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Full text of "Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania biography : illustrated"

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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania 

BIOGRAPHY 



BY 

JOHN W. JORDAN, LL.D. 

Librarian Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia ; Author of "Colonial Fainilief 

of Philadelphia," "Revolutionary History of Bethlehem," 

and various other work9. 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME X 



NEW YORK 

LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1918 



1607140 



BIOGRAPHICAL 




s 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



THOMAS, George C, 

Master of Finance, Philanthropist. 

Among those sterling business men 
who, during the latter half of the nine- 
teenth century, aided in strengthening 
and upholding the most vital interests of 
Philadelphia, not one stood higher in the 
esteem of his fellow citizens than the late 
George C. Thomas, member of the bank- 
ing house of Drexel & Company, and who 
as banker, philanthropist and churchman, 
won for himself a place all his own. 

(I) John Thomas, grandfather of George 
C. Thomas, came to Pennsylvania from 
Wales. He married Martha Taylor, and 
among his children were George C, who 
died, May 2, 1907, in the ninetieth year 
of his age ; and John W. Thomas, of 
whom below. 

(II) John W. Thomas, son of John and 
Martha (Taylor) Thomas, was born in 
Philadelphia, November 11, 1816, and re- 
ceived his education in the schools of 
that city. For many years he was one of 
Philadelphia's most prominent drygoods 
merchants. His first mercantile estab- 
lishment was located at Second and Cal- 
lowhill streets ; later he removed to 
Chestnut street, occupying the site of the 
present store of Joseph G. Darlington & 
Company, Mr. Darlington having been 
in his employ, and later succeeding him, 
January 1, 1874, when Mr. Thomas retired. 
John W. Thomas was officially connected 
with various banks of his city. He was 
one of the original members of the Chel- 
ten Hills Company. In politics he was a 
Whig, and later a Republican. He was 
for many years a member and warden of 
old St. Paul's Church, Philadelphia, and 



he took a very active interest in organiz- 
ing the parish of St. Paul's, Cheltenham 
(suburb of Philadelphia), of which he was 
a member and senior warden till death. 
John W. Thomas married Sophia Kezia 
Atkinson, born January 26, 1819, daugh- 
ter of Judge John and Mary (Bigelow) 
Atkinson, of Burlington, New Jersey, of 
which county John Atkinson was judge 
of the circuit court. Judge John Atkin- 
son was a son of Joseph and Catherine 
(Vaughan) Atkinson. The Atkinson fam- 
ily came from Eastern Pennsylvania, a 
lower county, which formerly, it was 
said, belonged to Maryland. The Mary- 
land Atkinsons came with the colony of 
Lord Baltimore, and of this Maryland 
branch was the late Bishop Atkinson, of 
North Carolina. John W. and Sophia 
Kezia (Atkinson) Thomas were the par- 
ents of the following children : 1. George 
Clifford, of whom below. 2. Ella, wife of 
George H. Leonard, of Boston, Mas- 
sachusetts. 3. Rev. Richard Newton 
Thomas, deceased ; clergyman of the 
Protestant Episcopal church, Philadel- 
phia ; married Clara Horstmann, daugh- 
ter of William J. Horstmann, Philadel- 
phia,-, and they had children: Walter 
Horstmann Thomas, of Philadelphia ; and 
Emma, wife of Norman Ellison, of Phil- 
adelphia. 4. Ida, deceased; became the 
wife of Charles B. Newcomb, of Bos* 
ton, Massachusetts. 5. Virginia, wife of 
James Day Rowland, Philadelphia. 6. 
Laura Cooke, died in girlhood. The 
death of John W. Thomas occurred 
March 18, 1882, at his home, Chelten 
Hills, Pennsylvania, where he had resided 
since 1854, and the death of his wife 
occurred July 5, 1895. At the time of the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



death of John W. Thomas a Philadelphia 
paper said : "He was a Christian gentle- 
man of the highest and purest type, and 
as such will be remembered by all who 
knew him." 

(Ill) George Clifford Thomas, son of 
John W. and Sophia Kezia (Atkinson) 
Thomas, was born in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, October 28, 1839. He attended 
and graduated from the Episcopal Acad- 
emy, and at an early age assumed man- 
agement of his father's commercial inter- 
ests, for which he displayed marked apti- 
tude. His ability soon won recognition 
from Jay Cooke, who offered him a posi- 
tion in his banking house, and admitted 
him to partnership in 1861. In 1863 and 
throughout the period of the Civil War, 
when the great financial operations of the 
government were conducted by the firm, 
George C. Thomas was one of the active 
partners. He took a prominent part in 
the work accomplished by the firm which 
strengthened the finances of the govern- 
ment so that it was enabled to carry on 
the war, which cost from three hundred 
to eight hundred million dollars annually. 
The great part which Jay Cooke & Com- 
pany took in popularizing the government 
loans has never been fully told. Mr. 
Thomas was actively instrumental with 
Mr. Cooke in promoting and carrying on 
the largest and most successful money 
operations that any government ever un- 
dertook. 

Upon the failure of Jay Cooke & Com- 
pany, in September, 1873, George C. 
Thomas gave every dollar of his fortune 
for the benefit of his creditors. For sev- 
eral months he was compelled to give his 
personal attention to the work of straight- 
ening out the firm's affairs. Undaunted 
by his experience, he began business 
anew before the close of the same year, 
entering into partnership with Joseph M. 
Shoemaker, under the style of Joseph M. 



Shoemaker & Company, which later be- 
came Thomas & Shoemaker. Within a 
few years the firm had gained an influ- 
ential clientage, the business being recog- 
nized as hardly second to any controlled 
by the banking and brokerage firms on 
Third street. 

Again the personal ability of George C. 
Thomas won recognition when Anthony 
J. Drexel invited him in 1883 to become a 
partner in the well-known Drexel house. 
From that time until his death there were 
few large financial transactions of Phila- 
delphia in which Mr. Thomas did not fig- 
ure. He was concerned in the Reading 
Railroad reorganization and the North- 
ern Pacific reorganization, and all the 
large operations of the Drexel & Morgan 
firms before his retirement. For twenty- 
one years he ranked among the first of 
Philadelphia's international bankers. Be- 
cause of ill health, he retired from busi- 
ness in January, 1905. His financial in- 
terests were in part represented by mem- 
bership in the Stock Exchange, a direc- 
torship in the Farmers and Mechanics 
National Bank and the Pennsylvania 
Company for Insurance on Lives and 
Granting Annuities. He was also a direc- 
tor of the Philadelphia Savings Fund So- 
ciety and an invester in many other finan- 
cial institutions. 

A man of deeply religious nature, 
George C. Thomas gave largely of his 
fortune to all forms of religion and char- 
ity. He was a truly great churchman, 
giving himself with equal devotion to the 
far and the near. Missions gave outlet 
and expression to his world-wide sym- 
pathies ; his own parish furnished abun- 
dant opportunity for close personal con- 
tact and individual helpfulness. He was 
treasurer of the Domestic and Foreign 
Missionary Society of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church for thirteen years, and 
was deputy to general conventions repre- 



/ 




-. 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



senting his diocese for twenty-one years. 
Reared in old St. Paul's Protestant Epis- 
copal Church, under the Rev. Richard 
Newton, D. D., its rector, Mr. Thomas 
was always interested in church work. 
When the Rev. Phillips Brooks, Rev. 
Samuel Appleton, D. D., and others, or- 
ganized the Church of the Holy Apostles, 
at Twenty-first and Christian streets, 
Philadelphia, Mr. Thomas was elected 
accounting warden, and was asked to take 
charge of the Sunday school until "a reg- 
ular superintendent could be found." Mr. 
Thomas entered into the Sunday school 
work with zeal, and "the regular superin- 
tendent" was found, for in the forty-one 
years which elapsed ere he passed from 
this life, he was seldom away from the 
school at its regular sessions and only 
when necessity obliged him to be absent. 
The little Sunday school of the Church of 
the Holy Apostles became one of the 
strongest in the city, and Mr. Thomas be- 
came one of the noted Sunday school 
workers in the country. Among the mu- 
nificent gifts made by Mr. Thomas to 
the church was the Chapel of the Holy 
Communion, at Twenty-first and Whar- 
ton streets, as a thank offering for the 
recovery of his son, George C. Thomas, 
Jr.. ; the Richard Newton Memorial 
Building to the Church of the Holy 
Apostles, Twenty-first and Christian 
streets, and Cooper Hall and Gymnasium, 
Twenty-third and Christian streets. He 
also gave the large piece of ground for 
the nurses' home of the Hahnemann Hos- 
pital to that institution. With Mrs. 
Thomas he gave a large parish house to 
the Chapel of the Holy Communion, and 
also donated twelve thousand dollars 
toward erecting the parish house of the 
Chapel of the Mediator at Fifty-first and 
Spruce streets. His last gift was given 
on Palm Sunday, when he gave five thou- 
sand dollars to the Chapel of the Media- 



tor. But what was greater than his gifts 
of money was that he gave himself, gave 
of his time, his energy and his thought, 
to the work of the church, and was a 
leader in all its movements. In addition 
to being superintendent of Holy Apostles 
Sunday school, he maintained for more 
than forty years a Friday Evening Teach- 
ers' Lesson Study, and for five years a 
normal class for intending teachers, which 
brought the instruction of the school to 
the highest standard. Many of Mr. 
Thomas' friends frequently wondered 
how he could so successfully direct so 
many departments of the church and keep 
them so thoroughly abreast of the times. 
His absolute sincerity in everything he 
attempted is believed to have been the 
basis of his success. Often after a strenu- 
ous day or night in his religious work, 
Mr. Thomas sought relaxation in music. 
He was organist for his church for many 
years. He spent many of his quiet 
moments with the old masters at his pipe 
organ. He was an accomplished musi- 
cian, but played chiefly for his own 
amusement. In the year 1870 he orig- 
inated and organized the Sunday School 
Association of the Diocese of Pennsyl- 
vania, of which from the year 1875 to the 
date of his death he was a vice-president, 
and by his splendid enthusiasm, his earn- 
est consecration, and his unostentatious 
generosity, did very much to make it the 
efficient organization it is to-day 

There were many quiet charities in 
which George C. Thomas was concerned 
that were practically unknown. In addi- 
tion to helping many young men over the 
rough edges of life, he also enabled many 
young women to accomplish their ambi- 
tion by providing for their education. 
Next to the charities which Mr. Thomas 
fostered, was his collection of books, pic- 
tures, priceless relics and art treasures, 
which form a collection probably un- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



equaled in any other private collection in 
America. 

George C. Thomas was a member of 
various clubs, among them the Union 
League, Art, Corinthian Yacht, Merion 
Cricket, Germantown Cricket, Philadel- 
phia Country, Racquet and Church clubs. 
He made frequent cruises on his yacht 
"Allegro" or his schooner "Ednada," and 
thus won recreation from business cares. 

On November 26, 1867, Mr. Thomas 
married, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 
Holy Trinity Church, the Rev. Phillips 
Brooks officiating, Ada Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of the late J. Barlow and Elizabeth 
(Hirons) Moorhead, of Philadelphia. The 
biography of J. Barlow Moorhead, to- 
gether with his portrait and the Moor- 
head arms, appears in this work. Mr. and 
Mrs. Thomas were the parents of the 
following children: 1. Elizabeth Moor- 
head, born October 24, 1869, died March 
31, 1875. 2. George Clifford, Jr.. born 
October 3, 1873 ; educated at Episcopal 
Academy, University of Pennsylvania, 
and for a number of years connected with 
Drexel & Company, bankers, Philadel- 
phia ; has written "The Practical Book of 
Outdoor Rose Growing," now in its 
fourth edition; married, July 6, 1901, 
Edna H. Ridge, daughter of Joseph Bet- 
ney and Annie (Campbell) Ridge, of Phil- 
adelphia, and has two children: George 
Clifford (3rd), born April 13, 1905; and 
Josephine Moorhead, born April 14, 1907. 
George C. Thomas, Jr., is now enrolled 
in the United States army, being captain 
in the Aviation Corps. 3. Sophie, born 
February 7, 1876, wife of Major Walter 
Schuyler Volkmar, United States army, 
of California ; by a former marriage Mrs. 
Volkmar has a son : George Clifford 
Thomas Remington, born July 19, 1899. 
4. Leonard Moorhead, born March 2/, 
1878 ; educated in Episcopal Academy, St. 
Paul's School, Concord, New Hampshire, 



graduated from Yale, 1901 ; appointed sec- 
retary to the United States Embassy in 
Rome, Italy, for five years, then became 
First Secretary of the United States Le- 
gation. Madrid, Spain, resigning from this 
post after one year ; has composed a num- 
ber of pieces of music ; now first lieuten- 
ant. Interpreters' Corps, United States 
army; married, January 26, 1910, Blanche 
Oelrichs, daughter of Charles M. and 
Blanche (DeLoosey) Oelrichs, of New 
York, and they have two children : Leon- 
ard Moorhead, Jr., born May 2, 191 1 ; and 
Robin May, born April 26, 191 5. 

The death of George C. Thomas, which 
occurred April 21, 1909, deprived Phila- 
delphia of one of her most valued citi- 
zens. Among the many hundreds of tri- 
butes paid to his memory, we. quote the 
following editorial from a Philadelphia 
paper : 

Banker, philanthropist and churchman, George 
C. Thomas has enriched far more than himself 
during a long, busy and successful life. He be- 
gan with the advantages of fortune and he used 
them wisely, shrewdly and with high success, but 
he did far more than merely make money in 
business and in banking. He held high stand- 
ards of personal integrity and business honor. 
When reverses came he pleaded no legal bar to 
his liabilities and his success through life was 
measured by no man's losses. He continued the 
sound, careful, conservative tradition of the 
banking of this city and he did his work as a 
banker by the wise and fruitful use of personal 
honor, credit and resources and not through 
banking corporations or their manipulation. 
Such men by example and by achievement 
strengthen every good impulse in their callings, 
lessen the force and peril of temptation for 
others and by rendering investments more se- 
cure and credit more stable, stimulate thrift, 
encourage saving and give hope and security 
to multitudes. The whole level of business 
transactions, of care in contracts and of dili- 
gence and prudence in dealing with the invest- 
ment of others, is raised and advanced by a 
banker like George C. Thomas. Through his 
honesty, honor and prescience other, men profit 
and the community gains. He added to his 






pZftsA^*-d_^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



large gifts and he gave with a banker's far-see- 
ing system. He understood that men immeasur- 
ably increase the value of their benefactions 
when they build into institutions and aid and 
endow organizations that live after them. The 
Church for which he did so much, the Missions 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church and a wide 
range of personal charities, profit for all years 
to come by his generosity. Still more, he gave 
himself. He was a conspicuous example of the 
many American laymen to whom wealth is re- 
sponsibility and not privilege and who give to 
the service, the services and the institutions of 
the communion to which they belong, a daily 
diligent labor, more valuable than all their 
gifts. Lives were lit by his timely aid, men and 
women in need, in perplexity and in temptation 
had from him the wise counsel, whose worth his 
own lavish success proved. As he went in and 
out among men, in all his ways and work, his 
acts, his utterances, his optimism and his con- 
sistent life made all who knew and met him 
more awake and more likely to lead the life 
which fills the earth with good deeds because 
of the belief that better than this earth gives 
lies beyond, secure and steadfast. 

This is the description of a true life 
— a life of quiet force, high-minded en- 
deavor and large benevolence, a life that 
left the world better than it found it. 
Such was the life of George Clifford 
Thomas. 



MOORHEAD, Joel Barlow, 

Leader in Important Enterprises. 

The Moorhead family, from which the 
late J. Barlow Moorhead, of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, was descended, was long 
established in Lanarkshire, Scotland. 
The name in the early period was spelled 
many ways : Muirhead, Muirehed, Moor- 
head, and Morehead, being some of them. 
The family seat (or free barony) in Lan- 
ark was known as "Lauchop." 

Sir William Muirhead, of Lauchop, by 
his wife, Lady Jane Hay, daughter of 
Hay of Lacharret, direct ancestor of the 
Marquise of Tweeddale. was most famous 
through the beauty of his daughter 



Janet, who was known in all the west as 
the "Bonnie Lass of Lechbruanch." Sir 
William lived prior to 1450. In 1469, An- 
drew Muirhead, of this family, was Lord 
Bishop of Glasgow, and bore as cogniz- 
ance three acorns on a bend. 

A branch of this family was settled 
at Herbertshire, County Stirling, and 
registered their arms in the Court of the 
Lord of Lyon, in 1718. It is this branch 
which began to spell the name Morehead, 
and from which were descended three 
brothers who settled in the North of Ire- 
land after the "Plantations of Ulster." 
Before that time, in the seventeenth cen- 
tury, several members of the family had 
entered England, when the union of the 
Crown of Scotland and England was con- 
summated by the annexation by a Scottish 
king of the English throne to his own pa- 
ternal throne of Scotland. Among the 
descendants of the three Moorhead broth- 
ers who entered Ireland as gentlemen col- 
onists was a William Moorhead, a friend 
of Lord Marserene. In 1710 that noble- 
man mentions him in a letter as one of 
the subscribers to the Antrim racing plate. 
The arms of the family are : 

Arms — Argent, on a bend azure, three acorns 
or. In chief a man's heart proper within a fet- 
ter-lock, sable. 

Crest — Two hands conjoined grasping a two- 
handed sword proper. 

Motto — Auxilio Deo. 

(I) William Moorhead, the founder of 
the Moorhead family in Pennsylvania, 
was a member of this family. He was 
born in County Down, near Belfast, in 
1774, and remained in Ireland until 1798, 
when he emigrated to Pennsylvania and 
settled in Lancaster county. After resid- 
ing there a few years he removed to 
Dauphin county, where in 1806 he pur- 
chased a property on the banks of the 
Susquehanna river, about twenty miles 
above Harrisburg. For many years this 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



place, now called Halifax, was known as 
Moorhead's Ferry, and, as the main road 
from the East to the settlement on the 
Upper Susquehanna crossed the river at 
this place, it soon became a point of 
considerable importance. Here William 
Moorhead continued to reside until 1815, 
being widely known not only as a 
successful farmer and an enterprising 
business man, but as a gentleman of more 
than ordinary education and refinement. 
He took an active interest in the politi- 
cal affairs of his day, and was one of the 
most ardent supporters of the adminis- 
tration of President Madison, by whom in 
1814 he was appointed Collector of In- 
ternal Revenues for the Tenth District of 
Pennsylvania to collect the direct tax im- 
posed to meet the expenses incurred on 
account of the second war with Great 
Britain. As the duties of this office com- 
pelled him to spend most of his time at 
Harrisburg, he removed with his family 
to the State Capital in 1815, and it was 
there that he died suddenly two years 
later. In the spring following his death, 
the widow, with her six surviving chil- 
dren, returned to the farm at Moorhead's 
Ferry, but as the estate had been left in 
a most unsettled condition, even this 
property had to be sold. Mrs. Moorhead 
was enabled to remain as a tenant, her 
eldest son, James Kennedy Moorhead, 
acting as manager for her. 

William Moorhead married, March 18, 
1802, Elizabeth (Kennedy) Young, relict 
of John Young, and daughter of James 
and Jane (Maxwell) Kennedy, of Lancas- 
ter county, Pennsylvania. She died, July 
24, 1847, at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 
(See Kennedy line). Issue of Wil- 
liam Moorhead and Elizabeth (Kennedy- 
Young) Moorhead: 1. Ann Moorhead, 
born October 24, 1804. died February 
24, 1808. 2. Eliza Moorhead, born March 
15, 1805, died August 29, 1858; married. 



January 24, 1826, William Montgomery, 
born in 1791, died in 1858. 3. James Ken- 
nedy Moorhead, born September 7, 1806, 
died March 6, 1884. 4. William Garro- 
way Moorhead, born July 7, 181 1, died 
January 13, 1895. 5. Joel Barlow Moor- 
head (see below). 6. Adeline Moorhead, 
died unmarried. 7. Henry Clay Moor- 
head, born March 19, 1815 ; died unmar- 
ried, April 15, 1861 ; he was a graduate of 
West Point Military Academy and served 
in the United States army. He studied 
law and was admitted to the bar. He 
practised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
until invalided. 

(II) Joel Barlow Moorhead, son of 
William and Elizabeth (Kennedy-Young) 
Moorhead, was born at Moorhead's Ferry, 
Pennsylvania, April 13, 181 3. Associated 
with his brother, James Kennedy Moor- 
head, he joined in the work of construct- 
ing the Pennsylvania canal, and was also 
connected with the building of the Phila- 
delphia & Columbia and the Portage rail- 
ways, the development of the Mononga- 
hela Slack Water Navigation Company, 
and the building of the earliest bridges 
over great waterways. In 1843 J- Barlow 
Moorhead became interested in the im- 
provement of the navigation of the Mon- 
ongahela river by a series of pools, dams 
and locks, popularly known as "slack- 
water navigation," a work which he com- 
pleted in 1844. He opened up a vast 
extent of territory to the advantage of 
navigation, the locks being of sufficient 
capacity to transport great steamships ; 
and he was one of the largest stockhold- 
ers of the enterprise which is now owned 
by the Monongahela Navigation Com- 
pany. In 1850 he effected a contract with 
the Sunbury & Erie Railway Company 
for the construction of a line from Sun- 
bury to Williamsport, which was finished 
in 1855. 

In 1856 J. Barlow Moorhead moved to 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and in the 
year following became interested in the 
iron business at Conshohocken, purchas- 
ing the Merion blast furnace from Ste- 
phen (Merion) Caldwell. In 1872 he 
added a new furnace and in this business 
he became very successful, acquiring a 
large fortune. He was vestryman of the 
Church of the Holy Trinity of Philadel- 
phia, and was one of the founders and 
builders of the beautiful Holy Trinity 
Church, in Spring Lake, New Jersey, 
where was his summer home. A Demo- 
crat until 1861, he became a Union Re- 
publican when the Civil War broke out, 
and remained attached to the Republican 
party during the remainder of his life. 
His death occurred in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, October 25, 1889. 

J. Barlow Moorhead married. Febru- 
ary 7, 1837, Elizabeth Hirons, who was 
born April 4, 1813, and died February 7, 
1890; she was the eldest child of John 
and Ann Ferris (Gilpin) Hirons. (See 
Gilpin line). Issue of J. Barlow and Eliz- 
abeth (Hirons) Moorhead: 1. Charles 
Hirons Moorhead, born January 31, 1840, 
died January 7, 1905 ; married Lucy 
Phelps Hickman ; issue : J. Barlow Moor- 
head, Jr., died aged twenty-one years. 2. 
Ada Elizabeth Moorhead, born December 
10. 1843 ! married. November 26, 1867, 
George Clifford Thomas ; (see biography 
of George C. Thomas, in this work). 3. 
Clara Alice Moorhead, born March 13, 
1846: married, April 23, 1868, Jay Cooke, 
Jr., of Philadelphia ; died December 16, 
1912; banker. 4. Caroline Frances Moor- 
head, born March 13, 1846; married Jo- 
seph Earlston Thropp, of Philadelphia. 

At the time of the death of J. Barlow 
Moorhead. his friend, the late Colonel 
Alexander K. McClure, wrote the follow- 
in? tribute to his memory, in the columns 
of the "Philadelphia Times-" 



A Family of Mark. — The death of Joel Barlow 
Moorhead. one of the leading iron manufac- 
turers of this city and state, recalls the record 
of one of the most noted families in Pennsyl- 
vania in the great progress achieved by our 
people during the last half century. The father 
of Mr. Moorhead was a man of prominence, as 
is evidenced by his appointment as Internal 
Revenue Collector by President Madison in 
1815. Three of his sons have made their names 
memorable as imposing factors in the material 
advancement of the State. Joel B. Moorhead, 
whose death is now lamented in this city, James 
K. Moorhead, who died several years ago in 
Pittsburgh, and William G. Moorhead, yet lives 
in West Philadelphia, all came to early man- 
hood just when the era of public improvements 
had dawned that developed our Canal System. 

The construction of a, line of railroad and 
canal from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh over 
sixty years ago, required more breadth of grasp 
and more courage than did the construction of 
the Pacific railways nearly forty years later, and 
the young Moorheads were in the forefront not 
only in conceiving and perfecting the system of 
these improvements but also in constructing 
them. They were large contractors in the con- 
struction of both the Philadelphia & Columbia 
and the Portage Railroads and also of the canal; 
and the Monongahela slack-water navigation 
and the earliest advanced bridges over great 
rivers are inseparably connected with the skill, 
energy, and courage of the Moorheads. The 
present generation knows little of the achieve- 
ments of the men who inspired and led in prog- 
ress three-score years ago, and all that was 
done in the early days is now accepted as only 
the logical and inevitable, while only the pres- 
ent is credited with truly great advancement; 
but those who can yet recall the struggle of 
some sixty years ago to develop great highways 
as arteries of trade, well apprecate the fact that 
no undertaking of modern times, colossal as 
many of them have been, equalled the courage 
and skill in utilizing resources which were nec- 
essary to bring Pennsylvania up to the plane of 
a liberal system of internal improvements. 

Soon after the completion of the line from 
this city to Pittsburgh, the State narrowly 
escaped the stain of repudiation, and for some 
years it was a disputed question whether Penn- 
sylvania could maintain her credit with $40,000,- 
000 of debt. Now, both the rude improvements 
of that day and the debt incurred in their con- 
struction belong to the past, and the men who 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were the 'bold pioneers in the improvements 
which now extend to every centre of population 
in the State, are almost forgotten in the 
grandeur of their perfected work. 

Of the three Moorhead brothers who are so 
creditably identified with the early progress of 
the State, Joel B. has just passed away after a 
long residence in this city as a successful iron 
manufacturer. James K. was always more or 
less active in politics, and he entered Congress 
as one of Allegheny's representatives in 1858 
and served with great usefulness for ten years, 
covering the entire period of the war. He and 
Joel B. both lived with the partners of their 
youth to celebrate their golden weddings. Wil- 
liam G. is best known to the people of to-day as 
the partner of Jay Cooke in his great banking- 
house, but he had been one of the foremost men 
of the state before that house was founded. He 
was the first president of the Philadelphia and 
Erie Railroad who could command the means 
and perfect the needed measures for the com- 
pletion of that long-delayed and important en- 
terprise, and he had represented our country 
abroad with eminent credit. It is rare, indeed, 
to find a family that has so indelibly and so 
creditably written its records in the best ad- 
vancement of a great Commonwealth as has 
the Moorhead family in Pennsylvania. 

At the same time that the foregoing 
was written, the "Bulletin of the Ameri- 
can Iron and Steel Association," of Phil- 
adelphia, under date. of October 30, 1889, 
said: 

Death of J. B. Moorhead.— We are again called 
upon to record the death of another of the old 
friends and executive officers of the American 
Iron and Steel Association. On Friday last, 
October 25. Mr. Joel Barlow Moorhead, presi- 
dent of the Merion Iron Company, died at the 
residence of his son-in-law, Mr. George C. 
Thomas, at Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, in his 
seventy-seventh year. Our deceased friend was 
a man of firm convictions, great energy, excep- 
tional business sagacity, unswerving uprightness, 
simple, and gentle manners, and great kindness 
of heart. He had been a member of the execu- 
tive committee of the American Iron and Steel 
Association for about twenty years. 

(Kennedy Lineage). 

Elizabeth ( Kennedy-Young) Moorhead, 
wife of William Moorhead, was descended 



from the noble house of Cassilis, in Scot- 
land. Her father, James Kennedy, a 
native of Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
was a son of William Kennedy, who was 
born in the North of Ireland in 1695. Her 
mother was Jane Maxwell, a daughter of 
John Maxwell, of New Jersey, and a sis- 
ter of General William Maxwell, of the 
Revolution. Her grandfather, William 
Kennedy, was a son of the Rev. Thomas 
Kennedy, who was moderator of the gen- 
eral synod of Ulster in 1696, and died in 
Ireland, January 20, 1716. The Rev. 
Thomas Kennedy was a son of Colonel 
Gilbert Kennedy, and was in Ireland with 
the Scotch troops in 1645 when he was 
only a captain, and was very active in 
helping the Scotch Presbyterians in Ire- 
land. Colonel Gilbert Kennedy was a 
son of the Laird of Drumurchie, and a 
brother of John Kennedy, the sixth Earl 
of Cassilis. He was with Cromwell at 
the battle of Marston Moor. His niece, 
Margaret Kennedy, daughter of his elder 
brother, the sixth Earl of Cassilis, was the 
wife of Dr. Gilbert Burnett, Bishop of 
Salisbury. 

The house of Cassilis was descended 
from Sir Gilbert de Carrick, who obtained 
a charter of the lands of Kennedy in Ayr- 
shire, Scotland. Sir John Kennedy, desig- 
nated son of Sir Gilbert de Carrick in 
many writs, obtained a confirmation 
charter of the lands of Castlys from King 
David II. His son. Sir Gilbert Kennedy, 
was one of the hostages to the English in 
1357. This Gilbert Kennedy, by his first 
wife, Marian Sandilas, daughter of Sir 
James Sandilas, of Calder, was the father 
of Thomas Kennedy, of Bargany ; by his 
second wife he was the father of Sir James 
Kennedy, who married Mary Stewart, a 
daughter of King Robert III. The eldest 
son of this younger son became the first 
Lord Kennedy, who was the grandfather 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of David Kennedy, the third Lord and 
first Earl of Cassilis. 

The first Earl of Cassilis fell at the bat- 
tle of Flodden Field in 1513; the second 
Earl was killed in 1527, while trying to 
rescue King James V from the Earl of 
Arran ; the third Earl died in Dieppe in 
1558, while on a mission to France to 
assist at the marriage of Mary, Queen of 
Scots, with the dauphin, afterward King 
Francis II.; the fourth Earl died in 1576, 
and the fifth Earl, after a turbulent life, 
died in 1616, without issue. John Ken- 
nedy, fifth Earl of Cassilis, was succeeded 
by his nephew, John Kennedy, son of 
Gilbert Kennedy, Laird of Drumurchie. 

Irish archaeologists trace the origin of 
the Kennedy family to Donchuan, brother 
of Brian Boru, but some of the Scotch 
genealogists are content with one Ken- 
neth, and others find the beginning with 
Duncan de Carrick, who owned a consid- 
erable estate in Ayrshire at the beginning 
of the thirteenth century. The first of the 
name on record are Alexander Kennedy, 
canon of Glasgow, and Hurve Kennedy, 
chevalier of Lanarkshire, who swore 
fealty to King Edward I of England. 
These names appear on the "Ragman 
Roll" for 1296. 

James Kennedy, son of William and 
Marion Henderson Kennedy, born in 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania, in 1730, mar- 
ried, in 1 761, Jane Maxwell, daughter of 
John Maxwell, and a sister of General 
William Maxwell.* William Kennedy, 



•General William Maxwell was the chairman 
of the Committee of Safety of Sussex county. 
New Jersey. He was brigadier-general in the 
army of Washington: a noble soldier and 
patriot; served in the French War, 1755-1759, as 
an officer of the Provincial troops; was with 
Braddock when that officer was defeated at 
Fort Duquesne, and fought with Wolfe in the 
attack upon Quebec. Upon the outbreak of the 
war between England and her American colo- 
nies he resigned his commission in the English 
army and marched on foot to Trenton, where he 
tendered his services to the Provincial Congress, 
accepting a colonel's command, but was soon 
promoted to brigadier-general. He served with 
distinction in the battles of Germantown and 
Monmouth. 



son of James and Jane (Maxwell) Ken- 
nedy, born in 1766, died in Easton, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1850; married, January 28, 
1798, Sarah Stewart Randall, then only 
fifteen years of age. He gave his services 
to the Continental forces as an aid to his 
uncle, General William Maxwell. Politi- 
cally a Democrat, he represented the coun- 
ties of Sussex and Warren in the Legis- 
lature of New Jersey several successive 
sessions and presided with honor and 
dignity over the upper house. In the 
same counties he served for many years 
as judge of the courts. 

(The Gilpin Line). 

This ancient and honorable race of 
Anglo-Norman origin has in the succes- 
sive generations given to the world many 
statesmen, warriors and divines, and has 
exercised no small influence in the ad- 
vancement of learning and art. Both in 
England and American annals the name is 
a prominent one, its original form of de 
Gylpyn having been gradually modernized 
by dropping the "de" and changing the 
"y" to "i." There is a tradition that the 
family was planted in England by Bert 
de Gylpyn, who went thither in the train 
of William the Conqueror, and whose 
crest was, as an old rhyme says, 

The rebus of his name, 
A pineapple — a pine of gold. 

Richard de Gylpyn was the first of the 
family of whom we have authentic 
knowledge. He displayed signal courage 
in slaying a wild boar which had com- 
mitted great devastation in Cumberland 
and Westmoreland, and as a reward was 
granted by the Baron of Kendal the 
estate of Kentmere, situated in the latter 
county. The Baron, like most of the 
nobles of that time, could neither read nor 
write, and therefore on going to Runny- 
mede to assist in wresting Magna Charta 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



from King John, took Richard de Gylpyn 
with him as secretary. For this service, 
as well as for his other achievements, he 
was knighted, adopting the arms which 
have ever since been borne by his de- 
scendants : 

Arms — Or a boar statant sable, langued and 
tusked gules. 

Crest — A dexter arm embovved, in armor 
proper, the naked hand grasping a pine branch 
fesswise vert. 

Motto — Dictis factisque simplex. 

The estate was increased in the reign 
of Henry III. by the grant of Peter de 
Bruys of the Manor of Ulwithwaite to 
Richard, the grandson of the first of that 
name. This grant, written in Latin, is 
still preserved by the English head of the 
family. Kentmere remained in the family 
until the civil wars of the time of Charles 
I., when members of the family were fight- 
ing on both sides. About the same period 
another Richard Gilpin purchased Scaleby 
Castle, near Carlisle, which has been in 
the family ever since, although it is not 
now owned by a Gilpin, but has passed 
into the female branch. 

Among the most distinguished of those 
who have shed lustre on the family name 
was Bernard Gilpin, often called "The 
Apostle of the North." Brought up a Ro- 
man Catholic, he was made rector of 
Houghton, but before the death of Queen 
Mary he became satisfied with the doc- 
trines of the Reformation, and until his 
death wielded an immense influence in 
ecclesiastical affairs. He was summoned 
to appear before Dr. Bonner, Bishop of 
London, to stand trial for heresy, and on 
the journey fell from his horse and broke 
his leg. Before he was able to appear 
before the judges, Queen Mary died, the 
reformers came into power, and he had 
nothing to fear. In those turbulent times 
Bernard, contrary to custom, went un- 
armed and fearless, and was noted for his 



unflinching devotion to the people and to 
what he considered his duty. On one 
occasion, upon entering a church, he saw 
a gauntlet suspended in mid-air — a chal- 
lenge of some trooper in the building. 
Taking the glove with him. he said dur- 
ing the sermon, "I see there is one among 
you who has, even in this sacred place, 
hung up a glove in defiance.' - Then, dis- 
playing it. he added, "I challenge him to 
compete with me in acts of Christian 
charity," flinging it, as he spoke, upon the 
floor. Queen Elizabeth offered him the 
bishopric of Carlisle, which he declined, 
preferring to preach the Reformation and 
endow schools. He was a spiritual guide, 
beloved by old and young alike. 

A brother of Bernard Gilpin was Wil- 
liam Gilpin, from whom the Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, branch of the family is de- 
scended. He married Elizabeth Wash- 
ington, of Hall Heal, a collateral ances- 
tress of George Washington, first Presi- 
dent of the United States. William Gil- 
pin died and was buried at Kendal, Jen- 
uary 23, 1577. 

(I) Thomas Gilpin, of Warborough, 
was a colonel in the Parliamentary army 
and fought at the battle of Worcester, 
September 3. 165 1. He afterward joined 
the Society of Friends, and for forty 
years was a preacher. 

(II) Joseph Gilpin, sixteen generations 
from Richard Gylpyn. son of Thomas 
Gilpin, was the founder of the American 
branch of the family. He was born in 
1664, and like his father was a Friend. 
He emigrated in 1696 to the Province 
of Pennsylvania and settled in Chester 
county, his home in England having been 
in Dorchester, County Oxford. In the 
new land Joseph Gilpin, after the manner 
of Friends, lived in perfect harmony and 
friendship with his Indian neighbors. It 
has been believed and handed down that 
his philanthropy and patriotism were not 




£■», SySG **/***»* 



r/6'o /#u 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



surpassed by any in the country. Great 
numbers of emigrants, principally Friends, 
on coming over, were kindly received and 
entertained at his house week after week, 
and he cheerfully devoted a good portion 
of his time for several years in assisting 
them to find suitable situations and to 
get their lands properly cleared. Part of 
his house is still standing, and the last of 
the property passed out of the family less 
than fifty years ago. It was situated 
at Birmingham meeting-house, on the 
Brandywine, and the house is said to 
have been the headquarters of General 
Howe. Joseph Gilpin married, February 
23, 1692, in Baghurst, Southampton, Eng- 
land, Hannah Glover, the maiden name of 
whose mother was Alice Lamboll ; she 
died January 12, 1757. Of the fifteen chil- 
dren of this issue, one only died under 
sixty years of age, and at the time of 
Hannah Gilpin's death one hundred and 
twenty-three of her descendants were liv- 
ing. Among these children of Joseph and 
Hannah (Glover) Gilpin were two sons: 
Samuel, from whom was descended Wil- 
liam Gilpin, Governor of Colorado ; Jo- 
seph, mentioned below. Joseph Gilpin, 
the emigrant, died November 9, 1741. 

(Ill) Joseph (2) Gilpin, son of Joseph 
(1) and Hannah (Glover) Gilpin, was 
born March 21, 1704, and in 1761 removed 
to Wilmington, Delaware. He married, 
December 17, 1729, Mary Caldwell, and 
they were the parents of twelve children, 
among them Hannah, who married John 
Grubb (see Grubb Line) and Vincent Gil- 
pin, the progenitor of the Philadelphia 
line. Joseph Gilpin, the father, died De- 
cember 31, 1792. 

To this generation of the Gilpins be- 
longs a name illustrious in art, that of 
Benjamin West, who succeeded Sir Joshua 
Reynolds, as president of the Royal Acad- 
emy. John West, the father of Benja- 
min, was the son of Thomas and Ann 



(Gilpin) West, the latter being sister of 
Thomas Gilpin, of Warborough, the Par- 
liamentary colonel. It is probable that 
to this generation belongs also George 
Gilpin, a descendant of Joseph Gilpin, the 
emigrant. George Gilpin settled in Alex- 
andria, Virginia, and was a friend of 
Washington. At the breaking out of the 
Revolutionary War he was made colonel 
of the Fairfax militia, and was present 
at the battle of Dorchester Heights. Af- 
ter the war he was interested with Wash- 
ington in some navigation experiments on 
the Potomac, and at the funeral of the 
first President, George Gilpin was one of 
the pallbearers. 

(IV) Vincent Gilpin, son of Joseph (2) 
and Mary (Caldwell) Gilpin, was born 
December 8, 1732. He was a prominent 
citizen of Wilmington, Delaware, and 
was assistant burgess of that city in 1773. 
He married, December 6, 1758, Abigail 
Woodward, and died August 5, 1810. Of 
their eight children three were sons, who 
married and left issue : Edward ; James ; 
and William. 

(V) Edward Gilpin, eldest child of 
Vincent and Abigail (Woodward) Gilpin, 
was born April 27, 1760, and died April 
15, 1844. He was assistant burgess of 
Wilmington in 1791, 1797 and 1799. He 
married, November 22, 1788, Lydia Grubb, 
daughter of Samuel Grubb, and was the 
father of nine children, several of whom 
moved to Philadelphia and established 
the Gilpin name a second time as an in- 
fluential and abiding factor in Quaker 
City life. 

(VI) Ann Ferris Gilpin, born May 23, 
1791, died March 21, 1871. eldest child 
of Edward and Lydia (Grubb) Gilpin, 
married John Hirons, September 1, 1812. 
John Hirons was son of John and Eliza- 
beth (Roberts) Hirons. 

(VII) Elizabeth Hirons, eldest daugh- 
ter of John and Ann Ferris (Gilpin) Hi- 



13 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rons, was born April 4, 1813, died Febru- 
ary 7, 1890; married, February 7, 1837, 
Joel Barlow Moorhead, born April 13, 
181 3, died October 25, 1889, one of the 
noted ironmasters of Pennsylvania. (See 
Moorhead line). 

(VIII) Ada Elizabeth Moorhead, born 
December 10, 1843, daughter of Joel Bar- 
low and Elizabeth (Hirons) Moorhead, 
became the wife of George Clifford 
Thomas, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
(See biography of George C. Thomas, in 
this work). 

(The Grubb Line). 

This family is a very old one in Eng- 
land, and the name, spelled in the early 
records either Grubbe or Grubb, appears 
in the ancient records of Kent, Cornwall, 
Hertfordshire, and other English coun- 
ties, as early as 1300, and in some in- 
stances still earlier. The English stock 
generally is of Danish derivation. The 
Royal Archives at Copenhagen show that 
the Grubbs have been since 1127 one of 
the oldest and at times most distinguished 
noble families of Denmark, and connected 
with many families of high rank in Ger- 
many and Austria. 

(I) John Grubb, the most prominent of 
the family to settle in the New World, 
was born in Cornwall, England, in 1652, 
and came to the Delaware river in the 
ship "Kent," in 1677. He obtained a 
grant of land at Upland, now Chester, 
Pennsylvania, 1679, and at Grubb's Land- 
ing, New Castle county, now Delaware, 
in 1682, and subsequently elsewhere, in 
both the Lower counties, as Delaware was 
then known, and in Pennsylvania. John 
Grubb belonged to a county family of note 
in Wiltshire, England, which had settled 
in that country as early as 1550, and much 
earlier in Hertfordshire, where Henry 
Grubbe in 1506 married Joan, daughter 
of Sir Richard Radcliffe, who died in 
1485. on Bosworth Field, in support of 



King Richard III., and whose descendants 
are still prominent citizens of the neigh- 
boring counties in England. The ances- 
try of John Grubb, of Grubb's Landing, 
New Castle county, has been traced to 
Henry Grubbe, Esq., who was elected a 
member of Parliament for Devizes, Wilt- 
shire, in the fourteenth year of the reign 
of Queen Elizabeth (1571). He died in 
1581, and was the ancestor of Walter 
Grubbe, member of Parliament, 1685 ; and 
of General John Heneage Hunt Grubbe. 
commander at Quebec ; of Major Thomas 
Hunt Grobbe, who was wounded in bat- 
tle under General Lord Packenham, at 
New Orleans, 1815; and of Admiral Sir 
Walter Hunt Grubbe, K. B., K. C. B., of 
the Royal Navy, England. 

Thomas Grubbe, Esq. (eldest son of the 
said Henry Grubbe) of Potterne, Devizes, 
Wiltshire, died there February 2, 1617. 
His second son, 

Thomas Grubbe, M. A., born at Pot- 
terne, Devizes, Wiltshire, 1581 ; graduated 
at Oxford University, and became rector 
of Cranfield, Bedfordshire, 

John Grubb, Esq.. second son of 
Thomas Grubbe, M. A., born in Bedford- 
shire, England, 1610, died at Potterne, 
Wiltshire, 1667, was a royalist and an 
adherent of the Church of England dur- 
ing the Civil W T ar, and after the execution 
of Charles I. settled in Cornwall, where 
he married Helen Vivian, and was the 
father of John Grubb, the early settler 
on the Delaware, who was born in Corn- 
wall, 1652, and whose wife was Frances 
Vane, of Kent county, England. 

This John Grubb, son of John and 
Helen (Vivian) Grubb, the pioneer set- 
tler, with William Penn, Richard Buf- ] 
fington, and others, signed the Plan of , 
Government for the Province of West 
Jersey, bearing date March 3, 1676, and j 
at the age of twenty-five years sought j 
his fortune and a career in the New 1 



14 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



World. Whether he emigrated direct 
from Cornwall is not certainly known. 
As his father was buried in 1667 in the 
family churchyard at Potterne, Wilt- 
shire, it is possible that John may have 
lived in Wiltshire at about the time he 
came to America. This is not unlikely, 
inasmuch as John Buckley and Morgan 
Drewett, whose land immediately ad- 
joined his at Grubb's Landing, on the 
Delaware, as well as others among his 
friends and contemporaries who resided 
at Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania, and the 
neighboring townships, all emigrated from 
Wiltshire. 

During his thirty years of rugged and 
arduous pioneer life on the Delaware, he 
proved himself to be a man of enterpris- 
ing, vigorous and sterling qualities, and 
of practical business ability. He was 
prominent and influential in his section, 
and successful in his career as legislator, 
magistrate, farmer and leather manufac- 
turer. He not only cleared and cultivated 
the various tracts of land he owned, but 
he also, in practical recognition of the 
needs of a pioneer people, erected a tan- 
nery near Grubb's Landing, and was one 
of the earliest manufacturers of leather in 
Penn's new province. He also, conform- 
ably to the provisions of Penn's very prac- 
tical law and the custom of the most 
prominent settlers, had each of his sons 
taught a practical trade, in order that they 
might be prepared for every contingency 
incident to those early times. He was 
commissioned a justice of New Castle 
county. May 2, 1693, and was elected a 
member of the Colonial Assembly, 1692- 
98-1700. On June 3, 1698, Alice Gilpin, 
widow of Thomas Gilpin, conveyed to 
him one hundred and eight acres of land 
near Grubb's Landing, on the Dela- 
ware. In 1703-4, he purchased land at 
Marcus Hook, Chichester township, Ches- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, where he was 



living at the time of making his will in 
which he is named as of the county of 
Chester. He died at Marcus Hook, 
March, 1708, in his fifty-sixth year, and 
was buried in St. Martin's churchyard. 
He was not a Quaker, but like his ances- 
tors, adhered to the Church of England. 
His will was proved, filed and recorded 
in the Register of Wills Office at Philadel- 
phia, March 26, 1708, but as he was a 
large landowner in New Castle county, a 
copy thereof was filed in the Wills Office 
at New Castle, Delaware. Frances (Vane) 
Grubb, of Grubb's Landing, married 
(second) Richard Buffiington, her first 
husband's friend and associate, as has 
been shown by deeds signed by them 
and by other circumstances, and there- 
after lived in Bradford township, Chester 
county, where she died prior to 1721. 
John and Frances (Vane) Grubb were 
the parents of the following children : 
Emanuel ; John, see below ; Charity, 
married Richard Beeson ; Phebe; Joseph; 
Henry; Samuel; Nathaniel; Peter. 

(II) John Grubb, second son of John 
and Frances (Vane) Grubb, born at 
Grubb's Landing, New Castle county, 
Delaware, November, 1684, was an ex- 
tensive landowner in New Castle county. 
In addition to several other tracts in 
Brandywine Hundred, he obtained fifty- 
six acres of Stockdale's plantation on 
the Delaware river, at Grubb's Land- 
ing, and two hundred acres of an ad- 
joining tract called "Mile End," on the 
division of lands in 1735, between himself, 
his elder brother, Emanuel, and his wife's 
brother, Adam Buckley. He also owned 
considerable land in Chichester township, 
Chester county. He married Rachel, 
born April 4, 1690, died December 15, 
1752, daughter of John and Hannah (San- 
derson) Buckley, of Brandywine Hun- 
dred, New Castle county. He died March 
15, 1758. In his will, dated March 10, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1753, he devises his property to his sons 
and daughters, and provides for the eman- 
cipation of his negro slaves. He was bur- 
ied in the Friends' burying ground at 
Chichester, Pennsylvania. John Grubb 
was co-executor with his mother, Fran- 
ces, of his father's will. 

(III) Samuel Grubb, fourth son of 
John and Rachel (Buckley) Grubb, born 
March 28, 1722, Brandywine Hundred, 
New Castle county, became a member of 
Chichester Meeting of Friends, August 4, 
1746; married there, September 30, 1746, 
Rebecca, born January 30, 1727, died De- 
cember 6, 1760, daughter of William and 
Mary Hewes, of Chichester, and sister to 
his elder brother, William's wife ; married 
(second), July 15, 1752, Lydia, born June 
12, 1732, died September 23, 1782, daugh- 
ter of Joshua and Margery Baker, of Chi- 
chester; died in Pennsbury township, 
Chester county, January 21, 1769. 

(IV) Lydia Grubb, daughter of Sam- 
uel Grubb, by his second wife, Lydia 
Baker, born July 21, 1766, died May 3, 
1831 ; married, November 22, 1788, Ed- 
ward Gilpin, son of Vincent and Abigail 
(Woodward) Gilpin (see Gilpin line) and 
an uncle of Edward W. Gilpin, Chief Jus- 
tice of Delaware. 



MORRISON, Thomas Anderson, 

Lawyer, Jurist. 

The State of Pennsylvania has been 
especially honored in the character and 
careers of her active men and public offi- 
cers. In every section have been found 
men peculiarly proficient in their various 
vocations, men who have been conspicu- 
ous because of their superior intelligence, 
natural endowment and force of char- 
acter. It is always profitable to study 
such lives, weigh their motives, and hold 
up their achievements as incentives to 
greater activity and higher excellence on 



the part of others. These reflections are 
suggested by the career of the late Judge 
Thomas A. Morrison, of McKean county, 
Pennsylvania, who, by a strong inherent 
force and superior ability, stood for many 
years as one of the leading men of his 
section of the State. 

Judge Thomas A. Morrison was a 
member of a distinguished Pennsylvania 
family, which had its origin in the North 
of Ireland, its members displaying in a 
marked degree the sturdy virtues and 
abilities which we associate with that 
region. His grandfather, Hugh Mor- 
rison, emigrated from the North of Ire- 
land to the United States, settling in Cen- 
ter county, Pennsylvania, and there his 
son, William Morrison, father of Judge 
Thomas A. Morrison, was born. Later 
he gave his attention to agricultural pur- 
suits and was one of the successful farm- 
ers of Pleasantville. Toward the latter 
part of his life, he moved to Derrick City, 
Pennsylvania, where his death occurred 
in 1885, when more than seventy years of 
age. He married Elizabeth McMaster, 
born in the State of Pennsylvania, in 181 5, 
died at Forestville, New York, in 1869. 
They were the parents of the following 
children: 1. Mary, born in Pleasantville, 
Pennsylvania, 1838, became the wife of 
James Farrell, a successful oil producer, 
and died at Titusville, Pennsylvania, 
191 1. 2. Thomas Anderson, of whom 
further. 3. Isabella, born in Pleasant- 
ville, Pennsylvania, 1841, became the wife 
of Milton Hyde, a farmer of Forestville, 
New York, where she died in 1892. 4. 
William C, born in Pleasantville, Penn- 
sylvania, 1843, now a resident of Illinois, 
where he is engaged in the oil business. 
5. Fidelia, born in Pleasantville, Pennsyl- 
vania, 1846, became the wife of Albert 
McQuiston, died December, 1913, whom 
she survives and now makes her home in 
Rexford, Pennsylvania. 6. Adelaide, born 



16 




kJicAS, /1/Lirr^ir-x^^-T^. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in Pleasantville, Pennsylvania, 1848, died 
at Friendship, New York. 

Thomas Anderson Morrison was born 
in Pleasantville, Venango county, Penn- 
sylvania, May 4, 1840. In the public 
schools and the Pleasantville Academy, 
he obtained the preliminary portion of 
his education. From very early child- 
hood he exhibited a marked taste and 
ability as a scholar and left behind him in 
both of these institutions a fine record 
for scholarship. At the age of eighteen 
he was teaching in the winter and in the 
summer working on the homestead farm. 
Across the quiet tenor of his life, as 
across that of the entire country, there 
broke in 1861 the calamity of civil strife, 
and in July, 1862, when twenty-two 
years old, he enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany A, One Hundred and Twenty-first 
Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteer In- 
fantry. Pennsylvania came very near 
losing one of its leading attorneys and 
judges when at the battle of Fredericks- 
burg, December 13, 1862, this young man 
was carried off the field with one 
arm shot away and a bullet in his knee. 
For a long time it was supposed that his 
injuries were fatal, but his splendid 
health, which was a heritage of his farm- 
ing life and a naturally strong constitu- 
tion, brought him through and he was 
honorably discharged from the army in 
April, 1863. He returned at once to 
Pleasantville, and desiring to continue his 
studies entered the Edenboro Normal 
College. He acquired during his school- 
ing a habit of study which never left him 
during his entire life, and he became a 
most eminent scholar and a recognized 
authority on more than one subject. His 
natural capabilities and his experiences in 
the war brought him considerably into 
public notice, and in 1864 he was elected 
a justice of the peace, holding that office 
during that and the following year. His 



next office was that of treasurer of Ven- 
ango county, to which he was elected in 
1867, and which he held with a marked 
degree of efficiency for two years. He 
was appointed United States deputy col- 
lector of internal revenue in 1871, where- 
upon he removed to Oil City, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Previously, during his residence in 
Pleasantville, he took up the study of law 
in the office of the Hon. M. C. Beebe, and 
under the preceptorship of that able attor- 
ney pursued his studies to such good pur- 
pose that he was admitted to the bar of 
Venango county in 1875, an d at once 
began practice there. Four years later he 
removed to Smethport, McKean county, 
Pennsylvania, which from that time until 
the close of his life was his permanent 
home. Here he built up a most success- 
ful practice, and very soon became recog- 
nized as one of the leaders of the bar in 
that section of the State. In the year 
1887 he was appointed additional law 
judge of the judicial district, then com- 
posed of the counties of McKean and 
Potter. His appointment was made to 
fill a vacancy on the bench in that dis- 
trict, but it was confirmed on November 
30, 1887, when he was elected to that 
responsible office for a ten-year term. In 
1897, after the division of the counties, 
he was reelected for a second term of 
ten years, but never completed it, as in 
the year 1903 he was appointed by Gov- 
ernor William H. Stone, of Pennsylvania, 
to fill a vacancy in the Superior Court of 
Pennsylvania. Once more his appoint- 
ment was confirmed at the following elec- 
tion, when he began the duties of this 
high office, the term of service being for 
ten years, and he retired from the bench 
of the Superior Court in 1914. In addi- 
tion to his noteworthy services on the 
bench and before the bar of Pennsyl- 
vania, Judge Morrison was also an active 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



member of the various legal societies of 
county, State and country, and was 
always a conspicuous figure in all move- 
ments undertaken to advance the inter- 
est and establish the ideals of the legal 
profession. Judge Morrison was through- 
out his life a staunch member of the Re- 
publican party, and although by no 
means a politician in the modern sense of 
the word, was regarded as one of its 
leaders in the State. He never severed 
the associations formed by him during 
the Civil War, and was for many years 
prominent in Grand Army circles in 
Pennsylvania. 

Judge Morrison married, March 31, 
1870, Helen S. Gardner, a native of North 
Wethersfield, New York, born July 7, 
1850, a daughter of John and Hannah 
Elizabeth (Stevens) Gardner, old and 
honored residents of that place. Mrs. 
Morrison is a member of a very old fam- 
ily which came from the North of Ire- 
land in the person of Nelson Gardner and 
settled in the Rhode Island district some 
time about the period of the Revolution. 
He later removed to North Wethersfield, 
New York, where he died. Mrs. Mor- 
rison was thirteen years of age when she 
accompanied her parents from her home 
at North Wethersfield to Warsaw, New 
York, where she resided until her mar- 
riage with Judge Morrison. Through her 
distinguished ancestry, which dated back 
to Colonial times, she is a member of 
the Colonial Dames of America, and she 
is also a member of the Patriotic Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution by the 
right of several of her forebears who 
fought in that momentous struggle. To 
Judge and Mrs. Morrison the following 
children were born: 1. Mary Elizabeth, 
born October 8, 1874, in Pleasantville, 
Pennsylvania ; educated in the high 
school of Smethport; married, April 18, 
1894, Samuel E. Bell, and they are the 



parents of two children : Morrison Don- 
ovan and Mortimer Elliott. 2. Thomas 
H., born March 11, 1877, in Pleasantville, 
Pennsylvania ; a graduate of Williams 
College, and now a practicing attorney 
of Smethport, where he married, June 18, 
1904, Maud Davis, of Bradford, and they 
have one child, Thomas F. Judge 
Thomas A. Morrison died August 26, 
1916, at Kane Hospital, after undergoing 
a surgical operation. 

At Smethport, Pennsylvania, January 
2, 1917, in special term of Common Pleas 
Court, the time was devoted to memorial 
exercises for the late Hon. Thomas A. 
Morrison. Hon. R. B. Stone, chairman 
on behalf of the committee, presented the 
following memorial which was unani- 
mously adopted : 

Whereas, Hon. Thomas A. Morrison, a dis- 
tinguished member of this bar, on the 26th of 
August, 1916, in the borough of Kane, at the age 
of seventy-six years, following a critical surgical 
operation, surrounded by the members of his 
family, reached the close of his life. 

Be it Resolved, That the members of the bar 
of McKean county, prompted by their personal 
regard for Judge Morrison, begotten through 
long professional association, and by their recog- 
nition, in common with their brethren through- 
out the Commonwealth, of his public services on 
the bench and at the bar, place with sorrow this 
tribute upon the minutes of the Court at which 
he one time practiced, and over which he so long 
presided. * * * The life of Judge Morrison 
exemplified the ideals designed to be attained 
under our system of government. To have 
earned his way to manhood without the aids of 
wealth and influence, to have shed his blood in 
defense of his country ; to have won, step by 
step, the confidence of his fellow citizens in the 
administration of civil offices ; to have chosen a 
profession which, for distinction, without institu- 
tional aid required close mental application, reen- 
forced by an unflinching will : to have achieved 
success in it; to have met the discharge of judi- 
cial functions in both lower and higher courts, 
demanding not only a ready knowledge of prece- 
dents, but a comprehensive grasp of ruling prin- 
ciples and a keen power of analysis, with such 
high credit as to have merited unreserved recog- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



nition from his learned associates, and wide 
appreciation from members of the legal profes- 
sion; this record is so clear and complete that 
it may well stand for an example, not only to 
students in the profession to which we belong, 
but to the youth of the Commonwealth at large, 
whatever the pursuit they may have chosen to 
follow. 

Now at this hour, we recall with fraternal ten- 
derness the personality of him whom we have 
met to honor, his courtesy, his good cheer, his 
sense of honor, his civic spirit, and as we record 
this testimonial, we resolve to cherish long his 
memory and his example. 

Hon. R. B. Stone, of Bradford, chair- 
man of the memorial committee, is one 
of the few surviving practitioners at the 
McKean county bar who occupied that 
relation on the advent of Judge Mor- 
rison as a member. Following the read- 
ing of the committee report and the read- 
ing of letters of regret, Mr. Stone spoke 
as follows, disclosing the remarkably fine 
elements of the deceased jurist's char- 
acter: 

In moving the adoption of the resolutions, my 
memory goes back to the time when Judge Mor- 
rison came to the bar here. Our calendars were 
crowded with questions of title and tenure and 
various important controversies arising out of 
the oil and lumber industries. Many lawyers of 
distinguished ability from term to term were 
in attendance. It is not improbable that there 
were gathered here at a single term more law- 
yers of note than were ever at one time before 
any other court in this Commonwealth. It was 
in such a field of professional distinction that 
Judge Morrison won a recognized position at the 

His predominant trait as indicated by the let- 
ters which I have read, was his courage of con- 
viction. I would add to that a native instinct 
manifested in his intercourse with his profes- 
sional brethren and generally with his fellow- 
men, to stand in the open. I have chosen this 
particular place in the court room from which to 
present the report of the committee because it 
was his habit to stand here when submitting a 
motion or petition. He said to the lawyers about 
him : "I intend that every member of the bar 
as well as the Court, shall hear distinctly what- 
ever I have to present." Do you remember how 



one day he brought to the bench a batch of let- 
ters written to him for or against an applicant 
for license and with what scathing reproof he 
directed them to be filed? 

There was no back door to his judicial cham- 
bers. He took no dark lantern for any object that 
he sought. If he desired the support of an influ- 
ential friend he wrote a letter. But in all his 
correspondence, published or unpublished, there 
was not a single assurance, expressed or implied, 
of any official favor. No judge was ever freer 
than he from such an imputation. 

In political life he was outspoken. He regarded 
certain cardinal policies as essential to the wel- 
fare of the country and he believed in the autoc- 
racy of the organization formed for their sup- 
port. To many of us the political machine has 
seemed in its operation like that act of the Brit- 
ish Parliament of the seventeenth century enti- 
tled "An Act to abolish differences of opinion." 
No man, however, could say that he ever lost the 
personal friendship of Judge Morrison through 
an honest disagreement. 

I called upon him at the hospital a few days 
before his death. I had learned that his condi- 
tion was critical. The skill of the distinguished 
surgeon could do no more. But I had heard of 
marvelous recoveries through some miracle of 
the human will. And upon leaving I said to him : 
"You must be heroic, Judge, as you were upon 
the battlefield." He smiled in response and in 
his smile was a promise but the miracle was not 
to be wrought. 

In what little Judge Morrison may have ever 
said or written in his own behalf, by no word 
or letter did he ever use as an argument his 
empty sleeve. It was a dumb witness to his 
love of country, his devotion to the flag of the 
Union, his sacrifice for the freedom of the slave. 



HAMMOND, James H., 

Manufacturer. 

Pittsburgh's supremacy is the result of 
various causes, chief among which is the 
unsurpassed quality of her business men 
of the younger generation. Among this 
class is James H. Hammond, chairman 
and director of the Superior Steel Corpor- 
ation. Mr. Hammond is closely identi- 
fied not only with the manufacturing, but 
also with the financial, philanthropic and 
social interests of Pittsburgh. 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



William John Hammond, father of 
James H. Hammond, was born at Grove 
Hill, Moira, County Down, Ireland, June 
26, 1832, son of John Hammond. Mr. 
Hammond came to Pittsburgh in 1858, 
and married Mary A. Riddle. Mrs. Ham- 
mond's death occurred on December 25, 
1905, and Mr. Hammond died December 
6, 1917. 

James H. Hammond, son of William 
John and Mary A. (Riddle) Hammond, 
was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
March 13, 1868. His education was 
received in public schools. After its 
completion he entered business life, and 
after being variously engaged in manu- 
facturing lines, in 1892, became president 
and director of the Superior Steel Com- 
pany, one of the largest steel manufac- 
turing concerns of the Pittsburgh Dis- 
trict. In 1917 this company became the 
Superior Steel Corporation, and Mr. 
Hammond was elected chairman and 
director of the new company. The suc- 
cess of the company has been due, in 
part, to the aggressiveness of its presi- 
dent. 

In politics, Mr. Hammond is identified 
with the Republicans, and while concen- 
trating his attention on the business 
interests directly under his control, he 
has been loyal in his support of all meas- 
ures calculated to benefit the city and pro- 
mote its rapid and substantial develop- 
ment. He is actively interested in many 
forms of philanthropic and charitable 
work, and is a member of the Shadyside 
Presbyterian Church. Of social nature, 
Mr. Hammond holds membership in 
many clubs, among them the Duquesne, 
Pittsburgh Country and University, and 
the Pittsburgh Athletic Association. 

On March 31, 1891, Mr. Hammond 
married Alice Grace, daughter of Joseph 
Sidney and Hannah Alice (Slater) Sea- 
man, of Pittsburgh. Mr. Seaman, who is 



one of the best known of the Pittsburgh 
manufacturers, is represented on another 
page of this work. Mr. and Mrs. Ham- 
mond are the parents of the following 
children: Alice Riddle and James Sid- 
ney. 

Men of the type of James H. Hammond 
seem like incarnations of the spirit of the 
twentieth century, and especially of the 
city of Pittsburgh — high-minded and 
honorable, and ever in the van of pro- 
gress. It is these men who are laying 
the foundations of the city of the future. 



PRICE, William Sampson, 

Lawyer, Esteemed Citizen. 

Conspicuous among the brightest and 
best of the members of the Philadelphia 
bar was the late William S. Price, who 
for almost three-quarters of a century 
was in active practice in the Quaker City. 

William Sampson Price was born in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, August 19, 
1817, son of William H. and Margaret 
(Palmer) Price. William H. Price and 
Margaret Palmer, his wife, were from 
Birmingham, England. His education 
was received in the private schools of his 
city, and he then entered the newspaper 
business, in which he achieved fame as 
a writer of editorials which left no doubt 
whatever of the writer's intent and pur- 
poses. He was variously associated with 
James G. Bennett in Philadelphia news- 
papers, and was before this editor of the 
"Daily Chronicle," and "Scott's Weekly.'' 
Deciding to make law his profession, he 
studied with Edward & Ingraham, was 
admitted to the bar of Philadelphia, in 
the early "forties," and opened offices at 
No. 3 Mercantile Library building. Li- 
brary street (now Sansom street), where 
he was associated with Morton McMich- 
ael, who was afterwards mayor of Phil- 
adelphia. Later Mr. Price had offices on 




' . 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Walnut street, near Seventh, which he 
maintained for nearly fifty years. He 
then moved a few squares away, where 
he was in active practice until the time 
of his death. During his many years as a 
lawyer, Mr. Price was engaged in many 
famous law cases, and the prominent law- 
yers of his day were among his friends 
and associates. The first case to bring 
him into prominence shortly after his 
admission to the bar was the famous 
"Singleton-Mercer" murder trial, in which 
he was associated with Robert Brown, 
one of the legal luminaries of the day, 
and his securing the acquittal of the 
accused in this case brought him much 
prominence in legal circles. His man- 
ner of conducting a case was character- 
istic. He studied and understood it, 
formulated his theory of it with great 
accuracy, developed it quietly and thor- 
oughly and submitted it in simple, lucid 
terms. Power of application and concen- 
tration, lucidity of thought and expres- 
sion, were his best intellectual assets, and 
brought him into prominence among the 
foremost men in his profession, not only 
in Philadelphia, but throughout the State, 
as well as New York. In later years Mr. 
Price was known as a consulting attor- 
ney, and also had charge of a la"rge num- 
ber of estates. 

In politics, William S. Price was first 
a Whig and later a Democrat. In 1855 he 
declined nomination for Congress on the 
Republican ticket, and in 1870 was elected 
associate judge of the District Court on 
the Democratic ticket, but by political 
trickery was counted out. To every 
measure which he felt conserved the 
interest of good government he gave 
loyal support, and his charities were 
numerous but unostentatious. He was 
one of the founders of the old Common- 
wealth Club, and was a member of the 
Penn Club, Young Men's Democratic 
Association, and many other organiza- 



tions. For many years he was chancel- 
lor of the Episcopal diocese of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

With a luminous and vigorous intel- 
lect, William S. Price combined a most 
winning personality. His friendships 
were not confined to men of his profes- 
sion alone, and among others he was a 
close friend of the famous Edgar Allen 
Poe, and other leading minds of the day. 
He also cherished the close friendship of 
Charles Dickens, whom he met upon the 
first visit to America of that novelist. It 
was said of him that "he was as true as 
steel and as pure as gold," and one glance 
at his countenance would confirm the 
statement. It was a face of mingled 
strength and refinement, a face radiant 
with kindness and good will. 

On May 19, 1846, Mr. Price married 
Sarah A. Jones, and they were the par- 
ents of the following children : William 
Henry, attorney, whose death occurred 
in 1894; and Mary E., who became the 
wife of Mortimer H. Brown. Mrs. Brown 
is active in philanthropic work in Phila- 
delphia, and was for a number of years 
president of the Charlotte Cushman Club. 
The death of Mrs. William S. Price 
occurred October 31, 1900. 

The years of William Sampson Price 
were prolonged far beyond the traditional 
limit of human life. When past the 
ninety-fifth anniversary of his birth he 
closed his career of usefulness and honor, 
breathing his last, December 17, 1912, at 
his home in Philadelphia. The record of 
his work forms part of the history of the 
bar of the Keystone State, and in it his 
name stands as that of a patriotic citizen 
and a learned counsellor. 



SIEBERT, William, 

Business Man, Public Official. 

The commercial prosperity of Pitts- 
burgh, like that of every other great city, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



has always depended upon the ability and 
integrity of her business men, and both 
the past and the present abundantly 
prove that the metropolis of Pennsyl- 
vania has been richly blessed in this class 
of her citizens. In their foremost ranks 
for over a quarter of a century stood the 
late William Siebert, of the widely known 
firm of W. & P. Siebert, one of the large 
grocery houses of Pittsburgh. 

John Siebert, son of William Siebert, 
and founder of the American branch of 
the family, was born in Sieberthausen of 
Rodenburgh, near Hesse Cassel city, Ger- 
many, and on June 4, 1836, embarked in 
a sailing vessel for the United States, 
landing in Baltimore, Maryland, Septem- 
ber 3, same year, whence he made his 
way with his sons, Christian and Wil- 
liam, to Pittsburgh. They made their 
way in Conestoga wagons and arrived in 
Pittsburgh, October 3, 1836. John Sie- 
bert was twice married. His first wife 
bore him one child, Barthel, who was 
born in 181 1, and became a resident of 
Allegheny county. The second wife of 
John Siebert was Annie Kunigunde, born 
in Bebra, Germany, daughter of George 
Krapp. Children of John and Annie 
Kunigunde (Krapp) Siebert: William; 
George ; Christian ; William, see below ; 
Susan, wife of Adam Brown ; Paul ; 
Elizabeth ; Barbara, wife of John Devitt ; 
Barnard ; Sarah, wife of W illiam Pfusch ; 
and John. 

William Siebert, son of John and Annie 
Kunigunde (Krapp) Siebert, was born 
June 21, 1822, in Germany, and was but 
fourteen years old when he came with his 
parents from his native land. He was 
variously employed in Pittsburgh, and 
for a time worked on the canal express 
line running from Pittsburgh to Johns- 
town. In the autumn of 1846 he estab- 
lished himself in the retail grocery busi- 
ness, being the first to open what was 



called a family grocery store in Pittsburgh, 
and one wherein no liquors were allowed to 
be sold. His store was situated in the old 
Fifth (later the Ninth and now the Sixth) 
Ward, and after a time he took as a part- 
ner his brother, Paul Siebert, when the 
firm became known as W. & P. Siebert. 
The connection was maintained until 
1863, when Paul Siebert retired and set- 
tled in Ross township, and William con- 
tinued the business until 1872, when he 
retired also, spending the remainder of 
his life mainly in looking after his own 
interests, although for some years he was 
in the livery business, having as his part- 
ner a Mr. Joseph Mitchell. The record 
of William Siebert as a business man is 
free from the slightest blemish. His 
integrity was never questioned, and he 
was a just and kind employer. In all con- 
cerns relative to the city's welfare, Mr. 
Siebert took a deep interest. He served 
as councilman for two or three terms. In 
politics he was a Republican. Mr. Sie- 
bert at the time of his death was the old- 
est member of the Canal Boatman's Asso- 
ciation. He was a member of the Grant 
Street Lutheran Church, and no good 
work done in the name of charity or relig- 
ion sought his aid in vain. Few men 
enjoyed to a greater degree the warm 
effection and high regard of their fellow- 
citizens. 

William Siebert married, October 17, 
1844, m Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Mary, 
daughter of Joseph and Anna (Gesch- 
windt) Zimmerman, and their children 
were : Albert, a Lutheran minister, of 
Germantown, Ohio ; Francis Virginia, 
widow of W. W. Wattles, of Pittsburgh ; 
Catharine, widow of Joseph G. Lambie, 
of Glen Osborne, a suburb of Pittsburgh ; 
Elizabeth R., of Pittsburgh ; and William 
P., whose biography and portrait are 
elsewhere in this work. The death of 
Mrs. William Siebert occurred March 10, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1912. William Siebert was a man to 
whom the ties of family and friendship 
were sacred, and never was he so content 
as when surrounded by the members of 
his household. 

The death of William Siebert, which 
occurred August 18, 190S, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one of her most influential citi- 
zens, one who had ever studied her wel- 
fare and labored for her prosperity. He 
left a record of a life singularly complete 
and a name that had ever stood as a 
synonym for all that is enterprising in 
business and progressive in citizenship. 
The old-time business men of Pittsburgh 
are still warmly cherished in the memor- 
ies of many, and none is more vividly 
recalled than William Siebert. His rec- 
ord forms part of the annals of his city. 



BOWMAN, Franklin Meyer, 

Manufacturer. 

Franklin Meyer Bowman, vice-presi- 
dent and director of the Blaw-Knox Com- 
pany, steel manufacturers, is numbered 
among that group of aggressive young 
business men who are to-day maintaining 
the prestige of Pittsburgh as an industrial 
centre. 

Franklin Meyer Bowman was born in 
Freeport, Waterloo county, Canada, Sep- 
tember 2, 1870, son of Isaac L. and Eliz- 
abeth (Meyer) Bowman. Isaac L. Bow- 
man, who was a student of Oberlin Col- 
lege from 1851 to 1856, was for some 
years engaged in academic work in Can- 
ada, and later a surveyor and engineer. 
Franklin M. Bowman was educated in 
the schools of his section and at Berlin 
High School (now Kitchener Collegiate 
Institute) Waterloo county Canada. He 
later attended the School of Practical 
Sciences, Toronto University, graduating 
in 1890, with degree of Civil Engineer, 
and being first scholarship man. He then 
spent one year in Government land sur- 



veying, and one year with the Pennsyl- 
vania Steel Company. In 1891 he became 
connected with the Riter-Conley Manu- 
facturing Company, of Pittsburgh, as 
structural engineer, later becoming direc- 
tor and secretary, and remained with 
them until 1912. He had charge of all 
the structural work of this immense con- 
cern, known throughout the world, and 
was located at their Allegheny plant. In 
1912 Mr. Bowman came to the Blaw 
Steel Construction Company of Pitts- 
burgh as vice-president and director, 
which offices he held until this concern 
was merged with the Knox Pressed & 
Welded Steel Company, the new com- 
pany being known as the Blaw-Knox 
Company. Of this company Mr. Bow- 
man is vice-president and director. He 
was for many years before its merger 
officially connected with the Knox 
Pressed & Welded Steel Company. 

In politics Mr. Bowman is a Repub- 
lican, and while living in Bellevue, Penn- 
sylvania (a suburb of Pittsburgh) was 
for four years a member of its Council, 
and also was president of Council for a 
term, and was for years on its Board of 
Health. He is a member of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church. Of social nature, 
Mr. Bowman is a member of a number of 
clubs, among them being the Duquesne, 
University, Westmoreland Country and 
Old Colony of Pittsburgh. He is also a 
member of the Engineers' Society of 
Western Pennsylvania, the American So- 
ciety of Mechanical Engineers, American 
Iron and Steel Institute, and the Ameri- 
can Chapter, Toronto University Alumni 
Association. Fraternally he is affiliated 
with the Masonic order. 

On August 14, 1895, Mr. Bowman mar- 
ried Ida C, daughter of R. A. Cameron, 
and granddaughter of Lewis O. Cameron, 
of Bellevue, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Bow- 
man is descended from the old Cameron 
family of Pennsylvania, her grandfather 



23 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



being a cousin of Don C. Cameron, who 
was for years United States Senator from 
Pennsylvania, and a son of Simon Cam- 
eron, member of the Cabinet of President 
Lincoln. Mr. and Mrs. Bowman have a 
handsome home in the East End, Pitts- 
burgh, and are fond of entertaining. 

The foregoing is a very brief and ex- 
tremely imperfect outline of the career 
thus far of Franklin Meyer Bowman. A 
more detailed account would, however, 
be almost if not quite superfluous, for the 
reason that his record of a quarter of a 
century and upward is now incorporated 
in the business annals of his city. May 
it receive, in the years to come, the addi- 
tion of many more chapters. 



SMITH, Stanley, 

Ophthalmologist. 

The universal trend has been for many 
years in the direction of specialization, 
and in the medical profession the tend- 
ency has been particularly marked. The 
specialists of Pittsburgh are noted for 
the ability and thoroughness manifested 
in their work, and none of them, in his 
own department, stands higher than Dr. 
Stanley Smith, Assistant Professor on 
the Eye and Ear Staff of the University 
of Pittsburgh. Though Dr. Smith has 
practised as a specialist for only a dozen 
years, he is already regarded as one of 
the representative ophthalmologists of 
Western Pennsylvania. 

Dr. Stanley Smith was born January 7, 
1874, in Warren county, Pennsylvania, 
and is a son of Enos F. and Rosamond 
(Gelso) Smith. He was educated in local 
public schools and at Kiskiminetas Acad- 
emy, and early chose for his life-work the 
profession of medicine. He was fitted for 
this at Jefferson Medical College, Phila- 
delphia, graduating from that institution 
in 1896, with the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine. After serving for a year and 



a half as interne in the Allegheny Gen- 
eral Hospital, Dr. Smith entered upon the 
general practice of his profession in Pitts- 
burgh and spent seven years in the 
acquisition of much valuable experience 
and in building up an enviable reputation 
for knowledge, skill and devotion to duty. 
At the end of this period, however, feel- 
ing a desire for still more thorough equip- 
ment than was already his, he took a 
course of post-graduate work in the Wills 
Eye' Hospital and the Polyclinic and Ger- 
man Hospitals of Philadelphia. In 1903 
he returned to Pittsburgh, where he has 
ever since practised as an ophthalmolog- 
ist, having an extensive clientele and 
occupying a leading position. He has 
been Assistant Professor on the Eye and 
Ear Staff of the University of Pittsburgh, 
and has occupied the same position on 
the staff of the Carnegie Technical In- 
stitute. 

Chief among the well merited honors 
which the years have brought to Dr. 
Smith is that of fellowship in the Ameri- 
can College of Surgeons. He also belongs 
to the Pittsburgh Academy of Medicine, 
the Pittsburgh Ophthalmological Society, 
the American Ophthalmological and La- 
ryngological Society, the American Med- 
ical Association, the Pennsylvania State 
Medical Association and the Allegheny 
County Medical Society. The pen of Dr. 
Smith is active in the interests of his pro- 
fession, and the articles which he contri- 
butes from time to time to medical jour- 
nals are widely read and receive much 
favorable comment. The political prin- 
ciples of Dr. Smith are those advocated 
by the Democratic party. He is a thirty- 
second degree Mason and belongs to the 
University, Civic, Pittsburgh Press and 
Pittsburgh Field clubs. He attends the 
Shady Side Presbyterian Church. 

Deeply read in his profession and 
rarely skillful in the application of his 
knowledge, Dr. Smith combines the 




a//// '/ • y'fj/u /■ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



essential qualities of the student and the 
practitioner. His career, in its entirety, 
has thus far been associated with Pitts- 
burgh, and one of his salient character- 
istics is a loyal love for the city of his 
adoption. Identified with a number of 
her leading institutions, he has rendered 
in all of them able and disinterested serv- 
ice, one not already mentioned being the 
Pittsburgh Eye and Ear Hospital. The 
number of his friends it would be impos- 
sible to compute, for his nature is thor- 
oughly genial and both in and out of his 
profession he draws men to him. He is 
a man of fine appearance, tall, well built 
and athletic, with a face expressive of 
strength and refinement, and the clear, 
searching eye which indicates the close 
observer and the deep thinker. Every- 
thing about him marks him for what he 
is — the physician and the gentleman. 

Dr. Smith married, April 23, 1902, So- 
phia, daughter of Charles A. and Eliza- 
beth (Rogers) Lovens, of Franklin, Penn- 
sylvania. Mrs. Smith, a woman of win- 
ning personality, is an ardent suffragist, 
and both she and her husband enjoy a 
high degree of social popularity, their 
charming home in the East End being a 
center of attraction for their many friends. 

"Forward" has ever been the motto of 
Pittsburgh — the motto not only of her 
manufacturers and capitalists, but also of 
her professional men, her scientists and 
her brain-workers. Most emphatically 
has it been the motto of her medical fra- 
ternity, and while that body numbers 
among its members such men as Dr. 
Stanley Smith most assuredly it will con- 
tinue to be so. 



FISHER, John C, 

Pioneer in Oil Industry. 

The oil industry of Pennsylvania con- 
stitutes one of the bulwarks of her 



strength and is among the chief reser- 
voirs of her power. The men who first 
developed its resources helped to lay the 
foundation of the present phenomenal 
prosperity of the Keystone State, and as 
we revert in thought to the days of those 
pioneers we find dominant among them 
the late John C. Fisher, for many years a 
commanding figure in the oil fields of 
Pennsylvania. In the latter part of his 
life Mr. Fisher became identified with the 
Scientific Materials Company, serving as 
president of this concern up to the time 
of his death. It is worthy of note that 
in assuming this office Mr. Fisher identi- 
fied himself with the business of his 
ancestors, the manufacture of scientific 
instruments, conducting it as a resident 
of Pittsburgh, his native city, which was 
always his home and the center of his 
interests. , 

Jacob Fischer (as the name was orig- 
inally spelled), grandfather of John C. 
Fisher, was a famous astronomer and 
manufacturer of astronomical instru- 
ments in Wurtemberg, Germany, genera- 
tions of his ancestors having been en- 
gaged in the same business. 

Gottlieb Fischer, son of Jacob Fischer, 
was also of Wurtemberg, Germany, and 
adhered to the traditions of his family by 
carrying on the business of manufactur- 
ing astronomical instruments. Realizing 
the larger opportunities presented by the 
New World he came to the United States, 
making his home in Pittsburgh, where 
he married Christine Schall, a native of 
Stuttgart, Germany. Mr. Fischer was 
accompanied to the United States by his 
brother Jacob, who married a sister of 
Christine Schall. These two brothers 
were the only members of the family to 
leave their native land. 

John C. Fisher, son of Gottlieb and 
Christine (Schall) Fischer, was born No- 
vember 17, 1841, in Allegheny (now 



25 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



North Side, Pittsburgh), and received his 
early education in local schools. When 
he was on the verge of manhood and the 
outbreak of the Civil War summoned all 
loyal, able-bodied citizens to the defense 
of the Union, John C. Fisher was among 
the first to respond. At the age of 
twenty-one he enlisted in Company C, 
One Hundred and Twenty-third Regiment 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served in 
the battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg 
and others, retiring with an honorable 
record. 

On his return to civil life, Mr. Fisher 
associated himself with the oil industry, 
then in the stage of incipiency, proving 
by his success that he possessed excep- 
tional ability. He was among the first 
to bring oil in barges from Oil City and 
the vicinity and was active in the boating 
of oil on the Allegheny river, transport- 
ing it in bulk and thus revolutionizing 
the method of its conveyance. He was 
commodore of a fleet operating during the 
early period of the industry, and in those 
days took down the river, in the space of 
one year, more tonnage than the entire 
yearly tonnage of the Allegheny river 
to-day. For years Mr. Fisher was a mem- 
ber of the Fisher Oil Company, and served 
on the board of directors of the Birming- 
ham Traction Company. He was presi- 
dent of the old Chartiers Valley Water 
Company, which has always furnished 
water to the South Side, the corporation 
having been originally formed to supply 
that part of the city as well as Knoxville, 
South Hills and other neighborhoods. 
This company supplied the first filtered 
water in the Pittsburgh district. Mr. 
Fisher withdrew from active connection 
with the concern when they sold out to 
the South Pittsburgh Water Company 
which to-day furnishes water to the 
South Side, Knoxville, South Hills and 
other places, operating under the charter 
of the old Chartiers Valley Water Com- 



pany. After boating oil down the Alle- 
gheny river, Air. Fisher built a refinery, 
but operated it for a short time only, 
disposing of it to the Standard Oil Com- 
pany. He was at one time in business 
with the late Joseph Craig, but the con- 
nection was dissolved in consequence of 
the greater conservation of Mr. Fisher's 
ideas. The two were always the very 
best of friends, despite the fact that their 
business policies were different. 

In 1902, Chester G. Fisher, Mr. Fish- 1 
er's son, founded the Scientific Materials 
Company, the older man being elected to 
the office of president. The concern 
became one of the leading organizations 
in its particular line and, while Mr. Fisher 
was not active in the business, he always 
gave to its affairs vigilant oversight and 
constant attention. There could have 
been no more striking proof of the fact 
than that he retained unimpaired the 
powerful intellect and indomitable energy 
which had given him his commanding 
station in the business world. 

In public affairs, both local and na- 
tional, Mr. Fisher ever manifested the 
keenest interest; and no movement hav- 
ing for its object the improvement of 
conditions in his native city appealed to 
him in vain. He was one of the early 
members of the Chamber of Commerce, ; 
and at the time of his death was the last 
original member of the Pittsburgh Stock 
Exchange, having assisted in the forma- 
tion of that body when it took the place 
of the oil exchange. He had been a life t 
member of the latter organization, and 
retained his seat in the Stock Exchange 
until 1910, when he sold it for ten thou- 
sand dollars, the second highest price 
ever paid for a seat in the Pittsburgh 
Stock Exchange. 

A man of broad views and sympathetic 
nature, Mr. Fisher's influence and aid 
were not limited by race or creed. He 
was one of the staunchest supporters of 



26 




£M&2VU^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



colored schools in the South. In appear- 
ance he was decidedly handsome, his fea- 
tures being clear-cut and virile. He was 
a man of jovial disposition, nimble wit 
and a rare sense of humor. The frequent 
twinkle of his eye was ample evidence 
of the natural mirth which was ever bub- 
bling forth in his expressions. Always 
ready with a joke, he was an excellent, 
even an enthusiastic, listener. Accom- 
plishing much with little friction he 
sometimes overcame opposition by his 
sincerity and geniality. His kindness and 
unassuming friendliness attracted all who 
approached him and surrounded him with 
warmly-attached associates and neigh- 
bors. 

Mr. Fisher married. January 28, 1869, 
Mary, daughter of Charles and Salome 
(Sterner) Weber, of Pittsburgh, and they 
became the parents of the following chil- 
dren : John F., of Tulsa, Oklahoma ; 
Chester G., vice-president of the Scienti- 
fic Materials Company ; Mary F., wife of 
George A. Harwood; Edwin H., treas- 
urer of the Scientific Materials Company ; 
and Amelia C. Mrs. Fisher, a woman of 
attractive personality, is a true home- 
maker, and her husband, whose affections 
and interests all centered in his house- 
hold, never found any allurements to 
rival those of his own fireside. 

On September 15, 1916, Mr. Fisher 
passed away, in the seventy-fifth year of 
his age. Men of every class deeply 
mourned for him. He left to his children 
the priceless heritage of an upright life 
and an unsullied name. 

In his youth a gallant defender of the 
Union; in his early life one of the pion- 
eers of a great industry; in his maturer 
years the head and guiding hand in a con- 
cern representing the vocation followed 
by his ancestors for generations. Such 
is the record of John C. Fisher. Could 
there be one more worthy? 



NIEMANN, Herman H., 

Financier, Merchant. 

To her business men of the older gen- 
eration, the Pittsburgh of to-day owes an 
incalculable debt. They it was who laid 
deep and strong the foundations on which 
has arisen the city which is now the won- 
der of the industrial world. None among 
these noble Pittsburghers of the past 
labored more strenuously for the pros- 
perity of this city than did the late Her- 
man H. Niemann, head of the well-known 
firm of H. H. Niemann & Company. As 
financier, merchant and man of affairs, 
Mr. Niemann was for many years closely 
and prominently identified with the best 
interests of the Iron City. 

Herman H. Niemann was born in 
Bramsche, Province of Hanover, Ger- 
many, February 24, 1832, son of Rudolph 
and Jane (Hempes) Niemann. When he 
was but eight years of age his father died, 
leaving a family of six. The wife and 
mother remained in Germany until her 
children received their education, and 
and then emigrated to America, locating 
in Pittsburgh. Here Herman H. Nie- 
mann was apprenticed to a tailor, and so 
well did he apply himself that at the age 
of twenty-one he started a merchant tail- 
oring establishment of his own, which 
was continued until within a few years 
before his death. He was considered one 
of the pioneers in his line of business in 
Pittsburgh, and showed himself to be 
possessed of that resolute, persevering 
industry, sound and accurate judgment 
which seldom fail to command success in 
any sphere of action. 

Mr. Niemann was actively interested in 
a number of Pittsburgh concerns, among 
them being the Fifth Avenue Bank, of 
which he was president for nineteen 
years; was president of the German- 
American Insurance Company of Pitts- 



27 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



burgh ; for eight years was president of 
the Canonsburg Iron & Steel Company, 
and later president of the Parkersburg 
Iron & Steel Company of West Virginia ; 
and a charter member of the Germania 
Savings Bank and member of its board of 
directors for many years. He was also a 
charter member of the German National 
Bank, and served on its board of direc- 
tors for more than thirty years, then 
resigned from its directorate. 

Although Mr. Niemann was, all his life, 
too busy a man to take any active part in 
politics, he was ever keenly alive to the 
affairs of the city, and was recognized as 
a vigilant and attentive observer of men 
and measures. He affiliated with the Re- 
publicans. At all times he stood as an 
able exponent of the spirit of the age in 
his efforts to promote progress and im- 
provement, making wise use of his oppor- 
tunities and his wealth, and conforming 
his life to a high standard. He was a 
member of the German Lutheran church. 
Of fine personal appearance, he possessed 
a genial, social nature, untouched by mal- 
ice or uncharitableness, was most loyal 
to his friends, and had a kind word and a 
smile for everyone. 

Mr. Niemann married, July n, 1861, 
Martha, daughter of George and Eliza- 
beth (Horning) Flowers, of Baldwin 
township, Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania. By this marriage Mr. Niemann 
gained the companionship of a congenial 
woman and worthy helpmate in his aspira- 
tions and endeavors. The death of Mrs. 
Niemann occurred December 20, 1914. 
Mr. and Mrs. Niemann were the parents 
of two sons : Adolphus Edward and 
Charles Franklin. Mr. Niemann was a 
man of most domestic tastes, and was 
never happier than when surrounded by 
the members of his family. , 

Herman H. Niemann died May 15, 
1904, leaving the memory of a life honor- 



able in purpose, fearless in conduct and 
beneficent toward all. Faithful to every 
duty, his name a synonym for success, 
recognizing and fulfilling to the letter 
his obligations to his fellowmen, Pitts- 
burgh lost in him one of her most valued 
citizens. His death called forth many 
expressions of appreciation. A Pitts- 
burgh paper said, in part : 

In the death of Herman H. Niemann the com- 
munity lost one of its most valued and public- 
spirited citizens, and the church a member whose 
place will be hard to fill. / 

From a "In Memoriam," adopted by 
the Germania Savings Bank, we quote the 
following extract : 

A quiet, unassuming man of devout Christian 
character, he was true to his highest standard of 
uprightness and integrity ; benevolent and chari- 
table in disposition ; open-handed in beneficence, 
ever ready to assist those in need, he was justly 
entitled to the respect and honor of all whose 
privilege it was to know him]// 

There are some men the simple story of 
whose lives is at once a record and a 
eulogy. High on the list of this noble 
class in Pittsburgh stands the name of 
Herman H. Niemann. 

(The Flowers Line). 

George Flowers, great-grandfather of 
Mrs. Herman H. Niemann, was a mer- 
chant of Philadelphia, residing on the cor- 
ner of Race and Eighth streets. The 
name of his wife was Hannah. 

Jacob Flowers, son of George and Han- 
nah Flowers, was born in Philadelphia, 
and when a young man moved to Harris- 
burgh, where he married Elizabeth Man- 
tell. Later Mr. Flowers moved to Alle- 
gheny county. He engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits and was also the proprie- 
tor of a hotel. 

George (2) Flowers, son of Jacob and 
Elizabeth (Mantell) Flowers, was born 



23 




Uj Ca (y//^^^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in Harrisburg, and was a boy when the 
family moved to Allegheny county. Later 
he became a farmer of that county. 
In politics he was a Republican, and 
in religious belief a Lutheran. Mr. 
Flowers married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Christopher and Elizabeth Horning, of 
Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, and 
their children were : Jacob ; John Horn- 
ing; Lavinia, wife of Frederick Glenhau- 
sen, of Allegheny county ; Priscilla, mar- 
ried John Aber, of Allegheny county ; 
Martha, see below; Sophia, wife of 
Charles Meyran, of Pittsburgh ; and 
Mary, married Jacob Mott, of Allegheny 
county. 

Martha Flowers, daughter of George 
(2) and Elizabeth (Horning) Flowers, 
was born February 14, 1832; married, 
July 11, 1861, Herman H. Niemann, as 
stated above. Her death occurred De- 
cember 20, 1914. 



NIEMANN, Adolphus Edward, 

Financier. 

Pittsburgh's supremacy is the result of 
various causes, chief among which is the 
unsurpassed quality of her business men 
of the younger generation. Among this 
class is A. Edward Niemann, vice-presi- 
dent, treasurer and director of the Ger- 
mania Savings Bank of Pittsburgh. Mr. 
Niemann is closely identified not only 
with the financial institutions of his city, 
but is also officially connected with a 
number of her large manufacturing enter- 
prises. 

Adolphus Edward Niemann, son of the 
late Herman H. and Martha (Flowers) 
Niemann, was born in Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, February 23, 1866. His school- 
ing was acquired in the public and pri- 
vate schools of his city, and he then 
entered business, becoming connected, in 
1886, with the Manufacturers' Natural 



Gas Company, now the Manufacturers' 
Light & Heat Company. He entered the 
banking business in July, 1891, first as 
secretary and a few years later as secre- 
tary, treasurer and director of the Ger- 
mania Savings Bank of Pittsburgh. Since 
1912 he has been vice-president, treasurer 
and director of that institution, and he 
is also vice-president and director of the 
Parkersburg Iron & Steel Company of 
West Virginia ; director of the German 
Fire Insurance Company, and director of 
the Colonial Trust Company. In politics 
Mr. Niemann is identified with the Re- 
publicans, but has never held office. He 
is a member of the Episcopal church, and 
holds membership in various clubs. A 
member of the Masonic fraternity, he has 
attained to the thirty-second degree, and 
is a member of the Shrine. 

On November 22, 1893, Mr. Niemann 
married Irene M., daughter of the late 
Ernest H.and Sophia (Landwehr) Myers, 
of Pittsburgh. A biography and por- 
trait of Mr. Myers is to be found on other 
pages of this work. Mr. and Mrs. Nie- 
mann are the parents of the following 
children : Kenneth Edward, born July 
24, 1902, a student at the Hotchkiss 
School, Lakeville, Connecticut ; and Ame- 
lia Irene. 

Men of the type of A. Edward Niemann 
seem like incarnations of the spirit of 
the twentieth century, and especially of 
the city of Pittsburgh — high-minded and 
honorable, and ever in the van of pro- 
gress. It is these men who are laying the 
foundations of the city of the future. 



NIEMANN, Charles Franklin, 

Manufacturer. 

Among the well-known and aggressive 
manufacturers and business men of Pitts- 
burgh is C. F. Niemann, president and 
director of the Parkersburg Iron & Steel 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Company, and prominently identified with 
various other business and financial insti- 
tutions. 

C arles Franklin Niemann was born in 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, February 22, 
1869, son of the late Herman H. and Mar- 
tha (Flowers) Niemann. His education 
was received in the public and private 
schools of his city, and at the early age of 
twenty-one years he started in business 
for himself, entering the jewelry business, 
which was followed by his engaging in 
various other enterprises of a commercial 
nature. In 1906 he became president and 
director of the Parkersb.urg Iron & Steel 
Company, and its commanding place 
among Pittsburgh manufacturing con- 
cerns is due largely to the tireless efforts 
of its president. 

The thorough business qualifications of 
Mr. Niemann have always been in demand 
on boards of directors of different organ- 
izations, and his public spirit has led him 
to accept many such trusts. He is a direc- 
tor of the Fifth Avenue Bank; the man- 
ufacturers' Light & Heat Company ; Ger- 
mania Savings Bank, and is interested in 
many other institutions. 

Politically Mr. Niemann is affiliated 
with the Republican party, but has never 
accepted office. He is a member of var- 
ious clubs and trade associations. He 
holds membership in the Point Breeze 
Presbyterian Church. A man of action 
rather than words, he demonstrates his 
public spirit by actual achievements 
which advance the prosperity of the com- 
munity. Mr. Niemann is a thirty-second 
degree Mason and member of the Shrine. 

On October 9, 1900, Mr. Niemann mar- 
ried Mildred, daughter of Harvey and 
Harriett (Holt) Bartley, of Pittsburgh, 
and they are the parents of the" follow- 
ing children : Martha Virginia ; Charles 
Franklin II., born August 15, 1905; and 
Florence Gwendolin. Both Mr. and Mrs. 



Niemann are active socially, and their 
home is the seat of a gracious hospitality. 
Happily gifted in manner, disposition 
and taste, enterprising and original in 
business ideas, personally liked most by 
those who know him best, and as frank in 
declaring his principles as he is sincere 
in maintaining them, Mr. Niemann's 
career has been rounded with success and 
marked by the appreciation of men whose 
good opinion is best worth having. 



McBRIDE, William, 

Civil Engineer, Business Man. 

"A self-made man" is, perhaps, the. 
phrase which most aptly describes Wil- 
liam McBride, president and director of 
the Pittsburgh, Mars & Butler Railway 
Company and of several important indus- 
trial corporations. The business career 
of Mr. McBride has been almost entirely 
associated with the Steel City, and he is 
quietly but intimately identified with her 
club circles and her social life. 

The McBride family i? an ancient and 
honorable family and entitled tu the 
escutcheon as shown in colors on the 
opposite page. The description of the 
McBride coat-of-arms is as follows : 

Arms — Gules, a cinquefoil or, within eight 
crosses p.-ttee in orle of the last. 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet or. an eagle's 
head argent. 

John McBride, father of William Mc- 
Bride, was born April 16, 1846, and was 
a- son of Thomas and Elizabeth (John- 
son) McBride, the former a native of 
County Cavan, Ireland. Thomas Mc- 
Bride died at the age of eighty-two. John 
McBride was a contractor and builder, 
and his death occurred September 4, 
1890. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Hans and Katherine (Nixon) Blakeley. 
Hans kJlakelev, u-1k> was a native of Scot- 



30 




(M, 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land, was eighty-seven at the time of his 
death. 

William McBride, son of John and 
Elizabeth (Blakeley) McBride, was born 
October 28, 1874, in Troy, New York, and 
received his earliest education in the pub- 
lic schools of his native city. At the age 
of thirteen he entered the service of the 
General Electric Company of Schenec- 
tady, New York, being employed in and 
around their machine shops, and later 
with the Ludlow Valve Manufacturing 
Company, Troy, New York. Meanwhile, 
by diligent study and attendance at the 
Troy night school, he fitted himself to 
enter the Rensselaer Polytechnic Insti- 
tute, graduating in 1899 with the degree of 
Civil Engineer. Immediately thereafter 
Mr. McBride associated himself with the 
engineering department of the New York 
Central & Hudson River Railroad, but 
at the end of a year came to Pittsburgh, 
finding employment with the Aluminum 
Company of America. After remaining 
with this concern for one year he obtained 
a position with the Standard Under- 
ground Cable Company, maintaining the 
connection until 1906. In that year he 
became president of the Fort Pitt Spring 
& Manufacturing Company, an office 
which he still retains. In 1916 he suc- 
ceeded to the presidency of the Harmony 
Electric Company, and in 1917 to that of 
the Elwood and Koppel Bridge Com- 
pany. The same year he was elected 
president of the Pittsburgh, Mars & But- 
ler Railway Company. All these corpora- 
tions are of Pittsburgh and in each one of 
them Mr. McBride retains his office. He 
is a director of the Pittsburgh, Harmony. 
Butler & New Castle Railway Company 

In the sphere of politics, Mr. McBride 
has always been an adherent of the Re- 
publican party. He is a director of the 
Ohio Valley Hospital, McKees Rocks, 
Pennsylvania. Among the professional 
organizations in which he is enrolled are 



the Rensselaer Society of Engineers, the 
American Iron and Steel Institute and 
the Railway Business Men's Association. 
He belongs to the Pennsylvania Society, 
and his clubs are the Duquesne, Edge- 
worth and Mountour Country. He is a 
member of the Sewickley Presbyterian 
Church. 

From his record it may easily be 
inferred that Mr. McBride is a man of 
great tenacity of purpose, the persever- 
ance with which he overcame the num- 
erous obstacles which stood in the way of 
his acquiring an education being one 
strong proof of his possession of this trait 
of character. He declares that in fitting 
himself for his profession he found mathe- 
matics his most efficient helper, but that 
he has also derived much aid from the 
study of history and the perusal of the 
works of Shakespeare. He believes that' 
by following the Golden Rule and prac- 
ticing what he calls, most significantly, 
"stick-to-it-iveness" realization of ideals 
and true success in life is oftenest 
achieved. 

Mr. McBride married, April 12, 1905, 
Emma M. B., daughter of Russell H. and 
Marie C. (Buhl) Boggs, of Pittsburgh. 
Mr. and Mrs. McBride are the parents of 
one daughter, Marie Boggs McBride. 
Mrs. McBride is a woman of great intel- 
ligence, charming personality, and de- 
lightful domesticity, and the union be- 
tween husband and wife is one of perfect 
congeniality. Mr. McBride's favorite 
recreations are golf and swimming, but 
no form of relaxation rivals for him the 
attractions of his home. 

William McBride may truly be styled 
the architect of his own fortune, but for 
a man of his type who has not yet com- 
pleted his forty-fourth year much accom- 
plishment is both possible and probable 
and the future doubtless holds for him the 
attainment of very many results. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



PERRIN, Morgan L., 

Insurance Actuary, Financier. 

Head of one of the oldest, active fire 
insurance agencies in the United States, 
now under the management of its 
founder, a retired bank president, and 
honored citizen of Pittston, Pennsyl- 
vania, Mr. Perrin reviews a life of unusual 
business activity and length, more than 
half a century having been spent in bus- 
iness in Pittston, and forty-six of those 
years in the insurance business which he 
founded, owns and yet controls. 

He is a descendant of John Perrin, 
born in 1614, came from London, Eng- 
land, in the ship "Safety," in July, 1635, 
and settled first at Braintree, Massachu- 
setts, where he was among the organizers 
of the company that settled Rehoboth. 
There he died, September 13, 1674. His 
wife is believed to have been that Ann 
Godfrey, a widow, who died in Rehoboth, 
March 11, 1688. He left two sons, John 
and Abraham. John (2) Perryn was in 
Rehoboth before 1645, and was buried at 
Roxbury, Massachusetts, May 6, 1694, 
while temporarily residing there with his 
son Noah. His wife was baptized Mary, 
and to them a large family was born, 
including a son John (3) Perrin, born 
October 12, 1668, the eldest child of his 
parents. He died in Rehoboth, Massa- 
chusetts, May 6, 1694. By his wife Sarah 
he had a son, John (4) Perrin, born March 
8, 1692, died February 28, 1731. He mar- 
ried, in 1716, Rachel Ide, born in 1695, 
died December 4, 1780. This John (4) 
Perrin and his wife Rachel Ide were the 
parents of three sons, the youngest being 
Timothy, born October 1, 1724. He 
moved to Connecticut, and there died in 
1816. He married, and was succeeded 
by a son Timothy (2) Perrin, who mar- 
ried Lydia Raymond, the line of descent 
being through their eldest son Calvin, the 



founder of the family in the Wyoming 
Valley. 

Calvin Perrin, born September 17, 
1793, came from Connecticut to Pennsyl- 
vania early in life, and settled at Kings- 
ton in 1819. He first took a farm upon 
the flats along the river, but a year later 
moved back to the higher ground 
in Northmoreland township, Luzerne 
county, there purchasing a farm. Later 
the farm he abandoned on the flats proved 
to be unusually rich in anthracite coal 
deposits. He served in the War of 1812, 
from Connecticut, his homes being in 
that State at Ashford and Thompson. 
After his location on the farm in North- 
moreland, he settled down to the steady 
life of a farmer and there resided until 
his death. He married, May 22, 1816, 
Polly Lawton, who died in Wyoming 
county, Pennsylvania, October 5, 1842. 
He married (second) Lucretia Shippey, 
who died July 24, 1896, at the great age 
of one hundred and two years. Calvin 
Perrin and his first wife, Polly Lawton, 
were the parents of four sons and two 
daughters : George, who became a farmer 
of Wyoming county, Pennsylvania, mar- 
ried Charlotte Ferguson ; Pamelia, mar- 
ried William White ; Daniel, born De- 
cember 23, 1822; Betsey, married John 
Long; Gurden, of further mention; and 
Ezra. 

Gurden Perrin of the Eighth American 
generation, was born in Northmoreland 
township, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, 
August 18, 1828, died December 24, 1866, 
his life of usefulness cut short even before 
reaching its prime. He spent his youth 
at the homestead farm, obtaining a good 
education in the public school. He re- 
mained at home his father's assistant 
until his marriage, then taught school for 
a time, afterwards cultivating a rental 
farm until 1857, when he opened a gro- 
cery store near Pittston, in Jenkins town- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ship. He was quite successful there, 
remaining five years before moving to 
Yatesville, Pennsylvania, where he estab- 
lished a general store which he conducted 
until his death. He was a good business 
man, a member of the official board of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and a Re- 
publican in politics, his first vote being 
cast for the first presidential candidate of 
that party, General John C. Fremont. He 
was a man thoroughly respected by all 
who knew him, integrity and uprightness 
distinguishing his private and business 
life. Gurden Perrin married, December 
16, 1847, Fanny Jane Lewis, born at Or- 
ange, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, 
August 8, 1829, daughter of Rev. Oliver 
and Cynthia (Smith) Lewis, of Orange 
county, New York. Mr. and Mrs. Per- 
rin were the parents of children: Mor- 
gan L., of further mention ; Arminda, 
born September 24, 1848, died December 
26, 1864; Mattie J., married Eugene Bon- 
stein ; Emily A., now a resident of West 
Pittston. 

Morgan Lewis Perrin, of the ninth 
American and third Pennsylvania genera- 
tion, only son of Gurden and Fanny Jane 
(Lewis) Perrin, was born at Mt. Zion, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, May 5, 
1850. From the age of seven he has been 
a resident of Pittston, Pennsylvania, there 
being educated in the public schools and 
Wyoming Seminary. He was his father's 
assistant in the store until the later's 
death, December 24, 1866, then spent six 
years in the employ of the Butler Coal 
Company of Pittston, beginning as clerk, 
and acting as weightmaster, bookkeeper 
and superintendent of the Pittston plant. 
He resigned his position in the spring of 
1872, and at once entered the insurance 
business, a field of activity which he has 
never abandoned during the forty-six 
years which have since intervened. He 
established his agency in Pittston in 
Pa-10— 3 3. 



April, 1872, having secured the agency for 
the Niagara Insurance Company, and the 
Great American Insurance Company of 
New York, then known as the German- 
American Insurance Company, his com- 
missions authorizing him to act as agent 
for these companies being the oldest now 
outstanding with either company. His 
agent's authority from the Liverpool and 
London and Globe Insurance Company 
is dated in 1876, and all three are yet in 
force, the Pittston agency one of the 
strongest centres of business, and the 
Pittston agent always a welcome and hon- 
ored guest at the company's headquar- 
ters. 

The founding, upbuilding and manage- 
ment of his large and important agency 
has been his principal life work, but he 
has been a participant in a great deal of 
Pittston's business activity. He was an 
incorporator and a member of the first 
board of directors of the People's Savings 
Bank, served for a time, then retired until 
March 29, 1909, when he was elected a 
director of the People's Union Savings 
Bank, a merger of the People's Savings 
Bank, and the Union Savings and Trust 
Company. He served as director of the 
merged corporations until April 24, 1913, 
when he was elected president to succeed 
William Drury, who died April 14, 1913. 
Under President Perrin the bank con- 
tinued unusually prosperous, but the 
demands of the office so seriously inter- 
fered with his private business that on 
January 18, 1917, he resigned as presi- 
dent, but yet retains his place upon the 
board of directors. He is also a director 
of the Hitchner Biscuit Company, of 
West Pittston ; treasurer and director of 
the Commonwealth Telephone Company ; 
president-treasurer of the Forty-Fort 
Silk Company. Along with this business 
activity of over half a century, Mr. Per- 
rin has carried a love for the farm and 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



farm life, particularly for fine horses, he 
having owned some of the fine blooded 
stock of the county, many of these hav- 
ing been bred upon his own farm. He is 
a Republican in politics, an attendant of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. 

Mr. Perrin married, May I, 1870, Anna 
L. Searle, born October 13, 185 1, died 
October 7, 1910, daughter of James and 
Elizabeth (Furman) Searle, of Pitts- 
ton. Mr. and Mrs. Perrin are the par- 
ents of: Jessie Angela, born February 
5, 1871, died July 16, 1912, wife of H. M. 
Daman; Ralph Ernest, died aged four 
years; Ella Searle, born August 10, 
1880, a graduate of Wyoming Seminary, 
class of 1898, married Jasper C. Acker- 
man, of Poughkeepsie, New York; now 
living in Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania ; 
Mary Nadine, born April 12, 1886, a grad- 
uate of Wyoming Seminary, class of 
1905, Syracuse University, 1909, married 
George Perkins Lunt, of Boston, now 
residing in New York City. 



BROWN, Percy Arthur, 

Progressive Business Man. 

Percy A. Brown, head of the firm of 
Percy A. Brown & Company, for a num- 
ber of years regarded as one of the most 
enterprising, progressive and successful 
business firms of Wilkes-Barre, is a 
descendant of a German ancestry, and he 
inherits in marked degree the attributes 
of the people of that nation, — namely, 
thrift, energy and progressive ideas. 

The earliest known ancestor of the 
branch of the family herein followed was 
Abraham Brown, a resident of Wiirtem- 
berg, Germany, where he spent his active 
career. He married Catherine Holdt, and 
among their children was a son, Charles 
Christian, of whom further. 

Charles Christian Brown was born in 
Wiirtemberg, Germany, May io, 1831, 



and died at Nescopeck, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, April 9, 1896. He obtained 
a practical education in his native land, 
and in 1845, at the age of fourteen, he 
accompanied his brother-in-law, Michael 
Bacher, to the United States, landing in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from whence 
they went by canal to Berwick, thence to 
Dorrance township, where he devoted his 
attention to agricultural pursuits. In 
1852 he purchased a tract of land of about 
forty acres, which he cleared and put 
under cultivation, and at the expiration 
of twelve years he disposed of his farm 
and moved to the city of Wilkes- 
Barre, where for nine years he engaged 
in mercantile pursuits and for two 
years engaged in a dairy business. He 
then removed to Wapwallopen, Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania, where he con- 
ducted a dairy business for one year, and 
during the following six years he con- 
ducted the J. C. Nicely farm at Moca- 
naqua, same county. In 1886 he pur- 
chased a farm in Nescopeck and there 
spent the remainder of his days. He mar- 
ried Catherine Ehman Amarin, of Wiir- 
temberg, Germany, and they were the 
parents of seven children : Franklin J., 
of whom further ; Alvin ; Alice, who 
became the wife of Theodore Lawalt ; 
Agnes ; Frances, who became the wife of 
Ira Boyd; Hannah; Maggie. 

Franklin J. Brown was born in Dor- 
rance township, Luzerne county, Penn- 
sylvania, March 2, 1855. He attended the 
district school, during the winter months, 
and during the remainder of the year 
assisted with the work of the home farm, 
remaining with his parents until he 
attained the age of twenty-four. He then 
worked a farm on shares located in 
Butler township, Luzerne county, and in 
the year 1884 took up his residence in 
Wilkes-Barre, where he has since fol- 
lowed different pursuits, achieving a cer- 



34 



16C7110 

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tain degree of success in all his undertak- 
ings. He married, December 13, 1877, 
Mary T. Wenner, daughter of Peter and 
Elizabeth (Heimbach) Wenner. Mr. and 
Mrs. Brown are the parents of two chil- 
dren : Edwin C, and Percy Arthur, of 
whom further. 

Percy Arthur Brown was born in But- 
ler township, Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 24, 1884. During his early 
life his parents removed to Wilkes-Barre, 
and in the schools of that city he acquired 
a practical education. He then entered 
upon his business career and was em- 
ployed successively with the Boston 
Store, L. M. Utz, Herman Knappman and 
Fred L. LaFrance, and upon the death 
of the last named employer in 1905, he 
assumed the management of the busi- 
ness, his father and he forming a partner- 
ship, but at the expiration of two years 
the father retired and the business was 
conducted by the son alone until 1910, 
when he admitted to partnership B. F. 
Williams, of Wilkes-Barre, and Robert 
C. Smith, formerly of Smith & Frantz, 
and thereafter the business was con- 
ducted under the name of Percy A. 
Brown & Company. From a purely meat 
shop, the firm has developed until at the 
present time (1917) it is one of the larg- 
est firms in Northeastern Pennsylvania, 
thoroughly established and up-to-date in 
every detail in a business that takes in 
meats, delicatessen, cream, buttermilk, 
fruit, vegetables and fish. They have 
recently remodeled and enlarged their 
store rooms, located at Nos. 24-26-28 East 
Northampton street, and there is found 
ideal arrangement and complete mastery 
of details. 

In the main store room, on the right, is 
a meat counter, thirty feet in length, with 
glass casings. This case is electrically 
lighted and thoroughly refrigerated at an 
even temperature. The meats are cut 
fresh in the refrigerators and shipped to 



the sales counters by well arranged car- 
riers. Back of the glass cases is the 
counter, and back of each counter is a 
sanitary wash basin for the use of the 
salesmen. In the rear of the ice counter 
are the main ice boxes, which are arti- 
ficially cooled, but so arranged that vari- 
ous degrees of temperature can be main- 
tained. In the rear of the main ice box 
is another large one in which there is a 
slightly lighter temperature. In the rear 
of the main sales room is the counter for 
the sale of cream buttermilk, a thoroughly 
pasteurized and wholesome liquid pre- 
pared in the large establishment of the 
firm. This has a • glass counter and 
answers the same purpose as a soda foun- 
tain. To the left of the main room is the 
delicatessen counter, running the length 
of the store. It is cooled to any degree by 
refrigerator pipes. In front of the main 
room, on the left, is the butter and egg 
counter, all glass encased and refriger- 
ated. In the new addition is the fish and 
vegetable market, which is connected 
with the main sales room by a large 
entrance, is one of the most wonderful 
arrangements from a sanitary standpoint 
in the entire country. The front has 
folding doors, which can be thrown open 
to produce a market effect, and in warm 
weather screens and electrical fans are 
added. A large fish display bin is one of 
the features. This is a tile bin, insulated 
with cork and refrigerated. Glass doors, 
encased in German silver, are lifted by 
weights. Proper drainage is provided. 
There is also another large bin for stor- 
age of fish. This is constructed in the 
same manner, only that cracked ice is 
used for cooling purposes. In this case 
are hot and cold water faucets for cleans- 
ing purposes. The oyster and clam tanks 
are encased in tile with cork insulation 
and German silver lids and tops. To the 
left of this store room are the vegetable 
counters and display shelves. These are 



35 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



neatly arranged and designed so as to 
show the products to the best advantage. 
In the rear of this room, reached by a 
small flight of stairs, is the office and 
telephone exchange. A number of young 
women are employed here. Six telephone 
trunk lines enter the office, four of the 
Bell and two of the Consolidated. An 
exchange girl is kept constantly employed 
and all orders are received in the office 
and sent by tubes to the sales forces, 
where wrappings are made and the goods 
sent by carrier to the rear of the build- 
ing where the shipping department is 
conveniently and splendidly arranged. In 
the cellar is the large ice machine, driven 
by a motor. At one end is the pump which 
pumps the water from the ground, two 
wells having been located in the cellar 
and immediately set in use. This water 
is used only for cooling purposes. In 
the cellar are the cloak rooms and spac- 
ious lofts for storage purposes. Every 
door and window is screened, and at each 
entrance to the rooms is an electrical fan 
on the outside of the building for sani- 
tary purposes. At each counter is a cash 
desk, so that change is readily made and 
the customer not kept waiting. In the 
rear of the plot, detached from the main 
building, are delicatessen shops, the meat 
grinding shops, and the fine new cream 
buttermilk room, wherein is one of the 
greatest displays of machinery in this 
entire section. Here are cream separating 
machines, the large churns, the cold cool- 
ing tanks, the ice grinders, bottle wash- 
ing apparatus, everything of the most 
modern type. 

Mr. Brown, with his progressive ideas 
and keen judgment, realized that in the 
near future Wilkes-Barre would develop 
along metropolitan lines and that there 
would be a great demand for larger and 
better business establishments, and ac- 
cordingly he set to work, with the aid of 
his partners, to cope with this responsi- 



bility, and the result is most gratifying to 
the members of the firm and to their many 
patrons. He has witnessed the growth of 
his business venture from three em- 
ployees to thirty-six, and it is still grow- 
ing. At the end of the year 1914 the 
faithful employees of the firm were noti- 
fied by check that they were interested 
in the firm's development, and the dis- 
tribution of a proportion of the net earn- 
ings of this firm has been continued since 
that time. 

Mr. Brown is an active member of the 
Chamber of Commerce of Wilkes-Barre, 
served in the capacity of trustee for four 
years, in 1916 was elected president, and 
reelected trustee. On June 8, 1915, he 
was appointed a member of the Wilkes- 
Barre school board, to succeed the late 
Dr. Guthrie, and in the following year 
was elected a member, this fact attesting 
to his popularity and efficiency. He holds 
membership in the Order of Free and 
Accepted Masons, Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, Franklin Club, and 
St. John's Lutheran Church. He is a 
Republican in politics. 

Mr. Brown married, October 24. 1906, 
Leah Brink, daughter of Peter and Mary 
(Gay) Brink, of Laceyville, Pennsyl- 
vania. Mr. and Mrs. Brown are the par- j 
ents of one daughter, Orceil, born July 
22, 1908. 



DIEHL, Ambrose Nevin, 

Expert in Chemistry. 

Ambrose Nevin Diehl was born in 
York, York county, Pennsylvania. Octo- 
ber 20, 1876, son of Andrew K. and 
Sarah L. (Gring) Diehl. Mr. Diehl is 
descended from old York county stock, 
his ancestors having lived in that sec- 
tion for over two hundred years. 

Mr. Diehl received his early education 
in the public and private schools of York, 
after which he entered York Collegiate 



tf 




/«*„,., .//. ZwrvaAc 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Institute, graduating in 1894. Immedi- 
ately thereafter he entered the class of 
1898 of the Pennsylvania State College, 
became a member of the Sigma Chi fra- 
ternity, and after a four-year course left 
that institution with the degree of B. S., 
having specialized in chemistry. In 1898 
Mr. Diehl obtained the position of assist- 
ant chemist in the Pennsylvania State 
Experimental Station, and remained one 
year. In 1899 hejrteame with the Du- 
quesne Steel Works and Blast Furnaces 
of the Carnegie Steel Company as a 
chemist, and was transferred to the Blast 
Furnace Department in March, 1900. He 
was appointed assistant superintendent of 
Blast Furnaces in October, 1900, and 
given charge of the department in Octo- 
ber, 1901. This position he held until No- 
vember, 191 5, when he was made assistant 
general superintendent of the Duquesne 
Steel Works, which position he held until 
April 1, 1917, when he was made assistant 
to the vice-president of the Carnegie Steel 
Company, with headquarters in Pitts- 
burgh. This office he now holds. 

Mr. Diehl is' a director of the Duquesne 
Trust Company, and a trustee of the 
Pennsylvania State College. In politics 
he is a Republican. He is also a member 
of the American Institute of Mining En- 
gineers, the Engineers' Society of West- 
ern Pennsylvania and the American Iron 
and Steel Institute. He is also a member 
and director of the University Club of 
Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Country Club, 
Oakmont Country Club, Pittsburgh Ath- 
letic Club, Press Club and various others 
of a social and fraternal nature. 



LANAHAN, James K., 

Public-spirited Citizen. 

Many of Pittsburgh's most valued 
citizens have been men of Irish birth and 
parentage, and in none has the versatile 



ability of the race been better and more 
strikingly illustrated than in the late 
James K. Lanahan, for nearly a quarter 
of a century proprietor of the celebrated 
St. James Hotel, and prominently identi- 
fied with a number of the leading finan- 
cial concerns of the Iron City. 

James K. Lanahan was born March 17, 
1 83 1, in the North of Ireland, and was a 
son of James and Susan (Krickart) Lana- 
han. The boy received his early educa- 
tion — a very meagre one — in his native 
land, and before reaching manhood emi- 
grated to the United States, making the 
voyage alone and paying his way to Pitts- 
burgh by driving cattle over the moun- 
tains. He apprenticed himself at the 
Bradley Foundry and, after learning his 
trade, saved his wages in order to defray 
the expense of a more liberal education 
than he had yet enjoyed. He pursued a 
course of study at St. Francis' School, in 
Loretto, and in his appreciation of the 
fact that thorough educational equipment 
was necessary for success in life showed 
a degree of foresight and a soundness of 
judgment rarely met with in a youth of his 
limited opportunities and slight knowl- 
edge of the world. 

On returning to Pittsburgh, Mr. Lana- 
han established a hotel on Penn avenue, 
near the old canal locks, the venture being 
attended by a gratifying measure of suc- 
cess. In 1868 he moved to Liberty ave- 
nue and there opened the St. James Hotel, 
an establishment which became famous 
in the annals of hostelry. For twenty 
years it was conducted by Mr. Lanahan, 
gaining under his able proprietorship a 
wide reputation for the excellence of its 
management and the completeness of its 
equipment. To his associates Mr. Lana- 
han showed a genial, kindly, humorous 
side of his nature which made their rela- 
tions most enjoyable, and by a systematic 
course of industry and integrity he 



37 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



proved himself to be a dependable man 
under any circumstances and in any 
emergency. Possessing as he did strong 
mental endowments, and best of all a 
rare treasury of common sense, James K. 
Lanahan's business capacity was remark- 
able and his judgment of men excep- 
tional. He was a large stockholder in 
the Lustre Mining Company, and in 
many other financial concerns, and 
owned, moreover, much valuable real 
estate, being a fine judge of its dormant 
possibilities. In 1888 he relinquished the 
proprietorship of the St. James Hotel. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. Lana- 
han stood in the front rank, never refus- 
ing his influence and support to any 
movement which, in his judgment, 
tended to advance the welfare of Pitts- 
burgh. His political affiliations were 
with the Democrats, and he consented to 
serve one term as member of Council 
from the Ninth Ward, but took little 
active interest in political questions. Ever 
ready to respond to any deserving call 
made upon him, he was widely, but unos- 
tentatiously, charitable. He was a Roman 
Catholic and a member of the Sacred 
Heart congregation. A man of great 
tenacity of purpose, an extraordinary 
degree of force and such persistency as is 
rarely met with, these characteristics 
were depicted on his countenance, as 
were also the cordiality and kindliness 
which, in combination with his unim- 
peachable integrity, gained for him the 
public confidence and surrounded him 
with hosts of friends. 

Mr. Lanahan married, July 2, 1867, 
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Mary A., 
daughter of Frank and Catherine (Smith) 
Reilly, of Pittsburgh, and they became 
the parents of the following children : 
Frank J.; J. Stevenson; Susanne, wife 
of William M. Anderson; and Florence, 



widow of William D. Phelan. Mrs. 
Lanahan, a woman whose winning per- 
sonality has gained for her much social 
popularity, was a true helpmate to her 
husband, whose devotion to his wife and 
family was one of his most marked char- 
acteristics, and whose happiest hours 
were passed in the home circle. 

The death of Mr. Lanahan, which 
occurred January 29, 1899, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of one of her most valued citizens, 
a man who owed the success of his life to 
no inherited fortune nor to any combina- 
tion of advantageous circumstances, but 
to his own sturdy will, steady applica- 
tion, tireless industry and sterling quali- 
ties of manhood. Kindliness and appre- 
ciation of the good traits of others con- 
stituted salient features in his character, 
and his life was in large measure an exem- 
plification of his belief in the brotherhood 
of mankind. 

James K. Lanahan was a noble type of 
the self-made man. The architect of his 
fortune, in rearing the fair fabric of his 
own prosperity he aided largely in the 
upbuilding of the power and prestige of 
his adopted city, and Pittsburgh to-day 
holds his name and memory in honor. 



FOSTER, Charles H. 

Efficient Citlaen. 

Now well over the mark which admit- 
ted him to the rank of octogenarian, — 
just past his eighty-fifth birthday, to be 
exact, — Charles H. Foster, oi Pittston, 
gives little evidence of the great weight 
of years he carries. For almost seventy 
of those years Pittston has been his home, 
and there is no phase of Pittston's devel- 
opment but what he has watched from its 
beginning. He has prospered in his per- 
sonal business undertakings, and during 
his long life of activity and years of 
retirement has held the highest respect 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the community in which he has so long 
resided. He is a grandson of Reuben 
Foster, born in New Hampshire, who 
came to Oneida county, New York, prior 
to the year 1800, and there conducted a 
small farm. His son, Reuben (2) Fos- 
ter, was born in Oneida county, and there 
lived until his death in 1852, a carpenter 
and a caulker. He married Mary Jane 
Curtis, of Connecticut parentage, and 
they were the parents of: Charles H. 
Foster, of further mention ; George A., 
deceased; Frances J., married David E. 
Wood, of Utica, New York ; Margaret E., 
married Mr. Dennison, of Utica; and 
Jesse, of Utica, deceased. 

Charles H. Foster, eldest son of Reu- 
ben (2) and Mary Jane (Curtis) Foster, 
was born at Bridgewater, Oneida county, 
New York, eighteen miles south of Utica, 
April 17, 1833. Until fourteen years of 
age he attended the public school, but he 
had two maternal uncles living at Pitts- 
ton, Pennsylvania, and in the early sum- 
mer of 1848 he started to join them. He 
traveled by stage to Binghamton, New 
York, thence by the same mode of con- 
veyance to Montrose, Pennsylvania, 
Tunkhannock to Pittston Ferry, arriving 
June 25, 1848. Pie found his uncles and 
found employment with one of them as 
clerk and driver with the firm, Wisner & 
Curtis, general merchants of Pittston. 
He continued with this firm two years, 
when they dissolved, Thomas E. Cur- 
tis establishing a similar business for 
himself. The young lad remained with 
his uncle Thomas E. Curtis, for a 
time, then became a clerk in the 
store of Thomas Ford & Co. Later 
he went west, and for two years was 
clerk in a general store at Winona, Min- 
nesota, then returned to Pittston, where 
soon afterward he married. He then 
accompanied the William Ford family to 
Virginia, settling in that part now West 



Virginia, at St. Albans, in Kanawha 
county, on the Great Kanawha river. 
There he remained until the outbreak of 
war between the States, when he returned 
to Pittston, and established a general 
store at the corner of Main and Water 
streets, the building he occupied standing 
upon the present site of the First Na- 
tional Bank building. He continued in 
mercantile life until the year 1900, then, 
having reached the age of sixty-seven, 
and in possession of a competence, he 
retired from active business life, only 
retaining his place upon the directorate 
of the First National Bank of Pittston, a 
place which he has filled for fifty-four 
years, or since its organization in 1864. 
The foregoing record covers a period of 
fifty-two years — the boy of fifteen eagerly 
making his first journey by stage coach, 
giving way to the veteran retired mer- 
chant of sixty-seven, after a life of hon- 
est effort intelligently directed. 

Equally remarkable is the record Mr. 
Foster has made in connection with the 
West Pittston school board. In 1876 he 
was elected school director, and the same 
year was chosen secretary of the board. 
During the forty-two years which have 
since elapsed, and with the exception of 
two years and ten days, he has served 
continuously in that office, elections and 
reflections following without number. 
He is a member of St. John's Lodge, No. 
233, Free and Accepted Masons, of Pitts- 
ton; Gohonto Lodge, No. 314, Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, his mem- 
bership dating from May 6, 1854. In 
religious preference he is a Methodist. 

Mr. Foster married, May 10, 1859, 
Mary Jane Ford, born August 26, 1834, 
daughter of William and Jane (Ireland) 
Ford of Pittston. Mr. and Mrs. Foster 
are the parents of a daughter and two sons : 
1. Alice, married Isaac L. Bevan, of Pitts- 
ton ; their children : Robert, Lawrence, 



39 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Paul, and Kenneth Bevan. 2. Oscar, mar- 
ried Isabel Allen ; their children : Allen, 
Mary, Louise, Isabel, Florence and Cor- 
nelia Foster. 3. William L., married 
Ella Bryden ; their children : Elsie, Don- 
ald, and Catherine Foster. 



FAGAN, Charles A., 

Lawyer, Corporation Official. 

Charles Aloysius Fagan is one of the 
prominent and successful lawyers of the 
Pittsburgh bar. He was born in Pitts- 
burgh, July I, 1859, his parents being 
Thomas J. Fagan and Mary McLaughlin 
Fagan. His education was acquired suc- 
cessively at St. Mary's Academy, Ewalt 
College, and the Pittsburgh Catholic Col- 
lege. 

He was admitted to the bar in 1887. 
For a time he held office as Deputy Dis- 
trict Attorney under District Attorney 
W. D. Porter, now judge of the Superior 
Court of Pennsylvania, and the late Rich- 
ard H. Johnson, and displayed such abil- 
ity in his conduct of cases that he was 
appointed to the office of Assistant Dis- 
trict Attorney in 1894 by Hon. Robert E. 
Pattison, then Governor of Pennsylvania, 
to fill the unexpired term of Hon. John C. 
Haymaker, now judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Allegheny county. In 
his legal practice he has for a partner ex- 
Senator William A. Magee, the firm 
practicing under the title of Fagan & 
Magee. During the term of the latter as 
mayor of Pittsburgh, Mr. Fagan became 
associated in partnership with Robert T. 
McElroy, since deceased. The firm with 
which Mr. Fagan is connected has a gen- 
eral practice. 

Mr. Fagan gives his political support 
to the principles of the Democratic party, 
and has been an active factor in the coun- 
cils of this party. He was Democratic 
presidential elector for the Twenty- 



second Congressional District of Penn- 
slyvania in 1892, and was chairman of the 
Democratic County Committee of Alle- 
gheny County, 1894-95. The following 
year he was elected one of the delegates- 
at-large to the Democratic National Con- 
vention of that year ; and was a delegate 
to the Democratic Convention held at St. 
Louis in 1916. 

In addition to the demands made upon 
Mr. Fagan by his legal work, he is inter- 
ested in a number of corporate institu- 
tions, being vice-president of the Iron 
City Sanitary Manufacturing Company ; 
director in the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie 
Ship Canal Company, the Anthracite 
Coal Company, the Natalie & Mt. Carmel 
Railroad Company, the East Williston 
Colony Company of New York, the Lake 
Shore Realty Company of Ohio, and 
other corporations. 

He is a member of the Duquesne Club, 
the Union Club, the Pittsburgh Country 
Club, the Oakmont Country Club and the 
Pittsburgh Press Club. He is the presi- 
dent of the Pittsburgh Hospital ; is a 
member of the board of directors of the 
Boys' Industrial School of Allegheny 
County, and a member of the Western 
Pennsylvania Historical Society. 

Mr. Fagan married, February 9, 1887, 
Miss Mary Kane, daughter of Mr. P. C. 
Kane, a retired merchant of Pittsburgh. 
They have had children: Marie, now 
Mrs. George L. Walter, Jr. ; Jean, Grace, 
Dorothy, and Charles A., Jr. The family 
resides at North Highland avenue and 
St. Marie street, East End, Pittsburgh. 



WOLF, Samuel M., M. D., 

Physician, Enterprising Citizen. 

About the year 1780, Jacob Wolf left his 
home in his native Bucks county, and 
came to the Wyoming Valley, of Penn- 
sylvania, settling in Union township, Lu- 




Q(hK 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



zerne county, where he acquired land, 
worshiped with the pioneers as a Bap- 
tist, and died, honored and respected, at 
the age of seventy-eight. He was one of 
the men who laid the foundations for the 
present prosperity of that section, and 
founded a family of strong men and 
women who have worthily borne their 
part in the upbuilding of the community 
with which their lot was cast. A century 
later a great-grandson, Dr. Samuel M. 
Wolf, was a school boy in the district 
school of the township the pioneers 
founded, and from that school went out 
to higher institutions of classical and pro- 
fessional learning, returning to practice 
his healing art in the chief city of the 
Valley, where he has now been located 
for nearly a quarter of a century, 1895- 
1918. 

Jacob Wolf reared a family of sons and 
daughters on the old homestead in Union 
township, among them a son, Samuel 
Wolf, who aided in clearing and culti- 
vating the home farm, remaining thereon 
until his marriage to Catherine Roberts 
in 1828. He then rented a farm near 
Muhlenburg, Union township, upon which 
he remained four years, prospering suf- 
ficiently during that period to enable him 
to purchase eighty acres of wild land 
upon which the former owner had 
built a log house. There Samuel Wolf 
and his wife resided for several years, 
but prosperity attended them, and from 
the bountiful field of their well-tilled 
acres a fund was accumulated, which 
in time was used to replace the log 
house with one of modern design and 
construction. There Samuel Wolf lived 
his many years, a man well liked and 
respected, a town officer, a Baptist, and a 
Republican. He died in 1878, aged sev- 
enty-six years, his wife preceding him to 
the grave in 1867, at the age of seventy. 
They were the parents of eleven daugh- 



ters and sons, the eldest, Stephen R., 
being the father of Dr. Samuel M. Wolf, 
whose useful life is the inspiration of 
this review. 

Stephen R. Wolf was born at Muhlen- 
burg, Union township, Pennsylvania, No- 
vember 12, 1827, there resided all his life, 
a farmer, and there died, December 9, 
1903. He was skilled in the use of tools 
and did considerable carpenter work in 
connection with his farming operations, 
and also took an active part in township 
public affairs, holding at different times 
nearly every office of the town. Like his 
sires, he was a devoted member of the 
Baptist church, holding the office of clerk, 
and in his political faith he was a Re- 
publican. Stephen R. Wolf married 
(first) October 2, 1852, Dorcas Ben- 
scoter, daughter of Isaac and Sarah Ben- 
scoter; she died March 30, 1853. He 
married (second) January 5, 1854, Ellen 
Harding, daughter of James and Saman- 
tha Harding; she died January, 1861. 
He married (third) January 5, 1862, 
Rachel E. Muchler, daughter of George 
and Margaret Muchler. Stephen R. and 
Ellen (Harding) Wolf had children: 
Catherine, Jessie, and Chester B. Wolf. 
Stephen R. and his third wife, Rachel E. 
(Muchler) Wolf, were the parents of a 
daughter, Margaret, and two sons, Ed- 
ward I. and Samuel M. Wolf. 

Such were the antecendents of Dr. 
Samuel M. Wolf, of Wilkes-Barre, Penn- 
sylvania, one of the prominent physicians 
of the Wyoming Valley, a true, native 
son, long located in his present environ- 
ment. He was born at the home farm at 
Muhlenburg, Union township, Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania, August 22, 1868. 
He attended the district school until ex- 
hausting their advantages, then became 
a student at Nanticoke High School, 
where he completed the courses. He 
continued his father's assistant at the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



home farm, but laid his plans for the 
future broad and deep, beginning to put 
them into execution in 1891 by matricu- 
lating at Jefferson Medical College, Phil- 
adelphia. There he pursued a three years' 
course and was awarded the degree of 
M. D. with the graduating class of May 
9, 1894. The balance of that year and a 
greater part of the year 1895, he served as 
interne at Jefferson Medical College Hos- 
pital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, then lo- 
cated in Wilkes-Barre, opening his first 
office on Academy street, there remaining 
until 1915, when he moved to his present 
location on Franklin street. While his prac- 
tice was general for several years, Dr. 
Wolf now specializes in general surgery, 
and has won wide recognition for his skill 
in that branch of his profession. He was 
surgeon to Mercy Hospital from its 
organization until 1913; was surgeon to 
Luzerne County Prison for four years, 
but the demands of his private practice 
now fully employ his time. He is a mem- 
ber of the American Medical Association, 
Pennsylvania State Medical Society, and 
Luzerne County Medical Society. He 
has acquired business interests in the city 
of his adoption, particularly in real estate 
lines, and is deeply interested in all that 
pertains to the welfare of the city. 

Dr. Wolf married, August 22, 1903, 
Bessie Straw, born May 26, 1870, daugh- 
ter of Captain Cyrus and Sarah (Leach) 
Straw, of Wilkes-Barre. Dr. and Mrs. 
Wolf are the parents of a son and two 
daughters: Sarah, born May 28, 1904; 
Samuel M., born February 8, 1906; and 
Rachel, born March 3, 1909. 



LOOMIS, William Drake, 

Real Estate Operator. 

William Drake Loomis, prominent real 
estate dealer, public-spirited citizen and 
popular man of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 



vania, is a member of a very ancient New 
England family, which had its origin in 
Essexshire, England, from which place 
the name was brought to America only 
eighteen years after the landing of the 
Pilgrim fathers. Mr. Loomis is a de- 
scendant of one Joseph Loomis, who was 
a woolen draper of Braintree, Essex- 
shire, and who sailed for the New Eng- 
land Colonies on April 11, 1638, in the 
good ship "Susan & Ellen." On July 17, 
1638, he arrived in Boston and we find it 
mentioned in the records of Windsor, 
Connecticut, that he purchased a piece of 
land in that town, February 24, 1640. 

His son, Deacon John Loomis, was also 
born in England, in the year 1622, and 
came to this country undoubtedly with 
his father. He was admitted to the 
church at Windsor, October 11, 1640, and 
was prominent in the affairs of that town. 
He was married to Elizabeth Scott, a 
daughter of Thomas Scott, of Hartford, 
in which town they were married, Febru- 
ary 3, 1649. He was a representative to 
the General Court of Connecticut in 1666- 
67-75-76-77, and was deacon of the Wind- 
sor church for many years. His death 
occurred September 1, 1688, and his mon- 
ument is still standing in the old Wind- 
sor Burying Grounds. 

Thomas Loomis, third son of Deacon 
John Loomis, was born December 3, 
1653, at his father's home at Windsor, 
and lived there during his entire life. 
He lived a comparatively quiet life, and 
his name does not appear with any very 
great frequency on the town records. He 
married Sarah White, March 31, 1680, 
and his death occurred August 17, 1688, 
only eight years later. His son, Thomas 
Loomis, who is known as Thomas 
Loomis, of Hatfield, to distinguish him 
from his father, who is called Thomas 
Loomis, of Windsor, was the second son 
of his parents, and was born April 20, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1684. His early life was spent in his 
native town of Windsor, but he later 
removed to Hartford, where he married 
January 8, 171 3, Elizabeth Fowler, and 
died April 20, 1765. 

Lieutenant Thomas Loomis, of Leb- 
anon, Connecticut, was the only child of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Fowler) Loomis, 
of Hatfield, where he was born in the 
year 1714. When twenty years of age, in 
the year 1734, he married Susannah 
Clark, and his death occurred at Leb- 
anon, February 27, 1792. Captain Isaiah 
Loomis, son of Lieutenant Thomas and 
Susannah (Clark) Loomis, was born at 
Lebanon, September 11, 1749. He 
served in the Continental Army during 
the Revolutionary War, and died in his 
native place, November 20, 1834. He 
married Abigail Williams, by whom he 
had a family of children. 

Sherman Loomis, second son of Cap- 
tain Isaiah and Abigail (Williams) 
Loomis, was born at Lebanon, Connecti- 
cut, May 27, 1787, and married, Novem- 
ber 15, 1810, Elizabeth Champlin, who 
was a sister of Commodore William 
Champlin, a nephew of Commodore 
Perry, and was with Perry at the battle of 
Lake Erie, and was supposed to have fired 
the first and last gun on Lake Erie in the 
War of 1812. Mr. Loomis afterwards 
removed to Center Moreland, Wyoming 
county, Pennsylvania, the date of his 
migration to this place being the year 
1816. He was the pioneer of the family 
in Pennsylvania and continued to live in 
his new home until his death, which 
occurred March 18, 1867. 

William Wallace Loomis, third son 
of Sherman and Elizabeth (Champlin) 
Loomis, was born July 14, 1815, at Leb- 
anon, Connecticut. When only one year 
of age he was brought by his parents to 
Pennsylvania and there grew to man- 
hood. At the age of twelve he came to 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, where he 



resided until his death, save for a short 
interval of three years. He was very 
prominent in the affairs of this commun- 
ity, was a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church there from 1834 until his 
death, and at the time of this occurrence 
he was the oldest member of that church. 
He was at one time the candidate of the 
Republican party for the office of county 
treasurer, but was defeated by his adver- 
sary, Edmund Taylor, the Democratic 
candidate. From 1854 to 1861, inclusive, 
he was burgess of the borough of Wilkes- 
Barre, and from 1877 to 1880 was mayor 
of this city. For many years he held 
the office of trustee of Wyoming Semin- 
ary, and was greatly interested in the 
cause of education. He was a charter 
member of the Home for Friendless Chil- 
dren ; from the time of its incorporation 
in 1862 he was a trustee, and he also served 
this institution as its treasurer for about 
two years. William Wallace Loomis was 
prominently identified with the Masonic 
Order, and was a member and the treas- 
urer of Lodge No. 61, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Wilkes-Barre. His death 
occurred August 2, 1894, and he was 
undoubtedly one of the most popular and 
best known citizens of his adopted town 
in his day. 

William Wallace Loomis married (first), 
February 23, 1841, Ellen E. Drake, a 
daughter of Benjamin Drake, of Wilkes- 
Barre, whose death occurred June 25, 
1845. They were the parents of two chil- 
dren : Nancy, who died in infancy, and 
William Drake, with whose career we are 
here especially concerned. He married 
(second) Elizabeth R. Blanchard, a 
daughter of Jeremiah Blanchard, and they 
were the parents of Fannie L., now 
widow of Colonel S. A. Urquhart ; Sher- 
man, who died in infancy; and George 
Peck Loomis. He married (third) La- 
vina Wilcox, no issue. 

William Drake Loomis, son of William 



43 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Wallace and Ellen E. (Drake) Loomis, 
was born August 18, 1844, at Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania. He has made his 
native city his home practically ever 
since. It was here that he received the 
elementary portion of his education, 
attending for this purpose the local pub- 
lic schools, and he was afterwards sent 
to the Wyoming Seminary at Kingston, 
Pennsylvania, where he completed his 
general education. Upon leaving this 
institution, the young man was appointed 
in the United States Navy, the date being 
September, 1864, while the Civil War was 
still waging. He was appointed paymas- 
ter steward on the United States sloop, 
"Granite," one of the small vessels 
attached to the North Atlantic block- 
ading squadron, and later was appointed 
captain's clerk on the United States 
steamer, "Mackinaw." Here he remained 
until he received his honorable discharge 
from the service at Newbern, North Caro- 
lina, early in the summer of 1865. Being 
thus released from service, Mr. Loomis 
at once returned to the North and took 
up his home at Wilkes-Barre, where his 
peaceful life had been so rudely inter- 
rupted something more than a year before 
by the alarms of war. Here he engaged 
in the real estate business and has con- 
tinued therein for nearly half a century, 
and is now regarded as one of the most 
substantial citizens there. His entire 
career has been such as to add without 
intermission to his reputation for honor 
and integrity, and he has a record for 
square dealing second to none in the 
region. He is still very actively engaged 
in this line, and his business is as large 
as ever. Mr. Loomis is a conspicuous 
figure in many other aspects of the life 
of Wilkes-Barre, and is prominently iden- 
tified with many organizations there, fra- 
ternal and otherwise. He keeps his mili- 
tary associations won in the Civil War 



always green through his membership in 
the local post of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, and he is a member of the 
Westmoreland Club and of the Panther 
Creek Club, and a non-resident member 
of the Hazleton Country Club. 

William Drake Loomis was united in 
marriage, February 4, 1868, with Frances 
Evelyn Stewart, a daughter of John and 
Elizabeth (Williams) Stewart, old and 
highly respected residents of Scranton, 
where Mr. Stewart was a prominent busi- 
ness man for many years. Mr. and Mrs. 
Loomis are the parents of the following 
children : Bruce E., a graduate of Lehigh 
University, and now a resident of New 
York City; Ellen E., deceased; Ida, who 
died in early childhood ; and Earl, a grad- 
uate of Princeton University, and now 
engaged in practice as a Civil Engineer 
at Allentown, Pennsylvania. 



KAUFMANN, Isaac, 

Founder of a Mighty Business. 

Great nations, commonwealths, munic- 
ipalities, are the creations of great men. 
Some renowned for their statesmen, phil- 
osophers, poets, artists, others for cap- 
tains of industries, financiers and mer- 
chants. All are thinkers, dreamers, build- 
ers, creators, supplying driving energy to 
the world's progress. 

Pittsburgh's "Place in the Sun" is pre- 
eminent. As a great center of learning, 
industry and commerce, the whole world 
has made a path to her door, and her 
great men number among the world's 
greatest. Conspicuous in the mercantile 
history of Pittsburgh, is the name of 
Isaac Kaufmann, president and director 
of the Kaufmann Department Stores. 

Isaac Kaufmann, born of Abraham and 
Sarah (Wolf) Kaufmann, at Viernheim, 
Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, May 15, 
185 1. There he lived and received his 



44 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



education until his sixteenth year, and 
in May, 1869, stirred by ambitions and 
yearning to carve his career, he boldly 
sailed for the "land of opportunity" 
across the seas, locating in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania. Here for several years in 
various capacities, he prepared himself 
for his future career, by learning the lan- 
guage and customs of his adopted land. 
In March, 1871, with his brother Jacob 
as his partner, Isaac Kaufmann opened a 
little clothing furnishing store on the 
South Side of Pittsburgh, which was at 
the time called Birmingham. Originally 
the firm was known as J. Kaufmann & 
Bro., but later two other brothers, Morris 
and Henry, became partners, and the 
company was afterwards identified as 
Kaufmann Brothers. Jacob Kaufmann 
died November 1, 1905. 

Their business at first was small, but 
later, in obedience to good storekeeping, 
assumed such dimensions that the broth- 
ers were compelled to seek larger quart- 
ers, and forthwith opened a second store 
in Allegheny City, now North Side, Pitts- 
burgh. In 1878 the constant growth of 
the business and attendant increase of 
cares, showed to the Kaufmann Brothers 
the necessity of concentration, and they 
closed their branch stores and opened a 
store on the present site, at Smithfield 
and Diamond streets. The first building 
at this address was 123 by 120 feet; then 
80 by 130 feet was secured on Fifth ave- 
nue as an annex, extending to Cherry 
Way. Later 100 by 120 feet was ac- 
quired on Smithfield street, until in 1903 
the company secured the remainder of the 
block on Fifth avenue. It was in this 
year (1913) that the firm became incor- 
porated and known as "Kaufmann De- 
partment Stores, Incorporated," which is 
the title at this writing. Co-incident with 
this change, Isaac Kaufmann was elected 
president of the business. Following the 



acquisition of this additional property, 
the entire building of the firm was remod- 
eled to the height of twelve floors, with 
basement and sub-basement, giving them 
one of the most admired stores in 
Pennsylvania, floor space of over 700,000 
feet. In interesting contrast to the mod- 
est little store of the South Side, this 
business is now among the foremost of 
its kind in the world, its employees num- 
bering in the thousands, its customers in 
tens of thousands, and doing a yearly 
business reaching into the millions. 

The mutations of time have caused 
many changes in this wonderful enter- 
prise, but throughout the two score and 
more years, the same firm guiding hand 
has been at the helm, that of Isaac Kauf- 
mann, as democratic and approachable as 
the day he commenced his career, con- 
tinues to direct the destinies of the busi- 
ness. In 1915, when the store celebrated 
its forty-fourth anniversary, Mr. Kauf- 
mann caused to be published in the Pitts- 
burgh papers the following open letter to 
the people of the city, and as it breathes 
the ideals and aims of the man, we here- 
with use most of it : 

Forty- four years ago (I wonder how many of 
you can look back that far and remember our 
little store and its few counters of goods out 
there on the South Side) my brother and I 
founded this firm. Between us we had $1,500 in 
cash, but we were millionaires in hope and confi- 
dence^ — filled with boyish faith in ourselves and 
the young city which had begun to stir with vast 
ambitions — pitting its youth and energy against 
the coming years. And we had one thing else, 
an asset that grew as we went — this piece of ad- 
vice from the good father who sacrificed his own 
happiness to send his sons into a strange land 
which would give us opportunities that our birth- 
place could not promise : 

Sell to others as you would buy for yourself. 

Good merchants make small profits and many 
sales. 

Deal fairly — be patient, and in time your dis- 
honest competitors will crowd your store with 
customers. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



It is a long time since these words were spoken. 
Meanwhile, the world has improved almost every- 
thing it holds, but I don't believe that a better 
piece of wisdom has been offered to a young man 
starting out on his career — the walls of this great 
store of ours rest upon that foundation. And I, 
in turn, pass it to the coming business men of 
America — the generation which is replacing mine. 
One thousand five hundred dollars and an axiom 
may not appeal to some of you as sufficient capi- 
tal, but I would not fear to begin anew, even in 
this period of gigantic enterprises, with as little. 
Integrity and determination, harnessed to a fixed 
idea, will accomplish as much to-morrow as it 
brought about yesterday. And this store will last 
only as long as it continues to be fair and square. 
No success can survive carelessness and dishon- 
esty. 

I have drilled into our organization that Kauf- 
mann's won't enjoy the confidence of its cus- 
tomers longer than we merit it. I know. I 
nursed this business from its precarious begin- 
ning up to the present moment ; for many years 
underwent struggle and self-denial (buying and 
selling so closely that we barely made a living) 
to establish a reputation honorable. Forty-four 
years ago — how I recall that stern and poverty- 
stricken period — we couldn't have picked out a 
worse stretch of years. The average family could 
afford but the barest necessities of life. A dollar 
was a big piece of silver — sufficient to feed and 
clothe and house a man and a wife and children. 
We were living in a frontier period. The conti- 
nent was still in the making. A few miles away 
were entire villages of whose inhabitants not one 
had ever been on a railroad or seen the sea. A 
horse car was a novelty. Travel by power was 
confined to queer, little, rickety, slow steam rail- 
roads. Gaslight was a marvel, and kerosene 
(actually sold as patent medicine, to cure the 
most ridiculous range of ills) was being experi- 
mented with for household illumination. But 
most of us were afraid to bring the "dangerous" 
stuff into our homes. There was not an electric 
motor on earth nor typewriter nor a talking 
machine. Bell hadn't built a telephone, and we 
used to tap our heads when we heard anybody 
talk about flying machines. The great mills which 
have brought prosperity and world-fame to Penn- 
sylvania, were hardly bigger than overgrown 
blacksmith shops, and most of the founders 
worked at their own forges. So you can imagine 
what sort of a place Kaufmann's was in 1871. 

How ridiculous I would have considered the 
idea that the day would come when we would 
have four thousand employees, and a store in 



which you could buy anything from a paper of 
pins to a diamond necklace — from a necktie to the 
complete furnishing of any kind of home — that 
we would spend as much in a single day for 
newspaper advertisement as the sum total of our 
capital. Why I could have stuck the whole shop 
— lock, stock and barrel — into my present office 
and used the remaining space for a bedroom. 

I was the head of the firm and the bookkeeper, 
salesman and shipping clerk, bundle wrapper and 
(occasionally) the delivery system. And I am 
not ashamed to acknowledge that I put up the 
shutters and swept the floors. We kept ready- 
made clothes, hats and men's furnishings; did 
merchant tailoring. And out of that grew this 
business. 

As the years pass our sons must gradually take 
our place. We are growing old. The responsi- 
bility for the future will rest more and more 
upon their shoulders. We have taught them to 
be good merchants — to deal fairly and honorably, 
to remember that the forty-four best years of 
their parents' lives are standing twelve stories 
high at Fifth and Smithfield streets. 

Pittsburgh has been kind to us, has loyally and 
generously supported our enterprises, and the 
greatest wish of my life is that from our work 
will rise and endure," not only the first establish- 
ment of this community, but of the world. And 
if it may not be the greatest — at least, let it be 
the most worthy. 

Intensely public-spirited, this man of 
tireless industry finds time in the midst 
of incessant business activity to give 
loyal support to all measures which he 
deems conducive to the progress and 
wellbeing of Pittsburgh. He adheres to 
the Republican party, but has no inclina- 
tion for officeholding, preferring to give 
his undivided attention to the great busi- 
ness enterprise of which he is head. A 
liberal giver to charity, he shuns in this 
phase of his activity everything approach- 
ing publicity. He and his brother, Mor- 
ris Kaufmann, organized the Emma 
Farm, one of the well-known philan- 
thropic institutions of Pittsburgh. Mr. 
Kaufmann is a member of the Westmore- 
land Country and Concordia clubs. He is 
also a member of Rodef Shalom Congre- 
gation. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The personality of Isaac Kaufmann is 
that of a man exceptionally forceful and 
aggressive, with cool, calculating, well- 
balanced judgment. It is to this combi- 
nation of qualities that he owes his power 
to make great ventures with safety and 
success, and to the union of determina- 
tion with tactfulness may be traced his 
ability to win the friendship and esteem of 
men. Of medium height and command- 
ing appearance, his strong yet sensitive 
features, accentuated by white hair and 
mustache, and his whole aspect expres- 
sive of decision coupled with generous 
impulses and a genial disposition, he is 
a fine type of the true Pittsburgh business 
man. 

Mr. Kaufmann married (first) in Ger- 
many, August 9, 1877, Emma, daughter 
of Nathan and Jeanette (Lehman) Kauf- 
mann, and they were the parents of 
a daughter, Lillian S., wife of Edgar 
J. Kaufmann, of Pittsburgh, and the 
mother of a son, Edgar J., Jr., born April 
9, 1910. The death of Mrs. Emma Kauf- 
mann occurred June 12, 1894, and Mr. 
Kaufmann married (second) March 22, 
1899, Belle C, daughter of Jonas and 
Josephine (Speyer) Meyer, of Quincy, 
Illinois. Mr. Kaufmann is a man of 
decided domestic tastes, and the Kauf- 
mann home in the East End is the seat of 
a gracious hospitality. 

Mr. Kaufmann's portrait precedes this 
biography. To the biography of this 
broad-minded public-spirited man of ac- 
tion, one might fittingly append those 
lines of Addison's : 

"lis not in mortals to command success. 

But we'll do more, Sempronius — we'll deserve it. 



BALL, David Ithiel, 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

The distinctive prestige Mr. Ball has 
gained as an eminent lawyer is the result 



of over forty years' close application to 
his profession as a member of the War- 
ren county bar, in practice in all State 
and Federal courts of the district. In 
the many notable cases in which he has 
appeared as counsel, he has demonstrated 
a deep knowledge of the law, an expert- 
ness in handling and presenting his 
cases, a painstaking manner of prepara- 
tion, an honesty of purpose and a fair- 
ness which have won him the highest 
respect of the bench and bar. His clien- 
tele is a large and influential one, and in 
professional standing no member of the 
Warren bar outranks him. As a citizen 
he has received the continuous support of 
his fellowmen for every office to which he 
has aspired, has rendered borough and 
county most efficient service; and in 
1897, na d Governor Hastings heeded the 
strong personal letters and petitions 
showered upon him, Mr. Ball would have 
received the appointment to fill a vacancy 
then existing upon the bench of the Su- 
perior Court of the State. 

He is a son of Abel and Lucy Maria 
(Northrop) Ball, and a grandson of 
Moses and Persilla (Ball) Ball, Moses 
Ball of Connecticut birth, but a resident 
of New York State. Abel Ball was born 
in 1800, and died October 19, 1853. He 
resided in New York until about 1821, 
then settled in Warren, Pennsylvania, 
but later moved to a farm in Farmington 
township, Warren county, where he was 
engaged in agriculture until six years 
prior to his death, when he was stricken 
with an illness which confined him to his 
bed during those last years of his life. 
He married Lucy Maria Northrop, born 
June 14, 1808 died December 26, 1897, 
daughter of Gideon and Esther (Munson) 
Northop, he a soldier of the Revolution. 
Mrs. Ball survived her husband, and 
alone reared her children, who were 
young at the time of their father's death. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



This trust she faithfully performed with 
a true mother's patience and devotion. 
Mr. and Mrs. Ball were the parents of: 
David Ithiel Ball, of further mention ; 
Fanny Rosilla, born May 30, 1846, died 
July 15, 1905 ; Munson Monroe, born 
August 26, 1847, died August 13, 1874. 
By a former marriage Mrs. Ball had a 
daughter, Mary Sophia, who married 
James Cooper, and died June 19, 1902, 
aged seventy-five years. 

David Ithiel Ball was born in Farm- 
ington township, Warren county, Penn- 
sylvania, June 13, 1844, and there 
absorbed all the advantages offered by 
the local schools. He then attended 
Jamestown (New York) Union School 
for a time, and later was graduated from 
Jamestown Collegiate Institute. Follow- 
ing graduation he taught for several 
terms in Warren county schools, but hav- 
ing decided upon his life work, began the 
study of law under the preceptorship of 
Judge Brown, of the Warren county bar. 
In 1875 he passed the required tests of 
the examining board and was duly admit- 
ted to the bar of his native county. He 
was at once admitted a partner with 
Judge Brown, and as Brown & Ball they 
practiced in Warren until the elevation 
of the senior partner to the bench. Mr. 
Ball then formed a partnership with C. 
C. Thompson, which association con- 
tinued several years. 

In proof of the importance of the prac- 
tice Mr. Ball has conducted, it is only 
necessary to cite the fact that his name is 
associated as counsel with nearly one 
hundred and fifty cases in the Supreme 
and Superior courts of the State, some of 
them among the most celebrated in the 
legal annals of the State. Among them 
are the Ford and Lacy cases, involving 
valuable lands, which occupied the atten- 
tion of the court for two years; the con- 
spiracy case, The Commonwealth vs. 



Ralph, Tolles et al., involving the title 
to oil lands ; Babcock vs. Day, and the 
Borough of Warren vs. Geer. For many 
years he was an administrator of the 
estate of L. A. Robertson, his bond being 
$600,000. Through his professional and 
business life he has stood for that which 
was good and true, his character as a 
man of sterling uprightness equalling his 
high standing as a lawyer. He is a mem- 
ber of the various bar associations, 
county, State and national, and to other 
professional societies. 

In July, 1862, Mr. Ball enlisted in Com- 
pany C, Independent Pennsylvania In- 
fantry, and later served in Battery H, 
Independent Pennsylvania Artillery, serv- 
ing with the latter in Virginia during the 
threatening period when Washington was 
menaced by the Confederates. He is a 
member of Eben N. Ford Post, Grand 
Army of the Republic, an organization 
in which he takes a deep interest. In pol- 
itics a Republican, Mr. Ball has ever 
taken active part in campaign work, is a 
popular platform orator, and in party 
councils his is a potent voice. In 1871 he 
was elected treasurer of Warren county, 
serving one term ; from 1893 until 1902 
he was a member of the Warren board 
of education, serving as president of the 
board during six of those years. He was 
chairman of the building committee in 
charge of the erection of the high school 
building, and served in the same capacity 
during the erection of two of the grade 
buildings. In 1897 he was strongly 
urged for appointment to the Superior 
Court bench, but stronger influences were 
brought to bear upon Governor Hastings, 
and the vacancy then existing was filled 
by another. When the Progressive move- 
ment culminated in 1912 in the nomina- 
tion of Theodore Roosevelt for the Presi- 
dency, Mr. Ball joined heartily in the 
movement, and although he had been pre- 



48 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



viously nominated for presidential elec- 
tor by the State Republican Convention, 
he withdrew his name and accepted the 
same nomination from the Progressive 
party. In the campaign which followed 
he rendered valuable service, and was 
one of the contributing causes which car- 
ried Pennsylvania for the National Pro- 
gressive candidates, Roosevelt and John- 
son. In religious faith he is a Presbyter- 
ian, served for a time as president of the 
board of trustees, and has long been an 
elder. 

Mr. Ball married, in 1871, Lucy Ma- 
tilda Robinson, daughter of Elijah and 
Caroline (Northrop) Robinson, of Farm- 
ington township. Mrs. Ball is an earn- 
est, efficient worker for the cause of relig- 
ion and charity, a devoted member of the 
Women's Christian Temperance Union, 
and the Society of Christian Workers, 
through whose efforts the Home for the 
Friendless (now the Warren Emergency 
Hospital), managed entirely by a board 
of woman directors. The hospital was 
incorporated March 25, 1898, Mrs. Ball, 
a charter member, being elected to serve 
on the first board of directors, an office 
she held for twelve years, until her resig- 
nation in December, 1910. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ball are the parents of a 
daughter May, who married, June 24, 
1909, Dr. William Charles DeForest, and 
has children : David Ball, Lucy Ball, 
Charles A. L., and William George De- 
Forest. 



McCLINTOCK, Andrew H., 

Lawyer, Enterprising Citizen, 

Among the learned professions gener- 
ally, and especially that of the law, there 
has grown up a great body of tradition, 
an atmosphere, it might be said, the inten- 
sity and mass of which it is very difficult 
to imagine for those who have never 

P»-10— 4 



entered it. The law is the heir of many 
ages, not merely in its substance, its 
proper matter, but in a myriad connota- 
tions and associations involving all thos~e\ 
great figures who have names to conjure; 
with and all the great mass of its votaries, 
who from time immemorial have dealt] 
with and in it, also the great men who 
have made and adapted it, the learned 
who have interpreted and practiced it, the 
multitude who have been protected and 
also, alas, victimized by it. From each 
and all it has gained its wisdom or wit, 
its eloquence or its tale of human feeling 
which may serve to point a moral, until, 
by a sort of process of natural selection, 
there has arisen a sort of system of ideals^ 
and standards, lofty in themselves and a\ 
spur to the high-minded, a check to the 
unscrupulous, which none may safely dis- 
regard. The bench and bar in America 
may certainly point with pride to the 
manner in which their members have 
maintained the splendid traditions of the 
profession, yes, and added their own, no 
inconsiderable quota to the ideals of a 
future time. The McClintock family of 
Pennsylvania has now for two genera- 
tions contributed to the bar of that State 
members who have been representative 
of these best traditions and who, through 
long careers of successful practice, have 
maintained and given emphasis to the 
highest standards and ideals of the law. 

The McClintock family is an old and 
honored one in Pennsylvania, and traces 
its descent to one James McClintock and 
his wife, Jean (Payne) McClintock, of 
the little town of Raphoe, County Done- 
gal, Ireland. But though the progenitor 
of the family in America lived in Ireland, 
the line did not originate there, the ances- 
tors of James McClintock having dwelt 
originally in Argylshire, Scotland, from 
which place three sons of Gilbert Mc- 
Clintock emigrated and settled near Lon- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



donderry, Ireland, from one of whom 
James McClintock was descended. This 
James McClintock had in turn a son, 
Samuel McClintock, who emigrated from 
Ireland to America in the year 1795, and 
settled in Northumberland county, Penn- 
sylvania. He was the first of the name to 
make his home in this State, but later 
his father followed him here and settled 
in Lycoming county. Samuel McClintock 
died in the year 1812, when only thirty- 
six years of age. Pie married, July 15, 
1806, Hannah Todd, a daughter of Col- 
onel Andrew Todd, one of the early fami- 
lies in this State, Colonel Todd having 
been born in the town of Providence here 
in 1752. He married Hannah Bowyer, 
also a native of Providence, born in the 
same year. They resided during their 
entire lives in this town, and died May 5, 
1833, and May 28, 1836, respectively. 
Hannah Bowyer was a daughter of Ste- 
phen and Elizabeth (Edwards) Bowyer, 
her father having been a farmer near the 
Providence church. Colonel Andrew 
Todd was an extensive land owner in 
the region of Trappe, Upper Providence 
township, Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania. He was, according to tradition, 
something of an inventive genius and 
very skillful in all sorts of mechanical 
handicrafts. He was a member of the 
old Providence Presbyterian Church, and 
a soldier in the Revolutionary Army. He 
held the office of justice of the peace for 
thirty-three years, having been elected 
thereto, May 22, 1800, and only ceasing 
to hold it at the time of his death. His 
father, Robert Todd, was, like the pro- 
genitor of the McClintock family, a native 
of Ireland, where he was born in the year 
1697. He emigrated to this country with 
his wife, who had been Isabella Bodley. 
of County Down, Ireland, where she was 
born in 1700. Robert Todd's dearth 
occurred in 1790, at the age of ninety- 



three years, and he and his wife were the 
parents of nine children of whom Col- 
onel Andrew Todd was the youngest. 
The grandfather of Colonel Todd was 
John Todd, and this was also the name of 
his great-grandfather, both of whom lived 
and died in Ireland. Hannah Todd, the 
daughter of Colonel Andrew Todd, mar- 
ried Samuel McClintock, July 15, 1806, 
as is stated above, and among their chil- 
dren was Andrew Todd McClintock, one 
of the eminent attorneys of the State in 
his day. 

Andrew Todd McClintock, LL. D., son 
of Samuel and Hannah (Todd) McClin- 
tock, was born February 2, 1810, at his 
father's home in Northumberland county, 
Pennsylvania. He was but two years old 
when his father died, but his mother was 
determined that he should receive the 
best possible educational advantages, and 
as a child sent him to the local public 
schools. He was prepared for college 
here and upon graduation from high 
school matriculated at Kenyon College, 
Ohio. Here he soon became a prominent 
member of his class in which were a num- 
ber of young men destined later to make 
distinguished names for themselves in 
various departments of the country's life. 
Among these the best known was Edwin 
M. Stanton, the famous Secretary of 
War under President Lincoln, and there 
was also future Judge Frank Hurd, one 
of the most conspicuous figures in Ohio 
politics on the Democratic side, and there 
also was Rufus King, the celebrated edu- 
cator, who became dean of the law school 
in Cincinnati. In these distinctly stimu- 
lating surroundings, young Mr. McClin- 
tock remained for three years, making a 
reputation for himself as a brilliant and 
intelligent student, and at the end of this 
period returned to his native Northum- 
berland county, having determined in the 
meanwhile to make law his profession in 



50 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



life. Accordingly he entered the office of 
James Hepburn, but about a year later 
removed to Wilkes-Barre and completed 
his studies under the preceptorship of the 
elder Judge Woodward, an eminent attor- 
ney of this city. On August 8, 1836, Mr. 
McClintock was admitted to the practice 
of his profession at the bar of Luzerne 
county, and at once became a partner of 
his former tutor, the firm becoming 
Woodward & McClintock. This partner- 
ship continued until the year 1839, by 
which time Mr. McClintock had already 
won a brilliant reputation for himself as 
may be seen in the fact that he was 
appointed district attorney for Luzerne 
county. In this responsible post he added 
to his reputation and discharged the 
duties of his office in a manner to meet 
the entire approval of his constituents in 
the community-at-large. However, at 
the end of one year, he resigned his post 
and returned once more to regular prac- 
tice. It is interesting to note here, as illus- 
trating Mr. McClintock's disinterested 
devotion to his profession, that this was 
the only public office ever held by him, 
for although he was frequently urged to 
become a candidate for other honorable 
posts, he consistently refused and he 
even declined the candidacy for the judg- 
ship of the Luzerne county Court of 
Common Pleas. His friends and associ- 
ates united in urging upon him this nom- 
ination, feeling that no man was better 
fitted to exercise the judicial capacity, but 
his shrinking from public notice and his 
interest in his active practice as an attor- 
ney, combined to make Mr. McClintock 
firm in his refusal, although he showed 
evidently how pleased he was at the con- 
fidence reposed in him. In the year 1873, 
however, he accepted the appointment of 
Governor Hartranft to a membership of 
the commission charged with the revi- 
sion of the State Constitution, and in this 



work was the colleague of such men as 
Chief Justice Agnew, Benjamin Harris 
Brewster, Attorney-General Samuel E. 
Dinnick, United States Senator Wallace, 
Senator Playford, Henry W. Williams, 
and the judges of the Supreme Court of 
Pennsylvania, who were all his fellow 
commissioners and eminent jurists, every 
one. Mr. McClintock, while his practice 
was a general one, specialized to a cer- 
tain extent in corporation law, being 
most deeply versed in this branch of his 
science and the counsel for many well 
known corporations, 

Andrew Todd McClintock was a man 
of the greatest public spirit, and was 
always ready to perform whatever service 
he could for the community. He was a 
leader in many movements which had 
the welfare of the city as their end, and 
was also affiliated with a number of its 
most prominent institutions, especially 
those which were concerned with various 
civic purposes and philanthropic objects. 
He was a director of the Wyoming Na- 
tional Bank, of the City Hospital and the 
Home for Friendless Children ; president 
of the Hollenback Cemetery Associa- 
tion and of the Wilkes-Barre Law and 
Library Association. He was a member 
of the Wyoming Historical and Geologi- 
cal Society, serving as vice-president of 
this organization from i860 to 1875, and 
president in 1876 and 1889-91. The hon- 
orary degree of LL. D. was conferred 
upon him in 1870 by Princeton College. 

His life work and the commanding position he 
attained at the bar and in the community where 
he lived, signify more plainly than words the 
measure of his abilities and the nobleness of his 
character. In stature he was tall, of massive 
frame and endowed with great strength and en- 
durance, dignified in bearing, yet gentle, genial 
and sincere in temperament ; the grace of his 
presence and the charm of his manner impressed 
everyone who came within the range of their in- 
fluence 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Andrew Todd McClintock was united 
in marriage, May n, 1841, with Augusta 
Cist, a daughter of Jacob and Sarah (Hol- 
lenback) Cist, and a native of Wilkes- 
Barre, born in the year 1817, and died 
September 24, 1895. Her family was 
very prominent during the early life of 
the city, and took an active part in its 
growth and development. Mr. and Mrs. 
McClintock were the parents of four chil- 
dren, as follows : Helen Grinnan, born 
January 19, 1846, at Wilkes-Barre, died 
January 14, 1894; Alice Mary, born Jan- 
uary 31, 1848, died October 12, 1900, 
became the wife of John Vaughan Darling ; 
Andrew Hamilton, mentioned below; and 
Jean Hamilton, born February 22, 1855, 
died April 15, 1891. 

Physically, a man of noble proportions, 
the gift of both paternal and maternal 
forebears, mentally highly endowed, with 
a heart that quickly responded to every 
appeal, Andrew Todd McClintock was a 
giant among men. He would have won 
eminence in any field of labor, but he 
chose the law, a most confining profes- 
sion and one which would seem to be ill- 
fitted to his physical characteristics 
which would appear to have been more 
at home in an active out-door environ- 
ment. His mind, however, was particu- 
larly well qualified for his chosen sub- 
ject, and he was deeply learned in the 
principles of common law. As an advo- 
cate he was especially strong and almost 
appeared to have an intuitive knowledge 
of the mental processes of those whom he 
addressed, a quality which made him ex- 
tremely effective before a jury. Wit, 
humor and pathos abounded in his 
speech, but he never descended to play 
upon the emotions to accomplish his end, 
but always had a background of keen 
and trenchant reason to support his every 
plea. He was most genial, open-handed 
and friendly, and his life was truly a suc- 



cession of good deeds, and the number of 
his friends was legion. 

Andrew Hamilton McClintock, only 
son of Andrew Todd and Augusta (Cist) 
McClintock, was born December 12, 1852, 
at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, and has 
made this city his home and the scene 
of his active professional career ever since. 
The elementary portion of his education 
was received at the local schools, and 
later he entered Princeton College, and 
graduated from this institution with the 
class of 1872, when only nineteen years 
of age, taking the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. In 1875 tne honorary degree of 
Master of Arts was conferred upon him 
by his alma mater. It was very natural 
that, brought up as he was in his father's 
household, where he came in contact con- 
tinually with legal tradition and atmos- 
phere, that he should have selected the 
law as his profession, and accordingly he 
began the study of this subject in his 
father's office and also under the precep- 
torship of Edward P. and J. Vaughan 
Darling, the latter his brother-in-law. He 
pursued his studies to such good purpose 
that he was admitted to the bar in Lu- 
zerne county, January 20, 1876, and at 
once began his professional career in asso- 
ciation with his father. As time went on 
and young Mr. McClintock proved his 
eminent capacity to handle whatever 
legal matters were entrusted to him, Mr. 
McClintock, Sr., gradually withdrew 
more and more from active life and left 
it to his son to manage the great legal 
practice which he had built up. His large 
clientele, including many of the wealthi- 
est corporations of the region, remained 
faithful to him and the great legal busi- 
ness has rather increased than diminished 
with the course of time. Like his father, 
Mr. McClintock was quite unambitious 
for political preferment, and like him also 
he was a staunch member of the Demo- 



52 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



cratic party. Outside of the limits of 
his profession he has affiliated himself 
with many of the largest and most im- 
portant institutions in the city, and may 
be considered a leader in most of the 
departments of the community's life. He 
is president of the Wyoming National 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre, a director of the 
Lehigh & Wilkes-Barre Coal Company, 
the Lehigh & Luzerne Coal Company, 
the Honey Brook Water Company, the 
Hollenback Cemetery Association, the 
Miners' Savings Bank of Wilkes-Barre, 
a trustee and director of the Home for 
Friendless Children, and a trustee of the 
Osterhout Free Library of Wilkes-Barre. 
Mr. McClintock is a conspicuous figure in 
the club life of the community, and is a 
member of the Westmoreland Club, the 
Wyoming Valley Country Club of 
Wilkes-Barre, the Hazleton Country 
Club of Hazleton, of the Pennsylvania 
Society Sons of the American Revolution, 
and of the Wyoming Historical and Geo- 
logical Society, of which he was libra- 
rian from 1883 to 1885 and treasurer from 
1886 to 1895. In his religious belief Mr. 
McClintock is a Presbyterian, and is a 
member and trustee of the First Church 
of that denomination in Wilkes-Barre. 
He is also the treasurer of this church 
at the present time, and is thus intimately 
connected with it as was his father, who 
for many years was an elder. 

Andrew Hamilton McClintock was 
united in marriage, December 1, 1880, 
with Eleanor Welles, a daughter of Col- 
onel Charles F. Welles, Jr., and Elizabeth 
(LaPorte) Welles, his wife. Mrs. Mc- 
Clintock is descended on the maternal 
side of her family from Governor Thomas 
Welles, of Connecticut, who was the first 
treasurer of that colony, and on the ma- 
ternal side from Bartholomew LaPorte, 
a member of the French Refugee Colony 
at Asylum, Bradford county, Pennsyl- 



vania. Mr. and Mrs. McClintock became 
the parents of two children, as follows: 
1. Gilbert Stuart, born December 27, 
1886, and like his brother studied at and 
was graduated from the Harry Hill- 
man Academy at Wilkes-Barre; he then 
attended the Lawrenceville School at 
Lawrenceville, New Jersey, and from 
there entered Princeton University and 
was graduated with the class of 1908; 
he has followed in the steps of his father 
and grandfather in choosing the law as 
his profession, and pursued that subject 
at the law school connected with the 
University of Pennsylvania ; he is at the 
present time associated with his father 
in the practice of the law, and gives ample 
evidence of having inherited the brilliant 
qualities of his progenitors. 2. Andrew 
Todd, born January 21, 1889, and now 
one of the most prominent of the younger 
physicians of Wilkes-Barre ; he was grad- 
uated from the Harry Hillman Academy 
at Wilkes-Barre, with the class of 1903, 
and like his father entered Princeton Uni- 
versity ; he was graduated from Prince- 
ton with the class of 1907, and had in the 
meantime made up his mind to follow 
medicine as his career in life; accord- 
ingly he entered the medical school con- 
nected with the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, and received his medical degree 
from that institution in 191 1 ; in the years 
1912-13, both inclusive, he held the post 
of resident physician in the Wilkes-Barre 
City Hospital, and here gained much val- 
uable practical experience ; in 1913 he 
went abroad and pursued his medical 
studies at Vienna for about a year; he 
returned in the autumn of 1914 to the 
United States, and at once took up the 
active practice of his profession in his 
native city; Dr. McClintock has already 
won a wide reputation for himself in the 
medical world, and is specializing to a 
large extent in the subject of internal 
medicine. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



WHITMAN, Benjamin, 

Man of Affairs, Litterateur. 

No man in the city of Erie, Pennsyl- 
vania, was as well known as Bejamin 
Whitman, his speaking acquaintances 
numbering half the population of the city. 
A decade has passed since he was called 
to his reward, but his memory is green, 
and as long as the men of Erie admire 
public spirit, enlightened vision, civic 
pride and devotion to duty, so long will 
he be remembered. He was a high type 
of the self-made, home-loving American, 
who coupled with business sagacity and 
success an intellectual culture and a lit- 
erary taste that gave him a place in the 
life of the city peculiarly his own. Essen- 
tially a man of the people, a deep interest 
in their welfare was expressed in his acts, 
and he never ceased to be concerned for 
their well being, and he did a great deal 
to endear himself to his fellowmen. It 
is to his untiring energy and interest that 
Erie owes the magnificent public library 
which belongs to the humblest citizen and 
to the most exalted. He aroused the sen- 
timent which demanded such an institu- 
tion, was the author of the Pennsylvania 
Free Public Library Bill which made it 
possible, and it stands to-day a splendid 
and most fitting memorial to the life and 
services of Benjamin Whitman, journal- 
ist, publicist, man of affairs, author, 
scholar, traveler and public official. He 
was a native son of Pennsylvania, his 
parents, George F. and Mary (Demper- 
lay) Whitman, of Middletown, Dauphin 
county, he their first born son. 

Benjamin Whitman was born in Mid- 
dletown, Pennsylvania, January 28, 1840, 
died in the City of Mexico, Old Mexico, 
March 14, 1908, he being at the time on 
a travel tour, as was his custom each 
spring. He attended public school in 
Middletown until eleven years of age, 



then became an inmate of his uncle's 
home in Bradford county, Pennsylvania, 
there continuing school study until fifteen 
years of age, the stern business of life 
then beginning for the lad. He began 
learning the printer's trade in the offices 
of the Harrisburg "Telegraph," then the 
leading newspaper of the capital city. 
Three years later, and he was then only 
eighteen, he bought an interest in the 
Middletown "Journal," his home town 
paper, and became its editor. Just why 
does not appear, but he sold the "Journal" 
after six months' ownership, and until the 
winter of 1859 was engaged in journalis- 
tic work at Lancaster and Harrisburg. 
He taught school in Middletown, the 
winter of 1859-60, then located in Erie, 
Pennsylvania, a city which was ever 
afterward his home. 

He did not accidentally stumble upon 
Erie as a location, but came upon invita- 
tion from Andrew Hopkins, then man- 
aging editor and owner of the Erie "Ob- 
server," who offered the young man of 
twenty the position of assistant-editor. 
This throws a strong light upon the jour- 
nalistic ability of Mr. Whitman, even at 
that early age. One year after his arrival 
in Erie he bought an interest in the 
"Observer," a weekly paper, and in Jan- 
uary, 1864, became sole owner and editor. 
Four fourteen years he retained control 
of the paper and its editorial policy, win- 
ning success from nine professional and 
financial points of view. He displayed 
splendid editorial ability, his views were 
sound and so well expressed that they 
won him friendships that only death dis- 
solved. He retired from active news- 
paper work, December 1, 1878, but all his 
life he was connected with some form of 
literary work and was an able writer 
whose contributions were welcome in any 
newspaper office. He was Erie's most 
successful newspaper editor and laid the 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



foundation of his fortune while a jour- 
nalist. His business activities thereafter 
were chiefly in connection with real 
estate development and financiering and 
the fulfilling of public trusts. He had 
abounding faith in the future of Erie, and 
took pride in being a factor in its rapid 
growth. He encouraged workmen to 
become home owners, and through his 
advice and encouragement what was once 
a desolate part of the city became a sec- 
tion of neat homes, with sewers, pave- 
ments and every other improvement. His 
work in that section stamps him a pub- 
lic benefactor and will endure. 

Mr. Whitman was a Democrat in poli- 
tics and a recognized leader, enjoying the 
confidence of those two strong national 
leaders, Senator Wallace and Congress- 
man Samuel J. Randall. He was a per- 
sonal and political friend of Governor 
Pattison, and largely through that friend- 
ship and Mr. Whitman's influence, Erie 
was chosen as the site for the Pennsyl- 
vania Soldiers' Home. Governor Patti- 
son appointed him executive chairman of 
Pennsylvania's World's Fair Commis- 
sion, and for some time he was chairman 
of the Democratic County Committee. He 
was a delegate to the National Conven- 
tion of 1884, which nominated Grover 
Cleveland for President of the United 
States, and was delegate to many State 
conventions of his party, also was a mem- 
ber of the State Central Committee. He 
was never an office seeker, in fact stead- 
fastly declined to allow his name to be 
used in connection with any office, city, 
county or State. But he did use his 
great political influence cheerfully in the 
city of Erie. In 1881, without any solici- 
tation on his own part, he was appointed 
by Judge Galbraith to a place upon the 
Erie Board of Water Commissioners, a 
position, non-political, which' he held 
until 1887, his service to the city being 



very valuable. In the World's Fair Com- 
mission he served as chairman until ill 
health compelled him to resign in the 
spring of 1893, but at the earnest solicita- 
tion of the other members he remained 
on the commission and helped to plan, fit 
up and equip the State building and State 
exhibits as well as preparing the report 
of the board. 

Other public service rendered was as 
trustee of Erie Academy, and in his prep- 
aration of the "History of Erie County," 
published in 1884. In 1896 he compiled 
the State, county and local matter in Nel- 
son's Biographical Dictionary. He deliv- 
ered many political speeches and ad- 
dresses, and it was long his habit to make 
extended travel tours, and upon his 
return to Erie to give interesting and 
instructive travel talks on lectures on the 
wonders he had seen. Only a short time 
before his last tour he published a book 
describing his travels in the Holy Land, 
and to other famed historical localities. 
Cuba and the West Indies were visited, 
and in Old Mexico he was stricken with 
his fatal illness. While he was actively 
identified with every movement to make 
Erie a greater city, and his enthusiasm 
inspired others, there is one institution 
whom all agree is to be credited to his 
untiring energy and devoted interest, The 
Free Public Library. The following ex- 
tract from a resolution adopted by his 
associates of the board of trustees, fit- 
tingly expresses their regard for his 
work: 

Mr. Whitman's interest in our Library — his 
loyalty to the Cause of Education — his liberality 
or catholicity of spirit — cannot be better ex- 
pressed than by using his own words. In his 
address as presiding officer of the day, at the 
dedication of the Library, February 16, 1899, 
among other things, he said: "This is the peo- 
ple's building — not for a favored few only. It 
was built by the people for the use of the people 
of all creeds, colors, races and conditions. There 



55 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



must be no distinction here — no prejudice, no 
preferences. The poorest man and woman must 
be made to feel as welcome as the richest ; the 
child of the humblest laboring man must receive 
as kind attention as the son or daughter of the 
grandest and the proudest." And in closing his 
address he said : "I congratulate you ladies and 
gentlemen upon the dawn of a new and better 
day for our city and country. The erection of 
this building will extend the fame of our city, 
far and wide, and the Library, if properly con- 
ducted, will improve the tone, the spirit and the 
sentiment of this entire section. You have cause 
to feel proud that Erie has been the first City in 
the Commonwealth to avail herself of the Free 
Library Act of 1895, and that she has done her 
part in a way that promises so much for the 
future." 

Mr. Whitman was a member of the 
Erie Press Club, and an honorary mem- 
ber of the Erie Typographical Union. He 
was long affiliated with Perry Lodge, 
Free and Accepted Masons, and when 
the time came to lay him in Erie Ceme- 
tery the beautiful Masonic service was 
fully carried out at the grave. Memorial 
services were held at the lodge rooms in 
Masonic Temple and fitting eulogies were 
delivered. The Erie Board of Education 
also testified to his high character in res- 
olutions of respect, and the press of the 
State vied in their expressions of respect 
to his memory. 

Mr. Whitman married, May 31, 1870, 
Mary Emma Teel, daughter of Silas E. 
and Julia A. Teel. Mrs. Whitman con- 
tinues her residence in Erie. 



PAYNE, EDWARD F., 

Extensive Coal Operator. 

Edward F. Payne comes of a family 
which for three generations has been 
prominent in the coal mining industry in 
Pennsylvania, and he was one of the most 
conspicuous figures in the development 
of this great business during his life. As 
a man Mr. Payne occupied a position in 
his community held but by few. The 



worth of his citizenship was recognized 
by all his associates, and in whatever 
capacity he filled his work was done with 
the same high efficiency and conscien- 
tious devotion which marked his life as 
a whole. He was a man of strict integ- 
rity and lofty purpose, and he counted his 
friends among the high and the lowly, his 
friendship for them being always faith- 
ful and sure. He was possessed of a 
kindly heart and genial disposition, and 
was at all times very approachable, his 
outlook on life being fundamentally dem- 
ocratic. Mr. Payne's family was of Irish 
origin, and was founded in America by 
one Robert Payne, a native of Bally Com- 
mon, Kings county, Ireland, who with 
his wife, Mary A. (Chamberlain) Payne, 
came to America with their son Edward, 
and settled in Canada. Robert Payne's 
wife was a daughter of the Rev. William 
Chamberlain, a clergyman of the Estab- 
lished Church of England, resident at 
Bally Common. When Edward Payne, 
the son of the immigrant, had grown to 
young manhood, he came from Canada to 
the United States, and settling in Penn- 
sylvania he soon became interested in the 
coal business there, and eventually be- 
came a noted operator. He married Pris- 
cilla Standish, a young lady of English 
family, and made their home in Schuylkill 
county, Pennsylvania. 

Edward F. Payne, son of Edward and 
Priscilla (Standish) Payne, was born at 
his father's home in Schuylkill county, 
Pennsylvania, and passed the first few 
years of his childhood at his native place. 
While still young, however, he was sent 
to the public school at Jersey City, New 
Jersey, where he was a student for a num- 
ber of years. Upon completing his course 
at this institution, he returned to his 
native State and then engaged in the 
business in which his father had already 
made so notable a success. He held in 



56 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



succession the positions of outside and 
inside foreman of the East Boston Mine 
at Wilkes-Barre, and was eventually 
made general superintendent of the col- 
liery. Sometime later he and his brother, 
William G. Payne, purchased the entire 
property from its former owners and suc- 
ceeded them in the great business which 
they had built up. The great organizing 
abilities of Mr. Payne rendered the suc- 
cess of their concern secure from the out- 
set, and the business steadily grew in 
size and importance up to the time of his 
retirement therefrom. He was recognized 
as one of the most energetic and capable 
managers in Luzerne county, and his 
works were unusually free from the labor 
disturbances which have proved so great 
a menace to the average colliery. This 
was undoubtedly due to the unusual 
kindness and consideration with which 
he treated his employees and all those 
who worked for him in any capacity. 
Indeed he won for himself a very enviable 
reputation in this connection throughout 
the region, so that he always had his pick 
of the best laborers thereabouts. His per- 
sonality was an unusually genial one, and 
he made friends easily in whatever class 
he happened to come in contact with. 
After many years of active management, 
Mr. Payne finally disposed of his inter- 
ests in the East Boston Coal Company, 
and retired from business. But although 
he no longer actively took part in the 
business world, he continued to hold 
extensive and valuable interests in soft 
coal properties in West Virginia, and 
these are still retained in his family. He 
. was also a director of the Miners' Bank 
of Wilkes-Barre, an office which he con- 
tinued to hold up to the time of his death. 
Mr. Payne was exceedingly prominent 
in the social life of Wilkes-Barre and its 
environs, and was a member of the West- 
moreland Club of that city. He was also 



prominently affiliated with the Masonic 
order, and was a member of the lodge, 
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons; the 
chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; the coun- 
cil, Royal and Select Masters, and the 
commandery, Knights Templar. In his 
religious belief Mr. Payne was a Presby- 
terian, and was a member of the First 
Church of that denomination at Wilkes- 
Barre. 

Edward F. Payne was united in mar- 
riage, June 22, 1876, with Elsie Reith, a 
daughter of George and Ann (Esson) 
Reith, both of whom were natives of 
Scotland. Four children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Payne, as follows: Edith. 
June 14, 1877 > Edward, who died Octo- 
ber 22, 1884; Ellen Arline, born Septem- 
ber 28, 1885 ; and Bruce B., born April 
27, 1889. 

Mr. Payne was a man of strong indi- 
viduality, whose mind was capable of 
thinking clearly and originally and who 
was always independent in thought, word 
and action. This is well shown in his 
attitude toward politics, in which he 
always maintained a free and non-par- 
tisan judgment. He reserved the right 
to decide for himself upon all political 
issues and voted for that candidate which 
he honestly believed to be the best for 
the community, irrespective of the party 
name with which he was labeled. His 
death, which occurred on October 17, 1910, 
was felt as a severe loss by the entire 
community and there were many expres- 
sions of sorrow and regret as well as 
admiration for his past life and achieve- 
ments, from the most varied sources. The 
resolutions passed by the Miners' Bank of 
Wilkes-Barre, of which Mr. Payne had 
been director for so many years, deserve 
to be here quoted. They were as follows : 

The Committee appointed to draft appropriate 
resolutions upon the death of Mr. Edward F. 
Payne submit the following : 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Resolved, That in the death of Mr. Edward 
F. Pa.vne this board has lost a faithful and con- 
scientious member, who, both as director and sec- 
retary, has served it with characteristic earnest- 
ness and zealous devotion to duty. 

Resolved, That we recognize the great interest 
he always took in the affairs of this institution, 
and that we deeply mourn for him as one in every 
way worthy of our esteem and regard, and one 
who from out intimate association with him on 
this board and because of his superior social and 
business qualities had become greatly endeared to 
us all. 

Resolved, That we sincerely condole with his 
family in their bereavement and, that as a testi- 
monial of our sympathy and sorrow, a copy of 
these resolutions be forwarded to them, and that 
the same be entered in full upon our minutes and 
that we attend the funeral in a body. 

Mr. Payne was a most public-spirited 
citizen and there were very few move- 
ments of any importance undertaken with 
the city's interests in view with which 
he was not identified. He was a man of 
strong, almost Puritanic virtues, but his 
fellows never felt any inconvenience from 
the somewhat stern tone of his morality, 
since it was only himself that he applied 
it to, only himself whom he insisted upon 



if they were rich or poor, high or low. 
This lack of respect for the accompani- 
ments of fortune is a quality greatly 
admired by all men, who feel an instinc- 
tive trust in those who possess it, and it 
was probably this as much as anything 
that accounted for the popularity which 
Mr. Payne enjoyed. In all the relations 
of life his conduct was irreproachable, 
and he might well be considered as a 
model of good citizenship and worthy 
manhood. Mr. Payne was a most loving 
father, a devoted husband and a friend of 
all men. 



FLICK, R. Jay, 

Journalist, Leader in Community Affairs. 

R. Jay Flick, one of the best known 
and most popular business men, espe- 
cially in connection with the real estate 
field, in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, is 
a descendant of a very old and distin- 
guished family, which has been repre- 
sented in this State from the middle of 
the eighteenth century, when it was 



living up to his ideals. For every other founded here by his ancestor, Gerlach 



man this was tempered with a large and 
wise tolerance, the tolerance of the phil- 
osopher who realizes that it is only him- 
self for whom he is responsible and that, 
although others may, and should be influ- 
enced in all ways possible in the direc- 
tion of the right, yet more than this is 
vain and that no one man has a right to 
formulate a code of ethics for his fellows. 
He was a man of deep sympathy for his 
fellows, especially all such as had suf- 
fered misfortune of any kind, and to these 
he was always ready to extend a helping 
hand. In his treatment of his fellows he 
was able to meet all men on a common 
ground, and his judgment of them was 
not influenced by any conditions of an 
exterior nature. All men were equal to 
him and it never occurred to him to ask 



Paul Flick. This Gerlach Paul Flick was 
a native of Germany, and emigrated from 
his home land for the American colonies 
in the good ship "Neptune," which 
arrived at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
September 23, 1751. Gerlach Paul Flick 
did not remain in the city, however, but 
having that spirit of enterprise which 
formed the early pioneers of this coun- 
try, he set out at once into what wa? 
then practically a pathless wilderness, 
and eventually settled in Northampton 
county, Pennsylvania, in one of the 
frontier communities of that day. It is 
remarkable how rapidly these communi- 
ties developed and how soon the various 
industries which we associate with civili- 
zation and progress found their way to 
the frontier. One of these was brought 



58 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



by the original ancestor of the Flick fam- 
ily, who erected a mill and became the 
miller for the surrounding region. He 
was successful in his enterprise, and 
became a man much respected and 
esteemed by the neighborhood. His death 
finally occurred there at the venerable 
age of ninety-nine years. The great 
longevity of this family through many 
generations is a matter of record, and is 
referred to with pride by their descend- 
ants. 

Gerlach Paul Flick was the father of 
three sons, Paul, Martin and Casper, all 
of whom were born at his home in the 
village of Moore, Moore township, North- 
ampton county, Pennsylvania. Of these 
the youngest, Casper, was the ancestor of 
the branch of the family with which we 
are here concerned. Casper Flick fol- 
lowed in his father's footsteps, and was 
engaged in the milling business all his 
life. At the time of the Revolution, he 
joined the patriot forces and took part 
in that momentous struggle. His death 
occurred at the age of eighty-two years, 
and he was the father of twelve children, 
nearly all of whom lived to be over eighty 
years old. 

The eldest of his children, John Flick, 
was born January I, 1783, and died Janu- 
ary 1, 1869, being at that time eighty-six 
years to a day. During his early life his 
occupation was that of a miller, and he 
became very prominent in the life of 
Northampton county. Like his father, he 
was a patriot and served his country as a 
soldier during the War of 1812, being 
mustered out when peace was finally 
declared. He was a Democrat in politics, 
and took an active part in public affairs, 
being undoubtedly one of the leading citi- 
zens of Northampton county during his 
life. He was county commissioner of 
Northampton, Monroe, Carbon and Le- 
high counties at the time when they con- 



sisted of one county, and was twice 
elected to represent his home community 
in the State Legislature. In the year 1813 
he married Eva B. Caster, a daughter of 
Philip Caster, a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary Army, and who at one time lived in 
the Wyoming Valley, but afterwards set- 
tled at Lower Mount Bethel, Northamp- 
ton county. Mrs. Flick died in the year 
1873, at the age of seventy-seven. Mr. 
and Mrs. Flick were the parents of a 
large family of children, of whom the 
eldest son was Reuben Jay, father of R. 
Jay Flick. 

Reuben Jay Flick, eldest son of John 
and Eva B. (Caster) Flick, was born July 
10, 1816, at the community which had 
come to be known as Flicksville, North- 
ampton county, Pennsylvania, named in 
honor of his father, John Flick. His 
early life was spent on his father's farm, 
and in the year 1838, when he was twenty- 
two years of age, he came to the Wyom- 
ing Valley, where he engaged in mercan- 
tile pursuits and later in banking. In 
both these departments of the commun- 
ity's life he was very prominent, and he 
became first president of the People's 
Bank at Wilkes-Barre. Upon first com- 
ing to this region he had been a man 
without either resources or influence, but 
by dint of his own hard work and inde- 
fatigable energy, he raised himself to a 
high place in the esteem and regard of his 
adopted community and became one of 
the most influential citizens of Wilkes- 
Barre. He was always most closely iden- 
tified with the charitable interests of the 
city, his position as trustee of Lincoln 
University of Oxford, the Harry Hill- 
man Academy, the Female Institute and 
the City Hospital and Home for Friend- 
less Children, give ample evidence of his 
benevolence and the amount of time and 
energy which he expended for the less 
fortunate of the community. In the year 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1882 he yielded to the pressure of his 
friends and, somewhat against his own 
will, became the candidate for member 
of Congress on the Prohibition ticket. 
He was defeated, however. Besides his 
presidency of the People's Bank, Mr. 
Flick, Sr., was identified with a large 
number of important industrial concerns 
in this region, among which should be 
mentioned the Wilkes-Barre Lace Manu- 
facturing Company, of which he was the 
president for many years. Reuben Jay 
Flick was married on January 9, 1858, to 
Margaret Jane Arnold, a daughter of 
Adam and Margaret (Hoofsmith) Arn- 
old, of Hamilton, Monroe county, Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Flick were par- 
ents of five children: Liddon, Warren 
J., Helen Jessie, Harry Lincoln, and Reu- 
ben Jay, Jr. Mr. and Mrs. Flick, Sr., were 
staunch members of the Presbyterian 
church, and Mr. Flick was a elder thereof 
for a number of years. 

Born June 24, 1871, at Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, R. Jay Flick, son of Reu- 
ben Jay and Margaret Jane (Arnold) 
Flick, has made his native city his home 
ever since and the scene of his busy and 
active career. He received his early edu- 
cation at the local public schools of 
Wilkes-Barre, which he attended as a 
child, and afterwards entered the Harry 
Hillman Academy, of which his father 
was one of the officers. He was thirteen 
years of age at this time, and in 1888, 
when seventeen, graduated from that 
institution. In the same year he en- 
tered Phillips-Exeter Academy, graduat- 
ing from there in 1890, after having been 
thoroughly prepared for college. In 1890 
he matriculated at Princeton University 
and was graduated from that institution 
with the class of 1894, after having estab- 
lished an enviable record for himself for 
general good character and scholarship. 
Young Mr. Flick felt that his talents and 



tastes both urged him to a business 
career, and accordingly, to supplement his 
general education, he entered the Wyom- 
ing Business College in 1896 and gradu- 
ated from the full business course in nine 
weeks. In the same year he was ap- 
pointed business manager of the Wilkes- 
Barre "Times," an evening daily paper, 
published in this city by the Wilkes- 
Barre Times Company. So successful 
did he prove in this capacity that about 
1900 he became treasurer of the Wilkes- 
Barre Times Company, and in 1905 be- 
came its president and the editor of the 
Wilkes-Barre "Times." As the editor of 
this influential journal, Mr. Flick at one 
bound became a power in the community 
to be reckoned with, and it may be said 
of him that the power which he wielded 
and still wields has ever been used by 
him in the cause of right and to the best 
advantage of the community, as he has 
honestly seen it, so that he deservedly 
owns the regard and the esteem of the 
entire community. Perhaps an even 
greater service to Wilkes-Barre per- 
formed by Mr. Flick than the influence 
which he has exerted through his paper 
is the great stimulus and assistance that 
he has given to the development of many 
industrial and business concerns in this 
region. While still a very young man, 
he became greatly interested in the pro- 
motion and reorganization of the various 
public utilities in Wilkes-Barre and the 
surrounding region, especially of the gas 
and electric companies hereabouts. He 
has been very prominently associated 
with certain of these concerns, and has 
been president of the Bethlehem Consol- 
idated Gas Company of Bethlehem, Penn- 
sylvania, of the Vineland Light & Power 
Company of Vineland, New Jersey, and 
is now the president of the People's Light 
Company of Pittston, Pennsylvania. He 
is also a director of the Wyoming Valley 



00 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Trust Company, the Wilkes-Barre Lace 
Manufacturing Company, of which his 
father was president, the Mahanoy City 
Gas Company, the Hazard Manufactur- 
ing Company, Wilkes-Barre county, and 
several other institutions. He is a very 
prominent figure in the social and club 
circles of the city, and is a member of 
the Westmoreland Club, the Wyoming 
Valley Country Club of Wilkes-Barre, 
the Scranton Club of Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania, the New York Yacht Club, the 
Bankers' Club, and City Club of New 
York City. 

R. Jay Flick was united in marriage, 
February 10, 1909, with Mrs. Henrietta 
Ridgely Flick, the widow of his brother, 
Liddon Flick. They are the parents of 
one child, a daughter Eleanor Ridgely 
Flick, born December 8, 1910. 



PARRISH, Charles, 

Leader in Wyoming Valley Development. 

Since man in his onward march first 
teamed and gashed the fair Wyoming 
Valley of Pennsylvania with his coal 
mining devices, and laid down gleaming 
rails which carry the product of the val- 
ley to every part of the country, no man 
can justly lay claim to a greater share 
in the great development of that rich 
coal field than Charles Parrish, of Wilkes- 
Barre . He began his business career 
under that sterling merchant and finan- 
cier, Ziba Bennett, when a lad of fifteen, 
and eventually became his partner, but 
with the opening of the Wyoming Valley 
to mines and railroads he quickly saw 
the possibilities, and with active brain, 
broad vision and quick initiative, he 
secured a strong position which he always 
held. He drew to the coal district capi- 
tal and labor from all over the world, and 
the Valley Metropolis, Wilkes-Barre, 
owes much of her greatness to the vision, 



energy, enterprise and unusual ability of 
her adopted son, Charles Parrish. 

Parrish is an eminent English family 
name, and was brought to Massachu- 
setts in 1635, by Dr. James Parrish, born 
in England in 1612. He came in the ship 
"Increase," in 1635, was made a freeman 
in 1637, and after practicing his profes- 
sion many years in Massachusetts, 
returned to England, where he died. 
John Parrish, son of Dr. James and Mary 
Parrish, was one of the original proprie- 
tors of Groton, Massachusetts, and there 
resided until 1712. He served as sergeant 
and ensign in the military company of 
the town in 1683, was selectman, and con- 
stable, and in 1693 deputy to the General 
Court. In 1712 he moved to Stonington, 
Connecticut, where he died in 171 5. Isaac 
Parrish, son of John, and grandson of 
Dr. James Parrish, was born in 1698, 
died in 1764; lieutenant of the first mili- 
tary company in Windham county, Con- 
necticut. He served in the French and 
Indian wars of his day, and was one of 
the leading men of his section. He mar- 
ried, March 3, 1720, Margaret Smith. 

Archippus Parrish, son of Lieutenant 
Isaac and Margaret (Smith) Parrish, was 
born October 10, 1735, died in 1780, and 
was buried at Storrs, Connecticut. He 
married Abigail Burnap, March 10, 1763, 
and in 1766 located in North Mansfield. 
There he purchased land, and established a 
tannery which he conducted profitably 
for many years. He was succeeded by 
his son, Archippus (2) Parrish, born Jan- 
uary 27, 1773, at Windham, Connecticut, 
died at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, in 
October, 1847. He married, in Morris- 
town, New Jersey, Phoebe Miller, and 
for several years was engaged in business 
in New York City, acquiring a substan- 
tial fortune. In i8iohe located in Wilkes- 
Barre, there engaging in mercantile life, 
but later became proprietor of that old- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



time famous inn on the public square, 
"The Black Horse Hotel." This famed 
hostelry was a recognized gathering place 
for the prominent men of the Wyoming 
Valley, the old soldiers of the Revolution, 
and the olden time gentlemen of the city, 
as well as for the traveler on business or 
visiting the historic battlefields of the 
Valley. Tales of the olden times were 
told and retold, and with wonderment the 
younger listened to the recital of thrill- 
ing adventure, narrow escapes from and 
victories over savage foes, as well as to 
the story of suffering, disaster and death 
that befell so many in the beautiful 
Wyoming Valley. Archippus (2) Parrish 
and Phoebe (Miller) Parrish were the 
parents of Charles Parrish, to whose 
memory is dedicated this review of an 
ancient family and record of an honorable 
and useful life. 

Charles Parrish was born in Dun- 
daff, Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania, 
August 2, 1826, died in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, December 27, 1896, his sev- 
enty years spent in the Wyoming Valley. 
He attended Wilkes-Barre Academy until 
fifteen years of age, then began the won- 
derful business career which was only 
terminated by death, fifty-five years later. 
His first position was as clerk in the gen- 
eral store of Ziba Bennett, of Wilkes- 
Barre. This was in 1841, and until 1856 
he continued in business association with 
Mr. Bennett, passing through all grades 
of promotion until becoming a partner. 
In 1856 he withdrew from the firm, then 
being a young man of thirty, and with 
that withdrawal the second fifteen year 
period of his life ended and an entirely 
new era began. He had discerned the 
"signs of the times," with clearer vision 
than the older men, and foresaw that coal 
was to reign as King of the Valley. See- 
ing this, he withdrew from mercantile 
life, and henceforth was the daring, suc- 



cessful coal operator and dealer in coal 
lands and mines. He developed great 
powers of resource and quick decision, 
every acre of the vast holdings of the Le- 
high and Wilkes-Barre Coal Company 
west of the mountains having been 
selected after examination and purchased 
under his direction. He organized the 
Lehigh and Wilkes-Barre Company, was 
its first and only president for twenty 
years ; was president of the Lehigh and 
Wilkes-Barre Coal and Iron Company, 
and while president founded in a unique 
way the wonderful philanthropy con- 
nected with that company. He secured 
the consent of the employers of the com- 
pany to allow one day's wages to go into 
a fund, he agreeing that the company 
would devote the entire proceeds of the 
mines for one day to the same fund. The 
agreement was faithfully kept on both 
sides, and a capital created which is used 
for the relief of men disabled in mine 
work. This was long before the day of 
indemnity laws, and shows that he was 
as far in advance of his time in welfare 
work as in business methods. 

His mining interests were large, but 
by no means measured the extent of his 
activities. He built railroads; was for 
twenty y«ars president of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Wilkes-Barre ; president 
of the Hazard Manufacturing Company ; 
a promoter and stockholder of the Lehigh 
Coal and Navigation Company ; director 
of the Northwest Branch Railroad ; and 
in addition to the two large coal com- 
panies previously mentioned, he was 
president of the Parrish and Annora Coal 
Companies. He kept in close touch with 
the business life of Wilkes-Barre, and 
with counsel and material aid advanced 
the various undertakings which brought 
prosperity to the city. He was one of the 
most generous of men, and many owe 
their start in life to the aid he quietly 



62 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



extended, and to the advice he freely 
gave when asked. 

Not content with being foremost in a 
business sense, he sought in other ways 
to advance city interests, and for seven 
years he was president of the City Coun- 
cil, giving to city affairs his strong, guid- 
ing hand in business matters. During his 
term, well paved and well lighted streets 
became the rule, not the exception ; suf- 
ficient fire fighting apparatus to protect 
the city was installed ; and an efficient 
police force maintained. The city was 
conducted as a business is conducted, and 
efficiency ruled in every department. 
During the Civil War period, he was very 
active in aid of the Government, both in 
recruiting, equipping and caring for 
troops. He was an attendant of the 
Protestant Episcopal church, a Republi- 
can in politics, a life member of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological So- 
ciety, member of the Pennsylvania Chap- 
ter, Sons of the Revolution, and in all 
was interested and helpful. He held the 
respect of all men, and personally was 
very popular. He rose to eminence among 
eminent men, and through his own indi- 
viduality and ability won his way to suc- 
cess. 

Mr. Parrish married, June 21, 1864, 
Mary Conyngham, born February 20, 
1834, daughter of Honorable John N. 
Conyngham, LL. D., and his wife, Ruth 
Ann Butler, and granddaughter of Col- 
onel Zebulon Butler, the Continental offi- 
cer and hero. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Par- 
rish were the parents of four daughters: 
1. Anna Conyngham Parrish, married, 
October 20, 1906, Joseph H. Bradley, of 
Washington, D. C, she being his second 
wife ; they are the parents of a daughter, 
Mary Parrish Bradley. 2. Eleanor Mayer 
Parrish, married, January 14, 1903, Joseph 
H. Bradley, and died February 9, 1904, 
leaving a son, Joseph H. (2), who died 
in 1910. 3. Mary Conyngham Parrish, 



died in infancy. 4. Katherine Christine 
Parrish, married, July 22, 1902, Arthur A. 
Snyder, M. D., of Washington, D. C. ; 
their children are : Katherine Conyng- 
ham, Eleanor Parrish, and Sophia Tay- 
loe Snyder. 



SCHOOLEY, Jesse B., 

Substantial Citizen. 

The name of Schooley is perpetuated 
in New Jersey by Schooley's Mountain, a 
one-time famed summer resort of War- 
ren county, numerous descendants of 
John Schooley, the founder of the fam- 
ily, settling in that region and owning 
a great deal of land. Jesse Barber 
Schooley, a prominent business man of 
Wyoming, Pennsylvania, is the second to 
bear the name, Jesse B. Schooley, his 
father, coming from Greenwich, Warren 
county, New Jersey. He was a son of 
Joseph P. Schooley, son of Jedediah 
Schooley, who was a grandson of John 
Schooley, the Englishman who came 
from Lancashire, England, about the year 
1700, and settled in Sussex county, New 
Jersey. Joseph P. Schooley was a man 
of excellent qualities, owning and culti- 
vating a farm at Greenwich in Warren 
county. 

Joseph P. Schooley was born at Green- 
wich, Warren county, New Jersey, April 
17, 1785. In 1809 he married, in Warren 
county, Margaret Barber, and in 1818 
moved from New Jersey to the Wyoming 
Valley, Pennsylvania, locating their home 
in the township of Exeter (near the now 
borough of Wyoming) upon a large farm 
which Mr. Schooley had purchased. Both 
Joseph P. and Margaret Schooley died at 
the farm, he on January 28, 1875. They 
had children : Jesse Barber, of further 
mention ; Jedediah, Mary Ann, William, 
Elizabeth, Mehitable, Joanna, Joseph, and 
Margaret. 

Jesse Barber Schooley was born in 



6* 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Warren county, New Jersey, April i, 
1811, died at Wyoming, Pennsylvania, 
December 15, 1884. He was seven years 
of age when the family moved to the 
Wyoming Valley, and there he was edu- 
cated and at the home farm passed his 
years of minority. He learned the car- 
penter's trade, and in the early twenties 
was employed in boating upon the Mor- 
ris and Essex canal. Later he became a 
merchant operating in Wyoming, having 
as a partner Thomas F. Atherton, who 
later was president of the Second Na- 
tional Bank of Wilkes-Barre. During 
this period he began investing in coal 
lands, one of the tracts he owned being 
the present site of the Mount Lookout 
Colliery and its workings. After acquir- 
ing coal interests, he moved his mercan- 
tile interests to Pittston, and there also 
conducted a general store. In addition to 
his store and mining operations, he was 
also engaged in the manufacture of brick. 
He was postmaster at Wyoming about 
1879, ar, d ever retained his ownership of 
the homestead farm. He was a director 
of the Second National Bank of Wilkes- 
Barre. He married, at Wyoming, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1838, Eliza J. Brees, daughter of 
John and Jerusha (Johnston) Brees, 
granddaughter of Captain Samuel Brees, 
and great-granddaughter of John Brees, 
of Somerset county, New Jersey, who, 
born in Holland in 1713, came to New 
Jersey in 1735, and in 1736 married Doro- 
thy Riggs, and was a soldier of the Revo- 
lution. His son, Captain Samuel Brees, 
was also a soldier of the Revolution, mar- 
ried Hannah Pierson, and moved to the 
Wyoming Valley, arriving at Wilkes- 
Barre, June 11, 1789. Jesse Barber and 
Eliza J. (Brees) Schooley were the par- 
ents of: Fannie, Margaret J., Elizabeth 
S., Joseph J., Jennie E., Kate M., Jesse 
B. (2), of further mention; and James M. 
Jesse B. (2) Schooley was born in 



Wyoming, Pennsylvania, March 20, 1854, 
and is now living practically retired from 
business cares, in the town of his birth. 
He was seventh of his parents' eight 
children, and has always resided at the 
homestead, purchasing the property from 
the heirs of Jesse B. (1) Schooley in 1884. 
He was educated in the public schools, 
and until 1876 remained with his par- 
ents, engaged in cultivating the land now 
the site of Lookout Colliery. In that year 
he was appointed assistant to his father, 
who was then postmaster of Wyoming. 
He obtained a good education in the pub- 
lic schools and at Wyoming Seminary, 
and as assistant postmaster he was the 
virtual head of the office until appointed 
to succeed his father, who died in 1884. 
Jesse Jr. continued the management of 
the office until the spring of 1885, then 
resigned, having been appointed admin- 
istrator of his father's estate. He was I 
fully occupied with his duties as adminis- 
trator until 1886, then purchased the 
homestead, and has since been concerned 
in its management and in caring for his ; 
general business interests. 

He was one of the incorporators of the 
First National Bank of Wyoming, the 
existence of that institution dating from 
March 27, 1907, Mr. Schooley being 
elected a member of the first board of 
directors, and by them was chosen vice- 
president, an office he yet holds. He is j 
a trustee of Forty-Fort Cemetery Asso- 
ciation, and otherwise interested in local 
business affairs. He is one of the sub- 
stantial men of his community, and 
highly esteemed as a man of sound judg- 
ment and sterling integrity. He is a 
prominent member of the Masonic order, 
belonging to Wyoming Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons ; Shekinah Chapter. 
Royal Arch Masons ; Mount Horeb Coun- 
cil, Royal and Select Masters; Dieu le 
Veut Commandery, Knights Templar ; 



64 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and is a Noble of Irem Temple, Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine. Politically he is a 
Republican, and in addition to being 
assistant postmaster and postmaster of 
Wyoming from 1873 until 1885, he was 
the first elected treasurer of the borough. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian 
church, and interested in all good works. 
No worthy cause lacks his support and 
his friends are legion. 

Mr. Schooley married, November 4, 
1884, Minnie E. Steel, born October 12, 
1864, daughter of Martin and Marie 
(Billings) Steel. They the parents of 
two sons: Arthur B., and Allan D. 
Schooley, the latter born July 9, 1890, died 
August 18, 1892. 

Arthur B. Schooley was born April 26, 
1886, and was educated at the Harry 
Hillman Academy, going thence after 
graduation to Lafayette College, then 
taking a business course at Wyoming 
Seminary, Kingston, Pennsylvania. After 
completing his student career he entered 
the employ of the Wyoming National 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre, and is now hold- 
ing the position of teller. He married, 
June 2, 1914, Olive C. Lewis; they the 
parents of a son, Jesse B. (3) Schooley. 



LEHMAN, Albert C, 

Manufacturer. 

Prominent among the younger genera- 
tion of manufacturers and business men 
of Pittsburgh is Albert C. Lehman, pres- 
ident of the Blaw-Knox Construction 
Company, one of the large industries of 
the Pittsburgh District. Mr. Lehman is 
not only well-known in manufacturing 
circles, but is active in all that makes for 
the- betterment of his city. 

Moses Lehman, father of Albert C. 
Lehman, was born in 1849, in Frank- 
fort-on-Main, Germany son of Kalman 
Lehman. He came to Pittsburgh in 1861, 



where he received his education and later 
entered business, as a wholesale clothier, 
the firm name being Lehman & Kings- 
bacher. Later Moses Lehman became 
president of the Blaw-Steel Construction 
Company, which office he held until his 
death in 1914. In politics, Mr. Lehman 
was a Republican, and he was also a 
member of the Rodef Shalom congrega- 
tion. Moses Lehman married Fanny 
Frank, of Baltimore, Maryland. 

Albert C. Lehman, son of the late 
Moses and Fanny (Frank) Lehman, was 
born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Octo- 
ber 14, 1879. He received his education 
in the public and private schools of Pitts- 
burgh, and then entered Harvard Univer- 
sity, graduating with the class of 1901. 
He then entered the wholesale shoe busi- 
ness, in Pittsburgh, the firm being Dia- 
mondstone & Lehman. In 1906 Mr. Leh- 
man retired from this field to become 
vice-president and general manager of 
the Blaw Steel Construction Company, 
and in 1914 succeeded to the presidency 
of this corporation. In 1917 Mr. Lehman 
became president of the Blaw-Knox Com- 
pany, this being a combination of the 
Blaw Steel Construction Company and 
the Knox Pressed and Welded Steel 
Company. 

In addition to the presidency of the 
above concern, Mr. Lehman is actively 
identified as an official and stockholder 
with various other enterprises. He is a 
director in the Ransome Mixer Company 
of New York, director in the Carpenter- 
Beale Company, Incorporated, of New 
York, director of the McWhirk Engi- 
neering Company, and in 1912 helped 
organize and became president of the 
Hoboken Land Campany. In politics, 
Mr. Lehman is a Republican, but has 
always refused office, preferring to con- 
centrate his energies on the details of hi( 
many offices. Of social nature, he is a 



65 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



member of Westmoreland Country Club, 
which he helped organize and was presi- 
dent of for the first four years of its 
existence ; member of the Harvard Club 
of Pennsylvania ; the Plarvard Club of 
New York ; the Friars Club of New 
York; the Concordia Club of Pitts- 
burgh, the Army and Navy Club of Pitts- 
burgh, a member of Rodef Shalom con- 
gregation. 

Mr. Lehman married, January 9, 1902, 
Seidie, daughter of Charles and Caroline 
(Frank) Adler, of Baltimore, Maryland. 
Mr. and Mrs. Lehman are the parents of 
a son, Murray C, born August 5, 1905. 
Mrs. Lehman is active in the philan- 
thropic work of her city, and is a mem- 
ber of the Children's Bureau, and a direc- 
tor in the Hebrew Aid Society of Pitts- 
burgh. 

Albert C. Lehman is an admirable rep- 
resentative of the Pittsburgh manufac- 
turer, inasmuch as in his character and 
record he gives evidence of the vitalizing 
energy and spirit of progress which has 
ever distinguished the Pittsburgh man of 
affairs, and it is by men of this type that 
its prestige will be maintained and 
increased in the years that are to come. 

Charles Adler, father of Mrs. Lehman, 
was born December 8, 1839, in a little 
mountain town near Cassel, Germany, 
son of Simon and Lalchen (Stern) Adler. 
He attended the public schools until the 
age of fifteen, when he came to America, 
arriving in Maryland and settling in 
Montgomery county, where he conducted 
a store until 1864. In February, 1865, 
Mr. Adler went to Baltimore, Maryland, 
and entered the wholesale shoe house of 
H. Frank & Company, when the name of 
the firm was changed to Frank & Adler, 
which has grown to one of the large 
enterprises of Baltimore. Mr. Adler mar- 
ried, February 19, 1865, Caroline, daugh- 
ter of Henry Frank, of Baltimore, and 



their children were: Simon C, Mrs. 
Robert M. Laupheimer, Mrs. Albert C. 
Lehman, as above stated ; Harry, and 
Blanche. 



VAN DERMARK, Welbon W., 

Business Man, Agriculturalist. 

Although all his life a business man and 
most successful in his undertakings, Mr. 
Van Dermark, of Wilkes-Barre, also 
ranks with the agriculturists of the 
Wyoming Valley, although of that to be 
envied class then referred to as "Gentle- 
man Farmers." Yet he is as practical in 
the management of his four farms as of 
his business, his pet hobby — fine Hol- 
stein cattle — being the most practical of 
fads as they are the foundation of the 
herds that make his a model dairy farm. 
One of these farms is the old Van Der- 
mark homestead in Dorrance township, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, the others 
adjoining. Mr. Van Dermark is a man of 
energy and ability, held in high esteem 
by his business associates, friends and 
acquaintances of a lifetime. His life has 
been quietly spent, his greatest interest 
his home and private business affairs. 

Mr. Van Dermark is of an ancient 
Dutch family, his American ancestor, 
Benjamin Van Dermark, coming from 
Holland to New Amsterdam (New York) 
about the middle of the eighteenth cen- 
tury (1740-1760). From New York he 
drifted over into New Jersey, as did many 
Hollanders, finally making settlement 
near Princeton, where he married Sarah 
Brink, and they are the founders of the 
branch of the family in this country. 
They were the parents of Benjamin (2), 
Brink, Sarah, John and Jeremiah. Before 
Indian troubles were over they were 
greatly harassed in their Jersey home and 
finally moved to Eastern Pennsylvania, 
Benjamin obtaining a farm on the banks 



66 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the Delaware, which with his sons he 
cultivated for some years. Finally the 
family located in the Wyoming Valley, 
where a farm was purchased in Newport 
township, Luzerne county. There Ben- 
jamin (i) Van Dermark ended his days, 
leaving a family who had inherited his 
love of the soil, being farmers in each 
generation down to the present. W. W. 
Van Dermark turning to agriculture after 
success had been attained in the business 
world. 

The line of descent in this branch is 
through the eldest son of the founder, 
Benjamin (2) Van Dermark, a substan- 
tial farmer, and of deeply religious life. 
He married Margaret Simms, of English 
parentage, and at the homestead in New- 
port township, prayer meetings were 
often held. The land these early Van 
Dermarks owned were underlaid with 
rich veins of anthracite coal, but they 
tilled the surface, perfectly content, know- 
ing nothing of the riches beneath nor did 
any one else until they had passed out of 
the family ownership. Benjamin (2) and 
Margaret (Simms) Van Dermark were 
the parents of: John, Sarah, Daniel, 
James, David, Simon, Peter, Elijah, 
Simms, and Moses, his love for the Bible 
and his respect for Bible characters 
showing forth in the names given his 
nine sons, the only daughter being given 
the beautiful name of Sarah, signifying 
Princess, that being the name borne by 
the wife of Abraham. 

The line of descent continues through 
Moses, youngest of the sons of Benjamin 
(2) Van Dermark. He was born in New- 
port township, Luzerne county, Penn- 
sylvania, and eventually became a large 
landowner, his holdings including some 
of the richest veins of anthracite in the 
Wyoming Valley. He was unaware of 
these coal deposits and finally disposed of 
all his property, going to the State of 



Indiana, where he ended his days in peace 
.and contentment, tilling his own acres 
as he had done in Pennsylvania. He mar- 
ried, in Newport, Sallie Cocher, and they 
were the parents of Simon Peter, Fred- 
erick, Wilson, George and Jacob, the last 
named the father of Welbon W. Van Der- 
mark, of Wilkes-Barre. 

Jacob Van Dermark was born in New- 
port township, Luzerne county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1833, died in 1883. He was 
educated in the district schools, and was 
his father's farm assistant until becom- 
ing of age, then chose for himself and 
for some time followed boating on 
the Susquehanna river during the open 
months for river driving of logs and raft- 
ing of lumber to down river markets. 
Later he became interested in coal min- 
ing, but unfortunately the family lands 
had all been sold, and he entered the serv- 
ice of the Lehigh & Wilkes-Barre Coal 
Company at Wanamie, refusing to accom- 
pany his parents to Indiana. He was 
appointed outside superintendent of the 
company's mines at Wanamie, and in 
that position continued until his death in 
1883, at the age of fifty years. He was 
a man of strong character, and rendered 
a good account of his life. He married 
Frances Russell, and they were the par- 
ents of Carrie, married C. E. Moore, M. 
D., of Alden, Pennsylvania, and has a 
son, Charles Moore ; Josephine, married 
Albert Stair, of Alden, and has five sons ; 
Ruth, married C. C. Rosser, superin- 
tendent of the Susquehanna Lumber 
Company of Nanticoke, Pennsylvania ; 
Welbon W., and Harvey H. 

Welbon W. Van Dermark, son of Jacob 
and Frances (Russell) Van Dermark, 
was born in Newport township, March 
23, 1865, and was educated in the public 
schools. At the age of twelve years he 
began working at the coal mines and so 
continued for five years. After his fath- 



67 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



er's death, in 1883, he left the mines, and 
for the following eleven years was clerk 
in the general store of the Alden Com- 
pany at Alden. He then resigned and 
located in Wilkes-Barre, which has since 
been his home and the scene of his busi- 
ness activity. His first position in 
Wilkes-Barre was with Lazarus & Lang- 
feld, as clerk in their department store, 
but later and until 1901 he was a success- 
ful agent for the Prudential Life Insur- 
ance Company. This was the last posi- 
tion he ever held under another, as in 
August, 1901, he purchased the old 
Wilkes-Barre Laundry and started that 
company on a career of unusual pros- 
perity. The business in time outgrew its 
quarters, although several additions had 
been made, and in 1910 he erected a spe- 
cially constructed and modernly equipped 
building for its reception at Nos. 362-368 
South Main street, Wilkes-Barre. The 
same year he incorporated the business as 
the Wilkes-Barre Laundry Company, W. 
W. Van Dermark, secretary and treas- 
urer. The business continues its pros- 
perous career, Mr. Van Dermark dividing 
his interest between his business and his 
four farms in Dorrance township, the 
homestead of eighty-two acres, and three 
adjoining tracts of one hundred and two, 
forty and fifty acres each. He conducts 
these as a general dairy farm, his cattle 
chiefly highly bred Holsteins. Every 
modern improvement in dairy farming 
and dairying is installed at the farms, the 
reputation of the products of the herds 
being very high. In politics, Mr. Van 
Dermark is a Republican, a member of 
the First Presbyterian church, Wilkes- 
Barre, but his home was his club and his 
lodge, and there he was content, without 
club nor society memberships. 

Mr. Van Dermark married, in 1897, 
Mary F. Rankin, who died October 19, 
1916, daughter of Joseph Rankin, of 
Wilkes-Barre. 



LAUCK, John E., 

Manufacturer. 

Prominent among the manufacturers 
of Pittsburgh is John E. Lauck, general 
manager and director of the McKeesport 
Tin Plate Company, and officially con- 
nected with various other enterprises. 

John E. Lauck was born in Lexington, 
Kentucky, January 14, 1862, son of Edwin 
and Emma (Nichols) Lauck. He received 
his early education in the schools and col- 
leges of his section, and his first employ- 
ment was with the Adams Express Com- 
pany, Lexington, Kentucky. He next 
spent two years with the dry goods firm 
of Appleton, Lancaster & Duff, and four 
years with the Chesapeake & Ohio Rail- 
road Company, being advanced during 
that time to chief clerk and cashier of the 
Lexington office. In 1887 he left Ken- 
tucky and became teller of the Bank of 
Wichita, Kansas. The bank which was 
run by Kentucky people, was afterwards 
reorganized as the Fourth National Bank, 
Mr. Lauck being elected its cashier, 
which office he held until 1890. Return- 
ing then to Kentucky, he assisted in the 
organization of the First National Bank 
of Middlesborough, and the Bank of 
Cumberland Gap, Tennessee, and became 
interested in the Middlesborough Town 
and Land Company and the American 
Association, concerns with a capital of 
$22,000,000.00. In 1892 Mr. Lauck re- 
turned to his old home, Lexington, Ken- 
tucky, where he engaged in the broker- 
age business, and invested in gas prop- 
erty and real estate in Anderson and 
Alexandria, Indiana. At the same time 
he became interested in the tin plate busi- 
ness at Middleton, Indiana, and upon 
leaving there came to Pittsburgh, Penn- 
slyvania, where he assumed the manage- 
ment of the Star Tin Plate Works. In 
1896 he gave up this position and became 
general manager of the United States 



68 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Iron and Tin Plate Manufacturing Com- 
pany, at McKeesport. He remained with 
this concern until January i, 1902, and 
during this time doubled the capacity of 
the plant. Mr. Lauck then became gen- 
eral manager and director of the Mc- 
Keesport Tin Plate Company, which 
offices he holds to the present time. His 
initiative and ability have been among 
the causes of the great growth of this 
concern, one of the large enterprises of 
the Pittsburgh District. His training 
qualified him for carrying on a large bus- 
iness enterprise, and his close application 
to the business of his firm has given him 
remarkable success. The industry which 
he has helped build up is of great value in 
itself and of relative importance in the 
industrial development and permanent 
prosperity of Pittsburgh. A man of sin- 
gularly strong personality, he has exerted 
a deep influence on his associates and sub- 
ordinates, and toward the latter in par- 
ticular his conduct has ever been marked 
by a degree of kindness and consideration 
which has won for him their loyal sup- 
port and hearty cooperation. Force and 
resolution, combined with a genial dis- 
position, are depicted in his countenance, 
and his simple, dignified and affable man- 
ners attract all who are brought into con- 
tact with him. He is one of the men who 
number friends in all classes of society. 
Mr. Lauck is also a director of the Wash- 
ington Tin Plate Company; member of 
the Oakmont Country Club, the Pitts- 
burgh Athletic Association, Field Club, 
Pittsburgh Country Club and vice-presi- 
dent of the Youghiogheny Country Club ; 
member of the Masonic fraternity and of 
the Order of Elks. In politics he is a 
Republican. 

On September 25, 1886, Mr. Lauck 
married Katherine, daughter of David 
and Mary (Williams) Clohesey, of Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, and they are the par- 



ents of two daughters; Katherine, wife 
of J. S. Lanahan, of Pittsburgh ; and 
Mary E., wife of Samuel R. Parke, of 
Philadelphia. 

John E. Lauck's career may be summed 
up in one word— success — the result of 
his own unaided efforts. He furnishes a 
true picture of the manufacturer, one who 
creates and adds to the wealth of nations 
while advancing his own interests. His 
record is one that will endure. 



QUIN, Robert A., 

Mine Operator. 

One of Pennsylvania's sons, whose 
energy and talent have been devoted to 
the development of the coal mining 
industry, Mr. Quin has in that field 
reached a position of prominence, as this 
review of a busy, useful life will show. 
He is a son of Augustus Quin, born in 
Berks county, Pennsylvania, in 1831, died 
in Pottsville, Pennsylvania, in 1902. He 
was reared on a Berks county farm, but 
early in life settled in Pottsville, and 
there resided until his death, a contractor 
of mason work and plastering. He mar- 
ried, at Pottsville, Anne Williams, born 
in 1835, died in 1902, they the parents of 
William, now a resident of Washington, 
D. C. ; J. Harrison, deceased, of Potts- 
ville ; Margaret, deceased, wife of Sam- 
uel Dyer; Robert A., to whom this review 
is inscribed ; Theodore, of Pottsville ; 
Susan, married Thomas Birch, of Ches- 
ter, Pennsylvania; Anna, deceased. 

Robert A. Quin, son of Augustus and 
Anne (Williams) Quin, was born in 
Pottsville, Pennsylvania, January 17, 
1864, and there passed through the grade 
and high schools, finishing with gradua- 
tion in the class of 1881. He began busi- 
ness life as junior clerk in the ofifices of 
the Pottsville Iron & Steel Company, but 
very shortly after left the office employ 



69 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of the company to enter the engineering 
corps of the Lehigh Valley Coal Com- 
pany at Lost Creek, Pennsylvania, where 
the corps was then operating. He re- 
mained with that corporation four years, 
then located in Reading, Pennsylvania, 
as engineer in charge of the field work A. 
Harvey Tyson was conducting. Later he 
joined the Second Geological Survey as a 
member of the engineering corps, and for 
two years was engaged with that corps, 
having his headquarters at Scranton, 
Pennsylvania. From Scranton he was 
transferred to the Pottsville office, there 
remaining until the survey was com- 
pleted. With the severance of his con- 
nection with the survey, Mr. Quin became 
associated with A. B. Cochran & Sons, 
mining engineers of Pottsville, and until 
January i, 1898, was manager in charge 
of their field work. He held high rank 
as mining engineer, and from the bottom 
every step upward had been won by per- 
sonal merit, hard work, and persevering 
effort. 

With his retirement from the employ 
of Cochran & Sons, January 1, 1898, he 
began his efforts in another field of oper- 
ation, the management of coal mining 
companies as superintendent. While from 
the engineer's standpoint he was per- 
fectly familiar with coal mines and min- 
ing, he had little experience as a produc- 
ing operator. But he quickly grasped the 
points unfamiliar to him, and from the 
superintendency of the Shipman Coal 
Company, af Shamokin, Pennsylvania, he 
went forward to great position and higher 
honors. On April 15, 1S99, he was ap- 
pointed superintendent of the Susque- 
hanna Coal Company, William Penn Col- 
liery, going thence to the superintend- 
ency of the Mineral Railroad and Mining 
Company, now a constituent company of 
the Susquehanna Company of Shamokin. 
On October 14, 1903, he was promoted to 



the position of manager of the Susque- 
hanna Coal Company, now the Susque- 
hanna Collieries Company, with head- 
quarters at Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. 
This record of a trifle over a quarter 
of a century as a manager and super- 
intendent of coal producing properties 
is a most creditable one, and stamps 
Mr. Quin as a man of forceful character 
and strong managerial ability. To 
achieve reputation as a skillful, resource- 
ful engineer is the work of a life time, and 
to attain admission to the ranks of suc- 
cessful mine operators many men have 
spent their active lives. Yet Mr. Quin 
has accomplished both and is but in the 
prime of his splendid powers. 

He is a member of the American Insti- 
tute of Mining Engineers and the Ameri- 
can Mining Congress ; member of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological So- 
ciety ; is a Republican in politics, and an 
attendant of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Wilkes-Barre. His fraternities 
are the Masonic and Odd Fellows, his 
clubs the Manufacturers of Philadelphia, 
the Cresco of Shamokin, the Pottsville of 
Pottsville, the Country, Hazleton. the 
Westmoreland, Wyoming Valley and 
Franklin of Wilkes-Barre. Genial, cour- 
teous and friendly in spirit, he makes 
many friends, and in all circles which he 
touches is welcomed and honored. 

Mr. Quin married, July 16, 1886, Min- 
nie E. Thickins of Shenandoah, Pennsyl- 
vania they the parents of : 1. Herbert T., 
born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, Febru- 
ary 26, 1888; a graduate of Harry Hill- 
man Academy and of Lehigh University, 
class of 1912; married Louise Stites, 
daughter of Dr. G. M. Stites. of Williams- 
town, Pennsylvania, they the parents of a 
son, Herbert T. (2). 2. Margaret C, 
born April 7, 1890; educated at Wilkes- 
Barre Institute and Lady Jane Grey 
School of Binghamton, New York. 3. 



70 




0\$/. $«>fL^U€>UA/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Robert D., born February 15, 1893; edu- 
cated at Harry Hillman Academy, Le- 
high University and Philadelphia Tex- 
tile Schools. 4. William, born October 
5, 1898; educated at Harry Hillman 
Academy, Wilkes-Earre, now a student at 
Mercersburg Preparatory School, Mer- 
cersburg, Pennsylvania. 

This review of the life work of an earn- 
est man of energy and ability reveals the 
fact that his way has been won fairly, 
without the aid of fortuitous circum- 
stances or governmental favor or influ- 
ential friends save those he has won by 
an honorable, manly course in his upward 
journey. He has been the architect of 
his own fortunes, and he may, with satis- 
faction, cast a retrospective view over his 
past life. Sons and daughters gladden his 
life, and he is a fine type of the success- 
ful American business man. 



SCHNEIDER, Francis Raymond, 
Steelmaster, Inventor. 

The supremacy of Pittsburgh among 
the industrial cities of the world is the 
supremacy of superior brain-power, and 
describing a man as a leading Pittsburgh 
manufacturer is equivalent to saying that 
he possesses intelligence of a high order. 
A man of this type is Francis Raymond 
Schneider, for over twenty years super- 
intendent and director of the Superior 
Steel Company, which position he held 
until December, 1916, resigning after the 
company was taken over by the Superior 
Steel Corporation. Mr. Schneider has 
gained some note as an inventor. 

Francis Raymond Schneider was born 
November 29, 1857, m Old Allegheny 
(now North Side, Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania), son of Anthony and Sophia 
(Hirtz) Schneiderlochner. He received 
his education in the schools of his city, 
and his first employment was with the 



firm of Carnegie, Kloman & Company, in 
1871, as pull-up boy, at the Twenty- 
ninth street mill. He had not been work- 
ing long before he chose the field of me- 
chanics as his occupation, and from 1874 
until 1879 he learned the machinist's and 
roll-turning and roll-designing trade at 
Carnegie, Phipps & Company's Thirty- 
third street mill. During 1879 he took 
charge of the roll-turning and roll-design- 
ing at the Superior Rail Mill, operated 
by the late Andrew Kloman. In 1882, 
shortly after the death of Mr. Kloman, he 
returned to the Thirty-third street works 
of Carnegie, Phipps & Company, as de- 
signer of rolls and head turner, under the 
management of the late William H. Born- 
traeger, remaining in that position until 
1892. From 1892 to 1896 he had entire 
charge of the roll-designing and roll- 
turning of the famous Homestead Steel 
Works of the Carnegie Steel Company, 
under the management of Charles M. 
Schwab during that period. In 1896 Mr. 
Schneider became connected with the 
Superior Steel Company, and through 
rolls, designed by him for the hot-rolling 
of material, it was enabled to produce a 
greater range of sizes from a standard- 
sized billet than is possible to obtain 
from any other method of rolling. The 
Superior Steel Company (now the Su- 
perior Steel Corporation), is one of the 
large hot and cold roll strip steel con- 
cerns of Pittsburgh, having a large plant 
at Carnegie, Pennsylvania, and is equipped 
with the latest methods of production. A 
man of strong personality, he has exerted 
a wonderful influence on his associates and 
subordinates, and toward the latter in par- 
ticular his conduct has ever been marked 
by a degree of kindness and consideration 
which has won for him their loyal sup- 
port and hearty cooperation. Force and 
resolution, combined with a genial dis- 
position, are depicted in his countenance, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and his simple, dignified and affable man- 
ners attract all who are brought into con- 
tact with him. He is one of the men who 
number friends in all classes of society. 

Seldom is it that a man as active and 
successful in business as Mr. Schneider 
takes the keen and helpful interest in 
civic affairs to which his record bears 
testimony. He is a director of the Car- 
negie National Bank, member of the 
Knights of Columbus, Americus Republi- 
can Club and the Pittsburgh Athletic 
Association. In politics he is a Republi- 
can, but has never held office. A man of 
action rather than words, he demon- 
strates his public spirit by actual achieve- 
ments which advance the prosperity and 
wealth of the community. He is a mem- 
ber of St. Philip's Roman Catholic 
Church of Crafton. 

On November 30, 1882, Mr. Schneider 
married Josephine, daughter of the late 
Joseph and Gertrude (Hune) Sohl, of 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and they have 
been the parents of ten children, six of 
whom survive: 1. Clara, wife of Carl J. 
Lutz, of Pittsburgh, and the mother of 
two children : Albert F., born October 
5, 1915, and Rosemarie. 2. A. Andrew, 
born January 4, 1888, graduate of Car- 
negie Technical School, Mechanical En- 
gineer, unmarried. 3. Lawrence E., born 
November 9, 1889, married Hannah Nora 
Grey, and father of two children : Fran- 
cis D., born April 23, 1916, and Lawrence 
E., Jr., born July 27, 1917. 4. Edwin J., 
born August 6, 1899, unmarried. 5. Jose- 
phine M., unmarried. 6. Leo A., born 
November 13, 1903. 

Francis R. Schneider's career may be 
summed up in one word — success — the 
result of his own unaided efforts. In com- 
mon with his city, he seems to possess 
that secret of perpetual energy which 
science cannot explain. Happily gifted 
in manner, disposition and taste, enter- 



prising and original in business ideas, 
personally liked most by those who know 
him best, and as frank in declaring his 
principles as he is sincere in maintaining 
them, his career has been rounded with 
success and marked by the appreciation 
of men whose good opinion is best worth 
having. 



WATSON. William L., 

Financier. 

Although born in Scotland, Mr. Wat- 
son came to the Wyoming Valley at so 
early an age that his recollection em- 
braces no other home than Pittston, 
Pennsylvania. There he was educated, 
there began his business life, and there 
he has won his way from a junior clerk- 
ship through succeeding promotions until 
reaching the presidency of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Pittston, a strong financial 
institution with which as a boy and man 
he has been connected for forty-six years 
as clerk, teller, cashier, vice-president and 
president, having held the executive office 
since July 1, 1905. Such a rise in position 
is not unknown by any means, but 
usually influence or friendship has been 
responsible in some degree, but President 
Watson began as a practical stranger, 
and every promotion was based upon 
merit. He filled each position so faith- 
fully and well that he was always the log- 
ical candidate for the next highest posi- 
tion in which there was a vacancy. He 
comes of an honored Scotch family of 
Dumfrieshire. 

William Watson, grandfather of Wil- 
liam L. Watson, of Pittston, Pennsyl- 
vania, was born in Dumfrieshire, and 
there passed his years, seventy-nine. He 
was a smith by trade and until incapaci- 
tated by age was engaged at his shop. 
He married Margaret Crawford, also born 
in Dumfrieshire. They were members of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Free church and in that faith reared 
their seven sons. Their home was in the 
mining village of Wanlockhead in the 
county or shire of Dumfries, six miles 
from Sanquhar. 

It was at Wanlockhead that their son, 
James Watson, was born, educated, and 
taught his father's trade, he serving the 
customary old country apprenticeship for 
seven years. He worked as a journey- 
man blacksmith in Scotland until 1854, 
then came to the United States, locating 
at Pittston, Pennsylvania, in 1855, and 
there resided until 1894, when he retired 
and spent the last two years of his life 
in contented ease. During this entire 
period in Pittston, forty-nine years, he 
was connected with the Pennsylvania 
Coal Company, in various capacities, 
being foreman for a number of years. 
Both he and his wife were members of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Pitts- 
town. His wife, Ann (Law) Watson, 
was also born at Wanlockhead, Scotland, 
died in Pittston, in 1900, aged seventy- 
four, a daughter of John and Jean (Hark- 
ness) Law. James and Ann (Law) Wat- 
son were the parents of eight children, 
seven of whom arrived at mature years, 
all residents of Pittston: William L„ 
whose useful life is herein reviewed ; 
Jean W., married John W. Thompson ; 
Margaret, married William Allan; Janet 
L. ; John A., an engineer ; Georgia A. ; 
and James L., an engineer. 

William L. Watson was born in Wan- 
lockhead, Dumfrieshire, Scotland, No- 
vember 6, 1850, but in 1854 was brought 
to the United States by his parents, 
James and Ann (Law) Watson. In 
1855, Pittston became the family home 
and there William L. Watson has ever 
since resided. He attended the public 
schools, began business life with the 
Pennsylvania Coal Company, but after 
serving that corporation four years, be- 



came bookkeeper for Law & McMillan, 
general store merchants, remaining with 
that firm until 1872. This brought him to 
the age of twenty-two, and then oppor- 
tunity knocked, finding the young man 
ready and waiting. He entered the em- 
ploy of the First National Bank of Pitts- 
ton in 1872, later was appointed teller, 
finally cashier, an important post he 
filled for a quarter of a century, 1877- 
1902. In January, 1902, he was elected 
vice-president, and in July, 1905, by vote 
of the board of directors, was elevated to 
the presidency, a post of trust, honor and 
responsibility he was amply qualified to 
fill, as the years have proven. The years, 
forty-six, spent with the First National 
Bank have been years of mutual benefit, 
and while no man may regard himself as 
indispensable in the scheme of life, it is 
hard to imagine the First National Bank 
of Pittston without William L. Watson, 
and equally difficult to consider William 
L. Watson apart from the First National 
Bank. As cashier he was the responsible 
head of the bank's policy, and made few 
mistakes in his estimates of the reliabil- 
ity of men and the desirability of offered 
investments. As president he carries for- 
ward along the lines his experience as 
cashier had proved wise, and the First 
National of Pittston is one of the strong 
financial institutions of the Wyoming 
Valley. Other corporations in which Mr. 
Watson has taken official interest are: 
The Pittston Gas Company, of which he 
was secretary many years ; The New 
York & Pittston Coal Company, a cor- 
poration of which he was director and 
treasurer, and until the sale of the New 
Mexico Railway and Coal Company, sold 
to Phelps, Dodge & Company, he was a 
member of its board of directors. He 
is also director of the Exeter Machine 
Company, Incorporated, holding the same 
office with the Kewanee Telephone Com- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



pany, and the Stonewall Iron Company, 
of Alabama. But his chief interest is and 
long has been the First National Bank 
of Pittston. A member and treasurer of 
the Presbyterian churches of Pittston and 
West Pittson, and to both a tower of 
strength, he served on the building com- 
mittee of the church erected in 1891 ; was 
treasurer of the building committee of 
the Young Men's Christian Association, 
when the present commodious structure 
which bears the association's name was 
erected, and for many years its treasurer, 
and has passed the chairs of Thistle 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows. 

Mr. Watson married (first), June 1, 
1876, Jean H. Law, born in Carbondale, 
Pennsylvania, daughter of Andrew H. 
and Helen (Aitken) Law. Mrs. Watson 
died June 8, 1908, and Mr. Watson mar- 
ried (second), June 2, 1910, Mary Dem- 
ing Strong, daughter of Theodore and 
Mary (Benedict) Strong, of West Pitts- 
ton, Pennsylvania. 



STARK, Joseph Mallery, 

Financier, Man of Affairs. 

Joseph Mallery Stark, prominent in the 
financial world of Luzerne county, vice- 
president of the Dime Deposit Bank of 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, and a suc- 
cessful business man in this region, is a 
member of an old family which was 
founded in this country early in the Col- 
onial period. 

The immigrant ancestor was Aaron 
Starke, who was one of the early set- 
tlers of Connecticut, and served under 
Captain John Mason during the Pequot 
wars in 1637. We find his name in the 
old records of military service in the col- 
ony as having taken part in the Narra- 
gansett War of 1675 under the same com- 
mander. Aaron Starke resided at Mystic, 



which was the eastern part of^the town- 
ship of New London, Connecticut, as 
early as 1653 i m I 666 he was made a 
freeman at Stonington, while in 1669 he 
became freeman at New London. There 
were a number of men of this name in 
the early New England colony, but the 
spelling was exceedingly lax and we find 
it under such forms as Start, Stark and 
Starke; - all "of which have persisted in 
various lines of descent. Aaron Starke 
had much to, do with church affairs dur- 
ing his residence at Stonington, and 
appears to have been prominent in many 
ways in the community. His birth 
occurred in England, in the year 1608, but 
the year of his immigration and the first 
place of his settlement in the colony was 
uncertain. He died at New London, Con- 
necticut, in 1685, and was the father of 
the following children : Aaron, born 
about 1654, and married Mehitable Shaw ; 
John, born about 1656; William, men- 
tioned below ; Margaret, who became the 
wife of John Fish ; and Elizabeth, who 
married Josiah Haynes. 

William Stark, son of Aaron Starke, 
was born in the year 1664, and died in 
1730. He was reared in the faith of the 
dominant church in the colony (Congre- 
gational) but later became a Baptist, and 
was one of the most ardent advocates of 
its teachings and a deacon of the church 
until the time of his death. He married 

Elizabeth , who was as devoted a 

worker in religious matters as himself. 
and they were the parents of four chil- 
dren, as follows: William, born at Gro- 
ton, Connecticut, in 1687; Christopher, 
mentioned below ; Daniel ; and Phebe, 
who became the wife of Thomas Wal- 
worth. 

Christopher Stark, son of William and 
Elizabeth Stark, was born in the year 
1698, at Groton, Connecticut, and died at 
Wyoming, Pennsylvania, in 1776, to 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



which place he removed later in life. He 
was one of the earliest purchasers of land 
in the Wyoming Valley from the Susque- 
hanna Land Company at Hartford, No- 
vember 20, 1754. He left Connecticut 
not long after, but did not go at once 
to his new property, settling for a time at 
Beekman's precinct, Dutchess county, 
New York, instead. Here he remained 
until 1772-73, when he removed with his 
three sons, to whom he had already 
deeded his property in Wyoming, to that 
place, and here shared with the other 
Connecticut settlers the privations of 
pioneer life in the wilderness of Pennsyl- 
vania. He and his sons joined also, in the 
defense of home and property, against the 
Pennamite authorities and were among 
the sufferers in the terrible Indian mas- 
sacre of July 3, 1778, when one of the 
sons, Aaron, fell a victim. Christopher 
Stark married April 1, 1722, at Groton, 
Joanna Walworth, a daughter of William 
and Abigail Walworth, of New London, 
where she was born in 1691. They were 
the parents of the following children: 1. 
Aaron, born November 3, 1732, married 

Margaret , and was slain in the 

Massacre of Wyoming, July 3, 1778; 
after the massacre his wife fled with her 
children back to Connecticut, but when 
Sullivan had driven the Indians from the 
Wyoming section, some of her children 
returned to Westmoreland county and 
founded branches of the family here. 2. 
James, mentioned below. 3. William, 
born about 1747, and died in Orange 
county, New York, in 1795 ; he married 
Polly Carey, and lived for a time in the 
Wyoming Valley, but returned to Orange 
county, where he left a large family of 
descendants. Other descendants of his 
remained in the Wyoming Valley. 

James Stark, son of Christopher and 
Joanna (Walworth) Stark, was born May 
22, 1734, and died July 20, 1777. He mar- 



ried, in 1758, Elizabeth Carey, daughter 
of the Rev. Henry Carey, one of the first 
Baptist ministers of Dutchess county, 
New York. The life of James Stark fell 
on troubless times and he was one of 
those to take up arms in the call of Amer- 
ican independence against Great Britain. 
He entered the army under General 
Washington, but returned not long after 
to Wyoming Valley, where his death 
occurred of smallpox. James and Eliza- 
beth (Carey) Stark were the parents of a 
number of children, among whom were 
Henry, mentioned below ; and Samuel, 
born October 8, 1771, in Dutchess county, 
New York, married, August 10, 1793, 
Polly Birdsall, who bore him thirteen 
children, and died September 30, 1840, in 
Michigan. 

Henry Stark, son of James and Eliza- 
beth (Carey) Stark, was born April 19, 
1762, in the Wyoming Valley, and mar- 
ried, November 3, 1791, Elizabeth Ken- 
nedy. He was the father of a number of 
children, among whom was John, men- 
tioned below. 

John Stark, son of Henry and Eliza- 
beth (Kennedy) Stark, was born Janu- 
ary 4, 1795, and died June 22, 1878. He 
lived in the Wyoming Valley and was a 
prominent figure there, taking an active 
part in the life of the place. He married, 
November 4, 1815, Cornelia Wilcox, born 
March 24, 1797, died May 11, 1884, a 
daughter of Isaac and Nancy (New- 
combe) Wilcox, and they were the par- 
ents of the following children : Hiram, 
born February 9, 1817; G. W. Dinsmore, 
born April 16, 1818; Elizabeth, born Feb- 
ruary 3, 1820, died November 17, 1852, 
married, June 23, 1839, Samuel Billing; 
Nancy, born December 8, 1821, became 
the wife of Elijah Conard ; Jane, born 
May 3, 1827, married, April 22, 1857, Gar- 
rick Mallery Miller; Henry, born Octo- 
ber io, 1831 ; Mary Almeda, born Feb- 



75 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ruary 16, 1833, married, April 26, 1855, 
Stephen N. Miller; John R., mentioned 
below; and Martha W., who became the 
wife of Major Oliver J. Parsons, whom 
she married in 1865, and died in 1904. 

John R. Stark, youngest son of John 
and Cornelia (Wilcox) Stark, was born 
December 15, 1834, at Plains, Pennsyl- 
vania, and died there October 17, 1901, at 
the age of sixty-seven years. He received 
his education at the public schools of his 
native town, and resided on the old Stark 
property at Plains throughout his entire 
life. He was very successful in his pur- 
suit of agricultural occupations and was 
altogether a very capable business man. 
He was a Methodist in his religious belief, 
and a Republican in his politics, and 
took an active part in local public affairs. 
Mr. Stark married (first) November 3, 
1863, Phoebe Jane Swallow, a native of 
Plainsville, born September 18, 1830, a 
daughter of Joseph and Mary (Cooper) 
Swallow. They were the parents of two 
children, Joseph Mallery, with whose 
career we are especially concerned, and 
Cornelia M. Joseph Swallow, the father 
of Mrs. John R. Stark, was born July 7, 
1781, at Brick Church, New Jersey, and 
later came to Plainsville, where he engaged 
in farming. Mrs. Stark died at the Stark 
residence, December 6, 1875, at the age of 
forty-five years, and her remains were 
interred in the Hollenback Cemetery. 
John R. Stark married (second), June 6, 
1877, at Rockdale, Pennsylvania, Re- 
becca Wharram, born at Plymouth, Penn- 
sylvania, May 26, 1842, a daughter of 
Emanuel and Charlotte (Evans) Whar- 
ram, also of Plymouth. Emanuel Whar- 
ram was of English descent, and came 
from North Berton, Yorkshire, England, 
in the year 1830. 

Joseph Mallery Stark, only son of John 
R. and Phoebe Jane (Swallow) Stark, 
was born August 28, 1868, at Plains, 



Pennsylvania. His childhood was spent I 
in his native town, and it was there that 
he gained the elementary portion of his 
education, attending for this purpose the 
local public schools. He afterwards 
entered Wyoming Seminary at Kingston, 
Pennsylvania, and after completing his 
studies at this institution secured a cleri- 
cal position with the Delaware & Hudson 
Company, and worked in the office of this 
concern at Plains for a period of some six 
years. He was very anxious to be inde- 
pendent in his business and accordingly, 
as soon as it was possible, embarked in 
a general mercantile enterprise at Hud- 
son, Pennsylvania, where he remained for 
twelve years and won a notable success. 
At the end of this period he disposed of 
his business there and gave his entire 
attention to the mining operation in 
which he had become interested some 
time before. During this time, however, 
he had been very active with local pub- 
lic affairs and had made himself well 
known to the community generally, espe- 
cially in connection with local politics. 
He served as postmaster at Hudson for 
ten years, being first man appointed by 
President McKinley, and during this 
service did much to improve and develop 
that important office. While still engaged 
in the mercantile business, Mr. Stark 
became interested in the mining industry, 
which was then in the period of its most 
rapid development, and about 1900 opened 
the slope on the old Stark estate which 
he continued to operate until 1912, when 
he disposed of his interests to some Phil- 
adelphia capitalists. Since that time Mr. 
Stark has devoted himself to banking and 
other business affairs, and in 1916 was 
elected vice-president of the Dime De- 
posit Bank, a position which he holds at 
the present time. He is also president of 
the Kitsee Battery and the Standard Top 
Company, both of Wilkes-Barre. He is 



76 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



also a prominent figure in the social and 
fraternal circles here, and is a member of 
Landmark Lodge, No. 442, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and of the Westmoreland 
and Craftsman's clubs. In his religious 
belief he is a Methodist and attends the 
church of this denomination at Plains. 

Joseph Mallery Stark was united in 
marriage, June 25, 1891, at Bradford 
county, Pennsylvania, with Elizabeth A. 
Stewart, a daughter of Charles L. and 
Sarah L. (Billings) Stewart. Charles L. 
Stewart was a prominent citizen of Brad- 
ford county, and had been engaged in a 
variety of business pursuits there ever 
since the Civil War, in which he served. 



HEYER, Edward G., M. D., 

Physician, Surgeon. 

IWhen a child, John G. Heyer was 
brought to the United States from Ger- 
many, and at Hazleton, Pennsylvania, has 
passed the years which have since inter- 
vened. There his son, Dr. Edward G. 
Heyer, was born, and from there went 
out to his present responsible station as 
superintendent of the State Hospital of 
Nanticoke. 

The father, John G. Heyer, came to 
Hazleton directly from New York City, 
the landing place, and was taken into 
the home of a friend of the family. After 
attendance at public schools he became 
an apprentice to the blacksmith's trade, 
under Philip Lindenman, completing a 
full term and becoming a skilled worker 
in metals. In time he rose from journey- 
man to shop proprietor, and yet continues 
in business at Hazleton, successful and 
contented. He is a Republican in poli- 
tics, a Lutheran in religious faith, and 
a member of the Knights of Malta. 
He married Sophia Krapf, daughter of 
George and Elizabeth (Bergman) Krapf, 
one of Hazleton's pioneer settlers. Mr. 



and Mrs. Heyer are the parents of: Au- 
gusta, deceased ; Edward G., of further 
mention; and Fred W., an M. D., prac- 
ticing his profession now in Evacuation 
Hospital, No. 3, France ; was graduated 
in 1912 from the Medico-Chirurgical Col- 
lege, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and- 
was assistant to his brother in the State 
Hospital of Nanticoke, Pennsylvania, for 
five years prior to entering the Govern- 
ment service. 

Dr. Edward G. Heyer was born in 
Hazleton, Pennsylvania, December 26, 
1882, and there completed full public 
school courses. He entered business life 
as a member of the firm, Krapf Brothers 
& Company, hardware merchants of 
Hazleton, and as an active partner in that 
business continued for five years. He 
then withdrew from business life and 
began the study of medicine, entering the 
Medico-Chirurgical College, Philadelphia, 
in 1906, receiving his degree M. D. four 
years later with the graduating class of 
1910. He at once secured a position as 
interne at the State Hospital, Hazleton, 
continuing in that relation for one year, 
then advancing to the position of assist- 
ant surgeon under Dr. Lathrop. He con- 
tinued as Dr. Lathrop's assistant until 
April 2, 1914, when he was appointed 
superintendent and surgeon to the State 
Plospital of Nanticoke, a position he has 
ably filled and yet retains. 

Dr. Heyer is one of the men who have 
had his dreams of a future come true. 
From boyhood he had a desire and an 
ambition to become a physician and sur- 
geon, and while for a time his way led 
along mercantile lines, the ambition never 
weakened, and when finally the way 
opened he seized the opportunity, and at 
the age of twenty-seven received the cov- 
eted M. D. His advance in rank has 
been rapid, he being but thirty-one when 
appointed superintendent of the State 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Hospital of Nanticoke, and since assum- 
ing the responsibilities of that position 
has added to his reputation as physician 
and surgeon, that of a capable, executive 
manager. Since becoming superintendent 
the capacity of the hospital has been 
doubled through the erection of two addi- 
tions, seventy beds now being available 
for patients, and the entire equipment of 
the hospital has been modernized. Four 
hundred patients were cared for in 1914, 
while the report for the last year, 1917, 
showed that between sixteen and seven- 
teen hundred sufferers were treated in 
the enlarged quarters. The success Dr. 
Hyer has achieved in his profession comes 
not alone through his acknowledged 
skill as physician and surgeon, but a 
great aid is his intense devotion to his 
profession and his deeply sympathetic 
nature. He has won particularly high 
reputation in his section as a surgeon, 
and holds the high regard of all who are 
associated with him. He is a member of 
the American Medical Association, the 
Pennsylvania State Medical Society, Lu- 
zerne County Medical Society, and the 
Lehigh Valley Medical Society, and 
through the medium of these associations 
of medical men he keeps in touch with 
all advance in medicine or surgery. He is 
a member of Nanticoke Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons ; and Bloomsburg Con- 
sistory, Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite. 
Dr. Heyer married, June 27, 1910, Har- 
riet C. Mayer, born February 10, 1884, 
daughter of John L. Mayer, of Lakewood. 
New Jersey. 



SHOEMAKER. Samuel R., 

Business Man, Agriculturalist. 

When Michael Shoemaker left his Ger- 
man home and sought a location in the 
New World he chose lands near Easton, 
Pennsylvania, and there settled early in 



the nineteenth century. His son, Isaac 
Shoemaker, settled in the Wyoming Val- 
ley, coming thence from Northampton 
county, the original family seat. Isaac 
Shoemaker had a son, Jacob I. Shoe- 
maker, who moved to New York State, 
where he learned the saddler's trade. 
Later he returned to Wyoming, there 
purchasing a farm and conducting Shoe- 
maker's Hotel (later known as the Pol- 
lock House). Jacob I. Shoemaker was 
the father of Isaac C. Shoemaker, who 
was for years his father's business asso- 
ciate, they owning the woolen factory 
built by Benjamin Carpenter in 1780, and 
a grist mill. The locality at the lower 
end of the Gorge, where Abrams creek 
breaks through the Kingston Mountain, 
was first known as Carpenter Mills, but 
later as Shoemaker's Mills. The family 
was influential and substantial, having 
large and varied business interests which 
were well managed. Isaac C. Shoemaker 
married Catherine Shoemaker, they the 
parents of Samuel R. Shoemaker, to 
whose memory this review is dedicated. 
Samuel R. Shoemaker was born in 
Wyoming, Pennsylvania, May 1, 1841, 
and there died May 2, 1901. He grew to 
manhood at the home farm, was educated 
in the public schools and Wyoming Sem- 
inary, and upon reaching legal age was 
admitted to a partnership with his father 
and brother, they henceforth operating as 
I. C. Shoemaker & Sons. The firm 
owned and operated a large milling plant 
known as the Shoemaker's Steam Grist 
Mills, and were also engaged in manu- 
facturing cloth at the Wyoming Woolen 
Mill, which they owned. In addition, 
they owned and cultivated a large farm. 
The firm operated their varied enterprises 
very successfully until January 18, 1875, 
when the death of the father, Isaac C. 
Shoemaker, brought about a reorganiza- 
tion, the sons continuing as Isaac Shoe- 




C2^y?<$£^£ 



0-CtsCCGyfl 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



maker's Sons. They continued along the 
same lines until 1881, when Samuel R. 
sold his interest in the business to his 
brother, Jacob I. (2) Shoemaker, and 
thenceforth devoted himself to the culti- 
vation of his half of the homestead farm. 
That was in 1881 and for the succeeding 
twenty years he lived the quiet life of the 
farm, its improvement and management 
completely satisfying his ambition, for 
he loved the old farm, and in his home life 
found his greatest joy. During those 
years he traveled a great deal both at 
Home and abroad, but was always accom- 
panied by his family. 

He was most friendly and cordial in 
disposition, and greatly enjoyed social 
intercourse with friends. He was a mem- 
ber of Valley Lodge, No. 499, Free and 
Accepted Masons, of Pittston, being one 
of the honored past masters of that 
lodge ; he was also a member of Chapter, 
Council and Commandery of the Masonic 
order, and was held in the highest esteem 
by his brethren. He belonged to the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, to the 
Knights of Honor, and the Royal Ar- 
canum ; was secretary of the Luzerne 
County Agricultural Society in 1891, and 
held the same position with the Wyom- 
ing Cemetery Association. Both he and 
his wife were attendants of the Methodist 
Episcopal church of Wyoming. 

Mr. Shoemaker married, January 7, 
1868, Jennie Carver, daughter of Rufus 
and Nancy (Harding) Carver. Mrs. 
Shoemaker survives her husband and 
continues her residence at Wyoming. 
Mr. and Mrs. Shoemaker were the par- 
ents of a son, Archie C. Shoemaker, D. 
D. S.. born August 18, 1869; and of a 
daughter, Amy E., born February 17, 
1871, died August 28, 1872. 

The following resolutions were adopted 
by Valley Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons, in honor of the memory of their 
fallen brother and past master: 



In fraternal memory of Brother Samuel R. 
Shoemaker, who was suddenly called from labor, 
May 2, i goi. In his death his family lost a kind 
husband and father; the Masonic fraternity in 
general miss from their ranks a member whose 
daily walk and conversation could but reflect 
credit to the craft and honor to his fellowmen ; 
the community in which our brother lived loses 
an exemplary citizen. He was in the true sense 
a manly man, and consequently a good Mason. 
In humble submission we bow to the mandate of 
the Grand Master of the Universe, and hereby 
extend to the bereaved family of our brother our 
sincere sympathy, knowing that words at this 
time, when the heart is full of sorrow, seem cold 
and cheerless, but commend you to the source of 
all comfort. He who is too wise to err, and too 
good to be unkind. 

The honorable, upright life of our deceased 
brother is a precious legacy to his family, and to 
the Masonic order. May we all emulate his ex- 
ample and remember that: 

So should we all live, that every hour, 
May fall as falls the natural flower, 
A self-reviving thing of power; 
That every thought and every deed, 
May hold within itself the seed 
Of future good and future need. 

Resolved : That this tribute of respect be spread 
upon the minutes and a copy suitably engrossed 
be presented to his family. 

F. Wilbur Kyte, 
Charles Schumacher, 
Charles H. Memory, 

Committee. 



CASSELBERRY, Harry Brundage, M.D. 

Physician, Public Official. 

In the city of Hazleton, two doctors 
bearing the name of Casselberry have been 
distinguished members of the medical 
profession, Dr. Jesse R. Casselberry, a 
graduate of Jefferson Medical College, 
class of "56," and his son, Harry Brundage 
Casselberry, a graduate of the same insti- 
tution, class of "86." The father special- 
ized in surgery, the son after special 
preparation at home and abroad choosing 
as his special line of practice diseases of 
the eye, ear, nose and throat. The father 
has long been gathered to his reward, 
dying in October, 1892 ; the son pursuing 



79 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a brilliant professional career and attain- 
ing eminence as a citizen, his useful life 
ending March 29, 1816. Dr. Harry B. 
Casselberry was one of the most versa- 
tile of men, and had he not elected the 
medical profession as his life work, would 
have attained high literary honors. Even 
amid the cares of an exacting profession 
many able articles on medical and other 
subjects emanated from his pen, and for 
years his musical and dramatic critiques, 
written over the signature "The Man 
with the Opera Glass," were leading fea- 
tures of the "Philadelphia Press" and 
"Hazleton Sentinel," he being the dram- 
atic critic for both journals. He was also 
staff correspondent for a number of musi- 
cal publications, and was a most enter- 
taining as well as a fair-minded critic. He 
could also have gone far in political life 
had he so desired, but he forbade the use 
of his name for State Senator, he being a 
politician without any desire for public 
office. He was a lineal descendant of 
Captain Israel Brundage. through his 
mother, Amanda (Brundage) Cassel- 
berry, daughter of Moses S. and Jane 
(Brodhead) Brundage, and a grand- 
daughter of Captain Israel Brundage, 
who came from England prior to the 
Revolution, settled in New Jersey, and 
gained a captain's commission in the 
Continental Army. The Casselberrys are 
an old Pennsylvania family, Richard Cas- 
selberry, father of Dr. Jesse R. Cassel- 
berry, being a native son of Pottstown, 
Pennsylvania, his wife, Elizabeth (Mil- 
ler) Casselberry, living to the great age 
of ninety-four years. 

Dr. Jesse Roberts Casselberry, born at 
Pottstown, Pennsylvania, died at Hazle- 
ton, Pennsylvania, in October, 1892. 
After receiving his degree from Jefferson 
Medical College in 1856, he located in the 
village of Conyngham, there practicing 
until 1875. In that year he moved to 
Hazleton, and there practiced until his 



death, specializing in surgery. He was 
one of the founders, and a director of the 
Hazleton Gas Company, a trustee of the 
Presbyterian church, a member of the 
Free and Accepted Masons and the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. He mar- 
ried, February 21, 1862, Amanda Brun- 
dage, born in Conyngham, died in Hazle- 
ton, December 4, 1875, daughter of 
Moses S. and Jane (Brodhead) Brundage. 
Dr. Harry Brundage Casselberry was 
born in Conyngham, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, December 19, 1863, died 
en route from Palm Beach, Florida, to 
his home in Hazleton, Pennsylvania, 
March 29, 1916. He attended the vil- 
lage public school until 1875, when his 
parents moved to Hazleton, where he 
continued high school study until 1880. 
He then spent a year at Williston Semin- 
ary at Easthampton, Massachusetts, 
there preparing for Lafayette College, 
which institution he entered in 1881, pur- 
suing the scientific course. After gradu- 
ation he began the study of medicine, reg- 
istering in his father office. Later he was 
a student at Jefferson Medical College, 
his father's alma mater, and on April 2, 

1886, he was graduated M. D. from that 
institution. He had devoted special atten- 
tion to diseases of the eye, ear, nose and 
throat, and after leaving college he con- 
tinued his studies in these diseases in the 
Philadelphia Hospital. In the spring of 

1887, he went abroad to avail himself of 
the advantage foreign institutions offered, 
and in Berlin studied under Professors 
Schweiger and Hirschberg of the Fred- 
reichs Wilhelm University, eminent spe- 
cialists connected with the University. 
Afterward he spent several months in 
similar study in London, at St. Mary's 
College Hospital, under Professors Juler 
and Critchilt, then returned to Hazleton 
and practiced most successfully as a spe- 
cialist until his death. 

Although eminent in his profession and 



80 




W &&JuULA*j*L, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



head of a large practice, Dr. Casselberry 
had important business interests, serving 
as a director of the Hazleton National 
Bank, Hazleton Gas Company, Hazleton 
Regalia Company and the Midland Street 
Railway Company. He was an ardent 
Republican, serving as a member of the 
county central committee, and sitting in 
many city, district and State conventions. 
When Hazleton became a city in 1892, 
he was nominated by the Republicans, 
and endorsed by the Democrats of the 
Eigth Ward for Select Council. That 
body was organized April 4, 1892, and Dr. 
Casselberry, the youngest member, was 
chosen president, an office to which he 
was annually elected as long as he re- 
mained a member of Select Council, eight 
years. This was the only office he would 
ever accept, but any post within the gift 
of the city could have been his. 

While a student abroad, he saw a great 
deal of Europe, and in after life continued 
that acquaintance, travel being one of his 
passions. His last trip abroad carried 
him to Egypt, in order to pursue scien- 
tific studies in geology. This was in 
1900, but he was forced to return to the 
United States before his researches were 
completed. At various times he visited 
nearly every quarter of the World, his 
store of knowledge being greatly added 
to by his journeyings. Many of his writ- 
ings were upon travel subjects, and all 
his literary work bore the mark of that 
culture and polish travel alone can give. 
His literary talent was undoubted and he 
occupied an assured position among men 
of letters. Musical and dramatic criti- 
cism was his specialty, and the both praised 
and condemned artists and their work 
with rare discrimination and fairness. 
His patriotic ancestry gained him admis- 
sion to the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, and on his own merits he became a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, the Patriotic Order Sons of 



America, and the Junior Order of Amer- 
ican Mechanics. While at Williston Sem- 
inary, he with six other students founded 
the fraternity, "Iota Zeta," now a popu- 
lar preparatory school order. In 1886, 
the first annual reunion of the order was 
held in New York City, Dr. Casselberry 
being elected Grand President of the 
Alumni lodges. His college fraternity 
was Theta Delta Chi. He was a mem- 
ber of the Luzerne County and Pennsyl- 
vania State Medical societies. 

Dr. Casselberry married, June 29, 1898, 
Marie Leigh Johns, daughter of George 
and Ann (Evans) Johns, of Hazleton, her 
father a prominent coal operator of that 
district. 



SHEEDER, Vincent Bayard, 

Merchant. 

As merchant and business man, Mr. 
Sheeder is well and favorably known to 
the business world, while as citizen his 
reputation is very high. He is known far 
and near as a man of highest integrity, 
and numbers his friends wherever known. 
He has won abundant success through 
energy, perseverance, and intelligently 
directed effort. His position in his com- 
munity has been fairly earned, and in all 
that goes to make the sum total of an 
American man of affairs, Mr. Sheeder 
stands with the most worthy. He is a 
descendant of Henry Sheeder, born in 
Nassau, Saarbrucen, Germany, October 
2 3> l 745> died December 2, 1807, who 
married, August 16, 1774, Dorothea Hel- 
fenstine, born May 24, 1741, died August 
17, 1823. They continued their residence 
in Germany many years. Their children 
were as follows : Caroline, Frederick, 
Catherine, Henry, Philip and Louisa, all 
born in Germany. In 1793, Henry 
Sheeder with his family arrived in Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania, the exact date, 
November 26. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Frederick Sheeder, eldest son of Henry 
and Dorothea (Helfenstine) Sheeder, was 
born in Germany, February 20, 1777, 
died in West Vincent township, Chester 
county, Pennsylvania, September 18, 
1865. He became a merchant tailor of 
Philadelphia, after the arrival there in 
1793, and was acquainted with President 
Washington. Later in life he moved to 
Chester county, where he was a pioneer 
paper manufacturer, also conducted a saw 
mill, and there spent many of the last 
years of his long life. He was a wide 
reader and a close observer of men, and 
kept in close touch with current events 
until the end. In 1846. he wrote a his- 
tory of West Vincent township, and was 
an authority on local history. During the 
War of 1812, he joined the American 
Army, and was on duty at Marcus Hook. 
He married, March 17, 1798, Anna Hal- 
deman, born November 6, 1778, died July 
29, i860, daughter of Nicholas Halde- 
man. In March, i860, Mr. and Mrs. 
Sheeder celebrated the sixty-third anni- 
versary of their wedding day, the occa- 
sion being one of exceeding interest to 
the entire community. In addition to his 
farming, Air. Sheeder erected many barns 
and dwellings on his own and other 
farms. Frederick and Anna Sheeder were 
the parents of sons and daughters : Fred- 
erick (2), Henry, Mary, married Joshua 
Yager; Samuel, Philip, Caroline, Cath- 
erine, Sarah, married William Cully; Jo- 
seph, and Benjamin Franklin. 

Benjamin Franklin Sheeder, youngest 
child of Frederick and Anna (Haldeman) 
Sheeder, was born in West Vincent town- 
ship, Chester county, Pennsylvania, Jan- 
uary 7, 1823, died in Minersville, Penn- 
sylvania, September 5, 1879. He was 
educated in the public schools of his dis- 
trict, and for a time taught school in 
Hamburg, Berks county, Pennsylvania. 
Later in life he moved to Minersville, 



Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, where ' 
he engaged in mercantile business, and , 
for many years served as justice of the ' 
peace. He was a member of the Luth- ] 
eran church, and in his political faith a 
Republican. Benjamin F. Sheeder mar- 
ried Catherine Wagner, born October n, 
1829, daughter of Henry and Barbara 
(Hoffman) Wagner, of Berks county, 
Pennsylvania; she died February 8. 1898, 
in Minersville. They were the parents of 
two children who grew to maturity: 
Vincent Bayard, and Ambrose Ira, of 
Minersville, Pennsylvania. 

Vincent Bayard Sheeder, son of Ben- 
jamin Franklin and Catherine (Wagner) 
Sheeder, was born in Hamburg, Berks 
county, Pennsylvania, November 26, 1857, 
but when young was taken by his parents 
to Minersville, Schuykill county. There 
he was educated in the public schools, 
and when his school days were over 
served an apprenticeship with the car- I 
riagemaker, William Scott, of Hamburg, j 
Berks county, who taught him the car- 
riage and wagon builder's trade. Later 
he became a merchant, remaining in Min- 
ersville until 1887, then moving to Ma- 
hanoy City, there being manager of a 
store at Buck Mountain. He remained 
there two years, until 1889, then moved 
to Alden, where until 1900 he was man- 
ager for W. W. Scott. In 1900 the firm 
Sheeder & Scott was formed to open and 
conduct a general store at Wanamie, 
Pennsylvania, that store being in charge 
of Mr. Sheeder as a partnership business 
until 191 1, when he became sole owner 
under the firm name, V. B. Sheeder. 
That business is still continued most suc- 
cessfully by Mr. Sheeder, who has other 
large business interests in the district. 
His corporate interests are largely in 
lumber and construction, he being a direc- 
tor and vice-president of the Nanticoke 
Construction Company, and of the Sus- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



quehanna Lumber Company. His bank- 
ing connection is with the Nanticoke Na- 
tional Bank, which he serves as director. 

In Free Masonry, Mr. Sheeder holds all 
degrees of Nanticoke Lodge, Free and 
Accepted Masons ; and Shekinah Chap- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons ; and in Scot- 
tish Rite Masonry has attained the thirty- 
second degree. He is a noble of Irem 
Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows ; the Junior Order of American 
Mechanics ; and the Craftsman Club. He 
is now (1918) serving as a member of the 
Exemption Board, sitting at Nanticoke, 
and faithfully performing that patriotic 
duty. 

Mr. Sheeder married, May 20, 1886, 
Magdalene Gertrude Bauer, born April 
15, i860, daughter of Jacob and Sarah 
(Wertley) Bauer, of Schuylkill Haven, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Sheeder are 
the parents of the following children: 1. 
Mary Irene, born October 20, 1887, who 
married, November 6, 1917, Lou Scott 
Wilson. 2. George V., born November 
4, 1888 ; educated in the public schools of 
Wanamie, Wyoming Seminary and the 
University of Belgium, his course at the 
last named institution being in music; 
after his return to Pennsylvania, he be- 
came an instructor in violin music at 
Wyoming Seminary, his present posi- 
tion; he married, December 31, 1915, Vir- 
ginia Bramblette, born September 17, 
1891, daughter of William M. and Mary 
Kane (Baxter) Bramblette, of Carlisle, 
Kentucky. 3. Vincent Bayard, Jr., born 
February 3, 1899, now a student at 
Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Pennsyl- 



STULL, Arthur Lewis, 

Business Man. 

While Mr. Stull has reached a com- 
manding position in the business world in 



which he moves, he holds that posi- 
tion through untiring effort, intelligently 
directed, and not through a lucky turn of 
Fortune's Wheel, nor the favor of influ- 
ential friends. He was a worker from 
youth, and since becoming head of his 
own business gives it closest supervision, 
and is familiar with its every detail. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, has become 
the seat of his business activity, but the 
earlier years of his life were spent in 
another section. He is a grandson of 
Lewis and Elizabeth (Guinter) Stull, his 
grandfather a native Philadelphian, his 
grandmother born in Germany. 

Lewis Stull, born in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1797, came to Bucks town- 
ship, Luzerne county, about 1817, and 
there resided until his death, upon the 
farm of one hundred and sixty-six acres 
which he bought, cleared and improved. 
Eight of the nine children of Lewis and 
Elizabeth (Guinter) Stull lived to mature 
years, five became well-known business 
men or agriculturists: Lewis (2), of 
Stoddardsville ; John, killed in a battle of 
the Civil War; Henry, buried at Moosic, 
Pennsylvania ; Albert, a lumberman of 
Moosic ; Mary, married William Hess- 
ler, of Moosic ; Adam, of further mention, 
and Daniel, a merchant in charge of the 
Pettebone estate in Wyoming, Pennsyl- 
vania. Lewis Stull, the father, died in 
1867. 

Adam Stull, son of Lewis and Eliza- 
beth (Guinter) Stull, was born in Beau- 
mont, Wyoming county, Pennsylvania, 
March 13, 1837, died 1913. He attended 
the township district school, and until 
1870 was engaged in lumbering. In that 
year he became connected with Albert 
Lewis, at White Haven and Bear Creek, 
in his lumber and ice business, as man- 
ager, later going to Harveys Lake and 
developing the lumber interests of Mr. 
Lewis, and was associated with him until 
death. Adam Stull married, i8;8, Mel- 



83 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



vina Lewis, sister of Albert Lewis, with 
whom Mr. Stull was so long associated. 
They were the parents of: Arthur Lewis, 
of further mention; Sarah L., married J. 
F. Glaspy, of Elizabeth, New Jersey; 
Frederick A., and Albert A. 

Arthur Lewis Stull, eldest son of 
Adam and Melvina (Lewis) Stull, was 
born in Gouldsboro, Wayne county, Penn- 
sylvania, September 30, 1862. He was 
educated in the village schools, Wyoming 
Seminary, and Dickinson Seminary, Wil- 
liamsport, Pennsylvania, completing his 
studies at the age of eighteen years, and 
began business life immediately after 
leaving the seminary, his first position, 
time keeper, his first employer, his uncle, 
Albert Lewis, at his lumber and ice bus- 
iness at Bear Creek, Pennsylvania. He 
continued with Mr. Lewis in subordinate 
capacity until 1887. When Mr. Lewis 
opened the Harveys Lake and Bowman 
Creek lumber district, July 5, 1887, Mr. 
Stull accompanied him and was made 
superintendent of the plant. On August 
1, 1890, Mr. Lewis organized the Albert 
Lewis Lumber Manufacturing Company, 
of which Mr. Stull was made treasurer 
and general manager, continuing in that 
capacity until 1907, when the name was 
changed to Lewis & Stull. which con- 
tinued until 1913, when all the timber that 
was owned by the company was ex- 
hausted, and Mr. Lewis purchased all the 
Stull's interest and the same day sold 
back to Arthur L. Stull and his brother, 
Albert A. Stull, the ice plant at Mt. 
Spring and farm of 6,800 acres of land ; 
the property is still in the possession of 
Mr. Stull and his brother. This business 
he yet continues with satisfactory results, 
with headquarters in Alderson, Pennsyl- 
vania. He is a director of the Miner's 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre, director of the 
Preston Lumber & Coal Company of 
Maryland, and has other interests, includ- 



ing the ownership of one of the finest 
farms in the Wyoming Valley, modernly 
equipped in every respect and modernly 
managed. Mr. Stull is a member of the 
Westmoreland Club of Wilkes-Barre ; is 
a Republican in politics ; and a member 
of the Presbyterian church. 

Mr. Stull married, October 31, 1889, 
Mary Edie, daughter of Rev. James M. 
and Josephine (Logan) Edie, of York, 
Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Stull are 
the parents of: Josephine E., born June 
21, 1891, a graduate of Barnard College, 
Columbia University, New York, class of 
1918; Robert A., born March 2, 1895, edu- 
cated in the Wilkes-Barre public schools, 
Mercersburg Academy, and Lehigh Uni- 
versity, leaving Lehigh to enlist in the 
109th Regiment Field Artillery, United 
States Army, in which he now holds the 
rank or sergeant major; Arthur A. (2), 
born August 28, 1898, educated in the 
public schools, Harry Hillman Academy, 
and Mercersburg Academy, now (1918) 
freshman, Princeton University. 



FALK, Sigmund, 

Manufacturer. 

Prominent among the younger gener- j 

ation of manufacturers who are infusing '• 

into the Pittsburgh district the element ■ 

of youthful vigor and enthusiasm is Sig- ) 

mund Falk, vice-president and director of j 

the Duquesne Reduction Company. Mr. j 

Falk has thoroughly identified himself ; 
with a number of Pittsburgh's leading 
interests, entering into their promotion 

with the same aggressiveness which char- \ 
acterizes him in all that he undertakes. 

Sigmund Falk was born in Irwin, ] 

Pennsylvania, August 4, 1873. He is a 1 
son of the late Charles and Sarah (Sand- 

ers) Falk. His education was received | 
in the public and private schools of his 

section, and upon its completion entered j 



84 




' J a luj^u/>I ^JrA^f 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



manufacturing and mercantile lines of 
endeavor, in which he has achieved prom- 
inence. He has been for some years asso- 
ciated with his brothers, Leon and Mau- 
rice (whose biographies and portraits are 
elsewhere in this work) and now holds 
various official positions in a number of 
corporations, among them being vice- 
president and director of the Duquesne 
Reduction Company. Mr. Falk is a Re- 
publican in politics, but has never held 
office, always preferring to concentrate 
his energy on his business. Of social 
nature, Mr. Falk holds membership in 
various clubs, among them being the 
Westmoreland Country and Concordia. 
He is a member of Rodef Shalom con- 
gregation. 



NORSTEDT, J. Albert, M. D., 

Physician. 

In Vestervik, a seaport of Sweden, on 
an inlet of the Baltic sea, Peter Norstedt 
lived, married and reared a family. He 
was a jeweler and clockmaker, and Ves- 
tervik being a town of size and import- 
ance, his business was profitable, and his 
position in social life a secure one. He 
married Regina Anderson, and they were 
the parents of a son, J. Albert Norstedt, 
who in 1872 came to the United States, 
continuing at Mt. Carmel, a borough of 
Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, 
the business which had long been a fam- 
ily one and which he learned from his 
father in his far off Swedish home. In 
Mt. Carmel he continued the jewelry bus- 
iness for about forty years. His wife 
was a daughter of David J. Lewis, a vet- 
eran of the Civil War, the first postmas- 
ter of Mt. Carmel, a justice of the peace 
for thirty-five years, and a pioneer coal 
operator of that section. Her mother, 
Amanda (Hill) Lewis, was a descendant 
of Isaac Levan Hill, a Huguenot, who 



fled from France with his brothers in a 
time of religious persecution. J. Albert 
and Kate (Lewis) Norstedt were the par- 
ents of seven sons and a daughter, the 
latter and three of her brothers now in 
the service of their country as volunteers, 
while a fourth brother, Lieutenant Gus- 
tave Norstedt, an officer of the Medical 
Reserve Corps, United States Army, died 
March 15, 1918. Of such parentage and 
such environment came Dr. J. Albert (2) 
Norstedt, one of the most prominent of 
the younger physicians of the Wyoming 
Valley. 

J. Albert Norstedt, son of Peter and 
Regina (Anderson) Norstedt was born 
in Vestervik, Sweden, 1847, an d died at 
Mt. Carmel, Pennsylvania, 1914. He' 
learned the jeweler's trade with his 
father, became an expert in watch and 
clock work, continuing at his trade in 
his home town until 1872, when he came 
to the United States, landing at Philadel- 
phia, but immediately going to his pre- 
arranged destination, Mt. Carmel, North- 
umberland county, in the anthracite coal 
region of Pennsylvania. He was the first 
man to there engage in the jewelry busi- 
ness, and during the forty-two years 
which intervened ere death claimed him, 
he was one of the reliable, substantial 
men of the borough. He was of quiet life 
and habits, diligent in business, very 
much attached to his home and family to 
the exclusion of political office seeking or 
club membership. In religious faith he 
was a Lutheran, and in politics supported 
the Republican party. He was esteemed 
of all men and lived the mature period of 
his years, sixty-seven, in the favor of his 
fellowmen. 

Mr. Norstedt married at Mt. Carmel, 
May 22, 1882, Kate Lewis, who survives 
him, a daughter of Squire Davis J. and 
Amanda (Hill) Lewis (of previous men- 
tion), the latter a descendant of a 



85 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Huguenot ancestor, Isaac Levan Hill, 
through whom Mrs. Lewis gains her 
membership in the Pennsylvania Hugue- 
not Society. Squire David J. and Amanda 
(Hill) Lewis were the parents of: John 
J.; William H., a physician; Josephine, 
who married William Camp ; and Kate, 
widow of J. Albert Norstedt. Mr. and 
Mrs. J. Albert Norstedt are the parents 
of the following children : * Carl Adolph, 
born in 1883, a superintendent of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, edu- 
cational department, United States Army; 
J. Albert, of further mention; Gustave 
H., born 1892, died at Camp Upton, New 
York, March 15, 1918, first lieutenant, 
United States Medical Reserve Corps; 
Carl Magnus, born in 1893 ;j Freda, born 
1894, a graduate nurse, University of 
Pennsylvania Hospital, now with the 
University Hospital, American Expedi- 
tionary Forces, "Somewhere in France ;" 
Sigrid, born 1896; Albin, born 1898. 

J. Albert (2) Norstedt, second son of 
J. Albert and Kate (Lewis) Norstedt, 
was born at Mt. Carmel, Pennsylvania, 
May 13, 1885, and there completed grade 
and high school study with graduation. 
After completing his school years he 
became a clerk in his uncle's store at Mt. 
Carmel, Pennsylvania, and during the 
succeeding years made a special study of 
pharmacy, passed the examinations of the 
State board, and was awarded a diploma 
under which he became a registered phar- 
macist. Pharmacy was not his choice of 
a profession, however, and finally he 
entered the medical department of the 
University of Pennsylvania, whence he 
was graduated M. D., class of 1908. The 
years, 1908-10, were spent as interne at 
Kings County Hospital, Brooklyn, New 
York, the latter half of the year 1910 
being devoted to a five months' course 
of study in the London hospitals. Upon 
his return from England, in 1910, Dr. 



Norstedt selected Nanticoke, Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania, as a location, and 
there began a practice which has grown 
with the years until it demands his full 
time and best professional effort. He is 
a member of the Pennsylvania State 
Medical Society, and the Luzerne County 
Medical Society, is a member of Univer- 
sity Lodge, No. 610, Free and Accepted 
Masons, of Philadelphia ; and holds the 
thirty-two degrees of Scranton Con- 
sistory, Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite. 
Politically he is a Republican. 

Dr. Norstedt married, May 31, 191 1, 
Anna Evans, of Brooklyn, New York, and 
they are the parents of a son, William 
Albert, born March 3, 191 2, died June 
4, 1915, and two daughters: Dorothy, 
born May 23, 1915, and Ruth Elizabeth, 
born April 1, 1917. 



CONLON, John, 

Coal Operator. 

Since boyhood John Conlon, of Hud- 
son, Pennsylvania, has been identified 
with the coal industry of the Wyoming 
Valley, beginning a breaker boy and ris- 
ing through all grades to a superin- 
tendent's position, stepping from that into 
the ranks of coal operators. He began 
in a modest way in 1913, but each day he 
has grown in importance as a producer, 
and is fast reaching a position of inde- 
pendence. He is a worker and has won 
his own way to the success that he has 
attained, and to this characteristic must 
be added a deep love for his home and a 
devotion to his family rarely exceeded. 
He is always to be found at home in his 
hours "off duty" and there finds his 
greatest happiness. He is a son of 
Myles and Bridget (Riley) Conlon, both 
of County Roscommon, Ireland. 

Myles Conlon and his wife came from 
their native Ireland to the United States, 




J^yj^^^^- C-^^^z^i^ 



{/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



landing in New York City, but a little 
later going to Ashland, Schuylkill county, 
Pennsylvania, where Myles Conlon found 
abundant employment in the coal mines. 
In the early fifties he moved to Scranton, 
Pennsylvania, there living until after the 
Civil War period, then moving to Hud- 
son, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, which 
was his home until his death. During all 
his Scranton and Hudson residence years 
he continued a mine worker, was a good 
miner and an honest man. He died in 
1887, and is buried in Parsons Cemetery, 
Hudson, Pennsylvania. Both he and his 
wife, Bridget (Riley) Conlon, were mem- 
bers of the Roman Catholic church. They 
were the parents of ten sons and daugh- 
ters : James ; Thomas ; Winifred ; Myles ; 
Cornelius; Mary Ann; John, of further 
mention ; William ; Peter, who was for 
twenty years principal of schools at 
Plains, Pennsylvania ; Annie, married 
Edward J. Cochran, of Plains, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

John Conlon was born in Scranton, 
Pennsylvania, May 5, 1862. For a time 
he, attended school in the little log school- , 
house at Plains, but the large family 
demanded that the boys early become 
wage earners, and at an early age John 
was working as a breaker boy and add- 
ing his wages to the family fund. He 
began in the breaker at the Mill Creek 
Mine and as soon as possible obtained 
work in the mine. After becoming an 
expert miner and capable of filling higher 
position, he was promoted and finally 
became assistant superintendent of the 
Pine Ridge Mine owned and operated by 
the Delaware & Hudson Company. This 
was in 1880, and for twelve years he held 
the position of assistant, receiving his 
promotion to the post of superintendent 
in 1892. As superintendent he displayed 
good managerial capacity, and under his 
management the mine produced satisfac- 



torily to the owners. He resigned his 
position in 1913, bought a tract of one 
hundred and sixty-five acres of coal bear- 
ing land from the Fairmount Land Com- 
pany, and opening up a slope became a 
producing operator. His mine located at 
Hudson in the Pennsylvania anthracite 
region is more than meeting his demands, 
the present output being over three hun- 
dred tons daily. It is a satisfaction to 
Mr. Conlon and his friends that success 
has come as a reward for his years of 
industry, and with the past as a criterion 
greater success awaits him. That he is 
highly regarded and popular in the town 
which has long been his home is well 
attested by the fact that for twenty years 
he has been retained a member of the 
Plains township school board, and at dif- 
ferent times he has been president of the 
board and its treasurer. That he holds 
honorable position among business men 
is evidenced by his membership in the 
board of directors of the Dime Deposit 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre. In politics he is 
a Democrat, in religious faith a Roman 
Catholic, a member of Sacred Heart Par- 
ish. 

Mr. Conlon married, December 1, 1885, 
Mary Clarke, born at Bloomsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, April 8, 1865, daughter of John 
and Mary (Carey) Clarke, her father 
born in Roscommon, Ireland. John and 
Mary Clarke were the parents of : James ; 
Michael ; John ; Mary, married John Con- 
lon ; Margaret, married James Dun- 
leavy, of Wilkes-Barre; Peter; and Eu- 
gene, deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Conlon are 
the parents of eleven sons and daughters : 
I. William, born February 4, 1887; mar- 
ried Catherine Featherston, of Wilkes- 
Barre, a kindergarten teacher. 2. Mary, 
a graduate nurse. 3. Margaret, a teacher 
of Languages at Plains High School. 4. 
Gertrude, a graduate of Mansfield State 
Normal School. 5. Joseph, born August 



s; 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



6, 1896; a graduate of Mansfield State 
Normal School, now in the service of his 
country, corporal of Battery D, 311th 
Field Artillery, United States Army. 6. 
Peter, born August 22, 1899; a student 
at Plains High School. 7. Paul, twin 
with Peter, and attending the same 
school. 8. John, born May 13, 1903. 9. 
Julia. 10. Alice, n. Charles Myles, born 
November 9, 1907. 



HEALEY, Martin J., 

Coal Operator. 

The success that has been attained by 
Mr. Healey in his coal operations has 
stamped him as a man of energy, sound 
judgment, and strong character. He was 
but twenty-three years of age when he 
executed his first lease, and two years 
later he purchased his own land and has 
developed his own properties to a point 
where he is shipping eight hundred tons 
of anthracite coal daily from his three 
mines, owns his own breakers and em- 
ploys five hundred men. All his success 
has been accomplished as a young man 
not yet in his prime, and could not have 
been achieved save through his rare busi- 
ness ability, clear judgment and untiring 
energy. He is one of the successful men 
of the coal business, and in Plains, Penn- 
sylvania, his home and business head- 
quarters, he is held in high esteem as a 
man of reliability and sterling worth. 

Martin J. Healey is a son of Patrick 
and Bridget (Flannery) Healey, both 
born in County Mayo, Ireland. Patrick 
Healey was a farmer and remained in his 
native land until 1866, when he sailed 
from Queenstown, arriving in New York, 
going thence to Pittston, Pennsylvania, 
there remaining three months only. From 
Pittston he removed to Plains, Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania, where he was em- 
ployed around and in the coal mines until 



his death in 1903. His widow survived 
him until 1906. Both were members of 
Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church of 
Plains. They were the parents of sev- 
eral children, four of whom grew to man- 
hood : Michael, Catherine, Patrick, and 
Martin J. 

Martin J. Healey was born in Plains, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, Novem- 
ber 10, 1876, and there attended school 
until nine years of age, when he began 
wage earning as a "breaker boy." From 
the "breaker" he graduated to the mine, 
and for several years was engaged in 
mining in boys' positions and later as a 
skilled miner. For a short time he 
engaged in the undertaking business, but 
in the year 1900 he made his first start in 
the business in which he has since scored 
so signal a success, coal operating. He 
leased the old Hillman vein mine in 
North Wilkes-Barre, which he operated 
about one year very profitably, then sold 
his interest to the present owners, the 
Wilkes-Barre & Scranton Coal Company. 
The following year, 1902, he purchased 
from the Miner and Stacker Coal Tract, 
one hundred and thirty-two acres at 
Plains, Pennsylvania, on which he located 
two slopes, and developed to a condition 
of high productiveness the property now 
producing three hundred tons of mer- 
chantable coal daily. His success with 
that tract encouraged him to extend his 
operations, and in 1907 he added to his 
holding the Dr. Wey tract of one hundred 
and fifty acres, at Alden, Pennsylvania. At 
the mine on that tract he built a new 
breaker, and from that plant two hundred 
tons are shipped daily. In 1910 he still fur- 
ther enlarged his business by the purchase 
of a tract from the Troy Coal Company of 
Wyoming, Pennsylvania, his mine on that 
property now producing three hundred 
tons daily, the production daily from his 
three properties being eight hundred 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tons. He thoroughly understands his 
business, there being no detail which he 
has not learned from personal contact and 
experience. His standing is high in his 
community, and he ranks with the ener- 
getic, progressive men of his town. A 
Democrat in politics, Mr. Healey has 
been one of the active, influential men of 
his party in his district for several years. 
He has served his town as school director 
several terms, and is deeply interested in 
securing for the boys and girls of the dis- 
trict the very best educational advan- 
tages possible. He is a member of Sacred 
Heart Church, of Plains, the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, of Wilkes- 
Barre, and the Knights of Columbus. 

Mr. Healey married, November 26, 
1898, Julia A. Reilly, daughter of James 
and Ann Reilly, of Miners Mills, Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Healey are the 
parents of three daughters and a son : 
Anna, a student at Marywood College, 
Scranton, Pennsylvania ; Martin J. (2) ; 
Loretta; and Rita. 



SCOUTON, Frank J., 

Financier, Business Man. 

When in June, 1910, the Citizens Bank 
of Parsons, Pennsylvania, was incorpor- 
ated, Frank J. Scouton, one of the found- 
ers, was chosen as its first executive head, 
an honor he had qualified for during a 
previous active and successful business 
career in Parsons, dating from 1888. His 
election has since proved his fitness for 
financial responsibilities, and under his 
administration and presidency the bank 
has gained a strong position among 
Luzerne county's financial institutions. 
Since youth Mr. Scouton has been en- 
gaged in the lumber business as manu- 
facturer, wholesaler and retailer, and is 
one of Pennsylvania's well-known busi- 
ness men and eminent citizens. 



The Scoutons came from the State of 
Connecticut to Pennsylvania, the first 
comer being Jacob Scouton, a soldier of 
the War of 1812. He bought land in 
Forkston township, Wyoming county 
(then a part of Luzerne county), which he 
cleared and afterward cultivated, being 
among the early settlers both of the 
township and county. He married, and 
in addition to a daughter Lucy, who mar- 
ried William Thompson, he had another 
daughter, and sons : Charles, Matthias, 
William W., the latter, the grandfather 
of Frank J. Scouton. 

William W. Scouton was born in 
Forkston township, Wyoming county, 
Pennsylvania (then Luzerne county), in 
1796, and there died in 1852, a farmer 
and lumberman. He married a Miss 
Adams, they the parents of sons and 
daughters : Major, William W., of fur- 
ther mention; Calista, married George B. 
Clark, of Beaumont, Wyoming county ; 
Mary, married Henry Barber, of Lovel- 
ton, Wyoming county; Louisa, married 
John Lyman, and moved to near Syra- 
cuse, New York; Fanny, married J. B. 
Parks, of Bradford county, Pennsylvania, 
later a resident of Wyoming county. 

William W. (2) Scouton, second son of 
William W. (1) Scouton, was born in 
Forkston township, Wyoming county, 
Pennsylvania, in 1827, died in Wilmot 
township, Bradford county, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1896. He was reared at the 
homestead in Forkston township, obtained 
such education as the schools of the dis- 
trict then afforded, and remained at home, 
his father's assistant, until the latter's 
death in 1852. In 1858 he moved to 
Bradford county, purchased a two hun- 
dred acre tract in Wilmot township cov- 
ered with timber. This he cleared, man- 
ufacturing the timber into lumber, and 
bringing the land under a high state 
of cultivation in later years. He enlisted 



») 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in the One Hundred and Forty-second 
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer In- 
fantry, and served until honorably dis- 
charged at the close of the Civil War. 
He then returned to his farm in Wil- 
mot township, and there lived the re- 
maining thirty-one years of his life. He 
was one of the substantial farmers of his 
township, a deeply religious man, highly 
esteemed by his neighbors and greatly 
sought for in counsel. He married, in 
1843, Lura Robinson, daughter of Ira 
and Abbie (Taylor) Robinson, of Wyom- 
ing county. Mr. and Mrs. Scouton were 
the parents of: Ira, deceased; William 
M., deceased; John G., attorney, of Du- 
shore, Pennsylvania ; James R., attor- 
ney, of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania; 
Frank J., of further mention ; Harriet, 
married Judge Harvey Sickler, of Tunk- 
hannock, Pennsylvania ; and Anna, who 
died at the age of twenty years. 

Frank J. Scouton, son of William W. 
(2) and Lura (Robinson) Scouton, was 
born at the home farm in Wilmot town- 
ship, Bradford county, Pennsylvania, 
March 6, 1861. He was educated in the 
district public school, Towanda High 
School, and Wyoming Seminary, com- 
pleting his studies with a business course 
at the last named institution. He was 
his father's assistant at the home farm 
until attaining legal age in 1882, then was 
engaged in lumbering until 1888 in Wya- 
lusing, Bradford county, and at Dushore, 
Sullivan county, Pennsylvania. These 
were six successful years for so young a 
man and definitely decided his choice of 
a business career. In the latter part of 
1888, he located at Parsons, in Luzerne 
county, and continued in the lumber bus- 
iness under his own name. In 1890 the 
firm of Scouton, Lee & Company, con- 
sisting of Frank J. Scouton, Conrad Lee 
and George F. Lee, was formed. They 
continued a successful lumber business at 



Parsons until 1895, when Conrad Lee 
retired, Mr. Scouton and George F. Lee 
continuing the business under the same 
firm name. The same year (1895) they 
opened a retail lumber yard and a general 
store at Hanover, in the borough of Xan- 
ticoke, that business being yet conducted 
under the firm name, Lee & Scouton, a 
name well and favorably known in the 
business world. For thirty years Mr. 
Scouton has been identified with the lum- 
ber business in Parsons, and during those 
years has won high and honored stand- 
ing as a man of upright character, fair 
and just in all his dealings, public-spirited, 
progressive and very helpful in commun- 
ity affairs. In June, 1910, the Citizens 
Bank of Parsons was organized, and 
when the incorporators met to organize, 
Mr. Scouton was elected president, the 
only man as yet to hold that honor. He 
is a member of the Franklin, Press, and 
Automobile clubs of Wilkes-Barre, and 
in politics a Republican. 

Mr. Scouton married, February 14, 
1888, Kathryn S. Shadd, born April 18, 
1870, daughter of John and Elizabeth 
Shadd, of Bernice, Sullivan county, Penn- 
sylvania. Mrs. Scouton died December 
24, 1896, leaving a son, Wirt W. Scouton, 
born April 4, 1892, now in the employ of 
the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company, 
married Isabel Gilmore and has a daugh- 
ter, Helen Scouton. Another child of j 
Frank J. and Kathryn S. Scouton died in 
infancy. 



DUNHAM, Minor B., 

Man of Enterprise. 

With the passing of Minor B. Dunham, 
of Warren, Pennsylvania, a life ended 
which from boyhood, as his fathers 
assistant and later as his successor, was 
one of well directed, successful effort. 
The lives of the Dunhams, father and son, 



CJ vSs/J'^t^1'ZSsl-j£- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were intermingled with the history of 
Cherry Grove and Sheffield townships, 
Warren county, from 1833 until 1856, 
when the father retired, leaving the son 
in control. From that year Minor B. 
Dunham was connected with many im- 
portant operations in various places in 
the county, principally with lumbering, 
and from 1871 until his death made War- 
ren his headquarters. The value of these 
two lives to Warren county cannot be 
estimated ; their influence touched all 
departments of county life, and in busi- 
ness, finance, public life and church, their 
names "led all the rest." 

When Richard Dunham settled in 
Cherry Grove township, the locality was 
virgin forest and his first home was a 
house built of logs cut from the site on 
which it stood. When a little later he 
moved to Sheffield township, but two men 
had preceded him, Timothy and Erastus 
Barnes. When Minor B. Dunham made 
his first trip to Pittsburgh, he was a boy 
of twelve, and journeyed to that city on 
a raft of lumber sawed from logs cut 
from the Dunham land. When in 1870 
Richard Dunham died, he saw prosperous 
towns and fertile fields where he had 
found a wilderness, and when Minor B. 
Dunham closed his career, Warren had a 
population of nearly 40,000, and the city 
of Warren with a population of nearly 
10,000 was a city of manufacturing, banks, 
business houses, and homes of wealth and 
luxury. And in all this development the 
Dunham's had borne a prominent part, 
the father as a pioneer and founder, the 
son developing and expanding with the 
opportunity of the last half of the nine- 
teenth century. The father gloried in the 
ability and success of the son, the son 
honored the memory of the father, and 
both deserve the high place in the annals 
of Warren county which history has 
accorded them. 



Richard Dunham came to Warren 
county from Tompkins county, New 
York, but his father, Thomas Dunham, 
was from the State of New Jersey, going 
thence to the town of Ovid, Tompkins 
county, New York, in 1805. Thomas 
Dunham passed the latter years of his 
life in Steuben county, New ' York, and 
there died at the age of seventy-nine, on 
February 22, 1845, leaving seven sons and 
a daughter. 

Richard Dunham, fifth son of Thornas 
Dunham, was born in New Jersey, in 
1802, and died in Warren, Pennsylvania, 
January 30, 1870. He was three years of 
age when his parents moved to Ovid, 
New York, and in his new home he began 
his school life, finishing in Ithaca, New 
York, even at that early day a town of 
good schools. He began teaching at the 
age of eighteen, and continued a peda- 
gogue twelve years (1820-1832), although 
he soon became the owner of a farm and 
gave his summers to its cultivation. In 
1832 he traded his farm for a tract of 
land in Warren county, Pennsylvania, 
and in March, 1833, moved to his new 
home in the wilderness, the locality being 
then under sixteen inches of snow. The 
locality in which he first settled and built 
his home of logs to which he brought his 
family is now Cherry Grove township, 
the immediate site later witnessing the 
opening of the first and greatest oil well 
in the village of Garfield, which sprang 
up around it and flourished for a time. 

It was not until the July following, that 
he had his home completed and a start 
made at real settlement. He then began 
his lumbering operations by aiding in the 
construction of a dam and saw mill for a 
firm to which he was afterward admitted 
a partner. In course of time he bought 
his partners out and moved to Sheffield 
township, in which but two families were 
livinsr. He conducted extensive lumber- 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ing interests with the aid of his sons, and 
as they came to sturdy boyhood he gave 
way to them, he never being a man of 
robust health. He, however, remained at 
the head of the large lumbering business 
he had created until 1856, when ill 
health forced a reluctant retirement. 
For twenty consecutive years he was a 
justice of the peace, and from 1858 he 
was a member of the Methodist Episco- 
pal church. He was a man of strictly 
moral life, and trained his children to 
habits of industry and right living. 

Richard Dunham married, in New 
York, in July, 1826, Laura Allen, born in 
Saulsbury, New York, July 29, 1805, and 
died July 29, 1891, aged just eighty-six 
years. She was a daughter of Enos 
Allen, who settled in Yates county, New 
York, about 1817, a descendant of Col- 
onel Ethan Allen, of New Hampshire. 
Mr. and Mrs. Dunham were the parents 
of six sons and five daughters, nine of 
their children reaching years of maturity. 

Minor B. Dunham, second child of 
Richard and Laura (Allen) Dunham, was 
born in Tompkins county, New York, 
January 25, 1829, and died in Warren, 
Pennsylvania, February 4, 1902, after an 
illness of fifteen months. He was four 
years of age when his parents moved to 
Warren county, Pennsylvania, and in the 
public school of Sheffield his education 
was begun. He obtained a good educa- 
tion, his father giving him the advan- 
tages of school attendance in Havana, 
Schuyler county, and in Alfred, Alle- 
gheny county, New York, in addition to 
the personal instruction he was himself 
well-fitted to give. The school attend- 
ance continued until the young man was 
of age, but not continuously, as he was 
his father's assistant from the age of 
twelve years when he went on his first 
trip to Pittsburgh with a raft of lum- 
ber. The father fully instructed his son 



in business methods, and so fully trusted 
him with his interests that from the age 
of twelve years he was able to attend 
school only a part of each year. After 
the age of sixteen, his trips with the lum- 
ber rafts to Pittsburgh and Cincinnati 
were made with regularity, and in 1856, 
at the age of twenty-seven, his father 
retired, leaving Minor B. Dunham in 
charge. In 1858 he purchased the Dun- 
ham homestead and all the property, and 
became sole owner and manager of the 
business. In 1865 the timber lands of 
Sheffield failing to furnish a sufficient 
quantity of logs for his mills, he sold out 
his holdings there and moved his base of 
operations to Cherry Grove and Watson, 
and enlarged the scope of his activity. 

Naturally, with the change in methods 
from those of earlier days, the shifting of 
trade channels caused by the opening of 
railroads, Mr. Dunham, a thoroughly pro- 
gressive man, kept pace. He began ship- 
ping lumber from his mills to Philadel- 
phia and other eastern markets, and 
reached many lumber markets away from 
river transportation. From 1868 until 
1871 he resided in Sharpsburg, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he had established an inter- 
est in a lumber yard and a planing mill. 
In 1871 he removed to Warren, Pennsyl- 
vania, which was ever afterward his resi- 
dence, and in 1876 he erected a fine home 
on Water street. He enlarged his lum- 
bering interests continually, operated 
sawmills in Forest county, in addition to 
those in Warren county, and he also 
owned timber lands in West Virginia. 
These were his individual concerns, and 
do not include his corporate or partner- 
ship interest. From the year 1856 he was 
associated with Colonel L. F. Watson in 
the purchase of large timber tracts, had 
large mining interests, and at the time of 
his death was president of the Chainman 
Mining Company of Nevada. For about 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1 fifteen years he was a director of the 

j Warren Savings Bank, and to a certain 

f extent operated in oil. But his chief 

| interest from boyhood until death was 

;' lumbering, and there was no phase of 

[ that business from standing timber to 

the manufactured product with which he 

1 could not be classed as an expert. His 

judgment upon the value of a tract of 

' standing timber was unquestioned, and 

in the business of marketing the product 

of his mills he used unerring judgment. 

He was an ardent Republican, his sec- 
ond presidential vote being cast for Gen- 
eral John C. Fremont, the first candidate 
of that party, and he supported every Re- 
publican presidential candidate there- 
after. He would never accept office for 
himself, but was loyal in the support of 
his friends with political aspirations. He 
was a devoted member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, and while residing in 
Sharpsburg aided in the construction of 
Union Centenary Methodist Episcopal 
Church, as he had previously done in the 
erection of a new Methodist church in 
Sheffield. In Warren he was a member 
of the First Methodist Episcopal Church, 
saw the need of a new building, and most 
generously contributed of his means and 
valuable time to accomplish its erection. 
The church edifice was begun in June, 

1885, and was dedicated September 19, 

1886. He was a member of the board of 
trustees for many years, and ever active 
in all departments of the work of the 
church. He was for several years presi- 
dent of the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, and ever deeply interested in its 
work. His charities and benevolences 
extended to all worthy objects, and he 
privately aided many indivduals. His 
interest in and work for his fellowmen 
continued until the last, and his death 
was genuinely regretted in the commun- 
ity in which he was such a power for 
good. 



Mr. Dunham married, February 19, 
1852, Mary M. Person, who survives him, 
a daughter of Harrison Person of Ellery, 
Chautauqua county, New York. Mr. and 
Mrs. Dunham were the parents of two 
sons and two daughters: 1. Clara Ellen, 
born August 23, 1853, died February 6, 
1875. 2. George H., born October 27, 
1854; educated at Mount Union College 
(Ohio) ; associated with his honored 
father in business, and at the time of the 
latter's death was in charge of the street 
railroad at Titusville, Pennsylvania, that 
being the latest of Mr. Dunham's busi- 
ness ventures. 3. Francis, born April 
15, 1856, died in infancy. 4. Jessie M., 
born April 6, 1862; Married Dr. Richard 
B. Stewart, of Warren, and has two sons: 
i. Minor Benson Stewart, born June 16, 
1884, now connected with the Hamilton 
Iron Company, married Louise C. Ham- 
ilton and has a daughter, Jane Hamilton 
Stewart ; ii. Paul Bryant Stewart, born 
April 5, 1886, now a practicing physician 
of Warren, Pennsylvania, married Helen 
Alice Seigfred, and has two sons, Rich- 
ard Seigfred and John Seigfred Stewart. 



BALDWIN, William C, 

Manufacturer. 

When Jared R. Baldwin, the first of the 
family to settle in the Wyoming Valley 
of Pennsylvania, died at the age of eighty- 
four, he had compiled a record of use- 
fulness as farmer and citizen which 
included a great deal of public service. 
He was succeeded by his son, Charles B. 
Baldwin, whose life was correspondingly 
valuable, but was cut short in its prime. 
His son, William C. Baldwin, is the pres- 
ent representative of the family in Wyom- 
ing, and one of the substantial men of the 
borough. 

Baldwin is an old Scandinavian name, 
meaning "Bold Winner," or "bold cour- 
ageous friend." It is found in many 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tongues; in Latin it is Baldwins, in 
French, Baudouin, in Italian, Baldino and 
Balduino, in English, Baldwin. One of 
the first of the name to appear that 
attained prominence was Baldwin, son of 
Gan, a young French knight, killed with 
so many other noble youths at the battle 
of Rocenvalles, A. D. 778. Another is 
named Baldwin, son of Ogier, the Dane 
who was slain by Charlemange. In 837, 
"Baldwin of the Iron Arm" founded 
Bruges ; that Baldwin married Judith, 
the fair daughter of Charles of France, 
and their descendants ruled the Duke- 
dom of Flanders from 837 to 1 195. Many 
Baldwins fought in the Crusades and one 
of them was made the first King of Jeru- 
salem after Godfrey Bullon conquered the 
important cities on the seacoast of Pales- 
tine. A Baldwin was Emperor of Con- 
stantinople in 1204. A Baldwin was an 
Archbishop of Canterbury, and Matilda 
Baldwin married William, the Conqueror, 
and went to England with him. Their 
son ruled Normandy, and their son Wil- 
liam Rufus succeeded his father as King 
of England. The pages of English his- 
tory teem with Baldwin achievement, and 
in every walk of life they are found. Of 
the region from whence came the Bald- 
wins, Bryants, Fenns and Fowlers, of 
Milford, Connecticut, in 1638, it is writ- 
ten : "The woods of Hampden and to 
the north upon the brow of a lofty hill 
called Green Holly. In the side of this 
chalk hill is cut 'Whiteleaf Cross.' " It 
is about 100 feet long by seventy wide 
and made by cutting off the turf and 
leaving the bare chalk visible for many 
miles. This monument is of great age 
intended to commemorate a battle be- 
tween the Saxons and Danes. The usual 
Arms of the Baldwins were : Three Oak 
leaves slipped or six in pairs, two in chief 
and one in base bent stalks, their points 
downward. With these the usual crest 



is: Squirrel Segant a squirrel sitting 
Colored in Gold. 

The first Baldwin settlers in New Eng- 
land were all related, but not all brothers. 
The name has extended all over the 
United States, and Baldwins are honor- 
ably represented in the professions, busi- 
ness and in public life. A Henry Bald- 
win was judge of the Supreme Court of 
the United States ; several have been 
governors of States ; members of Con- 
gress ; generals in the Army ; Divines 
and authors. An Abram Baldwin sat as 
a delegate in the convention which 
framed the constitution of the United 
States ; Matthias Baldwin was an expert 
machinist, rising from lowly position to 
be the head of a great plant, building 
locomotives, and wherever there is a 
railroad there is a Baldwin locomotive. 
The coat-of-arms used by the Connecti- 
cut family of Baldwins is thus described: 
Argent: A Saltire Sable. Crest: On a 
mount Vert, a Cockatrice Agent combed 
wattled and beaded or, ducally gorged 
and lined of the last. 

John Baldwin, the founder of this 
branch, was born in England, came to 
New Haven early in life, and in 1639 was 
among the first planters of Milford, Con- 
necticut. He joined the Milford Church, 
March 19, 1648, and his mortal remains 
were laid at rest, June 21, 1681. Both his 
wives were named Mary, the second wife, 
Mary Buren, coming from Stapleton in 
Cheshire, England. She died September 
2, 1670. There is no further record of 
Mary, the first wife, save that she was the 
mother of John (2) Baldwin, through 
whom this line continues. Joseph, born 
in 1642; Samuel, 1645; Nathaniel, Eliza- 
beth, and Joseph, the last named bap- 
tized November 9, 165 1. John (1) Bald- 
win also had issue by his second wife, 
and from him sprang a long line of 



94 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



descendants eminent in Connecticut and 
in other States of the Union. 

John (2) Baldwin, eldest child of John 
(1) Baldwin and his first wife, Mary, 
was born in Milford, Connecticut, in 
1640, and baptized in the Milford church, 
March 26, 1648, his father having joined 
the church the previous Sunday. He 
married (second) Ruth Botsford, they the 
parents of Nathaniel Baldwin, born in 
1690, through whom the line is traced. 
Nathaniel Baldwin married (first) Mary 
Conger, they the parents of Elijah Bald- 
win, born in 1717. The line continues 
through Nathaniel Baldwin, son of Eli- 
jah Baldwin ; Jared R., son of Nathaniel ; 
Charles B., son of Jared R. ; William C, 
to whom this review is inscribed, son of 
Charles B. and Laura (Camfield) Bald- 
win. 

Jared R. Baldwin, born in 1798, came to 
the Wyoming Valley from Newark, New 
Jersey, settling in Jackson township, be- 
tween Trucksville and Huntsville. There 
he purchased a farm of two hundred acres 
of unimproved land, which he cleared and 
brought under cultivation and managed 
until his death at the ripe age of eighty- 
four. He was not the first of his family 
in the Wyoming Valley, another Jared 
Baldwin, son of Caleb of Milford, Con- 
necticut, having moved to Luzerne 
county after the Revolutionary War in 
which he served, and settled on a large 
tract not far from where Jared R. later 
came. His wife was Damaris Booth, and 
they reared a large family. Jared R. Bald- 
win served his township as recorder and 
justice of the peace for many years, and 
after the formation of the Republican 
party affiliated with that political organ- 
ization. He married Mary Baker, daugh- 
ter of John Baker, a soldier of the Revo- 
lution, they the parents of Jeanette L., 
Elizabeth, Philo B., Andrew J., E. Bowen, 
Charles B., of further mention ; and Ma- 
tilda W. Baldwin. 



Charles B. Baldwin, youngest son of 
Jared R. and Mary (Baker) Baldwin, 
was born in Jackson township, Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania, 1829, died May 3, 
1880. He obtained a good education in 
the schools of his section, and for five 
years after completing his own studies 
taught in the neighborhood schools. He 
settled in Nicholson, Wyoming county, 
Pennsylvania, there engaging as a con- 
tracting carpenter and builder, having 
previously learned the carpenter's trade. 
In 1869, he moved to Wyoming, Luzerne 
county, there continuing his contracting 
business and erecting many houses and 
other buildings in and around Wyoming, 
continuing active in his building opera- 
tions until his early death at the age of 
fifty-two. Mr. Baldwin was a member 
of the Masonic order, belonging to 

Wyoming Lodge ; Chapter, Royal 

Arch Masons ; and De le Veut Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar. In religious 
faith he was a Methodist Episcopal, be- 
longing to the Wyoming congregation. 

He married Laura Camfield, of Trucks- 
ville, Pennsylvania, they the parents of 
William C, of further mention ; Andrew, 
deceased ; and Wesley, deceased. 

William C. Baldwin of the eighth 
American generation of his family, eld- 
est and only living son of Charles B. and 
Laura (Camfield) Baldwin, was born at 
Trucksville, Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 
vania, May 17, 1852, and obtained his edu- 
cation in the public schools. He began 
his business life early, his first venture 
being as newsboy on a railroad train. 
From the train he graduated to a more 
stable occupation, learning the painter's 
trade, which he followed for a few years. 
He then became a traveling salesman for 
different firms, and for twenty-two years 
he followed that line of business activity. 
In 1902, he began the manufacture of cold 
water paints, and in that line his energy 
and ability has been amply rewarded, as 



95 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



his paints are sold all over the world. 
His success has been fairly earned, and 
is built upon quality of goods and integ- 
rity of character. He is one of the mem- 
bers of the original board of directors of 
the First National Bank of Wyoming. 
He is an attendant of the services of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. He is a 
man of quiet, home-loving disposition, 
taking no active part in public affairs, but 
is highly esteemed in his community. 

Mr. Baldwin married, July 23, 1873, 
Annie Jenkins, born August 12, 1854, 
daughter of George and Emma (Rinker) 
Jenkins, of Wyoming county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Middletown, New York. Mr. 
and Mrs. Baldwin are the parents of: 
Clarence, born May 28, 1874, married 
Helen Williams; Harry J., born Decem- 
ber 25, 1877, married Laura Frederick, 
their children, Joseph, William and Harry 
J. 2. Ethel, born November 23, 1893, 
married George Williams, and died De- 
cember 20, 1916, leaving a child named 
Mason Baldwin Williams. 



SUNSTEIN, Abraham J., 

Manufacturer. 

Among well-known Pittsburgh busi- 
ness men is Abraham J. Sunstein, one of 
the active factors in manufacturing cir- 
cles. He was born January 26, 1861, son 
of the late Cass and Tillie (Shapira) Sun- 
stein. 

Abraham J. Sunstein was reared and 
educated in Pittsburgh. Since early 
youth he has been engaged in the whole- 
sale liquor and distilling business, the 
firm name being C. Sunstein & Sons and 
the Thompson Distilling Company. Mr. 
Sunstein has been very active in State 
and National distillers' organizations, and 
was president of the National Wholesale 
Liquor Dealers' Association for a number 
of years. As a public-spirited citizen, Mr. 



Sunstein is always ready to give prac- 
tical aid to any movement which in his 
judgment would advance the public wel- 
fare. Although he has been and is far 
too busy a man to take any active part 
in politics, no man is more keenly alive to 
the affairs of the City and State, concern- 
ing which his advice is often sought. His 
allegiance is given to the Republican 
party, but he has steadily refused to par- 
ticipate in political controversies or to 
become a candidate for office. He is a 
member of Rodef Shalom congregation, 
and has been for many years a member 
of its board of trustees. Mr. Sunstein 
is also trustee in a number of local and 
national philanthropic associations. The 
personal qualities of Mr. Sunstein are 
such as to win for him the warm regard 
of a large circle of friends. He is a mem- 
ber of the Westmoreland Country Club, 
the Press Club of Pittsburgh, the Ameri- 
cus Club and the Concordia Club. He is 
also a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
being a member of Allequippa Lodge, No. 
375, member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce of Pittsburgh, member of the 
United States Chamber of Commerce, and 
member of the Manufacturers' Associa- 
tion of the United States. 

Mr. Sunstein married, October 27, 
1887, Nora Oppenheimer, of Pittsburgh, 
and they are the parents of the following 
children : Tillie, wife of A. C. Speyer, of 
Pittsburgh; and A. Cass, born in 1891, 
married Aimee Rauh, of Pittsburgh. 



SCHAPPERT, N. Louis, M. D., 

Physician. 

Dr. N. Louis Schappert, of No. 57 
South Washington street, Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, one of the most prominent 
specialists in diseases of the eye, ear, nose 
and throat in this part of the State, is a 
member of a family that has resided in 



96 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



this city for many years, being founded 
here by his grandparents, Anthony and 
Margaret (Reinhart) Schappert, both 
born in Reborn, Bavaria, who came to 
this country in the year 1854. Anthony 
Schappert was a prosperous merchant in 
Bavaria, and also in this country after his 
arrival here. He settled at Wilkes-Barre, 
where he lived for a time, but later re- 
moved to Hanover township. He and his 
wife were the parents of eleven children : 
Anthony, Jr. ; John ; Catherine, who 
became the wife of Anthony Reber; 
Henry; Joseph; Elizabeth, who became 
the wife of John Schaab ; Margaret, who 
became the wife of Adam Scheidel ; Jacob ; 
Peter, mentioned below ; Michael, and 
George. 

Peter Schappert, the father of the Dr. 
Schappert of this sketch, was born April 
30, 1840, in Reborn, Bavaria, Germany, 
and passed the first fourteen years of his 
life in his native land. In 1S66 he entered 
the hotel business and met with great 
success, becoming the proprietor of 
Schappert's Hotel in 1885, one of the 
most remunerative houses in the city. 
He conducted this until 1896, and then 
retired from active business life. He was 
a member of the Roman Catholic church, 
and a Democrat in politics. He married, 
October 6, 1864, Sophia Smith, daughter 
of Peter and Catherine (Thorn) Smith, 
born in Haimbach, Prussia, Germany, 
and they became the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : Amelia, who became 
the wife of Fred J. Stegmaier ; Wina, who 
resides with Mrs. Fred J. Stegmaier; P. 
George, who resides in Brooklyn, New 
York, where he is engaged in a success- 
ful mercantile enterprise ; Emma, who 
became Mrs. J. William Morris ; Louise, 
who became the wife of William Goeckel ; 
and N. Louis, with whom we are here 
particularly concerned. Peter Schappert 
p a — 10— 7 97 



died January 27, 1903, and his wife, May 
19, 1899. 

Born June 10, 1876, at Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, Dr. N. Louis Schappert 
attended the St. Nicholas School and the 
public schools of his native city. He 
then went to Brooklyn, New York, where 
he secured a position in the pharmacy of 
John Krausche. In 1892 he went to 
Hazleton, Pennsylvania, and there entered 
the office of Dr. William R. Longshore, 
and took charge of his drug department. 
He had conceived an ambition to follow 
the medical profession himself and, under 
the preceptorship of Dr. Longshore, stud- 
ied zealously his chosen subject. In the 
year 1893 he went to Philadelphia and 
there attended a course of lectures for 
three years at the Medico-Chirurgical 
College, returning during the summer 
vacation in each year to Hazleton to 
assist Dr. Longshore. In 1896-97 he took 
a post-graduate course in diseases of the 
eye, ear, nose and throat at the Polyclinic 
Hospital in Philadelphia, while at the 
same time he assisted Professor Webster 
Fox in the eye department of the Medico- 
Chirurgical Hospital. It was in the 
month of January, 1898, that he came 
to Wilkes-Barre and here established 
■himself in general practice. For three 
years he continued thus engaged, and 
then turned his attention exclusively to 
the subject in which he has since special- 
ized. In this branch of his profession 
the diseases of the eye, ear, nose and 
throat, he has built up a very large and 
successful practice. His office was located 
during the time of his general practice on 
Northampton street, but upon taking up 
his specialty he moved to No. 31 South 
Washington street. When he first came 
to the city he was appointed a member 
of the staff of Mercy Hospital. In 1907 
he removed to his present offices at No. 
57 South Washington street, and here has 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



conducted his most successful practice 
ever since. In 1912 he was appointed to 
the staff of the Wilkes-Barre City Hos- 
pital, and at the same time resigned from 
Mercy Hospital with which he had been 
connected for a number of years. Dr. 
Schappert is an active member of the 
Luzerne County Medical Society, the 
Pennslyvania State Medical Society, the 
American Medical Association, the Webs- 
ter Fox Society of Philadelphia, and the 
James M. Anders Medical Society of that 
city. He also is affiliated with Council 
No. 302, Knights of Columbus, of Wilkes- 
Barre, the" local body of the Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks, and the 
Gesang Verein Concordia. Dr. Schap- 
pert is a member of the Roman Catholic 
church and attends the Church of St. 
Nicholas in Wilkes-Barre. He is a Re- 
publican in politics. 

On April 29, 1908, Dr. Schappert was 
united in marriage with Clare L. Boos, 
daughter of Jacob and Caroline (Kind- 
ler) Boos, natives of Huntington, Indi- 
ana. Dr. and Mrs. Schappert reside at 
No. 251 South River street, and are the 
parents of the following children : Fred- 
erick, born January 9, 1912 ; Clare, born 
January 21, 1915 ; and Maurice, born 
April 8, 1917. 



HOOK, Virgil A., 

Osteopathist. 

Dr. Hook, of Wilkes-Barre, enjoys the 
distinction of having been the first of 
his profession to practice Osteopathy in 
the State of Pennsylvania, and the proud 
possessor of the first license issued in the 
State to his profession. He furthermore 
founded and conducted the first School 
of Osteopathy in the East, and from that 
institution, the Atlantic School of Oesteo- 
pathy, went out many healers to minis- 
ter to human ills without the use of 



drugs. As an exponent of the "drugless" 
treatment, he occupies a leading position 
in his profession, and continues practice 
in Wilkes-Barre, but the institution he 
founded was removed to Buffalo, New 
York, in 1904. 

Virgil A. Hook is a grandson of Mat- 
thias Hook, a native of Ohio, who with 
his family moved to Shelbyville, Ken- 
tucky, where he. engaged in farming. 
His son, James Henry Hook, was born 
September, 1824, in Ohio, and died in 
Kirksville, Missouri, in 1908. He was 
eight years of age in 1832, when his par- 
ents moved from Ohio to Shelbyville, 
and there he grew to manhood at the 
farm his father purchased. He remained 
at the Shelbyville, Kentucky, farm until 
reaching legal age, then went to the State 
of Iowa, there purchasing a farm upon 
which the city of Keokuk now partly 
stands. He built a house on the Iowa 
farm and there continued an agriculturist 
until about i860, then sold his property, 
and moved to Scotland county, Missouri, 
where he purchased a farm covered with 
natural timber. This tract he cleared, 
brought under cultivation, and thereon 
resided several years. After selling his 
farm in Scotland county, he settled on a 
Government grant of a quarter section 
under the homestead law, and there he 
built a house and resided until his clos- 
ing years. He was a very devout and 
prominent member of the Christian 
church, belonged to the Masonic order, 
and in every community in which he 
resided was esteemed by his neighbors 
as a man of energy, intelligence and integ- 
rity. 

James Henry Hook married Sarah A. 
Morris, born in 1828, died in 1907, daugh- 
ter of Richard Morris, of an old Ken- 
tucky family. Mr. and Mrs. Hook were 
the parents of sixteen children, thirteen 
of whom grew to mature years, and all 



98 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



are living but one. These are: Phoebe 
Ann, Nancy C, Matthias, Henry C, 
Susan Elva, Mary Jane, deceased ; Albert 
E., John P., Virgil A., of further men- 
tion; Emma E., Ida May, Rebecca, and 
Charles O. 

Virgil A. Hook, son of James Henry 
and Sarah A. (Morris) Hook, was born 
at Bible Grove, Scotland county, Mis- 
souri, October 13, 1861. He was quite 
young when his parents moved to the 
Government claim of one hundred and 
sixty acres in Sullivan county, Missouri, 
and in both Scotland and Sullivan county 
public schools he secured a good, prepar- 
atory education. He then entered the 
Missouri State Normal School at Kirks- 
ville, there completing the required 
courses. After graduation he spent 
twelve years in the West, returning to 
Kirksville, in 1894. He there prepared 
for the profession he has since fol- 
lowed, Osteopathy, entering the Ameri- 
can School of Osteopathy in Kirksville, 
continuing through a full course, ending 
with graduation in 1898. He practiced in 
his home locality for a few months, then 
settled in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
where he has since practiced his profes- 
sion very successfully. His first location 
was in the Simon Long building, but a 
year later he established the Atlantic 
School of Osteopathy, bought the old 
church on Ross street as a home for both 
the school and his private practice. This 
school, the first of its kind in the East, 
was conducted personally by Dr. Hook, 
and under his guidance many students 
were instructed, graduated, and sent out 
as duly certified practitioners of the 
"drugless" method of treating human 
ailments. In 1904 the school was removed 
to Buffalo, New York, Dr. Hook's con- 
nection with it then ending. His offices 
are now located in the Second National 
Bank building, and in commodious, suit- 



able rooms he ministers to a large clien- 
tele without the aid of drugs. 

Outside his professional practice, Dr. 
Hook has many interests of varied 
nature. Appointed by Governor Tener, 
and re-appointed by Governor Brum- 
baugh, he served six years as a member 
of the State Board of Examiners of Os- 
teopathy. He was secretary-treasurer of 
the board during his term of office, from 
which he resigned in 1917, the demands 
of his practice forbidding that he longer 
continue in the State service. He is a 
member of the Knights of Pythias, the 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, and 
the Modern Woodmen of America, is a 
Republican in politics, and in religious 
preference is of the Christian church. 

Dr. Hook married, October 30, 1883, 
Sophronia Bailey, of Green City, Mis- 
souri, and they are the parents of a son, 
Roy C. Hook, now residing in Trenton, 
New Jersey. 



SCHREINER, John W., 

Contractor, Pnblio Official. 

Since the year 1898, Mr. Schreiner has 
been engaged in business under his own 
name as a contractor of rock work, sink- 
ing shafts and driving tunnels, slopes and 
kindred work of many kinds. He is one 
of the successful business men of Nanti- 
coke, Pennsylvania, well known and 
highly esteemed. He is a grandson of 
John Schreiner, who came to Pennsyl- 
vania from Germany in 1853, located in 
Hazleton, Luzerne county. He left sons, 
George F. and Adam, and a daughter, 
Barbara. 

George F. Schreiner, the eldest son, 
was born in Germany in 1839, and four- 
teen years later was brought by his par- 
ents to this country. He was educated 
in the public schools of Hazleton, Penn- 
sylvania, and after completing his school 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



years learned the blacksmith's trade at 
Sybertsville, Sugar Loaf township, Lu- 
zerne county. He followed his trade half 
a dozen years, then purchased a farm in 
Butler township, upon which he lived in 
contentment and prosperity until his 
retirement in 1901. After retiring from 
active life he settled in Freeland, Penn- 
sylvania, and there now resides. He 
married Elizabeth J. Stump, they the 
parents of fifteen sons and daughters, 
eight now surviving: Elizabeth, married 
Stephen Woodring; John W., of fur- 
ther mention ; Catherine, married George 
E. Hoffsomer; George, now in business 
in Philadelphia ; August, now in busi- 
ness in Pittsburgh ; Lewis, a resident of 
Jeddo, Pennsylvania ; Irene, married Fos- 
ter Beisel ; Harry, now serving in the 
United States Army. 

John W. Schreiner, son of George F. 
and Elizabeth J. (Stump) Schreiner, was 
born at Hazelbrook, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, June 15, 1867. He was 
educated in the public schools of Butler 
Valley, and early began learning the 
blacksmith's trade, becoming a skilled 
worker in metal. He was employed by 
the Sandy Run Coal Company, as black- 
smith, and later by Davis, Binnin & 
Moser, rock contractors, continuing until 
1890, when he located in Nanticoke, and 
for eight years was in the employ of 
various concerns, four of these years 
being spent with the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna & Western Coal Company. In 
1898 he began business for himself, and 
has built up a large contracting business 
in tunnel driving and shaft sinking, the 
Lehigh & Wilkes-Barre Coal Company 
being his largest and most constant 
patron. He is the most successful, best 
known and prominent rock contractor in 
his section, and is very popular. He is 
secretary-treasurer of the Benjamin & 
Schreiner Construction Company, a direc- 



tor of the Nanticoke National Bank, direc- 
tor of the Susquehanna Lumber Com- 
pany, director of the Nanticoke Construc- 
tion Company, and is identified with all 
that pertains to the welfare of Nanti- 
coke. He is prominent in the councils of 
the Republican party, and served as coun- 
cilman of the Fifth Ward of Nanticoke 
for four years on the Republican ticket, 
and was president of the board for three 
years. He was connected with the Vol- 
unteer Fire Department of Nanticoke for 
twelve years. 

In Free Masonry, Mr. Schreiner holds 
all degrees of the York Rite, and is a past 
master of Nanticoke Lodge, No. 541, 
Free and Accepted Masons, a companion 
of Nanticoke Chapter, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons, a sir knight of Caldwell Consistory, 
of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania ; and a 
noble of Irem Temple, Ancient Arabic 
Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of 
Wilkes-Barre. In Scottish Rite Ma- 
sonry he has attained the thirty-second 
degree. Other orders to which he belongs 
are : Nanticoke Council, Junior Order 
United American Mechanics, of which he 
is past councillor; the Fraternal Order of 
Eagles ; the Order of Owls : and the Pa- 
triotic Order Sons of America. 

Mr. Schreiner married, October 4, 
1904, Elizabeth J. Rees, born December 
27, 1875, daughter of Morgan and Anna 
Rees, of Nanticoke. They are the par- 
ents of: Glenwood R., born July 29, 
1905; J. William, born August 5, 1907; 
Leona, born October 4. 1909; and Mor- 
gan, born December 5, 1912. 



KISTLER, Douglas Seidel, M. D., 

Physician, Surgeon. 

The beautiful three mile Kistlers Val- 
ley, in Lynn township, Lehigh county, 
Pennsylvania, was so named from the 
fact that its population was nearly all 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



descendants of the old German emigrant, 
George Kistler, who settled there in 1734, 
hence no name so appropriate for the 
valley as Kistlers. George Kistler was 
the progenitor of many of his name, and 
in the male line Kistlers have been num- 
erous among the profession and business 
men of Eastern Pennsylvania. Dr. Doug- 
las S. Kistler, of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 
vania, a physician and surgeon of note, 
is of the sixth generation in Pennsyl- 
vania, and for nearly a quarter of a cen- 
tury he has practiced his healing art most 
successfully. He practices according to 
the teachings of Hahnemann, and is one 
of the leading physicians of the city. 

George Kistler came from the Palatinate 
of the Rhine, Germany, in 1734, and settled 
in Lynn township, Lehigh county, Penn- 
sylvania, where he owned a farm of three 
hundred acres which he reclaimed from 
the wilderness. The valley in which he 
settled in time became so filled with the 
children and grandchildren of the founder, 
that Kistlers Valley it is until this day. 
George Kistler not only cleared his farm 
and built his farmhouse and barns, but 
also helped to win freedom for his 
adopted land by serving in the Continen- 
tal Army. He married and had a very 
large family of sons and daughters, one 
of them Samuel, the next in this line. 

Samuel Kistler was born at the Kist- 
lers Valley homestead in Lehigh county, 
Pennsylvania, there followed farming and 
operated a distillery which he built on his 
farm. He married and was the father of 
twelve children, one of them a son, John 
Kistler, who was born at the old home- 
stead in Kistlers Valley, and succeeded 
his father in the ownership of the dis- 
tillery and farm. John Kistler also mar- 
ried and had a large family, the next in 
descent being John (2), known as "Stout" 
John Kistler. 

"Stout" John Kistler was also born 



at the Kistlers Valley homestead, and 
obtained a good education in Bloomsburg 
and Catawissa schools, walking from the 
farm to school every day. He too became 
a farmer, but he brought new land into 
the family through a tract adjoining the 
homestead. He married a Miss Brobst, 
of Catawissa, also of an old Pennsylvania 
German family, her family having the 
distinction of owning the first parlor 
organ ever brought into the valley. They 
were both members of the German Luth- 
eran church, "Stout" John Kistler being 
one of the leaders in erecting and sup- 
porting the church still standing, known 
as the New Jerusalem or Red Church. 

William Brobst Kistler, son of "Stout" 
John Kistler, was born at the farm owned 
by his parents in Kistlers Valley, in 1828, 
and died in 1904. He came into posses- 
sion of the home farm and there 
farmed, raised cattle and became a famous 
"drover," driving his cattle both East and 
West, crossing the Alleghenies to Pitts- 
burgh, and was very successful in his 
dealings. He became very religious in 
his later years, joining the Evangelical 
church, and a leader in his community. 
He was a man of strong character, and 
although his ''children numbered twelve, 
each in turn was given a good education, 
money being furnished to carry them as 
far as they wanted to go, the only stipu- 
lation being that it should be paid back 
when possible. This rule was faithfully 
followed and the same money used again 
for the. education of the younger children. 
Honesty, sobriety and uprightness were 
virtues the father possessed, and these 
were transmitted to his children. William 
B. Kistler married Judith Seidel, of a 
Berks county German family, her great- 
grandparents being purchasers of a tract 
of three hundred acres now in the very 
center of Philadelphia, but the deprecia- 
tion of Continental money so afflicted 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



their fortunes that the deeds were re- 
turned and the sale broken off. Mr. and 
Mrs. Kistler were the parents of thirteen 
sons and daughters, the Kistler home the 
community educational center of their 
district. 

Dr. Douglas Seidel Kistler, son of Wil- 
liam Brobst and Judith (Seidel) Kistler, 
was born at Lynnville, Lehigh county, 
Pennsylvania, July 19, 1872. After ex- 
hausting the advantages of the village 
public school, he attended Kutztown Nor- 
mal School, and after one term taught 
school for two years in Schuylkill and 
Berks counties. He then began the study 
of medicine at Hahnemann Medical Col- 
lege, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and in 
1893, at the age of twenty-one years, he 
was graduated M. D. The same year he 
located in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
and there has since practiced his profes- 
sion very successfully. His offices for 
the first seven years were on South Main 
street, but in 1900 he moved to No. 307 
South Franklin street and there has since 
remained. He possesses the perfect con- 
fidence of a large clientele, and is held 
in high esteem by his brethren of the pro- 
fession, regardless of school. Dr. Kist- 
ler was one of the founders of the Wyom- 
ing Valley Homoepathic Hospital, and is 
now attending surgeon. He is a mem- 
ber of the Luzerne County, the Interstate 
and the Pennsylvania State Homoeo- 
pathic Medical societies; the American 
Institute of Homoeopathy; a trustee of 
Albright College, Lebanon, Pennsyl- 
vania ; a director of the Fortyfort Land 
Company of Fortyfort, Pennsylvania ; 
a member of the United Evangelical 
church, and organizer of a large Bible 
class, which in the past fifteen years has 
enrolled one thousand men as members. 
He has given of the strength of his man- 
hood to his profession and to good works. 



his record in the community being one 
of honor and usefulness. 

Dr. Kistler married (first) Sallie Kun- 
kle, born October 16, 1873, died June 19, 
1894, daughter of Benjamin and Clara 
(Hartman) Kunkle. Dr. and Mrs. Kist- 
ler were the parents of twin boys, Rob- 
ert B., born June 19, 1894, a graduate of 
Dickinson College, class of 1913, now a 
student at Hahnemann Medical College, 
Philadelphia; Walter W., born June 19, 
1894, a graduate of the same college as his 
brother, Robert B., same class, also a 
student at Hahnemann. Both these 
young men volunteered for service in the 
United States Reserve Medical Corps, 
were accepted and sent back to college on 
furlough to complete their medical stud- 
ies. Dr. Kistler married (second) Sep- 
tember 16, 1896, Estelle M. Roll, daugh- 
ter of Leonard and Esther Jane (Ebert) 
Roll. Their children are: Marion, born 
July 15, 1898, now a student at Drexel 
Institute, Philadelphia; Marjorie, born 
March 15, 1900, a student at Swarthmore 
College, near Philadelphia; Douglas S., 
Jr., died in infancy, and Paul, born March 
1 6, 1906. 



HOLLISTER, William Henry, 

Active in Community Affairs, 

The mining borough of Avoca, at the 
junction of the Lackawanna and Wyom- 
ing Valley, eight miles south of Scranton, 
and ten miles northeast of Wilkes-Barre, 
has since 1876 been the home and busi- 
ness headquarters of William H. Hollis- 
ter, Who opened a general store there, and 
for forty-two years, 1876-1918, has been 
its active head, although he has been 
engaged in many other enterprises during 
that period. He is a son of Amos G. Hol- 
lister, a prosperous farmer of Susque- 
hanna county, Pennsylvania, a Univer- 
salist in religion, and a man of strong 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



character. Amos G. Hollister married 
Lydia Tiffany, and they were the par- 
ents of three daughters and three sons : 
Eliza, married Dr. E. A. Kent; Amos P., 
a veteran of the Civil War, married Har- 
riet E. Kent; Cora S., married R. K. 
Bailey ; Sade, married Almon Wood- 
worth ; William Henry, of further men- 
tion; Orville D., a farmer of Newton 
township. 

William Henry Hollister, second son of 
Amos G. and Lydia (Tiffany) Hollis- 
ter, was born at Dimock, Susquehanna 
county, Pennsylvania, September 29, 
1850, and spent the first twelve years of 
his life upon his father's farm, beginning 
his education in the public school. At 
the age of twelve years he was taken to 
Brooklyn, Susquehanna county, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he completed his studies in 
select and high schools, began his busi- 
ness life and remained there until the age 
of twenty-three. 'He then spent three 
years in Scranton, with the firm of Wood- 
worth & Mears, and later became a part- 
ner with Mr. Woodworth in Taylor, Penn- 
sylvania, and in 1876 located in Avoca, 
where he opened a general store which 
grew with the village and is yet under 
the management of its first and only 
owner. Avoca has two great interests, 
coal mining and silk manufacturing, and 
with both, Mr. Hollister has important 
connections. His first years were devoted 
to the development of his mercantile ven- 
ture, but with that securely established 
he embraced other opportunities. In 1889 
he leased a colliery in company with C. C. 
Bowman, which was then owned by the 
Hillside Company, and named the Avoca 
Coal Company of which Mr. Hollister was 
the general manager. In 1898 he became 
general manager of the Avoca Electric 
Light and Heat Company, holding that 
position until that company was absorbed 
by the Scranton Electric Light Company 



in 1906. He is now general manager of 
the Franklin Coal Company of Simpson, 
Pennsylvania, president of the Mexican 
American -Lumber Company of Mexico, 
treasurer of the Old Forge Silk Company, 
and director of the Reliance Coal Com- 
pany of Pittston, Pennsylvania. Other 
companies with which he has been iden- 
tified in the past are : The Indicator Con- 
struction Company of Scranton, of which 
he was president; and the Lippincott 
Steam Specialty & Supply Company, of 
Newark, New Jersey. He has ever been 
rated as one of the able, public-spirited 
businessmen of his borough, and dur- 
ing his forty-two years of residence has 
been one of the vital forces in the up- 
building of the borough. 

He was one of the founders of the 
Methodist Episcopal church of Avoca, 
and for forty years has been a tower of 
strength to that congregation. He was 
chairman of the original building com- 
mittee, and when the church edifice, 
erected by the committee, had outlived 
its usefulness and needed to be rebuilt, 
Mr. Hollister was chairman of the build- 
ing committee. He is also president of 
the board of trustees. In Masonry he 
holds all degrees of the York Rite, being 
a past master of Pittston Lodge, No. 233, 
Free and Accepted Masons ; a companion 
of Pittston Chapter, No. 242, Royal Arch 
Masons ; a sir knight of Wyoming Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar; and a noble 
of Irem Temple, Ancient Arabic Order 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, of Wilkes- 
Barre. In politics he is a Republican, 
but has never sought public office. 

Mr. Hollister married, in 1875, Ella 
Beemer, and they are the parents of two 
sons : Claire B., born in 1877, and Glenn 
W.,born in 1885, both educated in Wyom- 
ing Seminary. Glenn W. Hollister mar- 
ried Mayme Graham, they the parents of 
a son, William Henry (2) Hollister. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



FULLER, Henry Amzi, 

Lawyer, Jurist. 

Judge Henry Amzi Fuller, one of the 
most prominent and honored jurists of 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, and a man 
who has won a State-wide reputation of 
the most enviable character, comes of a 
family of lawyers, many members of 
which have won distinction in the pro- 
fession and all of whom have upheld the 
best traditions of the American bench and 
bar. 

He is descended from New England 
ancestry, his great-grandfather having 
been Captain Revilo Fuller, of Kent, Con- 
necticut. Captain Fuller's son, Amzi 
Fuller, the grandfather of Judge Fuller, 
was born at the home of his father in 
Kent. October 19, 1798, and died there 
September 26, 1847. He had in the mean- 
time resided for a number of years in 
Wayne county, Pennsylvania, and it was 
in that region that his son, Henry Mills 
Fuller, was born at the town of Bethany. 
The Hon. Amzi Fuller was admitted to 
the bar of Wayne county, August 25, 
1816, and to the bar of Luzerne county, 
January 11, 1822, and was a prominent 
attorney at both of these places. His 
son, Henry Mills Fuller, was born June 3, 
1820, in Bethany, and was graduated from 
Princeton College with the highest hon- 
ors in 1838, when only eighteen years of 
age. Having pursued the usual legal 
studies, he was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, January 3, 1842. His 
political career was a brilliant one, and he 
was a staunch member of the Whig party. 
In October, 1848, he was the candidate on 
the Whig ticket to represent Luzerne 
county in the Pennsylvania Legislature 
and was elected to the office. The fol- 
lowing year he was nominated and elected 
a canal commissioner, and in October, 
1850, became a representative from the 



congressional district comprising Luzerne 
county to the United States Congress. In 
1852 he was a candidate for reelection, 
but was defeated by the Hon. Hendrick 
B. Wright. In 1854 Messrs. Fuller & 
Wright were the opposing candidates 
once more, and this time Mr. Fuller was 
elected to the Thirty-fourth Congress by 
a majority of two thousand and twenty- 
eight votes. When this Congress con- 
vened in December, 1855, Mr. Fuller was 
put forward as the candidate of the Whig 
and National Know-Nothing party for the 
office of the speaker of the House of Rep- 
resentatives. He and Nathaniel P. Banks 
(afterward Major-General of Volunteers 
in the Union Army) being the most prom- 
inent candidates for the office. Nearly 
two months elapsed before a decision was 
reached, which in the end was favorable 
to Mr. Banks. Upon his retirement from 
Congress in March, 1857, Mr. Fuller and 
his family removed to Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania, where' his death occurred 
three years later, December 26, i860. The 
Hon. Henry M. Fuller married Harriett 
Irwin Tharp, a daughter of Michael Rose 
and Jerusha (Lindsley) Tharp. Mrs. 
Fuller was born in 1822, and they were 
the parents of seven children, one of 
whom was Judge Henry Amzi Fuller. 

Born January 15, 1855, at Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, Henry Amzi Fuller 
was reared to manhood in his native city, 
and attended for his education the local 
public schools. He was prepared for col- 
lege under the tuition of Frederick Corss, 
M. D., of Kingston. He was almost as 
precocious in his studies as his father be- 
fore him, and was graduated from Prince- 
ton College with the class of 1874, when 
only nineteen years of age. He then en- 
tered the law office of the Hon. Henry W. 
Palmer, an attorney of prominence in 
Wilkes-Barre, and there pursued his 
chosen subject, which had become almost 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a tradition in the family. He was admit- 
ted to the bar of Luzerne county, January 
9, 1877, a few days before he had com- 
pleted his twenty-second year, and almost 
at once rose to a position of great promi- 
nence in his profession. While still a 
young man he became assistant district 
attorney for Luzerne county and held 
that position under four different district 
attorneys, a period which covered ten 
years. He then returned to private prac- 
tice and continued most successfully 
therein until April, 1907, when he was 
appointed by Governor Stewart, judge of 
the Luzerne County Court, to fill an un- 
expired period. Judge Fuller was elected 
to the same office upon the expiration of 
this term, and has for many years been 
most closely identified with the county 
court. His second term expired in IQ17, 
and he is at the present time a candidate 
for reelection. In addition to his profes- 
sional activities, Judge Fuller is a very 
prominent figure in well nigh every aspect 
of the community's life. This is especially 
true in connection with the church, as 
Judge Fuller is greatly interested in the 
welfare of the Episcopal church of which 
he is a member. He is a vestryman and 
rector's warden of St. Stephen's Protes- 
tant Episcopal Church at Wilkes-Barre. 
Judge Fuller is also prominent in the fi- 
nancial situation, and is a member of the 
board of directors of the Miners' Savings 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre. 

Judge Henry Amzi Fuller was united 
in marriage, November 20, 1879. with 
Ruth Hunt Parrish, and they are the 
parents of the following children : John 
Torrey, Esther, Henry Mills, Charles Par- 
rish, Ruth Conyngham, who became the 
wife of John H. Doran ; Emily Lindley 
and Joseph Murphy. 

There is, of course, no royal road to 
success. There is no road, even of which 
it may be said that it is superior to all 



others, yet we can scarcely doubt that 
there are, as it were, certain shortcuts, 
certain stretches of well travelled way 
that lead rather more directly and by 
easier stages to some specific goals than 
do others, and that it well pays those who 
would travel thither to take note of their 
existence. Let us take for example that 
so widely desired success in public life 
for which so many strive and so few, if 
any, attain, putting aside a certain undue 
influence said to be too frequently exerted 
to-day in this country, there are few ways 
of such direct approach as through the 
time-honored profession of law. There is 
certainly nothing astonishing in this fact — 
and it surely is a fact — because the train- 
ing, the associations, matters with which 
their daily work brings them in contact, 
are of a kind that peculiarly well fit the 
lawyers for the tasks of public office, 
many of which are merely a continuation 
or slight modification of their more pri- 
vate labors. To step from the bar to pub- 
lic office is to step from private to public 
life, yet it involves no such startling 
break in what a man must do, still less 
in what he must think, and although there 
are but few offices in which the transition 
is as direct as this, yet there are but few 
to which the step is not comparatively 
easy. Of course, it is not, as has already 
been remarked, a royal road, for the law 
is an exacting mistress and requires of 
her votaries not merely hard and con- 
centrated study in preparation for her 
practice, but a sort of double task as stu- 
dent and business man as the condition 
of successful practice throughout the per- 
iod in which they follow her. Neverthe- 
less what has been stated is unquestion- 
ably true as anyone who choses to ex- 
amine the lives of our public men in the 
past can easily discover in the preponder- 
ance of lawyers over men of other call- 
ings who are chosen for this kind of 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



advancement. The career of Judge Fuller, 
of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, is a case 
in point to credit the above. 



HUGHES, Richard Morris, 

Business Man. 

A native son of Pittston, Pennsylvania, 
one of the most active and prominent 
business men of the city and a lifelong 
resident, there was no man more interested 
in Pittston's welfare, nor none more ready 
to do their part in furthering movements 
promising benefit to the city than Rich- 
ard M. Hughes, whose death, November 
20, 1 9 1 1 , was sincerely mourned. Not 
only was he ready to assist in financing 
local industrial enterprises, but in addi- 
tion he put into every movement that 
interested him all of the personal effort at 
his command. He believed in doing with 
all his might what he put his hand to, and 
his chief success in life lay in the fact that 
he never spared himself. He considered 
no personal endeavor too great if thereby 
he could win success for the cause he 
espoused, whether it was along social, 
business or political lines. Although he 
had been throughout his life busy with 
business and financial enterprises, he had 
always found time for other movements 
that appealed to him. He was an ardent 
Republican, and in addition to contribut- 
ing liberally to the party campaigns, he 
was a personal worker. Every election 
campaign, local and general, found him 
"with his coat off." 

He was of Welsh and English parent- 
age, son of Hugh R. and Elizabeth 
(Hague) Hughes. Hugh R. Hughes was 
born at Holyhead, Wales, and died in 
Pittston, Pennsylvania, in 1888. He 
came to the United States at the age of 
nineteen, located in Pottsville, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he engaged as a custom 
tailor, later continuing for many years in 



the same business at Carbondale, Penn- 
sylvania, afterwards coming to Pittston, 
then in its infancy, and was engaged in 
many business enterprises, dealing in real 
estate and was for a time in the wholesale 
liquor trade and conducted an ale brew- 
ery on Dock street. 

Richard Morris Hughes was born in 
Pittston, Pennsylvania, January 29, 1857, 
and there died November 20, 191 1. He 
was educated at Wyoming Institute and 
Bloomsburg State Normal School, begin- 
ning his business life as his father's assist- 
ant in the management of the Hughes 
Ale Brewery. On March 1, 1887, he 
formed a partnership with Joseph H. 
Glennon, and purchased the Forest Cas- 
tle Brewery in Exeter borough, which 
they conducted very successfully for a 
number of years under the firm name, 
Hughes & Glennon. The firm in 1897 dis- 
posed of its business and real estate to the 
Pennsylvania Central Brewing Company 
of Scranton, which had been organized 
for the purpose of taking over under one 
head a large number of the breweries in 
Northeastern Pennsylvania. Mr. Hughes 
was the first president of the Pennsylva- 
nia Central Company, and later became 
the vice-president. Until his death he was 
a member of the board of directors of the 
company, and was also associated with 
other industrial enterprises in Northeast- 
ern Pennsylvania. From 1896 he was a 
member of the board of trustees of the 
Miners' Savings Bank of Pittston, and was 
a director of the Clear Spring Coal Com- 
pany, the Raub Coal Company, Luzerne 
County Cut Glass Company, and at the 
time of his death he was secretary of the 
Mountain Spring Ice Company. 

Although he had been very active in 
the councils of the Republican party, Mr. 
Hughes never sought any salaried politi- 
cal offices. He was elected a member of 



106 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the West Pittston School Board in 1898, 
and served very efficiently and intelli- 
gently for six years. For a number of 
years past and up to the time of his death 
he was president of the West Pittston 
Board of Health. Mr. Hughes was espe- 
cially prominent in Masonry. He was 
a member of St. John's Lodge. Free 
and Accepted Masons ; Pittston Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons ; Wyoming Valley 
Commandery, Knights Templar; Irem 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine; the Scranton Con- 
sistory and Royal Arcanum. 

Mr. Hughes married, April 16, 1879, 
Hannah C. Crouse, who survives him, 
daughter of Andrew J. and Ellen (Barry) 
Crouse, of Wyoming, Pennsylvania. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hughes are the parents of three 
children: 1. Gertrude, married Robert 
W. Langford ; their children : Robert 
H. and Gertrude Langford. 2. Guy R., 
born May 3, 1887 ; educated in Pittston 
public schools, Wyoming Seminary and 
the University of Michigan ; president of 
the Mountain Spring Ice Company, of 
Pittston ; married Lois Cutler. 3. Max- 
ville C, born July 24, 1889; prepared for 
college at Lawrenceville school, gradu- 
ated from Yale University, class of 191 1 ; 
married Louise Barring, and has a son. 
Richard Morris (2) Hughes. 

The following resolutions were adopted 
by the organizations, business and fra- 
ternal, with which Mr. Hughes was con- 
nected. The Miners' Savings Bank; St. 
John's Lodge, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons ; Wyoming Valley Commandery, 
Knights Templar; and Pennsylvania Cen- 
tral Brewing Company. The Miners' 
Savings Bank resolution: 

Once more the board is called upon to note 
the passing away of one of its number. If told 
at our last meeting that one of those that joined 
in discussing the business of the movement would 
meet with us no more who could have selected 



one of our younger members, one in manhood's 
prime, full of vigor and life that seemed safely 
to promise decades of useful work and serv- 
ice? When on Monday morning tidings came 
to us that Richard M. Hughes had passed away 
during the night just gone, it brought a sense of 
surprise and shock coupled with unfeigned regret 
that we feel to-day as we note his absence from 
among us. '"Our local journals have told the 
story of Mr. Hughes' useful life with its varied 
duties and wide business connection. It was this 
business prominence and acquaintance with men 
that led to his selection to assist in the councils 
of this bank, he became a trustee at the election 
of January, 1896, and has since been a faithful 
attendant, not only at the weekly meetings of 
the board, but had held himself ready for special 
duties when such arose, and his knowledge of 
property values and of the business capacity of 
men has often proved invaluable. He has in 
every way proved himself a faithful friend of 
the bank, yet, at the same time, one who regarded 
the safety of depositors as the first principle of 
correct bankng. /Personally, as men, we know 
of the sorrow that must be felt in the charming 
home that his business success enabled him to 
provide for those dearest to him. We extend to 
his family our heartfelt sympathies, Board of 
Trustees and Officers, Miners' Savings Bank of 
Pittston, Pennsylvania, A. A. Bryden, president; 
J. C. Reap, vice-president; W. L. Foster, cash- 
ier; November twenty-second, nineteen hundred 
and eleven. 

To the worshipful master, officers and 
members of St. John's Lodge, No. 233, 
Free and Accepted Masons, Pittston, 
Pennsylvania : 

Brethren : Your committee appointed to give 
expression to the feelings of the members of this 
lodge in regard to the death of our late brother, 
Richard M. Hughes, who died at his home in 
West Pittston, November 20, 1911, submit the 
following: 

With recommendation that it be spread upon 
the minutes of the lodge, and that an engrossed 
copy of the same be presented to the widow, 
daughter and sons of the deceased. f 

IN MEMORIAM. 

Whereas, The Great Architect of the Universe 

has again visited our lodge and summoned our 

worthy brother, Richard M. Hughes, from labor 

to repose; therefore, be it 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Resolved, That we bow in humble submission 
to this sudden and mysterious dispensation of an 
all wise Providence. 'That through the demise of 
our late brother, the fraternity has lost a faith- 
ful member, a wise counsellor, a courteous gen- 
tleman, a sympathetic friend, and an affectionate 
brother. That we revere the memory of our 
late brother and emulate our sympathy to the 
bereaved family and commend them for consola- 
tion to Him who is the friend of the widow and 
fatherless. May the sudden and untimely de- 
parture of our late brother and friend cause us to 
take to heart the lesson that we be prepared for 
our summons to enter that unexplored country 
from whose bourne no traveler ever returns. 
Louis P. Bierly, 
James Ryan, 
Adam A. Bryden, 
Committee. 
December twenty-seven, nineteen hundred and 
eleven. 

Resolutions adopted by Wyoming Val- 
ley Commandery, No. 57, Knights Temp- 
lar: 

Again we are admonished that our sojourn 
here is but of short duration, and that sooner 
or later the Messenger of Death will receive the 
mandate to strike us from the roll of the living 
and we will be called to lay down our armour 
and learn the realities of the unseen beyond the 
vail. The lessons of Masonry made a deep im- 
pression on the mind of our frater, and the 
Order of Knighthood, with its impressive lessons, 
had a lasting influence on his life, being naturally 
of a friendly disposition, his every day conduct 
served to exemplify its teachings among his fel- 
lowmen. 

In the death of Sir Richard M. Hughes the 
order has lost a member that was a credit to the 
community and an honor to the Fraternity^ As 
members of the order we extend to his bereaved 
family our fraternal sympathy in the loss they 
have sustained, and can only commend them to 
Him in whom our brother put his trust, relying 
upon the mercy of a crucified and risen Saviour. 
James Ryan, 
James C. Kipp, 
William A. Hay, 
Committee. 

Resolutions adopted by Pennsylvania 
Central Brewing Company. 

The announcement was made of the 



death of Richard M. Hughes, and on 
motion it was resolved that the secretary 
prepare a resolution of condolence on the 
death of Richard M. Hughes, the first 
president of this company, and later a 
vice-president, and at the time of his 
death a director of this company, and 
that the same be entered in the minutes 
of this meeting and an engrossed copy be 
sent to the family of the deceased : 

Whereas, As we have heard of the death of 
our esteemed associate, Richard M. Hughes, the 
first president of the company, and later a vice- 
president, and at the time of his death a direc- 
tor of this company, whose death occurred at 
Pittston, November 20, ion ; and, 

Whereas, The relations existing between the 
deceased and the members of our Board of Di- 
rectors and the officers of this company, render 
it proper that we should give expression of the 
sorrow which we feel in our parting from him ; 
therefore, be if 

Resolved,. That in the death of Richard M. 
Hughes the Pennsylvania Central Brewing Com- 
pany has lost an esteemed and valued friend and 
that we tender our most heartfelt sympathy to 
his bereaved widow and family, and that in token 
of our respect this resolution shall be spread at 
large upon our minutes and an engrossed copy^- 
thereof presented to his family. 

Chas. Robinson, President, 
W. G. Harding, Secretary, 
Directors. 

Scranton, Pennsylvania, Friday, December 8, 
1911. 



STEWART, Walter Scott, M. D., 

Physician. 

Walter Scott Stewart, M. D., one of the 
most successful and best known physi- 
cians of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
comes of that strong and capable stock 
which has produced not a few of our most 
prominent men and which is the basis of 
a type of citizenship second to none 
to be found in this country. His 
paternal grandfather was Robert Stew- 
art, a native of Scotland, and his 
grandmother, before marriage, was Mar- 



108 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



garet Miller, a native of Londonderry, 
Ireland, so that his ancestry is of the 
well-known Scotch-Irish type which has 
proved itself so efficient in the practical 
affairs of life, both at home and abroad in 
the New World. 

This Robert Stewart and his wife, the 
grandfather of the Dr. Stewart of this 
sketch, came to the United States in the 
early years of the nineteenth century and 
settled in Huntingdon county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Here their son, Dr. Miller Stew- 
art, was born, in the year 1811, and here 
he passed his childhood and early youth. 
After completing the preliminary portion 
of his education, he attended Jefferson 
Medical College, from which he graduated 
with the class of 1845 ar *d at once began 
the practice in his native Huntingdon 
county. Later on, however, he went to 
Fairmount, West Virginia, where he set- 
tled and continued in practice for a num- 
ber of years. Eventually, however, he 
came to Snowshoe, Center county, Penn- 
sylvania, and there continued in practice 
until the time of his death in the year 
1899. His practice, however, soon became 
merely nominal, as he turned his atten- 
tion to the wholesale and retail manu- 
facture of lumber and with a younger 
brother formed a partnership to carry on 
this business. The two men built the 
first steam saw mill in that section of the 
State, and it was they who opened up 
much of the virgin timber land there- 
abouts. Dr. Miller Stewart married Patsy 
Elliott Shaw, a daughter of William and 
Patsy Shaw, lifelong residents of Mary- 
land, where Mrs. Stewart was born. Of 
this union seven children, two of whom 
were daughters and five sons, were born. 

Dr. Walter Scott Stewart was born No- 
vember 16, 1856, at Snowshoe, Center 
county, Pennsylvania, and was sent to 
gain the rudimentary portion of his edu- 
cation to the local public schools. He 



afterwards attended the Millersville State 
Normal School at Millersville, Pennsyl- 
vania, and after graduating from this in- 
stitution, turned his attention for some 
time to the subject of education, and act- 
ually followed that profession in the pub- 
lic schools of his native region. He had 
in the meantime, however, gradually 
turned his attention more and more to 
the science of medicine and eventually 
decided to make this his profession in 
life. Accordingly he entered the medical 
school of the University of Pennsylvania, 
and after establishing an excellent record 
for good scholarship was graduated there- 
from with the class of 1883. Immediately 
thereafter he came to Wilkes-Barre, and 
there engaged actively in the general 
practice of his profession. In 1886, how- 
ever, he interrupted his career temporar- 
ily in order to take a post-graduate course 
at Johns Hopkins University at Balti- 
more, Maryland. With the exception of 
this comparatively brief interruption, how- 
ever, Dr. Stewart has continued actively 
engaged in the practice of medicine and 
surgery during the thirty-four years that 
have elapsed since his coming to Wilkes- 
Barre, and is now recognized as one of 
the leaders of his profession in that part 
of Pennsylvania. In 1898, at the time of 
the outbreak of the Spanish-American 
War, Dr. Stewart volunteered his services 
to his country and was commissioned sur- 
geon of the Ninth Regiment of Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteer Infantry with the rank of 
major. In this capacity he began his mil- 
itary service, but was shortly afterwards 
detailed to the Third Division, First Army 
Corps Hospital at Chickamauga, and was 
eventually transferred to the military hos- 
pital at Lexington, Kentucky. He was 
mustered out of active service, October 
29, 1898, but still retains his commission 
in the National Guard. Dr. Stewart has 
been very prominent in the medical life 



109 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Wilkes-Barre, and is at the present 
time surgeon to the Wilkes-Barre City 
Hospital. He has also taken no small 
part in advancing the general interests of 
the profession, and is an active member 
of the Luzerne County, Lehigh Valley 
and Pennsylvania State Medical societies, 
and of the American Medical Association 
and the Association of Military Surgeons. 
He is also a fellow of the American Col- 
lege of Surgeons. He has held a number 
of offices in those various organizations, 
including that of president of the Lu- 
zerne County Medical Society. Dr. Stew- 
art is also prominent in club circles, and 
is a member and the president of the 
Westmoreland Club, of the Wyoming 
Valley Country Club of Wilkes-Barre, 
and a member of the Army and Navy 
Club of New York City. 

There is something intrinsically admir- 
able in the profession of medicine that 
illumines by reflected light all those who 
practice it. Something, that is, concerned 
with its prime object, the alleviation of 
human suffering, something about the 
self-sacrifice that it must necessarily in- 
volve that makes us regard, and rightly 
so, all those who choose to follow its dif- 
ficult course and devote themselves to 
its great aims, with a certain amount of 
respect and reverence. It is true that 
to-day there has been a certain lowering 
on the average of the standards and tradi- 
tions of the profession, and that there are 
many within its ranks at the present time 
who have proposed to themselves selfish 
or unworthy objects instead of those iden- 
tified with the profession itself, whose 
eyes are centered on the rewards rather 
than the services, yet there are others 
also who have preserved the purest and 
best ideals of the calling and whose self- 
sacrifice is as disinterested as that of any 
who have preceded them. To such men 
we turn to seek the hope of the great pro- 



fession in the future, to the men who, 
forgetful of personal considerations, lose 
themselves, either in the interest of the 
great questions with which they have 
concerned themselves or in the joy of 
rendering a deep service to their fellow- 
men. A man of this type is Dr. 
Stewart, of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
whose work in that city in the interests 
of its health has done the public an in- 
valuable service. 



DEVLIN, Thomas, 

Manufacturer. 

Thomas Devlin was born in Ireland, 
March 30, 1838, son of William and Mary 
(Sherry) Devlin, who emigrated to the 
United States in April, 1854, settling in 
Philadelphia, making it their permanent 
home. His education in Ireland was lim- 
ited to the opportunities afforded by the 
common schools of that country, but 
with the natural love of education found 
in so many of Erin's sons, he was not 
content with that meagre knowledge, but 
after working hard all day availed him- 
self of the advantages of a business col- 
lege at night, studing far into "the wee 
sma' hours." 

At the age of sixteen he began his 
business career in the employ of what is 
now known as the Philadelphia Hard- 
ware and Malleable Iron Works, of which 
he is to-day president. At that time it 
was known as Thomas R. Wood & Com- 
pany. Mr. Devlin's initial start brought 
him the large salary of one dollar and a 
half per week. In January, 1855, the 
works were purchased by E. Hall Ogden, 
and in 1866 he admitted three of his 
employees, one being Thomas Devlin, as 
members of the firm, sharing in percent- 
age of the profits in lieu of a salary. This 
must have proved a satisfactory arrange- 
ment to the three employees, as in 1871 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



they bought out the business and it be- 
came known as Carr, Crawley & Dev- 
lin Company. 

In 1880 Mr. Devlin withdrew from that 
company and in partnership with Louis 
J. McGrath founded the business at 
Third and Lehigh avenues, Philadelphia, 
under the title of Thomas Devlin & Com- 
pany. The business prospered by leaps 
and bounds, and almost every available 
inch of space has since been acquired to 
meet the demands of the rapidly growing 
business. In 1902 the firm was incor- 
porated under the laws of New Jersey 
under the title of the Thomas Devlin 
Manufacturing Company, with offices 
and works at Third and Lehigh avenues, 
Philadelphia, and the more extensive 
works in Burlington, 'New Jersey, to 
which additions continue to be made for 
the manufacture of steam-fitters' and 
plumbers' supplies as well as the many 
side lines manufactured by the company. 
Mr. Devlin was elected as president, and 
has continued as its directing and execu- 
tive head from the beginning. His rise 
has been steady and is due to his deter- 
mination to acquire a thorough knowl- 
edge of every detail of the business from 
the very beginning, and he is now con- 
sidered an authority on all questions con- 
nected with the manufacture of malle- 
able iron products. The Philadelphia 
office and factory is of modern construc- 
tion and, with the up-to-date works in 
Burlington, New Jersey, employ about a 
thousand men, with a capital stock of one 
million dollars. System is the hall mark 
of every department, and the loss of 
time, labor and material is at a minimum. 

In 1892, Thomas Devlin & Company 
purchased the Ogden business, later the 
Carr & Crawley works, from which Mr. 
Devlin had withdrawn in 1880, and which 
is now principally owned by Thomas 
Devlin, and Louis J. McGrath, a dis- 



tinct and separate chartered company, 
known as the Philadelphia Hardware 
and Malleable Iron Works, with Thomas 
Devlin as its president. The history of 
the Philadelphia Hardware and Malle- 
able Iron Works, which began business 
at its present location in 1852, constitutes 
an interesting chapter in the commercial 
life and development of Philadelphia. 

Throughout Mr. Devlin's business 
career, capable management, unfalter- 
ing enterprise and a spirit of justice have 
been well-balanced factors. To his asso- 
ciates he has shown a genial, kindly, 
humorous side of his character which 
have made their business relations most 
enjoyable, and never has he fallen into 
the serious error of regarding his em- 
ployees merely as parts of a great ma- 
chine, but, on the contrary, has recog- 
nized their individuality, making it a 
rule that faithful and efficient service 
shall be promptly rewarded with promo- 
tion as opportunity offers. Shortly after 
purchasing the old plant, the company 
originated a system by which employees 
were given the earnings of a thousand 
dollars worth of stock for a term of five 
years on the condition that the employees 
give to the company continued and faith- 
ful service during that period and that 
the employees contribute the sum of two 
dollars per week to be retained by the 
company toward the purchase of the one 
thousand dollars worth of stock of which 
they received the earning capacity as 
stated above. This plan was of Thomas 
Devlin's original conception, and it has 
resulted in the employees putting forth 
their best efforts stimulated by the desire 
to own a thousand dollars worth of stock, 
and in many instances they have not been 
content with that amount, but spurred 
on by enjoying the dividend before they 
had completed the purchase, they have 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



added to the first thousand dollars worth 
given by the firm. 

The thorough business qualifications 
of Mr. Devlin have always been in good 
demand on boards of directors of differ- 
ent organizations, and his public spirit 
has led him to accept many such trusts. 
He is president of Thomas Devlin Manu- 
facturing Company, Philadelphia Hard- 
ware & Malleable Iron Works, National 
Specialty Alanufacturing Company, and 
of Philadelphia Foundrymen's Associa- 
tion ; director of the Continental-Equit- 
able Title & Trust Company, Peoples' 
National Fire Insurance Company, Phil- 
adelphia Chamber of Commerce, Bank of 
Commerce, and of Manufacturers' Club ; 
member of National Association of 
Foundrymen, The American Foundry- 
men's Association, Hardware Merchants' 
& Manufacturers' Association, The Phil- 
adelphia Schutzen-Verein, The Lang- 
horne Board of Trade, American Society 
for Extension of University Teaching, 
American Academy of Political and So- 
cial Science, University of Archeology, 
National Civic Federation, Catholic His- 
torical Society, American Irish Histori- 
cal Society, Mercantile Beneficial Asso- 
ciation, Civil Service Reform Associa- 
tion, United Irish League, Friendly Sons 
of St. Patrick, Atlantic Inland Water- 
ways Association, City Parks Association 
of Philadelphia, National Geographical 
Society, National Rivers & Harbors Con- 
gress, National Board of Trade, Auto- 
mobile Club of Philadelphia, Royal So- 
ciety of Arts, London, and of Chamber 
of Commerce of the United States ; and 
manager of the Beneficial Savings Fund 
Society. He was formerly a member of 
the Philadelphia Zoological Association, 
the Pennsylvania Society in New York, 
the Langhorne Golf Club, the American 
Iron and Steel Institute, the Historical 



Society of Pennsylvania, and the Frank- 
lin Institute. 

While Thomas Devlin has always 
given his business th| most minute and 
untiring personal attention, he has found 
time to devote thought and support to the 
commercial and civic interests of Phila- 
delphia, proving him a forceful element 
in his civic relations and a staunch friend. 
He is an ardent advocate and champion 
of education and worthy charities. Dur- 
ing the fleeting years he has found time 
to make five trips through Europe, as 
his children completed their education, 
and three trips through the United 
States. Politically he is a Republican. 

On January 2, 1866, in Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, Mr. Devlin married Helen 
Amelia Sanford, daughter of Abel B. 
and Caroline A. (Tobey) Sanford, na- 
tives of New Bedford, Massachusetts. 
By this marriage Mr. Devlin gained the 
companionship of a charming and con- 
genial woman, and one well fitted in all 
ways to be his helpmate and adviser. On 
November 16, 191 1, Mr. Devlin suffered 
the irreparable loss of his wife. Mr. and 
Mrs. Devlin were the parents of the fol- 
lowing children : William John, Dr. 
Thomas F., Walter E., Frederick M., 
Harry, Dr. Albert J., Mrs. Caroline M. 
Begley, Dr. Raymond A., lieutenant at 
Camp Mead; and Clarence J. The home 
life of Mr. Devlin has been one of rare 
felicity and beauty. His wife was a 
woman whose strong mental endow- 
ments, loveliness of personality and 
sweetness of disposition fitted her to be 
at once his intellectual comrade and the 
presiding genius of his fireside. 

In 1901 Mr. Devlin purchased a farm 
of about three hundred and forty acres, 
located in Middletown township, Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania, which he named 
"Cedarlin Farms," and here he spends 
much of his time. He has stocked the 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



estate with blooded cattle and has made 
of it one of the show places of the State. 
Apropos of Mr. Devlin and his farm, the 
Philadelphia "Inquirer" had this to say 
of him, in its issue of April g, 1918: 

When the "Inquirer's" birthday bulletin editor 
last week printed the picture of Thomas Devlin 
and felicitated him upon his natal day anniver- 
sary, as is his rule, he made no mention as to the 
number of years during which Mr. Devlin has 
spread the sunshine of his presence among his 
friends. "Farmer" Devlin, as he is affectionately 
called by those who have the good fortune to 
know him in his activities on his model farm in 
Bucks county, near Langhorne, has just cele- 
brated his eightieth birthday. * * * "Farmer" 
Devlin, in his side issue in the agricultural way, 
says he has quite as much difficulty with the labor 
problem during war times as he has with his 
big industrial plants in Philadelphia and Burling- 
ton, New Jersey. He is filled up with orders in 
his foundry and hardware shops and is one of the 
busiest men of his years in the State. Jovial 
"Farmer" Devlin, "Manufacturer" Devlin, "Good 
Fellow" Devlin in disposition is never happier 
than when addressing a coterie of friends upon a 
public-spirited or patriotic theme, and as a post- 
prandial orator he has a field peculiarly his own. 



DODSON, Victor Lee, 

Educator. 

The Dodson family has been actively 
and honorably identified with the history 
of Eastern Pennsylvania since Colonial 
times. The progenitor of the Luzerne 
county branch of the family was Thomas 
Dodson, who about 1723. with his wife 
Mary (nee Prigg) and two young sons, 
removed from Philadelphia to Chester 
county, Pennsylvania. There, during the 
ensuing twenty years, ten other children 
were born to Thomas and Mary (Prigg) 
Dodson, the names of four of their twelve 
children being: John, born April 10, 
1720; Richard, born June 26, 1731 ; 
Thomas, born 1732; and James, born 
1734- 

John Dodson, above mentioned, re- 



moved with his wife and two sons, 
Thomas and James, from Chester county 
to Northampton county, Pennsylvania, 
about the year 1765. Twelve years later 
the family, or at least the male members 
of it, had settled on the Susquehanna 
river within the bounds of what was then 
the township of Salem, Plymouth dis- 
trict, in the county of Westmoreland of 
the State of Connecticut. This county of 
Westmoreland comprehended what was 
more commonly known as the Wyoming 
region of Pennsylvania, the right and 
title to which the New England settlers 
on the one hand, and the Pennsylvania 
land-claimers on the other, bitterly con- 
tested for a number of years. 

The names of John, Thomas, Richard 
and James Dodson appear in the tax lists 
of Plymouth district for the years 1777 
and 1778. 

Following the battle and massacre 
of Wyoming, July 3, 1778, the whole 
Wyoming region was deserted by the 
survivors of that fateful day, the Dod- 
sons, in common with the other inhabi- 
tants of Salem, fleeing across the river 
and mountains to their old homes near 
the Delaware river, Northampton county. 
After peaceful times had come again to 
the Wyoming region, and there seemed to 
be no further danger of Indian incursions, 
John Dodson, his son Thomas, and other 
members of their respective families, 
returned to Wyoming and set about re- 
establishing themselves on the lands 
which they had formerly occupied. The 
names of John, Thomas and James Dod- 
son appear in the list of Salem township 
taxables for 1796. 

About 1797 or 1798, John and Thomas 
Dodson removed with their families to 
the adjoining township of Huntington, 
Luzerne county, and there John Dodson 
died March 10, 1818, aged ninety-seven 
years and eleven months. His remains 
>3 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



were buried in the "Goss" graveyard, at 
Harveyville, Huntington township. 

Thomas Dodson seems to have been a 
farmer, a millwright and a miller. In 
1798, in conjunction with Nathan Beach, 
of Salem, he built the second grist-mill 
(known as Rogers') in Huntington town- 
ship, on Marsh creek. The wife of 
Thomas Dodson, to whom he was mar- 
ried in 1778, was Mehetable, or Mabel, 
Bixby, born in 1760, died in 1804, and 
both he and she were ardent Methodists. 
"Their hospitable home was, during his 
life, the place for general worship, the 
home of the itinerant ministers of the 
Methodist Episcopal church, and the 
place where all Christian people were 
warmly welcomed." 

Thomas Dodson died April 29, 1818, 
seven weeks subsequently to the death of 
his father, and was survived by five sons 
and five daughters. The second of these 
children was Elias Dodson (1781-1859), 
who became an extensive landowner in 
Huntington township, and operated saw 
and grist mills. In his later years he 
became a Baptist preacher, and largely 
through his efforts the first Baptist meet- 
ing-house in his township was built. His 
wife was Mary Long, and their third 
child was Nathan Long Dodson (1808- 
1882). 

The latter spent his life of seventy-four 
years in Huntington township, and dur- 
ing the greater part of that period was 
engaged in farming. He married, June 
2, 1831, Susan Stevens (1811-1882), and 
they became the parents of four sons and 
five daughters. 

The youngest of these children was 
William Egbert Dodson, born in Hunt- 
ington township, August 21, 1853. He 
remained at the home of his parents until 
some time after his marriage, working on 
his fathers' farm in the summer time and, 
while a youth, attending school in the 



winter months. About 1889 he removed 
to Wilkes-Barre, where, during the ensu- 
ing fifteen years, he was engaged in busi- 
ness as a dyer and cleaner. He then re- 
turned to his ancestral acres in Hunting- 
ton township, where he has since resided, 
engaged in farming. 

William E. Dodson married, December 
31, 1877, Alice Chapin, and they became 
the parents of four children : Victor Lee, 
of whom further; Bessie Elizabeth, Clar- 
ence Furman, and Blanche Margaret, who 
is married to William Aston, of Wilkes- 
Barre. 

Victor Lee Dodson was born at the 
Dodson homestead in Huntington town- 
ship, June 12, 1879. As a boy he attended 
the public school near his home, and 
after the removal of his parents to 
Wilkes-Barre attended the public schools 
of that city. However, he did not com- 
plete the prescribed course of study lead- 
ing to graduation, but instead, like many 
of his boy companions, anxious to en- 
gage in remunerative employment, he 
left school at the age of eighteen years 
and obtained a clerical position. 

At this work he continued, with a fair 
degree of success, until he began to real- 
ize that he needed more of an education 
than he possessed. Thereupon he became 
a student at the Wilkes-Barre Business 
College, and by faithful and intelligent 
application to his studies was able to be 
graduated in 1907. 

He immediately received an appoint- 
ment as stenographer in the offices of the 
Lehigh Valley Railroad Company, which 
some months later he resigned in order 
to accept a similar position with the Vul- 
can Iron Works of Wilkes-Barre. In the 
autumn of 1908 he left the employ of this 
company to become an instructor, in 
charge of a department, in the Wilkes- 
Barre Business College. At the end of 
a year's work in this position, in Decern- 




J£84U<L4J 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ber, 1909, he purchased the concern, and 
since then has been its sole owner and 
manager. 

The Wilkes-Barre Business College 
had existed for a number of years before 
Mr. Dodson became connected with it, 
but its real history properly dates from 
1909, when the Dodson regime went into 
effect. At that time only two teachers 
were employed, while the students in all 
classes, day and night, numbered less 
than one hundred. Now, the year 1918, 
shows an enrollment of four hundred and 
fifty students, with a faculty of seven 
teachers. The courses of study in the 
institution are modern, and have been 
arranged with the best interest of the 
students in view ; while the recitation, 
lecture, and study-rooms have been 
greatly enlarged since 1909, and are sup- 
plied with up-to-date aids to study under 
healthful conditions. Unquestionably the 
Wilkes-Barre Business College will com- 
pare favorably with the best of similar 
institutions anywhere. The great suc- 
cess which has attended the progress of 
this institution since 1909 is due abso- 
lutely to the hard, painstaking and never- 
ending efforts of Mr. Dodson, whose opti- 
mistic views and sincere enthusiasm have 
imbued all his projects and labors for the 
welfare of his institution, and have in- 
spired his co-workers to put forth their 
best efforts. 

Mr. Dodson is very well known in 
Wilken-Barre, where he has spent nearly 
all his life, and he is held in high regard 
by his friends and acquaintances because 
of his sincerity, his earnestness and his 
fidelity to high ideals. He is a member 
of Lodge No. 61, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons; Shekinah Chapter, No. 182, Royal 
Arch Masons; Dieu LeVeut Command- 
ery, No. 45, Knights Templar, and Irem 
Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of 
the Mystic Shrine. He takes a deep 



interest in the Rotary Club movement, 
being a charter member and secretary of 
the Wilkes-Barre branch, and during the 
present World War he is actively and 
effectively engaged in Red Cross and Se- 
curity League matters. 

Mr. Dodson married, June 8, 1904, 
Martha Watt, younger daughter of Ed- 
ward S. and Mary Ellen (Welles) Mor- 
gan of Wilkes-Barre. Mrs. Dodson's 
father was for many years prior to his 
death a member of the firm of Charles 
Morgans' Sons, engaged in the hardware 
business in Wilkes-Barre, and both 
her paternal and maternal grandfathers, 
Charles Morgan and William S. Welles, 
were highly respected citizens and suc- 
cessful business men in Wilkes-Barre in 
their day and generation. 



KRESS, Frederick Joseph, 
Business Man. 

It would be hard to find, within the 
limits of Greater Pittsburgh, a more 
typical representative of the present gen- 
eration of the city's business men than 
Frederick Joseph Kress, president and 
director of the F. J. Kress Box Company, 
and identified in an official capacity with 
several other well-known commercial and 
financial organizations. Mr. Kress takes 
a keen and helpful interest in all that 
makes for progress and reform. 

The family of Kress is an ancient and 
honorable one, having its origin in Ba- 
varia, Germany, and its members are en- 
titled to display the following escutcheon : 

Arms — Gules, three fish argent posted palewise 
in fess, in chief four lozenges in fess or. 
Crest — A lion rampant issuant or. 

Joseph Adam Kress, father of Fred- 
erick Joseph Kress, was born in Wurtem- 
berg, Bavaria, his father holding the office 
of forester to the king of Bavaria. Mr. 



"5 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Kress married Eleanor Heinz, born in 
Baireuth, Bavaria, daughter of a promi- 
nent woolen manufacturer who owned 
several woolen mills in that city. In 
childhood and early youth Miss Heinz 
was a playmate and friend of Richard 
Wagner, the eminent musical composer. 
At the age of twenty-six Mr. Kress, who 
was an exceptionally skilled cabinet- 
maker, emigrated to the United States. 

Frederick Joseph Kress, son of Joseph 
Adam and Eleanor (Heinz) Kress, was 
born January iS, 1861, in the Penn ave- 
nue district, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
and received his education in public 
schools of his native city. After leaving 
school Mr. Kress began to work in a box 
factory, and his aptitude may be inferred 
from the fact that at the early age of 
nineteen he became foreman of the shop. 
At twenty-two he went into business for 
himself under his own name. The incep- 
tion of the concern, remarkable though it 
was, was perhaps less so than its steady 
growth and successful maintenance. In 
1903 the business was incorporated under 
the laws of Pennsylvania as the F. J. 
Kress Box Company. Later Mr. Kress 
formed another corporation, the F. J. 
Kress Box Company, incorporated under 
the laws of Virginia, and thereby hangs 
a tale. In the ardor of enterprise he car- 
ried his business into that State, erecting 
a box factory on what was then prac- 
tically an uninhabited spot. Around the 
factory sprang up a thriving village 
which, most appropriately, received the 
name of Kress and which is now to be 
found in the postal guide and on the map. 
Like a loyal Pittsburgher, Mr. Kress 
divides the honors with his native city, de- 
claring that it was there he learned the art 
of founding towns. Therefore, Mr. Kress 
is to-day president and director of the F. 
J. Kress Box Company, of Kress, Vir- 
ginia, as well as of the organization of 



the same name in Pittsburgh. He is also 
president and director of the the Frank- 
lin Savings and Trust Company, and 
honorary president of the Pittsburgh 
Commercial Club. Assuredly, none can 
deny him the title of a truly progressive 
business man. 

But there is anothe/ field in which Mr. 
Kress has achieved* fame scarcely less 
widespread and no less honorable than 
that which has rewarded his efforts in the 
a-r-ena of business. Especially keen ivThis 
interest in the future generations of his 
native community, in the citizens who 
are to make Pittsburgh great in the years 
to comej 1, Nor is his interest limited to 
these. His feeling is national. The 
future of the citizens of the United States 
engages his attention and occupies his 
thoughts, and his activities in this direc- 
tion arc attested by the fact that he is 
commander-in-chief of the United Coys' 
Brigades of America. He is. a member 
of the ways and means committee of the gJ 
Allegheny County Four-Minute Men. and 
■'h's^bne of the most inspiring of the four- 
minute speakers. The simple statement 
that he 'is one of the Bankers' Liberty 
Loan speakers is conclusive proof that he 
is a true patriot and" a true orator. 

The organizations in which Mr. Kress 
is enrolled are, as might be expected, 
extremely numerous. He holds perpetual 
membership in the Pittsburgh Chamber 
of Commerce, and is a life member of the v 
Pittsburgh Exposition Society and the 
Americus Club. In 191 1 and 1912 he was 
president of the National Wood Box 
Manufacturing Association, and in No- 
vember. 1916, was elected treasurer of 
the National Association of Corrugated 
Fibre Box Manufacturers. He belongs 
to the official board of the West Pennsyl- 
vania Hospital, and is a member of the 
Western Pennsylvania Historical Society, 
being also enrolled in the Pittsburgh 
r6 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Athletic Association. Mr. Kress affiliates 
with Crescent Lodge, No. 576, Free and 
Accepted Masons, and is prominently 
associated with matters Masonic. He is 
a member and elder of the Fourth Pres- 
byterian Church, and at one time served 
for seven years as superintendent of the 
Sunday school.. 

Mr. Kress married, April 17, 1884, in 
Pittsburgh, Mary, daughter ef Cornelius 
and Mary (Ramsey) Enscoe, o'f.that city, 
and they are the parents of 'two chil- 
dren : 1. Elsie Enscoe, now the wife of 
Thomas Pringle, an architect of Pitts- 
burgh ; they have two children, Mary and 
Thomas. 2. Paul Cornelius, attending 
Lafayette College, class of 1921, //Be- 
tween Mr. and Mrs. Kress, the latter a 
woman of unusual intelligence and most 
amiable disposition, there exists the most 
perfect harmony of tastes, sympathies and 
aims. Mrs. Kress is not only connected 
with all the societies of her church and 
active in its charitable work, but at this 
national crisis she is the true comrade 
of her husband in patriotic endeavor, hav- 
ing been constantly identified with the 
labors of the Red Cross. 

In all respects but one Mr. Kress looks 
the man his records shows him to be, the 
single exception being the discrepancy 
between the length of his career and his 
apparent age. A stranger, on meeting 
him, would substract twenty from the 
total number of years of accomplishment 
which are actually his. His hair is dark, 
his strong features are clean shaven, and 
his keen, kindly brown eyes are those of 
a leader who wins the enthusiastic loyalty 
of his followers. He is a man who draws 
men to him. Never was the work of 
building up citizens for Pittsburgh and 
for the Nation more needed than at the 
present time, and never, we venture to 
say, -was there a man beter fitted to "lend 
a hand" in its accomplishment than Fred- 
erick Joseph Kress. 



PRICE, JOHN BERTSCH, 
Financier. 

John Bertsch Price, president of the 
First National Bank of Hazleton, Penn- 
sylvania, and connected in various ca- 
pacities with many of the most important 
industrial concerns of this place, has for 
many years occupied a position of prom- 
inence in the community, and during his 
long and successful career has won for 
himself the esteem and regard of his fel- 
low citizens generally. He is a son of Judge 
Samuel B. Price, for many years an influ- 
ential citizen of Mauch Chunk, Pennsyl- 
vania, and of Harriet (Bertsch) Price, 
his wife. Judge Price was a native of 
Hunterdon county, New Jersey, but came 
to Pennsylvania early in life and was 
associated with the Upper Lehigh Coal 
Company in the capacity of chief clerk 
for a considerable period. He resigned 
from this position in 1887 and devoted his 
attention entirely to the responsible 
duties devolving upon him as treasurer 
of Carbon county. In 1889 he was 
elected judge, a post which he filled to 
his own credit and that of the community 
in which his court was situated. He mar- 
ried Harriet Bertsch, a native of Mauch 
Chunk, Pennsylvania, where he lived 
thereafter. They were the parents of the 
following children: Harrie Bertsch, born 
September 25, 1857, married, October 27, 
1884, Margaret Smith, of Cornwells, 
Bucks county, Pennsylvania ; Samuel 
Barber, died in March, 1904; Daniel 
Bertsch, deceased ; Samuel Clark, who 
resides at Hazleton; John Bertsch, with 
whose career we are especially concerned. 

Born November 17, 1864, at Mauch 
Chunk, Pennsylvania, John Bertsch Price 
went with his parents to Upper Lehigh 
as a small boy and there spent most of 
his childhood. It was at Upper Lehigh 
also that he attended his first schools, 
and continued a pupil therein until he 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was sent to the Swarthmore Preparatory- 
College, where he was prepared for a uni- 
versity course. He then entered Lehigh 
University at Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 
and there studied engineering, graduating 
as a civil engineer in the year 1885. His 
ambition to become conversant with every 
branch of his chosen profession as speed- 
ily as possible induced him, during most 
of his college vacations, to spend his time 
in the mines of the district, studying the 
application of his theoretical knowledge 
to actual conditions, an experience which 
was invaluable to him. In 1886, the year 
after his graduation from Lehigh, Mr. 
Price went abroad and spent some months 
in Europe. Returning in the following 
year, he became the construction engineer 
of the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad and 
made his home temporarily in Denver, 
Colorado. Unfortunately his eyes were 
delicate, and after a year of work with 
the railroad he was obliged to retire from 
active business for a time. He spent the 
following two months on a cattle ranch 
in the West, hoping to strengthen his 
eyes by a complete rest, and the follow- 
ing winter underwent treatment for them 
consistently. In the spring of 1888 he 
located at Hazleton, Pennsylvania, where 
he had received the position of teller of 
the First National Bank, and ever since 
that time he has made his home here and 
continued his association with this insti- 
tution. His father, Judge Price, was one 
of the founders of the First National 
Bank of Hazleton, and the young man 
was shortly after promoted to the post of 
assistant cashier. He held the two posi- 
tions until the spring of 1896 and was 
then appointed cashier. In this capacity 
he served until his election to the presi- 
dency in March, 1901, and continues to 
hold the latter post at the present time. 
But although Mr. Price has given so 
greatly of his time and energy to the 

11 



operation of this highly successful bank 
and is, perhaps, more closely identified 
with it than with any other business con- 
cern, it does not by any means mark the 
limits of his active interests. He is, on 
the contrary, affiliated with many other 
concerns and among them should be men- 
tioned the Luzerne Silk Throwing Com- 
pany, of which he is the treasurer and a 
director, while he is materially interested 
in a number of others. Mr. Price is also 
a conspicuous figure in social and club 
circles here, and is a member of the Sigma 
Phi College fraternity, Tau-Beta Pi, Hon- 
oring College Engineering Society, the 
University Club of Philadelphia, the 
Westmoreland and the Wyoming Coun- 
try clubs of Wilkes-Barre, and the Hazle- 
ton and Hazleton Country clubs of Haz- 
leton, and is a director of the last named. 
In his religious belief Mr. Price is an 
Episcopalian, and attends St. Peter's 
Church of that denomination at Hazle- 
ton, of which he is vestryman and treas- 
urer. 

John Bertsch Price was united in mar- 
riage, October 1, 1891, to Mary Silliman, 
of Hazleton, Pennsylvania, a daughter of 
Morgan and Martha (Levy) Silliman, old 
and highly respected residents of this 
place. Mr. and Mrs. Price have become 
the parents of the following children: 1. 
John Bertsch, Jr., who received his early 
education at St. Luke's School for Boys 
at Philadelphia, and afterwards attended 
Stanford University, California, from 
which he graduated with the class of 
1915, taking the degree of B. A.; he is 
now in the United States Naval Auxiliary 
Service. 2. James Silliman, born April 
27, 1894. 3. Robert Morgan, born June 
16, 1S95, educated at St. Luke's School 
for Boys at Philadelphia and Stanford 
University, California; he is now in the 
United States Aviation Service. 



3(9 



CVAr-VTA^v- 



[ATKD^AX^^^fi^^cy^^J 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



CHAMPION, Harry W., 

Man of Affairs. 

It is frequently said of a man that he 
is a representative of the interests with 
which he has identified himself, but in 
the case of Harry W. Champion, presi- 
dent and director of the Newton Machine 
Tool Works, Incorporated, the statement 
has a special significance inasmuch as 
Mr. Champion has been, throughout his 
business career, connected with the or- 
ganization of which he has been for a 
number of years the head and the guid- 
ing and controlling spirit. Mr. Champion 
is a loyal citizen of his native Philadel- 
phia, associated with her most essential 
interests and a promoter of all that makes 
for her truest advancement. Harry W. 
Champion was born October 21, 1864, in 
Philadelphia, and is a son of John B. and 
Nancy (Coulter) Champion, and a grand- 
son of John Champion, of an old New 
Jersey family. John B. Champion was a 
native of Philadelphia, and died in that 
city, where he was for a time engaged in 
the paper business. 

The education of Harry W. Champion 
was received at the Germantown Acad- 
emy, and after completing his course of 
study he spent one year in a real estate 
office, going then to an engineer's office 
in order to learn engineering. In 1882 
he entered the Charles C. Newton Tool 
Works and was given a position in the 
draughting department by Mr. Newton. 
Mr. Champion tells us that, in addition 
to his work in the draughting room, he 
"ran errands and made himself generally 
useful." This, however, was only at first. 
Soon he became so proficient in his duties 
that he was promoted from the position 
of draughtsman to that of head draughts- 
man, becoming then salesmanager and 
later, successively, secretary and direc- 
tor and general manager. Upon the 



death of Mr. Newton, in 1916, he suc- 
ceeded to the presidency of the company. 
The nationally known corporation of 
which Mr. Champion has been for the 
last two years the efficient leader was 
founded in 1880 by the late Charles C. 
Newton in a two-story building on Cal- 
lowhill street, with a force of five or six 
men. In this modest way Mr. Newton 
began the manufacture of small milling 
machines of the standard column and uni- 
versal types, and so successful was the 
venture that in 1882 the firm was capable 
of branching out in the manufacture of 
the Lincoln type milling machine, called 
by Mr. Newton the "new pattern milling 
machine." It represented a distinct im- 
provement over existing milling machines 
and from the very beginning had a ready 
sale. In 1885 the firm designed and built 
the first commercial locomotive rod mill- 
ing machine, which was introduced with 
considerable difficulty owing to the fact 
that the milling machine had not yet 
begun to supersede the planer, for certain 
kinds of work, to any great extent. It 
has, however, so increased in favor that 
to-day the sale of heavy planer type mill- 
ing machines forms the greater portion 
of the company's total business. In 1886, 
the old quarters having been outgrown, 
the company moved into a two-story 
building at Twenty-fourth and Wood 
streets, and in 1892 it took up its abode 
on its present site, Twenty-fourth and 
Vine streets, in a building three stories 
high, and within a stone's throw of the 
place in which it had started. From time 
to time various extensions have been 
added to the original building until at 
present the company occupies the entire 
city block of Vine, Twenty-third, Pearl 
and Twenty-fourth streets, and two-thirds 
of the block bounded by Pearl, Wood and 
Twenty-third streets. Its original force 
of five or six men has increased to three 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



hundred, with a capacity for five hun- 
dred. Since 1885 tne company has 
branched out principally in the manufac- 
ture of locomotive and railroad tools. 
For many years it has made a specialty 
of cold-saw cutting-off machines, being 
recognized as the largest manufacturer 
of these machines in the world and as 
authority on their design. At both the 
Chicago and St. Louis world's fairs the 
Newton cold-saw cutting-off machines 
were awarded gold medals. The Frank- 
lin Institute, some years ago, awarded a 
premium for the company's universal 
milling machine. Another specialty of 
the Newton company is the designing and 
construction of heavy machine tools for 
special purposes, and it has furnished a 
large percentage of the special machine 
tools installed by the extensive manu- 
facturers of electrical apparatus. In 1897 
the company was incorporated under its 
present title. 

It is now more than thirty-five years 
since Mr. Champion became connected 
with the Newton Machine Tool Works, 
Incorporated. From draughtsman he has 
advanced to president, and during the 
years of his progress, as well as since he 
has filled the position of leader, he has 
been ever-increasingly the heart and soul 
of the business. He has made of the 
concern a thoroughly modern, twentieth 
century enterprise, and to-day it stands 
in the van among organizations of its 
kind. We have his authority for the 
gratifying assurance that, in the design- 
ing of machine tools, American engineers 
lead the world. Mr. Champion is a firm 
believer in the power of advertising, and 
by his methods in this respect has im- 
mensely increased the trade of his cor- 
poration. His advertising, however, is 
always strictly impersonal. Never does 
he talk of himself or of what he is doing. 



Vitally present as he is in every depart- 
ment of the work he appears only in the 
silent but most effective manifestation of 
results. He is most emphatically and pre- 
eminently a doer. 

Politically Mr. Champion is a Repub- . 
lican with independent tendencies. Earn- 
estly public-spirited, he is active, as far 
as his business responsibilities allow, in 
community affairs. He occupies a seat 
in the Chamber of Commerce, and is vice- 
president and director of the Auxiliary 
Fire Alarm Company and a stockholder 
in other concerns. He affiliates with 
Pennsylvania Lodge, No. 380, Free and 
Accepted Masons; the Improved Order 
of Red Men, and the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, and his clubs are 
the Union League, the White Marsh 
Valley Country Club, the Engineers', the 
Manufacturers', and the Athletic, all of 
Philadelphia ; likewise, the Mohawk Club, 
of Schenectady, New York. Mr. Cham- 
pion belongs to the American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers, the Metal Trade 
Association and the Philadelphia Board 
of Trade. 

Mr. Champion married, July 14, 1886, 
Matilda G., daughter of Levi and Sophia 
(Frick) Godshall, of Philadelphia, and 
they are the parents of two daughters : 
Edna ; and Lelia, wife of Donald E. Lind- 
sey, of Philadelphia, who is now with the 
United States forces in France. Mr. and 
Mrs. Champion are devoted to the ties 
of family and friendship and their home 
is a center of gracious hospitality. 

The great concern which he has so 
largely built up and maintained has been 
very aptly compared to the lengthened 
shadow of Harry W. Champion and it is 
a shadow that will not pass away. It is 
an organization which, as the years go 
on, will form one of the industrial bul- 
warks of Philadelphia. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



MILLER, George J., 

Business Man. 

Four generations of this branch of the 
Miller family have resided in Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania, George Miller, of 
Dutch ancestry, coming from the State 
of Connecticut early in the nineteenth 
century and founding the family of which 
his great-grandson, George J. Miller, a 
prominent business man of Pittston, 
Pennsylvania, is a twentieth century rep- 
resentative. George Miller, a farmer, 
was a leading man of his district, but 
the last years of his life were spent in the 
home of his daughter, Kate, where he 
died. He was laid at rest in the old 
Cooper burying ground at Plains. He 
had sons : Jacob M., George, Daniel, 
Moses, Conrad, and John, also daughters : 
Polly, Kate, and Peggy. The line of 
descent is through his son, Jacob M., 
grandfather of George J. Miller, of Pitts- 
ton. 

Jacob M. Miller was born in Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, May 22, 1809, and 
died in Princess Anne county, Maryland, 
July 17, 1879. He remained in Luzerne 
county until 1846, a boat builder, having 
a yard at the basin where he repaired and 
built boats for the river trade, but later 
he became a contractor and builder. 
About 1846 he moved to Oregon, going 
from there to the State of Maryland, 
about 1873, and purchasing a plantation 
•in Princess Anne county. He was a 
devout Methodist, a founder of the First 
Methodist Episcopal Church, at Pittston, 
Pennsylvania, and a man of just and up- 
right life. He resided on his Maryland 
plantation for six years, 1873-1879, and 
there died. He married, January 1, 1831, 
Hannah Stark, born July 28, 1810, died 
at .Pittston, Pennsylvania, March 16, 
1858, daughter of John Stark, of Wilkes- 
Barre. They were the parents of sons: 



John G., Wadsworth, Kennard S., and 
Charles; and daughters: Mary, Hannah 
S., Mrs. Nellie Thayer, of Scranton, 
Pennsylvania ; and Mrs. C. A. Porter, of 
Auburn, New York. The line continues 
through John G. Miller, father of George 
J. Miller, of Pittston. 

John G. Miller was born in Plains, Lu- 
zerne county, Pennsylvania, January 22, 
1832, and died in Pittston, October 2, 
1902. He was educated in the district 
schools of the town, and at Wyoming 
Seminary at Kingston, Pennsylvania, and 
after completing his studies learned the 
carpenter's trade. He worked for sev- 
eral years as a journeyman, finally becom- 
ing a contractor and spending the remain- 
ing years of his life engaged in building 
operations. He erected many of the pub- 
lic and private buildings in Pittston and 
vicinity, his reputation as a skilled builder 
and reliable contractor ranking with the 
highest. He was the leading builder in 
Pittston for many years, and a citizen 
beyond reproach. He was an influential 
member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church ; a Republican in politics ; his 
fraternal order, The United American 
Mechanics. He married, in 1863, Mary 
Bowman, born 1844, died 1888, daughter 
of John and Mary Bowman, of Shenan- 
doah, Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Miller 
were the parents of ten children, three of 
whom grew to mature years : George J., 
of further mention; Kenneth Stark, and 
Gertrude. 

George J. Miller, eldest child of John 
G. and Mary (Bowman) Miller, was 
born in Pittston, Pennsylvania, March 
18, 1865, and there yet resides. He was 
educated in the public schools, learned the 
carpenter's trade, and until 1893 was asso- 
ciated with his father in the contracting 
and building business. In that year he 
withdrew from that line of business activ- 
ity, but remained in Pittston, where for five 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



years he was engaged in the ice business. 
He then sold out to the Citizens' Ice Com- 
pany, and in 1898, in company with O. C. 
Foster, purchased of Coward & Stark the 
business of the Pittston Iron Roofing 
Company. The business was soon aban- 
doned, and after its sale Mr. Miller 
engaged in stock dealing with sale sta- 
bles in Port Blanchard, horses and mules 
the special lines handled. This business, 
begun in a small way, has been a most 
successful and profitable one, the larg- 
est of its kind in that section of Pennsyl- 
vania, its every branch now being de- 
voted to the service of the United States 
Government, Mr. Miller traveling the 
Western country, buying horses and 
mules to be used for army purposes at 
home and abroad. He has very capably 
performed "his bit" in this particular 
field, and has furnished the Government 
with hundreds of horses and mules, each 
one especially selected for a definite pur- 
pose. He is a member of the City En- 
gineers' Club of Scranton, Pennsylvania ; 
Wyoming Valley Lodge, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons ; and of all bodies of Key- 
stone Consistory, Ancient Accepted Scot- 
tish Rite of Scranton, he being a thirty- 
second degree Mason of that body. He 
is also a noble of Irem Temple, Ancient 
Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. 
In political faith he is a Republican, and 
in religious preference a Presbyterian, 
affiliated with the First Church of West 
Pittston. 

Mr. Miller married, September 18, 1890, 
Mary Harriet Hodgdon, born April 29, 
1863, at Port Blanchard, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania, daughter of Samuel and 
Mary (Blanchard) Hodgdon. Mr. and 
Mrs. Miller are the parents of two sons: 
George Edward, born December 24, 1893, 
educated in the Pittston public schools 
and Charlotte Hall Military Academy, 



Charlotte Hall, Maryland, now sergeant 
Q. M. C, N. A., Auxiliary Remount 
Depot, No. 333, United States Army, in 
training at Camp Joseph E. Johnson, 
Jacksonville, Florida; and Richard, born 
March 6, 1899, educated in West Pittston 
grade and high schools, and Wyoming 
Seminary, Kingston, Pennsylvania. 



BOOKMYER, Edwin Arthur, 

Insurance Broker. 

Prominently known among the aggres- 
sive business men of Philadelphia is Ed- 
win A. Bookmyer, head of the firm of 
Beidler & Bookmyer, insurance brokers. 
Mr. Bookmyer is actively identified with 
various other enterprises, and all that 
makes for the advancement of his city 
finds in him a warm supporter. 

Edwin Arthur Bookmyer was born at 
Mount Joy, Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 3, 1872, son of Harvey A. 
and Sally C. (Beidler) Bookmyer. Both 
the Bookmyer and Beidler families are 
well-known families of Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania. Harvey A. Bookmyer, father of 
Edwin A. Bookmyer, was a veteran of 
the Civil War, having served in the Sixth 
United States Cavalry; his wife, Sally C. 
(Beidler) Bookmyer, was a descendant 
of the Wayne family, so prominently con- 
nected with the history of the country. 

Edwin A. Bookmyer received his edu- 
tion in the schools of his section, and 
came to Philadelphia in 1S88, entering 
the insurance business with E. R. Beid- 
ler, with whom he remained for ten years, 
and during which time he became a part- 
ner with Mr. Beidler in the business, the 
firm name becoming Beidler & Book- 
myer. In 1900 Mr. Beidler retired and 
Mr. Bookmyer took over the entire enter- 
prise, of which he has since remained 
sole owner and active head. He has, by 
ability and energy, built up a large clien- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tele, and is favorably known throughout 
the country, and has a large office in New 
York. 

The business qualifications of Mr. 
Bookmyer have always been in great 
demand on boards of directors of various 
institutions, and he has accepted of many 
such trusts. He is treasurer and direc- 
tor of the Janney Lumber Company ; 
vice-president and director of the North 
' Broad Storage Company ; director and 
treasurer of the Mercantile Library, and 
is a stockholder in other concerns. Of 
social nature, he is a member of many 
clubs, among them being the Manufac- 
turers', Columbia, Overbrook Golf, Lu 
Lu Country, Seaview Golf, Rotary Club, 
Insurance Society, Cedar Park Driv- 
ing, Philadelphia Skating Club, Chelsea 
Yacht, Downtown, of Philadelphia, and 
Bankers' Club, of New York City. He 
is also a member of the Historical Society 
of Pennsylvania and the Chamber of 
Commerce. His political affiliations are 
those of the Republican party, and 
although he has never held office he takes 
a sincere interest in all questions of politi- 
cal and civic moment. His church is the 
Episcopal. His only fraternal order is 
that of Mason, his lodge being Columbia, 
No. 91. One very distinctive feature of 
Mr. Bookmyer's personality and one 
which undoubtedly has had much to do 
with his success is his capacity for hard 
work. His general appearance, his ex- 
pression, his manner and the glance of his 
eyes are all indicative of quiet power and 
also of a kindness and good will which 
has drawn to him many warm and loyal 
friends. 

Mr. Bookmyer married Anna H., 
daughter of John and Anne M. (Tunley) 
Taylor, of Philadelphia. Mr.> Taylor was 
a member of the old firm of Taylor & 
Dolan, of Philadelphia, of which the late 
Thomas Dolan was also a partner. Mr. 



and Mrs. Bookmyer are the parents of 
the following children: 1. Roy P., born 
September 24, 1892, educated at Delancey 
School and University of Pennsylvania, 
now an ensign in the United States Navy. 
2. Edwin Arthur, Jr., born August 2, 
1898, educated at Chestnut Hill Academy. 



JONES, Thomas D., 

Coal Operator. 

Loyalty, courage, an abiding sense of 
justice and the binding force of obliga- 
tions are the qualities which above all 
others, perhaps, we should take as form- 
ing the keystone of the character of the 
late Thomas D. Jones, whose death in his 
home at Hazleton, Pennsylvania, April 
2, 1917, is mourned by the entire com- 
munity, a character that for many years 
exerted a wholesome and uplifting influ- 
ence upon all those who were fortunate 
enough to come into contact with it, and 
upon the development of one of the 
greatest of American industries, coal 
mining, with which he was so intimately 
identified. The careers of some men are 
easy to treat from the fact that all their 
energies are directed into one particular 
channel, but in the case of such a man as 
Thomas D. Jones, whose versatility was 
so great, and whose influence was exerted 
in so many different ways, we find it dif- 
ficult to place any one thing as his para- 
mount work, any one achievement as of 
more importance than the rest. That 
which was the most striking, of course, 
and for which the outside world knew 
him best, was his masterly direction of 
the great coal interests with which he 
was connected, but whether or not more 
actual good for the remainder of the 
world was wrought in this manner, or 
by some of the more subtle and intangi- 
ble forms in which his character and 



123 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



activities expressed themselves, it would 
be difficult, if not impossible, to state. 

Thomas D. Jones was of Welsh birth 
and parentage, being born at Merthyr 
Tydvil, in that most picturesque of lands, 
Southern Wales, January 28, 1842. He 
was the only child of Daniel and Ann 
(Vaughn) Jones, who were, like him- 
self, natives of that region. In 1850, 
when Thomas D. was a lad of but eight 
years of age, his parents left their native 
land and came to the United States. 
Pennsylvania, like Wales, was a great 
coal mining region, and it was here that 
the Jones family came, settling at Nes- 
quehoning, Carbon county. It was at 
that place that the early years of his life 
were passed, and* there that he gained as 
much schooling as the circumstances of 
his life gave him opportunity for. 
Upon completing his studies at the local 
schools, the youth made his way to the 
town of Lansford, Pennsylvania, and 
there engaged in the mercantile business 
for some two years. He was distinctly 
successful and displayed even at that 
early age a talent for business and a 
judgment and foresight quite unusual. 
However, there were other interests in 
Pennsylvania at that time that soon 
claimed his attention, and he gave up his 
mercantile venture to engage in coal 
mining, which was at that time in the 
midst of its most rapid period of devel- 
opment and expansion. Mr. Jones, with 
his characteristic good judgment, per- 
ceived the great opportunities awaiting 
the man of enterprise and action in this 
great industry in a commodity for which 
the demand was practically unlimited and 
the supply well-nigh inexhaustible. In 
the year 1869 he secured a position as 
assistant engineer with the Lehigh Coal 
and Navigation Company, and worked in 
that capacity until 1872, when he was 
made superintendent of collieries for the 



same concern. His progress in mastering 
the difficult problems of his occupation 
was amazing, and it was not long before 
he was justly regarded as an expert on 
all questions connected with the subject. 
In 1875 ne was appointed mine inspec- 
tor for the Fourth District of Pennsyl- 
vania, a position that required not only 
great knowledge of the coal mining situ- 
ation, but also a large measure of tact 
and the quality of leadership. His term 
was of six years' duration, but imme- 
diately upon its conclusion, in 1881, he 
was reappointed, as his work had been so 
eminently satisfactory. He had served but 
a short time in his second term, however, 
when he was offered the position of super- 
intendent of the collieries of the Eber- 
vale Coal Company, a very extensive sys- 
tem of mines and works with an enorm- 
ous productive capacity. This offer was 
another great tribute to Mr. Jones' abil- 
ity and skill and, as it was a much more 
remunerative post, he accepted it, resign- 
ing from that of inspector. In 1886 he 
accepted the office of superintendent and 
manager of the Mill Creek Coal Com- 
pany, one of the largest concerns of its 
kind in this region, and from that time 
until the close of his life continued to be 
associated with that company. He was 
later elected to the double post of vice- 
president and general manager of this 
company, and continued in virtual con- 
trol of its operations until his death, his 
skillful hand guiding it to the great devel- 
opment of its successful business. Upon 
taking this office Mr. Jones came to Ha- 
zleton to live and had made this place his 
permanent home. 

Mr. Jones was keenly interested in 
every aspect of the life of the community, 
and especially made it his business to 
keep in touch with every movement un- 
dertaken for the common good and to 
aid them by every means in his power. 



[24 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He did much to advance the business and 
financial interests of the community, and 
was a director of the Hazleton National 
Bank, director of the Hazleton Iron 
Works, president for a number of years 
of the Hazleton Steam Heating Com- 
pany. He was also active in church 
affairs, and was a prominent member of 
the First Presbyterian Church here, and 
president of the board of trustees. As 
president of the United Charities of Ha- 
zleton, he did much to alleviate want and 
the distress of poverty hereabouts. In 
politics Mr. Jones was a staunch Repub- 
lican, yet of entirely unpartisan mind, 
voting always as his conscience and judg- 
ment bade him. His large duties and 
heavy responsibilities rendered it impos- 
sible for him to take the part in public 
affairs for which his talents and abilities 
so eminently fitted him, yet he was felt 
as a potent influence in local affairs 
nevertheless merely because of the effect 
of his personality and character. He 
also became uncommonly well informed 
in a large variety of subjects, and this 
and his ready memory and ability to 
quote made him a companion as inform- 
ing as he was charming. Although quite 
unambitious of public 'office, Mr. Jones 
held a number of local posts at the 
urgent request of his colleagues, and was 
especially effective as a member and the 
president of the Hazleton School Board. 
He also was a member of the Select 
Council of this town for a time. He was 
a prominent member of the Masonic 
Order here. 

Thomas D. Jones was united in mar- 
riage, January 4, 1870, with Ruth Bynon, 
a daughter of John and Mary (Hughes) 
Bynon, old and highly respected resi- 
dents of Summithill, Pennsylvania. Mr. 
Bynon was a native of Wales, but came 
to the United States in early youth, and 
for many years was foreman for the Le- 



high Coal and Navigation Company, 
with which Mr. Jones was also associated 
for a time. To Mr. and Mrs. Jones the 
following children were born: Elmer, 
married Louise Dreyfoos (deceased) and 
by her had one daughter, Ruth Jones; 
Anna, deceased ; Mary, deceased ; Gladys, 
who became the wife of Alvin Markle, 
Jr., and has borne him one son, Alvin 
Markle, 3d. 



GLENNON, Joseph H., 

Man of Affairs. 

As vice-president of the Miners' Sav- 
ings Bank of Pittston, Pennsylvania, Jo- 
seph H. Glennon fills a high position of 
trust in the community in which he began 
business life as a "breaker boy." He has 
won his way to large possessions as well, 
and is one of the most striking examples 
of the possibilities there are for an Amer- 
ican youth to rise, does he but possess 
the necessary stamina and ability. 

Mr. Glennon is a son of Patrick F. 
Glennon, born in County Roscommon, 
Ireland, and educated in the national 
schools. He came to the United States 
in 1846, and settled in Lowell, Massa- 
chusetts, where he married in June, 1848, 
Catherine E. Loftus, daughter of John 
and Mary (Early) Loftus, both born in 
County Mayo, Ireland. In 1851 Mr. 
Glennon moved to Pittston, Pennsyl- 
vania, and there became a coal miner, 
continuing for twenty years, until his 
death in a mining disaster. November 3, 
1871. Mr. and Mrs. Glennon were the 
parents of five children: Mary E., born 
November 9, 1850, married, November 
12, 1872, Edward J. Gibbons, of Port 
Griffith ; Joseph H., of further mention ; 
George E., who became a Christian 
Brother, died 1882; Theodolph J., born 
September 9, 1859, died 1906, was a slate 
picker for eight years, later a driver, 



125 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



miner, deputy recorder of deeds, then in 
the employ of Hughes & Glennon, of 
Pittston; David, born April n, 1863, be- 
came principal of the Port Griffith pub- 
lic school ; and Agnes V., a school 
teacher. 

Joseph H. Glennon was born in 
Port Griffith, Jenkins township, Luzerne 
county, Pennsylvania, January 26, 1855. 
He attended school until ten years of age, 
then began work as a slate picker at 
the Port Bowkley breaker. During the 
following five years he worked at the 
breaker, but studied all the time he could 
and attended school at such times as he 
was able. But in spite of his handicap 
he was so apt and advanced so quickly 
that, at the age of fifteen, he passed the 
teacher's examination held by the county 
superintendent of public instruction, Mr. 
Campbell. He did not teach, however, 
but was variously employed until his 
twentieth year, when he entered the 
mines, continuing a miner for two years. 
He then entered the employ of J. B. Lan- 
gan, a large wholesale baker of Wilkes- 
Barre, as salesman, and during the winter 
enrolled as a student of elocution, his 
intention being then to later take up law 
studies. This plan was never carried 
through, however, Mr. Glennon entering 
the employ of H. R. Hughes & Son, on 
January 1, 1880. Hughes & Son were 
then conducting a brewery at Pittston, 
and as their selling agent in Wilkes- 
Barre he spent three years. Later Rich- 
ard M. Hughes, the son, and Mr. Glen- 
non, purchased the Forest Castle Brew- 
ery, in Pittston, owned by H. R. Hughes 
& Son, the new partnership, Hughes & 
Glennon, going into effect in March, 
1887. This firm operated the Forest Cas- 
tle Brewery for eleven years, then sold 
to the Pennsylvania Brewing Company, 
Mr. Glennon being retained as manager 
of the Pittston plant of the company, a 



position he held until 1907, when he 
resigned. 

In 1907 Mr. Glennon erected the large 
modern brewing plant in Pittston known 
as the Glennon Brewery, of which he is 
owner and general manager, and has 
established a connection with establish- 
ments all over Eastern Pennsylvania and 
in New York State. In 1897 he was 
elected a director of the People's Savings 
Bank, later became vice-president, and in 
1908 was elected president. When the 
People's Savings Bank was merged with 
the Union Savings and Trust Company, 
March 29, 1909, Mr. Glennon resigned his 
offices. In 1903 he was elected a direc- 
tor of the Miners' Savings Bank of Pitts- 
ton, and in 1916 was elected vice-presi- 
dent. He is treasurer and director of the 
Mountain Spring Ice Company, was 
president of the Old Ferry Bridge Com- 
pany, and a director of the Citizens' Elec- 
tric Illuminating Company, both now out 
of existence. He is president of the Good 
Roads League, president of St. Vincent 
DePaul Society, an office he has long 
held, is a member of St. John's Roman 
Catholic Church, is most generous in the 
support of the charities and benevolences 
of his church and city, ever ready to aid 
a worthy cause. He is a Democrat in 
his political faith, and in 1883 he was 
elected recorder of deeds for Luzerne 
county for a three years' term, a post of 
responsibility he efficiently filled. In 
1884 he was alternate delegate to the Na- 
tional Democratic Convention held in 
Chicago which nominated Grover Cleve- 
land for President of the United States, 
he the first successful candidate of the 
party for that office since the election of 
James Buchanan in 1856. 

Mr. Glennon married, October 30, 
1884, Agnes A. Allen, of Pittston, daugh- 
ter of John and Anna (McCann) Allen, 
her father one of the oldest and most 
26 




cA/M^J> A ^Y&Jaj^jx^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



trustworthy engineers in the employ of 
the Pennsylvania Coal Company for 
many years. Mr. and Mrs. Glennon are 
the parents of a daughter, Regina, born 
August 19, 1885, died January 9, 1909, 
and a son, Allen, born May 28, 1887, a 
graduate of Holy Cross College, Worces- 
ter, Massachusetts, and of Washington 
University, Washington, D. C. ; director 
of the Dime Savings Bank, Pittston, and 
assistant manager of the Glennon Brew- 
eries. 



McGREGOR, Arthur Francis, 

Oil Producer. 

As a type of the successful American 
business man evolved from the stranger 
who sought opportunity within our gates, 
Arthur F. McGregor is a splendid and 
shining example. He was born at Cas- 
tleweelen, County Down, Ireland, Janu- 
ary 16, 1843, son of Nicholas and Mary 
(McClain) McGregor. 

Arthur F. McGregor remained at home 
and attended the schools of the parish 
until fourteen years of age, then became 
a worker on a nearby farm. A little later 
he went to England, where he was em- 
ployed in a Liverpool brickyard, brick- 
making being a business with which he 
was somewhat familiar, members of his 
family having been so engaged in Ire- 
land, and his elder brother being the 
founder of the Liverpool plant in which 
Arthur F. found employment. Liverpool 
was, however, but a temporary stopping 
place in the long journey the lad had 
planned for himself, and he at once 
began the accumulation of a fund which 
would carry him across the seas to the 
United States. It was not until 1862 that 
he left England for New York, he then 
being a young man of nineteen years. He 
found a home and position in Brooklyn, 
New York, and in November, 1862, began 



work with the firm, Marshall & Water- 
bury, in their rope factory. He remained 
in that employ until May, 1863, then he 
removed to Haverstraw, New York, as 
now, the seat of an important brickmak- 
ing industry. He there worked at brick- 
making and in a machine shop, continuing 
until October, 1863. His next move was 
to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where for 
about a year he was fireman on steam- 
boats plying the Ohio river. He then 
became a worker in the steel mills, begin- 
ing as a puddler in the Pittsburgh Rool- 
ing Mills, continuing in Pittsburgh until 
1872, holding good positions and becom- 
ing thoroughly expert in the various pro- 
cesses of steel making. In 1872, attracted 
by the rich opportunities offered by the 
rapidly developing oil region of Pennsyl- 
vania, he went to Armstrong county, 
locating at Parkers Landing, there en- 
gaging as a pipe line operator. From 
Parkers Landing he went to Petrolia, 
Butler county, there becoming superin- 
tendent of the oil properties of Braw- 
ley Brothers, a position he held for three 
years. He located in Bradford in 1879, 
and since that time has made that city his 
home and business headquarters. From 
1879 until 1883 he was associated with 
F. E. Boden, going thence to the Mc- 
Callmont Company, an important pro- 
ducing company, owning many wells, 
some of them heavy producers. He held 
the position of superintendent with Mc- 
Callmont Company until 1891, then began 
business for himself as an oil producer. 
He had been preparing for that move and 
had acquired some good leases which he 
began working in 1891, continuing their 
operation very successfully for several 
years. He had then acquired sufficient 
capital and reputation to take his place 
among the large operators, and after sell- 
ing his original holdings purchased larger 
and larger leases, adding to his flowing 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



properties each year until he became one 
of the prominent operators of his section. 
His private business is a very large one, 
and in addition he has large oil interests 
with others, and is one of the men re- 
sponsible for a great deal of the develop- 
ment of the oil industry. He has pros- 
pered in his undertakings and taken an 
interested part in all departments of Brad- 
ford life, the success which has come to 
him being shared liberally with others 
less fortunate and in movements tending 
to promote the public good. 

Mr. McGregor is affiliated with Brad- 
ford Lodge, Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks ; the Knights of Colum- 
bus ; and St. Bernard's Roman Catholic 
Church. He possesses that buoyant, 
indomitable spirit, keen sense of humor, 
and love of the beautiful which distin- 
guishes his countrymen, and is one of 
the most popular of men, his circle of 
acquaintances very wide and his hospi- 
tality boundless. He has gained a posi- 
tion in the business world, based on an 
honorable achievement, character and in- 
tegrity, but his social standing has been 
won through those admirable traits 
described, and in his home and social 
life is true and loyal, seeking the good 
of others first. 

Mr. McGregor married, December II, 
1913, Mrs. Elizabeth Meyers, of Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania. 



HEINEMANN, Nicholas William, 

Manufacturer. 

The life story of Nicholas W. Heine- 
mann began in the United States in 185 1. 
When a child of three years he was 
brought from his native Germany by his 
parents, Christopher and Wilhelmena 
(Hartman) Heinemann. The family set- 
tled in Colegrove, McKean county, Penn- 
sylvania, but two years later returned to 



New York. Settlement was again made 
at Colegrove not long afterward and 
there the senior Heinemann bought a 
farm and engaged in manufacturing lum- 
ber in an "up and down" water power 
saw mill he built. There were eight 
children in the Heinemann family, Nich- 
olas W. being the sixth. His early life 
was one of toil, as his father was one of 
the pioneers in his district, but the condi- 
tions developed a strong, frugal, hard- 
working boy, who in turn developed into 
the successful business man, quick to 
realize and grasp opportunities, to turn 
nature's gifts to his profit. He acquired 
a large fortune, in a most honorable man- 
ner, no one being sacrificed or torn down 
that he might rise. He converted the 
forests into lumber, made the land he 
owned yield bountifully, and left the 
world richer for his life. 

Nicholas W. Heinemann was born in 
Duderstadt, a town of Prussia, in Han- 
over, November 25, 1848, and he died at 
his farm in Colegrove, McKean county, 
Pennsylvania, December 26, 1917. The 
second coming to McKean county was 
in 185 1 and the return to New York in 
1853, the final settlement being in 1S54. 
The father cultivated his farm until 1865, 
then built a saw mill to run by water 
power, but at about that same time Nich- 
olas W., who had attended the district 
school and helped on the farm, began 
working for the Philadelphia & Erie 
Railroad, that road then being in course 
of construction between Wilcox and 
Kane. The saw mill proving a success, 
he returned to the home farm and with 
his brother John aided their father at the 
mill and on the farm until both were of 
legal age. The brothers then bought and 
operated the saw mill jointly for several 
years, then Nicholas W. bought his 
brother's interest, John moving to Vir- 
ginia. 



128 




C*sfc4ts 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



After purchasing his brother's interest 
and buying the homestead farm, Nicholas 
W. Heinemann rebuilt the mill, intro- 
duced steam as a motive power, put in 
new machinery and became heavily en- 
gaged in the lumber business, his mill 
producing at one time 30,000 feet daily. 
He bought large tracts of timber land in 
Norwich and Liberty townships, Mc- 
Kean county, and converted the hemlock 
and hardwood timber into merchantable 
lumber. In course of time there was not 
sufficient timber within reach of his mill 
to keep him busily engaged, and the man- 
ufacture of chemicals was begun, the 
wood he already owned furnishing the 
raw material from which wood chemicals 
were produced. This work was carried 
forward by the Heinemann Chemical 
Company, of which Nicholas W. Heine- 
mann was founder, chief owner and pres- 
ident. The manufacture of chemicals be- 
came his leading business activity, he 
also being president of the Norwich 
Chemical Company with plants at Crosby 
and Smethport. The thousands of acres 
which Mr. Heinemann possessed and 
cleared of lumber were many of them rich 
in reservoirs of natural gas, which were 
tapped and converted into a valuable 
asset and some petroleum was also pro- 
duced. Mr. Heinemann spent his entire 
business life in the manufacture of lum- 
ber and wood chemical products, these 
natural resources being the source of his 
fortune. He was always a worker and 
once his keen business sense pointed the 
way he prosecuted his enterprises with 
all his vigor. He was interested in the 
Grange National Bank of McKean county 
from its foundation, and was highly 
esteemed as one of the solid, substantial 
men of his community. 

Mr. Heinemann married, October 1, 

1874, Anna Belle Waffle, of Elm Valley, 

New York, who survives him, daughter 

Pa_10_9 1 



of George and Betsey (Knight) Waffle. 
Mr. and Mrs. Heinemann were the par- 
ents of two daughters: 1. Bessie Wil- 
helmina, born April 13, 1880, married 
Laurence E. Scanlan. 2. Mary Theresa, 
born January 21, 1883, married Will H. 
Gallup, of Crosby, Pennsylvania, who 
was associated with his father-in-law in 
his later enterprises, contributing largely 
to their success. 

During the last two years of his life 
Mr. Heinemann became an invalid and 
sought health at Johns Hopkins Hospi- 
tal in Baltimore, and at sanitariums in 
Wellsville and Hornell, New York. But 
his work was done, and on December 29, 
1917, he was borne to his last resting 
place in Colegrove Cemetery,, the six pall- 
bearers being men who had been in his 
employ nearly a quarter of a century. 



BUCKMAN, Elmer E., 

Public-Spirited Citizen. 

Elmer E. Buckman, the popular and 
capable cashier of the Wyoming National 
Bank of Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, and 
the public-spirited citizen of Kingston, is 
a member of a family which has long been 
associated with Northeastern Pennsyl- 
vania. He is a grandson of Stacy C. 
Buckman, of Newtown township, Bucks 
county, in this State, who for many years 
held a prominent position in that neigh- 
borhood. He married Sarah Ann Briggs, 
and they were the parents of Micajah 
Speakman Buckman, the father of Elmer 
E. Buckman. Micajah Speakman Buck- 
man, like his father, was a farmer in this 
part of the State, and a Quaker in relig- 
ion. He married Mary D. Taylor, and 
they were the parents of a number of chil- 
dren, one of whom was Elmer E. Buck- 
man, with whose career we are here 
especially concerned. 



29 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Born on August n, 1861, at Tay- 
lorsville, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
Elmer E. Buckman passed the years of 
his childhood on his father's farm. He at- 
tended the local village school and here 
gained his general education, growing 
up to manhood amid the wholesome rural 
surroundings which have given to this 
country its best type of citizenship. On 
completing his studies at the village 
school, he went to Trenton, New Jersey, 
where he entered the Capital City Com- 
mercial College and there took a business 
course. Having graduated from this 
institution, Mr. Buckman sought and 
found employment with the Morrisville 
Rubber Company of Morrisville, Penn- 
sylvania. Here he continued to work 
for a while and then went back to Tren- 
ton, New Jersey, where he secured a posi- 
tion in the wholesale and retail store of 
Brearley & Stoll. This was one of the 
well-known establishments of Trenton, 
and here Mr. Buckman remained until 
the year 1886, when he returned to Penn- 
sylvania and settled this time in Wilkes- 
Barre. He was twenty-five years of age 
at the time and secured a good clerical 
position in the Old Miners' Savings Bank. 
Two years later, in 1888, he was offered 
the position of teller in the Wyoming 
National Bank and at once accepted, and 
from that year until the present time he 
has been continuously associated with 
this large and important institution. He 
continued to prove his value in his new 
position and made himself more and 
more important until, in the year 1908, he 
was made assistant cashier. He con- 
tinued to act in this capacity until Janu- 
ary 12, 1915, when he was elected cashier 
of the bank and still holds this office. Mr. 
Buckman has thus for thirty years been 
associated with the Wyoming National 
Bank, and has throughout the entire per- 



iod enjoyed the most absolute confidence 
on the part of the directors and bank 
officials. He has taken an important part 
in developing the present great business 
of the institution, and the future holds 
an even brighter promise for service on 
his part. 

Mr. Buckman has always taken an 
active part in the affairs of the city of 
Wilkes-Barre, where his business inter- 
ests lie. He is a member of the Westmore- 
land and Kiwanis Clubs of Wilkes-Barre. 
In his religious belief he is a Methodist 
and attends the First Methodist Episco- 
pal Church of Wilkes-Barre. He is very 
active in the work of the congregation, 
and holds the office of treasurer of the 
church society. 

Elmer E. Buckman was united in mar- 
riage, October 5, 1893, with Bertha M. 
Bannister, of Syracuse, New York, born 
September 14, 1865, a daughter of the 
Rev. Edward Bannister and Elizabeth 
(Mannering) Bannister, his wife. Rev. 
Edward Bannister was a prominent 
Methodist Divine, and opened in San 
jose at the end of 1850-51 the school 
which moved a little over a year later 
to Santa Clara and which later developed 
into the University of the Pacific at Santa 
Clara, California ; the name has since 
been changed to the College of the Pa- 
cific. To Mr. and Mrs. Buckman the 
following children have been born: 1. 
Helen, September 4, 1894; married, Oc- 
tober 20, 1917, Jerome A. Applequist, of 
Syracuse, New York, a graduate of the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
of Boston. 2. Alice, born January 13, 
1896; employed as a teacher (1917) at 
the West Pittston High School at West 
Pittston, Pennsylvania. 3. Henry Tay- 
lor, born June 18, 1902, now a pupil at 
the Kingston High School at Kingston, 
Pennsylvania. 





_ > 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



MUENCH, Louis, 

Manufacturer. 

The supremacy of Pittsburgh among 
the industrial cities of the world is the 
supremacy of superior brain power, and 
describing a man as a leading Pittsburgh 
manufacturer is equivalent to saying that 
he possesses intelligence of a high order 
and touches life at many points. A man 
of this type is Louis Muench, president, 
treasurer and director of the Republic 
Chemical Company. 

Louis Muench's father was George 
Muench, born in Germany, in 1801, son 
of a minister. After completing his stud- 
ies of theology and philosophy at the 
Giesen University, he founded a Prepar- 
atory School for young men at Homburg. 
When thirty-four years of age, he emi- 
grated, at the head of a large German 
Colony, to America, where he settled in 
Warren county, Missouri, as one of the 
early pioneers of that State. He left 
Germany because he was not in sym- 
pathy with Prussian Autocratic Rule and 
longed to breath the air of Democracy on 
this side of the Atlantic. He was one of 
the so-called "Latin farmers," took a 
keen interest in public affairs, and was 
active in the development of the Middle 
West. He was a public writer and 
speaker, and prominent in bringing Carl 
Schurz to the front when he was elected 
to the United States Senate by the State 
Legislature of Missouri. George Muench 
was influential in holding the State of 
Missouri in the Union, and his eldest son, 
the brother of Louis Muench, fought in 
the Civil War under General Siegel, and 
was severely wounded in the battle of 
Wilson's creek in Southwestern Missouri. 
In 1847 George Muench returned to Ger- 
many under the auspices of the Missouri 
Board of Immigration, of which he was 
a member and of which the Governor was 



the presiding officer, for the purpose of 
promoting German immigration to Mis- 
souri. While there, he wrote a number of 
articles setting forth the advantages of 
the climate and soil of Missouri, particu- 
larly for horticulture, and returned the 
same year with another colony of emi- 
grants. His first colony, in 1835, landed 
at Baltimore and crossed by wagon and 
ox teams the Alleghenies to Wheeling, 
thence to the Mississippi by boat and up 
the Mississippi to St. Louis. The second 
expedition landed, after a voyage of four- 
teen weeks, at New Orleans, and from 
there went up the Mississippi to St. 
Louis. Mr. Muench was one of the early 
settlers of Augusta, Missouri, where he 
was the leader in all public affairs and did 
much towards the educational develop- 
ment and the public school system of the 
community. He died in 1879, survived 
by his wife and four sons and one daugh- 
ter. His wife, the mother of Louis 
Muench, died at her daughter's home in 
Chicago, in 1899, and was interred in 
the family cemetery at Augusta, Mis- 
souri, at the side of her husband. 

Louis Muench was born on a farm near 
Augusta, St. Charles county, Missouri, 
March 5, 1859, son of George and Emma 
(Wolf) Muench. He received his edu- 
cation in the schools of his section, and 
in the schools of Chicago, to which city 
he went when he was thirteen years of 
age. His first employment was as book- 
keeper and accountant, in Chicago, and 
in 1892 he entered the can manufacturing 
business in Chicago, as president of the 
Illinois Can Company. He remained at 
the head of this company until 1901, when 
he sold it to the American Can Com- 
pany. At the time of this company's 
absorption by the American Can Com- 
pany, Mr. Muench became general sales 
agent of the American Can Company, and 
was also elected a vice-president and 



131 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



director of this large corporation, known 
throughout the world. He held this 
position until the fall of 1904, when he 
withdrew from business and spent a year 
traveling throughout Europe, in company 
with his family. On his return he helped 
form and became president of the Amer- 
ican Dehydrating Company, of Wau- 
kesha, Wisconsin. This company, unique 
in its line, takes from all kinds of vege- 
tables and fruits the water and waste and 
preserves the vegetable or fruit in cans, 
which, when opened and the water re- 
absorbed, becomes as the fresh fruit or 
vegetable. The concern has the honor of 
equipping the fleet of battleships on its 
cruise around the world under Theodore 
Roosevelt's administration, in 1908. Of 
this company Mr. Muench is still presi- 
dent. 

In 1912 Mr. Muench, in association 
with his fellow officers of the American 
Dehydrating Company, bought patents 
for detinning by the chlorine process tin 
scrap. By this method tin scrap is 
resolved into steel, which is used by the 
open hearth steel furnaces, and the tin, 
in combination with chlorine, forms tetra- 
chloride of tin, used by silk manufactur- 
ers for weighting their products ; it is 
also used variously in the arts and indus- 
tries. The company, known as the Re- 
public Chemical Company, has a large 
plant, situated on Neville Island, Pitts- 
burgh, with hundreds of employees, and 
of this company Mr. Muench is presi- 
dent, treasurer and director. In no small 
measure has the very rapid growth of 
this enterprise been due to Mr. Muench's 
tireless industry and energy. His train- 
ing qualified him for carrying on a large 
business enterprise, and his close applica- 
tion to the business of his company has' 
given him remarkable success. The in- 
dustry which he has built up is of great 
value in itself and of relative importance 



in the industrial development and per- 
manent prosperity of Pittsburgh. A man 
of singularly strong personality, he has 
exerted a wonderful influence on his asso- 
ciates and subordinates, and toward the 
latter in particular his conduct has ever 
been marked by a degree of kindness and 
consideration which has won for him their 
loyal support and hearty cooperation. 
Force and resolution, combined with a 
genial disposition, are depicted in his 
countenance, and his simple, dignified 
and affable manners attract all who are 
brought into contact with him. He is one 
of those men who number friends in all 
classes of society. 

Mr. Muench is vice-president of the 
Business Federation of America, Incor- 
porated, an association the aim of which 
is nation-wide cooperation among busi- 
ness men towards the bringing about of 
business conditions that will redound to 
the good of all. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. His views on religion are lib- 
eral and he attends any church where he 
has an opportunity of listening to good 
sermons or lectures. Of social nature, 
Mr. Muench is a member of the Ben Avon 
Country Club. A man of action, he 
demonstrates his public spirit by actual 
achievements which advance the pros- 
perity and wealth of the community. 

On September 4, 1888, Mr. Muench 
married Marie T., daughter of Charles 
and Anna (Fernow) Schober, of Chicago. 
Illinois. Mr. Schober was head of the 
largest lithographic concern in Chicago. 
and a well-known business man of that 
city. Mr. and Mrs. Muench are the par- 
ents of the following children: I. Clara 
Louise, wife of Peter G. Schmidt. Mr. 
Schmidt is president of the Northwest- 
ern Fruit Products Company, of Olym- 
pia, Washington. Mr. and Mrs. Schmidt 
have children as follows : Clara Louise, 
Marie Johanna, and Margaret. 2. Lily 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



A., wife of Robert A. Manegold, of Mil- 
waukee, Wisconsin, president of the 
Dings Magnetic Separator Company; 
they are the parents of the following 
children: Robert Louis, born April, 1916; 
and Marie Louise, born August 30, 1917. 
3. Alice M., graduate of the Institute of 
Musical Art of New York. 4. Marie C. 
5. Emma. 

Louis Muench's career may be summed 
up in one word — success — the result of 
his own unaided efforts. Throughout his 
career he has been animated by scrupu- 
lous honesty, fairness and the spirit of 
progress, ever pressing forward and seek- 
ing to make the good better and the bet- 
ter best. Lie has furnished a true pic- 
ture of the ideal manufacturer, one who 
creates and adds to the wealth of nations 
while advancing his own interests. 



HARDTMAYER, Hansr R., 

Consulting Physician and Surgeon. 

The older generation of Pittsburgh 
physicians has no abler or more honored 
representative than Dr. Hansr R. Hardt- 
mayer, who can now look back on nearly 
forty years of continuous practice in the 
Iron City. Dr. Hardtmayer has had un- 
usual experience in hospital work and is 
one of the members of the profession most 
frequently consulted in difficult cases. 

(I) Frank Hardtmayer, grandfather of 
Hansr R. Hardtmayer, was a physician 
of Zurich, Switzerland. 

(II) Dr. Francis Hardtmayer, son of 
Frank Hardtmayer, was born November 
7, 1824, in Zurich, Switzerland, and in 

1847 graduated from the University of 
Wurzburg, Germany. Later he became 
involved in the troubles which, toward the 
middle of the century, agitated the empire 
and all Europe, in consequence of the po- 
litical upheaval of that period, and in 

1848 he sought refuge, as did many 



others, in the United States. Making his 
home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, he 
opened an office on the North Side (then 
Allegheny), and during the remainder of 
his life was actively engaged in general 
practice. At the time of the Civil War, 
Dr. Hardtmayer organized Company B, 
Ninth Regiment Pennsylvania Reserves, 
and became its captain, serving for one 
year and participating in the battles that 
this organization engaged in, and was 
honorably discharged at Harrison's Land- 
ing on account of a wound and general 
disability. Dr. Hardtmayer married Han- 
nah, born in Cambria county, Pennsyl- 
vania, daughter of Henry and Maria 
Mucker, the former a native of Saxony, 
Germany. They were the parents of 
eight children, three sons and five daugh- 
ters, all of whom are deceased except 
three: Mrs. Sophia Stumberg, of St. 
Louis, Missouri ; Alfred, of Omaha, Ne- 
braska, and Dr. Hansr R., of whom fur- 
ther. Dr. Hardtmayer passed away 
December 23, 1879. He was an able phy- 
sician, and a brave, devoted citizen to his 
adopted country. 

(Ill) Dr. Hansr R. Hardtmayer, son 
of Francis and Hannah (Mucker) Hardt- 
mayer, was born November 17, 1856, in 
Allegheny, now North Side, Pittsburgh, 
and received his primary education in the 
public schools, afterward attending the 
Episcopal Classical Academy of Pitts- 
burgh. Having decided to adopt as his 
own the profession of his father and 
grandfather, he entered Jefferson Medi- 
cal College, Philadelphia, graduating in 
1877 with the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine. The same year the young physician 
entered upon a career of general practice 
in Allegheny, now North Side, and has 
since continued to devote himself to the 
duties involved in the possession of a 
large and constantly increasing clientele. 
The year of his graduation, Dr. Hardt- 



133 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



mayer was elected a member of the staff 
of the Mercy Hospital, and served until 
1890. In that year, owing to pressure of 
private practice, he resigned, at the same 
time withdrawing from several other hos- 
pitals where his services had for many 
years been highly valued. For the last 
twenty-five years he has been surgeon for 
the Pittsburgh and Eastern and the Bal- 
timore & Ohio railroads in Pittsburgh. 
As a consulting physician and surgeon, 
Dr. Hardtmayer stands in the front rank, 
being widely known and frequently 
resorted to in cases of an unusual and 
complicated character. 

As a citizen, Dr. Hardtmayer habit- 
ually studies to promote the welfare 
and progress of Pittsburgh, voting 
with the Republicans for such can- 
didates and ordinances as he deems 
calculated to further that end. He 
is vice-president and director of the 
Workmen's Savings Bank and Trust 
Company, and a stockholder in several 
industrial concerns. His religious mem- 
bership is in the German Evangelican 
church. 

The countenance and bearing of Dr. 
Hardtmayer are those of a man of strong 
character and liberal culture, progressive 
and yet deliberate. There is strength in 
every line and the eyes are at once those 
of the student and the man of action. His 
personality is that of the typical physi- 
cian, dignified, benevolent and quietly 
genial and he numbers many friends both 
in and out of his profession. 

Dr. Hardtmayer married, March 4, 
1881, Emma, daughter of the late Cap- 
tain James and Lucinda (Morrison) 
Maratta, of Beaver county, Pennsylvania. 
Captain Maratta was one of the most 
highly respected of the steamboat men of 
a former generation. Dr. and Mrs. Hardt- 
mayer are the parents of one son: Roy, 
born November 30, 1881, educated in 
Pittsburgh schools and in schools of 



Washington, Pennsylvania, and now con- 
nected with the Pittsburgh Steel Com- 
pany. Eminently happy in his domestic 
relations, Dr. Hardtmayer possesses to 
the full that love of home and family 
which is so marked a characteristic of the 
noble race from which he sprang. 

For nearly sixty years the name of 
Hardtmayer has been associated in Pitts- 
burgh, even as it was a century ago in 
a land beyond the sea, with excellence in 
the medical profession, the prestige 
descending in an unbroken line from 
father to son. Dr. Hardtmayer's inherited 
talent, fostered by the more liberal cul- 
ture and greater opportunities of a later 
time, has made him, the third in line of 
physicians, and the most distinguished 
bearer of the family name. 



FEE, Terrence, 

Business Man. 

Among the representative and pros- 
perous business men of Potter county 
must be numbered Terrence Fee. He 
was a man who, by his physical energy 
and mental dominence, made for himself 
an enviable place in the business world. 
He was born on January 14, i860, at Van- 
dalia, Cattaraugus county, New York, 
and was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas 
Fee, who were early and substantial res- 
idents of that place. Terrence Fee was 
one of twelve children. 

In 1886, with his brothers, Richard E. 
and Charles P., he came to Potter county, 
Pennsylvania, and engaged in the lum- 
ber business. This was in the days when 
Potter county was noted throughout the 
State for her splendid forests, and the 
firm of Fee Brothers grew and prospered. 
Mr. Fee was a natural business man, was 
himself industrious and was a master in 
directing men under his employ. As a 
citizen he ranked as a substantial man of 
affairs whose word was above question. 



[34 




vvvvrv/^v • Vrr 




(^cr/C-r^ 3/@J<£aAs>~ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He was considerate of others and was 
ever thoughtful and kind to those who 
were dependent upon him. It is consid- 
ered remarkable that during his long 
business career, the firm of which he was 
the directing force never found it neces- 
sary to enter into legal litigation, that 
they always dealt with their men in such 
a manner that there was at all times a 
feeling of sincere friendship between em- 
ployers and employees. 

Terrence Fee married (first) Carrie 
Edwards, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Charles Edwards, of Homer township. 
She died leaving four young children : 
Henry, Beatrice, Donald and Esther. He 
married (second), Mary F. McMenomin, 
of Friendship, New York, and she with 
one daughter, Terrencia, survive him as 
do also the children by the former mar- 
riage. Mr. Fee was an active member 
of St. Eulalia Church, and always gave 
freely to its support. 

Mr. Fee was a man who was extremely 
fond of his family and his home. He had 
a beautiful residence in Ladona, a suburb 
of Coudersport, which is the county seat 
of Potter county, and there he died on 
November 15, 1906, when just in the prime 
of a vigorous and useful manhood. All 
his life he had been a man of unusually 
fine physical appearance. He had led a 
temperate life, and his untimely death 
was a great sorrow to the entire com- 
munity in which he had so long lived. At 
his death he left a comfortable fortune 
for his wife and children, and his name 
will always be held in tender memory by 
friends and relatives who knew and val- 
ued him at his true worth. 



BLAIR, John K., 

Merchant. 

Forty-five years ago the name of John 
K. Blair was conspicuous in the business 



world of Pittsburgh as that of a member 
of the firm of Boggs, Blair & Buhl, a 
concern which has ever stood second to 
none in its own special sphere. Mr. 
Blair, who has been now long deceased, 
was during his too brief career influen- 
tially identified with the most essential 
interests of his native city. 

John Blair, father of John K. Blair, 
was born in 1806, in Philadelphia, and 
was a member of a family of Colonial 
record. John Blair served an apprentice- 
ship to the trade of milling, which he fol- 
lowed for several years, and then, urged 
by a spirit of enterprise, removed to 
Pittsburgh. Later he worked at his trade 
for a time in Perrysville, and in 1838 took 
up his abode in Allegheny City, where 
he engaged, until about three years before 
his death, in contracting and building. 
He adhered to the Republican party, and 
was a member of the Presbyterian church. 
Mr. Blair married Nancy, daughter of 
Thomas and Mary (Sipley) Morrow, of 
Perrysville, and their children were: 
Thomas, deceased, was treasurer of 
the Pittsburgh & Fort Wayne Rail- 
road; John K., mentioned below; Henry 
S. ; Mary, deceased, married Charles 
Reed; Fannie, married Thomas Ran- 
dolph ; Lydia, married Cyrus D. Rynd ; 
Jane, wife of James Menold; Ella, de- 
ceased, married Robert B. Willison ; 
and Charles S., deceased. The death of 
Mr. Blair occurred November 10, 1868. 
Both as a business man and citizen he 
had the respect of the entire community. 

John K. Blair, son of John and Nancy 
(Morrow) Blair, was born July 11, 1839, 
in Allegheny City, and received his pre- 
paratory education in local public schools, 
subsequently studying at Iron City Col- 
lege. It was in Allegheny City that he 
entered upon the independent work of 
life, serving as a clerk in the store of 
A. M. Marshall & Company. He was a 



135 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



man born for advancement, and recogni- 
tion of his abilities was followed by rapid 
promotion, while his devotion to duty 
obtained for him well-merited confidence 
and esteem. 

It may be readily understood that a 
man of Mr. Blair's impulse to take the 
initiative would early feel a desire to 
launch out for himself, and so it was. He 
was one of the three men who, in 1868, 
organized the firm of Boggs, Blair & 
Buhl which, from the outset, took high 
rank in the dry goods business, the fact 
that it did so being due in very large 
measure to the wisdom, foresight and 
aggressiveness of Mr. Blair. The too few 
years of his connection with the concern 
were the years in which the foundations 
of the business were laid, and on those 
foundations, which were so largely his 
work, the firm, now Boggs & Buhl, car- 
ries on a trade which places it among the 
largest and most exclusive of Pittsburgh's 
department stores. In politics Mr. Blair 
was a Republican, always strongly up- 
holding the principles of the party, but 
never for a moment being numbered 
among office-seekers. He was a member 
of the United Presbyterian church, 
serving on the board of trustees and tak- 
ing an active part in the work of the 
Sunday school. 

Perhaps the most noticeable feature of 
Mr. Blair's personality was its many- 
sidedness. With his diligence in business 
and devotion to civic duties and religious 
work, he combined a keen enjoyment in 
out-door sports, being particularly fond 
of driving and taking great pleasure in 
fine horses. His social nature was largely 
developed and the number of his friends 
would defy computation. So many years 
have elapsed since he left us that it may 
not be long before those who can recall 
his face and manner will have passed 
away, but the pencil of the artist will 



show to those who come after them the 
countenance of this man who, after so 
short a life, left works which follow him. 
Mr. Blair married, October 4, i860, 
Julia A. Fairman, whose family record is 
appended to this biography, and they 
became the parents of the following chil- 
dren: 1. Julia Fairman, born September 
12, 1861, died November 3, 1864. 2. 
Thomas M., born September 7, 1863, died 
July 4, 1878. 3. James Fairman, born 
October 19, 1865. 4. John C, born April 

19, 1867, died March 13, 1875. 5. Reed 
Fairman, a biography of whom follows. 
6. Edwin Gordon, born December 3, 1870, 
died March 11, 1875. 7. Dale, born April 

20, 1873, died in infancy. 8. Lida Rynd, 
born July 13, 1874, wife of Henry L. 
Schilpp, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and 
mother of two living children: Henry 
Lewis and Elizabeth Blair. The mar- 
riage of Mr. and Mrs. Blair, dissolved by 
death ere it had quite completed its fif- 
teenth year, was an extremely happy one. 
Mrs. Blair was a woman of lovely per- 
sonality, and she and her husband lived 
in and for each other and their children, 
their home being the abode of domestic 
felicity and gracious hospitality. 

On September 5, 1875, Mr. Blair, in 
the prime of his young manhood, was 
summoned to relinquish the activities 
which he was rendering so fruitful. Many 
were the mourners for what seemed the 
premature termination of a career so 
abounding in fulfilment and so rich in 
promise for the time yet to come, but to 
his family and friends the loss was irre- 



At thirty-six years of age most men 
have not yet reached the zenith of their 
course. At thirty-six John K. Blair 
passed away, having achieved in less than 
a score of years results which could 
hardly be looked for in a shorter space 
than twice that period. In the annals of 



f3<5 




tflxtS % (M^A 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Pittsburgh his name stands as that of 
an honorable and successful merchant 
and an active, public-spirited citizen. It 
is such men that the city needs. 

(The Fairman Line). 

Thomas Fairman, founder of the fam- 
ily in Pennsylvania, was chief civil engi- 
neer to William Penn, to whom he ex- 
tended the hospitality of his home upon 
his arrival in the province. The tree 
under which Penn made his celebrated 
treaty with the Indians stood directly in 
front of Mr. Fairman's house. 

James Fairman, a lineal descendant of 
Thomas Fairman, was born February 10, 
1808, in Pittsburgh, of which city his 
father had become a resident about 1800. 
James Fairman conducted a harness shop 
for many years, afterward engaging in 
the furniture and undertaking business. 
Fie was a Republican, and a man whose 
word carried weight. Mr. Fairman mar- 
ried Julia Keller and their children were : 
Jane, died in infancy ; Emeline, married 
John R. Richardson; Jane (2), married 
John White, and is now deceased; Kin- 
ley, deceased; Henry, deceased; Joseph 
W., deceased; John, deceased; Julia 
A., mentioned below ; Elizabeth, married 
Henry Rhoads ; Edwin F., deceased ; 
Ella M., married H. M. Brandon; and 
Samuel Reed. 

Julia A. Fairman, daughter of James 
and Julia (Keller) Fairman, was born 
June 5, 1841, in Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, and became the wife of John K. 
Blair, as stated above. 



BLAIR, Reed Fairman, 

Business Man. 

The Pittsburgh of to-day has no more 
aggressive business man than Reed Fair- 
man Blair, head of the firm of Reed F. 
Blair & Company, iron and steel brok- 



ers. Mr. Blair's career has been an ex- 
tremely active one, inasmuch as he was 
associated at different times with both 
the Carnegie interests and his present 
department of activity, having been iden- 
tified with the latter for upward of twenty 
years. 

Reed Fairman Blair was born October 
10, 1868, in Allegheny City, and is a son 
of John K. and Julia A. (Fairman) Blair. 
Reed Fairman Blair was educated in the 
public schools of his native city and after- 
ward studied telegraphy. In this art he 
attained a degree of proficiency which 
qualified him, at the age of seventeen, to 
become private telegraph operator for 
Thomas M. Carnegie, then chairman of 
Carnegie Brothers & Company, Limited. 
His next position was that of assistant 
cashier with the same company, being 
then but nineteen years of age, after which 
he was employed in the auditing and cost 
department. At the end of two years he 
became private secretary to William L. 
Abbott, chairman of Carnegie Phipps & 
Company, Limited. This very responsi- 
ble position was retained by Mr. Blair 
for five years, during which time he 
proved himself admirably adapted to its 
important and exacting requirements. 

In 1894, when the Carnegie Steel Com- 
pany was organized, Mr. Blair resigned 
his position and engaged in the iron and 
steel brokerage business under the firm 
name of Reed F. Blair & Company. From 
the beginning the concern has been iden- 
tified with the ingot mold and iron casting 
industry, and for a number of years has 
looked after the sale of almost ail the 
ingot molds in the United States. The 
firm also represents the Black Lake 
Chrome and Asbestos Company, the Do- 
minion Chrome Company of Canada, and 
the Brier Hill Coke Company, as well as 
blast furnaces turning out all grades of 
pig iron and all the better known alloys 

137 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



used in steel manufacture. The fact that 
Mr. Blair has been for twenty years head 
of such a firm as this, and that during 
that time its affiliations and transactions 
have steadily strengthened and enlarged, 
is amply sufficient evidence of his admin- 
istrative and executive ability. 

Beyond the duty of voting Mr. Blair 
has not, thus far, identified himself with 
politics, though always taking an active 
and helpful interest in public affairs and 
doing all in his power to further pro- 
gress and improvement in his own com- 
munity. He is a director of the Marshall 
Foundry Company, for which his firm 
acts as sales agent. In the Masonic 
order he has attained to the thirty-second 
degree, and is a noble of the Mystic 
Shrine. 

Often is it said that a man looks what 
he is. Most emphatically could this be 
said of Reed Fairman Blair. Every line 
in his face denotes the administrator and 
the executant, the man of thought and of 
action. The expression is that of quiet 
force, of a nature undemonstrative, per- 
haps, but capable of sincere and strong 
attachments, of making friends and also 
of holding them. 

Mr. Blair married, April 7, 1891, Jane 
Brackenridge Adams, of Franklin, Penn- 
sylvania, daughter of Thomas Daft 
and Annie (Gazzam) Brackenridge, and 
granddaughter of Hugh Henry Bracken- 
ridge, and this union with a charming 
and congenial woman has brought him 
the happiness to be found only under 
such conditions. Children: Raymond 
Adams, born January 8, 1892; John K., 
born March 16, 1895; James Fairman, 
born February 6, 1897; Jane Bracken- 
ridge, died in infancy. 

The record of this able and astute man 
of affairs has added to the reputation 
which his father, in his short life, won 
for the family name in the business 



world. The son, to whom has been 
granted greater length of days, has 
caused the honorable history of the two 
generations to extend over a period of 

fifty years. 



REES, Caradoc, 

'Well-Known Contractor. 

This ancient Welsh family name was 
brought to the Wyoming Valley of Penn- 
sylvania by Morgan Rees, born in Gla- 
morganshire, Wales, who came to the 
United States in 1869, and settled at 
Frostburg, Maryland. He was then a 
single man, and after spending two years 
in the mines at Frostburg, returned to 
Wales, and married a daughter of that 
land, Anna Rees. With his bride he came 
again to Frostburg, which was his home 
until 1882, then came his removal to 
Jeanesville, Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 
vania, where four years were spent in the 
coal mines, followed by his removal to 
Nanticoke in 1886. There he continued a 
coal miner until an injury in the mines 
compelled him to seek lighter employ- 
ment. This he found in the grocery bus- 
iness, and until his death in September, 
1915, he was the proprietor of a store in 
Nanticoke. 

This hardy Welsh pioneer was a man 
of strong character and upright life, a 
deacon of Bethel Congregational Church 
in Nanticoke, and for many years a mem- 
ber of the board of trustees. In Frost- 
burg he became a charter member of the 
local Knights of Pythias. He was a man 
of industry and devoted to his family, 
taking little part in borough life outside 
his church. Morgan and Anna Rees 
were the parents of John, James, Eliza- 
beth, Idris, Caradoc, of further mention, 
and William Rees. 

Caradoc Rees, son of Morgan and 
Anna Rees, was born at Frostburg, Mary- 



138 




^*>^^7^s^>k^<£^z 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



land, February 27, 1879, but when three 
years of age was brought to Jeanesville, 
Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, and four 
years later to Nanticoke, Pennsylvania, 
where his life has since been spent. He 
attended the public school of both towns, 
and began his wage-earning activities as 
a newsboy for the "Nanticoke News." 
He began mine work as a door tender, 
and from that most lowly but important 
duty advanced through the various de- 
grees of mine promotion until he was 
rated a capable miner and given an 
assignment. He continued a miner until 
1907, then entered the employ of the E. 
H. Post Construction Company as fore- 
man, but a year later returned to mining, 
and was continuously engaged in that 
business until 1909. He then became a 
contractor under his own name, and has 
since been engaged in the construction of 
roads, streets, sewers and strippings, in 
fact general contracting of a similar 
nature. Since beginning business eleven 
years ago, in 1907, Mr. Rees has built all 
the roads in Newport township, and 
practically all streets and sewers in 
Nanticoke. He is remarkable for his 
energy and industry, no contract com- 
mitted to him ever failing of comple- 
tion at or before the specified time. He 
values his reputation as an honorable, 
reliable contractor, and although a young 
man is one of the most prominent of the 
street paving and sewer contractors of 
the Wyoming Valley. He is a director of 
the First National Bank of Nanticoke, 
owns a quarter interest in the famous 
Tilberry Farm, is an ex-president of the 
local union, No. 838, of the United Mine 
Workers of America, is a member of the 
Knights of Pythias, the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, and the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows. He is 
very popular with his fellow-men and 
has a wealth of friends. Mr. Rees is 



prominent in the local affairs of the Re- 
publican party in Nanticoke and Luzerne 
county in general ; has often been sought 
for office, but never accepted. 

Mr. Rees married, April 15, 1903, Olwen 
Howells, born August 30, 1878, daughter 
of David and Jane (Jones) Howells, of 
Welsh descent. Mr. and Mrs. Rees are 
the parents of Jane, born July 17, 1905; 
Caradoc (2), February 9, 1907; Ann, Au- 
gust 29, 1914; Ralph, August 8, 1917. 



RICKETSON, John Howland, 

Attorney, Business Man. 

Much as there is of striking and excep- 
tional interest in the narrative of the life 
of the late John Howland Ricketson, of 
Pittsburgh, the feature which, perhaps, 
impresses most strongly both the biog- 
rapher and the reader is the fact of what 
may be styled his dual personality. In 
early manhood he was a successful law- 
yer, and during the many years of his 
maturer life a distinguished representative 
of the business interests of his home city. 
With the distinctive qualities of attor- 
ney and executant, Mr. Ricketson com- 
bined the attributes of a man of race, a 
descendant of an ancient and honorable 
ancestry. 

The Ricketson family is one of the old- 
est in New England and has formed ma- 
trimonial alliances with the Slocums, 
Russells and Howlands, all of whom are 
numbered among the armigerous families 
of the United States. 

John Howland Ricketson was born in 
New Bedford, Massachusetts, and was a 
son of Benjamin Tucker and Elizabeth 
Cowdrey (Warnick) Ricketson. The boy 
received his earliest education at the 
Friends' Academy in his native city, sub- 
sequently attending Mr. Pierce's school at 
West Newton, Massachusetts. Next he 
entered Harvard University, graduating 



C39 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in 1859 with the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. His room-mates at the university 
were William Everett, son of Edward 
Everett, and James Shouler, the historian. 

Having chosen as his life-work (so he 
thought) the profession of the law, Mr. 
Ricketson pursued his studies in the office 
of Governor Clifford, at New Bedford, 
and was admitted to the bar in that city. 
About 1861 he came to Pittsburgh and 
practised his profession in association 

with Loomis and John Shiras, who 

later became judge in the Supreme Court. 
There were not wanting those who pre- 
dicted for Mr. Ricketson a career having 
its culmination on the bench, for every- 
thing seemed to indicate that his chosen 
profession would bestow on him some of 
its greatest honors. The future, however, 
had other things in store for him. After 
about two years' constantly increasing 
practice and augmenting reputation, his 
plan of life was changed, not by any dis- 
aster or misfortune, but as the result of 
an exceptionally happy marriage. His 
father-in-law, Abraham Garrison, head of 
the famous old house of A. Garrison & 
Company, had no son to assist and even- 
tually to succeed him in the business and 
it was his wish that his son-in-law should 
act as his co-adjutor. His experienced 
eye had, no doubt, discerned Mr. Ricket- 
son's yet undeveloped talents for busi- 
ness, and it is possible that the young 
man himself was conscious of powers 
which had never, so far, been called into 
action. Be that as it may, he abandoned 
the law, turning his back upon the bril- 
liant prospects which seemed to await 
him, and associated himself with the great 
concern which had then nearly completed 
its first quarter of a century. 

The firm of A. Garrison & Company, 
owners of the historic old Pittsburgh 
foundry, had already led the way in 
aggressive pioneer work, rendering the 



United States independent in the matter 
of the chilled roll industry by bringing 
domestic manufacturers to the level of 
those of foreign lands. After Mr. Ricket- 
son became connected with the business 
in the capacity of vice-president, its foun- 
dations were strengthened and its scope 
enlarged by the impetus imparted to it 
by his vitalizing energy and by the wis- 
dom and perspicacity of his methods. To 
the amazement of those who believed that 
his talents lay exclusively in the line of 
the bench and bar, John Howland Ricket- 
son, ere many years had elapsed, occu- 
pied an undisputed place among the most 
influential leaders of the industrial world 
of the Metropolis. In 1894, upon the 
death of his father-in-law, he became 
president of the company. 

Public spirit was always a dominant 
trait in the character of Mr. Ricketson 
and this, in conjunction with his admin- 
istrative ability, was the cause of his 
being frequently urged to become a can- 
didate for office. This he steadily refused 
to do, but in every movement having for 
its object the advancement of the best 
interests of his home city he was a leader, 
and the notable talent as a public speaker 
which had been part of his equipment for 
success as a member of the bar was often 
called into requisition when the Metropo- 
lis was visited by personages of import- 
ance. In welcoming and entertaining 
these guests it was usually Mr. Ricket- 
son who acted as speaker in representing 
the city. The most memorable of these 
occasions occurred in 1872, when Pitts- 
burgh was visited by President Grant and 
a number of government officials. 

The Bank of Pittsburgh numbered Mr. 
Ricketson among its directors, and he 
was one of the founders of the Chamber 
of Commerce. In the founding of the 
Duquesne Club he was one of the prime 
movers, becoming its first president, and 
140 




/S^ 








ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he was also one of the founders of the 
Harvard Club of Pittsburgh, filling the 
office of president to the close of his life. 
In the University Club of Pittsburgh and 
the University Club of New York he was 
also enrolled. Mr. Ricketson was reared 
in the Unitarian belief, and was the 
founder of the first Unitarian church in 
Pittsburgh. The membership, however, 
did not increase very rapidly and it was 
Mr. Ricketson's custom to attend the 
Protestant Episcopal church with his 
wife. 

The personality of Mr. Ricketson as a 
man of action is presented more force- 
fully in the record of his activities than 
it could be in any description in words. 
There was, however, another side of his 
character which was not so conspicuous 
or so well understood by the general pub- 
lic as the one to which we have alluded. 
It was that of the scholar and the man 
of culture. His naturally superior mind 
had been enlarged by a liberal education 
and enriched by the cultivation of refined 
tastes and broad sympathies in literature 
and the arts. With those endearing per- 
sonal qualities which win and hold friends 
he was richly endowed, and in face and 
manner he was unmistakably the man of 
ancient lineage and noble traditions. 

Mr. Ricketson married, May 8, 1862, 
Clementine, daughter of Abraham and 
Mary (Clement) Garrison, and they 
became the parents of two sons and two 
daughters : Oliver G., married Retta, 
daughter of the late Thomas Carnegie ; 
John Howland, married Anna, daughter 
of the late C. C. Scaife ; Sarah G. ; and 
Mary R., wife of Colonel Herbert J. Slo- 
cum, United States Army. By his union 
with a woman of fine mind and rare per- 
sonal charm, Mr. Ricketson secured for 
himself nearly forty years of the happi- 
ness possible only in such companion- 
ship. His family relations were ideal, 



and of his gifts as a host only those privi- 
leged to enjoy his hospitality can ade- 
quately speak. In addition to their town 
residence the family possessed a summer 
home on Ricketson's Point, Massachu- 
hetts, the place having been named in 
honor of the immigrant ancestors who 
were the first of the white race to settle 
in that region. 

It was at Nonquit, this summer home, 
that Mr. Ricketson passed away on July 
20, 1900, having accomplished more than 
is usually achieved even in the space of 
three score and ten years to the limit of 
which he did not fully attain. As man of 
affairs, citizen and friend he was mourned 
even as he deserved. 

Among the many tributes offered to 
Mr. Ricketson's character and work was 
one from his fellow-directors of the Bank 
of Pittsburgh which concluded with these 
words : "In a rare degree he personified 
the graces of a thorough gentleman 
'without fear and without reproach.' " 

To the last words of this sentence noth- 
ing can be added, because the phrase 
applied to the "very perfect noble knight" 
furnishes the most life-like description 
o,f John Howland Ricketson, true type of 
the ideal American gentleman. 



TAYLOR, Roland Leslie, 
Financier. 

Prominent among the younger genera- 
tion of business men who are infusing 
into Philadelphia the element of vigor and 
enthusiasm is Roland L. Taylor, member 
of the well-known banking firm of Wil- 
liam A. Read & Company. 

Roland Leslie Taylor was born in Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania, July 3, 1868, son 
of I. J. and Elizabeth Ann (Alkins) Tay- 
lor. He received his education in the 
schools of his city, finishing with the class 
of 1888 of the Philadelphia High School. 



1-1' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He then spent five years with a large 
banking and brokerage house, gaining a 
thorough foundation in securities and 
financial customs. In 1891 Mr. Taylor 
went into the trust department of the 
Real Estate Trust Company, was elected 
assistant secretary, February 7, 1901 ; 
was elected vice-president of The Phila- 
delphia Trust, Safe Deposit and Insur- 
ance Company, June 13, 1906, which he 
held until elected president, June 12, 1910, 
which latter office he held until he retired, 
December, 191 1. In the spring of 1912 
Mr. Taylor entered the banking house of 
William A. Read & Company, with offices 
in New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, Bos- 
ton, and London, England. His thorough 
business qualifications have always been 
in demand on directorates of different 
organizations, and he has accepted of 
many such trusts. He is a director and 
chairman of the finance committee of 
Young, Smyth, Field Company; director 
of Edward G. Budd Manufacturing Com- 
pany, S. S. White Dental Manufacturing 
Company, American Manganese Manu- 
facturing Company, Independence Insur- 
ance Company, and Pennsylvania Fire In- 
surance Company. He is one of the 
governors of the Philadelphia Stock 
Exchange. It was through Mr. Taylor's 
active and persistent work that the sale 
and recapitalization of the Baldwin Loco- 
motive Works was effected after the 
death of John H. Converse, in 191 1, and 
just four years later he engineered the 
purchase of the Midvale Steel Works 
which had previously refused all war 
work. By this deal the plant was imme- 
diately put to work for the "Allies" and 
so expanded that it was able to take its 
place as one of the largest and most effi- 
cient producers of materials needed by 
our Government upon entry of this coun- 
try into the World War. 

Mr. Taylor served eleven years with 



the Pennsylvania State Naval Militia, first 
as a seaman, then through the successive 
grades of petty officers and warrant offi- 
cers and for the later years as a lieuten- 
ant, senior grade. In politics he is a Re- 
publican, but has never held office, and 
has always been independent in local 
elections. He is an Episcopalian in relig- 
ion, and a member of some of the boards 
of its institutions. His clubs are the Rac- 
quet, Germantown Cricket. Huntingdon 
Valley Country and City Club of Phila- 
delphia. 

On January 27, 1897, Mr. Taylor mar- 
ried Anita May, daughter of John and 
Frances Morris (Janney) Steinmetz, of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and they have 
had children: Anita Marjory, Elizabeth 
Ann, and Roland Leslie, Jr. 



WOLF, Augustus F., 

Coal Operator. 

The story of the life of Augustus F. 
Wolf, of Wilkes-Barre. Pennsylvania, is 
one of deep interest, and in its telling a 
man of extraordinary strength of char- 
acter and purpose is revealed. While now 
president of Wolf Colleries Company, In- 
corporated, his coal operations began at 
comparatively a recent date (1907) his 
years prior to that year having been given 
to the service of others, the Young Men's 
Christian Association physical department 
being the medium through which he led 
young men to a better physical manner 
of living. His connection with the 
Wilkes-Barre Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation did not begin until 1893, then 
was soon broken not to be again revived 
until 1907, when he returned, but in a 
different role, one in which he has won 
a success equal to that attained as a phy- 
sical director. He is a native son of New 
York State, but as an adopted son Penn- 
sylvania knows no more loyal citizen. 



142 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Augustus F. Wolf, son of John Erd- 
man and Mary (Bilger) Wolf, was born 
in Rochester, New York, February 14, 
1868. He was educated in common schools, 
in a private seminary in Rochester, 
in Springfield (Massachusetts) Training 
School, and also pursued a Chautauqua 
Collegiate course ; his special preparation 
was in physical culture. In this line of 
work he became so deeply interested that 
when his own training was finished he 
accepted an offer from the Newburg (New 
York) Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion, to become physical director to that 
institution. There he continued until 
1893, when the Wilkes-Barre (Pennsyl- 
vania) Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion secured his services as physical direc- 
tor and retained them for five years. 
These two engagements firmly estab- 
lished his reputation as an instructor and 
director of physical culture departments, 
and other institutions sought to secure 
his services. In 1898 he accepted an offer 
from the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion of Fall River, Massachusetts, and 
there continued as physical director until 
1903, when he was elected general sec- 
retary and physical director of the Wil- 
liamsport (Pennsylvania) Young Men's 
Christian Association. That post he most 
satisfactorily filled until 1907, in which 
year he withdrew from the Young Men's 
Christian Association work and entered 
the coal operating field in the anthracite 
region, a business in which his success 
has been conspicuous. 

He obtained a lease in 1909 from the 
Beisel estate, near Lattimer, Pennsyl- 
vania, and on that tract drove a slope 
which he has since continuously and suc- 
cessfully operated. In 1913 he leased a 
four hundred acre tract of coal land ad- 
joining the Beisel lease, securing this sec- 
ond lease from the Cox Brothers' estate. 
He then incorporated both his properties 



under the title, Wolf Colleries Company, 
Incorporated. Previously he had leased 
two hundred acres of coal land in Hud- 
son, Pennsylvania, and this he operates 
under the name, Central Coal Company. 
The combined output of the Wolf Coller- 
ies and the Central Coal Company is 
about eight hundred tons of merchantable 
coal daily. The Central Coal Company 
is his own private property, and he is the 
principal owner of the Wolf Colleries 
Company, Incorporated, and its president. 
He has developed an acute business mind, 
and conducts his coal enterprise with 
rare skill and good judgment. He has 
ever retained his interest in Young 
Men's Christian Association work, and 
holds membership with the Wilkes-Barre 
branch. He is a director of the Wilkes- 
Barre Institute, member of the Wyoming 
Country Club, and the First Presbyterian 
Church, taking active part in the special 
line of work to which each organization 
is devoted. In politics he is a Republican. 
Mr. Wolf married, August 7, 1895, 
Frances Melanie Nicely, daughter of Al- 
phonso and Elizabeth (Search) Nicely, of 
Shickshinny, Luzerne county, Pennsyl- 
vania. Mrs. Wolf is a granddaughter of 
John Nicely, who married Polly Stuckey, 
and they came from Northampton county 
and settled in Mocanaqua, Pennsylvania. 
John Nicely died on what was known as 
the "Nicely farm" in Conyngham town- 
ship, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania. His 
son, Alphonso Nicely, was one of the 
early settlers of Shickshinny, Luzerne 
county, and was engaged in the grocery 
business, also in the quarrying of stone, 
owning quarries and being prominent in 
borough affairs, having served as school 
director, poor director and councilman of 
the borough. He married Elizabeth 
Search, of a pioneer Luzerne county 
family, coming originally from Scotland, 
the founders, William Search and son 



143 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



James. William Search was a private in 
a company of minute-men serving from 
Morris county, New Jersey, while his son, 
James Search, was a member of Captain 
Daniel Bray's company, Second Regi- 
ment, Hunterdon county militia, and also 
served as a private in the New Jersey 
Continental lines during the Revolution, 
fighting with New Jersey troops at the 
battle of Monmouth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wolf are the parents of 
a son and three daughters : i. John Fred- 
erick, born August 24, 1896; educated in 
Harry Hillman Academy at Wilkes- 
Barre, the Lawrenceville (New Jersey) 
School, and the Tome School of Port De- 
posit, Maryland; enlisted, June 15, 1917, 
at New Haven, with the American Am- 
bulance Field Service with the French 
army, served six months at the front with 
the Ambulance, Section 8, after which he 
graduated from L'Ecole de Militaire de 
Artillerie at Fontainebleau, and is now 
a lieutenant in the 507th Regiment, 79th 
Battalion, 355th Companie, Par les Aydes 
Loriet. 2. Ellen Elizabeth, a graduate of 
Wilkes-Barre Institute and Sweet Briar 
College, Sweet Briar, Virginia. 3. Ruth 
Frances, educated in Wilkes-Barre Insti- 
tute, and the Misses Low and Haywood 
School of Stamford, Connecticut. 4. 
Louise Search, now a student at Wilkes- 
Barre Institute. 



DeGOLIER, Albert, 

Representative Citizen. 

In the wilds and among the pioneers of 
the Northern Tier region of Pennsylvania, 
on June 4, 1831, Albert DeGolier was 
born. His birthplace was at Lafayette 
Corners, in the county of McKean. 
The hamlet had become widely known, 
because here the East and West Road, 
the great highway projected by Act of 
Assembly to extend from the eastern to 



the western boundary of Pennsylvania, 
was crossed by a trail from Chinckle- 
clamoose (Clearfield) to Fort Niagara 
(Buffalo). The boy's father, Abel De- 
Golier, who was a minister, skilled, too, 
in the trade of a carpenter and joiner, 
with his wife, Elizabeth (Overheiser) De- 
Golier (who died in 1893 at the age of 
ninety-one years) and his brother, Nathan, 
had struck out from their home near 
Avoca, in the county of Steuben, State of 
New York, about two years before, and 
after brief visits to settlements along the 
State border, took up their temporary 
abode at Smethport, which had then been 
named as the county seat of McKean. 
Here, while Albert was in infancy, scarce 
two years of age, his father succumbed to 
the rigors of border life. 

Meantime, Nathan DeGolier, Albert's 
uncle, had been attracted to a saw-mill 
settlement in the western part of the 
county, on the waters of the Tunungwant 
creek, and here, at or near the present vil- 
lage of DeGolier, he erected and main- 
tained a flourishing grist-mill. Through 
his intercession a home was found for the 
boy and his mother in the neighboring 
settlement of Corwin Center on Kendall 
creek, at the homestead of Warren Edson. 
There were then but eight other settlers 
in the valley: Philetus Corwin, Andrew 
Brown, Absalom Hutchinson, George 
Smith, John W. Whipple, Orson Hogle, 
Samuel Whipple and Zach. Reynolds, all 
of whom lived in primitive fashion, in log 
cabins, with open fireplaces, equipped 
with cranes and pot-hooks. Edson, how- 
ever, was distinguished among them by 
the fact that he had built a barn. The 
journey from Smethport was then quite 
an undertaking, there being no well- 
travelled road. But there was a trail fol- 
lowing the course of the present highway, 
through Farmers Valley, over Rew Hill. 
It was the mail route from Jersey Shore 
144 




^2^/^^u 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to Smethport, Tuna Valley, Little Valley, 
and thence to Belmont. So the infant 
boy, with his mother, followed the trail 
horseback. Here, in Kendall Creek val- 
ley, Albert's childhood was spent. When 
of sufficient age, he worked on the farm. 
Perchance in the fall and spring he would 
attend with his elders the elections, which 
were held at the house of L. S. Foster, 
and not infrequently go to the post-office, 
just established, to receive from William 
Fisher the weekly mail. In 1838 the 
Pennsylvania free school system went 
into effect. Albert attended the first pub- 
lic school in the valley, and some years 
later became the teacher of the same 
school. 

Between the settlement on Kendall 
Creek, the mill village at the mouth of 
Foster brook, and the East Branch settle- 
ment, around the confluence of the 
branches of the Tunungwant, the United 
States Land Company, succeeded by 
Daniel Kingsbury, planted a little town, 
thereafter to be known as Littleville, Lit- 
tleton, and later as Bradford. When 
Albert DeGolier came to Bradford, it was 
a busy lumber center. In 1853 his mother 
had died. His circumstances, however, 
were such that he was able to maintain a 
home of his own. On October 17 of that 
year, he married a companion of his child- 
hood, Eleanor Hutchinson, daughter of 
Absalom Hutchinson, and they resided at 
Bradford until i860, when, attracted by 
the tide of emigration to the rich prairies 
of the West, and having accumulated 
some means, he removed to Iowa, and 
there for a time conducted with good suc- 
cess a general mercantile business. 

In 1866, learning of the discovery of 
petroleum at Bradford, he disposed of his 
business and returned. Here he made 
fortunate investments in real estate, 
chiefly at the present intersection of Main 
and Kennedy streets. At the northwest 



corner of this intersection, he established, 
and for several years maintained a gen- 
eral store, dealing in dry goods and sup- 
plies. He also engaged with others in 
the production of oil. In fact, he became 
interested in the growth of Bradford in 
various directions. He took part in its 
civic progress. Every well-considered 
measure for its advancement enlisted his 
support. He had a quick comprehension 
of the moral phase of any mooted propo- 
sition, and could be counted to appear on 
the right side. In the great causes of 
temperance, of public education, and of 
the abolition of slavery, he was always 
alert, aggressive and influential. His 
native ability, reenforced by education 
and experience, gained for him a degree 
of prominence in the affairs of the city 
which few others enjoyed. He spoke to 
the point and readily, as occasion de- 
manded, and wrote with fluency. His 
attitude on public questions was often 
made known through the press, and thus, 
in a large sense, he became an accepted 
monitor for the community. Although 
the development of the oil district brought 
to Bradford a cosmopolitan population, 
mainly enterprising, wide-awake, ener- 
getic, Albert DeGolier held his ground as 
an influential factor. He was elected for 
successive terms to the office of school 
director, and served for many years as the 
secretary of the board. 

George F. Stone, Esq., a co-director and 
subsequently superintendent of the pub- 
lic schools of Bradford, now a member of 
the bar and prominent citizen of Seattle, 
writes as follows : 

As to my recollection of Albert DeGolier, I 
would say that after the lapse of more than thirty 
years, my memory of him is that of one of the 
most notable examples of faithful public service 
that I have ever known. His position in the 
Board of School Directors for many years, as 
Chairman of the Committee on Buildings and 



145 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Supplies, carried the duty of the oversight of the 
expenditure of large sums of money, and in 
marked contrast with a too common custom, he 
was as careful, economical and painstaking with 
the people's money as of his own. His integrity 
was above the possibility of question, and no 
scandal or accusation of graft ever attached to 
an act of his. Every contract was awarded on 
its merits, and no influence could move him from 
what he believed to be right. He was not a blind 
follower, but had ideas of his own, which he was 
never afraid to express, and convinced that he 
was right, there was no power that could move 
him from his position; this is my distinctive 
memory of Mr. DeGolier. 

In religion, as in politics, he was not 
bound by tradition. Hence he was not 
always in harmony with the majority. 
But in the manner of his life he was an 
exemplar which the majority always 
respected. In regard to personal habits 
he was absolutely unassailable. He never 
used profane language. He drank no 
intoxicating liquor, nor tea nor coffee, 
nor did he use tobacco in any form. 

At his death, which occurred at his 
home on January 19, 1908, he left to sur- 
vive him his widow, since deceased, and 
six children now living: Elizabeth An- 
toinette, wife of S. E. Barrett ; Charles 
Fremont, a resident of Cambridge, Ohio ; 
Mary Ann, wife of W. H. Smart, of Phil- 
adelphia ; Spencer M., of Bradford, 
former mayor of the city, elected by a 
large majority in spite of strong party 
opposition ; Margaret Lillian, wife of 
Herbert A. Lamprell, of Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, and Eleanor Jane, wife of C. J. 
Davis, of Bradford. 

Important public ends to which Albert 
DeGolier had been zealously devoted 
came to fruition in his lifetime. He lived 
to see the Bradford High School estab- 
lished, its chemical laboratory become a 
reality, its reference library, founded by 
public subscription, expanded later into a 
city library free to the people. He 
enjoyed opportunities for public service, 



and to it gave himself so generously that 
there were times when consequently his 
private interests suffered to such extent 
as to cloud, in some measure, the happi- 
ness of his latter days. But he left to the 
city an example of the best type of citi- 
zenship, which is, after all, the noblest 
heritage. 



TORRANCE, Francis, 

Financier, Philanthropist. 

Some men there are who touch life at 
so many points that in order to convey 
an adequate conception of their personal- 
ity, it seems necessary to describe them 
in several characters. A man of this type 
•was the late Francis Torrance, one of the 
strong men of the Old Pittsburgh, whose 
commanding form, seen through the 
gathering mists of the fast receding 
years, rises before us as business man, 
financier and philanthropist. 

Francis Torrance, father of Francis 
Torrance, was a prosperous farmer in the 
North of Ireland, where he spent his 
entire life of eighty-six years. He was 
the father of a large family. 

Francis (2) Torrance, son of Francis 
(1) Torrance, was born in the town of 
Letterkenny, in 1816. He made good use 
of superior educational advantages, and 
came to America when twenty-one years 
of age. He first located in Pittsburgh, 
where for a short time he was employed 
as bookkeeper. He afterwards went to 
Wellsville, Ohio, and engaged in the gro- 
cery business. After a few years of suc- 
cessful business, he returned to Ireland 
and married Ann Jane McClure, and then 
went into business in his native town. 
After seven years in the Old Country, Mr. 
Torrance came to Philadelphia, where he 
embarked in the grocery business. He 
remained there a few years and then 
located permanently in Pittsburgh. In 
46 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1875, ' n company with J. W. Arrott and 
John Fleming, Mr. Torrance established 
the Standard Manufacturing Company, 
now the Standard Sanitary Manufactur- 
ing Company, the largest corporation for 
the manufacture of sanitary goods in the 
world. Active in the affairs of the com- 
munity, Mr. Torrance served in the 
Select Council of Allegheny (now the 
Northside, Pittsburgh), and was for eigh- 
teen years a member of the School Board. 
He was a member and trustee of the Bap- 
tist church. For twenty-eight years he 
was the agent of the Schenley Estate, 
having charge of the entire interest of 
the estate in America, valued at over $30,- 
000,000 and his able management of this 
trust brought him much praise. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtue, Mr. Tor- 
rance stood in the front rank. In politics 
he was a Republican. Ever ready to 
respond to any deserving call made upon 
him, such was his abhorance of publicity 
that the full number of his benefactions 
will, in all probability, never be known to 
the world. A man of fine personal ap- 
pearance, of a nature so genial and sym- 
pathetic as to possess a rare magnetism, 
he was a man who drew men to him. 
Personality, coupled with great ability, 
was, in fact, the secret of his wonderful 
success, making possible undertakings 
which, in the hands of an ordinary man, 
would have met with utter failure. His 
countenance was indicative of great force 
and also of that capacity for friendship 
which made him the object of the loyal 
and devoted attachment of all who were 
in any way associated with him. 

Mr. Torrance was twice married. By 
his first wife, Ann Jane (McClure) Tor- 
rance, he had three children, one of whom 
is living, Elizabeth, residing in Ireland. 
By his second wife, whom he married in 
1857, and who was Jane Waddell, daugh- 



ter of John Waddell, he had one son, 
Francis J., whose sketch follows in this 
work, and one daughter who died in 
infancy. 

The death of Francis Torrance, which 
occurred March 11, 1886, deprived Pitts- 
burgh of a man whose business talents 
were of the highest order and whose will 
was simply indomitable. Full of work, 
of fiery energy and unquenchable hope, 
he represented a type, the value of which 
to a city it is impossible to estimate. The 
influence of such men ramifies all through 
the commercial and industrial life, extend- 
ing itself to the entire social economy, 
and every man, from the toiling laborer to 
the merchant prince, receives benefit from 
them. 



TORRANCE, Francis J., 

Man of Affairs. 

It would, perhaps, be impossible to find 
throughout the length and breadth of 
Western Pennsylvania a man who pos- 
sessed in larger measure, or in more per- 
fect balance, the qualifications necessary 
for success in a city like Pittsburgh, a city 
which is more than a city, which can be 
described only as an industrial cyclone, 
than does Francis J. Torrance, first vice- 
president and chairman of the executive 
board of the Standard Sanitary Manufac- 
turing Company of Pittsburgh and its 
subsidiary companies of the United 
States. 

Francis J. Torrance was born June 27, 
1859, in Allegheny, Pennsylvania, son of 
Francis and Jane (Waddell) Torrance. 
He received his elementary education in 
the public schools of his native city, grad- 
uating from the Third Ward School in 
1874. Later he took a course at Newell 
Institute, finishing his education at the 
Western University. He entered his 
business life in 1875, as clerk in the 



147 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



employ of the Standard Manufactur- 
ing Company, and subsequently be- 
came it treasurer and general man- 
ager. When the Standard Manufac- 
turing Company merged into the Stand- 
ard Sanitary Manufacturing Company, 
with nine other concerns in a similar line 
of business, Mr. Torrance was elected a 
director and subsequently made first vice- 
president and chairman of the executive 
committee. The concern has a capital of 
fifteen million dollars, and is, by far, the 
largest producer of plumbing and sani- 
tary goods in the world. Its principal 
factories are at Pittsburgh, Pennnylvania ; 
Louisville, Kentucky ; New Brighton, 
Pennsylvania ; Kokomo, Indiana ; Tiffin, 
Ohio; and Toronto, Canada. It has 
branch houses, warehouses and offices in 
every prominent city in the United States, 
and in addition to this in many foreign 
countries. Mr. Torrance's business life 
is centered in the Standard Company and 
its various interests and subsidiaries. 

In no way has Mr. Torrance more con- 
vincingly proved his ability as a com- 
mander of men than in his treatment of 
his employees. Never regarding them 
merely as parts of a great machine, he 
recognized their individuality, and noth- 
ing gives him greater pleasure than to 
reward with speedy promotion their 
worth and ability. Moreover, he has the 
rare faculty of inspiring them with his 
own enthusiasm, and he receives from 
them an unstinted measure of most loyal 
service. Were this type more common 
we should soon cease to hear of the con- 
troversy between capital and labor. A 
fine-looking, genial man whose counte- 
nance radiates an optimistic spirit, Mr. 
Torrance carries with him the suggestion 
of intense vitality and alertness, and the 
briefest talk with him reveals his ability, 
the versatility of his talents and his rare 
gifts for managing large and intricate 
business enterprises. 



A Republican in politics, Mr. Torrance 
represented his congressional district in 
the Minneapolis convention which nom- 
inated Benjamin Harrison for president, 
and he was a delegate-at-large from Penn- 
sylvania to the National convention at 
St. Louis which nominated William Mc- 
Kinley, of whom he was a warm personal 
friend. He was chairman of the Repub- 
lican city committee of Allegheny until 
the merger of the two cities — Allegheny 
and Pittsburgh. In 1894 Mr. Torrance 
was appointed by Governor Hastings 
commissioner of public charities, and was 
unanimously elected president of its board 
on February 14, 1902, which office he still 
holds. This board has control of all insti- 
tutions in Pennsylvania classed as crim- 
inal, penal, correctional and charitable. 
Mr. Torrance has been delegate-at-large 
to many of its conventions. 

Mr. Torrance is prominently identified 
with the religious and social interests of 
the country. He is trustee of the San- 
dusky Street Baptist Church ; trustee of 
Bucknell College; trustee of Western 
Pennsylvania Classical and Scientific In- 
stitute, at Mt. Pleasant. In club life he 
is connected with the Duquesne, Pitts- 
burgh Athletic, Union, Pittsburgh Coun- 
try, all of Pittsburgh ; New York Club of 
New York; Fulton Club of New York; 
Pennsylvania Society of New York, and 
numerous others. He has also been a 
member of the Chamber of Commerce of 
Pittsburgh for many years. Mr. Tor- 
rance, now in the prime of a vigorous 
manhood, looks in every particular the 
aggressive business man which the world 
knows him to be. His piercing eye and 
deeply thoughtful expression show strong 
reasoning powers and penetrating insight 
into human nature, while his resolute 
bearing and springing step are indicative 
of firmness of purpose and promptness 
in execution. 

Mr. Torrance married, November 6, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



1884, Alary Rachel, daughter of David 
and Lydia (Griffith) Dibert, of Johns- 
town, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Torrance is 
one of those rare women who combine 
with perfect womanliness and domestic- 
ity an unerring judgment, traits of the 
greatest value to her husband to whom 
she is not alone a charming companion, 
but a confidant and adviser. Mrs. Tor- 
rance is active in social, religious, charit- 
able and club circles of Pittsburgh. 
Their only child is Jane, who became the 
wife of Horace F. Baker. Mr. Torrance 
is a man of strong domestic affections, 
and the Torrance home on the Northside 
is the seat of a gracious hospitality. 

A man of action, rather than words, of 
remarkable business talents and untiring 
energy, Mr. Torrance demonstrates his 
public spirit by actual achievements that 
advance the prosperity and wealth of the 
community. Whatever is undertaken by 
him he gives to it his whole soul and lets 
none of the many interests intrusted to 
his care suffer for want of close and able 
attention and industry. Such men are 
indeed rare, and an honor to the commun- 
ity in which they reside. 



NEALE, Henry Marion, M. D., 

Authority on Tuberculosis. 

Dr. Henry Marion Neale, of Upper Le- 
high, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, is 
one of the most prominent figures in his 
profession in the State, and is well known 
in medical circles throughout the coun- 
try. He is at once extremely successful 
in his practice, there being fevy physicians 
in this region who rival him in popular- 
ity and the trust reposed in him by the 
community, and he is also a writer of 
authority on various branches of medical 
science, and a profound student of the 
entire subject, whose name is known in 
this connection as one of the men whose 



labors are forming the growth of medical 
history to-day. On the paternal side of 
the house, Dr. Neale is of Irish descent, 
his grandfather having been born in 
County Antrim, Ireland. His grand- 
father, Jeremiah Alban Neale, who mar- 
ried Ann Fuller, of Windsor, Connecti- 
cut, came to this country in the prime of 
manhood and settled first in New Haven, 
Connecticut, where he lived for a number 
of years. Dr. Neale's father, Martin Hub- 
bell Neale was born in Southington, Con- 
necticut, in 1820, but shortly after, his 
parents moved to New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, where they made their permanent 
home. The father was connected with 
railroad building in that part of the coun- 
try, and for a number of years was em- 
ployed as a construction master by the 
New York, New Haven & Hartford 
Railroad Company. He was eventually 
injured in a wreck at New London, Con- 
necticut, and thereafter lived in retire- 
ment at Southington in that State. 
Martin Hubbell Neale married, at New 
Haven, Martha Hitchcock, a native of 
Plymouth, Connecticut, and connected 
with many of the oldest and most dis- 
tinguished New England families. 

Born July 27, 1858, at New Haven, 
Connecticut, Henry Marion Neale was 
educated at the local schools of Southing- 
ton, whither his father had gone to live 
after his accident, and afterwards at 
Lewis Academy, and also took special 
courses under Professor F. A. Brackett, 
of Hartford, Connecticut. He had deter- 
mined to adopt medicine as his profes- 
sion at an early age, and with this end in 
view matriculated at the famous Jefferson 
Medical College at Philadelphia. After 
the usual course, in which he proved him- 
self a capable and industrious student, he 
was graduated from this institution with 
the class of 1880 winning his degree. Im- 
mediately after this event he went to the 



149 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Blockley Hospital at Philadelphia, and 
became a member of its staff. He re- 
mained for a year as an interne there, and 
then received an appointment as physi- 
cian and surgeon on the famous old 
steamer the "Indiana," a vessel of the 
American Line plying between Liverpool 
and Philadelphia. In this position he 
made an excellent reputation for himself 
and continued in his seafaring life for one 
year. During one of his trips across the 
Atlantic he made the acquaintance of Dr. 
T. J. Mays, of Upper Lehigh, Pennsyl- 
vania, and this chance meeting was the 
original cause of his coming to this place. 
The two men formed a warm friendship 
with one another, and a little later Dr. 
Mays asked the young man to become his 
assistant in caring for the large practice 
he had built up in this section. Dr. Neale 
did not find it difficult to make up his 
mind, but promptly closed with the offer, 
and the year 1883 saw him securely estab- 
lished at Upper Lehigh. The following 
year Dr. Mays removed from this place 
to another part of the country, and Dr. 
Neale fell heir to his successful practice. 
From that time to the present he has con- 
tinued very active here, and in the interim 
has gained a reputation for ability and a 
strict adherence to the highest ethics of 
the profession second to none. Besides 
his purely private practice, Dr. Neale has 
formed many important affiliations with 
the large medical institutions hereabouts 
and serves his fellows as a physician in a 
number of capacities. He is a member of 
the board of trustees of the Pennsylvania 
State Hospital at Hazleton, a responsible 
post that he has held since 1890, and is at 
the present time vice-president of that 
body. He is senior attending physician 
to the White Haven (Pennsylvania) San- 
itarium for Consumptives, and has made 
a profound study of that dread disease 
Another post held by him is that of com- 



pensation surgeon to all the mines in the 
lower portion of Luzerne county. In the 
year 1912 he was honored by the appoint- 
ment by the United States Government to 
be one of the delegates of ten physicians 
sent by it to the Seventh International 
Medical Congress held at Rome, Italy, for 
the purpose of studying tuberculosis and 
taking measures to prevent its spread. 
Dr. Neale is a public-spirited man and has 
always taken a keen interest in the gen- 
eral well-being of his colleagues in the 
medical profession, so that it is not sur- 
prising that he is very active in the work 
of the several medical societies in this 
region. He is a member of the Luzerne 
County Medical Society and served as its 
president for a number of years ; of the 
Lehigh Valley Medical Society; the 
Pennsylvania State Medical Society, of 
which he has been vice-president ; and 
of the American Medical Association. 

It has already been mentioned that Dr. 
Neale has made a special study of the 
subject of tuberculosis, a fact which made 
his selection as a member of the American 
representatives to the European Congress 
particularly appropriate, but it remains to 
be said that he is an important contribu- 
tor to the literature upon this highly im- 
portant subject. He has, indeed, contri- 
buted many articles to the various medi- 
cal journals in the country and abroad, 
and addressed many professional gather- 
ings upon this subject and upon a num- 
ber of others covering a wide range of 
the science of medicine. His conserva- 
tism lends authority to the progress in the 
profession for which he stands, and few 
of the statements, or even beliefs, of this 
trenchant observer are questioned. Dr. 
Neale is at the present time serving his 
country as chairman of the Exemption 
Board, Division No. 10, Luzerne county, 
Pennsylvania. His clubs are the Clover 
of Philadelphia, the Westmoreland of 



150 




^O^^CXtSv^L 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Wilkes-Barre, Medical Club, Philadel- 
phia, and American Association for the 
Advancement of Science. 

Dr. Neale was united in marriage, 
March 5, 1885, with Ada Leisenring, a 
native of Upper Lehigh, and a daughter 
of Walter and Mary Ann Price (Kem- 
merer) Leisenring, old and highly re- 
spected residents of this place. Three 
children have been born to them as fol- 
lows : Mahlon Kemmerer, Joseph Haw- 
ley, and Gertrude Leisenring. 



MARSHALL, George V., 

Business Man, Civil War Veteran. 

The late George V. Marshall, for many 
years head of the old-established firm of 
Marshall Brothers, was one of those 
Pittsburghers identified with the mo- 
mentous period which began with the 
Civil War and may be said to have ended 
with the tremendous era of the present 
World War. As business man, soldier 
and citizen, Mr. Marshall's example was 
ever in accordance with the highest 
standards of integrity and patriotism. 

George V. Marshall was born Novem- 
ber 22, 1845, m Pittsburgh, and was a 
son of John and Ann (Vardy) Marshall. 
He was a representative of an English 
family which, for many generations, had 
been owners of coal lands near New- 
castle-on-Tyne. When he was but three 
years old death deprived him of his 
mother, and he was adopted by his uncle, 
Joseph Marshall, who saw that the boy 
received a good education in the public 
schools of his native city. Then came 
the Civil War with its trumpet-call to all 
loyal citizens and especially to the youth 
of those States which had not repudiated 
their allegiance to the Union. In Au- 
gust, 1861, George V. Marshall, who had 
not then completed his sixteenth year, 
enlisted in Hampton Battery F, Inde- 



pendent Pennsylvania Light Artillery, 
thus entering upon a course of service 
which ended only with the surrender at 
Appomattox. When the army was dis- 
banded an honorable discharge marked 
the close of his gallant career as a de- 
fender of the Union. 

Without delay the young soldier re- 
turned to Pittsburgh and associated him- 
self with the firm of Marshall Brothers, 
the leadership of which was then vested 
in his uncle, Joseph Marshall. The 
house, which was engaged in the general 
machine business, had been founded in 
1818 and had already nearly completed 
the first half-century of its existence. 
George V. Marshall soon proved that 
he had in him the makings of a business 
man, as well as those qualities essential 
to a good soldier, and as the years went 
on he became a dominant factor in the 
conduct of the notable concern with 
which he was identified. In the course of 
time he became head of the firm, and to 
his far-sighted, able management, which 
combined in due proportion conservatism 
and aggressiveness, the continued main- 
tenance and development of the business 
was largely to be attributed. Mr. Mar- 
shall remained to the close of his life 
head of this old and distinguished firm 
which, in the progress of events, engaged 
in the building of elevators, this branch 
of industry gradually becoming its chief 
occupation and principal reliance. 

In Grand Army affairs, Mr. Marshall, 
as long as he lived, took the keenest 
interest, remaining an active member of 
the Union Veteran Legion, a member of 
the Society of the Army of the Potomac. 
He also affiliated with the Masonic fra- 
ternity, holding membership in Pitts- 
burgh Commandery, No. 1, Knights 
Templar. Endowed with all the quali- 
ties which win and hold friends he was 
all his life both honored and beloved. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



His face reflected his kind, true heart and 
earnest nature, and his bearing always 
retained traces of the military experience 
of his youthful days. 

Mr. Marshall married, February 5, 
1874, Emma, daughter of the late Caleb 
and Margaret W. (Skelton) Lee (a biog- 
raphy and portrait of the late Caleb Lee 
appears on another page of this work), and 
they became the parents of the following 
children : Lee H. ; Vardy M., wife of 
Russell B. Armor; Margaret M., wife 
of Charles L. Hamilton ; and Elizabeth 
M., wife of William L. Rowe. Devotion 
to wife and children was the ruling 
motive of Mr. Marshall's life, and never 
was he so happy as at his own fireside 
where the presiding genius was a woman 
who combined with rare charms of mind 
and manner the endowments of a perfect 
home-maker. 

To this good and brave man was 
granted the privilege of exceeding the 
traditional three score and ten years, and 
on May 6, 1918, he passed away, rich in 
the respect and affection of his entire 
community. All were sensible of a va- 
cancy in the world of business and of the 
severance of another of the links which 
connect the present time with the heroic 
age of the Civil War. Singularly well- 
rounded and complete was his life. In 
youth, serving his country in the field, 
and throughout the long period of his 
maturer years doing the work of peace 
and helping to build up one of our great 
industries. He was a true man and has 
left an example which should inspire 
those who come after him. 



BLATCH, Thomas G., 

Consulting Engineer. 

Thomas G. Blatch, who for more than 
forty-five years has practiced as a con- 
sulting engineer at Hazleton, Pennsyl- 



vania, and who is one of the best known 
and most influential citizens of this place, 
is of English birth and parentage, al- 
though most of his life has been passed 
in the country of his adoption. His 
career as an engineer has been exceed- 
ingly successful in a community where 
merit is the key to success, and he has 
gained for himself in an unusual degree 
the esteem and respect of his fellow citi- 
zens by his public spirit and his unsel- 
fish participation in the life of the place. 
Mr. Blatch is a son of James and Eliza 
Ann (Goater) Blatch, the former a native 
of Winterburn, England, where he was 
born early in the century just passed. 
Most of the life of the elder Mr. Blatch 
was spent in the city of Southampton, 
England, where he was engaged in busi- 
ness as a wholesale wine merchant. He 
was very successful in his business which 
had connections in many different parts 
of the world, and was also prominent in 
municipal affairs, being a member of the 
Board of Aldermen of Southampton and 
chairman of the board of trustees of Hart- 
ley Institute there. He married Eliza 
Ann Goater, and they were the parents 
of the following children : James, Eliza- 
beth, Mary, Thomas G., with whom we 
are here concerned; Annie, Benjamin, 
Margaret and Herbert. 

Born December 26, 1847, at South- 
ampton, England, Thomas G. Blatch 
spent his childhood and early youth in 
his native place. His early studies were 
conducted under the direction of a pri- 
vate tutor in mineralogy and he graduated 
under his instruction. He was previously 
apprenticed to Thomas Somers, of the 
firm of Day & Somers, of Southampton, 
world-wide known marine engineers, and 
he there gained much valuable experi- 
ence and a knowledge of the engineering 
profession which he was afterwards to 
follow so successfully. In the year 1872, 



152 




fffa>7rt(a fffijafcAJ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



when he was twenty-six years of age, Mr. 
Blatch came to the United States, and 
for a short time was employed in various 
engineering offices of New York City, 
Philadelphia and Baltimore, but in the 
latter part of the same year came to 
Hazleton, Pennsylvania, and settled per- 
manently here. He found employment 
as a draughtsman in the office of the Le- 
high Valley Railroad Company and 
remained with that concern for some 
seventeen years. During this period Mr. 
Blatch made himself familiar with all 
the engineering problems of the region, 
and also studied steadily the theory and 
practice of this profession, so that by the 
time it was completed he was an expert 
in his line. He had for some time con- 
templated the scheme of engaging in the 
practice of engineering on his own 
account, and now, finding the opportunity 
open to him, he opened an office as con- 
sulting engineer in this town and has 
continued to practice ever since. His 
skill and energy rapidly drew the atten- 
tion of many large interests to him, and 
he became affiliated with a number of 
corporations in various capacities. Mr. 
Blatch was one of the promoters of the 
New Hazleton Iron Works, and when 
that large concern was successfully 
launched, became its superintendent. Un- 
der his skillful direction it has become one 
of the prominent industrial concerns of 
this region. He was superintendent and 
director and secretary of the Anthracite 
Separator Company ; president of the 
Bangor Slate Company of Bangor, Penn- 
sylvania ; consulting engineer of the 
Minersville Iron Works of Minersville, 
Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, and su- 
perintendent of the Hazleton Steam Heat- 
ing Works. These and other connec- 
tions naturally gave Mr. Blatch a wide 
prestige in the engineering and industrial 
worlds and he was, without doubt, one of 



the most influential figures in the district. 
Some years since, Mr. Blatch retired from 
active participation in these important 
interests, yet even to-day his opinion is 
valued and his counsel sought in matters 
concerning engineering problems of all 
kinds. In addition to his great special 
knowledge of engineering, Mr. Blatch is 
gifted with an unusual degree of inven- 
tive genius and has produced and patented 
a number of important devices. One of 
these of great importance is a type of 
rotary engine worked by gravity, while 
another is an automobile brake now in 
extensive use. He has always been 
keenly interested in the development of 
motor transportation and a great believer 
in its future, and is the possessor of one 
of the first automobiles used in this 
region. 

Thomas G. Blatch was united in mar- 
riage, July 4, 1874, with Lizzie Somers, 
of Southampton, England, a daughter of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Somers) Som- 
ers, old and highly respected residents of 
that city. Mrs. Blatch died in the year 
1878, leaving her husband with two chil- 
dren, as follows: 1. Mary Allison, born 
March 14, 1876, became the wife of Hor- 
ace P. Gorman, an electrical engineer of 
Hazleton and New York City; Mr. and 
Mrs. Gorman are the parents of one son, 
Thomas Edward Gorman. 2. Francis 
Herbert, born April 3, 1878, married Ellen 
Piatt, daughter of Ario Pardee Piatt, by 
whom he has had two children, Mary 
Elizabeth and Frances Ellen Blatch. 



LUTHER, John Milton, M. D., 
Physician. 

Among the prominent young surgeons 
of Pittsburgh who have met with marked 
success in the practice of their profession, 
is Dr. John Milton Luther, a member of 



[53 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



an old and well-known family of Western 
Pennsylvania. 

David Johnston Luther, great-grand- 
father of Dr. John M. Luther, was an 
early settler in Western Pennsylvania, 
having located in Westmoreland county 
at an early date, where he followed farm- 
ing until his death. He married Sarah 
Cochrane Mencher, and they were the 
parents of the following children : John, 

died in infancy; Sarah, married 

Love ; Agnes, married Halferty ; 

Isabel, died in young womanhood ; Han- 
nah, married Huston ; Jane, mar- 
ried Bennett ; Finley ; George, 

died in boyhood ; James, of whom fur- 
ther; Katharine, died in girlhood; David, 
died in boyhood. The Luther family were 
members of the Presbyterian church, and 
took a prominent part in local church 
affairs. 

James Luther, son of David Johnston 
and Sarah Cochrane (Mencher) Luther, 
was born in Fairfield township, West- 
moreland county, Pennsylvania. He was 
reared on his father's farm and also be- 
came a farmer, having cleared fifty acres 
of land upon which he built a cabin. He 
married Nancy Worthington, a native of 
Kentucky, and reared a family of thirteen 
children, of whom Joseph Garver was 
one. 

Joseph Garver Luther, son of James 
and Nancy (Worthington) Luther, was 
born in Fairfield township, Westmoreland 
county, Pennsylvania, February 3, 184.1. 
He received his education in the public 
schools of his native county and also a 
select school which he attended for two 
terms. In 1859 he commenced to learn 
the carpenter trade, and worked as jour- 
neyman for ten years before going into 
business for himself, and was also in the 
undertaking business for forty years. In 
1879 he built a planing mill, and in 1884 
a flouring mill, operating the latter for ten 



years when he sold it and bought a farm. 
In connection with his farming he made 
a specialty of stock raising. 

During the Civil War Mr. Luther 
served nine months in Company F, the 
One Hundred and Thirty-fifth Regiment, 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, and three years 
in Company D, Fifth Heavy Artillery. 
He was first lieutenant and was also com- 
missioned a captain before the close of 
the war. For five months Mr. Luther was 
a prisoner in Libby Prison. In the Grand 
Army of the Republic he held the office 
of commander for many years. Always 
taking a keen interest in public and civic 
affairs, Mr. Luther served as a school 
director in Fairfield township for fifteen 
years, and was justice of the peace in the 
same township for nineteen years. He 
was a member of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows and the American Order 
of Mechanics. 

On April 13, 1869, at West Fairfield, 
Pennsylvania, Mr. Luther married Alice 
Mary Peoples, daughter of William and 
Margaret (Hill) Peoples, who was born 
February 22, 1852. His father-in-law, 
William Peoples, was a merchant and 
postmaster in West Fairfield for forty 
years, and also held the office of justice of 
the peace for thirty years. Joseph Gar- 
ver and Alice Mary (Peoples) Luther 
were the parents of thirteen children: 1. 
Margaret Morehead, born December 15, 
1869; educated in the public schools; 
married Charles Thompson Mabon. 2. 
James Burton, born July 19, 1871 ; edu- 
cated in the public schools and DufFs 
College ; now engaged in the undertaking 
business ; married (first) Susanne Brown, 
who died May 27, 1909; married (sec- 
ond) Eva C. Schumann, August 17, 1910. 
3. Cora Eva, born July 20, 1873 ; edu- 
cated in the public schools; married Rob- 
ert Loomis Hamilton, June 16, 1898. 4. 
Nancy Worthington, born June 14, 1875 ; 




*^Lp^0-tz<^ ri £z$-i^L^<* 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



married Samuel Huston, September 23, 
1896; died April 16, 1901. 5. William 
P., born June 25, 1877; was educated in 
the public schools ; engaged in farming ; 
married (first) February 22, 1904, Clara 
Neil Trimble, who died July 24, 1908 ; 
married (second) Bertha Rachel John- 
ston, July 6, 1912. 6. John Milton, of 
whom further. 7. Blanche Mabel, born 
June 2, 1881 ; was graduated from Blairs- 
ville College in 1896; died December 7, 
1898. 8. Samuel Craig, born January 11, 
1883, died March 1, 1883. 9. Harry Jo- 
seph, born February 25, 1884; educated 
in the public schools, high school, and 
was a student at Washington and Jeffer- 
son College for one year; engaged in 
chicken and stock business. 10. George 
Ernest, born June 8, 1885, died September 
4, 1885. 11. Mary Elizabeth, born July 
20, 1886, died February 24, 1889. 12. 
Grace Alma, born March 20, 1891 ; mar- 
ried Charles S. Gardner. 13. Paul How- 
ard, born July 29, 1894, died August 26, 
1894. Mr. Luther was a member of the 
Presbyterian church. His death occurred 
November 14, 1914, at West Fairfield, 
Pennsylvania. 

Dr. John Milton Luther, son of Joseph 
Garver and Alice Mary (Peoples) Luther, 
was born in West Fairfield, Westmore- 
land county, Pennsylvania, July 16, 1879. 
He received his early education in the 
public schools of that section, later 
attending the Du Bois High School and 
Washington and Jefferson Academy, after 
which he entered Washington and Jef- 
ferson College, from which institution he 
was graduated in 1903, receiving the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. For one 
year after he left college Dr. Luther was 
engaged in the insurance business, but 
deciding to become a physician, he entered 
the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania and was graduated in 
1908, receiving his degree of Doctor of 



Medicine. After a year spent in Passa- 
vant Hospital, Pittsburgh, as interne, Dr. 
Luther commenced the practice of gen- 
eral surgery in Pittsburgh, also did the 
work of a general practitioner in medicine 
for a short time, but he has confined him- 
self entirely to the practice of surgery for 
some years, in which profession he has won 
deserved success. Dr. Luther is a member 
of the Allegheny County Medical Society 
and the Pennsylvania State Medical As- 
sociation. He is also a member of the 
Masonic Lodge, is a Knights Templar, 
member of Port Pitt Lodge, No. 634, 
Pittsburgh Chapter, No. 268, Royal Arch 
Masons, and Duquesne Commandery. 

On October 15, 1908, Dr. Luther mar- 
ried Carrie Irene, daughter of William 
Brown and Alice (Larned) Bennett, of 
Pittsburgh. They have two children : 
Alice Marie, born July 21, 1909; Jane 
Elizabeth, born March 9, 1915. In poli- 
tics Dr. Luther is a Republican, and he 
is a member of the United Presbyterian 
church. Both Dr. and Mrs. Luther are 
members of the Order of the Eastern 
Star, Liberty Chapter. 



YOUNG, Lazarus R., 

Merchant. 

Preeminently a self-made man starting 
in life with few advantages, the life of 
Lazarus R. Young, of Plymouth, is a 
shining example of what an ambitious, 
clean living man accomplishes if pos- 
sessed of those qualities, strong will, 
tenacity of purpose, honesty, and indus- 
try. He not only won fortune and busi- 
ness prominence but he won the respect 
and esteem of the community in which 
he was born, lived and died. While he 
began wage-earning life as a slate picker, 
he did not remain long at the mines, mer- 
cantile life making a much stronger 
appeal to him. He was twenty-six years 



155 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of age when he attained the dignity of a 
merchant, and twenty-eight when his own 
name went up as sole owner and pro- 
prietor of a general store in Plymouth, 
Pennsylvania, his home town. That was 
June 27, 1889, the place, No. 335 West 
Main street. For twenty-nine years he 
continued a general merchant at the same 
location, and there was never a time in 
that period when he was not a successful, 
prosperous merchant. He builded upon 
the sure foundation of integrity and 
honor, and with increase in business de- 
veloped strong business qualities which, 
coupled with industry, brought him great 
reward. He continued the active head of 
the business he founded and developed 
until incapacitated by a stroke of paraly- 
sis, which preceded by about two weeks 
a second and fatal attack. He was little 
more than in life's prime, and his passing 
away was deeply regretted by a very 
wide circle of friends and acquaintances. 
He was a son of Charles E. and Frances 
(Gabriel) Young, of whose children four 
yet survive : Clayton Young, of Ply- 
mouth, Pennsylvania; Mrs. Mary Lowe, 
of Huntington Mills, Pennsylvania; Mrs. 
Frank Connor, of Sayre, Pennsylvania, 
and Mrs. Susan Garrahan, of Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania. 

(I) Mr. Young was a grandson of 
Charles Young, who came to Pennsyl- 
vania from Germany, settled in the fertile 
Cumberland valley of Pennsylvania, in 
Franklin county, and there passed his 
life. He married Susan Madiera, of a 
prominent Pennsylvania family of Dutch 
ancestry, and they reared a family, in- 
cluding a son, Charles E. Young, father 
of Lazarus R. Young, to whose memory 
this tribute of respect is dedicated. 

(II) Charles E. Young, son of Charles 
and Susan (Madiera) Young, was born in 
Chambersburg, the capital of Franklin 
county, Pennsylvania, February 24, 1803, 



and there spent his years of minority, his 
father's assistant, there also obtaining 
such education as the district schools 
could bestow. On arriving at legal age 
he left home and located in Plymouth, 
Luzerne county, where he was employed 
in the mines. Later he took a contract 
for building a section of the Nanticoke 
canal, and after canal and dam were fin- 
ished he ran a canal boat until retiring 
from all active labor. He died in 1874. 
Charles E. Young married, December 24, 
1838, Frances Gabriel, born in Plymouth, 
who survived him until September 25, 
1900, a daughter of Henry and Edith 
(Van Loon) Gabriel, her father born in 
Connecticut, her mother in Pennsylvania. 
Mr. and Mrs. Charles E. Young were the 
parents of eight children: Oscar, who 
moved to Indiana; Susan E., married 
Peter H. Garrahan, of Wilkes-Barre ; 
Emma, married John Hutchinson, of Zen- 
orsville, Iowa ; Mary, married W. Howe, 
of Plymouth ; John C, a mine foreman of 
Plymouth ; Frances H., married William 
Connor, of Wilkes-Barre ; Lazarus D., 
who died young; Lazarus R., of further 
mention. 

(Ill) Lazarus R. Young, son of Charles 
E. and Frances (Gabriel) Young, was 
born in Plymouth, Pennsylvania, Novem- 
ber 10, 1861, died in the town of his birth 
November 11, 1918. He attended the 
public schools, but left when old enough 
to become a "breaker boy," and hence- 
forth his education was such as he gained 
by self study, experience and reading. In 
that way, however, he acquired a wide 
fund of information, and was a very well 
informed man. After leaving Washing- 
ton Breaker No. 1, the lad, Lazarus, 
obtained a position in the Turner Broth- 
ers' general store, where he remained 
until August, 1879, when he entered the 
employ of Harvey Yeager. Harvey Yea- 
ger was succeeded by his brother, Darius 



156 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Yeager, in April, 1886, Mr. Young con- 
tinuing with the latter until March 21, 
1887, when he embarked in business at 
No. 450 West Main street, Plymouth, 
having as a partner his brother-in-law, 
P. H. Garrahan, of Wilkes-Barre, under 
the firm name, L. R. Young & Company. 
That partnership existed until June 27, 
1889, when Mr. Young bought his part- 
ner's interest and removed to No. 353 
West Main street, where he scored an 
instant and continuous success as a gen- 
eral merchant. In politics Mr. Young was 
a Republican, and in religious faith a 
member of the Disciples of Christ, better 
known as the "Christian Church," and 
trustee of the same. He was a member 
of Plymouth Lodge, Free and Accepted 
Masons, the Knights of Pythias, and an 
active member of Volunteer Fire Com- 
pany No. 1. He made his business, how- 
ever, his chief concern, and nothing ever 
diverted him from its vigorous prosecu- 
tion. He richly deserved the success he 
won, and in its winning no man was 
wronged. 

Mr. Young married, August 28, 1881, 
Pauline A. Prudhoe, of Revolutionary 
descent, one of her Ross ancestors giving 
up his life in the Wyoming massacre. 
Mrs. Young is a daughter of William L. 
and Mary (Ross) Prudhoe, both deceased, 
her father born in England, her mother 
in Pennsylvania. Mr. and Mrs, Prudhoe 
are the parents of : Joseph W., Lauretta, 
Pauline A., widow of Lazarus R. Young ; 
Jesse B., deceased ; Ida May, deceased ; 
James L., Jennie, George, deceased; and 
William, deceased. 



MORRIS, John Thompson, 
Philanthropist, Puhlic-Spirited Citizen. 

Some men there are of natures so large 
and talents so versatile as to render it 
impossible to describe them in a single 



sentence, unless it be this: "He was an 
all-around man." Such a man was the 
late John T. Morris, able, aggressive busi- 
ness man and financier. 

(I) Anthony Morris, founder of the 
American branch of the Morris family, 
was born in Old Gravel Lane, Stepney, 
London, England, August 23, 1654. He 
was the son of Anthony Morris, mariner, 
of Welsh origin, who at the date of birth 
of his son Anthony was residing in Old 
Gravel Lane, Stepney, but later removed 
to Barbadoes, and was lost at sea when 
on his return voyage in 1655 or 1656. He 
was born about the year 1630, and prob- 
ably was a son of another Anthony Mor- 
ris, of Reading, Berkshire, born about 
1600. He married Elizabeth Senior, who 
soon after her husband's death made a 
voyage to Barbadoes, in connection with 
the settlement of his estate, and died there 
in 1660, when her only child, Anthony 
Morris, first above mentioned, was aged 
six years. 

Anthony Morris spent his boyhood 
days in the city of London, and prior to 
arriving at his majority united himself 
with the Society of Friends, becoming a 
member of Savoy Meeting, in the Strand, 
which was connected with the Westmins- 
ter Monthly Meeting. On i2mo. (Febru- 
ary) 2, 1675-76, he declared intentions 
of marriage with Mary Jones, belonging 
to the same Meeting, and they were mar- 
ried, imo. (March) 30, 1676. They con- 
tinued to reside in London until near the 
close of the year 1682, and four children 
were born to them there, Susanna, Mary, 
and two who were named for the father, 
all of whom died there except the last. 
On 8mo. (October) 4, 1682, they laid 
before the Meeting at Savoy their inten- 
tions of removing themselves to America, 
and asked for a certificate to Friends' 
Meeting at Burlington, "New West Jer- 
sie." The certificate was granted on omo. 



157 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(November) i, 1682, and they embarked 
for the Delaware river, where they 
arrived in the later part of February, 
1682-83, and took up their home in Bur- 
lington. Anthony Morris purchased two 
hundred and fifty acres in Burlington 
county, fronting on the Delaware, two 
miles below the town, and also owned 
several town lots. In the latter part of 
1685, or early in 1686, he removed to 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and began 
his successful career as a merchant. 
Three more children were born by his 
first wife to him in America : John, in 
Burlington, 2mo. 17, 1685; Samuel and 
James, in Philadelphia. His first wife died 
in Philadelphia, 8mo. (October) 3, 1688, 
and he married (second) at Philadelphia 
Monthly Meeting, 8mo. (October) 28, 
1689, Agnes, widow of Cornelius Bom, 
who had been married three times previ- 
ously. She died 5mo. (July) 26, 1692, 
and he married (third) at Newport, 
Rhode Island, 11 mo. (January) 18, 1693- 
94, Mary, widow of Thomas Coddington, 
son of Governor William Coddington, of 
Rhode Island, and daughter of John 
Howard, formerly of Yorkshire, Eng- 
land. Anthony Morris early became 
identified with the affairs of the embryo 
city of Philadelphia, and on its incorpora- 
tion, 3mo., 20, 1691, was named in the 
charter as one of the first aldermen. On 
September 6, 1692, he was commissioned 
justice of the Courts of Common Pleas 
and Quarter Sessions of the Peace, and 
Orphans' Court. On February 10, 1697- 
98, he was one of the applicants for the 
charter of the public school, and was 
afterward named in the charter as one of 
the first Board of Overseers. When the 
new charter was granted in 171 1, he was 
named as one of the overseers, and the 
family has been represented on the board 
for many generations. He was elected a 
member of the Provincial Council in 1695, 



and reelected in 1696. He was named 
as one of the original Board of Aldermen 
in city charter of 1701, and October 5, 
1703, was elected mayor, serving one 
year. He was elected to Colonial Assem- 
bly, May 10, 1698, and served until Octo- 
ber 1, 1704. He was closely associated 
in business and official circles with his 
brother-in-law, Edward Shippen, who had 
married Rebecca, widow of Francis Rich- 
ardson, formerly Rebecca Howard, a sis- 
ter of Anthony Morris' third wife, Mary 
(Howard) Coddington. In 1687 An- 
thony Morris established a brewery in 
Philadelphia, and he and his descendants 
carried on the brewing business on an 
extensive scale for many years. Anthony 
Morris was a preacher among Friends 
and traveled extensively in the ministry 
in New England and other parts of the 
colonies, and also visited the Meeting in 
London, where he first became a mem- 
ber. He died of apoplexy, October 23, 
1721. His third wife died September 25, 

1699, and he married (fourth) October 30, 

1700, Elizabeth, daughter of Luke and 
Sarah Watson. 

(II) Anthony (2) Morris, eldest son 
of Anthony (1) and Mary (Jones) Mor- 
ris, born in London, England, March 15, 
1681-82, came to New Jersey with his par- 
ents when less than a year old, and re- 
moved with them to Philadelphia (where 
he was destined to take an important 
part in city and Colonial affairs) at the 
age of four years. At the age of four- 
teen years, according to the custom of 
the times, he was apprenticed to Henry 
Badcock and Mary, his wife, to learn the 
brewing business. Under the terms of 
his indenture he was to serve seven years 
from February 29, 1695-96. Soon after 
attaining his majority he became asso- 
ciated with his father in the brewing busi- 
ness, and continued to carry on that busi- 
ness, probably during his entire life, but 
58 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he early became interested in other busi- 
ness ventures, notably that of owner 
and proprietor of iron furnaces and forges 
in various parts of Pennsylvania and New 
Jersey. He was one of the founders of 
the Durham Iron Works in 1727, which 
commenced operations in the autumn of 
that year. He was one of the founders 
and owners of two-sixteenth shares of the 
Pool forge on Manatawny creek in Berks 
county, 1731, and also owned one-twelfth 
interest in a large furnace on Colebrook- 
dale on the Manatawny, which supplied 
the forge. On June 20, 1729, with Thomas 
Lambert, John Porterfield and James 
Trent, he founded a forge on the Assun- 
pink, at Trenton, New Jersey, which was 
probably supplied from the Durham fur- 
nace, in which both he and Trent held an 
interest. He also purchased at about the 
same date a tract of land on the Assun- 
pink, with the privilege of erecting corn 
mills, grist mills and saw mills. In 1724 
he became part owner of the mills, and a 
forge with four hundred acres of land, at 
Wells Ferry, now New Hope, Bucks 
county, and in 1736, with Benjamin 
Canby, who conducted a forge there for 
several years, was granted by proprie- 
taries' commissioners the privilege of a 
tract of land in the Manor Highlands, 
on the Delaware river, for erecting a 
storehouse and wharf below the ferry, 
with privilege of a road thereto, for con- 
venience of carrying flour and other 
goods and merchandise by water on the 
said river. He was one of the largest 
landowners in Pennsylvania, continuing 
until late in life, either alone or in asso- 
ciation with others, to purchase large 
tracts of land in different parts of the 
province. He was elected a member of 
Common Council of Philadelphia, Octo- 
ber 4, 1 71 5, but does not seem to have 
taken his seat until July 30, 1716; the 
term at that date was for life, and when 



he was elected by Council as an alder- 
man, September 29, 1726, he declined, 
preferring to retain his seat in Council. 
He was, however, again chosen, October 
2 > x 733> as alderman, and then accepted 
and served until elected mayor of the 
city, October 3, 1738, which latter posi- 
tion he filled for one year. He was com- 
missioned associate justice of the City 
Courts, October 2, 1733, and on his re- 
tirement from the mayoralty became jus- 
tice of the Orphans' Court. He was 
elected overseer of public schools, 3mo., 
18, 1725, and served in that capacity until 
his death, September 23, 1763. He was 
elected mayor a second time, October 6, 
1747, but not desiring to serve, absented 
himself from home, and after a vain 
attempt to find him, in which those 
charged with serving the notice upon him 
visited his iron works in Berks county, 
New Jersey, and elsewhere, in search of 
him, William Atwood was selected in his 
stead. In Colonial affairs he filled the 
same prominent position as in city affairs. 
He was elected to represent Philadelphia 
in Colonial Assembly in 1721, first taking 
his seat on October 14, 1721, a few days 
before the death of his honored father. 
Like his father, he at once took a prom- 
inent part in affairs of State. He was 
actively identified with the issue of paper 
currency, and was, March 23, 1723, named 
by Assembly as one of the signers of 
"Bills of Credit," as this early issue of 
paper money was designated. He was 
reelected to the Assembly for years 1722- 
23-24-25 and sat until the close of the 
session 6mo. 6, 1726. In endeavoring as 
an alderman and magistrate to suppress 
a riot in the streets of Philadelphia, dur- 
ing the exciting and bitter contest for 
election of members of Assembly in 1742, 
he was knocked down "and nearly mur- 
dered" as shown by numerous depositions 
presented at the next Assembly. He was 

159 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



a prominent member of the Society of 
Friends, and the old Mansion House on 
Second street, above Arch, where he and 
his family resided for many years, and 
where he died, was the scene of many 
notable gatherings of the elite of the city 
and colony with whom the family were 
prominently associated. Anthony Mor- 
ns married, in Philadelphia, 3010. (May) 
10, 1704, Phoebe, daughter of George and 
Alice (Bailyes) Guest, born 7mo. (Sep- 
tember) 28, 1685, died March 18, 1768. 

(Ill) Anthony (3) Morris, eldest son 
of Anthony (2) and Phoebe (Guest) Mor- 
ris, born in Philadelphia, February 14, 
1705-06, on arriving at manhood became 
associated with his father in the brewing 
business, to which the father, owing to 
the multiplicity of his business interests, 
was able to give but little attention. Be- 
coming interested in a business venture in 
the Barbadoes, he took a certificate from 
Philadelphia Monthly Meeting to the 
Monthly Meeting at Barbadoes, dated 
i2mo. (February) 28, 1728-29, and re- 
mained on the islands six months. Return- 
ing to Philadelphia, he again gave his 
attention to the brewing business, and 
became a partner with his father, Decem- 
ber 19, 1 74 1. He was a large land owner 
in Philadelphia and elsewhere, and like 
his father was actively associated with 
the business and official life of the city, 
and held a high place in the social life. 
He was a contributor to the Pennsylvania 
Hospital, 1 75 1, of which his brother Jo- 
seph was one of the original managers. 
He was from the first a champion of the 
Colonies against the oppressive meas- 
ures of the mother country, and a signer 
of the non-importation agreement, No- 
vember 7, 1765. He and his second wife, 
Elizabeth, took an active interest in 
benevolent and philanthropic work in 
the city, and were members of the Society 
of Friends. Anthony Morris died at his 



country seat "Peckham," in Southwark, 
October 2, 1780. He married (first) 
i2mo. 1730, Sarah, born June 29, 1713, 
daughter of Samuel Powell, a rich builder, 
by his wife, jAbigail (Wilcox) Powell. 
She died April 10, 1751, and he married 
(second) April 30, 1752, Elizabeth, born 
February 20, 1721-22, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Jane (Evans) Hudson, and 
granddaughter of William Hudson, mem- 
ber of Colonial Assembly, and mayor of 
Philadelphia, 1725-26, by his wife, Mary 
(Richardson) Hudson. Elizabeth Mor- 
ris survived her husband, dying May 23, 
I783- 

(IV) Captain Samuel Morris, eldest 
surviving son of Anthony (3) and Sarah 
(Powell) Morris, born in Philadelphia, 
June 24, 1734, usually referred to on the 
early records as Samuel Morris, Jr., to 
distinguish him from his uncle, Samuel 
Morris, Sr., both being members of the 
board of war during the Revolution, was 
one of the most prominent of this promi- 
nent family in public affairs. On Janu- 
ary 8, 1750, he was apprenticed to Isaac 
Greenleafe, merchant, to serve until he 
attained his majority, a period of four 
years, five months and two weeks. Mr. 
Greenleafe had married as his second 
wife, Catharine, daughter of Casper and 
Catharine (Jansen) Wistar, and through 
her their young apprentice was brought 
in close association with her sister, Re- 
becca Wistar, whom he married only a 
few months after the close of his appren- 
ticeship, December 11, 1755. 

Samuel Morris was an original member 
of the Colony in Schuylkill, in 1748, was 
elected its Governor in 1766, and served 
until his death. He was also a member of 
the "Society of Fort St. Davids," of which 
the membership was principally Welsh of 
the "Order of Ancient Britons." Samuel 
Morris was also one of the most ardent 
members of the Gloucester Fox-Hunting 



160 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Club, of which he was president from its 
organization until his death ; it was com- 
posed of the aristocratic youths of Phil- 
adelphia. It was from this organization 
that he organized, November 17, 1774, 
the Philadelphia Troop of Light Horse, 
of which he served many years as captain, 
and which rendered such efficient serv- 
ice in the early days of the Revolutionary 
War. Their first flag, presented to them 
by Captain Markoe, and still a prized 
possession of the troop, was the first 
known flag to contain thirteen stripes, 
and is thought to have suggested the 
adoption of the striped Union Flag at 
Cambridge, six months after the City 
Troop had escorted General George 
Washington, accompanied by Lee and 
Schuyler, to New York, when on his way 
to take command of the army at Cam- 
bridge, June 21, 1775. Captain Markoe 
had then resigned and Samuel Morris 
was unanimously elected as captain. Cap- 
tain Samuel Morris and his brother, 
Mauor Anthony Morris, were the most 
ardent of patriots from the time of the 
earliest protest, the signing of the Non- 
importation Resolutions, October 25, 1765, 
the latter being one of the delegates to 
the Provincial Convention of July 15, 
1774, eventually gave his life to the cause 
of liberty, being killed in the battle of 
Princeton, January 3, 1777. Samuel Mor- 
ris was selected a member of the first 
committee of Safety of the State, ap- 
pointed by Assembly, June 30, 1775, and 
when this body was merged into the 
Council of Safety, he was elected a mem- 
ber of that body, July 24, 1776, but 
declined, preferring to give his atten- 
tion to more active service. He was 
appointed by a resolve of the Committee 
of Safety, January 22, 1776, chairman of 
a committee to survey the Jersey shore 
of the Delaware from Billingsport to 
Newtown creek, to determine what 



posts it would be necessary to fortify 
against any attempted invasion of the 
enemy. He interested himself in the 
equipment of and organization of the 
army, and was energetic in completing 
the naval defenses of the city and block- 
ing the channel of the Delaware. When 
the Hessians embarked from Staten 
Island, October, 1776, the Council of 
Safety ordered that a letter be sent to 
"Samuel Morris junr. requesting him to 
send up the Ammunition Sloop and to 
supply himself with a shallop in her stead, 
to assist in making the Chevaux de Frize, 
at Billingsport." His City Troop was 
kept constantly drilled, and its services 
tendered to the Government at the break- 
ing out of hostilities, and it served as 
a bodyguard of General Washington 
through the campaign of 1776-77. In No- 
vember, 1776, several of the troop were 
at the headquarters at Morristown, New 
Jersey, and on report of General Howe's 
advance, the entire troop, under Captain 
Morris, joined General Washington at 
Trenton, December 3, 1776, and marched 
with him to Princeton, and covering his 
retreat, five days later, were the last to 
cross the Delaware into Pennsylvania. 
On Christmas night, 1776, they recrossed 
the Delaware in the storm and sleet and 
participated in the historic battle of Tren- 
ton, several members of the troop distin- 
guishing themselves by special acts of 
bravery, though this was the first time 
they had been under fire, in active service. 
On December 30, 1776, the troop again 
crossed the Delaware and marched with 
General Washington to Trenton, where 
was fought the battle of Assunpink 
Creek ; both of these battles being fought 
on land that had belonged for a half- 
century to the Morris family. When Gen- 
eral Washington decided to move off dur- 
ing the night to Princeton, it was the 
City Troop who were selected to keep up 



1G1 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the camp fires to divert suspicion from his 
movements and to follow him to Prince- 
ton, where they especially distinguished 
themselves, being at the front with Wash- 
ington when he drove the enemy over 
fields and fences. Here it was that Major 
Anthony Morris was killed in action. 
After the battle of Princeton, the troop 
remained in headquarters at Morristown, 
New Jersey, for about three weeks, and 
the campaign being over were honorably 
discharged, January 23, 1777, with the 
highest praise of General Washington, 
the letter of discharge being still in pos- 
session of the Morris family. This troop 
was the only cavalry in the Jersey cam- 
paign, and served entirely at their own 
expense. After its discharge it, however, 
maintained its organization, and with its 
valiant captain took part in the battle of 
Brandywine and Germantown, camped at 
Valley Forge and served in the operations 
around Philadelphia, until the evacuation 
of Philadelphia by the British in June, 
1778, and for the next two years was in 
the service of Congress and under State 
authority ; was again in Trenton in June, 
1780, but the enemy having left the State, 
returned to Philadelphia and again re- 
ceived the thanks of General Washing- 
ton. The troop again received his thanks 
for services during the Whiskey Insur- 
rection of 1794. The organization has 
been maintained to the present time, it 
being now known as "First Troop, Phil- 
adelphia City Cavalry." Captain Samuel 
Morris continued with General Washing- 
ton until the close of the Revolution, and 
was constantly employed as the bearer 
of confidential messages, and his troop 
was always held in readiness to perform 
special duty. Captain Morris was elected 
to the Provincial Assembly in 1776 and 
served in that body until February 21, 
1777; was again elected to the General 
Assembly of the Commonwealth in 1781- 



82-83. He possessed a strong but gentle 
personality, and was known as "Christian 
Sam." He died at his residence in Phil- 
adelphia, July 7, 1812. His wife, Rebecca 
(Wistar) Morris, had died January 22, 
1791. 

(V) Isaac Wistar Morris, sixth son of 
Captain Samuel and Rebecca (Wistar) 
Morris, born in Philadelphia, July 19, 
1770, on attaining his majority became a 
partner with his brother, Luke Morris, 
in the conduct of the brewery at Dock and 
Pear streets, but retired from business in 
1810, and lived a retired life in Philadel- 
phia until his death, May 18, 1831. He 
was a member of the company organized 
in 1789 to prosecute the enterprise of 
perfecting the Fitch steamboat. He mar- 
ried, at Philadelphia Meeting, i2mo. 17, 
1795, Sarah, born imo. 22, 1772, died 
iomo. 25, 1842, daughter of Isaac and Pa- 
tience (Mifflin) Paschall. 

(VI) Isaac Paschall Morris, son of 
Isaac Wistar and Sarah (Paschall) Mor- 
ris, was born at "Cedar Grove," July 24, 
1803. He was educated for a druggist, 
and in 1826, with Charles Ellis, pur- 
chased of Elizabeth Marshall the old 
Marshall drug establishment at No. 56 
Chestnut street, Philadelphia, established 
by her grandfather, Christopher Marshall, 
in 1740. The new firm of Ellis & Morris 
at once took front rank in the drug busi- 
ness in the city, but Isaac P. Morris found 
the business distasteful, and at the end of 
one year sold his interest to William Ellis 
and the firm of Charles Ellis & Son Com- 
pany continued the business. 

About 1827 Levi Morris established his 
. iron works at Schuylkill, Seventh and 
Market streets (now 16th and Market). 
He afterwards admitted to partnership 
his cousins, Isaac P. Morris and Joseph P. 
Morris, and the name became Levi Mor- 
ris & Company. Joseph P. Morris retired 
from the firm shortly after its commence- 
162 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ment. In 1834, Lewis Taws, who was 
very well known as a practical iron man, 
became a partner, and upon the retire- 
ment of Levi Morris, in 1841, the name 
changed to I. P. Morris & Company. In 
1847 the company removed from the old 
location to the works long known as the 
Port Richmond Iron Works. In the year 
1847, John J. Thompson became a part- 
ner, and in 1862 John H. Towne also 
was admitted, and the name changed to 
I. P. Morris, Towne & Cumpany. In 
1868 the name of I. P. Morris & Com- 
pany was resumed. In 1876 the firm 
incorporated, the name being I. P. Morris 
Company, with John T. Morris as presi- 
dent, which continued until July 1, 1891, 
when the stock was purchased by the 
Cramp Shipbuilding Company. From 
this establishment some of the finest 
machinery of the country, of the most 
advanced type of the times, has been 
turned out. 

In the management of the company apd 
throughout his life, Mr. Morris displayed 
and exercised that rare business ability 
and judgment that had characterized his 
family for many generations, and con- 
tinued his personal interest in the affairs 
of the company to his death, though in 
his later years his health was much im- 
paired. He married, November 17, 1841, 
at the Friends' Meeting House, on Or- 
ange street, Rebecca, born February 4, 
181 1, daughter of James B. and Lydia 
(Poultney) Thompson. Mr. Morris died 
at his residence, 826 Pine street, Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, January 11, 1869, his 
wife surviving him until March 22, 1881. 
They were the parents of the following 
children: 1. James Thompson, born Sep- 
tember 18, 1842, died September 23, 1874; 
married, December 5, 1872, Jane Glover 
Montague. 2. Isaac Wistar, born July 
14, 1844, died November 5, 1872, unmar- 
ried. 3. John Thompson, see below. 4. 
Lydia Thompson. 



(VII) John Thompson Morris, son of 
Isaac Paschall and Rebecca (Thompson) 
Morris, was born July 12, 1847, m Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. He was educated 
in private schools and at Haverford Col- 
lege. Mr. Morris was a member of the 
firm of I. P. Morris Company until its sale 
to Cramps, as stated above. He was a 
manager of the Philadelphia Saving Fund 
Society; chairman of The Philadelphia 
Contributionship for the Insurance of 
Houses from Loss by Fire (1752), and a 
member of the board of trustees of Frank- 
lin Institute; trustee of the Fairmount 
Park Art Association and the Pennsyl- 
vania Museum and School of Industrial 
Art; overseer of the Public School char- 
tered by William Penn in 171 1 ; council- 
lor of The Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was also ex-president of the 
Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of 
Pennsylvania ; and the Chestnut Hill Hor- 
ticultural Society ; ex-president of the 
Pennsylvania Institution for the Deaf and 
Dumb ; and was at one time manager of 
Haverford College. No good work done 
in the name of charity or religion sought 
his cooperation in vain. He was a mem- 
ber of the Society of Friends, and in poli- 
tics a Republican ; also a member of 
the American Philosophical Society, the 
Academy of Natural Sciences and the 
Union League of Philadelphia. For 
many years he was one of the most gen- 
erous supporters of the Philadelphia 
Orchestra. He possessed an interesting 
collection of paintings, including some 
noteworthy Japanese work. 

Of fine presence and polished manners, 
John T. Morris was a man once seen not 
soon forgotten. For a number of years 
ere his death Mr. Morris lived a retired 
life, devoting himself to looking after 
his private interests. He was a man of 
whom it might be truly said that he was 
enshrined in the hearts of his fellow- 
citizens. The death of John T. Morris 



1 <>3 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



occurred August 15, 1915. He made for 
himself a record of noteworthy achieve- 
ment and public-spirited service, worthily 
supplementing his ancestral record, and 
his name is inscribed with honor in the 
annals of his city and his State. 



WAINWRIGHT, Samuel J., 

Representative Citizen. 

One of the strong men of the Old Pitts- 
burgh — one of those Titans of trade 
whose heroic proportions seem to dwarf 
the successors of the present day — was 
the late Samuel J. Wainwright. Mr. 
Wainwright was a man who touched life 
at many points, and his abilities and 
sterling traits of character caused him 
to be regarded by the entire community 
with feelings of profound admiration. 
The Wainwright family is one of the old 
families of England. The arms are as fol- 
lows : 

Arms — Argent, on a chevron between three 
fleurs-de-lis azure, a lion rampant of the field, a 
border engrailed sable. 

Crest — A lion rampant argent, holding an 
ancient battle-ax, handle of the first, headed or. 

(I) Joseph Wainwright, the American 
ancestor of this family, was born in 
Berkshire, England, October 17, 1779, 
and died in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, De- 
cember 23, 1866. He emigrated to 
America in 1803, settling in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, in what is now known as 
the Fifteenth Ward. He established the 
Winterton brewery in 1818, and after sev- 
eral years, in which he accumulated much 
property, including a large amount of real 
estate, he returned to his native country 
to visit the scenes of his childhood days. 
Later the brewery was transferred to his 
sons, who operated it for many years. 
Joseph Wainwright was baptized in the 
old Peniston Episcopal Church, in Eng- 
land, where he was subsequently married. 



He and his family were members of St. 
John's Episcopal Church, in Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania. He married, January 7, 
1801, Elizabeth Greaves, born February 
16, 1782, died in Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, January 10, 1852, and both she and 
her husband were interred in the Alle- 
gheny Cemetery. Their children were: 

1. Olivia, born December 3, 1801 ; mar- 
ried Thomas Benn ; died March 72, 1882. 

2. Edwy, see below. 3. Jarvis, born No- 
vember 19, 1806, died August 5, 1874. 
4. Ellis, born January 2^, 1809, was a 
man of prominence in St. Louis, Missouri, 
where he died. 5. Martha G., born March 
1, 181.1; married William Withnell ; died 
May 27, 1886. 6. Eliza, born June 16, 
1815 ; married (first) Samuel Humes; 
married (second) a Mr. Bond. 7. Zacha- 
riah, born February 4, 1818, died April 
16, 1871. 8. Mary Ann, born February 
4, 1818, died August 16, 1899; married Ed- 
mund Wilkins. 9. Samuel, born March 
6, 1821, died October 19, 1874; was of St. 
Louis, Missouri. 10. Charles, born June 

3. 1823, died in youth. 11. Harriet, born 
May 24, 1826, died in youth. 

(II) Edwy Wainwright, eldest son and 
second child of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Greaves) Wainwright, was born in 
Yorkshire, England, December 8, 1803, 
and was but eighteen months of age when 
he came to America with his parents. He 
was educated in the schools of Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania, receiving a thorough and 
practical training in the business of his 
father, and was engaged in this line all 
his life. He married Abigail Ewalt, whose 
ancestry follows : She was a devoted 
member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, and a kind and loving wife and 
mother, who ever sought the good will 
and happiness of those about her. Chil- 
dren of Edwy and Abigail (Ewalt) Wain- 
wright: 1. Samuel Jacob, see below. 2. 
Joseph Z., born February 29, 1832, living 



[64 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ai Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 3. Harris 
Ewalt, born January 17, 1835. 

(Ill) Samuel Jacob Wainwright, son 
of Edwy and Abigail (Ewalt) Wain- 
wright, was born on the old homestead 
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, December 
29, 1829. His education was acquired in 
the public schools of his city, and he was 
then apprenticed to learn the copper- 
smith's trade at the old Scaife foundry 
and followed this occupation for several 
years. Later he associated himself with 
his uncles and brothers in the brewery 
business, and had charge of the office. In 
addition to his labors in the brewery bus- 
iness he was actively interested in a num- 
ber of other business enterprises. He was 
one of the directors of the Arsenal Bank 
for many years and filled the office of 
president for sixteen years. He was also 
a director of the old Pittsburgh Gas Com- 
pany. He was one of those men whose 
vigorous, compelling natures wrench suc- 
cess from the many difficulties they may 
encounter. He seemed to find the hap- 
piness of success in his work a reward 
more than sufficient to compensate him 
for any expenditure of time and strength. 
His singularly strong personality exerted 
a wonderful influence on his associates 
and subordinates, and to the former he 
showed a kindly, humerous side of his 
nature which made their relations most 
enjoyable, while the unfailing justice and 
kindliness of his conduct toward the lat- 
ter won for him their most loyal support. 
Mr. Wainwright's political support was 
given to the Republican party, and he 
was active in all movements that tended 
toward public betterment. He served as 
a member of the City Council for many 
years, and was a member of the State 
Legislature. He was a member of St. 
John's Episcopal Church, and fraternally 
associated with the Masonic order. 

Samuel J. Wainwright married, August 



14, 1856, Mary Frances Benn, born Octo- 
ber 15, 1829, in Helmesley, England, 
daughter of Thomas and Frances (Brit- 
ton) Benn, the latter named born in 1803. 
Children of Samuel J. and Mary Frances 
(Benn) Wainwright: 1. Harriet, died in 
childhood. 2. Edwy, deceased. 3. Sam- 
uel Jacob, Jr., of Pittsburgh. 4. John E., 
whose sketch follows. 5. Abigail Ewalt, 
of Pittsburgh. The death of Mrs. Sam- 
uel J. Wainwright occurred April 17, 
1869. 

On July 5, 1891, Samuel J. Wainwright 
passed away. He was one of the men 
who by force of character, kindliness of 
disposition and steady and persistent 
good conduct in all the situations and 
under all the trials of life take possession 
of the public heart and hold it after they 
have ceased from earth. His record 
forms a part of the annals of his city. 

(The Ewalt Line). 

The Ewalt family, originally Evaul, Vn \. 
later Ewald, and later still Ewalt, is one 
of the most ancient of the Huguenot 
families, and the seat of the family was 
originally in Normandy. The arms of-T. » 
the family are as follows: 

Arms — Quarterly — 1. Or, an arm embowed in 
armour fessways to the sinister holding in its^ , 
hand a sword, point to the dexter, all proper. 2. / 
Azure, a stag's head erased at the neck proper. 

3. Argent, on a mount vert three trees of the last.^^^--— 

4. Or, a wall embattled gules, pierced by two em- 
brasures. 

Crest — A sun in its splendour or, between two 
wings per fess or and azure (wings displayed). 

The family later spread to England, 
where it is numbered among the county 
families. Descendants of this family are 
to be found in different parts of America. 
The family numbers many men of scien- 
tific attainments and women of great 
mentality. 

(I) Ewalt, the first of this 



165 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



family to come to America, was from Ger- 
many. He came to America and settled 
in Morristown, New Jersey. His wife, 
whose name is unknown, was a native of 
Ireland. 

(II) Jacob Ewalt, son of above, was a 
farmer, and lived near Cooper's creek, 
edge of Camden, New Jersey. He mar- 
ried Abigail Higby, and they were the 
parents of children. 

(III) John Ewalt, son of Jacob and 
Abigail (Higby) Ewalt, was born near 
Camden, New Jersey, February n, 1776. 
He married Rebecca Ewalt, of Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, not related, al- 
though having the same name. She was 
a daughter of Samuel Ewalt, soldier with 
Braddock, and in the Revolutionary War, 
an Indian fighter and scout, the first sher- 
iff of Allegheny county, and the owner 
of the land on which the arsenal used to 
stand. Samuel Ewalt married a daugh- 
ter of John Harris, who founded the city 
of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. John and 
Rebecca (Ewalt) Ewalt were the parents 
of ten children. 

(IV) Abigail Ewalt, fourth child of 
John and Rebecca (Ewalt) Ewalt, was 
born near Warren, Ohio, August 2, 1808, 
and died October 27, 1886. On October 
15, 1828, she became the wife of Edwy 
Wainwright. 



WAINWRIGHT, John E., 

Public-Spirited Citizen. 

There are men whose memories are al- 
ways green in the minds of those who 
knew them ; whose personalities are so 
vivid that the recollection of them is 
fadeless ; men of whom we cannot say, 
"They are dead," because their life still 
throbs in the hearts that loved them. To 
this class of men belonged the late John 
E. Wainwright, for many years prom- 
inent in business and social circles in 
Pittsburgh. 



John Ewalt Wainwright was born in 
the Fifteenth Ward, Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 30, 1862, son of the late 
Samuel Jacob and Mary Frances (Benn) 
Wainwright. (See account of the Wain- 
wright family, together with biography 
and portrait of Samuel J. Wainwright). 

John E. Wainwright received his educa- 
tion in public and private schools of his 
city, after which he entered the employ 
of his father, and after the death of the 
father, he was connected with the Wain- 
wright interests. Upon entering business 
he speedily gave evidence of having in- 
herited the great business ability of his 
father, and in his conduct of affairs was 
most successful. Mr. Wainwright was 
a director of the Arsenal Bank, and was 
a member of the Order of Elks, Lodge 
No. 11. 

As a citizen, Mr. Wainwright was in- 
tensely public-spirited, never refusing the 
support of his influence and means to any 
project which in his judgment tended to 
advance the welfare of Pittsburgh. He 
was a Republican in politics, and served 
a term in the Common Council in 1906. 
He was a member of the Episcopal 
church. 

To almost every resident of the 
Fifteenth Ward, John E. Wainwright's 
name was familiar. He was known as 
the ward's philanthropist. The school 
children received the news of his death 
with profound sorrow, for to all of them 
he was a most devoted patron. At the 
close of every school term he always sup- 
plied every school child with candy, 
handkerchiefs and money, and at the an- 
nual school picnic he did all possible to 
aid in giving the children a royal time. 
He was truly a man of many charities, 
and his friends were legion. 

The personality of John E. Wainwright 
was singularly attractive. His every ac- 
tion was inspired by a sense of justice 
and he was ever prepared to meet obli- 



166 





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. : . 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



gations, whatever their character, with 
the confidence and courage born of con- 
scious ability and rectitude. His mind 
was both original and vivacious, and he 
possessed a personal magnetism which 
drew men to him. He was certainly one 
of those whose mission it is to add to 
the sunshine of the world. For some 
years ere his death Mr. Wainwright 
spent much time in travel, and he later 
built a handsome country home near Kit- 
tanning, where an open-handed hospital- 
ity ruled. 

In the prime of life and in the full ma- 
turity of his powers, John Ewalt Wain- 
wright closed his career of usefulness and 
beneficence, passing away February 16, 
1907. His death deprived Pittsburgh of 
an able, aggressive business man and a 
far-sighted, disinterested citizen, and left 
a vacancy never to be filled in the hearts 
of his many friends. 



KANE, John E., 

Real Estate Operator. 

Now and then we meet a man so strong 
in character, so vivid in personality and 
so richly endowed with forceful and 
executive talents that it seems well-nigh 
impossible, when he passes from the 
scene of his activities, that he has, indeed, 
vanished forever from our sight. Such 
a man was the late John E. Kane, presi- 
dent of the Pittsburgh Realty Board and 
one of the best known real estate men in 
the United States. From the outset of 
his career Mr. Kane had been identified 
with realty affairs, and was regarded as 
one of the highest authorities on every- 
thing pertaining to the business. John 
E. Kane was born December 31, 1874, in 
the borough of Lawrenceville, and was a 
son of Patrick and Mary (Byrne) Kane. 
His father was the first agent of the 
Adams Express Company in Pittsburgh, 



and was later engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits in that city, where he also served 
as director in several local banks and 
other corporations. 

The education of John E. Kane was 
received at parochial schools, Pittsburgh 
Catholic College, now Duquesne Univer- 
sity, where he graduated in 1890. He did 
not at once enter the business arena, but 
obtained the position of private secretary 
for Henry Phipps. The death of Mr. 
Kane's father occurred November 26, 
1901, and his estate passed into the keep- 
ing of his son. It was thus that John 
E. Kane became identified with the busi- 
ness in connection with which he was to 
achieve a national reputation. His excep- 
tional fitness for it speedily became appar- 
ent and his rise into prominence was re- 
markably rapid. He filled the position of 
treasurer of the Realty Board, and also 
served as secretary of the National Asso- 
ciation of Real Estate Boards, his con- 
nection with this organization giving him 
an acquaintance with representatives of 
the business throughout the United 
States and Canada. Mr. Kane was also 
secretary and treasurer of the National 
Real Estate Journal. On February 12, 
1917, he was elected president of the 
Pittsburgh Realty Board as the unani- 
mous choice of the governors, and the 
manner in which he discharged the duties 
of the office during the all too brief period 
of his tenure more than justified them in 
their selection. As president of Pitts- 
burgh Real Estate Board, he offered 
gratuitously to the United States Gov- 
ernment the services of the appraisal 
committee, of which he was a member, to 
fix the price of Neville Island and any 
other property they should find necessary 
to acquire. This offer was accepted by 
the United States. Mr. Kane was a 
member of the Chamber of Commerce. 
He was a member of the Pittsburgh Ath- 



167 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



letic Association, the Pittsburgh Country- 
Club, the Knights of Columbus, secretary 
of the advisory board of the Duquesne 
University, and a member of the Board 
of Managers of St. Mary's and Calvary 
cemeteries. He was born, reared, lived 
and died in the faith of the Roman Cath- 
olic church, and worshiped at St. Paul's 
Cathedral in Pittsburgh, of which he was 
a member. 

In combination with business abilities 
of no common order, Mr. Kane possessed 
a singularly attractive personality, and to 
this he owed in a secondary sense his 
extraordinary success. While his in- 
tellect and executiveness commanded 
respect and compelled admiration and 
compliance, his magnetism won the hearts 
of those with whom he had to deal, giv- 
ing him an influence over the actions and 
motives of men which accounted in part 
for his record of accomplishment. In 
addition to this he had the foresight with- 
out some measure of which no man can 
hope to succeed in business. No one 
could discern more quickly and unerr- 
ingly than he the dormant possibilities of 
real estate, the consequences of their 
development and the general trend of 
affairs. In appraisals and valuations of 
local property he was regarded as an 
expert, and on the subject of taxation he 
was a recognized authority. In legisla- 
tion bearing upon taxation Mr. Kane took 
an active interest, and at national con- 
ventions of real estate brokers he took a 
prominent part in discussions relating to 
realty matters, one of the many gifts with 
which Nature had endowed him being 
facility in public speaking and forceful- 
ness in argument. His personal popular- 
ity might be said to be international, for 
not only was he known but he was cor- 
dially and sincerely liked. His features 
were clearly-cut, strong and refined, his 
expression reflected the disposition we 



have feebly endeavored to describe, and 
his manner, dignified, courteous and gen- 
ial, was that of the true gentleman. 

Mr. Kane never married, but resided 
with his widowed mother, the tie be- 
tween whom and himself was strong to 
a degree rarely found even between moth- 
ers and sons regarded as models of 
mutual affection. By this mother, who so 
richly merited the devotion of her chil- 
dren, by the brothers and sisters of Mr. 
Kane, by their numerous friends and by 
the general public the highest hopes were 
entertained in regard to the future of a 
career which seemed to have not yet 
reached its zenith. Great, indeed, was 
the shock to family and friends, as well 
as to the community, when on July i, 
1918, Mr. Kane passed away, in the 
prime of life and in the full tide of activ- 
ity and usefulness. Profound and wide- 
spread, however, as was the mourning for 
what seemed his premature departure, 
there was also a feeling of thankfulness 
for what he had been permitted to accom- 
plish and for the example he had left. 

John E. Kane was a brilliantly success- 
ful man of affairs, and he was also a de- 
voted son, an affectionate brother and a 
true friend. Multitudes at home, and 
many in distant parts of the land will long 
remember him, and his record is incorpor- 
ated in the annals of his native city, but 
his memory is enduringly cherished in the 
hearts of those who loved him and who 
will forever hold him dear. 



SCHMID, Harry D., 

Representative Citizen. 

No business man, even in Pittsburgh, 
that center of aggressiveness, is more 
alert to opportunity than Harry D. 
Schmid, founder and president of the 
Fort Pitt Lithographing Company and 
also connected with other commercial in- 




O^&Za 



v~-f^^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



terests of the Metropolis. Mr. Schmid is 
well known in club circles, takes a promi- 
nent part in the affairs of the Masonic 
fraternity, and is active in church work 
and philanthropic enterprises. Harry D. 
Schmid was born July 23, 1865, in Phila- 
delphia, and is a son of Gottlob C. and 
Magdeline (Medinger) Schmid. 

Harry D. Schmid received his educa- 
tion in public and private schools of his 
native city, and early in life manifested 
an inclination toward the making of 
books. Following this natural bent he 
began his business career with the old 
Oxford Bookbinding Company of Phil- 
adelphia, passing through every depart- 
ment and becoming thoroughly familiar 
with each branch of the business. In 1893 
he came to Pittsburgh, associating him- 
self with the firm of W. G. Johnston & 
Company. Within a short space of time 
he decided to take up lithography, going 
to Baltimore to pursue his studies, and 
soon became an expert in his chosen pro- 
fession. In 1908 Mr. Schmid returned to 
Pittsburgh and organized the Fort Pitt 
Lithographing Company, beginning in a 
very modest way. The result testified 
alike to his sound conservation and his 
sterling aggressiveness. Under his skill- 
ful guidance the enterprise grew apace 
and is now one of the leading concerns of 
its kind in Western Pennsylvania, being 
equipped to handle all the finest classes 
of work and having a high standing both 
in the sphere of commerce and in that of 
finance. The company's place of busi- 
ness is on Forbes street, and is under the . 
immediate personal supervision of its 
founder. 

In the general business life of Pitts- 
burgh, Mr. Schmid has always taken an 
active part, and as a citizen he is ever 
earnestly helpful in all that tends to fur- 
ther amelioration of conditions. His 
clubs are the Rotary, the Pittsburgh Ad 



and others, and he likewise belongs to the 
Pittsburgh Credit Men's Association. He 
affiliates with the Masonic fraternity, and 
is known as a leader in that body. His 
association with church work and benevo- 
lent enterprises is unfailingly energetic 
and fruitful, and causes him to be counted 
on in affairs conducted under religious 
auspices. He is a member of the Episco- 
pal church. That Mr. Schmid is abun- 
dantly endowed with initiative is a fact 
plainly set forth in his record, as are also 
the variety of his interests and the liber- 
ality of his sentiments. Of his appearance 
it is sufficient to say that no one could 
look at him and take him for other than 
he is — a live wire, not only in business 
but in everything that he undertakes, and 
withal warm-hearted and loyal, con- 
stantly adding to the number of his 
friends, but never dropping any from the 
list. 

On October 8, 1901, Mr. Schmid mar- 
ried Bertha, daughter of Frederick W. 
Stein, of Pittsburgh, and they are the 
parents of one child, Bertha Emily. 

Harry D. Schmid is one of the "com- 
ing men" of Pittsburgh. The present 
city knows him and with the lapse of 
each succeeding year the Capital of the 
Industrial World will become increas- 
ingly familiar with his work and its 
results. 



BALLINGER, Walter F., 

Architect, Engineer. 

Walter F. Ballinger, architect and 
engineer, was born in Petroleum Center, 
Pennsylvania, August 13, 1867, a son of 
the late Jacob H. and Sarah (Wolfenden) 
Ballinger. He is now a member of the 
firm of Ballinger & Perrot, with offices in 
the Wesley building, Philadelphia, and 
Marbridge building, New York. 

His father, who owned and operated a 



169 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



machine shop in the oil regions, died when 
Walter F. was two years old, leaving his 
mother and three children who, after a 
brief interval, moved to Woodstown, 
New Jersey, where they lived for twelve 
years. At the age of thirteen and one- 
half years, Walter F. left school to work 
on his cousin's farm and later in a fac- 
tory. Promotion in the factory, due to 
his ability in certain practical work in- 
volving computations, inspired him to 
continue his education, and he succes- 
sively attended night sessions of the local 
grammar school, technical school, Young 
Men's Christian Association, and Drexel 
Institute. Having saved enough money 
for tuition, he entered a business college, 
supplementing his studies by a course in 
shorthand and typewriting, later securing 
positions in the offices of a manufactur- 
ing establishment, a lawyer, and a coal 
dealer. In 1889 he entered the office of 
Geissinger & Hales, then prominent 
architects and engineers of Philadelphia, 
at the same time continuing his studies 
at Drexel Institute and the International 
Correspondence School, thereby applying 
in daily practice the theoretical knowledge 
secured at night. Upon the retirement of 
Mr. Geissinger from the firm, a partner- 
ship under the name of Hales & Ballinger 
was formed in 1894. Six years later, Mr. 
Hales in turn retired and Mr. Emile G. 
Perrot, a graduate of the School of Archi- 
tecture, University of Pennsylvania, and 
former head draftsman, was admitted into 
the firm, since known as Ballinger & Per- 
rot. In the design and construction of 
commercial and institutional buildings, 
industrial plants, etc., including mechani- 
cal equipment, this firm has made an 
enviable reputation, including in their 
clientele many of the largest and most 
successful industrial enterprises and char- 
itable institutions. 

During the war, the firm of Ballinger 
& Perrot devoted its attentions largely 



to Government projects, including Union 
Park Gardens, at Wilmington, Delaware ; 
a Garden City to house shipworkers ; im- 
provements and additions to the United 
States Gas Defense Plant, Long Island 
City, New York, in addition to consider- 
able building and equipment work for 
war industries and essential food pro- 
ducts. Included among the larger and 
more noteworthy institutional and indus- 
trial buildings for which Ballinger & Per- 
rot were the architects and engineers are 
the following: Methodist Home for the 
Aged, Philadelphia; St. Mary's Hospital, 
Philadelphia ; Villa Maria Academy, Fra- 
zer, Pennsylvania ; St. Michael's Boys' 
Industrial School, Whites Ferry, Penn- 
sylvania ; Western Theological Seminary 
(Presbyterian) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; 
Victor Talking Machine Company, Cam- 
den, New Jersey ; The Joseph Campbell 
Company (Soups), Camden, New Jersey; 
Edward G. Budd Manufacturing Com- 
pany, Philadelphia ; Strawbridge & Cloth- 
ier Warehouse, Philadelphia ; New York 
Consolidated Card Company, Long Island 
City, New York; National Casket Com- 
pany, Long Island City, New York; John 
K. Stewart (Motor Starter Corporation), 
Long Island City, New York. 

Mr. Ballinger is affiliated with the Ger- 
mantown and Chestnut Hill Improve- 
ment Association, the Methodist Episco- 
pal Social Union of Philadelphia and 
vicinity, of both of which he is an ex- 
president ; the board of temperance, pro- 
hibition and public morals of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and a trustee of • 
the First Methodist Episcopal Church of 
Germantown, and for a number of years 
was superintendent of a Mission Sunday 
school. The City, Engineers' and the 
Manufacturers' clubs, and the Franklin 
Institute, all of Philadelphia ; the Ameri- 
can Society of Civil Engineers, the Amer- 
ican Society of Mechanical Engineers, 
the Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Chamber of Commerce of the Bor- 
ough of Queens, New York City, and the 
Camden Board of Trade, number him 
among their most active members. In 
addition he serves on the executive and 
fire resistive committees of the National 
Fire Protection Association, is a manager 
of the Seamen's Friend Society, and is 
interested in numerous charitable organi- 
zations. He is a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Americans ; Melita 
Lodge, No. 295, Free and Accepted Ma- 
sons ; Melita Chapter, No. 284, Royal 
Arch Masons ; Philadelphia Consistory, 
thirty-second degree, and Lu Lu Temple, 
Ancient Arabic Order Nobles Mystic 
Shrine, of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Ballinger has always been an 
ardent exponent of civic improvement 
and righteousness, being found in the 
forefront of all sincere reform move- 
ments. Through his experiences and ob- 
servations as a practical, wide-awake 
business man, his interest became keenly 
aroused to the close affiliation of the evil 
of drink to the evils of society and poli- 
tics in its detrimental effect upon busi- 
ness progress and social welfare. As a 
consequence, he became an aggressive 
worker in the cause of prohibition, and in 
politics an Independent Republican. 

In 1897 Mr. Ballinger married Bessie 
M. Cornell, two years preceding the death 
of his mother. His daughter, Grace 
Agnes Ballinger, is a student at Swarth- 
more College, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania, 
and an adopted son, Robert Irving Bal- 
linger, twenty-six years of age, is in the 
employ of the firm as superintendent of 
construction. 



PERROT, Emile George, 

Business Man, Inventor. 

In two hemispheres the name of Emile 
George Perrot, of the internationally 



known firm of Ballinger & Perrot of Phil- 
adelphia, is synonymous with architec- 
tural achievement in different fields and 
under varying conditions. In his home 
city Mr. Perrot's name stands for helpful 
identification with her leading interests 
and for endeavor in behalf of everything 
vital to her truest progress. 

Emile George Perrot was born Novem- 
ber 12, 1872, in Philadelphia, and is a 
son of the late Emile Raphael and Ga- 
brielle (Perodi) Perrot, and a grandson of 
August M. Perrot who, as a young man, 
came from Bordeaux, France, to the 
United States, settling in Philadelphia. 
August M. Perrot was a well-known musi- 
cian and composer and for several years 
was superintendent of music in the Phila- 
delphia public schools, making a specialty 
of Solfiggio, being the author of the "Per- 
rot System of Singing by Sight." The 
late Emile Raphael Perrot was a graduate 
of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, 
and as a young man was proprietor of a 
drug store on Chestnut street. He later 
gave up business and became teacher of 
French in several of the private schools in 
Philadelphia, as well as engaged in the 
teaching of French privately. 

Emile George Perrot received his earli- 
est education in the public school, and 
from that he passed to private schools, 
His attendance at these was followed by 
an architectural course at the Franklin In- 
stitute, from which he graduated in 1890. 
He then became an apprentice in the arch- 
itectural office of George Plowman, the 
designer of many of Philadelphia's thea- 
ters, and on completing his term obtained 
a position as architectural designer for a 
builder in Philadelphia. After retaining 
this position for two years Mr. Perrot 
associated himself with P. A. Welsh and 
Edward F. Durang as a student of archi- 
tecture, and afterward took a special 
course in the School of Architecture, Uni- 



171 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



versity of Pennsylvania, graduating in 
1895, obtaining a certificate of proficiency 
and receiving "Special Commendation," 
which is equivalent to being honor man of 
his class. This distinction was the first of 
its kind issued by this school of architec- 
ture. 

After graduating, Mr. Perrot became 
head draughtsman for Hales & Ballinger, 
architects and engineers, of Philadelphia, 
and in 1898 was given an interest in the 
firm. In July, 1901, he became junior 
partner, and in 1903 full partner, the style 
of the firm being changed to Ballinger & 
Perrot, and so remaining to the present 
day. A biography and portrait of Mr. 
Ballinger precedes this in the work. The 
firm has attained a commanding position 
in its line, being one of the best known in 
the Eastern United States. It has filled 
many contracts for the Victor Talking 
Machine Company and for the shipping 
board of the United States government at 
Wilmington, Delaware, having been ap- 
pointed both architects and engineers for 
the Industrial Village known as "Union 
Park Gardens." It has been extensively 
employed by the Duplan Silk Company, 
of Paris, France, erecting for them, in 
Pennsylvania, two large plants, and it has 
also constructed plants in Pennsylvania 
for the firm of Andrew Martin, of Lyons, 
France. The firm has built plants for the 
Viscose Company, a subsidary concern of 
Courtaulds, Limited, of England. For 
this widely-known organization they have 
constructed, at Marcus Hook, Pennsyl- 
vania, and Roanoke, Va., large artificial 
silk manufacturing plants, the largest in 
the United States, and they have also 
designed and built for them, at Marcus 
Hook, a model industrial village. In all 
these extensive and important undertak- 
ings the architectural and structural engi- 
neering features came directly under Mr. 
Perrot's personal supervision. 



As an inventor Mr. Perrot has achieved 
international recognition, having for some 
years held patents in the United States, 
Canada, France, Belgium and England for 
his invention of the Unit Girder Frame 
System of Reenforced Concrete. Some 
time ago these were disposed of to a syn- 
dicate. In association with Mr. Ballinger 
he invented an enclosure for vestibules of 
tower fire escapes, and he has also pat- 
ented an invention for life-boat launching. 
As a contributor to the literature of his 
profession Mr. Perrot is widely known. 
He is associate editor of Kidder's "Archi- 
tect and Builder Pocket Book," and for 
the last twelve years has lectured at the 
University of Pennsylvania on reenforced 
concrete and its uses. He is joint author 
with Mr. Ballinger of Ballinger & Perrot's 
"Inspector's Handbook of Reenforced Con- 
crete," a work which has had a wide sale 
among builders. Mr. Perrot is a licensed 
architect in New York and New Jersey, 
and the firm maintains offices not only in 
Philadelphia, but also in New York City. 

In politics Mr. Perrot is an Independ- 
ent. He is a member of the Philadelphia 
Chamber of Commerce and the Camden 
Board of Trade, and he belongs to the 
American Society of Testing Materials, 
the National Fire Protective Association, 
the National Housing Association and the 
City Parks Association, also the Illum- 
inating Engineering Society. He is a 
member of the Franklin Institute and the 
American Society of Civil Engineers, hold- 
ing in the latter full membership. He also 
belongs to the American Concrete Insti- 
tute and the Catholic Historical Society. 
His clubs are the Manufacturers', City, 
Engineers', Hazelton and the Auto Club 
of Philadelphia. Still another of the pro- 
fessional organizations to which he be- 
longs is the American City Planning Insti- 
tute. He is a member of Gesu Roman 
Catholic Church of Philadelphia, and of 



172 




£7^/^g^3<^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Knights of Columbus. He is a direc- 
tor of the Philadelphia Military Training 
Corps. 

His record shows Mr. Perrot as he is, a 
man of quiet force, accomplishing large 
results with the least possible amount of 
friction and then leaving his work to 
speak for itself. His own reputation and 
that of his firm is steadily increasing and 
the prospects of achievement which the 
future opens before them are constantly 
widening. His capability for business 
successes is equalled by his faculty for 
making and holding friends. Of his per- 
sonal appearance it is unnecessary to 
speak, for his portrait, no less than his 
biography, should be grouped with that 
of his partner. 

Mr. Perrot married, June 10, 1896, Ag- 
nes A., daughter of James and Margaret 
(Kelly) Robb, of Philadelphia, and they 
are the parents of the following children : 
Joseph E., born November 20, 1897; Mary 
M., Agnes G., Frances, Margaret D., 
Emile George, born July 7, 1907, and Paul 
John, born January 15, 1912. Mrs. Perrot 
is a tactful hostess and a charming home- 
maker, and her husband is never so happy 
as when surrounded by the members of 
his household and the inner circle of his 
friends. 

The work of Emile George Perrot is not 
for a day nor even for a generation, nor 
does it exist only in his own city, or his 
own State, for it is found in other States 
as well as in his own, and everything indi- 
cates that the coming years will witness 
ever-multiplying developments of its 
many possibilities. 



POWELL, John R., 

Financier, Manufacturer. 

John R. Powell, president of the Ply- 
mouth National Bank of Plymouth, Penn- 
sylvania, pioneer squib manufacturer of 



the United States, and for many years 
closely associated with the business and 
industrial interests of this region, whose 
death on July 24, 1918, was felt as a 
severe loss by the entire community, was 
a native of Wales, having been born at 
Pendarren, Glamorganshire, South Wales, 
May 6, 1847. 

The first eighteen years of his life were 
spent in his native land, where he gained 
his education, but in 1865 he came to the 
United States and resided for a short 
time at Hubbard, Ohio. From there he 
removed to Illinois and then, returning 
East, resided for a time at Wilkes-Barre, 
Pennsylvania. In 1871 he came to Ply- 
mouth, and in 1878 he founded a squib 
factory and began the manufacture of 
the squibs used in mining throughout this 
country. His plant being one of the first 
to manufacture an article in such general 
use, succeeded from the outset and in 
time he had built up a very large and 
prosperous business. He secured his first 
patent in the year 1879, and since that 
time several others to cover various modi- 
fications and improvements in the origi- 
nal article. On two occasions his plant 
was destroyed by fire, but, without being 
discouraged, he rebuilt it on a still larger 
scale and has since supplied all the mar- 
kets of the country, the product of his 
plant being used in practically every coal 
mine throughout the United States and 
Canada. He rapidly secured a position 
in the community, in which he was recog- 
nized as one of the most substantial and 
successful of its manufacturers, and he 
extended his interests to several other 
types of enterprise here. Upon the organ- 
ization of the Plymouth National Bank, 
he was unanimously elected its president, 
and from that time until his death filled 
this highly responsible office. His skill 
and judgment, combined with a large 
grasp of the financial situation, enabled 



73 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



him to place the Plymouth Bank in the 
position which it now holds, as one of the 
foremost in the State, and had an indirect 
influence in moulding the development of 
this entire region. 

John R. Powell was one of the three 
sons of Roger and Esther (Evans) Pow- 
ell, of Pendarren, Wales, but he was the 
only member of his family to come to the 
United States. He married, August i, 
1872, Anna Jenkins, a native of Merthyr- 
Tydvil, born 1855, a daughter of Thomas 
J. and Ruth (Jones) Jenkins, being de- 
scended on both sides of the house from 
Welsh ancestors. Mr. Jenkins was a 
prominent sculptor and resided in Ply- 
mouth for many years. Mr. and Mrs. 
Powell were the parents of three chil- 
dren, as follows : Thomas R., who died 
in the year 1896, at the age of twenty- 
two ; John, who died in infancy ; and 
Esther, born March 22, 1877, and married, 
June 27, 1901, John H. Williams, one of 
the most prominent young attorneys in 
this section of the State, whose death 
occurred March 20, 1910, at the age of 
thirty-three years. 

John H. Williams was the son of James 
and Margaret (Thomas) Williams, of 
Plymouth, Pennsylvania, and was edu- 
cated at the local public school and at 
Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Pennsyl- 
vania, where he was prepared for college. 
He then entered the law department of 
Dickinson College, at Carlisle, Pennsyl- 
vania, and was graduated with the class 
of 1898. He was an unusually brilliant 
young man, and after a few years of suc- 
cessful private practice was elected dis- 
trict attorney of Luzerne county on the 
Republican ticket in 1909, and it was 
while his term of office was still unex- 
pired that he died, one of the youngest 
men who ever held that post here. He 
was a prominent member of the Masonic 
order and of the Benevolent and Protec- 



tive Order of Elks, and in spite of his 
youth was already recognized as one of 
the important factors in the legal and po- 
litical life of this section of the State. 



BRYAN, James, 

Consulting Engineer. 

For many years the name of the late 
James Bryan, of Pittsburgh, was a famil- 
iar one in different parts of the United 
States as that of a consulting engineer of 
superior abilities whose work, wherever 
found, was of the greatest excellence. 
Mr. Bryan was prominent not only in 
the line of his profession, but was well 
known in the social life of the Metropolis 
and took an active part in the affairs of 
its club circles. 

James Bryan was born in Preston, Eng- 
land, October 13, 1861, and was a son of 
Joseph and Isabella (Hargraves) Bryan. 
He was descended from a long line of 
mechanics and engineers and chose engi- 
neering as his profession, receiving a 
thorough education and training in this 
while a youth in England, and he came 
to this country fully equipped to grapple 
with and overcome any difficulties that 
might confront him. 

Mr. Bryan came to the United States in 
1888, becoming associated with the Corliss 
Engine Company of Providence, Rhode 
Island, where he remained four years. He 
was then associated with the Thompson- 
Houston Company of Lynn, Massachu- 
setts, from where he was transferred to 
the Edison General Electric Company of 
Schenectady, New York. Mr. Bryan 
came to Pittsburgh in 1896, and the "Iron 
City" was destined to be for the remain- 
der of his life his home and the center of 
his interests. In his profession of civil 
and mechanical engineering, Mr. Bryan 
was a specialist, giving the greater part 
of his attention to railroad construction. 



'74 




Vsu/*&7Z — » 




^2^2--C^"~ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He was the engineer of several local lines 
including the Pittsburgh, Harmony, But- 
ler & New Castle Railway, on which line 
he first installed his most noted achieve- 
ment, namely, his conception and achieve- 
ment of higher direct-current voltage, this 
being especially adapted to inter-urban 
conditions, but was found so practical and 
successful that it was later adopted for 
both inter-urban and trunk line electrifi- 
cation of railways. His services were in 
demand, and in 1898 he began private 
practice as consulting engineer, and he 
built for himself an undisputed reputation 
for fine work and honest methods. He 
was a member of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, the Union Club, the Country Club 
and the Engineers' Society of Western 
Pennsylvania. 

From politics Mr. Bryan held persist- 
ently aloof, but he was always a good, 
public-spirited citizen, willing and ready 
to promote whatever promised improve- 
ment. Mr. Bryan was a man of strong 
principle and kindly disposition, invaria- 
bly courteous and never wanting in con- 
sideration for the rights and feelings of 
others. His manners were dignified and 
at the same time friendly, and he looked 
unmistakably the true gentleman that all 
knew him to be. 

Mr. Bryan married Agnes, daughter of 
Henry and Mary (Procter) Pearson, and 
they were the parents of the following 
children: 1. Bertha, wife of Stanley L. 
Rauch ; they have one son, Stanley 
James Rauch. 2. James. 3. Joseph, mar- 
ried Marie Ruth Shaffner, and they are 
the parents of three children: Joseph, 
Jr., and twins, Marie Ruth and Dorothy 
Agnes. 4. Agnes, wife of O. K. Sheri- 
dan; one child, John Kimball Sheridan, 
has been born to them. 5. May, wife of 
Victor A. Williams, a physician of Pitts- 
burgh. 6. Isabella, wife of A. R. Can- 
celliere, and they have one child, Agnes. 



7. Florence, at home. Family affection 
was the dominant motive of Mr. Bryan's 
life and in his wife he ever found a true 
and congenial helpmate, the source of his 
home's happiness and peace. 

For some time previous to his death 
Mr. Bryan was in failing health and 
sought recuperation in the climate of 
Florida. It was, however, without avail, 
and on February 20, 1918, he passed away 
at his Pittsburgh home. As a business 
man, friend and neighbor, no man was 
ever more sincerely mourned. To his 
family the bereavement was inexpressible. 

James Bryan rendered valuable service 
to Pittsburgh, inasmuch as he helped to 
build the roads by means of which her 
products are conveyed to other markets 
and multitudes are enabled to flock to 
her factories and warehouses, the source 
and center of the world's material wealth. 
The work done by Mr. Bryan is work 
that will live. 



STERRETT, David, 

Lawyer, Civil War Veteran. 

The late David Sterrett, of Washing- 
ton, Pennsylvania, whose name, as a 
member of the Pennsylvania bar, was for 
more than a third of a century a synonym 
for professional ability and weight of 
character, maintained throughout a long 
and useful life a reputation fairly earned 
and most richly merited. 

David Sterrett was born August 30, 
1836, at Pine Grove Mills, Center county, 
Pennsylvania, and was a son of Timothy 
Green and Margaret (McManigal) Ster- 
rett, the former a well-known farmer of 
that region. The boy received his earliest 
education in the common schools, passing 
thence to the Central Academy, Juniata 
county, Pennsylvania, where he was pre- 
pared to enter the Northwestern Univer- 
sity, Evanston, Illinois, as a member of 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the junior class, graduating in 1862. Im- 
mediately, as was often the case in that 
heroic time, the student became a soldier, 
passing almost directly from the univer- 
sity to the battlefield. On August 12, 
1862, David Sterrett enlisted as a corporal 
in Company D, One Hundred and Thirty- 
first Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Infantry. He participated in the battles 
of Antietam, Fredericksburg and Chan- 
cellorsville, and on May 23, 1863, was 
mustered out with his company, having 
seen nine months of honorable service. 

On his return to civil life the young 
soldier turned his attention to the legal 
profession, entering upon a course of 
study at Lewistown, Pennsylvania. In No- 
vember, 1864, he was admitted to the bar, 
and from that time to the close of his life 
was continuously engaged in practice. Es- 
tablishing himself first at Franklin, Penn- 
sylvania, he removed, after a time, to Oil 
City and then to Smethport, going thence 
to Washington, all these places being 
within the limits of his native State. His 
professional advancement was steady, 
innate ability, thorough equipment and 
integrity which, from the outset, was 
never questioned, winning for him pub- 
lic confidence and placing him in posses- 
sion of a large and profitable clientele. 

The political affiliations of Mr. Ster- 
rett were first with the Republican party, 
later with the Prohibition party, and 
despite the fact that he was never an 
office-seeker his fellow-citizens gave proof 
of their trust in him by electing him to 
represent them in the State Legislature 
during the session of 1883. The manner 
in which he discharged the duties thus 
imposed upon him was at once honorable 
to himself and satisfactory to his constit- 
uents. Ever ready to respond to any de- 
serving call made upon him, he was a 
liberal but extremely unostentatious giver 
to charitable enterprises and philan- 



thropic institutions. He was a member of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Wash- 
ington. 

The personality of Mr. Sterrett was 
essentially that of the true lawyer. His 
strong and cultivated mind was the legal 
mind, and he possessed to an unusual 
degree that judicial instinct without which 
success at the bar is an impossibility. 
His broad, comprehensive grasp of all 
questions submitted to him was combined 
with quickness of perception and depth 
of insight. His countenance was stamped 
with the impress of the qualities which 
made him what he was professionally, 
and it also expressed the geniality and 
kindness which surrounded him with 
friends. His bearing and manner were 
alike indicative of the lawyer and the gen- 
tleman. 

Mr. Sterrett married, June 30, 1868, in 
Pittsburgh, Emma Clarke, daughter of 
Dr. Jeremiah and Martha Clarke (Bu- 
chanan) Brooks. Mr. and Mrs. Sterrett 
were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Martha Buchanan ; Charles Clarke, 
born October 1, 1870; Rufus Arthur, born 
October 12, 1872; Walter Brooks, born 
April 25, 1876; Malcolm Buchanan, born 
February 26, 1878; Marion; and Louis 
Emile, born July 12, 1883. Happy in his 
domestic relations and possessing a strong 
love for home and family, Mr. Sterrett 
was always most content when at his own 
fireside where he delighted to gather his 
friends about him. 

The death of Mr. Sterrett, which 
occurred October 13, 1907, deprived the 
legal profession of one of its most re- 
spected representatives and the commun- 
ity of one of its most valued citizens. The 
personal loss was keenly felt by many, 
for he was a loyal friend and a man of 
whom it could truthfully be said, "his 
word is as good as his bond." 

The prestige of the bar is maintained 
76 




c^,/^ 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



not alone by the men of brilliant attain- 
ments and oratorical powers, but also, to 
a very great degree, by those of sound 
judgment, clear vision and thorough 
knowledge of the law, men whose talents 
are solid rather than showy and whose 
work is of real and enduring value. A 
man of this type was David Sterrett. 



LEAF, Edward Bowman, 

Manufacturer. 



Edward Bowman Leaf was born at 
Pottstown, Pennsylvania, March 3, 1866, 
son of the late Rev. Edmund and Harriet 
Potts (Clay) Leaf. His education was 
received in Hill School, Pottstown, and 
at Yale University. At its conclusion he 
entered business in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, as a member of the firm of 
Potts & Leaf, which continued until 1900. 
In 1900 Mr. Leaf withdrew from this con- 
cern and organized the firm of E. B. Leaf 
Company, of which he was president, 
brokers in iron and steel. By his aggres- 
siveness and ability he soon built up a 
large business, and was known through- 
out the State as one of the most success- 
ful men of his line. He was also presi- 
dent of the Spring City Bloom Works, 
and a director of the Longmead Iron 
Company, of Conshohocken, Pennsyl- 
vania. Strong mentality, combined with 
equally strong principle and much fore- 
sight, might be said to explain the secret 
of E. Bowman Leaf's remarkable success 
as a business man. Perhaps, however, his 
sunny disposition, which attracted to him 
men of ''all sorts and conditions" had 
more to do with it than a superficial ob- 
server might suppose. He was a rapid- 
fire business man, and back of it and 
responsible for it laid vision, quick judg- 
ment and the capacity to execute orders 
promptly. The concern of which he was 
Pa— 10— 12 177 



head still continues the business under 
the same firm name, his brother, G. Her- 
bert Leaf, acting as president. 

It was with the Republicans that Mr. 
Leaf cast his vote, and no man had more 
at heart the welfare and true progress of 
his city, but office-holding was something 
for which he had neither time nor inclina- 
tion. He was a member and vestryman 
of St. Mary's Church, West Philadelphia, 
the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
the University Club and the Merion 
Cricket Club. 

On October 19, 1894, Mr. Leaf married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard and Emily 
(Whitecar) Trenchard, of Bridgeton, New 
Jersey, and they became the parents of 
two daughters : Harriet Clay, wife of G. 
Upton Favorite, and the mother of two 
children : Elizabeth Upton, and G. Up- 
ton, Jr., born September 20, 1917; and 
Frances Trenchard Leaf. The union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Leaf was one of kindred 
sympathies and congenial dispositions, 
their home was to them truly the dearest 
spot on earth and one of their chief de- 
lights was the exercise of hospitality. 

After reviewing the narrative of all 
that he accomplished, it is difficult to real- 
ize that when E. Bowman Leaf passed 
away he was but forty-four years of age. 
On November 23, 1910, he expired, hav- 
ing in a comparatively short space of time 
brought to pass results of more lasting 
and substantial benefit to himself and the 
community than many achieve in a long 
life-time. He caused his success to re- 
dound to the welfare of others and to 
increase the prosperity of Philadelphia 
and Pennsylvania, and any work of rec- 
ord setting forth the achievements of 
those "Makers of Pennsylvania" would 
naturally have to contain account of the 
life and achievements of E. Bowman 
Leaf. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



HUTCHINSON, S. Pemberton, 

Man of Large Affairs. 

Among the well-known business men 
of Philadelphia is S. Pemberton Hutch- 
inson, president and director of The 
Westmoreland Coal Company, and offi- 
cially connected with various other en- 
terprises. 

Pemberton Sydney Hutchinson, father 
of S. Pemberton Hutchinson, was born 
February 15, 1836, at Cintra, Portugal, 
while his father, Israel Pemberton Hutch- 
inson, was United States consul to Portu- 
gal ; he entered the University of Penn- 
sylvania, 1854, but left at the close of his 
freshman year. He then engaged in mer- 
cantile business in Philadelphia, the firm 
being P. S. Hutchinson & Company, and 
later became president of The Philadel- 
phia Savings Fund Society. He was also 
a director of The Girard Trust Company ; 
director in the Farmers' and Mechanics' 
National Bank, Penn Mutual Life Insur- 
ance Company, and the Philadelphia Con- 
tributionship ; was a member of the First 
Pennsylvania Emergency Regiment, 1862, 
and a member of the Pennsylvania So- 
ciety, Sons of the American Revolution. 
His mother, Margaretta Hutchinson, who 
died March 25, 1849, was a daughter of 
Charles Willing and Anne (Emlen) Hare, 
and granddaughter of Robert and Mar- 
garet (Willing) Hare. Israel Pemberton 
Hutchinson died May 9, 1866. Pember- 
ton Sydney Hutchinson married, June 5, 
i860, Agnes Wharton, second daughter of 
George Mifflin and Maria (Markoe) 
Wharton-,- born May 31, 1839, and they 
were the parents of the following chil- 
dren. 1. Sydney Pemberton, see below. 
2. George Wharton, deceased. 3. Syd- 
ney Emlen, born September 17, 1866, 
married (first) Olga Bates ; married (sec- 
ond) Edith Lewis Stotesbury, and has 
issue. 4. Cintra, married William S. El- 



lis, and has issue. 5. Agnes Wharton, 
married Samuel Lieberkuhn Shober, Jr., 
of Philadelphia, and has issue. 6. Mar- 
garetta Willing, married John C. Stevens, 
and has issue. The death of Pemberton 
Sydney Hutchinson occurred June 26, 
1903. 

S. Pemberton Hutchinson, son of the 
late Pemberton Sydney and Agnes 
(Wharton) Hutchinson, was born April 
27, 1861, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
His education was received at St. Paul's 
School, Concord, New Hampshire, and at 
the University of Pennsylvania, class of 
1882. He left the University before grad- 
uation to enter the service of the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad. He remained with them 
from November 1, 1881, to May 15, 1901, 
as rodman, assistant supervisor, super- 
visor, assistant engineer, division super- 
intendent and assistant general agent in 
New York. From May 15, 1901, to 
March 1, 1902, Mr. Hutchinson was vice- 
president of the El Paso and Southwest- 
ern Railroad Company (the railroad sys- 
tem of Phelps-Dodge & Company). Was 
superintendent of the Pittsburgh Divi- 
sion of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 
from March 9, 1902, to December 1, 1902. 
Assistant general superintendent and 
general superintendent of Michigan Cen- 
tral Railroad from December 15, 1902, to 
November 15, 1905. Partner in the bank- 
ing firm of Cramp, Mitchell & Shober, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, December 1, 
1906, to January 1, 191 1. Was elected 
president of the Westmoreland Coal 
Company, June 14, 1910, which position 
he holds to the present time. Mr. Hutch- 
inson is also a trustee of the Penn Mu- 
tual Life Insurance Company ; director of 
the Pennsylvania Company for Insurance 
on Lives and Granting Annuities ; direc- 
tor of the Philadelphia National Bank; 
director of the Philadelphia Contribu- 
tionship ; manager Philadelphia Savings 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Fund Society ; director of the Stonega 
Qjai^nd_CoJi£-Xornpany ; member of the 
executive council, Philadelphia Board of 
Trade ; and Inspector of County Prisons. 
Politically Mr. Hutchinson is a Republi- 
can, but has never held office. He is a 
member of the Pennsylvania Society, 
Sons of the Revolution ; Philadelphia 
Club, Rittenhouse Club, Philadelphia 
Country Club, of Philadelphia ; Metropol- 
itan Club, of Washington. D. C. ; Du- 
quesne Club, of Pittsburgh ; and Yan- 
dolega, of Detroit. He is also a member 
of the Union Club of New York. 

On April 13, 1887, Mr. Hutchinson 
married Amy, daughter of John Thomp- 
son and Maria Litchfield (Scott) Lewis, 
of Philadelphia, and they have children : 
1. Sophie Lewis, wife of Henry S. 
Drinker, Jr., and has issue. 2. Agnes 
Wharton, wife of Lieutenant George 
Whitney Martin, and has issue. 3. Aimee, 
wife of Sergeant J. Trevanion Thayer, 
and the mother of a daughter. 4. Sydney 
Pemberton, Jr., born September 7, 1900. 



BURNHAM, George, 

Head of Important Interests. 

Despite the fact that a number of years 
have elapsed since the late George Burn- 
ham, head of the widely known house of 
Burnham, Williams & Company, ceased 
to be an active force in the business world 
of Philadelphia, his name and the mem- 
ory of his work are still fresh in the minds 
of very many of our citizens. Not only in 
manufacturing circles was Mr. Burnham 
a power, but in the promotion of the char- 
itable and philanthropic interests of his 
adopted city he was long, earnestly and 
actively influential. 

George Burnham was born March II, 
181 7, in Springfield, Massachusetts, a son 
of Charles and Persis (White) Burnham, 
and a descendant of Thomas Burnham 



who, about 1635, settled in Hartford, Con- 
necticut. In Colonial days the descend- 
ants of Thomas Burnham, who was a 
lawyer and a man of much force of char- 
acter, became residents of Springfield. 
Persis (White) Burnham traced her de- 
scent from Elder John White, who was 
one of the pioneers, successively, of Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, Hartford, Con- 
necticut, and Hadley, Massachusetts. He 
was one of the first selectmen of Cam- 
bridge and twice served as deputy to the 
General Court of Massachusetts. 

The education of George Burnham was 
received in the public schools, but his 
attendance there soon came to an end, for 
when about fourteen or fifteen years of 
age he came to Philadelphia and entered 
the service of Baldwin & Coltin, whole- 
sale grocers, at Second and Dock streets, 
the junior partner being a friend of the 
Burnham family. Realizing how very 
limited had been his early educational 
opportunities Mr. Burnham devoted every 
leisure moment to the study of history 
and biography, often reading far into the 
night. In view of the fact that his work- 
ing day was from six in the morning until 
ten at night it seems clear that he must 
frequently have "burned the midnight 
oil." The inventive genius which was 
one of his marked characteristics resulted, 
when he was but a youth, in the construc- 
tion of a diving machine which was prac- 
tically tested in Delaware. 

In 1837 Mr. Burnham obtained a cleri- 
cal position in the locomotive works of 
M. W. Baldwin. Here he found himself 
in his true element and steadily rose, ad- 
vancing from one place to another of in- 
creased responsibility. Upon the death of 
Mr. Baldwin in 1866 Mr. Burnham be- 
came a member of the firm which was 
then reorganized under the name of M. 
Baird & Company. Eventually, in con- 
sequence of changes in the ownership of 



179 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the business, he became senior partner of 
the firm, the style being altered to Burn- 
ham, Williams & Company. The concern 
was later incorporated as the Baldwin 
Locomotive Works. The fact that this 
organization is to-day one of the foremost 
manufacturing concerns of the United 
States is very largely owing to the clear- 
sighted wisdom and wisely-aggressive 
management of George Burnham. He was 
for years the manager and controller of 
the moneyed interests of the enterprise, 
also figuring prominently in financial cir- 
cles in other important relations. Mr. 
Burnham was a member of the Union 
League, the Art Club and the City Club, 
and various associations of scientific and 
literary foundation. He was a member of 
the original "Committee of One Hundred" 
and was identified with all important 
movements for political reform. He was 
a member of the New Church, "Sweden- 
borgian," at Twenty-second and Chest- 
nut streets, and at one time president of 
that society. 

On February 13, 1843, Mr. Burnham 
marrried Anna, daughter of Samuel and 
Ann Cook Hemple, of Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, and their children were: 1. 
Catherine, deceased. 2. William, de- 
ceased, whose biography and portrait ap- 
pear elsewhere in this work. 3. George, 
Jr., of Philadelphia. 4. Mary Arthur, who 
is of Philadelphia. 5. Anna, wife of Theo- 
dore J. Lewis, of Philadelphia, and their 
children are: (i) Mrs. J. O. Low, born 
September 2, 1883, of Brooklyn, mother 
of four children : Dorothy, born April 20, 
1907; Mary Forthingham, born June 12, 
1909; Josiah Orne, born May 20, 1912; 
and Theodore, born November 19, 191 5. 
(ii) Mrs. Edgar Lawrence Smith, born 
- — ^June 15, 1S85, of Montclair, New Jersey, 
whose children are: Edgar Lawrence, Jr., 
born September ii, 1912; and Jean, born 
October 14, 191 5. (iii) Theodore Burn- 



ham, born November 14, 1890, married 
Mary Long, of Texas, and their children 
are : Frances Patricia, born March 7, 
1917; and Charlotte, born July 4, 1918. 
(iv) Burnham, born June 14, 1897, an 
officer in the United States Army. 6. 
Emma, born June 18, 1861, deceased, who 
married Frederick J. Stimson, of New 
York, and their children were: (i) Burn- 
ham, born April, 1887, died July, 1887. 
(ii) Frederick Burnham, born February 
9, 1891, married Amelia W. Eadie, of 
Flushing, New York, and their son is 
Frederick Burnham, Jr., born August 26, 
1917. (iii) Anna Katherine, born Novem- 
ber 14, 1892, unmarried, (iv) Boudinot, 
born May 25, 1897, unmarried, now 
(1918) in France with the United States 
Army, (v) William Burnham, born Oc- 
tober 25, 1899. 

George Burnham died December 12, 
1912, in his ninety-sixth year. 



PETERSON, Henry, 

Journalist, Author 

In the journalistic history of Philadel- 
phia no name stands higher than that of 
the late Henry Peterson, for thirty years 
editor of the "Saturday Evening Post" 
and head of the firm of H. Peterson & 
Company. In addition to his prominence 
as a member of the Fourth Estate, Mr. 
Peterson was well known as the author of 
numerous novels and plays of unques- 
tioned literary merit. 

Peterson Arms — Sable, on a cross between four 
lions' heads erased argent, five eagles displayed of 
the field. 

Crest — A pelican proper. 

Motto — Nihil sine dco (Nothing without God). 

(I) Lawrence Peterson, grandfather 
of Henry Peterson, married Rachel Ford, 
and resided at Pleasant Mills, New Jer- 
sey. 



180 




mjttwan 



- 




S7S5- M72 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(II) George Peterson, son of Law- 
rence and Rachel (Ford) Peterson, was 
born April 21, 1785, at Pleasant Mills, 
New Jersey. He came to Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, at an early age, shortly 
after the year 1800, and engaged in mer- 
chantile pursuits, his ventures in the 
West Indian trade being especially suc- 
cessful. He married, January 9, 1812, 
Jane Evans, a daughter of John and 
Rachel (Ridgway) Evans, and a grand- 
daughter of Robert Evans, a prominent 
member of the Society of Friends. Soon 
after their marriage the young couple 
went to housekeeping in a residence be- 
longing to Mrs. Peterson, on Fifth street 
above Arch. In the year 1818 Mr. Peter- 
son bought a handsome residence on the 
south side of Arch street, just above 
Fifth, the old number being 102. About 
this time George Peterson invested con- 
siderably in real estate in Philadelphia, 
and in 1828 purchased a country seat con- 
taining sixty-five acres on the County 
Line Road, about a quarter of a mile from 
the Old York Road. This beautiful spot, 
"Spring Dale," was his summer home for 
many years. He was a devout Quaker, 
attending Arch Street Meeting when in 
the city and Abington Meeting when in 
the country. When the separation be- 
tween what are commonly known as the 
Orthodox and the Hicksite Friends oc- 
curred, he went with the latter, and there- 
after worshipped at Green Street Meeting 
House, which became the headquarters 
of the more liberal element. He took a 
great interest in the Friends School on 
Walnut street above Sixth, and was one 
of its managers. He was also a manager 
of the Wills Eye Hospital, and at one 
time (May 22, 1829, to September 2, 
1834) a director in the Lehigh Coal and 
Navigation Company. He died May 10, 
1872, and is buried in Laurel Hill Ceme- 
tery. His wife's death occurred June 20, 



1859. George and Jane (Evans) Peter- 
son were the parents of ten children: 1. 
Robert Evans Peterson, M. D., born Nov- 
ember 12, 1812, died October 30, 1894, a 
graduate of the Medical Department of 
the University of Pennsylvania; he also 
studied law and was admitted to the bar, 
but never practised either law or medi- 
cine. He studied law in the office of his 
father-in-law, Judge Bouvier; in 1850 he 
formed a partnership with George W. 
Childs under the firm name of R. E. Pet- 
erson & Company; two of their earliest 
and most notable publications were "Bou- 
vier's Law Dictionary" and "Peterson's 
Familiar Science ;" in 1854 the firm name 
was changed to Childs & Peterson, and in 
1856 they published "Dr. Kane's Arctic 
Explorations ;" some years later the firm 
was dissolved, Mr. Peterson retiring from 
commercial life; he married (first) Sep- 
tember 12, 1834, Hannah Mary Bouvier, 
who died September 4, 1870; married 
(second) December 2, 1871, Blanche 
Gottschalk, who died July 23, 1879'; mar- 
ried (third) May 27, 1880, Clara Gott- 
schalk, who died July 25, 1910. 2. Rachel 
Evans, born September 4, 1814, died Aug- 
ust 21, 1862; married November 5, 1835. 
Edmund Deacon. 3. George, born Sep- 
tember 20, 1816, died December 23, 1820. 
4. Henry, see below. 5. Esther Evans, 
born January 7, 1821, died May 18, 1847. 

6. Richard, born March 8, 1823, died 
December 12, 1893 ; married February 15, 
1844, Almira Little ; was a manufacturer. 

7. Anna, born September 29, 1825, died 
February 21, 1908; married, October 17, 
1849, Amos R. Little. 8. Pearson Serrill, 
born September 26, 1828, died January 7, 
1877; married October 21, 1852, Emma 
Lehman ; was a banker. 9. Helen Long- 
streth, born December 29, 1830, died Oc- 
tober 4, 1905 ; married April 17, 1855, 
Charles Taylor Deacon. 10. Philema 
Marshall, born July 8, 1833, died June 7, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



191 1 ; married October 8, 1857, William 
Estes Newhall. 

(Ill) Henry Peterson, son of George 
and Jane (Evans) Peterson, was born 
December 7, 1818. He received his edu- 
cation in private schools. At an early age 
he manifested an inclination for literary 
work, his first novel, "The Twin Broth- 
ers," having been written before he 
reached his twenty-first birthday. The 
circle of his intimate friends then included 
James Russell Lowell and John G. Whit- 
tier. From 1838 to 1840 Mr. Whittier 
resided in Philadelphia as the editor of 
the "Pennsylvania Freeman." Mr. Pet- 
erson, though never belonging to the wing 
of the anti-slavery party represented by 
William Lloyd Garrison, allied himself 
with the cause, becoming known as the 
author of a number of forcible articles. 
In 1843 Mr. Peterson accepted the posi- 
tion of assistant editor of the "Saturday 
Evening Post," then published by Samuel 
D. Patterson & Company. Five years 
later, in association with his brother-in- 
law, Edmund Deacon, he purchased the 
paper and plant, becoming half owner 
and sole editor. The result proved the 
right of Henry Peterson to be classed 
among America's foremost editors. The 
circulation of the paper soon exceeded 
eighty thousand copies, a number which, 
seventy-five years ago, was regarded as 
extraordinary. Mr. Peterson subsequent- 
ly purchased his partner's interest, the 
style of the firm becoming H. Peterson 
& Company. After retaining control of 
the paper for about thirty years, Mr. Pet- 
erson relinquished it to R. J. C. Walker 
and retired to private life. It is now 
owned by Cyrus H. K. Curtis. 

After his withdrawal from the arena of 
journalism Mr. Peterson, at his home in 
Germantown, devoted himself chiefly to 
literary work. His published works in- 
clude the following: "The Twin Broth- 



ers," 1843; "Poems," 1863; "The Modern 
Job," 1869; "Pemberton, or One Hundred 
Years Ago," 1872; "Fairemount," 1874; 
"Caesar, a Dramatic Study," 1879; and a 
volume of poems, 1883. He was the au- 
thor of a number of plays, the best known 
of which, "Helen," was produced at the 
Chestnut Street Theatre in 1876. Mr. 
Peterson's latest work was a drama called 
"Columbus," finished shortly before his 
death. A posthumous novel entitled, 
"Ducibel," was published some years af- 
ter that event. 

The personality of Henry Peterson pre- 
sents an interesting study, combining as 
it did the characteristics of the journal- 
ist, the novelist and the poet. Fitted to 
lead and to contend he yet found in re- 
tirement a congenial atmosphere and the 
longed for opportunity for the exercise 
of his imaginative and poetic genius. His 
fearlessness in behalf of all he deemed 
right was shown in his espousal of the 
anti-slavery cause. His disposition was 
kindly and companionable, and his attach- 
ments were warm and constant. 

Henry Peterson married, October 28, 
1842, Sarah, daughter of Benjamin and 
Catherine (Jackson) Webb, of Wilming- 
ton, Delaware. She was born in Wil- 
mington, Delaware, November 9, 1820. 
All her original ancestors in America, on 
both her father's and her mother's side, 
were English Quakers, who, following 
the coming of William Penn, settled in 
Chester county, between the years 1682 
and 1725. 

Webb Arms — Argent a bezant on a chief or, 
three martlets gules. 

Crest — Out of an Eastern coronet or, a dexter 
arm erect couped at the elbow, habited azure 
cuffed argent, holding in the hand a slip of laurel, 
all proper. 

Much of the early life of Mrs. Peterson 
was passed at Harmony Grove, the home 



182 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of her mother's mother, the widow of 
John Jackson, near London Grove, Ches- 
ter county, and to this beautiful spot, an 
estate of about four hundred acres, two 
acres of which had been cultivated by 
her grandfather as a sort of botanical 
garden, she used to look back, in after 
years, as to an earthly paradise. She 
possessed a passionate fondness for flow- 
ers and plants, and for a country life. 
Though scrupulously faithful in the per- 
formance of her domestic duties, she yet 
seemed to find time for the cultivation of 
many accomplishments — reading and 
speaking French and German, painting in 
water-colors, and writing, with grace and 
distinction, both prose and poetry. For 
the latter, especially, she possessed a rare 
gift. The character of this beautiful 
woman was essentially gentle and femi- 
nine ; sweetness and light seemed ever to 
radiate from her; and in her life was typi- 
fied all that was best in the religion of 
George Fox and William Penn. If she 
had any fault it was that she was not 
aggressive enough for this rough world ; 
but to the writer of these lines (her son, 
Arthur Peterson) she seemed to have no 
faults whatever ; and looking back across 
the years he can, even now, discern none. 
Mr. and Mrs. Peterson were the parents 
of nine children, two of whom died in 
early childhood. Of those who survived, 
a son, Arthur, is represented in this work 
by a biography, which follows. The home 
life of Mr. and Mrs. Peterson was ideal. 
On April 19, 1891, the devoted wife and 
mother passed away at her home in Ger- 
mantown, Philadelphia, and was buried 
in Laurel Hill Cemetery. Her husband 
did not long survive her. On October 10, 
1&91, he breathed his last, deeply and sin- 
cerely mourned and widely and deserv- 
edly honored. 

As that of a man of letters the name of 
Henry Peterson holds and will continue 



to hold an assured place, but it is on his 
long leadership of the oldest and, in many 
respects, the most distinguished of Amer- 
ican journals that he rests his claim to 
national and enduring renown. 



PETERSON, Arthur, 

Author, Naval Officer. 

The name of Arthur Peterson, man of 
letters and retired naval officer, has long 
been nationally familiar to his fellow- 
countrymen. Mr. Peterson's many years 
of service were spent in different quarters 
of the globe, but he has now been long 
established as a resident of his native 
Philadelphia to whom, during his period 
of wandering, his heart ever remained 
loyal. 

Arthur Peterson was born September 
20, 1851, in Philadelphia, and is a son of 
Henry and Sarah (Webb) Peterson. A 
biography of Henry Peterson, who has 
been many years deceased, precedes this 
account. The families of Peterson and 
Webb are of English origin, and have 
long been represented in the Society of 
Friends, having secured land in and near 
Philadelphia between the years 1682 and 
1725- 

The education of Arthur Peterson was 
received in private schools of his native 
city, and at the age of nineteen or twenty 
he became assistant editor of the "Satur- 
day Evening Post," of which his father 
was then editor and publisher. When 
the paper passed into other hands, Mr. 
Peterson entered the United States Navy 
as a paymaster, receiving his appointment 
on February 23, 1877, and being stationed 
at League Island. In 1877-78 he was sta- 
tioned on the "Canonicus," and from 1879 
in 1883 he served on the "Palos" in Jap- 
anese and Chinese waters. From 1884 
to 1886 he held the position of inspector 
and paymaster at the navy yard at Pen- 



1 S 3 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sacola, Florida. In 1887-88 he made a 
cruise on the "Iroquois" of the Pacific 
Squadron, and in 1889-90 was stationed 
on a store ship, the "Monongahela." In 
October, 1890, he was made assistant gen- 
eral storekeeper of the New York Navy 
Yard, remaining until July, 1892. He was 
then ordered to the "Monocacy," of the 
Asiatic Station, and in May, 1894, was 
transferred to the Naval Home in Phila- 
delphia, where he remained until March, 
1897. In April, 1897, he was again at- 
tached to the "Monocacy," serving there 
until 1898. In that year, which brought 
him the climax of his naval career, he was 
ordered to the "Baltimore," of Admiral 
Dewey's fleet at Manila. In September, 
1902, he resigned from the naval service, 
with an honorable record of twenty-five 
years' duration. 

On returning to civil life Mr. Peterson 
again turned his attention to literature 
and has since devoted himself to author- 
ship, having published a number of poet- 
ical volumes, including: "Songs of New 
Sweden," 1887; "Penrhyn's Pilgrimage," 
1894; "Collected Poems," 1900; "Sigurd," 
1910; "Collected Poems" (Revised) and 
"Andvari's Ring," 1916. Of Mr. Peter- 
son's personal appearance it is unneces- 
sary to speak at length, inasmuch as his 
portrait belongs with that of his distin- 
guished father. His expression is keen, 
but kindly, and his manner has the alert- 
ness and decision of the naval officer and 
the polish of the man of letters and the 
gentleman. He belongs to various clubs 
and societies, among them being the 
Union League, Colonial Society of Penn- 
sylvania, Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania, and Military Order of Foreign 
Wars. 

Mr. Peterson married, March 30, 1891, 
Georgiana, daughter of the late Charles 
J. and Anna Margaret (Reel) Harrah. 
Mr. Harrah, who at one time resided at 



Rio Janiero, Brazil, was afterward prom- 
inent in the business world and social life 
of Philadelphia. By this marriage Mr. 
Peterson gained the companionship of a 
charming and congenial woman, and one 
well fitted in all ways to be his helpmate 
and adviser. A woman of grace, charm 
and tact, her position in Philadelphia so- 
ciety was an enviable one, and the Peter- 
son home, "Red Gates," at Overbrook, 
was the centre of a gracious and genial 
hospitality. A man of strong domestic 
affections, Mr. Peterson ever found in 
his home the sources of his highest happi- 
ness. She who was the presiding genius 
of his fireside passed away September 19, 
1911. 

To the literary fame with which, for 
three-quarters of a century, the name of 
Peterson has been invested, Arthur Pet- 
erson, by his writings, has added new 
lustre, combining with it the record of a 
brave and faithful officer of the United 
States Navy. 



COOKE, Jay, 

Financier of World-wide Fame. 

Philadelphia has been so fortunate as 
to number among her citizens many men 
eminent in every walk of life and not a 
few of international renown. Of these 
none was of nobler fame than Jay Cooke, 
"financier of the Civil War," who, at a 
time of unprecedented crisis, came for- 
ward as the savior of the Nation. Mr. 
Cooke's later life was in harmony with his 
earlier years inasmuch as it was that of 
a high-minded man of affairs devoted to 
the service of his country and the uplift- 
ing of humanity. 

Henry Cook (as the name was origi- 
nally spelled), founder of the American 
branch of the family, was manifestly an 
English Puritan, his name being first met 
with in 1638 in the town records of Salem, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Massachusetts. Henry Cook married, in 
1639, Judith Burdsall, and died in 1661, 
leaving nine children, the eldest twenty- 
two and the youngest four years of age. 

(II) Samuel Cook, second son of Hen- 
ry and Judith (Burdsall) Cook, who, in 
1663, went to New Haven, Connecticut, 
migrated thence, about 1670, to Walling- 
ford, going with the first company of 
planters and becoming the only tanner 
and shoemaker in the settlement. He 
married, in New Haven, Hope, daughter 
of Edward Parker, and his children — he 
was twice married — were fifteen in num- 
ber. 

(III) Samuel (2) Cook, eldest son of 
Samuel (1) Cook. 

(IV) Asaph Cook, fourteenth child of 
Samuel (2) Cook, was born in 1720, and 
removed to Granville, a town in Southern 
Massachusetts. His death occurred in 
1792. 

(V) Asaph (2) Cook, third son of 
Asaph (1) Cook, was born in 1748, and, 
with his brothers, bore arms at the battle 
of Lexington. Later Asaph (2) Cook re- 
moved to Granville, Washington county, 
New York, and late in life went to San- 
dusky, Ohio, where he died in 1826. 

(VI) Eleutheros Cooke, son of Asaph 
(2) Cook, was born December 25, 1787, 
in Grenville, Washington county, New 
York, being one of a large family of sons 
and daughters. He attended the schools 
of the neighborhood and read law, enjoy- 
ing for a time the instruction of the fa- 
mous Chancellor Kent. He was admitted 
to the bar in his native State, and in 1817 
began the practice of his profession in 
Granville, but in 1819 removed to Bloom- 
ingdale, Ohio, and in 1820 settled in San- 
dusky, where he attained a leading place 
at the bar. For a number of years he was 
a member of the Ohio Legislature, and 
from 183 1 to 1833 represented the Whig 
party in Congress. He was a pioneer in 



railroad building in the West, being the 
projector of the Mad River & Lake Erie 
Railroad, now the Sandusky, Dayton & 
Cincinnati Railroad. Mr. Cooke married, 
December 12, 1812, Martha, daughter of 
David Carswell, of Fort Edward, Wash- 
ington county, a Revolutionary soldier 
who suffered a long imprisonment in Can- 
ada, and they became the parents of the 
following children: Sarah E., wife of 
William G. Moorhead ; Pitt; Jay, men- 
tioned below ; Henry David, first gover- 
nor of the District of Columbia; Eleu- 
theros, died at the age of two years ; and 
Catherine E., lived to be but three years 
old. Mr. Cooke died in Sandusky, Decem- 
ber 2-j, 1864. 

(VII) Jay Cooke, son of Eleutheros 
and Martha (Carswell) Cooke, was born 
August 10, 1821, and received his educa- 
tion in the village school, at a private 
school taught by Miss Lydia Stone, "a 
cousin of much talent and many accom- 
plishments," to use his own words, and 
also, as he goes on to say, "in a private 
academy taught by Mr. Adams in the 
basement of Grace Episcopal Church." 
At the age of fourteen he obtained a clerk- 
ship with the firm of Hubbard & Lester, 
in Sandusky, and in 1836 was offered a 
position with Seymour & Bool of St. 
Louis. There he remained for about a 
year, returning at the end of that time 
to Sandusky, and in the spring of 1838 
went to Philadelphia to become a clerk 
in the establishment of his brother-in-law, 
William G. Moorhead, manager of the 
Washington Packet Line. At the end of 
six months he returned to Sandusky, but 
in the spring of 1839 found himself once 
more in Philadelphia, having been offered 
a position in the banking house of E. W. 
Clark & Company. 

This was the real beginning of a finan- 
cial career which was destined to become 
involved with the most momentous na- 

85 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tional interests. His unusual talents and 
strict fidelity to every obligation caused 
him soon to be placed in a position of 
great responsibility. This was the period 
of the great financial upheaval caused by 
the refusal of President Jackson to re- 
charter the second Bank of the United 
States, and for so young a man as Jay 
Cooke to make himself a factor of import- 
ance at a time like this was proof of his 
possession of the financial genius which 
was to develop so marvellously with the 
lapse of years. One who saw the young 
clerk at his post thus describes him : 
"Cooke, as I recall him at that time, was 
tall, slender, light-haired, blue-eyed, fair- 
complexioned and of radiant countenance. 
I know not with what word I can better 
describe the smile of the mouth and the 
eye, the ever present winsome and intelli- 
gent expression resting upon that unusual 
face, which always met you so silently, 
but always so pleasantly. Brightness and 
cheerfulness characterized his whole per- 
sonality. Every movement, every step, 
every motion of hand and arm was a 
bright one." 

Ere many years had elapsed Mr. Cooke 
became a partner in the firm, and his 
counsel and aid were sought and given in 
the various large operations in which the 
house played a leading part for a long 
period. These were difficult years for 
American brokers and bankers, and in 
1857 came the great panic which deranged 
all calculations in the business world. 
Mr. Cooke, who had been contemplating 
retirement from the firm ever since Mr. 
Clark's death, which had occurred the 
previous year, was now involved in diffi- 
culties from which he could not for some 
time extricate himself. Soon occurred the 
simultaneous suspension of all the houses 
of E. W. Clark & Company, but through- 
out the excitement Jay Cooke was calm, 
facing this crisis as all others with an ab- 



solutely unruffled temper. Withdrawing 
from the arena he busied himself in pro- 
tecting the interests of the estate and in 
adjusting his own affairs. He was now 
a man of comparative leisure, but the su- 
preme service of his life was yet to be 
required of him. 

In January, 1861, Mr. Cooke, in asso- 
ciation with William G. Moorhead, organ- 
ized the famous banking firm of Jay 
Cooke & Company. It was a dark hour 
in which to found a new business, espec- 
ially a banking business. The dark clouds 
of impending Civil War had already gath- 
ered and the entire country was in a state 
of great unsettlement. Mr. Cooke's in- 
troduction to his fellow-citizens as a pub- 
lic financier was promptly and sweepingly 
effected through his sale, early in 1861, 
of the Pennsylvania State Loan of three 
million dollars. About this time he was 
tendered the office of treasurer of the mint 
and assistant treasurer, but declined it, 
wishing to give his entire attention to the 
larger and more congenial work of secur- 
ing subscriptions for government loans. 
When tidings came of the defeat at Bull 
Run he dropped all other occupations, 
visited his fellow bankers and brokers and 
in a few hours collected nearly two mil- 
lion dollars for the government. 

This signal service, together with Mr. 
Cooke's subsequent extraordinary zeal 
and efficiency in the sale of government 
notes, raised him in the eyes of the treas- 
ury department to an eminence not en- 
joyed by any other American financier 
and led to his appointment as sole sub- 
scription agent for national loans. In 
February, 1862, Jay Cooke & Company 
opened a banking house in Washington 
and his services to the government were 
materially increased. At the end of 1862 
occurred the third financial crisis in the 
history of the war when relief was found 
in the great and successful "five-twenty" 



186 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



loan. To Mr. Cooke, and to him alone, is 
due the credit for this brilliant financial 
operation which was a factor of vast im- 
portance in deciding the fate of the Union. 
In February, 1863, he performed his first 
great feat of going into the market to 
support government stocks, and the es- 
tablishment of the national banking sys- 
tem was very largely due to his efforts. 
His appointment, in January, 1865, as 
Philadelphia general agent for the sale of 
government loans was the signal for the 
adoption of all those methods in regard ' ■ 
the seven-thirty loan which had been so 
successfully employed in the distribution 
of the five-twenty. The history of finance, 
public or private, shows no movement in 
any way comparing with the unique cam- 
paign by which Jay Cooke popularized 
and sold the great seven-thirty loan. The 
money procured through this agency paid 
the troops who brought the war to an 
end and facilitated the disbandment of the 
largest body of soldiery ever assembled 
on this Continent, returning them to their 
homes with their wages in their pockets 
and with words of praise in their mouths 
for the country which had sent them forth 
to fight its battles. 

Neither then nor for many years after 
were the inestimable services of Jay 
Cooke fully realized, but it is pleasant to 
remember that they were understood and 
appreciated by the wise and brave soldier 
then in command of our army. In March, 
1865, when Jay Cooke, Jr., was about to 
start on a trip to Fortress Monroe and 
thought it probable that he should see 
General Grant while in Virginia he tele- 
graphed his father, asking if he had any 
message to send the commander. The 
reply was : "Tell the general to push the 
fighting. We will supply all the money 
that is needed." This message was deliv- 
ered and in reply General Grant said: 
"Tell your father that I appreciate his 



message and his services. Tell him that 
he is doing more than all the generals in 
the army; for without his aid we could 
not do any fighting." 

When the storm and stress of the con- 
flict had become things of the past Mr. 
Cooke turned his attention to a variety 
of enterprises including coal, iron and 
railway interests, and also the life insur- 
ance business. His favorite enterprises, 
however, were railway companies with 
some of which he had become connected 
during the war. For many years he had 
been warmly interested in the project of 
building a railroad to the Pacific coast, 
and in 1866 he identified himself with the 
cause, becoming, eventually, its heart and 
soul. In 1870 Jay Cooke & Company be- 
came the financial agents of the Northern 
Pacific Railroad and thenceforth Mr. 
Cooke imparted to the project the im- 
mense impetus of his vitalizing energy. 
He was always enthusiastically interested 
in the development of the Northwest, and 
its progress during a period of many years 
was, perhaps, due more to his efforts than 
to those of any other one man. Then 
came the panic of 1873 when the historic 
house of Jay Cooke & Company was 
forced to suspend. Never was this great 
man greater than in this hour. One who 
was then a clerk in the Philadelphia house 
says : "I shall never forget the evening 
of that fateful 18th of September, 1873. 
* * * To every one in the building the 
failure was a personal grief. It was our 
failure. About five o'clock Mr. Cooke, 
wearing his broad-brimmed felt hat and 
his long cloak, emerged from his private 
office and with head bowed walked slowly 
across the banking house and out through 
the door into the street. * * * Every 
heart in the great room went out to our 
stricken chief." 

Within a few years Mr. Cooke was en- 
abled, in great part, to repair his fallen 
87 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



fortunes, largely through the gratitude 
of one whom he had, when a Philadelphia 
banker, assisted in the hour of need. 
Thus the closing years of this noble life 
were passed in the ease and prosperity 
which its labors and achievements had so 
richly merited. 

In educational, charitable and religious 
institutions Mr. Cooke was always deeply 
interested. He was a vice-president of 
the Citizens' Association of Pennsylvania 
and of the National Asylum for Disabled 
Volunteer Soldiers. He made large dona- 
tions to the Sanitary Fair and actively 
aided in the work of the Christian Com- 
mission. For several years he contributed 
six hundred dollars annually to Princeton 
University to support a prize fellowship 
in mathematics. He was a trustee of the 
Divinity School of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church in West Philadelphia, arid 
in 1864 gave it thirty thousand dollars in 
United States ten-forty coupon bonds to 
endow a chair of Pulpit Eloquence and 
Pastoral Care. The endowment was in- 
creased by later gifts and accretions until 
it stands to-day at fifty-four thousand 
dollars, being known as the Jay Cooke 
Professorship of Homileties. In May, 
1866, Mr. Cooke gave Bishop Lee, of 
Iowa, ten thousand dollars in aid of Gris- 
wold College in that State, and in the 
same year twenty-five thousand dollars 
(later increased to thirty thousand) to 
found a chair at Kenyon College at Gam- 
bier, Ohio, where Bishop Bedell was in- 
creasing the endowment of the theolog- 
ical seminary. In 1890 Mr. Cooke do- 
nated five thousand dollars to the Divinity 
School at Cambridge, Massachusetts. He 
was long the president or vice-president 
of the American Sunday School Union to 
which he gave freely, sending it, in 1S67, 
five thousand dollars to further its work 
in the South. During his early years in 
Philadelphia Mr. Cooke attended the 



Methodist Protestant church at Eleventh 
and Wood streets, and after his marriage 
he and his wife became members of St. 
Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church on 
Third street below Walnut. To the close 
of his life Mr. Cooke maintained his con- 
nection with the Protestant Episcopal 
church, most bountifully contributing to 
its support and generously aiding in its 
work. 

The secret of Mr. Cooke's wonderful 
success in his work for the government 
has been eagerly but vainly sought, but 
a study of his life and personality seems 
to prove that it lay, apart from his mar- 
vellous abilities, in a singularly magnetic 
individuality, the subtle, fascinating pow- 
er of a man who, always confident him- 
self, knew how to impart to others the 
overflowing enthusiasm of his nature. 
Ardently loved as a leader he was also 
greatly feared, the mere mention of his 
name terrorizing gold hoarders, disloyal 
speculators and "bears" on government 
bonds in Wall street. To his financial 
genius he added rare clarity of vision, his 
quick mind grasping situations in an in- 
stant and thus rendering that unhesitating 
action which was always one of his sali- 
ent characteristics rich in much needed 
and much desired results. Possessing 
the very highest sense of honor all his 
business relations were invested with a 
certain moral grandeur which becomes 
more and more impressive as time reveals 
in their true light his great work and 
noble character. To his loyalty in friend- 
ship a multitude, many of whom have 
now passed to the Great Beyond, could 
most abundantly testify. The description 
already quoted of Mr. Cooke's personal 
appearance as a young man might well 
be supplemented by one which would 
show him as he was in his latter years 
when, clad in his great cape cloak and 
with his wide-brimmed, light-gray soft 



iSS 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



felt hat set over a gentle face adorned by 
a long white beard, he looked like the pa- 
triarch he was. But this is not within the 
province of the biographer. It belongs 
to the artist to execute a portrait which, 
in time to come, will be grouped with 
those of the two men whose names are 
the most sacred in our national history 
inasmuch as it was Jay Cooke who, in the 
darkest days of the Civil War, aided Lin- 
coln to preserve what Washington had 
created. 

Mr. Cooke married, August 21, 1844, 
Dorothea Elizabeth, daughter of Richard 
Nun and Sarah (Hughes) Allen, of Bal- 
timore, Maryland, and they became the 
parents of the following children: 1. Jay, 
Jr., whose sketch follows. 2. Laura El- 
mina, born 1849; married Charles D. Bar- 
ney, whose sketch follows. 3. Caroline 
Clara, born 1850, died in infancy. 4. Sarah 
Esther, born 1852, became the wife of 
John M. Butler. 5. Dora Elizabeth, born 
1853, died in infancy. 6. Catharine Moor- 
head, born 1855, died in her ninth year. 
7. Pitt, born 1856, died in infancy. 8. 
Henry Eleutheros, born 1857; graduated 
at Princeton University and entered the 
ministry of the Protestant Episcopal 
church ; married Esther Clarkson, daugh- 
ter of William Russell, a banker of Lewis- 
town, Pennsylvania. The marriage of 
Mr. Cooke was an extremely happy one, 
resting as it did upon perfect sympathy 
of taste and feeling. Love of home and 
family were ever dominant motives with 
him and never was he so happy as at the 
fireside presided over by his cherished 
life-companion. For a time Mr. and Mrs. 
Cooke resided in Philadelphia and then, 
in 1858, took up their abode at "The 
Cedars," on the old York road among the 
Chelten hills. In 1866 they moved to 
"Ogontz," built by Mr. Cooke and named 
in memory of an Indian chief who had 
been one of the familiar figures of his 



childhood. This house was said to be 
one of the "private palaces" of America 
and was famed for its hospitalities and 
benevolences. Here it was that the de- 
voted wife and mother, the joy and sun- 
shine of the home, passed away on July 
21, 1871. After the reverses of 1873 Mr. 
Cooke left "Ogontz," not returning when 
his fortunes mended, but instead convert- 
ing the mansion into a school for girls, 
an institution which acquired a national 
reputation and in which he always took 
a special interest. The last twenty-five 
years of Mr. Cooke's life were spent at 
"Eildon," the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Barney, on the York road. So great was 
Mr. Cooke's enjoyment of domestic life 
that he never belonged to any club but the 
Union League of which he was one of the 
founders. 

It was at "Eildon" that Mr. Cooke 
closed a long and most honorable career, 
a career of noble service to his City, his 
State and his Country. On February 16, 
1905, he breathed his last, leaving a record 
in which his descendants, to the remotest 
generation, may take just and worthy 
pride. He was a man of marvellous gifts, 
for with the brain of a great financier he 
possessed a heart that "loved his fellow- 
men." 

Among the many tributes offered to the 
character and work of Mr. Cooke was the 
following, taken, in part, from a Philadel- 
phia paper: 

The death of Jay Cooke, the veteran financier, 
must cause a sigh of regret as wide as this con- 
tinent. While his great work was finished long 
ago he lingered as a living reminder of two 
memorable epochs with which his name was in- 
separalably linked. In the one he was the master 
spirit and in the other he was the supreme un- 
fortunate. These two epochs covered the period 
of the Civil War and the great panic of 1873. 
While from the first he emerged with unparalleled 
financial power, world-wide fame and a great 
fortune and from the second he walked forth a 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



penniless man, he came from both with an equal 
measure of personal honor and credit. 

Jay Cooke was the financier of the Union dur- 
ing the Civil War. Not only was he the banker 
who sold for the United States government many 
hundred millions of bonds, but the patriot who 
preached faith in the Union when even strong 
men halted. His banking house in Third street 
was the cornucopia from which flowed a steady 
and powerful stream of gold to feed the national 
treasury. The government asked of him no serv- 
ice in the field of finance that was too hazardous 
for him to perform successfully. No burden in 
the shape of unmarketable bonds was too heavy 
for him to carry. There was real heroism in some 
of the deeds by which Jay Cooke maintained the 
credit of the Nation and so kept the Federal 
armies in the field and the Union's warships on 
the seas. This splendid service was fully recog- 
nized by Lincoln and Grant. Without a Cooke 
the mighty plans of those two could not have been 
carried on so triumphantly. 

When the war was over the banker-patriot 
turned his vast abilities in many directions and 
prospered. He projected the Northern Pacific 
Railroad, but as he often said himself afterwards, 
"the Franco-Prussian war came a few days too 
soon." The fifty million dollars pledged by Euro- 
pean bankers was withdrawn when that conflict 
started and Cooke was unable to float the enter- 
prise in America. This eventually led to his own 
failure and the dismal panic of 1873. To his 
everlasting honor this man, who had financed the 
Nation during a long and costly war, paid to his^-' 
creditors every dollar that he owed them. There 
was no shrinking nor evasion. Jay Cooke met 



More than half a century has elapsed 
since this man of heroic memory stretched 
forth his strong hand to enable us to re- 
main an undivided Nation. A new era 
has dawned. The mists of detraction are 
dispelled and we see his action in its true 
light as the action of a man whose su- 
preme passion was love of country. But 
the day of perfect comprehension and ap- 
preciation — which will surely come — has 
not yet arrived, for the human race must 
reach a higher level than it has now at- 
tained before it can render full justice to 
this great-souled, pure-hearted patriot. 



COOKE, Jay, Jr. 

Financier. 

The name of the late Jay Cooke, Jr., 
banker, is one of those accorded the trib- 
ute of wide recognition in his home city 
of Philadelphia and the far more valuable 
homage never given save to worth of 
character and rectitude of life. 
/Jay Cooke, Jr., son of Jay and Dorothea 
Elizabeth (Allen) Cooke, was born Aug- 
ust 10, 1845, i n °ld Congress Hall (a 
hotel), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
While he was still a youth the stirring 
events of the Civil War aroused in him 



the patriotic ardor which has always been 
personal disaster as courageously as he had faced characteristic of his^&^Wd'.he enlisted 
national catastrophe and ' ' 



ikewise triumphed 
Philadelphia has a peculiar right to feel proud 
of Jay Cooke. He was one of a trio of her 
sons, or adopted sons, who supplied their coun- 
try with funds in war-time. Robert Morris was 
the financier of the Revolution. Stephen Girard 
advanced millions in the struggle of 1812. Jay 
Cooke financed the cause of the Union during the 
Rebellion. 

Personally the veteran banker was lovable, gen- 
tle and philanthropic. He seemed to radiate sun- 
shine. He was an optimist who saw good all 
around him. He believed in his fellowmen and in 
his country and he helped both. He bore his 
unequalled triumph no more serenely than his 
misfortune. Jay Cooke's long and useful life was 
crowded with incidents that ought to be at once 
a hope and an inspiration for every American. 



in the Gray Reserves. Those were the 
days when General Lee carried the war 
into Pennsylvania, and Mr. Cooke was 
under fire at Carlisle very shortly before 
the battle of Gettysburg. On that famous 
field his regiment was not represented, 
but later did good service in the vicinity 
of Hagerstown. 

Immediately after the close of the war 
Mr. Cooke became a partner in his fa- 
ther's famous banking house, and in 1869 
became a member of the Philadelphia 
Stock Exchange, maintaining his connec- 
tion with that body to the close of his life. 
He also occupied a seat on the board of 




J&t^&^s , {y / ?- 








4^c\SlJ(jL^ 




fr/V-^^c^c/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



directors of the Guarantee Trust Com- 
pany. After the memorable financial 
crash of 1873, when even the great house 
of Jay Cooke & Company failed to weath- 
er the storm, Jay Cooke, Jr., formed the 
banking house of C. D. Barney & Com- 
pany with Mr. Barney his brother-in-law. 
" He later retired from partnership in this 
firm. 

The same spirit of patriotism which had 
led Mr. Cooke, when a youth of eighteen, 
to enroll himself among the defenders of 
the Union made him, in his maturer 
years, a man truly civic-spirited, and ac- 
tive in all projects which in his judgment 
tended to further municipal reform and 
impart strength to the cause of good 
government. His political principles 
were those advocated by the Republican 
party. He was bountiful in his charities, 
but preferred that his benefactions should 
be bestowed with an entire absence of 
ostentation. He was a member of the 
Episcopal church. He belonged to the 
Union League, the Huntingdon Valley 
Country Club and several clubs of New 
York City. Mr. Cooke was a man of 
most attractive personality, quiet and 
somewhat undemonstrative, but reveal- 
ing in the intercourse of daily life a rare 
capacity for friendship and a nature rich 
in those qualities which endear a man to 
all those of whatever class who are in any 
way associated with him. 

On April 23, 1868, Mr. Cooke married 
Clara Alice, daughter of the late J. Bar- 
low and Elizabeth (Hirons) Moorhead, 
of Philadelphia. On another page of this 
volume may be found a full account of the 
Moorhead family with a portrait of J. 
Barlow Moorhead and the Moorhead 
Arms. Mr. and Mrs. Cooke became the 
parents of two children: 1. Caroline 
Clara, born August 29, 1870; became the 
wife of Robert Wilder Bush, of Boston, 
Massachusetts, and has a daughter, Alice 



Gardner Bush, born February 24, 1901. 
2. Jay, born April 22, 1872; member of 
the banking house of C. D. Barney & 
Company, Philadelphia and New York; 
married Nina Louise Benson, daughter 
of the late Edwin North Benson, of Phil- 
adelphia, and has a son: Jay, born April 
2, 1897, now a first lieutenant in the 
United States Army. Jay Cooke, Jr., was 
a man of strong family affections and had 
the joy of seeing in his son the develop- 
ment of those talents which he himself 
had inherited from his father. Jay Cooke, 
the third, is now a leader in the financial 
world of Philadelphia and manifests the 
patriotic spirit of his race by his activity 
in government work for the prosecution 
of the present war with Germany, being 
federal food controller of Philadelphia 
county. 

In the latter years of his life Mr. Cooke 
withdrew from the turmoil of the financial 
arena, and on December 16, 1912, he 
passed away, being still in the full matur- 
ity of his powers. While inheriting his 
father's powers, he was not granted an 
equally conspicuous opportunity for their 
exercise, but in his own day, albeit not 
of such signal storm and stress, he stood 
forth as a man of the noblest motives and 
the highest purposes. 



BARNEY, Charles Dennis, 

Man of Affairs. 

Among the solid business men of Phil- 
adelphia must be numbered Charles D. 
Barney, a prominent representative of 
the banking interests of that city, and 
officially connected with many other busi- 
ness institutions. 

Charles Dennis Barney was born in 
Sandusky, Ohio, July 9, 1844. His father, 
Charles Barney, a native of New York, 
became a grain merchant of Sandusky, 
where he conducted an extensive business 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



until his death, which occurred at the 
comparatively early age of thirty-seven 
years, one of the victims of the cholera 
epidemic of 1849. He was well known 
for his charity and philanthropy. The 
ancestry of the family is traced back in 
direct line to Jacob Barney, who sailed 
from England in 1634 and settled at Sal- 
em, Massachusetts. The mother, Eliza- 
beth Caldwell (Dennis) Barney, was a 
representative of an old New York fam- 
ily ; her maternal uncle was a lifelong 
friend of Eleutheros Cooke, the father of 
Jay Cooke, and emigrated to Ohio with 
him. Mrs. Barney passed away Decem- 
ber 16, 1908. 

Charles D. Barney received his educa- 
tion in the public schools of Sandusky, 
and afterward spent two years in the 
hardware store of an uncle there, subse- 
quent to which time he entered the Uni- 
versity of Michigan. A year later, how- 
ever, he left that school to enlist in the 
one hundred days' service, doing guard 
duty in Washington during that period. 
When mustered out he secured a position 
in the Second National Bank of Sandusky, 
the president of which was L. S. Hub- 
bard, the first employer of Jay Cooke, the 
financier. Mr. Barney remained in the 
bank until September, 1867, as clerk and 
bookkeeper, after which he came to Phil- 
adelphia, and on September 18, 1867, en- 
tered the office of Jay Cooke & Company, 
bankers, with whom he remained until 
December, 1873, when in connection with 
Jay Cooke, Jr., he established the firm of 
Charles D. Barney & Company, bankers 
and brokers. In July, 1907, he retired 
from this firm, after thirty-four years' 
association with the business as its head. 
The business, however, is still continued 
under the old firm name with J. Horace 
Harding, Jay Cooke, the third, and others 
as the present partners. 



Although practically retired, Mr. Bar- 
ney still holds various directorships. He 
is trustee of the Penn Mutual Life In- 
surance Company, director of the Hunt- 
ingdon & Broad Top Mountain Railroad 
& Coal Company, and director of the 
Equitable Life Assurance Society of New 
York. He is president of the Hahne- 
mann Medical College and Hospital. He 
is a member of the Union League, Hunt- 
ingdon and Valley Country clubs, of 
Philadelphia; the Bankers Club of New 
York, Ohio Society of Philadelphia, Ohio 
Society of New York, and Pennsylvania 
Society in New York. He is rector's 
warden and one of the oldest vestrymen 
of St. Paul's Church (Cheltenham), 
Ogontz, where he succeeded Jay Cooke 
as rector's warden in 1905. He has also 
been actively identified with its Sunday 
school for many years and has been its 
superintendent since 1900. In politics 
Mr. Barney is a Republican, and every- 
thing pertaining to the welfare and prog- 
ress of his city finds in him a warm sup- 
porter. As a progressive business man 
he is regarded as a safe adviser, his en- 
terprise being tempered by a wise con- 
servatism, and for the same reason his 
influence is potent in all boards upon 
which he serves. 

On April 22, 1869, Mr. Barney married 
Laura E., eldest daughter of Jay Cooke, 
of Philadelphia, and they are the parents 
of the following children : Dorothea, wife 
of J. Horace Harding, of New York ; Eliz- 
abeth, wife of John H. Whittaker, of 
Philadelphia ; Katherine, wife of Joseph 
S. Bunting, of New York; Emily, wife of 
Baron Friederich Hiller von Gaertring- 
en ; Laura, wife of Henry M. Watts, of 
Ogontz, Philadelphia ; and Carlotta, wife 
of Archibald B. Hubbard. A man of 
strong domestic tastes, Mr. Barney finds 
.in his home the sources of his highest 
happiness. 



102 





T ^Xt^pMA^r^ > 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



McCALMONT, John E., 
Lawyer. 

The twentieth century lawyers of Pitts- 
burgh, that is to say, those who have 
come in with the century and are there- 
fore not beyond early middle life, con- 
stitute an increasingly influential class 
among representatives of the bar. Among 
them John E. McCalmont, now in the 
fifteenth year of a successful practice, 
holds a leading position. Mr. McCal- 
mont is identified with the club life of 
the metropolis and also with her religious 
interests. John E. McCalmont was born 
November 29, 1878, in Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, and is a son of 
James Proudfit and Mary Catherine (Mc- 
Farland) McCalmont. The McCalmont 
family is of Scotch-Irish origin and has 
been for many generations resident in 
the United States. 

The elementary education of John E. 
McCalmont was received in the public 
schools of his native county whence he 
passed to the Ingleside Academy at Mc- 
Donald, Pennsylvania. He then entered 
Westminster College, New Wilmington, 
Pennsylvania, and in 1900 received from 
that institution the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. It was in the Law School of the 
Western University of Pennsylvania 
(now the University of Pittsburgh) that 
he pursued his legal studies, graduating 
in 1903 with the degree of Doctor of 
Laws. Immediately thereafter Mr. Mc- 
Calmont entered upon the practice of his 
profession in the office of Henry A. Davis, 
remaining until the death of Mr. Davis, 
which occurred in March, 1910. Some 
years prior to that event Mr. McCalmont 
had established an independent reputa- 
tion for the possession of those qualities 
which go to the making of a successful 
lawyer and this reputation has ever since 



steadily increased. Since the death of 
Mr. Davis he has had no business asso- 
ciate and has become widely and favor- 
ably known as a general practitioner. 

Deeply imbued as he is with the spirit 
of good citizenship Mr. McCalmont never 
loses an opportunity of co-operating in 
any cause which he deems calculated to 
promote municipal reform or in any way 
to further the best interests of the com- 
munity. He belongs to the Allegheny 
County Bar Association, and his clubs 
are the Duquesne, University, Americus 
and Pitt Handball. He is a member of 
the United Presbyterian church. 

The personality of Mr. McCalmont is 
that of a man of strength of character, 
tenacity of purpose and clarity of vision. 
All these are constantly brought into play 
in his work at the bar, as is also the tact 
which enables him to deal wisely and suc- 
cessfully with men widely differing in 
motive, disposition and environment. 
His appearance and manner are those of 
such a man as we have, in the foregoing 
outline, inadequately endeavored to de- 
scribe. He is well liked and numbers 
many friends both within and without 
the pale of his profession. 

Mr. McCalmont married, August 18, 
1915, Sidney A., daughter of Matthew 
and Priscilla (McGinnis) Robinson, of 
Pittsburgh, and they are the parents of 
one child: Agnes Louise. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. McCalmont, the latter a woman of 
most attractive personality, are thorough- 
ly domestic in taste and feeling, and find 
one of their greatest pleasures in the ex- 
ercise of hospitality. 

The record of John E. McCalmont, as 
it now stands, justifies the belief that, in 
its completed form, it will constitute a 
worthy chapter in the history of the Pitts- 
burgh bar. 



193 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



SIMPSON, G. Wallace, 

Mortgage Broker. 

Well known among the younger gen- 
eration of business men in Philadelphia 
is G. Wallace Simpson, mortgage broker, 
who was born in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, July 22, 1877, son °f tne l ate Lewis 
P. and Sarah (Price) Simpson. Lewis P. 
Simpson, father of G. Wallace Simpson, 
was one of Philadelphia's best known real 
estate dealers ; his death occurred in 
May, 1908. 

G. Wallace Simpson received his edu- 
cation in the public and private schools 
of Philadelphia, and then entered the real 
estate business, being associated with his 
father, the firm name being L. P. Simp- 
son & Son. This continued until the 
death of the elder Simpson, in 1908, at 
which time Mr. Simpson changed his line 
of endeavor, and has since specialized as 
a mortgage broker. In this he has won 
a commanding position, and has placed 
mortgages on some of the city's finest 
buildings, among them being the Belle- 
vue-Stratford Hotel, the St. James Hotel, 
Lennox Apartments, Swarthmore Apart- 
ments, and the recently completed Medi- 
cal Arts Building, corner Walnut and 
Sixteenth streets. The scope of Mr. 
Simpson's activities are not confined to 
Philadelphia, but extend as far as the 
Pacific coast, where he has been success- 
ful in placing many large mortgages. He 
is also vice-president and director of the 
Medical Arts Realty Company, of Phil- 
adelphia. In politics Mr. Simpson is a 
Republican, but has never held office. 
tVmong his clubs is the New York Ath- 
letic. 

On October 4, 1900, Mr. Simpson mar- 
ried Charlotte E., daughter of Captain 
John and Frances Livers, of Boston, 
Massachusetts. 



MILNE, Caleb Jones, 

Man of Affairs, Philanthropist. 

If success is to be measured by indus- 
trial achievement, by distinguished effort 
in many public charities and benevolent 
projects, and by the holding of offices of 
responsibility and honor, the life of Caleb 
Jones Milne, of Philadelphia, conveys a 
lesson to those who would emulate his 
career. 

The characteristics of his Scotch fore- 
bears, unceasing energy and insistent de- 
termination, were derived from his father, 
David Milne (1787-1873) who had come 
from Aberdeen, Scotland, in 1827; and 
through his mother, Beulah Thomas 
(Parker) Milne (1810-1887) of old Eng- 
lish Quaker ancestry, he inherited those 
qualities of mind and heart that have 
made the Quaker sect respected and es- 
teemed for its integrity and uprightness. 

He was born January 4, 1839, at the 
family home, No. 7 Church street, Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania, adjoining old 
Christ Church, the second son and third 
child of his parents. Even then, the boys' 
boarding school was popular, for at eight 
years of age he was sent with his brother, 
Francis Forbes, two years his senior, to 
"Inverary Farm," at New Britain, near 
Doylestown, Pennsylvania, where George 
Murray, a noted Scotch educator, had 
about thirty scholars. In 1850-51 he was 
a pupil at the Episcopal Academy. Hav- 
ing slight inclination to study, but being 
exceedingly industrious by disposition, 
he entered in 1855 the mill of his father, 
"The Caledonia Factory," Nos. 1818-1830 
Lombard street, a manufactory of cotton 
and woolen goods, where now stands the 
Polyclinic section of the Medico-Chir- 
urgical Graduate School of Medicine of 
the University of Pennsylvania. The 
business had been established by his 
father in 1830, under the firm name of 



194 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



David Milne, changed to David Milne & 
Son in 1836 when his son, James Milne 
(1810-1865), became a partner. In 1859 
David Milne retired and his three sons, 
James, Francis Forbes and Caleb Jones, 
continued the business as Milne Brothers. 
In 1865 James Milne died and upon the 
withdrawal of Francis Forbes Milne 
(1837-1912), in 1868, the firm name be- 
came C. J. Milne. About this time the 
mercantile office, which since the begin- 
ning had been at No. 21 Church alley 
(changed later to No. 227 Church street) 
was moved to No. 118 Chestnut street. 

In 1886, eighteen years later, Mr. Milne 
took his two sons, David and Caleb Jones, 
Jr., the present members of the firm, into 
partnership and changed the title to C. J. 
Milne & Sons, under which style the 
business is continued by the third genera- 
tion of the Milne family. During this 
long period of nearly eighty years a great 
variety of goods have been made, dress 
goods, shirtings, flannels, linings, tick- 
ings, bunting, cotton cheviots, men's 
wear, silk goods >and other classes of 
fabrics too numerous to mention. 

During the Civil War, 1862-1863, Caleb 
Jones Milne engaged actively in the work 
of the United States Christian Commis- 
sion. Valuable services were rendered 
by him at Falmouth, Virginia, City Point, 
Virginia, Nashville, Tennessee, and at 
other places, in caring for the sick and 
wounded soldiers both in the field and in 
the hospital. At the close of the Civil 
War his energies were directed again to 
the promotion and enlargement of his 
textile interests. He acquired an addi- 
tional mill at Twenty-first and Naudain 
str.eets, and in 1883 leased part of the 
Bruner mill at Twenty-second and Ham- 
ilton streets, and also a mall in Frank- 
ford, Pennsylvania. In 1887 all of his 
textile interests were concentrated on the 
Brandywine creek, near Wilmington, Del- 



aware, in what were then known as the 
"Brandywine Cotton Mills," where he 
continued to manufacture until 1895. In 
1896 he occupied the extensive buildings 
he had built in Philadelphia on Washing- 
ton avenue, extending from Tenth to 
Eleventh streets, on the ground formerly 
occupied by the Macpelah Cemetery. 

His activity in commercial life led him 
to invest in numerous industrial, mercan- 
tile and financial corporations. He was 
president of the American District Tele- 
graph Company, and for some years was 
president of the Peerless Brick Company 
of Philadelphia. This company was 
noted for the excellence of its pressed 
bricks and ornamental shapes which were 
manufactured on a large plot of ground 
(sixty-eight acres in extent) at Old York 
road and Nicetown lane. The ground is 
now occupied by the offices and car-barns 
of the Philadelphia Rapid Transit Com- 
pany. In 1872-73 he served as president 
of the Bank of America when it was lo- 
cated at No. 306 Walnut street. He had 
assisted in organizing that bank, and he 
was one of the founders of the United 
Security Life Insurance and Trust Com- 
pany of Pennsylvania. In addition he 
held directorships in the Insurance Com- 
pany of the State of Pennsylvania, in the 
American Security and Trust Company, 
of Washington, D. C, and in the corpor- 
ation of Finch, Van Slyck & McConville, 
of St. Paul, Minnesota, the leading whole- 
sale dry goods firm of the Northwest. 

Mr. Milne's philanthropy associated 
him with many charitable institutions. 
He was one of the incorporators and was 
president for thirty-three years (1878- 
1912), of the Pennsylvania Working 
Home for Blind Men, the original insti- 
tution of its kind in the United States ; a 
trustee for thirty-seven years (1875-1912) 
of the Pennsylvania Institution for the 
Deaf and Dumb ; a manager of the How- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ard Hospital for forty years ; and he was 
for ten years (1883-1893), president of 
the Southern Home for Destitute Child- 
ren. He was a member of the advisory 
board of the Hahnemann Hospital, and 
was connected likewise with the Phila- 
delphia Home for Incurables. While 
president of the Pennsylvania Prison So- 
ciety he was appointed, in 1889, by Gov- 
ernor Beaver, one of the inspectors of the 
Eastern State Penitentiary, at Philadel- 
phia, at which time Richard Vaux was 
president of the board. In this executive 
position he assiduously aimed to accom- 
plish the moral and social regeneration of 
prisoners that they might be reformed 
and rehabilitated. The same year he was 
appointed a commissioner to represent 
the State of Pennsylvania at the Univer- 
sal Exposition held in Paris. In 1894 
Governor Robert E. Pattison appointed 
him a delegate-at-large to represent the 
Commonwealth at the Congress of the 
National Prison Association of the United 
States. 

Generous and liberal, his gifts to ben- 
evolent and charitable institutions were 
many, but the majority of his benefac- 
tions were unknown except to the recip- 
ients. There are records of free beds in 
perpetuity having been established by 
him in the following hospitals : The Hah- 
nemann, the Medico-Chirurgical, the 
Pennsylvania, the Polyclinic, the Pres- 
byterian and in the Philadelphia Home 
for Incurables. Numerous testimonials 
were passed after his death expressive of 
the esteem and regard in which Mr. Milne 
was held by the various boards of which 
he was a member. The following resolu- 
tion, passed by the board of directors of 
the Pennsylvania Institution for the Deaf 
and Dumb, on July 24, 1912, is one of 
many: 

Resolved, That the Board of Directors hereby 
record the loss the Institution has sustained by 



the sudden death, in London, England, of Mr. 
Caleb J. Milne, a member of the Board since 
February 3, 1875. During Mr. Milne's long serv- 
ice as a member of the Board he was punctual in 
attendance upon his duties and took the kindli- 
est and most generous interest in the work of the 
Institution. After his election he was assigned to 
duty upon the then Executive Committee and 
served as a member of that Committee until Feb- 
ruary, 1879, when he was appointed a member of 
the Committee on Buildings and Repairs. He 
served upon this latter Committee until 1881, 
when he was appointed a member of the Commit- 
tee on Household and upon this Committee he 
served continuously up to the date of his unfortu- 
nate death. As a member of the Board and of 
different Committees to which he was appointed, 
Mr. Milne was always a faithful member 'and 
ready and willing to do his utmost for the welfare 
of the Institution. Except when he was pre- 
vented by illness or absence from the City he 
never failed to perform the duties assigned to 
him, and during a period of more than thirty- 
seven years he gave freely of his time and means 
to help the Institution and make its teachers and 
pupils comfortable and happy. As a member of 
the Committee on Household he was especially 
scrupulous in the performance of his duty, and 
many of the little comforts that the pupils from 
time to time enjoyed were due to his forethought 
and liberality. 

For nearly forty years he was a mem- 
ber and a bountiful contributor to the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of the Holy 
Trinity, Nineteenth and Walnut streets, 
in which his memory is perpetuated by a 
handsome memorial window. His mem r 
bership in social, patriotic and other or- 
ganizations included the Union League, 
Rittenhouse Club, Art Club, Penn Club 
(a former director), Sons of the Revolu- 
tion, Colonial Society of Pennsylvania, 
Corinthian Yacht Club, Church Club, 
Metropolitan Club of Washington, D. C, 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Al- 
bion Society, Swedish Colonial Society, 
Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania, 
Academy of Political and Social Science, 
and he was a member of Union Lodge, 
No. 121, Free and Accepted Masons; Ka- 
96 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



dosh Commandery, No. 29, Knights Tem- 
plar; a Thirty-second degree Mason. For 
fifty-two years a member of Saint An- 
drews Society of Philadelphia, at one 
time its president (1886-87), he took a 
deep interest in its welfare. This society, 
established in 1749, the oldest purely 
Scotch society in the United States, es- 
pecially attracted him because it repre- 
sented the land of his ancestors. He as- 
sisted in increasing its permanent funds 
and in many other ways was helpful to 
the society. Chiefly through his instru- 
mentality its Historical Catalogue of 1907 
was published, a volume of importance on 
account of the rare biographical records. 

He traveled extensively both in the 
United States and in Europe. His first 
trip to the Continent was with his family 
in 1875. After that he crossed the Atlan- 
tic ocean eighteen times. One of the re- 
sults of his travels was a choice collec- 
tion of paintings and porcelains that 
adorned his town house, No. 2030 Walnut 
street. Genial and magnetic, cordial and 
companionable, travel was a source of 
great pleasure to him, and he was a wel- 
come guest wherever he went. 

In 1883 he acquired from the estate of 
Archibald Campbell, "Roslyn Manor," 
a country seat on School House lane, 
Germantown, nine miles from Philadel- 
phia. The grounds, which include nearly 
fifty acres, border on the Wissahickon 
Drive of Fairmount Park and contain a 
large granite residence that almost over- 
looks the Schuylkill river. In 1858 he 
married Sarah Margaretta Shea, a daugh- 
ter of John Shea ( 1800-1864) and Susan- 
na Barbara (Wolff) Shea (1807-1886), 
of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. They had 
two sons: David, whose sketch follows; 
and Caleb Jones, Jr., born 1861. Mrs. 
Milne died on July 30, 1896. 

The summer of 1912 Mr. Milne went 
to Europe for recreation. The third day 



after landing in Liverpool, in London, on 
June 30, he was knocked down by a taxi- 
cab at Trafalgar Square and was so seri- 
ously injured in the head that he died the 
day following at Charing Cross Hospital. 
After his remains were brought to the 
United States, services were held on July 
13, 1912, at the family country place, 
"Roslyn Manor," and interment was 
made in his burial lot at West Laurel Hill 
Cemetery. 



MILNE, David, 

Manufacturer. Philanthropist. 

David Milne was born in Philadelphia, 
July 24, 1859, son of Caleb Jones and 
Sarah Margaretta (Shea) Milne, and 
grandson of David and Beulah Thomas 
(Parker) Milne. He received his prelim- 
inary education at the Episcopal Acad- 
emy, Philadelphia, and was graduated 
with honors from the Department of Arts 
of the University of Pennsylvania with 
the degree of B. A. in 1881. In 1883 it 
conferred upon him the degree of M. A. 
and in 1885 the degree of Ph. B. He was 
treasurer of the class of 1881, rowed on 
various crews, and for some years was 
president of the College Boat Club. 

He began his business career in the 
banking house of Robert Glendenning & 
Company in 1881-82. Since that time he 
has been connected with, a partner since 
1886, and now is the senior member of 
the firm of C. J. Milne & Sons. The origi- 
nal firm was established in 1830 by his 
grandfather, David Milne, and is one of 
the most extensive manufacturers of tex- 
tiles in Pennsylvania and one of the old- 
est in the United States. In addition to 
this mercantile interest he was until re- 
cently one of the directors of Finch, Van 
Slyck & McConville, of St. Paul, Minne- 
sota, the largest wholesale dry goods cor- 
poration in the Northwest. 



197 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



He was president of the board of trust- 
ees of the Medico-Chirurgical College and 
of the Medico-Chirurgical Hospital when 
they merged with the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1916. They are now desig- 
nated "The Medico-Chirurgical College 
and Hospital Graduate School of Medi- 
cine of the University of Pennsylvania." 
He is a trustee of the University of Penn- 
sylvania ; is one of the past presidents of 
St. Andrew's Society of Philadelphia ; and 
for some years was secretary of the Num- 
ismatic and Antiquarian Society. He is 
a member of the boards of the University 
of Pennsylvania, the Hahnemann Med- 
ical College and Hospital, the United Se- 
curity Trust Company, the Sanitarium 
Association of Philadelphia, the Pennsyl- 
vania Retreat for Blind Mutes and Aged 
and Infirm Blind Persons, the Polyclinic 
Hospital, the Genealogical Society of 
Pennsylvania, and is president of the 
Pennsylvania Working Home for Blind 
Men. He is a member of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, the Franklin In- 
stitute, the Academy of Natural Sciences, 
the American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, the Athenaeum, 
the Photographic Society, the Philobiblon 
Club, the Pen and Pencil Club, the Zoo- 
logical Society, the Geographical Society, 
the New England Society, the Swedish 
Colonial Society and other organizations. 
In 1917 he was appointed by the National 
Red Cross, treasurer of General Hospital 
No. 1, intended for Sailors of the United 
States Navy. 

In lineage he extends in maternal lines 
to noted Colonial families of New Eng- 
land and Pennsylvania. He is ninth in 
descent from Nathaniel Sylvester in 
Long Island, 1652; eighth in descent 
from James Lloyd in Massachusetts, 1693; 
eighth in descent from John Hallowell in 
Pennsylvania, 1683 ; eighth in decent from 
Thomas Clark in New Jersey, 1692 ; sev- 



enth in descent from Walter Newberry in 
Rhode Island, 1673; seventh in descent 
from Jedediah Allen in Massachusetts, 
1646; seventh in descent through his 
grandmother, Beulah Thomas (Parker) 
Milne, from Richard Parker in Pennsyl- 
vania, 1684. 

By right of his Colonial ancestors he 
holds membership in the Society of Col- 
onial Wars, and in the Colonial Society 
of Pennsylvania. Through the patriotic 
services of his great-great-great-grand- 
father, Joseph Parker, who was a member 
of the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1776 
and of the Committee of Safety, he was 
made a member of the Society of the Sons 
of the Revolution. His out-of-door clubs 
are the Corinthian Yacht, the Philadel- 
phia Country, the Huntingdon Valley, the 
Germantown Cricket and the Merion 
Cricket, and his more purely social clubs 
are the University, Racquet, Union 
League, Art, Penn and the Metropolitan 
of Washington. 

Mr. Milne married, April 29, 1896, 
Margaret Love Skerrett, daughter of 
Rear-Admiral Joseph S. Skerrett, United 
States Navy, and Margaret Love (Tay- 
lor) Skerrett, of Washington, D. C. He 
has four sons : Norman Forbes,, born July 
19, 1897; Sidney Wentworth, born Janu- 
ary 10, 1900; Gordon Fairfax and David 
Dudley, born November 10, 1903, and re- 
side at his beautiful and extensive coun- 
try place, "Roslyn Manor," on School 
House lane, Germantown, Pennsylvania, 
an estate comprising nearly fifty acres. 



FERENBACH, Carl, 

Silk Manufacturer. 

The passing of Carl Ferenbach, of 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, just in the 
full prime of his splendid manhood, was 
deeply regretted, not only by those who 
were near to him in family relation but by 



198 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



all who had known him through business 
association or friendly intercourse. He 
was intimately connected with silk manu- 
facture, both in Pennsylvania and New 
Jersey, but had other important business 
interests in Wilkes-Barre and elsewhere. 
He was a native son of New Jersey, and 
of immediate Scotch ancestry, his father 
born in Scotland, although the family 
originally came from the town of Feren- 
bach, situated on the border line between 
Switzerland and Germany. There the 
Ferenbachs were noted clock makers, the 
town being named in their honor. 

Gregory Ferenbach, father of Carl Fer- 
enbach, to whose memory this sketch is 
dedicated, was born in Scotland, and 
there lived until about his twentieth year, 
when he came to the United States, locat- 
ing his home in Paterson, New Jersey. 
He later became a publisher in New York 
City, and for many years conducted that 
business very successfully. He married 
Martha Cushier, who comes of French an- 
cestry, her grandfather a prominent ship 
builder of his day. They were the parents 
of Carl Ferenbach, of Wilkes-Barre. 

Carl Ferenbach was born in Paterson, 
New Jersey, October 9, 1874, and died at 
his summer home at Glen Summit, Penn- 
sylvania, June 21, 1918. He was educated 
in Paterson graded and high schools, fin- 
ishing his education so far as school life 
was concerned with a course at the Mc- 
Chesney Business College. Paterson be- 
ing the principal seat of the silk industry 
in the United States, he naturally grav- 
itated into that line of business activity, 
becoming thoroughly familiar with all the 
details of silk manufacture and able to 
direct others. He remained in Paterson 
engrossed in the duties of the responsible 
positions which he held in the silk mills 
of the city until the year 1900, when he 
permanently located in Wilkes-Barre, 



Pennsylvania. There he was manager of 
the Bamford Brothers' Silk Mill for the 
first six years of his residence in the city, 
but at the end of that period he formed 
a partnership with Henry Leon, of New 
York City, and himself became a silk 
manufacturer. 

This last period of his life, 1906-18, was 
the most successful of his entire life and 
brought him prominently into the ranks 
of silk manufacturers. The partnership 
traded under the firm name, The Leon- 
Ferenbach Silk Company, and established 
their first mill in Wilkes-Barre. Mr. Fer- 
enbach was a practical mill man, and it 
was through their ability and energy that 
the company came to so proud a position. 
At the time of his death, twelve years af- 
ter the forming of the partnership, The 
Leon-Ferenbach Silk Company was op- 
erating five silk mills, the parent mill at 
Wilkes-Barre, one at Sugar Notch, Par- 
sons, and Bradford, all in Pennsylvania, 
and a fifth at Johnson City, Tennessee. 
Their business was immense, their em- 
ployees being numbered by the thousands. 
In addition to this large business built 
up and developed in an almost miracu- 
lously short time, Mr. Ferenbach was a 
director of the Luzerne County National 
Bank, director of the J. E. Barbour Con> 
pany of Paterson, New Jersey, and direc- 
tor of the Barbour Linen Thread Com- 
pany of Allentown, Pennsylvania. His 
standing in these companies was very 
high, and at his death fitting testimonials 
of respect and appreciation came from the 
directorates. 

A man of pleasing personality he pos- 
sessed a wealth of friends whom he held 
to him in closest relation. He loved the 
sports of the open, and with rifle and rod 
usually spent his vacation periods where 
game and fish abounded. He was a mem- 
ber of the Hazleton Country Club, Hazle- 



199 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ton, Pennsylvania, Westmoreland, Frank- 
lirTand Wyoming Valley Country clubs, 
member of the Chamber of Commerce, 
and Saint Stephen's Protestant Episcopal 
Church, all of Wilkes-Barre. He was 
broad-minded and liberal in his views, 
deeply interested in all that concerned the 
welfare of his city, and always ready to 
lend a hand in any movement for civic 
improvement. He joined heartily in the 
movements connected with the entrance 
of his country into the World War, and 
of great assistance in the various drives 
to secure funds. 

Mr. Ferenbach married, in New York 
City, January 22, 1899, Evelyn Campbell, 
ward of Colin Campbell, of New York 
City. They are the parents of four sons : 
Campbell, born January 24, 1900, who 
died in childhood ; Gregory, born Febru- 
ary 2, 1901 ; John Cushier, born October 
15, 1906; and Carl, born April 18, 1915. 

Minutes of a meeting of the board of 
directors of the J. E. Barbour Company of 
Paterson, New Jersey, is as follows : 

In the death of our fellow director, Carl Feren- 
bach, while yet in the fullness of his extraordi- 
nary powers, with great prospect of years of use- 
fulness before him, this Company has suffered 
irreparable loss. Since the organization of our 
Company he has devoted his attention with great 
carefulness and foresight to the management and 
welfare of our affairs. In private character he 
was adrriirable. His companionship, adorned with 
graces, was a pleasure to those who shared it. In 
every walk of life he bore a noble part, and there 
is no page of his past that his friends can wish 
to seal. In token of our esteem for the man, this 
Company presents this brief memorial of our 
member who in the flesh men knew as Carl Feren- 
bach; 

Be it Resolved : That this resolution be spread 
at length upon our minute book and a copy prop- 
erly engrossed be sent to his family. 

J. E. Barbour Company, 
Frank S. Hall, Sec'y. 
July 16, 1918. 



Resolutions Adopted by the Luzerne 

County National Bank on the 

Death of Carl Ferenbach. 

The president announced the death of 

Director Carl Ferenbach on Friday, June 

21, and the following resolutions were 

duly adopted: 

Whereas, Mr. Carl Ferenbach, a director of this 
bank, died at his Glen Summit residence on Fri- 
day last after an illness of several months. 

And Whereas, It is the desire of this Board of 
Directors to place upon record an appreciation 
of his services as well as an expression of per- 
sonal loss. 

Therefore, be it Resolved, That we extend to 
his widow and children our deepest sympathy in 
the death of a devoted husband and father, and 
that we commend them to the Father of All who 
alone can sustain them in their bereavement. 

Resolved, That in the death of Mr. Ferenbach 
the bank loses one who wa's faithful in the dis- 
charge of duty and whose business judgment was 
of real value to the institution. 

Resolved Further, That in the death of Mr. 
Ferenbach the community loses an upright citi- 
zen and one who by his cheerful disposition and 
kindly dealings endeared himself to his many 
friends and employees. 

Resolved, That this resolution be spread upon 
the minutes of the board and a copy sent to Mrs. 
Ferenbach. 

Anthony L. Williams, Pres. 
Christian Walter, Sec'y. 
W. B. P. 

Dated June 25, 1918. 

IN MEMORIAM. 
Carl Ferenbach. 

The silk industry was bereft of a prominent 
and progressive member in the death of Carl 
Ferenbach, of the Leon-Ferenbach Silk Company, 
Inc. Apparently healthy and robust since his 
recovery from a serious operation last Novem- 
ber, his death came as a distinct shock to his 
family and numerous friends. 

We mourn the passing of a most popular mem- 
ber, one especially endeared to his employees by 
the friendly spirit always prevailing in his contact 
with them. 

Mr. Ferenbach was born October 9, 1874, in 

200 




^ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Paterson, New Jersey, and educated in that city. 
He gave active support to all patriotic move- 
ments, was a regular attendant of St. Stephen's 
Episcopal Church, and a director of the Luzerne 
County Bank. 

Since entering the Wilkes-Barre Silk Company 
as manager fifteen years ago, Mr. Ferenbach had 
thoroughly absorbed the details of the silk busi- 
ness and thereby made rapid strides in the indus- 
try. 

Nine years ago, Henry Leon and Carl Feren- 
bach entered partnership, forming the Leon- 
Ferenbach Silk Company, and started a single 
mill. The company has since acquired four large 
mills and employs several thousand men and 
women. 

At the time of his death Mr. Ferenbach was 
but forty-four years of age and a figure which 
commanded attention in the silk trade by reason 
of his practical experience as a throwster. He 
was the first man to change the present improved 
system of throwing organzine. 

His family and friends will feel keenly the 
breach caused by his absence. 

Be it, therefore, Resolved, That we, the Board 
of Managers of the Silk Association of America, 
do hereby give utterance to our grief at the death 
of our esteemed member, Carl Ferenbach, and it 
is hereby voted that this resolution be entered 
in our minutes and copy thereof forwarded to the 
family of the deceased. 

Ramsey PeugnET, 
(Attest) Secretary. 

New York, September n, 1918. 



WEAVER, George, 

Business Man. 

Seventeen years have passed since 
George Weaver passed from earthly view, 
but his memory is green and there are 
many loyal hearts who recall him with 
affection and love. He won high position 
in the business world in which he moved, 
through his own untiring efforts and re- 
sourcefulness, backed by sound business 
principles and a genial, lovable personal- 
ity. He was most kindly-hearted and 
charitable, never denying any reasonable 
demand upon his sympathies. He made 
many acquaintances and it was literally 



true that "every acquaintance became a 
friend." He loved his home and there his 
genial hospitable nature was at its best. 
He was a son of John Weaver, who came 
to this country from Germany in 1837. 

George Weaver was born in Wilkes- 
Barre, Pennsylvania, June 28, 1853, and 
died at his summer home at Harvey's 
Lake, Pennsylvania, August 11, 1901. 
After attendance at the public schools 
and private school established by Colonel 
Harvey, he later entered the office em- 
ploy of the Diamond Colliery, and when 
that enterprise was abandoned he trans- 
ferred his services to the Bailey Ice Com- 
pany, a concern with which he was con- 
nected for some years. The experience 
gained with these companies was valu- 
able, and when later he was taken into 
the employ of the Reichard Brewing Com- 
pany, it was as a well-finished, capable 
young man, willing and able to perform 
managerial duty. He soon established a 
high reputation with the company, and as 
business increased rapidly through Mr. 
Weaver's efforts, he was admitted a part- 
ner in the year 1888. He threw himself 
heartily into the business, and later so 
thoroughly had he mastered every detail 
of the business and so well-satisfied was 
he with his own ability to manage it suc- 
cessfully, that when his partner, John 
Reichard, was willing to withdraw from 
the company, Mr. Weaver purchased his 
interests. He renamed the firm, the 
Reichard & Weaver Brewing Company, 
and injected so much of his own vigor- 
ous nature into the company that it be- 
came one of the most valuable brewing 
properties in the State. When the era of 
consolidation was organized the Reichard 
& Weaver Brewing Company was greatly 
coveted, and finally it was absorbed by 
the consolidation, but at Mr. Weaver's 
price. He was also elected vice-president 
of the new concern, The Central Brewing 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Company, and held that position in the 
management until his death in 1901. He 
was also vice-president and director of the 
Anthracite National Bank of Wilkes- 
Barre, and had other business interests 
of but little less importance. He con- 
tinued a factor in the business world until 
the last and bore his part of every burden. 

His warm-hearted, social nature de- 
lighted in the social side of club life, and 
he was a member of several of the clubs 
of Wilkes-Barre and Scranton, including 
the Westmoreland, West End Wheelmen 
Club (now the Franklin Club), and Elks 
of the first named, and the Scranton Club 
of the last named city. He was a member 
of St. Nicholas Roman Catholic Church, 
and in his political faith was a Republic- 
an. He knew no sect or creed in char- 
ities, but to know that help was needed 
always brought a ready and hearty re- 
sponse. 

Mr. Weaver married, February 6, 1880, 
Frances Hartman, daughter of Eusebius 
and Catherine (Scheur) Hartman. of 
Wilkes-Barre. Mr. and Mrs. Weaver 
were the parents of five children: Eliza- 
beth, married A. R. Ely, of Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia ; Kathleen, married Robert E. Smith, 
of Wilkes-Barre, and has a son, Robert 
Weaver Smith ; George P., vice-president 
of the Perma-Loc Manufacturing Com- 
pany, a graduate of Harry Hillman Acad- 
emy of Wilkes-Barre, Wyoming Seminary 
of Kingston, and Georgetown University, 
A. B., class of 1913; Frank J., educated 
in the public schools and at Wyoming 
Seminary, now (1918) in the United 
States service at Officers' Training Camp, 
Jacksonville, Florida; W. Walter, edu- 
cated in the public schools and at Wyom- 
ing Seminary, now in the United States 
artillery service in training at Camp Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, for overseas 
duty. Mrs. Weaver survives her husband 
and continues her residence in Wilkes- 
Barre. 



BOYLE, Patrick Francis, 

Contractor, Public Official. 

Patrick Francis Boyle, of Hazleton, 
Pennsylvania, one of the most prominent 
figures in the business and political life 
of this part of the State, head of a great 
contracting enterprise, and identified 
closely with municipal and State affairs, 
is a fine example of the best type of those 
Irishmen who have come to this country 
in early youth and made themselves by 
their talents and perseverance so import- 
ant an element in our body politic. Pre- 
eminently a man of affairs, he has made 
his activities subserve the end of his own 
ambition and the welfare of his fellows. 
Hazleton, which has been the scene of 
his life-long work in connection with the 
enterprises so closely associated with his 
name, feels toward him as a community 
an esteem and positive affection that is 
rarely accorded to any man on so large 
scale. Strong common sense, an invin- 
cible will, the latter tempered by unusual 
tact and good judgment, are the basis of 
his character and incidentally of his suc- 
cess. 

Mr. Boyle is the son of Patrick and 
Ellen Kearney (Boyle) Boyle, both of 
whom were natives of Newtown, County 
Donegal, Ireland, where they resided 
until coming to the United States. Mr. 
Boyle, Sr., was reared in his native dis- 
trict, and for a time was engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits, working a farm that 
had been in possession of the family for a 
long period. Eventually he sold this 
property in order to secure the money 
needed by him to come to the United 
States, after which he set sail with his 
wife, and landing at the harbor of New 
York, came immediately to Hazleton, 
Pennsylvania, where he settled and made 
his home for a time. He later removed 
to the town of Freeland, where the latter 
years of his life were spent and where he 




XJatkZcJi^ pa 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



finally died. After coming to this country 
he followed coal mining as a business 
during the remainder of his life. He was 
a good citizen, and a faithful member of 
the Roman Catholic church. He and his 
wife were the parents of the following 
children : John, a Civil War veteran, who 
now resides in Brooklyn ; Patrick Fran- 
cis, with whom we are here specially 
concerned ; James, a resident of Freeland, 
a Civil War veteran; Timothy, who 
makes his home at Hazelton, a Civil War 
veteran ; and Mary, who became the wife 
of James Logan, of Freeland, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Born March 20, 1844, in County Don- 
egal, Ireland, Patrick Francis Boyle, sec- 
ond child of Patrick and Ellen Kearney 
(Boyle) Boyle, spent his childhood in 
his native place. He attended as a child 
the local schools and there gained the 
major portion of his education. He did 
not accompany his parents to the United 
States, but in 1855 followed them to this 
country, and came at once to Hazelton. 
He attended for a time the public schools 
at Hazleton and here completed his stud- 
ies, at the same time that he was working 
for his living. His first work was secured 
in the coal mines as a breaker boy, but he 
soon gave this up and followed the trade 
of cabinetmaker and carpenter. He was 
exceedingly ambitious and energetic, and 
possessed a great share of initiative, and 
where most other youths would have con- 
tinued at work for an employer, he began 
for himself, and it was not long before he 
was taking and performing good sized 
contracts in this line. In 1867 he removed 
to Allentown and there continued his now 
growing contract business, erecting many 
important structures, and he gained a 
wide reputation for ability and strict ob- 
servance of his obligations. He put up 
a large number of public buildings in 



Allentown, as well as many handsome 
private residences and office buildings. 
In the year 1877 he returned temporarily 
to Hazelton, on account of some special 
work he had contracted for, but after its 
completion went once more to Allen- 
town. He maintained, however, a strong 
affection for his first American home, and 
eventually, in 1885, returned here and 
took up his residence permanently. Since 
that time Mr. Boyle has continued to re- 
side here, and until the year 1914 re- 
mained in active business. Among the 
prominent buildings erected by Mr. Boyle 
at Hazleton, Allentown and Freeland, 
should be mentioned the Church of the 
Immaculate Conception at Allentown; 
St. Patrick's Church and Parsonage at 
McAdoo, Pennsylvania ; the Greek church 
at Hazleton and the German Lutheran 
church at the same place ; the First Slav- 
ish Church, the borough building, the first 
silk mill and the Reinhart building, all at 
Hazleton. Besides these there have been 
a great number of school houses and pri- 
vate residences at Hazleton and other 
places in the vicinity. But Mr. Boyle has 
not contented himself by undivided appli- 
cation to any one business enterprise, how- 
ever important. On the contrary he has, 
with public interest worthy of him, found 
an interest in many different aspects of 
the business and financial interests here 
and has become prominently identified 
with them. He is at the present time a di- 
rector of the Markle Banking and Trust 
Company, president and director of the 
Diamond Water Company, and was for 
sixteen years in the past, president and 
director of the Hazleton Improvement 
Company, and is also president of St. 
Gabriel's Cemetery Association. 

Mr. Boyle has for many years been 
most closely identified with public affairs 
in this region, and during his entire active 



203 



w 



, I I '■ ^B 



'J-£**fl^J 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



life has been a staunch supporter of the 
principles and policies of the Democratic 
party. He has exerted a potent influence 
in the councils of the party, and has been 
chosen many times as a candidate for 
public office on its ticket. In 1869 he was 
elected to the Select Council of Allen- 
town, and was thereafter reelected until 
he had served three consecutive terms of 
two years each on that body, part of the 
time serving as president of the board. 
He also served as assessor, as a member 
of the Board of Control, and represented 
Allentown as a member of the State Leg- 
islature, 1881-82-83-84. Upon coming to 
live at Hazleton he continued his political 
activities, and in the two years from 
1887 to 1888 was- a member of the Bor- 
ough Council and part of the time its 
president. When in the year 1890 Hazle- 
ton became a city, Mr. Boyle was selected 
as a member of the first Select Council 
and served as president of the same, and 
in 1897 and 1898 was elected to the House 
of Representatives by a flattering major- 
ity. Mr. Boyle is a staunch member of 
the Roman Catholic church and attends 
St. Gabriel's Church of this denomination. 
He is active in the work of the parish and 
is a member of the Holy Name Society 
here. 

Patrick Francis Boyle married (first) 
in 1868, at Allentown, Rose McCauley, 
whose death occurred in 1897. They 
were the parents of the following chil- 
dren: 1. Rose, who became the wife of 
Michael Walsh, of Hazleton. 2. Frank 
P., who received his education at the 
University of Pennsylvania and gradu- 
ated from the law department there ; he 
is now successfully practicing as an at- 
torney at Hazleton. 3. James A., who is 
now engaged in the same line of the con- 
tracting business as his father at Hazle- 
ton. 4. Hugh J., who received his educa- 



tion at the Pennsylvania State College, 
from which he graduated ; he is a chemist 
by profession, and at the present time re- 
sides at Hazleton. 5. Mary D., who be- 
came the wife of William K. Byrnes, of 
Philadelphia, where they now reside. 6. 
Genevieve, who became the wife of Dr. 
S. A. Quinn, of Allentown. 7. Alice N., 
who became the wife of Herbert Kud- 
lich, of Palmerton, Pennsylvania. Mr. 
Boyle married (second) in 1901, Rose 
McCauley, a cousin of his first wife, and 
one child has been born to them, a daugh- 
ter, Anita Dorothy Boyle. 



BROWN, Wilson H., 

Manufacturer, Leader in Civic Progress. 

A leader among the manufacturers 
whose united efforts have won for Phila- 
delphia her proud title of "The Workshop 
of the World" was the late Wilson H. 
Brown, president of the Continental 
Eiderdown Company, and Wilson H. 
Brown, Incorporated, officially connected 
with other business organizations, and 
widely known as a manufacturer of 
woolen yarns. Mr. Brown at one time 
held the office of sheriff and was a leader 
in the cause of civic progress and munic- 
ipal reform. 

Wilson Hare Brown was born January 
27, 1862, in Philadelphia, and was a son of 
John Wilson and Susanna C. (Hare) 
Brown. John Wilson Brown was born 
November 23, 1832, and died April 16, 
1 891. He was a son of John and Hannah 
(Wilson) Brown. John Wilson, the 
father of Mrs. Brown, was of Leeds, 
England, and in 1803 came to the United 
States, settling at New Leeds, Cecil 
county, Maryland, where he became the 
first manufacturer of broadcloths in 
America. 

The education of Wilson Hare Brown 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BKXiRAPHY 



was received in public schools of his na- 
tive city, and from early youth he dis- 
played the aggressiveness which was 
always so marked a feature of his char- 
acter, making the narrative of his busi- 
ness career one of steady progress from 
the humble post of office boy to the com- 
manding position of one of Philadelphia's 
leading manufacturers. In 1876 he entered 
the service of J. Dalton & Brother, manu- 
facturers of woolen yarns, and in 1884 
formed a partnership with Joseph W. 
Hilton for the purpose of engaging in the 
same line of business. The venture was 
started in a little mill at 46th street and 
Girard avenue, and in 1886 Mr. Brown 
withdrew from the connection, establish- 
ing himself under the name of Wilson H. 
Brown, woolen yarn manufacturer. From 
a small beginning was developed, through 
his energy and enterprise, a business 
which grew, as the years went on, to pro- 
portions unforeseen even by its founder. 
It was not long before Mr. Brown was in 
circumstances to establish a mill in Ger- 
mantown, where he employed thirty 
hands. After this the development was 
still more rapid, and during the last years 
of the life of this man with whom success 
was a "foregone conclusion," he found 
himself at the head of a force of several 
thousand men. In 1891 the firm name 
was changed to Wilson H. Brown & 
Brother, and in 1898 the business was in- 
corporated as the Leicester and Con- 
tinental Mills Company, Mr. Brown being 
vice-president, treasurer and general- 
manager. 

In 1907 he withdrew from this concern 
and in 1910 became president of Jonathan 
Ring & Son. In 191 1 Mr. Brown founded 
the Continental Eiderdown Company, be- 
coming its first president, and in 1913, 
withdrawing from Jonathan Ring & Son, 
he founded the concern known as Wilson 



H. Brown, Incorporated, manufacturers 
of woolen yarns. At the time of his 
death he was president of this organiza- 
tion, and also of the Continental Eider- 
down Company. He was likewise a di- 
rector of the Kent Manufacturing Com- 
pany, the Royal Ascot Knitting Mills, 
and the Arizona United Mining Com- 
pany. All these concerns received safe 
guidance from his wise counsel and addi- 
tional impetus from his vitalizing energy. 

Always an ardent advocate of political 
betterment, Mr. Brown, in 1905, having 
been a member of the Common Council 
since 1895, was among the first of its inde- 
pendent members to oppose the lease of 
the city's gas works to the United Gas 
Improvement Company, a measure which 
he had previously fought in 1897. The 
boldness of his initiative on this impor- 
tant question stimulated public interest to 
a high degree and resulted in the defeat 
of the proposition. It was largely through 
Mr. Brown's opposition that the Schuyl- 
kill Valley water lease was defeated in 
the Common Council, as was also the 
ordinance leasing the Dock street wharf 
to the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. 
He opposed the electric light franchise 
without concessions to the city, and 
throughout the ten years of his member- 
ship in the Common Council he was the 
strenuous and uncompromising opponent 
of everything detrimental to good govern- 
ment and the best interests of the munici- 
pality. 

As a result of the issue raised against 
the gas lease fight in 1905, Mr. Brown was 
chosen as the City party's standard- 
bearer, being nominated for sheriff and 
elected by a large majority on the Re- 
form ticket. The reform of the sheriff's 
office received his first attention, the 
office, for the first time in the history of 
Philadelphia, being placed on a sound 



205 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



business basis. Mr. Brown was sheriff 
from 1905 to 1908. 

So busy a man as we have endeavored 
to describe could hardly be expected to 
have much time for social intercourse or 
any other form of recreation, but Mr. 
Brown was too wise a man to disregard 
this essential side of life, and was a mem- 
ber of numerous organizations, including 
the Manufacturers' Club, in which he was 
chairman of the house committee. His 
other clubs were the Union League, 
White Marsh Valley Country, Seaview 
Golf, Philadelphia Cricket and Lincoln. 
He affiliated with Oriental Lodge, No. 
385, Free and Accepted Masons, in which 
he was master in 1886-87, an d be was also 
a Knight Templar. He occupied a seat 
in the Philadelphia Chamber of Com- 
merce, was president of the board of 
trustees of the Philadelphia Commercial 
Museums, and belonged to the Pennsyl- 
vania Manufacturers' Association and the 
State Old Age Pension Commission of 
Pennsylvania. 

Never was there a man of whom it 
could be more truly said that his face 
was an index to his character, than of 
Wilson Hare Brown. The strongly ex- 
pressive and finely moulded features bore 
the stamp of an aggressive disposition, 
quick to take the initiative, but also 
tenacious of purpose to a degree which 
never relaxed until the goal was reached. 
The kindliness and geniality which radi- 
ated from his whole aspect explained the 
fact that at every step of his progress 
through life this man made friends. 
Quiet and unassuming but forceful and 
fearless, his many unobtrusive charities 
were seldom known to any save the re- 
cipients and himself. 

Mr. Brown married (first) June 13, 
1 881, Haidee, daughter of James and 
Sarah Jane (Jonson) Dalton, of Philadel- 



phia, the former a manufacturer of woolen 
yarns. By this marriage Mr. Brown be- 
came the father of one son : Millard Dal- 
ton Brown, whose biography follows. 
Mr. Brown married (second) May 25, 
1886, Bessie K., daughter of Elias B. and 
Alice K. (King) Crane, of Newark, New 
Jersey, of the old New Jersey family of 
that name. Mr. and Mrs. Brown were 
the parents of three daughters : Haidee ; 
Beatrice; and Bessie, wife of William 
Whitney Ball (son of William H. Ball, 
secretary to ex-Governor Brumbaugh) 
and mother of a son, William H. Ball, 2nd. 

While still in the prime of life, Mr. 
Brown was summoned to relinquish his 
many activities, and on October 16, 1918, 
he passed away, sincerely mourned by the 
large body of his fellow-citizens, to whose 
best interests he had ever been so true 
and leaving a void not to be filled in the 
hearts of those nearest and dearest to 
him. 

As a manufacturer of prominence, who, 
while most effectively serving the busi- 
ness interests of his city, responded to 
the call of his friends and neighbors to 
stand for the cause of good government, 
but who ever kept steadfastly before him 
the preeminence of his life-work as a 
captain of industry, the name and mem- 
ory of Wilson H. Brown will be held 
in lasting respect and gratitude by all 
true Philadelphians. 



BROWN, Millard D., 

Manufacturer, Soldier 4n the World War. 

Among Philadelphia's typical twenti- 
eth century business men must be num- 
bered Millard Dalton Brown, president 
of the Continental Eiderdown Company 
and the Wilson H. Brown Company, In- 
corporated. That Mr. Brown is coming 
to the front as an executant is a self- 



206 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



evident fact, but a most honorable record 
of service in France testifies that, as a 
soldier, he has already arrived. 

Millard Dalton Brown was born Au- 
gust 8, 1882, in Philadelphia, and is a 
son of Wilson Hare and Haidee (Dalton) 
Brown, both of whom are deceased. Mr. 
Brown, who was one of Philadelphia's 
most aggressive manufacturers and pub- 
lic-spirited citizens, is represented by a 
biography and portrait which appear on 
preceding pages in this work. The pre- 
paratory education of Millard Dalton 
Brown was received at the Germantown 
Grammar School, after which he attended 
successively the North East Manual 
Training School and the Philadelphia 
Textile School, eventually completing 
his studies at the Wharton School of Fi- 
nance, University of Pennsylvania. At 
the end of this thorough course of prepa- 
ration for business, Mr. Brown associated 
himself with the widely known concern 
of which his father had been the founder 
and was then the head. Acquiring the 
most comprehensive and detailed knowl- 
edge of the industry, he developed at the 
same time an aptitude for administration 
and a skill in management which prom- 
ised to make him in the course of time 
one of the leading manufacturers of his 
native city, a promise which appears now 
to be in process of fulfillment. 

From a very early age Mr. Brown man- 
ifested a deep interest in military mat- 
ters, enlisting in the National Guard of 
Pennsylvania, and in 1916 serving on the 
Mexican border with the rank of captain 
and then major of the First Pennsylvania 
Infantry. Later Major Brown saw much 
active service in France, first as lieuten- 
ant-colonel and afterward as colonel, 
holding the former rank in the First 
Pennsylvania Infantry and the latter in 
the 109th Infantry. He participated in 



the Second Battle of the Mame near 
Chateau-Thierry and in the battles of the 
Ourqa river and the Aisne, and served 
as adjutant to General Harres, acting 
chief of staff, Base Section No. 5, Ameri- 
can Expeditionary Forces, with head- 
quarters at Brest. 

But this career of brilliant service and 
rapid promotion was cut short by the death, 
on October 16, 1918, of Colonel Brown's 
father. Resigning his commission on 
November 16, 1918, Colonel Brown re- 
turned home to take charge of the great 
business which his father had left and 
which then became the trust of the son. 
Mr. Brown is now a partner in the firm 
of Brown & Bowers, yarn manufacturers, 
and president of the Continental Eider- 
down Company and the Wilson H. Brown 
Company, Incorporated. These concerns 
employ several thousand men and are 
among the most widely known textile or- 
ganizations in Philadelphia. 

In politics Mr. Brown is a Republican, 
but has never mingled actively in the 
affairs of the organization though ever 
ready to do his part as a good citizen in 
working for betterment of conditions. 
His clubs are the Union League, Manu- 
facturers', Lincoln and Pelham. He is a 
member of the Presbyterian church. 



HIRES, Charles Elmer, 



Among Philadelphia's best known busi- 
ness men is Charles E. Hires, head of the 
Charles E. Hires Company, and officially 
connected with various other business 
and financial institutions. The Hire's 
family originally was of Wales, where 
the name was spelled Hyer. Their arms 
are as follows : 



Arms— Gules, a porcupine argent collared or. 



207 




^ 4c%£u 



5£*A£/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



The progenitor of the family in Amer- 
ica was John Hires, who came to New 
Jersey in the ship "Shibe." He purchased 
a large tract of land in New Jersey and 
there passed his life. 

John D. Hires, father of Charles E. 
Hires, and a descendant of John Hires, 
was born in Hopewell, Cumberland coun- 
ty, New Jersey, February 17, 1817. He 
received his education in the schools of 
his section, and for a time lived in Salem 
county, but later returned to Cumberland 
county. He pursued farming and the 
buying and selling of cattle and other 
stock in a large way. For eleven years 
he was a prominent resident of Salem 
county, but in 1862 settled in Roadstown. 
In politics he was a Democrat and held 
various local offices. He married Mary 
Williams, of Port Elizabeth, New Jersey, 
and they were the parents of ten children. 
Both he and his wife were members of 
the Cohansey Baptist Church, and for 
many years Mr. Hires served as a deacon. 
His death occurred in January, 1878, and 
his wife passed away January 8, 1880. 

Charles Elmer Hires, son of the late 
John D. and Mary (Williams) Hires, was 
born near Salem, Salem county, New Jer- 
sey, August 19, 1851, and his early edu- 
cation was acquired in the schools of New 
Jersey. He then served a four-year ap- 
prenticeship in a drug establishment in 
Cumberland county, New Jersey, after 
which he came to Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, and established a retail drug busi- 
ness, which he conducted for seven years. 
He then founded a wholesale botanic 
drug house on Market street, Philadel- 
phia, where in 1877 he commenced the 
manufacture of root beer of a superior 
quality, which has since become famous 
all over the world. In addition to this 
business, in 1899, Mr. Hires became inter- 
ested in the manufacture of condensed 



milk. In 1900 he erected in Chester coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, a quarter-of-a-million- 
dollar plant, which has since been greatly 
added to. His novel methods of advertis- 
ing his products has made the name 
"Hires" known internationally. The head- 
quarters of his enterprises are in Philadel- 
phia. 

The thorough business qualifications of 
Mr. Hires have always been in good de- 
mand on boards of directors of various 
institutions, and his public spirit has led 
him to accept many such trusts. In addi- 
tion to being president of the Charles E. 
Hires Company and of the Hires Con- 
densed Milk Company, he is president 
and director of the Ithaca Condensed Milk 
Company; president and director of the 
Maple Leaf Condensed Milk Company of 
Canada; president and director of Lake 
Odessa Milk Company Michigan ; presi- 
dent and director of the Hudson Con- 
densed Milk Company; president and di- 
rector of the Federal Packing Company 
of Vermont ; president and director of the 
Page Milk Company of Michigan ; direc- 
tor of the Drug Exchange, of which he 
was president for a time ; and a director of 
the Merchants' Bank of Philadelphia. Mr. 
Hires is a Republican in politics, but has 
never accepted office. He belongs to the 
Society of Friends. Among his clubs are 
the Manufacturers' and Merion Cricket. 

On January 5, 1875, Mr. Hires married 
(first) Clara Smith, daughter of Charles 
Sheppard and Rebecca J. (Keyser) Smith, 
of Philadelphia, and they were the par- 
ents of the following children: 1. Linda 
Smith, born September 24, 1878. 2. John 
Edgar, born February 8, 1885; married 
Thura Truax, and has children: Charles 
Edgar, born August 3, 191 1 ; Emma 
Jacquelin, born January 21, 1913; and 
Thura Truax, born April 15, 1916. 3. 
Harrison Streeter, born May 31, 1887; 



208 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



married, October 25, 191 1, Christine Le- 
land, and has children : Claramary, born 
June 3, 1915, and William Leland, born 
July 5, 1918. 4. Charles Elmer, Jr., born 
April 27, 1891 ; married, June 12, 1918, 
Use Keppelmann. 5. Clara Sheppard, 
born April 8, 1897. Mrs. Hires' birth 
occurred September 3, 1852; her death 
October 6, 1910. Mr. Hires married (sec- 
ond) December 28, 191 1, Emma Wain, 
daughter of Nicholas and Mary (Kirby) 
Wain, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The 
Hires family is socially popular, and 
their home at Haverford is one of the 
attractive residences of suburban Phila- 
delphia. 



WORDEN, Thomas Davis, M. D., 
Physician. 

The professional life of Dr. Thomas 
D. Worden centered in Albany and Sara- 
toga, New York State, although he spent 
a few years of his life in Wilkes-Barre. 
He was a physician of learning and skill, 
but his own health was very poor, and he 
was constantly thwarted in his profes- 
sional career by spells of sickness. He 
was highly-esteemed by his brethren of 
the profession, and by all who came with- 
in the influence of his cheerful, optimistic 
nature. Dr. Worden was the only son of 
Darwin B. and Matilda (Davis) Worden, 
of Trenton, Oneida county, New York. 

Thomas Davis Worden was born in 
Trenton, Oneida county, New York, Jan- 
uary 18, 1853, an d died in Fort Plain, New 
York, April 19, 1888. In 1866 the family 
moved to Fort Plain, New York, where 
the parents resided until death. After 
completing public school study in Fort 
Plain, he entered Cazenovia Seminary, 
passing thence to Syracuse University, 
whence he was graduated Ph. B., class of 
'yy. The same year he began the study 



of medicine with Dr. Albert Vander Veer, 
of Albany, then entered Albany Medical 
College, whence he was graduated M. D. 
and was valedictorian of the class of 1880. 
He at once began to practice in Albany, 
but was stricken with a severe illness the 
following year, and in November, 1881, 
he sailed for Europe as special physician 
to ex-Attorney-General Martindale, be- 
lieving that the ocean voyage and travel 
abroad would build up his own health. 
Dr. Worden returned to Albany in March, 
1S82, after General Martindale's death, 
his health greatly improved. He resumed 
practice in Albany, but shortly afterward 
he became associated with Dr. Strong in 
his Remedial Institute at Saratoga 
Springs, New York, continuing with him 
until 1885, when ill health again com- 
pelled him to change his plans. In that 
year he withdrew from the institute and 
removed to Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, 
where he entered business life with his 
father-in-law, Lewis C. Paine. Two years 
later his health again broke and he gave 
up business and sought the healthful 
climate of Colorado, but his health grad- 
ually failed and he was removed East and 
passed away at the home of his father in 
Fort Plain, New York, April 19, 1888. 
During the last two years that Dr. Wor- 
den was in Saratoga he completed for 
publication a translation of the medical 
work of Beni Borde, an eniment French 
physician. He was a member of St. 
Stephen's Episcopal Church, Wilkes- 
Barre, Luzerne County Medical Society, 
and Albany County Medical Society, and 
was a musician of some note. 

This is the brief life story of a Chris- 
tian gentleman of many rare mental and 
social qualities. He was self-possessed 
and at ease under every condition or posi- 
tion in which placed, was naturally buoy- 
ant in disposition, with an infectious qual- 



209 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ity of humor that made him a charming 
companion. He was a thorough student 
and had the faculty of making most prac- 
tical applications of his knowledge. He 
has long since passed to his reward, but 
he has left behind him the memory of 
work well done. He was truly mourned 
by his many friends, and when the news 
of his death went abroad the Medical So- 
ciety of Albany County, New York, met 
in special session and passed the follow- 
ing resolutions : 

Resolved, That we, the Medical Society of the 
County of Albany, having learned of the death of 
our esteemed member, Doctor Thomas D. Wor- 
den, would express our regret for his untimely 
death, and also our appreciation of the many ex- 
cellent qualities which endeared him to us and 
gave promise of so useful and successful a 
career. 

Resolved, That the sketch of his life and char- 
acter together with these resolutions be entered 
on our minutes. 

Resolved, That we tender our sincere sym- 
pathy to the afflicted family, and direct our sec- 
retary to send copies of our action to them. 

Dr. Worden married, in the autumn of 
1883, Anne Scott Paine, eldest daughter 
of Lewis C. and Anne E. (Lee) Paine, of 
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. Lewis C. 
Paine was a son of Captain Jedediah 
Paine, and a descendant of Thomas Paine, 
an Englishman, who arrived in Plymouth, 
Massachusetts, at an early date, eventu- 
ally settling in Yarmouth, where he was 
made a freeman in 1639, and was still re- 
siding there in 1650. Mrs. Worden was a 
life member of St. Stephen's Episcopal 
Church, member of the Society of Colon- 
ial Dames, Daughters of the American 
Revolution, Society of Mayflower De- 
scendants, and was noted for her philan- 
thropy and her charity, also highly es- 
teemed. She died February 18, 1914. Dr. 
and Mrs. Worden were the parents of a 



daughter, Anne Lee Worden, who mar- 
ried Harry L. French, of Wilkes-Barre, 
and has a son, Livingston Paine French. 
They reside in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsyl- 



GRIFFITH, Jacob K., 

Metallurgist, Inventor and Steel Expert. 

The Griffith family first settled in 
America when two brothers and three 
sisters came to Philadelphia, in the latter 
part of the eighteenth century. The broth- 
ers Robert and William were the sons of 
William and Grace Griffith, who settled 
at Nurey, Ireland, having removed from 
Belfast, Ireland, to which city, tradition 
says, their ancestors fled from France to 
escape the Huguenot persecutions. The 
two brothers were by occupation house 
carpenters. 

William Griffith, the founder of the 
branch of the family in which this narra- 
tive deals, married for his second wife, 
Mary Chapman, of New Egypt, New Jer- 
sey, November 20, 1805. Soon after his 
marriage he purchased a house in Phila- 
delphia county, at the falls of the Schuyl- 
kill, where he made his residence until 
1828, when he removed to Harrisburg, 
Pennsylvania. He and his family were 
members of the Baptist Society, and he 
was the principal organizer and builder 
of the First Baptist Church of Harris- 
burg. 

William and Mary (Chapman) Griffith 
had a family of twelve children. Their 
fifth child, William Robert Griffith, was 
born April 2, 1815, and died in New York 
City, June 14, 1876. He was one of the 
foremost pioneers of the anthracite coal 
industry. He organized and was presi- 
dent of the Pennsylvania Coal Company, 
and came to the Wyoming Valley in 1848, 
where he made extensive purchases of 




J^^JLff<j& 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



valuable coal lands about Pittston and 
vicinity. This company constructed a 
gravity railroad from Pittston to Hawley, 
and became one of the largest and most 
successful companies in the coal region. 

The youngest child of William and 
Mary (Chapman) Griffith, Andrew Jack- 
son Griffith, was born in Philadelphia 
county, Pennsylvania, October 25, 1828. 
His education was limited to a school at 
Lititz, Pennsylvania, and on his becoming 
of age he came to the Wyoming Valley 

1 as an assistant to his brother in the dev- 
elopment of his extensive mining enter- 
prises and in the construction of the grav- 
ity road to Hawley. After the completion 
of the railroad, he purchased a farm on 
Scovel's Island, in the Susquehanna river, 
above Pittston, Pennsylvania. This farm 
he afterward sold and invested the pro- 
ceeds in real estate in West Pittston, 
where he had built himself a residence in 
1854. After the sale of his farming lands, 
he retired from active business. Mr. Grif- 
fith was an ardent Republican, and was 
one of the incorporators of West Pittston 
borough, and held the office of burgess, 
councilman and other offices at various 
times. An enthusiastic sportsman, he 
took great delight in hunting, fishing and 
trapping. Another of his enjoyments was 
the collection of coins and Indian relics, 
which after his death was presented to 
the Wyoming Historical and Geological 

I Society. He married Jemima Ellen Sax, 
daughter of John and Rebecca (Parrish) 
Sax. The Saxs were of German ancestry, 
and Jacob Sax with his brothers George 
and William founded the family at Phil- 
lipsburg, New Jersey, and Conrad Sax, 
the grandfather of Mr. Griffith, was born 
at Phillipsburg, New Jersey, and married 
Mary Beers. He kept a tavern on the 
Wilkes-Barre and Eastern turnpike, near 
Sax pond, several miles eastward of the 
former place. On her maternal side she 



was descended from Sergeant John Par- 
rish, of Groton, Massachusetts, whose son 
John removed to Preston, Connecticut. 
The third generation was represented by 
Lieutenant Isaac Parrish, of Windham, 
Connecticut, whose son, Archippus Par- 
rish, settled in North Mansfield, Connec- 
ticut. Their son Abraham had a daugh- 
ter, Rebecca Wright Parrish, who mar- 
ried John Sax. The children of Andrew 
Jackson and Jemima (Sax) Griffith were: 
William ; Jacob K., mentioned below ; 
Gertrude N., married Charles D. Sander- 
son, and two children who died in infancy. 
Mr. Griffith died at West Pittston, June 
18, 1889. 

Jacob K. Griffith, the second son of 
Andrew Jackson and Jemima (Sax) Grif- 
fith, was born in West Pittston, Pennsyl- 
vania, August 9, 1857. His boyhood days 
were spent in his native town where he 
received his early education in the public 
and private schools. He then became a 
student at Lafayette College of Easton, 
Pennsylvania, pursuing a course of stud- 
ies as an analytical chemist. He gradu- 
ated in June, 1878, and in the spring of 
the following year he entered the employ 
of the Midvale Steel Company of Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. He was connected 
with this company over ten years, and 
young as he was his advancement was 
rapid and while only a short time in their 
employ he was placed in charge of the 
melting and molding department. At 
this time there was only three open 
hearth steel furnaces in the country and 
Mr. Griffith had charge of two of them. 
This was the day of active pioneering in 
the development of the steel industry of 
the country. 

On the organization, in 1888, of the 
Latrobe Steel Company by parties for- 
merly interested in the Midvale Company, 
Mr. Griffith refused offers of all kinds 
to remain with his former employers. He 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



had given his promise to the competitive 
company and could not be influenced to 
break it. The value of his services can 
be estimated by the fact that for three 
months he was an employee of both com- 
panies, though they were competitive, so 
loath was the Midvale Company to let 
him go. Mr. Griffith went to Latrobe, 
Pennsylvania, in 1889, as superintendent 
of the Latrobe Steel Company. The cor- 
poration was taken over in 1905 by the 
Railway Steel-Spring Company, in whose 
employ he remained until 1910, when he 
removed to West Pittston, Pennsylvania. 
At the time when Mr. Griffith took charge 
of an infant company in the industrial 
world, its capital was the determination 
and perseverance of the men who fathered 
the enterprise, and when he resigned after 
twenty-two years of faithful service, it 
had grown into a gigantic industry largely 
due to the time, skill and devotion of its 
superintendent. The original projectors 
of the Latrobe Steel Company at the time 
of the disposal of their interests to the 
Railway Steel-Spring Company received 
several millions of dollars. 

Mr. Griffith's remarkable personality is 
best evidenced by the close bond of friend- 
ship that existed between him and the 
employees that worked under him. Of 
the many thousands of men in his thirty- 
two years service, the love and respect 
that was held by them toward him is il- 
lustrated by the fact that he never had a 
strike or labor disagreement of any kind, 
and at the time of his resignation at La- 
trobe there was widespread regret among 
the employees of the establishment. 

As a practical steel man, Mr. Griffith 
was looked upon as one of the best ex- 
perts on high carbon steel in the country. 
He was not only a metallurgist, but an in- 
ventor. While connected with the Mid- 
vale Steel Company, before the Bethle- 



hem Steel Company was organized, there 
came under his supervision the making of 
the steel for practically all the ordnance 
for the United States Army and Navy. 
He directed the making of the steel for 
the first all steel ship and for the first pro- 
jectiles made by the United States Navy. 
He also made certain parts of the machin- 
ery that installed the first electric power 
plant at Niagara Falls, and the greater 
part of the steel work in the construction 
of the Brooklyn Bridge was manufactured 
under his direction. His records show 
that he invented and was using Mangan- 
ese Steel at Midvale, three years before 
Haddfield, the English inventor, claimed 
credit for it. Mr. Griffith was sent for by 
the Department of Ordnance of the 
United States Navy, in April, 1918, to 
come to Washington to supervise prac- 
tical experiments being made by the Gov- 
ernment, in connection with recent pat- 
ents he had obtained in the manufacture 
of armor plate. 

Mr. Griffith married, October 9, 18S3, 
Winifred, daughter of William J. and 
Mary Frances (Brown) Kerr, of Phila- 
delphia, Pennsylvania. Her parents were 
descended from old Revolutionary stock 
and connected with many of the old Phil- 
adelphia families. By this marriage there 
were three children : 1. Mary Frances, 
who married Early Mcllhenny Johnson, 
of Steelton, Pennsylvania ; they have two 
children, Charles Griffith and Robert 
Early Johnson. 2. Andrew Jackson. 3. 
Winifred von Ronckendorff. 

Mr. Griffith was a member of Trinity 
Episcopal Church of West Pittston, Penn- 
sylvania, and a former vestryman. He 
was a man of liberal ideas, unostentatious 
in his manners, and both in his business 
and home circles was noted for his hos- 
pitality. He passed away July 28, 1918, 
in the home in which he was born. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



STEWART, Robert Ekin, 

Lawyer, Civil 'War Veteran. 

Robert Ekin Stewart, late of North 
Braddock, was born April 2, 1841, at 
Stewart Station, North Huntingdon town- 
ship, Westmoreland county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and traced his ancestry to a Scotch 
lineage. 

(I) John Stewart, great-grandfather of 
Robert E. Stewart, was a native of Scot- 
land, and the old family register shows 
that he was born on the 27th day of April, 
but the figures for the year have been 
obliterated. It is believed, however, to 
have been in the third decade of the eigh- 
teenth century, and about the middle of 
that century the family crossed to the 
north of Ireland. A few years later the 
younger branch of the family, of which 
this John Stewart and his wife Elinor 
were the united head, emigrated from 
Londonderry to the province of Pennsyl- 
vania. About the close of the War of the 
Revolution this family crossed the moun- 
tains and settled in what is now Elizabeth 
township, Allegheny county, having pur- 
chased there a large tract of land at 
Round Hill, on which he erected the first 
shingle-roofed house in that township. 
He assisted in the organization of the 
Presbyterian church of Round Hill, and 
was an active and devoted member there- 
of. He was described by one that knew 
him as being "a well-to-do farmer, a 
square-built, good-looking man." He and 
his wife Elinor were the parents of eight 
children — four sons and four daughters. 

(II) John (2) Stewart, second son of 
John (1) and Elinor Stewart, and grand- 
father of Robert E. Stewart, was born 
December 26, 1766. He was a man of 
good physique, generous-hearted, a cap- 
tain of militia, and followed the occupa- 
tion of his father, farming. He married 
Jane Cavett, whose father, John Cavett, 

2: 



a miller, was the first settler at the place 
now known as Cavettsville, but originally 
Cavett's Mill, and was of the third gener- 
ation of Cavetts born in this county. John 
Cavett removed from Dauphin county to 
Western Pennsylvania in 1770, and pur- 
chased from Ephraim Blaine, in 1771, a 
large tract and the lands embracing what 
was later known as the Cavett's Mill tract 
and the Stewart Station property, of 
which John Yearl was the original war- 
rantee. John Cavett divided this land be- 
tween his sons, John and James, the latter 
taking the Stewart Station tract which 
he afterwards exchanged with his brother- 
in-law, John Stewart, for a mill site, part 
of the Stewart homestead in Elizabeth 
township, Allegheny county. John (2) 
Stewart died seized of this land, intestate, 
leaving two sons — John and Alexander — 
and five daughters. John Stewart pur- 
chased from his brother and sisters their 
interests in said land, and upon his mar- 
riage removed thereto and lived thereon 
until his death. 

(Ill) John (3) Stewart, son of John 
(2) and Jane (Cavett) Stewart, was born 
September 15, 1796, at the Stewart home- 
stead, at Round Hill, Elizabeth town- 
ship, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania. 
He was a prosperous farmer and added to 
the tract from his father's estate, as above 
stated, a tract adjoining, the same pur- 
chased from his cousin, James Cavett, one 
of the heirs of the younger John Cavett, 
above named, making the total area of his 
homestead property about three hundred 
and seventy acres, a considerable part of 
which lay in Allegheny county, the man- 
sion house, however, being in Westmore- 
land county. He had, besides, acquired 
valuable farms in other places. He was 
a Whig until the dissolution of that party, 
when he became a Republican. He was a 
member of the United Presbyterian 
church. On January 16, 1821, Mr. Stew- 




Ok/wA, Vj§\jU\-cL 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Carnegie Steel Company. A biography 
and portrait of Mr. Dinkey appear else- 
where in this work. 2. John McMasters, 
M. D., born June 9, 1871 ; educated at 
Westminster College, graduated from the 
medical department of Western Univer- 
sity, Pittsburgh; is now (1918) in prac- 
tice at Homestead, Pennsylvania ; resides 
on William Pitt Boulevard, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania. 3. Harry McMasters, born 
November 23, 1873 ; a graduate of the 
State College, class of 1896 ; is now super- 
intendent of furnaces at the Duquesne 
Steel Works, Duquesne, Pennsylvania ; 
he married Camille Hawthorne, June 28, 
1900, and resides at Duquesne. 4. Rob- 
ert E., Jr., born January 23, 1876, died 
October 23, 1890. 5. Leonora Markle, 
born May 5, 1878; educated at Pennsyl- 
vania College for Women and Wilson 
College ; married, October 5, 1905, Ed- 
ward R. Williams, of Homestead. 6. 
James Sterrett, born October 13, 1880; a 
graduate of North Braddock high school, 
spent one year at Westminster College, 
and one year in the medical department of 
Western University. 7. Caroline, born 
January 11, 1883; a graduate of North 
Braddock High School, and a graduate of 
Westminster College; married Dr. J. H. 
Johnson, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 
1869, the year following his marriage, Mr. 
Stewart removed from his boyhood home 
at Stewart Station to Turtle Creek, Alle- 
gheny county, and later purchased prop- 
erty in North Braddock, whither he re- 
moved in October, 1875. His law office 
was at No. 424 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania. Robert Ekin Stewart died 
March 30, 1910, at Braddock, Pennsyl- 



COLLORD, James, 

Metal Broker. 

The typical Pittsburgh business man is 
not always born within the limits of the 



Iron City. Not infrequently from distant 
portions of the Union come men who ex- 
hibit in a striking manner traits popularly 
supposed to be the birthright of those 
who first saw the light in the Industrial 
Capital. Prominent among this notable 
class of citizens was the late James Col- 
lord, head of the well-known metal brok- 
erage firm of James Collord & Company, 
and officially identified with a number of 
the financial institutions of the city. Mr. 
Collord was for the greater portion of his 
life a resident of Pittsburgh and was in- 
timately associated with her most essen- 
tial interests. 

James Collord was born August 22, 
1835, in New York City, and was a son of 
the Rev. James and Mary (Thorn) Col- 
lord, the former a Methodist Episcopal 
minister of the Metropolis. The boy was 
educated in schools of his native city, and 
on completing his course of study became 
the assistant of his father who then had 
charge of the Methodist Book Concern of 
New York City. As a youth Mr. Collord 
came to Pittsburgh, first being employed 
as a clerk by Alexander Bradley, one of 
the pioneer iron manufacturers of the 
city. After filling this position for some 
years he entered the service of Hillerman 
& Company, hat manufacturers, eventu- 
ally, in association with Robert Loomis, 
forming the firm of Loomis & Collord, 
metal brokers. From its inception the en- 
terprise was successful, largely in conse- 
quence of the acute and sagacious appre- 
hension and the clear and far-sighted 
judgment of Mr. Collord. After some 
years he purchased his partner's interest 
and continued the business alone under 
the name of James Collord & Company, 
with offices at the corner of Market and 
Fourth streets. For many years he was 
recognized as one of those intimately con- 
nected with the business organizations 
most essential to the welfare and progress 
of the city. By associates and subordi- 



215 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lates he was regarded with respect and 
affection by reason of his loyalty to prin- 
ciple and kindliness of disposition. The 
business career of Mr. Collord was in- 
terrupted in his early manhood by the 
outbreak of the Civil War. He was 
among those who responded to the first 
call for troops, enlisting in the "Pitts- 
burgh Rifles" and serving until after the 
battle of Fredericksburg. In that engage- 
ment he lost an eye, and for gallant and 
meritorious conduct was promoted on the 
field to the rank of lieutenant-colonel. 

As a public-spirited citizen Colonel Col- 
lord stood in the front rank, never with- 
holding aid and influence from any meas- 
ure which, in his judgment, tended toward 
betterment of existing conditions. He ad- 
hered to the Republican party, but took 
no active share in politics and steadily re- 
fused to accept office. Widely but unos- 
tentatiously charitable, the full number 
of his benefactions will, in all probability, 
never be known to the world, for his phil- 
anthropy was of the kind that shuns pub- 
licity. He was a director of the Bank of 
Pittsburgh and the Pittsburgh Insurance 
Company, and was interested in a number 
of other financial institutions of the city. 
He affiliated with the Masonic fraternity, 
and belonged to Post No. 259, Grand 
Army of the Republic, the Legion of 
Honor and the Duquesne Club. He was 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. 

Of strong mental endowments, gener- 
ous impulses and a chivalrous sense of 
honor, Colonel Collord was a man nobly 
planned. He was of fine personal appear- 
ance, his tall, well-formed, slight figure 
always retaining something of the soldier- 
ly air acquired during his period of mili- 
tary service. His massive head, crowned 
with silvery hair, high forehead, and 
strongly-marked features, accentuated by 

l/hite moustache and beard, all gave the 



impression of great energy of mind and 
elevation of character. Ever dignified,' 
genial and courteous, and in his attach- 
ments ardent and loyal, his friendships 
were quickly formed and of life-long dura- 
tion. 

Colonel Collord married (first), in 
Pittsburgh, Anna, daughter of Michael 
and Emmeline Dravo. He married (sec- 
ond), April 24, 1873, Sarah, daughter of 
Dennis and Jane (Martin) Leonard, the 
former a pioneer lumber merchant of 
Pittsburgh, whose death occurred Decem- 
ber 8, 1872. Colonel and Mrs. Collord 
were the parents of three children: 1. 
Grace C, who became the wife of Howard 
Meredith Hooker, and has one child, Mer- 
edith C. 2. Augusta V. 3. George Leon- 
ard, who is associated with the Shenango 
Furnaces, at Sharon, Pennsylvania, mar- 
ried Clarissa, daughter of Simon and 
Laura (Norton) Perkins, of that place, 
and they are the parents of one child, 
Laura Norton. George L. Collord is a 
prominent business man, inheriting a 
large share of his father's ability. Mrs. 
Hooker and Miss Collord are extremely 
popular in Pittsburgh society. In his 
domestic relations Colonel Collord was 
singularly fortunate. Mrs. Collord, a 
woman of rare wifely qualities, and ad- 
mirably fitted by her excellent practical 
mind to be his true helpmate in all his 
aspirations and ambitions, caused him 
ever to find in his home a refuge from the 
storm and stress of the business arena. 
Colonel Collord was devoted to his fam- 
ily and delighted in the exercise of hos- 
pitality. Mrs. Collord's death occurred 
May 29, 1913. 

The death of Colonel Collord, which 
occurred December 16, 1898, removed 
from Pittsburgh a man whose business 
capacity was of a high order and who 
was ever true to the highest ideals of 
honor and integrity. His was, indeed, a 
16 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



career singularly complete, presenting as 
it did to his community an example of 
every public and private virtue. Burd- 
ened with the handicap of partial blind- 
ness, incurred in the service of his coun- 
try, this brave and faithful man ran the 
race of life, and left a record which is 
best epitomized in the three words, "Suc- 
cess with Honor." 



BLAKELEY, Archibald, Colonel, 

Civil War Veteran, Lawyer, Author. 

Colonel Archibald Blakeley, a veteran 
of the Civil War, was for more than half 
a century a member of the Allegheny 
county bar, and one of the organizers of 
the Republican party. What an image 
will these simple sentences invoke before 
the mental vision of three generations! 
Notable at the bar, distinguished on the 
battlefield and eminent in politics. Colonel 
Blakeley, now gathered to his fathers, 
rendered to his country three-fold and 
never-to-be-forgotten service. 

(I) Joseph Blakeley, grandfather of 
Archibald Blakeley, was born about 1773, 
in Ireland, and received a fair English 
education. On reaching manhood he emi- 
grated to the United States, settling in 
Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, 
whence he removed to Allegheny county. 
In 1796 he purchased a farm of eighty 
acres in what is now Forward township, 
Butler county, and on this estate made his 
home during the remainder of his long 
life. He was a member of the Society of 
Friends. Mr. Blakeley was accompanied 
to the United States by his wife, whom 
he had married in Ireland and whose 
maiden name was Harvey. The following 
children were born to them: Jane, mar- 
ried William Mellis; Delilah, married 
Alexander Steel; Mary, married Jesse 
Rolls ; Lewis, mentioned below ; Harvey, 
and Joseph. Joseph Blakeley, the father, 



died in 1858, his wife having passed away 
about 1838. 

(II) Lewis Blakeley, son of Joseph 

and (Harvey) Blakeley, was born 

in 1793, in Allegheny county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and grew to manhood in Forward 
township, Butler county. He established 
a distillery on the farm subsequently 
owned by his son Andrew, and for many 
years carried on that business in con- 
nection with agriculture. Mr. Blakeley 
married, in 181 5, Jane, born March 7, 
1797, in Washington county, daughter of 
Archibald McAllister, a native of Ire- 
land, who settled, in 1801, in Forward 
township, Butler county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Blakeley were the parents of the follow- 
ing children : John, Andrew, Jesse, Isaac, 
Joseph, Archibald, mentioned below ; 
Lewis, Harvey, William, Hannah J., mar- 
ried Edward Cookson, of Cranberry town- 
ship ; Thomas G., and Mordecai G. The 
father of the family died September 3, 
1845, leaving to his widow the care of 
such of their twelve children as had not 
yet attained maturity. Mrs. Blakeley, who 
was a woman of remarkable discretion, 
strong will power and great industry, 
possessing both moral and physical cour- 
age, performed well the duties that fell to 
her lot, giving her children every advan- 
tage which the times afforded. Inspired 
by their mother's patriotic devotion and 
loyalty five of the sons entered the Union 
army, and one, William Blakeley, Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the Fourteenth Penn- 
sylvania Cavalry, laid down his life in de- 
fense of the flag.- Mrs. Blakeley survived 
her husband nearly thirty-seven years, 
passing away on June 15, 1882, at the 
home of her daughter. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Blakeley were members of the Union 
Church which was organized in their 
neighborhood. 

(Ill) Colonel Archibald Blakeley, son 
of Lewis and Jane (McAllister) Blakeley, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was born July 24, 1827, near the conflu- 
ence of Glade Run and the Conoquenes- 
sing, in Butler county, Pennsylvania, and 
received his education in local schools 
and at Marshall Academy, Virginia. Af- 
ter completing his course of study he be- 
came an instructor in the schools of his 
native county, reading law, meanwhile, 
under the preceptorship of George W. 
Smith. On November 10, 1852, he was 
admitted to the Butler county bar. The 
standing which the young lawyer speed- 
ily attained is sufficiently indicated by 
the fact that the following year he was 
elected district attorney of Butler county, 
an office in which he served with credit 
until he resigned to join the army. He 
early began to take an active part in pol- 
itics and was one of the men who met, on 
February 22, 1856, in old Lafayette Hall, 
Pittsburgh, and took steps which resulted 
in the formation of the Republican party 
in the United States. In consequence of 
what was done at this meeting a national 
convention met in Philadelphia and nomi- 
nated for president, John C. Fremont, of 
California, and for vice-president, Wil- 
liam L. Dayton, of New Jersey. At this 
convention Mr. Blakeley, then a brilliant 
young lawyer, and already taking his 
place among political leaders, was a con- 
spicuous figure. Sixty years later he re- 
mained the sole and honored survivor of 
the historic gathering in Pittsburgh. 

A few years later the guns bombarding 
Fort Sumter thundered throughout the 
land the dread announcement of civil 
war, and among those who responded to 
President Lincoln's first call for troops 
was Archibald Blakeley. Distinguished 
in law and politics by native ability, he 
was a soldier by inheritance. His earliest 
paternal American ancestor, his great- 
grandfather, John Blakeley, who came 
from Ireland and settled in Pennsylvania, 
was killed in the battle of Brandywine in 



the Revolutionary War ; the maternal 
grandfather, Archibald McAllister, whose 
name he bore, had been a brave soldier 
of the Revolution, captain of Company A 
of the First Regiment of the Pennsylvania 
line, having been killed in the battle of 
Brandywine, and after the lapse of eighty 
years the spirit of '76 still burned. Arch- 
ibald Blakeley entered the military serv- 
ice of his country as lieutenant-colonel of 
the Seventy-eighth Regiment, Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, and for a time did duty 
as recruiting officer in Butler county. In 
October, 1861, Colonel Blakeley's regi- 
ment was transported by river from Pitts- 
burgh to Louisville, and there united with 
other Union troops in the attempt to pre- 
vent the Confederates from occupying 
that city. Colonel Blakeley fought with 
his regiment throughout the campaign 
which ended the war in Tennessee, Ken- 
tucky, Alabama and Georgia, participat- 
ing in the battles of Mill Springs, Fort 
Donaldson, Stone River, Shiloh, Lookout 
Mountain, Missionary Ridge, Orchard 
Knob, and all the engagements from Chat- 
tanooga to Atlanta. In March, 1862, Col- 
onel Blakeley was detailed by General 
Buehl and made president of the general 
court-martial and military commission in 
Nashville, and many men of national rep- 
utation were brought before him, his legal 
training making him an ideal man for the 
position of president of the court. 

After the battle of Stone River the col- 
onel of the Seventy-eighth Pennsylvania 
Regiment was transferred to another 
command, and Colonel Blakeley was in 
charge of the regiment during the battles 
of Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain and 
Missionary Ridge, which resulted in the 
defeat of the Confederates and the ulti- 
mate capture of Atlanta. After the vic- 
tories which resulted in the control of 
Chattanooga and the surrounding terri- 
tory had demonstrated the good fighting 



218 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



qualities of the Seventy-eighth, Colonel 
Blakeley was placed in charge of the 
troops on Lookout Mountain, retaining 
this command until April, 1864, when, at 
the opening of the Atlanta campaign, 
serious illness in his family compelled his 
resignation. When Andrew Johnson be- 
came president he nominated Colonel 
Blakeley as brevet brigadier-general, but 
the nomination was held up in the Senate 
during the exciting times in Congress. 

After Colonel Blakeley's return from 
the front he again became interested in 
the practice of law and was engaged in 
many important cases in Allegheny and 
other counties. He was the author of 
"Bench and Bar of Allegheny County," 
and his personal knowledge of the best- 
known and oldest Pittsburgh attorneys 
and jurists renders the work one of the 
most useful books of information regard- 
ing the subject of which it treats. He 
was president of the Pennsylvania com- 
mission for the erection of monuments to 
the seventeen Pennsylvania organizations 
which took part in the battle of Chicka- 
mauga and other fights in and around 
Chattanooga. He also served as presi- 
dent of the National Park Association at 
Lookout Mountain. In the ranks of the 
Union Veteran Legion Colonel Blakeley 
was always prominent, and one of his 
many distinctions consisted in the fact 
that he was elected national commander 
of that body. At the time of his death he 
had been for many years a vestryman of 
Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church. 

All who ever had the privilege of meet- 
ing Colonel Blakeley, or even passing him 
in the street, know that he was a man who 
looked what he was. His military bear- 
ing proclaimed the soldier, and his finely- 
cut features bore the stamp of the intel- 
lectual vigor which gained for him his 
place at the bar and his influence in the 
political world. His dark blue eyes, keen, 



steadfast and compelling, showed him to 
be a leader of men. In his latter years 
a crown of abundant white hair and a full 
beard of the same hue imparted to him an 
air of singular distinction, an appearance 
at once venerable and commanding. A 
representative of one of the most momen- 
tous epochs in our national history, no 
one who beheld him, though but for a few 
moments, ever forgot that noble face and 
form. 

Colonel Blakeley married, in 1854, 
Susan Drum Mechling, whose ancestral 
record is appended to this biography, and 
they became the parents of three sons: 
Frederick J., of Roseburg, Oregon : Wil- 
liam A., of Pittsburgh, former district at- 
torney of Allegheny county ; and Archibald 
M., an attorney of New York City. In 
his wife, "a perfect woman nobly 
planned," Colonel Blakeley ever found an 
ideal helpmate, a true comrade and the 
sunshine of his home. 

Until within two years of his death 
Colonel Blakeley was engaged in the ac- 
tive practice of his profession, and almost 
to the very end he retained his keen and 
broad-minded interest in the affairs not 
of his own community and nation alone, 
but of the world-at-large. On August 27, 
191 5, he passed away, "full of years and 
of honors," able lawyer, brave soldier, pa- 
triotic citizen, upright and warm-hearted 
man. In every class of society and in 
every walk of life friends rose up to honor 
his name and offer tributes to his memory. 

One of the Pittsburgh papers, the "Tel- 
egraph," said, in part: 

In the fullness of years Colonel Archibald 
Blakeley passed from this life yesterday evening. 
Had he done nothing more than assist in the 
organization of the Republican party he would 
have earned the esteem of his fellowmen ; but 
he did much, much more, for the honor of his 
country and his State. In his declining years, as 
in his prime, he was distinguished for his integ- 

19 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



rity and his devotion to the best interests of the 
community. And so it is that his memory will 
be cherished by all who knew him. 

By triple links which were as "hooks 
of steel," the life of this noble man con- 
nected the present with the past. He 
represented sixty years' history of the 
Pennsylvania bar, and his presence was 
a perpetual reminder of the war which 
resulted in the birth of a nation. But he 
linked us with events more remote than 
that. As one of the great ante-bellum 
group which helped to prepare the way 
for the war and its results, he stands be- 
fore us not only as one of the actors in 
a mighty drama, but in a sense, as one of 
its creators. His figure looms large in 
history, and the mists of time will have 
little power to obscure its heroic propor- 
tions. 

(The Mechling Line). 

(I) Jacob Mechling, the first ancestor 
of record, was a native of Germany, and 
not many years prior to the Revolution- 
ary War emigrated to the American col- 
onies, settling in Northampton county, 
Pennsylvania, and removing thence to 
Westmoreland county, where they passed 
the remainder of their lives. The words 
"they" and "their" are used not without 
reason, for Jacob Mechling was accom- 
panied in his wanderings by his wife, 
whom he married in Germany and whose 
name was Catherine. They died, respec- 
tively, on November i, 1827, and August 
18, 1832, each having attained the age of 
eighty-four years. 

(II) Jacob (2) Mechling, son of Jacob 
(1) and Catherine Mechling, was born 
December 8, 1770, in Northampton 
county, Pennsylvania, and enlisted in the 
United States army. In 1792 he was sent 
with his company to Chambers' Station, 
Westmoreland county, to guard the set- 
tlers against the Indians, and in 1796, 
after the Indian troubles had subsided, he 



went to Butler county and purchased a 
tract of land in what is now Washington 
township. Later he removed to the bor- 
ough of Butler and engaged in the hotel 
business, also becoming one of the pion- 
eer merchants of the town. Though a 
Democrat in politics, Mr. Mechling voted 
for Washington in 1792, but from Jeffer- 
son to Buchanan always cast his presi- 
dential vote for the candidate of his party. 
In 1803 he was elected county commis- 
sioner, and in 1804 justice of the peace. 
The same year he was chosen a member 
of the Legislature, serving continuously 
by re-elections until 1808. In 1809 he was 
appointed prothonotary, an office which 
he retained nine years. He served sev- 
eral terms in the Council, and for three 
years was chief burgess of the borough. 
He was a member of the Lutheran church. 
Mr. Mechling married, December 30, 
1794, Mary Magdalene Drum, and their 
children were : Jacob, mentioned below ; 
Susanna, born July 8, 1797, married 
(first) John McCleary and (second) 
Judge Cole, of Peru, Indiana; George, 
born June 3, 1799; Simon, born Septem- 
ber 16, 1801 ; Philip, born August 20, 
1803; Catherine B., born March 3, 1806, 
married Judge Joseph Buffington ; Christ- 
ian, born January 24, 1808; Benjamin, 
born March 28, 1810; Henry, born March 
22, 1812; Samuel, born June 21, 1814; and 
Thomas, born August 30, 1816. Jacob 
Mechling, the father of the family, died 
January 10, 1861. 

(Ill) Jacob (3) Mechling, son of Jac- 
ob (2) and Mary Magdalene (Drum) 
Mechling, was born October 20, 1795, in 
Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, and 
succeeded to the hotel business of his 
father which he conducted until 1865, 
when he retired. He was a soldier in the 
War of 1812, serving as lieutenant of a 
company from Butler which was sta- 
tioned at Black Rock, on the Niagara 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



river. He was successively a Whig and a 
Republican, and held the offices of asso- 
ciate judge, prothonotary and treasurer 
of Butler county, also serving in 1849 as 
chief burgess of Butler. In early life he 
was connected with the Lutheran church, 
but in later years united with the Protest- 
ant Episcopal church of Butler in which, 
for many years, he served as vestryman 
and senior warden. Mr. Mechling mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of John Thompson, 
and sister of the late Chief Justice James 
Thompson, and their children were: 
Mary J., married L. L. Lord, and is now 
deceased ; Susan Drum, mentioned below ; 
William T., deceased, graduated from 
West Point, was a colonel in the regular 
army ; Jacob J., of California ; Simon S., 
deceased ; and Joseph B., of Butler town- 
ship. Mrs. Mechling passed away in 
May, 1872, and her husband did not long 
survive her, his death occurring Septem- 
ber n, 1873. Colonel William T. Mech- 
ling, of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, son of Simon Mechling, is now 
postmaster at Butler. 

(IV) Susan Drum Mechling, daughter 
of Jacob (3) and Jane (Thompson) 
Mechling, became the wife of Colonel 
Archibald Blakeley, as stated above. 



BLAKELEY, Frederick J., 

Representative Citizen. 

A varied and eventful record is that of 
Frederick J. Blakeley, now of Roseburg, 
Oregon, but belonging by birth and an- 
cestry to Pennsylvania. For a number of 
years Mr. Blakeley was closely associated 
with railroad interests in Ohio, and subse- 
quently he took, for a time, a prominent 
part in the political life of Detroit, Mich- 
igan. Since becoming a resident of Ore- 
gon, Mr. Blakeley has been actively iden- 
tified with the elements most essential to 
the upbuilding and progress of that State. 



Frederick J. Blakeley was born Novem- 
ber 4, 1855, at Butler, Pennsylvania, and 
is a son of Colonel Archibald and Susan 
Drum (Mechling) Blakeley. One mem- 
orable event stands out distinctly in the 
boyhood of Frederick J. Blakeley. He ac- 
companied his mother when she went to 
visit his father at the front, arriving at 
Murfreesboro, Tennessee, where Colonel 
Blakeley was stationed, two days after 
the battle of Stone River. When the 
army was commanded to move forward 
they returned home, but the time spent 
at the camp was a never-to-be-forgotten 
episode in the life of the boy. 

After the close of the war the family 
moved to Franklin, Pennsylvania, where 
Frederick J. attended school, later going 
to Kenwood School, at New Brighton, 
Pennsylvania. In 1867 the family took 
up their abode in Pittsburgh and there 
Frederick J. attended the Western Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania (now the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh), afterward finishing 
his education at Lehigh University, Beth- 
lehem, Pennsylvania. On leaving this in- 
stitution he studied law with his father, 
but before he had completed the course 
decided to abandon the idea of a profes- 
sional career and to identify himself with 
railroad interests. His first step in this 
direction was to enter the engineering de- 
partment of the Wheeling & Lake Erie 
Railway, the headquarters being at Nor- 
walk, Ohio. Subsequently he associated 
himself with the Toledo, St. Louis & Kan- 
sas City Railway in the capacity of pay- 
master, with headquarters at Toledo, 
Ohio. After holding this position about 
one year he was recalled to the Wheeling 
& Lake Erie Railway to assume the office 
of assistant managing director, in charge 
of the right of way department. 

After his marriage, Mr. Blakeley lived 
for a time on a stock farm in Michigan, 
near Toledo, but after several years re- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



turned to that city, having secured a large 
railroad contract with the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern Railroad. 

It was about this time that Mr. Blake- 
ley became prominent in the political 
field, his abilities as an organizer having 
attracted special attention. In conse- 
quence of this he was solicited to conduct 
the campaign for the nomination of May- 
or Pingree, of Detroit, Michigan, for gov- 
ernor of the State. When he took charge 
of this campaign Mr. Blakeley found that 
the mass of the people were with Pingree, 
but that they had no organization and 
were opposed by the old guard, who had 
been in the harness for years, had a good 
organization, were well equipped finan- 
cially, and seemed to have everything in 
their favor. The campaign was one of the 
most bitterly contested in the history of 
the United States, but ended triumphant- 
ly, not only in the nomination of Mr. 
Pingree, but also in his election by the 
largest majority ever received by any 
gubernatorial candidate in Michigan. Mr. 
Blakeley was justly awarded great credit 
for the management of this campaign and 
was induced to remain in Detroit, resid- 
ing in that city until 1901. 

In that year Mr. Blakeley, who was as- 
sociated with Eastern capitalists in West- 
ern timber, went to Oregon to look after 
their holdings, and in 1905 decided to 
make his home in Roseburg, in that State, 
where he has resided continuously ever 
since. He has become active in the up- 
building and development of Oregon, and 
has taken a leading part in the political 
affairs of the State. Not only there, but 
also in the other places where he has re- 
sided, he has served as president and 
director of a number of corporations. He 
is a member of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. As may be inferred from his 
record Mr. Blakeley is a man of aggres- 
sive energy, much foresight and gifted 
both as an executant and administrator. 



Another of his endowments is his capac- 
ity for making friends, and also for keep- 
ing them. Loyal himself, he inspires loy- 
alty in others. He looks like what he is, 
a successful man of affairs and a man of 
race, true to the traditions of a noble 
ancestry. 

Mr. Blakeley married, June 15, 1882, 
Ada, daughter of Dr. W. W. and Adaline 
(Knaggs) Jones. Dr. Jones, who was 
mayor of Toledo, Ohio, was a lineal de- 
scendant of Captain Jones, of the "May- 
flower." Mrs. Jones was a great grand- 
daughter of Jonathan Carver, and a 
granddaughter of Whitmore Knaggs, who 
was Indian agent with General Lewis 
Cass of Detroit, Michigan, and in associa- 
tion with whom he helped to negotiate 
some of the most important Indian treat- 
ies. Mr. and Mrs. Blakeley became the 
parents of a son and two daughters: I. 
William J., whose biography follows. 2. 
Adeo Sue, born December 31, 1885, died 
May 8, 1910. 3. Grace Jones, born Octo- 
ber 15, 1889; married, February 10, 1915, 
H. J. Hildeburn, of Roseburg, Oregon. 
Care for the welfare of those nearest and 
dearest to him has ever been the dominant 
motive of Mr. Blakeley's life and his home 
was always to him a place of rest and 
refuge from the turmoil of affairs. The 
wife and mother, who was the center and 
source of the happiness of that home, 
passed away on February 23, 19 17, the 
event calling forth a spontaneous and 
touching proof of the place she had held 
in the hearts of the people of Roseburg. 
Her funeral services were conducted, by 
public request, at the Armory, and at the 
hour appointed all business houses were 
closed and all courts adjourned. The 
services were conducted by the Grand 
Army of the Republic and the Women's 
Relief Committee, in conjunction with the 
rendering of the last rites of the Protest- 
ant Episcopal church. 

Frederick J. Blakeley has played an 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



active and influential part in the indus- 
trial development and political affairs of 
no fewer than three states of the Union, 
but never does Pennsylvania forget that 
he is her son. With the pride of posses- 
sion she has watched each successive step 
of his career, and in any history of her 
representative men she claims the appear- 
ance of his biography and portrait as one 
of her inalienable rights. 



BLAKELEY, William Augustus, 

Lawyer, Public Official. 

The career of the late William A. Blake- 
ley, former district attorney of the city 
of Pittsburgh, furnishes a striking refuta- 
tion of the popular belief that it is more 
difficult for the son of a successful man to 
make for himself a name and place in the 
world than it is for him who enters the 
arena unheralded. Comparison with his 
eminent ancestors shows a balance in Mr. 
Blakeley's favor, the distinction which he 
attained in his private practice being sur- 
passed only by the richly-merited honor 
which attended him in his official life. 

William Augustus Blakeley was born 
February 24, 1866, in Franklin, Venango 
county, Pennsylvania, and was a son of 
Colonel Archibald and Susan Drum 
( Mechling) Blakeley. While he was still 
an infant his parents moved to the old city 
of Allegheny (now North Side, Pitts- 
burgh), and it was in the public schools 
of that neighborhood that he received his 
early education. Later he attended the 
Sewickley Academy, where he was pre- 
pared for the Western University of 
Pennsylvania (now the University of 
Pittsburgh), whence he proceeded to the 
University of Michigan. From that in- 
stitution he graduated in 1887 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts. Immediately 
after this event Mr. Blakeley returned to 
Pittsburgh, where he at once engaged in 



newspaper work, bcoming a reporter for 
the "Commercial Gazette" and the "Pitts- 
burgh Press." While thus busily en- 
gaged he did not lose sight of his ultimate 
object which was the profession of the 
law. His spare hours were devoted to 
legal studies in the office of Major A. M. 
Brown, and on June 13, 1891, on motion 
of Judge Charles S. Fetterman, he was ad- 
mitted to the Allegheny county bar. Al- 
most on the threshold of his career the 
young lawyer rose into prominence. In 
1893 he was appointed deputy district at- 
torney under District Attorney Clarence 
Burleigh, retaining the position until his 
resignation at the expiration of the first 
year of the incumbency of John C. Hay- 
maker. Thereafter for a number of years 
Mr. Blakeley devoted himself to private 
practice, making a record which brought 
him conspicuously and favorably into 
public notice. He was connected with 
many of the most important of the civil 
and criminal cases which were tried in 
the courts of Allegheny county, meeting 
with unusual success in conducting them 
to a satisfactory conclusion. Among those 
which added greatly to his prestige were 
the J. McD. Scott cases. In the matter of 
obtaining favorable verdicts Mr. Blake- 
ley could scarcely be said to have a supe- 
rior. One of the best known instances 
of his ability in this direction is the case 
of J. C. Robinson, secretary of The Cash 
Industrial and The Globe Building and 
Loan associations, who was charged with 
having embezzled sixty-three thousand 
dollars of the funds of these corporations. 
Another instance is the case of Joseph L. 
and Susan L. Miller, for whom Mr. Blake- 
ley obtained a verdict of ninety-seven 
thousand dollars, this sum being within 
one thousand dollars of the highest ver- 
dict ever obtained in Allegheny county, 
and creating considerable comment 
throughout the entire State. In 1901 the 



223 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



course of his private practice was inter- 
rupted by his appointment as assistant 
city solicitor under City Solicitor Thomas 
Carnahan, serving until the election of 
Mayor William B. Hays. He then re- 
sumed private practice, and in March, 
1905, formed a partnership with ex-Judge 
Eliot Rodgers and George H. Calvert, the 
firm name being Rodgers, Blakeley & Cal- 
vert. On January 1 ,1908, Judge Rodgers 
withdrew from the partnership and Mr. 
Blakeley became senior member in the 
firm of Blakeley & Calvert. 

On December 14, 1908, Mr. Blakeley 
was appointed by the unanimous consent 
of all the judges of the Court of Common 
Pleas, district attorney of Allegheny 
county, to fill the vacancy caused by the 
death of Henry L. Goehring. In 1909 he 
was elected to the office by an overwhelm- 
ing majority. The period of his adminis- 
tration forms the climax of his career, for 
in it he stood before the public not only 
as the eminent lawyer but also as the 
fearless champion of the people's rights, 
the uncompromising foe of treachery and 
fraud. He labored diligently in untang- 
ling the conspiracy in the City Council 
and in prosecuting the offenders. Coun- 
cilmen and bankers were convicted and 
sent to the penitentiary or jail. It was 
while he served as district attorney by 
appointment that this episode, which has 
been graphically called "the clean-up of 
Pittsburgh," occurred, and it was his ag- 
gressiveness in behalf of right and justice 
which won for him the unanimous Repub- 
lican nomination for the full term and 
victory at the subsequent election. In 
1913 Mr. Blakeley received the tribute of 
the offer of a renomination, but expressed 
his refusal of the honor in the following 
words : 

Upon the expiration of my present term, Jan- 
uary, 1914 I shall have occupied the office of dis- 
trict attorney for a period of five years. The 
first four were exceedingly busy ones and called 



forth the best efforts and attention of everyone 
connected with the office. What things were done 
and how they were done are matters entirely 
within the knowledge of the public, and I need 
not make further comment. I hope that we may 
be able to close the eleven remaining months of 
service with as much satisfaction to ourselves and 
the public generally as rewarded our work of the 
previous years of our administration. 

Mr. Blakeley's conduct of the office of 
public prosecutor has been a refreshing 
exhibition of what a man with a con- 
science and a good stiff backbone can do. 
His disregard of his own future at the 
hands of the dominant political machine 
has won him, the admiration of every 
right thinking man and woman in the 
community. He deserves the greatest 
credit for the manner in which he has 
handled the entire situation. He has un- 
doubtedly had to resist tremendous in- 
fluences which would have put an end to 
all further prosecutions. He has even had 
to institute proceedings against some of 
his old friends and associates. Yet 
through it all he has stood true to his 
duties as state's attorney. There are 
many things in his present attitude that 
point to real greatness of character, a 
thing too seldom found in a public official 
these days. 

Among the professional organizations 
in which Mr. Blakeley was enrolled were 
the Pennsylvania Bar Association, of 
which he was at one time vice-president, 
and the Allegheny County Bar Associa- 
tion, in which he served on the committee 
of offenses. He also belonged to the 
American Bar Association, the American 
Institute of Criminal Law and Criminol- 
ogy, and was at one time a member of the 
faculty of the Pittsburgh Law School. 
His clubs were the Duquesne Club, Pitts- 
burgh Club, Pittsburgh Athletic Associa- 
tion, Allegheny Country, Pittsburgh 
Country, Union, University, and last but 
not least, the Automobile Club of Pitts- 
burgh, for he was a most enthusiastic 




^^xZ^u^^^ x %2i^t 





ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



motorist. He also belonged to the Art 
Society of Pittsburgh, the Church Club of 
Pittsburgh, and the Civic Club of Alle- 
gheny County. 

There was, as has been well said, noth- 
ing narrow nor petty in the character of 
Mr. Blakeley. No one, however, who had 
once met him, would need to be assured 
of this fact, for a glance at his counten- 
ance, which bore the stamp of a large 
nature and a candid disposition, would 
have inspired the strongest conviction. 
His expression, keen and searching as it 
was, was tempered by a kindliness which 
gave evidence of a warm and sympathetic 
heart. He was a man of profound beliefs 
and his exceptional power in impressing 
his beliefs upon others was due in great 
measure to his tenacity and capacity for 
concentration. 

On his retirement from the office of dis- 
trict attorney Mr. Blakeley resumed priv- 
ate practice. He was in the prime of life 
and it seemed not improbable that he 
might again be unanimously summoned 
by his fellow-citizens to serve them in 
a place of honor and responsibility. But 
it was not to be. On May 26, 1917, he 
passed away, his death depriving the bar 
of Allegheny county of one of its bright- 
est ornaments and the metropolis of 
Pennsylvania of an ideal citizen. It is 
thus that William Augustus Blakeley will 
be remembered. His name will live in the 
annals of his profession and his city as 
that of an able and high-minded lawyer 
whose powers were consecrated to the 
righting of wrongs, the vindication of the 
innocent, and the incorruptible and invin- 
cible maintenance and defense of good 
government and civic virtue. 



BLAKELEY, William J., 

Lawyer. 

Among those Pittsburgh lawyers who 
have, within the last five years, taken 



their places as members of the Allegheny 
county bar, William J. Blakeley has al- 
ready won merited recognition. Mr. 
Blakeley was until recently a member of 
the well-known firm of Blakeley & Blake- 
ley, but has practiced alone since the 
death of his uncle, William A. Blakeley, 
senior partner, and one of the most dis- 
tinguished members of the Pittsburgh 
bar. 

William J. Blakeley was born October 
25, 1883, at Toledo, Ohio, and is a son of 
Frederick J. and Ada (Jones) Blakeley, 
and a grandson of Colonel Archibald and 
Susan Drum, (Mechling) Blakeley. The 
Blakeley family has been resident in 
Western Pennsylvania since the latter 
part of the eighteenth century, and for 
sixty years and upwards has been repre- 
sented in Pittsburgh. Biographies and 
portraits of Colonel Archibald Blakeley 
and his son, William A. Blakeley, both 
deceased, precede this. 

The preparatory education of William 
J. Blakeley was received in the public 
schools of Toledo, and the Toledo Central 
High School, from which he graduated. 
He then spent two years at Cornell Univ- 
ersity, Ithaca, New York, and at the end 
of that time entered the law school of the 
University of Pittsburgh, graduating in 
1912 with the degree of Doctor of Laws. 
He then became a law student in the office 
of Blakeley & Calvert, Mr. William A. 
Blakeley, of this firm, being his uncle and 
acting as his preceptor. In 1913 he was 
admitted to the Allegheny county bar. 
Immediately thereafter Mr. Blakeley be- 
gan practice in association with the firm 
of Blakeley & Calvert, giving, as the years 
went on, increasing evidence that he had 
made no mistake in the choice of a pro- 
fession. In January, 1916, his uncle, Wil- 
liam A. Blakeley, withdrew from the firm 
of Blakeley & Calvert, forming the part- 
nership of Blakeley & Blakeley. This as- 
sociation of uncle and nephew was main- 



225 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tained until the death of the former, 
which occurred May 26, 1917. Since that 
time he has practiced alone. Mr. Blake- 
ley is a member of Trinity Protestant 
Episcopal Church. He is the descendant 
of men who have made the family name 
synonymous in Pittsburgh with military 
distinction and professional eminence. 



PRICHARD, Frank Perley, 
Lawyer. 

For more than a quarter of a century 
the Philadelphia bar numbered among its 
leaders the late Frank P. Prichard, for 
many years the legal associate of the late 
John G. Johnson, and afterwards head of 
the well-known firm of Prichard, Saul, 
Bayard & Evans, until the time of his 
death. With eminence in his profession 
Mr. Prichard combined noteworthy ac- 
tivity as a citizen, taking a foremost part 
in all that concerned municipal reform 
and the cause of public progress. 

Frank Perley Prichard was born May 
30, 1853, in Charlestown, Massachusetts, 
and was a son of Abraham P. and Frances 
A. (Sawyer) Prichard. Frank P. Prich- 
ard attended the public schools of Phil- 
adelphia, and in 1870 graduated from the 
Central High School. After reading law 
for a time with the late Arthur M. Burton, 
Mr. Prichard entered the law school of 
the University of Pennsylvania, graduat- 
ing with the class of 1874. On June 1, of 
that year, he was admitted to the bar of 
Philadelphia. Entering without delay 
upon the active practice of his profession, 
Mr. Prichard won speedy recognition 
both for native ability and devotion to 
duty. These qualities, combined with 
comprehensive equipment, soon built up 
for him a very high and firmly assured 
reputation. For over thirty-five years he 
was associated with the late John G. 
Johnson. In 1878 Mr. Prichard was elec- 



ted president of the Law Academy, be- 
coming one of the best-known lawyers in 
Philadelphia. He was editor of the 
"Weekly Xotes of Cases" and of the 
"American Law Register." During the 
years 191 5, 1916 and 1917 he served as 
chancellor of the Law Association of Phil- 
adelphia. 

In all that made for civic betterment 
Mr. Prichard was an enthusiastic worker. 
In November, 1904, in pursuance of a res- 
olution passed at a meeting of citizens, he 
was appointed chairman of a committee 
of seven citizens to recommend some plan 
for the improvement of existing municipal 
conditions, and as a result of the report of 
this committee the Committee of Seventy 
was formed, Mr. Prichard acting as a 
member of its executive committee. Sug- 
gestions and plans for placing in the field 
a full list of independent candidates for 
magistrates and councilmen were dis- 
cussed and it was, eventually, through the 
work of this committee that the project 
was carried out. In addition to the liter- 
ary work already mentioned, Mr. Prich- 
ard wrote and published a number of 
addresses on political and legal subjects. 
In 1910 he was appointed by the Governor 
of the State chairman of the Committee 
to Codify and Revise Pennsylvania Elec- 
tion Laws and on this committee he 
served until 1913. He was a director of 
the Land Title and Trust Company and 
of the Philadelphia Company for Guar- 
anteeing Mortgages. Politically Mr. 
Prichard was a Republican. He was one 
of the trustees of the Thomas W. Evans 
Museum and Institute Society, and his 
clubs were the Rittenhouse and Univer- 
sity. 

The personality of Mr. Prichard was 
complex and at the same time singularly 
attractive. Profoundly learned in his pro- 
fession, and possessing broad general cul- 
ture, he was also endowed with the qual- 



226 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ities which win and hold friends. His 
bearing was dignified, and while his hab- 
itual expression was that of gravity he 
manifested, in the company of his inti- 
mates, a geniality and a sense of humor, 
the charm of which will be long remem- 
bered by those privileged to enjoy it. 

Mr. Prichard married, April 14, 1898, 
Florence Newell, daughter of Henry N. 
and Annie M. Tilton, of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, and they became the par- 
ents of three daughters: Margaret T., 
Elizabeth P., and Anne Perley. 

At the zenith of his career and in the 
full maturity of his powers this able and 
gifted man was suddenly summoned from 
the scenes of his labors and successes, 
passing away on August 29, 191 8, at 
Grand Canyon, Yellowstone National 
Park. In Philadelphia the announcement 
of the sad event was received by the bar 
and judiciary with the deepest regret, 
and carried to the hearts of Mr. Prich- 
ard's personal friends a sense of inexpres- 
sible bereavement. Among the many 
tributes offered to the character and work 
of this eminent lawyer and public-spirited 
citizen the following extracts from an 
editorial which appeared in a Philadelphia 
paper express with peculiar felicity the 
universal sentiment: 

The Philadelphia bar and a representative sec- 
tion of the public will to-day pay the last tribute 
of respect and esteem to the late Frank P. Prich- 
ard. News of his death in Wyoming, while seek- 
ing a rest abundantly earned by the labors devolv- 
ing on him after the demise of John G. Johnson 
with whom he has been associated for thirty-five 
years, brought a shock to the profession and the 
wide public to whom he was known as a dis- 
tinguished lawyer. 

Mr. Prichard owed his advancement to sterling 
manhood. He stood for the same lofty ideals of 
professional service as his chief. He never prac- 
tised the arts of personal advertisements, but ac- 
quired authority by devotion to public and private 
duty. * * * Above all he was a high-minded 
man, with winning personal qualities and earnest- 



ness of purpose in discharging his duties both 
as a lawyer with a highly responsible practice 
and as a private citizen. 

When a man is thus portrayed by those 
of his own community nothing remains 
to be added. The last word of apprecia- 
tion has been spoken. 



CHAMBERS, Alexander, 

Glass Manufacturer. 

Among the men who have given Pitts- 
burgh a high repute as a glass manufac- 
turing center, and especially among those 
who have aided in developing the indus- 
try and making it what it is, Alexander 
Chambers must be awarded a high and 
honorable place. He has departed from 
the scene of labors, but his memory is 
held in grateful affection in many hearts, 
and perpetuated in the great establish- 
ment he founded. He was naturally 
equipped for a successful contest with 
circumstances, having in his Scotch-Irish 
ancestry a foundation of pluck, energy, 
and courage of the most substantial kind. 

James Chambers, father of Alexander 
Chambers, came from the North of Ire- 
land, and settled in what was then Bay- 
ardstown, but is now a part of Pittsburgh. 
He was a useful citizen in his day and 
generation, filling for over twenty years 
the position of alderman from the Fifth 
Ward. 

Alexander Chambers was given a fair 
education for the day in the common 
schools of Pittsburgh, and at the proper 
time, and in accordance with the almost 
universal custom of the time, was set to 
learn a trade. That chosen for him was 
the glass blowing. He faithfully served 
his apprenticeship, working with his head 
as well as his hands, and making himself 
master of the business in all its branches, 
with a fair idea as to its possibilities. 
Therefore he was prepared, when starting 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



for himself, to take such steps and only 
such as were to the best advantage. His 
first venture was made in company with a 
brother, David H. Chambers, in 1843. 
They located in the old Fifth Ward, and 
were engaged in the manufacture of vials 
and green and black bottles. They re- 
mained in this locality, gradually extend- 
ing their business and building up a trade 
until 1853, when they removed their 
works to what was then called South 
Pittsburgh, but is now a part of the city 
and known as the South Side. Here they 
continued in the manufacture of vials and 
bottles and added window glass thereto. 
The site occupied was where the estab- 
lishment of A. and D. H. Chambers was 
located and remained for over thirty 
years. When the two brothers com- 
menced on the South Side they employed 
less than fifty men, but so greatly had the 
business grown that now five hundred 
are required. David H. Chambers died in 
1862, but the business was continued by 
his brother without the addition of any 
new partners or change in management. 
Alexander Chambers was one of the 
best known glassmen the country over, 
and was one of the leading spirits there- 
in. His mind was active and always seek- 
ing out new avenues of development and 
improvement in the manufacture of glass. 
He was one of the first in the country to 
increase the size of window glass, and he 
was very successful in his ventures in 
that direction. He was recognized for 
many years as the leader in his line of 
manufacture. He gave his chief thought 
and attention to the glass business, and 
allowed no other interests to divert him 
therefrom ; that was while he was actively 
engaged in it, although in the later years 
of his life he gave it only a general over- 
sight, and left it in charge of those who 
have so worthily conducted it since his 
death. He was financially and personally 



interested in a number of outside enter- 
prises for the development and upbuild- 
ing of Pittsburgh, among them being the 
Exchange National Bank, of which he 
was director, while he held stock in many 
of the other banks and insurance com- 
panies of Pittsburgh. He represented his 
home ward in the City Council for a num- 
ber of terms, and while there was noted 
for his good common sense and business 
prudence. He was one of the pioneers 
of the South Side, and always took an ac- 
tive interest in anything relating to its 
material or moral improvement. He was 
a member of its borough government for 
a time, and one of the influential men 
thereto. His heart was moved by any 
worthy or humane cause. During the 
Civil War for the Union cause, he was an 
earnest and practical friend to his coun- 
try, generously equipping several com- 
panies, and aiding in all possible ways in 
his power. 

The business and personal character of 
Mr. Chambers are somewhat outlined in 
the above, but much more can be truth- 
fully said concerning him. He was one 
of the most generous-hearted men that 
could anywhere be found, and with him 
the instinct to give was followed by the 
act itself. He made no large donation, 
but his alms were continuous and did 
daily good in many directions. He could 
hear of no cause of want or trouble with- 
out wishing to become one of the means 
of relief. A day did not pass that did not 
see some chance for generosity laid at his 
door, and to his honor let it be said that 
no worthy applicant was ever sent away 
ompty-handed. He gave liberally to the 
:hurch and to the organized forms of 
charity of Pittsburgh. He was noted for 
his steady industry and indomitable 
pluck, while his uprightness of character 
was recognized and acknowledged by all. 
His word was all that any man required, 






ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and when that was once given it was 
sacred. He had, in a wonderful degree, 
the faculty of being fair and just to all 
men, and could fairly arbitrate on a case 
in which he had an interest, giving to all 
sides a hearing, and deciding against him- 
self if the facts led to such conclusion. 
His mind was acute and active, suggest- 
ing methods in the manufacture of glass 
calculated to lessen the cost and improve 
the quality. 

Alexander Chambers married Martha 
Jane, daughter of Henderson Wightman, 
of Pittsburgh. Mr. and Mrs. Chambers 
were the parents of the following child- 
ren : i. James A., the only son, a biog- 
raphy and portrait of whom follows. 2. 
Olivia, who married Hartley Howard, of 
Pittsburgh, becoming the mother of three 
children : Alexander Chambers Howard, 
Hartly Howard, Jr., who married Mary 
Painter, daughter of the late Park Paint- 
er, of Pittsburgh, and Martha. Mr. How- 
ard died and Mrs. Olivia Howard married 
(second) Warren, who is now de- 
ceased, leaving one child, Innis Warren. 3. 
Maria H., who married Calbraith Rodgers, 
captain of the Fifth Artillery, United 
States army ; Captain Rodgers was killed in 
the Indian War ; they had three children : 
i. Calbraith Rodgers, Jr., who became an 
aviator and was the first and only one to 
fly from New York City to Los Angeles, 
California; he met his death a few years 
ago while flying in Los Angeles, ii. Perry 
Rodgers. iii. Martha Rodg'-s, who mar- 
ried Albert Pease, of New \ork City. 4. 
Elizabeth B., who married Admiral John 
A. Rodgers, of the United States Navy, a 
brother of Captain Calbraith Rodgers, 
who married her sister ; Admiral Rodgers 
is now a retired Admiral of the United 
States Navy, and is living in his old fam- 
ily homestead near Havre de Grace, 
Maryland; they are the parents of three 
children: John A. Rodgers, Jr., a com- 
mander in the United States Navy ; Alex- 



ander, deceased ; and Robert, who is also 
in the United States Navy. Admiral 
Rodgers' mother was Miss Perry, of the 
family of the late Commodore Perry, 
United States Navy. Mrs. Chambers was 
a descendant of the Carroll family of Car- 
rollton, forever famous in our history and 
a scion of a very ancient and illustrious 
Irish family transplanted to Maryland by 
Sir Macilroona O'Carroll, who received a 
grant of sixty thousand acres of land in 
the colony. The other Carrolls of Mary- 
land came from Spain by way of the West 
Indies. Both branches use the following 
arms, crest and motto : 

Arms — Argent, two lions combatant gules, sup- 
porting a sword proper, hilted and pommelled or. 

Crest — On the stump of an oak sprouting new 
branches proper, a hawk of the last, belled or. 

Motto — In fide et in bello fortis. 

Mr. Chambers made several visits to 
Europe, and in other ways used the leis- 
ure of his later years in recreation and 
travel that were not possible to him when 
in the cares of an active business life. He 
was a man in the possession of good 
health almost up to the close of his life, 
and the end came after only a few days 
of sickness. When his death, which oc- 
curred on March 28, 1875 was announced, 
the feeling of grief throughout Pitts- 
burgh was universal, and he was lamented 
as one who had accomplished a large 
share of good in the world, and who had 
faithfully served his day and generation. 
His impress on the glass business of 
Pittsburgh was of lasting character, and 
the great manufacturing house he created 
serves as the most fitting monument to 
his memorv. 



CHAMBERS, James A., 

Leader in Glass Industry. 

Glass making, one of the most ancient 
if arts, is but little more than a century 



229 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



old in Pittsburgh. Nevertheless, today, 
whatever it may be in the glass line that 
the prospective buyer is seeking, it is to 
Pittsburgh that he resorts for its pur- 
chase. The men who first developed the 
i ldustry were the originators of a phen- 
cmenal work and those who maintain it 
i t the present time have upon their hands 
o task of still greater magnitude. Prom- 
inent in this latter class is James A. 
Chambers, former president of the Cham- 
bers & McKee Glass Company; also the 
Chambers Window Glass Company and 
vhe American Window Glass Company. 
Mr. Chambers is distinguished not only as 
a manufacturer and one of the recognized 
leaders of the glass industry, but also as 
a man of initiative and origination, whose 
pioneer work in the introduction of the 
tank melting furnace for window glass, 
together with his development of ma- 
chines for the manufacture of cylinder 
window glass, has given him an interna- 
tional reputation. 

James A. Chambers, son of Alexander 
and Martha Jane (Wightman) Chambers, 
was born February 28, 1849, in Pitts- 
burgh, and received an education adapted 
to fit him for the part he was to play in 
life. After attending the public schools 
of his native city he entered the Pennsyl- 
vania Military Academy at West Chester, 
Pennsylvania, and on leaving this institu- 
tion entered the service of the old firm of 
the A. and D. H. Chambers Window 
Glass Manufacturing Company, which 
firm was a partnership, the members be- 
ing Alexander Chambers and his brother. 
James A. Chambers was at this time only 
a lad and so may be said to have grown 
up in the glass business. For this busi- 
ness he showed himself, at the very be- 
ginning of his career, so well fitted that 
after being in the office only a short time 
he was made general manager, which po- 
sition he retained until 1877, when he 



closed the business of the firm of A. and 
D. H. Chambers Window Glass Manufac- 
turing Company. 

At this period of his life it became evi- 
dent that Mr. Chambers possessed not 
only sound judgment, but also initiative, 
that he was distinctly a man of progres- 
sive ideas. In 1877 he selected a site on 
the Pennsylvania Railroad, twenty-eight 
miles from Pittsburgh, and in co-opera- 
tion with M. Sellers McKee, at that time 
one of the leading tableware manufac- 
turers of Pittsburgh, built the first win- 
dow glass melting furnaces ever put up 
in the United States. This bold and de- 
cisive action marked an epoch in the his- 
tory of a great industry. 

In the course of time a desire to go into 
business for himself prompted Mr. Cham- 
bers to organize, as we have seen, the firm 
of Chambers & McKee. Their plant was 
situated where Jeannette now stands, and 
Mr. Chambers is justly regarded as the 
founder of that flourishing and progres- 
sive community. The plant was at that 
time the largest in the world for the man- 
ufacture of window glass, and when the 
firm was incorporated as the Chambers & 
McKee Glass Company, Mr. Chambers 
became president. Subsequently Mr. 
Chambers founded the Chambers Win- 
dow Glass Company, building a plant in 
Arnold, a suburb of New Kensington. 
This plant was constructed and operated 
along the same lines as that of the Cham- 
bers & McKee Glass Company. These 
plants are the finest of their kind in the 
United States, and are the finest equipped 
window glass plants in the world. They 
manufacture all kinds of cylinder window 
glass, making the celebrated "Chambers 
Eagle Brand," "Chambers Columbia 
Brand," the "Chambers Crystal Picture," 
and the "Chambers Select 26-oz" Mr. 
Chambers was the first president of this 
company, retaining the office until the 



230 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



consolidation in 1900, and to an extent 
which it is impossible to estimate this 
widely-known organization is the crea- 
tion of its founder. 

Some years later the spirit of enter- 
prise which is so dominant a factor in 
Mr. Chambers personality found expres- 
sion in the organization of the American 
Window Glass Company, which was a 
consolidation of the Chambers & McKee 
Window Glass Company, the Chambers 
Glass Company and all the more import- 
ant window glass manufacturing com- 
panies in the United States. Mr. Cham- 
bers was, in this venture, the ruling spirit, 
and became the first president, remaining 
in office until 1910, when he retired. The 
Chambers & McKee Glass Company is 
still in operation as a part of the Amer- 
ican Window Glass Company. Until re- 
tiring he was president of the tariff com- 
mittee of the Window Glass Association, 
also holding the presidency and active 
leadership of all the important window 
glass manufacturing associations. 

Among the many proofs of Mr. Cham- 
bers progressive spirit and inventive gen- 
ius there is one which should stand be- 
side his introduction of the tank-melting 
furnace. This is his development, in as- 
sociation with Mr. Lubbers who was em- 
ployed by him, of machines for the manu- 
facture of cylinder window glass. While 
president of the American Window Glass 
Company he turned over all his patents to 
this company. This is today the most 
successful method for the manufacture of 
window glass and is used almost exclu- 
sively in that manufacture in the United 
States, England, Canada, France and 
Japan. 

Public spirit is something in which Mr. 
Chambers has never been found wanting, 
but for the excitements of political life he 
has no taste and office seeking and office 
holding are alike repugnant to him. The 



only public position which he ever con- 
sented to hold was that of a member of 
the Lake Erie & Ohio River Ship Canal 
Commission. He belongs to the Du- 
quesne Club, the Pittsburgh Club, the 
Allegheny Country Club, and the Pitts- 
burgh Athletic Association, and has for 
years been conspicuous in the club life 
of Pittsburgh. He is a member and at- 
tendant of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Pittsburgh. 

Perhaps the clearest possible idea of 
Mr. Chambers personal appearance can be 
conveyed by saying that he looks like a 
man of deep reflection, wide experience 
and decisive action. A glance at his face 
reveals the fact that he is pre-eminently 
one of the world's doers, that his part in 
life is accomplishment and that he leaves 
to others the recital of his deeds. His 
nature, though somewhat undemonstra- 
tive, is warmly social as the number of his 
friends bears eloquent testimony. 

A man who lived through, albeit only 
as a boy, the momentous period of the 
Civil War, must hold in his memory 
many things possessing the most intense 
interest for those of a later generation. 
Perhaps the most thrilling of all Mr. 
Chambers' recollections and the one in- 
vested with the greatest historic value is 
that of the assassination of President Lin- 
coln. On that ever-memorable night the 
boy, then a student at the Pennsylvania 
Military Academy, was taken by his 
father to Ford's Theater, and not long 
since, in relating the incident, said: 

I can still recall how the house was draped 
with American flags in honor of the President's 
presence. Mr. Lincoln was sitting in the upper 
box. The lower box, as the theatre was built, 
was on a level with the stage, and the upper box 
was not much more than seven or eight feet 
above the stage level. The president was in the 
upper box. I can see his face now as he sat 
there shortly after the curtain arose. Just below 
his box was a big American flag, draped down. 



231 



^^hA-t SMTP 



■ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



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Suddenly we heard a shot — I looked up toward 
the box and then I saw Booth jump from the 
box. He had boots and spurs on, and his spurs 
caught in the folds of the flag and he nearly fell 
headlong on the stage. He had a large bowie 
knife in his hand, and as he rallied himself after 
his tangle with the flag he walked across the stage 
facing the audience waving the knife in his up- 
lifted hand and made his celebrated declaration 
— "Sic Semper Tyrannis," but I cannot recall 
that he made the aftermath declaration : "The 
South is Avenged," so often attributed to him. 
Father and I waited and saw President Lincoln 
carried out of the theatre on a stretcher. His face 
was white as a sheet. They took him across the 
street, and then father and I went to Willard's to 
wait for news. We had hardly reached there 
when we heard that Seward had been assas- 
sinated and that Grant had been waylaid at Havre 
de Grace. Grant was on his way to' Washington 
at the time and his adjutant was at the hotel. 
This officer soon allayed our fears by telling us 
that he had absolute information that Grant was 
all right. My father went to Stanton, secretary 
of war, and got passports for us to go to City 
Point, where Grants' headquarters were at that 
time. Father had known General Grant before. 
I was in my cadet uniform from the military 
school in Pennsylvania. Our uniforms were gray, 
modeled after those of West Point, and I recall 
ow a sentry stopped us and wanted to know if 
": lad though I was, were a Confederate soldier. 
We met General Grant at City Point and later 
went on to Petersburg, where we saw the soldiers' 
underground quarters occupied by them before 
the final assault that wound up with the occupa- 
tion of Richmond. 

Such a narrative from the lips of a man 
[who has but recently withdrawn from the 
(turmoil of the business arena must have 
'made the listeners feel that they were par- 
ticipants in an event which had for half 
a century belonged to the dominion of 
history, and that they were at the same 
time living amid the rushing progress and 
startling developments of the ensuing 
hundred years. 

Mr. Chambers married, December 10, 
1874, Maria, daughter of James, Jr. and 
Elizabeth (Micheltree) Patton, of Alle- 
gheny, now North Side, Pittsburgh. Mr. 



and Mrs. Chambers are the parents of 
four children: I. Alexander. 2. Eliza- 
beth, married William N. Murray, of 
Pittsburgh, and they had one child, Eliz- 
abeth ; Mrs. Murray is now deceased. 3. 
Marion, married George C. Wilson, Jr., 
of Pittsburgh, and they have one child, 
Maria ; Mr. Wilson is a son of George C. 
Wilson, a prominent attorney of Pitts- 
burgh, whose biography and steel por- 
trait appear elsewhere in this work. 4. 
Martha Jane, married Thomas J. McKay, 
of Pittsburgh, and they are the parents 
of four children : James Chambers, 
Thomas J., Jr., Elizabeth and Lawrence. 
Factories in England, France, Japan 
and Germany are equipped with machines 
developed and introduced by James A. 
Chambers. As a son of a pioneer in the 
upbuilding of one of the greatest indus- 
tries of Western Pennsylvania he brought 
to that field of activity the fruits of his 
father's experience and the wealth of his 
own ability and determination. The City 
of Pittsburgh, the State of Pennsylvania, 
the United States and the World-at-large 
bear witness to the results. 



FERREE, Clifford B., 

Business Man. 

Among the business men of Pittsburgh 
must be numbered Clifford B. Ferree, 
member of the firm of W. W. Mudge & 
Company, of Pittsburgh. 

The family of Ferree is of French deri- 
vation, and the coat-of-arms is as follows : 

Arms — Azure, three plates, a bordure chequy 
argent and azure. 

John Ferree, with whom this record has 
its inception, having fled his native land 
under religious persecution, finding asy- 
lum in the Palatinate of Gerrnany, where 
he died. He belonged to the class known 
in history as Huguenots, his widow Mary, 



232 




7 JUUU. 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



in 1709, coming to America, accompanied 
by her six children : Daniel, Catherine, 
Mary, Philip, of whom further ; Jane, and 
John. 

(II) Philip Ferree, son of John and 
Mary Ferree, married Leah, daughter of 
Abraham Du Bois (who was born in 1659, 
died in 1731), and granddaughter of Louis 
and Catherine Du Bois, who immigrated 
to America in 1660. Children of Philip 
and Leah (Du Bois) Ferree: Abraham, 
Isaac, of whom further; Jacob, Philip, 
Joel, Elizabeth, Magdaline, Leah, and 
Rachel. The arms of the Du Bois family 
is as follows: 

Arms — Sable, an eagle displayed or. 

(III) Isaac Ferree, son of Philip and 
Leah (Du Bois) Ferree, was born 1752, 
married, and had a son, Jacob. 

(IV) Jacob Ferree, son of Isaac Fer- 
ree, married Rachel, his first cousin, 
daughter of Joel Ferree, and had children : 
Jacob, of whom further; Joel, Jane, Reb- 
ecca, and Elizabeth. 

(V) Jacob (2) Ferree, son of Jacob 
(1) and Rachel (Ferree) Ferree, born 
£7jd,'died September 5, 1807, was a farm- 
er on Peters creek in the southern part of 
Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, whither 
he had moved from Chester county, later 
becoming the owner of land on the pres- 
ent site of Coraopolis, Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania, securing more than three 
hundred acres of government land. This 
extended from what is now Montour 
street along the southern bank of the 
Ohio river to the eastern boundary of 
Coraopolis. He and his wife were mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church. He mar- 
ried (second) in the year 1783. in Chester 
county, Pennsylvania, Alice Powell, born 
January 12, 1760, died July 21, 1846, both 
being buried on the George Ferree farm 
in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania. By his first 
marriage he had the following children: 



Joel, Leah, R ebecc a, J ane, and Elizabeth. 
Children of Jacob and Alice (Powell) 
Ferree: Rachel, born May 29, 1784, died 
in girlhood; Isaac, born January 9, 1786; 
Olaf, born January 10, 1788; Mary, born 
May 6, 1790, married Samuel Marks, and 
lived in Chester, West Virginia ; Anna, 
born May 31, 1792, died in girlhood; Lida, 
born July 2, 1793, died young; Jacob, 
born July 17, 1795, held military rank of 
colonel, being stationed at Fort Meigs; 
William Powell, see below; Lavinia, born 
June 6, 1803, married Benjamin Jackson, 
and lived in Coraopolis, Pennsylvania. 

(VI) William Powell Ferree, son of 
Jacob (2) and Alice (Powell) Ferree, was 
born on Peters creek, Allegheny county, 
Pennsylvania, March 29, 1798, and died 
February 3, 1863. He inherited one hun- 
dred acres of land from his father, and to 
this tract he added two hundred and 
twenty-five acres, purchased in small lots 
as they appeared for sale. He was a sur- 
veyor by profession, and performed a 
great deal of work of that nature in all 
parts of Allegheny county. In politics a 
Whig, later an Abolitionist, and after- 
ward a Republican. On the slavery ques- 
tion he held opinions and views of the 
most decided nature, and his was an im- 
portant and busy station on the "Under- 
ground Railroad" that was so strong an 
institution in ante-bellum days. He sup- 
ported his convictions with his life, en- 
listing in the Union Army and being 
killed in battle, February 3, 1863. His 
religion was the Presbyterian. He mar- 
ried Mary Stoddard, born in Moon town- 
ship, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, 
August 1, 1798, died December 23, 1888, 
and had children: 1. Jacob. 2. Margaret 
O., born March 10, 1826, died about 1863; 
married Andrew Shaffer, proprietor of a 
fulling mill. 3. Robert M., born April 21, 
1830, died in September, 1906; married 
Rachel Curry. 4. William K., born January 



\*L 



233 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



22, 1833, enlisted in the Ninth Regiment, 
Pennsylvania Reserves, in 1861, and was 
discharged for disability, his death occur- 
ring January 1, 1865. 5. Sanford Har- 
rison, see below. 

(VII) Sanford Harrison Ferree, son of 
William Powell and Mary (Stoddard) 
Ferree, was born May 28, 1835, died Jan- 
uary 29, 1914, in Coraopolis, Allegheny 
county, Pennsylvania. He enlisted, Aug- 
ust 9, 1862, in John J. Young's Independ- 
ent Battery, Union Army ; appointed lieu- 
tenant in Pennsylvania Fifth Heavy Ar- 
tillery ; discharged June 30, 1865, at close 
of war. He married (first), December 
26, 1867, Anna R., daughter of John and 
Mary (Johnson) Mathews; she was born 
September 17, 1845, died November 15, 
1881. Mary Johnson Mathews was the 
daughter of Joseph Johnson, who was of 
Scotch-Irish descent, and lived at Nobles- 
town, Allegheny county, Pennsylvania. 
Children of Sanford H. and Anna R. 
(Mathews) Ferree: Clifford Byron, see 
below; Mary Corinne, married Charles 
A. Martin, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; 
Lulu L., deceased ; Joseph Johnson, died 
in early infancy. He married (second), 
May 1, 1884, Phoebe S. Gealy; she was 
born September 3, 1847. Sanford H. Fer- 
ree was a Presbyterian in religion, and a 
Republican in politics. 

(VIII) Clifford Byron Ferree, son of 
the late Sanford H. and Anna R. (Mat- 
hews) Ferree, was born in New Bedford, 
Lawrence county, Pennsylvania, Septem- 
ber 27, 1869. He received his education in 
the schools of New Bedford and at Mt. 
Union College. He then entered the em- 
ploy of the Second National Bank of 
Youngstown, Ohio, remaining there for 
three years. He was next employed by the 
Monongahela Furnace Company, at Mc- 
Keesport, Pennsylvania, for eight or ten 
years, after which he entered the broker- 
age business, dealing in pig iron, steel and 



coke. In 1905 he helped form, along with 
E. W. Mudge and Robert G. Campbell 
(whose biographies and portraits are on 
other pages of this work) the iron and 
steel firm of W. E. Mudge & Company, 
of Pittsburgh, of which he is still a mem- 
ber. Mr. Ferree is also vice-president, 
treasurer and director of the following 
concerns: Claire Furnace Company, Ella 
Furnace Company, Reliance Coke Com- 
pany, Westmoreland-Connellsville Coal & 
Coke Company, Fort Palmer Supply 
Company, of Ligonier, Pennsylvania, 
Denbeau Supply Company, of Denbeau, 
Pennsylvania. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican, but has never accepted office. He 
is a member of the Duquesne Club, Pitts- 
burgh Athletic Association, Pittsburgh 
Country Club, Oakmont Country Club, 
Pittsburgh Field Club, life member of 
the Americus Club, and Civic Club ; mem- 
ber of the Chamber of Commerce of Pitts- 
burgh, of the Fourth Presbyterian 
Church, the Historical Society of West- 
ern Pennsylvania, and the Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon college fraternity. 

Mr. Ferree married, May 29, 1900, Nell 
B., daughter of John M. and Sarah 
(Young) Davis, of Pittsburgh. The 
Davis coat-of-arms is as follows: 

Arms — Gules, a chevron engrailed between 
three boars' heads erased argent. 

Crest— On a chapeau gules, turned up ermine, 
a boar passant argent. 

Motto — Virtutc dure comite fortuna (With 
valour my leader, and good fortune my com- 
panion). 



FERREE, Robert B., 

Surgeon. 

Throughout the history of Pittsburgh 
her physicians and surgeons have been 
of the highest standing, and prominent 
among those who, during the quarter of 
a century just elapsed, most ably sus- 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tained the prestige of the profession was 
the late Dr. Robert B. Ferree, long a lead- 
ing member of the surgical staff of the 
Presbyterian Hospital. In addition to 
professional eminence Dr. Ferree pos- 
sessed the social distinction to which, as 
a man of noble ancestry, he was justly 
entitled. 

(VII) Jacob F. Ferree, son of William 
Powell and Mary (Stoddard) Ferree, 
(q. v.) was born in Robinson township, 
Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, and died 
in that county aged seventy-three years. 
He was first a resident of his native town- 
ship, later acquiring title to more than 
five hundred acres of land in Moon town- 
ship, bordering on the Ohio river for 
more than one-half mile, and extending 
back from the water front to three- 
quarters of a mile. For almost a quarter 
of a century he was justice of the peace 
of Coraopolis, and he was an active 
worker in the activities of the Presbyter- 
ian church, being a member of the ses- 
sion thereof. His entire life was spent in 
farming operations. At the time of the 
Civil War he was a member of the Home 
Guards. He married Nancy Phillips, 
born in Robinson township, Allegheny 

county, Pennsylvania, died , aged 

seventy-four years, and had children: i. 
John W., deceased, was a retail furniture 
dealer of Allegheny City (Pittsburgh, 
North Side) ; lived on Stockton avenue. 
2. Jennie E., born 1855, died April 6, 1902; 
married James E. McCague. 3. Harry W., 
general foreman of the car repair shops of 
the Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad at 
McKees Rocks, Pennsylvania ; resides on 
State street, Coraopolis. 4. William A., 
a foreman in the shops of the Pittsburgh 
& Lake Erie Railroad; resides on State 
street, Coraopolis. 5. Sarah, unmarried, 
resides on State street, Coraopolis. 6. 
Robert B., whose biography follows. 7. 
Lillie E., married T. Edward Cornelius ; 



resides on State street, Coraopolis, her 
husband an architect. 8. Frank, died 
young. 

(VIII) Robert B. Ferree, son of Jacob 
F. and Nancy (Phillips) Ferree, was born 
August 31, 1863, in Coraopolis. After a 
thorough literary education the youth, 
when the time came for him to choose a 
profession, selected that of medicine, a 
choice which the results most abundantly 
justified. His medical course was begun 
at the Western Reserve College, Cleve- 
land, Ohio, and completed at the Western 
University of Pennsylvania, now the Uni- 
versity of Pittsburgh. Immediately there- 
after Dr. Ferree entered upon the active 
practice of his profession. Innate abil- 
ity and thorough equipment, joined to 
enthusiasm for the work and self-sacri- 
ficing devotion in the performance of 
duty, soon gained for the young physician 
a large and constantly increasing clientele 
and gave him an assured standing in the 
medical fraternity. His eminence as a 
surgeon was attested by the position he 
held in the Presbyterian Hospital, and as 
a private practitioner he possessed the 
implicit confidence not only of his own 
patients, but also of the general public, 
inspired by his well-merited reputation 
for profound knowledge and exceptional 
skill. The demands of duty left Dr. Fer- 
ree little time for affiliating with organiza- 
tions other than those of a professional 
character, but he was never unmindful of 
the obligations of citizenship and was 
ever ready to assist with his means and 
influence any project which, in his judg- 
ment, had a tendency to promote better- 
ment of conditions in the life of the com- 
munity. He was a member of the First 
Presbyterian Church. With commanding 
talents Dr. Ferree combined a most at- 
tractive personality. By his patients he 
was not only trusted as a physician but 
loved as a friend. His professional work 



235 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



was peculiarly congenial to him by reason 
of the fact that it was essential to the wel- 
fare of humanity. It could truly be said 
of him that he was "one who loved his 
fellow-men." His appearance and manner 
marked him unmistakably as the man of 
race. He was the high-class physician 
and the true and perfect gentleman. 

Dr. Ferree married, April 5, 1892, Sadie, 
daughter of George W. and Margaret 
(Wallace) Ramsey, and they were the 
parents of one son, Robert B., Jr., who is 
now an ensign in the United States Navy. 
Mrs. Ferree is a woman of charming per- 
sonality with a mind and heart which ad- 
mirably fitted her to be a true mate for 
her gifted husband, the ruling motive of 
whose life was devotion to the ties and 
duties of the household. It was in the 
home that the beauty of his character was 
most distinctly manifested, but that phase 
of his life belongs not to the biographer 
but only to those who stood to him in the 
nearest and dearest relations. 

In the full tide of usefulness and the 
perfect fruition of his powers, Dr. Ferree 
was summoned from the scene of his ac- 
tivities, passing away October 15, 1917. 
The loss to the profession was great and 
keenly-felt and the sense of personal be- 
reavement widespread, being, in his home 
city, well-nigh universal. We mourn 
that the career of such a man should have 
been, as it seems to us, prematurely ter- 
minated, but in his thirty-three years of 
practice he had accomplished more than 
many achieve in half a century. A cer- 
tain radiance attaches to the memory of 
one who, like Dr. Ferree, is summoned 
hence when scarcely beyond the prime of 
life. Most truly could it be said of this 
noble and gifted man, "his sun has gone 
down while it is yet day." 

(The Ramsey Line). 

(I) Robert Ramsey, the first of the 
line herein recorded, was born in Mary- 



land. He traveled across the mountains 
in the early pioneer days of the State of 
Pennsylvania, and located in Washing- 
ton county, which at that time extended 
as far north as the Ohio river. He mar- 
ried Mary Michel, who bore him fifteen 
children, six sons and nine daughters, all 
age of more than sixty years. The oldest 
son. Rev. James Ramsey, D. D., was a 
professor in the Seceder Theological 
Seminary at Canonsburg and pastor of 
the Canonsburg Seceder Church for forty 
years. Robert Ramsey was one of the 
founders of the Kings Creek Seceder 
Church, also one of its elders. 

(II) Robert (2) Ramsey, son of Rob- 
ert (1) Ramsey, was born in Maryland, 
in 1780, and removed with his parents to 
Pigeon creek, Washington county, Penn- 
sylvania, in 1789, and they later settled 
in Hanover township, same county, on 
the farm later owned by Thomas Ram- 
sey, now deceased. After his marriage 
Robert Ramsey, Jr. moved to near 
Youngstown, Ohio, and subsequently re- 
turned to Pennsylvania and settled on 
the farm now owned by James and Joseph 
Ramsey. He married (first) Susannah 
Leeper, (second) a widow, Mrs. Deborah 
(Stephens) Whitehill. Children: Rob- 
ert, lived on the homestead until his death, 
unmarried ; James ; William, died on his 
farm near Hookstown; Mary, married 
Robert Cross, and died in Washington 
county, Pennsylvania ; Eliza, married 
(her husband's surname being the same as 
her own), and died in Hanover township; 
Eli; James, the owner of a farm near 
Hookstown, where he died. 



BAUERSMITH, William, 

Contractor, Builder. 

During the half century recently ended 
the contracting and building interests of 
Pittsburgh had no abler or more conspicu- 
ous representative than the late William 



236 




SOA. /f // ■//<<> a r/ S/n,Y/< 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Bauersmith, who was highly respected as 
a citizen, and was particularly active in 
the promotion of church work and the 
support of charitable undertakings. 

William Bauersmith was born Febru- 
ary 8, 1838, in Hesse Cassel, Germany, 
and was a son of George Frederick and 
Susanna Maria (Hefner) Bauersmith. 
When the boy was twelve years old the 
family emigrated to the United States and 
settled in Pittsburgh, the city which, dur- 
ing the remainder of his life, was the 
home of William Bauersmith and the 
center of all his interests. Mr. Bauer- 
smith was engaged in business as a con- 
tractor and builder. He was very suc- 
cessful, developing an extensive trade and 
acquiring an enviable reputation for abil- 
ity and integrity. He was instrumental 
in building up much of the finest part of 
the East End, Pittsburgh's leading resi- 
dential district. The last large contract 
on which he was engaged was the resi- 
dence of Herbert Du Puy. Possessing 
all the essential qualifications of a good 
citizen, Mr. Bauersmith could always be 
counted on to do his part toward promot- 
ing any plan having for its object the wel- 
fare and progress of Pittsburgh. He was 
a member of the Oakmont Presbyterian 
Church, and in an official capacity had 
been for many years connected with the 
Lawrenceville Presbyterian Church, af- 
terwards with the Forty-third Street Pres- 
byterian Church. He always took an ac- 
tive and earnest interest in the progress 
and maintenance of the church. The 
character of Mr. Bauersmith is easily read 
in the narrative of his career. There we 
see him as the energetic, honorable busi- 
ness man, the public-spirited citizen, the 
man of irreproachable private life, and 
his face gave evidence of the fine qualities 
which made him what he was. 

Mr. Bauersmith married, February 9, 
1864, in Pittsburgh, Sarah Ann, daughter 



of James and Nancy (Hood) Calhoun, 
and they were the parents of the follow- 
ing children: Kate B., married James J. 
Campbell, auditor of the Carnegie Steel 
Company ; Anna J., married W. S. Camp- 
bell, traffic manager of the Canadian Pa- 
cific ; Samuel M., cashier of Pennsylvania 
National Bank; Maria C, married 
Charles E. Satler, secretary of the United 
Engineering and Foundry Company; 
William R., connected with the Carnegie 
Steel Company. Mrs. Bauersmith died 
twenty years before the death of Mr. 
Bauersmith. 

On November 17, 1917, Mr. Bauer- 
smith's long and useful life ended. He 
was mourned as such a man deserved to 
be, for as a business man, citizen, friend, 
and neighbor his career was without 
blemish and his memory is unsullied. He 
added to the prosperity of his city by his 
aggressive and successful conduct of an 
extensive business, and was always faith- 
ful to all her best interests. This is the 
record of William Bauersmith, and it is 
one which his descendants may well de- 
sire to preserve and in which they may 
take a wholly laudable and honest pride. 



SMITH, Robert Stewart, 
Financier. 

The name and record of the late Robert 
Stewart Smith, president of the Union 
National Bank, are conspicuous in the 
history of Pittsburgh as those of a man 
who, for the space of more than half a 
century, was associated with her financial 
interests, and during half that period stood 
as one of the pillars which upheld them. 
Mr. Smith was closely identified with the 
church work and religious interests of 
the Metropolis, and was respected as one 
of her most valued citizens. 

(I) Thomas Smith, grandfather of Rob- 
ert Stewart Smith, was born in 1755, in 



237 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Ireland, graduated at the University of 
Glasgow, and in 1776 was licensed to 
preach by the First United Presbyterian 
Church of the North Side, Pittsburgh. 
After holding, for twenty-three years, 
the pastorate of a church at Ahaughel, 
County Antrim, Ireland, Mr. Smith came 
to the United States, and in 1801 was 
called to the Tuscarora church, York 
county, Pennsylvania, where he remained 
to the close of his life. His death oc- 
curred in 1832. He was the father of 
seven sons and five daughters, all of 
whom survived him. 

(II) Thomas (2) Smith, son of Thomas 
(1) Smith, was born January 16, 1796, in 
Ireland. He learned the silversmith's 
trade, and about 1820 came to Pittsburgh. 
He was first a Whig, later a Republican, 
and prior to the Civil War a fearless 
Abolitionist. He was one of the founders 
of the First Associate Reformed (now 
the First United Presbyterian) Church 
of North Side, Pittsburgh. Mr. Smith 
married, in 1826, Margaret Harris, born 
in June, 1796, daughter of Robert Stew- 
art, a sickle manufacturer, who came to 
Pittsburgh in 1814. Mr. and Mrs. Smith 
were the parents of six children. In 1880 
Mr. Smith passed away, and his widow 
survived him for the short space of three 
years. 

(III) Robert Stewart Smith, son of 
Thomas (2) and Margaret Harris (Stew- 
art) Smith, was born August 18, 1836, in 
Allegheny, and at the age of fourteen his 
school days came to an end. Very shortly 
after he entered upon the financial career 
which was destined to be life long, obtain- 
ing a position with the Allegheny Savings 
Bank, which then stood in Federal street. 
This had been preceded by a brief period 
of employment in a hat store, but the 
young man's inclination for finance was 
too strong to be resisted, and in Novem- 
ber, 1853, he became a clerk in the Alle- 



gheny Savings Bank. From this position 
he was advanced, successively, to those 
of bookkeeper and teller, remaining until 
he was offered the position as cashier of 
the Union Banking Company. On Sep- 
tember 1, 1859, the Union Banking Com- 
pany opened its doors for business, the 
building being situated at Market street 
and Fourth avenue. On December 30, 
1864, under the National Banking Organ- 
ization, the institution became the Union 
National Bank, being one of the first com- 
panies to take advantage of the act of 
Congress creating national banks. On 
July 4, 1905, the Union National Bank 
took possession of its present quarters at 
Wood street and Fourth avenue. 

The position of cashier was continu- 
ously retained by Mr. Smith until Jan- 
uary, 1888, when he succeeded John R. 
McCune in the presidency of the institu- 
tion. This was the first change in the 
official staff which had occurred since its 
organization. In January, 1910, Mr. 
Smith retired from active business. Dur- 
ing the half-century of his connection 
with the bank he held but two offices, 
those of cashier and president, and it is 
impossible to estimate fully and accu- 
rately the value of his work in de- 
veloping and maintaining the activities 
of the institution. Of the fact that it was 
appreciated he received most gratifying 
evidence when, on the fiftieth anniversary 
of his connection with the bank, he was 
given a dinner and presented with a lov- 
ing cup by the board of directors. 

Always a good citizen, Mr. Smith never 
mingled in politics, but concentrated his 
energies on the discharge of his official 
duties and in church work and philan- 
thropic enterprises. In 1853 he joined the 
First United Presbyterian Church of Alle- 
gheny, and for the long period of forty- 
eight years was one of its most active 
members. In 1901, when he became a 



238 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



resident of the East End, he transferred 
his membership to the Shadyside United 
Presbyterian Church, having for eighteen 
years held the office of elder in the Alle- 
gheny church. His political affiliations 
were with the Republicans. He was a 
member of the Duquesne Club. 

Inscribed on Mr. Smith's strong fea- 
tures and radiating in the benevolence of 
his aspect might be read the record of a 
man who had given his life to worthy 
ambitions and to work which resulted in 
material and lasting benefit to his fellow- 
citizens. His portrait will never cease 
to be of interest as that of one of the 
leading bankers of the Pittsburgh dis- 
trict. To his sterling qualities as a friend 
and neighbor very many could testify, 
and he might "take him for all in all" be 
truly regarded as an all-round man of the 
finest type. 

Mr. Smith married, April 16, 1872, 
Mary Ann, daughter of Joseph and Re- 
becca Jean (Wilson) McCaslin, of Ven- 
ango county, Pennsylvania, and they be- 
came the parents of the following child- 
ren : Roy, died at the age of eight years ; 
Helen, died in her first year ; Bertha H., 
wife of Marcus W. Stoner, of Edgeworth ; 
Jessie C, married Colonel C. F. Armi- 
stead, United States Army; Homer D. 
and Lloyd W. All these are of Pitts- 
burgh. Mrs. Smith, a woman of amiable 
disposition and intelligence above the av- 
erage, was her husband's sympathizing 
companion and the presiding genius of 
his happy home. 

To Mr. Smith was granted the privi- 
lege, after his retirement, of three years' 
repose and relaxation in the society of 
his friends, and on December 29, 1912, 
he passed away, mourned even as a man 
who had lived such a life deserved to be. 
The memory of the just is blessed. The 
narrative of the career of Robert Stew- 
art Smith forms part of the financial his- 



tory of the Metropolis. He is one of the 
group entitled to be called "Makers of 
Pittsburgh." 



PATTERSON, Frank P., 

Lawyer, Journalist. 

Frank P. Patterson, now in the eleventh 
year of his practice at the Pittsburgh bar, 
is a man who, after achieving success as 
a journalist, has found his true place and 
his true work in the profession of the law. 
Mr. Patterson has thus far loyally made 
his native city the scene of his career, and 
in all that he has accomplished has kept 
ever in view the promotion of Pitts- 
burgh's progress and welfare. 

Frank P. Patterson, son of James W. 
(2) and Margaret (Campbell) Patterson, 
was born September 17, 1876, on the 
South Side of Pittsburgh, and is a de- 
scendant of old residents. His father, in 
addition to other work in behalf of the 
city, supervised the construction of the 
Wabash-Pittsburgh Terminal Railroad, 
also holding the offices of president and 
general manager of that road. 

The early education of Frank P. Patter- 
son was received in the Morse and St. 
Clair public schools and St. John's paro- 
chial school. In 1891 the family removed 
to the East End and he attended the high 
school class in the Liberty school, enter- 
ing the Pittsburgh High School in 1892 
and graduating in 1896. Immediately 
thereafter Mr. Patterson threw himself 
into the arena of journalism, obtaining a 
position as reporter on the "Pittsburgh 
Post." During the ensuing two years his 
work was of exceptional value, show- 
ing an inherent aptitude for the profession 
he had chosen and an ability to rise into 
prominence in that field. This was proved 
by his resigning as reporter of the "Post" 
in order to become dramatic editor of 
the "Pittsburgh Times," a position which 



239 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he retained for a year and a half. At the 
end of that time the offer of the post of 
dramatic editor of the "Pittsburgh Dis- 
patch" was made to him by Eugene 
O'Neill, then principal owner of that 
paper. Mr. Patterson accepted the offer 
and retained the position under the own- 
ership of Colonel C. A. Rook. During the 
latter years of his journalistic career the 
conviction grew and strengthened in Mr. 
Patterson's mind that, successful as he 
had been in newspaper work, his true 
sphere of action was the legal profession. 
Acting on this conviction he applied him- 
self, during the years of his connection 
with the "Dispatch," to the study of the 
law, resigning his position in 1906. In 
1907 he passed the state law examination 
and was admitted to the Allegheny 
county bar. Since that time Mr. Patter- 
son has assiduously devoted himself to 
the requirements of a large and constantly 
increasing general practice. His work 
has lain principally in the field of real 
estate, and in the Orphans' Court, where 
he has been connected with some very 
important litigation, one of the chief of 
these being the defeat of the actress, 
Laura Biggar, in her attacks upon the 
estate of Henry M. Bennett and Peter J. 
McNulty. It is beyond all question that 
Mr. Patterson made no mistake in apply- 
ing for admission to the bar. His record 
as a lawyer has long since carried convic- 
tion to the minds of his legal associates 
and to the intelligence of the general 
public. 

As a good citizen Mr. Patterson is 
earnestly devoted to the advancement of 
all that, in his opinion, has a tendency to 
conduce to the best interests of his native 
city. With the literary equipment of the 
journalist he combines the personality of 
the astute, sagacious, far-sighted attor- 
ney, accustomed to dealing with men, to 
penetrating their motives and tracing 



their actions to their sources. Of the 
possession of all these qualities his coun- 
tenance is expressive and it also indicates 
a latent sense of humor and a kindliness 
and generosity of disposition which never 
allows him to be unduly harsh in his 
judgment of his fellows and which wins 
friends irrespective of creed, profession 
or nationality. Mr. Patterson is a mem- 
ber of the Allegheny County Bar Associa- 
tion, the Pittsburgh Chamber of Com- 
merce, the Pittsburgh Athletic Associa- 
tion, and the Pittsburgh Press Club. He 
is also enrolled as a member of the Sacred 
Heart Roman Catholic Church. 

Mr. Patterson married, June 7, 1900, 
Bertha, daughter of Edward G. and Sarah 
Mooney, of the East End, and they are 
the parents of the following children: 
Helen, Elizabeth, Virginia, Martha, and 
two sons, Frank P., Jr., and William R. 
Mrs. Patterson is a woman whose qual- 
ities of mind and heart render her the 
congenial companion of her husband and 
the presiding genius of a home where he 
passes his happiest and most restful 
hours. 

Doubtless it was said when Mr. Patter- 
son abandoned journalism for the law that 
the latter profession had gained at the 
expense of the former. Time has proven 
the fallacy of this idea, showing beyond 
the possibility of controversy that the 
mental endowments and traits of char- 
acter which belong to an ornament of the 
fourth estate have combined with those 
which go to the making of an acknowl- 
edged leader of the Pittsburgh bar. 



JOHNSTON, George W. C, 

Leader in Business Affairs. 

Many Pittsburghers whose memories 
cover a range of forty years and a still 
larger number whose recollections belong 
to a period much less remote will in- 




<^ ' f 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



stantly recall the name of the late George 
Washington Crawford Johnston, presi- 
dent of the Keystone Commercial Com- 
pany and secretary and treasurer of the 
Pittsburgh Terminal Warehouse and 
Transfer Company. Mr. Johnston was 
prominently identified with a variety of 
interests, and was always numbered 
among the respected and public-spirited 
citizens of the Metropolis. 

George Washington Crawford John- 
ston was born July 19, 1858, at California, 
Ohio, and was a son of Alexander and 
Harriet (Purcell) Johnston. The boy 
was educated in local public and high 
schools, and at the age of fourteen grad- 
uated from a business college. For a 
time thereafter he was variously em- 
ployed in minor capacities, but very 
shortly became connected with a Cincin- 
nati wholesale clothing house as their 
Southern representative. This respon- 
sible position Mr. Johnston retained until 
he was nineteen years old, when he en- 
tered the service of Fairman, Henderson 
& Company, dealers in grain, hay and 
feed, Mr. Henderson being his brother-in- 
law, and their place of business being 
situated on Water street, Pittsburgh. 
Thus, before attaining his majority, Mr. 
Johnston became a resident of the Iron 
City which was destined to be the scene 
of his successes and his home during the 
remainder of his life. His position with 
Fairman, Henderson & Company was that 
of a clerk, but later, when Mr. Fairman 
retired, Mr. Johnston was received into 
partnership, the style becoming the 
Henderson-Johnston Company. Subse- 
quently the partners bought out a line of 
boats and founded the Pittsburgh & Cin- 
cinnati Packet Company. Still later Mr. 
Johnston alone bought out a packet com- 
pany and, in association with John W. 
Hubbard, founded the Ohio & Mississippi 
Navigation Company. In the course of 



time the Henderson-Johnston Company 
abandoned their old site on Water street 
and purchased property on the South 
Side, where they erected buildings, at 
the same time changing the firm name 
to the Keystone Commercial Company, 
with Mr. Johnston as president and owner 
of the controlling interest. As a leader 
in the business world he was known for 
executive talents of a high order and no 
less for his strict and unwavering adher- 
ence to the highest standards of honorable 
dealing, possessing a humanity seldom 
evidenced in business men. 

Initiative was always a salient feature 
in the character of Mr. Johnston and 
found expression in his leadership of 
various enterprises. He was one of the 
founders and incorporators of the Pitts- 
burgh Terminal Warehouse and Transfer 
Company, becoming its secretary and 
treasurer and a member of the board of 
directors. The concern erected large 
warehouses and carried on a flourishing 
business, Mr. Johnston being in all its 
affairs the active worker and the leading 
spirit. He was vice-president of the 
Pittsburgh Transfer Company, and a di- 
rector of the Pittsburgh Industrial Com- 
mission and the Keystone National Bank. 
He was a member and at one time presi- 
dent of the Pittsburgh Grain Exchange, 
and he was also a member of the Chamber 
of Commerce. 

While never active in the arena of pol- 
itics, Mr. Johnston was keenly alive to 
all that affected in any way the welfare 
and progress of Pittsburgh, and in phil- 
anthropic and charitable work he was 
deeply interested, sedulously avoiding, 
however, in the bestowal of his benefac- 
tions aught that savored of publicity. He 
affiliated with Fellowship Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons, and his clubs 
were the Duquesne, Americus, Pittsburgh 
Golf and Pittsburgh Traffic, and he also 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



belonged to the Pittsburgh Athletic As- 
sociation. He was a member and trustee 
of the Sixth Presbyterian Church. 

The foregoing outline, limited and un- 
satisfactory as it must of necessity be, 
makes clear, at least, two points: first, 
that Mr. Johnston was a man of strong 
intellect and commanding ability, and 
second, that he possessed a remarkably 
attractive personality. He was a man 
who drew men to him, inspiring in them 
the steadfast loyalty in which he was 
never known to fail. In the darkest hour 
he discerned the star of hope and always 
believed the best of his fellows, making 
allowance for their weakness and retain- 
ing faith in their virtues. His face was a 
reflex of his nature, and his manner, dig- 
nified, courteous and genial, was that of 
the true and perfect gentleman. 

Mr. Johnston married, January 16, 1896, 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, Emma Townley, 
daughter of William E. and Ella (Hub- 
bell) Townley, of that city. Mr. and 
Mrs. Johnston were the parents of three 
children: Edward Townley, Genevieve, 
and Elizabeth. Mrs. Johnston, a woman 
of lovely personality, made her husband's 
home the place where he passed his hap- 
piest hours, and with Mr. Johnston, de- 
votion to wife and children was ever par- 
amount, the ruling motive of his entire 
life and the mainspring of all his actions. 

When scarcely beyond the prime of life 
this gifted and lovable man was sum- 
moned to rest from his labors, passing 
away on October 20, 1915. All classes of 
his fellow-citizens mourned for him. In 
business circles it was felt that a place 
which it would be extremely difficult to 
fill had been left vacant, in the society in 
which he moved all were conscious that 
an ever-welcome presence had been with- 
drawn, and in his own household the 
sense of loss was such as it is not for the 
biographer to describe. 



George W. C. Johnston was a success- 
ful man and a man of many friends. He 
has left a record which is worthy of pre- 
servation because it contains an example 
to be emulated. Admired for his excep- 
tional ability and respected for his un- 
bending integrity, he was loved for his 
kindness of heart and true nobility of 
nature. The memory of such a man is 
long kept green. In the hearts of those 
who knew him while he was still among 
us the thought of him is tenderly and 
abidingly cherished. 



ELLIOTT, Frederick Beatty, 
Physician, Surgeon. 

The profession of medicine is essen- 
tially altruistic. The world can show no 
body of men more thoroughly consecrated 
to the service of humanity than the phy- 
sicians and surgeons who carry help and 
healing to multitudes of their fellows. In 
the noble work of their calling the physi- 
cians of Pittsburgh have always taken a 
leading part, and among the foremost for 
a score of years was the late Dr. Fred- 
erick Beatty Elliott, whose comparatively 
early death, but a few months since, was 
mourned as a distinct loss to the profes- 
sion and the public. Dr. Elliott was ac- 
tive in municipal affairs, and prominent 
in Masonic circles and fraternal organi- 
zations. 

(I) William Elliott, great-great-grand- 
father of the late Frederick Beatty Elliott, 
M. D., was of West Nantmeal township, 
Chester county, Pennsylvania, and mar- 
ried Mary . The will of Mr. Elliott 

was probated May 19, 1769. 

(II) Samuel Elliott, son of William and 
Mary Elliott, was of Carernarvon town- 
ship, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, 
and during the Revolutionary War served 
as captain of a company of the Fifth Bat- 
talion, Lancaster County Militia, Penn- 




-" -- ■ -j. '-.:■■- :■'■.-:_.-;. ~ 



^^/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



sylvania troops. He married Susannah 
Hughes. From 1759 to 1786 Captain 
Elliott was a vestryman of Bangor Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church, at Churchtown, 
Lancaster county. 

(III) James Elliott, son of Samuel and 
Susannah (Hughes) Elliott, was born in 
1772*. He was a farmer of Raccoon creek, 
Beaver county, Pennsylvania, and later 
moved to the neighborhood of Ohioville, 
in the same county. He also lived at one 
time in Allegheny county. He married 
Elizabeth Laughlin, whose family record 
is appended to this biography, and their 
children were: Laughlin, mentioned be- 
low ; Samuel ; Ferguson, a physician of 
Ohioville, Pennsylvania ; Wilson, of Ohio- 
ville, Pennsylvania; James, of the same 
place; Barbara; and Rebecca. Both the 
daughters are of Ohioville. Mrs. Elliott 
passed away in 1832, and the death of 
Mr. Elliott occurred in 1847. 

(IV) Laughlin Elliott, son of James 
and Elizabeth (Laughlin) Elliott, was 
born in 1839, in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania. He received a public 
school education, and served an appren- 
ticeship at the trade of millwright. At 
the age of nineteen he removed to Beaver 
county with his parents who purchased a 
farm there, and it was in that county that 
he learned his trade, which he followed 
until his marriage. He then turned his 
attention to farming, and it was on his 
farm that the first producing oil well was 
drilled in Beaver county. The estate, 
which comprised three hundred acres, is 
still in possession of the family. Mr. 
Elliott was an uncompromising Demo- 
crat and always remained a loyal advocate 
of the principles of the party. In religion 
he was a Covenanter. He married Ma- 
tilda, daughter of Nicholas and Elizabeth 
Dawson, the Dawsons being one of the 
old and prominent families of the county. 
Among the ten children of Mr. and Mrs. 



Elliott was Frederick Beatty, mentioned 
below. The death of Laughlin Elliott oc- 
curred in 1903. He was a man of the 
strictest integrity, a devout church mem- 
ber and one who showed his faith by his 
works. 

(V) Dr. Frederick Beatty Elliott, son 
of Laughlin and Matilda (Dawson) El- 
liott, was born October 25, 1872, at 
Smith's Ferry, Beaver county, Pennsyl- 
vania, and spent his boyhood on the farm, 
attending the local public schools, and in 
1891 graduating from the Beaver High 
School. After studying for a time at the 
Clarion State Normal School, he chose 
medicine as his profession and began 
reading under the guidance of his brother, 
Dr. George B. McClellan Elliott. In 1892 
he entered the Western University Med- 
ical College (now the Medical Depart- 
ment of the University of Pittsburgh) 
and in 1896 graduated with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. After serving one 
year as resident physician at the West 
Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh, Dr. 
Elliott entered upon a career of practice 
and was not long in winning the recog- 
nition which his native ability, complete 
equipment and conscientious devotion 
alike merited. His clientele increased 
and he became firmly intrenched in the 
confidence of the general public. In 1907 
he established himself on Wylie avenue, 
where he continued to reside during the 
remainder of his life, and where he built 
up an extensive practice in general medi- 
cine and surgery. To the close of his 
life he was surgeon for the Pittsburgh & 
Lake Erie Railroad Company and the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company. At 
various times he was an interne in the 
West Pennsylvania Hospital, and staff 
surgeon in the Allegheny General Hos- 
pital. 

In accordance with his political tradi- 
tions Dr. Elliott was a Democrat and an 



243 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



active one, serving one term on the sev- 
enth ward school board, and taking a keen 
and helpful interest in all matters which, 
in his opinion, tended toward betterment 
of conditions. His charities were numer- 
ous, but quietly bestowed. He was one 
of the organizers and a director of the 
Land Trust Company, and a director of 
the Great Eastern Building and Loan 
Association. 

Among the professional organizations 
to which Dr. Elliott belonged were the 
Allegheny County Medical Society and 
the American Medical Association. He 
affiliated with St. John's Lodge, No. 219, 
Free and Accepted Masons; Shiloh Chap- 
ter, Royal Arch Masons; Tancred Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar; Syria Tem- 
ple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the 
Mystic Shrine ; and Allegheny Grotto, 
Veiled Prophets. He was a member of 
the Second Presbyterian Church of Pitts- 
burgh. 

Progressiveness and humanity might 
be termed the keynotes of Dr. Elliott's 
character. His enthusiasm for science 
went hand in hand with his love for his 
fellow-men, thus imparting two-fold de- 
votion to his professional ardor and bring- 
ing him not only triumphs of skill but 
the love and gratitude of those to whom 
he ministered. The expression of his 
countenance revealed this combination of 
qualities, and his manners were those of 
the true physician and the true gentleman. 

Dr. Elliott married, January 30, 1900, 
Mary, daughter of James and Mary Egan, 
of Pittsburgh, and they became the par- 
ents of four children: Mary O'Mara, 
Frederick Beatty, Jr., J. Laughlin, and 
Louisa Matilda. In his union with an 
amiable and intelligent woman whose 
tastes and sympathies were thoroughly in 
harmony with his own, Dr. Elliott found 
the crowning happiness of his life. No 
spot on earth was as dear to him. as his 



home, and never was he so content as in 
the company of the members of his house- 
hold and the circle of his chosen friends. 
Of Dr. Elliott's death, which occurred 
November 4, 1917, it is difficult to speak, 
so sudden was it, so entirely without 
warning that even now it is hard to real- 
ize that he will be no more seen among us. 
The profession mourns the loss of one of 
its brightest ornaments, Pittsburgh is de- 
prived of a valued citizen, and those near- 
est and dearest to him are bereaved of a 
devoted husband and affectionate father. 
At the time of his departure Dr. Elliott 
was in the prime of life and, being the 
man he was, all who knew him were justi- 
fied in believing that, rich in results as 
his record was, the years to come would 
witness still greater achievements on his 
part. Mourning as we must the nonful- 
filment of this promise we should, never 
theless, rejoice in the remembrance of a 
life which, ere it had reached its zenith, 
shone with such steady and beneficent 
radiance. 

(The Laughlin Line). 

James Laughlin was of Washington 
county, Pennsylvania. He married, and 
his children were: William B.; Wilson, 
born in 179 1, in Washington county, 
Pennsylvania, died in 1868, in Rush 
county, Indiana ; and Elizabeth. 

William B. Laughlin, son of James 
Laughlin, served an apprenticeship of 
seven years learning the hatter's trade, 
and meanwhile embraced every oppor- 
tunity for making up for his educational 
deficiencies. By the time he had finished 
his apprenticeship he was fitted to enter 
Jefferson College, where he took a full 
course, graduating at the end of six years. 
In 1812 he migrated to Scott county, Ken- 
tucky, and in 1816 settled in Franklin 
county, Indiana, where he entered upon 
the study of medicine. In 1820 he re- 
moved to Rush county, with the early 




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ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



settlement of which he was prominently- 
identified, naming the county and its chief 
town in honor of Dr. Benjamin Rush, of 
Philadelphia. He studied law in Penn- 
sylvania, and was elected judge soon after 
settling in Franklin county. In 1818 he 
became a member of the Indiana Legis- 
lature, which met at Corydon, then the 
capital of the State. He owned the land 
upon which the greater portion of Rush- 
ville now stands, and in 1822 he donated 
twenty-five acres of this land to the 
county for the purpose of having the 
county seat established thereon. Judge 
Laughlin died January 1, 1836. 

Elizabeth Laughlin, daughter of James 
Laughlin, became the wife of James El- 
liott, as stated above. 



GARDNER, Emmons Johnson, 

Oil Operator. 

Among well-known business men of 
Philadelphia is Emmons J. Gardner, oil 
operator. Mr. Gardner is a descendant of 
the old family of Gardner of New Eng- 
land. The name Gardner is of Latin 
origin ; in Latin it is Gardianis ; in Italian 
Gardena, in French Des Jardine. A 
knight, Des Jardins, came into England 
with William the Conqueror, and the 
name has been known there from that 
time. The surname Gardner and Gard- 
iner have the same origin, and the spell- 
ing Gardener is also found. This family 
in New England have been most promi- 
nent and influential there from the begin- 
ning of American history. The name 
Gardner and Gardiner may be derived 
from two Saxon words, "gar," signifying 
a weapon, dart, a javelin, armed, and 
"dyn," signifying a noise, alarm. "Gar- 
dyn," a martial sound, a clashing of arms. 
A characteristic of the family in New 
England is its "silent" quality ; they have 
never been known as talkers, but have 



been noted for great shrewdness, and in 
proportion to their number with that of 
other families of their section, have al- 
ways held more official or executive posi- 
tions. The arms as used are: 

Arms — Argent, a chevron between three bugle- 
horns stringed gules. 

Crest — An arm in armor, proper, hand grasp- 
ing the broken shaft of a lance. 

In 1 128 there was a Sir Osborn Gard- 
ner, Knight, then head of the family in 
England, who was Lord of the Manor of 
Orell, on the Douglas river, Wigam Par- 
ish, West Derby Hundred, County Pal- 
antine of Lancaster, England. Members 
of the family took part in the various cru- 
sades. The family in America are de- 
scended from three brothers who came 
to New England at an early period in its 
history. From New England the family 
spread to various parts of New York and 
other states. 

Emmons Johnson Gardner was born at 
Cattaraugus, New York, April 3, 1873, 
son of the late Thomas S. and Emily 
(Johnson) Gardner. Thomas S. Gard- 
ner was the son of Deacon Artemas and 
Penilla Gardner, both of whom lived and 
are buried at Ellicottville, New York. 
Penilla Gardner was the daughter of 
Thomas Shankland, a pioneer resident of 
Cooperstown, New York. Thomas 
Shankland was the son of Robert Shank- 
land, a native of Enniskillen, Ireland, of 
Scotch-Irish descent, who emigrated to 
America about 1760; he settled at Cherry 
Valley and was active in the stirring 
events of the American Revolution, gain- 
ing distinction for his valor; he is men- 
tioned in Stone's "Life of Brant." 

Emmons J. Gardner was educated in 
public and high schools, and then entered 
The Bank of Cattaraugus, New York, re- 
maining five years. He then was in 
Buffalo, New York, in the real estate 



245 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



business for four years, trading under his 
own name. His next venture was in the 
oil business, going to Chipmunk oil fields, 
and later to the oil fields of Oklahoma, in 
which State he has large holdings. He 
is president of the Penn-Wyoming Oil 
Company, president of the Navajo Oil 
Company, and is interested as a stock- 
holder in the McCoach Oil & Gas Com- 
pany, the Sheppard Oil Company, Reser- 
vation Gas Company, of Buffalo, and 
others. The head offices of his various 
companies are in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania. Mr. Gardner is widely known as 
a specialist in oil and gas properties. In 
politics he is a Republican. Among his 
clubs are the Art Club of Philadelphia, 
Philadelphia Cricket, White Marsh Val- 
ley Club, Germantown Automobile Club, 
all of Philadelphia. He is affiliated with 
the Masonic fraternity, being a member 
of Chapter, Commandery, Shrine and Lu- 
Lu Temple. He is also a member of the 
Second Presbyterian Church of Philadel- 
phia. 

On August 26, 1896, Mr. Gardner mar- 
ried Charlotte, daughter of Albert and 
Louise Ten Eyck, of Albany, New York, 
of the old family of that name, and they 
are the parents of the following children : 
Robert Ten Eyck, born November 27, 
1899; ar >d Albert Thomas, born April 26, 
1910. 



JUNKER, J. A. Herman, 

Leather Manufacturer. 

Junker is a name inseparably identified 
with the leather business of Pittsburgh, 
and among those who have been most suc- 
cessful in developing its possibilities is 
J. A. Herman Junker, a man who has 
given nearly fifty years to the study of 
the problems which it constantly presents. 
Mr. Junker is very prominent in Masonic 
circles, carrying into that sphere of action 



the same traits of enterprise and execu- 
tiveness which have stamped his work 
in the world of business. 

J. A. Herman Junker was born in Mc- 
Keesport, Pennsylvania, in 1852, a son of 
William B. and Katherine (Maurer) 
Junker. William B. Junker died Febru- 
ary 7, 1918, at the age of ninety-one years. 
J. A. Herman Junker was educated in the 
public schools of his native place, and at 
an early stage learned the tanner's trade 
under the supervision of his father. In 
1869, after three years' work in the tan- 
nery, the youth came to Pittsburgh, the 
father opening a leather store on Liberty 
street. So well did the enterprise succeed 
that in 1872 more commodious quarters 
were necessary, and the business was 
moved to Smithfield street. Twelve years 
later the firm took its new abode on 
Water street and First avenue, where it 
continues to present an over-impressive 
example of the results of well directed 
progressiveness and good business judg- 
ment. In 1887, Mr. Junker, in partner- 
ship with his brother, Bernhart L. Junker, 
succeeded to their father's business, and 
in 1897 J. A. Herman, by purchasing the 
interest of his brother, became sole owner. 
During the twenty years that have since 
elapsed Mr. Junker has conducted the 
business in a manner which gives proof 
of business abilities of no common order. 

In the Masonic fraternity Mr. Junker 
is a conspicuous figure, holding extremely 
responsible offices. He is a Shriner, has 
attained to the thirty-third degree, is a 
member of the Supreme Council, chair- 
man of the ways and means committee, 
and a past officer of the many Masonic 
bodies including the office of past grand 
commander, Knights Templar, of Penn- 
sylvania. As a Knight* Templar Mr. 
Junker planned and carried to a success- 
ful termination the remarkable pilgrimage 
to San Francisco, 1904, regarded by mem- 



246 




^ititrljir 




^&^c<* c/ yytz^c 



S/SZi - 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



bers of the order the world over as the 
most notable trip of its kind ever under- 
taken by anybody in the history of the 
United States. Nearly three hundred pil- 
grims were taken to every large city in 
the West in thirty-one days without a 
single mishap. The man who accom- 
plished this feat looks like one capable of 
it. His expression is that of mingled 
boldness, forethought and determination. 
Coolness of judgment is written on the 
features and keenness of vision looks out 
of the dark eyes. He has shown himself 
to be a born administrator. Evidence of 
this may be found in many phases of his 
business career, the most striking proof 
being, perhaps, his conduct of that won- 
derful Western pilgrimage. 

J. A. Herman Junker does not belong 
among the pioneers. Succeeding to the 
leadership of an enterprise already estab- 
lished on permanent foundations, he has 
reared on those foundations a fair and im- 
posing structure. In continuing the work 
begun and largely developed by another 
he has amplified its design and extended 
its scope. He has caused to more than 
fulfill its promise and has assured to it 
a future of increase and prosperity. 



RITCHIE, Craig, 

Representative Citizen. 

Hon. Craig Ritchie, of Washington 
county, Pennsylvania, was born in Glas- 
gow, Scotland, December 29, 1758. He 
was of the well-known family of Ritchie, 
of Scotland. The arms of the Ritchie 
family, as given by Burke, are as follows: 

Arms— Quarterly, 1st and 4th, argent on a chief 
gules, three lions' heads erased of the field; 2nd 
and 3rd, azure, a crescent or, between three cross- 
crosslets argent. 

Crest — A unicorn's head couped ermine, horned 



Motto — Virtute acquiritur honos. 



Hon. Craig Ritchie came to America in 
1772, and in 1782 settled at Canonsburg, 
Washington county, Pennsylvania. He 
was one of the purchasers of the first 
twenty-eight building lots which led to 
the establishment of Canonsburg, Penn- 
sylvania, and there he carried on a suc- 
cessful mercantile enterprise for years. 
He was also active in public affairs, was 
elected justice-of-the-peace in 1784 and 
served in the State Legislature from 1793 
until 1795. His energy of character, bus- 
iness habits and general intelligence, se- 
cured to him a widely extended reputa- 
tion. During the "Whisky Insurrection" 
he took a decided stand on the side of law 
and order, and rendered himself so un- 
popular with some of the leaders of that 
unhappy affair that he was in danger of 
their vengeance. Indeed, nothing but his 
absence, in attendance at the General As- 
sembly of the State, saved his property 
from the torch of the incendiaries, at the 
time that General Neville's house was 
burned to the ground; as some of the 
party told the family. He enjoyed the 
confidence and special friendship of Gen- 
eral Washington, who often visited him, 
and corresponded with him, and availed 
himself of Mr. Ritchie's aid, in the man- 
agement of his landed interests in Wash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania. He not 
only lodged with Mr. Ritchie, and often 
dined with him, but took many a walk 
with him along the banks of Chartiers, 
conferring with him, not only about his 
own private interests but the public con- 
cerns of the country. Craig Ritchie also 
enjoyed the friendship and confidence of 
Dr. John McMillan, who made Mr. 
Ritchie's house his home whenever he 
was in Canonsburg. 

Hon. Craig Ritchie held a commission 
as captain under General Crawford in 
the expedition against Sandusky, in 1782. 
He proved himself a stalwart friend of 



247 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Jefferson College during its most perilous 
times. He was one of its first trustees, 
and the secretary of the board for a long 
time. He was also appointed treasurer, 
at various times, and managed the finan- 
cial affairs of the college with great judg- 
ment and success, often paying large sums 
in advance from his own pocket. He was 
by far the most business-like man they 
had, and did more in devising ways and 
means to sustain the College than per- 
haps all the other trustees together, even 
including Dr. McMillan himself. He gave 
a large portion of his time and personal 
attention in superintending the progress 
of the new building and providing from 
his own resources whatever might be 
temporarily wanted by the workmen. 
And when, in 1817, every other trustee 
seemed to despair of the further existence 
of Jefferson College, Mr. Ritchie was un- 
moved and immovable and took such en- 
ergetic steps as re-animated the friends 
of the Institution and secured its continu- 
ance. He was a gentleman of the old 
school. His dignified and somewhat aris- 
tocratic manners, and his fine, personal 
appearance commanded respect wherever 
he might be found. For honesty of prin- 
ciple, goodness and charity, and for self- 
sacrificing efforts in behalf of Jefferson 
College, the church of his choice, and the 
country of his adoption, Mr. Ritchie had 
no superior in Pennsylvania. 

Hon. Craig Ritchie married, November 
6, 1788, when thirty years of age, Mary 
Price, born in Maryland, January 25, 
1769, died August 13, 1836, daughter of 
David and Ann (Husband) Price. David 
Price was a son of John and Abigail Price. 
Ann (Husband) Price, the mother of 
Mary (Price) Ritchie, was a daughter of 
William and Mary Husband. The Prices 
were natives of Maryland. Hon. Craig 
and Mary (Price) Ritchie were the par- 
ents of the following children : 



1. David, born August 29, 1789, died 
November 6, 1809. 

2. Margaret, born September 8, 1791 ; 
she married, May 6, 1813, Dr. Andrew 
Wylie, born 1789, in Pennsylvania, died 
185 1, in Bloomington, Indiana. Dr. Wy- 
lie was a graduate of Jefferson College, 
1810, and president of Jefferson College, 
1812-16; then president of Washington 
College, Pennsylvania, and later president 
of Indiana State University at Blooming- 
ton, Indiana. Dr. Wylie was a son of 
Adam (2) Wylie, born 17 — , died 1821, 
son of Adam (1) Wylie, born 1718. The 
children of Dr. Wylie and Margaret 
(Ritchie) Wylie are as follows: i. An- 
drew, born 1814, died 1905 ; a judge of 
the court in the District of Columbia for 
many years ; married Caroline Bryan, ii. 
William, born 18 — , died 1835. iii. Mary, 
married J. F. Dodd, and they were the 
parents of eight children, five of whom 
were: Kemper, Anna, Emma, Elizabeth; 
Margaret, married Theodore F. Rose. 
iv. Ritchie, born 1819, died 1840. v. Eliz- 
abeth, married John McCalla, and their 
daughter Mary married Charles Harris 
and had a son, John Harris, vi. John H., 
born 1823, died 1855; married Elizabeth 
Leeds, and their daughter Irene married 
William Trask. vii. Samuel Theophy- 
lact, a lawyer in Cincinnati, Ohio. viii. 
Margaret, married Samuel Martin, a mis- 
sionary to China, and among their seven 
children were: Emma, Mary, Claudius, 
Flora and Nevin. ix. Irene, born 18 — , 
died 1878; married Joseph Bell, of Wheel- 
ing, West Virginia ; children : Andrew, 
Margaret, Joseph, Walter, Francis; Mar- 
garet, married Edwin Cavett Ewing, and 
had sons: Joseph, Wylie B. and Nel- 
son J. Ewing. x. Redick, born 1831, 
died 1905 ; married Madeline Thompson ; 

children : Jean, , Frank, Lena. xi. 

Anderson, born 1833; married Margaret 
Conklin; children: Mary, Henry, Caro- 



248 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



line, Andrew, xii. Jane Mulheme, died 
1865. 

3. William, mentioned at length in fol- 
lowing sketch. 

4. Matthew, born January 24, 1795. 

5. John, born January 12, 1797, died in 
Texas, December 23, 1870. 

6. Ann, born December 31, 1798, died 
December 27, 1870, in Baltimore, Mary- 
land. She married Dr. Jonathan Leather- 
man, of Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, a 
skillful physician. They were the parents 
of the following children: i. Elizabeth 
Craft, born 1820, died in August, 1901 ; 
married, in August, 1845, Rev. Joseph 
Tait Smith, D. D., LL. D., born 1818, died 
in April, 1906; he was a gifted preacher 
and greatly beloved ; he was a moderator 
of the general assembly of the Presbyter- 
ian church in 1888; pastor of Central 
Presbyterian Church in Baltimore, and 
one of the trustees of Princeton Theolog- 
ical Seminary; children: a. Dr. Joseph 
Tait Smith, born September 23, 1850, 
married, October, 1876, Rachel Fleming 
Perkins, and their three children are as 
follows: Jennie Ritchie Smith, born 1879; 
Joseph Tait Smith, 3rd, born May, 1881, 
married February 20, 1913, Mary Hutch- 
ins, and had one child, Elizabeth Craig, 
born February 22, 1915 ; Henry, born De- 
cember, 1888. b. Rev. Jonathan Ritchie 
Smith, D. D., born June 23, 1852; a tal- 
ented preacher, was pastor for many years 
of the Presbyterian church in Peekskill, 
New York; later for a number of years 
pastor of the Market Street Presbyterian 
Church in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania; 
then he accepted an urgent call to a pro- 
fessorship in the Princeton (New Jersey) 
Theological Seminary; he married, June 

12, 1883, Louise Hasbrouck, born 

29, 1856; children: Ritchie Hasbrouck 
Smith, born May 10, 1886, married, in 
October, 1917, Edith Walton; Louise 
Letterman Smith, born November 6, 



1887; Dudley Cook Smith, born October 
11, 1892; Craig Ritchie Smith, born May 
11, 1895. 

7. Mary, born October 12, 1800, died 
September 25, 1828. She married Dr. 
George Herriott ; two children : Craig 
Ritchie, died aged seventeen years, and 
Mary Ritchie, became the wife of Dr. 
William B. Gordon, and died in Novem- 
ber, 1846. 

8. Eliza, born June 25, 1802, died April 
22, 1871. She married Redick McKee; 
four children : Andrew ; John ; Sarah, be- 
came the wife of William Dupern ; David, 
married Frances Dunn, and they had 
three children : Lanier, Dunn and Redick. 

9. Catherine, born July 28, 1804, died 
1858, at Bloomington, Indiana. She mar- 
ried the Rev. Lemuel F. Leake; two 
daughters. 

10. Jean, born March 11, 1806, died 
July 21, 1878. 

11. Craig, Jr., mentioned below. 

12. Abigail, born June 28, 1810, died in 
San Francisco, California, aged over 
eighty years. 

13. David, born August 19, 181 2, died 
January 24, 1867; was a noted attorney 
of Pittsburgh. 

Mrs. Craig Ritchie was a woman who 
pre-eminently adorned her station, and 
greatly contributed to her husband's hap- 
piness and success in life. The death of 
Hon. Craig Ritchie occurred June 13, 
1833, in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. 

Captain Craig (2) Ritchie, son of Hon. 
Craig (1) and Mary (Price) Ritchie, 
was born November 24, 1807, in Canons- 
burg, Washington county, Pennsylvania, 
and died there January 31, 1879. He was 
educated in private schools and attended 
for a time Jefferson College. After enter- 
ing upon the business of life he was for 
some years in business in Wheeling, West 
Virginia, and while there manufactured 
some of the first cut glass west of the 



249 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Allegfienies. Captain Craig Ritchie re- 
turned to Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, 
after some years spent in Wheeling, West 
Virginia, and opened a mercantile estab- 
lishment, which he continued until death. 
He was a man of much public spirit; was 
one of the founders of what has become 
the Morganza School of Reform. In pol- 
itics he was a Whig and later a Repub- 
lican. He was one of the organizers of 
the Oak Spring Cemetery at Canonsburg. 
His title of "Captain" was received on ac- 
count of his heading a company of men 
which he drilled for home defense, these 
drills at that time being known as "must- 
ers." In religion he was a Presbyterian, 
and was elder of the Presbyterian church 
of Canonsburg and member of its board 
of trustees. He also served as a director 
of its public schools. 

Captain Craig Ritchie married, in 
Wheeling, West Virginia, December 21, 
1836, Mary Ann Chickering, born May 31, 
1813, died November 26, 1885, daughter 
of Lieutenant Thomas Balch and Susanna 
(Swift) Chickering (see Chickering line). 
Susanna (Swift) Chickering claimed 
descent from six of the "Mayflower" pas- 
sengers, notably: Stephen Hopkins, 
Francis Cook, Edward Doty, Richard 
Warren, John Howland and John Tiiley. 
Captain Craig and Mary Ann (Chicker- 
ing) Ritchie were the parents of the fol- 
lowing children: 1. Caroline Swift, born 
December 23, 1837, died November 17, 
1900; married, December 25, 1879, Rev. 
John Smith Hays, D. D. ; no children. 2. 
Lieutenant Craig Francis, born March 17, 
1839, died November 14, 1863; he took 
part in eight important battles of the 
Civil War; was promoted for bravery at 
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, July, 1863; 
was serving at the siege of Morris Island, 
South Carolina, where he died. 3. Vir- 
ginia, born April 17, 1841, died April 15, 
1863; married, June 11, 1862, the Rev. 
Robert Thompson Miller; one child, Mary 



Virginia Miller, born March 22, 1863, mar- 
ried, November 25, 1886, Rev. Charles 
Peter Lynch, and they had two children : 
Lucy, died in infancy, and Laura Vir- 
ginia, born October 9, 1888, married 
Charles Rogers Albright, February 7, 
1918. 4. Susan Chickering, born August 
28, 1843, died April 21, 1847. 5. Mary 
Price, born April 9, 1845; married, July 
25, 1878, Leaman McCarroll Crothers; 
child, Mary Charlotte, born June 27, 1879, 
married, November 6, 1901, George Law- 
rence Claypool. 6. Ellen Neil, born De- 
cember 13, 1847; married, December 21, 
1879, Professor William David Butler 
children : Craig Ritchie and Archibald 
Reynolds, twins, born December 21,1? 
Archibald R. Butler married, June 8, 
1910, Genevieve Starin, and their child- 
ren are: David, born November 23, 191 1 
and Ellen Rose Anna, born June 4, 1917 
7. William Henry Swift, born June 9, 
1850; married (first), November 26, 1872 
Sarah Miller; four children: Theodore 
Morse, Craig Ritchie, Madeline, William 
married (second) Leo White; six child- 
ren : Beulah Ellen, Virginia Grace, Gord- 
on Craig, Robert Frank, William Cole- 
man, Alfonso. 8. Henrietta Grace, born 
August 18, 1853. 9. Susan Morse, born 
October 11, 1856; married, March 23, 
1881, Campbell Palmer Waugh; children: 
i. Henrietta, born September 17, 1882, 
married Robert Biggs, ii. Craig Ritchie, 
born February 4, 1S84, married, June 16, 
1910, Janet Rutherford Thompson; child- 
ren: Craig Ritchie and Janet Beatrice, 
twins, born November 10, 1912, and 
Campbell Alexander, born January 3, 
1914, died October 7, 1916. iii. James 
Chickering, born April 17, 1888, married 
April 18, 1914, Margarite Baker; child, 
James Henry, born April 8, 1915. iv. 
Samuel Price, born April 17, 1888, mar- 
ried, March 7, 1916, Flora Virginia Sy- 
kora; child, Susanna Virginia, born Feb- 
ruary 26, 1917. 



250 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(The Chickering Line). 

(i) Nathaniel dickering, son of Sim- 
eon and Prudence Chickering, was born 
in England, in 1647, an d died in Dedham, 
Massachusetts, October 21, 1694, He 
came to this country from Wrentham, 
England, probably, as several letters still 
in existence, written to him by his mother 
as late as 1681, are dated at that place. 

Some years ago a member of the Chick- 
ering family caused the records in Eng- 
land to be searched, and it is said found 
that Simeon Chickering was a son of 
Stephen Chickering, who lived at Wickle- 
wood, England, and died in 1576. The 
same authority makes Nathaniel a neph- 
ew of Henry and Francis Chickering, 
both among the early settlers of Dedham, 
and all descended from Thomas Chicker- 
ing, who resided in Wymondham, county 
of Norfolk, England, in the reign of 
Henry VIII. 

Nathaniel Chickering first settled in 
that part of Dedham called Dedham 
Island, on what was later known as the 
Fuller Place, and married (first) Mary 
Judson, December 30, 1668. Mrs. Chick- 
ering died soon, leaving no children. On 
"3 of ye 10 mo. 1674" (December 3) he 
married (second) Lydia Fisher, born July 
14, 1652, died July 17, 1737, daughter of 
Captain Daniel and Abigail (Marriot) 
Fisher, of Dedham, one of the magistrates 
of the Colony under the old charter. 

(II) Nathaniel (2) Chickering, son of 
Nathaniel (1) and Lydia (Fisher) Chick- 
ering, was born March 28, 1677, died Jan- 
uary 16, 1746-47. He married (first) 
August 14, 1700, Mary Thorp, died Sep- 
tember 1, 1715, daughter of James and 
Hannah Thorp, of Dedham. He married 
(second) Deborah Wight, January 26, 
1716; she died January 16, 1749, and was 
a daughter of Joseph and Deborah Wight. 

(III) Joseph Chickering, son of Na- 
thaniel (2) and Deborah (Wight) Chick- 



ering, was born May 5, 1717, died Novem- 
ber 28, 1754. He married, February 7, 
1743, Rebecca Newell. Joseph Chicker- 
ing belonged to the Dover company of 
minute men, and took part in the battle 
of Lexington. He had a farm from the 
original estate, which in later years was 
known as the Haven Farm. His house is 
still standing. 

(IV) Rev. Jabez Chickering, son of 
Joseph and Rebecca (Newell) Chicker- 
ing, was born November 4, 1753, and died 
March 12, 1812. He married, April 22, 
1777, Hannah Balch, born December 10, 
1755, died April 17, 1839, daughter ol Rev. 
Thomas Balch, of South Parish, Dedham 
(now Norwood). Jabez Chickering, born 
at Dover, Massachusetts, graduated from 
Harvard University in 1774, and was or- 
dained at South Dedham, July 3, 1776, of 
which church he continued to be pastor 
until his death. He succeeded his father- 
in-law, Rev. Thomas Balch. 

(V) Thomas Balch Chickering, son of 
Rev. Jabez and Hannah (Balch) Chick- 
ering, was born April 24, 1788, died 1817. 
He married, May 31, 1812, Susanna Swift, 
born June 26, 1791, died June 20, 1876, 
daughter of David and Cynthia (Morse) 
Swift. 

(The Swift Line). 

(I) William Swift, probably from 
Bocking, County Suffolk, England, or its 
neighborhood, was of Watertown, Mas- 
sachusetts, in 1635, and possibly earlier. 
Later removed to Sandwich, Plymouth 
Colony, where he died in January, 1642. 
His wife's name was Joan. 

(II) William (2) Swift, son of Wil- 
liam (1) and Joan Swift, was born in 
England, and accompanied his father to 
Watertown and Sandwich. He per- 
formed military duty in August, 1643, 
was enrolled as lieutenant in John Black- 
mer's company of Sandwich militia. At 



251 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Sandwich he held many local offices. His 
wife's name was Ruth. 

(III) Jireh Swift, son of William (2) 
and Ruth Swift, was born at Sandwich, 
in 1665, and died at Wareham, in Ply- 
mouth county, Masachusetts, in April, 
1749, aged eighty-four years. He resided 
at Sandwich at least until March, 1730. 
He married ' there, November 26, 1697, 
Abigail, daughter of Benjamin Gibbs, of 
Sandwich. 

(IV) Deacon Jireh (2) Swift, fifth son 
of Jireh (1) and Abigail (Gibbs) Swift, 
was born at Sandwich, November 23, 
1709. His wife's name was Deborah 
Hathaway, born in 171 1, died January 7, 
1794, daughter of Jonathan Hathaway by 
his wife, Susanna (Pope) Hathaway. 
Jonathan Hathaway was the son of Ar- 
thur and Sarah (Cooke) Hathaway. 
Sarah Cooke Hathaway was a daughter 
of John Cooke, Esq., and his wife, Sarah 
(Warren) Cooke. John Cooke was a son 
of Francis Cooke, who came over on the 
"Mayflower." John Cooke's wife, Sarah 
Warren Cooke, was a daughter of Rich- 
ard Warren and his wife Elizabeth. Rich- 
ard Warren was a Pilgrim. The mar- 
riage of Deacon Jireh Swift and Deborah 
Hathaway took place at Dartmouth, Oc- 
tober 9, 1730, and it was there that the 
remainder of his life was passed. 

(V) Jonathan Swift, son of Deacon 
Jireh (2) and Deborah (Hathaway) 
Swift, was born at Dartmouth, in 1733, 
and died there January 31, 1763, aged 
thirty years. He married, at Falmouth, 
October 16, 1753, Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Bourne, of Falmouth, by his wife, 
Mercy (Hinckley) Bourne. Mercy 
(Hinckley) Bourne was a daughter of 
Joseph and Mary (Gorham) Hinckley. 
Joseph Hinckley was a sor of Samuel and 
Mary (Fitz Randolph) Hiuckley. Joseph 
Hinckley married Mary Gorham, daugh- 
ter of Lieutenant-Colonel John and Mary 



(Otis) Gorham. Lieutenant-Colonel John 
Gorham was a son of Captain John Gor- 
ham and Desire (Howland) Gorham. 
Desire (Howland) Gorham was a daugh- 
ter of John and Elizabeth (Tilley) How- 
land. Elizabeth Tilley Howland was a 
daughter of John Tilley, a "Mayflower" 
passenger, as was John Howland. 

(VI) David Swift, son of Jonathan and 
Elizabeth (Bourne) Swift, was born at 
Dartmouth, January 31, 1756. He served 
as a member of Captain David Nye's com- 
pany, Fourth Plymouth County Regi- 
ment, in the Revolution. The closing 
years of his life were spent at Lunenburg, 
Worcester county, Massachusetts, and he 
died there June 17, 1830, aged seventy- 
four years. He married, at Falmouth, 
Bere Cynthia, daughter of Captain Theo- 
dore Morse, of Falmouth; she was born 
there February 9, 1764, and died at Lun- 
enburg, March 21, 1850. David Swift and 
his wife, Bere Cynthia (Morse) Swift 
were the parents of five children, the sec- 
ond of which was Susanna Swift, born 
June 26, 1791, died June 20, 1876; mar- 
ried, May 31, 1812, Lieutenant Thomas 
Balch Chickering, born April 24, 1788, 
died June, 1877. The daughter of Lieu- 
tenant Thomas Balch and Susanna 
(Swift) Chickering married Captain 
Craig Ritchie, as stated above. 



RITCHIE, Craig D., 

Business Man. 

There are men whose memories are al- 
ways green in the minds of those who 
knew them ; whose personalities are so 
vivid that the recollection of them is fade- 
less ; men of whom we cannot say, "They 
are dead," because their life still throbs 
in the hearts that loved them. To this 
class of men belonged the late Craig D. 
Ritchie, for many years prominent in 



252 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



business and financial circles of Philadel- 
phia. 

William Ritchie, father of Craig D. 
Ritchie, was born in Canonsburg, Wash- 
ington county, Pennsylvania, December 
i8, 1792, son of Hon. Craig and Mary 
(Price) Ritchie. He received his educa- 
tion in private schools, and later removed 
to Philadelphia, where he was engaged in 
the hardware business with a Mr. Wister. 
They were unsuccessful in the venture, 
and later William Ritchie became asso- 
ciated with Mr. Trotter in the hardware 
business, continuing in this business for 
years. He was drowned while swimming 
in the Ohio river, June 12, 1840. He mar- 
ried Susan Summed Dorsey, daughter of 
Edward and Mary (Summerl) Dorsey, 
of Eastern Shore, Maryland, and they 
were the parents of a son, Craig D., men- 
tioned below. 

Craig D. Ritchie, son of William and 
Susan Summerl (Dorsey) Ritchie, was 
born April 26, 1830, on Ninth street, Phil- 
adelphia. He was named for his grand- 
father, the Hon. Craig Ritchie. He at- 
tended a private school which was con- 
ducted at Eighth and Arch streets, after 
acquiring a good education entering busi- 
ness life as a student of Jacob Hoeckley, 
conveyancer, with whom he gained a 
thorough, comprehensive and accurate 
knowledge of the business. When but 
twenty-one years of age he opened an 
office on Arch street, below Ninth, 
and there continued in the conveyancing 
business for a number of years, having 
offices with Edward Hopper, an attor- 
ney, for a time. Later he removed to 
No. 510 Walnut street, and remained 
there until elected president of the Real 
Estate Title & Insurance Company, 
where the business ability of Craig D. 
Ritchie soon won for him a command- 
ing place in his city. He was one of the 
organizers of the first real estate title in- 



surance company in the world (The Real 
Estate Title Insurance Company), of 
which Joshua L. Morris was chosen pres- 
ident and Mr. Ritchie vice-president. Mr. 
Morris had made his acceptance of the 
presidency of this institution with the 
proviso that Mr. Ritchie be made vice- 
president and be his successor, and on 
account of his (Mr. Morris') ill health, 
Mr. Ritchie was acting president for a 
time ere he succeeded to the presidency, 
on the death of Mr. Morris. It was his 
wise ideas and suggestions that built up 
this most successful institution. After a 
few years Mr. Ritchie resigned the presi- 
dency of this company, due to the press of 
his large private interests. As a convey- 
ancer he won an international reputation 
and was quoted as an authority. 

As a citizen with exalted ideas of good 
government and civic virtues, Craig D. 
Ritchie stood in the front rank, and 
wherever substantial aid would further 
public progress, it was freely given. He 
was a Republican in politics. Progress 
and patriotism actuated him throughout 
his life, and at the time of the Civil War 
he helped organize a colored regiment to 
take part in the Federal service. He was 
one of the first members of the Union 
League of Philadelphia. For a long time 
he was an active and helpful member of 
St. Andrew's Society, of which he was 
secretary from 1864 to 1884; vice-presi- 
dent, 1886-87, and president, 1888-89. He 
belonged to the Presbyterian church, be- 
ing originally connected with the society 
at Tenth and Arch streets, Philadelphia, 
which later united with the church at 
Eighteenth and Arch streets. He acted 
as secretary of the board of trustees for 
years, or until the death of John Wie- 
gand, his wife's father, when he suc- 
ceeded him as president of the board. He 
was also a member of the Historical So- 
ciety of Pennsylvania, the Penn Club and 



253 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Sons of the Revolution, and a subscribing 
member of the Dispensary and the In- 
dustrial School; also a member of the 
Art Club and Franklin Institute, a direc- 
tor of the Mercantile Library and Fair- 
mount Park Association, and president 
of the first Fremont Club, which started 
the Republican party. Mr. Ritchie was 
a noted collector of engravings and rare 
volumes, and possessed notable collec- 
tions of both. For a time he was a mem- 
ber of the Photographic Society of Phil- 
adelphia, and was its second secretary. 
Ever ready to respond to any deserving 
call made upon him, the full number of 
his benefactions will, in all probability, 
never be known, for his charity was of the 
kind that shuns publicity. He was deeply 
interested and gave liberally of both his 
means and time to the advancement of 
The Berean Presbyterian Church for the 
colored people, situated on South College 
avenue. 

On December i, 1864, Mr. Ritchie mar- 
ried Charlotte, daughter of the late John 
and Hannah (Bazin) Wiegand. A biog- 
raphy and portrait, of Mr. Wiegand, to- 
gether with the Wiegand lineage, follows 
in this work. By his marriage Mr. Ritchie 
gained the life companionship of a charm- 
ing and congenial woman, and one well 
fitted in all ways to be a confidante and 
adviser. Mr. Ritchie was always a man 
of strong domestic tastes and affections, 
never so content as at his own fireside. 
Mrs. Ritchie, in her widowhood, continues 
the religious and philanthropic work in 
which she and her husband for so many 
years went hand in hand. She has served 
as treasurer of the Women's Pennsylva- 
nia Society for Prevention of Cruelty to 
Animals for fifty years, excepting a few 
years when too ill ; and is also a life mem- 
ber of the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

The death of Craig D. Ritchie, which 



occurred December 10, 1910, deprived 
Philadelphia of one of her most valued 
citizens. Using his talents and his op- 
portunities to the utmost in every work 
which he undertook, he fulfilled to the 
letter every trust committed to him, and 
was generous in his feelings and conduct 
toward all. He made for himself a record 
of noteworthy achievement and public- 
spirited service, and his name is inscribed 
with honor in the annals of his city and 
his State. 

(Lineage of Mrs. William Ritchie). 

Sarah Vanneman married (first) 

Vansant; she married (second) 

Stidham, by whom she had issue, as fol- 
lows: Sarah Stidham, born 1756-57, died 
1823; Mary Stidham, born 1756-57; Peter 
Stidham ; Lucas Stidham ; Isaac Stidham. 

Sarah Stidham, born 1756-57, daughter 
of and Sarah (Vanneman- Van- 
sant) Stidham, married Joseph Summed, 
born 1753, died July 28, 1813, by whom 
she had issue : Mary, born December 23, 
1781, died April 19, 1868, married Edward 
Dorsey, by whom she had issue: Mary, 
born May 28, 1801, died December 26, 
1889, unmarried; and Susan S., married 
William Ritchie, as stated above ; she was 
born 1803, and died May 5, 1830. 



WIEGAND, John, 

Business Man. 

Among the foremost of the old Phila- 
delphia business men was the late John 
Wiegand, manufacturer, and for many 
years president of the Western Savings 
Fund Society, of which he was one of the 
founders. 

The Wiegand family, one of the most 
ancient of the families of Europe, was 
planted in what is now Germany by one 
of that name who came in the train of 
Caesar when that conqueror and his leg- 



254 




•...• <M*bnc*i/\i Co 





y>/,^// C r/f/,/,// ///ryr,,,r/ 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



ions overran that country. They have 
been found in various of the lines and 
professions, and have always held honor- 
able place. The arms of the Wiegand 
family are described as follows, and 
would tend to the belief that both church 
and state benefited by the abilities of 
members of the family : 

Arms — Gules, issuant from the dexter out of a 
cloud azure, an arm habited sable, in the hand 
proper, a sword in pale argent, hilt or, piercing 
a book sable, the cut vert. 

Crest — Between two horns, dexter or and sinis- 
ter gules, the sword and the book. (Horns are 
said to denote in German arms that they were 
granted to a member of the family who took part 
in the Crusades). 

John Wiegand was born in Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, in October, 1800. He 
was a son of Conrad and Elizabeth (Kil- 
latte)> Wiegand. Conrad Wiegand came 
as a youth to Philadelphia from Germany. 
John Wiegand received his education in 
the private schools of Philadelphia, and 
early entered business life. When barely 
past twenty-one years he, in association 
with a Mr. Snowden, founded the firm of 
Wiegand & Snowden, manufacturers of 
surgical instruments, building up a large 
business. Mr. Wiegand was active in this 
concern for many years, retiring to accept 
the position of cashier of the City Gas 
Works, which he held for some years, 
then being elected president of the West- 
ern Savings Fund Society, of which he 
was one of the founders. 

While closely attending to his business 
affairs, John Wiegand ever manifested a 
keen and active interest in everything 
pertaining to the city's welfare, and his 
name was associated with many projects. 
Anything that would advance the city's 
interest found in him a warm supporter. 
In politics he was a Whig and later a 
Republican. At one time he was a mem- 
ber of the city council. He was one of 



the founders of what became the Fifth 
Presbyterian Church, which later merged 
with the West Arch Street Church, and 
he was president of the board of trustees 
of this for many years. He was an active 
member of Franklin Institute, and fre- 
quently lectured before it on various sub- 
jects, and also took an active interest in 
Girard College, making Sunday addresses 
to the pupils. 

John Wiegand married (first) Hannah 
Bazin, and they were the parents of the 
following children: Mary, deceased, un- 
married ; Thomas, deceased ; John, de- 
ceased ; Conrad, assayer of the California 
mint, now deceased ; S. Lloyd, deceased, 
noted mechanical expert of national rep- 
utation ; Charlotte, widow of Craig D. 
Ritchie, Philadelphia; and George Duf- 
field, deceased. Mr. Wiegand married 
(second) Sarah Eckfeldt, whose portrait 
appears herein, daughter of Adam and 
Margaretta (Bausch) Eckfeldt, and they 
were the parents of a son, Adam, whose 
death occurred January 5, 1915. 

The death of John Wiegand, which oc- 
curred January 27, 1878, was deeply and 
sincerely mourned. He was a man of 
strong mental endowments, business ca- 
pacity of a high order, generous impulses 
and a chivalrous sense of honor. He was 
a lover of literature and a man of thor- 
ough and varied information. As a busi- 
ness man he was, in many respects, a 
model, and over his career, both as a 
business man and banker, there falls no 
suspicion of wrong. The Philadelphia of 
today holds in grateful memory the name 
of John Wiegand, one of her pioneer 
business men and financiers. 

(The Eckfeldt Line). 

(I) John Jacob Eckfeldt was born in 
Germany, and emigrated with his wife 
about the year 1765 from Nuremberg. 
He settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 



255 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



and during the War of the Revolution 
served as a soldier in the field, and also 
manufactured bayonets for the army. He 
married (first) in Germany, Maria Mag- 
dalena Schneider, and their son was 
Adam, see below; married (second) Eliz- 
abeth Kunkel; married (third) Elizabeth 
Demant. 

(II) Adam Eckfeldt, son of John Jacob 
and Maria Magdalena (Schneider) Eck- 
feldt, was born in Philadelphia, in 1769. 
He learned the trade of machinist and 
established a factory for the manufacture 
of wrought iron nails. Later he received 
large contracts from the Government for 
construction of machinery for the United 
States mint, Philadelphia, with which he 
was closely identified from its establish- 
ment in 1793, first as assistant coiner and 
afterwards as chief coiner in 1814, which 
position he filled until his resignation in 
1839. He married (first) Maria Hahn, 
and they were the parents of two chil- 
dren : Elizabeth, who became the wife 
of Henry Witmer, and Maria, who mar- 
ried Henry Driesbach. Mr. Eckfeldt mar- 
ried (second) Margaretta Bausch, of 
Philadelphia, and their children were: 
Sarah, see below; Jacob R., Elias B., 
Magdalena, Susanna, who became the 
wife of William Ewing DuBois, of Phila- 
delphia; Adam C, Margaretta. Adam 
Eckfeldt was a prominent member of St. 
John's Lutheran Church. He died Feb- 
ruary 2, 1852. 

(III) Sarah Eckfeldt, daughter of 
Adam and Margaretta (Bausch) Eck- 
feldt, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1800. She received her educa- 
tion in that city, and later in June, 1839, 
became the second wife of John Wie- 
gand, as noted above. A woman of fine 
fibre and splendid judgment, she made an 
excellent mother to her step-children, and 
to her husband she was ever a confidante 
and adviser of much value. In the affairs 



of the Arch Street Presbyterian Church 
she was very active, and was also active 
in the affairs of the Northern Home for 
Friendless Children, of which her hus- 
band was a trustee ; a director of the 
Dorcas Society, and an efficient worker 
in missionary societies. Her death oc- 
curred November, 1884, in Philadelphia. 
Her portrait has been placed in this work 
by her daughter, Charlotte (Wiegand) 
Ritchie, in recognition of the loving qual- 
ities and tender care she showed to her 
children. 



WIEGAND, Samuel Lloyd, 

Mechanical Engineer. 

The name of the late Samuel Lloyd 
Wiegand, as that of a mechanical engi- 
neer of national reputation, requires no 
introduction in a work of this character. 
Mr. Wiegand was a life-long resident of 
his native city of Philadelphia and his 
devotion to her interests, more especially 
those of a scientific nature, was ever dis- 
tinctly influential and steadfastly loyal. 

Samuel Lloyd Wiegand was born July 
26, 1833, in Philadelphia, and was a son 
of John and Hannah (Bazin) Wiegand. 
Mr. Wiegand, now deceased, is repre- 
sented in this work by his biography and 
portrait. The early education of Samuel 
Lloyd Wiegand was received in the public 
schools of his native city and he after- 
wards entered the Central High School 
of Philadelphia, graduating in the six- 
teenth class. 

The active life of Mr. Wiegand began 
in the workshop of his father, then head 
of the firm of Wiegand & Snowden, man- 
ufacturers and importers of surgical in- 
struments, other fine steel tools and 
scientific appliances. It soon became ap- 
parent that this son inherited all the in- 
ventive talent of his father and that he 
possessed also a large endowment of orig- 



256 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



inal genius. His progress in the business 
was rapid and the initiative, always one 
of his salient characteristics, led him. at 
an early age, to open a small machine 
shop of his own. Later, on leaving the 
service of Wiegand & Snowden, he turned 
his attention to the making of iron cast- 
ings, but soon relinquished the foundry 
part of the business, concentrating his 
energies on the conduct of the machine 
shop. This he removed to Library street 
and there devoted himself to developing 
machinery for inventors, for which as 
well as for his own inventions he secured 
patents. So notable was the success of 
one of these — a press for paper lace mak- 
ing — that it obliged him to seek more 
commodious quarters in Sansom street. 
Later another removal was necessitated 
by the welcome accorded his invention of 
a safety sectional boiler and this time he 
established himself in Bread street in a 
building erected by the late Thomas Pot- 
ter for an oil cloth manufactory. 

In the course of time Mr. Wiegand re- 
tired from the machine business and built 
up a large practice and a high reputation 
as a skillful patent attorney and expert 
mechanical engineer, having offices and a 
confidential workshop in South Sixth 
street, subsequently removing to Walnut 
street and thence to the Real Estate Trust 
Building. 

The services of Mr. Wiegand, in a pro- 
fessional capacity, were frequently re- 
quired by the United States government 
in cases of exceptional difficulty and the 
complete and brilliant efficiency with 
which he rendered these services 
strengthened and increased the celebrity 
which was everywhere associated with 
his name. From 1855 to the close of his 
life he was a member of the Franklin In- 
stitute and in 1864, also from 1890 to 
1893, served on its board of managers. 
From 1887 to 1893 he was active as a 

Pa-10— 17 2C 



member of the Committee on Science and 
the Arts. He was a member of the First 
Presbyterian Church. 

The personality of Mr. Wiegand was 
complex, combining the attributes of the 
inventor, the scientist and the man of 
general culture and refined tastes. In the 
course of his long, strenuous and useful 
life he won and kept many warm friends 
and earned the respect and admiration 
not only of his own community, but of the 
multitudes to whom he was known only 
as a man of national eminence. His coun- 
tenance, so expressive of his genius and 
personal qualities, cannot be reproduced 
in words, but will be perpetuated by the 
pencil of the artist. 

Mr. Wiegand married, June 26, 1867, 
in Philadelphia, the Reverend Alfred 
Barnes, a minister of the Presbyterian 
church officiating, Charlotte McClelland, 
born October, 1844, in Pittsburgh, daugh- 
ter of William Beatty and Sarah Elwell 
(Pew) Thompson. Mr. Thompson was 
born in 1810, at McLaughlinstown, Penn- 
sylvania, where he served an apprentice- 
ship to the tailor's trade. Leaving that 
for a more public life he became a prom- 
inent hotel proprietor in Pittsburgh. 
Mrs. Thompson, born in (Philadelphia, 
in 1820, went with her parents to Pitts- 
burgh in 1836. Mr. and Mrs. Wiegand 
were the parents of the following child- 
ren: 1. Hannah L., educated in public 
schools of Philadelphia; married, Febru- 
ary 27, 1889, Joseph N. Fitzgerald, a na- 
tive of Baltimore, Maryland; their child- 
ren were: Lloyd Wiegand, born Febru- 
ary 24, 1890, in Philadelphia; William 
Thompson, born July 6, 1893, died March 

18, 1899; Joseph Newman, born January 

19, 1900, in Ridley Park, Pennsylvania; 
and Mary Newman, born at the same 
place, March 14, 1903. 2. William Thomp- 
son, born January 11, 1872; educated in 
public schools of Philadelphia; married, 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



December i, 1897, Elizabeth C. Off; their 
children were : William Thompson, born 
November 15, 1898, and Edward Horter, 
born October 11, 1900; died June 26, 1901. 
3. Sarah Helen, born June 21, 1881 ; edu- 
cated in public schools of Philadelphia. 
So devoted was his love for his home and 
family that Mr. Wiegand enrolled himself 
as a member of no clubs and the death, 
on February 14, 1886, of the wife and 
mother who lived for her husband and 
children cast the first shadow over an ex- 
ceptionally happy union. 

On March 8, 1903, at his home in Ger- 
mantown, this man of strenuous accom- 
plishment was gathered to his fathers. 
Many tributes were offered to his char- 
acter and work, but his highest eulogy is 
the unadorned narrative of his fruitful, 
honorable life. 

The genius of Samuel Lloyd Wiegand 
has enhanced the scientific prestige of his 
native city, but he belongs not to her 
alone nor even to his State. He rendered 
services of national value and their his- 
tory is incorporated in the annals of the 
government of the United States. 



BROWNE, John Coats, 

Representative Citizen. 

Some men there are who take posses- 
sion of the public heart and hold it after 
they are gone, not by flashes of genius or 
brilliant services, but by kindness and 
the force of personal character and by 
steady and persistent good conduct in all 
the situations and under all the trials of 
life. They are in sympathy with all that 
is useful, pure and good in their com- 
munity, and the community on its side 
cheerfully responds by extending to 
them respectful admiration and sincere 
affection. Such a man was the late John 
Coats Browne, a life-long and honored 
resident of his native city of Philadelphia. 



He lived not for himself but for his fel- 
lowmen, and stands among those who, 
when they "cease from earth," leave the 
world better than they found it. 

The Brownes are an ancient family of 
English origin and are entitled to display 
the following escutcheon : 

Arms — Argent, an eagle displayed sable. 

Crest — A lion rampant argent, ducally crowned 
or, supporting a tilting spear proper, headed of 
the first 

Motto — Spectemur agendo. (Let us be viewed 
by our actions). 

(I) Peter Browne, great-grandfather 
of John Coats Browne, was born Septem- 
ber 18, 1751, in the Northern Liberties, 
Philadelphia county, Pennsylvania, and 
was a son of Nathaniel and Mary Browne. 
Peter Browne accumulated a large for- 
tune by furnishing the iron work for 
ships; he was not, strictly speaking, as 
we understand the term, a blacksmith or 
horseshoer, the word blacksmith being 
generally used in his day to distinguish 
workers in iron on a large scale from 
whitesmiths who work in silver and other 
precious metals. Peter Browne built the 
machinery for the first steam craft in the 
world, the vessel constructed by and for 
John Fitch, the real inventor of steam- 
boat navigation. Mr. Browne, unlike his 
father, who was a member of the Society 
of Friends, vigorously supported the 
cause of the colonists during the Revo- 
lution, serving as a captain in the artil- 
lery, and after the war he continued his 
activities, being recognized as one of the 
most public-spirited men of his day. He 
held among other offices that of county 
commissioner for Philadelphia county, 
and eight years later was appointed a 
justice of the peace. Among social or- 
ganizations with which he was identified 
was the famous State in Schuylkill which 
he joined March 29, 1786, and of which 



258 




C^^TT^f^Tf^ 




rER BROWNE'S COAT OF ARMS 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he was at one time a coroner and at 
another a counsellor. He belonged to 
the Schuylkill Fishing Company, and was 
chosen, January 23, 1801, a member of 
the Society of the Sons of St. George. 
He was one of the managers of the Penn- 
sylvania Hospital, and was active in re- 
ligious and philanthropic movements. In 
1783 he became a pewholder in Christ 
Protestant Episcopal Church, in which, 
from 1806 to the close of his life, he held 
the office of vestryman. He was an inti- 
mate friend of Dr. Benjamin Rush who, 
in a letter to Mr. Browne during the epi- 
demic of yellow fever in Philadelphia in 
1798, said: "Be assured, my good friend, 
that even a dog belonging to Peter 
Browne should not be neglected by me." 

Mr. Browne married, April 20, 1773, 
Sarah Dutton, born May 29, 1753, daugh- 
ter of Isaac and Mary (Coats) Dutton, 
the latter a daughter of John Coats, of a 
well-known family of Northern Liber- 
ties. Mr. Browne's shop was at Kensing- 
ton, but his residence was at 141 North 
Front street, at that time an exceedingly 
fashionable neighborhood. Mrs. Browne 
passed away November 3, 1809, and her 
husband survived her little more than a 
year, his death occurring December 11, 
1810. The independent nature of Peter 
Browne was strikingly manifested in his 
refusal to use the arms to which he was 
by descent entitled and in devising an 
escutcheon of his own. This consisted of 
a large anvil with two pairs of naked 
arms in the act of striking, the motto 
being "By this I got ye," meaning that 
by the ironmonger's trade he gained his 
fortune. 

(II) John Coats Browne, son of Peter 
and Sarah (Dutton) Browne, was born 
October 23, 1774, and received his early 
education at the Episcopal Academy, sub- 
sequently entering the University of 
Pennsylvania and graduating in 1793. He 



then engaged in business with his father, 
his specialty being the iron work for 
ships. He was the first president of the 
Kensington Bank, and in 1831 became 
president of the board of commission- 
ers of the District of Kensington, North- 
ern Liberties, holding this office to the 
close of his life. He was elected, June 
2, 1798, a member of the celebrated First 
Troop Philadelphia City Cavalry, hold- 
ing, from 1803 to 1807, the rank of fourth 
corporal. He was connected with various 
other organizations and in some of them 
held the office of president. Mr. Browne 
married, April 27, 1800, Hannah, born 
February 15, 1779, daughter of Hugh and 
Susannah (Pearson) Lloyd, of Philadel- 
phia. The Lloyd family were strict 
Friends as the Brownes had been prior 
to the Revolution, but Peter Browne, 
after bearing arms in defense of Ameri- 
can liberty, had ceased to belong to the 
Society. Mr. and Mrs. Browne were the 
parents of six children ; one of these was 
named John Coats, 2nd, who died in 
infancy. On May 7, 1810, he resigned as 
corporal, but maintained his other activi- 
ties many years longer, for when he 
passed away, on August 8, 1832, he was 
still in the prime of life. The death of 
his widow occurred August 7, 1868, at 
the advanced age of eighty-nine years. 

(Ill) Peter Browne, son of John Coats 
and Hannah (Lloyd) Browne, was born 
February 8, 1803, and engaged in the lum- 
ber business in Philadelphia, but owing to 
impaired health retired early and lived 
for a time abroad. Mr. Browne married, 
October 15, 1836, Anne Taylor, born April 
6, 181 1, daughter of John and Frances 
(Taylor) Strawbridge, the former a rep- 
resentative of the old Philadelphia fam- 
ily of Strawbridge. Mr. and Mrs. Browne 
were the parents of two children: John 
Coats, mentioned below ; and Fanny 
Strawbridge, who died in infancy. The 



259 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



death of Mr. Browne occurred March 25, 
1840, and in 1850 his widow became the 
wife of William C. Kent. Mrs. Kent 
passed away on January 1, 1888. 

(IV) John Coats Browne, 3rd, son of 
Peter and Anne Taylor (Strawbridge) 
Browne, was born February 18, 1838, in 
Philadelphia, and received his education 
in the Episcopal Academy and other 
schools of his native city. Among the 
most interesting of his early recollections 
were those of several summer vacations 
spent with his mother at Roop's boarding 
house in Germantown. At that time the 
railroad to Germantown consisted mainly 
of a single track, and the Philadelphia 
station was on the west side of Ninth 
street, north of Green street. In 1853 the 
boy became a member of the Delphian 
Circumferaneous Association, a club 
largely composed of lads connected with 
the Rev. Dr. Hare's school, several of 
whom became prominent clergymen of 
the Protestant Episcopal church. They 
used to meet in a field beyond the Wire 
Bridge (now Spring Garden Street 
Bridge), in West Philadelphia, where 
they played ball and cricket, varying the 
exercise by racing around the reservoir 
basin of Fairmount Water Works. 

At the age of fifteen, John Coats Browne 
went into the old wholesale dry goods 
house of James, Kent, Santee & Company, 
of which his stepfather was a member, 
and remained with the firm for three 
years. For two of these years he received 
an annual salary of fifty dollars and for 
the last year seventy-five dollars. Dur- 
ing this last year almost all the money 
that came in and went out of the counting 
room passed through his hands. When 
it is added that the amount was about 
three millions it will be seen how great 
was the confidence placed by the firm in 
this youth of seventeen. He carried to 
the bank large sums in notes and checks 



and "took up" all the notes of the firm, 
sometimes amounting to twenty thousand 
dollars in one day. These notes were not 
made payable to any particular bank and 
he was obliged to hunt them up all over 
the city, being thus frequently compelled 
to carry in his pocket ten or fifteen thou- 
sand dollars in cash to take up the notes 
and cancel them. During this time he 
took up and completed a course in chem- 
istry, and a few years after devoted some 
attention to mineralogy. In after years 
he made a fine collection of minerals, and 
became a member of the Academy of 
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 

A business career did not appeal to 
Mr. Browne's inclinations, and he devoted 
the greater part of his life to conserving 
and enlarging the family estate. He was 
much interested in amateur photography 
and was the first in Philadelphia to make 
instantaneous pictures of moving objects, 
photographing moving ships on the Dela- 
ware river as early as 1867. In recogni- 
tion of this he was elected a member of 
the Philosophical Society, being proposed 
by Pliny E. Chase, but declined the honor. 
As an amateur photographer for more 
than half a century Mr. Browne was ex- 
celled by few professionals. He was one 
of the founders and an active member of 
the Photographic Society of Philadelphia, 
being elected its president for several suc- 
cessive years, from 1871 to 1878. He won 
several gold medals in open competition 
for his artistic photographs of country 
scenery, and left an invaluable collection 
of his own photographs of vanished and 
vanishing Philadelphia scenes. 

The interest which was always nearest 
Mr. Browne's heart was that of philan- 
thropy, and the many kindnesses and 
charities with which he filled his days will 
never be fully known to the world. In 
1872 he was elected a manager of the 
Episcopal Hospital at Front street and 



260 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Lehigh avenue, and gave greater and 
longer personal attention to it than any 
other manager in its history. For forty- 
five years he retained his office, also serv- 
ing on the board of trustees of the insti- 
tution. Nearly ten years before his death 
Mr. Browne resigned, and as a mark of 
appreciation the board created the posi- 
tion of honorary vice-president to which 
he was elected for life. At the time of 
his death he also held a directorship. 
Such was his devotion to the institution 
that for many years, instead of spending 
the hot weeks of summer out of the city, 
he would stay in Philadelphia simply to 
see that the affairs of the hospital were 
conducted in the best possible manner. 
This was but an especially notable in- 
stance of the unselfishness which marked 
his entire life. In the minute on his death 
drawn by Francis Lewis and W. W. 
Frazier they say: "These facts are noted 
because they show remarkable and un- 
usual fidelity to a great trust." From 
1868 to 1883 he was a manager of the 
Philadelphia Dispensary. 

In the summer of 1869 Mr. Browne ac- 
companied a United States Government 
party to Ottumwa for the purpose of as- 
sisting the observations of the total 
eclipse of the sun by making photographs 
of the phenomenon. For some days prior 
to the eclipse the weather was cloudy so 
that the sun could not be seen, and the 
night before the eventful day a heavy rain 
storm passed over Ottumwa, continuing 
until early morning and ending with the 
most tremendous thunder and lightning 
Mr. Browne had ever experienced. After 
the storm the sun appeared, shining un- 
obscured by a single cloud, and the photo- 
graphic work was signally successful. 

Politically Mr. Browne was a Repub- 
lican, but office seeking and office holding 
were alike repugnant to his nature, and 
he preferred to discharge his duty to the 
community as a private citizen. He was 

26 



chairman of the council of the Historical 
Society of Pennsylvania, and a life-long 
member of St. James' Protestant Episco- 
pal Church, that is, he might almost be 
called so, for it was only in the latter 
years of his life that he joined in the 
worship of God at St. Stephen's Church. 

As a man of wide culture, Mr. Browne 
took a very lively interest in everything 
pertaining to the history of his native 
city. He possesed a fine collection of 
views of old Philadelphia, some of them 
rare and costly engravings and others in- 
delibly burned in china and Delft ware, 
specimens of the quaint decorative art of 
a century ago. The Birch series of en- 
gravings, the most valued of all pictures 
of old Philadelphia, is to be found in very 
complete form in the Browne collection. 
Mr. Browne also possessed a remarkable 
collection of buttons, chevrons and in- 
signia, including those of every regiment 
that served during the Civil War. His 
patriotic feeling led him to collect speci- 
mens of all the most interesting campaign 
badges since the time of Abraham Lin- 
coln, and also a sheaf of Civil War en- 
velopes. Photographs of historic interest 
and beauty spots in and around Philadel- 
phia taken with his own camera form not 
the least interesting part of this varied 
collection. 

The personality of Mr. Browne was 
singularly attractive. His ready wit, 
good humor, store of scientific and gen- 
eral information always rendered him a 
welcome presence. He possessed a gentle 
gift of versifying and would enliven many 
little gatherings with his extemporaneous 
poems. An old lady, a friend of Mr. 
Browne, having accused him of being 
"only a butterfly," he responded with the 
following lines: 

I'm only a butterfly, 

Born for an hour 
To gather the sweets 

From the fairest flower; 



EXCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Made for no use 

But to float in the air, 
Bright-colored and beautiful, 

Free from all care. 
Life is a day-dream, 

All sunny and bright, 
Obscured by no cloud 

'Til the coming of night. 
I dine with the lily 

And sup with the rose, 
Hide under a daisy 

In perfect repose. 
No thought of the morrow, 

I live for to-day, 
And steal from the flowers 

Their sweetest bouquet. 
To-morrow, perhaps, 

The sweet flowers will miss 
My hovering o'er them 

With soft, dewy kiss. 

Another of Mr. Browne's many gifts 
was rare facility with the pencil, enabling 
him to produce, with a few masterly 
strokes, sketches of telling quality. It is 
readily seen that Mr. Browne was one of 
those men who, while never active in 
business life, yet do much for the progress 
of their communities by the advancement 
of culture and by presenting higher ideals 
of living. His face bore the imprint of a 
strong mentality and revealed a spirit an- 
imated by lofty aims and unselfish ambi- 
tions. His eyes were his most striking 
feature. On meeting their gaze the be- 
holder felt that he was in the presence of 
one who lived habitually on a higher level 
than most of his fellows, that here was a 
man who conformed his conduct to the 
highest standards, who was deeply rev- 
erenced and sincerely loved. 

Mr. Browne married (first) Alice Eliz- 
abeth Morton, born September n, 1838, 
daughter of the Rev. Dr. Henry J. and 
Helen (McFarland) Morton, of Philadel- 
phia, and they became the parents of one 
daughter, Edith Lloyd, now the widow 
of Henry Potts, of Pottstown, whose 
death occurred November, 1916. Mrs. 



Browne passed away February 7, 19x37. 
Mr. Browne married (second), June 7, 
1909, Emily Ada, daughter of Henry Mus- 
grave and Jane Budgett Payne, of Eng- 
land. The line of Payne is one of the 
most ancient in England, and runs back 
into France. Hugh de Payen, the Cru- 
sader, was a commanding figure in the 
early history of France, took part in the 
crusades to the Holy Lands in the elev- 
enth century. He with a companion in- 
stituted the order of "Templars of the 
Cross." For full account of this ancient 
family see "Payne (or Paine) Family." 
The arms are : 

Arms — Argent on a fess engrailed gules between 
three martletts sable as many mascles or, all 
within a bordure of the second bezantee. 

Crest — A wolf's head erased azure charged with 
five bezants salterwise. 

Mrs. Browne was her husband's con- 
genial companion and in his philan- 
thropies, as in all things else, his true 
comrade. 

On June 20, 1918, this gifted and lov- 
able man passed to his reward. All felt 
that the city was the poorer for his de- 
parture, not only by reason of the liber- 
ality with which he had dispensed his 
means, but also because of the withdrawal 
of a personality which always seemed to 
radiate sunshine. Many sorrowed because 
they might no more hope to meet his 
kindly smile and hear his words of cor- 
dial greeting. To the Episcopal Hospital 
and the Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania he made large bequests. 

Devoted in his family relations, sincere 
and true in his friendships, honorable and 
generous in business, Mr. Browne had 
the affection and esteem of those who 
lived closest to him and were best fitted 
to judge of his quality. He was human 
in his sympathies, cherishing no false or 
impossible ideals, living level with the 



262 







f^^,/ci 



gm^e* 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



hearts of those to whom he was bound by 
ties of consanguinity and friendship, and 
endearing himself to them and irradiating 
the ever-widening circle of his influence 
with the brightness of spirit that ex- 
pressed the pure gold of character. With 
an optimistic outlook on life, with faith 
in his friends and humanity, with a pur- 
pose to make the best of everything and 
see the good that is in all rather than the 
evil, with a helping hand and a word of 
cheer for all who needed to have their 
pathways made smoother, this worthy 
heir to honorable traditions won a place 
that was all his own in the hearts of all 
who knew him. The motto of his ancient 
house, Spectemur agendo (Let us be 
viewed by our actions), was one which he 
was, in a peculiar sense, entitled to dis- 
play. 

Seen in the unblemished mirror of his 
own deeds the figure of John Coats 
Browne stands before us dignified and 
noble, a stainless image of true manhood. 



BEMENT, William B., 

Captain of Industry. 

The late William Barnes Bement was 
among the constructive builders of Phil- 
adelphia's great iron industry during the 
last half of the nineteenth century, and 
the founder of the firm which from 1885 
was known as Bement-Niles & Company. 
The Bement arms are as follows: 

Arms — Azure semee of fleur-de-lis and a lion 
rampant or. 

Crest — On a cap of maintenance gules turned 
up ermine a lion passant proper. 

The family, of which he was so able a 
representative was established in Massa- 
chusetts during the early period of its 
colonization by the brothers, William and 
John Beamond, who sailed from the port 



of London in the ship "Elizabeth," April 
15, 1635, bound for New England. Wil- 
liam Beaumont, the elder of the brothers, 
married Lydia, daughter of Nicholas Dan- 
forth, Esq., of Cambridge, and sister of 
the Hon. Thomas Danforth, deputy gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts. After spending 
some years at Salem, he settled at Say- 
brook, Connecticut, where he died Feb- 
ruary 4, 1699. He and his descendants 
adhered to the original Norman spelling 
of his surname — Beaumont. 

(I) John Beamond, Mr. Bement's col- 
onist ancestor, was also for a time at 
Salem, Massachusetts, when in 1640, he 
had a grant of land. In August, 1643, he 
appears among those able to bear arms in 
Plymouth Colony, and is credited to Sci- 
tuate. While in the older colony he be- 
came associated with the Brewsters and 
was the purchaser, on June 18, 1644, of a 
portion of Elder Brewster's library, the 
most remarkable layman's collection of 
exegetical literature in early New Eng- 
land. He died in Essex county, before 
July, 1647. His only child, 

(II) John (2) Bement, as his surname 
came to be written, was born about 1638, 
probably in or near Salem. After his 
marriage to Martha, daughter of Edmund 
Dennis, of Boston, Mr. Bement settled at 
Wenham, some six miles north of Salem, 
one of the most charmingly located of the 
rural towns of Essex county, and there 
his four sons were born. In or before 
1680, his attention was attracted, with 
that of many of his neighbors, to the fer- 
tile lands along the Connecticut river, at 
Enfield, between Springfield and Hart- 
ford, then within the jurisdiction of 
Massachusetts, but later under the Con- 
necticut government. At Enfield he had 
several grants of land, bore his part in 
the foundation of town and church, and 
was the fifth to be laid in its churchyard, 
the last of December, 1684. His son, 



263 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(III) Ensign William Bement, born at 
Wenham, December 20, 1676, died at En- 
field, January 13, 1728. He accumulated 
a large estate, held most of the town of- 
fices, and was ensign of the militia com- 
pany before 1720. His wife Hannah, 
whom he married March 3, 1707, was the 
daughter of Captain Samuel Terry by his 
wife Hannah (Morgan) Terry, and the 
granddaughter of Captain Miles Morgan, 
founder of Springfield, Massachusetts. 
Their son, 

(IV) William (2) Bement, the eldest 
of eight children, was born at Enfield, 
December 28, 1709, and died at Stock- 
bridge, Massachusetts, in February, 1798. 
He married, January 1, 1732, Phebe, 
daughter of Daniel Markham by his wife, 
Deborah, daughter of Captain Isaac 
Meacham, of Enfield. During the Rev- 
olution, and for some years previous, Mr. 
Bement was a resident of Great Barring- 
ton, Massachusetts. It was at his house 
that the meetings ot the Committees of 
Safety and Correspondence held their 
sessions, and the Council of War its de- 
liberations. His sons, William and Eben- 
ezer, marched with the Great Barrington 
minute-men on the Lexington Alarm, and 
were later commissioned officers on the 
staff of Colonel, afterwards General John 
Fellows, of Sheffield. His son, 

(V) Samuel Bement, the youngest of 
four sons, was born at Wethersfield, Con- 
necticut, December 25, 1742, and died, 
probably at Tunbridge, Vermont, April 
7, 1816. He married at Salisbury, Con- 
necticut, in 1765, Martha, daughter of 
Jabez Bingham, of Norwich and Salis- 
bury, by his wife Bethia (Wood) Bing- 
ham. He was like his brothers, a staunch 
adherent of the Colonies in their struggle 
for independence, and served gallantly in 
Captain Albert Chapman's company, Sev- 
enth Regiment, Connecticut Continental 
Line. At Salisbury, from the time of his 



marriage until about 1791, he combined 
agricultural pursuits with the iron indus- 
try, then that town's chief claim to dis- 
tinction. His son, 

(VI) Samuel Bement, born at Salis- 
bury, February 7 or 9, 1768, died at Brad- 
ford, New Hampshire, March 31, 1837. 
He married, June 6, 1793, his cousin, Lucy 
Barnes, daughter of Captain Phineas 
Barnes, of Great Barrington, by his wife, 
Phebe (Bement) Barnes, born Novem- 
ber 20, 1774, died at Bradford, December 
8, 1835. Early in the closing decade of 
the eighteenth century, Mr. Bement was 
attracted to the hills of Vermont, and in 
January, 1792, he purchased lands in Tun- 
bridge. going later to Bradford, where his 
remaining years were spent. At both 
towns he was a manufacturer of wrought 
nails. His son, 

(VII) William Barnes Bement, the 
ninth of ten children, was born at Brad- 
ford, New Hampshire, May 10, 1817. Ob- 
taining the educational advantages com- 
mon to the New England rural commu- 
nity of that period, and employing his 
leisure hours in the construction of a va- 
riety of rudimentary machines, supple- 
mented by practical experience in his 
father's shop, he developed an inventive 
faculty and laid the corner stone of his 
subsequent successful career. In 1834, 
he entered the machine shops of Messrs. 
Moore & Colby, at Peterborough, New 
Hampshire, where his natural talents 
were apparent from the outset, and at the 
expiration of less than two years, and be- 
fore his majority was reached, he was 
taken into the firm which became Moore 
& Bement, manufacturers of machinery 
for cotton and woolen mills. This posi- 
tion he relinquished in 1840 to seek a 
wider field at Manchester, New Hamp- 
shire, where, with the Amoskeag Machine 
Shops, he remained until 1843. 1° tne 
latter year he went to Mishawaka, In- 



sjf 



264 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



diana, to superintend some woolen ma- 
chinery shops, but their destruction by 
fire on the eve of his arrival left him adrift 
with little capital save energy, mechan- 
ical skill and experience. Quite equal to 
the emergency, he quickly built up a small 
business as a gun smith, surrendering it 
to accept the superintendency of the St. 
Joseph Iron Company's Machine Shops, 
which by his suggestion were enlarged 
and equipped with new machinery. 
Scarcely had this been accomplished 
when a fire demolished the entire estab- 
lishment. The company was, however, 
able to rebuild and upon the plans com- 
pleted by Mr. Bement within twenty-four 
hours after the disaster. During the 
years at St. Joseph his ingenuity and per- 
severance were displayed to a remark- 
able degree. He invented and constructed 
the small tools from which the large ma- 
chinery was made, also an engine lathe, 
and his gear cutting machine, the first 
seen in the West, attracted marked atten- 
tion from machinists. With a growing 
reputation he returned East in 1847, and 
at once undertook contracts to build cot- 
ton and woolen machinery for the Lowell 
Machine Shops, ultimately assuming 
management of the pattern and design- 
ing departments, which afforded wide 
scope for his genius as inventor and 
draughtsman. 

In September, 185 1, Mr. Bement and 
his nephew, Gilbert A. Colby, entered in- 
to partnership at Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, with Elijah D. Marshall, then con- 
ducting a machine shop of moderate ca- 
pacity at Callowhill street and Pennsyl- 
vania avenue and Twentieth and Twen- 
ty-first streets, and for three years the 
business was conducted under the firm 
name of Marshall, Bement & Colby. Sub- 
sequently, James Dougherty, a practical 
iron founder, became a partner and for 
two years the house was known as Be- 



ment, Colby, Dougherty & Company. 
Upon the retirement of Marshall and 
Colby and the entrance of George C. 
Thomas, Sr., the name was changed, in 
1856, to Bement, Dougherty & Thomas, 
and again in 1857, to Bement & Dough- 
erty. This latter connection continued 
until 1870, when Mr. Dougherty with- 
drew, and was succeeded by the eldest 
son of the senior partner, Clarence S. 
Bement. John M. Shrigley entered the 
firm in 1874, remaining a member thereof 
until 1884, and in July, 1879, William P. 
Bement, second son of the senior partner, 
was admitted. In 1885, a consolidation 
was effected with the Machine Tool 
Works conducted by Frederick B. Miles, 
and thenceforward the firm was Bement, 
Miles & Company. Mr. Bement trans- 
ferred his interest to his three sons in 
1888, Frank Bement, the youngest, having 
become a partner in that year. He then 
withdrew from the plant which for thirty- 
seven years he had guided from a small 
machine shop to the immense industrial 
works whose specialties stood second to 
none in America and only to Whitworth's 
in Manchester, England ; perhaps not sec- 
ond to that. 

Giving strict attention to, but not com- 
pletely absorbed by business affairs, Mr. 
Bement ever manifested a keenly active 
interest in everything pertaining to the 
city's welfare and his name was associated 
with projects of the utmost municipal 
concern. Many of the financial and com- 
mercial institutions, the educational, char- 
itable and religious organizations, profited 
by his support and co-operation. He was 
an independent Republican in politics, a 
director of the National Bank of the Re- 
public and many other financial institu- 
tions, many years a director of the Penn- 
sylvania Academy of Fine Arts and of 
the School of Design for Women ; a mem- 
ber of the Academy of Natural Sciences, 



265 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the Franklin Institute, and the Union 
League and Manufacturers Clubs. An 
ardent and discriminating patron of the 
fine arts, he possessed a most interesting 
collection of works from the studios of 
foreign and native artists, which collec- 
tion was generously open to art students 
and the interested public. 

His death, which occurred October 6, 
1897, removed from Philadelphia, one 
whose business capacity was of the high- 
est order, a citizen of active patriotism, 
a man of cultivated taste, persistent opti- 
mism and large hospitality — one who in 
every relation of life wavered not in his 
loyalty to high principles and who en- 
joyed the esteem of his business asso- 
ciates and subordinates. 

He married, January 26, 1840, Emily, 
daughter of Thomas Baldwin and Esther 
(Lyman) Russell, of Royalton, Vermont, 
born at Royalton, September 3, 1819, died 
at Philadelphia, November 16, 1894. 
Their children were: 1. Emily Jane, died 
in childhood^ 2. Clarence S., q. v. 3. 
Charles Russell, died in childhood. 4. 
George Walter, died in childhood. 5. 
Mary Ella, born December 10, 185 1, died 
August, 1912; married Waldo M. Claflin, 
of Philadelphia and had issue : William 
Bement Claflin, of Philadelphia; Emily 
Russell Claflin, unmarried ; Leander C. 
Claflin; Clarence B. Claflin. 6. William 
Parker, q. v. 7. Frank, of Toms River, 
New Jersey, born November 1, i860; 
married Grace Furbush, and has a daugh- 
ter, Florence, wife of George Braxton 
Pegram, professor of physics at Columbia 
University. 

(The Russell Line). 

(I) Rev. Thomas Russell, born 1759, 
died at Cleveland, Ohio, 1822, aged sixty- 
three years; the first settled Congrega- 
tional minister at Bethel, Vermont, 1790. 
He married Hannah Baldwin, born in 



Mansfield, Connecticut, January 6, 1767 ; 
died at Bethel, Vermont, after June 24, 
1824. 

(II) Thomas Baldwin Russell, born in 
Westhampton, Long Island, February 14, 
1789, died July 5, 1844. He married, No- 
vember n, 1810, at Royalton, Vermont, 
Esther Lyman, born in Middletown, Con- 
necticut, December 2, 1789, died at Roy- 
alton, February 5, 1853. Their daughter, 

(III) Emily Russell married William 
B. Bement, of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
(see Bement VII). 

(The Baldwin Line). 

(I) Henry Baldwin, said to have come 
from Devonshire, England, and settled 
in Woburn, Massachusetts, in 1640, died 
there February 14, 1697. He married 
Phebe Richardson, November 1, 1649, at 
Woburn, she baptized in Boston, Massa- 
chusetts, June 3, 1632, died at Woburn, 
September 14, 1716, daughter of Ezekiel 
and Susanna Richardson. Ezekiel Richard- 
son was of Charlestown, 1630, where he 
was deputy to the General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts, 1634-35 ; settled finally at Wo- 
burn, and there died October 21, 1647. 
His wife Susanna was a member of 
Charlestown church, August 27, 1630; 
she married (second) Henry Brooks, of 
Woburn. 

(II) Benjamin Baldwin, born in Wo- 
burn, January 20, 1672, died in Canter- 
bury, Connecticut, December 11, 1759. 
He married Hannah . 

(III) Daniel Baldwin, born in Canter- 
bury, May 26, 1705, died at Tolland, Con- 
necticut, estate administered upon 1771. 
He married, November 16, 1730, Hannah 
Partridge, born in Preston, Connecticut, 
May 10, 171 1, died in Norwich, Connec- 
ticut, July 12, 1742. 

(IV) Ebenezer Baldwin, born in Nor- 
wich, Connecticut, November 24, 1734; 
resided at Mansfield, Connecticut, where 



266 




a^e^z^ 




^yyyv 



&wv 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



he died in August, 1832 ; estate adminis- 
tered upon August, 1832. He married, 
November 12, 1761, at Mansfield, Ruth 
Swift, born in Mansfield, October 16, 
1745; died there, August 26, 1826, aged 
eighty-one; their daughter, 

(V) Hannah Baldwin, born in Mans- 
field, June 6, 1767, died in Bethel, Ver- 
mont, after June 24, 1824. She married 
Rev. Thomas Russell (see Russell Line). 

(The Lyman Line). 

(I) Henry Lyman, of High Ongar, 
County Essex, England, married Eliza- 
beth , buried at Navistoke, County 

Essex, England, April 15, 1587. 

(II) Richard Lyman, baptized at High 
Ongar, October 30, 1580, removed to 
Massachusetts, November, 1631 ; to Hart- 
ford, Connecticut, 1639; will proved in 
Hartford, September 6, 1640. He married 
Sarah Osborne, daughter of Roger Os- 
borne, who died at Hartford shortly after 
husband. 

(III) Richard Lyman, baptized at 
High Ongar, February 24, 1617, died at 
Northampton, Massachusetts, June 3, 
1662; came with his parents in ship 
"Lion ;" appointed to lay out town of 
Hadley in 1659. He married Hepzibah 
Ford, who married (second) John Marsh, 
of Hadley, Massachusetts. 

(IV) Richard Lyman, born in Wind- 
sor, Connecticut, 1647, died in Lebanon, 
Connecticut, November 4, 1708. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Cowles, May 26, 1675, 
daughter of John Cowles (or Coles) of 
Hartford ; died September, 1677. 

(V) Samuel Lyman, born in North- 
ampton, Massachusetts, April, 1676, died 
in Lebanon, Connecticut ; will proved in 
June, 175 1. He married, May 9, 1697, 
Elizabeth (Reynolds) Fowler, born in 
Norwich, Connecticut, 1666, died in Leb- 
anon, February 24, 1742 ; daughter of 



John Reynolds, of Norwich, Connecticut, 
who died in 1702. 

(VI) Jabez Lyman, born October 10, 
1702, died in Lebanon, Connecticut, Oc- 
tober 22, 1787; will proved December 4, 
1787. He married, January 29, 1730, 
Martha Bliss, born March 30, 1709, died 
before March 24, 1784, date of husband's 
will. 

(VII) Ezekiel Lyman, born in Leb- 
anon, Connecticut, October 23, 1733, died 
at Royalton, Vermont, after June 27, 1802; 
soldier in French-Indian War in cam- 
paign of 1755 under Captain John T. 
Terry, First Connecticut Regiment ; re- 
moved to Royalton, 1782. He married, 
February 10, 1757, Elizabeth Bliss, born 
in Lebanon, October 3, 1730, daughter of 
John and Hannah (Ticknor) Bliss. 

(VIII) Asa Lyman, baptized at Leb- 
anon, Connecticut, November 6, 1757, 
died at West Turin, New York ; was a 
Revolutionary soldier from Connecticut; 
removed to Royalton, Vermont, before 
September 28, 1788. He married, Sep- 
tember 14, 1763, at Middletown, Submit 
Mitchell, born in Middletown, Connecti- 
cut, January 31, 1768, died after March 4, 
1801, daughter of Abner and Esther 
(Johnson) Mitchell. 

(IX) Esther Lyman, born in Middle- 
town, Connecticut, December 2, 1789, died 
in Royalton, Vermont, February 5, 1853. 
She married, November 11, 1810, Thomas 
Baldwin Russell (see Russell Line). 



BEMENT, Clarence S., 

Manufacturer. 

Clarence Sweet Bement, son of the late 
William Barnes and Emily (Russell) Be- 
ment, was born in Mishawaka, Indiana, 
April 11, 1843. He received his education 
in the schools of Lowell and Philadelphia, 
and then entered the employ of his father, 
who was head of the machine tool manu- 



267 



y 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



facturing firm of Bement & Dougherty, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In 1870 he 
became a partner in this concern, upon the 
retirement of Mr. Dougherty. He held 
this office until the business was sold, in 
1899, when he retired to private life, al- 
though remaining a director of the suc- 
ceeding corporation, the Niles-Bement- 
Pond Company. Politically Mr. Bement 
is affiliated with the Republicans. He is 
a member of the American Philosophical 
Society, Historical Society of Pennsyl- 
vania, Neumismatic and Antiquarian So- 
ciety, Union League of Philadelphia, and 
other institutions. He has been from boy- 
hood interested in minerals, ancient coins, 
books, etc., and has made several notable 
collections on these subjects. 

On December 29, 1871, Mr. Bement 
married Martha Shreve, v daughter of the 
late Jacob E. and Sarah (Shreve) Ridg- 
way, of New Jersey, and they were the 
parents of the following children: 1. Em- 
ily Ridgway, died in infancy. 2. Bertha, 
wife of J. Clark Moore, Jr., of Philadel- 
phia ; they have a daughter : Marion 
Elizabeth. 3. Joseph Leidy, died in early 
infancy. 4. Anna, wife of Albert Ludlow 
--Kramer, o£Long Island, New York; they 
^ have two children: Albert Ludlow, Jr., 
born in 1907 ; and Martha Leighton, born 
in 191 1. The death of Mrs. Bement oc- 
curred March 22, 1907. 



BEMENT, William P., 

Manufacturer. 

William Parker Bement, son of the late 
William Barnes and Emily (Russell) 
Bement, was born in Philadelphia, Penn- 
sylvania, February 12, 1854. He was ed- 
ucated in the schools of Philadelphia, and 
early entered the firm of William B. 
Bement & Sons, of which his father was 
head. Mr. Bement was admitted to part- 
nership in 1879, and held this position 



until the sale of the company in 1899, 
whereupon he retired. He has been offi- 
cially connected with various financial 
and industrial concerns in the past; is a 
Republican in politics, and a member of 
the Union League of Philadelphia. His 
time is spent in looking after his private 
interests. 

Mr. Bement married, November 24, 
1880, Caroline, daughter of Henry and 
Margaretta (Perry) Van Beil, of Phila- 
delphia, and they are the parents of the 
following children : Marguerite, unmar- 
ried ; Russell, born February 12, 1884, un- 
married ; Eleanore, wife of Samuel George 
Stem, of Philadelphia. 



SIMPSON, Frank F., M. D., 

Specialist, Hospital Official. 

The medical profession of Pittsburgh 
numbers in its ranks representatives of 
various nationalities and many who are 
natives of distant parts of our own land ; 
the city's body of physicians and sur- 
geons have been recruited from beyond 
the seas and also from every State in the 
Union. Among those who have come to 
us from the South is Dr. Frank Farrow 
Simpson, who has practised for more 
than twenty years in the metropolis, and 
has long been recognized as a leader in 
his profession. 

William Simpson, the first ancestor of 
record, who was born in 1729, in Belfast, 
Ireland, and about 1770 emigrated to 
South Carolina, settled near the place 
afterwards called Belfast, in the south- 
eastern part of Laurens county. He mar- 
ried, in Ireland, Mary Simpson, of an- 
other Simpson family, and their five chil- 
dren, all born in Ireland, came to South 
Carolina with their parents, with the 
exception of John, mentioned below. 
William Simpson died in 1806, and his 
wife, who was born in 1730, passed away. 



26S 




T^lyJ uuJj. 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(II) John, son of William and Mary 
Simpson, was born November 17, 1751, 
in Belfast, Ireland, and remained behind 
when the family emigrated. At the age 
of twenty-one he went to London, Eng- 
land, and there engaged in the mercantile 
business until 1786, when he also emi- 
grated to South Carolina, taking up his 
abode in Laurens county and establishing 
a store at Belfast. He conducted this 
business during the remainder of his life, 
amassing a large fortune, which he dis- 
pensed with great liberality. At his 
death he was the owner of a large part of 
the town of Laurens. He married, Sep- 
tember 2i, 1786, just before leaving Eng- 
land, Mary, born August 29, 1754, daugh- 
ter of Richard and Jane (Asmond) Wells, 
of Burford, Oxfordshire, and they be- 
came the parents of seven children, 
among whom was John Wells, mentioned 
below. Mrs. Simpson died in 1810, and 
two years later "Colonel" Simpson, as he 
was always called, married the widow of 
Judge John Hunter. The death of Col- 
onel Simpson occurred September 15, 
1815. 

(III) John Wells, son of John and 
Mary (Wells) Simpson, was born Sep- 
tember 2, 1796, and at the time of his 
father's death was a student at the South 
Carolina College. He immediately re- 
turned home and took charge of the 
estate. About the age of twenty-one he 
received from the Medical College of 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine, and for some yeafs 
practised at Belfast, then removing to 
Laurens Court House, where he resided 
during the remainder of his life. In early 
Imanhood he was elected to the Legisla- 
ture, and served several terms. His posi- 
tion as a citizen was a distinguished one. 
A.mong the memorials of his benevolence 
ind liberality of sentiment was the build- 
ng and endowment of the Laurensville 



Female College. As a business man he 
was successful, attaining a condition of 
affluence. He was a lifelong and devoted 
member of the Presbyterian church. Dr. 
Simpson married (first), March 2, 1820, 
Elizabeth, born May 3, 1803, daughter of 
John Satterwhite, a merchant and planter 
of Newberry, South Carolina, and two 
children were born to them : John Wis- 
tar, mentioned below ; and William Dun- 
lap. Mrs. Simpson died September 2, 
1824, and Dr. Simpson married (second), 
Martha D., daughter of Frederick and 
Nancy (Finch) Foster, by whom he had 
three children, all of whom died in infancy. 
Their mother passed away February 17, 
1829, and Dr. Simpson married (third) 
Eliza, daughter of Dr. Freeborn and 
Judith (Finch) Adams, the former a 
native of Maine and the latter of Virgina. 
Mrs. Simpson died June 26, 1854, leaving 
eight children, and Dr. Simpson married 
(fourth) Jane Caroline (Beatty) Clow- 
ney, widow of the Honorable W. K. Clow- 
ney. The fifth wife of Dr. Simpson was 
Anna (Barnet) Williams, widow of Col- 
onel John D. Williams. Dr. Simpson 
died April 11, 1881. 

(IV) John Wistar, a son of John Wells 
and Elizabeth (Satterwhite) Simpson, 
was born June 11, 1821, and in 1843 
graduated with honors at the South Caro- 
lina College. Soon after he commenced 
the study of law at Cambridge, Massa- 
chusetts, under Judge Story, remaining 
eighteen months. After his return home 
he settled at Laurens Court House, and 
for many years was a successful lawyer, 
in partnership with his brother, W. D. 
Simpson, the firm being one of the ablest 
in the State, employed in nearly every 
important case in the surrounding coun- 
ties. When his brother and partner was 
elected Governor of South Carolina, Mr. 
Simpson retired from the practice of his 
profession, and he and his children pur- 



269 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



chased the estate of Glenn Springs, in 
Spartanburg county, South Carolina, 
where he resided during the remainder of 
his life. For years he was a member of 
the Presbyterian church. Mr. Simpson 
married, March 23, 1847, Anna Patillo 
Farrow, whose ancestral record is ap- 
pended to this biography, and their chil- 
dren were : John Patillo, William Wells, 
Wistar Satterwhite, Stobo James, Har- 
vey Strother, Elizabeth Satterwhite, 
Paul Simpson, Wistar Gasper, Arthur 
Osmond, and Frank Farrow, mentioned 
below. Mrs. Simpson died in 1872, and 
the death of Mr. Simpson occurred May 
17. 1893. He was a man of high princi- 
ple and genial disposition, loved and ven- 
erated by all. 

(V) Dr. Frank Farrow Simpson, son 
of John Wistar and Anna Patillo (Far- 
row) Simpson, was born April 21, 1868, 
at Laurens, South Carolina, and received 
his preparatory education in private 
schools, passing to the University of 
South Carolina and graduating in 1889 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He 
then entered the Medical Department of 
the University of Pennsylvania, and in 
1893 received from that institution the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine. For one 
year thereafter Dr. Simpson served as 
interne at the Mercy Hospital, Pitts- 
burgh, and then for nine years held the 
position of assistant gynaecologist at the 
same institution. Since 1904 he has been 
gynecologist to the Allegheny General 
Hospital, and for a time was consulting 
gynaecologist to the Columbia Hospital. 
His private practice is large and he pos- 
sesses the implicit confidence of the med- 
ical fraternity and the general public. 

Dr. Simpson was a member of the 
Fourteenth International Congress of 
Physicians and Surgeons that met in 
London, and holds the office of secretary 
general of the Seventh International Con- 



gress for Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 
also serving as a member of its executive 
committee. He is treasurer and a mem- 
ber of the executive committee of Ameri- 
can Physicians for the Aid of the Belgian 
Profession, also serving on the executive 
committee of the American Society for 
the Control of Cancer. He is president 
of the American Gynaecological Society, 
and is a member of the Southern Surgi- 
cal and Gynaecological AssociatiorifTthe 
American Association of Obstetricians and 
Gynaecologists, the Pittsburgh Academy 
of Medicine, the Pittsburgh College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, of which he 
was at one time president, the American 
Medical Association, the Pennsylvania 
State Medical Association and the Alle- 
gheny County Medical Society. He has 
been secretary of the Committee of Amer- 
ican Physicians for Medical Preparedness 
since its organization early in 1915, and 
when the Council of National Defense 
was established by the National Govern- 
ment in December, 1916, he was asked to 
become chief of its medical section, which 
position he now holds. — 

In politics Dr. Simpson is an Inde- 
pendent, giving to the consideration of 
public affairs as much time and attention 
as his professional duties will permit. 
He affiliates with Fellowship Lodge, Free 
and Accepted Masons, and belongs to the 
University, Duquesne, Oakmont, Pitts- 
burgh Golf and Stanton Heights Golf 
clubs, and the Kappa Alpha fraternity. 
He attends the Presbyterian church. 

Both in and out of his profession, Mr. 
Simpson has many warm friends. His 
personality, appearance and manner are 
those of a polished physician and a man 
of birth and breeding. His success is the 
result of natural aptitude enforced by 
exceptionally fine equipment and guided 
and controlled by a high sense of duty 
and honor. 



270 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



(The Farrow Line). 

(I) John Farrow, gentleman, as the 
county records give his name, was born in 
Prince William county, Virginia, and re- 
moved to the Ninety-sixth district, of 
which the present town of Spartanburg, 
South Carolina, formed a part. He mar- 
ried, in Virginia, Rosanna Waters (see 
Waters) and their children were : Sarah ; 
Thomas, mentioned below ; John ; Lon- 
don ; Samuel ; Mary ; Jane ; and William. 

(II) Thomas, son of John and Rosanna 
(Waters) Farrow, was born in 1755, in 
Prince William county, Virginia, and was 

child when taken by his parents to 
South Carolina. During the Revolution- 
ary War he was captain of a company 
belonging to a regiment commanded by 
his uncle, Colonel Philemon Waters, and 
participated in many of the battles fought 
in the Carolinas. He married (first) 
Rebecca Wood (second) Patience Roch- 
ella and (third) Anna (Patillo) Harrison, 
daughter of the Reverend Henry Patilla, 
and widow of Colonel Harrison (his sec- 
ond wife), who figured prominently dur- 
the Revolution in Virginia and the 
Carolinas. Captain Farrow and his third 
wife were the parents of two children: 
Patillo, mentioned below ; and Nancy. 

(III) Patillo, son of Thomas and Anna 
(Patillo-Harrison) Farrow, was born 
September 2, 1796, on the homestead of 
his paternal grandparents, in Spartan- 
burg district, South Carolina, and gradu- 
ated in 1815 at the South Carolina College. 
He studied law, and in 1818 was admitted 
io the bar at Columbia, South Carolina. 
In 1837 he retired. Mr. Farrow was asso- 
ciated with Chief Justice John Belton 
O'Neal in organizing the original temper- 
ance movement in South Carolina, and 
was an elder in the Presbyterian church. 
On January 2, 1826, Mr. Farrow married 
Jane Strother James (see James) and 
their children were: James; Anna Pa- 



tillo, mentioned below ; Susan Washing- 
ton, Thomas Stobo, Henry Patillo, Ros- 
anna Waters, and Julia Woodruff. The 
death of Mr. Farrow occurred October 



(IV) Anna Patillo, daughter of Patillo 
and Jane Strother (James) Farrow, was 
born June 26, 1828, and became the wife 
of John (3) Wistar Simpson, as stated 
above. 

(The Waters Line). 

The arms of the Waters family, origi- 
nally of Yorkshire, England, and later of 
New England, Virginia and Maryland, 
are as follows : 

Arms — Sable on a fess wavy argent between 
three swans of the second two bars wavy azure. 

Crest — A demi-talbot argent, holding in the 
mouth an arrow gules. 

Motto — Toujours fidele. 

(I) Edward Waters, gentleman, founder 
of the Virginia-Carolina branch of the 
family, was born in England, and in 1608 
emigrated to Virginia. He was known as 
"lieutenant." Lieutenant Waters mar- 
ried Grace O'Neill, who was born in 1603, 
in England, and their children were: 
William, mentioned below ; and Mar- 
garet. Lieutenant Waters died in Eng- 
land, in 1630. 

(II) William, son of Edward and 
Grace (O'Neill) Waters, was born in 
1623, in Virginia, and in 1652 married 
Margaret (Robins) Clark, widow of 
George Clark. They were the parents of 
the following children: Richard, John, 
Edward, Thomas, Obedience, and Wil- 
liam, mentioned below. 

(III) William (2), son of William (1) 
and Margaret (Robinson Clark) Waters, 
married Mary Boynton, and their chil- 
dren were : Thomas, mentioned below ; 
William, and Edward. 

(IV) Thomas, son of William (2) and 
Mary (Boynton) Waters, married Mary 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



, and the following children were 

born to them : Philemon, mentioned 
below ; Edward, and Thomas. 

(V) Philemon, son of Thomas and 
Mary Waters, was born October 8, 1711, 
in Stafford county, Virginia, and married 
Sarah Bordroyne, who was born March 
20, 1720. Their children were : Phile- 
mon; Rosanna (twin to Philemon), men- 
tioned below; Thomas, and William. 
Philemon Waters, the father, died Janu- 
ary 20, 1779, and the mother of the fam- 
ily passed away July 4, 1792. 

(VI) Rosanna, daughter of Philemon 
and Sarah (Bordroyne) Waters, was 
born in Prince county, Virginia, became 
the wife of John Farrow (see Farrow), 
and died in South Carolina. 

(The James Line). 

(I) John James, the first ancestor of 
record, was of Stafford county, Virginia, 

and married Washington (see 

Washington), and their son John is men- 
tioned below. 

(II) John (2), son of John (1), mar- 
ried Anna Strother, and their son Ben- 
jamin is mentioned below. 

(III) Benjamin, son of John (2) and 
Anna (Strother) James, married Jane 
Stobo (see Stobo), and their daughter, 
Jean Strother, is mentioned below. Ben- 
jamin James was a distinguished lawyer. 

(IV) Jane Strother, daughter of Ben- 
jamin and Jane (Stobo) James, became 
the wife of Patillo Farrow (see Farrow). 

(The Washington Line). 

(I) Lawrence Washington, gentleman, 
of Northamptonshire, England, received, 
in 1538, during the reign of Henry the 
Eighth, the grant of the Manor of Sul- 
grave, the grant covering all the lands in 
Sulgrave and Woodford and part of 
Statesburg, Cotton, Ashley and Cotesby. 
Lawrence Washington died February 19, 



1584, and his son Robert is mentioned 
below. 

(II) Robert, eldest son of Lawrence 
Washington, was born about 1543, and 
inherited the Manor of Sulgrave. In 
1610, with the consent of his eldest son, 
Lawrence, mentioned below, he sold the 
estate to a nephew. 

(III) Lawrence (2), son of Robert 
Washington, was the father or three] 
sons : William, who was knighted, and] 
married a sister of George Villiers, Duke' 
of Buckingham; John, mentioned below; 
and Lawrence. 

(IV) John, son of Lawrence (2) Wash- 
ington, emigrated to Virginia in 1657J 
Oliver Cromwell being the Lord Protec-! 
tor of the Commonwealth of England.! 
John Washington was accompanied byl 
his brother Lawrence. Not long after hisj 
arrival in Virginia, John Washington was 
in a military command against the In-1 
dians in Maryland and Virginia, and rosea 
to the rank of colonel, being the first of 
the Washingtons to hold office, either! 
civil or military, in America. The parish! 
in which he resided, at Bridge's CreekJ 
in Westmoreland county, was named in 
his honor. It was there he married Anne 
Pope, and their two sons, Lawrence and! 
John are mentioned below. 

(V) Lawrence (3), son of John and 
Anne (Pope) Washington, married Mil- 
dred Warner, and their son Augustine is 
mentioned below. 

(V) John (2), son of John (1) and! 
Anne (Pope) Washington, had a daugh-J 
ter , mentioned below. 

(VI) Augustine, son of Lawrence (3W 
and Mildred (Warner) Washington, wa« 
born about 1694, and married Mary Ball, 
second nuptials. Their son George is 
mentioned below. Augustine Washing- 
ton died in 1743, and his widow passed 
away about 1789. 

(VI) , daughter of John (2) 



272 




fQ^£. (0,y>^y 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



Washington, became the wife of John 
James (see James Line). 

(VIII) George, son of Augustine and 
Mary (Ball) Washington, was born Feb- 
ruary 22, 1732, and became commander- 
in-chief of the American army, and first 
President of the United States. His 
death occurred December 14, 1799. 

(The Stobo Line). 

(I) The Reverend Archibald Stobo, 
founder of the American branch of the 
family, was a noted Presbyterian minister 
who in 1699 left Stobo Castle, Stobo 
Parish, Peebleshire, Scotland, and in Jan- 
uary, 1700, settled in Charleston, South 
Carolina. His son, Richard Park, is men- 
tioned below. 

(II) Richard Park, son of Archibald 
Stobo, had a daughter Jane, who is men- 
tioned below. 

(III) Jane, daughter of Richard Park 
Stobo, became the wife of Benjamin 
James (see James). 

The Reverend Archibald Stobo has in 
South Carolina and Georgia many worthy 
descendants, among them Theodore 
Roosevelt, ex-President of the United 
States. 

TRACY, David Edward, 

Manufacturer. 

Pennsylvania numbers among her cit- 
izens many representatives of that valu- 
able class of solidly aggressive business 
men who, wherever they are found, con- 
stitute the bone and sinew of their com- 
munities. Prominent among this class in 
Harrisburg is David E. Tracy, president 
and director of the Harrisburg Pipe and 
Pipe Bending Company, one of the large 
manufacturing concerns of Pennsylvania. 

David Edward Tracy was born in Con- 
shohocken, Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania, March 11, 1867, son of the late 



James and Margaret (O'Brien) Tracy. 
James Tracy descended from the old fam- 
ily of Tracy, was one of the pioneers of 
Conshohocken, his father before him be- 
ing a large grain, coal and ore dealer. 
David E. Tracy received his early educa- 
tion in St. Matthew's Parochial School, 
from which he graduated in 1881, then 
entered the University of Pennsylvania, 
from which he received the degree of 
Bachelor of Science in 1886 and the degree 
of Mechanical Engineer in 1887. He then 
came to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, where 
he was employed by the Harrisburg Ice 
Machine Company for three years. In 
1889 he formed with two others the Har- 
risburg Pipe Bending Company, Limited, 
of which he was one of its largest stock- 
holders. He held the office of general 
superintendent until 1894, when the Har- 
risburg Pipe and Pipe Bending Company 
was organized, of which he became gen- 
eral superintendent and director, and in 
1912 president. This concern was formed 
for the bending of iron pipe for refriger- 
ating plants, and later entered the field of 
pipe manufacturing and steel stamping 
plates, in which they have built up a large 
business. They have their own steel 
mills, with hundreds of employees (1918) 
manufacturing munitions for the Allies 
and United States Government, and high 
pressure seamless cylinders. Their prod- 
ucts are known internationally for their 
excellence. 

The business qualifications of Mr. 
Tracy have always been in demand on 
boards of directors of different organiza- 
tions, and he has accepted many such 
trusts. He is a director of the Central 
Trust Company, of Harrisburg. and of the 
Merchants National Bank ; director of the 
Valley Railways, Central Construction 
Corporation, and chairman of the District 
Exemption Board, No. 2, of the Middle 
Judicial District of Pennsylvania ; direc- 



273 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



tor of the Harrisburg Hospital, and vice- 
president of the Sylvan Heights Home for 
Orphan Girls. In recognition of his wide- 
embracing philanthropy and for his deep 
interest in civic work Mr. Tracy has been 
recently decorated by the Pope with the 
order of Knight of St. Gregory the Great, 
civil order. 

Mr. Tracy holds membership in the 
Harrisburg Club ; Old Colony Club ; En- 
gineers' Society of Pennsylvania (of 
which he was president for a time) ; 
Chamber of Commerce of Harrisburg, 
and its president in 1917; director of the 
Pennsylvania State Chamber of Com- 
merce ; Knights of Columbus ; and for 
eight years was president of the Board of 
Public Works of Harrisburg. In politics 
he is an Independent, reserving the right 
to vote for the man he deems best fitted 
for the office. He is a prominent member 
of the Roman Catholic Church. He is 
also chairman of Harrisburg Sub-Region 
of the Resources and Conservation Sec- 
tion of the War Industries Board, and 
city chairman of the United War Work 
Campaign. 

On September 6, 1904, Mr. Tracy mar- 
ried Gertrude B., daughter of the late 
Hamilton D. and Jane (Dellone) Hem- 
ler, of Harrisburg. Her father was one 
of the most prominent financiers and busi- 
ness men of Eastern Pennsylvania, being 
president of the Central Trust and also 
of the Merchants National Bank, both of 
Harrisburg. Mrs. Tracy serves as presi- 
dent of the Catholic Ladies' Auxiliary of 
the Red Cross in Harrisburg, and in all 
her husband's philanthropic work she is 
an earnest helper. 



HILDRUP, William Thomas, Sr., 

Car Builder. 

The late William Thomas Hildrup, gen- 
eral manager and treasurer of the Harris- 



burg Car Manufacturing Company, was 
a man to be numbered among the creators 
of Pennsylvania's industries, inasmuch as 
he was one of the originators of the wide- 
ly-known concern with which he was con- 
nected during the greater part of his ac- 
tive life. Mr. Hildrup was associated 
with other important industrial enter- 
prises, and took a leading part in all that 
made for the progress and welfare of his 
home city of Harrisburg. 

The Hildrup family is one of the most 
ancient families of Great Britain. The 
name Hildrup is a combined form of Hill, 
Hyll, Hule and Droop or Drope, old 
Saxon families of Somersetshire, Eng- 
land. The Hylls or Hills have written 
their names large in English history and 
among the Dropes was one Lord Mayor 
of London in the fifteenth century. The 
name became Hill-Droop, Hyll-Drope and 
eventually Hildrup. They claim to have 
complete family history running back to 
A. D., 327, when the first ancestor landed 
at Aqua Solis, now Bath, England, with 
a view of starting importation of oranges 
from Spain, of which country he was a 
native. The head of the English family 
was William Henry Hildrup, living in a 
house in Glossop, Somerset, which had 
been occupied by twenty-seven consecu- 
tive generations of Hildrups. There is 
an Irish branch in Dublin. 

Arms — Gules, a chevron ermine between three 
garbs or. 

Crest — A dove, with wings expanded; in the 
beak an olive branch, all proper. 

William Thomas Hildrup, of the third 
generation of the American branch of the 
family, was born February 6, 1822, in 
Middletown, Connecticut, and was a son 
of Jesse and Sophia (Turner) Hildrup, 
of Hartford. The education of William 
Thomas Hildrup was received in local 
schools, and at the age of sixteen he began 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



to learn the carpenter's trade. Three 
years later, having finished his appren- 
ticeship, he went to Cape Vincent, Jeffer- 
son county, New York, where he was em- 
ployed for two years, going then to Wor- 
cester, Massachusetts, and there finding 
employment in the car works of Bradley 
& Rice. During the nine years he re- 
mained in the works he became thorough- 
ly proficient in every branch of the busi- 
ness. In 1852 Mr. Hildrup removed to 
Elmira, New York, where he established 
a car-wheel foundry and machine shop. 
A year later he went to Harrisburg on 
the invitation of a prominent citizen 
whom he had met on his way to Elmira 
and who had laid before him the advan- 
tages possessed by the capital of Penn- 
sylvania for railroad car building. Mr. 
Hildrup, with others, organized the Har- 
risburg Car Manufacturing Company, 
with a capital of twenty-five thousand 
dollars and a capacity of nine eight- 
wheel cars a week. Mr. Hildrup was 
appointed manager, and immediately a 
bright future began to dawn upon the 
new enterprise. In 1862 the company was 
reorganized with a capital of seventy-five 
thousand dollars, at the same time taking 
a new departure which greatly augmented 
its production and gave employment to 
two hundred and fifty hands. In 1864 
the capital was again increased and four 
years later was raised to twelve times the 
original sum, the concern then employing 
over a thousand men. On April 25, 1872, 
the car works were destroyed by fire, but 
this disaster served only to give oppor- 
tunity for the exercise of Mr. Hildrup's 
wonderful fortitude and indomitable en- 
ergy. A temporary structure was erected 
and within ninety days after the fire the 
company was turning out ten finished 
eight-wheeled cars daily. 

When Mr. Hildrup first went to Har- 
risburg he found little mechanical skill 



among its artisans, and during the winter 
of l8 53"54 he established a free school for 
the instruction of the young men in the 
company's service in free-hand and me- 
chanical drawing. He also adopted a sys- 
tem of partial weekly payments and credit 
concessions involving cooperation in the 
purchase of the necessaries of life. This 
care for the interests of his employees 
greatly endeared him to them and they 
constantly manifested toward him a sin- 
cere respect and loyal regard. In illness 
their expenses were paid, and those in- 
jured in the discharge of their duty at 
the works received special care. 

The Civil War brought more conspicu- 
ously into play Mr. Hildrup's admirable 
judgment and rare clarity of vision. 
When Harrisburg was threatened with 
invasion he it was who planned fortifica- 
tions and selected their sites. He was 
also associated during the war with his 
friend William Calder, in supplying the 
government with horses and mules. It is 
estimated that, during the four years of 
the war, he delivered to the government 
forty-two thousand horses, sixty-seven 
thousand mules and five thousand head 
of oxen. 

While never failing in the duties of a 
public-spirited citizen, Mr. Hildrup al- 
ways steadily refused to become a can- 
didate for office. He was a member of 
the Protestant Episcopal church, cooper- 
ating earnestly in its charities and liber- 
ally aiding its institutions. Notwithstand- 
ing the fact that he was the largest owner 
in all branches of the Harrisburg Car 
Works, Mr. Hildrup was, it has been said, 
the hardest-working man in the estab- 
lishment. The assistance he rendered in 
building up the manufacturing interests 
of Harrisburg is well nigh incalculable. 
Not his city only, however, but the entire 
State, felt his influence, and the forces he 



275 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



set in motion have been, as the years went 
on, increasingly fruitful. 

Mr. Hildrup married (first), October 
22, 1845, Harriet E., daughter of Colonel 
John B. and Clarissa (Stanley) Essel- 
tyne, of Cape Vincent, Jefferson county, 
New York, and niece of the Hon. Orville 
Hungerford, a prominent banker and rail- 
road man of Watertown, New York. The 
Esseltynes are an old and influential fam- 
ily of Jefferson county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hildrup were the parents of six children, 
one of them a son, William Thomas, 
whose biography and portrait follow. 
Mrs. Hildrup, a woman of lovely person- 
ality, passed away on February 6, 1875. 
Mr. Hildrup married (second), in Octo- 
ber, 1876, Emma J. Piper, of Philadelphia. 
She died January 4, 1919. In Mr. Hil- 
drup's character love of home and family 
was always a dominant trait, and in the 
exercise of hospitality he found one of 
his chief pleasures. 

On January 21, 1909, this able and use- 
ful man was gathered to his fathers. His 
passing removed one of the foremost 
figures in the manufacturing circles of 
Harrisburg and Pennsylvania, and mul- 
titudes mourned him, for in every class 
in the community he numbered sincere 
and loyal friends. The career of William 
Thomas Hildrup speaks for itself. His 
deeds are more eloquent than words. His 
record belongs among those of the repre- 
sentative men of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania. 



HILDRUP, William Thomas, Jr., 

Manufacturer, Financier. 

Eastern Pennsylvania has no more ag- 
gressive business man than William 
Thomas Hildrup, Jr., secretary, treasurer 
and general manager of the Harrisburg 
Pipe and Pipe Bending Company, and of- 



ficially connected with various other im- 
portant business enterprises. Mr. Hildrup 
is also associated with a number of the 
other leading interests of Harrisburg, and 
is active in Masonic affairs and in club 
circles. 

William Thomas Hildrup, Jr., was 
born January 19, 1862, in Harrisburg, 
and is a son of William Thomas and Har- 
riet E. (Esseltyne) Hildrup. William 
Thomas Hildrup was educated in private 
schools of his native city and at a private 
boarding school at West Chester, Penn- 
sylvania, where he spent three years. At 
the age of sixteen he entered the scien- 
tific department of the University of 
Pennsylvania, graduating in 1882 with the 
degree of Bachelor of Science. In 1885 
he received the post-graduate degree of 
Mechanical Engineer, the first ever con- 
ferred by the University of Pennsylvania. 

Immediately after his graduation in 
1882, Mr. Hildrup became associated with 
his father in the Harrisburg Car Manu- 
facturing Company, holding first the of- 
fices of assistant general superintendent 
and engineer and later those of secretary 
and assistant treasurer. He maintained 
his connection with this concern until its 
dissolution which was caused by the fail- 
ure of the firm of Baring Brothers in 
1888. Animated with the spirit of enter- 
prise which has always formed a part of 
his character Mr. Hildrup, without delay, 
turned his attention to a new undertaking. 
In association with David E. Tracy and 
J. Hervey Patton he engaged in the manu- 
facture of pipe coils and refrigerating ap- 
pliances under the name of the Harris- 
burg Pipe Bending Company, Limited, 
holding the offices of secretary, treasurer 
and director. In December, 1899, the 
business was incorporated under the name 
of the Harrisburg Pipe and Pipe Bending 
Company, Mr. Hildrup continuing to fill 



276 




fl 



V 




ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the same offices until 1914. In that year 
Mr. Patton, by disposing of his interests, 
terminated his connection with the com- 
pany and Mr. Hildrup while retaining 
the offices already mentioned, became, in 
addition, general manager of the business. 

The Harrisburg Pipe and Pipe Bending 
Company furnishes an illustration of the 
possibilities of small beginnings when 
their development is entrusted to the right 
hands. The enterprise started with six 
men and in 1899, at the time of its incor- 
poration, employed about seven hundred. 
It now employs two thousand eight hun- 
dred. As general manager Mr. Hildrup 
has closed for the firm all contracts for 
export and all contracts for business with 
the departments of the Federal govern- 
ment and the British and French govern- 
ments. He has personally solicited and 
has obtained the largest orders ever filled 
in Harrisburg, all of which goes to show 
that the company is very largely indebted 
to its general manager for the substan- 
tial and constantly-increasing prosperity 
which has produced its present flourish- 
ing condition. 

In all that makes for civic improvement 
Mr. Hildrup is unceasingly active. For 
years he has been a director and is now 
the principal stockholder of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Harrisburg, and a director 
of the Commonwealth Trust Company of 
Harrisburg and the North American Oil 
and Refining Corporation of Oklahoma 
and Texas. He is vice-president and di- 
rector of the Harrisburg Hotel Company, 
which is now erecting in that city the 
handsome Penn-Harris Hotel, destined, 
when finished, to be one of the finest in 
the United States. 

In politics Mr. Hildrup is an Independ- 
ent Republican, holding steadily aloof 
from office-seeking and office-holding, but 
always public-spirited and patriotic. He 



has served as chairman of the first and 
second campaigns of the Red Cross War 
Fund, and it was very largely owing to 
his efforts that Harrisburg, in raising its 
allottment, went triumphantly "over the 
top." Since 1904 Mr. Hildrup has been 
secretary and vestryman, and is now jun- 
ior warden, of St. Stephen's Protestant 
Episcopal Church. He is one of the gov- 
ernors of the Harrisburg Hospital. He 
is a thirty-second degree Mason, affiliat- 
ing with Perseverance Lodge, No. 21, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Harris- 
burg, and is also a member of Zembo 
Temple of the Shrine. He is a charter 
member of the Harrisburg Club, and 
member of the India House and Bankers' 
Club of New York City and the Univer- 
sity Club of Philadelphia, also the Beta 
Theta Phi fraternity of the University 
of Pennsylvania. His personality and 
appearance are those of the typical 
aggressive, live-wire business man of 
Eastern Pennsylvania — broad-gauge and 
genial, a man of many interests and hosts 
of friends. 

On June 22, 1898, Mr. Hildrup mar- 
ried, in Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania, 
Florence Nightingale, daughter of Dr. 
William A. and Maria (Derland) Houck, 
of Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Mrs. Hildrup 
is a cultured woman of attractive person- 
ality, and she and her husband delight in 
gathering about them at their hospitable 
fireside the inner circle of their chosen 
friends. 

Mr. Hildrup has achieved much and his 
record will endure, but many years of ac- 
tivity and usefulness still lie before him 
and his past gives assurance that the 
future will find him fully equal, either as 
business man or citizen, to any task or 
opportunity which may come to him in 
these "times that try men's souls." 



277 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



STARKEY, W. P., 

Manufacturer. 

Prominent among the younger genera- 
tion of manufacturers who are infusing 
into Harrisburg the element of youthful 
vigor and enthusiasm, is W. P. Starkey, 
general superintendent and director of 
the Harrisburg Pipe and Pipe Bending 
Company. Mr. Starkey has thoroughly 
identified himself with a number of Har- 
risburg's leading interests, entering into 
their promotion with the same aggress- 
iveness that characterizes him in all that 
he undertakes. 

The Starkey family is of Norman ori- 
gin, and has from early times been set- 
tled in England. Among the families of 
this name in England are the Starkeys 
of Wrenbury Hall, County Chester; 
Starkie, of Huntroyde, County Lancas- 
ter ; Starkey family of County Warwick ; 
and others. The family came to England 
with William the Conqueror at the time 
of the Norman invasion, and received 
grants of lands. A Sir Humphrey Starkey 
was Chief Baron of the Exchequer, ap- 
pointed by patents dated I Edward V. 
and i Richard III. Hugh Starkey was 
gentleman-usher to Henry VIII., and 
Oliver Starkey was a Knight of Malta, 
and afterward Grand Prior of the Order. 
Nicholas Starkey served in the Parlia- 
mentary army in 1643, an d was dis- 
patched from Preston after the surrender 
of that place, to take Hoghton Tower, 
which he did. The name is spelled vari- 
ously Starkey, Starkie and Starky. The 
Starkey arms are as follows : 

Arms — Barry of ten argent and gules, a stork 
sable, beaked and legged of the second, on a 
canton of the third a fleur-de-lis of the first. 

Crest— A stork's head erased per pale argent 
and sable, in the beak a snake vert. 

(I) Jacob Starkey, of the English fam- 
ily of this name, early came to the Prov- 



ince of Pennsylvania, settling in what 
afterwards became Bucks county. His 
wife's name was Mary. He was a man 
of prominence in his section. Children of 
Jacob and Mary Starkey: Elizabeth, 
born May 12, 1763; Sarah, born June 17, 
1765; Thomas, born October 8, 1768, see 
below; John, born February 15, 1772; 
Mary, born December 13, 1775 ; Phania, 
born November 15, 1778. 

(II) Thomas, son of Jacob and Mary 
Starkey, was born in Bucks county, Penn- 
sylvania, October 8, 1768; married, Feb- 
ruary 16, 1792, Achsa Tudor, of Bucks 
county, Pennsylvania (a descendant of 
the Scottish family of Tudor), and their 
children were: Elizabeth, born June 22, 
1793, died August 13, 1793; Mary, born 
March 3, 1794; Achsa, born May 31, 
1796; Daniel, born August 25, 1798; 
Letitia, born February 1, 1803; Eliza- 
beth, born March 5, 1805; Sarah, born 
December 20, 1809; Thomas, born July 
6, 1812 ; Jonathan W., born May 14, 1814. 
Thomas Starkey, the father, died August 
4, 1849, at the home of his son Daniel, 
near Bustleton, Pennsylvania, suburb of 
Philadelphia, aged 80 years, 9 months and 
27 days. His wife was born February 14, 
1773, died March 14, 1833, she a daugh- 
ter of George and Elizabeth Tudor. 

(III) Daniel, son of Thomas and Achsa 
(Tudor) Starkey, was born at Oxford 
Valley, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, Au- 
gust 25, 1798, and died May 24, 1891. He 
was educated in the schools of his sec- 
tion and early learned the trade of coach- 
making. He later settled at Bustleton, 
Pennsylvania, where he pursued his busi- 
ness in a large way, but was financially 
involved by a partner. A man of much 
force of character, he was active in all 
that tended to advance the interests of 
his section. Deeply interested in religion, 
he started Methodist churches at Lang- 
home and Bustleton. He purchased a 



278 




u^JkiM^ 



! 




zZpkmJ' 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



large tract of farming land in Philadel- 
phia, now in the possession of his de- 
scendants. Daniel Starkey married Jane 
Yerkes, daughter of Jacob and Mary 
(Banes) Yerkes, and granddaughter of 
Anthony and Mary (Harper) Yerkes. 
Mary (Banes) Yerkes, born March 4, 
1774, died November 13, 1848, the wife 
of Jacob Yerkes, (he born January 19, 
1776, died February 28, 1846), was the 
daughter of Seth and Elizabeth Banes. 
The Yerkes family made their appear- 
ance in Bucks county, Pennsylvania, 
about the year 1700, locating in War- 
minster township, where they purchased 
land. The name Yerkes is probably of 
Holland-Dutch origin, and has been vari- 
ously spelled Jerghes, Gerghes, Gerches, 
Yerkes. About the year 1700, two broth- 
ers Yerkes came from Europe and located 
on the Schuylkill river: Anthony and 
Herman, or Harmon; they were natural- 
ized in 1729; Harmon finally settled on 
the Pennypack creek in Moreland town- 
ship, Montgomery county, near Shel- 
mire's Mill; he had two sons, Harman 
and Anthony ; Harmon married and had 
eight sons ; Anthony married and had 
seven children, four sons and three 
daughters. The Yerkes family furnished 
a number of soldiers in the Revolutionary 
War. Jane (Yerkes) Starkey, the wife 
of Daniel Starkey, was born at Hunting- 
don Valley, Montgomery county, Penn- 
sylvania, near the "Lady Washington 
Hotel," December 15, 1800, died Febru- 
ary, 1892. Children of Daniel and Jane 
(Yerkes) Starkey: Elizabeth Banes, 
born November 3, 1823, deceased ; William 
Headley, born September 9, 1825, living 
in Torresdale, Pennsylvania; Thomas, 
born October 22, 1828, deceased ; Caro- 
line, born February 4, 1830, deceased ; 
John Fletcher, born April 6, 1832, de- 
ceased; Samuel Cox, born April 28, 1834, 
see below; Achsa (twin), born October 



18, 1836, widow of Jesse Rennard, of 
Phoenixville, Pennsylvania ; Mary (twin), 
born October 18, 1836, deceased; Mary 
Jane Smith, born January 18, 1839, 
widow of Peter Otto, Germantown, Phil- 
adelphia; Daniel Seth, born February 21, 
1 841, living in Bustleton, Pennsylvania; 
Anna James, born March 3, 1843, wife 0I 
Joseph G. Rennard, of Phoenixville, Penn- 
sylvania. 

(IV) Samuel Cox, son of Daniel and 
Jane (Yerkes) Starkey, was born at Bus- 
tleton, Pennsylvania, April 28, 1834. His 
education was obtained in the schools of 
Bustleton, and he then learned the coach- 
making trade with Amos Gregg, but later 
took up farming, which he pursued with 
great success until his retirement in 1898, 
cultivating the land that came to him 
from his father's estate. In politics Mr. 
Starkey is a staunch Democrat, but has 
never held office. He is a member of the 
Bustleton Methodist Episcopal Church, 
which was founded by his father. He 
married (first) February 22, 1872, Emma 
Jane, daughter of Jesse and Sarah Ann 
(Taylor) Dungan, of Philadelphia, and 
they were the parents of the following 
children : Samuel Herbert, of Bustleton, 
Pennsylvania; Elizabeth Dungan, wife 
of William Humphreys Garrigues, of 
Germantown, Philadelphia; William Paul, 
see below. The death of Mrs. Starkey 
occurred April 20, 1892, and Mr. Starkey 
married (second) in Bustleton, Pennsyl- 
vania, August 15, 1894, Miss Virginia 
Byers, daughter of Joseph and Frances 
(Bartlette) Byers, of Philadelphia. 

(V) William Paul, son of Samuel Cox 
and Emma Jane (Dungan) Starkey, was 
born March 9, 1879, in Bustleton, Phila- 
delphia. His education was received in 
the public schools and at the Northeast 
Manual Training High School, Philadel- 
phia. He later graduated from Lehigh 
University with the class of 1900, degree 



279 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



of Mechanical Engineer. For six months 
he held the position of electrical engineer 
in the Boys' High School, Philadelphia, 
after which he was employed in the plant 
of William Cramp & Sons' Ship and En- 
gine Building Company as a draughtsman 
for a short time, after which he was for 
a year with the Pencoyd Iron Works. 

In 1901 Mr. Starkey came to Harris- 
burg, Pennsylvania, where he entered the 
employ of the Harrisburg Pipe and Pipe 
Bending Company as draughtsman. His 
ability was soon recognized, and he suc- 
cessively filled the positions of chief 
draughtsman, chief engineer, assistant 
general superintendent, and later be- 
came general superintendent and director, 
which position he is now filling. This 
concern is one of the largest enterprises 
of its kind in America, and has a national 
reputation for the superiority of its pro- 
ducts, which includes, at present (1918) 
munitions for the United States govern- 
ment and her allies. 

Mr. Starkey is influentially known in 
various concerns, serving as director of 
the First National Bank of Harrisburg, 
Harrisburg Trust Company, Chamber of 
Commerce of Harrisburg; vice-president 
and director of the Starkey Produce Com- 
pany of Philadelphia; director of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. He 
is also a large stockholder in various finan- 
cial and industrial institutions through- 
out Eastern Pennsylvania. His clubs 
number the Harrisburg Club, the Coun- 
try Club of Harrisburg, of which he is 
also a director ; Colonial Country Club of 
Harrisburg, University Club of Central 
Pennsylvania, and he is a member of the 
Engineers' Society of Pennsylvania. He 
is also a member of the Alumni Associa- 
tion of Lehigh University. Mr. Starkey 
is a member and trustee of Grace Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, and a liberal but 
unostentatious giver to charity. Polit- 



ically he is an Independent. Keenly 
public-spirited, nothing that makes for 
the advancement of Harrisburg finds him 
unresponsive, and he serves as chairman 
of the Industrial Campaign, United War 
Work. In the Masonic fraternity Mr. 
Starkey has attained to the Thirty-second 
degree, being a member of Harrisburg 
Lodge, No. 629, Harrisburg Consistory, 
Pilgrim Commandery, Knights Templar, 
and Zembo Shrine. 

On July 14, 1902, Mr. Starkey married 
Miss Gertrude C, daughter of the late 
John and Emma Rankey, of South Beth- 
lehem, Pennsylvania, and they are the 
parents of the following children: 1. 
Austin Clarence, born June 11, 1903. 2. 
William Paul, Jr., born August 27, 1904. 
3. Samuel Arthur, born May 26, 1908. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Starkey are active 
socially, and their home is the seat of a 
gracious hospitality. Mrs. Starkey is a 
member of the Civic Club, the Young 
Women's Christian Association, advisory 
board of the Y. M. C. A.; member of 
the Wednesday Club, Country Club of 
Harrisburg, and serves as treasurer of 
Grace Methodist Episcopal Church Red 
Cross Auxiliary. 

Gifted in manner, disposition and taste, 
enterprising and original in business 
ideas, personally liked most by those who 
know him best, and as frank in declar- 
ing his principles as he is sincere in main- 
taining them, the career of W. P. Starkey 
has been rounded with success and 
marked by the appreciation of men whose 
good opinion is best worth having. 



GAERTNER, Frederick, 

Physician, Surgeon and Pathologist. 

A man of international reputation and 
a thorough American requires no intro- 
duction in a work of this character, and 
therefore, the biographer, in inscribing 




^K ^^^O^^^ &ZZ^^£>z^^ 



! 




daertner 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



the name of Dr. Frederick Gaertner, of 
Pittsburgh, simply announces a physician 
and surgeon eminent on two continents. 
Dr. Gaertner has a world-wide renown as 
a microscopist, scientist and author, and 
is frequently called in consultation, and 
especially into court as an expert witness 
in cases of medico-legal complications ; 
both the learned council and opposing 
physicians respect his great ability as a 
man of extraordinary learning. 

Frederick Gaertner, father of Dr. Fred- 
erick Gaertner, of Pittsburgh, was a na- 
tive of Germany, and in 1848 emigrated 
to the United States, settling first in St. 
Louis, Missouri, but becoming, after a 
few years, a citizen of Illinois. He mar- 
ried Rebecca Elizabeth Bauer. Mr. Gaert- 
ner, who was a relative of the distin- 
guished anatomist of the same name, was 
a representative of an ancient and honor- 
able family entitled to display the follow- 
ing escutcheon: 

Arms — Quarterly, one and four azure, an an- 
chor or in bend sinister two and three or, a bend 
gules charged with three fleurs-de-lis of the sec- 
ond, posed bendwise. Helmet ducally crowned. 

Crest — Three lilies proper, slipped and leaved 
vert. 

Mantling — Dexter, or and azure. Sinister, ar- 
gent and gules. 

Frederick (2) Gaertner, son of Fred- 
erick (1) and Rebecca Elizabeth (Bauer) 
Gaertner, was born July 25, i860, at Ed- 
wardsville, Madison county, Illinois, and 
received his earliest education in the pub- 
lic school at old Fort Russell, in his native 
county. Afterward he attended for a time, 
the St. Louis High School, and in 1875 
entered Mound City College, St. Louis, 
graduating in 1879 with the degree of 
Bachelor of Science. The same year he 
matriculated in the medical department 
of Washington University, St. Louis, the 
late John T. Hodgen, the eminent sur- 
geon, being then at the head of the fac- 



ulty. In 1882 the university conferred 
upon Dr. Gaertner the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. His summer vacations were 
devoted to study, being spent in the of- 
fice of his preceptor, Dr. Joseph Pogue, of 
Edwardsville, Illinois, and he also re- 
ceived instruction and attended clinics at 
St. John's, Sisters' and St. Louis City 
Hospitals. 

Immediately after his graduation Dr. 
Gaertner went abroad for further training 
in medicine, surgery and pathology, but 
especially for the purpose of gaining a 
thorough knowledge of the use of the 
microscope. He studied at the Konig- 
lichen-Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitat zu 
Berlin and took private and special 
courses with Professors Virchow, von 
Langenbeck, Schroder, Westphal, Martin, 
Fritsch, Du Bois Raymond, Liebrich, 
Guttman and others. With Professor von 
Langenbeck he studied surgery and sur- 
gical pathology, and from Virchow re- 
ceived instruction in microscopy, pathol- 
ogy and pathological histology. In the 
summer vacations he obtained from Pro- 
fessor Virchow special permits to work in 
his pathological and histological labora- 
tories, where he experimented upon living 
dogs, cats and rabbits. At Berlin he at- 
tended clinics at the Koniglichen-Uni- 
versitats-Klinikum and Chirurgischen- 
Klinikum ; also at the Koniglichen-Char- 
ite-Krankenhaus. 

During the years 1883 and 1884, at Vi- 
enna, Dr. Gaertner studied medicine, sur- 
gery and microscopy, taking private and 
special courses with Professors Billroth, 
Schenk, Kundrat, Bamberger, Schnitzler, 
Gruber, Ultzman, Dittle, Braun, Kaposi 
and others. With Professors Rokitansky, 
Kundrat and their assistants, Drs. Kolisco 
and Zemann, he studied gross pathology, 
pathologic histology, microscopy and the 
technique of post mortem examinations. 
At the Kaiserlichen, Allgemeinen-Krank- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



enhaus and Allgemeinen Poliklinik and in 
dem Anatomischen Institute des Ehem- 
aligen Josephinums he received special 
permits to visit the wards regularly and 
treat the patients. From Vienna, Dr. 
Gaertner went to Strassburg to complete 
his studies with Professors von Reckling- 
hausen, Hoppe-Seyler, Schwalbe, Goltz, 
Jolly, Lucke, Schmiedberg, Freund, Kuss- 
maul, Laqueur and others. With Pro- 
fessor Hoppe-Seyler he studied histolog- 
ical and physiological-chemistry, and Pro- 
fessor von Recklinghausen permitted him 
to work with him in his private path- 
ological laboratory, also instructing him 
in pathology, pathological anatomy, path- 
ological histology, the technique of post 
mortem examinations and microscopy. 
It was under von Recklinghausen that 
Dr. Gaertner, by his original research 
work, made this remarkable discovery in 
pathology, viz. : "Ueber die Beziehung 
des Schwarzen Pigments in der Leber, 
Milz und Niere, zu den Kohlenstaubab- 
lagerungen," published at Strassburg in 
1885, copied and republished all over the 
civilized countries as "Gaertner's Discov- 
ery." Dr. Gaertner also attended the re- 
markable clinics of Professors Kussmaul 
and Lucke, at the St. Stepan Hospital, 
Strassburg. Thence he went to Paris, 
where he visited the Hospital Generale de 
Paris and Pasteur's Inoculating Institu- 
tion, going thence to London and Dublin 
whence, after visiting the hospitals, he 
returned home. 

The list of the degrees which Dr. Gaert- 
ner received from famous universities are 
very numerous; the most important in- 
clude the following : From the University 
of Vienna, in 1884, Doctor of Medicine, 
also honorary certificates of proficiency 
from all the professors at the university ; 
from the University of Strassburg, in 
1885, Master of Arts ; and Doctor of Med- 
icine; from the University of Pennsyl- 



vania, in 1886, a certificate of endorse- 
ment; from the Academie des Sciences, 
Paris, in 1889, the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws, and the same year the 
decoration of the Legion d'Honneur for 
scientific original discoveries in pathol- 
ogy. He also received, in 1882, a cer- 
tificate from the Illinois State Board of 
Health. 

On his return to the United States Dr. 
Gaertner settled in Pittsburgh, where he 
has since been continuously engaged in 
the practice of medicine, surgery and mi- 
croscopy, having attained in both to a 
position of well-merited distinction. He 
has a collection of six thousand slides of 
microscopic specimens, histological and 
pathological tissue, even embryonic tis- 
sue, which he values very highly as the 
result of his own labor. As a surgeon he 
is distinguished for boldness no less than 
skill, having successfully undertaken 
numerous capital operations, including 
laparotomies, and he was the first surgeon 
who successfully performed the first gas- 
trotomy (a resection of the pyloric end 
of the stomach) in the United States of 
America for cancer. He is a great advo- 
cate of the introduction of compressed air 
into the lungs, especially by the fanning 
process. He claims to have thus kept 
alive for days and hours patients in a con- 
dition of extreme weakness and even in a 
state of collapse. Several years ago Dr. 
Gaertner was offered by two different 
medical institutions the Chair of Path- 
ology and Pathological Histology, but in 
both instances declined the honor. 

In politics Dr. Gaertner is a Republican. 
He belongs to the Pittsburgh Academy of 
Science and Art, the Iron City Micro- 
scopical Society, the American Society of 
Microscopists, and American Association 
for the Advancement of Science ; honor- 
ary member of the German Society of 
Physicians and Surgeons of Vienna, Ber- 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



lin and Strassburg, and is also correspond- 
ing physician to the Strassburg Patho- 
logical Society. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian church ; however, of late 
years, he became a devout Catholic. 

As a writer, observer and investigator, 
Dr. Gaertner is famed in both hemi- 
spheres, all his work and original papers 
being based upon the highest scientific 
advancement and characterized by force 
and terseness of expression. He was ed- 
itor of several scientific magazines and 
journals and associate editor of the "Den- 
tal and Surgical Microcosm," the "Inter- 
national Journal of Microscopy and Nat- 
ural Science," and the "Observer," an- 
other microscopical journal of Portland, 
Connecticut. He was also collaborator of 
the "Bacteriological World," of Battle 
Creek, Michigan. He is the author of 
many scientific papers, the following be- 
ing the most important : 

(I) "The Causes of the Deposits of 
Black Pigment in the Liver, Spleen and 
Kidneys." (II) "Concerning the Causes 
of Anthracotic Lymphadentis." (Ill) 
"Hyperplasia and Hyperthropic Lymph- 
adentis at the Base of the Lungs." (IV) 
"Anthracotic Metastasis (Gaertner)." (V) 
"How and by What Methods and 
Through What Channels Infectious Dis- 
eases are Contracted," 1890. (VI) "The 
Scientific Rules and the Application of 
the Haemometer," 1890-1893. (VII) 
"The Causes of Thrombosis and Embol- 
ism,." (VIII) "The Result of Patholog- 
ical Changes in the Blood, called Syrupy- 
Stringy-Blood (Gaertner's)," 1892 and 
1895. (IX) "Scientific Study and Inves- 
tigation of Puerperal-Pyaemia," 1901. 
(X) "The Causes and the Successful 
Treatment of Cancer," 1904. (XI) "The 
Causes of Dropsies, Its Cure," 1905. 
(XII) "Experimental Tests and the Phy- 
siological Action of Anasarcin," 1906. 



(XIII) "The Origin of Man and His Des- 
tiny," 1907. (XIV-XV) "Lymphadentis 
due to the Absorption from the Tissues of 
the Lungs of Inorganic Foreign Sub- 
stances and its Deposition into the 
Lymph Nodes at the Hilus of the Lungs," 
1889 and 1907. (XVI) "What is Syrupy- 
Stringy-Blood? (Gaertner)" 1907. (XVII). 
"Inorganic Metastasis of the Liver, Spleen 
and Kidneys, due to Deposits of Minute 
Particles of Iron and Steel Ore Dust, also 
Sand, Stone, Bone, Wood, Charcoal, Cin- 
ders, Coal-dust and Soot," 1908, (XVIII) 
"Experimental Investigations and Path- 
ological Researches on the Cause of Can- 
cer. (XIX) Its Intracellular Pathology in 
Cancer, produced by a nitrogenized auto- 
intoxicated lymph." (XX) "Cancer, in- 
cipiency, is a localized Chemico-Hyper- 
Stimulated toxic lymph process." (XXI) 
"Experimental and Vivisectional Re- 
searches, with Minute Chemical and 
Pathological Observations on Cancer." 
(XXII) "When and how does the Pre- 
cancerous state become Cancerous? Is 
it stimulation, degeneration or regenera- 
tion ?" 

Recently Dr. Gaertner has written sev- 
eral articles of length, including the fol- 
lowing: "Concerning the Differentiation 
of Black Pigment in the Liver, Spleen 
and Kidneys from Coal-Dust Deposits." 
"Concerning the Rules and Application 
of Reichert's Haemometer." "The Mic- 
roscope the Principal Factor in Discrim- 
inating Medical, Medico-Legal and Legal 
Complications." "Vivisections" (Ameri- 
can Naturalist). "The Unavoidable Ap- 
plication of the Haemometer in the Dif- 
ferentiation of Surgical and Gynaecol- 
ogical Complications." "Hayes' Process 
of Generating and Applying Anaesthet- 
ics." "Koch's Discoveries and his Cure 
for Tuberculosis." "Asiatic Cholera — Its 
Causes and Its Preventive" (in the Inter- 



283 



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY 



national Medical Magazine of January, 
1893. "The Grapho-Prism and Its Use." 
"The Microscope" (in the October 
Arena). 

In recent years Dr. Gaertner has writ- 
ten regularly for special publication and 
his contributions to the magazines and 
scientific journals have been numerous, 
principally articles of a scientific nature, 
more especially treating on the character 
and application of the microscope in phys- 
iological and pathological-chemistry; and 
his latest research work on tuberculosis ; 
and especially in discovering the cause of 
cancer have startled the medical profes- 
sion the world over.* 

Dr. Gaertner married, July 4, 1885, in 
Strassburg, Germany, Margaret, daughter 
of Johann and Anna Maria (Kneipp 1 ) 
Semlinger, and they are the parents of 
two children: Edith, born June 10, 1886; 

*Bibliographical References. — "Eminent Amer- 
ican Physicians and Surgeons," Indianapolis, 
1889; Herringshaw's "American Biography," 1909; 
ibid, "American National Library," Vol. II, 1909; 
"Who's Who in Pennsylvania," 1907; "General 
Alumni Catalogue of Washington University," St. 
Louis, Mo., 1917; Polk's "Medical and Surgical 
Directory of the United States and Canada;" and 
"United States Directory of the American Med- 
ical Association." 

References as to scientific papers published by 
Dr. Gaertner: "Medical Record," New York; 
Strassburg "Thesis ;" "The Microscope Jour- 
nal;" "Arena;" "Dental and Surgical Microcosm;" 
"International Journal of Microscopy and Natural 
Science;" "The Observer;" "St. Louis Medical 
and Surgical Journal;" "Bacteriological World;" 
Strassburg "Pathological Journal;" "The Ameri- 
can Naturalist;" "International Medical Maga- 
zine ;" "Microscopical Journals ;" "New York 
Medical Journal;" "St. Louis Medical Review;" 
"Medical Herald;" "St. Louis Medical Journal;" 
"Virginia Medical Semi-Monthly ;" "Buffalo Med- 
ical Journal;" "New Orleans Medical and Sur- 
gical Journal;" "High Tyde;" "North American 
Review;" "American Medical Journal;" "Lancet- 
Clinic," Cincinnati. Many English, French, Ital- 
ian and German journals. 



and Edward L., born July 23, 1891. The 
Semlingers, like the Gaertners, are an old 
and distinguished family, their escutcheon 
being as follows: 

Anns — Or, a cross sable between four wyverns 
gules, the dexter claw raised. An escutcheon ar- 
gent charged with an eagle displayed sable, 
crowned or. 

Crest — A winged dragon gules, vomiting flames. 

Mantling — Dexter or and gules. Sinister ar- 
gent and sable. 

With his rare mental attributes Dr. 
Gaertner combines unusual force of char- 
acter, and this union of qualities is ex- 
pressed in his countenance. His aspect 
and manner show him to be a man of an- 
cient race who has consecrated his excep- 
tional powers to the advancement of 
science, and the betterment and higher 
education for the medical profession, plus 
one great object in view — the uplift of 
humanity. It is thus that he will be re- 
membered and that his name will be re- 
membered and inscri