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Full text of "Encyclopedia of Virginia biography, under the editorial supervision of Lyon Gardiner Tyler"

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in 2007 with funding from 

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http://www.archive.org/details/encyclopediaofvi04tyle 



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PSESIDENTOFWILLIAM AND MARY COLLEGE; ED ITOH OF TH IS WOUK 



ENCYCLOPEDIA 



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VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



UNDER THE EDITORIAL SUPERVISION OF 

LYON GARDINER TYLER, LL. D. 

President of William and Mary-College, Williamsburg ; Author of "Parties and Patronage 

in the United States," "The Cradle of the Republic," "Williamsburg, the Old 

Colonial Capital," "England in America," 'The Letters and Times of 

the Tylers," etc.; Vice-President of the Virginia Historical 

Society, Member of the Maryland Historical 

Society, and various other societies. 



VOLUME IV -^ 



NEW YORK 
LEWIS HISTORICAL PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1915 ; 



F 



THE NEW YORK- 
PUBLIC LIBraIy I 

^21608 

ASTOR, LEMox AND 
|^mDHNFO0N0AT,0N8 



Copyright, 1915 
Lewis Historical Publishing Company 



PUBLISHERS' NOTE 



In volumes I., II. and III. of this work, ■iuicyclopedia of Virginia Biography," 
the editor, Dr. Lyon G. Tyler, acted as author, and undertook to cover the history of 
Virginia through biographies of its eminent citizens. He was candid in sayuig that 
he did not assume to set forth all the men uf prominence that figured in that wide 
field of centuries of human effort. Probably this was impossible under any circum- 
stances. His labors are supplemented with volumes IV. and V., which will doubtless 
be generally regarded as a valuable adjunct to those which precede them. In regard 
tt. these volumes, Dr Tyler has only acted as general editor, and is not responsible 
for any of the sketches, or facts contained in them. This department has been pre- 
pared in large part by our regular staff writers, written from data obtained from reli- 
able sources, or, in most instances, furnished liy members of the family in interest. In 
all cases the sketch was submitted in typewritten form to the proper representative 
for inspection and revision. 

The publishers desire to express their obligations, for encouragement and aid, to 
Dr. Lyon G. Tyler, and also to Capt. William Gordon McCabe, president of Virginia 
Historical Society; Hon. William E. Cameron, former governor of Virginia; Hon. 
Armistead C. Gordon, rector of University of Virginia, chairman of State Library Board 
of Virginia; Hon. Wm. A. Anderson, member of executive committee of the Virginia 
Historical Society ; Hon. Rorer A. James, president of board of visitors of Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute ; Rt. Rev. Beverley D. Tucker, D. D., Bishop Coadjutor, Episcopal Diocese, 
Southern \irginia ; Rev. C. Braxton Bryan. D. D., rector of Grace Church, Peters- 
burg; and Prof. E. H. Russell, president of State Normal and Industrial School for 
Women The Publishers. 



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VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 




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VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Robert Alonzo Brock. To enumerate 
the activities of Mr. Brock would require a 
volume, so long continued and valuable has 
been his public service. No historian of the 
future, writing of Richmond or Virginia, 
but will be indebted to him for painstaking, 
well-preserved search. He is passionately 
devoted to everything that bears upon the 
antieiuities of the state, and no man of his 
day has done more to promote their inves- 
tigation and study. Eleven volumes of the 
reports of the Virginia Historical Society 
bear his name as secretary of that society, 
as secretary of the Southern Historical So- 
ciety his work has been valuable, and as 
historian and register of the \^irginia So- 
ciety of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion, he has rendered a service that will 
never be forgotten. As business man, an- 
tiquarian, historian and genealogist, his 
whole career has been connected with the 
city of Richmond, although since 1881 he 
has surrendered all other interests to devote 
himself to study and research among the 
records and antiquities of Virginia. He is 
a member of seventy of the learned socie- 
ties of the United States and Europe, his 
reputation far overreaching state bounds. 
When Junin W'inson was preparing his now 
standard reference work, "Narrative and 
Critical History of America," Mr. Brock 
was selected to write the chajjters on Vir- 
ginia. A notable feature of his work was 
his connection with the "Richmond Stand- 
ard" as associate editor, 1879 to 1882. 

Robert .A.lonzo Brock was born in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, March 9, 1839, son of 
Robert King lirock. born 1801, and Eliza- 
beth Mildred (Raglandl Brock, both of 
Hanover county. Virginia, paternal grand- 
son of John Phillips Brock, maternal grand- 
son of Fendall Ragland. The Raglands de- 
scend from John and Anne (Beaufort) Rag- 
land, who came from Glamorganshire, 
Wales, in 1720, and settled in what is now 
Hanover county, Virginia, then a part of 
New Kent county. Robert King Brock was 
-a prosperous merchant of Richmond, a man 



of noble and upright character, whose in- 
fluence over his son was most beneficial. 
His wife was also a woman of strong char- 
acter, and in the training of her son devel- 
oped those traits that have been prominent 
in securing him recognition as the highest 
authority of Virginia antiquities, early his- 
tory and family pedigrees. 

As a boy, Robert A. Brock was passion- 
ately fond of reading, and early developed a 
love of antiquities. At the age of thirteen he 
left school, entering the employ of uncles en- 
gaged heavil}' in the lumber business, using 
his wages in the purchase of books of vari- 
ous kinds. He later engaged in business for 
himself, but when war broke out between 
the states he enlisted in the First Company, 
Twenty-first Regiment Virginia Infantry, 
serving actively one year, being connected 
with Winder Hospital during the remainder 
of the cruel struggle. He returned to mer- 
cantile life after the war, engaging in the 
lumber Inisiness from 1865 to 1881 with con- 
siderable success. In 1875 '"i^ was elected 
corresponding secretary of the Virginia 
Historical Society, and in 1881 retired from 
business to devote himself entirely to study 
and research. In 1887 he was elected sec- 
retary of the Southern Historical Society, 
which position he yet retains. From 1879 
to 1883 he was associate editor of the "Rich- 
mond Standard." He retired from the sec- 
retarial position he held in the Virginia His- 
torical Society in 1893, but the eleven vol- 
umes of the reports of that society that he 
prepared will forever link his name with the 
society and perpetuate his fame among stu- 
dents of Virginia history. His work as 
secretary of the Southern Historical Society 
has been equally valuable, twenty-two 
volumes of its reports, and many of the 
otherwise unpublished details of the great 
civil war have been preserved by him in the 
society records. A wonderful, valuable col- 
lection of newspaper cuttings, relating to the 
war. has been preserved by Mr. Brock, by 
pasting them on substantial paper and bind- 
ing in book form. The writings of Mr. Brock 



\IRG1NIA BIOGRAPHY 



are man_\-. chiefly historical and genealogi- 
cal The card index of the Virginia State 
Library devotes twenty-three cards to the 
enumeration of his books and pamphlets, 
while the "Richmond Standard" was en- 
riched by his many contributions during 
his three years' associate editorship. His 
library is the envy and delight of historians 
and students of history, the term "book 
miser" having been applied to JMr. Brock by 
a witty friend. He has material, about 
ready, for a history of Virginia, and should 
such a history be issued in his thorough 
painstaking style, it will be of incalculable 
value. As historian and register of the Vir- 
ginia Society, Sons of the American Revo- 
lution, since its inception in iS8o, he is now 
its secretary. His honorary membership in 
the William and Mary chapter of the fam- 
ous Phi Beta Kappa Society was conferred 
in partial recognition of his abilities and 
invaluable service to his city and state. 
His membership in about seventy learned 
societies of the United States, Canada and 
Europe have been many of them conferred 
in recognition of his high standing. He is 
also a member of the Alasonic order and is 
past worshipful master of his lodge. 

Mr. Brock married (first) April 29. 1869. 
in Richmond. Sallie Kidd Haw, born in 
Hanover county, Virginia, July 13, 1835, of 
English descent, died February 6. 1887, 
leaving two children: Elizabeth Carrington 
and Ann Beaufort. He married (second) 
Lucy Ann Peters, born in Richmond, De- 
cember 15, 1855. daughter of Walter S. 
Peters, a merchant of Richmond, and his 
wife, Victoria (Jackson) Peters. Child by 
second marriage: Robert Alonzo (2), now 
a law student at Richmond College. The 
family home is at Xo. 517 \\'est Marshall 
street, Richmond. 

William de Leftwich-Dodge, a native of 
Virginia, is descended from one of the old- 
est American families which located first in 
New England. This name has been traced 
to a remote period in England, and has been 
very widely distributed throughout the 
United States, beginning with the earliest 
settlement of the New England colonies. 
It has been distinguished in law and letters, 
in divinity, in war, in politics and in every 
leading activity of the human family, and is 
still identified with the progress of events 
in New England and other states. It has 



turned out from Harvard nineteen gradu- 
ates, from Yale a dozen, from Dartmouth 
ten, from the University of Vermont ten, 
from Columbia College eight. Union Col- 
lege six, Andover Theological Seminars- 
five. Bowdoin College five. University of 
Wisconsin five. Brown University three. 
Colby University three. Williams College 
two, and Middlebury College one. The 
records of the Colleges of Heraldry in Eng- 
land show that a coat-of-arms was granted 
to Peter Dodge, of Stockworth, county of 
Chester, in 1306, and later a patent to John 
Dodge, of Rotham, in the county of Kent, 
in 154O. It is declared that he was de- 
scended from Peter Dodge, of Stockworth. 
The name is found frequently in various 
sections of England, and in the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries there were 
Dodges of honoral)le character and connec- 
tion in the counties of Cheshire. Kent, Nor- 
folk and Down. On May 11, 1629, there 
sailed from the harl)or of Yarmouth, Eng- 
land, the "Talbot," a vessel of three hun- 
dred tons, and the "Lion's \Mielp," a neat 
and nimble ship of one hundred and twenty 
tons, and they arrived at Salem, Massachu- 
setts, on the June 29 following. This marks 
the arrival of the first of the name of Dodge 
in America. 

Tristram Dodge, described as "a fisher- 
man formerly of New Foundland," was 
one of the fifteen heads of families who 
settled Block Island, politically described 
as the town of New Shoreham in the 
state of Rhode Island. He sailed from 
Taunton, Massachusetts, with the others in 
April, 1 661, and received a grant of three 
acres of land, southeast of the harbor on 
Block Island. It is apparent that his occu- 
pation was that of a fisherman after his ar- 
rival there, as these small grants were made 
for the purpose of encouraging fisheries. He 
must have been a native of North England, 
as it is found that his sons came from that 
region near the river Tweed in 1667, and 
settled on Block Island, where they were 
made freemen, July 2, 1670. Tristram 
Dodge was made a freeman of the colony, 
-^lay 4, 1664, and was a sergeant of the local 
militia in 1676. He was dead in 1720, at 
which time the records show his estate as 
intestate. 

\\illiam Dodge, fourth " son of Tris- 
tram Dodge, was made a freeman in July. 
1670, in New Shoreham. He married 



\IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



Sarah, daug^hter of Peter and Alary George. 
Their son, Samuel Dodge, born Septenil)er 
0. 1691. settled about 1718 at Cow Neck, in 
tlie town of Hempstead, on Long Island. 
His will proved March 25, 1761, names his 
wife Elizabeth and several sons and daugh- 
ters. The second son, Jeremiah Dodge, 
was born in May, 1716. and engaged in 
business in New York City. In 1745 a 
])rayer meeting was held in his house, which 
resulted in the organization of the First 
liaptist Church in New York City. In 1753 
this body occupied a rigging loft on \\'il- 
liam street, and purchased a lot on John 
street in 1760, on which a church was sub- 
sequently erected. Jeremiah Dodge mar- 
ried, October 6, 1737, Margaret \ anderbilt, 
daughter of John and Margaret Vanderbilt. 
and descended from .\ert Van Der P>ilt, who 
li\ed in Utrecht, Holland. Jan Aertson 
(that is son of Aert) \^an Der Bilt, came to 
America and was residing in New York 
as early as 1650. After 1663 he removed 
to Matbush, and about thirty years later to 
Bergen, New Jersey, where he died Febru- 
ar}- 2, 1703. 

John Dodge, eldest child of Jeremiah 
and Margaret (\ anderbilt) Dodge, was 
born February 22, 1739, probably in New 
York, and died .\pril 13, 1816. He was 
a clergyman of the Baptist church located 
at Pleasant Valley, Dutchess county. New 
York. He married (third) October 13. 1777, 
Keziah Newcomb. born November 7, 1758, 
died February i. 1814. By his three wives 
he had sixteen children, all but four being 
children of the third wife. 

l"he ninth of these. C\ renus Newcomb 
Dodge, was born .\ugust 13, 1794. and 
died February 14, 1863. He married, Jan- 
uary I. 1817, Margaret Dodge, born Octo- 
ber 23, 1787, died February 27,. 1863, senior 
daughter of Jeremiah (2) and Sarah ( Frost 1 
Dodge, and granddaughter of Jeremiah ( i ) 
Dodge, above mentioned. He was among 
the first founders of the First Baptist 
Church in New York. Children of Cyrenus 
Xewcomb Dodge: Sarah J., born October. 
1817, married Charles I'>. Knudsen ; Mar- 
garet, died two weeks old ; Margaret E.. 
l)orn March 25, 1822. married Joseph ¥. 
Florentine ; William M., mentioned below. 

William Miner Dodge, youngest child 
of C}Tenus Newcomb Dodge, was born 
Septemljer 22, 1824, in New York City, 
and lived a long and useful life. While 



successfully engaged in business, he was 
fond of art and poetry, and during his school 
days exhibited considerable artistic talent. 
Of indomitable energy and optimistic 
nature, he com{)elled success with every 
undertaking, and was very kindly and 
thoughtful of others. From early life, until 
his death, he was a member of the Baptist 
church. In the early part of his life he was 
a ship owner of Lynchburg, Virginia, and 
from 1870 to 1880, resided in Chicago, en- 
gaged in the insurance business. In 1881 
he removed to Brooklyn, New York, and 
died June 2, 1904, at Bryn Mawr Park, 
Yonkers, New York. He was often wont 
to quote poetry, and the following was one 
of his favorite stanzas: 

In youth's early morning; in manhood's firm pride; 
Let this be our motto, our footsteps to guide. 
In storm or in sunshine, whatever assail, 
We'll onward and conquer, and never say fail. 

He married (first) September 6, 1848, 
Susan M. Hopkins, born February 23, 1825, 
at Bellefonte. Pennsylvania, died August 7, 
1853. He married (second) I'^ebruary 11, 
1857, Emma Webb Sowers, born January 
8, 1836, in Clarke county, \'irginia, died 
July 29, 1864, at Lynchburg, Virginia. He 
married (third) Alay 16, 1866. Mary de 
Leftwich, a daughter of Rev. M. de Left- 
wich ; she is now living in a historic build- 
ing formerly a convent, in Nettuno, the 
birthplace of Nero, thirty miles from Rome, 
Italy. She is a painter, giving attention 
chiefly to portraits. She studied art in 
Munich, and received numerous medals. 
The only child of the first marriage, lulward 
Sanderson, died when five months old. 
Children of the second marriage : Mary 
Sowers, born November i, 1857; Margaret, 
February 6, 1859 ; Emma Kerfoot, June 
8, i860. Children of the third marriage 
were: William de Leftwich, mentioned be- 
low: .Annie de Leftwich, born May 15, 
1870, in Chicago; and Robert E. Lee, Sep- 
tember 29, 1872, at La Grange, a suburb of 
Chicago. 

William de Leftwich-Dodge was born 
March 9, 1867, in Liberty, Bedford coun- 
ty, \^irginia, and inherited from his mother 
a rich artistic talent. In youth he attend- 
ed the public schools of Chicago and 
Pirooklyn, and also of [Munich, Bavaria. He 
was also a student at the Brothers School 
in Paris, France. He began to receive 



X'lRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



lessons in the rudiments of art from his 
mother at the age of fifteen years. In 1881 
he accompanied her, with the other chil- 
dren, to Alunich, where she engaged in the 
study of art. and became a portrait painter 
of that place. He became a student in the 
Colasrissi School of Drawing from Life in 
Paris under Prof. Raphael Collin ; after a 
rigid examination he passed number one 
among five hundred applicants for admis- 
sion to the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris, 
under Geroeme. When but seventeen years 
of age, he painted "The death of Minne- 
haha," which received a gold medal at an 
American exhibition in 1889, and second 
and third prizes, and one first prize at Ecole 
des Beaux Arts. This painting was first 
sold for three thousand dollars and subse- 
quently for five thousand dollars. It in- 
spired a German composer to write a sym- 
phony on the death of Minnehaha. In 1889 
he received third medal at the Paris Ex- 
hibition, and exhibited paintings in the 
Paris Salon in that and the following year. 
He also gave exhibitions in American art 
galleries in 1890. Few American artists 
have been awarded as many prizes at 
foreign exhibitions as Mr. Dodge. His 
famous picture "David and Goliah" painted 
in Paris, was burned at the Old Guard 
Armory in New York. He painted the 
famous panorama of the great Chicago fire, 
which was exhibited for many years in that 
city. In 1892 he again went abroad to con- 
tinue his studies in Paris. In tSQ" his pic- 
ture "Ambition" was exhibited there, and 
in 1901 he gave a series of exhibitions of his 
work in New York City, Chicago and St. 
Louis. Since that time he has been indus- 
triously at work in his studio in New York 
City, and has just completed a commission 
from the Panama Pacific International Ex- 
position. He received the Chicago World's 
Fair medal in 1893. I" that year he painted 
the dome of the Administration Ikiilding of 
the World's Columbian Exposition, and has 
since executed mural paintings, among 
which may be named the Northwest Corner 
Pavilion of the Library of Congress, which 
includes the painting "Ambition." above 
named ; ceilings in private apartments of 
the Hotel Waldorf-Astoria in 1895 ; ceilings 
in the country home of Pierre Lorillard, 
Esq., 1899; frieze and entrances. Cafe Mar- 
tin. New York. 1901 ; entrance, lunettes and 
curtain, Majestic Theatre, Boston ; Keith's 



Theatre, 1902; frieze 180 by six feet in the 
lobby of King Edward Hotel, Toronto ; 
Empire Theatre, New Y'ork, 1903 ; four 
paintings in lobby of Hotel Astor, New 
York, 1904 ; one hundred and thirty feet of 
frieze in Hotel Devon, New York; Union 
Exchange Bank, New York, all gilding and 
color scheme of ground floor and mural 
painting, 1905 ; ceilings in residence of. 
Webb llorton, Middletown, New Y'ork: 
twelve mural paintings in the steamship 
"City of Cleveland"; east wall of cafe Hotel 
Algonquin, New Y'ork ; mural paintings in 
Court House, Syracuse, New York ; all 
mosaic designs for main lobby. Hall of 
Records, New York; four ceilings in audi- 
torium. Hotel Annex, Chicago, 1906; Acad- 
emy of Music, Brooklyn, all interior decor- 
ati(^ns, ten mural paintings, 1908 ; twelve 
large paintings in Cafe de L'Opere, New 
York, 1910; interior decorations, Winter 
Garden, New York; three mural paintings 
and color scheme, Folies Bergere, New 
York ; Lowe's Theatre, New York ; twenty- 
two mural paintings, steamship "Cit> of 
Detroit"; fifteen mural paintings for steam- 
ship "Bee and See," of Detroit; eight panels 
for the residence of Prof. Michael Pupin, at 
Norfolk, Connecticut ; eight panels in steam- 
ships for Holland & Harmsworth, on the 
Delaware river. Mr. Dodge is a member 
of the Players Club and Fencers Club and 
the Virginians of New York City. 

He married, ^larch 31, 1897, I^'anny Pryor, 
daughter of Hon. Roger A. Pryor, of Vir- 
ginia and New York, judge of the Supreme 
Court of New York, and his wife, Sarah 
Agnes Rice. The latter is the author of a 
"History of Jamestown, Virginia," and 
other works, illustrated by Mr. Dodge. 
Mrs. Dodge was born December 24, 1868, 
at Petersburg, Virginia, and is the mother 
of two children : Roger Pryor. born January 
21. 1898, in P\-iris. and Sarah Pryor, July 14, 
1901, in New York City. 

Tench Francis Tilghman. "At a court 
holden for ye county of Kent," March 25. 
1676, Mrs. Mary Tilghman. executrix of 
Richard Tilghman. obtained judgment 
against a debtor of her late husband. 

Dr. Richard and Mary Tilghman, pre- 
viously mentioned, came to America in the 
year 1660 and settled at the Hermitage on 
Chester river, in Talbot, now Queen Anne 
county, Maryland. It is said that Dr. Rich- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



ard Tilghman was one of the petitioners 
to have justice done upon Charles I. of 
England. Certain it is that one Richard 
Tilghman signed the petition and as Dr. 
Richard Tilghman had been a surgeon in 
the British navy and was at that period a 
parliamentarian, the signature in question 
was in all likelihood his. He Was a descend- 
ant of Richard Tilghman, of Holloway 
Court, parish of Snodland, Kent, England 
through his son Thomas, his son William 
(died August 27, 1541), his son Richard 
(died 1518), his son William (died 1594), 
his son Oswald, who was born October 4, 
1579, died 1628, the father of Dr. Richard 
Tilghman, who came with his wife in 1661 
in the ship "Elizabeth and Mary" to settle 
upon the tract of land on Chester river, 
granted him by Lord Baltimore in a patent 
dated January 17, 1659. 

Dr. Richard Tilghman, son of Oswald 
Tilghman, of London, England, was born 
September 3, 1626, died at the Hermitage, 
Queen Anne county, ^Maryland, January 7, 
1675. He married Marie Foxley in Eng- 
land, who survived him more than twenty 
years. Three of his children, Samuel, Maria 
and William, were born in England, and 
two at the Hermitage, Deborah and Rich- 
ard. 

Richard (2; Tilghman, youngest son of 
Dr. Richard (i) and ?vlarie ( Foxley j Tilgh- 
man, was born February 23, 1672. He was 
one of the Lord Proprietors' Council, a zeal- 
ous member of the established church, and 
when the second Chester church was built 
in 1607, he advanced the money for its 
erection, "the vestry engaging to reimburse 
him the necessary expenses." He married. 
in 1700, Anna Maria, third daughter of 
Colonel Philemon Lloyd, a member of the 
Maryland legislature, 1701 and 1702. a de- 
scendant of Edward Lloyd, a gentleman of 
conspicuous ability, commander of Anne 
Arundel county, commissioned by Governor 
Stone, July 30, 1650. and for many years 
privy councillor of IMaryland. 

James Tilghman, eighth child of Richard 
(2) and Anna Maria (Lloyd) Tilghman, 
was born at the Hermitage, December 6, 
1716, died August 24, 1793. He studied law, 
practiced at Annapolis, moved to Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, about 1760, and there 
was attorney to the lord proprietor, a mem- 
ber of Penn's council and secretary of the 
Proprietary Land Office of Pennsylvania. 



He retained the position of secretary until 
the revolution and reduced the work of the 
land office to a regular equitable system. 
He was chosen common councilman of Phil- 
adelphia, October 3, 1764, and qualified as 
a member of the provincial council, Janu- 
ary 29, 1767. He was a loyalist, but liberal 
in his views condemning many of the acts 
of parliament but remaining loyal to the 
King. He was placed under parole when 
the British approached Philadelphia, and 
on August 31, 1777, was granted permission 
to visit his family in Maryland, and return 
within a month. Before that time expired 
the r>ritish had occupied Philadelphia, so 
he remained in Chesterton and on March 
16, 1778, he was discharged from parole. 
He died August 24, 1793. He married Sep- 
tember 30, 1743, Anne Francis, who died 
December 18. 1771, daughter of Tench 
r^ancis, uf "Fausley," Talbot county, Mary- 
land, clerk of the county court, 1726-34, 
attorney-general of Pennsylvania, 1741-55, 
recorder of Philadelphia, 1750-55, son of 
Rev. John Francis, D. D., dean of Lismore 
and uncle of Sir Philip Francis, K. C. B., 
reputed author of the "Junius Letters." Her 
mother Elizabeth, daughter of Foster Tur- 
butt, of Maryland, married Tench Francis, 
December 29, 1724. 

Colonel Tench Tilghman, eldest of the 
ten children of "Councillor" James and 
Anne (Francis) Tilghman, was born at 
"Fausley," the maternal home in Talbot 
county, Maryland, December 25, 1744. He 
prepared under the direction of his grand- 
father. Tench Francis, and was graduated 
at the College of Philadelphia, in 1761. He 
engaged in mercantile business in Philadel- 
phia with an uncle. Tench (2) Francis, and 
had acquired a comfortable competence 
prior to the outbreak of the revolution. He 
at once closed up his business, and as cap- 
tain of a volunteer company joined the army 
of Washington. He served throughout the 
war and participated in many battles. In 
.-\ugust, 1775, he was secretary to the con- 
gressional commission to treat with the 
northern Indian. In 1776 he was attached 
to the "Flying *Camp," and in August of 
that year became aide-de-camp to General 
Washington, serving as such for five years, 
mostlv without pay, enjoying the friend- 
ship and confidence of his commander-in- 
chief. On May 30, 1781, he was commis- 
sioned lieutenant-colonel to rank from April 



8 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



1, 1777. He continued with Washington 
until Yorktown and was the messenger sent 
with news of the surrender to Congress at 
Philadelphia. He arrived in Philadelphia 
at midnight. October 23, 1781, sought out 
the house of Mr. McKean, president of 
Congress, and awakened him, uttered words 
which, echoed by a watchman, brought the 
people from their beds to rejoice at the 
glad tidings. Congress on October 29, fol- 
lowing, voted Colonel Tilghman a horse and 
caparisons and a sword. After the army 
disbanded he located in Baltimore and re- 
sumed commercial life, ha\ing as partner 
Robert Morris, of Philadelphia. He died 
April 18, 1786, and was eulogized by his 
friend and commander. General W'ashing- 
ton. as leaving "as fair a reputation as ever 
belonged to a human character." He mar- 
ried. June 9, 1783, his cousin, Anna Maria 
Tilghman, born July 17, 1755, died Janu- 
ary 13, 1855, daughter of Matthew Tilgh- 
man, a member of the Continental Congress, 
and his wife, Anna (Lloyd) Tilghman. 
Children: Ann Margaretta, see forward; 
Elizabeth Tench, married Nicholas Golds- 
borough. 

Ann Margaretta Tilghman, eldest daugh- 
ter of Colonel Tench and Anna Maria 
(Tilghman) Tilghman, died prior to 1835. 
She married Tench Tilghman, of Hope, 
born April 18, 1782, died April 16, 1827, son 
of Colonel Peregrine Tilghman and his wife, 
Deborah, daughter of Colonel Robert 
Lloyd, of Hope, the latter a descendant of 
Captain Philemon Lloyd, the former a de- 
scendant of Richard and Anna Maria 
(Lloyd) Tilghman, of the Hermitage. 

General Tench Tilghman, son of Tench 
and Ann Margaretta (Tilghman) Tilghman. 
was born March 25, 1810, died in P.altimore. 
in December, 1874. He was a graduate of 
West Point United States Military Acad- 
emy, class of 1832, served in the Black 
Hawk war and resigned from the army, 
November 30, 1833, afterwards becoming 
major general of Maryland militia. He was 
commissioner of public works. ^laryland, 
1841-1851, L^nited States Consul at Alaya- 
gues. Porto Rico, 1849-1850, collector of 
customs at Oxford, Maryland. 1857-1860. 
and was also president of the Maryland and 
Delaware Railroad. In 1861, when war 
broke out between the states, he cast his 
fortunes with the south and enlisted in the 
confederate armv. serving with honor. He 



married (first) in November, 1832, Hen- 
rietta Maria, daughter of John Leeds Kerr, 
United States Senator from Maryland, and 
his first wife, Sarah Hollyday Kerr, daugh- 
ter of Samuel Chamberlaine. He married 
(second) May i, 185 1, Anna Maria, daugh- 
ter of Robert Lloyd and Henrietta Maria 
(Forman) Tilghman. Children, all by first 
marriage : Tench Francis, of further men- 
tion ; William Arthur, died in 1853; John 
Leeds, born September 30, 1837, died aged 
twenty-seven years, a gallant and efficient 
officer of the Confederacy ; Oswald, de- 
ceased, a lawyer of Easton, Maryland, mar- 
ried Martina Martin; Anna Maria, died 
young; Ella Sophia ; Henrietta Kerr, married 
John Richard Burroughs; Rosalie, married 
Thomas Shreve ; Ann Margaretta ; Sarah 
Chamberlaine. 

Tench Francis Tilghman, eldest son of 
General Tench Tilghman and Henrietta 
Maria (Kerr) Tilghman. born September 
-•>■ 1833, died in 1868. He was a civil en- 
gineer by profession, but his career as an 
engineer was hardly begun ere it was inter- 
ru]Ued by four years' service in the Con- 
federate army and his death soon after the 
close of the war. When Richmond was 
evacuated he was in command of the per- 
sonal escort of President Davis. He mar- 
ried (first) Anna, daughter of Dr. C. C. 
Cox. He married (second) Elizabeth Bar- 
ron Camp, of Norfolk, \'irginia, daughter 
of George W'ashington and Elizabeth Bar- 
ron ( Armistead ) Camp, the latter a de- 
scendant of Captain James Barron, of the 
United States navy, who died April 21, 185 1. 
Children of second marriage : Fannie Bar- 
ron ; Tench Francis, of further mention. 

Tench I^^rancis Tilghman, of Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, the fifth of his direct line to bear the 
name "Tench," was l)orn in Norfolk, June 
I, i8f)8. son of Tench Francis Tilghman and 
his second wife. Elizaljeth Barron (Camp) 
Tilghman. He was educated in the public 
schools and Norfolk Academy. He spent 
his first year after graduation in the employ 
t)f i'.urruss. Son & Company, bankers of Nor- 
folk, and in 1883 entered the service of the 
Citizens' Bank of Norfolk and is now com- 
pleting his thirty-first year with that well 
known financial institution. He began as 
messenger boy and has passed through 
every grade of promotion to his present 
position, vice-president and cashier. He 
has won his way upward through merit 



MRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



9 



and is a man highly regarded in financial 
circles. He is a member of Christ IVotes- 
tant Episcopal Church, an Independent in 
politics and finds relaxation from business 
cares at the Country Club, of which he is 
a member. 

Mr. Tilghman married, at the Norfolk 
Navy Yard, April 29, 1903. Florence, daugh- 
ter of Robert \\'iley Milligan, of the United 
States navy. Robert W. Milligan was 
made third assistant engineer, August 3. 
1863, second assistant engineer, July 25, 
1866, past assistant engineer, March 25, 
1874, chief engineer, May 16, 1892, and on 
March 3, 1899, his rank was changed to 
commander. He was chief engineer of the 
battleship "Oregon." when that ship made 
her memorable run from the Pacific to the 
West Indies during the Spanish war in 
1898. Commander ^lilligan married Sarah 
A. Dubois. Child of Tench Francis and 
Florence (Milligan) Tilghman: Tench 
Francis (6), born in Norfolk. March 17, 
1904. 

Edward Carrington Stanard Taliaferro, 
M. D. The Taliaferro family early settled 
in \irginia, where they were land and slave 
owners. The will of Charles Taliaferro of 
St. Mary's parish. Caroline county, \'irginia, 
dated March 2, 1734, gives to wife Mary, 
three hundred acres of the tract on which 
they lived, with seven slaves, household 
goods and live stock. To granddaughters 
he also bequeathed lands and slaves. Rich- 
ard Taliaferro was an early settler of Glou- 
cester county, where his daughter Martha 
married, in 171 1, Thomas Turner, the first 
of this line in \'irginia. Taliaferros served 
with distinction in the revolution and the 
family have ever been prominent in Vir- 
ginia, and eminent in the professions. Ed- 
ward C. S. Taliaferro was born in Glouces- 
ter, Virginia, December 17, 1874. son of 
General William Booth and Sally (Lyons) 
Taliaferro. 

General William Booth Taliaferro, was 
born in Belleville, Gloucester county, Vir- 
ginia, December 28, 1822, son of ^^'arner 
T. and Fanny (Booth) Taliaferro, and a de- 
scendant of Robert Taliaferro, gent., first of 
the name in \'irginia, in 1655. who married 
a daughter of Rev. Charles Cjrymes. 

William Booth Taliaferro was liberally 
educated, being a student at Harvard Uni- 
versity, then at the college of ^^'illiam and 



Mary, from which he was graduated in 1841. 
He studied law, but was soon drawn to a 
military career. On April 9, 1847, l''e was 
appointed captain in the Eleventh Regiment 
United States Infantry, for service during 
the Mexican war. On August 12, same year, 
he was promoted to major and assigned to 
the Ninth Infantry. On August 20, 1848, 
he was mustered out of service, the war 
being over, and resumed the practice of 
his profession, in which he was successfully 
engaged until again drawn to military life, 
in ^lay, 1861, within a few days after the 
beginning of the war between the states, 
he was commissioned colonel in the pro- 
visional army of X'irginia, and was placed 
in command of the troops at (iloucester 
I'oint, X'irginia. He took part in the battle 
of Carrick's Ford, Virginia. July 13, 1861. 
On March 4. 1862, he was promoted to brig- 
adier-general, and served in the army of 
northern \'irginia until March. 1863, when 
he was placed in command of the district 
of Savannah. Georgia. He was among the 
most active of the defenders of Charles- 
ton and its dependencies, commanding the 
first division, first military district, during 
the siege : commanding the garrison of 
Morris Island in July, 1863. and the garrison 
on James Island in the following month. 
In February, 1864, he commanded a division 
in Florida : the seventh military district of 
South Carolina in May. 1864. and the entire 
district of South Carolina. December, 1864. 
He was promoted to major-general, January 
I. 1865, and commanded a division until 
jjeace was restored. 

After this brilliant military career. Gen- 
eral Taliaferro resumed his law practice. 
He was active in political and educational 
alifairs and wielded a potent influence 
throughout the state. He was an efficient 
member of the state assembly and a presi- 
dential elector, elected to both positions as 
a Democrat. In 1892 he was chosen judge 
of (iloucester county, and until his death 
displayed signal ability as a jurist. He was 
])resident of the board of visitors of Wil- 
liam and Mary College, president of Fair- 
view Normal School, and also a member of 
the board of directors of the Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute. In 1876-1877 he was grand- 
master of the Grand Lodge. Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, of \'irginia. General Talia- 
ferro died in Belleville. Virginia, Februarv 
2-. 1898. 



lO 



\'IRGINIA RIOGRAl'MY 



General Taliaferro married, in 1856, Sally 
Lyons, of Richmond. \'irg-inia, born in 1825, 
died in 1899. Children : Leah Sedden ; 
Judge James Lyons, of Gloucester, Vir- 
ginia; \\'arner Throgmorton Langbon, pro- 
fessor in Agricultural College, College 
Park, Maryland, married Emily Johnson ; 
George Withe Booth ; Fannie, died aged 
twelve years ; Mary Heningham Lyons, 
married Harry Osborne Sanders ; William 
Churchill Lyons, married Maljel Scleter, 
and has children : Mary S. and AX'illiam L. : 
Edward C. S., of whom further. 

Dr. Edward C. S. Taliaferro was earl}- 
educated and prepared for college under 
private tutors. He then entered the historic 
^^'il!iam and Mary College, whence he was 
graduated with the class of 1895. Having 
chosen medicine as his profession he en- 
tered the Medical College of Virginia, re- 
ceiving his degree ^L D. with the class of 
1898. After serving a term as interne at 
St. Vincent's Hospital, Norfolk, Virginia, 
he engaged in private practice until 1902, 
after which he went abroad and spent a 
year in Vienna, taking post-graduate 
courses in surgery. He then returned to 
Norfolk and resumed practice. Dr. Talia- 
ferro has a large general practice, but pre- 
fers surgery and so far as possible makes 
that line of jiractice a specialty. He is chief 
of the Medical Clinic of .'-^t. Vincent's Hos- 
pital ; was for four years assistant health 
commissioner of the city of Norfolk ; presi- 
dent of the Norfolk County Medical 
Society; member of the American Medical 
Association, and formerly belonged to man}' 
of the social clubs of the city. His skill as 
a surgeon is fully recognized and his large 
practice in both medicine and surgery fully 
occupies his time to the exclusion of other 
interests. He is very popular and a warm 
friend of the children, who in turn are his 
devoted friends. He is prominent in the 
Masonic Order, belonging to Lodge. Chap- 
ter, Council, Commander}- and Shrine, and 
is an Elk. Tn religious faith he is an Epis- 
copalian and has served as vestryman of 
St. Paul's Church. Tn ]Militics he is a Demo- 
crat. 

Dr. Taliaferro married, November 10, 
1908, Alice Serpell, daughter of Goldsbor- 
ough and Georgianna (Clark) Serpell, of 
^farvland. Children : Georgianna, born 
.August 24. 1909; A\'illiam P)00th (2). born 



Decenilier 2, 1910; Alice .Seri^ell, born Feb- 
ruar}- 5. T912. 

David Tucker Brooke. Descendant of a 
line whose members, while gaining honored 
prominence in all walks of life upon which 
they entered. Avere conspicuously brilliant 
at the bar and upon the bench, David 
Tucker Brooke, in the forty years of his 
legal career, worthily upheld the repu- 
tation attained for the family by his for- 
bears, and as an attorney and jurist dis- 
played the force and power that made his 
ancestors the legal lights of their dav. 

The Brooke family is one of those families 
of the English gentry who early came to 
the Virginia colony, impelled, not by relig- 
ious persecution, but by that mingled de- 
sire for adventure and for more land that 
has been an English characteristic since the 
days of the Vikings. Bearing patents of 
land from the crown they were free to 
choose where thev would locate, and adven- 
ture was plentiful with the Powhatan con- 
federacy, dominant for two or three gener- 
ations after the death of Powhatan him- 
self. The old' motto of the commonwealth. 
Ell, dat J^irginia quintiim. "Lo, Virginia 
gives a fifth dominion." fitlv expresses the 
patriotic lo}alty to the old home and pride 
in the new that characterized these colon- 
ists. 

fD William Brooke, the immigrant, 
came to the New World in 1621, settling in 
the Virginia colony, then under the control 
of the London Company. The journey was 
made in the "Temperance." T-fe selected for 
his plantation a region on the Rappahan- 
nock river since known as Essex coiintv, 
Virginia. 

(H) Robert Brooke, probably the son of 
William Brooke, was born in Essex county, 
Virginia, 1652, and probably died on the 
Brooke estate. He served as clerk of Essex 
county. He married Catherine Booth, and 
they were the parents of a son. Robert, of 
whom further. 

(TH) Robert (2) Brooke, son of Robert 
(i) Brooke, was one of that famous com- 
])any called the "Knights of the Golden 
Tlorseshoe," who. led by the celebrated and 
chivalric Governor Alexander Spotswood. 
started in 1716 from ^^'illiamsburg to cross 
the Blue Ridge mountains, then the fur- 
thest frontiers of the English civilization 



; 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



II 



on the continent. An account of this expe- 
dition belongs to general history, but the 
small golden horseshoes given by Governor 
Spotswood to members of the party in com- 
memoration, with their appropriate motto 
Sic juz'at transcendcrc monies, are still cher- 
ished by the descendants 'of the knights of 
the famous adventure. Robert Brooke mar- 
ried and among his children was a son Rich- 
ard, of whom further. 

(IV) Richard Brooke, youngest son of 
Robert (2) Brooke, mo\'ed up the Rappa- 
hannock river to Smithfield, on the same 
side of the river. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel Francis Taliaferro, of 
Spottsylvania, West Virginia. Among his 
children was John Taliaferro, of whom fur- 
ther, and his twin brother. Francis Talia- 
ferro. Three of the sons of Richard Brooke 
served in the revolutionary army and one 
son in the United States navy under the 
celebrated Paul Jones. 

(V) John Taliaferro Brooke, son of Rich- 
ard Brooke, was born August zy, 1763, at 
Smithfield, an old family estate on the Rap- 
pahannock river four miles below Freder- 
icksburg, and died on his estate. Millvale, 
in Stafford county, West Virginia, in 1822, 
aged fifty-nine years. He studied for the 
legal profession and practiced it for a time 
in Fredericksburg, but later retired to his 
plantation, where he spent the remainder 
of his days. For many years he sat on the 
bench of the county court of Stafford 
county, serving also for many years as jus- 
tice of the peace. He served as first lieu- 
tenant of artillery in the revolutionary war, 
at the age of eighteen, and in recognition 
of his gallant conduct at the battle of Eutaw 
was promoted to brigade major of the park 
of artillery by Charles Harrison, who com- 
manded it. and was invited l)y him to live 
with him "'in the same marquee to the end 
of the war." He married Anne Alercer, 
daughter of Samuel and Alary (Cary) Sel- 
den, of Salvington, Staff'ord count}-, Vir- 
ginia. They were the parents of five chil- 
dren, three of whom attained adult age, 
namely: Samuel Selden. married Angelina 
Edrington ; Francis John, killed on Christ- 
mas Day, 1837, ^t the battle of Okeechobee, 
Florida, in the Seminole Indian war ; Henry 
Laurens, of whom further. The family were 
members of the Episcopal church, Mr. 
Brooke being a vestryman of the parish. 

(VI) Henry Laurens Brooke, son of John 



Taliaferro Pirooke. was born at Mill vale, in 
Stafford county. A'irginia, July 16, 1808, died 
in Charles Town. West Virginia, in 1874, 
at Rion Plall. the home of his son-in-law. 
Judge Daniel B. Lucas. He was educated 
by private tutors until he was seventeen 
}ears old, when he went to private schools 
in Richmond. He took up the study of law 
and practiced in Richmond until after the 
civil war, when he removed to Baltimore, 
Maryland, where he practiced for a few 
years, after which he removed to Charles 
Town, West Virginia, where his death oc- 
curred. He was an advocate learned in the 
law, fearless in the championship of the 
right, and gained honor and distinction 
through capable service in public office. He 
was for many years commonwealth attor- 
ney for Richmond, and was the incumbent 
of several civil positions under the confed- 
erate states government. He was an old 
line \\'hig in political faith, and a communi- 
cant of the Protestant Episcopal chtirch. He 
married Virginia, daughter of Judge Henry 
St. George and Ann Evelina ( Hunter) 
Tucker. She died in Richmond, Virginia, 
in the fall of 1863, aged forty-seven years. 
She was a member of the Presbyterian 
church. Children: I. Evelina Tucker, born 
July 20, 1838; married Judge Daniel B. 
Lucas, for many years a judge in West Vir- 
ginia courts. 2. Anne Selden, born June 10, 
1840: married, December 5, 1867, James 
Fairfax AIcLaughlin, died 1904. 3. Vir- 
ginia Dandridge, born June 3, 1842, died 
1845. 4- St. George Tucker, born July 22, 
1844; married, August 15, 1882, Mary Har- 
rison, daughter of Thomas A. and Anne 
(Washington) Brown, of Charles Town, 
West Virginia. 5. John Taliaferro, born 
June 9. 1846, died July 20, 1846. 6. Francis 
John, born December 24, 1847: married, 
November 25, 1880, Elizabeth Gay Bent- 
ley, who died August 11, 1903. 7. Virginia 
Tucker, born July 26, 1850, died July i, 
1865. 8. David Tucker, of whom further, 
g. Elizabeth Dallas, born February 6, 1854. 
10. Henr}' Laurens, born October 3, 1856; 
married Mrs. Mary Johnson. 11. Laura 
Beverly, born April 21, i860; married 
Everett Wade Bedinger. 

(VII) David Tucker Brooke, son of 
Henry Laurens Brooke, was born in Rich- 
mond. Virginia, April 28, 1852. After study- 
ing for a time under private instruction he 
matriculated at the University of Virginia, 



VIRGINIA RIOCRAPHY 



pursuing a classical course during the terms 
of 1870 and 1871. In 1873 he removed to 
Norfolk. Mrginia, where he became a school 
teacher, at the same time studying law 
under the preceptorship of Tazewell Taylor, 
and in the following year was admitted to 
the bar. Until 1880 he retained his peda- 
gogical position, resigning then to devote 
himself entirely to his practice, with such 
remarkably good eftect that four years later 
he was elected judge of the corporation 
court of Norfolk. For eleven years he pre- 
sided over the proceedings of this court, 
issuing opinions in numerous cases of im- 
portance, each impressive because of their 
decisive quality and the profound know- 
ledge of the law they indicated. In 1895 li^ 
resigned this office to resume his private 
practice. This extended to all the state 
and federal courts of his district, and he 
likewise tried cases in North Carolina. In 
the constitutional convention of 1901 and 
1902 Mr. I'.rooke's services were placed at 
the disposal of the state, and in the weight}- 
deliberations of that assemblage he took 
active part. 1 fe was a member of the bar as- 
sociations of Norfolk, Portsmouth and Vir- 
ginia, and was likewise a member of a (ireek 
letter fraternity to which he was elected 
while a student at college. He was also a 
member of the b(5ard of trustees of the Nor- 
folk Academy. The time that Mr. Hrooke 
could secure from his professional duties 
was spent in his home, for in his family he 
found a delight and pleasure unrivalled by 
the attractions of club or social life. His 
political allegiance was accorded the Demo- 
cratic party, lie was a member of the Sec- 
ond Presbyterian Church. David Tucker 
Pirook died ;\Iarch 28, 1915, at his home. No. 
514 \\'arren Crescent, and the interment 
took place in Poorest Lawn Cemetery. 

Mr. Brooke married, April 7, 1880, Lucy 
1;., daughter of Ignatius and Jane (Drum- 
mond) Higgins. of Norfolk. \'irginia. Chil- 
dren: I. Lucy Drummond. born in 1881 ; be- 
came the wife of \\'illiam Hubert Witt: 
children : David Tucker and William .\. 2. 
Eloise Minor, born in 1882. 3. Henry Laur- 
ens, born in 1884; graduate of law depart- 
ment of University of Virginia, class of 
1907, now practicing with his father, firm of 
Brooke & Brooke. 4. ^lay Walton, born 
in 1886. 5. Lena Randolph, born in 1888. 
6. Marguerita Custis. born in 1896. 



Addams Stratton McAllister, E. E., Ph. D. 

Mr. McAllister is descended from some of 
the oldest and best American families, his 
jiaternal line coming originally from Scot- 
land. The first of the name now known was 
Hugh McAllister, who came of Scotch par- 
entage, and emigrated from Ireland to 
.\merica about 1730, settling in Lancaster 
county, Pennsylvania. His wife was a Miss 
Harbison, and they had children :. Mary, 
Xancy, Jane, Eleanor, John, Hugh, Eliza- 
lieth, and William. All the sons settled in 
Pennsylvania. The second. Major Hugh 
McAllister, was born in 1736 in Pennsyl- 
\ ania. and enlisted in the French and Indian 
war at the age of twenty-two years. He 
was in Captain Forbes" company under 
Cieorge Washington in 1755 in the expedi- 
tion to Fort Duquesne. He married Sarah 
Nelson, of Lancaster county, who came in 
infancy from northern Ireland with her 
parents, both of whom died on shipboard. 
They settled on a small farm in Sherman's 
\ alley. Pennsylvania, which he sold about 
1 76 1, and removed to Lost Creek Valley, in 
the same state. He served in Pontiac's war 
in 1763. and was successively sergeant, lieu- 
tenant and captain in the army of the revo- 
lution. He was commissioned major of the 
Seventh Battalion of Militia in Cumberland' 
county, Pennsylvania, May i, 1783. He was 
hospitable, religious, public-spirited and 
progressive. He died September 22, 1810, 
surviving his wife more than eight years. 
She died July 7, 1802. By will his home- 
stead was bequeathed to his fourth son, 
William r\lc.\llister, mentioned below. 

Judge William McAllister, as he was 
known, was hnrn in August. 1775. He was 
paymaster of the Eighty-third Pennsylvania 
Regiment in the war oi 1812, and on March 
4, 1842, was appointed one of the two asso- 
ciate judges of Juniata county. He was a 
man of fine appearance, was energetic, hos- 
pitable and uncompromising, and for forty 
years was a trustee of Lost Creek Presby- 
terian Church. He died December 21, 1847. 
He married. November 2. 1802, Sarah 
Thompson, born 1783, daughter of William 
and Jane f^fitchell) Thompson. William 
Thompson, born 1754, died 1813, partici- 
pated in the i)attles of Brandywine and Ger- 
mantown during the revolution. He was a 
son of John Thompson, a .Scotch covenanter 
who came from Ireland to Chester count v, 
Pennsyhania. about 1730. 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



13 



Thompson McAllister, son of Judge Wil- 
liam McAllister, was born August 30, 181 1, 
on the old homestead in Lost Creek Val- 
ley, and settled near Chambersburg, Penn- 
sylvania, his farm being known as "Spring 
Dale." He was a member of the Pennsyl- 
vania legislature in 1848. and in December. 
1849. removed to Covington. Alleghany 
county. \'irginia. where he had purchased 
a tract of two thousand, two hundred acres, 
the larger portion of which is still held by 
his descendants. On the opposite side of 
the river from Covington he built, in 1856- 
1857. his homestead, known as "Rose Dale." 
He was closely associated with his brother 
Robert in business enterprises, a well as in 
military service, and as partners under the 
style of T. McAllister & Company, they built 
section eighteen between the Lewis and 
.Alleghany tunnels on what is now the Ches- 
apeake c^ Ohio Railroad, seventeen miles 
west of Co\ington, Thompson McAllister 
having charge of the work. At that time 
Robert was living in New Jersey, and at the 
opening of the civil war he tendered his 
military services to the state, while Thomp- 
son was loyal to Virginia. In March, 1861, 
the latter raised, and largely at his own ex- 
pense, equipped the first volunteer company 
for the impending war in that part of \'"ir- 
ginia, and was made its captain. This be- 
came Company A of the Twent_v-seventh 
Virginia Infantry of the original Stonewall 
brigade. Captain McAllister was the oldest 
member of the company, and his son Wil- 
liam the youngest. In the second charge at 
the battle of Alanassas he led his broken 
regiment and contributed largely to the con- 
federate victory of that day. His brother 
Robert, then a colonel, afterwards general, 
commanded the First New Jersey in the 
same battle. On account of business inter- 
ests, and also through an attack of camp 
fever (furlough having been denied). Cap- 
tain McAllister resigned August. 1861. In 
the fall of the same year he was placed in 
command of all the home guards and re- 
serves in the Alleghany section, continuing 
this service until the close of the war. For 
nearly twenty years he was a ruling elder 
in the Covington Presbyterian Church. He 
died at "Rose Dale," March 13, 1871. He 
married. February 14. 1839. Lydia Miller 
Addams. of Millerstown, Pennsylvania, de- 
scended from an old and conspicuous family 
of that state. The records of William 



Penn's colony show that on December 22, 
1 68 1, he deeded five hundred acres to Robert 
Adams of Ledwell, Oxfordshire, England. 
The will of Robert Adams, made July 27, 
1717, refers to his brt)ther Walter Adams. 
The latter was the ancestor of Mrs. Thomp- 
son McAllister. W alter Adams lived in Ox- 
ford township, Philadelphia county, Penn- 
sylvania, and his son, Richard, of Provi- 
dence township, same county, married Elsie 
Withers, at Christ Church. Philadelphia. 
December 22. 1726. Their son. William 
.'\ddanis. founded .\damsto\vn, Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1761. He married Anna Lane, of 
English ancestry, and their youngest son. 
Isaac, was born October 2j. 1746, in Coca- 
lico township, Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, near the site of Adamstown. He was 
accustomed to spell his name with two d's, 
and this has been adhered to by his de- 
scendants. Early in life he settled in 
Berks county. Pennsylvania, and subse- 
quently moved to ' Reading, same state, 
where he was a merchant. From 1777 to 
1800 he was a county commissioner of 
Berks county ; was a member of the state 
legislature in 1804-1805, and captain of the 
Fourth Company of Associators in the 
Ninth Battalion, commanded by Colonel 
John Huber. W'ith this company he went 
to New Jersey in August. 1776, and re- 
mained with Washington's army until early 
in 1777. He died at Reading, April 11, 
1809. He married at New Holland, Penn- 
sylvania, May 28, 1776, the widow of his 
brother William, Barbara (Ruth) Addams, 
born'January 8. 1741. died in Reading, Octo- 
ber 5. 1832. daughter of Peter Ruth. Abra- 
ham Addams. j-oungest of the six sons of 
Isaac Addams. was born March 12, 1786, in 
Adamstown, and was a merchant in Read- 
ing as a young man. About 181 1 he re- 
moved to Perry county. Pennsylvania, and 
purchased the land on which Millerstown is 
built. He was prominent in religious, busi- 
ness and social matters of the town and 
county, and was thrice married. His first 
wife, Lydia, was the second daughter of 
Jacob and Elizabeth (Feather) Miller. She 
was the mother of Lydia Miller Addams, 
who became the wife of Thompson McAllis- 
ter, as previously noted. 

.Abraham .Addams McAllister, son of 
Thompson and Lydia Miller (Addams) Mc- 
Allister, was born August 25, 1 841, at "Rose 
Dale." He received a fair education, but 



14 



VIRGINIA RIOGRAPIIY 



the civil war prevented his completing a 
college course. He continued to reside at 
"Rose Dale." When his father entered the 
military service he was placed in charge of 
affairs at home. After his father's return 
to take care of liis business, which had been 
badly broken up by dishonest employees, the 
son entered the military service, serving 
from 1862 to 1865 in Bryan's Battery, Thir- 
teenth Battalion Virginia Artillery, in which 
he was successively gunner and sergeant. 
He participated in much fighting, and was 
within sight of the national capitol for about 
two days. The only engagement of his bat- 
tery in which he did not participate was that 
of Cedar Creek, October 19, 1864, when he 
was home on sick leave. Following the 
war ensued a condition of great distress and 
business depression through Virginia, and 
both Sergeant AIcAllister and his father 
were active in assisting the needy and in im- 
proving the roads and other conditions 
about them. Soon after the war Mr. ]\Ic- 
.Mlister became a magistrate, and served 
until 1866, when the civil government was 
replaced by military rule. This lasted for 
about two years, and during this time Mr. 
McAllister resided at Maiden. In May, 
1866, he returned to "Rose Dale" and soon 
after occupied "White Hall," which was 
constructed for him by Mr. McAllister's 
father. In the spring of 1866, he pursued a 
business course at Bryant and Stratton's 
College in Cincinnati, and soon after took 
charge of the business affairs of the estate 
of his father. When the latter died in 1871, 
Sergeant McAllister was made manager of 
the estate by his father's will, and thus con- 
tunied for five years, paying oft" war debts of 
more than twenty thousand dollars. By the 
division of the estate, A. A. McAllister came 
into possession of a tract including the pres- 
ent paper mill, the Rose Dale tract, and 
lands lying on both sides of the creek. In 
1884 he rented the mill property in partner- 
ship with John W^ Bell, and for six years 
they operated it, after which it was sold. 
In 1891 they purchased the mill from the 
new owners, and in 1909 the properth- 
passed into the hands of a corporation 
known as the Covington Roller Mills. In 
1876 Air. Mc.\llister became a merchant in 
Covington, with a partner, and continued to 
be interested in it until 1902. In the mean- 
time he had purchased an estate of three 
hundred acres and another of forty-one 



acres, on which the greater part of East 
Covington has been built. He also made 
extensive purchases of farming lands, and 
operated about six hundred acres east of 
and near Covington. His total holdings 
amounted to 2,282 acres, about the same as 
his father's holdings when he located in 
X'irginia. He platted an addition to Coving- 
ton, on which were built attractive homes. 
He was instrumental in securing paper and 
pulp mills, the largest industry at Coving- 
ton, and one of the largest mills of the kind 
in the south. He sold the land for the mills 
and accompanying buildings at a very low 
figure, in order to secure the location of the 
industry here, and his public spirit has been 
rewarded by the appreciation of his own 
property, as well as that of his neighbors. 
He has also been instrumental in securing 
other industries for Covington, and will 
long be remembered as one of the chief 
benefactors of the town. He assisted in the 
organization of the Covington National 
liank, of which he was first vice-president, 
and tlie Citizens National Bank, of which he 
was vice-president from 1900 until he was 
made president in 1908, continuing thus to 
1912. 

He married. May 10, 1865, Julia Ellen 
Stratton, who was born in Maiden, Kana- 
wha county, \'irginia, daughter of Joseph 
Dickinson and Alary Ann (Buster) Strat- 
ton. The Stratton ancestry has been traced 
to England through Edward (i) Stratton, 
of liermuda Hundred, whose son Edward 
(2) Stratton, married Martha, daughter of 
Thomas Shippey. Their son, Edward (3) 
Stratton, married Ann, daughter of Henry 
I'latte, and they were the parents of Thomas 
Stratton, who married Elizabeth Elam. 
Their son, Henry Stratton, was lieutenant 
in the naval service during the revolution, 
and married Sarah Hampton. They were 
the parents of Archibald Stratton, who mar- 
ried Edna Dickinson, and were the parents 
of Joseph Dickinson Stratton, who married, 
October 30, 1832, Mary Ann Buster. Their 
daughter, Julia Ellen, graduated with honor 
at the \'irginia Female Institute at Staun- 
ton, Virginia, in 1857. being especially dis- 
tinguished in \ocal and instrumental music. 
She won a medal in 1855 for scholarship and 
deportment, and for music in 1856. 

Addams Stratton McAllister, son of Abra- 
ham Addams and Julia Ellen (Stratton) 
McAllister, was born February 24, 1875, at 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



15 



Covington, Virginia. He received his pre- 
liminary education in the public schools of 
that town. In 1894 he entered the Penn- 
sylvania State College, from which he re- 
ceived the degree B. S. in 1898, and subse- 
quently that of E. E. During his college 
course he spent one summer in the shops of 
the Covington Machine Company, where he 
gained practical experience, and also spent 
two summers with a civil engineering corps 
doing local railway and other surveying. 
From July. 1898, to August, 1899, he was 
engaged with the Berwind-\A'hite Coal Alin- 
ing Company at Windbar, Pennsylvania, 
where he obtained practical experience in 
operating electric locomotives, and the fol- 
lowing year was spent in the factory of the 
Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing 
Company at East Pittsburgh, where he gain- 
ed further knowledge relating to manufac- 
turing details of direct-current and alternat- 
ing-current machinery. He took a post-grad- 
uate course in electric engineering at Cornell 
University, and received the degree of M. M. 
E. in 1901. In 1905 the degree of Ph. D. 
was conferred upon him by Cornell. From 
1901 to 1904 he was successively assistant 
and instructor in physics and applied elec- 
tricity at Cornell, and in 1904 was acting 
assistant professor of electrical engineering 
there. From 1905 to 1912 he was associate 
editor of the "Electrical World," an engi- 
neering journal, of which he is now editor-in- 
chief. Since 1909 Dr. McAllister has been 
professorial lecturer on electrical engineer- 
ing at the Pennsylvania State College. He 
was the first to expound and formulate the 
application of the law of conservation in 
illumination calculations (1911). To him 
is due the credit for the development of 
simplified circle diagrams of single-phase 
and polyphase induction motors and syn- 
chronous motors and the absorption-of-light 
method of calculating illumination. He has 
been granted patents for alternating-current 
machinery under dates of 1903, 1904, 1906 
and 1907. Dr. McAllister has lectured on 
subjects pertaining to his special line of 
work before the Cornell Electrical Society, 
the New York Electrical Society, the 
Columbia University Electrical Society, the 
Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute Electrical 
Engineering Society, the Franklin Institute. 
and the Worcester Polytechnic Institute. 
He is the author of "Alternating-Current 
Motors" (1906), used as a text-book in 



many of the leading engineering schools, 
and of chapters on '"Transformers" and 
•'Motors" in the "Standard Handbook for 
Electrical Engineers." He has been a 
voluminous contributor on engineering sub- 
jects to the technical press, embracingabout 
one hundred original articles, the most im- 
portant being: "Complete Commercial Test 
of Polyphase Induction Motors Using One 
Wattmeter and One Voltmeter" (1902); 
"Excitation of Asynchronous Generators by 
Means of Static Condensance" (1903); 
"Asynchronous Generators" (1903) ; "A 
Convenient and Economical Electrical 
Method for Determining Mechanical Tor- 
que" (1904) ; "Simple Circular Current 
Locus of the Induction Motor" (1906) ; 
"The Exciting Current of Induction Motor" 
(1906) ; "Simple Circle Diagram of the 
Single-phase Induction Alotor" (1906); 
"Magnetic Field in the Single-phase Induc- 
tion Motor" (1906) ; "Circular Current Loci 
of the Synchronous Motor" (1907) ; "Ab- 
sorption of Light Method of Calculating 
Illumination" (1908) ; "Bearing of Reflec- 
tion on Illumination" (1910) ; "Graphical 
Solution of I'roblems Involving Plane Sur- 
face Lighting Sources" (1910), and "The 
Law of Conservation as Applied to Illum- 
ination Calculations" (1911). Dr. McAllis- 
ter is naturallly associated with numerous 
scientific organizations including the Amer- 
ican Association for the Advancement of 
Science, the American Electro-chemical So- 
ciety, the National Electric Light Associa- 
tion, the New York Electrical Society, of 
which he has been vice-president ; the Amer- 
ican Institute of Electrical Engineers, the 
Society for the Promotion of Engineering 
Education, and the Illuminating Engineer- 
ing Society, for which he has served as a 
director. He is also identified with numer- 
ous social organizations which include the 
Pennsylvania State College Association of 
New York, of which he was president in 
1911 ; the New York Southern Societ}-; the 
Virginians of New York ; the Virginia His- 
torical Society; the Cornell LIniversitv Club, 
and the Engineers Club, New York; the 
University Club. State College ; the Cornell 
Chapter of the Sigma Xi honor society, the 
Pennsylvania State College Chapter of the 
Phi Kappa Phi honor fraternity, and honor 
member of the Pennsylvania State Chapter 
of the Eta Kappa Nu electrical fraternitv. 



i6 



\1KG1\1A HIOGRAJ'HY 



Edward Virginius Valentine. Xu stranger 
of note leaves Kichnioiid without a visit 
to Valentine's Studio and in glancing 
through the sculptor's register one sees such 
names as Matthew Arnold, James Barron 
Hope, Edwin Booth, Joe Jefferson, Sol. 
Smith Russell, Joaquin jNliller, the Marquis 
of Lome, Charlotte Cushman, Dr. S. Weir 
^Mitchell, Marion Sims and a host of others. 
The building stands on Leigh street, whose 
spacious homes, in their green settings, 
were planned when the possibility of crowd- 
ing was remote. 

An antique brass knocker on the door of 
the front building suggests it as the artist's 
reception room, and having gained a ready 
admittance, the stranger stands face to face 
with a man whose youthful figure and fresh 
complexion refute the imputation made by 
his whitened locks, while his finely carved 
poetic face marks him as the denizen of an 
ideal world, rather than of the commercial 
one around us. In manner, this genius of 
the chisel, who has cut his name so deep 
into the history of his native land that it 
will last as long as its annals endure, is so 
natural as to disappoint the inexperienced, 
who fail to recognize in simplicity the at- 
tribute of merit, and so modest is he that it 
is only here a little and there a little that 
one gleams some knowledge of his life and 
work. 

Much of his modeling is done in the front 
studio, the other being reserved for his 
larger work, and both, with the rooms above 
the first, are storehouses of the most inter- 
esting and valuable objects. Each has its 
own story, making a tour through them, 
with their owner as a guide, a delightful 
experience. A collection of books in hog- 
skin bindings, which have withstood the 
wear of more than two hundre'd years, 
would charm the bibliomaniac, as would 
volumes of illuminations done by the Flor- 
entine monks, and bound sheets of Pom- 
peiian colors, whose richness and delicacy 
shame modern achievements. A specimen 
of Cinque Cento furniture of quaint design 
and elaborate carving, its secret drawers 
exciting and baffling the imagination, is an- 
other notable feature, as is a copy of De La 
Roche's "Memicycle," presented by the 
family of John R. Thompson after his death, 
and a steel engraving of Ary Scheffer's por- 
trait of Lafayette, a duplicate of which is 
owned hv Mr. lieverlv Kennon of \\'ash- 



iiigton. Here, too, are casts from the an- 
tique, curios from Egypt, old tapestries, 
statuettes by Flamingo, figures from Pom- 
j)eii, with treasures trom the galleries of 
F"lorence and Rome. A long row of death 
masks, including that of Napoleon, Freder- 
ick the Great, Voltaire, Henry IV. of 
France, Charles XII., Queen Louise and 
other immortal mortals, extend a ghastly 
welcome from an upper shelf, and every- 
where one encounters in clay or marble such 
celebrities as Humboldt, Edwin Booth, 
Mary Anderson and the like, with Lee, 
Jackson, Uavis, John C, Breckinridge, and 
all the rest of the southern heroes of the civil 
war. A clay copy of the Apollo Belvidere, 
for which Mr. Valentine received a silver 
medal, has a special interest as his second 
attempt at modeling. It was made from a 
bust from the Vatican which stood in the 
back parlor of his father's home, and was 
the terror of his childhood, making him 
"shy " as he passed it in the dark on his way 
to the dining room. His first experiment 
was a bust portrait of a negro boy, for 
which his subject stood in the back yard. 
"It was cold," the sculptor says, laughing 
as he recalls the scene, "and I can see at 
this moment the funny expression on that 
darkey's face." His portrayal of the negro 
is indeed unequalled, and in "Uncle Henry," 
the family coachman, who drove his parents 
to the ball given in Richmond in 1824 to 
Lafayette, the antebellum \^irginia darkey 
will live when the last representative of the 
fast vanishing type, and those familiar with 
it, have crumbled to dust, 

\^alentine's statues, as of Jefferson, in the 
beautifid hotel of that name in Richmond : 
of Jackson, Wickham, John C. Breckinridge, 
Henry Timrod and others aclorn the public 
buildings and squares in various cities, while 
his bust ])ortraits are scattered everywhere. 
The "Blind Girl," one of the most exquisite 
creations, was conceived while hearing an 
inmate of the blind asylum in Staunton sing 
the hymn : 

For thee. My God, the living God, 

My thirsty soul doth pine; 
Oh, when shall I behold thy face, 

Thou majesty divine? 

The graceful form seems spiritualized by 
the ethereal tenant. The lovely hands are 
clasped in yearning aspiration, the lips 
l)arted as if in singing, while the upturned 



VIRGIXIA BIOGRAl'lJ^' 



face is irradiated as if a heavenly vision, 
hidden from the material eye, were indeed 
vouchsafed to those sightless orbs. This 
figure, with the classic group "Andromache 
and Astyanax," which Mr. Valentine con- 
siders his masterpiece, and which was the 
center of attraction in the Virginia House at 
the Columbia Exposition, is still in his pos- 
session. The last was suggested by the 
parting of Hector and his wife, when the 
hero enjoins her to "busy herself with the 
household, leaving war to men." The spindle 
the emblem of womanly industry, lying idle 
across her lap, shows how vainly she has 
striven to obey this behest, while the eyes, 
full of direful foreboding, look into space. 
\\'ith the intuition of childhood Astyanax 
divines the sorrow in his mother's heart, 
and leaning upon her knee, with a smile 
dimpling his upturned face, endeavors with 
baby wiles to woo her back to happiness. 
Every accessory of the group is from the 
antique, showing the most careful study, 
while the classic face of Andromache is that 
of the beautiful bride of the sculptor's youth. 

The work which gained for him the wid- 
est recognition, however, is the recumbent 
figure of Lee in the mausoleum attached to 
the chapel of Washington and Lee Univer- 
sity, for which he received fifteen thousand 
dollars. Faultless in detail, it is so impres- 
sive as a whole, that none can be insensible 
to its effect. It is as if the man himself were 
imprisoned in the stone — the living soul 
breathed into it by the creative power of 
genius. Thousands who visit the historic 
spot stand in awed silence by the marble 
couch upon which the hero has "lain down 
to pleasant dreams," and turning away, tread 
softly and speak in whispers lest they should 
awaken him. 

Like all who strive for immortality, Mr. 
Valentine works slowly. He is his own most 
severe critic and spares neither labor nor 
expense in the execution of his ideas. Often 
when assured by others that a piece of work 
is perfect, he goes on touching and retouch- 
ing with the simple rejoinder; "You see, 
I know how it ought to look." (From "Val- 
entine's Work with The Chisel," Gilberta 
S. Whittle, in Baltimore American). 

Edward Virginius Valentine was born in 

Richmond, Virginia, November 12, 1838, 

youngest son of Mann Satterwhite (q. v.) 

and Elizabeth (Mosby) Valentine. The 

/ world in which he was born was replete 

^ VIR— 2 



with beautiful objects whose silent influence 
mtilded him into a form to be fixed by after 
experience. He was well educated in the 
schools of Alexander Martin, Socrates 
Aiauphin, Volger and Patton, and William 
D. Stuart, also having the advantages of pri- 
vate tutors. Association with his brother, 
-Mann X'alentine, whose chemical discovery 
gave him world-wide renown, awakened his 
interest in anatomy, which resulted m his 
attending a course of lectures on anatomy at 
the Medical College in Richmond. He 
gained his first desire to draw and model in 
1853, when as a boy of fifteen years he at- 
tended the World's Fair in the Crystal Pal- 
ace in New York. There the group "Amazon 
Attacked by a Tiger" by Kiss, so impressed 
him that he at once began the study of 
drawing and modeling. Although he ob- 
tained the best instruction his own city 
afforded him, he went to Paris in 1859 to 
avail himself of the better opportunities that 
art centre afforded. There he learned to 
draw from the nude under Couture, and 
later under Jouft'roy. Li Horence he took 
lessons from Boniauti, and later in Berlin 
was a pupil of Kiss, whose creations inspired 
him to devote himself to art. Kiss was 
averse to taking pupils, but yielded to the 
young man's persuasions. The great artist 
died suddenly while young Valentine was 
with him, and in recognition of the friend- 
ship existing between master and pupil, the 
widow presented him with many valuable 
art treasures, including the tools used by 
Kiss, and offered him the free use of the 
master's former atelier. 

Mr. Valentine remained in Europe study- 
ing under noted teachers and visiting the 
great art centres of Italy until the close of 
the war between the states. He was temp- 
ted by off'ers from New York, but he re- 
fused all offers, and in 1865 opened a studio 
in Richmond, his native city. Here he has 
ever continued his work from the very first 
attracting favorable attention, and finally 
gaining him a secure place as one of the 
great sculptors of his day. His first Amer- 
ican work was a succession of busts of the 
noted Confederate generals, Stuart, Mosby, 
Maury, Jackson, Albert Sidney Johnston, 
and many men of eminence in the profes- 
sions. His most famous work, the "Re- 
cumbent Statue of Lee" was unveiled at 
Lexington, Virginia, June 28, 1883. The 
figure of marble, life size, represents Gen- 



i8 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



eral Lee lying in his uniform as if asleep, 
on his narrow soldier's bed. One hand is 
on his bosom, the other lying by his side, 
rests upon his sword. The whole expression 
ot the statue is that of tranquil and absolute 
repose — the repose of physical power un- 
shaken though dormant, of manly dignity 
m.ost graceful when at rest — of noble facul- 
ties alive and sovereign though still. Olher 
prominent works, not yet mentioned, are, 
the ideal figures, "Judas" and "Grief," "The 
Nation's Ward ;" "The Samaritan Woman," 
"The Penitent Thief," and the statue of 
General Wickham in Monroe Park, Rich- 
mond. He has also completed a statue of 
General Hugh Mercer of the revolution, for 
the United States government, for which 
twenty-five thousand dollars was appro- 
priated ; a bronze statue of Jefiferson Davis, 
and a symbolic figure of the "South," for the 
Jefiferson Davis Monument Association ; a 
statue of General Robert E. Lee, ordered 
by the Virginia legislature for Statuary Hall 
in the capitol of Washington ; a statue of 
John James Audubon for the city of New 
Orleans, and many others, 

Mr. Valentine's talents are not all of the 
brush or chisel. He is an excellent writer, 
a great lover of history and poetry, and an 
interesting speaker. He has kept a diary 
since 1857 to date, without the omission of 
a single day. This diary, so interesting and 
valuable, is being prepared for publication. 
He has received recognition from many 
literary societies by election to honorary 
membership, and is also a member of art 
unions and societies, both in the United 
States and Europe. He is an honorary 
member of Robert E. Lee Camp, United 
Confederate Veterans ; president of the 
board of trustees of Valentine Museum, 
in Richmond, founded by the will of his hon- 
ored brother ; vice-president of the Virginia 
Historical Society ; chairman of the advis- 
ory board of the Society for the Preserva- 
tion of Virginia Antiquities ; member of the 
advisory board of the Confederate Memorial 
Literary Society ; president of the William 
and Mary Chapter, Phi Beta Kappa. He is 
an Episcopalian in rehgious faith, and in 
politics a Democrat. 

Now in his seventy-sixth year, Mr. Val- 
entine has not laid aside his active work, but 
is still the creator of the beautiful in art. 
He is a man of charming personality, known 
and loved by all Richmond. He is wholly 



free from all afifectation or assumption, 
simple and natural in his conversation, and 
apparently unconscious of his own great- 
ness. To young men he gives this word : 
"Have faith in your work and work with 
faith in God." 

Mr. Valentine married (first) in 1872, 
Alice Churchill Robinson, of the King and 
Queen county family of that name. It was 
uf her death, in 1883, that Paul Hamilton 
I-Jayne wrote the beautiful poem entitled, 
"His Lost Andromache." In 1892 Mr. Val- 
entine married (second) Mrs. Mayo, of 
Richmond, formerly Miss Catherine Friend, 
of Petersburg, Virginia. In his home on 
Sixth street, as in his studio, there is every- 
thing to stimulate the art impulse ; rare 
pictures, curio specimens of empire furni- 
ture, delicate foreign china of antique de- 
sign, and the like. A portrait of special 
interest is that of his father, Mann S. Val- 
entine, painted in the uniform of a lieuten- 
ant of the Public Guard, Virginia and South 
Carolina being the only states which main- 
tained such a military body. Another por- 
trait is of the sculptor's cousin, Mrs, Allan, 
the beautiful Richmond woman, who adop- 
ted Edgar Allan Poe, and whose name will 
go down in history with his. 

Edmund Brice Addison. Although a resi- 
dent of Richmond, \'irginia, since 1861, and 
for half a century a leading business man of 
that city, Mr. Addison is not a native born 
son, but descends from distinguished Mary- 
land families, Addison, Dulany, Smith and 
others. 

(I) He is a grandson of the eminent and 
greatly beloved Rev. Walter Dulany Addi- 
son, who in 1893 ^^"^^ ordained a minister of 
the Protestant Episcopal church at Easton, 
Maryland, by the Right Rev. Thomas J. 
Claggett. Rev. Walter D. Addison, as is 
learned from a most interesting book, "One 
Hundred Years Ago," written by his grand- 
daughter, Elizabeth Hesselius Murray, and 
published in 1895, was a descendant of Colo- 
nel John Addison, who came to this country 
from England in the year 1667, Colonel 
John Addison was a brother of Rev. Launce- 
lot Addison, Dean of Litchfield, father of 
the noted Joseph Addison, He was also a 
brother of Rev. Anthony Addison, B. D,, 
rector of Abington and chaplain to the Duke 
of Marlborough, He died in 1719, and is 
buried under the altar of the church he 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



19 



served. Rev. Launcelot Addison is buried 
in the Cathedral of Litchfield, where over 
the door is to be seen the Addison arms. In 
common with his family in England, Colo- 
nel John Addison was a Whig in politics, 
and his signature is found on an address of 
congratulation to King William. He was a 
Privy Councillor of the "intruding govern- 
ment introduced by the Protestant Revolu- 
tion." "In 1692 he was a member of his 
Majesties Council and presiding judge of 
Charles county." He also distinguished him- 
self in the encounters of the colonists with 
the Indians, and was commissioned colonel 
of the "Military Establishment of the Col- 
ony." He was the leading commissioner in 
establishing St. John's parish, Maryland, and 
in building Broad Creek Church, of which 
his great-grandson. Rev. Walter D. Addi- 
son, was later rector. He was a large sub- 
scriber and one of the trustees of King Wil- 
liam's School, at that time about to be made 
a free school. He married the widow of 
Thomas Dene, she was a daughter of Rev. 
A\'illiam Atkinson, the first clergyman of 
the church of England to come to the prov- 
ince of Maryland and the owner of twelve 
thousand acres of land. Returning to Eng- 
land on business. Colonel Addison died in 
that country, intestate, leaving considerable 
Avealth there besides "a very large landed 
estate in this country." 

(II) Colonel Thomas Addison, only son 
of Colonel John Addison, greatly increased 
and improved the estate left by his father, 
and became influential in church and colony. 
He was colonel of the militia. Privy Coun- 
cillor, 1721 to 1727, and visitor to the Free 
Schools. He married (first) Elizabeth Tas- 
ker, who bore him daughters, Rebecca and 
Eleanor. He married (second) Eleanor, 
daughter of Colonel Walter Smith, who bore 
him a daughter and four sons, who were 
educated at Lowther, England, under the 
direction of Mr. Wilkinson, one of the first 
scholars of his day. 

(HI) John Addison, son of Colonel 
Thomas Addison and his second wife, 
Eleanor (Smith) Addison, inherited the 
greater part of his father's Maryland estate. 
He married Susannah Wilkinson and had 
sons, Thomas and John, and daughters, 
Ann, married a Mr. Carr, and Eleanor, mar- 
ried Rev. Jonathan Boucher. 

(IV) Thomas (2) Addison, eldest son of 
John and Susannah (Wilkinson) Addison. 



married Rebecca Dulany, daughter of \\'al- 
ter and Mary (Grafton) Dulany, of Anna- 
polis, Maryland, and granddaughter of Dan- 
iel Dulany, a prominent man of early Mary- 
land. Daniel Dulany was a student of Trin- 
ity College. Dublin, when a quarrel with his 
step-mother induced his father to withdraw 
his allowance. He left college, and being 
without funds indentured himself to the 
captain of a vessel loading for Maryland. 
On his arrival he was transferred to Colonel 
George Plater, attorney-general of the 
Providence, who paid the captain for his 
passage, and finding him an educated gen- 
tleman he made the runaway his clerk. 
Later Daniel Dulany studied law under 
Colonel Plater, and in 1710 was admitted to 
the provincial bar, and in 1716 went to Lon- 
don, where he was a student of law at 
Gray's Inn. On his return to Maryland he 
married a daughter of Governor Plater, and 
after her death married a daughter of Colo- 
nel Walter Smith and sister of Eleanor, wife 
of Colonel Thomas Addison. For nearly 
forty years Daniel Dulany held high posi- 
tion in Mar3dand government and in the 
aiTections of the people. He was succes- 
sively alderman, councilman and recorder of 
the city of Annapolis^, attorney-general, 
judge of the admiralty, commissary-general, 
receiver-general and councillor of the prov- 
ince, holding the latter office under Gov- 
ernors' Bladen, Ogle and Sharpe. For sev- 
eral years he was leader of the "Country" 
party in the Maryland house of assembly. 
He died in 1753 and was buried with his 
second wife in an Annapolis cemetery, 
where their tombs may yet be seen. In 
1728 he caused to be built a mansion in 
Annapolis, that in 1808 was sold with seven 
acres of ground to the government by Major 
\\''alter Dulany. The old mansion stood 
until 1883, when it was torn down by Cap- 
tain Ramsay, superintendent of the Naval 
Academy, to make room for a more modern 
residence for the commandant. Congress 
resented the action and refused to vote 
means to erect the new building. After 
Captain Ramsay passed, the building was 
erected as nearly as possible on the same 
plan as the "old Dulany house" and with tlie 
old brick. This old mansion, with its beau- 
tiful gardens extending to the water edge, 
was Walter Dulany's home and later his 
son-in-law, Thomas Addison, made it his 
home and there Rev. W'alter Dulanv Addi- 



20 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



son, son of Thomas and Rebecca (Dulany) 
Addison, was born. The family name, orig- 
inally deLaune, later became Delany, and 
there is in the family a letter from Dean 
Patrick Delany asking Daniel why he 
changed his name to Dulany. Perhaps the 
circumstances under which Daniel left his 
Irish home furnish the reason. 

(V) Rev. Walter Dulany Addison, eldest 
son of Thomas (2) and Rebecca (Dulany) 
Addison, was born in Annapolis. Maryland, 
January I, 1769, at the old Dulany man- 
sion, the home of his maternal grandpar- 
ents, Walter and Mary (Grafton) Dulany, 
the latter a daughter of Richard Grafton. 
Thomas Addison died in 1775, his father- 
in-law preceding him to the grave in 1773. 
I'homas Addison left his estate in a pros- 
perous condition and made provision in his 
will that his sons should be sent to Eng- 
land to be educated. His widow remained 
at Oxon Hill, the family home, and in Au- 
gust, 1784, Walter D. and his two brothers 
sailed for London, entering a classical 
school in Greenwich, where they remained 
until 1787, then spent about six months in 
Dr. Piarrows school. Walter D., returning 
to Maryland in the summer of 1789. He 
pursued theological'study, and in June, 1793, 
removed his residence to Oxon Hill, which 
he owned. On May 26, 1793, he was or- 
dained "unto the Holy Order of Deacons" 
by Bishop Thomas John Claggett, the first 
bishop consecrated in America and this his 
first ordination. The young clergyman was 
first placed in charge of Queen Anne's par- 
ish, Prince George's county, continuing there 
until 1801, then returned to Oxon Hill, 
where for some years he continued to preach 
at dififerent churches, more especially at St. 
John's "Broad Creek." About this time he 
purchased the Hart Park estate and moved 
his residence there. In 1800 he moved to 
Annapolis. Later he became rector of Pis- 
cataway or Broad Creek parish, containing 
three churches, where he continued until 
1809, and from that year until 1821 he was 
rector of St. John's, Georgetown. 

He was esteemed and beloved by his 
people and greatly revered for his unaffected 
piety. In 1817 his eyesight began to fail 
and he sent in his resignation, but it was not 
accepted. In 1821 he resigned and took 
charge of Rock Creek and Addison's Chapel, 
but in 1823 returned to St. John's, remain- 
ing until 1827. In 1824 his eye trouble re- 



turned and he was threatened with blind- 
ness. In the following six years blindness, 
bereavement and poverty overtook him. His 
large property he had given away and lost, 
his slaves he freed and to every man's needs 
hi had given liberally. Oxon Hill had been 
sold, as had Hyde Park, and with David 
he could say "All Thy waves and Thy 
storms have gone over me." But his later 
years, although spent in darkness, were 
beautiful years, and he was tenderly cher- 
ished in the homes of his children. He died 
January 31, 1848, on Sunday morning, and 
according to his wish he was buried at Oxon 
Hill, the family burial ground being retained 
when the estate was sold. 

Rev. Walter D. Addison married, in June 
1792, Elizabeth Hesselius, daughter of John 
and Mary (Young) Hesselius, of "Primrose 
Hill," the family home, two miles from An- 
napolis, the latter named having been left 
a widow with four daughters at the age of 
twenty-two years, and married (second) 
John Hesselius, an artist of some distinc- 
t'on. She was the daughter of Richard 
Young, who died in 1784, and left her, his 
only child, the estate known as "Primrose 
Hill." Rev. Walter D. Addison and his wife 
were the parents of several sons and one 
daughter ; the sons were men of high char- 
acter and learning, who ever cherished the 
fondest memories of their honored parents 
and of the old Oxon Hill home. 

(VI) Dr. Edmund Brice Addison, eldest 
son of Rev. Walter Dulany and Elizabeth 
(Hesselius) Addison, was born at Oxon 
Hill, near Annapolis, Maryland, in 1794, 
died in Washington, D. C, in 1878. He was 
finely educated in the classics, possessed a 
highly developed literary mind, and had he 
desired to confine himself to the practice 
of medicine closely he would have been one 
of the great men of his profession. He was 
a graduate M. D. and practiced in Mary- 
land, but he preferred the quiet of his coun- 
try home in Baltimore county, Marvland, 
and the pleasures his well-stocked librarv 
gave him. After the death of his wife he 
moved to Alexandria, where he lived in deep- 
est seclusion, devoting himself entirely to 
his children, who adored him. He possessed 
a keen sense of humor, which, joined to 
his highly-cultivated mind and retentive 
memory, rendered him a charming com- 
panion. He wrote considerable, including 
an uniniblished volume of "Recollections," 



THE NEW YORK J 




I-n.i,!i^rB.!:- 



\uil;ft^ 



\IRG1XIA BIOGRAPHY 



21 



written for his children, and many verses. 
In his latter j-ears he lost his sight, which 
t(i a man of his scholarly attainments was 
a crushing blow, but no one ever heard a 
murmur of complaint over his afifliction. In 
a letter written to a friend just before his 
death, he said: "From childhood to youth, 
from manhood to old age. I have been con- 
tinually blessed in every phase of my life." 
In some verses composed after his affliction, 
he says : 

Father of light, thougli 'reft of outward sense, 
Thou givest me faith and hope, sweet recompense; 
Through the dark valley which must soon be trod, 
These lights di\ine will lead me home to God. 

Dr. Edmund B. Addison married Eliza D. 
Howie, born in Maryland, where she died in 
the prime of her womanhood, aged thirty- 
eight years, in 1846. Six of their ten chil- 
dren are living: Walter Dulany, of Califor- 
nia ; Edmund Brice Jr., of further mention ; 
C atherine. of Washington, D. C. ; Mary, of 
Washington. D. C. ; Charles G., of Prince 
George's county, Maryland ; Thomas D. of 
P'airfax count}'. Virginia. 

(\'II) Edmund Brice (2) Addison, third 
son of Dr. Edmund Brice (i) and Eliza D. 
( Bowie) Addison, was born in Prince 
George's county, Maryland, May 25, 1834. 
He was educated in Alexandria, Virginia, 
and Washington, D. C., and under the teach- 
ing of his scholarly, honored father. He be- 
gan business life as a commission merchant 
in Alexandria, Virginia. In 1861 he located 
in Richmond. Virginia, where during the 
entire war period he was attached to the 
arsenal, in the employ of the Confederate 
government. After the war he entered mer- 
cantile business in Richmond, became junior 
of the firm of Allison & Addison, and in 1895 
became associated with the Virginia-Caro- 
lina Chemical Company, of which corpor- 
ation he is first vice-president. He has led 
an active business life, has been associated 
with many Richmond enterprises of the past 
and present, and stands high in the commer- 
cial world. He was one of the trustees of 
the old Mutual Assurance Society of Vir- 
ginia, is now vice-president of the \'irginia 
Fire and Marine Insurance Compan}-, direc 
tor of the National State and City Bank, 
director of the Virginia Trust Company, and 
has other interests of scarcely less import- 
ance, in addition to his holdings in the Vir- 
ginia-Carolina Chemical Company, one of 



the largest concerns of its kind in the south. 
He adheres to the religious faith of his dis- 
tinguished forbears, and is a communicant 
of St. James' Protestant Episcopal Church, 
of Richmond. 

Edmund Brice Addison Jr. married, Octo- 
ber 21, 1859, in Alexandria, X'irginia, Emily 
Crockford, born in New Jersey, of English 
parentage, daughter of John and Ellen 
Crockford, who came to New Jersey from 
England when young, John Crockford, a 
civil engineer. Children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Addison : Nellie, widow of Robert G. Ren- 
nolds ; John A., of Ashland. \'irginia ; W'al- 
Ler Edmund, of Lynchburg, \"irginia ; James 
A., connected with the Richmond Savings 
Bank; Eliza, married John H. Lyons, of 
Richmond, Virginia; William Meade, cash- 
ier of the First National B)ank of Richmond ; 
Emily, married David Gray Langhorne ; 
Edmund Brice (3). died aged one year. 

George Walter Stevens. Coming upon 
the active battlefield of life at the beginning 
of the period of wonderful national pros- 
perity that followed the unhappy war be- 
tween the states, Mr. Stevens has been a 
jjart of that development, and an important 
factor in its continuance. For fifty years 
identified with the railway service of the 
country, he has risen from a lowly to a 
conspicuous place among the veteran rail- 
road men of the nation. Beginning at the 
age of thirteen years as messenger boy in 
the oflice of the station agent of the Balti- 
more & Ohio Railroad Company at L'tica, 
Ohio, he rose through merit arid loyalty 
from plane to plane of greater responsibility, 
until he reached the president's chair, which 
he now most capably fills. No favored child 
of fortune, but the builder of his own for- 
tunes, Mr. Stevens has won every step for- 
ward by proving his ability in each posi- 
tion occupied, thereby winning the entire 
confidence of higher officials through whom 
promotion must come. His career is not 
only an example, but an incentive to the 
American youth, proving as it does the pos- 
sibilities this country opens to the ambiti- 
ous, clean living, right-minded, young man. 

George Walter Stevens was born at Utica, 
Licking county, Ohio, June 29, 185 1, son of 
James Smith Stevens, a prominent mer- 
chant, and his wife. Julia Ann ( Penn) 
Stevens. He is of English ancestry, his 
paternal forbears settling in Connecticut in 



22 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



the seventeenth century. His maternal an- 
cestors were from Maryland. His early life 
was spent in Utica, where he attended the 
public school until thirteen years of age. 
He then began his long career as a railroad 
man, a career that now covers half a cen- 
tury of the greatest national progress. On 
February I. 18^4, he began work in the office 
of the agent of the ISaltimore & Ohio as 
messenger boy, continuing with that com- 
pany six years, serving as messenger and 
agent's clerk and telegraph operator. Those 
six years were well spent. Not only did 
they bring well gained information, but val- 
uable experience was gained and a reputa- 
tion for diligence, carefulness, willingness 
and trustworthiness firmly established. 

Terminating his connection with the Bal- 
timore & Ohio, he entered the service of the 
Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railway, 
serving as agent, train dispatcher's assist- 
ant and train dispatcher, spending three 
years with this company, and with each 
year rising in rank and experience. In 1873 
he entered the employ of the Wabash, St. 
Louis & Pacific Railway, continuing with 
that company and its successors, filling still 
more and more important positions. For 
eight years he was train dispatcher, for two 
years superintendent of the Ohio & Indiana 
division, for three and a half years superin- 
tendent of the Eastern division, and from 
January i, 1887, to November 10, 1889. as- 
sistant general superintendent. He then 
transferred his allegiance to the Chesapeake 
& Ohio Railway Company, accepting the 
appointment of division superintendent with 
headquarters at Richmond, Virginia. The 
years had now added to his strong character 
qualifications the experience and knowledge 
necessary to further advancement, which 
quickly came. On January I, 1890, he was 
promoted to the office of general superin- 
tendent of the Chesapeake & Ohio, this be- 
ing followed, July i, 1891, by his appoint- 
ment as general manager. Nine years were 
spent in this position, when again he was 
called to greater responsibilities. On Feb- 
ruary I. 1900, he was elected president of 
the road. He is also president of the Hock- 
ing Valley Railway Company, elected in 
March, 1910, and of the Chesapeake & Ohio 
Railway Company, of Indiana, elected July 
I. 1910. the latter company being formerly 
known as the Chicago, Cincinnati & I^ouis- 



ville Railway, the short line between Cin- 
cinnati and Chicago. 

Having now reached the highest position 
a railroad company can bestow, it is inter- 
esting to know that this "man from the 
ranks" has made a forceful, successful com- 
mander, repeating in his higher responsi- 
bilities the successes of each lower position 
held. The system he controls is an import- 
ant one, and with his control directors and 
patrons are well satisfied. He has built up a 
large traffic for the system, as he pre- 
viously built it for division and line by 
catering to the upbuilding of business 
of every kind in the territory which the sys- 
tem serves. He is decidedly averse to some 
of the practice common enough in railway 
ojieration, and is old fashioned enough to 
believe that a railroad can best advance its 
own interests by loyal service to all the 
business interests of its territory. This 
sound business doctrine, loyally worked out 
by his subordinate officials, has brought 
iJiosjjerity to the road and to its patrons, 
and establishes Mr. Stevens' contention. 
That a railroad occupies a very intimate 
lelation to the development of the country 
through which it runs, and that the develop- 
ment of the one means the natural advance- 
ment of the other, is well known. Neither 
the rights nor convenience of the shipper, 
ror the dividend earning rights of the stock- 
holder are sacrificed to one another, but both 
are secure by Mr. Stevens' wise, conserva- 
tive, careful and equitable management. 
Hence, travel where you will along the lines 
of the Chesapeake & Ohio system, and you 
will find him everywhere commended as a 
jHiblic-spirited, progressive executive. 

Ha])py as are his relations with patron, 
stockholder and director, he is nowhere 
more highly respected, honored or loved 
than by his subordinates of the system. 
Himself a self-taught man, he has the deep- 
est sympathy with every movement tend- 
ing to increase the opportunities railroad men 
may have for self-improvement through 
good books, study and social intercourse. 
This interest and sympathy has centered in 
the railroad Young Alen's Christian Asso- 
ciation, whose work he has grandly fur- 
thered in Richmond and at many other 
places along the line. Many associations 
have been formed through his efiforts, and 
through his financial aid manv suitable 



VIRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



23 



buildings ha\e been equipped. Mr. Stevens 
takes not only the view of the humanitarian 
in regard to Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation work among railroad men, but also 
that of the practical business man. He in- 
sists that a comfortable room where rail- 
road employees can gather under proper 
influence, to read and enjoy social inter- 
ctnirse, will promote not only their interests 
but the interests of the railways by which 
they are employed. This is another view 
of the same doctrine of "community of in- 
terest," that he believes should exist be- 
tween railway and shipper. The Railroad 
Young Men's Christian Association build- 
ing at Richmond, erected at an expense of 
$100,000. is one of the results of President 
Stevens' help and interest in the welfare of 
the railroad employee. His principle of 
co-operation between carrier and shipper, 
employer and employee, is based upon the 
soundest business principles, and their ap- 
plication has resulted most happily for the 
corporations over which President Stevens 
has authority. In a not less degree, have 
shippers and employees benefitted ; which 
fact leads to the hope that the gospel he 
preaches and exemplifies may spread until 
strikes and lockouts with all their attending 
misery may forever disappear from our fair 
land. 

President Stevens is a member of the 
Westmoreland, Commonwealth and Coun- 
try clubs of Richmond and the Railroad 
Club, of New York, and everywhere known 
he is popular, honored and respected. Able 
and untiring in business, genial and kindly- 
hearted, he is the ideal leader of men, and 
while he stands at the head of his particular 
branch of activity, his career is not finished, 
but the biographer of the future will chron- 
icle many more years of this useful life. 

Mr. Stevens married, December 2"] . 1881, 
Virginia, daughter of James S. Wilson, of 
Logansport, Indiana. Children : Helen, James 
Paul, Cecil Wade, George Wilson. The 
family home is at Richmond, Virginia. Mrs 
Stevens died on .August 28, 1904. 

Rev. Landon Randolph Mason. "Gun- 

ston Hall," on the l)ank of the Potomac, the 
ancestral home of this branch of the Masons 
of Virginia, was built by Cieorge Mason, the 
statesman whom Thomas Jefferson declared 
"a man of expansive mind, profound judg- 
ment, urgent in argument, learned in the 



lore of our former constitution, and earnest 
for the republican change on democratic 
principles." Cjeorge Mason, the statesman, 
was the great-grandfather of Rev. Landon 
R. Mason, who through him descends from 
Colonel George Mason, a member of the 
English Parliament in the reign of Charles 
I. and an officer in the army of Charles II., 
who, after the defeat at Worcester in 1617 
escaped to Virginia in disguise, losing his 
estate in England. From Colonel George 
Mason sprang George Mason, the states- 
man, born in Doeg's, afterwards Alason's 
Neck, in .Stafford (now Fairfax) county, 
X'irginia, in 1726. 

After the marriage of George Mason, the 
statesman, to Ann, daughter of Colonel 
William Eilbeck, of Maryland, he built 
"Gunston Hall" on the bank of the Potomac 
river, where he took up his permanent resi- 
dence. "Gunston Hall" continued in the 
Mason ownership until after the war, 1861- 
1865, and there George Mason lived on terms 
of intimacy with his friend as well as neigh- 
bor, George Washington, Truro parish in- 
cluding both Mount Vernon and Gunston 
Hall. It was Mason's pen that drew up the 
non-importation resolutions which were 
presented by Washington and unanimously 
adopted by the Virginia legislature in 1769, 
one of them pledging the planters to buy no 
slaves imported after November i of that 
year. Against the assertion of the British 
Parliament of the right to tax the colonies. 
Mason wrote a tract entitled "Extracts from 
the \'irginia Charters, with some Remarks 
upon Them." At a meeting of the people 
of Fairfax county, Virginia, July 17, 1774, 
he presented a series of twenty-four reso- 
lutions which reviewed the whole ground of 
controversy, advised a congress of the colo- 
nies, and urged the policy of non-intercourse 
with the Mother Country. The Virginia 
convention sanctioned these resolutions and 
on October 20, 1774, they were substantially 
adopted by the First Continental Congress. 
In 1775 George Mason was a member of the 
\'irginia Convention, but he declined an 
election to Congress for family reasons 
and urged Francis Lightfoot Lee to take 
his place. He, however, served as a mem- 
ber of the Virginia committee of safety and 
supported open rupture with England. He 
was the author of the famous "l3eclaration 
of Rights" and the plan of government 
unanimously accepted by the Virginia con- 



24 



MRGTXIA BIOCRAPHY 



vention of 1776. His ability in debate, as 
well as his liberal spirit, was eminently dis- 
played in the first legislature of Virginia 
when he was striving for the repeal of all 
disabling acts and for the legalization of all 
modes of worship, James Aladison pro- 
nouncing him the finest debater he had ever 
known. In 1777 George Mason was chosen 
tci the Continental Congress, but declined to 
serve. In 1787, however, he sat in the con- 
vention called to frame the federal consti- 
tution. He took a leading part in the con- 
vention debates and supported the election 
of the president of the United States directly 
by the people for a term of seven years, with 
subsequent ineligibility. He spoke with 
greatest force against that clause of the 
Constitution which prohibited the abolition 
of the slave trade until 1808, declaring that 
slavery was a source of national weakness 
and demoralization and that it was there- 
fore essential that the general government 
should have power to prevent its increase. 
Propositions to make slaves equal to free- 
men as a basis of representation and to re- 
quire a property qualification from voters 
were strongly opposed by him. He con- 
sidered some of the features of the Con- 
stitution, as agreed on in the convention, so 
dangerous that he refused to sign it and 
afterward in \'irginia opposed its ratifica- 
tion, in this aiding Patrick Henry, the two 
insisting on a bill of rights and about twenty 
alterations in the Constitution itself. Some 
of these amendments were subsequently 
adopted by Congress and are now a part of 
the Constitution. He was chosen one of 
tlie first United States senators from Vir- 
gmia, but declined the honor and retired to 
Gunston Hall, where he spent the remainder 
of his years, dying there October 7, 1792. 

Dr. Richard Chichester Alason, grandson 
of George Alason and his wife, Ann (Eil- 
beck) ^Iason, was born at Gunston Hall, 
Fairfax count) , \"irginia, and died at Alex- 
andria. \"irginia, in 1868, aged seventy-five 
years. He was for many years a physician 
of Alexandria, a devoted follower of his pro- 
fession, but retired to live on his estate near 
Moimt \"ernon when about forty-five years 
of age, and in his later years suffered with 
the other citizens of that place from the 
ravages of war. I3r. Richard Chichester 
Mason married Lucy Boiling Randolph, 
daughter of William Randolph, a member 
of the noted X'irginia family first founded 



ii! the colony on Turkey Island. (See record 
in this work). Dr. Mason and his wife were 
the parents of sixteen children, of whom 
four are living at this time: Pinckney, a 
teacher of Washington. District of Colum- 
bia; John Stevens, a farmer of Fauquier 
county, Virginia: Eva, married a Mr. IJeth, 
deceased, and resides in Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and Landon Randolph, of 
whom further. 

Rev. Landon Randolph Mason, son of 
Dr. Richard Chichester and Lucy Boiling 
(Randolph) Mason, was born in Fairfax 
county, Virginia, January i, 1842. He lived 
in this district, engaged in preparatory 
study, until the beginning of the war be- 
tween the states, when he left school to 
enlist in the Seventeenth Virginia Regi- 
ment, serving throughout the entire con- 
flict. During the last year of the war he 
was in Colonel Mosby's command, and one 
month before the restoration of peace was 
taken prisoner and was confined in Fort 
\\arren, as a guerilla captive not subject 
to exchange. For three years after the close 
of the war he followed the sea as secretary 
to a high naval officer, and was then for one 
year a school teacher, in 1870 entering the 
Theological Seminar}- at Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia. He was graduated in divinity in 1873 
and soon afterward was regularly ordained 
a clergyman of the Episcopal church. The 
first eight years of his ministry were passed 
in Charlotte county, Virginia, where he 
served churches at Charlotte Court House, 
Keesville, and Chase City, as well as super- 
intending active work in missions through- 
out the county. For a term of nine years 
he was pastor of the church at Shepherds- 
town, JeiTerson county. West Virginia, 
whence, after a most successful and agree- 
able stay, he went to Marietta, Georgia. In 
this latter place he remained for but six 
months, in 1891 accepting his present charge 
in this city, the Grace Church. It is now 
nearly a quarter of a century since Rev. 
Mason took his place in the religious life of 
Richmond, and each passing year has served 
but to seat him more firmly in the love 
and regard of his people, and to heighten the 
universal respect in which he is held in the 
city. He has devoted himself with zealous 
consecration to his church and congregation, 
and has taught in his works the great lesson 
of service to such good effect that new spirit 
has cntired the church, rousing the congre- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



25 



gation to greater activity and renewed ef- 
forts in the Great Cause. His personality 
lias pervaded and enveloped all branches of 
the activity of the church, its organizations 
have felt his aid and influence, and with but 
little of its work has he been unidentified. 
Rev. Mason has been true to the highest 
ideals of the Christian ministry, has literally 
spent himself lavishly, and in so doing has 
won the unquestioning co-operation, the 
firm support of officers and people of his 
church. 

He married, at Alexandria, \'irginia, in 
1875, Lucy Mason Ambler, born in Fauquier 
county, Virginia, and has had six children : 
Anna, died aged three years; Randolph 
Fitzhugh. a teacher and clay modeler of 
Richmond ; John Ambler, an engineer of 
Baltimore. Maryland ; Lucy Randolph, un- 
married, connected with the Richmond 
Young Women's Christian Association ; 
Landon Randolph (2), a concrete dealer of 
Portland, Oregon ; Ida Oswald, married 
Tavlor Burke, a banker of Alexandria, Vir- 
ginia. 

Edward Everett Holland, M. C. The Hol- 
land family has been identified with the 
county of Nansemond for many generations. 
I'-ishop Meade mentions Henry Holland as 
a vestryman of the L^pper parish of Nanse- 
mond in 1748 when the erection of a new 
church at Suffolk was ordered. The pro- 
genitors of Edward E. Holland were plant- 
ers of the county and men of high stand- 
ing. He is a great-grandson of Job, grand- 
son of Zachariah, and son of Zachariah E. 
and Ann Scott ( Pretlow) Holland. 

Fldward Everett Holland was born in 
Nansemond county, Virginia, February 26, 
1861. He was educated in Richmond Col- 
lege and the University of Virginia, obtain- 
ing his professional edvication in the law 
department of the latter institution. He was 
admitted to practice at the Virginia bar in 
1882 and at once located in Suffolk, Virginia, 
where he has since continuously practiced 
his profession in the county, state and fed- 
eral courts of the district. He has gained 
distinction in his profession, has been also 
one of the active business men of his city, 
and has devoted much of his time and ability 
tc the public service of his city, county, state 
and nation. Since 1892 he has been president 
of the Farmers' Bank, of Nansemond, Suf- 
folk ; is a director in several local companies, 
and has other interests of importance. 



A Democrat in politics, his public service 
began with his election to the chairmanship 
of the executive committee of the Nanse- 
mond County Democratic Committee in 
1883. Later he was elected a member of 
the state executive committee. In 1885 he 
was elected mayor of Suffolk, serving two 
years. In 1887 he was elected common- 
wealth's attorney for Nansemond county, 
holding that imjjortant position continu- 
ously through successive re-elections until 
1908. As commonwealth's attorney he added 
tc> his fame as a lawyer and rendered valu- 
able service in the administration of justice. 
In 1908 he was elected state senator, serv- 
ing until called higher by his election as 
representative from the Second Virginia 
Congressional District to the Sixty-second 
Congress of the United States. He took his 
seat in that body March 4, 191 1, serving his 
term with acceptability to his constituents, 
who returned him to the Sixty-third Con- 
gress by a large \ote. The forgoing shows 
a continuous public service of thirty years, 
but does little more than indicate the value 
of this service, lie has met every circum- 
stance and condition of his public career 
openly and creditably, has given his best 
thought and action for the public good and 
sunk personal feelings and desires in the 
welfare of all. Strong in debate, eloquent 
in speech and of tireless energy he is one 
of the useful, reliable members of Congress, 
respected alike by friend and opponent. 

Mr. Holland is a member of the County, 
State and American Law associations, trus- 
tee of Elon (North Carolina) College; a 
member of the Masonic Order and also of 
the Knights of Pythias and Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. His college frater- 
nity is Beta Theta Pi, his clubs, Westmore- 
land, of Richmond, and Virginia Club, of 
Norfolk, \'irginia. 

In religious connection he is a memlier 
of the Christian church. He married, No- 
vember 26. 1884, S. Otelia Lee, daughter of 
Patrick Henry and Joanna (Rawles) Lee, 
of the ancient and honorable Lee family, of 
Virginia. She died in 1894, leaving two 
children : Lee Pretlow, born September 2, 
1885, and Elizabeth Otelia Lee. 

Captain Carter Braxton. Captain Carter 
Braxton, like so many of the rising men of 
Virginia today, is a member of an eminent 
family of the "Old Dominion," which suf- 
fered such reverses in the civil war that its 



26 



\IRG1XIA "BIOGRAPHY 



scins have had to1)fgin Hfe anew on the same 
basis with tlie hunihlest members of society. 
He is descended from Cieorge Braxton, a 
wealthy and honorable settler at Chericoke, 
King ^\'ilIiam county, Virginia, in 1690, and 
of Hon. Carter Braxton, one of the signers 
of the Declaration of Independence. His 
paternal grandparents were Dr. Corbin and 
Mary (Tomlin) Braxton, of King William 
county, and his father, Dr. Tomlin Braxton, 
who married Mary Caperton, a daughter of 
the late United States Senator Allen T. Cap- 
erton, of West Virginia. Dr. Tomlin Brax- 
ton was a graduate of the medical depart- 
ment of the University of Virginia, and was 
engaged in the practice of medicine all his 
life. 

Ca]5tain Carter Braxton was born March 
14, 1870, at Chericoke, King William county, 
Virginia, and obtained the elementary por- 
tion of his education at the private school 
of Colonel Thomas H. Carter. He later 
entered the law department of the Univer- 
sity of Virginia and took a two years course, 
1890 and 1891. In the latter year he was 
admitted to the \'irginia bar and since that 
time has been in continuous practice of his 
profession at Staunton, \'irginia. Mr. Brax- 
ton is a Democrat in politics and very active 
in state affairs. His elder brother, Allen 
Caperton Braxton, who has since distin- 
guished himself greatly through his partici- 
pation in the \^irginia Constitutional Con 
vention of 1901 and 1902. held between the 
years 1885 and 1889 the position of common- 
wealth attorney for the city of Staunton, and 
to this same ofifice Carter Braxton was 
elected in 1898, where he acquitted himself 
so brilliantly that he has been re-elected at 
each election since. Upon the outbreak of 
the war with Spain, Mr. Braxton entered 
the service as a lieutenant in Company K, 
Second Regiment of Virginia Volunteers. 
He did not see active service, however, as 
his regiment got no farther than Jackson- 
ville, Florida. He was appointed staff aide 
to General Henry T. Douglas and occupied 
this office until, at the cessation of hostilities 
he was mustered out of service. After the 
Spanish war he was elected captain of Com- 
pany K. Seventieth Virginia \'olunteers. 
Resigned from this and became regimental 
adjutant, with rank of captain. Besides his 
many private and public activities, Mr. 
Braxton finds time to identify himself promi- 
nently with a number of fraternal organiza- 



tions, and is a member of the Protective and 
Picnevolent Order of Elks and the Fraternal 
Order of Eagles. 

Mr. Braxton married, August 30, 1898, 
Estanola T. V. Menefee, a daughter of 
Thomas K. and Lucy (Hammond) Mene- 
fee, of Staunton, Virginia, and to them has 
been born one daughter, Mary Caperton 
Braxton, at present a student at the Stuart 
Ilall Seminary, Staunton, Virginia. 

James Nalle Boyd. Boyd, the "fair 
haired" Scotchman, founded a family that 
was prominent in Scotch history and one 
that is now found in all parts of the United 
States. The ancestors of James Nalle Boyd, 
of Richmond, Virginia, were of the Glas- 
gow, Scotland, branch. He is a grandson 
of John H. Boyd, of Virginia, who married 
Elizabeth Foushee, and died in 1866, ad- 
\'anced in years. He was a veteran of the 
war of 181 2, and located in Richmond after 
the war. 

(II) John W. Boyd, son of John H. and 
Elizabeth (Foushee) Boyd, was a dry goods 
merchant of Baltimore, Maryland, later of 
Richmond. \'irginia. He was a man of 
prominence and one of the oldest of the 
Richmond Light Infantry Blues. He mar- 
ried \'irginia Nalle, a maternal granddaugh- 
ter of James and Eliza Howlett. 

(III) James Nalle Boyd, son of John W. 
and \'irginia ( Nalle) Boyd, was born at 
Richmond, ^'irginia. May 28, 1850. His 
father died when he was about six years 
ot age, and his school years was ended by 
the war between the states. He was pri- 
vately taught vmtil 1859 when he became 
a student at the old Roger Martin Academy, 
an institution located in Richmond and then 
numbering about two hundred boys as 
pupils. He attended this school until 1863 
and on April i, 1864, he enlisted in Com- 
pany F, Twenty-first Virginia Regiment of 
Infantry, the Confederate army marching- 
through Amelia county, Virginia, firing his 
Ixnish patriotism, he then being not quite 
fourteen years of age. His military career 
was a short one, as a few days later at the 
fierce battle of Sailor's Creek he was taken 
prisoner. This battle was fought near 
Farmville, \'irginia. and on the confederate 
side the troo])S were mostly young men and 
boys. After the war the lad in years, but 
a veteran in experience, returned to Rich- 
mond and there began a business career that 





s-^ ^ ^-o: f^sa^-zs i5^i?^^-"> 



THE NEW YORK j 
PUBLIC LlP^*^t<Y| 






in, ufo' I 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



27 



has been a most successful and important 
one. He worked for four years for Thomas 
& Oliver, tobacco manufacturers and dealers 
of Richmond, 1866 to 1870, then formed the 
firm of James N. Boyd & Company and en- 
gaged in business for himself as dealers in 
leaf tobacco, buying and exporting. This 
firm is still an important factor in the 
tobacco trade, ^Ir. Boyd having always re- 
tained his interest, and since the incorpo- 
ration of the firm in 1896 he has been its 
efficient president. As he increased in busi- 
ness experience and power he extended his 
activities and has become one of the leading 
business men of this city. He is president 
of the Planters National Bank of Richmond, 
director of the \'irginia Trust Company and 
the Southern Biscuit Works of Richmond, 
and formerly a director of the Virginia- 
Carolina Chemical Company of Richmond 
and the Southern Cotton Oil Company of 
New York, and has unofficial connection 
with many Richmond and Virginia enter- 
prises. He is well known and highly re- 
garded in business circles, and in club life 
is equally prominent. While his parents 
were both members of Centenary Methodist 
Episcopal Church, of Richmond, Mr. Boyd 
and his immediate family are members of 
All Saints Protestant Episcopal Church, of 
which he is a vestryman. 

Following his early war experience of 
1865, Mr. Boyd, in 1870, enlisted in Com- 
pany F, First Regiment Virginia Militia, 
serving for four years. He is a member of 
the First Regiment Association, the Busi- 
ness Men's Club of Richmond, a director of 
the Police Benevolent Association, member 
of the Westmoreland and Commonwealth 
clubs of Richmond, the Country Club of 
Virginia and Richmond Chamber of Com- 
merce. .\ Democrat in politics, Mr. Boyd, 
although deeply interested in all that per- 
tains to the public good, has never accepted 
public office. 

Mr. Boyd married, January 10, 1877, Mil- 
dred Coles, daughter of John R. and Eliza- 
beth (Coles) Edmunds, of English descent. 
Children : Elizabeth, residing at home ; James 
R. N., a civil engineer, now residing in Cali- 
fornia : Virginia Nalle, married Asa E. Phil- 
lips, a government engineer of Washington, 
D. C. : Richard E.. a buyer of leaf tobacco, 
residing in Richmond ; Mildred Coles, mar- 
ried John C. Hayes, a tobacco manufacturer 
associated with the American Tobacco Com- 



l^'iny in Richmond; John \\'., secretary and 
treasurer of the James N. Boyd Company, 
(mcorporated) of Richmond; Mary E., re- 
siding at home. The family residence is 
No. 117 \\'est Grace street, Richmond. 

William David Bowen, M. D., D. O. 

There are four distinct branches of the 
family of Bowen to which Dr. William 
David Bowen, of Richmond, Virginia, be- 
If'Ugs, which were founded in America by 
f<:)ur brothers who immigrated to this coun- 
try from their native land, Wales, settling 
in Pennsylvania, eastern Virginia, Missis- 
sippi and Georgia. For one hundred and 
forty-seven years the Bowen homestead at 
Long Acre, Washington county. North 
Carolina, has been in the possession of the 
family, the old property now owned by Dr. 
William D. Bowen. At this place was born 
his great-grandfather, John Bowen, and the 
homestead has been the birthplace of the 
succeeding generations of his line, including 
himself. 

William Bowen. grandfather of Dr. 
Bowen, passed his entire life in this com- 
munity, attaining the age of eighty years. 
He married Rhoda Respess, and had issue: 
Henry Hunter, of whom further ; Langley, 
William J.; George W., married Mary 
Oden ; Elizabeth, married Horace Oden ; 
Rhoda, married Giles Cutler; Sallie, died un- 
married. 

Henry Hunter Bowen. son of William and 
Rhoda (Respess) Bowen, was born on the 
homestead at Long Acre, Washington 
countv. North Carolina. February 11, 1823. 
and died on the eighty-fourth anniversary 
of his birth, 1907. His lifelong calling was 
that of farmer, and he was a member of the 
confeflerate force that fired the first shots 
on Fort Sumter, serving from that time until 
the final surrender at Appomattox, once be- 
ing taken prisoner by the federal forces. He 
married Ann Latham Boyd, born at Long 
.A^cre, A\^ashington county, North Carolina, 
in 1824, died in 1892, daughter of Zachary 
Boyd and his wife, Mary (Latham) Boyd, 
her father a native of that place, a farmer 
and physician. Children of Zachary and 
Mary (Latham) Boyd: Winifred, Ann 
Latham, of previous mention, married 
Henry Hunter Bowen, Mary, Elizabeth, 
Zachary. Thomas and Caswell. Henry 
Hunter Bowen and his wife were the par- 
ents of : Cornelia, married Cleophas B. 



28 



\1RGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Latham, of Long Acre, North Carolina ; 
Henry C, of Wilmington, North Carolina, 
since the age of seventeen years a minister 
of the Christian church ; Alarietta, married 
John T. U'indley, of Long Acre, North 
Carolina ; Dr. ^\'illiam David, of whom fur- 
ther : Olivia, married John C. Oden, of Hun- 
ter's Bridge, North Carolina, was the 
mother of seven children, and died aged 
forty-eight years ; and two who died in in- 
f 3 ncy. 

Dr. William David Bowen, son of Henry 
Hunter and Ann Latham (Boyd) Bowen. 
-was l)orn on the family estate now owned 
by him at Long Acre, Washington county. 
North Carolina. January 19, 1868. This place 
was his home until he was a youth of four- 
teen years and he there attended school, 
subsequently becoming a student in numer- 
ous institutions, including the academv at 
Catherine's Lake. North Carolina, and Pan- 
ttgo Academy, Pieaufort county. North 
Carolina, after which he was for nine 
months employed at Kinston, North Caro- 
lina, in the capacity of bookkeeper. He 
afterward returned to school, attending 
Janesville Academy, in his native state, 
Hamilton Academy, and Vinehill Academy, 
then after teaching school in North Caro- 
lina for one year, was in the drug business 
for about two years at Plymouth, North 
Carolina. He then began the study of medi- 
cine in the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, of Baltimore, Maryland, whence he 
was graduated M. D. in the class of 1893. 
Beginning the practice of his profession in 
Bath, North Carolina, he there remained 
until 1900, when he went to Kirksville, Mis- 
souri, in June, 1901, completing a course 
in osteopathy. Until November, 1901, he 
was a practitioner of Baltimore, from that 
date until December, 1903, he was located 
in Washington, North Carolina, and moved 
to Richmond. December 14. 1903. continuing 
practice in this city to the present time. 
Dr. Bowen's office is at No. i West Grace 
street, and here he ])ractices both medicine 
and osteopathy, a large clientele testifying 
to his popularity by their patronage. Dr. 
Bowen is active in the Virginia Osteopathic 
Society, is a member of the legislative 
committee and secretary and treasurer, his 
fellow officers Dr. H. H. Bell, of Peters- 
burg. \'irginia, president, and Dr. AL L. 
Richardson, of Norfolk. \'irginia, vice-presi- 
dent. His fraternal orders are the Indepen- 



dent Order of Odd Fellows and the Masons, 
ami he is a communicant of the Christian 
church. Dr. Bowen holds advanced profes- 
sional views, which he vigorouslv supports, 
and has enjoyed a career of uninterrupted 
success, retaining ever the confidence of his 
patrons and the respect of his professional 
brethren. 

Dr. Bowen married (first) at Wilson, 
North Carolina. January 19. 1899. Orphah 
Hackney, born in Wilson. North Carolina, 
died July 29. 1899; (second) at \\ashington, 
District of Columbia. November 5, 1913, 
Lora Mae Parr, bom in Missouri, her fam- 
ily one of Missouri, her grandfather at one 
time mayor of Indianapolis, Indiana. 

Hon. Richard Evelyn Byrd. A lineal de- 
scendant of the old \'irginia Byrd family of 
Westover. founded by William Byrd. a suc- 
cessful man of business, Richard Evelyn 
r.yrd. inheriting the strong traits of a dis- 
tinguished ancestry, has in his own right 
achieved a success in law and public life 
that places him among the leading men of 
his state. 

The Byrds of \'irginia have produced 
many notable men. The founder, William 
Byrd, held conspicuous place in the early 
annals as receiver general of the royal reve- 
nues, an office to which he was appointed, 
December 24. 1687. holding it until his 
death. December 4. 1704. His son, William 
(2) P>yrd. was born March 28, 1674, died 
August 26, 1747, and filled more important 
positions, achieving great distinction. The 
following is the epitaph upoir his tumb at 
his country seat at \\estover in Charles 
City county. (The ancient lettering only is 
changed). 

Being born to one of the amplest fortunes in this 

country 

he was sent to England for his education, 

Where under the care and direction of Sir Robert 

Southwell 

And ever favored with his particular instructions 

He made a happy proficiency in polite and various 

learnings 

By means of the same noble friend 

he was introduced to many of the first persons of 

the age 

for knowledge, wit, virtue, birth or high station. 

.And particularly contracted a most intimate and 

bosom friendship 

With the learned and illustrious Charles Boyle 

Earl of Orrery. 

He was called to the bar in the Middle Temple 

Studied for some time in the Low Countries 

Visited the Court of France, 



\'IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



29 



And was chosen fellow of the Royal Society. 
Thus eminently fitted for the service and ornament 

of the country 
he was made Receiver General of his Majesty's 

revenues here, 

was thrice appointed public agent to the court and 

ministry of England 

and being thirty-seven years a member 

at last became President of the Council of this 

Colony. 

To all this were added a great elegance of taste 

and life, 

the well bred gentleman and polite companion, 

the splendid economist and prudent father of a 

family, 

with the constant enemy of all exorbitant power 

And hearty friend to the Liberties of his Country. 

In 1728 he was appointed one of the two 
commissioners to represent \'irginia in run- 
ring the dividing line between \'irginia and 
North Carolina. Of this journey he made 
a journal which he afterward elaborated 
into an equivalent of 250 octavo pages. This 
manuscript, along with the manuscript of an 
account of a journey which he made four 
years later to "Eden," a tract of land he had 
bought in south central Virginia, and a nar- 
rative of his progress to the mines of Ger- 
manna in 1732, besides others of his papers, 
aie yet preserved. All the Byrd manu- 
scripts were reprinted in the Wynne edition 
of 1866 and in 1901, "The Dividing Line," 
"A Journey to Eden" and "A Progress to 
the Mines," with several of his letters and 
reports were edited by John Spencer Bas- 
sett. 

.A later day \\"illiam Byrd, great-grandson 
of the third William Byrd, of Westover, 
was adjutant general of the state of Texas 
and served with distinction during the war 
between the states, attaining the rank of 
colonel in the confederate army, department 
of the Lower Mississippi. He was the father 
of the subject of this sketch. In 1865, after 
the war closed. Colonel Byrd moved to Win- 
chester, Virginia, and there practiced law. 
He was a son of Richard Evelyn Byrd, of 
Clark county, Virginia, also a lawyer, whose 
middle name, Evelyn, was borne by the 
maiden who died of a broken heart, not 
being allowed by her father to marry the 
man of her choice. Her memory, and that 
of his grandfather also is perpetuated in the 
person of Richard Evelyn Byrd, of Win- 
chester, and of Richmond. Richard Evelyn 
Byrd married Ann Harrison, of Lower 
Brandon, Virginia, and had sons, George 
Harrison. William (Colonel) and Alfred H. 
Colonel William Byrd married Jennie. 



daughter of John Rivers, of Texas. From 
an ancestry of such :nen, lawyers, literat- 
tcurs and soldiers, comes Richard Evelyn 
Byrd, of Winchester and Richmond, a true 
Virginian in all save place of birth. 

Richard Evelyn Byrd, son of Colonel Wil- 
liam and Jennie (Rivers) Byrd, was born in 
Analin, Texas, August 13, i860, his father 
at that time being adjutant general of the 
state. When five years of age, his parents 
moved to Winchester, Virginia, where the 
lad began his education. He prepared at 
Shenandoah Valley Academy, going thence 
to the University of Virginia. After com- 
pleting a classical course at the university, 
he entered the law department of the Uni- 
versity of Maryland at Baltimore, whence 
he was graduated LL. B. in 1882. He was 
admitted to the Virginia bar, and at once 
began the practice of his profession at Win- 
chester. He was in due season admitted to 
the state and federal courts of the district 
and was soon firmly established in public 
esteem as a strong, aggressive, able lawyer. 
In the year 1884 he was elected common- 
wealth attorney for Frederick county, an 
office he ably filled for twenty years. Dur- 
ing this period he won high standing as an 
able, fearless prosecutor and as a learned, 
upright lawyer. 

He took an active part in the political 
bi/ttles of the period, was a member of the 
Democratic State Committee, became one 
of the well known, progressive and influen- 
tial men of his state, and was listened to 
with respect in party councils. In 1906 he 
was elected a member of the Virginia house 
of delegates, re-elected in 1908-10-12, and at 
the beginning of the second term was chosen 
speaker of the house, and reelected in 1910- 
12. Becoming a partner of the law firm of 
O'Flaherty, Fulton & Byrd, of Richmond, 
when elected to the house of delegates, Mr. 
Byrd did not feel it necessary to discontinue 
his residence in Winchester. He was also 
commissioner of accounts for the circuit 
court of Frederick county, master commis- 
sioner in chancery, and special examiner of 
records for the counties of Frederick, Clarke. 
Warren, Page, Shenandoah, and the city of 
Winchester. As a politician Mr. Byrd is 
fearless and aggressive, a hard fighter, but 
one who fights in the open. He is stalwart 
in his devotion to his party and always bows 
to the will of the party when expressed 
through the secular party channels. As a 



30 



VIRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



legislator he has favored progressive legis- 
lation, while as speaker he won the respect 
of friends and foes by his fairness and con- 
sideration. His public and professional 
career has been above reproach, and the 
name of Dyrd, honored in Virginia, through 
three centuries has been worthily upheld by 
this twentieth century scion. 

This record of a busy professional and 
official life would be incomplete did it omit 
to refer to Mr. Byrd's literary tastes and 
work. The literary ability of the second 
^^'illiam Byrd, of Westover, seems to have 
bridged the generations and reappeared in 
his descendant. He has written a great deal 
editorially for the Virginia papers, and is a 
lover of the works of Shakespeare, Scott, 
Dickens and George Eliot and of the 
Bible. His style is clear, vigorous and con- 
cise, his deductions logical and his argu- 
ment strong. He introduced carefully pre- 
pared and worded bills for legislative con- 
sideration, and before the Bar Associa- 
tion of Maryland and Virginia has read 
papers of deep literary and professional 
value. Just at the height of his physical 
powers, Mr. Byrd's services to the state are 
by no means ended, but the years hold for 
him nothing but even brighter promise of 
usefulness. Like all the Byrds of earlier 
generations, he is a member of the Episcopal 
church. He also holds membership in the 
Westmoreland. Commonwealth and Coun- 
try clubs of Richmond. 

Mr. Byrd married, in Martinsburg, West 
\'irginia, September 15, 1886, E. Boiling 
Flood, daughter of Major Joel W. Flood, of 
the Confederate army, and Ella (Faulkner) 
Flood, his wife, daughter of Hon. C. J. 
Faulkner, of Martinsburg. Children : Harry 
Flood, Richard Evelyn, Thomas Boiling 
Byrd. 

John Wilkins Brodnax, M. D. Himself 
eminent in his i)rofession, Dr. Brodnax de- 
scends from an illustrious Virginia family 
that numbers in its list of sons statesmen, 
jurists and many eminent physicians. Among 
the latter may be mentioned Dr. Robert 
^^'alker, a graduate of London, Edinburgh 
and Paris. General W. H. Brodnax was a 
statesman of high repute. Judge Henry 
Power Brodnax was a jurist of high stand- 
ing. Hon. Merriwether Brodnax was a 
member of the Virginia legislature, and the 
list could be indefinitely prolonged. The 



family is early found in Virginia, being de- 
scendants of Alajor John Brodnax, a refugee 
cavalier officer who came from Kent, Eng- 
land, and whose will is recorded in York 
county, \'irginia. date 1657. 

Dr. John Wilkins Brodnax was born in 
Petersburg, Virginia, March 21, 1864, son 
of Dr. Robert Walker Brodnax, and grand- 
son of Hon. Merriwether Bathurst Brodnax. 
The latter was born 1799, died 1832 ; married 
Ann Eliza Walker. 

Dr. Robert Walker Brodnax, son of Hon. 
^lerriwether Brodnax. was born January 12, 
1827. and died June 10. 1886. He studied at 
the University of \"irginia and graduated in 
medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 
and became a most eminent scholar and man 
of deep learning. He was a man possessed 
of all the graces of character that make 
"nature's nobleman," yet withal was most 
modest and unassuming. He married Cor- 
nelia A. Batte, daughter of Alexander Wat- 
son Batte, born 1780, died 1853, and his wife, 
Elizabeth Spenser. 

Dr. John \\'. Brodnax was educated in the 
public schools, McGuire's LTniversity School 
and the Medical College of Virginia, receiv- 
ing his degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1891. 
Prior to taking up the study of medicine he 
had been a student of art, and all his life an 
ardent student of anatomy. He pursued art 
studies under the great sculptor, E. V. \'al- 
entine. of Richmond, at the Art Students' 
League and the Academy of Design, New 
York. His love of anatomy led him to the 
study of medicine, that profession being his 
personal preference. For over twenty years 
he has been a teacher of anatomy, having 
been professor of that branch at the Rich- 
mond Art Club, the University College of 
Medicine, and associate professor of the 
Medical College of Virginia. Still art has 
for him a strong attraction, and one of his 
favorite relaxations is in using the artistic 
knowledge and skill he possesses. He has 
actively engaged in practice in Richmond 
since his graduation and has a clientele of 
influential patrons. He is a member of the 
Upsilon Chapter of Phi Rho Sigma, Rich- 
mond .Academy of Medicine, the Medical 
Society of \'irginia, Chesterfield County 
Medical Society, the Southern Medical Asso- 
ciation, is first vice-president of the Coro- 
ner's Association of Virginia, and secretary 
of the Anatomical Board of Virginia. In 
1891 Dr. Brodnax was appointed coroner of 



MRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



31 



Manchester, an office which he still holds. 
In politics he is a Democrat, and in religion 
an Episcopalian. 

James Winston Watts, Richard Thomas 
Watts. Brothers in blood, brothers in arms, 
and brothers in spirit, James Winston and 
Richard Thomas Watts, eminent citizens of 
Lynchburg, Virginia, and loyal self-sacri- 
ficing sons of Virginia, after lives of honor 
and usefulness passed from earthly scenes, 
leaving to posterity the rich legacy of un- 
tarnished names. 

The Watts family of Virginia are of Eng- 
lish or Scotch ancestry, the family being one 
of the ancient and honorable names of the 
Kingdom. Arms : Argent an oak tree grow- 
ing out of a mount in base vert. Over all on 
a bar azure, a crescent between two mul- 
letts of the first. Crest : A cubit arm erect 
issuing from a cloud, in the hand a branch 
of olive, all ppr. 

John Watt, of Scotland, was the direct an- 
cestor of the Watts family in America. He 
was known as a "deacon Covenanter." He 
took part in the political and military agita- 
tion in Scotland in the late sixteenth cen- 
tury, and died in 1601, probably through 
foul play from his enemies. His wife was 
Euphame (Porteous) Watt, the daughter of 
a wealthy Scotch merchant. There is every 
reason to believe that John Watt, born in 
1650, was his grandson. This John Watt 
inherited the ancestral manor known as 
"Rose Hill," which was located near the city 
of Edinburgh. He had issue: i. Margaret, 
born about 1672; married Sir Walter Rid- 
dell, the fourth baronet of Nova Scotia. 2. 
Alice, married (first) a Mr. Scott, of Fife, 
and (second) Lord Galtown. 3. Adam, born 
in 1678. 4. Robert. 5. John, born in 1682 ; 
came to America and died unmarried in 
Philadelphia in 1707. 

Robert Watt came to this country about 
1710 and settled in Manhattan, and was the 
founder of the northern branch of the Watts 
family. That he was the father of Jacob 
Watts, of Virginia, is not likely, as his chil- 
dren are recorded, and the name of Jacob 
does not appear among them. It is, how- 
ever, possible that his brother, Adam, may 
have come to \^irginia, and was the father of 
Jacob Watts. 

(I) Descent is traced from Jacob Watts, 
the first of the family in Virginia of whom 
there is record in this branch. He was the 



owner of a large estate containing over 
eleven hundred acres located on the north 
fork of the Rivanna, near Piney mountain, 
.Mbemarle county, Virginia. He was a 
prosperous planter and a minister of the 
early Methodist church of Albemarle county, 
born in 1731, his long and useful life of 
ninety years terminating in 182 1. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Colonel Rich- 
ard Durrett, of Priddy's creek, Albemarle 
county : children : William, of further men- 
tion : John, Elijah, Fielding, Mildred, mar- 
ried a Mr. Bruce ; Mary, married Hezekiah 
Rodes ; Frances, married "Joseph Edmond- 
son ; Nancy, married Henry Austin ; Agnes, 
married John Huckstep. 

(II) William Watts, eldest son of Jacob 
and Elizabeth (Durrett) Watts, by his first 
wife, Jane, had issue : James, of further men- 
tion ; Fannie, born October 26, 1769. By 
his second wife, Lucy, he had issue : Eliza- 
beth, born December 15. 1775 ; Patsey, April 
4 1776; Washington, September 2, 1777; 
William, March 25, 1779. 

(III) James Watts, son of William and 
Jane Watts, was born January 25, 1767, died 
near Liberty, now Bedford City, Virginia, 
January 25, 1828. He married Elizabeth 
Hamilton, and had issue: Richard D., of 
further mention; Sally W., born December- 
27, 1795; Jane H., May 19, 1798; Eliza M., 
Alarch 15, 1801. died January 8, 1865, mar- 
ried, September g, -1819, Dabney Poindexter ; 
James, born October 2, 1807 ; Frances T., 
Januarv 17. 1813; Paulina Ann, luly 31, 
1815. 

(1\') Richard D. Watts, eldest son of 
James and Elizabeth (Hamilton) Watts, 
was born December 28, 1793. He was a resi- 
dent of Bedford county, Virginia, and a sol- 
dier of the war of 1812. He married Isabelle 
Newell, and had issue : Mary Frances, mar- 
ried George Morgan Jones (whose biog- 
raphv appears elsewhere in this work) ; 
Colonel James Winston, of further mention; 
John Harvey Newell, married Rebecca Hurt, 
and had issue ; Charles R., married Eliza- 
beth McKinney, children : Blair and Charles ; 
Mary Elizabeth, married Harry P. Burks, 
child, Martha ; Richard Thomas, of further 
mention. 

(V) Colonel James Winston Watts, eld- 
est son of Richard D. and Isabelle (Newell) 
Watts, was born in Bedford county, Vir- 
ginia, April 19, 1833, died in Lynchburg, 
Virginia, December 3, 1906. He was well 



32 



\'IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



educated in \'irginia schools, grew to man- 
hood on the home plantation and early be- 
came prominent in local affairs, holding the 
office of magistrate when barely qualified in 
point of years. He became one of the pros- 
perous planters of Bedford county and 
busied himself with private and county 
affairs until his state called for her loyal 
sons at the outbreak of hostilities between 
the states. He entered the Confederate 
army in April, 1861, as first lieutenant of 
Company A, Second Regiment \'irginia 
Cavalry, and at once went to the front. In 
August, 1861, for "meritorious service" he 
was commissioned captain, serving in that 
rank until May, 1862. Upon the reorganiza- 
tion of the Army of Northern Virginia he 
was commissioned lieutenant-colonel, on the 
last-named date, and attached to General 
Turner Ashby's brigade. "Stonewall" Jack- 
son's division. He served with distinction 
as lieutenant-colonel of the Second \'irginia 
Cavalry until, disabled by wounds in the 
action at Aldie in July, 1863, he was forced 
to retire for a season. One month later he 
returned to duty, being assigned to the com- 
mand of the military post at Bedford City 
(then known as Liberty), where he con- 
tinued in command until the surrender of 
the Army of Northern \'irginia at Appo- 
mattox Court House. He then started to 
join the army of GeneraJ Johnston in the 
south, reached Augusta, Georgia, there re- 
porting to General Frye. Realizing at last 
that further resistance was useless he gave 
up his sword, was paroled and returned to 
his home in Virginia. 

The list of battles in which he was en- 
gaged reveals a record of which the bravest 
of soldiers might well be proud. He par- 
ticipated in the early actions of Vienna, 
Manassas and Flint Hill ; then with Jack- 
son in the Valley, fought at Front Roval, 
Newton, Winchester, Hall Town, Rude's 
Hill, Strasburg, Cross Keys and Port Re- 
public ; took part in the seven days of bloody 
struggle before Richmond : fought at Cedar 
Mountain, Eristoe .Station. Groveton. and 
Second Manassas, at Occoquan, Fredericks- 
burg, Chancellorsville. White Oak Swamp. 
Brandy Station, Aldie. Winchester (1864) 
and Lynchburg (1864). He was slightly 
wounded in an affair at Little Washington, 
in the \'alley campaign : and at both Occo- 
quan and Aldie was severely wounded. 

During the second battle of Manassas, 



Colonel \\'atts led the advance of his regi- 
ment (Second \^irginia Cavalry) in the 
charge at the Lewis House, which is con- 
ceded by all writers on the Confederate 
cavalry to have been the most brilliant 
charge of the war. Here this regiment met 
a full brigade of Federal cavalry and charged 
them with such impetuosity that the Con- 
federates cut their way through the first line 
of the enemy into the very heart of the Fed- 
eral brigade. Here a desperate hand to hand 
fight took place before the enemy was re- 
pulsed and driven from the field. In this 
fight Colonel ^^'atts received eight sabre 
wounds. 

In May. 1862. when General Jackson was 
driving General Banks from the Valley of 
\"irginia. Colonel Watts with fifty-three men 
charged an infantry regiment of Federals 
while passing through Newton, Fredericks 
county, scattering them and bringing out 
one hundred and twenty-five prisoners and 
several wagons, almost in the face of the 
main body of the enemy. He led his regi- 
ment on that famous raid of General "Jeb" 
Stuart's into Chambersburg in 1862. bring- 
ing back six hundred head of horses as 
trophies. In December. 1862. near Occo- 
quan. with one squadron, all that could be 
used of the regiment, he charged a full 
regiment of Federal cavalry. Pennsylvania 
troops, driving it more than two miles, com- 
pletely routing it. killing and wounding 
thirty men. besides capturing many of their 
horses. In physique, tall, erect, lithe and 
well proportioned ; in temperament, uni- 
formly courteous, whether obeying author- 
ity or exercising it ; in action, swift and dex- 
terous, always brave, never rash — he was 
the ideal soldier. 

The war over, his spirit nothing daunted, 
he at once set about repairing his financial 
losses. His lands devastated, his labor freed, 
he decided to enter commercial life, and in 
1865 made his home in Lynchburg, uniting 
with his brother. Richard T. Watts, and his 
brother-in-law. George M. Jones, in forming 
the copartnership Jones, Watts & Com- 
pany, with three stores in Lynchburg and 
branches in Danville, Bedford City, Salem 
and Roanoke, and for nearly a quarter of 
a century theirs was the leading hardware 
house in the western half of the state. In 
1887 they sold to Bell. Barker & Jennings 
and retired from the hardware business, but 
continued their association, making invest- 



THE NEW YORK 
IPUBUC LIBRARY 



MT9H, LEN«X 
TiLCtN FOUNDATIONS 




>^^_J 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



33 



nients in the old firm name. Tliey became 
interested in several coal mining operations, 
and at the time of his death Colonel Watts 
was director in the Gilliam, the Louisville, 
and the Greenbriar Coal and Coke com- 
panies. He was at one time president of 
the National Exchange Bank, and was at 
different times a director in this and other 
banks of Lynchburg. In addition to this he 
was one of the leading spirits in establishing 
the Lynchburg Cotton Mill, his labor as 
well as his capital furnishing an important 
contribution to its success. 

He was always deeply interested in the 
welfare of the city of his adoption, and did 
much for its advancement. He was elected 
to the city council in 1877 and served on 
many important committees. He was again 
elected in 1902. but declined to serve on 
account of his age and the press of other 
business. For more than twenty years he 
was a judge of elections in the second ward, 
and at his death was serving as president of 
the board of police commissioners. Not 
only did he give time and labor to the service 
oC the city, but his means as well. Few pub- 
lic or private interests failed of remembrance 
at his hands, and from him Court Street 
Church, the Randolph-Macon College at 
Ashland, the Randolph-Macon Woman's 
College and the Young Men's Christian As- 
sociation of Lynchburg, all received gener- 
ous aid. He was for forty-eight years a 
steward of the Methodist church, thirtv-five 
years of this term being spent on the board 
of the Court Street Church, of which he was 
chairman for fifteen years. About a year 
before his death, on account of ill health, he 
resigned, and if it were necessary to seek 
testimony of his love for the church and the 
brethren, it could be found in his letter of 
resignation. .As long as his health permitted 
he taught a class in the Sunday school, and 
no teacher was ever more faithful. 

In the death of Colonel W^atts the city of 
Lynchburg and the commonwealth of Vir- 
ginia suffered a distinct loss. Few men in 
the city were so generally beloved and none 
more highly respected. Men admired and 
esteemed him, not only for what he accom- 
plished, but for what he was. High-minded, 
warm-hearted, chivalrous, brave, yet gentle 
and modest as a woman, and child-like in 
the candor and simplicity of his nature, he 
was at once the manliest of men, and the 
most lovable and companionable. Himself 

VIR_3 



free from guile, his charity in judging others 
was never-failing. He lived in the open, 
trusting and trusted, his life known and 
read of all men. 

Colonel Watts married, February 22, 1854, 
Mary Elizabeth Jones, daughter of Fielding 
E. and Sarah (Spear) Jones ; children : Hu- 
bert Bruce, see forward ; Jennie, married 
(•eorge P. Watkins ; Thomas Ashby, see for- 
ward ; Maude, married Oliver D. Bachelor, 
of North Carolina. 

(V) Richard Thomas Watts, youngest 
son of Richard D. and Isabelle (Newell) 
■ Watts, was born in Bedford county, Vir- 
ginia, September 5, 1838, died in Lynchburg, 
\'irginia, September 21, 1910. He was edu- 
cated at Emory and Henry College, begin- 
ning his business career at the age of eighteen 
years in Salisbury, North Carolina, in asso- 
ciation with George M. and A. T. Jones. 
Later he was a partner of the latter, en- 
gaging in mercantile business at Selma, Ala- 
bama. When war was imminent between 
the states he returned to Virginia, and when 
his state called for men he enlisted in Com- 
pany A, Second Regiment Virginia Cavalry 
under Captain W. R. Terry, his brother, 
James W. Watts, being first lieutenant of 
the company. He joined the regiment at 
Manasses Junction, serving in the ranks and 
as color bearer. For bravery in action he 
was recommended for promotion by General 
T. T. Munford, and received it in appoint- 
ment as adjutant in White's "Comanche" 
r.attalion. At Spottsylvania Court House, 
Virginia, May 6, 1S64, his horse was killed 
and while dismounted he was captured, sent 
to Fort Delaware and there held a prisoner 
of war until hostilities ceased. He then re- 
turned to Bedford county, but a little later 
located in Lynchburg, where he joined with 
his brother. Colonel James Winston Watts, 
and his brother-in-law, George M. Jones, in 
establishing the wholesale and retail hard- 
ware house of Jones, Watts & Company. 
Pie continued a member of this very success- 
ful firm until 1887, when the original part- 
ners retired, the business continuing as Bell, 
Barker c^ Jennings. After retiring from the 
hardware business he continued his associa- 
tion with his old partners, investing in coal 
mines and other enterprises, acquiring large 
financial and industrial interests. He was 
closely associated with his brother. Colonel 
James W. Watts, and his brother-in-law, 
George M. Jones, in the enterprises both in 



34 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Lynchburg and elsewhere, ranking as one of 
the leading men of his city. He was vice- 
president of the Lynchburg Trust and Sav- 
ings Bank, a director of the Lynchburg Cot- 
ton Mill Company, and interested in several 
private enterprises in the city. He was 
a member of the Court Street Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, and gave liberally in 
support of charitable, educational and phil- 
anthropic institutions. 

Mr. Watts married, April 22, 1874, Emma 
Margaret Hurt, born July 2, 1849, died 
March 22, 1911, in California. Children: i. 
Richard Thomas (2), born March i8, 1876; 
now one of the leading merchants and busi- 
ness men of Lynchburg, president of Watts 
Brothers Company, vice-president of the 
Lynchburg Trust and Savings Bank, presi- 
dent of the Board of Trade and interested 
in many city enterprises ; married, June 7, 

191 1, Gladys, daughter of Charles Edward 
and Sarah Morris (Langhorne) Heald ; chil- 
dren : Sarah Langhorne, born November 22, 

1912, and Margaret, November 13, 1913. 2. 
Dr. Stephen Hurt, born August 6, 1877; 
now professor of surgery, medical depart- 
ment of University of Virginia. 3. James 
Owen, born October 14, 1881 ; a coal oper- 
ator. 4. Robert Crenshaw, born July i, 
1883; United States senator from Missis- 
sippi ; married Laurie, daughter of Anselm 
J. and Laura (Rauch) McLaurin; child: 
Jean, born April 21, 191 1. 5. Mary, born 
February 2, 1889. 

Hubert Bruce Watts. Following closely 
the example of their honored father, the 
sons of Colonel James Winston Watts have 
been throughout their lives honored busi- 
ness men of the city of Lynchburg, Vir- 
ginia. 

Hubert Bruce Watts, eldest son of Colo- 
nel James Winston and Mary Elizabeth 
(Jones) Watts, was born in Bedford county, 
Virginia, December 6, 1857. When a lad 
he removed with his parents to Lynchburg, 
Virginia. After attending the public schools 
and high school there, he was carefully pre- 
pared by private instructors for college. He 
entered the Virginia Military Institution in 
1875 and graduated with honor with the 
class of 1879. Mr. Watts is a banker, and 
is connected with all the important enter- 
prises of Lynchburg, and is identified with 
every movement which has for its object the 
uplifting of his city, and the moral uplift of 



his fellow citizens. Mr. Watts married, 
September 26, 1888. Ida Reeder, daughter of 
Major Ferdinand Christian and Mary 
( Lyons) Hutter, and granddaughter of 
Judge James Lyons, of Richmond. 

Thomas Ashby Watts. Thomas Ashby 
Watts, youngest son of Colonel James Win- 
ston and Mary Elizabeth (Jones) Watts, 
was born in Bedford county, Virginia, Sep- 
tember 9, 1866, his parents at that time, 
however, residing in Lynchburg, where his 
honored father was a member of the hard- 
ware firm of Jones, Watts & Company. 
Thomas A. Watts was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Lynchburg, and after complet- 
ing the high school course pursued a special 
course at Eastman's Business College, 
Poughkeepsie, New York. He began busi- 
ness life as cashier in the banking house of 
P. A. Krise, of Lynchburg, a position he held 
for five years. He then resigned, his ability 
as a financier rendering him of value to the 
Lynchburg Perpetual Loan and Building 
Company, a corporation which he served 
for nine years as secretary and treasurer. 
He then became the controlling owner of 
the company, and under his executive man- 
agement its usefulness and prosperity have 
been most marked and satisfactory. He is 
vice-president of the Greenbriar Lumber 
Company, vice-president of the Tide Water 
Banking Company, of Roanoke, Virginia, is 
interested with his brother, Hubert B. 
Watts, in West Virginia coal and coke prop- 
erties as an extensive operator, and has im- 
portant commercial and financial interests 
of great local importance besides those men- 
tioned. Fie is a member of the Court Street 
Alethodist Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Watts married Fanny C., daughter 
of Dr. Leighton and Mary P. (Hurt) Cheat- 
wood, of Lynchburg; children: James Win- 
ston (2), born January 19, 1904; Thomas 
Ashby (2), July 27, 1906: Hubert Bruce (2), 
June I, 1910. 

John Nottingham Upshur, M. D. Fran- 
cis Whittle Upshur, M. D. Through his 
mother, Sarah Andrews Parker, Dr. Upshur 
is a direct descendant of Pocahontas and of 
Robert the Bruce of Scotland, and traces his 
Virginia ancestry via a long line of Vir- 
ginians to Edward Digges (Belfield, York, 
1621-26) governor of Virginia, and his wife, 
Elizabeth, believed to have been a sister of 



VIRGIiNIA BIOGRAPHY 



35 



Colonel John Page. The line of descent is 
traced from Governor Digges through his 
son, Colonel Dudley Digges (Belfield, York, 
1665-1710) councillor and auditor general, 
married Susannah Cole. His son. Colonel 
Cole Digges (Belfield. York, 1692-1744) 
president of the council, married Elizabeth 
Power. His son. Colonel Dudley Digges 
(York county, 1728-90) burgess and coun- 
cillor, married Elizabeth Wormley (his 
name is on a pew in Rruton church). His 
daughter, Lucy Digges, married John Strat- 
ton their daughter. Anne Gertrude Stratton, 
married Dr. Jacob Parker ; their daughter, 
Sarah Andrews Parker, married Dr. George 
Littleton Upshur. 

Their son, John Nottingham Upshur, M. 
D., married Lucy Tucker Whittle (see for- 
ward). Their only son, Francis Whittle Up- 
shur (see forward). 

.\n interesting genealogical study is the 
tracing back of the line of descent of Gov- 
ernor Edward Digges. through c'enturies of 
English history to Alfred the Great, King 
of England : through a long line of kingly 
ancestors, English and French, including 
the Saxon kings, Philip HL and Philip IV. 
of France, and Kings Henry II., John, 
Henry HI., Edward I.. Edward II., and Ed- 
•ward HI., of England. 

On the LIpshur side. Dr. Upshur descends 
irom one of the two traditional brothers, 
John and Arthur Upshur, who fled from 
their home in Essex, England, to escape the 
persecutions of their stepmother. They 
separated at the Cape of Virginia, John set- 
tling in Essex county, Virginia, Arthur, set- 
tling in 1637, in the plantation of Accomac, 
which in 1642 became the county of North- 
ampton. The tombstones of these two men 
on the eastern shore of Virginia are said to 
lie fairly decipherable yet. A descendant, 
Thomas Upshur, was later made a free bur- 
gess in Virginia. 

Another line of maternal descent is from 
Henry Bagwell, the emigrant, clerk of the 
court and first clerk of the plantations of 
Ackawmacke. He married Elizabeth, widow 
■of Thomas Stratton, who at the time of her 
second marriage had a son, Thomas, and a 
daughter, Elizabeth. He had sons Thomas 
and Henry, and one of his grandsons married 
Elizabeth E3're, a descendant of Thomas 
Eyre, the emigrant, who married the eldest 
daughter of Captain John Savage, by his 
first wife, Ann Elkington. Captain John 



was a son of Ensign Thomas Savage, who 
came over with Captains John Smith and 

Newport, and was left as hostage 

with Powhatan for the Indian Namontack, 
whom Captain Newport took to England 
with him. 

Although the Scarburg line, in connection 
with the Upshur family, Tabitha Scarburg 
Hill married Edmund Curtiss : he was 
brought over from Ireland by his uncle, 
John Curtiss. She was known on the rec- 
ords of Accomac county as "Madam Hill," 
as was also her mother during the last years 
of her life. She was a woman of great 
business capacity, and managed a large 
estate with marked ability. This Scarburg 
ancestor was almost as important a man in 
his generation as was his son in his day. He 
was a member of the first court of the plan- 
tation of Accomac in 1632, also for several 
courts following. He was the father of 
Charles Scarburg. 

Colonel Edmund Scarburg. who died in 
1(171. was the surveyor general of Virginia, 
and commander-in-chief of the inhabitants 
of the eastern Virginia shore, with the rank 
of colonel. Henry Eustis, on the Eustis 
side, was bequeathed a part of the Chinco- 
teague Islands. He married Tabitha Scar- 
burg Curtiss, daughter of Edmund Curtiss, 
son of Thomas Curtiss, of Ireland, the 
brother of Major General John Curtiss. 

The Thorowgood, another line of mater- 
nal descent, of which the emigrant, John 
Michael Thorowgood, Sr., came to Virginia 
from Holland and was doubtless of Hugue- 
not descent. Captain Adam Thorowgood, 
who came to Virginia in 1621, occupied an 
enviable position among the colonists on 
account of being a brother of John Thorow- 
good, of Kensington, who was knighted in 
1630, held among other positions that of gen- 
tleman of the bed chamber, and stood very 
high at court. In one of the patents granted 
Adam Thorowgood, No. 179, it is stated 
that it was granted at the special recom- 
mendation of his majesty and a number of 
the members of the honorable Privy Council. 
He was a burgess in 1629, member of the 
council of state in 1637, and in the same year 
was presiding justice of Lower Norfolk, 
moving to the latter locality in 1634 from 
Hickotan, now Hampton. Virginia. 

Dr. George Littleton Upshur, son of a 
Virginia merchant, was born in Northamp- 
ton, \^irginia, became a noted doctor of 



36 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



medicine, and lost his life in the yellow fever 
epidemic in Norfolk, Virginia, in 1855. He 
married Sarah Andrews Parker, a descen- 
dant of Governor Edward Digges, as pre- 
viously stated, daughter of Dr. Jacob Par- 
ker, of Accomac county, \ irginia, whose 
wife was Anne Gertrude Stratton. daughter 
of John and Lucy (Digges) Stratton. Chil- 
dren of Dr. George Littleton Upshur: John 
Nottingham, of whom further ; Sally Par- 
ker, married Thomas C. Walston ; Henry 
Littleton, married Alice Kerr; Jacob Par- 
ker, died in infancy ; Lucy Beverly, died in 
infancy. 

Dr. John Nottingham L'pshur, of Rich- 
mond, Virginia, second son of Dr. George 
Littleton and Sarah Andrews (Parker) Up- 
shur, was born in Norfolk, Virginia, Feb- 
ruary 14. 1848. He was educated under 
private tutors; Norfolk Military Academy; 
Virginia Alilitar}- Institute, of which he was 
an honor graduate : medical department of 
the University of Virginia, and ^Medical Col- 
lege of Virginia from which he received the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine, March 5, 
1868. He served in Company C, Virginia 
Military Institute Cadet Corps, and at the 
battle of Newmarket, Alay 15, 1864, was 
severely wounded. After the war he took 
up his medical studies and on April i, 1869, 
located in Richmond. \'irginia, where he has 
been ever since continuously engaged in the 
practice of his profession. In the Medical 
College of Virginia he served as acting Pro- 
fessor of Practice of Medicine, 1882-83-84; 
professor of Materia Medica and Therapeu- 
tics, 1884-94; Clinical Lecturer on Diseases 
of Women and Children, 1884-92; Professor 
of Practice of Medicine, 1894-99. Dr. Upshur 
is eminent in the medical world and a well 
known contributor to the medical journals, 
a recent article on "Gastro-intestinal Ther- 
apy" appearing in the "New York Medical 
Journal" (May 17, 1913). He is a member 
of many professional societies, including the 
American Medical, Tri-State Medical, and 
the State Medical societies ; Richmond 
Academy of Medicine and Surgery, and 
Southern Medical Association. He is ex- 
president and honorary fellow of the Rich- 
mond Academy of Aledicine and Surgery, 
State Medical Society of Virginia and the 
Tri-State Medical Association of the Caro- 
linas and Virginia, honorary fellow of the 
State Medical Society of West Virginia. He 
is a member of both the York and Scottish 



Rite Masonry, holding the thirty-second de- 
gree in the latter, and the Knight Templar 
degree in the former. He is also a noble of 
the Mystic Shrine, and past master of Joppa 
Lodge, No. 40, Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons. He is a vestryman of St. James 
Protestant Episcopal Church and the lay 
reader. In political faith he is a Democrat; 
he was also a member of the board of visi- 
tors of the \Trginia Military Institute, from 
-which he marched to battle, a lad of sixteen 
years, and from which he graduated with 
honor. He holds the rank of lieutenant- 
colonel and surgeon-general of the Virginia 
Division, United Confederate \'eterans. He 
is a member of the I'.eta Theta Pi fraternity. 

Dr. Upshur married (first) in St. James 
Church, Richmond, November 19, 1873, 
Lucy Tucker Whittle, born June 6, 1849, in 
Charleston, ^^'est Virginia, then Virginia, 
daughter of Rt. Rev. Francis M. Whittle 
and Emily Cary Fairfax, his wife. She bore 
him a son, 'Francis ^\"hittle Upshur, who is 
mentioned further below. Dr. Upshur mar- 
ried (second) at the residence of Dr. Peter- 
kin, No. 705 .East Leigh street, Richmond, 
December 11, 1879, Elizabeth Spencer Peter- 
kin, born June 17, 1848, at Baltimore, Mary- 
land, daughter of William Spencer Peterkin 
and Emma Meteer. his wife. Children: Wil- 
liam Peterkin, born October 28, 1881, a cap- 
tain in the United States Marine Corps, mar- 
ried Lucy Munford ; Elizabeth Nottingham, 
born December 6, 1883, married George J. 
Benson, children : Elizabeth Peterkin and 
Frances Day ; Alfred Parker, born Septem- 
ber 26, 1885, first lieutenant in the medical 
corps of the United States army. 

Dr. Francis ^^'hittle Upshur, only child 
of Dr. John Nottingham Upshur and his first 
wife Lucy Tucker (Whittle) Upshur, was 
born in Richmond, Virginia, December 4. 
1874. He was educated at McGuire's Uni- 
versity School, Richmond College, and the 
Medical College of Virginia of which he is a 
graduate, class of 1897, '^^'itli the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. He began and continues 
the practice of medicine in Richmond, and is 
professor of Pharmacology and Therapeu- 
tics in the Medical College of Virginia. His 
fraternities are the Phi Delta Theta (Aca- 
demic), and Pi Mu (Medical) of which he 
has held the offices of general secretarv. 
senior councillor, and was one of the found- 
ers of the Gamma Chapter. He is also an 
honorary member of Theta Nu Epsilon. In 



X'lRCIXIA lUOGRAniV 



37 



religious faith he is an Episco])alian. 
L'lishur is unmarried. 



Dr. 



' Beverley Randolph Tucker, M. D. The 

hist<irv of the Tucker family covers a ])eriocl 
ot three centuries in the western world, and 
ii X'irginia dates from the year 1 771. when 
St. George Tucker came from his native 
island. liermuda. and entered \\'illiam and 
Mary College to com]5lete his education. 
The family traces through several gener- 
ations in England, down to Daniel Tucker, 
who in 1616 was go\ernor of liermuda. His 
son, George Tucker, died in liermuda about 
1662. He married h'rances. daughter of Sir 
Henry St. George, from whom came the 
name, St. George, common in the \'irginia 
family. A grandson of George Tucker, Colo- 
nel Henry Tucker, born in 1713. died in 
1787. married Nancy Rutterfield and had 
issue incUiding St. George Tucker, the 
founder of the Virginia family, who was 
a patriot during the revolution, sat as a 
delegate in the Continental Ct)ngress of 
1787-88, and was a member of the first two 
congresses under the federal constitution. 
and Henry Tucker, who settled in North 
Carolina; died in Washington, D. C. in 1828, 
having served as treasurer of the L'nited 
States from December i. 1801. 

( 1 ) Judge St. (leorge Tucker, born on the 
inland of liermuda, July 10, 1752, died in 
Warminster, Nelson county, Virginia, No- 
vember 10, 1828. He came to Virginia in 
1771, graduated at William and Alary Col- 
lege in 1772, finished a course of law and 
began practice in the colonial courts. He 
returned to Bermuda in 1775 but came again 
to X'irginia in January. 1777. and bore arms 
in defense of the colonies, serving as lieu- 
tenant-colonel at Yorktown. On September 
3. 1778. he married Frances Bland, widow 
of John Randolph, and mother of John 
Randolph, of Roanoke. After the war ( 1787) 
he was appointed judge of the general court 
of Virginia, and in 1789 professor of law at 
William and Mary, succeeding Chancellor 
George Wythe. He was appointed in 1804, 
president judge of the X'irginia court of ap- 
peals, and in 181 3, judge of the United 
States district court of Virginia. Judge 
Tucker was also a poet and left several 
dramas, tragedy and comedy, and several 
minor poems, some of them gems. He also 
wrote a volume of political satires, "In Two 
Parts" (1796). The same year he published 



"Dissertions on Slavery, with a Proposition 
for its Gradual Abolition in Virginia ;" and 
Ir.ter other letters and essays. William and 
Mary conferred the degree of LL. D. on him 
in 1790. His second son, Nathaniel Bever- 
ley Tucker, generally known as Beverley, 
was a graduate of XX'illiam and Mary, judge 
of the circuit court in Missouri, later re- 
turned to Virginia ; was professor of law at 
XX'illiam and Mary in 1834 until his death in 
1 85 1. As a writer he excelled any of his 
X'irginia contemporaries. His most remark- 
able work is: "The Partisan Leader; A Tale 
of the b'uture." published by Edward Wil- 
liam Sidne)-, (2 volumes. New York, 1836). 
This was printed secretly, bearing the fic- 
titious date 1856, and purported to be a 
historical novel of the period between 1836 
and that year. In its accurate delineations 
of the events between i86i and 1865, it seems 
almost prophetic. He was a voluminous 
writer and maintained an extensive corre- 
spondence with scholars and statesmen. 

(H) Henry St. George Tucker, eldest son 
of Judge St. George Tucker, was born in 
Williamsburg. Virginia, December 29, 1780, 
died in XX'inchester, Virginia, August 28, 
1848. He was educated at the college of 
XX'illiam and Mary and became a lawyer, 
settling in XXMnchester, in 1802. He was a 
volunteer officer in the war of 1812, served 
as congressman, 1815 to 1819; state senator 
1819 to 1823; chancellor of the state of Vir- 
ginia. 1824-1831, when he was made presi- 
dent judge of the X'irginia court of appeals; 
resigned in 1841 to become professor of law 
at the University of X^irginia ; resigned in 
1843 because of ill health. He was tendered 
the attorney-generalship of the United 
States by President Jackson, but declined. 
While chancellor he established a success- 
ful private law school in Winchester. XVil- 
lia.m and Mary College conferred upon him 
the degree of LL. D. in 1837. He published 
"Commentaries on the Law of X'irginia" (2 
volumes, 1836-37) : "Lectures on Constitu- 
tional Law" (1844); "Lectures on Natural 
Law and Government" (1844). He married 
in 1807. Ann Evaline. daughter of Moses 
and Anne (Stephens) Hunter, and had 
twelve children. 

(HI) The eighth child of Henry St. 
George Tucker. Nathaniel Beverley Tucker, 
was born in XVinchester. X'irginia, June 8, 
1820, died July 15, 1890. He was educated 
at the Universitv of X'irginia. founded the 



38 



\IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



Washington "Sentiner' in 1853, and was 
elected printer to the United States Senate 
in December of that year. In 1857 he was 
appointed consul to Liverpool, remaining 
until 1861. He was sent by the Confederate 
government in 1862 to England and France, 
and in 1863-64 to Canada, to obtain commis- 
sary supplies. After the war ended he went 
to Alexico and was there until Maximilian's 
brief reign was over, then returned to the 
United States, residing in Washington, D. 
C, and Berkeley Springs, W^est Virginia. 
He married Jane Ellis. 

(I\'') John Randolph Tucker, son of Na- 
thaniel Beverley and Jane (Ellis) Tucker, 
was born September 7, 1848, died in Rich- 
mond, July 5, 1880, and is buried in Shockoe 
Hill Cemetery. He was a man of most at- 
tractive personality, a lawyer and editor, of 
brilliant mind and attainments. He was a 
graduate of Washington and Lee Univer- 
sity, and practiced law in Charleston, West 
Virginia, and as a partner of Hon. John 
Randolph Tucker, his uncle in Staunton, 
Virginia, and was also editor of a daily paper 
in Charleston, West Virginia, and wrote 
editorials for New York papers. He had 
many friends who mourned his untimely 
death and crowded St. Paul's Church to 
honor his memory on the day of his funeral, 
July 7, 1880. He married Fannie Booth 
Crump, daughter of Judge William Wood 
and Mary Susan (Tabb) Crump. 

(V) Beverley Randolph Tucker, of Rich- 
mond, Virginia, eldest son of John Ran- 
dolph and Fannie Booth (Crump) Tucker, 
was born in Richmond, Virginia, April 26, 
1874. He attended Richmond and Virginia 
schools until eighteen years of age. then 
began work, acquiring his medical education 
through his own efforts. He attended the 
Norwood and high schools of Richmond, 
and spent two years at the Virginia Military 
Institute, not being able to afford the full 
course. In 1893 he was a clerk in Richmond, 
continuing until 1901, but his fixed prefer- 
ence and ambition was for the medical pro- 
fession, and when he had solved the finan- 
cial problems standing between him and 
his ambition, he entered the ]\Iedical Col- 
lege of Virginia, whence he was graduated 
M. D. with the class of 1905. Afterward, 
for two and a half years, he took post-grad- 
uate work in nervous diseases in Philadel- 
phia, New York and Europe. 



He began practice in Richmond as a spe- 
cialist in nervous diseases at once and so 
continues, well established and prosperous. 
His integrity, business ability and pleasing 
address, have won for him many friends, not 
only professionally, but outside. In 1909 
he became president of the G. L. Hall Op- 
tical Company, and in the same year presi- 
dent of the company and editor of the "Old 
Dominion Journal of ^ledicine and Sur- 
gery." He is professor of nervous and men- 
tal diseases at the Medical College of \'ir- 
ginia, and president of the Neurological 
Sanitarium Cor])oration. All of these organ- 
izations are in Richmond. His investigations 
on Pellagra, and his forthcoming book on 
"Nervous Children," are directly in the line 
of public service, as are all his papers on 
Pellagra in the United States. He is one 
of the editors of the British Medical .\nnual 
for 1914 and wrote the section on Pellagra. 
He has done original work on pituitary 
gland diseases of the brain, and has re- 
cently completed a sketch of the life of Dr. 
S. Weir Alitchell, under whom he was 
trained in Philadelphia. Dr. Tucker has 
won two prizes for medical essays in the 
"New York Medical Journal." 

Dr. Tucker was for two years, 1893 to 
1P95, a member of the Richmond Light In- 
fantry Blues, having had two years previous 
training as a cadet at the Virginia Military 
Institute. He is a member of the various 
medical societies of the city and state ; Pi 
Mu medical fraternity, the Westmoreland 
Club and the Country Club of ^"irginia. He 
is a member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, 
and a Democrat in politics. 

Dr. Tucker married, April 3, 1907, Elsie, 
daughter of Robert and Mary Boyd, grand- 
daughter of Frances Boyd and" William 
Townes, and a descendant of the Scotch 
emigrant, Alexander Boyd, who settled in 
\'irginia at an early day. Children of Dr. 
and Mrs. Tucker: Marv Hannah. Elsie 
Boyd, and Weir Mitchell Tucker. The 
fr.mily home is at 208 East Franklin street. 

Reaumur Coleman Stearnes, is a member 
ol a well known family, whose home had 
been in Massachusetts for many years, from 
the day the good ship "Arabella," landed 
his paternal ancestor, Charles Stearnes, in 
Boston harbor, in 1628. Mr. Stearnes is a 
distinguished member of an unusual family, 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



39 



and has won for himself a reputation as an 
educator and scientific man of nation-wide 
familiarity. 

(I) Lewis Patrick Stearnes, the paternal 
^grandfather of the Air. Stearnes of this 
sketch, was a native of Franklin county, 
Massachusetts, where he was born Novem- 
ber 12, i8oi, and died while still a young 
man. after a successful career as a merchant 
in Franklin county, Virginia, his adopted 
state. In the early part of the nineteenth 
century he moved south, finding a new and 
congenial abode among the beautiful moun- 
tains of southwest Virginia, where the name 
was allowed to take on an additional "e" in 
itf orthography. He married Sarah Caba- 
niss, a native of Franklin county, Virginia, 
and by her had four children. One of these 
was Major Orren Darius Stearnes, who died 
a soldier in the Confederate army, during the 
civil war. and another. Dr. John Lewis 
Stearnes, of whom further. Two of the chil- 
dren died in infancy. 

(II) Dr. John Lewis Stearnes, the fourth 
child of Lewis Patrick and Sarah (Cabaniss) 
Stearnes, was born in Franklin county, Vir- 
ginia. December 15. 1834. He studied medi- 
cine at the University of Pennsylvania, and 
after graduation began the practice of his 
profession at Dublin. Pulaski county. Vir- 
ginia. He became one of the leading phy- 
sicians of that section of the state, and 
during the civil war was appointed physi- 
cian of the post at the Dublin camp 
of instruction, by the confederate govern- 
ment. He later resumed his private 
practice, and in 1886 moved the scene of his 
operations to Salem, Virginia, where he still 
has a flourishing private practice, besides 
serving as physician to the large Baptist 
Orphanage located in that town. Dr. 
Stearnes married Phoebe Ann McDermed, a 
native of Roanoke county, Virginia, where 
she was born in 1841, daughter of Daniel 
and Alartha ( Rogers ) McDermed. Mr. Mc- 
Dermed was also a native of Roanoke 
count}-, where his family had resided for 
many years, and where he was a prominent 
merchant in ante-bellum days. His wife, 
Martha (Rogers) McDermed, was a native 
of Ontario, Canada. To Air. and Mrs. AIc- 
Dermed were born two daughters. Phoebe 
Ann, now Mrs. Stearnes, and with her hus- 
band, a resident of Salem, ^'irginia ; and 
Mary, who married Dr. John Barbour Bask- 
erville and is living^ at the home of her son- 



in-law, J. Howe Kent, Esq.. of near Dublin, 
Virginia. Dr. and Mrs. John Lewis Stearnes 
had eight children, as follows: i. James 
Daniel, a physician of Dublin, Virginia. 2. 
Orren Lewis, a resident of Salem, Virginia, 
where he is a director of the Appalachian 
Power Company and a member of the state 
legislature. 3. Robley Stille, a resident of 
Xew Orleans, Louisiana, where he is en- 
gaged in the electrical contracting business. 
4. Reaumur Coleman, mentioned below. 5. 
Mary Lewis, now Mrs. J. V. Moore, of Cape 
Charles, Virginia. 6. Lucy Jackson, a resi- 
dent of Salem, Virginia. 7. Phoebe Rogers, 
who died at the age of seventeen months. 
8. Henry Cabaniss, who died in infancy. 

(HI) Reaumur Coleman Stearnes, the 
fourth child of I^r. John Lewis and Phoebe 
Ann (McDermed) Stearnes, was born April 
8, 1866. at Dublin. Virginia. He passed his 
boyhood in that picturesque locality, and 
when he reached an age to begin his studies 
was sent by Dr. Stearnes, his father, to Ny- 
sorton Academy, not far from Dublin. Here 
he obtained the elementary portion of his 
education, and prepared himself for the more 
advanced college courses which he had in 
anticipation. Of an unusually quick mind 
and a naturally painstaking disposition, he 
at once began to exhibit those powers which 
have appeared so conspicuously in after life. 
Having attracted the favorable notice of his 
instructors at the academy, and graduated 
therefrom with high honors, he matriculated 
at Richmond College, where he pursued 
with even greater distinction his career as 
a student. Again he won the honors from 
all competitors, and finally graduated v.-ith 
the class of 1887, with the degree of Master 
of Arts, winning the threefold distinction 
of being Greek medalist, philosophy medal- 
ist and class valedictorian. The love of the 
scholar's life was strong within him and he 
had determined to devote his life to the pro- 
fession of teaching, .\ccordingly he accep- 
ted a position as instructor in mathematics 
and science in the Alleghany Institute at 
Roanoke, Virginia. He began these duties 
at the age of twenty-one years, and in the 
next three years so distinguished himself 
that the regard of educators in that region 
began to be fixed upon him most favorably. 
It soon became apparent that the post of in- 
structor was only a stepping stone for one 
of the ideas entertained by Mr. Stearnes, 
who was already possessed of a theorv of 



40 



\'IRGiXlA BIOGRAPHY 



an educational system which he felt com- 
petent to inaugurate. Accordingly, when 
only twenty-six years old, he was made 
sujjerintendent of schools in Roanoke 
county. 

It might be supposed that a task of such 
magnitude and responsibility of supervising 
ninety schools and inaugurating an entirely 
new system would have taxed the powers 
and energy of so young a man, but Mr. 
Stearnes instead of finding his duties too 
onerous, added to them the practice of the 
law. his new profession becoming of great 
value in connection with the superintend- 
cncy of the county schools. The year 1892 
marked his choice as county superintendent, 
and 1896 the beginning of his legal practice. 
He continued these double labors until 1906, 
and was then made secretary to the state 
board of education, his office dating from 
.April first of that year. Here his learning 
and grasp of the situation generally so im- 
pressed his colleagues that by their unani- 
mous vote he was elected, January i, 1913, 
superintendent of public instruction for the 
state of Virginia. On February i, 1914. the 
people of the state confirmed this choice by 
electing Mr. Stearnes to the same office for 
a term of four years, without opposition. 
Mr. Stearnes has served in every capacity 
ill the public school system of Virginia, ped- 
agogical, legal and administrative, and in all 
has acquitted himself, not merely with credit 
but in so able a manner as to win the ad- 
miration of the great community which he 
serves and of educators everywhere. He is 
now entering upon the duties of the state 
superintendency with his customarj- vigor 
and judgment, and it seems certain that an 
era of great development, along the lines of 
the best modern and scientific theories, 
awaits the schools of the state, under his 
capable direction. Mr. Stearnes has the ad- 
vantage, not always possessed by strong 
men. of having won the intelligent co-oper- 
ation on the part of his coadjutors on the 
board of education, and the appreciative 
support of the people of Virginia, as shown 
by their unanimous ratification of his ap- 
pointment to the superintendenc}-. Mr. 
Stearnes is now a resident of Richmond, 
where he has a handsome home in West- 
hampton. He is an active participant in the 
life of the community in many of its as- 
pects, is a member of the Masonic Order 
and of the Royal Arcanum, of which he last 



year was the grand regent. He is also a 
member of the Westmoreland Club. 

Mr. Stearnes married, December 27, 1888, 
in Richmond, \'irginia, Mary Elizabeth Ar- 
nold, a native of Charlotte county, Virginia, 
where she was born December 4, 1865. She 
is a daughter of the Rev. Joseph D. and 
Elizabeth (Mosely) Arnold. Mr. Arnold is 
now a resident of W'aynesville, North Caro- 
lina, and was for many years a clergyman 
of the Methodist church, that state, but is 
now retired from active ministry. His pres- 
ent wife is a sister of Chief Justice Walter 
Clark, of Raleigh, North Carolina. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Stearnes have been born 
three children, as follows: Bessie Arnold, 
born .August 19, 1890; John Lewis, who died 
a1 the age of eighteen months in March, 
1893; Reaumur Coleman Jr., born April 8, 
1901. Mr. and Mrs. Stearnes are members 
of the Presbyterian church, attending the 
Second Church of that denomination in 
Richmond. They are rearing their children 
in that faith. 

Reaumur Ccjleman Stearnes is a very 
}Oung man to have achieved the position 
which he has in the community and state, 
hardly yet the very zenith of his power ; so 
that taking into consideration the success- 
ful nature of the first part of his career and 
his abilities, together with the unusual de- 
gree of support and appreciation with which 
his efforts have been favored, there seem? 
every reason to predict a brilliant and splen- 
did future for him, a future in which his 
powers shall have ample scope to carry out 
the great aims which he has in view for the 
development of education and the extension 
of culture throughout his state. 

Decatur Axtell. The traditional storv of 
three brothers of the name of Axtell who 
emigrated to .America in the earliest colonial 
times appears to have been \-erified in the 
history of the family. Nathaniel .Axtell, in 
New Haven, Connecticut, in 1(139, "intend- 
ing to go home,'" made his will dated 27th 
of January, 1640, but died in a few weeks, 
before embarking from Boston, according 
to Savage, his will indicating he was un- 
married. Daniel .Axtell. Charleston. South 
Carolina, one of the landgraves of that col- 
ony, whose will was proved in London 2nd 
of July. 1680, \\'alter Needham, AL D.. being 
appointed attorney to serve as executor in 
place of his widow, Rebecca Axtell, execu- 




,^/jcoc;^Cz^^ C(lya:Z€j^ 



THE NEW YORK | 
PDBUC LIB'KARY' 



TILDEN FOUNPATIONi 



\ IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



41 



trix, from whom present Carolina and Vir- 
ginia families contain many descendants 
through female lines. Thomas Axtell, born 
lierkhampstead. Hertfordshire, England. 
January 26, 1619, emigrated and settled in 
Sudbury, Massachusetts Bay colony, 1642, 
and died there in 1646, leaving to his wife an 
estate by will approved by the governor, 
deputy governor and secretary of the colony. 

The name Axtell appears in English rec- 
ords in the year 1535, when John Axstyl, to- 
gether with others of a monastery belonging 
to the Augustinian Order of Monks in Gat- 
esden, Hertfordshire, England, made over 
their property to Henry \TII. At St. Peter's 
Church, Berkhampstead, a town twenty-six 
miles from London, there is a record of the 
baptism of John Axtell, son of John, in 1539, 
(the record of baptisms in England Ijegan 
about that time) and another of William 
Axtell, son of John, in 1541. The name 
.seems to ha\e been well and creditably es- 
tablished there at that time. Other entries 
follow to 1614, when there is a series which 
includes the names of the founders of the 
family in America. 

The direct male line is as follows : 

(I) Thomas Axtell, one of the three im- 
m.igrant brothers born January 26, 1619, 
as stated above was the son of William Ax- 
tell, of Berkhampstead. 

(H) Henry Axtell, only son of Thomas 
and Mary Axtell, was born at Berkhamp- 
stead, October 15, 1641, and was brought to 
Sudbury, Massachusetts Bay colony, in his 
infancy. He became one of the first pro- 
prietors of Middleboro, Massachusetts ; mar- 
ried Hannah Merriam, June 14, 1665 ; was 
killed by Indians in their attack on Marl- 
boro and Sudbury. April 19-21, 1676. during 
King I'hilip's war. 

(HI) Daniel Axtell. son of Henry and 
Hannah (Merriam) Axtell, was born No- 
vember 4, 1673, at Marlboro, Massachusetts 
Bay colony went to South Carolina in 1695 
with Elder William Pratt, where he met his 
kinswomen. "Lady Axtell." and lived on 
Ashley river until 1707. when he returned 
to Massachusetts, having married. May 12, 
1702. Thankful Pratt, daughter of Elder 
Pratt. He was a large land owner and 
jirominent citizen of Berkley, then a part of 
Taunton, where he died in 1735. William 
Pratt's father, Thomas Pratt, of Wevmouth, 
Massachusetts, was killed in the Marlboro- 
Sudbury fight — King Philip's war. 



(I\') Ebenezer Axtell, son of Daniel and 
Thankful (Pratt) Axtell, born at Berkley, 
Massachusetts, March 24, 1724, was a promi- 
nent citizen, frequently holding ofiice ; an 
ensign in the continental army. Married 
Hannah I latheway, of Berkley, probably 
daughter of Colonel John Hatheway, of 
Berkley, who raised a regiment in 1778. 

(V) Thomas Axtell, son of Ebenezer and 
Hannah (Hatheway) Axtell, was born at 
Berkley. July 15, 1755. He served as a vol- 
unteer in the revolutionary war ; married 
Rebecca French, at Berkley, August 9, 1775, 
and died in Peru, Massachusetts, February 
10, 1816. 

(VI) Daniel Axtell. son of Thomas and 
Rebecca (French) Axtell, was born at Sut- 
ton, Massachusetts, l'"ebruary i"] , 1787. He 
was a student of political and religious mat- 
ters : prominent and active as a member of 
the Baptist church, as a W'hig in politics and 
although consistently refusing to accept 
public office, he was also a leader in all bene- 
ficial local movements. He married Jane 
Wellman at lielgrade, Maine, in 1809, whose 
grandfather, Jacob Wellman. held a com- 
mission in the army in 1764. His father, 
Abraham Wellman, died at the siege of 
Louisburg in the French war, 1745. 

(VII) Almon Axtell. son of Daniel and 
Jane (W^ellman) Axtell, was born Septem- 
ber 18, 181 1, at Peru, afterward Windsor, 
Massachusetts. He moved to Lorain 
county, Ohio, in 1832, with his parents; he 
was a Democrat and took an active interest 
in local politics, was influential in public 
affairs, but refused to hold any political 
office. He married Sophronia Boynton. 
daughter of Daniel and Beza (Delano) 
Boynton. in South Amherst, Lorain county, 
Ohio. October 20, 1835. She was born No- 
vember 21, 1813. at W'aterville, Maine; was 
a lineal descendant of William Boynton, 
leader of a party of Englishmen who settled 
in Massachusetts during the Cromwellian 
period. The name Boynton occurs frequent- 
ly in English records from the time of the 
conquest ; she was maternally descended 
from the "Mayflower" passengers. John Al- 
den and Priscilla. daughter of William Mul- 
lins. Philip Delano and other Pilgrim 
immigrants, signers of the Compact. 

(VTII ) Decatur Axtell, son of Almon and 
Sophronia ( Boynton) Axtell, was born Feb- 
ruary 8. 1848, at Elyria, Lorain county 
Ohio. His ancestry in all ascertained lines 



42 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



traces directly to the "Mayflower" Pilgrims 
and early Puritan settlers of Massachusetts 
colony. He received his early education in 
the local schools of his native place, and 
attended the Illinois College at Jacksonville, 
Illinois, during the years 1866 and 1867. In 
1864 and 1865, the last years of the civil war 
he served on the engineer corps of the Pa- 
cific Railroad of Missouri in the construc- 
tion of that road through the western coun- 
ties of that state. Kansas City and Leaven- 
worth, Kansas. During the period from 
November, 1867, to July, 1880, as assistant 
engineer, he had charge of the construction 
of several parts of the St. Louis, Iron Moun- 
tain and Southern Railway, and was chief 
engineer of the Cairo, Arkansas and Texas 
Railway, with residence at St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. From 1880 to 1889 he was vice-presi- 
dent and also receiver of the Richmond and 
Alleghany Railroad Company, at Richmond, 
Virginia, and from 1889 to 19 13 was vice- 
president of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway 
Company ; also during this interval he was 
for some years president of the Toledo & 
Ohio Central Railway and was chairman of 
the board of directors of the Kanawha & 
Michigan Railway. At present he is first 
vice-president of the Chesapeake & Ohio 
Railway Company and of the Hocking Val- 
ley Railway Company. From 1891 to 191 1 
he served as president of the Virginia Hot 
Springs Compan)' : is now president of the 
White Sulphur Springs, Inc., and vice-presi- 
dent and director of several other corpo- 
rations. He has lived in Richmond since 
July, 1880. 

In politics he is a Democrat, but voted for 
William McKinley, Republican, for presi- 
dent in 189(1, on the Free Silver issue. He 
attends the Protestant Episcopal church, 
though he is not a communicant. He is a 
member of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers ; the Ohio Society of New York, 
the Virginia State Branch of the Society of 
Colonial Wars, of the Society of Mayflower 
Descendants, the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, the South Carolina Historical So- 
ciety, the \'irginia Historical Society; also 
of the \\'estmoreland. Commonwealth and 
Country clubs of Richmond, \'irginia. 

He married May Cantrell, daughter of Dr. 
\\'illiam Armour and Ellen (Harrell) Can- 
trell. October 13, 1876. at Little Rock. Ar- 
kansas. They have no children. Dr. Can- 
trell served in the confederate armv on Gen- 



eral ChurchilTs staflf in the war between the 
states, and was afterwards physician at the 
L'nited States army post at Little Rock, Ar- 
k;insas. 

Irving P. Whitehead. All that is known 
of the Wliitehead family of Amherst county 
prior to 1760 is more or less traditional. This 
is due in a large measure to the fact that the 
records of New Kent county were destroyed 
during the war between the states. It is 
certain that the family were early settlers 
in the colony and had interest there as early 
as 1622 for in that year \\'illiam Whitehead 
of London, bequeathed a sum of money to 
establish a school in Virginia. Only one 
^^ hitehead is mentioned by Philip A. Bruce, 
viz.. Thomas \\'hitehead, whose will is of 
record year 1660. "The Virginia Heraldica'' 
\'olume V, mentions Richard Whitehead, 
of (iloucester county, to whom was granted 
a tract of 5,000 acres of land on October 
24, 1673. The coat-of-arms of this family 
are those of Whitehead, Lancashire, Eng- 
land. His son, Philip W'hitehead, was a 
memlier of the house of burgesses for King 
William county in 1726. One account of the 
settlement in \'irginia of the Whitehead 
family is that in the reign of Cromwell three 
brothers of the name came to Virginia in 
company with the Spottswoods and Fitz- 
hughs about the time that Spottswood was 
governor. Another account, and perhaps 
the most reliable, is that during the reign 
of Charles II. a grant of land was made to 
three brothers in eastern A'irginia between 
Jamestown and York river. One of these 
was John Whitehead, and that John W'hite- 
head, of Amherst, as well as all the family, 
of that name in A'irginia, are descended from 
him. 

(1) Joim \\hitehead was born in New 
Kent county, \'irginia, in the year 1735, and 
came to Amherst county about 1760, bring- 
ing with him his young wife, Sarah (Bur- 
cher) \\'hitehead. The deed book of old 
.\mherst, which was cut oiif from Albemarle 
in 1 761, shows he purchased in 1762 a tract 
of land of 125 acres on the head waters of 
Huft creek in what is ilow the Sardis neigh- 
borhood. He was a type of the sturdy 
farmer of that period, who felled the forest 
timber and made the wilderness a habitable 
land. During the revolution he was a 
staunch patriot ; was a member of a com- 
]ianv raised in .Amherst by Colonel William 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



43 



Caljell ; served under the Marquis de Lafay- 
ette in the \'irginia campaign : and was pres- 
ent at tlie surrender of Cornwallis at York- 
town. He married Sarah Burcher, and had 
issue: i. Burcher. see forward. 2. W'yatt, 
removed to Prince Edward county. 3. John, 
removed to Prince Edward county. 4. 
Richard, married Pency Camden, daughter 
of William Camden ; moved to Pittsyhania 
countv and became the head of the large and 
influential family of the name in that county. 
5 Gary, died in 1812. 6. Bartholomew, born 
in 1772. 7. James, removed to Pittsylvania 
county and later to Georgia. 8. Sarah, mar- 
ried, in 1792. Martin Bibb. 9. Edy. married, 
in 1794. George Campbell. 10. Bettie Ann. 
married Moses Wright. 11. Rhoda, died 
unmarried. 12. Nancy, married a Mr. Powell, 
of Monticello. Georgia. 13. Mary, married 
John Smith, of Birmingham, Alabama. 14. 
Susan, married John Stinette. 15. Erankie, 
married a Mr. Powers, of Erederick county. 
Virginia. 16. Marble, died yoimg, unmar- 
ried. John Whitehead died in April, 1787, 
and at the September term of court of that 
year his wife, Sarah, qualified as his admin- 
istratrix. Sarah (Burcher) Whitehead died 
in 1792, and Burcher Whitehead qualified 
as administrator, d. b. n. of John Whitehead. 
(II) Burcher Whitehead, son of John and 
Sarah (Burcher) Whitehead, was born in 
1764. He was a substantial citizen and 
farmer of Amherst county. He married 
Nancy Camden in 1788. Her father, Wil- 
liam Camden, was a man of considerable 
importance in his day, being associated with 
Lord Fairfax in numerous business ven- 
tures. His home was named "Tudor Hall," 
and he also owned "Greenway" on the James 
river. The children of Burcher and Nancy 
(Camden) Whitehead were: i. John, see for- 
ward. 2. William, moved to Tennessee and 
became the head of the family of the name 
in that state. 3. Eloyd L., lived in Nelson 
county, where he engaged in agricultural 
and mercantile pursuits, and became a man 
of influence in the community; he married 
(first) Elizabeth Armstrong, (second) Mar- 
tha Williams; his children were Mary Eliz- 
abeth, who married James Stapples ; Alex- 
ander, married Lucy Stratton ; Kincade. 
married Annie Stratton ; Erances ; George, 
represented Nelson county in the legislature 
for several terms ; Polk, died unmarried ; 
Floyd, married Denie Duke ; Sally, married 
Ballard ; Lucy, unmarried ; Katherine 



unmarried ; Anna, unmarried. 4. Pency, 
never married. 5. Elizabeth, married Asa 
Stratton, of Nelson county, and had issue: 
Elizabeth, unmarried; Robert Burcher, mar- 
ried (first) Mary Elizabeth Peyton, and had 
issue: Sibyl, died unmarried; Robert, died 
in childhood ; Alexander ; Mary Elizabeth ; 
Lavinia Peyton, married Ben D. Puryear ; 
married (second) Elinor Bruce; Alexander 
Brown, married Alice V. Roberts; Eloyd 
Whitehead, married Judith Ouinn ; John 
Asa, died in infancy. 6. Sibyl, never mar- 
ried. 7. Sarah, never married. 8. Alary, mar- 
ried Robert Cutler, and had issue : Mary, 
married Robert E. Harris ; Rev. Landon 
A., married Fannie B. Fitzpatrick ; Clifton B., 
married Pauline Estes ; Preston, married a 
Miss (jarnett; Ernest, died in infancy; Ed- 
\vard. married a Miss Fitzpatrick. 

(HI) John (2) Whitehead, son of Burcher 
and Nancy (Camden) Whitehead, was born 
in Amherst county, Virginia, in 1789. He 
was a man of importance in Amherst county 
filling many positions of honor and trust, 
among them being that of high sheriff of the 
county for a number of terms. He engaged 
in business as a merchant and tobacconist 
for several years. Later he accepted a posi- 
tion as teller of the Bank of Virginia, moved 
to Lynchburg, and at the time of his death 
was a resident of that city. He was a man 
of deep piety and devoted to church work ; 
there is a tablet to his memory in the Cen- 
tenary Methodist Episcopal Church of 
Lynchburg, of which he was a member. He 
married, February 24, 1812, Anna Mahoney, 
a woman of vigorous and strong personality. 
She was an Irish woman, the daughter of 
Dennis Mahoney. who participated in Em- 
mett's rebellion ; escaped to America on its 
collapse and settled in Amherst county. 
Issue: I. Robert, of Nelson county, who was 
a striking figure and commanding person- 
ality in his day; as a- lawyer he was without 
a superior at the bar ; was a forceful speaker, 
being endowed with a splendid mind and 
possessing a profound and accurate know- 
ledge of the law ; stood in the very front 
rank of his profession ; never aspired to 
office, but was elected commonwealth attor- 
ney of Nelson county, and held that position 
for nearly forty years until his advancing 
years made it necessary for him to decline 
re-election ; died at the ripe old age of eigh- 
ty-five, honored and mourned by a host of 
friends; married (first) Lucy Gwathney, by 



44 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



whom he had : John P.., a prominent physi- 
cian of Nelson county ; Anna, married J. 
Rector Smoot. of Alexandria ; Lucy, unmar- 
ried ; Margaret, unmarried : Robert White- 
head married (second) Margaret Baldwin, 
by whom he had : Stuart Baldwin, a promi- 
nent lawyer of Nelson county, who married 
Sue Massie : Katherine. who married Fred 
^Joss; Mary, unmarried; Sarah, unmarried: 
Frederick B.. assistant commissioner of the 
United States Patent Office. 2. Marcellus, 
born in Nelson county, graduated in medi- 
cince from Jefiferson College, and soon there- 
after entered upon a practice of his profes- 
sion at Salisbury. North Carolina : through- 
out all his long and useful life he enjoved 
a large and lucrative practice, and few i)hy- 
sicians were more honored and beloved than 
he ; he was a handsome man, possessing a 
strong intellectual face ; he won front rank 
in his profession, was an advanced thinker, a 
fluent writer and a bold and vigorous 
speaker; he married Jennie Coleman, and 
by her had: Elizabeth, who married Dr. 
Flenderson. of North Carolina; Thomas, 
died unmarried ; Dr. John, prominent phy- 
sician and surgeon at Salisbury, North Caro- 
lina ; Dr. Richard H., dean of the medical 
faculty of the University of \^irginia. who 
married his cousin. \'irgilia Whitehead. 3. 
Sarah, married R. M. Brown, who for years 
was a leading member of the bar of Am- 
herst county, and a splendid citizen in every 
way ; issue : John Whitehead Brown, who 
at the outbreak of the war between the 
states enlisted at the early age of seventeen 
in Company E. Second Virginia Cavalrv, 
and served with fidelity until his death at 
Beaver Dam Station ; opposite his name on 
the military rolls is the notation : "A gallant 
lad;" a comrade has said of him: "He was 
as high a soldier as ever drew sabre ;" 
Thomas W. Brown, deceased : Sarah Ann 
Brown, married (first) Nate Gossuch, and 
had W^illiam and Robert; married (second) 
Colin Stokes, of Covington, Virginia, and 
had two other children : Richard Stokes, an 
attorney at Covington, who married a Miss 
Rhinehardt. and Colin Stokes, of Richmond: 
Robert M. Brown, attorney -at-law of Texas : 
Arthur Brown, of Amherst; and Dr. Ben- 
jamin Brown, of the United States Marine 
Hospital service. 4. Thomas, see forward. 
5. Edgar, born in Nelson county, Virginia, 
received a common school education, and 
entered into the tobacco business ; he ser\ed 



during the war between the states as captain 
of Company E, Second Virginia Cavalry, 
until the reorganization in 1862, when he re- 
tired and was succeeded by his brother 
Thomas Whitehead, for the remainder of 
th.e war being assigned to post duty; after 
the war he returned to mercantile pursuits 
with \aried success, until his death in 1910; 
he married Sallie Cabell, of .Amherst county, 
\*irginia, and had issue: Dr. Cabell White- 
head, prominent in the opening up and de- 
velopment of Alaska, having been called 
"Father of Nome City.'" married Bena .\y- 
ers ; Robert Whitehead, chemist of Perth 
Amboy, New Jersey, married a Miss Zauch- 
baum. 6. Paul Whitehead, D. D.. a promi- 
nent Methodist divine and scholar, was born 
in Amherst coimty, and for many j'ears was 
a dominant figure in the Virginia Confer- 
ence Methodist Episcopal church, south, 
having filled the position of secretary of 
that body for over fifty years; he was a 
fluent speaker, soundly versed in the laws, 
rules and usages of his church, and univer- 
sally conceded to be the best debater in the 
conference ; he was also an educator of no 
little prominence, having conducted a fe- 
male seminary at Murfreesboro. North 
Carolina, and at Farmville. \'irginia. and 
was a member of the board of trustees of the 
Randolph-Macon College at .Ashland, Vir- 
ginia, up to the time of his death; children: 
Janett, died unmarried; Silas, died unmar- 
ried ; \'irgilia. who married Dr. Richard H. 
Whitehead. 7. Silas, died unmarried. 

(IV) Major Thomas Whitehead, son of 
John (2) and Anna (Mahoney) Whitehead, 
was born near Lovingston, Nelson county, 
Virginia. December 2~, 1825. I'Vom an earh 
age Major \\'hitehead evinced those traits 
of character and disposition that made him 
through so many years one of the most 
conspicuous and prominent figures in V^ir- 
ginia history and \'irginia politics. Posses- 
sing a keen and brilliant intellect and a 
masterly command of varied knowledge, he 
was able to shine in any circle in which he 
was placed and to command the attention 
and admiration of all with whom he came 
in contact. Not only was Major Whitehead 
abundantly endowed with unusual intellec- 
tual ability, but along with it he had a 
kindly, charitable heart that made him len- 
ient to the faults of others and sincere in 
all relations with his fellowmen. Thus at 
the verv outset of his career, he won an en- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



45 



during place in the affection of the people 
of his county and state and so estabHshed 
himself in their confidence and esteem that 
on frequent occasions he was honored by 
important and responsible public offices. 
Until after passing his fourteenth year he 
attended the schools of his native county. 
While still a mere boy he began his active 
business life by entering a mercantile and 
tobacco house, where he remained until he 
had almost attained his manhood. He then 
became deputy sheriff of Amherst county, 
and while holding this ])osition diligently 
studied law. being admitted to the bar at 
Amherst court house, in March, 1849. He 
immediately entered upon active practice 
of his profession, practicing law in Amherst, 
Lynchburg and Nelson, and was rapidly 
winning his way to the front rank, when the 
war between the states broke out. Filled 
with the ardent patriotism of a true south- 
erner, Major Whitehead at once proffered 
his services, and throughout the desperate 
struggle stood firmly by the cause which he 
loved, and contributed in many ways to 
the lasting glory of the Confederate arms. 
He entered the military service in April, 
1861, receiving a commission as lieutenant 
of cavalry. He was assigned to the Thir- 
tieth Regiment of Virginia volunteers, 
which later in the year was enrolled as the 
Second Virginia Cavalry Regiment. At the 
reorganization in 1862 he was unanimously 
elected captain of Company E of this com- 
mand, and with this rank he served until 
wounded severely at Trevilian Station, June 
II, 1864. On account of his resulting dis- 
ability he was assigned to duty on the board 
of inquiry at Charlottesville, where he 
served until the evacuation of Richmond, 
in the meantime receiving his commission 
as major. His military services included 
faithful and gallant duty in many important 
battles and campaigns, among them the 
battles of First Manassas, Dranesville, ]\Iid- 
dleburg, Fredericksburg, Front Royal, two 
battles at Winchester, Barnesville, the fight 
in which Ashby fell, Dunkers Church, Port 
Republic, the Seven Days before Richmond, 
Cedar Mountain, the two engagements at 
Harper's Ferry, Stuart's raid in Pennsyl- 
vania, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Green- 
wood and Funkstown, Todd's Tavern, the 
Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, 
Yellow Tavern, Beaver Dam, Ashland, 
Hawe's Shop (where he cut his way through 



the federal lines with four companies of 
his command), Wilson's landing, the raid 
from Raccoon Ford, by Stevensburg, Brandy 
Station or Beverley's Ford, the Stafford 
Raid, with fighting at Hartwood church 
and Falmouth, Kellyville, Second Manassas, 
Occoquan River, the raid after Averell, 
driving him into West Virginia, and Tre- 
\ilian Station. After this arduous service 
with the cavalry of the Army of Northern 
Virginia, he was paroled at Amherst 
court house, where he resumed the practice 
of his profession. He had been elected 
in March. 1865, to the Virginia senate, 
but under the changed conditions could not 
take his seat. In 1866 he was elected 
commonwealth attorney for this county, but 
was removed by the military authority after 
about one year's service. In 1869, being 
again elected, he served his term. In 1872 he 
was the Democratic candidate for Congress 
and was elected by a large majority. In his 
term of service in Congress he served his con- 
stituency with marked fidelity and ability 
and was particularly noted for uprightness 
of conduct and the strict probity of his 
cC)nvictions in all things political. 

Major Whitehead was a Democrat of the 
most uncompromising type, and in number- 
less campaigns stumped the state m the 
interests of its nominees. He was a vigor- 
ous, forceful speaker, and the most eloquent 
and able orators dreaded to meet him. Some 
of his meetings with men of state and 
national reputation are historical. At var- 
ious times he stumped the state almost from 
end to end for the Democratic nominees and 
even in his latter years was willing to under- 
go almost any fatigue to insure their tri- 
umph. 

While pursuing his profession as a law- 
yer. Major Whitehead invaded the news- 
paper field, and also established his reputa- 
tion for ability as an editor. His first ven- 
ture was the "Amherst Enterprise," which 
he conducted until he removed to Lynch- 
burg in 1876 and took charge of the "News." 
Subsequently he established the "Lynch- 
burg Advance" and "Whitehead's Demo- 
crat." In 1887 he was elected commissioner 
of agriculture, succeeding Colonel Randtilph 
Harrison. At that time the power to fill 
that position was vested in the legislature, 
and although he entered the field late, he 
was elected almost unanimously, the mem- 
bers of the legislature recognizing his sig- 



46 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



nal services to the party and his eminent 
fitness for the position. Soon after the elec- 
tion the appointative power was placed in the 
hands of the governor, and he was succes- 
sively reappointed by Governors Lee, I\Ic- 
Kinney and O'Farrall, serving twelve years 
in all. Never was there a more suitable ap- 
pointment than the selection of Major 
Whitehead to be commissioner of agricul- 
ture. Farming was to him a source of 
ceaseless pleasure, and he was daily engaged 
in experiments of which he gave the Vir- 
ginia farmers the benefit through regular 
reports to the governor and board of agri- 
culture. With a bright and honorable rec- 
ord Major Whitehead left a name that will 
be stamped upon the annals of Virginia's 
political history, and in the years to come 
he will be remembered as one of the old 
school, a Virginia gentleman and an honest 
man. Despite the crowded cares and duties 
of his official life. Major Whitehead devoted 
time and labor to the cause of religion, and 
was at all times an earnest and zealous 
worker in the Methodist Episcopal church, 
in which faith he received the last summons, 
July 4, 1901. The Rev. W. J. Young in his 
address at the funeral of Major Whitehead 
said of him : 

His public career was entirely free from criticism, 
and we have lost not only a devoted church mem- 
ber, but a citizen honored and honorable, true to 
every trust. His last hour was one of quietness 
and peace. He was not afraid to die, not afraid on 
the field of battle, in political life, in the church or 
in private life ; he never shrank from duty, and he 
met death without a tremor. 

Major W hitehead was twice married. His 
first wife was Alary Kincade Irving, the 
daughter of Hon. Joseph K. Irving. She 
lived less than a year. By this marriage 
there was no issue. On June 15, 1854, he 
married Martha Henry Garland, daughter 
of Hon. Samuel M. Garland, of Amherst, at 
that time and for many years thereafter the 
foremost citizen of the county having repre- 
sented the county in many capacities, among 
them being a member of the secession con- 
vention. Mrs. Whitehead was a woman of 
many gifts, being a forceful and fluent 
writer, she was a true helpmeet, rendering 
her husband valuable assistance in all of his 
work. Children: I. John, for several terms 
H: member of the house of delegates of Vir- 
ginia from Norfolk City ; married Eulah 
Brown, of that city; issue: Grace G. and 



I'lorence. 2. Mildred Powell, married John 
D. Murrell, a well known newspaper man of 
Richmond, \'irginia ; they have one son, Dr. 
Thomas W.. prominent physician of Rich- 
mond, who married Gertrude Clark. 3. 
Thomas, an attorney of Amherst, prominent 
in church and temperance work : married 
(first) Sarah Evans; issue: Robert, Thomas, 
Bessie Massie, Mary Louisa; married (sec- 
ond ) Sallie Oliver Carter, of Nottoway 
county ; issue : Asa C. and Kate C. 4. David 
Garland, successful business man of Rich- 
mond, president of the Everett-Waddy Com- 
pany ; married Annie Belle Brown, of Ash- 
land, now deceased. 5. Mary Irving, mar- 
ried Edward Schneider, of Bremen, Ger- 
many, now deceased ; she resides in Rich- 
mond. 6. Irving Powell, a well known 
attorney of Lynchburg; married Alartha 
W'inston ^^'alker, of Kentucky, now de- 
ceased ; children : Edmund Winston and 
Jane Massie. 7. Martha Garland, married 
Dr. Stuart Michaux, and resides in Rich- 
mond. 8. Sarah Anna Brown, married 
Henry D. Perkins, editor of the 'T.edger- 
Dispatch" of Norfolk, Virginia ; issue : 
Thomas W., died young, and Alartha Gar- 
land. 9. Ella Guy. married Dr. Theodore 
Hough, professor in the University of Vir- 
ginia. ID. Dr. Robert Camden, married 
Helen Cowles, of New York; they reside in 
Norfolk, \'irginia, and have one son, Henry 
Cowles. 

William Hartley Craig, M. D. On the 

paternal side of ."scotch, and on the maternal 
side of English forebears. Dr. W^illiam Hart- 
ley Craig, of Richmond. Virginia, in his own 
right is a native-born \'irginian, a product 
of^ the public schools and medical college of 
his native city, Richmond. He is a grand- 
son of Samuel Craig, who died in 1880, son 
of the Scotch emigrant Craig, who first set- 
tled in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He mar- 
ried Miss O'Brien, and left male issue. 

(II) Samuel B. Craig, son of Samuel 
Craig, was a merchant of Manchester (now 
Richmond), \'irginia, a man of great indus- 
try and uprightness. He married Elizabeth 
F, Hartley, daughter of Alfred Hartley, 
born 1830, died 1904, of English birth, set- 
tling in the State of Maine in 1856. His 
wife. Miss Speights, was also born in Eng- 
land, she in ISradford, he in Brighouse. 

(III) Dr. William Hartley Craig, son of 
Samuel B, and Elizabeth F. (Hartley) Craig, 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



47 



was born in Manchester (Richmond), \'ir- 
ginia, March 17, 1883. He was educated in 
the public schools, finishing his preparatory 
study at the high school. He became a pro- 
ficient stenographer, and from 1900 to 1902 
was employed as such in the law office of 
Wyndham R. Meredith. He later entered 
the Medical College of Virginia, receiving 
his degree of Doctor of Medicine from that 
institution in 1906. He spent the following 
year in post-graduate work at Philadelphia 
Polyclinic, and in 1907 became interne at 
Richmond Memorial Hospital. In 1908 and 
1909 he was surgeon for the Crane Creek Coal 
& Coke Compan}-, and in 1910 began private 
practice in Richmond, where he is becoming 
well known as a skillful, reliable and honor- 
able physician. In 1913 he became associate 
professor in orthopaedic surgery at the 
Medical College of Virginia. He has made 
special investigations in "tropical diseases" 
and is yet a hard student and investigator 
along medical lines, with fixed and stead}- 
purpose. He is a member of the Medical 
Society of Virginia ; Richmond Academ}" 
of Medicine and Surgery ; president of the 
Chesterfield County Medical Society ; Alumni 
Society, Medical College of Virginia ; Pi 
Mu, Greek letter medical fraternity ; the 
Masonic order; of the Eastern Star (past 
patron) ; Richmond Young Alen's Christian 
Association ; a communicant of the Presby- 
terian church, and a Democrat in politics. 
His favorite recreations are horseback rid- 
ing and motoring, forms of recreation he 
finds most helpful as well as enjoyable. His 
cheerful manner and kindliness of disposi- 
tion win him many friends, while his manly 
upright character holds them always to him. 

Bishop Thomas Campbell Darst. The 

ecclesiastical career of Rev. Thomas Camp- 
bell Darst, bishop of the diocese of Eastern 
Carolina, has been one of exceptional activ- 
ity, and he has performed service in several 
fields. Upon the completion of his course 
in divinity at the Virginia Seminary he was 
ordained a deacon of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church, entered the priesthood in the 
following year, filled different assistant posi- 
tions and full charges, and on October 8. 
1914, was made bishop of the diocese of 
Eastern Carolina. Bishop Darst is rector of 
St. James' Parish of Richmond, Virginia, 
having previously, 1905 to 1909, been identi- 
fied with St. Mark's Church, of this city, and 



in Richmond, as in the other places whither 
his ministry has taken him. is loved and 
honored as an ecclesiastic of sincerity and 
purpose, one who lives the creed he cham- 
pions. 

(I) The family of which Bishop Darst is 
a member has been long resident in Vir- 
ginia, its early home in Rockbridge county, 
where was born Benjamin Darst. grand- 
father of Bishop Darst. Benjamin Darst 
was owner of large lands, which he devoted 
to agriculture and stock raising, prospering 
in his operations and acquiring a generous 
competence. He was a soldier in the Amer- 
ican army in the war of 1812. Benjamin 
Darst married Elizabeth Welsh, born at the 
noted Fancy Hill. Rockbridge county, \'ir- 
ginia, then owned by her father, and among 
their children was Thomas Welsh, of whom 
further. 

(II) Thomas Welsh Darst, son of Benja- 
min and Elizabeth (Welsh) Darst, was born 
in Rockbridge county. Virginia, in Septem- 
ber, 1817. and died in 1882. His active years 
were passed in farming, and during the war 
with the states he held the rank of major 
of militia, while both of his sons of his first 
marriage, soldiers in the Confederate States 
army, met death at the front. Thomas 
Welsh Darst married (first) Margaret 
Miller; (second) in 1859, Margaret Glendy, 
born in Augusta county, Virginia, Novem- 
ber 25, 1830, daughter of John Glendy, a 
native of ^.Londonderry, Ireland, and his 
wife, Mary Wilson (Larue) Glendy. John 
Glendy was brought to the United States by 
his parents in infancy and was reared in 
Augusta county. Virginia, where he resided 
until 1835, i" that year moving to Pulaski 
county, \'irginia, where he farmed on an 
extensive scale. Other than the two sons 
who were killed in battle, Thomas Welsh 
Darst had two children by his first marriage, 
the others Elizabeth, married W. F. How- 
ard, of Pulaski county. Virginia, and Mary, 
married John W. Wilson, of Pulaski county, 
Virginia. Children of Thomas Welsh and 
Margaret (Glendy) Darst: Gillie \\'ilson, 
married D. P. Martin, of Salem, Virginia ; 
James C, a resident of Norfolk, Virginia ; 
Margaret, deceased, married Robert Brown, 
of Pulaski county, Virginia; Frank AI., de- 
ceased; Thomas Campbell, of whom fur- 
ther. 

(III) Rev. Thomas Campbell Darst, 
youngest of the five children of Thomas 



48 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Welsh and Margaret (Glendy) Darst. was 
born in Pulaski county. Virginia, Novem- 
ber 10, 1875, t^nd lived on his father's farm 
until he was thirteen years of age. The fol- 
lowing year, upon the death of his mother, 
he made his home in Salem, there complet- 
ing his preparatory education and for two 
years attending Roanoke College. For the 
two years following he was engaged in busi- 
ness in West Virginia and New Jersey, then 
returning to Roanoke College he completed 
the course he had begun four years before. 
In 1899 'is entered the Virginia Seminary, 
and was graduated in divinity in the class of 

1902, in June of that year becoming a dea- 
con of the Protestant Episcopal church. For 
one year he was connected with the parish 
of Fairmount, A\'est Virginia, and in June, 

1903, was ordained into the priesthood, being 
first assigned to Johns and Meade parish in 
Fauquier and Amherst counties. Rev. 
Darst in 1905 came to St. Mark's Church, 
of Richmond, and there remained for four 
years, in December, 1909, taking charge of 
St. Paul's Church, at Newport News, Vir- 
ginia. He returned to Richmond in 1914 
as assistant to Rev. William Clark, D, D,, 
rector of St. James' Church, and in May, 
1914, upon the death of Dr. Clark, succeeded 
him as rector. Additional duties and honors 
came to Rev. Darst in October of the same 
year (1914) in his elevation to the office of 
bishop, his diocese. Eastern Carolina, his 
investment as bishop occurring on October 
8. That Rev. Darst will worthily uphold 
the dignity and honor of his high position 
and that his consecrated service will be hap- 
pily rewarded is the sentiment in the minds 
and hearts of his co-laborers in religious 
work. Laity and clergy have found him true 
to every trust, and he is lacking in none of 
the attributes that comprise the successful 
minister of the gospel, not the least of which 
is a life strict in rectitude beyond reproach. 
Bishop Darst is a member of the Pi Kappa 
Alpha fraternity, to which he was elected 
during his student years. His other fra- 
ternal associations are the Masonic order 
and the Knights of Pythias. 

He married, at "Araby,'' Fairfax county, 
Virginia, November 5, 1902, Florence New- 
ton \\'ise, born in Alexander, Virginia, De- 
cember 17, 1876, died January 12, 1914. 
daughter of George Wise, of "Araby," near 
Alexandria, \'irginia, engaged in insurance 
business, (ieorge Wise married Ida, sister 



of Colonel William Smoot. of Alexander, 
\'irginia. Children of Bishop Thomas 
Campbell and Florence Newton (Wise) 
Darst : George ^^'ise, born July 16, 1904 ; 
Thomas Campbell Jr., born August 31, 1907; 
Meade Clark, born ]\Iarch 14, 1910. 

John Campbell Hagan. This branch of 
the Hagan family in America springs from 
the O'Hagans of Ireland, the "O" being gen- 
erally omitted on this side of the Atlantic. 
The family has been noted for prominence 
in business, law and literature, in both 
Ireland and the United States. The grand- 
father of John Campbell Hagan of Rich- 
mond, Mrginia, was John Hagan, a farmer 
and landed proprietor, a man of education 
and resolute character, who was born, lived 
and died in Ireland. His wife. Ellen (Camp- 
bell) Hagan, was of bright intellectual qual- 
ities, a lover of the good, beautiful and true, 
inspiring in her children the same ambitious 
hopes that the limitation of her Irish home 
denied fruition. 

(II) John (2) Hagan, son of John (i) and 
Ellen (Campbell) Hagan. was born in Clanoe, 
county Tyrone, Ireland, died at Richmond, 
Virginia, October 14, 1874. After coming to 
the United States and settling in Richmond, 
he engaged in mercantile life. He was a sol- 
dier in the Confederacy, serving in Company 
-\. Tenth \'irginia Battalion, enlisting as pri- 
vate and attaining the rank of sergeant. He 
was a Democrat in politics, and a member of 
the Roman Catholic church. He married 
Catherine Downey, born in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, who survives him. Children: John 
Campbell ; John Felix, died in infancy ; Mary 
Catharine, died in infancy. 

(III) John Campbell Hagan, son of John 
(2) and Catherine (Downey) Hagan, was 
born in Richmond, Virginia, December 25, 
1857, now an honored financier of his native 
city. He was educated in the Richmond 
])rivate schools and at Georgetown Univer- 
sity. Washington, D. C, and began his busi- 
ness career in the freight department of the 
Richmond and Petersburg Railroad Com- 
pany, continuing two years. He spent the 
next two years with the Chesapeake & Ohio 
Railroad at Charlottesville, then accepted an 
(ififer from a Massachusetts shoe manufac- 
turing concern and spent twelve years in 
their employ. He then returned to his native 
city, where he became financially interested 
with several manufacturing enterprises, but 



THE NEW YORK \ 
PUBLIC LIBRARY^ 



MT«H, LEHOK ' 

TILBEN FOUNDATION* ,' 



i 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



49 



was not actively connected with any until 
he engaged in the wholesale leaf tobacco 
trade as senior partner of the Hagan-Dart 
Tobacco Company, doing largely an export 
business. While in this business he became 
interested in Richmond banking enterprises, 
later being elected president of the Capital 
Savings Bank He continued at the head of 
that institution until it passed out of exist- 
ence bv merger with the Bank of Commerce 
and Trusts. Shortly after the merger the 
Main Street Bank of Richmond was organ- 
ized and its presidency olifered Mr. Hagan. 
He at first refused, but upon further solici- 
tation from the board of directors he ac- 
cepted the position of chief executive. A 
worker all his active years, Mr. Hagan has 
risen to high position, not by favor, but by 
merit. He holds an excellent position in 
public regard and justifies the confidence of 
his many friends. He was sergeant in Com- 
pany B, Captain Dr. Henry C. Jones, First 
Virginia Regiment (Walker Light Guards), 
and is a member of the Old First Regiment 
Association. He is past state deputy Knights 
of Columbus ; member of the Westmoreland, 
Commonwealth and Country clubs of Rich- 
mond. He is a member of the Roman Cath- 
olic church, and the socities St. Vincent De 
Paul and McGill's Catholic Union. His 
children are also communicants, his wife 
being a member of the Protestant Episcopal 
church. 

Mr. Hagan married, in Richmond, Sep- 
tember 14, 1887, Alice May Nipe, born in 
Baltimore, Maryland, in October, 1861, 
daughter of James W. and Emma (Bennett) 
Nipe, the former a member of the wholesale 
grocery firm of Arrington & Nipe. Children : 
John Morton, graduated from the Virginia 
Military Institute in the class of 191 1, now 
connected with the Mrginia-Carolina Chem- 
ical Company, residing at Ensley, Alabama ; 
Catherine Downey ; William Campbell, a 
student at the Virginia Military Academy; 
Joseph Addison, a student at the Virginia 
Military Academy; John Campbell (2), a 
student at McGuire's School, Richmond. 

George Janes Davison, D. D. S. Through- 
out the connection of this line of Davison, 
Scotch in origin and originally of New York 
residence in the United States, with the city 
of Richmond, Virginia, the profession of 
dentistry has claimed its members in a 
direct line through three generations, two 

VIR— 4 



of the present representatives of the family 
in this calling in Richmond being Dr. George 
Janes Davison and his son, Dorset Allen 
Davison, father and son associated in prac- 
tice. 

The histor_\- of the family in the United 
States dates from the arrival in this country 
of Samuel Davison, a native of Scotland, 
who first located in Rochester, New York, 
where he owned and cultivated land, serving 
in the American army in the second war 
\\ith Great liritain. Samtiel Davison was 
an iii\entor of no mean genius, and in an 
elaborately equipped machine and workshop 
wrought out several mechanical appliances 
ot value. 

Dr. F'erdinand Davison, son of Samuel 
Davison, was born in Monroe county, New 
York, in 1822, and died in Richmond in 1897. 
For forty years he was a dental practitioner 
ill this city, a professional man of standing 
and reputation. He inherited a large share 
of his father's inventive talent, and during 
the war betw-een the states perfected a bullet 
manufacturing machine that was of value to 
the Confederate government. Ferdinand 
Davison married Mary Jeanette Janes, born 
in Monroe county. New York, in 1822, and 
died in Richmond in 1896, a descendant 
through her mother of the Whitney family 
of New York. Three of their ten children 
survive to this time : Dr. George Janes, of 
whom further ; W'illiam Ferdinand, born in 
1857, a dentist of Richmond; and Mary 
Jeanette, born in Richmond, unmarried, 
practices chiropathy in Boston, Massachu- 
setts. 

Dr. George Janes Davison, son of Dr. 
Ferdinand and Alary Jeanette (Janes) Davi- 
son, was born in Rochester, New York, Sep- 
tember ig, 1847, and was taken to Bedford 
county, \'irginia, by his parents when but 
an infant. When he was ten years of age 
the family residence was changed to Rich- 
mond and in this city he attended the pub- 
lic schools. He was little more than a boy 
when he went to the front as a private in 
the Confederate army, but in the service he 
bravely performed a man's work and played 
a man's part, his brigade known as the Cus- 
ter Lee, Third Virginia, at the close of the 
war. The rigors of hard campaigns and the 
unusual exposure demanded their toll when 
the conflict was over and the spur of neces- 
sity was removed, and Dr. Davison suflfered 
from a severe attack of typhoid fever. He 



so 



MRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



bef,'an the study of dentistry under the care- 
ful preceptorship of his honored father, then 
entered the New York College of Dentistry, 
whence he was graduated in 1869. Return- 
ing to Richmond, he was associated in prac- 
tice with his father until the death of the 
elder Davison, and has since followed his 
profession in this city. Identified in practice 
with Dr. Davison is his son, Dorset Allen 
Davison, who was graduated from the Bal- 
timore College of Dentistry in 1904, fifth in 
the list of twenty honor men in a class of 
sixty-eight members. Dr. Dorset .\llen 
Davison at graduation won the first prize 
for bridge work and the same award for all 
mechanical dentistry. He has been con- 
nected with his father throughout his entire 
active career, and is the inventor of several 
well known and extensively used dental ap- 
pliances. Father and son are alike able mas- 
ters of their profession, skilled in all of its 
departments, and stand among the leaders 
in dental surgery in Richmond, where the 
name Davison has ever meant the best in 
that calling. Dr. George Janes Davison 
affiliates with several fraternal orders, 
among them the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, the Improved Order of Red Men, 
and the Junior Order of United .'\merican 
Mechanics. 

He married, in Richmond, Virginia, June 
6, 1869, A'irginia C. Pennell, born in Rich- 
mond, a member of a Maryland family, and 
has children : Mary Jeanette, married W. D. 
Payton, of Fredericksville, Virginia ; Laura 
Elma, married G. K. Pollock, of Richmond, 
Virginia; Lelia Irene, married John Roscher, 
of Richmond; Larette Elma, married G, M. 
Anderson, of Rockbridge Baths, Virginia ; 
Dorset Allen, previously mentioned, mar- 
ried Nellie R. Turner, of Richmond ; Fred- 
erick Eugene, unmarried, associated with 
the Walter Moses Piano Company, of Rich- 
mond ; George Evans, a draughtsman. 

Thomas Stewart Wheelwright. The 

Wheelwrights of Warren county, Virginia, 
are descended from an old New England 
family whose emigrant ancestor settled in 
Massachusetts Bay Colony. Several Wheel- 
wrights since that time have been promi- 
nent in the colonial wars, in the revolution 
and in the civil war ; and the family has pro- 
duced others who became eminent in church 
and state ; however, the most distinguished 



person of the line was the Rev. John Wheel- 
wright, of New England colonial days. 

(I) He was born about 1592-94, in Lin- 
colnshire, England, the son of Robert and 
Katherine Wheelwright, of Saleby, Lincoln- 
shire, England. He graduated in 1614 from 
the Sidney-Sussex College, Cambridge, Eng- 
land, where he became intimate with Oliver 
Cromwell, afterward the dictator. He mar- 
ried (first) Alarie Storrie (Story), daughter 
of the Rev. Thomas Storrie, the 8th day of 
November, 1621. She died in 1630, leaving 
issue. Her father, the vicar of Bilsby, Lin- 
colnshire, died not long after her marriage, 
and was succeeded by Rev. John Wheel- 
wright, who was placed in charge of the 
vacant parish. He married (second) Mary 
or Marie Hutchinson, daughter of Edward 
Hutchinson, of Afford Lincolnshire, in 1631. 
She was the sister of William and Samuel 
Hutchinson, residents of Boston, Massachu- 
setts Bay Colony, in 1635, the former after- 
wards a resident of Rhode Island. A few 
years later Rev. John Wheelwright con- 
sented to give up his patrimony for a sum 
of money, but the transaction coming to the 
knowledge of his bishop, the living was de- 
clared to be forfeited ; however, the oitense 
was not an unusual one of that time, and did 
not imply any moral turpitude. 

Shortly after the above mentioned inci- 
dent Rev. John Wheelwright, together with 
his second wife and family, sailed for Amer- 
ica, and arrived in New England, May 26, 
1636. He was admitted to the church at 
Boston, June 12, 1636, and in the same year 
was pastor for a few months of the "Chapel 
of Ease" at Mount Wollaston, Braintree. 
Meanwhile, the peace and quiet of the settle- 
ment of Newbury had been disturbed by a 
religious controversy in which Mrs. Anne 
(Alarbury) Hutchinson, wife of William 
Hutchinson, took an active part. The Rev. 
John Wheelwright, her brother-in-law, de- 
livered a sermon in Boston on the 19th day 
of January, 1637, in which he gave expres- 
sion to some vigorous thoughts on the sub- 
ject that aroused a storm of criticism and 
censure. He was charged with contempt of 
court and sedition, and in November follow- 
ing was disfranchised by order of the gen- 
eral court and compelled to leave the colony. 

He left Boston and traveled northward 
along the seacoast, passing through Salem, 
Ipswich and Newbury to his first stopping 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



51 



place, which was near Hampton, New 
Hampshire, where he remained for a few 
weeks, and then pushed on into the wilder- 
ness through deep snows and the bitter cold 
of winter to Swampscott falls on the Pis- 
c;itaqua river. There he bought a large 
tract of land from the Indians, and founded 
the town of Exeter. New Hampshire. In 
1643 the colony of Massachusetts Bay ex- 
tended jurisdiction over that territory, and 
the Rev. Mr. Wheelwright, with six or eight 
other proscribed persons, removed to Wells, 
Maine, where they were allowed to take up 
land and to organize a church. However, 
in May, 1644, the general court of Massachu- 
setts declared "his banishment taken off," 
and in 1647 he accepted a call to the church 
at Hampton, New Hampshire, as an assist- 
ant to the Rev. Timothy Dalton. 

In 1656 he returned to England, where he 
remained for nearly six years. He came 
back to New England, and on December 6, 
1662, was settled as pastor at Salisbury, 
Massachusetts. Died there November 15, 
1679, in the eighty-seventh year of his age. 
ISio stone or monumental shaft marks his 
last resting place. It is claimed that John 
Wheelwright, his eldest son, did not come 
to America in 1636 with the family. 

(II) Samuel Wheelwright, son of Rev. 
John and Alary or Marie (Hutchinson) 
Wheelwright, was born in 1635, in county 
Lincoln, England. When about twenty-one 
years of age he received a grant of two hun- 
dred acres of land from his father at Wells, 
and afterward became prominent in political 
affairs. He took an active part in the de- 
fence of Wells, Maine, during King Philip's 
war ; was town clerk twenty-nine years at 
Wells. Died May 15 (or 13), 1700, at W'ells, 
Maine. He married Esther Houchin, daugh- 
ter of Jeremy Houchin, of Dorchester, Mas- 
sachusetts, and had issue, several children. 

(HI) Colonel John (2) Wheelwright, son 
of Samuel and Esther (Houchin) Wheel- 
wright, was born about 1664, at Wells, 
Maine. He was brought up in a frontier 
settlement inured to hardships and the priva- 
tions incident to that time. In early man- 
hood he was commissioned as a lieutenant 
of the militia, afterwards as captain, major, 
then colonel ; he served as an officer under 
Major Couvers at Pemaquid and Sheepscot, 
thence to Trebonit, and was afterwards sta- 
tioned at Fort Mary on the Saco river. He 
was endowed with a brave and noble spirit. 



and being a judicious and energetic man, 
his aid was sought on all occasions of pub- 
lic danger. "He was a man of war and a 
host within himself," therefore just the man 
for those times, and was frequently called 
upon to defend the settlers against the In- 
dians and other enemies during the numer- 
ous Colonial wars. 

He was one of the selectmen of Wells. 
Maine, and was town clerk there forty years. 
Later he was, judge of the court of common 
pleas, also judge of probate in York county, 
Maine, and one of the councilors of the prov- 
ince. Died August 13. 1743, aged eighty- 
one years, and his will, dated April 11, 1739, 
sets out the names of his wife and children 
then living. He married. January 28, 1689, 
Mary Snell, daughter of Captain George 
Sncll. a mariner of Portsmouth, New Hamp- 
shire, by whom he had eleven children. His 
daughter. Esther Wheelwright, when only 
seven years of age, was captured by the In- 
dians and taken to Canada. He endeavored 
to secure her exchange and return, but with- 
out avail. Some years later she was bap- 
tized into the Roman Catholic church, and 
afterwards became sister superior of the 
Ursuline Convent, at Quebec. 

(IV) Jeremiah \\'heehvright, son of Colo- 
nel John (2) and Mary (Snell) Wheelwright, 
was born March 5, 1697-98, at Wells, Maine. 
He was a lieutenant in the expedition sent 
from New England in 1745 to capture Louis- 
burg, and is said to have served under Gen- 
era! Wolfe in Canada. Died at Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, in 1768. He married Mary 
Bosworth, daughter of Bellamy and Mary 
Bosworth, of Bristol, Massachusetts, later 
in Rhode Island, and had issue. 

(V) Jeremiah (2) Wheelwright, only son 
of Jeremiah (i) and Mary (Bosworth) 
Wheelwright, was born June 13, 1732, at 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire. He was 
schoolmaster at Ipswich, Alassachusetts, for 
a short time, and served as commissary in 
the expedition to Canada under command of 
Colonel Arnold, and died January 28, 1778, 
from the effects of exposure in that cam- 
paign. Married Mary Davis, daughter of 
Abraham Davis, of Gloucester, Massachu- 
setts, to whom he was published August 3, 
1754. in a notice filed with the town clerk. 

(VI) Abraham \Mieelwright, son of Jere- 
miah (2) and Mary (Davis) Wheelwright, 
was born July 16, 1757, at Gloucester, Mas- 
sachusetts. In July, 1775, he sailed on board 



\IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



the brig. "Dolphin," Anthony Knapp, mas- 
ter, from Xewburyport to Barbadoes, and 
thence returned by way of Newfoundland 
to his port of departure. He enlisted in De- 
cember, 1775, for a twelve months' service 
in the Continental army under Captain 
Enoch Putnam, in a regiment commanded 
by Colonel Israel Hutchinson, of Danvers. 
He was stationed at Winter Hill until after 
the evacuation of Boston, in the spring of 
1776, after which his regiment was quar- 
tered in the college buildings, at Cambridge. 
He assisted in the fortification of Dorches- 
ter Heights, and in May, 1776, went with his 
regiment to New York, where he was en- 
gaged several weeks in building the defences 
of Fort Washington. He volunteered as an 
artillery man in the expedition against the 
British on Long Island and served in Cap- 
tain Foster's company under command of 
Colonel Henry Knox, in the battle of Flat- 
bush. Two months later he rejoined his 
regiment at Fort Washington, New York, 
and was in the battles of Harlem Heights 
and White Plains, New York. After the re- 
treat of the northern army across New Jer- 
sey, he was in the expedition under Wash- 
ington that captured the Hessians at Tren- 
ton, New Jersey, December 26, 1776, and 
took part in the later expedition against 
Trenton, January 2, and Princeton, Janu- 
ary 3, 1777; however, his term of enlistment 
having expired on February 5, 1777, he was 
discharged from the service. He returned 
to Massachusetts in company with Captain 
Brown, of Cambridge, and Captain Win- 
throp Sargent, of Gloucester, Massachusetts. 
Soon after his release from military duty 
in 1777, he shipped on board a sloop, Isaac 
Elwell, master, bound for Demerara, and the 
next year made a voyage to Martinique, with 
Captain Moses Hale. In 1779 he was mate 
of an armed schooner carrying six guns, 
which sailed for Guadeloupe, commanded by 
John Holmes, of Ipswich, Massachusetts. 
On the return voyage the vessel was taken 
a prisoner to Cork Haven, Ireland, but 
escaped and returned home by way of Bar- 
badoes and St. Eustatius, after absence of 
eleven months. Later he sailed in the prize 
ship, "Uriah," Isaac G. Rearson, master, 
and was again captured and taken to An- 
tigua, but escaped and returned home in the 
brig, "Ruby," John Babson, master, in 1780. 
Next he shipped on board the brig, "Mar- 
quis de Lafayette," carrying six guns, Seth 



Thomas, master, and made a voyage to 
(iiiadeloupe and back. He then sailed on 
tb:e brig, ."Cormorant." John Perkins, mas- 
ter, but was captured on the homeward voy- 
age and taken to Bermuda. Records of the 
Pension Bureau at \\'ashington state that 
Abraham Wheelwright served about three 
years in all, on board the brig, "Spy," six 
guns. Captain Lane. The vessels previously 
mentioned were all privateers or armed ves- 
sels of other character. After the close of 
the revolution he sailed as master and part 
owner of the brig, '.'Active," for Joseph IMar- 
guand. At a later date, in partnership with 
his brother. Ebenezer ^^'heehv^igllt, he es- 
tablished a profitable maritime business 
with the West Indies. 

Captain Abraham \\'heelwright, in com- 
pany with eight other merchants, among 
whom were Captains A\'illiam Coombs, 
Moses Brown. William P. Johnson, Nich- 
olas Johnson, William Paris, Ebenezer 
Stocker, all members of the Marine Society, 
sent the following letter to the President of 
the United States, June i, 1798: "Sir: — A 
number of the inhabitants of Newburyport 
have agreed to build and equip a ship of 
three hundred and fifty-five tons burthen, 
to be mounted with twenty-six pound can- 
nons, and to offer her to the government of 
the LTnited States for their use, requiring no 
other compensation than six per cent, on the 
net cost of the ship and equipments, and a 
final reimbursement at the convenience of 
the Government of net cost." This ofifer 
was accepted, the ship was built in seventy- 
five working days. The keel was laid on 
July 9, and she was launched on October 
72, 1798. She was named the "Merrimack," 
and was sent to sea under the command of 
Captain Moses Brown. At the end of five 
years she was sold in Boston ; her name 
was changed to the "Monticello," and she 
was soon afterwards wrecked and lost on 
Cape Cod. 

Captain Abraham \\'heelwright purchased 
land and buildings in Newburyport, Massa- 
chusetts, September 30, 1789, of Samuel 
Noyes and wife Abigail, of Campton, New 
Hampshire: on June 4, 1791, Mary Wheel- 
wright, widow of Jeremiah \\'heelwright. 
sold Abraham and Ebenezer ^^'heelw^ight 
all her real estate in Gloucester devised to 
her bv her father, Abraham Davis, late of 
Gloucester, Massachusetts. On January 3, 
i8ofi, John Greenleaf sold to Abraham 



\1RGIXIA niOGRAPHY 



53 



\\ lieelwright, merchant, for $3,000, about 
<ine hundred and fifty rods of land in New- 
bury])ort. Alassachusetts. On this lot he 
built a three-story brick residence which 
was occupied by himself for some time, but 
was afterward sold and passed out of pos- 
session of the family. Abraham Wheel- 
wright died April 19, 1852, at Xewburyport, 
Massachusetts. 

Captain \\ heehvright married. September 
15. 1780. Rebecca Knigiit, daughter of Jo- 
seph Knight, of Newl)ury. Massachusetts, 
by whom he had eleven children, namely: I. 
Jeremiah, born September 15, 1781, at New- 
buryport, and was lost at sea in October, 
1830. 2. Rebecca, born December 30, 1783, 
died in infanc}'. 3. Rebecca, born Decem- 
ber 30. 1784: married. May 29, 1811, Thomas 
Alarch Clark, of Xewburyport. 4. Abraham, 
born December 10. 1783, died December 15. 
1783. 3. Abraham, Ijorn December 4, 1786, 
drowned at sea. May 21, i8d2, fell from the 
masthead of the ship, "A'cnus." 6. John, 
born Februar}- 14, 1790, died August 24, 
1842 ; was twice married. 7. Joseph, of whom 
more hereafter. 8. Elizabeth Cogswell, born 
August 28, 1793, died in May, 1894: mar- 
ried. October ic), 1813. George Greenleaf, of 
Xewburyport, Massachusetts, 9. Ebenezer, 
born May 17, 1796, died at sea, September 
4. 1825. 10, Mary Ann, born June 26, 1798, 
died December 13, 1831 : married, July 25, 
1825, Benjamin Harrod, of Xewburyport, 
Massachusetts. 11. Sarah Plummer, born 
August 27. 1800. died April 26, 1884: mar- 
ried. May 10, 1827, William li. Titcomb. 

(VII) Joseph Wheelwright, son of Abra- 
ham and Rebecca (Knight) Wheelwright. 
was born December 29, 1791, at Xewbur)-- 
port, Massachusetts, died August 24. 1833, 
in Virginia. He married. November zt,, 
1813, at Winchester, Kentucky. Lavisa 
Dodge, and among their children was ^^'il- 
liam Henry, of whom more hereafter. 

(VIII) William Henry Wheelwright, son 
of Joseph and Lavisa (Dodge) Wheelwright, 
was born July 23, 1824, in W' estmoreland 
county, Virginia. He was a minister of the 
gospel, noted for his courage, energy, sin- 
cerity and frankness. He acquired landed 
property in \Varren county. Virginia, and 
when the civil war came on he entered the 
Confederate army, in which he attained the 
rank of major. His property was all 
destroyed and at the close of the war he 
earned a living for his family by teaching 



and ])reaching. lie married Margaret Ker- 
foot, daughter of John B. and Elizabeth 
(Taylor) Kerfoot, in Virginia. She was de- 
scended from John Samuel Kerfoot, who 
came from Ireland in 1734, and settled in 
Frederick county, Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. 
Wheelwright were the parents of three sons 
and six daughters, the only son living being 
Thomas S., of whom more hereafter. Mr. 
\\ heehvright died in Warren county, \'ir- 
glnia, December 17, 1879. 

(IX) Thomas Stewart \Mieelwright, son 
of William Henry and Margaret (Kerfoot) 
Wheelwright, was born February 19, 1866. 
He began life as a farmer boy on his father's 
plantation, then attended the local public 
school taught by his elder sister Julia, and 
filled in his e\'enings by study and reading at 
home. Later he attended the Randolph- 
Alacon College at .Ashland. Virginia, for 
three years, earning the money to pa}' for 
his own tuition. He secured a position as 
stenographer with a commercial house in 
Xortolk, Virginia, in 1883, and later came 
to Richmond as stenographer with the bank- 
ing firm of C. W'. IJranch & Com]5any. About 
the year 1890 he became identified with sev- 
eral manufacturing enterprises, and has de- 
voted several years to the development of 
industrial corporations, and was president 
of the Gray Electric Company, of Chicago, 
Illinois, and is now vice-president and gen- 
eral manager of the Old Dominion Iron and 
Xail Works, at Richmond, Virginia ; presi- 
dent of the \'irginia Railway and Power 
Company, of Richmond and Norfolk, and 
director in the First National Bank and 
Richmond Trust and Savings Company. 

In politics Mr. Wheelwright is an Inde- 
pendent Democrat; he supported William 
McKinley on the sound money issues of 
1896 and 1900, also Theodore Roosevelt for 
president on the later issues, but endorsed 
^\"oodrow Wilson's candidacy of reforms in 
the election of 1912. He attends the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, and is a member of 
the Royal Arcanum, the Virginia Country 
Club. \A'estmoreland Club, Commonwealth 
Club. Business Men's Club, of Richmond, 
\'irginia, and the Kappa Alpha college fra- 
ternity. 

Mr. \V'heelwright married (first) in Chi- 
cago, in 1893, Susan Carter, and they were 
the parents of one daughter. Esther, born 
September i. 1895, at Highland Park, Illi- 
nois. He married (second) November 13, 



54 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



1905. at .Memphis, Tennessee, Laura Mar- 
tin, born in Memphis, in 1871, daughter of 
Captain Hugh B. and Ruth (Talbot) Mar- 
tin, and a descendant of John H. Talbot, a 
scion of an old English family. Children : 
I Thomas Stewart Jr., born at Buckhead 
Springs, Virginia, October 8, 191 1. 2. Laura 
Martin, born November 26, 1913. 

James William Henson, M. D. Owing to 
the destruction by fire of the records of Han- 
over count}-, which related to the events 
prior to the formation of Louisa county 
from a part of Hanover in 1742, no state- 
ment can be made from these records con- 
cerning the Hensons of Louisa. It is of 
record, however, in the land office in the 
\'irginia state capitol that one Benjamin 
Henson jDatented land in 1729 in Hanover 
county. That this was in the part of Han- 
over that later became Louisa is established 
by other records and facts. There is a rec- 
ord in Louisa county that Benjamin Hen- 
son sold and deeded to Thomas Henry a 
part of his land. There was a Henry estate 
in Louisa. It is known to the old settlers in 
this section of Louisa that part of the estate 
owned by Samuel Henson (and still in pos- 
session of some of his descendants) ad- 
joined the Henry lands. The inference is 
that Samuel Henson was a relative of Ben- 
jamin Henson. probably a son. as their rela- 
tive ages would suggest and that he in- 
herited the part of the land patent not sold. 

(I) Samuel Henson was born in 1737, died 
in 1833 at the great age of ninety-six years. 
He married the widow of Ensign Forest 
Green, who held a patent of land adjoining 
the Henson land. By this marriage he came 
into possession of a part of the Green patent, 
the former owner having sold some of the 
original grant. Samuel Henson had six chil- 
dren : llenjamin (2), Clifton, Bartlett, Lucy, 
Sallie, Mary. He was in the revolutionary 
army, being commissioned second lieuten- 
ant by recommendation of the county court, 
April 14, 1778. He was a successful farmer 
and owned many slaves, the latter going to 
his children at his death. In the division of 
land after his death the Green tract fell to 
Benjamin (2). The latter dying unmarried 
this land was sold for a division among his 
brothers and sisters and was purchased by 
his nephew, Benjamin (3). a son of Clifton 
J 1 en son. 

(H) Clitton Henson, second son of Sam- 



uel Henson, married Elizabeth Doni\ant 
and lived on a portion of the original Hen- 
son tract. After his death his lands were 
sold for a division among his children. He 
was a prosperous farmer, owned a number 
ot slaves, lived in comfort all his life and 
died at a good old age after rearing a large 
family : Samuel, Benjamin, Bartlett, James, 
David. Elizabeth, Lucy. 

(HI) Benjamin Henson, second son of 
Clifton Henson, was born near Poindexter, 
Louisa county, \'irginia, in 1813, died in 
1886, at his home, which was one of his 
additions to the Green tract. He started in 
business a young man with a small farm, 
but added to it as years and prosperity came, 
until at his death he owned three adjoining 
farms. The first farm which he had pur- 
chased was the Green tract, part of the Sam- 
uel Henson lands, and those added were 
parts of the original Green tract, which 
Green sold ofif before his death. He was 
also a lumber manufacturer on a large scale 
and enjoyed the confidence of many of the 
leading business men of the city of Rich- 
mond. \'irginia. He was in the government 
civil service having in charge the cross 
county mail routes between the Virginia 
Central Railroad, the James river and Kana- 
wha canal and the city of Richmond. Later 
he performed this same service for the Con- 
federate government and also rendered great 
assistance by furnishing provisions and 
forage from his farm. For this latter serv- 
ice he was threatened by the United States 
government with confiscation of his estate, 
but the execution of the threat was pre- 
vented by his receiving a pardon from Presi- 
dent Andrew Johnson, a pardon secured 
through the strenuous efforts of two of Mr. 
Menson's influential friends, Hon. B. John- 
son Barbour and Hon. John Minor Botts. 
This pardon is preserved in the family as a 
valuable memento of the war. He was too 
old for military service, but the service he 
rendered as stated was perhaps more valu- 
able than the service of a company of sol- 
diers. He was a Whig in politics prior to 
the war, and afterwards a Democrat. In 
religious faith he was a Baptist. He mar- 
ried (first) about 1838, Mary Puryear Wade, 
who was the mother of most of his children. 
He married (second) in 1859. Lucy liasket, 
whose only child, Wilhelmena, died young. 
Children bv first marriage: William Henry, 
of whom further ; Willianna, died in infancy ; 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



55 



James, killed in Earley's Valley campaign 
during the civil war ; Samuel Puryear ; Mar- 
tha Elizabeth : I'.enjamin Alben ; Mary 
Louisa. 

(IV) William Henry Henson, eldest son 
of Benjamin and Mary Puryear (Wade) 
Henson, was born at the Plenson homestead 
near Poindexter, Louisa county, Virginia, 
August 15, 1840. A part of this farm he now 
owns. Most of his life was spent in farm- 
ing and teaching, for which latter vocation 
he was well prepared, having been educated 
in private schools and the University of 
\'irginia. For a few years, however, he was 
engaged in railroad construction. The even 
tenor of his early life was disturbed by the 
war between the states. He enlisted in the 
Confederate army in 1863, serving in the 
Fourteenth \'irginia Cavalry until that regi- 
ment and the Fifth \"irginia Cavalry had be- 
come so depleted that they were merged on 
November 8, 1864. He then served until 
the surrender in the Fifth Regiment, Lomax 
brigade, Fitz Lee's division. He was a 
Democrat in politics, and a member of the 
Baptist church. He married Marie An- 
toinette Hoge, born June 28, 1837, near 
Staunton, Augusta county, \ irginia, at the 
home of her father. Rev. Peter Charles 
Hoge (see forward). Child, James W'illiam, 
of whom further. 

(V) Dr. James William Henson, only 
child of William Henry and Marie Anto- 
inette (Hoge) Henson, was born in Scotts- 
ville, Albemarle county, Virginia, October 
3, 1863, at the home of his grandfather, Rev. 
Peter Charles Hoge. He was reared to 
youthful manhood at the home of his par- 
ents, near Poindexter. Louisa county. He 
was educated at public and private schools 
near home until he was thirteen years of 
age, then attended Green Spring Academy, 
Dr. C. R. Dickinson and son teachers, then 
attended Hawkwood Academy, both in 
Louisa county. He then entered Hoover's 
Select High School, a military school at 
Staunton, Virginia. He next attended Rich- 
mond College (Baptist) for one and a half 
years. He then spent two years entirely 
free from college work, but clerked in a 
store at Louisa Court House and taught in 
the public schools there. He then returned 
to Richmond, entered the Medical College 
of Virginia, whence he graduated Doctor of 
Medicine, class of 1889. After graduating 
he served as interne for a short time at the 



City Hospital, but resigned before his term 
expired and began the practice of medicine 
in Richmond. In this work he has con- 
tinued, though for several years he has been 
wedded to surgery. During the period of 
his practice he has been intimately con- 
nected with both medical colleges of Rich- 
mond. He was elected adjunct professor 
in the Medical College of Virginia, seven or 
eight months after graduation, filling that 
position for several years. After the estab- 
lishment of the LIniversity College of Medi- 
cine, he was elected assistant demonstrator 
of anatomy, a position he filled for a year 
or two. then was chosen professor of anat- 
omy. This chair he filled for several years, 
then for one year was professor of anatomy 
and genito-urinary diseases. He was then 
elected to the chair of surgical anatomy, 
which he filled until the burning of the col- 
lege in 1910. .\fter the reorganization of 
the institution he was elected to the chair 
of principles of surgery and when the Uni- 
versity College of Medicine was consoli- 
dated with the Medical College of Virginia, 
he was elected associate professor of sur- 
gery, which chair he now fills. He is also 
local assistant surgeon of the Southern 
Railroad for Richmond, Virginia. He is a 
Democrat in politics, but beyond serving as 
surgeon on the staff of the City Hospital 
since 1908 has had no public office. For 
about twelve years he was surgeon of the 
First liattalion of Artillery, Virginia Volun- 
teers, holding the rank of major, but re- 
signed a few years ago. He is an honorary 
member of the Phi Chi fraternity, member 
of Richmond Academy of Medicine and Sur- 
gery, Tri-State Medical Association of the 
Carolinas and Virginia ; Medical Society of 
\'irginia. Association of Surgeons of the 
Southern Railway, American Medical Asso- 
ciation and Association of Military Sur- 
geons of the United States. In religious 
f;iith he is a Baptist, the church of his fore- 
fathers. 

Dr. Henson married, at Monument 
Church, Richmond, Virginia, July 7, 1898, 
Nellie Alexander Parker, born in Richmond, 
June 24. 1869, daughter of William Watts 
and Ellen Jane (Jordan) Parker, and grand- 
daughter of Colonel Staft'ord M. and Sarah 
(Pearson) Parker. Colonel Staft'ord M. 
Parker was a distinguished lawyer, for some 
time register of the land office, prominent in 
politics and speaker of the ^^irginia house of 



56 



MRCxIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



delegates. In 1862 Dr. Parker married 
Ellen Jane, daughter of C. D. Jordan. He 
rendered distinguished service in the Con- 
federate army as captain of Parker's bat- 
tery, recruited among the young men of 
Richmond and often referred to as "Park- 
er's I)Oy Battery." Captain Parker rendered 
service from the beginning of the war as an 
officer of the Fifteenth Virginia Infantry and 
saw service at Bethel and in the Yorktovvn 
campaign, prior to service with his battery. 
Early in 1862 Parker's battery was recruited 
and attached to Kemper's battalion. The 
battery served during the entire war and 
Captain Parker was everywhere conspicu- 
ous for his gallantry which was at times 
almost reckless, yet he escaped unharmed. 
He refused promotion, saying he would 
rather be commander of his battery than 
"general in the army, although in the spring 
of 1865 he did accept the rank of major, 
but in the same battalion of artillery in 
which he had served so long. (General E. 
P. Alexander, chief of artillery of Long- 
street's corps, once said of Captain Parker : 
"If 1 want a Christian to pray for a dying 
soldier I always call on Parker ; if I want a 
skillful surgeon to amputate the limb of a 
wounded soldier, ] call on Parker; if I want 
a soldier who with unflinching courage will 
go wherever duty calls him, I call on 
Parker." "It was from the Peach Orchard 
in front of Little Round Top that the first 
gun of the great battle of Gettysburg was 
fired by Parker's Boy Battery, and from this 
same battery in the dim twilight of the 
awful day, the last gun was fired." The 
battery held their position in the Peach 
Orchard without infantry support until 
night. General Longstreet said: "If those 
guns had been earlier withdrawn the enemy 
would have attacked." After the war Dr. 
Parker devoted his entire time to the prac- 
tice of medicine and in works of charity. He 
was president of the board of directors of 
the Richmond Male Orphan Asylum, of the 
Magdalen Home, the Foundling Hospital, 
the Home for Old Ladies, and connected 
officially with others. He was open-handed, 
delighted in relieving suffering, even to the 
[joint of embarrassing himself. He died Au- 
gust 4, 1899. Children of Dr. James Wil- 
liam and Nellie Alexander (Parker) Hen- 
son are: Nellie Parker, born April 2, 1899: 
Clifton \\'illiam, born November 26, 1902. 



(Hoge and Kerr Lines). 

Marie Antoinette (Hoge) Henson, mother 
of Dr. James W. Henson, was a daughter 
of Rev. Peter Charles Hoge, son of James 
Hog, who was the son of Captain Peter 
Hog (as the name of the emigrant ancestor 
was spelled). The latter was born in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland, in 1703. He was a de- 
scendant of Roger Hog, of the time of David 
IL. King of Scotland ( 1331 ), and the son of 
James Hog, of Edinburgh. Captain Peter 
Hog (so spelled in his will) came to Amer- 
ica with his brothers, James and Thomas, 
about 1745, and located in Augusta county, 
\'irginia, where he married Elizabeth Tay- 
lor. He was commissioned captain, March 
9. 1754: delegated July 2, 1755, agreeable to 
instructions* from Governor Dinwiddle, by a 
council of war, held at Fort Cumberland, to 
construct a line of frontier forts, which had 
been ordered by the assembly. He served 
also with Colonel .Andrew Lewis in the 
.Sandy Creek expeditions against the Indians 
the same year. He was licensed to practice 
law. May 10. 1759: was appointed by Lord 
Dunmore, April 10, 1772, deputy attorney- 
general for the county of Dunmore. He ap- 
pears by a letter from Washington (whom 
he accompanied in all his campaigns, and 
was at Braddock's defeat), dated March 2. 
1774. to have enjoyed in a high degree the 
confidence and regard of his old commander. 
He received personally twenty-one hundred 
acres of land under the proclamation of Gov- 
ernor Dinwiddle, 1754. owned eight thou- 
sand acres on the Ohio river, near Point 
Pleasant, and a large tract in Mason county, 
Kentucky. He died April 20, 1782, devising 
to his eldest son James the family estate in 
.Augusta county, and to the other children, 
Peter, Thomas. Anne and Elizabeth, lands 
on the Ohio river, upon which they settled. 

James Hog, son of Captain Peter Hog, 
married a Miss Gregory: was a farmer and 
lawyer of Staunton, \'irginia, leaving a large 
landed estate to his son, Rev. Peter Charles, 
who changed the form of the name to Hoge. 
The latter married Sarah Kerr at Summer- 
tlean, Augusta county. Virginia, and soon 
after his marriage moved to Scottsville, 
.Albemarle county, X'irginia. and became a 
distinguished minister of the Baptist church. 
Rev. IVter Charles and Sarah (Kerr) Hoge 
were the parents of thirteen children, twelve 
of whom lived to mature vears. eight sons 



\1R(;I\IA BIOGRAPHY 



57 



and four daughters. All their sons became 
business men of prominence. Marie Anto- 
inette, one of their daughters, married Wil- 
liam Henry Henson (see Henson IV). 

Sarah (Kerr) Hoge was the daughter of 
William and Mary Anne (Grove) Kerr, and 
granddaughter of Robert Kerr, of Summer- 
dean, Augusta county, Virginia, who emi- 
grated from Scotland to America in 1763. 
The latter settled first near Philadelphia. 
Pennsylvania, owning flour mills on the 
Schuylkill, remained there until after the 
revolution, then settled in .\ugusta county, 
Virginia, on Middle river, where he founded 
the estate and homestead, yet known as 
Summerdean and still in the possession of 
his descendants. He married, in Fifeshire, 
Scotland, Elizabeth Bayley, of Wales, and 
had issue : David, died unmarried ; Daniel, 
married Mary Kirkpatrick ; Margaret, mar- 
ried Rol:)ert Dunlop ; William, married Mary 
Anne Grove; Elizabeth, married Isaac Grey. 
Children of William and Mary .\nne 
(Grove) Kerr: Bayley, died in 1823, at Jef- 
ferson Medical College, Pennsylvania; Eliz- 
abeth, married Moses Wallace ; David, mar- 
ried Jane Dunlop, his first cousin : Mar- 
garet, married Elijah Hogshead ; Sarah, mar- 
ried Rev. Peter Charles Hoge ; Robert 
(irove, married Cassandia McCutcheon ; 
Samuel X., married (first) Elizabeth Clark, 
(second) Mary Drewry Rhodes, (third) 
Nannie Williamson ; Mary Jane, married 
Dr. William N. Anderson. 

Robert Kerr, the emigrant ancestor, de- 
scended from John Kerr, of the Forest of 
Selkirk, Scotland, who was living in 1357 
and whose ancestors came from France with 
William the Conqueror. 

The Bryan Family. Joseph Bryan, eighth 
child of John Randolph and Elizabeth 
Tucker (Coalter) Bryan, was born at his 
father's plantation, "Eagle Point," in the 
county of Gloucester, Virginia, August 13. 
1845, died at his country seat, "Laburnum,"' 
near Richmond, Virginia. November 20. 
1908. Since his death the press throughout 
the whole country has teemed with appre- 
ciatory articles dealing with his marvelous 
energy, intuitive sagacity, bold initiative, 
and consummate administrative al)ility, as 
a man of affairs. His success was indeed 
brilliant, but it is the other "shining half" 
that shall abide with us, when its more ma- 
terial complement, if not altogether forgot. 



shall, perhaps, be unregarded. Yet even 
here, there must needs be more or less of 
"catalogue," for 'tis a trite aphorism that 
"character," however virile and self-poised, 
always owes much to environment. 

Jonathan Bryan, known as the "pestilen- 
tial Reljel," (grandson of Joseph Bryan, the 
first of the name in the Colonies, who set- 
tled in South Carolina some time during the 
second half of the seventeenth century) was 
born in 1708, left South Carolina (where he 
had several plantations) in 1733, joined 
Oglethorp in Georgia, assisted him in select- 
ing the site of Savannah, took part in his 
"expedition" against the Spaniards in Flor- 
ida in 1736, and finally settled down on a 
plantation (which he called "Brampton") 
on the Savannah river, a few miles above 
the newly-esta1)lished town of the same 
name. He owned several other ])lantations 
in Georgia besides "Brampton." 

For twenty years (1754-1774) he was a 
member of the King's council of that prov- 
ince, but he was "a furious Whig," and, on 
the first mutterings of resistance to the en- 
croachments of the "Royal Prerogative," 
was so outspoken in his denunciations of 
any invasion of the rights of the people, that 
he was summarily expelled from that august 
body (1774). Whereupon, the "Union So- 
ciety in Georgia," composed of equally 
recalcitrant gentry-folk, prayed his formal 
acceptance of a noble silver tankard of gen- 
erous dimensions (still at "Laburnum") on 
which one may see inscribed : "To Jonathan 
liryan. Esquire, who for Publickly Appear- 
ing in Favour of the Rights and Liberties of 
the People was excluded from His Majes- 
ty's Council of this Province, this Piece of 
Plate, as a Mark of their Esteem, is Pre- 
sented by the Union Society in Georgia. 
Ita cuique eveniat de republica meruit." 

Three years later (1777) we find him 
".Acting Vice-President and Commander-in- 
Chief of Georgia and Ordinary of the .Same." 
He took a very active part in the revolution, 
was a member of the "Committee of Public 
Safet}- for Georgia," and, when he was sur- 
prised and seized on one of his plantations 
by a raiding party of British soldiers. Gen- 
eral Prevost in a letter to Lord George Ger- 
main rejoices at the capture of such "a no- 
torious ring-leader of Rebellion." (One sees 
that our Joseph I-5ryan came rightfully 
enough by his "Rebel spirit!"). He, with 
his son, James, was sent northward, by sea. 



58 



\IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



to languish on one of tht- dreadful '"prison- 
hulks" lying off Brooklyn, but in 1780 they 
were exchanged, and Jonathan Bryan at 
once returned to his treasonable activities. 

But while Jonathan Bryan is best known 
to us on his militant side, it should be 
added that he was a man of deep and 
fervid piety, as was also his brother Hugh, 
both of whom fell under the religious influ- 
ence of John Wesley, and later of George 
\Miitefield, and became their intimates. 
Whitefield, as is well known, was a thorn 
in the flesh of the clergj- of the Established 
Church, both in South Carolina and in 
Georgia, reviled the memory of Archbishop 
Tillotson as that of a hike warm "Laodi- 
cean," prayed extempore prayers in churches 
of his own communion, preached in "Dis- 
senting" meeting houses, and generally 
scandalized the gentry as well as the clergy 
of both Provinces, who regarded him as "a 
fluent mountebank." But Hugh Bryan be- 
came his most extravagant disciple, and, in 
the matter of censuring the clergy, out- 
heroded Herod. Doyle, indeed, calls him 
"a reckless partisan" of Whitefield, who 
stopped at nothing in his religious zeal. Be- 
cause of a violent letter written by Hugh 
Bryan and corrected by Whitefield for the 
press, both of them (together with the 
printer) were threatened with criminal pro- 
ceedings in South Carolina. Nothing came 
of it, and Hugh Bryan eventually drifting 
into a sort of "Mysticism" wrote a book 
about it, which no one seems to have under- 
stood but himself, if indeed, he did. 

The family grew apace in wealth and in- 
fluence, and Jonathan Bryan's grandson, 
Joseph (grandfather of the Joseph, afore- 
mentioned), being the only child and heir, 
was reckoned one of the richest planters in 
Georgia. 

Joseph Bryan was a man of vigorous 
native parts, which had been sedulously cul- 
tivated bv training in the best schools at 
home and abroad. After completing his 
academic studies at the University of Cam- 
bridge in England, he returned to America, 
and in 1793 studied law in Philadelphia 
under Edmund Randolph, at that time 
Washington's attorney-general. Here, he 
had for his fellow-student (there were but 
these two), and room-mate, John Randolph, 
of Roanoke, between whom and himself 
there sprang up a friendship that was 
romantic in its intensity. Mr. Randolph has 



left us a picture of him as vivid as any that 
was ever drawn by the hand of that eccen- 
tric genius — of his fine bearing and notable 
beauty of person, adding (and this should 
arrest the interest of students of heredity), 
"he was brave even to rashness and his gen- 
erosity bordered on profusion." He fur- 
ther descants on the brilliancy of his intel- 
lectual gifts and on his sobriety of judg- 
ment, and declares, "He has rendered me 
such service as one man can seldom ren- 
der another." He does not enlighten us 
as to what that service was. Apropos, Mon- 
cure D. Conway, speaking of John Ran- 
dolph, in his Omitted Chapters of History, 
Disclosed in the Life and Letters of Ed- 
mund Randolph (p. 137), says: "The At- 
torney-General's other student, John Bryan"' 
(a slip for "Joseph") "got John Randolph 
out of a scrape so serious that neither would 
reveal it." This Joseph Bryan, after finish- 
ing his law course under Edmund Randolph, 
went again to Europe (this time for travel, 
not for study), "made the grand tour," and 
on his return to Georgia in 1802, was almost 
at once elected to Congress, in which he 
served for three sessions, but resigned on 
his marriage in 1805, and retired to one of 
his estates (known as "Nonchalence") on 
Wilmington Island, having decided that he 
would find his truest happiness in the do- 
mestic circle, and among his beloved books. 

He died at the early age of thirty-nine, 
leaving a beautiful widow (who in time mar- 
ried Colonel Scriven, of Georgia), and five 
small children, the oldest of whom was Jona- 
than Randolph Bryan (Jonathan, after his 
great-grandfather, and Randolph after the 
father's bosom friend of Roanoke). The lad 
was always from the first called "Randolph" 
and, in time, the "Jonathan" was changed 
to "John." 

.^ year after his father's death (1812) 
Jonathan Randolph Bryan was sent by his 
mother to school in Savannah. There he 
Ijoarded in the family of a Aladame Cotti- 
neau, who with her children had fled to 
America from the horrors of the negro in- 
surrection in San Domingo. Madame Cot- 
tineau's "spiritual director" was a certain 
accomplished Erench ecclesiastic, the Abbe 
Carle, who had accompanied the family in 
their flight, and under his care little Ran- 
dolph learned to speak French with elegance 
and precision, besides being taught the rudi- 
ments of Latin. .\t ten years of age (1816), 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



59 



Randolph, with a younger brother. Thomas. 
came to Virginia at the earnest soHcitation 
of the master of "Roanoke." who wanted his 
namesake near him and who urged the bet- 
ter facilities for education in this state. 

Here he remained at school for four years. 
he and his brother spending all their win- 
ter holidays and summer vacations at 
"Roanoke," and from that time Mr. Ran- 
dolph always regarded and treated him as 
a son. At the expiration of this time, he 
returned to (jeorgia to be with his mother. 
and, after spending two years at school 
there, came north in the summer of 1822. 
where for a short time he attended a fitting- 
school at Repton, Connecticut, and in Octo- 
ber of that year, entered Yale College at the 
age of sixteen. He remained at Yale but a 
single year, for having applied for a warrant 
as midshipman in the navy, of the United 
States, his application was promptly grant- 
ed, chiefly through the active interest of his 
father's old friend and neighbor, Colonel 
Edward Tatnall. of Georgia, brother of 
Commodore Josiah Tatnall, of "Peiho" fame, 
afterward a distinguished officer of the Con- 
federate navy. 

He remained in the naxy little over seven 
years, seeing much active sea-service, but in 
January, 1830, he married John Randolph's 
"darling niece" (as Randolph calls her in 
his letters), "Betty Coalter," at her father's 
home, the historic "Chatham." opposite 
Fredericksburg, and almost immediately 
afterward resigned his commission, the 
young couple taking up their residence at 
"Eagle Point." There were ten children 
born of this union. Mrs. John Randolph 
Bryan died at "Eagle Point" in 1856. Her 
husband survived until 1887. They sleep 
side by side in the beautiful old family bury- 
ing ground almost within a stone's throw 
of the home of their married life. There is 
no need of any note touching "Betty Coal- 
ter's" family. The history of her family is. 
in great measure, the history of the Colony 
and of the Commonwealth. 

I am indebted for the larger portion of 
data relating to Jonathan Bryan and his de- 
scendants to the courtesy of the Rev. C. 
Braxton Bryan, D. D.. of Petersburg. Vir- 
ginia, a younger brother of the subject of 
this slight memoir. Dr. liryan is a keen 
antiquarian, and by patient industry has 
collected a great mass of most interesting 
and valuable papers and records touching 



his family. As he has "the pen of a ready 
writer." it is greatly to be hoped that he 
may be induced to publish in this, or some 
other historical work, or even in more am- 
bitious guise, the results of his researches 
concerning the Bryans of Georgia and Vir- 
ginia and their times. — W. G. McCabe. 

"Betty'' (Coalter) Bryan, allied by blood 
to what were known in colonial days as 
"the grandees" of Tidewater Virginia, was 
a beautiful woman or rare culture, wrapped 
up in husband and children, known and 
loved through all the countryside for her 
gentleness, her ready sympathy, cheerful 
piety and unobtrusive benefactions. Words- 
worth might, indeed, have had her in his 
mind's eye when he spoke of "Those blessed 
ones who do God's will and know it not." 
Such was the refined, cultured, and whole- 
some home that "Joe" Bryan (for no one 
ever called him Joseph) was blessed with 
in his boyhood, and, in the coming years, 
when tried by both extremes of fortune, re- 
membering the lessons taught there, he 
showed himself equal to each and proved 
himself worthy of the noble stock from 
which he sprang. 

When this lovely Virginia matron lay 
a-dying, she called her little brood about 
her, and taking them one by one in her 
arms, whispered, along with the mother- 
kiss, a few words of loving counsel, well 
within their comprehension, then, smiling, 
quietly fell on sleep. The memory of that 
scene and of her words never faded from 
heart or brain of "little Joe," and in the days 
of stress and storm (happily not many) he 
ever counted them a precious sheet-anchor 
in life. 

On the death of his mother, Joseph Bryan 
entered the "Episcopal High School" (near 
Alexandria, Virginia), then under the head- 
mastership of the Rev. John P. McGuire, 
and remained there until the beginning of 
the war (1856-1861). Though not sixteen 
when the war began, he was eager to enlist 
at once, but he was a delicate lad, and, as 
an ever obedient son, he yielded to his 
father's earnest wishes in the matter, and 
remained with him at "Eagle Point," and, 
later on. at another of his plantations, 
"Carysbrook," in Fluvanna county (whither 
they went on the occupation of the former 
by the enemy), until the autumn of 1862. In 
October of that. year, he entered the Aca- 
demic Department of the University of Vir- 



6o 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



ginia. where he remained until July of 1863. 
He was now keener than ever to be "at the 
front" (as the phrase was then, instead of 
the modern "on the firing line"), when, by 
an untoward accident, he broke his bridle- 
arm badly, and was again condemned to 
inaction, while his brothers were winning 
"glory" in the field. He felt that he must 
do something, so he took service for a few 
months in the "Xitre and Mining Bureau." 
donned his gray uniform and was assigned 
to duty in Pulaski cotmty. Southwest \'ir- 
ginia. 

In May, 1864, he got leave of absence, 
immediately volunteered with the "Second 
Company. Richmond Howitzers," and took 
part in the sanguinary engagement of May 
i8th at Spottsylvania Court House. On the 
expiration of his leave, he had. of course, to 
report for duty to his chief in Pulaski, but 
his arm was now sound again, and after a 
few months' time he joyfully took service 
as a simple trooper in Captain Mountjoy's 
company of Mosby's command. He had not 
been in the command a month, when he was 
shot twice and sent back to "Carysbrook." 
But his wounds soon healed, and back he 
went to Mosby. and from that time to the 
very end was to be found riding hard by 
the bridle-rein of that brilliant partisan of- 
ficer in all his daring raids and desperate 
hand-to-hand encounters. No more devoted 
soldier of "the Lost Cause" ever wore his 
country's gray. He believed in the right- 
eousness of that cause with all the passion 
of his mighty heart, steadfastly counting it 
worthy all the splendid sacrifices made for 
it by his people, for in it. and through it. 
as he clearly discerned, had been developed 
to heroic pitch by fire of battle the noblest 
virtues that (lod has allowed to mortal man. 

Unless forbidden by the imperious de- 
mands of great interests (in which were in- 
\'olved, apart from his own, the interests of 
others), he never in all the j^ears missed a 
"Re-union" of Lee's veterans. To any one 
of these veterans in want, his purse was 
always open, and the writer of these lines 
happens to know that when, at last, fortune 
was lavish of her favors, he gave a trusted 
comrade, with characteristic prodigality, 
carte blanche to relieve the necessities of 
every indigent Confederate soldier, or widow 
of such soldier in his county, instructing him 
to "draw at sight" for whatever amount he' 
deemed proper. This comrade expended 



liberally thousands of dollars in this noble 
benefaction, which, it is safe to affirm, is 
here made known for the first time to even 
the intimate friends of Mr. Bryan. He made 
but one stipulation — that neither they nor 
anyone else was to know from whom the 
money came. It would take pages, indeed, 
to set down like good deeds which he did by 
stealth, and of which there is no record 
save in hearts grateful to the unknown 
donor. 

Yet strong and unwavering as was his 
conviction of the absolute righteousness of 
our contention, with that sanity of vision 
and lireadth of tolerance, which character- 
ised him in things, great and small, he loy- 
ally accepted the results of the unequal con- 
test, and. with broad patriotism, urged by 
])en and tongue a thorough reconciliation 
between the sections. It was mainly be- 
cause of his belief that the various "patriotic 
societies" throughout the country were no 
mean agents in fostering this spirit of recon- 
ciliation, that he joined "The Society of 
Colonial Wars" (of which he was made 
jiresident), "The Society of the Sons of the 
.American Revolution," and became a mem- 
ber of "The Society of the Cincinnati." He 
also took an active interest in the affairs of 
the "Phi Beta Kappa." 

The disastrous end of the war found his 
father broken in fortune, as was well nigh 
every man of former affluence in the state. 
"Carysbrook " might be held with rigid 
economy, but "Eagle Point" had to go. To 
anticipate a little — that was, indeed, a day 
i)f (what the Romans would term) "pious 
happiness" when "Joe" Bryan, having sur- 
mounted earlier difficulties, was enabled to 
buy back his boyhood's home, remodeling 
and refitting its interior with such faultless 
taste and luxury, as must have compelled 
a nod of approval (could they know) from 
departed "grandees," who "rarely hated 
ease," and had been wont to live "in a man- 
ner becoming a gentleman of fortune." Just 
before the end came, a band of Mosby's 
men had captured a federal paymaster, ple- 
thoric with "greenbacks." and Joe's share 
was a goodly "wad " of the same. Rut when 
those bold horsemen disbanded, April 21st 
( twelve days after the final scene at Appo- 
mattox Court House), the big-hearted 
young \'irginian gave every dollar he had 
in the world to an impecunious comrade 
eager to get back to his home in Kentucky. 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



6i 



Thus penniless, yet undismayed by the 
res angusta doiiii, young Bryant, bent on 
completing his interrupted education, cast 
about for the means to secure that cherished 
iibject. Scarce six weeks after Lee's sur- 
render, his chance came, and, as always, he 
was swift to seize it. It was well known 
to his companions that he was not only a 
superb rider (as all Virginia boys were in 
those days), but a fine judge of horse-flesh, 
not excluding "the humble, but useful, 
mule." Captain William Glassell (who had 
l^roved himself a daring officer in the con- 
federate naval operations in Charleston 
harbor) now approached him with a scheme 
for jnirchasing "government mules," that 
were being sold for a song by the thousand 
in Washington, on the disbandment of the 
vast union armies. "Joe" instantly saw the 
great possibilities of the proposal and 
jumped at it. The government no longer 
\^'anted the mules, and there was nothing 
that the Virginia and Carolina farmer 
needed more. Glassell was to furnish the 
money (obtained from a brother in Califor- 
nia), and "Joe," the experience. The scheme 
proved a brilliant stroke of business from 
the start. They went back again and again 
for "more mules." They grew rich and in- 
cautious. Some envious rival whispered the 
government officials that the shrewd mule- 
buyer was "one of Mosby's men," and they 
were ordered to leave town at once. That 
night they slipped away, but the mules 
(branded "U. S.") went along too. They 
had "turned the trick" — the profits were 
divided — and that autumn young Bryan en- 
tered again the academic department of the 
University of Virginia. Little did the strug- 
gling young undergraduate of twenty dream 
then that in the coming years he was to be- 
come a member of the governing body, and 
a munificent benefactor, of that great 
foundation of learning. 

For two years he pursued his academic 
studies, attending the "schools" of Latin, 
Greek, -Mathematics, Modern Languages, 
History and Literature, Physics, Chemistry, 
and Moral Philosophy. The catalogues of 
those years do not state the "schools" in 
which he graduated. In 1907, Mr. Bryan 
received the degree of LL. D. from Wash- 
ington and Lee University. In October, 
1867, he entered the law school. At the end 
of the session, his money was exhausted, 
and he was unable to return another year 



for his degree. But he had compassed more 
than he had hoped for — the foundation had 
been laid deep and strong, and, like Shake- 
speare's "puissant prince," he was "in the 
very May-morn of his youth, ripe for mighty 
enterprises." During the summer (1868) he 
went before the judges of the Virginia court 
of appeals, passed satisfactorily the "bar 
examination," and at once began the prac- 
tice of law at Palmyra, in Fluvanna county, 
within easy riding distance of "Carysbrook," 
where his father was still living. Here he 
remained but two years, moving in 1870 to 
Richmond, which seemed to oiYer a more 
promising field for substantial success in his 
profession. Allied by blood to many of the 
most prominent families of the capital, a 
young man of fine presence and engaging 
manners, with the surest passport to his 
people's heart of honorable wounds, he 
speedily became one of the most popular 
men in the community, and his foot was 
now firmly set on "the first round of the lad- 
der." It has been deemed not impertinent to 
set down here these personal details of his 
"years of preparation," because, outside his 
family and the circle of his intimates, few 
people know little, if anything, about them. 

In 1871, he married Isobel L. Stewart, 
daughter of John Stewart, of "Brook Hill," 
and within a few years, so many large finan- 
cial interests were confided to his manage- 
ment, that gradually he relinquished the 
active practice of his profession and entered 
upon his memorable career as a man of 
affairs. 

The story of his phenomenal success in 
that career, whifh death cut short in the 
fulness of beneficent fruition — his intuitive 
sagacity, quick, decisive action, when once 
his mind was made up — his indomitable 
pluck and imperturbable "nerve," when 
financial storm burst over the country — his 
prodigious industry and intelligent alertness 
— his inflexible integrity — his absolute ob- 
servance of "the golden rule" — his large- 
hearted generosity — his happy secret of win- 
ning the confidence and affection of his men, 
who were proud to take his wage, and of im- 
buing them to a unique degree with his own 
enthusiasm for the prosperous issue of the 
work in hand — his munificent unselfishness 
in furthering every scheme for the moral and 
material advancement not only of his city 
and his county, but of the whole common- 
wealth — all this has been told b}' his civic 



62 



\IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



and industrial colleagues, who, following his 
initiative, worked in unison with him, and 
who. beyond all others, are able to speak 
with authority. It is, in truth, no exagger- 
ation to say that, in his immediate indus- 
trial domain, he ha;)pily solved the vexed 
problem of "capital and labor." Though an 
aristocrat by instinct and heredity, the 
humblest artisan never felt him condescend, 
for, with high and low alike, he was always 
his natural self, and amid all sorts and con- 
ditions of men, "bore himself at manhood's 
simple level." 

During the last ten years or more of his 
life, the mental and physical strain on him 
was enormous, but the spirit of the man was 
high and invincible to the end. He not onl\- 
had on his hands the exclusive management 
for vears of a great manufacturing plant, in 
which he and those near to him had a tre- 
menduous stake and on the successful main- 
tenance of which depended the support of 
thousands of bread-winners and their fami- 
lies, but, in addition, he shared the direction 
and control of so many large corporations, 
industrial and otherwise, from New York to 
Alabama, that only the names of the more 
important may be enumerated here. 

Yet (and this is the paramount object- 
lesson of his noble life), he was never too 
busy to be accessible to the humblest of 
those who served him, white or black, never 
so absorbed, no matter what the stress of 
urgent engagements, as to turn a deaf ear to 
the cry of distress. The busy brain never 
held the mastery over the generous heart. 
The active hand was always the open hand. 
Above all, he knew how to give, a thing that 
many of the most philanthropic never learn. 
It was because his was what Dante finely 
calls "the intellect of love." Those who 
came to him for help were given, in addition 
to the assistance sought, such words of un- 
affected sympathy, such kindly encourage- 
ment, that, not seldom, they carried away 
something still more precious than the gift 
itself — the largess of a rekindled self-respect, 
a dawning hope, that "changes winter into 
spring." No doubt, he often gave foolishly, 
as the world counts it. On that score re- 
monstrance was hopeless. He used to laugh 
his cheery laugh and say, "Oh, well I'll 
acknowledge it's selfish, for, after all, I get 
so much more pleasure out of it than they 
possibly can." Even in cases where there 
could be no question of pecuniary aid, his 



ready sympathy, his delicate perceptions, 
his high ideals of conduct, made him one of 
the wisest and most helpful of counsellors 
in nice and difficult situations. Insensibly 
there arise before the inner eye that shining 
\^ision that came to Abou Ben Adhem, 
when, awaking from "his dream of peace," 
he sees an Angel in the flooding moonlight 
"writing in a book of gold," and asks : 

"What writest thou?" The Vision raised its head; 
.And, with a look made of all sweet accord, 
Answer'd — "The names of those who love the Lord." 
"And is mine one?" said Abou. "Nay, not so!" 
Replied the Angel. Abou spoke more low. 
But cheerily still, and said — "I pray thee then. 
Write me as One that loves his fellow men!" 
The Angel wrote and vanish'd. The next night 
It came again, with a great wakening light. 
And show'd the names whom love of God had 

bless'd: 
.■\nd lo! Ben Adhem's name led all the rest. 

\\'hen we consider the long array of or- 
ganizations — religious, philanthropic, pa- 
triotic, social and economic — in which he 
was no mere "figure-head," but an impelling 
force, it seems almost incomprehensible how 
he managed to find time to play the active 
part he did in so many, and such widely 
varying, fields of business endeavor. 

Apart from his mechanical and industrial 
activities (stich as the Schloss Sheffield 
Works, the American Locomotive Com- 
pany, and others of like kind), he was a di- 
rector in the Southern Railway Company, 
director in the New York Equitable Life 
Assurance Association (this, at the express 
solicitation of Grover Cleveland, when 
chairman of the "Committee on Reorganiza- 
tion"), a member of the board of visitors of 
the University of Virginia, a trustee of the 
"University Endowment Fund," president 
of the Virginia Historical Society, member 
of the "Advisory Board" of the Association 
for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, 
a most ac'tive and munificent vestryman in 
two parishes (one in Henrico, and the other 
in Gloucester), a member of the Standing 
Committee of the Diocese of Virginia, a 
delegate, year after year, to the Episcopal 
Council of Virginia, a delegate from i886 to 
the day of his death, to the general conven- 
tion of his church in the United States 
(which convened in Richmond, owing in 
chief measure to his instance), a trustee of 
the "Episcopal High School," a director of 
the "Jamestown Exposition" (the chief man- 
agement of which was twice pressed upon 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



63 



him and declined), and last, though by no 
means least, the controlling power in di- 
recting the policies of a great daily paper, 
of which he was sole owner. 

And it must be remembered that this 
takes no account of his almost numberless 
municipal and county activities, or of his 
"social duties." which last were enormous 
to a man of his genial temperament, and 
wide acquaintance, to whom open-handed 
hospitality was an instinct and an inheri- 
tance, and who was never happier than 
when he could gather about him under his 
own roof-tree kinsmen and comrades and 
friends. His fondness for entertaining 
amounted, indeed, well-nigh to a passion. 
At "Eagle Point'' especially, whither he 
would steal away at times from the inces- 
sant demands of business for a week or ten 
days, his unbounded hospitality recalled to 
more than one of his guests of a past gen- 
eration those palmy ante-bellum days, when 
Virginia squires, descendants of the men, 
who "rode with Spotswood round the land, 
and Raleigh round the seas," still kept 
bright in our "Old Dominion" by song and 
hunt and open board the brave traditions 
of Yorkshire and of Devon. 

Though an ardent "churchman," and, be- 
yond question, the most influential layman 
of his communion in the diocese, he was 
absolutely free from anything savoring of 
ecclesiastical narrowness or sectarian preju- 
dice. No Baptist nor Presbyterian, nor 
Methodist, no Jew nor Gentile (be his creed 
what it might), no Salvation Army "cap- 
tain" nor negro evangelist, ever came to him 
in vain, seeking aid to further the cause of 
the Master. Not only did he eagerly open 
his purse to them, but, in some unaccount- 
able fashion, he found the time to listen 
patiently to their plans, to discuss the.se 
plans minutely, and to give them freely of 
the rich stores of his experience as a man 
of alifairs. When the Union Seminary (Pres- 
byterian) was moving from Hampden-Sid- 
iiey to Richmond, he was one of the most 
liberal subscribers to the fund necessary for 
the undertaking, and his last appearance in 
public (ten days before his death, when he 
was so ill that he could scarcely Itand) was 
to urge upon his fellow-citizens the comple- 
tion of the endowment fund for the "Greater 
Richmond College" (Baptist), to which he 
himself had made an almost princely con- 
tribution. 



Of all the secular organizations which 
claimed his active interest and service, the 
chief in his affections was our Historical 
Society, which was the constant recipient 
of his lavish benefactions and of which he 
was for so many years the efficient presi- 
dent. It was largely through his influence 
that Mrs. Stewart, of "Brook Hill," and her 
ilaughters made to the society the muni- 
ficent donation of a permanent home (the 
old residence of General Robert E. Lee), 
and it is an open secret that, had he lived, 
ht purposed to erect a fire-proof annex to 
the "Society House" as a secure repository 
for our manuscript treasures. 

Scarcely less keen, however, was his in- 
terest in the affairs of our sister society, the 
"Association for the Preservation of Vir- 
ginia Antiquities," to whose members it 
must prove a grateful, if mournful, reflection 
that one of the last of his many benefactions 
was made to them, when he and his wife 
presented to the association a superb bronze 
statue (to be unveiled soon on Jamestown 
Island) of his pet hero, the virtual founder 
of \"irginia — the man of blood and iron. 
"John Smith of Willoughbie juxta Alford 
in the Countie of Lincolne." 

Paramount, indeed, of all earthly sensi- 
bilities (save love of family), was his de- 
votion to his mother-state. It was no ab- 
stract sentiment, but the passionate personal 
loyalty that a Hielander of the eighteenth 
century felt for the chief of his clan, and, 
from boyhood to gracious age, burned with 
a deep and steady glow. He was saturated 
with her history and traditions. In the mo- 
ments of leisure that came to him, he never 
tired of reading or discussing some book 
dealing with her genesis and development, 
and in his noble library at "Laburnum" is to 
be found a priceless collection of "Virgini- 
ana," which, in point of completeness and 
rareness, stands unrivalled of any collection, 
public or private, in America. 

His intimates will long recall how the 
color would steal into his cheek and the fire 
kindle in his luminous eye, as some eloquent 
speaker would recount the pre-eminent part 
that \'irginia played in establishing the new 
nation and in shaping its destinies for years 
after — how breathlessly he hung upon the 
glowing periods portraying the instant read- 
iness of her people — down through all the 
centuries, whether under Nathaniel Bacon 
o] under Robert Lee, to attest by their blood 



64 



\IRGIXIA P.IOGRAPHY 



their devotion to those principles, which 
men of their breed had wrested from John 
at Runnymede. He loved to hear recounted, 
and to recount in turn, stories of the beau- 
tiful and gracious old civilization, which he 
had seen swept away by war and the sub- 
sequent shabby tide of "progress." Though 
unconscious of it, he himself was, in his gen- 
eration, a consummate flower of that civiliza- 
tion, which, in the old Roman phrase, "was 
of its own kind," and to which, despite his 
twentieth-century spirit of enterprise, he 
always turned with wistful eyes. Once, 
when we were travelling togetner in the far 
south and our talk was of the proper am- 
bitions in life, he turned to the writer and 
said with the most perfect simplicity, "of 
earthly things, my highest ambition is to 
live and die as becomes a Virginia gentle- 
man." 

Doubtless, it seemed to those of a younger 
generation that, in his passionate loyalty, 
this man of ardent temperament somewhat 
idealized the picture that he drew of those 
brave old days, but he had seen with his own 
eyes, in his boyhood and young manhood, 
its high-bred simplicity, its generous cour- 
age, its unfailing courtesies to gentle and 
simple alike, its reverence for women, its 
simple faith in things religious, and he be- 
lieved with all the fervor of his soul that it 
was the highest and finest type of civiliza- 
tion in the western world. He held with 
Emerson that "the true test of civilization 
is not the census or the size of the cities, nor 
the crops — no. but the kind of men the coun- 
try turns out." Tried by this test, Virginia 
civilization need fear comparison with none 
other on earth. 

As to slavery, he had seen only the gra- 
cious, kindly side of it, as actually adminis- 
tered in Virginia and not as grotesquely- 
caricatured in "Uncle Tom"s Cabin." Like 
the great majority of gentle folk in Vir- 
ginia, his family has long regarded slavery 
as wrong in principle, if beneficent in prac- 
tice, and as an economic blunder, the remedy 
for which lay in gradual emancipation. In 
his father's and mother's immediate family 
connection, the opinions of John Randolph 
of Roanoke (his father's "foster-father," his 
mother's "dearest uncle"), naturally counted 
for much — of even greater weight were the 
views of his mother's grandfather, the 
learned and accomplished St. George 
Tucker, a judge of the general court, who 



had succeeded George Wythe as professor 
of law at William and Mary College, and 
who afterwards became president of the 
court of appeals and a United States circuit 
judge. He remembered that as early as 
[796, St. George Tucker had published his 
"Dissertation of Slavery with a Proposition 
for its Gradual Abolition in Virginia" — that 
John Randolph in his will had manumitted 
all his slaves, stating in his last testament 
that he "greatly regretted that he had ever 
been the owner of one" — that Randolph's 
brother Richard (the language of whose will 
is even more emphatic as to the evils of the 
system) had done the same, as had Edmund 
Randolph at the time of his resignation as 
Washington's secretary of state. But he 
also remembered, with a sort of rigjiteous 
indignation, and with a virile scorn, the 
mawkish maunderings of the self-righteous 
Pharisees, who, harping on "the blot of 
slavery," derided Virginia's claim to a high 
civilization. 

He had at his finger's end the whole story 
of how colonial Virginia repeatedly during 
the eighteenth century tried to rid herself 
of the moral and economic burden, but had 
always been stopped by the mother-coun- 
try — how in the convention of 1787. that 
framed the Constitution, Virginia's efforts 
to put a sharp and definite stop to the slave- 
trade, had been defeated by the votes of 
the New England delegates — finally, how 
the carefully matured plans of the leading 
men of the commonwealth put forward in 
1831-32 to bring about gradual emancipa- 
tion, had been wrecked by the insolent and 
aggressive interference of the fanatics, who 
afterwards reviled her as a "slave-holding 
oligarchy." 

His own relations with a large number of 
colored servants employed both at "Labur- 
num" and at his plantation, "Eagle Point," 
were quite those of ante-bellum days, when 
the master was the friend, supporter and 
defender, and the servants (they were never 
called "slaves" by gentle-folk in the old 
days) proudl)- regarded themselves as mem- 
bers of the family. His affectionate personal 
interest in them, when ill or in trouble of 
any sort, was constant — his benefactions in- 
numerable, extending even to their relatives 
not in his employ. In turn, they simply 
worshi]ied "Mars' Joe," as they always 
called him ("freedom" or no "freedom"), 
arid when the end came, eight of these faith- 



\IRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



65 



fill servitors tenderly bore him, shoulder 
high, to his last resting place, in the quiet 
country churchyard, on a spot overlooking 
a typical lowland Virginia landscape — the 
land he loved best. 

His services to his city, to his county, and 
to the state cannot be detailed here. In 
time, the actual record of them will most 
probably be known to few beyond deter- 
mined students or "the curious." But they 
will long endure as a great tradition. He 
was never in public life, as the term is 
commonly understood, nor did he hold any 
jniblic office of importance. Yet he was 
reckoned the first citizen not only of Rich- 
mond, but of the whole commonwealth. No 
such private funeral was ever seen in the 
state, though the simple rites were held in 
a country church several miles from the 
city. 

But, while not holding pulilic office, he 
frequently spoke at great public meetings, 
and his words always carried tremendous 
weight. He was not so much an orator in 
the highest sense of the word, as he was 
a most persuasive and convincing speaker — 
his frankness won good-will and his trans- 
parent honesty carried conviction. His man- 
ner was singularly simple, earnest, virile, 
without a touch of that artificial gravity, 
that so many "weighty orators" and "ripe 
divines" see fit to assume in delivering 
themselves of ponderous platitudes. 

He wrote quite as well as he spoke, and 
when any "burning question" kindled the 
eager interest of the people, the leading ar- 
ticles, easily recognized as from his pen. in 
the great journal he controlled, were accept- 
ed, even by those opposed to him, as the 
candid utterances of a man, who had made 
conscientious investigation, and, who, with 
an eye single to the honor and well-being 
of city, state or country, presented to them 
the truth as apprehended by a clear head 
and an honest heart. He would resolutely 
put aside the most pressing business mat- 
ters to thus give editorial expression to his 
convictions, whenever he deemed that the 
public weal demanded it. for he was no op- 
portunist, but held to Archbishop Whately's 
admirable precept that "it is not enough to 
believe what you maintain, but you must 
maintain what you believe, and maintain it 
because you believe it." Here, as in his 
public speaking, he struck straight from the 
shoulder, but never "below the belt," for, as 

VIR-5 



has just been said, even his political oppo- 
nents, while regarding him, as they did 
every other independent thinker, as a wrong- 
headed doctrinaire, allowed that he was 
scrupulously fair. 

There was, however, one exception, and 
the incident is worth recalling, as it made 
a profound impression at the time. Some 
subordinate on the staff of his paper "The 
Times" (for it was before the days of the 
consolidated "Times-Dispatch"), wrote an 
account of what had taken place at a meet- 
ing of the "City Democratic Committee." A 
member of that committee took umbrage at 
the printed report and immediately demand- 
ed a retraction from the editor. Mr. Bryan 
had not even seen the article, but he at once 
made careful investigation, satisfied himself 
that his subordinate had reported the pro- 
ceedings accurately, and declined to make 
any correction or apology. The aggrieved 
politician, thereupon, demanded "the satis- 
faction usual among gentlemen." Mr. Bryant, 
with a courage that few can realize today, 
promptly declined the challenge in a letter 
that is a model of courtesy, firmness, and 
cogent reasoning, the blended spirit of an 
humble Christian and fearless citizen, sworn 
to maintain the law, breathing through 
every line of it. Duelling, many sober- 
minded people still think, had its undoubted 
uses in an earlier stage of society, but, in the 
evolution of manners, those uses had passed. 
D'aiitrcs temps d'autrcs moeurs, as Voltaire 
pithily says. In Virginia, "the code" may 
be said to have received its mortal wound 
from the tragic Mordecai-McCarthy duel — 
the refusal of a man of Mr. Bryan's unques- 
tioned courage to accept a challenge, gave 
it the coup-de-grace. 

To those who possessed the privilege of 
his intimate personal friendship, it is but 
sober truth to declare that his loss is irre- 
parable. Other civic leaders as public-spir- 
ited as he, will, no doubt, arise again, but to 
his old companions-in-arms. whose faces 
have long since been turned toward the wes- 
tering sun, there can never be another "Joe" 
Bryan. They loved him so dearly, apart 
from admiration, because he made them feel 
that their affection was returned with like 
intensity and with an invincible fidelity. 

In what is called general society, he will 
be missed longer that falls to lot of most 
men in this prosaic age. He was possessed 
of a singularly handsome person fthe out- 



66 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



ward and visible sign of the inward refine- 
ment and nobility of his character), a happy 
knack of saying those charming "nothings," 
that yet count for so much, an infectious 
gayety of spirit, a certain boyish ingenuous- 
ness and eagerness at times, and with never 
the faintest touch of supercilious condescen- 
sion. 

It was said of the late Lord Houghton 
that he never came into a room without mak- 
ing every man and woman in it have a kind- 
lier feeling for each other. That is a beau- 
tiful thing to be said of an}' one, and it was 
absolutely true in the case of "Joe" Bryan. 
He seemed to diffuse, as it were, a sort of 
social sunshine wherever he might be — to 
create an atmosphere of courtesy, refine- 
ment and good-will, as he went along the 
pleasant ways of the world. He carried the 
same air with him when he slipped away to 
enter the sombre abodes of want and misery 
and lightened their gloom by the radiance 
of his presence. 

Who of us, indeed, can ever forget the 
compelling charm of that presence in all 
social intercourse — his air of distinction — 
the unconscious urbanity, that in some 
nameless way suggests aristocratic birth — 
his "Old World" courtesy to women — his 
winning smile, that could so subtly express 
either afifection or amusement — the kindly 
greeting in "the eyes whose sunshine runs 
before the lips" — his unafifected modesty — 
his lively play of mind, and those flying 
shafts of nimble wit that never left a sting. 

Rut, after all, it was with three or four of 
his intimates grouped around his generous 
board that he was seen at his best as a 
charming host. There, under his own roof- 
tree, one best discerned the manifold and en- 
chanting graces of his private life. He pos- 
sessed a keen zest for everything which 
makes life enjoyable, and had an instinc- 
tive talent for elicting the best that was in 
his guests. He delighted in "chaff" and in 
that admirable "nonsense," which is the 
small change of thorough good-fellowship. 
He had a large fund of anecdote himself, 
and was the most sympathetic of listeners 
when a good story was told. 

As no coarse thought ever found lodg- 
ment in his pure soul, so no coarse word 
ever passed his lips. An "improper story" 
— not, of course, told at his board, but else- 
where in the world of men — always froze 
him — though even then he never forgot his 



innate courtesy. But there was just a hint 
of austerity in his manner, that caused the 
lively raconteur never to try the experiment 
again, in his presence. 

His face was singularly mobile and almost 
instantly betrayed any strong emotion that 
possessed him. .At times, in intimate per- 
sonal talk (a deux"), when the generous 
heart and busy brain were devising 'some 
beneficence, that must prove its own reward, 
one might mark, for a fleeting moment a 
look of exaltation, a sort of spiritual radi- 
ance, that made his face beautiful and noble 
l)eyond the compass of words. 

In the midst of the poignant sorrow of 
the present, there is surely some adumbra- 
tion of comfort in the thought — nay, in the 
assured belief — that the glory of that rapt 
expression, that ethereal radiance, which 
transfigured his countenance here only at 
rare and intermittent moments, is no longer 
evanescent "in the land beyond the stars," 
but glows with ever steadier glow, forever 
and forever, in the light supernal, now that 
the mortal has put on immortality. 

His married life was ideally full and 
happy, but there are matters too sacred to 
be more than alluded to in print, especially 
when one is honored with the confidence of 
the living. Rash, indeed, would be the hand 
that would seek to rend the veil from the 
sanctities of that beautiful home-life, which 
was, in truth, the very citadel of his aspir- 
ations and afifections. It may be said, how- 
ever, without impertinence, that, though he 
had reached three score years and more, he 
kept in absolute touch with the younger 
generation, and his affectionate camaraderie 
with his own sons and his plaj-fulness with 
his grandchildren was a lovely thing to see. 

Before the beauty of his Christian life, 
one pauses abashed, and almost fears to 
speak at all. The writer can only set down 
again the few halting lines, that he wrote, 
through blinding tears, the very night that 
this guileless spirit passed awa}- and left us 
desolate. If to labor is to pray — if to visit 
the fatherless and the widow and bind up 
the broken-hearted and keep one's self un- 
spotted from the baseness of the world, be 
in truth, pure religion and undefiled — then 
are we sure that, when "the one clear call" 
came, this gentle and fearless spirit "crossed 
the bar" with no misgiving, but went with 
the glad alacrity and unquestioning faith of 
a little child to "meet his Pilot face to face." 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



67 



When his old comrades stood by his cof- 
fin, and. shaken with sobs, looked down on 
that gracious figure, "hushed in the alabas- 
ter arms of death" and clad in the simple 
jacket of gray, in which, more than forty 
years agone, he had swept through the dust 
and sweat of battle, storming into the fight 
in all the joyous valor of his youth — gazing 
on his delicate patrician features, clear cut 
as a Sicilian cameo and accentuated into an 
even finer beauty than that they wore in 
life — surely there must have flashed through 
the mind of more than one of them those 
words that Shakespeare puts into the mouth 
of (iloucester touching the dead king: 

A sweeter and a lovelier gentleman 
Framed in the prodigality of nature 
The spacious world cannot again afford. 

"Lift is an instrument with many stops," 
and, good player that he was, he used the 
best of them with courage, constancy, vigor 
and discernment. In his young manhood, 
he knew what it was to be very poor — he 
came, in later years, to know what it was 
to be very rich, but the sweetness of his 
nature and the vigor of his soul disdained 
to consider the temptations that both ofi^er, 
and he remained, through storm and sun- 
shine, just the same — his own simple self, 
pure, fearless, just, generous and loving. 

Those who did not know him, if their eyes 
ever chance to light on these pages, will 
say that what has been set down here is all 
mere eulogy. No doubt, it will sound like 
eulogy to them. Yet every word of it is 
simple truth, only marred in the telling, for 
to those who knew him as he reall)- was, any 
portrait, drawn by even the most "practiced 
hand," must prove at best but a blurred 
semblance of the noble gentleman, whose 
simple, unselfish, godly life disdains, as it 
were, all human panegyric. 

And now we have lost that bright and 
vigorous and lovable personality, that repre- 
sented to not a few of us so much of the joy 
of life. As is the inexorable law of being, 
even the memory of that radiant figure 
shall first grow dim, and then altogether die 
out, as the men and women of his gener- 
ation pass away, unless, indeed, a grateful 
capital shall seek to perpetuate in enduring 
bronze the form and figure of one justly 
counted the greatest citizen of the common- 
wealth in his day and generation. Whether 
this be done or not, the tradition of his ro- 



bust and gentle virtues and of his manifold 
activities for the well-being of his state and 
his people, must, we repeat, long endure. 

To some of us it was given to know him 
long and well — to sympathize with his en- 
thusiasms and to take pride in his achieve- 
ments — above all to discern the beauty of 
his daily life, that still lives on "in hearts 
he touched with fire." To the least of these, 
it has seemed a pious duty to set down, even 
if in homeliest fashion, what he himself 
saw and knew of this vivid and beneficent 
personality, to the end that future gener- 
ations shall have something more- than mere 
tradition offered them, when they inquire 
how this noble "Virginia Worthy" lived and 
died. For his public service they must seek 
the public record. 

And when the young Virginian of a hun- 
dred years to come shall bend over the page 
that chronicles the history of his mother- 
slate, and shall scan with kindling eye and 
flushing cheek the long roll of those, who 
have made her "glorious by the pen" and 
"famous by the sword," though he shall see 
there greater names, which, perchance, may 
quicker stir the pulse's play, yet shall he 
see there none worthier of his reverence or 
of his emulation than the name of Joseph 
Bryan. W . Gordon jMcCabe. 

(Note. — This paper was prepared at the special request of the 
Executive Committee of the Virginia Historical Society). 

John Stewart Bryan, eldest son of Joseph 
and Isobel Lamont (Stewart) Bryan, was 
born at Brook Hill, Henrico county, Vir- 
ginia, the home of his mother, October zt,, 
1871. His education was obtained in pri- 
vate preparatory schools and universities : 
Thomas S. Norwood's University School, 
Episcopal High School, University of Vir- 
ginia, B. A. and M. A., 1893, and Harvard 
University Law School, LL. B., 1897. In 
1898 he began in Richmond the practice of 
the profession he had chosen, and for which 
he had specially prepared — the law. In 1900 
he became editorial writer on the Richmond 
"Times-Dispatch ;" in 1906 president of the 
Times-Dispatch Company ; in 1909 president 
of the Richmond News-Leader Company. 
Air. Ilryan is a member of the historical, 
charitable and social organizations of Rich- 
mond. IMr. Bryan married, June 4, 1903, 
Anne Eliza, second daughter of David Bry- 
don and Willie (Bufiington) Tennant, of 
Petersburg. Children : Amanda Stewart, 
born July 13, 1904; David Tennant, born 



68 



VIRGIN I A ]:•■ ] OGR APH Y 



August 3. 1906: John Stewart Jr.. born 
March 11, 191 1. 

Robert Coalter Bryan, second son of 
Joseph and Isobel Lamont (Stewart) Bryan, 
was born at Brook Hill. Henrico county, 
Virginia. June zj. 1873. His academic edu- 
cation was obtained in Norwood's and Mc- 
Guire's schools, and in 1890 he entered the 
University of Virginia, wdience he went to 
the University of Pennsylvania. He took 
courses in surgery at the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons, New York Cit}', and in 
1898 began the practice of surgery in Rich- 
mond. \'irginia. He is a fellow of the Amer- 
ican College of Surgeons, a professor in the 
Medical College of Virginia, is a member of 
the Episcopal church, the Delta Psi frater- 
nity, the Commonwealth, Westmoreland and 
Country clubs, and in political faith is a 
Democrat. Mr. Bryan married, October 17, 
1914. Grace Hamilton, daughter of S. Hamil- 
ton, at Oak Hill, Maryland. 

Jonathan Bryan, third son of Joseph and 
Isobel Lamont (Stewart) Bryan, was born 
at historic Brook Hill, Henrico county, Vir- 
ginia, December 6, 1874. He was educated 
under private tutors, and at Norwood's and 
McGuire's schools, whence he went to the 
University of Virginia in 1892. In 1896 he 
entered the Richmond Locomotive Works, 
rising from the ranks to a high executive 
position. In 1898 and 1900 he went abroad 
for the locomotive company, having charge 
of some foreign work. Mr. Bryan is presi- 
dent of the Jefferson Realty Corporation, 
president of the Richmond Forging Works, 
director of Virginia Trust Company, direc- 
tor of Bank of Commerce and Trusts, also 
director of the Old Dominion Trust Com- 
pany. He is a member of the Westmore- 
land, Country and Commonwealth clubs, 
Delta Psi fraternity, and the Episcopal 
church. Mr. Bryan married, June i, 191 1, in 
New York, Mrs. Winifred (DuiTy) Hayden, 
fourth child of John and Sarah Jane Duffy, 
of St. Louis, Missouri. They now reside at 
his country place, Rothesay, near Rich- 
mond, Virginia. 

Joseph St. George Bryan, fourth son of 
Joseph and Isobel Lamont (Stewart) Bryan, 
w-as born at Brook Hill, Henrico county, 
Virginia, February 11, 1879. He was edu- 
cated at McGuire's University School, Belle- 
vue High School, Pennsylvania Military 
Academy, and the University of Virginia. 
He entered business life at the Richmond 



Locomotive Works. lie passed from there 
to the business department of the Richmond 
"Times-Dispatch." Fie belongs to the \\x- 
ginia Historical Society, Delta Psi frater- 
nity, and several clubs. Mr. Bryan married, 
.\pril 15, 1902, Emily Page Kemp, and has 
two sons: Joseph (4), born April 30, 1904; 
Lamont Stewart, born July 24, 1910. 

Thomas Pinckney Bryan, fifth and young- 
est son of Joseph and Isobel Lamont (Stew- 
art) Bryan, was born at Brook Hill, Hen- 
rico county, \*irginia, October 24, 1882. He 
was educated under private teachers, at 
Nolleys Preparatory School, Episcopal High 
School, and the University of Virginia, 
where he obtained his degrees of B. A. and 
LL. B. He was admitted to the Virginia 
bar in 1905, before finishing his law course, 
and has since 1906 been successfully engag- 
ed in the practice of law in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia. Mr. Bryan is a member of the Delta 
Psi fraternity, and the social, historical and 
business organizations of Richmond. He 
was at one time connected with the Rich- 
mond Light Infantry Blues. He is a mem- 
ber of Emanuel Protestant Episcopal 
Church. ^Ir. Bryan married, April 10, 1907, 
Helen McGill, born at Duneden, Dinwiddle 
county, Virginia, July 6, 1884, eldest child 
of Alexander Hamilton, of Petersburg, \'ir- 
ginia, and his wife, Helen Leslie (McGill) 
Hamilton. Mrs. Bryan has a half-brother, 
Alexander Donnan, and a half-sister, Eliz- 
abeth Venable, and sisters, Sarah Alexander 
and Roberta Alston (Mrs. Lester E. Grant). 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Bryan : Alexan- 
der Plamilton, born May 6, 1908; Isobel 
Stewart, born October 24, 1909: Helen Mc- 
Gill, born October 24, 1912: Norma Stewart. 
born September 12, 1914. 

Mann Satterwhite Valentine. Probably 
there is no institution in Richmond save 
those famed in the history of the state that 
possesses so deep an interest to the residents 
of the city as the Valentine Museum. Val- 
uable as the museum is from scientific and 
educational standpoints, an additional ele- 
ment of interest is the fact that it was a 
gift to the city of Richmond by a native 
born son of Richmond, Mann Satterwhite 
Valentine, and that the donor's father, his 
brothers, his sons, and himself, devoted 
many years to the collection and preserva- 
tion of the many valuable specimens now on 
exhibition. In fact it is peculiarly a Rich- 




Z,at^^ .fi&Jirnfti/'j^o^ ^^ 



~^,v;:^i,-« s-s^^vy 



vUaMuMo3loltr^^ 




^0^^ \ 







\"]RGIX1A BIOGRAPHY 



69 



mond institution, the gift of a citizen and 
one which the donor long wished his city 
to possess and labored to accomplish the 
purpose. Located in the former residence 
of the donor, with spacious gardens attached 
it is one of the attractive and valuable in- 
stitutions of the city. 

Mann Satterwhitc \'alentine. the donor of 
this valuable addition to the educational ad- 
vantages of Richmond, descended from 
Jscob \^alentine, of King William county. 
Virginia, a planter, to whom lands were con- 
veyed by deed, Jul}- i, 1754. Jacob Valen- 
tine was a resident of St. Davids parish. 
King William county, at the time of his 
death, July 9. 1774, his will being dated 
Jiinuary 5. 1774. He was twice married, 
having issue by both. His first wife, Sarah 
(Batchelder) Valentine, was born August 
31. 1725, was the daughter of William (2) 
Batchelder, baptized July 26, 1691, died 
April. 1727. of Christ Church parish, Middle- 
sex county, Virginia, married. April 11. 1720, 
Elizabeth Watts. William (2) Batchelder 
Avas the son of William (i ) Batchelder. and 
grandson of Mr. John Batchelder, of Middle- 
sex county, Virginia, who died December 4. 
1683. Jacob and Sarah (Batchelder) Val- 
entine had issue : John, Batchelder, of fur- 
ther inention ; Jacob, Josiah, Priscilla, Jesse 
and Molly. Jacob \'alentine married (sec- 
ond) September 29, 1762, Mary Elizabeth, 
widow of Samuel Batchelder, and daughter 
of Thomas Laughlin. Issue : Edward ; Eliz- 
abeth, married William Montague. Of 
these sons of Jacob Valentine, Jacob (2), 
Josiah and Edward were officers of the revo- 
lutionary army. 

dl) Batchelder Valentine, son of Jacob 
and Sarah (Batchelder) \'alentine, of High 
Hill, King ^^'illiam county, \'irginia, was 
born 1750. died 1808. He was a planter of 
High Hill, King ^\'illiam county. \*irginia. 
He married Ann, born 1752, died September 
6, 1829, daughter of Mann Satterwhite. of 
York county, \'irginia. Issue; Batchelder 
(2) ; Mann Satterwhite, of further mention : 
Jacob; Martha; Sarah, who married Dr. 
William Minton. of Richmond. Virginia, 

(HI) Mann Satterwhite \'alentine. son of 
Batchelder and Ann (Satterwhite) \'alen- 
tine, was born at High Hill, King William 
county, Virginia, July 3, 1786, died in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, March 20, 1865. He was 
educated in the schools of Westey and King 
in his native countv. He located in Rich- 



mond in 1806. and there read law in the of- 
fice of Samuel McGraw. but later abandoned 
all thoughts of a profession, and embraced a 
commercial career. This was partly due to 
the fact that his father's fortune had been 
seriously impaired through the payment of 
large security debts, and partly perhaps by 
the discovery of his own superior business 
cjualifications. He had made many friends 
ir. the city ; was an ensign in the state 
guard, later a lieutenant ; was keeper of the 
penitentiary store, and then entered general 
mercantile life and contested successfully 
with the English merchants who had hither- 
to controlled the commerce of his state, and 
moreover was the first native Virginian to 
successfully compete with these English 
merchants. He retired from active business 
life in 1859. From early childhood he was a 
lover of nature and art. and as fortune 
smiled upon him, indulged his cultivated 
tastes for music, drama, art and literature. 
He was an ardent sympathizer with the 
south in the war between the states, and a 
generous contributor to her needs. Sad- 
dened and depressed by the adverse ending 
of the conflict and by all the ill fortvuies of 
his beloved state, he died literally of a 
broken heart, at his residence in Richmond, 
March 20. 1865. He was at one time a mem- 
ber of the Richmond common council, and 
a director of the Richmond branch of the 
Bank of Virgmia. 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of Ben- 
jamin Mosby, of Henrico county, Virginia, 
and Ann (Winston) Mosby, his wife. She 
was a descendant of Edward Mosby, an 
early settler of Henrico county, and con- 
nected with the well-known Virginia fami- 
lies. Woodsen. Winston, Fontaine, Povall 
and Bacon. Children: i. Elizabeth Ann, 
born November 26, 1822; married, July 18, 
1850. William Frederick Gray. 2. Mann 
Satterwhite, of further mention. 3. Benja- 
min Batchelder, born November 23, 1825, 
died April 3, 1832. 4. William Winston, 
born April 29, 1828, died February 17. 1885; 
was an earnest scholar and philologist. 5. 
Robert Mosby, born April 9, 1830, died July 
3. 1830. 6. Mary Martha, born September 
8. 1831, died August 19, 1896; married, June 
13. 1866. Jacob Warwick Woods. 7. Sarah 
Benetta, born May 26, 1833, died unmarried, 
June 30. 1889 ; was a writer of graceful verse. 
8. Virginia Louisa, born December 5, 1835, 
died August 26, 1836. 9. Edward X'irginius, 



VIRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



born Xovem1)er 12, 1838; a famous sculptor: 
married (first) November 12, 1872, Alice 
Churchill Robinson: (second) January 5, 
1891, Catherine (Friend) J\Ia3-o. 

(IV) Mann Satterwhite (2) Valentine, 
eldest son of Mann Satterwhite (i) and 
Elizabeth (Mosby) \'alentine, was born in 
Richmond, Virginia, April 22, 1824. He was 
educated in the schools of Rev. Adam Em- 
pie and Mr. Nelson, the Richmond Academy 
in Richmond, at IMidway Academy, Char- 
lottesville, \''irginia, and later was a student 
at W'illiam and I\Iary College, Williams- 
burg, Virginia. Ill health, however, pre- 
vented his completing the course at the lat- 
ter institution. As a student he was par- 
ticularly interested in science and when at 
W'illiam and Alary spent much time with 
Dr. Millington. the professor of chemistry 
there. Although he entered upon a business 
career early in life, being associated with his 
father in the conduct of a large mercantile 
enterprise, he kept up his scientific studies, 
made extensive mineralogical and entomo- 
logical collections, interested himself in 
medicine, and at night was tutored in medi- 
cine l)y several professors in the Medical 
College of \'irginia. He contributed politi- 
cal and other articles to the "Richmond Ex- 
aminer," "Richmond Dispatch," and other 
journals, and wrote two romances, "Arma- 
deus" and "Desultoria," as well as a satire 
in verse entitled "The Mock Auction." 

During the civil war he served in Com- 
pany I, Virginia State Reserves. After the 
war he conducted a large mercantile busi- 
ness, but at that time, as throughout his 
career, his leisure time was largely devoted 
to scientific reading. In 1871 he produced 
Valentine's meat juice, a delicate food for 
the sick, a preparation which has been em- 
ployed and endorsed by leading ph}sicians 
and surgeons and has a worldwide reputa- 
tion. For a number of years he devoted his 
eftorts to the manufacture of his product, 
the extension of his business abroad', and to 
corresponding with scientists interested in 
his work. During this period he also in- 
vented an "automatic bottle corker." He 
was deeply interested in preserving to Vir- 
ginia objects of historical and scientific in- 
terest and promoting among her people a 
love for science, literature and art. The lat- 
ter years of his life were largely spent in 
studying ethnology and corresponding with 
institutions and scientific men in regard to 



the archaeology of Virginia. He was the 
founder of the Valentine Museum, a well 
known institution of Richmond, which con- 
tains one of the most complete collections 
of local archaeology in America. 

He died October 22, 1892. leaving a con- 
siderable portion of his estate for the foun- 
dation of the Valentine Museum. His love 
for Virginia and his patriotic wish to extend 
culture among her people is shown in the 
following quotation from his will: "Many 
years of the life of my father and my broth- 
ers and my sons and myself have been de- 
voted to securing and accumulating objects 
of Archaeology, Anthropology and other 
kindred arts, with a view and purpose of 
making them valuable to my state and 
city : and in order to preserve these and to 
effect the publication of certain manuscripts 
and papers of scientific and literary value, and 
make them all interesting, instructive and 
profitable to those of my community and 
state, I desire to establish in the city of 
Richmond, \'irginia, an institute to be called 
The V^alentine Museum, for the purpose of 
preserving and accumulating objects of 
.\rchaeoIogy, Anthropology and other kin- 
dred arts, etc., for publishing literary, his- 
torical and scientific papers, compatible with 
the ability and amount of endowment of the 
said institute." The original gift included 
the donor's home, together with a library 
of several thousand rare works, manu- 
scripts, autographs, engravings (from Dur- 
er's time to the middle of the eighteenth 
centurv), pictures, curios, china, antique 
furniture, etc., and also the sum of fifty 
thousand dollars, which latter was to be 
invested and the income used in taking care 
of the collection. 

Other additions ha\e been presented to 
the museum by Edward \'. \'alentine : rare 
tapestries, casts of the recumbent figure of 
General Robert E. Lee, outline sketches, the 
death mask of Stonewall Jackson, and a col- 
lection of busts. Ry Granville G. Valentine, 
procured from the British Museum, the 
Vatican, and elsewhere, casts from original 
marbles, bronzes, tablets, masks, etc., of 
Assyrian, Egyptian, Greek. Roman, Ren- 
aissance and modern times. By Granville 
Cj.. Benjamin B. and Edward P. Valentine, 
a "department of Archaeology" containing 
the human remains of many of the mound 
builders, and the weapons, implements, etc., 
of the prehistoric people of America. More 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



71 



than one hundred and twenty thousand of 
these specimens were collected after years of 
personal labor, time and travel by the gen- 
tlemen named. The general assembly of 
Virginia, in accordance with the wishes of 
Mr. Valentine, as expressed in his will, 
passed an act incorporating the "Valentine 
Museum," giving the corporation perpetual 
succession a common seal, and all the rights, 
privileges and powers, conferred by the 
state of \'irginia, on bodies politic and cor- 
porate. This act was approved January 24, 
1894, and in 1898 the museum, arranged and 
catalogued, was opened to the public. The 
spacious mansion in which it is located was 
built in 1812, and is filled from basement to 
roof with the varied wonders of the mu- 
seum. 

Mann Satterwhite Valentine married 
(first) at the residence of William (2) Gray, 
Richmond, Virginia, Ann Maria Gray, born 
at Manchester, Virginia, died in Richmond, 
October 3, 1873. She was the daughter of 
William and Susan Ann (Pleasants) Gray, 
who were married January 9, 1833, and had 
issue : William Granville ; Ann Maria, of 
previous mention ; Helen, married (first) 
Osborn Watson, (second) O. F. Manson ; 
James T., married Elizabeth Palmer; An- 
drew, married Ida Flippen; Herbert, mar- 
ried M. Sue Flippen. William (2) Gray, the 
father of these children, was born in Prince 
Edward county, Virginia, August 27, 1793, 
son of William (i) Gray, born in Surrey 
county, Virginia, February 20, 1745, died in 
Prince Edward county, in November, 1820, 
and his wife, Susannah (Crenshaw) Gray, 
born in Amelia county, Virginia, October 
17, 1756, died in Charlotte county, Virginia, 
June II, 1847. Susan Ann (Pleasants) 
Gray, wife of William (2) Gray, was born 
May, 181 1, died in November, 1884, daugh- 
ter of John T. and Maria Ann (Smith) 
Pleasants, the latter a daughter of Granville 
Smith, an officer of the continental army. 
John T. Pleasants was a son of John and 
Elizabeth Pleasants, of "Fine Creek," both 
of whom were descendants of the famous 
John Pleasants, of Henrico county, Virginia, 
who came from Norwich, England, a mer- 
chant and a leader of the Quakers in Vir- 
ginia. Children of Mann Satterwhite and 
Ann Maria (Gray) Valentine: i. Mary, 
born July 31, 1856, died March, 1882; mar- 
ried James Wilson Moseley. 2. William 
Gray, born December 2, 1857, died Novem- 



ber 21, 1858. 3. Mann Satterwhite, born 
March 2, 1859; married Sally Gary Finch. 
4. Granville Gray, born August 19, i860, 
married Elise Calvin Bragg. 5. Benjamin 
Batchelder, born November 23, 1862; mar- 
ried Eliza Hardaway Meade. 6. Edward 
Pleasants, born April 6, 1864, died March, 
1908 ; married Martha Dabney Chamber- 
layne. 7. Jefferson Davis, born May 9, 1865, 
died January 20, 1866. 8. Frederick Stuart, 
born May 9, 1866; married Mary Lyle Skin- 
ker. 9. Henry Lee, born June 2}^, 1867 ; mar- 
ried Katherine Shores Braxton. 10. James 
Maria, born October 23, 1869. Mann Sat- 
terwhite Valentine married (second) De- 
cember I, 1887, at Ben Nevis, Powhatan 
county, Virginia, Mary Elizabeth, daughter 
of James AI. Finch. There was no issue by 
second marriage. 

The sons of Mann Satterwhite Valentine 
jointly conduct the business of the Valen- 
tine Meat Juice Company, one of the largest 
concerns of the kind in the entire south. The 
business is conducted strictly along modern 
hygienic sanitary lines, and the justly fam- 
ous product is carefully guarded at every 
stage from aught that might mar its per- 
fect purity or flavor. 

Joseph Preston Carson. A great deal of 
interest attaches itself to each of the four 
American generations of this family, repre- 
sented in legal and business circles in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, by Joseph Preston Carson, 
no small part of which is in the fact that 
each of the direct line leading from the im- 
migrant ancestor, Joseph Carson, to Joseph- 
I'reston Carson, has been indentified with 
the professions, three with the law and one 
with the ministry. Joseph Carson, who 
founded his line in Virginia, was a native of 
Ireland, and was a prominent lawyer of his 
period. 

(II) Judge Joseph S. Carson, son of 
Joseph Carson and grandfather of Joseph 
Preston Carson, was born in Winchester, 
Frederick county, Virginia, and there died 
in 1870. The law was the calling he adopted 
early in life, his career as an attorney a suc- 
cessful one, and at his death he was judge 
of the county court sitting at Winchester. 
Judge Carson was connected with the con- 
federate service during the civil war, al- 
though at the opening of it past the age 
when he might serve as a soldier in the 
ranks. 



MRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



(III) Rev. Dr. Theodore M. Carson, the 
eldest son of Judge Joseph S. Carson, was 
born in Winchester, Frederick county, \^ir- 
ginia, in 1834. died in Lynchburg, Virginia, 
in 1904. He was an M. A. of Dickinson Col- 
lege, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and after his 
ordination into the ministry spent the first 
fc-ur years as chaplain in the army of the 
Confederacy. At the close of the war, and 
after several previous charges, he was for 
thirty-three years rector of St. Paul's 
Church, at Lynchburg, Virginia, where he 
attained high position in the church, and at 
his death was president of the standing 
committee of the Diocese of Southern \'ir- 
ginia, also dean of the Convocation of South- 
ern Virginia. Rev. Dr. Carson was a 
scholar of broad culture, a preacher of in- 
tense inspiration, and a minister of meas- 
ureless sympathy, and during the years of 
his life, passed in such faithful devotion to 
the cause he had espoused, he became the in- 
strument of infinite good in the service of 
the Master. He married, in i860, Victoria 
Ellen, daughter of William and Ann (Wat- 
ers) Allison. William Allison was a mem- 
ber of an old Irish family, born in Ireland, 
and after coming to Virginia made his home 
in Richmond. His wife was a native of 
Maryland, and they were the parents of a 
family of thirteen children, the eldest, James 
head of the firm of Allison & Allison, the 
youngest Victoria Ellen, of previous men- 
tion, married Rev. Theodore M. Carson. 
Children of Rev. Dr. and Victoria Ellen (Al- 
lison) Carson are: Joseph Preston, of whom 
further; Maud Lee, born in 1866, married 
Professor W. M. Lile, dean of the law de- 
partment of the University of Virginia. 

(IV) Joseph Preston Carson, son of Rev. 
Dr. Theodore M. and Victoria Ellen (Alli- 
son) Carson, was born at the Preston home- 
stead, "Solitude," Montgomery county, Vir- 
ginia, August 2, 1862. His youthful edu- 
cation was obtained in the schools of Win- 
chester and Lynchburg, and after a course 
in the Episcopal High School at Alexandria, 
he matriculated at the Lhiiversity of Vir- 
ginia, being in the class of 1882. Soon after 
graduation he became an analytical chemist 
with the firm of Allison & Allison, in 1883 
taking up residence in Richmond, where he 
has since remained. For ten years he was 
associated with the previously mentioned 
firm, during that time pursuing legal studies 
at the University of Virginia, and in 1887 



gained admission to the bar. He has made 
steady advances in his profession and now 
oci'Upies a responsible position in legal cir- 
cles, but has not confined his labors to this 
field, being at this writing connected with 
several large business interests, and presi- 
dent of a widely extended company of man- 
ufacturing chemists, in Richmond. With 
the responsibility of the affairs of this latter 
ccmpany and the exactions of his law prac- 
tice, Mr. Carson's existence is a busy one, a 
fact that detracts little from his enjoyment, 
for he is of vigorous nature, finding in close 
application to his business an agreeable 
satisfaction that comes only with labor well 
done and duty thoroughly performed. 

Mr. Carson, although he has never sought 
or held political office, is a staunch Demo- 
crat in both state and national politics. 
While a member of many of the social 
organizations of Richmond, his recreations 
are sought in outdoor pleasures, and he is a 
director in several hunting and fishing clubs 
in the state. Air. Carson is a Royal Arch 
Mason, belonging to Lodge and Chapter, 
and is a vestryman of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church. His residence is the hand- 
some estate of "Dundee." Chesterfield coun- 
ty. Virginia. 

He married, in Richmond. \'irginia, April 
18, 1900, Catherine Valentine, born in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, December 17, 1873, daugh- 
ter J. J. Montague, her father a native of 
Prince Anne county, \^irginia. He also was 
a soldier in the Confederate States army, 
serving during the entire war, and is now 
vice-president of the Planters' National 
Bank of Richmond. Mr. Montague married 
Catherine Warren, a native of Virginia, who 
died in 1909. Children of Joseph Preston 
and Catherine \alentine (Montague) Car- 
son are: Theodore Montague, born Febru- 
ary 10, 1901, now a student in Richmond 
.\cademy ; Catherine Warren, born May 24, 
1903; Joseph Preston Jr., born .\pril I. 1905. 

Milton Buell CofTman, M. D. The first 
mention of a Coflman in the records of Au- 
gusta county, Virginia, is under date of May 
21. 1747, when Martin Coft'man was ap- 
pointed one of the appraisers of the estate 
of Abraham Drake. On November 20, 1770. 
Elizabeth Coffman is named administratrix 
of Henry Cofifman, and ten days later the 
estate of Henry Cofifman was appraised b}- 
Abraham Bird, Jacob Miller, etc. William 



VIRGIN r A BIOGRAPHY 



73 



Coffman benefitted by the "petition of 
George Washington in behalf of himself and 
the officers and soldiers who first embarked 
in the service of this colony, praying that 
the 200,000 acres given to them by Gov- 
ernor Dinwiddie by proclamation, 19th Feb- 
ruary, 1754, may be allotted in one or more 
surveys on the Monongahela, at a place 
commonly called Nicholas Knotts on the 
New river, otherwise called the Great Can- 
hawa from the great falls to Sandy Creek, 
otherwise Creat Tatraroy." This petition 
was granted by order of council. December 
15. '769. and \\'illiam Cofl:man's name ap- 
pears in the list of privates in the letter of 
George Washington. December 23. 1772, 
giving public information as to the distri- 
bution of the said lands. 

(I) Dr. Milton Buell Coilman is a grand- 
son of Jacob Cofl'man, born in .Augusta 
county in 1825. and died in Newport News. 
Virginia, in 1912. at the age of eighty-seven 
years. His family dated in Virginia from 
1716, resident for most of the time in .Au- 
gusta county, where Jacob Coffman was a 
farmer during his active years. He and his 
wife, a Miss Funk, were the parents of ten 
children, of whom five are living at this 
time : Charles, lives in West Virginia ; 
George, a resident of Mexico ; Edward, re- 
sides in Virginia ; Aldine, lives in Virginia ; 
and Anna, married Alexander Wallace, and 
lives in Seattle, Washington. 

(II) Cyrus Milton Coft'man, son of Jacob 
Cofifman, was born in Augusta county. Vir- 
ginia, and met an accidental death in 1884. 
one year after the birth of his second child. 
He was the proprietor of a saw mill, and it 
was in the pursuit of his business that he 
encountered the accident that caused his 
death. He married Alice Virginia Cocke, 
born in Richmond, Virginia, now living in 
Richmond with her son. Dr. Milton Buell 
Cofifman. She is a daughter of Benjamin 
Cocke, born in Surry county, Virginia, in 
1831, died in 1891, his American ancestor 
having come to Virginia with a royal grant 
to land in Surry county. Cyrus Milton Cofif- 
man had two sons : Benjamin, a mechanical 
engineer, associated with the Southern rail- 
way, and Dr. Milton Buell, of whom further. 

(III) Dr. Milton Buell Coft'man, younger 
of the two children of Cyrus ]\lilton and 
Alice Virginia (Cocke) Cofifman, was born 
in Augusta county, Virginia, January 28, 
1883, and when he was four years of age his 



mother moved to Richmond, Virginia, his 
father's death having occurred when he was 
but one year old. In this city Dr. ColTman 
v.-as educated, graduating from the high 
school in 1898, and after spending three 
years in business entered the Medical Col- 
lege of Virginia, afterward changing the 
scene of his professional studies to the 
Hahnemann Medical College of Chicago 
(Philadelphia). He was graduated Doctor 
of Aledicine in the class of 1906, having pur- 
sued, besides the general medical course, 
studies that qualified him as a specialist in 
diseases of the nose, throat and ear. Re- 
turning to Richmond, in this city Dr. Coff- 
man became a general practitioner, and so 
continued with excellent success for five 
years. Since 191 1 Dr. Coffman has devoted 
himself to specialized effort in treatment of 
ailments of the nose, throat and ear, in 
which he is recognizedly proficient. He has 
attained to reputation and position in the 
medical world of his city, is identified with 
\'arious medical associations, and has ex- 
perienced favorable results in general and 
special practice. He is a professional man 
of deep learning, wide interests, and many 
friends, and is appreciated socialh' in Rich- 
mond as well as professionally. He fra- 
ternizes with the Masonic order, and is a 
communicant of the Leigh Street Baptist 
Church. 

Dr. Coffman married, in Richmond, .Au- 
gust 17, 1910, Mary \''irginia Ryall, born in 
Richmond, daughter of John M. Ryall, an 
attache of the revenue department of the 
United States. 

James Caskie. The Caskies of Chester- 
field and Henrico counties, Virginia, are of 
Scotch origin. John and James Caskie, their 
common ancestors, came to America in the 
early part of the eighteenth century as 
representatives of a commercial house at 
Stewarton. county Ayr. Scotland, and for 
many years exported tobacco to manufac- 
turers of the same in their native country. 
John Caskie settled in Lynchburg, and 
James Caskie in Richmond. In time James 
Caskie became identified with the business 
and commercial interests of Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, and was president of the Bank of Vir- 
ginia at Richmond. He resided at Manches- 
ter. Chesterfield county, during his early 
married life, this being a suburb of Rich- 
mond, but afterwards moved to Richmond. 



74 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



where he brought up his family, and from 
them all of the Caskies now in Virginia are 
descended. 

James Caskie married Eliza Randolph 
Pincham, at Richmond, Virginia. They had 
seven children, namely: i. John Samuels, of 
whom further. 2. Marguerite, born in Ches- 
terfield county, Virginia, about 1825 ; mar- 
ried Dr. Robert G. Cabell. 3. Mary Eliza, 
born in Chesterfield county, Virginia ; mar- 
ried Daniel H. London. 4. Nannie E., died 
unmarried. 5. Harriet Augusta, born Feb- 
ruary 6, 1833; married. November 14, 1850, 
John Scott, born April 23, 1820, died in 1907 ; 
became a captain in the Confederate States 
army. 1861-65; resided at "Oakwood," in 
Fauquier county. Virginia. 6. Ellen, mar- 
ried a Mr. Hutchinson. 7. James A., who 
in 1913 was living in Fauquier county, \'ir- 
ginia. 

In "Welles Pedigree of the Washington 
I''amily," page 250, is mentioned the mar- 
riage of James Kerr Caskie, son of John and 
Martha "(Norvel) Caskie, of Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, the 26th day of May, 1844, to Ellen 
Jeal Gwathmey, "second child of Frances 
Fielding Lewis," in North Carolina. He 
died in September, 1868. She was born Sep- 
tember 26, 1824, at Richmond. Virginia, 
died October 5. 1870. at Rockbridge Baths. 
Virginia. They had Martha Norvel Caskie. 
born in Richmond, Virginia, about 1845. 

(ID John Samuels Caskie. son of James 
and Eliza Randolph (Pincham) Caskie, was 
born November 8, 1821, at Alanchester, 
Chesterfield county, Virginia, died in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, December 16, 1869. He 
graduated at the University of Virginia ; 
then studied law in Richmond, wdiere he 
practiced his profession. He was prosecut- 
ing attorney and judge of the Richmond and 
Henrico county circuit. Was elected repre- 
sentative from Virginia to the Thirty-second 
Congress as a Democrat ; reelected to the 
Thirty-third, Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth 
Congresses, serving from March 4, 1851, to 
March 3. 1859 ; was a candidate for the 
Thirty-sixth Congress, but was defeated. 
He resumed the practice of law in Rich- 
mond, \'irginia. He served in the Confed- 
erate States army during the civil war, in 
both artillery and infantry branches of the 
service. He married Fannie Johnson, about 
1849, at Richmond, Virginia. She was born 
about 1830, in Chesterfield county, Virginia. 



(lied in 1862, at Richmond. They had five 
children, namely: i. John S. 2. James, of 
whom further. 3. \^'illiam R. Johnson. 4. 
Lizzie, married D. C. Jackson ; lives at 
Lynchburg, Virginia. 5. George E., a law- 
yer ; resides at Lynchburg, Virginia. 

(Ill) James (2) Caskie. son of John Sam- 
uels and Fannie (Johnson) Caskie, was born 
July 2, 1852, in Richmond, Henrico county, 
Virginia. He attended school in his native 
city, then the Richmond College until he 
was about seventeen years of age, and was 
then employed in commercial pursuits for a 
year or two. About 1870 he began the study 
of law and was admitted to the Virginia 
state bar in 1873. Since that time he has 
been engaged in the active practice of law 
in Richmond, Virginia. He is a Democrat 
and has been more or less identified in local 
politics for many years. He was elected a 
member of the common council, city of 
Richmond, Virginia, served eight years, and 
was presiding officer of the same for four 
years of that time. He is a member of the 
State Prison Association, the Virginia Bible 
Society, and of several other eleemosynary 
organizations, also of the Kappi Kalphi 
Society. He is a director and stockholder 
of the Merchants' National Bank, of Rich- 
mond. Virginia. He is a member of St. 
James' Episcopal Church. 

^[r. Caskie married Emma Palmer, daugh- 
ter of William and Elizabeth ( Enders) Pal- 
mer. November 29, 1877. in Richmond. Vir- 
ginia. She was born about 1856, in Rich- 
mond, ^'irginia. 

Henry Taylor Wickham, a leading mem- 
ber of the Virginia bar. and who has made a 
most useful and honorable record in the 
political history of the commonwealth, pre- 
sents an excellent illustration of the fruits 
of a distinguished ancestry, of well directed 
ambition and of lofty ideals. The inspira- 
tion which has marked his entire career 
from boyhood is found in maxims of great 
weight. The germ of sound ideals is to be 
found in character, which is to a great de- 
gree hereditary, but an essential to its growth 
i^ to have high ideals, and to always en- 
deavor to attain to as high a standard in 
morality, sobriety and professional ethics as 
constant and unrelaxed effort will bring. 
and to acquire the habit of always keeping 
this in mind. The steady and constant 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



75 



striving after excellence in small things 
must precede the ability to accomplish 
larger matters. 

Mr. W'ickham is a native of Virginia, born 
at Hickory Hill. Hanover county, December 
17, 1849, son of \\'illiams Carter and Lucy 
Penn (Taylor) \\'ickham. His father was 
noted for courage, both physical and moral, 
integrity, great firmness of will, very strong 
in his convictions and friendships ; he was 
lawyer, planter, soldier and man of affairs 
— a member of the house of delegates and 
senate; of the state convention of 1861 ; of 
the Confederate congress ; supervisor of 
Hanover county; captain, lieutenant-colonel, 
colonel and brigadier-general. Confederate 
States army ; and president of the Chesa- 
peake & Ohio Railroad Company. He was 
descended from Thomas Wickham, who 
came from England in 1658 to \\"ethersfield, 
Connecticut. .Among the forbears of Henry 
T. W'ickham were: John W'ickham, great- 
grandfather, characterized in an address by 
Hon. John Randolph Tucker as "one of the 
first in time, as first in fame, of the great 
lawyers of Virginia." Alexander Spotswood, 
great-great-great-great-grandfather, whose 
daughter Katherine married Bernard Moore, 
of Chelsea ; their daughter, Ann Butler 
Moore, married Charles Carter, of Shirley; 
their son. Robert Carter, married Mary Nel- 
son, of Yorktown ; their daughter, Anne 
Carter, married "William F. Wickham, of 
Hickory Hill, and their son was Williams 
Carter Wickham, see above. Alexander 
Spotswood was the "Tubal Cain" of Vir- 
ginia, the first in America to erect an 
iron furnace. Thomas Nelson, great-great- 
grandfather, whose daughter, ]\Iary Nelson, 
married Robert Carter, of Shirley, as above ; 
signer of the Declaration of Independence 
from Virginia, soldier of the revolution, dis- 
tinguished at the battle of Yorktown. gov- 
ernor of the state. John Penn, great-great- 
grandfather, whose daughter, Lucy Penn, 
married Colonel John Taylor, of Carolina; 
their son, Henry Taylor, married Julia Dun- 
lop Leiper, of Philadelphia, and their daugh- 
ter, Lucy Penn Taylor, married General 
Williams Carter Wickham, see above. John 
Penn was signer of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence from North Carolina, member of 
the continental congress, member of North 
Carolina board of war. and became prac- 
tically the board, exercising its powers alone 
during the greater part of its existence. 



Colonel John Taylor, of Carolina, great- 
great-grandfather, soldier of the revolution, 
distinguished as a lawyer, United States 
senator from Virginia, mover of the Vir- 
ginia resolutions of 1798-99; owner of Hazel- 
wood, on the Rappahannock ; author of 
many books upon agriculture and politics, 
among them "Arator," "Construction Con- 
strued." "New Views of the Constitution," 
"Tyranny Unmasked," and "Taylor's In- 
quiry." 

Henry Taylor W'ickham was reared at the 
family home, and while having no tasks in- 
volving manual labor he was accustomed 
to work, and spent his spare time in hunting 
and fishing, and with horses and dogs. 
Owing to the desolation caused by war, his 
parents made many sacrifices for his educa- 
tion. After attending the home schools, he 
entered Washington College (now Wash- 
ington and Lee University), coming under 
the direct influence of President (General) 
Robert E. Lee, and graduated in 1868 with 
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He studied 
for his profession in the University of Vir- 
ginia, under Professor John B. Minor, and 
was graduated with the degree of Bachelor 
of Laws in 1870, the year in which he 
attained his majority. On December 17, 
1S70. he was admitted to the bar in Rich- 
mond, and became clerk in a lawyer's office, 
but soon engaged in active practice. His 
rise in his profession was steady, but in- 
volved severe labor. He became assistant 
attorney of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad 
Company in February, 1874, and assistant 
counsel in 1878; February I, 1886, general 
solicitor of the Newport News & Mississippi 
\'alley Railroad Company; January 5, 1886, 
general solicitor of the Chesapeake & Ohio 
Railway Company; in 1904 receiver of the 
Street Railway Companies of Richmond ; 
and was a director in the Big Sandy Rail- 
way Company, the Elizabethtown, Lexing- 
ton & Big Sandy Railroad Company, the 
Maysville & Big Sandy Railroad Company, 
the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway Company 
of Kentucky. Mr. Wickham has a notable 
record as a state legislator. In 1879 he was 
elected to the house of delegates as a "debt 
Payer," and served two years; in 1888 he 
was elected to the senate, serving three 
years, and during that service was mover 
of resolutions resulting in the settlement of 
the Virginia state debt, known as the Cen- 
tur\- or Olcott settlement ; in 1890-92 he was 



MRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



a member of the Virginia state debt com- 
mission ; he was reelected to the senate in 
1891 and 1895 — two four-year terms; in 
1895 he was chairman of the Democratic 
conference of the senate, and chairman of 
the senate finance committee; in 1897 was 
elected president pro tem of the senate ; and 
was reelected to the senate in 1899 and 1903, 
his final term closing in 1907. His service 
in the legislature was conspicuously useful, 
and was principally in connection with the 
state debt, and its subsidiary questions in- 
volving the West Virginia separation. He 
had entered public life on this issue as a 
"debt payer." and consistently adhered to 
that policy. As chairman of the senate 
finance committee for many years, he had 
charge of the various tax bills and bills ap- 
}>ropriating the public revenues of the state ; 
he was strictly conservative in his views, 
and his course was marked by strenuous 
effort to economize in expenditures, and re- 
lieve the taxpayers as far as possible. He 
has ever been active in his ei?ort to increase 
as far as practicable, within the means of 
the state, the appropriations for pensions for 
Confederate veterans, for Confederate me- 
morial associations, and for the educational 
institutions of the state. In politics he has 
held strongly to Democratic principles, but 
has not hesitated to hold an independent 
attitude when principle was at stake. Prior 
to the first Cleveland campaign, he had been 
a Republican on national issues, affiliating 
with the Conservative or Democratic party 
on state issues. He was always a supporter 
of Mr. Cleveland on the tariff' issue and re- 
form measures in the public service, and was 
always with the whites on the race issue. 

Mr. W'ickham married, December 17. 1885, 
Elise Warwick Barksdale, and two cliildren 
have been born to them. 

Richard Hardaway Meade. David Meade, 
of Kentucky, who lived to over ninety years 
of age. uncle of Bishop Meade, of Virginia, 
was a genealogist, and traced descent on 
maternal lines to Thomas Cromwell, a black- 
smith of Lutney, in Ireland, who was the 
father of Thomas Cromwell, servant of Car- 
dinal Wolsey and his successor in the favor 
of Henry VIII., but who forfeiting that was 
beheaded by his orders. Oliver Cromwell 
was his nephew. One branch of this family 
was the Everards of Essex from whom Rich- 
ard Kidder, bishoji of Bath and \\'ells. de- 



scended, and from him came the name Rich- 
ard Kidder, so frequent in the family and 
from the Everards came the also common 
family name Everard. 

(I) In .America the family sprimg from 
Andrew Meade, born in Kerry, Ireland, in 
the latter part of the seventeenth century, a 
Roman Catholic. Tradition says he left his 
native land and for a time lived in London, 
then came to this country, landing in New 
York and there marrying Mary Latham, a 
member of the Society of Friends, living in 
Flushing, Long Island. About five years 
later they moved to Xansemond county, 
\''irginia, at the head of navigation on the 
Nansemond river. He was a member of the 
Virginia house of burgesses, judge of he 
court, seniof colonel of militia, a man of 
education and influence. He is said to have 
been a man of great physical strength, of 
fine form, but rather hard featured. He died 
in 1745, leaving behind a stainless character 
and the title, Andrew Meade, "The Honest." 
His daughter, Priscilla, married William 
Curie, of Hampton, Virginia. 

(II) David Meade, son of Andrew and 
Mary (Latham) Meade, with his sister, Pris- 
cilla, were the only children of Andrew 
Meade to survive him. David inherited the 
paternal estate, and about 1729 married Sus- 
annah, elder of the two daughters of Sir 
Richard Everard. baronet of Broomfield 
Hall, Much Waltham parish, Essex, Eng- 
land, and his wife, Susannah (Kidder) Ever- 
ard, eldest daughter of Dr. Richard Kidder, 
bishop of Bath and Wells. Sir Richard 
Everard was a captain in Queen Anne's 
army, and for a few years proprietary gov- 
ernor of North Carolina. At his death he 
left all his estate to his widow, who at her 
death left it to her two daughters, Susannah 
and Ann Everard. David Meade was a man 
of handsome person and purest life. He 
was the most affectionate of husbands, the 
tenderest of parents, the best of masters and 
an ingenuous sincere friend, just, generous 
and hospitable. He died in 1757, in his 
forty-seventh year. Children: i. David, 
born July 20, 1744; inherited the Nanse- 
mond estate previously owned by his father 
and grandfather ; he married Sarah Waters, 
daughter of William \\'aters, of Williams- 
burg, \'irginia, then settled at Maycox, 
Prince George county. Virginia, then re- 
moved to Kentucky, devoting his time and 
fortune to the improvement of these two 



\'IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



// 



estates which were celebrated all over Vir- 
ginia and Kentucky ; to him the preserva- 
tion of the early family history of the 
Meades is due. 2. Richard Kidder, born 
about 1750; married (first) at age of nine- 
teen years, Jane Randolph, sister of Richard 
Randolph and aunt of John Randolph, of 
Roanoke, a lady much older than himself ; 
he early entered the revolutionary service, 
fought at Great Bridge, the first battle of 
the revolution fought in Virginia, became 
captain of the Second Virginia Regiment 
and aide-de-camp to General Washington 
from March 12, 1775, until the war closed; 
he was with Washington in all the great 
battles of the revolution and to him was 
committed the superintendence of the 
execution of Major Andre ; when Washing- 
ton was taking leave of some of his aides, 
he gave each a parting word of advice ; to 
Colonel Aleade he said: "Friend Dick, you 
must go to a plantation in Virginia; you 
will make a good farmer and honest fore- 
man of the grand jury of the county where 
you live ;'' and so it proved ; he settled 
permanently in Frederick county, Virginia, 
became a successful farmer and as long as 
health lasted was foreman of the grand jury 
of the old district court of the county ; he 
married (second) Mary, daughter of Ben- 
jamin Grymes ; among his children was the 
celebrated Bishop William Meade. 3. Ever- 
ard, of further mention. 4. Andrew, married 
Susanna Stith. 5. John, died aged seven- 
teen years. 6. Mary, married Colonel 
George Walker. 7. Anne, married Richard 
Randolph, of Curls. 

(III) Everard Meade, third son of David 
and Susannah (Everard) Meade, was born 
October i, 1748. He spent a large part of 
his minor years at school in England, re- 
turning to Virginia about 1764. He was a 
soldier of the revolution, captain in the Sec- 
ond Virginia Regiment, major and from 
1778 to the close of the war aide-de-camp on 
the staff of General Lincoln. He was a 
member of the Virginia convention of 1788 
and one of the notable men of his day. He 
married (first) when but eighteen years of 
age, Mary Thornton, a young lady of about 
his own age, who bore him three children, 
all preceding their father to the grave. He 
married (second) Maria, widow of Benja- 
min Ward, who survived him. 

(IV) Benjamin Lincoln Meade, son of 
Everard and Maria (Ward) Meade, was 



born December 17, 1793, died August 25, 
185 1. He married Eliza Hardaway, of Pow- 
hatan county, Virginia, February 10, 1819, 
and had issue : Richard Hardaway, of whom 
further; Everard Benjamin, Porn in April, 
1839, died in April, 1896; Hodijah, born in 
May, 1842, died in April, 1902; Marianne, 
married Dr. John G. Skelton ; Charlotte Ran- 
dolph, married General James H. Lane. 

(V) Richard Hardaway Meade, son of 
Benjamin Lincoln and Eliza (Hardaway) 
Meade, was born in Powhatan county, Vir- 
ginia, in January, 1831, died in September, 
1880. He was reared in the locality of his 
birth, as a boy taking up the business of life 
in Richmond, employed as clerk in a drug 
store. This early association determined 
his future activity, for with the knowledge 
and experience thus gained as a founda- 
tion, he formed the firm of Meade & Baker, 
dealers in drugs, and continued the leading 
member thereof until his death. His life 
was short, forty-nine years, but because of 
the early age at which he assumed man's 
duties and responsibilities, his useful activ- 
ities covered the average period of time and 
he played well his part in life. During the 
war between the states he was a member of 
the "House Guard." He married Jane Cath- 
erine Fontaine, born in Hanover county, 
Virginia, daughter of Colonel Edmund Fon- 
taine and Louisa Shackleford, his wife, ma- 
ternal granddaughter of James and Eliza- 
beth (Dabney) Shackleford, and paternal 
granddaughter of Colonel William Fontaine 
and Anna Morris, his wife. Colonel Wil- 
liam Fontaine was a member of Washing- 
ton's staff and witnessed the surrender at 
Yorktown ; he was a descendant of John de 
la Fontaine, the French martyr. Colonel 
Edmund Fontaine gained his military rank 
of colonel in the Confederate States army, 
and became a citizen of note, being first 
president and founder of a railroad from 
Richmond to Charlotteville, now embraced 
in the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad. Chil- 
dren of Richard Hardaway and Jane Cath- 
erine (Fontaine) Meade: Lila, married Ben- 
jamin B. Valentine, and is president of the 
Equal Suffrage League of Virginia ; Richard 
Hardaway (2), of whom further; Louise 
Fontaine, married Clarence P. Cadot, of 
Richmond, Virginia ; Kate Fontaine, unmar- 
ried, resides in Richmond, Virginia ; Mari- 
anne Everard, unmarried, lives in Rich- 
mond, Virginia. 



78 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



John de la Fontaine was born in the prov- 
ince of Maine, near the borders of Nor- 
mandy, about the year 1500, and as soon as 
he could bear arms his father procured him 
a commission Tn the household of Francis I. 
He and his father became converts to Prot- 
testantism about 1535, being then in the 
service of Charles IX., of France. He re- 
signed in January, 1 561, and two years later 
a band of ruffians attacked his house and 
murdered both him and his wife, their deaths 
having been decreed on account of their 
Protestant religion. 

James de la Fontaine, the second son of 
John de la Fontaine, was about fourteen 
years of age when his parents were mur- 
dered and fled in horror from the scene with 
his two younger brothers, finding his way 
to Rochelle, then and for many years a 
stronghold of Protestantism in France. 
James learned the shoemakers' trade and 
supported his brothers until they were able 
to care for themselves. He later engaged in 
commerce and became prosperous. He died 
in 1633, leaving two daughters and a son. 
A picture of him represented a very hand- 
some man with full face, long flaxen beard 
reaching to his waist, well proportioned and 
of good height. 

Rev. James (2) de la Fontaine, only son 
of James ( i ) de la Fontaine, was born in 
1603. He was finely educated, took holy 
orders and from his ordination until death 
was minister to the United churches of Vaux 
and Royan. He married (first) in 1628, in 
London, England, a Miss Thompson, who 
bore him six children. He married (second) 
in 1641, Marie Chaillon, and had issue. He 
was a man of unusual attainments and was 
greatly beloved bv his people. He died in 
1666. 

James (3) de la Fontaine, son of Rev. 
James (2) de la Fontaine and his second 
wife, Marie (Chaillon) de la Fontaine, was 
born at Jenouille. France, 1658. He lived 
in France deeply persecuted until the month 
of October, 1685, when the Edict of Nantes 
was actually revoked, then he fled to Eng- 
land, arriving December i, following the 
revocation. He there married, February 8, 
1686, Anne Elizabeth Boursiquot, who had 
fled from France in the same party as her 
husband. He became a manufacturer and 
trader of Taunton, England, where six chil- 
dren were born to him: Jonas, Aaron, Mary 
Anne, Peter, John and Moses. He then 



moved to Cork, Ireland, arriving there De- 
cember 24, 1694, and there began preaching, 
January 19, 1695, holding service in his own 
house. There he also manufactured cloth 
goods. Later he was a farmer and in part- 
nership conducted a large fishery at Bear 
Haven, Ireland, but passed through a series 
of misfortunes that compelled his going to 
Dublin. 

John de la Fontaine, son of James (3) de 
la Fontaine, came to Virginia, purchased a 
plantation and was later joined by his 
brothers. Rev. Peter and James, who came 
in 1715, as did their sister, Mary Anne, wife 
of Matthew Maury, that family settling in 
Virginia in 1719. From these sons of James 
Fontaine, the Huguenot, who settled in Vir- 
ginia, sprang Jane Catherine, who married 
Richard Hardaway Meade. 

(VI) Richard Hardaway (2) Meade, son 
of Richard Hardaway (i) and Jane Cath- 
erine (Fontaine) Meade, was born in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, May 3, 1867. His education 
was obtained under private instruction and 
as a pupil in Professor McGuire"s School, 
and at the age of seventeen years he discon- 
tinued his studies to begin work. Until 
1893, or for nine years, he was employed as 
a clerk by Allen Ginter, in that year becom- 
ing secretary and treasurer of the Powhatan 
Clay Manufacturing Company. To his 
duties in this capacity were also added later 
those of manager, and Mr. Meade at this 
time has a triple connection with this con- 
cern, and also holds the same positions in 
the Richmond Wood Working Company. In 
the active direction of the companies aiifairs 
as manager his forceful energy, wide execu- 
tive powers, and innate business sagacity 
have won desired results, while his dis- 
charge of his secretarial and financial duties 
has been no less able. Mr. Meade is affili- 
ated with the Crystal Ice Company and the 
Southern Investment Company in the capac- 
ity of director, and is the responsible head 
of Bellevue Park. 

Mr. Meade's chief relaxation from his nu- 
merous business duties is in athletic recrea- 
tion and he is an enthusiastic golfer. He is 
a member of the Hermitage Golf Club, one 
of its board of governors, and is a familiar 
figure upon its well kept links. As in all of 
his other interests, whatever their nature, 
he has not been satisfied with a game of fair 
excellence, but is numbered among Rich- 
mond's best players, many trophies won in 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



79 



open competition bearing witness of his 
skill. He is a steady and sure player, rising 
to brilliance when forced by unfortunate 
chance, but as a rule playing evenly and 
consistently. He is a Democrat in political 
conviction, and is a member of the vestry of 
Monumental Episcopal Church. For twenty- 
five years he has filled the office of superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school of this church, 
and has served with conscientious faithful- 
ness, giving its work his earnest effort, de- 
riving therefrom a lasting inspiration. 

Mr. Meade married, October 12, 1893, 
Nellie Prior, born in Fayetteville, North 
Carolina, where her mother was visiting the 
family home being in Richmond, daughter 
of Thomas Stanley and Ellen R. (Prior) 
Atkins. Her father was a native of England, 
coming to Richmond, Virginia, when a 
)oung man, and became judge of the Hust- 
ings court. He was a notable citizen, and 
was at one time special master in receiver- 
ship for what is now the Southern railway. 
Children of Richard Hardaway and Nellie 
Prior (Atkins) Meade: Richard H., Jr., 
born May 10, 1897, a student at the Virginia 
Military Institute, class of 1906; Nellie 
Atkins, born June 15, 1900; Thomas Stan- 
ley, born November 10. 1905. 

Thomas Staples Martin, United States 
Senator. The elevation of Senator Martin 
to the highest political office his state can 
bestow, that of United States senator, was 
a plain case of "the office seeking the man,'' 
as prior to his election by the Virginia legis- 
lature to the high office he has held since 
1895 he had never sought nor held a polit- 
ical office of any kind in state or nation. 
Yet he was not without qualifications aside 
from his well-known powers of mind and 
character, for he had from youth lived in an 
atmosphere of politics and had been for sev- 
eral years a member of the executive com- 
mittee of the state Democratic committee. 
When a school boy at Virginia Military In- 
stitute he had marched out to the field of 
battle with his brother cadets and his fight 
for a legal education had proved his strength 
of character, while his quarter of a century 
in active practice had developed a character 
that has withstood the searching light of 
many years public service. Yet the law was 
his choice and notwithstanding the impor- 
tant obligation as a United States Senator 
he has ever been devoted to his profession. 



Senator Martin is a son of John Samuel 
and Martha Ann (Staples) Martin and a 
grandson of Reuben Martin, his Grand- 
mother Hayden being a daughter of a Vir- 
ginia legislator. John S. Martin, son of a 
farmer, grew to manhood amid agricultural 
surroundings, but his tastes were for a mer- 
cantile life and leaving the farm he became 
a merchant and manufacturer of Scottsville, 
\'irginia. 

Thomas Staples Martin was ' born in 
Scottsville, Albemarle county, Virginia, July 
29. 1847. He attended Scottsville schools 
until March i, 1864, then entered Virginia 
Military Institute, continuing his studies in 
barracks and field until April 9, 1865. In 
October, 1865, he entered the University of 
Virginia, academic department, attended 
sessions there until June i, 1867. His 
father's death, July 3. 1867, leaving him the 
head of a large family, he gave up his ambi- 
tion for a college education and warmly 
shouldered his responsibilities. He had 
graduated from a number of schools and 
gained practically a college education, how- 
ever, and he did not surrender his ambition 
and determination to be a lawyer, but 
shortly after leaving the university he be- 
gan a course of private study and reading. 
Although this was a slower and more diffi- 
cult vi'ay to secure the needed education he 
persevered in his legal study, finally pre- 
senting himself before the examiners, men- 
tally well and accurately equipped with 
legal knowledge. He was granted a license 
to practice in the fall of 1869 and at once 
began practice at the Albemarle county bar. 
He began in a quiet, modest way, but soon 
proved his mettle and clients became plenti- 
ful. As he gained in experience and years, 
he broadened and expanded mentally, be- 
coming one of the leading lawyers of the 
Virginia bar. He practiced continuously 
from the date of his admission, 1869, until 
1893, nearly a quarter of a century, then the 
reward of a well spent, useful life came to 
him unexpectedly and unsought. The law 
was to him a jealous mistress and he had 
fought so hard for his education and foot- 
hold that he allowed nothing to come be- 
tween him and his profession. But in 1893, 
when chosen by the legislature of Virginia 
over some of Virginia's distinguished public 
men, he accepted the high honor, although 
in former years he had declined to be a can- 
didate as he had declined other offers of 



8o 



VIRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



political office. He has been a member of 
the executive committee of the Democratic 
State Central Committee, appointed in 1866; 
was a member of the board of visitors to 
the University of Virginia and of a similar 
board to the ^liller Manual Labor School of 
Alexandria, but never had held a political 
office. His senatorial term began March 4, 
1895, on which date he was sworn in as a 
member of the Fifty-fourth Congress of the 
United States. He served the full term of 
six years with honor, was reelected by the 
Virginia legislature to succeed himself ; six 
years later he was again elected to represent 
his state in the highest legislative tribunal 
of our country and on January 12, 1912, for 
a fourth time he was honored as the choice 
of his state for the term beginning March 

4. 1913- 

Senator Martin is one of the strong men 
of the United States senate and of his state, 
famous for its great men. He is wise in 
counsel, but a whirlwind in action; a force- 
ful, eloquent speaker, quick and ready in de- 
bate, a valuable attorney and a dreaded op- 
ponent. His broad-minded statesmanship 
has been often displayed in times of state 
and national crisis and like a rock he has 
stood for the principles of his party and the 
honor of his country. When the state of 
Virginia was torn with dissension over the 
settlement of the state debt he rendered a 
distinguished service as advisory counsel to 
the committee having the matter in charge. 
Broad and progressive as he is in his views 
on national and state affairs, he is highly 
regarded for his personal traits of character. 
His good nature is as unfailing as his cour- 
tesy, his charity broad, and his sympathy 
ready. He possesses not only the power to 
attract and convince men, but the power to 
hold their friendship. In honoring Sena- 
tor Martin with so long a term in the senate, 
the state of Virginia has honored herself, 
his public service ranking with that of any 
senator from the Old Dominion. 

Senator Martin married, October 10, 1894, 
Lucy Chamblis Day, daughter of Charles 
Fenton and Virginia (Jordan) Day. They 
have two children : Lucy Day Martin, born 
January 20, 1897; Thomas S. Martin Jr., 
born February 23, 1902. 

Morgan Poitiaux Robinson. Several 
branches of the Robinson family are now to 
be found in \'irginia, all descended from John 



Robinson, who came to America in early 
Colonial days. Many of the name have been 
distinguished in the history of Virginia, and 
in the history of the Protestant Episcopal 
church during Colonial times. Branches of 
the Robinson family emanating from this 
emigrant ancestor are known to have lived 
i;-! York, Middlesex, Gloucester, King and 
Queen, Caroline, Henrico, Norfolk, and 
other counties, in Virginia. Robinsons of 
this clan have held important official posi- 
tions in Virginia from Colonial times down 
to the present, and John Robinson, of Rich- 
mond (born February 13, 1773, died April 
26, 1850), is believed to have held the rec- 
ord of the state for length of service. He 
v/as deputy clerk of the Hustings court and 
of the district court of Richmond, also clerk 
for twelve years, until the latter was abol- 
ished, and then clerk of the circuit court of 
Henrico county, Virginia, forty-one years, 
in all, fifty-three years, from 1797 to 1850, 
the time of his death. 

(I) John Robinson, the first of the Rob- 
inson family in \'irginia of whom we have 
any account, came from Cleasby, Yorksiiire, 
England, about the middle of the seven- 
teenth century. He married Elizabeth Pot- 
ter, of Cleasby, daughter of Christopher Pot- 
ter, and settled in York county, Virginia, in 
what was then called Charles River parish. 
John Robinson received 300 acres of land 
in Lancaster county, Virginia, April 4, 1653, 
and later grants of several thousand acres 
in York, Lancaster and Gloucester counties, 
Virginia. He died March i, 1688, in New 
Charles parish, York county, Virginia, and 
left surviving issue. 

(II) Anthony Robinson, son of John and 
Elizabeth ( Potter) Robinson, was born May 
I, 1662, in New Charles parish, York county, 
\'irginia. Anthony Robinson, of New 
Charles parish, held lands in York county, 
Virginia, prior to 1691, as on October 20, 
1691, he received a grant of thirty-three 
acres of land in Poquosin parish, York 
county, which was bounded in part by said 
Robinson's old line, and in part by lines of 
Robert Kirby. He was vestryman and 
church warden of Charles parish in 1707 
and 1708. He died November 11, 1727. His 
will, dated November 9, 1727, was probated 
December 18, 1727; it makes bequests to his 
children, Peter, William and John Robin- 
son. To Anne Parsons and his son-in-law, 
William Parsons, husband of Anne. To his 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



8r 



wife, Anne Robinson, and to his grandchil- 
dren, William Parsons, Martha Sweny, 
Merit Sweny, Mary Robinson, daughter of 
John ; Mary, daughter of Anthony ; Starkey, 
Diana, Anthony and John Robinson. He 
gave his sons, John and Peter, that part of 
his land where he then lived. "I give unto 
my son John Robinson in compliance to a 
will made by Mr. Armiger Wade a gift of 
4G acres joining to that part where I now 
live and given to said John R. by the said 
Armiger Wade, and the other part of my 
land I give to my son Peter R." He named 
his wife Anne and son John as executors. 
December 28, 1727, Anne Robinson, relict of 
Anthony, renounced the provision made for 
her in his will, and claimed her legal rights. 
Anthony Robinson married (first) Mary 
Starkey, in 1684, who died January 31, 1697- 
98, and left surviving issue; married (sec- 
ond) Jane , in 1698, who died Febru- 
ary 17, 1717-18, and left issue; married 

(third) Anne , who survived him, and 

was named in his will already mentioned. 

(III) John (2) Robinson, son of Anthony 
and Mary (Starkey) Robinson, was born 
August 25, 1685, in York county, Virginia. 
He and his son, Anthony Robinson, were 
both drowned near Egg Island, Virginia, 
April 7, 1737, and his remains were buried 
May 6, 1737, parish register. He married 
Frances Wade, daughter of .\rmiger Wade, 
of York county, who died October 13, 1721 ; 
was descended from Armigall Wade, of Bell- 
size, near Hempstead, England, who was 
the father of Sir William Wade, frequently 
mentioned in the progress of James I., and 
of whom there is a curious and interesting 
memoir in Park's "History of Hampstead." 
Armiger Wade Sr. lived in York county, 
Virginia, in 1677, and had: Frances; Mary, 

who married Curtis ; Dorothy, who 

married John Parsons ; Anne, who married 

Trotter. His will, dated August 12, 

1708, probated March 20, 1708-09, in York 
county records, gave his son-in-law, John 
Robinson, forty acres of land, provided his 
father, Anthony Robinson, gave him the 
same amount of land adjoining. 

(IV) Anthony (2) Robinson, son of John 
(2) and Frances (Wade) Robinson, was 
born September 9, 171 1, in York county, 
Virginia, was drowned April 7, 1737, near 
Egg Island, Virginia, and buried May 6, 
1737, according to church records. He mar- 

VI A— 6 



ried Mary Kirby, by whom he had issue, 
four children ; she married (second) Daniel 
Aloore. and died before 1775. Mary Robin- 
son, widow of Anthony Robinson, in right 
of her infant son, administered the estate of 
John Robinson, Sr., September 9, 1737; the 
appraisement was filed May 15, 1738, by 
Bennet Tomkins, Daniel Moore and Mary 
Robinson ( see page 389, York county rec- 
ords) ; and September 19, 1737, she was 
made guardian of her son. 

(V) Anthony (^3) Robinson, son of An- 
thony (2) and Mary (Kirby) Robinson, was 
born June 15, 1737, in York county, Vir- 
ginia. He was justice for York county, Vir- 
ginia, 1762 to 1767; and high sheriff of the 
county in 1765, with sureties, Augustine 
Moore and Aaron Phillips, the latter his 
father-in-law. He died in 1776; his will, 
dated October 27, 1775, was probated April 
15' ^77^< and names his mother, Mary 
Moore, Mr. Aaron Phillips, and his uncle, 
Merritt Moore, as executors. He married 
(first) Frances Read, daughter of Samuel 
and Mary Read, December i, 1757. She 
was born December 23, 1723, died August 
26, 1762, and left surviving issue, two chil- 
dren ; married (second) Mary Phillips, 
daughter of Aaron and Eliza Phillips, De- 
cember 23, 1762. She was born May 16, 
1743, died April 7, 1775, and was the mother 
of six children, among them was a son 
whose record follows. 

(VI) Anthony (4) Robinson, son of An- 
thony (3) and Mary (Phillips) Robinson, 
was born August 12, 1770, in York county, 
Virginia. He was an elder brother of John 
Robinson, who was clerk at Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, for fifty-three years, and was himself 
a man of affairs and a planter of consider- 
able estate. He died September 11, 1851, at 
Richmond, Virginia. He married Elizabeth 
Russell, daughter of William Russell, who 
was clerk of James City county for a long 
time. She was born January 15, 1778, at 
Williamsburg, died August 5, 1852, at Rich- 
mond, Virginia, and had issue seven chil- 
dren, namel}- : Elizabeth, who died January 
24, 1861 ; Poitiaux, of whom more hereafter; 
Ann, who died July 9, 1868; Wirt, who had 
a son, Russell; Portia Cox; William, who 

•was probably the justice of York county in 
1825 ; John. 

(VII) Poitiaux Robinson, son of Anthony 
(4) and Elizabeth (Russell) Robinson, was 



82 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



horn about 1800, presumably in James City 
county, Virginia. He married Mary Enders, 
and had issue. 

(VIII) John Enders Robinson, son of 
Poitiaux and Mary (Enders) Robinson, was 
born July 10, 1851, at corner of Fifth and 
Main streets, Richmond, Virginia. He was 
a pupil at the Rev. John T. Clarke's school 
at "Riverview," in Halifax county, Virginia. 
Early in 1864 and in 1865 he assisted in the 
Confederate operation of railroad trains over 
the old Richmond & Danville Railroad, now 
the Southern, in the vicinity of Staunton 
River Bridge, Virginia. He was a cadet in 
the Military Institute of Virginia from 1867 
to 1869. He was the Virginia commissioner 
to Vienna at the World's Fair of 1873. In 
1872 and 1874 he was lieutenant of the Rich- 
mond Light Infantry Blues, Virginia mili- 
tia. He lives in Richmond, where he was a 
tobacconist for many years. He is a Demo- 
crat, but never sought political ofifice. He 
is a consistent member of the Protestant 
Episcopal church. He was a charter mem- 
ber of the Westmoreland Club, of which he 
was the first treasurer, serving for a period 
of five years. 

Mr. Robinson married, November 7, 1871, 
in St. Paul's Church, Richmond, Virginia, 
Virginia Morgan, born in Richmond, \^ir- 
ginia, in 1852. She was reared and educated 
in Richmond, attending the girls' schools of 
Miss Jessie Gordon and Miss Mary Pegram, 
both famous institutions of learning. She 
was particularly fond of the classics of Eng- 
lish literature and music, and was prepared 
for the Leipsic Conservatoire of Music. She 
is a member of the Episcopal church ; a 
member of the Monday Afternoon Club, of 
Richmond, was appointed its first president 
and served for three years : charter member 
of Woman's Club, of Richmond, served as 
secretary for two years ; member of Holly- 
wood Memorial Association (Confederate) 
of Richmond, and in 1896 edited their pam- 
phlet, "Our Confederate Dead" : member of 
the Confederate Memorial Literary Society, 
in charge of the Confederate Museum ; was 
its recording secretary from 1900 to 1907, in- 
clusive, and its corresponding secretary, 191 1 
to 1913, inclusive, and chairman of its sites 
committee for six years ; member of Rich- 
mond Chapter, Virginia Division, United 
Daughters of Confederacy, many years ; 
member of Lee Chapter, Virginia Division, 
United Daughters of Confederacy, of Rich- 



mond, at present time ( 1914) : served as his- 
torian-general of Ifnited Daughters of Con- 
federacy, 1908-11, inclusive, and \vhile hold- 
ing this office she originated the plan for 
creating a United Daughters Confederate 
Library in every division (state) organiza- 
tion ; is corresponding secretary of Confed- 
erate Southern Memorial Association, head- 
quarters in New Orleans, and was assigned 
to the special work of this association to re- 
store the name of Jefferson Davis to the 
Cabin John Bridge, \\'ashington, D. C, and 
she edited "The Restoration of the Name of 
Jtfterson" (to the Cabin Bridge) containing 
the official correspondence, Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, 1909: member of the Association for 
the Preservation of \'irginia Antiquities, 
headquarters in Richmond, of which she 
has been corresponding secretary for four- 
teen years ; chairman of Year Book, 1900-08, 
edited the Year Books 1900-01. and 1904, the 
(jnly ones published during her incumbency. 
Children of John Enders and \^irginia (Mor- 
gan) Robinson : Morgan Poitiaux, of whom 
more hereafter ; John Enders. born July 26, 
1878, in Richmond: a locomotive engineer, 
married Ruby ^^'right. and has one child, 
Alcinda Morgan, born January 14, 1910. 

Mrs. \'irginia (Morgan) Robinson de- 
scends from David Morgan, son of Colonel 
]\Iorgan Morgan, the emigrant, who built 
Morgan's (Bunker Hill) Chapel, Newborne 
parish, \'irginia (now West Virginia). 
David ^Morgan was one of the first settlers 
on the Monongahela river, west of the Alle- 
gheny mountains. The Morgans moved to 
the region now known as Monongalia 
county. West ^^irginia, probably from one 
of the eastern counties of Pennsylvania, but 
the date of their settlement is unknown. As 
early as 1778 A\^illiam Morgan, Da\id Mor- 
gan, Hugh Morgan and Patrick Morgan, 
presumably of the same family, migrated 
there. Patrick Morgan was killed by the 
Indians, who were very troublesome at that 
time. The Morgans were all noted Indian 
fighters, and David Morgan is said to have 
slain seven Indians in personal combats. In 
1779, according to reports, he single-handed 
slew two Indians who attacked him. 

His combat with the Indians whom he 
slew came about in an effort to save two of 
his children, Stephen and Sarah, from their 
fiendish hands, and was due to a remarkable 
dream just before the occurrence mentioned. 
One morning early in April, 1779, he sent 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



83 



the two children to feed some stock at his 
cabin some half mile from Fort Prickett, 
where the family took refuge, he being un- 
well at the time, due to previous illness. He 
fell asleep and dreamed that he saw the 
children walking before him scalped by In- 
dians ; in alarm he awoke and found that 
they had not returned, so he took his gun 
and went in search of them ; on coming near 
the place he saw them busily engaged in 
some work, and without his presence 
known, he sat down near them. Presently 
he was startled to see two Indian warriors 
stealing upon them. In the fight that fol- 
lowed he shot one Indian, mortally wound- 
ing him before the}- reached him, and clos- 
ing with the other one in a desperate en- 
counter, finally stabbing the Indian with his 
own knife. Exhausted and wounded, he 
made his way to the nearby fort. A monu- 
ment was erected on the spot of Morgan's 
fight, near Rivesville, W^est Virginia, which 
was unveiled, September 25, 1906. 

Stephen Morgan, the son, was born Oc- 
tober 14, T761, in Frederick county, Virginia, 
and was therefore al^out seventeen years 
old when the above mentioned occurrence 
took place in 1779; his sister, Sarah Morgan, 
was perhaps fourteen years old ; their 
father was then upwards of sixty, and much 
weakened from prior illness lasting several 
weeks. Stephen Morgan married Sarah 
Somerville, daughter of Joseph Somerville, 
ot Berkeley county (now West Virginia). 
She was born there, January 11, 1770, and 
was the mother of eight children : Charles 
Stephen, of whom more hereafter ; Henry 
Stephen, a twin, born June 4, 1779: WW- 
liam Stephen, born September 7, iSoi ; 
Elizabeth Stephen, born August 24, 1803: 
Ann, born May 22, 1806; Rudds, born July 
30, 1811; Albert, born January 30, 1813; 
George Pinckney, born August zt,. 1820. 

Charles Stephen Morgan was born June 
4, 1799, on a farm near the present Mor- 
gantown, West Virginia, died FelDruary 15. 
1859, in Richmond, \'irginia. He was a 
member of the ^^irginia house of delegates, 
1820-23; member of the senate, 1823-32; 
member of reform convention of 1829-30; 
superintendent of Virginia penitentiary, 
1832 to 1859, the year of his death. He mar- 
ried. May 12, 1833, Alcinda Gibson Moss, 
born August 28, 1811, died December 15, 
1880. Children: Alcinda, Charles Stephen, 
Stephen Elisha, \\'illiam de Cliflford, Ilenry 



Lee, a son who died soon after birth, and 
\Mrginia, heretofore mentioned. 

(IX) Morgan Poitiaux Robinson, son of 
John Enders and Virginia (Morgan) Rob- 
inson, was born February 11, 1876, in Rich- 
mond, Virginia. He attended Mrs. Camm's 
private school in Richmond from 1885 to 
1888; McGuire's school from 1888 to 1894; 
Flarvard University summer schools of 
1894, and the University of Virginia from 
1894 to 1897, and again from 1902 to 1910. 
He received the following degrees, to wit : 
B. A. (1905). M. A. (1908"), B. L. (1910), all 
from the University of \^irginia. The in- 
terim from 1897 to 1902 was spent as an in- 
valid from a severe football accident at his 
home in Richmond. From 1908 to 1914 he 
engaged in the practice of law at Richmond, 
and since February, 1914, has been historian 
for the war and navy departments, stationed 
at Richmond, to ascertain the whereabouts 
of all original records, both military and 
naval, relating to the American revolution- 
ary war, 1775 to 1783. This is a matter of 
great importance to historical students, 
librarians, institutions of learning, patriotic 
societies, and all persons interested in their 
country's struggle for independence. It is 
believed that many such records are in the 
hands of private owners as well as in official 
archives and libraries. It is not desired to 
purchase these papers, but to obtain a com- 
plete list of them and their location, with a 
view to publication. Information in regard 
to all such papers will help complete the 
record of Virginia's part in the revolution. 
Archivist of Virginia State Library. Janu- 
ary, 1915. 

From 1892 to 1894, Mr. Robinson served as 
private in the Ashby Light Horse, Troop 
G, First Regiment of Cavalry, Virginia Vol- 
unteers, and in 1894 became one of the char- 
ter members of Company B, Richmond 
Light Infantry Blues, of Virginia militia. 
He is a Democrat in politics, and takes an 
active interest in local affairs. He is a 
member of Grace Protestant Episcopal 
Church of Richmond, \'irginia. He is a 
member of the following professional, his- 
torical and patriotic organizations and 
clubs : American Bar Association ; Virginia 
State Bar Association, and a member of its 
membership committee ; National Geo- 
graphic Society ; American Historical Asso- 
ciation, and a member of its general com- 
mittee ; American Political Science Associa- 



84 



MRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



tion : Association for the Preservation of 
Virginia Antiquities, and a member of its 
advisory board ; Confederate Memorial Lit- 
erary Society (Confederate Museum, Rich- 
mond, Virginia") ; Southern Historical So- 
ciety ; Virginia Historical Society, and a 
member of its executive committee ; Vir- 
ginia Society of Sons of the Revolution ; 
Westmoreland Club and Business Men's 
Club, of Richmond ; and is a member of the 
following fraternal organizations of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia : Alpha Tau Omega, na- 
tional : Delta Chi, national ; Theta Nu Ep- 
silon, national : the Skull and Keys Society, 
local; the O. F. C. Society, local; the "Z", 
local; the T. I. L. K. A. Society, local, and 
was the founder of the Lambda Pi, academic 
fraternity (local). He is the author of "A 
Map Showing Virginia Antiquities," pub- 
lished in 1901 ; '"The Evolution of Mason 
and Dixon Line" (pamphlet), published in 
1902; "The liurning of the Rotunda," Uni- 
versity of \'irginia (pamphlet), published 
in 1Q05 ; "Concerning the Boyson Essay and 
its Defence," (pamphlet) published in 1909; 
and "A Complete Index to Stith's History 
of Virginia," published in 1912. He resides 
at No. 1 13 South Third street, Richmond, 
Virginia. 

Richard Lee Simpson, D. D. S. Dr. Rich- 
ard Lee Simpson, the noted dental surgeon 
of Richmond, Virginia, who has achieved 
a reputation which would do honor to a 
man greatly his senior in point of years, is 
still a comparatively young man. He is, 
however, one of that class of men who know 
the value of time, and never allow a minute 
to pass vmused. This was a trait which 
characterized him from early youth, and its 
cultivation has enabled him to accomplish 
seemingly impossible amounts of work. 

J. Charlton Simpson, his father, was of 
Scotch-Irish descent, a builder by occupa- 
tion, and made an especial study of mathe- 
matics and mechanics. He married Sarah 
Elizabeth Backensto, who was of Spanish 
descent, and died at an early age. Mrs. J. 
F. Hickok took charge of Dr. Simpson after 
the death of his mother, and to her loving 
care and training Dr. Simpson gives credit 
for any success which he has attained. 

Richard Lee Simpson, D. D. S., was born 
in Fincastle. Botetourt county, Virginia, 
April 21, 1873. His education was acquired 
at public and private schools in his native 



town, and this he supplemented by home 
study and diligent reading, being more fond 
o*" books than of sports which would take 
him from them. Drawing, wood-carving 
and the invention of little mechanical de- 
vices also absorbed much of his time and 
attention during his boyhood days. In 1889 
he became a student at the preparatory 
school, Montvale, Virginia, conducted by 
Professor Charles B. Tate, being graduated 
from this in 1891, and receiving a scholar- 
ship which enabled him to attend the Wash- 
ington and Lee University, at Lexington, 
\'irginia, 1891 and 1892, and there he dis- 
tinguished himself by his work in the Latin 
and Physiological departments. He next 
taught school for one year at Laymantown. 
\'irginia, and from 1893 to 1896 studied in 
the dental department of the University of 
Maryland, at Baltimore. In the seven prize 
contests open to him at this institution he 
carried off three first prizes and three sec- 
ond prizes, one of them being for the highest 
class standing in a class of fifty-four mem- 
bers. 

Immediately after his graduation Dr. 
Simpson established himself in the practice 
of his profession in Fincastle, at the same 
time continuing his studies along this line in 
an earnest and practical manner. By means 
of papers, clinics, and discussions before 
various dental associations in the United 
States and Canada, he aroused and stimu- 
lated interest in dental problems. Many of 
his papers have been published and have had 
a wide circulation, and are regarded as 
authoritative. One of them was translated 
and published in a French magazine, in 
Paris, and one at Rio De Janiero, Brazil. In 
1903 Dr. Simpson was elected a member of 
the Virginia State Board of Dental Hxam- 
iners, and filled that office until 1905, wheri 
he was chosen professor of dental surgery, 
crown and bridge work, in the University 
College of Medicine, at Richmond, now the 
Medical College of \^irginia, and at the pres- 
ent time (1915) is filling the chair of clinical 
dentistry. Dr. Simpson was instrumental 
in re-organizing the LIniversity College of 
Medicine School of Dentistry, and when this 
was consolidated with the Medical College 
of Virginia in 1913, he was elected chairman 
(dean) of the School of Dentistry, and con- 
tinues to hold that ofifice. At the centennial 
of Maryland University in 1907, the honor- 
ary degree of Master of Arts was conferred 



\] RGI X I A BIOGR A PHY 



85 



on Dc Simpson by that institution. He has 
devoted much time and study to experi- 
mental tests of the physical properties of 
dental metals, and the physical laws which 
govern dental structures, both artificial and 
natural. In the line of invention Dr. Simp- 
son has also done notable work, among the 
most important of his inventions being the 
following : A composite crown pin ; a sys- 
tem of chisels and pluggers ; a gold casting 
device; a system of crowning teeth, known 
as .Simpson's hood abutment; a method for 
making anatomically banded crowns (the 
hat brim method ) ; a method for overcoming 
the spheroiding of molten gold ; a method 
for making anatomically perfect shell 
crowns ; and a method for making accurate 
saddle-bridges. His lectures and clinics 
have been given in Connecticut, Massachu- 
setts. Pennsylvania, Maryland, District of 
Columbia, Virginia, North Carolina, South 
Carolina. Ala1)ama, Ohio, Missouri, Canada. 

Dr. Simpson was ordained a deacon in the 
Presbyterian church in Fincastle in 1897, 
serving in this office until 1905, when he 
removed to Richmond, and is now an elder 
in the Second Presbyterian Church in that 
city, and a member of the state committee 
of the Layman's Missionary Movement. In 
political matters he is a Democrat. He is a 
member of the Masonic fraternity ; the Xi 
Psi Phi fraternity ; Richmond City Dental 
Society ; Virginia State Dental Association, 
of which he was president, having been ac- 
tive in the interests of this organization 
from the time he commenced the practice 
of dentistry ; National Dental Association ; 
Virginia Chemists' Club ; an honorary 
member of the North Carolina Dental So- 
ciety ; was one of the organizers of the 
Southwest Virginia Dental Society, and its 
first secretary and treasurer ; member of the 
.American Institute of Dental Teachers, and 
National Association of Dental Faculties. 
He is a staunch advocate of high standards 
of education and practice in his profession. 

Dr. Simpson married, February 28, 1901, 
(iulielma Walker, daughter of Dr. William 
T. and Fannie (Holladay) \A'alker. of 
Lynchburg, 

Ramon David Garcin, M, D. The Garcins 
came from Normandy in France about 1794, 
settling in the West Indies. They were 
distinguished in the professions of the law 
and medicine and were prosperous and well- 



to-do as a family. The first of the name to 
come to the United States was Ramon Gar- 
cin, father of Dr. Ramon D. (jarcin, of Rich- 
mond, who came from Cuba in 1858, settling 
ir. Powhatan county, Virginia. He was a 
manufacturer, a man of quick decision and 
firmness of character. He was born in Bar- 
celona, Spain, November 22, 1830, died April 
30, 1909, son of Debarreras Garcin, who died 
in 1845, 3-"fl his wife, Josephine Ponce de 
Leon, born in Madrid, Spain. Ramon Gar- 
cin married Margaret Thomas, daughter of 
David and Mary (Lewis) Thomas, a de- 
scendent of the Thomas family of Pennsyl- 
vania, whose founder came from Wales to 
that state a century and a half ago. 

Ramon David Garcin, son of Ramon and 
Margaret (Thomas) Garcin, was born at 
Powhatan Court House, Virginia, Septem- 
ber 19, 1867. He secured a good ])repara- 
•tory education and although he had diffi- 
culties to surmount, overcame them all and 
after graduation from Richmond high 
school, entered South Carolina College, 
whence he was graduated A. I!., the Medical 
College of \'irginia, M. D. class of 1886, the 
medical department of the University of 
New York City, M. D., 1887. His progress 
through these institutions and his progress 
through life has been aided by a well 
selected course of reading, professional and 
historical and by the best authors in general 
literature. The profession of medicine was 
his own choice but when thoroughly pre- 
pared he listened to his parents' advice and 
decided upon Richmond as a location. He 
began practice in that city in 1889 and has 
just rounded out a quarter of a century of 
successful professional life and efficient pub- 
lic service. For twenty of those years he 
has been a member of the city board of 
health and is a member of Richmond Acad- 
emy of Medicine and Surgery, a society of 
which he is an honored ex-president. He 
has a large practice in both the medical and 
surgical branches of his profession and is 
surgeon to the \'irginia Masonic Home and 
the Richmond. Rappahannock River Rail- 
road Company. He is highly regarded by 
his professional brethren in his own city, 
and through membership in the New York 
Academy of Medicine is well known to the 
profession in that city. He has contributed 
numerous articles on various subjects to the 
medical journals that have been well re- 
ceived, is an interested eager searcher for 



86 



\'IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



greater kimwledge and keeps himself ever 
in close touch with the discoveries of others, 
whether it be prevention, cure or operation. 
He is thoroughly modern and is very suc- 
cessful in his practice. Dr. Garcin has ac- 
quired important business interests in Rich- 
mond, although his profession has received 
his greatest attention. He is a director of 
the Church Hill Bank Bank of Commerce 
and Trusts, a director of the German Alutual 
liuilding and Loan Association and has 
other minor interests. He is a member of 
the Business Men's Club, Appa Kappa 
Kappa fraternity, is a communicant of the 
Baptist church and in politics is a Demo- 
crat. 

Dr. Garcin married, April i. 1893. ^lary 
Edmonia Jackson, daughter of J. Tyler 
Jackson, and a granddaughter of Spencer 
and Antoinette ( Richardson ) Jackson, of 
Fairfax county, \'irginia. Children: Ramon 
David (2), now a student at Richmond Col- 
lege ; Emma Anderson, a student at Rich- 
mond Woman's College ; Lyne, a student at 
Richmond .\cademy. Dr. Garcin exempli- 
fies in his own career the value of ambition 
rightly directed, perseverance until the goal 
is reached, punctuality in business or pro- 
fessional engagements and honesty in all 
life's dealings, large or small. To these 
qualities must be added pleasing person- 
ality, sympathy and a genuine love for his 
fellowmen and among his large clientele 
are many who beneath the impersonal atti- 
tude of the physician see the anxious solici- 
tude of the friend. 

John Garland Pollard. The Pollard fam- 
ily of Virginia appears to have first settled 
at "Mount Zoar," in King and Queen 
county, Virginia, in the early part of the 
eighteenth century. Members of this fam- 
ily intermarried with the Dandridges, Ed- 
wards and Spottswoods ; and the family his- 
tory includes many distinguished names in 
Virginia and elsewhere in the United 
States. It has been said that King and 
Queen county, Virginia, contains many 
relics of old colonial days, but none so inter- 
esting as the old homesteads of the Clai- 
bornes, Braxtons, Dandridges, Edwards, 
Avletts, Langbornes. Pollards and others, 
all of which ha\e their own peculiar features 
and traditions of that time. In those old 
mansions a former generation lived in lordly 
manner, and entertained those who came to 



their door with lavish hospitality. Man\- of 
those old residences have decayed and dis- 
appeared, while others are in ruins, but 
here and there some few of those old build- 
ings have been preserved with zealous care 
to the present time. The glory of those old 
"Barons of the Pamunkey and of the Matta- 
pony" has passed away, but their descend- 
ants of the twentieth century still cling to 
the fond tradition of that long ago, and are 
still noted for their geniality and personal 
integrity of character. 

(I) Joseph Pollard, the earliest known 
ancestor, was born probably in King and 
Queen count}-, \ irginia, in 1701, and died 
December 26, 1791, presumably in Gooch- 
land county, Virginia, aged nearly ninety- 
one years. A great-grandson, John Pollard 
Sr., records that his own father, Joseph Pol- 
lard, son of William Pollard, sometime clerk 
of Hanover county, told him that Joseph 
Pollard moved from King and Queen county 
to Goochland county in 1754, when he was 
sixty-seven years of age. According to the 
Pollard family records, made by John Pol- 
lard Sr., this Joseph Pollard married Pris- 
cilla Hoomes, of Caroline county. Virginia, 
who died July 26, 1795. aged "above 91" 
vears. They had nine children, seven girls 
and two boys, namely: i. Sarah, born May 

4, 1725, married, June 20, 1743, Judge Ed- 
nmnd Pendleton, first president of the Vir- 
ginia supreme court of appeals, who died 
October 26, 1803, in his eighty-third year: 
she survived him and was living in 1814, 
then in her ninetieth year. 2. William, of 
whom further. 3. Anne, born February 22, 
1732, married a ^Ir. Taylor, and had an only 
son, John Taylor, author, United States 
senator, and colonel in the revolutionary 
war: she was living in 1814 in her eighty- 
third year. 4. Elizabeth, born October, 1736, 
married a Mr. Merriwether, had issue, and 
was living in 1814 in her se\'enty-sixth year. 

5. .\ daughter, who married a Mr. Watkins, 
but had no issue. 6. Thomas, born Sep- 
tember 30. 1741, resided in Kentucky, and 
was "nearly y^)' i" 1814, when he visited 
\'irginia, and this record was made. 7. Jane, 
l)orn May 26, 1744, married (firsC) Mr. Dan- 
dridge, (second) Thomas Underwood, and 
was living "in her 71st year'' in Hanover 
county, \'irginia. 8. Milly (Priscilla), born 
Mav 12, 1747, married Colonel Edmund 
Pendleton, a nephew of Judge Edmund 
Pendleton, and in 1814 was "in her fi8th 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



87 



year," and "now lives within two miles of 
her sisters." 9. "Another" (daughter), mar- 
ried a Mr. Rogers, of Spottsylvania county. 
A^irginia. and left issue, two children, a 
(laughter and a son, the latter, Thomas 
Rogers, being sometime a clerk under 
Thomas and William Pollard. The daugh- 
ter married an Underwood, and was the 
mother of Joseph Underwood. United States 
senator from Kentucky, and ancestor of 
Oscar Under\vood. now United States sena- 
tor from Alabama. .\s Milly or Priscilla 
Pollard was reported to be the youngest of 
the children, this last mentioned daughter is 
supposed to have been born about 1734 or 
earlier. 

(II) William Pollard, son of Joseph and 
Priscilla (Hoomes) Pollard, was born in 
1730 (?), probably in Goochland count}-, 
^'irginia. and settled in Hanover count}-. 
\'irginia, where he was clerk. Johnston's 
"Memorials of Old Virginia Clerks," says: 
"William Pollard was clerk of Hanover 
from 1740 to 1781, and William Pollard Jr. 
(who married the widow of Lyme Shackel- 
ford) was clerk from 1781 to 1829." He 
married a Miss Anderson, of Hanover, and 
had ten children, five sons and five daugh- 
ters. 

(HI) Joseph (2) Pollard, the great- 
grandfather of John Garland Pollard, was 

the son of William and (Anderson) 

Pollard, and was born in Hanover county. 
Virginia. He was a soldier in the revolu- 
tionary war: in an alphabetical "List of 
Revolutionary Soldiers of \'irginia"' there 
are two Joseph Pollards mentioned, viz : 
Joseph Pollard, of King and Queen county. 
Virginia, whose name appears in a "Report 
from the Secretary of \\'ar in relation to the 
Pension Establishment of the United 
States." A'olume II.. Washington, 1835; and 
Joseph Pollard, in Safli'd's "Records of the 
Revolutionary \\'ar." 272, published 1858, 
in New York; however, it is possible that 
these may both refer to the same per- 
son. Joseph Pollard married Catherine 
Robinson, daughter of John Robinson, 
of Hanover county, Virginia, who was 
the son of the Robinson, who was speaker 
of the house of burgesses : and he the son of 
John Robinson, president of the council, and 
a son of Christopher Robinson, who came 
from England, and settled in Middlesex 
county, Virginia, in 1664; and the last men- 
tioned a brother of John Robinson, bishop 



of London, who was a plenipotentiary at the 
Congress of Utrecht. Issue of Joseph and 
Catherine (Robinson) Pollard, four sons: 
Edmund. William. John, of whom further. 
Joseph. 

(I\') John Pollard, son of Joseph (2) and 
Catherine (Robinson) Pollard, was born 
July 14. 1803, in Goochland county, Vir- 
ginia. He was a lawyer, a man of integrity 
and industry, who filled some of the most 
important offices in his county ; he was a 
Whig before the civil war. and a Democrat 
thereafter ; but on account of advanced age 
did not take part in that struggle. He died 
September 13, 1877, in King and Queen 
county. \'irginia. He married Juliet Jeffries, 
daughter of Thomas Jeffries, a successful 
merchant of King and Queen county, Vir- 
ginia, and the sister of Judge James Jeffries, 
of the same county. Children of John and 
Juliet (Jeffries) Pollard: i. John, of whom 
further. 2. James, a lawyer of Baltimore, 
Maryland. 3. Henry R., city attorney of 
Richmond. \'iiginia. 4. Robert N., a lawyer 
in King and Queen county, Virginia. 5. 
Mary Elizabeth, married Philip T. Wood- 
ward, clerk of Middlesex county, Virginia. 
0. Sue. married R. H. Woodward. 7. Sarah, 
married the Rev. Alfred Bagby, D. 1). 

(V) Rev. John (2) Pollard, son of John 
(i) and Juliet (Jeffries) Pollard, was born 
November 17, 1839, in King and Queen 
county. Virginia, and died July 14. 191 1, at 
the home of his son. John Garland Pollard, 
at Ginter Park, Henrico county, Virginia. 
He was educated in the local schools of his 
native county and at the Columbian Uni- 
versity of Washington. D. C., from which 
he graduated as A. B. in i860, and A. M. 
in 1861, also as D. D. in 1877. He was tutor 
in 1860-61. and later a minister of the Bap- 
tist church ; pastor in Baltimore, Maryland, 
from 1870 to 1880, and president of the 
Mar} land Union /Association from 1874-76; 
pastor in Richmond. Virginia, from 1880- 
1886, and president of the State Mission 
Board from 1882-84 ; vice-president of the 
National Temperance Society ; and was pro- 
fessor of English language and literature 
from 1886- 1 90 1 ; also was a member of the 
Modern Language .Association, the Amer- 
ican Historical Association, and of the 
American Philologian Association. 

He married Virginia Bagby. daughter of 
John Bagby. a merchant, on the loth day 
of July. 1861, in King and Queen county. 



88 



\IRGIMA BIOGRAPHY 



Virginia, and had nine children, namely: i. 
Mary E., born August 22, 1862, married G. 
Harvey Clarke, of Richmond. Virginia. 2. 
Edward Fjagby, born October 9, 1864: min- 
ister, author nnd scholar, also A. M., Ph. 
D., and D. D., is professor at the Crozer 
Theological Seminary at Chester, Pennsyl- 
vania. 3. Juliet, born September 22, 1866, 
married J. W. Wills, of Atlanta, Georgia. 
4. Bessie G.. born November 30, 186S, mar- 
ried Millard E. Cox, of Louisville. Ken- 
tucky. 5. John (Jarland, of whom further. 
6. .\nnie Claude, born November 17, 1874. 
married Robert Lee Turman. of Atlanta. 
Georgia. 7. Lalla Rookh, born May 28, 
1879, married O. P. Smoot, of Rowling 
Green, Virginia. 8. Susie Virginia, born 
May 2;^. 1882, died August 25, 1936. unmar- 
ried. 9. Grace Nelson, born October 28. 
1883, married Rev. Robert H. McCaslin. D. 
D., of Montgomerv. .\labama. 

(VI) John Garland Pollard, son of Rev. 
John (2) and Virginia ( Bagby) Pollard, was 
born August 4. 1871. in King and Oueen 
county, Virginia. He was educated in the 
local schools, at the Richmond (\'irginia) 
College, and at the Columbian L'niversity of 
Washington, D. C. from which last named 
institution he graduated in 1893 with the 
LL. B. degree. He began the practice of 
law in the same year at Richmond. Virginia, 
and has continued actively in the profession 
since that time. 

In politics Mr. Pollard is a Democrat, and 
has long been identified in local and state 
political affairs. He was a member of the 
Virginia State Constitutional Convention in 
1901-02, in which he was a representative 
from Richmond ; was presidential elector on 
the Democratic ticket in 1904, and served as ' 
chairman of the Virginia Commi.ssion of 
Uniform State Laws. He was editor of the 
.Annotated Code of \'irginia in 1904. and 
editor of the "Law Register" from 1904 to 
1906. He has also been mayor of (Jinter 
Park, a suburb of Richmond. In 1913 he 
was elected attorney-general of the state of 
Virginia. 

Mr. I'oUard was sometiine president of 
the Capitol Savings Bank of Richmond, and 
director of the Bank of Commerce and 
Trusts, also of the National Bank of \'ir- 
ginia. In 191 3 he was director of the Old 
Dominion Trust Company, of the Central 
National ISank. and of the Schmelz Broth- 
ers, Bankers, Incorporated, at Richmond. 



\irginia. He is a member of the Beta 
Theta Pi and the Phi Beta Kappa, Greek 
letter college fraternities ; member of the 
local Blue Lodge. Ancient Free and Accep- 
ted Masons; of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows and of the Royal Arcanum. 
In religion he attends the Baptist church at 
Richmond. \'irginia. 

He married Grace Phillips, the loth day 
of August. 1898, at Portsmouth, X'irginia. 
She was born May 5. 1873, in Elizabeth City 
county, \'irginia, and was the daughter of 
Captain Charles T. Phillips, clerk of the 
courts at Portsmouth, Virginia. Issue of 
John Garland and Grace (Phillips) Pollard: 
Garland, born November 15. 1901, in Rich- 
mond. Virginia ; Charles Phillips, born No- 
vember 13, 1903, in the same city; Susie 
X'irginia, born .August 30, 1906, in Rich- 
mond, \'irginia. 

Marshall M. Gilliam. The antecedents of 
Marshall M. (iilliam are by tradition said to 
be of Norman origin. The name was an- 
ciently spelled Gillaume. from which its 
m.odern form has been derived. It is said 
that three brothers. John, William and Rob- 
ert Gilliam, emigrated to Virginia about 
1680, from England. John Gilliam settled 
at "Puddledock." Prince George county, 
then in Charles City cftunty, and married 
Ann Bathurst by whom he had issue: i. 
Robert, married Lucy Skelton, heiress of 
"Elk Island."' Hanover county, Virginia. 2. 
William, married Christine, daughter of 
Richard and Christina (Robertson) Eppes, 
of City Point, \"irginia. 3. John, born in 
1712, married Jane, daughter of Rev. Pat- 
rick Henry, of St. George's parish, who was 
an uncle of the famous orator. 4. Jane, mar- 
ried Charles Duncan, a merchant of "Ros- 
lin," Chesterfield county. 5. Anne, the sec- 
ond wife of Nathaniel Harrison, of "Berk- 
ely." Charles City county. \'irginia. How- 
ever, it is probable that the three brothers 
first alluded to were the three brothers of 
this particular family, whom by popular 
myth and in the haze of time, were confused 
with the original emigrant ancestor. 

From these three brothers. Robert. Wil- 
liam and John Gilliam, have sprung many 
persons who bear the Gilliam name in \'ir- 
ginia. at the present time. Their descend- 
ants are to be found in Charles City. Prince 
George. Dinwiddle. Buckingham. Henrico 
and other counties in A'irginia : and the fam- 




?^'Ul^<t'^^^\J)ljf't^UcUH^ 



THE NEW YORK: 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



ASrVK, LCN«X 
TILBSN FOU.VDaTI1?W« 



\1RG1XIA BIOGRAPHY 



89 



ily has produced many men of eminence in 
the state. John Gilliam, a descendant, lived 
at Osceola, Buckingham county, Virginia : 
he was famous as a "peace maker" in the 
community where he lived : and was a 
planter of large estate, who had inherited 
lands from his ancestors. It is said large 
tracts of land were given to his progenitor 
for services rendered to the English govern- 
ment in settling territorial disputes with the 
Indians. He married Judith Robertson, and 
had children: \\'illiam. Wilson, John Rob- 
ertson, Madison, Martha and Frances. 

John Robertson Gilliam, son of John and 
Judith (Robertson) Gilliam, was born in 
1807 at Osceola, Buckingham county. Vir- 
ginia. He was a farmer in his native county, 
and conducted that Inisiness on an exten- 
sive scale ; was a life-long church member 
and for many years an elder in the Presby- 
terian church. y\r. Gilliam was twice mar- 
ried, bv his first marriage he became the 
father of two children: John William, a 
soldier in the Confederate army, and Mar- 
garet. In 1835 he married (second) Martha 
H. (ATarshall) Anderson, daughter of John 
Marshall, a prominent farmer of Charlotte 
county, Virginia. She was born in 1808, in 
Charlotte county. Virginia, and died in i860, 
in Buckingham county, the same state. By 
her first marriage to Mr. Anderson she had 
two children : Sarah E., and Charles D. An- 
derson, who was an officer in the Eighteenth 
Regiment Virginia Infantry. Issue of John 
Robertson and Martha H. (Marshall-An- 
derson) Gilliam: Pattie H.. born 1837, in 
Buckingham county, \'irginia ; Marshall M., 
of whom further. 

Marshall M. Gilliam, son of John Robert- 
son and Martha H. (Marshall-Anderson) 
Gilliam, was born December 10. 1844, at Os- 
ceola, Buckingham c(iunty, \'irginia. He at- 
tended elementary schools in his native 
county during the early period of his educa- 
tion ; and then studied at Hampden-Sidney 
College, in Prince Edward county, Virginia, 
from which he graduated in 1859 as A. B. He 
spent a year or so in travel and study until 
the opening of the civil war, and in 1861 
went to the Eighteenth Virginia Regiment 
on a visit to his brother, who was an officer 
in that regiment ; returned to Buckingham 
county and enlisted in Company K, Fourth 
Virginia Cavalry, known as Jeb Stewart's 
cavalry, and served in that branch of the 
Confederate armv throughout the war. The 



cavalry company above mentioned was or- 
ganized in Buckingham county by Captain 
P. W. McKinney who was afterward gov- 
ernor of Virginia. The company was in 
General Stewart's cavalry raid around Mc- 
Clellan's army below Richmond, in the sum- 
mer of 1862; it was also in the movement 
tb.at flanked Meade's right wing at Gettys- 
burg, July 2. 1862, and Private Gilliam par- 
ticipated in those two and other raids, skir- 
mishes and battles of Stewart's cavalry until 
the end of the war. When Lee surrendered 
at Appomattox, he escaped through the Fed- 
eral lines, and joined General Joseph E. 
Johnston's army in North Carolina, and 
after the surrender to Genera! Sherman, he 
brought back to their owners eighty-five 
horses and mules which had been taken 
from \'irginia. After the close of the war, 
Mr. Gilliam entered the University of Vir- 
ginia in 1865. where he studied law in con- 
nection with certain special studies in the 
academic department ; and graduated as LL. 
B in 1867. In 1868 he went to Richmond, 
\'irginia, where he engaged in the practice 
of law which has been continued since that 
time. In 1869 at the solicitation of Colonel 
John H. (iuy. one of the most distinguished 
lawyers in Virginia, a partnership was 
formed under the firm name of Guy & Gil- 
liam, which lasted until Mr. Guy's death in 
1886: and since its dissolution, Mr. Gilliam 
has continued to practice law alone, in Rich- 
mond, \'irginia. 

Marshall M. Gilliam married (first) De- 
cember I. 1870, in Richmond, \^irginia, 
Mary Roche Hoge, daughter of Rev. Moses 
Drury and Susan Morton (Wood) Hoge. 
She was born February 7, 1847, in Rich- 
mond, died there in March, 1902. She was 
descended from the Hoge family of Rich- 
mond. Her father, Moses Drury Hoge, D. 
D., was pastor of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Richmond for fifty-four years. 
Mr. Gilliam married (second) in Richmond. 
November 13, 1906, Emma S. Stewart, 
daughter of John W. and Mary Wilson 
(Sherrard) Stewart. She was born in 185 1 
in Jerrardstown, \^irginia ; and her father. 
John W. Stewart, was a large dealer in to- 
bacco, at .\lexandria, Virginia. 

Issue of Mr. Gilliam by first wife : i. Hoge, 
born September 4, 1872, in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia : educated at Sampson's school near 
the University of Virginia ; married Edith 
L. Rossman, January 17, 1900. 2. Mary 



90 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



Marshall, born February ii, 1874. in Rich- 
mond, \'irginia ; was educated at Miss >\Iary 
Baldwin's school, Staunton. Virginia ; mar- 
ried, November 21. 1901. at Richmond, Cole- 
man Wortham ; and has three children : Cole- 
man W'ortham Jr.. Mary Hoge Wortham. 
Anne Scott Wortham. 3. Marshall Madi- 
son, born September 12. 1878. died July 2, 
1879, at Richmond, \'irginia. 

Mr. Gilliam and his family are ruembers 
<■){ the Second Presbyterian Church of Rich- 
mond. He has been an elder of that church 
since 1875, also clerk of its session ; was 
superintendent of the Sunday school thirty- 
three years, and is generally an active 
church worker. He was president of the 
Ginter Park Residents' Association for sev- 
eral years. \\'hile at the University of Vir- 
ginia. 1865-67, he was a member of the 
Washington Society, also served as its presi- 
dent ; and was a member of the Sigma Alpha 
Epsilon, Greek letter fraternity there ; is 
now a member of the Westmoreland Club 
at Richmond. \'irginia. 

Ernest A. Hoen. While American in- 
genuity and inventiveness have gained for 
the citizens of the United States a wide- 
spread reputation, these faculties have fre- 
C|uently been advantageously supplemented 
by the sterling worth of the traits inherent in 
the natives of other countries, who have 
come to these shores. This has notably 
been the case with the inhabitants of Cier- 
many, whose careful attention to detail and 
deliberate care in whatever they undertake 
cannot be overestimated. A case in point 
is the Hoen family, of Richmond. Virginia, 
and Baltimore. ^Maryland, an admirable rep- 
resentative of which. Ernest A. Hoen. of 
Richmond. Virginia, the first American born 
of the family, has recently passed away. 
August, Berthold and Ernest Hoen. and 
their cousin, Henry Hoen, were the original 
emigrants who came to America in 1832 and 
located in Baltimore. 

Ernest A. Hoen was born in Ijaltimore. 
Maryland, in 1851, died at Atlantic City, 
New Jersey, in April. 1914. having gone to 
that resort with the hope that the change of 
climate and surroundings would be of bene- 
fit to his impaired health. That hope was 
futile, for an attack of pneumonia suddenly 
ended his life. Mr. Hoen acquired excellent 
advantages in the schools in his native citv. 
and these he supplemented throughout his 



life by wide and diversified reading. He was 
a musician of marked ability, and enter- 
tained an ardent love for music of a high 
standard. As a business men his reputation 
was unassailable. The firm of A. Hoen & 
Company, which was established by his 
father, August Hoen, is the oldest and one 
ot the large lithographing plants of the 
country. After completing his studies at 
Loyola College, Ernest A. Hoen became as- 
sociated with his father in the conduct of 
this important enterprise, which had been 
established in 1835. In 1876 a branch was 
established at Richmond. \'irginia, and this 
was placed in charge of Ernest A. Hoen. 
who was the active supervising head until 
his death. In some instances this business 
house has done some of the most important 
work of this kind ever performed in this 
country. The firm was founded by Edward 
^^'eber and August Hoen, under the firm 
name of Edward \\'eber & Company, and in 
the early forties Mr. Weber died, and Au- 
gust Hoen admitted his brother Ernest and 
his cousin Henry as partners, and the pres- 
ent name of the firm was adopted. In 1839 
the firm printed the first show cards in 
colors produced in the United States, and in 
1842 they lithographed the maps and illus- 
trations for Fremont's Reports, believed to 
bt the first lithographic work used in con- 
nection with the United States congres- 
sional re])orts. which have since proved 
such a fruitful source of supply to the litho- 
graphic art. Man)' of the improvements 
and advancements in the art have originated 
with .-\. Hoen & Company. The inventions 
of August Hoen are today the basis upon 
which the trade is enabled to do their work 
at commercial prices. He devoted his en- 
tire time to scientific research as applied to 
his trade. In 1S80 the firm erected the Hoen 
l/uilding in Baltimore, especially for their 
business, and when this was destroyed by 
fire in 1901 removed their plant to another 
location. The building in Richmond is 
similar to the one in Baltimore. The firm 
employs some five hundred people. Ernest 
A. Hoen inherited in rich measure the busi- 
ness ability of his father, and his progres- 
sive nature enabled him to make the most 
of all the modern inventions which could 
apply to his art. .\s stated above, he was 
an ardent lover of music, and was a \alued 
member of the ^^'ednesday Club and the 
Philharmonic Orchestra, and also a member 



\'IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



91 



of the Westmoreland Club. His bu>iness 
.-iffiliations were with the B. F. Johnson 
Publishing Company, of which he was vice- 
president, and the Southern Paper Com- 
pany. At the time of his death his wife 
who was formerly Clara Bryne, of Balti- 
more, and his son, Hudson P., were with 
him, while his other son. Dr. Walter S. 
Iloen, is a surgeon in the United States 
navy. Mr. Hoen was also survived by a 
brother, Albert B., and sisters, Hermine L. 
Hoen and Agnes (Hoen) Gibier, widow of 
Dr. Paul Gibier, for many years head of the 
Pasteur Institute of New York City. 

Herbert Worth Jackson. Antecedents of 
ihe Jackson fimiily in Chatham, Randolph, 
.\nson and Guilford counties. North Caro- 
lina, were there before the American revo- 
lution. Andrew Jackson, seventh president 
of the United States, practiced law about 
two years at Johnsonville, Randolph county, 
beginning December 11. 1788. John Jack- 
son was a mirniber of the house of com- 
mons from that county in 1782 and 1783, and 
Isaac Jackson in 1796 and 1797. They allied 
by marriage with old New England families, 
and they number among their ancestors 
such names as John Carver, governor of the 
Plymouth colony : John Howland and John 
Tilley, signers of the Mayflower Compact; 
Stephen P.atchelder, and Thomas Macy, all 
emigrant ancestors, who settled in New 
England. Through the Spencers, Mr. Jack- 
son is descended from one of the oldest and 
strongest New England families. The Spen- 
cers long resided in Stotfold, Bedfordshire, 
t'ngland, near the seat of the noble house 
of Spencer, and the name is supposed to 
have been derived from the fact that its 
members were stewards or dispensers from 
the time of William the Conqueror. 

Michael Spencer and his wife, Elizabeth, 
residing in Stotfold, had four sons and two 
daughters, namely : Richard. Thomas, John, 
Gerard. Catherine and a daughter whose 
name has not been preserved, though she 
had descendants. Her daughter Elizabeth 
married a Terry, a vintner. Gerard (or Jar- 
rard), fourth son of Michael and Elizabeth 
Spencer, was baptized May 20, 1576, at Stot- 
fold, and died before March 17, 1645. ^^ 
and his wife, Alice, were parents of four 
sons and a daughter — W'illiam. Gerard, 
Michael, Thomas and Elizabeth. .\11 of the 
sons except Michael came to this country 
about 163 1. Gerard (or Jarrardj Spencer 



(2), second son of Gerard (or Jarrard) (i) 
Spencer, accompanied his brothers to this 
country and was at Newtown, then a part 
of Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1632, later 
at Lynn, and was one of the original set- 
tlers of Haddam, Connecticut, where he was 
ensign and lieutenant of the militia, and died 
ii i^^85. He had wife Hannah and eleven 
children. The third son, Samuel Spencer, 
resided in Millington Society, East Haddam, 
where he died August 7, 1705. He married 
(first) Hannah, widow of Peter Blatchford, 
and daughter of Isaac Willey, who was the 
mother of his four children. The second 
son, Isaac, born January 9, 1678, resided in 
East Haddam. where he married, October 
2, 1707, Alary Selden, and had eleven chil- 
dren. The eldest of these, Samuel Spencer, 
born September 16, 1708, was presumably 
the father of Judge Samuel Spencer of An- 
son county, North Carolina. It is possible 
that the latter may have been the son of 
Samuel's cousin John, son of Samuel Spen- 
cer, who was born January 4, J709. It is 
certain that he was the son of one of these. 

Judge Samuel Spencer was born in 1738 
in East Haddam, and removed to North 
( arolina in the year 1760, settling in Anson 
countv, where he was a conspicuous and 
useful citizen until his death in 1794. He 
was graduated from Princeton College, 
New Jersey, in the class of 1759, and in 
1784 received from that institution the de- 
gree of LL. D. He was a member of the 
provincial Congress held at Hillsboro in 
August, 1775, and was appointed a colonel 
on the provincial council of safety in that 
year, which was the real executive of the 
state during the period of transition from a 
colony and the adoption of a state constitu- 
tion in 1776, when Richard Caswell became 
governor. He was appointed colonel of the 
North Carolina militia in September, 1775 ; 
was a member of the state provincial Con- 
gress at Halifax in April, 1776, and of the 
provincial Congress in 1777. He was judge 
of the superior courts of North Carolina 
from November 15, 1777, until his death, one 
of the three first elected under the constitu- 
tion. He married Sibyl Pegues, of Anson 
county, and both are buried on Smith's 
Creek, Anson county. North Carolina. 

Isaac Jackson, a patriot of the revolution, 
married Marj- Spencer, daughter of Judge 
Samuel Spencer, and resided in Wadesboro, 
Anson county. North Carolina. Their son, 
Samuel Spencer Jackson, was born March 



92 



\IRrxIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



10, 1787. in W'adesboro, and died in Pitts- 
boro, Chatham county, North Carolina, De- 
cember 4, 1856. He married Elizabeth Kin- 
chen Alston, daughter of Joseph John Al- 
ston, of Chatham county. North Carolina, 
and a descendant of John Alston, of Bed- 
fordshire. England, who settled in North 
Carolina during the colonial ])eriod, and had 
issue several children and many descendants 
in North Carolina and the south. 

Samuel Spencer (2) Jackson, son of Sam- 
uel Spencer (i) and Elizabeth Kinchen (Al- 
ston) Jackson, was born September 6, 1832, 
at Pittsboro. He was a lawyer and a clerk 
and master of equity prior to the civil war, 
in Randolph county, North Carolina, and 
died in Ashboro. March 5, 1875. He mar- 
ried, December, 1856. Elvira Evelyn Worth, 
daughter of Jonathan and Martitea (Daniel) 
Worth. Martitea (Daniel) Worth was a 
daughter of John Daniel, of Charlotte 
county, \'irginia, and Lucy Murphy, and 
niece of Judge Archibald De Bow Murphy, 
of Orange county. North Carolina. Her 
father, Jonathan Worth, was the thirty- 
eighth governor of North Carolina. He was 
born November 18, 1802, in Guilford county. 
North Carolina, the son of Dr. David 
Worth, a prominent physician of Guilford 
county, and he received a fair education in 
the "Old Field Schools"' of that time. .\t the 
age of eighteen he began teaching school 
and studied law. and began the practice of 
law at Ashboro, North Carolina, about 1826. 
He was elected to the North Carolina leg- 
islature in 1830. and re-elected to the same 
office. In 1840 he was sent to the state 
senate, again elected in 1858, and reelected 
in 1860-61, but declined to become a candi- 
date on the secession ticket ; however, after 
secession was accomplished he adhered to 
the de facto government, and in 1862-63 
served in the state legislature. Later he was 
elected state treasurer, and re-elected in 
1864, and held that office until the state gov- 
ernment was overthrown in 1865 by the 
Federal forces. He was soon afterward 
elected governor of North Carolina, and held 
office until July I, 1868, when the provis- 
ional state government was superseded by 
another under direction of Congress. On 
his removal by military duress he filed a 
protest that is famous in the history of 
North Carolina. He died September s. 
1869, at Raleigh, North Carolina. 

Herbert ^\'orth Jackson, son of Samuel 



Spencer (2) and Elvira Evelyn (Worth) 
Jackson, was born February '15, 1865, at 
Ashboro, Randolph county. North Carolina. 
He received elementary instruction in the 
local schools of his native town ; later at- 
tended Bingham ^lilitary School at Mebane, 
North Carolina, from 1879 to 1883, and from 
18S3 to 1886 studied at the University of 
North Carolina, at Chapel Hill, from which 
he graduated as Ph. D. in 1886. Soon after- 
ward he received an appointment as teller 
in the treasury department of the state of 
North Carolina, where he continued about 
two years. He was treasurer of the Wet- 
more Shoe S; Leather Company of Raleigh. 
North Carolina, then assistant cashier of the 
Commercial i*(: Farmer's Bank, and cashier 
o{ the Commercial National Bank of Ral- 
eigh. In January. 1910, he was made presi- 
dent of the \'irginia Trust Company of 
Richmond. \'irginia, and moved his familv 
to Richmond in February. 1910, where the'v 
now reside. 

He married Annie Hyman Phillips, 
daughter of Judge Frederick and Martha 
(Hyman) Phillips, October 22, 1890, at 
Ra'eigh, North Carolina. She was born in 
1866 at Tarboro, North Carolina; is the 
granddaughter of Dr. James Jones and Har- 
riet (Burt) Philips, and the great-grand- 
daughter of Hartwell Philips, who' came 
from Mecklenburg county, Virginia, to 
Edgecombe county. North Carolina. Issue 
of Herbert Worth and .Annie H. (Phillips) 
Jackson : Evelyn Hyman, born July 12, 1892 ; 
Herbert \\'orth, September 28, 1897; Fred- 
erick Philips. November 3, 1899. died 1902 ; 
Samuel .'Spencer, Januar\- 27,, 1902, at 
Raleigh. 

Air. Jackson was identified with various 
commercial and banking enterprises of 
North Carolina for twenty years. He was 
director and treasurer of the News & Ob- 
server Company for fifteen years, and trus- 
tee of the University of North Carolina five 
years ; the president of the North Carolina 
Banker's Association ; and is director and 
president of the \'irginia Trust Company at 
Richmond, \'irginia. He was president of 
the Raleigh Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation, superintendent of the Presbyterian 
Sunday school of Raleigh, for aboutfifteen 
years, and an elder in the Presbyterian 
church there. He is a member and worthy 
master of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity, 
and likewise of the North Carolina Societv, 



>OBUC UBRAftt' 



Til Dt.fi FOUNDV; 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



93 



Sons of the Revolution, in virtue of his de- 
scent from Samuel Spencer, a revolutionary 
patriot, and judge of the courts of North 
Carolina under the Articles of Confeder- 
ation ; also by virtue of his descent from 
Colonel Archibald Murphy, of Caswell 
county. North Carolina. He is eligible to 
Sons of Colonial Wars by virtue of descent 
from Captain John Gorham, of Massachu- 
setts ; also Colonel John Gorham and En- 
sign Jarret Spencer, of Connecticut, 1650, 
and John Tilly, 1620. 

Dr. Samuel Smith Cottrell. Retired from 
business life, in which he was known as a 
member of the Cottrell Saddlery Company. 
Charles Clinton Cottrell is succeeded in ac- 
tive life in the city of Richmond by his son, 
.Samuel Smith Cottrell. M. D., a recently es- 
tablished medical practitioner, a graduate of 
Boston University. 

. (I) Dr. Cottrell is a grandson ofXTharlesI 
Benjamin Cottrell, a native of Goochland 1 
county, \^irginia, who died at the family 
home at Mount Aaron, Henrico county Vir- 
ginia, in 1861, at the age of about forty 
years, Charles Benjamin Cottrell married 
Catherine Thurston, a native of Botetourt 
county, Virginia, born in 1828, died in 1896. 
They were the parents of: Aminta, married 
John H. Frischkbrn, of Richmond; Charles 
Clinton, of whom further ; Anna, married 
D. W. Jones, of Richmond ; Willard Mon- 
mouth ; and a daughter who died in infancy. 

(II) Charles Clinton Cottrell, son Charles 
Benjamin and Catherine (Thurston) Cot- 
trell, was born in Richmond, Virginia, Oc- 
tober 12, 1856, and after an active and use- 
ful business career now lives retired in the 
city of his birth. The Cottrell Saddlery 
Company was established by his uncle, S. 
S. Cottrell, in 1845, and with this concern 
Charles Clinton Cottrell was identified in 
important positions. In leaving the busi- 
ness world of Richmond for quiet retire- 
ment, well merited after a lifetime of stren- 
uous effort, he left with his former asso- 
ciates the remembrance of a man of strict- 
est integrity and perfect fairness, one to 
whom the wiles of business were a closed 
book and honor paramount. He married 
May White, born in Richmond, daughter of 
William H. White. William H. W^hite was 
a native of Maryland, and as a young man 
came to Richmond, where for many years 
he dealt in trunks and leather goods. He 
espoused the Confederate cause at the out- 



break of the war between the states and 
was wounded in battle, from that time until 
the end of the conflict being associated with 
the treasury department of the Confederate 
government. His death occurred in 1884, 
when he was si.xty-five years of age. His 
v.'ife, Margaret Shardale (Greaner) White, 
was born in Richmond, and died in 1910, 
aged eighty-four years. Children of Wil- 
liam H. and Alargaret Shardale (Greaner) 
White : Mary, married C. A. West, of Rich- 
mond ; John Henry, of Richmond ; Margaret, 
married C. A. Scarff, of P.altimore, Mary- 
land ; May, of previous mention, married 
Charles Clinton Cottrell. Charles Clinton 
Cottrell and his wife were the parents of 
five children : Dr. Samuel Smith, and Re- 
becca, born December 26, 1901, the only 
survivors, the others being Charles Clinton 
(2). died aged four years, James Crane, died 
aged two years, and William White, died 
aged one year. 

(Ill) Dr. Samuel Smith Cottrell, son of 
Charles Clinton Cottrell, was born in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, November 12, 1889. He 
obtained his classical education in the 
schools of that city. After a high school 
course he entered Richmond College and 
was graduated from that institution in the 
class of 1910. afterward becoming a medical 
student in Boston University. He was 
awarded his M. D. in 1914 and returned to 
the city of his birth to begin practice, in 
which he is now engaged. While at this 
time following the lines of general practice. 
Dr. Cottrell has as his aim and is prepar- 
ing for a specialty in nervous diseases, a 
specialty of broad aspect and unbounded 
opportunity. Dr. Cottrell's profession was 
of his own choosing, and his enthusiasm and 
his love for his work have made little ac- 
count of the difficulties and perplexities that 
are inseparable from new experiences and 
duties. These same qualities augur well 
for his future success, for his ideals and am- 
bitions are high and his early work in his 
profession worthy. 

Wilson Miles Gary. The fact of birth in 
the state of Mississippi makes Wilson Miles 
Gary, of Richmond, Virginia, not one de- 
gree less a \'irginian than had his birthplace 
been in this state, for his entire life has been 
passed here, he having been brought to Vir- 
ginia by his widowed mother, an infant in 
arms, and for nearly two and three-quarters 
centuries his familv has here resided. His 



94 



\IRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



grandfather. Colonel Miles Gary, journeyed 
with his family to the southwest, and there 
remained, Lucius Falkland Gary, father of 
\\'ilson Miles Gary, the only one of his sons 
to return to the ancient home, Virginia. 

The Garys, a family prominent in Virginia 
colonial history, are descended from the an- 
cient Devonshire family of Gary, of which 
collateral branches have been conspicuous 
in England as Earls of Hunsdon, Alon- 
mouth, and Dover, and as Barons of Falk- 
land. Branches are still seated at Tor Ab- 
bey and Follaton. The earliest mention of 
the name is in the case of Adam De Kan. 
who in 1 198 is mentioned as Lord of Gastle 
Gary, in Somerset county, whither he prob- 
ably migrated from Devon, who married 
Amy. daughter of Sir William Trewit. 
Knight. The Devonshire Heralds Visitation 
of 1620 gives fourteen generations of his de- 
scendants. His grandson's grandson was 
Sir John Garye, Knight, chief baron of ex- 
chequer in the reign of King Henry W .. 
who was banished into Ireland for political 
offences. Prior to his time the spelling of 
the name De Kari seems to have prevailed. 
His son. Sir Robert Garye, was a favorite 
of King Henry V.. and the following anec- 
dote is cited in explanation of the return of 
the family to royal favor. "In his time 
came out of Aragon a lusty gentleman into 
England, and challenged to do feites of arms 
with any English gentleman, without ex- 
ception. This Robert Gary, hearing there- 
of, made suit forthwith to the Prince that he 
might answer the challenge * * * * At the 
time and the day prefix'd both parties met. 
and did perform sundrie feites of arms, but 
in the end this Roijert gave the foils and 
overthrow to the Aragon Kt., disarmed and 
spoiled him, which his doinge so well 
pleased the Prince that he received him into 
great favor, caused him to be restored to 
the most part of his father's lands and willed 
him also for a perpetual memorie of his vic- 
torie that he should thenceforth give the 
same arms as did the Aragon Kt.. which 
both he and his successors to this day en- 
joyed, which is : Argent, on bend sable three 
roses argent, for before they did bear : 
Gules, Ghevron, entre three swans argent." 

The arms of the Garys of Bristol and of 
Virginia were identical with those of Sir 
Robert Gary, of Devon, above referred to. 
There is a tradition in Virginia that Sir 
Henrv Gary. Knight, a royalist leader, who 



went into exile after the defeat of Gharles 
I., came to Virginia and left posterity, and 
some of the descendants of Miles have 
claimed descent from him. 

Descended from Adam De Kari, perhaps 
in the tenth generation, was William Gary, 
born about 1500. mayor of Piristol. 1546, 
died 1572. His son, Richard, a merchant 
of Bristol, born 1525. died 1570, had a son 
William, born 1550, died 1632, who was, 
like his grandfather, mayor of Bristol in 
161 1. William Gary, by his marriage with 
Alice Goodall. had seven sons, the third of 
whom. John, born in 1583. died in 1662, a 
draper of Bristol, married Alice Hobson and 
was the father oi Golonel Miles Gary, pro- 
positus of the Garys of \^irginia. The sev- 
enth son of William and Alice (Goodall) 
Gary. James, born in 1600, died in 1681, 
came to Charlestown. Massachusetts, in 
1639, and was the ancestor of the Massa- 
chusetts family of Gary, Richard Gary, aide- 
de-camp to General \\'ashingt<-)n, and Mrs. 
Agassiz being members of this branch. 

He whom the branch of the family to 
which Wilson Miles Gary, of Richmond, be- 
longs, has as an American ancestor, Golonel 
Miles Gary, born in Bristol. England, in 
1620. died in 1667. He came to Virginia 
ir. 1640-46. and settled in Warwick county, 
where he married Anne, daughter of 
Thomas Taylor Hml » !' <5n. one of the early 
settlers. He acquired and resided upon the 
estate known as "^lagpie Swamps." ojp- 
tained by his father-in-law, Gaptain it<ft%te',"^ 
which he devised to his eldest son, ThonVas. 
He was a member of the King's council, 
burgess, escheater general, and owned 
nearly two thousand acres of land, well 
stocked, and numerous slaves, besides a 
store and mill. He mentioned in his will 
two houses in England, presumably in Bris- 
tol, one in Ballaum, the other in St. Nicholas 
street, to be sold for the benefit of his daugh- 
ters. He had seven children, four sons and 
three daughters, the line descending through 
Golonel Miles (2I Gary. Golonel Miles (2) 
Garv was royal na^•al officer of York river, 
burgess, surveyor general, and rector and 
trustee of William and Mary Gollege. He 
married Mary \\'ilson ; his son, Golonel \\\\- 
son Miles Gary, married Sarah Blair ; his 
son. Major Wilson Gary, married Jane B. 
Garr ; his son. Golonel Miles Gary, of "Oak 
Hill." Fluvanna county. Virginia, married 
Elizabeth Searsbrooke Wilson Gurle, his en- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



95 



tire branch iif the family' moving to the 
southwest, with the exception of Lucius 
Falkland Gary, his son, who returned to 
^'irginia. 

Lucius Falkland Gary, son of Golonel 
Miles Gary, and member of the seventh 
American generation of his line, was born at 
"Oak Hill," I'luvanna county, Virginia, De- 
cember 14, 181 5, and in Virginia passed his 
active years, his death occurring in 1845, at 
the early age of thirty years. He became, a 
merchant of Williamsburg, founded an im- 
portant mercantile establishment, and was 
one of the most influential citizens and busi- 
ness men of the city, the business of which 
he was the owner being the largest of W'il- 
liamsburg. Lucius F. Gary married Luc)' 
Ann Henley, born in Williamsburg, died in 
Richmond, \'irginia, aged eighty-three years, 
and had two children: Hattie, married \^'il- 
liam Ghristian. deceased, and resides in 
Richmond, and Wilson Miles, of whom fur- 
ther. 

Wilson Miles Gary, son of Lucius P'alk- 
land and Lucy Ann ( Henley) Gary, was 
born in De Soto county, Mississippi, Octo- 
ber 7, 1843, although the family home was 
in \Villiamsburg. Not long after his birth 
his mother returned to Williamsburg, and 
his academic education was obtained in 
\\'illiam and ]\Iary Gollege at that place. 
Here he was a student when the war be- 
tween the states broke out, and enlisting in 
Gompany G, Thirty-second Regiment of 
A'irginia Infantry, ser\ed until the Appo- 
mattox surrender, his war record one of 
honorable and valiant service. At the close 
of the war he returned to William and 
Mary Gollege to complete his course, and 
before his graduation received an appoint- 
ment as civil engineer in a party engaged 
in surveying and platting the city of New- 
port News, and the location of the Rich- 
mond & Newport News Railroad. When 
this task was finished Mr. Gary began mer- 
cantile dealings in the city of Richmond, 
and for thirty-eight years was a well-known 
and highly-rated merchant of that city. His 
business was flourishing and profitable, but 
so extensive as to make demands upon him 
that gradually weakened his health, a con- 
dition that caused his retirement when he 
was about to enter upon his fifth decade of 
continuous connection with the Richmond 
world of trade. Although he has greatly 
lessened his activities, Mr. Gary retains in- 



terests in numerous of the city's institu- 
tions, and among them is his presidency of 
the Buchanan Goal and Goke Gompany, 
Incorporated. He is a citizen of high stand- 
ing in all circles, and is a communicant of 
the Presbyterian church. Mr. Gary is serv- 
ing as deacon in the Second Presbyterian 
Ghurch. Mr. Gary is a long-time member 
of the Westmoreland Glub. 

Wilson Miles Gary married (first) Anne 
E. Sublett, born in 1846, died in 1875. and 
had issue, Hunsdon, an attorney of Rich- 
mond, and Emily, married Thomas Mar- 
shall Jr., of Fauquier county, Virginia, now 
a resident of Richmond. He married (sec- 
ond) Lilias Blair, daughter of John B. Mc- 
Phail. born at Mulberry Hill, Gharlotte 
county. Virginia, and has children: Lucius 
Falkland and Lilias Blair, lives at home, 
unmarried. John B. McPhail was a native 
of V'irginia, and as a soldier of the home 
guard participated in the action of the 
civil war. at Staunton River Bridge, in the 
region of his home. He married Nannie, 
(laughter of Golonel Glement Garrington, 
of revolutionary fame, and granddaughter 
of the noted Judge Paul Garrington. 

Seargent Smith Prentiss Patteson. .\ 

country born and bred lad. "circumstances 
;ind the help of a generous, afifectionate 
brother." led Mr. Patteson to choose the 
profession of law and forsake country for 
city life. But back of the hour when the 
question of a future career must be settled, 
were the j-ears of boyhood spent on his 
father's farm. This formative period was 
spent under the loving care of a wise 
mother, and with the best of companions, 
good books. With these his early years 
u-ere spent, and that a life of success and 
honorable achievement should follow, is but 
the logical result. 

Mr. Patteson was born in Amherst 
county. Virginia, December 15, 1856, young- 
est of the seven sons of Dr. David and 
Elizabeth (Gamm) Patteson. Dr. Patteson. 
a man of imposing physique, great indus- 
try, public spirit, and decided literary as 
well as professional ability, died in 1862, 
having removed from Amherst to Bucking- 
ham county shortly after the birth of his 
youngest son. Elizabeth Gamm, his wife, 
was a granddaughter of Rev. John Gamm. 
an honored president of William and Mary 
Gollege prior to the revolution, and a mem- 



96 



\IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



(jer of the governor's council, a conspicuous 
figure in his day, a man of great ability, 
exquisite humor and lofty patriotism. His 
wife, Betsey Hansford, was a descendant of 
Thomas Hansford, of Bedford rebellion 
fame. 

Deprived of his father at the age of six 
years, Seargent S. P. Patteson grew up on 
the farm, and became familiar with all kinds 
of labor connected therewith. He attended 
the schools nearby his home in Buckingham 
county, but his education was largely ob- 
tained from the fine library left by his 
father, with his mother as fellow student, 
instructor and loving parent combined, and 
"aiding me as only a mother can aid a boy." 
From these carefully selected works, those 
of Scott, Dickens, Gibbons, and Macaulay's 
"History of England" and "Essays" particu- 
larly attracted the lad, and all historical 
works ever had a special interest for him. 
These sterling works of the library were 
read over and over again with his mother, 
and to her help during the formative period 
of his life, he said "I owe most of all." In 
this manner Mr. Patteson acquired an edu- 
cation, supplemented by only one session at 
a higher institution of learning than the 
country school. During the summer session 
of 1872-73 he attended Randolph-AIacon 
College, and then began the study of law, 
aided by his brother Camm Patteson, an 
able lawyer, and "a generous and very af- 
fectionate brother." His legal, like his clas- 
sical education, was under private instruc- 
tion, and on June I, 1877, he was duly licen- 
sed and admitted to the Virginia bar. At 
once establishing an office, he for a time 
practiced in Bedford and Buckingham coun- 
ties. Later he located in Richmond, where 
he has gained honorable distinction as a 
lawyer of ability and a citizen of worth. 

Mr. Patteson is a man of many talents, 
one of these being an outgrowth of his early 
training as well as an inborn one. The good 
doctor's library developed a literary taste, 
that in mature years found expression in 
writings, showing broad culture, originality 
and graceful style. These include a "His- 
tory of the Supreme Court of Appeals of 
Virginia" ; "The Green Bag," and numerous 
articles for the legal publications on "Law 
Reform" and kindred topics. His work in 
literature gained him an election to William 
and Mary Chapter of Phi Beta Kappa in 
1902, this honor like college degrees, only 



being conferred for merit. He was also a 
member of the Virginia State Library Board 
and is a member of the executive committee, 
Virginia Historical Society. Nor have the 
demands of good citizenship been neg- 
lected. Always a Democrat, Mr. Patteson 
has borne his full share in party responsi- 
bility, and in council as well as in open 
compaign has proved his worth to his party. 
From 1892 to 1894 he was the able chairman 
of the Richmond City Democratic Com- 
mittee, and during the session of 1899-1901 
represented Richmond in that body. His 
legislative term was served with credit, and 
the record of his servnce shows him sup- 
porting all legislation that was progressive. 

Mr. Patteson has also spent seven years in 
the service of his state with the Richmond 
Blues. Richmond Howitzers and Stuart 
Horse Guards, well known military organ- 
izations. He is very fond of all out of door 
exercise, particularly horseback riding and 
walking, while his days spent afield with 
gim and bird dog, are days of special pleas- 
ure to him. He is not connected with any 
religious society, but attends the Episco- 
pal church, that being the church of his 
fathers for many generations. His clubs are 
the Westmoreland and Country of Rich- 
mond, and the City Club, of New York City. 

Mr. Patteson is actively engaged in the 
]iractice of his profession, with offices in the 
Mutual Building. Richmond. His practice 
extends to all state and federal courts of the 
district and is large in its volume. He is 
as ever the student, but as willing to im- 
part as to acquire information. He is the 
product of unusual circumstances, and his 
career is one to excite interest from the fact 
that it puts some supposedly well estab- 
lished theories of education decidedly on the 
defensive. Self taught, one might almost 
say. he has gained an honored position in 
law, literature and public life. His mes- 
sage to young Americans who wish to at- 
tain true success in life is to read good 
books, and among them to include Frank- 
lin's "Autobiograhy," a good life of George 
Washington, and the "Lincoln-Douglas De- 
bates." 

John Barry Purcell. The Purcell family 
of Richmond. X'irginia, are of Irish descent, 
and have long been settled in the counties 
Cork and Limerick, Ireland. Several 
branches of the family belong to the landed 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



97 



gentry of Ireland, and have attained dis- 
tinction as tlieologians, clergsmen and in 
local political circles. 

(I) Charles Purcell emigrated to America 
from Limerick, Ireland, and settled at Rich- 
mond, Virginia, about 1780, where he ac- 
quired considerable property, and died there 
leaving it to his nephew, Charles Purcell. 
The latter came to Richmond, Virginia, in 
1815, to take charge of the estate and set- 
tled there. He had one sister, Ellen Pur- 
cell, who married James Barry, of Limerick, 
Ireland, and they were the parents of the 
late Lord Justice Charles William Barry, the 
chief justice of Ireland. 

(II) John Purcell, son of Charles Purcell, 
was born in Richmond, Virginia, about 
1815. He became a prominent business man 
of Richmond. He founded the firm of Pur- 
cell, Ladd il- Company, wholesale druggists 
in Richmond, which business was continued 
to a late time by his son and grandson. In 
1861 he equipped a battery of artillery in 
the Confederate States army, at his own ex- 
pense, which was known as the Purcell bat- 
tery, but he did not himself serve in the 
army. He was a member of the Roman 
Catholic church. He died in Richmond. 
Virginia. He married Martha Webb, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Tarlton and Harriet (Davis) 
Webb, in 1842 at Norfolk, Virginia. She 
was born at Norfolk, and was descended 
from Webb, Fleming and Randolph ances- 
try. Children of John and Martha (Webb) 
Purcell namely: i. John Barry, of whom 
further. 2. Nora Randolph, who married 
Thomas Leary. 3. Sarah Elizabeth, who 
married Alfred Gray. 4. B. L., who mar- 
ried Lydia Pleasants. 

George Webb, the first of the name in 
America, was a merchant of London, who 
married Lucy Foster, and had a son, George 
Webb. He was collector of taxes and prob- 
ably treasurer of the state of Virginia ; mar- 
ried Hannah Fleming, a descendant of Sir 
John Fleming, who married Miss Tarlton; 
came to Virginia about 1610. They had a 
son, George Webb, who married Judith 
Fleming, daughter of Tarlton and Mary 
(Randolph) Fleming, of Tuckahoe, the lat- 
ter named a daughter of William and Maria 
Judith (Page) Randolph, also sister of 
Thomas Mann Randolph. Harriet (Davis) 
Webb, mother of Martha (Webb) Purcell, 
was a daughter of Augustine and Martha 
(Davenport) Davis, the former named 

VIR— 7 



sometime editor of the Williamsburg, Vir- 
ginia. "Gazette." Thomas T. W'ebb was 
born in Richmond, Virginia. Children of 
Mr. and Mrs. Webb: Virginia, who mar- 
ried Admiral John R. Tucker ; Martha, of 
whom above ; Harriet, who married Thomas 
Riley ; Delia, who married Oscar Cranz ; 
William Augustine, who was a commander 
in the Confederate States navy, and formerly 
lieutenant-commander in the United States 
navy, and married Elizabeth Fleming; 
Louis Warrington, who married a Miss 
Jamison. 

(Ill) John Barry Purcell, son of John 
and Martha (Webb) Purcell, was born Sep- 
tember 17. 1S49, at Richmond, Virginia. He 
attended private schools in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, until interrupted by the war ; late in 
i8ri4 he enlisted in Company G, Third Vir- 
ginia Regiment of Light Infantry, and at- 
tained the rank of orderly sergeant therein. 
After the war closed he went to the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute at Lexington, Vir- 
ginia, from which he graduated July 4, 
186S. Soon afterward he entered the em- 
ploy of Purcell, Ladd & Company, whole- 
sale druggists, at Richmond, Virginia, and 
in 1880 became a partner in the firm. Grad- 
ually the direction of the business devolved 
upon him, and in 1894 he became the sole 
owner and proprietor, the business continu- 
ing under his management and that of his 
son until 1910, when he retired from active 
participation therein. For many years Mr. 
Purcell has been identified with various 
business and financial interests in Rich- 
mond. In 1885 he was made director of the 
First National Bank, became its vice-presi- 
dent in 1895, and president in 1906, which 
position he still retains. He was president 
of the Richmond Chamber of Commerce in 
1885 ; member of the Virginia Military In- 
stitute board of visitors in 1881 ; and was 
colonel in 1880 of the First Virginia Regi- 
ment of state militia. In politics he is Demo- 
crat, but never held or sought public office. 
He and his family are members of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal church, and he is a mem- 
ber of the Westmoreland and the Country 
clubs, of Richmond, Virginia. 

Mr. Purcell married Olympia William- 
son, daughter of General Thomas H. and 
Henrietta Louisa (Garnett) Williamson, 
November 12, 1872, at Lexington, Virginia. 
Her father was chief engineer of the Con- 
federate Army of the Potomac at the first 



98 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



battle of Manassas, and after the war he 
was professor of engineering at the \^irginia 
MiHtary Institute. Thomas H. and Hen- 
rietta Louisa (Garnett) Wilhamson had 
several children, namely : William G., Anna 
Maria Mercer, Thomas, Ann Walke, Olym- 
pia, of whom above. Issue of John Barry 
and Olympia (Williamson) Purcell. name- 
ly: I. Martha Webb. 2. Louisa Garnett, 
who married Dr. William Allan, and has 
issue : Elizabeth Randolph and Preston Al- 
lan. J. Thom?s Williamson, who graduated 
at the L'niversity of Virginia; is assistant 
secretary of the Old Dominion Trust Com- 
pany ; married Elizabeth M. Bosher, and 
has issue : Charlotte Mercer and Robert 
Bosher Purcell. 4. Anna Brooke. 5. John 
Barry Jr. 

Rev. Matthew Branch Porter. A descend- 
ant of the famous Porter family of Hugue- 
not ancestry, and of the equally famous 
Gordons of Scotland through maternal lines. 
Rev. Mr. Porter also traces from several 
generations of Virginia blood. He is a 
grandson of Peter Porter, of Powhatan 
county, Virginia, a farmer and member of 
the Christian church. His wife, Dorothy 
(W' oodsoij) Porter, born in 1803, bore him : 
William Woodson, Charlotte J.. Stephen, 
Magdalene, Thomas, Ann Scott, Peter D., 
Matthew Branch, of further mention; 
George. 

(II) Matthew Branch Porter, son of 
Peter and Dorothy (Woodson) Porter, born 
in Powhatan county, Virginia, in 1818, died 
1904. He was a farmer, a member of the 
Presbyterian church and a Democrat. Dur- 
ing the war between the states he served as 
second lieutenant of reserves. He married, 
in Powhatan county, February 21, 1849, 
Susan Lewis Matthews, born in that county 
in 1819. died 1899, daughter of Gregory and 
Frances (Gordon) Matthews, who were 
married April 21, 1810. Frances Gordon 
was the daughter of Robert Gordon and his 
second wife, Ann (Shackleton) Gordon. 
Children of Matthew Branch Porter : A son, 
born in January, 1850, died in infancy; 
Frances Jane, born in 1850; Robert Greg- 
ory, 1852; Bettie Woodson, 1854; a daugh- 
ter, born and died in 1855 ; William George, 
1856; Drucilla Matthews, 1859; Alatthew 
Branch, of further mention. 

(III) Rev. Matthew Branch (2) Porter, 
son of Matthew Branch (i) and Susan 



Lewis (Matthews) Porter, was born in 
Powhatan county, Virginia, December 5, 
1861. His early and preparatory study was 
in public and private schools, after which 
he entered Hampden-Sidney College, and 
pursued courses of elective studies for four 
years. He then began his studies in divin- 
ity, attending Union Theological Seminary 
two and a half years, and then for three 
years did post-graduate work at the Presby- 
terian Seminary at Louisville, Kentucky. 
He was ordained a minister of the Presby- 
terian church by the Presbytery of Louis- 
ville, and began his ministerial career as 
pastor of the Presbyterian church, Green- 
ville, Kentucky. Since 1907 he has been 
agency secretary for the American Bible 
Society. His home is at 617 Hawthorne 
avenue, Richmond. In politics he is an In- 
dependent Democrat. 

Rev. M. B. Porter married, April i, 1891, 
at Greenville, Kentucky, Lucy Reno, born at 
Greenville, Kentucky, daughter of Lewis 
Reno, a capitalist of Greenville, and his 
wife, May (Short) Reno. Children: Lewis 
Gordon, born 1891, a graduate of Richmond 
College; Matthew Branch (3), 1893; Mary 
Reno, 1895 ; Lucy Virginia, 1908; Reno Rus- 
sell, 1910. 

Lucius Falkland Gary. The Carys, a 
family prominent in Virginia colonial his- 
tory, are descended from the ancient Devon- 
shire family of Cary, of which collateral 
branches have been conspicuous in Eng- 
land as Earls of Hunsdon, ^Monmouth and 
Dover, and as Barons of Falkland. Branches 
are still seated at Tor Abbey and Follaton. 
The earliest mention of the name is in the 
case of Adam De Kari, who in 1 198 is men- 
tioned as Lord of Castle Gary, in Somer- 
set county, whither he probably migrated 
from Devon, who married Amy, daughter 
of Sir \\'illiam Trewit, Knight. The Devon- 
shire "Herald's Visitation" of 1620 gives 
fourteen generations of his descendants. 
His grandson's grandson was Sir John Cary, 
Knight, chief baron of exchequer in the 
reign of King Henry IV., who was banished 
into Ireland for political offences. Prior 
to his time the spelling of the name De Kari 
seems to have prevailed. His son. Sir Rob- 
ert Cary, was a favorite of King Henry V. 

In his time came out of Aragon a lusty gentle- 
man into England, and challenged to do feites of 
arms with any English gentleman, without excep- 








/V ' Vi^_c-_rv-~j^ 



^/.2 



.^r,a 



THK Bfi" '^':'" V 






VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



99 



tion. This Robert Gary, hearing thereof, made suit 
forthwith to the Prince that he might answer the 
challenge * * * At the time and day prefix'd 
botli parties met, and died perform sundrie feites 
of arms, but in the end this Robert gave the foils 
and overthrow to the Aragon Kt., disarmed and 
spoiled him, which his doinge so well pleased the 
Prince that he received him into great favor, caused 
him to be restored to the most part of his father's 
lands and willed him also for a perpetual memorie 
of his victorie that he should thence forth give the 
same arms as did the Aragon Kt.. which both he 
and all of his successors to this day cnioyed, which 
is "Argent, on bend sable three roses argent," for 
before they did bear, "Gules, Chevron entre three 
swans argent." 

The arms of the Carys of Bristol and of 
Virginia were identical with those of Sir 
Robert Gary, of Devon, above referred to. 
There is a tradition in Virginia that Sir 
Henry Gary, Knight, a royalist leader, who 
went into exile after the defeat of Gharles 
I., came to Virginia and left posterity, and 
some of the descendants of Miles have 
claimed descent from him. 

Descended from Adam De Kari, perhaps 
in the tenth generation, was William Gary, 
born about 1500, mayor of Bristol, 1546, 
died 1572. His son, Richard, a merchant . 
of Bristol, born 1525, died 1570, had a son 
William, born 1550, died 1632, who was, 
like his grandfather, mayor of Bristol, in 
161 1. William Gary, by his marriage with 
Alice Goodall, had seven sons, the third of 
whom, John, born in 1583, died in 1662, a 
merchant of Bristol, married Alice Hobson 
and was the father of Golonel Miles Gary. 
propositus of the Garys of Virginia. The 
seventh son of William and Alice (Goodall) 
Gary, James, born in 1600, died in 1681, 
came to Gharlestown, Massachusetts, in 
1639, and was the ancestor of the Massa- 
chusetts family of Gary, Richard Gary, aide- 
de-camp to General Washington, and Mrs. 
Agassiz being members of this branch. 

He whom the branch of the family to 
which Lucius Falkland Gary, of Richmond, 
has as American ancestor is Golonel Miles 
Gary, above mentioned, born in Bristol, 
England, in 1620, died in 1667. He came to 
Virginia, 1640-46, and settled in Warwick 
county, where he married Anne, daughter 
of Thomas Taylor Hobson, one of the earl\- 
settlers. He acquired and resided upon the 
estate known as "Magpie Swainps," ob- 
tained by his father-in-law, Gaptain Hob- 
son, which he devised to his eldest son, 
Thomas. He was a member of the King's 



council, burgess, escheater general, and 
owned nearly two thousand acres of land, 
well stocked, and numerous slaves, besides 
a store and mill. He mentioned in his will 
two houses in England, presumably in Bris- 
tol, one in Ballaum, the other in St. Nicho- 
las street, to be sold for the benefit of his 
daughters. He had seven children, four 
sons and three daughters, the line descend- 
ing through Golonel Miles (2) Gary, royal 
naval officer of York river, burgess, sur- 
veyor general, and rector and trustee of 
William and Mary Gollege. Golonel Miles 
(2) Gary married Mary Wilson; his son, 
Colonel Wilson Miles Gary, married Sarah 
Blair ; his son. Major Wilson Gary, married 
Jane B. Garr ; his son, Golonel Miles Gary, 
of "Oak Hill," Fluvanna county, Virginia, 
married Elizabeth Searsbrooke Wilson 
Gurle, his entire branch of the family mov- 
ing to the southwest, with the exception 
of Lucius Falkland Gary, his son, who re- 
turned to Virginia. 

Lucius Falkland Gary, son of Golonel 
Miles Gary, and member of the seventh 
American generation of his line, was born at 
"Oak Hill," Fluvanna county, Virginia, De- 
cember 14, 1S15, and there passed his active 
years, his death occurring in 1845, ^t the 
early age of thirty years. He became a 
merchant of the city of Williamsburg, 
founded an important mercantile establish- 
ment, and was one of the most influential 
citizens and business men of the city, the 
business of which he was owner the largest 
of Williamsburg. Lucius F". Gary married 
Lucy Henley, born in Williamsburg, died 
in Richmond, Virginia, aged eighty years, 
and had two children, Hattie, married Wil- 
liam Christian, deceased, and resides in 
Richmond, and Wilson Miles, of whom fur- 
ther. 

Wilson Allies Gary, son of Lucius Falk- 
land and Lucy (Henley) Gary, was born in 
Mississippi, October 7. 1S43, although the 
fatnily home was in Williamsburg. Not 
long after his birth his mother returned to 
Williamsburg and here Wilson Miles Gary 
was reared to manhood, pursuing his studies 
in the schools of the locality. When not 
3'et of mature age he became a soldier in 
the Confederate States army, and fought in 
General Pickett's command until the close 
of the civil war, his war record one of val- 
iant service and honorable sacrifice. His 
present home is in Richmond, where he lives 



lOO 



\"IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



retired, having for many years conducted 
an extensi\-e and profitable business as a 
commission merchant, Richmond his place 
of business. He married (first) Anne E. 
Sublett, born in 1846, died in 1875, and had 
issue, Hunsdon, an attorney of Richmond, 
'and Emily, married Thomas Marshall Jr., of 
Washington, D. C. By his second marriage 
with Lilias Blair, daughter of John B. AIc- 
Phail, born at Mulberry Hill, Charlotte 
county, Virginia, he had children : Lucius 
Falkland, of whom further, and Lilias 
Blair, lives at home unmarried. Lilias 
Blair (McPhailj Gary is a daughter of John 
B. and Nannie (Carrington) McPhail. both 
natives of Virginia, her father born in Nor- 
folk, a soldier in the home guard, partici- 
pating in the action of the war with the 
states in the region of his home. Of his 
large familv three survive : Nannie, married 
Colonel T.'M. R. Talcott, of Bon Air, Vir- 
ginia: Lilias Blair, of previous mention, 
married Wilson Miles Gary ; Donald, a prac- 
ticing physician of Charlotte county, Vir- 
ginia. 

Lty;ius Falkland (2) Gary, son of Wilson 
Miles Gary and his second wife, Lilias Blair 
(McPhailj Gar}-, was born in Richmond, 
Virginia, October 13, 1879. The private 
schools of Richmond prepared him for en- 
trance at Hampden-Sidney College, after 
which he attended the University of Vir- 
ginia, pursuing the academic course for two 
years. He then became vice-president of 
the Virginia-Carolina Hardware Company, 
subsequently returning to the University of 
Virginia, where he received the Bachelor's 
degree in law in 1907. While a student at 
the University of Virginia he was elected 
to membership in the Phi Delta Phi, the Chi 
Phi fraternities and other social organiza- 
tions, and was also awarded membership in 
the Lambda Pi fraternity, an honor based 
solely upon scholarship. In the year of his 
graduation Mr. Gary established in the ac- 
tive work of his profession in Richmond 
and there has his ofSce at the present time. 
The seven years of his continuance as an 
attorney of this city have witnessed the be- 
ginning of a career the brilliant promise of 
which is in full course of realization, and 
legal circles in Richmond have long held 
him in full membership. His club is the 
Westmoreland, and he is a communicant of 
the Second Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Gary married, in Richmond, Virginia, 



January 19, 1910, Amia Miller Cecil, born 
in Kentucky, daughter of Dr. Russell and 
Alma (Miller) Cecil, both natives of Ken- 
tucky. Dr. Russell Cecil is a minister of the 
Presbyterian faith and the pastor of the 
Second Presbyterian Church of that denom- 
ination in Richmond. Dr. and Mrs. Cecil 
are the parents of five children, four of 
whom reside in Richmond, \'irginia, one in 
New York City. Mr. and !Mrs. Gary are the 
parents of a son, Lucius Falkland Jr., born 
July 6, 191 1, and a daughter, Cecil, born 
July 26, 1913. died June 16, 1914. 

Henry Cabell Tabb, M. D. Of all the 

professions that of medicine has been unani- 
mously conceded to be of the first impor- 
tance in its benefit to humanity. The brave 
men who constantly of¥er their lives in this 
noble cause, are no less heroes than those 
who died on the field of battle, and frequent- 
ly their professional work is combined with 
the hardships and dangers which a soldier 
is called upon to encounter. This has not- 
ably been the case of the late Dr. Henry 
Cabell Tabb, of Richmond. Virginia, whose 
death threw gloom o\er the entire commun- 
ity. 

Dr. Henry Cabell Tabb was born in Rich- 
mond, Mrginia, March 3, 1839, a son of 
Philip Mayo and Martha (Mayo) Tabb, and 
a nephew of Joseph Mayo, for many years 
mayor of Richmond. He was just about 
eight years of age when his father removed 
from Richmond, having purchased "Re- 
veille," a large estate since owned by the 
late Dr. R. A. Patterson, and situated on th^ 
Gary street road. The early education of 
Dr. Tabb w^as received in Charles City 
county, where he was a student in the 
school conducted by his brother-in-law. Air. 
Ferguson, and from this went to the 
then famous school conducted by David 
Turner in Richmond. He was prepared 
for the university at Richmond College, and 
ha\-ing for a long time decided to follow the 
profession of medicine, previously studying 
the same in the office of old Dr. Henry Ca- 
Ijell. of Richmond, he matriculated at the 
Medical College of Virginia, from which 
institution he was graduated in the class of 
1S60 with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. 
He established himself in the practice of his 
profession at City Point. Prince George 
county, and was thus engaged at the out- 
break of the civil war. He at once enlisted. 



\IR(;i\IA BIOGRAPHY 



lOI 



in April. i8(ii. and was assigned as a ])rivate 
to Company K. Prince Georye Troop, 'L'hir- 
teenth Regiment of \'irginia Cavalry. Ik- 
saw much real' service while in the fieUl. and 
was detailed for surgical duty at Chimbor- 
azo Hosjjital. March 25, 1863. and ser\ed 
there until the close of the war. Dr. Tabb 
then settled in Richmond, X'irginia, where 
he not alone proved himself a very capable 
physician and surgeon, but by his real sym- 
pathy toward and with the sufferings with 
which he contended, he won the love and 
confidence of f 11 who came to him for treat- 
ment. He was appointed medical director 
of the Life Insurance Company of \^irginia 
in 1886, and was the incumbent of this office 
until his death. He gave up his general 
medical practice in lyoo. but he^ was fre- 
quently consulted by his professional breth- 
ren until the commencement of his last ill- 
ness. He was a charter member of the 
Alumni Association of the Medical College 
of Virginia, and one of the founders of the 
National Medical Directors' Association and 
its president for a number of years. 

Dr. Tabb married, April 10, 1867, llelle 
I 'ugh, of I'etersburg, and of their three chil- 
dren, William Halyburton, the eldest son, 
died some years ago ; the surviving children 
being Hester Cabell and T. Garnett. For 
many years Dr. Tabb was a member of the 
Seventh Street Christian Church. He died 
after an illness of about two months. May 
7, 1914, deeply and sincerely regretted by 
a large circle of friends in all classes of so- 
ciety. Kind-hearted and charitable to a de- 
gree, Dr. Tabb was personally known and 
welcomed throughout the city. His profes- 
sional work made him acquainted with 
many phases of human misery, and it was 
not alone the body to which he brought 
healing and comfort. Wherever he found 
substantial pecuniary assistance was needed 
he was ever ready to give, but this was done 
in so unostentatious a manner that only 
those who benefitted by his generosity will 
ever know the extent of it, and the far- 
reaching effect of his example will ever be 
of lasting benefit to the cit\ . 

Robert Henry Talley. The traditions of 
the Talley family indicate a French origin, 
the name having been Tallie in that coun- 
try. The founder in .America came from 
P'ngland about 1672, landing at Wilming- 
ton, Delaware, and making permanent set- 



dement in that state. He had a large fam- 
ily and from him spring all of the name 
claiming early colonial descent. 

Robert Henry Talley Jr. was born in 
Henrico county, Virginia, October 25, 1877, 
son of Robert Henry Talley Sr., born in 
Hanover county, in 1841, died in 1879, an 
attorney-at-law. Robert H. Talley, the 
elder, was a man of generous physical pro- 
portions, an able lawyer, an eloquent 
speaker, kindly-hearted and of genial dispo- 
sition. He married, in 1876, in Henrico 
county, .\nnie Irick Gilmer, born in Rock- 
ingham county, Virginia, in 1857, daughter 
of Dr. George Kooglar Gilmer, a physician 
of Rockingham county, a member of the 
Lutheran church, and from 1861 to 1865 a 
soldier of the Confederacy. Dr. Gilmer was 
a Whig in politics, later a Republican. He 
married, about 1849, Serena Irick. and had 
children: Annie Irick, married Robert 
Henrv Tallev ; George K. (2d); William; 
Thonias T. ;' AI. K., Sterling F. S. Dr. 
George K. Gilmer was one of the committee 
who after the war induced President Grant 
to withdraw military rule, and served in 
the \irginia house of delegates. Robert 
Henr\- Talley served in the Confederate 
army from 1861 to 1865, attaining the rank 
of sergeant. He was at one time common- 
wealth attorney for Charles City county, 
Virginia, and was elected to the Virginia 
house of delegates as an Independent. He 
had two sons: Robert Henry and George 
Sterling, the latter born December 23, 1879. 

Robert Henry Talley Jr. was educated in 
Richmond public schools and Richmond 
College, practicing stenography from his 
eighteenth to his twenty-first year. He was 
first employed by T. A. & W. F. Wickham. 
then by Judge Edmund ^^'addill Jr. He did 
n(}t graduate from college as he could not 
devote the necessary time on account of 
illness. ,\fter he began legal study he was 
obliged to attend college after working 
hours, and in 1900 was admitted to the bar. 
He began practice in Richmond the same 
year and is now well established. He has 
serx'ed as referee in bankrujitcy. assistant 
district attorney for the eastern district of 
Virginia, and on September 11, 1905, was 
appointed by President Roosevelt district 
attorney for the same district. Mr. Talley 
is the author of several articles on legal sub- 
jects that have appeared in the ''Virginia 
Law Register,'' and is recognized as one of 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



the strong young mtn of the \Mrginia bar. 
He is a Progressive RepubHcan in his politi- 
cal faith, and a member of the Baptist 
church. His college fraternity is the Phi 
Delta Gamma : his clubs the Commonwealth 
of Richmond and the Country Club of Vir- 
ginia. His si)orts are those of the open — 
golf, hunting and fishing — while his love of 
the soil is gratified by work in his garden, 
a favorite recreation. He believes that a 
clean life, a rigid adherence to the principles 
of honesty and truthfulness, hard system- 
atic work, not for self alone, but in the in- 
terests of the common good, are essentials 
to true success in life, and that young men 
will be strengthened and benefitted by fol- 
lowing such precepts. He is a lover of 
Dickens, Shakespeare, Bunyan, De Foe, and 
the Bible, having in his own life been en- 
couraged and helped, as well as entertained 
by the authors quoted, and that greatest of 
all Books. 

Mr. Talley married, at Garrison Forest. 
Pikesville, Maryland, October 15, 1903, 
Leonora Wight Waddill, born in Charles 
City county, Virginia, January 11, 1879, 
daughter of Edmund and Annie (Wight) 
\\'addill. Edmund Waddill was clerk of 
Charles City county. Children of Mr. and 
i\Irs. Talley : William Graves, born in Rich- 
mond. \'irginia, June 13, 1907; Robert 
Henry (3). born at Westhampton, Henrico 
county, Virginia, July 30. 1910. 

John Guerrant Trevilian, M. D. In the 
history of Richmond and her public men it 
is meet that mention be made of the late 
Dr. John G. Trevilian. a widely known Con- 
federate veteran, and for many years a suc- 
cessful physician and chief surgeon of the 
city, whose career has been of signal use- 
fulness and honor to the city and state. The 
family, who are of English descent, have 
been connected with the state of Virginia 
since the early part of the seventeenth cen- 
tury. 

J) John Trevilian. grandfather of Dr. 
John G. Trevilian, was a Virginia planter, 
scion of an old colonial family. He married, 
about 1794, Mrs. Mary Watkins, formerly 
Miss Mary Mayo. Children : Harriet, Lucy, 
John Mayo, of whom further. 

(H) John Mayo Trevilian, son of John 
Trevilian was born in Goochland county, 
Virginia, in June. 1800. He was also a Vir- 
ginia planter. He married, in 1823, in 



(ioocliland county, \'irginia, Mary Argyle. 
daughter of Sir Frederick and Rebecca 
(\\'inslow) Argyle. She was born in Gooch- 
land county, in June, 1807. Children : 
Mary, married Thomas Tabb ; Annie, mar- 
ried John Sanderson; Martha (Mattie), 
married Lafayette Baber, of Lynchburg ; 
Captain Charles B., of Williamsburg. Vir- 
ginia ; John Guerrant, of whom further : 
Rosa, married Henry Lewis. 

(HI) Dr. John G. Trevilian, son of John 
Mayo Trevilian, was born in Goochland 
county, Virginia. April I. 1840. He was 
reared amidst the happy surroundings of an 
old \'irginia plantation, pursued his early 
education under the guidance of private 
tutors, and then entered Hampden-Sidney 
College. Upon his graduation from the lat- 
ter college, he entered the LTniversity of 
Virginia, where he was a student during the 
session of 1858-59. He prepared for his pro- 
fession at the Medical College of Virginia, 
from which institution he graduated in 1861 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine. The 
war between the states was then in progress 
and immediately following his graduation 
he was commissioned assistant surgeon in 
the Confederate hospital service with head- 
cjuarters in Richmond, where he remained 
twelve months. He was then commissioned 
surgeon in charge of the hospital at War- 
renton and Winchester, and afterwards was 
made chief surgeon in General Lewis Arm- 
stead's brigade, Pickett's division. Army of 
Northern V'irginia, remaining with that com- 
mand through all its engagements includ- 
ing the battle of Gettysburg until the close 
of the war and was paroled at Appomattox 
Court House by General Grant. At the 
close of the war he moved his residence to 
Richmond and followed his life profession, 
and at the time of his death was one of the 
oldest and most highly respected physicians 
and surgeons of that city. From 1886 to 
1909 he served as surgeon to the City Hos- 
pital, discharging his duties in a thoroughly 
cajjable and efificient manner, the value of 
his work being inestimable. He was a 
member of the Richmond Academy of 
Medicine and Surgery, the \'irginia State 
Medical Association and the American 
Medical Association. 

Dr. Trevilian married, June 6, 1866, in 
Richmond. Virginia. Virginia Creed Par- 
rish. only child of Royal and Bethiah 
(Thomas) Parrish, the former named hav- 



THE NEW YORF. 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 



A8T«R, LENOX 
TILPS.N FOUWDATIOi;r 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



103 



ing; been a prosperous wholesale merchant 
of Richmond. 

Dr. Trevilian passed away at his home, 
No. 316 South Third street, Richmond, No- 
vember 24. 1913, aged seventy-three years. 
His death removed from the community one 
of the most beloved of the old school of 
physicians, who acted not only as physician 
but as friend, his presence bringing hope 
and inspiration to the afflicted, and many 
have cause to think of him with gratitude 
and love. The funeral services were con- 
ducted at the First Baptist Church, of Rich- 
mond, and the Richmond Academy of 
Medicine and Surgery and also other or- 
ganizations of which Dr. Trevilian was a 
member were well represented. His re- 
mains were interred in Hollywood Ceme- 
tery, Richmond. 

The following appeared in the "Times- 
Dispatch" of November 27, 1913: 

RESOLUTION OF RESPECT. 

Whereas, the members of the medical profession 
of Richmond have heard of the death of Dr. John 
Gtierrant Trevihan. a man who by the purity of his 
hfe as a man and physician, whose high standard of 
honor in the affairs of life and ethical rectitude as a 
doctor, the profession is the poorer for his loss, 
therefore 

Resolved, to place on record our regret in his 
death and appreciation of his worth as a man and a 
doctor. 

That we express to his family our profound sym- 
pathy in this affliction. That a copy of this Resolu- 
tion be published in the daily papers and the Vir- 
ginia Medical Events Monthly. 

Wm. S. Gordon, 
W. T. Oppenheimer, 
J. Shelton Horsley. 

William Duval Cardwell. The first Card- 
well of record in this country is believed to 
have come from Wales in the eighteenth 
century. He had three sons, one of whom 
settled in King William county, Vir- 
ginia, on the Mattaponi river ; the other 
two in Charlotte county, Virginia. One 
of the latter, Richard Cardwell, moved 
to North Carolina, locating in Rock- 
ingham county, on the Dan river, where 
he acquired a large landed estate. He 
was the great-great-grandfather of ^^'illiam 
Duval Cardwell, of Richmond and Ashland. 
Virginia, ex-speaker of the V^irginia house 
of delegates, and great-grandfather of Rich- 
ard Henry Cardwell, judge of the Virginia 
supreme court of appeals and also an ex- 
speaker of the house of delegates. 

(II) Joel Cardwell, son of Richard Card- 



well, was born on the plantation, near Mad- 
ison, Rockingham county, North Carolina, 
there lived and died, a large tobacco planter 
and farmer. By his wife, Maria (Scales) 
Cardwell, he had male issue. 

(Ill) Richard Perin Cardwell, son of Joel 
and Maria (Scales) Cardwell, was born on 
his father's plantation, near Madison, North 
Carolina, died October i, 1846. He was a 
farmer and tobacco planter, a Democrat in 
politics, and a Presbyterian in religion. He 
served in the North Carolina house of dele- 
gates and was elected state senator, but de- 
cided to enlist in the Mexican war instead of 
taking his seat. W'hile in the midst of prep- 
aration for joining the army, he was fatally 
stricken with t}'phoid fever. He married 
Elizabeth Martin Dalton, and had issue : 
Joseph, a soldier in the Confederacy, died in 
a Richmond hospital in 1862 ; Mary, died in 
1856; Maria L., yet living, a resident of 
Madison, North Carolina; Pleasants Dalton, 
a soldier of the Confederacy, killed in battle, 
June I, i8ri4; Richard Henry, of further 
mention. 

(1\") Judge Richard Henry Cardwell, son 
of Richard Perin Cardwell, was born at 
Madison, Rockingham county, North Caro- 
lina, August I, 1846. His father died when 
Richard was an infant, leaving his son to 
a youth of difficulty, but through the in- 
fluence of a noble mother, one that was well 
spent in useful labor and in obtaining an 
education. He attended the public school 
in the winter, also Beulah Male Institute 
and Madison Male Academy, but in spring, 
summer and autumn worked upon the farm. 
This continued until he was sixteen years 
of age, when he enlisted in the Confederate 
army, serving until the close of the war, 
although a part of this period he was in- 
capacitated by illness. After the war he 
returned to his North Carolina hoine, mar- 
ried the same year (1865) and in 1869 moved 
to Hanover county, Virginia, the home of 
his wife's family. There he farmed, studied 
law at home, and in 1874, through the as- 
sistance of lawyer friends of the county, 
obtained a license to practice. He rose rap- 
idly to distinction in his profession and in 
public esteem, took an active part in politics, 
and in 1881 was elected to represent Han- 
over county in the house of delegates. He 
served with mtich ability which received 
thorough ap])reciation and the endorsement 
of his constituents, bv successive re-elect- 



104 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



ions, serving in the house from 1 88 1 to 1895. 
He was four times elected speaker, serving 
in that capacity 1887-1895. In 1884 he was 
Democratic presidential elector ; in 1892 he 
was a member of the State Debt Commis- 
sion that effected a readjustment and settle- 
ment of the state debt of \'irginia. He was 
also chairman of the joint committee of the 
legislature of Virginia, to adjust and settle 
with Maryland the controversy over the 
boundary line between the two states. He 
prepared the report that later was adopted 
by the legislature of both X'irginia and 
Maryland as a final settlement of the dis- 
pute. In 1894 he was elected judge of the 
Virginia supreme court of appeals, for a 
term of twelve years, taking his seat on the 
bench, January i, 1895. He was a capable 
and conscientious judge and so won the rt- 
spect of the people of Virginia that in 1906 
he was re-elected for a second term of four 
years, and again in 1910 for a third term, 
twelve years. His residence is at Hanover. 
Virginia ; he is a member of the Presby- 
terian church and for many years has been 
an elder. 

Judge Cardwell married, in I'ebruary. 
1863. Kate Howard, born January 26. 1849. 
daughter of Edward Calthorpe Howard, 
granddaughter of William Howard, a direct 
descendant of John Howard, who settled 
in York covmty, Virginia, early in the seven- 
teenth century. Children of Judge Richard 
H. Cardwell: Howard, born in November. 
1866. died in December. 1876; William 
Duval, of further mention : Lucy Crump, 
born .August 16. 1870; Lizzie Dalton. born 
February 5. 1872; Charles Patteson, of fur- 
ther mention ; Kate, born July 2, 1875 ; Julia, 
born November 13. 1877. 

(V) William Duval Cardwell. eldest liv- 
ing son of Judge Richard Henry and Kate 
(Howard) Cardwell, was born at Madison. 
Rockingham county. North Carolina, on 
Easter Sunday. April 12. i8r;8. He was in- 
structed privately at his home, then pre- 
pared for college at McCuire's University 
School. Richmond, Virginia, entered Ran- 
dolph-Macon College, after which the law 
dei)artment of the University of Mrginia. 
whence he was graduated Bachelor of Laws 
in June. 1889. In that year he began the 
practice of law in Richmond, where he has 
practiced continuously and successfully un- 
til the present date. Until 1903 he lived on 
and managed a farm in Hanover county, but 



his home residence is now in the town of 
Ashland. Virginia. He was for some years 
p'resident of the Hanover Bank of Ashland, 
but- the law has ever received his closest 
attention. In political faith a Democrat, he 
is now and has been for many years chair- 
man of the Hanover County Democratic 
Committee; was representative from Han- 
over coimty in the \'irginia house of dele- 
gates. 1899-1906, and speaker of the house 
during the session of 1906, not being a can- 
didate for re-election to the next house. He 
gave many years to the military service of 
his state, serving in Hanover Cavalry Troop, 
rising from the ranks to a captaincy. His 
clubs are the W'estmoreland of Richmond, 
the Hanover of Ashland, the Bone Island 
Gun Club ; his college fraternity, the Phi 
Ka]5pa Sigma. 

Mr. Cardwell married at Blenheim, Han- 
over county. \'irginia. his wife's home and 
birthplace, April 10, 1890, Jane Price Greg- 
or}-. born January 8. 1868, daughter of Dr. 
Thomas Littlepage and Sarah Pendelton 
(Winston) Gregory. Dr. Gregory, a well- 
known physician, served as surgeon in the 
Confederate army. His children: Bessie D., 
Jane Price, mentioned above ; Fendall Little- 
page. Maria Powell, married M. P. Howard ; 
Nellie Ferrell. married George H. Morris. 

Children of William Duval and Jane Price 
(Gregory) Cardwell : Elise Rosser.born May 
3. 1891. graduate of Ashland High School: 
Sarah Pendleton, May 18. 1892, graduate of 
Ashland High School: William Howard. 
August 31, 1894, graduate of Ashland High 
School, now a student at Randolph-Macon 
College, Ashland. Virginia ; Richard Henry 
Jr., November 10, 1898, at Ashland High 
School ; Dorothea Price. January 18, 1903. 
in private school : Edward Gregory, January 
19, 1906. in ])rivate school. These children 
are all unmarried. 

Charles Patteson Cardwell, son of 
Judge Richard Henry (q. v.) and Kate 
(Howard) Cardwell. was born .\ugust 8, 
1873. in Hanover county. \'irginia. He at- 
tended the local schools of his native 
county : then took a course at the Richmond 
College and studied law under the direction 
of his father. Afterward he attended the 
University of \''irginia at Charlottsville 
where he graduated in 1895 as LL. B., and 
was admitted to the bar in Richmond, where 
he has practiced law since that time. 

Mr. Cardwell is affiliated with the Demo- 



\lR(.i.\lA BIOGRAPHY 



lo; 



cratic party, and is active in local politics, 
but has never held political office. He is 
a member of the board of trustees of the 
Negro Reformatory Association of \'irgima, 
and chairman of the executive committee of 
said board ; member of the board of visitors 
of the Medical College of Virginia, and one 
of the executive committee of the same ; a 
member of the vestry of St. Paul's Episco- 
[)al Church, at Hanover, \"irginia, where he 
resides. He is also a referee in bankruptcy 
of the United States district court for the 
eastern district of Virginia, and a member 
of the Westmoreland Club of Richmond. 

On October 25, 1900, he married Bessie 
Winston Lee, daughter of Major John 
Mason and Nora (Bankhead) Lee, the 
former named of the Confederate States 
army, who was on Ceneral Wickham's staft, 
and served throughout the war. She was 
born in 1877 in Statiford county, Virginia, a 
granddaughter of Commodore Sidney Smith 
Lee, a brother of (ieneral Robert E. Lee; 
a niece of General Fitzhugh Lee. and of 
Captain D. M. Lee, of Stafford county, Vir- 
ginia. Issue of Charles Patteson and Bessie 
Winston (Lee) Cardwell, namely: Charles 
Patteson Jr., born June 5, 1903, in Hanover 
county, Virginia : Bickerton \\'inston, born 
March 20, 1905, in Hanover county. Vir- 
ginia ; Kate Howard, born in Hanover 
county, December 6, 1909 ; Bessie Lee, born 
January 7, 1913, in Hanover county. Vir- 
ginia. 

Walter Leake. Ihe Leakes of Henrico, 
Goochland and Albemarle counties, Vir- 
ginia, are descended from William Leake, 
their common ancestor. Branches of that 
family live in Virginia, North Carolina. 
Mississippi and Texas. Hon. Walter Leake, 
sometime governor and United States, sen- 
ator from Mississippi, was descended from 
the same stock, and, in addition, the family 
has furnished names of persons who have 
become distinguished in the history of sev- 
eral states. 

(I) William Leake, the first American 
ancestor, was born in England. He emi- 
grated to Virginia in 1685, presumably with 
his wife, and settled in what was then Hen- 
rico but now Goochland county, Virginia. 
He died about 1720 at Rocky Spring, Gooch- 
land county, \''irginia. He married, about 
1685, probably just before leaving for Amer- 



ica, Mary Bostwick, who was also born in 
England. 

(H) Walter Leake, son of William and 
Mary (Bostwick) Leake, was born about 
1686-87, at Rocky Spring, in what was for- 
merly Henrico but now Goochland county, 
Virginia. He succeeded to his father's es- 
tate, and died there about 1756. He married 
Judith Mass, about 1710, and left surviving 
issue. • 

(HI) Josiah Leake, son of \\'alter and 
Judith (Mass) Leake, was born about 1712, 
at Rocky Spring, Goochland county, Vir- 
ginia, and died there in 1785. He was a 
planter and land owner. He married Ann 
Minter. and left issue. 

(I\') Josiah (2) Leake, son of Josiah (i( 
and Ann (Minter) Leake, was born May i, 
1770, at Rocky Spring, Goochland county, 
\'irginia. He graduated .\. 15. from Dick- 
inson College, at Carlisle, Pennsylvania ; 
practiced law in Goochland county ; was a 
successful planter; and in 1810-11 was a 
member of the \'irginia legislature. He 
died May 13, 1847, i" Goochland county, 
\irginia. He married, in 1797, Eliza (or 
Elizabeth 1 Porter Hatcher, of Huguenot 
descent; and left surviving issue, namely: 
Samuel D., of whom more hereafter, and 
Walter D., of whom more hereafter. 

(V) Walter D. Leake, son of Josiah (2) 
and Eliza (or Elizabeth) Porter (Hatcher 1 
Leake, was born about 1812, at Rocky 
Spring, Goochland county, Virginia. He 
was a graduate of Hampden-Sidney and 
^^'illiam and Mary Colleges, and the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. He was a lawyer, prac- 
ticed law in Goochland county ; a Democrat 
in politics; a member of the Virginia legis- 
lature in 184 — and for several consecutive 
years ; a memlier of the Virginia convention 
of 1850 and the secession convention of 
1861 ; a member of the Presbyterian church : 
captam of the Goochland Artillery Com- 
pany in the ci\ il war. Pie married, about 
1838. Margaret Kean, daughter of Dr. An- 
drew Kean, and they had children, namely: 

1. Andrew Kean, of whom more hereafter. 

2. Charles L. 3. Mattie E.. who married 
William Miller. 

(\'l I Andrew Kean Leake, son of Walter 
D. and Margaret (Kean) Leake, was born 
about 1842 in Goochland county, Virginia. 
He was lieutenant in a company of Colonel 
Richardson's command, in the Armv of 



io6 



vmr.ixrA tuography 



Northern ^'irginia, Confederate States of 
America. He studied law and was admitted 
to the bar of Goochland county, Virginia ; 
he was judge of the Goochland covmty court. 
In politics he was a Democrat: a member of 
the Presbyterian church. He married Violet 
Harris, daughter of Colonel David B. Har- 
ris, at Woodville, Goochland county, Vir- 
ginia. Her father was chief engineer on 
the staff of General G. T. Beauregard, Con- 
federate States army, in the defence of 
Charleston, South Carolina harbor, 1861- 
63 ; and she is a descendant of Major Robert 
Harris, who came from England, and was 
ancestor of the Harris family in Louisa 
county, Virginia. His wife was Mrs. Rice, 
nee Claiborne. Issue of Mr. and Mrs. Leake, 
namely : David H., Louis K., Walter. 
Charles L., Margaret, Frederica, Eliza Over- 
ton. 

Josiah Jordan Leake. (\ ) Samuel D. 
Leake, son of Josiah (2) (q. v.) and Eliza 
(or Elizabeth) Porter (Hatcher) Leake, 
was born at Rocky Spring, Virginia, De- 
cember ID, 1809, died in Ashland. Virginia. 
July 18, 18S0. He was educated at Hamp- 
den-Sidney College, and all his life was a 
prosperous agriculturist. He married. 
September 16, 1833, Fanny Minor Kean, 
daughter of Dr. Andrew and Martha W. 
(Callis) Kean, of Cedar Plains, Goochland 
county. Dr. Andrew Kean, of Scotch-Irish 
parentage, came from Ireland to Virginia, 
settling in Alleghany cotmty. He was a 
famous physician and a close friend of 
Thomas Jefferson. Mr. and Mrs. Leake had 
issue, including William Josiah, of whom 
further. 

(VI) William Josiah Leake, son of Sam- 
uel D. and Fanny Minor (Kean) Leake, 
was born in Goochland cdunty. \'irginia, 
September 30, 1843. He was a highly edu- 
cated lawyer and a cultured gentleman, 
judge of the Virginia court of chancery at 
Richmond, served his term and declined a 
re-election. He served four years in the 
Confederate army and was ever devoted to 
the service of his state. He held high and 
honorable position at the bar, was a jurist 
of distinction, and much esteemed by his 
fellow citizens. He died in Richmond, No- 
vember 23, 1908. He married, July 3, 1866, 
Sarah R. Jordan, born in Prince George 
county, Virginia, died May 23, 1890, daugh- 
ter of Tosiah M. Jordan, died November, 



i88fi, and Mary C. (Anderson) Jordan, his 
wife. Children: Fanny K., married James 
Lindsay ; Patton : Josiah Jordan, of whom 
further ; Stuart C. 

(VTI) Josiah Jordan Leake, son of Wil- 
liam Josiah and Sarah R. (Jordan) Leake, 
was born in Ashland, Hanover count}-, Vir- 
ginia, February 13, 1870. He attended Nor- 
wood's University School, in Richmond, 
1882-85, entered Randolph-Macon College 
in 1885, from whence he was graduated 
with the degree of A. M., class of 1890. In 
that year he entered the law department of 
the University of Virginia, and received his 
degree of B. L., class of 1893. During his 
last two years at Randolph-^lacon College 
he was sub-professor in mathematics, but 
with this exception his time was all devoted 
to acquiring a classical and professional edu- 
cation. Immediately after his graduation 
from the law school in June, 1893, he began 
the practice of law in Richmond, this pro- 
fession having his personal preference and 
the goal of his ambition. He is a lawyer of 
high standing, admitted to practice in all 
the state and federal courts of the district, 
and in all the varied branches of his profes- 
sion transacts much business of importance. 
He is a member of the various legal socie- 
ties. Sons of the Revolution, Beta Theta 
Pi, and in religious matters is affiliated with 
Hol\- Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church, 
in politics he is a Democrat. 

Mr. Leake married, December 7, 1904, 
Lisa Foulke Beirne, daughter of Richard F. 
and Clara G. Beirne. granddaughter of Pat- 
rick and Elizabeth F. Beirne, and of Thomas 
Billop and Clara (Haxall) Grundy. Patrick 
P)eirne came to Greenbrier county, Virginia, 
in 1812, from Rhodeen, parish of Aughrim, 
county of Roscommon. Ireland. 

Edgar Bernard English. Edgar Bernard 
English is one of the rising lawyers of Rich- 
mond. Virginia, a type of the energy and 
enterprise which is raising the south from 
the period of depression of the pgst-bellum 
days, and placing it once more in the posi- 
tion of social and industrial importance that 
it had always occupied. 

The first of the name of English in the 
direct line to come to this country was Wil- 
liam English, grandfather of Edgar Bernard 
English, who was a native of JNIitchelstown. 
county Cork, Ireland, who came to America 
in 1832 and lived his life in Richmond, Y\r- 



r THE NEW YORK 
IPUBUC LIBRARY 
I 

j *ST«f(, Le»«X 





'I 




7Uy) 



\'1R(^,IMA BIOGRAPHY 



107 



ginia, founding there a grocery business 
which he conducted for many years. He, 
as well as his son, served in the Confederate 
army during the civil v\-ar, in the First Vir- 
ginia Regiment, and later as captain of 
Company C, Montgomery Guards, holding 
that office for four years. He was captured 
and made a prisoner of war, was wounded 
at Manassas, after which he performed scout 
duty around Richmond. He married Sarah 
Harrold, a native of Richmond, Virginia. 

Robert E. English, son of William and 
Sarah (Harrold) English, was born in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, July 6, 1846, and is now 
living there, retired. He served in the Con- 
federate arm\- during the civil war with 
Company D, Third Virginia Regiment, Cap- 
tain Elfred Elery commanding. He owned 
and operated a wholesale and retail grocery 
business for many years in Richmond. He 
married Madeleine Augustine, and they had 
nine children, as follows: William J., de- 
ceased ; Robert E. Jr., deceased ; Edgar Ber- 
nard, of whom further ; Louis, deceased ; 
Joseph A., deceased; Harrold 1., now of Los 
Angeles, California; Madeleine E., now Mrs. 
Granville Gray, of Richmond ; James Y ., 
deceased ; Paul X., lieutenant in the Seven- 
teenth United States Infantry, at present 
stationed at Fort McPherson, Georgia. 

Edgar Bernard English, son of Robert E. 
and Madeleine (Augustine) English, was 
born in Richmond, August 18, 1875. He 
obtained his education in the private schools 
of Richmond and afterwards at Richmond 
College, from which he graduated with the 
class of 1897 with the degree of B. L. Since 
that time he has been practicing law in his 
native city with marked success. He is a 
Democrat in politics, and is a member of 
the city council from Clay \\'ard. Air. Eng- 
lish is unmarried. 

George Morgan Jones. From i8f>5 until 
his death a leading business man of Lynch- 
burg, Virginia, president of the National 
Exchange Bank for twenty years, president 
of the first Cotton Manufacturing Company 
in that city, a leader in educational and phil- 
anthropic movements, George Morgan 
Jones left behind him a record of strict in- 
tegrity, business ability, unalterable de- 
votion to duty and public spirit seldom 
equalled. The story of his life from bov- 
hood is of absorbing interest covering as it 
does so many phases of human life and ac- 



tivity. A remarkable feature of his life story 
is the unfailing courage with which he met 
life's difficulties and whether in the clash of 
actual battle or in the hardly less strenu- 
ous business conflicts, or in the struggle for 
health, he was always the true soldier un- 
complaining, cheerful and always "on duty." 

(jeorge Morgan Jones was born at Jere- 
my's Run, Page county, Virginia, May 4, 
1824, died in Lynchburg, Virginia. He was 
the son of Wharton and Nancy (Follis) 
Jones, who brought the lad up in a manner 
that influenced his entire life, instilling the 
soundest principles of true manhood from 
which he never departed. He attended the 
county schools until fifteen years of age, 
then began business life as clerk in the gen- 
eral store near his home, owned and man- 
aged by Gabriel Jordan. He spent six years 
with Mr. Jordan, developing sound busi- 
ness traits that commended him to his em- 
ployer and the patrons of the store. At the 
age of twenty-one years he encountered his 
first serious obstacle in his life's progress, 
ill health, which compelled him to alter his 
plans and meet this foe. He resigned his 
position and with his brother set out on a 
horse-back journey, thinking a summer 
spent in the open air would repair the dam- 
age done by his years of too close confine- 
ment. He spent six months roaming at 
will through the then little developed middle 
west, reaching Missouri, and from that state 
retracing his way to his \'irginia home. This 
wandering summer restored his health and 
added greatly to his store of knowledge of 
men and places, broadening his outlook and 
enlarging his experience. On his return 
home he formed a partnership with his 
cousin, A. A. Jones, and again entered mer- 
cantile life, opening a general store at Peaks- 
ville in I!edford county, Virginia. Later this 
partnership was dissolved, George M. Jones 
retiring and engaging in business alone at 
Bedford City. Here he established a pros- 
perous business and won the respect of that 
community to an unusual degree. 

In 1855 he joined his cousin, A. T. Jones, 
in a most profitable mercantile venture at 
Salisbury, North Carolina, continuing there 
in the hardware business most successfully 
until the outbreak of the excitement imme- 
diately precedingthe beginning of actual war 
between the states. His sense of duty, to 
his state decided his course, and closing out 
his business he returned to Virginia to fol- 



T08 



\'IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



low whatever action was taken by this com- 
monwealth. When Virginia cast her lot 
with the Confederacy he enlisted in the Sec- 
ond Virginia Cavalry and served with honor 
during the greater part of the war that fol- 
lowed. \Mien the Confederacy was dis- 
solved at Appomattox by the surrender of 
the gallant army commanded by the great 
Lee, Mr. Jones retired to a farm in Bed- 
ford county and with characteristic courage 
began the work of retrieving his own fallen 
fortunes. He remained on the farm until 
December, 1865, then located in Lynchl^urg 
and began his long connection with the busi- 
ness development and upbuilding of that 
city, also prostrated by the ravages of war. 

He formed a partnership with his broth- 
ers-in-law, Richard T. and James \\'. Watts, 
under the firm name of Jones, Watts & Com- 
panv, and began business as wholesale and 
retail dealers in hardware. The firm pros- 
pered mightily, the partners working in 
closest harmony and with an energy, judg- 
ment and farsightedness that could only end 
in success. As the Lynchburg store became 
over-taxed, branches were established until 
Danville, Bedford City, Roanoke and Saleni 
each had stores owned by the parent firm, 
operated as branches. About 1882 E. L. 
Hell and J. T. Jennings were admitted part- 
ners, the firm name becoming Jones, W'atts 
Brothers & Company. In June, 1887, the 
original founders retired from the firm 
which continued as Bell, Barker & Jennings. 

After retiring from mercantile life Mr. 
Jones joined heartily in the mo\"enient then 
being agitated that resulted in giving to 
Lynchburg a large cotton mill, the first 
erected in the cit}'. Mr. Jones is said to 
have origmated the project of erecting this 
plant, it having been borne in upon him 
most forcibly by repeated requests for char- 
ity that a source of steady employment 
should be provided. He was chosen the 
first president of the company formed 
through his efforts and so interested and 
determined was he that the plan should suc- 
ceed that he kept daily watch over the erect- 
ion and equipment of the plant during the 
two years required between inception and 
completion. During this period he con- 
tracted the ailment that caused him much 
suffering in later 3'ears, and finally forced 
him to relinquish his official leadership of 
the company to whose interests, however. 
he was devoted until the end of his days. 



His public spirit and his executive ability 
was never more forcibly displayed than dur- 
ing the period of his connection with the 
cotton mill. 

The activities mentioned, however, only 
indicate Mr. Jones' great usefulness, as he 
had other interests, in fact, nothing that 
was conducive to the welfare and prosperity 
of Lynchburg but had his earnest support. 
A list of Lynchburg's enterprises would 
also serve as a list of his activities in the 
city, while outside ventures benefitted by 
his co-operation, wisdom and ex])erience. 
For twenty years he was the honored and 
capable president of the National Exchange 
Bank of Lynchburg, and as a financier he 
firmly established the prosperity of that in- 
stitution. He was the first president of the 
Lynchburg Board of Trade and in that ca- 
pacity furthered the material upbuilding of 
the city. He was largely interested in Vir- 
ginia coal mines, in fact, was one of the 
contributing sources of strength to that 
and many other industries of the state. He 
never forgot his own modest start in life 
and ever took a deep interest in young men, 
their hopes and ambitions. He aided many, 
now successful Ijusiness men, to obtain their 
start in life, his purse, council and encour- 
agement being freely devoted to the service 
of such as he deemed worthy. 

He was a devoted Methodist and for nine- 
teen years was a pillar of strength to Court 
Street Methodist Episcopal Church, taking 
an active interest until health no longer per- 
mitted. His liberality is attested by stained 
glass windows of the most perfect art, pul- 
pit furnishings of costly design, given in 
memory of his two daughters taken from 
him when just entering youthful woman- 
hood. He was a liberal supporter and is 
credited with being the originator of the 
plan that brought to Lynchburg a branch 
of Randolph-AIacon College system of 
higher educational facilities for young 
women, donating generously to the cost of 
the buildings now constituting Randolph- 
Macon Woman's College and aiding in 
many ways to insure success. 

After the death of his daughters he con- 
ceived the project that for years lay closest 
his heart — the founding of a iniblic library 
in Lynchburg. The plans for an imposing 
specially designed building to be centrally 
located were drawn, location was partially 
decided upon and the erection of a library 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



109 



designed to be the finest and most complete 
in the south, nearly ready to be commenced 
when death took away the head of the move- 
ment and it was abandoned. Later, how- 
ever, a part of the money he donated was 
used for the intended purpose and a fine 
building erected and donated to the city 
with an endowment fund for its mainte- 
nance. This library, valuable and useful as 
it is, and emphasizing as it does the public 
spirit and generosity of its donor, does not 
compare in value with the value of his life 
as an examj)le and an inspiration to young 
men. The influence of his life was always 
felt for good and the lesson it teaches will 
ever live. 

Mr. Jones married Mary Frances, daugh- 
ter of Richard and Isabella (Newell) Watts 
(of extended mention elsewhere in this 
workj. Children, all now deceased: George 
Lee, May Lillie, .Nannie Belle. Mrs. Mary- 
Frances (Watts) Jones survives her hus- 
band, a resident of Lynchburg, her beauti- 
ful home being upon Rivermont avenue. 

William Henry White. A tradition handed 
down in the family of William Henry White 
relates that the family is descended from 
one of two brothers who came from Wales 
during the colonial period of Virginia, one 
of whom was drowned in landing from the 
ship on which they came, and the other 
brother settled in Gloucester county, Vir- 
ginia, where he married a Miss Robbins, and 
had issue. The emigrant ancestor of Glou- 
cester county thus became the founder of 
this particular White family in Virginia. 

(I) William White, a descendant, was 
born in Norfolk county, Virginia. He served 
in a cavalry company from Norfolk county, 
Virginia, in the war of 1812. He was a 
merchant, a Whig, and a member of the 
Methodist church. He married Lovey Wil- 
son, nee Old, the widow of Miles Wilson, 
in Norfolk county, Virginia. They had sev- 
eral children, namely : William, of whom 
more hereafter ; Cvrena, John R., Edward 
Park, Littleton W.' 

(II) D^. William (2) White, son of Wil- 
liam (i) and Lovey (Old-Wilson) White, 
was born in Norfolk county, Virginia, in 
the year 1824. He was educated for the 
medical profession and was a physician at 
Portsmouth, Virginia. He was a Whig in 
politics, a member of the Virginia secession 
convention in 186 1, and afterward colonel 



of the l'"ourteenth Regiment of Virginia In- 
fantr}-, Armstcad's brigade, Pickett's divis- 
ion. Lie participated in Pickett's famous 
charge at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, and was 
severely wounded in three places, but re- 
covered. He married Henrietta Turner, 
daughter of William and Mary (King) 
Turner, in King William county, Virginia. 
She was born there in 1826, was descended 
from the Turners of the "Grove," an estate 
near the Piping Tree ferry on the Pamunky 
river in King William county, Virginia, dur- 
ing colonial days. Issue of Dr. and Mrs. 
William White: Hilah F., born April 6. 
1845, married Judge John M. White, of 
Charlottesville, Virginia ; William Henry, 
of whom more hereafter ; James Turner, 
born July 6. 1853, in Norfolk county, Vir- 
ginia. 

(Ill) William Henry \\'hite, son of Dr. 
William (2) and Henrietta (Turner) White, 
was born April 16, 1847, i" Norfolk county, 
Virginia. He received his elementary in- 
struction in the private school of Heath 
Jones Christian, at Richmond, Virginia ; 
then attended the Virginia Military Insti- 
tute, at Lexington, Virginia, in 1864 and 
18^5 ; in 1865-66 and 1866-67, the University 
of Virginia, but did not take a degree for 
want of time to complete the course. His 
educational work was interrupted by the 
state of war then prevailing, and while at 
the Virginia Military Institute he served 
with the corps of cadets from that institu- 
tion at the battle of New JMarket, Virginia. 
He studied law and began to practice, April 
17, 1868, at Portsmouth, Virginia. 

He was elected commonwealth attorney 
for Norfolk county in 1869, and removed to 
Norfolk City in 1870; was elected common- 
wealth attorney for Norfolk City in 1871. 
He was United States district attorney for 
the eastern district of Virginia, 1893-97, 
during President Cleveland's second admin- 
istration. In 1873 h'^ formed a partnership 
to practice law with Judge Theodore b. 
Garnett, under the name of White & Gar- 
nett, which continued until 1903, and shortly 
after the last mentioned date he formed an- 
other co-partnership under the firm name of 
White, Tunstall & Thorn, attorneys-at-law, 
which continued until January I, 1907, when 
Mr. White retired from the firm. He was 
general counsel for the City Gas Compan}-, 
of Norfolk ; the Old Dominion Steamship 
Company, and of the Norfolk & Southern 



I lO 



VIRCIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



Railroad Company. He became president 
of the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Poto- 
mac Railroad Company. Januar}- I, 1907, 
also of the \N'ashington Southern Railway 
Company at the same time, and soon after- 
ward moved to Richmond, A'irginia, to as- 
sume his official duties. Air. ^^'hite married 
(first) Lucy Landon Carter Alinor, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Lewis Willis and Eloise (Inner- 
rarity) Minor. November 4, 1869, at Nor- 
folk, Virginia. Her father was a ph\sician, 
and prior to the civil war he was fleet sur- 
geon in the United States navy, but later 
he became fleet surgeon in the Confederate 
States navy. Issue of Dr. Lewis Willis 
Minor, namely : Lucy Landon Carter, of 
whom above ; Lewis Willis Jr. Air. White 
married (second) Emma Gray, daughter of 
Henjamin C. and Susan E. (Reid) Gray, 
March 10, 1880, at Richmond. She was 
born in Richmond, and her father was some- 
time a member of the Virginia state assem- 
bly from Richmond. Issue of Benjamin C. 
Gray, namely : Alfred, Ida, Fanny, Hattie, 
Benjamin, Mary, Emma, of whom above. 
Issue of \\'illiam Henry and Lucy Landon 
Carter (Minor) White, namely: i. Eloise 
I., who married O. G. Hinton, of Petersburg, 
Virginia, and had five children, to wit: Or^ 
lando, Eloise. Hildah, William Henry, Rob- 
ert. 2. William Henry Landon, born at 
Norfolk, \'irginia: graduated at the Uni- 
versity of \'irginia : studied medicine, and 
in 1913 was a practicing physician at Knox- 
ville, Tennessee; married Ida Ellis; no chil- 
dren. 3. William Henry Jr., born at Nor- 
folk, \'irginia ; was graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, B. L., and admitted to 
the Virginia state bar at Norfolk, where he 
practiced law ; married Mary Royster, of 
Norfolk, Virginia ; and they have two chil- 
dren : Mary S., and Emma G. . 

In recent years Mr. W^hite has been asso- 
ciated with a number of social and busi- 
ness organizations. He is director of the 
Norfolk National Bank, at Norfolk, \^ir- 
ginia ; the Norfolk Bank for Savings and 
Trusts ; the Merchants National Bank ; the 
Old Dominion Trust Company, of Rich- 
mond, Virginia. He is a Democrat in poli- 
tics. He attends the Protestant Episcopal 
church, of which his family are members, 
though he is not a communicant of any 
church. He is a member of the Delta Psi 
and of the Phi Beta Kappa, college fraterni- 



ties ; also a member of the Lotus Club, of 
New York ; the X'irginia Club, of Norfolk, 
and of the Westmoreland Club and the 
Commonwealth Club, of Richmond, \'ir- 
ginia. 

Joseph Augustus White, M. D. In 1880 
Dr. \\'hite located in Richmond, a young 
man of thirty-two years, thoroughly pre- 
pared for the practice of his profession by 
man}- years of study in the best medical 
schools of the United States and Europe, 
eight 3'ears of practice in his native city of 
Baltimore, Alaryland, and fresh from a pro- 
fessorship in Washington University Medi- 
cal College. In the years that have since 
elapsed he has risen to the topmost round 
of the professional ladder and has achieved 
a national reputation as a specialist in dis- 
eases of the eye, ear, nose and throat. 

(I) Dr. \Miite descends from colonial 
forbears, long seated in Frederick county, 
Maryland. His great-grandfather, Abraham 
White, of that county, recruited a battery 
of artillery during the revolutionary war 
and was commissioned a major of artillery 
atA\'iHiamsburg. Virginia, in 1780. 
'" (II) John White, son of Abraham White, 
was born in Baltimore, Maryland. He was 
a merchant, and a soldier in the war of 181 2, 
serving in the Fifth Maryland Regiment. 
He was a Whig in politics, and a member 
of the Roman Catholic church. His' eldest 
son. Charles L. White, was a prominent 
clergyman of that denomination, pastor of 
St. Matthew's Church in \\'ashington, D. 
C. He had a second son, Ambrose A., and 
daughters, Mary and Elizabeth. 

(HI) Ambrose A. White, son of John 
U'hite. was born in Baltimore, Maryland, 
in 1S08, died there in 1885. He spent his 
business life in Baltimore, engaged in the 
coft'ee trade as importer and wholesale 
dealer, being senior member of the import- 
ant firm. White & Elder. He was a com- 
municant of the Roman Catholic church, and 
a man of influence in his city. He married, 
1833, Mary Hurley, born in Philadeljihia, 
Pennsylvania, 1814, died 1893. daughter of 
Thomas Hurley, a merchant of Philadelphia, 
born in Ireland. Thomas Hurley married 
Ann L. Carroll, one of the noted beauties 
of F'hiladelphia, her portrait by Sully, now 
in the possession of Edward H. White, of 
New York, proving her right to the title. 



; THE NEW YORK 
PUBUC LIBRARY 



AST«N, LENOX 
TILBEN FOUNDATION! 








'^ / /iL-u-Ty^^ A^~ 



■^' 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



III 



Ambrdse A. and Mary (Hurley) White 
were the parents of eight sons and three 
daughters. 

(IV) Dr. Joseph Augustus White, son of 
Ambrose A. \\'hite, was born in Baltimore, 
Maryland, April 19, 1848. After passing 
through preparatory schools, he entered 
Rock Hill College, Ellicott City, Maryland ; 
then attended Loyola College, Baltimore, 
Maryland, and Mt. St. Mary's College, Em- 
mitsl)urg, Maryland, receiving from the lat- 
ter institution in 1867 the degrees of A. B. 
and A. M. He had decided upon the pro- 
fession of medicine as his lifework and after 
completing his classical education entered 
the medical department of the University 
of Mar)land, whence he was graduated M. 
I), in 1869. He then pursued courses of 
medical study abroad at the Ecole de Medi- 
cine, Paris, France ; the University of Free- 
burg un Bressgan, Baden ; Heidelberg and 
Berlin. Returning to the United States in 
1872, he began practice in Baltimore, con- 
tinuing until 1880, also filling the chair of 
opthalmology in Washington University 
Medical College, in that city. In 1880 he 
located in Richmond, Virginia, where he 
has advanced to the highest rank in his 
profession. He is an authority on diseases 
of the eye, ear, nose and throat, and is now 
professor of opthalmology in the Medical 
College of Virginia. He is president of the 
American Laryngological, Rhinological and 
Otological Society, the largest association 
of ear, nose and throat specialists in the en- 
tire world, and is also a member of a num- 
ber of prominent medical societies, and in 
many of them holds official position. He 
has lectured and written extensively on his 
specialties, and is well known in the pro- 
fession all over the United States. He has 
devoted his whole life to the service of his 
fellowmen and has held no position out- 
side the professional societies, nor engaged 
in any business. 

He is a member of the Westmoreland and 
Commonwealth clubs, of Richmond ; the 
Deep Run Hunt Club, and the Country 
Club of Virginia. Through his patriotic 
ancestor, Major Abraham White, he de- 
serves membership in the Sons of the Amer- 
ican Revolution, and for several years was 
president of the \'irginia Chapter. In poli- 
tics he is a Democrat, and in religious be- 
lief a Catholic. 

Although nearing the age when men 



think of retirement, Dr. White is as earnest 
a student and as deeply immersed in re- 
search and investigation of cause, remedy 
and treatment of disease, as when forty 
years ago he began practice. His life has 
been a blessing to his fellowmen and "finis" 
is not yet written on his work for humanity. 
Dr. White married, December 27, 1877, 
in Montgomery, Alabama, Sophia Berney, 
born in that city in 1856, daughter of James 
Berney, M. D., and his wife, Sophia (Saf- 
fold) Berney. She is one of the eight chil- 
dren : John, Saftold, Chollet, James, Alary, 
PMiillippa and Sophia. The sons of Dr. 
\\'hite all died in childhood ; they were : 
James Berney, Joseph Edward and Joseph 
Augustus. The daughters were : Mary 
Edith, married Stuart l)Owe and has a 
daughter. Edith ; Sophia Berney, married 
George Lee Mason, and has a daughter, 
Sophia Ijerney. 

John Murphy. The eventful career of 
John Murphy, of Richmond, Virginia, be- 
gan when he landed on these shores, but 
undoubtedly he inherited the elements of 
character which have contributed to his 
marked success from his antecedents, and 
the early environment of his native land. 
He was born February 15, 1842, in county 
Cork. Ireland, and his parents, Peter and 
Margaret , Murphy, were descended from 
the native inhabitants of that locality. 

County Cork is generally considered to 
have been instituted by King John; it was 
but sparsely settled before the sixteenth 
century, when among others to whom the 
crown granted lands within the county were 
Sir Walter Raleigh and Edmund Spenser, 
the poet, who received forty thousand acres 
and thirty thousand and twenty-eight acres 
of land respectively. After 1602 these lands, 
together with other large estates, were col- 
onized by English settlers, hence the later 
population of county Cork became a more or 
less hylirid race, consisting of the English 
element engrafted upon the native Irish 
stock. It was from these elements that the 
family of Murphy sprang, and the dominant 
influence of this antecedent history gave the 
elements of character to John Murphy, 
which enabled him to succeed under the 
averse conditions of life during the early 
\ears of his career in this country. 

He was at Richmond, Virginia, when the 
civil war began, and the cause of the Con- 



112 



\'1RGL\IA BIOGRAPHY 



federacy appealed to him. In April, 1861, 
he enlisted for one year in Company F, Fif- 
teenth Regiment of Virginia Volunteers, 
and was sent to the front under General 
AlacGruder in the eastern part of Virginia. 
In the following year he re-enlisted in Let- 
cher's battery, Pegram's battalion of artil- 
lery ; was in the seven days fighting around 
Richmond, and was slightly wounded in 
the battle of Alalvern Hill, July i, 1862. He 
participated in Lee's first invasion of Alary- 
land, and was seriously wounded at ^\'ar- 
renton Springs on August 21, 1862; but in 
1864, after his recovery, he joined Morgan's 
cavalry, at ^^'ytheville. in southwestern 
Virginia, where Morgan's troop was being 
re-organized. Soon afterward he was cap- 
tured at the battle of Floyds Mountain, near 
Dublin, Virginia, and sent to Camp Chase. 
Ohio, where he was held a prisoner until the 
close of the war. 

When he was discharged from prison, he 
learned that his parental home and all that 
was dear to him had been destroyed in the 
famine and flame swept city of Richmond 
during the last days of the war, so with the 
lure of promise in the great west before him, 
and the devastation of war behind him, he 
joined the westward bound tide of emigra- 
tion to that Mecca, and sought to rebuild 
his broken fortune there, like many other 
soldiers of the Confederac}'. He gladly ac- 
cepted the first ofi^er of employment made 
to him, which was to drive a stage coach 
for Holiday & Carlisle, who owned and 
operated a line of stage coaches that formed 
part of the "Overland Express" from Mis- 
souri to California. After a few months' 
service, his employers offered him the posi- 
tion of general manager of their supply train 
at a salary considered large for those days ; 
hov^-ever, a love for his adopted home city 
of Richmond still lingered in his heart, and 
in 1866, something over a year after the 
war closed, he returned there. He found 
the city, figuratively speaking, arising phoe- 
nix-like from the ashes of her ruins. He 
did whatever came to hand in the effort to 
rehabilitate the family's lost fortune, and 
by 1872 he had earned and saved enough 
money to establish himself in a small mer- 
cantile lousiness. It was on the site of the 
]jresent Murphy Hotel, and in a few years 
more he was able to purchase the property, 
and in 1886 built the first hotel structure 
which bears his name, consisting of some 



thirty rooms. F'rom time to time the struc- 
ture has been enlarged, until at the present 
time ( 1914), it is the largest hotel and most 
widely known hostelry in the state of Vir- 
ginia. This magnificent hotel consists of 
three buildings, containing five hundred 
guest rooms, fronting on Broad, Eighth and 
Grace streets. The buildings are connected 
l\v magnificent bridges arranged as sun 
parlors, thereby combining convenience, 
health and comfort. 

Mr. Murphy's business success, particu- 
larl\- in hotel management, has been phe- 
nomenal ; he has been a liberal patron of 
every movement, in recent years, that had 
for its object the business and commercial 
advancement of Richmond, and he is widely 
known for his genial hospitality, charities 
and patriotism. Himself a Confederate vet- 
eran, who has ever allied with the memor- 
ial organizations of the "Lost Cause," he is 
nevertheless fraternally, on the best of terms 
with the Grand Army of the Republic or- 
ganizations, and has several times been 
guest of honor in celebrations north of 
Alason and Dixon's line. In 1896 he was 
chosen commander of R. E. Lee Camp of 
United Confederate Veterans, which is the 
most prominent Confederate veteran organ- 
ization in the state, and served for eighteen 
years as a member of the board of directors 
of Lee Camp. Soldier's Home. He is a con- 
sistent member of the Roman Catholic 
church. During the years of his prosperity- 
he has dispensed charity with a free hand 
to many worthy young men whom he has 
assisted to secure an education and to finan- 
cial success, and also he has ever had an en- 
thusiastic interest in the welfare of child- 
life round about him. 

In politics Mr. Murphy is a stanch Demo- 
crat, and he takes an active interest in local 
politics. He was made a director of the Vir- 
ginia State Agricultural Society in 1890, and 
for two years served as its vice-president ; in 
1898 Governor J. Hoge Tyler appointed him 
a member of the board of directors of the 
\'irginia Penitentiary^ ; he has been a direc- 
tor of the P.road Street Bank, of Richmond, 
since it was founded in 1902 ; likewise of the 
Old Dominion Trust Company ; and despite 
great demands upon his time by his own 
business interests, he is actively identified 
with numerous business and social organi- 
zations. He is a^ftiember of the Royal Ar- 
canum, of the Catholic Knights of America, 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



"3 



the Independent Order of Heptasophs, and 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. 
His remarkable success often elicits in- 
quiries from persons who seek his advice ; 
to such he recommends, in general, that 
they eschew all intoxicating liquors and 
vicious company, and that they first own 
their own homes, and avoid all financial 
ipeculations, policies, doubtless, that have 
contributed to his own remarkable success. 
Mr. Murphy married (first) Jane McCabe, 
of Richmond, Virginia, in 1868; and mar- 
ried (second) in 1903, Louisa O'Connor, of 
Charleston, South Carolina. Issue of first 
marriage: Nellie J., Edward F., Madeline 
McCabe, Alice E., John Jr., George D., Rob- 
ert E. No children by second marriage. 

Charles Wilbur Mercer, M. D. The Mer 
cers on coming from Scotland first settled in 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from whence 
came John Mercer, great-grandfather of Dr. 
Charles W. Mercer, of Richmond, Virginia, 
settling in Middlesex county, Virginia. His 
son, Isaac J. Mercer, was born in Middle- 
sex county, in 1824, died in Richmond, June 
4, 1908. He was a lumberman and a lum- 
ber dealer in established business at Rich- 
mond, where at the time of his death he was 
the oldest dealer in the city. He was a Bap- 
tist in religion and a Democrat in politics. 
He married, October 8, 1850, in Richmond, 
Josephine Virginia Arselle, of French de- 
scent. Children : Caroline Virginia, born 
August 9, 185 1, married W. J. Young, and 
resides in Richmond ; Charles Augustus, of 
whom further; Isaac Morton, born June 28, 
1857, a minister of the Gospel, now pastor 
of the Baptist church at Rocky Mount, 
North Carolina ; William Florence, M. D., 
born February 13, 1862, specialist in diseases 
of the eye, ear and throat, practicing in 
Richmond ; Walter Cabell, born May 10, 
1865, professor of music in the public 
schools of Richmond ; James H., born Janu- 
ary 2, 1874, sheriff of Henrico county, Vir- 
ginia, and Hugh C, deputy clerk of the cir- 
cuit court, Virginia. 

Charles Augustus Mercer, eldest son of 
Isaac J. and Josephine V. (Arselle) Mercer, 
was born in Richmond, Virginia, June 12, 
1853. He prepared for the profession of 
dentistry and is now one of the oldest den- 
tists practicing in Richmond. He is a mem- 
ber of the Baptist church and a Democrat. 
He married Nannie Vaughn Robertson, 

VIR— 8 



born in Richmond, September 8, 1856, died 
May 15, 1913. Children: Charles Wilbur, 
of whom further ; Eugene Garnet, born Sep- 
tember 3, 1881, now a civil engineer in 
Richmond ; Caroline Gertrude, born Sep- 
tember 3, 1883, married J. Chalmers Bris- 
tow, and resides in Richmond ; Isaac John, 
born November 6, 1886, now an optician 
living in Petersburg, Virginia ; Edwin 
Dunn, born December 26, 1888, now a sales- 
man of Chicago, Illinois; Morton, born July 
II, 1891, now clerk in the Merchants Na- 
tional Bank, Richmond ; Cabell T,, born Au- 
gust 28, 1893, now a student at the Medical 
College of \ irginia. 

Dr. Charles Wilbur Mercer, eldest son of 
Charles Augustus and Nannie V. (Robert- 
son) Mercer, was born in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, April 3, 1880. His elementary and 
preparatory education was obtained in Rich- 
mond public schools and McCabe's Univer- 
sity School ; his professional training at the 
Medical College of Virginia, whence he was 
graduated Doctor of Medicine, May 10, 
1904. He practiced five years in Blackstone, 
then in 1910 took a post-graduate course 
in the polyclinic department of Tulane 
Medical College, at New Orleans, Louis- 
iana, after which he located in Richmond, 
specializing in orthoepedic surgery. During 
the interval from his graduation. May 10, 
1904, until his location in Blackstone, in 
May, 1905, Dr. Mercer was a resident phy- 
sician at the City Hospital and ambulance 
surgeon of the city of Richmond. He is a 
member of the American Medical Associa- 
tion, the Southern Medical Association, the 
Richmond Academy of Medicine, and the 
Aledical Society of Virginia. He is well 
established in practice in Richmond, one of 
the rising young practitioners of that city. 
He belongs to the Masonic Order and the 
Junior Order of American Mechanics. In 
religious faith he and his wife are Bap- 
tists. 

Dr. Mercer married, at New Orleans, 
Louisiana, December 18, 1907, Kathleen 
Owen Sherwood, born in Washington, 
Georgia. November 4, 1884, oldest child of 
Ralph .Sherwood, business supervisor of the 
Life Insurance Company of Virginia, in 
New Orleans, and his wife, Mary Rembert 
Colley, of Georgia. She has younger sisters, 
Margaret Colley and Inez Sherwood ; broth- 
ers, Ralph Eugene and Rembert Leaven- 
worth Sherwood. 



114 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Early family. According to Philip AIc- 
Uermott, M. L)., in his "Families in Ireland 
from the Eleventh to the Sixteenth Cen- 
tur}'" the name Early is derived from the 
Celtic Maolmocheirghe. translated meaning 
"Early Rising," Maol signifying a king or 
chief of the Early Rising. O'Hart in "Irish 
Pedigrees" says: "In Ireland and Scotland 
each family had its own chief under Tanist 
law ; these chiefs constituted the ancient 
noljility in sister counties down to the reign 
of King James I." He also says: "O'Maol- 
mocheirghe. Early is considered a sufficient 
full translation. This translation was due 
to the legislation of the English invaders of 
Ireland, who compelled the Irish to adopt 
English surnames together with the Eng- 
lish language." The coat-of-arms of the 
Early family : Gules a chevron between 
three birds, argent. Crest: A dexter arm 
erect perpendicular, the arm holding a gem 
ring or, stone gules. Motto: llgilans et 
lenex. 

The founder of the Early family who set- 
tled in tidewater section of Virginia was a 
descendant of ancestry in Ulster province. 
John Early is recorded in York county, 
Virginia, in 1661. John Early, of Mulgrave, 
October 4-8, 1676, received a commission as 
an officer in one of the five companies of 
foot soldiers in his majesty's regiment of 
guards employed in the expedition to Vir- 
ginia, Captain Herbert Jeffreys, commander- 
in-chief. 

Jeremiah Early, son of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth Early (presumably grandson of John 
Early, of York county) was born in Middle- 
sex county, Virginia, December 9, 1705, died 
in 1787. Tradition says that his father, 
Thomas Early, was lost at sea, and that he 
became the ward of Thomas Buford, of 
Lancaster county, Virginia, whose daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth, he married in October, 1728. 
The two families of Buford and Early 
moved toward the mountains through Spott- 
sylvania county, and settled in Orange 
county. Here, in 1735, Jeremiah Early pur- 
chased land from Robert Luney, and in the 
same year purchased land on the north side 
of the Staunton river, and is registered as 
Jeremiah Early, planter of St. IMark's par- 
ish. In 1740 a road was ordered run 
through his plantation with the least pre- 
judice to it. In 1741 he was serving as 
grand juryman in Orange county, but in 
1748 when the county of Culpeper was cut 



from Orange his plantation lay in the new 
county. Between 1753 and 1758 he served 
in the French and Indian war. His will, 
written in 1786 and probated in 1787, men- 
tions eight children by name, but divides 
his personal property in nine proportions. 

Children of Jeremiah and Elizabeth (Bu- 
ford) Early: i. John, born 1729, died 1773; 
married Theodosia \\'hite. 2. Jeremiah, see 
forward. 3. Sarah, married William Kirt- 
ley, and removed to Boone county, Ken- 
tucky. 4. Joshua, born 1738; married ]\Iary 
Leftwich. and was the father of the famous 
Methodist bishop, John Early, and of Cap- 
tain Joshua Early Jr., killed in the war of 
1812. 5. Joseph, served as first lieutenant 
in the revolutionary war, 1776; elected a 
member of the \'irginia legislature in 1783; 

married Jane . 6. Jacob, married 

Elizabeth Robertson ; moved to Clarke 
county, Georgia. 7. Ann, married Joseph 
Rogers; moved to Bryant's Station in 1782. 
8. Hannah, married Captain John Scott ; 
moved to Fayette county, Kentucky. 9. 
Joel, married Lucy Smith, of Culpeper 
county. \'irginia ; moved to Wilkes county, 
Georgia. 

Colonel Jeremiah (2) Early, son of Jere- 
miah and Elizabeth ( Buford) Early, was 
born in 1730, died in 1779. He served in 
.. the French and Indian war as lieutenant, 
was captain of the Bedford militia in 1758, 
colonel of militia in 1778, held the commis- 
sion of high sherift'; and was a justice of the 
peace of Bedford county from 1759 to 1779. 
He married (first) Sarah Anderson, (sec- 
ond) Mary Stith. He had a large family 
among which were : Jacobus, the eldest, a 
captain of militia in 1781 ; John, a delegate 
to the \'irginia convention in 1778 for ratify- 
ing the constitution ; Jubal, see forward. 

Jubal Early, son of Colonel Jeremiah (2) 
Earlv, married Mary Cheatham, and died 
leaving her with two young sons, Joab, see 
forward, and Henry, who were placed under 
the guardianship of Colonel Samuel Hair- 
ston. 

Colonel Joab Early, son of Jubal and 
Mary '(Cheatham) Early, was born in 
Franklin county, Virginia, in 1791. He was 
a man of considerable prominence in his 
community, and at diff'erent times in his life 
held all the important offices in his county, 
serving as sheriff of Franklin county, mem- 
ber of the Virginia legislature, and colonel 
of militia. In 1845 he removed to Putnam 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



"5 



county and purchased considerable fruit and 
farming land on the Kanawha river. Later. 
at the close of the war between the states, 
he went to the home of hi; son, Robert H. 
Early, in Lexington. Missouii. where he 
passed away in 1870. and being a Mason 
was buried with Masonic honors. He mar- 
ried, 1812, Ruth Hairston. born 1794, died 
1832, daughter of Colonel Samuel and Jud- 
ith (Saunders) Hairston (see Hairston line). 
Children : Samuel Henry, see forward ; Mary 
Judith ; Jubal Anderson, see forward ; Rob- 
ert Hairston, Elizabeth J.. Anne Letitia, 
Ruth Hairston, Elvira Evelyn, Richard and 
Joab, twins. 

Captain Samuel Henry Early, son of Colo- 
nel Joab and Ruth (Hairston) Early, was 
born in Franklin county, Virginia, January 
22, 1813, died in Charleston, West Virginia. 
March 11, 1874. He received an excellent 
education, attending the Patrick Henry 
Academy in Henry county, and William and 
Mary College in Williamsburg, Virginia. 
After a course in a law school at Freder- 
icksburg he was admitted to the bar and 
began legal practice in Franklin county. He 
did not, however, devote himself entirely to 
the practice of law but branched out in var- 
ious other directions. For a few years he 
was postmaster of Coopers, Franklin county, 
Virginia ; engaged in the manufacture of 
salt at Kanawha Salines, and while engaged 
in that business he invented and patented 
a pump for salt and oil wells to prevent in- 
jury from gas ; farmed in Kanawha county ; 
in 1853 went to Lynchburg to live, and at 
that time was interested in agricultural pur- 
suits in Bedford county, \'irginia, and also 
in Texas ; when the Chesapeake & Ohio 
Railroad was building, he secured a con- 
tract to furnish railroad ties, which he sup- 
plied from his coal lands in Boone and Lin- 
coln counties, \\'est Virginia. During the 
war between the states he served in the 
Wise Troop, Second \"irginia Cavalry ; later 
was commissioned lieutenant on the stafT of 
his brother. General Jubal Anderson Early, 
and afterward was jiromoted to the rank of 
captain. After being wounded at Gettys- 
burg he was appointed assistant conscript- 
ing officer at Lynchburg. In September, 
1864, he was authorized by special order to 
organize a scouting force for temporary 
service and to "adopt such measures for the 
transmission of information as emergencies 
may require." Immediately upon the re- 



ceipt of the news of the e\acuation of Rich- 
mond he was sent with special dispatches 
to President Davis (then at Danville) to 
apprise him of the fact, and zealously ex- 
ecuting his orders he covered the ground on 
horseback in a few hours. He carried back 
to General Lee an important letter from 
President Davis, which has never been pub- 
lished, but is now in the possession of the 
Early family. Captain Early was a public- 
spirited man, ever ready to help in any en- 
terprise that might benefit the community 
in which he resided, and was always held in 
the highest esteem by his fellow citizens. 
He was a man of fine physique and com- 
manding stature, being over six feet tall. 
He was very fond of outdoor exercise, es- 
pecially the chase, spending much of his 
time in the mountains of the western coun- 
ties of Virginia hunting deer. It was while 
on one of these hunting trips that he took 
a severe cold, which resulted in pneumonia, 
from which he failed to recover and passed 
away at the age of sixty-one y'ears. 

Captain Early married at Lynchburg. 
\'irginia, in 1846, Henrianne Cabell, born 
August 2, 1822, died May 31. 1890, daugh- 
ter of Dr. John Jordan and Henrianne (Dav- 
ies ) Cabell ( see Clayton, Davies and Cabell 
lines)! Children: I. A daughter, died in 
infancy. 2. John Cabell, born 1848. died 
1909; married, 1876. Mary W. Cabell, daugh- 
ter of Dr. Clifford Cabell, of lUickingham 
county. \'irginia ; children : i. Evelyn Rus- 
sell, ii. Samuel Henry, born 1880, died 
1897. iii. Clififord Cabell, lieutenant in Fif- 
teenth L'nited States Infantry, at Tientsin, 
China, iv. Jubal Anderson, lieutenant in 
Twentieth United States Infantry ; he was 
drowned, September 13, 1914, in Lake 
Mariano. Xew Alexico, while endeavoring to 
rescue his friend and companion, United 
States Commissioner J. A. Young, of Gal- 
lup, New Mexico, who was unable to swim, 
when their boat was overturned ; his re- 
mains were brought to his home by his 
brother. Lieutenant Clifford C. Earh'. v. 
Henrianne. 3. Ruth Hairston, resides in 
Lynchburg, Virginia. 4. Henrianne Cabell, 
died 1896. 5. Mary Judith, resides in Lynch- 
burg, Virginia. 6. Joab. died young. 7. 
Jubal A., died young. 

Lieutenant-General Jubal .Vnderson Early, 
second son of Colonel Joab and Ruth (Hair- 
ston) Early, was born, in Franklin county, 
\'irginia, November 3, 1816, died at Lynch- 



ii6 



MRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



burg, Virginia, March 2, 1894. He received 
a good education, enjoying the benefit of the 
best schools in his region of the country, 
and was well grounded in the dead lan- 
guages and elementary mathematics. He 
was appointed to the United States Alilitary 
Academy at West Point, New York, by 
President-General Jackson through the 
agency of Hon. N. H. Claiborne, member of 
Congress from his district, in 1833, and 
graduated in 1837. His highest standing in 
any branch, during military studies at West 
Point, was in military and civil engineer- 
ing, in which he stood sixth in his class, and 
his general standing at graduation was 
eighteenth. Among those graduating in his 
class were : General Braxton Bragg, Lieu- 
tenant-General John C. Pemberton, Major- 
Generals Arnold, Elzey and William H. T. 
Walker, and a few others of the Confeder- 
ate army ; and Major-Generals John Sedg- 
wick, Joseph Hooker, William H. French, 
and several brigadier-generals of minor note 
in the Federal army. Among his contem- 
poraries at West Point were : General Beau- 
regard, Lieutenant-General Elwell, Major- 
General Edward Johnson, and some others 
of distinction in the Confederate army ; Ma- 
jor-Generals McDowell and Meade, and sev- 
eral others in the Federal army. On gradu- 
ating he was appointed second lieutenant 
in the Third Regiment of Artillery, and was 
assigned to Company E. He served in the 
Seminole war, 1837-38, under General Jes- 
sup. He went through the campaign from 
the St. John's river south into Everglades, 
and was present at a skirmish with Indians 
on the Lockee Hatchee, near Jupiter Inlet 
in January, 1838. This was his baptism of 
fire, hearing for the first time the whistling 
of hostile bullets. 

In the fall of the year 1838, having re- 
signed from the army, he commenced the 
study of law in the office of N. M. Talia- 
ferro, Esq., an eminent lawyer of Franklin 
county. During the Mexican war he was 
appointed major in a regiment of volun- 
teers from Virginia, and was mustered into 
service, January 7, 1847. During his mili- 
tary service he was a strict disciplinarian, 
but was never harsh in his treatment of his 
men, and was always respected and loved 
by them. After the war he returned to his 
law practice, which soon became consider- 
able, and he was one of the best lawyers in 
his section of the state. 



He sat in the state legislature in 1841-42, 
and was commonwealth attorney from 1842 
tu 1852 except during 1847-48, when he 
served in the Mexican war as before stated. 
In 1861 he was a member of the Virginia 
convention called to determine the true 
position of the state in the impending con- 
flict, and at first earnestly opposed seces- 
sion, but was soon aroused by the aggres- 
sive movements of the Federal government 
to draw his sword for the defense of his 
native state and the Confederate cause. He 
was commissioned colonel of the Twenty- 
fourth Regiment of \'irginia Infantry, and 
with this rank commanded a brigade at 
Blackburn's Ford and Manassas, in the lat- 
ter battle making a successful onslaught 
upon the Federal right in flank which aided 
in precipitating the rout which immediate- 
ly followed. He was promoted brigadier- 
general to date from that battle, .^t Wil- 
liamsburg he led the charge of his brigade 
upon the Federal position, and was wounded. 
In the Manassas campaign of 1862 he com- 
manded a brigade of Ewell's division of 
Jackson's corps, participating in the same 
around Pope and the defeat .of the Federal 
army in the final engagement. 

In the Maryland campaign and at Sharps- 
burg, after the wounding of General Law- 
tfin, he took command of Ewell's division, 
and also skillfully directed it at a critical 
moment against the Federal attack at Fred- 
ericksburg. In January, 1863, he was pro- 
moted major-general, and during the Chan 
cellorsville campaign was left with his divis- 
ion and Barksdale's brigade, about ten 
thousand men, to hold the heights of Fred- 
ericksburg, where he made a gallant fight 
against Sedgwick's corps. At the opening 
of the Pennsylvania campaign he was en- 
trusted by Ewell with the attack upon Win- 
chester, which resulted in the rout of Mil- 
roy and the capture of four thousand, and 
thence he marched via York toward Har- 
risburg, Pennsylvania, until recalled from 
the Susquehanna river, which he had 
reached, to the field of Gettysburg, where 
he actively participated in the successes of 
the first day's fighting, and on the second 
day made a desperate assault on the Fed- 
erals, gaining vantage ground which he was 
unable to hold singlehanded. At the open- 
ing fight in the Wilderness, in temporary 
command of Hill's corps, he successfully 
resisted the Federal attempt to flank the 



\ IRCIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



117 



army of (jenertil Lee, aiul at Spottsylvania 
Court House in the same command he met 
and defeated Rurnside. Again he struck that 
commander an effective blow at Bethesda 
Church in the movement to Cold Harbor, 
and after the l)attle at the latter place he 
made two attacks u])()n C,encral Grant's 
right flank. 

On May 31. 1863. he was commissioned 
lieutenant-general and soon afterward de- 
tached upon the important duty of defend- 
ing the Confederate rear threatened by Hun- 
ter at Lynchburg. He promptly drove 
fTunter into the mountains and then 
marched rajiidly down the Shenandoah Val- 
ley, crossed into Maryland and defeated 
Wallace at Monocacy. and with a force re- 
duced to about eight thousand men. was 
about to assault the defences at Washing- 
ton when the city was reinforced by two 
corps of Federal troops. Retiring safelv into 
Virginia, he was on active duty in the val- 
ley in o"rder to injure the Federal communi- 
<ations and keep as large a force as i)ossible 
from Grant's army. Finally Sheridan was 
sent against him with an overwhelming 
force, against which Lieutenant-General 
Early made a heroic and brilliant resistance 
at Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar 
Creek. He then established his prmy at 
New Market, and after Sheridan had retired 
from the vallev he fell back to Staunton. 
When the army surrendered, he rode horse- 
back to Texas, hoping to find a Confederate 
force still holding out. Thence he proceed(id 
to Mexico, and from there sailed to Can- 
ada. Subsequently returning to Virginia he 
resumed his law practice for a time, but in 
his later years spent a third of the year at 
New Orleans. 

(The Hairston Llnei. 

Peter Hairston, the emigrant as known 
in the family, left Scotland after the battle 
of Culloden, 1746, having fought on the 
losing side, that of the Pretender. He fled to 
Ireland, remained there for a short period 
of time, and about 1747-48 came to America, 
landing at Norfolk, \'irginia, according to 
tradition, no authenticated records being in 
possession of his descendants. He seems to 
have held land in Albemarle county, but 
finally settled in Bedford c(5unty. He was 
the father of six children: i. Peter, will re- 
corded in Bed.'"ord county, Virginia, 1779. 
2. Samuel, member of the house of bur 



gesses ; pccuiiiulated property; left will in 
Campbell county ; one of the first justices of 
the peace in Campbell county ; known as 
Major or Colonel Samuel Hairston ; never 
married. 3. Andrew, married and had three 
daughters. 4. Robert, see forward. 5. Agnes, 
died at sea. 6. Martha, married a Mr. Shel- 
by, of Maryland, of the family afterward 
distinguished. 

Robert Hairston, son of Peter Hairston, 
was an ensign in the French and Indian 
wars, and served one term in the house of 
lepresentatives. He married Ruth Stovall, 
('.lughter of George Stovall, clerk of the 
house of burgesses. Cliildren: i. George, 
married Mrs. Elizabeth Perkins, nee Let- 
cher. 2. Peter, married Alice Parkins. 3» 
Samuel, see forward. 4. Sarah, married 
May 8, 1772, Baldwin Roland. 5. Martha, 
married (first) a Mr. Hunter, (second) 
James Greenlea. 6. Elizabeth, married, June 
20, 1778, Michael Roland. 7. Mary, mar- 
ried a Mr. Smith. 8. Ruth, married Wil- 
liam Turnbull. 9. Jeannie, married Joshua 
Renfro. 10. Agnes, married John Woods. 

Colonel Samuel Hairston, son of Robert 
and Ruth (Stovall) Hairston, married Jud- 
ith Saunders. Children: i. Robert, married 
Elizabeth \'\'oods. 2. Mary, married John 
Callawey. 3. Ruth, married Colonel Joab 
Early (see Early). 4. Peter, married Ruth 
Hairston, a cousin. 5. George, married Mar- 
tha Smith. 6. Elizabeth, died young. 7. 
Ann Agnes, married Marshall Hairston. 8. 
Samuel, married Elizabeth Hairston. 9. 
Latitia. married Thomas Watkins. 

(The Clayton Line). 

The coat-of-arms of the Clayton family is 
as follows : Argent, a cross engrailed sable 
between four torteaux. Extract from "The 
Duchy of Lancaster," "The township of .Ad- 
lington is in the parish of Standish : the 
manor and great part of the estates thereon 
now (1779) belong to the ancient and re- 
spectable family of Clayton." 

Thomas Clayton, descended from the 
Claytons of Clayton Hall, county of York, 
or Clayton Hall, county of Lancaster, Eng- 
land, married Agnes, daughter of Thornell. 
of Fixby, county of York, England. Chil- 
dren : I. A son, who died yovmg. 2. \\'il- 

liam, see for\\ard. 3. , from wli'im 

Thomas Clayton, now of Clayton H.all, 
county of York, England, is descended. 

William Clayton, of Okenshaw, county of 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



York, England, son of Thomas and Agnes 
(Thornell) Clayton, and of the Inner 
Temple, heir to the family estate, married 
the daughter of Cholmely. of the East Rid- 
ing, county of York. He died in 1627. Chil- 
dren : I. John, of Okenshaw, barrister of the 
Inner Temple, 1660, and a member of the 
northern circuit ; married Elizabeth Cit- 
terne. of Kent ; he was aged seventy-four 
years. April 6, 1666. 2. Sir Jasper, see for- 
ward. 

Sir Jasper Clayton, son of \\'illiam Clay- 
ton, was of St. Edmunds, Lombard street, 
London ; mercer and alderman ; knighted at 
Guildhall, July 5, 1660. He married, at St. 
Faith's, London, May i, 1624, Mary, daugh- 
ter of William Thompson, "Citizen and 
haberdasher," of London, of Tinmouth 
Castle, Northumberland. Children: I. Sir 
John, see forward. 2. George, of London, 
haberdasher, born in St. Edmunds, Lom- 
bard street, December 24, 1639; attended 
Merchant Taylor's School; married Hester, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Palmer, baronet. 
3. Mary, married Peter Nourse, of \Vood- 
eaton, Oxfordshire. 4. Prudence. 

Sir John Clayton, of London and Par- 
son's Green, Fulham, Middlesex county, son 
of Sir Jasper and I\Iar}- (Thompson) Clay- 
ton, was admitted to the Inner Temple, 
July 22, 1650, and knighted in 1664. He 
married Alice, daughter of Sir William 
Bowyer, baronet, of Uenham, Bucks, Eng- 
land, and relict of William Buggins, Esq., 
of North Crey, Children: i. John, see for- 
ward. 2. Jasper, of Fernhill, Bucks ; col- 
onel of the Fourth Regiment of Foot ; lieu- 
tenant-governor of Gibraltar, and lieuten- 
ant-general in the English army, killed at 
the battle of Dettingen, 1743 : married Juli- 
anna . 3. Alice. 4. Mary. 5. Eliza- 
beth. One of these daughters married John 
Lord Lovelace, and one Thomas Strickland. 

John (2) Clayton, son of Sir John (i) 
and Alice (Bowyer) Clayton, was born in 
England, 1665, died in Virginia, Noxember 
'8- ^7i7- He was educated at Cambridge 
University, admitted to the Inner Temple, 
June 6, 1682, and called to the bar. He 
came to Virginia in 1705, and was appointed 
attorney-general of the colony in 1714, 
which office he held until his death. He 
was also judge of admiralty, and frequently 
member of the house of burgesses : he was 
presiding justice of James City, and county 
clerk and recorder of Williamsburg. He 



was a large land owner, the owner of an 
estate, "Hawkshurst," four miles from 
Crombrooke, count}- Kent, England, which 
estate descended to his son. Children: i. 
John, see forward. 2. Arthur, clerk of 
county in upper part of York river, Vir- 
ginia; died 1733. 3. Dr. Thomas, educated 
at Cambridge University, England ; re- 
turned to \'irginia ; married, 1728, Isabell 
Lewis, of Warner Hall, Gloucester county ; 
died October, 1739. 

Dr. John (3) Clayton, son of John (2) 
Clayton, was born at Fulham, England, 
16P5. died in Gloucester county, Virginia. 
December 15, 1773. He came to Vir_;inia 
in 1705. He was an eminent botanist, and 
possessed at one time at "Windsor," his 
estate in Gloucester, a large botanical gar- 
den of which he was justly proud. He was 
a trusted official of his county, holding the 
o'flce of clerk of Gloucester for fifty years. 
He was a member of many learned socie- 
ties in Europe, president of the Soriety in 
\'irginia (1773) for Promoting Useful 
Knowledge, and was the author of a book 
on the flora of \^irginia, "Flora Virginica." 
He married. January 2, 1723, Elizabeth 
\\'hiting, daughter of Henry and Anne 
( Beverley ) Whiting, the latter named a 
daughter of Colonel Peter Beverle}', mem- 
laer of the house of burgesses from Glou- 
ester, and his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of 
Major Robert Peyton, who emigrated from 
Norfolkshire, England. Major Robert Bev- 
erley, father of Colonel Peter Beverley, of 
(iloucester county, emigrated from York- 
shire, England. He was clerk of the house 
of burgesses, 1670; member of the council, 
1676; chief commander against Bacon in 
his rebellion ; died in 1687. His wife's 
tombstone bears the inscription : "Here ly- 
eth interred Mrs. Mary Beverley, wife of 
Robert Beverley, the mother of nine sons 
and three daughters, who died ist of June, 
1678, aged 41 years and 3 months, having 
been married to him 12 years and 2 months." 
Children of Mr. and Mrs. Clayton: I. John, 
served in the revolutionary war, second lieu- 
tenant in First Virginia Regiment, Octo- 
ber 7, 1775, first lieutenant in the First Vir- 
ginia Regiment. February, 1776; married 
Elizabeth Willis. 2. Anne, see forward. 

Anne Clayton, daughter of Dr. John (3) 
and Elizabeth (Whiting) Clayton, married, 
January 15, 1767, her first cousin, Henry 
Landon Davies, son of Nicholas Davies and 



X'IKCIXIA RIOGKAPHY 



119 



his second wife, Catherine (Whiting) 
Davies, of Bedford county. Children: i. 
Nicholas Clayton, born February 27, 1769; 
married Elizabeth, daughter of David Craw- 
ford. 2. Arthur Landon, born October 16, 
1770; married a Aliss Pryor, of Gloucester 
county, \'irginia. 3. Catherine Eliza, born 
Novemb.er 19, 1772; married, 1793, Francis 
Thornton Meriwether. 4. Samuel Boyle, 
born December 22, 1774; married, June 6, 
r8o2, Elizabeth McCullock ; died 1829. 5. 
Editha. born April 17, 1777; married Rev. 
Charles Clay. 6. Henrianne, see forward. 7. 
Tamerlain \\'hiting, born November 11, 
1782; married Jane Smith Payne. 

Henrianne Davies, daughter of Henr)' 
Landon and .Anne (Clayton) Davies, was 
born January 2-j , 1780, died March 18, 1843. 
She married, February 24, 1803, Dr. John 
Jordan Cabell, born November 30, 1772, son 
of Colonel John and Paulina (Jordan ) Ca- 
bell, and grandson of Dr. William (founder 
of Cabell family in Virginia) and Elizabeth 
(Burks') Cabell. They lived in Charlotte 
county, Lynchburg, Bedford and Kanawha 
counties. Dr. Cabell graduated in medicine 
in Philadelphia. He established himself as 
a physician and lived mostly in Lynchburg, 
Virginia, but had a country residence on his 
farm in Bedford where most of his children 
were born. He was a man of remarkable 
energy, and during his active career fol- 
lowed diverse pursuits. While practicing 
medicine with much success, he also man- 
aged his extensive landed estates, and for 
a number of years owned a store in Lynch- 
burg. He was also successively the pro- 
prietor of more than one political paper and 
occasionally wrote for each. He purchased 
an extensive tract of valuable land, with salt 
wells, on the Kanawha river above Charles- 
ton, and later in life established himself 
there permanently, carrying on with great 
energy and perseverance an extensive salt 
manufactory. He was one of the first in 
Virginia to become a convert to Sweden- 
borgianism, becoming a member of the New 
Jerusalem Church some time prior to 1819. 
He died in Kanawha countv. \"irginia, .Au- 
gust 7, 1834. 

Children: i. Mary Elizabeth, born March 
Ti, 1S04, died .April 13, 1822, unmarried. 2. 
Catherine .Ann, born June 14, 180S, died in 
infancy. 3. John Henry, born November 
20, 1806, died in infancy. 4. Judith Scott. 
born September 3. 1808, died 1835 : married. 



P'ebruary 5, 1829, Richard K. Cralle. 5. 
Frederick Augustus, born May 18, 1810, 
died in infancy. 6. Sarah Winston, born 
July 30, 181 2, died October 21, 1843; mar- 
ried, March ifi, 1830, Henry Childs Ward. 
7. Frances Whiting, born September i, 1815, 
died August 16, 1838; married, November i, 
1832, Thomas R. Friend. 8. Paulina J. H., 
born April 5, 1818, died May, 1835, 9. John 
Emanuel Swedenborg, born July 23, 1819, 
died in infancy. 10. Henrianne, born Au- 
gust 2, 1822, died May 31, 1890; married 
Samuel Henry Early (see Early). 

John Farmer Winn, M. D. The Winn 
famil}-. represented in the present genera- 
tion by Dr. John Farmer Winn, a success- 
ful medical practitioner of Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, is of Welsh origin, and the excellent 
characteristics of that race have been trans- 
mitted in large degree to the descendants, 
who have been active and prominent in the 
different vocations in which they engaged. 

The ancestry is traced to various families 
of prominence and renown, the Cole family 
bearing a coat-of-arms. One line is traced 
to Adam Cary, who married Amy, daugh- 
ter of Sir \\'illiam Trewett. His son. Sir 
John Carye, was chief baron of the ex- 
chequer in the time of Henry IV. His son, 
\\'illiam Cary, born 1500, was lord mayor 
of Bristol. His son, Richard Cary, born 
1325, married Anne . His son, Colo- 
nel Miles Cary, married .Ann Taylor. His 
daughter, .Anne, married William Bassett, 
son of Captain William and Bridget (Cary) 
Bassett ; Captain William Bassett was a son 
of Colonel William and Joanna (Burwell) 
Bassett; Joanna (Burwell) Bassett was the 
daughter of Hon. Lewis and Abigail 
(Smith) Burwell, granddaughter of Alajor 
Lewis and Lucy (Higginson) Burwell. 
great-granddaughter of Edward and Doro- 
thy (Bedell) Burwell, and great-great- 
granddaughter of Edward Burwell and Wil- 
liam F'edell, the latter named being a de- 
scendant of John Bedell, born 1485. Eliza- 
beth Bassett, daughter of William and Eliz- 
abeth (Churchill) Bassett, married Benja- 
min Harrison, and of this union was Presi- 
dent \\'illiam Henry Harrison. Abigail 
(Smith) Burwell was a daughter of .Anthony 
and Martha ( liacon) Smith, the latter named 
a daughter of Hon. Nathaniel and Anne 
(Bassett) Bacon, granddaughter of Rev. 
James Bacon, and great-granddaughter of 



120 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Sir James Bacon. The Burwell family is 
one of the ancient families of the counties 
of Bedford and Northampton, in England. 
Lewis I'.urwell served as president of the 
council of Virginia, and his daughter, Eliza- 
beth, married \\'illiam Nelson, a signer of 
the Declaration of Independence. Another 
line of ancestry is traced through Humphrie 
Cole. Through his son, William Cole. 
Through his son, Colonel William Cole, who 
married Martha Lear, daughter of Colonel 
John Lear. Through his son, William Cole, 
who married Mary Roscow, the latter 
named a daughter of William and Lucy 
(Bassett) Roscow, the latter named a 
daughter of Colonel William and Joaima 
(Burwell) Bassett, above mentioned. Wil- 
liam Roscow was a son of William and 
Mary (Wilson) Roscow, the latter nrmed a 
daughter of Colonel John \\'ilson. Through 
his son. Captain James Cole, who married 
Mary Wills, and their daughter, Mary Cole, 
married George Barclay, mentioned below. 
The Cole pedigree is quite prominent, and 
at one period of Virginia history the family 
from which Mary Cole is descended was in 
control of the state. 

(I) Major Thomas Winn, great-grand- 
father of Dr. John F. Winn, was born in 
Hanover county, Virginia, December 27. 
1753. He served as private and corporal 
during the revolutionary war, enlisting Sep- 
tember 27, 1777, for a period of three years, 
becoming a member of the Ninth Virginia 
Regiment, under command of Colonel (jib- 
son. He was a resident of Lowfield, Flu- 
vanna county, Virginia, and held a commis- 
sion as lieutenant, captain and major of 
militia under Governors Benjamin Harri- 
son, Patrick Henry, Beverly Randolph, 
Henry Lee. 

(II) Captain John Winn, grandfather of 
Dr. John F. Winn, was born April 25, 1789, 
died September 18, 1844. He served as en- 
sign in the militia service at Camp Carter 
during the war of 18 12. and later was com- 
missioned captain of a company of riflemen 
by Governor Wilson C. Nicholas. For many 
years he was a member of the house of dele- 
gates from Fluvanna county, \'irginia, was 
sheriff of that county, and ])residing justice 
under the old county court system. In 1824, 
when (leneral Lafayette visited Virginia, 
Captain Winn was commander of the escort 
that went from Fluvanna to meet him. He 
married Lucv Barclay \\'ills, daughter of 



Dr. John and Lucy Martin (Barclay) Wills. 
Dr. John Wills was a descendant of an Eng- 
lish ancestry, and his wife of a Scotch-Irish 
ancestry. Mrs. Wills was a daughter of 
George and Mary (Cole) Barclay, and 
granddaughter of Patrick Barclay, a Scotch 
merchant, who married, in 1742, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel John and Martha (Bur- 
well) Martin, the former named a merchant 
of Dublin, Ireland. 

(III) Dr. Philip James Winn, father of 
Dr. John F. Winn, was born in July, 1820, 
died June 19, 1887. He was a graduate in 
medicine from the University of Virginia, 
and was actively engaged in the practice of 
his profession at Winnsville, Fluvanna 
county, X'irginia. He possessed a large 
amount of skill and ability, which he dis- 
played in the performance of his chosen 
work, and he was noted for faithfulness in 
dut}- and love of truth and right. He was 
a member of the First Cadet Corps of the 
\'irginia Military Institute. He married 
Sarah Elizabeth Rebecca Ballow, of Cum- 
berland county, V'irginia. 

(IV) Dr. John Farmer \\"inn was born at 
Winnsville, Fluvanna county, Virginia, Sep- 
te.mber 13. 1852. His early education was 
obtained under private teaching, after which 
he entered I'luvanna Institute, then con- 
chicted by James A. Mundy. From the age 
of thirteen until seventeen he assisted with 
the wt)rk of the farm, meanwhile attending 
school, and upon the completion of his 
studies he taught in the public schools, con- 
tinuing along that line for three years. In 
1873 li*^ entered the University of Virginia, 
taking part of the medical course in connec- 
tion with the academic course. He was 
graduated in 1875 with the degree of Doc- 
tor of Medicine, began the practice of his 
profession in Fluvanna county, Virginia, 
and later pursued post-graduate courses in 
obstetrics in Philadelphia and New York 
City institutions. In 1893 Dr. Winn located 
in Richmond. Virginia, and has continued 
in practice there up to the present time 
(1914), an acknowledged authority on ob- 
stetrics. In the same year he was elected 
lecturer on clinical and operative obstetrics 
by the board of trustees of the University 
College of Medicine, and later he became 
obstetrician at Virginia Hospital, obste- 
trician-in-charge of obstetric clinics in the 
L'niversity College of Medicine, and still 
later professor of obstetrics in the. latter 




(9: ^2-aS:uZic£Gu^^ 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



121 



institution. Under the consolidation of the 
latter school with the medical college of 
Virginia in 1913. he was chosen professor 
of obstetrics and head of the department of 
obstetrics and gynecology in the (New) 
Medical College of Virginia. He is also ob- 
stetrician to the Memorial and Virginia hos- 
pitals, and for twenty-five years served as 
corresponding secretary of the Medical So- 
ciety 01 V irgmia. 

Lr. Winn tounded, owned and edited the 
"Richmond Journal 01 Practice, ' continuing 
as owner and editor tor twenty-hve years. 
He is the author of many articles upon ob- 
stetrical subjects that attracted marked at- 
tention both at home and abroad. Among 
these may be named : 'Treatment 01 
iLciampsia, ' "Prophylactic Care ot the 
Breasis, "Technique ot i'orceps Delivery" 
and ■ :3urgical intervention. ihis latcer 
word, intervention, was suggestion by 
Ltr. Vvinn instead ot the misnomer, "inter- 
ference, with the result that "burgical in- 
terterence ' is now seldom oDservea in cur- 
rent medical literature. A more recent 
article, and a valuable contribution ot med- 
ical literature is his "Report ot One thou- 
sand Oases in Students Out-door bervice, 
&c." 'ihis report, containing the notable 
record ot but hve deaths and not one of 
these from preventable infection, attracted 
wide attention, as these cases were all 
located among a poor class ot patients, sur- 
rounded by unsanitary conditions, i his re- 
port was published in the "Journal of the 
American Medical Association" for October 
3, 1903. Ur. Winn has a large practice, the 
years liaving brought him experience, knowl- 
edge and skill, which have added to a fame 
already well established. He is a member 
of the Richmond Academy of Medicine and 
Surgery, Medical Society of Virginia, late 
fellow of the American Association of Ob- 
stetricians and Gynecologists, and a mem- 
ber of the Phi Chi fraternity (Medical) and 
the Westmoreland Club. He is a member 
of All Saints Episcopal Church, and a 
Democrat in politics. 

Dr. Winn married, September 2, i<^97, 
Willie Rosalie Yeamans, of Hanover county, 
Virginia, great-granddaughter of Anne 
Lewis, daughter of Joseph Zachary Lewis, 
of Spottsylvania county, Virginia, and a de- 
scendant of John Lewis, the "Honest Law- 
yer." of Fredericksburg. Virginia. Chil- 



dren : John Farmer Jr., Rosalie Lewis, de- 
deceased ; William W'arfield. 

Rev. Frank Talbot McFaden, D. D. Since 
the organization of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Richmond, June 18, 1812, seven 
ministers, regularly ordained and installed, 
have served the congregation as pastors. As 
a matter of historical interest and value the 
following names and facts are given. The 
first was John Holt Rice, under whom the 
first congregation of fourteen members was 
organized and the first church building 
erected between Twenty-seventh and Twen- 
ty-eighth streets. In 1816 the "Pine Apple" 
Church was erected between Seventeenth 
and Eighteenth streets, but later was sold 
to the Protestant Episcopal congregation. 
Dr. Rice served the congregation eleven 
vears, during which time there were two 
hundred and sixty-three members received. 
The second pastor, Rev. William Jessup 
Armstrong, was installed October 13, 1824, 
and served for ten years, three hundred and 
sixty-nine members having been received 
into the church. During this period, about 
1830, the third house of worship was erected 
on the north side of Franklin, between Thir- 
teenth and Fourteenth streets. In July, 
1834, the church called its third pastor. Rev. 
William Swan Plumer, who served the 
church twelve years, receiving three hun- 
dred and sixty-nine members, but left the 
congregation with but three hundred mem- 
bers, the controversy between the Old and 
New School parties disrupting the church. 
On November 28, 1847, Dr. Thomas Vernon 
Moore was installed the fourth pastor, his 
term of service exceeding all others and ex- 
tending over a period of twenty-one years. 
During his pastorate, in 185 1, the fourth 
church edifice was built, at the corner of 
Tenth and Capitol streets, a larger and more 
handsome structure than any of the others 
and the home of the congregation until 
April 17, 1884. The site is now covered by 
the present city hall, an arrangement being 
made with the city by which the building 
was taken down and rebuilt without any 
change in plan on the lot on which it now 
stands on the corner of Madison and Grace 
streets. In 1859, under Dr. Moore, an organ 
was first placed in the church, and during 
the intervening years this instrument has 
led the music of the congregation and still 
occupies its place in the church, though a 



\IR(;i.\IA P.IOGRAPHY 



larger one has recenth' been installed in the 
pulpit end of the building. The first organ- 
ist was Professor N. Bowditch Clapp, who 
continued as such until his death in 1893. 
During Dr. Aloore's ministry six hundred 
and nineteen new members were added to 
the church, the membership at the close of 
his pastorate numbering three hundred and 
eighty-nine. The fifth pastor. Rev. Thomas 
Lewis Preston, D. D., was installed ]\Iay 
15, 1869, his ministry continuing over four- 
teen years. In this time three hundred and 
sixty-five communicants were added to the 
church roll, but by death, removal, and the 
organization of other congregations the 
total membership at the time of his resig- 
nation from the pastorate was three hun- 
dred and fifty-nine. The sixth pastor. Rev. 
Robert Pollock Kerr, was installed Febru- 
ary 3, 1884. Early in his pastorate the work 
of moving the church from Capitol street to 
its present location was begun. The last 
Sunday service was held in the old church 
April 17, and a farewell prayer meeting 
Tuesday, April 19, 1884. During the re- 
building period Grace Street and the Second 
Presbyterian churches. Broad Street Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and Monumental 
Protestant Episcopal Church were gener- 
ously offered for the use of the churchles? 
congregation. Dr. Kerr's pastorate was the 
second longest in the history of the church, 
lasting a little over nineteen years, ending 
May 25, 1903. Few pastors ever gained the 
love and admiration of their people or the 
high esteem of others to a greater extent 
than did Dr. Kerr while in Richmond. His 
departure was greatly regretted by all v. ho 
knew him. and their numbers were legion, 
for his labors were not confined to his own 
church. Me was always active in every 
general movement for the spiritual or moral 
uplift of the city, and was probably the best 
known minister in Richmond. Throughoul 
his nineteen years service four hundred and 
twenty-five names were added to the church 
roll. The seventh pastor. Rev. Frank Tal- 
bot McFaden, was installed December 20. 
1903, and is yet the pastor in charge, hold- 
ing the love and aflfection of his peo]jle t») 
a degree unsurpassed by any of his prede- 
cessors. 

Rev. Frank Talbot McFaden was born in 
Salisbury, Maryland. February 5, 1864, so;i 
of Rev. Joseph Alexander McFaden and 
grandson of Daniel Miller McFaden, tin- 



latter born in Londonderry. Ireland. Daniel 
M. McFaden came to the L'nited States, set- 
tled in fMiiladelphia, and there was in the 
employ of the United States government 
as inspector. He married Elizabeth Hill, 
of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and later moved 
tr the state of Georgia, locating at the city 
that was then the state capital, Milledge- 
\ille. The mother of Daniel M. McFaden 
was Mary (Montgomery) McFaden, also of 
Londonderry, Ireland. 

Rev. Joseph Alexander McFaden was born 
in Milledgeville, Georgia, in 1824, and died 
in 1884 at Harper's Ferry, \'irginia, a min- 
ister of the ^lethodist Protestant church. 
He married Mary Duke, of Harper's Ferrj- 
daughter of John Duke, born in Jefferson 
county, A'irginia, a large landowner and 
planter, holding large estates in both Jeft'er- 
son and Loudoun counties. John Duke 
served as sergeant in the Fifth Regiment of 
\'irginia Militia in the defence of Baltimore 
during the second war with Great Britain, 
and after his marriage to Lucy Talbot King, 
of Maryland, settled at Harper's Ferry, 
where he \va.» officially connected with the 
L'nited States Arsenal. Children of Rev. 
Joseph .\. and Mary (Duke) McFaden: John 
Duke, bcirn in 1851, died in 1914; Mary, now 
residing in Cumberland, Maryland, unmar- 
ried ; George Henry, born in 1857, now liv- 
ing in Richmond ; Lucy Shirley, born in 
1859, died in 1902, married Daniel H. Nich- 
ols ; Frank Talbot, of further mention ; 
Irene Dashiel. married W'ilmer Benjamin 
and resides in Cumberland, Maryland; Lily, 
died aged two years. 

Rev. Frank Talbot McFaden, youngest son 
of Rev. Joseph Alexander and Mary (Duke) 
McFaden, although born in Salisbury, Mary- 
land, was brought by his parents to Har- 
per's Ferry, \'irginia, when eighteen months 
old, that historic town his mother's birth- 
place and the scene of his father's minis- 
terial labors. PVank Talbot attended pub- 
lic school until eighteen years of age, then 
entered Hampden-Sidney College, whence 
he was graduated, class of 1866. He chose 
the holy calling of his honored father, enter- 
ed L'nion Theological Seminary, whence, 
after a course in divinity, he was graduated 
in 1889. He was ordained a minister of the 
Presbyterian church by Abingdon Presby- 
tery, and in i88g accepted his first pastorate 
in Marion, Smith county, Virginia, where 
he remained seven vears. On December s. 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



123 



1895, he was installed pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Lynchburg. \'ir- 
ginia, serving that congregation with great 
usefulness and acceptability for eight years. 
He then accepted a call from the P'irst Pres- 
byterian Church of Richmond, beginning 
his pastorate there December 3, 1903. \\ hile 
faithful and true to all the tenets of the Cal- 
vinistic faith. 13r. McFaden is less the doc- 
trinal theologian than -the" whole-souled, 
sympathetic, broad-minded earnest preacher 
of the pure gospel of his Master. Rare tact, 
sound judgment, and a warm, genial manner 
are his distinguishing traits as a man. while 
as a pulpit and platform orator and ex- 
pounder of religious truth he has gained an 
enviable reinitation. In church councils his 
influence is jjotent, and in 1914 he was the 
choice of his brethren to serve as moderator 
over the annual assembly of the .Synod of 
Virginia. He cherishes warm feeling and 
deep interest toward Hampden-Sidney Col- 
lege, his Alma Alater, serving her cause as 
secretary and member of the board of trus- 
tees. He also serves his theological Alma 
Mater, Union Theological Seminary, as trus- 
tee, and as member of the finance and execu- 
tive committees of the board. As a pastor 
he is greatly beloved, his genial manner, 
deep sympathy, and unfailing consideration 
for the rights of others endearing him to all 
who come untler his influence. His church 
is active and aggressive in its work for 
righteousness and under his capable leader- 
ship is growing in membership and power. 

Dr. McFaden is also prominent in the Ma- 
sonic order, belonging to lodge, chapter and 
commandery. He holds high rank in the 
order and in 1909 was grand eminent com- 
mander of the Virginia Grand Commandery 
of Knights Templar. He is deeply inter- 
ested in fraternal work and also holds mem- 
bership in the Knights of Pythias and the 
Royal Arcanum, having been supreme grand 
regent of the latter order. He is held in 
high regard by his fraternal brethren, who 
vie with his brethren of the church in mani- 
festations of esteem, love and respect. The 
degree of Doctor of Divinity was conferred 
upon him in 1903 by Washington and Lee 
University. 

Dr. McFaden married, April 10, 1890, 
Mary Minge Friend, born in Petersburg, 
Virginia, daughter of Charles and Mary (At- 
kinson) Friend, both deceased, the latter 
connected with the prominent Harrison 



family of V'irginia. Charles Friend was a 
soldier of the Confederacy and the owner 
of "White Hill," a large estate near PcL';rs- 
burg. Children : Mary, married Lawrence 
C. Caldwell, of Richmond, Virginia; Natalie, 
a senior at Byrn Mawr College ; Frances, 
a student at Miss Elliott's school in Rich- 
m.ond ; Frank Talbot Jr., a student at Mc- 
Guire's School. Richmond. 

Thomas Whitehead Murrell, M. D. Dr. 

Murrell descends along both maternal and 
paternal lines from distinguished early Vir- 
ginia families, a paternal ancestor being 
Bishop Richard Channing Moore, a ma- 
ternal ancestor Colonel Samuel Meredith, 
whose wife was Jane Henry, sister of Pat- 
rick Henry, the eloquent, patriotic Virginian 
of revolutionary days. Colonel Meredith 
was an officer of the Colonial army and ren- 
dered valued service. 

Dr. Thomas \\'hitehead Murrell was born 
in Lynchburg. Virginia, October 2, 1880, son 
of John D. Alurrell and paternal grandson 
of John William Alurrell, born in 1823, died 
in 1 89 1, and his wife, Mary Ann Hart, born 
in 1825, died in 1888. John D. Murrell was 
born in Lynchburg, \'irginia, Alarch 24, 
1854, and is now a resident of Richmond, 
Mrginia. a journalist. He married Mildred 
Whitehead, born in Amherst county, Vir- 
ginia, March 16, 1858, daughter of Thomas 
Whitehead, born in 1825, died in 1901 and 
his wife, Martha Henry Garland, born in 
1832, died in 1903. 

Dr. Alurrell obtained his preparatory edu- 
cation in the graded and high schools of 
Richmond, as well as his professional train- 
ing, receiving his degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine from the University College of Medi- 
cine with the class of 1900-1901, then went 
abroad and, after post-graduate courses in 
London, England, returned to Richmond, 
where he has since been in active practice. 
Dr. Murrell is devoted to his profession, it 
being his personal preference over all others 
when considering a career. He is a member 
of American Medical .Association, South 
Side \'irginia Medical Society, Virginia 
State Medical Society, Tri-State Medical 
Association, Southern Medical Association. 
Richmond Academy of Medicine and Sur- 
gery. He has contributed valuable articles 
that have appeared in the medical journals 
on various subjects, particularly on venereal 
disease and dermatology. His paper on 



124 



X'IRCIXFA BIOGRAPHY 



syphilis in the American negro attracting 
wide attention. 

He is a member of the Masonic order and 
the Knights of Pythias, his college frater- 
nity. Phi Pi Sigma, his clubs the Westmore- 
land and Commonwealth of Richmond. He 
is a communicant of the Centenary Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and in politics is a 
Democrat. Dr. Murrell married, May 15, 
1907, Gertrude, daughter of G. Harvey and 
Mary (Pollard) Clarke. 

Preston Belvin. One of Richmond's 
native sons, and one who was born prior to 
war times is the subject of this sketch. Pres- 
ton Relvin. 

The name of Belvin has long been promi- 
nent in manufacturing circles of the south, 
and particularly prominent here in the city 
of Richmond because of the fact that John 
Allan Belvin, father of Preston Belvin, was 
for many years the head and brains of the 
largest furniture and lumber comoany in the 
state of Virginia. John .^llan Belvin was 
born in Gloucester county, Virginia, died in 
Richmond. Julv. 1880. at a very advanced 
age. He was a son of John Aaron Belvin. 
who was born in Gloucester county. Vir- 
ginia, and lived to a very advanced age. He 
was considered a very rich man for the 
times, and when past middle age married 
the beautiful Miss Dobson. of England. By 
this union there were three children, all of 
whom, however, are now dead. John A. 
Belvin was a manufacturer in Richmond all 
his business life and was the first president 
of the Mechanics Institute. He was an in- 
telligent, forceful man. and always lent a 
willing hand to all movements of a public- 
spirited nature. He was quite old at the 
breaking out of the civil war. but neverthe- 
less joined the Confederate armv. serving in 
the Home Guards and giving active service 
whenever called on to do so. He married 
Margaret .^\nn Durham, of Richmond, 
daughter of John Durham, also of Rich- 
mond, who was a well known manufacturer 
here all his life, and her mother was Mary 
Till, a ereat-granddaughter of General An- 
thony ^^"ayne. Mary Till was born in Au- 
gusta county. Virginia. John Allan Belvin 
had twelve children, of whom six are now 
living as follows: Minnie. Rose, Winchester 
Durham, Charles Edward, Preston, William 
Wayne. . 

After receiving 1 thorough prcliminar\- 



and collegiate education, Preston Belvin as- 
sociated himself in business with his father. 
He therein secured the requisite training 
which has since been so essential in the con- 
duct of the business. Upon the death of 
his father in August, 1880, Preston Belvin 
assumed entire control of the business, and 
successfully conducted the same until 1893, 
when a fire destroyed the entire plant. At 
that time the factory was located at the 
present site of the freight depot of the Sea- 
board Air Line Railway. For a short per- 
iod thereafter, Mr. Belvin discontinued as 
a manufacturer, took up the study of law 
and entered into the publishing of "The 
Legal Journal," which he sold out two years 
later, and immediately identified himself as 
a partner with large publishing houses of 
New York City, issuing an extensive line 
of school books. This in turn he sold out 
and established the present company in 
1896. This is the old and well-known con- 
cern formerly located at Ninth and Main 
streets. Another fire totally destroyed this 
plant in December. 191 2, and the present 
commodious building was erected this past 
year at the corner of Marshall and Hermi- 
tage streets, and is the largest building 
devoted to the manufacture of school fur- 
niture and supplies in the United States. 
Over one hundred employees are herein 
given employment. 

Preston Belvin was jjeculiarly fortunate 
in securing a thorough schooling in his 
young boyhood. He attended preliminarily 
both the Squires School, Strauthers and 
Norwood, completing courses in these, and 
then entered Richmond College. He subse- 
quently completed a course at King Col- 
lege at Bristol, Virginia, and finally at 
Poughkeepsie, New York. He is known 
among his associates as a hard worker, and 
a man with an active brain, and that the 
result of his thinking has been beneficial, 
especially in a commercial way is attested 
to by the fact that his well known inven- 
tions, the Old Dominion Patent Heat and 
Ventilating System is in use all over the 
civilized world, as is also the Virgo Plate 
Blackboard, manufactured of wood pulp. 
He and his corporation own many other 
valuable patents and trademarks. 

Mr. Belvin has found time to prove his 
citizenship and patriotism : politically he 
was the founder and president of the Pow- 
hatan Club, which was undoubtedlv the 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



125 



basic influence causing the state of Virginia 
to become solidly Democratic. He was a 
member of the board of aldermen, represent- 
ing Madison ward for many years and has 
always been active in state, county and city 
politics. 

Mr. Belvin is a member of the Richmond 
Blue Lodge, No. 10, Free and Accepted 
Masons ; Lafayette Chapter, Royal Arch 
Masons ; Richmond Commandery, No. 2, 
Knights Templar. He is a thirty-second de- 
gree Scottish Rite Mason of Dalcho Con- 
sistory, No. I, Richmond; foimded Acca 
Temple, Nobles of the IMystic Shrine, in 
iS86, and was its first grand potentate ; also 
an honorary life member of the Imperial 
Council of the Mystic Shrine ; past exalted 
ruler and past district deputy grand exalted 
ruler of Richmond Lodge, No. 45. 

Preston Belvin is president of the \'ir- 
ginia State Automobile Association and 
vice-president of the American .'Vutomobile 
Association. He is a member of both the 
Country Club and the Hermitage Club ; of 
the Chamber of Commerce, of the Rotary 
Club, of the Business Men's Club, of the 
Richmond Advertiser's Club, and in fact 
many other similar organizations, and has a 
general interest from a public-spirited stand- 
point with the growth and development of 
Richmond and the state of Virginia. He is 
well known over the country as a solid 
man and one to be counted upon, a Good 
Roads man. He is at the head of the Good 
Roads Club here, and is the Virginia direc- 
tor of the Quebec and Miami Highway, run- 
ning from Quebec to Miami, Florida, two 
thousand five hundred miles in extent, but 
recently completed and the longest in the 
world. Mr. Belvin is a director and stock- 
holder in many important enterprises here. 
Politically, he has always been known as a 
staunch Democrat, and religiously a liberal 
supporter of the First Baptist Church. 

On December 5, 1875, in the city of Rich- 
mond, Mr. Belvin married Eliza Richard 
Glazebrook, a native of Richmond, whose 
parents, Richard and Mary Eliza (Hope) 
Glazebrook, are both deceased. Richard 
Glazebrook was born in Hanover county, 
Virginia, and served all through the late 
war in the Confederate army. For many 
years he was one of the best known whole- 
sale grocerymen of the state, and the firm 
of Glazebrook & Thomas, wholesale gro- 
cers, was a leading concern of its kind in 



Richmond. JMary Eliza (Hope) Glazebrook 
was a native of Louisa county. Mr. Belvin 
has three children, all married, and with 
interesting families of their own. The first 
child, Margaret May, is now the wife of 
Charles Kruse, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 
The second child, John Allan, devotes his 
time to his father's business, and is the gen- 
eral sales manager thereof ; married Lucile 
Dederick, of Jonesboro. Tennessee, a daugh- 
ter of Captain Dederick, and granddaughter 
of Judge Dederick, who was president of the 
supreme court of appeals of Tennessee for 
sixteen years. Lucile is the great-grand- 
daughter of Governor Shelby, of Kentucky ; 
they have two children, girls : Virginia and 
Marjorie. Preston Jr., the third child, is 
also associated with his father in the capac- 
ity of superintendent ; he married Theressa 
wainman, who was born in Asheville, North 
Carolina, a daughter of Captain Charles 
\\'ainman, of the King's Body Guard, Royal 
Huzzars, England. Her mother was Doro- 
thy Leslie ( lialwaine) Wainman, also born 
in England, and her father. Baron Balwaine, 
is now living in Scotland at a very advanced 
age ; Preston Jr. has two children, Dorothy 
Hilda and Preston Belvin (III). Both sides 
of the Belvin family are entitled to member- 
ship in the Colonial Dames and Daughters 
of the Revolution. Mr. Belvin's wife and his 
daughter. Margaret May, are members of 
both these organizations. 

Stuart N. Michaux, M. D. Embracing 
the profession to which his honored father 
has devoted his life. Dr. Stuart N. Michaux 
has since May, 1904, been a practicing phy- 
sician in the city of Richmond, Virginia, a 
lecturer and professor of gynecology at the 
Medical College of Virginia. He is a son of 
Dr. Jacob M. Michaux, and a grandson of 
William Walthall Michaux, the latter a 
planter and plantation owner prior to the 
war, in Powhatan county, Virginia. He died 
in 1881, aged about seventy years. His 
wife, V'irginia (Bernard) Michaux, survived 
him until 1904, dying at the age of eighty- 
six years. 

Dr. Jacob M. Michaux was born in Beau- 
mont. Powhatan coimty. Virginia, and for 
five years was a leading physician of Pow- 
hatan county. He then located in Richmond, 
Virginia, where he continued the practice 
of his profession. He married Willie Henry 
Johnson, born in 1861. 



136 



X'lRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Dr. Stuart N. Michaux, son of Dr. Jacob 
jM. and Willie Henry (Johnson) Michaux, 
was born at Beaumont, Powhatan county, 
Virginia, July 13. 1878. He was instructed 
in private schools in his earlier years, then 
attended Madison School, Richmond High 
School, AlcCabe's Unix-ersity School, finish- 
ing his classical education at the Univer- 
sity of Virginia. Deciding upon the profes- 
sion of medicine, he prepared at the Uni- 
versity College of ]\Iedicine (Richmond). 
whence he was graduated M. D., class of 
1903. For one year thereafter he served 
as acting assistant surgeon in the Public 
Health and Marine Hospital, at Detroit. 
Michigan, later, in May, 1904, locating in 
Richmond. Virginia, where he continues in 
successful and honorable practice. In igo6 
he was lecturer on gynecology at the Uni- 
versity College of ^iedicine: 1909-12 pro- 
fessor of clinical gynecology : now associate 
professor of gynecology. Medical College of 
Virginia. Dr. Michaux is modern and pro- 
gressive in his methods and teachings, en- 
joying a high reputation as representative 
of the younger medical practitioners and 
professors. He is a fellow of the Richmond 
Academy of Medicine ; fellow of the Medi- 
cal Society of \'irginia ; fellow of the Tri- 
State Medical Society; fellow of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association : fellow of the 
Southern Medical Association; fellow of the 
Clinical Congress of Surgeons of North 
America ; member of Beta Theta Phi, Uni- 
versity of Virginia ; Pi Mu Medical College 
of ^'irginia ; Westmoreland Club, the Rich- 
mond German Club. He is a Democrat in 
politics, and a member of the Protestant 
Episcopal church, the latter church also 
claiming the allegiance of his family. 

Dr. Michaux married Martha Garland 
Whitehead, of Amherst, Virginia, daughter 
of Colonel Thomas \Miitehead, who died in 
1901. Colonel Whitehead was a lawyer, rep- 
resented the sixth Virginia district in the 
Forty-second Congress. He married Martha 
Henry Garland, of Amherst. \'irginia. daugh- 
ter of Samuel Meredith Garland. 

Hon. Howard Randolph Bayne, lawyer 
and author, has been a member of the New- 
York bar since 1882 and is a well-known and 
successful lawyer at that T^ar. He takes an 
active and intelligent interest in general 
affairs and exerts an extensive influence in 
local affairs in his home borough, Staten 



Island. He was born at \\'inchester, Vir- 
ginia. May II, 1851, son of Charles and 
]\Iary Ellen (Ashby) Bayne. and grandson 
of Richard and Susan (Pope) Bayne. Sev- 
eral lines of ancestry will be mentioned in 
succeeding paragraphs, showing the descent 
of the subject of this sketch from the fami- 
lies of Thornton, Stuart, Dabney, Savage, 
Menefee, Wade, Strother. Ashby, Pope, and 
other old and honorable Virginia families. 

Richard Bayne. son of Mathew Bayne, of 
Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, was 
born .September 13, 1789. and died Novem- 
ber 3, 1829. He married Susan, daughter 
of Lawrence and Penelope Pope and a de- 
scendant of Humphrey Pope. Humphrey 
Pope was living in Rappahannock county, 
\'irginia. in 1656, and in 1659 obtained from 
Thomas Pope a deed for one hundred and 
fifty acres near the Cliffs, Westmoreland 
county. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard Hawkins, and died in 1695. Their 
eldest son, Lawrence, married Jemima, re- 
lict of John Spence and daughter of Thomas 
W'addy, of Northumberland, and his will 
was recorded in 1723. He lived in Wash- 
ington parish. John, third son of Lawrence 
Pope, married Sarah, daughter of Christo- 
pher Mothershead. Lawrence (2), second 
son of John and Sarah Pope, was three 
times married: (first) to Jane, daughter of 
Humphrey Quisenberry. (second) to Fran- 
ces Carter, and (third) to Penelope Vigar, 
relict of Jacob Vigar and daughter of Nich- 
olas Quisenberry. His daughter Susan, 
born November 30. 1794, married Richard 
liavne. and their children were ; Lawrence, 
\\'illiam. George H., Charles. Washington 
and Patterson. 

Charles Rayne was born near ESaynesville, 
Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania. No- 
vember 5, 1818, and died October i8th, 
1885. He engaged in the tobacco business 
in Baltimore, Maryland, but when the 
civil war began he found it hazardous 
to continue his residence there because 
his sympathies were with the south. He 
and his family became one of the bands 
of refugees in Virginia who traveled from 
place to place in order to keep within 
the southern lines. About 1863 they took 
up their residence in Richmond, remaining 
there until 1870. He married ]\Iary Ellen, 
daughter of Thomson and Anne Stuart 
(Menefee) Ashby. Thomas Ashby, sup- 
posed to be the first of the name in Virginia 





^iJt^/2^^^ 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



127 



arrived in 1635. Thomas Ashby, believed 
to be the son or grandson of the immigrant, 
about 1700 located in what is now Fauquier 
county. He died in 1752. Robert, son of 
Captain Thomas Ashby born about 1710, 
died 1792, his wife having died before him. 
He spent his entire life on a farm near Dela- 
plane and had a large family. His son Ben- 
jamin settled on land along the Shenandoah 
river which was given him by his father. 
It was Benjamin who served as second lieu- 
tenant in the Eighth Virginia Regimental 
Continental line, in 1777, was promoted to 
first lieutenant March 13. 1779, and March 
18, 1779, was lieutenant of Third \'irginia. 
His son, Captain John Ashby, born April i, 
1740, died April 4, 1815, served in the Third 
X'irginia, Continental Line, from 1775-77; 
was severely wounded at the battle of 
Brandywine in 1777, then retired from active 
service, but was continued as supernumerary 
on continental establishment. It was his 
uncle, Captain Jack Ashby, who founded 
what was known as Ashby's Fort, on Patter- 
son Creek, and in Washington's correspond- 
ence with Governor Dinwiddie was frequent- 
ly mentioned. Captain John Ashby, the 
nephew, married Mary Turner, of Maryland, 
who was born in 1750 and died in 1826. 
Thomson, son of Captain John Ashby, mar- 
ried Ann Stuart Menefee. granddaughter of 
Joseph Strother. Thomson Ashby was born 
in Culpeper county and served in the war of 
1812. AVilliam Strother, founder of the 
family in Virginia, was living along the 
Rappahannock river, where he owned land. 
His wife was named Dorothy. Their son, 
Williain Strother, born before 1655, at his 
father's estate, now in King George county, 
became sherift of the county. He married 
Margaret, daughter of Francis and Alice 
(Savage) Thornton. Francis Thornton was 
an ancestor of George Washington, a son 
of the first William Thornton, of Gloucester 
county, and Alice Savage was a daughter of 
Captain Anthony Savage, justice and high 
sheriff of Gloucester count}'. William (2) 
son of William and Margaret Strother, born 
about 1700, in 1727 purchased an estate on 
the river opposite Fredericksburg, which 
his widow sold to Augustine, father of 
George Washington, in 1738. He married 
Margaret \\';itts. Francis Strother, second 
son of William and Margaret Strother, mar- 
ried Susannah Dabney, of the Hanover 
family of that name, and their son was John 



.Strother, born in Hanover couuty, died in 
April, 1795. The latter married Mary Wil- 
lis Wade and shortly afterwards removed 
to W'adefield, Culpeper county. He was 
captain in the Culpeper militia in 1756, and 
saw active service in the French and Indian 
war. His son, Joseph Strother, married 
Ann Stewart, daughter of Robert and Alary 
Stuart. A daughter of this union, Mary 
Wade Strother, married William Menefee 
and is spoken of as a great beauty. Colo- 
nel William Menefee was born in 17O2 and 
died in 1841, son of John and Mildred (John- 
ston) Menefee. Anne Stuart, daughter of 
William and Mary \\'ade (Strother) Mene- 
fee, married Thomson Ashby, of Fauquier, 
as above mentioned. Thomson Ashby, born 
March 31, 1785, was lieutenant in the Fifth 
Virginia Regiment, Captain Benjamin 
Cole's company from Culpeper, in the war 
of 1812, and died July 14, 1850. Mar)' Ellen, 
youngest daughter of Thomson and .\nne 
Stuart (Menefee) Ashby, married Charles 
Bayne, and they had five children : Nannie 
Thomson, born in 1849, died in 189(1, wife of 
Dr. David Branch ; Howard Randolph 
Bayne, mentioned further; Estelle St. 
Pierre, wife, of Fletcher Piatt Jones, born 
1853, died x-932; Frances Scott, born 1856. 
died 1893, and Hunter Ashby, born i860, 
died 1887. Mrs. Charles Bayne was born 
in P'auquier county, Virginia, June 14, 1826, 
and died October 2, 1869. 

In early boyhood Howard R. Bayne stud- 
ied under private tutors and he prepared for 
college in Squire's School in Richmond. He 
graduated from Richmond college in 1872, 
with the degree of M. A. and from the same 
institution received the degree of B. L. in 
1879, having taken the summer law course 
under Professor John B. Minor at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia in 1878. He taught in 
the University School in Richmond two 
years after his graduation and for three 
years was principal of Pampatike Academy 
at the home of Colonel Thomas H. Carter 
in King William county, Virginia. In 1879 
he was admitted to the Richmond bar and 
soon afterwards formed a "partnership with 
James Alston Cabell, under the firm name 
of Bayne & Cabell, which continued LUitil 
July, 1882, when Mr. Bayne left Richmond 
and took up his residence in New York 
City. At that time he was admitted to the 
New York bar, before which he has prac- 
ticed continuously ever since. He resided 



128 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



I 



in the city from 1882 until i8go, when he 
removed to his present home in New Brigh- 
ton. 

Mr. Bayne has taken a high place in legal 
circles and has taken a prominent part in 
promoting better social and civic conditions. 
In 1892 he was one of the opponents of the 
■'Snap Convention" which tried to put aside 
Grover Cleveland's interests and make 
David B. Hill presidential candidate. The 
result of this movement was a revolution in 
the Democratic party in the state of New 
York and Mr. Bayne was a member of what 
became know^n as the "Anti-Snap" conven- 
tion, as a delegate, and was a member of 
the state committee and sent as one of the 
contesting delegates to the Chicago con- 
vention where Cleveland was finally chosen 
as candidate. 

Mr. Bayne has written numerous articles 
which have gained him honor in the liter- 
ary field. In 1879 h^ accompanied Dr. Pey- 
ton H. Hoge on a tramp of over eight hun- 
dred miles through Virginia and during this 
trip wrote letters to the Richmond "Dis- 
patch," under the assumed name of "Ego 
and Alter," which were later published in 
book form and commanded favorable com- 
ment. He is the author of several mono- 
graphs, among them "The Year 1619 in the 
Colony of \''irginia," "A Rebellion in the 
Colony of Virginia," "The Settlement of 
Jamestown," "The Application of the Mon- 
roe Doctrine" and was editor of Converse's 
Indexes "Virginia and West Virginia Law." 
Numerous articles by him have appeared at 
different times in the "Railroad Gazette," 
and several have been published by the So- 
ciety of Colonial Wars. He belongs to the 
Greek letter society, Beta Theta Phi, the 
Colonnade Club of the University of Vir- 
ginia, Richmond County Country Club, 
New York City and State Bar associations. 
Society of Cincinnati, Society of Colonial 
Wars, Sons of the Revolution, Virginia His- 
torical Society, The Virginians of New 
York, of which he has twice been elected 
governor. New York Southern Society, 
Staten Island Association of Arts and 
Sciences (of which he has been president 
continuously since 1905), Reform Club of 
New York City, of which he is a trustee, and 
Fort Orange Club, of Albany. 

In 1905 Mr. Bayne was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Higgins, of New York, a member of 
the Probation Commission of the state, and 



in 1909 Governor Hughes appointed him a 
member of the New York State Employers' 
Liability Commission. In 1908 he was 
elected to the state senate from the twenty- 
third district, comprising the counties of 
Richmond and Rockland, and was re-elected 
in 1910, but in 1912 declined renomination. 
In 1911-12 he served as chairman of the 
Judiciary Committee of the senate and in 
the former year was appointed by the presi- 
dent of the senate chairman of the Senate 
Committee to investigate in city and county 
of .Albany. He also served as member of 
senate committees on villages, agriculture, 
internal affairs of towns and counties, privi- 
leges and elections; forest, fish and game; 
commerce and navigation, and codes. 

On April 27, 1886, Air. Bayne married, in 
Richmond, \"irginia, Lizzie S., daughter of 
Dr. Samuel Preston Moore, born in Texas, 
Alarch 17, 1852. Dr. Moore was surgeon- 
general of the Confederate States of America, 
having previously been surgeon in the regu- 
lar United States army, from which he re- 
signed when his native state. South Caro- 
lina, seceded from the Union. He married 
Mary Augusta Brown, daughter of Major 
Jacob Brown, United States army, who was 
killed in the Alexican war when the troops 
under his command were attacked at Fort 
Brown, now Brownsville, Texas, named in 
his honor. Two sons were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Bayne : Samuel Preston Moore, born 
at Richmond, October 7, 1887, died April 
12, 1888, and Lloyd Moore Bayne, born at 
New Brighton, August 17, 1892; also one 
daughter, Mary Ashby Moore, born Sep- 
tember 18, 1889. The family attends Christ's 
Protestant Episcopal Church, at New Brigh- 
ton, in which Mr. Bayne is a vestrj^man. 

Charles Augustus Mercer, D. D. S. At 

this time ex-president of the \''irginia State 
Dental Association and just rounding out 
forty years of professional activity in the 
city of Richmond, Dr. Charles Augustus 
Mercer stands preeminent in dental circles 
in the city and state. Maker of a woithy 
record as a dental practitioner, his connec- 
tion with other of Richmond's interests are 
man}-, and fraternally and socially he is well 
known and favored. Dr. Mercer's birth- 
place is Richmond, and numberless ties 
bind him to this city, which has given him 
high recognition as a leader in his profes- 
sion. 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



i2y 



Dr. Charles Augustus Mercer, son of Isaac 
|. and Josephine Virginia ( Arselle) Mercer, 
was born in Richmond, Virginia, June 14, 
185.3, 'iiid after a general education pursued 
professional studies in the Baltimore Col- 
lege of Dental Surgery, whence he was grad- 
uated in the class of 1874. He at once be- 
gan professional work in the city of Rich- 
mond, and for the past thirty years has had 
his office at No. 305 East Main street. A 
practice that has steadily increased during 
those years is ample evidence of the public 
confidence in his skill and ability, while the 
honors that have come to him in profes- 
sional organizations and from his profes- 
sional brethren have shown the esteem in 
which he is held in those circles. Dr. Mer- 
cer is ex-president of the Virginia State 
Dental Association, and that organization 
has conferred upon him a life membership, 
the greatest honor within its gift. He is 
also a member of the Richmond Dental 
Association and the National Dental Asso- 
ciation, and has represented Virginia in 
several conventions of international import- 
ance. From 1886 to 1889 he was secretary 
of the Virginia State Board of Dental Ex- 
aminers, a board inaugurated in 1886, and 
six years afterward was elected to another 
full term in this body but declined to serve. 
Dr. Mercer's fraternal orders are the 
Knights of Pythias, the Royal Arcanum, the 
Columbian Woodmen of the World, and the 
Masonic, in all of which he holds important 
official position. He is a communicant of 
the Second Baptist Church, of Richmond. 

He married, in Richmond, in 1878, Nannie 
Robertson, born in Richmond, daughter of 
JeiTerson S. Robertson. Mrs. Mercer died 
May 13, 1913, the mother of seven children: 
Dr. C. Wilbur ; E. Garnett, a civil engineer 
of Richmond ; Caroline, married Joseph C. 
Briston, engaged in the insurance business 
in Richmond ; Isaac John, an optician of 
Petersburg, Virginia; Edwin Dunn, a lum- 
ber dealer of Chicago, Illinois ; Morton, con- 
nected with the Merchants' National Bank, 
of Richmond ; Cabell Tabb, a dental student 
at the Medical College of Virginia, class of 
1914. Dr. Mercer married (second) Janu- 
ary 7, 1915, Eithel W. Davenport, of King 
William county, Virginia, daughter of E. 
M. and Lelia Marshall (McKenzie) Daven- 
port. 

VIA— 9 



Blair Banister, a New York insurance 
broker, was born at Huntsville, Alabama, 
July 24, 1866. He is the son of John Monro 
and Mary Louisa (Brodnax) Banister, 
daughter of General W'illiam Brodnax, of 
"Kingston," Dinwiddle county, Virginia, 
whose wife was Ann (Withers) Brodnax, 
also of \'irginia. His father, John Alonro 
Banister, was born at "Battersea," Peters- 
burg, Dinwiddie county, Virginia, March 
14, 1818, died March 25, 1907. He was an 
Episcopal clergyman, and was graduated 
from Princeton University with the degree 
of A. B. in 1840. He received the degree 
of LL. D. from the Fredericksburg Law 
School in 1842. and was later a graduate of 
the Virginia Theological Seminary. Pie be- 
came a Doctor of Divinity of William and 
Mary College in 1869, and from 1868 to 
1907 was a trustee of the University of the 
South, at Sewanee, Tennessee. 

The Banister family is English in origin, 
and the name has been variously written 
Banester, Banaster and Banister. The name 
in the form of Banaster occurs in Holin- 
shed's Roll of Battle Abbey. Camden de- 
rives it from Balneator, the keeper rji a 
bath. It also resembles a term used in the 
parish accounts of Chudleigh, county 
Devon, and supposed to mean a traveler in 
distress. 

Distinguished among the ancestors of 
Blair Banister was John Banister, botanist 
and naturalist, who was born in England, 
and died in Virginia in 1692. He was an 
English clergyman who, after spending 
some years in the West Indies, emigrated 
to America, and settled near Williamsburg, 
Virginia. Later, he patented seventeen 
hundred and thirty acres of land on the 
south side of the Appomattox river, at Hat- 
cher's Run, where he established his home. 
Here he devoted himself almost exclusively 
to botanical pursuits, and wrote a natural 
history of Virginia. He was killed by a fall 
from a bluff near the falls of the Roanoke 
river while on a botanical expedition. To 
the second volume of Ray's "History of 
Plants" he contributed a catalogue of plants 
discovered by him in Virginia. Among his 
other publications are : "Observations on 
the Natural Productions of Jamaica," "The 
Insects of Virginia" (published 1700), "Cur- 
iosities of Virginia," "Observations on the 



I30 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Musca lupus," "On Several Sorts of Snails," 
and "A Description of the Snakeroot, Pisto- 
lochia, or Serpentaria Virginiania." Copies 
of many of his articles were made for Con- 
gress, and are in the Congressional Library. 
As a naturalist John Ilanister was esteemed 
the equal of Bertram. At his death (accord- 
ing to Allibone's "Dictionary of Authors") 
he left his large collection of manuscripts 
and curios to his friend. Sir Hans Sloane, 
celebrated naturalist, of Chelsea, London. 
It is a matter of record that when Sir Hans 
Sloan died his wonderful collection of manu- 
scripts, curiosities and objects of natural 
history became, by his will, the nucleus of 
what is now the British Museum. Thus the 
final disposition of John Banister's col- 
lection has been authentically accounted 
for. 

The first John Banister had a son, also 
named John Banister, who was born and 
died in Virginia, and who is several times 
spoken of in Bristol parish register as Cap- 
tain John Banister. He was a vestryman 
of Bristol parish, 1735-40, and of Bath par- 
ish, 1742. He married and had a daughter, 
Martha, born 1732, and a son, John (3), born 

1734- 

This son, John Banister (3), built and 
lived at "Battersea," at Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, where he died in 1787. He received 
a classical education in England, studying 
law also at Temple Bar, London. Before 
the breaking out of the revolutionary war 
he was a member of the Virginia house of 
burgesses. Early in the revolution he was a 
member of the state assembly, and of the 
Continental Congress, from March 16, 
1778, to September 24, 1779. in both New 
York and Philadelphia ; and was also one 
of the framers of the Articles of Confeder- 
ation in 1781. As a lieutenant-colonel of 
Virginia cavalry, under General Lawson, he 
took an active part in repelling the British 
from his state. It is said that on one occasion 
he supplied a regiment of soldiers with 
blankets at his own expense. Several of his 
letters are preserved in the Bland papers, 
Petersburg, Virginia, 1840. In his later 
years he was the proprietor of a large estate. 

He married Anne Blair, daughter of John 
Blair, president of the Virginia council (who 
was a son of Dr. Archibald Blair, and 
nephew of James Blair, D. D., founder 
of William and Mary College) and Mary 
Monro, daughter of Rev. John Monro, of 



Williamsburg, \'irginia. By this union 
there was a son, John Monro Banister, who 
married Mary i3urton Augusta Boiling, 
daughter of Colonel Robert Boiling (IV), of 
"Centre Hill," Petersburg, Virginia, and nad 
several children of whom John Monro Ban- 
ister, D. D., of Huntsville. Alabama, father 
of Blair Banister, was one. A descendant of 
John Banister (i), who was also an uncle 
of Blair Banister, was William C. Banister, 
who was killed at the battle before Peters- 
burg, Virginia, June 9, 1864, in the "Old 
Men's Brigade," which went out to defend 
the city against the Union army. 

Blair Banister, the present Virginia rep- 
resentative of the family, was educated at 
private schools at Huntsville, Alabama, and 
at the University School, at Petersburg, 
Virginia. He was an insurance agent at 
Lynchburg, Virginia, for several years, 
afterwards traveling extensively in the in- 
surance business. He went to New York 
in 191 1, and engaged in business there as an 
insurance broker. His brothers and sisters 
are as follows: Robert Boiling Banister, 
born at Greensboro, Alabama, August 17, 
1854, died in 1889; Dr. John Monro Ban- 
ister Jr., a graduate of Washington and Lee 
University with the degree of A. B. in 1874, 
and of the University of Virginia with the 
degree of M. D. in 1878, colonel in the 
United States army, member of the Army 
and Navy Club of New York, and hereditary 
member of the Society of the Cincinnati ; 
Lieutenant-Colonel William Brodnax Banis- 
ter, of the United States army; Reginal 
Heber Banister, of Birmingham. Alabama; 
.\nne Withers Banister, residing at Lynch- 
burg, \"irginia : Mary Louisa Banister, who 
married Sterling Sidney Lanier, of Birming- 
ham, Alabama ; Augusta Boiling Banister, 
who married Robert Slaughter, of Lynch- 
burg, Virginia ; Ellen Gordon Banister, who 
married Gustav Stalling, also of Lynchburg. 

Blair Banister is a member of the Empire 
State Society, Sons of the American Revo- 
lution. He is also a member of the "V'ir- 
ginians" of New York, and of the "New 
York Southern Society." In politics he is 
an independent Democrat, and in religion he 
is afifiliated with the Protestant Episcopal 
church. He married, March 2, 1893, Marion 
Langhorne, daughter of Major Robert 
Henry Glass, of Lynchburg, Virginia, and 
Meta (Sandford) Glass, of Fa3-etteville, 
North Carolina. There has been one daugh- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



131 



ter of the marriage, Margaret Sandford Ban- 
ister, born at Lynchburg, Virginia, June 29, 
1894. 

George Gordon Battle, a New York hiw- 
yer, is a representative of the Battle family 
of North Carolina, one of the most distin- 
guished and numerous families of the state. 

(I) The American ancestor and founder 
of the family in this country was John 
Battle, of Pasquotank county. North Caro- 
lina, who was a planter on the Pasquotank- 
river as early as 1663. \^ery little is known 
regarding the events of his career, or re- 
garding his origin. He was probably from 
Ireland. 

(II) William Battle, son of John Battle, 
was born in Pasquotank cotmty. North 
Carolina, in 1682, early left an orphan and 
reared by his guardian in Nansemond 
county, Virginia, and resided there for the 
greater part of his life, esteemed and hon- 
ored in the community. By his marriage to 
Sarah Hunter he was the father of a num- 
ber of children, among whom was Elisha, of 
whom further. 

(III) Elisha Battle, son of William 
Battle, was born in Nansemond county, 
Virginia, January 9, 1724, died in Edge- 
comlae county. North Carolina, March 6, 
1799. He resided for the greater part of his 
life in Edgecombe county. North Carolina, 
removing to Tar river in 1748. He was 
active and prominent in the public affairs 
of North Carolina, representing his county 
in the legislature for twenty consecutive 
years ; was state senator during the revo- 
lutionary war, and afterwards, until 1787, 
with the exception of two years, was a 
member of the provincial congress which 
met at Halifax, and which formed the state 
convention at Hillsboro, in 1788, which met 
to deliberate on the ratification of the con- 
stitution of the United States, and was often 
chairman of the committee of the whole ; 
was an active factor in drawing up the con- 
stitution of North Carolina, and for a num- 
ber of years served in the capacity of jus- 
tice of the peace and also as chairman of 
the court of common pleas and quarter ses- 
sions. About the year 1764 he joined the 
Baptist church and continued a consistent 
and zealous member of this organization 
until his death, serving for twenty-eight 
years as deacon. He married, in 1742. Eliz- 
abeth Sumner, granddaughter of William 



Sumner, a planter in Virginia, whose grand- 
son, Jethro Svimner, was a brigadier-general 
in tile continental army under General 
Washington. Children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Battle: i. Sarah, married (first) Jacob Hil- 
hard, (second) Henry Horn Jr. ; had a 
daughter Elizabeth, who married William 
Fort. 2. John, died in 1796 ; married Frances 
Davis. 3. Elizabeth, married Josiah Crud- 
up. third son, Josiah Crudup, was a member 
of congress from 1821 to 1823. 4. Elisha. 
born in 1749; married Sarah, daughter of 
lienjamin Bunn. 5. William, born Novem- 
ber 8. 1751, died in 1781 ; married, about 
1774, Charity Horn. 6. Jacob, of whom fur- 
ther. 7. Jethro, born 1756, died in 1813: 
married Martha Lane. 8. Dempsey, born 
1758, died 1815; married, in 1784. Jane An- 
drews. 

(IV) Jacob Battle, son of Elisha Battle, 
was born in North Carolina, April 22. 1754, 
died April I. 1814. He married, July 21, 
1785, Mrs. Penelope Edwards, nee Langley. 
Children : James Smith, of whom further. 
Lucy ; Marmaduke ; Thomas ; Elizabeth, 
married, in 1814, Dr. Cullen Battle. 

(V) James Smith Battle, son of Jacob 
I3attle, was born June 25. 1786, died July 18, 
1854. He married (first) January, 1812. 
Mrs. Temperance Fort, daughter of Jethro 
Battle (Tempy Battle), and (second) De- 
cember 3. 1812, Sally Harriet Westray, 
daughter of Samuel Westray. Children : 
Marmaduke ; William S.. married Elizabeth 
Dancy ; Turner Westray, of whom further ; 
Cornelia, married John S. Dancy ; Mary- 
Eliza, married (first) William F. Dancy, 
(second) Dr. N. J. Pittmann ; Martha, mar- 
ried Kemp P. Battle ; Penelope, married W. 
R. Cox. 

(VI) Turner Westray Battle, son of James 
Smith Battle, was born in Nashville, North 
Carolina. February 6. 1827. He was the 
owner of "Cool Spring Plantation," Edge- 
combe county. North Carolina, and was a 
man of prominence and influence in the 
community. He married, Alay i, 1850, 
Lavina Bassett Daniel, daughter of Judge 
Joseph J. Daniel, who was for sixteen years 
judge of the superior court of North Caro- 
lina, and later, for the same period, was a 
judge of the supreme court of that state. 
He was a distinguished jurist, and was held 
in high esteem throughout the state. He 
was a member of the Daniel family of North 
Carolina and Virginia, representatives of 



'3- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



which have been noted in the professions and 
in commerce, and have filled many import- 
ant offices in the nation and state. Among 
the children of Mr. and Mrs. Battle was 
George Gordon, of whom further. 

(VII) George Gordon Battle, son of 
Turner Westray and Lavinia Bassett (Dan- 
iel) Battle, was born at the home of his 
parents, "Cool Spring Plantation," Edge- 
combe county. North Carolina, October 26, 
1868. He received his education at Hanover 
Academy, in Virginia ; at the University of 
North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Caro- 
lina ; at the University of Virginia, Char- 
lottesville, Virginia, and Columbia Univer- 
sity, New York City. He was graduated at 
the University of Virginia in 1889 with the 
degree of Master of Arts. AVhile at the 
University of Virginia, Mr. Battle served 
as the editor of the "College Magazine." In 
January, 1890, he began his course of study 
in law at the Columbia University Law 
School, acting at the same time as law 
clerk, and in 1891 was admitted to the bar. 
On the recommendation of the faculty of 
Columbia University Law School, he was 
appointed as an assistant district attorney 
by De Lancey Nicoll, then district attorney 
of the county of New York, in 1892, and he 
served in that capacity until 1897. His work 
consisted in the presentation of cases to 
the grand jury, the drawing of indictments, 
the trial of cases and the preparation and 
argument of appeals. He participated in 
the Carlisle Harris case and other notable 
prosecutions. No indictment drawn by him 
was ever successfully attacked on demur- 
rer. After the termination of the term of 
Mr. Nicoll, he was reappointed by Colonel 
John R. Fellows, and on the death of Colo- 
nel Fellows the latter was succeeded by 
Hon. William M. K. Olcott, and Mr. Battle 
resigned, although Mr. Olcott requested 
him to continue in office. 

He formed a partnership with his asso- 
ciate, Hon. Bartow S. Weeks, also an as- 
sistant district attorney and afterwards a 
justice of the supreme court of New York, 
under the name of Weeks & Battle. Mr. H. 
Snowden Marshall, afterwards United 
States district attorney, soon became a 
member of the firm, which continued in 
practice for some years under the name of 
Weeks, Battle & JVIarshall, and among the 
notable cases conducted by this firm was the 
case of Roland B. Molineaux, who was on 



trial for alleged murder. Judge Weeks 
withdrew from the firm, which continued 
as Battle & Marshall until 191 1, when 
Laiited States Senator James A. O'Gorman, 
upon his retirement from the bench of the 
supreme court and election to the United 
States senate, became a member of the firm. 
The firm continued as O'Gorman, Battle & 
Marshall until ;\Ir. Marshall became United 
States district attorney and withdrew. Air. 
Almuth C. Vandiver then became a partner, 
and the firm still continues as O'Gorman, 
Battle & Vandiver, at No. 37 Wall street, 
New York City, where it is engaged in the 
general practice of law. 

Mr. Battle has been active in politics, 
having been a consistent Democrat, and 
was the candidate of that party for district 
attorney of the county of New York in 1909, 
his successful opponent being Hon. Charles 
S. Whitman. He was chairman of the com- 
mittee on speakers of Tammany Hall. He 
has also been interested in and identified 
with military afi:airs, serving for five years 
as a member of the Seventh Regiment, Na- 
tional Guard of New York, retiring in 1896. 

Mr. Battle attends the Episcopal church, 
and is a vestryman of the Church of the 
Ascension in New York. He is a member of 
of the Bar Association of the City of New 
York ; of the New York State Bar Associa- 
tion ; of the New York County Lawyers' 
Association ; of the Southern Society, of 
which he has been secretary and vice-presi- 
dent ; of The North Carolina Society, of 
which he has been president for two terms ; 
and "The Virginians," of which he has been 
governor during the year 1912-13. He is 
president of Parks and Playgrounds Asso- 
ciation of the City of New York, as well 
as a member of many other civic societies. 
His clubs are the Metropolitan, Calumet, St. 
Nicholas, National Democratic, The Law- 
yers, Stock Exchange Luncheon and the 
Oakland Golf. 

Mr. Battle married, in Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, April 12, 1898, Martha Bagby, daugh- 
ter of Dr. George W. and Lucy Parke 
iChamberlayne) Bagby. Mr. and Mrs. 
Battle reside at No. 152 East Thirty-fifth 
street. New York City, and have a summer 
home at "The Campbell Field." near Rapi- 
dan. Orange county, \'irginia. 

Rev. Russell Cecil, D. D. The year 1900 
witnessed the beginning of the present con- 



N'lRCIXlA lUOCRAIMlV 



133 



nectit)!! between Dr. Russell Cecil antl the 
Second Presbyterian Church of Richmond. 
Dr. Cecil, a scion of an old Pulaski county. 
Virginia, famil}'. but a native of Kentucky, 
obtained both his classical and theological 
training at Princeton, the former in the uni- 
versity, the latter in the seminary, and from 
the time of his ordination into the ministrj' 
i)f the Presbyterian church until 1900 Ken- 
tucky and Alabama were his fields ol en- 
deavor. The past fifteen years he has passed 
as pastor of the Second Presbyterian 
Church of Richmond, and here his ministry 
has been rewarded with abundant fruits. 
A fine and willing spirit exists in the con- 
gregation, their co-operation with the ])lans 
and labors of Dr. Cecil is all that could be 
desired, and under his capable and enthusi- 
astic leadership the church has become a 
powerful instrument for good in the city, its 
activities finding outlet through its numer- 
ous internal organizations. 

( I ) Dr. Cecil is a grandson of Zachariah 
W. Cecil, born and died in Pulaski county. 
Virginia, where he passed all his active- 
years in farmmg. He married Julia, daugh- 
ter of Major Daniel Howe, a promineilt 
citizen of Pulaski county, sister of the 
mother of Governor Hoge Tyler, and had 
children, all deceased: Russell Howe.,' of 
whom further; Giles. Zachariah. Daniel R.. 
Julia. 

(II) Russell Howe Cecil, son of Zachar- 
iah W. and Julia (Howe) Cecil, was born in 
Pulaski county, Virginia, October 27, 1815. 
and died at Harrodsburg. Mercer county, 
Kentucky. April zj. 1890. In his early life 
he was a merchant, later retiring to a farm 
in Kentucky. He married Lucy Ann Pliil- 
lips. of Monticello, Kentucky, and had seven 
children, of whom four are living at this 
time; Micajah Howe; Russell, of whom 
further ; John Giles, a prominent and noted 
physician of Louisville, Kentucky, died in 
that place; Julia, married Dr. J. M. D.ilton, 
deceased, of Harrodsburg, Kentucky; Sue 
Ellen, married R. S. P.ohon. of Decatur. 
Illinois ; and two who died in infancv. 

(III) Dr. Russell Cecil, son of" Russell 
Howe and Lucy Ann (Phillips) Cecil, was 
born in Monticello. Wayne county, Ken- 
tucky, October i, 1853. and when he wa:- 
five years of age his parents moved to Mer- 
cer county, Kentucky, where from the age 
of five to seventeen years he attended 
school. After thorough preparatory study 



he matriculated at Princeton University and 
was graduated in 1874. teaching school for 
one year before returning to Princeton to 
take up theological studies in the seminar}-. 
These he completed in 1878, and his first 
charge after his ordination was at Nicho- 
lasville, Kentucky, where he remained for 
six years, afterward serving the Central 
Presbyterian Chtirch at Maysville, Ken- 
tucky, for three and one-half years. In 1889 
he was elected pastor of the Presbyterian 
church at Selma, xAlabama, which he served 
for eleven and one-half years, then accepted 
a call to the Second Presbyterian Church, of 
Richmond, where he has since been pastor. 
The relation is of the pleasantest and both 
pastor and people recall vixidly and with 
pleasure the close communion and the 
mutual inspiration of the past fifteen years. 
Dr. Cecil holds a place in the hearts of his 
congregation that will never be granted to 
another, and together they have labored 
with result for the extension of the King- 
dom. Dr. Cecil has been honored with sev- 
eral positions of importance by his church. 
Hefore coming to Virginia, he was presi- 
dent of the board of directors of the Colum- 
l)ia Theological Seminary, of South Caro- 
lina. 1898-1900. During the years 1911-12 
he was moderator of the East Hanover Pres- 
bytery, of the synod of Virginia, and of the 
general assembly of the Presbyterian 
church in the L'nited States, holding all 
three offices at the same time, a unique ex- 
perience in the history of the Presbyterian 
church. At the present time (^igis) he is a 
member of the council of the Reformed 
churches in America holding the Presby- 
terian system ; and also a member of the ex- 
ecutive committee of the council of the fed- 
eration of Protestant churches in America. 
He will also represent the Presbyterian 
church of the United States in the world 
conference on faith and order. The degree 
of D. D. has been conferred upon him by 
his alma mater, Princeton University, and 
also Southwestern Presbyterian University, 
of Clarksville. Tennessee. 

Dr. Russell Cecil married, in New York 
City. January ig, 1881, .\lma Miller, born in 
Richmond. Kentucky. September 2. 1858. 
daughter of Dr. Lafayette and Carrie (Em- 
bry ) Miller, both deceased. Dr. Lafayette 
Miller died during the war between the 
states while serving in the medical corps of 
the Confederate armv. Children of Dr. Rus- 



134 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



sell and Alma (Miller) Cecil: Russell Lafay- 
ette, born (3ctober 13, 1881, a prominent 
physician of New York City, connected with 
Columbia University and the Presbyterian 
Hospital: John Howe, born May 2, 1883, a 
wholesale paint dealer of Richmond ; Alma 
Miller, born December 28, 1886, married 
Lucius Falkland Cary ; James McCosh, born 
June 2, 1891, editor of "Richmond," the 
official journal of the city of Richmond, mar- 
ried Alston Drake, of Richmond ; Elizabeth 
P.arnett, born March 6. 1900, lives at home ; 
Mary Campbell, died in infancy. 

Julius Joseph Hulcher, M. D. The family 
of which Dr. Hulcher, of Richmond. Vir- 
ginia, is a member, was founded in Virginia 
by Joseph H. Hulcher, who came hither 
from his home in his native land, Tyrol. 
Austria-Hungary. Dr. Hulcher is a mem- 
ber of the third American generation of his 
family, grandson of the immigrant, Joseph 
H. Hulcher. Joseph H. Hulcher married 
Mary A. Beckampfer, and had five sons, 
William, Joseph Henry, of whom further, 
Thomas, Lewis and Frank, of whom the 
first and last are deceased, the remainder 
residing in Richmond, \^irginia. 

Joseph Henry Hulcher. son of Joseph H. 
and Mary A. (Beckampfer) Hulcher, was 
born in Virginia. March 19, 1852, the city 
of Richmond his birthplace, and here he re- 
sides at the present time. After completing 
his education he learned the machinist's 
trade, which he successfully followed. In 
1886 he became a member of the Richmond 
police force, and now serves as a guardian 
of the peace in his native city. Joseph 
Henry Hulcher married Victoria Pohl, born 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, now residing in Rich- 
mond with her husband, daughter of Tobias 
and Anna (Reymeier) Pohl. Joseph Henry 
and Victoria (Pohl) Hulcher have had six 
children, one of whom died in infancy. 
Frank, a journalist of Norfolk, Virginia : 
Joseph, an engineer, resides in Richmond : 
Dr. Julius Joseph, of whom further : Annie, 
twin of Dr. Hulcher, resides in Richmond, 
unmarried; Clara, married S. J. Cunning- 
ham, of Richmond. Virginia. 

Dr. Julius Joseph Hulcher, son of Joseph 
Henry and Victoria (Pohl) Hulcher, was 
born in Richmond. Virginia, September 23, 
1887. His academic education was obtained 
in the John Marshall High School and Rich- 
mond Collega, and he afterward entered the 



L'niversity College of Medicine, whence he 
was graduated M. D. in the class of 191 1. 
For one year and a half he was connected 
with the City Hospital, one year as interne, 
six months as surgeon, and at the end of 
that time he established in general practice 
in Richmond. Dr. Hulcher's office is at No. 
2001 Main street, and to this place he has 
already attracted a desirable clientele, and 
is well on the high road to professional 
prominence. He affiliates with the various 
medical societies, and in political action is 
a Democrat. Dr. Julius Joseph Hulcher 
married, in Washington, District of Colum- 
bia, October 14, 1913, Clara L. Herzog, born 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, daughter of Charles and 
Katherine (Glanker) Herzog, both of Cin- 
cinnati. 

Harold Solomon Bloomberg. Two gen- 
erations of lawyers, father and son, have 
made the name Bloomberg an honored one 
in the court and public annals of Richmond, 
Virginia, the son holding the distinctive 
honor of being the object of a special act 
of the legislature of Virginia authorizing 
him to j)ractice law prior to attaining the 
recjuired age of twenty-one years. 

Solomon L. Bloomberg, the father, was 
born in Yorkville, South Carolina, in 1859. 
He obtained his classical education in Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania, the family moving 
to that city while he was still a boy. Later 
he located in Richmond, where he studied 
law at the University of Virginia. After his 
admission to the Virginia bar, he entered 
into partnership with Major John Johns and 
practiced for some time as Johns & Bloom- 
berg. .\fter the association was dissolved, 
he practiced alone until after the admission 
of his son, Harold S., to the bar, practicing 
with him until 1905 when he retired. He 
was for many years an active, influential 
member of the Democratic party, was a 
member of Richmond common council for a 
numlier of years, and when he retired from 
that body was its honored president. He 
rose to high honors in the ^lasonic order, 
and at the present time is past master of 
Fraternal Lodge. No. 53, Ancient Free and 
Accepted Masons : past high priest of Chap- 
ters Nos. 3 and 32. Royal Arch Alasons ; past 
high priest of the Grand Chapter of the 
State of \'irginia. Royal Arch Masons: and 
is held in high esteem among his Masonic 
brethren. He is connected with various 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



135 



fraternal orders, in all of which he has held 
high official position, including- the Royal 
Arcanum, being past grand regent of the 
Grand Council of Virginia, and past regent 
of a local lodge, and an ex-member of the 
Supreme Council. He is an ex-president of 
the Jefiferson Club of Richmond, and a lead- 
ing, official member of the Jewish Congre- 
gation of Beth Ahabah of Richmond. He 
has been a member of the board of man- 
agers for man}- years and the treasurer of 
the congregation 

Mr. Bloomberg Sr. married, in 1880, -Alice 
Ezekiel, born in Richmond, Virginia, 
in i860, daughter of Naphthali Ezekiel, of 
New York, and his wife, Rebecca (Levy) 
Ezekiel, of Richmond, Virginia, daughter of 
Jacob and Martha (Ezekiel) Levy. The 
original heads of both the Ezekiel and Levy 
families in this country came from Portugal 
via Holland, leaving Portugal at the time 
of the Inquisition, and from Holland com- 
ing to America. Children of Solomon L. 
and Alice (Ezekiel) Bloomberg: Harold S., 
of further mention ; Edna, married A. B. 
Lichtenstein. of Tarboro, North Carolina; 
Amy, married Edwin N. Ezekiel : Clarence 
S. ; Alma and Louis S. 

Harold S. Bloomberg was born in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, May 21, 1881. He passed 
through the various grades of the Richmond 
public school, and was graduated from the 
high school, class of 1897, winning a schol- 
arship in Richmond College for the highest 
standing among the male students. At that 
college in his junior year, he competed with 
the seniors for the Edward Thompson prize, 
and won the contest, being the only junior 
to enter. His thesis was "Efifect of infancy 
as a defence to an action on the case for 
misrepresentation," and was considered by 
the judges as worthy of the prize, a set of 
American and English Encyclopedia of 
Law, valued at $250. He was graduated 
from Richmond College, B. L., class of 1900, 
and the following year (July, 1901) was 
admitted to the bar, although but twenty 
years of age. He was admitted, however, 
through a special act of the legislature, 
authorizing him to practice law before 
reaching the age of twenty-one years, sub- 
ject to an examination by the judges of the 
court of appeals. This examination he suc- 
cessfully passed, and at once began practice 
with his learned and honored father, con- 



tinuing until the latter's retirement. In 1910 
he formed a partnership with Alvin B. Hutz- 
ler, and is now engaged in lucrative practice 
as senior member of the law firm, Bloom- 
berg & Hutzler. He is local attorney for 
the Virginia Railway and Power Company, 
counsel for the Central National Bank, and 
assistant counsel for the Richmond branch 
of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty 
to Animals, secretary for the Mutual Sav- 
ings and Security Corporation, and has been 
admitted to practice in state and federal 
courts of the district. 

Mr. Bloomberg served for a number of 
years in Company B, First Regiment of Vir- 
ginia Infantry, Walker Light Guard. He is 
a member of the congregation of Beth Aha- 
bah in religion, and a Democrat in politics. 
He is a member of the Independent Order 
of B'nai Brith ; past president of Rimmon 
Lodge, Richmond, and second vice-presi- 
dent of the District Grand Lodge, No. 5, 
embracing the states from Maryland to 
Georgia ; member of the Neighborhood 
Home Association, also of its board of man- 
agers. Jefferson and Business Men's clubs of 
Richmond, and lawyer member of the Rich- 
mond Rotary Club, of which he is also a 
member of the board of managers. 

Mr. Bloomberg married, in 1909, Claire 
H. Kahn. born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 
daughter of Joseph and Fannie (Hutzler) 
Kahn. Joseph Kahn, a merchant, has other 
children : Sarah, who married Howard Live- 
right, of Lancaster, Pennsylvania ; and Solo- 
mon H. Mr. Bloomberg's residence is at 
No. 701 Noble avenue, Ginter Park, a popu- 
lar suburb just outside the city of Rich- 
mond. 

Harry A. Brinkley. Nansemond county 
was the early Virginia seat of the Brinkley 
family, now represented in Portsmouth by 
Harry A. Brinkley, of the Virginia bar. He 
descends from William Brinkley, whose 
commission as captain of the Third Com- 
pany of a North Carolina regiment in the 
revolution bears date of April, 1776. 

(II) Jacob Brinkley, son of Captain Wil- 
liam Brinkley, was a planter of Nansemond 
county, Virginia. He married Sally Cun- 
akan. 

(III) Admiral Brinkley, son of Jacob and 
Sally (Cunakan) Brinkley, was born in 
Nansemond county, Virginia, and there died 



136 



VlR(;iXI.\ BIOGRAPHY 



in 1849, ^ planter, slave owner, man of 
wealth, influence and edvication. He mar- 
ried Abcele (irifiin. 

(IV) Admiral (2) Brinkley, son of Ad- 
miral (i) and Abcele (Griffin) Brinkley, was 
born in Nansemond county, \'irginia, in 
1850. The family fortune and estate being 
sadly imjjaired by the war of 1861-65. he 
was compelled to seek his own path m life 
and after obtaining a good education, in tne 
home schools, he located in Portsmouth. 
He chose a mercantile life, beginning as 
clerk, but after becoming thoroughly famil 
iar with business methods and detail, in- 
terested a partner and became junior part- 
ner of the wholesale grocery firm, RiddicV 
& Brinkley, in Norfolk. Virginia. After 
several years of successful business, this 
firm was reorganized as a corporation, A. 
Brinkley & Company, of which Air. Brink- 
ley is the capable president. He married, 
in 1876. Laura, daughter of Bassett B. and 
Elizabeth Jane (Grimes) Warren. 

(V) Harry A. Brinkley, only child of 
Admiral (2) and Laura (Warren) Brinkley, 
was born in Portsmouth, Virginia, April 
25, 1877, obtained his early education in 
Portsmouth schools, then attended Norfolk 
Academy. Later he entered Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute, leaving there to enter the 
law school of the University of Virginia. 
There he pursued a full course of legal study 
and was graduated LL. B., class of i8gg. 
After graduation he chose Spokane, Wash- 
ington, as the scene of his first essay in 
practice, but the attraction of his Virginia 
home prevailed and after a short but suc- 
cessful stay in Spokane, he returned home 
and began practice in Portsmouth, He has 
won his way at this, one of the strong bars 
of his native state, and has a most satis- 
factory practice in all state and federal 
courts of the district. He is a member of 
the Norfolk and Portsmouth Bar Associa- 
tion and is highly regarded among his pro- 
fessional brethren. He is a director and 
attorney of the First National Bank of 
Portsmouth, and the Industrial Loan Cor- 
poration. 

Through the patriotic ser\ice of his revo- 
lutionary sire, Captain William Brinkley, 
he has gained membership in the Sons of the 
.\merican Revolution ; is a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, is 
a Mason, and in ])olitical faith is a Demo- 
crat. In 1907 he was elected ca])tain of the 



historic "Grimes Battery" of Portsmouth, 
now known as "Battery C," First Field Ar- 
tillery. Virginia National Guard. This rank 
he yet holds, ha\-ing been a member of the 
battery since 1907. 

Mr. Brinkley married, October 23, 1901, 
Mary Thompson, of Baltimore. Maryland, 
daughter of John and Emma (Williar) 
Thompson : she is a direct descendant of 
Elizabeth Chew and of the Bruces and 
Bowies, of Alaryland. 

William Dabney Duke. The Duke family 
came originally from England, and is typical 
of the best character of that strong and 
dominant race, which formed the foundation 
upon which has since been constructed the 
composite citizenship of the United States, 
in safety, thanks to its sterling strength, 
and has filled our history with most of those 
great names, associated with the birth and 
development of the nation. 

{ I ) John Duke, the paternal great-grand- 
father of ^\"illinm Dabney Duke, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, was the first of the name 
to come from the "Mother Country" to 
America. He settled in Frederick county, 
V'irginia. in the seventeenth century. One 
branch later moved to Hanover county, in 
the same State, and there founded the home 
which remained for manv vears that of his 
descendants. 

(II) Thomas Taylor Duke, a son of John 
Duke, was born in Hanover county, Vir- 
ginia, and followed the occupation of farm- 
ing. He married Mary Netherland, and by 
her had ten children, all of whom are now 
deceased. 

(III) Francis Johnson Duke, eldest son 
of Thomas Taylor and Mary (Netherland) 
Duke, was born in Hanover county. Vir- 
ginia, in 1842. In his youth he became con- 
nected with a railroad, and continued in that 
business for the remainder of his life. At 
the age of twenty-five years he removed to 
Richmond. Virginia, and there made his 
home until his death in December, 1905. 
Mr. Duke was connected with the telegraph 
service of the Confederate army, in which 
he served during the civil war, and was 
taken prisoner and confined at Point Look- 
out until the close of hostilities in 1865. He 
became associated with the Richmond, Fred- 
ericksburg & Potomac railroad, in 1868, and 
later rose to the position of treasurer. Fran- 
cis lohnson Duke married Lucv Burton 





V ^ 



VIRGINIA lilOGRAPHY 



137 



Williamson, who was also a native of Han- 
over county, X'irginia. Mrs. Duke was the 
daughter of William and Elizabeth (De Jar- 
nettej Williamson, of that county. Mr. Wil- 
liamson was a farmer all his life and the 
father of six children, of whom Dabney 
Williamson, now a resident of Richmond, 
and Lucy lUirton (Williamson) Duke are 
the only survivors. Mrs. Duke is now a 
resident of Richmond. To Mr. and Mrs. 
I'rancis Johnson Duke were born eight chil- 
dren, five of whom are living, as follows : 
[•"rank W., of Richmond, now the superin- 
tendent of the Mechanics' Institute of that 
city ; William Dabney, of this sketch ; 
Thomas Taylor, a lieutenant in the United 
States army ; Cora De Jarnette, now Mrs. 
Thomas A. Lewis, of Granville, Ohio, Mr. 
Lewis occupying the position of professor 
in the iJenison University; Lucy William- 
son, who lives unmarried with her mother. 
(IVj William Dabney Duke, third child 
of Francis Johnson and Lucy Burton (Wil- 
liamson) Duke, was born December 11, 
1872, in Richmond, \'irginia. He was edu- 
cated in the local jjublic schools, which he 
attended through the high school in ])repara- 
tion for a college course. He then matricu- 
lated at Richmond College in Richmond, 
and graduated therefrom with the class of 
1894, with the degree of Bachelor of Science. 
His father's life-long experience in railroad 
matters naturally turned his thoughts and 
inclinations in that direction, but prior to 
attending college he occupied a clerical posi- 
tion with the Richmond Locomotive and 
Machine Works of Richmond, from 1888 to 
1891. In 1894, after his graduation, he be- 
came associated with the Richmond, Fred- 
ericksburg & Potomac railroad, with which 
his father had been for so many years, first 
taking a position as stenographer under 
Major Myers, the president of the company. 
He continued in this work for six years with 
Major Myers, and then, in 1901, was given 
the position of general manager of the sys- 
tem. Mr. Duke was only twenty-eight 
years of age when he was thus put in charge 
<)f a railroad, a most conspicuous tribute to 
his capacity and skill, to say nothing of in- 
dustry, which he had displayed from the 
outset. The competent manner in which he 
filled the post of general manager is evi- 
denced by the fact that five years later he 
was promoted to the position which he holds 
to-day. that of assistant to the president. 



The Richmond, Fredericksburg & I'oto- 
mac railroad and the Washington Southern 
railway, as the complete system is called, is 
the direct line between the capital of Vir- 
ginia and the National Capital. It forms 
thus one of the most important links in the 
great chain of railroads which binds the 
south into an industrial unit. Besides this 
material importance, it also possesses for 
the people of the United States a senti- 
mental significance surpassed by no railroad 
in the country, in virtue of the many points 
of historic and romantic interest along its 
line, cities, towns, hamlets, associated with 
the dearest and most stirring episodes and 
traditions of the American people. From 
Washington the line runs along the Poto- 
mac river, passing the home of General Lee 
at Arlington, passing Alexandria, where is 
located historic Christ Church, where the 
unaltered pew of George Washington still 
stands, near Mount Vernon, through Fred- 
ericksburg and so on to Richmond, with its 
glorious and tragic associations. It is upon 
the official staff of this railroad that Mr. 
Duke holds his important post. 

Mr. Duke has not, however, confined him- 
self to the interests of his business, a policy 
which has narrowed so many of the great 
figures in the financial and industrial world. 
On the contrary, he has given generously of 
both time and energy to the affairs of the 
community of which he is a distinguished 
member. Always keenly interested in pub- 
lic affairs, of both national and local signifi- 
cance, he has entered the latter with his 
characteristic enthusiasm, and made himself 
a force in local matters. Possessing a great 
and well deserved popularity, he was elected 
to the office of mayor of Ginter Park, which 
office he held when that charming suburb 
was annexed to Richmond in November. 
1914. 

William Dabney Duke married, Septem- 
ber 21. 1904, at Wake Forest, North Caro- 
lina, Jane E. Taylor, a native of that place, 
where she was born in 1883. Mrs. Duke is 
the daughter of Charles E. and Mary H. 
Taylor. Mr. Taylor is a distinguished 
scholar, was president and is now a mem- 
ber of the faculty of Wake Forest College. 
Mrs. Taylor is deceased. Mr. and Mrs. 
Duke are the parents of three children, as 
follows: Francis Johnson, born March 6, 
1906; Mary Hinton, born September 28, 
1908; William, born May 2, 1914. Mr. and 



138 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Mrs. Duke are members of the Baptist 
church, and are active in the work of the 
congregation. 

Hancock Lee Bragg, a prominent busi- 
ness man of New York City, was born at 
Petersburg, Virginia, February 23, 1874. 
His father was William Albert Bragg, who 
was born at Petersburg. \^irginia, in 1844, 
and his mother was Elizabeth Madison 
(Lee) Bragg, daughter of John Hancock 
and Fanny Madison (Willis) Lee, of Orange 
county, Virginia. William Albert Bragg 
was a tobacconist at Richmond, Virginia, a 
great part of his life, and served as a lieu- 
tenant in a \'irginia regiment of the Con- 
federate army during the civil war. On his 
mother's side Mr. Bragg is a scion of the 
distinguished Lee family of \^irginia, and 
is connected with other families whose 
names occur frequently in the history of 
that state. 

On the maternal side Mr. Bragg is de- 
scended from Richard Lee, usually described 
as "the Colonel," the American founder of 
the Lee family, who settled in \'irginia in 
the early part of the seventeenth century, 
and died there probably early in 1664, cer- 
tainly before .-Kpril 20, 1664. He made sev- 
eral voyages to England bringing back set- 
tlers whom he settled on land improved at 
his own expense, finally making his home in 
Northumberland county, Virginia. He mar- 
ried one Anna, who after his death married 
(second) Edmund Lister. Among the chil- 
dren of Richard and Anna Lee was Han- 
cock, ancestor of what has been called the 
"Ditchley" branch of the family to which 
Mr. Bragg through his mother belongs. 

Hancock Lee, son of Richard and Anna 
Lee, was born in 1653, probably at Divid- 
ing Creeks, in Northumberland county, and 
died May 25, 1709, being buried at "Ditch- 
ley," where his tombstone can still be seen 
with its inscription perfectly legible. This 
burying ground was used by this branch of 
the family for several generations, probably 
until the estate was sold in 1789 to Colonel 
James Ball Jr., whose descendants own it 
to-day. Hancock Lee is supposed to have 
settled in Northampton at the time of his 
first marriage in 1675, '"i"*^ to have returned 
to Northumberland county about 1686. The 
record of the public positions held by him. 
perhaps only partial, seems to agree with 
this supposition. He was justice for North- 



ampton county in 1677, and held a similar 
position in Northumberland in 1687 and 
1699, and was also a burgess for Northum- 
berland county in 1688. A list of civil offices, 
dated June 3, 1699, names him as the "Naval 
Officer and Collector of Virginia Dutys in 
Northumberland County :" another list of 
the date of 1702 mentions him as a justice, 
showing him to have been in commission at 
the time of his death. The Northern Neck 
land records show that Hancock Lee pat- 
ented land in Richmond county, on both 
sides of Rappahannock Horsepen Run and 
adjoining his own land, on the north side of 
Occoquan, in Stafl:'ord county, at the heads 
of the branches of Chapowamsie. in Stafford, 
and adjoining the land of Captain Thomas 
Harrison. 

It has usually been stated that Hancock 
Lee built the old Ditchley mansion about 
1687, but there is no evidence to substan- 
tiate this tradition. It is not even positively- 
known whether the immigrant lived at 
"Ditchley" or "Cobb's Hall." Hancock 
Lee's will was made December 31, 1706, 
and was probated at Northumberland Court 
House, July 20, 1709. Of Hancock Lee, 
Bishop Meade wrote : "That He was a pat- 
ron of the Church is shown by the fact that 
he presented a communion cup to the par- 
ish in 1729. In honor either of himself 
or father, or the whole family, the parish 
was called Lee parish, as may be seen by 
the inscription on the cup. It was often 
called Wycomico. After the downfall of the 
parish Mr. Joseph Ball placed this and other 
pieces into my hands for preservation, in 
the hope that the day might come when the 
old Lee and more modern Wycomico parish 
might call for it again." The cup is now in 
use in the old Wycomico church. He mar- 
ried (first) in 1673, Mary, the only daugh- 
ter of Colonel William Kendall; and (sec- 
ond) Sarah, daughter of Colonel Isaac Aller- 
ton, of Westmoreland. Children : William, 
born prior to 1682, died young and without 
issue before 1706: Anna, prior to January 
5, 1682. and was living as late as October, 
1734, married (first) William Armistead, 
and (second) William Eustace; Richard, 
born August 18, 1691 ; (by the second mar- 
riage) : Isaac, 1707, died in England in 
T727; John, born probably in 1709, died Au- 
gust II, 1789; Hancock, mentioned below; 
Elizabeth, born 171 1. married Zachary Tay- 
lor. 



\ IRCiIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



139 



Hancock (2) Lee, son of Hancock (i) and 
Sarah (Allerton) Lee, was born in 1709, and 
died near Warrenton, in Fauquier county, 
sometime prior to August, 1789. He lived 
during the later years of his life at Warren- 
ton, in Fauquier county, but when he set- 
tled there is not known. In 1729 a Hancock 
Lee patented three hundred and ninety-three 
acres in King William county, and sold four 
hundred in 1751 for one hundred and fifteen 
pounds sterling. One of the name was jus- 
tice for King George county, in 1745. He 
married, in 1733, Mary, daughter of Colonel 
Henry Willis, of Fredericksburg. Children : 
Willis, who went to Kentucky, in 1774; 
Hancock (3), mentioned below; John; 
Henry; R'ichard, died unmarried; Sarah 
Alexander, who married Colonel John Gil- 
lison ; Mary Willis, died March, 1798, who 
married Captain Ambrose Madison. 

Hancock (3) Lee. son of Hancock (2) and 
Mary (Willis) -Lee. was born in 1736, and 
died in 1815. He was to all appearances a 
civil engineer by profession. He accom- 
panied his elder brother, Willis Lee, and his 
cousin, Hancock Taylor, to Kentucky in 
1771. By the latter's will he inherited lands 
in that state. He was also employed by the 
Ohio Company to survey their lands. George 
Mason, of Gunston, wrote : "Captain Han- 
cock Lee and one Mr. Lee are returned from 
surveying the Ohio Company's two hundred 
thousand acres of land, and are now here 
making out their returns and settling their 
accounts, in assisting which I am closely 
engaged, as I wish to have everything as 
clear and as regular as possible." Captain 
Hancock Lee married Winifred, daughter 
of John Beale, of Westmoreland. Children : 
Arthur ; Pamela ; Mary Frances ; Anne ; Wil- 
lis, mentioned below; Hancock; Thomas; 
Emeline, who married a Mr. Richards, and 
died without issue ; Elizabeth, who married 
Captain Sangster of Fauquier county and 
also died without leaving any issue. 

Willis Lee, son of Hancock (3) and Wini- 
fred (Beale) Lee, married Mary Richards. 
Their children were: John Hancock, men- 
tioned below ; Mary Willis, who married 
Thomas Scott Ashton, who was born in 
1803 and died in 1873, the sixth and young- 
est son of Major Lawrence Ashton and Eliz- 
abeth (Scott) Ashton. his wife, residing in 
Fauquier county. 

John Hancock Lee, son of Willis and 
Mary (Richards) Lee, was born in 1805, and 



died in October, 1873, being buried at Mont- 
pelier, in Orange county. Though born in 
Fauquier county, Mr. Lee spent the greater 
part of his life in Orange county, which 
county he represented for many years in the 
Virginia assembly. He was educated at 
Princeton, and later studied law at the Uni- 
versity of \'irginia. Being in attendance at 
the latter institution when Lafayette made 
his visit there he was chosen to welcome the 
distinguished Frenchman on the part of the 
students. He married (first) Mary, daugh- 
ter of Dr. John and Nellie Conway (Madi- 
son) Willis; (second) Fannie, daughter of 
Lewis and Lucy (Aladison) Willis; and 
(third) Mary, daughter of Sydney Jones, of 
Petersburg. Children: i. Letitia, married 
Dr. Robert Madison and had Letitia and 
Mary, who died young. 2. Nellie Conway, 
born in 1826, and died in 1875. 3- Lewis 
Herman, born March 7, 1849, died July 30, 
1878; married, October 12, 1876, Georgia 
Garland, daughter of the Rev. J. S. Hans- 
borough, and had one daughter, Mary Madi- 
son, born March, 1878. 4. Elizabeth, or 
Lizzie Madison, married William Albert 
Bragg, of Richmond ; children : Hancock 
Lee, mentioned below ; Elise Calvin ; Fannie 
Madison. 

Hancock Lee Bragg, son of William Al- 
bert and Elizabeth Madison (Lee) Bragg, 
was educated in public and private schools 
of Richmond, Virginia, where he prepared 
for college. When he was old enough he 
entered Richmond College, and remained in 
that institution for a period of two years. 
At the end of that time he entered into busi- 
ness life and became connected with the 
Richmond Tobacco Company, subsequently 
leaving that firm to join the firm of Kinney 
Brothers Tobacco Company of Richmond. 
He left that company to go into the tobacco 
leaf business with his father, having by that 
time also travelled as representative of T. 
C. Williams & Company, manufacturing 
tobacconists. Afterwards he was general 
bookkeeper for the Merchants' National 
Bank. Richmond, Virginia, filling that post 
for a period of four years. He then became 
connected with the Sterling Varnish Com- 
pan}- of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, becom- 
ing also one of its board of directors, an 
office filled by him during a space of seven 
years, at the end of which time, in 1905, he 
came to New York City. There he formed 
a connection with the firm of Emil Cralman 



MO 



VTRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



Company, dealers in varnishes and japan, 
being now manager of the insulating depart- 
ment. Mr. Bragg is a member of the South- 
ern Society of New York, the \'irginians of 
New York City, the Railroad Club, and the 
Phi Delta Theta. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat, and in religion belongs to the Protes- 
tant Episcopal church. Mr. Bragg's sister. 
Elise Calvin, married Granville Gray Valen- 
tine, of Richmond, and they have one daugh- 
ter, Elizabeth Lee. His second sister, Fan- 
nie Madison, married George Small, of York, 
Pennsylvania, their children being: Eliza- 
beth Lee. Katherine. and Anna. Mr. Han- 
cock Lee Bragg is himself unmarried. 

Thomas Sanford Cooke, M. D. Thomas 
Sanford Cooke, a leading physician of Ports- 
mouth, Virginia, is descended from one of 
the oldest Rhode Island families. Thomas 
Cooke, who was undoubtedly of English 
origin, was a butcher, residing in Ports- 
mouth, Rhode Island, where he was received 
as an inhabitant in 1643, find was pro]50und- 
ed for a house lot. He purchased land in 
1649 '^nd had a grant of eight acres in 1657. 
He was a freeman in 1655, and represented 
the town as deputy to the general court in 
1664. He died February 6, 1674. His sec- 
ond wife, Mary, who survived him, mar- 
ried (second) Jeremiah Brown. Children: 
John, mentioned below; Thomas, died 1670; 
George; Sarah, married Peter Parker. 

(II) John Cooke, eldest son of Thomas 
Cooke, was a butcher, residing in Ports- 
mouth, where he died in 1691. He was a 
freeman in 1635 ^"d deputy in 1670. He 
was licensed June 3, 1668, in company with 
Daniel Wilcox, to operate the ferry at Pocas- 
set. He married Mary, daughter of Richard 
and Joan Borden, who died before 1691. 
Children : Mary, married William March : 
Elizabeth, born 1653, married ^^'illiam 
Briggs ; Sarah, married Thomas Wait ; John, 
born 1656; Hannah, married (first) Daniel 
Wilcox, (second) Enoch Briggs: Joseph, 
mentioned bekny ; Martha, married W illiam 
Corey; Deborah, married William .Mmy ; 
Thomas, died 1726. 

(III) Joseph Cooke, son of John and 
Mary (liorden) Cooke, resided in Ports- 
mouth, where he died March 21, 1746. He 
was deputy in 1704 and 1707-08-09. He mar- 
ried, in Portsmouth, April 19, 1692. Sus- 
anna Briggs, of Tiverton, born about 1670. 
daughter of John and Hannah 1 Fisher) 



Briggs. Children : Deborah, born May 5, 
1692; John, February 27, 1694; Thomas, 
mentioned below; \\illiam. September 11, 
1701. 

{lY ) Thomas (2) Cooke, third son of Jo- 
seph and Susanna (Briggs) Cooke, was born 
March 31, 1697, in Portsmouth, where he 
resided. He married. May 30, 1722, Phila- 
delphia Cornell, daughter of George and De- 
liverance Cornell. 

(\') Thomas (3) Cooke, son of Thomas 
(2) and Philadelphia (Cornell) Cooke, was 
born about 1733-34. in Portsmouth. He 
married Ann Lechmere Gardiner. 

(VI) Silas Cooke, son of Thomas (3) and 
Ann Lechmere (Gardiner) Cooke, married 
Esther, daughter of James and Jane W'al- 
lace. 

(VII) Thomas (4) Cooke, son of Silas 
and Esther (Wallace) Cooke, born about 
1788. resided in Newport, Rhode Island, and 
was engaged in the coasting trade on a ship 
pl_\ing between that port and Beaufort. 
North Carolina. He was lost at sea while 
on a voyage, September 5. 1815. He mar- 
ried, April 8, 1810, Esther Wallace, of North 
Carolina. For a time they lived in Newport, 
but the climate did not agree with Mrs. 
Cooke, and they removed to Beaufort. She 
survived him little more than one year, 
dying October 14, 1816. in Beaufort. They 
had two children : James Wallace, mention- 
ed below, and Harriet, born .\ugust 26, 1814, 
married Israel Sheldon. 

(VIII) James Wallace Cooke, only son of 
Thomas (4) and Esther (\\'allace) Cooke, 
was born August 23, 181 2, and entered the 
LTnited States na\y. At the age of twenty- 
two years he was appointed. June 14, 1834, 
by President .\ndrew Jackson, as a midship- 
man in the navy, and rose through the vari- 
ous ranks until he was captain, when he re- 
signed, in 1861. to take charge of the con- 
struction of the Confederate gunboat "Albe- 
marle." which was sunk during the civil war. 
He was appointed captain of that vessel by 
Governor John Letcher, of \'irginia. May 
4. 1861. His commission signed by the gov- 
ernor and 1)y George Mumford, secretary 
of state, is preserved by his grandson, Dr. 
T. S. Cooke, of Portsmouth, Virginia, to- 
gether with the commission signed by Presi- 
dent Andrew Jackson. Under President An- 
drew Johnson, Captain Cooke was restored 
to United States citizenship, and took up his 
residence at Portsmouth. \'irginia. His 



I 

i 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



141 



membership was transferred from the Brick 
Church in Fairfax county to Trinity Church 
of Portsmouth. He was a member of the 
Masonic fraternity. He married Mary Eliz- 
abeth Anne Watts. He was buried in Cedar 
Grove Cemetery. 

(IX) Lechmere Rittenhouse Cooke, son 
of James Wallace and Mary E. A. (Watts) 
Cooke, was born 1853, in Portsmouth, and 
died 1882. He was educated in the public 
schools and the Virginia Military Institute, 
and after leaving school engaged in the 
transportation business, which continued to 
the time of his death. He was a member of 
Trinity Church of Portsmouth, and a stead- 
fast adherent of Democratic principles in 
matters of public policy. He married. Oc- 
tober 10, 1877, Laura Simpkins Spady, born 
September 19, 1852, and they were the par- 
ents of two children : James Wallace and 
Thomas Sanford. James Wallace, born 
April 9, 1879, married, April 8, 1912. Alice 
Oast, born December, 1883. 

(X) Dr. Thomas Sanford Cooke, second 
son of Lechmere Rittenhouse and Laura 
Simpkins (Spady) Cooke, was born Janu- 
ary 8, 1881, in Portsmouth. He was edu- 
cated in the noted private school of L. P. 
Slater, of that town, and Norfolk Academy. 
He graduated from the Medical Department 
of the University of Virginia at Charlottes- 
ville, Virginia, in 1904, and following this 
spent one and one-half years in the Nor- 
folk Protestant Hospital, and six months at 
St. Vincent's Hospital in New York. In 
1906 he engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession in Portsmouth, Virginia, where he 
has met with well-merited success. He is a 
member of the American Medical Associa- 
tion, the Norfolk & Portsmouth Medical 
Association, Benevolent and Protective Or- 
der of Elks, Fraternal Order of Eagles and 
the Royal Arcanum. He is also a communi- 
cant of Trinity Church, and adheres to the 
political principles of his forefathers. 

Caskie. John Caskie, the emigrant ances- 
tor of the line here under consideration, re- 
sided near Glasgow, Scotland, from whence 
he came to this country, settling in the State 
of Virginia, where he spent the remainder 
of his days, respected and honored. He 
married a Miss Kerr, also of Scotland, and 
among his children were : John, of whom 
further ; James, of whom further ; Elizabeth, 



married a Mr. Reeve; Euphemia, who died 
unmarried. 

(H) John (2) Caskie. son of John (i) 
Caskie, was a native of Scotland, was reared 
and educated in his native land, and about 
the year 1800 came to this country, settling 
in Lynchburg, Virginia, from whence he 
later removed to Richmond, same state, and 
was a man of influence in the communities 
wherein he resided. He married Martha 
Norvell, who bore him two children: i. 
James K., married (first) Miss Langhorne, 
no children ; married (second) a Miss 
Gwathney, and they were the parents of a 
daughter, Norvell, who married Seddon 
Jones, of Rapidan, \"irginia. 2. Robert A., 
organized and commanded during the civil 
war the Caskie Rangers, a troop of Guerillas 
that became nearly as famous as Colonel 
Mosby's celebrated cavalry ; after the war 
he removed to Kentucky and engaged there 
in the tobacco business ; he married Amanda 
Gregory; children: Amanda; Mattie, mar- 
ried a Mr. Plass. 3. John Norvell. 4. Lizzie, 
married a Mr. Bullock. 5. William A., mar- 
ried Mary Ambler. 

(II) James Caskie, son of John (i) Caskie, 
was also a native of Scotland, where he grew 
to manhood, receiving a practical education. 
He accompanied his brother, John Caskie, 
to this country, settling first in Manchester, 
Virginia, removing from there to Richmond, 
same state. For a number of years he en- 
gaged in the tobacco business, in which he 
was highly successful, and later was ap- 
pointed president of the State Bank of Vir- 
ginia, in which capacity he served until the 
close of the civil war, when he retired from 
active pursuits, spending his remaining days 
in the enjoyment of the fruits of his years 
of labor. He was a member of the Presby- 
terian church, in which he served as elder 
for many years. He married Elizabeth Ken- 
non Pynchum, daughter of Samuel and 

(Randolph) Pynchum. Children: I. 

John S., of whom further. 2. James A., mar- 
ried (first) Alice Dimock, of Richmond, who 
bore him six children: James M., a physi-, 
cian at Remington, Virginia, married a Miss 
Rixey ; Alice, unmarried, resides in Balti- 
more ; Nannie N.. unmarried ; Norma, mar- 
ried Aylett B. Coleman, of Roanoke, Vir- 
ginia, now deceased ; Clarence, married and 
resides in Remington ; Kennon, unmarried, 
resides in Roanoke, Virginia ; James A. mar- 



142 



\IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



ried (secondj JJetty Foster, of Richmond, 
Virginia, now deceased ; no children. 3. 
Margaret, married Robert G. Cabell, of 
Richmond, Virginia; children: J. Caskie, 
married Nannie Enders, of Richmond ; Rob- 
ert G., married Annie Branch and had James 
Branch Cabell, the author, and Robert G. 
Cabell ; Dr. Arthur, deceased, served in the 
United States navy, unmarried; H. Landon, 
a broker in Richmond; E. Carrington, mar- 
ried Isa Carrington ; Lizzie, married a Mr. 
Richie, of Baltimore ; Belle, married John 
Lotier, of Richmond ; Rose Constance, mar- 
ried a Mr. Wright, of Augusta, Georgia. 4. 
Mary Eliza, married Daniel London ; chil- 
dren : Ellen, wife of a Mr. Ficklin, of Fred- 
ericksburg, Virginia; Reeve, deceased. 5. 
Augusta, married John Scott, of Fauquier 
county, Virginia; children: James; Frank; 
John ; Lizzie, married Richard Scott, of 
Petersburg, Virginia ; Mary, married John 
B. ]\Iinor, of Richmond. 6. Ellen, deceased; 
married a Mr. Hutchinson; one daughter, 
Nannie. 7. Lizzie, married her brother-in- 
law, Mr. Hutchinson, and both were lost at 
sea; one daughter, Ellen, married Perpedo 
Centaro, and resides in Florence, Italy. 8. 
Nannie, died unmarried. 

(Ill) John S. Caskie, son of James Caskie, 
was born in Richmond, Virginia, 1822, died 
1871. He was reared in his native city, 
attended the schools in the vicinity of his 
home and completed his studies at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, graduating from the law 
school of that institution at the age of nine- 
teen years. He was admitted to the bar and 
began practice in the city of Richmond at 
the age of twenty-one, achieving success in 
his chosen calling. A few years later he 
was elected commonwealth attorney of Rich- 
mond, in which capacity he served until 
elected judge of the circuit court of Rich- 
mond. In 1857-58 he was elected to Con- 
gress, and was reelected for a second term. 
During the civil war he enlisted in the Con- 
federate army, serving until 1864, when his 
health gave way and he was obliged to quit 
^he service and return home, where he re- 
mained, an invalid, until his death. He was 
a man of exceptional mentality, a fine scholar 
and well informed on most subjects. His 
later years were spent in extensive reading 
and considerable literary work, and until 
the close of his life he enjoyed working out 
problems in engineering, in which science 
he took great interest. 



Mr. Caskie married Fannie Johnson, 
daughter of William R. and Mary (Evans) 
Johnson, and granddaughter of George 
Evans, a surgeon in the revolutionary war, 
who came to this country some time prior 
to the revolution with his father, George 
Evans, who attained the rank of general in 
the war for independence. William and 
Mary Johnson were the parents of a number 
of children, the greater number of whom 
died in infancy, those who survived being as 
follows: T. W'illiam R., married Addie 
Branch and had Virginius, Mary, Waverley. 
2. George, married a Miss Eggleston and 
had Puss, ^lary, William R.. Jennie. 3. 
John. 4. Mary, married a Mr. Dunn. 5. 
Marmaduke. married Mary Paul, was a 
prominent attorney, and during the civil 
war was a member of the Confederate Con- 
gress. 6. Jennie, married John Pegram. 7. 
Fannie, aforementioned as the wife of Mr. 
Caskie. Children of John S. and Fannie 
Caskie: i. John S. Jr., killed in civil war. 2. 
James, married Emma Palmer. 3. William 
R. ].. died in 1877, unmarried. 4. Eliza R. 
P., married (first) Dr. Walter D. Burfoot, 
(second) Dabney C. Jackson, of Lynchburg. 
5. George E., of whom further. 

(IV) George E. Caskie, son of John S. 
Caskie. was born in Richmond, Virginia. 
March 20. 1858. He received a practical 
education by attendance at Hampton Sid- 
ney College. After serving five years as 
deputy clerk at the Nelson courts, Virginia, 
he was admitted to the bar in 1881. He then 
formed a partnership with J. T. Coleman 
and immediately entered upon the practice 
of law in Nelson county, and there con- 
ducted a successful law business for fifteen 
years, at the expiration of which time they 
removed their office to Lynchburg, \'irginia. 
where they continued in partnership until 
1906, in which year the connection was dis- 
solved and Mr. Ca.skie admitted his son. 
James R., as partner, under the firm name 
of Caskie & Caskie, under which title the 
business is now conducted, with offices in 
the People's Bank building, the finest busi- 
ness structure in the city of Lynchburg. 
During his residence in Nelson county, Mr. 
Caskie served as superintendent of public 
instruction for a period of ten years, and 
after his removal to Lynchburg served for 
twelve years on the Lynchburg school board, 
during a portion of which time he served 
as chairman of the board. This office he 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



143 



resigned in order to accept a position on 
the board of aldermen, in which capacity he 
is serving at the present time (1914). He is 
vice-president of the Citizens' Savings & 
Loan Corporation, manager of the Rich- 
mond Soapstone Company in Nelson county, 
and interested in a number of other business 
and financial enterprises. He has been an 
elder of the Presbyterian church and super- 
intendent in the Sunday school for fourteen 
years ; he has always taken an active part in 
church work, and when the Presbyterian 
Synod planned to erect an orphan asylum, 
he was instrumental in having it located in 
Lynchburg, and in 1907 was made president 
of the institution. For twelve years he 
served as director in the Lynchburg Young 
Men's Christian Association. He has always 
taken a keen interest in the temperance 
question, and for many years has intelli- 
gently and consistently fought the sale of 
intoxicating liquors in the state of Virginia. 

Mr. Caskie married Kimbrough Ligon, of 
Nelson county, Virginia, daughter of Joseph 
and Martha V'. ('Massiel Ligon. Children: 
I. John, married Nannie Nicholas, of Lynch- 
burg, Virginia ; son, John S. 2. Martha Vir- 
ginia, married Clinton De Witt Jr., of 
Lynchburg. 3. George E., Jr., married 
Grace Jackson, of Lynchburg ; daughter, 
Grace. 4. Fannie J., married Donald G. 
Moore, of Lynchburg. 5. James R., unmar- 
ried ; a partner of his father in the law firm 
of Caskie & Caskie. 6. William S., unmar- 
ried. 7. Maude, married Jartjes Owen Watts, 
of Lynchburg. 

Major Thomas Massie, great-grandfather 
of Kimbrough (Ligon) Caskie, settled in 
Clark cotmty, Virginia, and later removed 
to Nelson county, where he owned a large 
estate called "Level Green ;" he was a major 
in the Continental army, serving on Gen- 
eral Washington's staff. He married a Miss 
Cocke, who bore him three children: i. Dr. 
Thomas, of whom further. 2. Henry. 3. 
William, married (first) Sallie Stephens, by 
vyhom he had one child. Colonel Thomas 
Massie, who married a Miss Effinger, and 
died some years ago, without children : mar- 
ried (second) a Miss Clark, no children: 
married (third) a Miss Wyatt, by whom he 
had one daughter. Ellen, married Jacob 
Warwick, and died several years ago, near 
Staunton, leaving children : i. Lalla R. Boyd, 
who resides at Scottsville, Virginia, ii. Wil- 
liam Massie Warwick, married a Miss 



Caperton, and resides in West \'irginia. iii. 
W'oods \\'arwick, resides in West Virginia. 
iv. Andrew Warwick, v. Mattie Warwick, 
died unmarried. Married (fourth) Maria 
Effinger, by whom he had four children : i. 
Martha Y., married Joseph Ligon, and died 
leaving four children : a. Maude, married 
T. C. Peak, resides in St. Louis, Missouri; 

b. W'. ]\Iassie, married Nellie Noell, resides 
in Lynchburg; c. Kimbrough, married 
George E. Caskie, resides in Lynchburg ; d. 
L. Cobbs, deceased, unmarried, ii. Hope 
\\'., married Laura Efifinger, who died leav- 
ing the following children : a. Kate, married 
A. C. Yuille, of Lynchburg, and died leaving 
one child. Alassie, who resides in Tyro, Vir- 
ginia: b. Lucy, unmarried, resides in Balti- 
more : c. Gertrude, died unmarried ; d. 

Laura, married McComb, resides in 

Augusta county, Virginia ; e. Sue, married 
.S. B. Whitehead, resides in Lovingston ; f. 

Irene, married Smoot, resides in 

Staunton ; g. M. E., married Cammie Ford, 
resides at Tyro, Virginia, iii. Florence, mar- 
ried (first) John L. Tunstall, by whom she 
had two children : a. W. Massie, resides at 
Lovingston ; b. Corinne Waring, resides in 
Washington. D. C. : married (second) Judge 
J. D. Horsley, by whom she had four chil- 
dren : Bland. Thomas S. M., Catherine D.. 
Eliza Perkins, all now living, iv. Bland, 
married Eliza Snead, resides at Tyro. \'ir- 
ginia: children: a. Josephine, married a I^r. 
Dunlap, resides in West Virginia ; b. Maria, 
married Gardner, resides in Norfolk; 

c. Florence, married John Morton, resides in 
Lynchburg: d. Margaret, married Adrian 
Nalle, resides at Culpeper; e. Nettie, unmar- 
ried: f. Mary, unmarried: g. William, died 
unmarried : h. John, died unmarried : i. Rob- 
ert, married Alice Jackson, or Lynchburg, 
resides at Tyro; j. Harry, married a Miss 
Redd, resides in Nelson county, Virginia : 
k. Withers, unmarried ; 1. Barksdale, unmar- 
ried : m. Tom., unmarried ; n. Charles, un- 
married ; o. Frank, unmarried. 

Dr. Thomas (2) Massie, son of Major 
Thomas (i) Massie, married (first) a Miss 
\\'aller, of Amherst county, Virginia, by 
whom he had five children that attained ma- 
turity, namely: i. William H., died unmar- 
ried. 2. Sarah, married \\'illiam O. Goode, 
of Mecklenburg county, \'irginia, who left 
a number of children. 3. Elizabeth, died un- 
married. 4. Waller, married and was 

the father of three children : i. Thomas, died 



144 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



without children, ii. William, unmarried. 
iii. Gertrude, married Fullerton ; liv- 
ing at the present time (1914) ; no children, 
iv. Juliet A., married H. C. Boyd, of Nelson 
county, Virginia : children : a. Alice Boyd, 
married Stuart Cabell, who died without 
children ; b. Rev. Thomas N. Boyd, died in 
Arkansas, leaving two children ; c. Conrad 
D. Boyd, whose widow resides in Scotts- 
ville ; d. Waller M. Boyd, resides at Rose- 
land, Virginia ; e. H. C. Boyd Jr., died un- 
married ; f. N. L. Boyd, died at Roseland ; 
g. William H. Boyd, died in Texas ; h. Lucy 
Boyd, married George I. Hundley, resides 
in Farmville; i. Juliet P^oyd, married R. P. 
Andrews, who died, leaving two sons: j. 
Lila Boyd, married P. P. Gant. resides at 
Roseland; k. Jennie Boyd, died unmarried. 
Dr. Thomas Alassie married (second) a Miss 
Cabell, of Nelson county, Virginia, by whom 
he had three children : 5. Paul, died unmar- 
ried. 6, Anne, died unmarried. 7. Patrick 
C., married Susan Withers, of Campbell 
county, Virginia: children: i. Robert W., 
married Mattie JManson. ii. Patrick C. Jr. 
iii. Thomas, deceased, iv. Thornton L., a 
judge. V. Douglas, vi. Withers, vii. Susan, 
who married Brown, of Kentucky. 

Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart. 

Stuart, Stewart or Stcuart is the surnome 
of a family who became heirs to the Scot- 
tish and ultimately to the English crown. 
Their descent is traced to a Norman baron, 
Alan, whose eldest son, William, became 
progenitor of the Earls of Arundel, and 
whose two younger sons, Waller and Simon, 
came to Scotland, Waller being appointed 
high steward of David I., who conferred on 
him various lands, including Paisley, where 
he founded the Abbey in 1160. In America 
the name is a noted one, borne by merchant 
princes, poets, writers, judges, and by that 
prince of soldiers. General James Ewell 
Brown Stuart. 

The American ancestor, Archibald Stuart, 
a descendant of the Scottish Stuarts, came 
from Londonderry, Ireland, in 1733, and 
settled in that part of Virginia that later 
was awarded to the state, of Pennsylvania. 
On account of religious differences he 
moved to the western part of the province, 
lived there several years, and then came to 
Virginia, locating in Augusta. 

Alexander Stuart, second son of Archi- 
bald Stuart, the emigrant, was born during 



the residence in Western Pennsylvania, 
came with his parents to Virginia, and was 
an officer of the revolution. At the battle of 
Guilford Court House Square he had two 
horses shot from under him, and was him- 
self wotmded and left for dead on the field 
of battle. He was held a prisoner by the 
British and endured all the hardships of 
war, serving until peace was declared. 

Judge Archibald (2) Stuart, son of .Alex- 
ander Stuart, was of Staunton, Virginia, 
born in 1757. He was a member of the Vir- 
ginia house of delegates that ratified the 
Constitution of the United States, having 
previously served in the revolutionary army 
at Yorktown. He was a graduate of Wil- 
liam and Mary College, a learned lawyer 
and eminent jurist. His wife was Eleanor, 
daughter of Colonel Girard Brescoe. 

Judge .'Mexander (2) Stuart, an eminent 
lawyer and jurist of Patrick county, Vir- 
ginia, died in 1855. He married Anne Dab- 
ney. 

lion. .Archibald (3) Stuart, son of Judge 
Alexander (2) Stuart, was a prominent 
member of the Virginia Legislature from 
Patrick county, a lawyer of high repute, 
and one of the most prominent men of his 
county. He married Elizabeth Letcher 
Pannill, a cousin of Governor Letcher, of 
\'irginia, a descendant of Giles Letcher, 
born in Ireland, of Welsh parentage. Giles 
Letcher came to Virginia, and in Richmond 
married Hannah Hughes, also of Welsh 
forbears. From the marriage of Hon. Archi- 
bald Stuart and Elizabeth Letcher Pannill 
sprang General James Ewell Brown Stuart, 
one of the great generals of the Confederacy, 
and one of the greatest cavalry commanders. 

General James Ewell Brown Stuart, 
youngest son of Hon, Archibald (3) and 
Elizabeth Letcher (Pannill) Stuart, was 
born in Patrick county, Virginia, February 
6. 1833, died in Richmond, Virginia, June 
12, 1864. He prepared for college at 
AN'ytheville, Pennsylvania, and in 1848 en- 
tered Emory and Henry College. While a 
student he was converted and became a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
later in life joining the Protestant Episcopal 
church, and ever living a consistent Chris- 
tian life. In 1850 he obtained an appoint- 
ment to the LTnited States Military Acad- 
emy at W'est Point, whence he was gradu- 
ated in 1854. thirteenth in a class of forty- 
six members. General Fitzhugh Lee thus de- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



'45 



scribes him at XN'est Point: "I recall his dis- 
tinguishing characteristics which were a 
strict attention to military duties, an erect 
soldierly bearing, an immediate and almost 
thankful acceptance of a challenge to fight, 
from any cadet who might in any way feel 
himself aggrieved, and a clear, metallic, 
ringing voice."' At graduation he was com- 
missioned brevet second lieutenant in the 
regiment of mounted riflemen serving at 
that tin»e in Texas, and on October 31 of 
the same year was made second lieutenant. 
In 1855 Lieutenant Stuart was transferred 
to the First Regiment, United States Cav- 
alry, and in August of the same year the 
regiment was ordered to Fort Leavenworth, 
Kansas. There Lieutenant Stuart was ap- 
pointed regimental quartermaster and com- 
missary. In September, 1855, the regiment 
was ordered out to subdue hostile Indians, 
and although so engaged until November 4, 
no actual battle was fought. On December 
20. 1855. he was brevetted first lieutenant of 
his regiment, and in the following year was 
engaged with it in suppressing hostilities in 
Kansas between the new settlers, the ques- 
tion of whether Kansas was "slave"' or 
■free" territory not having been settled. It 
was during this period that Lieutenant 
Stuart became acquainted with Ossawa- 
tomie Brown, whom he subsequently iden- 
tified at Harper's Ferry. On November 
14, 1855, he married Flora, daughter of 
Colonel Philip St. George Cooke, of the 
Second Dragoons, Colonel Cooke then com- 
manding the post at Fort Riley, where the 
ceremony was performed. In 1857 the First 
Cavalry was engaged in Indian warfare, 
having many fights with the hostiles, the 
most important being a battle with the 
Cheyennes at Solomon's River, where Lieu- 
tenant Stuart was wounded. From 1857 to 
i860 he was stationed at Fort Riley with 
six companies of the First Cavalry. In 1859 
he invented a sabre attachinent for which he 
secured a patent, and obtaining a six months 
leave of absence he went to Washington to 
negotiate with the war department for the 
purchase of his invention. In the summer 
of i860 the First Cavalry was sent against 
the Comanche and other hostile Indian 
tribes and while at the headwaters of the 
Arkansas river was ordered to select a site 
for the later Fort Wise. Fie was aide to Col- 
onel Robert E. Lee in the attack upon John 
Brown and his raiders of Harper's Ferry. 

VIR_10 



where he read to Brown the summons to 
surrender. 

Lieutenant Stuart decided when the situ- 
ation became acute between the states that 
his course would be that taken by his state. 
X'irginia, and in ^larch, 1861, he applied for 
a two months leave of absence, and then 
repaired to St. Louis to await developments. 
.\s soon as X'irginia withdrew from the 
Union he sent in his resignation as an officer 
of the United States army, and before hear- 
ing of its acceptance he received notice of 
his promotion to captain. His resignation 
was accepted May 7, 1861, and he at once 
enlisted in the Confederate army, received a 
commission as lieutenant-colonel of infan- 
try, May ID, following, and was ordered to 
report to Colonel Thomas J. Jackson at 
Harper's Ferry. On July 16, of the same 
year he was brevetted a colonel of cavalry, 
and on September 24 a brigadier-general by 
the Confederate States government, and on 
July 22, 1862, commissioned a major-general, 
following his daring raid around the army 
of the Potomac just before the Seven Days 
Battle, a movement that won the applause 
and hearty admiration of both friend and 
foe. 

General Stuart's cavalry division con- 
tained in June, 1861, but twenty-one officers 
and three hundred and thirteen men, yet 
such was his activity and efficiency that 
v/ith this small force a front of fifty miles 
was closely guarded and every important 
movement reported. In referring to this 
service General Joseph E. Johnston wrote 
him from the west : "How can I eat, sleep 
or rest in peace without you upon this out- 
post?" He bore an important part in sav- 
ing the day at Bull Run, but on December 
20, 1861, in command of four regiments of 
infantry, met his first reverse, at the battle 
of Drainsville. At Seven Pines General 
Longstreet said in his report, "Brigadier- 
General J. E. B. Stuart in the absence of any 
opportunity to use his cavalry was of mater- 
ial assistance to me on the field." In June, 
1862, he led the movement to the rear of 
McClellan's army, known as the "Chicka- 
hominy Raid." He was actively engaged in 
the "Seven Days" fighting around Rich- 
mond, and on August 20, 1862, made a dar- 
ing expedition, crossing the Rappahaimock 
at Waterloo Bridge, Harts Ford. With 
most of his command he raided General 
Pope's camp at Catlett's Station, capturing 



1.46 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



a number of officers belonging to his staff, 
the general's personal baggage, despatch 
book and other valuable papers, and a large 
sum of money, horses and other property. 
The principal depot of the Federal army was 
at IVIanassas Junction, and Stuart lost no 
time in attacking and successfully carrying 
off a large amount of booty. At Second 
Bull Run Stuart's cavalry was conspicuous, 
and in the Maryland raid which followed, 
led in advance of "Stonewall" Jackson's 
corps. At Sharpsburg he rendered valuable 
service, guarding with his artillery an im- 
portant eminence on Jackson's left, upon 
which depended the security of the Con- 
federate forces, and also led the movement 
by which tieneral Sumner and his troops 
were repulsed. On October 9, after a brief 
rest, General Stuart led the celebrated raid 
on Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, at the head 
of eighteen hundred picked cavalry. When 
this force was assembled to start. General 
Stuart thus addressed them, "Soldiers, you 
are about to engage in an enterprise which 
to insure success, imperatively demands at 
your hands, coolness, decision and bravery, 
implicit obedience to orders without ques- 
tion or cavil, and the strictest order and so- 
briety on the march and in bivouac. The 
destination and extent of this expectation 
had better lie kept to myself than known to 
you. .Suffice it to say, that with the hearty 
cooperation of officers and men, 1 have no 
doubt of its success — a success that will re- 
flect credit in the highest degree ujion yiiur 
arms. " The men responded enthusiastically 
to his address and all through the march the 
orders of their general were strictly obeyed. 
Nothing was disturbed in the state of Mary- 
land, but once they entered Pennsylvania 
the capture of horses was systematically and 
diligently pushed. The entire raid was a 
wonderful instance of the control he had 
over his men. Colonel Alexander K. Mc- 
Clure, who was one of the committee of 
three citizens who surrendered the town of 
Chambersburg, thus wrote, "General Stuart 
sat on his horse in the centre of the town, 
surrounded by his staff", and his command 
was coming in from the country in large 
squads, leading their old horses and riding 
the new ones they had found in the stables 
thereabouts. General Stuart is of medium 
size, has a keen eye and wears an immense 
sandy whiskers and moustache. His de- 
meanor to our people was that of a humane 



soldier. In several instances his men com- 
menced to take private property from stores, 
but they were arrested by General Stuart's 
provost guard." General Stuart was over- 
joyed by the complete success of his raid, 
and his return march from Chambersburg 
was one of the most remarkable on record. 
Within twenty-seven hours he had covered 
eighty miles, notwithstanding the fact that 
he was encumbered with his artillery and 
the horses that had been captured, and had 
forced a passage of the Potomac in the face 
ot the enemy. During the entire march the 
only casualties met with were the wounding 
of one soldier, and the capture by the enemy 
of two more who had dropped out of 
line. Railroad and public ])roperty had been 
destroyed in Chambersburg. valued at $251,- 
000 ; thirty United States government offi- 
cials and ]3rominent citizens were captured 
and forwarded to Richmond to be held for 
the exchange of imprisoned Confederate 
citizens : twii hundred and eighty-six 
wounded prisoners were paroled and about 
twelve hundred horses captured. A still 
more important result of the raid was the 
demoralizing effect it had on the Federal 
cavalry. This was succinctly described by 
General McClellan in his report: "It was 
necessary to use all my cavalry against 
Stuart, and this exhausting service com- 
pletely broke down our horses, rendering 
a remount necessary before we could ad- 
vance on the enem\-." At Fredericksburg 
Stuart guarded the extreme Confederate 
right. He was with "Stonewall" Jackson 
at Chancellorsville, and on the nights of the 
second and third of May the command of 
tlie corps devolved upon General Stuart, as 
General A. P. Hill, the senior in rank, had 
been disabled shortly after Jackson was 
mortally wounded. There he displayed 
characteristic valor, and personally led the 
charges that resulted in carrying Hazel 
Green Ridge, the strategic point that com- 
manded the situation. Flis battle crj", 
"Charge and remember Jackson," roused his 
men to their greatest efforts, and after re- 
])eated charges followed by repeated re- 
pulses, the Confederates finally forced back 
the I'^ederal centre and turned their own 
guns on them as they retreated. 

General Stuart bore an important part in 
Lee's advance into Pennsylvania, crossing 
the Potomac and guarding the flanks of the 
achance columns. He met and re]iulsed 



^■IRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



147 



Kilpatrick at Aldie, but was in turn repulsed 
the next day at Upperville and driven back 
to Ashby Junction. Two days later at Mid- 
dleburg. after a running fight of eight miles, 
he was again defeated. General Stuart has 
been criticised for disregarding an order to 
cross the Potomac as advance guard to the 
infantry, and holding instead the gap in the 
mountains through which he made a raid in 
the rear of the Federal army, until the close 
of the three days fighting at Gettysburg. 
\\'hatever justice there may be in such criti- 
cism, the fact must not be lost sight of that 
<^eneral Stuart had problems of his own to 
face, unknown to General Lee ; that for eight 
days he was without rest, fighting con- 
stantly three days, and that he formed an 
effective guard to the retreating army, and 
by guarding the mountain passes he secured 
a safe route, repulsing the Federal attacks, 
and saving for the Confederates their wagon 
trains and artillery. On this duty he fought 
Kilpatrick and Buford, and several times 
engaged hand to hand with the Federals 
checking their pursuit. Afterward Stuart 
met Kilpatrick and Buford on the Rappa- 
hannock at Culpeper and Jack's Shop, but 
retired in each instance. At Brandy Station 
he forced back Pleasanton and routed Davis 
at liuckland. He led Hill's corps agamst 
Grant at the passage of the Rapidan, and by 
a detour interposed Sheridan on his Rich- 
mond raid, and at Yellow Tavern had an 
obstinate fight with that cavalrj- leader, 
saving the Confederate capital. The fortunes 
of war turned against his forces only after 
tlieir gallant leader had received his mortal 
wound, a shot from a fleeing Federal trooper, 
who had been dismounted in the charge. 
Noting as he was being carried from the 
field that his men were retreating in dis- 
order, he cried to them: "Go back; go back; 
and do your duty, as I have done mine, and 
our country will be safe. Go back ; go back ; 
I had rather die than be whipped." These 
words of entreaty and command were the 
last he ever uttered on the battlefield. He 
died in Richmond, A'irginia, the next day, 
June 12, 1864. 

John Esten Cooke has written thus of his 
last moments : "As his life had been one of 
earnest devotion to the cause in which he 
believed, so his last hours were tranquil, his 
confidence in the mercy of Heaven unfailing. 
When he was' asked how he felt, he said, 
'Easy, but willing to die if God and my coun- 



try think I have done my duty.' His last 
words were: 'I am going fast now; I am 
resigned. God's will be done.' As he uttered 
these words he expired." 

\\'rites another, Joseph T. Derry : "In 
e\er\- battle Stuart's black plume had waved 
in the advance. In every arm of the service 
he had won the highest honors. Gay and 
rollicking in camp, merry on the march, 
often calling Sweeney to ride by his side 
and thrum upon the banjo an accompani- 
ment to his merry songs, he was always 
fully awake to the demands of duty and 
equal to any emergency. With all his gai- 
ety he was never profane, would not play 
cards, was one of the purest of men, a de- 
voted husband and father, and a devout 
Christian." 

History records his daring deeds and 
awards him a place with Lee and Jackson, 
as one of the greatest military generals of 
the Confederacy. The secret of his great- 
ness in war was not alone his personal 
bravery nor his military genius, but may 
be found in his own devotion to the cause 
he championed, and to the faculty he pos- 
sessed of inspiring his men with his own 
high spirited devotion, so that where he 
led all followed, thus making a Stuart of 
every man in his command. This with his 
daring and fearlessness rendered him in- 
vincible. 

General Stuart married at Fort Riley, 
Kansas, November 14. 1855, Flora, daugh- 
ter of Colonel Philip St. George Cooke, of 
the United States army, a graduate of West 
Point, son of Dr. Stephen and Catherine 
(Esten) Cooke, the latter a daughter of the 
governor-general of Bermuda. West Indies, 
during the revolution. Children: i. Flora, 
born in 1857, died in 1862. 2. James Ewell 
Brown (2), born in i860; now with the 
Texas Oil Company in New York City ; 
married Josephine Phillips, of Hampton, 
\'irginia: children: Alary. Flora, Josephine, 
James E. B. (3) and Elizabeth Letcher. 3. 
X'irginia Pelham. born in 1863, died in 1898; 
she married Robert Page Waller, of Nor- 
folk ; children : Flora Stuart, Matthew Page 
and \'irginia Stuart. 

Mrs. Flora (Cooke) Stuart, now aged 
seventy-eight, is in good health, and at the 
inauguration of Governor Stuart of Vir- 
ginia in February, 1914, was the guest of 
honor of Governor Stuart, the eldest of the 
nephews of General Stuart. Her home in 



148 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Norfolk contains many reminders of her 
honored husband, among them a flag, care- 
fully framed, made by her own hands and 
carried at the head of his troops. This was 
partially destroyed by fire ; the bullet holes 
proclaim the important part it bore in many 
battles. There are many pictures and 
statues of General Stuart, and Monument 
avenue, Richmond, is graced with an ex- 
ceedingly fine equestrian figure, erected by 
the city and his many friends. 

John Herbert Claiborne, physician and 
surgeon, was born at Louisburg, North 
Carolina, June 29, 1861. He belongs to the 
Claibornes of Virginia, one of the best 
known families of the south, founded by 
William Claiborne, who played a prominent 
part in the early afl:'airs of Virginia. The 
family from which he derived his name was 
seated in the manor of Cleburne or Cliborne 
in Westmoreland, England. The manor is 
named in the Doomsday Book (A. D. 1086), 
and the family for many generations pos- 
sessed this as well as tSampton, Cundale, 
Kyse, Bampton Patric and Knyfe Patric. 

Cleburne Hall, Westmoreland, which still 
remains, somewhat altered and modernized, 
was built by Richard Cleburne in 1567 on 
the site of the old castle, or "pele" of Cle- 
burne. An inscription over the entrance 
still gives the name of the builder and the 
date. Views of part of the house still 
standing and of Cleborne Church are given 
in the "Magazine of American History." 
In the church are now memorial tablets to 
William Claiborne, the emigrant to Vir- 
ginia, and of General Patrick R. Claiborne, 
Confederate States of America, who was of 
the Irish branch. 

(I) William Claiborne, immigrant ances- 
tor of the Claiborne family, was born about 
1587, and is first noticed in June, 1 621, when 
the Virginia Company engaged him to go to 
Virginia as surveyor with a salary of thirty 
pounds sterling a year and a house. He 
came to Virginia with Governor Wyatt in 
the same year, 1621. In 1625 Governor 
Yeardley appointed him secretary of state 
for the colony and member of the council, 
and he held the latter place in 1627-29-31- 
32, and so on until 1660. Richard Kemp 
was appointed secretary in 1637, and after 
him Richard Lee ; but in April, 1652, the 
house of burgesses restored Claiborne to the 
place which he held until the Restoration. 



On April 6. 1642, he was made treasurer of 
Virginia for life. How long he held this 
ofiice does not appear. In 1629 he com- 
manded an expedition against the Indians, 
and defeated them under their king, Can- 
diack, near the present W'est Point, and he 
led another force against them in 1644, as in 
a grant to him of 5,000 acres on the north 
side of Pamunkey river, the land is de- 
scribed as "running westerly to a point of 
land where the said Coll. Clayborne landed 
with an army under his command, anna 
1644." There is also a grant to Richard 
Lee in 1648 in which the land "about six or 
seven miles up the narrows of the Chicka- 
hominy River adj. York or Pamunkey" is 
stated to be a neck "where the foot com- 
pany met with the boats when they went 
Pamunkey march under ye command of 
Captain William Claybourne." He was ap- 
pointed a justice and of the quorum of Ac- 
comac county, February, 1631-32, was a 
justice of York, 1633, and of Northumber- 
land in 1653. He probably lived much in 
the latter county during his contest with the 
Indians. In 1631 Claiborne made a trading 
settlement on Kent Island in the Chesa- 
peake, and was associated in business with 
various persons in London. Kent Island 
he named after the river Kent, which flows 
through Levins Castle, the seat of the Bell- 
inghams in W'estmoreland. The proprie- 
tors of Maryland claimed that the island 
was included in their grant ; a long struggle 
followed in which force was used on both 
sides. Several of Claiborne's men were killed 
and captured, two of his vessels were taken, 
and he was expelled from the island in- 
curring a heavy loss. But on September 
26, 165 1, he was appointed one of the par- 
liamentary commissioners to subdue Vir- 
ginia and Maryland, and in the next year 
expelled Lord Baltimore's governor, and 
obtained control after a dispute of twenty 
years. In 1654 the Claiborne party totally 
defeated the Baltimore party, led by Gov- 
ernor Stone, who had again returned, and 
remained in undisputed control until Balti- 
more had made his peace with the parlia- 
mentary party in 1658, when Claiborne dis- 
appears from active participation in Mary- 
land affairs. In the Northampton records 
(April, 1653) is an order referring to the 
"Worshipfull Coll. William Claiborne, Esq., 
Deputy Governor" — an office which has not 
been elsewhere noticed, but must have been 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



149 



appointed in Bennett's administration. In 
the English State Paper office are many 
documents relating to the long controversy 
over Kent Island. Modern investigation 
show^s that the long and active career of 
Claiborne was worthy of admiration. 

He married Elizabeth Buller. Children: 
William, married Elizabeth W'ilks; Thomas, 
mentioned below ; Leonard ; Jane, married 
Colonel Thomas Brereton ; Mary, married 
(first) a man of the name of Rice, and (sec- 
ond) Robert Harris. 

(II) Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Clai- 
borne, son of \\'illiam and Elizabeth ( Bul- 
ler) Claiborne, was born August 17, 1647, 
died October 7, 1683. He was buried at 
Romancoke, King \\'illiam county, where 
his tomb remains bearing the arms : Ar. 
three chevrons interlaced in base sable, a 
chief of the last. In 1665 he received a 
grant of five hundred acres in New Kent 
county, and in 1677 one thousand five hun- 
dred acres on the "upper forks of York 
river." He also served against the Indians 
and was killed by an arrow in such service. 
He married a Miss Dandridge, and had one 
child, Thomas Jr. 

(III) Captain Thomas (2) Claiborne, son 

of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas (i) and 

(Dandridge) Claiborne, was born December 
16, 1680, died August 16, 1732. He is 
known as '"Thomas Claiborne of Sweet 
Hall," King William county. He married 
Anne, daughter of Henry Fox, of King ^\'il- 
liam county, and his wife Anne, daughter 
of Colonel John West (nephew of the third 
Lord Delaware). Children: Thomas, born 
January 9, 1704. died December i, 1735. 
clerk of Stafford ; W'illiam ; Leonard, sheriff 
of King William county, 1732, burgess, 1736, 
married Martha, daughter of Major Francis 
Burnell ; Nathaniel, died in his fortieth 
year ; Augustine, mentioned below ; Daniel : 
Burnell. 

(IV) Colonel Augustine Claiborne, son 
of Captain Thomas (2) and Anne (Fox) 
Claiborne, was born at "Sweet Hall" in 
1721, died May 3, 1787. He moved to Surry 
and was burgess from that county ; clerk of 
Sussex; state senator. He married Mary, 
daughter of Buller Herbert. Children : 
Mary, Herbert, Tom, Augustine, Anne, 
Susanna, William, Buller, Richard, Lucy, 
Herbert, Elizabeth, John Herbert, Sarah, 
Ferdinand, Bathurst. 

(V) John Herbert Claiborne, son of Colo- 



nel Augustine and Mary (Herbert) Clai- 
borne, was born May 30, 1763. He married 
Mary, daughter of Roger Gregory, of Ches- 
terfield. Children : John Gregory ; Maria, 
married John Wilkins ; Martha Ann, mar- 
ried Nicholas Lewis. 

(VI) Rev. John Gregory Claiborne, son 
of John Herbert and Mary (Gregory) Clai- 
borne, was born about 1786. He married 
Mary E. Weldon. Children : Mary Au- 
gusta, married John G. Thomas ; Anna 
Alaria, married A. C. Butts : John Herbert, 
mentioned below. 

(\"II) John Herbert (2) Claiborne, sou 
of the Rev. John Gregory and Mary E. 
(Weldon) Claiborne, was born in Bruns- 
wick county, Virginia, March 16, 1828, died 
in 1908. He was graduated at the Univer- 
sity of Virginia in 1849 ^"d at the Jefiferson 
Medical School in 1850. after which for a 
3ear he was connected with the hospitals of 
Philadelphia. In 1831 he settled in Peters- 
burg. \'irginia, and there practiced until 1861. 
In 1857 he was a member of the Virginia sen- 
ate. During the civil war he was a surgeon 
in the Confederate army, and in 1862 organ- 
ized the general hospital in Petersburg, of 
which he became chief executive officer. He 
served in the Twelfth Virginia Infantry 
Regiment ( Mahone's brigade. Confederate 
States of America), and was captured two 
days before the surrender of General Robert 
E. Lee to General LTlysses S. Grant at Ap- 
pomattox. As surgeon he ranked as cap- 
tain and major. He was a member of sev- 
eral medical societies and held the office of 
vice-president of the Virginia State Medical 
.Society and of the Confederate States Army 
and Navy Medical .\ssociation. After being 
paroled he returned to Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, where he began again to practice his 
profession in that neighborhood. He made 
a specialty of the diseases of women and 
children, and his published articles in the 
medical journals are mostly on this suD- 
ject. He published essays on "Diphtheria" 
and "Dysmenorrhea" and a volume of "Clin- 
ical Reports from Private Practice" in 1873. 
Dr. Claiborne married (first) Sarah Joseph, 
daughter of Joseph Alston, of Halifax 
county. North Carolina. He married (sec- 
ond) Annie Leslie Watson. Children, all 
by first marriage ; John Herbert, mentioned 
below ; Maria Louisa, married Herbert W. 
Page, of Pagebrook, Clark county, Virginia ; 
Anna Augusta, married Dr. P. H. Lightfoot : 



ISO 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Sarah Joseph Alston, married William U. 
Mclhvaine ; Elizabeth ^\'eldon, married 
Bernard Mann. 

(\'I1I) Dr. John Herbert (3) Claiborne, 
son of John Herbert (2) and Sarah Joseph 
(Alston) Claiborne, was educated at private 
schools and at the "University School" at 
Petersburg, Virginia, where he remained for 
six years. He entered the University of 
Virginia in 1879, and was graduated with 
the degree of M. D. in 1883. He took post- 
graduate courses in the New York Poly- 
clinic and Bellevue Medical College, when 
he returned to Petersburg, and practiced 
there for two years. After leaving the uni- 
versity he took up the practice of his pro- 
fession with his father, at the end of which 
time he removed to New York City. Dr. 
Claiborne took up the special study of the 
"eye and its diseases" in New York City, 
and then went abroad, attending the univer- 
sities of Halle, Saxony, and the University of 
Berlin, Germany, as well as the clinics at 
Paris and London. In 1886 Dr. Claiborne 
settled in New York City, where he has 
been in the practice of his specialty ever 
since. He has from time to time written 
and published various articles on his spe- 
cialty of "The Eye." He served for five 
years in Squadron A, New York National 
Guard as sergeant, and was honorably dis- 
charged in 1896. He volunteered in the 
Spanish-American war in the Twelfth Ne\! 
York Infantry Regiment of the line, as sec- 
ond lieutenant. He was mustered in the 
United States regular army, Alay 13, 1S98, 
as first lieutenant. Subsequently he became 
batallion adjutant, was promoted to regi- 
mental adjutant, and was finally made cap- 
tain of the line. He received an honorable 
discharge, October 15, 1898, when he re- 
turned to New York City to take up the 
practice of his profession, specialising as 
before in ailments of the eye. Dr. Clai- 
borne's publications include the "Theory 
and Practice of Ophthalmatology," "Func- 
tional Examining of the Eye," "Cataract Ex- 
traction," as well as another publication in 
the Naval Institute of Annapolis, Mary- 
land, on a system of ship lighting in substi- 
tution for the one now in use. He is a mem- 
ber of the Calumet Club, the New York 
Fencing Club, Rockaway Hunting Club, 
Virginia Society of the Cincinnati, Society 
Sons of the American Revolution, American 
Medical Association, New York County 



and State Medical Association, American 
Ophthalmalogical Society, American Acad- 
emy of Ophthalmology, \'irginia Aledical 
Society, Union Club of New York, Univer- 
sity Club, Society of Military Order of For- 
eign Wars (member and surgeon), and the 
Alilitary Order of the Spanish-American 
War. Dr. Claiborne is an expert horseman, 
fencer and swordsman. 

Dr. Claiborne married. June 16, 1901, 
Marie Louise Claiborne (a distant cousin), 
daughter of William C. C. Claiborne, of 
New Orleans, Louisiana, who is a grandson 
i)f William C. C. Claiborne, the first terri- 
torial as well as the first state governor of 
Louisiana. He was first appointed by Pres- 
ident Thomas Jefferson, and it was he who 
formerly received over to the United States 
the great northwest territory bought from 
Napoleon. There has been one child of the 
marriage, John Herbert Jr., born July i, 
1902, at New York City. 

Nathaniel Elliott Clement. This is one 
of the oldest family names in Virginia three 
centuries having about elapsed since Eliza- 
beth Clement, a widow, came from England 
in the ship "George" with her four children 
and servants. 

(I) A descendant, Benjamin Clement, 
married Sushannah Hill, and in 1740 sold 
his lands in Amelia county, Virginia, and 
located in the Staunton River Valley, erect- 
ing a house on a beautiful knoll and there 
residing until his death, having been one 
of the earliest settlers in that valley. 

(II) Captain Adam Clement, of Camp- 
bell county. \^irginia, son of Benjamin 
Clement, was a captain of Bedford county, 
Virginia, militia during the revolution, and 
one of the original trustees of the town of 
Lynchburg. 

(III) Dr. George W'ashington Clement, 
son of Captain Adam Clement, was born in 
1785 in Campbell county, Virginia. He ob- 
tained his degree of M. D. from Jefferson 
Medical College, Philadelphia, and became 
an eminent physician of Franklin and ad- 
joining counties. He married (first) Stella 
Smith, who bore him nine children. He 
married (second) Mrs. Sarah Turner Cook, 
by whom he had five children, two yet liv- 
ing. 

(IV) Henry Clay Clement, son of Dr. 
George Washington Clement, was born Jan- 
uary 22, 1840, in Franklin county, Virginia. 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



151 



He became a farmer, owning a plantation 
upon which he now resides. He served in 
the Confederate army during the war of 
i86i-i8r)5, a private of the Sixth Virginia 
Regiment of Cavalry under General J. E. 
I>. Stuart and in the battle at the Yellow 
Tavern, where his beloved commander re- 
ceived his death wound, Mr. Clement was 
taken prisoner. Durin'g the remainder of 
the war he was confined in a Federal prison 
at Kimira, New York. After the war he 
returned to his farm near Callands where 
he yet resides. He married, in t866, Har- 
riett Morrison, born in Henry county, Yir- 
ginia, died luly 29. 1885, daughter of Bush- 
rod Washington Morrison ; children, all 
living except Caroline, who died at age of 
sixteen years: Captain Henry C. command- 
ing a company of the Twenty-ninth Regi- 
ment of Infantry United States regular 
armv ; Mary Royall, residing with her 
brother, Nathaniel Elliott, in Chatham : 
Bushrod Morrison, of Florida : Nathaniel 
Elliott, of whom further ; James Turner, a 
lawyer and prominent Democrat, chairman 
of Pittsylvania county committee: Stephen 
Preston, associated with the British Ameri- 
can Tobacco Company with headquarters in 
Hankow. China ; Lieutenant Samuel A., of 
the United States navy. 

(V) Nathaniel Elliott Clement, son of 
Henry Clay and Harriet (Morrison) Clem- 
ent, was born in Pittsylvania county, Vir- 
ginia, near Callands, November 15. 1872. He 
obtained his preparatory education in the 
public schools, attended Roanoke College, 
one year, then began the study of law. and 
in June, 1896, after passing the required 
examination, was admitted to practice at 
the Virginia bar. He located at Chatham 
where for two years he practiced alone, then 
in 1898 formed a partnership with his 
brother, James Turner Clement, the two 
brothers comprising the well-known and 
highly regarded ' law firm of Clement & 
Clement. Nathaniel E. Clement is a mem- 
ber of the Protestant Episcopal church, su- 
perintendent of the Sunday school and a 
strong pillar of his church, president of the 
School Trustees Association of Virginia, 
and greatly interested in the cause of edu- 
cation ; he has devoted considerable time to 
the impro\ement of the public school svs- 
tem of Pittsylvania county, and is untiring 
in his efforts to advance their interests. He 
i< a Democrat in politics, and in all that per- 



tains to the ijublic good he may be counted 
upon for assistance. 

Mr. Clement married, June 24, 1902, at 
Chatham. Martha Maude Carter, born in 
Pittsyhania county, ^^irginia, April 12, 
1879, (laughter of James Carter, of the same 
county, born April 3. 1842. now living re- 
tired at Chatham. For twenty years he was 
postmaster, owning an extensive plantation 
before moving to Chatham. He joined the 
Confederate army at the age of nineteen 
years and served until the surrender, four 
years. He was wounded at Malvern Hill, 
and at Gettysburg, charging with Pickett's 
men at the latter battle, bearing his regi- 
mental colors until shot down, when they 
were seized by another and carried forward. 
He recovered from his wounds and again 
entered the service. He married Betty Pigg, 
of the same county, born May 29. 1854. now 
living in Chatham. Their four children are 
all living in Virginia. ]\Irs. Clement is a 
graduate of the Chatham Episcopal Institu- 
tion, class of 1898, and a member of the 
Protestant Episcopal church. Children of 
Mr. and Airs. Clement: Elizabeth Lanier. 
Ijorn May 19, 1904: Rutledge Carter, July 
29, iqofi: Henry Turner. January 29. 1910. 

Armistead Cochran Crump. Dr. Armi- 
stead Cochran Crump, a successful physi- 
cian of New York City, is descended from 
English ancestors who came from county- 
Kent, England, early in the history of Vir- 
ginia. ^^'illiam Crump was living in York 
county, A^irginia, in 1660. Six years pre- 
vious to that time New Kent county was 
created from part of the territory of York 
county, and the descendants of William 
Crump lived for many generations in New 
Kent county. L^nfortunately the records of 
this county were destroyed by fire about the 
close of the civil war, and about the same 
time the family homestead, with the family 
Bible and its records, were also burned. 
Robert. Anderson. Josiah and Richard 
Crump were residents of New Kent county 
in the latter part of the eighteenth century. 
The first of these was the father of Fielding 
Crump, who was a farmer there. Fielding 
Crump married Peachy Walker, and they 
had sons : Robert Hill, Thomas. Fieldmg, 
David and John, Robert Hill Crump, son 
of Fielding Crump, was born Tuly 21, 1821, 
in New Kent coimty. and died June 26, 
1904, nearly eighty-three years old. He 



152 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



served as a soldier in the Confederate army ; 
engaged in business as a contractor in Rich- 
mond. He was a Baptist in reHgion, and 
politically a Democrat. He married Sarah 
Elizabeth Dobson, born October 9. 1827. 
died January 14, 1909. daughter of Samuel 
Edwards and Mary J. Dobson. They had 
children : James Dobson, mentioned below : 
Ann Bigger, born October 19, 1849 ! Peachy 
Walker. November 30, 1850, died October 
3, 1853: Mary Samuella, August 25. 1852, 
died September 28. 1853; 'Slary \\'alker. 
September i. 1854; Julia Gavinzel. April 4. 
1856; Robert Shields. February 11. 1862. 

James Dobson Crump, eldest child of 
Robert Hill and Sarah E. (Dobson) Crump, 
was born August 23, 1848. in the city of 
Richmond, where his home has continued to 
the present time. He attended a school 
taught by Mr. Richard Frazin. in Appomat- 
tox county. Virginia, and one by Charles 
P. Bump, in Richmond. \\'hen the civil 
war broke out he was in his thirteenth year. 
and he left school to take a position in the 
quartermaster's department of the Confed- 
erate States of America, and continued in 
that position until the close of hostilities. 
Immediately after the war, he became a 
salesman in a retail clothing establishment, 
where he remained a year or two. and then 
accepted a position in a wholesale grocery 
house. Here he continued until 1870. when 
he formed a wholesale shoe firm, in con- 
nection with C. E. W'ingo and J. S. Ellett. 
under the firm name of Wingo. Ellett & 
Crump. In 1890 this establishment was in- 
corporated and Mr. Crump was elected sec- 
retary and treasurer. He resigned this 
position in 1902. to accept the presidency of 
the B. F. Johnson Publishing Company, of 
Richmond, which is now engaged in the 
production of school books. Mr. Crump has 
developed exceptional business qualifica- 
tions from a beginning very early in life, and 
has taken an active place in the conduct of 
various interests of his native city. He is a 
director of the National State & City Bank, 
the Richmond Trust & Savings Companj-. 
and the Atlantic Life Insurance Company. 
He has never desired nor accepted any poli- 
tical favors, but has consistently adhered to 
the Democratic party in political action. 
\\'ith his family, he is in communion with 
the Second Baptist Church of Richmond, 
and he is an active member of the Masonic 
fraternity, being a past master of Temple 



Lodge, No. 9. Ancient Free and Accepted 
Masons ; a member of St. Andrews Com- 
mandery. Knights Templar, and of Dalcho 
Consistory. Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite 
Masons of the thirty-second degree. He is 
affiliated with the principal clubs of Rich- 
mond, including the \\'estmoreland. Busi- 
ness Men's, and Country clubs. 

He married, November 4, 1875. in Rich- 
mond. Nannie Palmore Armistead. a native 
of Farmville. \'irginia. daughter of William 
Anderson Armistead. a wholesale grocer of 
Richmond. Mr. Armistead married Faimie 
Ann Flippen. and of their children. Mrs. 
Crump is the only survivor. Mr. and Mrs. 
Crump are the parents of Dr. Armistead C. 
Crump, mentioned below, and Lora Crump, 
born September 6, 1888, a graduate of Hol- 
lins College, of Hollins, Virginia. 

Dr. Armistead Cochran Crump was born 
July 29. 1876. in Richmond. He was edu- 
cated in private schools, the Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute, and the University of Vir- 
ginia, from which he graduated with the 
degree of M. D. in 1903. Coming to New 
York, he became an interne at the Presby^ 
terian Hospital, where he continued two 
years, and is now a stomach specialist con- 
nected with that institution. He has done 
considerable medical research work, and 
contributed articles from time to time to 
the current medical journals. He is a mem- 
ber of the American Medical Association, 
and the New York State Medical Society. 
While engrossed in the pursuit of science. 
Dr. Crump has little time for politics or any 
other outside interests, but is a Democrat 
of independent tendencies. He is not iden- 
tified with clubs or fraternal- organizations. 

Rt. Rev. Robert Atkinson Gibson. Son 
of an eminent divine of the Protestant Epis- 
copal church, and descendant from a long 
line of pious and noble ancestors. Bishop 
Gibson, by heredity, environment and dis- 
position, was destined for a brilliant minis- 
terial career. Nor must the influence of a 
sympathetic, godly mother be overlooked in 
determining what were- the contributing 
causes that led to his choice of a profession 
and to his rise to the Episcopacy. 

Robert .Atkinson Gibson, now and since 
1897 Bishop of \'irginia. was born at Peters- 
burg. July 9. 1846, son of Rev. Churchill J. 
Gibson, a prominent clergyman of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal church. Through mater- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



153 



nal and paternal lines Bishop Gibson traces 
to the early colonial and revolutionary dig- 
nitaries and families of Virginia, including 
Richard Bennett, the Puritan governor of 
Virginia (1652), Theodorick Bland, Robert 
Boiling, Peter Poythress, William Ran- 
dolph and Richard Bland, "The Antiquar- 
ian,'" member of the First Continental Con- 
gress and of the Virginia Committee of 
Safety. 

Rev. Churchill J. Gibson, a man of benevo- 
lence, humor, cultured refined taste and re- 
markable piety, was the founder ot Grace 
Protestant Episcopal Church of Petersburg, 
\vas its rector fifty years, and is still remem- 
bered there with reverence and love. In 
1883 he was clerical deputy to the general 
convention of the church, at a previous date 
having been almost the unanimous choice 
of the Episcopal laity of Virginia for assist- 
ant bishop. His wife, Lucy Fitzhugh (At- 
kinson) Gibson, an accomplished, noble 
woman, "'devoutly given to all good works," 
taught a Bible class in Grace Church Sun- 
day school for fifty years, and the harvest 
from her teaching Eternity alone will reveal. 
It was the earnest desire of these godly 
parents that their son, Robert A., should 
tread in the footsteps of his father and be- 
come a minister, but they did not urge him 
nor seek to unduly influence him in the 
choice of a career. But their wishes were 
easily fulfilled, as the lad became early con- 
nected with the church, and but followed 
the natural bent of his mind. Both lived to 
see their son an honored clergyman of the 
church they loved, although the father, born 
in 1819, died in 1895, two years prior to his 
son's greatest achievement, his consecration 
as IHshop of X'irginia. 

Rt. Rev. Robert Atkinson Gibson began 
his preparatory education in the Episcopal 
High School at Alexandria, Virginia, going 
thence to Mount Laurel Academy in Vir- 
ginia, and then entering Hampden-Sidney 
College near I'^armville. Here his college 
life was interrupted by the war between 
the states. He enlisted in 1864 in the ser- 
vice of his state with the Rockbridge artil- 
lery. Fort Virginia artillery, fighting with 
the Army of Northern Virginia until the 
final surrender at .\ppomattox in 1865, and 
well proving the military side of his nature. 
Peace restored, he again entered Hampden- 
Sidney. whence he was graduated A. B. in 
1867. During these years of study he had 



made the close acquaintance of the best 
English writers ; and the works of Macaulay 
and Carlyle gave him especial pleasure. His 
natural inclination also turned him toward 
sacred literature and mental philosophy, 
Butler's Analogy being a special book of 
study. After graduation he began his stud- 
ies in divinity at the Theological Seminary 
of Virginia, whence he was graduated in the 
class of 1870. He was ordained deacon on 
lulv 24 of the same year by Bishop Whittle 
"in the chapel of the' Theological Seminary, 
and sent forth as a missionary to south- 
eastern Virginia, where he spent eighteen 
months in eft'orts to revive the work of the 
church in old parishes, and in opening new 
fields, covering five counties on the south 
side of the James river. On July 4, 187 1, he 
was ordained priest by Bishop Johns at 
Petersburg, and from 1872 to 1878 was as- 
sistant minister to Rev. Dr. Joshua Peterkin, 
rector of St. James Episcopal Church, Rich- 
mond, and was in charge of the Moore Me- 
morial Chapel. From 1878 to 1887 he was 
rector of Trinity Church, Parkersburg, West 
\'irginia. and from 1887 to 1897 was rector 
of Christ Church. Cincinnati. Ohio. 

In 1897 his native state reclaimed and 
restored him to his own people by electing 
him Bishop Coadjutor of Virginia, to which 
holy office he was consecrated, November 
3, 1897. In igo2, by the death of Rt. Rev. 
F. M. Whittle, he succeeded him as Bishop 
of Virginia, and in that high priestly office 
continues at this date, 1915. 

Filled with intense zeal to serve his 
church and people. Bishop Gibson has been 
of great usefulness in his efforts to aid in 
upbuilding and strengthening educational 
institutions. His alma mater. Hampden- 
Sidney, and Kenyon College, Ohio, have 
particularly benefitted by his services as 
trustee, the latter college showing its appre- 
ciation of the bishop's high attainments by 
conferring upon him the degree of D. D. in 
1897. In the same year the University of 
the South conferred the same degree in 
acknowledgment of his great public spirit 
usefulness and learning. 

Under his inspiring leadership the diocese 
of Virginia has taken long steps forward, 
and its spirituality and temporal growth 
has brought joy and pride to the leader. 
The good bishop inspires love and confidence 
in the hearts of his people by his wise 
counsel, purity of life and deep piety. His 



154 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



qualities of simple, sincere and reverent 
conduct have endeared hitn to the public 
generally, while with the individual he is the 
embodiment of the Christly doctrine, "Thou 
shalt love thy neighbor as thyself." His 
personal charm is extraordinary and inde- 
finable, but he holds his people to him, and 
in the rural districts where contact is closer 
than in the cities, this personal charm is 
doubly apparent. Yet in Richmond, no 
large entertainment is completely successful 
without him, and in social circles he is ver\- 
popular. Could one sum up liishop Gib- 
son's attractive personality in one word, it 
wotild be best expressed in the word simplic- 
ity, in the sense that he makes it his greatest 
topic : The simplicity of the Gospel of 
Christ. This thought he lives out daily with 
men, women and children, and it is not more 
his great learning, his priestly office, his 
eloquent sermons and impressive readings, 
that influence men and women for good 
than his living out in his own life the simple 
and beautiful truth of the (iospel. Although 
his theology is sound, his creed orthodox, 
his sermons eloquent, persuasive and logi- 
cal, these are not the forces that draw the 
hearts of his people to him, but the confi- 
dence and love he inspires by his own liv- 
ing of the simple Gospel truths is the mag- 
net that draws and holds his people. 

Bishop Gibson married, November 12. 
1872, Susan Baldwin Stuart, daughter of 
Hon. .-K. H. H. and Frances Cornelia ( Bald- 
win) Stuart, of Staunton, Virginia. Chil- 
dren : Rev. Alex Stuart Gibson, married 
Esther II. Hall, of Arlington, Virginia ; 
Lucy Fitzhugh, at home; Frances Peyton, 
born in Richmond. Virginia, married Ed- 
mund Lee \\'oodward, and resides in China : 
Mary, at home ; Rev. Churchill J. Gibson, of 
Luray, A'irginia. married Gay Lloyd. 

George Cameron, one of the most promi- 
nent tobacco manufacturers of Virginia, is 
of Scotch extraction, as his name indicates. 
His grandfather, Alexander Cameron, was a 
sheep farmer at Grantown, Morryshire, 
Scotland. His wife's maiden name was 
Grant. Their son. Alexander Cameron, was 
born at Grantown, where he lived as a 
farmer and leather merchant, and died in 
1839. His wife, Elizabeth (Grant) Camer- 
on, native of the same section, died in Pet- 
ersburg, Virginia. Of their six children, 
three are now living, namelv: Alexander. 



nf Richmond. X'irginia ; Elizabeth, unmar- 
ried : (jeorge. The deceased were : William ; 
.Sarah, wife of Robert Dunlop, of Peters- 
burg ; Jane, wife of George Cameron. The last 
named died in 1872, and his wife fifteen 
years later. 

George Cameron, son of Alexander and 
Elizabeth (Grant) Cameron, was born April 
23, 1839, in Dreggie, near Grantown, and 
came to \^irginia with his mother at the age 
of only two years. When he \vas ten years 
old he returned to Scotland, for his educa- 
tion. In Petersburg, his elder brothers were 
engaged in the manufacture of tobacco with 
the late David Dunlop, and in this way he 
became interested in that business at the age 
of fifteen years. Since the early age above 
mentioned. ^Ir. Cameron has been most 
actively identified with the tobacco business, 
and has come into control of many widely 
separated depots for handling this product. 
With great natural ability, and possessed of 
the traits ])eculiar to his people, he made 
rapid progress in business while yet a boy, 
and in 1862, at the age of twenty-tnree 
years, he became a partner in the firm of 
Cameron & Crawford, and later in the firm 
of William Cameron & Brother, at Peters- 
burg, Virginia, and the firm of Alexander 
Cameron & Company, at Richmond. In the 
jnirsuit of this industry, business houses 
were established in Australia, and in 1865 
his elder brother, ^^'illiam Cameron, now 
deceased, visited Australia in order to re-, 
adjust business arrangements in that far 
continent, w-hich had been severely inter- 
rupted by the war, Australia and India 
were among the largest consumers of the 
tobacco manufactured by the Cameron con- 
cern. Upon the return of William Camer- 
on, in 1866, other branches were established, 
namely: William Cameron & Brother, at 
Petersburg, Virginia ; Alexander Cameron 
& Company, Richmond, Virginia; Robert 
Dunlop & Company, at Louisville and Hen- 
derson, Kentucky : and George Campbell & 
Company, Liverpool and London. The 
owners in these concerns were William 
Cameron, .Alexander Cameron, George 
Cameron, Robert Dunlo|i. and George 
Campbell, the last two being husbands of 
the sisters of Mr. George Cameron. .\ very 
extensive business was transacted in the 
trade of leaf and manufactured tobacco, in 
Kentucky and Virginia, for export. About 
1870. at the solicitation of the governor of 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



155 



X'ictoria. Australia, the tinii of William 
Cameron & Company, Ltd.. was established 
at Melbourne, under government protection, 
thus enjoying a rebate of twenty-five cents 
on each pound of tobacco manufactured in 
the colony of Victoria. In 1872 the Camer- 
ons engaged in business at Sidney. Xew 
South Wales, under the firm name of Cam- 
eron Brothers & Company, and this was 
soon followed by a factory at Adelaide, 
South Australia, and one at Brisbane, 
Queensland. About seventy-five per cent, 
of the tobacco consumed in the Australian 
colonies was supplied by these firms. Hav- 
ing achieved phenomenal success in the 
business world as manager of several large 
interests, Mr. George Cameron retired from 
the active course of duties thus involved. 
and now resides at his beautiful estate 
"Mount Erin," within the limits of the city 
of Petersburg, where he finds exercise and 
relaxation in superintending his green- 
houses and ample grounds and farm. Al- 
though deeply engrossed in business for 
many years, Mr. Cameron did not forget his 
duty to the public, and during the war with 
the states volunteered for service in the 
Confederate army, and was taken prisoner 
in the engagement before Petersburg, June 
9, 1864. With others he was conveyed to 
Point Lookout, Alaryland, and later trans- 
ferred to Elmira, New York. There he was 
paroled and returned to his home, by way 
of Savannah, Georgia, in October, 1864. Mr. 
Cameron has long been one of the most 
active and influential members of the Pres- 
byterian Church South, and while he is not 
a voter, he has always been a firm supporter 
of the Democratic party. Since 1866 he has 
been identified with the Masonic fraternity, 
whose benevolent principles are an exempli- 
fication of his own character. 

He married (firstj March 13, 1861, Helen 
Dunn, daughter of Thomas R. Dunn, of 
Oakhill, Virginia, and his wife, Helen 
(Spooner) Dunn. She died in 1883, and 
Mr. Cameron married (second) July 19, 
1886, Delia Pegram, a native of Petersburg, 
daughter of R. G. and Helen (Burrough) 
Pegram. She is now mistress of his elegant 
home at Petersburg, which is the abode of 
hospitality and refined taste. There were 
six children of the first marriage : Alexan- 
der, now deceased ; Ella, now widow of 
Simon D. Gilbert, of Harrisburg, Pennsyl- 
vania ; William, now manager of the British 



Australian Tobacco Company of Australia ; 
George, deceased, who was president of the 
National Bank of Petersburg; Helen, re- 
siding unmarried at home. Children of the 
second marriage : Richard, died at the age of 
sixteen; Delia F'. and JNlargaret Burroughs, 
residing with their parents. 

Ernest Linwood Dodson. As proprietor 
of the Piedmont Tobacco Company, Ernest 
Linv^-Qod Dodson is identified with the in- 
dustry to which, more than to any other, 
Danville. \'irginia, owes its prosperity and 
reputation. He entered this field after con- 
siderable experience in other lines of en- 
deavor and his success in his business has 
been the reward of careful, wise and con- 
servative dealing. He is also the head of 
the P. B. Gravely Tobacco Company, a con- 
cern established in 183 1. and a large and 
flourishing enterprise of Danville. Mr. Dod- 
son's connection with \'irginia is by his 
Inisiness relations, birth and ancestry, his 
grandfather having been born in Halifax 
county, coming from that county to Pittsyl- 
vania county. 

(I) Felix Dodson, grandfather of Ernest 
Linwood Dodson, was a miller and also cul- 
tivated land of which he was the owner. 
His death occurred in 1877. He fought in 
the Confederate army throughout the entire 
four years of the civil war, participating in 
manv of the most noted engagements of 
that eventful struggle. He married Eliza- 
beth M. Ferguson, of Pittsylvania, where 
she still ( 1914) lives. Children of Felix and 
F^lizabeth M. (Ferguson) Dodson: Henry 
Joel, of whom ftirther ; Fanny, died unmar- 
ried ; Sally, married E. A. Wiles, a farmer 
of Pittsylvania county ; Robert Leonard, a 
farmer of Pittsylvania county, has held the 
<iffice of county supervisor, the present rep- 
resentative of his district in the Virginia 
state legislature ; Charles W., engaging in 
the grocery business in Danville, Virginia : 
Cornelia, deceased, married Charles Wil- 
liams, a farmer of Pittsylvania county. 

(II ) I-lenry Joel Dodson, son of Felix and 
Elizabeth M. (Ferguson) Dodson, was bom 
in Pittsylvania county, Virginia, in Septem- 
ber. 1851. He was reared to agricultural 
occupations and has followed this line all 
of his life. His present home is on the farm- 
five miles from Danville, which he has raised 
to a high and profitable state of cultivation. 
He married (first) March 11, 1874, Betty 



156 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Tabitha, daughter of liird Thomas Jen- 
nings. She died November 30, 1884. He 
married (second) Lucy Stutz, of Pittsyl- 
vania county, Virginia. He married (third) 
in October, 1912, Alice, widow of Douglas 
Dyer. Children of first marriage : Ernest 
Linwood, of whom further ; Mattie Eliza- 
beth, married \\illiam H. Bennett, a farmer 
of Pittsylvania county, and has eight chil- 
dren ; Maggie, died in infancy ; Mary, died 
in infancy ; Henry Oscar, a carpenter of 
Pittsylvania county, married Alma Spindle, 
of St. Louis, Missouri, who left him at her 
death with one child, Arthur; Walter Ray- 
mond, married and resides in New York 
state. Children of second marriage : George 
Winfred, lives at home; Emma Malinda, 
married Fletcher Slayton, a farmer, and has 
two children ; Janey Rosalie, a student in 
the training school of the Danville General 
Hospital; Alvin Bernice ; Edna, died in in- 
fancy ; Edgar, twin of Edna, lives at home ; 
H. Conrad, '\'ivian, Elise, Fanny, Ethel, 
Eva, all of whom reside at home, unmar- 
ried. Mr. Dodson's third wife is the mother 
of five children by her former marriage, 
their being no children of their union. 

P.ird Thomas Jennings, father of Betty 
Tabitha (Jennings) Dodson, was a fanner, 
passed nearly his entire life in Pittsyl- 
vania county, Virginia, his death occur- 
ring in Greensboro, North Carolina, when 
he was ninety years of age. He was mar- 
ried four times, first to a Miss Brightwell, 
second to a Miss Gardner, third to a Miss 
Gardner (not related) and fourth to a 
widow, Mrs. Clark. His children are by his 
first three marriages : Mary, deceased, mar- 
ried James Ballon, of Halifax county. Vir- 
ginia ; James, deceased, married a Miss 
Hardy; ^\'illiam, married a Miss White; 
Thomas, deceased ; Jane, deceased, married 
a Mr. McDaniel ; Meredith, a resident of 
Roanoke, Virginia, married (first) a Miss 
Smith, (second) a widow, Mrs, Maynard ; 
Betty Tabitha, of previous mention, mar- 
ried Henry Joel Dodson; Patty, deceased, 
married a Mr. Ferguson ; Charles W., mar- 
ried and lives in (ireensboro. North Caro- 
lina : Whit, died in infancy ; John, married 
a Miss Brown and resides in Charlotte 
county, Virginia ; Sally, married Nathaniel 
Ferguson, of Danville, Virginia ; Eleanor, 
married Albert Warren, deceased, and lives 
in Richmond, Virginia; Lulu, married W. 
W. Clark, of Winston Salem, Xorth Caro- 



lina ; Robert Hughes, deceased ; Cora, mar- 
ried J. E. Sale; Samuel, married and lives in 
South Carolina ; Jessie, unmarried ; Nanny, 
married Thomas Bennett, a farmer of Pitt- 
sylvania. 

(HI) Ernest Linwood Dodson, son of 
Henry Joel and Betty Tabitha (Jennings) 
Dodson, was born near Danville, Pittsyl- 
vania county, Virginia, on the farm where 
his father now lives, February 19, 1875. He 
was reared to farm life and remained at 
home, assisting in the cultivation of the 
homestead acres until he was twenty-four 
years of age. in his youth pursuing his 
studies in the local schools. Moving to 
Lynchburg, Virginia, he was for a short 
time connected with the wholesale grocery 
trade as a traveling salesman in the employ 
of S. C. Nowlin Company, in 1899 taking up 
his residence in Danville. For one year he 
was engaged in the retail shoe department 
of W. P. Hodnett's store as clerk, in 1900 
becoming a bookkeeper for the W. C. Hurt 
Tobacco Company, in 1904 being admitted to 
the firm, the business in the following year 
being incorporated as the Morotock Tobacco 
Works, of which Mr. Dodson was vice-presi- 
dent, treasurer and general manager. In 
1910 the charter of this corporation was sur- 
rendered and Mr. Dodson has since con- 
tinued in business independentlv under the 
name of the Piedmont Tobacco Company. 
He is sole owner of this concern, which is 
a strong and responsible one, holding a firm 
position in the tobacco trade of Danville. 
He is related to other business interests in 
the city and is vice-president of the Dan- 
ville P.ook and Stationery Company. His 
political belief is Democratic, and he is a 
member of the Commercial Association, the 
Tuscarora Club, and both Country clubs. 

Mr. Dodson married, June 6, 1907, at Mar- 
shalltown. Iowa, Bessie E., born in that 
place June 16, 1878, daughter of Henry V. 
and Emma (Broadhead) Speers. Her father, 
a veteran of the civil war. died in Novem- 
ber, 1912, aged seventy-five years, having 
been a merchant of Marshalltown and sub- 
sequently oil inspector for the state of Iowa. 
His widow now resides in Marshalltown, 
aged sixty-three years. Henry \'. and 
Emma (Broadhead) Speers were the par- 
ents of: Charles R.,a structural iron worker, 
specializing in bridge-building, of Des 
Moines, Iowa ; John, deceased ; Bessie E.. 
of previous mention, married Ernest Lin- 



VIRGINIA P.IOCRAPHY 



157 



wood Dodson ; Harry V., of Marshalltown, 
Iowa. Mr. and Mrs. Dodson are the parents 
of: Elizabeth Speers, born April 23. 1909; 
Eleanor, born August 9, 191 1; Ernest L., 
Jr.. born November 18, 1913. 

Adam Tyree Finch, M. D. The Finch 
family of Virginia, of which Adam T. Finch, 
of Chase City, is a twentieth century repre- 
sentative, springs from Adam Finch, who 
according to the records of Charlotte county, 
A'irginia, received a grant of several thou- 
sand acres of land in that county from the 
English king. Four generations of the 
family have been seated in Mecklenburg 
county, Adam Finch, grandfather of Dr. 
Adam' T. Finch, taught the first school in 
Chase City. The family have ever been 
large landowners and planters, men of 
honor, influence and high standing. Through 
intermarriages Dr. Finch is connected with 
the important Goode, Carter and Bacon 
families of Virginia and with many of the 
Colonial families of the state. Dr. Adam 
T. Finch is a son of Tyree Goode Finch, 
grandson of Adam Finch and great-grand- 
son of Zachariah and Mary A. Finch, all of 
Mecklenburg county. 

(II ) Adam Finch, son of Zachariah Finch, 
was born June 23, 1800, died October 4, 
1874. He was a teacher and preacher of the 
early dav, belonging to the Virginia confer- 
ence of the Methodist Episcopal church, and 
is credited with having taught the first 
school in Chase City. He married, Decem- 
ber 24, 1824, Lucy Swepson Goode, bom 
about the year 1800, died June 12, 1859, 
daughter of William and Mary (Tabb or 
Tabbs) Goode, a lineal descendant of the 
"founder" of the Goode family in Virginia. 
Children: Langston Easley, born October 
24, 1825: Richard Henry. April 24, 1827; 
William Edward, December 21, 1830; 
Thomas Zachariah, August 29. 1833: George 
r.everly, February 27. 1837; Tyree Goode. 
of further mention ; Adam Thomas. George 
Beverly Finch, a captain in Pickett's divi- 
sion of the Confederate army, charged at the 
head of his company, and though he sur- 
vived the gallant charge, made by the divi- 
sion at Gettysburg, brought back with him 
from that field a Federal bullet that was not 
removed from his body until twenty years 
afterwards. He was a lawyer and practiced 
in Mecklenburg county until his death in 
1900. 



(III) Tyree Goode Finch, next to the 
youngest son of Adam and Lucy S. (Goode) 
Finch, was born April 27, 1840, died in 1886, 
a farmer. He served in the quartermaster's 
department of the Third Regiment Virginia 
Cavalry, Confederate States army, returning 
after the war to the farm. He married Mary, 
daughter of Colonel Little Bacon, a descend- 
ant of Nathaniel Bacon, of the house of bur- 
gesses. Colonel Bacon married a Miss Car- 
ter, of Virginia. 

(IV) Dr. Adam Tyree Finch, of Chase 
City, was born February 29, 1872, son of 
Tyree Goode and Mary ( P>acon) Finch. He 
prei:iared in the public schools of Mecklen- 
burg county, entered Virginia Polytechnic 
Institute in 1889 and was graduated Bach- 
elor of Science, class of 1893. He decided 
to become a physician, and in the fall of 
1893 entered the medical department of the 
University of Virginia, whence he gradu- 
ated Doctor of Medicine, class of 1896. He 
remained at the L-niversity as instructor in 
clinical medicine. In 1908 he became com- 
mandant of cadets and professor of physi- 
ology at Virginia Polytechnic Institute at 
lilacksburg, Montgomery county, Virginia, 
a post he retained until 1901. During the 
time between graduation and his locating in 
Ijrivate practice in Chase City, Dr. Finch 
was. in addition to the foregoing, physician 
at Buffalo Lithia Springs until 1902. retain- 
ing that post for one year after locating in 
Chase City. Since 1902 he has devoted him- 
self entirely to his Chase City practice and 
has there gained honorable reputation as 
physician and citizen. He is a member of 
the American and Virginia State Medical 
societies, has contributed timely and valua- 
ble articles to the medical journals and is the 
author of "A Hand Book of the University 
of Virginia." For sixteen years he has been 
connected with the Virginia National Guard 
as surgeon and has served as major of the 
medical corps of Virginia. He is one of the 
present health officers of the county, and as 
a member of Chase City council served as 
chairman of the sanitary water and sewage 
commission, organized to supervise the con- 
struction and building of the present water, 
light and sewage system of the city. He is 
modern in his methods of treatment and 
fully in sympathy with advanced ideas on 
sanitation and prevention. In political faith 
he is a Democrat, in religious belief a Meth- 
odist, and in fraternal connection, a member 



158 



\1RG1X1A BIOGRAPHY 



of Chase City Lodge, No. 96, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons. 

Dr. Finch married, in 1899. Elizaljeth 
Morton, born in 1880, daughter of Benja- 
min and Susan (Carrington) Morton, of 
Clarksville, Virginia. Children : Mary 
Douglas, Elizabeth Goode, Margaret Goode, 
Adam Tyree (2). \\'illiam Carrington. 

Edward S. Brown. The Ikown family 
trace their ancestry in England to a remote 
period. Their coat-of-arms : A field sable, 
three lions passant argent in bend. Crest : 
Griffin's head or, dentele. Motto : Lacti 
complcti lahorcs. 

Buckingham Browne, the first of the line 
here under consideration of whom we have 
definite information, a son of Clement and 
Mary (Glebe) Pjrowne, was born January 
31, 1671-72, died February i, 1734-35. He 
was a native of England, from whence he 
came accompanied by his wife, mother and 
daughter, August 21, 1703, receiving from 
the king a large grant of land in Essex 
county, Virginia, where he settled and spent 
the remainder of his days. His mother, 
Mary (Glebe) Browne, was baptized Janu- 
ary 4, 1644, died Februarv 8, 1732, daugh- 
ter of AA'illiam Glelie. Buckingham Browne 
married. April 21, 1700, at Radnall Church, 
Havelstone, England, Elizabeth Mestich, 
who bore him nine children : Mary, born 
March 5, 1701 ; Clement, January 24, 1702. 
died December 26, 1702 ; John, December 
II, 1708, in Essex county, Virginia, died 
December 4, 1709; Samuel, December 11. 
1710; Elizabeth, December 26. 1712; Sarah, 
July 23, 1714, died September 9, 1714: 
Thomas, Feljruary 14, 1715-16; Dorothy, De- 
cember 24, 1721 ; James, see forward. 

(HI) James Browne, son of Buckingham 
and Elizabeth (Mestich) Browne, was born 
in Essex county, Virginia, September 23. 
1726, was baptized in the Parish Church of 
St. Ann by Senore Garzia, October 13, 1726. 
died August 6, 1814. He married Mary 
Spearman, born November 13. 1730, died 
August 6, 1823, daughter of Job Spearman. 
Children: William, born October 14, 1755: 
Elizabeth, January 6. 1757, died Februarv 
27, 1855: Martha,' June 16, 1759, died Julv 
23, 1853: Anna, June 28, 1761. died Noveni- 
ber 3, 1848; John, March 16, 1764: Thomas, 
December 4, 1765; Rhoda, June i8, 1769; 
Daniel, see forward. 

(IV) Daniel Browne, son of James and 



Mary (Spearman) ISrowne, was born May 
26, 1776, died May 28, 1863. His occupation 
was that of planter, and he followed this 
line of work first in Cumberland and after- 
ward in Powhatan county, Virginia. He 
married, November 24, 1808, Nancy Hob- 
son Walton, daughter of Robert and Alary 
( Hobson) \\'alton, who were the parents of 
five other children, namely: William, 
Thomas, Polly, Aggie, Fanny. Robert Wal- 
ton, who was a soldier in the revolution, 
serving from the beginning to the end of 
the war, was a son of Thomas and Martha 
( Cox) Walton, who were the parents of 
three other sons, namely : Thomas, George, 
Josiah. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Browne: 
I. Henry J., born October 12, 1811 ; married, 
October 24, 1833, Susan Ann Hobson. 2. 
Robert Walton, born August 28, 1813; mar- 
ried, April 10, 1838, Elizabeth Allen Hob- 
son. 3. Thomas Compton, born December 
2y. 1815; married, December 21, 1837, Mar- 
tha James Goodman. 4. Edward Smith, see 
forward. 5. Mary Christina, born Novem- 
ber 21, 1819; married. March 10, 1842, Har- 
rison Jones. 6. Elizabeth Agnes, born No- 
vember 13, 1822; married, December 19, 
1839. William Thomas Hobson. 7. Martha 
Ann, born September 13, 1825, died March 
22, 1886: married, November 24, 1846, Zach- 
ariah Grayson Moorman. 8. Daniel Hob- 
son, born September 3, 1828; married (first) 
October 16, 1851, Sallv Ann Hatcher: (sec- 
ond) June 30, 1858. Mildred Minerva Wilkin- 
son : (third) February 18. 1874, Charlotte 
Virginia Hatcher. 

(V) Edward Smith Brown, son of Daniel 
and Nancy Hobson (Walton) Browne, was 
born in Cumberland county, Virginia, April 
7. i8iS, died January 3, igo8, in Lynchburg, 
Virginia. He came from good stock in every 
sense of the word, for his parents were more 
than ordinary people. While leading the 
quiet simple life of the country gentry of 
those days, they were of a strong mental 
caliber, educated, refined, and of high char- 
acter. In early life Edward S. Brown led 
the life of a Virginia planter's son, aiding 
in the aft'airs of a large farm and familv. 
and attending the best available countrv 
schools. He completed his education at the 
Randol])h-AIacon College, then ranking 
among the best institutions of the south, and 
was among the first graduates along with 
Bishop McTyeire and was under the tute- 
lage (if the Rev. Dr. Landon B. Garland, 



'^1 



.,sW|P'^P^ 






VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



159 



afterwards for man)- years, and up to his 
death, the chancellor of the Vanderbilt 
University. Throughout the long and use- 
ful life of Air. Brown his thirst for knowd- 
edge was unabated, and he remained a stu- 
dent to the ver\' end. He was admitted 
to the bar in the early forties, and he prac- 
ticed his profession in Cumberland and other 
counties in Virginia, continuing until near 
the close of his life, acquiring a reputation 
for legal ability of a high order, ranking 
among the leading members of his profes- 
sion. Enjoying fine social connections, and 
being a man of steady and industrious 
habits, noted for his thoroughness and pains- 
taking diligence in all his work, he acquired 
an extensive practice and the esteem and 
confidence of his fellowmen. In 1866 Mr. 
Brown removed to Lynchburg and shortly 
afterwards formed a partnership with 
Charles L. Mosby. one of the ablest and 
most accomplished lawyers in the history 
of the state. Mr. Mosby being considerabh- 
older than Mr. Brown and always in delicate 
health, the chief labors of the firm devolved 
wholly upon Mr. Brown, and during the last 
ten years of this connection, which con- 
tinued until the death of Mr. Mosby, the 
senior member of the firm rarely came to 
the office, and then only on short visits. 

The firm, of which William C. Ivey was 
a partner for a time, stood very high in legal 
and business circles, and took a leading part 
in the greater part of the important liti- 
gation of Lynchburg and the surrounding 
countr}-. In the complex and protracted 
litigation over the will of Samuel Miller, in- 
^•olving about a million and a half dollars, 
and arousing deep interest throughout the 
state, the work of the firm was conspicuous. 
The contest presented many phases of great 
difficulty and engaged the talents of lead- 
ing lawyers in this part of the common- 
wealth, but it is believed that Mr. Brown 
was as serviceable and influential in that 
conflict and bore himself with as much 
honor and ability as the best of them. He 
was concerned in many other cases of im- 
portance and difificulty, jjarticularly in the 
court of appeals, where it was said to be 
his rule to carry every case that was not 
decided exactly to his liking. That digni- 
fied and stately forum seemed more con- 
genial to his predilections than the guerilla 
contests of the inferior courts. 

The most prominent traits of Mr. Brown's 



professional style and characteristics were 
his thoroughness of preparation, his patient, 
persistent, tireless work in examining every 
]".hase of his cause and every question his 
mind could suggest as likely to arise. He 
wanted to read and study the outgiving of 
every court in Europe and in America that 
had given an opinion upon the matter in 
hand. It was not tmusual for him to visit 
Washington and Richmond and spend sev- 
eral days searching the large law libraries 
of those cities on the hunt for authorities 
to sustain his contentions, or better, down 
the position of his adversary. His capacity 
for labor in his researches was equal to his 
apparent love of it, and he spared not him- 
self day or night. No drudgery of detail, 
no forbidding array of facts and figures, no 
complications of legal principle or conflict- 
ing testimony ever dismayed him, or turned 
him aside from mastering every detail of 
his cause. This arose largely from his con- 
scientious loyalty to his client and his pro- 
found conviction of his duty, and he gave 
himself without stint to the full perform- 
ance of every trust confided to him. It must 
not be thought from his searching after 
authorities that he followed blindly previ- 
ous opinion of courts or text-writers. On 
the contrary he was a man of most inde- 
pendent judgment and held to his own opin- 
ions with the utmost tenacity. He was also 
prominently noted for his strong determina- 
tion and courage in the face of any difficulty 
or danger, though he never seemed to lose 
the calm equanimity of his temper. 

The long, hard struggle he made for the 
recover}- of his property in the state of Kan- 
sas which had been confiscated by the 
L'nited States government during the war. 
illustrated his prominent characteristics. 
Finding after the close of the war that his 
valuable properties there had been confis- 
cated as belonging to an alien enemy, that 
the}- had been taken and sold in the forms 
of law, but against its equity, and by con- 
siderajjle hard and dangerous work he might 
prove that the proceeds had been appro- 
priated by corrupt Federal marshals in col- 
lusion with conniving and still more cor- 
rupt judges, many of whom still held au- 
thority and influence, and knowing that the 
battle must be waged in a forum strongly 
jirejudiced against him, yet with tireless 
energy and patient persistence he waged for 
vears the unecjual coiitest amid hostile sur- 



i6o 



\IRrxTNIA BIOGRAPHY 



rounding-.s until he finally wrung from the 
despoilers a considerable part of their ill- 
gotten gains. In the course of the litiga- 
tion several appeals were taken by him to 
the Supreme Court of the United States, and 
arising out of these matters and through 
Mr- Brown's instrumentality articles of im- 
peachment were presented by the house of 
representatives against a judge of the 
United States court in Kansas, charging 
bribery, corruption and high misdemeanors 
in office. Mr. Brown was one of the chief 
witnesses who testified against him, with 
the result that the judge resigned his 
office pending the hearing of the charges. 
In all his professional career, as w-ell as in 
his business affairs, he loved justice, scorned 
deception and trickery, and was absolutely 
without fear of man. 

In early life he joined the ]Methodist 
church, and after moving to Lynchburg he 
united with the Court Street Methodist 
Church, to which he was zealously devoted 
and a constant attendant to the last. He 
was especially fond of Bible study, and de- 
voted to teaching it in his Sunday school 
class, which in his latter days, despite the 
increasing feebleness of age, he would never 
consent to give up. He carried on his 
labors almost to the day of his death, for 
when he was stricken with his last illness, 
just a few days before the end, he was in 
the midst of preparing legal documents and 
engaged in Biblical research. In this and in 
all things else he fought a good fight and 
kept the faith, and his religious life was 
even as the "path of the just that shineth 
more and more unto the perfect day." He 
was a just man who daily walked in his up- 
rightness. His was the life of a Christian 
gentleman, charitable to all his kind, slow to 
anger and full of good words. In his fam- 
ily he was amiable, kind-hearted, hospitable 
and helpful ; as a friend he was faithful and 
sympathetic, and when he went to his re- 
ward he left a blessed memory. No man 
in all Lynchburg was more beloved than 
he. 

Though he always took an intelligent and 
lively interest in all the public questions of 
the day and the affairs of his country, yet 
he had no taste for politics and never sought 
public office. But recognizing the ability 
and high character of the man, his county 
people prior to the civil war elected him to 
the legislature and he represented them in 



the house of delegates with the same indus- 
try and fidelity which he brought to the 
discharge of every duty. 

Mr. Brown married, in 1845, Jane Mar- 
garet W'infree, of Lynchburg, Virginia, 
daughter of Christopher and Cornelia 
( Meyer) Winfree, and took her to his home. 
".Sunny Side," an attractive country seat a 
few miles below Cumberland Court House. 
Here they resided for some years, he lead- 
ing the life of a country lawyer of the olden 
time in one of the most prosperous and larg- 
est sla\eholding counties of the state, and in 
a community of the highest social advan- 
tages until after the close of the civil war. 
Their children were: I. Cornelia Walton, 
born April 6, 1846. 2. Mary Virginia, born 
January 9, 1849; married, November 5, 
1867, John Winston Ivey, son of Peter and 
Sallie (Lawson) Ivey; children: Otelia 
Walton, born March 2, 1872; Mary Win- 
ston, born October 20. 1878. ,v Anne, born 
October 7, 1856. 

Littleberry Stainback Foster, M. D. While 
the Fosters of Mathews county, Virginia, 
descendants of Isaac Foster, are elsewhere 
described as a family of seafaring men. 
pilots, mates and masters, there are excep- 
tions to this general rule and in the follow- 
ing review, the career of one of the most 
notable professional men of the family is 
traced. 

Dr. Littleberry S. Foster is a grandson of 
Isaac Foster, a sea captain, ship and land- 
owner, sailing his own vessel, a man of 
means, influence, and strong character. He 
served in the second war with Great Britain, 
was a devoted member of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, devoting largely of his 
time and means to promote its welfare. Cap- 
tain Isaac Foster married Mary Miller and 
had issue : Julia ; Baldwin, whose career is 
elsewhere noted in this work ; John, father 
of Dr. Foster, of Norfolk: Seth : Isaac (2) ; 
Elizabeth ; Shepard. 

John Foster, second son of Isaac and 
Mary (Miller) Foster, was born in Mathews 
county, \^irginia, in 1817, died in 1896. 
Nearness to the sea and family example 
combined to determine his choice of a career 
and from boyhood he began sailing the near- 
by waters of the Chesapeake and from inti- 
mate association became thoroughly famil- 
iar with the secrets of that great body. From 
the bay he graduated to the ocean, beginning 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



i6i 



"before the mast" and later becoming 
master. He was a sea captain for many 
years, his record is an honorable one, his 
character ruggedly honest and his entire 
life one that stood the test of every trial. 
He married Nancy Foster, born in 1824, 
died in 191 t, daughter of another John 
Foster (not a relative) and his wife, Sarah 
lirownley. Children: John E., born in 1845, 
died in ' 1896, a sea captain, unmarried; 
Littleberry Stainback, of further mention ; 
Malvern Hill, born in 1863, died in 1898: 
married Virginia Hudgins. 

Littleberry S. Foster, second son of Cap- 
tain John and Nancy (Foster) Foster, was 
born "in Mathews county, Virginia, Febru- 
ary 23, 1856. He obtained his early and 
pr'ejjaratory education in private schools, 
completing his classical studies at Randolph- 
Macon College. Breaking away from family 
tradition and parental example, he forswore 
the sea and all its allurements, deciding upon 
a professional career. As the years have 
brought him honors in that oldest of profes- 
sions and the future holds yet more brilliant 
promise, it is evident that he made no mis- 
take and that as a pilot to health, he pos- 
sesses the same clear brain, steady hand and 
cool courage that distinguished the many 
men of his race who have gained fame as 
pilots of ships. After leaving Randolph- 
Macon he entered the medical department 
of the University of the City of New York 
and there received the degree M. D., class 
of 1879. He added to his store of knowledge 
gained at the university by a post-graduate 
course at Edinburgh, Scotland, beginning 
practice in Norfolk, Virginia. After a few 
years spent in practice there he returned 
to Mathews county, in 1885, and there prac- 
ticed until 1899. During this period he made 
special study of diseases of the brain and 
nerves and became noted as one of the great 
specialists in the treating of such diseases. 
In 1899 he gave up private practice to ac- 
cept the appointment of superintendent of 
Eastern State Hospital for the Insane in 
Virginia, and until 1907 was the head of 
that institution. Here he was brought in 
constant contact with every form of disease 
of the brain, and with all the power of his 
medical skill and learning he fought to re- 
store to the unfortunates committed to his 
care, their normal condition. To this end 
he used not only every medicinal and sur- 
gical aid known to the brain specialist, 
viR-n 



Init those exterior aids, exercise, diet, 
occupation and amusement, treating each 
case separately after a thorough ex- 
amination into cause, heredity and previous 
environment. The eight years spent at the 
Insane Hospital were fruitful ones for both 
the institution and its honored head. He 
grew in experience and knowledge, his de- 
votion to his patients arising from a double 
motive, professional interest of the highest 
order and an intense sympathy for those 
deprived of reason, often through no fault 
of their own. He attained high rank among 
the brain specialists of the country, and 
raised the reputation of the institution over 
which he presided to a par with the best of 
other states. In 1907 he withdrew from 
the superintetidency of the hospital and re- 
sumed private practice as a brain and nerve 
specialist, locating in Norfolk. He is a 
member of many professional societies, in- 
cluding the American and Virginia State 
Medical Associations and for seven years 
prior to becoming superintendent of the In- 
sane Hospital was a member of the state 
board, governing the insane hospitals of 
Virginia. Dr. Foster is not a man of one 
idea, although his devotion to his specialty 
is intense. While practicing in Mathews 
county he was superintendent of schools for 
nine years and for ten years was chairman 
of the Democratic county committee, filling 
both positions most capably and had he 
elected to remain in the county would prob- 
ably have been yet in office, as his people 
parted from him with regret. He is a mem- 
ber, junior warden and treasurer of Burton 
parish of the Protestant Episcopal church 
and a master Mason of Williamsburg 
Lodge, No. 6. 

Dr. Foster married, in 1881, Agnes, 
daughter of Captain William and Mary Jane 
(Dent) Dixon, of Savannah, Georgia. Chil- 
dren : I. Mary L., born in 1883, a graduate 
of Virginia Female Institute, Staunton, 
Virginia, and of Olney College, Washing- 
ton, D. C. ; married Charles Rowan and has 
three children: Mary F., Virginia, and Wil- 
liam Dent. 2. Littleberry S. (2), born in 
1885, educated at Locust Dale Academy, 
then took architectural courses and is now 
a draughtsman in the employ of the Gen- 
eral Fire Extinguisher Company, of Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, at Charlotte, North 
Carolina. 3. Lucille, born in 1887, a gradu- 
ate of Chatham Female College, Chatham, 



1 62 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



\"irginia. 4. William Dixon, born 1889, edu- 
cated at Hampton-Sidney College, \^irginia. 
and Millsajjs College, Jackson, Mississippi, 
received from the latter college the degrees 
A. B. and A. M. He is now an instructor 
in Porter Military Academy. Charleston. 
South Carolina. 5. Merritt \\'., born in 1894, 
a graduate of Porter ^Military Acadeiny. 

R. Randolph Hicks. Hardly yet in the 
prime of life. _\ et ranking as one of the 
strong men of the \'irginia bar, Mr. Hicks 
can review with satisfaction his years, forty- 
four. 

He is a son of Robert J. and Nannie T. 
(Randolph) Hicks, of W arrenton, Virginia, 
and was born in that town in 1870. After 
preparatory courses at Episcopal High 
School, he entered the University of \'ir- 
ginia. whence he was graduated LL. B., 
class of 1891, and at once began practice. 
He was located at Roanoke, Virginia, for 
six years, then transferred his residence to 
Norfolk, where he has since been continu- 
ously in practice in all state and Federal 
courts of the district. His practice is a 
large one and conducted with the strictest 
regard for the interests of clients and in 
close accordance with the ethics of the pro- 
fession, closely absorbed in the profession 
he adorns. He is- a member of the law 
firm of Hicks, Morris, Garnett & Tunstall, 
the firm having offices in Norfolk and New 
York City. Messrs. Morris & Garnett are 
attorneys for the system of banks known 
as the Morris Plan Banks. Mr. Hicks has 
made few departures from the legitimate 
field of law. but in 1897-98, represented his 
district in the Virginia house of assembly, 
elected on the Democratic ticket. Learned 
in the law, forceful and eloquent in pre- 
senting his cases, he has won his way to 
the high position he holds at the bar by the 
force of merit and by the fairest of methods. 
He is a member of the Virginia Borough, 
Country and Westover clubs. 

Mr. Hicks married, in C)ctober, 1899, Ella 
J. Kerr, daughter of Charles G. Kerr, of 
Baltimore, and granddaughter of Reverdy 
Johnson. 

Caldwell Hardy, president of the Norfolk 
National Bank, is descended from an old 
North Carolina family, which was distin- 
guished in the early history of that state. 
Rev. William Hardy, born 1729. died 1783. 



resided in Bertie county. North Carolina. 
His wife's bajjtismal name was Sarah. Little 
is now known concerning this couple. Their 
son. Rev. Edward Hardy, born March 18, 
1770, in Bertie county, was a clergyman of 
the Methodist Episcopal church, and resided 
in Currituck county. North Carolina, near 
the court house, and died April 3, 1837. At 
the age of nineteen years he became con- 
vinced of his calling to engage in the min- 
istry, and on December 24. 1791, before 
completing his twent)--second year, he was 
appointed a traveling minister by the Meth- 
odist conference, and was appointed a 
deacon, December 11. 1793. at Green Hill 
by Bishop .Asbury. He continued his labors 
in North Carolina until his death. He was 
made an elder at Norfolk. Februarv 24, 1814. 
He married (first) December 25, 1796, Lydia 
Jarvis, born August 25, 1780, died Decem- 
ber 20. 1807, daughter of Colonel Thomas 
and Lydia Jarvis, of Currituck ; married 
(second) December 20. 1808, Elizabeth 
Murden, who died September ii, 1815 : mar- 
ried (third! September 24, 1816, Dorcas 
\\ oodhouse, who died December 11 of the 
same year: married (fourth) July i, 1819, 
Lydia (White) Bray, widow of Captain 
Thomas Bra}-, born November 27, 1784, died 
March 18. 1853, daughter of Caleb and Amy 
White. Of the first marriage were born four 
sons: \\'illiam J., Thomas Asbury, Charles 
Wesley and Edward Washington. All of 
these reared large families. The second 
wife had three children who died unmar- 
ried. The third wife died childless. Chil- 
dren of the fourth marriage: Lemuel Cook, 
died at the age of seventeen years : Henry 
Clarke. 

(Hi Henry Clarke Hardy, youngest child 
of Rev. Edward and Lydia (White-Bray) 
Hardy, was born November 10, 1826, in Cur- 
rituck. North Carolina, and was deprived of 
his father by death when eleven years old. 
\'ery early in life he went to Norfolk. \'ir- 
ginia, and became a clerk with Hardy Broth- 
ers, a firm consisting of his two eldest half- 
brothers, who were shipowners and mer- 
chants engaged in the West India trade. He 
received some schooling in North Carolina 
and also in Norfolk. Soon after attaining 
manhood, he removed to Petersburg where 
he became a merchant, and where in later 
years (about 1890) he was for some time 
cashier of the Petersburg Savings and In- 
surance Company. In 1839 he moved to 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



163 



Newark, New Jersey, and established in 
New York the firm of H. C. Hardy & Com- 
pany in association with his brothers' firm 
of Hardy & Brothers, of Norfolk, Virginia. 
He returned to Norfolk, Mrginia. and in 
1870-71 was president of^ the Farmers and 
Merchants Loan and Trust Company of that 
city. Returning to New York, he became 
a member of the New York Stock Exchange 
and of the Consolidated Stock and Produce 
Exchanges, and conducted a very success- 
ful business as banker and broker, residing 
in Pirooklyn. He later became cashier of 
the Petersburg Savings and Insurance Com- 
pany, referred to above, retired in 1900, and 
(lied at Hamilton, New York, July 24, 1912. 
Inuring the civil war he acted as agent for 
the state of North Carolina in caring for 
southern soldiers held prisoners in the 
north. He was highly esteemed for his up- 
right character and many personal and 
social virtues. For many years he was ves- 
tryman of St. Anne's Protestant Episcopal 
Church, of Brooklyn, New York. He was 
a member of the Union League Club in 
New York. Politically he was independent 
of party organizations. 

He married (first) May 16, 1848, in St. 
Paul's Church, Norfolk, Huldah Etheridge 
Dozier, born May 20, 1828, in Camden 
count)'. North Carolina, daughter of Joseph 
and Lydia (Lamb) Dozier, died August 6, 
1875, in Norfolk. He married (second) De- 
cember 9, 1S80, in Brooklyn, Mary E. R. 
Gillette, who survives him without issue, 
and now resides in Hamilton, New York. 
Children of his first wife: i. PVederick, born 
May 29, 1849, in Norfolk, resides in Colum- 
bia, Tennessee. 2. Marion, died at the age 
of six days. 3. Caldwell, mentioned be- 
low. 4. Henrietta, born August 13, 1854, 
became the wife of Edward M. Hammond, 
of Atlanta, Georgia, and died November 24, 
1883. 5. Mary Lamb, born August 23, 1856, 
in Petersburg, died in Oxford, North Caro- 
lina, April 17, 1869. 6. Horace, born July 
2, 1858, in Petersburg, is engaged in the life 
insurance business in New York City. 7. 
Lydia White Lamb, born September 24, 
1859. is the wife of Dr. John D. Hammond, 
of Augusta, Georgia. 8. Henry Clark Jr., 
born November i, 1861, in Brooklyn, re- 
sided in New York City, where he died No- 
vember I, 1905. 9. Willoughby D., born 
July II, 1863, in Greene county. New York, 
resides in New York City, where he is a 
certified public accountant. 



(Ill) Caldwell Hardy, second son of 
Henry Clarke and Huldah Etheridge (Doz- 
ier) Flardy, was born May 13, 1852, and was 
seven years of age when he removed with 
his parents to New York. He was educated 
in the Polytechnic Institute, Brooklyn, and 
entered a bro'Ker's office in Wall street, New 
York, in 1870. Soon after he removed to 
Norfolk, Virginia, and engaged in the bank- 
ing business, and upon the organization of 
the Norfolk National Bank in 1885 became 
its first cashier. He continued in that posi- 
tion until 1899, since when he has been its 
president. His official connection with the 
bank as cashier and president now extends 
over a period of nearly thirty years. In 
1893 he also became cashier, six years later 
vice-president, and in 1901 president of the 
Norfolk Bank for Savings and Trusts, con- 
tinuing as its president to the present time. 
He is a member of the American Bankers 
Association, having been two terms a mem- 
ber of its executive council, first vice-presi- 
dent in 1901, and president in 1902. He is 
a director of the Virginia Railway and 
Power Company, and a member of the board 
of trustees and treasurer of the Mary F. Bal- 
lentine Home for the Aged. For many years 
he has been a vestryman of St. Paul's Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church, of Norfolk; has 
been twice president of the Virginia Club ; 
and is a member of the Borough Club, 
Country Club, and president of the West- 
over Club. Mr. Hardy is a man of genial 
nature, afi'able manners and sound prin- 
ciple, and much of the success of the two 
very successful banks of which he is the 
head is due to his personal efforts and popu- 
larity. 

He married, December 6, 1875, I-ucy 
Hardy, of Norfolk, daughter of Dr. Thomas 
and Kate (Wallington) Hardy. Children: 
i. Wallington, born September 8. 1876, mar- 
ried Carrie Symington, of Baltimore. 2. 
Russell, born March 6. 1882. 3. Lucy, born 
August 15. 1884. married Sewall Kemble 
Oliver, of Columbia, South Carolina, and 
has children: Sewall Kemble Oliver Jr., 
born April 17. 1909. C. Hardy Oliver, born 
November 20, igio, Lucy (3) Oliver, born 
October 10, 1912 4. Kate, born December 
8, 1886. 

James Scott Parrish. From boyhood a 
worker, and since 1892 connected with the 
Richmond Cedar Works founded by his 
father, Mr. Parrish has developed a strong 



164 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



character and an efficiency in the conduct 
of large business enterprises that mark him 
as a man of unusual force. He has faced 
discouraging conditions with a brave front, 
and whatever forebodings may have lilled 
his soul, to the world he was the clear- 
headed man of action they were accustomed 
to meet. There are two qualities of char- 
acter that distinctly marked his father in 
this son's estimation, unbounded courage in 
overcoming difficulties, and his gentle but 
firm disposition. These qualities have lost 
nothing in transmission from father to son. 
Still a young man, Mr. Parrish carries the 
responsibilities of the executive positions he 
holds, with a rare wisdom, and in his inter- 
course with his assistants is courteous and 
considerate. His many years of intercourse 
with men as employee and employer have 
taught him the value of consideration for 
others, and developed a practical side of his 
nature that only comes from actual contact 
with men in different business operations. 
"Live and let live" is not a modern motto 
but it is having a modern application in 
these days and may be said to fairly express 
Mr. Parrish's attitude toward his fellows. 

James Scott Parrish was born in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, December 12, 1869, son of 
William Henry Parrish, born July 27, 1834, 
died March 27, 1892, and grandson of 
Coason W. Parrish, born June 5, 1803, died 
February 6, i860. Coason W. Parrish mar- 
ried Mary Steele Coffey. William Henry 
Parrish married Mary, daughter of John 
Kirkpatrick, born in 1790, died in February, 
1842. John Kirkpatrick married Jane Maria 
Jellis, born June 2"], 1801, daughter of Cap- 
tain Thomas and Ann (Deane) Jellis, who 
came from England in 1817, settling at 
Cartersville, Virginia, their daughter, Jane 
Maria, coming in 1819. Captain Thomas 
Jellis was a captain in the English army. 
General Michael McCreagh, of Lord Well- 
ington's staff", being a near relation of the 
family. 

William Henry Parrish was a manufac- 
turer of Richmond, founder of the Rich- 
mond Cedar Works, a man of strong char- 
acter and upright life. 

James Scott Parrish attended the public 
schools of Richmond, Mrs. Canim's School 
and Thomas Norwood's School, preparing in 
these institutions for college. From the 
time he was twelve years of age he collected 
bills in the after-school hours, and on Sat- 



urdays until he was eighteen years of age. 
After entering college he spent two months 
of each vacation in labor, so the introductory 
statement that "since twelve years of age he 
has been a worker" admits of no contro- 
versy. His classical preparation completed 
he entered ^Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, Boston, Alassachusetts, whence he 
was graduated Bachelor of Science in Me- 
chanical Engineering, Mav 31, 1892. In 
June, 1892, he entered the establishment of 
his father, the Richmond Cedar Works, tak- 
ing the place made vacant by the death of 
the latter, the preceding March, and threw 
himself with all his energy and capacity into 
the operation of that plant. Success has at- 
tended his efforts and his name today is an 
honored one in Richmond business circles. 
His interests have expanded and now ex- 
tend far beyond the limits of his original 
enterprise, the Richmond Cedar Works, he 
being treasurer of that corporation. He is 
president of the Hammond Company ( In- 
corporated) ; president of the Chesterfield 
Apartment Company ; president of the Rich- 
mond Foundry and Manufacturing Com- 
pany ; president of the Gulf Red Cedar Com- 
pany ; treasurer of the Wilts Veneer Com- 
pany, and holds a directorship in each of 
them. 

Mr. Parrish, like many city business men 
of large interests, has a passionate love for 
country life and out-of-door pleasures. His 
chief sports are golf, tennis, hunting and 
horseback riding, while his love for the 
country finds expression in his beautiful es- 
tate, "Miniborya," at Drewry's Bluff', Ches- 
terfield county, Virginia. Here the farming 
and dairy operations are of the deepest in- 
terest to him, and at "Miniborya" as many 
of his hours and days "off' duty" are spent 
as are possible. His practical mind has 
evolved several inventions that have been 
successfully patented and applied to various 
uses. His clubs are the W^estmoreland, 
Commonwealth and Country Club of Vir- 
ginia ; his college fraternity, Sigma Chi. He 
is a deacon of Grace Street Presbyterian 
Church, and in politics a Democrat. From 
1906 until 1910, Mr. Parrish served upon 
Governor Swanson's staff' as aide-de-camp. 
In 1907 he was elected a member of the 
board of trustees of Hampden-Sidney Col- 
lege. 

This record of a busy man's life shows 
a broad interest in all departments of city 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



165 



life, and but inadequately expresses the in- 
terest Mr. Parrish has in all that concerns 
the public good. He has no rules of conduct 
to recommend to young men that will lead 
to success, but believes that the "proper ob- 
servance of the Sabbath day" will contribute 
more to the strengthening of sound ideals 
in American life and prove most helpful to 
young men in attaining true success. 

Mr. Parrish married, December 6, 1893, 
Edith, daughter of George and Mary Ella 
(Winch) Winch, her parents being the same 
name but not related. Her paternal grand- 
parents are Joseph Russell and Mary 
(Cawn) Winch; her maternal grandparents, 
Enoch and Mary (Fuller) Winch, an an- 
cestor being Joseph Winch, who was a cap- 
tain in Colonel Samuel Bullard's regiment 
in 1777, and during the revolution. Chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Parrish : Eleanor 
Winch and James Scott (2), both students. 

Hope. Numerous are the members of this 
family of Hope from whom the colony and 
state of Virginia has derived service of sig- 
nal t\alue. There are few avenues of en- 
deavor they have not penetrated, and in 
nearly all lias some member of the family 
won honor and distinction, even literature re- 
ceiving one of the name. James Barron 
Hope, into a prominent place. The history 
of Virginia is replete with the deeds of 
members of the Hope family, founded in the 
colony by John Hope, who came from Eng- 
land to Elizabeth City county, making his 
home in Hampton. From him are descended 
William Owens and Frank Stanley Hope, 
of Portsmouth, Virginia. 

The founder of the family, John, and his 
son of the same name were ship.-builders, 
the elder Hope having learned the art in 
his native land, and in Virginia instructing 
his son therein John, junior, was the owner 
of a yard at Portsmouth and there con- 
structed many ships for the coastwise and 
transatlantic trade, becoming the possessor 
of what was for that time a considerable 
fortune. 

(HI) William Meredith Hope, son of 
John (2) Hope, was born in 1812, and died 
in 1899, after a lifetime passed in the pur- 
suit of the calling that had occtipied his line 
since the arrival of the American ancestor. 
He was educated under private instruction, 
and made his life business naval construc- 
tion, giving of his services to the Confed- 



erate government during the civil war. 
While this conflict was being fought he 
superintended the building of two ships on 
the Tombigbee river, one on the Mississippi, 
and one on the Chickahominy, all four of 
which became units of the Confederate 
navy. He was a member of the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, and belonged to 
Stonewall Camp, Confederate Veterans, his 
church was the Methodist Episcopal. Wil- 
liam Meredith Hope married Virginia 
Frances Owens, of Portsmouth, Virginia, 
and had issue: Herbert M., born in 1849, 
died in 1907, a minister of the ]\Iethodist 
church, married, in 1878, Emma Vinton and 
had one daughter. Faith, who married Wil- 
bur C. Dula ; William Owens, of whom fur- 
ther ; Frank Stanley, of whom further ; 
Leila, born in 1861, married Daniel Roper: 
James Shirley, born in 1868, died in 1896, 
married, in 1892, Florida Coston. and had 
children, James Shirley, Jr., born in 1893, 
and .Florida, born in 1895. James Shirley 
Hope; was a graduate of the University of 
Virginia and an assistant surgeon in the 
United States navy. 

(R") William Owens Flope, son of Wil- 
liam Meredith and Virginia Frances 
(Owens) Hope, was born in Portsmouth, 
Virginia, April 7, 1853. As a youth he at- 
tended the schools maintained by Professor 
Slater and Professor Williams, and after 
leaving school became a student of phar- 
macy, successfully passing the examinations 
of the State Board. In 1879 Mr. Hope es- 
tablished as the proprietor of a drug store 
in Portsmouth, which he successfully con- 
ducted for several years, at the end of that 
time disposing of the business and becoming 
general manager for its new owner, as he 
continues to this time. 

Mr. Hope has occupied prominent posi- 
tions in the public life of the city, having 
for twenty years been a member of the 
school board, four years of which time he was 
chairman of the committee on school regu- 
lations. For six years he was chairman of 
the Democratic City Committee, and during 
the first term of Grover Cleveland as presi- 
dent, was appointed chief clerk to the 
master shipbuilder at the Portsmouth Navy 
Yard. He is a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows and the Improved 
Order of Heptasophs, and is a communicant 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. He is 
well-known in the city, and is the center of a 



1 66 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



wide circle oi friends. He stands constantly 
for the best in civil life, and allies himself 
readily with any movement tending toward 
the improvement of the material or moral 
welfare of the city of Portsmouth. 

He married, February 2, 1882, Catherine 
Virginia, born February 26, 1857, daughter 
of William James and Mary (Ball) Wood, 
of Norfolk county, Virginia, and has issue: 
Katie Deans, born July 2, 1883, died July 
19. 1900; Bessie Lee, born December 28, 
1885, married, January 27, 1908, Charles Ed- 
ward Ball, and has Elizabeth Hope, born 
August 17, 1909, and John, born September 
27, 191 1 : Mary Virginia, born January 18, 
1888, married, January 3, 1906, Edward 
Buell Nicholson, and has a daughter, Cath- 
erine Hope, born November 19, 1906: Wil- 
liam Meredith, born April 6, 1891 ; Hugh 
Stanley, born August 14, 1897. 

(IV) Dr. Frank Stanley Hope, son of 
William Meredith and Virginia Frances 
(Owens) Hope, was born in Portsmouth, 
Virginia, in 1855, ^"d was a student in the 
schools of Professor L. P. Slater and Pro- 
fessor W'ebster. His studies over, in a gen- 
eral way he became a student of pharmacy, 
at the same time reading medicine. In 1876 
he entered the University of Virginia, grad- 
uating at the end of one year, afterward 
completing a year of special study under 
the direction of Dr. J. Ewing Mears, of 
Jefferson Hospital. Dr. Hope then became 
a practitioner of Portsmouth, and has since 
been connected with the professional life of 
that city, attending to the needs of a large 
private clientele, and serving, for the past 
twenty-four years, as health officer of the 
city and as physician to the almshouse. To 
the last named offices he has been con- 
stantly faithful, and has safe-guarded the 
citizens of i'ortsmouth from disease and 
plague in ever)- manner known to sanitary 
science. Water supply, drainage, sewer 
system, and the whole long list of fruitful 
causes of contagion came under his close 
and knowing scrutiny, and upon his recom- 
mendation steps were taken by the civil 
authorities that reduced these dangers to a 
minimum. 

Dr. Hope has for twehe years been a 
member of the Democratic State Committee, 
closely identified with political movements 
throughout the state, and has also been in- 
terested in local affairs. His eminent quali- 
ties of leadership and the confidence he has 



inspired in his fellow-citizens, after a life- 
time of labor among them, in 1912 caused 
his election to the office of mayor of Ports- 
mouth, and in that year he entered upon a 
four year term as chief executive of the 
city. His achievements and rule in the half 
of that time that has passed have entirelv 
fulfilled the expectations of his adherents, 
for his administration has been capable, 
energetic, impartial, and business-like. 

Dr. Hope is a member of lodge and chap- 
ter in the Masonic Order, his lodge the Sea- 
board, and he also fraternizes with the 
P.enevolent and Protective Order of Elks 
and the Improved Order of Red Men. He 
■belongs to the Norfolk County Medical 
Society, and the Methodist Episcopal 
church. 

He married, June 20, 1883, Annie, daugh- 
ter of John and Eliza (Cason) West, and 
has one daughter, Mary, who married W. 
S. Broderick. 

John Tabb Ijams, a banker and broker of 
New York City, was born in Berkeley 
county, Virginia. His father was James 
Ijams, born in Frederick county, Maryland, 
in 1819. died in 1873, ^"d his mother Dorcas 
Susan Michell (Tabb) Ijams, daughter of 
John Tabb, of Berkeley county, Virginia. 
She was born in 1832, died in 1898. The 
Tabb family have been prominent in \'ir- 
ginia from the seventeenth century. 

James Ijams, father of John Tabb Ijams, 
was by occupation a merchant, and served 
in the Confederate army in active service 
under General Stuart and later in the com- 
missariat department of the Confederate 
army. 

The Ijams family is an old family of 
Frederick county, ]\Iaryland, first settled in 
.Maryland in the seventeenth century, the 
old homestead in Frederick county, Mary- 
land, l)eing still owned by the family. The 
first railroad built in Maryland was through 
the Ijams estate and the village in prox- 
imity was named Ijamsville. Members of 
the family were prominent in the revolution- 
ary war, and the war of 1812. The maternal 
grandfather of Mr. Ijams served under (len- 
eral Ciates in the war of the revolution. 

John Tabb Ijams was educated in private 
schools in Virginia. After leaving school 
he became a clerk in a wholesale dry goods 
house in Baltimore. Subsequently in 1873, 
he removed to New York and entered the 



VIRGINIA BIO(iRAPHY 



167 



employ of one uf the leading dry goods 
commission firms of that city. In 1876 he 
withdrew and established a woolen mills 
agency which he controlled until 1900. when 
he liquidated and became associated with 
the banking house of Fisk & Robinson in 
Xassau street. This relation was severed 
in 1908, since which time he has been con- 
nected with the banking house of \\'illiani 
.\. Read & Company. 

Mr. Ijams married. April 20, 18S1. Phoebe 
Adele, daughter of Isaac Horton and Phebe 
(Smith) Smith. There have been two chil- 
dren. Ethel Adele, born in 18S3, now de- 
ceased, and John llorton, born in 1884. edu- 
cated in the lierkeley Preparatory School 
in New York, graduating from Harvard 
with the degree of .\. B. in 1907. since which 
time he has been connected with the bank- 
ing firm of Harris, l<"orbes & Companv. New 
York. 

Mr. Ijams is an Episcopalian, and since 
his early residence in New York he has 
been fi member of the Church of Incarnation 
at Madison avenue and Thirty-fifth street. 
He is much interested in philanthropic and 
charitable work and is an active member of 
several charitable organizations. He is an 
Independent in politics, both local and 
national. He is fond of outdoor exercise 
and sports, and is a member of several 
clubs. 

Edward Chambers Laird, M. D. Through 
his mother, \'irginia (Chambers) Laird, 
Dr. Laird traces descent from Judge Ed- 
ward R. Chambers, of Mecklenburg county, 
N'irginia, a memljer of the \'irginia Con- 
vention of 1854 and secession convention of 
1861. Mrs. Laird's mother was Lucy 
Tucker, a daughter of Colonel John Tucker, 
of Brunswick county. Virginia, born No- 
vember 8, 1770, died March 5, 1843. Colo- 
nel Tucker was a prosperous planter, all 
his life a magistrate, a state senator, a Whig 
and presidential elector on the Clay ticket. 
In the war of 1812 he commanded a regi- 
ment in active service at Norfolk, Virginia. 
Colonel Tucker married. May 8, 1803, Agnes 
Eppes Goode, born at "Inglewood," May 
15, 1781, died December 25, 1814, daughter 
of Thomas Goode, of Chesterfield countv, 
X'irginia. Through this marriage Dr. Ed- 
ward C. Laird, of Boydton. Virginia, traces 
a line of descent frnm John (ioode, an Eng- 



lishman, who came to \irginia prior to 1660 
from Barbadoes. 

Thomas Goode was a wealthy planter, 
owning estate in Mecklenburg and Chester- 
field counties, Virginia. He married Agnes 
Osborne, of "Osbornes," Chesterfield. His 
\oungest daughter, Agnes Flppes, born May 
15, 1 781. married Colonel John Tucker, also 
i)f an illustrious Virginia family. 

Thomas Goode was a son of John Goode, 
of "Falls Plantation," Chesterfield county, 
\'irginia, who was killed by the Indians be- 
tween the years 1720 and 1730. He left 
three sons and a daughter, who moved with 
their widowed mother to the southwestern 
Ijoundary of the colony, bought land and 
settled along the Roanoke river. John 
Goode was the third son of John Goode, the 
founder of the X'irginia family of Cjoode, 
and of the eleventh generation of English 
("loodes, descendants o{ Richard Goode. 
John Goode married (first) in liarbadoes, 
a lady named Mackarness, who came to 
Virginia with him but soon died, leaving 
a son Samuel. John Goode married (sec- 
ond) .Anna Bennett, who bore him twelve 
children. 

Dr. Edward Chambers Laird is a son of 
Dr. .Alexander Thomson Laird, who was 
born in Rockbridge county, \'irginia. near 
Lexington, .April 20, 1819. He was edu- 
cated at the United States Military Acad- 
emy at XX'est Point. Washington and Lee 
University, Lexington, X'irginia, and Jef- 
ferson Medical College, Philadelphia, an 
eminent physician, son of John and Jane 
(Edmondson) Laird, of Rockbridge county. 
Dr. .Alexander Thomson Laird married A^ir- 
ginia C'hambers, born in Mecklenburg 
county. X'irginia, May 4, 1832, who yet sur- 
vives him. She is a daughter of Judge Ed- 
ward R. Chambers, of previous mention, 
who married Lucy, daughter of Colonel 
John and Agnes Eppes (Goode) Tucker. 
Judge Chambers has issue: Edward St. 
John, "Harvie," Captain Henry Harvie, a 
lawyer and Confederate soldier. Company 
C, X'irginia Reserves; Sterlin, died young; 
Henrietta, died young; Elizabeth, died 
young; Virginia, of previous mention; Jen- 
nie, married Dr. Harvey Laird ; Mollie, still 
living in the old home at Boydton ; Juliet, 
married L. M. XX'ilson ; Rosa, married 
Thomas F. Goode. 

Dr. Edward Chambers Laird was born at 



i68 



\"]RGIMA BIOGRAPHY 



Boydton, A'irginia, October 9. 1854. After 
preparatory courses, he entered Virginia 
Military Institute, in August, 1872, as a 
cadet from Mecklenburg county, continuing 
three years until graduation, class of 1875. 
Deciding upon the profession honored by 
his father, he prepared at the University 
College of Medicine, Baltimore, receiving 
his degree M. D., class of 1879. He began pro- 
fessional practice the same year at Boydton, 
but has not been in continuous practice 
there. He was for a period physician at the 
celebrated Buffalo Lithia Springs of Vir- 
ginia. Later he located at .\sheville. North 
Carolina, where he established a large and 
select practice. He then removed to Haw 
River, North Carolina, where he has large 
business interests. He has a large practice 
in Boydton, the home of his mother, and 
is practically a resident of both Boydton 
and Haw River. Mrs. Laird, mother of Dr. 
Laird, resides at the fine old homestead in 
Boydton, a highly respected and beloved 
lady. Dr. Laird divides his time between 
his professional and business interests in 
Haw River and Boydton. He is a member 
of the Presbyterian church, and in politics 
is a Democrat. 

He married, June 9, 1880, Cora May. 
daughter of Governor Thomas May Holt, of 
North Carolina. Children: i. Thomas Holt, 
born at Haw River, North Carolina, Au- 
gust 5. 1881 ; educated at Danville Military 
Institute and Trinity College. Durham, 
North Carolina ; now engaged as a cotton 
broker at Greensboro, North Carolina ; mar- 
ried Margaret Keene Goode, daughter of 
Edward Chambers Goode, and has a daugh- 
ter Louisa Holt Laird, born in Greensboro, 
August 18, 1913. 2. Charles Chambers, born 
at Haw River, North Carolina, .August 31, 
1890; was educated at Bingham School, 
Asheville, North Carolina, and ^^'ashington 
and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia ; 
vk^as associated with his older brother in 
cotton brokerage business in Greensboro : 
died at Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 15, 

1914- 

David I'rank Laird, a brother of Dr. .\lex- 
ander T. Laird, was born in Rockingham 
count}-, Virginia, July 8. 1822, died Decem- 
ber 17, 1891 ; was a farmer. 

George Faul La Roque, M. D. An ancient 
family of France, the La Roques, on coming 
to .America in the seventeenth centurv, set- 



tled in Louisiana. From there the branch 
which Dr. George Paul La Roque. of Rich- 
mond, Virginia, descends, passed to the 
state of North Carolina, settling in Lenoir 
county, which has been the family home for 
considerably over a century. One of the 
well known, old time physicians of that 
county, Frederick La Roque, universally 
known as "Old Doctor Fred," practiced in 
the county until his sixtieth year. His wife 
was a Dunn, whose family came from Eng- 
land, settling first in eastern Virginia, and 
later going to North Carolina. The Mew- 
borns with whom ^^'alter Dunn La Roque 
intermarried, were also an English family 
that settled first in \irginia before going 
farther south. 

(I) Dr. Frederick La Roque ("Old Doc- 
tor Fred") was born in Lenoir county. 
North Carolina, there lived, and died at the 
age of sixty years. He was a regular medi- 
cal practitioner, and was well known over 
that section as a skillful and reliable physi- 
cian. He married a Miss Dunn, and reared 
a family of five children, one of whom was 
Mrs. Sue Hardy, yet living, a resident of 
Lenoir county. 

(H) Walter Dunn La Roque, son of Dr. 
Frederick La Roque, was born in Lenoir 
county. North Carolina, February 12, 1850. 
died July I, 191 1, in Kinston in the same 
county. He began business life as a farmer, 
but later became a merchant of Kinston. 
and for twenty-five years preceding his 
death was in business there. He married, 
in 1871, Annie, daughter of Levy Mewborn, 
also of an old Lenoir county family. She 
was born in Lenoir county in October. 1850. 
and is now a resident of Kinston in that 
count}'. Children : Mark Heber, died in 
1881, aged nine years; Frederick Mabson, 
born July i, 1874, now a merchant of Kin- 
ston : George Paul, of further mention ; 
Walter Dunn, born December 30, 1878. now 
in the real estate and insurance business in 
Kinston, and active in pul^ilic affairs, having 
just completed his third term of two years 
each as mayor and is now postmaster of that 
city; Oscar Kent, born March 20, 1883, a 
wealthy, influential tobacco dealer, requir- 
ing two warehouses to conduct his business ; 
J. Frank, born January 18, 1888, a tobacco 
buyer and warehouseman of Kinston. 

(Ill) Dr. George Paul La Roque. second 
son of Walter Dunn and Annie (Alewborn) 
La Roque, was born in Kinston, Lenoir 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



169 



county, North Carolina, June 16, 1876. He 
was educated in the public schools of Kin- 
ston and the University of North Carolina, 
attending the latter institution two years; 
r.ellevue, two years, then entering the medi- 
cal department of the University of Pennsyl- 
\'ania, at Philadelphia, whence he was grad- 
uated M. D., class of 1902. He was resident 
physician at the University Hospital, Phil- 
adelphia, two years, and in 1905 located in 
Richmond, Virginia, with offices at No. 501 
East Grace street, where he is well estab- 
lished in practice, specializing in diagnosis 
and surgery. He is associate professor of 
surgery in the Aledical College of Virginia, 
and surgeon to the Memorial, Virginia and 
other hospitals. He is a member of the 
Commonwealth and Country Clubs, the 
Elks, of college fraternities. Omega Upsilon 
Phi. Tau Nu Epsilon and Sigma Xi. In 
religious faith he is an attendant of the 
Christian church. He is unmarried. 

William Bernard Lightfoot. The Light- 
foot family took a prominent part in the 
aftairs of Virginia in colonial times and a 
member of the second generation in Amer- 
ica is described on his tombstone as "de- 
scended from an ancient family in England, 
who came over to Virginia in a genteel and 
honorable character." They intermarried 
with the old honorable families of the 
dominion, and the member here given es- 
pecial mention may well be proud of his 
ancestry. William Bernard Lightfoot was 
born August 7. 1850, in Mississippi, where 
his parents were living temporarily, and is 
a son of William Bernard Sr. and Sarah Bee 
( Roos) Lightfoot. the former a native of 
Virginia, the latter of Alabama. 

Rev. Richard Lightfoot, the earliest 
known ancestor of this family, was pastor 
at Stoke liruerne. Northamptonshire. Eng- 
land, and died November 28, 1625. His son, 
John Lightfoot. was barrister at Gray"s Inn 
in 1617, and two sons of the latter, Captain 
John and Lieutenant-Colonel Philip Light- 
foot, came to Gloucester county. Virginia, 
about 1670. In 1671 Philip Lightfoot was 
given in a list of residents of Gloucester 
county and he is called "Mr." in 1677; lieu- 
tenant-colonel in ir>8o and captain in 1690. 
He was surveyor-general in 1676, and his 
will was probated in 1708. He married Alice, 
daughter of Henry Corbin. whose sister 
Letitia married Richard Lee and Ijecame an- 



cestor of the famous general, Robert E. Lee. 
The Corbin home was known as "Bucking- 
ham House" and was in Middlesex county. 
The tomb of Philip Lightfoot at "Tedding- 
ton" (standing today), Sandy Point, bears 
as arms. Lightfoot impaling Corbin. He 
held three tracts of land at Sandy Point, 
then in Wallingford parish, James City 
county, which later fell in Westover par- 
ish. His son Philip exentually came into 
possession of this land. The second Philip 
was born in i68g, died in 1748, being buried 
at "Teddington." Sandy Point. He held 
high office and had the respect of his fel- 
lowmen. He had a mansion also in York- 
town. He married Mary, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Anne Armistead, and widow of 
James Burwell, of King's Creek. William, 
son of this latter union, died before 1771. 
William's wife was Mary Howell and their 
second son, Philip (3) Lightfoot, lived at 
Cedar Creek, Caroline county, being known 
as Philip Lightfoot, of Caroline. He died 
in 1786. Lie served as a lieutenant in Har- 
rison's artillery, continental line, and re- 
ceived two grants of land for his services. 
His wife was Mary Warner (Lewis) Light- 
foot, only daughter of Colonel Charles and 
Lucy (Taliaferro) Lewis, whose ancestry is 
given in the succeeding paragraph. 

General Robert Lewis located in Glouces- 
ter count}' about 1645, and his son John 
married Isabelle, daughter of Captain Au- 
gustine Warner. Both families were Welsh. 
Captain Warner was a member of the house 
of burgesses from York county in 1652, and 
of the same body from Gloucester county in 
1658-59. also of the royal council in 1659- 
60. John Lewis named his home Warner 
Hall, in honor of his wife's family. John, 
son of John Sr. and Isabelle (Warner) 
Lewis, was a major in the Indian wars and 
member of the Virginia council. He was 
born in ififig, died in 1725. He married 
Elizabeth Warner, daughter of Augustine 
and Mildred (Reade) Warner. He was the 
son of Captain .Augustine and Mary Warner 
and called Speaker Warner to distinguish 
him from his father. He was several times 
a member of the royal council. His wife 
was a daughter of George Reade, who was 
secretary of the colony in 1637, acting gov- 
ernor in 1638-39 and several times member 
of the house of burgesses and of the royal 
council. George Reade was a younger son 
of a noble English family and came to Vir- 



I/O 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



ginia about 1637. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel Nicholas Martian, a 
l-'rench Huguenot, who was born in 1591 
and came to Mrginia about 1620. John and 
Elizabeth (Warner) Lewis had a son John 
(3), who was born in 1694, and in 1718 "mar- 
ried Frances Fielding. Their son Fielding 
married Betty, sister of George Washing- 
ton, and their son Charles, of Cedar Creek, 
was born in 1729 and served as colonel in 
Indian wars. He left a manuscript diary de- 
scribing the expedition which terminated 
in "Braddock's Defeat." He married Lucy, 
daughter of Colonel John Taliaferro, of 
Snow Creek. Their daughter, Mary Warner 
Lewis, was noted for her great beautv and 
grace, and she became the wife of Philip 
Lightfoot. as above described. .After his 
death she married (second) Dr. John Bank- 
head, of Caroline, nephew of President 
Monroe. 

The only son of Philip and Mary Warner 
(Lewis) Lightfoot was Philip Lightfoot, of 
Port Royal. He was born at Teddington. 
Sandy Point, in September, 1784, died July 
22, 1865. He married Sarah Savigne. daugh- 
ter of William Bernard, of Mansfield, Vir- 
ginia, and they had children as follows : 
Fannie, Philip Lewis, John Bernard, Wil- 
liam Bernard, Ellen liankhead and Rosalie 
Virginia. 

Of these children, William Bernard 
Lightfoot was born at Port Royal, Caro- 
line county. \'irginia, December ifS, i8ii. 
died February 5, 1870. He was a gradu- 
ate of the University of Virginia. He 
was a large cotton planter ; had a fine es- 
tate with many slaves and lived the life of 
the southern gentleman previous to the civil 
war. He married (first) Roberta, daughter 
of Colonel Robert Beverly, of Blandfield, 
Essex county, Virginia, and (second) Sarah 
B. Ross, of Mobile, daughter of Captain 

Jack F. Ross, United States army, and 

(Fisher) Ross. His children, besides Wil- 
liam Bernard Jr. were : Alfred Ross, born 
in 1852, counselor-at-law. New York City, 
married Marie Zoe (Valle) Valle, of St. 
Louis, Missouri, deceased ; Amelia Ross, de- 
ceased, married Leonard E. Locke; Sarah 
Bernard, married Robert Tarleton, both de- 
ceased ; Rosalie Vivian, married .Alexander 
T. Leftwich, both deceased ; Nora Meade, 
married ^^'illiam Reynolds. Helen Virginia, 
unmarried. 

William P.ernard (2) Lightfoot attended 



southern schools and studied under private 
tutors on his father's estate. He early en- 
tered business life, where he has been'verv 
successful. He has lived in New York Citv 
since 1882 and interested himself in the 
banking and brokerage business in Wall 
street. Mr. Lightfoot takes an active m- 
terest in public aifairs and is a progressive 
and enterprising citizen. In political views 
he is a Republican. He early became affi- 
liated with the Protestant Episcopal church, 
in .Alabama, being confirmed by Bishop 
Richard H. Wilmer. He belongs to the 
X'irginians of New York City ; a resigned 
member of jthe Southern Society of New 
York. For ten years he was an officer in 
the .Mobile Cadets, National Guard. Ala- 
bama. He keeps abreast of the times in 
general matters and has a large circle of 
friends. He has initiative and executive 
ability of a high order, which have enabled 
him to make a success of his business under- 
takings and have given him an enviable 
])osition among his fellows. 

Joseph Thomas Lawless. For a page of 
worthy .American record of the Lawless 
family one needs but to pen a review of the 
career of Joseph Thomas Lawless, of "Clon- 
curry," Norfolk county. Virginia, while in 
the history of Ireland, the homeland, its 
members are placed for all time as men of 
jiurpose, devotees of civil and religious lib- 
erty, loyal and constant patriots. While 
for a volume of this nature more vital inter- 
est attaches to the family life in Virginia, 
the chronicle would be indeed incomplete 
were not a resume of the preceding genera- 
tions given. Virginia is indebted to Joseph 
Thomas Lawless, of the second generation 
of his line in the United States, for able and 
faithful services in the legislative, judicial 
and executive branches of the state govern- 
ment, and as state senator, secretary of 
state, and judge of the circuit court of the 
county of Norfolk he has achieved notable 
personal reputation and has added a brilliant 
chapter to the annals of his line. 

Thomas Joseph Lawless, father of Joseph 
Thomas Lawless, and the .American ances- 
tor of the A'irginia line, descended from 
Walter Lawless, a member of an old Kil- 
kenny famih', who by marriage connected 
his line with that of Rothe and died in Ire- 
land in 1627. His son, Richard, married 
.Margaret Denn. of Grenan. and tiieir son. 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



171 



Walter, married Anne Bryan, of Jenkin.s- 
town. Walter Lawless was a captain of 
"Luttrell's Horse," and his son, Richard (2). 
who was killed at the siege of Limerick in 
1691. had a son. Walter (3), great-great- 
grandfather of Joseph Thomas Lawless, of 
this chronicle. 

Patrick Lawless, brother of Richard (2) 
Lawless, was reared in Ireland, was an offi- 
cer in the army of James II., and subse- 
ciuently settled in Spain. Family history 
speaks of him as "The Spaniard." and he 
rose to distinguished position as a diplomat. 
I! is brother, John, was the grandfather of 
"Honest Jack" Lawless, mentioned else- 
where. Richard ( i ) Lawless had a son, 
Thomas, who married a Miss Butler ; their 
son, James Lawless, was the father of Nich- 
olas Lawless, the first Lord Cloncurry, and 
grandfather of X^alentine Browne Lawless, 
who was intimately associated with the 
Emmets in the insurrection of 1803. Dr. 
Mackenzie, in his note to volume two, page 
15, Shiel's "Sketches of the Irish Bar," is 
authority for the statement that it was Val- 
entine Browne Lawless to whom Robert 
Emmet made allusion in his celebrated 
speech in reply to Lord Norbury, presiding 
judge at Emmet's trial : "There are men 
concerned in this conspiracy who are not 
only superior to me, but even to your own 
conception of yourself, my lord." Valentine 
Browne Lawless was the grandfather of the 
Hon. Emily Lawless, the authoress, who 
died in London, England, in October, 1912 
Her mother was Elizabeth (Kirwan) Law- 
less, of Castlehacket, county ( ialway, daugh- 
ter of John Kirwan, the geologist. 

Lawrence (i) Lawless, son of \\'alter (3) 
Lawless, and great-grandfather of Joseph 
Thomas Lawless, died in Galway, Ireland, 
aged eighty-three years. He and the other 
members of his family were close friends 
and intimates of the Emmets in Dublin, and, 
as ap]5ears in the diary of Thomas Addis 
Emmet, afterwards attorney-general of the 
state of New York, a Lawless was with him 
in France, aiding in the endeavor to enlist 
the services of Napoleon in the Irish cause. 
One of the sons of Lawrence (i) Lawless, 
Lawrence (2) Lawless, was concerned in 
the insurrection led by Robert Emmet in 
1803, but escaped prosecution, being in this 
respect more fortunate than his cousin. Val- 
entine Browne Lawless, afterward the third 
Lord Cloncurrv, who was arrested and, al- 



though never tried, served two years in Lon- 
don Tower. 

Thomas Lawless, son of Lawrence (i) 
Lawless, was a farmer in the land of his 
1)irth during his active life. He was a 
Roman Catholic in religion, and in politics 
was conspicuously identified with the "Re- 
pealers." In the agitation in Ireland for 
Catholic Emancipation he played a promi- 
nent part, joining O'Connell's Catholic As- 
sociation and the Repeal .Association, al- 
though on "The \\'ings" cjuestion he op- 
])Osed C)'Connell and with his brothers, Dan- 
iel and Lawrence (2), followed the leader- 
ship of their kinsman, John (Honest Jack) 
Lawless in resistance. "The Wings" was 
the name given by John Lawless, the famous 
Irish orator, to two sections of the Bentinck 
l>ill proposed in the house of commons in 
1825, advocating Catholic emancipation. 
One "Wing" was the proposal to sulasidize 
the Catholic clergy by making them depend- 
ent upon the government for support ; the 
other "Wing" was the disfranchisement of 
the "forty-shilling freeholders," effectuated 
by raising the qualification to vote to five 
jounds sterling, the whole proposition com- 
ing under the term found in modern parlia- 
mentary parlance, "rider." This specious 
remedy now receives uni\ersal condemna- 
tion, and "Honest Jack" Lawless defeated 
O'Connell, who advocated the bill before 
the people, and thus so incurred his enmity 
that when John Lawless became a candidate 
for the seat from county ]\Ieath. under the 
later law permitting Catholics to hold office, 
he was opposed and defeated by O'Connell. 

Thomas Lawless married, about 1829, 
Mary Hessian, daughter of Thomas Hessian, 
who died about the time of the birth of her 
only child, Thomas Joseph Lawless. They 
were married at Tuam, county Galway, Ire- 
land, his birthplace, Castlehacket, being near 
that place ; and Thomas Lawless died at New 
Garden, in his native county, aged fifty- 
seven years. 

Thomas Joseph Lawless, son of Thomas 
and Mary (Hessian) Lawless, was born in 
Ireland, and there lived until 1852, when he 
immigrated to the United States, settling 
at Portsmouth, Virginia. On November 24 
of the year of his arrival he departed in the 
Japanese expedition of Commodore Mat- 
thew Calbraith Perry, having entered the 
United States naval service, on that date 
leaving Norfolk, Virginia, as a member of 



172 



\-IRGIKIA BIOGRAPHY 



the crew of the flagship "Powhatan," a side- 
wheeler, then an experiment in naval archi- 
tecture. He returned from that historic ex- 
pedition, which opened Japan to the trade 
of the United States and did much to pro- 
mote favorable feeling toward this country 
elsewhere in the Orient, in 1856, and re- 
ceived an honorable discharge from the 
navy. Subsequently establishing in mercan- 
tile dealings, he was thus engaged until old 
age made imperative his retirement from 
active participation in business, his career 
as a merchant confined to Portsmouth, Vir- 
ginia, where he died in July, 1909. Thomas 
Joseph Lawless, although never entering 
public life as an ofifice-holder, inherited a 
tendency toward active interest in political 
and public affairs, and during the recon- 
struction period lent his able assistance in 
rescuing his city and the state from negro 
domination. His religion was the Roman 
Catholic, and his good works in church 
activity were many. He was appreciated 
in the world of trade as a business man of 
strict principles and unquestioned integrity, 
and all of his transactions were conducted 
along simple, direct lines. 

Thomas Joseph Lawless married, in Ports- 
mouth, Virginia, April 10, 1856, Ellen Xolan, 
who died in Portsmouth, Virginia, Decem- 
ber 14, 1899. She was descended from 
Thomas Nolan, of Ballinrobe, county Mayo, 
Ireland, "Gentleman." (in Irish, Tomhas 
O'hUallachain), who was granted three- 
quarters of land in the Indenture of Com- 
position of that county in 1585, free from 
the Composition rent "in respecte of his 
sufficiencie to act as a Gierke in the said 
countrie," according to the Patent Rolls, 15 
Jac. I., page i. Ellen was a daughter oi 
Lawrence Nolan, born in Ireland, and Eliz- 
abeth (Craddock) Nolan, born in that coun- 
try in 1795. Her mother's sister, Ellen Crad- 
dock, married Edward Goode, and had John, 
James, Mary and Katherine. Elizabeth 
(Craddock) Nolan settled in Portsmouth, 
Virginia, in 1847, and her son James Nolan, 
was an officer on the ram "Manassas," a 
ship of the Confederate States navv, and 
was killed in action, April 26. 1862.' One 
of her grandsons. John Joseph Nolan, is 
superintendent of the Fore River Shipbuild- 
ing Company, of Ouincy. Massachusetts, a 
large and important concern. Children of 
Thomas Joseph and Ellen (Nolan) Lawless 
were fifteen in number, but of these all died 



in infancy with the exception of the follow- 
ing: Mary Ellen, born in Portsmouth, Vir- 
ginia, May 18, 1870, died there September 9, 
1908, and married in that city, February 14, 
T899, Lieutenant Frank Rorschach, United 
States navy, they had two children, Frank 
Jr., and Lawless; Elizabeth Anne, born in 
Portsmouth, Virginia, in 1872, unmarried; 
Joseph Thomas, of whom further. 

Joseph Thomas Lawless, son of Thomas 
Joseph and Ellen (Nolan) Lawless, was 
born in Portsmouth, \'irginia, May 2, 1866, 
and was splendidly educated in the Webster 
Military Institute, of Norfolk, Virginia; St. 
Mary's College, of Belmont, North Caro- 
liria, and at Richmond College, Richmond. 
Virginia. In the first named institution he 
prepared himself for college entrance, at St. 
Mary's took his Master's degree in arts, and 
at Richmond College was graduated a Bach- 
elor of Laws. He had been in practice for 
but a short time when, in 1889, he entered 
public life, and in the quarter of a century 
that has elapsed since that time has been 
almost continuously in high official position, 
in 1909 retiring from the bench of the first 
judicial circuit and returning to private 
practice. From 1889 to 1893 ^Ir. Lawless 
represented the city of Portsmouth and the 
county of Norfolk in the Virginia state sen- 
ate, and in the latter year became secretarv 
of state of Virginia, holding that office for 
four terms of two years each without oppo- 
sition. His four years in the upper house 
of the Virginia legislature were valuable 
training for the places of critical responsi- 
bility he afterward filled, and his long and 
honorable service is but a record of arduous 
and difficult duty ably performed. 

From his appointment in 1908 until his 
elevation to the circuit court bench in 1909 
Mr. Lawless was a member of the military 
staff of the governor of \'irginia, Claude 
A. Swanson, with the rank of colonel. For 
five years, from 1909 to 1914, he was judge 
of the first circuit, and as a jurist duplicated, 
in thoroughness and excellence, his services 
in the executive branch of \^irginia's gov- 
ernment and as a legislator. The records of 
his court show that he disposed of thirteen 
hundred chancery, common law and crimi- 
nal cases during his incumbency on the 
bench, and was reversed in but four in- 
stances, two of which being on questions 
not raised before his court. This record is 
said to be unsurpassed in Virginia. Each 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



173 



department of the state government, legisla- 
ture, executive and judicial, has been graced 
by his participation in its works, and upon 
each has he left the deep imprint of his 
ability and personality, and his return to 
pri\ate practice gives to Norfolk a lawyer 
whose intimacy with his profession could 
not be more close and who pleads his cases 
with the advantage of a familiar knowledge 
of the attitude and viewpoint of the judge 
of the court. The highest degree of legal 
learning is his, and in public and private 
life he is known as a gentleman of high pur- 
pose, strong determinartion, and upright con- 
duct. He returns to private pursuits only 
after having rendered the most distinguished 
of service in offices which, while closely 
linked, require widely dififerent qualities in 
their incumbents. 

It is as judge, however, that he is best 
known. His sense of justice is highly de- 
veloped, and this faculty, with the natural 
acumen of his mind, enabled him as a judi- 
cial officer to detect injustice and penetrate 
speciousness of argument as if by intuition. 
"Obtruding false rules pranked in reason's 
garb," before his court, was a dangerous 
and unsuccessful expedient. He was re- 
markable for the celerity and precision with 
which he dispatched litigated and adminis- 
trative business. The trial docket of his 
court was larger than that of any court in 
the state. It was always crowded at the 
beginning of each monthly term. His 
promptitude and assiduity were such, that 
when he retired from the bench there re- 
mained but a single case undecided. He 
was, also, distinguished for the accuracy of 
his learning in the difficult science of com- 
mon law pleading, as it obtains in the Vir- 
ginia practice. Not one of his decisions was 
ever called in question on matters of that 
nature. His judgment, once pronounced, 
was generally accepted as a precise state- 
ment of the law. 

His leisure hours are devoted to literature 
and music. To his intimates he is known to 
be an accomplished musician and a poet of 
rare power and versatility. He excels in the 
skill with which he writes the Italian and 
French forms of metrical composition, and 
this was a sympathetic bond of union be- 
tween him and his kinswoman, Emily Law- 
less, as long as that accomplished poetess 
lived. 

While secretary of state Mr. Lawless had 



his residence in the capitol city, and in Rich- 
mond was a member of the Westmoreland 
and Commonwealth clubs. In Norfolk he 
belongs to the Virginia Club, and is also a 
member of the Atlantic Club, of Virginia 
Heach, X'irginia, and of the Westover Club. 
Willoughby Spit, V'irginia. His church is 
the Roman Catholic. 

Joseph Thomas Lawless married, at the 
Cathedral, Richmond, X'irginia, Alarie C, 
born in Richmond, Virginia, daughter of 
Dominic and Catherine (Torpie) Antilotti, 
her father a merchant imtil his death. 
William A. Antilotti, of Athens, Georgia, 
is the only other living child of Dominic 
and Catherine (Torpie) Antilotti. Chil- 
dren of Joseph Thomas and Marie C. (An- 
tilotti) Lawless, all unmarried (1914) ; 
(jregory Benedict, born in Portsmouth, 
\'irginia, Alarch 21, 1891 : Katherine Marie, 
born in Portsmouth, Virginia. May 10, 1892; 
Joseph Thomas, Jr., born in Richmond. Vir- 
ginia, July 29, 1894; Margaret Elward, born 
in Norfolk, V'irginia, Alarch 3. 1933 ; Law- 
rence Craddock, born in Norfolk county, 
\'irginia, October 31, 1906; Valentine 
ISrowne, born in Norfolk, Virginia, April 
19, 1908; Edward Kirwan. born in Norfolk, 
\'irginia, August 10, 1910. 

Walter L. McCorkle. Walter Lisle Mc- 
Corkle, a well known attorney of New York, 
was born March 14, 1854, at Lexington, Vir- 
ginia, son of W^illiam Henry and Virginia 
(Wilson) McCorkle. The family is an old 
one in America. Persons of the name came 
to America from the North of Ireland, in 
the early part of the eighteenth century, and 
settled in Virginia, North Carolina, and 
Pennsylvania. A family of the name settled 
in Rockbridge county, Virginia, in 1760, and 
from this branch Walter L. McCorkle is de- 
scended. Many of the family have been dis- 
tinguished in the revolutionary, Mexican 
and civil wars. The ancient form of the 
name in classic Gaelic is MacCorkaill or 
Mac (Th)orkaill, the letter "t" followed by 
an aspirate being silent in Gaelic pronuncia- 
tion. The name is derived from the per- 
sonal name "Torquil" or "Corcaill," which 
is often found as applied to warriors and 
legislators in ancient Gaelic annals, and the 
full surname has the meaning of "the son 
or descendant of Corkaill." The references 
to the family are meagre in ordinary gene- 
alogical annals in Ireland and Scotland, but 



1/4 



\'IR(;iX]A BIOGRAPHY 



there is another family with a sHghtly kin- 
dred naine, Mac Corquodell (in proper 
Gaelic, Mac (Th)orcadail, Mac (Th)orcai- 
deil), which has the right to bear armorial 
insignia, which are thus heraldically de- 
scribed : Ar. a demi stag gu. naissant out 
of a fesse tortilla of the second and first. 
Crest : A stag standing at gaze, attired gu. 
Motto: Fk'at rex. 

Among those of the early generations of 
the family was Samuel Eusebius McCorkle, 
born near Harris' Ferry, Lancaster county. 
Pennsylvania. .August 23, 1746, and died in 
North Carolina, January 21, 181 1. In 1756 
his father removed to Thyatira, North Caro- 
lina, and settled on lands there. Samuel 
assisted in clearing and cultivating the farm 
and was afterwards graduated at Princeton 
in 1772. He studied theology, was licensed 
by the presbytery of New York in 1774, and 
after spending two years in Virginia, ac- 
cepted a call from Thyatira, North Carolina. 
About 1785 he opened a classical school, 
which he called Zion-Parnassus, and which 
continued for ten or twelve years. Ii>3792 
he received the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
from Dickinson. Dr. AlcCorkle published 
sermons. "Discourses on the Terms of Chris- 
tian Communion," and "Discourses on the 
great First Principles of Deism and Revela- 
tion Contrasted" (1797). .Another distin- 
guished member of the family was Lieuten- 
ant John W. McCorkle, who fell at the battle 
of Cowpens in the revolutionary war. He 
was one of the first trustees of Washing- 
ton College. Virginia, now A\'ashington and 
Lee University. 

William Henry McCorkle. son of Samuel 
McCorkle, was a farmer and planter, and 
held many positions of trust and honor in 
the state of Virginia. 

Walter Lisle McCorkle was educated at 
classical preparatory schools in Lexington, 
and at Washington and Lee University, 
from which he received the degree of Bach- 
elor of Laws in 1879. While at college, he 
was president of the Graham- Lee Literary 
Society. Early in life he was occupied in 
teaching, and pursued that line of work for 
several years in Rockbridge county, Vir- 
ginia, and in Mason county, Kentucky. Re- 
turning to \\'ashington and Lee L^niversity, 
he entered the law department, where he re- 
ceived instruction from such eminent pro- 
fessors as Charles A. Graves and Hon. John 
Randolph Tucker, with others. Having 



been admitted to the bar. he began the prac- 
tice of his profession in Mavsville, Ken- 
tucky, where he was identified with many 
important cases, and rapidly gained distinc- 
tion as a lawyer. In 1881 he removed to 
New York City, and became associated with 
the firm of Miller & Peckham, including the 
Hon. Wheeler H. Peckham, one of the most 
prominent attorneys of the city, and was 
subsequently associated with Elliott F. 
Shepherd, another distinguished attorney of 
the metropolis. In these associations he 
acquired valuable e.xperience, and made an 
extensive acquaintance, which paved the 
way for his establishment as an independ- 
ent attorney. He opened an office in the 
Drexel building, and has since given his 
attention chiefly to civil law, making a spe- 
cialty of corporation, real estate and equity 
matters, and his practice has assumed large 
proportions. He has acted as counsel for 
many important business enterprises, includ- 
ing banks, building and loan associations, 
mining companies, the Produce Exchange, 
- the English House of Tattersalls, and vari- 
•ous real estate and industrial enterprises, 
whose success may be attributed in some 
measure to his valuable aid. One of the 
most genial and courteous \'irginians to be 
found in New York. Mr. McCorkle has 
established lasting and valuable friendships, 
and is highly esteemed out of the profession, 
as well as in it. He was one of the founders 
of the Southern Society of New York, of 
which he was four years treasurer and presi- 
dent for two terms, and in which he still 
holds active membership. He was one of 
the organizers of the Produce Exchange 
Building and Loan Association, and acted 
many years as its counsel. He is also a 
member of the Association of the Bar of 
the City of New York, of the Society of 
\'irginians of New York, the Society of 
Kentuckians. and the Sons of the Revolu- 
tion of the state of New York. He was for 
a period of four years president of the Phi 
Kappa Psi fraternity. lAny organization 
which counts Mr. McCorkle among its mem- 
bers may rely upon his earnest and active 
cooperation in the pursuance of its objects. 
In politics he adheres to the principles of 
the Democratic party, and is earnest and 
forceful in the support of those principles. 
He has been a contributor to the "Banking 
Law Journal." and other periodicals, and is 
e(|uall\- efficient as a writer as he is as a 





^^Z^t^^<^£^Cci-^ 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



175 



speaker. Mr. McCorkle is happy in his 
home life, as well as among his associates 
abroad, because of the charm of his personal 
character. He has a handsome residence in 
^\'est Seventy-fourth street. New York. 

He married, in November. 1888. Margaret, 
daughter of Charles A. Chesebrough. A son 
born to this marriage in Bronxville, West- 
chester county. New York, was christened 
Robert Chesebrough, and is now a member 
of the senior class in the school of electrical 
and mechanical engineering, at Lafayette 
College. 

Christopher Browne Garnett is a member 
of the distinguished \irginia family of that 
name, his forebears on both sides of the 
house having been prominent in county and 
state, while he, himself, worthily continues 
their traditions and associations. In the 
possession of his mother's family, the 
Brownes of Mathews county, there has been 
for many years an old plantation typical of 
"Old Dominion" days. "Poplar Grove," as 
it is called, is situated at ^Mathews, Mathews 
county, Virginia, near Chesapeake bay, so 
that the Federal gunboats passing down that 
body of water during the civil war destroyed 
every building on the place and captured 
Christopher Browne, our subject's grand- 
father, who was a member of the secession 
convention and subsequently a member of 
the \'irginia legislature. It was in this his- 
toric and romantic spot that Christopher 
Browne Garnett was born July 30, 1875, 
the son of Griffin Taylor and Ellen Douglas 
( Browne) Garnett. The elder Mr. Garnett 
was a native of Kalamazoo, Essex county, 
Virginia, where he was born October 2, 
1846. He was a cadet at Newmarket and 
was there desperately wounded. He later 
became commonwealth's attorney for Math- 
ews county, was judge of Alathews and 
Middlesex counties for fifteen years and 
circuit judge of the thirteenth judicial cir- 
cuit from 1904 to 1906. To him and his 
wife were born seven children, of whom six 
are still living. His death occurred in Feb- 
ruarv, 1910, and his wife now resides in 
Ginter Park, Richmond. 

Christopher Browne Garnett obtained the 
elementary part of his education at home 
and at private schools, and later went to the 
University of Virginia at Charlottesville, 
from which he graduated in 1898 with the 
degrees of Bachelor of Arts and Master of 



Arts, having in the meanwhile been pro- 
fessor of mathematics for two years at 
Marion Military Institute, Marion, Alabama. 
.\fter the completion- of his course at the 
university, he taught until 1900 at the Belle- 
\ue high school, Bellevue, \'irginia, and 
1901 became dean of the Woman's College 
of Richmond. In 1902, he took up the prac- 
tice of law in Richmond and was appointed 
lecturer in law at the Richmond College 
Law School. Mr. Garnett now holds the 
position of assistant attorney-general of Vir- 
ginia and is also town attorney for the town 
of Ginter Park, a position which he has 
occupied ever since its incorporation. He 
is also a member of the law firm of Cabell, 
Garnett & Cabell. Mr. Garnett was for two 
\ears associate editor of the "Virginia Law 
Register" and was co-editor of Waddey's 
"Guide to Magistrates." He was the anno- 
tator of the criminal code of Virginia 
(1904). He is a Democrat in politics and 
is a member of the Lewis Ginter Lodge, 
No. 317, Free and Accepted Masons, in 
which organization he held the office of mas- 
ter in 1913. He is a member of the Church 
of the Disciples of Christ. 

Mr. Garnett was married, September 7, 

1905, at St. Stephens, King and Queen 
county, \'irginia, to Katherine Ryland, a 
native of that place, and daughter of John 
and Lavinia ( Brown ) Ryland (both de- 
ceased I. To Mr. and Mrs. Garnett have 
been born two children : Christopher 
Browne Garnett Jr., born December 23, 

1906, and Griffin Taylor Garnett HI., born 
;\Iay 29. 1909. 

William M. Murrell. Prominent among 
the old and highly esteemed families of Vir- 
ginia is the Murrell family, its connection 
with the state dating back to its early his- 
tory, and during the intervening years the 
members in the various generations have 
aided in every worthy project calculated to 
advance the interests of the communities in 
which they have resided. 

(II) Thomas ]\Iurrell, son of William 
Alurrell, was one of the first settlers of Vir- 
ginia, and endured bra^•ely the hardships 
incident to pioneer life. He married Eliza- 
beth Oliver, who bore him seven children: 
Alary, Jeffrey, Thomas, Elizabeth, William, 
of whom further ; Drury, Cornelius. 

(III) William (2) Murrell, third son of 
Thomas and Elizabeth (Oliver) Murrell, 



1/6 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



was born in Goochland county, Virginia, 
was reared and educated in his native place, 
and there spent his entire active career. He 
married Frances Pryor Smith, who bore 
him eight children : Mary, Thomas. Eliza- 
beth, William. Jeffrey, Judith, Drury, James, 
of whom further. 

(IV) James Murrell, youngest son of 
William (2) and Frances Murrell, was born 
in \'irginia, received a practical education 
in the common schools of the day, after 
which he became a tobacco planter, fol- 
lowing this occupation in Lunenburg county, 
A'irginia, where he resided. He married 
Milly Estes, and they were the parents of 
one son, James, of whom further. 

(V) Major James (2) Murrell, son of 
James (i) and Milly (Estes) Murrell, was 
born on the home place, in Lunenburg 
county, Virginia. November 27, 1781. died 
December 25, 1859. He inherited his father's 
property, and settled at "Seneca Hill,'' 
Campbell county, Virginia. He served in 
the war of 1812, and later was elected major 
of militia forces of the state, in which capac- 
ity he rendered valuable service. He mar- 
ried (first) Obedience Rudd, who died 
May 16, 1816. He married (second) June 
4, 1818, Nancy Cobbs. who died June 
II, 1855; she was the daughter of John 
Cobbs, of Hat Creek, Campbell county, Vir- 
ginia. Children by first marriage: i. Louise 
Rudd, born February 2, 1806, died in 1885- 
86. 2. Mary Ann Mildred, born September 
15, 1807, died June 27, 1820. 3. James W. 
R.. born May i, 1809. died at Eldorado. 
Arkansas. 4. Thomas Rudd, born October 
29, 181 1, died in Arkansas, March 18. 1846; 
was educated at the University of Virginia 
and became a successful educator. 5. Rufus 
Albert, born December 4, 1813, died at 
"Seneca Hill," May 16, 1880; was a success- 
ful educator. 6. Obedience ^Margaret, born 
May 12, 1816; married, December 23, 1858. 
Michael Tribble ; died November 12, 1896. 
Children by second marriage : 7. Sarah Eliz- 
abeth, born April 23, 1819. died July 27. 
1850. 8. John Cobbs, of whom further. 9. 
Charles Cobbs, born March 22, 1822 ; mar- 
ried a Mrs. Robinson, a widow, who bore 
him four children: Frances, James A., Eve- 
lyn. 10. Martha Jane, born March i, 1824; 
married, December 30, 1857, Samuel M. 
Smithson ; children: Charles C. S., and 
Nanie, married Charles Gitt, of Danville, 
Virginia. 11. Susan Estes, born December 



17, 1825 ; married, December 16, 1842, 
Charles T. Jones, by whom she had a num- 
ber of children ; removed to Alissouri. 12. 
Evelyn Frances, born ]\i«irch 7. 1828; mar- 
ried G. A. Dinwiddle, and had one son, 
Thomas P., who married a Miss Garbee. 
13. Julia Ann. born July 10, 1830, died Janu- 
ary 26. 1878, unmarried, at Rustburg, Vir- 
ginia. 14. ^^'alter Scott, born September 
27, 1833, died January 4. 1849. 

(VI) John Cobbs Murrell, son of Major 
James (2) and Nancy (Cobbs) Murrell. was 
born at Cole's Ferry, Charlotte county, Vir- 
ginia, September 6, 1820, died in Campbell 
county, June 6, 1879. He had the advantage 
of being educated by his brother, Thomas 
Rudd IMurrell, an accomplished scholar and 
successful educator. Being well grounded 
in the classics, his services were solicited 
as tutor in the family of John Henry, oldest 
son of Patrick Henry, of "Red Hill," Vir- 
ginia. He went to "Red Hill" in 1S41 and 
taught the younger members of ]\Ir. Henry's 
family for a number of years. He then 
studied law and was admitted to the bar of 
Campbell county, where he entered upon 
legal practice, and continued with unvaried 
success along the same line for the remain- 
der of his life. He served in the capacity 
of commonwealth attorney from 1865 until 
his death, a period of almost a decade and 
a half. He was held in high esteem by his 
fellow citizens, occupying a prominent posi- 
tion, his advice and counsel being eagerly 
sought and followed. He married, IVIarch, 
1850, Cornelia Frances Smithson. born June 
10, 1827, died October 10, 1888, daughter of 
Samuel Jr. and Frances (Triplettl Smith- 
son. Children: i. Edgar A., born Septem- 
ber 16, 185 1 ; married Charlotte Davies : 
they moved west, and had the following 
children : Cornelia, married (first) a Mr. 
Field, (second) a Mr. Funk; William 
Davies. died unmarried. 2. \\'alter Trip- 
lett, born at Rustburg. Campbell county, 
\^irginia. May 5, 1853 ■ farmer, and resides 
in Campbell county : married Mary Lee. 3. 
William M., of whom further. 4. John 
Cobbs Jr., born February 25. 1861 ; married 
a Miss Valentine, of Cumberland, Marvland. 

(VII) William M. INfurrell, son of' John 
Cobbs and Cornelia Frances (Smithson) 
Murrell. was born in Rustburg, Campbell 
county, Virginia, .\ugust 20, 1854. He was 
reared in his native place, and received his 
literary education at Charles L. C. Minor's 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



177 



Classical and Commercial College at Lynch- 
burg, and Roanoke College. Salem. Virginia, 
graduating from the latter institution in the 
class of 1874. He subsequently took a two 
year course at the law school of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1876 at Rustburg circuit court. He 
immediately entered upon the active prac- 
tice of his profession in Rustburg, continu- 
ing until 1892, in which year he removed to 
Lynchburg, opening an office there, though 
continuing his residence in Campbell county, 
and at the present time (1914) has an office 
in the Krise building, Lynchburg, his prac- 
tice being both extensive and representa- 
tive, owing to the fact that he possesses all 
the attributes of a successful lawyer, integ- 
rity of character, the judicial instinct, and a 
lare appreciation of the two sides of every 
question. Mr. Murrell succeeded his father 
as commonwealth attorney of Campbell 
county, holding that office from July i, 1879, 
until July i, 1912, one of the longest known 
terms in the county, a fact which testified 
to his efficiency and popularity. He also 
served one term in the state legislature, 
1893 and 1894. He is a Democrat in poli- 
tics, and a Methodist in religion, being 
affiliated with the Court Street Methodist 
Church of Lynchburg. 

Mr. Murrell married, November 21, 1883, 
'Flora Scott Withers, daughter of Colonel 
Robert W. and Blanche (Payne) Withers, 
the former named having served during the 
civil war in the Forty-second Virginia In- 
fantry, Confederate Army. Children of Mr. 
and Mrs. Murrell: i. Arthur K., born Feb- 
ruary 13, 1885; married India Price, daugh- 
ter of Robert and Mary (St. Clair) Price. 
2. William M. Jr., born June 30, 1886; un- 
married. 3. Frances Payne, born January 
20, 1888; unmarried. 4. Robert Woodson 
Withers, born January 10, 1890; married, 
January 3, 1914, Ruth Hancock, daughter of 
Edwin A. and Eva (Chamblin) Hancock. 5. 
Dandridge, born August 19, 1892. 

Julian Meade. In addition to the making 
of a large amount of Virginia history, the 
Meade family also furnished one of the 
prominent writers for its preservation, 
Bishop Meade, who in his "Old Churches" 
and other works, has rendered a most valu- 
able service. 

The American ancestor, Andrew Meade, 
viR— 12 



came from England and founded a family 
that has ever been prominent in every de- 
partment of Virginia life. Meades were 
soldiers in the revolution ; were officers 
serving with General Washington and Gen- 
eral Lincoln, and enjoying as well their per- 
sonal friendship. The war of 1812 also 
found them in official rank and in the war 
between the states they were found wear- 
ing both the gray and the blue. In the pro- 
fessions they have also been eminent — 
medicine, the law and the church claiming 
many of the name, north and south. In the 
latter section the principal seat of the family 
was in and around Richmond, but descend- 
ants of the emigrant are found in every sec- 
tion. This particular branch of the family 
is now represented in Danville, Virginia, by 
Julian Aleade, son Dr. Hodijah Baylies 
Meade, whose short, though useful and bril- 
liant life, was spent in the practice of his 
profession, amid the scenes of war, and after 
peace came to Danville. 

Andrew Meade came to Virginia from 
New York, arriving in that state from Eng- 
land prior to the year 1700. He married, 
and came to Virginia, settling at the head 
of navigation on the Nansemond river. He 
was for many years a member of the house 
of burgesses, a judge of the courts and 
senior colonel of Virginia militia. His son 
David inherited his estate at the death of 
Andrew Meade in 1745. David Meade mar- 
ried, in 1729, Susanna Everard, and had a 
son Everard, who was educated at Harrow, 
England. He served in the revolutionary 
war, holding the rank of general by com- 
mission, attached to the staff of General 
Lincoln. His brother, Richard Kidder 
Meade, was the father of Bishop Meade, of 
previous mention. General Everard Meade 
married Mary, daughter of John Thornton. 

Hodijah Meade, son of General Everard 
and Mary (Thornton) Meade, was an ex- 
tensive landowner and planter ; an officer in 
the war of 1812-14; a Democrat in politics, 
and a devout churchman. He married Jane, 
daughter of Thomas Rutherfoord, of Rich- 
mond. Children : William Everard, Thomas 
Rutherfoord, Joseph Peyton, John Ruther- 
foord, Edward, Benjamin, Edwin, Alexan- 
der, Hodijah Baylies, Sallie Rutherfoord, 
Jane Maria, Edmonia. 

Dr. Hodijah Baylies Meade, son of Hodi- 
jah and Jane (Rutherfoord) Meade, was 



178 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



born in Amelia county, Virginia, March 2, 
1838, died in Danville, Virginia, in 1875. 
He was a graduate of Virginia Military 
Institute, the University of \'irginia, and 
the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania, receiving from the latter 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He fin- 
ished at the University of Pennsylvania 
about the time of the outbreak of hostilities 
between the states and at once joined the 
Confederate army, serving as both field and 
hospital surgeon under different command- 
ers until the surrender at Appomattox. He 
spared not himself and his four years of pro- 
fessional service, privation and overwork 
undermined his constitution and contributed 
largely to his early demise. After the war 
ended he located in Danville and there prac- 
ticed his profession until his death, twelve 
years later. He was a man of brilliant mind, 
deep learning, loved his profession and fol- 
lowed it devotedly. He possessed a charm- 
ing personality and great consideration for 
others, these being marked characteristics. 
He married, in 1865, Mary Opie, died Octo- 
ber 21, 1893, daughter of Hiram Opie, of 
Staunton, Virginia, who moved from Jeffer- 
son county, X'irgini^. to that city to educate 
his children. He was a son of Hierone Lind- 
say Opie, of Jefferson county, Virginia, a 
direct descendant of Right Rev. Da\id Lind- 
say, D. D.. Bishop of Ross, and American 
representative of the Church of England in 
the early part of the seventeenth century. 
Bishop Lindsay was a descendant of Robert 
II., of Scotland, through the Princess Cath- 
erine, daughter of the king, who married 
David Lindsay, earl of Crawford. Hanson 
Lindsay (2) Opie represented Clark and 
Jefferson counties in the Virginia senate for 
several years. He met his death by accident 
while engaged in drilling a company which 
he was organizing to enter the Confederate 
army, was thrown from his horse and fatally 
injured. He married Nannie Locke, of 
Scotch descent, who bore him four children, 
one yet living, Dr. Thomas Opie, of Balti- 
more, Maryland. 

Children of Dr. H. B. Meade: Julian, of 
whom further ; Edmund Baylies, born De- 
cember 3, 1867, now in the real estate and 
insurance business in Danville ; Eugene, 
born in 1869, died at the age of twenty-six 
years; Randolph, born in 1871, now a leaf 
tobacco dealer of Danville. 

Julian Meade, eldest son of Dr. Hodijah 



Baylies and Mary (Opie) Meade, was born 
in Augusta county, near Staunton, Virginia, 
November 4, 1865. He was educated in the 
l^ublic schools, and in several private schools 
of Danville, overcoming all difficulties that 
rendered it difficult to obtain an education, 
and finally was graduated in all branches of 
the law from the University of Virginia, 
class of 1891. The law was his personal 
preference as a profession and his prepara- 
tion for practice was most thorough ; while 
he absorbed with interest all branches of 
study, history, special and general meta- 
physics were branches he found most help- 
ful in fitting him for his life work. After 
leaving the university, he at once began 
practice in Danville, Virginia, and during 
the time which has since elapsed he has be- 
come one of the leading men in his profes- 
sion in that city. He has a large practice, 
both corporate and private, in all state and 
federal courts of his district. He is a mem- 
ber of the law associations of his county and 
state, and of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of the Epiphany of Danville. De- 
voted to his profession, he has formed no 
ties that would interfere with absolute in- 
dependence in practice, but has with a 
public-spirited interest contributed his full 
share to the upbuilding of his city. His 
days "off duty" are spent in the sports of 
forest and stream, hunting and fishing dur-- 
ing the open season being his favorite recre- 
ations. True to the strictest code of ethics 
of his profession and guided by the prin- 
ciples of truth and honor, Mr. Meade has 
gained and holds the respect of brethren of 
the profession, while as a citizen he has been 
true to the best traditions of his distin- 
guished family. He is connected with the 
management of both Country clubs of Dan- 
ville, the Tuscarora Club, and with his entire 
family communes with the congregation of 
the Church of the Epiphany, the only Epis- 
copal church in Danville. 

Mr. Meade married, September 4, 1893, 
Bessie Edmunds Bouldin, born in Danville, 
Virginia, in 1872, daughter of Edwin E. and 
Lucy Lyne (Edmunds) Bouldin. For nearly 
half a century, 1865-1912, Edwin E. Bouldin 
was a prominent lawyer of Danville. Dur- 
ing the entire war, 1861-65, he served as cap- 
tain of the Charlotte County Troop, Ninth 
\''irginia Cavalry, rendering valiant and effi- 
cient service. The troop led by Captain 
Bouldin made the last charge of the war. 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



179 



while the terms of surrender were benig 
considered, and returned from the charge 
with two brass guns wrested from Sheri- 
dan's troopers. At one period the command 
of the regiment was entrusted to Captain 
Bouldin, who as its commander acquitted 
himself with honor. His father was a con- 
gressman from Virginia prior to the war. 
The only child of Julian and Bessie E. 
(Bouldin) Meade, is Edwin Baylies Meade, 
born October 30, 1896, now a student in the 
Danville School for Boys. 

Luther R. Britt. Through the marriage 
of Exum Britt to a daughter of Benjamin 
and Eliza (Porter) Riddick, his children 
trace to Edward III.. King of Kngland, who 
had by his wife, Philippa, 

Prince John, of Gaunt, K. G., duke of Lan- 
caster, who had 

Lady Joan, of Beaufort, who married Sir 
Ralph Nevill, K. G., who was grandfather 
to Richard Nevill, earl of Warwick, the king 
maker, and King Edward IV. and Richard 
III. The Nevills were descended from the 
earl of Northumberland and his wife, Al- 
gina, daughter of King Ethelred. Sir Ralph 
Nevill was first earl of West Moreland. He 
and his wife had 

Sir Edward Nevill, K. G., lord of Aber- 
gavenny, who had 

Sir George Nevill, Knt., second lord of 
Abergavenny, who had 

Sir George Nevill, K. B., third lord of 
Abergavenny, who had 

Lady Ursula Nevill, who married Sir War- 
ham St. Ledger, who had 

Lady Anne or Agnes St. Ledger, who died 
in 1636, aged eighty-one years. She married 
Thomas Digges, of Digges Court, in Kent, 
England, son of Leonard Digges, of Woot- 
ton Court, county of Kent, England, son of 
Jacob Digges, of Barham. who married 
Philippa, his second wife, the daughter of 
Engham, of Chart, the celebrated mathe- 
matician ; Jacob Digges was a son of John 
Digges, who married Joanna, daughter of 
Gervasius Clifton, a soldier ; John Digges 
was a son of John Digges, who married 
Joanna, daughter of Mauritius Brume, a 
soldier ; John Digges was a son of John 
Digges, who married Juliana, a sister and 
heiress of Jacob Home, an armor bearer ; 
John Digges was a son of Roger Digges, 
who married Albina, daughter and heiress 
of Roger Norwood, a soldier ; Roger Digges 



was a son of Thomas Digges, a clergyman, 
who married Agnes de Sandrino ; Thomas 
Digges was a son of John, the son of Roger, 
of Alildenhal, who was called Digges, and 
who in the reign of Henry HI., bought an 
estate called Bonwitu in Cantuaria, where 
he was buried. Leonard Digges, afore- 
mentioned, was famous for his mathematical 
learning ; he married Bridget, daughter of 
Thomas Wilford, Esq.; he died in 1574. 
Thomas Digges, aforementioned, died Au- 
gust 24, 1595. The following is from his 
tomb. No. 1506, in the north side of the 
chancel of the Church of St. Mary, Alder- 
manbury, London, England, translated from 
the Latin: "Here lieth in an assured hope 
should rise in Christ, Thomas Digges, Esq., 
some time Muster-Master General of the 
English army in the Low Countries ; a man 
zealously affected to true religion, was dis- 
creet, courteous, faithful to his friends and 
of rare knowledge in geometry, astrology, 
and other mathematical sciences ; who fin- 
ished his transitory life with a happy end 
in Anno Dom. 1595. 'That the dead might 
live Christ died'." The following is from 
the same tomb : "To Agnes, wife to Thomas 
Digges, Esq., daughter of George Nevil, 
Lord of Abergaveny, by whom the said 
Thomas had issue, Dudley, his sonne and 
Heyre; Leonard, his second sonne, and Mar- 
garett and Ursula, besides, William and 
Mary, who died young." 

Sir Dudley Digges, son of Thomas and 
Lady Anne or Agnes Digges, was born in 
1583, died in 1639. He was master of the 
rolls in 1619; he erected Chilham castle, in 
Kent, and an engraving of the castle, made 
in 1777, shows it to have been a grand place ; 
on the margin of the picture are the family 
crest (an eagle's claw) and coat-of-arms, 
viz. : A shield with three storks or herons. 
Sir Dudley Digges was a member of the 
London Company for colonizing Virginia. 
He married Lady Mary, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Kempe, knight of Clantigh, Kent, 
and had 

Hon. Edward Digges, born 1620, young- 
est son, had an interest in the Virginia- 
London Company, and served as colonial 
governor of the Virginia colony from March 
30, 1655, to March 13, 1658, when he went 
to England as one of the agents of the colony, 
and served as a member of the governor's 
council from November 22, 1654, until his 
death, March 15. 1675. His tomb was in 



i8o 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



existence up to the time of the civil war, at 
his seat, "Belleville." on York river, near 
Williamsburg, Virginia. He married Eliz- 
abeth Braye, who bore him six sons and 
seven daughters, of whom, 

Dudley Digges, of "Bellefield," born in 
1663. died January 27, 1710. He was coun- 
cilor and auditor of Virginia colony. He 
married Susannah, daughter of William 
Cole, of "Denbigh," \\'arwick county, Vir- 
ginia. She died December 9, 1708, aged 
thirty-four years. They had 

Hon. Cole Digges, of "Bellefield," born in 
1691, died in 1774. He was president of the 
Virginia council, having been connected 
with the same for many years. He married 
and had three sons, to whom he left vast 
estates, as is shown by his will recorded 
at Williamsburg, Virginia, then the metro- 
polis of the state. His children w^re : i. 
Mary, who died November 12, 1744, aged 
twenty-seven years ; married Nathaniel 
Harrison, of "Brandon," Prince George 
county, Virginia, and was the grandmother 
of George Evelyn Harrison, of "Lower 
Brandon," on the James, and William Byrd 
Harrison, of "Upper Brandon," on the 
James. 2. Susannah, married, August 23, 
1739, Major Benjamin Harrison, son of 
Nathaniel Harrison, of Wakefield. 3. Colo- 
nel Edward, of "Bellefield," died a bachelor. 
4. William, of whom further. 5. Dudley, 
who was a member of the Virginia 
committee of correspondence with the 
old colonies about their grievances in 
1773, and member of the convention of colo- 
nies in 1776; married (first) a Miss Armi- 
stead, and (second) a Miss W^ormley, of 
Rosegill, and had children : Cole, Dudley, 
Mrs. Burwell, a daughter who married a 
Mr. Stratton, a daughter who married a Mr. 
Digges, a daughter who married a Mr. Nich- 
olson, and another daughter who married a 
Nicholson. 

William Digges, son of Hon. Cole Digges, 
was a resident of Fauquier county, Virginia, 
and member of the great convention of 1776. 
He married and had children: i. William, 
of whom further. 2. Dudley, married Louisa 
Digges. 3. Thomas, of Fauquier county, 
Virginia. 4. Edward, of Fauquier county, 
Virginia. 5. A daughter, married a iMr. 
Powell, of Petersburg, Virginia. 6. Daugh- 
ter, married a Mr. Fitzhugh, of Fauquier 
county, Virginia. 

William Digges, son of William Digges, 



married his cousin, Elizabeth Digges, and 
their daughter Frances married William 
Sumner, and their daughter, Eliza Digges 
Sumner, married Timothy Porter, and their 
daughter, Eliza Porter, married Benjamin 
Riddick, as mentioned in the first paragraph. 

Britton Britt, the ancestor of the Britt 
family herein recorded, was a wealthy 
planter and slave holder of the Isle of Wight 
county, Virginia. His wife, Jennie Britt, 
was one of the noted beauties of her day. 
Among their children was Exum, of whom 
further. 

Exum Britt, son of Britton and Jennie 
Britt, married Miranda Joyner, and among 
their children was Exum, of whom further. 

Exum (2) Britt, son of Exum (i) and 
Miranda Britt, was born February 8, 1831, 
in Isle of Weight county, Virginia. He was 
educated at boarding school, and began 
business life as a clerk. Later he engaged 
in business for himself as a lumber dealer. 
He served in the Confederate army as cap- 
tain in the Sixteenth Virginia Regiment, 
Mahone's brigade, and after three years' 
service resigned on account of physical dis- 
ability. On his return to business life Cap- 
tain Britt located in Suffolk, Virginia, and 
there engaged in business, continuing very 
successfully until 1903, when he retired. He 
is a resident of Suffolk at the present time 
(1914) and, although in his eighty-fourth 
year, is an ardent devotee of rod and line. 
He was a member of the Suffolk school 
board thirty-two years, was for many years 
chairman, and has ever been a loyal friend 
of the public school system. He is a mem- 
ber of the official board of the Suffolk Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, South. Pie is prom- 
inent in the Masonic order, and also belongs 
to the Knights of Pythias. He has lived an 
honorable and useful life, and is held in high 
esteem in the community of which he has 
so long been a member. 

Mr. Britt married (first) in 1855, Eudora 
Riddick, born in 1834, died in 1865, three 
days after the birth of her fourth child, 
Luther R., of whom further. Mr. Britt mar- 
ritd (second) Ellen Custine Riddick, sister 
of his first wife, daughters of Benjamin and 
Eliza (Porter) Riddick, aforementioned. 
Children of first marriage: i. Eliza (Lizzie) 
Porter, a teacher of mathematics ; resides 
in Suffolk with her father ; unmarried. 2. 
Lee, educated in Suffolk schools, later at- 
tended a military school in Fauquier county. 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



I8l 



Virginia, and pursued a course of study in 
the law department of the University of 
Virginia ; now a practicing lawyer of Suf- 
folk ; married Lula Vanderslice Ivey. 3. 
Sydney, secretary and treasurer of a coal 
company in West Virginia. 4. Luther R., 
of whom further. Children of second mar- 
riage : 5. Eudora Custine, a teacher, unmar- 
ried. 6. Anna Benton, who became the wife 
of Alexander Alyrick ; children : Britt and 
Theodore. 7. Dudley Digges, a civil and 
mining engineer, who married Flora Cam- 
den Bailey. 8. Thurman, who died at the 
age of twenty-six years. 9. Frances Louise. 
ID. Benjamin Riddick, a student of the Vir- 
ginia Polytechnic Institute, now a civil and 
mining engineer. 

Luther R. Britt, youngest child of Exum 
(2) and Eudora (Riddick) Britt, was born 
in Sufifolk. \'irginia, October 18, 1865. He 
was educated in private schools and the Suf- 
folk Military Academy. He located in Nor- 
folk, Virginia, and was actively identified 
with its business and property interests, 
being engaged for a number of years in the 
wholesale grocery business and later as a 
real estate and bond broker. Mr. Britt mar- 
ried, December 16, 1890, Bessie, daughter of 
John and Susan A. (Lumsden) Peters. 
Child, Margaret Lumsden. 

John Benjamin Pinder. On paternal lines 
Mr. Pinder is of early Georgia ancestr}', and 
on the maternal side is a direct descendant 
of John Adam Treutlen, governor of 
Georgia, one of the foremost revolutionists 
of that state. He was a member of the first 
provincial Congress of Georgia, which met 
in Savannah. July 4, 1775, and the promi- 
nence of his activit}' in the cause of independ- 
ejice may be measured from the fact that 
he was described as a "rebel governor" by 
act of the royal government in 1780. He 
was elected governor of Georgia, May 8, 
1777, over Button Gwinnett, a signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, by a large 
majority. The circumstances of his death 
are not known, but the belief is that he 
was murdered by Tories at Orangeburg, 
South Carolina. 

(I) John Benjamin Binder's paternal 
revolutionary ancestor is Joseph William 
Pinder, a cotton planter, who fought in the 
colonial army, a patriot strong and true. 

(H) Joseph \\'illiam (2) Pinder, son of 
Joseph William (i) Pinder, was born on 



Wilmington Island, near Savannah, Georgia, 
in the Savannah river, in 1833, died in 1903. 
His early life was passed in the place of his 
birth, and he was there educated. In young 
manhood he became identified with the ser- 
vice of the Georgia Central Railroad, and 
rose to high position in the road. In such 
great favor was he held b}- the officials there- 
of that at the outbreak of the war in 1861, 
when he announced his intention of leaving 
for the front, the president of the road at- 
tempted to dissuade him, arguing that his 
services were of such great value to the 
road that he could best serve the Confeder- 
ate government by remaining at his post 
and directing the use of the campany's prop- 
erty for government purposes. Mr. Pinder, 
however, was not to be turned from his 
original purpose, and he enlisted in the 
Savannah Volunteer Guards, serving 
throughout the four years' struggle. For 
the ten vears prior to his death, which oc- 
curred in Richmond, he was a farmer and 
dairyman of Henrico county, owning and 
cultivating land just outside of the limits of 
the city of Richmond. He married, about 
1867, Adelaide, born in Powhatan county, 
Virginia, daughter of Peter and Susan 
(Spears) Ellett, his first wife a Miss Turner, 
of Savannah. Georgia, who bore him one 
daughter, Susie, married a ]\Ir. Harris. Chil- 
dren of Joseph William (2) and Adelaide 
(Ellett) Pinder: Hattie E.. married W. R. 
Allen : Joseph \\'illiam Jr., deceased ; Oc- 
tavia, married L. F. Hudson ; Annie, married 
Oscar High ; John Benjamin, of whom fur- 
ther ; \\''alter Spears ; Bena T., married Cole- 
man Johnston ; Catherine Belle, married 
Robert L. Rand. 

(HI) John Benjamin Pinder, son of 
Joseph William (2) and Adelaide (Ellett) 
Pinder, was born in Goochland county, Vir- 
ginia, August 7, 1873. When he was one 
year old his parents moved from the home 
at Cedar Point to Powhatan county, and 
here he first attended public school at the 
age of fourteen years going with his par- 
ents to Henrico county. Although his active 
business career began in Richmond when 
he was sixteen years of age, his studies were 
not completed until afterward, when he fin- 
ished a business course in a Richmond com- 
mercial college. His first connection was 
with hardware dealing, and in this he has 
since remained, in 1901 establishing the 
Virginia-Carolina Hardware Company, be- 



l82 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



coming its executive head. Mr. Pinder is 
president of the company at the present 
time, \\'. S. Pinder. vice-president, H. G. 
Ellett, secretary and treasurer, and J. S. 
Ellett, Jr.. assistant secretary and treasurer. 
The salesrooms and warehouse of the con- 
cern are in Richmond, and the Virginia- 
Carolina Hardware Company holds promi- 
nent place among the largest enterprises in 
its line in the state. JMr. Pinder is also 
president of the Richmond Buggy Manu- 
facturing Company, and is on the directorate 
of the Richmond Chamber of Commerce. 
He is a progressive, energetic business man, 
head of two of Richmond's thriving busi- 
nesses, and takes more than a passive inter- 
est in securing to the city the industrial and 
commercial importance it has long held. 
His political party is the Democratic, and 
although never the candidate of his party 
for public office he is active in its councils. 
His fraternal society is the Masonic order, 
his clubs the Rotary, Westmoreland, Coun- 
try, and Business Men's, and he is a com- 
municant of the Presbyterian church. 

Mr. Pinder married, at Louisa Court 
House, Virginia, June 28, 1906, Helen Hast- 
ing, born in Louisa county, Virginia, Au- 
gust 29, 1878, daughter of Colonel \\'illiam 
A. Winston, and his wife, Lucy (Payne) 
Winston, born in Goochland county, now 
residing in Louisa county, Virginia. Col. 
William A. Winston served during the four 
years of the war between the states ; was 
wounded and confined in a Northern prison. 
He died in 1908, aged seventy years. Mr. 
and Mrs. Pinder are the parents of: John 
Benjamin Jr., born September 10, 1908; 
Lucy Payne, born January 25, 1912. 

Judge William Bruce Martin. In succeed- 
ing generations of the family ot Manm, 
numbering men who have held prominent 
and important position in all walks of life, 
no single figure stands out in honorable 
relief more plainly than does that of Gen- 
eral James Green Martin, father of Judge 
William Bruce Martin, of Norfolk, Virginia, 
a present day representative of his family. 
A graduate of West Point, General Martin, 
then a second lieutenant, won fame and pro- 
motion in the war with Alexico, sacrificing 
an arm in the struggle, and afterward, under 
the flag of the Confederate States of Amer- 
ica, added to his reputation as a brave sol- 
dier and gallant officer, rising to the rank 



of brigadier-general. His record places him 
among the heroes of the war between the 
states, and constitutes a chapter in the his- 
tory of the line of Martin that brings to the 
name distinction and honor. His son. Judge 
William Bruce Martin, judge of the Nor- 
folk court of law and chancery, has won for 
the family name eminence in legal circles, 
and in peace has performed works useful 
and enduring, with the fidelity and zeal that 
won for his father front rank among the 
military leaders of the Confederacy. 

Despite the fact that Judge \\'illiam Bruce 
Martin is a native of Delaware and that his 
father. General James Green Martin, owned 
North Carolina as his birthplace, the family 
is one of Virginia, and in this state Dr. Wil- 
liam Martin, grandfather of Judge William 
Bruce Martin, was born. Dr. William Alar- 
ton, who was a son of James Green Martin 
and Susanna (Bruce) Martin, of Virginia, 
was a member of the medical profession, but 
had also numerous business and public inter- 
ests, so that his activity in his profession 
was somewhat curtailed by his other respon- 
sibilities. He moved from Virginia to Eliza- 
beth City, North Carolina, where he prac- 
ticed medicine, owned a plantation and su- 
pervised its cultivation, was a well known 
shipbuilder, represented his district in the 
state legislature, and was a general officer 
of the state troops of North Carolina, in 
which state he passed his mature years. 
Dr. William Martin married Sophia Dauge, 
and had issue: Charles P., James Green, of 
whom further, William F., Robert Bruce, 
Susan, Margaret and Sophia. 

General James Green Martin, son of Dr. 
William and Sophia (Dauge) Martin, was 
born at Elizabeth City, Pasquotank county. 
North Carolina, February 14, 1819, and died 
in 16/6. His career was a story of service 
under two flags, to both of which he yielded 
earnest and sincere devotion. After pre- 
liminary study at St. Mary's School, in Ra- 
leigh, North Carolina, he became a student 
at West Point, entering that institution in 
July, 1836, many of his friends and class- 
mates of that time his allies of one war, 
his enemies of the next. Graduating in 
July, 1840, General Martin was commis- 
sioned a second lieutenant in the First Regi- 
ment of Artillery, and after garrison duty 
and a short time in the field on the Canadian 
frontier, during the controversy with Eng- 
land concerning the Maine and New Bruns- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



183 



wick boundaries, reported with his battery, 
Taylor's, to General Taylor, at Brownsville, 
Texas, for duty on the Rio Grande, war 
being declared with Mexico, May 12, 1846. 
From this time until the battle of Cheru- 
busco, August 20, 1847. he was in active 
service. In this encounter his right arm was 
severed by a grape-shot while his battery 
was hotly engaged with the enemy, which 
was strongly entrenched behind stone walls, 
pierced for musketry and artillery, but de- 
spite the shock, he formally gave Jackson 
command of the battery and rode unassisted 
from the field. He was breveted major after 
this battle, his commission reading "For 
Gallant and Meritorious Conduct at the 
Battles of Contreras and Cherubusco." 
While this exhibition of fortitude and pluck 
won the admiration of his mei;i, it was dur- 
ing the three days' assault on Monterey, 
September 21. 22 and 2^, 1846, that General 
Martin, then a second lieutenant, gained his 
highest place in the affections of his men. 
At this assault he was in command of the 
battery, "Stonewall" Jackson second in com- 
mand, and distinguished himself by fight- 
ing his guns through to the Plaza, clearing 
the houses of the enemy's riflemen as he 
went and arriving before the infantrymen 
advancing up converging streets. The pride 
of the artillery branch of the service over 
this achievement was so great that General 
Martin was ever after known in his old 
regiment as the "Man of Monterey." 

After his discharge from the hospital in 
the city of Alexico after the close of the 
war. General Martin was transferred to the 
stafif, appointed assistant quartermaster, and 
was stationed first in the east and later in 
the west, located at Fort Riley in the ter- 
ritory of Kansas when the political situation 
became so strained that the secession of the 
southern states from the Union began. 
When the news of the decision of North 
Carolina arrived at distant Fort Riley, Gen- 
eral Martin, by training and conviction a 
believer in "State's Rights," forwarded his 
resignation from the army of the United 
States to Washington, and started upon his 
long journey to Raleigh to offer his sword 
to his native state and his services to the 
cause his sword upheld. The severance of 
old ties was no easy task, and bitter was 
the furling of the well loved flag, but con- 
science, obeying her insistent master, duty. 



offered soothing balm in the realization of a 
righteous decision. 

Upon his arrival in Raleigh, General 
Martin immediately called upon Governor 
Ellis and tendered his services in any 
capacity in which he could serve the state. 
He was given his late rank in the United 
States army, that of major, and was ap- 
pointed adjutant-general of the force of ten 
thousand volunteers known as the "State 
Troops of North Carolina," then mobilizing 
at the capital under act of the legislature of 
May 10. In this office he devoted himself 
to the arming, equipping, drilling, and dis- 
ciplining of this body of men until he took 
charge of all the troops of the state by 
commission from the governor, under act of 
the legislature of September 20, empower- 
ing the governor to appoint "an adjutant 
and inspector general with the rank of 
major general, who shall be general-in- 
chief of all the forces of North Carolina." 
The rapidity with which preparation fol- 
lowed preparation under General Martin's 
all-seeing eye and tireless direction revealed 
the practical, prudent, wise, and forceful 
commander, who marshaled his forces with 
unerring accuracy and placed into use al! 
of the state's resources. Everything in tht 
state was at his disposal, men, money, prop- 
erty, for he was "charged with the defense 
of the state," and to that end endowed with 
authority almost boundless. That a full 
realization of the numberless pressing duties 
bearing upon his shoulders may be gained is 
the following incomplete list of the action 
he directed : The militia laws were changed ; 
horses for the mounted arms and transport 
service were bought in Kentucky and hur- 
ried in droves through the mountains ; 
saddles and harness material were secured 
by special agents in New Orleans and 
rushed to Raleigh ; powder works and ar- 
senals for the manufacture and remodeling 
of arms were established ; camps of military 
instruction set up; skilled armorers were 
secured to produce sabres, bayonets, and 
small swords ; shoe and clothing factories 
were located at several points in the state ; 
quartermaster, commissary, and ordinance 
stores were collected from all sections ; 
pieces for the artillery provided ; the coasts 
defended, notwithstanding the fact that the 
Confederacv had undertaken that ; the mili- 
tia called out, drilled, disciplined, and, as 



1 84 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



equipped, mustered into the Confederate 
service and sent to the front in Virginia, 
until North Carolina finally furnished to the 
armies of the Confederacy more troops than 
any other state and more fighting men in 
proportion to her population than any other 
nation ever furnished in any war. To this 
wonderful efifect General Martin labored 
before he took the field. He also, with the 
consent of Governor Vance, instituted the 
system of blockade running, shipping cot- 
ton to Europe and getting in return cloth- 
ing and arms for his troops. 

In the spring of 1862 Burnside captured 
Newbern and was threatening an advance 
from that base. On May 15 General Martin 
received a letter from General Lee enclosing 
a commission as brigadier-general in the 
Confederate army, asking its acceptance and 
that he would take command of eastern 
North Carolina "in this emergency." This 
General ^lartin did, taking command of a 
brigade that he had mustered into the ser- 
vice from North Carolina, and Burnside 
was successfully checked. After this, al- 
though constantly in touch with and the 
adviser of the state government, he returned 
but once to his duties as adjutant-general 
remaining in the field until the close of the 
war. In the command of his brigade his 
\\'est Point and soldier training came to 
the surface, and he drilled his troops hard 
and incessantly, despite their dissatisfaction 
at the rigorous discipline he enforced. With- 
out their knowledge, and decidedly against 
their will, he was transforming the crudest 
of raw material into one of the most depend- 
able brigades in the Confederate army, a 
brigade whose reputation for bravery and 
soldierly conduct under fire became known 
to all the army leaders. 

The great efficiency and rapid movements 
of his brigade won favorable notice at Ber- 
muda Hundred, May 17, 1864, and on May 
20, at the hard fought battle of Howlitz its 
quick and exact obedience did much to win 
the day. In this engagement, while charg- 
ing the enemy under heavy fire, General 
Martin, perceiving the Sixty-sixth, the color 
regiment, pressing forward too eagerly and 
so disturbing the brigade alignment, sent an 
aide to Colonel Moore directing him to 
"dress the brigade on the colors." This or- 
der the colonel, seizing the colors in his 
own hand, proceeded immediately to exe- 
cute, and the brigade, in as perfect align- 



ment as though on parade, swept on and 
carried the enemy's position. The general's 
gallantry had been so conspicuous during 
the day, and the success of his promptly 
given and faultlessly executed orders so 
complete, that in the evening the men, the 
scales fallen from their eyes and shamed 
by their earlier murmurings against his 
strict rule, relieved their feelings in a man- 
ner most unusual. Rejoicing in their steadi- 
ness under fire and the result of the fight 
and glorying in their commander, they 
stormed headquarters and with ringing 
cheers carried him about the camp on their 
shoulders, a tribute to the general which 
was a shock to his soldierly dignity, but 
which afiforded him much inward gratifi- 
cation. A line officer, writing at the close 
of the war of this period, said: "And from 
this time on the general was greatly be- 
loved, the men having unbounded confidence 
in his military skill and admiration for his 
personal bravery, illustrated on every field 
of battle where they followed him." That 
this confidence and regard was mutual was 
proven a few days later, when General Lee, 
to hold a strategic angle at Cold Harbor, 
offered to replace his brigade with veteran 
troops. General Martin replying: "Say to 
General Lee, with my compliments, that 
my men are soldiers, and that he has no 
brigade in his army that will hold this place 
any longer than they will." 

The complete history of General Martin's 
career in the war of 1861-65 fills many pages 
in the chronicles of that conflict, and the 
greater fullness in which it is depicted, the 
greater the appreciation of his services to 
the Confederacy becomes. Through him 
North Carolina bore such a noble part in 
the struggle, and it is General Lee who once 
said of General James Green Martin, "Gen- 
eral Martin is one to whom North Carolina 
owes a debt she will never pay." His name 
will ever live as one of the most loyal of 
patriots, bravest of soldiers, and ablest of 
leaders. 

At the close of the war General Martin 
studied law and was engaged in its prac- 
tice until his death, thirteen years after the 
re-establishment of peace. He became a 
lawyer soundly based in his profession and 
upright in its practice, and in civil life was 
progressive and modern in ideas and ideals. 
The welfare of his church, the Protestant 
Episcopal, was always his great concern, 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



185 



and he was a useful member of Trinity 
parish, and its missions at Asheville and 
other places in the locality. He was also 
a familiar figure in the diocesan and general 
conventions of the church. A feature of his 
Christian activity that gives perhaps a truer 
insight into the nature of the man than all 
that" has gone before is the work he accom- 
plished through the establishment of mis- 
sions at the frontier posts in which he was 
quartered when in the Old Army, rnany of 
which have grown into churches with out- 
lying missions. 

His life was eventful in the extreme, and 
into its fifty-nine confining years he crowded 
accomplishment of almost unbelievable 
magnitude and diversity. He followed duty 
constantly and faithfully, and in its pursuit 
found only honor, the regard of his fel- 
lows, and, it must be, the approval of his 
Master. 

General James Green Martin married 
(first) at Newport, Rhode Island, July 12, 
1844, Mary Anne Murry Read, a great- 
granddaughter of George Read, a signer of 
the Declaration of Independence from Dela- 
ware, and of General William Thompson, a 
brigadier-general in the revolutionary army ; 
(second) February 8, 1858, Hetty King, a 
sister of General Rufus King, United States 
army, a fellow student of General Martin 
at VVest Point, eldest daughter of Charles 
King, president of Columbia College, New 
York, and granddaughter of Rufus King, 
first American minister to the court of St. 
James. Children of General James Green 
Martin, all of his first marriage: William 
Bruce, of whom further; Annie Hollings- 
wood ; Marianne Read and James Green (2). 
Judge William Bruce Martin, son of Gen- 
eral James Green Martin and his first wife, 
i\Iary Anne Murry Read, was born in New 
Castle, Delaware, September 18, 1846. He 
attended the Virginia Military Institute 
while that excellent institution was open 
during the civil war. and although a member 
of the cadet corps that fought with such 
distinction in the battle of New Market, 
failed of participation in that battle because 
he was confined by illness to the hospital. 
He, however, served with the corps until 
the close of the war being a lieutenant in 
Company D, at the time of the evacuation 
of Richmond, where the cadets were among 
the last troops withdrawn from the trenches. 
After the war he worked on a farm, clerked 



in a store, taught school and read law in the 
office of Judge Bailey in Asheville, North 
Carolina. He became a licensed lawyer in 
North Carolina in 1867, and in the summer 
of 1868 establishing himself in legal practice 
in Norfolk, Virginia, where he has since re- 
mained, having- at dififerent tinfes been a 
member of the law firms of Duffield & Martin, 
and Starke & Martin, the latter a con- 
nection lasting until his elevation to the 
bench. This honor came in 1895, when the 
court of law and chancery was established 
in Norfolk for the relief of the corporation 
court, which previous to that time had heard 
all civil and criminal cases. Judge Martin 
was recommended by the bar of Norfolk to 
the legislature for election to the judgeship 
of this court by the decisive vote of fifty- 
six to twenty-eight, and has been contin- 
uously re-elected by the legislature since 
that date, having now completed his twen- 
tieth year upon the Norfolk bench. He was 
last year elected by the legislature for an- 
other term of eight years beginning Feb- 
ruary I, 1915. Through his conspicuous 
ability Judge' Martin has gained the public 
confidence and the respect and admiration 
of the members of the legal fraternity who 
plead before him. He is a jurist, exact, 
fearless and impartial, and his decisions bear 
the stamp of integrity, honor, and deep re- 
gard for right and justice. Plis court does 
an immense business, and it is but natural 
that some appeals should be taken, but his 
average of affirmances is one in which he 
may well take pride. To him has been fit- 
tingly applied the compliment originally paid 
a celebrated English jurist : "When the judi- 
cial ermine descended upon him it touched 
nothing less pure than itself." In the long 
term that he has held his seat upon the 
bench he has remained in the highest esti- 
mation of those who first found his worth 
as a lawyer, and the court over which he 
presides fulfills the worthy aim of its found- 
ing, for he is energetic and tireless in the 
performance of duty. 

Judge Martin was for three terms city 
attorney of Norfolk, an office filled by popu- 
lar vote, and also served Norfolk as a mern- 
ber of the city council, in which body his 
strong influence was happily felt. To the 
legal profession at large he is best known 
as the author of an index-digest of Virginia 
decisions, a work that, upon its publication, 
gained the unanimous and hearty approval 



1 86 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



of lawyers throughout the state and the sin- 
cere praise of all in a position to appreciate 
its value. 

Judge Martin, like his father, is actively 
interested in church work. He was one of 
the founders of St. Luke's Church, Norfolk, 
and is a member of the vestry and the board 
of trustees of St. Andrew's Church, Protes- 
tant Episcopal, of which he also was a 
founder. He has thrice represented the 
diocese of southern Virginia in the general 
convention, and is also treasurer of the Dio- 
cesan Missionary Society of that diocese. 

Judge William Bruce Martin married, 
June 25. 1878. Elizabeth Marchant Starke, 
daughter of Colonel L. D. Starke, of Nor- 
folk, \'irginia. They have five children 
living: Elizabeth Starke. James Green, Lida 
Starke, Alarianne Read and George Read ; 
William Bruce and Lucien Starke, died in 
infancy. 

James Green Martin, son of William 
Bruce, married Henrietta Victoria Nie- 
meyer, of Portsmouth, Virginia, and they 
have had four children : William Bruce, now 
deceased: James Green; Henrietta Calvert: 
Margaret Alarchant. These are Judge 
Martin's only grandchildren. 

Cecil Edward Martin, M. D. This branch 
of the Martin family is of North Carolina, 
that state having been the place of birth 
of Dr. Cecil Edward Martin, of North 
Emporia. Virginia. From North Carolina 
this line gave to the American army in the 
war of the revolution Jonathan Martin, who 
attained the wonderful age of one hundred 
and four years, while in the later war be- 
tween the states, Harrison Martin, grand- 
father of Dr. Cecil Edward Martin, was a 
soldier in a regiment of cavalry recruited 
in North Carolina. 

(I) Harrison Martin was born in Nor- 
thampton county. North Carolina, and 
served throughout the entire four years of 
the civil war, returning to his home after 
the surrender at Appomattox Court House. 
He married Rebecca Johnson, among his 
sons being Henry Edward, of whom fur- 
ther. 

(II) Henry Edward Martin, son of Har- 
rison and Rebecca (Johnson) Martin, was 
born in Northampton county. North Caro- 
lina, in 1853, and there resides to the present 
time. His calling is that of farmer. He 
married Martha Jane Gardner, born in Nor- 



thampton county. North Carolina, daughter 
of Jesse D. and Martha Jane Gardner. 
Among the sons of Jesse D. and Martha 
Jane Gardner are John R., Henry and ^^'il- 
liam R. Gardner. Children of Henry Ed- 
ward and Martha Jane (Gardner) ?klartin : 
Cecil Edward, of whom further : \'erona, 
born in 1881 ; Lucy Freeman, born in North- 
ampton county. North Carolina, in 1883, 
married Jacob Oldham ; Jesse H., born in 
Northampton county. North Carolina, Sep- 
tember 4, 1885, died December 6, 1913, a 
farmer, married Winnie Parker. 

(Ill) Dr. Cecil Edward Martin, son of 
Henry Edward and Martha Jane (Gardner) 
Martin, was born in Northampton county. 
North Carolina. September 14. 1879, and was 
there educated in the public schools, gradu- 
ating from high school in 1903. He after- 
ward entered Wake Forest College, near 
Raleigh, North Carolina, taking a two vears' 
course. In 1907 he became a student in the 
\'irginia University College of Medicine at 
Richmond, Virginia, and received his M. D. 
in 1909, in which year he passed the ex- 
aminations of the Virginia Medical Board 
and was licensed to practice his profession 
in the state. He is now a practitioner of 
North Emporia. \"irginia, where he has been 
cordially received by his professional breth- 
ren and is held in high public esteem, at- 
tending the needs of a generous and lucra- 
tive practice. 

Dr. Martin is a member of the American 
Medical Association, the Sea Board Medi- 
cal Association, the Virginia Medical So- 
ciety, and the South Side Medical Associa- 
tion, being vice-president of the last-named 
organization. In 1912 he read a paper be- 
fore the South Side Medical Association, 
his topic being "Catching Cold." his dis- 
sertation instructive and thoroughly com- 
prehensive. Dr. Martin is local register of 
vital statistics of the Bellfield district of 
Virginia. He is a charter member of North 
Carolina Lodge, No. 524, Free and Accepted 
Masons, and is past senior warden of that 
lodge. He took his degrees in American 
George Lodge. No. 17, of Murfreesboro. 
North Carolina, in 1900: member of Lodge 
No. 292. Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, of Emporia ; was a charter member of 
Rich Square Lodge, Northampton county. 
North Carolina : member of Woodmen of 
the \\'orld : and Meherin Camp. No. 39, 
Roval Arcanum, of Petersburg. Dr. Martin 



*^THE NEW YOKK 
PUBUC LIBRARY 



A8T0H, LEMOX 
TILCEN FOUNDATION* 



J 




^ (9 




VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



is a strong Democratic sympathizer, and 
is a communicant of the Baptist church. 

Dr. Martin married Catherine E. Skikes, 
born in Northampton county, North Caro- 
lina. September i, 1880. daughter of John 
A. and Nannie (Carter) Skikes, the cere- 
mony being solemnized May 12, 1904. They 
are the parents of: Virginia C, born in 
Richmond, Virginia, May 24. 1909 ; Mary 
Lou, born in Northampton county. North 
Carolina, January 27, 191 1 ; Catherine 
Louise, born in Northampton county, Noith 
Carolina, August 17, 1912. 

Benjamin Oliver James. There were sev- 
eral emigrant ancestors by the name of 
James, who founded families in America 
during the colonial times. At the close of 
the revolutionary war there were some 
twenty-five or more heads of families of 
that name in Virginia, who were scattered 
in a number of counties of that state. A 
family tradition handed down in this par- 
ticular branch of the James family is to the 
effect that the antecedents of this family 
settled in Charles City county near the 
James river early in the seventeenth cen- 
tury ; and in Hotten"s lists of emigrants 
from the port of London to be transported 
to Virginia there appears the following 
names, to wit: In a list dated January 22, 
1632, William James; in a list dated Janu- 
ary 2. 1634. Thomas James ; in a list dated 
May 15. 1635, William James ; in a list dated 
August 21, 1635, Lewis James, Richard 
James, minister Richard James, and Ursula 
James; and in a list dated October 13, 1635, 
Roger James. It is probable that the emi- 
grant ancestor of the Charles City county, 
Virginia, family of James, was some one 
in the above mentioned lists ; but as to 
which one there is no extant lineage record 
to show. 

Also Levi James, an emigrant, had de- 
scendants who settled in Loudoun county, 
Virginia, and scattered from there to var- 
ious other places. He was born about 1715 
in Pembrokeshire, Wales ; married there, in 
1740, Mary James, whose family was known 
as the "Little James." while her husband's 
family was known as the "Big James," and 
emigrated to America in 1745. He arrived 
at the port of Wilmington, Delaware, and 
settled in, probably, Chester county, Penn- 
sylvania, where he died in 1757. They had 
a son, Joseph James, born 1745, during the 



ocean voyage of his parents to America ; he 
served in the war of the revolution ; died in 
1786, at Bacon Ford, Virginia, leaving sur- 
viving issue in Loudoun county, Virginia. 
Another James family was of W^estmore- 
land county, Virginia, prior to the separa- 
tion from the mother country, whose de- 
scendants have not been followed. 

Martin James was born June 21, 1789, in 
Goochland county, Virginia. He was a 
schoolmaster, a farmer and a merchant, and 
one of the justices of the county for some 
years ; also served a brief time in the war of 
1812, probably in the state militia. He mar- 
ried Emmaline Duvall, daughter of Clai- 
borne and Mary (Falconer) Duvall, -March 
18, 1834, in Spottsylvania county, Virginia. 
She was born July 26, 1813, in Spottsylvania 
county, Virginia, and was descended from 
Huguenot ancestors. Her mother was 
Mary Falconer, of Orange county, Virginia ; 
and her father, Claiborne Duvall, was born 
in Maryland, and was a farmer in Spottsyl- 
vania county, Virginia. 

Benjamin Oliver James, son of Martin 
and Emmaline (Duvall) James, was born 
June 4, 1852, at Elton, Goochland county, 
Virginia. He received elementary instruc- 
tion in the local schools of his native county, 
and then attended the Hampden-Sidney 
College of Prince Edward county, Virginia, 
where he received an academic education. 
Later he studied law at Washington and 
Lee University. Lexington. Virginia, in 
1873-74. Soon afterward he began the prac- 
tice of law at Goochland Court House, Vir- 
ginia, and about 1882 was elected common- 
wealth attorney for Goochland county, Vir- 
ginia. He served two successive terms, be- 
ing re-elected ; afterward he was elected a 
member of the house of delegates for the 
session 1891-92, and served on the commit- 
tees of courts and judiciary. Federal rela- 
tions, and of the Chesapeake and its. trib- 
utaries. He continued to practice law in 
Goochland county until he was appointed by 
the governor to fill an unexpired term of 
secretary of the commonwealth, in October, 
1909. At the state elections held in No- 
vember, 1909. he was elected secretary of 
state for the ensuing term, and has served 
four years in that ofiice. He was a candi- 
date for re-election to the same office in 
1913, and was elected at the November 
elections of 'that year. Mr. James has al- 
ways been a stanch Democrat, and has for 



i88 



\'IRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



years been identified in local and state 
politics : is a member of the Protestant 
Episcopal church ; a member of Done 
Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, 
and past master of the lodge ; past exalted 
ruler of Richmond Lodge, No. 45, Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks. Also 
he is a member of the Phi Kappa Psi col- 
lege fraternity of Lexington, Virginia, and 
a member of the Westmoreland Club, of 
Richmond, \'irginia. 

Mr. James married Mary Evelyn Kean, 
daughter of Dr. Otho W. and Jane Smith 
(Arthur) Kean, December 22, 1910, at Rich- 
mond, Virginia. She was born at Buchanon, 
Goochland county, Virginia ; was descended 
from the Arthur family of Botetourt county, 
Virginia ; and her father. Dr. Otho \\'. Kean, 
was a prominent physician in the town of 
Buchanon ; also superintendent of Gooch- 
land county public schools for many years. 
There are no children of the above men- 
tioned marriage. 

Hugh B. Mahood, M. D. Locating in 
North Emporia, \'irginia. in the year 1900, 
a graduate AL D. and registered pharmacist. 
Dr. Mahood has established a lucrative 
medical practice and an honorable name 
wherever known. His father, William H. 
B. Mahood, was born in Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, where he died in 1872. He was an 
enlisted soldier of the Confederacy, serving 
four years, but during the greater part of 
the time was engaged in the secret service 
of the Confederate government. He was 
slightly wounded at the battle of the Seven 
Pines but escaped serious injury although 
often engaged in perilous service. His 
brother, Alexander B. Alahood, a banker 
of Petersburg, was the financial agent for 
the Confederate government in that city. 
After the war ^^'illiam H. B. Mahood en- 
gaged in mercantile business in Petersburg 
until his death. He married Mary L., daugh- 
ter of Robert C. and Matilda (Worrell) 
Barnes. Her brothers, Benjamin Lewis and 
Robert McKengree Barnes, served in the 
Confederate army, the former an officer on 
the staiT of General Roger A. Pryor. Chil- 
dren : I. William A., born in i860, now 
railroad and express agent and postmaster 
at Pleasant Shade. Virginia ; he married 
Emily Pope and has a son Benjamin \\'. 
and one daughter. 2. Mary. 3. Hugh B., 
of further mention. 



Dr. Hugh B. Mahood, son of William H. 
B. and Mary L. (Barnes) ^lahood, was born 
in Petersburg, Virginia, July 28, 1870. He 
was educated in public and private schools 
of that city, and in 1896 entered the ^ledi- 
cal College of Virginia, whence he was 
graduated M. D., class of "99." He served 
as interne in the Protestant Hospital, Nor- 
folk, \^irginia. and in 1900 located in Em- 
poria, Greenville county, Virginia, where 
he has since been engaged in the practice 
of his profession. Prior to entering medical 
college, he was for a time a drug clerk in 
Petersburg and studied pharmacy. He 
passed the Virginia State Board of Phar- 
macy and secured a registered druggist 
license. He then entered the navy as an 
apothecary, where he remained for three 
years, and after leaving the navy he ma- 
triculated in the medical department of the 
Medical College of \'irginia, and graduated 
in the class of 1899 with the degree of M. 
D. He is local surgeon for the Atlantic 
Coast Line Railroad, and stands high in the 
regard of his professional brethren. Dr. 
Mahood devoted three years to the service 
of his state in the National Guard, enlisting 
as a private, was promoted surgeon with the 
rank of lieutenant, but his increasing prac- 
tice compelled him to resign. He is a mem- 
ber of the Virginia Medical Society, mem- 
ber and ex-vice-president of the Association 
of Surgeons of the Atlantic Coast Line Rail- 
road, member of the Virginia State Phar- 
maceutical Society and of the Pi Mu Greek 
letter fraternity of his college. He is a 
member of "Widow's Son" Lodge, No. 152, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of Emporia. He 
is an attendant of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. 

Dr. Mahood married, at Richmond, Vir- 
ginia, June 9, 1903, Clara de Gref?enreidt 
Boswell, born in Lunenburg county. Vir- 
ginia, November 30, 1884, daughter of Wil- 
liam Boswell. 

Junius Waverly Pulley. As a young 
member of the Southampton county bar, 
Mr. Pulley is winning his way to a good 
practice in Courtland, where he located 
after receiving his degree and being ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1913. He is a native of 
Southampton county, his parents coming 
there from Isle of Wight county, Virginia. 
He is a grandson of Richard Henry Pulley, 
of Isle of \\'ight county, \^irginia, and son 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



189 



of Frank Pierce Pulley, a farmer of South- 
ampton county, born in Isle of Wight 
county in 185 1. Frank Pierce Pulley mar- 
ried Cora Fanny Stephenson, daughter of 
Levi Stephenson, who served four years in 
the Confederate army in a Virginia regi- 
ment. Children : Lloyd C, born in 1882, 
married (first) Daisy Edwards, married 
(second) Rose Bradshaw ; John Levi, born 
in 1886, married Mary Holmes ; Junius 
Waverly, of further mention ; Frank Pierce, 
born in 1894; Richard Henry, born in 1896; 
Douglass Holden, born in 1899; Thomas, 
born in 1901. 

Junius Waverly Pulley, third son of 
Frank Pierce and Cora Fanny (Stephen- 
son) Pulley, was born in Southampton 
county, Virginia, March 16, 1890. His early 
life was spent at the home farm and in at- 
tendance at the public schools at Ivor. He 
was a student at Virginia Military Acad- 
emy, going thence to Richmond College, 
and after one year there entering the law 
department of Washington and Lee Univer- 
sity in 1910, where in 1913 he was graduated 
with the degree of LL. B. He was admitted 
to the Virginia bar in the same year and 
located in Courtland, where he began the 
practice of his profession. Although beset 
with all the difficulties that confront the 
young aspirant for legal advancement, Mr. 
Pulley has succeeded beyond his expecta- 
tions and has secured honorable standing in 
his profession. He is a member of the South- 
ampton County Bar Association, a Democrat 
in politics, a member of the Baptist church, 
teacher in the Sunday school, member of 
the Woodmen of the World, and is held in 
high esteem professionally and socially. 
His college fraternity and society is the Phi 
Gamma Delta and Grayham Lee, both of 
Washington and Lee University. 

Elisha Leavenworth McGill, M. D., of 

Petersburg, has been established in that 
city for eleven years, and has acquired in 
that time a prominent standing in the pro- 
fession, and well-merited success as a prac- 
titioner. He bears in his veins the Scotch 
blood which has been instrumental in set- 
tling and developing large sections 01 the 
south. His grandfather, John McGill, was 
a native of Scotland, who came to America 
and settled at Port Perry, Canada. 

(II) John (2) McGill, son of John (i) 
McGill, was born about 1821, in Canada, 



and when a young man removed to Vir- 
ginia and located in Petersburg before the 
civil war. For many years he was a mem- 
ber of the firm of Watson & McGill, tobacco 
manufacturers, and is now living, retired, in 
Petersburg, at the age of eighty-three years. 
He married Helen Elizabeth Leavenworth, 
born June 11, 1836, in North Carolina, and 
died June 26, 1913. in Petersburg, a de- 
scendant of a very old American family. 
Thomas Leavenworth, a native of England, 
came to America after 1664, and resided in 
Woodbury. Connecticut, where he died Au- 
gust 3. 1683. He was survived for some 
years by his wife Grace, who was the 
mother of two sons, Thomas and John, and 
a daughter, whose name is not preserved. 
Thomas (2), son of Thomas (i) and Grace 
Leavenworth, born 1673, probably in Wood- 
bury, died August 4, 1754, in the parish of 
Ripton, then a part of Stratford, now the 
town of Huntington, Fairfield county, Con- 
necticut. He was a physician, a man of 
much energy and strong character, and ac- 
cumulated considerable wealth for his 
time. He resided in Woodbury until 1695, 
at which time he purchased land in Strat- 
ford, and resided there until 1721, when he 
settled in Ripton parish of the same town. 
He was received in full communion at the 
Stratford church in 1698, and with his wife 
and several of his children was among the 
founders of the Ripton church. He mar- 
ried, about 1698, in Stratford, Mary, daugh- 
ter of David and Grace Jenkins, born there 
in 1680, died in June, 1768, in Ripton. Their 
sixth son, Mark Leavenworth, was born 
about 171 1, and died August 20, 1797, in 
Waterbury, Connecticut. He graduated at 
Yale in 1737, was licensed to preach in the 
following year, and settled at Waterbury, 
where he was an influential member of the 
community, an able preacher, and highly 
esteemed. He preached the annual election 
sermon before the assembly at Hartford in 
1772. In 1760 he was appointed chaplain of 
the Second Connecticut Regiment of Mili- 
tia, was re-appointed the following year, 
and accompanied the regiment in an expe- 
dition to Canada. He married (first) Feb- 
ruary 6, 1740, Ruth, daughter of Rev. Jere- 
miah Peck, the first minister at Water- 
bur}-. His second wife was Sarah Hall. 
His eldest son. Colonel Jesse Leavenworth, 
born November 22, 1741, in Waterbury, 
died December 12, 1824, at Sacket's Har- 



IQO 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



bor, New York. He graduated at Yale Col- 
lege and settled at Danville, Vermont, about 
1784, residing there many years. He mar- 
ried (first) July I, 1761, Catherine, widow of 
Culpeper Frisby, and daughter of John 
Conkling, of Suffolk county, New York. 
He married (second) Eunice Sperry. Dr. 
Frederick Leavenworth, son of Colonel 
Jesse and Catherine (Conkling-Frisby) 
Leavenworth, was born September 4, 1766, 
in Waterbury, where he engaged in the 
practice of medicine, and also in manufac- 
turing, and died May 17, 1840. He mar- 
ried. May 19, 1796, Fanny, daughter of Ab- 
ner and Lydia (Bunnell) Johnson, of Wat- 
erbury, born February 28. 1766, died May 
14, i8$2. Abner Johnson Leavenworth, sec- 
ond son of Dr. Frederick and Fanny (John- 
son) Leavenworth, was born July 12, 1803, 
in Waterbury, and died February 12, 1869, 
in Petersburg, Virginia. He graduated at 
Amherst College in 1825, studied theology 
at Andover Seminary, and was licensed to 
preach, April 22, 1828. He was ordained 
pastor of the Congregational church at Bris- 
tol, Connecticut. December 16, 1829, and 
continued two years in that charge, when he 
removed to Charlotte, North Carolina, and 
became pastor of the Presbyterian church 
there. He also established a young ladies' 
school, of which he was principal, and was 
very active in ecclesiastical affairs in the 
state. By lectures, newspaper articles and 
the distribution of tracts, he endeavored to 
stimulate the interest of the people of that 
state in public education. In 1838 he re- 
moved to Warrinton, Virginia, where he es- 
tablished a school. One year later he went 
to Petersburg to take charge of the new 
High Street Church, leaving his school at 
Warrinton in charge of his wife. For four 
years he was pastor of the High Street 
Church, and also established a school at 
Petersburg, which attained a very great 
success, previous to the civil war. That 
struggle interfered with the school, init it 
was resumed, and again took high place 
among the educational institutions of the 
state. Mr. Leavenworth was engaged here, 
as in North Carolina, in educational work, 
and at the time of his death was correspond- 
ing secretary of the Virginia Educational 
Association, in whose organization he was 
an active participator. He married, June 14, 
1831, Elizabeth Manning Peabody. of Salem. 
Massachusetts, born March 30, 1809, died 



June 25, 1841. daughter of John and Eliza- 
beth (Manning) Peabody. She was of great 
assistance to him in his school work, and 
left an impress upon educational matters 
of the state. Children : Frederick P., born 
June 13, 1833, was a railroad engineer, and 
resided at Shreveport, Louisiana ; Helen 
Elizabeth, above mentioned as the wife of 
John (2) McGill ; Abner Augustus and Mary 
Frances, died in infancy. The children of 
John (2) McGill were: John and Frederick, 
died during the civil war ; Helen Leslie, wife 
of Alexander Hamilton, of Petersburg; 
Fanny Page, Mrs. F. R. Lassiter, died Jan- 
uary I, 1906: William L.. of Petersburg, 
married Otelia Mahone ; Dora Stuart, wife 
of Thomas B. Scott, of Richmond ; Mary 
Peabody, Airs. Thomas A, Johnson, of 
Rochester, New York; Elisha Leavenworth, 
of further mention ; Grace Leavenworth, 
wife of Iredell Jones, of Columbia, South 
Carolina. 

(HI) Dr. Elisha Leavenworth McGill, 
son of John (2) and Helen Elizabeth (Leav- 
enworth) McGill. was born May 12, 1875, 
in Petersburg, and was educated in the cele- 
brated McCabe's School of that city, and the 
Virginia Military Institute, from which he 
graduated in 1897. Following this he en- 
tered the medical department of Columbia 
University, New York, from which he was 
graduated in 1901. After a valuable ex- 
perience in the City Hospital on Black- 
well's Island, New York, he was for some 
time associated with the Children's Hospi- 
tal on Randolph Island. In 1904 he estab- 
lished a practice in his native city, where 
he has gained success and popularity. His 
standing in the profession is indicated by 
his membership in numerous medical asso- 
ciations, including the Petersburg Medical 
Faculty, the oldest medical society in Vir- 
ginia, the Southside Medical Society, the 
Medical Society of \'irginia, 'the Southern 
Medical Association, and the American 
Medical Association. He is also a member 
of the Kappa Alpha college fraternity. He 
attends the Presbyterian church of Peters- 
burg. 

Dr. McGill married. October 2, 1907. at 
Berryville. \'irginia. Helen McGill Page, a 
native of that place, daughter of Robert 
Powell and Martha (Hardee) Page. Robert 
Powell Page was throughout his life a phy- 
sician at Berryville. was a member of Ma- 
hone's brigade during the civil war, and died 





■O/yK} 




1^ 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



191 



July, 1914. at the age of seventy-six years. 
His wife died in January of the same year. 
Dr. and Mrs. McGill have a daughter, 
Evelyn Page, born October 7, 191 1. 

William Henry Parker, M, D. The name 
Parker, according to Burke, "is one of the 
oldest and best known in England." He 
further states that the name was originally 
De Parkire, from a Norman knight. The 
English family is one of universal promi- 
nence and includes men of title and high 
rank. The army and navy of Great Britain 
numbers countless Parkers of high station, 
from the earliest period of the naval his- 
tory of that nation down to the present day. 

The Virginia family herein written de- 
scends from the Earl of Macclesfield, Eng- 
lish branch, and was founded in this state 
in 1650. One of the brothers settled in Isle 
of Wight county, the other brother, George 
Parker, in .Accomac county. From this 
George Parker springs Dr. William H. 
Parker, of Richmond, Virginia. 

In America the name is no less illustrious 
than in England. Men high in every pro- 
fession, in naval and military life as well 
as business, have ever made the name a 
prominent one in American life. Eighteen 
officers of the continental army, descendants 
of these brothers, led Virginia troops dur- 
ing the revolution, and in each war there- 
after, the name is an oft recurring one in the 
records. Bishop Meade, in alluding to an 
old graveyard, wrote: "It was honored by 
the remains of the Washingtons, Lees and 
Parkers." The Parker coat-of-arms granted 
in 1697 's thus described: Arms — Sable, a 
buck's head cabossed, between two flanches 
argent. Crest — .\ dexter arm erect, vested 
azure, slashed and cufifed argent, holding in 
the hand proper an attire of a stag (or piece 
of coral) gules. 

From the Accomac county settler, George 
Parker, came Robert Parker, of Watts 
Island, Virginia, to whom and his wife, 
Leah, was born a son George, July 26, 1770. 
This George Parker married, February 24, 
1803, Peggy Floyd, of Norfolk, Virginia. 
To them was born, October 16, 1806, a son, 
George Gilbert. 

George Gilbert Parker, early left an or- 
phan, was reared under the guardianship of 
his future wife's father. He later became a 
wealthy planter of Warwick county, Vir- 
ginia, a high-minded man of charming per- 



sonality and intellectual acquirements. He 
married, January 31, 1828, Margaret Taylor 
Savage, of Hampton, Virginia, the great- 
granddaughter of Major Kirby of the British 
army, and his wife. Lady Margaret (How- 
ard) Kirby, daughter of Sir Harry Howard 
of York, of the famous English house of 
Howard. To George Gilbert Parker and his 
wife, Margaret, were born sons and daugh- 
ters, all of whom died young, save William 
Henry. 

William Henry Parker was born August 
18, 1835, at Hampton, Virginia, died in the 
city of Richmond, Virginia, July 14, 1906. 
He served contiguously through the war be- 
tween the states, under various command- 
ers, being identified with the First Com- 
pany Virginia Howitzers. He married, after 
the war, Anne Rebecca Clarke, of Charles 
City county, Virginia, also of distinguished 
ancestry. Like his father, George Gilbert 
Parker, he was a man of distinguished bear- 
ing and fascinating manner, chivalrous and 
generous to a fault, a Christian, soldier, and 
gentleman, beloved by an army of friends, 
with whom he labored in his closing years 
for the cause of Christianity. His children 
were: Gilbert Floyd, of Richmond; William 
Henry, of whom further ; Margaret, married 
Oliver Frances Blankingship, M. D., of 
Richmond; John Archer, died young; Anne 
Wilcox, died young. 

Dr. William Henry (2) Parker, of Rich- 
mond, son of William Henry (i) and Anne 
Rebecca (Clarke) Parker, was born in Rich- 
mond, Virginia, September 16, 1873. He is 
a graduate of the Richmond High School, 
class of 1890, and after two years at Rich- 
mond College, entered the University Col- 
lege of Medicine, whence he was graduated 
M. D., class of 1895. He spent the follow- 
ing year as surgeon at the City Hospital of 
Richmond, then began private practice in 
that city, where he has risen to a distin- 
guished position in his profession, and as 
a citizen. He is a member of the board of 
])olice commissioners of Richmond, supreme 
medical examiner for the Order of the Gold- 
en Seal, director of the McGraw-Yarbrough 
Company, (Inc.) ; a member of the 
lodge, chapter, commandery and shrine of 
the Masonic order ; Abou Ben Adhem 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
Heptasophs, and others ; also belongs to the 
Elks Club. He is a Democrat in politics. 
His church affiliations are with Trinity 



ig2 



VIRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



Methodist Episcopal Church. His profes- 
sional societies are the Richmond Academy 
of Medicine and Surgery, the ^ledical So- 
ciety of Virginia, the Southern Medical So- 
ciety, and the American Medical Associa- 
tion. 

Dr. Parker married, in Hanover county, 
Virginia, June 23, 1897, Alma E. Jennings, 
born in Richmond, April 24, 1877, daughter 
of Henry S. Jennings, a merchant of that 
city, and his wife, Ella (Granger) Jennings, 
born in Richmond. August 7, i860, died 
April I, 1892. Children of Dr. and Mrs. 
Parker: Willard N., born July 30, 1900; 
Annie W., born May 9, 1910; Cammie R., 
twin with Annie W. 

Walker Watts Poindexter. The follow- 
ing record gives not only the story of the 
antiquity of the family of Poindexter and 
its age in America, but a perusal of the 
chronicle will show that its members were 
ever true Americans and ardent patriots, 
fighting, when necessity came, both for the 
independence of their country and in the 
support of their convictions, making sacri- 
fices of nobility in each conflict. 

Of the ancient history of the name, as 
early as 1250 GeofTroy and Raoul Poindes- 
tre are mentioned as landowners on the 
Island of Jersey, Great Britain, in certain 
documents preserved in the archives at S. 
Lo, Normandy, France. In 1424 John Poin- 
destre was bailly of the island ; in 1452 his 
son, another John, filled the same office ; and 
in 1467 the grandson of the first named, a 
third John, occupied this honorable post. 
In 1485 John Poindestre was lieutenant 
bailly, as was his descendant, still named 
John, in 1669. This family has for gener- 
ations possessed the fief of Grainville, in the 
parish of S. Saviour. George Poingdestre, 
seigneur of the fief es Poingdestre, Island 
of Jersey, died in 1544. He married Gir- 
ette, niece of Sir Thomas Ahier. Children : 
John, of whom further; Thomas, constable 
of S. Saviour, married Catherine, daughter 
of Thomas Lempiere. widow of Richard 
Langois and Clement Messervey. 

(I) John Poingdestre, son of George and 
Girette Poingdestre, and seigneur of the fief 
es Poingdestre, died in 1583. Children: 
Edward, of whom further; John, who mar- 
ried Perroline, daughter of Peter Ladl. 

fll) Edward Poingdestre, son of John 
Poingdestre, seigneur of the fief es Poing- 



destre, married (first) Margaret, daughter 
of Clement Messervey, in 1562, and (sec- 
ond) Pauline, daughter of Guyon Ahier. 

(III) Thomas Poingdestre, son of Ed- 
ward Poingdestre, seigneur of the fief es 
Poingdestre, was born in 1581. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Elfard. 

Children : Philip, born in 1620, married 
Sarah Pinel ; Jacob ; George, of whom fur- 
ther; Rachel. 

(IV) George Poingdestre, son of Thomas 
and Elizabeth Poingdestre, immigrated to 
America, and settled in Virginia. 

(I) John Poindexter, a descendant of 
George Poingdestre, the emigrant, settled 
in Louisa county, Virginia, at the time of 
its formation, on or near Gold Mine Creek. 
a small stream emptying into the North 
Anna river about eight or nine miles north- 
east of Louisa Courthouse. He owned 
large landed estates and at that time was 
one of the most prominent men in the coun- 
ty, both in church and county matters, be- 
ing one of the first vestrymen of Fredericks- 
ville parish, taking the oath of allegiance, 
the oath of abjuration, and against trans- 
substantiation. He was one of the most 
punctual attendants on the sittings of the 
court and it is evident that he was held in 
high esteem by that body, as fully appears 
from the proceedings of the court directing 
him to attend to roads, bridges, and so forth. 
He died in Louisa county in 1753, leaving a 
will which was admitted to record in the 
court on May 29, 1753, his widow, Chris- 
tiana Poindexter, qualifying as his execu- 
trix. Besides daughters he had sons who 
survived him : Thomas, John, William, Rich- 
ard, and Joseph, of whom further. 

(II) Joseph Poindexter, thought to be 
son of John and Christiana Poindexter, was 
born in 1736 and lived in Bedford county, 
later moving to Campbell county, where 
he died June 29, 1826. He was a captain J 
of militia from Bedford county (see records , 

in Virginia State Library) in the American 
army in the revolutionary war. He mar- 
ried, February 10, 1768, Elizabeth, born 
February 29, 1747, daughter of James Ken- 
nerly. Their children: i. Samuel, of whom 
further. 2. James, married Marj'. daughter 
of Waddy and Mary (Lewis) Thompson, 
of Albemarle county. 3. Joseph, married 
a widow, Mrs. Harrison. 4. William, mar- 
ried Judith, daughter of Waddy Thompson. 
5. Reuben. 6. Thomas Kennerly, moved to 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



193 



South Carolina, and married Mrs. Mary 
(Rail) Kennerly. 7. John, married a Miss 
Chilton. 8. Louis, married Ann Smith. 9. 
Ann. married John Chilton, of Amherst 
county. 10. Elizabeth, married Raleigh 
Chilton. II. Richard, married a Miss Ford, 
and moved to the west. 

(Ill) Samuel Poindexter, son of Joseph 
and Elizabeth (Kennerly) Poindexter, mar- 
ried (first) Anne Poindexter Slaughter, 
daughter of Reuben and Betty (Poindexter) 
Slaughter. Reuben Slaughter was a son of 
Colonel Francis and Ann (Lightfoot) 
Slaughter, who married June 3, 1729. Fran- 
cis Slaughter was a large landholder in Cul- 
peper and Orange counties, Virginia ; was 
commissioned captain of militia February 
2, 1730, later colonel of militia; was justice, 
vestryman, church-warden, and held num- 
erous other civil offices. He was a son of 
Robert and Frances Anne (Jones) Slaugh- 
ter, who were married about 1700. Robert 
Slaughter was born about 1680, held exten- 
sive grants of land in Spottsylvania county, 
and was a prosperous planter of Essex 
county, where he lived and died. He was 
probably a son of Francis and Margaret 
(Hudson) Slaughter, a planter of Rich- 
mond county, Virginia, born about 1653. 
Francis was a son of Captain Francis, who 
married, in 1652, Elizabeth Underwood, and 
grandson of John Slaughter, the emigrant, 
who settled in Virginia prior to 1620. Sam- 
uel Poindexter married (second) Sarah 
Garth, of Albemarle county, and (third) 
Martha, daughter of James Otey, of Ken- 
tucky. The children of his first marriage: 
I. Dabney, of whom further. 2. James, 
married Susan Shelton. 3. John, married a 
Miss Robinson. 4. Caroline, married a Mr. 
White. Children of his second marriage: 
5. Garland, married Julia Bingham. 6. Wil- 
lis, married Emily Slaughter. 7. Samuel, 
married Ann Tucker. Samuel Poindexter 
had no children by his third marriage. 

(IV) Dabney Poindexter, son of Samuel 
and Anne Poindexter (Slaughter) Poindex- 
ter, was born November 17, 1791, and died 
September 27, 1848. He married Mary 
Eliza, born March 15, 1801, daughter of 
James Watts. Children: i. David Durrett, 
born September 11, 1820, married, Novem- 
ber 8, 1849, Anne Poindexter. 2. Sarah W., 
born February 5, 1822, married October 4, 
1843, William Gills. 3. Richard Watts, born 

VIA— 13 



October 8, 1823, married (first) in 1849, 
Mary Elizabeth Durrett, (second) in 1865, 
Mary Lee. 4. Caroline E., born October 6, 
1825, married, March 8, 1844, Asa Gills. 
5. James W., born November 3, 1827, mar- 
ried, January 5, 1858, Sophia Nicholls. 6. 
Samuel Thomas, of whom further. 7. Paul- 
ina Ann, born May 3, 1832, married, Octo- 
ber 4, 1849, Joseph Hardy. 8. Frances 
Susan, born May 17, 1835, married Joseph 
Rucker. 9. Mary Eliza, born June 3, 1838, 
married Charles Hardy. 10. William Dab- 
ney, born November 29, 1843, married Mary 
Jeter. 

(V) Samuel Thomas Poindexter, son of 
Dabney and Mary (Watts) Poindexter, was 
born August 30. 1829, died in July, 1904. He 
was reared to manhood on the old plantation 
near Shiloh Church, Sedford county, and 
was a student in the private schools of that 
vicinity. Upon his father's death Mr. Poin- 
dexter inherited a vast tract of land and 
was a prosperous planter until the war be- 
tween the states, during which conflict he 
suffered great losses, the valu^ of his prop- 
erty undergoing severe depreciation. Soon 
after the beginning of active hostilities he 
became a private in Company F, Second 
Regiment of Virginia Cavalry, commanded 
by Colonel James W. Watt's, and was a 
rriember of the second until peace was final- 
ly restored, participating in every military 
movement in which his regiment was en- 
gaged. He received an honorable discharge 
from the Confederate army at Lynchburg, 
standing on the spot (now in Miller Park) 
where four yaars previous he had entered 
the service. Martial occupation giving place 
to the activities of peace, he settled in 
Lvnchburg and established as a wholesale 
grocer, afterward adding to this line retail 
dealing. In both branches he prospered, 
the one aiding materially in the success of 
the other, and to both' he devoted large 
measures of his personal attention until ill- 
health required his abandoment of his press- 
ing duties. He carried with him from the 
busy mart of trade to the quiet retirement 
of his home the hearty regard of his co- 
workers, their respect for the manly man- 
ner in which he met the crises of business 
life, and a sincere appreciation of his worth 
and integrity. His life was passed as a 
staunch supporter of the Democratic party. 
He married, October 31, 1876, Benjamina 



194 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



James, daughter of Benjamin James and 
Sarah Matilda (Johnson) Hughes. They 
were the parents of one son. Walker \\atts, 
a manufacturer of Lynchburg. 

(VI) \\'alker Watts Poindexter descends 
maternally from the Randolph and W^ood- 
son families of \'irginia in the following 
lines : Walker Watts, son of Samuel 
Thomas Poindexter and Benjamina James 
Hughes ; Benjamina James Hughes, daugh- 
ter of Benjamin James Hughes and Sarab 
Matilda Johnson ; Benjamin James Hughes, 
son of Jesse Hughes and Mary Woodson 
Cheadle; Mary Woodson Cheadle, daugnter 
of John Cheadle and Elizabeth Royal 
Woodson ; Elizabeth Royal Woodson, 
daughter of Colonel John W^oodson and 
Dorothea Randolph (see Randolph) ; Colo- 
nel John Woodson, jon of Josiah Woodson 
and Alary Royal ; Josiah Woodson, son of 
Dr. John \Voodson and Judith Tarlton ; 
John A\'oodson, son of Robert Woodson and 
Elizabeth Ferris ; Robert Woodson, son of 
Dr. John W oodson, of Dorsetshire, Eng- 
land, and his wife, Sarah, of Devonshire, 
England. 

Dorothy Randolph, of previous mention, 
daughter of Isham Randolph, of Dungeness 
and Jane Rogers, of London, England ; 
Isham Randolph, son of William Randolph, 
of Turkey Island, attorney-general of Vir- 
ginia in 1696, speaker of the house of bur- 
gesses in 1698, clerk of the house in 1702, 
and Mary Isham. daughter of Henry Isham 
of Bermuda Hundred on James river; Wil- 
liam Randolph, of Turkey Island, son of 
Richard Randolph and Elizabeth Ryland, of 
Warwickshire, England; Richard Randolph, 
son of William Randolph and Dorothy 
Lane ; William Randolph, son of Robert 
Randolph, of Hams, Sussex, England, gen- 
tleman, and Rose Roberts, daughters of 
Thomas Roberts, of Hawkhurst. Kent, Eng- 
land. 

James Doddridge Patten. Born in Dan- 
ville. \'irginia, Mr. Patton's boyhood wit- 
nessed the exciting scenes of war and as 
a lad he was enrolled among the defenders 
of his home town. Since 1874 a successful 
business man of Richmond, an honored 
member of councils, and representing her 
in the house of delegates, he is now living 
a retired life within her borders. He is a 
representative of an old Virginia family of 
business and professional men, all of whom 



have borne well their part in whatever sta- 
tion in life placed. He is a son of William 
S. Patton, of Danville, and a grandson of 
James Doddridge Patton, from whom he 
lakes his name. 

(I) Dr. James Doddridge (i) Patton was 
born in Rockbridge county, Virginia, stud- 
ied medicine and located in Danville, where 
he was engaged in honorable practice all 
his life. He was skilled in his profession 
and a man of influence in his community. 
He married Alary Fearn, born in Pittsyl- 
vania county. \'irginia, died in Danville, 
leaving issue. 

(II) William S. Patton, son of Dr. James 
Doddridge and Mary (Fearn) Patton, was 
born in Danville, Virginia, January 16, 1816, 
died there in 1884. After completing his 
education, he became a banker and was one 
of the leading financiers of the city for many 
years, death only terminating his useful 
activities. He was public-spirited, generous 
and of sterling, upright character, honored 
and esteemed by all. He married Cather- 
ine .\. Ross, born in Danville in 1824, died 
there in 1877, daughter of John Ross, born 
in county Antrim, Ireland. He came to the 
L'nited States when a young man. locating 
finally in Danville, where he was engaged 
as a merchant until his death. He married 
a Miss Allen, daughter of Lieutenant Al- 
len, an officer of the revolutionary army. 
Children of \\'illiam S. Patton, all sons, but 
two still living: John Ross, born in 1846, 
died in 1877; William Fearn, born Febru- 
ary 2"/, 1849, succeeded his father in busi- 
ness, and is yet a banker of Danville ; James 
Doddridge, of whom further; Julius Allen, 
born Januarj- 17, 1857, died aged thirty- 
four years. 

(III) James Doddridge (2) Patton, son of 
^\'illiam S. and Catherine A. (Ross) Patton, 
was born in Danville, \'irginia. He was edu- 
cated in Danville schools'. Danville Academy 
and Baltimore Business College. His inclina- 
tion and ambition was all for a business 
career, end after leaving school he at once 
entered mercantile life at Danville, continu- 
ing in business there until 1874. when he 
located in Richmond, \*irginia. He there en- 
gaged for many years in the tobacco supply 
Inisiness and prospered abundantly. He ac- 
quired other interests outside his business, 
manufacturing, meat packing, etc.. and al- 
though now retired from active participation 
in their operation, continues his long time 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



195 



association. He is a Democrat in politics, 
and has ever taken a lively interest in all 
that concerns the public welfare. In 1881-82- 
83 he represented his ward in the common 
coimcil ; in 1885 was a member of the Demo- 
cratic State Committee, and in that year 
was elected a member of the state legisla- 
ture. He rendered efficient service in both 
legislative bodies and was connected with 
the progressive measures of that period. As 
a boy he served in the home guards of Dan- 
ville, and from 1882 to 1886 was major of 
the First Regiment, Virginia National 
Guard. He is fond of the social side of life 
and of outdoor recreation, enjoying both as 
a member of the Westmoreland and Com- 
monwealth clubs of Richmond and the 
Country Club of Virginia. In religious 
faith he is a Presbyterian, belonging to the 
Second Church in Richmond. 

Mr. Patton married, February 27, 1S89, at 
Richmond, Nannie Leary, born at Edenton, 
North Carolina, daughter of Thomas H. and 
Elizabeth (Wagener) Leary. Thomas H. 
Leary, born in Edenton, North Carolina, 
was a lawyer, first of Edenton, later moving 
to Easton, Pennsylvania, then to Richmond, 
Virginia, where he died in 1883. His wife 
died in 1899. Children of James D. and 
Nannie (Leary) Patton, born in Richmond: 
Nannie, born April 16, 1890; James Dod- 
dridge (3), December 13, 1892, now engaged 
in mercantile business in Richmond. 

William Perkins Parrish, M. D. The de- 
scent of the Parrish family, represented in 
professional circles in Chatham, Virginia, 
by William Perkins Parrish, M. D., is Irish, 
he being of the fifth American generation. 
The name has ever been proudly borne in 
its Virginia home, and was honorably ac- 
quitted in the heaviest fighting of the Mexi- 
can war and war between the states. The 
first two generations of this line in Vir- 
ginia were resident in Culpeper county, 
farming being the family occupation. Cap- 
tain Wilson Parrish was born in Pittsyl- 
vania county, \'irginia, and attained an age 
of seventy-four years. He saw active ser- 
vice in the Mexican war, and throughout 
his life was a farmer. He married a Miss 
Wells, of Pittsylvania county, and had chil- 
dren, among them Joseph M., of whom fur- 
ther. 

Joseph AI. Parrish, son of Captain Wilson 
Parrish, was born on a farm in Pittsyl- 



vania county, Virginia, in 1823, died in 1897. 
As in the three preceding generations of 
his line agriculture was his calling, his death 
occurring on the home farm. The outbreak 
of the war between the states found him a 
soldier in the army of the Confederacy and 
he served during the entire war, although 
for thirteen months his services were lost 
to the army by reason of his confinement in 
a Union prison at Elmira, New York. Re- 
leased from this place of detention and the 
war at an end he returned to his fertile 
acres, cultivating these until his final sum- 
mons called him from earthly activity. He 
was ever an ardent worker in the ranks of 
the Democratic party, and although high 
political office was neither his desire nor his 
lot, his efforts were none the less valuable 
because of their disinterested devotion. He 
married a cousin, Elizabeth Parrish, born 
in Pittsylvania county, Virginia, died Feb- 
ruary 18, 1890, aged sixty-three years, 
daughter of Thomas A. Parrish, and had 
children: i. Martha A., deceased; married 
^Montgomery Hubbard, and was the mother 
of five children, of whom four survive, re- 
sided on a farm in Pittsylvania county. 2. 
Virginia, died unmarried. 3. Thomas F., 
deceased ; was a merchant of Danville, Vir- 
ginia. 4. Julia F., died unmarried. 5. Wil- 
liam Perkins, of whom further. 6. Sallie, 
unmarried ; lives in Chatham at the home 
of her brother, William Perkins, he and she 
the only survivors of the six children of 
Joseph M. and Elizabeth (Parrish) Parrish. 
Dr. AV^illiam Perkins Parrish, son of 
Joseph M. and Elizabeth (Parrish) Parrish, 
was born on the old Parrish homestead, six 
miles from Chatham, Virginia. September 
2, 1866. After obtaining a public school 
education he became his father's assistant 
on the home farm, there remaining until he 
was twenty-two years of age. He then 
entered Baltimore College, now the Univer- 
sity of Maryland, and was graduated AI. D. 
in the class of 1891, beginning his active 
practice in Chatham. For five years he was 
so engaged, then associated with another 
physician, a connection which was later dis- 
solved. Dr. Parrish continuing in inde- 
pendent and prosperous practice at the pres- 
ent time. His reputation as a skillful and 
reliable physician is unsurpassed, and to 
his necessary professional attributes he adds 
a personality so pleasing as to justify the 
term ideal in the resulting combination. 



196 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



His fraternal order is the Masonic and he 
is also a member of the Modern Woodmen 
of America. 

Dr. Parrish married, at Chatham, Vir- 
ginia, September 5, 1894, Mary A., daugh- 
ter of Edwin T. and Sallie (Echols) Jones, 
her parents, both deceased, natives of Pitt- 
sylvania county. Edwin T. Jones, for many 
years a merchant of that locality, served for 
four years in the Confederate army, partici- 
pating in many of the most important 
battles and campaigns of the war, and was 
wounded in battle. Of the fourteen chil- 
dren of Edwin T. and Sallie (Echols) Jones, 
four are living at the present time : Mittie, 
married H. D. Sheppard, of Chatham, Vir- 
ginia ; Bertha, married W. L. Jones, of Phil- 
adelphia, Pennsylvania; J. M., lives in 
Chatham ; Mary A., of previous mention, 
married William P. Parrish. Dr. and Mrs. 
Parrish are the parents of two children : 
Edwin J., born June 27, 1895, ^ student in 
the Chatham Training School ; Elizabeth, 
born November 10, 1900, attending a private 
school in Chatham. 

. Samuel Lee Kelley. The ancestors of 
Samuel Lee Kelley, of Richmond, Virginia, 
came to the United States from the north 
of Ireland, where the family of Kelley had 
long been seated. They were Irish 
patriots, Presbyterian in their religion, but 
not allied with the Orange party. The 
maternal branch — Gray — was of English 
descent and Catholic in religion. The 
founder of this American branch, Robert 
Kelley, born in Londonderry, Ireland, mar- 
ried Mary Gray. He came to the United 
States a young man, and settled in the 
south. He was a Democrat in politics, a 
Presbyterian in religious faith. Their chil- 
dren were: William, Mary, Robert (2), 
Samuel A., Lawrence, Joseph. 

(II) Samuel A. Kelley, son of Robert and 
Mary (Gray) Kelley, was born in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, died in Charlottesville, 
Virginia, in 1869, aged thirty-nine years. 
He was a soldier of the Confederacy, serv- 
ing in the "Monticello Guards," Nineteenth 
Regiment Virginia Infantry, Garnett's brig- 
ade, Pickett's division. He was a Democrat 
in politics, a Catholic in religion. He mar- 
ried, in Alexandria, Virginia, Mary J. 
Quinn, born in Donaghahadee, county 
Down, Ireland, of Irish and Scotch par- 
entage. Her family came to the United 



States in 1852. During the war between 
the states she was a nurse in Confederate 
hospitals, and at the time of the birth of 
her eldest son was matron in Howard's 
Grove Hospital, near Richmond. Children : 
Samuel Lee, of whom further ; Ernest Alex- 
ander, born September 7, 1869. After Mr. 
Keller's death Airs. Kelley married (second) 
David Shields. 

(Ill) Samuel Lee Kelley, son of Samuel 
A. and Mary J. (Quinn) Kelley, was born 
near Richmond, Virginia, June 22, 1864. 
His father at the time was a soldier in the 
Confederate army, his mother nursing the 
wounded Confederate soldiers in Howard's 
Grove Hospital, he was therefore sur- 
rounded at birth by all the gruesome evi- 
dences of war, and most appropriately was 
given the name of the great southern com- 
mander. General Lee. His father died when 
he was five years of age and his mother mar- 
ried as stated above, David Shields, a rail- 
road contractor. As his stepfather's busi- 
ness took him to various localities, Samuel 
L. Kelley obtained his education in these 
various neighborhoods but always in private 
institutions. These he attended in Char- 
lottesville, Virginia, and Huntingdon, West 
Virginia ; also taking a course at Church- 
land Academy, Norfolk county, Virginia. 
Before entering college he engaged four 
years with his stepfather in railroad and 
levee construction in the West and South- 
west, acquiring as a result of his active, 
every-day out-of-door work, a strong frame 
and a hardy constitution. But his tastes 
were literary and he did not succumb to 
the attractions of a business life. His 
mother, a woman of rare intellectuality, 
clear judgment, dominating personality and 
great force of character, encouraged and 
fostered this finer side of her son's nature 
and aided him in the determination of a 
profession. He entered Richmond College, 
passing thence in the fall of 1888 to the law 
department of the University of Virginia, 
John B. Minor still being dean, the same 
great lawyer and instructor as ever. His 
university career was brilliant and so thor- 
oughly did he master the precepts of his 
great teacher that he was graduated B. L. 
in one session — 1889. He also in that year 
received one of the most highly valued 
honors of the university, that of "final presi- 
dent" of the Washington Society. 

In 1890 he located in Richmond perma- 





^^ki^^oy 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



197 



nently for the practice of his profession, 
being actuated not less by business reasons 
than through deference to the wishes of his 
mother, who always retained a sincere love 
for the Confederate capital, near which her 
son was born, and where she was indeed an 
angel of mercy to the sick, wounded and 
dying soldiers. A lawyer of recognized abil- 
ity and admitted to practice in all state and 
federal courts of the Richmond district, Mr. 
Kelley has won a generous patronage and 
built up an influential clientele. Learned in 
the law, and skillful in the application, he 
has had a very successful career. He early 
entered political life and in council, on the 
stump, or in legislative halls, he has been a 
power in his party, and an admitted leader. 
He is a ready debater and a polished orator, 
having few equals, these qualities forcing 
him rapidly to the front ranks, both in poli- 
tics and at the bar. 

He was a member of the Richmond Demo- 
cratic city committee, and for six years, 
1899-1905. represented that city in the Vir- 
ginia house of delegates, serving the last 
two terms as chairman of the ranking com- 
mittee and floor leader. In 1900 he was 
Democratic presidential elector for the third 
Virginia district, and for four years repre- 
sented that district on the state Democratic 
executive committee. In 1908 he was presi- 
dential elector-at-large. In 1905 he found it 
necessary to devote more time to his law 
business and in consequence withdrew from 
political life beyond taking part in campaign 
work. During the years enumerated, Mr. 
Kellev was a member of the Capitol Build- 
ing and Enlargement Commission, under 
whose supervision the improvements to that 
ancient historic state house were carried to 
completion. Mr. Kelley is a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
the Knights of Columbus, and the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians, and is a Roman Cath- 
olic in religion. He is unmarried. 

Thomas Moorman Parkins, M. D. Dr. 

Thomas Moorman Parkins, a distinguished 
physician and prominent citizen of Staun- 
ton, Virginia, comes of Quaker ancestry on 
his father's side and old Virginia stock on 
his mother's. His paternal grandfather was 
Nathaniel Parkins, a farmer and miller of 
Frederick county. Virginia, and one of the 
organizers and the first president of the 
Valley Turnpike Company, which built the 



famous old turnpike and toll road between 
Winchester and Staunton, Virginia. 

John Henry Parkins, father of Dr. Thomas 
M. Parkins, was a native of Frederick 
county, Virginia, where he was born in 
1829. He was a farmer and for many years 
the agent for the McCormick reaper in 
Western Virginia. In 1876 he was selected 
by Cyrus H. McCormick to take charge of 
the exhibit of reapers at the Centennial Ex- 
position in Philadelphia. He later gave up 
his agency for Mr. McCormick and estab- 
lished a foundry in Staunton at the close of 
the war in partnership with a Mr. Nelson, 
the firm taking contracts for all kinds of 
iron construction. Mr. Parkins took an 
active part in the civil war and served in 
Imboden's command, where he was in 
charge of the commissary department. He 
married Ella Moorman, a daughter of 
Thomas Terrell and Rose Belle (Martin) 
Moorman, of Lynchburg. Virginia, where 
she, was born. Mr. Moorman was descended 
on the maternal side from the old Virginia 
family of Clarke, a representative of which 
was a member of the Virginia house of bur- 
gesses in pre-revolutionary times, the legis- 
lative body which enjoyed the distinction of 
being the first in America of which the mem- 
bers were freely chosen by the people. Mr. 
and Mrs. Parkins Sr. died respectively in 
the years 1901 and 1912, and to them were 
born seven children, as follows: i. Nathan, 
a graduate of the collegiate and law depart- 
ments of the University of Virginia and a 
practicing lawyer of Washington, D. C, 
until the time of his father's death, when he 
returned to the home place and has since 
resided there and conducted the farm. 2. 
John Henry, Jr., now a chemist in the state 
agricultural department at Richmond, Vir- 
ginia. 3. Rosabelle, now Mrs. Ernest Kee- 
see, of Richmond. 4. Christopher V., a 
farmer of Augusta county, Virginia. 5. and 
6. Mary E. and Berta, both residing on the 
home place. 7. Thomas Moorman, of whom 
further. 

Dr. Thomas Moorman Parkins received 
his general education at the Augusta Mili- 
tary Academy at Fort Defiance, Virginia, 
where he remained ten years, from 1876 to 
1886, after which he remained at home until 
the year 1891, when he entered the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons at Baltimore. 
Maryland. From this institution he gradu- 
ated with the class of 1894 and obtained his 



198 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



degree of Doctor of Medicine. From this 
date his advance to the head of his profes- 
sion has been at once rapid and sure and 
he is now one of the stafif at the King's 
Daughters' Hospital in Staunton. He is also 
occupying at present the office of coroner 
of the city. He is president of the Augusta 
County Medical Society, and has, indeed, 
held all the offices in connection with it. 
He is also a member of State and American 
Medical associations. Besides his profes- 
sional connections. Dr. Parkins is vice-presi- 
dent of the Mount Clifton Orchards Com- 
pany and has several other business inter- 
ests. 

Dr. Parkins married, April 19, 1899, Ger- 
trude Alby, a daughter of John W. and Au- 
gusta V. Alby, granddaughter of Judge 
David Fultz. Mrs. Parkins' father was a 
leading business man in Staunton prior to 
his death in 1895. l^'S business being cloth- 
ing ; he served the city in the capacity of 
councilman for many years ; he was also 
prominent in musical and church circles and 
was the conductor of the choir in the First 
Presbyterian Church there for a long time. 
His musical ability has been inherited by his 
daughter, Mrs. Parkins, who is now a mem- 
ber of the choir of the First Presbyterian 
Church. To Dr. and Mrs. Parkins has been 
born a daughter, Virginia Parkins, now a 
student in the Mary Baldwin Seminary of 
Staunton. 

Willie Thomas Pace. The Pace family of 
Virginia is an old and honored one, own- 
ing large plantations and many slaves prior 
to the war. 1861 to 1865. W. T. Pace, of 
Franklin, \irginia, is the possessor of an 
interesting document, dated June 23, 1831, 
the marriage contract between his grand- 
father, William C. Pace, and Elizabeth 
Reeves Chapel, involving 2,000 acres of land. 
William C. Pace was a wealthy planter and 
slave owner of Southampton county, and 
officially connected with the Virginia militia. 
On the maternal side W. T. Pace descends 
from the Sebrell family, many of whom were 
soldiers of the Confederacy. 

John James Pace, son of W'illiam C. and 
Elizabeth Reeves (Chapel) Pace, was born 
at the home plantation in Sussex county, 
Virginia, near Littleton Plank Road, in 
1839, and died January 18, 1867. He was a 
farmer during the few years of his adult 
years, and during the war between the states 



served in Captain Harrison's Company A, 
sharpshooters of Sussex county, attached to 
the Forty-first Regiment Virginia Infantry, 
Mahone's brigade. He married Eugenia 
Briggs, born in Southampton county, Vir- 
ginia, in 1845, '^nd died in 1902, daughter of 
Bennett and Maria (Sebrell) Briggs. Mrs. 
Pace survived her husband and married 
(second) Maximilian Herbert, of Ferry 
Point, Norfolk county, Virginia. 

Willie Thomas Pace, son of John James 
and Eugenia ( Briggs) Pace, was born on 
the ancestral acres in Sussex county, Vir- 
ginia, also the birthplace of his father, 
March 18, 1866. He was educated in the 
public schools of Sussex county, and resided 
in that county until 1881 when he removed 
to Southampton county and was a clerk in 
his uncle's store until March, 1885. He pur- 
sued a commercial course at Saddlers Busi- 
ness College in Baltimore, 1885, from whence 
he was graduated in 1885. In that year he 
located in Franklin, Virginia, where he has 
since pursued a highly successful mercan- 
tile career as bookkeeper, partner and pro- 
prietor. He began business life in Franklin 
as bookkeeper for C. C. Vaughan, continu- 
ing two years. He then spent one year with 
the Camp JNIanufacturing Company, and one 
3'ear with Pretlow & Company. On Janu- 
ary I, 1890, he formed a partnership with 
J. E. Gilliam, and as "Gilliam & Pace" con- 
ducted a successful general retail hardware 
business until February, 1893. He then pur- 
chased Mr. Gilliam's interest and has since 
conducted the business under his own name 
exclusively. His business consists of a gen- 
eral line of shelf and builders" hardware, 
paints, oils, roofing, and all the detailed lines 
connected with a modern retail hardware 
store of the best class. He has won honor- 
able distinction in the business world and 
is rated one of the successful men of his 
community. His standing in Franklin is 
best evidenced by the fact that in addition 
to building up a successful mercantile busi- 
ness, he has been recorder and for twenty- 
three years treasurer of the town. He is 
interested in the church and fraternal life 
of the town, is a member of the official board 
of the Methodist Episcopal church, regent 
of the local Royal Arcanum, and in political 
faith a Democrat. 

Mr. Pace married, March 28, 1888, Meta 
Goodman Parker, born July 12, 1865, daugh- 
ter of Goodman and Sarah (Thatch) Parker, 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



199 



of Alurfreesboro. North Carolina. Children, 
all born in I'ranklin. Virginia: i. Lelia 
Parker, born April 18, 1889, educated in the 
Franklin Female Seminary. ' 2. Willie 
Thomas (2), born September 29, 1891, edu- 
cated at F'ranklin high school and Randolph- 
Macon Academy, now associated with his 
father in the hardware business. 3. John 
James, born March 20, 1894, educated in 
public schools and Randolph-Macon Acad- 
emy, now associated with his father and 
brother in business. 4. Frank Story, born 
January 11, 1897, educated in public schools 
of Franklin and Norfolk, Virginia, now a 
student in Norfolk high school. 5. Hender- 
son Leigh, born July 12, 1900. 6. Marie 
Louise, born October 3, 1902. 7. Emmett 
Herbert, born April 19, 1905. 

Charles W. Priddy. The family of which 
Charles W. Priddy, a successful business 
men of Norfolk, \'irginia, is a worthy repre- 
sentative, is well known in the state of Vir- 
ginia, its members being noted for the up- 
rightness of their character, success in busi- 
ness life and the interest they manifest in 
the welfare of their state. 

(I) Robert Priddy, paternal grandfather 
of Charles W. Priddy, was born in Henrico 
county, Virginia, January 23, 1789, died Oc- 
tober 5, 1838. He was a farmer and planter, 
also a slave owner, and was highly respected 
by all with whom he was brought in con- 
tact. He married Nancy D. Frances, born 
November 17, 1800, died February 17, 1862. 
Robert and Nancy D. (Frances) Priddy 
were the parents of eight children : John 
Dabney, of whom further ; Frances Anne, 
born July 29, 1817, married Richard Gray, 
died in March, 1869; Joseph S., born August 
16, 1819, died April I, 1887; Elizabeth E., 
born October 9, 1822, died February 9, 1826; 
Thomas G., born August 31, 1823, died .Au- 
gust 12, 1832; Robert \\'., born January 3. 
1828, died December 6, 1901 ; William K., 
born January 20, 1831 ; Martha R. B., born 
September 18, 1833, married Henry Ellis. 
died April 18, 1865. 

(II ) John Dabney Priddy, father of Charles 
W. Priddy. was born November 6. 1815, in 
Henrico county. Virginia, died January 23. 
1887. He was also a farmer and slave 
owner, his extensive plantation being located 
in Keysville, Charlotte county, Virginia. 
He was held in high esteem by his many 
friends, and he was a man of influence in 
the communit\-. He married. October 31. 



1838. Mary E. Merryman. born July 17, 
1823, died February 6, 1895, daughter of 
Thomas F. and Peggy (Baldwin) Merry- 
man, who were the parents of two other 
children : William I., born April 17, 1817, 
died January 19, 1848, and Thomas J., date 
of birth and death unknown. Thomas F. 
Merryman was born April 18. 1782, died at 
Keysville, Charlotte county, Virginia, Au- 
gust 16, 1839; married, February 2, 1816, 
Peggy Baldwin, born September 28, 1792, 
died at Keysville, Virginia, date unknown. 
Mr. and Mrs. John Dabney Priddy were the 
parents of eight children: Margaret Ann, 
born December 27, 1842, married, July 8, 
1863, John M. Whitehead, died May 31, 
1903 ; Robert T., born October 21, 1845, mar- 
ried, October 27, 1867, Lavinia A. Watkins ; 
Sarah Eliza, born December 27, 1849, died 
January, 1881 ; John Gustavus, born April 
is. 1854. died March, 1892; Cornelia F., date 
of birth and death unknown ; Lucy Alma, 
born July 14, 1856, married, November 13, 
1878, Richard G. Bailey; Mary Helen, born 
March 6, 1858, married, November 13, 1878, 
Richard H. Gilliam, died December 3, 1885; 
Charles W'.. of whom further. 

(HI) Charles W. Priddy was born in 
Keysville. Charlotte county, Virginia, Octo- 
ber 6, 1864. He obtained a practical educa- 
tion by attendance at the county school, a 
private school, and Eastman's Business Col- 
lege, Poughkeepsie, New York, from which 
institution he was graduated in 1882. His 
first employment was as bookkeeper m a 
fertilizer factory in Richmond, Virginia, in 
which capacity he served until 1888. He 
then went to North Carolina and engaged 
in mercantile business until 1893, then 
moved to Baltimore, Maryland, and en- 
gaged in the fertilizer business, remaining 
there until 1896, the latter year coming to 
Norfolk. \'irginia, and planned and organ- 
ized the Pocomoke Guano Company of Vir- 
ginia, of which corporation he was secretary 
for some years, later becoming its presiSent, 
and under his competent management it has 
become one of the most successful firms in 
that line of business in the country. In ad- 
dition to this he serves as director and mem- 
ber of the executive committee of the Nor- 
folk National Bank, and as director of the 
American Agricultural Chemical Company 
of New York, one of the most extensive 
concerns of its kind in the world. Mr. 
Priddy is active in community aflfairs, ad- 



200 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



vancing the interests of his adopted city, 
but has never sought or held public office, 
preferring to spend his leisure time with 
his family. 

Mr. Priddy married, !March 2^, 1887, ]\Iyr- 
tie G. Young, born April 15, 1865, daughter 
of J. T. S. and Mary E. Young, of Dinvviddie 
county, Virginia. They are the parents of 
three children: Frances Y., born April 11, 
1888; Mai Merryman, born March 28, 1892; 
Sydnor Young, born December 14, 1893. 
Mr. Priddy and his family attend the Pres- 
byterian church. 

Rosewell Page. The forbears of Hon. 
Rosewell Page, of Richmond and Hanover 
county, Virginia, have in each generation 
been men of prominence in professional, 
official or military life, from the earliest set- 
tlement of Colonel John Page, of Bruton 
Parish, about 1650. The tombstone of Colo- 
nel John Page in the churchyard of that 
parish, in Williamsburg, states that he was 
"one of Their Majesties" Council in the 
Dominion of Virginia," and that he died 
January 23, 1692, aged sixty-five years. He 
came from Middlesex county, England ; his 
wife, Alice (Luckin) Page, from Essex. 

Matthew Page, the second son of Colonel 
John Page, the founder of the family in 
America, was of Rosewell, Gloucester coun- 
ty ; he also was one of "Their Majesties' 
Council." He married Marj' Mann, of Glou- 
cester. Their son, Mann Page, was also a 
member of the council. He married (sec- 
ond) Judith, daughter of "King" Carter and 
his wife, Judith (Armistead) Carter. A son 
of Mann and Judith (Carter) Page, Mann 
(2) Page, was a member of the Continental 
Congress from Virginia in 1777. His first 
wife was Alice Grymes. John Page, eldest 
son of Mann (2) and Alice (Grymes) Page, 
was a member of the board of visitors of 
William and Mary College, a member of the 
Virginia committee of safety, one of the 
founders of the college fraternity. Phi Beta 
Kappa, and governor of Virginia. His first 
wife, Frances (Burwell) Page, gave the gov- 
ernor as their eighth child, a son, Francis 
Page, who settled in Hanover county, Vir- 
ginia, and married Susan, daughter of Gen- 
eral Thomas Nelson Jr., a signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, revolutionary 
governor of Virginia, and commander-in- 
chief of the Virginia forces. Major John 
Page, son of Francis and Susan (Nelson) 



Page, was born in 1821. He was a lawyer, 
commonwealth attorney for Hanover coun- 
ty, and during the war between the states 
served as major on the stafif of General Wil- 
liam N. Pendleton, chief of artillery, Army 
of Northern V^irginia, under General Robert 
E, Lee. He was a member of the Protestant 
Episcopal church, and in politics an Inde- 
pendent. Major Page married Elizabeth 
Burwell Nelson, who bore him three sons, 
all of whom are men noted in their profes- 
sions — Thomas Nelson Page, the noted 
author and diplomat; Rev. Frank Page, a 
clergyman of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, rector of St. John's Church, Brook- 
lyn, New York ; Rosewell Page. 

Rosewell Page was born at Oakland, Han- 
over county, Virginia, November 21, 1858. 
His early education was obtained under his 
father's instruction and in private schools 
luitil his entrance to Hanover Academy, 
then conducted by Colonel Hilary P. Jones. 
In 1876 he entered the academic department 
of the University of Virginia, and in 1880 
matriculated as a student in the law depart- 
ment of that institution under Professor 
John B. IMinor. He was admitted to the 
\^irginia bar in 1881, and in November of 
that year began the practice of his profes- 
sion in Danville, Virginia, continuing until 
March, 1888. In the latter year he located 
in Richmond, where he formed a law part- 
nership with John Rutherfoord, which asso- 
ciation successfully continued until Janu- 
ary I, 1904. Mr. Page's home is in Han- 
over county, and he was the representative 
of that county in the Virginia house of dele- 
gates in 1908 and 1910, serving during the 
latter session as chairman of the committee 
on courts of ju.stice. He has attained high 
rank in his profession, is an ex-president of 
the Richmond Bar Association, and is re- 
garded as one of the most scholarly and ac- 
complished men of his state. He has ever 
been a friend of the public school system ; is 
thoroughly and openly an advocate of com- 
pulsory education ; a believer in the gospel 
of good roads ; and with all his powers of 
forceful oratory has worked for the develop- 
ment of his state along such lines. He is 
not alone the forceful, pleasing orator, but 
his public spirit impels him to personal ser- 
vice, he having served on the board of su- 
pervisors of Hanover county, and has served 
for years as a trustee of Hall's Free School, 
near his home. He was a member of the 




(/iU^i£i^rc/^y/Apt-- 



I 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



20 1 



board of visitors of the Virginia Polytechnic 
Institute at Blacksburg, from which he re- 
signed when elected second auditor of Vir- 
ginia, the position he now (1914) holds. 

Mr. Page, while learned in the law and 
skillful in its application, also possesses 
literary ability of a high order, which would 
have brought him fame had he devoted 
himself to literature instead of the law. He 
has that aptitude for happy expression that 
marks the writings of his brother, Thomas 
Nelson Page, and has published a number 
of stories and essays, the latter especially 
dealing with the historical period of the 
Virginia colony, and with economic sub- 
jects. He is a member of the college fra- 
ternity. Phi Beta Kappa, founded by his 
ancestor, Governor John Page, at William 
and Alary College. In recognition of his 
scholarship and legal and literary distinc- 
tion, Rosewell Page was elected a member 
of William and Mary College chapter of the 
beforementioned fraternity. At the Univer- 
sity of Virginia he was a Delta Psi. In poli- 
tical faith he is a Democrat, and influential 
in the state councils of his party. His club 
is the \Vestmoreland of Richmond. He is 
a member of the Protestant Episcopal 
church, has served as a delegate to diocesan 
councils many times, and in four of the gen- 
eral conventions of the church has served 
as deputy or supplementary deputy from 
his diocese. 

Mr. Page married (first) in 1887, Susan 
Dabney, daughter of Edward W. Morris, 
of Hanover county. He married (second) 
January 15, 1898, Ruth, daughter of Rev. 
Robert Nelson, D. D., a missionary of the 
Protestant Episcopal church to China for 
thirty years. Children, all by second mar- 
riage: Anne, born June 15, 1899; Rosewell 
Jr., August 9, 1902; Robert Nelson, August 
24, 1905. 

Captain John Lonsdale Roper. The true 
value of a man to the community in which 
he lives is not always apparent, neither is it 
easy to determine just what the true value 
is. Reckoned in dollars and cents, some 
men would be accorded the highest value, 
and others the lowest rank, yet the first may 
have simply lived off of his community, 
grown rich from it, and added nothing save 
to his own fortune. The latter may never 
have accumulated a dollar, yet his enter- 
prise, brains, initiative and influence may 



have developed unthought of resources, 
opened new fields of enterprise and added 
immeasurably to the public good. So to 
the men who create and develop, build and 
expand, cause capital to work for the good 
of all, would we award the garland of praise. 
This record deals with Captain John Lons- 
dale Roper and his sons, men who have 
"done things," and whose labors have been 
so directed that Norfolk has benefitted as 
well as themselves, and the great resources 
of hitherto inaccessible localities developed 
to the great benefit of many communities. 
They have caused "two blades of grass to 
grow where but one grew before," and there 
is good authority for classing such men as 
"public benefactors." 

The Ropers came to Virginia from Penn- 
sylvania, the ancestor, Richard B. Roper, 
coming from England and settling in Mif- 
flin county, that state. He married Esther 
Ann Reynolds, of Philadelphia, and gave 
to his adopted state two sons, William 
Bryhan and John Lonsdale ; also a daughter, 
Mary Matilda, who married John B. Mc- 
Williams, and had a son Arthur. William 
Bryhan, the eldest son, married Ellen Elder- 
blute and had a son, Lonsdale G., and also 
two daughters, both deceased. William 
Bryhan served in the Union army, was an 
artist and at times indulged in sketching 
whenever in camp. 

John Lonsdale Roper, the youngest son 
of Richard B. Roper, was born in Green- 
wood, Mifflin county, Pennsylvania, Octo- 
ber 9, 1835. His father died when he was 
an infant in arms, and he grew up in his 
native village under the guidance of his 
excellent mother. He attended school until 
thirteen years of age, then became clerk in 
a general store. He passed the years of his 
minority in this manner, gathering little 
else than valuable business experience. The 
"gold fever" of 1849 did not pass his locality 
by, but raged there with as great intensity 
and deadly effect as elsewhere. He, how- 
ever, remained at home until twenty-one, 
then converted what he could into cash and 
set out for the El Dorado of dreams, Cali- 
fornia. The party he joined went via the 
isthmus, and finally arrived at the gold 
fields. Young Roper had expended his cap- 
ital in transportation and arrived with little 
beyond courage and a strong body. He did 
not succeed as he hoped, but found gold in 
sufficient quantity to enable him to return to 



202 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



his native state, with a reasonable recom- 
pense for the time spent. But the trip was 
a developing agency and brought out the 
latent qualities, which years of tranquil life 
in the Pennsylvania village could not. He 
returned in 1861 to find his state ablaze 
with the excitement of war, the states hav- 
ing elected to arbitrate their differences 
by the sword drawn in mortal combat. He 
at once enlisted in the Eleventh Pennsyl- 
vania Regiment, and until March. 1865, was 
a brave soldier of the Union, following the 
flag, and sharing the fortunes of the Army 
of the Potomac through the many battles 
fought with the Confederate Army of 
Northern Virginia. He rose step by step 
from the ranks to captain, by regular pro- 
motion for "gallant and meritorious con- 
duct," and was mustered out in 1865 major 
by brevet. 

Captain Roper's youth had been spent in 
a great pine and hemlock district of Penn- 
sylvania, and he had become familiar with 
the values of standing timber. During the 
war he had been nearly the whole time in 
Virginia, and had become familiar with the 
great timber tracts of this state, particularly 
in the southeastern part and the adjoining 
part of North Carolina. With his western 
experience added he could fairly judge of 
the great value of this forest region, and also 
that Norfolk was the strategic point at 
which to center a great manufacturing and 
export lumber business. In 1865 he moved 
his residence to Norfolk and began lumber- 
ing operations in Princess Anne county, at 
a point twenty-four miles distant from 
where the Albemarle and Chesapeake canal 
entered the North Landing river. He 
erected a saw mill at that point, equipped 
with the best circular saw system, having 
an annual producing capacity of 6,000,000 
feet. He specialized in North Carolina pine, 
a grade of lumljer that had not at that time 
the high reputation it deserved, nor which it 
has since attained. The lumber he carefully 
prepared in dry kilns for the market, being 
a pioneer in the use of dry kilns also. He 
personally supervised every detail of the 
purchase of raw material, its conversion 
into lumber, and its marketing until the 
business grew to such proportions that this 
was impossible. Little by little he ex- 
panded, larger and larger tracts of timber 
land were purchased : additional mills for 
manufacturing lumber were erected ; rail- 



roads necessary to connect forests and mills 
were built ; mills for the manufacture of • 
related interests were erected along the rail- 
roads, canals and rivers, all owned and con- 
trolled by the great Roper Company. This 
continued, with Captain Roper the active 
head, until the summer of 1905, when he 
retired from active business, turning over 
to the succeeding company above a quarter 
of a million acres of timber land, owned in 
fee simple ; many lines of railroad, one of 
thirty miles in length ; five large plants, one 
just outside the city limits of Norfolk, one 
at Roper. North Carolina, another at W'in- 
thrope. North Carolina, each equal in size 
to the Norfolk plant : another plant turning 
out nothing but Juniper lumber, another 
making the "Roper Cedar Shingles." and 
many smaller mills, variously located, the 
total annual capacity being 50,000,000 feet 
of manufactured lumber. Nor does this 
statement properly demonstrate the value 
of Cajjtain Roper's far-sighted operations. 
During all these years vast sums had been 
expended in wages, new industries with 
which he was unconnected stimulated, and 
prosperity brought to a large section of 
country, and to thousands of families. He 
early adopted a liberal policy in dealing 
with communities, and with men, and to this 
he steadily adhered, hence when Roper 
Company prospered, all prospered, his suc- 
cess not being built upon the fallen fortunes 
of others, but upon the prosperity of all. 

.\t the time of Captain Roper's retirement 
from the active management of the Roper 
Lumber Company, he was interested in 
many other companies, connections that he 
retained. He was vice-president of the Vir- 
ginia Savings Bank and Trust Company ; 
the Lumberman's Maine Insurance Com- 
pany, the Seaboard Fire Insurance Com- 
pany, and others. In politics a Republican, 
he was for several years a member of the 
city council and was a member of the cham- 
ber of commerce. He is exceedingly promi- 
nent in the Masonic order, having attained 
the highest degree possible in Scottish Rite 
Masonry, the thirty-third. He is past grand 
commander of the \"irginia Grand Com- 
mandery of Knights Templar and led in the 
movement that gave to Norfolk a fine I 
Masonic Temple. He also led in financing ' 
the Woman's College of Norfolk, and or- 
ganized the United Charities, of which he 
was for years president, furthering the 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



203 



humane work of that excellent institution 
in every way possible. In religious faith 
a Methodist, Captain Roper has ever been a 
strong pillar of support to his church. By 
an upright life and walk he has done much 
to quicken the public conscience and ad- 
vance the best interests of Norfolk — church, 
charity, library and school. The cause of 
civic righteousness has profited by the com- 
ing of this big-hearted, enterprising man, 
whose fortune, honestly gained, is being 
wisely used. 

Captain Roper married, in June, 1865, 
Lydia H. Bowen, of Philadelphia. Five of 
their six children are living, three sons, of 
whom further, and two daughters. Margaret 
B. and Virginia. 

George W. Roper, eldest son of Captain 
John Lonsdale Roper, was born December 
29, 1867, in Norfolk. He was early educated 
under the direction of Robert Gatewood, 
entered Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, in Boston, in 1885, pursuing special 
courses in civil, mechanical and electrical 
engineering, under private instructors, re- 
maining two and a half years. He then 
became associated with the Roper Com- 
pany's lumber interests in North Carolina, 
and while there built and equipped the Albe- 
marle & Partego Railroad, thirty miles in 
length. In 1891 he connected officially with 
the Norfolk & Southern Railroad, later be- 
coming manager of the lumber properties of 
the Roper Lumber Company. He is now 
I)resident of the Norfolk Alarine Railway 
Company ; president of the North Carolina 
Timber Corporation ; president of the Nor- 
folk Veneer Works ; vice-president of the 
Norfolk Sand and Gravel Company ; vice- 
president of the Southern Supply Company ; 
director of the Virginia Marine Bank, and 
has other interests of lesser importance. He 
is an active member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal church and formerly superintendent of 
the Sunday school. In politics he is a Re- 
publican. His clubs are the Virginia, Nor- 
folk Yacht. Country and Borough. He is 
public-spirited and helpful in advancing the 
interests of his native city, aiding in the 
work of the Chamber of Commerce, as mem- 
ber of the traffic committee, and privately 
is most effective and helpful. 

George W. Roper married, November 6, 
1901. Isabella Place, daughter of Jedidiah 
Kilbourne and Emmeline (Place) Hayward, 



and a granddaughter of James K. Place, the 
magnate of the coffee trade. 

\\'illiam Bryhan Roper, second son of 
Captain John Lonsdale Roper, was born in 
Norfolk, Virginia, June 7, 1870. He was 
educated at Norfolk Academy, a graduate 
with the class of 1887, attended Pierce's 
Business College, Philadelphia. Pennsyl- 
vania, beginning business life as a clerk in 
the Roper Lumber Company. He was ad- 
vanced in rank to the secretary's desk in 
1899, was elected secretary and treasurer of 
the company, continuing in this dual capac- 
ity until his resignation in 1910, to acci^pt 
the same offices with the North Carolina 
Pine Association. He is also secretary of 
the Virginia Sand and Gravel Company ; 
vice-president of the Southern Supply Com- 
pany ; and otherwise interested in Norfolk 
enterprises. He is an energetic, public- 
spirited man of affairs, interested in the 
welfare of his native city and the cause of 
civic improvements, serving as a member 
of the city beautification committee. He is 
interested in young men and their welfare ; 
is president of the Norfolk Young Men's 
Christian Association, and is an official 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
He is a member of all Alasonic bodies of the 
York Rite, is past master of Atlantic Lodge, 
No. 19, Free and Accepted Masons; com- 
panion of Norfolk Chapter ; a sir knight of 
i^rice Commandery, and a noble of the Khe- 
dive Temple. Mystic Shrine. 

\\^illiam B. Roper married. April 5. 1894, 
Rose .\delia Bruce. Children : Elizabeth, 
born November 20, 1899; Lydia Bowen. 
December 29, 1904; Virginia Bruce, Octo- 
ber I, 1906. 

Albert Lonsdale Roper, youngest son of 
Captain John Lonsdale Roper, was born in 
Norfolk, May 16, 1879. He prepared at 
Norfolk Academy, taking an extra year in 
mathematics. Latin and Greek. He then 
entered Cornell University, but after one 
year there entered the University of \"ir- 
ginia. class of 1901. He then read law under 
the direction of S. S. Lambert and Claggett 
B. Jones, being admitted to the bar of Vir- 
ginia in 1903. He began practice in Nor- 
folk as member of the law firm of Roper 
& Riddleburger. and so continues. He is 
counsel for several corporations and prac- 
tices in all state and Federal courts of the 
district. He is also vice-president of an 



204 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Insurance and Realty Company. He is a 
member of the Norfolk and Portsmouth 
Bar Association, the Virginia State Bar As- 
sociation, and an official mepiber of the 
Methodist Episcopal church and interested 
in the work of all. 

Albert L. Roper married, January 22, 
191 3, Georgiette, daughter of Rev. Leigh ton 
Parks. Child. Leighton Parks, born No- 
vember 26, 191 3. 

William Henry Stroud. The "Southamp- 
ton Democrat," formerly the "Franklin 
Gazette," of, Franklin, Virginia, one of the 
most influentials journals of Southampton 
county, has for many years been under the 
ownership and editorship of William Henry 
Stroud. Mr. Stroud came to this paper, 
then the "Franklin Gazette," as manager, 
later purchasing the same and establishing 
it under its present title. That its favor is 
widespread and its stronghold fairly impreg- 
nable is shown by the fact that it has sur- 
vived the attacks of five competitive news- 
papers that have sought to enter the Frank- 
lin field, the choice of the citizens of the 
locality proving conclusively the supremacy 
of the "Democrat." 

Mr. Stroud is a son of James Stroud, born 
in York county, Virginia, in 1803, died in 
1863, who was a stone mason, a trade that 
he followed actively for many years of his 
life. He married Jane Ellen Creecy, born in 
1839, educated at Eden College, North Caro- 
lina, daughter of Robert Creecy, her father 
a planter on an extensive scale of Beaufort, 
North Carolina, who married Parthemia 
Weston. 

William Henry Stroud, son of James and 
Jane Ellen (Creecy) Stroud, was born in 
Portsmouth, Norfolk county, Virginia, June 
18, 1862, and after a course in the public 
schools of his native place became a student 
in the academy maintained by W. H. Stokes, 
at Portsmouth. After completing his stud- 
ies in Phillips JMilitary Academy, he ap- 
prenticed himself to the trade of tailor, later 
turning to that of printer, having followed 
the former for one year. After becoming a 
journeyman printer he was ^^or four years 
employed in the office of the "Portsmouth 
Daily Enterprise," and was then until 1886 
a printer in various offices in that city and 
Norfolk, Virginia. In that year Mr. Stroud 
moved to Franklin, Virginia, to assume 
charge of the "Franklin Gazette," beginning 



its management on January 18, 1886. On 
October i, of the same year, he purchased 
all rights in connection with the paper 
changing its name to the "Southampton 
Democrat," and continues its publication to 
the present time. Although the political 
sympathies of his paper are Democratic, in 
political discussion, as in all else, its views 
are fair and expressed in a manner giving no 
offense to those of different belief. Its de- 
partments are varied and give it a wide ap- 
peal, while the cleanliness of its journalism 
and its unbiased viewpoint make it a regular 
and welcome visitor in the best homes of the 
county. As previously stated, the "South- 
ampton Democrat" has safely survived the 
competition instituted by five other papers 
that vainly strove to gain a foothold in the 
territory in which the "Democrat's" popu- 
larity is greatest, and is now in the most 
flourishing condition of its career, financially 
and as regards circulation and influence. 

Mr. Stroud is past noble grand of the local 
lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and fraternizes also with the Wood- 
men of the World, and Columbian Wood- 
men, being secretary of the latter lodge at 
Franklin. Virginia. His political party is 
the Democratic, and he was once a candi- 
date for the Virginia assembly on the ticket 
of that party in the primary election against 
three other candidates. Although he did no 
personal canvassing, nor asked for a single 
vote, he received a most complimentary 
vote, as a recognition of his independent 
disposition, which he maintains on all poli- 
tical subjects. While not a communicant of 
the Baptist church, his sympathies are with 
that denomination. 

Mr. Stroud married, January 2, 1890, 
Mary Virginia Smith, born in Charlotte. 
North Carolina, in Alarch, 1865, daughter of 
Hugh and Mary V. (Butters) Smith. Mr. 
and Mrs. Stroud are the parents of: Mary 
Hazel, born in Portsmouth, Virginia, De- 
cember 16, 1890, died in August, 1895 ; Cale- 
donia, born in Franklin, Virginia, October 
15, 1892; Lee Hazelwood, born in Franklin, 
Virginia. July 14. 1897. 

Calder Smith Sherwood. Eldest of the 
four children of Oscar B. and Elizabeth 
Carolina (\\'illiams) Sherwood. Calder 
Smith Sherwood, of Portsmouth, Virginia, 
at the early age of fifteen years became the 
bread winner of his family, his father's ab- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



205 



sence in the service of the Confederate 
states placing that burden upon his youth- 
ful shoulders. This he l:)ore with constancy 
and fidelity until the close of the war re- 
stored the head of the family to his place, 
and Calder Smith Sherwood then began 
upon the career the narration of which fol- 
lows. Besides occupying a leading position 
in the jewelry trade of Portsmouth, Mr. 
Sherwood is prominent in the financial 
world, and for ten years was a factor in the 
municipal government of the city. 

(I) Mr Sherwood is a grandson of Rev. 
Smith Sherwood, a Baptist minister, who 
lived in Smithfield, Isle of Wight county, 
^'irginia, where he passed his remaining 
years. He was known throughout the 
neighborhood for the gentle kindness of his 
nature, which led him into deeds of charity 
and benevolence wherever he found need 
and want. He married Eleanor, daughter of 
of Thomas Brooks, and they were the par- 
ents of nine children : Oscar B., of whom 
further ; Lucerne, Henrietta, Mary Frances, 
William, John Hazeltine, Robert, Smith. 

(II) Oscar B. Sherwood, son of Rev. 
Smith and Eleanor (Brooks) Sherwood, 
was born in Portsmouth, Virginia, in 1818, 
died in 1896. He learned the carpentry 
trade, pursuing this until 1858, when he en- 
gaged in the mercantile business until the 
outbreak of the war between the states, 
when he became a member of the "Ports- 
mouth Rifles," mustered into the service of 
the Confederate States army as Company 
K, Ninth Regiment Virginia Infantry. At 
the expiration of this conflict he returned to 
his home in Portsmouth, resuming work at 
his trade. He was for many years a mem- 
ber of the council of Portsmouth, likewise 
serving for a long time as secretary of the 
financial board of the Court Street Baptist 
Church. He was a member of the Indepen- 
dent Order of Odd Fellows and the Im- 
proved Order of Red Men. Being pleasant 
and agreeable in manner, he attracted many 
friends. He married, in 1842, Elizabeth 
Caroline Williams, born in 1821, died in 
1903, daughter of Edward and Catherine 
(Owens) Williams, and they were the par- 
ents of four children : Calder Smith, of 
whom further; Augustus, born in 1848, de- 
ceased; William Oscar, born in 1851, de- 
ceased; Ruth Avery, born in 1856. 

(III) Calder Smith Sherwood, son of 
Oscar B. and Elizabeth Caroline (Williams) 



Sherwood, was born in Portsmouth. Vir- 
ginia, in 1846. The departure of his faiher 
for the front in the civil war placed the care 
of the family upon him as the eldest son, 
and he became an apprentice in the Ports- 
mouth Navy Yard, there being one of the 
force of workmen who converted the old 
"Merrimac" into the iron-clad "Virginia." 
After the war he became associated with 
Melville Wood, a northerner, who had taken 
advantage of the business opportunities in 
the recovering southern states to open jew- 
elry stores, one in Portsmouth and another 
in Newbern, Craven county. North Caro- 
lina. Mr. Sherwood remained in the Ports- 
mouth establishment owned by Mr. Wood 
until 1867, and from that time until October, 
1868, was connected with ^^'illiam Chap- 
man, of Norfolk, in the establishment of 
Joseph Freeman. In 1868 he commenced 
business on his own account, opening a store 
at the corner of Court and High streets, and 
subsequently he completed a transaction 
with Melville Wood by which he became 
owner of Mr. Wood's Portsmouth business, 
conducting a successful jewelry business 
under the name of C. S. Sherwood. 

In the forty years between 1868 and 1908 
the growth of his business was such as to 
place it in the front rank among the jewelry 
establishments in tidewater Virginia, con- 
stant public approval bringing success, and 
at the end of that period the business was 
incorporated with the following officers ; Cal- 
der S. Sherwood, president; William E. 
Gayle. vice-president, he having been con- 
nected with the establishment since 1891 ; 
Earnest H. Hartsell, secretary; Calder S. 
Sherwood Jr., treasurer. Upon the death of 
Mr. Hartsell, which occurred March i, 191 1, 
and who had been connected with Mr. Sher- 
wood for nineteen years, being his son-in- 
law, having married Mary V. Sherwood, 
Calder S. Sherwood Jr. assumed the duties 
of his office and is now secretary and treas- 
urer of the corporation ; he has been con- 
nected with the above business since 1901. 
Mr. Sherwood fully realizes that the above 
named officers contributed greatly to the 
success of the business, they being men of 
business acumen, ability and sagacity, each 
faithful in the performance of his respec- 
tive duties. The company bearing Mr. 
Sherwood's name is one of the soundest and 
most reliable concerns of Portsmouth, and 
is the longest established. Raising it to the 



2o6 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



commanding position in its line that it now 
occupies has been in a particular manner 
his lifework, and into its organization has 
been injected much of that stability, hon- 
esty, and rugged independence of his own 
nature, so that, meritorious and strong, it 
finds in worthy competition a source of ever- 
increasing strength. 

The high standing of Mr. Sherwood in 
the business world of Portsmouth has made 
it inevitable that his services should be 
sought in executive and advisory capacity 
by other institutions of the locality. He 
was for three years chairman of the com- 
mittee of managers of the Norfolk & Ports- 
mouth Ferries ; vice-president of the Bank 
of Portsmouth ; former president of the 
Portsmouth 6c Deep Creek Turnpike Com- 
pany, having been connected with it since 
the building of the road that it owned, and 
treasurer of the Portsmouth & Norfolk 
County Building and Loan Association, one 
of the largest in the state, which office he 
has held since its organization through 
election for thirty successive times. In the 
planning and perfecting of the mammoth 
arrangements for the Jamestown Exposition 
he played a part of great importance, being 
a member of the board of directors, vice- 
president of the board of governors, and 
governor of the department of admissions 
and concessions. During the continuance 
of this exhibition, as in the months and 
years preceding its opening, he devoted him- 
self with tmflagging energy to his multi- 
farious duties, and that event placed much 
in history to the credit of Virginia. 

For a period of four years Mr. Sherwood 
filled a position that his father had occupied 
in previous years on the Portsmouth coun- 
cil, and for six years was city auditor. In 
his identification with the Court Street 
Baptist Church in official capacity, that of 
clerk, he likewise followed in the path of 
his honored parent, who devoted himself to 
its service with untiring fidelity. He is a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, the Modern Woodmen of the 
World, the Improved Order of Red Men, 
the Knights of Pythias, of which he is past 
chancellor commander, and the Masonic 
order, in which he has passed all the chairs 
in Seaboard Lodge, No. 56, Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and belongs to Chapter No. 
5, Royal Arch Masons. 

Mr. Sherwood married. June 12, 1871, 



Mary Ella, daughter of William E. and Vir- 
ginia ( Billupsj Carhart, and they are the 
parents of four children : ^label, born in 
1872. married, in 1894, William P. Harrell ; 
Mary Virginia, born in 1878, married Earn- 
est H. Hartsell, deceased ; Calder Smith Jr., 
of whom further ; Jennie C, born in 1886. 

(I\') Calder Smith Sherwood Jr., son of 
Calder Smith and Mary Ella (Carhart) 
Sherwood, was born in Portsmouth, \'ir- 
ginia, in 1882. His preparatory education 
was obtained in institutions of Portsmouth, 
after which he studied in the University of 
\ irginia, then became associated with his 
father and learned the jewelry business. 
Upon the incorporation of the business in 
1908, JNIr. Sherwood became treasurer of the 
corporation and, as previously stated, added 
to his responsibilities in this position the 
duties of secretary upon the death of Earn- 
est H. Hartsell, the former incumbent of 
that office. J\Ir. Sherwood is president of 
the Portsmouth Young Men"s Christian As- 
sociation, and was a member of the com- 
mittee in charge of the erection of the new 
building that houses the association. He is 
a member of the Baptist church, the Knights 
of Pythias, and the Masonic order, holding 
membership in lodge, chapter and com- 
mandery, a past master of Seaboard Lodge, 
No. 56, Free and Accepted Masons. True to 
the name that he bears, he is a citizen of 
admirable parts, and is accorded the cordial 
liking and wholesome respect of his fellows, 
Mr. Sherwood married, in 1908, Lessie Wal- 
lace, and has one son, Calder Smith 3rd., 
born November, 1911. 

Alfred Leftwich Gray, M. D. This sur- 
name is evolved from De Croy, and was first 
borne by a descendant of Rolf, a Norman 
chief, who, in the ninth century, invaded 
France. This descendant received from 
Robert, Duke of Normandy, the castle and 
honor of Croy, from which the family as- 
sumed the name, later De Gray, and finally 
Gray. The name came to England with 
William the Conqueror, where it became 
Grey, the Scotch branch using the form 
Gray. Nesbit's Heraldry mentions "Pagan- 
us de Gray, equitum signifer to King \\'il- 
liam" and "Gray, Earl of Kent, chief of the 
ancient and illustrious house of Gray." 
From Burke's Peerage it is learned that 
■'the family of Gray is of great antiquity in 
Northumberland." The earliest record of 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



207 



the ancestors of Dr. Alfred L. Gray, of 
Richmond, \'irginia, is found in the muster 
roll of James City and Island, 1624, 
"Thomas Graye, Margaret, his wife, Wil- 
liam, their son. aged three years, Jane, their 
daughter, aged six years." This "Thomas 
Graye" is believed to have been the direct 
ancestor of John Gray, father of Colonel 
William Gray, who located in Goochland 
county, V'irginia, and was the great-grand- 
father of Dr. Alfred L. Gray. On the 
maternal side. Dr. Gray's great-great-grand- 
father was Captain John Leftwich, of Bed- 
ford, Virginia, father of Rev. William Left- 
wich. of Bedford county, father of Rev. 
James Leftwich, of Bedford, father of Bettie 
Ann Leftwich, wife of Alphonso A. Gray 
and mother of Dr. Gray. Colonel William 
Gray gained his military title in the war of 
1812. He was for a time engaged in mer- 
cantile business in Richmond, later moved 
to Goochland county, where he died, pos- 
sessed of a considerable estate. He mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of General John Guer- 
vant. 

Dr. William Alfred Gray (from whom Dr. 
Alfred L. Gray derives his given name), son 
of Colonel William Gray, was born in 
Goochland county, Virginia, and became a 
prominent physician. He was a Whig in 
politics, later a Democrat, and a commimi- 
cant of the Baptist church. He married, in 
1831, Mary Ann Brooks, of Fluvanna 
county, Virginia. 

Alphonso Alexander Gray, son of Dr. 
W'illiam Alfred (iray, was born Mav 22, 
1835, and became one of the leading lawyers 
of the state of Virginia, continuing in active 
practice until his death, November 12, 1008. 
He was physically unfit for service in the 
field during the war between the stai^ts, but 
served in the "Home Guard," rendering the 
cause sucii assistance as his heal*-h per- 
mitted. He represented Fluvanna county in 
the Virginia house of delegates during the 
reconstruction period following the war ; 
was commonwealth's attorney of the county 
for several years, and active in local and 
state politics. He was a member an'i vice- 
president of the Virginia State Bar Asso- 
ciation, and was held in highest esteem by 
his profess'onal brethren. He was a mem- 
ber of the Baptist church, a Democrat in 
politics, and in all things the upright, high- 
minded gentleman. He married (first) 
Sallie Terrill Shepherd, who bore him, ]\Iay 



4, 1865, a daughter, Willie Blanche, who 
married F. T. Shepherd, of Texas. He mar- 
ried (second) April 28, 1870, Bettie Ann 
Leftwich, born January 23, 1842, daughter 
of Rev. James Leftwich, a minister of the 
Baptist church, son of Rev. William Left- 
wich, son of Captain John Leftwich, an 
officer of the Continental army, son of Colo- 
nel William Leftwich, member of the revo- 
lutionary committee of Bedford county, Vir- 
ginia, a direct descendant of Robert de Left- 
wich, of "Leftwich Hall," Cheshire, Eng- 
land. "Leftwich Hall" was an estate granted 
by William the Conqueror to Richard de 
Vernon, Baron of Sliipbrook, who came 
with the Conqueror to England. After three 
generations the estate passed to Robert de 
Croxton, who married a third generation 
descendant of Richard de Vernon. This 
Robert de Croxton assumed the name Rob- 
ert de Leftwich from the Leftwich Hall es- 
tate. Children of Alphonso A. Gray and 
his second wife, Bettie Ann (Leftwich) 
Gray: Alfied Leftwich, of whom further; 
Ernest Alphonso, born February 14, 1878. 

Dr. Alfred Leftwich Gray was born at 
Palmyra, Fluvanna county, Virginia, Octo- 
ber 2, 1873. His early education was ob- 
tained under his mother's careful instruction 
at home, the first school he ever attended 
being Fluvanna Central High School at 
Palmyra, where but four sessions were 
necessary to prepare him for college, so well 
had he been taught at home. In 1890 he 
entered the University of Virginia, where 
he pursued academic study for two and one- 
half sessions. In 1894 he entered the medi- 
cal department of the University of Vir- 
ginia, whence he was graduated M. D. in 

1897. He was interne at Pennsylvania Hos- 
pital, Philadelphia, locating in Richmond in 

1898, and there beginning active practice, 
the }ears since spent there bringing him 
recognition as a learned, skillful and honor- 
able physician. His learning and experience 
have not been absorbed by private p-itients 
only, but as instructor, professor and dean 
of the LTniversit}' College of Medicine, the 
entire state has profitted. Dr. Gray became 
connected officially with this institution in 
1899 as instructor in anatomy. In 1901 he 
was elected professor of physiology, which 
chair he yet fills. In 1902 he was also placed 
in charge of the Roentgen Ray department 
of Virginia Hospital, and is now (1914) 
serving as treasurer of the American Roent- 



208 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



gen Ray Society. In 1909 he was elected 
dean of the University Coilege of Medicine. 
Upon the merger of the Medical College of 
Virginia and the University College of 
Medicine, which went into effect with the 
beginning of the 1913-14 session, as the 
Medical College of Virginia, Dean Gray 
was elected professor of physiology, asso- 
ciate professor of Roentgenology, and chair- 
man of the Medical School of the merged 
colleges. He continued general private 
practice until 1908, when he limited his 
practice to Roentgenology, and is now 
Roentgenologist to the Virginia Hospital, 
the Memorial Hospital. St. Luke's Hospital, 
Grace Hospital, and Stuart Circle Hospital, 
all of Richmond. It is seldom that recog- 
nition so satisfactory and honorable comes 
to a professional man of Dr. Gray's years. 
The honors that have come to him have 
been fairly earned, for as student, interne, 
physician, professor or dean, he has given 
of his best, with an energy and zeal that 
have been tireless. There is no element of 
manhood lacking in his character, and what- 
ever honors the future may bestow they will 
be earned and as well deserved as those of 
the past. He is a member of many profes- 
sional and scientific societies, and is con- 
nected with the following college fraterni- 
ties and organizations : Phi Kappa Sigma, 
Eh Banana. "Z," O. F. C, "13 Club" (Uni- 
versity of Virginia). His other clubs are 
the Westmoreland, Country of Virginia, and 
the Richmond Automobile. His church 
membership is with the Second Baptist 
Church of Richmond, his wife belonging to 
Centenary ]\Iethodist Episcopal Church. In 
political faith he is a Democrat. 

Dr. Gray married, December 23, 1903, at 
Charlottesville. Virginia, Alice Lear Clark, 
born in Petersburg, Virginia, August 27, 
1879, daughter of Lyman Emery and Alice 
Ann (Lear) Clark, her father auditor and 
assistant treasurer of the Atlantic Coast 
Line Railroad. She has a sister, Ruth 
Leigh, and a brother, Lyman Emery (2) 
Clark. Children: Alfred Leftwich (2), born 
July II, 1907; Ernest Emery, July 2, 1909. 

Roderick Triplett, lawyer, Portsmouth, 
Virginia, was born at Gainesville, Prince 
William county, Virginia. 1874; reared on a 
farm ; educated in the public schools and 
the College of William and Mary: taught 
two years in the public schools of his native 
county ; came to Norfolk county, Virginia, 



1898, to become principal of one of the 
graded schools ; continued in that capacity, 
and as principal of the Western Branch 
High School, until July, 1908, when he re- 
signed to engage in the active practice of 
law ; studied law privately under the direc- 
tion of H. H. Rumble, Esq., of Norfolk, and 
at the summer law school of the University 
of Virginia ; has been bail commissioner of 
Norfolk county since 1904; is one of the 
commissioners in chancery of the circuit 
court of Norfolk county ; and commissioner 
of accounts for the circuit court of the city 
of Portsmouth : in politics, independent : 
was presidential elector for the second dis- 
trict of Virginia, on the Taft ticket, in 1912. 

He is a son of Hayward Foote and Vir- 
ginia Richardson Triplett, of Gainesville, 
Prince William county, Virginia ; grandson 
of Ha3'ward Foote Triplett, Sr., of the same 
county ; great-grandson of Dr. William H. 
Triplett, of Front Royal, Virginia, and 
great-great-grandson of Colonel Simon 
Triplett, of the revolutionary army, of 
Loudoun county, Virginia. His parents 
being distantly related, he also descended 
on his mother's side from the same ances- 
tor, Colonel Simon Triplett. His mother 
was Heriot Virginia (Richardson) Triplett, 
daughter of Richard A. Richardson, of Fair- 
fax county, who married Heriot Roberdeau, 
daughter of James M. and Martha Lane 
Roberdeau, of Fairfax county ; the latter be- 
ing a daughter of James Lane Triplett, a 
son of Colonel Simon Triplett. James M. 
Roberdeau. great-grandfather of Roderick 
Triplett, was the youngest son of General 
Daniel Roberdeau, of the revolutionary 
army, and a member of the Continental 
Congress. 

Hayward Foote (i) Triplett, grandfather 
of Roderick Triplett. married Evelina Mc- 
Lane Lewis, daughter of Francis Mont- 
gomery Lewis, of Prince William county, 
Virginia ; his father. Dr. William H. Trip- 
lett, of Front Royal, Virginia, married 
Catherine Foote Alexander, daughter of 
John Stuart and Catherine Foote Alexander, 
of Fairfax county : and Colonel Simon Trip- 
lett, father of Dr. William H. Triplett, mar- 
ried Martha Lane, daughter of Major James 
Lane, of Fairfax county. 

Hayward Foote (2) 'Triplett, the father of 
Roderick Triplett, lived and died at Gaines- 
ville, Prince William county, Virginia. He 
was a merchant for a number of years, and 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



209 



from 1884 until his death, which occurred 
in 191 1, he was engaged in farming. He 
raised a family of eight children, three of 
whom were girls, and five were boys, Roder- 
ick being the oldest. At the beginning of 
the civil war, he enlisted under the command 
of Captain Pelham, was with him when the 
latter was killed, and was himself severely 
wounded, causing the loss of his right leg, 
in an engagement at Blackburn's Ford, 
Prince William county, in July, 1863. 

Roderick Triplett, in 1904, married Lelia 
Estelle Jackson, daughter of J. Tyler Jack- 
son, of Charlottesville, Virginia. They have 
four children, all boys. 

Henry Adams Tabb. The Tabb family is 
one of the oldest in Virginia, and is now 
represented in many sections of the United 
States. It was active during the revolution, 
was prominent in the Episcopal church, and 
the name is found associated with all the 
best movements in the history of the Old 
Dominion. 

Humphrey Tabb was in Virginia as early 
as 1637, and patented land on Harris creek, 
in Elizabeth City county, in that year. In 
the following year he patented additional 
land, and in 1656 nine hundred acres more. 
In 1 65 1 he had a grant of one thousand acres 
in Northumberland county, but probabh- 
never lived upon it. He was burgess for 
Elizabeth City in 1652, and died before 1662. 
In that year the nine hundred acres on 
Harris creek were re-entered in the name of 
his son and heir, Thomas Tabb. His wife's 
name was Joanna, and only one child is 
known. The son, Thomas Tabb, died be- 
fore February 17, 1696, as shown by a re- 
ceipt from his son. His widow Martha be- 
came the second wife of Edmund Sweney, 
who turned over to the son, Thomas Tabb, 
his father's estate and cattle received from 
the son's grandmother, Joanna Tabb, as 
shown by the receipt above named, Thomas 
Tabb had children : Humphrey, Thomas, 
John, William, Edward and Elizabeth. 

The third son, John Tabb, married 
Martha, daughter of Richard and Frances 
(Purefy) Hand, the latter being a daughter 
of Thomas Purefy, whose father. Captain 
Thomas Purefy, was justice of Elizabeth 
City in 1628-29, burgess, 1629-30, councillor, 
1631-32. Through his marriage John Tabb 
received property from the estate of Rich- 
ard Hand. He is known to have had two 

VIA— 14 



sons : Thomas, of Amelia county, and Ed- 
ward. 

Edward Tabb settled in Gloucester 
county, on his farm Toddsbury. By his 
wife Lucy he had a son Philip, who married 
Mary Mason Booth, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Elizabeth Wythe. They had four sons : 
Thomas Tabb, of Toddsbury ; John, of 
White Marsh; Philip Edward, of Waverly, 
and Henry Wythe. 

Henry Wythe Tabb, of Auburn, the 
youngest son of Philip and Mary (Booth) 
Tabb, was born July 3, 1791, at Toddsbury, 
in Gloucester county. He prepared for col- 
lege under the tutorship of Jeremiah Evarts 
(Yale, 1808), at New Haven, Connecticut, 
and, entering Yale, was graduated in Sep- 
tember, 1813. Following this, he pursued 
the study of medicine during two winters at 
Philadelphia, and in the spring of 1815, 
after visiting England and the continent of 
Europe, returned to England. He left Nor- 
folk for England on the ship "Philip Tabb," 
owned and commanded by his brother, 
Philip E. Tabb, being the first passenger 
from the United States to England after the 
Treaty of Peace between tie two countries. 
He studied six months at a London hospital. 
For the succeeding six months he was as- 
sistant to Henry Cline Jr., surgeon at St. 
Thomas Hospital. London, then graduated 
at the Royal College of Surgeons under Sir 
Astley Cooper, the most celebrated English 
surgeon. He visited the medical schools of 
Edinburg, Dublin, and Paris, and in 1818, 
settled at Richmond, Virginia, and en£-,aged 
in practice of surgery and medicine. Ii; T821 
he removed to Auburn, Matthews county, 
Virginia, where he practiced many years, 
and also managed his plantations, dying 
September, 1863, in his seventy-third year. 
He married (first) in 1821, Hester Van- 
Bibber, of Matthews county, which was the 
cause of his settling at Auburn, near her 
birthplace. She died February, 1823, with- 
out issue, and he married (second) in July, 
1828, Martha Tompkins, who died Septem- 
ber 17, 1842. He married (third) in Brook- 
lyn, New York, October 6, 1846, Ellen A. 
Foster, born 1829, in Massachusetts, died in 
1858. One son and four daughters were 
born of the second marriage. The son and 
third daughter died in infancy. The issue 
of the third marriage was two sons and 
three daughters ; the second son and second 
daughter died in early youth. 



210 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Henry Adams Tabb, only surviving sen 
of Dr. Henry W. Tabb, and his third vviie 
Ellen Foster, was born February 24, 184S. 
at Auburn, Mathews county. \''irginia, and 
was educated under private tutors and in a 
private school at Petersville, Maryland. He 
is a member of the Southern Society md 
the Virginians of .\ew York City, the Stattn 
island Association of Arts and Sciences, c.ie 
Civic League and the Confederate Veteran 
Camp of New York. His home is at Arrc- 
char, Staten Island. He married Jeannie 1:'. 
.Shepard, born on Tabb street, Petcrsl)urg. 
Virginia, daughter of Charles Shepard, v>f 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, and Mary (Sw.nn) 
Shepard, his wife, of Petersburg, Virginia. 
The elder daughter, Cynthia Claxton Tabb, 
married her cousin, Hon. John N. I'abb, f'f 
Newstead, Gloucester county, Virginia. 
They live on their farm "Showan," and have 
two sons: l^r. Henry A. Tabb and John H. 
Tabb, attorney. The younger daughter 
Susy Vanderpoel Tabb, married David P. 
Sanders; they have one son, Vanbibber 
Sanders, and live on their farm "Clerni'int,"' 
Gloucester county. Virginia. 

Theodore Jackson Wool. James Harvey 
Wool. A study of the \\ool family in 
America carries one to the early colonial 
days when two Wool brothers came from 
Holland, settling in New York state. Six 
sons of these emigrants served in the re\ C'- 
lutionary war, and in the city of Troy. New 
York, is a monument to a descendant, Gen- 
eral John E. Wool, who served with dis- 
tinction in the Mexican war. Through their 
mother, Theodore J. and James H. Wool, of 
Norfolk, trace to the famous Anneke Jans 
and Rev. Evardus Bogardus, of early New 
Amsterdam, and from whom the celebrated 
Trinity Church property controversy 
sprang. This line of descent traces through 
Elmira (Demarest) Wool, daughter ot 
Abraham C. and Elizabeth (Brower) Dema- 
rest, who were married June 6, 1818. Eli.'a- 
beth Brower was a daughter of Abraham 
and Rebecca (Stevens) Brower, and grand- 
daughter of Uldric Brower and his wife, 
Nancy (Campbell) Brower. Uldric was a 
son of Abraham and Elizabeth (Ackermsn) 
Brower, who were married in 1725, and a 
grandson of Sybrant Brower, v.-ho married 
Sarah Webber, May 22, 1706. Sybrant 
Brower was a son of Jacob Brower, who 
married, January 29. 1682, at New Amster- 



dam. .-\ntia Bogardus, born October 3, 1662, 
daughter of William Bogardus and Winnie 
I'Sybrant) Bogardus. the latter married \u- 
gust 29, 1659. William was the son of Rev. 
Evardus Bogardus, who was the 5econd 
husband of Anneke Jans. Her first husband, 
Robert Jans. Anneke Jans, whose maiden 
name was Webber, is said to have been a 
descendant of William IV. of Holland. 

(I) James Wool, the first in this line of 
whom there is record, settled in the -.r^vn 
of Roxbury, Delaware county, New York, 
prior to the French and Iiidian war. He 
erected a saw and grist mill at Roxbury, 1)ut 
later, becoming alarmed at the threats of 
the Indians, buried his valuables and moved 
with his family to Orange countv. New 
York, his then youngest son, Roberi mak- 
ing the journey in a basket, swung over the 
horses" backs. Later he moved northward, 
settling in Lansingburg, now Troy, Reii.-'^- 
selaer county. New York. There he settled 
on a farm that was long in the possession ot 
his descendants. He was compelled to lea^■e 
the farm in 1776 and seek refuge in the town 
to escape the raiding Indians and Tories. 
James Wool had six sons, all of \\diom 
served in the revolutionary army, om: of 
them, Isaiah, being a captain of artillery. 
Jeremiah was a member of the committee 
of safety in New York City. Ellis was taken 
prisoner and died in the old sugar house 
prison in New York. John was with Wayne 
at Stony Point, and also was a prisoner in 
the old sugar house and there died. He was 
the father of General John Ellis \\'ool, of 
previous mention. James (2), the youngest 
son, was only fifteen years of age when he 
fought at Bennington. "I was a tall strong 
lad, and they let me fight." He lived in 
Lansingburg until his death, about 1854, 
aged ninety years. 

(H) Robert Wool, son of Jamej Wool, 
was l)orii ''n Delaware county. New York, 
but hi>-- youth was spent in Orange cou-uv, 
in that state, and there he married. He on- 
listed in a company formed in Orange 
county to repel the British in their march 
U]) the Hudson to relieve Burgoyne, and in 
an engagement was taken prisoner. He was 
confined first on a prison ship in the Hud- 
son, with his brothers, John and Ellis, but 
after six weeks there they were taken to the 
old sugar house prison. Here John and 
Pdlis died from the effects of their inhuman 
treatment — contracting prison fever. Rob- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



211 



ert, alone, of the brothers survived, and after 
about a year was released and returned to 
the army. After the war he married Eliza- 
beth Douglass, in Orange county, and en- 
gaged in the manufacture of wooden heels 
for boots and shoes. He had two sons, 
Ellis and James, born in Orange county. 
About the year 1790 he moved to Harpers- 
field in Delaware county, New York, near 
the head waters of the Delaware river, 
where he died about 1826, aged seventy-six 
years. There his children. Elizabeth, Polly, 
Robert (2), John and Joseph, were born. 
Three of Ins sons, James, Robert and John 
served in the second war with Great Britain, 
1812-14. 

(III) Joseph Wool, son of Robert and 
Elizabeth (Douglass) Wool, was born at 
Harpersfield, Delaware county, New York, 
in 1798, died at Tenafly, Bergen county. 
New Jersey, in 1882. He married, in 1827. 
and lived on the old homestead farm in 
Delaware county until 1839. then moved 
to the town of Harpersfield, thence to 
Davenport, until 1846 engaging in farming. 
In the latter year he removed to RensselavT 
county. New York, where he farmed for one 
year, then removed to Rockland county. New 
York, near Spring Valley. In 1852 he re- 
moved to Nyack. New York, but after a 
year returned to Spring Valley, which vv'as 
his home until 1880. The last twenty years 
of his life he resided at Tenafly, where l:e 
died in 1882. He married, in 1827. in the 
town of Cartright, Elizabeth Craig, bo''n in 
the north of Ireland, near Ballybay, 
Monoghan county. Children : James (Iraig, 
of whom further ; Robert Given, born Octo- 
ber 2. 1832; Jane, born March 9, 1835; 
Elizabeth Anne, born December 14, 1839; 
Mary Ellen, born January 14, 1841. 

(IV) James Craig Wool, eldest son of 
Joseph and Elizabeth (Craig) Wool, »vas 
born in Delaware county, New York. .Sep- 
tember 22. 1828 died in 1895. He married, 
in 1855. and settled in Nyack, New York, 
which was his home until 1876. In that 
year he came to Virginia, settling in Peters- 
burg. In 1886 he moved with his family \o 
Briery. Prince Edward county ; thence after 
three years to Charlotte county, near Kevs- 
ville, engaging in farming until hii death. 
James Craig Wool married, December 2^. 
1855, Elmira Demarest. born August 15, 
1828. died 1906. daughter of Abraham and 
Elizabeth (Brower) Demarest. From this 



marriage descent is traced to tlic Dutch 
families of New Amsterdam, previously 
noted. The Demarests were of French 
Huguenot blood, the Browers of Holland 
ancestry. Children of James Craig Wool : 
I. Franklin, bom October 19, 1856, died in 
childhood. 2. John Ellis, born August 15, 
1858, in Nyack, New York, educated in 
public and private schools and at the Union 
Theological Seminary at Hampden-Sidney, 
class of 1886, took holy orders and was 
ordained a minister of the Presbyterian 
church the year of his graduation ; preached 
his first sermon at Hampden-Sidney on the 
"Wisdom of Solomon ;" his first pastorate 
was the old Briery church in Prince Ed- 
ward county, where he remained until 1894; 
he then became an evangelist for the synod 
of Virginia, working in the mountains of 
Virginia until 1904: he then resumed regular 
ministerial duties : has served three churches 
and is now pastor of the church at Cornel- 
ius. North Carolina ; he married, June 27, 
1900, Katherine Rachella Kelley, who died 
May 17, 1901 ; her son, James Craig (2), 
was born May 11, 1901. 3. Abraham Dema- 
rest, born February 16, 1861, died Novem- 
ber 9. 1886; he married, June 3, 1884, Annie 
Neville Mays. 4. Theodore Jackson, of 
whom further. 5. James Harvey, of whom 
further. 6. Joseph Warren, born May 26, 
1869, died 1896; was educated for the law 
and was practicing his profession in Char- 
lotte county. Virginia, at the time of his 
death. Of the five sons of James Craig 
Wool, who arrived at mature years, four 
chose professional careers, two becoming 
lawyers, one a minister, and the fourth a 
dental surgeon. 

(V) Theodore Jackson Wool, son of 
James Craig and Elmira (Demarest) Wool, 
was born in Nyack, New York, June 17, 
1865. He attended public school there until 
ten years of age ; his parents then brought 
him to Virginia, where he completed his 
education at McCabe University School, and 
Hampden-Sidney College, obtaining his de- 
gree of Bachelor of Arts from the latter in- 
stitution, class of 1887. After graduation 
he taught for two years in Charlotte county, 
Virginia, being principal in the schools at 
Keysville and Smithville. when he was 
elected principal of the Portsmouth. Vir- 
ginia, schooj, a position he satisfactorily 
filled for three years. He decided upon the 
profession of law and after private courses 



212 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



of study entered the University of Virginia 
Law School, whence he was graduated 
Bachelor of Laws in 1893, ^"d admitted to 
the bar. He began and continues practice 
in Norfolk and Portsmouth, where he is 
well established and highly regarded. He has 
made a specialty of the law of real estate and 
the law of corporations, confining himself to 
such cases as come under either of these 
heads. He has been admitted to all state 
and Federal courts of the district, and is a 
frequent pleader in all. He was general 
counsel for the Jamestown Exposition Com- 
pany, and represents important business in- 
terests in Norfolk and elsewhere. He is a 
member of the Norfolk and Virginia State 
Bar Associations ; the Chamber of Com- 
merce ; belongs to many clubs and organi- 
zations, and is a communicant of the Pres- 
byteria-n church. In politics he is a Demo- 
crat and interested in all that pertains to the 
public good. Mr. Wool has never accepted 
public office except as a member of the Nor- 
folk Board of Education, public education 
being one of the many subjects in which 
he is deeply interested. 

He married, June 28, 1892, Esther Todd, 
of Portsmouth, Virginia. Children : Darius 
Todd, born October 22, 1893 ! Esther, June 
19, 1895; Theodore Jackson (2), July 26, 
1898; John Ellis (2), October 28, 1905; 
Joseph Craig, November 7, 1908. 

(V) Dr. James Harvey Wool, fifth son 
of James Craig and Elmira (Demarest) 
Wool, was born in Nyack, New York, Feb- 
ruary I, 1867. He attended the public schools 
of Petersburg, \"irginia, his parents moving 
to that city when he was eight years of age. 
After his preparatory course he entered 
McCabe University School, later attended 
Hampden-Sidney College ; then entered the 
dental department of the University of 
Maryland, whence he was graduated D. D. 
S., class of 1892. He began the practice of 
his profession in Farmville, Virginia, re- 
maining two years. In 1894 he located in 
Charlotte county, continuing until 1896, 
then in Pulaski, Virginia, until 1900. In the 
latter year he established in practice in Nor- 
folk, Virginia, where he continued very suc- 
cessfully alone until November, 1913. He 
then formed a partnership with Dr. William 
H. Hamilton and so continues. Dr. Wool is 
a dental surgeon of high reputation, his 
practice specialty being crown and bridge 
work. He is a member of Ruth Lodge, No. 



89, Free and Accepted Masons; Norfolk 
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons; Norfolk 
Council. Royal and Select Masons; Grice 
Commandery, Knights Templar, and Khe- 
dive Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine. 
He is also a member of Criterion Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias. In political faith he is 
a Democrat, and in religious affiliation a 
member of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Norfolk. 

Dr. Wool married. May 4, 1892, Marie 
Hunter Averett. Children: James Averett, 
born July 13, 1893; Elmira Demarest, born 
February 9, 1896. 

Charles Armistead Blanton. The surname 
Blanton is traced back to the fifteenth cen- 
tury and is a corruption of the ancient 
Scotch border family name Ballantine. the 
evolution being through Ballantine. Blan- 
tine, Blanten to Blanton. In an old manu- 
script dated 1459, reference is found to the 
family, and in an older manuscript, John 
Blanton, evidently of the same family, is 
named. At the time Queen Elizabeth reign- 
ed, the family was seated in Lancashire. 
The escutcheon of the Blanton family is : A 
plain shield with a background of silver; 
diagonally from dexter chief point to sinister 
base point runs a broad band of sky blue, 
bearing on it the figures of three lions ram- 
pant. The whole is surrounded with a nar- 
row black margin. 

The first member of the family in Virginia 
was Robert Blanton, presumably from Lan- 
cashire, England, who settled in Cumber- 
land county, Virginia, in 1700, there engag- 
ing in farming. Later, families of this name 
were found in Spottsylvania, Stafford and 
Caroline counties, Virginia, who are be- 
lieved to be descendants of the original 
settler, Robert Blanton. The line of descent 
to Dr. Charles A. Blanton is through David 
Blanton, a son of the emigrant. Robert Blan- 
ton. 

David Blanton, a farmer of Cumberland 
county, Virginia, owned and managed a 
plantation at Brown's Church, about eight 
miles north of Farmville. He married 
Frances Johns, who died in 1859, aged 
eighty-four years, daughter of Joseph Johns, 
of Cumberland county, and was the father 
of a large family. His eldest son, Ander- 
son, left three sons, Alexander, Edward and | 
John. 

James Blanton, second son of David and 




6L.^^^ 



/^fH^ 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



213 



Frances (Johns) Blanton, was born in 
Cumberland county. Virginia, March 6, 
1796. He was a man of versatile talents; 
owned an estate of several thousand acres, 
with over one hundred slaves ; was a magis- 
trate, and as such arbitrated many legal dis- 
putes among his neighbors in the county. 
His high character, sound judgment, and 
sagacity, in addition to his wisdom and 
learning, were guarantees of justice, and his 
decisions were rarely appealed. He gained 
a wide reputation and was an important 
factor in the business life of his county. 
Much of the money loaned and invested in 
the community passed through his hands. 
He was a Whig in politics, and a member 
of the Presbyterian church. He married 
Nancy Thornton Walker, and at his death 
left her a fortune of over one hundred thous- 
and dollars, a large sum for that day. Chil- 
dren : William David, born October 2, 1819: 
Philip Southall, of further mention ; James 
Madison ; Walker Burton ; Francis Baker ; 
Benjamin Watkins Leigh ; Mary Walker ; 
Judith Thornton ; ]\Iartha Wilson. 

Dr. Philip Southall Blanton, son of James 
and Nancy Thornton (Walker) Blanton, 
was born in Cumberland county, Virginia. 
June 30, 1824, died from an overdose of 
medicine in 1863, at the early age of thirty- 
nine years. He was a graduate of Hamp- 
den-Sidney College, Virginia, taking first 
honors, and obtained his degree of M. D. at 
Jeiifefson Medical College, Philadelphia. He 
was a distinguished physician and a man of 
scholarly attainments. He was a Whig in 
politics, and a Presbyterian. He married, 
in Cumberland county, Virginia, February 
5, 1852. Nancy Miller Armistead, born in 
Buckingham county, V^irginia, August 24, 
1829, second daughter of Rev. Jesse S. Armi- 
stead, D. D., a theologian of wide reputation 
and an eloquent, forceful preacher. Chil- 
dren : James Truehart, born October 26, 
1852; Jessie, May 23, 1834; Prescott South- 
&\\. February 17, 1856; Philip Southall (2), 
October 5, 1857; Charles Armistead, of 
further mention ; Maria Page, born April 4, 
1861. 

Charles Armistead Blanton, M. D., of the 
city of Richmond, Virginia, youngest son 
of Dr. Philip Southall and Nancy Miller 
(.Armistead) Blanton, was born at "West 
Hill," Cumberland county, Virginia, July 
23, 1859. His early and academic education 
was obtained in private Virginia schools, 



his medical educational training at the 
Medical College of Virginia, whence he was 
graduated M. D. in June, 1881. He began 
the practice of his profession in Richmond 
almost immediately after graduation, and 
for thirty-three years has zealously followed 
the medical profession. From 1887 to 1894 
he was a member of the adjunct faculty of 
the Medical College of Virginia, professor 
in same ; chair of Materia Aledica and Ther- 
apeutics, in 1894 to 1898, professor in same; 
chair of children's diseases, 1898 to 1910. 
elected Emeritus professor of same in 191 1 ; 
and is pediatrician to Memorial Hospital, 
Richmond. He is a member of the Amer- 
ican Medical Association ; member of the 
Southern Medical Association ; member of 
the Medical Society of Virginia ; member of 
Richmond Academy of ]\Iedicine and Sur- 
gery, and since 191 1 trustee of Hampden- 
Sidney College. His college fraternity is 
Pi Mu (Medical). He is a communicant of 
the church of his fathers, he and his family 
being members of the First Presbyterian 
Church, Richmond. 

Dr. Blanton married, in the Second Pres- 
byterian Church of Richmond, December 
27,- 1888, Elizabeth Brown Wallace, born in 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, February 19, i860, 
daughter of Howson Hooe and Elizabeth 
Skyrin (Crouch) Wallace. Howson H. 
W^allace, a merchant, enlisted in the cavalry 
service in the Confederate army in 1861, but 
a fractured leg early unfitted him for further 
active service, and during the remainder of 
the conflict between the states he occupied 
a clerical position in the treasury depart- 
ment of the Confederate government. He 
had children ; John Thomas, Elizabeth 
Brown, Howson Hooe (2), Mollie Temple, 
Lucy Skyrin, Helen Glassell (deceased), 
Walter Bernard, Katherine Spottswood (de- 
ceased). Children of Dr. Charles A. and 
Elizabeth Brown (Wallace) Blanton: i. 
Wyndham Boiling, born June 3, 1890; grad- 
uate of Hampden-Sidney College, A. B., 
class of 1910; University of Virginia A. M., 
class of 1912 ; now a medical student in Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 
City (Columbia University). 2. Howson 
Wallace, born February 9, 1892 ; graduate 
of Hampden-Sidney College, A. B., class of 
1912; teacher of physics and chemistry in 
John .Armstrong High School, Richmond, 
1912-13; now a medical student in College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 



214 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



City (Columbia University). 3. 
Skyrin, born October 16, 1896. 



Elizabeth 



Walter S. Whitmore, M. D., a distin- 
guished physician and citizen of Staunton, 
Augusta county, Virginia, is of Virginia 
parentage, and was born October 14, 1S73, 
a son of Jacob A. and Louise (Rubush) 
Whitmore, both natives of Augusta county, 
where the father was a prosperous farmer. 

Ur. Whitmore obtained the elementary 
portion of his education at the local public 
schools and later took a three years course 
at the Augusta Military Academy at Fort 
Defiance, Virginia, and attended for one 
year the academic department of the Uni- 
versity of Virginia. Upon the completion of 
his general education, he took a position as 
teacher in the Rockingham High School, 
where he remained for three years. At this 
time, having made up his mind to the pro- 
fession of medicine, he entered the medical 
department of the University of Virginia, 
graduating from there in 1 90 1 with the de- 
gree of M. D. He remained two years after 
graduation with the University Hospital at 
Charlottesville, Virginia, and later went to 
St. Vincent's Hospital at Norfolk to gain the 
requisite experience. He then went to 
Mount Sidney, Virginia, where he estab- 
lished himself in practice, and continued 
there with success for seven years. Per- 
ceiving the larger field which awaited him 
in the city of Staunton, he removed to that 
center, where he has been engaged in a 
highly successful private practice besides 
holding the position of surgeon for the Balti- 
more & Ohio Railroad. Since the year 191 1 
Dr. Whitmore has been associated with Dr. 
J. B. Catlett in the founding and operating 
of the new Staunton Sanitarium. Dr. Whit- 
more is associated with a number of medi- 
cal societies, being a member of the Augusta 
County, the State of Virginia and the Amer- 
ican Medical associations, and the vice- 
president of the former. He is also a member 
of the Railway Surgeons Association and 
the Alumni xAssociation of the University of 
Virginia. He is the present president of the 
Board of Health, and since July, 1913, city 
physician. He gives a great deal of time and 
attention to civic affairs generally and is an 
active member on the Democratic commit- 
tees. He is a member of the Masonic order 
and of those of the Elks and Eagles. Dr. 
Whitmore is unmarried. 



George Benjamin West. Long seated in 
\'irginia, this branch of the family of West 
has ever been identified with the activities 
and institutions of the state, and in the per- 
son of George Benjamin West has, for half 
a century, been represented in the business 
world of Newport News. 

When the Federal troops landed at New- 
port News on May 27, 1861, Parker West 
and his family were living on his farm and 
were caught within their lines. Permis- 
sion was given them to move, and they 
refugeed to Richmond, with very little be- 
side their clothes, leaving slaves, crops, 
cattle, utensils and furniture. At this time 
Parker West could walk but a short distance 
on account of rheumatism. His older son, 
William D. West, had enlisted in the Old 
Dominion Dragoons and was living on an- 
other farm and was not caught within the 
Federal lines. George B. West had arrived 
from the University of Virginia a week or 
two before and was at home. When the 
family were settled in Richmond he secured 
a position in the quartermaster's department 
and continued in it until he was discharged, 
April 17, 1865, at Greensboro, North Caro- 
lina, having left Richmond, April 2, 1865, 
on the night of its evacuation. The patriot- 
ism and loyalty thus displayed have char- 
acterized the line in all generations, and 
since war could not always bring these 
qualities to the surface, they have been 
evidenced in the lives of active, purposeful, 
and useful citizens. 

Benjamin West, grandfather of George B. 
West, was a resident of Accomack county, 
Virginia, where he owned and successfully 
operated a large plantation. By his mar- 
riage with Margaret Russell he had issue, 
one of his sons. Parker, of whom further. 

Parker West, the son of Benjamin and 
]\Iargaret (Russell) West, was born in 1803, 
and died in 1872, aged sixty-nine years. 
His youthful studies were pursued under 
private instruction, and in young manhood 
he began agricultural operations, which 
were interrupted by the outbreak of the war 
between the north and the south. During 
the conflict, his health being improved, he 
served from 1863 to the evacuation of Rich- 
mond, in the Confederate States navy in the 
navy yard at Richmond. In 1844 he moved 
his family to Hampton, \'irginia, to give his 
children the advantages of good schools, 
but continued his farming under overseers. 



MRGIXIA BIOGRAPHY 



215 



About 1 85 1 he became proprietor of a shoe 
store and continued in the business until 
i860, when he moved his family back to 
the Newport News farm, his younger chil- 
dren being sent to colleges. He became 
totally blind soon after the war. He was a 
successful business man, popular among his 
associates, and was generous to a fault. 
Parker West was a communicant of the 
Hampton Baptist Church, and in early life 
supported the ^^■hig party in politics. 

He married, in 1827, ]\Iary Drummond 
Bell, born in iSoi, died in 1865, and had 
issue: i. ^largaret, born in 1828, died in 
1829. 2. Mary E., born in 1831. died in 189S; 
married \V. P. Marrow, and had William 

D. and Betty B-., married W. B. Vest. Mr. 
Marrow was a member of a volunteer com- 
pany. Wythe Rifles, before the war, and 
served in' it as Company A, Thirty-second 
Virginia Infantry untif the surrender. 3. 
Sarah lane, born in 1832, died in 1844. 4- 
William D.. born 1833, died in 1862, having 
been discharged from his company in 1861, 
to serve in the adjutant-general's office in 
Richmond. 5. Elizabeth R., born 1835, died 
in 1885. 6. George B., of whom further. 7. 
Missouri P., born in 1841 ; married Mortimer 
Smith, and has Emily, who married \\illiam 

E. Barrett. 

George Benjamin West, son of Parker 
and Marv Drummond (Bell) West, was 
born in Newport News, Virginia, in 1839. 
He attended both public and private insti- 
tutions and the Hampton Academy in 
Hampton and completed his education by a 
classical course in the University of Vir- 
ginia. After the war he engaged in farm- 
ing and mercantile dealing at Newport 
News, which was then not even a village, 
only farm lands, and continued some time 
after the starting of the town in 1880. In 
1891 he organized the Citizens and Marine 
Bank, being made its president, and has 
filled that high office to this time. Mr. West 
is a deacon of the Newport News Baptist 
Church, also holding the position of clerk. 
He has always affiliated with the Demo- 
cratic party in politics. A lifelong friend 
of advanced education, he renders valuable 
service to this cause in the capacity of trus- 
tee of Richmond College and a member of 
the Baptist Education Commission of Vir- 
ginia. Mr. \\'est is liberal in his ctmtribu- 
tions to charitable and Ijeneficent organi- 
zations, bestowing his gifts without dis- 



tinction as to color or creed : and is iden- 
tified with all movements advancing the 
moral welfare of his city. Backed by a 
successful career as a merchant, active head 
of a stable and well managed financial in- 
stitution, Mr. West is rightly numbered 
among the leaders in the business world of 
Newport News. Respected and admired for 
his material achievements, Mr. West is held 
in high regard because of the sincerity and 
firmness with which he has remained true 
to the principles of honor and uprightness 
in every department of life. His true worth 
is garbed in a manner of cordial friendliness, 
courtesy and consideration, marking his 
every word and deed. 

Henry Warden. Lee Hill Farm, now 
owned by Henry Warden, of Fredericks- 
burg, Virginia, was originally owned by 
General John Minor and by him occupied 
many years. In 1905 the estate was pur- 
chased by Mr. Warden, who, since 1898, 
has been a resident of Fredericksburg. The 
general name, "Lee Hill Farm" is applied to 
the estate as a whole, its sub-divisions bemg 
Brent's Mill Farm, The Bend, White Chim- 
neys, Merry Hill, Sligo and Hazel Hill. 

Henry Warden, the fortunate possessor 
of this 'beautiful and valuable property, is 
a son of William G. Warden and a grand- 
son of John B. Warden, of Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania. John B. Warden was born in 
Wheeling, West \'irginia, but most of his 
life was spent in Pittsburgh, where he fol- 
lowed his trade of blacksmith, and became a 
boiler manufacturer. He was a soldier of 
the war of 1812 and a man of considerable 
influence. He married Annie Leeds of the 
early New Jersey family. 

William G. Warden, son of John B. and 
Annie (Leeds) Warden, was born in Pitts- 
burgh, Pennsylvania, in 1832, died April 9, 
1895. He learned the trade of pattern- 
maker, later was associated with his father, 
as junior member of John B. Warden & 
Son, boiler-makers and engine builders. 
This was one of the celebrated engine build- 
ing firms of that day and a very prosperous 
one. During the early oil excitement in 
Pennsylvania. William G. Warden was en- 
gaged in the oil business in Pittsburgh. In 
1865 he moved to Philadelphia where he died 
possessed of a large estate, his later years 
being devoted to its management. He mar- 
ried Sarah Wells Bushnell, of Pittsburgh, 



2l6 



MRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



born in 1836, now a resident of Philadel- 
phia, Pennsylvania, eleven of her fifteen 
children are now living: Elizabeth, married 
John L. Ketterlinus, of Philadelphia : Annie 
L., deceased ; Eleanor G., married Samuel 
C. Bodine. of Philadelphia : Henry, of fur- 
ther mention ; Louisa, died in childhood ; 
Mary, married Charles \V. Harkness, of 
New York City; Sarah, married William L. 
McLean, of Philadelphia ; Jeannette, died in 
childhood ; Edith, married Henry R. Corn- 
ing, of Cleveland ; Barbara, married William 
Straw-bridge, of Philadelphia, whom, she sur- 
vives; James W., died in childhood; Wil- 
liam G. (2), of Philadelphia, now manager 
of the William G. \\'arden estate; Herbert 
W., of Paris, France; Nelson B., of Paris. 
France; Clarence B.. a lawyer of Philadel- 
phia. 

Henry Warden was born March 17, 1858, 
in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was seven 
years of age when his parents moved to 
Philadelphia where he obtained his early 
education. He also attended McClellan's 
Boarding School. West Chester, Pennsyl- 
vania, and later spent two years at Rens- 
selaer Polytechnic Institute of Troy, New 
York. He then formed a connection with 
the Hannibal Meat Company, of Philadel- 
phia and Hannibal, Alissouri, spending two 
years with that company at Hannibal. He 
then returned to Philadelphia, spending the 
next five years in the employ of the Atlantic 
Refining Company. The next seven years 
he spent in business as member of the firm 
of the Warden & Mitchell Boiler and Tank 
Cornpany, of Philadelphia, then from 1891 
until 1895 was associated with his father in 
the care of the latter's large estate, this con- 
nection continuing until dissolved by the 
death of William G. Warden. Henry 
Warden from 1895 ""til 1898 was engaged 
in business in Upshur and Randolph coun- 
ties. Virginia, locating in Fredericksburg in 
the latter year. In 1905 he purchased "Lee 
Hill Farm" and has since devoted himself 
to its management. He is also largely in- 
terested in the Journal Publishing Company, 
Hazel Hill Canning Company. Fredericks- 
burg Tie Company, and has a stockholding 
interest in other important concerns in 
Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Warden married in Hannibal, Mis- 
souri. October 10. 1879. Mary B. Green, 
daughter of Moses P. and Mary R. (Bowen) 
Green. Moses P. Green was an eminent 



lawyer of Hannibal; he and his wife are 
now deceased. Children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Warden: Grace and Sarah B., residing with 
their parents in Fredericksburg. 

Charles Price Warwick, a prominent busi- 
ness man of New York, was born at Lynch- 
burg. Virginia, August 14, 1873. He is the 
son of Abram Daniel and Adel (Branch) 
Warwick, the latter born at Petersburg, 
Virginia, in 183S. the daughter of David 
Branch. Abram Daniel Warwick was born 
at Lynchburg. \'irginia. in 1835, the son of 
John Marshall Warwick, who was born in 
Amherst county. Virginia, the son of Alajor 
William Warwick. The father of Charles 
Price Warwick was in the civil war on the 
staff of General Jackson in the Confederate 
army. After the war he lived the life of a 
gentleman of leisure, having no particular 
business or work. The present United States 
Senator Daniel, of Virginia, is a nephew of 
the father of Charles P. Warwick. 

The Warwicks, Worricks, or Waddocks, 
as the name severally appears in the Amer- 
ican records, are in some cases supposed to 
derive their descent from Turchil de War- 
wick, son of Alwine, who was a tenant in 
capite at the making of Domesday. The 
Ardens of Arden. county Warwick, 'claimed 
descent from Sivard de Arden. son of Tur- 
chil de Warwick, who though of Saxon 
origin, held under the Conqueror of England 
as tenant in chief. A parish in Cumberland 
anciently written Warthwick has a similar 
name, and one Odard, owner of the estate in 
the twelfth century, was the grandfather of 
John de Warthwyke who lived temp. Rich- 
ard Coeur de Lion and the descendants of 
the latter in the direct male line possessed 
the estate down to the eighteenth century. 
There are several Warwick families in Eng- 
land having the right to bear arms. The 
arms of the Cumberland family of the name 
are thus heraldically described : Azure : 
Three lions rampant argent. Crest: A dex- 
ter arm couped at the shoulder in armor, 
holding in the gauntlet battle axe all proper. 
There were Warwicks at Saco, Maine, at 
an early date. Henry Warwick or Warrick 
was there in 1636, and had a son named 
John, and two daughters, dying about 1673. 
Folsom tells that commonly the name was 
written Waddock. but not by the owner : 
that one daughter, Joan, married, in 1658. 
John Helson, and the other daughter mar- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



2i: 



ried John Tenney, of Scarboro, thence 
driven by Indian hostilities with her mother 
to Gloucester by or before 1690, and the 
father was an active and useful man. John 
of Saco, son of the preceding, was one of the 
chief men of the place, but removed to Scar- 
boro. 

Whether there is any connection between 
the Virginia Warwicks and the Warwicks of 
Maine cannot now be very easily estab- 
lished. As far back as can be traced the 
former family has been connected with Vir- 
ginia and the south. Several particulars re- 
garding the family are given in "Sketches 
and Recollections of Lynchburg" by the 
"Oldest Inhabitant," a small work pub- 
lished in 1858. The phraseology is quaint, 
but is worth quoting, particularly for the 
light it gives on the general opinion regard- 
ing Major William Warwick, father of John 
Marshall Warwick, and great-grandfather 
of Charles Price Warwick. Says the author, 
whose name is not given : 

Major William Warwick, for many years the 
revered and e.xcellent visitor of our town, was a 
native of the county of Buckingham (Buckingham 
or Xelson), where was passed his boyhood. Set- 
tlmg whilst a young man in the county of Amherst 
and occupying the station of a prominent bank offi- 
cer, Major Warwick may be justly claimed by our 
town as a citizen, particularly as through life he was 
a constant worshiper in the churches of Lynchburg. 
Major Warwick was a gentleman of the most hon- 
orable feelings. His integrity and uprightness were 
so conspicuous and so unswerving was he in the 
prosecution of what he deemed the right that many 
were heard to say that these qualities invested him 
with a moral sublimity. 

Major Warwick was thrice married, and the chil- 
dren of all these marriages are good and pros- 
perous. May not this be traced in a great measure 
to the immediate hand of Providence, who has 
promised that the children of the righteous are 
blessed to the third and fourth generations. The 
family of Warwick are all long lived, the venerable 
mother of Major Warwick attaining the age of one 
hundred and two, and dying in the county of Kelson 
a few years since. The traits of filial piety have in 
this family been conspicuous from generation to 
generation, and we now witness a fulfillment of 
the promise to those who honor their parents, that 
It may be well with thee, and that thou mayest live 
long in the earth. This excellent man died some 
years since at an advanced age, leaving to his 
descendants a sacred legacy in a name untarnished 
and connected only with such things as are pure 
lovely, and of good report. 

The author goes on to sav the remains of 
the first wife of Major William ^Varwick 
repose in the yard attached at that time to 
the residence of the Dunnington familv, 



which at the time of her decease was the 
only burying ground in the newly formed 
town of Lynchburg. On this spot was the 
first church of Lynchburg, to which the 
cemetery was attached. Many of the bodies 
were moved to the Methodist burving 
ground, but others were left, and the spot 
where they reposed was identified by their 
friends. .A barracks was at one time held 
m the part of the house nearest the court- 
house. At the foot of Mrs. Warwick's grave 
stood, and perhaps stands, an aspen tree, 
placed there by the hand of her daughter,' 
Mrs. Stuart. A very large spreading tree 
formerly cast its shade over this quiet rest- 
ing place, but in the year 1820 it was torn 
up by the roots during a violent storm, says 
the author formerly quoted, leaving alone 
the quivering aspen tree with its beautiful 
alternations of white and green, reminding 
us of the living green of the courts above! 
surrounded by the shadowy forms robed in 
spotless white. 

Captain James \\'arwick, a brother of 
Major Warwick, was for a number of years 
a respected resident of Lynchburg. His 
residence was exactly opposite to that of 
Colonel John Wiatt : and with this excellent 
man did he, it is said, "oft take sweet coun- 
sel, walking together to the house of God." 
Captain Warwick was a devout member of 
the Presbyterian church. Lynchburg, and 
conspicuous, it is said, "for the ardor of his 
attachment to his beloved pastor, adhering 
closely to him in the division of the church, 
regardless of the changes of those around 
him." 

Of the descendants of Major William 
AX'arwick. John Marshall Warwick was a 
prominent citizen of Lynchburg, and mar- 
ried Caroline Norwell ;'Corbin and Abram 
Warwick, of Richmond; Daniel Warwick, 
who resided in Baltimore; and a daughter 
who married a Mr. Saunders, and another 
who married Thomas Leftwich. of Bedford 
county. 

Charles Price Warwick, the modern rep- 
resentative of the family, was educated in 
the public schools and high schools of 
Lynchburg. After leaving school he was 
clerk with the Norfolk & Western Railroad 
Company at Lynchburg, Virginia. He came 
to New York City in 1899. and was clerk 
with a wholesale lumber business for about 
one year. He then became connected with 
the banking and brokerage house of A. A. 



2Ifc 



MRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



Housman & Company, New York City, with 
which firm he still remains. Mr. Warwick 
is a member of the Englewood Club of New 
Jersey, the Union League Club, and South- 
ern Society. In politics he is a Democrat, 
and in religion a liberal. 

He married, in 1900, Mabel, daughter of 
^\'illiam Rhoads and Mary E. (Black) Twy- 
man. Mrs. \\'arwick died in 1909, there be- 
ing one child of the marriage, Elizabeth N., 
born at Lynchburg, Virginia, March 17, 
1901. 

Charles Price Warwick has one brother 
living: James C, born at Lynchburg, Vir- 
ginia, in 1875, married Muriel Bryan, of 
Louisville, Kentucky, having two children : 
John Marshall Warwick and Elstan Bryan 
Warwick. Mr. Warwick's sisters are: 
Nouvelle Caroline, married Dudley Cal- 
houn; Elise, married John A. Nichols; 
Elizabeth Adell, married Logan A. Nelson, 
of Charlottesville, Virginia. A brother, 
Daniel J. Warwick, is dead. Mr. Warwick's 
residence is at Englewood, New Jersey ; his 
office address at No. 25 West Thirty-tliird 
street. New York City. 

Rev. George White McDaniel, D. D. In 

every community where the stress of busi- 
ness life is laid upon getting and gaining, 
there must be counteracting influences if the 
life of the town is not to become narrow, 
sordid and selfish. Such centers are the 
churches with the high-minded prophets and 
ministers whose constant effort it is to keep 
this stress of the daily struggle from nar- 
rowing and hardening the character. Like 
beacon-lights these men stand out to show 
men what they must avoid, and to mark out 
the road for the uncertain. Of this class of 
men, whose lives are given for the uplifting, 
the ennobling and the inspiriting of his fel- 
lows, is Rev. Dr. George White McDaniel, 
pastor of the First Baptist Church, Rich- 
mond, Virginia. He is doing a work of the 
highest kind, and it is hard to compute the 
influence for good which he exerts. He is 
a member of a family which has been identi- 
fied with the interests of the south for a 
number of generations. 

His grandfather, William Henry Mc- 
Daniel, was a native of Jones county, North 
Carolina, and was a farmer by occupation. 
He married and had a large number of chil- 
dren. Francis Asbury McDaniel, son of 
William Henry McDaniel, was born in 



Sumter county, Alabama, in 1853, and died 
in Navasota, Texas. January i, 1903, having 
outlived all his brothers and sisters. Upon 
emigrating to Texas he taught school for a 
number of years. After" marrying he en- 
gaged in farming until the time of his death. 
Upon the outbreak of the war with the 
states he enlisted in the Fifth Alabama In- 
fantry Regiment, and served throughout the 
war, being active at the battle of Fredericks- 
burg, and many other important engage- 
ments. He married Letitia Ann (White) 
Ashford, a widow, and they had three chil- 
dren. 

Rev. Dr. C-eorge White McDaniel, son 
of Francis Asbury and Letitia Ann (\\'hite- 
Ashford) McDaniel, was born in Grimes 
county, Texas, November 30, 1875, on the 
plantation owned and cultivated by his 
father. For a time he attended the public 
schools of that vicinity, then Hill's Busi- 
ness College at Waco, then the Belton Male 
Academy, at Belton, and at the age of eigh- 
teen he matriculated at Baylor University, 
A\'aco, Texas, from which he was graduated 
in the class of 1898, the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts being conferred upon him. The 
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, at 
Louisville, Kentucky, was the next scene 
of his studies, and there he was awarded 
his degree of Bachelor of Theology in 1900. 
He was elected pastor of the First Baptist 
Church at Temple, Texas, and conducted 
this charge with success for two years, when 
he became pastor of the Gaston Avenue 
Baptist Church, at Dallas, Texas, from 1902 
to 1905. In 1905 he was called to the First 
Baptist Church in Richmond, and has since 
ministered there to the great benefit and 
satisfaction of all concerned. When he took 
charge there were but eight hundred and 
forty in the congregation, and at the present 
time there are almost fifteen hundred on the 
roll of the church. This church is the largest 
contributor to foreign missions in the South- 
ern Baptist Convention. It is the first 
church in Richmond to have a resident 
pastor, and was established in 1780. During 
the war with the states the women of this 
congregation were daily engaged in the 
lecture room in the manufacture of garments 
for the soldiers. 

Rev. Dr. McDaniel married, in Waco, 
Texas, March 23, 1898, Martha Douglass 
Scarborough, born in Waco, a daughter of 
Judge J. B. Scarborough and Mary (Elli- 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



219 



son) Scarborough, both deceased. Mrs. 
McDaniel was graduated from Vassar Col- 
lege in 1896, and was professor of French 
and German at Baylor University, Waco, 
Texas, at the time of her marriage. Chil- 
dren of Rev. Dr. and Mrs. McDaniel : Mary 
Scarborough, born March 10, 1899, is a 
student at Miss Morris' School, in Rich- 
mond ; John Harrington, born May 10, 1901, 
is a student in Richmond Academy. 

Henry Adolphus Wiseman, M. D. The 

medical profession has known two expo- 
nents bearing the name Henry Adolphus 
Wiseman, one being the well-known physi- 
cian of the name of Danville, Virginia, and 
there has been one circumstance peculiar to 
both, the manner in which they began prac- 
tice. Henry Adolphus Wiseman Sr. was a 
medical student when the civil war broke 
out, and enlisting in the company of artillery 
he was soon afterward transferred to the 
medical corps, and so served during the 
remainder of the conflict. His son, Henry 
Adolphus Jr., had no sooner obtained his 
M. D. from the University of Virginia than 
he became a commissioned surgeon in the 
British army, then engaged in the Boer war 
in Africa. 

Dr. Henry Adolphus Wiseman Sr., son of 
John Wiseman, was born in Danville, Vir- 
ginia, in 1847, and died there in 1902. He 
was educated for the druggist's profession 
and was engaged in its practice and the 
study of medicine when the war between 
the states broke out, discontinuing both to 
enlist in Ringgold battery. He subsequently 
became a member of the medical corps, with 
which he was connected until the decla- 
ration of peace. He married Willie Anna 
Yager, born in Orange county, Virginia, 
now living with her son, Henry A. jr., in 
the old home at No. 842 Main street, aged 
sixty-seven years. They had children: I. 
Mary Whitelaw, born in Danville, Virginia, 
July 14, 1871 ; married Henry E. Kendall, 
of Shelby, North Carolina, a druggist. 2. 
Henry A. Jr., of whom further. 3. Plum- 
mer, born in Danville, September 9, 1881 ; 
a graduate of Purdue University, of Lafay- 
ette, Indiana ; a structural engineer of that 
city, engaged in important engineering work 
in many southern states ; married Nora 
Mosely, of Danville. 4. Willie A., born in 
Danville, August 5, 1888; married Lee B. 
Weathers, of Shelby, North Carolina, presi- 



dent of the Star Publishing Company and 
editor of the "Cleveland Star." 

Dr. Henry Adolphus Wiseman Jr., son of 
Dr. Henry Adolphus and Willie Anna 
(Yager) Wiseman, was born in Danville, 
Pittsylvania county, Virginia, August 24, 
1877. He pursued his youthful studies in 
the Danville Military Institute, now the 
Danville School for Boys. He then took 
up academic and medical courses at the 
University of Virginia, being graduated 
from that institution, M. D., in the class of 
1901. He accepted a surgeon's commission 
in the British Cape Colony Regiment of 
Kaffirian Rifles, and was on duty in South 
.Africa until the end of the war. From that 
time until his return to Danville in 1903 
he traveled abroad, then established in gen- 
eral practice in his native city with an office 
in the Arcade Building. He is a stockholder 
and director of the American National Bank, 
and holds membership in the Presbyterian 
church. His home is the old family resi- 
dence on Main street, he and his mother 
there-j-esiding. 

V. Garland Weaver. .As the incumbent of 
the presidency of the First National 
Bank, of Portsmouth, Virginia, V. Garland 
Weaver has gained responsible and import- 
ant position in the field that he early in life 
chose as that in which he would strive, 
banking. His connection with the First 
National has not only been as its head, for 
he was several years cashier thereof, his 
election to the presidency the result of his 
faithful administration of his former office 
and the recognition of the unusually thor- 
ough and complete knowledge of financial 
procedure and conditions he had shown in 
his intercourse with the officers of the insti- 
tution. 

Air. Weaver is a son of Lawson A. and 
Sarah L. (Oldham) Weaver, his father, a 
descendant of an old Virginia family, born 
in Westmoreland county, Virginia. Lawson 
A. Weaver was educated under the instruc- 
tion of private tutors, and as a young man 
gave four years of devoted service to the 
(Tonfederate cause. His was the cavalry 
branch of the service, and his record was one 
most remarkable, for he participated in 
every engagement of his company, most 
usually in the thickest of the conflict, and 
survived. His present home is in Freder- 
icksburg, A'irginia, where he lives retired 



220 



VIRGINIA BIOGRAPHY 



after a business career passed in Richmond, 
Virginia, where he became proprietor of a 
mercantile establishment immediately after 
the close of the war. He is a member of the 
United Confederate Veterans, for many 
years filling the position of secretary in his 
camp, and belongs to the Baptist church. 
Children of Lawson A. and Sarah L. (Old- 
ham) Weaver: i. Virginia, deceased. 2. 
Oldham, deceased. 3. V. Garland, of whom 
further. 4. L. Newton, born in 1883, edu- 
cated in Fredericksburg College, became 
assistant cashier of the Bank of Middlesex. 
Urbanna, Virginia, his brother, V. Garland, 
being cashier. When V. Garland Weaver 
resigned his office, L. Newton was elected 
cashier, in 1908, and so continues. He is a 
member of the Masonic order. 5. Gertrude, 
deceased. 6. Elizabeth, deceased. 7. Wiley 
W., born in 1888, was graduated A. B. irom 
Fredericksburg College in the class of 1910, 
now a bookkeeper in the First National 
Bank, of Portsmouth. Vi