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A Series of Authentic Biographical Sketches 

of the Representative Men of Vermont 

and Sons of Vermont in other States 


Compiled and Edited by 


Burlington, Vermont: 

Ullery Publishing Company 


Copyright 1912 
Ullery Plblishixg Company 

illustrations by 

The Campbell Art Company 

elizabeth. n. j. 

pkinteij and bot'nd by 

Free Press Printing Company 

birlingtox. vt. 


t^^ >t2«-<r.-«^«e^-. 


Introduction, by Joseph A. DeBoer 4 

The Founders 6 

The Governors 27 

Senators in Congress 55 

Representatives in Congress 63 

Judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts 79 

Biographies of Vermonters 93 

General Index 367 



It is probably true that Vermont, as nearly as any 
spot upon the earth's crust, has been the scene of the most 
conspicuous action by men in all efforts to create, main- 
tain, and adimnce a true independence of Person and state 
and upon principles fundamentally included in the term 
self-government. In fact, its history, upon utmost anal- 
ysis, discloses that no People organized as a state have 
more nearly attained to perfect sovereignty or maintained 
it under their constitution and political methods than the 
People of Vermont. The original stock, according to a 
census more than a century old, was composed almost 
wholly of English and Scotch, and was, therefore, Anglo- 
Saxon in its Quality. That carried with it, considering 
only insignificant changes in its character, the virtues of 
their institutions, language, and literature, and, what is 
equally important, however derived, the fine character of 
Anglo-Saxon intellectual and moral life. Vermont in the 
American Revolution had reason for, and might have 
Profited by, serving England; but its People, under a lofty 
leadership, saw fit to espouse the cause which, under 
Providence, has led to stupendous advances in the history 
of civilization and created a nation which outruns all 
others in its achieved results for man. Its People came 
of stock which held education, religion, freedom of Person, 
and honest dealings in chief regard, and they were ready, 
in sustaining these assets of sovereignty, to sacrifice all. 

From thence followed the conquest of the wilderness, the 
long-continued political strife with neighboring states, and 
finally with Congress itself, and from thence also came 
the glorious contribution which Vermont men made to the 
success of the Revolution by which the nation was estab- 
lished. The same spirit, animating the children of these 
forbears, sustained the subsequent wars of the United 
States and contributed materially to the existing unprece- 
dented position of our common history in the world at 
large. In fact, Vermont has been an extraordinary up- 
builder of the nation because of the intrinsic character of 
the people who compose it, their patriotism, thrift, and 
self-sacrificing works, and chiefly because they always 
made education and religion and fair dealing, as defined 
by laws and interpreted by courts, the basis of their 
Public life. 

For this reason any work which preserves the biog- 
raphy of some of its people in even partial form is valu- 
able and useful. As Stafford says: 

"Mother of men, whom the green hills enthroned. 
From whose bright feet the rivers haste away. 
These of the ages are — we of a day. 
Yet we have loved thee, and thy love have known. " 

This work of Vermont biography has been under- 
taken with a view of supplying a useful contribution to 
the history of the state; and it is hoped that it will serve 
the purpose of all such works, that of conserving state 
traditions and of advancing the future, not only of Ver- 
mont, but of the nation at large. 

Montpelier, Vt., April 15, 1912. 


Tlie men of Vermont in the beginning came for the most part from Massa- 
chusetts and Connecticut. They were of the true pioneer type— strong, deter- 
unned, enterprising men. who. with little of this world's goods, sought cheaper 
lands in the uninhabited Green Mountain wilderness, under grants from Benning 
\\'entworth, the royal governor of New Hampshire. The first settlements of any 
importance were made after the close of the French and Indian war. France had 
ceded her American possessions to England, and the frontier English settlements 
were no longer in danger of being harassed and destroyed by predatory expedi- 
tions from Canada. Yet the new settlers in what is now Vermont, though they 
were thus freed from any fear of French aggression, soon found themselves in 
trouble with men of their own race. These troubles arose from the uncertain and 
often conflicting boundaries assigned to the various colonies by their charters from 
the crown. On the one hand. New Hampshire interpreted her charter as giving 
her all the territory as far west as the western boundary of Massachusetts and 
Iving between the Massachusetts line on the south and Canada on the north. New 
York, on the other hand, claimed the Connecticut River as her eastern boundary, 
under the grant of the Province of New York made by Charles II to his brother, 
the Duke of York. Although, with the exception of Long Island, she had never 
taken actual possession of any part of Connecticut or Massachusetts under this 
grant, yet now, after the lapse of a century, she asserted her right to the terri- 
tory of the present Vermont, and obtained a royal order which confirmed her claim. 
By this time there were twoscore or more of scattered settlements in the 
southern part of Vermont, on both sides of the main range of the Green Moun- 
tains; and, under ordinary circumstances and with fair treatment, it would prob- 
ably have made little difference to the inhabitants of these remote hamlets to which 
of the two jurisdictions they should be attached. But New York, not content with 
the royal decision in favor of her territorial claims, began to treat the new settlers 
with signal injustice. She not only declared the grants obtained from the gover- 
nor of New Hampshire void and worthless, but she demanded that the settlers 
r« purdiase their lands under New York titles at a price many times the price they 
had alreadv j)aid into the New Hampshire treasury. Some complied unwillingly, 
rspecially on tli< (astern side of the range. By far the larger part, however, re- 
fused, and declined to acknowledge the authority of New York; and, when that 
province attempted to enforce its demands, they resisted openly and for the most 
p.-irt effectivelv. Since New Hampshire afforded them no protection, they banded 
themselves together for their own defense into the organization known as "the 
(rreen Mountain Boys." Tlien for a dozen years there followed a desultory but 
prolonged conflict between tliis handful of rude frontiersmen and mountaineers and 
the officiais of the great I'rovince of New York. The latter endeavored to dis- 
possess the recalcitrant settlers from their homes, granting their lands over their 
heads to subjects of New York. lint the settlers on the whole held their own well, 
using nr)t only armed resistance on occasion, but other effectual means as well. 

They applied beechen rods, or "the beech seal," as with grim humor they termed 
them, to the bare backs of individual offenders to good purpose. By one means 
or another they succeeded in defending their homes and their pi-operty, until at 
length the conflict was interrupted by the breaking out of the Revolution. 

Perhaps the most important effect of the long controversy had been the gradual 
creation of a community of feeling and a political solidarity among the people of 
the Grants. Unaided by New Hampshire, in open conflict with New York, they 
had been without any settled system of government. Threatened by a common 
danger, however, they had, through the agency of committees of safety acting in 
harmony with one another, of informal meetings, and of delegated conventions 
from the several towns, been slowly welded into a people. In January, 1777, a 
convention, meeting as Westminster, passed a "Declaration of the Independence 
of the New Hampshire Grants," declaring them to be "a free and independent 
state," under the name of New Connecticut. In June of the same year, when Bur- 
goyne was moving southward along the Champlain valley to effect a junction with 
Clinton on the Hudson and thus cut off New England from the rest of the colonies, 
an adjourned meeting of the same convention, held at Windsor, changed this name 
to Vermont, at the happy suggestion of Dr. Thomas Young, of Philadelphia, a friend 
and correspondent of the Aliens and of other leading men in the Grants. The fol- 
lowing month, a constitution for the state was adopted, courts were established, and 
a council of safety appointed to direct affairs until the new state government could 
be put into operation, which was done in March, 1778, with Thomas Chittenden 
as the first governor. 

Meanwhile, Vermont had taken its part in the defense of the colonies. On 
the morning of May 10, 1775, a party consisting chiefly of Green Mountain Boys, 
nnder the command of Ethan Allen, surprised Fort Ticonderoga, capturing more 
than a hundred cannon and a large quantity of ammunition and other military 
stores. This booty was later of great service to the American army besieging 
Boston. On the next day. Crown Point was captured by Seth Warner, and 
Skeenesborough, now Whitehall, by Capt. Samuel Herrick. During the following 
autumn and winter, the Green Mountain Boys took part in an invasion of Canada, 
v.hich began with much promise of success, but ended disastrously, Allen being 
made a prisoner and sent to England. In 1777, Seth Warner covered the American 
retreat before the advance of Burgoyne from Canada, and fought the battle of 
Hubbardton on Vermont soil against a much larger force of British troops. At 
the suggestion of the Continental Congress, Vermont, notwithstanding her meager 
population, furnished a regiment for service in the Continental army; and, on Aug. 
l6, 1777, Vermont and New Hampshire forces, commanded by Gen. John Stark, 
won the battle of Bennington, which seriously crippled Burgoyne's army and has- 
tened his surrender at Saratoga two months later. Yet, in spite of her services 
to the common cause. Congress, largely through the efforts of the New York dele- 
gation, refused repeatedly to accede to Vermont's petitions for admission to the 
Union as a separate state. New Hampshire, too, revived her claims to Vermont 
territory ; and Massachusetts laid claim to the southern portion of the state. Ver- 
mont retaliated on two several occasions by annexing bordering towns in both New 
Hampshire and New York. These East and West Unions, as they were known, 
were finally abandoned ; but at least one session of Vermont's legislature was held 
on the New Hampshire side of the Connecticut. 

In addition to refusing Vermont's appeal to be recognized as an independent 
state, and seriously considering her partition among the adjoining states. Congress 

withdrew all Continental troops from Vermont's borders, leaving her frontiers 
defenseless against British attack, at a time when a fresh invasion along the Cham- 
plain highway was being organized in Canada. It was at this juncture, in 1780, 
that overtures were made by British emissaries for Vermont's return to British 
allegiance. The correspondence which ensued was conducted on the British side 
largely by General Haldimand. lieutenant-governor of the Province of Quebec, 
and is known as the Haldimand correspondence. On the Vermont side, it was 
conducted by, and known only to, a few of the leaders of the new state. That 
these men ever seriously contemplated a surrender of the state to the royal author- 
ity no one now believes, although Ethan Allen, angered at a fresh refusal of Con- 
gress to admit Vermont, once rashly declared that he would rather submit to the 
crown than fall under the dominion of New^ York. Abandoned, as they practically 
were, bv Congress and the Continental army, facing in their defenseless condition 
the danger of a hostile invasion from the north, their object in thus parleying 
secretly with the enemy was to gain time and to protect themselves. They not 
only succeeded in this, but they saved the whole northern frontier of the country. 
Their chief representative in these negotiations was Ira Allen; and it was due to 
his adroit diplomacy and to the shrewdly noncommittal nature of his replies to the 
British advances that for three years an invading army was kept hanging idly on 
our borders, imtil at last peace was declared between England and her former 

Yet Vermont's continued endeavors to be enrolled among the original states 
of the Union were in vain. For fourteen j^ears she existed as practicallj"^ an 
independent republic; and it was not until 1791 that she was finally admitted as 
the first new state to be added to the original thirteen. 


ALLEN, Ethan. Born Litchfield, 
Conn., Jan. 10, 1737; son of Joseph and 
Mary (Baker) Allen; died Burlington, 
Feb. 12, 1789. In 1762, married Mary 
Bronson of Woodbury, Conn. ; she died 
in 1783; they had four daughters and one 
son, of whom only the second daughter, 
Lucy Caroline, had issue, she marrying in 
1789 Judge Samuel Hitchcock of Bur- 
lington; from her is descended, among 
others, the Hon. Ethan Allen Hitchcock, 
United States minister to Russia 1897, 
ambassador to Russia 1898, later in which 
year he became secretary of the interior, 
serving as such under Presidents McKin- 
ley and Roosevelt until 1907. In 1784, 
Ethan Allen married Mrs. Frances (Mon- 
tresor) Buchanan, daughter of Capt. 
John Montresor of the British army, and 
widow of Capt. John Buchanan of the 
British navy ; they had three children, of 
whom the eldest, Fanny, died a nun in a 
convent at Montreal, P. Q.; after her is 
named the Fanny Allen Hospital near 
Burlington. The two sons of this mar- 
riage graduated from West Point and be- 
came officers in the United States army. 

Allen came to the Grants in 1769, and 
almost immediately became prominent in 
the struggle against New York. He had 
been here but a few months when he was 
appointed an agent to defend the New 
York suits against the settlers, and went 
to New Hampshire to obtain copies of 
Governor Wentworth's commissions and 
instructions from the king. He engaged 
Jared Ingersoll of Connecticut as counsel, 
and in June, 1770, appeared at Albany 
to answer in a suit of ejectment by a 
New York claimant against a settler. The 
judge, Livingston, was a patentee under 
New York grants, interested directly or 
indirectly in 30,000 acres in Vermont. 
Most of the attorneys and court officers 
were similarly interested, and a fair con- 
sideration of the case was out of the ques- 
tion. Allen's documents and deeds imder 
New Hampshire authority were excluded 

as evidence, and the verdict was against 
him as arranged. Afterwards some gen- 
tlemen called on him at his hotel, and, 
representing how desperate the case was, 
urged him to go home and advise his 
friends to make the best terms they could. 
He coolly replied, "The gods of the val- 
leys are not the gods of the hills." 
Asked his meaning, he told them that if 
they would come to Bennington it should 
be made clear. He was offered land grants 
for himself and appointments to office un- 
der New York authority if he would use 
his influence, which was already recog- 
nized to be considerable, to support the 
New York side; but he spurned every 
attempt to induce him to betray the cause 
which had been intrusted to him. 

Then began the long struggle against 
the jurisdiction of New York, during the 
first few years of which, after New 
Hampshire had abandoned them, the set- 
tlers were practically without govern- 
ment, except such as they improvised for 
their towns, acknowledging no other au- 
thority except such as they agreed to 
among themselves for mutual protection. 
The sheriff of Albany County repeatedly 
came with posses of from 300 to 700 men 
to dispossess the farmers, but always 
without success, doubtless because the bor- 
dering people of New York, from whom 
the posses had to be recruited, had no 
heart in the work. Allen was the leader 
of this resistance before and after it took 
organized form. When a military organ- 
ization was formed, towards the close of 
1771, and Allen was elected colonel, with 
Seth Warner, Remember Baker, Robert 
Cochran, Peleg Sunderland, Gideon Olin, 
and others as captains, this regiment took 
the name of "Green Mountain Boys," in 
derision and defiance of Governor Tryon 
of New York, who had threatened to 
"drive the settlers from their farms into 
the Green Mountains." They repeat- 
edly drove off the New York authorities. 
They protected one another from arrest. 




They took in hand and disciplined any- 
body that ventured to survey or occupy 
lands under New Yoi'k titles. Their 
method was generally that of the "beech 
seal." or, as Allen humorously described 
it. a "chastisement with tlie twigs of the 
wilderness, the growth of the land they 

The New York government, thus beaten 
at every point, in the winter of 1771-2 
oflfered a reward of £l50 for the capture 
of Allen and £50 for Baker and the others. 
Allen. Baker, and Cochran promptly met 
this with a counter proclamation, dated 
at Poultney. Feb. 5. \~7'2. reciting that 
"whereas James Duane and John Kempe 
of New York (prominent lawyers and ad- 
vocates of New York's claims) have by 
their menaces and threats greatly dis- 
turbed the public peace and repose qfi the 
honest peasants of Bennii^ipn and the 
settlements to the northwa- ' * * * any 
person that will apprehend ?se common 
disturbers shall have £l reward for 
Duane and £lO for Kempe. 

In the opening days c the Revolu- 
tionary struggle Allen w- among the 
most active of the patriots. e early dis- 
})atched messengers with laracteristic 
letters, to win over the ,jj. ans to the 
side of the coloniesi, "" ' •'•••'st to neu- 
trality, and thereby he Q. ... '■ important 
service which was fell tiwioughout the 
war. Many of the red men were in- 
duced to come to Newbury, some tj settle. 
and some to enter the colonial service as 
scouts and spies. Some were sent to 
Washington's camp, and some went to 
Canada, where they procured information 
that was highly valued by Washington 
and Schuyler. After hostilities had actual- 
ly begun with the bat.' Lf'xington 
and Concord, and the colonic w/^-fc fully 
launclwd into armed resistancfij again.-»t 
the mother country, ])lans werj />,*: once 
proposed for the taking of Fo; ', Xicon- 
deroga and the other stronghol ^- "" .ihf 
Champlain highway, along vt '•!>' a>i;v 
British invasions from Cana . must 
necessarily come. Here again, Ar'^n a:;d 
his followers were in the lead. Eai, '.n 
May, a party of (inen .Mountain a.M'.h 
were already assmibled at Castleton i..r 
this enterprise under Allen's eommaml, 
when a small force arrived from Conne ^- 
cut and Massachusetts; also, Benei t 
.Arnold, with a commission from lli<- cmn- 

mittee of safety at Cambridge, Mass. 
Under this commission Arnold arrogantly 
claimed command of the expedition. The 
dispute for a time threatened to wreck 
the project. But the men from the 
Grants refused to serve under any lead- 
ers but their own ; and Allen finally 
averted the difficulty by agreeing that, 
while lie -linnld command, Arnold might 
aceomp ..\ hiui at the head of the at- 
tacking party. 

There was some confusion, and a par- 
tial miscarriage of plans to provide boats 
for crossing the lake; and, as dawn began 
on the morning of May 10, only 83 men 
had crossed, while Seth Warner, with the 
remainder of the 270 men composing the 
expedition, was impatiently waiting on 
the Vermont side. Allen saw that no 
time was to be lost. He drew his men 
up in line, told them it was a desperate 
attempt that was about to be made, and 
gave all who wished the privilege of with- 
drawing, but asked those who were will- 
ing to follow him into the fort to poise 
their fire-locks. Instantl)'^ every fire- 
lock was poised. "Face to the right," he 
cried, and he marched the men in three 
files, himself at the head of the center 
file, to the gate. A sentry at the wicker 
gate snapped his fuse at Allen, who pur- 
sued him with upraised sv ord into the 
parade ground of the garrison. Allen 
then formed his men so as to face the two 
barracks, and ordered three huzzas. An- 
other sentr}', who had slightly wounded 
an officer with a bayonet thrust, and been 
struck in the head by Allen's sword, 
begged for quarter, which was granted on 
condition that he show the way to the 
quarters of the commanding officer. Cap- 
tain Delaplace, which were in the second 
story of a barrack. Allen strode up the 
stairway and summoned Delaplace to 
come out instantly or the whole garrison 
would be sacrificed ce appeared 

at the door, tioua^- ^., and asked 

by what authority the dei5,.'or!i was made, 
eliciting the reply, "In the<,yame"of the 
great Jehovah and the C^Vtiiuir^tal Con- 
gress." The dazed eoiii ..,».. Jant began 
further ))arley, but .Allen, with drawn 
sword, and vc'ce and manner that ad- 
initted of ji;),,,*;; ifling, repeated his de- 
mand for an 'immediate surrender. Dela- 
place; comf)lied, and ordered his men to 
parade without arms. All were treated 




by Allen with characteristic generosity^ 
but as prisoners of war. The capture 
was made on the very day of the first as- 
sembling of the Revolutionary Congress. 
It was the first surrender of the British 
flag, and had a great effect on the spirits 
of the country. 

The capture was followed by a rapid 
succession of brilliant stroke*'' On May 
11, a detachment under •Capt:' Samuel 
Herrick captured Skeenesboro and the 
royalist Major Skeene, and seized a 
schooner and several bateaux there. War- 
ner with a detachment of one hundred 
men was dispatched to Crown Point, 
which he captured the same day, with 
thirteen men and sixty-one pieces of 
cannon. Allen and Arnold with their 
schooner and a bateaux sailed for St. 
Johns, where on the 18th Arnold, who in 
the schooner had outsailed Allen in the 
bateaux, captured a British armed sloop 
which was lying there. Thus, the whole 
of Lake Champlain within a little more 
than a week had fallen into the hands of 
the Revolutionists. With Ticonderoga 
were taken without a blow, not only a 
fortress that had cost Britain years of 
struggle and vast expenditures of blood 
and treasure, but stores of incalculable 
benefit to the army near Boston, includ- 
ing one hundred and twenty iron cannon, 
fifty swivels, ten tons of musket balls, 
three cart-loads of tlints, a warehouse full 
of material for boat building, and a large 
quantity of other supplies and material. 

Allen proposed at once to follow up his 
success with the capture of Canada, which 
was almost depleted of British forces, 
there only being about seven hundred 
regulars in the province, a large part if 
not an actual majority of whose people 
were ready to rise in sympathy. He wrote 
to Congress May 29: "The Canadians 
(all except the noblesse) and also the In- 
dians appearj' -<- to be very friend- 
ly to us; and:)ii .i^moie opinion that 
the more vif. - "^^z colonies push the 
war agcAinstn le king's troops in Canada, 
the more f~'--ds we shall find in that 
country." ^iicikittered to "lay his life on 
it" that "with ilfteen hundred men and a 
proper train of artillery," 'he would take 
Montreal. Then "there -«'— -'M be no in- 
superable difficulty to take Quebec."- 
Lake Champlain, he shrewdly argued, 
was "the kev of either Canada or our 

country, according as which party holds 
the same in possession and makes a 
proper improvement of it. The key is 
ours as yet, and, provided the colonies 
would suddenly push an army of two or 
three thousand men into Canada, they 
might make a conquest of all that would 
oppose them." 

Allen flooded the Continental Congress 
and the provincial Congresses of New 
York and Massachusetts with letters and 
petitions and arguments in favor of his 
project. He and Warner went to Phila- 
delphia and Albany to urge the scheme on 
the continental and provincial Congresses. 
They were received with considerable 
honor at both places, though they were 
still placarded as outlaws by the New 
York government. The result, after long 
,irgi:-g, was that the New York Congress, 
on the recoi endation of the continental 
body, auth( ^ed the raising of a regi- 
ment of Gr*^* : Mountain Boys for serv- 
ice in the ( <tinental army, to be com- 
manded by V f>cers chosen by themselves. 
Allen propol i* himself as commander of 
this regiment ^ fiand he was greatly morti- 
fied when ef ommittee of towns met at 
Dorset, Jull :^7, 1775, to choose a lieu- 
tenant-colonii; ; ' command the regiment, 
and elected^ '* ^' "' ditier by a vote of 41 
to 5. NotW?! standing the high merit as 
an officer always displayed by Warner, it 
is difficult to account for this action, in 
view of Allen's recent achievements, the 
large capacity he had shown, and the 
unanimity with which he had been re- 
garded as the leader only a few weeks 
before. Allen himself, in a letter to Gov- 
ernor Trumbull of Connecticut, attributed 
it to "the old farmers v/ho do not incline 
to go to Wci^ -^.^ing he was in the favor 
of the .n'lcer's of the army and the young 
Green Al ^untain Boys. He still hoped, 
however o get a commission from the 
C^xiti..en»'il Congress. Remember Baker, 
I'hr.n^^"^ •< 'ochran, and Peleg Sunderland, 
w)v» ■"-■■■ been captains in the Green 
Mountai?*^ Boys from their organization, 
anW ,Y\. ' were on Allen's proposed list of 
ca^.'.ihs for the new regiment, also failed 
to -.^ elected. 

'Mleanwhile, Allen's efforts had borne 
fruit, and in view of her defenseless con- 
f^' . >n it was decided to send two armies 
ir'ii'" Canada before reenforcements could 
arrive from England. Arnold was to go 




by way of the Kennebec, Schuyler and 
Montgomery by way of Lake Chaniplain 
and the Richelieu. Allen, who had nat- 
urally regarded himself as the logical 
leader of the enterprise, was not even in- 
cluded in the list of officers. When, how- 
ever. Schuyler invited him to accompany 
the expedition, with the understanding 
that he should be regarded as an officer, 
and have command of detachments as oc- 
casion required, he accepted. Schuvler 
sent him on several expeditions "preach- 
ing politics" and extending the work he 
had so hopefully begun of arousing and 
organizing the people of Canada into sup- 
port of the Revolution. He met with sweep- 
ing success; the Canadians guided and 
guarded him through the woods ; enthu- 
siastic crowds greeted him in the villages ; 
the Caughnawaga Indians, some of whom 
had been among the British skirmishers, 
sent him assurances that they would not 
take up arms on either side. September 
20 he wrote to General Montgomery that 
he had 250 Canadians under arms, and 
that he could raise one or two thousand 
in a week's time, but would first visit the 
army with a less number and if neces- 
sary go again recruiting, and he added : 
"I swear by the Lord I can raise three 
times the number of our army in Canada, 
provided you continue the siege." 

While returning to camp, as he had 
written to Montgomery, Allen met Maj. 
John Brown, who was at the head of a 
force of about two hundred Americans 
and Canadians, and a plan was concocted 
between them and their officers to sur- 
prise and capture Montreal. Brown was 
to cross the St. Lawrence above the city 
and Allen below on the night of Sept. 23, 
and at a signal of three huzzas they were 
to attack simultaneously. Brown, for 
some reason never explained, failed to 
fulfill his part. Doubtless some unfore- 
seen obstacle prevented, for he was a 
brave and capable officer ; but he was 
killed at Stone Arabia, in the Mohawk 
valley, in a battle with the Tories and 
Indians, Oct. 19, 1780, and his story 
about the Montreal attack was never told. 
Allen crossed over with his force of 110 
men, according to agreement, taking near- 
ly the whole night for the task, as he had 
l)ut few canoes. When he failed to get 
the signal from Brown, he concluded to 
.stand his ground, as he could not get off 

over a third of his force at a time, and 
the enemy would surely discover the at- 
tempt. So he dispatched a messenger to 
Brown and to L'Assomption, a French 
settlement where lived a Mr. Walker, who 
was on the side of the patriots, to hurry 
on assistance. Allen's hope was to hold 
his ground until aid could arrive, and 
Walker had raised a considerable force 
to march to him when he learned of his 
surrender. Allen had placed guards be- 
tween his position and the town, with 
orders to let nobody pass or repass. A 
good many prisoners were detained in this 
way early in the day, but one of them 
managed to escape and went to General 
Carleton in the city, who had made every 
preparation to take refuge in his ships, 
exposed the weakness of Allen's force, and 
it was decided to attack Allen in the mid- 
dle of the afternoon, before assistance 
could reach him. Carleton marched out 
with about five hundred men, chiefly Cana- 
dians and residents of the city, and in- 
cluding only forty regulars. Allen's 
force was made up of only 30 Americans 
and 80 Canadians, but he was in a well- 
selected position, and he defended it 
bravely and skillfully for an hour and 
three-quarters, until nearly all his Cana- 
dians had deserted him, when he finally 
surrendered with a force of thirty-one ef- 
fective men and seven wounded, on being 
assured good quarters for himself and 

Schuyler and Montgomery both com- 
mented severely in letters and reports on 
Allen's rashness in making the attack 
single-handed, and this view was excusable 
with the information they had at the time. 
They knew nothing apparently of the 
plan of concert with Brown, or how sure- 
ly it would have succeeded if Allen had 
had the co-operation he had a right to de- 
pend on. They only knew the conse- 
quences of defeat, which were so dis- 
astrous, putting "the French people into 
great consternation," as Warner wrote, 
and "changing the face of things," as a 
Tory wrote to Governor Franklin of New 
Jersey (the son of the great Benjamin 
Franklin). "The Canadians," he added, 
"were before jiine-tcnths for the Bos- 
tonians; thev are now returned to their 
duty." The truth is that the attack in- 
stead of being a reckless exhibition of 
Allen's vanity was planned after a full 




consultation, on the united judgment of 
all the officers in both commands, and it 
only failed by one of those military ac- 
cidents which can never be provided 
against, in Brown's failure to co-operate. 
Carleton practically admits this in his re- 
port when he shows how poorly prepared 
Montreal was for attack, and how he was 
on the point of abandoning the city when 
he learned from the escaped prisoner of 
Allen's weakness. 

Allen's captivity was full of exciting 
and characteristic incidents. He had just 
handed over his sword when an Indian 
attempted to shoot him. Allen instantly 
twitched the officer to whom he had 
handed his sword between him and the 
savage. Then another attacked him, and 
Allen only saved himself from being mur- 
dered by twitching the officer around him 
with such swiftness that neither of the 
Indians could reach him without endanger- 
ing the officer, until another officer and an 
Irishman drove the Indians away. Allen 
then walked with the officers to Montreal, 
meeting in the barrack yard General 
Prescott, who, when he learned that it 
was the Colonel Allen of Ticonderoga 
fame, broke into a torrent of abuse, shook 
his cane over Allen's head, until the lat- 
ter shook his fist and assured the general 
that it would be "the beetle of mortality" 
for him if he struck. Then Prescott, ac- 
cording to Allen's narrative, ordered for- 
Avard a sergeant's command to kill the 
thirteen Canadians who were included in 
the surrender. Allen stepped between 
the executioner and the prisoners, and 
told Prescott to thrust the bayonets into 
his breast, for he was the sole cause of 
the Canadians taking up arms. Prescott, 
after a little hesitation, replied with an 
oath: "I will not execute you now, but 
you shall grace a halter at Tyburn." 

Then began Allen's two years and seven 
months of captivity. He was first put on 
board the ship of war Gaspe in the har- 
bor and kept in irons six weeks. The leg 
irons he describes as weighing thirty or 
forty pounds with a bar eight feet long, 
and so heavy that he could only lie on his 
back. He wrote to Prescott and Carleton 
protesting against such usage and con- 
trasting it with that he had accorded to 
the prisoners he took at Ticonderoga, but 
without eliciting a reply, though he was 
finally transferred to another ship where 

he was very generously treated. But this 
polite treatment lasted less than a fort- 
night, when, on tlie appearance of Arnold 
before Quebec, Allen and the other pris- 
oners were placed on board a merchant- 
man, the Adamant, and shipped to Eng- 
land. Their treatment aboard this ship 
was most villainous. Thirty-four of them 
were confined, handcuffed, in a little 
room 20x22, so dark that the}^ could not 
see one another, filled with vermin and an 
intolerable stench, without an adequate 
supply of water, where, suffering from 
diarrhea and fever, they were compelled 
to eat, sleep, and perform all the offices 
of life. Allen protested against it as a 
disgrace to honor and humanity, but was 
told that it was good enough for a rebel. 
In the course of the dispute a lieutenant 
among the Tories spit in his face. Allen, 
handcuffed as he was, sprang upon him, 
knocked him partly down, pursued him in 
fury to the cabin, where the lieutenant, 
thoroughly frightened, put himself under 
the protection of a file of men with fixed 

Upon their arrival at Falmouth, Eng- 
land, Allen and his men were con- 
fined in Pendennis Castle, near that city. 
The government was evidently puzzled 
just what to do with him. Bets were 
made in London that he would be hanged ; 
but the Tory ministr^^ hesitated to take 
this step, through fear of the great Whig 
leaders, who favored a more conciliatory 
policy toward the colonies. In the story 
of his captivity which he afterward pub- 
lished, he relates that an attempt was 
made to bribe him into joining the royal- 
ist cause. An "officer of high rank," 
whose name does not appear, was sent to 
him to represent that the injuries he had 
suffered from New York arose from an 
abuse of an order in council, and if he 
would return to allegiance to the king he 
should have a full pardon, his lands be 
restored to him, he and his men sent back 
to Boston, and he placed in command of a 
company of rangers ; but if he refused 
they must all be disposed of as the law 
directs — a delicate way of intimating that 
he would grace a gallows. Allen only 
makes a brief allusion to this incident. 
But the event shows that he spurned the 
bribe and dared the government to do its 
worst. His bold demeanor won the sym- 
pathy of liberal-minded people. He 




learned afterwards, he says, that there 
was a move for a writ of habeas corpus 
to obtain for him his Iberty. 

At leng^th, at a cabinet meeting on 
Dec. '27. it was decided that he and his 
associates should be sent back to America 
and detained there as prisoners of war. 
Early in January, 1776, the}' were ac- 
cordingly placed on board a man-of-war. 
and Allen put in irons. They were taken 
first to Cork Harbor, Ireland, then to the 
"North Carolina coast, and later to Hali- 
fax, where they were kept for several 
months, being transferred from one ship 
to another and treated with various de- 
grees of inhumanity as the temper of the 
different commanding officers dictated. 
Finally, in November, 1776, they were 
landed in New York, then in British con- 
trol, where Allen was placed on parole, 
and remained for eighteen months in com- 
parative comfort, thougli he tells a har- 
rowing story of the way in which the pri- 
vate soldiers were treated. He exerted 
himself a good deal to alleviate their con- 
dition, but with little success. Of the 
thirty-one men captured with him two 
died in imprisonment, three were ex- 
changed, and all the rest made their es- 
cape at one time or another. It was while 
at New York that the second attempt was 
made to seduce his allegiance, by an of- 
ficer who came to his lodgings, told him 
that his fidelity, though in a wrong cause, 
had recommended him to General Howe, 
who wished to make him colonel of a regi- 
ment of Tories; proposed to send him 
back to England to be introduced to Lord 
George Germaine, and probably to the 
king, and return with Burgoyne; he 
should be paid richly in gold, and receive 
for Ills services in reducing the country 
a large tract of land in Connecticut or 
Vermont, as he preferred. According to 
his own story he refused the offer with 
characteristic «'mphasis, likening it to the 
temptation of "our Saviour" in the wilder- 

Allen was exchanged May S, 1778, for 
Col. Alexander Campbell, and after two 
days of courteous critcrtainincnt at Gen- 
eral Caiiipbell's headquarters crossed New 
Jersey to Valley I'orge. where he was en- 
tertained by Washington for several days 
and received marked honors from Put- 
nam, Gates, Lafayette, Steuben and all 
the officers and men who were heroicallv 

maintaining the country's cause in its 
very darkest hour. He wrote a letter to 
Congress offering his services to the cause 
in any capacity where he could be useful, 
and then proceeded to Bennington, going 
most of the way in company with Gates, 
everywhere being received with acclama- 
tions by the people, and reaching home 
Sunday evening. May 31, where the ex- 
pressions of love and enthusiasm could not 
be restrained, even in that orthodox popu- 
lace, and cannon boomed welcome from 
the people, who had long supposed him 
dead. Fourteen guns were fired, one for 
each state and one for Vermont. His 
brother Heman had just died at Salis- 
bury, Conn., while he was on his journey 
home. His only son had died during his 
captivity. His wife, in feeble health, and 
four daughters were in Sunderland. 

He at once asserted his old powers of 
leadership. David Redding had been con- 
victed of treason and sentenced to be 
hanged. A rehearing had been petitioned 
for on the ground that his conviction was 
a violation of the common law, being by 
a jury of six instead of twelve. Governor 
Chittenden had granted a reprieve to 
June 1 1 . The populace, very bitter 
against Redding, was disappointed, angry, 
and threatening to take the law into 
its own hands, when Allen appeared 
and cried: "Attention, the whole!" and 
he proceeded to explain the illegality of 
the trial, and told the people to go home 
and return in a week, and they should 
"see a man hung; if not Redding, I will 
be." The crowd obeyed. Allen was ap- 
pointed attorney for the state at the next 
trial, and he secured Redding's conviction. 

He was selected to write a reply to a 
proclamation of clemency issued by Gov- 
ernor Clinton the February previous, in 
which the New York governor charged 
Vermont's wrongs to the British govern- 
ment while New York was a colony, and 
offered to recall the outlawry act, to re- 
voke all unjust preference in grants, re- 
duce the quit rents to the New Hamp- 
shire basis, make the fees of patents rea- 
sonable, and confirm all grants made by 
New Hampshire. Allen's reply, in a 
pamphlet, was skillful, and made clear the 
impracticability of what seemed and 
doubtless was intended to be a fair propo- 
sition. He showed that as a matter of fact 
most of the New Hampshire and Massa- 




chusetts grants had been covered by \ew 
York patents and that as a matter of law 
it was impossible for New York to can- 
cel her former grants, and cited the opin- 
ion of the lords of trade to that eflfect. 
Many people had been eager to accede to 
Governor Clinton's terms, but Allen's 
argument was so strong, the rights of self- 
government so well stated, that the tide of 
public opinion was completely turned. 
Probably it prevented a dissolution of the 
state government. Here again, as well as 
in the initial stages of the controversy, 
was it true, as his best biographer, Henry 
Hall, says: "But for him the state of 
Vermont would probably never have ex- 

He was three times sent on embassies to 
Congress, first in August, 1778, with ref- 
erence to the trouble with New Hamp- 
shire over the "Eastern union." He per- 
formed the delicate duties with great tact 
and reported, strongly advising the dissolu- 
tion of that union and saying that unless it 
was done "the nation will annihilate Ver- 
mont." He was again sent in 1779 with 
Jonas Fay, to defend the new state's ac- 
tion, and to show Congress, as they wrote 
July 1, 1779, that they were "willing that 
every part of the conduct of the people 
we represent should at any convenient 
time be fully laid before the Grand Coun- 
cil of America," but, considering all the 
embarrassments of the country, "would be 
far from urging a decision * * until you 
can have leisure to take it up deliberate- 
ly." The third mission was with Fay, 
Stephen R. Bradley, Moses Robinson and 
Paul Spooner in 1780 to defend Vermont's 
case against the claims of all three of the 
adjoining states, and the duties were per- 
formed with skill and address. 

He was also, Oct. 19, 1799, appointed 
agent to wait on the Council and General 
Court of Massachusetts to negotiate for 
an abandonment of the pretensions which 
the latter state had raised to jurisdiction 
over Vermont, and to secure her acknowl- 
edgment of Vermont's independence. He 
was, in October, 1779, though not a mem- 
ber of the Assembly, appointed chairman 
of a committee, consisting of himself. 
Reuben Jones, Nathan Clark, and John 
Fassett, "to form the outlines of a plan to 
be pursued for defense before Congress 
against the neighboring states in conse- 
quence of a late act of that bodv." He 

was repeatedly appointed on legislative 
committees when not a member. He was 
elected to the Legislature from Arlington, 
though his "usual home" was in Benning- 
ton and his family lived in Sunderland, 
and he was allowed to act, though he re- 
fused to take the oath expressing belief 
in the divine inspiration of the Bible and 
profession of the Protestant religion. 

His military service after his release 
from captivity was confined entirely to his 
own state. Congress gave him the commis- 
sion of brevet brigadier-general, but did 
not call him into the field. Perhaps the 
reason was the suspicion of his loyalty 
that soon became rife. The third effort 
to seduce him was publicly known before 
he knew it. The Legislature made him 
major-general and commander-in-chief of 
the Vermont militia, and he held the po- 
sition for two years, but no active service 
was required except to guard the frontiers. 
In February, 1780, Col. Beverly Robin- 
son, a Virginia Tory, wrote him a letter 
alluding to the Vermont feeling over its 
treatment by Congress and inviting a ne- 
gotiation with the British. The letter was 
delivered to him on the streets of Arling- 
ton in July. Allen showed it to Gover- 
nor Chittenden and the leading men of the 
state, and it was decided to pay no atten- 
tion to it. The next March, however, 
while the Haldimand negotiation was in 
full progress, Allen sent the letter, with 
a duplicate which Robinson had im- 
patiently forwarded, to Congress, with a 
long screed of his own, well calculated to 
impress Congress with the idea that it was 
running a great risk of driving Vermont 
to the other side by its unjust treatment. 
He said he was confident Congress would 
not dispute his sincere attachment to the 
cause of his country, though he did not 
hesitate to declare that he was fully 
"grounded in the opinion that Vermont 
had an indubitable right to agree on 
terms of cessation of hostilities with 
Great Britain, provided the L^nited 
States persisted in rejecting her applica- 
tion for a union with them ; for Vermont 
of all people would be the most miserable 
were she obliged to defend the independ- 
ence of the United States, and they at the 
same time claiming full liberty to over- 
turn and ruin the independence of Ver- 
mont. " He closed with the characteristic 
words: "I am as resolutely determined to 




defend the independence of Vermont as 
Congress is that of the United States, and 
rather than fail, will retire with my hardy 
Green Momitain Boys into the desolate 
caverns of the mountains and wage war 
Avith human nature at large." 

The Haldimand negotiations are more 
fully discussed in the sketch of Ira Al- 
len, whose consummate shrewdness con- 
ducted them to success. Ethan Allen was 
in the secret of them all, and at the time 
had to bear more of the suspicion and 
odium than any other man, but his part 
was chiefly that of counsellor, with very 
little of the active work. There is reason 
for believing that he told Washington all 
about them in the beginning, and that the 
policy of protecting Vermont by fooling 
the British had the tacit approval of the 
country's chieftain. There is no chance for 
reasonable belief that Allen ever for a 
moment contemplated treason to the 
American cause; he had twice spurned of- 
fers when far more alluring. He was con- 
stantly and carefully looking after the 
arms and equipments of the state, to keep 
her in the best condition for defense. In 
December, 1780, even while the charges 
of treason were getting loudest against 
him. he was negotiating with Governor 
Trumbull of Connecticut for two tons of 
powder, to resist an invasion from Can- 
ada. He offered, April 14, 1781, when 
there seemed to be a chance that the Brit- 
ish could no longer be kept off by diplo- 
macy, in a letter to Governor Clinton, his 
own services and those of two other Ver- 
mont officers to defend New York against 

The only question is whether in his de- 
ceit of the British he went beyond the 
lines of honor. The worst piece of evi- 
dence is a letter written to Haldimand, 
June 16, 1782, and closing with these 
words: "I shall do everything in my pow- 
er to render tbis a British province." The 
letter was unsignrd, hut has generally 
been bebeved to liave been written by 
him. AHen, as commander of the Vermont 
army in 1781, concluded a truce with the 
British forces while the negotiations were 
in progress, and he got the nortbcrn parts 
and frontier of New York inehided in it. 
He reported these doings to Colonel Web- 
ster and General Sehuyhr. and warned 
the latter of a project to ea|)ture his per- 
son, assuring hini that tin- "siirniisfs f)f 

my corresponding with the enemy to the 
prejudice of the United States are wholly 
without foundation." Captain Sherwood, 
who came to Allen's headquarters at 
Castleton as an envoy from Haldimand, 
reported Allen as bargaining hypothet- 
ically for himself and for the state, but 
the report of his terms concludes with this 
significant condition: "If, however, Con- 
gress should grant Vermont a seat in that 
assembly as a separate state, then these 
negotiations to be at an end and be kept 
secret on both sides." 

But the wildest reports of his treachery 
flew about the country. Some of them even 
represented him at the head of British 
troops in Canada. The feeling grew at 
home and finally focused in an arraign- 
ment before the Legislature in November, 
1782, for misconduct in the armistice. 
This is what appears in the "Governor 
and Council" minutes as the "Captain 
Hotchkiss Resolutions." The record is very 
meagre. Fay and Bradley, who were on 
his staff at Castleton, testified, and ap- 
parently convinced all that nothing im- 
proper had been done. Allen resigned his 
commission, evidently deeply hurt that 
after all he had done for the people he 
should be subject to such suspicion, that, 
as he said, "such false and ignominious 
aspersions" were entertained against him 
for a moment, and he indignantly left the 
house, declaring that he would "hear no 
more of it." The Legislature appointed a 
committee of two to express the state's 
thanks for Allen's services, and then ac- 
cepted the resignation which Allen had of- 
fered "because there was uneasiness 
among some of the people on account of 
his command ;" but he patriotically said he 
would ever be ready "to serve the state 
according to his abilities," if ever neces- 

The next spring he was chosen gen- 
eral of the brigade of militia, but refused 
to accept, though with a repetition of 
his promise to serve the state in an un- 
official capacity in case of need. In De- 
cember, 1781, when New York attempted 
force to get control of the state, Allen 
was present with the force of Vermont 
militia that defeated the project, not 
nominally in command, but evidently at 
tlie request of Governor Chittenden, as his 
account against the state for that service 
was allowed. 




The rest of his days were passed in 
private life, but with recognition on every 
side as the leader of the state. In 1782 
he was called to the field, as he had been 
two years previously, to quiet the rebel- 
lious "Yorkers" in Windham county, and 
when his party w^as fired on by ambushed 
men in Guilford he walked into the town 
on foot and gave his famous warning that 
unless the inhabitants of the town peace- 
fully submitted to the authority of the 
state of Vermont he would "la}^ it as deso- 
late as Sodom and Gomorrah." When 
Shay's rebellion was started in Massachu- 
setts, messengers were sent to him offering 
him the chief command, but he contemptu- 
ously refused it, ordered the messengers 
out of the state, notified the Massachu- 
setts authorities, and also exerted himself 
vigorously to prevent the insurgents from 
making Vermont a place of refuge. 
Though so long posted as an outlaw, 
though a leader of revolutionists and a 
discourser on human rights through all his 
active career, and though seemingly so 
recklessly extravagant in his talk, he was 
always the friend of law and order. 

In 1787 he moved to Burlington, where 
he devoted himself to farming. He died, 
Feb. 12, 1789, at the age of only fifty- 
one, soon after returning from South Hero, 
where he had been for a load of hay, and 
had spent the afternoon and evening 
previous, at the invitation of Col. Eben- 
ezer Allen, with a party of old friends. 
On the journey his negro attendant spoke 
to him several times and received no re- 
ply, and on reaching home he was found 
to be unconscious with apoplexy. He died 
a few hours later. He was buried with 
military honors, and his remains rest in 
Green Mount Cemetery in Burlington, 
overlooking the beautiful valley of the 
Winooski. The Legislature in 1855 or- 
dered a monument to be erected over his 
grave, a Tuscan column of granite 42 feet 
high, and 4 1-2 feet in diameter. A com- 
manding statue of him designed by Mead, 
of Vermont marble, stands in the portico 
of the Capitol at Montpelier. Another by 
the same great sculptor, of Italian marble, 
is in the capitol at Washington. The 
earliest statue of him was modeled by 
B. H. Kinney, a native of Sunderland, 
back in the early fifties. It was pro- 
nounced by aged people who had seen him 
an excellent likeness, but it is still pri- 

vate property. A fourth statue of heroic 
size, designed by Peter Stevenson, was 
unveiled at Burlington, July 4, 1873, and 
surmounts the Allen monument. 

Much that Allen wrote has been pre- 
served to the present day. Among his 
works, besides those mentioned on pre- 
vious pages, was his "Vindication of Ver- 
mont and Her Right to Form an Inde- 
pendent State," a forceful argument of 
172 pages, written in 1779 and published 
under authority of the Governor and 
Council. In 1779 also appeared his 
"Narrative of My Captivity," from which 
his biographers have got much of their 
material. In 1778 appeared his "An- 
imadversary Address" in answer to Gov- 
ernor Clinton; in 1780, "Concise Refuta- 
tion of the Claims of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts, and New York to the Ter- 
ritory of Vermont," which he and Jonas 
Fay had prepared with much care; and in 
1782 a "Defense of the Eastern and 
Western Unions." In 1774 his most am- 
bitious pamphlet on the New York con- 
troversy appeared, a document of over 
200 pages and an exhaustive discussion of 
the historical aspect of the case, showing 
that prior to the royal order of 1764 New 
York had no claim to extend easterly to 
the Connecticut river. In 1784 he brought 
out the work on which he expected his 
fame to rest, his "Oracles of Reason," 
printed at Bennington, M'hich he called a 
"compendious system of natural religion," 
and consisting as he described it of "the 
untutored logic and sallies of a mind 
nursed principally in the mountain wilds 
of America." It was a volume of 477 
pages, an infidel work, denying the in- 
spiration of the scriptures, but energetic 
in its expressions of veneration for the 
being and perfection of the Deity and its 
firm belief in the immortality of the soul. It 
was laid a good deal on the same lines as 
Paine's "Age of Reason," without Paine's 
caustic style of debate, but with a larger 
and healthier view of things eternal. 
There was a presumptuous tone to it that 
greatly marred it, and yet much of high 
ideals, of humanitarian sentiment, and of 
insight beyond things material into things 

ALLEN, Ira. Born Cornwall. Conn., 
April 21, 1751 ; sixth and youngest son of 
Jose}]]! and Mary (Baker) Allen; died 



Philadelphia. Pa., Jan. 15, 1814. Mar- 
ried Jerusha, daughter of Gen. Roger 
Enos. He received a good English educa- 
tion, and became a practical surveyor 
"while still very young. He came to Ver- 
mont before he was twenty. He entered 
with zeal into various land speculations, 
and was a member of the "Onion River 
Land Company," which consisted, besides 
himself, of his brothers, Ethan, Heman, 
and Zirmi, with Remember Baker, and 
which became the most extensive pro- 
prietor of land in the state. 

He served as a member of the "Green 
Mountain Boys." was a lieutenant in 
Warner's regiment in the Canada cam- 
paign in the fall of 1775, and was se- 
lected by Montgomery as one of the two 
officers for the confidential trust of at- 
tacking Cape Diamond and throwing 
rockets as a signal for three other de- 
tachments to attack Quebec on the night 
of Montgomery's attempt on the city. He 
was appointed secretary of the commit- 
tee of safety as soon as it was formed and 
served until its labors closed. He it was, 
who after the retaking of Ticonderoga by 
the British, when the settlements seemed 
helpless before the on-coming army of 
Burgoyne, conceived the scheme of con- 
fiscating the estates of the Tories to raise 
money to equip and support troops, and 
as a result within a week a regiment of 
men was in the field. He sent expresses 
at his own expense in every direction with 
news of the disaster, and appeals for 
prompt forwarding of troops. In the ter- 
ror of the time no one else, even among 
the military commanders, attended to this, 
and it may not be too much to say that 
the victory at Bennington was due to the 
energy and the wise provision of Ira Al- 
len. He organized scouting parties that 
gathered full information of the enenw's 
movements and forwarded it by express 
in all directions, with sucli encourage- 
ments as it warranted that the enemy 
could be met and repulsed. He sent time- 
ly warnings of the expedition to Ben- 
nington, so that it was by no accident that 
Stark and the New Hampshire trooj)s and 
the Berkshire militia arrived in season to 
repulse and crush it. He helped to con- 
cert the measures for the recapture of Ti- 
conderoga, Crown Point and the strong 
posts in his rear that helj)ed so much to- 

this when the new state was without funds 
or credit, as well as without organization, 
when near three-fourths of the peoijle of 
the west side of the mountain had fled from 
their homes, and a large part of those 
of the east side were disposed to favor 
Xew York's claims, when weak nerved 
and weak principled men were flocking to 
Burgoyne and taking the oath of alle- 
giance to the Crown, and when, besides the 
danger of invasion from the British and 
the savages, the late proceedings of Con- 
gress had shown partiality towards New 
York, and the embryonic state had every 
reason to expect hostile action. He 
staked not only large amounts of his 
money, but his life, on the chance of win- 
ning victory out of this seemingly des- 
perate situation. His actual military serv- 
ice in the Revolution, ended with the 
retreat from Canada in 1776, but he soon 
became captain, then colonel and finally 
major-general of the state militia. He 
was also a member of the board of war 
during nearly the whole of the Revolu- 
tion. He was nearly always the agent 
of the state, either alone or with others, 
in dealing with Congress and with New 
Hampshire and New York. 

On the organization of the new state 
government, in 1778, he was chosen a 
member of the council, and was its secre- 
tary. He was also elected state treasurer, 
at the beginning and held that office for 
nine years, and was surveyor-general 
about the same time, until the jealousies 
and antagonisms that accumulated against 
him, the complaints that he was holding 
"so many offices," resulted in his defeat 
in 1786, with widely-believed charges of 
corruption soon following, and though 
they were afterwards cleared away and it 
was shown that he had been constantly 
aiding the state with his money instead 
of making money out of it, enough of the 
cloud clung to the old suspicion about 
the Haldimand negotiation to somewhat 
shadow his subsequent career. In the elec- 
tions of 1784 and 1785 he failed as can- 
didate for state treasurer before the peo- 
ple, and was only elected by the joint as- 
sembly. He was dropj^ed from the gover- 
nor's council after a year of service in 
1785, and the Assembly on the last day 
of the session of the latter year, aimed a 
bill at him to annul his surveys and dis- 
continiK; his work as surveyor general, 




which the council succeeded in postponing 
to the next session. He became in 1791 
the first treasurer of the town of Colches- 
ter^ and represented that town eight times 
in the General Assembly. 

Tlie Haldimand negotiations must form 
a chief feature of Allen's biography. The 
fact was that, beginning with a cartel for 
the exchange of prisoners which was con- 
cluded with the Vermont authorities when 
it was refused to Washington, these ne- 
gotiations brought about a truce between 
Vermont and the British forces, which 
was extended through the last three cam- 
paigns of the war, while emissaries and 
spies passed back and forth in great pro- 
fusion, and the hope was kept dangling 
before the British that the state would 
desert the cause of the Revolution and 
return to allegiance to the Crown. Several 
times the negotiations went so far as to 
discuss the terms of settlement and to fix 
dates for it; but Ira Allen as the prin- 
cipal negotiator was sure to turn up with 
some plausible reason for postponing de- 
cisive action. It is notable that in all the 
correspondence and negotiations, includ- 
ing the conversations as reported by the 
English representatives, there was never 
once a single profession of loyalty to the 
king on the part of the Vermont leaders. 
The participants on the Vermont side 
took particular pains to protect them- 
selves in history. Early in the negotia- 
tions they put on paper a record of their 
purpose in the form of a certificate for 
Allen prepared in June, 1781, and signed 
by all the eight men in the secret, Jonas 
and Joseph Fay, Samuel Safford, Sam- 
uel and Moses Robinson, Governor Chit- 
tenden, Timothy Brownson, and John 
Fassett. This certificate stated ex- 
plicitly that the scheme was adopted 
"to make them (the British authorities) 
believe Vermont had a desire to negotiate 
a treaty of peace," and because it was 
beyond the power of the state to defend 
itself by arms, and that "we think it to 
be a necessary political manoeuvre to save 
the frontier of this state." Whether in 
the ethics of war such deception as was 
practiced on the British was justifiable, is 
another question. But at least it can be 
said that it was a necessity, the only thing 
the Vermonters could do. The only al- 
ternatives were to absolutely desert to 
the British side, suffer ruinous invasion. 

or commit political suicide by surrender- 
ing to New York, and then without any 
certainty of protection against the British. 
And it was the most useful thing for the 
American cause that could possibly have 
been done; for it kept an army of ten 
thousand men idle on the border in Can- 
ada. It really made possible the Yorktown 
movement, which would have been well- 
nigh impracticable with such an army be- 
sides Clinton's left in Washington's rear. 
Washington knew of the negotiations at 
least a month before the surrender of 
Cornwallis and he understood its purpose. 
Allen played with consummate address 
during these negotiations not only a 
double, but a triple, and even a quadruple 
game. While he was fanning the British 
hopes to their highest, he wa^ an agent 
before Congress to urge the admission of 
the state and resist the claims to jurisdic- 
tion of New York and New Hampshire; 
was negotiating with the Legislature and 
authorities of New Hampshire and the 
commander of the New York troops to 
avert bloodshed pending a decision by 
Congress over the conflicting claims in re- 
gard to the East and West Unions; and 
in the meanwhile converted to the sup- 
port of the new state Luke Knowlton, who 
had been sent to Philadelphia by the ad- 
herents of New York in Cumberland 
County, which then comprised practically 
the territory of the present Windsor and 
Windham Counties. The nerve, the re- 
sourcefulness, and the comprehension of 
human motives by whicli he kept all these 
schemes afloat, and the people of his own 
state passably well satisfied at the same 
time, were little short of marvelous. They 
had a good- illustration in the hearing be- 
fore the Vermont Legislature in June, 
1781, on a resolution for an inquiry into 
the rumor of a secret treaty with Canada. 
Allen knew that there were several spies 
from Canada among the spectators. How 
could he answer the inquiry so as to satisfy 
the suspicious Vermont patriots without 
undeceiving the British authorities as soon 
as his words were reported to them.^ But 
he did it with a frankness that was 
praised by both sides. Governor Chitten- 
den led off, stating how he had, at the 
request of several persons who had 
friends prisoners in Canada, appointed 
Colonel Allen to meet a British commis- 
sioner to arrange for an exchange, and 




how the latter had succeeded after con- 
siderable difficulty in accomplishing it, 
though no such exchanges had taken 
place with the United States or any in- 
dividual state in the northern department. 
For further particulars he would refer 
them to Colonel Allen. 

The latter told how. having made his 
report to the governor and council, not 
expecting to be called on. he had left his 
commission and papers at home; but he 
was ready to make a verbal statement, or 
if desired he would go home and produce 
the writings for the inspection of the 
Legislature. They called for the papers 
and the next day he appeared with them, 
read them seemingly without skip or hesi- 
tation, made a short verbal explanation 
which seemed to show that the British 
had exhibited great generosity in the busi- 
ness, and narrated sundry occurrences 
that indicated that there was a fervent 
wish for peace among the British officers, 
and that the English government was as 
tired of the war as the United States; and 
he concluded by inviting any member of the 
Legislature or any auditor in the gallery 
who wished to ask any further questions to 
do so and he was ready to answer them. 
But "all seemed," to use his words, "satis- 
fied that nothing had been done incon- 
sistent to the interests of the states," and 
many of those who had before been most 
suspicious complimented him for his 
"open and candid conduct." That even- 
ing he had a conference with the spies 
from Canada, and they also had nothing 
but praise for the devotion he had shown 
to the cause of union with Britain ! 

Meanwhile, in 1779. Allen visited the 
Legislatures of New Jersey, Delaware, 
Pennsylvania, and Maryland to enlist 
their support in favor of Vermont's claims 
to recognition as a separate state apart 
from any pretensions to jurisdiction 
which might be asserted by New York, 
New Hampshire, or Massachusetts. In 
1780. witli Stephen R. Bradley, and in 
the following year, in connection with a 
number of others, he appeared as an 
agent before the Continental Congress in 
furtherance of the same end ; and it was 
largely through his unfailing tact, his 
adroitness, and liis skill in clever polit- 
ical manipulation that the question of 
Vermont's partition between the ad- 
joining states was postponed until the 

close of the war and that Vermont re- 
mains to-day a sovereign commonwealth. 
His official services to the state closed in 
1790, when he was member of the com- 
mission on the part of Vermont that final- 
ly settled the protracted controvers}^ with 
New York and cleared the way for the 
admission of the state into the Union. 

He was the father of the University of 
Vermont. On Oct. 14, 1789;, he presented 
a memorial to the Legislature for the 
establishment of the college with subscrip- 
tions amounting to i5643, of which he 
contributed £4000, and the charter was 
granted Nov. 3, 1791. The financial 
ruin which afterward overtook him caused 
the abandonment of his schemes for the 
advancement of the institution ; but the 
services which he rendered it can scarcely 
be overestimated, and annually "Founder's 
Day" is celebrated by the university in 
his honor. He became interested also in 
projects for a commercial treaty with 
Canada, and for canals connecting Lake 
Champlain with both the St. Lawrence 
and the Hudson. 

In 1795 Allen went to Europe for his 
canal enterprise and on a commission from 
Governor Chittenden to purchase arms 
for the state. He got nothing but fair 
words from the British cabinet in return 
for his exertions for the canal, but he se- 
cured twenty-four cannon and twenty thou- 
sand muskets in France, and with them 
took ship for home. But the ship was 
captured by an English cruiser, and 
seized with the whole cargo on a charge 
that it was designed to aid the rebellion 
in Ireland. Allen showed conclusively by 
evidence secured from Vermont that the 
charge was untrue and the arms pur- 
chased for the purpose he represented. 
But it took eight years of litigation to do 
it, and the enormous expense of it, with 
the neglect of his affairs at home, ruined 
him. He at one time estimated his real 
estate in Vermont to be worth on proper 
appraisal from $1,000,000 to $1,500,000. 
He may have included in this estimate the 
shares of his four brothers and of Re- 
member Baker, of whose estate he was 
administrator, but there is no doubt that 
lie was enormously wealthy, or that while 
he was in Europe he was robbed right 
and left with claims of fraudulent title, 
executions, and tax sales. He had ac- 
cumulated considerable unpopularity at 




home, having had a long controversy over 
his accounts as state treasurer as well as 
surveyor-general, and had once gone so 
far, in 1792, as to begin a suit against 
the state in the United States circuit 
court, and these things were of material 
assistance to the people who were 
plundering him. Finally, wearied with 
lawsuits, broken in health and fortune, 
and even jailed at Burlington by exact- 
ing creditors, he made his escape and 
fled from the state for which he had done 
so much. He lived in Philadelphia the 
last few years of his life, where he died 
in poverty, and was buried in a stranger's 
grave in the Free Quaker Burial Ground, 
with no stone to mark the spot. 

It is only in comparatively recent years 
that his immense services to Vermont, far 
outweighing the more theatric services of 
his brother Ethan, have come to be right- 
ly estimated. In tardy acknowledgment 
of the state's debt to him, it was pro- 
posed early in the present century to dis- 
inter his remains at Philadelphia and 
bury them honorably in Vermont soil ; but 
a thorough search failed to disclose the 
location of his grave, and his ashes lie 
unidentified far from the state which was 
so late in giving him his just credit. 

BAKER, Remember. Born Woodbury, 
Conn., and baptized June 9, 1737; son of 
Remember and Desire (Warner) Baker; 
killed during the American invasion of 
Canada in the fall of 1775. A cousin 
of the Aliens, and, by marriage, of Seth 
Warner; one of the men for whose head 
Xew York offered a reward ; was among 
the most influential and useful of the early 
leaders and was fast growing towards a 
larger fame when his life was cut off at 
the age of thirty-eight. In early youth 
he lost his father, who was shot by a 
neighbor while out hunting, and he was 
apprenticed to a joiner, where he learned 
to read and write and acquired the habits 
of prudence, energy and self-reliance that 
served him so well in after years. At the 
age of eighteen he served in the expe- 
dition against Canada in the French war 
and saw much service about Lakes George 
and Champlain, and in this way acquired 
much knowledge of Vermont lands and 
their attractiveness. He was present at 
Ticonderoga when Abercrombie fell. He 
rose to be an officer before the war closed, 

and gained much distinction by his 
bravery and discretion. He came to Ver- 
mont with the first wave of immigration 
to the west side, in 1763, at the age of 
twenty-six, and spent much time exploring 
lands and hunting, and a year later he 
settled in Arlington, where he built the 
first grist mill on the grants north of 
Bennington, which attracted many set- 
tlers to that vicinity, and identified him- 
self unreservedly with the cause of the 
settlers when the trouble with New York 
arose. He is described as cool and tem- 
perate in council, but resolute and deter- 
mined in action. He usually wished to in- 
flict severer penalties on the Yorkers than 
his companions. Perhaps his own tough 
experience afforded some reason, for, 
stimulated by the reward offered, an at- 
tempt was made in March, 1772, to cap- 
ture him, by a dozen partisans of New 
York under the lead of one John Monroe. 
They broke into his house in the dawn of 
a Monday morning, pounded and mal- 
treated his children, attempted to slash 
his wife with a sword, and even to fire the 
building after plundering it. Baker at first 
attempted to defend himself in his cham- 
ber, but to draw the attention of his assail- 
ants from his family burst a board from 
the end of the house, escaped and ran. 
Then, according to the story written by 
Ethan Allen for the Hartford Courant. 
they set a large dog upon him, overtook 
him, pinioned him, refused to allow him 
to dress — for he was just as he arose from 
the bed — threw him into a carriage where 
they clubbed and cut and slashed him 
unmercifully until blood streamed from 
various parts of the body, and then drove 
rapidly towards Albany. Three men who 
jDursued were fired upon by Monroe's 
party, and robbed of all their effects to 
the amount of $40. But another rescuing 
party was formed at Arlington as soon as 
the news of the kidnapping spread, and 
pursued with such vigor that it came up 
with Monroe's gang at Hudson's Ferry, 
just opposite Albany, drove the captors 
off, and took Baker back in triumph to 
Arlington. Baker was with Allen as a cap- 
tain at Ticonderoga, and also with the 
regiment of Green Mountan Boys when 
the invasion of Canada was begun in the 
fall following. When Schuyler took com- 
mand of the northern department he sent 
Baker ahead to reconnoiter the enemv's 




position and obtain information of the 
military situation in Canada, and it was 
while out on this duty that he was shot 
by the Indians in the. vicinity of St. 
Johns. He was not only a brave and 
capable officer and a progressive business 
man, but he was a kind neighbor and he 
relieved the distress of many a family. 
He left five children, one of whom, also 
named Remember, became a lawyer of 
some note in New York state. 

HERRICK. CoL. Samuel. One of the 
romantic figures of the Revolution and the 
few vears before, and that is all we know 
of him. He came to Bennington about 
1768, and soon after the Revolution 
moved to Springfield, N. Y., but prior to 
and after that time his career is a blank 
to written history. He was a captain in 
the Ticonderoga expedition, and was de- 
tailed by Allen with a party of thirty 
men to capture Skeenesboro (now White- 
hall and take into custody ^Nlajor 
Skeene and his party. He succeeded com- 
pletely, secured the young man and a 
schooner and several bateaux with which 
they hastened to Ticonderoga. In the 
summer of 1777 he was made colonel of 
a regiment of rangers which the council 
of safety ordered raised to help meet Bur- 
goyne's invasion. He and his rangers 
annoyed Burgoyne, obstructed his advance 
by felling trees over the roads and rolling 
stones in his path, so that Burgoyne was 
compelled to cross Fort Ann Mountain 
with his heavy train of artillery by a 
road that was almost impassable. They 
harassed his rear, cut off his supplies, and 
in a thousand ways did the work of 
genuine "rangers" to increase the dif- 
ficulties of the British descent. It was 
a work which contributed materially to 
the final ruin of the in\asion, and for it 
the credit is due the council of safety 
which ordered him to keep it up, while 
Schuyler was continually ordering liim to 
abandon it and join the defensive army 
in the front of Burgoyne. He was at the 
battle of Bennington with such of tliis 
regiment as had then been enlisted and a 
body of local militia as a separate de- 
tachment, making a body of .SOO men with 
which he led the attack on the rear of 
Banm's right simultaneously with the as- 
saults of Colonels Nichols, Hubbard and 
Stickney on other parts of the line, and 

he did his part of that glorious day's work 
skillfully and gallantly. In September of 
the same year he and the Rangers with 
Colonel Brown's regiment gained the com- 
mand of Lake George, drove the British 
from Mounts Independence, Defiance, and 
Hope, and forced their evacuation of Ti- 
conderoga. He was afterwards in com- 
mand of the southwestern regiment of the 
state militia and did active service on sev- 
eral occasions. The council in February, 
1778, ordered a battalion of six companies 
to be raised under command of Herrick 
to aid a proposed attack of Lafayette on 
St. Johns, but the enterprise was given 
up. Herrick received a special letter of 
thanks from Gates and one from the Ver- 
mont council for his part in the Lake 
George expedition. 

WARNER, Seth. Born Roxbury,Conn., 
May 17, 1743; son of Dr. Ebenezer War- 
ner; died in his native town Dec. 26, 
178i. The ablest soldier of Vermont's 
formative period. He early joined in the 
movement to the New Hampshire Grants, 
which were beginning to be settled since 
the close of the French and Indian war. 
He came to Bennington in 1765. He had 
only a common school education, but 
possessed some knowledge of botany, and 
was an ardent huntsman; and, judging 
from his circumstances, it has been sug- 
gested that he gave perhaps more atten- 
tion to the chase and to his botanical 
studies than to the more prosaic duties of 
the farm. He was once or twice a mem- 
ber of conventions of the settlers, but had 
little ambition to play a part in the 
politics of the time. He took his share, 
however, in resisting the aggressions of 
the New York authorities. Though his 
farm was situated outside the village of 
Bennington and less than a mile from the 
New York border, and despite the fact 
that large rewards were offered for his ar- 
rest, the Yorkers never succeeded in cap- 
turing him. Once a New York officer, 
armed to the teeth, found and attempted 
to arrest him. Warner wounded and dis- 
armed the man, but with the spirit of a 
soldier s))ared his life. 

Warner was, in 1771, elected by a con- 
vention a captain of one of the companies 
in the regiment of Green Mountain Boys 
organized to resist New York, Four years 
later, in May, 1775, he joined Ethan 




Allen in the expedition against Ticon- 
deroga ; but, owing to the neglect to pro- 
vide enough boats to transport the whple 
party to the New York side, he was left 
with the bulk of the expedition on the 
east shore of the lake, and so was not 
present at the actual capture of the for- 
tress. The next day, however, he was 
sent with a detachment of men to take 
Crown Point, which he accomplished suc- 
cessfully, the fortress surrendering at 
the first summons. He earnestly sec- 
onded Allen's efforts for an invasion of 
Canada, going with him to Philadelphia 
and Albany to urge it on the Continental 
and Provincial Congresses. It looked 
for a time as if the controversy between 
New York and the people on the Grants 
was to disappear in the enthusiasm over 
the capture of Ticonderoga, for not only 
were Allen and Warner cordially received 
when they appeared before the Provincial 
Congress, but they were both willing and 
eager to lead troops raised under New 
York authority; and the Congress passed 
a resolution authorizing the raising of a 
regiment among the Vermonters to be 
commanded by officers chosen by them- 

Allen, colonel of the Green Mountain 
Boys, and now in the first flush of his 
fame as the hero of Ticonderoga, expected 
to be chosen as a matter of course to lead 
the new regiment; and he was much 
chagrined, accordingly^, when, in July, 
1775, the convention from the towns to 
name the officers elected Warner to the 
command by a vote of 41 to 5. The New 
York government, however, failed to send 
Warner his commission, and it was left 
to General Montgomery, after the regi- 
ment's arrival in Canada, to order him to 
act as colonel and that he be obeyed as 
such. Moreover, New York, repenting 
of her short-lived magnanimity toward the 
settlers in the Grants, renewed her de- 
nunciations of Warner, and endeavored to 
persuade the Continental authorities to 
disband the regiment; yet it was but little 
more than a year after this that New 
York was relying mainly on Warner and 
this regiment for the protection of her 
own frontiers — an arduous and exhausting 
service which they cheerfully rendered. 

When the invasion of Canada was 
finally begun in the fall of 1775, Warner 
joined it within three days. Montgomery, 

besieging St. John's, which was defended 
by some 700 troops under the command 
of Colonel McLean, promjitly sent him 
with a part of his men to the St. Law- 
rence and vicinity of Montreal to watch 
the motions of the enemy. With 300 
men he repulsed General Carleton when 
the latter attempted with 800 men 
to join McLean and raise the siege. 
\Varner watched the British as they em- 
barked from Montreal, permitted them 
to approach very near the south shore of 
the river, and then poured a hot fire into 
them, throwing them into disorder and 
compelling a retreat. It was well and 
gallantly done. After this success, he 
erected a battery at the mouth of the 
Sorel to command the passage of the St. 
Lawrence and block up Carleton in ^lon- 
treal. Carleton managed to escape down 
the river to Quebec, and Montgomery 
took possession of Montreal November 
13. But General Prescott, attempting to 
escape with a number of armed vessels 
loaded with provisions and military 
stores, was captured at the mouth of the 
Sorel with 120 men. Warner also com- 
manded at an action at Longueil, for 
which Montgomery commended his bravery 
and prudence. 

November 20, as the regiment was too 
miserably clad to endure a winter's cam- 
paign, Montgomery discharged it with 
peculiar marks of respect. But the men 
had hardly reached heme when General 
Wooster wrote Warner, telling of the 
desperate straits the invading army was 
in after the repulse at Quebec, and the 
sickness and desertions from which it was 
suffering, and urging him to raise a body 
of men and hasten to their support. "Let 
them come," General Wooster wrote, "by 
tens, twenties, thirties, forties or fifties, as 
fast as they can be prepared to march." 
Eleven days afterward Warner was again 
marching a regiment northward. The 
men had become habituated to turn out at 
his call, and they loved him as few officers 
are loved by their soldiers. He was 
affable and familiar with the humblest 
private without sacrificing any of the dig- 
nity necessary to command. The cam- 
paign was an extremely distressing one. 
The troops, ev'cn the freshly-armed Green 
Mountain Boys, lacked comfortable cloth- 
ing, barracks, and provisions. Warner 
was placed in command of the rear guard, 




and did good service in covering the re- 
treat, picking up the wounded and dis- 
tressed and keeping generally only a few 
miles ahead of the British advance, who 
pursued closely from post to post. He 
brought off most of the invalids, and ar- 
rived at Ticonderoga a few days after the 
main column. 

July 5. 1776.. shortly after the final 
abandonment of Canada, Congress re- 
solved, on a report of the board of war, 
to organize a regiment of regular troops 
for permanent service, to be under com- 
mand of officers who had served in Can- 
ada. Warner was appointed colonel of 
this regiment which was raised chiefly 
in Vermont. Warner was at Ticonderoga 
with his regiment through the remainder 
of the campaign of 1776, and did some 
efficient service in protecting that post. 

In the campaign of 1777, Warner went 
to work with his accustomed activity to 
meet the coming invasion of Burgoyne. 
He issued a stirring appeal to all Ver- 
monters, and wrote, July 2, from Rut- 
land to the convention at Windsor that 
an attack was expected at Ticonderoga, 
and urging that all men who could pos- 
sibly be raised be forwarded at once. "I 
should be glad," he said, "if a few hills 
of corn unhoed should not be a motive 
sufficient to detain men at home." He 
reached Ticonderoga July 5, in season to 
assist in its defense; but morning had 
revealed the red coats of a British out- 
post in possession of the heights of Mount 
Defiance which commanded the fort, and 
General St. Clair and his council of war 
resolved to abandon the post that night, 
before Burgoyne's investment was com- 

Under cover of the darkness, as much 
of the military stores as possible was em- 
barked in bateaux and sent for safety to- 
ward tlie head of the lake; and the gar- 
rison began its evacuation, in what was 
intended to be j)rofouiul silenct; and se- 
crecy, across the floating bridg(; which had 
been constructed to the eastern shore. 
Unfortunately, at the last moment one of 
the officers, anxious to leave behind as 
little as possible to fall into the enemy's 
hands, incautiously set fire to bis quarters, 
and the flames, suddenly illuminating the 
night, not only disclosed to the British 
the movements of the Americans, but 
threw the garrison itself into a panic. The 

retreat became a headlong flight. Some 
semblance of order having been at last 
restored, the fugitive garrison advanced 
to Hubbardton, where a short rest was al- 
lowed, whereupon St. Clair with the main 
body of the troops proceeded toward 
Castleton, leaving Warner in command of 
the rear guard, consisting of his own 
regiment, together with a New Hampshire 
regiment under Colonel Hale, and an- 
other from Massachusetts under Colonel 
Francis, with orders to remain there till 
all stragglers should have come in. 

Meanwhile, the retreat of the Ameri- 
cans having been discovered. General 
Frazier with his brigade set out in pur- 
suit, followed after an interval by a con- 
siderable body of German troops under 
General Riedesel. Marching through the 
heat of the July day, Frazier arrived 
within a short distance of Warner's po- 
sition, where he halted for the night. Ad- 
vancing in the early morning of the 7th, 
he attacked the Americans about sunrise. 
Then was fought the battle of Hubbard- 
ton, the only real battle ever fought on 
Vermont soil. Colonel Hale, however, 
had withdrawn his regiment, which he af- 
terward surrendered without a blow to a 
small force of the enemy whom he en- 
countered. Thus Warner and Francis 
were left, with some 800 men, to meet the 
attack of the much larger force under 
Frazier. For a time the accurate and 
deadly fire of the Americans held the 
enemy at bay; but Francis, in command 
of the Massachusetts regiment, fell, shot 
through the breast, and his men began a 
disorderly flight, which Warner attempted 
in vain to arrest. The arrival of the Ger- 
man troops made further resistance im- 
possible, and Warner and his men, the 
only remnant of the rear guard, succeeded 
in making their escape to the woods, and 
afterward found their way to Castleton. 
The result of this engagement subjected 
Warner to considerable criticism. Not 
only had St. Clair at Castleton, six miles 
away, failed to furnish any assistance, 
but he wrote to Schuyler that "the rear 
guard stopped rather imprudently six 
miles short of the main body." The fact 
remains, liowever, that Warner simply 
obeyed orders, and but for the desertion 
of the New Hauij)shire and Massachusetts 
men might have made a much more stub- 




born resistance, and even reijulsed 
Frazier's attack. 

Burgoyne, in the meantime, slowly con- 
tinued his advance toward Saratoga. His 
progress was, however, much retarded by 
the fact that Warner, having somewhat 
recui^erated his regiment, had joined 
forces with General Stark, at the head of 
a body of New Hampshire troops. Stark, 
no longer in the Continental service, had 
refused Schuyler's request to bring his 
men to join the Continental army. In- 
stead, the combined Vermont and New 
Hampshire forces hung on the outlying 
flank of the invading army, and not 
only rendered Burgoyne's advance more 
cautious and dangerous, but made possible 
the brilliant American victory at Benning- 
ton. Burgoyne's provisions were running 
low, and it was decided to send a detach- 
ment to seize supplies which the Ameri- 
cans had stored at Bennington. This de- 
tachment consisted of eight hundred men 
under Colonel Baum, a veteran German 
officer, to be supported, if necessary, by 
an additional force under Lieutenant- 
Colonel Breymann. Warner himself had 
hurried on in advance of his regiment at 
the first tidings brought by his admirable 
scouting service of the approach of the 
British. He Avas with Stark two daj's be- 
fore the battle, aided in planning the at- 
tack on Baum's intrenchments, and rode 
about the field with the general early in 
the fight. But so many of his regiment 
were off on scouting duty that, owing to 
a heavy rain, it was midnight on Aug. 15 
before they arrived within a mile of Ben- 
nington. Their ammunition was wet, and 
a considerable part of the next day was 
exhausted before they could reach the 
scene of the battle. They arrived, how- 
ever, most opportunely, just as Breymann 
had come with reinforcements for the 
British, after the day had once been won 
by the Americans, who were now scat- 
tered about in search of plunder. It was 
by Warner's earnest advice, and against 
Stark's first impression, that the fresh 
troops were at once thrown against Brey- 
mann, instead of an attempt being made 
to reform the whole army in a new line 
of attack. Warner put himself at the 
head of his regiment, pushed the fight 
with a fire and dash that made the Ameri- 
cans irresistible as soon as the other 
troops could be formed in line and 

brought into action, and swept Breymann 
and his battalion off the field in complete 
rout. The battle was planned and fought 
with a degree of military talent that 
would have done no discredit to any serv- 
ice in Europe, and Stark in his official 
report expressed his particular obliga- 
tions to Warner, "whose superior skill 
was of great service." His brother, Jesse, 
was killed in the battle. 

Warner was with Gates throughout the 
rest of the campaign, and after the sur- 
render of Burgoyne he was in constant 
service along the Hudson and elsewhere. 
He commanded an expedition to Lake 
George Landing, by which the vessels in 
which Burgoyne might have escaped were 
captured. In April, 1778, he was ordered 
to Albany, leaving Vermont without pro- 
tection. Schu3'ler sent him on a particu- 
lar command into Yessop's Patent, which 
he executed with skill and address. It 
was not a field for brilliant achievements, 
but for vigilance, energ}^, and cool judg- 
ment in guarding against Indian incur- 
sions, watching the Tories, gathering in- 
formation, and protecting communica- 
tions. His bravery and military capacity 
came to be highly regarded by the officers 
of the Continental army. He was 
wounded from an ambush of Indians in 
September, 1780, when the only two of- 
ficers with him fell dead by his side; and 
with his constitution undermined by his 
constant exertions and exposures, he re- 
turned to Bennington toward the close of 
the war a dying man, with poverty to 
crown his misfortunes. Never a business 
man or thoughtful for money matters, he 
had taken no interest or part in the land 
speculations that made most of the Ver- 
mont leaders wealthy. The proprietors 
of several towns had voted him land as 
a reward for his services, but most of it 
was sold for taxes, and he never received 
any benefit. The neglect of his affairs 
and other tax sales while he was fighting 
for his country had nearly used up what 
little possessions he liad, so that before 
his death his wife was forced to appeal 
for charity to the helpless Congress. In 
177-7 the Legislature had granted him 2,- 
000 acres in the northwest part of Essex 
county, supposing it would be valuable, 
but he never realized much from it. 

Colonel Warner was not at any time 
in the secret of the Haldimand negotia- 




tions. but like most people believed that 
something wrong was going on between 
the British and the Vermont authorities, 
and was very indignant about it, becoming 
estranged from his old associates on ac- 
count of it. He went with a Bennington 
committee to Arlington, in 178'2^ to pro- 
test to Governor Chittenden against the 
sending of prisoners that had been taken 
in war to Canada, threatening to raise a 
regiment to overtake and bring them back. 
There was an altercation, and a reply 
from the governor, substantiall}^ telling 
him to mind his own business, that 
Colonel Allen's regiment which had taken 
the prisoners was able to protect them, 
and tliat there would soon be seen a gen- 
erous return of prisoners from Canada — 
which proved to be the fact. 

Colonel Warner returned to Roxbury, 
Conn., in the summer of 1781, and died 
there at the age of forty-one. He was 
long sick; and his last few months were 
clouded by fits of insanity. The burial 
was Avith all the honors of war. In 1859 
the state of Connecticut caused a neat 
and substantial monument, an obelisk of 
Quincy granite, about 21 feet high, to be 
erected over his grave. 

But for over a century and a quarter 
no memorial of him existed in the state 
which he so splendidly served. On Ben- 
nington Battle Day, Aug. l6, IQH, how- 
ever, a monument in his memory was un- 
veiled at Bennington Center, on the 
grounds of the Bennington Monument 
Association — Vermont's first public recog- 
nition of her debt to her most brilliant 
soldier of the Revolution. 


The following is a complete list of the governors of Vermont, with dates of 
service : 

Until 1870 elections for governor were held annually; since then, have been 
held biennially. 

Thomas Chittenden 1T78-89 

Moses Robinson 1789-90 

Thomas Chittenden* 1790-97 

Paul Brighamt 

Aug. 25 to Oct. 16, 1797 

Isaac Tiehenor 1797-1807 

Israel Smith 1807-08 

Isaac Tiehenor 1808-09 

Jonas Galusha 1809-13 

Martin Chittenden 1813-15 

Jonas Galusha 1815-20 

Richard Skinner 1820-23 

C. P. Van Ness 1823-26 

Ezra Butler 1826-28 

Samuel C. Crafts 1828-31 

William A. Palmer 1831-35 

Silas H. JennisonJ 1835-36 

Silas H. Jennison 1836-41 

Charles Paine 1841-43 

John Mattoclis 1843-44 

William Slade 1844-46 

Horace Eaton 1846-48 

Carlos Coolidge 1848-50 

Chas. K. Williams 1850-52 

Erastus Fairbanks 1852-53 

John S. Robinson 1853-54 

Stephen Royce 1854-56 

Ryland Fletcher 1856-58 

Hiland Hall 1858-60 

Erastus Fairbanks 1860-61 

Frederick Holbrook 1861-63 

J. Gregory Smith 1863-65 

Paul Dillingham 1865-67 

John B. Page 1867-69 

Peter T. Washburnlf .... 1869-70 

George W. Hendee§ 1870 

John W. Stewart 1870-72 

Julius Converse 1872-74 

Asahel Peck 1874-76 

Horace Fairbanks 1876-78 

Redfield Proctor 1878-80 

Roswell Farnham 1880-82 

Joim E. Barstow 1882-84 

Samuel E. Pingree 1884-86 

Ebenezer J. Ormsbee 1886-88 

Wm. P. Dillingham 1888-90 

Carroll S. Page 1890-92 

Levi K. Fuller 1892-94 

Urban A. Woodbury 1894-96 

Josiah Grout " 1896-98 

Edward C. Smith 1898-1900 

Wm. W. Sticknev 1900-02 

John G. McCulIough 1902-04 

Charles J. Bell 1904-06 

Fletcher D. Proctor 1906-08 

George H. Proutv 1908-10 

John A. Mead. . .' 1910-13 

"Died Aug. 25, 1797. 

fLieutenant-governor, acting governor on the death of Governor Chittenden. 
JLieutenant-governor, governor by reason of no election of governor by the people or the 
tlDied in office, Feb. 7, 1870. 
§ Lieutenant-governor, governor by reason of the death of Governor ^Vashburn. 

CHITTENDEN, Thomas. Governor 
1778-89, 1790-97. Born East Guilford, 
Conn., Jan. 6, 1730; died Williston, Aug. 
25, 1797; son of Ebenezer, and descended 
from a Welsh family, one of whose mem- 
bers, Moses, was an officer in Cromwell's 
own regiment. Worked on his father's 
farm till 1 8 ; then shipped on a voyage 
to the West Indies ; was captured by a 
P'rench cruiser, England and France be- 
ing then at war; was landed, moneyless 
and friendless, on one of the islands, and 
experienced much suffering before finally 
reaching home. At age of twenty mar- 
ried Elizabeth Meigs; removed to Salis- 
bury, Conn. ; became man of influence 
there, was colonel of militia, and repre- 
sented town six years in the colonial As- 
sembly. Came to Vermont 1774; settled 
at Williston, when there was scarcely a 
house or road in that region ; upon 
American retreat from Canada, 1776. took 
refuge in Massachusetts^ but soon bought 

farm in Arlington ; lived there, and for 
a short time at Pownal and at Danby, 
until after close of the Revolution ; then 
returned to Williston. At Arlington 
worked with the Aliens and ]\Iatthew 
Lyon to rid the town of the strong Tory 
element there, until nearly every royalist 
either submitted or was driven out of 
town ; was first president of committee of 
safety at Bennington; member of conven- 
tion at Dorset, Sept. 25, 1776, to consider 
the independence of the state; at West- 
minster convention was member of the 
committee which drafted the "Declaration 
of Independence of the New Hampshire 
Grants"; at Windsor convention was mem- 
ber of the committee which framed the state 
constitution ; was chosen member and pres- 
ident of the council of safety, upon which 
devolved the management of the state's af- 
fairs, executive, legislative, and judicial, 
luitil a constitutional state government 
should be established. He possessed much 




of that poise of mind and character which 
distinguished ^Vashing•ton ; that judicial 
temperament which reserves judgment 
until the evidence has been carefully 
-weighed; keen insight into human na- 
ture; rare discretion and great sagacity 
in practical matters; these qualities, to- 
gether with his previous legislative ex- 
perience, his command of ailairs. and the 
leadership to which he had rapidly risen 
among the settlers, made him the natural 
choice as first executive of the new state; 
he was elected governor of Vermont 
March \-2, 1778; was thereafter annually 
reelected until his death, with the single 
exception of the year 1789, when, hav- 
ing become involved in the popular sus- 
picion surrounding the conduct of Ira 
Allen as state treasurer and surveyor-gen- 
eral, and being accused of using his of- 
ficial i)osition for the furtherance of Al- 
len's land speculations, he failed to obtain 
a majority of the votes, and, there being 
no election by the people, Moses Robinson 
was chosen governor by the Legislature; 
but in 1790, a settlement of his accounts 
having shown that Allen had advanced 
a certain amount of money to the state and 
that the alleged fraudulent conveyance of 
land to liim was merely in payment of such 
loan. Chittenden was absolved from blame 
in the transaction, and was again elected 
governor. The chief events of his suc- 
cessive administrations were the long con- 
troversy with New York, New Hamp- 
shire, and Massachusetts over their re- 
spective claims to Vermont territory, in- 
cluding the matter of the East and West 
Unions; the long-continued efforts to in- 
duce the impotent and vacillating Con- 
tinental Congress to recognize Vermont as 
an independent state; her final admission 
into the Union by the Federal Congress 
in 1791; the Haldimand negotiations, in 
wliich the governor took a leading part; 
and the legislation of 1781-85 by which 
property titles, much confused from con- 
flicting grants and repeated sales, fore- 
closures, and confiscations, were finally 
established on a basis of substantial 
equity. The East Union was first formed 
in 1778; Ifi towns east of the Clonructi- 
cut, liaving prol)ably in mind the higher 
tax rates existing in New Hampshire, 
asked to b<; brought under Vermont juris- 
diction, and tlie Vermont Legislature, dis- 
regarding New Hampshire's rights in the 
matter, formally aim^xf d them ; but the 

following year, relying upon a promise 
by Congress to recognize her as an inde- 
pendent state provided she would abandon 
her claims to these towns, she relinquished 
all authority over them; this promise not 
having been kept, however, and New 
Hampshire and New York continuing to 
press their pretensions to Vermont terri- 
tory, she retaliated in 1780 by not only 
reestablishing the East Union, but also 
by annexing that part of New Y^ork 
lying east of the Hudson River and ad- 
jacent to her own western boundary, the 
people there, restive under the patroon 
system, having much in common with her 
own inhabitants ; this was known as the 
West Union; but two j^ears later at the 
friendh^ suggestion of General Washing- 
ton in a letter to the governor, both 
LTnions were dissolved; and Chittenden 
enjoys the unique distinction of being the 
only Vermont governor under whom a 
session of the Vermont Legislature was 
held on what was properly foreign soil, 
which occurred at Charlestown, N. H., in 

ROBINSON, MosES. Governor 1789- 
90. Born Hardwick, Mass., March 20, 
1711 ; died Bennington, May 26, 1813; son 
of Samuel Robinson, one of the early set- 
tlers in the Grants. Is said to have been 
educated at Dartmouth College. Married 
Mary Fay, and, after her death, Susan- 
nah Howe. First town clerk of Benning- 
ton 1762, and served as such 18 years; 
a colonel of militia in 1777, and present 
at St. Clair's evacuation of Ticonderoga; 
in the same year became a member of the 
council of safety, which directed the af- 
fairs of the state until the election of a 
state government the following March ; 
from that time imtil 1785 a member of 
the governor's council, whose functions 
were practically those of the present state 
senate; also, the first chief justice of the 
state supreme court, from the organiza- 
tion of that court until 1789; in 1782 an 
agent for the state before the Continental 
Congress ; and one of the commissioners 
who finally settled the controversy with 
New York. Ciovernor Chittenden being 
sus))ected of having, with the consent of 
a ))ortion of the council, fraudulently 
granted certain jniblic lands to Ira Allen, 
and having lost for the time being much 
of his ))opularity, the vote for governor 
in 1789 stood as follows: Chittenden, 




1,263; Robinson^ 746; Samuel Safford^ 
478; for all other candidates, 378; and, 
there being no election by the people, 
Robinson was chosen governor by the 
General Assembh'-; defeated for reelection 
in 1790 by Chittenden. Upon the admis- 
sion of Vermont into the Union in 179^; 
he was elected U. S. senator for the full 
term of six years, Stephen R. Bradley 
being elected for the short term ; a fol- 
lower of Thomas Jefferson, he opposed 
the Jay treaty with England, not only in 
the senate, but at public meetings in Ver- 
mont; and, becoming convinced that the 
state at large was strongly Federalist and 
that he did not voice the will of a ma- 
jority of the people whom he represented, 
he resigned his seat in October, 1796, and 
was succeeded by Isaac Tichenor. the 
Federalist leader. Robinson's only fur- 
ther public service was as member of the 
General Assembly in 1802. 

BRIGHAM, Paul. Acting governor 
from Aug. 25 to Oct. l6, 1797. Born Cov- 
entry, Conn., Jan. 17, 1746; died Norwich, 
June 15, 1824. Rose from the ranks to 
be captain in the Connecticut militia ; was 
three years in the Continental service; 
fought at Germantown, jNIonmouth, and 
elsewhere. . Came to Vermont 1781, and 
settled at Norwich ; rose to prominence in 
Windsor County ; was successively high 
sheriff, judge of probate, assistant judge 
and chief judge of the county court; rep- 
resented Norwich in the General Assem- 
bly 1783, 1786, and 1791; was presi- 
dential elector 1792; delegate to the con- 
stitutional conventions of 1793, 1814, and 
1822; one of the four major-generals of 
militia in 1794; for several years a mem- 
ber of the governor's council; lieutenant- 
governor 1 796-7 ; became acting governor 
on the death of Governor Chittenden in 
1797. Originally a Federalist, he drifted 
gradually into the Jeffersonian ranks, yet 
served as lieutenant-governor 1797-1813, 
and 1815-20, with both Federalist and 
Democratic governors. 

TICHENOR, Isaac. Governor 1797- 
1807, 1808-9. Born Newark, N. J.. Feb. 
8, 1754; died Bennington, Dec. 11, 1838. 
Graduated from Princeton, then known as 
the College of New Jersey, mider the 
presidency of Dr. Witherspoon; studied 
law at Schenectady. N. Y., where he was 
in 1777 appointed an assistant to com- 

missary-general Cuyler in buying sup^Dlies 
for the nortliern department of the Con- 
tinental army ; on this duty came to Ben- 
nington in the summer of that year, and 
remained there and in that vicinity col- 
lecting the supplies whose accumulation 
tempted the fatal expedition of Burgoyne 
to Bennington; had just left, Aug. 13, 
with a drove of cattle for Albany when 
the tidings of that expedition were re- 
ceived ; returned by way of Williams- 
town, reaching the field at dusk on the 
evening of the 17th, the day after the 
battle; decided to settle in Bennington, 
and this was his home v/hen not in actual 
service in the commissary department; in 
the line of his duty he incurred heavy 
pecuniary responsibilities, which em- 
barrassed him through a large part of his 
life. About the close of the war began 
the jDractice of law in Bennington; was 
town representative in 1781-84; speaker 
of the House in the General Assembly 
1783; and an agent to Congress in 1782; 
in that year was sent by the Legislature 
to Windham County to urge the claims of 
the new state on the people, many of 
whom still favored the claims of New 
York, and quell the disturbances there, 
and the mission had considerable effect, 
though severer measures were necessary 
later; was a commissioner under the act 
of 1789 to determine the terms of settle- 
ment with New York. He had been 
steadily growing in reputation among the 
Vermont leaders, and the peculiar value 
of his services with his plausible, persua- 
sive ways added much to his prominence; 
was a judge of the supreme court from 
1791 to 1796. and chief justice the last 
two years, when, on the resignation of 
Moses Robinson from the U. S. Senate, 
he was chosen to fill out the latter's un- 
expired term; was reelected the next year 
for a full term of six years, but he was 
also elected governor that fall, and re- 
signed the senatorship to accept. He had 
then become the recognized Federalist 
leader of the state, and the canvass for 
the governorship had been a sharp one 
between him and the Anti-Federalist and 
other candidates. The death of Governor 
Chittenden had loosed the restraint upon 
partisanship so long exercised by him, and 
the result of the election was no choice 
by the people for governor; but Tiche- 
nor was elected by the Legislature by a 
large majority; served eleven years in all 


EXCYCLorF.DiA ver:\ioxt biography 


as governor, being reelected every year 
until ISOp. except in 1S07, when he was 
defeated by the Democrats under the 
leadership of Israel Smith; so strong had 
he become that he Avas reelected several 
times after his party had become a minor- 
ity. He was in ISli again elected senator 
to Congress, serving six years, until 
March o, 1S'21. when with the complete 
obliteration of his party from American 
politics he retired to private life, after a 
public service filling 38 out of the 4i 
years between 1777 and 18'-21. He died 
at the age of 81. leaving no descendants. 

SMITH. Israel. Governor 1807-8. 
Born Sheffield. Conn., April 4, 1759; died 
Rutland, Dec. '2. 1810. Graduated from 
Yale College 1781; two years later set- 
tled at Rupert, wliere he was admitted 
to the Bar ; represented that town in the 
General Assembly in 178o, and 1788-90, 
and became prominent in the affairs of the 
state during the latter part of the period 
of its independent existence; was one of 
the commission in 1789 to close the con- 
troversy with New York; a member of 
the convention in 1791 that ratified the 
federal constitution preparatory to the ad- 
mission of the state into the Union; in 
this year moved to Rutland ; was elected 
one of the first representatives in Con- 
gress from the western district of the 
state; twice reelected, until in 1797 he 
was at last defeated by Mattliew Lyon, 
who had twice before contested the elec- 
tion with him, though he and Lyon were 
both idrntified with the Jeffersonian 
party ; was that fall elected to the Legis- 
lature from Rutland, and, the Jeffersonian 
Republicans being in a majority, was 
elected cliicf justice of the supreme 
court; held the position only one term; for 
thr next year cam«- a return of Federalist 
control; in 1801, was again elected to the 
chief justiceship, but d<clined; was that 
fall the Republican candidate for gov- 
ernor against Tichenor, but was defeated ; 
was. howrvcr. again elreted rejjresenta- 
tivf! to Congress, and at the «nd of the 
term elected L'. .S. senator over C'hipman. 
In IH07 tin- Rcpiibbcans were finally abb; 
to overeoujr for a short time the great 
|K»piilarity of Ciovernor Tichenor in the 
Htate and eh-cted .Smith governor; he 
resigned his sent in the senate to accept 
the place. In his inaugural he advocated 
Si'veral new idras, among which were the 

state supervision of schools and of high- 
ways, the substitution of imprisonment at 
hard labor for corporal punishment, and 
the construction of a state prison; but the 
farmers of the state were too accustomed 
to government of the utmost frugality to 
welcome such plans, and, though the 
Republicans had now secured an easy as- 
cendency in the state, which cast its elec- 
toral vote for Madison that fall. Smith was 
defeated for reelection 1808 by Tichenor, 
after a hard fought campaign, by a plu- 
rality of 859 and majority of 432. 

GALUSHA, Jonas. Governor 1809-13, 
1815-20. Born Norwich, Conn., Feb. 11, 
1753; died Shaftsbury, Sept. 24, 1834. 
Married for his first wife Mary, daugh- 
ter of Governor Thomas Chittenden, and 
thus was brother-in-law of his life-long 
political opponent, Governor Martin Chit- 
tenden. Came to Vermont 1775, and set- 
tled at Shaftsbury ; was captain of one 
of the town's two militia companies; com- 
manded them both in the battle of Ben- 
nington, and saw much active service 
from 1777 to 1780; was, by occupation a 
farmer and inn-keeper. His first political 
office was that of sheriff of Bennington 
County 1781-7, and as such he did prompt 
and efficient work in preventing Shay's 
men during their rebellion in Massachusetts 
from making Vermont soil a base of oper- 
ations; Avas state councilor 1793-8, and 
again 1801-5; judge of the county court 
1795-7, and again 1800-6; had, as soon 
as well-defined political parties had devel- 
oped, become an ardent Jeffersonian Re- 
])ublican, and the recognized leader of 
the party in state politics ; after the de- 
feat of Governor Smith, by Tichenor in 
1808, was made the next Republican can- 
didate and elected, by a vote of 14,583 to 
13,467 for Tichenor," and reelected 1810- 
12, and again 1815-1.9, a service of nine 
years; was presidential elector 1808, 1820, 
■•md 1 824 ; member of the constitutional 
conventions of 181 1 and 1822. His party, 
was rapidly becoming the dominant party 
in the state, when the New Fngland feel- 
ing against the war of 1812 caused a tem- 
porary reaction. At the election of 1813 
the two leading candidates, Galusha and 
Martin Chittenden, received nearly an 
equal share of the votes ; but, neither hav- 
ing a majority, the election was sent, as 
was often the case in those days, to the 
General Assembly, where, the council be- 




ing Republican and the House Federalist, 
a long and acrimonious discussion ensued, 
the vote being a tie between the two can- 
didates. The result turned on the vote 
of Colchester, where, it was claimed, cer- 
tain U. S. soldiers not entitled to par- 
ticipate in the election had cast their bal- 
lots; if Colchester's vote were rejected, 
three Federalist councilors would be re- 
turned in place of three Republican coun- 
cilors. The council having no authority 
to decide its own membership, the House 
assumed the responsibility, seated the 
three Federalists, and Chittenden was de- 
clared elected by a vote of 112 to 111, 
against the violent protest of the Repub- 
licans. In 181i the choice, between the 
same two candidates, was again thrown 
into the Assembly, and Chittenden again 
elected. But 1815 witnessed a revolu- 
tion on both state and national lines. 
Galusha defeated Chittenden handsomely 
at the polls, 18,055 to 16,632. The next 
year the Federalists made Samuel Strong 
their candidate, and were more badly de- 
feated, 17,262 to 13,888. In 1817 the 
Federalists tried Tichenor again for a 
candidate, and were beaten almost two to 
one. 13,756 to 7,130. By 1819 there was 
no organized opposition to Galusha left, 
less than 3,000 votes being cast for vari- 
ous candidates against him, and the bulk 
of these for other Republicans, W. C. 
Bradley and Dudley Chase. Among his 
recommendations to the Legislature, it is 
interesting to note, as a sign of the times, 
that he urged, in 1819, legislation to 
free the bodies of debtors from arrest and 
imprisonment on debts of small amount, 
being "of opinion that more money is 
spent in the collection of such debts than 
is saved by the collection," and arguing 
that it would be a benefit to "discourage 

CHITTENDEN, Martin. Governor 
1813-15. Born Salisbury, Conn., March 
12, 1769; died Williston, Sept. 5, 1840; 
second son of Gov. Thomas and Elizabeth 
(Meigs) Chittenden. Graduated from 
Dartmouth College 1789. In 1796 mar- 
ried Anna Bentley. Came to Vermont 
with his father 1774, at the age of five; 
after his graduation, lived for a few years 
in Jericho, afterwards in Williston. Rep- 
resentative in the General Assembly from 
Jericho eight years, and from Williston 
two years; clerk of Chittenden countv 

court 1789-93; judge of county court ten 
years, and judge of probate two years; 
representative in Congress 1803-13, until 
his election as governor in the latter year; 
for the circumstances attending that elec- 
tion, see preceding sketch of Governor 
Galusha. Was the last P'ederalist gov- 
ernor of Vermont; joined with his party 
and with New England generally in con- 
demning the war of 1812 as "unnecessary, 
unwise, and hopeless in its offensive oper- 
ations." In November, 1813, issued a 
proclamation recalling a brigade of Ver- 
mont militia then stationed at Plattsburgh, 
on the grounds that the brigade was need- 
ed for the defense of the Vermont fron- 
tier, and that it was unconstitutional for 
Vermont troops to leave the state except 
with the governor's consent; for this act, 
was bitterly assailed by the Republicans ; 
and the officers of the brigade insolently 
refused to obey the governor's orders, al- 
though the men, tired of inaction at Platts- 
biirgh, soon after returned of their own 
accord. In the spring of 1814, during 
Chittenden's first term, a flotilla of small 
war vessels was constructed at Vergennes, 
under Lieutenant, afterward Commodore, 
Maedonough; earthworks, since known as 
Fort Cassin, after Lieutenant Cassin of 
the U. S. navy, were thrown up at the 
mouth of Otter Creek; and May 14 the 
earthworks and the completed vessels re- 
pelled an attack by a British fleet which 
was attempting to enter the creek in order 
to destroy the latter. On the approach 
of the invasion from Canada in 1814 under 
Gen. Sir George Provost, the governor, 
still maintaining that the militia, as such, 
should not be allowed to serve outside the 
borders of the state, yet issued a call for 
volunteers, and Vermont troops to the 
number of 2,500 took part in the land 
engagements at Plattsburgh Sept. 11, 
while jNIacdonough on the lake achieved a 
complete victory over the British fleet and 
thus brought the invasion to a close, the 
cannonading being distinctly heard at Bur- 
lington and many other Vermont towns. 
In the fall election of 1814. Chittenden, 
while slightly leading his opponent and 
brother-in-law, Galusha, still failed of hav- 
ing a popular majority of the votes, but 
was elected by a safe majority in the 
General Assembly ; but its attitude toward 
the war completed the downfall of the 
Federalist party in the state and the rest 
of New England, where it had made its 



last stand; and he retired from public life 
at the close of his second term. 

SKINNER. Richard. Governor IS'20- 
S. Born Litchfield. Conn.. [May 30, 1778; 
died May '23. 1853. from injuries received 
by being thrown from his carriage while 
crossing the Green Movmtains ; son of Gen. 
Timothy Skinner. Studied law in Con- 
necticut; came to Vermont in September, 
1799,. settling at Manchester; was states 
attorney for Bennington County 1800-12, 
serving also as judge of probate during 
tlie last six years of that period ; repre- 
sentative in Congress 1813-5; represented 
Manchester in the General Assembly two 
years, being speaker of the House in 1817; 
judge of the state supreme court 1815-7; 
in 1817 was elected chief justice, but de- 
clined to accept; was again states attorney 
for liis county in 1819; in 1820 in the era 
of "good feeling" was elected governor by 
nearly a unanimous vote. 13,152 to 934 
scattering; was re-elected in 1821 with 
still greater unanimity, 12,434 to 163; and 
again in 1822, though the record of the 
vote cannot be found ; declined further re- 
election, but was the next fall chosen chief 
justice of the supreme court, and served 
until 1829. when he retired from public 

VAN NESS, CoRXELirs P. Governor 
1823-6. Born Kinderhook, N. Y., Jan. 
26, 1782; died Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 15, 
1852; son of Peter Van Ness, and de- 
scended from a wealthy and prominent 
Dutch family. Studied law at Kinder- 
hook in the office of his brother, where 
Martin Van Buren was a fellow-student. 
In 1801- married Rhoda Savage of Chat- 
ham, N. Y., who died at Madrid, Spain, 
July 18, 1834; afterward married a Span- 
ish woman for liis second wife. Practiced 
law at Kinderhook two years; came to 
Vermont 1806, settling at St. Albans; re- 
moved to Burlington 1809; appointed U. 
S. district attorney for \'ermont 1810; 
still holding tliat posititiri. was also ap- 
pointffl 1813 U. S. collector of customs 
at liurlirigton, .serving luitil the close of 
the war; then named as one of the com- 
missioners under the treaty of Ghent to 
settle the boundary line between the Uni- 
ted .States and the Britisli possessions, to 
which task he devoted several years, al- 
thoiigli no agreement was reachrd with the 
British commissioners; rejiresented Bur- 

lington in the General Assembly 1818-20; 
chief justice of the Vermont supreme court 
1821-3; governor for three terms 1823-6; 
declined further re-election; did the hon- 
ors for the state during Lafayette's visit 
in 1825. During his service as governor 
a political change began to manifest itself 
ill the state. At first strongly Federalist, 
^^ermont had cast her electoral vote for 
Jefferson in 1804, and since that time had 
been republican at every presidential elec- 
tion, though occasionally electing Feder- 
alist governors such as Tichenor and Mar- 
tin Chittenden. With the collapse of the 
Federalist party, the Republicans had been 
for some years practically unopposed ; but 
with the Missouri compromise a line of 
cleavage began to show itself in the Re- 
publican party, and the party began to 
split in two in the presidential campaign 
of 1824, when there were four candidates 
for president in the field. One faction, 
under the leadership of John Quincy Ad- 
ams and Henry Clay, both of whom were 
candidates, began to call themselves Na- 
tional Republicans, and, combining with 
the small remnants of the Federalists, be- 
came the Whigs of a few years later. The 
other, represented by Andrew Jackson, 
was known first as the Jackson party, but 
soon began to style themselves Democrat- 
ic-Republicans, a name still in use by 
Tammany Hall in New Y^ork City, and 
later simply Democrats. Vermont cast 
her vote for Adams in 1824, and has ever 
since, for nearly ninety years, voted for 
the presidential candidate opposed to the 
Democratic party. Van Ness, even before 
retiring from the governorship, began an 
active canvass for election to the U. S. 
Senate, as successor to Senator Horatio 
Sej^mour, who also announced himself a 
candidate for re-election. The ensuing 
struggle between the two was the bitterest 
personal contest the state has ever wit- 
nessed, and aroused animosities that se- 
verely injured the popularity Van Ness 
had enjoyed. When the legislature finally 
met. Seymour was elected senator by a 
small majority. Van Ness attributed his 
defeat to the influence of the Adams ad- 
ministration. He issued a manifesto to 
the ))eople declaring hostility to Adams, 
and went to work actively to organize 
Jackson support in the state. He was in- 
volved, as a consequence of the manifesto, 
in a number of controversies with men who 
had long been in his confidence and friend- 




ship. Before the election of 1828 his old 
power had been pretty generally broken, 
and the state cast its vote for Adams by 
a strong majority. Shortly after Jack- 
son's inauguration, however, he was ap- 
pointed minister to Spain, and continued 
to occupy this position for about ten years. 
He returned to the country and state in 
1840, and made a determined effort to 
carry Vermont for his old friend Van Bu- 
ren, but with even less success than in the 
campaign of 1828, and the next spring he 
left Vermont and took up his home in New 
York City. He was for a year and a 
half, in 1844-45, collector of the port of 
New York by appointment of President 
Tyler. This was his last political position. 
The death of his brother, General Van 
Ness, at Washington, in 1846, devolved 
the care of the latter's estate on him, and 
he spent much of his time in Washington 
until his death. By his first marriage he 
had three sons and two daughters. The 
second son, Cornelius, was secretary of the 
Texan republic at his death in 1842; the 
third son, George, died in Texas in 1855 
while a collector of customs. The elder 
daughter married Lord Onseley of the 
British legation at Washington; the young- 
er, Cornelia, a famous beauty of her time, 
married Judge J. J. Roosevelt of the New 
York supreme court. 

BUTLER, Ezra. Governor 1826-8. 
Born Lancaster, Mass., Sept. 24, 1763; 
son of Asaph and Jane (McAllister) But- 
ler; died Waterbury, July 12, 1838. Mar- 
ried Tryphena Diggins. Came to Ver- 
mont with his father in early youth, set- 
tling at West Windsor; but the death of 
his mother necessitated the boy's spending 
most of his time in the family of an older 
brother, and his taking care of himself 
after he was fourteen, so that he had only 
six months of schooling. He went to work 
on the farm of Dr. Stearns at Claremont, 
N. H., soon having the entire management 
of it. At the age of seventeen he was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary army ; and 
early in 1785, when twenty years old, hav- 
ing spent a few months in Weathers field, 
he and his brother came to Waterbury, 
where they built a log house, to which Mr. 
Butler, in June of that year, brought his 
bride, making the journey into the wilder- 
ness on horseback by way of a bridle path. 
They were the second family to settle in 
Waterbury and suffered all the privations 

and hardshii)s of pioneer life. Elected 
first town clerk of Waterbury 1790; rep- 
resented Waterbury in the General Assem- 
bly 1794-7 and 1799-1805; in 1807 was 
elected both representative and member of 
the executive council, serving a part of the 
time in one body, arid a part in the other 
presidential elector 1804, 1820, and 1832 
member of the council of censors 1806 
member of the executive council 1807-12 
a trustee of the University of Vermont 
1810-16; was a supporter of Jonas Galu- 
sha in state politics, and rose steadily to 
a position of recognized leadership ; rep- 
resentative in Congress 1813-15, during 
the war with England, and was an ardent 
supporter of the Madison administration ; 
was defeated for re-election by a Federal- 
ist in 1814, owing to the New England 
feeling against the war ; again member of 
the executive council 1815-26; in 1812 and 
again in 1815 was chief justice of Jef- 
ferson (now Washington) county court, 
serving from the latter year until 1825, 
when the present judiciary system was es- 
tablished ; was then elected first assistant 
judge; was a member of the constitutional 
convention of 1822; in 1826 and again in 
1827 was elected governor, no opposing 
candidate being named, although at each 
election Joel Doolittle received about 2,000 
votes. His most notable work as governor 
was his strenuous opposition to lotteries 
and his efforts for the abolishment of im- 
prisonment for debt. Declining a third 
term as governor, he retired to private life, 
but took part in the anti-Masonic move- 
ment in politics which made its appearance 
at this time. In addition to his other ac- 
tivities, he was an elder in the Baptist 
Church for forty years, and was pastor 
of the church at Waterbury from its or- 
ganization until within a few years of his 
death, serving it without salary or other 

CRAFTS, Samuel C. Governor 1828- 
31. Born Woodstock, Conn.. Oct. 6, 1768; 
son of Col. Ebenezer Crafts, one of the 
first settlers of Craftsbury. and after whom 
the town was named; died Nov. 19. 1853. 
In 1798 married Eunice Todd of Hart- 
ford. Conn.; graduated from Harvard Col- 
lege in 1790; then accompanied his father 
into the wilderness; two years later, on 
the organization of the town of Crafts- 
bury, was elected its first town clerk, and 
held the position for 37 consecutive years, 




even while his public duties called him 
away from home a large part of the time; 
was in the convention to revise the state 
constitution in ITpo, being its youngest 
member, and even then showed marked 
aptitude for public ail'airs; in 179(3 "^^'as 
Craftsbury's representative in the Gen- 
eral Assembly; in 1798 and 1799 was 
clerk of the House; the next year was 
again on the floor, beins re-elected in 1801, 
ISOS. and 1803; was register of probate 
for the Orleans district from 1796 to 1815; 
judge of the Orleans county court from 
1800 to 1810; chief judge for the next 
six years; twenty years later, from 1836 
to 1838, after he had filled the highest 
positions in the state, he was clerk of the 
court: in 1809 be was elected a member 
of the executive council, serving for three 
years, and again from 1825 to 1827; at 
this time also, from 1825 to 1828, he was 
again chief judge of county court; in 1816 
was elected representative in Congress and 
served eight years, usefully and industri- 
ously, but without any great distinction 
or prominence in the national battles of 
those times; afterward was U. S. senator 
for a few months, from December, 1842, 
to March, IS^S, being appointed by Gov- 
ernor Paine, and also chosen by the legis- 
lature to fill out the vmexpired term of 
Samuel Prentiss, who had resigned to be- 
come U. S. district judge; elected gover- 
nor 1828, and re-elected 1829 and 1830. 
His first election was practically unop- 
posed. The next year, however, the anti- 
Masonic movement made its first appear- 
ance in Vermont politics. The movement 
had begun in 1826 in western New York, 
where it was alleged that one William 
Morgan had been abducted and killed by 
Masons in revenge for having revealed the 
secrets of the order. An intense feeling 
against the order spread rapidly over the 
country, and resulted in the existence for 
half a dozen years of the so-called Anti- 
Masonic party, the chief article of whose 
faith was op))osition to the su])])osed in- 
fluence of Masonry in j)ublic affairs. At 
the state election of 1829 the anti-^L■lsons 
polled 1 ,S\1 votes, against less than twice 
that number for Governor Crafts, with 
nf-arly 4.000 cast for Joel Doolittlc. who 
about this time was tlie chronic eandidatf; 
of th»- new Jackson Dcrnoeracy. In 1830 
William A. Palmer, the Anti-Masonic can- 
didate, received nearly 11,000 votes, and, 
there being no election by the people, it 

required 32 ballots in the Legislature to 
re-elect Governor Crafts. The following 
year he retired from politics, although he 
was an unsuccessful candidate for gover- 
nor in 1832, and was presidential elector 
on the Harrison and Tyler ticket in 1840. 

PALMER, W^iLLiAM A. Governor 1831- 
5. Born Hebron, Conn., Sept. 12, 1781; 
son of Joshua and Susanna Palmer; died 
Danville. Dec. 3, I860. In 1813 married 
Sarah Blanchard of Danville. Had only 
a common school education, but studied 
law in Connecticut and, after coming to 
Vermont, with Daniel Buck at Chelsea; 
practiced law at St. Johnsbury for a few 
years; then removed to Danville, where he 
engaged in farming for the rest of his life 
when not employed in public office; was 
eight years county clerk and judge of 
probate for Caledonia County; in 1816 
was for one year a judge of the supreme 
court, declining another election; was six 
times representative from Danville in the 
General Assembly; became one of the Re- 
publican leaders in the state; in 1817 was 
elected to the U. S. Senate to fill out the 
unexpired term of James Fisk, resigned, 
and then for a full term of six years, end- 
ing in 1825. While in the Senate, he in- 
curred much unpopularity in his home 
state by voting in 1819 for the admission 
of Missouri into the Union with her pro- 
slavery constitution, and by voting in the 
following year for the Missouri compro- 
mise bill, being probably the only Ver- 
mont senator who ever voted for a slavery 
bill ; but he always maintained that he was 
right in so voting, not because he believed 
in slavery, but because he believed in state 
sovereignty and the right of a state to 
settle its internal affairs in its own way. 
He again represented Danville in the Gen- 
eral Assembly in 1826 and 1827. Having 
a profound belief in the evil of all secret 
societies, he championed the anti-Masonic 
movement when it ap))eared in Vermont, 
and in 1830 was the unsuccessful anti- 
Masonic candidate for governor against 
Governor Crafts, as related in the preced- 
ing sketch. In 1831 he was again a can- 
didate, and obtained a plurality, though 
not a majority of the popular vote, but 
was elected governor by the I-egislature, 
after nine ballots, by a majority of one. 
In 1832 he also failed of an election by 
the people, but was again elected gov- 
ernor by the Legislature, after 43 ballots, 




by a majority of two. In 1833 he re- 
ceived a popular majority. In 1834, how- 
ever, he was once more elected by the Leg- 
islature, this time on the first ballot ; but 
in 1835, though he had a large plurality 
both of the popular vote and of the votes 
in the Legislature the latter, after taking 
63 indecisive ballots, adjourned without 
making any election, and Silas H. Jenni- 
son, who had been elected lieutenant-gov- 
ernor, became the acting governor. In 
1837 Governor Palmer was a state senator 
from Caledonia County, and this service 
closed his public career. 

JENNISON, Silas H. Acting gover- 
nor 1835-6, and governor 1836-4.1. The 
first Vermont-born governor of the state; 
born Shoreham, ^Nlay 17, 1791; son of 
Levi and Ruth Hemenway Jennison ; died 
September, 1849. Lost his father when 
a year old; had only a few weeks' school- 
ing each year, being obliged to work most 
of the time when a mere boy, but edu- 
cated himself through reading and private 
study. Represented Shoreham in the Gen- 
eral Assembly 1826-31; associate justice 
Addison county court 1829-35; member of 
the executive council; elected lieutenant- 
governor 1835, but became acting governor 
by the failure to elect a governor, as re- 
lated in the preceding sketch ; elected gov- 
ernor as a Whig 1836 and the four fol- 
lowing years. In 1836, while he was gov- 
ernor, occurred the first session of the 
Vermont state senate, which took the place 
of the former executive council. In 1837^ 
at the breaking out of the Papineau re- 
bellion in Canada, he issued a proclama- 
tion, warning against any violation of the 
neutrality laws, as there was much sym- 
pathy among our people with the rebels. 
This affected his popularity for the time 
being, but later his firmness and good 
judgment came to be appreciated. At the 
close of his governorship he declined a 
renomination, but served as judge of pro- 
bate 1841-7, and was a delegate to the 
constitutional convention of 1843. 

PAINE, Charles. Governor 1841-3. 
Born April 15. 1799; son of Judge Eli- 
jah Paine; died in Texas. July 6, 1853. 
Graduated from Harvard College. Took 
charge of his father's business affairs ; 
was one of the leading projectors of the 
Vermont Central R. R.. and its first presi- 
dent; interested foreign capital in it; rode 

on the first train over its tracks, Oct. 11, 
1848, to Xorthfield, where he had settled; 
built and conducted for years a large ho- 
tel at Depot Village; was Whig candidate 
for governor in 1835, when the Whig 
jjarty began to emerge from the confusion 
of the anti-Masonic movement; was elect- 
ed governor in 1841, and again the fol- 
lowing year ; was interested in agriculture, 
cattle breeding, and many important busi- 
ness enterprises; and died while exploring 
a route through Texas for a railway to 
the Pacific. 1180288 

MATTOCKS, John. Governor 1843-4. 
Born Hartford, Conn., March 4, 1777; 
son of Samuel Mattocks, a captain in the 
Revolutionary army; died Aug. 14, 1847. 
Married Esther Newell of Peacham. Came 
to Vermont when a year old with his 
father, who became a member of the Leg- 
islature, a judge, and succeeded Ira Allen 
as state treasurer; when 15 went to live 
with his sister at Middlebury, where he 
began the study of law, which he con- 
tinued later at Fairfield; was admitted to 
the Bar February, 1797; began practice at 
Danville, but soon removed to Peacham ; 
in 1806 was one of the 13 directors of the 
Vermont State Bank; represented Peach- 
am in the General Assembly 1807, 1815. 
1816, 1823, and 1824; was brigadier-gen- 
eral of the state militia 1812; representa- 
tive in Congress 1821-3, 1825-7, and 1841- 
3 ; delegate to the constitutional conven- 
tion of 1836; candidate of the Whigs for 
governor in 1843, and elected by a vote 
of 24,465 to 21,982 for Judge Daniel 
Kellogg, the Democratic candidate; and 
declined a renomination the following 

SLADE, William. Governor 1844-6. 
Born Cornwall. 1786; son of Col. Wil- 
liam Slade, a Revolutionary veteran who 
was sheriff of Addison County for several 
years; died Jan. 18, 1859. He graduated 
from Middlebury College in 1807, studied 
law, and was admitted to the Bar in 1810. 
But his attention was soon absorbed in 
journalism and politics, and in historical 
and literary studies ; was a Madison presi- 
dential elector in 1812; in 1814-16 edited 
the Columbian Patriot, a political jsaper 
at Middlebury, where he also kept a book 
store; in 1816 was made secretary of state, 
and held the position for eight years ; from 
1817 to 1823 was also judge of Addison 




county court, and was afterwards states 
attorney ; before the close of the Monroe 
administration was appointed clerk in the 
state department in Washington, and 
served until 18-29. when he had to "go" 
imder Jackson; in 1830 was elected rep- 
resentative to Congress, serving continu- 
ously from 1831 to 1843; delivered a 
speecli. Dec. '20. 1837. on a petition for 
tlie abolition of the slave trade in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and though the speech 
was suppressed by a vote of the House^ 
the pluck with which he presented the case 
and the skill and coolness with which he 
prodded the slavocracy to desperation, 
were well worthy of admiration; his speech 
on the tariff bill of 181'2 was also regarded 
as a strong one for the protectionist side 
of the argument, especially for its wool 
sdiedule, and it was widely published and 
circidated by the Whigs; on his retirement 
from Congress in 1843 was appointed re- 
porter of the decisions of the Vermont 
supreme court, but held this position only 
one year, being elected governor of the 
state in 1844, and again in 1845. One 
of the interesting episodes of Vermont 
politics in those days was the "war of 
pamphlets" between him and Senator 
Plul))s in 184.7 and 1846, growing out of 
thf charges made against the senator be- 
fore his re-election in 1844, that he had 
been inclined to kick out of the party 
traces and to refuse to vote for the tariff 
bill of 1842 and against the land distribu- 
tion bill, and that he had impaired his use- 
fulness by excessive intemperance, vio- 
lence of temper, and coarseness of lan- 
guage. Slade was at the time governor 
and claimed that Phelps had got him nomi- 
nated to silence these accusations. He had 
been an aspirant for the senator's seat, as 
also had Hiland Hall, and these two with 
Ezra Meech and Charles Adams lathered 
th«- rf-ports, as I'lielps claiinrd. The thing 
was fought out in the Whig convention 
and in the Legislature, which ajjpointed a 
committee of investigation. Phelps won 
at both })oints, and then in tlu; following 
wintfT publishf'd an "AppcnV to the ))(o- 
ple of \'^ermont in his vindication, review- 
ing the charges, profiucing letters from a 
large number of his colleagues and as- 
sfK-iates to sIjow th(; bas(;lessness of the 
cJiarges. Slade followed with a "rej)lv," 
then Phelps with a "rejoinder" and .Slade 
with another arldress "To the ]'eoj)le of 

Vermont," in which they handled each 
other severely and with a personal bitter- 
ness that would be irreparably damaging 
to the author in these days. Soon after 
retiring from the governorship, he became 
secretary of the national board of popular 
education, having for its object the fur- 
nishing of the West with teachers from 
the East, and held this position at the 
time of his death. He was the compiler 
of "Slade's State Papers." 

EATON, Horace. Governor 1846-8. 
Born Barnard, June 22, 1804; son of Dr. 
Eliphaz and Polly (Barnes) Eaton; died 
July 4, 1855. Removed with his parents 
to Enosburg when two j^ears of age ; at- 
tended the district schools until 15; pre- 
pared for college at St. Albans Academy; 
and graduated from Middlebury College 
1825, having taught school every winter 
to help pay his expenses. Taught at Mid- 
dlebury Academy for two years after 
graduation; then returned to Enosburg 
and studied medicine with his father, and 
also attended medical lectures at Castle- 
ton, where he received his diploma; con- 
tinued at Enosburg in the practice of his 
profession in company with his father 
until the latter's retirement, then alone, 
and still later in company with his brother, 
Dr. Rollin Eaton; was town clerk for a 
number of years, representative in the Leg- 
islature six different times, and once in 
the constitutional council; in 1837 he was 
elected state senator, and again in 1839, 
being re-elected three times ; was nomi- 
nated by the Whigs for lieutenant-gover- 
nor in 1843, on the ticket with Governor 
Mattocks, and elected, and was re-elected 
on the ticket with Governor Slade for his 
two terms; in 1846 was the party nominee 
for governor, and was elected by a plural- 
ity of 5,763, the largest the Whigs had 
up to this time obtained, except in ])resi- 
dential years, and he was re-elected the 
next year; on his retirement from the gov- 
ernor's chair he was called to Middlebury 
College to take the post of professor of 
natural history and chemistry, which he 
held for about six years until his death. 
Ciovernor Eaton was twice married, first, 
Aug. 14, 1821, to Cordelia L. Fuller, who 
died Feb. 7, 1841; and December, 1841, 
to Miss Edna Palmer, There were two 
children, but only one, Mrs. R. D. Ross 
of Missouri, lived to reach maturity. 




COOLIDGE, Carlos. Governor 1 BAS- 
SO. Born Windsor, June 25, 1792; son 
of Nathan and Elizabeth (Curtis) Coo- 
lidge; died Windsor, Aug. 14, 1866. After 
graduation he commenced the study of 
law with Peter Starr of Middlebury, with 
whom he remained about two years, and 
then returning to W'indsor completed his 
legal studies with Hon. Jonathan H. Hub- 
bard ; was admitted to the Windsor County 
Bar at the September term, 181 i, and 
established himself in practice in his na- 
tive town; in 1831 was elected states at- 
torney for the county of W^indsor, and 
was successively re-elected for five terms ; 
was a member of the first board of bank 
commissioners, appointed under a statute 
enacted in 1831; in 1834 was elected to 
represent W^indsor in the Legislature, and 
re-elected during the two succeeding years, 
being sjjeaker in 1836, and was also rep- 
resentative and speaker of the House in 
1839. 1840, and 1841; in 1845 was presi- 
dential elector and assisted in giving the 
vote of Vermont to Henry Clay ; was the 
candidate of the W^hig party for governor 
in 1848, and, no election being made by 
the people, was chosen by the Legislature ; 
in the same way was re-elected in 1849; 
was a senator from Windsor County for 
three years, 1853-5, and was frequently 
called upon to act as president pro tem- 
pore of the Senate and Joint Assembly. 
He married Harriet Bingham of Clare- 
mont, N. H., by whom he had one son, 
who died in early childhood, and one 
daughter, Mary, who married Rev. Frank- 
lin Butler. He received the honorary de- 
gree of A. M. from the University of Ver- 
mont in 1835, and that of LL. D. from 
his alma mater in 1849. 

WILLIAMS, Charles Kilborn. Gov- 
ernor 1850-2. Born Cambridge, Mass., 
Jan. 24, 1782; son of the Rev. Samuel 
Williams, LL. D., and Jane Kilborn Wil- 
liams ; died very suddenly at Rutland, 
March 9, 1853. He came to Vermont with 
his father in 1790; graduated at Williams 
College in 1800, and locating at Rutland, 
continued to reside there until his death ; 
studied law with Cephas Smith of Rut- 
land, then clerk of the U. S. courts for 
the district of Vermont; was admitted to 
the Bar in March, 1803; was appointed a 
tutor in Williams College in 1802, and 
about the same time received a similar 
appointment from Middlebury College. 

both of which he declined; served one cam- 
paign on the north frontier in the war of 
1812; represented Rutland in the Legis- 
lature 1809, 1811, 1814, 1815, 1820, 1821» 
and 1849; was states attorney of Rutland 
County in 1815; was elected judge of the 
supreme court of Vermont in 1822, 1823, 
and 1824, declining the last election; was 
appointed collector of customs for Ver- 
mont in 1825 and held the position until 
October, 1829, when he resigned, being 
again elected one of the judges of the Ver- 
mont supreme court; to this office he re- 
ceived seventeen successive annual elec- 
tions; retired from the bench in 1849, de- 
clining a re-election; in 1850, and again in 
1851, he was elected governor by a major- 
ity of the popular vote. In 1827 he was 
appointed one of the state commissioners 
for common schools, a board to select and 
recommend suitable textbooks and to have 
general supervision over educational af- 
fairs of the state; was a member of the 
corporation of Middlebury College from 
1827 to 1843, and, at the time of his 
death, was president of the society of the 
alumni of Williams College. He received 
the degree of M. A. from Middlebury and 
Williams Colleges in 1803, and that of 
LL. D. from the former in 1834. 

FAIRBANKS, Erastus. Governor 
1852-3 and 1860-1. Born Brimfield, 
Mass., Oct. 28, 1792; son of Joseph Fair- 
banks, a farmer, carpenter, and mill own- 
er; died Nov. 20, 1864. Was educated 
in the common schools ; taught school for 
two terms; came to Vermont about 1812, 
and began the study of law in the office 
of his uncle. Judge Ephraim Paddock of 
St. Johnsbury, but gave up the study ow- 
ing to some trouble with his ej^es. Kept 
a general store for 1 1 years, first at 
Wheelock, then at East St. Johnsbury, 
and afterward at Barnet ; returned to St. 
Johnsbury and entered into business with 
his next younger brother, Thaddeus Fair- 
banks, as manufacturers of stoves, plows, 
etc. ; in 1 829 the brothers added to their 
business the purchase and preparation of 
hemp for market; the rude and inaccurate 
mode of weighing their purchases led to 
the invention of the platform scale by 
them; the demand for the new scale com- 
pelled the brothers to relinquish other 
business interests ; Thaddeus gave the 
strength of his inventive genius to the im- 
provement and manufacture of the scale. 




while Erastus with his genius for business, 
gave the concern a wide and solid finan- 
cial success,, though they had their full 
share of struggles and misfortunes; a fire 
and a freshet in 1S'2S compelled them to 
ask for a two years' extension from their 
creditors, which was cordially granted. In 
1836 Erastus Fairbanks was elected to 
represent the town in the state Legisla- 
ture, and was re-elected for the two suc- 
ceeding years; in 1844, and again in 1848, 
he was chosen a presidential elector for 
the state; in 1848 he was appointed with 
Charles K. Williams and Lucius B. Peck 
to prepare a general railroad law, and 
also one relating to manufacturing corpo- 
rations, and their report still remains em- 
bodied in the statutes of the state. In 
1850 he was active in the construction of 
the Passumpsic R. R., and was for years 
president of the company. He was also 
a leading and efficient member of the com- 
pany that constructed the Sault Ste. Marie 
canal. In 1852 he was elected governor 
by the Legislature, having fallen a few 
himdred short of a majority in the popu- 
lar vote, because of the candidacy of 
Brainerd and the Liberal party. In the 
closing days of the Legislature of that year 
the law for the prohibition of the sale of 
intoxicating liquors was passed, which, 
with some amendment, was the law of the 
-.tate for half a century, until repealed by 
the Legislature of 1902; Governor Fair- 
banks signed it, and in consequence was 
defeated for re-election the next year. The 
figures and particulars of that interesting 
contest are given in the sketch of Gover- 
nor Robinson, his successful competitor. 
The Whigs desired to fight out the issue 
in 1851- with Governor Fairbanks again as 
a candidate, but he declined a nomination 
because of his business engagements. In 
1 860. however, the Republican convention 
unanimou.sly made him its candidate, and 
he was easily elected over John G. Saxe, 
the poet, Democratic candidate. His ad- 
ministration in 1861 secured for him a 
re|>utation as a "man with a brain and 
conscience." He called an extra session 
of the Legislature eight days after the 
assault on Sumter, and it placed $1,000,- 
(lOO at his disposal without check on his 
discretion, for the arming and forwarding 
of trfKjps, but at liis earnest request a 
committee was appointed at the October 
session to audit his accounts. The first 
six regiment.s of the .state, of the famous 

"Vermont Brigade," and the first company 
of sharp-shooters were organized and mus- 
tered into the service under his adminis- 
tration. He declined even to draw his 
salary and it still remains in the treas- 
ury. Prominent among his home chari- 
ties may be mentioned the founding of 
the St. Johnsbury Academy, with his 
brothers; and his endowments assist in 
maintaining the Athenaeum, the Museum of 
Natural Science, and the North Church. 
P'rom 1849 until his death he was presi- 
dent of the Vermont Domestic Missionary 
Society, and for many years was a cor- 
porate member of the American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions. He 
was married May 30, 1815, to Lois Cross- 
man of Peacham. His married life con- 
tinued to within a few months of half a 

ROBINSON, John S. Governor 1853- 
4. Born Bennington, Nov. 10, 1804; son 
of Nathan Robinson, and grandson of 
Gov. Moses Robinson; died Charleston, S. 
C, April 24, I860, of apoplexy, while at- 
tending the Democratic national conven- 
tion as chairman of the Vermont delega- 
tion. Graduated from Williams College 
1824; admitted to the Vermont Bar 1827. 
A man of brilliant parts, he rapidly rose 
to the front rank of his profession and 
was well qualified for a distinguished po- 
litical career, but the movement of the 
times had left his party in a hopeless 
minority in the state; twice represented 
Bennington in the lower House of the 
Legislature; was twice a state senator for 
Bennington County; was repeatedly the 
Democratic candidate for Congress in his 
district. There was a serious split in the 
organization growing out of the Free Soil 
movement of 1848, and continuing for sev- 
eral years until the Free Soilers merged 
into the Liberty, later the Republican, 
party. In 1851 he was the candidate of 
the minority element, or Free Soilers, for 
governor, receiving 6,686 votes to 14,950 
for Timothy P. Redfield, the regular Dem- 
ocratic candidate, and 22,676 for Charles 
K. ^^'illiams, Whig. The next year the 
Democrats made him their regular candi- 
date ; and with a temporary increase of 
strength for the iJberty party, which cast 
9,446 votes for Lawrence Brainerd, there 
was a failure to elect by the people, Rob- 
inson having 14,938 votes and Erastus 
Fairbanks, Whig, 23,795, and the choice 




was by the Legislature, which elected 
Fairbanks governor. The next year, 1853, 
the enactment of prohibition had given the 
Democrats renewed hope, and they made 
Robinson their candidate for governor 
again ; and the result of the election was 
20,849 for Fairbanks, 18,142 for Robin- 
son, and 8,291 for Brainerd, again throw- 
ing the choice to the Legislature, where 
Robinson was elected. But it was only a 
year's triumph. It was the period of 
political breakup over the slavery issue, 
and of the foundation of the new Repub- 
lican party. In July of the next summer, 
Brainerd presided over the first Repub- 
lican state convention, and that fall was 
sent to the United States Senate. The 
polls in September showed the dropping 
out of the Liberty party, and except some 
1,600 scattering votes among various can- 
didates, the issue was between the two 
leading parties, and Stephen Royce was 
elected governor by a vote of 27,926, 
against 15,084 for Robinson. He was 
the only Democratic governor Vermont 
has had since the two terms of Gov. Ezra 
Butler, a period of 84 years. In 1847 he 
married Juliette Staniford, widow of Wil- 
liam Robinson, but left no children. 

ROYCE, Stephen. Governor 1854-6. 
Born Tinmouth, Aug. 12, 1787; son of 
Stephen Royce, a soldier in the Revolu- 
tion, and Minerva (Marvin) Royce; died 
Nov. 11, 1868. Removed with his parents 
in 1791 to the present town of Franklin, 
and two years later to Berkshire. Gradu- 
ated from Middlebury College 1807. 
Taught a district school one term; studied 
law with his uncle, Ebenezer Marvin, Jr., 
with whom he was afterward in partner- 
ship for a few years ; practiced in Berk- 
shire two years ; in Sheldon six years, rep- 
resenting that town in the Legislature 
1815 and I8I6; states attorney for Frank- 
lin County I8I6-8; removed to St. Albans 
1817; represented St. Albans in the Leg- 
islature 1822, 1823, and 1824; delegate to 
the state constitutional convention 1 823 ; 
elected a judge of the state supreme court 
1825 and 1826; declined re-election, and 
resumed his law practice; in 1829 was 
again elected to the supreme court, serv- 
ing continuously until 1852, when he de- 
clined further re-election; was chief jus- 
tice of the court 1847-52; in 1854 was the 
Whig candidate for governor, and was 
elected by a large majority; re-elected 

1855; retired to private life in 1856; was 
the last Whig governor of Vermont. 

FLETCHER, Ryland. Governor 1856- 
8. Born Cavendish, Feb. 18, 1799; son 
of Dr. Asaph and Sally (Green) Fletcher; 
died Proctorsville, Dec. 19, 1885. Had 
only a common school education; worked 
on his father's farm through his young 
manhood, teaching district school in the 
winters; joined the militia company at 
Cavendish when 18, becoming successively 
lieutenant, captain, major, lieutenant-col- 
onel, colonel, and finally in 1835 brigadier- 
general; resigned in 1836 and went West, 
returning to Vermont a few months later; 
became a leader in the anti-slavery move- 
ment; in 1854, at the time of the practical 
fusion of the Whigs and the Liberty men, 
he was nominated and elected lieutenant- 
governor on the ticket with Governor 
Royce, and re-elected in 1855; in 1856 
was elected tlie first Republican governor 
of the state by a majority of more than 
23,000 over Henry Keyes, the Democratic 
candidate, and re-elected in 1857 by a 
slightly larger majority. During his ad- 
ministration, in 1857, the state capital at 
Montpelier, the second one to be erected 
on that site, was partially destroyed by 
fire, and plans were made for the con- 
struction of the present building. He rep- 
resented Cavendish in the Legislature I86I 
and 1862; was a member of the constitu- 
tional convention of 1870, .and strongly 
favored the policy of biennial elections; 
was several times a presidential elector 
and a delegate to Republican national con- 
ventions. In 1829 he married Mary May 
of Westminster; his son. Col. Henry A. 
Fletcher, was lieutenant-governor of the 
state 1890-2. 

HALL, HiLAND. Governor 1858-60. 
Born Bennington, July 20, 1 795 ; son of 
Deacon Nathaniel and Abigail (Hubbard) 
Hall; died Springfield, Mass., Dec. 18, 
1885. Received a common school educa- 
tion, with one term at the Granville, N. Y., 
Academy. Taught district school for sev- 
eral terms ; studied law, and was admitted 
to the Bar 1819; represented Bennington 
in the Legislature 1827; was clerk of the 
supreme and county court for Bennington 
County 1828; states attorney 1828-31; be- 
came a National Republican, a Whig, and 
finally a Republican; on the death of Con- 
gressman Jonathan Hunt was elected rep- 




resentative to Congress, representing the 
south district of the state in Washington 
ten years, 18S3-i3, and declining further 
renomination ; bank commissioner for Ver- 
mont lS43-(); judge of the Vermont su- 
preme court 1846-30; second controller of 
the U. S. treasury I80O-I ; on resigning, 
recommending as his successor Edward J. 
Phelps of Burlington; in 1851 was ap- 
pointed by President Fillmore chairman of 
a land commission for California ; return- 
ed to Vermont in the spring of 1854 and 
resumed the practice of law at Benning- 
ton; was a delegate to the first Repub- 
lican national convention at Philadelphia 
in 185(3; elected governor of the state in 
1858 by a majority of more than 16,000 
over Henry Keyes, the Democratic candi- 
date, and re-elected in 1859 by a larger 
majority over John G. Saxe, the poet; was 
chairman of the Vermont delegation to the 
fruitless Peace Conference in February, 
I861. He was a lifelong student of Ver- 
mont history; president for six years of 
the Vermont Historical Society ; author of 
many historical articles and addresses, and 
of the "Early History of Vermont," a 
work of over 500 pages published in 1868; 
was actively interested in the construction 
of the Bennington battle monument. He 
received the honorary degree of LL. D. 
from the University of Vermont in 1857. 
In 1818 he married Dolly Tuttle Davis 
of Rockingham; and at a family reunion 
a few months before his death there were 
present 51 of his descendants. 

HOLBROOK, Frederick. Governor 
1861-3. Born East Windsor, Conn., Feb. 
15, 1813; son of John and Sarah (Knowl- 
ton) Holbrook; died Brattleboro, April 
27, 1909. Attended for two years the 
Berksliirf- Gymnasium, Pittsfield, Mass.; 
visited Europe in 1833. On his return 
he settled in Brattleboro and devoted him- 
.self to agriculture; contributed many arti- 
cles to the agricultural jjress. Elected 
register of probate for tlie district of Marl- 
l)oro 181'7; rcjjrcsfrited ^^'indharIl County 
in the state Senat<- 181.9-50; acting as 
chairman of a special committee on agri- 
culture, he prepared and proposed a me- 
morial to Congress urging the establish- 
ment of a national bureau of agriculture; 
chosen in 1 850 president of the V(;rmont 
State v\gricultiiral Association, of which 
he was one of the foiirujers, and delivered 
the first address before that body; elected 

to that position in eight consecutive an- 
nual elections; in I86I, the first year of 
the Civil War, nominated Republican can- 
didate for governor of the state and elect- 
ed by a handsome majority; re-elected 
1862; as "war governor" for two years, 
during the darkest period of the Rebel- 
lion, responsibilities of the gravest char- 
acter devolved upon him ; under his guid- 
ance, Vermont was the first state in the 
Union to provide hospitals for its soldiers ; 
after retiring from the governorship he 
declined all further offers of public office. 
At the time of his death he was in the 
ninety-seventh year of his age. In 1835 
married Harriet Goodhue of Brattleboro; 
they had three children, Franklin F., Wil- 
liam C, and John. 

SMITH, John Gregory. Governor 
1863-5. Born St. Albans, July 22, 1818; 
died St. Albans, Nov. 6, 1891; son of 
John Smith, a leading lawyer and public 
man of his generation, who represented 
St. Albans nine successive years in the 
Legislature; served one term in Congress, 
and became one of the pioneer railroad 
builders in Vermont. Graduated from the 
University of Vermont 1841, and later 
from the Yale law school. Became associ- 
ated with his father in law and railroad 
business; after his father's death in 1858 
succeeded him as director under the lease 
of the Vermont & Canada R. R. Repre- 
sented St. Albans in the Legislature for 
three years, 1861-3, during the last two 
of which he was speaker of the House; 
nominated by the Republican party and 
elected governor of Vermont in 1863 and 
1864; was the third and last of our "war 
governors," and under his administration 
several regiments were sent to the front; 
was chairman of the Vermont delegation 
to the Republican national conventions of 
1872, 1880, and 1884. He was president 
of the Welden National Bank, the Peo- 
))le's Trust Co., and the Franklin County 
Creamery Association, and was a life-long 
member of the Congregational Church. 
But it was in railroad affairs tliat he was 
most conspicuous. The Vermont Central 
R. R. had been built, 1 847-9, from Wood- 
stock to Burlington. The Vermont & Can- 
ada R. R. followed, 1848-51, running 
from Burlington to Rouses Point, but was 
leased, J 849, to the Vermont Central. 
Mortgages were j)]aced on the property by 
the latter, and in 1854 deeds of surrender 




were given to the trustees for the bond- 
holders under the mortgages ; and later 
the Vermont & Canada began the first of 
its several unsuccessful suits for the re- 
covery of its property. The roads ran 
down so^ that in 1865 trust bonds began 
to be issued to provide for repairs, and 
from tliis Governor Smith, the president, 
advanced to a large policy of "develop- 
ment," forming by leases and purchases 
a great "through system of roads, all 
under the authority" of the court of chan- 
cery, and as an extension of the policy 
of repairs. The emissions of "trust" 
bonds continued until 1872, when $i,356,- 
6"00 were out. When the financial panic 
struck the country, these structures tum- 
bled, the rent payment to the Vermont & 
Canada was defaulted, notes went to pro- 
test, a legislative investigation was held, 
and a long and complicated litigation en- 
sued. Governor Smith and his manage- 
ment, generally speaking, came out of the 
courts successful, but before the end was 
reached a compromise was effected by 
which new securities were issued to the 
different interests and the "Consolidated 
Railway of Vermont" formed, the present 
Central Vermont Railway, still under 
Smith's management. He was one of the 
originators of the Northern Pacific rail- 
road enterprise and was the president of 
the corporation from 1866 to 1872, when 
he retired amid the troubles that were 
thickening about both companies. Under 
his lead 555 miles of the road were built. 
He married in 1842 Ann Eliza, daughter 
of the Hon. Lawrence Brainerd. 

DILLINGHAM, Paul. Governor 1865- 
7. Born Shutesbury, Mass., Aug. 10, 
1799; son of Paul and Hannah (Smith) 
Dillingham; died Waterbury, July 26, 
1891. Came to Vermont with his family 
when six years old; was educated in the 
Washington County grammar school; 
studied law at Middlebury in the office of 
Dan Carpenter; was admitted to the Bar 
in March, 1823; and formed a partnership 
with his preceptor, which lasted until the 
latter's elevation to the bench. For fifty- 
two years, until his retirement in 1875. he 
was in the constant practice of his profes- 
sion, except for the interruptions by his 
public service, and as a jury advocate he 
was at the head of a Bar that for a full 
generation was among the ablest the state 
ever contained, and ranked perha^is as the 

first in the state. He was town clerk of 
Waterbury from 1829 to 18ii; represen- 
tative to the Legislature in 1833, 1834, 
1837, 1838, and 1839; states attorney for 
Washington County in 1835, 1836, and 
1837; a member of the constitutional con- 
ventions of 1836, 1857, and 1870; state 
senator Washington Count}' in 1841, 1842, 
and 1861; and in 1843 was elected mem- 
ber of Congress, wliere he served two 
terms, and was on the committee on the 
judiciary. He was one of the leaders of 
the state Democracy, in what may be 
called its golden era intellectually, though 
it was a hopeless minority ; and when a 
state convention met with Saxe, Eastman, 
Dillingham, Smalley, Kellogg, Stoughton, 
Thomas, Field, Chittenden, Poland, Red- 
field, Davenport and others, to flash their 
wit and eloquence across it, and with 
Hawthorne frequently coming up from 
Massachusetts to partake of the commun- 
ion, there was apt to be a "feast of rea- 
son and flow of soul," such as no other 
political organization in the state before 
or since has witnessed. While in Congress 
Mr. Dillingham was the only Democrat 
on the delegation. He strongly favored 
the admission of Texas, and the policy 
that led to the Mexican war. But the fir- 
ing on Sumter shattered in a moment the 
political affiliations of a life-time. He 
wanted party lines obliterated entirely and 
the whole North to stand solid in support 
of the national administration ; received a 
warm welcome into the Republican ranks; 
was a leader in the state Senate in the 
war measures of 186l, and the next year 
his services were recognized with the nomi- 
nation for lieutenant-governor, and after 
three years' service in this position with 
that for governor in the years 1865 and 
1866. The candidate against him both 
years was his old political friend, Charles 
N. Davenport. Governor Dillingham's 
majority in 1865 was 16,714 and in 1866 
22,822. The great monument of his admin- 
istration is the establishment of the re- 
form school, which he recommended in his 
first message. In 1872 he was the first 
lay delegate ever elected by the Vermont 
Conference of the M. E. Church to the 
General Conference. His first wife was 
Sarah P. Carjienter. daughter of his law 
partner, Dan Carpenter; she died in 1831 ; 
and in 1832 he married her younger sister, 




PAGE. JoHX B. Governor 1867-69. 
Born Rutland, Feb. 55, lS-26; son of Wil- 
liam and Cynthia (Hickok) Page; died 
Oct. '24, 1885. Educated in the public 
schools, and at Burr and Burton Acad- 
eniA-. Manchester. Entered the old bank 
at Rutland at the age of l6; was many 
vears president of the National Bank of 
Rutland, the reorganized form of the old 
state bank; became interested in the Rut- 
land & Burlington R. R., by being ap- 
pointed one of the trustees of the second 
mortgage bond-holders, and upon the re- 
organization of the property as the Rut- 
land Railroad Co., was made president; 
was for a time trustee of the Bennington 
& Rutland R. R. ; later was associated with 
Gov. J. Gregory Smith as vice-president 
of the Central Vermont; was a director of 
the Champlain Transportation Co., and 
various other railroad enterprises, and also 
in the Caughnawauga Ship Canal project 
for connecting Lake Champlain and the 
St. Lawrence, etc. ; was instrumental in 
the transfer of the shops of the Howe 
Scale Co. from Brandon to Rutland, and 
was treasurer of the company. He was 
in ISotJ elected a representative to the 
General Assembly of Vermont, and re- 
elected for the sessions of 1853 and 1854; 
in I860 elected state treasurer, and re- 
ceived successive re-elections annually till 
1 866, and was during this time allotment 
commissioner by appointment of President 
Lincoln; originated the plan for the pay- 
ment of the extra state pay voted by Ver- 
mont to her soldiers, $7 per month, and 
disbursed during his term as treasurer a 
total of $4,635,150.80 for military ex- 
penses ; in 1 867 elected governor, and re- 
flected in 1868, serving with judgment 
and ability through the critical period 
aftf-r the war; was again elected represen- 
tative from Rutland in 1880. He was a 
member of the Congregational Church, for 
many years a deacon and superintendent 
of tlie .Sunday school, a corj)orate member 
of thf Ainf-rican Board of Commissioners 
for Torfign Missions, and was instrumen- 
tal in having the meeting of that society, 
the only one ever convened in the state, 
held at Rutland in 1874. 

WASHBURN, Pkter T. Governor 
I86f^ until his death. Feb. 7, 1870. Born 
Lynn. .NLass., Sept. 7. 1814; son of Reu- 
Vn-n and Hannali B. n'hacher) \\'ashbMrn. 
In 1817 his father moved to Vermont, first 

settling at Chester, then at Cavendish, and 
finally at Ludlow. Peter graduated at 
Dartmouth in 1835; studied law first 
under the direction of his father, then for 
a time in the office of Senator Upham at 
Montpelier; was admitted to the Bar in 
1838; and began practice at Ludlow, mov- 
ing in 1844 to Woodstock, where he form- 
ed a partnership with Charles P. Marsh 
which continued until the death of the lat- 
ter in 1870. Was in 1844 elected reporter 
of the decisions of the supreme court of 
Vermont, holding the position for eight 
years; represented Woodstock in the Leg- 
islatures of 1853 and 1854; chairman of 
the Vermont delegation to the Republican 
national convention that in I860 nomi- 
nated Lincoln and Hamlin ; was in com- 
mand of the Woodstock Light Infantry, 
a company of citizen soldiers who at once 
proffered their services to their country, 
and on the 1st of May marched to Rut- 
land, where it was incorporated with the 
First Vermont Regiment; was commission- 
ed lieutenant-colonel, but acted as colonel 
during its entire period of service; in Oc- 
tober, 1861, was elected adjutant and in- 
spector-general of Vermont, and until the 
war closed devoted himself to its arduous 
duties, bringing order and system out of 
chaos and making it the model adjutant's 
office of the country; was in 1869 elected 
governor by a majority of 22,822 over 
Homer W. Heaton, the Democratic candi- 
date, and died in office Feb. 7, 1870. He 
had simply worn himself into the grave 
by overwork in the excess of his faithful- 
ness to duty. No trace of disease, organic 
or functional, could be found by the physi- 
cians after his death. His first wife was 
Almira E. Ferris of Swanton; his second, 
Almira P. Hopkins of Glens Falls, N. Y. 

HENDEE, George Whitman. Gov- 
ernor from Feb. 7, 1870, till the close of 
the term. Born Stowe, Nov. 30, 1832; 
son of Jehial P. and Rebecca (Ferrin) 
Hendee; died Morrisville, Dec. 6, 1906. 
Educated in the public schools, and at 
i'eople's Academy, Morrisville; studied 
law in the office of W. G. Ferrin of John- 
son; admitted to the Lamoille County Bar 
1855. In 1855 married Millissa Red- 
ding, who died 1861; in 1863 married 
Viola S. Bundy. Engaged in the prac- 
tice of law at Morrisville; was for many 
years a director of the Portland & Ogdens- 
bnrg R. R. ; at one time president of the 




Montreal, Portland & Boston R. R. of 
Canada; was a director and vice-president 
of the Union Savings Bank and Trust Co. 
of Morrisville; was receiver of the Na- 
tional Bank of Poultney, and of the Ver- 
mont National Bank of St. Albans; and 
was national bank examiner from 1879 to 
1885. Governor Hendee was always a 
Republican. When he was twenty-one 
years old, was elected superintendent of 
schools, a position he repeatedly filled; 
there was hardly a year in which he 
was not called by the public to discharge 
some official trust; many times acted by 
order of court as auditor, trustee, and 
special master; was a member of the Ver- 
mont House of Representatives for Mor- 
ristown two sessions, 1861-62; states at- 
torney for Lamoille County in 1858-59; 
deputy provost marshal during the war; 
senator for Lamoille Councy 1866, 1867, 
and 1868, and lieutenant-governor in 1869- 
Sworn in as governor by Judge Steele on 
the death of Gov. P. T. Washburn, he 
served the remainder of the term; he was 
a member of the Forty-third, Forty-fourth, 
and Forty-fifth Congresses, and there 
served on the committee on private land 
claims, and on the District of Columbia; 
was largely instrumental in drafting and 
securing the passage of the law which 
made an entire change of the form of gov- 
ernment of the District. 

STEWART, John Wolcott, Middle- 
bury. Governor 1870-2. Born Middle- 
bury, Nov. 24, 1825; son of Ira and Eliza- 
beth (Hubbell) Stewart. Educated at 
Middlebury Academy, and Middlebury 
College, graduating in the class of 1864. 
In I860 married Emma, daughter of Phil- 
ip Battell, and granddaughter of Hon. 
Horatio Seymour. They had five chil- 
dren, of whom three survive, Elga, Phillip 
B. of Colorado (nominated for governor, 
but declined the office), and Jessica (Mrs. 
J. W. Sylvester). Read law in office of 
Hon. Horatio Seymour in Middlebury un- 
til January, 1850, when he was admitted 
to Vermont Bar; began practice at Mid- 
dlebury and conducted it alone until 1854, 
when he formed a partnership with ex- 
U. S. Senator Phelps, continuing until 
the death of the latter in 1855; director 
Middlebury Bank 1858, and for several 
years prior to 1881 was its president. A 
Republican; states attorney for Addison 
County 1852-3-4; represented Middlebury 

in the Legislature 1856, '57, '64, '65, '66, 
'67, serving as speaker the last three 
terms, and as chairman of committee on 
railroads in 1856; senator from Addison 
County 1861 and 1862, serving as chair- 
man of judiciary committee; governor of 
Vermont 1870-2, the first to be elected 
for a two-year term; returned as member 
of the house in 1876; representative to 
Congress from the 1st congressional dis- 
trict 1882, '84, '86 and '88, and on the 
death of U. S. Senator Redfield Proctor 
was appointed by Governor P'letcher D. 
Proctor to fill out the unexpired term. He 
received this appointment while at Colo- 
rado Springs, and left immediately for 
Washington. In the fall of 1876, Gover- 
nor Stewart was in New York until the 
day before the Legislature convened, ar- 
riving in Montpelier after the flag had 
been raised on the state house; the roll of 
the house was being called ; Governor 
Stewart found his way to a vacant seat 
which had been reserved by a friend; in 
ten minutes after his arrival he had been 
chosen speaker of the house on the first 
ballot, his Republican opponent having 
only a few votes. As state senator. Gov- 
ernor Stewart and Senator George F. Ed- 
munds were elected a committee to revise 
the statutes. In religious preference a 

CONVERSE, Julius. Governor 1872- 
4. Born Stafford, Conn., Dec. 17, 1798; 
son of Joseph and Mary (Johnson) Con- 
verse; died Dixville Notch, N. H., Aug. 
16, 1885. Came to Vermont 1801; edu- 
cated in common schools and Randolph 
Academy ; studied law in the office of Wil- 
liam Nutting at Randolph ; admitted to the 
Orange County Bar 1826. In 1827 mar- 
ried Melissa Arnold, who died 1872; in 
1873 married Jane E. Martin. Settled 
first at Bethel, whence he removed in 
1840 to Woodstock; at Bethel he was for 
several years in partnership with A. P. 
Hunton, afterward speaker of the lower 
House of the Legislature in 1860-62; at 
Woodstock he formed a partnership with 
Andrew Tracy, and later with James Bar- 
rett, the firms being Tracy & Converse, 
Tracy, Converse & Barrett, and after Mr. 
Tracy's election to Congress, Tracy & Bar- 
rett; after ]\Ir. Barrett's elevation to the 
supreme court, Mr. Converse formed a 
partnership witli W. C. French which con- 
tinued until 1865; after that practiced 




alone; he several times represented Bethel 
in the Legislature; was a member from 
Windsor Comity of the first Senate in 
IS36. and three times re-elected to that 
body; also represented Woodstock several 
times ; was states attorney for Windsor 
County from 1844 to 1847; in 1850 and he was elected lieutenant-governor 
on the ticket with Gov. Charles K. Wil- 
liams : for tlie next twenty years he was 
out of public life until in 1872, when near- 
h- 74 years old, he was suddenly and un- 
exi^ectedly nominated for governor, being 
taken up to defeat Frederick Billings, a 
purpose that was accomplished by a nar- 
row majority of one after a hard fight in 
the Republican state convention. ]\Ir. Con- 
verse was traveling outside of the state 
at the time, and the first he knew of his 
candidacy was when he read about the 
nomination in the morning papers. He 
was elected by a majority of 25,319 over 
A. B. Gardner, ex-lieutenant-governor, 
who had joined the Liberal Republican 
movement of that year, and whom the 
Greeleyites and Democrats had nominated 
in high hopes of cutting the Republican 
majority down to 10,000. His adminis- 
tration was without notable incident. 

PECK, AsAHEL. Governor 1874-6. 
Born Royalston, ^Nlass., September, 1 803 ; 
son of Squire and Elizabeth (Goddard) 
Peck; died May 18, 1879- Came to Ver- 
mont with his father when three years 
old ; educated in the common schools and 
Washington County Grammar School; en- 
tered the sophomore class of University of 
Vermont 1824; left college in his senior 
year to study French at a French college 
in Canada. He studied law in the office 
of his oldest brother, Nathan Peck, at 
Hinesburgh, and afterward for a year or 
two in the office of Bailey & Marsh at 
Burlington; was admitted to the Bar in 
>L'irch. 1832; practiced alone for a while 
and afterward in partnership with Archi- 
bald Hyde, and later with I). A. Smalley ; 
was judge of the circuit court from 1851 
till it ceased in 1857; in 1 8f)() was clccttd 
judge of the supreme court under the 
present system, and held the position con- 
tinuously, though desiring toward the end 
to retire, until his election as governor in 
1874. He was nominated then in response 
to a strong demand from the peoph- and 
against tlic ealculations of the old line of 
managing politicians; did not, however. 

make such radical recommendations on the 
questions of the day as some of his sup- 
porters had expected. On his retirement 
from the gubernatorial chair Judge Peck 
retired to his farm in Jericho, where he 
died. He was never married. 

FAIRBANKS, Horace. Governor 1876- 
8. Born Barnet, March 21, 1820; son 
of Gov. Erastus and Lois (Grossman) 
Fairbanks; died New York, March 17, 
1888. Educated in the common schools 
and at the academies in Peacham and 
Lyndon, Meriden, N. H., and Andover, 
Mass. At the age of eighteen he took a 
clerkship in the firm of E. and T. Fair- 
banks and Co. ; became active partner in 
1843, and finally the financial manager of 
its extensive business, whose annual prod- 
uct he saw grow from $50,000 to $3,000,- 
000, and force of workmen from 40 to 
600 ; was from the beginning identified 
with the construction of the Portland & 
Ogdensburg R. R., the piloter of the char- 
ter through the New Hampshire Legisla- 
ture, and the backer of the enterprise with 
the utmost of his means and credit. Built 
and presented to St. Johnsbury the public 
library and art gallery known as the St. 
Johnsbury Athenaeum, dedicated in 1871. 
Delegate to the Republican national con- 
ventions 1864 and 1872; presidential elec- 
tor 1868; state senator from Caledonia 
County 1869; nominated for governor after 
a bitter pre-convention fight in the Repub- 
lican party over the candidacy of Deacon 
Jacob Estey of Brattleboro on the third 
ballot, though he had declined to be con- 
sidered a candidate and was out of his 
state at the time; was elected by a vote of 
44,723 to 20,988 for W. H. H. Bingham, 
the Democratic candidate. He was mar- 
ried in 1849 to Marv E. Tavlor of Derrv, 
N. H. 

PROCTOR, Redfield. Governor 1878- 
80. Born Proctorsville, June 1, 1831; son 
of Jabez and Betsy (Parker) Proctor; 
died Washington, D. C, March 4, 1908. 
Graduated from Dartmouth College 1851, 
degree of A. M. 1854, and from the Al- 
bany, N. Y., Law School. In 1858 mar- 
ried Emily J. Dutton of Cavendish. Ad- 
mitted to the New York Bar at Albany, 
and to the Vermont Bar at Woodstock ; 
during a i)ortion of the years I860 and 
186l ])raeticed liis profession in the office 
of liis cousin. Judge Isaac F. Redfield, 




at Boston^ Mass. Upon the outbreak of 
the Rebellion in 1861 he immediately re- 
turned to Vermont and enlisted in the 3rd 
Vermont Regiment ; commissioned lieuten- 
ant and quartermaster, and rejDaired to 
the front; in July of the same year was 
appointed on the staff of Gen. William F. 
("Baldy") Smith, and in October was pro- 
moted and transferred to the 5th Vermont 
Volunteers, of which he was commissioned 
major; with this regiment he served near- 
ly a year in the neighborhood of Wash- 
ington and on the Peninsula; in October, 
1862, was promoted to the colonelcy of 
the 15th Vermont Volunteers, and in the 
memorable and decisive engagement at 
Gettysburg was stationed on the famous 
Cemetery Ridge during a part of the sec- 
ond day's struggle. After the war formed 
law partnership in Rutland with Col. W. 
G. Veazey ; in 1 869 he became manager 
for the Sutherland Falls Marble Co. In 
1880 the Sutherland Falls and Rutland 
Marble companies were consolidated under 
the name of The Vermont Marble Co., 
with Governor Proctor as its president. 
Under his management this company en- 
larged and so increased its business as to 
become the largest concern of the kind in 
the world. A Republican; selectman in 
Rutland 1 866 ; represented Rutland in the 
Legislature 1 867, and was chairman of 
the committee on elections ; again a mem- 
ber of the House 1868, and member of the 
committee on ways and means ; state sena- 
tor from Rutland County 1874, and was 
chosen president pro tern. ; lieutenant-gov- 
ernor 1876-8; governor of the state 1878- 
80 ; delegate to the Republican national 
conventions 1884, 1888, and 1896; ap- 
pointed secretary of war in the cabinet of 
President Benjamin Harrison March 4, 
1889, and served until Dec. 7, 1891, hav- 
ing been appointed U. S. senator by Gov. 
Carroll S. Page to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of Senator George F. 
Edmunds ; elected U. S. senator to suc- 
ceed himself by the Legislature 1892, 
1898, and 1904, and served until his 
death; in February, 1898, visited Cuba at 
his own expense and on his own responsi- 
bility to investigate the conditions there 
under the insurrection against Spanish 
rule; March 17, made a speech in the Sen- 
ate which was accepted as a true and au- 
thoritative statement of the conditions on 
the island. Senator Hoar said in an ad- 
dress, "The resolutions of Congress de- 

manding the evacuation of Cuba by Spain, 
which brought on the war, were the result 
not of the destruction of the Maine, but 
of Senator Proctor's report that a half 
million people were being starved to death 
at our very doors." 

FARXHAM, RoswELL. Governor 1880- 
2. Born Boston, Mass., July 23, 1827; 
son of Roswell and Nancy (Bixby) Farn- 
liam; died Bradford, Jan. 5, 1903. Came 
to Vermont with his father 1840, settling 
at Bradford. Educated at the academy 
at Bradford; entered the junior class Uni- 
versity of Vermont; graduate 1849, de- 
gree of A. M. 1852. In 1849 married 
Mary Elizabeth Johnson of Bradford. 
Taught school at Dunham, Lower Canada; 
was principal of Franklin Academical In- 
stitution. Franklin; later taught at the 
Bradford Academy; admitted to the Or- 
ange County Bar 1857; formed partner- 
ship with Robert McK. Ormsby; began 
practicing independenth' 1859; elected 
states attorney 1859, and twice re-elected. 
Second lieutenant Bradford Guards in the 
1st Regiment Vermont Volunteers; caj?- 
tain and lieutenant-colonel 12th Regiment 
Vermont Volunteers, and for nearly half 
the term of his service in command of the 
regiment. After the war resumed prac- 
tice of law at Bradford ; Republican can- 
didate for representative in the Legisla- 
ture, but was defeated; state senator from 
Orange County 1868 and 1869; delegate 
to the Republican national convention and 
presidential elector 1876; elected governor 
of the state in 1880 by a majority of over 

BARSTOW, John Lester, Shelburne. 
Governor 1882-4. Born Shelburne. Feb. 
21, 1832; son of Heman and Loraine 
(Lyon) Barstow. Educated in the public 
schools ; began to teach in the district 
schools at the age of 1 5 ; received degree 
of LL. D. from Norwich University 1909- 
In 1858 married Laura Maeck, grand- 
daughter of Dr. Frederick Maeck, the first 
13hysician to settle in Shelburne; she died 
in 1885; they had two sons, Frederick M. 
(L'niversity of Vermont 1880), a civil en- 
gineer wlio died in government service 
during the Spanish war from typhoid 
fever, and Charles L.. a graduate of Union 
College, now living in New York. Went 
west at an early age; engaged in business 
in Detroit. Mich. ; returned to Shelburne 




1857 and assumed charge of his father's 
farm. In the fall of 1861. while assistant 
clerk of the House of Representatives at 
Montpelier, was appointed on the noncom- 
missioned staff of the 8th Vermont Volun- 
teers, later being promoted to the ranks of 
adjutant, captain, and major; participated 
in all the engagements in wliich his regi- 
ment took part; was complimented for 
eminent service in the field, for gallantry 
in the assault on Port Hudson, and honor- 
ably mentioned for his personal services ; 
served as acting adjutant-general under 
Generals Thomas and Weitzel; was dis- 
charged at the expiration of his term of 
service June 22, 1864. When promoted 
major, his old company gave him a beau- 
tiful sword; and when he left the service, 
the men who were mustered out with him 
presented him with another still more 
beautiful. The historian of his regiment 
says (Irwin's History of the 19th Army 
Corps, p. 505): "When, after the bloody 
fight of June 14, 1863, in front of Port 
Hudson, General Banks called for volun- 
teers to head a strong column for a final 
attack. Captain Barstow was one of the 
brave men who stepped forward to form 
the forlorn hope." He had entered the 
army with robust health and a vigorous 
constitution, but nearly three years in the 
swamjjs and miasmatic climate of Louisi- 
ana had shattered both, and for many 
years malarial diseases prevented active 
business pursuits. On his return to Ver- 
mont, he declined a responsible position 
in the recruiting service offered him by 
Adjutant-General Peter T. Washburn. In 
the fall of 1864, while serving his first 
term in the Vermont Legislature, the St. 
Albans raid occurred; in consequence of 
that raid, and at General Washburn's re- 
quest, Major Barstow was sent on a spe- 
cial mission to Canada; was subsequently 
appointed brigadier-general to command 
one of the three brigades into wliich the 
home militia companies of the state were 
dividfd; remained in command of the 
northwestern frontier of the state until 
relieved by General Stannard in June, 
1865. Since 1886 he lias b(;en a trustee 
of the Burlington Savings Bank, during 
wliieli time the deposits have risen from 
two to more than thirteen million dollars; 
was for some years a trustee of tlu- Uni- 
versity of Vermont and State Agricultural 
College. He is a Republican; has held 
various elective town offices ; represented 

Shelburne in the Legislature 1864 and 
1865; was senator from Chittenden County 
1866 and 1867; U. S. pension agent at 
Burlington b)'^ appointment of President 
Grant 1870-8, discharging his duties with 
such efficiency and fidelity as to call forth 
a letter of cordial apiDreciation from the 
Hon. Carl Schurz, secretary of the in- 
terior ; was commissioner from Vermont 
at the centennial celebration of Cornwal- 
lis's surrender at Yorktown by appoint- 
ment from Gov. Redfield Proctor 1881; 
lieutenant governor of the state 1880-2; 
governor 1882-4. He was the first gov- 
ernor of Vermont to call attention to the 
excessive and discriminating rates charged 
for freight by the transportation compa- 
nies of the state, and to urge the creation 
of an efficient railroad commission. It 
was on his recommendation that the Leg- 
islature of 1884 requested the Vermont 
delegation in Congress to use their best 
efforts to secure the passage of the inter- 
state commerce law. He urged the passage 
of a state law providing for equal taxa- 
tion as between railroad and other prop- 
erty such as has since become law in 
Michigan, New Hampshire, and other 
states. He also urged the abolition of 
the free pass system ; was among the early 
advocates of laws permitting central and 
high schools to be maintained by public 
taxation; and upon his recommendation 
the present plan was adopted of extending 
state aid to deserving young men to en- 
able them to obtain a college education. 
The Ely riots occurred while he was gov- 
ernor, and his course in requiring that 
justice should precede force, and that the 
rioting miners should be paid their hon- 
est dues, attracted much favorable com- 
ment throughout the country. He was one 
of the commissioners to purchase a site 
for the Bennington battle monument ; in 
1891 was appointed by President Harri- 
son to act as a commissioner with Gen. 
A. iSIcD. McCook, U. S. A., to treat with 
the Navajo Indians, the work being 
brought to a successful conclusion; was 
disbursing officer of the commission, and 
astonished treasury officials by returning 
to the treasury nearly one-half of the ap- 
))ropriation for ex])enses ; in 1893, at the 
request of Governor Fuller, he acted with 
tlie executive committee of the National 
Anti-Trust Society. Before the Legisla- 
ture of 1910 he strongly advocated the 
ratification of the constitutional amend- 




ment authorizing Congress to impose an 
income tax; and in ipn he has used his 
influence in opposition to reciprocity with 
Canada, on the ground that it would mean 
the free entry of Canadian farm products 
into this country to the injury of the Am- 
erican farmer, while high protective duties 
would still remain upon everything, ex- 
cept farm products, which the American 
farmer needed to buy. In religious belief 
Governor Barstow is an Episcopalian. 
He has been a Mason since 1853, when 
he was initiated into Union Lodge of 
Strict Observance, of Detroit, ^Nlich., of 
which he is now an honorary member; is 
past commander of the Loyal Legion; ex- 
president of the Officers' Reunion Society ; 
member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and of many state and national 
civic bodies. 

PIXGREE, Samuel E., Hartford. 
Governor 1884-6. Born Salisbury, X. H., 
Aug. 2, 1832; son of Stephen and Judith 
Pingree. Educated in the public schools ; 
Andover (X'. H.) and Mclndoes Falls 
academies, and Dartmouth College, A. B. 
1857; Xorwich University, LL. D. 1898. 
In 1869 married Lydia M. Steele of 
Stanstead, P. Q. ; they have one son, Wil- 
liam Steele Pingree. Studied law with 
Hon. A. P. Hunton of Bethel ; admitted 
to A'ermont Bar 1859; practiced law at 
Hartford. Ezilisted as private in Co. F, 
3rd Regiment Vermont Volunteers ; soon 
chosen 1st lieutenant; in August, 1861, 
promoted to captain, and Sept. 27, 1862, 
commissioned major, for meritorious con- 
duct, and Jan. 15, 1863, commissioned 
lieutenant-colonel. Was severely wounded 
at Lee's Mills, Va. ; commanded 2nd Ver- 
mont Regiment following battle of the 
Wilderness until it was mustered out of 
service July 27, 1864. A Republican. 
States attornej' Windsor County 1868-9; 
town clerk of Hartford 50 years; delegate- 
at-large to national convention 1868; lieu- 
tenant-governor 1882-4; governor of Ver- 
mont 1884-6. President Reunion Society 
of Vermont Officers 1870-2; chairman state 
board of railway commissioners, 1886 to 
1894. A Baptist; trustee Vermont Acad- 
emy 1885-1910. Judge advocate Medal 
of Honor Legion. 

ORMSBEE, Ebenezer J., Brandon. 
Governor 1886-8. Banker and lawyer. 
Born Shoreham. June 8, 1834; son of 

John Mason and Polly (Wilson) Orms- 
bee. Educated in the public schools, and 
the academies of Brandon and South 
Woodstock. In 1862 married Jennie L. 
Briggs of Brandon, who died in 1866. In 
1867 married Frances (Wadhams) Dav- 
enport of Westport, X. Y. Taught school 
several years and began the study of law 
in the office of Briggs & Xicholson at 
Brandon 1857; admitted to the Vermont 
Bar 1861. Enlisted in the "Allen Grays," 
a military company of Brandon, April, 
1861; subsequently this company was 
known as Co. G, 1st Regiment Vermont 
Volunteers ; elected second lieutenant 
April 25, 1861; was with the company 
until the term of his enlistment expired. 
Enlisted in Co. G, 12th Regiment Ver- 
mont Volunteers, and was commissioned 
captain ; this regiment was attached to the 
Second V^ermont Brigade in the 3rd di- 
vision of the First Army Corps, Army of 
the Potomac, and taking a prominent part 
in the Gettysburg campaign; was mus- 
tered out of service July 14, 1863. Is a 
Republican. In 1868 appointed assistant 
U. S. internal revenue assessor, serving 
until 1872; states attorney for Rutland 
County 1870-4; represented Brandon in 
the Legislature 1872; senator from Rut- 
land County 1878; trustee of Vermont Re- 
form School 1880-4; lieutenant-governor 
1884-6; governor 1886-8. In 1891 ap- 
pointed by President Harrison one of a 
commission of three to treat with the Piute 
Indians at Pyramid Lake, X'ev., the object 
being to secure by payment of a consid- 
eration their relinquishment of claim on 
a part of this reservation; this commis- 
sion succeeded in negotiating satisfactory 
terms for purchase. Governor Ormsbee 
was appointed by President Harrison 
U. S. land commissioner at Samoa to act 
with like commissioners appointed by 
Great Britain and Germany to adjust 
claims of foreigners to lands in Samoa, 
these claims representing many million 
acres of land ; the commissioners were en- 
gaged from 1891-3. Is president of the 
Brandon Free Public Library, and the 
Brandon Cemetery Association; lias been 
president of Brandon X'ational Bank 14 
years; member of the prudential commit- 
tee of the Brandon graded and high school 
for 27 out of the last 31 years and is now 
a member of said board. Member of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, and for 
manv rears has been and now is senior 




Warden of St. Thomas's Episcopal Church 
of Brandon. Member of St. Paul's Lodge 
No. 25 of Brandon, and for many years a 
comrade of the E. J. Ormsbee Post No. 
18. G. A. R. 

DILLINGHAM, AVilliam Paul, :\Iont- 
pelier. Governor 1888-90. Born Water- 
bury. Dec. l^, 1843; son of Paul and 
Julia (Carpenter) Dillingham. Educated 
in the public schools. Newbury Sem- 
inary, and Kimball Union Academy. ^leri- 
den, N. H. ; LL. D. from Norwich Uni- 
versity and Middlebury College, and A. ]M. 
from University of Vermont. Read law 
with Hon. Matt H. Carpenter; after- 
wards studied in his father's office at Wa- 
terbury. In 1874 married Mary Ellen 
Shipman of Lisbon. N. H. ; they have one 
son. Paul Shipman. Admitted to Vermont 
Bar 1867; member of the firm of Dilling- 
ham, Huse, & Howland until it was dis- 
solved in 1902. Is a Republican; states 
attorney. Washington County. 1872-6; sec- 
retary of civil and military affairs 1 874- 
6 ; represented Waterbury in the Legisla- 
ture 1876 and 1884; state senator 1878 
and 1880; state tax commissioner 1882- 
8; governor of Vermont 1888-90; elected 
L'nited States senator from Vermont, Oct. 
18, 1900. to fill a vancancy caused by the 
deatli of Justin S. Morrill, and re-elected 
continuously thereafter; present term ex- 
pires March 4. 1915; chairman of senate 
committee on privileges and elections; 
third member of judiciary committee; 
member of committees on conservation of 
national resources. District of Columbia, 
expenditures in the navy department, im- 
migration, territories, and L'niversity of 
the United States; chairman of special 
immigration commission created in 1907, 
expired 1910; chairman of Vermont dele- 
gation to Republican national convention 
in I9O8. A director of the National Life 
Insurance Co. of Montpelier; president 
board of trustees of Montpelier Seminary; 
trustee of University of Vermont and 
State Agricultural College. In religious 
belief a Methodist; lay delegate from 
Vermont Conference to the General 
Conference of the M. E. Church at 
Gmaha. Nfb.. in 1892. Governor of Ver- 
mont Branch. .Society of Colonial Wars; 
niembrr of \'erniont Society of .Sons of 
American Revolution; and of \'ermont 
Historical Society. 

PAGE, Carroll Smalley, Hyde Park. 
Governor 1890-2. Born Westfield, Jan. 
10, 1843; son of Russell S. and Martha 
Malvina (Smalley) Page. Educated at 
People's Academy, Morrisville; Lamoille 
County Grammar School, Johnson; and 
Lamoille Central Academy, Hyde Park; 
LL. D. from Norwich Lniversity. In 
1865 married Ellen F. Patch of Johnson; 
they had three children, Theophilus Hull 
(deceased), Russell Smith, and Alice. 
Senator Page is identified with many of 
Vermont's important business interests, 
being president of the Lamoille County 
Savings Bank and Trust Co., and the La- 
moille Count}' National Bank, both of 
Hyde Park; director Swanton Savings 
Bank and Trust Co., of Swanton; and of 
several lumber and other corporations. 
His principal business has been that of 
dealer in raw calfskins, confessedly the 
largest in America. Is a Republican; rep- 
resented Hyde Park in the Legislature 
1869 to 1872; and Lamoille County in the 
state Senate 1874; member Vermont Re- 
publican state committee for 18 years, 
from 1872 to 1890, and during the last 
four years was its chairman ; was a dele- 
gate to the Republican national conven- 
tion in 1880 that nominated James A. 
Garfield for president ; delegate-at-large 
to Chicago, convention 1912; savings bank 
examiner 1884-8; governor of Vermont 
1890-2; elected to the U. S. Senate Oct. 
21, 1898, to fill the vacancy caused by the 
death of Hon. Redfield Proctor, and on 
Oct. 19, 1910, was re-elected for the full 
term of six years, as a Republican, al- 
though receiving every Democratic vote in 
the Legislature ; his term of service will 
expire March 3, 1917. 

FULLER, Levi K. Governor 1892-4. 
Born Westmoreland, N. H., Feb. 24, 1841 ; 
son of Washington and Lucinda (Constan- 
tine) Fuller; died Brattleboro, Oct. 10, 
1 896. Came to Windham County with his 
))arents 1845; served an ai)prenticeship as 
a machinist in Boston, Mass., acting for a 
time as night telegraph operator at the 
Merchants' Exchange; returned to Brat- 
tleboro I860; entered the Estey works as 
machinist and mechanical engineer. In 
] 865 married Abby Estey of Brattleboro. 
f'stahlished a shop of his own, where he 
manufactured wood-working and other ma- 
chinery; became partner in the firm of J. 




Este}^ & Co. 1866; superintended the man- 
ufacturing department and was vice-presi- 
dent of the company ; made many trips 
abroad^ establishing Eui'opean agencies 
for the compan}' ; patented about 1 00 in- 
ventions. His last achievement was to 
secure the adoption of international pitch 
for musical instruments, now adopted by 
all manufacturers in the country ; which 
has been termed by Mr. Steinway "one of 
the most important, perhaps the most im- 
portant, in the annals of musical history." 
State senator from Windham County 1880; 
chairman of committee on finance, and 
member of committees on military affairs 
and railroads ; organized the Fuller Light 
Battery, Vermont National Guard 187^; 
served on the staff of Governor Converse 
1872-4; was brevetted colonel 1887; elect- 
ed lieutenant-governor 1886; elected gov- 
ernor of the state 1892. Was an active 
member of the American Society for the 
Advancement of Science, and of the Amer- 
ican Society of Mechanical Engineers ; 
Avas interested in astronomy, had an ob- 
servatory of his own attached to his pri- 
vate residence and the finest equatorial 
telescope in Vermont ; his library of sci- 
entific and technical works was one of the 
most complete in the state. 

WOODBURY, Urban Andrain, Bur- 
lington. Governor 1894-6. Born Acworth, 
X. H., July 11, 1838; son of Albert M. 
and Lucy L. (Wadleigh) Woodbury. 
Educated in the public schools. People's 
Academy, and a graduate of Medical De- 
partment, U. V. M., 1859. In I860 mar- 
ried Paulina L. Darling of Morristown; 
they have six children, Charles L., Min- 
nie S., Gertrude F., Edward P., Lila D., 
and ]\Iildred D. Was manager of J. R. 
Booth's lumber business for 19 years; has 
been proprietor Van Ness House 30 
years; is jDresident and principal owner of 
the Mead JNIanufacturing Co. and Crystal 
Confectionery Co. ; president of tlie Queen 
City Cotton Co. Enlisted May, 1861, in 
2nd Vermont Volunteers ; lost right arm 
in the first battle of Bull Run, 1861 ; this 
was "the first sleeve emi^tied by a rebel 
shot among the Vermont troops," says 
Col. Benedict, in his "Vermont in the 
Civil War;" was taken prisoner and con- 
fined in prison, Richmond, Va. ; paroled 
Oct., 1861; captain Co. D, 11th Regiment 
Vermont Volunteers Aug., 1862; captain 
13th Veteran Reserve Corps June, 1863, 

to March, 1865; colonel on Governor Bar- 
stow's staff" 1884-6. Is a Republican. 
Alderman of the city of Burlington 1882- 
3; mayor Burlington 1885-6; lieutenant 
governor of Vermont 1888-90; governor 
of Vermont 1894-6; appointed b}' Presi- 
dent McKinley in Sept., 1898, a member 
of the commission to investigate the con- 
duct of the war department in the war 
with Spain. Member of First Congrega- 
tional Church, Burlington. Member of 
Masonic fraternity. Odd Fellows, Knights 
of Pythias, G. A. R., Military Order of the 
Loj'al Legion; department commander of 
Vermont G. A. R., 190O; commander 
Loyal Legion, 1907-8. 

GROUT, JosiAH, Newport. Governor 
1896-8. Born Compton, P. Q., May 28, 
1841 ; son of Josiah and Sophronia (Ayer) 
Grout. Educated at Glover Academy and 
St. Johnsbury Academy, and received hon- 
orary degrees from University of Vermont 
and Norwich University. In 1868 married 
Harriet Hinman of Derby; they have one 
son, Aaron H. Enlisted as private in Co. 
I, 1st Vermont Cavalry, Oct. 2, I86I; 
appointed major 26th New York Cavalry 
1864; while serving with the 1st Vermont 
participated in 17 engagements, and was 
badly wounded April 1, 1863. At the 
close of the war entered law ofiice of his 
brother. General Grout, at Barton ; ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1 865 ; in charge 
custom house at Island Pond 1866-9; filled 
same jiosition at St. Albans and New}3ort. 
In 1874 moved to Chicago, and later to 
^loline. 111., returning to Vermont in 1880. 
Is a Republican; represented Newport in 
the Legislature 1872 and 1874, and Derby 
in 1884, 1886, 1888, and 1904, being 
speaker of the House in 1874, 1886, and 
1888; senator from Orleans County 1892; 
governor of Vermont 1 896-8. No religious 
preference. ^Member of Orleans Lodge 
No. 55, F. & A. M., Barton. 

SMITH. Edward Curtis, St. Albans. 
Governor 1898-1900. Born St. Albans, 
Jan. 5, 1854; son of Gov. John Gregory 
and Ann Eliza (Brainerd) Smith. Edu- 
cated at St. Albans High School, Phillips- 
Andover Academy 1871, Yale L^niversity 
1875. Columbia Law School 1877. In 1888 
married Anna Bailey James of Ogdens- 
burg. N. Y. ; they have four children, 
James Gregory, Edward Fairchild, Cur- 
tis Ripley, and Anna Dorothea B. Prac- 




ticed law 1877-81 : director and vice-presi- 
dent Central Vermont Railroad Co. 1881- 
9-2; president 189'-2-o; receiver until 1898; 
president Central Vermont Railway Co. to 
190s. and director Central Vermont Rail- 
■way Co. to date. President Peoples Trust 
Co. to date; Welden National Bank of St. 
Albans; Sherman National Bank of New 
York City; Robin Hood Ammunition Co., 
Swanton; vice-president St. Joseph Lead 
Co.. and also Mississippi Bonne Terra 
Railway Co.; director in above and other 
organizations. A Republican; represented 
SL Albans in Legislature ISPO; governor 
of Vermont 1898-1900. A Congregation- 
alist. Member University, Union League, 
and Yale Clubs, in New York City; Uni- 
versity and Yale Clubs in Boston; Univer- 
sity Club. Washington, D. C. ; Mt. Royal 
and St. James Clubs, Montreal; Rideau 
Club. Ottawa. 

STICKNEY, William Wallace, Lud- 
low. Governor 1900-2. Born Plymouth, 
March 21, 1853; son of John W. and 
Ann (Pinney) Stickney. Graduated from 
Phillips Exeter Academy 1877; LL. D. 
Norwich University 1902. In 1881 mar- 
ried Elizabeth Lincoln of Ludlow, who 
died in 1903; in 1905 married Sarah E. 
Moore of Barrington, N. H. Admitted 
to Vermont Bar 1878, and has since prac- 
ticed law in Ludlow; senior member of 
law firm of .Stickney, Sargent & Skeels; 
president Ludlow Savings Bank and Trust 
Company; president Vermont Bar Asso- 
ciation 1905; vice-president Vermont His- 
torical Society, and New England His- 
torical Genealogical Society. A Repub- 
lican ; clerk House of Representatives 
1882; states attorney Windsor County 
1882-1- and 1890-2; rfi)resented LiuHow 
in the Legislature 1892 and 189K and 
was during that ))eri()d speaker of the 
House; governor of Vermont 1900-2. 
Member Black River Lodge No. 85, F. & 
A. .M. 

MeCULLOUCrll, Joii.N Guirirrii, 
North B«;nnington. Governor 1902-1. 
Born near Newark, Del., Sept. 1(), 
18.35; son of Alexander and Rebecca 
CGriffitlg McCullougli. Educated at the 
Delaware College, graduating with hon- 
ors in his twentieth year; law dep.-irt- 
ment University of Pennsylvania, LL. B. 
1858; received honorary degree of LL. J), 
from Middlebury College 1900, University 

of Vermont 190i, and Norwich University 
1905. In 1871 married Eliza Hall, eldest 
daughter of Hon. Trenor W. Park of 
North Bennington; they have one son. 
Hall Park, and three daughters, Elizabeth 
Laura, Ella Sarah, and Esther Morgan. 
Studied law in the office of St. George 
Tucker Campbell, Philadelphia, and be- 
gan practice in that cit}', but owing to ill 
health removed to Mariposa, Cal., where 
he attained marked professional success ; 
later practiced law for five years in San 
Francisco. In 1 873 came to southern Ver- 
mont, devoting his abilities to commercial, 
financial, and railroad interests, with 
which he has since been prominently 
identified; 1873-83 vice president and gen- 
eral manager Panama Railway, assuming 
the presidency in 1882 at the death of 
Trenor W. Park; was an important fac- 
tor and leading spirit in reorganization 
of the Erie Railroad following the depres- 
sions of 1881 and 1893; was chairman of 
its executive committee in 1888, and was 
one of its two receivers after 1893, with 
the result that in less than four years the 
property was delivered in improved con- 
dition and with cash securities of $8,000,- 
000 to the good ; president Bennington & 
Rutland railway 1883-1900; president 
Chicago & Erie Railroad 1 900-10. Is 
president North Bennington National 
Bank; director Bank of New York, 
Standard Trust Co., Fidelity and Casualty 
Co., National Life Insurance Co. of Ver- 
mont, American Fidelity Co. of New York, 
Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Co., Cen- 
tral Vermont Railroad Co., Atchison, To- 
peka and Santa Fe Railroad Co., Erie 
Railway Co., Lackawanna Steel Co. Is 
a Republican; represented INIariposa in the 
California Legislature I86I; was state 
senator 1 863, and attorney general of Cali- 
fornia 1863-7. Represented Vermont as 
delegate to Republican National Conven- 
tions in 1880, 1888 and I9OO, being chair- 
man of delegation in the latter year; sena- 
tor Bennington County 1898, serving as 
j)resident i)ro tem of the Senate ; governor 
of Vermont 1902-1'; also trustee of the 
University of Vermont, and trustee of 
Middlebury College for years. 

BELL, Charles James, Governor 
190 1-6. John Austin of Glasgow, Scot- 
land, invented tlu; tulip-shaped bell for 
wliieli he was knighted by Queen Eliza- 
beth and took the name of Bell. James, 




a son, came to America, and a descendant 
of his, another James Bell, the grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, came 
to Hardwick from Lyme, N. H., not far 
from 1800. Three or four years later 
he moved to Walden and in 1810 he set- 
tled on the farm known as The Belfry, 
where his grandson was born. Charles 
James Bell, son of James Dean and Caro- 
line (Warner) Bell, was born in Walden 
March 10, 1845; died in New York City 
Sept. 25, 1909. He was educated in the 
public schools of his native town and at 
Peacham Academy. At seventeen he en- 
listed in Company B, 15th Vermont Vol- 
unteers; re-enlisted in 1864 in Company 
C, 1st Vermont Cavalry, and was pro- 
moted corporal the same year. As a sol- 
dier on a Virginia battlefield he cast his 
vote for Abraham Lincoln. He was 
wounded just before the close of the year. 
After he was mustered out in June, 1865, 
he returned to the farm in Walden which 
was always his home and devoted his time 
to farming. In 1870 he married Mary 
Louise Perry of Cabot; they had two 
daughters, Adine ]\Ierrill and Jennie. He 
held several town offices ; represented Wal- 
den in the Legislature of 1882 and was 
senator from Caledonia County in 1894. 
That year he was appointed by Governor 
Woodbury a member of the board of rail- 
road commissioners, serving until 1 896 ; 
in 1904 he was elected governor, assuming 
the duties of the two year term on October 
6th of that year; was a member of the 
state board of agriculture from 1896 to 
1904, serving for six years as its secre- 
tary ; secretary state board of cattle com- 
missioners 1 898-1902. A Congregation- 
alist; served as deacon many years. Was 
prominently identified with the work of 
the Grange, both state and national; treas- 
urer of the Vermont State Grange from 
1872 to 1894, and its master 1894-1906. 
At the time of his death he was serving 
his seventh year as member of the execu- 
tive committee of the national Grange and 
sixth as secretary of that committee. 

PROCTOR, Fletcher Button. Gover- 
nor 1906-8. ]\farble manufacturer. Born 
Cavendish, Nov. 7. I860; son of Hon. 
Redfield and Emily J. (Button) Proctor; 
died Proctor, Sept. 27, 1911. Educated 
in the public schools. Rutland Military 
Institute, and Middlebury High School; 
then entered Middlebury College, but soon 

after matriculated at Amherst College, 
from which institution he graduated in 
1882. In 1886 married Minnie E. Rob- 
inson of West ford ; they had three chil- 
dren, Emily, ^lortimer Robinson, and 
Minnie. After graduating entered the 
employ of the Vermont Marble Co., com- 
mencing by learning the trade of a ma- 
chinist, later occupying various positions, 
until in 1889 he was elected president; 
was also president of the Clarendon & 
Pittsford Railroad Co., director Rutland 
Railroad, New England Telegraph and 
Telephone Co., National Life Insurance 
Co., and Proctor Trust Co. Was member 
of Vermont National Guard, enlisting in 
Co. A in 1884, being promoted to 2nd 
and 1st lieutenant; resigned in 1886, and 
was appointed inspector of rifle practice 
on the staff of Colonel Greenleaf; in 1883 
was elected the first permanent colonel of 
the Vermont division of Sons of Veterans. 
Served several terms as selectman, both 
in Rutland and Proctor; secretary of civil 
and military affairs under Governor Orms- 
bee; represented Proctor in the Legisla- 
ture 1890, 1900, and 1904; speaker in 
19OO; senator from Rutland County 1892; 
governor of Vermont 1906-8; delegate-at- 
large to the Republican national conven- 
tion 19O8. Member of L^nion Church. 

PROUTY, George Herbert, New- 
port. Governor 1 908-10. Born Newport. 
March 4, 1862; son of John A. and Han- 
nah B. (Lamb) Prouty. Educated at 
Newport public schools, St. Johnsbury 
Academy, and Bryant and Stratton's 
Business College. In 1890 married Hen- 
rietta Allen of Rockville, Conn. At the 
age of 18 entered the employ of his father, 
who, with O. C. ^liller, was engaged in 
the lumber business ; the concern is today 
one of the largest companies in northern 
New England, owning large plants in 
Canada and ISIaine, besides the mills at 
Newport. Since his entrance into the 
firm the annual output has increased mam- 
fold, due to Mr. Prouty's advanced busi- 
ness methods. Is a Republican; rep- 
resented Newport in the Legislature 1 896 ; 
senator from Orleans County 1904, and 
president pro tem of the Senate; lieuten- 
ant-governor 1906-8; governor 1 908-10, 
and represented Vermont at the tercen- 
tennial celebration of the discovery of 
Lake Champlain 1909- An attendant of 
the Congregational Church. 




MEAD, John Abxer, Rutland^, Gov- 
ernor 1910-1912. Born Fair Haven, 
April 20, 1841, only child of Roswell 
Rowley Mead and Lydia Ann (Gorliam) 
Mead. His father was a successful mer- 
chant in West Rutland till his death in 
1875. His great-great-grandfather, Col. 
James Mead, was the first settler in Rut- 
land and father of the first white child 
born in the valley of the Otter Creek. 
He was the first moderator, and first se- 
lectman of the town and first representa- 
tive from Rutland to the first Vermont 
Legislature. Colonel Mead was among 
the most active patriots of his day. He 
was a member of the Dorset Convention 
of September 25, 1776, and of the com- 
mittee appointed by the Windsor Con- 
vention in June, 1777, to arrange with 
the commander of Fort Ticonderoga for 
the frontier defence. He was colonel 
of the 3rd Regiment of Vermont Militia, 
and the ^'ermont pay rolls contain the 
record of a payment to Colonel Mead's 
militia for their tours to Ticonderoga in 
1777. The state's records for the same 
year show that Colonel ]\Iead's regiment 
rendered efficient service in scouting after 
Tories at sundry times, and also in guard- 
ing such as were taken, supposed to be 
enemies. In 1779 Colonel Mead was 
engaged in still guarding the frontier, 
sliowing that not onlv upon the field of 
hattk-. but also dealing with a wily foe 
in ambush, he was a living illustration 
of tlie watchword of his ancestors "Sem- 
per Paratus." Governor Mead on the 
maternal side was descended from John 
How] and who came over in the May- 
flower. He was known as the "Beloved 
Pilgrim" of Plymouth and the last sur- 
vivor of that memorable body of men who 
endured hardships of great severity, 
borne witli heroic fortitude. The daughter 
of John Howland married Captain John 
Gorhani who was kilhd in one of the In- 
dian wars with King Phillip. The Gor- 
hams belonged to tbe nobility as their 
genealogical tree and pictures of their 
baronial castle in Prance bear evidence. 
Governor Mead is able to trace the line 
away back to the time when William the 
Conqueror made his excursion to France 
in lO.OI, down to his mother Lydia, 
daiigbter of Eli Gorhain of Rutland. John 
A. .Mead was educated at the coininoii 
school at West Rutland, F'ranklin Acad- 
emy at Malone, X. Y., and at Middle- 

bury College where he was graduated in 
1864. In 1868 he received his diploma 
from the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons in New York City, in reality the 
medical department of Columbia Univer- 
sity. He was appointed house physician 
in the Kings County Hospital at Flat- 
bush, L. I., a position he held for sev- 
eral years. He then removed to Rut- 
land, where he practiced medicine until 
1888. At this time he was tendered a 
chair in the medical department of the 
Laiiversity of Vermont. During the 
time when by hard work and rigid econ- 
omy he was able to complete his studies 
at college, occurred the struggle for the 
preservation of the Union. Mr. Meid 
stood high in his class, but patriotically 
responsive to the great war president he 
and several of his classmates enlisted in 
Co. K., 12th Vermont Volunteers, serv- 
ing for a period of nine months, partici- 
pating in several skirmishes, important 
battles and the 30-mile night march after 
the battle of Gettysburg. Upon being 
mustered out he returned to Middlebury, 
graduating with the class. He is now 
one of the trustees of Middlebury Col- 
lege, Norwich University and University 
of Vermont and these three colleges con- 
ferred the title of LL. D. upon him in 
1911. In 1885 he relinquished the prac- 
tice of medicine to devote his entire at- 
tention to his increasing business inter- 
ests. He had received, meanwhile, 
recognition of professional abilities in the 
appointment of medical director of the 
Vermont State encampment. He served 
as surgeon-general of the State G. A. R. 
1 890, with rank of brigadier-general on 
tlie staff of Gov. Redfield Proctor, as 
member of the board of pension exam- 
iners and as medical superintendent of 
the house of correction. In 1881 he 
aided in the organization of the Vermont 
Association, was chosen its medical ex- 
aminer and director, and in the same year 
assisted in organizing the State Trust 
Co. and was elected its vice-president, 
later becoming its president. In 1888 
he reorganized the Howe Scale Co. of 
which he became president, and the phe- 
nomenal growth of that enterprise is large- 
ly due to his energetic and wise manage- 
ment. He lias been connected with sev- 
eral other large corporations; in the old 
National Bank of Rutland, as director 
and cashier, in the Rutland Railroad as 




treasurer and director, the Clement Na- 
tional Bank as director, the Baxter Na- 
tional Bank as president, and the John 
A. Mead Manufacturing Co. as president. 
Is a Republican; Senator from Rutland 
County 1892; commissioner to World's 
Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893, by 
appointment of Governor P'uller; com- 
missioner to Mexican National Exposition 
of Industries and Free Arts 189.'>, by ap- 
pointment of Governor Woodbury ; repre- 
sented Rutland City in the Legislature 
1906; lieutenant-governor 19O8, and gov- 
ernor of Vermont 1910; delegate-at-large 
to national Republican convention, Chi- 
cago, 1912. ^lember First Congregational 
Church, Rutland, serving many years as 
chairman of its executive committee, and 

vice-president of Congregational Club of 
Western Vermont. Member Grand 
Army of the Republic, and was a staff of- 
ficer for Generals Alger, Veazey and 
Gilman during the term of each as com- 
mander-in-chief of the order; charter 
member Rutland Valley Grange; member 
of Vermont Society Sons of American 
Revolution; Rutland Lodge No. 79, F. & 
A. M., and a Noble of the Mystic Shrine. 
In 1872 Governor Mead married Mary 
M., daughter of Hon. William N. and 
Marj^ M. B. Sherman of Greenwich, R. I. 
They have one daughter, ]Mary Sherman, 
the wife of Carl B. Hinsman, vice-jDresi- 
dent of the Howe Scale Co. ; and one 
grandson who bears the name of John 
Abner Mead Hinsman. 


The following is a complete list of the Senators in Congress for Vermont. Bio- 
graphical sketches of the entire list are given on the following pages, with the 
exceptions noted. 


*Moses Robinson 1791-96 

*Isaac Tichenor 1796-97 

Nathaniel Chipman . . 1797-1803 

* Israel Smith 1803-07 

Jonathan Robinson. .. .1807-15 

*Isaac Tichenor 1815-!21 

Horatio Seymour 1821-33 

Benjamin Swift 1833-39 

Samuel S. Phelps 1839-51 

Solomon Foot 1851-66 

George F. Edmunds.. .1866-91 

*Redfield Proctor 1891-98 

*John W. Stewart 1908-9 

*Carroll S. Page 1909 


Stephen R. Bradley. . .1791-95 

Elijah Paine 1795-1801 

Stephen R. Bradley. . .1801-13 

Dudley Chase '. . . . 1813-17 

James* Fisk 1817-18 

*Wllllam A. Palmer.... 1818-35 

Dudley Chase 1825-31 

Samuel Prentiss 1831-42 

*Samuel C. Crafts 1842-43 

William Upham 1843-53 

Samuel S. Phelps 1853 

Lawrence Brainerd ...1854-55 

Jacob Collamer 1855-65 

Liike P. Poland 1865-67 

Justin S. Morrill 1867-99 

Jonathan Ross 1899-1900 

*William P. Dillingham.1901- 

"First and second class" relate to classes, as defined in the second clause, third section, 
first article in the Constitution of the U. S. 

^Biographical sketch will be found among "The Governors." 

BRADLEY, Stephen R., and Moses 
Robinson were the first senators after the 
admission of the state into the Union. 
Mr. Bradley was five times elected the 
president pro tern, of the Senate, the 
third highest office in the government, and 
was regarded as the most potent Dem- 
ocrat in New England. He was born at 
Wallingford, (now Cheshire) Conn., Feb. 
20, 1754; son of Moses and Mary (Row) 
Bradley, and grandson of Stephen Brad- 
ley, one of a family of six brothers who 
came to this country in 1637, after serv- 
ice in Cromwell's Ironsides. He grad- 
uated from Yale in 1775, entered the 
Revolutionary service as captain of com- 
pany of volunteers as early as February, 
1776, later serving as quartermaster and 
aid on the staff of General Wooster. In 
1779 he appeared in Vermont and was 
licensed to practice law, having studied 
law under Thomas Reeve, foimder of the 
Litchfield Law School. In June, 1780, 
was appointed states attorney for Cum- 
berland County and still earlier had pre- 
pared a statement of Vermont's case 
against the claims of New York, New 
Hampshire and Massachusetts, entitled 
"Vermont's Appeal to a Candid and Im- 
partial World." He and Jonas Fay 
and Moses Robinson were appointed 
agents to Congress to urge the recognition 

of the independence of the state. Tlie 
fruitlessness of this mission has been ex- 
plained in previous sketches, but the abil- 
ity and resourcefulness of the young Ver- 
monter added greatly to his reputation. 
He represented Westminster in the Leg- 
islature in 1780, '81, '84, '85, '88, '90, and 
in 1785 was speaker of the House, of 
which he had been clerk in 1779; was 
states attorney several years and gen- 
eral prosecuting officer of the state; was 
register of probate 1781-91, when he en- 
tered the U. S. Senate. In 1783 was 
judge of county court, and from Octo- 
ber, 1788, to October. 1789, was judge 
of the supreme court. He was a lieu- 
tenant and then a colonel in the first regi- 
ment Vermont militia, serving on the staff 
of Gen. Ethan AUen, and in 1791 was 
made a brigadier-general. By lot it fell 
to him, when elected 1791,, to be a sen- 
ator of the second class whose term ex- 
I^ired in four years, and then as the Fed- 
eralists were a majority he was defeated 
for re-election in 179^. but six years later, 
he was again elected and re-elected in 
1806. serving with distinction. Was 
president of the convention of Republican 
members of Congress, and on Jan. 19, 
1808. summoned tlie convention of mem- 
bers which met and nominated Mr. Madi- 
son as President. He was the author of 




the constitutional amendment requiring the 
Vice-President, like the President, to be 
elected by a majority of the electoral 
votes, and which he reported from the 
committee. He retired from public life 
in 1S13 and five years later remoA-ed from 
Westminster to Walpole, N. H., where, 
after a happy and contented evening of 
life, he went to rest Dec. 9. 1830. 

PAINE. Elijah; senator at the close 
of the 18th century, state judge, U. S. 
judge, pioneer manufacturer and scien- 
tific farmer; was born at Brooklyn, N. 
y., Jan. 2, 1757; son of Seth Paine. He 
studied at Harvard a few months, en- 
tered the Revolutionary army, and grad- 
uated 1781; after studying law he came 
to Vermont in 178i, locating at Windsor, 
later pushing into the wilderness to Wil- 
liamstown and soon established a mill 
for the manufacture of broadcloths, final- 
ly employing nearly 200 workmen ; erected 
the first saw and grist mill in that sec- 
tion, and constructed at a cost of $10,000 
a turnpike from Brookfield to Montpelier, 
which he presented to the state. At one 
time he owned 15,000 Merino sheep, with 
many high grade horses, cattle and swine. 
In 1786 was a member of the convention 
to revise the state constitution; repre- 
sented Williamstown in the Legislature 
1787-91; judge of the superior court un- 
til 1 79 i,. when he was elected U. S. 
senator to succeed SteiDhen R. Bradley, 
declining a second election because he 
was appointed U. S. district judge for 
Vermont, which position he held for over 
forty years, until a few weeks of his death, 
April "28, 1812. In 1790 he married 
Sarah Porter of Plymoutli, N. H. ; they 
had four sons, Martin, an eminent phy- 
.sician; Elijah, a judge of the supreme 
court of New York; George, a prominent 
lawyer; and Gov. Charles Paine. 

CHIP.\[AN, Nathaniel; born Salis- 
bury, Conn., Nov. 15, 1752; son of Sam- 
uel and Hannah Chipman ; graduated from 
Yale in 1777, served as lieutenant and 
fought at Monmouth and Valley Forge, 
but resigned because of poverty and com- 
pleted his study of law; admitted to bar 
1779; came to Vermont and settled at 
Tinmouth where he built a forge for the 
manufacture of bar iron and conducted a 
farm. Represented Tinmouth in the 

Legislature 1784-85; elected assistant 
judge of the superior court 1786, the first 
lawyer to be placed on the bench in Ver- 
mont; chief justice 1789-90; and a mem- 
ber of the commission which determined 
the boundary between New York and 
Vermont. Jan. 18, 1791, he was ap- 
pointed with Lewis R. Morris commis- 
sioner to attend Congress and negotiate 
for the admission of the state into the 
Union. Immediately after admission, 

President Washington made him U. S. 
judge for the district of Vermont, a po- 
sition he resigned in 1793. In 1796 he 
was again elected chief justice, and in 
1797 elected senator to succeed Tichenor 
serving five years, when he returned to 
Vermont and resumed the practice of law, 
again representing Tinmouth in the Leg- 
islature 1806-11. In March, 1813, 
elected one of the council of censors, a 
body chosen once every seven years to 
review the constitution and recommend 
amendments. He was chosen chief jus- 
tice of the state in 1813, but displaced 
in 1815 when the Democrats, or Repub- 
licans as they then generally called them- 
selves, returned to power. In 1815 he 
was appointed professor of law at Middle- 
bury College, holding the chair until 1 843. 
He died Feb. 13, 18i3, aged ninety-one 

ROBINSON, Jonathan; youngest son 
of Samuel, Sr. ; chief justice of the su- 
preme court and United States senator; 
born Hardwick, Aug. 11, 1756, came to 
Bennington with his father in 1761, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1796; was 
town clerk for six years beginning with 
1795, town representative thirteen times 
before 1802, and chief justice of the su- 
l^reme court from 1801 to 1807. In the 
latter year the triumph of the Jeffersoni- 
ans in at last defeating Tichenor and 
electing Israel Smith governor, seven 
years after they had got control of the 
rest of the government, necessitated the 
l.'itter's resignation of his seat in the Sen- 
ate, and Judge Robinson was chosen to 
succeed him, and in 1809 he was also 
elected for another term closing in 1815. 
After his retirement from the Senate he 
was elected judge of probate in October, 
1815, and held the position for four years, 
and again represented the town in 1818. 
He died Nov. 3, I8I9, at the age of sixty- 
three. He married Mary, daughter of 




John P'assett. One of their sons, Jona- 
than E., a lawyer, was town clerk nine 
years and judge of county court in 1828, 
and died in 1831. Another, Henry, was 
paymaster in the army, clerk in the pen- 
sion office, brigadier-general of militia, 
and for ten years clerk of the county and 
supreme court. He died in 1856. 

CHASE, Dudley; twice U. S. senator, 
speaker of the assembly five years, and 
four years chief justice of the supreine 
court ; brother of Bishop Philander Chase 
of Ohio, and the uncle of Salmon P. 
Chase, the Republican statesman and 
chief justice; born Corinth, N. H., Dec. 
30, 1771; son of Deacon Dudley Chase; 
graduated at Dartmouth 1791; studied 
law with Hon. Lot Hall at Westminster, 
and settled at Randolph; states attorney 
for Orange County 1803-11; member con- 
stitutional conventions of 1814 and 1822; 
represented Randolph in the Legislature 
1805-12; being speaker the last five years, 
and immediately elected U. S. senator to 
succeed Stephen R. Bradley; resigned at 
the expiration of his first term of six 
years to accept a position as chief justice 
of the supreme court of the state, being 
re-elected to this post each year until 1821 
when he retired to resume the practice of 
law ; sent again to the Legislature in 
1823-24, and again elected U. S. senator, 
retiring finally to private life in 1831. He 
died Feb. 23, 1846, following an accident 
which resulted in paralysis of his right 
leg. his wife who was Olivia Brown and 
whom he married when she was seventeen, 
surviving him only a few days. 

FISK, James; born Greenwich, Mass., 
Oct. 4, 1763; came to Vermont when a 
mere child, enlisted at age of sixteen in 
the Revolutionary Army and served three 
years, returned to Greenwich and at age 
of twenty-two was a representative to the 
Massachusetts General Assembly ; began 
to preach as a Universalist preacher and 
came to Barre in 1798, preached occasion- 
ally, cleared a farm, studied law, opened 
an office and rose to eminence and posi- 
tion; represented the town nine years from 
1800 to 1815, being active in legislation 
for the observance of the Sabbath, the 
taxing of liquor selling and the regula- 
tion of marriage and divorce; was judge 
of Orange county court 1802-9. aud in 
1816 one of the three judges of the su- 

preme court of the state, resigning two 
years later to accept election to the U. S. 
senate. Was a representative in Con- 
gress in 1804, serving two terms, and 
again from 1811 to 1815, and then after his 
two years' service was chosen U. S. sen- 
ator in 1817 to succeed Dudley Chase, but 
resigned after two years' service to ac- 
cept the post of collector of customs for 
the district of Vermont, which he held 
for eight years, and during that time 
moved to Swanton where he died Dec. 1, 
1844. He was succeeded in the U. S. 
senate by William A. Palmer. 

SEYMOUR, Horatio; born Litchfield, 
Conn., May 31, 1778; son of Maj. Moses 
and Mary (]SIarsh) Seymour; fitted for 
college and graduated from Yale in 1797; 
taught an academy for a year at Cheshire, 
Conn. ; attended Judge Reeve's law school 
at Litchfield for a year, and in October, 
1799, came to ]\Iiddlebury to continue the 
study of law under Daniel Chipman, and 
in 1800 was admitted to the bar. Was 
postmaster at ]Middlebury nine years; 
states attorney 1810-13 and 1815-19, 
and councillor "l 809 to 1814. In 1820 he 
was elected U. S. senator, and re-elected 
in 1826 after a vigorous contest with Gov- 
ernor Van Ness; was the Whig candidate 
for governor in 1833 and 1834. He was 
judge of probate 1847-56. Middlebury 
conferred the degree of LL. D. on him 
in 1847. In 1800 he married Lucy, 
daughter of Jonah Case of Addison; she 
died in 1838, leaving three sons and one 
daughter. He died Xov. 21, 1857. 

PRENTISS, Samuel, one of the great 
Whig leaders of his day; was born at 
Stonington, Conn., March 31, 1782; son 
of Dr. Samuel Prentiss. His boyhood 
was passed at Northfield, Mass.; he had 
only a common school education, studied 
law at Northfield, Mass., and at Brattle- 
boro, admitted to Windham County bar 
1802, locating at Montpelier. In 1822 
he declined election as associate judge of 
the supreme court ; represented Montpelier 
in the Legislature 1824-25, and during the 
latter session was chosen to the supreme 
court, becoming chief justice four years 
later; one year later brought a summons 
to go to Washington to succeed Dudley 
Chase, being re-elected in 1836, but re- 
signed before its exi^iration to accept ap- 
pointment as judge of the U. S. district 




court for the district of Vermont to suc- 
ceed Elijah Paine, deceased. He con- 
tinued in this position fourteen years un- 
til his death. Jan. 15. 1857. In 1804. he 
married Lucretia. daughter of Edward 
Houghton of Xorthlield. who died at Mont- 
pelier. June 15. 1855. She had twelve 
children, of whom ten were boys, and all 
of them who lived to reach manhood be- 
came lawyers. 

SWIFT. Bexjamin; representative in 
Congress 1827-31. and senator from 
1833-9: born at Amenia, N. Y., April 8, 
1780; son of Rev. Job Swift^ lawyer, 
editor, historian of Addison County, a 
judge of probate and assistant judge 
tliere. and secretary of the governor and 
council 1813-14. Young Swift studied 
law at Litchfield, Conn.; began practice 
at Bennington, but moved to St. Albans in 
1 809- He was repeatedly a candidate 
for office on local and county tickets and 
was two or three times representative from 
St. Albans. As a Whig he was elected 
representative to Congress 1827; re- 
elected in 1829, but Avithdrew in favor of 
Heman Allen of Milton who succeeded 
liim. The next year he was brought for- 
ward as a candidate to U. S. Senate, 
elected and served the full term until 
1 839. After his retirement from the 
senate followed farming and was at 
work in the field when death overtook 

to Washington the next winter to claim 
his seat, but as the Legislature had met 
in the meantime and failed to elect him 
or anybody else, the Senate refused to 
admit him on the ground that an executive 
appointee could not continue after the 
Legislature had an opportunity to fill the 
vacancy. He died at his home in Mid- 
dlebury March 25, 1855. He was twice 
married and brought up a large family of 
children of whom the eldest was Hon. 
Edward J. Phelps, late minister to the 
Court of St. James. 

UPHAM, William, for ten years U. S. 
senator; was born Leicester, Mass., Aug. 
5, 1792; son of Captain Samuel Upham 
who moved to Montpelier in 1802 and 
settled on a farm. He worked on a farm 
until he was 15 attending school only win- 
ters, when his right hand was crushed 
in a cider mill and he obtained paternal 
consent to being "educated." He stud- 
ied law with Samuel Prentiss at Mont- 
pelier, was admitted to the bar in 1811 
and practiced for about 30 years, becom- 
ing one of the strongest jury advocates 
the state has ever known. In 1827 
elected town representative being re- 
elected in 1828 and 1830. In 1842 
elected U. S. senator to succeed Samuel 
C. Crafts; at the end of his term he was 
re-elected but died before completing his 
term, Jan. 14, 1853. His wife was Sarah 
Keves of Ashford, Conn. 

PHELPS, Samuel S., senator for 13 
years; born Litchfield, Conn., Ma}', 1793; 
entered Yale at age of 14 graduating in 
1811; studied law until 1812, came to 
Middlebury and entered the office of Hor- 
atio Seymour; served in the war of 1812 
in the ranks at Burlington and Platts- 
burg and afterwards as paymaster; ad- 
mitted to Addison County Bar 1815; mem- 
ber of the council of censors 1827; mem- 
ber of governor's council 1831, and the 
same year chosen judge of the supreme 
court, and annually re-elected until 1838 
when lie was chosen a senator to Congress 
to succeed Benjamin Swift, and again 
elected in 181-4. In January, 1853, on 
the death of .Senator Upham he was ap- 
jjointed to the vacancy on the recom- 
mendation of the Vermont delegation in 
Congress because he was in \\'ashingt()n 
at the time; he discharged the duties of 
his office through that session, and returned 

FOOT, Solomon, senator, representa- 
tive in Congress for 19 years, born in 
Cornwall Nov. 15, 1802; son of Dr. Sol- 
omon and Betsey (Crossett) Foot. An 
orphan at the age of nine, he was self- 
educated, taught district schools, fitted 
for college and graduated from Middle- 
bury 1 826. He was four years tutor at 
Middlebury, was preceptor of Castleton 
Academy and professor of natural phil- 
osophy at the Vermont Medical School at 
Castleton. While teaching he had stud- 
ied law, was admitted to the bar 1831, and 
settled in practice at Rutland ; went to 
the Legislature in 1833, again in 1836-8, 
being speaker the last two sessions; 
states attorney for Rutland County 1836- 
42, and in that year elected representa- 
tive in Congress as an ardent Whig; his 
first appearance on the floor being to pre- 
sent a petition for the "protection of 
AiDcrican producers against the unfriendly 




and ruinous competition of foreign na- 
tions," a position which he held as long 
as he was in Congress; he fought the 
Walker tariflf bill in 1846, and was one 
of the few Republicans to vote against 
the low tariff bill in 1847. He served 
two terms in the house and refused re- 
election to return to the practice of law; 
was next fall sent to the Legislature by 
Rutland, re-elected in 1848, and in 1850 
was elected by the Senate to succeed 
Judge Phelps ; he carried through bills 
for the erection of a customs house at Bur- 
lington and court houses at Rutland and 
Windsor ; and when the extra session of 
Congress was convened on account of the 
war July 4, 1861, he was unanimously 
elected president pro tern, continuing in 
this position through the 37th and 38th 
Congresses; he was with the leaders of his 
party in sharp antagonism to President 
Johnson and his policy but died March 
28, 1866, before the crisis in that struggle 
came, though he clearly foresaw it. He 
was twice married; in 1839 to Emily Fay 
of Rutland, and second to Mrs. Anna Dora 
Hodges of Clarendon who survived him. 

BRAINERD, Lawrence, elected sen- 
ator to fill out William Upham's term; 
born East Hartford, March 16, 1794; the 
fifth of 13 children of Deacon Ezra and 
Mabel (Porter) Brainerd. When 14 
years of age he went to St. Albans on the 
proceeds of walnuts he had gathered and 
sold, and with a capital of 75 cents be- 
gan the struggle of life. He fitted him- 
self to teach a district school, became a 
clerk in a store and, in 1816 embarked in 
business for himself, acquiring additional 
wealth at every step. His political life 
began with service as deputy sheriff; in 
1834 reiDresented St. Albans in the Leg- 
islature ; abandoned the Whig party in 
1840 and was of the 319 in Vermont to 
cast their votes for Birney for president 
that year; was the Liberty party's can- 
didate for governor in 1 846 and 1 847 ; he 
presided over the first Republican con- 
vention July 1854; was a candidate for 
the state senate from his county, but was 
beaten by the old Whig animosity. 
Elected to the U. S. Senate to fill the 
vacancy caused by the death of Senator 
Upham. He married Fidelia Barnet, 
daughter of William Gadcomb ; she died 
in 1852; they had 12 children, of whom 
four sons and two daughters reached 

maturity; one daughter married J. Greg- 
ory Smith, afterwards governor, and the 
other F. S. Stranahan, lieutenant-gov-- 
ernor; the sons Lawrence, Aldis, Erastus 
P., and Herbert, were all men of prom- 

COLLAMER, Jacob; judge, represen- 
tative and senator in Congress, postmas- 
ter-general under Taylor, the only Ver- 
monter before Proctor to serve in the 
cabinet, is the man whose statue as the 
representative Vermonter stands with that 
of Ethan Allen in the rotunda of the 
Capitol at Washington. Was born at 
Troy, X. Y., Jan. 8, 1791 ; son of Samuel 
and Elizabeth (Van Ormun) CoUamer; 
came to Vermont when four years of age, 
and by his own energy secured the means 
for a collegiate and professional educa- 
tion ; graduated at the University of Ver- 
mont 1810; admitted to the bar 1813; 
after serving in the frontier campaign as 
lieutenant of artillery in 1812. In 1816 
moved to Royalton where he practiced un- 
til 1836 when he went to Woodstock; rep- 
resented Royalton in the Legislatures of 
1821, '22, '27 and '28; states attorney 
for Windsor County 1822-24; member of 
constitutional convention 1836, that did 
away with the old governor's council and 
established a state senate. In 1833 
elected assistant judge supreme court, re- 
elected annually until 1842 when he de- 
clined further service. The next year 
he was elected to Congress remaining un- 
til 1 848, but a Legislative caucus that fall 
recommended him for a cabinet position 
and President Taj'lor on his inauguration 
named him for postmaster-general. On the 
death of President Taylor in July, 1850, 
Mr. Collamer resigned with the rest of the 
cabinet, and returned to his law practice 
in Vermont, and was elected circuit judge 
by the Legislature, holding this office until 
1854 when the young Republican party 
elected him U. S. senator. When his 
term exjiired in I860 he was re-elected 
for a second term and filled even a larger 
place in national councils. Vermont 
presented his name at the Chicago con- 
vention that year for the presidency, and 
he received ten votes on the first ballot of 
the convention, the only Vermonter ex- 
cept Edmunds who has been so lionored in 
the national conventions of either party. 
He died in his home in Woodstock Nov. §■< 
1865. He was a man who was loved by 




children, by neighbors, by all who knew 
him. He was a member of the Congre- 
gational Church for the last twenty years 
of his life, and he delivered a course of 
lectures, as reverent as they were learned, 
on "The Authenticity of the Scriptures." 
He was for some time professor of med- 
ical jurisprudence in the Vermont Medical 
College, at Woodstock, where he gave short 
but instructive courses of lectures. The 
University of Vermont conferred the de- 
gree of LL. D. on him in 1849, and Dart- 
mouth in I860. Mr. Collamer wedded, 
July 15. 1817, Mary X., daughter of Abi- 
jah Stone, and seven children were the 
fruit of this union. 

POLAND, Luke P., chief justice of the 
supreme court, both senator and represen- 
tative in Congress; born at Westford, 
Nov. 1, 1815; son of Luther and Nancy 
(Potter) Poland. His educational ad- 
vantages were limited to a few weeks each 
year in the public schools and a few 
months in the academy at Jericho when 
he was 1 7 ; was clerk in a store at Water- 
ville and did work in his father's saw- 
mill; taught school in the village of Mor- 
risville and studied law in the office of 
Samuel A. Willard ; was admitted to the 
bar in 1836 and 12 years later became one 
of the judges of the supreme court. Was 
register of probate for Lamoille County 
1 839-iO ; member of state constitutional 
convention 1 8 i3, and states attorney 
1811-5; in I860 chosen chief justice of 
the supreme court and held it until his 
election as senator in 1 865, continuing 
two years. On the death of Senator 
Collamer, having some years before moved 
to the east side of the mountain and made 
St. .Johnsbury his home, he was chosen 
by the Legislature to fill out the unexpired 
term of a little over a year, and in 1866 
was elected representative to the lower 
House of Congress and Morrill trans- 
ferred to the Senate which position he held 
by successive re-elections until 1875. Was 
chairman of the state's delegation to the 
Republican national convention in 1876; 
two years later St. Johnsl)ury sent him 
to the State Legislature, and in 1882, he 
made somf:thing of a contest with Senator 
Morrill for the latter's seat in the Senate. 
A surprise party however in the conven- 
tion of the new second district secured 
him the nomination for thr- House away 
from General f/ront. but lie served onlv 

one term. In 1838, he married Martha 
Smith Page of Waterbury, who died 1853; 
they had three children; in 1854 married 
x\delia H., sister of his deceased wife. 
Judge Poland died July 2, 1887. 

EDMUNDS, George Franklin, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. Lawyer, statesman. Born 
Richmond, Feb. 1, 1828; son of Eben- 
ezer and Naomi (Briggs) Edmunds. 
Educated in common schools and with 
private tutor. Studied law in office of A. 
B. Maynard, Richmond, 1846-7; and 
Smalley & Phelps, Burlington, 1847-9; 
admitted to Vermont Bar 1849, and to 
partnership with Mr. Maynard in Rich- 
mond; removed to Burlington 1851, where 
he soon forged his way to the front 
against such formidable competitors as 
Ex-Lieutenant Governor Underwood, Ed- 
ward J. Phelps, and David A. Smalley. 
Represented Burlington in Vermont Leg- 
islature 1854-59; speaker 1856-9; sena- 
tor from Chittenden County and president 
pro tem 1861 and 1862; United States 
Senator 1866-91; resigned. Member 
Electoral Commission 1877; largely 
supported, against his protest, for 
president of United States in National 
Republican Convention 1880. Author of 
act of Mar. 22, 1882, for suppression of 
polygamy in Utah and disfranchisement 
of those who practice it, known as Ed- 
munds Act; also of the anti-trust law of 
1 890 ; president pro tem of U. S. Senate 
during presidency of Gen. Chester A. 
Arthur; was leader in Senate on Republi- 
can side ; notable as a constitutional law- 
yer. In 1897 became chairman of 
Monteray Commission appointed by ex- 
ecutive committee of the Indianapolis 

MORRILL, Justin Smith, born at 
Strafford, April 14, 1810; son of Nathan- 
iel and Mary (Hunt) Morrill. Educated 
in the public schools, Thetford and Ran- 
dolph academies ; at the age of 1 5 entered 
a store as clerk; went to Portland, Me., 
in 1828 to fill a similar position; returned 
to Strafford in 1831 and became the part- 
ner of Jedediah Harris, leading merchant 
in town, business connection terminat- 
ing with the death of Judge Harris in 
1855; in 1854 received the nomination of 
the Whig party convention of his district 
for Congress and he was elected by a 
small niajoritv, taking his seat Dec. 3, 




1S55; and thereafter affiliated with the 
new Republican party. He opposed the 
tarifl" in 1857 and carried through the 
House the iirst bill against iSIormon polyg- 
amy; introduced the first bill to grant 
free lands for agricultural, scientific and 
industrial colleges; it was vetoed by Presi- 
dent Buchanan but was again introduced 
and carried through bj' Mr. Morrill 1862; 
he was five times re-elected to the House 
where his influence was greater than any 
other member with the exception of Thad- 
deus Stevens. During the war he had 
charge of all tariff and tax legislation, and 
the "Morrill tariff" of 1861, and the in- 
ternal revenue tax system of 1862. In 
1866, after 12 years of honorable service 
in the House he was transferred to the 
U. S. Senate where he was authority on 
all questions relating to finance and tax- 
ation, and his period of service in the na- 
tional Legislature was as remarkable for 
its duration as it was distinguished for its 
usefulness. Died Dec. 28, 1898. In 1851 
he married Ruth Swan of Easton, Mass. 

ROSS, Jonathan, St. Johnsbury. Sen- 
ator 1899-1900. Born Water ford', April 
30, 1826; son of Royal and Eliza (Ma- 
son) Ross. Educated in the common 
schools; select school at Waterf ord ; Phil- 

lips Academy, Danville; St. Johnsbury 
Academy; Dartmouth College, A. B. 
1851; LL. D. 1855. In 1852 married 
Eliza Ann Carpenter, who died 1886; 
they had eight children, Caroline C, 
Elizabeth, Helen M. (deceased), Julia 
(Mrs. A. C. Aldrich), Martha (Mrs. J. 
W. Titcomb), Edith (Mrs. C. W. Braley), 
Edward Harlan, and Jonathan C. For 
his second wife married Miss Helen Dag- 
gett. Taught in Craftsbury, and was 
principal at Chelsea Academy for some 
time ; studied law with Hon. William He- 
bard ; admitted to Orange County Bar 
1856; in partnership with A. J. Willard 
at St. Johnsbury two years ; with G. A, 
Burbank one year, and with W. P. Smith 
a year. Treasurer Passumpsic Savings 
Bank 1858-68; states attorney Caledonia 
County 1862-3; represented St. Johns- 
bury in Legislature 1 865, '66, '67 ; mem- 
ber council of censors 1869; senator from 
Caledonia County 1870; assistant judge 
supreme court of Vermont 1870-90; chief 
judge 1890 to Jan. 11, 1899, when he re- 
signed to fill the vacancy in U. S. Senate 
caused by the death of Hon. Justin S. 
Morrill. Dec. 1, 1900, appointed by gov- 
ernor as chairman state railroad commis- 
sion, serving two years, thereafter devot- 
ing his time to the profession of law until 
his death at St. Johnsburv, . 


The following is a comiilt'tc list of the Representatives in Congress for ^'er- 
niont. Biographical sketches of the entire list are given on the following pages, 
with exceptions noted. 

Nathaniel Niles 1791-95 

*Israel Smith 1791-97 

Daniel Buck 1795-0!) 

Matthew Lvon 1797-1801 

Lewis R. Morris.... 1797-1803 

tisrael Smith 1801-03 

William Chamberlain. . 1803-05 

*Martin Chittenden 1803-13 , 

James Elliot 1803-09 

Gideon Olin 1803-07 

t James Fisk 1805-09 

James Witherell 1807-08 

Samuel Shaw 1808-13 

William Chamberlain . . 1809-1 1 
Jonathan H. Hubbard.1809-11 

tJames Fisk 1811-15 

Wilham Strong 1811-15 

WiUiam C. Bradlev. .. 1813-15 

^Ezra Butler ' 1813-15 

*Richard Skinner 1813-15 

Charles Rich 1813-15 

Daniel Chipman 1815-17 j 

Luther Jewett 1815-17 

Chauncev Langdon ...1815-17 

Asa Lvon 1815-17 

Charles 1815-17 

John Noyes 1815-17 

Heman Allen of Col- 
chester 1817-18 

tSamuel C. Crafts 1817-;25 

William Hunter 1817-19 

Orsamus C. MerrilL. .. 1817-19 

Charles Rich 1817-25 

Henrv Olin 18-34-25 

Mark Richards 1817-21 

William Strong 1810 yl 

Ezra Meech 1819- Jl 

RoUin C. Mallorv 1819 :U 

Ellas Keves . . .\ 1821-23 

*John Mattocks 1821-23 

Phineas White 1821-23 

William C. Bradlev. .. 1823-27 
D. Azro A. Buck.'. ...1823-29 
Ezra Meech 1825-27 

*John Mattocks 1825-27 

George E. Wales 1825-29 

Heman Allen of Milton. 1827-29 

fBenjamin Swift 1827-31 

Jonathan Hunt 1827-32 

William Cahoon 1827-33 

Horace Everett 1829-43 

nViUiam Slade 1831-43 

Heman Allen of Milton.1832-39 

*Hiland HaU 1833-43 

Benjamin F. Deming. . 1833-35 

Henrv F. Janes 1835-37 

Isaac* Fletcher 1837-41 

John Smith 1839-41 

Augustus Young 1841-43 

*John Mattocks 1841-43 

George P. Marsh 1843-49 

fSolomon Foot 1843-47 

*Paul Dillingham 1843-47 

t Jacob CoUamer 1843-49 

WiUiam Henry 1847-51 

Lucius Peck '. 1847-51 

William Hel)ard 1849-53 

James Meachani 1849-56 

Ahiman L. Miner 1851-53 

Thomas Bartlett, Jr... 1851-53 

Andrew Tracey 1853-55 

Alvah Sabin 1853-57 

t Justin S. Morrill 1855-fi7 

George T. Hodges 1856-57 

Eliakim P. Wahon 1857-63 

Homer E. Rovce 1857-61 

Portus Baxter" 1861-67 

Fred'k E. Woodbridge 1863-69 
Worthington C. Smith. 1867-73 

fLuke P. Poland 1867-75 

Charles W. WiUard. .. 1869-75 

*George W. Hendee. ... 1873-79 

Dudlev C. Denison 1875-79 

Charles H. Jovce 1875-83 

Bradlev Barlow 1879-81 

James 'm. Tvler 1879-83 

William W. 'Grout 1881-83 

fLuke P. Poland 1883-85 

*John W. Stewart 1883-92 

WiUiam W. Grout 1881-83 

H. Henrv Powers. .. 1892-1900 

Kittredge Haskins 1901-09 

David J. Foster 1901-12 

Frank Plumley 1909- 

Frank I.. Greene 1912- 

*Biographical sketch will be found among "The Governors." 
fBiographical sketch will be found among "The Senators." 

NILES, Nathaniel; legislator, speaker, 
councilor, congressman, lawyer, judge, 
physician, preacher, inventor, and some- 
thing of a poet; born South Kingston, R. 
I., April 3, 1741, the grandson of Samuel 
Niles, of Braintree, Mass. ; commenced his 
collegiate course at Harvard, later grad- 
uating at Princeton; studied theology 
under Rev. Dr. Bellamy; studied law and 
medicine, taught school in New York city, 
preached at Norwich and Torrington, 
Conn., and indulged himself with mechan- 
ical experiments ; invented a process of 
making wire from bar iron by water 
jDower, later building at Norwich, Conn., 
a woolen card manufactory-. He was an 
ardent patriot in the Revolution ; author 

of the ode entitled "The American Hero," 
1776, and which became a war song of 
New England soldiers; came to West Fair- 
lee and settled near center of town, preach- 
ing Sundays in his own house for 1'2 years; 
elected to the Legislature 1784 and chosen 
speaker; in 1784 was also elected with 
Moses Robinson and Ira Allen an agent to 
Congress to "transact and negotiate busi- 
ness of this state with that body." Judge 
of the supreme court 1784-8; member of 
the council 1785-7, and served in the con- 
stitutional convention of 1791? taking the 
lead with Chipman in securing the ratifi- 
cation of the Federal constitution ; served 
in Congress 1791-5; again represented 
Fairlee in the Legi.slatures of 1800, '01, 




'0:2. and in I SI '2. "13, '14; again member 
of council of censors 1799. a"d again re- 
turned to the governor's council 1803-8, 
and in the constitutional convention ISli. 
In politics, Mr. Xiles was a Jeffersonian 
Republican, and for 20 years the most 
steadfast and popular champion of Dem- 
ocratic views in Vermont. A resolute 
antagonist of slavery, he led in formulat- 
ing tlie demand of the state in 1805 for 
a constitutional amendment to forever pro- 
hibit the importation of slaves into the 
country; he "entered a solemn protest" 
against some of the lottery legislation of 
1804; was chairman of the committee in 
1814 that reported against the constitu- 
tional amendment proposed by Tennessee 
and Pennsylvania to reduce the term of 
senators from six to four years ; was chair- 
man on the part of the House of joint 
committee to consider the invitation of 
Massachusetts to send delegates to the 
Hartford convention, and which to the 
lasting credit of Vermont, by unanimous 
vote of the committee, reported against 
having anything to do with this traitorous 
scheme. He strenuouslv opposed the 
bank bill schemes proposed so thickly in 
the early years of the century, finally as- 
senting in 1 806 to the compromise for the 
establishment of tlie Vermont State Bank. 
At the age of nearly seventy-four he re- 
tired from his thirty years of almost con- 
tinuous public service, and passed the rest 
of his days until his death in November, 
1828, at his home in West Fairlee. Judge 
Xiles was twice married, first to a daugh- 
ter of Rev. Dr. Josej^h Lathrop of West 
S))ringfield. Mass., and second to Eliza- 
beth Watson of Plymouth, Mass. He left 
two sons, one of them, Nathaniel, became 
U. S. consul at Sardinia, acting plenipo- 
tentiary to Austria, and secretary of le- 
gation at the Court of St. James under 
General Cass. 

BUCK, D.\.\iKi>, a lawyer by profes- 
sion, was one of the earliest settlers of 
the state; rej)resented Xorwieli in the 
Legislature several years, and lifld the 
speaker's chair 17,95-fi; again in Legis- 
lature in ISOfi; in 1792 counsel for Ira 
Allen in the fight in the Legislature over 
the latter's accounts, one phase of which 
r< suited in political revolution and ousted 
Governor Chittenden from office one term ; 
member of the convention at Bennington 
that adopted the act of union, but took 

the lead in opposing that action and urg- 
ing Vermont to continue an independent 
little republic by herself; took a leading 
part in the passage of the act of 1806, 
empowering judges of the supreme court 
of judicature to grant divorces; was ac- 
tive in the Legislature of 1806 for the es- 
tablishment of a state bank; served as 
states attorney 1794, and one of the 
state's representatives in Congress 1795- 
9, being an ardent Federalist, while his 
colleague. ^Matthew Lyon, was a red-hot 
Democrat. His declining years were 
spent in Chelsea, where he practiced his 
profession until his death in 1817. 

LYON, Matthew, elected to Congress 
from three states, was born in Wicklow, 
Ireland, about 1746; attended school at 
Dublin where he obtained an English 
education and a smattering of Latin; ap- 
prenticed to a printer and bookbinder, but 
at the age of 13 a sea captain induced him 
to run away and come to America, even 
though it meant 15 years of slavery to 
pay his passage. He was in Vermont 
in 1776, and with a lieutenant's commis- 
sion was stationed at Jericho with a squad 
of men, who later refused to serve be- 
cause of support and Lyon was court- 
martialed and cashiered for cowardice. 
He was reinstated in July, 1777, and 
made paymaster of the Northern army. 
After the battle of Bennington he was a 
farm laborer of Governor Chittenden who 
made him his deputy-secretary and clerk 
of the court of confiscation; became a 
captain and colonel of the militia ; repre- 
sented Arlington in the Legislature 1779" 
82; moved to Fair Haven in 1783, where 
he conducted a saw and grist mill, and 
erected an iron mill in 1785 and a paper 
mill soon after. In the iron mill he 
turned out hoes, axes and nail rods ; made 
paper from bass wood long years before 
it was thought of anywhere else; was se- 
lectman in Fair Haven 1788, 1790, and 
1791; the town's representative in the 
Legislature ten years, and later estab- 
lished "The P'armers Library" and a 
))olitical sheet, the "Fair Haven Gazette"; 
was assistant judge, of county court 
1786; and on the admission of the state 
into the Union became a red-hot Dem- 
ocratic leader, and immediately a candidate 
for Congress ; contested the election with 
Israel Smith and Isaac Tichenor in 1791, 
'93, '9.5; in 1795 was elected to Congress, 




taking his seat in 1797, he and Andrew 
Jackson in the Senate being the two most 
rabid anti-Washington men in Congress. 
He had many bitter fights in Congress, 
but the thing with which Lyon's name 
is most strikingly linked in history is his 
martyrdom to the alien and sedition law. 
At the fall term of U. S. court in Rutland 
in 1798 he was indicted for "scurrilous, 
scandalous, malicious, and defamatory 
language" about President Adams, pub- 
lished in the Windsor Journal ; he pleaded 
his own case at the trial, but was con- 
victed and sentenced to four months' im- 
prisonment and a $1,000 fine, and was 
confined in jail at Vergennes and treated 
with much hardship. While in jail he 
was re-elected to Congress by 500 major- 
ity; his journey thither being one of tri- 
umph in a coach and four under the 
American flag. In a prolonged contro- 
versy over the presidential election in 
1800, he cast the vote of the state for 
Jefferson. At the expiration of his terra 
in Congress he moved to Kentucky, es- 
tablished the first printing office in the 
state and was elected to Congress in 
1804; moved to Arkansas, and in 1820 
was again elected to Congress, but died 
at Little Rock, Aug. 1, before taking his 
seat. In 1840 Congress refunded to 
Colonel Lyon's heirs the fine he had paid 
in Vermont under the sedition law. 

MORRIS, Lewis R., six years Con- 
gressman; a native of New York, where 
he was born Nov. 2, 1T60; settled in 
Springfield about 1786; was a member of 
the Bennington convention that voted to 
ratify the Federal constitution, and one 
of the commissioners to Congress that 
completed the negotiation for admission 
to the Union in 1791; represented Spring- 
field in the Legislature 1795-6; 1803- 
'05-'06-'08 ; secretary of the constitu- 
tional Convention at Windsor 1793; mem- 
ber National House of Representatives 
1797 to 1803. Soon after settling in 
Springfield he married the daughter of 
Rev. Buckley Olcott oi Charlestown, N. 
H., who lived but a few years, and later he 
married Ellen, daughter of Gen. Arad 
Hunt of Vernon. He died at Vernon. 
Dec. 29, 1825. 

CHAMBERLAIN, William; soldier, 
councilor, judge, congressman, and lieu- 

tenant-governor; born Hopkinton, Mass., 
in 1753, and when 20 years old moved 
with his father to London, N. H.; en- 
listed promptly when the war for inde- 
pendence opened, was in the Canada ex- 
pedition as an orderly sergeant, and one 
of nine officers and privates out of a com- 
pany of seventy that survived to take part 
in the battle of Trenton, N. J. Return- 
ing to his New Hampshire home, he vol- 
unteered again upon Burgoyne's invasion 
and was in the battle of Bennington 
wliere he distinguished himself by his 
bravery; settled in Peacham about 1780 
and was town clerk for 12 years; jus- 
tice of the peace 24 years ; town repre- 
sentative 12 years; chief judge of Cale- 
donia County court 17 years, and coun- 
cilor seven years, 1796-1803. Was twice 
elected to Congress, 1802 and again in 
1808; the Federalist victory of 1813 
elected him lieutenant-governor with 
^Martin Chittenden, and they were re- 
elected in 1814; was an Adams presiden- 
tial elector in 1800. The close and hard- 
fought election of 1815 retired him to 
private life finally, though he ran a lit- 
tle better than Chittenden. He died 
Sept. 27, 1828. 

ELLIOT, James; born Gloucester, 
Mass.. Aug. 18, 1775, and reared as a 
farm servant in the family of Colonel 
Sanderson of Petersham; was taught the 
rudiments of grammar by his employer, 
but otherwise was self-educated. He 
came to Guilford when fifteen, and en- 
gaged as a clerk; filled with military ar- 
dor, at age of eighteen he enlisted at 
Springfield, Mass.. and was in service 
three j^ears against the insurgents in 
Pennsylvania and the Indians in Ohio. 
Returning to Guilford in 1798, he pub- 
lished a 278-page volume of his political 
and miscellaneous works; read law. was 
admitted to the bar and settled in prac- 
tice in Brattleboro. He was elected to 
Congress to succeed Lewis R. Morris, and 
on retiring in 1809 publislied a paper for 
a time in Philadelphia ; entered the army 
in the war of 1812 as a captain, but after 
brief service returned to ^'ermont and 
resumed tlie practice of law at Brattle- 
boro; elected to the Legislature in 1818- 
19; removed to Newfane and was again 
sent to the Legislature in 1837-8; was 
county clerk, judge of probate, and the 




last two years of life was states at- 
torney. He died Nov. 10, 1S39. aged 
6i years. 

OLIX. Gideon; a Congressman and 
one of the founders of the state, was 
born in Rhode Island in 1743 and came 
to Vermont and settled in Shaftsbury in 
1776; was delegate to Windsor conven- 
tion of June i. 1777, and a representa- 
tive in the first Legislature under the 
new state government in 1778; in the 
Legislature from 1780 to 1793, and 
speaker from 1788 to 1793; judge of 
Bennington County court 1781-98; 
served in the council from 1793-8, and 
again as judge 1800-2, and chief judge 
1807-11. a total judicial service of twen- 
ty-three years. He was a delegate to 
the constitutional convention of 1791 
and 1793, and was in Congress two terms. 
from 1803 to 1807. He died in Jan- 
uary 1823. Congressman Abraham B. 
Olin of Xew York was his son and Con- 
gressman Henry Olin of this state his 

WITHERELL, James; Congressman 
1807-8; born Mansfield, Mass., June 16, 
17.59; enlisted at age of I6 in the Rev- 
olutionary service, continuing therein 
from the early siege of Boston until peace 
was won and the army disbanded in 
1783. when he came out as an officer with 
$■70 in Continental currency. Studied 
medicine at Mansfield, and in 1789 be- 
gan practice at Fair Haven, where he 
married Amy Hawkins, a lineal descend- 
ant of Roger Williams. He was a red- 
hot Democrat and a hearty associate of 
Matthew Lyon ; represented Fair Haven 
from 1789 to 1802; assistant judge of 
Rutland County court 1801-3, and chief 
justice 1803-6; councilor 1802-7, when 
he was elected to Congress; before his 
term was completed President Jefferson 
appointed him one of the judges of the 
ttrritory of .Michigan, with executive and 
hgislative duties to perform as well as 
judicial. In the war of 1812 he com- 
manded a corps at Detroit and when the 
pnst fell before the British he refused to 
.surrender liis command but allowed his 
men to di.sperse and escape wbile lie re- 
mained to be taken prisoner. He again 
lived in Fair Haven while on parole, but 
when exchanged returned to Detroit, and 
in 1826 President .Jolui (^iiinev Adams 

appointed him secretary of the territory. 
He died at Detroit Jaii. 9, 1838. 

SHx\W, S.\muel; Congressman 1808- 
13; a Democrat of the Matthew Lyon 
school, was born at Dighton, Mass., in 
December, 1768; came to Putney when 
10 years of age, and at 19 settled himself 
at Castleton and began, after two years 
of study, the practice of medicine; repre- 
sented Castleton in Legislature 1800-7, 
when he was elected to both houses, but 
accepted the office of councilor; defeated 
tlie following j^ear, he was elected to Con- 
gress, serving from 1808 to 1813; on his 
retirement was appointed surgeon in the 
U. S. army, attaining an eminence which 
was remarkable, considering his limited 
education. He died at Clarendon, Oct. 
22, 1827. 

HUBBxVRD, Jonathan Hatch; Con- 
gressman 1808-11; born in Windsor in 
1768; died there Sept. 20, 1849; had a 
liberal education and studied law and 
was admitted to bar in 1790, practicing 
until his election to Congress in 1808. 
He served until 1811, and in 1813 be- 
came judge of the supreme court of Ver- 
mont, continuing in office until 1815. 

STRONG, William; Congressman 
1811-15, 1819-20; born at Lebanon, 
Conn., in 1763; son of Benajahand Polly 
(Bacon) Strong; was self-educated by 
means of books he could borrow, and for 
several years was engaged in making land 
surveys in Grand Isle county. Return- 
ing to Hartford and engaging in farming 
he quickly became a man of influence in 
the community; represented Hartford in 
the Legislature 1798-9, 1801, '02, '15, 
'16, '17, and '18; was sheriff of Windsor 
county eight years, from 1802 to 1810; 
judge of supreme court of Windsor 
county in 1817, and a member of the 
council of censors in 1834; first elected 
to Congress 1811, serving two terms; in 
1819 returned again, serving one term. 
In 17.93 married Abigail Hutchinson of 
Norwich; they liad nine children; of 
these. John P. and Charles were woolen 
manufacturers at Quechee. He died 
Jan. 28, 1840, at the age of seventy- 

BRADLEY, William C, Congress- 
man 1813-15, 1823-7; born Westminster, 




March 23, 1782; son of Senator Stephen 
R. and Merab (Atwater) Bradley. He 
was twice a congressman, long the leader 
of the Jacksonian Democracy of the 
state, and in the opinion of Pliney White, 
"all things considered the greatest man 
Vermont has jDroduced." He began to 
write poetry at the age of six years, and 
when twelve his first prose work, "The 
Rights of Youth," was published; was 
a great Bible student, and at the age of 
eleven was fitted for college; at twelve 
was studying Hebrew; at thirteen he en- 
tered Yale, but was expelled before his 
freshman year had ended; at eighteen 
was secretary of the commissioners of 
bankruptcy, and before he was of age 
was states attorney for Windham County 
holding this position seven years ; at 
twenty-four represented his town in the 
Legislature; at thirty was a member of 
the governor's council, and at thirty-two 
was sent to Congress ; was Democratic 
nominee for governor in 1830, 1834, '3a, 
'36; twice in 1837-8, joined the Free Soil 
party in 184^8, and later the Republican 
party. Elected to Congress as a Jef- 
fersonian Democrat in 1812; at the ex- 
piration of his temn he was appointed 
agent of the United States, under the 
treaty of Ghent, for fixing the iiorth- 
eastern boundary, a work that required 
five years ; again elected to Congress in 
1822 and 1824; again represented West- 
minster in the Legislature of 1850 and 
was a member of the constitutional con- 
vention of 1857. In 1858, after fifty- 
six years of practice, he took leave of the 
bar at Newfane. He died at West- 
minster in March, 1867, following soon 
the death of his wife, a woman of rare 
beauty of person and character. 

RICH, Charles; Congressman 1817- 
25; born W^arwick, ^lass., Sept. 13, 1771, 
coming to Shoreham with his father in 
1787, making the distance on foot. At- 
tended school for fifteen months, his aid 
being required by his father in clearing 
land and erecting mills. In 1791 mar- 
ried a daughter of Nicholas Wells ; com- 
menced life on land given him by Mrs. 
Rich's father, becoming a wealthy man. 
A Democrat; represented Shoreham in 
the Legislature in 1800, and re-elected 
eleven times; elected to Congress 1812, 
and re-elected except for the term of 
1815-17, till 1825. 

CHIPMAX, Daniel; Congressman 
1815-17; brother of Nathaniel, the young- 
est of seven sons, born Salisbury, Conn., 
Oct. 22, 1763; fitted for college at Tin- 
mouth, graduated at Dartmouth 1788; 
LL. D. from Middlebury 1849; studied 
law with his brother, opened an office in 
Poultney 1790, but moved to Middlebury 
in 1794; represented Middlebury in Leg- 
islature eight years, was speaker in 1813 
and 1814, and member of governor's 
council 1808. In 1814 was elected to 
Congress, resigning on account of ill 
health after one session ; moved to Rip- 
ton 1828, and in 1822 published a treatise 
on law contracts ; appointed reporter of 
decisions of supreme court 1823; states 
attorney for Addison County 1797 to 
1817; inember five different constitution- 
al conventions, 1793, 1814, 1836, 1843, 
1850. In attending the latter, at age 
of 84, he incurred the disease that ended 
in his death. 

JEW^ETT, Luther; Congressman 
1815-17; physician, preacher and editor 
of St. Johnsbury's first paper; born Can- 
terbury, Conn., in 1772; graduated at 
Dartmouth 1792; came to St. Johnsbury 
1 800, where he practiced medicine ; li- 
censed to preach by the Coos Association, 
and did so for ten years. In 1827 
started the first paper in St. Johnsbury, 
"The Friend," (anti-Masonic). July 3, 
1828, he issued the first number of the 
Farmers' Herald, Whig in politics, con- 
tinuing it four years; in 1815 elected to 
Congress, serving one term. He died 
in I860 at age of eighty-seven. 

LANGDON, Chauncy; Congressman 
1815-17; born Farmington, Conn., Nov. 
8, 1763; son of Ebenezer Langdon; grad- 
uated at Yale 1787; studied law at Litch- 
field, and removed to "the Grants" in 
1788. Came first to Windsor, later go- 
ing to Castleton ; was register of probate 
1792-7; judge of probate 1798-9; repre- 
sented Castleton in Legislature 1813-14, 
1817, '19, '20, and 1822; elected to Con- 
gress with the full Federalist delegation 
1814. the party's last stand in Vermont. 
Was councilor" 1808. and 1828-30; trus- 
tee Middlebury College nineteen years. 
He died at Castleton July 23, 1830, and 
with his wife who died four years later, 
is buried at Castleton. They left one 
daugliter and two sons: Lucy, (Mrs. 



Chas. K. Williams of Rutland); Benja- 
min Franklin. Avho succeeded his father 
as lawyer and judge at Castleton^ and 
John Jay. who moved to the South. 

LYOX. Asa; Congressman 1815-17; 
born Pomfret. Conn.. Dec. 31, 1763; 
died April 4. ISil; graduated Dartmouth 
1790; preached at Sunderland. Mass., 
nearly a year; soon after appeared at 
Grand Isle, which was originally united 
with North and South Hero in one town 
under the name of the Two Heroes. Here 
he organized the first Congregational 
Church, serving as its minister forty 
years, his services for the most part be- 
ing gratuitous. He was also the fore- 
most public man of the community and 
its political leader; represented South 
Hero in the Legislature 1799 until 1803; 
1804-7, and in 1808 until he entered the 
council ; represented Grand Isle in the 
Senate 1812-15, when he was elected to 
Congress. Was chief judge of County 
Court 1805, '06, '08, and 1813. A Fed- 
eralist ; led the opposition to Governor 
Galusha in the Legislature of 1811. 

MARSH. Charles; Congressman 1815- 
17; born Lebanon, Conn., July 10, 1765; 
son of Lieut-Goy. Joseph Marsh ; came 
to Hartford 1773; graduated from Dart- 
mouth 1786; took a course in the law 
school of Judge Reeves at Litchfield, 
Conn., and practiced at Woodstock; in 
17.97 appointed by President Washington 
district attorney for the district of Ver- 
mont; elected to Congress 1814, serving 
one term; one of the founders of the 
American Colonization Society; chosen 
one of the board of trustees of Dartmouth 
College in 1809. continuing until his 
death at Woodstock. Jan. 11, 1849. The 
degree of LL. D. was conferred on him 
by Dartmouth College. In 1793 he mar- 
ried Nancy Collins of Litchfield, Conn., 
and after her decease he married Susan, 
widow of Josiah Arnold of St. Johnsbury. 
TJiere were two children by the first wife 
and five by the second; one son, Lyndon 
.\rnold, was a lawyer at Woodstock and 
register of probate for the district; 
Charles, a lawyer, died at the age of 
twenty-seven, and Joseph was professor 
of theory and practice in the University 
of Vf-rmont. 

NO YES, JoHX; Congressman 1815- 
17; born Atkinson, N. H. ; graduated at 
Dartmouth 1795, and became a tutor 
there, among his pupils being Daniel 
Webster; engaged in theological study 
and fitted himself for the ministry, but 
gave it up and resumed teaching; in 1800 
moved to Brattleboro and engaged in 
trade with General Mann, the grandfather 
of the wife of Gen. Geo. B. McClellan. 
Mr. Noyes represented the town in the 
Legislature 1800-10, 1812, and in 1814 
was elected to Congress, serving one 
term; removed to Dummerston, where he 
lived four years, then retired to a farm 
in Putney where he died Oct. 26, 1841. 
He wedded, in 1804, Polly, the oldest 
daughter of Rutherford Hayes, the 
grandfather of the President. 

ALLEN, Hemax; Congressman 1817- 
18; "Chili" Allen, as he was called to dis- 
tinguish him from his distant relative, 
Heman Allen of Milton, who was also in 
Congress, was born at Poultney in 1779^ 
son of Heber Allen and nephew of Ethan 
and Ira, both at Poultney in 1779- Fol- 
lowing his father's death he was adopted 
by his uncle Ira at Colchester, given a 
good education and graduated from Dart- 
mouth 1 795 ; adopted the profession of 
law, but did not practice; sheriff of Chit- 
tenden County 1808-9; chief justice of 
Chittenden County 1811-14; active mem- 
ber of the Legislature 1812-17; was quar- 
termaster of militia, with title of brig- 
adier, and a trustee of the University of 
Vermont. Elected representative to 
Congress in 1817, but resigned in 1818 
to accept from President Monroe the of- 
fice of U. S. Marshal for the district of 
Vermont ; in 1 823 appointed minister to 
Chili, resigning 1828; in 1830 appointed 
president of the U. S. Branch Bank at 
Burlington, which he held until the ex- 
jiiration of its charter, after which he set- 
tled at Highgate where he died April 9, 
1852, being buried in the Allen cemetery 
at Burlington. 

HUNTER, William; Congressman 

1817-19; born in — . Vermont; 

member of the Legislature 1807, 1809; 
state councilor 1809, 1814, 1815; elected 
representative to Congress, serving from 
Dec. 1, 1817, to March 3, 181.9, 




MERRILL, Orasmus C; Congressman 
1817-19; born Farmington, Conn., June 
IS, 1775; came to Bennington April, 
1791. and apprenticed to Anthony Has- 
weU, a printer; engaged in business for 
himself, his first printed book being Web- 
ster's spelling book; studied law and ad- 
mitted to the bar June, 1804; major L". 
S. infantry March 3. 1813; lieutenant- 
colonel •26th infantry as rifleman. Sept. 4, 
1814; transferred to 11th infantry as 
lieutenant-colonel Sept. 26, 1814; register 
of probate 1815; clerk of the courts 1818; 
member of Congress 1817-19; repre- 
sented Bennington in constitutional con- 
vention and Legislature 1822; judge pro- 
bate court 1822. 1841. 1846; states at- 
torney 1823-4; councilor 1824-6. and 
member first state senate; also post- 
master several years. Was defeated for 
re-election to Congress 1818 by R. C. 
Mallory; died April 12. 1865. " The late 
Timothy Merrill of Montpelier was his 

RICHARDS. Mark; Congressman 
1817-21; born Waterbur^-, Conn., July 
15. 176O; a soldier of the Revolution at 
age of sixteen, in service at Stony Point. 
Monmouth. Red Bank and Valley Forge; 
settled in Boston and became wealthy in 
mercantile pursuits ; moved to West- 
minster in 1 796 : represented the town in 
Legislature 1801. 1802, 1804, 1805; 
sheriff Windham County 1806-10; in gov- 
ernor's council 1813-15; elected to Con- 
gress 181 6, serving two terms; repre- 
sented his town 1824-6. 1828; lieutenant- 
governor 1830-1. on the ticket with Gov- 
ernor Crafts. Again in the Legislature 
1832-4. He died at Westminster, Aug. 
10, 1844, aged eighty-four. 

MEECH, Ezra; Congressman 1819- 
21, 1825-7; born Xew London. Conn.. 
July 26, 1773, and came with his father 
to Hinesburg 1785. A hunter and trap- 
per, he branched out into the fur trade, 
became associated with John Jacob As- 
tor in it, and in 1 8O6 became agent of the 
Xorthwest Fur Co.; in 1809 '^vas agent 
for supplying the British government 
with spars and timber; in 1795 opened a 
store at Charlotte Four Corners; pur- 
chased a farm in I8O6 on the lake shore 
in Shelburne, opened a store there and 
continued in fur trade ; engaged in manu- 
facture of potash and in 1808 in oak lum- 

ber which he shipped to Quebec. Elected 
to the Legislature 1805-7; chief justice 
Chittenden County court 1822-3; mem- 
ber constitutional conventions 1820-6; 
elected to Congress 1818, and again in 
1824. His candidacies for governor 
were during the period that the state 
was swept by anti-Masonry, and it was 
under his leadership that the skeleton of 
a Democratic organization was preserved ; 
but before 1840 he became a Whig. He 
was twice married, in 18C0 to Mary Mc- 
Neil, who died while he was in Congress, 
and subsequently to Mrs. L. X. Clark. 
He died at Shelburne, Sept. 23, 1856, 
aged eighty-three. 

MALLORY, RoLLix Carlos; Con- 
gressman 1819-31; born Cheshire, Conn.. 
May 27, 1784; graduated from Middle- 
bury 1805; studied law with Horatio 
Seymour at Middlebury and Robert 
Temple at Rutland, and settled at Castle- 
ton in I8O6; taught one year; admitted 
to the bar 1807 and practiced till 1818. 
when he moved to Poultney. Was sec- 
retary of the governor and council 1807. 
1809-12, 1815-19; states attorney for 
Rutland County 1811-13, and "18I6: 
elected to Congress 1818, serving until 
1831, becoming a leader among protec- 
tionists ; was chairman of committee on 
manufactures that reported the tariff of 
1828 — a "tariff' of abominations," as the 
Democrats called it. that led to South 
Carolina's act of nullification. This tar- 
iff' was projected at first in the interest 
of the M'oolen manufacturers, but ended 
in including all the manufacturing inter- 
ests. His sudden death at Baltimore. 
Md.. April 15, 1831, cut short a career 
which promised to be continent-wide, and 
hardly second to that of Clay, Webster 
and Hayne, in the great economic 
struggle ushered in by the 1828 tariff. 

KEYES, Elias; Congressman 1821-3; 
a native of Ashford, Conn., was one of 
the first settlers of Stockbridge, whitler 
he came in 1784 or '85. He represented 
the town sixteen years, and was in the 
governor's council fourteen years, from 
1803 to 1818, except the one term of 
1814; assistant judge Windham County 
court. 1806-14; chief judge 1815-17: 
member constitutional convention 1814, 
and in Congress 1821-3. 




WHITE. Phixeas; Congressman 1821- 
3; a native of South Hadley, Mass.; 
born Oct. 30, 1770; graduated from 
Dartmouth 1797; studied law with 
Charles Marsh at Woodstock and Judge 
Samuel Porter at Dummerston; began 
practice at Putney 1800; postmaster 
180-2-9: register of probate 1800-9; 
states attorney 1813; represented his 
town 181O--20; judge of probate several 
years, and chief judge of the county 
1818-20. or imtil elected to Congress. On 
his return he gave up law and took up 
farming; member constitutional conven- 
tion 1836; state senator 1838-40, and 
prominent in ^lasonry. being grand mas- 
ter of the grand lodge of the state. He 
died at Putney, July 6, 1847, aged sev- 
entv-six. His wife, Esther, whom he 
married July 1, 1801, survived him for 
nine years. 

BUCK, Daniel Azro A., son of the 
former, also speaker in Congress, was born 
in Norwich, Jan. l6, 1789; graduated 
from Middlebury College 1807; student 
at Military Academy at West Point; com- 
missioned a lieutenant in the army in 
1808; resigned in 1811 and studied law; 
in 1813 raised a company of rangers and 
served until 1815, becoming captain of 
the 21st Regiment in the U. S. army; 
practiced law at Chelsea; member of the 
Legislature l6 years, 12 years as speaker, 
a length of service equalled only by Gid- 
eon Olin and James L. Martin in the 
whole history of the state; states at- 
torney for Washington County six years; 
presidential elector 1820; represented 
Vermont in Congress 1822 and 1826; 
died at Washington, D. C, Dec. 24, 1841. 

OLIN', Henry; Congressman 1824-5; 
born Salisbury, May 6, 1768; son of 
Ju-stice and Sarah (Dwinell) Olin, and 
nephew of the distinguished patriot, 
Gideon Olin. Settled in Leicester 1788; 
represented his town in the Legislature 
17.99 and re-elected, except for four 
years, until 1825, and to the council in 
1820 and 1821. This twenty-three 
rears of legislative service was matched 
by a .similar period on the bench. As- 
sistant judge of county court when 
twenty-three years old. holding place 
eight years; then cliiff judge for fifteen 
years more. In 1824 elected to Con- 
gress to fill unexpired tfrm of Cliarhs 

Rich: lieutenant-governor 1827-30; mem- 
ber constitutional conventions of 1814, 
'22 and '28. He died at Salisbury in 
August. 1837, having moved there the 
previous spring. 

WALES, George E., Congressman 
1825-9; born Westminster, May 13, 1792; 
studied law at Westminster and Wood- 
stock, admitted to bar in 1812, and set- 
tled at Hartford that year; represented 
Hartford in the Legislature 1822-4; 
elected speaker in his first term on the 
resignation of D. Azro A. Buck, holding 
the position as long as he was in the 
house. A nomination to Congress fol- 
lowed these triumphs, and he was elected 
in 1825 and in 1829. His habits of 
dissipation and prominence in Masonry, 
being grand master in 1825-7, wrecked 
his political career; he was judge of pro- 
bate 1847-50, and town clerk 1840 un- 
til his death at Hartford, Jan. 8, I860. 
His wife was Amanda Lathrop of Shar- 
on, by whom he had seven children. 

ALLEN, Heman, of Milton; Con- 
gressman 1827-9, 1832-9; born Ashfield, 
Mass., June 14, 1777; the son of Enoch 
Allen. On his mother's side he de- 
scended from Elijah Belding, first town 
clerk of Deerfield. An orphan at 
twelve, the family came to Grand Isle 
where two of his uncles had preceded 
him. Heman remaining behind two years 
for a course of study at Chesterfield, N. 
H.: at Grand Isle he studied with Rev. 
Asa Lyon; read law with Elnathan Keyes 
at Burlington and Judge Turner at Fair- 
field, and opened a law office at Milton, 
where he won a high reputation as the 
best real estate lawyer in the circuit. He 
represented Milton in the Legislature 
1810, and for eleven years thereafter 
whenever he would be a candidate; was 
Milton's earliest lawyer and a man uni- 
versally admired. Was first nominated 
for Congress in 1826, serving only one 
term, but again elected in 1832 and three 
times thereafter, and several times a col- 
Ic.'igue of his namesake of Colchester in 
the Legislature. Dec. 4, 1804, he mar- 
ried Sarah, daughter of Dr. John Pren- 
tiss of St. Albans; they had nine children, 
of whom five lived to maturity: George 
became professor of Latin and Greek in 
the L'niversity of Pennsylvania; Joseph 
^^'. became a lawyer, and Sarah was the 




wife of Rev. J. R. Converse. He died ing the rights of the Indians. 
Dec. 11, 1844. at Windsor, Jan. 80, 18.31. 

He died 

HUNT, Jonathan ; Congressman 
1827-32; born Aug 12, 1780; son of 
Jonathan and Lavina (Swan) Hunt; 
graduated from Dartmouth 1807, stud- 
ied law at Brattleboro and was admitted 
to the Windham County Bar, He prac- 
ticed at Brattleboro; was first }Dresident 
of the old Brattleboro Bank in 1821. hold- 
ing the position through life. He rep- 
resented the town in 1816-17, and 1824; 
succeeded Wm. C. Bradley in Congress 
1 824, and w^as twice re-elected, holding 
the office until his death in Washington, 
May, 15, 1832. He married Jane Maria 
Leavitt; among their five children being 
Wm. ]Morris Hunt, the artist of world- 
wide renown, and Richard M. Hunt, the 
New York architect. 

C AHOON, William ; Congressman 
1827-33; born Providence, R. I., in 1774; 
son of Daniel Cahoon and brother of 
Daniel Cahoon, Jr., the first settler of 
Lyndon. He succeeded his father as 
town clerk of Lyndon in 1808 and held 
it interruptedly until elected to Congress; 
elected town representative 1802 and re- 
elected eight times ; delegate to the consti- 
tutional conventions of 1814 and 1828; 
presidential elector 1808, and judge of 
Caledonia County court 1811-19, and 
councilor 1815-20. Was for many years 
one of the most influential Democratic 
leaders of the state, and one of the can- 
didates for councilor counted out in 1813. 
He obtained the title of general in the 
militia and was commander of the fourth 
division at the time of the war of 1812, 
v.ith the rank of major-general. 

EVERETT, Horace; Congressman 
1829-43; born in Vermont in 1780; grad- 
uated from Brown Lniversity 1797; 
studied law" and practiced at Windsor; 
was states attorney for Windsor county 
1813-17; represented Windsor in Legis- 
lature 1819, 1820, 1822, 1824, 1834. and 
member state constitutional convention of 
1828, and in that year was elected to 
Congress as a Whig, defeating George E. 
Wales; was re-elected to 23rd, 24th, 25th, 
26th and 27th Congresses, serving from 
Dec. 7, 1829,, to March 3, 1843. His 
chief fame in Congress was in advocat- 

DEMIXG, Bexjamix F.; Congress- 
man 1833-5; born Danville, in 1790; be- 
gan life as clerk in a store and then a 
merchant at Danville; countj'- clerk six- 
teen years, 1817-32; judge of probate 
1821-32; and councilor 1827-33; elected 
to Congress 1833, serving one term. He 
died while on his way home, at Sara- 
toga Springs, N. Y., Juh' 11, 1834, aged 

JANES, Henry F.; Congressman 
1835-7; born Brimfield, Mass., in Oc- 
tober. 1792; son of Solomon and Beulah 
(Fisk) Janes. The family early came 
to Calais, and he studied law at Mont- 
pelier, enlisted in a company and was in 
the battle of Plattsburg in the war of 
1812, and settled in Waterbury for the 
practice of his profession. Was postmas- 
ter 1820-9; councilor 1830-4; elected to 
Congress for one term; state treasurer 
1838-41; member of the council of cen- 
sors 1848, and represented Waterbury 
several terms in the Legislature, his last 
election being in 1855. In 1826 he mar- 
ried Fanny, daughter of Gov. Ezra But- 
ler; and Dr. Henry Janes of Waterbury, 
a distinguished physician and war sur- 
geon, was their son. He died June 6, 

FLETCHER, Isaac; Congressman 
1837-41; a native of ^Massachusetts, born 
1784, and a graduate from Dartmouth. 
Studied law and began practice at Lyn- 
don, literally wearing himself out with 
overwork. Represented Lyndon four 
years ; was states attorney eight years, 
and adjutant-general on the staff of Gov- 
ernor Van Ness. His health failed ere 
he got far in his congressional service, 
and he died in October. 1842. 

SMITH, John; Congressman 1839- 
41; born Barre, Mass., Aug. 12, 1879; 
son of Deacon Samuel Smith. The fam- 
ily moved to St. Albans in 1800, where 
lie studied law with his brother-in-law, 
Roswell Hutchins. and tlien with Benja- 
min Swift, was admitted to the bar in 
1810. forming a partnership with Mr. 
Swift which continued seventeen years, 
until Mr. Swift went to Congress. He 




represented the town in the Legislature 
18-27-38. with the exception of 1834, and 
was speaker in ■3'2 and '3S; was states 
attorney seven years. 1827-33. In 1838 
elected as a Democrat to Congress, but 
for only one term, the district being over- 
whelmingly Whig, the great political 
storm of 1840 leaving him outside the 
breastworks. After 1845 he gave his 
time and energy to railroad enterprises, 
and it was largely to his boldness of ac- 
tion that the Vermont & Canada road was 
made a reality and the last link forged 
that was to connect New England with 
the great lakes ; but the strain and anxiety 
undermined his health and led to his sud- 
den death, Nov. 20, 1858. He married, 
Sept. 18, 1814, Miss Maria W. Curtis of 
Troy, X. Y., and Gov. John Gregory and 
Congressman Worthington C. Smith were 
their sons. 

YOUNG, Augustus; Congressman 
1841-3; born Arlington, March 20, 1785; 
studied law and was admitted to the bar 
at St. Albans 1810; began practice at 
Stowe, then moved to Craftsbury where 
his active life was spent; represented the 
town eight years ; states attorney for 
Orleans County four years; judge of pro- 
bate 1830; state senator three terms; 
elected to Congress 1840, but declined re- 
election; returned to St. Albans 1847, and 
for several years was judge of probate, 
but devoted most of his time until his 
death. June 17, 1857, to literary and sci- 
entific pursuits, and was state naturalist 
in 1856'. 

MARSH, George Perkins; Congress- 
man 1843-9; son of Congressman Charles 
Marsh and grandson of the lieutenant- 
governor, a lawyer, diplomat, philologist 
and of world-wide fame as an author and 
scholar, was perhaps the most broadly ac- 
complished man the state ever produced. 
He was born March 15, 1801, graduated 
at Dartmouth 1820, studied law in his 
father's office, admitted to the bar, and 
settled at Burlingtr)n. In 1835 a mem- 
ber of the governor's council, in 1842 
elected to Congress, continuing until 
ISiO; was minister to Turkey, where he 
rendered important service to the cause 
of religious and civil toleration in the 
Turkish empire; in 1852 was charged 
with a special mission to Greece, which 
he fillf-d with added reputation. In 1853 

he was relieved and returned to Vermont 
and was appointed one of the commis- 
sioners to rebuild the present state house 
at Montpelier, and, in 1857, he was ap- 
pointed railroad commissioner, serving 
two years. In 1861 President Lincoln 
appointed him minister to Italy, which po- 
sition he held twenty-one years until his 
death, in Valombrosa, not far from Flor- 
ence, July 23, 1882. During his resi- 
dence abroad he traveled extensively in 
the East and in Europe, passing some time 
in Denmark, Sweden and Norway, where 
he had long been recognized as a leading 
Scandinavian scholar. His library, one 
of the finest in the country, rich beyond 
compare in Scandinavian literature, he 
presented to the University of Vermont, 
of whose corporation he was chosen a 
member in 1844. Mr. Marsh was twice 
married, first to Harriet, daughter of 
Ozias Buell of Burlingion; second, to 
Caroline Crane of Berkley, Mass., a 
woman of literary power and an author 
of some reputation. 

HENRY, William; Congressman 
1847-51; born in New Hampshire in 
1788; received a common school educa- 
tion, moved to Bellows Falls, where he 
was cashier of the Bank of Bellows Falls 
for fifteen years, and held various sta- 
tions in jDublic life; was a member of the 
Harrisburg convention in 1839 which 
nominated General Harrison and a presi- 
dential elector in 1840. In 1846 he was 
elected to the House of Representatives 
and re-elected two terms. In I860 again 
a presidential elector, visiting Mr. Lin- 
coln at his Illinois home. Mr. Henry 
died at Bellows Falls April 17, 1861. 

PECK, Lucius; Congressman 1847-51; 
borft "Waterbury in October, 1 802 ; the 
son of Gen. John Peck. Was a cadet 
at West Point 1 822, but resigned after, a 
year's study, entering upon the study of 
law first with Judge Prentiss at Mont- 
pelier, and then with Dennison Smith at 
Barre, and was admitted to the bar 1825; 
r(;j)resented Barre in 1831, but soon after 
moved to Montpelier. In 1 846 the Dem- 
ocrats nominated him for Congress and 
elected him, and re-elected him in 1848; 
was also twice the Democratic candidate 
for governor; U. S. district attorney 
1853-7, by appointment of President 
Pierce. In partnership with Hon. B. F. 




Fifield, he resumed his professional prac- 
tice, being especially jDotent in railroad 
litigation ; was president of Vermont & 
Canada road until his death in Lowell, 
Mass., Dec. 28, 1866. In 1830 he mar- 
ried a daughter of Ira Day of Barre, who 
died in 1845. 

HEBARD, William; Congressman 
1849-53; read law with Wm. Nutting at 
Randolph, admitted to bar 1827; married 
Elizabeth Stockwell (Brown) Sept. 12, 
1830; practiced law at East Randolph, 
but moved to Chelsea in 1845, remaining 
until his death, Oct. 20, 1875. Repre- 
sented Randolph four years and Chelsea 
five years in the Legislature; state sen- 
ator 1836-8; states attorney 1832-6; 
judge of probate 1838-41; judge of su- 
preme court 1842-4. In 1848 was elected 
to Congress, and agaiji in 1850; delegate 
to national Republican convention I860, 
which named Mr. Lincoln for president. 

MEACHAM, James; Congressman 
1849-56; born Rutland, Aug. 10, 1810; 
left an orphan he was educated by a 
benevolent neighbor and graduated from 
Middlebury College 1832; studied the- 
ology at Andover, and was settled as pas- 
tor of the Congregational Church at New 
Haven 1838, having previously taught in 
academies at Castleton and St. Albans, 
and for two years, 1836-8, been a tutor at 
jSIiddlebury. In 1846 returned to col- 
lege as professor of elocution and Eng- 
lish literature; in 1848 elected to Con- 
gress, serving four terms, and had been 
nominated for the fifth term at the time 
^i his death, Aug. 25, 1856. 

MINER, Ahiman L. ; Congressman 
1851-3; born Middletown, Sept. 23, 1804; 
son of Deacon Gideon and Rachel (Dav- 
ison) Miner; worked on his father's 
farm until of age; fitted for college, but 
studied law instead, and was admitted to 
the bar in 1832; practiced for two years 
at Wallingford, then moved to Manches- 
ter; represented that town four years in 
the Legislature, and county senator 1840; 
clerk of House of Representatives 
1836-8; states attorney for Bennington 
County 1 843-4 ; register of probate seven 
years and judge of probate three years 
1846-9; obtained his nomination for Con- 
gress in 1851 after a hard fought pre- 
convention contest. Col. Calvin Townslev 

opposing him. He was twice married 
and had eight children; he died July 19, 


BARTLETT, Thomas, Jr.; Congress- 
man 1851-3; a native of Burke, the son 
of Thomas Bartlett, a man of ability and 
local 2^rominence. Young Bartlett stud- 
ied law and settled in Lyndon in 1839; 
was states attorney 1841-2; member 
state senate 1840-1, and in 1850 elected 
to Congress for a single term. Was the 
town's representative 1854-5; member 
constitutional conventions of 1850 and 
1857, presiding over the former body. 

TRACY, Andrew; Congressman 1853- 
5; born Hartford, Dec. 15, 1797; son of 
James and ^Nlercy (Richmond) Tracy; 
fitted for college at Royalton and Ran- 
dolph academies, and was for two years 
at Dartmouth; taught school at Troy, N. 
Y., two years ; studied law in office of 
Geo. E. Wales; admitted to the bar 1826, 
and began practice at Quechee; in 1838 
moved to Woodstock and formed partner- 
ship with Norman Williams that lasted 
until 1839, when Mr. Williams became 
county clerk; in partnership with Julius 
Converse until 1849, then with Converse 
and James Barrett, which lasted until he 
went to Congress. Represented Hart- 
ford in Legislature 1833-7; a state sen- 
ator from Woodstock 1839-40. Defeated 
for nomination to Congress in 1840 by 
Horace Everett; represented Woodstock 
in Legislature 1842, and was made 
speaker, continuing to 1844; in 1850 
elected to Congress as a Whig, but de- 
clined re-election. He died at Wood- 
stock, Oct. 28, 1868. 

SABIN, Alvah; Congressman 1853- 
7; born Georgia, Oct. 23, 1793; son of 
Benjamin and Polly (McMaster) Sabin; 
graduated at Columbia College, Washing- 
ton, D. C; educated for the ministry, and 
preached at Cambridge. Westfield and 
Underbill until he settled at Georgia in 
1825, where he remained until 1867 when 
he removed to Syracuse. 111. Was ten 
times his town's representative in the Leg- 
islature, and when nearly seventy years 
old was prominent in war legislation; 
three times county senator, 1841-5; sec- 
retary of state 1841; elected to Congress 
1852* and 1854. 




HODGES. George T.; Congressman 
1856-7; born Clarendon. July 4, 1789; 
son of Dr. Silas Hodges, a surgeon in the 
Revolutionary army and for some time in 
the military family of General Washing- 
ton; took a partial course in college, but 
abandoned it for a business career and 
Avas a merchant at Rutland for many 
years and until his death; served repeat- 
edly in both houses of the Legislature; 
on the death of Hon. James Meacham, 
representative to Congress, in 1856, was 
chosen to fill the vacancy. He died at 
Rutland Sept. 9, I860. 

WALTOX\ Eliakim P.; Congressman 
1857-63; born Montpelier, Feb. 17, 1812; 
son of Gen. E. P. and Prussia (Parsons) 
Walton ; educated in the public schools 
of Montpelier; learned the printer's trade 
in his father's office; studied law with 
Samuel and S. B. Prentiss when the for- 
mer was U. S. senator. When twenty- 
one, in 1833, was taken into partnership 
with his father in the publication of the 
Vermont Watchman and State Journal ; 
soon the main editorial work fell upon 
him. and for thirty years, except while in 
Congress, was constantly in the editorial 
harness. He established the first ex- 
clusively legislative newsjiaper, which 
soon expanded into a daily. Early in the 
civil war he started a daily, with cor- 
respondents in every Vermont regiment 
at the front and in this way gathered and 
preserved much historical data of price- 
less value. Represented Montpelier in 
the Legislature 1853, and three years 
later elected to Congress, and re-elected 
in 1858 and I860. He returned to pri- 
vate life, continued in charge of the 
^^'atchman until 1 868, when he sold it 
to J. & J. >L Poland, but continued to 
write as long as he lived. Was member 
constitutional convention of 1870 and 
senator from Washington County 187<t-8; 
was three times a delegate to national 
conventions; president Vermont Histor- 
ical .Society from the retirement of Rev. 
Dr. Lord in 1876, and of the Vermont 
Editors' and Publishers' Association from 
its organization until 1881. He was 
twice marrifd. first to Sarah Sophia 
Howes of Montpelier, who died Sept. 3, 
1880; and Oct. 19, 1882, he married Mrs. 
Clara P. I'ifld of Columbus O. Mr. 
Walton died Dec. 19, 1890. 

ROYCE, Homer Elihu, St. Albans. 
Lawyer and jurist. Born East Berkshire, 
June 14, 1819; died St. Albans, April 24, 
1891 ; son of Elihu Marvin and Sophronia 
(Parker) Royce. Educated at the acade- 
mies of Enosburg and St. Albans; re- 
ceived from University of Vermont degree 
A. M. 1851, and LL.' D. 1882. In 1851 
married Mary T. Edmunds of Boston, 
Mass.; they had three children, Stephen 
Edmunds, Homer Charles, and Mary Lou- 
ise. Admitted to Vermont Bar 1844; prac- 
ticed at East Berkshire till 1870, when he 
removed to St. Albans ; states attorney 
for Franklin County 1846-7; judge of the 
Supreme Court of Vermont 1870-91; 
chief judge 1880-91. Was a Republican; 
represented Berkshire in the Legislature 
1 846 ; served as chairman of the railroad 
committee; represented Franklin County 
in the state Senate 1849-51, and again in 
1861 and 1868; Republican representative 
in the 35th and 36th Congresses, 1857-61. 
In religious preference an Episcopalian. 

BAXTER, PoRTUs; Congressman 1861- 
5; born Brownington in 1806; liberally 
educated at Norwich University, and en- 
gaged in business at Derby in 1828; re- 
peatedly refused election as town repre- 
sentative, and twice could have had nom- 
ination to Congress; in 1852 headed the 
Scott electoral ticket in Vermont, and in 
1856 that of the young Republican party 
for Fremont. In I860 accepted a nom- 
ination to Congress, beginning services 
with the opening of the rebellion and con- 
tinuing until 1866, when he declined an- 
other election. He married Ellen Jan- 
nette Harris of Strafford in 1832. Mr.' 
Baxter died at Washington, D. C, March 
4, 1868. 

WOODBRIDGE, Frederick E.; Con- 
gressman 1863-9; born Vergennes, Aug. 
29, 1818; son of Hon. E. D. Woodbridge; 
graduated at the University of Vermont 
J81'0; studied law with his father and 
was admitted and practiced at Vergennes ; 
represented Vergennes in Legislature 
1849, 1857, 1858; repeatedly mayor of 
Vergennes; state auditor 1851-2; states 
attorney 1854-8; state senator 1860-1; 
elected r(;pr(;scntative from Vermont in 
the 38th Congress as a Rej)ul)lican, and 
twice re-elected. He died at Vergennes, 
April 25, 1888. 




SMITH, WoRTHiNGTON C; Congress- 
man 1 86*7-73 ; son of Hon. John and 
Maria (Curtis) Smithy and brother of 
Gov. John Gregory Smith, was born at 
Barre, Mass., Aug 12, 1789; graduated 
from University of Vermont 1 843 ; stud- 
ied law while in his father's office, but em- 
barked in the iron trade in 1845 carry- 
ing it on until I860, when he leased the 
works known as the St. Albans Foundry 
until 1878, when he assumed its manage- 
ment again. Was largeh^ identified with 
the railroading of the state; director for 
several 3'ears and afterwards president of 
Vermont and Canada ; a trustee and man- 
ager of Vermont Central and leased lines 
1 870-3 ; then vice-president for three 
years of the Central Vermont, and after 
1872 president and manager of Missis- 
quoi road. A Democrat up to the war; 
helped raise and equip the Ransom 
Guards; represented St. Albans in the 
Legislature 1863; state senator 1864-5, 
and president pro tem. ; elected to Con- 
gress in 1866, 1868 and 1870. In 1850 
married Catherine JNI. Walworth of 
Plattsburg, N. Y., by whom he had seven 
children. He died Jan. 2, 1894. 

WILLARD, Charles W. ; Congress- 
man 1869-75; born Lyndon, June 18, 
1827; son of Josiah and Abigail (Car- 
penter) Willard. Graduated from Dart- 
mouth 1851; studied law with Peck & 
Colby, Montpelier; admitted to bar 1853; 
secretary of state 1855 and 1856; state 
senator I860 and '6I ; when he became 
editor and proprietor of the Green 
Mountain Freeman at Montpelier, build- 
ing it up to be one of the most influential 
papers of the state; editor Milwaukee 
(Wis.) Sentinel 1865-6; elected to Con- 
gress from Vermont 1868, and twice re- 
elected ; commissioner to revise the stat- 
utes 1879- He married in 1855 Emily 
Doane; they had four children, ]\Iary, 
Ashton R., Eliza ^lay, and Charles Wes- 
ley. He died at Montpelier, June 7, 

DENISON, Dudley C. ; Congress- 
man 1875-9; born Royalton, Sept. 13, 
1819; son of Joseph A. and Rachael 
(Chase) Denison; graduated from L'ni- 
versity of Vermont 1 840 ; admitted to the 
bar 1 845 ; practiced at Royalton, having 
his oldest son, J. D. Denison, for a part- 
ner after 1870. Was countv senator 

1853-54; states attorney 1858-60; rep- 
resented Royalton in Legislature 1861-3; 
U. S. district attorney for Vermont 
1 864-9. There was no election to Con- 
gress in September, 1874, and on the sec- 
ond trial in November, Denison won out 
b}' a coalition of Democrats with the dis- 
satisfied Republicans and re-elected for a 
second term in 1876. He married, in 
1846, Eunice Dunbar of Hartland, who 
bore him seven children. He died at 

JOYCE, Charles H., of Rutland, son 
of Charles and Martha E. (Grist) Joyce, 
was born in Wherwell, England, Jan. 30, 
1830. He came to this country with his 
parents in 1836, and settled in Waitsfield; 
worked on a farm and attended the dis- 
trict school, winters, until he was eighteen 
years old, when he left the farm and com- 
pleted his education at the Waitsfield and 
Northfield Academies and at Newbury 
Seminary. He was a page in the Ver- 
mont House of Representatives three ses- 
sions, assistant librarian one year, and li- 
brarian one year. He taught school sev- 
eral terms, at the same time pursuing his 
legal studies under Hon. F. F. Merrill 
of Montpelier, and the late Col. F. V. 
Randall of Northfield. He was admitted 
to the Bar of Washington County in 1852, 
and commenced the practice of law at 
Northfield in 1855. In 1856 was elected 
states attorney of Washington County and 
re-elected in 1857. In I86I he was ap- 
pointed major of the 2T^d Regiment Ver- 
mont Volunteer Infantry, the first three 
years' regiment to leave the state, and in 
June following he was promoted to lieu- 
tenant-colonel in the same regiment. He 
fought with his regiment from Bull 
Run to Fredericksburg. In January, 
1863, he was compelled to resign his com- 
mission on account of a severe disabilit}' 
contracted during the campaign of I86I, 
removed to Rutland and resumed the prac- 
tice of his profession. A Republican; rep- 
resented Rutland in the Legislature 1869 
and 1870, beins speaker of the House 
the latter year; represented his district 
in Congress 1874-80. He was married 
Feb. 21. 1853, to Rouene ]\I orris Ran- 
dall of Northfield. 

BARLOW, Bradley; Congressman 
1879-81; born Fairfield. May 12, 1814; 
son of Col. Bradley and Deborah (Sher- 



man) Barlow; educated in the common 
schools; was clerk in a store in Phila- 
delphia, then succeeded his father in 
business at Fairfield, until he moved to 
St. Albans, in 1857, to become cashier 
of the bank there, later becoming presi- 
dent. In 1S60 became interested in the 
overland stage business of the West, con- 
tinuing twenty years and retiring with a 
fortune. Returning to Vermont he put 
$40,000 into the Welden House, St. Al- 
bans, and was largely interested in the 
Southeastern Railway of Canada and 
Northern Vermont, but at a critical time 
he was forced to the wall, drawing his 
bank down with him. Represented Fair- 
field in the Legislature 1845, '50, '51, and 
'5'2, and St. Albans in 1864 and '65; 
member state senate 1866 and '68; the 
constitutional conventions of 1843, '50, 
and '57. A Democrat up to the war, 
then a Republican ; was county treasurer 
I860 to '67; director and president Ver- 
mont and Canada R. R. and director of 
Central Vermont and other companies. 
In 1878 he was ambitious to go to Con- 
gress, but Gen. W. W. Grout received the 
nomination; a bolt was organized, and a 
convention held to endorse the nomina- 
tion which had been given him by the 
Greenbackers, the bulk of the Democrats 
aiding in his support. Grout's election 
was defeated at the first trial, and Bar- 
low was easily elected at the second, serv- 
ing only one term. In 1837 married 
Caroline Farnsworth of Fairfax. He died 
Nov. 6, 1909. 

TYFER, James M., Brattleboro. Jurist. 
Born Wilmington, April 27, 1835; son of 
Ephraim and Mary (Bissell) Tyler. Edu- 
cated at Brattleboro Academy and Albany 
Law .School. In I86I married Ellen E. 
Richardson of Brattleboro; she died in 
1872; in 1875 married Jane P. Miles of 
Brattleboro. Admitted to Bar September, 
I860; at once formed partnershij) with 
Gen. .Stephen P. Flagg of Wilmington, 
wliicli continued four years; then became 
law partner of Hon. Charles K. Field of 
Brattleboro, which partnership continued 
until Mr. Field's death in 1880. Judge 
Tyler is a Republican; represented Wil- 
mington in the Legislature 1863-64, and 
in sj)fcial session 1865; states attorney 
for Windham County in 1866 1867; mem- 
})«r of Congress from second V(riiK)nt dis- 

trict in 46th and 47th Congresses; judge 
of Supreme Court of Vermont from 1887 
to 19O8. In religious belief he is a Con- 

GROUT, William W. ; Congressman 
1881-3; born of American parents in 
Compton, P. Q., May 24, 1836; received 
a common school and academic education, 
and graduated at Poughkeepsie (N. Y.) 
Law School .1857; admitted to the Bar 
and settled at Barton. He early enlisted 
for the Civil War, was made captain and 
promoted to lieutenant-colonel of the 15th 
^'^ermont Regiment, which was attached to 
Stannard's brigade ; mustered out of serv- 
ice in August, 1863. In 1864 was placed 
in charge of the troops raised to guard 
the Canadian frontier and made a briga- 
dier-general. In 1865-6 states attorney 
of Orleans County; represented Barton in 
the Legislature 1868-74; in 1876 elected 
a state senator, and made president pro 
tem. ; in 1878 defeated for Congress by 
Bradley Barlow; elected to Congress in 
1880; was defeated for Congress in 1882 
by Judge Poland, but again elected in 
1884, serving in the 49th, 50th, 51st, 52d, 
and 53d Congresses. In I860 he married 
Loraine M. Smith, who died in 1868. 

POWERS, Horace Henry, Morris- 
ville. Congressman 1892-1900; born Mor- 
ristown. May 29, 1835; son of Horace 
and Love E. (Oilman) Powers. Prepara- 
tory education at People's Academy at 
Morrisville; graduated from University of 
Vermont 1855. In 1858 married Caroline 
E. Waterman of Morristown; they have 
two children, Carrie L. and George M. 
Taught school two years ; studied law at 
Morristown; Hyde Park, and admitted to 
the Bar 1858; practiced at Hyde Park 
until I862, when he formed a partnership 
with Hon. P. K. Gleed of Morrisville, 
continuing until 1874, when he was ele- 
vated to the bench of the supreme court 
of Vermont, serving imtil 1890, when he 
was elected to the 52d Congress; in 1892 
was chairman of the Vermont delegation 
to the national Republican convention, and 
was elected to the 53d Congress. Repre- 
sented Hyde Park in the Legislature 
1858; senator from Lamoille County 
1872; was states attorney 1861-2; in 1869 
was member of the last council of cen- 
sors; represented Morristown in Legis- 
1,'iturc 1874, being sjx'aker of the House. 




HASKINS, KiTTREDGE, Brattleboro. 
Lawyer. Born Dover^ April 8, 1836; 
son of Asaph and Amelia (Ward) Ras- 
kins. Educated at common schools and 
by private tutor. In I860 married Esther 
Maria Childs of Wilmington; they had 
one son, John Adna, born 186l, died 1863. 
Admitted to Bar April 14, 1858, and has 
practiced law ever since ; states attorney 
for Windham County, 1871-2; United 
States attorney for district of Vermont, 
October, 1880-July, 1887. Enlisted Aug. 
23, 1862, Company I, l6th Regiment Ver- 
mont Infantry, Civil W^ar; commissioned 
1st lieutenant Company I, Sept. 20, 1862; 
resigned on account of disabilities in- 
curred March 19, 1863; was post adju- 
tant to Col. E. H. Stoughton, brigade 
commander; also, during term of service, 
acting adjutant of regiment, and at one 
time acting quartermaster; appointed 
aide-de-camp, rank of colonel, by Gov. 
Peter T. Washburn in 1869- Is a Repub- 
lican ; represented Brattleboro in Legisla- 
ture 1872-3, 1896-7, 1898-9; Windham 
County in Senate, 1892-3; speaker of 
House at war session. May, 1898, and 
regular session, October, 1898; elected to 
Congress from Second Congressional Dis- 
trict, 1900, and continuously thereafter 
until March 4, 1909; elected justice of 
peace I86I, which office he has since held 
except while member of Congress. An 
Episcopalian ; vestryman and warden St. 
^Michael's Church, Brattleboro, nearly 50 
years ; delegate diocesan convention many 
years ; several times lay deputy to gen- 
eral convention. Was made master ]Ma- 
son May, 1857, and is member of all 
York and Scottish Rite bodies, having re- 
ceived the 33d degree; has held nearly all 
offices in subordinate bodies ; has been 
grand master, grand high priest and 
grand commander of state grand bodies 
and lieutenant commander Vermont Con- 
sistory. Is member of the Grange. 

FOSTER, David Johnson, Burling- 
ton. Congressman 1901-12. Born Barnet, 
June 27, 1857; died W^ashington. D. C, 
March 21, 1912. Son of Jacob Prentiss 
and jNIatilda (Cahoon) Foster. Gradu- 
ated from St. Johnsbury Academy 1876, 
and from Dartmouth College 1880. In 
1883 married Mabel M. Allen of Chelsea; 
they had three daughters, Mabel, Ma- 
thilde, and Mildred. Studied law and ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1883; practiced 

law in Burlington until 1901. A Repub- 
lican; states attorney for Chittenden 
County 1 886-90 ; senator from Chittenden 
County 1892-4; commissioner of state 
taxes 1 894-8; chairman board of railroad 
commissioners 1898-1900; elected Sep- 
tember, 1900, to succeed Hon. H. H. Pow- 
ers as member of Congress, serving con- 
tinuously from the beginning of the 57th 
Congress until his death. After the death 
of James Brock Perkins of New York, 
chairman of the House committee on for- 
eign affairs, in March, I9IO, was appoint- 
ed to the head of that committee. He 
long had been a profound student of the 
foreign and diplomatic relations of the 
United States and brought to the dis- 
charge of his duties as chairman of that 
important committee an exceptional equip- 
ment. He was active in promoting legis- 
lation looking to the improvement of the 
consular service, and was largely instru- 
mental in bringing about the rural free 
delivery mail service. His intimate 
knowledge of Latin-American affairs, 
gained through his committee work and 
personal observation of conditions in 
Mexico on the occasion of his visit to that 
countr}^ in 19IO, when he represented the 
United States at the celebration of its 
centennial, made him invaluable as chair- 
man of the committee on foreign affairs 
during the 6 1st Congress. An active sup- 
porter of President Taft's peace policy, 
he had discussed the peace movement from 
the public platform in all parts of the 
country, addressing large civic and com- 
mercial bodies and the students of the 
leading American colleges. He was chair- 
man of the delegation of the United States 
to the general assembly of the Interna- 
tional Institute of Agriculture at Rome in 
May, 1911. Attended St. Paul's Episco- 
pal Church, Burlington; member of Chit- 
tenden County and Vermont Bar associa- 
tions; Burlington Lodge No. 100, F. & 
A. ]\L; Order of Elks; the Algonquin and 
Ethan Allen Clubs. 

PLUMLEY, Frank, Northfield. Con- 
gressman since 1908. Born Eden, Dec. 
17, 1844; son of William and Eliza (Lit- 
tle) Plumley. Educated at the public 
schools, People's Academy at Morrisville; 
Colmery Seminary, Mcndota, 111.; law de- 
partment Michigan University, and by pri- 
vate tutor in German and Spanish, 
Honorary degree of A. M. conferred by 




Norwich University 1S9-2; LL. D. 1905; 
and LL. D. by University of Vermont 
1909. In 1871 married Lavina L. 
Fletcher of Eden; she died in 1906. They 
had two children. Charles Albert, and 
Theodora ^Liy. In early life and while 
a student engaged in teaching, studied law 
with Powers & Gleed. M orris ville, previ- 
ous to his course at Michigan University. 
Admitted to Vermont Bar 1869; settled 
at Xorthiield the same year, forming part- 
nership with Hon. Heman Carpenter 1870, 
which lasted six years; afterwards in 
partnership with C. M. Johnston, now of 
Detroit. ^linn., for two vears, and with 
Frank L. Bates (deceased) for more than 
a year; Dec. 1, 1903, formed partnership 
Avith his son, which still continues. Is 
lecturer on internationf^l law at Norwich 
University. Was umpire by appoint- 
ment of President Roosevelt in the mixed 
commissions of Great Britain- Venezuela, 
and Holland-Venezuela, at Caracas in 
1903, and by the selection of France and 
Venezuela at Northfield in 1905. Is a 
Republican; represented Northfield in the 
Legislature ISSt?. serving upon committee 
on tlie insane and the judiciary committee; 
senator from Washington County 189^, 
serving upon the judiciary committee and 
chairman of the joint committee on tem- 
perance, and was president pro-tem. 
Elected to the national House of Repre- 
sentatives from the Second District of 
Vermont 1908. and re-elected 191O. Mem- 
ber of Methodist Episcopal Church; stew- 
ard in the church, superintendent of Sun- 
day school for 20 years, and delegate from 
Vermont Conference to the General Con- 
ference at Los Angeles, Cal., I9OL Past 
master DeWitt Clinton Lodge No. 15, F. 
& A. M.; is an Odd Fellow; has been 
grand secretary and grand chief templar 
of the Independent Order of Good 
Templars, and twice delegate from Ver- 
mont to the National Grand Lodge. 

CiREENfL, Fr.vxk Lkster, St. Albans. 
Mtiiibrr of Congress. Born St. Albans, 
Feb. 10. 1870; son of Lester Bruce and 
Mnry Elizabeth (Hoadlcy) Greene. 
F>ducated in the public schools of Cleve- 
land. ()., and St. Albans 1876-83; hon- 
orary degree M. A. from Norwich Uni- 
versity I9O8. In I895 married Jessie 
Enuna Richardson of St. Albans; th(!y 

have three children, Richard Lester, Dor- 
othy, and Stuart. Left school at age of 
13; errand boy auditing department Cen- 
tral Vermont Railway 1883; studied 
shorthand in leisure hours; stenographer 
general freight department, 1884; chief 
clerk general freight department 1887; 
began newspaper work in odd hours out 
of regular employment 1888; correspond- 
ent Boston Globe and other papers; en- 
tered profession as occupation March 1, 
IS91 ; local reporter St. Albans Daily 
]\Iessenger; assistant editor, Jan. 1, 1892; 
editor, Sept. 18, 1899, and since. Served 
in Vermont National Guard Oct. 4, 1888, 
to 1900, rising from private to captain; 
recruited Co. B, 1st Infantry Vermont 
Volunteers war with Spain, and was mus- 
tered into United States, service as its 
captain; during war served for some time 
as adjutant-general third brigade, first 
division, third army corps; upon muster- 
out of regiment at close of war, while con- 
fined to bed by well-nigh fatal illness 
with typhoid fever contracted in the serv- 
ice, was commissioned senior aide-de- 
camp, with rank of colonel, on staff of 
Governor of Vermont. A Republican. 
Elected representative in Congress July 
30, 1912, to succeed the late David J. 
Foster; was for several years chair- 
man of Republican town committee ; 
secretary of Young Men's Republican 
Club of Vermont in the '90's and active 
in political movement it conducted for sev- 
eral years; delegate, etc., at county, dis- 
trict, and state conventions ; alternate 
delegate-at-large Republican national con- 
vention 1904; delegate-at-large. Repub- 
lican national convention 1908. Ap- 
pointed by governor chairman of commis- 
sion to examine state normal schools I9O6; 
also ajDpointed by governor member of 
commission to propose amendments to 
state constitution 1908. Is a Mason, 
Knight Templar, Elk, Granger, and has 
been master of lodge of Free Masons ; 
])resident of Vermont Society Sons of 
American Revolution ; state commander 
Sons of Veterans, U. S. A. ; state com- 
mander United Spanish War Veterans ; 
state commander of Military Order of 
I'oreign Wars ; member and curator Ver- 
mont Historical Society; has been presi- 
dent Vermont Press Association; member 
various other societies, clubs, etc. 



Note. — Until 1782 the highest court in the state was styled the superior court. 
The present superior court was established I906. Names of chief judges are in 



Moses Robinsox 1T78-84 


John Shepardson 1778-80 

John Fassett 1778-86 

Thomas Chandler 1778-79 

John Throop 1778-83 

Paul Spooler 1779-89 

Increase Moselev 1780-81 

Elisha Payxe .'. 1781-83 

Simeon Olcott 1781-83 

Jonas Fay 1781-83 

Peter Olcott 1783-85 

Thomas Porter 1783-86 

Nathaniel Niles 1784-88 

Nathaniel Chipmax. . .1786-87 

Luke Knowlton 1786-87 

Stephen R. Bradley. ... 1788-89 

Noah Smith " 1789-91 


Samuel Kxight 1786-94 

Elijah Paine 1791-94 

Isaac Tichenor 1791-96 

Lot Hall 1794-01 

exoch woodbridge 1794-01 

Israel S.-niith 1797-98 

joxathax robixsox. . .1801-07 

Royal Tyler 1801-13 

Stephen Jacob 1801-03 

Theophilus Harrington. . 1803-13 

Jonas Galusha ...^ 1807-09 

Dayid Fay 1809-13 

Daniel Farrand 1813-15 

Jonathan H. Hubbard. .1813-15 

Asa Alois 1815-16 

Richard Skixxer 1815-17 


James Fisk 1815-17 

William A. Palmer 1816-17 

Dudley Chase 1817-31 

Joel Doolittle 1817-23 


William Brayton 1817-22 

Corxelius p." Vax Ness.1821-23 
Charles K. Williams. . .1823-34 


Asa Aikens 1833-25 

Samuel Prextiss 1835-30 

Titus Hutchixsox 1835-33 

Stephex Royce 1835-27 


Bates Turner 1837-39 

Ephraim Paddock 1838-31 

John C. Thompson 1830-31 

Nicholas Baylies 1831-33 

Samuel S. Phelps 1831-38 

Jacob CoUamer 1833-43 

John Mattocks 1833-35 

Isaac F. Redfield 1835-60 

Milo L. Bennett 1838-50 

William Hebard 1843-43 

Daniel Kellnga: 1843-44 

Hiland Hall 1846-50 

Charles Davis 1846-48 

Luke P. Poland 1848-50 


Pierpoint Isham 1851-57 

Asa O. Aldis 1857-65 

JoHX Pierpoixt 1857-82 

James Barrett 1857-80 

Loyal C. Kellogg 1859-67 

Asahel Peck 1860-74 

Herman R. Beardsley. . 1865-66 
William C. Wilson. . .'. . .1865-70 

Benjamin H. Steele 1865-70 

John Prout 1867-69 

Hoyt H. Wheeler 1869-77 

Homer E. Royce 1870-90 

Timothy P. Redfield. ... 1870-84 

JoxATHAX Ross 1870-99 

H. Henry Powers 1874-90 

Walter C. Dunton 1877-79 

Wheelock G. Veazey. . . . 1879-89 
RcssELL S. Taft. ..'... 1880-1903 

JoHX W. RowEi.i 1883 

William H. Walker 1884-87 

James M. Tyler 1887-1908 

Loveland Munson 1889 

Henry R. Start 1890-1905 

Laforrest H. Thompson. 1890-00 

John H. Watson 1899 

Wendell P. Stafford 1900-04 

Seneca Haselton 1903-06 

George M. Powers 1904-06 

Willard W. Mile-- 1905-06 


Sexeca Haseltox 1906-08 

George M. Powers 1906-09 

Willard W. Miles 1906 

Alfred A. Hall 1906-13 

Eleazer L. Waterman. .. 1906 
William H. Taylor 1906 

Zed S. Stanton . 
Fred M. Butler. 
Frank L. Fish... 


. . . .1909 




ROBIXSOX, Moses. Chief justice 
1778-84 and 17S3-p. See page 58. 

SHEPARDSON. John. Judge 1778- 
80. Born Attleboro, Mass., Feb. l6, 1729; 
died Jan. S. ISO'2. Came to Guilford soon 
after its first settlement 1761; first town 
clerk. Guilford. 1772; was a leader against 
the New Yorkers; elected second judge of 
the superior court 1778 and 1779- 

FASSETT. JoHx. Judge 1778-86. 
Born Hardwick. Mass.. June 3. 17i3; son 
of Capt. Fassett. who came to Bennington 
1761. and was the town's first representa- 
tive in the Legislature; died April 2, 1803. 
Lieutenant in Warner's first regiment 
1775; captain in Warner's second regiment 
1776; represented Arlington in the Gen- 
eral Assembly 1778 and 1779,. and Cam- 
bridge 1787, 1788, 1790,, and 1791; coun- 
cilor 1779-95. with the exception of 1786; 
judge of the superior court from its or- 
ganization in 1778 to 1786; chief judge of 
Chittenden county court 1787-94. 

CHANDLER. Thomas, Jr. Judge 
1778-9. Born Sept. 23, 1740; son of 
Tlionias Chandler, one of the most influ- 
ential settlers on the east side of the 
mountains ; date of death unknown. Was 
for nine years assistant judge of the in- 
ferior court of common pleas, under New 
York authority ; became, however, active 
among the Vermont leaders ; delegate to 
the Westminster conventions of Oct. SO, 
1776, and Jan. 15, 1777; elected to the 
first General Assembly March, 1778, and 
chosen clerk; was for a few months Ver- 
mont's first secretary of state; re-elected 
to the General Assembly in the fall of 
1778, and until 1781, and was speaker for 
nearly three years; a member of the coun- 
cil 1779-80; elected a judge of Windsor 
county court 1786; represented Chester in 
the General Assembly 1787; fell into dis- 
credit, and died in poverty and obscurity. 

THROOP.Joux. Judge 1778-82. Born 
Lebanon, Conn.. .Sept. 11, 1773; died Jan. 
25. 1802. Lived in the town of Pomfret; 
delegate to the ^^'indsor convention June, 
1 777, and to the conventions which framed 
the state constitution in .July and Decem- 
ber of that year; represented Pomfret in 
the Gf-neral Assembly 1778; judge of the 
superior court 1778-81. and Ffl)riiary to 

October, 1782; member of the council 
1779-86; again represented Pomfret in the 
Assembly 1787-8; judge of probate 1783- 

SPOONER, Paul. Judge 1779-89. 
Born Dartmouth, Mass., March 20, 1746; 
son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Ruggles) 
Spooner; died Sept. 4, 1789- Studied 
medicine in Massachusetts ; came to Ver- 
mont 1768, settling at Hartland, then 
called Hertford. In 1769 married Ase- 
nath Wright; his second wife was Mrs. 
Ann (Cogswell) Post. Delegate to West- 
minster conventions of Oct. 19, 1774, and 
Feb. 7, 1775, and to the Cumberland 
County congress, June 6, 1775, and chosen 
delegate to represent that county in the 
N ew Y'ork provincial congress ; chosen 
sheriil of Cumberland County 1777, but 
declined; was a member of the council of 
safety; member of the council 1778-82; 
judge of the superior and supreme courts 
1779 until his death, with the exception of 
1781, and chief justice 1784-5; agent of 
\'^ermont to the continental congress 1780 
and 1782; judge of probate for Windsor 
Count}' 1781-2; lieutenant-governor 1782- 

MOSELEY, Increase. Judge 1780-1. 
Born Norwich, Conn., May 18, 1712; died 
May 2, 1795. Represented Woodbury in 
the Connecticut Legislature from 1751 al- 
most continuously until his removal to Ver- 
mont; came to Vermont about 1779^ set- 
tling at Clarendon; judge of the superior 
court 1780, but served only one year; chief 
judge of Rutland County 1781-7; repre- 
sentative from Clarendon and speaker of 
the General Assembly 1782; president of 
the first council of censors 1785. In 1735 
married Deborah Tracy of Windham, 

PAYNE, Elisha. Judge 1781-2. Born 
Canterbury, Conn., 1731; died Lebanon, 
N. H., July 20, 1807; a resident of New 
Hampshire, and prominent in its politics; 
served in the French war; was colonel and 
deputy-surveyor-gencral of the king's 
woods ; in the short-lived East Union of 
New Hampshire towns which came tem- 
porarily under Vermont sovereignty he 
re])resented Cardigan, N. H., in the Ver- 
mont General Assembly 1778; was elected 
councilor; lieutenant-governor 1781; chief 




justice of the superior court 1781-2. On 
the dissolution of the East Union, Judge 
Payne adhered to New Hampshire. 

OLCOTT, Simeon. Judge 1781-2. Born 
Bolton, Conn., Oct. 1, 1735; died Feb. 2-2, 
1815. Graduated from Yale College 17()1 ; 
studied law; moved to Charlestown, N. H., 
176'1; admitted to the Bar 1771. During 
the East Union was elected judge of the 
Vermont superior court 1781; resigned 
1782; appointed chief justice of the New 
Hampshire court of common pleas 1784; 
appointed a judge of the New Hampshire 
superior court 1790. and chief justice 
1795; U. S. senator from New Hampshire 
1801-5. In 1783 married Tryphena Terry. 

FAY, Jonas. Judge 1781-3. Born 
Hardwick, Mass., Jan. 17, 1737; son of 
Stephen Fay ; died Bennington, March 6, 
1818. Served in the French war; came 
to Bennington 1 766 ; engaged in the prac- 
tice of medicine ; clerk of the convention 
of settlers March, 177^; clerk of the Dor- 
set convention January, 1 776 ; secretary of 
the convention of July, 1777, which framed 
the state constitution ; a member of the 
council of safety ; several times an agent 
to the continental congress ; member of the 
governor's council 1778-85; judge of the 
supreme court 1781-3; judge of the pro- 
bate court 1782-7; moved to Charlotte 
1800, and later returned to Huntington. 
He accompanied Allen's expedition to Ti- 
conderoga as surgeon, and served for a 
time in the same capacity with the Green 
Mountain Boys and with Warner's Regi- 
ment which was organized for the invasion 
of Canada. 

OLCOTT. Peter. Judge 1782-5. Born 
in Connecticut; died Sept. 12, 1808. Said 
to have been a graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege; came to Norwich about 1768; a mem- 
ber of the Windsor convention June, 1777, 
and also of the conventions of July and 
December, 1777, which adopted the con- 
stitution; commanded a regiment in Glou- 
ctster County 1777, and was summoned to 
Bennington, to reach there after the bat- 
tle; member of the council 1779 and 1781- 
90; judge of the supreme court 1782-5; 
lieutenant-governor 1790-1, declining fur- 
ther renomination. 

PORTER, Thomas. Judge 1783-6. 
Born Farmington, Conn., 1731; died Gran- 

ville, N. Y., August, 1833. Served in the 
Prench war ; was many years a member 
of the Connecticut Legislature; moved to 
Tinmouth 1779; represented that town in 
the General Assembly and was speaker of 
the House 1780-2; member of the council 
1782-95; judge of the supreme court 178.3- 
6; was a farmer by occupation. 

NILES, Nathaniel. Judge 1784-8. 
See page 63. 

CHIPMAN, Nathaniel. Judge 1786- 
7, 1789-91, 1796-7, and 1813-15. See 
page 56. 

KNOWLTON, Luke. Judge 1786-7. 
Born Shrewsbury, Mass., November, 1738; 
died Newfane, Nov. 12, 1810. Served in 
the French war; came to Newfane, 1773; 
took the New York side in the controversy 
with that province ; town clerk Newfane 
for l6 years; a member of the Cumberland 
County committee of safety ; sent by the 
Yorkers of Cumberland County as an 
agent to Congress 1780; changed his views 
in the same year and became a loyal Ver- 
monter; represented Newfane in the Gen- 
eral Assembly 1784, 1788, 1789. 1792, 
1803, and 1806; member of the council 
1790-1800; judge of the supreme court 
1786-7; judge of Windham county court 
1787-93. In 1760 married Sarah Holland 
of Shrewsbury, Mass. 

BRADLEY, Stephen R. Judge 1788- 
9. See page 55. 

SMITH, Noah. Judge 1789-91 and 
1798-1801. Born Suffield, Conn.. 1755; 
died Milton, Dec. 23, 1812. Graduated 
from Yale College 1778; came at once to 
Bennington ; delivered the address on the 
first anniversary of the battle; admitted to 
the Bar 1779; states attorney and county 
clerk of Bennington County for some 
years; judge of the sujjreme court 1789- 
91 ; appointed U. S. collector of internal 
revenue 1791 ; elected member of the coun- 
cil 1798, but resigned to become again 
judge of the supreme court, serving 1798- 
1801; moved from Bennington to Milton 
1 800. 

KNIGHT, Samuel. Judge 1789-94. 
Born about 1730; died' Brattleboro. July 
23. 1804. Admitted to tlie Bar 1772; took 
the York side but finallv cast in his alle- 




giance with Vermont; represented Brat- 
tleboro in the General Assembly 1781, 
1783-5; judge of Windham county court 
1786, 1794, 179-'. and 1801; judge of the 
supreme court 1789-!^4. and chief justice 

PAIXE, Elijah. Judge 1791-4. See 
page .")(). 

TICHEXOR, Isaac. Judge 1791-6. 
See page •29- 

HALL, Lot. Judge 1794-1801. Born 
on Cape Cod, Mass.; died May 17., 1809. 
Was a sailor in the early days of the 
Revolution ; engaged in a naval expedi- 
tion for the protection of South Carolina; 
■was captured by the British while acting 
as a lieutenant in charge of a prize and 
carried to Glasgow, Scotland ; released but 
recaptured on his way home; this time 
Patrick Henry secured his release; began 
the study of law at Barnstable. Mass., 
1782; came that year to Bennington; re- 
moved to Westminster 1783; married Mary 
Homer of Boston, Mass., 1786; repre- 
sented Westminster in the General Assem- 
bly 1788, 1791, 1792. and 1808; judge of 
the supreme court 1794-1801; presidential 
elector 1 792 ; member of the council of 
censors 1 799- 

WOODBRIDGE, Enoch. Judge 1794- 
1801. Born Stockbridge, Mass., Decem- 
ber, 1750; died July 14, 1805. Gradu- 
ated from Yale College 1774; was commis- 
sary in the Continental army, and was 
prt-stnt at tlie battles of Hubbardton and 
BenTiington. and at Burgoyne's surrender; 
studied law; came to Vermont and began 
practice at Manchester, removing later to 
Vergennes; represented Vergennes in the 
General Assembly 1791-4; first mayor of 
Vergennes 17fU; judge of the sui)rem( 
court 1791-1801. and chief justice 1798- 
1801 ; was a mt-mlxT of the constitutional 
convention 17.9."'. In 1774 married Xancv 

.SMITH. JMMKf.. Judge 1797-8. .See 
page .30. 

liOIilN'SON. .fo.WTHAN. .fudge 18(»1- 
7. See }>ag<- .'>(). 

TYLER. Royal. .Judge 1801-13. Born 
Boston. Mass.. .lulv 18. 17."m; son of 

Royal Tyler; died Aug. 16, 1826. Gradu- 
ated from Harvard College 1776; served 
on the staif of General Lincoln of the Con- 
tinental army; studied law at Cambridge, 
Mass. ; was admitted to the Massachusetts 
Bar 1779; practiced law at Falmouth 
(now Portland), Me., two j^ears; removed 
to Braintree, jNIass.; again served on Gen- 
eral Lincoln's staff in Shay's rebellion 
1786-7; wrote "The Contrast," the first 
American play ever staged, which was 
acted at the old John Street Theatre in 
Xew York 1786; came to Guilford 1791, 
and practiced law; judge of the supreme 
court 1801-13, and chief justice 1807-13; 
register of probate from Windham County 
1815-21; compiled Tyler's Reports of the 
Decisions of the Supreme Court. Married 
Mary Palmer, and was the father of Judge 
Royal Tyler of Brattleboro. 

JACOB, Stephex. Judge 1801-3. Born 
Sheffield, Mass.; died Jan. 27, 1817. Grad- 
uated from Yale College 1778; came to 
Bennington that year; married Pamela 
Farrand 1779; removed to Windsor 1780; 
was adimtted to the Bar; represented 
Windsor in the General Assembly 1781, 
1788, and 1794, and was clerk of the 
House 1788-9; member of the council of 
censors 1785; delegate to the constitution- 
al convention 1793; chief judge of Wind- 
sor county court 1797-1801; member of 
the council 1796-1802; judge of the su- 
preme court 1801-3; had been one of the 
commissioners to settle the controversy 
with New York 1789; was a strong Fed- 
eralist; when he came to Vermont brought 
several slaves with him. who of course be- 
came emancipated on reaching Vermont 

HERRIXTOX. Theophilus. Judge 
1803-13. Born in Rhode Island; died 
Xov. 27, 1813. Came to Vermont 1785 
and became a farmer in Clarendon ; rep- 
resented Clarendon in the General Assem- 
bly 1795 and 1798-1803; s])eaker of the 
House 1803; chief judge of Rutland coun- 
ty court 1800-3; judge of the supreme 
court from 1803 until his death. He him- 
self wrote his name Herrinton; but he is 
generally known as .Judge Harrington. 

C;ALUSHA, Jonas. Judge 1 807-9- See 
p.age 30. 




FAY, David. Judge 1809-13. Born 
Hardwick, Mass., Dec. 13, 176l ; son of 
Stephen Fay, and brother of Judge Jonas 
Fay; died Jinie 5, 1827. Was a fifer at 
the battle of Bennington, where he then 
resided; admitted to the Bar 179^; mem- 
ber of the council of censors 1799; states 
attorney Bennington County 1797-1801 ; 
U. S. district attorney throughout Jeffer- 
son's administrations; judge of the su- 
preme court 1809-13; was a Republican, 
and failed of re-election 1813, the Feder- 
alists having carried the state that year; 
a member of the council 1817-21 ; judge of 
probate 1819-20. 

FARRAXD. Daniel. Judge 1813-15. 
Born Canaan, Conn., about 1760; died 
Oct. 13, 1825. Graduated from Yale Col- 
lege; came to Windsor and began the prac- 
tice of law; soon removed to Newbury; 
represented that town in the General As- 
sembly 1792, 1793, and 1796-8, being 
speaker of the House 1 798 ; was twice 
states attorney of Orange County ; re- 
moved to Bellows Falls 1800; states attor- 
ney Windham County 1801-3; represented 
Rockingham in the Assembly 1 802 ; de- 
feated for Congress by James Eliot 1 803 ; 
member of the council of censors 1813; 
judge of the supreme court 1813-15; was 
a Federalist and failed of re-election in 
the latter year, when the Republicans re- 
turned to power. Was chairman of the 
committee of arrangements on the occasion 
of the visit of President Monroe to Bur- 
lington 1817. He was a brother-in-law of 
Judge Stephen Jacob. 

HUBBARD, Jonathan Hatch. Judge 
1813-15. See page 66. 

ALDIS, Asa. Judge 1815-16. Born 
Franklin, Mass., about 1770; died St. Al- 
bans. Oct. 16, 18i7. Lost his mother when 
three years old and his father when five. 
and was brought up by an aunt ; gradu- 
ated from Brown University 1796; stud- 
ied law in Providence, R. I., and began 
practice at Chepachet in that state; re- 
moved to St. Albans 1 802 ; when the Re- 
publicans returned to power in 1815 was 
elected supreme court judge and served 
one year, declining a re-election. 

FISK, James. .Fudge 1815-17. See 
page 57. 

PALMER, William A. Judge 1816- 
17. See page 34. 

CHASE, Dudley. Judge 1817-21. See 
page 57. 

DOOLITTLE, Joel. Judge 1817-23, 
and 1824-5. Born in Massachusetts about 
1773; died March 9, 1841; graduated 
from Yale College 1799; came to Middle- 
bury in the fall of 1800 as the first tutor 
in Middlebury College ; admitted to the 
Bar 1801; j^racticed law till 1817; mem- 
ber of the council 1815-18; judge of the 
supreme court 1817-23 and 1824-25; rep- 
resented Middlebury in the Assembly 
1824; president of the council of censors 
1834; was several times an unsuccessful 
candidate for governor. 

BRAYTON, William. Judge 1817-22. 
Born Lansingburgh, X. Y. ; died Aug. 5, 
1828. Entered Williams College but never 
graduated; admitted to Franklin County 
Bar 1807 and began practice in Swanton ; 
chief judge of Franklin county court 
1815; represented Swanton in the Assem- 
bly 1817; supreme court judge 1817-22; 
while on the bench moved to St. Albans, 
and after leaving the bench to Burlington. 

VAN NESS, Cornelius P. Judge 1821- 
3. See page 32. 

WILLIAMS, Charles K. Judge 1822- 
4 and 1829-46. See page 37. 

AIKENS, Asa. Judge 1823-5. Born 
in Barnard; the first native Vermonter on 
the supreme bench ; died Hackensack, N. 
J., July 12, 1862. Studied three years at 
Middlebury College and one year at the 
U. S. Military Academy at West Point; 
returned to ^Middlebury and studied law 
with Judge Joel Doolittle; removed to 
Windsor 1812; represented that town in 
the Assembly two years ; states attorney 
for Windsor County; supreme court judge 
1823-5; published two volumes of reports 
of supreme court decisions; was the au- 
thor of "Aikens' Forms" for writs, etc., 
and "Aikens' Tables." 

SKINNER, Richard. Judge 1815-17 PRENTISS, Samuel. Judge 1825-30. 

and 1823-9. See page 32. See page 57. 




HUTCHIXSOX, Titus. Judge 1823- 
33. Born Grafton. Mass., April 29, 1771 ; 
son of Rev. Aaron and Margery (Carter) 
Hutchinson; died Aug. 24. 18o7. Came 
with his father's family to Pomfret 1776; 
graduated from Princeton College; studied 
law with his brother Aaron at Lebanon, 
N. H. ; admitted to the Orange County 
Bar 1798 and settled at Woodstock; ap- 
pointed U. S. district attorney for Ver- 
mont 1813. holding the office 10 years; 
supreme court judge 1825-33, and chief 
judge 1830-3; defeated for re-election 
1833. In 1800 married Clarissa Sage. 

ROYCE, Stephex. Judge 1825-7, and 
1829-52, and chief judge 1846-52. See 
page 39. 

TURNER. Bates. Judge 1827-9. Came 
from Connecticut to Fairfield 1796; re- 
moved to St. Albans 1804; returned to 
Fairfield and set up a law school, having 
had during his life about 175 law stu- 
dents; removed to Middlebury 1812, later 
to Fairfield and still later to St. Albans 
again; supreme court judge 1827-9; died 
April 30, 1847. 

PADDOCK, Ephraim. Judge 1828-31. 
Came from Massachusetts to Vermont ; for 
two or three years an instructor at Peach- 
am Academy ; began practice of law at St. 
Johnsbury ; represented that town in the 
Assembly 1821-6; member constitutional 
convention 1828; supreme court judge 
1828-31 ; member council of censors 1841 ; 
died July 27, 1859. 

THOMPSON, John C. Judge 1830-1. 
Born in Rhode Island; died June 27, 
1831 ; studied law in Hartford, Conn., and 
admitted to Bar about 1813; came to 
Windsor; removed to Hartland 1818, and 
to Burlington 1822; member of the coun- 
cil 1827-30, in wliicli latter year the coun- 
cil was abolished; sui)reme court judge 
1830 until his death. In 181 6 married 
Nancv Patrick. 

to the Modern Reports," 1814; states at- 
torney Orange County 1813-14 and 1825; 
supreme court judge 1831-3; removed to 
Lyndon 1835. Married Mary, daughter 
of Prof. Sylvanus Ripley. 

PHELPS, Samuel S. Judge 1831-8. 
See page 58. 

COLLAMER, Jacob. Judge 1833-42. 
See page 59- 

MATTOCKS, John. Judge 1833-5. 
See page 35. 

REDFIELD, Isaac Fletcher. Judge 
1835-60, and chief judge 1852-60. Born 
Weathersfield, April 10, 1804; son of Dr. 
Peleg and Hannah (Parker) Redfield; 
died Charlestown, Mass., March 23, 1876; 
removed to Coventry 1 805 ; graduated 
from Dartmouth College 1 825 ; admitted 
to Orleans County Bar 1827; began prac- 
tice at Derby ; states attorney continuous- 
ly until elected judge; supreme court 
judge 1835-60, and chief judge 1852-60; 
moved to Montpelier, to Randolph Center 
1846, then to Windsor, and finally to Bos- 
ton, Mass., I86I. He wrote many valu- 
able legal works, notably treatises on the 
law of wills and of railroads. 

BENNETT, Milo L. Judge 1838-50 
and 1852-9. Born in Connecticut; studied 
in Williams College and graduated from 
Yale College 1811; studied law at the 
Litchfield Law School ; came to Benning- 
ton, and soon went to Manchester; went 
to Maine 1836, and spent two years in 
lumber business, losing his property ; 
moved to Burlington 1838; supreme court 
judge 1838-50; elected one of the four 
judges of the newly established circuit 
court 1850 and served one year; supreme 
court judge 1852-9; was commissioner to 
revise the state statutes ; and this revision 
was published in 1863 as the "General 
Statutes"; was the author of Bennett's 

BAYLIES, NiffroLAs. Judge 1831-3. 
Born Oxbridge, Mass.; son of Dea. Nich- 
olas Baylies; died Aug. 17, 1847. Gradu- 
ated Dartmouth College 1794; read law 
and was admitted to the Bar at Wood- 
stork ; removed to Montpelier 1 809, but 
was "warned out" the following Novem- 
ber; was tli<' author of "Digested Index 

HEBARD, William. Judge 

and 1844-5. See page 73. 


KELLOGG, Daniel. Judge 1843-4 
and 1845-51. Born Amherst, Mass., Feb. 
10, 1791 ; died Brattleboro, May 10, 1875. 
Ciradiiated from Williams College 1810; 
studied law at Newfane; began practice 



at Rockingham 1814; judge of probate 
1819-20; secretary of the governor and 
council 1823-8; states attorney and mem- 
ber of the council 1827; U. S. district at- 
torney for Vermont 1829-41; president of 
the constitutional convention 1843; elected 
supreme court judge 1843 but did not 
serve; again elected 1845, served six 
years ; presidential elector 1 864 ; moved to 
Brattleboro 1854. 

HALL, HiLAND. Judge 1846-50. See 
page 40. 

DAVIS, Charles. Judge 1846-48. Born 
Connecticut; died in Illinois, Nov. 21, 
1863. Came when a boy to Rockingham; 
removed to Middlebury 1806; graduated 
from Middlebury College; studied law 
with Daniel Chipman; admitted to the Bar 
1814; edited a newspaper for a short time; 
moved to Barton, to Waterford, and in 
1828 to Danville; states attorney 1828- 
35 and 1838-9; U. S. district attorney for 
Vermont 1840-5; was probate judge; su- 
preme court judge 1846-8; represented 
Danville in the Legislature, although he 
was a Whig and the town was strongly 
Democratic; chairman of the judiciary 

POLAND, Luke Potter. Judge 1848- 
50 and 1857-65. See page 60. 

ISHAM, Pierpoint. Judge 1851-7. 
Born Manchester; son of Dr. Ezra Isham; 
died May 8, 1872. Studied law with Gov- 
ernor Skinner; admitted to the Bar and 
settled at Pownal, but soon moved to Ben- 
nington; supreme court judge 1851-7; the 
circuit court having been abolished in 
1857, and the supreme court judges being 
again charged with the duty of presiding 
at the county courts, he declined further 

ALDIS, Asa Owen. Judge 1857-65. 
Born St. Albans ; son of Judge Asa Aldis ; 
died Washington, D. C, June 24, 1891. 
Graduated from the University of Vermont 
1829; studied law and became his father's 
partner; judge of the supreme court 1857- 
65 ; resigned on account of ill health in 
the summer of 1865; U. S. consul at Nice. 
France, for a few years ; president of the 
Southern claims commission 1871-80; a 
member of the French and Alabama claims 

commissions; removed to Washington, D. 
C, 1871. 

PIERPOINT, John. Judge 1857-82, 
and chief judge 1865-82. Born Litch- 
field, Conn., Sept. 10, 1805; son of Daniel 
and Sarah (Phelps) Pierpoint; died Jan. 
7, 1882. Came to Rutland 181,5; admitted 
to the Rutland County Bar 1827; began 
practice in Pittsford ; removed to Ver- 
gennes 1832; represented Vergennes in 
the Legislature 1841; register of probate 
1836-57; state senator from Addison 
County 1855-7, and chairman of the judi- 
ciary committee two years ; supreme court 
judge 1857 until his death in 1882, and 
chief judge 1865-82. In 1838 married 
Sarah M. Lawrence of Vergennes. 

BARRETT, James. Judge 1857-80. 
Born Strafford, May 31, 1814; son of 
Martin and Dorcas (Patterson) Barrett; 
died April 21, 1900. Graduated from 
Dartmouth College 1838; studied law; be- 
gan practice in Woodstock 1840; moved to 
Boston, Mass., 1848; returned to Wood- 
stock 1849; state senator two years; states 
attorney two years; supreme court judge 
1857-80; after retiring from the bench 
moved to Rutland and practiced his pro- 
fession. In 1844 married Maria Lord 
Woodworth of Coventry, Conn. 

KELLOGG, Loyal Case. Judge 1859- 
67. Born Benson, Feb. 13, 1816; son of 
John and Harriott (Nash) Kellogg; died 
Benson, Nov. 26, 1872. Graduated from 
Amherst College 1836; admitted to the 
Rutland County Bar 1839; represented 
Benson in the Legislature 1847, 1850. 
1851, 1859, and 1870; president of the 
constitutional convention of 1857, and 
member of that of 1870; supreme court 
judge 1859-67; was elected for another 
term but declined; while judge he removed 
to Rutland, but later returned to Benson. 

PECK, AsAHEL. Judge 1860-74. See 
page 44. 

BEARDSLEY, Herman R. Judge 
1,865. Born Kent, Conn., July 21- 1800; 
son of Ephraim Beardsley; died St. Al- 
bans, March 9, 1878. Removed to Grand 
Isle when a boy ; entered the University of 
Vermont 1819, but left in his junior year 
because of ill health ; was admitted to the 




Bar; on the resignation of Judge Asa O. 
Aldis in the summer of 1865 was appoint- 
ed a supreme court judge by Governor J. 
Gregory Smith; served but a few months, 
failing of election by the Legislature the 
following fall. Married Abigail S. Webb. 

WILSON. William C. Judge 1865-70. 
Born Cambridge. July -2, 1812; son of 
John Wilson; died April l6, 1882. Stud- 
ied law and was admitted to the Franklin 
County Bar 1851; settled in Bakersfield, 
and opened a school for law students, 
some time after 1850; states attorney 
Franklin County 1844-5; assistant judge 
of Franklin county court 1849-51; mem- 
ber of constitutional conventions 1843 and 
1850; represented Bakersfield in the Leg- 
islature 1863, 1864. and 1865; supreme 
court judge 1865-70; after leaving the 
bench removed to Rochester, Minn. Was 
twice married; his first wife was Clarissa 
A. Pratt of Bakersfield. 

STEELE. Bexjamix Hixmax. Judge 
1865-70. Born Stanstead. P. Q., Feb. 6, 
1837; son of Sanford and Mary (Hin- 
man) Steele; died Faribault, Minn., July 
13, 1873. Taught school at the age of 
14; studied at Derby and Stanstead acade- 
mies, the college of St. Pierre, and Nor- 
wich L'ni versify, graduated from Dart- 
mouth College 1857; was principal of Bar- 
ton Academy ; was admitted to the Bar at 
the age of 21 ; began practice at Derby 
Line; was appointed by Gov. Paul Dil- 
lingham a supreme court judge when only 
28, to fill a vacancy; was elected each year 
to the same position until 1870, when he 
declined re-election; went to Minnesota 
for his health 1873, and died the same 
year. In 1861 married Martha Sumner. 

PROLT, JoHX, Judge 1867-9- Born 
Salisbury, Nov. 21, 1815; died Rutland, 
Aug. 28, 1890. Followed the printer's 
trade several years; admitted to Addison 
County Bar 1837; represented Salisbury 
in the Legislature 1847, 1848, 1851 ; states 
attorney of Addison County 1848-51; re- 
moved to Rutland 1854; represented Rut- 
land m the Le^slature 1865 and 1866; 
state senator from Rutland Cotmty 1867; 
sufjreme court judgf \H(')7-U- 

WUKKI.KR, HovT Hknhv. .ludgc 
1869-77. Born Chesterfield, N. H., Aug. 
30. 1833; son of John Wheeler; died Nov. 

19, 1906. Removed with his father to 
Newfane 1849; graduated from Chester- 
field Academy 1853; admitted to the Bar 
1859; represented Jamaica in the Legisla- 
ture 1867, served on the judiciary commit- 
tee; state senator from Windsor County 
1868 and 1869; supreme court judge 1869- 
77; resigned March, 1877, having been 
appointed by President Hayes U. S. dis- 
trict judge for Vermont in place of Judge 
D. A. Smalley, deceased; held this posi- 
tion until October, 1906, resigning about 
a month before his death; he was suc- 
ceeded by the present judge, James L. 
Martin of Brattleboro. Judge Wheeler in 
I86I married Minnie L. Maclay of Lock- 
port, N. Y. 

ROYCE, Homer Elihu. Judge 1870- 
90, and chief judge 1882-90. See page 

REDFIELD, Timothy Parker. Judge 
1870-84. Born Coventry, Nov. 3, 1812; 
son of Peleg and Hannah (Parker) Red- 
field, and younger brother of Judge Isaac 
F. Redfield; died Chicago, 111., March 27, 
1888. Graduated from Dartmouth Col- 
lege 1836; read law with his brother; ad- 
mitted to Orleans County Bar 1838; prac- 
ticed at Irasburg 1838-48, when he moved 
to Montpelier; state senator from Orleans 
County 1848; supreme court judge 1870- 
84. declining further service. In 1840 
married Helen W. Grannis of Stanstead, 
P. Q. 

ROSS, Jonathan. Judge 1870-99, and 
chief judge 1890-9- See page 61. 

POWERS, Horace Henry. Judge 
1874-90. See page 76. 

DUNTON, Walter C. Judge 1877- 
9. Born Bristol, Nov. 29, 1830; died 
Rutland, April 23, 1890. Graduated from 
Middlebury College 1857; admitted to 
Rutland County Bar 1858; resided in Kan- 
sas for some years, and was a member of 
its last territorial Legislature I86I; lo- 
cated that same year in Rutland ; in 1 862 
became captain of Co. H, 14th Vermont 
Volunteers; member constitutional conven- 
tion of 1870; judge of probate for Dis- 
trict of Rutland from 1865 till April, 
1877. when he was appointed by Governor 
Horace Fairbanks judge of the supreme 
court, to fill the vacancy caused by the 




resignation of Judge H. H. Wheeler; 
served on the supreme court bench until 
his resignation in 1879. 

VEAZEY, Wheelock Graves. Judge 
1879-89. Born Brentwood, N. H., Dec. 
.'5, 1835; son of Jonathan and Annie (Ste- 
vens) Veazey; died March 22, 1898. 
Graduated from Phillips (Exeter) Acad- 
emy, and Dartmouth College 1859; gradu- 
ated from Albany, N. Y., Law School 
I860; admitted to Vermont Bar I860; be- 
gan practice in Springfield. Enlisted as a 
private in Co. A, 3rd Vermont Volunteers; 
was elected captain, and promoted major 
and lieutenant-colonel ; in September, 
1862, was elected colonel of the l6th Regi- 
ment Vermont Volunteers ; took part in 
many of the battles of the Army of the 
Potomac; was for a time on the staff of 
Gen. W. F. (Baldy) Smith; was mustered 
out of the service in August, 1 863 ; was 
voted a medal of honor by Congress for 
his services at Gettysburg; returned to 
Vermont 1863 shattered in health; su- 
preme court reporter 1864-73, preparing 
nine volumes of the Vermont Reports ; 
state senator from Rutland County 1872- 
4; appointed 1874 register in bankruptcy; 
ir; 1878 appointed by Gov. Redfield Proc- 
tor one of the commissioners to revise the 
laws of the state; supreme court judge 
1879-89, resigning to accept an appoint- 
ment as a member of the interstate com- 
merce commission, which he held until his 
death ; delegate to the Republican national 
convention 1876; trustee of Dartmouth 
College 1879-91, and received degree of 
LL. D. 1887; commander-in-chief of the 
national G. A. R. 1890. In 1861 married 
Julia A. Beard of Nashua, N. H. 

TAFT, Russell S. Judge 1880-1899, 
and chief judge 1899-1902. Born Willis- 
ton, Jan. 28, 1835 ; died Burlington, March 
22, 1902. Removed to Burlington 1853, 
residing there till 1881, when he returned 
to Williston ; later returned to Burlington ; 
admitted to Chittenden County Bar 1856; 
selectman Burlington 1861-4; states at- 
torney for Chittenden County 1862-5; al- 
derman City of Burlington 1865-9; city 
attorney Burlington 1871-2; register of 
probate 1 863-80 ; lieutenant-governor of 
the state 1 872-4 ; represented Burlington 
in the Legislature 1880; supreme court 
judge 1880-1902. and chief justice 1889- 
1902; died in office. 

ROWELL, John W.. Randolph. Judge 
since 1882, and chief judge since 1902. 
Born Lebanon, N. H., June 9, 1835. 
Educated in the common schools and West 
Randolph Academy; LL. D. University of 
Vermont 1893. In 1858 married ^lary 
L., daughter of Rev. Leonard and Han- 
nah (Gilman) Wheeler of Randolph. 
Read law and was admitted to the Bar 
of Orange County in 1858; practiced law 
until 1889. A Republican; States at- 
torney for Orange County 1862 and 1863; 
represented Randolph in the Legislature 
1861 and 1862; senator from Orange 
County 1874; elected reporter of decisions 
of Supreme Court 1872, holding the office 
by continuous election and appointment 
until December, 1880, when he declined 
longer to serve; appointed associate judge 
of supreme court by Governor Farnham 
and commissioned Jan. 11, 1889, to fill a 
vacancy caused by the death of Judge 
Pierpoint; and on the death of Judge 
Taft, March 22, 1902, was appointed chief 
Judge and has received successive elec- 
tions by the Legislature since. 

WALKER, W^iLLiAM Harris. Judge 
1884-7. Born Windham, Feb. 2, 1832; 
son of Ephraim and Lydia (Harris) 
Walker; died Aug. 11, 1896. Fitted for 
college at Leland and Gray Seminary and 
Black River Academy ; graduated from 
Middlebury College 1858; assistant secre- 
tary Vermont Senate 1857; served one 
term as principal West River Academy, 
South Londonderry ; two years principal 
of academy. Little Falls, N. Y. ; admitted 
to the Bar Windsor County 1861; began 
practice in Ludlow ; elected captain in the 
l6th Vermont Volunteers 1862, but re- 
signed because of a severe attack of ty- 
phoid fever ; represented Ludlow in the 
Legislatures of 1865. 1866. and 1884; 
state senator from Windsor County 1867 
and 1868; states attorney for Windsor 
County two terms; judge of the sui^reme 
court 1884-7. 

TYLER, James M. Judge 1887-1908. 
See page 76. 

MUXSON, Lovelaxd, M.-uicliestcr. 
Judge since 1889- Born Manchest'^r, 
July 21. 1843; son of Cyrus and Lucy 
(Loveland) Munson. Educated in the 
public schools and at Burr and Burton 
Seminary, Manchester. In 1 882 mar- 




ried Mary B., daughter of Alexander B. 
Campbell' of Mendon. 111. ; they have no 
children. Began study of law in Elias 
B. Burton's office 18{v2; admitted to Ver- 
mont Bar 18(Sti. at once formed partner- 
ship with his preceptor. About 1866 
became member and later chairman of 
the Republican county committee, serv- 
ing as such for many years; was chair- 
man Republican district committee; edi- 
tor Manchestor Journal 1863-6; town 
clerk 1866-73; register of probate 1866- 
76; member of constitutional convention 
of 1870. Represented Manchester in 
the Legislature 187'2, serving on the ju- 
diciary and railroad committees, and spe- 
cial joint committee to investigate the 
Central Vermont R. R. Again elected rep- 
resentative in 1874. he served as chairman 
judiciary committee, after being a strong 
but losing competitor of Hon. H. H. 
Powers for the speaker's chair. Sen- 
ator from Bennington County 1878, and 
president pro tem. Again member of 
the House in 188-2, he was candidate for 
speaker against Hon. James L. Martin, 
the latter being elected. In May 1883 
appointed judge of probate, serving un- 
til 1889. In 1889 was appointed by 
Governor Dillingham associate judge of 
the supreme court, and has received suc- 
cessive elections by the Legislature since. 

START. Hexrv R. Judge 1890-1905. 
Born Bakersfield, Dec. 28, 1845; died 
Bakersfield, Nov. 7, 1905; son of Simeon 
Gould and Mary Sophia (Barnes) Start. 
Educated in the common schools, and Ba- 
kersrield and Barre academies. In 1869 
married Ellen S. Houghton of Bakers- 
field; she died in 1890; they had four chil- 
dren. Simeon Gould, Guy H., Mabel S., 
and Burdette H. Served in the Civil War 
as member of Co. A, 3rd Regiment Ver- 
mont Volunteers; studied law and ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1 867 ; began prac- 
tice at Bakersfield. lattr forming partner- 
ship with A. P. Cross of St. Albans, under 
firm name of Cross & Start. A Rej)ubli- 
can ; represented Franklin County in the 
Senate 1 880 ; trustee Vermont reform 
.school 1880-8; a presidential elector in 
the Harrison and Mf)rton campaign; rep- 
resent<fl Bak<rsfifld in the Legislature 
1890, serving as s|)tak<r of tin- Hf)use; 
elected assistant judge of suprcrn*- court 
1890. with biennial re-elections until liis 
death in 190."i. 

THOMPSON, Laforrest Holman. 
Judge 1890-1900. Born Bakersfield, Jan. 
6, 1848; died Irasburg, June 22, 1900; 
son of Levi S. and Irene (Hodgkins) 
Thompson. Educated in public schools 
of Potton, P. Q. ; Grammar School at 
Johnson, and Kimball Union Academy, 
Meriden, N. H. In 1869 married Mary 
Eliza Dutton of Craftsbury, who died in 
1881; they had four children, Margaret 
E., Mary I, (deceased), Frank D., and 
Helen M. In 1881 married Helen C. Kin- 
ney of Craftsbury; they had three chil- 
dren, Grace A. (deceased), Philip L., and 
Sidney H. Worked at farming until 17 
years of age; when 21 years old had fitted 
for college, but ill health prevented an at- 
tendance and he taught school instead, 
studying law mostly by himself; admitted 
to the Vermont Bar 1871 and began prac- 
tice at Irasburg. A Republican; states 
attorney Orleans County 1876-81; repre- 
sented Irasburg in the Legislature 1880 
and 1882, and again in 1890; senator from 
Orleans County 1884, and president pro 
tempore. In 1890 elected assistant judge 
of supreme court, receiving biennial elec- 
tions until his death in 1900. 

W'ATSON, John Henry, MontpeHer. 
Judge since 1899- Born Jamaica, May 12, 
1851; son of Asahel and Adelpha (Jack- 
son) Watson. Educated in the public 
schools and academies ; honorary degree of 
LL. D. conferred on him in 1908 by the 
University of Vermont. In 1879 married 
Clara L., daughter of Darwin A. and Lau- 
rette (Fitts) Hammond of W^ardsboro; 
they have two sons, John Henry and Hugh 
Hammond. His early life was largely 
spent on the farm ; he studied law in the 
office of Orin Gambell, Esq., Bradford; 
admitted to Vermont Bar, December, 
1877. The law partnership of Gambell & 
Watson was formed and continued about 
six months, when Mr. Watson bought out 
his partner's interest, and thereafter prac- 
ticed his profession alone. In 1899 re- 
moved to M()ntj)elier, where he has since 
resided. A Re])ublican ; states attorney of 
Orange County 1 886-8 ; senator from Or- 
ange County 1 8.92-4 ; appointed associate 
judge of the supreme court by Governor 
E. C. Smith, Jan. 19, 1899, to fill vacancy 
caused hy resignation of Chief Judge Jon- 
athan Ross. The supreme court then con- 
sisted of a chief judge and six associate 
judges. Mr. Watson received successive 




elections as an associate judge of that 
court, the same number of judges con- 
tinuing, until 1906. In that year the ju- 
diciary system of the state was changed, 
the number of supreme judges being re- 
duced to four, a chief judge and three 
associate judges, and Judge Watson was 
elected as the third associate judge. In 
19O8 the number of judges was increased 
to five, and he was elected second associ- 
ate judge, which position he has since held. 

STAFFORD, Wendell Phillips; 
Judge 1900-4. Born Barre, May 1, 
186"l; son of John Franklin and Sarah 
Ann (Noyes) Stafford. Educated at 
Barre Academy, St. Johnsbury Academy, 
and Boston University Law School. In 
1886 married Florence Sinclair Goss of 
St. Johnsbury ; they had two children, 
Edward, and Robert (died May 2i, 
1901). Practiced law in St. Johnsbury 
1883-1900, when he was appointed to the 
supreme court of Vermont, serving until 
1904. From 1897 to 19OO was reporter 
of decisions for the Supreme Court of 
Vermont. A Republican ; represented 
St. Johnsbury in the Legislature 1892; 
appointed associate justice of the su- 
preme court of the District of Columbia 
by President Theodore Roosevelt, May, 
1904, which position he has since held. 
Has published two volumes of poems, 
"North P'lowers," (the Caledonia Co., St. 
Johnsbury, 1902); "Dorian Days," (The 
Macmillan Co., New York, 1909). An 
Episcopalian; member Cosmos Club, 
Washington. Residence, 1725 Lamont 
Street, Washington, D. C. 

HASELTON, Seneca, Burlington. 
Judge since 1902. Born Westford, Feb. 
26, 1848; son of Rev. Amos and Amelia 
(Frink) Haselton. Educated at Univer- 
sity of Vermont, A. B. 1871, A. M. 1874; 
LL. B. University of Michigan 1875; LL. 
D. University of Vermont I909. Judge 
Haselton is unmarried. Instructor in 
mathematics University of Michigan 1873- 
4; admitted to Vermont Bar, 1875. Is a 
Democrat; represented Burlington in the 
Legislature 1886; mayor of Burlington 
189 1-4 inclusive; U. S. minister to Venez- 
uela 1 894-5 under appointment of Presi- 
dent Cleveland; Democratic candidate for 
U. S. senator I9OO; judge Supreme Court 
of Vermont April, 1902, to December, 
1906; chief judge Superior Court of Ver- 

mont December, I906, to 1908; judge of 
Supreme Court of Vermont December, 
I9O8, to date. Was for a time reporter 
of decisions of Supreme Court, and edited 
vols. 72 and 73 Vermont Reports. Mem- 
ber Selden Society of England; Vermont 
Historical Society; American Society In- 
ternational Law; and Algonquin Club of 

POWERS, George McClellan, Mor- 
risville. Judge since 1904. Born Hyde 
Park, Dec. 19, I86I ; son of Horace Henry 
and Caroline E. (Waterman) Powers. 
Educated at People's Academy, Morris- 
ville; and University of Vermont. In 
I893 married Gertrude ¥. Woodbury of 
Burlington; they have four children, Hor- 
ace Henry, Mildred Dorothy, Elizabeth 
I-illian, and Roberta Frances. States at- 
torney Lamoille County 1888-90; messen- 
ger in senate 1872 and 1874; assistant 
clerk house of representatives 1884, 1886 
and 1888; secretary of the senate 1890, 
1892 and 1894; reporter of decisions 
1902-4; judge of the supreme court 1904- 
6; superior judge 1906-9; judge of the 
supreme court since. A Republican; rep- 
resented Morristown in the Legislature 
1896. A Universalist. Member of Mt. 
Vernon Lodge No. 8, F. & A. M. ; Tucker 
Chapter; Palestine Commandery, and Mt. 
Sinai Temple ; member of Sterling Lodge, 
I. O. O. F. 

MILES, WiLLARD Wesbery, Barton. 
Judge since 1905. Born Albany, Feb. 6, 
1845; son of Orin and Eunice (Clark) 
Miles. Educated in the public schools of 
Albany, and the Barnston and Hatley 
Academies in the Province of Quebec, with 
private instructions in Greek and Latin 
by Rev. S. K. B. Perkins. In 1872 mar- 
ried Ellen M. Dow of Albany; they had 
three children, Ida M., Mabel A., and 
Orin L. (deceased). Taught in the pub- 
lic schools of Albany and vicinity, and two 
terms each in Albany and Craftsbury 
academies, employing leisure time in read- 
ing law. In law office of Charles I. Vail, 
Esq., at Irasburg two years, and of Hon. 
William W. Grout, Barton, one year; ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1872; practiced 
at South Albany until June, 1873, when 
he opened a law office at North Crafts- 
bury; in 1881 removed to Barton and 
formed partnership with Hon. W. W. 
Grout, continuing till 1888, when General 


E^XYCLOPEDIA ver:\iont biography 


Grout retired on aecouiit of political du- 
ties. A Republican; town clerk for sev- 
eral years ; represented Albany in the Leg- 
islature 187^, Craftsbury in 1878, and 
Barton in 1904; states attorney for Or- 
leans County 18P0-4; senator from Or- 
leans County 1894-6; elected associate 
judge of supreme court IpOo. and since 
UR>d has been chief judge of the superior 
court. A Congregationalist; and member 
of Masonic fraternity. 

HALL. Alfred Allex. Judge 1906- 
1-J. Born Athens. Dec. 31. 1848; died 
at St. Albans. Jan. 51. ipi^; son of 
Richard Hart and Mary Eliza (Crow- 
ley) Hall. Educated in the public 
schools, and Leland and Gray Seminary, 
Townshend. In 1874 married Abbie L, 
Austin of Athens; they had two sons, 
Harrie Vaughn and LeRoy Austin. Read 
law witli Davis 6t Adams. St. Albans, 
187(KS; admitted to Vermont Bar 1873, 
soon after to practice in the Supreme 
Court, and United States Courts. In 
partnership with W. D. Wilson 1874- 
1900. A member of Vermont National 
Guard 10 years, serving as private and 
on tlie non-commissioned and commissioned 
staffs; in 1881 was appointed upon the 
staff of Governor Pingree and commis- 
sioned as colonel and aide-de-camp. Was a 
Republican. President of board of trus- 
tees village of St. Albans 1880-1; states 
attorney 1882-4; member of school board 
and its chairman six years; state senator 
1 8<^2 ; chairman and president pro tem of 
conmiission on revision of laws 1893-4; 
commissioner on uniform laws 1896; 
elected superior judge 1906; re-elected 
19O8 and 191O; chairman of the commis- 
sion on probation I9II. A Congrega- 
tionalist. Past grand master. ]}ast grand 
higli priest, and ))ast grand commander 
of the Grand bodies of Vermont. F. ^' 
A. M.; :i:i degrees A. A. S. R., Northern 
Masonic Jurisdiction. 

TAYLOR. Wii.MAM Henry, Hardwick. 
.fudgf since I906. Born Wlieelock. July 
18. \H6fi; son of Benjamin Franklin and 
.Amanda M. CStrtsonj Taylor. F.ducated 
at Hardwick .Academy, 1882; and Dart- 
mouth College, class of 1886. In 1887 
married Nettie I. Clark of Hardwick; 
they have four children, Harold F., Flor- 
ence M.. Mildred I., and Cecil A. Was 
principal Hardwick .Academy four years; 

supervisor of schools for Caledonia County 
two years ; admitted to Vermont Bar 1 892 ; 
practiced law at Hardwick until 1906, 
when elected superior judge and chancel- 
lor. Is a Republican. Has held various 
town and village offices; state's attorney 
Caledonia County 1894-8; represented 
Hardwick in the Legislature 1900; state 
senator from Caledonia County I906; su- 
perior judge and chancellor since 1906. 
In religious belief is a Methodist. Mem- 
ber of Caspian Lake Lodge No. 87, F. & 
A. M.; Hiram Chapter No. 29, R. A. M.; 
and Lamoille Commandery. 

STANTON, Zed Silloway, Roxbury. 
Judge since 19O8. Born May 1, 1848; son 
of George Berry and Lucretia Stanton. 
Educated in the public schools and North- 
field High School; honorary degree of 
M. A. from Norwich LTniversity in 1895. 
In 1880 married Jennie Smith Walbridge 
of Roxbury; they have one daughter, Jes- 
sie Lucretia. Admitted to Vermont Bar 
1880; the Supreme Court 1882, and the 
Lnited States District Court 1889. Is a 
Republican; has held nearly all the town 
offices, was assistant judge Washington 
County Court 1884-8; states attorney 
Washington County 1 890-6 ; railroad com- 
missioner 1 896-8, chairman of the board 
from 1 897 ; represented Roxbury in the 
Legislature 1884 and 1886; senator from 
Washington County 1900; was lieutenant- 
governor 1902-1904; and was elected 
Judge of the Superior Court Oct. 22, 
19O8. which office he now holds. Is a 
Congregationalist. Is vice-president of 
the Vermont Society of Sons of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. 

BUTLER, Fred Mason, Rutland. 
Judge since 1909- Born Jamaica, May 
28. 18.54; son of Aaron Mason and Eme- 
line (Muzzy) Butler. Educated in the 
public schools of Jamaica, and Leland and 
Gray Seminary. Nov. 24, 1875, married 
I>illian Holton of Dummerston; they have 
three children, Anza Lillian, Helen Maria, 
and P'lorence Muzzy. Before leaving 
school he began the studv of law with 
Jonathan G. P^ddy, Esq., of Jamaica, later 
studying in the office of Hon. E. L. Water- 
man and Hon. Hoyt H. Wheeler; admitted 
to Vermont Bar March, 1877; in August 
following entered into a co-partnership 
with Hon. .Joel C. Baker of Rutland, which 
was discontinu(;d at the end of one year; 




ill partnersliip with Hon. L. W. Reding- 
ton, continuing six years; in 1884 formed 
partnership with Hon. Thomas W. Mo- 
loney, which continued 24 years. Was at- 
torney for electric lighting and street rail- 
way companies, and was largely instru- 
mental in effecting consolidation and or- 
ganizing the Rutland Railway, Light and 
Power Co.; president Vermont Bar Associ- 
ation 1906-7; has for many years been a 
director in the Baxter National Bank, and 
until elected a superior judge was director 
in Rutland Railway Light and Power Co. 
and State ^lutual Fire Insurance Co. Is 
a Republican ; many times delegate to state 
and other conventions; town grand juror 
1882-4; city attorney 1884-9; city judge 
1889-95, under appointments by Gover- 
nors Dillingham. Page and Fuller, declin- 
ing further service as city judge to devote 
his time to law practice. Senator from 
Rutland County 1908, and in January, 
1909- elected superior judge, which office 
he now holds. Is a Baptist; trustee of 
the permanent fund of Rutland Baptist 
Church ; president of Vermont Baptist 
state convention 1909 and re-elected 1910. 

FISH, Frank Leslie, Vergennes. 
Judge. Born Newfane, Sept. 17, 18().S; 
son of Frederick Appleton and Sarah 
Moore (Gates) Fish. Educated at Le- 
land and Gray Seminary, Townshend, and 
Vermont Academy, Saxtons River. In 
1892 married Mary Jane Lyon of Water- 
bury, Vt. ; they have three children, Sarah 
Katherine, Frederick Lyon, and Prudence 
Hopkins. Fitted for the law in the of- 
fice of Hon. James M. Tyler, Brattleboro, 
and Hon. Levant M. Reed, Bellows Falls; 
practiced in the state and federal courts 
since admission to the Bar in 1889; lo- 
cated in Vergennes 1890. Is a Republi- 
can ; city collector for five years ; states 
attorney for Addison County, 1891-1900; 
national bank examiner for Vermont 1900- 
8 ; represented Vergennes in the Legisla- 
ture 1908; appointed by Governor Mead, 
Feb. 15, 1912, sixth Superior Court Judge, 
to fill a vacancy caused by the death of 
Judge Alfred A. Hall. Member of Dor- 
chester Lodge Xo. 1, F. & A. ]M., Ver- 
gennes; the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows; and the Order of Knights of 
Pythias. An attendant of the Congrega- 
tional Church. 


ABBOTT, Edward S., Montpelier. Ed- 
ucator. Born Troy, Oct. 2, 1882; son of 
Oscar W. and Eliza (Mathews) Abbott. 
Educated at Derby Academy and Univer- 
sity of Vermont, Ph. B. I969. Was prin- 
cipal Milton High School, 1903-5; of 
Montpelier High School since 1909- In 
religious preference a Unitarian. Mem- 
ber of Seneca Lodge No. 40, F. & A. M., 
of Milton; Kappa Sigma fraternity; and 
I'hi Beta Kappa Society. 

ABBOTT, George Oscar, Brattleboro. 
Merchant. Born Thetford, March 25, 
1851; son of James Munroe and Lovina 
M. (Cross) Abbott. Educated at Thet- 
ford public schools. In 1 873 married 
Viola M. Campbell of Sutton; they have 
two children, Ethel L. (Mrs. Walter J. 
Ackerman) and Sherman Franklin. At 
the age of 15 learned the mason's trade 
of his father, continuing with him initil 
1881; collector for Singer Sewing Ma- 
chine Co. in Oxford County, Me., 1881-7; 
engaged in meat and provision business, 
Lebanon, N. H., 1887-1902, meanwhile 
conducting a wholesale business in White 
River Junction two years ; went to Brat- 
tleboro 1902 and established present meat 
business, taking his son Sherman into part- 
nership in 1907, under firm name of 
George O. Abbott & Son. Is a Repub- 
lican. Member of Congregational Church; 
and Protection Grange No. 22, P. of H. 

ABELL, Charles E., Orwell. Farmer. 
Born Orwell, May 2, 1836; son of Mason 
S. and Mary H. (Dickinson) Abell. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of Orwell, Troy 
Conference Academy, and Middlebury 
College, class of I86I. In 1867 married 
Mary Jane Root of Orwell. Enlisted as 
private in Co. H. 5th Vermont Volun- 
teers, Sept. i. I86I; discharged from 
service for disability Jan. 20, 1 862 ; re- 
enlisted as captain of Co. D, 14th Ver- 
mont Volunteers, Aug. 29, 1862, serving 
in that capacity until the regiment was 
mustered out of service July 30, 1 863 ; 

principal engagement, Gettysburg. In 
the fall of 1865 occupied the farm at 
"Abell's Corners," which was cleared by 
his ancestors, who came to Orwell in 1784, 
and where he has since been engaged in 
farming. A Republican ; has held most 
of the elective offices in the gift of the 
town ; represented Orwell in the Legisla- 
ture 1876; senator from Addison County 
1892. A Congregationalist ; member In- 
dependent Lodge No. 10, F. & A. M., of 
Orwell; Farmers' Chapter No. 9, R. A. 
]\L, of Brandon; Mt. Calvary Command- 
ery No. 1, K. T., of Middlebury. 

ABERNETHY, Frank D., Burlington. 
Merchant. Born New Haven, Dec. 28, 
1858; son of Ira and Mary (Lawrence) 
Abernethy. Educated in the public 
schools and Bristol Academy. Mr. Aber- 
nethy is unmarried. In October, 1880, 
began his business career as clerk in store 
of Lyman & Allen, Burlington ; admitted 
to partnership in firm in 1 885 ; on death 
of Mr. Lyman in 1890 became equal part- 
ner with Mr. Allen, under the firm name 
of H. W. Allen & Co.; in 1910 purchased 
Mr. Allen's interest in the firm, now the 
largest dry goods establishment in Ver- 
mont. Is a Republican; an Episcopalian. 
Member Washington Lodge No. 3, F. & 

A. M., Burlington; Algonquin and Ethan 
Allen clubs; and Waubanakee Golf Club. 

ADAMS, Benjamin Franklin, White 
River Junction. Builder, contractor and 
lumber dealer. Born Canaan. N. H., Sept. 
21, 1883; son of Ephraim and Philomine 
(Roberts) Adams. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of White River Junction. In 
1908 married Grace LaPorte of Lebanon, 
N. H. Telegraph operator 10 years for 
Central Vermont. New York, New Haven 
6t Hartford, and Boston & Maine rail- 
roads. In October. I9O8. in company with 
his brother formed the building, contract- 
ing and lumber dealing firm of P. E. & 

B. F. Adams, with office and plant at 
Wliite River Junction. Member of St. 




Anthony's (Catholic) Church, White River 
Junction. Member of Modern Woodmen 
of America ; assistant deputy for Wind- 
sor. Windham and Washington counties. 

ADAMS, Frank G.. Guildhall. Mer- 
chant and postmaster. Born Concord, 
Xov. -27. 1854; son of Horace and Emily 
(Carpenter) Adams. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Concord and Maidstone. 
Moved from Concord to Maidstone with 
his parents 1869; remained on the home 
farm. Maidstone, until 1880; worked on 
another farm tliat summer; from then un- 
til November. 1885, was employed at a 
sawmill in Guildhall ; then returned to the 
home farm, remaining there till 1902, when 
he sold the farm and purchased a small 
farm in Guildhall, and in 1909 a store in 
Guildhall; received the appointment of 
postmaster 191O. Is a Republican; has 
been town clerk and treasurer three years ; 
justice of the peace nine years; county 
treasurer five years ; probation officer five 
years ; and has held various other town 
offices. A Congregationalist. Secretary 
of Benton Lodge No. 88, F. & A. M.'; 
and member of the Grange. 

ADAMS. Frank Willard, White River 
Junction. Merchant. Born Xov. 24, 1881 ; 
son of George Henry and Alice S. (Jones) 
Adams. Educated in the public schools 
and Black River Academy. His first mar- 
riage was to Ethel E. Fletcher, who died 
1.90,'); in 1910 married Grace Adelaide 
Congdon. Employed in a clothing store 
at Woodstock previous to 1904, when the 
partnership of Adams & Smith, clothing 
merchants, was formed, continuing to date. 
A Rtpublican ; a Baptist. Member of 
United Br.thrtn Lodge, F. & A. M., Cas- 
cadnac Chaj)ter, and Vermont Command- 
ery; Claremont Lodge, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks; Mystic Lodge, 
K. P.. and Modern ^^'oodmen of America. 

AD.VM.S. Frkdkhh Chahlks, Brattle- 
boro. Bank teller. Born Bratthlioro. 
Jan. .SL 1H79; son of Lcroy F. and Ella 
II. (Crosby) Adams. Educated at lirat- 
thl)oro High .Sehool, class of 1896. In 
1.902 married Marion Ruth Hunt of Brat- 
tjeboro; ihcy have two children, Lyman 
Crosby and Ebanor Ruth. Entered Peo- 
plf's .Vatiorial Hank as messenger in 1896; 
flirted teller in 1 fyo6. wliicli position he 
still holds. Is a Rej)iibliean. A Congre- 

gationalist. Member of Brattleboro Lodge 
No. 102, F. & A. M.; Fort Dummer Chap- 
ter No. 12, R. A. M.; Connecticut River 
Council Xo. 16, R. & S. M.; Beauseant 
Commandery No. 7, K. T. 

ADAMS, Edwin Philetus, Marlboro. 
Farmer. Born Marlboro, Oct. 18, 1848; 
son of Leander Clark and Augusta Char- 
lotte (Mather) Adams. Educated in the 
public and select schools of Marlboro. In 
1872 married Minerva E. Adams, who 
died 1880; they had two sons, Roy Leon 
and Henry Merle (deceased); in 1882 
married Ida Estella Dalrymple of Hali- 
fax ; they have one son, Gerald Leslie. 
Has always followed farming; came to 
the farm he now occupies when seven 
years old; taught school in Marlboro, West 
Dover, and W^est Guilford. A Republi- 
can; selectman 1878, 1884, 1889, and 
1896; auditor many years; lister, school 
director, town superintendent, treasurer, 
trustee of public money, town agent, and 
grand juror; town clerk five years; justice 
of the peace 25 years. Represented Marl- 
boro in the Legislature 1884, 1892, 1896, 
1902. and 19O8; senator from Windham 
County 1910. A Congregationalist; mem- 
ber of the standing committee, and deacon 
many years. Charter member of Marl- 
boro Grange, has been master three differ- 
ent periods ; now secretary ; librarian for 
a number of years for Library Associa- 

ADAMS, Elmer B., St. Louis, Mo., L . 
S. circuit judge. Born Pomfret, Oct. 27, 
1842; son of Jarvis and Eunice (Mitch- 
ell) Adams. Educated at Kimball Union 
Academy I86I; Yale University 1865; 
Harvard Law School, part of a course ; 
I>L. D. State University of Missouri 
1897, Washington University 19O8. In 
1 870 married Emma U. Richmond of 
Woodstock. After graduating at Yale 
engaged one year in the work of aiding 
poor white children of the South, under 
auspices of the American Union Commis- 
sion, collaborating with Rev. Lyman Ab- 
bott, the secretary of that commission; 
studied law afterwards in office of Wash- 
burn & Marsh, Woodstock, and at Har- 
vard Law School ; settled in St. Louis 
1 868 ; engaged in practice of law with 
much success for a new arrival, until 
1878, when he was elected judge of the 
circuit court in St. Louis, where for six 




yearS;, one full term, he tried cases in 
law and chancery in the court of original 
jurisdiction in such cases; declined re- 
election to his old court or to the court of 
appeals, both of which were offered to 
and urged upon him. In 1885 re-entered 
the practice of the law and had for 10 
years a large and lucrative practice in the 
higher courts, state and federal. In 1905 
President Cleveland appointed him U. S. 
district judge, in which position he served 
in St. Louis until 1905, when President 
Roosevelt promoted him to be U. S. cir- 
cuit judge for 8th judicial circuit. As 
district judge he sat in the trial of many 
great cases which attracted widespread 
attention; as circuit judge from 1905 to 
the present time, he has been a member 
of the U. S. circuit court of appeals 
and has sat for the most part exclusively 
in hearing appeals from 12 or 13 states 
constituting the 8th circuit. He was a 
member of the court which tried among 
many others, the great cases of the United 
States vs. Standard Oil Co., United 
States vs. Union Pacific and Southern Pa- 
cific R. R. Companies, United States vs. St. 
Louis Terminal Co., all involving alleged 
violations of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. 
and other cases controlling the judgments 
and decrees of the interstate commerce 
commission. Is still a regular attendant 
upon the sessions of the court of appeals, 
and at the present time has in charge the 
receivership of the Wabash Railroad Co. 
He appointed the receivers in December. 
1911, and they are now in full operation 
of road, under his supervision and control. 
Has been lecturer in law schools of the 
state ; is member and director of the 
Peace and Arbitration League of Amer- 
ica ; a member of the committee organized 
to celebrate the 100th anniversary of 
peace with England. A Democrat of the 
sound money kind ; has never held office 
except judicial offices. Is a member of 
many clubs in St. Louis, Mo., and in 
Woodstock. Has a country home in Wood- 
stock where he has spent much of his sum- 
mer vacations for many years, and has 
never failed to visit his native state and 
his home tcJwn except on two or three oc- 
casions when he spent his vacations in for- 
eign lands. Office, Custom House. Resi- 
dence, 25 Westmoreland Place, St. Louis. 

ADAMS. James Pixcknev Hexdersox. 
Fair Haven. Manufacturer. Born in the 

grand duchy of Saxe-Weimar, Germany, 
April 5, 1879; son of Edward White and 
Julia Biddle (Henderson) Adams, daugh- 
ter of James Pinckney Henderson, first 
governor of Texas and U. S. senator. 
Graduated from Newark Academy, New- 
ark, N. J.; Yale University, B. A.; and 
studied law at Columbia University and 
New York Law School. In 1902 married 
Florence Louise Day of East Orange, N. 
J.; they had three daughters, Julia Hen- 
derson (deceased), Florence Day, and 
Elizabeth McCall. In 19OI with German- 
American Fire Insurance Co. of New York 
City; in 1902 became one of its chief in- 
spectors, and was one of the two inspec- 
tors chosen by the National Board of Fire 
Underwriters to compile data for rerating 
the city of Brooklyn; in 1903 treasurer of 
a ]\Iaine slate company, with office in New 
York City; in 1904 treasurer Vermont 
Unfading Green Slate Co., and removed 
to Fair Haven, where he has since resided ; 
in 1906 elected president and treasurer of 
the same company, which position he still 
holds ; official delegate of the National As- 
sociation of Manufacturers and of the 
State of Vermont on the commission which 
went under auspices of Boston Chamber 
of Commerce to study industrial and mu- 
nicipal problems in Europe, I9II ; director 
Western Vermont and Rutland County Ag- 
ricultural Societies; president Vermont 
Structural Slate Co. since 1909; chairman 
executive committee National Slate Manu- 
facturers' Association since 1908; former 
president Vermont Slate Operators' Asso- 
ciation, and chairman of executive com- 
mittee since 1909; vice-president National 
Association of Manufacturers I9O8, 1910, 
and 1911. A Republican; delegate to 
state and district conventions 1906 and 
19O8, and the county convention I9IO; 
first alternate delegate-at-large to tlie na- 
tional Republican convention in Chicago 
I9O8; delegate to the National Tariff Com- 
mission conventions at Indianapolis 1909- 
and at Washington, D. C, 191I. Mem- 
ber of St. Luke's Protestant Episcoi)al 
Church; warden 190f)-12; lay reader 1910- 
1 1 ; elected delegate to diocesan convention 
1906, 1907, 1909, and 1910; delegate from 
diocese of ^'ermont to Episco})al (ieneral 
Convention at Cincinnati, 1910; president 
of St. Luke's Men's Club. Member of 
Eureka Lodge No. 75. F. & A. M.; Poult- 
ney Chapter No. 10, R. A. M. ; Killington 
Commanderv No. (). K. T., of Rutland: 




Cairo Temple, Mystic Shrine, of Rutland ; 
delegate to Imperial Council at Roches- 
ter, X. Y., 1911. and at Los Angeles. Cal., 
191~; past consul of Modern Woodmen of 
America; member of Prospect Grange; 
Yale Alumni Association of Vermont ; Yale 
Club of New York City; Masonic Associa- 
tion of Fair Haven, member of board of 
governors; National Geographic Society; 
American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science ; American Society for the 
Judicial Settlement of Industrial Dis- 
putes; American Academy of Political and 
Social Science; and Texas Historical As- 
sociation. While at Yale was on several 
championsliip athletic teams, first as a 
mile Avalker. and later became the college 
champion half-mile runner; held the Yale- 
Harvard half-mile record of l' 57 -i/S" 
for seven years; in 1899 went to England 
on the Yale-Harvard athletic team that 
raced against Oxford and Cambridge at 
Queen's Club. London; was member of 
the Yale relay team that won the intercol- 
legiate two-mile relay championship at 
Philadelphia in 1899, and broke the rec- 
ord ; in 1 898 was on the team that won 
the intercollegiate cross country champion- 
ship of America; and in 1899 was captain 
oi*the Yale team; in 1900 while at Colum- 
bia Law School won the Columbia cross 
country championship, and broke the 6 2/3 
mile record. 

ADAMS, Placide Ephraim, White 
River Junction. Contractor and builder. 
Born Lebanon. X. H.. Xov. 1, 1878; son 
of Ephraim and Fannie (Roberts) Adams. 
At an early age removed with his parents 
to Canaan, X. H. ; educated in the pub- 
lic schools there and in Franklin, X. H. 
In 1901 married Agnes Raymond of White 
Rivf-r Junction; they have three children, 
Ephraim Luke, Sarah Esther, and Robert 
Placide. Learned the carpenter's trade, 
and in 190.9 with his brother formed the 
firm of P. E. & B. F. Adams, builders and 
contractors, with a business which covers 
Vermont and X'ew Hampsl)ire. A Demo- 
crat. Member of .St. Anthony's Catholic 
Church; White River Junction Camp, 
Modern Woodmen of America, and Riche- 
lieu Court, Catholic Order of Foresters, 
of Lebanon, X. H. 

AD.SIT. KLKRiiKiK .S., Burlington. Coal 
merchant. Born Cliesterfield. X. Y., Sept. 
IT), iSr)(); son of Hollis and Mary (Bige- 

low) Adsit. Educated at Chesterfield pub- 
lic schools, Burlington Free Academy, ] 
and Langoly's Commercial College, Bur- 
lington. In 1883 married Millie A. Clary 
of Springfield, Mass. ; they have one 
daughter, Dorothy Clary. From 1867-75 
was in the employ of Luther Whitney, a 
contractor, as foreman; in 1875, with 
John J. Bigelow, purchased the coal busi- 
ness of S. K. Wells, which was carried 
on under the name of Adsit & Bigelow for 
1 8 years ; then purchased the Bigelow in- 
terest, doing business as E. S. Adsit for 
12 years, when a stock company was 
formed, the E. S. Adsit Coal Co., of which 
Mr. Adsit is president; in 1907 he laid 
out and built a street in Burlington which 
is named Adsit Place. Is director and 
vice president Burlington Mutual Fire In- 
surance Co. Is a Republican; has been 
chief of police, alderman, and is now mem- 
ber of the board of school commissioners. 
Is a member of the LTnitarian Church. A 
32 degree Scottish Rite Mason; member of 
Burlington Commandery X^o. 2, Knights 
Templar; Cairo Temple, Mystic Shrine; 
and Society of Colonial Wars. 

AITKEX, George, late of Woodstock. 
Farmer. Born Stirlingshire, Scotland, 
Jan. 5, 1852; died Woodstock, Sept. 19, 
1910 ; son of Thomas and Margaret 
(Drummond) Aitken. Received his early 
education in his native place. In 1875 
married Margaret Smith Anderson of Stir- 
ling, Scotland; they had five children, 
Margaret Fleming, Elizabeth Mary An- 
derson, Marion Allan, Agnes Anderson, 
and Dorothy (deceased). Mr. Aitken came 
to this country when 21 years of age; 
lived on Long Island for a few years; was 
also on an estate near Philadelphia for a 
short time; in 1883 was engaged as man- 
ager by the late Frederick Billings ; had 
a thorough knowledge of agriculture and 
was authority on the breeding of Jersey 
cattle; made the Billings herd famous 
throughout the country; at the World's ex- 
])osition at Chicago, 1893, they won more 
])rizes than any other of the many herds 
entered in the contest; was an alert task- 
master, and always had the respect of 
those under liim ; was widely known for 
his successful efforts to better the agricul- 
tural conditions in Vermont; was a mem- 
ber of the state board of agriculture for 
many years, and for three years its secre- 
tary ; j)resident of the Vermont Agricul- 

ye/)^ (2lzr.Z^ 




tural Society in 1 897 ; member of the Ver- 
mont Dairymen's Association, president 
1902-4; member of the state agricultural 
commission by appointment of Governor 
Prouty; member of the American Jersey 
Cattle Club; trustee of the University of 
Vermont; one of the trustees of the Sana- 
torium of Pittsford; represented Wood- 
stock in the Legislature 1904'. Of late 
years had given much attention to for- 
estry, setting out several plantations on 
Billings farm, and done much to develop 
general interest in the subject in Vermont. 
Perhaps no man in Vermont represented 
to a higher degree all that was progressive 
in the three branches, animal husbandry, 
agriculture, and forestry ; he was recog- 
nized as one of the best informed writers 
and speakers in these branches in Ver- 
mont. Was vice-president of the Vermont 
Forestry Association ; a delegate to the 
national conservation congress held at St. 
Paul 1910 ; an active member of the Wood- 
stock Improvement Society; and had been 
interested in the Windsor County Y. M. 
C. A. from its organization. Member of 
the Congregational Church at Woodstock. 
Past master of Woodstock Lodge No. 31, 
F. & A. M. ; member of Ottauquechee 
Chapter No. 21, R. A. M. ; Windsor Coun- 
cil No. 8, R. & S. M.; Vermont Command- 
ery No. 4, K. T. ; Mt. Sinai Temple, A. A. 
O. N. M. S.; and Woodstock Lodge, O. 
E. S. Had traveled extensively, his last 
trip in 19O8 into the heart of Africa, and 
a previous one through the Pacific states, 
the Canadian Rockies, and Alaska, being 
his two most noteworthy journeys. He 
was a clear-headed, warm-hearted Scotch- 
man, possessed of courage, ambition, and 
marked ability; in fact, a valuable and 
patriotic citizen. 

ALDRICH, Walter Johnston, St. 
Johnsbury. Physician, surgeon, obstetri- 
cian; was born Nov. 3, 1866, in Lyman, 
N. H. ; and is in the ninth generation from 
George Aldrich who came to Massachusetts 
in 1631 from Derbyshire, England. He 
was educated at St. Johnsbury Academy ; 
and in 1893 graduated from the Bellevue 
Hospital Medical College of New York 
City. He has been a lecturer on obstetrics 
at the training school for nurses; and staff 
physician at the Brightlook Hospital. He 
has been major and surgeon of the first 
regiment of the Vermont uniform rank. 
Knights of Pythias; is United States pen- 

sion examiner; life insurance examiner; 
now makes a specialty of surgery and 

ALEXANDER, Marshall Henry, St. 
Albans City. Lawyer. Born St. Albans, 
Sept. 24, 1861; son of Henry G. and Al- 
vira S. (Greene) Alexander. Educated 
in the public schools and St. Albans 
Academy. In 1884 married Bertha E. 
Atchinson of Jericho, who died 191O; 
they had three children, only one of whom 
now survives, a daughter, Ruth. Admitted 
to the Vermont Bar 1883; admitted to 
the New York Bar in 1897, and practiced 
there for a few years; returned to Ver- 
mont, and resided in town of Georgia for 
several years; in 1907 opened an office in 
St. Albans, and has since been actively 
engaged in the practice of law. Is a Re- 
publican; represented Georgia in the 
Legislature I9O6; chairman of committee 
on elections, and a member of several other 
committees; served as a justice of the 
peace in Georgia six years ; constable and 
collector five years ; superintendent of 
schools for two years ; at present a mem- 
ber of the Republican city committee of 
St. Albans. In religious belief a Meth- 

ALFRED, John B., St. Albans. Farmer 
and deputy sheriff. Born Fairfax. April 
23, 1845; son of Samuel D. and Polly S. 
(Smith) Alfred. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools. In 1866 married Susan A. 
Bradley of Fairfield; the}'^ have four chil- 
dren, Anna E., Samuel D.. Nathan B., 
and Chauncey A. From 1866-7 engaged 
with his father in mercantile business in 
Fairfax; purchased the business and con- 
tinued to 1897; since 1898 has been dep- 
uty sheriff, St. Albans. Is a Republican; 
represented Fairfax in the Legislature 
I896. In religious belief a Baptist. 

ALGER, Luke A., Richmond. Farmer. 
Born Richmond, March I6. 18r)8; son of 
Alonzo W. and Melissa (Blair) Alger. 
Educated at ]iublic scliools and Vermont 
Metliodist Seminary. In 1883 married 
Hattie S. Wood of Potsdam, N. Y. ; they 
have three children. Adelbert G., Alice 
M. (Mrs. P. W. Severance of Colchester), 
and Bertha J. Mr. Alger's business life 
has always been closely connected with 
the farm ; is carrying on the farm which 
has been in the family three generations. 



Is a Democrat; selectman three years. A 
member of the Baptist Church for 30 
years; superintendent of the Sunday 
school; steward and member of ministerial 
committee for 20 years. 

ALLARD, Christopher G., Winooski. 
Town clerk and treasurer. Born Winoo- 
ski. Oct. 8, 1857; son of Francis E. and 
Cecilia (Gordon) Allard. Educated in 
the public and parochial schools^ and Mon- 
treal College. Montreal, P. Q. In 1878 
married Zoe Pariseau of Winooski; they 
had nine children, Francis C, T. Henry 
(deceased), Julian F., Joseph E. (de- 
ceased), Mary C, Zoe A., J. William, 
Louis C. (deceased), and Evelyn A. (de- 
ceased). Employed in the office of the 
Burlington cotton mill two years; spinner, 
and later foreman of the spooling and 
twisting room of the Burlington woolen 
mill until 1882; clerk in Carpenter Bros.' 
store 1882-5; for Piatt & Co. 1885-8; 
postmaster, Winooski, 1888-92; assistant 
postmaster 1892-93; postmaster for the 
second time 1893-97; engaged in the steam 
laundry business 1897-1903. A Demo- 
crat; in 1903 elected town clerk and in 
1905 town treasurer; village treasurer, 
district school clerk, and graded school 
treasurer. A member of St. Stephen's 
Roman Catholic Church. Member of Cath- 
olic Order of Foresters ; Knights of Co- 
lumbus; St. Peter's Society; and chief for- 
ester in Modern Woodmen of America. 

ALLARD, Francis E., Winooski. Mer- 
chant. Born Winooski, Maj' 29, 1856; 
son of Francis E. and Cecilia (Gordon) 
Allard. Educated in the public and paro- 
chial schools. In 1882 married Mary J. 
Maguire of Malone, N. Y. ; they had five 
children, Eugene F. (deceased), Edward 
James (deceased), Katherine C, Eliza- 
beth J., and Marguerite M. Employed 
in the Burlington woolen mills two years; 
in 1875 engaged in the manufacture and 
sale of candy; in 1 896 built the Allard 
block to which he removed his business, 
continuing the same until 1905; from 
1905-JO in the and tobacco business; 
in 1911 purchased the Pease clothing 
store, which he has conducted to date. 
Stockholder in Champlain Trust Co. A 
Democrat; lister and village president 
three years; first selectman four years; 
trustee one year; justice of the peace since 
I89O; overseer of the poor in 1902; water 

commissioner six years; represented Col- 
chester in the Legislature 1902, and again 
in 1910. Member of St. Stephen's Roman 
Catholic Church; financial secretary of 
Catholic Order of Foresters 10 years; 
chief ranger of Catholic Order of Forest- 
ers; member of St. Peter's Society; 
Knights of Columbus, and a member of 
Sherman's Military Band 32 years. 

ALLEN, Charles Edwin, Brattleboro. 
Florist and seedman. Born Westminster, 
Feb. 2, 1851; son of George Green and 
Almira (Carpenter) Allen. Educated at 
Brattleboro High School. In 1872 mar- 
ried Emma Maria Hodge of Groton, 
Mass. ; they have four children, Florence 
Cragin, Carroll Everett, Ralph George, 
and Louis Isaiah. Began business 1868 
as market gardener, building first green- 
houses 1872, increasing to about 12,000 
feet glass 1875-80; cultivated strawberries 
extensivel}^ ; and did large catalogue trade ; 
later supplying wholesale and retail trade 
in cut flowers and plants; since 1906 a 
successful contractor and builder, and 
manufacturer cement blocks. Is a Re- 
publican, and a Congregationalist. 

ALLEN, Charles Edwin, Burlington. 
Lawyer. Born Burlington, Nov. 28, 
1838; son of Joseph Dana and Eliza 
Rachel (Johnson) Allen. Educated in 
Burlington public schools. University of 
Vermont, class of 1859; and Albany Law 
School (Union College) 1864. In 1867 
married Ellen Cornelia Lyman, only 
daughter of Elias and Cornelia (Hall) 
Lyman of Burlington, who died 1896; 
thev had three children, Joseph Dana 
of " Buffalo, N. Y., Dr. Lyman Al- 
len, and Florence Lyman (Mrs. William 
P. Remington of Minneapolis, Minn.). 
Admitted to the Vermont Bar 1864; • 
made a specialty of patent laws ; prac- 1 
ticed law in New York city 1864-7, since 
then in Burlington. Is a Republican; al- 
derman of city 1878-82; city assessor 
1882; school commissioner 1883-96; city 1 
clerk 1886-1 903. Is an Episcopalian; | 
was for several years vestryman of St. 
Paul's Church, Burlington. Secretary of 
Alumni Association University of Vermont 
sinet; 1870; member of Ethan Allen Club; . 
Algonquin Club; Sons of American Revo- 1 
lution ; Society of Colonial Wars; Chitten- 
den County Bar Association, of which he 
has been vice president and j)resident; and 
the State Bar Association. 




ALLEN J George Bassett, Hyde Park. 
Farmer, lumber dealer, and insurance. 
Born Johnson, May 13, 186i; son of 
Leonard and Cynthia (Bassett) Allen. 
Educated at Lamoille Central Academy, 
Hyde Park ; Johnson Normal School ; and 
University of Vermont. In 1890 married 
Lona Mower of Eden ; they have two sons, 
Leo M. and Nathan L. Taught school 
three years ; was traveling salesman for 
C. E. Webb & Co., wholesale druggists, 
Jackson, Mich., two years ; since then has 
been engaged as farmer, lumber dealer, 
and insurance agent. Is a Republican; 
represented Hyde Park in the Legislature 
1898; one of the committee on claims; has 
held the offices of selectman, lister, school 
director, school superintendent, constable, 
town grand juror, and justice of the 
peace ; is president of the Gihon Valley 
School Union, embracing the towns of 
Eden, Hyde Park, and Johnson. Is a 
Congregationalist. Master of Gihon Val- 
ley Grange; Councilor, Junior Order of 
United American ]Mechanics ; member of 
Waterman Lodge No. 83, F. & A. ]\L, of 
Johnson; Tucker Chapter No. 15, R. A. 
M., of Morrisville; Bliss Lodge No. 44, 
I. O. O. F., of Hardwick; and ^Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

ALLEN, Heman Woods, Burlington. 
Retired merchant. Born Westford, April 
3, 1844; son of John and Clarissa (Rice) 
Allen. Educated in the public schools, 
and a graduate of Eastman Business Col- 
lege, Poughkee23sie, N. Y., 1864; was an 
instructor in that institution several 
months. In 1869 married Jennie D. 
Dods of Burlington; she died 187o; in 
1881 married Juliette W. Keeler of Bur- 
lington; she died 1906; from this mar- 
riage was born one son, Edward Lyman. 
Was clerk for Edward Lyman 1864-8, 
when he became a member of the dry 
goods firm of Lyman & Allen 1868-90; 
after the death of Mr. Lyman in 1890 the 
business was conducted under the name of 
H. W. Allen & Co.; in 1910 he retired 
from the firm ; has been director of the 
Merchants National Bank since 1 890 ; vice 
president since I906; and vice president 
of the Farmers and ^lechanics Loan and 
Trust Company of Burlington. Was pri- 
vate Co. A, 13th Vermont Regiment 1862- 
3; first lieutenant Vermont Militia 1864- 
8 ; inspector or rifle practice on the staff 
of Governor Woodburv with rank as 

colonel 1 894-6. Is a Republican; rep- 
resented Chittenden County in Senate 
1896-8; delegate to Rei)ublican National 
Convention, Chicago, 1904. An Episco- 
palian; member of the vestry of St. Pauls 
Church for 30 years; junior warden 24 
years ; now senior warden. Is a member 
Stannard Post No. 2, G. A. R. ; Sons of 
American Revolution; Society of Colonial 
Wars; Algonquin Club; and Ethan Allen 

ALLEN, John H., Hinesburg. Har- 
ness maker and merchant. Born Hines- 
burg, July 18, 1838; son of John and Rox- 
ana (Carpenter) Allen. Educated in the 
public schools of Hinesburg, Peoi^le's 
Academy, Morrisville, and Potsdam Acad- 
emy, Potsdam, N. Y. In 1857 married 
Elizabeth Burns of Charlotte; they had 
seven children. Nelson Leroy (deceased), 
John C, Mary L. (Mrs. Henry Cassidy, 
Springfield, Mass.), Katherine (Mrs. A. 
L. Walker, Burlington), Howard (de- 
ceased), Florence E., and ^label (Mrs. 
Charles Clifford, Brandon). Employed 
in the stores of !M. Hull, and Charles 
Phelps, Hinesburg, three j^ears, and for 
C. F. Stainford, Burlington, one year; in 
I860 took up his father's business of har- 
ness making which he has continued to 
date, having been in the business 50 years. 
Enlisted in Co. G, 14th Vermont Regi- 
ment, Sept. 8, 1862; elected 1st lieuten- 
ant; participated in the battle of Gettys- 
burg; mustered out July 30, 1863. Cap- 
tain of Co. H, Vermont National Guard, 
1872-3. A Republican; has held nearly 
all the town offices; represented Hines- 
burg in the Legislature 1880, elected in 
1900, and re-elected in 1902 and 1904; 
assistant judge of Chittenden County. 
:\Iember of the Baptist Church; superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school for 30 years. 
Junior warden of Patriot Lodge No. 33. 
F. & A. M., for several years; was first 
commander Cummings Post No. 37, G. A. 
R.; companion of ^>rmont Commandery 
of the Loyal Legion. 

ALLEN, John- M.. St. Johnsbury. Phy- 
sician and surgeon. Born St. Jolinsbury, 
Feb. 4, 1868; son of David S. and Abi- 
gail (Alvord) Allen. Educated at St. 
Johnsbury Academy, graduated 1889; 
University of Vermont Medical College, 
graduated 1890; and Bellevue Hospital 
Medical College. New York. 1891. In 




1893 married Winnifred D. Hall of St. 
Johnsbury. Has practiced his profession 
in St. Johnsbury; for the past seven years 
has confined himself solely to surgery. Is 
a Republican. Secretary of U. S. board 
of pension examiners; colonel and sur- 
geon-in-chief on staff of Gov. John A. 
Mead. Is an attendant of the Congrega- 
tional Church. Member of Passumpsic 
Lodge No. 27, F. & A. M.; Haswell 
Chapter No. 11, R. A. M.; Caledonia 
Council No. 13, R. & S. M.; Palestine 
Commandery No. 5, K. T., and Mt. Sinai 
Temple, Mystic Shrine. 

ALLEN^ Lyman, Burlington. Physi- 
cian and surgeon. Born Burlington, May 
21, 1872; son of Charles Edwin and Ellen 
Cornelia (Lyman) Allen. Educated at 
University of Vermont, and University of 
Vermont College of Medicine; degree of 
A. B. 1893, and M. D. 1896. In 1898 
married Mary Cutler Torrey of Beverly, 
Mass.; they have two children, Torrey 
and Elizabeth. Was in Boston City Hos- 
pital as surgical interne 1895-7; attending 
surgeon to Fanny Allen Hospital; visiting 
physician to the Home for Destitute Chil- 
dren, and the Providence Orphan Asylum; 
adjimct professor of surgery in the Uni- 
versity of Vermont College of Medicine. 
Is a Republican. A member of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church; vestryman 
of St. Paul's Church; member of the board 
of trustees of Vermont Episcopal Insti- 
tute, Rock Point. Member of American 
Medical Association; Vermont State Med- 
ical Society, Burlington and Chittenden 
County Clinical Society, of which he is a 
former president ; University Research 
Club, former president; president of Uni- 
versity of Vermont Athletic Association; 
vice president of Alj^ha Chapter of Ver- 
mont, Phi Beta KajDpa ; member of Sigma 
Phi Fraternity; Ethan Allen Club; and 
Waubanaukee Golf Club. 

ALLEX, Lyman Richards, Johnson. 
Educator. Born East Bridgewater, Mass., 
Feb. 26', 1873; son of James Sidney and 
Alice (Richards) Allen. Educated in the 
public -schools East Bridgewater, including 
high school (four years' Latin course) 
1889; Bridgewater State Normal School, 
1894; Lawrence Scientific School (Har- 
vard University), course in science for 
teachers, with degree S. B. 1898; and 

Harvard University summer sessions. In 
1902 married Catherine AViley Parker of 
North Adams, Mass. ; they have two chil- 
dren, Alice Parker and Charles Warren. 
Employed in various departments of his 
father's shoe factory, Brockton, Mass., 
1 889-90 ; instructor in sciences in high 
school and director of nature study in the 
grades Plainfield, N. J., 1894-6; assistant 
in Cuban summer school. Harvard, 1900;j 
instructor State Normal School, North Ad- 
ams, Mass., 1898-1 908; instructor Rhode] 
Island Normal School 1908-1909; princi-j 
pal Johnson State Normal since 1909; in- 
structor in Vermont summer schools at 1 
Burlington, Morrisville, St. Johnsbury, 
Barton, Windsor, Rutland, and Johnson 
during five seasons, and principal at sum- 
mer sessions of the Johnson Normal School 
1910 and 1911. A Republican; library 
trustee of Johnson. Member of Congre- 
gational Church; at various times actively 
connected with the Young Men's Christian 
Association, Sunday school, and Christian 
Endeavor society. Member Greylock j 
Lodge, F. & A. M., North Adams, Mass.; 
North Adams Country Club for a time; 
and various orchestras and bands. 

ANDERSON, George Pomeroy, Bos- 
ton, Mass. Editorial writer. Born St. 
Albans, Feb. 19, 1873; son of Stephen 
Brown and Mary Ann Frances (Pom- 
eroy) Anderson. Graduated at St. Albans 
High School in 1892, from the University 
of Vermont (A. B.) in 1896, and from 
the Y. M. C. A. Law School in Boston 
(LL. B.) in 1907. In 19OO married Per- 
sis Greely Dutcher of St. Albans; they 
have two daughters, Persis Greely and 
Frances Pomeroy. Was on local staff of 
St. Albans Messenger in 1896-97, and a 
law student in office of Wilson & Hall; 
has been connected with Boston Daily 
Globe since 1898 in various capacities, 
and is now one of its editorial writers. 
Is a Republican; member of Boston com- 
mon council from ward 10 in 1907, and 
of Boston board of aldermen in 1908 
and 1909. Is a member of the Suffolk 
County Bar. Is a member of St. John's 
Lodge, F. & A. M., of Boston, and of St. 
Andrew's Chapter, R. A. M. ; and belongs 
to the Boston City Club, the Boston 
Newspaper Club, the Vermont Historical 
Society, and the Vermont Association of 




ANDERSON, George R., Brattleboro. 
Physician and surgeon. Born Plattsburg, 
N. Y., Sept. 14, 1875; son of Moses R. 
and Emma (Riley) Anderson. Educated 
at Plattsburg High School, Rutland Eng- 
lish and Classical Institute, and Univer- 
sity of Vermont, A. B. 1898. Began prac- 
tice in 1898 as assistant surgeon 1st Regi- 
ment Vermont Volunteer Infantry ; interne 
Mary Fletcher Hospital 1899; practiced 
in Pittsford 1900; Brattleboro since 1901; 
major and chief surgeon Medical Depart- 
ment, State of Vermont; attending sur- 
geon Brattleboro Memorial Hospital ; took 
post graduate courses at New York, Chi- 
cago, Rochester, Boston, and Philadel- 
phia. Enlisted May, 1898, 1st Regiment 
Vermont Volunteer Infantry ; served as 
hospital steward and assistant surgeon; 
discharged November, 1898. A Republi- 
can. Member of Masonic fraternity; 
member of Congress of Surgeons of North 
America ; American Medical Association ; 
Vermont State Medical Society; Connect- 
icut River Medical Society ; Windham 
County Medical Society; Brattleboro Phy- 
sicians' Club; Vermont Wheel Club; Mili- 
tary Order of Foreign Wars ; Association 
of Military Surgeons ; medical examiner 
New York Life, Provident Life and Trust, 
Aetna Life, Metropolitan Life, and Equi- 
table Life Insurance Companies. 

ANGELL, William Henry, Spring- 
field. Merchant. Born Barnard, Jan. 9, 
1854; son of Allen A. and Manvina 
(Frink) Angell. Educated in the public 
schools of Windsor. In 1880 married Sarah 
Jane Booth of Windsor ; they have four 
children, Clarence E., Nellie E., Pearl M., 
and Eva V. Employed on farm and in 
cotton mills in Windsor for five years ; 
then in a grocery store; engaged in fur- 
niture and undertaking business in Wind- 
sor. In 1893 came to Springfield as man- 
ager of Springfield Wall Paper and Shade 
Co. ; also as undertaker and funeral direc- 
tor. Mr. Angell is a Republican; is a 
member of the Red Men and New Eng- 
land Order of Protection. 

ANNIS, Orien S., North Troy. Law- 
yer. Born near North Troy, Nov. 15, 
1 866 ; son of Laurens Koster and Ella Me- 
lissa (Hull) Annis. Educated at Westfield 
Academy, Johnson State Normal School, 
and by private tutors. In 1890 married 
Ida E. Campbell of Georgia; they have 

three children, Ruth E., Paul C, and 
Grace. Studied law with the late Hon. 
H. C. Wilson, North Troy; admitted to 
the Vermont Bar 1890, at the head in a 
class of 13; since practiced law at North 
Troy; states attorney for Orleans County 
1895-99. A Republican. Superintendent 
of public schools in Westfield several 
years; member of the Orleans County 
board of education from Westfield; post- 
master Westfield, Feb., 1887, to June, 
1888; probation oflicer for Orleans Coun- 
ty; chairman of the board of village trus- 
tees of North Troy; senator from Orleans 
County 1902-1904; chairman of the judi- 
ciary committee; is member of second con- 
gressional district Republican committee; 
served under appointment of Governor 
Prouty as one of the committee of three 
to arrange for the preparation and pub- 
lication of a digest of all the decisions of 
the supreme court of State of Vermont; 
chairman of Orleans County Republican 
committee for past 10 years. In religious 
preference a Congregationalist. Member 
of Masonic Union Lodge No. 16, F. & 
A. M., of Troy. 

ARCHIBALD, Frank C, Manchester 
Center. Lawyer. Born Exeter, N. H., Dec. 
31, 1857; son of Thomas H. and Susan 
W. (Tuck) Archibald. Educated at Mid- 
dlebury High School, class of 1876, and 
Vermont Academy. Admitted to Vermont 
Bar in 1886; located at Manchester Cen- 
ter 1888; associated in law practice with 
Joseph G. Martin previous to 1897; since 
that date in practice alone. Is a Repub- 
lican; states attorney of Bennington Coun- 
ty 1892-4; represented Manchester in the 
I-egislature 1904 and 1906; senator from 
Bennington County 1910. In religious 
preference a Baptist. Member of Adoni- 
ram Lodge No. 42, F. & A. M., of Man- 
chester Center. 

ARNOLD, Francis J., Burlington. 
Physician. Born Burlington, Oct. 10. 
1872; son of Joseph and Marj^ S. (Cum- 
mings) Arnold. Educated at St. Joseph's 
College, and University of Vermont Col- 
lege of Medicine, class of 1901. House 
surgeon Mary Fletcher Hospital 1901 to 
1903; postgraduate work in diseases of 
the eye, ear, nose, and throat in Philadel- 
phia hospitals 1903 to 1904; began prac- 
tice in Burlington in 1904; a specialist in 
diseases of the eye, ear, nose, and throat; 




ophthalmologist, otologist, and laryiigolo- 
gist to the Fanny Allen Hospital and 
Providence Orphan x\sylum and Hospital; 
examiner in diseases of the eye, ear, nose^ 
and throat for the United States bureau 
of pensions. Is Independent in politics. 
Member of the Catholic Church. Member 
of the American Medical Association; New 
England Otological and Laryngological 
Society; Vermont State Medical Society; 
Burlington and Chittenden County Clini- 
cal Society; National Geographic Society; 
Knights of Columbus; Ethan Allen Club; 
American Automobile Association; Auto- 
mobile Club of Vermont ; and Green Moun- 
tain Club. 

ARNOLD. Seth Fenelon, Boston. 
Mass. Physician and surgeon. Born 
Westminster. Dec. 21, 1878; son of Fene- 
lon and Emily Augusta (Marsh) Arnold. 
Educated in the public schools of West- 
minster, and Walpole, N. H. Was grad- 
uated from Kimball Union Academy. 
Meriden, N. H., 1896; Vermont Acad- 
emy. Saxtons River, 1899; in attendance 
at Rose Polytechnic Institute, Terre 
Haute. Ind., two and one-half years; re- 
ceived degree of M. D. from Tufts Col- 
lege Medical School, 1908; special course 
in Harvard Medical School, 1906. Teacher 
in Westminster, 1901-2; with New Eng- 
land Telephone and Telegraph Co., 1903- 
4 ; engaged in practice of medicine since 
1908. Is a Republican; member of Bos- 
ton City Committee and secretary of 
Ward 12 committee 1906-7; member of 
Boston City Council, representing Ward 
12, 1908-9; represented Twelfth Suffolk 
District, Massachusetts Legislature, 1910; 
clerk of committee on public health, 
member National Lancers and Troop A, 
1st Squadron Cavalry, M. V. M.; Sons 
of American Revolution ; Mercantile Li- 
brary Association ; Sigma Nu Fraternity ; 
Boston Alumni Chapter Sigma Nu, presi- 
dent past five years and at present time; 
AL'iSsachusetts Republican Club; Vermont 
-Association of Boston ; Lincoln Club of 
Boston ; Kimball Union Academy Club of 
Boston ; Vermont Academy Club of Bos- 
ton, member of advisory committee of 
Vermont Academy ; office and residence, 
9i ^^'orcester St., Boston, Mass. 

ASELTINE, AzRo M., Burlington. Life 
insurance. Born Morgan, March 7, 1869; 
son of Alanson M. and Esther D. (Tra- 

ver) Aseltine. Educated in the public 
schools. In 1892 married Anna B. Beatty 
of Enosburg Falls; they have two chil- 
dren, Kenneth M. and Esther D. Previ- 
ous to 1891' employed as clerk in a store, 
and as commercial traveler; engaged in 
general insurance and real estate, Enos- 
burg Falls, 1894-1 909, when he sold the 
business to his brother, Albert A. Asel- 
tine, removed to Burlington, and took the 
general agency for the state of Vermont 
for the Equitable Life Assurance Society 
of New York. Is a Republican; was vil- 
lage trustee and chairman of Republican 
town committee in Enosburg. Member 
of Methodist Episcopal Church; steward 
of the church, and president of Men's So- 
cial LT^nion. Past grand of the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows. 

ASHLEY, Alton B., Milton. Postmas- 
ter. Born Milton, April 12, 1874; son 
of Azro B. and Jane (Warner) Ashley. 
Educated at Milton graded school. In 
1896 married Lillian E. Perry of Milton; 
they have three children living, Mildred 
J., Laura May, and Kenneth Clement. 
Entered the employ of the Franklin Coun- 
ty Creamery at St. Albans, April, 1892, 
remaining with them 1 2 years ; manager 
of the hardware business of W. H. Hale 
& Co., 1896-1900; in the hardware busi- 
ness for himself from 1900 to Jan. 1, 
1 909 ; appointed postmaster by Theodore 
Roosevelt, March 11, 19O8. A Republi- 
can ; school trustee six years ; lister three 
3'ears; village clerk since May, 1905; 
served on the Chittenden County Repub- 
lican committee I906 and 1907. An at- 
tendant of the Congregational Church. 
Member of Amitie Camp No. 8038, Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America, served as clerk 
eight years ; member of Seneca Lodge No. 
40, F. & A. M., elected secretary I9II. 

ATHERTON, Luther Henry, Mont- 
pelier. Purchasing agent National Life 
Insurance Co. Born Duxbury, Feb. 13, 
1870; son of Frank H. and Lillie C. 
(Taylor) Atherton. Educated at Water- 
bury High School, Minard's Commercial 
College, and Vermont Methodist Semi- 
nary. In 1 893 married Mary L. Stickney 
of Montpelier. Was clerk in postoffice at 
Waterbury four and a half years ; book- 
keeper in Vermont State Asylum, Water- 
bury, four years ; engaged in boot and 
shoe business, Waterbury, two years ; and 




has been in the employ of National Life 
Insurance Co. for 13 years. Is a Repub- 
lican ; is alderman city of Montpelier ; Avas 
president of Young Men's Republican 
Club in Waterbury, 1892. In religious 
preference a Methodist. Member of In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows^ and 
New England Order of Protection. 

ATWOOD, Francis S., Woodstock. 
Hotel keeper and live stock dealer. Born 
Barnard, Feb. 4, 1863; son of Alvin O. 
and Waitstell L. (Shurtleif) Atwood. Edu- 
cated in the public schools. In 1893 mar- 
ried Carrie A. Wilder of Woodstock. En- 
gaged in farming at Woodstock previous 
to 1905, when he purchased the Commer- 
cial House, Woodstock, which he has thor- 
oughly overhauled and made into an up- 
to-date hostelry. Is an extensive dealer 
in live stock, shipping to Boston markets. 
Is a Republican. A member of the Chris- 
tian Church. 

AUBERY, James Madison, Los An- 
geles, Cal. Business man. Born Burling- 
ton, Jan. 1, 1843; son of Albert and Al- 
mira (Blish) Aubery. Educated in public 
schools, select school, and Burlington 
Academy. In 1866 married Frances Cook 
of Milwaukee, Wis. ; they have three chil- 
dren, James, who married Paulina C. Ful- 
ler, daughter of the late Chief Justice 
Melville W. Fuller; Fantine (Mrs. D. H. 
Miller), and Lelia Vanderbilt (Mrs. 
P'rank Pettee). On leaving Burlington 
Academy was employed in the general 
merchandise stores of H. L. Moore and 
George L. Warner, Burlington ; in Octo- 
ber, 1863, he went to Milwaukee, Wis., 
where in February, 1864, he enlisted in 
the 36th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. 
Immediately after its organization, de- 
tailed as regimental clerk; promoted to 
sergeant-major, quartermaster-sergeant ; 
commissioned lieutenant in Co. G ; during 
part of his service was acting quartermas- 
ter and adjutant; was with the regiment 
during its whole service; took part in the 
battles of Cold Harbor, the Petersburg 
Campaign, and Appomattox Court House; 
was mustered out at the close of the war, 
after which he attended a commercial col- 
lege, graduated, and was employed as a 
teacher; afterwards, with Adjutant Ben- 
jamin D. Atwell, established a commercial 
college at Portage and Sparta, Wis. ; re- 
turning to Milwaukee in 1 869, he was em- 

ployed by the People's and Merchants' 
Despatch, a fast freight line; was soon 
promoted to cashier; tliis being soon after 
merged into the Mercliants' Despatch 
Transportation Co., he became agent for 
the company at Milwaukee; manager of 
the same at Chicago, 1877, holding the 
position until 1893, wlien he resigned to 
take the management of a packing house; 
returned to Milwaukee 1900; compiled 
and published a history of the 36th Wis- 
consin Volunteer Infantrv, which gives in 
detail the awful story of a regiment whose 
percentage in killed and wounded accord- 
ing to enrollment was only exceeded by 
14 regiments in the whole Federal army. 
In 1903 went to San Francisco, Cal.; was 
for some time in the mining regions writ- 
ing for eastern papers; settled at Los 
Angeles, October, 1903; manager of a 
hotel five years; since then in railway and 
automobile appliances. Now compiling a 
narrative of Fredericksbui-g and Gettys- 
burg with special reference to the 36th 
Regiment Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, 
of which Col. Frank Haskell, a former 
Vermonter, was commander. A Republi- 
can; in 1896 connected with the national 
Republican headquarters at Chicago; is 
ex-president of Press Council National 
Union, and in 1898 Avas senate deputy. 
A L^nitarian. Was secretary of the li- 
brary association, Milwaukee; past grand 
Milwaukee Lodge No. 2. I. O. O. F. ; past 
high priest Wisconsin Encampment No. 
1 ; past grand Daughters of Rebekah ; past 
commander Patriarchs Militant; member 
of Grand Lodge and Grand Encampment 
of Wisconsin, I. O. O. F. ; member of 
Masonic fraternity. Chapter, Knights 
Templar, Consistory, and Mystic Shrine; 
George H. Thomas Post No. 5, G. A. R., 
Chicago, and represented that post as a 
delegate to Gen. Grant's funeral in 1885; 
vice-president two years of the Sons of 
Vermont in Chicago ; member of Stanton 
Post No. 55, G. A. R., Los Angeles; hon- 
orary member Lincoln Memorial Univer- 
sity, Cumberland Gap, Tenn., and mem- 
ber of Sons of Vermont, Los Angeles, Cal. 

AULD, Joseph, Burlington. Editor 
and publisher. Born Prince Edward 
Island. Canada, May 28. 1848; son of 
Robert and Mary A. (Boughton) Auld. 
Educated in the public schools. In 1880 
married Annie C. Howe of Lowell; they 
had three children, George P., paymaster 




U. S. X., Marguerite, at home, and Lillian, 
deceased. Was successively reporter, 
manager, and editor Rutland Daily Herald 
1870-82; general manager and assistant 
editor Daily Free Press, Burlington, 1882- 
92 ; manager Rapid Printing Co., New 
York. 1892-4; founder, 1894, and since 
editor and publisher Daily News, Burling- 
ton, and director, secretary, and treasurer 
News Pubhshing Co. Is a Republican. 
In religious belief a Unitarian. Member 
of Algonquin Club, Ethan Allen Club, Na- 
tional Geographic Society, and Civic Fed- 

AUSTIN, Warren Robinson, St. Al- 
bans. Lawyer. Born Highgate, Nov. 12, 
1877; son of Chauncey G. and Anne M. 
(Robinson) Austin. Educated at the pub- 
lic school ; Brigham Academy, '95 ; Marie- 
ville. Que.; L'Assomption, Que.; Univer- 
sity of Vermont, Ph. B. '99- In 1901 
married Mildred M. Lucas of St. Albans; 
they have two sons, Warren Robinson, Jr., 
and Edward Lucas. Admitted to Ver- 
mont Bar 1902; U. S. courts 1904; attor- 
ney Vermont State Medical Society 1910; 
Congress of Mint 1912; representative of 
Vermont at Reform of Legal Procedure 
convention at Chicago 1912. A Republi- 
can. States attorney Franklin County, 
1904-6; grand juror, city of St. Albans, 
1906-9; U. S. commissioner 1907 to date; 
chairman Republican state convention 
1908; mayor of city of St. Albans 1909- 
A Congregationalist. Member Kappa 
Sigma Fraternity; past exalted ruler of 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

AVE RILL, Charles Weston, Barre. 
Merchant. Born Barre, Feb. 6, 1859; 
son of A. B. and Elizabeth S. Averill. 
Educated in the public schools and God- 
dard .Seminary. In 188.S married Rose J. 
Carpenter of Orange; they have three chil- 
dren. Ivis M., Eula E., and Arthur L.; 
was employed in farming; later as a 
builder until 1893, when he bought an in- 
terest in a hardware store, the firm name 
being Prindle & Averill until 190.^, when 
he bought the Prindle interest and formed 
the }>resent firm of C. W. Averill & Co., 
doing a general hardware and ))lumbing 
business. Is a Democrat. A ineinber of 
the Congregational Church. A member of 
Granite Lodge No. S~), F. & A. M.; Gran- 
ite Chapter No. 26, R. A. M.; St. Aldemar 

Commandery No. 11, K. T.; Mt. Sinai 
Temple of the Mystic Shrine. 

AVERILL, George C, Brattleboro. 
Banker. Born Thomaston, Conn., Oct. 
28, 1857; son of Rev. James and Sylvira 
(Carpenter) Averill. Graduate of Green- 
field, Mass., High School 1873. In 1881, 
married Nellie E. Chubbuck of Boston, 
Mass.; they have two children, Margaret 
C. and Richard C. Clerk and bookkeeper 
First National Bank, Greenfield, Mass. ; 
teller First National Bank, Northampton, 
Mass. ; teller Vermont National Bank, 
Brattleboro, 1885; cashier 1886; president 
and director 1896 and since; is treasurer 
of Windham County and of Brattleboro 
School District No. 2; incorporator Ver- 
mont Savings Bank and Brattleboro Sav- 
ings Bank; treasurer and trustee Brat- 
tleboro Home for the Aged and Disabled, 
Brooks Library Building, and Austine In- 
stitution; trustee Brattleboro Retreat; di- 
rector and liquidator Brattleboro Gas 
Light Co. ; director Connecticut Valley 
Street Railway Co.; treasurer and liquid- 
ator Vermont Live Stock Co., and Fort 
Worth Improved Realty Co.; executor and 
administrator in numerous estates ; all 
corporations liquidated have paid in full. 
Mr. Averill is a Republican; a Congre- 
gationalist; treasurer and chairman of 
trustees of the Congregational Society; a 
Mason, and an Odd Fellow. 

AVERILL, Wilson Albert, Roxbury. 
Farmer. Born Northfield, April 5, 1844; 
son of Albert J. and Elvira L. (Smith) 
Averill. Educated at Northfield public 
schools and Newbury Seminary. In 1871 
married Ida May Wiley of Roxbury; she 
died in 1902; they had four children, 
Anna J., Henry W., Bertha W., and 
Laura M. ; in I91O married Mrs. Olive C. 
W. Bond of Somerville, Mass. Located 
in Warren in 1872; removed to Roxbury 
1904; has been justice of the peace, school 
director, superintendent of schools, and 
road commissioner. Is a Republican; has 
served as member town committee; rep- 
resented Warren in Legislature l.QOO. Is 
a Methodist, and has held local preacher's 
license for many years; chajilain Summit 
Grange of Roxbury. 

AYERS, Charles Erwin, Montpelier. 
Artist and photographer. Born Berlin, 




Oct. 9, 1875; son of Charles M. and Clara 
A. (Lewis) Avers. Educated at North- 
field High School, art department of 
Montpelier Seminary and German Art 
School of Tyrone, Penn. In IPOI mar- 
ried Clara Emily ^Miles of Montpelier; 
they have two children, Charles Raymond 
and Clara Dorris. Since 1 898 conducted a 
photographic studio in Montpelier. Is a 
Republican. In religious belief a Meth- 

BABCOCK, Fred J., St. Johnsbury. 
Merchant. Born St. Johnsbury, Nov. 6, 
1879; son of Albert Woodbury and Ad- 
wina Minerva (Astle) Babcock. Edu- 
cated in the public schools, St. Johnsbury 
Academy, class of 1898, and Barbour 
Business College of St. Johnsbury. In 
1905 married Edna Scott of St. Johns- 
bury ; the}^ have one son, Scott Adelbert. 
Was bookkeeper in Citizens Savings Bank 
and Trust Co. 1 900-1 ; traveling auditor 
for Swift & Co, meat packers, Chicago, 
1901-0; office manager of Derby Desk 
Co., Boston, 1905-10 ; since Jan., 1911^ 
treasurer of the Amos W. Scott Co. Is 
a Republican. Member and trustee of 
the Universalist Church. In I9OO held 
office of principal sojourner in Haswell 
Chapter No. 11, R. A. M. ; member of 
Towanda Club, Woburn, Mass. ; member 
and ex-vice-commodore of Innitor Canoe 
Club, Woburn, Mass., and member of 
committee on industrial development in 
St. Johnsbury Commercial Club. 

BABCOCK, VoLNEV Chauncey, Stowe. 
Farmer. Born Bridgewater, May 14, 
1833; son of Chauncey and Sally (Bar- 
rows) Babcock. Educated in the public 
schools. In 1855 married Harriet E. 
Barrows of Stowe; they had one daughter, 
Mary A.; March 20, 1902, married Car- 
rie M. Robinson of Stowe; May 12, 191O, 
married Abbie M. Minor of Woodbury. 
Followed farming until 21 years of age, 
when he was employed at wheelwright 
and cabinet work; 1880-96 postmaster in 
Bridgewater; also carried on mercantile 
and wheelwright business. Enlisted Co. 
E, 13th Vermont Regiment Volunteer In- 
fantry ; mustered into service Oct., 1 862 ; 
owing to illness did not leave the state ; 
was in hospital at Brattleboro eight 
weeks ; discharged by reason of disability. 
Is a Republican; represented Bridgewater 
in the Legislature 1900. In religious 

preference a Methodist. Member of H. H. 
Smith Post No. 19, G. A. R. 

BACON, Oliver Durkee, Elmore. 
Farmer and carpenter. Born Washing- 
ton, Oct. 9, 1842; son of Vine Newbury 
and Jane Wilson (Allen) Bacon. Edu- 
cated in the public schools, and People's 
Acadeni}', Morrisville. In 1886 married 
Phoebe Orilla Hibbard of Montpelier; 
they have two children, Ethan Allen and 
Mary Esther. Was engaged in carpen- 
try' in different Vermont towns for sev- 
eral years; since 1873 has followed the 
occupation of farmer. Is a Republican; 
represented Elmore in the Legislature 
1904; has served as lister, town grand 
juror, and selectman. An attendant of 
the Methodist Church. 

BACON, Robert C, Brattleboro. Law- 
3'er. Born Washington, D. C, March 4. 
1879; son of R. A. and Josephine (Col- 
burn) Bacon. Educated at Thaj^er Acad- 
emy, Dartmouth College, and Boston L ni- 
versity Law School. In 1900 married 
Georgianna E. Cook. Admitted to Ver- 
mont Bar 1 899 ; engaged in law practice 
at Brattleboro since; states attorney 1906- 
8. A Republican ; member of Masonic fra- 
ternity, a Knight Templar, the Order of 
Elks, and Vermont Wheel Club. 

BADGER, Albert Henry, Sharon. 
Merchant. Born Sharon, Oct. 20, 1869; 
son of William and Marcia M. (Varnum) 
Badger. Educated in the public schools 
of Sharon, Royalton Academy, and the 
schools of Claremont. N. H. In 1894 mar- 
ried Lula Cilley of Lowell, Mass.; they 
have one daughter, Grace ^Mildred. Em- 
ployed as clerk in a general store in Tun- 
bridge, and later in Sharon; in 1895 be- 
came member of the firm of Badger & 
Noyes, general merchants, Sharon; ap- 
pointed postmaster at Sharon. July 17. 
1897, continuing to date. A Republican; 
member of Sharon board of education three 
years, the board of auditors, and town 
committee. A Congregationalist. Member 
of Sharon Lodge No. 105. F. & A. M.; 
treasurer since 1898. 

BAGLEY, Edwin- E., White River 
Junction. Plumber. Born Hartland, Nov. 
24, I86I; son of Edwin H. and Lucina 
Bagley. Educated in the public schools. 
In 1886 married Sarah E. Morgan of 




West Windsor. Employed by his father 
until '21 years of age; with Western Union 
Telegraph Co. for a year; for I'i years 
with the Boston & Maine Railroad Co., 
and for the past live years engaged in 
business in his own behalf. A Republican; 
member Universalist Church. A Mason 
for past '20 years. 

BAILEY. Alaxsox C. Randolph. Phy- 
sician and surgeon. Born Nov. 24<, 1850; 
son of Clark and Susan Jane (Cooper) 
Bailey. Educated at Randolph Normal 
School and Montpelier Seminary; began 
the study of medicine at Rochester in 
1874. under Doctors William Huntington 
and Albert Richmond; attended Medical 
College. L'niversity of Vermont, and grad- 
uated from New York L^niversity Medical 
College 1877. In 1877 married Alice jNI. 
Matthews of Rochester; they have three 
children. Grace Alice. Glenn Cooper, and 
Aletha CJlee. Began practice in Roches- 
ter, where he remained eight months, re- 
moving to Randolph, where he has since 
practiced. L. S. examining surgeon for 
pensions 1891-3. and re-ai3pointed by 
President McKinley; held the office until 
1910. resigning to represent Randolph in 
the Legislature. Is a Republican; mem- 
ber of school board, Randolph incorpor- 
ated district, six years ; health officer for 
town of Randolph, with the exception of 
three years, since 1887; represented Ran- 
dolph in the Legislature 1910; member of 
tlie Wl)ite River Medical Society, and its 
president one year; consulting surgeon to 
the Mary Fletcher Hospital, Burlington, 
six years, from 1 893 ; vice-president of 
Vermont State Medical Society 1892; 
president f)f Wasliington County Medical 
Society I9O8. A member of the Methodist 
F.piscopal Church since 1867; superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school for 13 years 
from 188.5; church chorister since 1884; 
trustee of the church since 188.'5. Member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; 
first noble grand of Randol))li Lodge No. 
iH. in 1892; re-ehcted to the office 1 894 ; 
deputy grand master 1896; member of 
Pho.nix Lodge No. 28, F. Sc A. M. 

HAllAA' . CuAiu.Ks JoHX, Groton. 
Station agent. Born Soutli Ryegate, July 
20, 1867; son of Charles R. "and Myrilla 
CMcLure) Bailey. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools at South Ry<gate. In 1892 
rnarriefl Mary Eva Aflains of Chelsea, 

Mass. At the age of 14 entered the store 
of George L. Hall, South Ryegate, as 
clerk, remaining there until the fall of 
1884; in 1885 began railroad business at 
the railroad station at South Ryegate; in 
P'ebruary, 1887, appointed operator at 
Warren, N. H., remaining until October, 
1888; in 1889 station agent at South Rye- 
gate; February, 1893, transferred to 
Barre for the Montpelier & Wells River 
Railroad; and in January, 1895, trans- 
ferred to Groton, which position he still 
holds. Is a Democrat; town constable 
and tax collector 1 897-8 ; town auditor 
19OO-7, and again in 1910; selectman 
19O8; represented Groton in the Legisla- 
ture 1902. In religious belief a Presby- 
terian. Member of Pulaski Lodge No. 58, 
F. & A. M.; Mt. Lebanon Chapter No. 
13, R. A. M.; Mt. Zion Commandery No. 
9, K. T. ; Vermont Consistory, 32 degrees; 
Mt. Sinai Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.; 
Temple Lodge No. 10, I. O. O. F. ; Cale- 
donia Lodge No. 15, K. P., and a member 
of the Grand Lodge of Vermont; Groton 
Camp No. 8514, Modern Woodmen of 
America ; Pythian Sisters ; Rebekahs ; and 
Order of the Eastern Star; also member 
of the Order of Railway Telegraphers. 

BAILEY, Guy Winfred, Essex Junc- 
tion. Lawyer and secretary of state. Born 
Hardwick, May 7, 1876; son of John Win- 
throjD and Laura (Cahill) Bailey. Edu- 
cated in Burlington High School, and Uni- 
versity of Vermont. In 1904 married 
Mabel G. Brigham of Essex Junction. 
Was clerk on commission to revise statutes, 
1904-6; commissioner to edit Public Stat- 
utes, 1906-7. Is a Republican; was mem- 
ber of the General Assembly, 1904-6; sec- 
retary of state 19O8-IO; re-elected in 191O. 
Is past grand chancellor of Knights of 
Pythias; member of Ethan Allen Lodge 
No. 72, F. & A. M.; Burlington Council, 
R. & S. M.; Bethany Chapter, O. E. S. ; 
Burlington Chapter No. 3, R. A. M.; Bur- 
lington Commandery No. 2, K. T. ; Cairo 
Temjjle, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; 
Green Mountain I>odge No. 1, I. O. O. F.; 
the Ethan Allen Club. 

BAILEY, Horace Ward, Newbury. i 
Retired merchant. Born Newbury, Jan. 
16, 1852; son of William Uriah and Abi- 
gail FI. (P^aton) Bailey. Educated at old 
Newbury Seminary. Began business life 
as clerk at the Fabyan House, White j 



Mountains ; taught village school several 
winters; was merchant and town clerk in 
Newbury ten years ; lister six years ; town 
superintendent of schools 20 years. Author 
of a history of old Newbury Seminary and 
of the Methodist Church at Newbury; also 
author of a handbook on the discovery and 
early history of Lake Champlain for use 
in the jjublic schools. Is a Republican ; 
member of state committee for Orange 
County 10 years; senator from Orange 
County 189^t-6; state fish and game com- 
missioner 189i-1900; town representative 
in the Legislature IQOS-i; state railroad 
commissioner 1902-3; member Champlain 
Tercentenary Commission 1 906-10; U. S. 
marshal since 1903; one of the vice presi- 
dents of the Vermont Historical Society; 
director in Citizens Savings Bank and 
Trust Co., St. Johnsbury ; chairman of ex- 
ecutive committee of Tennev Memorial Li- 
brary, Newbury, since its foundation. A 
member of the Independent Order of Odd 
P'ellows since 1876. 

BAKER, Edward, ]\Iontpelier. ^Military 
storekeeper. Born Manchester, N. H., 
May 13, 1847; son of Jabez and Louisa 
(Gove) Baker. Educated in the public 
schools and Royalton Academy. In 1873 
married Alma F. Evans of Orford, N. H., 
who died 1888 ; they had six children, Win- 
ifred E., Ellen A., Jessie (deceased), Ed- 
ward A. (deceased), Eunice A., and Ho- 
mer J.; in 1890 married Alice C. Gould 
of Calais, who died 1910; they had one 
son, Charles E. (deceased). Learned the 
trade of wheelwright, working at it until 
1887^ when he took up booking, which he 
followed until 1 903 ; he then received the 
appointment of military storekeeper un- 
der General Gilmore, which he held until 
General Gilmore's death, when he re- 
ceived an appointment by Lee S. Tillot- 
son, adjutant and inspector general, as 
assistant adjutant general and military 
storekeeper. Enlisted March 29, 1864, in 
Co. G, 17th Regiment Vermont Volunteer 
Infantry; discharged July 14, 1865; w^as 
engaged in the first battle of the Wilder- 
ness, May 6, 1 864, and wounded four times 
before he left the field ; was also in three 
skirmishes, and the final assault on Peters- 
burg, April 2, 1865. Is a Republican. 
By religious preference a Congregation- 
alist. Member of Brooks Post No. 13, 
G. A. R., and has filled all the offices of 
the post ; secretary of Vermont Lodge No. 

2, I. O. O. F., since 1893; past chief 
patriarch Thomas Wildey Encampment 
No. 11, I. O. O. F., and has served as 
scribe since 1896; member of Ivy Re- 
bekah Lodge No. 24, I. O. O. F. " 

BAKER, Orville Clark, Brandon. 
Physician and surgeon. Born Peru, N. Y., 
Sept. 3, 1851; son of Henry and Maria 
Baker. Educated at Plattsburg, N. Y., 
high school, and University of the City of 
New York, graduating in medicine and 
surgery 1879- In 1878 married Frances 
M. Buck of Plattsburg, N. Y. ; they have 
four children, Eva F., Arthur J., Horatio 
O., and Clarence M. In early life engaged 
in school teaching; practiced medicine in 
Hartford, N. Y., about 11 years, and 21 
years in Brandon; during residence in 
Hartford, N. Y., was president of Wash- 
ington County Medical Society. Is a Re- 
publican ; was supervisor of the town of 
Hartford, N. Y. ; member of board of edu- 
cation, Brandon; chairman of board four 
years ; at present superintendent of 
schools, Brandon. Member of Methodist 
Church ; church treasurer, steward, and 
trustee ; member and one of the committee 
of Addison County Y. M. C. A. Past 
master of St. Paul's Lodge No. 25, F. & 
A. ]\I.; past district deputy grand master 
of 4th masonic district; past district dep- 
uty grand high priest, R. A. M. ; past 
grand master of the Grand Council, R. & 
S. M., of Vermont; member of Mt. Cal- 
vary Commandery No. 1, K. T. ; and Cai- 
ro Temple, Mystic Shrine. 

BALDWIN, Hammon T., Wells River. 
Judge of probate. Born Wells River, 
Dec. 13, 1863; son of Erastus and Ellen 
(Abbott) Baldwin. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools and Hinman's Business Col- 
lege, Worcester, Mass. In 1886 married 
Katie M. Cobb of Hardwick; they have 
one daughter, Bernice Ellen. Was for 
many years proprietor of the Baldwin 
Valley Farm; at the same time a shipper 
of live stock of all kinds ; has been con- 
nected with lumber interests nearly all his 
business life; now a member of the firm 
of Stevens & Baldwin. A Republican ; 
member of the state committee six years ; 
represented Newbury in the Legislature 
19OO; senator from Orange County 1904; 
deputy sheriff 20 years; sheriff of Orange 
County 1 908-9; became judge of probate 
Dec. 1, I9IO; appointed commissioner at 




large of the State Fair Committee under 
Governor Proctor, and has held the posi- 
tion since, having been reappointed by 
Governor Mead. A Congregationalist. 
Past master Pulaski Lodge No. 08, F. & 
A. M., of Wells River; member of Pales- 
tine Comniandery Xo. 5. K. T., of St. 
Johnsbury; and Mt. Sinai Temple, Mj^s- 
tic Shrine, of Montpelier. 

BALLARD, Smith Sabin, Montpelier. 
Insurance. Born Georgia, April 3, I86I; 
son of Henry and Juda Harrington 
(Brooks) Ballard. Educated at St. Al- 
bans High School. In 1886 married 
Alice Burton Griswold of Jeffersonville ; 
they have two children, Edward Griswold 
and Richard Henry. In 1880 entered the 
employ of Central Vermont Railroad at 
St. Albans; in 1884 was transferred to 
Montpelier as. assistant station agent; in 
1889 ^vas appointed agent at Barre for 
the Montpelier and Wells River Railroad, 
being the first agent to be employed by 
the new road; retired to take up the in- 
surance business ; opened an office in 
Barre; was general agent for National 
Life Insurance Co. of Montpelier, as well 
as several fire insurance companies; in 
1898 sold out the fire insurance business, 
and opened an agency in Montpelier for 
the National Life Co.; since 1889 has con- 
ducted also a general steamship ticket 
business. Is a Republican; elected maA'or 
of Montpelier 1911- An Episcopalian. 
Past potentate of Mt. Sinai Temple, A. A. 
O. N. M. S. ; member of Granite Lodge No. 
35, F. & A. M.; Granite Chapter No. 26, 
R. A. M., both of Barre; Montpelier 
Council No. 4, R. & S. M.; St. Aldemar 
Commandery No. 11. Knights Templar; 
deputy master of Gamaliel Washburn 
Lodge of Perfection, 14 degrees; sovereign 
prince of Mt. Calvary Council, Princes of 
.Jerusalem, I6 degrees; member Delta 
Chapter of Rose Croix, 18 degrees; Ver- 
mont Consistory, Scottish Rite, 32 de- 
grees; Vincitia I>odge, Knights of Pytl)ias; 
.Soiidah Temph-, Dramatic Order of 
Knights of Khorassan, Barre; Montpelier 
Lodge No. 921 B. P. O. E.; Vermont 
Lodge No. 2. I. O. f). F., Montpelier; 
treasurer and secretary of tlie Automobile 
Club of Vermont. 

(Andrews) Ballou. Educated at Vermont 
Academy, Amherst College, and Hartford 
Theological Seminary. In 1891 married 
Carrie May Hubbard of Saxtons River; 
they have three sons, Earle Hoit (Yale 
1912), Paul Holton, and Donald Henry. 
Before entering Vermont Academy worked 
on a cattle ranch in Wyoming 1882; prin- 
cipal Pleasant Hill Academy at Pleasant 
Hill, Tenn., 1890-2; superintendent of 
Chester schools seven years; trustee of 
Whiting Free Library. A Republican; 
represented Chester in the Legislature 
I9O8. A Congregationalist. Ordained 
Sept. 17, 1895, at Chester, and pastor of 
the church there since then; delegate to 
the National Council of Congregational 
Churches at Portland, Ore., 1898, also 
council at Boston, Mass., 1910; corporate 
member of American Board of Commis- ■, 
sioners for Foreign Missions. Member of 
Vermont Historical Society ; Sons of the 
American Revolution; Delta Upsilon fra- 
ternity; grand master of the Grand Lodge 
of Vermont, F. & A. M.; assistant grand 
prior of the Supreme Council of the 
thirty-third and last degree. Northern Ma- 
sonic Jurisdiction. 

BANCROFT, Charles Azro, Newport. 
Special deputy collector of customs. Born 
Montpelier, Dec. 29, 1848; son of Azro 
N. and Harriet B. (Wheeler) Bancroft. 
Educated in the public schools and North- 
field Academy. Was clerk in Dr. George 
Nichols's drug store at Northfield, I86I- 
2 ; with Orcutt & Page, grocers, 1 862- 
1872; bookkeeper Union Slate Co. 1872- 
4 ; messenger U. S. & Canada Express 
Co., 1875-85; appointed deputy collector 
and inspector of customs under Collector 
Smalley; in service at the ports of Bur- 
lington, Richford and Island Pond ; on the 
formation of the collection district of 
Memphremagog in 1897 was appointed 
auditor by Collector Mansur and trans- 
ferred to Newport; in 1899 designated 
special deputy collector for that district; 
local secretary Board U. S. Civil Service 
Examiners. Is a Democrat. Member of 
Northfield Lodge No. 19, L O. O. F.; 
Vermont Society Sons of the American 
Revolution; and Young Men's Independ- 
ent Club of Newport. 

h\lAA)L\ Hknkv Li.ncolx, Chester. BARBER, Frank Elliot, Brattleboro. 

Clergyman. Born Wallingford, Sept. 22, Lawyer. Born Wardsboro, April 28, 1878; 
1865; son of William Sabin and Esther son of Daniel Miller and I>ydia (Bar- 



/p a/i^ii^^£>-y' 




nard) Barber. Educated in the Brattle- 
boro public schools. In IQH married El- 
sie Gladj's Haskell of Brattleboro. Stud- 
ied law at home and in the office of his 
brother^ Herbert G. Barber; admitted to 
Vermont Bar 1903; has since practiced in 
Brattleboro; junior member of firm of 
H. G. & F. E. Barber since 1905. States 
attorney Windham County 1911-12. A 
Universalist; clerk of Brattleboro Univer- 
salist Church six years; superintendent of 
the Sunday school four years. Member 
of Brattleboro Lodge No. 102, F. & A. M.; 
Fort Dummer Chapter No. 12, R. A. M.; 
Connecticut Valley Council No. l6, R. & 
S. M. ; Beauseant Commandery No. 7, 
K. T. ; Wantastiquet Lodge No. 5, I. O. 
O. F. ; Oasis Encampment No. 5, I. O. 
O. F. ; and Canton Palestine, Patriarchs 
Militant; Protective Grange; Brattleboro 
Board of Trade ; and Vermont Wheel Club. 

BARBER, Orion Metcalf^ Benning- 
ton. Judge United States court customs 
appeals. Born Jamaica, July 13, 1857; 
son of Emmons Daniel and Lucia A. 
(Pierce) Barber. Educated at Bernard- 
ston (Mass.) Academy, Leland and Gray 
Seminary, Townshend; Perkins Institute, 
Woodstock; and Albany (N. Y.) Law 
School. In 1898 married Alice Mabel 
Norton of Bennington; they have three 
children, Lucia Pierce and Mab Norton, 
born Aug. 24, 1899; and Norton Barber, 
July 10, 1903. Practiced law at Arling- 
ton and Bennington 1882 to 1910. A Re- 
publican; states attorney Bennington 
County 1886-7; represented Arlington in 
the Legislature 1892; senator from Ben- 
nington County 1894; member of commit- 
tee to revise statutes 1 892-4 ; railroad com- 
missioner 1894-6; chairman of committee 
to publish statutes 1 894-5 ; auditor of ac- 
counts 1898-1902; delegate to Republican 
national convention 1 896 ; chairman of spe- 
cial tax commission 1 906-8; chairman of 
special committee to prepare and publish 
Digest Vermont Reports 1909; appointed 
judge U. S. court customs appeals 1910. 
Member of Masonic fraternity, Command- 
ery and Mystic Shrine; Order of Elks, and 
Bennington Social Club. 

BARCLAY, R. Douglas M., Barre. 
Granite producer. Born Aberdeen, Scot- 
land, Dec. 29. 1880; son of William and 
Mary (Munro) Barclay. Educated in pub- 
lic schools and Norwich University, class 

of 1901. In 1910 married Icy Ella Man- 
chester of Randolph ; they have one 
daughter, Catherine Marion. Is member 
of the granite producing firm of Barclay 
Bros. Is independent in politics. In re- 
ligious belief a Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber of Granite Lodge No. 35, F. & A. M.; 
Granite Chapter No. 26, R. A. M.; Mont- 
pelier Council No. 4, R. & S. M.; Mont- 
pelier Lodge, B. P. O. E.; Vincitia Club; 
Barre Board of Trade; Lake Mansfield 
Trout Club; Green Mountain Club; field 
captain Montpelier Gun Club; president 
of Barre Gun Club ; and vice-jiresident of 
Granite Quarry Owners' Association. 

BARCLAY, William, late of Barre. 
Granite producer. Born Aberdeenshire, 
Scotland, Dec. 7, 1850; died Barre, Nov. 
22, 1907; son of Peter and Mary (Mc- 
Donald) Barclay. Educated in the coun- 
try parish schools of his native place. In 
1876 married Mary ]\Iunro of Aberdeen- 
shire, Scotland ; they had eight children, 
John C, William, R. Douglas M., Mary 
M., Annie L., Flora E. B., Margaret C. 
T., and Grace D. Mr. Barclay first came 
to America in 1874, making several trips 
across to Scotland before locating perma- 
nently in Barre in 1886; started in the 
granite business in 1887, first in firm of 
Littlejohn & Barclay, and in 1890 that of 
Barclay Bros., which firm name has been 
continued since; was partner in Barre, 
Standard, and Sunnyside Granite compa- 
nies ; designed the famous Burns monu- 
ment at Barre, which was executed by his 
firm. Was independent in politics ; elected 
mayor of Barre for three terms, 1904-7, 
on citizens ticket. Member of the Congre- 
gational Church. Was first chieftain Clan 
Gordon No. 12, Order of Scottish Clans; 
member of Granite Lodge No. 35, F. & 
A. M. ; Granite Chajster No. 26, R. A. M.; 
St. Aldemar Commandery No. 11, K. T.; 
Mt. Sinai Temple, A. A. *0. N. M. S.; the 
Glenugie Club; Quarry Owners' Associa- 
tion ; had served as president of the Burns 
Club, and of the Granite ^Manufacturers* 

BARCLAY, Wm., Jr., Barre. Gran- 
ite producer. Born Aberdeen. Scotland, 
April 29. 1877; son of William and Mary 
(Munro) Barclay. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools, and Goddard Seminary. In 
1900 married Jessie Anne Mercer of 
Barre; they have four children, Wil- 




liam Reid. Gordon Mercer. Dorothy 
Alice, and Helen Douglas. Is mem- 
ber of the granite producing firm of 
Barclay Bros. Is independent in poli- 
tics. In religious belief a Congregation- 
alist. Member of Clan Gordon No. 1^, 
Order of Scottish Clans; the Burns Club; 
the Barre Board of Trade ; has served as 
secretary of Granite Quarry Owners" As- 
sociation, and vice-president of Granite 
Manufacturers' Association; member of 
National Association of Granite Indus- 

BARXES. Albert Crane, Chicago. 111. 
Jurist. Born Addison. June 28, 1853; 
son of Asahel and Ellen (Crane) Barnes; 
was graduated at University of Vermont, 
A. B. 187b'; Albany Law School, LL. B. 
1877. In 1895 married Jessie Welles 
Griswold. daughter of Joseph W. Gris- 
wold of Chicago. Admitted to New York 
Bar 1877; examiner of contested land 
claims in General Land Office, Washing- 
ton. D. C, 1879-83; practiced law in 
Dakota Territory 1883-5; in Chicago, 111., 
1885-1904. A Republican; district attor- 
ney Bottineau County. Dak. Ty.. 1884; 
assistant states attorney Cook County, 111., 
1896-1901'; elected judge of superior court 
Cook County, 111., in 1904; served six 
years and was elected 1911 for another 
term of six years. A 32d degree Mason; 
member of Mystic Shrine, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, Union League 
Club. Hamilton Club. Homewood Country 
Club. Sons of American Revolution, Sons 
of New England and of the Chicago, the 
Illinois and the American Bar Associa- 
tions. Residence, 1223 East Fiftieth 

BAR.\F:S. Millarh Fillmore, Chim- 
ney Point. Town of Addison. Farmer and 
hotel keeper. Born Chimney Point, Aug. 
21, 1856; son of Asahel knd Ellen S. 
(Crane; Barnes. Educated at Beeman 
Acad«rny, New Haven. Is unmarried, A 
druggist five years; studied vocal culture 
in Boston thrre years; engaged in insur- 
ance in New York City three years; farm- 
er for twenty-five years. A Republican; 
trial justice for twenty-four years; as- 
sistant judge of Addison County court 
18.06-8; represented Addison in the Leg- 
islature 18.96; senator from Addison 
County 1898; member of Republican state 
committee. An attendant of the Ejjisco- 

pal Church. Member of Masonic frater- 
nity and the Grange. 

BARNES, Stephen Goodyear, St. 
Johnsbury. Educator and clergyman. Born 
Perth Amboy, N. J., April 2, 1853; son 
of Joshua Edward and Elizabeth (Wood- 
bridge) Barnes. Educated at Lafayette 
College, A. B. 1873; Ph. D. for studies in 
English philology 1878; Litt. D. for stud- 
ies in literature 1891, both of these courses 
being pursued under direction of Prof. F. 
A. March; studied theology at Andover 
Seminary 1878-9, and at Hartford Sem- 
inary 1891-2, graduating from the latter 
seminary; honorary degree D. D. from 
Iowa College I896. In 1881 married 
Hannah W. Magoun of Grinnell, la., 
daughter of President George F. Magoun 
of Iowa College. Professor of English lit- 
erature Iowa College 1873-91; ordained 
Congregational minister 1881; pastor in 
Longmeadow, Mass., 1891-1900; college 
pastor and dean of the theological depart- 
ment of Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn., 
1900-2; instructor in Christian ethics, 
Hartford Seminary, 1892; lecturer on the- 
ology in the same seminary 1902; has 
given courses of lectures on biblical themes 
in conferences held at Knowlton, Dundee, 
and Montreal, P. Q., and at Fairfax and 
Barton ; pastor of the South Congrega- 
tional Church in St. Johnsbury since 1902. 
Author of "Voices of Faith and Love" 
(poems) 19O8; also of essaj's and ad- 
dresses on literary and religious subjects 
in various periodicals. Editor of French- 
American Citizen 1 89-i-5 ; vice-president 
French-American College, Springfield, 
Mass., I897-I9OI; trustee of St. Johns- 
bury Academy since 19O8. Member of 
Phi Beta Kappa fraternity. 

BARRETT, John. Director-General 
Pan-American Union, Washington, D. C, 
born Grafton, Nov. 28, 1866; son of 
Charles and Caroline (Sanford) B. Bar- 
rett. Is unmarried. Graduated from Wor- 
cester (Mass.) Academy 1884; Dart- 
mouth College (A. B.) 1889, A. M. 1899; 
LL. D., Tulane University, I91O. Taught 
in Hoj)kins Academy, Oakland, Cal. ; as- 
sistant editor Statistician, San Francisco; 
on editorial staff news))a))ers, San Fran- 
cisco, Taeoma, Seattle; associate editor 
Telegram, Portland, Ore., 1891-4; Ameri- 
can minister to .Siam 1894-8, settling by 
arbitration claims involving $3,000,000; 




undertook special diplomatic and commer- 
cial investigations Japan, Siam, Korea, 
Siberia, and India ; war correspondent in 
Philippines 1898-9; American plenipoten- 
tiary to International Conference Ameri- 
can Republics, ^lexico, 1901-2; commis- 
sioner general of foreign affairs for St. 
Louis Exposition 1902-3; American min- 
ister to Argentina 1903-1; to Panama 
1904-5; to Colombia 1905-6; director-gen- 
eral Bureau of American Republics, now 
the Pan-American Union, since Dec. 19. 
1906". Elected honorary member Ameri- 
can Asiatic Association for service in de- 
veloping American commercial interests in 
Asia. Has contributed articles for maga- 
zines and reviews on Asiatic and Latin- 
American subjects. Given special diploma 
by National University of Bogota, Co- 
lombia, for services in international di- 
plomacy; decorated with Order of Boli- 
var, Venezuela, I9IO, in recognition of 
services in behalf of South American 
countries. Author of "Admiral Dewey," 
1899; "Pan-American Union — Peace, 
Friendship, Commerce," I9II; is prepar- 
ing other books on Asia and South Amer- 
ica. Member of University, Lotus (Xew 
York), University (Chicago), University 
(San Francisco), Metropolitan, Chevy 
Chase, University (Washington) Clubs. 
Address : Pan-American Union, Washing- 
ton. D, C. 

BARRETT, John J., St. Albans. 
Hotel proprietor. Born Rutland, May 6, 
1877; son of John and Bridget Barrett. 
Educated in the public and Catholic 
Schools. In 1903 married Maud Anna 
Lester of Brandon; they had two children, 
Irene ^Nlary and Richard Charles, both de- 
ceased. Left school at the age of 15 and 
learned the marble cutting trade, which he 
followed for several years ; was later en- 
gaged as clerk at Hotel Burlington, Bur- 
lington; City Hotel, Barre; xYddison 
House, Middlebury; Windham Hotel, Bel- 
lows Falls; and American House, St. Al- 
bans ; is now proprietor of Park View 
House, St. Albans. Is a Democrat. Mem- 
ber of the Roman Catholic Church; ^lem- 
ber of Burlington Lodge No. 91 6, B. P. 
O. E., and Champlain Aerie No. 793, 
Fraternal Order of Eagles, Burlington. 

BARRETT, Patrick J., Poultney. 
Catholic clergyman. Born Saratoga, N. 
Y., Dec. 25, 1857; son of Patrick and 

Catherine (O'Sullivan) Barrett. Received 
his early education in the public and paro- 
chial schools of Saratoga; later prepared 
for the jjriesthood at Manhattan College, 
New York, and St. Charles College, El- 
licott City, Md. ; ordained priest at the 
Grand Seminary, Montreal, P. Q., Dec. 23, 
1882. Was for 11 years engaged in paro- 
chial work in the towns of Brandon, Shore- 
ham, Orwell, Pittsford, Proctor, and Fair 
Haven; in 1896 appointed rector of the 
cathedral parish of the city of Burlington, 
succeeding the Very Rev. Thomas Lynch 
in that office; in I9II was transferred to 
the parish of Poultney, where he is now 
stationed. Father Barrett's devotion and 
fidelity have won for him the approval of 
his superiors, and the sincere affection of 
the people of the various parishes over 
which he has presided. 

BARRON, AxDREw Jackson, Benning- 
ton. Catholic clergyman. Born Burling- 
ton, Sept. 7, 1857; son of Patrick and 
Julia (Slattery) Barron. Educated at 
Montreal College, and the Grand Semi- 
nary of Montreal, under the Sulpician 
fathers. In 1881 he was ordained by the 
Rt. Rev. Louis DeGoesbriand, in the ca- 
thedral of the Immaculate Conception. 
Burlington ; his first charge was as rector 
of the Catholic church of Vergennes, with 
Charlotte for a mission, which he held for 
six weeks ; he was then transferred to 
Richmond, where he spent eight years in 
charge of the parish of Our Lady of the 
Rosary; in 1892 he succeeded Bishop 
Michaud in Bennington. 

BARRON, Edwin Wayland, Barton. 
Merchant. Born West Charleston, Sept. 
5, 1854; son of Lorenzo Dow and Sarah 
(Turner) Barron. Educated at Charles- 
ton Academy. In 1881 married Ella L. 
Young of Newport; they have two chil- 
dren, Harley Roy and Ruth Mae. At the 
age of 21 began work in a general store 
at West Charleston; in 1880 engaged in 
general merchandise business for himself, 
which he carried on five years, when he 
sold out and removed to Barton ; was in 
business the first 15 years under the firm 
name of Barron tSc Hamblet, since then 
the E. W. Barron Co. A Republican; was 
lister at Charleston first year the printed 
inventories came out; at Barton has been 
selectman two years; justice of the peace 
six years; village trustee two years; town 




grand juror two years; trustee of Barton 
Academy and graded school four years; 
represented Barton in the Legishiture 
1910 ; is director in Barton Savings Bank 
and Trust Co. : and president of the AVel- 
conie O. Brown Cemetery Association. A 
CongregationaHst. Member of Orleans 
Lodge Xo. 0.5. F. it A. M.. of Barton. 

BARROAVS, Fletc HER K.. Brattleboro. 
Banker. Born Vineyard Haven, Mass., 
Jan. '24. 18o'-2; son of Peleg and S. Lavinia 
(Fletcher) Barrows. Educated at Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College, Amherst. In 
1877 married Stella E. Marshall of Brat- 
tleboro. In 1873 succeeded to coal busi- 
ness of his father, among the earliest coal 
dealers in Brattleboro; afterwards for 25 
years a dry goods merchant, retiring from 
business in 1902; has been trustee Brat- 
tleboro Savings Bank since 189^, vice- 
president 1899- 1907. president since 1907. 
For eight years Avas an officer of the Na- 
tional Guard of Vermont, first lieutenant 
Co. I. 1st Regiment, for four years. Is a 
Republican; a Universalist ; member of 
Columbian Lodge Xo. 36. F. & A. M.; a 
trustee of Brooks P'ree Library, Brattle- 

BARROWS, GiLMAX Addison, Morris- 
town. Farmer and road builder. Born 
Morristown, Sept. 24, 1836; son of 
Malachi and Patience (Benson) Barrows. 
Educated in the public schools. In 1862 
married EHen McManimon of Waterville; 
she died 1895; they had three daughters, 
Luella rMrs. Hart), Ella (Mrs. Parker), 
and Blanche Belle (Mrs. Reynolds) ; in 
1900 married Mrs. Elizabeth (Stone) 
Hadley of Morristown. Followed farm- 
ing previous to 1862. when he engaged 
in the meat business in Morrisville; in 
1 872 sold out and did trucking and ex- 
press work until 1890. In 1892 was 
elected highway commissioner, and has 
been reelected each term since; in 1906 
was appointed county supervisor of high- 
ways, and has been reapjjointed each 
year since; has hehl various town offices. 
Is a Republican. A Universalist. Mem- 
ber of Lamoijb- firangc Xo. 233. 

B.VRS.S, .losKiMi X.. Vergennes. Su- 
]>erint(ridftit of State Industrial School. 
Born Windsor. Nova Scotia. Dec. 4, 1872; 
son of .Joseph T. and Harriet (\'id(;to) 
Karss. Educated at Acadia College, Wolf- 

ville. N. S. In 1906 married Jessie M. 
McX'eil of Melvern Square, X. S. Was 
bookkeeper for George F. Washburn & 
Co.. Boston, 1900-1 ; assistant, Worcester 
County. Mass., Training School, 1901-2; 
assistant superintendent, Kurn-Hattin 
Home, Westminster, 1902-3; superintend- 
ent of Stetson Home for Boys, Barre, 
Mass., 1903-7; since 1907 superintendent 
of Vermont State Industrial School, Ver- 
gennes. Is a Republican. In religious 
belief a Baptist. 

BARSTOW, John L. Governor 1882- 
84. See page 45. 

BARTLETT, Clayton Witters, Ben- 
nington. Physician and surgeon. Born 
Georgia, Sept. 24, 1 865 ; son of Samuel 
H. and Juliette E. (Witters) Bartlett. 
Educated at Milton High School and 
medical department. University of Ver- 
mont. In I892 married Katherine A. 
Landon; they have no children. Began 
the practice of medicine at East Dorset 
1888; in 1900 removed to Bennington, 
where he has since continued practice. 
U. S. examining surgeon 1893-7. Mem- 
ber Masonic fraternity; Knight Templar 
and 32d degree Mason; the Mystic Shrine; 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows; 
Knights of Pythias ; Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks, and Foresters of 

BATCHELDER, Arch, Plainfield. 
Merchant and manufacturer. Born Chi- 
cago. 111., April 30, 1855; son of James M. 
and Miranda M. (Lawrence) Batchelder. 
Educated in the public schools, Goddard 
Seminary, and Norwich University. In 
1877 married Emma F. Best of North- 
field. In 1877 built a mill for the manu- 
facturing of feed and lumber which he 
has since owned and superintended. Is 
a Republican; represented Plainfield in 
the Legislature 1902; member of school 
board and auditor's board of Plainfield. 
Clerk of the Universalist Church for 20 
years. Past master Wyoming Lodge No. 
80, F. & A. M. ; member of King Solomon 
Chapter No. 7, R. A. M.; Montpelier 
Council No. 4, R. & S, M.; Mount Zion 
Conunandery No. 9, K. T. ; Mystic Shrine; 
Indt))eiid(nt Order of Odd Fellows; 
Knights of Pythias; the Elks; and Red 




BATCHELDER, Clark Asa, Fitch- 
burg, Mass. Lawyer. Born Peru, Feb. 23, 
1848; son of Edmund and Sopliia (Si- 
monds) Batchelder. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Peru, Westfield State Nor- 
mal School, Westfield, Mass. ; Williston 
Seminary, East Hampton, Mass. ; and 
Boston University, Boston, Mass. In 187'i 
married Catherine W. Hard of Manches- 
ter; they have three children, Mary C. 
(Mrs. Edward P'letcher, San Diego, Cal.), 
Louise S. (San Diego), and Eugene C. 
(San Diego). Commissioner of insolven- 
cy, Middlesex County, Mass. ; member 
school board, Aver, Mass. ; member of 
school board, Fitchburg, Mass. ; after that 
in Ayer. Commissioned for life as com- 
missioner to qualify civil officers; commis- 
sioned associate judge municipal court, 
Fitchburg, 1903, now held by the ap- 
pointee. Practice in United States and 
District Courts ; largely engaged in equity 
practice. A Republican ; never held or 
been a candidate for political office. Mem- 
ber Rollstone Congregational Church ; 
past master St. Paul Lodge, F. & A. M., 
Ayer, Mass. ; at present affiliated with 
Aurora Lodge of Fitchburg. 

BATCHELDER, James Kendrick, Ar- 
lington. Lawyer. Born Peru, Nov. 10, 
1842; son of Ira K. and Nancy (Barnard) 
Batchelder. Preparatory education, Burr 
and Burton Seminary, and Middlebury 
Cpllege, A. B. 1864. In 1867 married 
Alta Parsons of Arlington ; they have one 
child, Julia Pauline, wife of Dr. C. M. 
Campbell of Rochester. Studied law at 
Albany Law School and with Hon. J. M. 
Tyler, Wilmington and Brattleboro; ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1 866 ; practiced at 
Arlington and Bennington since 1866. Is 
a Republican ; states attorney Bennington 
County 1874-84; represented Arlington in 
the Legislature 1874, 1876, 1884, speaker 
of the House 1884; presidential elector 
1880. Member of Vermont Bar Associa- 
tion, president 1908-9; member of Ben- 
nington Club, and Arlington Young Men's 

three children, John Thompson, Dorothy 
(deceased), both born in Brattleboro, and 
Gordon, born in Bethel. Studied law in 
the office of Waterman & Martin. Brat- 
tleboro, and in the office of Huuton & 
Stickney, Bethel ; admitted to tlu- Ver- 
mont Bar May 17, 1904; has since been 
engaged in the practice of law at Bethel ; 
appointed Vermont member of national 
commission on uniform state laws 1911- 
Was trooper in Troop K, 1st U. S. Volun- 
teer Cavalry (Roosevelt's Rough Riders), 
in war with Spain in 1898 — the only man 
from Vermont in the Rough Riders ; com- 
missioned 1st lieutenant by President Mc- 
Kinley, Aug. 17, 1899; served in Philip- 
pine Islands ; took part in the fighting on 
the "south line" under General Schwan, 
serving in "the flying column"; 1st lieu- 
tenant Co. G, 46th U. S. Infantry ; captain 
Co. B, and afterward of Co. C, same regi- 
ment; fought in the battles of Binan, Le- 
meri, Silang, the skirmish at Calacca, the 
engagements at Indang, Taal, and all the 
other actions in which his battalion was 
engaged. His company led the charge at 
Taal, Jan. 19, 1900, he and his men being 
the first across the bridge in the face of 
rifle and artillery fire, capturing the bat- 
tery in action and making prisoners of the 
gunners. In the official report of this 
charge Major-General Elwell S. Otis, com- 
manding the army in the Philippines, said, 
"There may be as good soldiers in the 
United States Arm}^, but there are none 
better." Was honorably discharged in 
San Francisco, Cal., May 31, 1901, when 
his regiment was mustered out of service. 
Member Christ Episcopal Church, Bethel; 
White River Lodge No. 90, F. & A. M., 
Bethel ; Vermont Bar Association ; Ver- 
mont Fish and Game League ; ^laryland 
Peace Society ; American Peace Society ; 
Windsor County Committee, Y. M. C. A. 
(incorporated), of which he was one of the 
founders and charter members ; American 
Society for the Judicial Settlement of In- 
ternational Disputes ; Roosevelt's Rough 
Riders' Association ; American Bar Asso- 

BATCHELDER, Wallace, Bethel. 
Lawyer. Born Andover, June 20, 1875; 
son of Edmimd Abel and Lizzie Emma 
(Nutting) Batchelder. Educated in the 
public schools and Chester High School 
and Academy. In 1901 married Maude 
Leone Thompson of Cavendish ; they had 

BATCHELDER, William, White 
River Junction. Lawyer. Born West- 
minster, Sept. 14, 1844; son of Rev. Cal- 
vin Reddington and Frances (Abbott) 
Batchelder. Received early education with 
private tutors, including his father; later 
graduated from Burr and Burton Semi- 




narv at Manchester, and studied law with 
Hon. Augustus P. Hunton of Bethel. In 
1870 married Julia Elizabeth Kennedy of 
Langdon, X. H. ; they had three children, 
Charles, Agnes Frances (deceased), and 
Anna Maria. Admitted to the Vermont 
Bar 187:?, locating the same year in Wind- 
sor; practiced in partnership with Hon. 
J. B. Farnsworth. and later formed a 
partnership with Hon. James X. Edmin- 
ster. Moved to White River Junction in 
18P8, and has practiced there since. Is 
one of the oldest and most widely known 
lawyers now in active practice in the Ver- 
mont courts. Has been engaged in many 
of the most important litigations ever car- 
ried on in Vermont, and has appeared in 
some famous trials in Massachusetts. Is 
a Republican; elected states attorney in 
1886, holding that office two years. In 
religious belief an Episcopalian. 

BATES, George Luciax, Morrisville. 
Physician and surgeon. Born ^Nlorris- 
town. May 55, 1871 ; son of George X. and 
Marion E. (Wright) Bates. Educated in 
California Public Schools, People's Acad- 
emy. Morrisville, and a graduate of Uni- 
versity of Vermont College of Medicine, 
class of 18p7. In 1902 married ]\Iaude 
M. Walsh of Philadelphia, Pa.; they have 
two daughters. Marian Catherine and 
Frances Marie. Lived in southern Cali- 
fornia 1 88.5-9. Has been engaged in the 
practice of medicine in Morrisville since 
1 897 ; is a member of the board of United 
States pension examining surgeons. ^Nlem- 
hvT of the Lamoille County and Vermont 
State Medical .Societies, and of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association. Is a Repub- 
lican. A member of Mt. Vernon Lodge 
Xo. S. F. & A. M.; Tucker Chapter. R. A. 
-NL: Lamoille Commandery, K. T. ; Mt. 
Sinai Temple, A. A. O. X. M. S. of Mont- 
pflier; Knights of Pythias; and Phi Chi 
C ollege Fraternity. 

H.VTF.S. .STonr)\nn B., Derby. Farmer. 
Horn Xewport. .March 18, 1862; son of 
Alorizo D. and Katherine (Benham) Bates. 
Kdueated in the jniblic schools and Derby 
.Academy. In 1895 married Lillian liates 
of Derby; they have two children. Lee B. 
and Harbara. Has f«)llo\ved fanning since 
188.',. and was an extensive shipper of 
potatoes from 1892 to 1907. Is director 
of Derby Line Xational Bank; president 
fxecutivf! committee of board of trustees 

of Derby xYcademy. Is a Republican; 
has held all the town and village offices; 
county road supervisor since 1906; repre- 
sented Derby in the Legislature 1910. In 
religious preference a Congregationalist. 
A member of Orleans Lodge Xo. 73, I. O. 
O. F. 

BATTELL, Joseph, Middlebury. Phi- 
lologist, author, editor, and publisher. 
Born Middlebury, July 15, 1839; son of 
Philip Battell, a native of Xorfolk, Conn., 
who graduated at Middlebury College 
1826, and Emma Hart (Seymour) Battell, 
daughter of the Hon. Horatio Seymour, 
U. S. senator from Vermont 1821-33. Edu- 
cated in the public schools and Middlebury 
College. jNIr. Battell is unmarried. Fail- 
ing in health from overstudy during his 
third year in college, he traveled in Eu- 
rope for a time, and on returning in 1865, 
purchased the large tract of land in Rip- 
ton now known as Bread Loaf Mountain, 
making extensive additions to the inn 
there, which, with its ten adjoining cot- 
tages, now furnishes accommodations for 
150 guests. In 1905 conveyed by deed of 
gift to United States government his beau- 
tiful farm in Weybridge, consisting of 500 
acres of land with buildings thereon, to be 
used for the breeding of Morgan horses; 
in 1910 gave to the State of Vermont for 
jDurposes of a public park 500 acres of 
virgin forest, including Camel's Hump 
mountain, said to have been called by the 
French Lion Couchant (the crouching 
lion). Editor and publisher Middlebury 
Register since 1884; author and publisher 
of "Ellen, or The Whisperings of an Old 
Pine," an elaborate indictment of modern 
science, especially in regard to the undu- 
latory theories and the principles of evo- 
lution; "The Xew Physics," a treatise on 
light and sound, which places the theory 
of sound in harmony with Xewton's cor- 
jiuscular theory of light; "American Stal- 
lion Register," and "The Morgan Horse 
and Register," covering a period of 25 
years' research and a total expenditure of 
$'150,000; "The Horse," in three volumes, 
the history of this noble animal in all times 
and countries; "Money and the Money 
Power"; compiler and publisher of "The 
Hoin<' Library," being selections in prose 
and j)oetry from the best literature in the 
world in all ages, including secular, relig- 
ious, historical. ))hiloso))hical, and hmnor- 




ous. A Republican; has been a member 
of the Vermont Legislature eight times — 
seven in the House, and once in the Sen- 
ate, serving on many of the most import- 
ant committees in both branches of the 
Legislature. Is a Congregationalist. 

BAYLIES, P'rederick Wheaton, Bur- 
lington. Physician and surgeon. Born 
Taunton, Mass., Oct. 15, 1871; son of 
Charles and Cornelia (Smith) Baylies. 
Educated in the public schools of Taun- 
ton, Mass. ; Bristol Academy, Taunton, 
Mass.; and University of Vermont medi- 
cal department. In 1891 married Leonora 
W. Estes of New Bedford, Mass.; they 
have four children living, Miriam, Cecil 
LeBaron, Eunice, and Cornelia Josephine. 
After graduation was instructor and ad- 
junct professor of chemistry in the Uni- 
versity of Vermont medical department 
for two years ; has since been in active 
practice; has taken special work in large 
laboratories in New York and Boston in 
pathology of the blood, the making of 
autogenous vaccines, and clinical diagnosis. 
Member of the Burlington and Chittenden 
County Clinical Society ; Vermont State 
Medical Society ; and American Medical 
Society. Is a Republican. Member of 
the L^nitarian Church. Member of Old 
Colony Historical Society of Taunton, 
Mass. ; the Independent Order of For- 
esters ; Washington Lodge No. S, F. & 
A. M.; Hamilton Lodge No. 14, I. O. 
O. F. ; Green Mountain Encampment No. 
3, I. O. O. F.; has passed the chairs in 
both lodge and encampment, and is a 
member of both state grand bodies. 

BEACH, Harvey F., Ferrisburg. 
Farmer and hotel keeper. Born Ferris- 
burg. Aug. 9, 1850; son of Allen Penfield 
and Caroline (Bently) Beach. Educated 
at Newbury and Montpelier Seminaries. 
In 1871 married Phebe N. Torrey of Pan- 
ton, Avho died 1891; they had three chil- 
dren, Charles E., Caroline E., and Allen 
Penfield; in 1893 married Lucy J. Spen- 
cer of Bristol. Has always followed 
farming; in 1909 came into possession of 
the farm and summer liotel known as "The 
Lodge" at Basin Harbor, formerly owned 
by his sister, Ardelia B. Strong. A Re- 
publican; school director 12 years; jus- 
tice of the peace; and town grand juror. 
Member of the ^lethodist Episcopal 
Church for 45 years; steward, trustee, 

and Sunday school superintendent. Mem- 
ber of the Grange. 

BEAN, Roy A., Orleans. Banker. Born 
Glover, Aug. 29, 1879; son of Amos P. 
and Ellen (Day) Bean. Educated at 
Barton Academy, graduated 1899. In 
1903 married Grace W. Richmond of New- 
port; they have one daughter, Eleanor R., 
and one son, Hayden Curtis. Teller Bar- 
ton National Bank 1899-1904; bookkeeper 
First National Bank, Bennington, 1905; 
has been treasurer of the Central Savings 
Bank at Orleans since its organization in 
1905. A Republican; treasurer of village 
of Orleans since 1906; treasurer of incor- 
porated school district since 1907. Mem- 
ber of the Congregational Church. Mem- 
ber of Valley Lodge No. 106, F. & A. M.; 
and Keystone Chapter No. l6, R. A. M., 
of Barton. 

BEANE, John H., Lincoln. Whole- 
sale produce dealer. Born South Burling- 
ton, May 15, 1859; son of Joseph and 
Margaret (O'Conners) Beane. Educated 
in the public schools, and Comer's Com- 
mercial College, Boston, Mass. In 1881 
married Lois L. Purinton of Lincoln. En- 
gaged in farming and lumbering 1881-4; 
in 1884 started the purchasing at whole- 
sale of farm produce, which business he 
has since continued ; was one of the pro- 
moters of the Lincoln Lumber Co. in 
1889; director and connected with the 
company to the present time. Is a Re- 
publican; represented Lincoln in the 
Legislature 1900; has held all the im- 
portant town offices; was constable and 
collector of taxes 14 years; deputj' sheriff 
since 1897. In religious preference a 
Baptist. Member of Libanus Lodge No. 
47, F. & A. M., of Bristol. 

BEARDSLEY, Jisxix S., Alburg 
Springs. Insurance. Born at Alburg 
Sjarings, Nov. 14, 1859; son of George 
W. and Charlotte (Davis) Beardsley. 
Educated in the public schools of Alburg. 
Barre Academy, and Essex Classical In- 
stitute. Was in the hotel business in the 
White Mountains much of the time jjre- 
vious to 1894; assistant postmaster four 
years; postmaster 1894-1900; has engaged 
in fire insurance since 1900; station agent 
Grand Trunk Railroad 1905. A Demo- 
crat; member state Democratic committee; 
justice of the peace for jiast 12 years; 




elected states attorney li)OS. and re-elected 
U)10. An attendant of the Unitarian 
Church. Member of the Knights of Pyth- 
ias, chancellor eonnnander. 

BEEBE. William Asahel, Morrisville. 
Teacher. Born M alone. X. Y\. April 14, 
lSd4; son of Asahel P. and Helen (Bell) 
Beehe. (iraduated from P'ranklin Acad- 
emy. Malone. N. Y.. 1881. and University 
.if Wrmont with degree of A. B. 1889. 
In 18i)l married Cora V. Mudgett of Cam- 
bridge; they had two children, Ralph M. 
(deceased) and Edwin M. Was principal 
of Brushton High School. Brushton, N. Y., 
1884-8; has been principal People's Acad- 
emy. Morrisville. since 1889; under his 
prineipalship the academy has held a high 
rank among the secondary schools of Ver- 
mont. Examiner of teachers for Lamoille 
County 1 89-2-8 and 190^-10; member of 
\'ermont Schoolmasters' Club and the ex- 
ecutive committee of State Teachers' Asso- 
ciation 1901-1; president of the Associa- 
tion 1904-5; director since 1905; has been 
active in teachers' institutes, summer 
schools, and other educational meetings. 
Member of Congregational Church. Mem- 
ber of Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. 

BELDEX. Harry Willis, Waitsfield. 
Butter manufacturer. Born Pawlet, Dec. 
9. 187^2; son of Jerome A. and Emma G. 
(Bostwick) Belden. Educated in the 
graded school at Pawlet, and Troy Con- 
ference Academy at Poultney. In 1900 
married Georgianna Gorton of Danby. 
^^ hen quite young started in the cheese 
business, and at the age of 18 managed 
the Excelsior Cheese Factory at Danby 
one season; then was employed in the 
creamery business of the C. Brigham 
Co.. Wallingford and Danby; later went 
to Richmond and managed creameries sev- 
f-ral years; in 1899 l)urchased the Mad 
River \'alley creameries at Wailsfield and 
Warrrn; in 190'.^ the Cold Springs cream- 
ery at Moritown; and later the Mt. 
Mansfield creamery at Stowe and the Or- 
leans County creameries in Xorth Troy 
and Westfield; in 1905 the Cloverdale 
creamery, consisting of four plants sit- 
uated in Cloverdale. Westford and Xorth 
I nd« rhill. In sf)me years the amoimt of 
butter n)ade has been nearly two million 
pounds. Is a Republican. Attends the 
f ongregational C hurcli. Member of Mad 
River I.odK' No. 77. F. *c A. M.; Water- 

bury Chapter No. 24, R. A. M.; Mont- 
pelier Council Xo. 4, R. &' S. M.; Mt. 
Zion Commandery No. 9. K. T.; Gamaliel 
Washburn Lodge of Perfection; Mt. Cal- 
vary Council, P. of J.; Delta Chapter 
of Rose Croix; and Vermont Consistory, 
32 degrees. 

BELKX'AP, Willis Clayton, Bellows 
Falls. Editor and publisher. Born Ber- 
lin, April 7, 1866; son of J. Q. A. and 
Susan A. (Richardson) Belknap. Edu- 
cated at Montpelier Seminary, class of 
1888; Dartmouth College, A. B. 1892; 
University of Michigan, LL. B. 1893. 
In 1898 married Katie May Carpenter of 
Bellows Falls ; they have five children, 
Paul C, Caroline M., Margaret A., Hilda 
F., and Roland W. Reporter Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., Daily Times, 1893-5. Ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1895. Located at 
Bellows Falls 1895, purchasing Bellows 
Falls Times, and Vermont Journal at 
Windsor, 191O. Is president of Cheshire 
Republican Co., Keene, N. H. ; director of 
Bellows Falls Trust Co. Is a Republican; 
was superintendent of public schools, Ber- 
lin, 1888; deputy collector internal rev- 
enue, I894 to date. Is an Episcopalian; 
vestryman of Emanuel Church, Bellows 
Falls. Member of King Solomon's 
Temple Lodge X"o. 45, F. & A. M., and of 
Fall Mountain Grange. 

BELL, Charles J. Governor 1904-06. 
See page 50. 

BELL, Ora O., Alburg. Hotel pro- 
prietor. Born Alburg, September, 1 854 ; 
son of Benjamin P'ranklin and Susan 
(Farnsworth) Bell. His father was killed 
in the battle of Fredericksburg. Educated 
in the public schools of Alburg, and select 
school, Grand Isle. In 1877 married 
Minerva Hall of Isle La Motte; they have 
one daugliter, Ethel Bessie ( ^ ^ 

Lord). Mr. Bell carried o; ., j 

father's farm for several yeuio, w.^., ,- 
the cattle business in Wj^oming 1886-90; 
in 1890 returned to Alburg, purchased a 
farm, and followed farming until 1901, 
when he sold the farm, removed to Alburg 
village, and built what is known as the 
Bell House, continuing the hotel business 
to date; also deals in coal. A Republican; 
county sheriff" 1904-8; constable four 
years; school director 1897-1900; select- 
man 1894-7, 1.905-6, and from 1.907 to 




the present time. An attendant of the 
Methodist Church. ^lember of Columbus 
Lodge No. 11, F. & A. M., of Alburg. 

BENEDICT, Charles Fremont, Corn- 
wall. Farmer. Born Cornwall, Dec. 1, 
1856; son of Charles and Ruth L. (Squire) 
Benedict. Educated in the public schools, 
and Burr & Burton Seminary, Manches- 
ter. In 1882 married Agnes B. Taggart 
of Nicholville, N. Y. ; they have four chil- 
dren. Ward Taggart, Stewart Squire, Ruth 
Jeanette, and Arthur Ellsworth. After 
leaving school remained on the farm, suc- 
ceeding to the estate on his father's death, 
and breeding horses and cattle ; his father 
was a noted ]Merino sheep breeder. Is a 
Republican ; represented Cornwall in the 
Legislature 1908; member of the. com- 
mittee on grand list ; has been lister for 
25 years. An attendant of the Congrega- 
tional church. Member of Cornwall 
Grange, and Pomona Grange. 

BENJAoNIIN, Sam'l Greene Wheeler, 
Burlington. Author, artist and diplomat. 
Born Argos, Greece, Feb. 13, 1837; son 
of Nathan B. (American missionary) and 
]\Iary Gladding (Wheeler) Benjamin 
(poetical writer), and great-grandson of 
Capt. Nathan Benjamin and Capt. 
Charles Seymour, who served in Ameri- 
can Revolution. Studied at home, and at 
English College, Smyrna, Turkey; gradu- 
ated Williams College 1859. In 1863 mar- 
ried Clara Stowell of Brookfield, Mass., 
who died in 1880; in 1882 married Fannie 
Nichols Weed of Alton, 111., author of 
"Sunny Side of Shadow." Assistant li- 
brarian New York State Library, 1861-1; 
sent two comjjanies of cavalry to the Civil 
War; served in military hospitals; read 
law ; studied art ; at sea several years 
mastering sailing ships ; art editor, Amer- 
ican department, "Magazine of Art," also 
^^ '" ."'Mail; contributor to magazines, 
''painter and illustrator. Sent 
v^iiniean vv'Ar marine drawings to London 
Illustrated News, 1854; opened studio in 
Boston as artist in oil and water colors, 
1870; honorable mention for painting, 
Boston, exhibit of 1881 ; also for Persian 
products in State Department Group. 
New Orleans Exposition. Is a Republi- 
can; first U. S. minister to Persia, 1883- 
5 ; president Republican Club, Richmond 
County, New York, 1892. Vice-president 
Society American Authors ; member Sons 

of Revolution, Phi Beta Kappa, Society 
of Colonial Wars, Boston Art Club, Amer- 
ican P'ree Art League, National Geo- 
graphic Society, and American Forestrv 
Association. Author Constantinople, Isle 
of Pearls, and Other Poems, 1861; Ode 
on the Death of Abraham Lincoln, 1865; 
The Turk and the Greek, 1867; Tom 
Roper, a Yarn for Boys, 1868; The Choice 
of Paris, a Romance of the Troad, 1870; 
Advice of Father to Son (translation from 
Latin poem), 1871; Contemporary Art in 
Europe, 1877; What is Art.? 1877; The 
Atlantic Islands, published in London, 
1878; Art in America, 1879; Our Ameri- 
can Artists, 2nd series, 1880; The Multi- 
tudinous Seas, 1879; The World's Para- 
dises, 1879; Troy, its Legend, Literature 
and Topography, 1881 ; A Group of Etch- 
ers, 1883; Cruise of the Alice May, 1884; 
Persia and the Persians, 1886; The Story 
of Persia (translated into East Indian 
dialects and published in Bombay), 1887; 
Sea Spray, 1888. 

BENNETT, Edward Cushman, Ben- 
nington. Lawyer. Born Bennington, Sept. 
5, 1873; son of Edward Dewey and Eliza 
(Cushman) Bennett. Educated at Ben- 
nington graded and high school; Norwich 
University, class of 1893; and special 
course at Boston L'niversity Law School. 
In 1901 married Cynthia B. Gardner of 
Bennington ; they have two children, 
Charles Gardner and Harriet Estelle. 
Studied law in the office of Barber & Dar- 
ling; admitted to Vermont Bar 19OO; since 
1905 member of the law firm of Bennett 
ik Graves, Bennington. Is a Republican; 
deputy state auditor 1900-2; executive 
clerk for Gov. John G. McCullough 1902- 
4; judge of probate court, district of Ben- 
nington, appointed by Gov. Fletcher D. 
Proctor, Sept. 5, 1907, to fill out unex- 
pired term of Hon. John V. Carney, de- 
ceased; elected to same position 1908 and 
1910 ; present term expires Dec. 1. 191~- 
Member of Second Congregational Church, 
Bennington; member of the board of trus- 
tees "and second vice-president. Member 
of Mt. Anthony Lodge No. 13, F. & A. 
M.; Bennington Lodge of Elks; and Ben- 
nington Club. 

BENNETT. Otto Ronald, Manches- 
ter. Editor and publisher. Born Aug. 
14, 1866; son of George Walter and Julia 
Frances Bennett. Educated at Burr and 




Burton Seminary. Manchester. In 1892 
married Jessie Stewart of Bennington; 
they have four children. George Stewart, 
Otto Ronald. Marion Louise, and Jessie 
Jean. Became apprentice to C. A. Pierce, 
publisher of Bennington Banner. 1884; 
was secretary and treasurer Ronald Print- 
ing Co., New York, 1888-1905; in 1905 
purchased the Manchester Journal; has 
>.ince been its editor and publisher. Served 
in Co. K, 23rd Rcgimtnt. X. G. X. Y., for 
six years. Is a Republican. In religious 
belief an Episcopalian. Past master Boil- 
ing Spring Lodge Xo. 152, F. & A. M., 
of Rutherford. X. J.; member of Adoni- 
ram Chapter Xo. 18, R. A. M.. of Man- 
chester; past grand of Hope Lodge Xo. 
50. I. O. O. F.. of Manchester. 

BEXTOX, Everett Chamberlin, Bel- 
mont, Mass. Insurance. Born Guildhall, 
Sept. 25, 1862; son of Hon. Charles Em- 
erson and Adda (Chemberlin) Benton. 
His family was of Revolutionary stock, 
his grandfather having been a captain in 
the continental army. Educated at pub- 
lic scliools of Guildhall, and Lancaster (X. 
H.) Academy. In 1885 married ^Villena 
Rogers of Cambridge, Mass.; they have 
six children, Jay Rogers, Charles Everett, 
Blanche Avola (Mrs. C. E. Lonegren), 
Dorothy Draper. Hannah Slade, and Jo- 
siah Holt. In 1882 went to Boston and 
secured a position in the insurance house 
of John C. Paige, and at the death of the 
founder of the firm became a part of its 
organization, continuing to date. In 19IO 
organized the Massachusetts Fire and Ma- 
rine Insurance Co. of Boston, Mass., be- 
coming its first president; author of "The 
History of Guildhall, Vermont," a valu- 
able and authentic authority, supplying 
much of the early history of the county as 
well as the town. Served in Co. I, 3rd 
Regiment X'ew Hampshire Xational 
Guard ; member Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Co. of Boston, and its command- 
er ]()\]-]2. A Republican, and for many 
years prominent in the councils of the 
party ; aide-de-camp, with rank of colonel, 
on staff of Governor Greenhalge 1895-7; 
elected member of the executive council 
in 1898; member state committee 11 years; 
delegate to thref national conventions, and 
in 1901- delegate-at-large; member Met- 
ropolitan Park commission. A Universal- 
ist ; chairman board of trustees Second 
.Society of Universal! sts of Boston. In 

I895 became a member of Simon W. Rob- 
inson Lodge, F. & A. M,; Waltham Royal 
Arch Chapter 1896; Boston Council, R. 
& S. M., 1901, and of St. Bernard Com- 
mandery, K. T., 1902; received Scottish 
Rite degrees 1895, and 33rd degree 1902; 
among other distinctions Colonel Benton 
has earned the title of past master, past 
thrice illustrious master, and past grand 
master of the Royal and Select Rite; past 
commander of St. Bernard Commandery, 
K. T., and past commander-in-chief of the 
Massachusetts Consistory. He is past 
president Massachusetts and Rhode Island 
Association Knights Templar Command- 
ers; in 1912 installed grand master of 
Masons in Massachusetts. First district 
deputy grand master of the Fourteenth 
Vermont District, and in 1905 was elected 
grand junior warden of the Grand Lodge 
of Vermont. In 1901 erected and pre- 
sented to his native town a public library 
and Masonic hall. Past president Beacon 
Society of Boston; member of the Algon- 
quin Club, Oakley Country Club, Boston 
Art Club, Vermont Association, Sons of 
the American Revolution, and vice-presi- 
dent Sons of the Revolution. Office, 65 
Kilby Street, Boston ; residence, Oakley 
Road, Belmont, Mass. 

BEXTOX, Guy Potter, Burlington. 
Educator, college president. Born Ken- 
ton, O., May 26, 1 865 ; son of Daniel 
Webster and Harriet (Wharton) Benton. 
Educated at Ohio Xormal University, 
Ohio Wesleyan University, Baker Univer- 
sity and University of Wooster, A. M. 
1893, 1905; D. D. 1900, 1905; LL. D. 
1906, 1911. In 1889 married Dolla Kon- 
antz of Arcadia, Kan. ; they have two chil- 
dren, Helen Geneva and Pauline Corinth. 
Superintendent city schools. Fort Scott, 
Kan., 1 890-5 ; assistant state superintend- 
ent public instruction, Kansas, 1895-6; 
professor history and sociology. Baker 
University, 1896-9; member State Board 
of Education, 1899; president Upper Iowa 
University, 1899-1902; president Miami 
University, 1902-11; president University 
of Vermont since July, 1911; president 
Southeastern Kansas Teachers' Associa- 
tion, 1892; secretary Ohio Conference Col- 
lege of Deans and Presidents, 1903-5; 
jircsident Ohio College Association, 1904; 
chairman committee from Ohio College As- 
sociation on An Educational Policy for 
Ohio, 1904-5; president Educational Soci- 




ety of Cincinnati Conference ^lethodist 
Episcopal Church, 1904-5; president Ohio 
State Young Men's Christia,n Association, 
1909-10. Phi Beta Kappa; Phi Delta 
Theta; secretary-treasurer National Asso- 
ciation of State Universities, 19IO-II, 
1911-12. Author of "The Real College." 
Is a Republican; Methodist Episcopal 
clergj'man; member Masonic fraternity, 32 
degrees, Scottish Rite; Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows; University Clubs of Bos- 
ton and Washington; Ethan Allen and 
Algonquin Clubs of Burlington. 

BERRY, Andrew C, Richmond. Milk 
inspector. Born Lachute, P. Q., Feb. 28, 
1854; son of Thomas and Ellen (Miller) 
Berry. Educated in the public schools of 
Jericho, Richmond, and Williston. In 
1877 married Mary A. Henley of Rich- 
mond ; they had seven children, Asahel 
Peck, Ellen Gertrude, Hazel May, Ristora 
Elizabeth, Harold Clarence, Howard An- 
drew, and Homer Andrew. Lived with 
parents in Jericho on the Governor Peck 
farm for 16 years; then purchased the 
Andrew Henley farm on Richmond Hill, 
which he conducted 26 years; for nine 
years and at present inspector for Ver- 
mont Condensed Milk Co. Is a Republi- 
can; town committeeman three years; jus- 
tice of the peace six years ; selectman 
1893-6; re-elected 191O; school director 
three years ; also village treasurer. Is a 
Congregationalist; trustee three years. 
Treasurer North Star Lodge No. 12, F. & 
A. M.; member Waterbury Chapter No. 
24, R. A. M. ; and warden Samaritan 
Lodge No. 59, I. O. O. F. 

BESETT, George Melvin, Burling- 
ton. Manufacturer. Born Richmond, April 
3, 1869; son of Edward and Mary (No- 
ble) Besett. Educated at Richmond High 
School. In 1893 married Jennie Ruth 
Pinney of Middlebury; they have one 
daughter, Marion Ruth. Is secretary and 
general manager of the Wells & Richard- 
son Co. A Republican. A Congregation- 
alist. Member of Washington Lodge No. 
3, F. & A. M.; Burlington Chapter No. 3, 
R. A. M.; Burlington Council No. 5, R. 
& S. M. ; Burlington Commandery No. 2, 
K. T. ; a 32 degree Mason; member of 
Vermont Consistory; Cairo Temple, Mys- 
tic Shrine; Algonquin Club; Ethan Allen 
Club; Waubanakee Golf Club; Drug Club 
of New York City; National Wholesale 

Druggists' Association, and Proprietary 
Association of America. 

BICKFORD, Fraxcis E., Sheffield. 
Farmer. Born Glover, Aug. 3, 1866; son 
of Charles F. and Mahala (Gray) Bick- 
ford. Educated in the public schools. In 
1898 married Hattie Roberts of Sheffield; 
they have three children, Raymond A., 
Clayton G., and Fannie L. After leaving 
school engaged in farming on tlie home 
farm two years ; was employed on farms 
in Sheffield 1887-94, and at Oxford, N. H., 
1 894-6; owned the Lyndonville and Shef- 
field mail route 1896-8; in 1898 purchased 
a farm at Sheffield, which he has since 
conducted. Is a Republican; represented 
Sheffield in the Legislature 1906; road 
commissioner I9OI-8. Member of the 
Methodist Church of Sheffield. ^Member 
of Junior Order of Mechanics. 

BICKFORD, George H., Hardwick. 
Granite manufacturer. Born Barton, Oct. 
10, 1868; son of Rev. George H. and 
Abbie B. (Giffin) Bickford. Educated in 
the public schools of Keene, N. H., Ver- 
mont Methodist Seminary, Montpelier, 
and a graduate of Wesleyan University, 
Middletown, Conn., 1891. In 1904 mar- 
ried Alice A. Holden of Bennington; they 
had three children, George F., Beatrice 
(deceased), and Holden J., and an adopt- 
ed daughter, Barbara. Taught one year 
in Haverford College, Haverford, Pa. ; 
employed by Ginn & Co.. school textbook 
publishers, as salesman in New York 
state; later with Holden, Leonard & Co., 
woolen manufacturers, Bennington ; in 
I896 became treasurer and general man- 
ager Woodbury Granite Co., the largest 
producers and manufacturers of granite 
for building purposes in the world, with 
their main quarries at Woodbury, their 
cutting plants at Hardwick, with a second 
plant at Bethel, which is the second larg- 
est plant in the world ; is now the only 
active member of the company ; is manag- 
ing director and treasurer Hardwick & 
Woodbury Railroad ; director Gaysville 
Electric Light and Power Co. ; director 
Holden & Leonard Co., Bennington. Is 
a Republican and a Methodist. 

BIGELOW, Walter J., St. Johnsbury. 
Editor and publisher. Born Stowe, Jan. 
22, 1865; son of Newell and Charlotte 
(Munn) Bigelow. Educated at Montpel- 




ier Seminary and University of Vermont. 
In lSp5 married Florence E. Mooney of 
Mansonville. P. Q.: they liave one daugh- 
ter. Ruth Barr. Worked 17 years on Bur- 
lington Daily Free Press. 1") years as 
night editor; purchased the St. Johnsbury 
Caledonian in IpOJ). and the Ranlet Press 
in IplO. operating the combined business; 
is president and treasurer of the Cale- 
donian Company. Is a Republican; chair- 
man of Republican State Convention 1906; 
mayor of Burlington U)07-9; member of 
the special tax commission for Vermont 
18i)S-UKH). An attendant of the Episco- 
pal Church. Member Burlington Lodge 
No. 100. F. & A. M.; was first secretary 
of St. Johnsbury Commercial Club. 

BILLINGS. Franklin Savift, Wood- 
stock. Treasurer and director. Born 
New Bedford. Mass.. May 11, 186^2; son 
of Franklin Noble and Nancy (Swift) 
BiUings. Educated by private instruc- 
tion, at Adams Academy, Quincy, Mass., 
and Harvard College, class of 1885. In 
18i)-2 married Bessie Hewitt Vail of New 
York; they had three children, Elizabeth 
Swift. Franklin Noble (deceased), and 
Nancy. After leaving college spent part 
of a vear on a sheep ranch in Kansas ; 
later was engaged in the export and im- 
port trade in New York City for about 
17 years; in 1903 came to Woodstock; is 
director of Woodstock Railway Co., Wood- 
st<xk Hotel Co.. Woodstock Aqueduct 
Co., Woodstock Electric Co., and several 
other corporations ; president of Wood- 
stock Ice Supply Co. ; and treasurer of 
the Empire Building Co. and Vermont 
Investment Co. Is a Republican ; rep- 
restnted Woodstock in tlie Legislature 
1!H0; chief of staff with rank of colonel 
to (/f)v. C. .1. Bell 1901-6; chairman of 
Woodstock village meetings for five years. 
An Episcopalian. Member of the Grange ; 
director Lakota Club; secretary and di- 
rector of L.ike Mitdiell Trout Club; and 
iiiernbf r of Boone iV ( roekett Club. 

BILLIN'C;S. Irkm ()., Sliaron. Real 
«stat«- broker. Born Sharon. .June 18, 
1881; son of Olin Leslie and Jessie F. 
CSargent; Billings. Educated at Tilton 
Seminary, Tilton, N. H., and Jiryant and 
.*^tratton Business College, Hoston, Mass 
In 1911 married Bessie Dora Buell o' 
.South .StrafT»»rd. Was reared on a farm; 
at the age of l(i farmed for Rev. G. Cham- 

berlain for one year; from 17 to 21 fired 
for the Amoskeag Company of Manches- 
ter. N. H. Entered ti-aining school for 
nurses at Tewksbury, Mass., in 1900, and 
engaged in nursing for 10 years. Is a 
Republican. A member of the Congre- 
gational Church. Member of Sharon 
Lodge No. 105, F. & A. M., and of the 
Sharon Grange. 

BILLINGS, George N., Waitsfield. 
^lerchant. Born Fayston, July 28^ 1862; 
son of Count DeEstaing and Almina M. 
(Royce) Billings. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools. Married Emma H. Baird of 
^^'aitsfleld ; they have two children, E. 
Jassamine, and Carroll D. Manufacturer 
and dealer in lumber for 25 years. Has 
lived in Waitsfield for past I6 years, with 
the exception of one year spent in Mont- 
pelier; engaged in general merchandise 
business for past five j^ears. Is independ- 
ent in politics ; former town treasurer of 
Fayston; town grand juror Waitsfield. No 
religious preference. Member Mad River 
Lodge No. 77, F. & A. M., of Waitsfield. 

BISBEE, Edward Wyatt, Barre. Law- 
yer. Born W\aitsfield^ Feb. 27, 1856; son 
of Elijah W. and Lydia (Brown) Bisbee. 
Educated at public schools and Barre 
Academy. In 1886 married Julia B. Snow 
of Montpelier; they have no children. 
Taught district schools in Vermont and 
grammar school at Claremont, N. H. ; 
studied law with Heath & Carlton, and 
J. A. Wing, Montpelier; admitted to Bar 
of Vermont 1879. practicing law in Barre 
until January, 1899, when he was ap- 
pointed postmaster at Barre, which office 
lie now holds ; was president of the Post- 
masters' Association of New England, 
1907-8. He is a trustee of the Aldrich 
Public Library. Is a Republican; was 
states attorney for Washington County 
1 866-90. Is member of Granite Lodge, 
F. & A. M.; Granite Chapter No. 26; St. 
Aldeniar Commandery No. 11; Vermont 
Consistory, and Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic 

BISHOP, Elwell A.^ Montpelier. 
Educator. Born Wrightstown, N. J., 
Aug. 21, 1852; son of Samuel W. and 
Elizabeth R. (Patterson) Bishop. Edu- 
cated at New Egypt (N. J.) Academy, 
Wesleyan University, class of 1878; de- 
gree of D. D. from Mt. Union College 




ISPJ', and from Wesleyan University IplO. 
In 1878 married Clara I. Brown of Point- 
ville, N. J.; she died I9O8; they had five 
children, Ethel I., Clara Evelyn, Helen 
Saxanna (deceased), Hallie Belle (de- 
ceased), and Harold Elwell. Was teacher 
of science and mathematics in Bordentown 
(N. J.) Female College 1878-9; principal 
of Durham (Conn.) Academy 1879-81; 
principal of Montpelier Seminary 1881- 
93 ; president of Chamberlain Institute, 
Randolph, X. Y., 1893-1902; pastor M. 

E. Church, McKean, Pa., 1902-3; superin- 
tendent of Ferris Industrial School, Wil- 
mington, Del., 1903-4; principal of Mont- 
pelier Seminary since 1904. Is a Repub- 
lican. President of Vermont State Teach- 
ers' Association 1888. In religious belief 
a Methodist; member of Erie Annual Con- 
ference 1900-4; transferred to Vermont 
Annual Conference 1904; member of Gen- 
eral Conference 1908. Member of F. & 

A. M.; and past grand of I. O. O. F. 

BIXBY, William Gove, late of Ver- 
gennes. Hardware merchant. Born 1827; 
died Feb. 26, 1907; son of William R. and 
Lucy (Gove) Bixby. Educated at Ver- 
gennes in a private school for boys under 

B. B. Allen ("Uncle Ben"). W^as part- 
ner with his father in the hardware busi- 
ness in Vergennes ; also engaged in the 
manufacture of hames at Vergennes Falls. 
After the death of his father, moved to 
Fort Collins, Col., and invested in a sheep 
ranch with the Bristol Bros., formerly of 
Vergennes; started a bank at Ft. Collins, 
of which he was for many years a direc- 
tor and at one time its president ; he also 
had an interest in grain elevators. On 
closing out business in Colorado returned 
to Vergennes, where he died, leaving a 
large sum for the erection and mainten- 
ance of a free public library for his fellow 
townsmen. A Republican. In religious 
preference a Congregationalist. 

BLACK, Harry Alonzo, Newport. 
Lawyer. Born Coventry, Nov. 22, 1879; 
son of Henry F. and Melvina S. (Brooks) 
Black. Educated at Derby Academy. Read 
law three years with J. W. Redmond at 
Newport; admitted to the Vermont Bar 
1903. In 1905 married Jennie M. Gates 
of Newport; they have two sons, Henry 

F. and Raymond G. Has been engaged 
in law practice in Newport since 1903. 
Is a Republican ; served as 2nd assistant 

clerk of the House of Representatives 

1906, and 1st assistant clerk I9O8 and 

1910. Is a Congregationalist. Member 

of Memphremagog Lodge No. ();>, F. & 

A. M.; Cleveland Chapter No. 20, R. A. 

M.; and Orleans Council No. I9, R. & 
S. M. 

BLAIR, Myron Johx, North Troy. 
Manufacturer. Born Jay, Feb. 20, 1 86 !• ; 
son of John and Emeline (Fairwell) Blair. 
Educated in the public schools. In 18<)6 
married Jennie Louise Chaffee of Rich- 
ford ; they have two daughters, Marie Jes- 
samine, and Marjorie Louise. Studied 
music in Boston under the renowned Pro- 
fessor Staats, and meanwhile a member of 
Waltham Watch Co.'s band of 60 pieces. 
In 1887 returned to Vermont, entering the 
employ of the Frost Veneer Co. at New- 
port, remaining lo years; for a time di- 
rector of Newport band, and for 10 sum- 
mers furnished orchestra at Memphrema- 
gog House; in I9OO built and equipped 
veneer mill at Newport, which was burned 
after 18 months' operation; formed a stock 
company and continued the business in 
Newport three years; in 1903 organized 
Blair Veneer Co. at North Troy, which 
was later incorporated; in I906 establish- 
ed branch factory at Montgomery, and 
became identified with the Veneer Prod- 
ucts Co. of Greenville, Me; In December, 
1910, the North Troy plant w^as destroyed 
by fire, and six months later a more mod- 
ern one had replaced it; is president Blair 
Veneer Co. of North Troy and Montgom- 
ery; vice-president Veneer Products Co., 
Greenville, Me.; 2nd vice-president Fron- 
tier Electric Co., North Troy. A Repub- 
lican and a Congregationalist. Member 
of Trojan Lodge No. 20. F. & A. M., and 
Knights of Pytliias. 

BLAISDELL. Edsox George, Brid- 
port. Physician. Born Richford, Dec. 
13, 1846; son of Josiah and Cleora (Mun- 
sell) Blaisdell. Educated in the public 
schools, Fairfax Institute. Dartmouth 
Medical College, and Medical Department 
of University of Vermont. In 1874 mar- 
ried Mary E. Eldredge of Bridport ; they 
had three children. Cleora G. (Mrs. Geo. 
D. Payne), Hattie May (deceased), and 
Harry Edson (deceased) ; has practiced 
medicine in Bridport since 1871; is ex- 
aminer for the Massachusetts Mutual, 
Connecticut Mutual, Phoenix Mutual and 




X. Y. Life Insurance companies. Is a 
Republican; represented Bridport in the 
Legislature l^OS. Has held most of the 
town offices. Is member of American 
Medical Association and Vermont State 
and Addison County Medical Societies. Is 
a Congregationalist. clerk and treasurer of 
Congregational society for o'2 years. Mem- 
ber of Morning Sun Lodge Xo. ;>. F. & 
A. yi.. of Bridport. 

BLAKE, JoHX Mason, Barton. Physi- 
cian. Born Barton. Feb. 1-2, 1873; son of 
Albert B. and Emily (Mason) Blake. 
Educated at Montpelier Seminary and 
L'niversity of Vermont. Medical depart- 
nunt. 1S9S. In IpOo married Mabelle 
Hull of Fairfax; tliey have one daughter, 
Kathleen. Has practiced medicine at Bar- 
ton since his graduation. Is a Republican. 
In religious preference a Methodist. Past 
master Orleans Lodge Xo. 55, F. & A. M.; 
member of Keystone Chapter Xo. 14, R. 
A. M.; Malta Commandery; Le Beau Lac 
Boat Club of Barton, and medical exam- 
iner Crystal Lake Camp. M. W. A. 

BLAXCHARD. Edwix Clarence, 
Xewport. Insurance. Born Coventry, 
Mardi -2ti, 1863; son of Dr. David Wright 
and Mary Jane (Thrasher) Blanchard. 
Educated in the public schools of Xewport, 
and St. Johnsbury Academy. In 1889 
married Harriet J. Camp of Xewport; 
they have three children, Philip Camp, 
Doris Julia, and Christine Harriet. Re- 
moved to X'ewport 1872; was engaed in 
the hardware business about 15 years; 
has been in the insurance business since 
1899- Is a Republican; represented Xew- 
})ort in the Legislature 190t; has held 
various minor offices in his town and vil- 
lage. A Congregationalist. Member of 
the Grange; Xcwjiort Social Club; Mcm- 
piireinagog Yacht Club; associate member 
of the Cir.ind .\riiiy of th(; Republic; and 
intinbrr of various other clubs and asso- 

HI.AXCHARD. Kmwin OsfAR, Ran- 
dol|)h. Dental surgeon. Born Plainfield, 
April 2fi. 1862; son of Dr. (ieorge Dudley 
and F",ll«ii CHlf)Oflj Blanchard. Educated 
at Randolph Hi^li School, Xorwieh Uni- 
vrrsity. and lioston Dental College, gradu- 
ated ]HHr,. In 1886 married Mary Alice 
Gay of Randolph; they have an adopted 
daii(jlit< r. H»l<n Gay. Began the study 

of dentistry in his father's office; also 
practiced in the office of Dr. D. G. Wil- 
liams. Boston; at the death of his father 
succeeded to his practice in Randolph, 
continuing to date. A Republican; presi- 
dent of Randolph board of trade three 
years; has been president and several 
times on the executive committee of Ver- 
mont State Dental Society; appointed by 
Governor Bell to act on state board of 
dental examiners; reappointed by Gov- 
ernor Proctor and reappointed by Gov- 
ernor Mead, still holding the position as 
president of the board. Member of Beth- 
any (Congregational) Church; deacon of 
the church; was Sunday school superin- 
tendent 19 vears. Member of Phoenix 
Lodge Xo. 28, F. & A. M., of Randolph. 

BLAXCHARD, Herbert Hancock, 
Springfield. Lawyer. Born Berlin, Jan. 
22. 1869; son of Watson S. and Sarah 
M. (Hancock) Blanchard. Educated at 
AVindsor High School, and University of 
Vermont, class of 1892. In 1895 mar- 
ried Clara M. Silver of Windsor; they 
have one daughter, Minerva L. Studied 
law with J, C. Enright, Windsor; ad- 
mitted to the Vermont Bar 1895; engaged 
in law practice for three years with J. C. 
Enright under the firm name of Enright 
& Blanchard; in 1898 removed to Spring- 
field, where he has since been in practice, 
since 1907 in partnership with Herbert 
G. Tupper. Is a Republican; prosecuting 
attorney for towns of Windsor and Spring- 
field and states attorney of Windsor 
County 1902-4; judge of municipal court 
of Springfield 1909-10; grand juror of 
town of Windsor for five A^ears, and town 
of Springfield for five years; chairman of 
the Republican county committee; dele- 
gate to all the county conventions for the 
last 12 years, and most of the Republi- 
can state conventions. Director and sec- 
retary of the First Xational Bank of 
Springfield ; director and secretary of the 
Springfield Gas Co. ; president and di- 
rector of the St. Johnsbury Gas Co.; 
treasurer and director of the People's 
Lighting, Heating & Power Co., Barre; 
member of Springfield Metal Co., brass 
and bronz(; founders. Member of the 
First Congregational Church of Spring- 
field ; treasurer of the church for several 
years; leader of the men's seminar; 
trustee of the parsonage; member of the 
committee on benevolences and apportion- 




ment of the same ; member of various com- 
mittees in the Union Association of Con- 
gregational Churches for Windsor and 
Windham Counties^ and moderator for 
1910 and 1911. Member of St. John's 
Lodge No. 41, F. & A. M.; Skitchewaug 
Chapter No. 25, R. A. M.; Springfield 
Council No. 18, R. & S. M.; Holy Cross 
Commandery No. 12, Knights Templar, 
Bellows Falls; Mt. Sinai Temple. A. A. 
O. N. M. S., Montpelier; Springfield 
Lodge No. 42, I. O. O. F.; Springfield 
Tennis Club ; the Cosmopolitan Club ; and 
president of the latter in 1909 and 191O. 

BLANCHARD, Lee S., Groton. Mer- 
chant. Born Groton, Aug. 7, 1880; son of 
Lyman and Jennie (Heath) Blanchard. 
Educated in the public schools of Groton 
and Wells River High School. In 1904 
married Eliazbeth Hall of Groton; they 
have two children, George H. and Mar- 
guerite M. In 1897 went to St. Johns- 
bury and was engaged as clerk in the dry 
goods store of Brooks & Tyler; later re- 
turned to Groton and was employed as 
clerk for Hall & Cochran, general store, 
1 899-1904, purchasing the business in 
1904. which he has since conducted. Is a 
Republican. A Methodist, deacon of the 
church and superintendent of the Sunday 
school. Member of Minerva Lodge No. 
86. F. & A. M., of Corinth, and Mt. Leb- 
anon Chapter No. 13, Royal Arch Ma- 
sons ; Knights Templar No. 5 of St. 
Johnsbury; also past chancellor Knights 
of Pythias. 

BLISS, George Yemens, Burlington. 
Clergyman. Born Shelburne, March 12, 
1 864 ; son of George and Mary Adelaide 
(Stevens) Bliss. Educated in the public 
schools of Brandon and Santa Barbara, 
Cal., University of Vermont, and General 
Theological Seminary, New York; degree 
of D. D. conferred at centennial exercises 
of University of Vermont, 1904. In 1893 
married Katherine L. Shattuck of Bur- 
lington ; they had four children, Harriette 
Catherine, Joshua Isham, George Yemens 
(deceased), and Mary Adelaide. Rector 
of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. Burling- 
ton, since 1899- 

BLODGETT, Ernest Herbert, Wind- 
sor. Real estate. Born June 28. 1877; 
son of Andrew J. and Phila A. (Dwinell) 
Blodgett. Educated in the public schools 

of Rockingham. In 1903 married Mar- 
tha J. Cooledge of Ludlow; they have one 
son, Stanley Cooledge. Was six years 
clerk in dry goods store, then purchased 
a general store at North Hadley, Mass. ; 
postmaster. North Hadley, three years ; 
since then has bought and sold real estate 
extensively in the Connecticut River Val- 
ley. President and treasurer of the Wind- 
sor Dry Goods Co., incorporated. Elected 
village trustee March, I91I. In religious 
belief a Methodist. 

BLOSSOM, Howard Bishop, St. 
Johnsbury. Automobile dealer. Born 
Compton, P. Q., April 21, 1883; son of 
Albert G. and Abbie (Byron) Blossom. 
Educated at St. Johnsbury Grammar 
School. St. Johnsbury Academy, class of 
1 897, and Barbour's Business College, 
1 897. Was salesman for Martin L. Hull 
& Co., wholesale grocery house, Boston; 
since 1908 dealer in automomiles. Is a 
Republican. Member of the Universalist 
Church. Member of the Blue Lodge and 
Royal Arch Chapter, Order of Masons. 

BLOSSOM, William Ripley, Rutland. 
Physician. Born Pittsfield, April 18, 1859; 
son of Orvis G. and Emeline (Swan) 
Blossom. Educated at public schools, 
graduating at Kansas Medical College. In 
1878 married Josephine Crane of South 
Cedar, Kan. ; they have five children, Elsie 
C, Ethel C, Frank O., Fay E., and Wilma 
J. Followed farming in Kansas for five 
years, then decorating and painting until 
he began the practice of medicine in 1 898 ; 
has been in general practice since in Pitts- 
ford, Shrewsbury and Rutland. Is a Re- 
publican ; represented Shrewsbury in the 
Legislature 19OO. Is a Methodist; a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity. 

BOGLE, Byron Leslie, White River 
Junction. Wholesale jewelry merchant. 
Born W^est Dover, June 9, 1 863 ; son of 
Moses Johnson and Fidelia (Leonard) 
Bogle. Educated in the public schools of 
his native town, and Leland and Gray 
Seminjiry, Townshend. In 1884 married 
Flora Isadore Thyng of Stoddard, N. H. ; 
they have one son. Ernest Paul. In 1883 
entered the employ of his brother. Clar- 
ence C. Bogle, then in the wholesale jew- 
elry business in West Lebanon, N. H. ; 
in 1884 the business was moved to White 
River Junction, Mr. Bogle continuing with 


ENCYCLorEDiA ver:mont biography 


his brother as book-keeper and manager 
of the store: in ISS.Q they formed the tirm 
of Bogle Brothers, now one of the largest 
and most widely known jewelry houses in 
New England. A Republican. Member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church of 
White River Junction; steward and trus- 
tee of the church. Member of United 
Brethren Lodge. F. & A. M.. and Cascad- 
nac Chapter. R. A. M.. of White River 
Junction: Vermont Commandery, K. T.. 
of ^^■indsor: Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic 
Shrine. Montpelier: Wenona Chapter. O. 
E. S.; trustee, past grand, and past dep- 
uty grand master Myrtle Lodge, I. O. 
O. F.: past chief patriarch White River 
Encampment: member of Rebekahs ; Iro- 
quois Club of White River Junction, and 
Automobile Club of Vermont. 

BOGLE, Clarence Clinton, White 
River Junction. Wholesale jeweler. Born 
West Dover. Feb. -28, 1S52; son of Moses 
J. and Fidelia (Leonard) Bogle. Edu- 
cated in the schools of West Dover and 
Wilmington; the ^lethodist Seminary, 
Montpelier; and Powers Institute. Ber- 
nardston. Mass. In 1875 married Sarah 
Emogene Thyng of Greensboro; they had 
four children. Edith Blanche (deceased), 
Lotta Bernice. Stanley Clinton (de- 
ceased), and Barbara Louise. Was a 
public school teacher; began business life 
as a clerk in a West Dover store, and was 
for several years traveling salesman. In 
1881 began his present wholesale jewelry 
business by driving a team, carrying goods 
which he sold in retail stores. Later 
formed jjartnership with his brother, By- 
ron Leslie, and a store was opened at 
White River Junction, continuing to date. 
Trustee of Congregational Church for sev- 
eral years. 

BOLSTER. Levi J., late of Barre. 
Business man. Born Winhall, Aug. If), 
IH'AH; died at Barre, Dec. 22, iy08; son 
of Cha})in and Rebecca (French) Bolster. 
His education consisted of a few winter 
terms in the district school. His early life 
was sp«rit in Winhall; when a mere lad he 
was "hound out" to service, but when 17 
yc.'irs f)f age he had laid by ij^lOO with 
whi{-h he purcliased of his father the re- 
maining years of his minority; as a farm- 
er's helper he had worked for a time in 
Dummerston. and suhsefjuently in Brattle- 
horo. In 18^1 h«- married Calista E. 

Bolster of Barre, who survives him; they 
had no children. His first venture was 
traveling through \'ermont on foot retail- 
ing sewing silk from house to house, and 
it was in this line he laid the foundation 
of his fortune; in I860 he settled in Barre 
and entered into the wholesale end of the 
silk trade, investing his surplus earnings 
in real estate, in which his keen eye saw 
prospects of future development; retiring 
from the silk business, devoted his ener- 
gies to real estate transactions, farming, 
establishing granite plants, and dealing in 
wood and coal on a large scale; among his 
valuable holdings late in life was a 300- 
acre farm on Barre Town hill, on which 
he had expended many thousands of dol- 
lars in buildings and roads. Although a 
staunch Republican, he never aspired to 
political honors ; was a promoter and or- 
ganizer of the People's National Bank of 
Barre, and one of its directors until his 
death. A man of sterling integrity and 
rugged honesty, and, although a member 
of no religious societ}^, a generous contrib- 
utor to the support of all good work, par- 
ticularly to the Universalist Church. Mr. 
Bolster's life, from boyhood to rugged age, 
is an inspiration to those who come after 
him, and is an example of how much may 
be accomplished by close adherence to the 
rules of right living, frugality, sobriety, 
and a wholesome respect for the rights of 

BOND, George Herbert, Brattleboro. 
^lessenger to U. S. Senate. Born Dum- 
merston, Jan. 31, 1846; son of Luke Tay- 
lor and Elsey (Stoddard) Bond. Edu- 
cated in the public schools. In 1870 mar- 
ried Addie Richardson Carpenter, daugh- 
ter of George and Elisheba (Maynard) 
Carjienter of Orange, Mass. They have 
two daughters, Elizabeth Carrie (Mrs. 
Clifford J. Maynard), and Nellie Ger- 
trude (Mrs. Wilfred F. Root of Brattle- 
boro). Em])loved by Stanley Rule and 
Level Co., Brattleboro, 18*67-8; New 
Home Sewing Machine Co., Orange, Low- 
ell and Boston, Mass., 1868-70; Estey 
Organ Co., Brattleboro, 1872-86; retail 
coal business in Brattleboro, 1886-99. En- 
listed Sej)t. 20, 1862, as ])rivate in Co. I. 
l6th Regiment Vermont Volunteers; pres- 
ent in action July 1, 2 and 3, 1863, at 
CJettysburg; discharged Aug. 10, 1863. 
Private Co. H, 12tli Regiment, Vermont 
Volunteer Militia, 1 86.'")-7 ; private Co. 




I, 1st Regiment Vermont Volunteer 
Militia, serving as private, 4th ser- 
geant and 1st sergeant; captain July 
18, 1881; commissioned major 1st Regi- 
ment Vermont National Guard, Dec. 11, 
1886; lieutenant-colonel, Jan. 6, 1893; 
brevet-colonel, Nov. 28, 1891'; colonel, 
Jan. 10, 1895; brevet-brigadier, Dec. 16, 
1897; retired Dec. 18, 1897. A Republi- 
can ; appointed messenger to U. S. Senate 
March 15, 1900, continuing to date. An 
attendant of the Congregational Church. 
Member of Brattleboro Lodge No. 2, ¥. 
& A. M. ; Fort Dummer Chapter, R. A. 
M.; Connecticut Valley Council, R. & S. 
M.; Beauseant Commandery No. 7, K. T. ; 
and for seven years its captain-general. 
Member Wantastiquet Lodge No. 5, I. O. 
O. F.; past junior vice-commander Sedg- 
wick Post No. 8, G. A. R., of Brattleboro. 

BOND, John A., Burlington. Insur- 
ance. Born Guilford, Sept. 4, 1854; son 
of George W. and Mary E. (Allen) Bond. 
Educated at Leland and Gray Seminary 
and Eastman's Commercial College, 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. In 1877 married 
Martha A. Streeter of Vernon, who died 
in 1890, leaving two children, Ruth Person 
and Clara Alice, both graduates of the 
University of Vermont; in 1891 married 
Grace L. Stevens of Walden. Followed 
farming up to the age of about 28 years 
when he engaged in the sale of organs and 
pianos for seven years for Edward Clark 
of Brattleboro and for Bailey's Music 
Rooms of Burlington, then took up life in- 
surance for different companies; for 12 
3'ears lias held the Vermont state agency 
for the Mutual Benefit Life Insurance Co. 
of Newark, N. J. An attendant of the 
College Street Congregational Church. A 
member of Washington Lodge No. 3, F. & 

A. M.; Algonquin Club; Ethan Allen 
Club; Vermont Automobile Club and 
American Automobile Association. 

BONE, Herman David, Waterbury. 
Physician. Born Wells River. Mai'ch 14, 
1878; son of William and Ellen (Smith) 
Bone. Educated at Wells River High 
School, graduate of class of 1898; Univer- 
sity of Vermont 1901, wuth degree of 

B. S., and University of Vermont Medi- 
cal College 1904, with degree of M. D. 
In 1905 married Bertha May Davis of 
Wells River; they have two children, 
Charlotte Davis and Harriet Eleanor. Is 

assistant physician at the Vermont State 
Hospital for the Insane; has been con- 
tinuously on the staff since graduation. Is 
a Congregationalist. Member of Wi- 
nooski Lodge No. 49, F. & A. M., of Wa- 
terbury; in college was a member of the 
Kajipa Sigma Fraternity (academical), 
and Delta Mu Fraternity (medical). 

BOOTH. EnwARD JrusoN, Burlington. 
Born Waterloo, P. Q., July 6", 1852; son 
of John R. and Lydia (Bickford) Booth, 
Educated in the public schools of Water- 
loo, Waterloo Academy, and French school 
at Masco Mountain, P. Q. In 1874 mar- 
ried Annie E. Gould of Nashua, N. H., 
who died 1 877 ; they had one daughter, 
Florence G. (Mrs. Davidson of Wollaston, 
Mass.); in 1882 married Ina V. Tbomp- 
son of Nashua, N. H. ; they have two chil- 
dren, Marion (Mrs. Barker of Montclair, 
N. J.) and John E. Was employed for 
a time in a general store at Waterloo, 
P. Q. In 1869 enlisted in the Canadian 
militia; was called to St. Armand and did 
duty during the Fenian raid. Later em- 
ployed in the Manchester Corporation 
woolen mill, Manchester, N. H.; in the 
fall of 1869 went to Nashua, N. H., and 
was employed in the dry goods store of 
Taylor & Kilpatriek until 1870, and with 
Crawford & Anderson in the same store 
1870-76; with F. E. Kimball in the same 
line of business 1876-9; engaged in mer- 
cantile business for himself for about a 
year; in 1880 went to Burlington and en- 
tered the employ of J. R. Booth in the 
lumber business, beginning as tally boy, 
and being steadily advanced until in 1895 
he became general manager, which posi- 
tion he still holds. Served as aide-de-camp 
with rank of colonel on staff of Governor 
E. C. Smith. A Republican; alderman 
1886 to 1889 inclusive; president of the 
board 1887 and 1888; one of the organ- 
izers, director, and president of the Chit- 
tenden County Trust Co.; director Bald- 
win Refrigerator Co., the O. L. Hinds Co., 
and the Elias Lyman Coal Co. Trustee, 
steward, and treasurer of ^lethodist Epis- 
copal Churcli. Past grand of Green Moun- 
tain Lodge No. 1, I. O. O. F.; member of 
Ethan Allen Club and Algonquin Club; 
president of tlu' latter in 1911. 

BOYCE, WiLLARD Jairis, Waterbury. 
Merchant and manufacturer. Born North 
Favston, Nov. 10, lS6l; son of Hiram E. 




and Betsey F. (Eaton) Boyce. Educated 
in the public schools and Montpelier Semi- 
nary. In ISSo married Elna M. Bobbins 
of North Evans. N. Y. ; they have three 
children. Earle Albert. Edith May, and 
Harriet Edna. Lived on a farm until "21 
years of age; moved to Waterbury and 
worked as clerk 10 years for his father 
in grocery and provision store; afterwards 
partner in the business two years; in 1895 
established a furniture and undertaking 
business ; established in addition to the 
furniture business in 1P06, with V. L. 
Perkins, the Boyce-Perkins Lumber Co.. 
incorporated, manufacturing soft and hard 
wood lumber, clapboards, and creamery 
packages. Is a Republican; represented 
Waterbury in the Legislature 1908 and 
1910 : member of the appropriations and 
railroad committees 1908, and appropria- 
tions committee and chairman of general 
committee IQIO; member of special com- 
mittee to investigate the Austine fund at 
Brattleboro. and the state normal schools. 
I^ a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Member of Winooski Lodge No. 
49, F. & A. M.: Queen Esther Chapter 
No. 7. O. E. S.; Mentor Lodge No. 51, 
Alhambra Encampment No. 20, and Em- 
erald Rebekah Lodge No. 33, I. O. O. F.; 
and tlie Gentlemen's Twenty-five Club. 

BOYDEN. Charles Asa, Brattleboro. 
Banker. Born Brattleboro, March 19, 
1875; son of George A. and Alice (Chase) 
Boyden. Educated at Brattleboro High 
School. In 1901 married Ethel L. Wa- 
terman of Brattleboro; they have three 
children. Alice. George Albert, and James 
Waterman Boyden. Entered Vermont 
National Bank in ]89i; served as clerk, 
bookkeeper, and teller; organized Brattle- 
boro Trust Company in 1906; was elected 
treasurer of the company in 1907; is 
treasurer of Bratthboro & Whitehall 
Railroad Co.. of liratth^boro Board of 
Trade, and of Brattleboro Creamery 
Association. Mr. lioydtn is indejx-ndent 
in politics; a Unitarian. A member of 
Brattleboro Lodge No. 102, V. & A. M.; 
Fort Dummer Cha))ter No. 12, R. A. M.; 
Beanseant Conunandcry No. 7, K. T.; and 
Mt. .Sinai Tfiii|)lf. Mystic Shrinr. 

hOYDV.S. Nki.ho.n- Lcthkh, Ranfloli)h 
f «-nt«r. Lawyer. Born liarnard. July 
19, 18.S6; son of Luther and Hannah 
(Cioffj Boydtn. Educated in th»; jjublic 

schools, Royalton Academy, and Orange 
County Grammar School. In 1865 mar- 
ried Angina E. Carpenter of Randolph; 
thev have two children, Charles Irving, 
and Florence Louise. Read law with Hon. 
Philander Perrin of Randolph; admitted 
to Orange County Bar 1865, since prac- 
ticed law in Randolph and the various 
courts of the state; states attorney for 
Orange County 1871, 1872, 1875, and 
1876; in connection with his law business 
has engaged in farming, has been a breed- 
er of registered Jersey stock for over 40 
years, has now a herd of over 40 head. A 
Republican; town clerk of Randolph 25 
years ; for many years superintendent of 
schools, and held various other town of- 
fices; senator from Orange County 1882; 
represented Randolph in the Legislature 
1888; delegate to many conventions, etc.; 
resident commissioner of Randolph Nor- 
mal School, and president of trustees of 
Orange County Grammar School. A Con- 
gregationalist. Prominent in Masonry; 
past master Phoenix Lodge, F. & A, M.; 
past high priest R. A. M.; thrice illustri- 
ous master of Council ; worthy patron of 
Eastern Star of Randolph; member of 
Commandery, Shrine, and Scottish Rite, of 

BOYNTON, Albert Julius, Rutland. 
Hotel manager. Born Morrisville, July 
14, 1863; son of Clark Mills and Adelia 
Patience (Hall) Boynton. Educated at 
People's Academy, ]Morrisville. In 1884 
married Flora E. Fuller of Stowe; they 
have two children, Pauline Fuller and 
Robert Clark. As a youth engaged in 
23rinting business with News and Citizen, 
Morrisville ; later in hotel business with 
brother in Morrisville. When the Ameri- 
can house and Van Ness house consoli- 
dated in 1882, came to the Van Ness house, 
Burlington, as clerk, serving two years; 
clerk in Bates house, Rutland, 1884-5; 
clerk at Mt. Mansfield hotel, Stowe, a 
sununcr resort, one season; clerk Hotel 
Berwick, Rutland, 1886-91; manager Ho- 
tel Berwick 1891-3; manager Ellis Park 
Hotel, Lake Bomoseen, one season; man- 
ager Hotel Burlington, Burlington, one 
and one-half years; and in 1895 returned 
t(> management of Hotel Berwick, continu- 
ing to date. A Re))ublican; attendant of 
the Congregational Church. Member Rut- 
land Lodge No. 79, F. & A. M.; Daven- 
port Chapter, R. A. M. ; Killington Com- 




mandery, K. T.; and Cairo Temple, Mys- 
tic Shrine. 

BOYNTOX, William Seward, St. 
Johnsbury. Banker. Born St. Johnsbury, 
April 2, 1853; son of David and Harriet 
(Chamberlain) Boynton. Educated at St. 
Johnsbury Academy, class of 1873, and 
Cornell University /class of 1877. In 1881 
married Ida P. Bancroft of Chelsea, Mass. ; 
they had five children, Helen A. (Smith 
College, 1905), David B. (deceased), 
Alice H. (deceased), William H. (Wil- 
liams College, 1913), and Katharine. Mr. 
Boynton has been treasurer and trustee 
Passumpsic Savings Bank since 1877; also 
county treasurer. Member of Vermont 
National Guard; at one time 1st lieuten- 
ant, Co. B. A Republican. Vestryman 
of St. Andrew's Protestant Episcopal 
Church. Member of Passumpsic Lodge 
No. 27, F. & A. M.; Haswell Chapter No. 
11. R. A. M. ; Palestine Commandery No. 
5, K. T., in which he has held offices of 
prelate and eminent commander. 

BRACKETT, Wilford Henry, Brat- 
tleboro. Banker. Born Brattleboro. Aug. 
14, 1864'; son of Dana F. and Lucy A. 
(Taylor) Brackett. Educated in public 
schools of Brattleboro. In 1889 married 
Bertha M. Hines of Brattleboro; they 
have one son, Roger Arnold. Was clerk 
in a store 1882-4; bookkeeper and secre- 
tary Valley Mill Co. 1884-6; bookkeeper 
Peoples National Bank April 1, 1886; 
assistant cashier 1889; cashier 1893; vice- 
president and cashier, 191O, which office 
he still holds. Is a Republican; a Lni- 
versalist; a member Brattleboro Lodge No. 
102, F. & A. M., having served as junior 
warden and senior warden ; a member and 
has been president of Vermont Wheel 

BRAIXERD, Ezra, Middlebury. Edu- 
cator. Born St. Albans, Dec. 17, 1844; 
son of Lawrence Robbins and Katherine 
(Wood) Brainerd. Educated at St. Al- 
bans High School; Middlebury College, 
A. B. 1864; and Andover Theological 
Seminary 1868; degree of LL. D. from 
University of Vermont 1888, and D. D. 
Howard University 1900. In 1868 mar- 
ried Frances V. Rockwell of Middlebury, 
who died Jan. 11, 1893; they had six chil- 
dren. Elizabeth DeLong (Mrs. C. C. 
Plehn), Bertha (Mrs. C. A. Adams), 

Frances Viola (Mrs. Dudley Baird) Ezra, 
Miranda Stranahan, and Alice Beaumelle; 
Dec. 25, 1897, married Mary E. Wright 
of New Haven; they have two children. 
Dorothy Ellen and Katherine Wright; 
was tutor ^Middlebury College 1864-6; 
professor of rhetoric and English litera- 
ture Middlebury College 1868-80; pro- 
fessor of physics and applied mathematics 
1880-5; president Middlebury College 
July 1, 1885 to July 1, 19O8; in 1887 
was appointed a commissioner to revise 
school laws of Vermont. Is a Republi- 
can. Is a Congregational clergyman. 
JSIember of Chi Psi fraternity. 

BROWN, Andrew C, late of :\Iont- 
pelier. Born Sutton, July 10, 1828; 
died October 29, 1911; son of Rev. 
Elisha and Phoebe (Fletcher) Brown. 
Educated at the public schools, and 
Methodist Seminary, Newbury. In 1851 
married Lucia Almira Green of Waits- 
field; they had five children, those living 
being Ella (Brown) Bailey, Rome G. of 
Minneapolis, Minn., and Joseph G. of 
Montpelier. Learned the printer's trade 
while at school and during vacations; at 
age of 18 began teaching, and taught com- 
mon and select schools I6 terms; at 23 
engaged in printing business in Bradford, 
later becoming editor and publisher North- 
ern Enquirer; in 1854 came to Montpelier 
as foreman of Watchman and Journal ; 
business manager and editor of same 1857- 
62; in 1865 began insurance business in 
Montpelier; and in 1880 opened first tele- 
phone exchange, later selling to Bell Tele- 
phone Co. In the fall of 1862 recruited 
Co. I, 13th regiment Vermont Volunteers, 
becoming its captain; on organization of 
regiment elected lieutenant-colonel, resign- 
ing after eight months' service to accept 
office of commissioner of board of enroll- 
ment, 1st Congressional District Vermont. 
In politics Col. Brown was originally an 
Old Line Whig, later a Republican; was 
official press reporter House of Represen- 
tatives 15 consecutive years. Reared in 
the Methodist Church, he later attended 
the Unitarian Church. Past commander 
Brooks Post No. 13, G. A. R. 

BROWN. Benjamin Franklin, Fitch- 
burg, Mass. Manufacturer. Born Lowell. 
Dec. 8, 1849; son of Joseph and Katharine 
(Scott) Brown. Educated at Fitchburg. 
Mass., High School, graduated 1871; and 




Amherst College, class of 1871. In ISSO 
married Zephirine Xormandin of Black- 
stone. Mass. Tauglit school Fitchburg. 
Mass.. 187i-Sl: Athol. Mass., High 
School 1881-8; Washington County Gram- 
mar School. Montpelier. 1S88-.5: Gibson 
School. Boston. ^lass.. 18S.")-J)0. Since 
18.00 engaged in the mainifacture of "the 
Brown bag rilling machine"; business in- 
corporated in 18i)'2. with Mr. Brown as 
president and manager ; machines known 
tliroughout tlie world for putting up seeds 
and other materials in flat paper packets; 
rirst rendered possible the great volume of 
the Congressional free seed distribution by 
the L nited States department of Agricul- 
ture. Member of Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, past officer of lodge and en- 
campment ; past officer in Knights of 
Pythias; member of Fay Club; holds col- 
lege record in six-oared shell since 1872. 

BROWN. Elisha W..Waterford. Farm- 
er. Born Waterford. May 22, 1852; son 
of Bradley D. and Mary M. (Ross) 
Brown. Educated in the public schools, 
Caledonia County Grammar School, and 
St. .Tolnisbury Academy. In 1880 married 
Ella H. Blodgett of Glover, who died Jan. 
11. 188-2; on June 30. 1882, married Elisa 
C. Kinne of Waterford; they have two 
sons. Harrie K. and Dwight B. Mr. 
Brown has always engaged in farming in 
Waterford. Is a Republican ; has been 
town clerk and treasurer for 13 years; 
justice of the peace for many years; se- 
lectman, school director, auditor, and col- 
lector of taxes; represented Waterford in 
the Legislature 1890; elected assistant 
judge of county court IQIO. Member of 
the Congregational Church; has been dea- 
con, chrk. and treasurer of the church. 
Member of Moose River Lodge Xo. 82, 
I-. & A. M.. of Concord; and Caledonia 
Lrnlg. \„. f). I. (). O. F. 

BROWN. l-KKiJKHi( K Clahk, Pownal. 
Lumb* r manufacturer. Born North Ad- 
ams. .Mass.. Aj)ril 8, 1870; son of Martin 
V. and Lura (Titus) Brown. Educated 
ill tin- public schools of Pownal. and the 
Troy. N. v.. Business College. In 1 90 1- 
riiarrird Susie .M. Leonard of Shoreham, 
who di.d in 1908; they had three children, 
I.ioriard M.. Frfdcriek ('.. Jr.. and Henry 
K. Was prinripal of the eominereial d<- 
partm«nt Put nam Jiusin«ss College, Put- 
nam. Conn.. 1890-1901; traveling sales- 

man American Harrow Co., Detroit, Mich., 
1901-3; in general lumber business in 
Pownal since 1903. Is a Democrat; town 
auditor since 1904, and chairman of the 
board ; lister two years ; chairman of board 
of license commissioners four years; mod- 
erator town meetings for many years ; rep- 
resented Pownal in the Legislature 1906, 
serving as member of committee on elec- 
tions. Esteemed leading knight of Ben- 
nington Lodge of Elks, No. 567 ; member 
of Manchester Unity Lodge, I. O. O. F., 
of Pownal. 

BROWN, Henry F., Lyndonville. 
Freight agent. Born Barton Landing, Feb. 
28, 1882; son of John Henry and Vie 
(Hastings) Brown. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools, and St. Johnsbury Academy, 
graduate of class of 1900. In 1903 mar- 
ried Bessie G. Wallace of Lyndonville; 
they have one son, H. W^allace. In 1900 
became assistant in the freight office at 
Lyndonville; in 1903 promoted to freight 
agent. Is a Republican; is village audi- 
tor ; has been village clerk four years. In 
religious belief a Congregationalist. Past 
master of work Olympia Lodge No. 19, 
K. P.; member of the Red Men; Sons of 
Veterans ; Modern Woodmen of America ; 
and Junior Order of United American 

BROWN, Henry Thomas, Ludlow. 
Merchant. Born Plymouth, July 14, 1868; 
son of James Smith and Polly Maria 
(Taylor) Brown. Educated in the public 
schools and Black River Academy. In 
1 890 married Anna May Gould of Lud- 
low ; they have one daughter, Rae Mar- 
guerite. In 1893 in company with Frank 
Howard purchased the hardware business 
of W. D. Ball at Ludlow, Avhich they con- 
ducted under the firm name of Howard & 
Brown; in 1905 purchased Mr. Howard's 
interest; has dealt considerably in real 
estate, especially pulp and timber lands. 
A Rejiublican; re))resented laidlow in the 
Legislature 1908; has been trustee and 
water commissioner of village of Ludlow, 
and held other town and village offices. 
Trustee and treasurer of the Universalist 
Church. Past noble grand of Altimont 
Lodge No. 30, I. O. O. F. ; member of 
S. (j. Putnam Eneam))ment No. 8, I. O. 

0. F.; Mizi)ah Rebekah Lodge No. 29, 

1. O. O. F. ; past master of Black River 
Lodge No. 85, F. & A. .M.; at ))resent king 


:\iEN OF ver:\iont 


of Okemo Chapter No. 28, R. A. M.; 
member Vermont Commander}^ No. 4<, K. 
T.; the Mystic Shrine; the Literary Club; 
Board of Trade; Vermont Historical So- 
ciety; and Vermont Fish and Game Club. 

BROWN, Joseph Clement, Fitchburg, 
Mass. Manufacturer. Born South Troy, 
Jan. i, 1845; son of Joseph and Kather- 
ine (Scott) Brown. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools and Newbury Seminary. In 
1871 married Percy P., daughter of 
Jason W. and Laura A. (Putnam) Town, 
of South Woodbury; they have one son, 
Joseph Robert, employee of the Brown 
Bag Filling Machine Co., taking charge 
for the past five years of contracts with 
the U. S. Department of Agriculture, in 
which the company has been the contract- 
ing parties. The death of his mother in 
1856 resulted in the breaking up of the 
family, and the subject of this sketch 
went to South Woodbury to live with an 
uncle, Hon. Asaph Town; in I860 was 
apprenticed as a carriage manufacturer, 
following this business for 20 years; in 
1880 moved to Burlington, taking position 
as traveling salesman; in 1884 began the 
study of an automatic machine for putting 
seeds and powders in flat packets, re- 
ceiving his first patents thereon a year 
later; moved to Boston, Mass., 1886, tak- 
ing positions as traveling salesman with 
C. H. Codman & Co.; in 1887, his 
brother, Benjamin F. Brown, was taken 
as a partner in the automatic machine 
business, improvements and perfections 
were made, new and important patents 
were secured, with the result that his in- 
vention stands today unrivalled in the 
history of automatic machinery of its 
kind, it having been adopted by the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture, and the lead- 
ing seedsmen of the United States, Eng- 
land, Germany, Australia, and the Do- 
minion of Canada. In 1895 suffered loss 
of right arm; 1896 broke left arm; 1905 
was in a railroad wreck on the Maine 
Central railroad, from effects of which 
was confined at home six months. In 
19O8 resigned position as traveling sales- 
man, going to Washington to assist in a 
contract with the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture; in 1909 moved to Fitchburg. 
the home office and factory of the Brown 
Bag Filling Machine Co., taking position 
as assistant superintendent. INIember of 

First Universalist Church of Fitchburg, 
Mass. Member of Green Mountain 
Lodge No. 68, F. & A. M., of Cabot; 
St. Paul's Royal Arch Chajjter and 
Boston Commandery, Boston, Mass. 

BROWN, Joseph Green, Montpclier. 
Postmaster. Born Montpelier, Nov. 21, 
1866; son of Andrew C. and Lucia A. 
(Green) Brown. Educated at Washing- 
ton County Grammar School. In 1889 
married Helen R. AVoolson, of Montpelier; 
they have two children, Ruth Lydia and 
Chandler Woolson. After leaving school 
entered his father's office and has suc- 
ceeded him in the insurance business, hav- 
ing had full ownership and control of it 
since 1889; is also president of the Ryle 
& McCormick Co., manufacturers of gran- 
ite, Montpelier, and is treasurer of the 
U. S. Clothespin Co., Montpelier. Is a 
Republican; trustee of the village of Mont- 
pelier one year; lister 1892-4; elected 
maj'or of the city 1900, and re-elected 
1901. Served on the staff of Governor 
E. C. Smith 1898-1900 with the rank of 
colonel. Was appointed postmaster in 
1906, and reappointed 191O. Is a Uni- 
tarian. Member of Aurora Lodge No. 
22, F. & A. M. ; Vermont Lodge I. O. 
O. F.; past exalted ruler B. P. O. E.; 
president of the Apollo Club ; for seven 
years secretary of the board of trade ; 
and ex-president of Montpelier Country 

BROWN, Nathaniel King, Burling- 
ton. Banker and real estate broker. Born 
Tunbridge, April 17, 1834; son of Jere- 
miah and Nancy Folsom (King) Brown. 
Educated in the public schools. In 1856 
married Susan Oilman Moody of Water- 
bury, who died in December, 1893; thev 
had five children, three now living, Ella 
Gertrude, Julia Frances, and Bessie Belle. 
Was in the drug business in Wisconsin 
1856-7; commercial traveler 1858-60; 
postmaster in Waterbury 1861-4; in the 
drug business Montpelier 1864-70. when 
he removed to Burlington and conducted 
a wholesale proprietary medicine business ; 
manufactured N. K. Brown's essence Ja- 
maica ginger. Browns teething cordial. 
Brown's bronchials. etc.. each having a 
national reputation ; was engaged in the 
business for more tlian 35 years. At pres- 
ent is trustee and treasurer of the Home 
Savings Bank, Burlington, wliich position 




he has held for the p;ist 14 years; also 
in the real estate and collection business. 
Is a Republican; was a member of board 
of street commissioners, Burlington. 14 
years, and alderman four years. Member 
of the First Congregational Church, Bur- 
lington, il years, deacon for over 20 
years ; member of executive committee of 
State Sunday School and Young Men's 
Christian Associations for several years. 
Past master of Aurora Lodge Xo. 2'2, F. 
& A. M.; member of Washington Lodge 
Xo. 3. Burlington, over 40 years ; chapter 
member for 40 years. 

BROWX', Rome G., Minneapolis, 
Minn. Lawyer. Born Montpelier, June 
15, 18(52; son of Andrew Chandler and 
Lucia A. (Green) Brown; direct descend- 
ant of Anthony Stoddard (maternal side), 
and Chad Brown (paternal side) who 
emigrated to Boston from England about 
l6S0. Educated at Montpelier High 
School ; graduated from Harvard L ni- 
versity with degree A. B. magna cum 
laude. Member Phi Beta Kappa, Har- 
vard Chapter. In 1888 married Mary 
Lee Hollister of Marshfield, daughter of 
Samuel D. and Flora (Coburn) Hollister; 
they have two children, Edwin Chandler 
and Dorothy H. Admitted to Vermont 
Bar 1887; went to Minneapolis 1887; 
vice-president, director, and attorney 
Minneapolis Tribune Co.; director and at- 
torney St. Anthony Falls Water Power 
Co.. Minneapolis Mill Co., Crookston 
^^'ater Works. Power & Light Co., and 
other corj^orations; law partner of Col. 
R. C. Benton, formerly of St. Albans, 
1887-.9.'5; senior member of firm of Brown 
& Albert, and Brown, Albert & Guesmer, 
lfK>0-ll, now Brown & Guesmer; en- 
gaged in general practice with special at- 
tention to the law of water rights, 
casualty liability, insurance, and corpora- 
tions. Lecturer on water rights in law 
.schools of University of Minnesota, and 
University of X'orth Dakota. His writ- 
ings on the follriwing subjects have been 
published: "Right to Take Water from 
Lakes and Streams for Public Water 
Supply" riH.Ofi); "Law of Pollution of" (]U()S); "The Three Year Col- 
lege Course for the A. B. Degree" 
(1907); "Boundary Points and Lines on 
Lakes and Streams" (ifjOS); Synopsis 
Lectures. "Law of Waters" n.OlO); 
"Argum«-nt in f)ppositit)ri tn Rrc.iH of 

Judges" (1911); "Limitations of Federal 
Control of Water Powers" (1911)- Mem- 
ber of American Bar xAssociation, (execu- 
tive committee 1906-9) ; National Con- 
ference Commissioners, Uniform State 
Laws; Minnesota State Board of Com- 
missioners. Uniform State Laws (chair- 
man) ; ^linnesota State Bar Association 
(president 1906-7) ; Minnesota Harvard 
Club (president 19O8-IO); Vermont As- 
sociation of Minnesota (president 1905) ; 
Associated Harvard Clubs of U. S. 
(president 1906-7); and Loyal Legion. 
A Republican ; a Unitarian. Social clubs : 
Minneapolis Club; Minikahda Club 
(^Minneapolis) ; Harvard Club of X^ew 
York City; American Universities Club of 
London (foundation member). Office 
1006 Metropolitan Life Building; resi- 
dence, 191 8 Queen Ave., South Minne- 
apolis. iSIinn. 

BROW^X, RuFus E., Burlington. Law- 
yer. Born Dickinson, X. Y., Dec. 3, 1854; 
son of John T. and Margaret A. (Dillen- 
beck) Brown. Educated at Lawrenceville 
and Amsterdam Academies. In 1908 mar- 
ried Elizabeth !M. Brownell of Cambridge. 
Taught school and worked on farm until 
23 years of age ; studied law with Wales 
& Taft, Burlington ; admitted to Vermont 
Bar 1881; began practice in Burlington 
April, I89I, continuing to date; president 
Vermont Bar Association I9II. A Re- 
joublican ; states attorney Chittenden Coun- 
ty Dec. 1, 1894, to Dec. 1, 1900; senator 
from Chittenden County 19OO; chairman 
of committee on claims, and member of 
joint committee on state and court ex- 
penses, and committees on judiciary and 
banks. In religious preference a Metho- 

BROWX, Thomas Stephen, Burling- 
ton. Physician, educator. Born Deer- 
field, X. H., May 30, 1878; son of Joseph 
True and Mary Elizabeth (Batchelder) 
Brown. Educated at Kimball Union Acad- 
emy, Meriden, X. H. ; Dartmouth College; 
and University of Vermont, degree of M. 
D. 1904. In 1903 married Jessie Lerna 
Baldwin of Shoreham ; they have two chil- 
dren, Mary Elizabeth and Madison Bald- 
win. Taught anatomy, University of Ver- 
mont, December, 1904, to May, 1905; 
practiced medicine. Mount Holly, May, 
1905, to July, 1907; instructor in anato- 
my, University of Vermont, Xovember, 




1907, to June, 1911 ; instructor in histol- 
ogy November, 1909, to June, 1911; 
Thayer professor of anatomy since June, 
1911- A Republican. A Congregational- 
ist; deacon of First Church, Burlington, 
and assistant superintendent of the Sun- 
day school. Member of Vermont State 
Medical Societ}^; Burlington and Chitten- 
den County Clinical Society, secretary and 
treasurer 1 908-10; Delta Mu medical fra- 
ternity; Society of Colonial Wars; U. S. 
Geographic Society; and Green Mountain 

BROWNE, Thomas H., Rutland. Law- 
yer. Born Rutland, May 26, 1859; son 
of Henry and Hannah (McCarthy) 
Browne. Educated in the public schools 
of Rutland; studied law with Hon. B. B. 
Smalley, Burlington, and Hon. P. M. Mel- 
don, Rutland. Admitted to Vermont Bar 
1899; has since practiced law in Rutland. 
A Democrat; alderman 1893-6; mayor 
1896-7; alderman 1897-8; Chinese inspec- 
tor. Treasury- Department, under Presi- 
dents Cleveland and McKinley; member 
Democratic state committee four years ; 
member Democratic national committee 
since 19O8; was member of executive com- 
mittee in charge of the national campaign 

1908, and chairman of speakers' bureau; 
New England member of sub-committee 
of arrangements for national convention 
held at Baltimore, Md., 1912. Member 
Roman Catholic Church, and the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks No. 3^5, of 

BROWNELL, Chauncey Wells, Bur- 
lington. Lawyer. Born Williston, Oct. 
7, 1817; son of Chauncey Wells and Laura 
(Higbee) Brownell. Educated at Willis- 
ton and Alburg Springs academies ; gradu- 
ated from University of Vermont 1870; 
received the degree A. M. 1873; and Al- 
bany Law School, graduating with degree 
LL." B. In 1875 married Elva M. Brig- 
ham of Westford ; they have four chil- 
dren, Carl Brjgham, Elva Mabel, Chaun- 
cey Sherman, and Henry Chase Brownell. 
Admitted to Vermont Bar 1872, and since 
1873 has practiced law in Burlington; in- 
terested in agriculture and fruit growing; 
director and clerk Burlington Traction Co., 
and ^Military Post Street Railway Co.; 
trustee and vice-president Home Savings 
Bank; director Burlington Building and 
Loan Association, being one of the original 

incorporators; promoter, and president 
Burlington jMutual Fire Insurance Co. 
since its organization in 1907; member 
Vergennes Power Co., developed to fur- 
nish electrical power to operate street rail- 
ways in and about Burlington. A Repub- 
lican; assistant secretary of Senate 1874- 
80; secretarj' of Senate 1880-90; secretary 
of state 1890-98; insurance commissioner 
eight years ; member Burlington board of 
aldermen 1900-3; for four years city 
grand juror and prosecuting attorney; 
states attorney for Chittenden County 
1884-6; senator from Chittenden County 
1902, being unanimously chosen president 
pro tempore. Member of Sons of Ameri- 
can Revolution. 

BROWNSCOMBE, Fred J., Montpel- 
ier. Educator. Born Guelph, Ont., June 
16, 1868; son of John Randall and Eliza- 
beth (Honor) Brownscombe; on father's 
side, genealogy recorded to about 1500 
A. D. Since time of Queen Elizabeth has 
always been an offiger in either army or 
navy (British) of this family. Jennie 
Brownscombe (see Who's Who in Amer- 
ica), well known painter. On mother's 
side. Honor, family records to about 1450; 
family French Protestants, came to Ire- 
land in time of Cromwell, settled in 
Queens County, Ireland. Graduated from 
Petrolia (Can.) High School at the age 
of 15, and later from Teachers' Training 
School, Sarnia, and Normal School, Ot- 
tawa; received his B. A. degree from 
Ohio, and spent a year in graduate study 
at Columbia. Was princijDal of schools 
in Ontario, Can., six years; superintend- 
ent in Aspen, Colo., for nine years, and 
superintendent of the Montpelier schools 
for the past seven years. Has traveled 
extensively in Canada, Europe, xVfrica. 
Mexico, and the West Indies ; his hunting 
and prospecting trips in the Rocky Moun- 
tains have furnished the material for ad- 
dresses and stories ; has been active in lit- 
erary work; is well known as a writer for 
educational magazines, and is the author 
of several educational books ; has written 
many plays, musical comedies and oper- 
ettas for the high school, and composed 
some 25 or 30 school, class and patriotic 
songs ; is a contributor of verse and story 
to various magazines under a nom de 
plume. Outside business, is chiefly inter- 
ested in boys; has carried on settlement 
work in New York and conducted bovs' 




clubs in various places; in Montpelier had 
"the Bovs of Vermont' and other boys' 
clubs, the boy choir of Bethany Church, 
Y. M. C. A. camping trips for boys, and 
the widely known bugle, iife and drum 
corps of the Montpelier schools. Is an 
independent Republican. A Presbyterian, 
interested in various church activities. A 
Mason, member of the Knights Templar 
and Slirine; Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows; Knights of Pythias; Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks; Country 
Club. Apollo Club, and The Club (liter- 
ary) of Montpelier. Has been president 
of various educational associations ; sec- 
retary for two years of ^"ermont State 
Teachers' Association ; over twenty years 
member of National Educational Associa- 
tion; member New England Association 
of School Superintendents, the Play 
Ground Association of America, and other 
educational bodies. 

BLXK. SoLox A.. Wheelock. Creamery 
proprietor. Born Fairfax, Dec. 28, 1859; 
son of 'William and Charlotte (Kittell) 
Buck. Educated in the public schools, 
New Hampton Institute, Randolph State 
Normal School, and took a dairy course at 
University of Vermont, where he learned 
butter making. In 190.5 married Kather- 
ine E. Kendall of Sheffield. After gradu- 
ating from the normal school taught in the 
viHage school and the State Industrial 
School. Vergennes; 1886-8 principal South 
Royalton Academy; in 1889 went to Chi- 
cago, where he was employed five years 
in mercantile business; returned East and 
engaged in butter making, first for H. P. 
Hood & Son. Boston; in 190O came to 
Sfiffficld ; was manager of Sheffield Co- 
operative Creamerv for nine years; in 
1909 removed to Wheelock, purchased the 
Pine Hill Farm, and built a creamery, 
which he has since conducted. Is a Re- 
publican. In religious belief an Episco- 
])alian. Member of the Grange, Junior 
Order of Mfchanics, and Daughters of 

IU( KflAM. Mntthkw Hkxhv, Bur- 
lington. Pnsid.iit University of Vermont 
1H71-1910. Born at Hinckley, Leicester- 
shire. England. July 4. 18.S2;"son of Rev. 
.lames and .\Lirgaret CBarmby) Buckliam; 
died at Burlington Nov. 29, ]91(). His 
preparatory studies were directed bv his 

father, an accurate classic scholar; gradu- 
ated from the L'niversity of Vermont, 
A. B., 1851, at age of nineteen, receiving 
highest honors of his class ; was or- 
dained a clergyman of the Congregational 
Church; received the degree of D. D. 
from both Dartmouth and Hamilton Col- 
leges in 1877, and LL. D. from Middle- 
bury College 1910, Dartmouth and Wes- 
leyan having given him the same degree 
in 1909. In 1857 married Elizabeth 
^Vright of Shoreham; they had four chil- 
dren. James, a journalist (deceased) ; 
John Wright, clergyman ; Robert Barm- 
by, lawyer, and Charles Wyman, archi- 
tect. A daughter, ]\Iary (Mrs. William 
Marsh), resides in Boston. For his sec- 
ond Avife, he married in 1897 Martha G. 
Tyler, daughter of Josiah Tyler, D. D., 
of St. Johnsbury; they had one daughter, 
Laura Tyler. Served two years as prin- 
cipal of Lenox (Mass.) Academy; was 
tutor in languages one year at University 
of Vermont ; studied and traveled in Eng- 
land and Germany 1854-6; on his return 
was made professor in Greek, a position 
he retained until advanced to the presi- 
dency in 1871, acting also as professor of 
rhetoric and English literature 1856-7 and 
1863-71, when he assumed the chair of 
political and social science. He served as 
town superintendent of education; city 
school commissioner 1869-80; member 
State Board of Education 1 867-74 ; mem- 
ber board of examiners U. S. Military 
Academy, West Point, 1876; president 
board of directors Mary Fletcher Hospital 
from the beginning of that institution; 
president . board of trustees Fletcher Li- 
brary from its opening in 1875 to the 
time of his death; president Association 
of American Agricultural Colleges and 
Experiment Stations 1905-6; vice-presi- 
dent National Association of State Uni- 
versities 1909-10. Was well known as a 
speaker on religious, social, and educa- 
tional themes. At the annual meeting of 
the National Association of State Univer- 
sities in 1.911, the committee on resolu- 
tions reported as follows: "Dr. Buckham 
brought to the discharge of his duties a 
seliolarshi]) broad and deep and accurate, 
and an executive and administrative ca- 
j).'icity of a high order. His })ure, elegant 
English, his easy and ready elocution, the 
breadth of his concejjtions, and the lucid- 
ity of their expression could not fail to 
arr<'st the attention of even a casual read- 




er or listener. His admirable sense of 
proportion and the orderly arrangement 
of his argument, with his wealth of meta- 
phor and illustration, made his addresses 
a constant inspiration and delight." 
Among his published essays are: "The 
Art of Living Together," "Not to De- 
stroy, but to Fulfill," "The Real Bible," 
"The Economic Situation," "The Ver}"- 
Elect," "Reserve in Matters of Religion," 
"Dead Languages, Forsooth," "The 
"Preacher's Opportunity as Seen by the 
College President," "On Mighty Pens," 
"The Love of Difficulty," "The Rustic 
Speech of the English-Speaking People," 
"The Schoolmaster's Self Estimate," 
"Concio ad Alumnos," "The Cultivation of 
the Memory," "The Cultivation of the 
Imagination," "Moral Conditions of Intel- 
lectual Attainment," and "Scholarly Ac- 
complishments in Everyday Life." 

BUCKLEY, William H., Burlington. 
Plumber and steam fitter. Born Charles- 
town, Mass., Dec. 15, 1858; son of John 
T. and Mary S. (Warner) Buckley. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of Boston, 
Mass. In 1888 married Ida E. Bullock 
of Burlington; they have seven children, 
Ruth Mary, Arthur Harold, Hazel War- 
ner, William H. Jr., Harold Clifton, 
Dorothy Elizabeth, and Robert Edward. 
Served his apprenticeship in the shop of 
his father who for 40 years conducted a 
j^lumbing shop in Boston. In 1887 moved 
to Burlington, and was in the employ of 
T. A. Wheelock five vears ; in 1 892 formed 
partnershii? with W. S. Bullock under 
firm name of W. H. Buckley & Co., con- 
tinuing until 1903, since which has con- 
tinued business alone under same firm 
name. Mr. Buckley has equipped many 
of the leading public and private build- 
ings of his city and state, including The 
Richardson, Burlington; Fort Ethan Al- 
len, heating and plumbing; the pumping 
plant at Fort Ethan Allen; Burlington 
High School; Morrill Hall, University of 
Vermont, and others. A Republican. 
Member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. 
Member of Masonic Fraternit_v; Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows ; New Eng- 
land Order of Protection; Green Moun- 
tain Encampment and the Maccabees. 

BUGBEE, Coy McMillan, Waterbury. 
Dental surgeon. Born Pomfret, Sept. 19, 
1875; son of Justin and Abbie McMillan 

(Dana) Bugbee. Graduated from Penn- 
sylvania College of Dental Surgery, Phila- 
delphia, Pa., 1900. In 1901 married Nel- 
lie E. Munn of Stowe; they have two chil- 
dren, Justin Coy and Eileen x\bbie. Has 
practiced dental surgery since 1900; has 
license to practice in New Hampshire and 
Vermont. A member of Winooski Lodge 
No. 49, F. & A. M.; has been secretary 
and warden Mt. Mansfield Lodge No. 4:36, 
New England Order of Protection; vener- 
able consul Iroquois Camp No. 13435, 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

BUGBEE, Locke Harwood, Putney. 
Physician. Born Pomfret, Jan. 11, 1874; 
son of Justin and Abbie (Dana) Bugbee. 
Educated at Pomfret public school, and 
graduated from Dartmouth Medical Col- 
lege, class of 1902. In I906 married 
Maud Gertrude Wright of Hartford. 
Practiced medicine in Meriden, N. H., 
1902-5; Quechee 1905-7; and at Putney 
since 1907. A Republican; overseer of 
the poor, and health officer of Putney 
since 1909- Worshipful master of Golden 
Rule Lodge, F. & A. M.; member of Put- 
ney Grange, and Junior Order United 
American Mechanics. 

BULLARD, Bertraxd E., Hardwick. 
Lawyer. Born Eden, March I6, I860; 
son of Edwin and Olive (Harrington) 
Bullard. Educated at Johnson State Nor- 
mal School. In 1890 married Ida Patch 
of Johnson; they have one son, Cabot L. 
Was clerk in general store 1880-3; book- 
keeper in straw hat factory, Milford. 
]\Iass., three years ; studied law with V. A. 
Bullard; admitted to the Vermont Bar 
1889; practiced one year at North Hyde 
Park; has since been in practice at Hard- 
wick. Is a Democrat; member of state 
committee for Caledonia County for sev- 
eral years. A member of no church; lib- 
eral in his religious views. Past master 
of Caspian Lake Lodge No. 87, F. & A. M. 
of Hardwick; member of Hiram Chapter 
No. 29, R. A. M.; Lamoille Commanderv 
No. 13, K. T.; Mystic Shrine; Odd Fel- 
lows; Knights of Pythias; and Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

BULLARD, Vernon A., Burlington. 
Lawyer. Born Hyde Park, Oct. 14, 1858; 
son of Edwin and Olive (Harrington) 
Bullard. Educated in the public schools 
of Hyde Park, and Vermont Normal 




School at Johnson, class of ISSO. In 1SS5 
married Fluella R. Stowe of Morrisville, 
who died in lSp4; they had two children. 
Haven Stowe and Augusta Ruth; in 1896 
married Annibell Stowe, a sister of his 
lirst wife. From 1878 to 1884 taught 
schools in various parts of Vermont. ^0 
terms in all. meanwhile pursuing a course 
of study in the law department in the 
University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, 
graduating in 1884. Began the active 
practice of law in Underhill, continuing 
10 years, when he removed to Burlington, 
wliere he has since resided and practiced 
his profession. A Democrat; represented 
Underhill in the Legislature 1890, and the 
city of Burlington 1904: special inspector 
of U. S. treasury department for the dis- 
trict of Vermont 189'2-6; Democratic can- 
didate for states attorney and member of 
Congress several times; member of school 
board of Burlington since 1904, and chair- 
man since 1909; chairman county com- 
mittee and delegate at large to Democratic 
national convention 1904. A Congrega- 
tionalist; member of Masonic fraternity; 
Modern Woodmen of America; Knights of 
Pvthias; and the Bar Association of his 
county and state. 

BURDITT. Dax D.. Pittsford. Farm- 
tr. Born Pittsford. Nov. 15, 1850; son of 
Franklin and Susan Elmira (Dike) Bur- 
ditt. Educated in the public schools of 
Rutland and Castleton. In 1877 married 
Minnie E. Mason of Swanton, who died 
1898; thev had five children, Susan M., 
Carrie M.. Harold M., Minnie M., and 
Dan D., Jr. In 1901 married Mary E. 
Smith of Swanton; they have one daugh- 
ter. Frances S. At the age of 20 was 
engaged in the grist mill of John Stevens 
at Pittsford; a year later in company with 
his father succeeded to the business, and 
five years later, upon the death of his 
father, purchased the mill, also his father's 
real estate; about two years later sold the 
mill and turned his attention to farming. 
In 1891 a large wholesale and retail grain 
business was established in Rutland imder 
firm name of Burditt Bros. Is director 
and vice-president Brandon National 
Bank ; trustee and vice-president of Proc- 
tor Trust Co. A Republican; represented 
Pittsford in the Legislature 1900; senator 
from Rutland County 1904; school direc- 
tor two years; sehctman two years; lister 
three years; town agent 20 years; justice 

of the peace 18 years; moderator nine 
years ; trustee and one of executive com- 
mittee of the Vermont Sanatorium at Pitts- 
ford ; president of the Rutland Agricul- 
tural Society and State Fair Association 
two years; trustee of the Vermont State 
Hospital at Waterbury since 1904. A 

BURGESS, Frederick E., Burlington. 
Banker and lumber manufacturer. Born 
Hoosick, N. Y., Dec. 19, 1863; son of 
Xaira Burgess. In 1885 married Agnes 
A. Huling of North Bennington; they 
have two children, Helen Madeline and 
Frederick Vaughn. Teller First National 
Bank, North Bennington; teller Merchants 
National Bank, Burlington; assistant cash- 
ier, cashier, vice-president and now presi- 
dent Howard National Bank, Burlington; 
is president Horatio Hickok Co., lumber 
manufacturers ; director Baldwin Refrig- 
erator Co., and Welch Bros. Maple Co. 
Is a Republican; formerly secretary state 
committee. Is a LTnitarian. Member of 
Washington Lodge No. 3, F. & A. M.; 
Ethan Allen Club; Algonquin Club, and 
Lake Champlain Yacht Club. 

BURLESON, George W., East Fair- 
field. Lawyer. Born West Berkshire, 
March 23, 1845; son of Caleb N. and 
Amanda (Bowdish) Burleson. Educated 
at Franklin Academy, and St. Mary's Col- 
lege; studied law with Fitch & Newton, 
Highgate. In 1865 married Irene E. 
Spaulding of Franklin; they have three 
children, Emma I. Hill, Eugene H., and 
George S. Admitted to Vermont Bar 
of Countj^ and Supreme Courts 1867; Uni- 
ted States Circuit and District Courts 
1877; member of the firm of Ballard & 
Burleson for 20 years. Enlisted in 1st 
Regiment, Vermont Volunteer Infantry, 
May 8, 1861; served three months' en- 
listment; re-enlisted Oct. 15, 1861, in the 
6th Vermont Volunteer Infantry; mus- 
tered into service the same day, and 
served continuously until the close of the 
war of the Rebellion ; was at different 
times private, sergeant, quartermaster 
sergeant, 1st lieutenant, and captain; was 
wounded three times during the war. This 
regiment was a part of the second brig- 
ade of the second division of the well- 
known 6th corps of the army of the Po- 
tomac. Is a Democrat. Was states at- 
torney P'ranklin County 1864; deputy col- 




lector and inspector U. S. customs in 
charge of subport of St. Albans from 
March 1, 1886, to January 1, 1903; then 
appointed special deputy in the office of 
the collector for the district of Vermont 
at Burlington ; now holding that position. 
In religious belief an Episcopalian. A 
member of the G. A. R. ; the Loyal Le- 
gion; past master Eagle Lodge No. 67, 
F. & A. M., of East Fairfield; past high 
priest Champlain Chapter No. 1, R. A. M., 
of St. Albans ; past thrice illustrious mas- 
ter Columbus Council No. 1, R. & S. M., 
of St. Albans; and is a 32nd degree Scot- 
tish Rite Mason. 

BURNHAM, Elmoxd Arthur, Bos- 
ton. Mass. Physician and surgeon. Born 
Putney. June 25, I860; son of Henry 
James and Ruth Rumina (Farnsworth) 
Burnham. Graduated from Goddard 
Seminary 1885; Tufts College, A. B., 
1889, and Harvard Medical School, M. 
D., 1894; house officer Massachusetts 
General Hospital in Boston 1893-4', and 
post-graduate work in surgery at Harvard 
^ledical School. In 1900 married Char- 
lotte B. McAllister of Milltown, N. B. 
Practiced in Boston since 1894; regis- 
tered in Massachusetts, Maine and state 
of Washington; visiting physician at 
Boston Dispensary since 1901, with 
special attention to department of dis- 
eases of the lungs, nose and throat; in- 
structor in department of clinical medi- 
cine at Tufts College Medical School 
since 1905; member Massachusetts Medi- 
cal Society and American Medical As- 
sociation. A Republican, and a Universa- 
list. Member of St. John's Lodge, F. & 
A. M., of Boston, Zeta Psi Fraternity, 
secretary of Vermont Association of Bos- 
ton, and member of Green Mountain 
Club of Vermont. Address, 144 Hunting- 
ton Ave., Boston, Mass. 

BURNS. Thomas F., Middlebury. Su- 
perintendent marble mill. Born Montreal, 
P. Q., Feb. 28, 1863; son of Bernard J. 
and Katherine (Flannagan) Burns. Edu- 
cated at public schools of Rutland. In 
1887 married Katherine McCormick of 
West Rutland ; they had five children, Ber- 
nard J.. Edward D. (deceased), Mary 
Irene. Rose Genevive. and Daniel. At 
an early age apprenticed to the trade of 
cutting and grading marble; later entered 
the employ of the Brandon Italian Marble 

Co.; superintendent of the mill and yards 
of the Brandon company since 1885, with 
the exception of two years 1898-90, when 
the mills were burned and rebuilt. A 
Republican; town grand juror seven years 
in Brandon; selectman in Middlebury since 
1902; justice of the peace and chairman 
of the board of trustees, village of Mid- 
dlebury. Member of St. Mary's Roman 
Catholic Church. Grand knight in the 
local council Knights of Columbus. 

BURTON, Oscar Augustus, Albert 
Lea, ]Minn. Physician and banker. Born 
St. Albans Bay, April 10, 1870; son of 
Carlos Carlton and Lemira Sophia 
(Barstow) Burton. Educated at St. Al- 
bans and Albert Lea, Minn.; Coe College, 
Cedar Rapids, la.; Carleton College, 
Northfield, Minn.; College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, Columbia University, New 
York; Rush Medical College, Chicago 
University, Chicago, 1898; St. Luke's Hos- 
pital, Chicago, 1898-1900; Vienna, Aus- 
tria. 1903. In 1904 married Alice Emilia 
Hibbs of x\lbert Lea, ^linn. ; they had 
four children, Alice Barstow, Frances 
Heston, Elizabeth Hibbs (deceased), and 
Annah Lemira. Practiced medicine at 
Albert Lea, Minn., 19OO-8; chairman of 
board of health meanwhile; U. S. pension 
examiner; secretary- Freeborn County 
Medical Society several years ; local sur- 
geon Illinois Central Railway; examiner 
for insurance companies ; not engaged in 
active practice since 1908; interested in 
investments in Manatee County, Fla. ; 
vice-president Citizens Bank of Sarasota, 
Fla. A Republican. Presbyterian elder. 
Member Masonic fraternity; American 
Medical Association; Minnesota State 
Medical Association ; Freeborn County, 
Minn., Medical Society; American As- 
sociation of Railway Surgeons; and Phi 
Pho Sigma fraternity. 

BUTLER, Frkd M. Superior court 
judge. See page 90. 

BUTTERFIELD. Alfred Harvey, 
North Troy. Editor and publisher. Born 
Lowell. Sept. 5, 1857; son of Nathan S. 
and Mary (Hatch) Butterfield. Edu- 
cated in the public schools and Waterbury 
Academy. In 1880 married Gertrude E. 
Hunt of Troy; they have five children, 
Alfred Mitchel, Hugh Harvey. Ross 
Hunt, Mary Ruth, and Gertrude Frances. 




Resided in Burlington several years; 
moved to North Troy in 1S7S and mas- 
tered the printer's trade; in 1881, with 
C. R. Jameson, pnrehased the North Troy 
Palladium, subseqnently becoming sole 
proprietor. Is a Republican; has been 
town clerk, chairman town committee, and 
committee on text-books in the public 
schools, and clerk of village corporation; 
chairman of board of village trustees three 
years; represented Troy in the Legislature 
I894. serving on general committee. Dep- 
uty collector of customs June. 1889, to 
November. 19t\'>. and on Nov. 1, 1907, 
appointed deputy collector of customs in 
charge of the port of North Troy, serving 
to date. Was the first chancellor com- 
mander of Trojan Lodge No. 20. K. of P.; 
grand chancellor Domain of Vermont year 
1 90ci ; representative to Supreme Lodge 
held in Boston 19O8; director and clerk 
of the Midland R. R. Co., and is now di- 
rector and clerk of the Frontier Electric 

BUTTERFIELD. Alfred Mitchell, 
North Troy. Physician and surgeon. Born 
North Troy. Nov. 6. 1881; son of Alfred 
Harvey and Gertrude Emily (Hunt) But- 
ttrrield. Educated in the public schools, 
and University of Vermont Medical De- 
partment. 1905. In 1905 married Edith 
Mae Duff of Danby, P. Q. ; they have one 
son. Alfred Duff. Taught school at North 
Troy. 1900-1; clerk in D. W. Kelley's 
drug store. North Troy, two years; clerk 
in postoffice one year; and began practice 
of medicine in North Troy June, 1905. 
Assistant demonstrator of anatomy, Uni- 
versity of Vermont, 1901-.'5; health officer 
Troy since 190:5; physician and surgeon to 
Canadian Pacific Railroad; member Ameri- 
can Medical Association; Vermont and Or- 
leans County Medical .Societies; and Mis- 
sisfjuoi \'all«y Medical Association. Is 
a Republican. A member of the Episco- 
pal Church; secretary and treasurer for 
two years; delegate to diocesan convention 
1.907-8. Meml)er of Masonic Union Lodge 
No. ](}. F. & A. .M. of Troy; physician 
to the Modern Woodmen of America of 
camps at Nortli Troy and Jay; past chan- 
c'lior Trojan Lodge No. 20, K. P., North 
Troy; corresponding secretary Delta 
CTiapter. .Alpha Kappa Kappa fraternity. 
University of Vermont; and president of 
the North Trov .Vlumni Association. 

BUTTERFIELD, Don O., Wilming- 
ton. Banker. Born Wilmington, March 
19. 1875; son of Oscar E. and Mary 
Isabelle (^lorgan) Butterfield. Educated 
in public schools of Vermont and Ne- 
braska. Married June 12, 1907, Alice S. 
Plimpton; they had one daughter, Bar- 
bara Grace, who died in infancy. Re- 
moved to Nebraska 1886; farming 1892- 
96 ; teacher in Kansas schools 1 897 ; re- 
turned to Vermont 1897; assistant town 
clerk and treasurer, Wilmington, 1898 to 
date; studied law with his father; ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar I9O6; chairman 
Wilmington village trustees 1907-9; as- 
sistant treasurer Wilmington Savings 
Bank Jan., 1907, to date. Is a Repub- 
lican ; member Republican town commit- 
tee 190i-10; justice of peace since I906; 
town representative in the Legislature 
1910, both father and grandfather in 
paternal line having formerly represented 
same town. Attends Congregational 
church. Member Vermont Bar Associa- 

BUTTON, Charles Ir.\, Middlebury. 
Lawyer. Born Brandon, May 14, 1877; 
son of Frank R. and Laura A. (Morse) 
Button. Educated at Brandon High 
School, class of 1 899 ; University of Ver- 
mont; and Chicago-Kent College of Law, 
class of 1902. In I906 married Abigail 
Ho{)kins Ray of Brandon ; they have no 
children. Was clerk in Chicago Law In- 
stitute 1899-1902; admitted to Illinois 
Bar 1904; practiced law in Chicago with 
Springer, Garnett & Burns; admitted to 
Vermont Bar 1904; has since practiced in 
Middlebury. In I9IO appointed by Ctov- 
ernor INIead judge of probate of Addison 
District to succeed William H. Bliss, de- 
ceased. Is a Republican; was campaign 
speaker in 1904 and I906. In religious 
belief a Congregationalist. A member of 
the Masons; the Moosalamoo Club; Con- 
gregational Club of Western Vermont; 
and the Green Mountain Club; was treas- 
urer of Addison County Agricultural So- 
ciety 1905-8; secretary "of the same, 1909" 

BUTTS, L. Porter, North Hyde 
Park. Postmaster. Born Stowe, Jan. 
2H, 1844; son of Prosper and Mary 
(Luce) Butts. Educated at Stowe High 
School. In 1866 married Lurana A. 
.Munn of Stowe. P'ollowed farming five 




years^ hotel keeping 25 years ; has been 
postmaster since 1897. Enlisted Sept., 
1862, in Co. E, 13th Vermont \\)lanteer 
Infantry; discharged July, 1863; re-en- 
listed August, 1864, in Co. D, 5th Ver- 
mont V^olunteer Infantry; discharged 
June, 1865, by close of the war; was in 
the battles of Cedar Creek, Petersburg, 
and Sailor's Creek. Is a Republican; rejj- 
resented Hyde Park in the Legislature 
1 896 ; has held the office of selectman, 
lister, grand juror, etc.; has been deputy 
sheriff for the last 30 years. Is a mem- 
ber of Waterman Lodge No. 83, F. & 
A. M.^ of Johnson; Tucker Chapter No. 
15^ R. A. M., of Morrisville; adjutant and 
past post commander Aaron Keeler Post 
No. 91, G. A. R., of Hyde Park; member 
of Grange; and Junior Order of United 
American Mechanics. 

CADY, Heber C, Northfield. Banker. 
Born Northfield, Sept. 30, 1870; son of 
Henry Clay and Paulina (Barr) Cady. 
Educated at Northfield Graded and High 
Schools, and Norwich University, class of 
1891. In 1901 married Gertrude H. Lee 
of Middlebury; they have one child. Has 
been connected with Northfield Savings 
Bank since 1891; is trustee, and has been 
treasurer since 1901 ; is trustee and treas- 
urer of Norwich University. Is a Re- 
publican ; trustee of the village of North- 
field ; has held severtil other town offices ; 
represented Northfield in the Legislature 
1906. Is treasurer of the First Congre- 
gational Church, Northfield. Member and 
treasurer of DeWitt Clinton Lodge No. 
5, F. & A. M., Northfield; member King 
Solomon Chapter No. 7, R. A. M. ; ^lont- 
pelier; Montpelier Council No. 1, R. & 
S. M. ; Mt. Zion Commandery No. 9, 
Knights Templar, Montpelier; Mt. Sinai 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. ; is treasurer 
of the Dog River Vallev Fair Association. 

CALDERWOOD, Charles Arba, St. 
Johnsbury. Merchant. Born Greens- 
boro, July 22, 1849; son of David and 
Eliza C. (Scott) Calderwood. Educated 
in the public schools and People's Acad- 
emy, ]\Iorrisville. Married Ida May Pen- 
ney of Greensboro ; they have three sons, 
Charles Sherman, Clarence Roy, and Alva 
P. Was in general mercantile business in 
Greensboro 1871-2; Wells River 1873-5; 
since 1875 has conducted a furniture store 
and undertaking business in St. Johns- 
bury. Is chairman of Vermont board of 

examiners of Embalmers and Undertakers. 
Is a Republican; represented St. Johns- 
bury in the Legislature I9IO; chairman of 
committee on corporations, and member of 
committees on federal relations and ways 
and means. Is a Congregationalist. Mr. 
Calderwood has the distinction of having 
held the highest office in each of the York 
Rite Grand Masonic bodies of the state. 

CALHOUN, Allan, Middlebury. Mer- 
chant. Born Paisley, Scotland, Oct. 12, 
1850; son of Allan and Jane (Wylie) 
Calhoun. Educated in the public schools 
of Newark, N. J. In 1874 married Lucy 
Ann Egan of Troy, N. Y. ; they had twelve 
children, nine living, Allan T., Joseph, 
Agnes, Walter, Philip, Letitia, Lucy (Mrs. 
B. A. Holmes, Burlington), Jane E., and 
Maj' E. Engaged in the plumbing and 
heating business, Troy, N. Y. ; later in 
the employ of G. S. Biodgett, Burlington; 
has been in tlie plumbing and heating busi- 
ness in Middlebury since 1882; among the 
large contracts he has filled are the state 
house and post-office, Montpelier; govern- 
ment buildings. Fort Ethan Allen; Mid- 
dlebury College and high school, Middle- 
bury; in Pittsford and jNIorrisville. A 
Republican; represented Middlebury in 
the Legislature 19O8; served on general 
committee and public health committee; 
trustee of Middlebury several times; water 
commissioner five years; member of pru- 
dential committee school district No. 4, 
Middlebury, six years; chief of Middle- 
bury fire dejiartment several years. Mem- 
ber of Union Lodge No. 2, F. & A. M.; 
Lake Dunmore Lodge No. 11, I. O. O. F. ; 
has been noble grand and district deputy 
grand master; member of Grand Lodge of 
Vermont, I. O. O. F. 

CALHOUN, Allan Thomas, Middle- 
bury. Hardware merchant. Born Trov, 
N. "y., Sept. 22, 1875; son of Allan and 
Lucy (Egan) Calhoun. Educated at Mid- 
dlebury High School and Albany Business 
College. In I9OO married ^lary Mabel 
Jones of Vergennes; they have two chil- 
dren, Lucy Isabelle and Clifton Allan. 
Was in the plumbing and heating business 
in Vergennes 1897-1900; junior member 
of the firm of A. Calhoun & Son, hard- 
ware, plumbing, and heating, since I9OO. 
A Democrat; member of Democratic state 
committee 1902-10; trustee Middlebury 
village 1910. Member Union Lodge No. 




•2. F. \- A. M.. Middlebiiry; past noble 
grand Lake Dunuiore Lodge Xo. 11, I. O. 
O. F. ; member of Grand Lodge I. O. 
O. F. of Vermont and has been dis- 
trict depnty grand master of district Xo. 
:> ; past chief patriarch of Addison En- 
campment X'o. 57, I. O. O. F., of Mid- 
dlebiiry. now scribe; grand sentinel of the 
Cirand Encampment. L O. O. F., of Ver- 
mont ; member of Middlebiiry Grange. 

CALLAHAX. Timothy E., Montpelier. 
Ciranite manufacturer. Born Moretown, 
June 5o. 1869; son of Patrick and Kather- 
ine (Price) Callahan. Educated in the 
public schools. In 1896 married Ellen 
Gertrude Kelleher. Was post-office clerk 
and letter carrier for 15 years; granite 
manufacturer for 1 8 years ; recently pur- 
chased the business and plant of the Co- 
lumbian Granite Co. of Montpelier. Is 
a Democrat. A Roman Catholic. Past 
grand knight of Montpelier Council, 
Knights of Columbus; past exalted ruler 
of Montpelier Lodge of Elks; past ven- 
erable consul of Montpelier Camp^ Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

CAMPBELL. Edward Raymond, Bel- 
lows Falls. Physician and surgeon. Born 
West Westminster. Sept. 27. 1853; son of 
Dr. Daniel and Julia A. (Hall) Camp- 
bell. Educated at Kimball Union Acad- 
emy, Meriden, X. H. ; scientific depart- 
ment, Dartmouth College; studied medi- 
cine with his father; M. D. medical de- 
partment University of Vermont 1875; 
(valedictorian). In 1876 married Inez E. 
Morse of Westminster. Began practice 
at Turners Falls, Mass., 1875; removed to 
Bellows Falls 1877, where he was in ac- 
tive practice until 1912. 'Pension examin- 
ing surgeon 1885-97; frequent contributor 
to medical journals. A Democrat; rep- 
resented Rockingham in the Legislature 
1901-. Member American Medical Associ- 
ation. Vermont Medical Society (president 
1888;; Connecticut River Valley Medical 
-Association (treasurer since 1879); Ver- 
mont .State Tuberculosis Commission 1904- 
6; and Wrstminstf-r Club. 

CAMPBELL. Ei;r;KNE E., Waterbury. 
Insur/irire and real estate. Born Brain- 
tree. .May 28, 1865; .son of Phineas and 
.\dflaide rrhurston) Campbell. Educated 
in the public schools. In 1889 married 
B. rtlia M. Denny of Xorthfidd; thev have 

two sons, Harold Denny and Homer Pearl. 
Was station agent for Central Vermont 
Railway for 25 years; employed last at 
AVaterbury, where he remained for seven 
years; resigned in 1909 to take up insur- 
ance and real estate business. Is a Re- 
publican; village trustee 1909 and 1910; 
president of the village 1911. A Congre- 
gationalist. Member of Winooski Lodge 
Xo. 49, F. & A. M.; Waterbury Chapter 
Xo. 24, R. A. M.; Mount Zion Command- 
ery Xo. 9, K. T., Montpelier; Mt. Sinai 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.; past noble 
grand of Mentor Lodge Xo. 51, I. O. O. 
F.; past chief patriarch Alhambra En- 
campment Xo. 20 ; past chancellor com- 
mander Paul Dillingham Lodge Xo. 31, 
Knights of Pythias ; member of Suadah 
TemjDle Xo. 140, Dramatic Order Knights 
of Khorassan, of Barre. 

CAMPBELL, Eugene Milton, Lyndon 
Center. Insurance agent and coal dealer. 
Born Sutton, Dec. 12, 1850; son of Mil- 
ton A. and Adeline (Blake) Campbell. 
Educated in the public schools and Xew 
Hampton Institute, X^ew Hampton, X. H. 
In 1872 married Emma A. Stoddard of 
Lyndon; they had six children, Elwyn G., 
Elfie E., Fred M., Flora J., Raymond E. 
(deceased), and William E. Farmer and 
school teacher in Sutton 1872; in the gro- 
cery business, Lyndon Center, 1873-6; em- 
ployed as foreman by Lyndonville Dress- 
ing' Mill Co., 1876-84; clerk in office at 
railroad shops, Lyndonville, 1884-90; 
since 1891 insurance agent and coal dealer 
at Lyndonville ; partner in the firm of 
Campbell & Blodgett, insurance agents, 
since 1893. Was a Republican previous 
to 1 884 ; since then a member of the Pro- 
hibition party; has been candidate of the 
Prohibitionists of Vermont for the offices 
of presidential elector, state treasurer, 
governor, and member of congress ; as a 
Prohibitionist has been elected to the 
board of justices on a union ticket for the 
past 12 years; has served one year as su- 
j)erintendent of schools of Lyndon; has 
been secretary and treasurer of the board 
of library trustees for 15 years; is now 
agent of the town of Lyndon. Member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
since 1884, secretary of the lodge for five 
years ; member of the Red Men for more 
than 20 years, in which he holds the rank 
of past sachem ; member of the Good 
Templars since 1870, and has been grand 




secretary of the Grand Lodge of Vermont 
for 13 years; represented this Grand 
Lodge at international sessions of the or- 
der at Zurich, Switzerland, 1897, and 
Stockhohn, Sweden, 1902. 

CARBEE, Scott Clifton, Boston, 
Mass. Portrait painter. Born East Con- 
cord, April 26, I860; son of James Balch 
and Mary (Graj^) Carbee. Educated at 
Boston public schools ; studied art in 
Boston, Mass., Providence, R. I., Paris, 
France, and Florence, Italy. In 1882 
married Mary Packard Jones of Hing- 
ham, ]\Iass. ; they had three children, 
Robert Clifton (died 1888), Jessie Mae, 
and James Gerome. His first instruction 
in drawing was with Prof. Geo. H. Bart- 
lett, while attending public school in 
South Boston; after graduating was em- 
l^loyed as a lithographer; studied paint- 
ing under Hugo Breul, of Providence, 
Bouguereau, Ferrier and Delecluse in 
Paris, and later in Etaples, France, and 
in Florence under Max Bohm; has ex- 
liibited in Paris Salon and all principal 
American exhibitions. Among portraits 
painted are Chief Justice Horace Gray; 
ex-U. S. Senator Roach of Nevada; ex- 
Governors Prouty and Ormsbee and Chief 
Justice John W. Rowell of Vermont; 
Judge Baker, of Hallowell, Me.; Mrs. 
Wm. K. Ryan and children of New York; 
and the late Col. Albert Clarke of Boston. 
Member of Vermont Association of Bos- 
ton; Boston Art Club; Society of Odd 
Brushes; and Copley Society of Boston. 
Residence, Boston, Mass; studio, 110 
Tremont Street, Boston, Mass. 

CARMODY, Dan, Fair Haven. Mer- 
chant. Born West Rutland, Sept. 19, 
I860; son of Patrick and Mary (Davine) 
Carmody. Educated at West Rutland pub- 
lic schools. In 1894 married Mary A. 
Barrett of Saratoga, N. Y. ; they have 
three children, Michael Barrett, Patrick 
Arthur, and Daniel Francis. Has con- 
ducted a general clothing store in partner- 
ship with J. H. Pollard at Fair Haven 
since 1896. A Democrat; police justice 
16 years; member of school board and 
trustee of the library; chairman of Rut- 
land County Democratic committee; mem- 
ber of Democratic state committee. Mem- 
ber of the Roman Catholic Church. 

CAROX, Napoleon J., South Hero. 
Physician and surgeon. Born Louisville, 
P. Q.; son of Francois and Philomene 
(Beland) Caron. Educated in the public 
schools of Louisville; Joliette Seminary, 
Joliette, P. Q., graduated 1894; and Laval 
University 1898. In 1905 married Blanche 
Boudreau of St. Angele ; they have two 
children, Marie Marguerite Laurette and 
Joseph Raymond Maurice. Began prac- 
tice at Swanton 1898, remaining three 
years; in 1901 removed to South Hero, 
continuing practice to date. Member of 
Roman Catholic Church. Was physician 
three years for Catholic Order of Forest- 
ers, Swanton; member of Montreal Medi- 
cal Association ; physician and trustee 
Modern Woodmen of America, South Hero. 

CARPENTER, Arthur P., Brattle- 
boro. Lawyer. Born Readsboro, March 
31, 1867; son of Solomon R. and Laura 
M. (Bishop) Carpenter. Educated at 
Castleton Normal School, graduate of the 
class of 1887; Rochester Business Univer- 
sity, Rochester, N. Y., class of 1890; 
and Boston University Law School, 
graduating with the LL. B. degree 
1897. In 1897 married Addie L. 
Bo^mton of Jamaica. Admitted to the 
Vermont Bar 1896, and the Massachusetts 
Bar 1 897 ; admitted to practice before the 
United States circuit court, district of 
Massachusetts 1898, and district of Ver- 
mont, 1900. Practiced law at North Ad- 
ams, Mass., 1897-1905; and since 1905 at 
Brattleboro. A Democrat; chairman of 
Democratic town committee, Brattleboro, 
since I906; member of Democratic county 
committee, Windham County. Member of 
Old South Congregational Church, Boston, 
Mass. Member of Unity Lodge No. 89, 
F. & A. M., of Jacksonville; and Bingham 
Chapter No. 30, Order of Eastern Star, 

CARPENTER, Frank Menzo, Ever- 
ett, Mass. Law and collections, and clerk 
of committees. Born Readsboro, Nov. 6, 
1873; son of Whitman J. and Lydia A. 
(AVinters) Carpenter. Educated in the 
public schools of Vermont, Houghton Wes- 
leyan Seminary, and Boston University 
Law School. In 1903 married Antoinette 
Adelia Pond of Brandon. After leaving 
the farm taught school three years in Ver- 




moiit and rive years in Massachusetts ; 
clerk of committees, city of Everett, seven 
years; three years" service in Massachu- 
setts volunteer militia, orator of the com- 
pany three years. A Republican; member 
city committee of Everett 12 years; mem- 
ber 7th congressional committee of Massa- 
chusetts live years ; served three years as 
secretary and three years as chairman of 
the ward committee of Everett. A Uni- 
versalist; member Masonic fraternity, 
Eastern Star. Royal Arcanum, and Ever- 
ett Board of Trade. 

CARPENTER. George Byrox, White 
River Junction. Banker. Born Hebron, 
X. v.. July 6. 18S8; son of Byron W. 
and Hannah (Smith) Carpenter. Edu- 
cated at West Pawlet graded schools, and 
Albany (X. Y.) Business College. At the 
age of 14 was engaged in a slate quarry 
in West Pawlet. After graduating from 
business college was employed by the Dela- 
ware & Hudson Co.; the Vermont ]Marble 
Co., Proctor; the Howard Drug Co., 
White River Junction; and the Granville 
X'ational Bank of Granville, X^. Y. Re- 
turned to White River Junction and be- 
came assistant cashier of the Hartford 
X'ational Bank, later being made cashier, 
which position he still holds. Is a Repub- 
lican. An attendant of the Methodist 
Episcopal Churcli. Member of United 
Brethren Lodge X'o. 21, White River Junc- 
tion ; the Modern Woodmen of America ; 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks ; and 
the Iroquois Club of White River Junction. 

CARPEXTER, Henry Otis, Rutland. 
Banker. Born Walpole, X'^. H., Jan. 30, 
1852; son of Albert and Mary (Carpen- 
ter; Carpenter. Educated at Rutland 
public schools. In IS?^ married Kate E. 
Mallory of Rutland; they have two daugh- 
ters, Katherine M. and Mabel E. En- 
gaged for many years in the hotel busi- 
ness, keeping the Bardwell House in Rut- 
land, retiring in l.OOO; is president of 
Rutland .Savings Bank. A Rc])ublican; 
r«j)nsintfd Rutland in the I>(;gislature 
18.00; senator from Rutland County 1901; 
mayor of city of Rutland three terms. 
Mfinbfr of .Masonic fraternity, Independ- 
rnt Order of Odd Fellows, Knights of Py- 
thias, and Order of Elks. 

( Alii'V.S' Hkhi.kkt Lincoln, 
Boston, .Mass. X. K. manager Keystone 

Lubricating Co., of Philadelphia. Born St. 
Johnsbury, Jan. 24, 1867; son of James 
B. and Lucinda (Xewton) Carpenter. 
Educated at Lydonville graded school, 
and Lyndonville Institute. In 1889 mar- 
ried Lillian G. Lord of Dedham, Mass.; 
they have three children, Ernest G., Irving 
L., and Ethyl G. Drove a horse-car from 
Davis Square, Somerville, to Park Square, 
Boston, 1883-5; fired locomotive seven 
years, and locomotive engineer seven 
years, on Xew York and X^ew England 
railroad; ran stationary engines in Boston 
five years ; Xew England manager Key- 
stone Lubricating Co. of Philadelphia 
since 1904. A Republican; a Congrega- 
tionalist. Member of Knights of Pythias, 
Ancient Order of United Workmen, Order 
of Elks, and Brotherhood of Locomotive 

CARPEXTER, Miner B., Concord. 
Butter manufacturer. Born Waterford, 
Oct. 26, 1867; son of Amos B. and Cosbi 
B. (Parker) Carpenter. Educated in the 
public schools of Waterford, St. Johns- 
bury Academy, class of 1890, and Clinton, 
la., Business College. In 1899 married 
^Nlary Goss of Waterford; they have two 
daughters, Priscilla and Lucile. On grad- 
uating from business college returned to 
Waterford, engaged in farming, and in 
1891, with his brother, E. P. Carpenter, 
built a creamery; in 1896 formed a stock 
company under the name of the Trout 
Brook Creamery Co., moving to Concord 
in 1 892, and has done an increasing busi- 
ness each year since ; the last year's busi- 
ness amounting to $70,000, taking in near- 
ly one million pounds of cream and mak- 
ing a quarter of a million pounds of but- 
ter ; at present manager and treasurer of 
the creamery. Is a Republican. Member 
of the Methodist Church and superintend- 
ent of the Sunday-school. 

CARR, Fred Alton, Wliite River Junc- 
tion. Manager Xew England Telephone 
and Telegraph Co. Born Middlesex, July 
6, 1868; son of Sydney D. and Lydia 
(Blake) Carr. Educated in the public 
schools of Calais, and Montpelier High 
School. In 1889 married Elizabeth Ellen 
liard of St. Stephens, X. B.; they had 
three children, Arlie George (deceased), 
liessif Rose, and Robert CJeorge. Xight 
operator, lineman, and foreman Vermont 
Telephone Co., Montpelier, 1887-1900; 




inspector New England Telephone Co., 
Montpelier, 1 900-1 ; manager Vermont 
Telephone Co., Morrisville, 1901-3; man- 
ager at Claremont, N. H., for six months 
in 1903; manager New England Tele- 
phone and Telegraph Co., White River 
Junction, 1003 to date. Was a Republi- 
can ; delegate to 2nd Congressional dis- 
trict convention June, 1910. Is a Meth- 
odist; steward, member of official board, 
and of finance committee. Senior deacon 
United Brethren Lodge No. 21, F. & A. 
M. ; scribe Cascadnac Chapter No. 27, 
R. A. M.; member Vermont Commandery 
No. 9, K. T., of Windsor; Green Moim- 
tain Council No. 9, Junior Order United 
American Mechanics ; Iroquois Club, and 
treasurer White River Junction board of 

CARTER, Frederick Henry, Plain- 
field. Physician. Born Providence, R. I., 
March 25, 1876; son of Louis and Tar- 
sella (Currier) Carter. Educated at the 
public and high school, Holliston, Mass. ; 
Worcester Academy, Worcester, Mass. ; 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, Bos- 
ton, Mass. ; and postgraduate course at 
Carney Hospital, South Boston; and one 
year at Chester St. Dispensary, Boston, 
Mass. Began practice of medicine in Bos- 
ton, Mass., later locating in East Barre; 
in 1908 came to Plainfield, where he has 
since been engaged in practice. Member 
of State Medical Society and Washington 
County Medical Society. Is a Republi- 
can. Member of Masonic lodge, and Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America. 

GARY, George C, St. Johnsbury. 
Maple sugar dealer. Born Fort Fairfield, 
Me., March 7, 1864; son of Asa C. and 
Jessie J. (Priestly) Cary. Educated at 
Ricker Classical Institute, Houlton, Me. 
In 1898 married Annie M. Partridge of 
Skowhegan, Me. ; they have three children, 
Clinton P., Madeline J., and Ruth E. Was 
engaged as commercial traveler 1881-98; 
a dealer in maple sugar since 1886, giving 
exclusive time to the work since 1898. Is a 
Republican. In religious belief a Congre- 
gationalist. ]\Iember of Eastern Frontier 
Lodge No. 112, F. & A. M., of Fort Fair- 
field, Me., and the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. 

CAVE, Thomas H.. Jr., Barre. Bank 
cashier. Born Berlin, July 16, 1870; son 

of Thomas H. and Frances C. (Dodge) 
Cave. Educated at Montpelier Union 
School. In 1906 married Kate HumjDhrey 
Eastman of Waterbury. Was secretary of 
Granite Manufacturers' Association 1899" 
1901 ; bookkeeper and teller National Bank 
of Barre 1902-6; assistant cashier I906- 
7 ; has been cashier since that date. Is 
a Republican ; on Republican cit}^ com- 
mittee 1909-10 ; represented Barre in the 
Legislature 1910; chairman of house com- 
mittee on banks, and member of two other 
committees. Church preference, the ]\Ieth- 
odist Episcopal Church. Member of Gran- 
ite Lodge No. 35, F. & A. M.; Granite 
Chapter No. 26, R. A. M.; and Vincitia 
Club, Barre. 

CAVERLY, Charles S., Rutland. Phy- 
sician. Born Troy, N. H., Sept. 30, 1856; 
son of Abiel M. and Sarah (Goddard) Cav- 
erly. Educated at Kimball Union Acad- 
emy, Meriden, N. H., 1874; Dartmouth 
College 1878, and University of Vermont, 
Medical Department, 1881. In 1885 mar- 
ried Mabel A. Tuttle of Rutland. Presi- 
dent Vermont State Board of Health since 
I89I; professor of hygiene. University of 
Vermont College of Medicine; attending 
physician and director in Rutland Hospi- 
tal; member of board of trustees Vermont 
Sanatorium; consulting plwsician of Proc- 
tor Hospital. A Republican. A Congre- 
gationalist. Member Rutland Country 
Club, American Medical Association, ex- 
president Vermont State Medical Society, 
ex-president Rutland County Medical So- 
ciety, and member American Public Health 

CHANDLER, Albert Brown, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. Born Randolph, Aug. 20, 
1 840 ; youngest son of William Brown 
and Electa (Owen) Chandler. William 
Chandler, the progenitor in America of 
the Chandler family, came to Roxbury, 
Mass., in 1637. From his three sons, 
William, Thomas and John, were descend- 
ed the New England branches of the 
family ; the descendants including some 
of the most prominent men of their time. 
Among them were Senator Zachariah 
Chandler, of Michigan; Senator William 
E. Chandler, of New Hampshire; Com- 
mander Benjamin F. Chandler of the 
United States Navy ; Professor Charles F. 
Chandler, of Columbia University; and 
the subject of this sketch, who is also a 




descendant of John Winthropj the first 
governor of Massachusetts. Albert Brown 
Chandler was educated in the district 
school and in the academy of his native 
village, and spent his vacations in learn- 
ing the arts of both printing and teleg- 
raphy. Mr. Chandler was married Oc- 
tober 11. 18(vi. to Miss Marilla Eunice 
Stedman of West Randolph. Three chil- 
dren were born to them, one daughter, 
Florence, dying in childhood, and two 
sons. Albert Eckert and Willis Derwin. His 
wife Marilla died in September, 1907. In 
December. ipiO, Mr. Chandler married 
Miss Mildred Vivian of New York Cit}', 
a member of a most favorably known fam- 
ily of the South, who came to New York 
from Kansas City in 1907. He was ap- 
IHiinted manager of the Western Union 
telegraph office at Bellaire, O., in 1858. 
In 1859 agent of the Cleveland & Pitts- 
burg Railroad at Manchester, opposite 
Pittsburg, remaining until May, 1863, 
when he was assigned to duty as cipher 
telegra^ih operator in the War Depart- 
ment at Washington, becoming one of the 
confidential telegraph operators of Presi- 
dent Lincoln and Secretary Stanton. In 
October. 1863. in addition to these duties, 
he was made disbursing clerk for General 
Thomas T. Eckert. superintendent of Mili- 
tary Telegraph in the Department of the 
Potomac, visiting the armies in the field 
and becoming personally acquainted with 
principal military officers of the govern- 
ment. In August, 1866, before the gen- 
eral consolidation of the several telegraph 
interests in the United States into one 
company had become fully organized, he 
was made chief clerk in the office of Gen- 
eral Superintendent of the Eastern Di- 
vision and placed in charge of the trans- 
atlantic and Cuba cable traffic, which had 
just been inaugurated. In addition to 
these duties, he was, on the first of June, 
1869, api)ointed superintendent of the 
Sixth District of the Eastern Division, 
and continued in these several positions 
until .January, 1875, when he accepted the 
position of assistant general manager of 
tlie Atlantic & Pacific Telegra])!! Com- 
pany, of wliicli C/cneral Eckert had lately 
become president and general manager. He 
was subsequently appointed, successively, 
secretary, treasurer, director, and vice- 
pr«sident of that company, and in De- 
c» mbf-r. 1 879. he succeeded General Eck- 
ert as prcsidf-nt. After that com)).'iny was 

combined with the Western Union Co. 
in 1881, he accepted the presidency of the 
Fuller Electrical Company, which was 
among the first to develop the arc system 
of electric lighting, remaining actively in 
that position until May, 1884. In Decem- 
ber of that year he became counsel for 
the Postal Telegraph and Cable Company, 
and in June, 1865, he was appointed re- 
ceiver of the property of that company. 
Through his efforts the company was re- 
organized, and early in 1886 he became 
its president and general manager, and 
also a member of the board of directors 
and of the executive committee and a vice- 
president of the Commercial Cable Com- 
pany. After the construction of the Pa- 
cific Coast lines, he was made acting presi- 
dent of the Pacific Postal Telegraph Com- 
pany, of which ]\Ir. John W. Mackay was 
president. In March, 1887, he was elected 
a director, and soon after president, of 
the Commercial Telegraph Company. 
While under his management the propert}' 
of this company was acquired by the Stock 
Exchange in 1890, and Mr. Chandler has 
ever since continued in charge of its op- 
eration under the direction of the Ex- 
change. Was a member of the board of 
directors of the Brooklyn District Tele- 
graph Co. and president of that company 
during the first three years of its exist- 
ence. The large and commodious building 
of the Postal Telegraph Company at 
Broadway and Murray Street, New York, 
was erected under the supervision of Mr. 
Chandler, and has become a well estab- 
lished center of telegraphic communica- 
tion. After forty-four years of active 
service, by his own wish, Mr. Chandler 
retired from the presidency of the com- 
pany, which Mr. John W. Mackay then 
assumed, requesting that Mr. Chandler 
continue in close relations with him as 
chairman of the board of directors, which 
position he has ever since continued to 
occujiy. He is a member of the board of 
directors of the Otis Elevator Company. 
He served as colonel and A. D. C. on the 
military staffs of Governors Woodbury 
and Cirout of Vermont for four years. 
1895 to 1898, inclusive. It has been said 
of liini that he is a man of infinite patience 
and pains; that in every relation he has 
proved himself more than equal to the 
duties assigned him, honoring every trust 
by conscientious assiduity, and by the un- 
failing politeness, fidelity and thoughtful- 




ness with which he administered it; and 
that when he withdrew from active man- 
agement of the Postal System he had the 
gratification of knowing that he was the 
only man who had ever built up a com- 
prehensive and successful competitive sys- 
tem of telegraphs in the United States. 
May 16, 1896, at the National Electrical 
Exposition in New York, he sent a tele- 
graph message, written by Hon. Chaun- 
cey M. Depew, a distance of 16,000 miles 
around the world, which was received and 
transcribed by Thomas A. Edison in New 
York, four minutes later, the entire cir- 
cuit being composed of wires and cables 
belonging to the Postal Telegraph-Com- 
mercial Cable system. Elbert Hubbard 
must have had Col. Chandler in mind 
when he wrote: "Responsibilities gravi- 
tate to the person who can shoulder them; 
and power flows to the man who knows 
how." In political convictions Col. Chand- 
ler is a Republican. He has been a mem- 
ber of the Lafayette Avenue Presbyterian 
Church (known as Dr. Cuyler's) in Brook- 
lyn since January, 1869, and is an attend- 
ant of Bethany Congregational Church in 
Randolph, in aid of which he gave, in 
1907, Chandler Music Hall, which, with 
its adjoining Parish House, is one of the 
finest structures of the kind in New Eng- 
land. A full sketchy of the life of Mr. 
Chandler would form an interesting chap- 
ter in the history of telegraphy in the 
United States. He is classed among tele- 
graph people as one of its pioneers, hav- 
ing devoted more than fifty years of con- 
tinuous service to that profession, occu- 
pied nearh' everj^ official position pertain- 
ing to it, been personally acquainted with 
nearly all the principal promoters, in- 
ventors, and officers who have brought 
that business to its present position of 
prime importance in the affairs of the 
world, and has participated in some of 
the most important movements in the 
transmission of messages of public inter- 
est, the develojDment of business and in 
its organization, operation and expansion. 

CHANDLER, Charles Elmer, Mont- 
pelier. Physician and surgeon. Born 
Montpelier, May 24, I86I; son of Dr. 
Charles Marsellus and Abbey Josephine 
(Hazen) Chandler. Educated in Wash- 
ington County Grammar School, and a 
graduate of College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, New York City, 1883. Oct. 

27, 1887, married Cora Stowell Porter of 
Middlebury; they have two sons. Charles 
Porter and Hazen Atlierton. Has prac- 
ticed medicine in Montpelier since 1883; 
visiting surgeon to Heaton Hospital since 
1 896. A member of American Medical 
Association, Vermont State Medical So- 
ciety, New York and New England Rail- 
way Surgeons' Association, and president 
of Montpelier Medical and Surgical Club. 

CHAPMAN, Bertrand Arza, Spring- 
field. Physician. Born Ludlow, Aug. 22, 
1868; son of William H. H. and Emily 
( Smith) Chapman. Attended the district 
school at South Hill, and Black River 
Academy; he then secured a position in 
Channing's private hospital, Boston, 
jSIass., earning money to take his medical 
course at Dartmouth College, and Balti- 
more Medical College, from which he 
graduated in 1895. In I9O6 married Car- 
rie Blanche Henderson of Worcester, 
Mass.; they have two children, Bertrand 
W. and Eleanor A. Since graduation has 
practiced continuously in Springfield, mak- 
ing a specialty of anesthetics ; also eye, 
ear, nose and throat. Is a Republican; 
member of ]Methodist Episcopal Church. 

CHAPMAN, Charles Field, Wood- 
stock. Banker. Born Woodstock, Jan. 
14, 1856; son of George Roswell and Har- 
riet Maria (Jones) Chapman. Educated 
at Woodstock High School; Dartmouth 
College, A. B. 1879; medical department 
University of Vermont. After graduating 
from Dartmouth College studied medicine 
for three years with Dr. Charles L. Allen 
of Rutland, and in University of Vermont ; 
broke down in health, and in 1884 entered 
Woodstock National Bank as clerk. In 
1888 elected treasurer of Ottauquechee 
Savings Bank, Woodstock; is still treas- 
urer and trustee. Was president Vermont 
State Bankers' Association I9IO-II, and 
now one of the executive committee. Is 
a Republican ; served as chairman of board 
of village trustees; several terms school 
director. Member of Protestant Episcopal 
Church; has been junior warden and treas- 
urer of St. James's parish, Woodstock, 
and treasurer of the fund for aged and 
infirm clergymen for the diocese of Ver- 
mont; also one of the trustees of said 
fund, one of the trustees of diocese of 
Vermont, and secretary of the board. 
Member Woodstock Lodge , No. 31, F. & 




A. M.: Woodstock Country Club; Wood- 
stock Improvement Society; Lakota Club, 
was secretary and treasurer 10 years; sec- 
retary and treasurer of the Spinet Club; 
and secretary of the Woodstock Burying- 
Ground Association. 

CHAPMAN. DoxLY Horace, Cam- 
bridge. Business man. Born Fletcher. 
Sept. 19.; son of Horace and Anna 
Lovisa (Boynton) Chapman. His mater- 
nal ancestor. Daniel Lemuel Chapman, 
was a Revolutionary soldier, served seven 
years, and was a member of the body guard 
of General Washington, and by him was 
offered a counnission as colonel; Anna 
Boynton Chapman was a lady of rare 
gifts, the genealogy of whose family can 
be traced to a Norman knight who came 
over to England with William the Con- 
queror in 1060. John and William Boyn- 
ton. the first American progenitors, came 
to Rowley, Mass., in l63S. where they set- 
tled. Abiel Boynton. great-grandfather, 
and six brothers were soldiers in the Revo- 
lutionary army, and ranked from colonel 
to high private. Donly H. Chapman was 
educated at the common schools and New 
Hampton Institute. In 1885 married Nel- 
lie A. Hawley of Cambridge, who died 
in 1901. leaving no children. Taught 
scliool the ten succeeding winters follow- 
ing his graduation, also conspicuous in 
school matters for many years as superin- 
tendent and director; held nearly all the 
elective offices in Fletcher. In 19OI moved 
from Fletclier to his present home in Cam- 
bridge. Vice-president, secretary, treas- 
urer, and general sujKrintendent of Queen 
City Park Association. South Burlington, 
since 1.900. A Republican; at age of 23 
was elected constable and collector and 
several times re-elected ; deputy sheriff for 
20 years, and justice of the peace 20 
years. In religious conviction a Spirit- 
ualist: president \'(rmont .State Spiritual- 
ist .Society; chairman board of manage- 
ment 20 years. Member North Star Fodge 
No. 12. v. & A. M.: Suadah Temple No. 
11-0. Knights of Kf)rasson ; .S,-imaritan 
Lodge Nfi. HK L (). (). F.; Antonio Lodge 
No. ]1. I)augbt<rs of Rebekah ; charter 
m«-mb#r Lamoille Lodge No. 12. K. P.; 
arul tlif Crnufrc. 

( ILVl'MAN. Tmao M.. Middbbury. 
Business man. Horn Midfllebury. Jan. 
ft. ) S k'> ; son f)f Cforfr. ('. .iikI .Adeji.i 

(Fletcher) Chapman. Took a partial 
course at Middlebury College, and gradu- 
ated from Hobart College, Geneva, N. Y., 
class of 1866. In 1875 married Jessie 
Hammond of Orwell; they have two 
daughters. Jessie C. (Mrs. D. C. Noble 
of ^Middlebury), and Florence E. (Mrs. 
Basil Kodjbanoff of New Y^ork City). 
An extensive lumber and real estate deal- 
er; formerly in general mercantile busi- 
ness in Middlebury. A Republican; aide- 
de-camp, with rank of colonel, on Gov. 
Redfield Proctor's staff'; sheriff' of Addi- 
son County 1898-1904'; member Repub- 
lican state committee for twenty years, 
and its chairman four years ; delegate to 
national convention at Chicago 1908. An 
Episcopalian; past master Union Lodge 
No. 2, F. & A. M.; charter member Mo- 
rocco Temple, Mystic Shrine, Jackson- 
ville. Fla. ; grand commander of Knights 
Templar 1888; member of the Order of 
Knights of Pythias, and of Chi Psi Fra- 

CHASE, Charles S., Brattleboro. Law- 
yer. Born Whitingham, May 13, 1855; 
son of Abraham and Catherine R. Chase. 
Educated at public schools and under pri- 
vate tutelage; studied law and was ad- 
mitted to Bar, 1880. In 1881 married 
Carrie B. Brigham of Boston; they have 
three children, Robert M., Harrie B., and 
Paul A. Began practice at Whitingham, 
1880; removed to Brattleboro; member 
firm of Chase & Daley; also interested in 
real estate and manufacturing; official 
court reporter Windham and Bennington 
counties for 30 years. Represented Wind- 
ham County in Senate 1906. Member of 
Masonic fraternity. 

CHASE, Isaac N., East Fairfield. Law- 
yer. Born Bristol, Minn., May 2, 1861; 
son of Thaddeus P. and Nancy K. 
(Brown) Chase. Educated in the public 
schools of Fletcher, and Brigham Acad- 
emy. In 1885 married Inez L. Hull of 
East r'airfield ; they have four children, 
Iceland G., Leo L., Irving I., and Chaun- 
cey H. Taught school in Fairfield, Fletch- 
er and Fairfax. Studied law with Capt. 
George W. Burleson of P'airfield; ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1886^ and to U. S. 
district court 1904'; states attorney for 
Fr;inklin County 1894-6. Owns what is 
known as Interval Farm at East Fletcher, 
a f-'irm of 6OO acres. A Republican; while 




reading law served as deputy county clerk, 
register of probate, justice of the peace, 
and deputy sherifi'; deputy collector and 
inspector U. S. customs at Newport 1889- 
92, and resigned to pursue his profession; 
chairman of school board, Fairfield, eight 
years; appointed postmaster March 21, 
1 899 ; while holding the office secured three 
rural free delivery routes, and in many 
ways improved the service; resigned Feb. 
27, 1908. An attendant of the Congre- 
gational Church. Past master Eagle Lodge 
F. & A. M.; member of Champlain Chap- 
ter and Lafayette Commandery of St. Al- 
bans, and served as district deputy grand 
master 7th Masonic district; member of 
^lodern Woodmen of America, Camp No. 
1 0,4.26. 

CHASE, John B., Lyndonville. Pub- 
lisher. Born Lyndon, Sept. 24-, 1872; son 
of Charles M. and Mary E. (Wells) 
Chase. Educated at Lyndon Academy 
1890, and St. Johnsbury Academy 1891. 
In 1903 married Elizabeth M. Jones of 
Claremont, N. H. After leaving school 
worked several years in the office of his 
father's paper. The Vermont Union, at 
Lyndon; was associate editor St. Johns- 
bury Caledonian three years ; associate edi- 
tor of The Opinion at Bradford three 
years, and for shorter times on several 
other papers. From 1902-5 editor of the 
Vermont Union, purchasing it and the 
Lyndonville Journal in 1905, and uniting 
the two papers with office at Lyndonville. 
Is a Democrat. In religious belief a Con- 

CHASE, RoLLA Miner, Bethel. Den- 
tist, and physician and surgeon. Born 
South Royalton, Sept. 4, 1854; son of 
Moses and Rosina (Hill) Chase. Edu- 
cated at public schols ; Boston Dental Col- 
lege, (now Tufts) D. D. S. 1876; Balti- 
more Medical College, M. D. 1890. In 
1879 married Susan Elizabeth Newell of 
Bethel; they had two children, George 
Berry and Susie Newell (deceased). Has 
practiced dentistry and medicine at Bethel 
since 1876-1890. Was director and former 
president Bethel Electric Light and Pow- 
er Co. ; member Whitcomb High School 
board several years ; president Bethel 
Board of Trade; oile of the organizers of 
Vermont State Dental Society, and has 
held every office, including president ; 

member Northeastern Dental Society; 
member State Board of Dental Examiners 
for 18 years. A Republican; represented 
Bethel in the Legislature 1900; vice-presi- 
dent National Republican League 1894-5. 
A Universalist. Past master White River 
Lodge, F. & A. M.; member Whiting 
Chapter, R. A. M., Randolph; Mt. Zion 
Commandery, K. T. ; Mt. Sinai Temple, 
and a delegate to tlie Im^jerial Council at 
Los Angeles 1907. 

CHEDEL, John Asa, Stockbridge. 
jNIerchant and farmer. Born Pomfret, 
May 30, 1848; son of John and Hannah 
A. (Perry) Chedel. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Pomfret, and Vermont State 
Normal School at Randolph. In 1873 
married N. Jennie Brooks of Stockbridge; 
they have three children, Maud E. (Mrs. 
G. "S. Hodgkins), Annie L. (Mrs. H. F. 
Waldo), and Alice K. Taught school in 
Vermont and Illinois several terms from 
1868 to 1871 ; carried on farming at Pom- 
fret 1872-81; in 1881 moved to Gaysville 
in Stockbrdge, and entered the mercantile 
business in which he is now engaged. A 
Republican; represented Stockbridge in 
the Legislature 1904 and 1906; superin- 
tendent of schools three years in Pomfret; 
has been town clerk and treasurer of 
Stockbridge continuously since 1887. Mem- 
ber of the Christian Church. Past noble 
grand and past district deputy grand mas- 
ter of Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; 
member of the Grange ; has been master 
of subordinate and Pomona Granges. 

CHENEY, Albertus A., Lyndonville. 
Physician. Born Albany, Sept. 30, 1862; 
son of Augustus G. and Sylvia M. (Page) 
Cheney. Educated at Albany and St. 
Johnsbury Academies, Rush Medical Col- 
lege. Chicago, and Medical Department 
LTniversity of Vermont. In 1888 married 
Ida L. Lyon of Craftsbury; they had five 
children, Phillip and Phyllis (died in in- 
fancy), Paul E., INIaurice L., and Donald. 
Began practice of medicine at West Burke, 
August. 1887; removed to Lyndonville, 
December, 1892; has been in practice there 
since. Member of firm of Cheney Bros., 
druggists. A Democrat. In religious pref- 
erence a Congregationalist. Member of 
County. Vermont State, and American 
Medical Societies; and of Crescent Lodge, 
F. & A. M. 





CHENEY, George F., St. Johnsbury. 
Dental surgeon. Born Lunenburg, Nov. 
7, 1854; son of Lieut. Nathan C. and 
Miranda (Powers) Cheney. Educated in 
the public schools. St. Johnsbury Acad- 
emy, and a graduate of Philadelphia Den- 
tal' College, 1883. In 1886 married 
Persis H. Peabody of St. Johnsbury; she 
died 1895; in ISpT married Mrs. Emma 
Smith Peters of Randolph. Followed the 
occupation of telegraph operator for a few 
years. After graduating in dentistry 
"formed a partnership with Dr. Charles D. 
Newell of St. Johnsbury. taking the full 
practice from Dr. Newell 1885, and con- 
tinuing that practice since. Has been 
president of Vermont State Dental So- 
ciety, and New England Dental Associa- 
tion; member of Northeastern Dental As- 
sociation ; member of the state board of 
dental examiners for 15 years, secretary 
of same for 10 years. A Republican. 
Member of the Congregational Church. 
Past master of Passumpsic Lodge No. 27, 
F. & A. M., St. Johnsbury; member Has- 
well Chapter. R. A. M.; past commander 
of Palestine Commandery No. 5, K. T.; 
l6th degree Scottish Rite Mason; and 
member of Mount Sinai Temple, ^Mystic 

CHENEY, Thomas Charles, Morris- 
ville. Lawyer. Born Morrisville, Oct. 
10, 1868; son of William Stevens and 
Mary Emerson (Gates) Chene3\ Gradu- 
ated from People's Academy, Morrisville, 
class of 1886, and University of Vermont, 
class of 1891. In 1896 married May L. 
Terrill of Middletown, Conn. Studied 
law in the office of Judge George M. Pow- 
ers; admitted to Vermont Bar 1895; 
formed partnership with Judge Powers, 
which continued until he was appointed 
to the supreme court bench. Director of 
the Vermont Mutual Fire Insurance Co. 
.since 19"1, and vice-president of same 
.since 1;H)7. A Republican; states attor- 
ney of Lamoille County 1898-1900; mes- 
senger in secretary of state's office 1892- 
4; second assistant clerk of house of re])- 
resentatives 1891-; first assistant 1896; 
clerk 1898-1906; represented Morristowji 
in the Legislatures of I906 and 1908, and 
spe.'ikfT of the house during that period, 
Ixing fhcted to the jjosition each term 
by the unanimous votes of both Rej)ubli- 
cans and Democrats. A Congregationalist. 
Member of \'ermont Alfjha of Plii Delta 

Theta; Mt. Vernon Lodge No. 8, F. & 
A. M.; Tucker Chapter No. 15, R. A. M.; 
Lamoille Commandery No. 13, K. T.; Mt. 
Sinai Temple, A. A.'O. N. M. S.; Rath- 
bone Lodge No. 24, K. P.; Pastime Club 
of Morrisville; Vermont Bar Association, 
and Vermont Historical Association. 

CHESTER, Fred H., Windsor. Hotel 
keeper. Born Laconia, N. H., June 17, 
1856; son of Charles T. and Mary (Pat- 
ten) Chester. Educated in the public 
schools. In 1884 married Mary A. Mere- 
dith of Boston; they had one son, Francis 
Meredith (deceased), and two daughters, 
Winnifred M. and Jessie Marie. Chief 
clerk Pemigewassett House, Plymouth, N, 
H., three years; engaged in railroad busi- 
ness eight years ; manager Glen House, 
White Mountains, two years; the Alcazar, 
St. Augustine, Fla., two years; Mascono- 
mo House, Manchester-by-the-Sea, Mass., 
two years ; the Tuileries and Empire Ho- 
tels, Boston, two years; Hotel Brunswick, 
Boston, ten years ; proprietor Senter 
House, Center Harbor, N. H., one year; 
and Windsor Hotel, Windsor, since I906. 
A Republican. An Episcopalian. Mem- 
ber Heptasophs' Association; Hotel Men's 
Mutual Benevolent Association of the Uni- 
ted States; Massachusetts Hotel Associa- 
tion; and the Independent Order of Odd 

CHITTENDEN, Edward Alonzo, St. 
Albans. Banker. Born Williston, Aug. 
8, 1841; son of Truman Alonzo and Bet- 
sey (Rhodes) Chittenden; great grandson 
of Thomas Chittenden, first governor of 
Vermont. Educated in the public schools 
and W^illiston Academy. In 1871 married 
Achsa A. North of Champlain, N. Y. Was 
clerk Vermont & Canada Railroad, Rouses 
Point, N. Y., 1864-66; agent Vermont 
Central and Vermont & Canada Railroad 
1866-1870; assistant lost-freight car and 
claim agent White River .Junction, 1870- 
1 ; lost-freight car and claim agent, Ver- 
mont Central line, 1871-8; superintendent 
local and joint freight traffic, Central Ver- 
mont Railroad, St. Albans, 1878-92, and 
general freight agent 1892-9; director 
Pe()))les' Trust Co. since 1899; director 
We]d(;n National Bank since 1902, and 
vic(-j)resid(nt since 1904; member and 
chairn)an Bellows Free Academy Fund 
since I9OO; ex-president New Eng- 
land General Freight Agents' Associa- 




tion ; ex-president and founder Can- 
adian General Freight Agents' Associa- 
tion. A Republican ; chief" inspector of 
elections. Champlain, N. Y., 1866; aide- 
de-camp with rank of colonel on staff of 
Gov. Horace Fairbanks 1 876-8 ; assistant 
judge Franklin County court 1900-7. An 
Episcopalian, and ex-vestryman. Junior 
warden Franklin I>odge No. 4, F. & A. M., 
St. Albans ; past high priest and minor 
offices in Royal x\rch Chapter, and a 
Knight Templar. Charter member, or- 
ganizer and first president Vermont Soci- 
ety Sons of American Revolution ; charter 
member, organizer and first deputy gover- 
nor-general Society of Colonial Wars in 
the State of Vermont; life member in Xew 
York and organizer in Vermont of For- 
eign Wars Society. 

CHITTENDEN, Merritt Darrow, 
Burlington. Educator. Born Johnson, 
P'eb. 18, 1874'; son of Heman Bethuel and 
Emma (Darrow) Chittenden. The history 
of the Chittenden family in Vermont dates 
back to the days of Governor Thomas 
Chittenden, and the Rev. Bethel Chitten- 
den, the first itinerant Episcopal clergy- 
man in the state. Graduated from Swan- 
ton High School 1 890 ; University of Ver- 
mont, with degree of A. B., 1894; in 1898 
took a special course in the Harvard sum- 
mer school; in 1902 the Cottage City sum- 
mer school at Martha's Vineyard, and the 
1911 course at Columbia University sum- 
mer session. In 1901 married Gertrude 
M. Cahee of Brandon; they have one 
daughter, Elizabeth F. Was principal 
Underbill graded school 1 895-6 ; Roches- 
ter high school, 1 896-8 ; principal of the 
Brandon graded and high school 1898- 
1904; in 1904 opened and organized Bel- 
lows Free Academy at Fairfax, an insti- 
tution endowed with $225,000; in I9O8 
appointed principal of Burlington High 
School, continuing to date. A Republican. 
Member of EpiscojDal Church. Member 
Delta Psi fraternity (U. V. M.) ; in 1905 
president of Vermont Schoolmasters' Club, 
and examiner of teachers of Franklin 
County; 1907-8 president of Franklin 
County Teachers' Association. A 32 de- 
gree Mason, member of Knights Templar, 
Scottish Rite and Shrine; Vermont State 
Teachers' Association ; American Institute 
of Instruction and National Educational 

CHURCH, Carletox O., Whiting. 
Farmer and dealer in real estate. Born 
Leicester, July 18, 1868; son of Charles 
Franklin and Fannie Annette (Roberts) 
Church. Educated in the public schools, 
Brandon and Middlebury High Schools, 
and Eastman's Business College, Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. Mr. Church is unmarried. 
The principal part of his life has been de- 
voted to exporting cattle and merino sheep 
to Australia and South Africa; dealer in 
Long Island real estate. Is a Republican; 
represented Whitiner in the Legislature 
19O8. Member of Union Lodge No. 2, 
F. & A. M., of Middlebury, and a Knight 

CHURCHILL, George A., Burlington. 
Druggist. Born Hudson Falls, N. Y., 
May 16, 1868; son of Frank A. and Mary 
M. (Schaffer) Churchill. Educated at 
Hudson Falls High School. In 1908 mar- 
ried Lucile Tobey of Burlington ; they had 
one daughter, Frances Loraine (deceased). 
Learned jeweler's trade in Hudson Falls, 
N. Y., where he was engaged two 
years ; machinists' trade in Schenec- 
tady where he was employed three years ; 
and learned pharmacy in Rutland, where 
he was engaged eight years ; came to Bur- 
lington in I896, and succeeded Geo. L. 
LaFountain & Co., druggists, continuing 
business since. A Republican. In relig- 
ious preference a Methodist. Member of 
Washington Lodge No. 3, F. & A. ]M. ; 
Burlington Chapter No. 3, R. A. M. ; Bur- 
lington Commandery No. 2, Knights Tem- 
plar; Cairo Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S. ; 
I-ake Champlain Yacht Club; Ethan Allen 
Club; and charter member Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks. 

CLARK, Charles Edgar, Grecnfieh]. 
Mass. Naval officer. Born Bradford, An^. 
10, 1843; son of James Dayton and Mary 
Sexton Clark. Educated in thi» public 
schools. Bradford Acadeniv. and Naval 
Academy 1860-3; LL. D. Un-.vcrsity of 
Pennsylvania 1905. In 1869 married 
Maria Louise Davis of Greenfield, Mass ; 
tliev have two daughters, Mary Louisa 
(married Commander S. S. Robinson, L'. 
S. N.) ; and Caroline Russell (married 
Commander C. F. Hughes, U. S. N.). 
Entered Naval Academy .it Annajjolis. 
Sept. 29. I860; advanced to rank of en- 
sign Nov. 1 . 1 863 ; ordered to the Os- 




sipee and served iia her the last two years 
ot the civil war, taking part in the battle 
of Mobile Bay. and in the attack upon 
Fort Morgan, commanding the quarter- 
deck division; assigned to steamer Van- 
derbilt of the Pacific squadron. 1S65-8, 
where he witnessed the battle of Callao 
and bombardment of Valparaiso; as lieu- 
ttnant-commander was wrecked in the 
Suwanee in lS(iS near Vancouver Island; 
West India Station, 1869-70; Naval 
Academy 1870-3; China Station 1871-7; 
shore duty 1878-81; pronioted to com- 
mander Nov. lo, 1881; New Hampsliire 
line of battleship 18.82; Ranger, Nortli 
Pacific, 1883-6, in charge of the survey 
of west coast of Mexico and Central 
America ; shore and sea duty till 1 891 ; 
commanded patrol fleet in Behring Sea 
189^; promoted to captain June 21, 
1 896 ; shore and sea duty till ^larch, 
1 898 ; took command of battleship Ore- 
gon March 14, 1898, then in Puget Sound, 
sailed March 19, from San Francisco, ar- 
riving at Jupiter Inlet. Florida, May 24, 
1898, a distance of 16,764 miles in 55 
days of actual steaming, without acci- 
dent, the most remarkable voyage in steam 
marine annals; joined fleet at Key West 
and on May 25, took part in the bom- 
bardment of Santiago and in the battle of 
Santiago, July 3, 1898, when the Span- 
ish fleet essayed its passage out of San- 
tiago harbor. Here the Oregon was at 
the head of the line of battleships, Capt. 
Clark on the forward turret, and en- 
gaged each of the enemy's vessels until 
they were destroyed, a total of 1776 shots 
being delivered from her guns. Detached 
from Oregon Aug. 6, 1898, on duty at 
League Island navy yard, at Naval Home, 
and on examining and returning boards 
until retired on Aug. 10, 1905, as senior 
rear admiral. Washington, D. C. ad- 
dress. "The Ontario." 

CLARK, Ernest Frank, Groton. Grain 
dealer. Born Groton, Aug. 6, 1883; son 
of Benjamin F. and Emma J. (Coffin) 
Clark. Educated in the public schools, 
Montpelier High School, class of 1902, 
and Worcester Academy, Worcester, Mass., 
class of 1903. In 1903 married Minnie 
G. Adams of Groton ; they have two chil- 
dren, Benjamin Franklin and Ruby Emma. 
Began business life as clerk in general 
storf for Hall & Cochran, Groton; in 1905 
went into partnership with R. A. David- 

son, forming the firm of Clark & David- 
son; in 19O8 they built the electric light 
plant known as the Clark & Davidson 
electric light and power plant; is secre- 
tary and treasurer of Groton Electric Co. 
Is a Democrat; was town treasurer 1909; 
is village clerk; has been village trustee 
since 1907, when the village was incor- 
porated. Member of the Methodist Church. 
Member of Pulaski Lodge No. 58, F. & 
A. M., Wells River; Palestine Command- 
ery No. 5, K. T., St. Johnsbury; Mt. 
Sinai Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., Mont- 
pelier; a 32 degree Scottish Rite Mason; 
past chancellor Caledonian Lodge No. 15, 
K. P., Groton; past counselor Camp No. 
8514, Modern Woodmen of America, of 

CLARK, Frederick Chapin, Brattle- 
boro. Merchant. Born Marlboro, April 
20, 1868; son of William Frederick and 
Emma A. (Reed) Clark. Educated in the 
public schools. In 1907 married Bertha 
A. Houghton of Brattleboro. Came to 
Brattleboro in 1888 and engaged as clerk 
in Pullen Bros.' grocery store, later 
changed to A. J. Pullen, and later Pullen 
& Whitney, and E. D. Whitney. As part- 
ner of J. Warren Miller, succeeded Mr. 
Whitney in 1897, as Clark & Miller in 
1 899 purchased Mr. Miller's interest, since 
conducting business alone, and with no 
change of location during the 23 years. 
A Republican. A Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber of Brattleboro Lodge of Masons and 
the Vermont Wheel Club. 

CLARK, George Washington, Morris- 
ville. Real estate and cattle dealer. Born 
Hyde Park, June 10, 1846; son of Chester 
and Elvira (Crosby) Clark. Educated, at 
Stowe High School, and People's Acad- 
emy, Morrisville. In 1889 married May 
H. Noyes of Morrisville; she died 1891; 
they had one daughter, Ruth; in 1905 mar- 
ried Blanche M. Atwood of Stowe; they 
have two children, Francis Atwood and 
May Elvira. For about 30 years engaged 
in the purchase and sale of farm produce, 
mostly cattle, sheep, and wool ; later has 
dealt also in real estate; from 1880-4 was 
partner of Hon. Amory Davison of Crafts- 
bury, buying and selling cattle extensively 
in Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecti- 
cut. Is a Republican ; represented Mor- 
ristown in the Legislature 1910; has been 
a member for Lamoille County of the Re- 




publican committee of the first congres- 
sional district for 1 2 years ; notary public 
many years ; member of cemetery commit- 
tee 20 years; board of village trustees 
three years ; and superintendent of the 
poor four years. Is a Congregationalist; 
one of the prudential committee eight 
years. Member of ^It. Vernon Lodge No. 
8, F. & A. M.; Tucker Chapter No. 15, 
R. A. M.; Coral Chapter No. l6, O. E. S.; 
Lamoille Commandery No. 13, K. T. ; La- 
moille Grange; and Modern Woodmen of 

CLARK, Harry Elias, Halifax. Mill- 
man. Born Halifax, Aug. 7, 1886; son 
of Charles F. and May T. (Stone) Clark. 
Educated at Arms Academy, Shelburne 
Falls, Mass. Since the age of 21 has 
been extensively engaged in the manufac- 
ture of rough lumber and chair stock. A 
Republican. A Baptist. Worshipful mas- 
ter of Unity Lodge No. 89, F. & A. M., 
of Jacksonville. Post-office address. Elm- 
grove, ]\Iass. 

CLARK, JoHX Calvin, St. Johnsbury. 
Treasurer and general manager. Born 
Lunenburg, June 3, 1852; son of John 
Spencer and Eliza Ann (Robinson) Clark. 
Educated in the public schools of Newton, 
Mass., and public and private schools at 
Detroit, Mich. In 1881 married Lida 
Ella Puffer of Chelsea; they have four 
children, Robert Puffer, Margaret Robin- 
son, Arthur Dana, and Dorothea Clark. 
Entered First National Bank, St. Johns- 
bury, 1870; appointed cashier of First 
National Bank, Chelsea, 1873; assistant 
cashier First National Bank, St. Johns- 
bury, 1883; cashier 1886; treasurer of E. 
& T. Fairbanks & Co. 1893; secretary and 
director 1895; general manager 1911; now 
holds these several offices in the company ; 
director First National Bank since 1893; 
director, secretary, and treasurer of St. 
Johnsbury Electric Co. ; director and treas- 
urer of E. & T. Fairbanks & Co., Ltd., 
Sherbrooke, P. Q. Is a Republican; rep- 
resented St. Johnsbury in the Legislature 
1 SQ-i. Member of the Congregational 

CLARK, Osmax Dewey. Montpelier. 
Insurance. Born Montpelier, Nov. 26, 
1855 ; son of John Wesley and Betsey Ann 
(Dewey) Clark. Educated in the Mont- 
pelier public schools, and Amherst College, 

class of 1876. In 1882 married Elizabeth 
DeWitt Atkins of Montpelier; they had 
two children, DeWitt Atkins and Bar- 
bara; in 1902 married Lucy Harriet 
Jacobs of Montpelier. Admitted to Ver- 
mont Bar 1879; practiced law and was 
trial justice, MontiDelier, 1879-84; assist- 
ant secretary National Life Insurance 
Co. 1885-99; secretary since 1899; and a 
director of the company; bailiff, Montpel- 
ier, 1882-4; chief of fire dejDartment, 1890- 
9- Was colonel 1st Vermont Volunteer 
Infantry, Spanish-American war. Is a 
Republican; member of JNIontpelier Re- 
publican Committee I88O-I9OO; State Re- 
publican Committee 1900-2. Is an Epis- 
copalian; clerk of Christ Church Parish 
1885-1906. Member of Aurora Lodge, 
King Solomon Chapter, Montpelier Coun- 
cil, Mt. Zion Commandery, Mt. Sinai 
Temple; member of Military Order of 
Foreign Wars, past commander of Com- 
mandery of Vermont and present deputy 
treasurer of National Commandery; mem- 
ber Sons of American Revolution and 
Loyal Legion; past president Apollo Club; 
member Montpelier Country Club; past 
president Vermont State Firemen's Asso- 
ciation; trustee of Wood Art Gallery and 
its secretary-treasurer. 

CLARKE, John Murray, Burlington. 
Physician. Born Concord, Sept. 21, 
1846; son of Charles Chapman and Alice 
(Marsh) Clarke. Educated in public 
schools of Massachusetts, Green Moun- 
tain Institute, South Woodstock, Harvard 
Medical College, and University of Ver- 
mont Medical College, M. D. 1873. In 
1874 married Julia Gleason of Hartford, 
Conn.; they had three children, John Mur- 
ray (deceased), Julia G. (deceased), and 
xllice Gleason, wife of Edward P. Wood- 
bury of Burlington. Served as interne one 
year in city hospital at Hartford, Conn.; 
joined medical staff at the Brattleboro 
Asylum 1872 as second assistant physi- 
cian, the following year being promoted 
to first assistant superintendent, remain- 
ing there 10 years; 1882 removed to Bur- 
lington and established Lake View Sani- 
tarium for the treatment of nervous and 
mild mental diseases, continuing the insti- 
tution to 1904; since then has devoted his 
time and experience to consultation work 
in mental diseases. Is a Republican; al- 
derman four years; chairman of commis- 
sion to install city water filtration plant. 
Is a Unitarian; served on church commit- 




tee six years. Member of all Masonic 
bodies; past master, past high priest, and 
past eminent commander; 3-2 degrees 
Scottish Rite; member of Cairo Temple, 
Mvstic Shrine; president Vermont State 
Medical Society ISSS. 

CLAY, George M.. Brattleboro. In- 
surance. Born North Thetford, Aug. -i, 
I8t)9; son of Benjamin M. and Ellen 
(Heath) Clay. Graduated Brattleboro 
High School, 1888. In 1896 married 
Maud R. Brown of Brattleboro; they have 
one daughter, Eleanor. Commenced busi- 
ness with F. k. Barrows, dry goods, 1886; 
entered employ of Pratt, Wright & Co., 
clothiers, upon graduation from high 
school; with Cumner, Jones & Co., whole- 
sale tailors' trimmings, Boston, October, 
1889; at death of father, went to Brat- 
tleboro, with Emerson & Son, March, 
1901 ; entered office Estey Organ Co., Bos- 
ton. Jan. 1, 1903; traveling salesman for 
that concern two years later; Jan. 1, 1909, 
entered office H. E. Taylor & Son, Brat- 
tleboro, as special agent National Life 
Insurance Co.; bought insurance business 
from estate of C. F. R. Jenne, June 6, 
1905. Is a Republican, a Congregation- 
alist. and deacon of Center Church, Brat- 
tleboro, since Jan. 1, I906. Member of 
all Brattleboro Masonic bodies, and Lodge 
of Perfection at Windsor; past master of 
Brattleboro Lodge No. 102, F. & A. M.; 
generalissimo of Beauseant Commandery 
No. 7, K. T. ; member Wantastiquet Lodge 
No. 5, I. O. O. F. 

CLEAVES, Kendall Longfellow, 
Montpelier. Dental surgeon. Born Ad- 
dison, Me., Nov. 1, 1867; son of Benjamin 
Franklin and Angeline H. Cleaves. Grad- 
uated from Philadelphia Dental College 
I&90. In 1897 married Harriet Foster of 
East Montpelier; they have three children, 
Kendall Foster, Paul Longefelluw, and 
Katlierine. Has practiced dentistry in 
Montpelier .since 1891; dental examiner 
for 1 5 years ; member of Vermont State 
Dental Society, its president in 1899; 
rnfrnber Northeastern Dental Association. 
A R<f>ublican. Member of the Unitarian 
Cliurdi. Member of Aurora Lodge Xo. 
22. F. Si A. >L ; King .Solomon Chapter 
No. 7. R. A. ^L ; Montpelier Council Xo. 
1. R. Ac S. M.; Mt. Sinai Temple, Nobles 
of the Mystic Shrine; and the Apollo Club 
of Montpelier. 

CLIFT, Edwin Buxton, Fair Haven. 
Physician and surgeon. Born Middletown 
Springs, May 25, 1868; son of Crocker 
Josiah and Mary Jane (Buxton) Clift, 
Educated in the public schools, Troy Con- 
ference Academy, Middlebury College, 
I89O, and Hahnemann Medical College, 
Philadelphia, 19OO. In 1890 married Lou- 
ise H. Edgerton of Middlebury; they had 
two children, Helen Seymour and Sybil 
(deceased). Instructor in mathematics 
Black Hall School, Black Hall, Conn., 
1 890-91 ; in mathematics and history, Gary 
Seminary, 1891-96; with W. A. Wells & 
Co., Muchakinock, la., 1896-7; physician 
Fair Haven since 1900. A Democrat; 
candidate for town representative 1902; 
candidate for representative to Congress 
19O8. Member of Protestant Episcopal 
Church. Member of Vermont Homeo- 
pathic Medical Society; American Insti- 
tute of Homeopathy; Union Lodge No. 2, 
F. &. A. M. of Middlebury; Eureka Chap- 
ter No. 30, R. A. M., of Fair Haven; 
Killington Commandery No. 6, K. T., of 
Rutland; Fair Haven Lodge No. 52, I. O. 
O. F.; Prospect Grange of Fair Haven; 
and Green Mountain Camp No. 9535, 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

COBB, Luther A., Island Pond. Bank- 
er. Born Morgan ; son of Ira L. and 
Mira (Lord) Cobb. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools and St. Johnsbury Academy, 
graduate of the class of 1890. In 1890 
was appointed bookkeeper in the Island 
Pond National Bank, later becoming as- 
sistant cashier, then cashier, which posi- 
tion he still holds. Is a Republican; rep- 
resented Island Pond in the Legislature 
1906; was appointed bank commissioner 
by Governor Bell in 1904, and reappointed 
in 1906. In religious belief a Congrega- 
tionalist. Past master Island Pond Lodge 
No. 44, F. & A. M. 

COBLEIGH, Adna B., West Derby. 
Merchant. Born West Burke, July 3, 
1 877 ; son of Freedom S. and Laura 
(Beemis) Cobleigh. Educated at Derby 
Academy. In 189.9 married Carrie B. De- 
land of Lyme, N. H.; they have two chil- 
dren, I>aura I. and Leota P.; worked as 
clerk in store at Thetford, 1893-7; 
bought a general store at West Derby, 
1902; and has continued in business there 
to present time. Is a Republican ; post- 
master at West Derby, 1902-6, and I910 




to date ; represented Derby in the Vermont 
Legislature 1906; selectman since 1908; 
member of Republican town committee 
1904-6. In religious belief a Universalist. 
Member of Evening Star Lodge No. 89, 
I. O. O. F.; and West Derby Camp No. 
11079, Modern Woodmen of America. 

COLBURN, Edgar Grant, Montpel- 
ier. Merchant. Born ^Nlarshfield, Feb. 9, 
1864; son of Arthur T. and Susan W. 
(Batchelder) Colburn. Educated in the 
public schools. Married Fannie E. Brown 
of Lebanon, N. H. ; they have one son, 
Elbert B. Engaged in farming until 1891 ; 
was foreman for John E. Hubbard four 
years; clerk for O. D. Scribner, pork 
dealer, 12 years previous to 1907, when 
in partnership with E. J. Fallon he bought 
the business, which they have since con- 
ducted. Is a Republican. Member and 
deacon of the Congregational Church; su- 
perintendent of the Sunday-School four 
years. Member of the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows. 

COLBURN, Zerah, Norwich. Arith- 
metical prodigy, minister and educator. 
Born Cabot, Sept. 1, 1804; son of Abia 
and Elizabeth (Hill) Colburn. Educated 
at Westminster school, England; the 
Royal College, Paris ; and the University 
of Vermont. In 1829 married Mary Hoyt 
of Hartford. Had five daughters and one 
son. Miss Jane Colburn of Concord, N. 
H., the only survivor. When six years 
old he was surprisingly gifted as an arith- 
metical calculator. Was exhibited in Ver- 
mont, and later went on an extended tour. 
At Hanover, N. H., President Wheelock 
of Dartmouth College offered to educate 
him. In Boston problems were answered 
sooner than could be done on paper. He 
found the number of seconds in 2,000 
years, and the number of times a clock 
would strike in 2,000 years making 156 
strokes each day. Told the number of 
kernels of corn in a field on being given 
the number of acres, rows, hills, ears and 
kernels on an ear. Is reported to have 
answered in four seconds the number of 
seconds in eleven years. He extracted 
square and cube roots with ease. His 
work on occasions of exhibition was done 
entirely by mental process. Some Bos- 
tonians talked of raising $5,000 for his 
education, but the plan fell through. In 
Philadelphia Rembrandt Peele painted 

a portrait of him. Visited Washington, 
and on the way back with considerable 
money derived from exhibitions, the 
father, by a timely discovery, averted a 
plan to rob him at a New York inn. Re- 
turning to Vermont, stayed a brief time, 
left .$500 with his wife, and then traveled 
in other states. In 1812 they began a 
voyage of 38 days to England, with let- 
ters of introduction from ex-Gov. Gerry 
of ^Massachusetts, Hon. Rufus King and 
others. The boy's reputation had preceded 
him. Many wished to see for themselves. 
The philanthropist, Wm. Wilberforce, 
showed a personal interest in his moral 
welfare. Many persons of rank and learn- 
ing called to see him. Among them were 
the Bishop of Oxford, the Duke of Glou- 
cester, the Earl of Aberdeen, the Prin- 
cess Charlotte with her tutor, and Sir 
Humphrey Davy. He gave public exhi- 
bitions. Asked to square 888.888, he gave 
the correct result in twelve figures, and 
then multiplied this product by 49. His 
most remarkable power seemed to be in 
factoring. He would give all the factors 
of some large numbers. Asked to factor 
36.083 he at once said it was a jDrime 
number. Given a certain number of ten 
figures, which had baffled some good math- 
ematicians, he found mentally the only 
two factors which it had. being 641 and 
6.700.417. His calculations combined 
great rapidity, accuracy, peculiar methods, 
unfailing memory and an intuitive power 
in some operations, which he could not 
impart or explain. Sometimes, when do- 
ing his most difficult tasks, he, like the 
Royalton boy prodigy, Truman H. Saf- 
ford, would go through bodily contor- 
tions, though not himself realizing anv 
mental strain. In visits to Scotland and 
Ireland men of science were attracted. In 
1814 a private tutor was engaged. Taken 
from London to Paris, a French tutor was 
employed for a few months. The boy 
was examined before members of the 
French Institute, the astronomer. La 
Place, being present. Dr. Gall, the phre- 
nologist, desired to make a plaster cast 
of his face. Count Guizot mentioned him 
with commendation in his Annals of Edu- 
cation. Washington Irving, then in Paris, 
proved to be a good friend, and promoted 
his education and advancement. He was 
admitted to the Royal College May 30, 
1815. Napoleon desired to meet him, but 
the battle of Waterloo prevented. In 




1816 Zerah's father took him back to Lon- 
don. There their livelihood had been ob- 
tained partly from public exhibitions, the 
sale of engraved portraits and the patron- 
age of ^vealthy people. Advance subscrip- 
tions had also been obtained for a pro- 
posed memoir of the boy and his achieve- 
ments. Their pecuniary condition on their 
return was precarious; but fortunately 
they made the acquaintance of the good 
and generous Earl of Bristol, who proved 
to be one of the best friends Zerah ever 
liad. He sent him to the old Westminster 
school with a view to give him a full 
course. He remained there three years, 
and his standing was excellent. He had 
a tutor for two vacations. He quit the 
school May, 1819. very grateful for what 
had been done for him, but unwilling to 
accept a new plan of the Earl to continue 
his education under a tutor, whom he had 
considered harsh and unreasonable. He 
next studied for the stage, and acted in 
some plays. In 1821-2 he was a school 
teacher. In 1823 he studied under Dr. 
Thomas Young, secretary of the Board 
of Longitude; became his associate in 
1824. and made astronomical calculations, 
a position which afforded scope for the 
useful exercise of his special talent. Soon 
thereafter his father died, and the young- 
man sailed for New York, after an ab- 
sence of more than 12 years. On meeting 
his mother at Cabot they did not know 
cne another. In January, 1823, he went 
to Burlington, where he received pupils 
in French, and was a student in the Uni- 
versity of Vermont; became a member of 
the Methodist Church, and preached in 
Vermont towns about nine years. He is 
said to have been a preacher of eloquence, 
depth and power. In 183.5 he became pro- 
fessor of languages in Norwich Univer- 
sity, in which occupation his last years 
were spent. He died of consumption, 
March 2, 1 839, and was buried in Nor- 
wich Centre. He has often been con- 
founded with Warren Colburn (1793- 
1833;. the author of the well-known "In- 
t'rllrctual Arithmetic." They are not 
known to have been related. Zerah Col- 
burn never published an arithmetic, 
though in his autobiography (Springfield, 
Mass.. 1833) he made known in part bis 
rnfthods. Years after his pul)]ie demon- 
strations he declared that his faculty in 
ninnbrrs never left him, though require- 
ing more time when out of practice. He 

was an honorary member of the Society 
of L'nited Fraternity of Dartmouth Col- 
lege. [Contributed by Rev. Franklin W. 
Bartlett, D. D., Rockport. Mass.] 

COLE, Leonard Townsend, Morris- 
town. Educator and clergyman. Born 
Pulaski, Mich., Jan. 22, 1855; son of 
Archibald Lamont and ]\Iary Ann (Towns- 
end) Cole; descended on both sides from 
soldiers of the American Revolution; and 
his father was killed at an assault on 
Petersburg, Va., in 1864. Educated at 
Pike Seminary, Pike, N. Y. ; State Normal 
and Training School, Brockport, N. Y. ; 
Colgate University, Hamilton, N. Y. ; Il- 
linois Wesleyan University, Bloomington, 
111.; ]\Iiddlebury College; degrees of Ph. 
B. and A. INI., the latter for postgraduate 
work. In 1881 married Hattie Claire 
Mills of Hamilton, N. Y., who died 1885; 
they had one son, Archibald Lamont Clin- 
ton; in 1886 married Mary Ella Evans 
of Stafford, N. Y.; they had four chil- 
dren, William James, Lillian Townsend, 
George Evans (deceased), and Mary Ella. 
Began teaching when 18 years of age; 
was principal of high schools and acade- 
mies in New York state 20 years; in 1883 
was U. S. mail clerk New York and Chi- 
cago Railway post-office; county school 
commissioner Lewis County, N. Y., three 
years; in 1905 bought farm in Morris- 
town, spending summer vacations there; 
supervising principal high and graded 
schools, Hamilton, N. D., four years; 
principal New Rockford Collegiate Insti- 
tute, New Rockford, N. D., one year; 
since 1910 superintendent of schools La- 
moille Union, comprising the towns of 
Elmore, Morristown, and Stowe. Entered 
the Northern New York Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, being or- 
dained 1 893 ; pastor of Methodist and Con- 
gregational churches at South Canton and 
Crary Mills, N. Y., 1888-93; Methodist 
churches Harrisville and Natural Bridge, 
N. Y., 1893-5; joined the Presbyterian 
Church 1 895 ; pastor Presbyterian and 
Congregational churches Brasher Falls and 
Winthrop, N. Y., 1895-1901; Hannawa 
Falls and Crary Mills, N. Y., 1901-3; 
Evans Mills, N. Y., 1904-5; and has sup- 
))lied Congregational churches in Stowe, 
Johnson, and Wolcott since 1910. Most 
of this ])astoral work was carried on in 
connection witli his educational work. 
Since his youth has written for the press 




on political^ educational, and religious top- 
ics; is a regular contributor of the West- 
land Educator; author of "The Develop- 
ment and Practical Work of the United 
States Government," now being recast as 
a school text-book on civics ; also wrote 
"Elements in the Life and Legacy of the 
Greeks/' and "Elements in the Life and 
Legacy of the Romans," now being worked 
over into text-books; has published "Pes- 
talozzi and his Principles of Education," 
and "Methods of Teaching in the Public 
Schools, the Old and the New"; 12 of his 
recommendations have been incorporated 
into the school laws of the state of New 
York; has delivered frequent lectures and 
addresses. iSIember of the Sons of Vet- 
erans, and chaplain of the New York di- 
vision 1886; member of the Patrons of 
Husbandry; the Masons; the Eastern 
Star ; the Odd Fellows ; the Delta Kappa 
Epsilon fraternity; was president of Lewis 
County, N. Y., Teachers' Association; 
president of Gamma Sigma fraternity 
1 876 ; director of the New York State 
Teachers' Reading Circle 1885-6; is mem- 
ber of New York, North Dakota, and 
Vermont educational associations ; vice- 
president of the Lamoille Valley Educa- 
tional Association ; member of the School- 
masters' Club of Vermont; the School Su- 
perintendents' Association of Vermont; 
and the National Education Association. 

COMBS, Byrox H., East Berkshire. 
Live stock dealer. Born Richford, June 
17, 1853; son of Reuben and Harriet 
(Farrar) Combs. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Richford. In 1878 married 
Addie Chamberlain of Stowe, who died in 
1887; they had two children, Bernie F. 
and Addie R. ; in 1896 married Mar}^ 
Chamberlain Farrar of Stowe, who died 
1912. Followed farming previous to the 
age of 28, when he began buying live stock 
in a small way which he has enlarged and 
continued to the present time ; removed to 
East Berkshire and purchased several 
farms devoted to dairying and maple 
sugar making. In 1905 built a small 
creamery, and in 1910 a larger one, con- 
ducting both to date, making about 25,000 
pounds of butter weekly, besides cream, 
etc. ; is an extensive dealer in Western 
horses; is one of the largest dairymen in 
the state; owns nine large farms, keeping 
400 cows besides other stock, and taps 

130,000 majile trees. Is a firm believer 
in the value of Vermont farms, with near- 
bj^ markets for produce, and the advan- 
tages offered to the farmer as compared 
to those in the Western states. A Re- 
publican; represented East Berkshire in 
the Legislature 1898; senator from Frank- 
lin County 1902, and held various other 
town offices. An attendant of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and member of 
the Grange. 

CONLIN, Henry, Winooski. Lawyer. 
Born Milton, June 25, 1867; son of Owen 
and Jane (Clinton) C'onlin. Educated in 
public schools and by private tutor. In 
1902 married Esther Agnes Welch of 
Winooski; they have one son, Henry Clin- 
ton. Was principal Winooski High and 
Graded Schools seven years ; superinten- 
dent of schools for village of Winooski 
since 1903. Is a Democrat; secretary and 
treasurer Democratic State Committee 
1902-9; represented Colchester in the 
Legislature 1896 and 1898. Chairman of 
the board of selectmen; clerk of the village 
of Winooski for nine years; a director 
Champlain Trust Company since its or- 
ganization 1907; treasurer of Winooski 
Free Library since 1907; appointed judge 
of Winooski Municipal Court by Governor 
Prouty, and reappointed by Governor 
Mead for term ending 1912. Is a Roman 
Catholic. A member of Vermont Bar As- 
sociation; Chittenden County Bar Asso- 
ciation; master of fourth degree Knights 
of Columbus of Vermont. 

COOK, Edgar R.. Barton. Coal and 
lumber dealer. Born Craftsbury; son of 
Emery and Calista (Record) Cook. Edu- 
cated in the public schools. In 1908 mar- 
ried Mabel L. Gay of Barton; they have 
one son, Howard L. Owned and operated 
a large farm until 1903; then moved to 
Barton village and bought the coal and 
lumber business of C. W. Tenney, adding 
to it a line of doors, windows, mouldings, 
house finishings, pulp plaster, clapboards, 
shingles, roofing, and brick; agent for Buf- 
falo, Bowker's and Lister's fertilizers. Is 
a Re]iublican; elected first constable in 
1901 and 19(^5; lister 1905; and selectman 
in 1911- -Member of the Methodist Church; 
steward, and has been superintendent of 
the Sunday school for five years. Mem- 
ber of Orleans Lodge No. 55, F. & A. M. ; 
and Crystal Lake Grange No. 411. 




COOK. Euwix A.. Lyndonville. Law- 
yer. Born Glover, Nov. Ip. 1856; son of 
Amos and Sarah (Norton) Cook. Edu- 
cated in the public schools, Orleans Lib- 
eral Institute, and St. Johnsbury Acad- 
emy. In 1885 married Carrie A. Morse 
of Glover. Studied law with Hon. F. W. 
Baldwin. Barton, and Judge L. H. Thomp- 
son of Irasburg; admitted to the Vermont 
Bar 1881; practiced law in Glover about 
six years, removing to Newport, where he 
practiced alone five years, and was one of 
the firm of Cook & Richmond two years, 
and of Cook & Williams ten years. In 
1909 came to Lyndonville. engaging in 
practice with H. A. Norton under the firm 
name of Cook & Norton. Is a Republi- 
can. States attorney for Orleans County 

COOLEY. Neil Vixton, Montpelier. 
Factory foreman. Born Stowe, July 31, 
1870; son of William A. and Fanny (Luce) 
Cooley. Educated in the public schools. 
In 1898 married Delia B. Wiggins of Mid- 
dlesex; they have one daughter, Clara E. 
Lived on a farm previous to 1891, when 
he was employed in the mill of C. C. 
Putnam & Son until 1893; foreman for 
Medad Wright & Son 1893-7; carpenter 
and builder 1897-1906; since 19O6 factory 
foreman for U. S. Clothes-pin Co. An 
attendant of the Unitarian Church. Mem- 
ber of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, and Mechanics or Green Mountain 
Council of Montpelier, No. 9- 

COPELAND, OsMON Baker, Ran- 
dolpli. Banker. Born Waitsfield, Feb. 
II, 1853; son of Andrew J. and Nancy 
J. (Goodrich) Copeland. Educated at 
Derby Academy and Montpelier Seminary. 
In 1875 married Kate A. Aj^plebee of Lit- 
tleton. N. H.; they have one son, Fred O. 
Was cashier Pemigewasset National Bank, 
Plymouth, N. H., 1881-6; secretary Win- 
ner Investment Company, Kansas City, 
Mo.. 1889-93; cashier National Bank of 
Orangf Count}', Chelsea, 1893-6; cashier 
fiandoljjh National Bank since 1896. Is 
a Kcjjiiblican. In rtligious belief a Meth- 

COHRV. Frank .M( Mahox, Montpel- 
ier. Mercliant and banker. Born Mont- 
I)elier. Sept. 15. 1855; son of Patrick and 
Mary Corry. Educated at Montpelier 
(trmntnnr School. M.irrifd Margaret Cot- 

ter; they have four children, William F., 
Florence E., Frank C, and Ruth A. W^hen 
a young man opened a small fruit, vege- 
table and fish market, which he still con- 
ducts. Is president First National Bank 
of Montpelier; Corry-Deavitt-Frost Elec- 
tric Co.; Barre and Montpelier Traction 
and Power Co.; Wetmore & Morse Gran- 
ite Co.; vice-president Union Block Co.; 
director American Fidelity Co. Is a Re- 
publican; has represented Montpelier in 
the Legislature; senator from Washington 
County; and mayor of Montpelier three 
terms. Is a Roman Catholic; member 
Catholic Order of Foresters, Knights of 
Columbus, the Apollo Club, and Mont- 
pelier Country Club. 

COTA, Charles Henry, St. Albans. 
Deputy collector of customs. Born 
Montreal, P. Q., Sept. 29, 1849; son of 
Ezeb and Mary (Nelson) Cota. Edu- 
cated in the public schools. Married 
^Jartha Ann Somers of Burlington; they 
hove two children, William J., of Bur- 
lington, and Anna Bell of New York 
City. At Cambridge, Aug. 13, 1864, en- 
listed in Co. B, 1st Vermont Cavalry, 
jiarticipating in engagements at the Ope- 
quan. Front Royal, Tom's Brook, Cedar 
Creek, Middle Road, Waynesboro, Five 
Forks, Namozine Church, and Appomat- 
tox Station ; discharged from service at 
Burlington June 21, 1865. A Democrat; 
deputy collector of U. S. customs since 
Dec. 1, I895. An Episcopalian. Mem- 
ber Frankhn Lodge No. 4, F. & A. M., 
and Champlain Chapter, R. A. M. 

COVELL, Arthur E., Berlin. Farmer 
and lumberman. Born Berlin, Aug. 22, 
1870; son of Stephen H. and Mary J. 
(Poor) Covell. Educated at Berlin pub- 
lic schools and Montpelier Seminary. In 
1910 married Clemmie Leone Sawyer 
of Northfield. For five years had charge 
of the independent telephone system in 
Montpelier, Northfield and adjacent 
towns, serving that length of time as a 
director in the Orange County Telephone 
Co. Was for three years member of Ver- 
mont National Guard. Is a Republican; 
represented Berlin in the Legislature 
1.904; elected selectman for nine consecu- 
tive years, 1899-1907; overseer of the 
))0(»r 1903-10. Member of the Grange; 
Clan Ciordon No. 12, Order of Scottish 
Clans; New England Order of Protec- 




tion; Montpelier Lodge, Knights of Py- 
thias; and Suadah Temple No. 140, Dra- 
matic Order of Knights of Khorassan. 

COWAN, Garnet C, Groton. Dental 
surgeon. Born Lingwick, P. Q., Nov. 
25, 1875; son of Randal Y. and Sarah 
(Young) Cowan. Educated at Gould 
Model School, Quebec; Peacham Academy, 
class of 1901, and Medico-Chirurgical Col- 
lege, Philadelphia, Pa., graduating in den- 
tal surgery' 1904. In 1907 married The- 
resa B. Darling of South Ryegate. Has 
been engaged in the practice of dentistry 
in Groton since 1905. A member of the 
Episcopal Church. Member of Pulaski 
Lodge No. 58, F. & A. M., Wells River; 
Mt. Lebanon R. A. Chapter No. 13, Brad- 
ford; past chancellor Caledonian Lodge 
No. 15, K. P.; member of Groton Camp 
No. 8514, M. W. A., of Groton, and Cale- 
donian Forest and Stream Club. 

COWLES, Clarence Porter, Burling- 
ton. Lawyer. Born Albany, Aug. 30, 
1875; son of Madison and Mary (Hovey) 
Cowles. Educated at Albany public 
schools, Craftsbury Academy, St. Johns- 
bury Academy, class of 1894, Princeton 
University, class of 1898, A. B. (M. A. 
in 1901), and New York Law School, 
class of 1901, LL. B. In 1905 married 
Laura E. Golden of Minneapolis, Minn.; 
they have three sons, Laurence Golden, 
Richard Hovey, and John Todd. Ad- 
mitted to New York Bar 1901 ; was for 
two years managing clerk in law offices 
of Alexander & Colby, New York City; 
came to Burlington in 1 903 ; admitted to 
Vermont Bar, January term, 1904; the 
same year formed a law partnership with 
Sherman R. Moulton under firm name of 
Cowles & Moulton; in 191I Jos. T. 
Stearns was taken into the partnership, 
and in 1912 Mr. Moulton withdrew, the 
firm now being Cowles & Stearns. Is a 
Republican; alderman since 1909- Mem- 
ber of College Street Congregational 
Church. Member of Meridian Sun Lodge 
No. 20, F. & A. M., of Craftsbury. 

COWLES, Dennison, Brattleboro. 
Merchant. Born Westfield, Mass., Aug. 
27, 1864; son of Rodney C. and Eliza P. 
(Kellogg) Cowles. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools. In 1897 married Lucie I. 
Brackett of Brattleboro; they have two 
children, Adele Adelaide and Dennison 

Brackett. Engaged in farming until 
1884, when he was employed in a hard- 
ware store in Westfield; in 1890 came to 
Brattleboro, and " in partnership with 
Charles O. Robbins oj^ened a hardware 
store, which they have since conducted un- 
der the firm name of Robbins & Cowles. 
Is a Republican. President of the Board 
of Trade. A Congregationalist. Past 
master of Brattleboro Lodge No. 102, F. 
& A. M., and district deputy grand master 
of 8th Masonic District 19OO-I ; member 
of Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
Red Men, and Vermont Wheel Club. 

COWLES, Pliny Jefferson, Burling- 
ton. Accountant and book-keeper. Born 
Albany, Feb. 11, I86I; son of Jefferson 
and Orrel F. (Johnson) Cowles. Edu- 
cated at Albany village school, and East- 
man Business College, Pouglikeepsie, N. 
Y. In 1885 married Lilla I. Morse of 
Derby ; they have one daughter, Evelyn 
M. Began business life as clerk and as- 
sistant postmaster at St. Johnsbury, where 
he remained eight years ; later passed the 
civil service examination and entered the 
customs service, being located at Richford 
four years under Collector G. G. Bene- 
dict; from Richford went to Hardwick, 
where he organized the Savings Bank and 
Trust Co. of which he was treasurer five 
years ; removed to Burlington, and was 
state cashier for the Equitable Life As- 
surance Society for four years ; has made 
a specialty of office work and accounting, 
working in the office of the American 
Woolen Co. about four years; is now office 
manager for George D. Jarvis & Son. A 
Republican. A ^Methodist. Past chan- 
cellor commander of Union Lodge, K. P., 
of Hardwick; grand chancellor of Domain 
of Vermont one term, and representative 
to Supreme Lodge. Knights of Pythias; 
member of Masonic fraternity. 

CRAIGIE, James, South Ryegate. 
Granite dealer. Born Leeds, P. Q., Oct. 
20, 1 865 ; son of William and Marguerite 
(Craigie) Craigie. Educated at Leeds 
Model School. In 1903 married Leola M. 
Carpenter of South Ryegate; they have 
one son, Wendell C. Began tlie work of 
farming at an early age; in 1888-93 em- 
ployed by E. and T. Fairbanks & Co., St. 
Johnsbury ; in 1 893 removed to South Rye- 
gate. taking up the granite business which 
he has since conducted; in 1905 purchased 




the Caledonia Park and built a large gran- 
ite shed. Enlisted March '20. 1899, at 
Boston in the 6th U. S. Artillery, went 
to San Francisco. Cal., to Honolulu. April 
IS. 1S99. where he Avas on garrison duty; 
Nov. ;?0. 1S99. went to Philippine Islands 
on guard duty ; participated in several ex- 
peditions against insurgents in Bataan 
Province, which culminated in the surren- 
der of insurgent forces under General 
Mescardo. Was in the service until Oct. 
20. 190-2. when his enlistment expired; 
promoted to corporal. March 17. and ser- 
geant. Oct. 1-2, 1901. Is a Republican; 
deputy sheriif two years; constable eight 
years; tax collector one year; fish and 
game warden two years ; trustee of the vil- 
lage of Soutli Ryegate. ]Member of the 
First Presbyterian Church of South Rye- 
gate and member of the Brotherhood of 
the church. ^I ember of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, and chief forester of the Modern 
Woodmen of America. 

CRAMTON, Charles A..St. Johnsbury. 
Pliysician and surgeon. Born Winooski. 
July 1. 187-2; son of Dr. J. O. and Char- 
lotte E. (Ward) Cramton, now deceased. 
Educated at University of Vermont, med- 
ical department, class of 1893; New York 
Eye and Ear Infirmary ; Royal Ophthal- 
mic Hospital. (Moorfield), and St. Thom- 
as's Hospital, London, England; Hopital 
Lariboisiere, Paris; and University of Vi- 
enna. In I896 married Gertrude Howe 
of St. Johnsbury; they have three chil- 
dren. Gertrude, Edward Allen, and Mar- 
jory. Practicing physician in St. Johns- 
bury, being a specialist in diseases of the 
eye, ear. nose, and throat; is ophthalmolo- 
gist and laryngologist Brightlook and St. 
Johnsbury Hospitals; also Morrison's 
Hospital, Whitefield, N. H. ; expert ex- 
aminer eye and ear U. S. Pension Bureau; 
house surgeon Mary I'letcher Hosjiital, 
liurlington. I893-1-; vice-president Briglit- 
look Hos])ital Association; member of 
Caledonia County and Vermont State Med- 
ical Societies. A Republican. Member 
of the Episcopal Church. Member of 
Passumpsic Lodge No. 27, F. & A. M.; 
Haswfll Chapter No. 11, R. A. M.; Cale- 
donia Council No. l.S, R. & S. M. ; Pales- 
tin*- Commandery No. r>, Knights Tem- 
plar; Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic Shrine; 
Indf-prndent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
Knights of Pvthias. 

CRANDALL. Charles Hayden, Bur- 
lington. x\rchitect. Born Norwich, May 
-2. 1870; son of William Nelson and Ann 
Roxana (Hayden) Crandall. Educated 
in the public schools of Norwich and Miss 
Sherman's private school. In 1897 mar- 
ried Clara Alice Burke of Royalton; they 
have three children, Maurice Charles, Ber- 
nice Clara, and W^allace Gilford. At age 
of 18 left the farm and engaged in car- 
pentry, continuing six years; studied ar- 
chitecture with Louis Sheldon Newton of 
Hartford; in 1896 designed and superin- 
tended the Lake Mitchell club house, at 
Sharon, later designing and superintend- 
ing valuable work at Hanover, N. H., and 
Woodstock, and worked through the con- 
struction of some of the largest buildings 
for Dartmouth College. Located at Bur- 
lington 1905, since which many worthy 
public and private structures in Vermont 
and New Hampshire have been designed 
by him, among the latest being the Ran- 
dolph High School and Lancaster Congre- 
gational Church. A Republican; a Con- 
gregationalist, and a Mason. 

CRANE, Ephraim Hitchcock, Brat- 
tleboro. Printer and publisher. Born 
Hyde Park, Jan. 29, 1876; son of Ed- 
ward C. and Mary (Thomas) Crane. 
Educated at Manchester, N. H., public 
schools; Black River Academy, Ludlow; 
Dartmouth College, 1898. In 1903 mar- 
ried Mary E. Mastin of St. Johnsbury; 
they have two daughters, Elizabeth Mas- 
tin and Mary Hitchcock. He was pro- 
prietor Vermont Tribinie, Ludlow, 1899" 
1 905 ; treasurer and manager Vermont 
Printing Co. (Brattleboro Reformer) 1903 
to date ; business has quadrupled and now 
employs 50 persons. Mr. Crane is an 
independent Republican; a Congregation- 
alist. Trustee Brooks Free Library. 
Member Delta Kappa Epsilon Frater- 
nity; Sphinx Club of Dartmouth Col- 
lege; Brattleboro Lodge No. 102, F. & 
A. M.; Fort Dummer Chapter No. 12, 
R. A. M. ; Beauseant Commandery No. 7, 
K. T.; and Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic 

CROCKETT, Walter Hill, Montpel- 
icr. Editor. Born Colcliester, June 26, 
1870; son of Charles W. and Martha 
(Hill) Crockett. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools, and Mount Hermon School, 




Mt. Hermon, Mass. In 1902 married 
Kate M. Chamberlain of Swanton; they 
have two children, Eleanor Alice and 
Charles Newton. Was assistant night 
editor Burlington Free Press 1895-1901; 
telegraph editor St. Albans Messenger, 
1901-9; and has been managing editor 
Montpelier Morning Journal since 1909- 
Is author of "A History of Lake Cham- 
plain," published by Hobart J. Shanley 
(S: Co., 1909. Is a Republican. Was ap- 
pointed member Vermont Lake Champlain 
Tercentenary Commission by Governor 
Proctor, and reappointed by Governor 
Prouty and Governor ]\Iead. Is a Con- 
gregationalist; a former president of the 
Western Vermont Congregational Club ; 
secretary of Vermont Society Sons of 
American Revolution ; member of Vermont 
Historical Society and Vermont Press 

CROFT, Allen P., Enosburg Falls. 
Farmer. Born West Enosburg, July 1, 
1854; son of Joseph B. and Parmelia 
(Buck) Croft. Educated in the public 
schools of Enosburg. In 1875 married 
Elizabeth M. Hendrick of West Enos- 
burg; they have four children, Eva May, 
Leonard Hendrick, Winifred Gertrude, 
and Mildred Lena. Has always engaged 
in farming. Is a Republican; represented 
Enosburg in the Legislature 1910; select- 
man four years; first selectman 1890-1; 
lister in 1897. A Methodist; steward of 
the church. Member of the Grange, for- 
merly overseer; member Lincoln Lodge 
Xo. 78, F. & A. M., of Enosburg Falls. 

CROMBIE, William Augustus, New 
York City. Born New Boston, N. H., 
April 20, 1844; son of Samuel Coolidge 
and Susan Augusta (Choate) Crombie. At 
six years of age his parents moved to 
Nashua, N. H. ; educated at Pinkerton 
Academy, Derry, N. H., and at Nashua 
(N. H.) High School. In 1868 married 
Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of Orlando 
Dana and Mary Jane (Witherbee) Mur- 
ray, of Nashua, N. H., who died in New 
York, March 7, 1907. They had three 
children, William ^Murray, and Arthur 
Choate, graduates of University of Ver- 
mont, and Maude Elizabeth, all born at 
Burlington. At age of I6 entered the 
freight department of the Boston, Lowell 
& Nashua R. R. Co., working his way 

up through the several grades to the posi- 
tion of' cashier. After an experience of 
four years went to Burlington and en- 
gaged in the lumber business with Mr. 
Lawrence Barnes. In I869 Mr. Barnes 
disposed of his interest to a new organi- 
zation known as Shepard, Davis & Co. ; 
in 1876 this firm was succeeded by the 
Shepard & Morse Lumber Co., in which 
Mr. Crombie was a large owner and local 
manager. While in Burlington was 
largely interested in local business, and 
gave a great deal of his time and money 
to the business of the Burlington Shade 
Roller Co., Porter Manufacturing Co., 
Baldwin Refrigerator Co., and other in- 
dustries. A Republican; was twice elected 
mayor of Burlington, and in 1890 was 
appointed colonel on the staff of Gov. E. 
J. Ormsbee. Since 1894 has been located 
in New York City, where he is conduct- 
ing a wholesale lumber business in part- 
nership with his sons, William Murray 
and Arthur Choate Crombie. For a num- 
ber of years was prominently connected 
with New Y^ork Citv and State politics, 
being the Republican leader of what was 
then the 19th Assembly District in New 
York City, which carried with it an ex- 
ecutive membership in the Republican 
county committee. Is a member of the 
Union League Club ; Lumbermen's Club 
of New Y'ork City ; West Side Republi- 
can Club; Empire State Society Sons of 
American Revolution ; Vermont Society of 
New Y^ork City; Lake Champlain Asso- 
ciation, and Merchants' Association of 
New Y'ork City. Office, 81 New Street; 
residence, Bretton Hall, Broadway' and 
Eighty-sixth Street. 

CROSBY, Allyn Jones, Springfield. 
Superintendent of Springfield Electric 
Railway Co. Born Brattleboro, Feb. 7, 
1874; son of Edward Chandler and Emma 
Frances (Wyman) Crosby. Educated at 
Brattleboro High School, and Dartmouth 
College. In 1897 married Maude Stan- 
dish Coudray of Wethersfield, Conn. ; 
they have one daughter, Alene Maude, 
Has for 15 years held his present posi- 
tion as director and superintendent of 
Springfield Electric Railway Co. ; treas- 
urer of Cheshire Bridge Corporation. A 
Republican; justice of the peace six years; 
clerk of municipal court 1911; president 
of Springfield Agricultural Society 1905- 




10; president of board of trade ipop; vice- 
president from Vermont of the New Eng- 
land Street Railway Club, 1911-1-- 

CROSBY. Edward C. Brattleboro. 
Contractor. Born Marlboro, July 7. 
lSi(i; son of Edward and Betsey L. 
(^Jones) Crosby. Educated at Brattle- 
hoTo High School and Springticld Sem- 
inary. In ISdS married Emma F. Wyman 
of Brattleboro: they have eight children, 
Henry H.. Helen M.. Frank W., Edna S., 
Fred C.. Thomas W.. AUyn J., and Ed- 
ward B. Member of conunission firm of 
E. Crosby & Co.. grain and flour dealers, 
Brattleboro lS(il--J)7; is engaged in electric 
railway, water works, and general con- 
crete construction 18J)7-1})10; has large in- 
terests in Connecticut Valley Street Rail- 
way of Massachusetts, and Springfield 
Electric Railway of Vermont; chairman 
board of directors of the Massacluisetts 
company, and jjresident of the \'ermont 
company. Is a Republican; for four years 
chairman board of bailiffs, Brattleboro. 
A Congregationalist ; member church com- 
mittre and president .Sunday school. Cen- 
ter Church. Brattleboro. 

CRO.SS, Charles Harhisox, late of 
Montpelier. Baker and confectioner. Born 
in Sanbornton. X. H., Feb. 12, 1812; died 
in Montpelier, Sept. 12, 1905. Educated 
in the public schools. In IBS! married 
Caroline Webstrr Houston, who died in 
1 89'i ; they had five children, George 
Hrnry of St. .Johnsbury, Parthenia C. (de- 
ceased). Lewis Bart, late of Montpelier, 
Cscar N. (deceased), and Maria (de- 
ceased). Mr. Cross was the jiioneer baker 
of Vermont, learning the baker's trade with 
his brother. Timothy Cross, in New Hamp- 
shire, and h)cating in Montpelier in 1828, 
where he conducted business alone for 20 
years, and for nearly 50 years with his 
son. E. Bart Cross, under the firm name 
of C. H. Cross Si .Son. He was a Rej)ub- 
lican and n .Methodist. 

CRO.S.S. CiixHi.KH, Boston. 
Mass. .Shoe manufacturer. Born .Mont- 
pelier. Aug. .'JO, IHdl; son of L. Bart and 
Eiicia Ann (Chaplin) Cr«)ss. Educated at 
.\font(>e|ier schools and Bryant ik .Strat- 
ton's f nminereial .School. Boston. Iti 1 8.05 
married Florenc«- Clark of Cambridge, 
Mans. Conrieeted with Boston .Safe De- 
posit arifl Trust Co.. ior seven years; as- 

sociated with E. J. Bliss of Boston, en- 
gaged in the manufacture of shoes under 
firm name of The Regal Shoe Company, 
continuing one year, when L. C. Bliss, 
father of E. J. Bliss, was admitted to 
partnership in the business; since which 
time have been entire owners of the busi- 
ness. Was for 12 years member of the 
1st Corps of Boston Cadets. A Republi- 
can. Member of Masonic Fraternity, In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
several clubs. Office, 268 Summer St., 
Boston. Mass.; residence, 45 Selkirk 
Road. Brookline, Mass. 

CROSS, George Henrv, St. Johnsbury. 
Baker and confectioner. Born Concord, 
X. H., Feb. 6, 1836; son of Charles Har- 
rison and Caroline (Houston) Cross. 
Educated at Washington County Grammar 
School. Montpelier. In 1862 married El- 
len Matthews of Fort Covington, X. Y^. ; 
they had three children, Charles (de- 
ceased). Harry Matthews (deceased), and 
Jennie Pathenia (wife of Dr. J. F. Trull, 
Biddeford. Me.). After leaving school en- 
tered liis father's employ as an apprentice 
in the bakery and confectionery business. 
In I860 he went to Fort Covington, X. Y., 
where he engaged in business for himself; 
later came to St. Johnsbury, and in May, 
1 867, purchased the bakery of Wm. P. 
Fairbanks, where he has built up a most 
successful business. Is a Republican. 
Member and deacon of tlie Xortli Con- 
gregational Church. Director in Mer- 
chants X'ational Bank, St. .Johnsbury. 

CROSS, Joel Bradley, Highgate Cen- 
ter. Retired merchant. Born Highgate, 
.July 11, 1821; son of Xathan and Betsey 
(Hainniond) Cross. Educated at High- 
gate ])ublic schools, and Enosburg Center 
Academy. In 1850 married Elizabeth B. 
Dillon of Burlington, who died in 1892; 
tliey had three cliildr<'n, Lizzie A. (Mrs. 
Olds, deceased), I'rank B. of Highgate 
Center, and I'red W. of Xorth Platte, Xeb. 
Began business life as clerk in Highgate 
and .Sw.inton; in 1 8 16 removed to Du- 
biKjue, la., traveling by way of Lake 
Champlain, Erie Canal, the great lakes, 
and by stage coach from Chicago to Du- 
l)n(|ue, tliere being no railroad nearer Chi- 
cago than Marshall. Mich; remained in- 
Dubuque two years, returning Ivast in 
18 18; engaged in general mercantile busi- 
ness in Bakersfield, and latf-r in East 




Highgate; in 1861 purchased store at 
Highgate Center where he was in business 
for ovisr 40 years; at the age of 90 years 
is still active; went to California for the 
winter 1910; spends part of each year in 
Nebraska and Colorado. A Republican; 
has held many town and county offices ; 
was postmaster 12 years. 

CROSS, Lewis Bartlett, ^lontpelier. 
Retired baker and confectioner. Born 
Montpelier, Aug. 9, 1839; son of Charles 
Harrison and Caroline Webster (Houston) 
Cross. Educated in the public schools, 
and Port Edward and Newbury Semin- 
aries. In 1862 married Lucia A. Chaplin 
of Wells River, who died 1903; they had 
two children, Carrie and Charles H. In 
1858 entered his father's bakery as an 
apprentice, serving three years ; was the 
second man in Montpelier to be enrolled 
for service in the Civil War, but owing 
to illness was not mustered in ; later was 
appointed sutler of 3rd Vermont Regi- 
ment, serving one year; in 1863 engaged 
in business with his father under the firm 
name of C. H. Cross & Son, continuing 
until 1898, when his father retired from 
the firm; in 1908 sold this business to 
F. A. Hayden and G. L. Edson. Is a 
Republican; has held many town, village, 
and city offices ; represented Montpelier 
in the Legislature 1890, serving on ways 
and means and bank committees ; delegate 
Republican national convention 1880; Na- 
tional Republican League convention 1889 
and 1906; presidential elector and vote- 
bearer 1896-7; for 24 years member first 
congressional district committee; and has 
attended every Republican state conven- 
tion since 1864. Is trustee and vice- 
president Montpelier Savings Bank and 
Trust Co. ; president and trustee Wood 
Art Gallery; president board of commis- 
sioners Green Mountain Cemetery. 

CROSSETT, James Edward, Dux- 
bury. Farmer and lumberman. Born 
Duxbury, Dec. 6, 1854; son of Janus and 
Euretta Rachael (Crosby) Crossett. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of Duxbury. 
In 1874 married Mary Jane McMullen 
of Duxbury; they have one daughter. Te- 
nie Mae (Mrs. Philip Shonio of Dux- 
bury). A farmer; manufacturer of lum- 
ber, box shooks, and chair stock; in the 
lumber business 38 years. A Republican; 
selectman 17 years, chairman of the board 

13 years; justice of the peace two years; 
represented Duxbury in the Legislature 
1890, and at the extra session 1891; lib- 
eral in his religious convictions. 

CROWELL, Christie Burnham, Brat- 
tleboro. Manager Brattleboro Water Works 
Co. Born Brattleboro, Jan. 24, 1873; son 
of George Emerson and Mary (Spencer) 
Crowell. Educated at Brattleboro public 
schools and Mt. Hermon School, gradu- 
ated 1894. In 1898 married Louisa W. 
Van Arsdale of Hackensack, N. J., who 
died 1899; in 1903 married Elsinore Rob- 
inson of Benicia, Cal. ; they have one son, 
George Alexander. Associated with his 
father in management of real estate and 
other interests ; manager of Brattleboro 
Water Works Company for past 10 years. 
A surveyor. An independent Republi- 
can. Active member of the First Baptist 
Church. Past master of Columbian Lodge, 
F. & A. M. ; high priest Fort Dummer 
Chapter; member Connecticut Valley 
Council; Beauseant Coramandery, K. T. ; 
Windsor Lodge of Perfection, Ancient Ac- 
cepted Scottish Rite; J. W. Roby Council, 
Princes of Jerusalem; Delta Chapter Rose 
Croix, and Vermont Consistory; member 
of Grand Chapter; also of Wantastiquet 
Lodge and Oasis Encampment, I. O. O. F., 
of Brattleboro; Vermont Wheel Club, and 
Brattleboro Board of Trade. 

CROWELL, George Emersox, Brat- 
tleboro. Retired publisher. Born Manches- 
ter-by-the-Sea, Mass., Sept. 29, 1834; son 
of Nathaniel and Esther S. (Day) Crow- 
ell. Educated in the district schools of 
Hopkinton, N. H. In 1872 married Mary 
Spencer of Wilmington ; they have had five 
children, Christie Burnham, Herbert Spen- 
cer, Ralph W., Esther Louise, and Percy 
v., the first and last two are not living. 
Left school when 13; followed farming 
until 1866, when he came to Brattleboro 
and edited the Vermont Record and Farm- 
er until 1868, when, with Daniel L. Mil- 
likin, established The Household; later 
purchased Millikin's interest and continued 
publication till 1890, when he sold out 
and it was moved to Boston. Purchased 
a tract of 150 acres of land in Brattleboro 
village in 1880, developing it for residen- 
tial purposes; developed several small 
springs into the present village water sup- 
ply, Brattleboro Water Works Co., with 
storage capacity of 200,000,000 gallons; 




president Carpenter Organ Co.; director 
Brattleboro Home for Aged and Disabled ; 
corporator in the Vermont and the Brat- 
tleboro Savings Banks. Enlisted in l6th 
Xew Hampshire Infantry, serving nine 
months. Independent Republican; mem- 
ber First Church. 

CULVER. Frank Muxroe, Hyde 
Park. Banker. Born Stowe, May 29, 
1879; s^on of George M. and Ida (Robin- 
son) Culver. Educated at Stowe High 
Scliool and St. Johnsbury Academy. In 
IfyO'^ married ^Nlabel S. Godfrey of Stowe. 
Was teller Lamoille County Savings Bank 
and Trust Co.. Hyde Park, 1904-6; treas- 
urer since 1906'. Is a Republican. Has 
been treasurer of Hyde Park Village since 
1906. Treasurer of Second Congrega- 
tionalist Church since 1908. A member of 
Mystic Lodge No. 56. F. &. A. M.; has 
been junior warden and senior warden. 

CUMINGS. E. WiLMOT, Barre. Job 
printer. Born Palmyra, X. Y., Nov. 8, 
1 847 ; son of Horace and Lucy Gibson 
(Thompson) Cumings. Educated at Pal- 
myra Union School ; Hamilton College, 
A. B. 1871; Union Theological Seminary, 
class of 1874. In 1874 married Annie 
M. Smith of Greenport, L. I. ; they have 
three daughters, Lucy Frances (Mrs. J. L. 
Thorpe), Susan Ellsworth (Mrs. R. E. 
^^'ales). and Metta Belle (Mrs. William 
Cole). A Presbyterian; served as pastor 
Fairville, X. Y., one year; West Fayette, 
X'. Y., four and one-half years; Elba, 
X. Y., seven and one-half years; Barre 
seven years. Purchased job printing busi- 
ness of W. A. Smith in 1896, continuing 
same to date. A Republican ; school com- 
missioner, Barre, four years ; cemetery 
commissioner six years; assessor two 
years; city liquor agent four years. 

CURRIER, Richard Sawyep, Barre. 
County supervisor of highways. Born 
Harrlwifk. March 1.1. 18.19; son of Charles 
L. arifi Cclinda (Dickey) Currier. Edu- 
cated in public schools, Barre Academy, 
and Dartmouth College, B. L. 188.^. In 
1886 married .Julia McCarty of Xorth- 
ficld ; they had two cliildren, G(org<; R. 
( (IcccHscd ) and Marguerite. Member of 
the firm of Blair ik Currier, 1886-89; 
h>H(] of firm R. S. Currier & Co. 1889-98; 
cf)ntractor and build<r 1899-1906; county 
supervisor of highways Washington coun- 

ty since 1906. Was trustee Barre Acad- 
emy; member of Barre school board 1886- 
96; president Barre Retail Merchants' As- 
sociation four years ; director French's 
Barre Library since 1889; trustee Barre 
City Hospital. Is a Republican; alderman 
from 2nd ward 1902-4, and president of 
the board in 1903; chairman board street 
conamissioners 1903-4; represented Barre 
in Legislature 1894-6; member of Repub- 
lican city committee 1 900-8, and county 
committee since 1906. By religious pref- 
erence a Congregationalist. Member Del- 
ta Kappa and Kappa Kappa Kappa fra- 
ternities of Dartmouth College; past chan- 
cellor Vincitia Lodge Xo. 10, Knights of 
Pythias ; member Suadah Temple No. 40, 
Dramatic Order Knights of Khorassan. 

CUSHMAN, Henry Theodore, North 
Bennington. Manufacturer. Born Ben- 
nington, May 16, 1844; son of John and 
Sophronia (Hurd) Cushman. His grand- 
father was a soldier in the Revolutionary 
War. Educated at Bennington Academy 
and by private tutors. In 1867 married 
Eliza Davis Hall, daughter of Henry D. 
Hall, and granddaughter of former Gov- 
ernor Hiland Hall; thev have five chil- 
dren, Arthur Hall, John Henry, William 
Carroll, Frederick Bennett, and Caroline 
Eliza. Has been engaged since 1865 as 
a manufacturer, beginning with special 
lines designed by himself; is now presi- 
dent of the H. T. Cushman Manufactur- 
ing Co., furniture specialties, one of the 
largest concerns in Bennington. Is a vet- 
eran of the Civil War; was commissioned 
as first lieutenant and regimental quar- 
termaster in the 4th Regiment Vermont 
Volunteers, Sept. 30, 1862; was at times 
acting brigade quartermaster; although 
not required to go on the firing line to 
supply the place of an officer killed in the 
Wilderness, he offered his services, and 
served on the staff of Gen. Lewis A. 
Grant, commander of the First Vermont 
Brigade, through the battles of Spottsyl- 
vania, including the "bloody angle," re- 
ceiving honoral)le mention by the com- 
manding general in his report to the adju- 
tant-general of Vermont. Is a Republi- 
can ; senator from Bennington County 
191 0; formerly member of the board of 
education; president of the village of 
Xorth Bennington sixteen years. Member 
of the Cirand Army of the Republic; is 
senior vice-commander of the Military Or- 




der of the Loyal Legion of Vermont; 
member of the Sons of the American Revo- 
lution; president of the Bennington Coun- 
ty Veterans' Reunion Society. In religious 
preference a Congregationalist. Has been 
president of the church society for many 

CUSHMAN, JuDsoN E., Burlington. 
Lawyer and state tax commissioner. Born 
Braintree, April 27, I860; son of Earl 
S. and Mary E. (Lamb) Cushman. Edu- 
cated in the public schools, and Randolph 
State Normal School. In 1882 married 
Nina L. Rawson of Westford; they have 
three children, Lena M. (Mrs. Carl H. 
Carroll), Ralph E., and Grace ]\I. Taught 
in South Royalton village school 1878- 
1880; Richmond village school 1880-1 and 
1882-6; admitted to Vermont Bar Oct. 28, 
1886, and began practice of law in Ran- 
dolph; in August, 1887, removed to Bur- 
lington and formed copartnership with 
Hon. E. R. Hard; copartner of Hon. Ed- 
mund C. Mower 1896-1900. A Repub- 
lican; city grand juror 1888-90; states at- 
torney for Chittenden County 1890-4; 
elected professor of medical jurisprudence 
in medical department University of Ver- 
mont 1895, and elected annually ever 
since ; city attorney 1 896-8 ; commissioner 
of taxes of Vermont 1900 to present time; 
delegate to International Tax Conference 
in 1909, 1910, and 191I. Past master of 
Washington Lodge No. 3, F. & A. M., of 
Burlington, and member of Ethan Allen 

CUTTING, Oliver B., Concord. Drug- 
gist. Born Concord, Sept. 12, 1837; son 
of Franklin and Prudence (Isham) Cut- 
ting. Educated in the public schools of 
Concord and Waterbury. In 1865 mar- 
ried Lavina Powers of Lunenburg, who 
died 1 868 ; they had one child, Ursula M ; 
in 1872 married Lois B. Robinson of Con- 
cord ; they have two children, Clarence F. 
and Susie L. At 19 years of age Mr. 
Cutting began teaching in the winter and 
Avorking in the summer on the farm ; in 
1868 began business as a druggist and 
book dealer, which occupation he still fol- 
lows ; has been local agent for the ^^er- 
mont Mutual Fire Insurance Co. Enlisted 
as private in Co. A, 11th Regiment Ver- 
mont Volunteers, Aug. 20, 1 864 ; was 
Avounded at the battle of Cedar Creek, 
Oct. 19 of the same year; discharged from 

the hospital May, 1865. Is a Republican; 
represented Concord in the Legislature 
190O; elected assistant judge of Essex 
County 1904, and re-elected 1906 and 
19O8; school director three years; one of 
the trustees of the Concord Grammar 
School. Treasurer of Moose River Lodge 
No. 82, F. & A. M., of Concord. 

CUTTS, Henry T.. late of Orwell. 
Farmer and breeder. Born Orwell, Oct. 
6, 1836; died Orwell, June 9, 1911; son 
of Thomas and Fanny (Kingsley) Cutts. 
Educated at the public schools, and Troy 
Conference Academy. In 1862 married 
Cornelia Wilcox of Orwell ; they had three 
sons and one daughter, George H. of Los 
Angeles, Cal., Linus W. of Orwell, Arthur 
T. of Chicago, 111., and Minnie E. (de- 
ceased). Mr. Cutts was for forty years 
a farmer at Orwell; proprietor of Brook- 
side Farm; had charge of World's Fair 
exhibit of jSIorgan horses; was president 
of Vermont Horse Breeders' Association 
for some years ; and vice-president of New 
England Horse Breeders' Association for 
five years ; w^as the breeder and owner of 
the famous Morgan stallions Ben Frank- 
lin, and Addison Lambert by Daniel Lam- 
bert. Mr. Cutts was a prominent citizen 
of the town, a strong worker for the tem- 
perance cause, and took an active interest 
in local, state and national affairs. A Re- 
publican ; had held practically every office 
in the gift of the town, being selectman at 
time of his death; represented Orwell in 
the Legislature 1882; senator from Addi- 
son county 1910. Member of Congrega- 
tional Church. Member of Independent 
Lodge No. 10, F. & A. M., of Orwell. 

DAIGLE, Hector J.. Burlington. In- 
surance. Born St. Damase, P. Q., Feb. 
14, 1862; son of David and Regina (Lu- 
cier) Daigle. Educated at St. Cesaire, 
Iberville County, P. Q. In 1890 married 
Elma A. Hill of Montgomery; they have 
two children. Clifton C. and E. Zorine. 
Engaged in the lumber business 1883-93; 
in the insurance business since 1894. Is 
independent in politics. Member of the 
Roman Catholic Church. Member of 
Knights of Columbus, and of Algonquin 

DALEY. Olix Westox, White River 
Junction. Physician and surgeon. Born 
Worcester, Jan. 8, 1 863 ; son of Orrin and 





Hannah (^lartin) Daley. Educated in 
the public schools of Montpelier, and 
Montpelier Methodist Seminary; studied 
medicine in the office of Dr. D. G. Kemp, 
Montpelier. and medical school of Colum- 
bia University. New York, graduated 
1884. In 1891 married Mae E. Gates of 
White River Junction, who died in IQOO. 
Began the practice of medicine in White 
River Junction, continuing until IPOO, 
when he retired to devote his time to his 
business and financial interests. Vice- 
president of Hartford National Bank; 
owns a cottage at Caspian Lake, Greens- 
boro, and owns and operates a farm of 
470 acres near White River Junction ; 
owner of Union Station lunch, White 
River Junction. A Republican; repre- 
sented Hartford in the Legislature 1904; 
senator from Windsor County 1906. An 
Episcopalian. A 33 degree Mason; in 
1903 chosen grand master of the Grand 
Lodge of Vermont, having since served as 
grand high priest of the Grand Chapter, 
Royal Arch Masons ; member of Iroquois 
Club of White River Junction and other 
social organizations. 

• DALY, James Monroe, Dorchester, 
Mass. Dental surgeon. Born Salisbury, 
Dec. -23, 1829; son of James W. and 
Sarah E. (Owen) Daly. Educated at 
Bristol public schools, graduated from 
Boston Dental College 1870. In 1852 
married Amelia S. Churchill of Boston, 
who died 1 86O ; they had two children, 
Grace Amelia, and James Harlow. In 
1864 married Elizabeth Tolman Bispham 
of Dorcliester, Mass.; they have one son, 
Martin Ordway. In 1845 began the study 
of dentistry under Dr. John Sabine, 
Boston; in 1852 began the practice of his 
profession which he has since continued. 
At present is in partnership with his son, 
Dr. M. Ordway Dalv. Was one of the 
founders and incorporators of the Boston 
Dental Colhge, and one of its trustees 
until its union with Tufts College. Was 
in his early years a member of the Whig 
party, but has been a Republican since 
the organization of that party. Member 
of Third Rfligious .Society in Dorcliester, 
Mass.. (Unitarian), and member of 
board of assessors and trustee of the min- 
isterial fund. Mfiiibf-r of the Royal Ar- 
canum, Norfolk Club, V^ermont Associa- 
tion, and Men's Club of Third Church, 
Dorchester; fonnerlv a member of 

Knights of Honor, Ancient and Honor- 
able Artillery Company, and Middlesex 
Club. Office, 29 Hollis St., Boston, Mass. 
Residence, 1119 Adams St., Dorchester, 

DALY', William R., Brattleboro. Law- 
yer. Born Bennington, May 5, 1876; sou 
of John P. and Sarah (Dunn) Daly. Ed- 
ucated in the Bennington public schools. 
In 1901 married Helen Brewe of Hoosick 
Falls, N. Y. ; they have three children, 
Jane Dorothy, Helen Hertha, and George 
Loveland. Studied law in the office of 
Barber & Darling, Bennington; admitted 
to Vermont Bar 19OO; practiced in Ben- 
nington until March, 1907, when he re- 
moved to Brattleboro and formed partner- 
ship with Charles S. Chase under the firm 
name of Chase & Dal}\ A Republican. 
Special prosecuting officer, Bennington 
village, 1902; states attorney Bennington 
County 1904-6; appointed judge Brattle- 
boro municipal court March, 1911- A 
Congregationalist. Member of Columbian 
Lodge, F. & A. M., of Brattleboro. 

DANA, Edward Cushing, Woodstock. 
Editor and publisher. Born Woodstock, 
Jan. 23, 1863; son of Charles and Chari- 
tie (Loomis) Dana. Educated at Wood- 
stock High School. Learned printer's 
trade in Woodstock; went to Colorado in 
1887; in newspaper work in that state at 
Glenwood Springs, Aspen, and for two 
and one-half years in Denver; returned 
to Woodstock in 1894 and bought the 
SjDirit of the Age. An Independent Demo- 
crat. Member of Woodstock Country 

DANA, Harold Swan, Woodstock. In- 
surance. Born Woodstock, Sept. 27, 
1854; son of Charles and Charity Scott 
(Loomis) Dana. Educated at the public 
schools. June 1, 1892, married Lydia M. 
French of Woodstock; they have an 
adopted daughter, Caroline Brown Dana. 
Was clerk in his father's store for 16 
years, continuing the business for several 
years following his father's death. En- 
gaged in general insurance business 1896, 
in which he continues to date. Is a Re- 
publican; has been village treasurer for 
12 years; also town auditor. Is a Con- 
gregationalist. A member of the Country 
Club, and of the Y. M. C. A. 




DANA, S. J., Fayston. Manufacturer. 
Born Warren, May 18, 1833; son of Sam- 
uel and Calista (Pastor) Dana. Edu- 
cated in the public schools. In 1853 mar- 
ried Adeline W. Benton, who died 1886; 
they had seven children, Plina J., Clar- 
ence W., Frea A., Harry C, Henry W., 
Winfield R., and Charles H. (deceased) ; 
in 1888 married Miranda Davis, who died 
1889; in 1894 married Mary J. Fisher, 
who died 1909; in 1910 married Hattie 
Richardson of Warren. Is an insurance 
agent; a builder; and a member of the 
firm of S. J. & H. W. Dana, shingle manu- 
facturers. Enlisted in Co. B, 13th Regi- 
ment Vermont Volunteers, September, 
1862; mustered into service October, 1862; 
was wounded by a shell in the left arm 
at the battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863; 
mustered out July 21, 1863, at the ex- 
piration of term of service; was one of 
six brothers who served in the civil war, 
who all came out with honorable dis- 
charge. Is a Republican; was town clerk 
27 years; justice of the peace 30 years; 
has been selectman, town treasurer, lister, 
school director, town grand juror, over- 
seer of the poor ; is now health officer ; 
served as assistant judge of Washington 
County court two years; represented Fay- 
ston in the Legislature 1872. 

DANE, Walter Alden, Newport. 
Lawyer. Born Newport, Feb. 4, 1882; 
son of Olin Sidney and Mabel (Robinson) 
Dane. Educated at Newport High 
School, University of Vermont, and 
George Washington University Law 
School, Washington, D. C. In 1907 mar- 
ried Bertha A. Aldrich of Cambridge, 
Mass. ; they have one daughter, Barbara. 
Instructor in Burr and Burton Seminary, 
Manchester, 1903-5. Is a Republican; 
card messenger, House of Representatives, 
Washington, D. C, 1905; private secre- 
tary to assistant secretary of the navy, 
Washington, D. C, 1907; served in this 
capacity and studied law until 1908, when 
he was admitted to Bar of the District of 
Columbia ; confidential secretary to secre- 
tary of the navy 1908, serving until the 
change of administration, 1909, when he 
was appointed private secretary to Hon. 
Wm. P. Dillingham, U. S. senator from 
Vermont. In 1909 formed a law partner- 
ship with Hon. F. C. Williams, Newport. 
Member of the National Geographic So- 

ciety; Delta Psi and Phi Beta Kappa 

DARLING, Charles Hial, Burling- 
ton. Lawyer. Born Woodstock, May 
9^ 1859; son of Jason and Ellen Lou- 
isa (Paul) Darling. Educated at Green 
Mountain Perkins Academy, Montpelier 
Seminary, A. B., Tufts College 1884, 
LL. D. 1903. In 1889 married Agnes 
Christmas Norton of Bennington; they 
have three daughters, Margaret Norton, 
Alice Godfrey, and Elizabeth Paul Dar- 
ling. Was admitted to the Bar 1886; 
commenced practice in Bennington the 
same year, which he continued until 
he went to Washington in the fall of 1901 ; 
removed to Burlington 1906, practicing 
there since. A Republican; appointed 
municipal judge of Bennington in 1887; 
reappointed by each governor and held 
office until he went to Washington in 1901 ; 
represented Bennington in the Legislature 
1 896 ; chairman of committee on education, 
and served on the judiciary committee; 
appointed assistant secretary of the navy 
1901 ; resigned in 1905 to take the office 
of collector of customs for the district of 
Vermont ; reappointed collector of customs 
in 1910. Trustee of Tufts College; presi- 
dent of the board of trustees of Goddard 
Seminary; member of Vermont Bar As- 
sociation, president 1899-1900; member of 
Sons of American Revolution, president 
19O8. Life member of Vermont Histori- 
cal Society ; member of Masonic frater- 
nity, at present senior warden of the 
Grand Lodge of Vermont. 

DARLING, Charles Melvin, Lyn- 
donville. Ranchman, real estate dealer, 
horse breeder. Born Lyndon, Aug. 20, 
1856; son of Charles B. and Susan (Mel- 
vin) Darling. Educated at Lyndon In- 
stitute, Lyndon Center; student Dart- 
mouth College, scientific department, two 
years ; diploma for physical culture, Ral- 
ston University, Washington, D. C, 1902. 
In 1898 married Alice Elizabeth Lowe 
of Fort Morgan, Colorado, who died 
in 1901 ; in 1902 married Mary 
Macauley of Newport; thej^ have six 
children, Charles Melvin, Carolyn Su- 
san, Velma, Scott Rogers, Beatrice Ma- 
bel, and Alfred Burbank. In Omaha and 
Lincoln, Neb., 1877; in employ of Col. 
Clopper on horse ranch near Denver, Col., 




1878; worked on cattle ranches in Colo- 
rado until the summer of 1880, when as- 
sociated with his cousin S. E. Darling, 
and bought a trail herd of Texas cattle at 
Ogallala, Xeb.. and turned them loose on 
range; sold cattle in 1882, and in 1883, 
with S. E. Darling, bought horses and 
cattle and located on Brazos River, Tex.; 
purchased Living Spring ranch in Colo- 
rado 1888. and enlarged it to 3,000 acres; 
sold out cattle and horses 1893 and came 
east; at Fort Morgan, Col., 1894-8; set- 
tled in Lyndonville 1898. A Republican. 
Member of Masonic fraternity; Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows; the Lyndon 
Club, and Abnaki Club. 

DARLINXx. George W., South Rye- 
gate. Physician and surgeon. Born South 
Ryegate, Dec. 5, 1857; son of Dr. John 
B. and Marguerite (ShaAv) Darling. Ed- 
ucated in the public schools of Ryegate, 
Xewbury Seminary; Peacham Academy 
1879; and L'niversity of Vermont, medical 
department. 1882. In 1883 married Jen- 
nie P. Somers of Barnet, who died 1905; 
they had six children, Theresa B. (Mrs. 
Cowen), Charles B., George L., Jennie 
M., Grace D. (Mrs. Hooker), and Dewey 
S.; in 1908 married Jeanie E. Hall. In 
1 882 began practice of medicine with his 
father at Ryegate, which he has since con- 
tinued ; has a practice covering about six 
surrounding towns; also owns and carries 
on a farm. A Republican; school director 
12 years. A Presbyterian. Member of 
Connecticut Valley and Vermont State 
Medical Societies, and County Fish and 
Game Club. 

DARLING, Hale Knight, Chelsea. 
Lawyer. Born East Corinth, Jan. 26, 
1869; son of Joseph Kimball and Mary 
Alice (Knight) Darling. Educated in 
public schools of Corinth and Chelsea, 
and in the law department University of 
North Carolina. In 1896, married May- 
belle Maud Hyde of Chelsea; they have 
five children, Pauline, Hale Knight, Jr., 
Mary Alice, Jose})h Kimball, and Law- 
rence. Employed in freight department 
Fitchburg Railroad 1888-90; reporter on 
Fitchburg, Mass.. Daily Sentinel 1890-92; 
admitted to Bar 189t at Raleigh, N. C, 
and to Vermont Bar 1895 at \Iontpelier. 
Ls a Republican; was states attorney of 
Orange County 1896-1900; member State 
Board Bar Examiners 1901-3; member 

Vermont House of Representatives 1904- 
6; chairman State Library Commission 
1905; clerk Orange County Court 1905 
and since ; appointed commissioner to re- 
vise statute laws of state 1904; and com- 
missioner to edit Public Statutes 1906. Is 
a member George Washington Lodge No. 
52, F. & A. M.; and Whitney Chapter, 
R. A. M. 

DARLING, Lrcius A.. Burke. Farmer. 
Born Sutton, June 1, 1857; son of Henry 
G. and Mehitable (Whitcomb) Darling. 
Educated in the public schools, Lancaster, 
N. H., Academy; and Bryant & Stratton 
business college, Boston. In 1892 mar- 
ried Marguerite McDonald of Burke; they 
had two children. Pearl E. (deceased), and 
Henry G. After leaving business college 
in 1883, took position as manager of 
Moimtain View Farm, in Burke and Lyn- 
don, formerly the home place of Harley 
M. Hall, consisting of 300 acres, now in- 
creased to 2,400 acres. Is a Republican; 
selectman one year; represented Burke in 
Legislature 1900. An attendant of the 
Congregational Church. 

DARLING, Robert Nelson, Groton. 
Merchant. Born Groton, May Q, 1859; 
son of Jonathan Robert and Sarah Maria 
(Taisey) Darling. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools and Newbury Seminary. In 
1891 married Valetta M. Paine of South- 
bridge, Mass. ; they have two daughters, 
Ruth Maria and Evalona Jessie. Manu- 
facured lumber extensively for 30 years; 
now merchant in partnership with R. D. 
Sherry in general store at Bradford ; orig- 
inal owner of Darling trout pond, largest 
in the state, now owned by Hon. Theodore 
N. Vail, in his game and timber preserve. 
A Republican; represented Groton in the 
Legislature 1908; chairman and village 
trustee 1907; first selectman of Groton 
1908. Member Pulaski Lodge No. 58, 
F. & A. M., of Wells River; Chapter 
Lodge of Bradford; Caledonia Lodge No. 
15. K. P., of Groton, and Groton Grange 
No. 443. 

DARLING, Sumner" E., Hardwick. 
Physician and surgeon. Born West Wind- 
sor, May 2, 1856; son of Jason L. and 
Ellen Louise Paul (Sumner) Darling. 
Educated at Woodstock public schools, 
Dartmouth College, and University of 
Vermont; studied medicine with Dr. H. 




M. Chandler of Woodstock, Dr. Henry D. 
Holton of Brattleboro, and at the medical 
departments of Dartmouth College and 
University of Vermont, graduating from 
the latter in 1882. In 1881 married Eva- 
lyn Ruth Eastman of Newbury; they have 
one son, Sumner E., Jr. His early life 
was spent on a farm; located temporarily 
in Newbury and later in Hardwick, where 
he has since practiced his profession. 
Health officer since office was created ; 
member Vermont tuberculosis commission 
1905-7; Caledonia County Medical Soci- 
ety ; Vermont Medical Society ; American 
Medical Association ; sixth international 
congress on tuberculosis ; board of trustees 
Hardwick Academy nine years; village 
trustee 1903-4. A Republican; chairman 
delegation to State convention 1908; mem- 
ber town committee; represented Hard- 
wick in the Legislature 1904, serving as 
chairman of committee on public health ; 
senator from Caledonia County 1910. 
Member of the Methodist Church ; and of 
Caspian Lake Lodge No. 87, F. & A. M. 

DARTT, Justus, Springfield. Farmer. 
Born Weathersfield, Feb. 17, 1836; son of 
Erastus and Rebecca (Jackman) Dartt. 
Educated at public schools, Wesleyan Sem- 
inary, and Newbury Seminary. In 1859 
married Abbie Patten Knight of Weathers- 
field; they have three children, William 
Henry, Frank Patten, and Mary Abbie. 
The greater part of his life has been de- 
voted to work in the public schools as 
teacher and superintendent; from 1880-88 
was state superintendent of education in 
Vermont; 1888-96 was district superin- 
tendent of schools in Massachusetts. In 
1862 enlisted in Co. D, 9th Regiment, 
Vermont Volunteers ; was chosen 2nd lieu- 
tenant ; was taken prisoner in hospital at 
Winchester, Va., 1 862 ; afterwards paroled 
and sent to Camp Chase, Columbus, O. ; 
discharged at Chicago, 1 862, for disability. 
Is a Republican; was a member of the 
Legislature in 1874, 1878, 1880, 1902, 
1904, and 1910; senator from Windsor 
County 1882, and president pro tem of 
the Senate. Was trustee of Vermont State 
Agricultural College 1880-86; trustee of 
Soldiers' Home at Bennington since 1906. 
Has been deacon in First Congregational 
Church, Springfield, since 1900. Is mem- 
ber of St. Johns Lodge No. 41, F. & A. 
M. ; past high priest of Skitchewaug Chap- 
ter No. 25, R. A. M.; member Springfield 

Council No. 18, R. & S. M.; and Holy 
Cross Commandery No. 12, K. T., of 
Bellows Falls. 

DAVIS, Charles M., Northfield. Tex- 
tile manufacturer. Born Northfield, June 
13, I860; son of John Preston and Phoebe 
Lorain (Marsh) Davis. Educated at 
Northfield High School, Norwich Univer- 
sity, and Dartmouth College, graduating 
from Dartmouth with degree of B. S. 
1882; studied law in the offices of Hon. 
Frank Plumley, Northfield, and Hon. S. C. 
Shurtleff, Montpelier; entered Boston Uni- 
versity Law School in the fall of 1887, 
graduating cum laude in 1889 with the 
degree of LL. B. In 1892 married Marv 
H. Wooster of Northfield; they have two 
children, John Wooster and Emma Louise. 
Admitted to Vermont Bar 1889; practiced 
law in Northfield ten years; in 1900 pur- 
chased of the J. W. Gould estate the white 
flannel mill in Northfield Falls, and with 
Andrew E. Denny operated same two 
years, when he purchased Denny's inter- 
est, continuing alone to date, this being 
one of the oldest and largest textile plants 
in Vermont. Also interested in mercantile 
business and farming. Is a Democrat; 
attendant of Congregational Church; mem- 
ber of Conversational Club of Northfield 
for 20 years. Is also a trustee of Norwich 
University, and director in Northfield Sav- 
ings Bank. 

DAVIS, Earl Frank, Newfane. Ho- 
tel keeper. Born Landgrove, Jan. 20, 
1881; son of Frank Edgar and Flora 
Lorinda (Abbott) Davis. Educated in 
Landgrove public schools and Chester 
Central High School. In 1903 married 
Eliza A. Maher of Newfane; they have 
two children, Robert Earl and Dorothy 
Thelma. Taught school in Brookline, 
Townshend, Newfane, and Wardsboro. 
Has conducted Windham County House at 
Newfane since Dec. 15, 1905, with the 
exception of one and one-half years ; also 
engages in farming and lumbering. Is 
a Republican; deputy sheriff since 1906; 
deputy jailor Windham County jail three 
and one-half years; trustee of Newfane 
village corporation two years; chief of 
police two years. Member of Newfane 
Lodge No. 72, I. O. O. F.; West River 
Rebekah Lodge No. 6l of Newfane; Oasis 
Encampment No. 5, I. O. O. F., of Brat- 
tleboro; has held minor offices in the Order 




of Odd Fellows: district deputy grand 
master two years ; member of Blazing Star 
Lodge Xo. '■2o. F. & A. M.. of Townshend. 

DAVIS. Fred Carlos, Springfield. 
Lawyer. Born Reading, May 29, 1862; 
son of Carlos and Ruth (Hapgood) Davis. 
Educated in the public schools. Green 
Mountain Perkins Academy, and gradu- 
ated from New Hampshire College of Ag- 
riculture and Mechanics' Arts 1884. In 
1892 married Nellie A. Mitchell of 
Weathersfield. who died 190-1; in 1908 
married Eunice Round of Lancaster, N. 
H. Admitted to the Vermont Bar 1891; 
actively engaged in law practice for six 
years. Drew the charter for the Spring- 
field Electric Railway Co., organized the 
companv. and looked after its legal work; 
in 1897 became interested in Cavendish 
Ciorge water power, afterwards organized 
the Claremont Power Co., and aided in de- 
veloping the power plant. In 1910 became 
interested in the Clarendon Power Co., 
and is one of the active factors in devel- 
oping that water power. In 1910 bought 
out M. G. Denorem's fire insurance busi- 
ness, and does a general insurance busi- 
ness in connection with his other work. 
Enlisted in L". S. Signal Corps Aug. 3, 
1884, discharged Feb. 4, 1885. Is a Re- 
publican; has held the offices of auditor, 
lister and selectman; represented Spring- 
field in the Legislature from 1908 to 1910. 
A member of the Congregational Church. 
Past great sachem of Vermont Improved 
Order of Red Men; great representative 
of Vermont to the Great Council of the 
L'nited States Improved Order of Red 
Men from 1907 to 1910. 

DAVIS, Fred Ladd, Hartford. Farmer 
and state cattle commissioner. Born Nor- 
wich, Feb. 2, 1861; son of Reuben and 
Minerva (Maxham) Davis. Educated in 
the public schools of Norwich. In 1898 
married Genevieve ¥. Snow of North Pom- 
fret ; she died 1906; they had three chil- 
dren, Howard M., Marguerite, and Mar- 
ion; in 1911 married Jessie F. Seaver of 
Norwicli. FLngaged in farming in Nortli 
Pomfret previous to 1.906; in I9O8 sold 
farm in North Pomfret and moved to 
Hartford. Is a Republican; was chair- 
man of Republican town committee of 
Pomfret 10 years; rejjresented Pomfret 
in the Legislature 1900. and was chairman 
of committee on agriculture; senator from 

Windsor County 1906, chairman of Sen- 
ate committee on agriculture, and member 
of committees on railroads, education, and 
taxes. Secretary Vermont Dairymen's As- 
sociation 1899-1 91 0; president since 1910; 
president Windsor County Agricultural 
Society 1 896-9. In I906 appointed by 
Governor Proctor Vermont commissioner 
to the Jamestown Exposition; in 1907 ap- 
pointed general superintendent and secre- 
tary Vermont State Fair, which office he 
still holds ; also named a member of state 
board of agriculture, and became secre- 
tary; in 1909 appointed state cattle com- 
missioner by Governor Prouty, to fill -an 
unexpired term of H. S. Willson, deceased; 
reappointed by Governor Mead in 1911 
for term of two years ; is notary public, 
and has held numerous town offices. Is 
a 32nd degree Mason; member of Mt. 
Sinai Temple of Shriners, Montpelier; 
member of working team for five years ; 
delegate from his shrine to Louisville, 
K3^, 1909; member of Jersey Cattle Club 
of New York; Vermont Fish and Game 
League ; Vermont Association of Boston ; 
and Iroquois Club of White River Junc- 

DAVIS, Gilbert Asa, Windsor. Law- 
yer and farmer. Born Chester, Dec. 18, 
1835; son of Asa and Mary (Hosmer) 
Davis. Educated in the public schools 
and Chester Academy; taught school in 
New Jersey 1852-6; began study of law 
in Belvidere, N. J. ; continued in Chester 
and Woodstock ; admitted to Vermont Bar 
1859. In 1862 married Delia I. Bolles 
of Turner Junction (now West Chicago), 
111. ; they had four children, two sons who 
died in infancy, Mary Isabella (Mrs. 
Stanley Carleton, Thomaston, Me.), and 
Gilbert Franklin of Windsor. Practiced 
law at Felchville 1860-79, when he re- 
moved to Windsor, where he has since re- 
sided and engaged in active practice in 
the courts of Vermont and New Hamp- 
shire and in the U. S. courts; has been 
admitted to practice in the U. S. district 
court, U. S. circuit court, U. S. court of 
appeals of the 2nd circuit, and U. S. su- 
preme court; numerous briefs prepared by 
him have been published in the Vermont 
Reports. Has been register of probate 
for the district of Windsor four years ; 
states attorney for Windsor County 1878- 
80; referee in bankruptcy continuously 
since the enactment of the U. S. bank- 




ruptcy law in 1898. A Republican; assist- 
ant clerk of House of Representatives 
•1858 and 186l; represented Reading in 
the Legislature 1872 and 1874, chairman 
of the committee on education ; compiled 
the school laws in 1874, under appoint- 
ment by Governor Peck; senator from 
Windsor County 1876, chairman of com- 
mittee on education, and member of judi- 
ciary committee ; introduced the act estab- 
lishing the work house at Rutland, now 
the House of Correction ; chairman of the 
state bridge commission under Gov. Chas. 
J. Bell ; has held numerous town offices, 
such as superintendent of schools, mod- 
erator, auditor, president, and trustee of 
Windsor village ; has been president, treas- 
urer, and director of the Windsor Machine 
Co. ; president and director of the Wind- 
sor Canning Co. ; and president, director, 
and secretary of the Windsor Electric 
Light Co. Was alternate and acted as 
delegate to the Republican national con- 
vention 1888, which nominated Benjamin 
Harrison for president. In 1899 built 
and donated to the town of Reading a 
substantial brick building, the Gilbert A. 
Davis library building, which contains over 
2,000 volumes. In 1874 and in 1904 
published a History of Reading in two 
volumes ; and with Rev. Dr. Byington 
published a History of the First Congre- 
gational Church in Windsor, which was es- 
tablished in 1758. A member of the Con- 
gregational Church; clerk for 27 years; 
superintendent of the Sunday school ten 
years ; has been three times member of the 
Triennial Conference of Congregational 
Churches. Member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity; past grand of Windsor Lodge No. 
55, I. O. O. F. ; twice a representative to 
the Grand Lodge; member of Ascutney 

DAVIS, Myron Powers, Brattleboro. 
Lawyer. Born Brattleboro, Nov. 1, 1876; 
son of John Alexander and Minnie (Pow- 
ers) Davis. Graduated from Brattleboro 
High School 1894; Vermont Academy 
1897; and Brown University 1901. In 
1907 married Mrs. Mary (Carroll) Beard 
of New Haven. Taught in Bates Acad- 
emy, Stanford, Conn., 1901-3; sang in 
opera 1904-5; did newspaper work and 
studied law 1 906-10; admitted to Vermont 
Bar October, 191O; practiced law from 
then to the present time in Brattleboro. 
A Republican; an Episcopalian. Member 

of Columbian Lodge, F. & A. M.; Bing- 
ham Chapter, O. E. S., of Brattleboro; 
Vermont Wheel Club ; Protective Grange, 
and Vermont Bar Association. 

DAVISON, William A., Burlington. 
Clergyman. Born Ireland, Sept. 15, 
1866; son of William and Elizabeth 
(Clark) Davison. Educated in Worcester 
Academy ; Brown University ; and grad- 
uated from Colgate Divinity School 1 896 ; 
received from Middlebury College degree 
of Doctor of Divinity, 1905. In 1902 mar- 
ried Gertrude M. Johnson of Burlington; 
they have two children, Winifred Esther 
and Eleanor Mae. Ordained to Bap- 
tist ministry 1893; pastor Calvary Bap- 
tist Church, Utica, N. Y., 1893-6; First 
Baptist Church, Montpelier, Vt., 1896-9; 
state secretary and superintendent of mis- 
sions for Vermont Baptist State Conven- 
tion since 1 899- Under his management 
the amount expended yearly for missionary 
work in the state has increased since 1899 
from $4,000 to $16,000, and the permanent 
fund from $24,000 to $214,000. 

DAWLEY, Frank R., Montpelier. 
Merchant. Born Mt. Holly, Jan. 18, 
1851 ; son of Perry Alvinso and Rhoda S. 
(Barber) Dawley. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Shrewsbury, Mt. Holly, and 
East Wallingford. In 1882 married Cora 
M. Miles of Montpelier, who died in 1904; 
they had two children, Eva M. and Angie 
R. (deceased). Came to Montpelier in 
1873, and in 1884 became associated with 
H. R. Wheelock in printing, picture fram- 
ing, and sporting goods business ; is a 
locksmith and safe opener of state-wide 
reputation. Is an independent Republi- 
can; school collector Berlin 1891-2; lister 
Berlin in 1893, 1894, and 1898; constable 
1895-9; in 1899 was elected lister in 
Montpelier for three years, and re-elected 
in 1902; constable Montpelier 1901-2; 
truant officer 1895-1903; in 1904 elected 
alderman from ward 6, serving four years ; 
president of the board 1907; in 1908 nom- 
inated for mayor on the second ballot in a 
citizens' caucus, and elected at March 
meeting; in 1909 was named candidate for 
re-election in the general caucus by accla- 
mation ; this action ratified at March meet- 
ing; in 1910 was elected to serve a third 
term as mayor, making seven years' con- 
tinuous service in the city council; during 
the seven years never missed a regular 




meeting of the board, and never made a 
motion to adjourn. The new city hall was 
built during his administration. During 
his term of office he safeguarded Mont- 
pelier's water supply by acquiring land 
around the ponds that furnish the city 
drinking water. Is an associate member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic; mem- 
ber of \'ermont Lodge No. 2, I. O. O. F.; 
Thomas Wildey Encampment No. 11, I. 
O. O. F.; Montpelier Lodge No. 13, K. P.; 
Suadah Temple No. 140, Knights of Khor- 
assan; charter member of Montpelier 
Board of Trade, and the Montpelier Gun 
Club: life member of State Horticultural 

DEADY, Jeremiah, Montpelier. Mer- 
chant. Born County Kerry, Ireland, Dec. 
13, 1856; son of John and Johanna (Dal- 
ton) Deady. Educated in the public 
schools. In 1876 married Ellen O'Brien 
of Winooski. Mr. Deady was formerly 
section liand at Montpelier; station agent; 
has been engaged in the grocery business 
for the past ten years. Is a Democrat; 
alderman in sixth ward. In religious be- 
lief a Roman Catholic. 

DEA\'ITT, Edward Harrington, 
Montpelier. Lawyer. Born Moretown, 
Dec. 1. 1871; son of Thomas Jefferson 
and Caroline Ellen (Harrington) Deavitt. 
Educated in the public schools of Mont- 
pelier, Lniversity of Vermont, class of 
1893, and Harvard Law School, class of 
1896. In 1901 married Mary Elizabeth 
Tromblee of Montpelier. Admitted to the 
Bar of Suffolk County, Mass., and to the 
Vermont Bar 1 896 ; practiced one year in 
Boston, and since at Montpelier; member 
of the board of bar examiners ; a director 
of the First National Bank of ISIontpel- 
ier; a director and treasurer of the Barre 
& Montpelier Traction and Power Co.; 
Corry-Deavitt-Frost Electric Co.; Capital 
City Gas Co.; and Wetmore & Morse 
Granite Co. Is a Republican; referee in 
bankruj)tcy for Washington County 1898- 
1906; state treasurer and ex-officio one of 
the insurance commissioners since 1.906. 
Member of the A))ollo Club of Montpelier. 

DEA\'ITT, Thomas .J., Montj)eIier. 
Lawyer and banker. Born Richmond, 
Feb. 17, 181-0; son of William and Ches- 
tina (Preston) Deavitt. Educated in the 
public .schools of Moretown, Barre Acad- 

emy, and studied law three years with 
the Hon. Paul Dillingham, Waterbury. 
In 1870 married Carrie E. Harrington of 
South Royalston, Mass. ; they have five 
children, Edward H., Henry M., Carrie 
E., George T., and William* J. In 1863 
worked in a guncap and currycomb fac- 
tory in Troy, N. Y.; returned to Water- 
bury, read law, and was admitted to Ver- 
mont Bar 1866; began practice of law at 
Moretown; after six years removed to 
Montpelier, where he continued his prac- 
tice. Was director, treasurer, and man- 
ager of the Watchman Publishing Co. for 
several years, and edited a popular de- 
partment in the Vermont Watchman called 
"Soldiers' Budget." Is a Republican; was 
superintendent of schools, Moretown; 
member of last constitutional convention, 
held in 1870; president of the Capital 
Savings Bank and Trust Co. since its or- 
ganization in I89I; director in Barre and 
Montpelier Electric Railway Co.; a direc- 
tor in other companies ; j ustice of the 
peace. ^Member of the Congregational 
Church; a Mason. 

DeBOER, Joseph Arend, Montpelier. 
President National Life Insurance Co. 
Born Warfum, Province of Groningen, 
Holland, June 17, I86I; son of John 
Arend and Anje Peiter (Kuiper) DeBoer. 
Educated in the elementary schools at 
Warfum; Grammar School No. 14, Al- 
bany, N. Y.; Albany, N. Y., High School, 
class of 1880; Dartmouth College, A. B. 
1881, and honorary degrees A. M. 1887, 
and Sc. D. 1909. In 1885 married Au- 
gusta Charles Featherly of Albany, N. Y. ; 
they had five children, Ethel Arend, Min- 
nie Arend, Bertha Arend (deceased), Paul 
Kuiper, and Elizabeth Arend, all born at 
Montpelier. Master Holderness School 
for Boys 1884-5; principal Montpelier 
public schools 1885-9; actuary National 
Life Insurance Co. 1889-1902; secretary 
18.97; second vice-president I9OO; vice- 
president 1901, and president since 1902. 
Extensive writer on subjects relating to 
life underwriting and to various historic 
features of the business. President Mont- 
pelier Board of Trade. Is a Republican; 
has served as delegate to county and state 
conventions; president Young Men's Re- 
publican Club, McKinley campaign; sena- 
tor from Washington County 1900; repre- 
sented Montpelier in the Legislature 1.908; 
chairman Republican state convention 




I9IO; chairman commissions on state per- 
manent common school fund 1904, and 
state audit I906; has long and earnestly 
advocated reform in state taxation laws 
as fundamental to Vermont's progress and 
growth; made historical address on Ver- 
mont at Jamestown in 1907, at Montpel- 
ier's centenary at the state capitol, and 
at its dedication of the new city hall in 
1911. Is an Episcopalian; vestryman of 
Christ Church, and has held various offices 
in diocesan administration ; is trustee of 
St. Johnsbury Academy, Montpelier Sem- 
inary, Vermont Episcopal Institute, Wood 
Art Gallery, and Washington County 
Grammar School. Is a 82nd degree Ma- 
son ; charter member of the Actuarial So- 
ciety of America ; member of Kappa Kappa 
Kappa, and Phi Beta Kappa, Dartmouth; 
Vermont Historical Society ; the Apollo 
and Country Clubs of Montpelier; and of 
many other societies in the United States. 

DeLONG, Charles Henry, Shore- 
ham. Farmer. Born Shoreham, Feb. 15, 
1858; son of Henry J. and Lucy M. (Rus- 
sell) DeLong. Educated in the public 
schools, Newton Academy, and Goddard 
Seminary. In 1879 married Nellie ^SI. 
Farnham of Shoreham, who died 1884; 
they had one son, Harry E., who died 
1904; in 1905 married Clara J. Moore 
of Shoreham. After leaving school en- 
gaged in farming and in breeding Merino 
sheep and Morgan horses for about 20 
years ; is at present a dealer in hay and 
produce. Is a Republican ; represented 
Shoreham in the Legislature 1898; senator 
from Addison County 1906; chairman of 
committees on claims and on canvass, and 
member of committees on fish and game, 
manufactures, and immigration and indus- 
trial matters ; was license commissioner 
two years ; has been town agent for the 
past five years. In religious belief a Uni- 
versalist. Member of Simonds Lodge No. 
59, F. & A. M., of Shoreham. 

DEMERITT, Richard N., Waterbury. 
Canning business. Born Waterbury Cen- 
ter in 1850; son of Albert and Laura 
(Smith) Demeritt. Educated at Green 
Mountain Seminary, Waterbury Center. 
In 1874 married Elizabeth D. Stearns of 
Waterbury ; they had three sons. Homer 
D., Henry H., and Roy S.; after her 
death, in I896 married Jessie B. Law of 
Lachute, P. Q. ; they have one daughter, 

Laura E. Engaged as commercial trav- 
eler, selling candy and cigars for H. S. 
Howe, Rutland, 1871-85; in the cracker 
and candy business at Plattsburg 1885- 
1905; in 1905 went into the canning busi- 
ness at Waterbury ; when the Demeritt & 
Palmer Packing Co. was organized was 
made president, which office he still holds. 
Is a Democrat. Member and trustee of 
the Methodist Church; superintendent of 
the Sunday school. Member of W^inooski 
Lodge No. 49, F. & A. M.; Waterbury 
Chapter No. 24, R. A. M.; Mount Zion 
Commandery No. 9, K. T., Montpelier; 
Oriental Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., Trov, 
N. Y. 

DERBY, BuEL John, Burlington. 
Postmaster. Born Huntington, March 8, 
1839; son of John and Sarah (Buel) 
Derby. Educated in the public schools. 
In 1866 married Arvilla C. Wheeler of 
Bristol; they have one daughter, Geor- 
giana, now wife of Thomas B. Hanna of 
Burlington. Came to Burlington 1859, 
and became clerk in the Burlington post- 
office under David A. Danforth, then post- 
master; in I860 went to Rutland as clerk 
in the Rutland post-office. In September, 
I862, enlisted as private in Co. K, 12th 
Vermont Volunteers; detailed and served 
as commissary and quartermaster sergeant ; 
was appointed quartermaster of the 17th 
Vermont Volunteers in April, 1864, serv- 
ing until the close of the war. Engaged 
for one year in the manufacture of chairs 
at Bristol; came to Burlington as assistant 
postmaster February, 1867, serving eight 
years ; appointed postmaster by General 
Grant March, 1875, which office he held 
to 1887. In 1899 was again appointed 
postmaster by President McKinley, which 
office he still holds. Mr. Derby is a Re- 
publican; holds commissions as postmaster 
of Burlington from Presidents Grant, 
Hayes, Arthur, McKinlej^ Taft and two 
from President Roosevelt. In 1888 was 
delegate to Republican national conven- 
tion, Chicago; city school commissioner 
1898-9; 1887-9 was superintendent of Ver- 
mont State Agricultural Society and 
Champlain Valley Association; director of 
Denison Land and Investment Co., Deni- 
son, Tex., 1889-1903, last three years 
president and general manager; incor- 
porator and director Burlington Grocery 
Co. since organization 1894. Member of 
Stannard Post No. 2, G. A. R.; Order of 




the Loyal Legion; Vermont Commandery; 
Washington Lodge No. 3. F. & A. ^L ; and 
the Ethan Allen Club. 

DERVEN. John J.. Poultney. Physi- 
cian and surgeon. Born West Rutland, 
April '20, 188^2; son of John C. and Brid- 
get (Conniff) Derven. Educated at West 
Rutland graded schools, graduated from 
Rutland High School 1902, and Univer- 
sity of Vermont College of Medicine 1906. 
In" 1911 married Gertrude M. Murphy of 
West Rutland. Has practiced medicine in 
Poultney since graduation. A Democrat. 
Member of Roman Catholic Church. Mem- 
ber of Phi Chi fraternity; first president 
Catholic Club. University of Vermont; 
member Ancient Order of Hibernians, 
county secretary of Rutland County; mem- 
ber of Rutland County Medical Society, 
Vermont State Medical Society, American 
Medical Association, the Grange, and sec- 
retary of Poultney Improvement Associa- 

DEWEY, George, Washington, D. C. 
Admiral of the Navy. Born Montpelier, 
Dec. 26, 1837; son of Dr. Julius Yemans 
and Mary (Percival) Dewey. Prepara- 
tory education at Montpelier public 
schools; Norwich University; appointed 
to Naval Academy Sept. 23, 1854; gradu- 
ated 1858, LL. D., University of Pennsyl- 
vania, Princeton University 1898. In 1867 
married Susie, daughter of Gov. Ichabod 
Goodwin of New Hampshire, who died 
1872; in 1899 married Mrs. Mildred (Mc- 
Lean) Hazen of Washington. Attached to 
steam frigate Wabash, Mediterranean 
squadron, until I86I, then to steam sloop 
Mississippi of West Gulf squadron; 
commissioned lieutenant April 19, I86I; 
in P'arragut's squadron which forced the 
passage of Fort St. Philip and Fort Jack- 
son, April, 1862, and participated in at- 
tack on Fort St. Philip and the subse- 
quent fights with gunboats and ironclads 
which gave Farragut possession of New 
Orh-ans. In the smoke of the battle of 
Port Hudson the Mississippi lost her 
bearings and ran ashore under the guns of 
the land batteries, and the officers and 
men took to the boats after setting the 
vessel on fire. Was afterwards on several 
vessels in Nortli Atlantic blockading 
squadron, then in European squadron, and 
later on various dutifs and at different 
stations, being proniritcd commander April, 

1872; captain, Sept., 1884; commodore, 
Feb. 9. I896. In January, 1898, assumed 
command of Asiatic squadron; on May 1, 
1898, he commanded in the battle of Ma- 
nila Bay, completely annihilating the 
Spanish Asiatic squadron under Admiral 
Montojo, destroying eleven and capturing 
all other vessels without the loss of a man 
on the American side. Immediately upon 
receipt of official news of victory, he was 
promoted to rear admiral and thanked by 
resolution of Congress; subsequently 
(Mar. 3, 1899) made admiral of the Navy, 
under Act of Congress, approved Mar, 2, 
1899; Sept. 28, 1899, an official party of 
17 Vermonters headed by Bvt. Maj.-Gen. 
Theo. S. Peck, adjutant general, visited 
Admiral Dewey on board the flagship 
Olympia in New York harbor, and in- 
formed him that a grand welcome awaited 
him among the green hills of his native 
state. The date for the reception having 
been set for Oct. 12, 1899, the admiral 
journeyed by special train to Shelburne 
Farms on Tuesday, Oct. 10, where he was 
the guest of Dr. W. Seward Webb, being 
greeted on his arrival by 3,000 people. At 
Montpelier, Oct. 12, a royal welcome was 
given "Admiral Dewey, Vermont's most 
distinguished son," the hero of Manila 
Bay being greeted by 50,000 people. 
Among the events of the day was the con- 
ferring of the degree of LL.D. by the 
University of Vermont. On the following 
day. Admiral Dewey laid the corner stone 
to Dewey Hall, Norwich University, 
Northfield, the oration being delivered by 
Hon. Chauncey M. Depew of New York. 
Office, Mills Building; residence, I6OI K 
St., Washington, D. C. 

DEWEY, Julius Edward, Montpelier. 
Physician. Born Montpelier, Jan. 14, 
1878; son of Edward and Susan Griggs 
(Lilley) Dewey. Educated at Montpelier 
Grammar School; Vermont Episcopal In- 
stitute ; University of Vermont, medical 
department. Member of Washington 
County Medical Society; Vermont Medi- 
cal Society; Delta Mu medical fraternity; 
and Alpha Tan Omega fraternity. Pri- 
vate in Co. H, 1st Vermont Infantry, 
U. S. v., in the Sj)anish-American war. 
Is a Republican, and an Episcopalian. 

DeWITT, Frank Austin, Newfane. 
Banker. Born Elyria. O., Feb. 9, 1864; 
son of Rollin Converse and Charlotte P. 






(Birchard) DeWitt. Educated in the 
public schools of Elyria, and Eastman's 
Business College. In 1898 married Lena 
Ware of Hillsboro, 111. ; they have four 
children^ De Weese Ware, Ralph Birch- 
ard, Frank Austin, Jr., and Charlotte. 
Has been employed 28 years in the New- 
fane Savings Bank, the first 14 years as 
assistant treasurer ; since then treasurer. 
A Republican ; town treasurer since 1 899 ; 
member of school board 1905-10; town 
auditor 1896-9; moderator 1911; and 
county auditor since 1898; represented 
Newfane in the Legislature 1910. A Con- 
gregationalist. Past master Blazing Star 
Lodge No. 23, F. & A. M., of Townshend ; 
member of Fort Dummer Chapter No. 
12, R. A. M.; Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic 
Shrine; Newfane Lodge No. 72, I. O. 
O. F., chaplain for past three years ; past 
master Newfane Grange, treasurer of 
Grange five years; trustee and treasurer 
of the Moore Free Library Association 
since 1902. 

DIKE, Ezra C, Bristol. Merchant 
Born Bolton, April 4, 1837; son of David 
C. and Abi (Barber) Dike. Educated 
in the public schools. In 1868 married 
Lucy Rood of Richmond; she died 1872; 
they had one daughter. Bertha L. ; mar- 
ried Sarah Needham of Bristol; they have 
two children, Edgar Needham and Lucy 
L. (Mrs. H. C. Palmer). Began business 
as a tin peddler, in company with Shedd 
& Walker, continuing nine years; in 1870, 
under the firm name of Dike, Bixby & 
Co., began a business in hardware and 
farming tools in Bristol; the firm lasted 
three years, when he purchased the in- 
terest of his partners, continuing to date. 
Is a Republican ; represented Bristol in 
the Legislature 1910; has been selectman, 
overseer of the poor, and school director; 
is now lister. 

DILLINGHAM, W^illiam P. Govern- 
or 1888-90. See page 48. 

DIMOND, George Mason, Boston 
and Bedford, Mass. Editor. Born 
Grafton, Vt., April 24, 1864; son of 
Stephen M. and Mary (Jones) Dimond. 
Educated in the public schools and Ver- 
mont Academy at Saxtons River. In 1888 
married Mary Brown of Athens. Began 
newspaper work in office of Bellows Falls 

Times as printer's apprentice ; for a time 
edited and published monthly paper called 
"The People's Monthly," circulated in 
northern Windham County ; printer on 
Palmer (Mass.) Journal one year; re- 
porter for Springfield (Mass.) Republi- 
can and Associated Press in Hampden 
County, Mass., and correspondent for 
Boston Sunday Globe one year; editor of 
Boston Commonwealth 1885-6; became re- 
porter on city staff Boston Globe 1886; 
made assistant city editor 1891; member 
of Globe editorial staff since; correspond- 
ent many years of New York Mail and 
National Daily Hotel Reporter of Chi- 
cago ; pioneer in work of publicity regard- 
ing Vermont as a summer resort state; 
writer of several booklets and many news- 
paper columns of matter descriptive of 
Vermont; writer of chapter on Boston 
Vermonters in second edition of "Men of 
Vermont" ; one of organizers, and now 
trustee, of Greater Boston Associates, a 
Boston real estate association. A Repub- 
lican; selectman of town of Bedford, 
Mass., 1904-10; agitated matter and 
brought about electric lighting system for 
town 1905; secured legislation for pur- 
pose and had charge of constructing $60,- 
000 town water system 1908; brought 
about several other town improvements ; 
chairman of board of water commissioners 
since 1907. An attendant of the Con- 
gregational church. Member of Vermont 
Association of Boston, member of execu- 
tive committee 1910-11; one of the or- 
ganizers of Vermont Academy Club of 
Boston, its president two years ; member 
of Newspaper Club of Boston ; Robinson 
Lodge, F. & A. M., of Lexington, Mass.; 
and Vermont Historical Society. 

DIVOLL, Natt Lincoln, Rockingham. 
Farmer. Born Rockingham, Sept. 1, 
1864; son of John L. and Flora (Olcott) 
Divoll. Educated in the common schools, 
Vermont Academy, and a graduate from 
Eastman's Business College, Poughkeep- 
sie, N. Y. In 1909 married Louie Jamie- 
son of Cabot ; they have two children, 
Faire Jamieson and Flora Isabell. Is a 
Republican; represented Rockingham in 
the Legislature 1908-9; member State 
Fair Commission 1909-11, and a member 
of its executive committee 1910-11. A 
Congregationalist ; member of Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows, and the 




DOAXE, I. Randall, Springfield. 
Physician and surgeon. Born Bakersfield, 
Jan. 19, 1S77: son of Bradley J. and 
Ellen H'. (Randall) Doane. Educated in 
Bakersfield public schools. Brigham Acad- 
emy, and University of Vermont Medical 
College. In IpO.i married Lucy Ellen 
Whitney of Putney; they have two chil- 
dren, Whitney Randall and Shirley. Lo- 
cated at Putney 1905; moved to Spring- 
field 190 8, where he has since practiced 
his profession. Is a Republican; in re- 
ligious belief a Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber American Medical Association. Ver- 
mont State Medical Society, and Wind- 
ham County Medical Society and examiner 
for many old line insurance companies. 
Member St. John's Lodge No. 41, F. & 
A. M., Springfield. 

DODDS, Ward Beacher, North Hero. 
Farmer, stock breeder, and fruit grower. 
Born North Hero. March 12, 1867; son of 
John and Huldah (Hazen) Dodds of good 
old Scotch descent. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of the town, Barre Academy, 
and Burlington High School, class of 1885. 
In 1888 married Mar}' L., daughter of 
Hon. Judge Heman W. Allen of North 
Hero; they have five children, John Allen, 
Ira Heman, Beulah, Irene and Elsie. 
Has always followed farming, and now 
owns one of the best farms in Grand Isle 
County, consisting of what is now called 
Island Home Farms of four hundred acres, 
upon which he has built extensive modern 
barns and dwelling house, and has set 
1,000 fruit trees, mostly winter varieties, 
the greater part of which are now in bear- 
ing. Since 1897 has made a specialty of 
breeding Holstein-Friesian cattle, introduc- 
ing at that time the first thoroughbreds in 
his part of the state. At the present time 
the herd consists of sixty-five head, all 
registered and many with large official 
records, and headed by the senior bull 
Sir Hengerveld Segis No. 46771, a son 
of King Segis. Has recently taken his 
two sons as partners in his quite extensive 
})iisiness. In politics a Republican; rep- 
resented North Hero in the Legislature 
l.fi06; member of the state fair commission 
for three years; assistant judge of county 
court since 1907; appointed by Cjovernor 
Mf-ad delegate to American Cattle Con- 
gress 1911. Member of Isle of Patmos 
Lodge No. 16, F. & A. M. 

DODGE, Clarence B., Lyndonville. 
Merchant. Born Thetford, Feb. 25, I86I; 
son of George E. and Cornelia E. (Blake) 
Dodge. Educated in the public schools 
and Lyndon Institute. In 1884 married 
Elva S. Palmer of Lyndon; they have one 
son, Ralph. Was employed in his father's 
furniture store until 1889, when his father 
died and he took charge of the business ; 
in I895 took as partner Claude Watson, 
continuing the business under the firm 
name of Dodge & Watson to date. Is a 
Republican. In religious belief a Con- 
gregationalist. Member of the Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows and the Red 

DODGE, Prentiss Cutler, Randolph. 
Editor and publisher. Born East Mont- 
pelier, Feb. 13, 1849; son of Robert and 
Alma C. (Wheeler) Dodge. Attended 
public school until 13 years old, when he 
was apprenticed to the printer's trade in 
the Argus and Patriot office, Montpelier, 
In I869 married Emma L. Phillips of 
Littleton, N. H., who died in 1871; they 
had one son who died in infancy; in 1905 
married Maude L. Taber of Minneapolis, 
Minn. In 1872, as manager of United 
States Central Publishing Co. of New 
York, made a tour through the Southern 
states ; later followed calling of commer- 
cial traveler in various lines of trade. 
Burlington correspondent for Rutland 
Herald 1890-1; editor and publisher Bur- 
lington Independent 1891-8; founder 
Ciranite City Leader, at Barre, 1891 ; Bur- 
lington correspondent Boston Daily Globe 
1 895-1906, and for other New England 
and New York papers at various times; 
legislative correspondent St. Albans Mes- 
senger and Burlington Daily News, ses- 
sions of 1904 and 1906; member of Ullery 
Publishing Co., Burlington; compiled and 
edited Encyclopedia Vermont Biography 
1912. Is a Democrat; immigrant inspec- 
tor district of Vermont 1893-7; chairman 
Democratic County Committee 1912; 
chairman 2nd Congressional District Com- 
mittee 1912; alternate delegate national 
Democratic convention at Baltimore 1912. 
In religious preference a Unitarian. Mem- 
ber of Vermont Press Club; past chancel- 
lor and charter member Chami^lain Lodge 
No. 7, K. P., and member Royal Arcanum 
of Burlington. 




DOLE, Nelson A., Danville. Mer- 
cliant. Born Danville, June 21, 1859; 
son of Joel R, and Emily (Nutting) Dole. 
Educated in the public schools. In 1891 
married Susan M. Durant of Danville. 
Has always lived in Danville. Followed 
farming previous to 1889; since then in 
the mercantile business. A Republican ; 
postmaster since 1897. Was colonel on 
the staff of Gov. C. J. Bell from 1904- to 
1906. Has been secretary and treasurer 
of the Danville Creamery Association 
since its organization in 1891 and general 
manager since 1900. 

DONOWAY, James Bernard, Middle- 
bury. Lawyer. Born Vergennes, March 
31, 1869; son of James and Ellen (Nor- 
ton) Donoway. Preparatory education, 
Beeman Academy, New Haven; B. S. 
Middlebury College 1893. In 19OI mar- 
ried Estelle Lou Kinney of South Hero; 
they have two children, Marion Estelle 
and Frances Ellen. Studied law with 
Hon. Seneca Haselton, Burlington; ad- 
mitted to Bar 1 896 ; engaged in practice 
at Middlebury since 1899- A Republican; 
states attorney Addison County 1900-4; 
member of Vermont Senate I9O8, member 
judiciary committee, revision, rules, and 
chairman of committee on corporations ; 
attorney for town of Middlebury. Mem- 
ber Masonic fraternity. Knights of Pyth- 
ias, and Delta Upsilon fraternity. 

DOWNER, Charles, Sharon. Busi- 
ness man. Born Sharon, May 14, 1866; 
son of Chester and Frances E. (Shepard) 
Downer. Educated at Boston Latin 
School, Boston, Mass, ; Harvard College, 
and Harvard Law School ; degrees from 
Harvard University A. B. and LL. B. 
Mr. Downer is unmarried. A Republican ; 
represented Sharon in the Legislature 
1898 and 1904; senator from Windsor 
County 1902; delegate to Republican na- 
tional convention 1904; member Repub- 
lican State committee. Member Union 
Club of Boston; Harvard Club of New 
York; Harvard Club of Boston; Kitchi 
Gammi Club of Duluth, Minn. ; and Lake 
Mitchell Trout Club of Sharon. 

DRAPER, Fred Wilson, Enosburg 
Falls. Banker. Born Sheldon, Aug. 12, 
1858; son of Wilson and Martha (Kim- 
hall) Draper. Educated at Montpelier 
Seminary, graduated 1878. In 1889 mar- 

ried Lucy A., daughter of Gen. and Mrs. 
Carmi L. Marsh of Enosburg Falls; they 
have one daughter, Ruth. Learned the 
drug business at Essex, N. Y. ; went to 
Boston and became clerk in Parker House, 
continuing six years; engaged in farming 
at Enosburg until organization of Enos- 
burg Falls Savings Bank and Trust Co. 
in 1899j when he became its treasurer, 
continuing to date ; for 2>ast 1 5 years has 
operated a successful creamery in connec- 
tion with farm at North Sheldon; in 191O 
organized and became the president of 
the Domina Mfg. Co. for the development 
of the water power for electric liglits and 
power and the manufacture of hardwood 
flooring. A Republican; has held many 
of the town offices. A Methodist. Mem- 
ber of Lincoln Lodge No. 78, F. & A. M. 

DREW, Gardner A., Barton. Retired 
manufacturer. Born Stanstead, P. Q., 
Sept. 9, 1838; son of Arba StimiDSon and 
Sarepta (Burr) Drew. Educated at pub- 
lic schools and Derby Academy. In 1862 
married Edna E. Camp of Derby; they 
have one son, Arthur S. Previous to 19O8 
was engaged in the manufacture of doors, 
blinds, and house finishings at Barton; 
was overseer of construction of school 
building in Barton I906-8. Is a Repub- 
lican; represented Barton in Legislature 

DREW, Ira Walton, Philadelphia, 
Pa. Osteopathic physician. Born Hard- 
wick, Vt, Aug. 31, 1878; son of John 
H. and Fannie (Walton) Drew. Edu- 
cated at St. Johnsbury public schools, 
Hardwick Academy, and Philadelphia 
College of Osteopathy. In 1912 married 
Margaret Spencer of Brooklyn. Out. 
Learned printer's trade on St. Johnsbury 
Caledonian, later reporter for that paper; 
became reporter for Burlington Free 
Press in 1899, was later news editor on 
Boston American, Boston Herald, and 
Philadelphia North American. Began 
practice of osteopathy in Philadelphia in 
1911- Served ten years in Vermont Na- 
tional Guard as private and on non-com- 
missioned staff. A Republican. An 
Episcopalian; director Bethesda Rescue 
Mission for Men in Philadelphia. Mem- 
ber Burlington Lodge, F. & A. M., former 
senior warden; Burlington Chapter, R. A. 
M. ; Vermont Consistory. Scottish Rite 
Masons; Burlington Lodge of Elks, 




former secretary ; Phildelphia Pen and 
Pencil Club; Boston Press Club; Phila- 
delphia Continental Republican Club; 
secretary Philadelphia Union Republican 
Club; president Philadelphia Southern 
Osteopathic Dispensary Association; 
former national treasurer Iota Tau Sigma 
Fraternity; member American Osteo- 
pathic Association; Pennsylvania Osteo- 
pathic Association; Philadelphia County 
Osteopathic Society; Cynwyd Neighbor- 
hood Club, and Cynwyd Country Club. 

DROUIX, JoHX A., St. Johnsbury. 
Physician. Born at St. Johnsbury, Jan. 
I, 1879; son of J. O. and Mary (Rich- 
ard) Drouin. Educated at St. Johnsbury 
parochial school. Barbour's Business Col- 
lege ; studied languages and science at 
Sherbrooke and Quebec Seminaries ; medi- 
cine at Laval and Baltimore Medical 
Schools, graduating from the latter with 
honorable mention. Employed during two 
years at private hospital at Brattleboro ; 
and is now a general practitioner. Has 
given much time to music, having studied 
under leading teachers in Canada ; organist 
at college and university chapels ; assist- 
ant to the regular organist at the Quebec 
basilica; choirmaster at Burlington; at 
present organist and choirmaster at Notre 
Dame Church, directing a men's and boys' 
choir of thirty voices and a mixed choir 
of about twenty-five voices ; is well known 
for his interpretation of Catholic church 
music. Is independent in politics. Mem- 
ber of several fraternal, medical, college, 
and musical organizations. 

DROWN, George B., Sharon. Hotel 
keeper. Born Sharon, July 12, 1861; 
son of Charles I. and Diana C. (Porter) 
Drown. Educated in the public schools. 
In 1883 married Minnie A. Howe of 
Sharon ; they have one son, Mark G. En- 
gaged in the hotel and livery business 
since 1910. A Republican; selectman 
1S80-.S; road commissioner 1900-5; lister 
and overseer of the poor several years; 
justice of the peace for past 10 years; 
cfiairman Republican town committee sev- 
eral years; represented Sharon in the 
Legislature 19J0; a member of committee 
«)ii higliways and bridges. In religious 
j>r»f<rence a Congregationalist. Member 
.Sharon Lodgf No. U)j, ¥. & A. M., and 
of Sharon fjrange. 

DUHA^IEL, Treffle Isidore, Bur- 
lington. Druggist. Born Burlington, 
April 4, 1872; son of Leanide and Elmire 
(Vincent) Duhamel. Educated at the 
French parochial school, and a graduate of 
St. Joseph's College 1888. After leaving 
college was engaged for three years at 
the drug store of J. W. O'Sullivan; was 
five years with W. H. Zottman & Co., and 
one year with Eugene Gosselin & Bros. In 
1897 purchased drug store on Elmwood 
Avenue, which he still conducts. Is a 
member of St. Joseph's Roman Catholic 
Church; member of the choir since 1890; 
for the past nine years director of funeral 
services ; is a member of St. Joseph's So- 
ciety; L'Union St. Jean Baptiste; Order 
of Elks; Knights of Columbus; Modern 
Woodmen of America; Chevaliers de 
Champlain; Montcalm Club; National As- 
sociation of Retail Druggists; Vermont 
State Pharmaceutical Association; and 
Burlington Retail Druggists' Association. 

DUKESHIRE, Willard Baker, St. 
Albans. Clergyman. Born Maitland, N. S., 
1861 ; son of Isaac and Eliza (Leadbetter) 
Dukeshire. Educated at Maine Wesley an 
Seminary, Kent's Hill, Me., and Wesleyan 
University, class of 1892. In 1896 mar- 
ried Harriet Pennell of Brunswick, Me. ; 
they have two sons, Robert Pennell and 
Theodore Skolfield. Mr. Dukeshire was 
a member of Maine Methodist Episcopal 
Conference, with pastorates at Brunswick, 
1892-1895, and Farmington, 1895-9; of 
East Maine Conference, with pastorate at 
Orono 1899-1904; and is now a member 
of Vermont Conference, with pastorates 
at Montpelier, 1904-7, and Barton, since 
1907. Is a Republican; member Psi Upsi- 
lon fraternity; Orleans Lodge No. 55, F. 
& A. ]\L; and is an Odd Fellow. 

DUNKLEE, Adelbert Admiral, Ver- 
non. Farmer. Born Vernon, April 19. 
1 86.S ; son of Nelson and Orsaline (Stod- 
dard) Dunklee. Educated at Vernon pub- 
lic schools, and Powers Institute, Ber- 
nardston, Mass. In 1886 married Flor- 
ence Esther Brown of Vernon; they have 
three children, Louella Florence (Mrs. C. 
S Tenney, Northfield, Mass.), Ernest 
Walter, and Warren Bixby, both students 
at Mt. Hermon School. Taught school in 
Chesterfield, N. H., and Westminster, Vt., 
four termfi, then took charge of his fa- 






ther's farm at Vernon^ which he purchased 
two years later and where he has carried 
on quite an extensive dairy business ever 
since. A Republican; represented Ver- 
non in the Legislature 1902; superintend- 
ent of schools three years ; member of the 
school board 10 years and chairman for 
several years past; town treasurer for 
past 14 years; justice of the peace for 22 
years ; selectman, road commissioner and 
lister several times. Member of the Ad- 
vent Christian Church of South Vernon ; 
treasurer of the church several years ; 
superintendent of the Sunday school more 
than 20 years. Was first master of the 
State Line Grange of South Vernon. 

DUNNETT, Alexander, St. Johns- 
bury. Lawyer. Born Peacham, Nov. 29, 
1852; son of Andrew and Christianna 
(Galbraith) Dunnett. Educated at pub- 
lic schools of Peacham and Ryegate, New- 
bury Seminary, Mclndoes Academy, and 
Randolph Normal School. In 1879 mar- 
ried Ella J. White of Ryegate; she died 
in 1881 ; in 1884 married Sarah M. Towne 
of Barre; she died in 1888; in 1890 mar- 
ried Mrs. Ella Chalmers of St. Johnsbury. 
Studied law with Hon. Nelson L. Boyden 
of Randolph and at the law school of 
Boston University ; admitted to Vermont 
Bar 1877; practiced law at South Rj^egate 
until 1883, when he moved to St. Johns- 
bury and formed a partnership with A. F. 
Nichols, Esq., which continued until 1886; 
since 1895 has been a member of the law 
firm of Dunnett & Slack. Is a Republi- 
can; state's attorney Caledonia County 
1886-90; senator from Caledonia County 
19OO; chairman Republican state conven- 
tion; U. S. district attorney, district of 
Vermont, since October, 1906. Is a Uni- 
tarian. Past master of Pulaski Lodge No. 
58, F. & A. M., of Wells River; past high 
priest of Haswell Chapter No. 11, R. A. 
M.; member of Caledonia Council No. 13, 
R. & S. M.; and Palestine Commanderv 
No. 5, K. T. 

DUNTON, Charles Howard, Poult- 
ney. Educator. Born Underbill, Jan. 
24, 1844; son of Elijah and Mary Ann 
(French) Dunton. Prepared for college 
at New Hampton Institution, Fairfax; 
graduated from University of Vermont 
1 870 ; student Boston Theological Semi- 
nary 1871-72; D. D., Syracuse Univer- 
sity, 1886. In 1872 married Annette W. 

Belding, daughter of Judge Samuel Bel- 
ding, Johnson. Ordained to ministry of 
Methodist Episcopal Church 1872; pastor 
iNIanchester 1872-74; member of the Gen- 
eral Conference in 1892. Superintendent 
of schools for Manchester 1873; teacher 
of mathematics in Troy Conference Acad- 
emy 1874-77, then principal of that in- 
stitution from 1877 until 1897, when, on 
account of poor health, he resigned; for 
two years examiner of teachers for Rut- 
land County; served as dean of Claflin 
University 1899; in 1900 recalled to the 
principalship of Troy Conference Acad- 
emy, which position he resigned in 1912; 
is the oldest in service of the secondary 
school principals of the state ; was State 
Normal School examiner 1881-91. He 
served as a private in the 13th Vermont 
Regiment in the Civil War. A represen- 
tative of Vermont in the Interstate Edu- 
cational Convention at Louisville, 1883, 
which framed the "Blair Bill"; member 
of Vermont House of Representatives 
1898-1 900, chairman committee on educa- 
tion. For three years president of the 
Association of Principals of Conference 
Academies; 1905-09 president of Vermont 
State Anti-Saloon League. Upon the in- 
corporation of the village of Poultney, he 
was elected its first president; after three 
successive elections, resigned in I91O. By 
appointment of Governor Mead, delegate 
to the Interstate Liquor Traffic Confer- 
ence in Washington, D. C, Dec. 14, 19IL 
Is a member of Joyce Post No. 49, G. A. 
R., and its commander. 

DURICK, Jeremiah C, Fair Haven. 
Insurance and real estate. Born Castle- 
ton, Sept. 18, 1869; son of John and 
Helen (Copps) Durick. Educated in the 
public schools of Castleton, and Albany 
(N. Y.) Commercial College. In 1905 
married Mary A. Breman of Fair Haven; 
they have two daughters, Mary Helen 
and Margaret. When a boy learned the 
trade of marble cutting; for the past 15 
years has conducted a general insurance 
business in Castleton and Fair Haven. A 
Democrat; represented Castleton in the 
Legislature 1902 and 1904; member of 
railroad committee 1902 and sub-commit- 
tee of senate and house which drew the 
law reorganizing the railroad commission. 
Constable and tax collector, Fair Haven, 
since 1908. A Roman Catholic. Member 
of Knights of Columbus, first grand knight 




of Fair Haven Council Xo. SIO. which 
office he held for five successive terms; 
also member Prospect Grange No. 429, of 
Fair Haven. 

DUTTOX. Jacob Fifeld, Montpelier. 
Commercial traveler. Born Hardwick, Oct. 
15. 1858; son of Zalmon S. and Sallie 
(Henderson) Dutton. Educated in the 
public schools and Hardwick Academy. 
In 1881 married Xellie J. Bedell of Hard- 
wick; they have four children^ Harold B.^ 
Lou 'SI.. Ruth G.. and Wentworth H. Has 
been a commercial traveler for 30 years, 
mostly in Xew England ; is president of 
Montpelier Real Estate Co. Is a Repub- 
lican. In religious belief a Congrega- 
tionalist; chairman of prudential commit- 
tee for several years. A member of New 
England Order of Protection. 

DUTTOX. Walter A., Hardwick. 
Lawyer. Born Walden, Jan. 21, I860; son 
of Alonzo E. and Elizabeth F. (Dutton) 
Dutton. Educated in the public schools of 
"\^'alden. St. Johnsbury and Hardwick 
Academies, and ^Montpelier Seminary; 
studied law in the office of Hon. George 
'\^". Wing. Montpelier; admitted to Ver- 
mont Bar 1885. In 1886 married Nellie 
C. Place of Hardwick; they have one 
daughter, Alice M. Has practiced law 
since 1 895 ; in partnership with William 
H. Taylor 1895-1906; in 19IO formed 
partnership with Bernard J. ]\Iulcalm. Is 
a Republican. Member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church; and the Knights of 

DYER. Frank C, Salisbury. Mer- 
chant. Born Salisbury, June 10, 1866; 
son of John Morton and Sarah E. (Cur- 
tis) Dyer. Educated in the public 
schools, and Beeman Academy, New 
Haven. In 1891 married Jessie E. 
Beaudry of Rutland; they have two chil- 
dren, Jessie ^L1rgucrite and Carroll 
Francis. Since 1892 Mr. Dyer has been 
engaged in general mercantile business in 
.Salisbury; store and contents d( stroyed by 
fir*- in I910, but rebuilt. A Rei)ui)lican ; 
represented Salisbury in the legislature 
IS96. chairman of eorninittee on Vermont 
Industrial School ; was jjostmaster from 
1898 to 1906; deputy sheriff 1899 to 
1906; school director, and chairman of the 
board since I90O; has bfen uiciubcr of the 
board of selectmen, and held minor town 

offices; elected assistant judge of the Ad- 
dison County Court in 1906, and re- 
elected 19O8; secretary of Addison County 
Agricultural Society 1887-91 and 1895- 
7, president of the society 190i-5, and • 
again elected secretary 1911- Was chair- 
man of Republican county committee 
1904-8. Has been member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church 17 years, nearly 
all of which time he has been member of 
the official board ; has been a delegate to 
three Lay Electoral Conferences of the 
church; was a delegate to the congress of 
the laymen's missionary movement held at 
Chicago 1910. Member of Union Lodge 
Xo. 2, F. & A. M.; Potter Chapter Xo. 22, 
R. A. M.; Middlebury Council No. 14, R. 
& S. M.; Mount Calvarj^ Commandery Xo. 

I, Knights Templar; and Otter Creek 
Lodge, Knights of Pythias. 

DYER, William H., Middletown 
Springs. Merchant. Born Salisbury, 
Aug. 15, 1871 ; son of John M. and Sarah 
E. (Curtis) Dyer. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools and Beeman Academy, New 
Haven. In 1893 married Lizzie B. Whit- 
ney of Salisbury; they have two daugh- 
ters, Gladys Emma and Marion Sarah. 
Engaged in farming for 10 years; in 
1899 removed to Middletown Springs, and 
conducted a general mercantile business, 
which he has continued to date. Is a Re- 
publican; town clerk and justice of the 
peace for the past 10 years; has also 
served as selectman, and in various other 
town offices ; represented Middletown 
Springs in the Lesrislature 1904; member 
of the general committee, serving as its 
secretary. In religious preference a Con- 
gregationalist. Member of Morning Star 
Lodge Xo. 37, F. & A. M.; Poultney 
Chapter Xo. 10, R. A. M.; Killington 
Commandery Xo. 6, K. T. ; Cairo Temple, 
A. A. O. X! M. S., of Rutland; and Mid- 
dletown Springs Grange Xo. 288. 

EASTMAX, Albert Clinton, Wood- 
stock. Physician. Born Barnard, Sept. 

II . 1 879 ; son of Horace A. and Martha 
A. (Perry) Eastman. Educated at Wood- 
stock High School and University of Ver- 
mont Medical College, M. D. 1903, gradu- 
ating second in a class of thirty-two. In 
1903 married Angela E. French of Bar- 
nard. They have one daughter, Elaine 
I'rcneh. Has been engaged in the practice 
of medicine in Woodstock since 1903. Is 




a Republican. In religious belief a Uni- 
versalist. A member of Woodstock Lodge 
No. 46, F. & A. M.; Vermont State Medi- 
cal Society^ and White River Valley Medi- 
cal Society. 

EATON, Francis Arthur, Randolph. 
Osteopathic physician. Born Randolph, 
Oct. 23, 1870; son of Daniel Webster and 
Ellen C. (Orcutt) Eaton. Educated at 
Randolph State Normal School, class of 
1887; Norwich University, class of 1891, 
and graduate of American School of Os- 
teopathy January, 1900. In 1901 mar- 
ried Ella H. Cushman of Randolph. 
Taught school 1887-8; served apprentice- 
ship in pharmacy with C. A. Smith, Barre, 
1891-3; was proprietor of Crescent Phar- 
macy', Barre, 1893-6; practiced osteopathy 
Philadelphia, Pa., 1900-1; Randolph, 
1902-3; Maiden, Mass., 1904-5; and in 
Randolph 1905 to present time. Is a 
Democrat^ village trustee. Member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mem- 
ber of Hiawatha Lodge No. 20, I. O. 
O. F.; Sons of Veterans; the Red Men; 
and the Theta Chi, Norwich University. 

EATON, Harvey W., Bradford. Lum- 
ber manufacturer. Born Danville, Aug. 
27, 1878; son of George E. and Josephine 
(Walker) Eaton. Educated at St. Johns- 
bury Academy. In 1902 married Lulu 
F. Sanderson of Troy, N. Y. ; they have 
two children, George H. and Lester W. 
In business in a general store in Brad- 
ford 1901-3; in the lumber business since 
tliat time. Is director in the Bradford 
National Bank. Mr. Eaton is a Repub- 
lican, and has held most of the important 
town and village offices ; represented Brad- 
ford in the Legislature 1910. In relig- 
ious preference an Episcopalian ; member 
Charity Lodge No. 43, F. & A. M.; Mt. 
Lebanon Chapter No. 13, R. A. M.; Pal- 
estine Commandery No. 5, K. T. ; and 
Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic Shrine. 

EATON, Oscar G., Waitsfield. Un- 
dertaker. Born Bakersfield. Feb. 26, 
1853; son of Jairus and Hannah (Gid- 
dings) Eaton. Educated in the public 
schools. In 1876 married Alice J. Mills 
of Warren; they have two sons, Fred J. 
and Frank L. Followed farming until 
28 years of age; employed in a hardware 
store five years, when he purchased a tin 
and hardware business in Waitsfield, con- 

tinuing same until 1897, when he engaged 
in the lumber business for nine years, 
owning two sawmills in Waitsfield; for 
several 3'ears has been engaged in the 
imdertaking business. A Republican ; has 
held the offices of constable, auditor, lister, 
and for two years moderator; represented 
Waitsfield in the Legislature 1902; sena- 
tor from Washington County 1904. A 
member of Masonic fraternity for 20 
years ; the Order of Odd Fellows about 
30 years, has filled all the chairs and was 
district deputy grand master 1894; mem- 
ber of the Grange. 

EDDY, Arthir William, ^liddlebury. 
Superintendent of schools. Born De Kalb, 
N. Y., Feb. 24, 1876; son of Frank Deloss 
and Emily M. (Bentley) Eddy. Edu- 
cated at Rensselaer Falls, N. Y., .graded 
school, Potsdam (N. Y.) Normal School, 
class of 1897, and Middlebury College 
1904. In 1898 married Ella Grace Hol- 
ton of Potsdam, N. Y. ; they have one 
daughter, Ruth. Was teacher of rural 
school, Morristown, N. Y., 1894; prin- 
cipal North Bangor (N. Y.) Union School 
1897-1 900 ; principal Beeman Academy, 
New Haven, 1904-7; superintendent of 
town schools. New Haven, 1905-7; super- 
intendent of schools, New Haven Valley 
Union. 1907-11; of Middlebury Union, 
191 1 to the present time; president of Ver- 
mont State Association of Union Superin- 
tendents 1907-9; county examiner of teach- 
ers, Addison County, 1908-9; trustee Bris- 
tol Public Library 1 908-11; assistant 
treasurer Addison County Agricultural So- 
ciety, 1909-11 ; auditor I9II. Is a Re- 
publican. A Congregationalist. A mem- 
ber of the Grange since I906; master of 
Beaver Glen Grange. New Haven, 1907; 
treasurer of Bristol Grange 1909-11; a 
master Mason ; member of the Delta Upsi- 
lon and Phi Beta Kappa fraternities; 
clerk of county committee of Y. M. C. A. 
of Addison County; councillor of Green 
Mountain Club for Addison County. 

EDDY. Charles P'remoxt, Stowe. 
Merchant and manufacturer. Born Hun- 
tington. April 27. 1857; son of George 
and Hannah M. (Tolmenson) Eddy. Edu- 
cated in the public schools and Johnson 
Normal School. In 1882 married Dora 
S. Stoddard of Fayston ; they have one 
daugliter, P'loy M. (Mrs. Clayton Boyce 
of Montpelier). Reared on a farm, he 




followed farming summers and taught 
school winters until he was married; then 
farmed and engaged in buying farm pro- 
duce and stock until IS9"2. when he built 
his first creamery at Moretown; now has 
creameries in Montpelier, Stowe, West- 
minster. Cavendish, Hortonville (Hub- 
bardton). Richville in Shoreham, Under- 
bill, Sheldon. Island Pond, North Thet- 
ford. Waterbury Center, and Morrisville, 
a total of 13, with a capacity of 110,000 
lbs. of butter weekly during the summer 
season besides the cream, buttermilk, cot- 
tage cheese, skimmilk, dried curd products, 
etc., shipped to Boston and other New 
England centers. Is a Republican; rep- 
resented Stowe in the Legislature 1904; 
member of the committee on agriculture. 
A Unitarian. Member of Mystic Lodge 
No. 56. F. & A. M., of Stowe; Tucker 
Chapter No. 15, R. A. M., and Lamoille 
Commandery No. 13, K. T., of Morris- 
ville ; Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic Shrine, 
Montpelier; Valley Lodge No. l6, I. O. 
O. F., Waitsfield; Alhambra Encampment 
No. 20. Patriarchs Militant, I. O. O. F., 
Waterbury; Burlington Lodge No. 231, 
United Commercial Travellers, Burling- 
ton; the Grange; and the Fat Men's Club. 

EDDY, Hermox Elmer, Brattleboro. 
Lawyer. Born Stratton, June 13, 1881; 
son of Elmer A. and Inez T. (Pike) 
Eddy. Educated at Brattleboro Academy, 
Colgate L'niversity, and University of Ver- 
mont. In 1902 married Bernice A. Waite 
of Wardsboro; they have two daughters, 
Doris M. and Marjorie A. Was admitted 
to the Bar of Vermont in 1907, and has 
practiced law in Brattleboro since. Is a 
Republican; represented Stratton in the 
Legislature in 1902. Is a BajDtist. ^lera- 
ber of Alpha Lambda Chapter, Kappa 

EDDY, Mef{ritt Otis, Jericho. Phy- 
sician. Born Townshend, Feb. 26, 1877; 
son of Willard H. and Mary Jane (La- 
kin) Eddy. Educated in the public schools 
of Townshend ; graduated from Leland 
and Gray .Seminary 1896; and received 
degref of M. D. from Tufts College medi- 
cal school, Boston, Mass., 190.'5. In ]9()t 
married Mildred Dane Hooper of Wake- 
field, Mass.; they have two children, Alice 
G. and Richard H. Assistant medical di- 
rector Young Men's Christian Union, Bos- 
ton. Mass., 1901-.';; practiced his profes- 

sion in Readsboro for five years; removed 
to Jericho 1911, and purchased the prac- 
tice of Dr. H. D. Hopkins; is examiner 
for six insurance companies. Is a Repub- 
lican; has held several minor town offices. 
Member of First Congregational Church, 
Jericho. Member of American Medical 
Association; Northern Berkshire Medical 
Society, Massachusetts ; Blazing Star 
Lodge No. 23, F. & A. M., Townshend; 
and Mansfield Grange No. 441, of Jeri- 

EDGERTON, Edward Henry, Roches- 
ter. Lawyer. Born Warren, Aug, 31, 
1863; son of Benjamin S, and Mary E. 
(Eldredge) Edgerton. Educated at Barre 
Academy, graduate of class of 1885. In 
I892 married Bertha Fuller of Hermon, 
N. Y. ; they have one son, Lawrence. Lo- 
cated in Rochester 1890. Is treasurer of 
the White River Lumber Co., which for- 
merly was engaged in the manufacture of 
lumber, but is now conserving its holdings 
of wild land as an investment. Is a Re- 
publican ; represented Rochester in the 
Legislature I906 and 19O8; senator from 
Windsor County 1910; in 1906 served on 
committees on municipal corporations and 
state and court expenses; in 19O8 chair- 
man of committee on elections, and mem- 
ber of committee on judiciary; in the sen- 
ate was chairman of committee on corpora- 
tions, and member of committee on judi- 
ciary. Has been selectman, town agent, 
and town clerk for several years. Mem- 
ber of Ezekiel Emerson Camp No. 26, 
Sons of Veterans. 

EDMUNDS, George Franklin, Bris- 
tol. Physician and surgeon. Born Iras- 
burg, Oct. 30, 1862; son of William and 
Abigail Hoyt (Bryant) Edmunds. Edu- 
cated in the primary schools of Irasburg, 
Barton and St. Johnsbury Academies, 
University of Vermont, and Baltimore 
Medical College. In 1886 married Mattie 
O. Somers of Hinesburg, who died 1 899 ; 
they had five children, of whom three 
daughters are living, Mary Kathleen, 
Marjorie Abigail, and Florence Edith; in 
1901 married Mrs. Frances (Dunning) 
Edmunds of Bangor, Me. Taught school 
three years while acquiring education; be- 
gan practice of medicine in 1 892 at Hines- 
burg; in I894 located in Bristol, where 
he has since done a general practice. 
Member of Vermont State Medical Soci- 




ety, and American Medical Association. 
A Republican. A Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber of Phi Chi College fraternity; past 
master of Libanus Lodge No. 47, F. & 
A. M.; member of Mt. Calvary Command- 
ery No. 1, K. T.; and Mt. Sinai Temple. 

EDMUNDS, George Franklin, Pasa- 
dena, Cal. Lawyer. Born Richmond, Vt., 
Feb. 1, 1828; son of Ebenezer and Naomi 
(Briggs) Edmunds. Educated in common 
schools and with private tutor. Studied 
law in office of A. B. Maynard, Richmond, 
1846-7; and Smalley & Phelps, Burling- 
ton, 1847-9; admitted to Vermont Bar 
1849, and to partnership with Mr. Mav- 
nard in Richmond ; removed to Burling- 
ton 185], where he soon forged his way 
to the front against such formidable com- 
petitors as Ex-Lieutenant Governor Un- 
derwood, Edward J. Phelps, and David 
A. Smalley. Represented Burlington in 
Vermont Legislature 1854-59; speaker 
1856-9; senator from Chittenden County 
and president pro tem 186l and 1862; 
L'nited States senator 1866-91; resigned. 
Member Electoral Commission 1877; 
largely supported for president of United 
States in national Republican convention 
1880. Author of act of March 22, 1882, 
for suppression of polygamy in Utah and 
disfranchisement of those who practice it, 
known as Edmunds Act; also of the anti- 
trust law of 1890; president pro tem of 
U. S. Senate during presidency of Gen. 
Chester A. Arthur; was leader in Senate 
on Republican side; notable as a consti- 
tutional lawyer. In 1897 became chair- 
man of Monteray Commission appointed 
by executive committee of the Indianapo- 
lis Conference. Residence, 841 So. Orange 
Grove Ave., Pasadena, Cal. 

EDMUNDS, Thomas P., Poultney. 
Insurance. Born Corwen, Wales, Aug. 
25, 1873; son of Richard \V. and Jane 
(Roberts) Edmunds. Educated in the 
public schools. In 1900 married Mar- 
garet Morris of Poultney. At age of 
twelve began business life as quarryman 
in Poultney; in 1902 took up insurance 
work as local agent Metropolitan Life In- 
surance Co.; in 1903 assistant superin- 
tendent Metropolitan Co. at Rutland, con- 
tinuing two and one-half years, when he 
returned to Poultney and engaged in gen- 
eral insurance for himself, continuing to 
date. A Republican; justice of the peace; 

deputy sheriff Rutland County since I91O. 
A Methodist. Member Center Lodge No. 
34^ F. & A. M., of Rutland; past grand 
Netis Lodge No. 25, I. O. O. F., of Poult- 
ney, and member financial committee of 
the Grand Lodge of Vermont; Mystic En- 
campment No. 16; and the Order of 
Knights of Pythias. 

EDSON, Dean W., Montpelier. Print- 
er. Born Marshfield, Sept. 5, 1874; son 
of Ira H. and Eunice T. Edson. Edu- 
cated in the public schools. In 1898 
married Ella M. Chandler of Middlesex; 
they have three children, Marcia H., El- 
roy W., and Esther E. Commenced busi- 
ness in 1902 as owner and manager of a 
job printing office. Is a Unitarian. Mem- 
ber of Aurora Lodge No. 22, F. & A. M., 
master in 1904; King Solomon Chapter 
No. 7, R. A. M. ; Montpelier Council No. 
4, R. & S. M. ; ^Nlount Zion Commandery 
No. 9, Knights Templar; Mount Sinai 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.; Montpelier 
Lodge, B. P. O. E.; has been a member 
of Montpelier Military Band 18 years. 

EDWARDS, Leslie Stewart, Brattle- 
boro. Dentist. Born Brattleboro, Aug. 1 1, 
1877; son of Abbott S. and Emily (Cut- 
ting) Edwards. A graduate of Brattleboro 
High School, and dental department Bal- 
timore Medical College. In 1904 married 
Clarissa M. Reed of Vernon. They have 
one daughter, Dorothy Miller Edwards. 
After his graduation from Baltimore 
Medical College in 1902, he began the 
practice of dentistry in Brattleboro, which 
he still successfully continues. Dr. Ed- 
wards is a member of Brattleboro Lodge 
No. 102, F. & A. M. 

EELS, George Asa, Brattleboro. Re- 
tired. Born Chesterfield, N. H., Nov. 10, 
1853; son of William B. and Almira 
(Boyden) Eels. Educated in the public 
schools. In 1875 married Jennie A. Ab- 
bott of Brattleboro; they have three chil- 
dren, Lena Abbott, Grace Almira, and 
Alice Ada. In 1882 became partner in 
the firm of C. H. Eddy & Co., manufac- 
turers of extracts and carbonated bever- 
ages, continuing until 1907, when he be- 
came sole owner, doing business under 
name of C. H. Eddy & Co. until 191O, 
when he sold his interest and is now re- 
tired. Is a Democrat. Member of Ver- 
mont Wheel Club; director Brattleboro 
Trust Co. 




EGG. Cecil George, Montpelier. 
Musician. Born Hamilton. Ont., June 29, 
1S79; son of Charles Henry and Rebecca 
(Taylor) Egg. Educated in public and 
senior schools; began the study of music 
at the age of eight, receiving instruction 
from his mother, and at same age joined 
the choir of St. George's church, Montreal, 
where, later, he was soprano soloist for 
four years and won many prizes for sing- 
ing; studied piano, organ, singing com- 
position, and history of music at Dominion 
College of Music, Montreal, from Avhicli 
lie graduated with degree 1899; has made 
a special study of pipe organ and boy choir 
training; has secured honors in two ex- 
aminations in piano playing. In 1899 
passed first examination for degree of 
bachelor of music at Bishop's College, 
Lenoxville. P. Q. In 1904' married 
Violet Turner of Montreal; they have two 
children. Hartwell Ernest andMargaret 
Cecil. In 1899 ^vas organist St. Barna- 
bas' Church. Montreal; in 1900 director 
of music at Trinity Church, Shelburne; 
since 1908 has been musical director 
Christ Episcopal church choir, Montpel- 
ier; supervisor of music in the public 
schools, Montpelier, and teacher of piano, 
organ, and singing. In religious belief is 
an Episcopalian. ]Member of Friendship 
Lodge No. 24. F. & A. M., Charlotte; 
Burlington Chapter Xo. 3, R. A. M.; and 
Camp 9904, Modern Woodmen of America, 

ELDRIDGE. William Henry, Twin 
Falls. Idaho. Merchant. Born East 
Middlebury, July 23, 1873; son of George 
Henry and Eliza Ann (Judge) Eldridge. 
Graduated from Middlebury High School 
1891, and Middlebury College, A. B., 
189.'5. Entered the employ of the Ver- 
mont Marble Co., Proctor, Vt., 1896; was 
bookke«i)er there and at their branch of- 
fice in New York City until September, 
1898, when he was elected treasurer of 
the Proctor Trust Co.; held the position 
until Oct., 190.5, when he was forced by 
ill heal til to move West; was village 
treasnrf-r of Proctor, and the first presi- 
dent of thf Proctor Y. M. C. A. Settled 
in Twin Falls, Ida., Dec. 1905, and 
• stablished tlie Eldridge Clothing Co., 
.\pril 1, 1906. Was secretary of the 
board of education 1908-10; appointed by 
Ciovernor Hawley a trustee of the State 
Normal School at .\ll)if)n. Ida.. 1911. Is 

vice-president of the First National Bank 
of Twin Falls; president of the Mer- 
chants' and Manufacturers' Association; 
director of the Commercial Club, and a 
director of the "Old Settlers of Twin 
Falls County." A Republican. Member 
of the Union Church of Proctor, Vt. 
^lember of the Delta Kappa Epsilon 
Fraternity; Knights of Pythias; Order of 
Elks ; President of Twin Falls Society of 
^"erlnonters ; member of New England 
Historic-Genealogical Society; Society of 
Colonial Wars, and Sons of the American 
Revolution; was the first person living 
west of the Mississippi river to join the 
Green Mountain Club. 

ELLIOTT, David Adams, White River 
Junction. Merchant. Born Roxham, P. 
Q., Aug. 30, 1864; son of Thomas and 
Nancy (Adams) Elliott. Educated in the 
public schools of Roxham, P. Q. In 1900 
married Helen Marr Prentiss of St. Al- 
bans. Lived on a farm until 24 years of 
age; worked in the offices of the Central 
Vermont Railway Co. two years ; phj^sical 
director in a gymnasium two years ; clerk 
in hardware stores in St. Albans and Brat- 
tleboro for a number of years ; since April 
1, 1904, has been proprietor of hardware 
store at White River Junction. Is a Re- 
publican; member of Republican commit- 
tee, town of Hartford, I9O8-IO; repre- 
sented Hartford in the Legislature 191O, 
with assignments to the committees on ap- 
propriations, manufactures, joint commit- 
tee on temperance, and special committee 
on the Austine Institution. Religious pref- 
erence, Protestant Episcopal. Member of 
United Brethren Lodge No. 21, F. & A. 
M.; Cascadnac Chapter No. 27, R. A. M.; 
Windsor Council No. 8, R. & S. M. ; Ver- 
mont Commandery No. 4, K. T. ; Windsor 
Lodge of Perfection, A. A. S. R. ; J. W. 
Roby Council, Princes of Jerusalem; Delta 
Chapter of Rose Croix; Vermont Consis- 
tory, 32nd degree; Red Cross of Constan- 
tine; Mt. Sinai Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.; 
Wenona Chapter No. 43, O. E. S. ; has 
held the following offices in Masonic bod- 
ies: past master Franklin Lodge No. 4; 
secretary United Brethren Lodge No. 21 ; 
])ast high priest Champlain Chapter No. 
1, and Cascadnac Chapter No. 27; past 
thrice illustrious master Windsor Council 
No. 8 ; generalissimo Vermont Command- 
ery No. 4, K. T. ; thrice potent master 
Windsor Lodge of Perfection, A. A. S. R. ; 





grand lecturer Grand I>odge of Vermont, 
F. & A. M. ; joast grand high priest Grand 
Royal Arch Chapter of Vermont; past 
grand master Grand Council of Vermont, 
R. & S. M.; and past worthy patron Wen- 
ona Chapter No. 43, O. E. S. 

ELLIS, Edwin Baruch, Northfield. 
Granite manufacturer. Born Prospect, 
Me., Sept. 5, 1856; son of Baruch and 
Lydia (Cross) Ellis. Educated in the 
public schools, and prepared for East 
Maine Conference Seminary at Bucksport, 
Me.; in 1880 married Josephine Coombs 
of Bucksport, Me. ; they have three chil- 
dren, Irving C, Mildred, and Richard G. 
Has been engaged in the granite business 
since 1 870 ; established the corporation of 
the E. B. Ellis Granite Co. in 1903; and 
developed the Bethel white granite quar- 
ries at Bethel; has performed many large 
and important contracts, including the fur- 
nishing of the cut granite work for the 
Washington Union Station and the Na- 
tional Museum, Washington, D. C; is also 
owner of the Keene granite quarries at 
Keene, N. H., having acquired same in 
1910. Is a Democrat. In religious 
preference a Universalist. Member of 
Bunker Hill Lodge, I. O. O. F., of 
Charlestown, Mass. ; was member of the 
degree staff for several years. 

ELLIS, Irving Clendenen, North- 
field. Granite manufacturer. Born 
Bucksport, Me., Sept. I6, 1880; son of 
Edwin Baruch and Josephine (Coombs) 
Ellis. Educated in the public schools of 
Charlestown, iNIass., and Northfield, and 
Norwich University, graduate of class of 
1901. In 1907 married Beryl Gilman of 
Brattleboro. Has been in the granite 
business of quarrying and manufacturing 
monumental and building work since 1901. 
Is a member of the corporation of the 
E. B. Ellis Granite Co., of Northfield and 
Bethel ; has been its treasurer for several 
years; is now 2nd vice president. Is a 
Democrat. An attendant of the Univer- 
salist Church, trustee and treasurer of the 
society. Past master of DeWitt Clinton 
Lodge No. 15, F. & A. M.; member King 
Solomon Chapter, Mt. Zion Commandery, 
Vermont Consistory, Mt. Sinai Temple, 
and Order of the Eastern Star; member 
and secretary of Northfield Commercial 
Club; and director of Northfield Trust 

ELLIS, Zenas H., Fair Haven. Farm- 
er. Born Fair Haven, Jan. 22, I860; son 
of Zenas C. and Sarah B. (Dyer) Ellis. 
His first ancestor to this country was 
Roger Williams, a Welshman, born I6O6, 
and who became the first governor of the 
Colony of Rhode Island; two of his great 
grandfathers were officers in the War of 
the American Revolution, and one of them 
was with Ethan Allen at the capture of 
Fort Ticonderoga in 1775. Graduated 
from Fair Haven High School 1877, and 
Phillips Exeter (N. H.) Academy 1879. 
Director First National Bank, Fair Ha- 
ven, since 1886; vice-president 1891-9; 
president since 1909- Has traveled ex- 
tensively in his own country, Canada, 
Europe, Asia, Africa, Mexico and the In- 
dies. An independent Republican; chair- 
man Republican town committee 1902; 
represented Fair Haven in the Legisla- 
ture 1902, member of ways and means 
committee, and joint committee on temper- 
ance ; chairman second independent state 
convention 1906. Member of American 
Academy of Political and Social Science; 
National Geograjihic Society ; Vermont 
Botanical Club, and Order of Colonial 

ELLSWORTH, Asaph Kenfield, 
Cambridge. Dental surgeon. Born Cam- 
bridge, June 27, 1839; son of Horace and 
Maria (Walker) Ellsworth. Educated in 
the public schools, Underbill High School 
and Bakersfield Academy ; studied dentist- 
ry with J. S. Mowe, ISIorrisville, and E. 
H. Carter, Burlington. In 1859 married 
Sophronia Vaughan of Plattsburg, N. Y., 
who died 1879; they had two children, 
Horace Vaughan and Martha Maria ; in 
1880 married Mary Alice Walker of Cam- 
bridge. Has practiced dentistry in Cam- 
bridge since I86I. A Republican. 
A member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church since 1880; superintendent of the 
Sunday school for seven years. 

EMERY, Curtis Stanton, Newport. 
Lawyer. Born Brookfield, Nov. 6, 1861; 
son of Amos and Sarah M. (Hibbard) 
Emery. Educated in the public schools of 
Brookfield and Chelsea, and Chelsea Acad- 
emy. In 1884 married Harriet J. Ordway 
of Tunbridge; they have three children, 
Sallie Helena, Donald, and Doris Eliza- 
beth. Read law with C. W. Clarke and 
A. S. Austin at Chelsea; admitted to the 




Vermont Bar. and began practice at Chel- 
sea December. 1883. For seven years was 
cashier First National Bank of Chelsea; 
is a director of the Union Mutual Fire 
Insurance Co., and the Passumpsic Tele- 
phone Co.; president of Frontier Electric 
Co.; and "vvas for two rears president of 
the People's Telephone Co. Is a Repub- 
lican; county commissioner Orange Coun- 
ty 1885-96; town clerk, Chelsea, 1894; 
clerk of Orange County 1891-05, when he 
resigned to become collector of customs, 
district of Memphremagog; represented 
Chelsea in the Legislature 1888, being the 
yoimgest member in the House, his father 
being a member of the same house from 
the town of Sharon; again representative 
in 1898 and 1900; senator from Orange 
County 1902; served on staff of Gov. E. C. 
Smith with rank of colonel; member of 
executive committee of Republican state 
committee 1904; many years on county 
and town committees. A 32 degree Mason, 
Shriner, Knight Templar; member of Or- 
der of Elks; the Grange; associate mem- 
ber of G. A. R.; three years president 
Young Men's Improvement Club, New- 
port; and commodore Memphremagog 
Yacht Club. 

ENGLISH, Charles H., Woodstock. 
Rural mail carrier. Born Woodstock, Dec. 
18. 1811 ; son of Henry W. and Eliza Ann 
(Steele) English. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools and Green Mountain Perkins 
Academy. In 1869 married Lizzie M. 
Vaughan of Woodstock, who died 1878; 
they had two sons, Fred S. and Lewis W. ; 
in 1882 married Nellie E. Gilbert of Pom- 
fret ; they have one son, Ralph G. Has 
been farmer and miller; rural mail car- 
rier since 1903. Enlisted in Co. B, 12th 
Vermont Infantry; mustered out July 14, 
1 863, by expiration of enlistment ; was 
in the battle of Gettysburg. Is a Repub- 
lican ; represented Woodstock in the Leg- 
islature 1892; has been justice of the 
peace for many 3'ears ; treasurer of the 
Windsor County Agricultural Society for 
1 1 years. Member and clerk of the Chris- 
tian Church of Woodstock for many years. 
Mfmbf-r of George C. Randall Post No. 
82, G. A. R. 

ERWIN, Clayton Lemuel, Barton. 
Educator. Born Piermont, N. H., Sept. 
2, 1880; son of Lemuel .Stuart and Marion 
Amanda TRood) Erwin. Educated at 

Bradford Academy, graduating in 1899; 
Montpelier Seminary, and Dartmouth Col- 
lege, class of 1903. In 1906 married Cora 
Mae Marsh of Glover; they have two 
daughters, Elizabeth ]Marion and Ruth 
Arlene. Assistant principal Barton Acad- 
emy 1904-6, and again from 19O8 to the 
present time; principal of Orleans High 
School 1906-8. A Republican; president 
of Barton Landing Lecture Association 
1907; member of executive committee 
Barton Lecture Course Association. Mem- 
ber of Methodist Episcopal Church. Mas- 
ter Mason Orleans Lodge No. 55 F. & A. 
M. of Barton; member of Keystone 
Chapter, No. I6, R. A. M., Bar- 
ton; Malta Commandery No. 10, K. 
T., of Newport; captain of the host. 
Keystone Chapter No. 16, Barton, 1909- 
10; king in same 191O-II, and high priest 
since 1911; member of Le Beau Lac Boat 
Club of Barton, and Willoughby Fish and 
Game Club; coach of athletic teams of 
Barton Academy and Barton Landing 
High School. 

ESTABROOK, Emerson, Bennington. 
Granite and marble dealer. Born Somer- 
set, July 20, 1843; son of Joel Benjamin 
and Sybil (Eddy) Estabrook. Educated 
in the public schools and Burr and Burton 
Seminary, Manchester. In 1865 married 
Cornelia Maria Hoyt of Manchester, who 
died in 1912; they had four children, 
Charles H. (deceased), Frank H. (of 
Portage, Wis.), Mary Frances, and Ben- 
jamin Norman. Began work on a farm 
at the age of nine years, receiving $4.50 
per month, remaining five years; at 14 
years received a man's wages; at 22 began 
the sale of books, continuing two years ; in 
1867 purchased a building at Factory 
Point, remodeling it to three stories with 
opera house therein ; for two seasons man- 
ager Boston Opera Co., and Lotus Glee 
Club ; since 1 872 in the granite and mar- 
ble business with the exception of two 
years which he spent in laying out the 
Morningside Cemetery at Brattleboro, and 
the Bennington Park Lawn Cemetery. In 
I892 his block in Manchester was de- 
stroyed by fire with seven other buildings, 
when he removed to Bennington ; sales- 
man for cemetery work to present time. 
In national politics a Republican. Mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church at Factory 
Point. Member of Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows for 45 years; past grand of 




subordinate and Rebekah Lodge; member 
Adoniram Lodge No. 42^ F. & A. M., and 
Adoniram Chapter, R. A. M., at ]\Ianches- 
ter^ 44 years. 

ESTABROOK, John Wesley, Bran- 
don. Physician and surgeon. Born Sher- 
burne, June 13^ 1871 ; son of Andrew F. 
and Augusta P. (Barr) Estabrook. Edu- 
cated at State Normal School, and Uni- 
versity of Vermont, medical department, 
1895; New York Post Graduate School. 
In 1903 married Louise Seeley of Delhi, 
N. Y. ; they have two children, Viola Esta- 
brook and John Seeley. Practiced medi- 
cine in Pittsford 1896-98; at Brandon 
since 1 898 ; surgeon Rutland Railroad. A 
Republican. A Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber St. Paul's Lodge No. 25, F. & A. M.; 
Farmer Chapter No. 10, R. A. M.; Mt. 
Calvary Commandery; Cairo Temple, Or- 
der Mystic Shrine; Vermont State and 
Rutland County Medical Societies. 

ESTEE, James Borden. Insurance. 
Born Milton, Wis., Feb. 8, 1856; son of 
Henry and Lucretia S. (Green) Estee. 
Educated in Illinois public schools and 
graduated from City and County Normal 
School of Peoria, 111., 1875; State Normal 
University, Bloomington, 111., 1881; re- 
ceived special instruction in language, lit- 
erature and science; also in medicine and 
law. In 1883 married Adelaide Gillan of 
Colfax, 111. ; they have four children, Rush 
G., Wanda Elizabeth (Mrs. Edward Hyde 
Presbrey of New York), Loraine Borden, 
and Marjorie Eloise. Superintendent of 
schools at Edgerton, Wis., Harvard, 111., 
and Woodstock, 111., closing that line of 
work in the latter place in June, 1882; 
began insurance work as agent for Equi- 
table Life Assurance Society, June 20, 
1882; engaged in real estate and invest- 
ment securities, and was president of Citi- 
zens' Bank, Woonsocket, S. D. ; became 
superintendent of agencies of Iowa Life 
Insurance Co., June 15, 1888, continuing 
till Sept. 1, 1891; general manager in 
Wisconsin for National Life Insurance Co. 
of Vermont, 1891-1904; superintendent of 
agencies, 1898-1911; director of the com- 
pany, 1901-1911 ; member of the execu- 
tive and finance committees, 1902-1911; 
second vice-president, 1902-191 L with ex- 
ecutive charge of the company's agency 
force throughout the United States. Is 
a Republican; United States court com- 

missioner for the 2nd judicial district of 
South Dakota; member South Dakota 
.state central committee; clerk of the dis- 
trict court, Sanborn County ; superintend- 
ent of census returns for Sanborn and 
Jerauld Counties, South Dakota; elected 
mayor of Montpelier, March 5, 1912. A 
Scottish Rite and York Rite Mason, and 
member of the Mystic Shrine; member 
Vermont Historical Society, Montpelier 
Historical Society, Montpelier Board of 
Trade, Apollo Club, The Club, Montpelier 
Country Club, National Geographic So- 
ciety, Connecticut Society, Founders and 
Patriots of America, etc. 

ESTEY,. Jacob Gray, Brattleboro. 
Manufacturer. Born Brattleboro, Aug. 2, 
1871; son of Julius J. and Florence 
(Gray) Estey. Educated at Brattleboro 
public schools, Vermont Academy, Sax- 
tons River, and Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. In 1892 married Mattie H. 
Poor of Peabody, Mass.; they have two 
sons, Jacob Poor and Joseph Gray. Mr. 
Estey is president of the Estey Organ Co. ; 
vice-president Estey Piano Co. ; president 
People's National Bank. He served as 
major of the 1st Infantry, Vermont, in the 
war with Spain, 1898. He is a Republi- 
can; a Baptist; a Mason; member of New 
York Athletic, Army and Navy, and other 
city clubs. 

ESTEY, Julius Harry, Brattleboro. 
Manufacturer. Born Brattleboro, July 9, 
1874; son of Julius J. and Florence 
(Gray) Estey. Graduated with class of 
1892 Brattleboro High School. In 1895 
married Allethaire Chase of Brattleboro; 
they have two children, Paul Chase and 
Allethaire Gra}-. Entered employ of Es- 
tey Organ Co. 1892; is treasurer of the 
company and of the Estey Piano Co. of 
New York; trustee and member of invest- 
ment board Brattleboro Savings Bank. 
Served 15 years in Vermont National 
Guard, including United States service 
with the First Regiment in Spanish-Am- 
erican war 1898; was captain and adju- 
tant of regiment for nine years. Is a 
Republican, but party free in all local or 
state matters ; interested in village, town, 
and state affairs, but not politically. Is 
a Baptist. Member Brattleboro Lodge 
No. 102, F. & A. M.; Fort Dummer Chap- 
ter No. 12, R. A. M.; Connecticut Valley 
Council No. I6, R. & S. M.; Beauseant 




Commandery Xo. 7, K. T.; Mt. Sinai Tem- 
ple. Mystic Shrine; a S-2 degree Mason; 
member Rutland Lodge No. 345, Order of 
Elks; Vermont Society of Foreign Wars; 
Vermont Wheel Club. 

EVANS, Goix Bailey, Waterbury. 
Farmer. Born Moretown, Dec. 4, 1842; 
son of Osgood and Mary (Bailey) Evans. 
Educated in the public schools, Newbury 
Seminary, and Bryant and Stratton's Busi- 
ness College. In 1864 married Abbie M. 
Goodrich of Moretown. Has engaged in 
hotel keeping and farming, together with 
stock and produce business. Enlisted 1 862 
in Co. G, 6th Regiment Vermont Volun- 
teers. Is a Democrat; represented Water- 
bury in the Legislature 1874, 1876, 1878, 
.1884 and 1886; in 1885 appointed deputy 
collector and inspector of customs ; in 1 894 
commissioned by President Cleveland 
postmaster of Waterbury for four years; 
high sheriff of Washington County 1902; 
delegate to the Democratic national con- 
vention. Denver. Col., 1908. Member of 
the Methodist Church. 

EVANS, Leslie Alexander, St. 
Johnsburv. Veterinary surgeon. Born 
Sawyerville, P. Q.. 1878; son of Richard 
and Sarah (Hamilton) Evans. Educated 
in the public schools, Sawyerville Acad- 
emy, and a graduate of Ontario Veterinary 
College. Began practice with Dr. Frank 
Barton in Sherbrook, P. Q. ; removed to 
St. Johnsbury, where he has since been 
engaged in practice ; has made a specialty 
of horse dentistry; is assistant cattle com- 
missioner of Vermont. A Republican. An 
attendant of the Congregational Church, 
and member of the quartet and choir. 
Member of Passumpsic Lodge No. 27, F. 
& A. M.; Caledonia Lodge No. 6, I. O. 
O. F. ; St. Johnsbury Commercial Club; 
Vermont Veterinary Medical Association; 
and Ontario Veterinary Medical Associa- 

FAIRBANKS, Edward Taylor, St. 
Johnsbury. Congregational clergyman. 
Born St. Johnsbury, May 12, 18.S6; son 
of Joseph Paddock and Almira (Taylor) 
Fairbanks. Educated at St. Johnsbury 
and Pliillips-Andover Academies; Yale 
College, class of 1859; Andover Theologi- 
cal Seminary, class of 1 863 ; two and one- 
half years abroad ; honorary degree of 
D. D.* from Univf-rsitv of Vermont 1892. 

In 1862 married Emma C. Taplin of 
Montpelier; they have one daughter, Cor- 
nelia Taylor. Pastor First Congregational 
Church, ' St. Johnsbury, 1868-74; South 
Congregational Church, St. Johnsbury, 
1874-1902; secretary and treasurer St. 
Johnsbury Academy since 1882; secretary 
and treasurer St. Johnsbury Athenaeum 
since 1888; librarian and director since 
1902. Author of history of St. Johns- 
bury in "Vermont Historical Gazetteer," 
I86I; "The Wrought Brim," twelve dis- 
courses, 1902; also of miscellaneous 
pamphlets; Yale class historian, etc.; pre- 
paring for publication "The Town of St. 
Johnsbury," historical and descriptive 
sketches. A Republican; senator from 
Caledonia County 19O8. 

FAIRBANKS, Henry, St. Johnsbury. 
Vice-president E. and T. Fairbanks & Co. 
Born St. Johnsbury, May 6, 1830; son 
of Hon. Thaddeus and Lucy Peck (Bar- 
ker) Fairbanks. Educated at Pinkerton 
Academy, Derry, N. H.; St. Johnsbury 
Academy 1847; Dartmouth College, class 
of 1853; and Andover Theological Semi- 
nary 1857. In I862 married Annie Noyes 
of Hanover, N. H.; she died in 1872; 
they had four children, Arthur, Robert 
N., Lucy (Mrs. Alvord), and Charlotte. 
In 1874 married Ruthy Page of Newport; 
they have two daughters, Marion (Mrs. 
Adans) and Dorothy. After graduating 
from St. Johnsbury Academy in 1847, Mr. 
Fairbanks spent a year in Europe; and 
in 1856 went abroad again, visiting Egypt 
and Palestine, and making the ascent of 
Mt. Blanc. In I86O-8 was professor of 
natural philosophy and natural history, 
Dartmouth College ; returning to St. 
Johnsbury, he developed various patents, 
and also led the evangelistic work of the 
Young Men's Christian Association in the 
state. Is president of St. Johnsbury Acad- 
emy; trustee Dartmouth College 1870- 
1905; vice-president E. and T. Fairbanks 
& Co., for several years. Is a Republi- 
can. A Congregational clergyman, or- 
dained 1858; in 1891 went to London as 
delegate to the International Congrega- 
tional Council ; president Vermont Domes- 
tic Missionary Society; corporate member 
American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions. 

FAIRBANKS, Joseph, St. Johnsbury. 
Lawyer. Born St. Johnsbury, Jan. 12, 




1881; -son of William P. and Rebecca 
(Pike) Fairbanks. Educated at St. Johns- 
bury Academy, Yale University 1903, and 
Harvard Law School 1906. In 1908 mar- 
ried Luella Merrill of St. Johnsbury; they 
have one son, Edward Joseph. Admitted 
to the Vermont Bar 1907; has since been 
engaged in law practice. Is a Republican. 
Director and member of executive commit- 
tee of E. and T. Fairbanks and Co., scale 
manufacturers ; director Citizens Savings 
Bank and Trust Co., and director and 
treasurer of the National Flooring Co. of 
St. Johnsbury. Is a member of the South 
Congregational Church. Treasurer of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, 1907- 
11; now a director; secretary Caledonia 
County Fair 19 10. 

FAIRFIELD, Charles Telford, Rut- 
land. Editor and publisher. Born Hill- 
side, Mich., Sept. 6, 1866; son of former 
Lieutenant-Governor Edmund Burke and 
Mary (Baldwin) Fairfield. Educated at 
University of Nebraska, and Oberlin Col- 
lege, A. B. 1887. In 1888 married Anna 
Whitcomb of Morrison, 111. ; they have two 
children, Whitcomb Burke and Janet. 
Publisher Eaton Rapids (Mich.) Journal, 
1887-97; North Adams (Mass.) Tran- 
script, 1897-98; established Rutland 
News, daily and weekly, in 1899;, and 
since its editor. A Republican; Congre- 
gationalist. Member of Masonic frater- 
nity — lodge, chapter, commandery, and 
shrine ; Knights of Pythias, Royal Arca- 
num, Woodmen, and Maccabees. 

FANCHER, W. Grant, Lawrence, 
Mass. Educator. Born Fairfax, July 29, 
1869; son of Hiram G. and Lucy L. (Bar- 
rett) Fancher. Graduated from State 
Normal School, Johnson, and Comer's 
Commercial College, Boston. In 1894 
married Belle Lucy Warren of Morris- 
ville; they have one child, Warren Grant. 
Teacher in public schools of Elmore and 
Johnson ; was principal of the Vermont 
Industrial School, Vergennes, 1890-95; 
assistant superintendent of the Vermont 
Industrial School 1892-96; superintendent 
of the Stanwood School, Topsfield, Mass., 
1897-1903; superintendent of the Essex 
County Training School since 1903. In 
religion, is a Congregationalist ; in politics 
a Republican. ]\Ir. Fancher is a member 
of the National Conference of Charities 
and Correction ; the Vermont Association 

of Boston; the Monday Evening Club of 
Boston, and the Young Men's Christian 
Association of Lawrence. 

FARMER, Frank Emerson, St. Johns- 
bury. Physician. Born East Burke, May 
1, 187J^; son of Alonzo C. and Susan E. 
(Jenkins) Farmer. Educated at Lyndon 
Institute, graduate from commercial de- 
partment, class of 1891; North Yarmouth 
Academy, class of 1896; and University 
of Vermont, medical department, class of 
1899. In 1903 married Lulu A. Baldwin 
of Lyndonville; they have two sons, Ed- 
ward Baldwin and Howard Jenkins. 
Served one year as junior physician in 
the criminal insane hospital at Bridge- 
water, Mass., and two years as junior 
physician in the Vermont State Hospital, 
Waterbury; practiced medicine in Middle- 
bury, 1902-5; since 1905 has engaged in 
practice at St. Johnsbury. Is member of 
Caledonia County Medical Society, Ver- 
mont State Medical Society, and American 
Medical Society. A Republican. In re- 
ligious belief a Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber of Crescent Lodge No. 66, F. & A. M. ; 
and Sons of Veterans. 

FARNHAM, Archie L, Canaan. Mer- 
chant. Born Canaan, May 1, 1885; son 
of George F. and Alma (Schoff) Farn- 
ham. Educated in the public schools of 
Canaan, Canaan High School, class of 
1902, and New Hampton Commercial Col- 
lege, class of 1905. In 1908 married 
Zella I. Harmon of Island Pond. Worked 
as clerk in store one year; in 1907 pur- 
chased large grocery and hardware store 
at Canaan which he has since conducted. 
Is a Republican; was town clerk in I9II- 
1 2 ; and is active in the affairs of the 
town. Member of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. Member of the Grange ; 
Knights of Pythias ; Modern Woodmen of 
America ; and Knights of the Maccabees. 

FARNSWORTH, Walter Kellogg, 
Rutland. Lawyer. Born Windsor, Nov. 
17, 1870; son of Jonathan Brewer and 
Maria Augusta (Hatch) Farnsworth. 
Studied law, and was admitted to Ver- 
mont Bar 1 898 ; began practice at Rutland 
Oct. 1, 1898, continuing to date; director 
and secretary Rutland Horse Show and 
Breeders' Association, and secretary Rut- 
land County Agricultural Society ; secre- 
tary and treasurer Empire Egg Maker Co. 




and The Farm Enterprise Publishing Co. 
A Republican; secretary State Senate 
1902-8; judge Rutland citj' court April 1, 
IpOT, to April 1. 1909. A Congregation- 
alist. Member Vermont Bar Association; 
Masonic fraternity; Knights of Pythias; 
secretary Order of Elks; Patrons of Hus- 
bandry, master 1911-12^ member state ex- 
ecutive committee. 

FARR, Albert George, Chicago^ 111. 
Banker. Born Brandon, Vt., Dec. 3, 
1851; son of Flavins Josephus and 
Chastina Eliza Buck (Parkhurst) Farr. 
Educated at Brandon Seminary, I86I-8; 
graduated Columbus (Ohio) High School 
1870, Avith first honors. In 1873 married 
Alice Parkhurst of Berlin, Wis.; she died 
in 1888; they had one child, Shirley, fel- 
low of University of Chicago 1911; in 
I89O married Lottie Snow of Chicago. 
Teacher and principal of high school at 
Columbus, O., 1871-81; admitted to Il- 
linois Bar 1882; attorney 1882-91; part- 
ner X. W. Harris & Co., bankers, Chicago, 
New York and Boston, 1891; director 
Harris Trust and Savings Bank, Chicago, 
since 1907; and chairman board of di- 
rectors since 1910; director Harris Safe 
Deposit Co., Chicago, since 1909; Harris, 
Forbes & Co., New York, since 1911; 
X. W. Harris & Co., incorporated, Boston, 
since 191I; director and member execu- 
tive committee Michigan State Telephone 
Co., 1904-6; director Terre Haute, (Ind.) 
Water Works Co.; trustee Ripon (Wis.) 
College since 1897, and treasurer of same 
1907-10. Is an independent Republican; 
member Union League, Mid-Day, Quad- 
rangle, Chicago Literary, and South 
Shore Country Clubs of Chicago; mem- 
ber League of American Wheelmen; 
Cyclists' Touring Club of England; dele- 
gate at Chicago of Touring Club de 
France. Residence, 5757 Lexington Ave- 
nue, Chicago; office, Harris Build- 
ing. Chicago; summer home, Brandon. 

FARR, George Bradford, Hancock. 
Farmer and lumber manufacturer. Born 
East Middlebury, Dec. 1.3, 1865; son of 
Henry E. and Alvrett (Olmstead) Farr. 
Educated in the public schools. In 1886 
marrifd Edith ^Iary Ford of Granville; 
thf-y have three children, Claude Henry, 
Leslie Ford, and Pliyllis Avis. Mr. Farr 
kfpt a hotel two years; and was employed 

in a store at Hancock two years ; since 
then has engaged in farming and lumber 
manufacturing, having as partner V. L. 
Perkins, and afterwards F. O. Kennedy. 
Is a Republican; represented Hancock in 
the Legislature 19OO; has held many town 
offices. In religious belief a Universalist. 
A member of Rural Lodge No. 29, F. & 
A. M.; and the Independent Order of Odd 

FARR, AViLLis Vernon, Burlington. 
Farmer, subscription agent, real estate 
dealer. Born Westminster, Nov. 5, 1866; 
son of John Vernon and ]\Iary Lucinda 
(Watkins) Farr. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Westminster; Gushing Acad- 
emy, Ashburnham, Mass. ; and Vermont 
Academy, Saxtons River. In 1896 mar- 
ried Ethel May Rugg of Fairfax; they 
had six children, Vina Lucretia, John El- 
bridge, Mary Delphine, Robert Harland, 
Mattie Watkins, and Thelma Rugg (de- 
ceased). Spent summers on his father's 
farm, and in winter attended or taught 
school until he was 21, when he engaged 
with the Hon. A. N. Swain as circulation 
agent for the Bellows Falls Times; later 
with Acme Water Filter Co., Marlboro, 
Mass.; and since 1888 circulation agent 
for the Burlington Free Press; interested 
in farms at Westminster and elsewhere. 
A Republican; was nominated for secre- 
tary of state on the Prohibition ticket 
1910. A Congregationalist. Member of 
Green Mountain Lodge No. 1, I. O. O. F.; 
Sons of the American Revolution; and 
Commercial Club of Burlington. 

FARRELL, Charles Henry, New- 
port. Law student. Born Newport, Feb. 
27, 1888; son of Patrick Joseph and 
Sarah (Morse) Farrell. Educated at 
Newport High School and Georgetown 
(Md.) University. Mr. Farrell is unmar- 
ried. Began work as messenger boy in 
the freight traffic department of Southern 
Railway Co. in January, 19O6, continuing 
in various departments for about five 
years, when he left to become private sec- 
retary to Chairman Prouty of the Inter- 
state Commerce Commission, which posi- 
tion he now holds. A Roman Catholic; 
member Bloomingdale Club of Washing- 
ton, D. C; its president one year; mem- 
ber Phi Alpha Delta (law fraternity), 
vice-justice for one year. 




FARRELL, Patrick Joseph^ Wash- 
ington, D. C. Lawyer. Born Stanstead, 
P. Q., May 10, 1861; son of James and 
Rose Ann Theresa (Hart) Farrell. Edu- 
cated at Wells River and Newport Acad- 
emies, but relying mainly upon his own 
efforts by private study to make himself 
a scholar. In 1883 married Sarah M. 
Brady of Newport; they have five chil- 
dren, Mary Agnes, Helen Isabel, Charles 
Henry, Charlotte Claire, and George Ed- 
ward. In early life worked upon a farm ; 
afterwards studied telegraphy; billing 
clerk Connecticut and Pasumpsic River R. 
R., at Newport, 1880; later, on same rail- 
road, train dispatcher at Lyndonville, sta- 
tion agent at Stanstead and Derby 
Line, and passenger train conductor 
between Stanstead and Newport. In 
1884 began study of law with Crane & 
Alfred, Newport, then with Hon. C. A. 
Prouty; admitted to Bar 1887; appointed 
railw^ay postal clerk same year, and later 
chief clerk, with headquarters at Boston; 
resigned in 1889, and formed law partner- 
ship with C. A. Prouty at Newport, con- 
tinuing until 1891, when the Orleans 
Trust Co. was organized and Mr. Farrell 
made its treasurer, holding position sev- 
eral years. For the past 1 1 years act- 
ing attorney for the interstate commerce 
commission, at Washington, and in that 
capacity has occupied many offices includ- 
ing that of chief examiner ; is now the 
head of the commission's law division, 
with the title of solicitor. In politics, a 
Democrat; has served several years on 
Newport town committee, and was mem- 
ber Democratic State Committee 1888 to 
1 902 ; was candidate for states attorney 
for Orleans County 1890; one of the 
Democratic candidates for Vermont pres- 
idential electors 1 892, and chairman Dem- 
ocratic state convention 1894. Was dele- 
gate at large to, and member of reso- 
lutions committee in, Democratic nation- 
al convention held at Chicago 1896. A 
member of the Roman Catholic Church. 
Legal residence, Newport, Vt. Office 1317 
F St., N. W., residence, 1424 Clifton St., 
N. W., Washington, D. C. 

FARRINGTON, Frederick Horton, 
Brandon. Farmer and banker. Born Bran- 
don, December, 1851 ; son of Franklin and 
Adelia (Horton) Farrington. Educated in 
the public schools of Brandon. In 1873 
married EUa E. Revnolds of Brandon; 

they have two sons, Franklin Reynolds 
and William Reynolds. Is now, and has 
been for the past 20 years, trustee of es- 
tates aggregating about $200,000; is vice- 
president Rutland Savings Bank; director 
Brandon National Bank, Proctor Trust 
Co., and National Bank of Vergennes ; 
president Brandon Investment and Guar- 
antee Co.; vice-president for Vermont of 
American Bankers' Association 1912; 
treasurer Brandon Cemetery Association; 
treasurer Vermont State Agricultural So- 
ciety; vice-president Brandon Free Pub- 
lic Library; and president of Vermont 
State Bankers' Association. Is a Re- 
publican; represented Brandon in the 
Legislature 1888; senator from Rutland 
County 1896; chairman of the board of 
cattle commissioners 1887-90; member of 
commission appointed by Governor Prouty 
to revise the banking laws of the state. 
Is a Congregationalist. Past master of 
St. Paul's Lodge No. 25, F. & A. M. 

FELLOWS, William Alfred, White 
River Junction. Marble and granite man- 
ufacturer. Born Lyme, N. H., Nov. 4, 
1861 ; son of John and Mary (Bean) Fel- 
lows. Educated in the schools of Lyme 
and Claremont, N. H. In 1884 married 
M. Jennie Clarke of Haverhill, N. H. 
Began the marble business at Lyme, N. 
H. ; in 1 895 removed to White River Junc- 
tion and established the marble and gran- 
ite business which he still conducts. A 
Republican; and a Universalist. Member 
United Brethren Lodge, F. & A. M. ; Cas- 
cadnac Chapter, R. A. M.; Vermont Com- 
mandery, K. T. ; past grand Myrtle Lodge, 
I. O. O. F. ; and member Fidelity Rebekah 

FENNELL, Luther Weston, Burling- 
ton. Deputy collector and inspector of 
U. S. customs. Born Winooski, June 29, 
1874; son of Winslow Irwin and Jennie 
Marie (Weston) Fennell. Educated in 
the public schools of Burlington and De- 
catur, Ala., and Burlington Business Col- 
lege. In 1900 married Loretto Agnes 
Marengo of Burlington; they have three 
children, Muriel W^eston. Reginald Pres- 
cott, and Kenneth Paul. In the meat and 
grocery business. New Decatur, Ala., 
1 889-90 ; employee of the Birmingham 
Electric Railway Co.. Birmingham, Ala., 
May to October, 1890; clerk Southern Ex- 
press Co., Decatur, Ala., 1890-92; em- 




ployee Birmingham Bolt works, Birming- 
ham. Ala.. 1892-4; employee Champlain 
Transportation Co., Burlington, summers 
of 18p6 and 1897; insurance agent Met- 
ropolitan Life Insurance Co. during win- 
ters of 1898 and 1899; employee of Bald- 
win Refrigerator Co., Burlington, 1899" 
1901 ; in U. S. customs service at Burling- 
ton. May, 1900, to date, as clerk, messen- 
ger, deputy collector and clerk, and at 
present deputy collector and inspector. 
Enlisted as private in Co. M, 1st Vermont 
Vohmteers. ^Nlay 4. 1898; mustered out 
Xov. 7. 1898. A Republican. Member 
of the Roman Catholic Church. Charter 
member and past senior vice-commander 
James W. Flynn Camp No. 9, past com- 
mander Department of Vermont, and at 
present national aide-de-camp United 
Spanish War Veterans; charter member 
Bacaloor Lair No. 1, Burlington, Grand 
Lair of Vermont, and member Supreme 
Lair of the United States, Military Order 
of the Serpent; member of Knights of Co- 

FENTON, Edward Joseph, Brattle- 
boro. Merchant. Born East Brattleboro, 
Dec. 12. 1872; son of Patrick John and 
Mary Elizabeth Fenton. Educated at 
Brattleboro public schools, and Brattle- 
boro High School, class of 1890. Mr. 
Fenton is unmarried. Learned the cloth- 
ing business with J. J. Fenton & Co., Bel- 
lows Falls, continuing with Pratt, Wright 
& Co., Brattleboro, until the death of 
O. D. Eastabrook in 1899, when the busi- 
ness was terminated; started in men's and 
boys' clothing business in Ullery building, 
1899, with J. J. Fenton of Bellows Falls, 
under firm name of E. J. Fenton & Co.; 
purchased partner's interest January, 
] 90 1, and moved to present store in Amer- 
ican building 1907, adding extensive line 
of women's, men's, boys' and girls' cloth- 
ing, furnishings, shoes, and small wares. 
Is a Democrat; a Roman Catholic. Mem- 
ber of Knights of Columbus, the Order of 
Elks, the Red Men, and Vermont Wheel 

FF.RGUSON, Clarence James, Bur- 
lington. I>awyer. Born Westford, Jan. 8, 
] 8f)0, son of Rev. James Farwell and Lydia 
(Wiswel) Ferguson. Educated at public 
schools. Essex Classical Institute, Bur- 
lington High .School, and Boston Univer- 
sitv Law School, class of 1892. In 1892 

married Ella B. Styles of Kingston, N. 
Y. ; they have three children, Dorothy, 
Crawford C, and Clayton A. In 1887 
entered into partnership with A. O. Fer- 
guson in milk, cream, and ice business, 
under name of Ferguson Bros., later tak- 
ing over the Frank K. Converse ice busi- 
ness. In 1890 began the study of law at 
Boston University Law School; admitted 
to Vermont Bar 1892, practicing in Chit- 
tenden County until 1905, when he was 
elected superintendent and attorney Ver- 
mont Anti-Saloon League, resigning posi- 
tion in 1911- Mr. Ferguson is a Repub- 
lican; city grand juror, Burlington, 1897 
and 1 899- In religious preference is a 
Baptist. A member of Hamilton Lodge 
No. 14, I. O. O. F. 

FERRIN, Charles H., Montpelier. 
Merchant. Born Johnson, Dec. 11, 1853; 
son of Whitman G. and Matilda (Harris) 
Ferrin. Educated at Montpelier High 
School. In 1879 married Ida E. Robin- 
son of Montpelier; the}^ have two children. 
Whitman G. and Winnifred L. Came to 
Montpelier with parents in 1859; conduc- 
tor on the Montpelier & Wells River Rail- 
road several years ; in telephone service 
at Lowell, Mass., and superintendent tele- 
phone service at Burlington for a time; 
was secretary Union Mutual Fire Insur- 
ance Co. ; now engaged in grocery busi- 
ness. Is a Republican; Jan, 1, 1906, ap- 
pointed sergeant-at-arms by Governor 
Bell, and reappointed in 1908 and IPIO. 
A Unitarian. Member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows; trustee of Mont- 
pelier Lodge of Elks ; and member of 
Apollo Club. 

FIELD, Frederick A., Rutland. 
Broker, real estate, and insurance. Born 
Brandon, June 7, 1850; son of William M. 
and Minerva K. (Davenport) Field. Edu- 
cated at Brandon and Rutland public 
schools, and Burr and Burton Seminary, 
Manchester. In 1873 married Lillie 
Clark of Rutland ; they had three children, 
Richard Clark (deceased), Edward Dav- 
enport, and Frederick A. Is a Repub- 
lican ; member of Republican town and 
city committees, and chairman for several 
years ; member and chairman of Repub- 
lican county committee several years; 
member of Republican committee of the 
first congressional district, and delegate to 
many state, district, and county conven- 




tions. Was assistant postmaster 1872 to 
1888; postmaster 1888 to 1892; has been 
jjost-office inspector; trustee of village of 
Rutland; school commissioner; city treas- 
urer ; United States marshal ; trustee of 
Rutland Savings Bank; director of Peo- 
ple's Gas Light Co. ; trustee and treasurer 
of Evergreen Cemetery ; treasurer of State 
^lutual Fire Insurance Co. ; and secretary 
of Rutland Improvement League. Is a 
Congregationalist ; member of prudential 
committee^ and secretary and treasurer of 
Sunday school for twenty years. Mem- 
ber of" Center Lodge No. 34>, F. & A. M., 
of Rutland ; American Legion of Honor ; 
grand chancellor and supreme representa- 
tive, Knights of Pythias ; exalted ruler 
Rutland Lodge No. 345, Order of Elks; 
and delegate to Grand Lodge. 

FIELD, Edward Davenport, Montpel- 
ier. Insurance. Born Rutland, Jan. 13, 
1879; son of Fred A. and Lillie (Clark) 
Field. Educated in the public schools, 
and Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass. In 
1906 married Ethel Arend DeBoer of 
Montpelier; they have two children, Cath- 
erine and Josephine. Entered the actu- 
arial department of the National Life In- 
surance Co. 1897; in 1902 appointed sec- 
retary to the president of the company; 
and in 191I elected superintendent of 
agencies. Mr. Field is a Republican; sec- 
retary of Montpelier board of school com- 
missioners ; • secretary Vermont Historical 
Society. In religious belief a Congrega- 
tionalist. Past master Aurora Lodge No. 
22, F. & A. M. ; member King Solomon 
Chapter No. 22, R. A. M.; Montpelier 
Council No. 4, R. & S. M. ; Mt. Zion Com- 
mandery No. 9, Knights Templar; Mt. 
Sinai Temple, Order of the Mystic Shrine; 
Montpelier Country Club; and Apollo 

FIELD, Fred T., Boston, Mass. 
Lawyer. Born Springfield, Dec. 24, 
1876; son of Frederic Griswold and 
Anna M. (Tarbell) Field. Graduated 
from Vermont Academy 1895, Brown 
University, A. B., 1900, and Harvard 
Law School, LL. B. 1903. Admitted to 
Bar of Massachusetts 1903; United 
States supreme court 1906; law clerk, de- 
partment of attorney general, Massa- 
chusetts, 1903-5; assistant attorney gen- 
eral 1905 to date. A Republican; a 
Baptist. Member of American, Massa- 

chusetts, and Boston Bar Associations; 
New England Historic-Genealogical So- 
ciety; Vermont Historical Society, St. 
Botolph, University, and Oakley Country 

FIFIELD, Benjamin Franklin, Mont- 
pelier. Lawyer. Born Orange, Nov. 18, 
1832; son of Col. Orange and Melissa 
Fifield. The family is of Scotch descent, 
the name having been originally a union 
of the name of the county of Fife, in 
Scotland, with the name of Field. On his 
maternal side a descendant of the Ad- 
amses of Massachusetts, while his great- 
grandfather Fifield was an officer in the 
Revolutionary War, and was the second 
man over the British entrenchments at the 
battle of Bennington. Fitted for college 
at Montpelier, and Plattsburg, N. Y. ; 
University of Vermont, A. B. 1855; LL.D. 
1906. In 1865 married Lucy, daughter 
of E'rastus Hubbard of Montpelier; they 
had three daughters, Fanny L. (jNIrs. 
Burnside F. Bailey), Arabella B. (Mrs. 
Julius F. Workum), Ellen Lamb (Mrs. 
Carlisle J. Gleason). Studied law in of- 
fice of Peck & Colby, Montpelier; ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1858, and began 
practice there, where he has since resided. 
In partnership with Peck & Colby until 
1864, when Mr. Colby retired; continued 
with Mr. Peck until 1866, when he suc- 
ceeded to the business of the firm. Presi- 
dent of the Vermont Bar Association 1884. 
A Republican ; U. S. district attorney 
I869-8O, resigning on account of his elec- 
tion to Legislature; chairman judiciary 
committee, member committee on revision 
of laws and constitutional amendments ; in 
August, 1880, delivered a speech on the 
political issues of the day which was used 
effectively by the state committee as a 
campaign document throughout the state, 
and was republished by the Republican 
national committee and circulated through 
the whole North ; declined a nomination 
to Congress in 1884; delegate to national 
Republican convention, 1884; U. S. com- 
missioner to locate federal building at 
Montpelier; Jan. 7, 1889, appointed by 
Gov. E. C. Smith U. S. senator to fill va'- 
cancy caused by death of Senator ^Morrill, 
but declined appointment owing to ill 
health of ]Mrs. Fifield, and following her 
death in March, 1890, he relinquished all 
professional and public engagements. 
Those who remember his speeches in the 




Garfield and Arthur campaign, understand 
what his powers are as a public speaker, 
the fullness of his knowledge of public 
questions, and the extent of hfs capacity 
to go to the very heart of difficult prob- 

FISH. Exos C, West Rutland. High 
sheriflf. Born Ira. Sept. 11. 1836; son of 
Enos C. and Marcia (Chapman) Fish. 
Educated at Ira Academy. In 1869 mar- 
ried Frances J. Freeman of West Rut- 
land. A Republican; represented West 
Rutland in the Legislature 18p8; has been 
constable, deputy sheriff, and in 1905 ap- 
pointed sherift' by Governor Bell; elected 
sheritf in 1906. 1908. and 1910. A Con- 
gregationalist. Past master Hiram Lodge 
Xo. 101. F. & A. M.. of West Rutland. 

FISH. Fraxk L. Superior court judge. 
See page 91- 

FISH. Galex Bcrch, Stockbridge. 
Merchant and postmaster. Born Ran- 
dolph. June 24, 1869; son of Arnold 
Burch and Amelia (Pearson) Fish. Edu- 
cated at Randolph graded school ; spent 
freshman year at Dartmouth College; and 
graduated at the Detroit Training School 
of Elocution and English Literature. In 
1900 married Lena Maude Chamberlain 
of Stockbridge ; they have one daughter, 
Winona Madine. Has conducted a gen- 
eral merchandise store in Stockbridge 
since 1900. A Republican; appointed 
postmaster Xov. 8. 1902; served as town 
superintendent of schools four years. 
Member of Rural Lodge No. 29, F. & 
A. M.. of Rochester. 

FI.SK. Xelsox WiLBiR, Isle La Motte. 
Manufacturer. Born Isle La ^lotte, Aug. 
.'5. IS.'Jl-; son of Hiram C. and Cynthia 
rClark) Fisk. His great-grandfather, 
Ichabod Fisk. came to the island in 1788 
and settled on the farm which has since 
been the family home. Educated at Mont- 
pelif-r .Sf-minary. Fort Edward (X. Y.) 
Institiitf. and Eastman's Business College, 
Potifrlikffpsie. In 1880 married Elizabeth 
Brekwith Hubbell of Chazy, X. Y. ; they 
havf no children. By the death of his 
fathf-r in 188t. succeeded to the Fisk mar- 
ble quarries, the oldest in Vermont, hav- 
ing bf-en openfd in I66I. eontf-mporaneous 
with the building of Fort .St. Anne on 
Islf La Mott»^-. and which he has operated 

to date. Chairman board of trustees State 
Industrial School 1891'; trustee Johnson 
State Xormal School several years, and 
since 1896 a trustee of the University of 
Vermont; state commissioner California 
^Midwinter Exposition 1894, and the Pan- 
x\merican Exposition 1900. A Republi- 
can; represented Isle La Motte in Legis- 
lature 1882 and 1884; senator from Grand 
Isle County 1888; delegate to national 
convention at Chicago in 1888, and at 
Minneapolis 1892; lieutenant-governor of 
Vermont 1896-8. Is a Methodist. 

FITCH, Charles H., Windsor. Coal, 
grain, and lumber dealer. Born at Wind- 
sor in 1846; son of Samuel R. and Martha 
(Tasket) Fitch. Educated in the public 
schools. In I869 married Helen A. Rob- 
inson of Weathersfield ; they have no chil- 
dren. Lived on a farm until 21 years of 
age, when he began business in town, 
which he has since conducted. Is trustee 
of Windsor Public Library; for several 
years a director of W^indsor Machine Co., 
and Hillside Creamery, and has settled 
many estates. Is a Republican; has held 
nearly everj^ office in the gift of the town; 
was trustee five years ; represented Wind- 
sor in the Legislature 1908 and I91O. In 
religious preference a Congregationalist. 

FITTS, Clarke C, Brattleboro. Law- 
yer. Born Wardsboro, Oct. 17, 1870; son 
of Osmer C. and Abbie M. (Twitchell) 
Fitts. Educated in public schools, Le- 
land & Gray Seminary, Townshend, and 
Brattleboro High School. In 1893 mar- 
ried Harriet Lyon of Londonderry; she 
died in 1897; has two sons, Robert I. and 
Stanley C, by that marriage; in 1903 
married Maud L. Emerson of Brattleboro; 
has one son, Osmer C, by that marriage. 
Admitted to the Bar Oct. 21, 1891, and 
has practiced his profession ever since at 
Brattleboro. States attorney of Wind- 
ham County 1 894-96; reiDresentative from 
Brattleboro in the General Assembly of 
Vermont in 1904; attorney general of Ver- 
mont 1904-8. Mr. Fitts is a Republican, 
and a Congregationalist. 

FLAGG, George W., Braintree. Farm- 
er. Born Braintree, April 9, 1839; son 
of Austin and Mary E. (Harwood) Flagg. 
Educated in the public schools. In 186.5 
married Delia A. Howard of Braintree, 
who died 1910; thev had two sons, Lester 


CAMy^L / - C 




Gerry and Bert Clinton (deceased). En- 
listed as private in Co. F, 2nd Vermont 
Volunteers, May, 1861; mustered into 
service the following June; was in the 
battle of Bull Run, McClellan's campaign 
before Richmond, Antietam, first and sec- 
ond battles of Fredericksburg, Sheridan's 
campaign in the Shenandoah Valley, Get- 
tysburg, Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Cedar 
Creek, and others of less note ; served 
over four years, being mustered out July, 
1865; was 1st lieutenant, and brevet cap- 
tain in command of the only company 
raised in Montpelier. At the close of the 
war returned to Braintree and engaged in 
farming; was a breeder of fancy stock for 
many years, which he exhibited at state 
and county fairs, taking many prizes, 
especially on his Cotswold sheep; for the 
past seven years has dealt largely in 
Western horses ; was president of the Cots- 
wold Register Association; one of the di- 
rectors and vice-president of the White 
River fair. Bethel, for many years ; di- 
rector of the Northfield fair; and has been 
employed as an expert judge of stock at 
fairs of northern Vermont. Is a Repub- 
lican ; represented Braintree in the Leg- 
islature 1886; has held many town offices; 
senator from Orange County IPIO; chair- 
man of committee on military affairs, and 
member of other committees. Past com- 
mander of Randolph Post, G. A. R., of 
Randolph. Has a wide reputation as an 
athlete and champion wrestler, engaging 
in contests with champions from all Amer- 
ica; when 38 years old won a champion 
belt for a three days' contest with 12 
wrestlers among the best in the United 
States ; has wrestled in nearly all the large 
towns in New England, Ohio, Wisconsin, 
and ^Michigan; his last contest took place 
when he was 62 years old. 

FLANDERS, Frank B., Brunswick. 
Educator and farmer. Born Stewarts- 
town, N. H., Feb. 15, 1867; son of Jo- 
seph W. and Ann (Blodgett) Flanders. 
Educated in the public schools, Lancaster 
(N. H.) Academy, and Dartmouth Col- 
lege, class of 1892. After graduating from 
college engaged in teaching; was principal 
Watson Academy, Epping, N. H., four 
years; taught at Groveton, N. H., four 
years; and principal Canaan High School 
three years. In 1907-8 built what was 
known as the Essex and Coos Telephone 
Line, which he sold in 1910 to the Bell 

Telephone Co. In 1900 purchased a farm 
in Brunswick, where he has since resided. 
Is a Democrat; has held all the town 
offices ; is at present town clerk, first se- 
lectman, school director and justice of the 
peace ; represented Brunswick in the Leg- 
islature I9O8. Member of the Unitarian 
Church of Lancaster, N. H. Member of 
the Knights of Pythias ; lecturer in the 
Grange, and member of the Phi Delta 
Theta fraternity at college. 

FLANDERS, Ralph Edward, Spring- 
field. Mechanical engineer. Born Bar- 
net, Sept. 28, 1880; son of Albert Wel- 
lington and Mary (Gilfillan) Flanders. 
Educated in the public schools, Lincoln, 
R. I.; Pawtucket and Central Falls, R. I., 
high schools, and engineering education by 
night study. In I9II married Helen E. 
Hartness, daughter of James Hartness of 
Springfield. Apprenticed to the machin- 
ist's trade at the Brown-Sharpe Mfg. Co., 
Providence, in 1897; worked as draftsman 
and designer with various firms in New 
England until July, 1905, when he went 
to New York on the editorial staff of 
"Machinery," remaining until 1910, when 
he entered the employ of the Fellows Gear 
Shaper Co., Springfield, as mechanical en- 
gineer, which position he still holds. Has 
made a special study of gearing, having 
written a book, "Gear Cutting Machin- 
ery," besides smaller pamphlets, and vari- 
ous papers on the subject read before the 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers 
and other bodies, as well as lectures at 
various schools and colleges. Is independ- 
ent in politics. A Congregationalist. As- 
sociate member of American Society of 
Mechanical Engineers; member of Society 
of Automobile Engineers, and Machinery 
Club of New York. 

FLEETWOOD, Fredkrick G., Morris- 
ville. Lawyer. Born St. Johnsbury, Sept. 
27, 1869; son of Henry and Laura J. 
(Kenney) Fleetwood. Graduated from St. 
Johnsbury Academy 1886; attended Uni- 
versity of Vermont 1886-8; and graduated 
from Harvard University 1891. Admitted 
to the Vermont Bar 1894; has since been 
engaged in law practice in Morrisville. 
Is a Republican ; town clerk and treasurer, 
Morristown ; representative in the Legis- 
lature 19OO; presidential elector 19OO; and 
messenger to carry Vermont's electoral 
vote to Washington 1901; secretary of 




state 19t>2-8; state's attorney Lamoille 
County 1898-1 900. An Episcopalian. 
Member of Mt. Vernon Lodge Xo. 8, 
F. & A. M.. of Morrisville; the Order of 
Knights of Pythias ; and the Grange. 

FLETCHER. Allen M.. Proctorsville. 
Farmer. Born Indianapolis. Ind.. Sept. 
•25. 1853; son of Stoiighton A. and Julia 
A. Fletcher. Educated at Williston Sem- 
inary. East Hampton. Mass. Married 
^lary E. Bence; they have three children, 
!Mary C. Fanny B., and Allen M., Jr. 
Engaged in farming pursuits. A Repub- 
lican ; and has taken an active interest in 
the ariairs of the Republican party; rep- 
resented the town of Cavendish in the 
Legislature of 1905, 1906, 1908 and 191O; 
and Windsor County in the senate of 
1904. and was a member of the commis- 
sion appointed to revise the constitution 
of the State of Vermont. Is trustee of 
the village of Proctorsville. Is a member 
of the Grange, a Mason, and an Odd Fel- 

FLETCHER. Carl Chittenden, Shel- 
burne. Farmer. Born St. Johnsbury, 
Feb. 5. 1870; son of Truman Chittenden 
and Katherine Knapp (Brown) Fletcher. 
Educated at St. Johnsbury Academy and 
Dartmouth College. In 1898 married Lil- 
lian Wells of Cabot; they have one son, 
Frederick Wells. In newspaper work for 
;20 years ; connected with the Rutland Her- 
ald. Burlington Free Press, New York 
World, and St. Albans Messenger; editor 
and publisher of the Swanton Courier for 
10 years. A Republican. Member of 
Seventy-six Lodge Xo. 14, F. & A. M., 
past master; Champlain Chapter Xo. 2, 
R. A. M.; Lafayette Commandery Xo. 3, 
K. T.. and Vermont Society Sons of Amer- 
ican Revolution. 

FLINT. Homer Abial, Montpelier. 
( Icrgyman. Born Xorthfield. March 21, 
1875; son of John Hackett and Phoebe 
Helen (Andrews) Flint. Graduated 
Xorthfield High School ; one year at Dart- 
mouth College; graduated St. Stephen's 
College, Annandale. X. Y., B. A. 1897, 
Vi. A. 1900; Cieneral Theological Semi- 
nary. .\<w York, B. I). If^Ol; graduate 
courses at New York L nivcrsity two years, 
M. A. 1900, and at ^V(•st(•rIl L'niversity of 
Pennsylvania, now L'niversity of Pitts- 
burgh, one IMi. \). 1 9o/). In 1 900 

married Theodora ]May Plumley, daughter 
of Hon. Frank Plumley of Xorthfield; 
they have two children, Frank Plumley 
and Phoebe Helen Miller. Is a Protest- 
ant Episcopal clergyman; ordained to diac- 
onate by Bishop Doane of Albany, X^. Y"., 
]May 12, 1900; ordained to priesthood by 
Bishop Whitehead of Pittsburgh, Pa., Dec. 
23, 19OO; minister of St. Philip's Chapel, 
Pittsburgh, Pa., I9OO-I ; associate rector 
of Christ Church, Allegheny, Pa., 19OI- 
3; archdeacon of Pittsburgh 1903-7; rec- 
tor Christ Church, Montpelier, since 1907. 
.Member of the board of trustees of Wash- 
ington County Grammar School; member 
of Theta Delta Chi fraternity; state chap- 
lain Sons of American Revolution; asso- 
ciate member Brooks Post, G. A. R.; mem- 
ber of Franklin Lodge Xo. 221, F. & A. 
M., Pittsburgh, Pa.; Gourgas Lodge of 
Perfection ; Pennsylvania Council, Princes 
of Jerusalem; Pittsburgh Chapter Rose 
Croix; and Pennsylvania Consistory, Scot- 
tish Rite; and Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic 
Shrine, of Montpelier. 

FLIX^T, Joseph S., Burlington. Mer- 
chant. Born Xew Haven Mills, Jan. 10, 
1868; son of George W. and Cleora X^. 
(Fuller) Flint. Educated in the public 
schools and Beeman Academy, New Ha- 
ven. In 1893 married Perlie E. Hill of 
Bristol; they have two children, Gladys 
and George H. Clerk for Brush & Pat- 
terson, Bristol, 1 886-91 ; traveling sales- 
man for P. Lorillard Tobacco Co., 1891- 
5 ; in 1 895 formed partnership with O. C. 
Taylor and C. L. Soule, wholesale tobac- 
conists, under firm name of O. C. Taylor 
& Co.; in 1907 purchased Mr. Soule's in- 
terest in the company. A Republican ; a 
director in the City Trust Co. Member 
of ^Masonic fraternity ; Order of Elks ; 
Ethan Allen Club; Vermont Fish and 
Game League ; Morgan Horse Club ; Uni- 
ted Commercial Travelers' Association, 
and vice-president in Vermont of Xew 
England Fat ]\Ien's Club. 

FLIXT, Kemp R. B., Xorthfield. Edu- 
cator. Born Middlesex, Sept. 1, 1880; 
son of Leroy A. and Lanette (Kemp) 
Flint. Educated in the public schools of 
Middlesex, Montpelier High School, grad- 
uated 1 899, and Xorwich University, B. S. 
1903, and M. A. 1909. In 1905 married 
Berniece Thomas of Middlebury; they 
have one son, Winston Allen. For four 


%u^ //r 





years, 1903-7, in the mercantile business 
in Montpelier and Northfield; in 1907 
elected instructor in English at Norwich 
University; a year later made assistant 
professor, and in 1909 appointed head of 
the department of English language and 
literature, which position he now holds. 
One of the charter members of the Green 
Mountain Club of Vermont; secretary of 
^^ermont Alumni Association of Norwich 
University seven years. A Republican, 
and a Congregationalist. Member of 
Northfield Grange; Alpha Sigma Pi fra- 
ternity ; the college club, and a charter 
member of the Northfield Commercial 

FLYNN, John J., Burlington. Finan- 
cier. Born Dorset, June 22, 1854; son of 
James and Catherine (Shea) Flynn. Edu- 
cated at Dorset district schools. In 1880 
married Nellie F. Waite of Dorset. A 
tenant farmer in South Burlington 1876- 
80; retail grocer in Burlington 1880-90; 
real estate dealer 1890 to date, and, at 
various times, a large owner of Vermont 
forest lands. Organized and financed the 
building of the Military Post Street Rail- 
way, connecting the villages of Winooski 
and Essex Junction; the Barre and Mont- 
pelier Street Railway system, connecting 
these two cities ; the St. Albans and Swan- 
ton electric lines ; the Bellows Falls and 
Saxtons River electric lines, the Barre gas 
plant, and a considerable electric street 
railway in New Jersey. One of the or- 
ganizers and principal owners of the Ver- 
gennes Water Power Co., which is engaged 
in the development of the water power at 
Vergennes ; one of the organizers and an 
officer of the Chittenden County Trust Co. 
and the Burlington Mutual Fire Insurance 
Co. ; director Burlington Building and 
Loan Association; treasurer Military Post 
Street Railway Co. ; largely interested in 
the Burlington Traction Co., and con- 
nected with the road as an officer and 
director for the last 1 5 years ; vice-presi- 
dent and director Chittenden County Trust 
Co., and Elias Lyman Coal Co. ; owner of 
Starr Farm Beach on Lake Champlain, 
near Burlington, a suburban community of 
summer dwellers, where he has lately es- 
tablished his summer home; owner of Peru 
Turnpike Co., a toll road between Man- 
chester and Peru, through the Green 
Mountains. Member of various public 
commissions of Burlington, and one of the 

few Vermonters who has confined his life 
work to the development of Vermont in- 
terests. A Democrat; member of Algon- 
quin Club, Ethan Allen Club, and Bur- 
lington Lodge No. 916, B. P. O. E. 

FOGG, Lester D., Guildhall. Mer- 
chant. Born Gorham, N. H., May 19, 
1880; son of Elijah and Emma F. (Rines) 
Fogg. Educated in the public schools, 
and high school, Gorham, N. H. In 1911 
married Gladys E. Wentworth of Guild- 
hall. Was engaged two and one-half years 
as clerk in V. R. Holmes's general store 
in Northumberland, N. H.; for the same 
length of time in the store of C. G. Ham- 
lin, Gorham, N. H., and five years clerk 
in the store of E. Libby & Sons Co., Gor- 
ham, N. H. In 1908 purchased the gen- 
eral merchandise store of V. R. Holmes, 
Guildhall, which he has since conducted. 
In religious belief a Universalist. 

FOLSOM, Harley E., Lyndonville. 
Railroad superintendent. Born Lyndon, 
Jan. 14, 1850; son of Charles and Flavia 
(McGaffey) Folsom. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools and Newbury Seminary. In 
1878 married Clara S. Bailey of Troy, 
who died 1880. In 1887 married Jennie 
L. Darling of Lyndon; they have two 
children, Fred S. and Flavia G. Entered 
the employ of Passumpsic Railroad Co., 
Sept. 1, 1870, as clerk in office of general 
freight agent; appointed superintendent 
September, 1875; appointed division su- 
perintendent of Boston & Maine Railroad, 
June 1,1887. President of Vermont Val- 
ley Railroad, St. Johnsbury & Lake Cham- 
plain Railroad Co.. vice-president of 
Montpelier & Wells River and Barre Rail- 
roads, and director in the Connecticut & 
Passumpsic Railroad, the Sullivan County 
Railroad, and the Newport & Richford 
Railroad. Was formerly a Democrat; 
delegate at large to the Democratic na- 
tional convention of 1892; a Republican 
since the national election of 1896. A 

FOOTE, Abram William, Cornwall. 
Farmer and telephone manager. Born 
Cornwall, Oct. 24, 1862; son of Rollin 
A. and Julia A. (Sampson) Foote. Edu- 
cated at Middlebury graded school. In 
1883 married Kate Dodge Nichols of Brid- 
port; they have eight children, William 
Rollin, Eva Gertrude (Mrs. Leslie A. 





Mott). Arabella Wilcox. Kathleen Maria 
(Middlebury College Ipll). Charles Nich- 
ols. Jessie Emma. Ralph Abram. and Es- 
telle Julia. In 1S99 with local partners 
organized tlie Cornwall Telephone Co.; 
in 1901 built the Chittenden Count}' tele- 
phone line to Burlington, later sold this to 
the New England Telephone Co. and in 
May. I9O0. organized the Rutland county 
Telephone and Telegraph Company, 
president and general manager of 
same to date. Compiled a history and 
genealogy of the Foote family and pub- 
lished the same in a 600-page volume in 
1907. and organized the Foote Family 
Association the same year, and has been 
the secretary and treasurer since. A Re- 
publican ; has held nearly every office in 
the town ; represented Cornwall in the 
Legislature 1900; elected assistant judge 
of Addison County court in 1902, re-elect- 
ed in 1904. In religious belief a Baptist. 

FOOTE, Fraxklix E., Cornwall. Prod- 
uce dealer. Born Cornwall. Dec. 4, 
186:2; son of Jared and Rosaltha (Field) 
Foote. Educated in the public schools, 
and Middlebury High School. In 1897 
married Una R. Sanford of Cornwall; 
tl)ey have four children, Sanford R., Wini- 
field E.. Cornelia G., and Florita E. Deal- 
er in apples, buying many thousand bar- 
rels annually in New York, the Annapolis 
Valley, Xova Scotia, Shenandoah Valley, 
Virginia, and Champlain Valley in Ver- 
mont. \'ice-president Vermont Horticul- 
tural Society 1907-8; secretary Cornwall 
Telephone and Telegraph Co.; secretary 
and dirt-ctor Northern Orchard Co.; presi- 
dent Middlebury Cooperative Creamery 
As.sociation ; president Vermont & Long 
Island Realty Co.. Inc., with offices in 
New York City. A Republican; selectman 
since 1907. A Congregationalist ; chair- 
man of executive committee. Member of 
Union Lodge No. 2, F. & A. M.; Mt. Sinai 
Temj)!*-. Mystic Shrine; the Knights of 
Pythias, and the Grange. 

lOHl). Alms Wilbih, Windsor. Cler- 
gyman. Born GranviUc March 10,>; 
son of Hiram and Fanny (Parker) Ford. 
Educated at the public schools. In 18.5fi 
inarri»d Jane E. Morris of Rochester, who 
died in 1875; they had three chiUlren, 
Weshy A.. Julius W.. and Minna J. (Mrs. 
French); in 1877 married Abbie E. East- 
man of Roehtstt-r; th*-v liavc tlirtc chil- 

dren, Winfred Hiram, James Clement, 
and Alvin Willard. Has been farmer, 
nnisic teacher, mechanic, constable and 
collector, justice of the peace, and evan- 
gelist in the states of New Hampshire, 
Massachusetts, and Vermont; is a Meth- 
odist clergyman; has been pastor of 
churches at Worcester, St. Albans Bay, 
Georgia and North Fairfax, Milton, Wind- 
sor, Waits River, Newbury, Pittsfield, 
Fairfax, Topsham, West Berkshire, East 
and South Franklin, and West Enosburg. 
Is a Prohibitionist; chaplain of the Ver- 
mont State Prison; chaplain of the Ver- 
mont House of Representatives 191O. 
Member of the Masonic Order; Independ- 
ent Order of Odd Fellows; and Good 

FORD. Benjamin S., Guildhall. Farm- 
er. Born Maidstone, July 8, 1873; son of 
George A. and Celia (Hubbard) Ford. 
Educated in the public schools of Guild- 
hall and Essex County Grammar School. 
In 1900 married Abbie Willey of Guild- 
hall ; they have three children, Philip W., 
Marion E., and Lenwood F. Mr. Ford 
has always followed farming, has also en- 
gaged in the lumber business for the past 
18 years. Is a Republican; represented 
Guildhall in the Legislature 1904; select- 
man five years ; has been lister and held 
various other town offices. Is a Methodist. 
Member of Benton Lodge No. 88^ F. & 
A. M., and the Grange. 

FORTIER, George Ferdinand, Rut- 
land. Clergyman. Born Somerville, Mass., 
May 19, 1874; son of Damase and Ruth 
(Forrest) Fortier. Educated in the public 
schools. Tufts College, and Crane Theo- 
logical School. In 1909 married Anna 
Mildred Hamilton of St. Albans; they 
have one daughter, Mildred P'arrar. Held 
))arishes at Pigeon Cove, Mass.; Bethel, 
St. Albans, Northfield, and Rutland. En- 
gaged in newspaper work and social set- 
tlement work previous to ordination to 
ministry 1897. Is a Democrat; candidate 
of ))arty for various offices ; member of 
scliool board at Pigeon Cove, Mass., and 
at Bethel. A Universalist ; secretary and 
sujjerintendent of the Universalist Conven- 
tion of Vermont and the Province of Que- 
bec. A member of Masonic order; Kniglits 
of Pythias; Odd Fellows; and Patrons of 
Husband rv. 




FOSS, John A., Plainfield. Postmas- 
ter. Born July 20, 1852; son of William 
B. and Judith M. (Batchelder) Foss. Ed- 
ucated in the public schools of Plainfield, 
and Montpelier Seminary. He married 
Delia E. Willey of Topsham; they have 
one son, Carl A. Engaged in farming 
until 1881, when he conducted a store at 
West Topsham three years, and in Plain- 
field 12 years. Appointed postmaster, 
Plainfield, 1897, which office he has since 
held. Is a Republican; justice of the 
peace 10 years. Is a Methodist. Member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows ; 
the Rebekahs ; the Grange ; and Junior 
Order of ^Mechanics. 

FOSTER, David J. Representative in 
Congress. See page 77. 

FOSTER, Ebenezer Johnson, Water- 
bury Center. Retired physician and sur- 
geon ; graduated from Massachusetts Met- 
aphysical College. Born Moretown, Jan. 
15, 1817; son of Leonard Robinson and 
Jane Boyington (Johnson) Foster; his 
adopted mother was the late Rev. Mary 
Baker G. Eddy. Educated in the public 
schools of his native town, graduated from 
the high school in 1866; took special 
courses in German, French, Spanish, 
music and painting, also a course of ora- 
tory in Boston. Is unmarried. At the 
age of fifteen enlisted in Co. B, 10th Ver- 
mont Volunteer Infantry, participating 
with his regiment in the battles at Orange 
Grove, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, 
North Anna, Totopotomy. Cold Harbor, 
W^elden Railroad, Monocacy, Winchester, 
Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, Petersburg, 
and Sailor's Creek. Member and for sev- 
eral years post commander Ezra Stetson 
Post Xo. 72, G. A. R. A Republican. 
Has been president of the Washington 
County Veterans' Association several 
yeaf s ; past president Vermont Veterans' 
Society of Boston and Vicinity ; command- 
er Grand Armj^ of the Republic, Depart- 
ment of Vermont, ipiO-ll; member Wi- 
nooski Lodge No. 19, F. & A. M. ; Water- 
bury R. A. Chapter; Montpelier Council, 
R. & S. M.; Mt. Zion Commandery, K. 
T.. of which he has been eminent com- 
mander ; Gamaliel Washburn Lodge of 
Perfection; Edward H. Roby Council, P. 
of J.; Delta Chapter of Rose Croix; Ver- 
mont Consistory, 32 degrees, and Mt. 
Sinai Temple, also member of Eastern 

Star. Has taken the degrees in the sub- 
ordinate, Pomona, State and National 
Grange; has been lecturer Vermont State 
Grange, and is past master of the subor- 
dinate Grange; past president National C. 
S. A. Is a member of the Montpelier 
lodge of Elks ; has traveled extensively in 
the United States. 

FOSTER, Oilman T., Weston. Farm- 
er. Born Weston, son of J. M. and Mary 
M. (Leonard) Foster. Educated in the 
public schools. In 1887 married Susan 
A. Turner of Weston; they have four chil- 
dren, Barney A., Percy A., Herbert G., 
and Florence E. Mr. Foster has always 
followed farming. Is a Republican; repre- 
sented Weston in the Legislature 1910; 
was town lister 17 years, road commis- 
sioner six years, and school director three 
years. Is a Methodist. Is past grand 
Fraternity Lodge, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. 

FOSTER, Herbert Sidney, Calais. Re- 
tired army officer and farmer. Born Calais, 
Aug. 8, 1853; son of Sidney Henry and 
Louisa Rich (Dudley) Foster. Educated 
in the public schools, Goddard Seminary, 
Barre, and U. S. Military Academy, West 
Point, N. Y. In 1881 married Laura A. 
Kent of Boston, Mass.; they have three 
children. Forest Kent, Sidney Herbert, 
and Louise Evangeline. Served as an offi- 
cer in U. S. army from June 15, 1876, to 
Oct. 6, 1906; was in service in Spanish- 
American War; in battles of El Caney. 
Cuba, July 1, and Santiago July 2 and 3. 
and July 10 and 11, 1898; served in the 
Philippine insurrection; in battles at St. 
Guadaloupe Church, Luzon, March 6. 
1899; Pasig, Luzon, March 8, 1899; and 
Cainta, Luzon, March 9. 1899; retired 
from active service, with rank of colonel. 
Oct. 6, 1906. Has since engaged in farm- 
ing. A Republican; delegate to various 
conventions, county, district, and state; 
justice of the peace. In religious prefer- 
ence a Universalist. Member of Sons of 
Veterans; Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion; Military Order of Foreign Wars; 
Society of Santiago de Cuba; Sons of the 
American Revolution; \'ermont Historical 
Society; Montpelier Historical Society; 
Calais Grange, Patrons of Husbandry; 
Winooski Valley Pomona Grange. Patrons 
of Husbandry ; American Civic Alliance ; 
and Green ]\Iountain Club. Has held the 




offices of sergeant of the guard and cap- 
tain in Camp 19.. Sons of Veterans^ Bur- 
lington; and in Camp 39, North Calais, 
has been commander, secretary two terms, 
patriotic instructor two terms, chaplain, 
and member of council two terms; in Ver- 
mont Division, lieutenant-colonel and col- 
onel 1891 and 1892, patriotic instructor 
two terms, member of council tM'o terms; 
member of military committee two terms 
in the commandery-in-chief. Sons of Vet- 
erans; member of council two terms in 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of 
the U. S., Vermont Commandery; judge 
advocate, and treasurer two terms in Mili- 
tary Order of Foreign Wars of the U. S., 
Vermont Commandery; member of board 
of managers three terms, chairman of 
board two terms in Sons of the American 
Revolution, Vermont Society; master one 
term in Calais Grange, Patrons of Hus- 
bandry; lecturer two terms in Winooski 
Valley Pomona Grange, Patrons of Hus- 
bandry; and governor for state of Ver- 
mont in American Civic Alliance. 

FOWLER. Joseph W., Manchester. 
Insurance. Born Manchester, May 15, 
1857; son of Harvey K. and Mary Jane 
(Xoble) Fowler. Educated at Burr and 
Burton Seminary and at Bingham's Mili- 
tary Academy, Xorth Carolina; studied 
law in the office of Harvey K. Fowler; 
admitted to the Vermont Bar 1879- In 
1880 married Hattie M. Dole, who died 
Jan. 19, 1882; they had one son, Arthur 
Dole; in 1884 married Hattie L. Walker 
of Manchester; they have two children, 
Paul Warren and Earle Joseph. Practiced 
law under the firm name of Fowler & Son; 
since 1900 has devoted entire time to in- 
surance. A Republican ; has held nearly 
all the town offices ; chairman of the school 
board; member of the district committee; 
represented Manchester in the Legislature 
1 902 ; senator from Bennington County 
1901. In religious belief a Congregation- 

FRASIER, Wii.LARn Ashton, Rutland. 
Educator. Born Lockport, 111., June 5, 
1S5.S; son of James R. and Elizabeth A. 
C Brown) Frasier. Educated at Inde- 
pendent College, Plainfield, 111.; Spen- 
cerian Business College, Cleveland, O. ; 
and Oberlin College, Oberlin, O. In ] 887 
married Jennie E. Clark of Poultney; 

they have four children, Ruth Lucia, 
Hernia Clark, Willard Ashton, Jr., and 
Marquita Frances. Began teaching in 
the district school, Kipton, O. ; was 
assistant principal Richland County Nor- 
mal School, INIansfield, O. ; principal of 
Scientific and Business Institute, Mans- 
field, O. ; director Commercial Department, 
Trov Conference Academy, Poultney; 
principal Graded School, Poultney; as- 
sistant principal Drake's Business College, 
Jersey City, N. J.; and superintendent of 
schools, Rutland. Is a Republican. In 
religious belief a Congregationalist. 

FRENCH, George B., Concord. Phy- 
sician and surgeon. Born Hardwick, Jan. 
24, 1858; son of Mark and Lois (Dutton) 
French. Educated at Hardwick and Mor- 
risville academies ; Hahnemann ^Medical 
College, Chicago; Eclectic Medical Col- 
lege, New York, M. D. 1883. In 1884 
married Alice E. Ford of Hardwick; they 
have one son, Harold F. Practiced his 
profession at Waterville three years, 
Greensboro four years, and Concord 22 
years; member Caledonia County Medical 
Society. A Republican ; has filled the 
office of school superintendent, school di- 
rector, and selectman; has been health offi- 
cer of Concord for several years ; repre- 
sented Concord in the Legislature 1908, 
member committee on health and chairman 
committee on insane. A Universalist; past 
master Moose River Lodge No. 82, F. & 
A. M.; member Order of Eastern Star, 
and of Concord Grange. 

FRESN, Albert C, South Hero. 
Farmer. Born Chrestome, P. Q., Oct. 10, 
1862; son of Peter and Elizabeth (Char- 
ters) Fresn. Educated in the public 
schools of South Hero, and St. Albans 
High School. In 1885 married Edith 
McNall of Plattsburg, N. Y. ; they have 
one son, Benjamin A. Employed b^ U. 
S. government in river and harbor im- 
provements in the Wisconsin River, three 
and one-half years; returned to South 
Hero, purchased a farm and followed 
farming until 1900, when he sold the 
farm, purchased a tract of land for an 
orchard, and has since devoted his time 
to fruit growing. Is a Democrat; has 
been constable since 1892; deputy sheriff 
past six years; fish and game warden two 
years; town grand juror 1904-5; repre- 




sented South Hero in the Legislature 
19O8. Clerk in Mansfield Lodge No. 
15116, Modern Woodmen of America. 

FULLAM, Eben Joel, Springfield. 
Born Ludlow, March 20, 1871; son of 
Leighton G. and Adelaide (Slack) Ful- 
1am. Educated at Black River Academy 
of Ludlow, class of 1891, and Middlebury 
College, class of 1895. In 1899 married 
Eva May Bryant of Ludlow. Treasurer 
of the Fellows Gear Shaper Co. since 
1899. A Republican. Member of the 
Congregational Church. Member of Delta 
Upsilon college fraternity. 

FULLER, Erasmus Darwin, St. Al- 
bans. Livery and sales stable. Born St. 
Albans, Feb. 7, 1834; son of William and 
Eliza (Green) Fuller. Educated in the 
public schools and St. Albans Academy. 
In 1855 married Maretta A. Manzer of 
Swanton. William Fuller, his father, was 
the first man in St. Albans to keep a liv- 
ery; his son Erasmus, his successor, is 
now, and has been since 1850, doing busi- 
ness on the spot where he was born, being 
the oldest liveryman in Vermont, and the 
longest in business consecutively of any 
man in St. Albans. Is a Republican. A 
Congregationalist. The oldest living mem- 
ber of Franklin Lodge No. 4, F. & A. M., 
St. Albans, having joined the order 51 
years ago ; a member of St. Albans Lodge 
No. 31, I. O. O. F., since March 1, 1872. 

GALE, Fred P., Plainfield. Physician. 
Born Plainfield, May 5, 1853; son of S. 
B. and Mary (Bailey) Gale. Educated 
in the public schools, Barre Academy, and 
University of Vermont, medical depart- 
ment. In 1886 married Mary Nevens of 
Cabot; they have one daughter, Ella Web- 
ster Gale of Tacoma, Wash. Practiced 
medicine in Cabot previous to 1889; from 
1889 to 1897 in Fort Payne, Ala.; since 
1897 engaged in practice in Plainfield. Is 
a Republican. Superintendent of schools 
in Cabot and Plainfield for a number of 
years ; health officer in Plainfield ; past 
master Green Mountain Lodge No. 68, 
F. & A. M., of Cabot. 

GALE, Maurice Alfred, Bradford. 
Hotel proprietor. Born Sandy Creek, Os- 
wego County, N. Y. ; son of Reuben E. 
and Emeline (Spink) Gale. Educated in 

the public schools of Potsdam, N. Y. In 
1886 married Ida Belle Sawyer of New- 
bury; they had three children, William 
Maurice, Phillip Donald, and Florence 
Burnham (deceased). Clerk in general 
insurance office Cleveland, O., 1875-80; 
covered 14 states in capacity of salesman 
for the Cleveland Paper Co. 1880-5; with 
White River Paper Co. 1885-95; had 
charge of the Clyde River Paper Co.'s 
office for a brief time; in hotel business at 
Newbury for five years; purchased hotel 
at Fairlee, conducting same until 1905; 
then purchased Hotel Low at Bradford, 
of which he is at present proprietor. A 
Republican; constable 1906-9; deputy 
sheriff of Orange County since 1909; 
town grand juror of Fairlee 1904-6. A 
Congregationalist; chorister six years in 
Newbury. Member Pulaski Lodge No. 58, 
F. & A. M., of Wells River, and Mt. 
Lebanon Chapter No. 13, R. A. M., of 

GALVIN, John, late of Brattleboro. 
Born in County Cork, Ireland, Aug. 15, 
1854; died Dec. 26, 1911; son of Dennis 
and Joanna (Driscoll) Galvin. Educated 
in the public schools of Monkton. In 1887 
married Mary Flannery of Richmond; 
they had five children, John E., Katherine 
M., Agnes E., Anna D., and Maysie E. 
Served apprenticeship at tinsmithing and 
plumbing with George Barnum, Richmond, 
1874-7; commenced business in Middle- 
bury^ forming partnership with Judge 
Hyde; moved to Brattleboro in 1880, se- 
cured employment with E. H. Wood; in 
partnership with P. K. White one year; 
later conducted business alone. Assistant 
chief engineer Brattleboro fire department, 
1888-93; chairman insurance committee 
Brattleboro Board of Trade. A Democrat; 
member board of bailiffs, 1894, 1896, 
1905, 1906; chairman of board last two 
years ; member of special committee to 
acquire municipal water system, I9O6; 
town auditor 1891-7; selectman 1909-12, 
and chairman of board at time of his 
death. Member of board of trustees of 
the Austine institution. Member of St. 
Michael's Catholic Church; St. Michael's 
Court No. 574, C. O. F., and past chief 
ranger of the order ; member executive 
committee National federation Catholic so- 
cieties 1901-5; member Leo Council No. 
917, Knights of Columbus. 




GARVEY. Peter F.. Burlington. As- 
sistant postmaster. Born Fairfield. Nov. 
11. ISTti; son of Michael J. and Mary 
(Maginn) Garvey. Educated at Burlington 
High School, graduate of class of 1893. 
Principal of Fairfield Graded School, 
18pt-S: appointed clerk in the Burlington 
postotfice ISpp. imder civil service rules; 
appointed assistant postmaster 1903. still 
liolding that position. Is a Republican. 
Member of the Roman Catholic Church. 
Member of DeGoesbriand Council No. 
'279. Knights of Columbus; Burlington 
Lodge No. 916. Benevolent Protective Or- 
der of Elks; Ethan Allen Club; and Lake 
Champlain Yacht Club. 

GARY, Frank Ephraim Herbert, 
Newton Center, Mass. Lawyer. Born 
Montpelier, Oct. 8, 1858; son of Ephraim 
and Sarah (Robinson) Gary. Educated 
at Washington County Grammar School, 
graduated from Vermont Methodist Semi- 
nary 1879, and Boston L'niversity Law 
School 1884. In 1897 married Helen 
Putnam Osborne of Peabody, Mass. Stud- 
ied law with Heath & Carlton. Montpel- 
ier: admitted to Washington County (Ver- 
mont) Bar 1882; admitted to the bar of 
the supreme court of Vermont in 1884; 
practiced law in his native state two years ; 
moved to Boston, Mass., admitted to the 
Massachusetts Bar, and continued the 
practice of his profession; elected acting 
assistant dean of the Boston University 
Law School 1889, which position he held 
two years, also instructor of criminal law 
in that institution; traveled extensively in 
Europe 1900. Aside from the duties of 
his profession, has been largely interested 
in religious, charitable and literary en- 
deavor; member of the First Baptist 
Church of Boston; at one time superin- 
tendent of the Bethany Baptist Sunday 
school, and held other religious and church 
offices ; has been a director of the Boston 
Baptist Social Union, the Baptist Home 
at Cambridge, the New England Evangel-, 
jstic Association; treasurer and director 
of the New England Lord's Day League; 
president of the Pine Island Outing Club, 
one of tli<- advisory board of the Frances 
E. Willard .Settlement; y)resident and di- 
ffctor of the Cliinese Mission of New 
England since its incorj)oration ; first pres- 
ident of the Young Men's Baf)tist Social 
Union ; a member of the Vertnont Associ- 
ation, the Appalachian Mountain Cjiil). 

the Massachusetts Peace Society, the New 
England Baptist Library Association, the 
Bostonian Society and others. Office, 43 
Tremont St.. Boston, Mass.; residence, 
767 Commonwealth Ave., Newton Center, 

GATES, Benjamin, Montpelier. Law- 
yer. Born Pittsford, Aug. 6, 1873; son of 
Amos L. and Isabella (Johnson) Gates. 
Educated at Brandon Graded School, 
Montpelier Seminary, and Law Depart- 
ment of University of Michigan. In 1904 
married Bernice Maude Hunt of Montpel- 
ier. Admitted to Vermont Bar 1903. En- 
listed in Company A, 1st Regiment Con- 
necticut Volunteers, and served as pri- 
vate during Spanish-American War at 
Fort Knox, Me., and at Camp Alger, Va. ; 
honorable discharge 1898. Is a Repub- 
lican; was deputy clerk of Washington 
County Court 1899-1901; second assistant 
state librarian 1902-3; city grand juror 
1904-6; state's attorney for Washington 
County 1906-10. Is a Methodist. Mem- 
ber of Modern Woodmen of America, 
Knights of Pythias, Masons, Vermont His- 
torical Societ}^, Montpelier Historical So- 
ciety, The Club, a literary institution ; Ver- 
mont Bar Association, Washington County 
Bar Association, state lecturer and counsel 
of local camp in Modern Woodmen of 

GATES, Calvin Leo, Morrisville. 
Lumber manufacturer. Born Hyde Park, 
March 19, 1858; son of Benjamin Nathan 
and Delia (Whittier) Gates. Educated 
at Lamoille Central Academy, Hyde Park. 
In 1882 married Abbie L. Bullard of 
Hyde Park; they have three children, 
Mary Delia, Marjorie Fluella, and Whit- 
tier Bullard. Was employed six years by 
Western Union Telegraph Co. ; has fol- 
lowed farming in Vermont; was hotel 
keeper and liveryman in Kansas ; proved 
up government lands and freighter in 
Colorado ; proprietor of Morrisville and 
Stowe stage line six years; at present 
manager of Morrisville Lumber and Pow- 
er Co. Is a Democrat; represented Mor- 
ristown in Legislature 1904 — the first 
Democrat elected in Morristown in 54 
years ; has been member of Democratic 
state committee 12 years; has been lister, 
school director, and at present is chairman 
of the board of selectmen of Morristown. 
Is a Universalist. Member of Mt. Ver- 
non Lodge No. 8, F. & A. M.; Tucker 

"^ /yf>1^-<^if-0(^ 




Chapter No. 15, R. A. M.; Coral Chapter, 
O. E. S. ; Lamoille Commandery No. 13, 
K. T.; Mt. Sinai Temple, A. A. O. N. 
M. S.; and Rathbone Lodge, K. of P. 

GATES, Walter Benton, Burlington. 
Reporter and editor. Born Burlington, 
SejDt. 27, I860; son of Stephen and 
Martha Jane (Peck) Gates. Educated 
at Burlington High School and University 
of Vermont, class of 1881. In 1891 mar- 
ried Isabelle Miller Chandler of Pom- 
fret; she died in IPH ; they had two chil- 
dren, Dorothy and Chandler Stephen. Was 
with Burlington Cotton Mills 1882-7; 
from 1887 has been with the Burlington 
P'ree Press as reporter and city editor; is 
president of the Free Press Association 
and of Free Press Printing Company. Is 
a Republican ; was secretary of Republi- 
can League of Vermont 1892-6; super- 
visor of United States census for Vermont 
1900. A Unitarian. Member of Ethan 
Allen Club, and the Sigma Phi fraternity. 

GEORGE, Alvah H., St. Albans. 
Lawyer. Born St. Albans, Feb. 8, 1868; 
son of Horace W. and Mellisa A. (Young) 
George. Educated at St. Albans High 
School, a graduate of the class of 1886; 
studied law with Farrington & Post. Ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1889- Is a Dem- 
ocrat. Represented St. Albans in the 
Legislature 1900. Mayor of St. Albans 
1904. Member of St. Albans Lodge No. 
31, I. O. O. F. ; and past grand chancellor 
of the Knights of Pythias. 

GEORGE, William T., South Ryegate. 
Grain dealer. Born Topsham, Oct. 19? 
1854; son of William T. and Harriet B. 
(Weed) George. Educated in the public 
schools of Topsham and Bradford Acad- 
emy. In 1884 married Maila T. Miller 
of Topsham. Worked on farm previous to 
1872, when he was employed in a general 
store in Topsham ; later in the dry goods 
store of A. H. Bailey, Montpelier; in 
1878 accompanied Mr. Bailey when he 
removed to Groton ; in 1 879 went to South 
Ryegate as clerk for Geo. L. Hall, gen- 
eral store, where he remained five years ; 
manager of the Ryegate granite works 
store two years ; later in company with 
Terry & Guy, purchased the general store 
of J. B. Darling & Son, where he remained 
10 years, when he sold out and became 
manager of the grain business of E. For- 

syth at South Ryegate, purchasing the 
business in 1904; this he has since con- 
ducted. Is a Republican ; selectman for 
several years ; has held all the town of- 
fices ; administrator of 12 different estates. 
Member of United Presbyterian Church 
or South Ryegate; elder of the church for 
20 years, and has held many other church 

GIBBS, Lyman Alonzo, White River 
Junction. Hotel keeper. Born Brandon, 
Jan. 30, 1858; son of Alonzo and Martha 
Elizabeth (Winslow) Gibbs. At an early 
age removed with his parents to Wood- 
stock, and later to West Lebanon, N. H., 
where he was educated in the village 
schools. In 1882 married Clara Bell 
Bigelow of Gaysville ; they have two chil- 
dren, Charles Lyman and Alfred Alonzo. 
Conducted a meat market at West Leb- 
anon, N. H.; later removed to White 
River Junction, where he established a 
livery business which was later merged 
into that of the Junction House; member 
firm of Gibbs & Wheeler, jsroprietors of 
the Junction House. Was for two years 
selectman and overseer of the poor for 
town of Hartford. A Congregationalist. 
Charter member of Myrtle Lodge, I. O. 
O. F., and member of Iroquois Club of 
White River Junction. 

GIBSON, Ernest Willard, Brattle- 
boro. Lawyer. Born Londonderry, Dec. 
29, 1872; son of William L. and Saville 
S (Stowell) Gibson. Educated at Black 
River Academy, Norwich University 1894, 
and University of Michigan, B. S. and 
A. M. In I896 married Grace Fullerton 
Hadley of Chester; they have four chil- 
dren, Frank Hadley, Ernest W., Doris, 
and Preston F. Worked on farm until of 
age; principal Chester High School 1894- 
8 ; studied law in the office of E. L. Water- 
man and James L. Martin ; admitted to 
Vermont Bar 1899- Captain Co. I, Ver- 
mont National Guard 1903-6; colonel and 
inspector of rifle practice on staff of Gov- 
ernor Proctor 1906-8; retired with rank 
of colonel 19O8. Is a Republican; was 
member of Republican state committee, 
and of executive committee four years ; 
register probate district of Windsor 1897- 
8; deputy clerk U. S. courts 1899-1906; 
represented Brattleboro in the Legislature 
1906; senator from Windsor County 1908, 
being president pro tem. ; candidate for 




Republican nomination for lieutenant-gov- 
ernor 1910 ; judge of municipal court 
1906-IO; delegate to Republican national 
convention at Chicago, 1912. An Episco- 
palian; junior warden St. Michael's par- 
ish of Brattleboro. Member of Brattle- 
boro Lodge No. 102, F. & A. U., and 
Fort Dummer Chapter No. 12, R. A. M. ; 
Beauseant Commandery No. 7, K. T.; 
Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic Shrine; Wan- 
tastiquet Lodge Xo. 5, 1. O. O. F.; the 
Grange: Independent Order of Red Men; 
Modern Woodmen of America; and Ver- 
mont Wheel Club. 

GIFFIX, Albert J., Sheffield. Mer- 
chant. Born Hardwick, March 7, 1854; 
son of George and Ursula (Stevens) Gif- 
fin. Educated in the public schools of 
Sheffield. In 1877 married Jennie N. 
Folsom of Sheffield. Began business life 
as painter in a furniture store in Man- 
chester. X'. H.; after two years returned 
to Sheffield, and formed the firm of Fol- 
som «& Giffin; later built a large store and 
formed the firm of Giffin & Simpson, gen- 
eral merchandise; has been doing business 
in the same place 35 years; since 191O 
has conducted the business alone; post- 
master since 1885. Is a Republican; one 
of the library committee of Sheffield. A 
Methodist; musical director for 25 years. 
Member of Crescent Lodge Xo. 66, F. & 
A. M., of Lyndonville; and the Junior 
Order of American ^lechanics. 

GILBERT, Bernie B., Xorth Troy. 
Hotel keeper. Born Westfield, Xov. 14, 
1877; son of Charles S. and Mandana 
(Brown) Gilbert. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools. In 1900 married Louise 
Goade of Montgomery; they have one son, 
Charles Clayton. Worked as clerk in the 
store of H. D. Miller, Westfield, one year; 
in the Davol Rubber Co.'s factory, Provi- 
dence, R. I., one year; in Annis & Co.'s 
.store, Manchester, X. H., three years ; 
owned and operated stage line between 
Newport and Westfield four years; in the 
livery business in Barton one year, and 
at Xewport three years; in 1909 purchased 
the Frontier House Nortli Troy, which 
he has since conducted. Is a Republican. 
Member of Union Lodge No. l6, F. & 
A. M.. of Troy. 

GILBERT, Walter Angier, Brattle- 
boro. Associate editor. Born East Put- 

ney, Nov. 6, 1872; son of James M. and 
Helen Frances (Angier) Gilbert. Edu- 
cated at Brattleboro High School, class of 
I89I and its president. In 1895 married 
Helen Lena Cobb of Brattleboro; they 
have one son, Howard Cobb. From 1896 
to 1906 was reporter for the Vermont 
Phoenix, Brattleboro; 1 906-9 Brattleboro 
correspondent for several Vermont and 
Massachusetts daily papers; since 1909 
associate editor of the Vermont Phoenix. 
Is a Republican; member of the Brattle- 
boro Board of Trade; a Congregationalist ; 
member of Center Congregational Church 
and clerk of the Ecclesiastical Society of 
the same; has been identified with Brat- 
tleboro musical affairs. 

GILFILLAN, John Bachop, Minne- 
apolis, Minn. Lawyer and banker. Born 
Barnet, Feb. 11, 1835; son of Robert and 
Janet (Bachop) Gilfillan. Educated at 
Caledonia County Grammar School, and 
Peacham Academy. In 1870 married Re- 
becca C. Oliphant of Sylvan Mills, Fay- 
ette County, Pa., who died 1884; they had 
four children, Robert C, James O., John 
B, Jr., and Rebecca Janet. In 1893 mar- 
ried Lavinia Coppock of East Palestine, 
O. Admitted to Hennepin County Bar 
and Bar of state supreme court in I860, 
and later to Bar of U. S. circuit and su- 
preme courts. First lieutenant Co. E, 1st 
Minnesota Regiment, three months' vol- 
unteers; mustered in April 29, I86I, at 
Fort Snelling, Minn.; member law firm 
of Lochren, McMair & Gilfillan 1870-84; 
of Gilfillan, Belden & Willard 1884-95, 
and of Gilfillan, Willard & Willard 1895- 
19OO; director First National Bank of 
Minneapolis since 1 894 ; president of same 
19OO-3, and since that date chairman of 
its board of directors. Member of the 
board of regents of the University of Min- 
nesota 1880-88. A Republican; city at- 
torney 1 862-6 ; prosecuting attorney Hen- 
nepin County 1863-7 and 1871-5; mem- 
ber of state senate 1875-85; member of 
Congress 1885-7. A United Presbyterian; 
member of board of trustees Westminster 
Presbyterian Church, Minneapolis, since 
1873. Master of Cataract Lodge No. 2, 
F. & A. M., and a Royal Arch Mason. 

GILFILLAN, William Nelson, South 
Ryegate. Farmer. Born Brownington, 
Jan. 7, 1847; son of Andrew and Eliza- 
beth (Nelson) Gilfillan. Educated at pub- 




lie schools and Peacham Academy. In 
1877 married S. Elizabeth Henderson of 
Newbury; they had two children, Irving 
Henry and Baily H. (deceased). Taught 
school in Newbury and Ryegate ; was ship- 
ping, clerk at Springfield two years; and 
has for many years conducted farm in 
Ryegate; for many years secretary Rye- 
gate and Wells River Valley Dairymen's 
Association; and South Ryegate Creamery 
Association; library trustee 10 years; sec- 
retary of committee of 28 under whose su- 
pervision the history of Ryegate was pre- 
pared. Is a Republican; has been school 
director, lister, and selectman, and ceme- 
tery commissioner for 1 2 years ; repre- 
sented Ryegate in the Legislature 1902; 
delegate to county and state conventions, 
etc. In religious belief a United Presby- 
terian; elder and clerk of sessions. Mem- 
ber of Forest and Stream Club of Cale- 
donia County. 

GILLETT, Frank B., Jonesville. 
Grain dealer and telephone business. Born 
Richmond, 1850; son of Henry and Orpha 
Gillett. Educated in the public schools 
and Eastman Business College, Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. In 1876 married Anna 
Pelton ; they have two children, Henry 
P. and Minnie B. Reared on a farm, 
remaining until 22 years of age; U. S. 
mail service 1 872-7 ; later in a general 
store, and at present conducts a flour and 
feed store and private telephone business 
covering 1 1 towns in Chittenden and Ad- 
dison Counties. Is a Democrat; has held 
practically every office in the gift of the 
town; represented Richmond in the Leg- 
islature 191O; an Odd Fellow, and member 
of the Grand Lodge of Vermont. 

GILPIN, Wallace Harry, Barton. 
Editor. Born Westfield, Nov. I9, 1883; 
son of William Bullock and Harriet (Far- 
man) Gilpin. Educated in the public 
schools of Westfield, Barton Academy, and 
Montpelier Seminary. In I906 married 
Laura Inez Gay of Orleans ; they have 
two children, Ruth and Esther Harriet. 
In 1900 learned printer's trade; later pur- 
chased job printing office at Orleans; in 
1904' purchased the Orleans County Moni- 
tor and job printing office at Barton; in 
1909 took Franz A. Hunt into partner- 
sip in the job printing business under 
name of Monitor Press at Barton, and 
Vallev Print at Orleans : is sole owner 

and editor of the Monitor; in I906 organ- 
ized the Vermont Realty Co., real estate 
dealers. Barton ; this was consolidated with 
King & Nelson, real estate dealers, in 
19O8, and the King & Nelson Co., Incor- 
porated, was formed, with Mr. Gilpin 
treasurer; is secretary of the Barton Gran- 
ite Promoting Co., Barton. Is library 
trustee of town of Barton, and treasurer 
of library board. Is a member of the 
Barton Republican town committee and on 
the board of trustees of the Barton Acad- 
emy and graded school district. Member 
of Barton Congregational Church; dea- 
con; president of Orleans County Chris- 
tian Endeavor Union; and an officer in 
the state organization. Member of Malta 
Commandery No. 10, K. T., Newport; 
Keystone Chapter No. 16, R. A. M., Bar- 
ton, holding office in same ; Orleans Lodge 
No. 55, F. & A. M., Barton, in which he 
holds office; Crystal Lake Grange, Bar- 
ton ; Modern Woodmen of America ; sec- 
retary of Barton Development Associa- 
tion, and instrumental in its organization. 

GLEASON, J^RED Elijah, Montpelier. 
Lawyer. Born Montpelier, March 17, 
1883; son of Louis Pomeroy and Ann 
Louise (Timothy) Gleason. Educated at 
Williston Seminary, Easthampton, Mass. ; 
Yale College, A. B. 1905; and Harvard 
Law School. In 191I married Letitia 
Elizabeth Butcher of Cambridge, Mass. 
Studied law in the office of Hon. E. H. 
Deavitt; admitted to Vermont Bar 1909- 
A Republican; elected city grand juror of 
Montpelier in March, 1910; and re-elected 
in March, 1911; secretary and director 
Union Block Co., Montj^elier; secretary 
Montpelier Board of Trade since I9O8; 
member executive committee Vermont State 
Yale Association ; secretary Washington 
County Bar Association in 1910, and re- 
elected 1911- Senior warden Aurora Lodge 
No. 22, F. & A. M.. of Montpelier. An 
Episcopalian, secretary Christ Episcopal 

GLEASON, Herbert Carlisle, Mont- 
pelier. Merchant. Born Waitsfield. 
April 20, 1857; son of Richardson J. and 
]Mary L. (Matthews) Gleason. Educated 
at Waitsfield Graded School and Barrc 
Academy. In 1886 married Mary P. 
Timothy of Ransomville, X. Y. Became 
partner in the firm of L. P. Gleason & 
Co., dry goods, in 1884; afterwards of 




their successors, the iirm of L. P. & H. C. 
Gleason. for many years; since 1907 has 
owned and conducted the business under 
the name of Herbert C. Gleason; is a di- 
rector of Heaton Hospital. Is a Republi- 
can; was school commissioner for several 
vears. A Congregationalist. Member 
Aurora Lodge No. 22. F. & A. M. 

GLEASON. Joseph Thomas, Lyndon- 
ville. Lawyer. Born Lunenburg. June 18, 
1844; son of George and Sabrina W. 
(Thomas) Gleason. Both his great-grand- 
fathers served in the Revolutionary War, 
his maternal ancestor being a lieutenant 
in a New Hampshire regiment. Educated 
in public schools of Lunenburg. In 1884 
ma"rried Mary S. Aldrich of Concord; they 
have one daughter. Louise Mary (]Mrs. 
W. N. Humphrey) of Pasadena, Cal. In 
December, 1861. enlisted in Co. K, 8th 
Regiment Vermont Volunteers; rejected 
on account of his youth; in August, 1862, 
enlisted in Co. E. loth Regiment Vermont 
Volunteers, serving until discharged at ex- 
piration of enlistment ; in battle of Get- 
tysburg. Followed farming until 1874; 
studied law in office of J. P. Sanborn, 
Cabot, and W. W. Eaton, Concord; in 
187.T opened law office at Concord; ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1876; in law part- 
nership with O. F. Harvey at Concord, 
1 876-8 ; opened first law office at Lyndon- 
ville, where he has since resided. Direc- 
tor and vice-president Masonic Building 
Association ; clerk, treasurer and manager 
Lyndon Building Co.; director and vice- 
president National Bank of Lyndon ; trus- 
tee Lyndon Institute. A Republican ; 
chairman town committee 12 years; county 
committee four years ; moderator town, 
village and school meetings many years ; 
served as town clerk, treasurer, auditor, 
agent, etc.; assistant judge Caledonia 
County court ; jjenator from Caledonia 
County. A Congregationalist, and church 
trustee; member of Crescent Lodge No. 
66, F. & A. M.; Palestine Commandery, 
K. T. ; Caledonia Council, R. & S. M.; and 
Haswell Chapter, R. A. M., of St. Johns- 
bury. Has served two terms as grand 
patron of the Grand Chapter, O. E. S., 
of \'frinont; mem})er of Farnsworth Post, 
(t. A. R., of Lyndonville, of which he has 
Ixcn adjutant and commander. 

(i<)lS(r. f H\Hi,Ks Fhank, Wliitc Rivcr 
Junction. Hobl man. Horn Lowell, 

Mass., Dec. 31, 1848; son of Charles and 
Hannah (Russell) Going. Educated in 
public schools of Lowell. In 1877 mar- 
ried Catherine Sturtevant of New Bed- 
ford. Mass.; she died at Toronto, Can., 
1884; they had two children, Ella A. (de- 
ceased) and Russell S. In 1892 married 
Edith M. Whitcomb of Lowell, Mass.; 
they have two children, Gladys W. and 
Derby L. Proprietor, at different periods, 
American House, Lowell, Mass. ; Fort 
Point House, Stockton, Me. ; Nanepashe- 
met House, Marblehead Neck, Marble- 
head, Mass. ; Adelaide Street skating rink, 
Toronto, Can. ; manager Lakeview Park, 
Lowell. Mass.; clerk Junction House, 
White River Junction, since 1899. A Re- 
publican ; city messenger, Lowell, Mass., 
three years. An Episcopalian; charter 
member and one of the first board of di- 
rectors Vesper Boat Club, Lowell, Mass. 

GOODFELLOW, John Scoular, A1- 
burg Springs. Phj^sician and surgeon. 
Born Thedford, Ont., Feb. 4, 1863; son 
of Rev. Peter F. and Agnes (Martyn) 
Goodfellow. Educated in the public schools 
of Ontario; Bradford High School, Brad- 
ford, Ont.; Trinity University, Toronto, 
Ont., class of 1894; and member of Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons of On- 
tario 1896. In 1897 married Lillian Mary 
Smith of Bradford, Ont. Conducted 
Huntsville Hospital, and owned and con- 
ducted Sudbury Hospital, Ontario, 1894- 
6, when he sold the Sudbury Hospital and 
removed to Alburg, where he has practiced 
medicine to date ; medical examiner for 
many of the insurance companies. A Re- 
publican ; town clerk 1905-7; member of 
library committee for past five years. An 
attendant of the Presbyterian Church. 
Past master of Columbus Lodge No. 11, 
F. & A. M., of Alburg Center; and a past 
district deputy grand master; member of 
Hill Chapter No. 14, R. A. M.; Modern 
Woodmen of America ; and Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. 

GOODINE, Hknry W., South Rye- 
gate. Granite manufacturer. Born Upper 
Magaguadavic, N. B., Sept. 18, 1870; son 
of Simon and Mary (Henry) Cxoodine, 
Educated in the public schools in New 
Brunswick. In 1899 married Mary Crai- 
gic of South Ryegate. Went to St. Johns- 
hnry in 1887, where he was employed in 
tlw Fairbanks scale works five years; in 




1893 went to South Ryegate and learned 
the granite business; in 1898 bought the 
business, which he has enlarged so that 
now he has two granite sheds, also a 
quarry. Mr. Goodine is a Republican. 
Member of the Presbyterian Church. 
Member of Pulaski Lodge No. 58, F. & 
A. M., of Wells River. 

GOODRICH, John Ellsworth, Bur- 
lington. Educator. Born Hinsdale, Mass., 
Jan. 19, 1831; son of Elijah Hubbard 
and Mary Northrop (Washburn) Good- 
rich. Educated in the schools of Hins- 
dale, and University of Vermont, graduat- 
ing in the class of I8o3. In 1869 married 
Ellen Miranda Moody of Burlington; they 
had three children, of whom one son is 
living, Chauncey Marsh Goodrich (U. V. 
M. 1896). a civil engineer at Detroit, 
Mich. Was principal of academies at 
Hinsdale, Mass., 1853-4; Montpelier 1854- 
6; Meriden, N. H., 1870-1; graduate of 
Andover Theological Seminary 1 860 ; 
chaplain 1st Vermont Cavalry 1864«-5; su- 
perintendent city schools, Burlington, 
1868-70; professor of rhetoric and Eng- 
lish literature and Latin, University of 
Vermont, 1872-7; of Latin and Greek 
1877-81 ; of Latin I88I-I906; dean of aca- 
demic department 1902-6; professor emer- 
itus 1906 to date; librarian University of 
Vermont 1873-86; compiled and edited 
Vermont Revolutionary Rolls 1904-; vari- 
ous university publications ; associate edi- 
tor Chandler's Encyclopedia ; contributor 
to Britannica and other encyclopedias ; to 
"New England States," "History of Chit- 
tenden County," etc. Prof. Goodrich is 
a Republican; a Congregational clergy- 
man ; member of Grand Army of the Re- 
public; of Vermont Commandery of the 
Loyal Legion; Vermont Historical Soci- 
ety, etc. 

GORDON, John Warren, Barre. Law- 
yer. Born Vershire, Sept. I6, 1857; son 
of William and Mary Ann (Thurber) Gor- 
don. Educated in the public schools, Bur- 
lington High School, Barre Academy and 
Dartmouth College. In 1884 married 
Maud Laura Dunham of Barre ; they have 
five children, Lillian Ward, Paul Dunham, 
Philip Cummings, John Aubrey, and Nor- 
man Seaver. Teacher in the high schools 
of Milford and Worcester, Mass., 1883- 
1886; admitted to Vermont and U. S. Bars 
I89O; engaged in the granite business 

1886-92; has practiced law since 1890; 
law partner of S. Hollister Jackson 1900- 
2. Is a Republican; mayor of Barre city 
1 896-1900 ; represented Washington Coun- 
ty in the Senate I9IO; has been city at- 
torney; school commissioner; and is direc- 
tor of French Barre Library. Member of 
the Universalist Church, and the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. 

GORDON, Mathew M., Barre. Law- 
yer. Born East Clifton, P. Q., April 4, 
1870; son of William and Eliza (Hamil- 
ton) Gordon. Educated at Montpelier 
Seminary, class of 1896, and Syracuse 
University 1898. In I9OO married Nora 
A. Cutler of Bethel. In early life he 
worked upon the farm during the summer 
months, and in the logging woods during 
the winter; in 1890 worked in the quar- 
ries in Barre. Studied law and was ad- 
mitted to the Vermont Bar 1899, and lo- 
cated in Barre, where he has since prac- 
ticed his profession; has built up a large 
practice, especially as a criminal lawyer. 
Is a Republican. Member of Hiawatha 
Lodge, I. O. O. F.; past chief patriot of 
Minnehaha Encampment; member of Can- 
ton Vinton; Red Men; Royal Arcanum; 
New England Order of Protection; Clan 
Gordon; and Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. 

GORHAM, Henry George, Bellows 
Falls. Ph3\sician. Born Westminster West, 
Oct. 9, 1857; son of Freeman and Malina 
(Hitchcock) Gorham. Educated at West- 
minster public schools, Vermont Academy, 
University of New York, medical depart- 
ment, M. D. 1882. In 1897 married Mrs. 
Abbie (Veazey) Hitchcock of Bellows 
Falls. Practiced medicine in New York 
1882-4; Westminster West 1884-7; Al- 
stead, N. H., 1887-90; studied in New 
York and abroad 1890-1; in practice at 
Bellows Falls since 1892. Director Brat- 
tleboro Trust Co. ; member Vermont State 
Medical Society, president one year. A 
Republican ; senator from Windham Coun- 
ty 1 898 ; member second congressional dis- 
trict Republican committee for ten years ; 
secretary of state board of examiners of 
embalmers ; member of school board in 
Alstead and Westminster; bailiff and trus- 
tee of Bellows Falls village corporation 
five years. Deacon in the Congregational 
Church. ^lember King Solomon's Temple 
Lodge, F. & A. M. ; Abenaqui Chapter; 




Holy Cross Commandery; has been grand 
commander Knights Templar; member of 
yit. Sinai Temple. Mystic Shrine; Ver- 
mont Consistory; been grand patron of 
Order Eastern Star of Vermont ; and mem- 
ber of BeUows Falls Lodge, I. O. O. F. 

GOSS, Charles Herbert, St. Johns- 
bury. Merchant. Born South Wheelock, 
July '2P. ISdo; son of Horace C. and 
Celistia E. (Sanderson) Goss. Educated 
in the public schools of South Wheelock. 
In 1887 married Mary E. Fitzsimmons of 
Lowell; they have five children, Sadie 
Calista, Ethel Mae. Virginia Estelle, Clara 
Helen, and Henry Charles. Engaged in 
heating and plumbing business to date; 
established automobile garage in 1910. A 
Congregationalist. Member of Commer- 
cial Club of St. Johnsbury, Automobile 
Club of Vermont, and Forest and Stream 

GRANGER, William Smith, A. M., 
Providence, R. I. Insurance. Born Pitts- 
ford, Sept. 19, 1834; son of Chester and 
Mary Page (Smith) Granger; is lineally 
descended on his paternal side from Laun- 
celot Granger, the founder of Newbury, 
Mass. ; also William Aspinwall of the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony; Medad Pom- 
eroy, one of the original proprietors of 
Roxbury, and the Dudleys, Hoars, Sey- 
mours and Wells; on his maternal line 
from Rev. Peter Buckley, one of the 
founders of Concord, Mass. ; Rev. Ger- 
sham Buckley, D. D., surgeon in the Co- 
lonial Army; Rev. Charles Chauncey, sec- 
ond president of Harvard University; 
Captain John and Jonathan Prescott; and 
Rev. Henry Smith, the first settled cler- 
gyman of Weathersfield, Conn., 1639- Wil- 
liam .Smith Granger was educated in Sa- 
lem, N. Y., and ]\Lanchester, Vt., previous 
to entering Brown University, Providence, 
.September, 1850. In 1871 married Caro- 
line Richmond, daughter of the late Col. 
J. Talbot and Caroline (Richmond) Pit- 
man. They have two daughters, Mary 
Alice and Helen Richmond. Came to 
Providence 18t.9; employed in Augusta, 
Me., two years; returned to Pittsford, 
where he rf-rnainf-d until 1866; treasurer 
Cove Foundry & Machine Co., Providence, 
wliich was later succeeded by the Granger 
Foundry & Machine Co.; was president 
of this comi)any until it was merged with 
three othf-r ef)rj)orations in Providence 

under the name of the Textile Finishing 
and Machinery Co., manufacturers of ma- 
chines for bleaching, dyeing and finishing- 
cotton goods, also for finishing surface- 
coated and letter and ledger papers, in- 
vented and introduced a calender roll to 
supersede a paper roll for finishing pa- 
pers, which has revolutionized the fin- 
ishing of that class of goods; also in- 
vented a calender roll composed of a mix- 
ture of cotton and corn husks now in use 
in 150 print works bleacheries and cotton 
mills in this country and Europe. Presi- 
dent Narragansett Mutual Fire Insurance 
Co. since 1904. Was director in the Sec- 
ond National Bank until it merged with 
the United National Bank, where he 
served two years, resigning on account of 
ill health ; director American W^ ringer Co., 
Davol Mills, Franklin, Narragansett Mu- 
tual Fire Insurance Co., and several other 
corporations. Mr. Granger is a Repub- 
lican ; one of the founders and still a 
member of Otter Creek Lodge No. 70, F. 
& A. M., of Pittsford; Farmers Chapter, 
R. A. M., of Brandon; member Calvary 
Commandery No. 13, K. T., of Provi- 
dence; member of Society of Colonial 
Wars, Sons of American Revolution, 
Rhode Island Historical Society, Rhode 
Island School of Design; Hope, Squan- 
tum. University and Economic Clubs of 

GRATON, Claude Dewing, Burling- 
ton. Lawyer. Born Aug. 15, 1876; son of 
INIilo C. and Deborah (Shelby) Graton. 
Educated in the public schools; Eastman 
Business College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y. ; 
law department of the University of 
Maine, degree of LL. B.; and New York 
Law School. Admitted to Maine Bar 
1900, and to the Vermont Bar 1901; as- 
sisted in organizing Champlain Trust Co. 
of Winooski 1906; treasurer Chittenden 
County Bar Association 1907-1912; and 
president of the Bank Stock Co. Is a 
Democrat ; represented Burlington in the 
I>egislature 1906; member of the board of 
assessors of Burlington 1911-1914- An 
attendant of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. 
Member of Burlington I>odge No. 100, 
F. & A. M.; life member of the Fra- 
ternal Order of Eagles. 

GRAVES, Charles C, Waterbury. 
Insurance. Born Middlesex, Feb. 17, 

185.">; son of Rawson and Cornelia (Scrib- 




ner) Graves. Educated in the public 
schools. In 1876 married Ellen B. Dan- 
iels of Middlesex ; they have one daughter^ 
Etta F. Followed farming previous to 
1889, when he engaged in the general in- 
surance business^ which he has followed 
since. Is a Republican; was sheriff of 
Washington County 1898-1902; deputy 
sheriff 1892-8, and again from 1901< to 
date; deputy U. S. marshal since 1903; 
was lister and constable, Middlesex ; con- 
stable, Waterbury, 14 years, and collector 
of taxes 13 years; town treasurer since 
1907; village president 1907-8; director 
of Waterbury National Bank 1909, and 
vice president 1910. Is a Congregation- 
alist. Is past master Winooski I>odge 
No. 49, F. &. A. M.; past noble grand 
Mentor Lodge No. 51, I. O. O. F., and 
past district deputy grand master; past 
chief patriarch, Alhambra Encampment 
No. 20, I. O. O. ¥. ; president of Camel's 
Hump Club ; member of Waterbury Twen- 
ty-five Club ; Waterbury Board of Trade ; 
and secretary of Montpelier Board of Fire 

GRAVES, Collins Millard, Benning- 
ton. Lawyer and postmaster. Born Ben- 
nington, Nov. 7, 1871; son of William 
Russell and Flora (Millard) Graves. Ed- 
ucated at Bennington graded and high 
schools, and Brown University, B. A. 
1895. In 1897 married Florence Dewey 
Quackenbush of Hoosick, N. Y. ; they have 
four children, Cebra Quackenbush, Wil- 
liam Russell, George Millard, and Van 
Vechten Breese. Was real estate broker 
in New York City 1897-1900; admitted to 
Vermont Bar 1904; appointed by Presi- 
dent Roosevelt postmaster at Bennington 
February, 1906; reappointed by President 
Taft February, 19IO. A Republican; 
chairman town committee 1901-6; repre- 
sented Bennington in the Legislature 1904. 
In religious belief a Baptist. Member of 
Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity; Knights 
of Pythias ; Masons ; Foresters of Amer- 
ica; Benevolent and Protective Order of 
Elks; Bennington Club; and Mt. Anthony 
Country Club. 

GRAY, Jacob G., Sheffield. Farmer. 
Born Sheffield, May 27, 1841; son of Reu- 
ben and Annie (Miles) Gray. Educated 
in the public schools. In 1868 married 
Elvira W. Pearl of Sheffield; they had five 
children, Henry M. (deceased), Ralph C, 

Annie (Mrs. Randall), Susie (Mrs. 
Tripp), and Editli E. In early youth 
worked on farm, attending school during 
winter months. In I86I purchased a farm 
in Sheffield, which he sold when he en- 
listed ; was in the employ of General 
Chase of Lyndon about three years; en- 
gaged in farming at Haverhill, N. H., 
three years ; located near Topeka, Kan., 
for a short time; in 1878 purchased the 
Evans farm at Barton; in 1893 a smaller 
farm, where he remained eight years ; and 
later a residence in Evansville, Browning- 
ton, where he lived two years ; removed to 
Sheffield 1903. Enlisted August, 1862, in 
Co. K, 4th Vermont Volunteer Infantry; 
promoted to corporal; served until the 
close of the war; was wounded in the bat- 
tle of the Wilderness, being shot through 
the left wrist. Is a Republican; road com- 
missioner 1908-9; justice of the peace 
1909-10. In religious belief a Methodist. 
Member of the Grange, and Grand Army 
of the Republic. 

GREEN, Edwin, Canaan. Real estate 
and deputy sheriff. Born Warren, Nov. 
8, 1856; son of Charles and Eliza A. 
(Brooks) Green. Educated in the public 
schools of Canaan. In 19O8 married Cora 
V. Staples of Manchester, N. H. En- 
gaged in the lumber business with his 
father until 1877, when he opened a meat 
and grocery store in Holbrook, Mass., 
which he conducted four years; in 1881 
returned to Canaan and engaged in the 
lumber business until 1888, when he went 
into the general merchandise business ; 
since 1904 has been engaged in real estate. 
Is a Republican; represented Canaan in 
the Legislature 1896; appointed deputy 
sheriff April, I9II; has held various town 
offices. Attendant of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. Member of the order of 
Masons; Eastern Star; Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows; the Grange; Forest- 

GREEN, Gardner Leland, Randolph 
Center. Educator. Born Franklin, April 
22, 1883; son of Lucius Davis and Cora 
Bell (Chamberlin) Green. Graduate of 
Barton Academy, Latin scientific course, 
valedictorian class of 1902, and graduate 
from University of Vermont, agricultural 
department, with degree B. S., class of 
1906; was class poet. In 1907 married 
Flora Gertrude Humphrej' of Coventry; 




they have one son, Gardner Humphrey. 
Began teaching as vice-principal of Thet- 
ford Academy ; was principal Highgate 
High School one year; Franklin High 
School one year; and Richford High 
School two years; in ipiO elected princi- 
pal State School of Agriculture, Randolph 
Center. Delivered an address before mem- 
bers of the Conference of Agricultural 
Education, Amherst, Mass., ipiO, on "Co- 
Ordinations Between Garden Work, Na- 
ture Work, and Book Work," which has 
since been published; joint author Manual 
of Agriculture for the Public Schools of 
Vermont ; member of the committee who 
drafted the course of study in agriculture 
now in use for the secondary schools of 
Vermont. A member of the ^lethodist 
Episcopal Church. Member of Phi Beta 
Kappa, and Kappa Sigma college frater- 
nities, and the Knights of Pythias. 

GREENE. Ceylon L., Burlington. In- 
surance. Born Lincoln, July 23, 1860; 
son of John T. and Melissa (Bagley) 
Cireene. In 1885 married Katherine K. 
Kelton of Lincoln, who died in IQH ; they 
had one daughter. Marjorie. Was en- 
gaged in lumber business until 1896, when 
he became identified with the Mutual Life 
Insurance Co. of New York, and in IPOO 
was appointed supervising agent for the 
state of Vermont for said company. Is a 
Republican. Member of the Congrega- 
tional Church. Member of Wasliington 
Lodge No. 3. F. & A. M.; Burlington 
ChajJter. Royal Arch Masons, and Bur- 
lington Commandery, Knights Temjjlar, 
of Burlington; Cairo Temple, A. A. O. N. 
M. ,S. of Rutland; Green Mountain Lodge, 
I. O. O. F., of Burlington; Algonquin 
Club of Burlington; Lake Mansfield Trout 
Club of Stowe. and New England Fat 
Mens' Club of Boston. Mass. 

GREENE, Frank L. Representative 
in Congress. See ))age 78. 

C/RFEXE. RvvMONn Loiis, Brattle- 
boro. Automobile deahr. Born Brattle- 
boro, June 16, 188.5; son of Louis D. and 
Annie (.Si)encer) Greene. Educated in 
Bratthboro schools, and Eastman's Busi- 
ness College. In 1908 married Ellen May 
Hunt of Bratthboro. Employed in Peo- 
ple's National Bank 1901-6; Brattleboro 
Trust Co. 1906-8; in the automobile busi- 
ness since; manager of lirattldioro Ciarage 

two years. A Republican. A Congrega- 
tionalist. Member of Brattleboro Lodge, 
F. & A. M.; Vermont Wheel Club; Brat- 
tleboro Board of Trade, and Brattleboro 
Investment Club. 

GREENE, Samuel Harrison^ Wash- 
ington, D. C. Clergyman. Born Enos- 
burg, Dec. 25, 1845; son of Rev. Colum- 
bus and Martha D. (Webber) Greene. 
Educated at New Hampton Institution, 
Fairfax ; Brandon Seminary ; Norwich 
LTniversity; Colgate University, graduated 
1873; Hamilton Theological Seminary, 
graduated 1875; A. B., A. M., Colgate 
University; D. D., Rochester, Colgate and 
Howard, 1883; LL. D., Columbian and 
Howard Universities 1895. In 1866 mar- 
ried Miss Lucia A. Buzzell of Montgom- 
ery; they have one son, Samuel H. 
Greene, Jr., M. D., Washington, D. C. 
Ordained to Baptist ministry, Cazenovia, 
N. Y., June, 1875; pastor Cazenovia 
Church 1875-9; Calvary Baptist Church, 
Washington, D. C, 1879 to date; (mem- 
bership 1800, Sunday school 2600, church 
property $300,000, annual receipts $45,- 
000.) Trustee Columbian University 
I889-I91I; chairman board of trustees 
1899-1900; acting president 1894-5; 
1900-2; vice-president Northern Baptist 
convention 1897-8. Member Archaeolog- 
ical Institute of America, National Geo- 
graphic Society, Sons of American Rev- 
olution; Delta Upsilon Fraternity; Theta 
Sigma Clerical Club. Author of "The 
Twentieth Century Sunday School," a 
series of lectures delivered before the 
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary 
at Louisville, Ky., 1903. Residence, 1320 
Q Street, Washington, D. C. 

GRIFFITH, Edward, Manchester. 
Lawyer and judge of probate. Born East 
Dorset, Jan. 7, 1871; son of John Mar- 
cellus and Mary (Kelly) Griffith. Edu- 
cated in the public schools ; Burr and Bur- 
ton Seminary ; Dartmouth College, B. L. 
1893; New York Law School, LL. B. 
1896; admitted to New York Bar 1896, 
and Vermont Bar 1909; J^racticed law in 
New York City 1896-9; manager White- 
face Inn, Lake Placid, N. Y., 1899-1.902; 
assistant manager Astor House, New 
York, one year; manager Churchill Hall 
and the Rexmere Hotel, Stamford, N Y., 
three years; ])ro))rietor Marlboro Inn, 
Montclair, N. Y., two years; came to East 




Dorset 1908, and engaged in mercantile 
business with his father one year. A 
Republican; was first selectman of Dor- 
set one year; in IQIO elected judge of pro- 
bate for Manchester district, which posi- 
tion he now holds. Member of Phi Delta 
Theta fraternity, and Casque and Gaunt- 
let Senior Society of Dartmouth College. 

GRISWOLD, Solon S., Grand Isle. 
Farmer. Born Grand Isle, April 26, 1857; 
son of David E. and Mary Ann (Tobias) 
Griswold. Educated in the public schools 
of Grand Isle, and Montpelier Seminary. 
In 1877 married Clara Gordon, who died 
1908; in 1909 married Mina Hoag of 
Grand Isle. Engaged in business in a 
general store at Adams Landing 1873; 
built a store at Grand Isle Corners 1880. 
and engaged in general merchandise busi- 
ness 1880-4; has followed farming since 
1884; was in the ice business one year. 
A Republican; represented Grand Isle in 
the Legislature 1886; senator from Grand 
Isle County 1910; has held various town 
offices; justice of the peace 1896-1900; has 
been selectman, lister, and school commis- 
sioner. An attendant of the Methodist 
Church. Member and secretary of Ma- 
sonic fraternity; and member of Pomona 

GROSS, Otis J., Montpelier. Insur- 
ance. Born Richford, July 12, 1874; son 
of William and Rose (Sharon) Gross. 
Educated at Richford Academy, Montpel- 
ier Seminary, and Sauvier School of Lan- 
guages. In 1897 married Anna E. Wil- 
lard of Richford ; they have four children, 
Ira C, Frank K., Lena M., and Robert 
W. Taught school eight years ; railroad 
agent two years ; assistant secretary Ver- 
mont Mutual Fire Insurance Co. several 
years ; at present general manager Con- 
necticut General Life Insurance Co. In 
politics a Republican ; religious prefer- 
ence, Methodist; noble grand Vermont 
Lodge No. 2, Independent Order of Odd 

GROUT, Aaron Hinman, Newport. 
Lawyer. Born Rock Island, 111., Jan. 18. 
1879; son of .Tosiah and Harriet (Hin- 
man) Grout. Educated at Derby Acad- 
emy, graduating in class of 1 896, and L'ni- 
versity of Vermont, class of 1901. Ad- 
mitted to Vermont Bar 1904. In 1907 
married Edith Goddard Hart of Chelsea. 

Mass.; they have one daughter, Eleanor. 
Held position in law office of Young & 
Young, Newport, 1905-6; has since been 
in partnership with his father. Is a Re- 
publican; executive messenger 1896-8; 
executive clerk 1 906-8; secretary of civil 
and military affairs 1908-10; chairman of 
Republican county convention 1908; dele- 
gate state convention 1908 and 1910; 
president of Republican Club of Newport 
1908 and 1910. Served in Co. L, Ver- 
mont National Guard as private, corporal 
and sergeant 1895-7; captain and aide-de- 
camp on staff' of Gen. Julius J. Estey, 
brigade commander, 1895-1901; military 
secretary to the governor with rank of 
major 1908-10; and judge advocate with 
rank of major since 1910. In religious 
preference a Congregationalist. Member 
of Memphremagog Lodge No. 65, F. & 
A. M.; Cleveland Chapter No. 20; Orleans 
Council No. 19; ^lalta Comniandery No. 
10; Memphremagog Grange; Young Men's 
Improvement Club; ^Memphremagog Yacht 
Club; and Kappa Sigma Fraternity. 

GROUT, Charles H., West Town- 
shend. Merchant. Born May 26, 1869; 
son of Edwin Leroy and Charlotte (Fay) 
Grout. Educated at the public schools 
and Leland and Gray Seminary. In 1894 
married Flora ^larcia Eddy of Newfane; 
they had four children, Paul Harold, 
Gerald Edwin (deceased), Ethelyn Char- 
lotte, and Carl Richard Eddy (deceased). 
Mr. Grout taught several terms of school; 
in 1902 bought the general merchandise 
business of Barber Bros., which he has 
since conducted. Is a Republican; rep- 
resentative in the Legislature 1894 and 
1910. Is a trustee of Jamaica Savings 
Bank. Member of Sons of American 
Revolution; Patrons of Husbandry; and 
Independent Order of Good Tem))lars. 

GROUT, Don DeForest, Waterbury. 
Physician and surgeon. Born Morrisville, 
April 24, 1849; son of Major Luman M. 
and Pliilura J. (French) Grout. Major 
Luman M. Grout, born Elmore, 1823, is 
the last surviving veteran of the Mexican 
war who enlisted from Vermont ; he was 
major of the 8tli Vermont Regiment in 
the Civil war. 1861-5. Educated at Peo- 
ple's Academy, Morrisville, Dartmouth 
College, and University of Vermont, grad- 
uating in medicine 1872. In 1873 mar- 
ried Nettie A. Jones of Barre. who died 
in 1880; thev had two children, Inez L. 




and Luman M.; in 1881 married Angie 
Wilkins of Stowe; they had four children, 
Annie M.. Josie R., Benjamin Harrison, 
and Angie G. ; after the death of his sec- 
ond wife married, in 1892, Ida E. Morse 
of ^Yaterbury ; they have two sons, Don 
Jackson and Frank Morse. In 1872 was 
appointed assistant physician to Kings 
County Hospital, Brooklyn, N. Y., where 
he served one year: began private practice 
in Wolcott. where he was superintendent 
of schools 187^^; removed to Stowe, where 
lie was in general practice until he re- 
moved to Waterbury 1890; has been sur- 
geon Central Vermont railway since 1900; 
health officer Waterbury since 1899; was 
U. S. pension surgeon 1903 and 1905; 
former consulting surgeon Fanny Allen 
Hospital. Is a Republican; represented 
Stowe in the Legislature 1888; served on 
committee on insane; had charge of the 
bill in the House that made the present 
state hospital possible ; had charge of its 
construction, and brought the first 200 pa- 
tients to it from the Retreat at Brattle- 
boro ; trustee of village of Waterbury, and 
chairman of school board 1900-1903; 
chairman of Republican town committee 
for past 20 years; chairman State Tuber- 
culosis Commission 1902-5; delegate to 
Pan-American Tuberculosis Congress, Bal- 
timore, 1903; appointed superintendent 
and treasurer Vermont State Hospital for 
the insane Sept, 6, 1905, which position 
he now holds. Is past master Winooski 
Lodge No. 49, F. & A. M. ; member Water- 
bury ChajDter No. 24, R. A. M. ; member 
of Vermont State Medical Society; Bur- 
lington and Chittenden County Clinical 
Society; and American Medical Associa- 

GROUT, JosiAH. Governor 1896-98, 
See page 49. 

GROUT, William W, Representative 
in Congress. See page 76. 

HALE, Jerome F., Wells River. Hotel 
keeper. Born Corinth, Dec. 11, 1855; 
son of Henry and Betsey (Wilson) Hale. 
F-fhieated in the public schools of Corinth 
and Pliillips School, Boston. In 1882 
married Lillian J. Davenport of South 
Newbury; they have three children, Adine 
D., Cedric D., and Kathleen. The first 
I'A years of his life were passed on a 
farm; at 1 1 he piircliasfd a nrws and cigar 

stand at 27 Green street, Boston, Mass., 
continuing it nine years; and for 33 years 
has been engaged in the hotel business 
with a merited reputation which places 
him near the head of entertainers of the 
traveling public; has presided over Hale's 
Tavern at Wells River for 17 years with 
remarkable success, A Republican; in re- 
ligious preference a Congregationalist,* 
Member Pulaski Lodge, F, & A. M., Wells 
River; Mt. Lebanon R. A. Chapter of 
Bradford; Palestine Commandery, K. T., 
St. Johnsbury; Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic 
Shrine, Montpelier; past grand Richford 
Lodge, I. O. O. F. ; past chief patriarch 
of Trotter Encampment, Bradford ; and 
member of the Grand Lodge and Grand 
Encampment of Vermont. 

HALE, Oren H., Barre. Hotel keeper, 
general auctioneer. Born Waterford, Jan, 
19, 1848; son of Otis G, and Eunice P. 
(Hill) Hale. Educated in the public 
schools, St. Johnsbury Union School and 
Academy, and Methodist Seminary, New- 
bury, In 1872 married Mary A. East- 
brook of West Lebanon, N, H. Engaged 
in the dry and fancy goods business, St, 
Johnsbury, 1870-85; came to Barre 1885, 
and made 110 auction sales in 55 days, 
later going South; returned to Barre in 
1887; bought the Ella I. Lamb property 
and erected a business block thereon; in 
1900 built Hale's Pavilion and Hotel Otis, 
and conducts same, with auction rooms, at 
present time. Is a Republican; a Univer- 
salist. Member of Granite Lodge No. 35, 
F. & A. M., of Barre. 

HALEY, James S., Montpelier. Granite 
manufacturer. Born Frankfort, ]\Ie., July 
8, 1857; son of Patrick and Catherine 
(Council) Haley. Educated at Frank- 
fort, Me., public schools. In 1890 mar- 
ried Nellie J. Glinney of Montpelier. Has 
been one of the firm of Dillon & Haley, 
manufacturers of granite monuments, 
since 1892; is second vice president 
Granite Manufacturers' Association. Is 
a Democrat; was alderman 1902-6; mayor 
of Montpelier 1 906-8. Is a Roman Cath- 
olic. Past exalted ruler of the local lodge. 
Order of Elks; past grand knight Mont- 
pelier Council, Knights of Columbus; 
member of Montpelier Historical Society, 

HALL, Alfred A, Superior court 
judge. See page 90. 

A £.../ 




HALL, Arthur Crawshay Alliston, 
Burlington. Bishop of Vermont. Born 
Binfield, Berkshire, England, April 12, 
1847; son of INIaj. William Thomas and 
Louisa Astlev (Alliston) Hall. Christ 
Church, Oxfo'rd, B. A. 1869; M. A. 1872; 
Honorary D. D. 1893; University of Ver- 
mont LL. D. 1904; took orders in Church 
of England; licensed preacher in diocese 
of Oxford as member of Society of St. 
John the Evangelist (Cowley Fathers), 
1870-73 and 1891-93; assistant minister 
Church of the Advent, Boston, 1871-82; 
priest-in-charge of St. John the Evangel- 
ist, Boston, 1883-91; consecrated Bishop 
of Vermont, Feb. 2, 189-i. Author, Medi- 
tations on the Creed, 1876; Meditations 
on the Lord's Prayer, 1879; Self-Disci- 
pline, 1891; The Virgin Mother, 1894; 
Christ's Temptation and Ours, 1897; Con- 
firmation, 190O; The Use of Holy Scrip- 
ture in the Public Worship of the Church, 
1903; The Christian Doctrine of Prayer, 
1904; The Relations of Faith and Life, 
1905; The Work of the Holy Spirit, 1907; 
The Forgiveness of Sins, 1908; The Unity 
of the Christian Church, 1911; Charges, 
The Church's Discipline Concerning Mar- 
riage and Divorce, 1 896 ; Ecclesiastical 
Discipline, 1904; The Eucharist, 1907; 
The Apostolic Ministry, 191O, etc., etc. 

HALL, Bertrand Warner, Shoreham. 
Retired farmer. Born Bridport, Sept. 21, 
1863; son of George H. and Ellen (War- 
ner) Hall. Educated at Newton Academy, 
and Eastman Business College, Pough- 
keepsie, X. Y. In 1905 married Bessie 
Weeks Burleigh of Ticonderoga. Is a 
Republican ; represented Shoreham in the 
Legislature 1904; has been justice of the 
peace 10 years. In religious belief a Con- 
gregationalist. Member of Simonds Lodge 
No. 59, F. & A. M., of Shoreham. 

HALL, Edward J., Bennington. Col- 
lections and real estate. Born July 13, 
1866; son of John V. and Ellen E. "^(Ly- 
man) Hall. Educated at Bennington 
graded and high school; Phillips Acad- 
emy, Andover, and Columbia Law School, 
New York City. Was for many years in 
the fire insurance business under tlie name 
of John Hall & Son. Is a Republican; 
was county clerk Bennington County 1888- 
94 ; chairman of the Independent party 
state committee 19O6. A member of the 
Congregational Church. Member of Sons 

of the American Revolution; Bennington 
Battle Monument and Historical Society. 
Member of committee to raise funds for 
a memorial hall to the veterans of the 
war of 1861-5. 

HALL, George B., Roxbury. Town 
clerk and insurance agent. Born Rich- 
mond, June 24, 1844; son of Benjamin 
and Lovina Delight (Carroll) Hall. Edu- 
cated at public schools, Northfield High 
School, and Vermont Conference Semin- 
ary, Montpelier. In 1 877 married EveWn 
S. Pearson of Roxbury; they have one 
son. Homer Perl. Mr. Hall has taught 
in the public schools; been pension attor- 
ney; clerked in a general store; and con- 
ducted a small insurance business. En- 
listed in Co. I, 9th Vermont Infantry, 
1862; transferred to Co. B, 2nd Battalion, 
17th U. S. Infantry, 1863; re-enlisted in 
3rd Vermont Battery 1863; was dis- 
charged 1865 at close of the war; was in 
the battles of Harper's Ferry 1862, Chan- 
cellorsville 1863, Petersburg Mine 1864, 
and Petersburg, March and April, 1865. 
Is a Republican; a member of the Re- 
publican county committee; was justice of 
the peace 1878-88; has held the office of 
town clerk from 1903 to present time. In 
religious belief is a ^lethodist. Member 
of Mad River Lodge No. 77, F. & A. M.; 
King Solomon Chapter No. 7, R. A. M.; 
Montpelier Council No. 4. R. & S. M.; 
Mount Zion Commandery No. 9- K. T. ; 
Mount Sinai Temple, Mystic Shrine ; 
Gamaliel Washburn Lodge of Perfection, 
14 degrees; Mount Calvary Council, 
Princes of Jerusalem, I6 degrees; Delta 
Chapter of Rose Croix, 18 degrees; Ver- 
mont Consistory, A. A. S. R., 32 degrees; 
Northfield Lodge, No. 19, L O. O. F. ; 
past commander William H. Boynton post 
No. 94, G. A. R. ; ex-delegate to National 
Encampment, aide-de-camp to commander- 
in-chief, and junior vice commander De- 
partment of Vermont. 

HALL. Joseph Lixdlev, Burlington. 
Insurance. Born Monkton. April 28, 
1866; son of Rev. Joseph and Mary Hall. 
Educated at Burlington High School and 
University of Vermont. In 1892 married 
Cora Mott Child of Washington. D. C; 
they have four children. Clara Elizabeth, 
Helen Mott, David Brewer, and William 
]\Iott. Was with Spaulding & Kimball 
Co.. wholesale grocers, as clerk 1887-97, 
and has been general agent of the Con- 





necticut General Life Insurance Co. since 
1897. Is a Republican. A Methodist, 
one of the board of stewards of the First 
Methodist Church. Burlington. A mem- 
ber of Washington Lodge. No. 3, F. & 
A. M.; Hamilton Lodge No. 14, I. O. 
O. F. ; and the Ethan .\llen Club. 

HALL. Willis Palmer, Burlington. 
Druggist. Born Summerville, St. Law- 
rence County. N. Y., Feb. 5, 1857; son 
of Charles W. and Lucinda (Palmer) 
Hall. Educated at Hermon, N. Y., High 
School. In 1889 married Cora A. Folsom 
of Canton, N. Y. Began the study of 
pharmacy at the age of l6 with Dr. E. G. 
Seymour, at Hermon, N. Y., where he re- 
mained four years; was with L. F. Bach- 
man. Carthage, N. Y-., two years, at Gou- 
verneur, N. Y., four years, and with Hig- 
gins. Greene & Hyde of Rutland, four 
years; in 1888 moved to Burlingion; was 
with W. E. Greene until 1892, when in 
company with W. A. Lyman he opened 
the Crystal Pharmacy, continuing until 
1896, since which time has conducted the 
business alone. Is a Republican. ]\Iem- 
ber of Ethan Allen Club; Burlington 
Lodge No. 100, F. & A. M.; Benevolent 
and Protective Order of Elks; Eagles; 
Champlain Lodge No. 7, Knights of Pj^th- 
ias; and Knights of the Maccabees. 

HALLOCK, George H., Huntington. 
Farmer. Born Starksboro, Feb. 24, 1848; 
son of Ira and Eliza (Swain) Hallock. 
Educated in the jiublic schools. In 1873 
married Lucy C. Sweet of Huntington. 
Began life as a farmer, living in Starks- 
boro until the age of 26, when he moved to 
Huntington, where he has. since resided 
and engaged in farming. Is a Republican; 
represented Huntington in the Legislature 
1908; on the committees on insane and 
state and court expenses ; has been sur- 
veyor, lister, selectman, and overseer of 
the poor. By religious preference a Free- 
will Baptist. 

HAM. Ernest Giv, Randolph. Edu- 
cator. Born .Strafford, N. H., .Tune 19, 
1870; son of Edward Bartlett and Ara- 
mantha Ellen Ham. Educated at Parson- 
field Seminary, North Parsonfield, Me., 
graduated 1889; Dartmouth College, A. B. 
1894; Harvard University; and L'niver- 
.sity of Chicago. \. M. i907. In 1895 

married Annie Lula Pease of South Par- 
sonfield, Me. ; they have one daughter, 
Esther Louise. Teacher one year in un- 
graded schools; 1894-5 teacher of Greek 
and Latin, Collegiate School, New York 
City; 1895-6 principal Franklin, N. H., 
High School; 1896-8 post graduate stu- 
dent Harvard University, and instructor 
in Latin at Dartmouth College; 1898-1900 
principal Vergennes High School; 1900-1 
principal Montpelier High School; 1901-4 
superintendent Montpelier and principal 
Montpelier High School; 1904 to date 
principal Randolph High School; student 
L^niversity of Chicago summer sessions 
1905-7. Secretary Vermont State Teach- 
ers' Association, 1900-7; executive com- 
mittee same, 1908-9; president same, 1910. 
Principal Ham is independent in politics. 
Is a Congregationalist ; superintendent 
Sunday school of Bethany Church. Mem- 
ber Alpha Delta Phi fraternity; Dorches- 
ter Lodge No. 1, F. & A. M., of Vergennes. 

HAMBLIN, Ira Lucius, Cornwall. 
Farmer and Merino sheep breeder. 
Born Cornwall, November 24, 1854; son 
of Joseph B. and Susan W. (Good- 
rich) Hamblin. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Cornwall, and Vergennes 
and Middlebury high schools. In 1876 
married Julia M. Cross of Bridport; 
they have two daughters, Gladys Ella 
and Sylvia Bacon. In 1876 became asso- 
ciated with his father in farming and 
Merino sheep breeding, selling their prod- 
ucts in South Africa, South America, and 
Australia ; is at present engaged in the 
sheep industry; has been one of Vermont's 
most prominent Merino sheep breeders ; 
holds 2nd prize at Chicago world's fair, 
the only Vermonter who received a prize 
on both sheep and wool. Is a Republican; 
lias held nearly all the town offices; town 
moderator for many years ; represented 
Cornwall in the Legislature I9O6. A Con- 
gregationalist; trustee for many years, and 
superintendent of the Sunday school. 
Member of the Grange; ex-president of 
Vermont Sheep Breeders' Association; at 
present member of combined Vermont, 
New York, and Ohio Sheep Breeders' As- 

HAMBLIN, James Richard, Granville. 
Homeopathic physician. Born Elbridge, 
N. Y., March I6, 1844; son of Rev. Lem- 
uel W. and Jennette E. (Clemmons) Ham- 




blin. Educated in the public schools, and 
attended lectures in Geneva (N. Y.) ]Med- 
ical College. In 1873 married Mary J. 
LaFrancies of Ripton ; they had three sons, 
Lemuel N. (deceased), George E., and 
James R. (deceased). Enlisted at the 
age of 17 as private in Co. B, 50th N. Y. 
Volunteer Engineers, July 10, 186l; was 
corporal of the company when discharged 
June 20, 1865; was in 23 engagements. 
Is a Republican. In religious belief a 
Presbyterian. A member of the G. A. R. 

HAMILTON, Edgar Gordon, Burling- 
ton. Manufacturer. Born Yarmouth, Me., 
March 23, 1865; son of Wendell M. and 
Hannah H. Hamilton. Educated at Yar- 
mouth (Me.) Academy. In 1890 married 
Ruey J. Pittsley of East Freetown, Mass., 
who died in 1901 ; they had three children, 
Ethel Mae, Roy Gordon, and Gladys Vio- 
la. Rolling pasteboard, night work, 1 877- 
81; at the age of l6 entered employ of 
Old Colony Railroad, first in foundry 
breaking pig iron at $3 per week, and 
following on through the various depart- 
ments until the machinist's trade was 
learned in all its branches of locomotive 
building; then going on road for nine 
years as locomotive engineer. Came to 
Vermont 1902; assisted in installing en- 
gines in the steamer • Vermont ; construc- 
tion manager Yale Wonder Clock Co.. Bur- 
lington. 1904-6; formed National Paper 
Box and Tube Co., Burlington, and its 
general manager since its organization 
Aug. 13, 1908. A Republican; a Meth- 
odist ; trustee of church two years ; past 
grand Hamilton Lodge No. 14, I. O. O. 
F.; past captain Patriarchs Militant; 
member Champlain Lodge No. 7, Knights 
of Pythias ; the Order of Maccabees, and 
New England Order of Protection. 

HAMILTON, Fremont, Brattleboro. 
Physician and surgeon. Born Brandon, 
Oct. 10, 1857; son of Henry Warren and 
Eliza (Graves) Hamilton. Educated at 
Brandon graded school; Middlebury Col- 
lege, A. B. 1878; University of Vermont 
Medical College; and New York Homeo- 
pathic Medical College, class of 1882. In 
1884 married Carrie Lizzie Buttolph of 
Middlebur}'; they have one son. John 
Warren, a student at Bowdoin College. 
Has practiced medicine in several places, 
for the last 18 years at Brattleboro. Is 
president of Vermont Homeopathic Soci- 

ety, and member of Vermont State Medi- 
cal Society. Independent in politics. Mem- 
ber of Brattleboro Lodge No. 102, F. & 
A. M.; Knights Templar, and the Grange. 

HAMILTON, James M., Rutland. Phy- 
sician and surgeon. Born Richford, June 
19, 1868; son of Dr. Jamin H. and Ellen 
M. (Goff) Hamilton. Educated at Rich- 
ford and St. Albans High Schools, aca- 
demic and medical departments of Uni- 
versity of Vermont, and College of Phy- 
sicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, Md. In 
1893 married Effie Ruth Mills of Rich- 
ford ; they have one daughter, Ramona 
Hamilton. Member of attending staff of 
Rutland Hospital; consulting staff of 
Proctor Hospital, and district surgeon for 
Rutland Railroad. Captain and assistant 
surgeon, and later major and surgeon of 
1st Infantry Vermont Volunteers in war 
with Spain; assistant surgeon 1st Infantry 
Vermont National Guard before Spanish 
War. A Republican. Member of Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church. Member of Rut- 
land Medical and Surgical Reporting 
Club; ex-president Rutland County Medi- 
cal and Surgical Society; member of Ver- 
mont State Medical Society; American 
Medical Association; New York and New 
England Association of Railway Surgeons, 
and fellow of American Academy of Medi- 

HAMMOND, Fred Burton, No. Troy. 
]Merchant and postmaster. Born Derby, 
Oct. 12, 1859; son of Oscar and Martha 
(Cole) Hammond. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Derby and Newport. In 
1884 married Frances M. Chandler of 
North Troy; they have three children, 
Arline More, Rachel Frances, and Cath- 
erine Martha. Served clerkship with Bos- 
ton Clothing Co., North Troy; its man- 
ager 1881-4; bought half interest in Hi- 
ram K. Stewart's store in Troy 1884, dis- 
solving partnership 1885; erected new 
store in Troy, conducting same until 1901, 
then selling to W. D. Miller and return- 
ing to North Troy, where he is now in 
business. Is a Republican; town clerk 
1 893-1911; town school director nine 
years ; director North Troy High School ; 
represented Troy as a Democrat in Leg- 
islature 1891-2; appointed postmaster 
Troy by President Cleveland in 1885, and 
again in Cleveland's second term ; ap- 
pointed postmaster for the third time b\' 




President Taft in 1911- Is a Congrega- 
tionalist. and church chorister. Past mas- 
ter Masonic Union Lodge No. l6, F. & 
A. M.; member Cleveland Chapter No. 
-20, E. A. M.; Malta Commandery No. 10, 
K. T.. of Newport; Mt. Sinai Temple, 
Mystic Shrine; deputy grand master 10th 
masonic district 1890-91; also member of 
Knights of Pythias. 

HANNON. Thomas, Bennington. Su- 
perintendent of Vermont Soldiers' Home. 
Born Danville, Nov. 17, IS^S; son of 
James and Mary (Hayes) Hannon. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of Guilford. 
In 1869 married Ellen M. Weatherhead 
of Guilford; they have two children, Ben- 
jamin J. and Martha G. (Mrs. Edward 
Whitney). Went to Brattleboro in 1870, 
and was in the employ of the Estey Organ 
Co. as foreman of one of the departments 
for 31 years. Aug. 1, 1901, elected by 
the board of trustees, Vermont Soldiers' 
Home, general superintendent of that in- 
stitution, which position he now holds. In 
1861 joined a volunteer company in Guil- 
ford; enlisted in Co. K, 9th Vermont Regi- 
ment, June, 1862; mustered out June, 
1865, as orderly sergeant; participated in 
all the battles the regiment was in ; served 
as second and first lieutenant; in 1874 
the Fuller Light Battery was organized, 
of which he was one of the original mem- 
bers ; commissioned by Gov. Levi K. Ful- 
ler Dec. 7, 1892, as lieutenant-colonel of 
the first brigade, V. N. G., with rank of 
assistant quartermaster-general, which po- 
sition he held until the brigade was dis- 
banded b}' special act of the state Legis- 
lature December, 1900. Is a Republican; 
bailiff of the village of Brattleboro; also 
constable of the town for a number of 
years. Member of the Universalist Church, 
Brattleboro; trustee of the church for a 
number of years. Member of Mt. An- 
thony Lodge No. 13, F. & A. M.; Fort 
Dummer Chapter No. 12, R. A. M. ; Beau- 
seant Commandery No. 7, K. T. ; Cairo 
Temple; Wantastiquet Lodge No. 5, I. O. 
O. F.; the Bennington Club; G. A. Custer 
6th Corps Post, G. A. R. ; has held the 
position of assistant quartermaster-general 
and senior vice-commander of the depart- 
ment of Vermont, G. A. R. 

HAXSCOM, Willis G., Sheffield. Gen- 
eral auctioneer. Born Barnston, P. Q., 
March 3, 1847; son of Elias Bean and 

Rosella (Danforth) Hanscom. Educated 
in the public schools of Sheffield and 
Wheelock. In 1866 married Eliza A. Bar- 
ber of Wheelock; they had five children, 
Ida M. (deceased), Nellie E. (deceased), 
George R., Beulah E. (Mrs. Roberts), and 
Homer H. After the close of the war 
engaged in farming for 33 years; in 1875 
began a successful career as an auctioneer; 
in 1898 sold his farm and removed to 
Sheffield village; is local manager of the 
Greensboro & Glover Telephone Co. En- 
listed June 24, 1864, at the age of 17, 
in the 11th Regiment Vermont Volun- 
teers; was in the Shenandoah Valley cam- 
paign, in the battles of Fisher's Hill, 
Cedar Creek, and many other engage- 
ments; was in the armv until the close of 
the war. Is a Republican. Member of 
the Methodist Church; was steward for 
20 years; superintendent of the Sunday 
school 1895-9. Member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic ; commander for 
several years. 

HARMAN, Henry A., Rutland. Law- 
yer and county clerk. Born Pawlet, May 
6, 1845; son of George Washington and 
Laura Ann (Penfield) Harman. Edu- 
cated at Bennington public schools ; Burr 
and Burton Seminary; Schenectady Union 
School; Williams GoUege, A. B. 1867; 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology; 
and Harvard University, LL. B. 1871. In 
1876 married Ellen Melissa Bromley of 
Castleton, who died in 1 893 ; they had six 
children, Laura L., Paul Bromley, Walter 
Penfield, F. L. Stetson, Richard Jerome, 
and George Nathaniel; in 1896 married 
Jean Florence Woodward of Lowell, 
Mass. ; admitted to Massachusetts Bar 
1871 ; to Vermont Bar the same year; has 
since practiced law in Bennington and 
Rutland; is county clerk of Rutland Coun- 
ty. Is a Republican. A Congregational- 
ist, being a deacon in the Congregational 
Church, Rutland. 

HARRINGTON, John Andrew, Ver- 
gennes. Hardware merchant. Born Wey- 
bridge, Oct. 5, 186l; son of George L. 
and Emma E. (Washburne) Harrington, 
Educated in the public schools. In 1892 
married Anna M. Botsford of Vergennes; 
she died there in 1912; they had two 
children, Ruth Botsford and Robert Earl. 
Was clerk for Earns worth & Co., hard- 
ware dealers, Middlebury, 1882-3; in 1883 




entered the employ' of C. A. Booth & Son, 
hardware dealers, Vergennes; in 1892 
purchased a third interest in the business, 
the firm name becoming C. A. Booth, Son 
& Co.; purchased part interest in share of 
C. A. Booth at his death in 1897; and 
in 1908 bought out the entire business, 
wliich he now conducts under the name 
of J. A. Harrington & Co. Is a Repub- 
lican; was city treasurer from 1898 to 
1911, 13 years, when he declined a re- 
appointment; chairman of the board of 
license commissioners for the past three 
years ; has been delegate to different Re- 
publican conventions ; an alderman in the 
city of Vergennes ; was secretary of the 
Vergennes Lake Champlain Tercentenary 
organization; is secretary of the Ver- 
gennes Board of Trade ; and one of the 
trustees of the Bixby Memorial Free Li- 
brary. Member of St. Paul's Protestant 
Episcopal Church, and has been a mem- 
ber of the vestry for several years. Is a 
past master of Dorchester Lodge No. 1, 
the oldest Masonic lodge in the state, char- 
tered in 1791 ; past high priest of Jeru- 
salem Chapter No. 2, R. A. M., the oldest 
chapter of Royal Arch Masons in the 
state; and past thrice illustrious master 
of Vergennes Council No. 2, R. & S. M., 
which is also the oldest council of Royal 
and Select Masters in Vermont ; is a mem- 
ber of Mt. Calvary Commandery No. 1, 
K. T. ; Mt. Sinai Temple, A. A. O. N. 
M. S. ; and a 32 degree Scottish Rite Ma- 

HARRIS, Emory S., Bennington. In- 
surance. Born Hoosick, N. Y., March 24?, 
1858; son of E. Stearns and Elizabeth 
B. (Rudd) Harris. Educated North Ben- 
nington High School, and Troy Business 
College. In 1881 married Addie M. War- 
ren of Bennington. Has engaged in farm- 
ing, undertaking, and furniture business ; 
as cigar manufacturer, and insurance 
agent. A Democrat; selectman for five 
years ; president of Bennington village ; 
U. S. marshal of Vermont 1894-8; repre- 
sented Bennington in the Legislature 
1898; chairman Democratic state commit- 
tee for many years. Member Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, and Benevolent 
Protective Order of Elks; secretary of 
Bennington Board of Trade, and the Ben- 
nington County Fish and Game Club. 

HARRIS, John Edward, Danville. 
Journalist. Born Cabot, July 27, 1858; 
son of Erasmus B. and Caroline (Brown) 
Harris. Educated at common schools and 
academy. Three times married: to Carrie 
Brown, of Burlington; Addie Soule, of 
Portland, Me. ; Eva Cobb, of Atlanta, Ga. 
There were three children by first wife, 
of whom only one is now living, Mrs. 
Frances Pache of Danville; one child by 
present wife, John Carroll Harris, born 
ill Washington, D. C, Jan. 12, 19IO. Eva 
Cobb Harris is a daughter of Richard V. 
Cobb of Atlanta, Ga., late a colonel in 
the Confederate service, and on her moth- 
er's side is a great-great niece of Bettie 
Lewis, only sister of George Washington. 
The subject of this sketch read law and 
was admitted to the county and supreme 
court bars of Vermont in September, 1 879. 
at Montpelier; practiced for two years at 
Danville; purchased the weekly Index, 
now the Republican, at St. Johnsbury; 
since then and up to present time has 
been constantly connected with various 
Vermont newspapers ; founded the Gazette 
at Hardwick, and the Messenger at Mor- 
risville, and has been connected with vari- 
ous others. Was legislative editor of the 
^Montpelier Daily Journal for several ses- 
sions ; is W^ashington correspondent for 
several Vermont daily and weekly papers 
during the sessions of Congress, and has 
been for ten years ; at i^resent member of 
the editorial staff of the Worcester (Mass.) 
Evening Post. A Republican; secretary 
to the late United States Senator Jona- 
than Ross during his term of office; is 
now, and has been for 15 years, an em- 
ployee of the United States Senate. Dur- 
ing the summer of I9IO traveled through 
Europe from Constantinople to Paris as 
special inspector of immigration under au- 
thority of the American Immigration Com- 
mission. Member of American and Euro- 
pean sections of the Theosophical Soci- 
ety, and an Odd- Fellow. 

HARRIS, Lucius L., Stowe. Farming 
and insurance. Born Elmore, Aug. 26, 
I860; son of George A. and Catherine R. 
Harris. Educated at Stowe graded schools. 
In 1886 married Annie L. Wilkins of 
Stowe; they have two daughters, Angie 
and Dorothy. A Republican; represented 
Stowe in the Legislature I9O6; lister for 




10 years; scliool director four years; has 
been overseer of the poor since 1899- A 
Unitarian. Member of the Modern Wood- 
men of America. 

HARRIS, William James, Nashua, N. 
H. Retired clergyman. Born West Brat- 
tleboro. May 21, 1834; son of Rev. Ros- 
well and Matilda (Leavett) Harris. Edu- 
cated at Brattleboro Academy, and Yale 
College; honorary degree of D. D. from 
Trinity College, " Hartford, Conn., 1872. 
In 1859 married Mary Gale Hill of St. 
Stephen. X. B.; they had two children, 
Emma (Mrs. Wm. M. Hall, Montreal), 
and William Leavett, LL. B. (deceased). 
Taught district and select schools in Ver- 
mont, boarding school in New Haven, 
Conn., and academies at St. Stephen, N. 
B.. and Monson, Mass.; president school 
board, Rutland, three years; officiated as 
Congregational minister eight and one- 
half years, 1856-65, his last parishes be- 
ing at Saxtons River and Brandon. He 
then entered the Protestant Episcopal 
Church, and was confirmed and ordained 
bv Bishop Eastburn in Emanuel Church, 
Boston. Has served parishes in Philadel- 
phia, Boston, Waltham, and Hyde Park, 
Mass.; Manchester, N. H.; White River 
Junction, Barre, Montpelier, and Rutland, 
Vt. ; Detroit, Mich.; Yankton and Sioux 
Falls. S. D. He has held every diocesan 
office in the gift of the church except that 
of bishop. For thirteen and one-half years 
edited and published from Rutland a 
church paper under the name of "The 
Mountain Echo"; also published "The 
Bible and the Church," and "Nain," a ser- 
mon in metre, which have been widely cir- 
culated in pamphlet form. A Knights 
Templar, a 32 degree Mason, and mem- 
ber of the Eastern Star. Former member 
Vermont Association of Boston, at pres- 
ent member Vermont Association of Nash- 
ua. At his 73rd birthday anniversary 
was obliged by failing eyesight to retire 
from all active work, and since the spring 
of 1911 has been totally blind. 

HARTXESS, James, Springfield. Man- 
ufacturer. Born Schenectady, N. Y., 
Sept. 3, I86I ; son of John W. and Ursilla 
(Jackson) Hartness. Educated at pub- 
lic schools, Cleveland. O.. honorary de- 
gree of M. E. 1910. University of Ver- 
mont. In 1885 married Uena S. l*ond of 
Winsted, Conn.; they have two daughters, 

Anna J. and Helen E. Is president of 
the Jones & Lamson Machine Co., and of 
the Bryant Chucking Grinder Co. Life 
member of American Society of Mechani- 
cal Engineers ; member of Council of 
American Society of Mechanical Engineers 
1909-12; life member of Institution 
of Mechanical Engineers (British) ; fel- 
low of American Society for the Ad- 
vancement of Science; member of Ameri- 
can Institution for Scientific Research. 
Inventor of astronomical apparatus, metal 
working machines, etc. ; has taken out 
73 American patents. Author of "Ma- 
chine Building for Profit." A mem- 
ber of Engineers' Club; Transportation 
Club; Machinery Club of New York; 
New York Railway Club; New Bedford 
Yacht Club; and Boston Chamber of Com- 

HARTY, Patrick, Saxtons River. 
Wool business. Born Cork, Ireland, Dec. 
22, 1846; son of Cornelius and Margaret 
(Savage) Harty. Educated in Irish 
schools. In 1866 married Bridget Mc- 
X'amarra of Walpole, X'. H. ; they had 
five children, John (deceased), Mary 
(Mrs. Francis Reynolds), Michael P., Ed- 
ward C, and Patrick H. In 1866 em- 
ployed by L. C. Hubbard in wool pulling; 
later with Barry & Scofield; and still later 
started a similar business for John Glavin 
at Albany, N. Y. ; in 1894 started in wool 
pulling business for himself. At present 
associated with his son, Patrick H. Harty, 
in M'ool and live stock business. A Demo- 
crat; a prominent member of St. Charles' 
Roman Catholic Church. Edward C. Har- 
ty was with the firm until three years ago; 
now a buyer for S. A. Maxfield Wool Pul- 
ling Co., Bangor, Me. 

HARVEY, Erwin Maurice, Montpel- 
ier. Lawyer. Born Topsham, Oct. 12, 
1871; son of R. M. and Cora (Bill) Har- 
vey. Educated at Montpelier Seminary 
and University of Vermont. In 1902 
married Clara A. Mayo of Colchester ; they 
have one daughter, Dorothy Mayo. Ad- 
mitted to the Vermont Bar 1899; clerk 
of Vermont Board of Railroad Commis- 
sioners 1900-2; judge of Montpelier city 
court since 1904. Is a Republican. In 
religious belief a Congregationalist. 

HARVEY, George, Xew York, N. Y. 
Editor and publisher. Born Peacham, 







Vt., P'eb. 16, 1864; son of Duncan and 
Margaret S. (Varnum) Harvey. Edu- 
cated at Peacham Academy; honorary de- 
gree LL. D. Erskine College IQOi, Uni- 
versity of Nevada 1907, University of 
Vermont, 1911. In 1887 married Alma 
A. Parker of Peacham; they have one 
daughter, Dorothy. Was consecutively 
reporter Springfield Republican, Chicago 
News, and New York AVorld; managing 
editor New York World ; insurance com- 
missioner New Jersey 1888; colonel and 
aide-de-camp to Governors Green and Ab- 
bett, New Jersey; and honorary colonel 
under Governors Hayward and Ansel, 
South Carolina; constructor and president 
various electric railroads ; editor Harper's 
Weekly many years; bought North Ameri- 
can Review 1899; president Harper & 
Bros. 1900. Is an Independent Demo- 
crat; an Episcopalian. Residence, Deal, 
N. J.; office, Franklin Square, New York 

HARVEY, RoNEY M., Montpelier. 
Lawyer. Born Topsham, May 20, 184'3; 
son of John and Margaret (Hight) Har- 
vey. Educated in the public schools, 
Newbury Seminary, Peacham Academy, 
and select schools at Topsham. In 1870 
married Cora I. Bill; they had three chil- 
dren, Erwin M., Laila J. (deceased), and 
John N. Resided in Topsham until 1896; 
since then in Montpelier; has practiced 
law since 1878. Is a Republican; rep- 
resented Topsham in the Legislature 1880 
and 1886; represented Orange County in 
Senate in 1890; was states attorney 1878; 
held various town offices ; was state super- 
visor of insane 1880 to 1882. 

HASELTINE, Erwin Amos, Bristol. 
Farmer, judge of probate. Born Bristol, 
April 30, 1838; son of Amos E. and Lu- 
cinda (Brooks) Haseltine. Educated at 
Bristol Academy, and Middlebury College, 
A. B. 1862. In 1863 married Helen L. 
Parch of Bristol, who died 1872; they 
had one child, George L. ; in 1877 married 
Jennie C. Searles of Berkshire, who died 
1888; they had two children, Howard S. 
and Hermon E.; in 1897 married Lottie 
A. Sheldon of Bristol; they have no chil- 
dren. Engaged in farming previous to 
1 900. Is a Republican ; represented Bris- 
tol in the Legislature 1884; judge of pro- 
bate since 1900. A deacon in the Congre- 
gational Church; past master Libanus 

Lodge No. 47, F. & A. M., of Bristol; 
past high priest Gifford Chapter, R. A. 
M. ; member Mt. Calvary Commandery, 
K. T. ; and of Bristol Grange. 

HASELTON, Seneca. Superior court 
judge. See page 89. 

HASKINS, Augustus Smith, St. 
Joluisbury. Optometrist. Born Wilsey- 
ville. N. Y., June 9, 1872; son of Har- 
rison David and Nancy L. Haskins. Ed- 
ucated at public schools of Ithaca, N. Y. ; 
one year special preparation for profes- 
sion at Cornell; 1889-90 took optometrical 
training in Philadelphia and Chicago. Be- 
gan optical and jewelry business with 
Geo. E. Sherwood, Waterloo, N. Y., in 
1891; graduated from Kansas Optometri- 
cal College in June, 1896. July 27, 1897, 
married Alice C. Reed of Booneville, N. 
Y. ; they have four children, Marion Har- 
rison, ]\Iirdred Reed, Alice Carrie, and 
Harlon David. May, 1898, took charge 
of the optometrical department for Wheel- 
house Co., Utica, N. Y. ; in I9OO went to 
St. Johnsbury and purchased jewelry and 
optical business of H. A. Belknap estate, 
continuing until 1904, selling jewelry 
stock to Lurchin & Lurchin, since conduct- 
ing a strictly optometrical practice; 1904 
took post-graduate course at Chicago Eye, 
Nose and Throat College on anatomy, 
physiology and pathology of the eye, and 
graduated July, 1905. Secretary Vermont 
state board of examiners in optometry, 
1909 to date. A Republican; a Congre- 
gationalist. Charter member U^tica (N. 
Y.) Optometrical Society; honorary mem- 
ber New York State Optometrical Soci- 
ety; charter member Vermont State Ojati- 
cal Society; member Physiological Section 
of the American Optical Association ; char- 
ter member American Optical Association, 
and its treasurer since 1909. 

HASKINS, KiTTREDGE. Representa- 
tive in Congress. See page 77. 

HASSETT, AViLLiAM D.. Washington, 
D. C. Newspaper man. Born Northficld, 
August 28, 1880; son of David and Mary 
A. (Burke) Hassett. Graduated from 
Northfield High School, and for two years 
was student in collegiate department of 
Clark L^niversity, Worcester. Mass. Mr. 
Hassett is unmarried. Began newspaper 
work in Vermont; later joined the staff 




of the Washington Herald; for a year and 
a half with the Washington Post; is now 
connected with the Capital staff of The 
Associated Press. Communicant of the 
Catholic church. Member of National 
Press Club. Address. National Press 
Club. Washington. D. C. 

HATCH, Ernest A., Randolph. Mer- 
cliant. Born Manchester, N. H., May 8, 
1877; son of Henry J. and Emma E. 
(Van Delinder) Hatch. Educated in the 
Grammar and High Schools. Manchester, 
N. H. In 1900 married Edith J. Howe 
of Manchester, N. H. ; they have one son, 
George Darrah. Was employed eight 
years in the stores of Jonathan Pollard 
and the James W. Hill Co., dry goods 
merchants, Manchester, N. H. In 1902 
came to Randolph and entered the employ 
of W. F. Edson, after his death taking 
charge of his grain and feed business. 
Since 19O8 has conducted a department 
store with C. J. Stockwell under the firm 
name of Stockwell & Hatch. Is an at- 
tendant of the Methodist Church. 

HATCH, Isaac W., Queen City Park. 
Business man. Born Panton, Aug. 25, 
1838; son of Warren E. and Phebe C. 
Hatch. Educated in the district schools, 
James Tenbroeke's select school, and Ver- 
gennes High School. In 1861- married 
Ann E. Matthews of Panton, who died 
Dec. 20, 1884; they had seven children, 
Nellie G. (Mrs. A. E. Bai*nard, died Dec. 
1. 1906). Cora L. (Mrs. Wm. Parfitt), 
^^'arren M., Mary I. (Mrs. H. S. Var- 
ney), Charles Gilbert, Smith B. (died Jan. 
7, 1898). and Candace P. (Mrs. H. W. 
Clement); in 1891 married Mrs. Phebe 
H. Batchelder of Lincoln. Followed farm- 
ing until I86I, when he enlisted at Ver- 
gennes as private in Co. K, 2nd Regiment 
\'ermont \'olunteers, serving in the same 
company until Aug. 29. 186l>; besides nu- 
merous skirmishes participated in the bat- 
tles of first Bull Run, Va., Aug. 21, I86I ; 
Lee's Mills, Va., April I6, 1862; Wil- 
liamsburg, Va., May 5, 1862; Seven Days' 
BattU-. Va., June' 2.'5-.S0, 1862; South 
Mountain. Md., Sept. 11, 1862; Antietam, 
Md., Sept. 17, 1862; second liull Run, 
Va., Sept. 25, 1862; Fredericksburg, Va., 
Dec. l.S, 1862; Chancellorsville, Va., May 
1-4, 186.3; Gettysburg, Pa., July IS, 
186.S; Rappahannock Station, Va., Nov. 7, 
186.3: the Wilderness. Va., May 5, 1864, 

where he received an ugly shell woimd in 
the left side; discharged Aug. 29, 1864. 
Returned to Lincoln and took up farming 
and lumbering for I6 years; held various 
town ofiices ; postmaster four years ; audi- 
tor three years; selectman four years; 
road commissioner four vears; removed to 
Queen City Park, where he was proprie- 
tor of the hotel and postmaster six years ; 
now engaged in real estate business. A 
Democrat. In religious convictions a Spir- 

Hx\TCH, William Moore, Arlington, 
Mass. Publisher. Born Strafford, April 
28, 1864; son of Henry Chandler and 
Mary Anna (Moore) Hatch. Graduated 
from Kimball Union Academy 1882; A. B. 
Dartmouth College 1886; LL. B. Colum- 
bian University 1889; LL. M. 1890. In 
I89I married Mary P. J. Sampson of 
Washington, D. C; they have two daugh- 
ters, Eleanor Sampson and Beatrice Lou- 
ise. Clerk in father's general store, Straf- 
ford, 1886; clerk in postoffice department, 
Washington, D. C, 1886-9; clerk Inter- 
state Commerce Commission 1889-96; as- 
sistant examiner U. S. Patent Office 1896- 
8; U. S. Chinese inspector, Boston and 
New York, 1898-1902; with Silver, Bur- 
dett & Co., publishers, 1902-3; New Eng- 
land manager D. Appleton & Co., 1903-5; 
same for Silver, Burdett & Co. since 1905; 
member of latter firm since I9IO. A Re- 
publican; represented Strafford in the 
Vermont Legislature I9O6; aide-de-camp 
with rank of colonel on staff of Governor 
George H. Prouty, 1 908- 10. A Congre- 
gationalist. Member Temple Lodge No. 
54, F. & A. M., of Strafford; Mt. Lebanon 
Chapter of Bradford; Vermont Command- 
ery No. 4, K. T., Windsor; Scottish Rite 
Bodies of Vermont, 32 degrees, Burling- 
ton; University Club, Boston; Dartmouth 
Club, Boston, and president I9IO-II. Of- 
fice, 221 Columbus Avenue, Boston; resi- 
dence, 16 Pelham Terrace, Arlington, 

HATHAWAY, Lewis J., Montpelier. 
Musician. Born Montpelier, Jan. 11, 
1872; son of Charles and Lucy E. (Hib- 
l)ard) Hathaway. Educated at Montpel- 
ier High School, Montpelier Seminary, 
and New England Conservatory of Music, 
Boston, class of 1898. In 1910 married 
Grace L. Tup))er of Bethel. Since 1899 
has been director of music department at 




Montpelier Seminary, organist and choir 
director at Church of the ^Messiah. In 
I9O8 was given a year's leave of absence, 
which was spent in study with well known 
German masters in Berlin, Germany. Is 
a Republican. In religious belief a Uni- 

HAWKINS, Eugene William Jerome, 
Burlington. Lawyer. Born Starksboro, 
July 28, 1851; son of Ansil Madison and 
Sarah Jane (Mead) Hawkins. Educated 
in public and select schools of his native 
town. In 1873 married Jennie Mary 
Carl of Starksboro, who died IPH; they 
had two daughters, Anna Carl (Mrs. Al- 
bert Chapman Smith, Leominster, Mass.), 
and Jessie Madaline (Mrs. Chas. A. Niles, 
Burlington). Taught school in Starks- 
boro, and worked in a dry goods store in 
Rutland 1868-70; read law in his father's 
office, and admitted to supreme and county 
courts at Middlebury 1873; was associated 
with father in the practice of law at 
Starksboro 1873-8; states attorney Ad- 
dison County 1882-6; engrossing clerk of 
Vermont Legislature from and including 
1878 to 1886, and 1892; located in Bur- 
lington January, 1891, and from that time 
to April, 1891, was assistant to Hon. C. 
W. Brownell, then secretary of state and 
insurance commissioner. Assisted in the 
organization of the Burlington Mutual 
Fire Insurance Co., June, 1907, and from 
that time has been its secretary and a di- 
rector. Was secretary of the Champlain 
Valley Fair Association 1891-1900; helped 
in the organization of the Vermont and 
Northern New York trotting and pacing 
circuit, which included six fair associa- 
tions, and was secretary and treasurer of 
the Circuit Association 1895-1900. A Re- 
publican ; in 1 894 appointed clerk of the 
city court of Burlington by the late Judge 
J. W. Russell, holding the office until 
March, 19OO; appointed city judge by 
Gov. E. C. Smith, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the death of Judge Russell ; re- 
appointed by Governor Stickney and Gov- 
ernor McCullough; held the office until 
April, 1905; trustee of the Home Savings 
Bank of Burlington since 1907; chairman 
of the board of license commissioners for 
Burlington 1905-6; alderman for the term 
beginning April 1, I9II; justice of the 
peace in 1891 and received successive re- 
elections until 1900, and re-elected again 
in 1910 for two vears. Member of the 

Independent Order of Odd Fellows, has 
filled the principal chairs in subordinate 
Lodge, Encampment, and Patriarchs Mili- 
tant ; was district deputy grand master 

HAWLEY, DoNLY Curtis, Burlington. 
Physician and surgeon. Born Fletcher, 
Oct. 31, 1855; son of Curtis F. and Louise 
Ann (Boynton) Hawley. Graduate New 
Hampton Institution, Fairfax, 1 873 ; 
Barre Academy 1874; University of Ver- 
mont, degree of B. A., 1878; med- 
ical department University of Vermont, 
degree of M. D., 1884, valedictorian 
of class of 101 graduates. In 1878 mar- 
ried Jessie Roberts Hill of Burlington ; 
they have two daughters, Bessie (Mrs. 
Charles R. Wilder of Boston) and May 
H. (Mrs. James S. Bixby of Poughkeep- 
sie, N. Y^.) From 1878-82 was in mer- 
cantile business with his father; began 
professional career at Brattleboro, taking 
for a time the practice of Drs. Holton and 
Conland, later settling in Burlington, 
where he has since remained, devoting at- 
tention particularly to surgery and proctol- 
ogy, with much time to hospital and in- 
stitutional work ; attending surgeon at 
Mary Fletcher Hospital, 1887-1908; at- 
tending and, later, consulting surgeon 
Fanny Allen Hosjaital from its organiza- 
tion to 1909; now attending proctologist 
to both of these hospitals ; delegate from 
Vermont State Medical Society to meet- 
ing of British ^Medical Association in 
1877; first delegate from same society to 
American Medical Association after its re- 
organization, being member of the House 
of Delegates at Saratoga meeting in 1902; 
member of American Medical Association ; 
the American Academy of Medicine, be- 
fore which society, as its president, he 
delivered an address on "Heredity and 
Environment as Causes of Delinquency 
and Crime," at Boston I906; member of 
the American Proctologic Society; the 
American Association for the Study and 
Prevention of Infant Mortality ; the Amer- 
ican Public Health Association ; secretary 
of the Vermont State Medical Society 
1887-1902; its president I906; president 
Burlington and Chittenden County Clini- 
cal Society 1894-5; first president Ver- 
mont Society for the Study and Preven- 
tion of Tuberculosis ; member of Vermont 
state tuberculosis commission 1907-8. by 
appointment of Governor Proctor; and at 




present member of board of registration 
of nurses, by appointment of Governor 
Mead. Dr. Hawlev has been a prolific 
writer on medical topics, and has read 
many valuable papers before the numerous 
societies of which he is a member. Among 
his contributions may be mentioned "Heart 
Sounds and Cardiac Murmurs/' 1892; 
"Surgical Treatment of Hemorrhoids," 
ISPS: "The Radical Cure of Hydrocele," 
1SP5; "Thoughts on General and Cardiac 
Therapy," 1896; "Osteosarcoma of Femur 
— Wyeth's Bloodless Amputation at Hip 
Joint, with Recovery," 1896; "Diseases of 
tlie Rectum," 1897; "The Surgical Cure 
of Hydrocele," 1899; "Inflammation and 
Ulceration of the Sigmoid Flexure," 1901'; 
"Femoral Hernia." 1901 ; "The Relation 
of the Physician to Politics," 1903; "Dis- 
eases of Children." 190^; "Recreation as 
a Sociologic Factor." 1906; "Heredity and 
Environment as Causes of Delinquency 
and Crime," 1906; "Surgery of the Rec- 
tum," 19O8; "Examination and Diagnosis 
of Rectal Diseases," 19O8; "Regional An- 
esthesia in Rectal Work," 19O8; "Pene- 
trating Wound of Rectum and Bladder," 
1909; "Some of the Less Common Rectal 
Diseases," 191O; "Malformation of Rec- 
tum and Anus." and "Pruritus Ani," 1911- 
Director of Burlington Mutual Fire In- 
surance Co. since its organiation. Is a 
Republican; superintendent of schools at 
Fairfax 1881-2; school commissioner, Bur- 
lington, I893-I9OI; mayor of Burlington 
1901, re-elected 1902; member of board 
of park commissioners since 1903; member 
of board of U. S. examining surgeons for 
pensions under the Harrison, McKinley, 
Roosevelt, and Taft administrations, and 
now president of the board at Burlington. 
Is an Episcopalian. Ex-president Ethan 
Allen Club; regent Mansfield Council, 
Royal Arcanum, 1896-7; member of Cham- 
plain I>odge Xo. 7, Knights of Pythias; 
and Alpha Camp Xo. 7227, Modern Wood- 
men of America. 

HAZEX, Albert Rockwell, White 
River Junction. Lumber operator. Born 
Hartford, March 20, 188.^; son of Xoah 
Jjartliolornew and Susan Alice (Dutton) 
H.izen. Educated at Hartford High 
School 1902, Kimball Union Academy 
I90.S, and Dartmouth College ]907. En- 
gaged in lumber and coal prospecting in 
the .Southern states 1907-8; lumber oper- 
ator in \'ern)ont 1909; loans in Xew York 

City 191O; real estate. White River Junc- 
tion and lumber operator since I9IO. A 
Republican. A Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber of Knights of Pythias, Grange and 
Sigma Chi Fraternity. 

HAZEN, Perley F., St. Johnsbury. 
General superintendent E. and T. Fair- 
banks and Company. Born at Hartford, 
July 11, 1854; son of Edward and Sarah 
(Tilden) Hazen. Educated in the public 
schools. In 1881 married Minnie Flor- 
ence Baker of St. Johnsbury. Entered 
oflice of E. and T. Fairbanks and Com- 
pany in 1872 as junior clerk, but was 
always interested in mechanics, and soon 
became familiar with the details of the 
business from the manufacturing stand- 
point. His present position is general 
superintendent of the several factories 
owned and operated by the concern. Is 
a Republican, but has never sought or 
cared for public office. Member of the 
North Congregational Church, which he 
has served in various capacities. A 32 
degree Mason; past commander of Pales- 
tine Commandery; and a member of the 
several bodies of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. 

HEATON, Charles Henry, Montpel- 
ier. Recorder. Born Montpelier, Nov. 2, 
184''i; son of Homer W. and Harriet 
(Stearns) Heaton. Educated at Washing- 
ton County Grammar School, Kimball 
LTnion Academy, N. H., and Vermont 
Episcopal Institute. In 1877 married 
Sarah L. Morse of Montpelier; they have 
tw^o children, Ruby M. and Clifton M. 
Has been recorder for several societies ; 
member of the board of selectmen for 
four years; commissioner of Green Moun- 
tain Cemetery; secretary and one of the 
directors of Heaton Hospital, the gift of 
his father, the late Hon. Homer W. Hea- 
ton, to the city of Montpelier. Is a 33 
degree mason ; charter member and past 
))otentate Mount Sinai Temple, Mystic 
Shrine, and recorder since 1876, with the 
exception of the year he served as poten- 
tate ; honorary member of Islam Temple, 
San Francisco, Cal., and of Medinah Tem- 
ple, Chicago, 111.; active member and past 
general grand treasurer of the Supreme 
Grand Chapter of the Grand Cross of 
Constantine of the United States of Amer- 




HENDERSON, Ola Henry, St. Johns- 
bury. Railroad passenger agent. Born 
Corinth, March 21, 1857; son of Rev. 
Moses C. and Susan A. (Wood) Hender- 
son. Educated at Tilton (N. H.) Sem- 
inary; Lyndon Literary Institute; and 
New Hampton (N. H.) Commercial Col- 
lege. In 1878 married Clara J. Smith of 
Woodstock, N. H.; they have five chil- 
dren, Isabelle, Edith G. (Mrs. Davison), 
Lillian E. (Mrs. Dolloff), Marion V. 
(Mrs. Drummond), and Pearl Victor. In 
1875 entered the ticket office of the Con- 
necticut & Passumpsic Rivers Railroad Co. 
at St. Johnsbury ; after about 1 5 months' 
service as clerk was promoted to passen- 
ger agent, which position he has since 
held, the Connecticut and Passumpsic 
Rivers road having since been leased to 
the Boston & Maine system. Is a Repub- 
lican ; has served as chairman of Republi- 
can town committee, and also as delegate 
to conventions. Is member of the Baptist 
Church; has held offices in local church; 
is member of the board of trustees, also 
auditor; and member of board of trustees 
of Vermont Baptist state convention. 
Member of Passumpsic Lodge No. 27, F. 
& A. M.; Haswell Chapter No. 7, R. A. 
M.; Caledonia Council No. 13, R. & S. 
M.; Palestine Commandery, K. T. ; Miz- 
pah Lodge of Perfection, Scottish Rite; 
Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic Shrine; member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows; past grand master, past grand pa- 
triarch, past department commander, pres- 
ent grand secretary of Grand Lodge of 
Vermont, and past trustee of Gill Odd 
Fellows Home; member of Apollo Lodge, 
Knights of Pythias. 

HENRY, Hugh, Chester. Lawyer. 
Born Chester, March 21, 1838; son of 
Hugh H. and Sarah (Henry) Henry. Ed- 
ucated at Chester and Deerfield Acade- 
mies. In January, 1872, married Emma 
J. Ordway of Chester, who died in Sep- 
tember of the same year; in 1873 mar- 
ried Alice A. Ordway of Chester; they 
have two children, Emma C. and Hugh H. 
Admitted to Vermont Bar May, 1862. 
Lieutenant of Co. I, l6th Regiment Ver- 
mont Volunteers ; participated in the bat- 
tle of Gettysburg. Judge of probate, dis- 
trict of Windsor, December, 1884, to June, 
1898; U. S. pension agent. Concord, N. 
H., from July 1, 1898, to July 1, 1906; 
director National Bank of Bellows Falls 

since July, 1873, president since January, 
1909; trustee Bellows Falls Savings In- 
stitution since January, 1887; director of 
Vermont Valley Railroad since 1883, vice- 
president since 1909. A Republican; rep- 
resented Chester in the Legislature 1870, 
1872, 1874, 1876, and 1884; senator from 
Windsor County 1880. A Unitarian. ^Nleni- 
ber of Masonic fraternity, Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows, G. A. R., and Mili- 
tary Order Loyal Leffion. 

HENRY, William Wirt, Burlington. 
Born Waterbury, Nov. 21, 1831; son of 
James M. and Matilda (Gale) Henry. 
Educated at district school, and one term 
at People's Academy, Morrisville, 1849- 
In 1857 married Mary Jane Beebe of 
Waterbur}^, who died in 1871; they had 
three children, Ferdinand S. (deceased), 
Mary M. (Mrs. F. S. Pease), and Kate B. 
(Mrs. W. H. Hopkins, deceased). In 1872 
married Valeria Heaton of Waterbury. 
Miner in California 1850-7; drug busi- 
ness, Waterbury and Burlington, 1857-97, 
except three years, 1861-5, when in the 
Civil War. Enlisted as private in May, 
1861; promoted first lieutenant Com- 
pany D, 2nd Vermont Volunteers ; mus- 
tered out on surgeon's certificate Oc- 
tober, 1861; commissioned major 10th 
Vermont Volunteers ; promoted to lieu- 
tenant-colonel and colonel 1 864 ; Con- 
gress brevetted him brigadier-general and 
voted him medal of honor for leading a 
charge at Cedar Creek, Va. ; was in first 
battle of Bull Run, Wilderness, Spottsyl- 
vania. Fort Anna, Tolopotomy Creek, 
Cold Harbor (wounded), Petersburg, Va. ; 
Monocacy, Md. ; Cedar Creek, Va. ; re- 
signed on surgeon's certificate December, 
1864. A Republican; senator from Wash- 
ington County 1865-8; later senator from 
Chittenden County two years; chairman 
city committee, Burlington; mayor of Bur- 
lington two years; U. S. marshal seven 
years; U. S. consul at Quebec 12 years, 
1897- 1909. An Episcopalian; member Al- 
gonquin Club, Burlington; Garrison Club, 
Quebec; president of St. Bernard Fish 
and Game Club of Canada. 

HEYWOOD, William Henry, Brat- 
tleboro. Manufacturer. Born Guildhall, 
Feb. 25, 1868; son of Henry and Cather- 
ine Rachel (Hubbard) Hey wood. Edu- 
cated at Holderness School, Plymouth, 
N. H., and Eastman's Business College, 




Poughkeepsie. X. Y. In 1892 married 
Jeannette May Sylvester of Boston, 
Mass.; they have three sons^ William 
Henry, Edward Lester, and Francis Her- 
man. Was employed in Boston, Mass., 
by the C. & C. Electric Co.; the Smith 
Premier Typewriter Co.; president of the 
Congo Blacking Manufacturing Co.; 
president and treasurer of Brattleboro 
Overall Co. ; and at present proprietor of 
C. H. Eddy Co. Is independent in poli- 
tics. Vestryman of the Protestant Epis- 
copal Church. Past high priest Fort Dum- 
mer Chapter No. 12, R. A. M.; member 
of Brattleboro Lodge No. 102, F. & A. M.; 
Connecticut Valley Council No. l6, R. & 
S. M.; Beauseant Commanderv No. 7, 
K. T.; Brigham Chapter No. 3o/0. E. S.; 
Mount Sinai Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.; 
and Protective Grange No. 22. 

HIBBARD. Joel C, Windsor. Editor. 
Born Newport, Nov. 10, 1876; son of 
Cleveland J. and Angeline W. (Pettey) 
Hibbard. Graduated at Newport High 
School 1 894, and studied at University of 
Vermont as a student of modern lan- 
guages. Learned printing trade with C. 
F. Ranney, Newport; paymaster on con- 
struction work, Manchester, Conn., 1900- 
4; assistant editor of Newport Express 
and Standard 1904-9; editor Vermont 
Journal, Windsor, since 1909- Has trav- 
eled extensively in the United States. A 
member of Vermont National Guard, hon- 
orably discharged 1897. In religious be- 
lief a Congregationalist. Member of Mem- 
phremagog Lodge No. 65, F. & A. M., of 
Newport; admitted to membership in In- 
ternational Typographical Union at Hart- 
ford, Conn., in 1902. 

HIGGINS, John, Middlebury. Hotel 
keeper. Bom Arlington, Dec. 8, 1853; 
son of Michael and Mary (Cullinan) Hig- 
gins. Educated in the public schools. In 
1876 married Ellen Welch of Arlington, 
who died 1906; they had three children, 
>Lirgaret. Michael, and Edward. Was 
clerk in Hotel Arlington 1875-85; clerk 
in hotel at Bennington 1885-7; manager 
Brandon House 1887-9; manager Lake 
Diinniore House 1889-91; proprietor Ad- 
dison House, Middlebury 1891-9; Pierce, Middlebury 189.9-1901; Addison 
House 1901 to date. Is a Democrat. In 
religious belief a Roman Catholic. 

HILDRETH, David Wesley, New- 
port. Editor and publisher. Born Hallo- 
well, Me., Jan. 24, 1853; son of Levi and 
Abby (Basford) Hildreth. Educated in the 
jiublic schools. In 1882 married Etta N. 
Dodge of Barton Landing. Came to Ver- 
mont at the age of 19 years; station agent 
Thetford 1872-4; spare and telegraph op- 
erator Barton Landing 1874-9; began 
drug business in 1879, and built business 
block in town; purchased the Express and 
Standard, Newport, in 1 897, and has since 
conducted that paper in connection with 
jobbing plant and wholesale and retail 
store. Possibly is more widely known as 
a writer of dramas, short sketches, and 
stories under the nom-de-plume of "David 
Hill." Is a Republican. Member of Mem- 
phremagog Lodge No. 65, F. & A. M.; 
and the Knights of Pythias. 

HILL, Arthur Walton, Burlington. 
Banker. Born Burlington, April 24, 
1871; son of Orange Vaughn and Ellen 
Frances (Walton) Hill. Educated in the 
public schools. In 1902 married Marj' 
Lucille Phelps of Orwell; they have three 
children, Olney Walton, Marjorie Phelps, 
and Plinj^ Smith. Was stenographer for 
Wales & Wales, attorneys, Burlington, 
1887-9; entered employ of Merchants Na- 
tional Bank 1889, holding office of assist- 
ant cashier from 1903. Is a Republican. 
An Episcopalian. A member of Wash- 
ington Lodge No. 3, F. & A. M.; and the 
Ethan Allen Club. 

HILL, Edwin King, Sheffield. Farmer. 
Born Sheffield, July 17, 1848; son of 
Timothy and Sarah Jane (Miles) Hill. 
Educated in the public schools of Whee- 
lock. In 1870 married Ardell C. Fuller 
of Troy. Followed farming on the home 
farm in Wheelock until 1889, when he re- 
moved to Sheffield ; was one of the firm 
of Hill & Sheldon, grain dealers and gro- 
cers ; in 1909 they sold the business to 
H. L. Baily; engages in farming to a 
small extent; has been in the grain and 
fertilizer business for 20 years. Is a 
Democrat; is selectman, which office he 
has held 10 years; was lister three years; 
deputy sheriff four years. Member of the 
Methodist Church, steward and financial 
agent. Member of Crescent Lodge No. 
66, F. & A. M., of Lyndonville; Haswell 
Chapter No. 11, R. A. M.; Palestine Com- 




mandery No. 5, K. T., of St. Johnsbury; 
the Grange; and is treasurer and past 
councillor of Council No. 39, Junior Or- 
der of United American Mechanics. 

HILL, Guy W., St. Johnsbury. Law- 
3'er. Born Waterford, April 26, 1878; 
son of Willard C. and Hannah (Weeks) 
Hill. Educated in the public schools of 
Waterford, and a graduate of St. Johns- 
bury Academy class of 1897. In 1904. 
married Agnes L. Sprague of St. Johns- 
bury. Admitted to Vermont Bar 1901, 
Bar of Circuit and District Courts 1903; 
appointed master in chancery 1903; in 
partnership with Elisha May in the law 
firm of May & Hill 1904-8; states at- 
torney Caledonia County 1905-8; elected 
auditor of Caledonia County 1906, which 
office he still holds ; one of the incor- 
porators of Passumpsic Savings Bank. A 
Republican. An attendant of the ]\Ieth- 
odist Church. Secretary and treasurer of 
Caledonian Forest and Stream Club ; mem- 
ber St. Johnsbury Commercial Club, and 
Vermont Bar Association. 

HINSDALE, Sidney Edgar, Burling- 
ton. Produce dealer. Born Richmond, 
Aug. 29, 1867; son of Edgar and Phoebe 
(Griswold) Hinsdale. Educated at Wil- 
liston High School, Vermont Methodist 
Seminary, and Burlington Business Col- 
lege. In 1892 married Ina May Morse 
of Waterbury ; they have one son, Mitch- 
ell W. At age of sixteen began buying 
pears, which he disposed of at fairs ; is 
now the largest dealer in pears in the 
state; from the pear trade he took up the 
apple and hay business, the latter total- 
ing some 200 cars annually. In March, 
1910, purchased a residence in Burling- 
ton, where he has resided since the fol- 
lowing April. A Republican; has held 
nearly all the town offices in St. George, 
which town he represented in the Legisla- 
ture 19O8-9. A Baptist; member Patriot 
Lodge, F. & A. M., and La Plotte Chap- 
ter No. 64, Order of Eastern Star, of 

HITCHCOCK, Ernest, Pittsford. 
Farmer. Born Pittsford, Dec. 1, 1856; 
son of Charles and Sarah Jane (Merrill) 
Hitchcock. Educated at Pittsford public 
schools, Montpelier Seminary, Wesleyan 
L^niversity, and Yale University. In 1883 
married Caroline A. Curtice of Webster, 

N. Y. ; they have four cliildren, Miriam 
Curtice, Harry Merrill, Curtice Nelson, 
and John Allen. Admitted to Bar, New- 
ark, N. Y., 1881; secretary Lawyers' Co- 
operative Publishing Co. from its organi- 
zation, two years ; practiced law and en- 
gaged in legal literary work, Chicago and 
Washington, 1883-9; farming at Pittsford 
since 1889- A Democrat; selectman, Pitts- 
ford, three years ; school director five 
years; lister five years; member state 
board of agriculture six years, 190 1-6; 
cattle commission two years, 1901-2; for- 
estry commissioner two years, 1905-6; 
member sjjccial commission on taxation, 
1907-8; represented Pittsford in the Leg- 
islature I9O8; chairman school building 
committee, Pittsford, I9II. 

HITCHCOCK, Samuel Rollin, West 
Haven. Farming and insurance. Born 
West Haven, April 27, 1851; son of Rol- 
lin and Polly Ann (Atwood) Hitchcock. 
Educated in the public schools, and Col- 
legiate Institute, Fort Edward, N. Y. In 
1876 married Myra Taylor of Williams- 
port, Pa. ; they have one son, Horace Rol- 
lin. Has been agent for Vermont Fire 
Insurance Co. for 30 years. A Republi- 
can ; represented West Haven in the Leg- 
islature 1906; senator from Rutland Coun- 
ty 1910 ; has held most of the town offices; 
at present town clerk and treasurer. A 
Congregationalist. Member of West Ha- 
ven Grange; a director of Rutland County 
Agricultural Society. 

HOADLEY, Justus Rogers, Rutland. 
Insurance. Born jSIiddletown Springs, 
Sept. 22, 1855; son of Harvey and Ann 
Janet (Gray) Hoadley. Educated in the 
public schools, and Cobb's Business Col- 
lege, Painesville, O. In 1885 married Car- 
rie D. W. Wilkinson of West Rutland. 
Began business life at the age of I6 with 
A. W. Gray's Sons Co., as engineer and 
machinist; came to Rutland 1879, entering 
the office of Chester Parmenter, insurance 
agent; has continued in the business since; 
secretary and manager of State Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company since 1888. Is 
independent in politics; auditor for town 
and village of Rutland 1885-92; alderman 
city of Rutland 1893-4; assessor city of 
Rutland 1901-4. Member of Congrega- 
tional Church, Rutland, a worker in sev- 
eral committees, and treasurer since 1905. 
Past master Center Lodge No. 34, F. & 



A. M. ; past commander Killingtoii Com- 
mandery No. t). K. T. ; and secretary of 
Delta Lodge of Perfection. A. A. S. R. 

HOBART. Irving F., Westford. Farm- 
er. Born Westford. Jan. 11. 1858; son 
of Eli and Hannah J. (Brush) Hobart. 
Educated in the public schools. Has fol- 
lowed farming, and has been also a cream- 
ery proprietor and traveling salesman for 
the De Laval Separator Co. Is a Repub- 
lican : a member of the Republican county 
committee ; has been selectman, lister, 
school director, road commissioner and 
county supervisor of highways ; represent- 
ed Westford in the Legislature 1902; sen- 
ator from Chittenden County ipOS. A 
member of Warner Lodge No. 50, F. & 
A. M. ; and Chittenden Lodge No. 23, 
Knights of Pythias. 

HOLCOMBC. LuMAN Clayton, Mil- 
ton. Physician. Born Chateaugay, N. Y., 
April 9. 1 865 ; son of Cyrus and Almeda 
C. (Hall) Holcombe. Educated in the 
Isle La Motte public schools, St. Albans 
High School 1882. Troy (N. Y.) Business 
College 1883, and graduated from Univer- 
sity of Vermont College of Medicine 1894. 
Did post-graduate work in 1910, and in 
Boston University 1911. Aug. 21, 1895, 
married Eleanor Pearl Brainerd, daugh- 
ter of Aldis O. Brainerd, of St. Albans ; 
they have four children, Cyrus Brainerd, 
Luman Clayton, Jr., Aldis Brainerd, and 
Ruth Eleanor. Taught in the public 
schools 1889-90; assistant express agent, 
Boston and Albany station, Boston, 1887; 
head book-keeper, department of retail 
sales, Jordan, Marsh & Co., Boston, 1887- 
8 ; member of the firm of Holcombe & 
Houghton, ice dealers ; and census enu- 
merator 1890; traveling manager of pub- 
lishing house 1891 ; has practiced medicine 
in Milton since locating there in 189i; 
medical examiner for leading insurance 
companies. A Republican. Member of 
the Congregational Church. Member of 
American .Medical Association ; Vermont 
State Medical Society; Burlington and 
Cliitt«nden County Clinical Society; vice- 
president University of Vermont Medical 
Alumni Association; has served sev- 
eral years as trustee and chairman 
Milton high and graded school board; 
and trustee and chairman of the 
-Milton village board of trustees. Mem- 
ber of Pill Clii fraternity; Modern 

Woodmen of America; Milton Lodge of 
Odd Fellows; Columbia Encampment of 
St. Albans; and officer of Grand Lodge of 
Vermont I. O. O. F. 

HOLDEN, George Jean, Burlington. 
Captain U. S. Army. Born South Wal- 
lingford, March l6, 1875; son of George 
Henry and Rhoda Bell (Hopkins) Hol- 
den. Educated at Burlington High School, 
University of Vermont, and Army Serv- 
ice Schools, Fort Leavenworth, Kan. In 
1895 married Else Constans of St. Paul, 
Minn. ; they have one daughter, Constans, 
born Burlington, July 3, 1908. Employed 
as bookkeeper in Burlington Savings Bank 
1893-4; commissioned a 2nd lieutenant of 
infantr}^, United States Army, July, 1898; 
promoted 1st lieutenant March, 1899; cap- 
tain, December, 1903; has seen service in 
Cuba, the Philippine Islands, Porto Rico, 
and many stations in the Continental Uni- 
ted States. Served as paymaster 1904-9; 
at present captain 25th U. S. infantry, 
stationed at Fort George Wright, Wash- 
ington. Member Sigma Phi Fraternity 
of University of Vermont; Washington 
Lodge No. 100, F. & A. M.; Vermont 
Consistory, 32 degrees, S. P. R. S., of 
Burlington, and Cairo Temple, Mystic 
Shrine, of Rutland. 

HOLDEN, Jonas Hannibal, Burling- 
ton. Lieutenant-commander U. S. Navy. 
Born Wallingford, April 5, 1873; son of 
George Henry and Rhoda Bell (Hojj- 
kins) Holden. Educated at Burlington 
High School, and U. S. Naval Academy, 
Annapolis, Md. In 1904 married Lil- 
lian, daughter of William Walker of Bur- 
lington. Service record : Entered U. S. 
Naval Academy, May, 1 892 ; graduated 
June, 1896; at sea June, 1896, to May, 
1901; October, 1902, to December, 1905; 
October, 1907, to October, IplO; a total 
service in U. S. Navy of 20 years, 
of which 12 have been spent at sea. 
Served on following ships: U. S. S. Con- 
stellation, Monongahela, Bancroft, Colum- 
bia, 1st Maine (blown up in Havana har- 
bor, February, 1898), Scorpion, Solace. 
Olyinj)ia, Oregon, Monterey, Zafiro (in 
command), Brooklyn, Buffalo, Holland. 
Chesapeake, 2nd Maine, Berry (in com- 
mand), Yankton (in command), Missouri 
(ordnance officer, then navigator), Con- 
necticut (flag secretary of the commander- 
in-chief U. S. Atlantic fleet). Naval 



Lt^AX/w ^. S ■ Ct-'^t^^ 

U J. u. 





cadet, May, 1892-8; ensign, May, 1898, 
to June, 1901 ; lieutenant junior grade, 
June, 1901, to March, 1903, lieutenant, 
March, 1903, to August, 19O8; lieutenant- 
commander, August, 19O8, to present date. 
Served on shore duty at U. S. Naval 
Academy as instructor; U. S. Navy Yard, 
Washington, D. C, as assistant inspector 
of ordnance; U. S. Naval Torpedo Sta- 
tion, Newport, R. I.; U. S. Naval Prov- 
ing Ground, Indian Head, Md., (present 
duty) in command of proving ground and 
naval powder factory. Spanish-Amer- 
ican war on gunboat Scorpion throughout 
the war ; Santiago blockade squadron, 
battle of Manzanillo, July 18, 1898; Phil- 
lipine Campaign 1899-91; China Relief 
Expedition, July, 1900; was aide-de- 
camp to Captain Sigsbee on board the 
old Maine when blown up in Havana har- 
bor. Feb. 14, 1898, and one of the last 
to leave the ship ; in continuous service in 
the navy from ^lay, 1892, to present 
date. A Unitarian; member Army and 
Navy Club, Washington, D. C; U. S. Na- 
val Academy Club; Military Order of the 
Dragon; Society of American Wars. 

HOLDEN, Lyman E., Brattleboro. 
Lumber dealer and manufacturer. Born 
Jamaica, May 2, I860; son of Justus 
Culwell and Philena Satira (Rice) 
Holden. Educated at village schools. In 
1881 married Ella INI. Kidder, Wardsboro, 
who died 1891; they had two children, 
Alice Ella and Henry Lyman; in 1893 
married Grace Emma Hildreth of Brat- 
tleboro ; they have one daughter, Gladys 
Evelyn. From 1878 to 1881 was in lum- 
ber and grain business; 1881-4 farming; 
1884 lost everything by fire; started in 
lumber business at Wardsboro same year, 
entirely on borrowed capital; 1891 formed 
partnership with Judge J. L. Martin, 
Brattleboro, and has since been actively 
engaged in lumber business in Brattleboro, 
the firm owning and leasing factories of 
Hooker, Corser & Mitchell Co. and C. H. 
Eddy Bottling Works, and handling large 
contracts of timber land in southern Ver- 
mont. Is a Republican ; a Congregation- 
alist; member Brattleboro Lodge No. 102, 
F. cSc A. M.; Fort Dummer Chapter No. 12, 
R. A. M.; Quonektacat Tribe No. 2, I. O. 
Red Men; Vermont Wheel Club. 

HOLMES, Charles Chamberlain, 
Montpelier. Grocer and meat dealer. 

Born Barre, Oct. 5, 1872; son of James 
Fisher and Prussia (Hill) Holmes. Edu- 
cated in the public schools and Vermont 
Academy. In 1893 married Helen May 
Greely of Chester; they have seven chil- 
dren, Merton Alson, Mildred E., Rachel 
E., Everet B., Dorothy I., Rita M., and 
Shirley M. Previous to 1899 was em- 
ployed as clerk in meat market at Sax~ 
tons River, and for H. O. Skinner, Mont- 
pelier; in 1899 went into the retail meat 
business, in 1909 adding a line of 
groceries. Is a Republican. A member 
of the Baptist Church, trustee, deacon, 
church treasurer, and superintendent of 
the Sunday school; one of the board of 
directors of the Y. M. C. A. Member of 
Vermont Lodge No. 2, I. O. O. F.; New 
England Order of Protection; and Junior 
Order of United American Mechanics. 

HOLMES, George C, St. Albans. 
High sheriff and farmer. Born Highgate, 
Nov. 11, I860; son of Loren and Mary 
Jane (Hemphill) Holmes. Educated in 
the public schools. In 1880 married Eliza 
Button of Swanton; she died in 1885; in 
1899 married Grace Pelton of Highgate; 
they have one daughter, Katharyne. Left 
home at 1 6 ; began lumbering and farming 
at 21 ; in 1880 purchased a farm in High- 
gate; in 1886 went to Manchester, N. H., 
in the employ of the Amoskeag Corpora- 
tion; in I893 returned to Highgate and 
went into the meat business with A. P. 
Burwick, continuing five years, adding a 
general store; later dissolved partnership 
and continued the business seven years, 
when he sold out. For two years superin- 
tendent Sheldon Poor House Association. 
Is a Republican; constable and collector 
Highgate six years; overseer of poor 15 
years ; postmaster six years ; deputy sher- 
iff for many years and high sheriff Frank- 
lin County since I906. Member of Sev- 
enty-six Lodge No. 14, F. & A. M.; the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Swan- 
ton ; and Modern Woodmen of America, 

HOLMES, Robert Henry, Shoreham. 
Apiarist. Born Johnson, July 2. 1848; 
son of Robert and Nancy (Gilmore) 
Holmes. Educated at Johnson Academy. 
In I869 married Clara Maria Dewing of 
Northfield Falls ; they have three children, 
Jennie Louisa, Robert Ernest and Ralph 
Chester. Followed farming previous to 




1885; in 1876 came to Addison County, 
living in Bridport nine years; began bee- 
keeping in 1881 ; moved to Shoreham 1885. 
Is a Republican. A Congregationalist ; 
has been superintendent of the Sunday 
School over 25 years, deacon of the church 
about '■20 years; has been president of local 
and county Cliristian Endeavor Societies, 
and held other church offices ; has been con- 
nected with county Sunday school work 
for several years ; master of tlie local 
Ci range five years ; chaplain of State 
Grange eight years. 

HOLTOX. Hexry • Dwight, Brattle- 
boro. Physician and surgeon. Born Rock- 
ingham. July 24,1838; son of Elihu Dwight 
and Nancy (Grout) Holton. Educated at 
Vermont Academy, Saxton's River; was 
graduated with degree of ]\I. D. from Uni- 
versity of New York I860; studied medi- 
cine with Dr. J. H. Warren, Boston, 
Mass., and Dr. Valentine Mott, New 
York. In 1862 married Ellen Jane Hoit 
of Rockingham. Physician to Williams- 
burg Dispensary. Brooklyn, N. Y. ; re- 
moved to Putney, and in 1867 to Brat- 
tleboro; has performed most of the capital 
surgical operations in that town ; author of 
many widely published medical papers; 
published Posological Tablet 1880; has 
been secretary and president Connecticut 
River Medical Association; president Ver- 
mont Medical Society ; vice-president 
American Medical Association, delivering, 
by appointment, oration on state medicine 
before that body. Baltimore, 1895; dele- 
gate to International Medical Congress, 
Brussels, 1875; made member British 
Medical Association 1875; member Amer- 
ican Public Health Association, nine years 
treasurer, president 1902; member Boston 
Cjynaecological Society; Rocky Mountain 
Medical Society; honorary member Maine 
Academy of Medicine; was active in or- 
ganization of Pan-American Medical Con- 
gress, and chairman board of trustees and 
exexnitive committee; president Tubercu- 
losis Congress, 1901 ; member National 
Conference Charities and Corrections; 
Continental Anti-Tuberculosis Association 
of Europe; Academy of Medicine, New 
"^'ork ; Anxrican Thfrapcutic Society; Na- 
tional Playground Association ; National 
Municipal League; American Civic Alli- 
ancf; American Statistical Association; 
-American Academy of Political and Social 
.*»cifnef; .American C/eographical Society; 

New England Educational League; Royal 
Society of Arts, London; appointed mem- 
ber Vermont state board of health 1896, 
his term expiring 191-4; has been secretary 
and executive officer 12 years; professor 
pathology and therapeutics University of 
Vermont 1873-86, trustee 1872-90, hon- 
orary degree A. M.; consulting surgeon 
]Mary Fletcher Hospital, Burlington; med- 
ical examiner Vermont Asylum for the 
Insane 1873-8; president Leland & Gray 
Seminary since 1897; member Brattleboro 
school board 25 years, chairman, 15; trus- 
tee Brooks Free Library; director Ver- 
mont National Bank; president Brattle- 
boro Gas Light Co. l6 years; president 
Brattleboro Home for the Aged and Dis- 
abled since its establishment. Is a Repub- 
lican; elected state Senate 1884; repre- 
sentative from Brattleboro to Legislature 
1888; delegate-at-large to National Re- 
publican convention, St. Louis, 1896; Ver- 
mont commissioner Nicaragua Canal Con- 
vention 1892, and one of Vermont's com- 
missioners at Chicago Columbian Exposi- 
tion, 1893. Is a Baptist; president Bap- 
tist State Convention; deacon First Bap- 
tist Church, Brattleboro, and trustee for 
several years. Member Vermont Society 
Sons of the American Revolution; presi- 
dent 1906; member Sons of Colonial 
Wars ; president Vermont Branch Red 
Cross Society; charter member Brattle- 
boro Lodge No. 102, F. & A. M., and 
treasurer for several years. 

HOOKER, Thomas Vernon, Goshen. 
Farmer and produce and stock dealer. 
Born Barry ville, Mich., Sept. 24, 1856; 
son of Joseph C. and Lucy E. (Scott) 
Hooker. Educated in the public schools 
of Goshen. In 1878 married Ella J. Over- 
beek of Goshen; they have two children, 
Hattie Joy and Earl Clarence. Became 
member of the firm of J. C. Hooker & 
Son, and successor to the business upon the 
death of his father in 1 901. Is a Repub- 
lican; represented Goshen in the Legisla- 
ture 1904; has been justice of the peace, 
deputy sheriff, town clerk, and has held 
other town offices. Member of St. Paul's 
Lodge No. 25, F. & A. M. ; Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows; and master of 
Mountain View Grange No. 451. 

HOPKINS, Harry Daniel, Water- 
bury. Physician and surgeon. Born Wa- 
terbury, Feb. 11, 1878; son of Charles 




Sumner and Lucia A. (Munn) Hopkins. 
Educated at Vermont Methodist Seminary, 
business course, 1894; Montpelier Semin- 
ary, preparatory course, graduating 1 897 ; 
Baltimore Medical College 1901; two 
years intern at Maryland General Hos- 
pital. In 1901 married Bessie Virginia 
Crane of Baltimore, Md. Began the prac- 
tice of medicine in Waitsfield; practiced 
later in Jericho Center; in 191O came to 
Waterbury, where he continues practice. 
Is independent in jDolitics. In religious 
belief a Methodist. Member of Masonic 
Fraternity; Modern Woodmen of America; 
Patrons of Husbandry; and Delta ^lu 

HORICAN, John, North Hero. Farm- 
er. Born North Hero, June 27, 1876; 
son of Giles and Helen (Hazen) Hori- 
can. Educated in the public schools of 
North Hero; Swanton High School, class 
of 1892. Studied law with Hon. A. A. 
Hall of St. Albans, 1894-6. In 1899 mar- 
ried Annie Tudhope of North Hero ; they 
have two children, Mark and Helen. Since 
I896 has engaged in buying and selling 
stock of all kinds and farm produce, also 
follows farming and stock raising. States 
attorney 1904-8. Member of Hill Chap- 
ter, R." A. M. 

HORTON, Charles Henry, St. Johns- 
bury. Purchasing agent for E. and T. 
Fairbanks. Born St. Johnsbury, March 
11, 1856; son of William Huse and Eliza- 
beth (Tinling) Horton. Educated at St. 
Johnsbury public schools. In 1910 mar- 
ried Bessie Ranlet of St. Johnsbury. After 
leaving school entered the scale factory 
of E. and T. Fairbanks & Co., St. Johns- 
bury; later transferred to their general 
store ; then to their office as assistant cash- 
ier; in 1886 made general purchasing 
agent, which position he still holds. Is a 
Republican ; has served on Republican 
town committee; has been justice of the 
peace, and is notary public. Member of 
the National Geographic Society, interest- 
ed in, and has written many articles on, 
natural history subjects. Member of the 
Congregational Church, and the Young 
Men's Christian Association; has served 
the latter organization as president. Mem- 
ber of Passumpsic Lodge No. 27, F. & 
A. M. ; past prelate Palestine Command- 
ery No. 5, K. T. 

HORTON, Guy Bertram, Burlington. 
Lawyer. Born North Clarendon, Dec. 1, 
1875; son of Bent Earl and Ella (Goold) 
Horton. Educated at Rutland English 
and Classical Institute, Rutland ; Middle- 
bury College, A. B. 19OO; A. M., 19OI; 
and University of Michigan College of 
Law. 1906. In 1901 married Florence 
Ida Bushee of Rutland. In charge of de- 
partment of political science and history, 
Middlebury College, 1902-3; compiled and 
edited, with Robert Roberts, the Vermont 
Digest 1901-2, 1903-10; compiled and ed- 
ited the Annotated Continuation of the 
Vermont Digest I9IO-II; compiled the 
Vermont Citations 1911; in law partner- 
ship with Henry B. ShaAV under the firm 
name of Shaw & Horton since 1911; lec- 
turer on law, Middlebury College, 1912; 
An independent Republican. Member of 
the Baptist Church. 

HOUGH, Arthur Hi-gh, White River 
Junction. Banker. Born Woodstock, Aug. 
28, 1882; son of Rev. Alfred James and 
Celia Elizabeth (Harrington) Hough. Ed- 
ucated in the public schools of Montpel- 
ier. Brattleboro and Hartford. In 1907 
married Elizabeth Irene Edson of West 
Lebanon, N. H. ; they have one daughter, 
Katherine Celia. Employee First National 
Bank of White River Junction since Sept. 
1, 1899, at present time its teller. A 
Republican; member of Hartford town 
committee. A Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber United Brethren Lodge No. 21. F. & 
A. M., and the Iroquois Club. 

HOUGHTON, Adin Marshall, Spring- 
field. Merchant. Born Williamsville, 
Sept. 13, 1885; son of George Alvin and 
Frances (Imogene) Houghton. Educated 
in the public schools, by private tutor, and 
took special course at Goddard Seminary, 
Barre. In 1907 married Edna Mae Finch 
of Brattleboro; they have one daughter, 
Frances Julia. Was in the employ of 
James Gilbert. Williamsville and Town- 
shend. for about three years; in 1905 with 
Houghton & Simonds. dry goods. Brattle- 
boro; since 1907 has had the management 
of a branch store of that firm in Spring- 
field. In 1904 enlisted in Co. I, 1st Ver- 
mont Regiment; enlistment expired 1907; 
in war maneuvers at Mt. Gretna, Pa., 
1906; Manassas, Va., 1905; and Fort 
Ethan Allen, near Burlington. 1907. Is 





a Republican. In religious belief a Bap- 
tist. Member of St. John's Lodge No. 25, 
F. di A. M. ; Skitchewaug Chapter No. 25, 
R. A. M.; and Springfield Council No. 
IS, R. & S. M. 

HOUGHTON. Frederick Lowell, 
Putney. Lawyer, editor, farmer. Born 
Aug. '24, 1859; son of Charles and Edna 
R. (Lowell) Houghton. Educated in Bos- 
ton public schools ; and Boston Univer- 
sity, B. L. 1884. In 1896 married Rose- 
marie McCullum of Boston, Mass., who 
died in 1899; they had two daughters, 
Gladys and Rosemarie. Practiced law in 
Boston 1884-94; breeder of thoroughbred 
Holstein cattle in Putney since 1880. His 
father was one of the pioneer breeders, 
establishing the second Holstein herd in 
America in 1866 on the farm in Putney, 
and was the first secretary of the Holstein 
Breeders' Association in America. Mr. 
Houghton has been editor and proprietor 
of the Holstein-Friesian Register, Brat- 
tleboro. since 1887; was secretary of the 
Holstein-Friesian Association of America 
1894; is honorary member of the Cana- 
dian Holstein-Friesian Association, and 
many state associations in the United 
States. Author of Holstein-Friesian Cat- 
tle, a history of the breed and its devel- 
opment in America, published 1887; edi- 
tor of the literary bureau of the Hol- 
stein-Friesian Association. Trustee Ver- 
mont Savings Bank, Brattleboro; director 
Brattleboro Trust Co. A Republican; 
represented Putney in the Legislature 
1900 and 1904; town moderator several 
years. An Episcopalian. Member of 
Golden Rule Lodge No. 32, F. & A. M., 
of Putney; the Order of Odd Fellows; 
Red Men; Vermont Wheel Club; Brattle- 
boro Board of Trade; and Vermont Bar 

HOULIHAN, Patrick J., Fair Haven. 
Clfrgyman. Born Cahirciveen, County of 
Kerry. Ireland ; son of James and Hanora 
(Healyj Houlihan. Came to this country 
when a child with his parents and settled 
in Westerly, R. I. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools of that place; took classical 
course at St. Charles College, Ellicott 
City. Md., and entered Grand Seminary, 
-Nrontrcal, P. Q., ordained to priesthood 
Dec. 2.3, 188.S. First work in priesthood 
was as assistant at St. Mary's Churcli, 
Brandon, rf rnaining there until Dec. 2^, 

1885, when he was appointed the first 
resident priest of Ludlow, attended from 
Ludlow, Springfield, Proctors ville and Mt. 
Holly; bought the property adjoining the 
Catholic Church' there and built the paro- 
chial residence; September, 1899^ was 
transferred to Poultney; built in 1901 the 
beautiful gothic church near the parochial 
residence on Main street; Oct. 23, 1907, 
appointed pastor of St. Mary's Church, 
Fair Haven; has made many improve- 
ments on the church property, notably in 
the church, new pews, hard wood floor, 
marble altar rail, marble pulpit and new 
side altars, and decorated the interior of 
the church. 

HOUSE, Elber B., Berlin. Farmer. 
Born Berlin, June 30, 1865; son of Elea- 
zer Hubbard and Philena (Benjamin) 
House. Educated in the public schools of 
Berlin and Barre Academy. In I89I mar- 
ried Emma M. Winslow of Brattleboro; 
they have two children, Mildred A. and 
Gertrude M. Attendant and later assist- 
ant supervisor of the Brattleboro Retreat 
1887-9; in 1890 engaged as salesman for 
the F. A. Davis Co., medical publishers, 
Philadelphia, Pa., traveling over territory 
from Maine to Kansas, and from Canada 
to Virginia; was general agent for the 
company five years, starting and training 
agents in the work; in 1905 resigned, and 
took up farming on the home farm, caring 
for his aged parents. Is a Republican; 
chairman of Republican town committee 
since 1908; represented Berlin in the Leg- 
islature 191O; moderator 19O8-II; select- 
man since 1907. Member 'of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows ; master of 
the Grange since 1909- 

HOVEY, Herbert W., St. Johnsbury. 
Lawyer. Born Waterford, Jan. 27, 1879; 
son of William M. and Lucy A. (Wash- 
burn) Hovey. Graduated from St. Johns- 
bury Academy 1895, Dartmouth College 
1901, and Boston University School of 
Law 1903. In I9O8 married Mabel E. 
Ross of St. Johnsbury. Was admitted to 
the Massachusetts Bar 1 903 ; the Ver- 
mont Bar 1904; has since been engaged 
in practice in St. Johnsbury. Is a Re- 
publican. In religious belief a Congrega- 

HOWARD, Charles Willard, Shore- 
ham. Physician. Born Windham, Dec. 




4, 1846; son of Willard and Sarah (Page) 
Howard. Fitted for college at Chester 
Academy; entered Middlebury College 
1868, and in 1872 the medical department 
of University of Vermont; studied medi- 
cine with Dr. Eddy of Middlebury; and 
took one year of hospital work at Hart- 
ford, Conn. In 1876 married Charlotte 
Naomi Douglas of Shoreham; they have 
one daughter, Florence Angelia (Mrs. 
Stowell R. Witherell). Located in Shore- 
ham in 1876, where he has since practiced 
his profession. A Republican; has served 
continuously as town clerk since 1881 ; 
was town treasurer; superintendent of 
schools 1 8 years ; was member of the short- 
lived county board of education; has been 
school director nine years ; represented 
Shoreham in the Legislature 1908, being 
elected without a dissenting vote; was one 
of the medical state license censors in 
1903. In religious preference a Congre- 
gationalist. Member of Delta Upsilon 
fraternity, Middlebury College. 

HOWARD, Harry Stinson, Burling- 
ton. Lawyer and general insurance agent. 
Born Washington, D. C, July 25, 1869; 
son of General Oliver O. and Elizabeth 
A. (Waite) Howard. Educated in the 
public schools at Omaha, Neb. ; high 
school, Omaha; attended University of 
Vermont, and graduated from law de- 
partment of New York University 1899^ 
with degree LL. B. Admitted to Vermont 
Bar 1900. In 1904 married Sue Emma 
Hertz of Burlington ; they have twin 
daughters, Harriet and Susan. Became 
messenger in the Commercial National 
Bank of Omaha at 15 years of age; pro- 
moted to clerk, and later entered the bank- 
ing house of S. A. Kean & Co., New York 
City, reaching the position of paying tel- 
ler at the age of 20. In 1894, on his 
father's retiring from active military serv- 
ice, went with him as his secretary to 
Burlington and remained with him until 
his death in 1909- He then opened a gen- 
eral insurance agency in Burlington, meet- 
ing with success from the first. Was cadet- 
captain of the 1st Artillery Regiment of 
the National Guard of California 1886-7, 
and member of Co. K, of the famous Sev- 
enth Regiment of New York from 1889- 
91. Is a Republican. A Congregation- 
alist ; deacon of the First Congregational 
Church of Burlington. Member of Sons 
of Veterans, Commandery of the Loyal 

Legion, treasurer of the Society of the 
Colonial Wars in Vermont, secretary of 
the Vermont Red Cross, and secretary of 
the Burlington Commercial Club; member 
of the Society of the Army of the Tennes- 
see, and Medal of Honor Men of the Uni- 
ted States. 

HOWARD, Leslie Wilson, White 
River Junction. Wholesale druggist. Born 
Perkinsville, Oct. 3, 1857; son of Syl- 
vander V. and Sarah (Wilson) Howard. 
Educated in the schools of Plattsburg, 
N. Y. In 1885 married Addie C. Norton 
of Middletown Springs ; they have two 
sons, McKay S., a graduate of Dartmouth 
and Yale ; and Leslie Wilson, Jr., a gradu- 
ate of Cushing Academy and Columbia 
University. Began business career as 
clerk in a store in Plattsburg, N. Y. ; was 
bookkeeper in a store in New York City ; 
and later paymaster for a business inter- 
est at Bridgeport, Conn. Was several 
years with A. W. Gray's Sons of Middle- 
town Springs. In 1895 formed the How- 
ard Drug Co. in White River Junction; 
in 1910 his son, Leslie W. Howard, Jr., 
was taken into the company. Is a Repub- 
lican; a Congregationalist. Member of 
United Brethren Lodge, F. & A. M., of 
White River Junction. 

HOWARD, Oliver Otis, late of Bur- 
lington. Major-General U. S. Army. Born 
Leeds, Me., Nov. 8, 1830; son of Row- 
land Bailey and Eliza (Otis) Howard; 
died Burlington, Oct. 26, 1909- Educated 
in the district schools, and Monmouth and 
Yarmouth (Me.) Academies; graduated 
from Bowdoin College 1850. In 1855 
married Elizabeth Ann Waite of Port- 
land, Me. ; they had seven children, Guy 
(Colonel U. S. A., killed in action in Phil- 
ippines), Grace (Mrs. James T. Gray), 
James W., Chancey Otis, John (Capt. U. 
S. Army), Harry S., and Elizabeth (Mrs. 
Joseph Bancroft). Graduated from the 
U. S. Military Academy at West Point 
1854; promoted 2nd lieutenant ordnance 
department and stationed at Watervliet 
Arsenal ; in command of Kennebec Arsenal 
1855; returned to Watervliet 1856; chief 
of ordnance to General Harney in the ojd- 
erations against the Seminole Indians in 
Florida ; instructor in mathematics in the 
Military Academy 1857-61 ; elected colonel 
3rd Maine Volunteers May, I86I; com- 
manded brigade consisting of the 3rd, 4th 




and 5th Maine and 2nd Vermont Regi- 
ments in the first battle of Bull Run; 
promoted brigadier-general of volunteers 
September, 1861 ; commanded a brigade of 
Pennsylvania. New York. Rhode Island 
and New Hampshire troops along theRap- 
ahannock and in the battles of Yorktown, 
Williamsburg, and Fair Oaks ; at the last 
battle was twice wounded, had two horses 
shot under him. and had his right arm 
amputated ; received medal of honor ; com- 
manded a brigade in the 2nd division of 
the 2nd corps of the Army of the Poto- 
mac in the second battle of Bull Run and 
at Antietam ; in the latter Battle took 
command of the division after the wound- 
ing of General Sedgwick, and continued 
in command at the battle of Fredericks- 
burg and during the winter 1 862-3 ; pro- 
moted major-general of volunteers Novem- 
ber. 1862; commanded the 11th army 
corps at the battle of Chancellorsville and 
Gettysburg; on the first day of Gettys- 
burg was in command of the Union Army 
on the field, and held the enemy in check 
mitil night ; was transferred to the Army 
of the Cumberland and engaged in the 
battles of Wauhatchie and Missionary 
Ridge; assigned to command the 4th corps, 
Army of the Cumberland, April, 1864, 
and took part in all the operations of the 
campaign that followed; after General 
McPherson's death was assigned to the 
command of the Army of the Tennessee, 
July, 1864; promoted brigadier-general, 
regular army, December, 1864; brevet ma- 
jor-general in the regular army March, 
1 86.5 ; commanded the right wing of Sher- 
man's army in the march to the sea and 
through the Carolinas ; after the war was 
assigned to duty in the war department 
as commissioner of the bureau of refugees, 
freedmen, and abandoned lands ; as such 
founded Howard University, Hampton In- 
stitute. Atlanta, Lincoln, Fisk, Straight, 
and other universities; appointed by Presi- 
dent Grant peace commissioner to treat 
with the Apache Indians 1872; command- 
ed the Department of the Columbia 1874- 
80, and conducted wars against the Nez 
Perce Indians 1877, and the Piutes and 
Bannocks 1878; superintendent U. S. 
Military Academv 1880-2; commanded the 
df i)artment of the Platte 1882-6; promoted 
major-general in the regular army March, 
1886"; commanded division of the Pacific 
1886-8; transferred to division of the At- 
lantic 1888, and continued in command 

until the military divisions were abolished ; 
then commanded the department of the 
East, with headquarters at Governors Is- 
land, N. Y., until his retirement by law 
1894. Organized the Lincoln Memorial 
University at Cumberland Gap, Tenn., 
1 895 ; for his work at Gettj^sburg he re- 
ceived the thanks of Congress 1863; re- 
ceived decoration of Legion of Honor from 
France in 1884; degrees of A. B. and 
A. M. from Bowdoin, and LL. D. from 
Bowdoin, Waterville College, Me., 1865, 
Shurtliffe College, Indiana, 1865, and Get- 
tjsburg Theological Seminary 1866. Gen- 
eral Howard was the author of many bio- 
graphical sketches, military articles, and 
articles of current interest; lectured on 
the lives of Grant, Sherman, Thomas, and 
Slocum, and was a public speaker in great 
demand. A Republican ; and a Congre- 
gationalist. Member of Union League 
Club of New York, Algonquin Club of 
Burlington, Loyal Legion, and many mili- 
tary and civic societies. 

HOWARD, Walter Eugene, Middle- 
bury. Dean and college professor. Born 
Tunbridge, May 29, 1849; son of Wil- 
liam Bickford and Louisa (Cilley) How- 
ard; died Middlebury, April 12,' 1912. 
Educated in the Springfield Wesleyan 
and Leland and Gray Seminaries, Mid- 
dlebury College, class of 1871, and 
Oxford University. In 1902 married 
Maud A. Stevens of Middlebury. Ad- 
mitted to Bar in Wisconsin 1873, and 
Vermont Bar 1878. Principal of State 
Normal School, Castleton, 1876-8; prac- 
ticed law in Milwaukee, Wis., 1873-5; 
Fair Haven 1881-9; professor of political 
science and history, Middlebury College, 
since 1889; dean since 1909- Is a Re- 
publican; senator from Rutland County 
1882; U. S. consul at Toronto, Ont., 
1883-5; Cardiff, Wales, 1892-3; repre- 
sented J'air Haven in the Legislature 
1888; normal school examiner, supervisor, 
and commissioner 1893-1908; member of 
the State Board of Education since 1908. 
Member of the Phi Beta Kappa and Delta 
Upsilon fraternities, and the American 
Society of International Law. 

HOWARD, Warren Joel, Waitsfield. 
Physician. Born Tully, N. Y., Oct. 22, 
1876; son of John W. and Emma (Walk- 
er) Howard. Educated at Tully High 
School, Canandaigua Academy, and Uni- 

-^ O^^c L iir<n4rt_^ 




versity of Vermont College of Medicine. 
In 1907 married Lena Everett of Bur- 
lington. Previous to entering college was 
teacher of public schools in New York 
State; began practice of medicine at Rox- 
bury, July, 1906; in February, ipil, re- 
moved to Waitsfield. A Republican; post- 
master Bromley, N. Y., 1899-1903; town 
superintendent of schools in Roxbury 
1907-8; represented Roxbury in the Leg- 
islature 1910. A Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber of Valley Lodge, Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. 

HOWE, Frank Edmund, Bennington. 
Editor and publisher. Born Heath, 
Mass., Oct. 2, 1870; son of Edmund Perry 
and Laura (Worden) Howe. Educated 
in the district schools, and West Brattle- 
boro Academy. In 1895 married Flora 
Cummins of Montpelier; they have two 
children, Edmund Perry and Paul Cum- 
mins. Learned printer's trade at Brattle- 
boro in office of Brattleboro Reformer; be- 
came reporter for that paper; later re- 
porter for Montpelier Argus ; did news- 
paper work at Rensselaer, N. Y., and at 
Palm Beach, Fla. ; was first editor of 
Montpelier Daily Record, which after- 
wards became the Montpelier Daily Jour- 
nal; sub-editor of Barre Daily Times 
three years; in 1902 bought two weekly 
papers at Bennington; consolidated them, 
and founded the Bennington Evening Ban- 
ner; has been editor and publisher of 
same since 1903. Is a Republican; rep- 
resented Bennington in the Legislature 
19O8 and 1910 ; chosen speaker of the 
House 1910 ; was presidential elector on 
Republican ticket in 1908, and was chosen 
messenger to take Vermont electoral vote 
to Washington. Has served several years 
as trustee Bennington graded school dis- 
trict; member of board of directors Ben- 
nington Public Library. Is an Episco- 
palian; vestryman of St. Peter's church, 
Bennington, for several years; has been 
one of the delegates from that parish to 
the diocesan conventions. Member of the 
Masonic fraternity, the Order of Elks, 
Grange, Eagles, Sons of Veterans, and the 
Bennington Club ; honorary member G. A. 
R., and of the Bennington fire department, 
in which he has served as president and 

HOWE, Frank L., Northfield. Mar- 
ble and granite dealer. Born Northfield, 

March 20, 1859; son of Elhanan Win- 
chester and Pamelia Jane (Soper) Howe. 
Educated at Northfield High School; en- 
tered preparatory department Norwich 
University January, 1875, and the regular 
scientific course in September, 1876, re- 
maining until December, 1879, when he 
was honorably discharged ; was a musi- 
cian and corporal in the corps of cadets ; 
member of Alpha Sigma Phi fraternity; 
degree of B. S. conferred by the univer- 
sity in 1880. In 1881 married Lillian 
Emogene Moore of South Dorset; they 
have two children, Harold Moore (Nor- 
wich University, class of 1905) and Mur- 
iel Lillian (Mrs. Earl L. Bean). Has 
engaged in the marble and granite busi- 
ness in Northfield since 1881, as a mem- 
ber of the firm of F. L. Howe & Co. En- 
listed in Co. F, 1st Regiment Infantry, 
V. N. G., in 1875; was promoted 1st ser- 
geant, 2nd and 1st lieutenant, and cap- 
tain ; on breaking out of Spanish- American 
war he was the senior captain in the regi- 
ment; was mustered into the U. S. serv- 
ice as senior captain of the 1st Regiment, 
Vermont Volunteers, May 16, 1898; 
served with his regiment at Camp Thom- 
as, Chickamauga Park, Ga. ; mustered out 
of service Oct. 26, 1898, resuming his 
former office in the V. N. G. ; was pro- 
moted major and lieutenant-colonel, and at 
his own request placed upon the retired 
list in 1909, having served 34 years. Is 
a Republican; has been deputy sheriff of 
Washington County; and trustee of vil- 
lage of Northfield; a trustee of Norwich 
University since 1892; and member of the 
board of directors of Northfield graded 
and high school since 1902. Member of 
the Episcopal Church; vestryman and sen- 
ior warden for several years. Past master 
of De Witt Clinton Lodge No. 15, F. & 
A. M., of Northfield; and member of Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America. 

HOWE, Harland B., St. Johnsbury. 
Lawyer. Born St. Johnsbury, Feb. 19, 
1873; son of Worcester C. and Rosaline 
(Bradley) Howe. Educated at Lyndon 
Institute ; University of Michigan, law de- 
partment, graduated 189'i. In 1900 mar- 
ried Maybelle J. Kelsey of St. Johnsbury; 
they have four daughters, Josephine E., 
Barbara J., Matilda A., and Harriet B. 
Began the practice of law at St. Johns- 
bury November, 1894, continuing to date. 
A Democrat; represented St. Johnsbury 




in the Legislature 1908. An attendant of 
the Methodist Church. 

HOWE, Hermox T. J., Waitsfield. 
Physician. Born Northfield, July 24, 
1850; son of Arah H. and Matilda (Jen- 
ness) Howe. Graduated from University 
of Vermont, medical department, 1877. In 
1876 married Lucy S. Bailey of North- 
field; they have two children, George A. 
and Editli O. Engaged in the practice of 
medicine at Waitsfield. A Republican. A 
Methodist. Member of Mad River Lodge 
Xo. 77, F. & A. M., worthy master five 
years; Waterbury Chapter No. 24, R. A. 
M.; Mt. Zion Commandery No. 9, K. T., 
of Montpelier; Mt. Sinai Temple, Mystic 
Shrine, of Montpelier; Valley Lodge No. 
16, I. O. O. F., of Waitsfield; and Wash- 
ington County Medical Society. 

HOWE, John Caleb, Brattleboro. Pho- 
tographer. Born Dover, May l6, 1849; 
son of Caleb Lysander and Martha Batch- 
elder (Simonds) Howe. Educated at Brat- 
tleboro High School. In 1872 married 
Florence Juliet Fisher of Newfane; they 
have an adopted daughter, Florence Juliet 
Bowen. niece of Mrs. Howe. Has been 
photographer at Brattleboro since 1868. 
A Republican. A Congregationalist. Mem- 
ber of Brattleboro Lodge No. 102, F. & 
A. M.; a Knights Templar; member Mt. 
Sinai Temple, Mystic Shrine; the Red 
Men; Vermont Wheel Club and Automo- 
bile Association. 

HOWES, Phil Sheridan, Montpelier. 
Insurance clerk. Born Northfield, July 
28, 1875; son of Edward H. and Susan S. 
(Putney) Howes. Educated in North- 
field public schools and Norwich Univer- 
sity. In 1898 married Alice Lunnie of 
Maple Grove, P. Q. ; they have two chil- 
dren, Harold Lunnie and Mildred Burr. 
Taught school previous to 1901, when he 
became connected with the actuarial de- 
partment of the National Life Insurance 
Co. Is a collector of publications relating 
to the history of Vermont. Served as cor- 
poral Co. F, 1st Regiment Infantry, Ver- 
mont Volunteers, in the war with Spain, 
1 898 ; for seven years was a member of 
the National Guard of Vermont. Is a 
Democrat ; bas taken an active part in the 
affairs of the Democratic party in the 
.state; a member of the Democratic state 
committee since 1908. Is a Universalist. 

A member of Aurora Lodge, No. 22, F. & 
A. M.; United Spanish War Veterans; 
and Vermont Historical Society. 

HOWLAND, Frank George, Barre. 
Banker. Born Boston, Massachusetts, 
August 27, 1863; son of George 
and Angeline (Buzzell) Howland. Edu- 
cated in the public schools of East 
Montpelier, and Montpelier Seminary 
1884. In 1888 married Mary Wells 
of Barre; they had one daughter, Doris 
Irene, who died in infancy. Teller Na- 
tional Bank of Barre 1885; cashier Janu- 
ary, 1887; president 1907 and since. In- 
corporator Barre Savings Bank and Trust 
Co., 1893, and treasurer since its organi- 
zation; incorporator Barre and Montpel- 
ier Traction and Power Co., and served as 
its treasurer several years; incorporator 
People's Lighting, Heating and Power 
Co. and served as treasurer several years; 
trustee French's Barre Library; incor- 
porator and president Granite Mutual In- 
surance Co. ; trustee Barre City Hospital, 
and one of the founders. It has been said 
of Mr. Howland: "In whatever assembly 
he is found, he represents the solid sense 
of the meeting." A Republican; repre- 
sented Barre in the Legislature 1892; 
chairman Republican city committee for 
past ten years; justice of the peace for 
past 20 years; senator from Washington 
County 1906, chairman of committee on 
banks ; member board of civil authority 
for more than 20 years, serving as its 
chairman most of the time. An Episco- 
palian; vestryman and warden Church of 
the Good Shepherd, Barre; lay deputy to 
general convention at Richmond, Va., 

HOWLAND, Fred Arthur, Montpel- 
ier. Insurance. Born Franconia, N. H., 
Nov. 10, 1864; son of Moses Nathan and 
Sylvia Ann (Shipman) Howland. Edu- 
cated at Phillips-Andover Academy, and 
Dartmouth College, class of 1887. In 
September, 1894, married Rena Forbush 
of Lancaster, N. H., who died in October 
of the same year; in 1899 married Mar- 
garet Louise Dewey of Montpelier; they 
have four daughters, Louise Dewey, Syl- 
via Ann, Susan Griggs, and Emily Ship- 
man. wStudied law with Hon. William P. 
Dillingham, Waterbury, 1887-90; admit- 
ted to Vermont Bar October, 1890; in 
January, 1891, began practice of law in 





Minneapolis, Minn. ; in November of the 
same year returned East and entered the 
office of Oscar Ray, Lancaster, N. H. ; in 
1892 went to Montpelier and became a 
member of the law firm of Dillingham, 
Huse & Rowland, continuing until the 
death of Mr. Huse in September, 1902, 
when the firm was dissolved ; in the early 
part of 1903 he gave up the general prac- 
tice of law to become counsel of the Na- 
tional Life Insurance Co., and in 1909 
was made vice-president of that company, 
which position he now holds. A Republi- 
can; secretary of civil and military affairs 
1888-90; clerk of the House of Represen- 
tatives 1896-8, and states attorney Wash- 
ington County during the same period ; 
secretary of state 1898-1902; member of 
state board of library commissioners 1894- 
1902; in 1910 chairman of the commis- 
sion appointed to submit a revision of the 
banking laws of the state. 

HUBBARD, George A., Guildhall. 
County clerk. Born Guildhall, Sept. 10, 
1850; son of John and Susan (Massure) 
Hubbard. Educated in the public schools 
of Guildhall and Lunenburg, and Essex 
County Grammar School. In 1871 mar- 
ried Ida Manning of Guildhall; they have 
one daughter, Addie M., and an adopted 
daughter, Ethel May Kane. In 1869 
purchased a farm in Guildhall which he 
carried on until October, 1892, when he 
received the appointment of county clerk, 
which office he holds to the present time. 
Is a Republican; has held various town 
offices. In religious belief a Methodist. 
Member and treasurer of Benton Lodge 
No. 88, F. & A. M.; and member of the 

HUBBARD, Herbert James, Lyndon- 
ville. Ticket agent. Born Lyndon, Oct. 
16, 1870; son of Charles K. and Nancy 
E. (Dickerman) Hubbard. Educated at 
Lyndon Institute, Lyndon Center. In 
1909 married Minnie Brown Wilmot of 
Lyndonville. Was postmaster and con- 
ducted a general store at Lyndon Center 
1897-1902. Since 1903 in employ of 
Boston & Maine R. R. at division offices 
at Lyndonville as clerk, assistant ticket 
agent, and ticket agent since 1909;. elect- 
ed electric light commissioner 191O for 
three years. Is a Republican. An at- 
tendant of the Congregational Church. 
Member of Lyndon Club of Lyndonville. 

HUBBARD, Walter E., Brattleboro. 
Editor and publisher. Born Guilford, 
June 6, 1867; son of John E. and Mary 
L. (Smith) Hubbard. Graduate from 
Brattleboro High School 1885. In 1889 
married Linna A. Thwing of Putney ; they 
have one daughter, Dorothy L. Learned 
printer's trade in office of the Vermont 
Phoenix; local editor of that paper 1888- 
95; managing editor 1895-1910; editor, 
publisher, and pi-oprietor since March 1, 
1910. Is a Republican; has taken an 
active part in the affairs of the Republi- 
can party; has been secretary of county, 
congressional district, and state conven- 
tions. In religious belief a Universalist. 
A member of Columbian Lodge No. 36, 
F. & A. M.; Fort Dummer Royal Arch 
Chapter; Connecticut Valley Council; 
Beauseant Commandery, Knights Tem- 
plar; Windsor Lodge of Perfection, An- 
cient Accepted Scottish Rite; Mt. Sinai 
Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine; 
Vermont Wheel Club; Brattleboro Board 
of Trade; past master Columbian Lodge, 
and past prelate Beauseant Commandery. 

HULBURD, Roger W., Hyde Park. 
Lawyer. Born Waterville, Oct. 22, 1856; 
son of Benjamin F. and Juliana M. (Mil- 
ler) Hulburd. Educated at People's Acad- 
emy, Morrisville; University of Vermont, 
and Albany Law School. In 1884 mar- 
ried Mabel J. Noyes of Hyde Park; they 
have four children, Agnes D., Marjorie 
J., Emily G., and Benjamin N. Principal 
of Lamoille Central Academy, Hyde Park, 
1882-6; admitted to Vermont Bar 1887, 
and began practice of law at Hyde Park, 
continuing to date; trustee of Lamoille 
County Savings Bank & Trust Co. for 
past 10 years; president of Hyde Park 
Warehouse Co. for same time. A Repub- 
lican; postmaster Hyde Park during Har- 
rison's administration ; states attorney for 
Lamoille County 1894-6; senator from La- 
moille County I896; represented Hyde 
Park in the Legislature 1 906-8; chairman 
of board of trustees of Vermont Indus- 
trial School 1896-1 906; member of penal 
board 1906-IO; delegate to Republican na- 
tional convention, Chicago, 1908. An at- 
tendant of the Congregational Church. 
Member of Mt. Vernon Lodge No. 8, F. 
& A. M.; Lamoille Commandery; Mt. 
Sinai Temple, Mystic Shrine; Bliss Lodge 
No. 44, I. O. O. F.. and Algonquin Club 
of Burlington. 




HUMPHREY. Charles Whitlock, 
Poultney. Editor. Born Poultney, Jan. 
1. 1870; son of Robert J. and Cordelia 
(Drake) Humphrey. Educated in the 
public schools. In 1895 married Jennie 
M. Edwards of Poultney; they have two 
daughters, Frances Millicent and Louise 
Edwards. Clerk in post-office 1885-89; 
assistant postmaster from 1893 for two 
rears, retiring because of illness; in the 
drug business from 1897-1901, disposing 
of the same and purchasing the Poultney 
Journal in February, 1902, following the 
death of his father, who established the 
Journal in 1873. A Republican; member 
of Republican town committee for several 
years. An Episcopalian; vestryman for 
10 years; secretary of the vestry, and 
clerk of the parish for six years; choir- 
master most of the time since 1893. Is 
one of the leading musicians of the sec- 
tion, having great success in quartet and 
chorus work. ^Member of Morning Star 
Lodge No. 37, F. & A. M.; Poultney Chap- 
ter No. 10, R. A. M.; Poultney Grange 
No. 289; organist in the two former for 
ten years ; musical director in Grange sev- 
eral years. 

HUXT, George L., Island Pond. Law- 
yer. Born Moosup, Conn., July 23, 1878; 
son of Rev. George AV. and Sarah A. 
(Crawford) Hunt. Educated in the pub- 
lic schools, Brockton High School, Brock- 
ton. Mass., and Brown University, class 
of 1900. In 1903 married Mabel A. Ford 
of Mclndoe Falls; they have one daugh- 
ter, Eleanor C. Deputy clerk, Caledonia 
County Court, St. Johnsbury, 1900-3; 
admitted to Vermont Bar, 1 903 ; began 
practice at Enosburg Falls; 1904-5 as- 
sistant secretary of state at Montpelier; 
since 1905 has practiced law at Island 
Pond ; state's attorney for Essex County 
1908-10; referee in bankruptcy, 1908. Is 
a Republican. Second lieutenant, Rhode 
Island militia, 1898-9. Church prefer- 
ence, Methodist Episcopal. Member of 
Grange ; Knights of Pythias ; and Delta 
Tan Delta fratf-rnity. 

HUXTON, AcGisTcs Pixgry, Bethel. 
Lawyrr. Born Groton, N. H., Feb. 23, 
1816; died June 20, 1911; son of Dr. 
Ariel and Polly (Pingry) Hunton. Edu- 
cated at the public schools at Hyde Park; 
studifd law with Hon. Joshua Sawvcr, 
Hvde Park. Hon. Win. C. Wilson, Ba- 

kersfield, and Hon. Wm. M. Pingry, 
Waitsfield. In 1849 married Caroline 
Paige of Bethel; they had two children, 
Mary and Albert (deceased). Admitted 
to Vermont Bar 1837; began practice of 
law at Stockbridge Common; in 1838 re- 
moved to Bethel; entered into partnership 
with Hon. Julius Converse; had as part- 
ners at different times Hon. Perley C. 
Jones, Allen P. Dudley, Romanzo Walk- 
er, Dudley C. Blodgett, Daniel F. Wey- 
mouth, Moulton J. Gilman, and Hon. Wm. 

B. C. Stickney. Was a Republican; rep- 
resentative six times from the town of 
Bethel in the House of Representatives ; 
twice senator from Windsor County; 
speaker of the House in I860 and 1861, 
and presided over that body at extra ses- 
sion of April, 1861, summoned to provide 
for national defence; during the Civil 
War was superintendent of recruiting for 
Windsor County; in 1864 was delegate 
to Republican national convention which 
nominated Abraham Lincoln. 

HURD, Archibald Clifton, White 
River Junction. County Y. M. C. A. 
secretary. Born Pawling, N. Y., July 
20, 1881; son of John H. and Mittie A. 
(Waite) Hurd. Educated at Danby pub- 
lic schools, under private tutors, and at 
Silver Bay summer school; examined and 
recommended for deacon's orders in Meth- 
odist Church; licensed to preach 1900. 
In 1905 married Cora Philips Minkler of 
Philmont, N. Y. ; they have one son, Allan 
Campbell. General secretary Derby and 
Shelton (Conn.) Y. M. C. A. 1897-8; as- 
sistant secretary Bridgeport (Conn.) Y. 
M. C. A. 1899-1901; general secretary 
Philmont (N. Y.) Y. M. C. A. 1901-2; 
general secretary Claremont, N. H., 1902- 
3; special secretary Brooklyn (N. Y.) 
Naval Y. M. C. A. 1903-6; County Y. M. 

C. A. secretary, Windsor, 1906 to date. 
Independent Rej^ublican. Member Associ- 
ation Employed Officers' Society. In 1911 
inaugurated agriculture extension work for 
boys in Windsor County; Vermont "Get- 
together" dinner, with Col. Theodore 
Roosevelt as special guest, June 7, 1911; 
first state corn show, November, 1911; 
state fair public service work, I9O8 to 
date ; -annual county play festivals. 

HUSBAND, William Walter, Wash- 
ington, D. C. United States immigration 
service. Born Highgate, Sept. 2.9, 1871; 




son of George and Mary (Hogan) Hus- 
band. Educated in the public schools and 
P'ranklin and St. Johnsbury Academies. 
In 1903 married Agnes M. Bullard of St. 
Johnsbury; they have one son, Richard 
Fenton. Assistant postmaster St. Johns- 
bury 1896-8; reporter St. Johnsbury 
Caledonian 1900-2; managing editor 
Montpelier Daily Journal 1902-3; pri- 
vate secretary to Senator William P. Dil- 
lingham and clerk of United States Sen- 
ate committee on immigration 1903-7; 
executive secretary United States Immi- 
gration Commission 1907-11. A Republi- 
can. An attendant of the Congregational 
Church. Member of Vermont Historical 
Society; American Academy of Political 
and Social Science; American Statistical 
Association; American Economic Associa- 
tion; Apollo Lodge No. 2, Knights of 
Pythias, St. Johnsbury; president Ver- 
mont State Association of the District 
of Columbia, 1912. Legal address, St. 

HUTCHINSON, William W., Enos- 
burg Falls. Physician and town clerk. 
Born Enosburg, Feb. 15, 1850; son of Dr. 
William R. and Celinda C. (Smith) 
Hutchinson. Educated in the public 
schools and Montpelier Seminary ; was 
graduated with degree of M. D. from 
Universit}^ of Vermont 187^. In 1874 
married Mary E. Stone of Johnson; she 
died 1905; they had one son, W^illiam 
Selden; in 1906 married Elizabeth R. 
Chapman of Enosburg Falls. In 1874 
began practice of medicine at Enosburg 
Center, succeeding to his father's prac- 
tice; in 1896 removed to Enosburg Falls, 
where he has since been engaged in prac- 
tice. Is a Republican; represented Enos- 
burg in the Legislature 1882; town clerk 
since 1875; town treasurer since 1900. In 
religious belief a Congregationalist. 

IDE, Henry Clay, St. Johnsbury. 
Jurist, diplomat. Born Barnet, Sept. 18, 
1844; son of Jacob and Lodoska (Knight) 
Ide. Educated at St. Johnsbury Academy; 
graduate of Dartmouth College as vale- 
dictorian, 1866; LL. D. 1900; Tufts Col- 
lege 1903. In 1871 married Mary M. 
Melcher of Stoughton, Mass., who died in 
1892; they had four children, Adelaide 
M. (deceased), Annie L. (Mrs. Bourke 
Cockran of New York), Harry J. (de- 
ceased), and Marjory M. Principal St. 

Johnsbury Academy 1866-8; head master 
Cotting High School, Arlington, Mass., 
1868-9; studied law with Judge B. H. 
Steele, St. Johnsbury, and admitted to 
Vermont Bar 1870; began practice in St. 
Johnsbury 1871; formed partnership with 
Hon. H. C. Belden 1873; succeeded by 
Ide & Stafford, 1884; this partnership was 
succeeded by Ide & Quimby in 1890, and 
that was dissolved in 1892; admitted to 
U. S. supreme court 1890. Director First 
National Bank of St. Johnsbury, and trus- 
tee Passumpsic Savings Bank; also direc- 
tor Ely Hoe and Fork Co.; Jacksonville 
(Ala.) Oil Mill Co.; Tr