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Full text of "The English ancestry of Peter Talbot of Dorchester, Mass."

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REYNOLDS HICTORICAL 
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THE ENGLISH ANCESTRY 

OF 

PETER TALBOT 

OF 

DORCHESTER. MASS. 



COMPILED FOR 

EMILY TALBOT WALKER 

A DESCENDANT OF PETER -j'ALBOT 

BY 

J. GARDNER BAKTLETT 






PRIVATELY PRINTED 
. BOSTON, MASS, 
1917 



£7 



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1713553 



FOREWORD 

"And if his name be George, I'll call lum Peter." 

— King John, Act 1, Scene 1. 

This volume presents the rcsislts of extensive investigations 
made in England and Anieriea by tlie compiler, J. Gardner 
Bartlctt, vrliicli, it is claimed, establish the identity of Peter 
Talbot, the early New England colonist, with George Talbot, 
son of the George Talbot \\'ho was the last of the Talbots of 
Carr Hall, Lancasiihe, l^higland. 



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.V.I 






THE TALBOT PEDIGREE 

". . . the Talbot, so much fear'd abroad 
That with his name the mothers still their babes." 

—Hcury VI., Part .?, Act 2, Seem S. 

1. LE SIRE' TALEBOT is among the names inscribed on 
the "Roll of Battle Abbey", and so he is claimed to have been 
among the Norman knights who accompanied William the Con- 
queror in his invasion of England in 1066 and fonglit in the 
momcntons battle of Hastings or Senlac. On this battlefield the 
Conqueror later founded and erected a vast monastery, as a 
memorial of his victory and as a chantry for his companions, 
v-'hich was called Battle Abbey; and in this monastery was pre- 
served for centiu'ies a roll cf several hundred ntmies of his prin- 
cipal followers. There has been much controversy as to the 
antiquity and authenticity of this famous roll; but in the main 
the list of names can be shown to be correct from eviderice? 
contemporaneous with the. Conquest, although doubtless some 
names were inter])olated at a period many generations later. 
(See "The ]3attle Abbey Roll" by the Dnclicss of Cleveland, 
vol. 1, p. V. and vol. 3, p. 1G4; also "The Roll of Battle Abbey" 
in the "New England Historical and Genealogical Register", 
vol. 2, p. 35.) 

It is thought by some v>Tilers that the Talcbots were derived 
from a junior line of the Comtes d'Eu in Norm.andy, as the coot 
of arms of this noble house {barrij of ten) was similnr to tliat 
originally borne by the early Talebots hi England {bendy of itii). 
Furthermore, the Talebot naine is first found on record in con- 
nection with Eu and vicinity in Normandy. As early as lOSo 
Hugh Talebot and Gilljert, Comte d'Eu, api>ear on a cliarter 
to Trinito du Mont, Rouen, Norniandy; and a generation later 
William Taleboi appears in the foundation charter in 1057 by 
Robert, Comte d'Eu, of tlu; Abbey of Tre])ort near Eu, Nor- 
mandj'. It is very jiossible lint! this William Talebot is the 



person referred to as "Le Sire Talebot" on the Battle Abbey 
Roll, and that he was a knightly retainer of one of the great 
feudal Norman barons who accompanied William the Con- 
queror in the invasion of England. (See "The Battle Abbey 
Roll", by the Duchess of Cleveland, vol. 3, p. 164.) 

Le Su-e^ Talbot is claimed to have been father of at least two 
sons: 

2. i. RichaedS b. probably about 1050. 

ii. Geoffrey; held lands as undertenant in County Essex, as 
appears in the Domesday survey in 1085. (See "A General 
Introduction to Domesday Book" by Sir Henry Ellis, vol. 
2, p. 393.) 

2. RICHARD- TALEBOT, born m Normandy about 1050, 
was the ancestor of the celebrated historical Talbot family of 
England. (See Burke's "Landed Gentry" for 18o0, vol. 1, 
p. 740; Burke's "Peerage" for 1904, p. 1411; and Dugdale's 
"Baronage", vol. 1, p. 325.) 

After the conquest, William the Conqueror divided most of 
the land in England among the monasteries and his chief feudal 
barons who held their possessions in capite or directly of the 
King; and they in turn parcelled out their possessions among the 
lesser Normans as undertenants who owned and occupied the 
lands under "knight's fees" or obligations to render military 
ser\^ce to their respective barons, according to the feudal custom 
of the age. In 1085, a great survey and census was made of the 
whole of England, showing the baronial possessions, names of the 
undertenants, and extent and value of estates, etc.; the results 
were incorporated into two great volumes called "Domesday 
Book", the original being still preserved in the Public Record 
Office in London; it established the foundation of all titles to 
land in England, and its authority has never been allowed to 
be called m question. Domesday shows that in 1085 there were 
about fourteen hundred feudal barons who held great estates 
in capite, and about eight thousand lesser landholders as under- 
tenants, among whom Richard- Talebot held a manor in Battles- 
den, Bedfordshire, containing eight carucates of arable land 
and an equal amount of meadow, as undertenant to Walter 
Giffard, feudal Earl of Buckingham, and proprietor of over one 
hundred lordships or manors in various parts of England. A 
carucate was an area of land considered capable of cultivation 
by one caruca or plowteam of four oxen yoked abreast, and 
averaged about ninety modern acres; so the estate in Battlesden 



.i:.l .* 



occupied by Richard^ Talebot comprised about fifteen hundred 
acres. (See "A General Introduction to Domesday Book", 
vol. 2, pp. 511 and 393; "Digest of the Domesday of Bedford- 
shire", p. 54; and Burke's "Peerage" for 1904, p. 14,11.) 

Richard^ Talebot married, about 1080, a daughter of Hugh^ 
de Gournay by Basilia daughter of Gerard Flaitel; and sister 
(not daughter, as commonly stated) of Gerard^ de Gournay, 
feudal Baron of Yarmouth. (See the "Ecclesiastical History 
of Normandy and England", by Ordericus VitaUs [a monk 
who lived from 1075 to 1142], Forester's edition, vol. 3, p. 45:2; 
Ordericus here states that Hugh^ son of Richard^ Talebot, was 
"nepos" of Hugh^ de Gournay; a careful study of the Gournay, 
Mowbray, Albini, and Talbot families shows, that the word 
"nepos" was here used in the sense of "cousin" and not» 
"nephew," as writers have generally assumed.) 
Children: 
3. i. Geoffrey^ b. about 1080. 

u. Hugh, b. about 1085; in 1118 was in a rebellion raised by his 
cousin Hugh' de Gournay against King Henry I.; ancestor 
of the Talbots, Earls of Shrewsbury. (See Burke's "Peer- 
age" for 1904, p. 411; Ordericus Vitalis, vol. 3, p. 45'2, as 
above.) lie was erroneously claimed to be ancestor of the 
Talbots of Bashall, co. York, in a pedigree of that Talbot 
family compiled in 16G6 by Christopher Townley, an eminent 
Lancashire antiquarian; and this error has been repeated by 
some later historians and genealogists. (For an account of 
the descendants of Hugh^ Talebot, see Appendix I., pp. 85-87.) 

3. GEOFFREY^ TALEBOT, born in England about 1080, 
with his kinsman Gilbert de Lacy, was an ardent partisan of 
Queen Matilda* in her rightful claim to the throne of England, 
which was usurped by her cousin Stephen m 1135, upon the 
death of her father Henry L In 1139 she landed in England 
with a retinue of noblemen adherents, and the feudal barons of 
the western counties of England rallied to her standard. King 
Stephen dispatched armies against them, and defeated one of 
her forces in Herefordshire which was commanded by Geoffrey^ 
Talebot. (See Hume's "History of England", edition of 1795, 
vol. 1, pp. 267-8, and Smollett's "History of England", second 
edition vol. 2, p. 41.) After the civil war had continued several 

♦ Daughter and only surviving legitimate child of Henry I., King of 
England, and wife successively of Henry V., King of Germany, and of 
Geoffrey Plantagenet, Comte d' Anjou. 



years with varying success, Matilda was driven out of England 
in 1148 and retired to Norm-andy; but a compromise was effected 
that thereafter King Stephen should reign undisturbed for life 
and on his death Henry Plantagenet, son of Matilda, should 
succeed to the tlu-one of England, which he did on the death 
of King Stephen in 1154. (See Hume's "History of England", 
vol. 1, p. 273.) 

Geoffrey^ Talebot married Agnes . . ' 

Children: 

i. Geoffrey^. ■ ' 

4. ii. William, b. about 1110. 

4. WILLLVjNI^ talebot, born about 1110, was associated 
•with his father and their kinsman Gilbert de Lacy on the side 
of Queen Matilda in the civil war with King Stephen, men- 
tioned above. Li 1139 he was in command of a force which 
held Hereford Castle for Matilda. (See "Visitation of York- 
shire 1666", p. 236, and "Historia Majora" by Matthew Paris, 
vol. 2, p. 167.) Later he was enfeoffed by his second-cousin. 
Baron Roger de ISIowbray, in two knight's fees of the manor of 
Gainsborough, co. Lincoln, which he is recorded as holding in 
1167. (See "Visitation of Yorkshire 1666", p. 236, and "Lists 
of Knight's Fees in the County of Lincoln, 14 Henry H.") 
In 1174 the estates of Roger de Mowbray were confiscated by 
King Henry IL on account of the former's participation in an 
attempted revolution under Prince Henry, eldest son of the 
sovereign; and although Baron Mowbray was eventually par- 
doned and had some of his estates restored to him, the Manor of 
Gainsborough was granted by the King, in capite, to another 
feudal baron, Henry de Lacy, who also had William^ Talebot 
as undertenant. (See Burke's "Extinct Peerage" for 1866, 
p. 386, and Stark's "History of Gainsborough", pp. 110-113.) 
Shortly afterwards, in some manner not ascertained, Wilham-' 
Talebot became possessed in capite of the IManor of Gainsbor- 
ough, as in 22 Henry II. (1176) he appears as lord of that manor 
and paid a fine of 2 marks to the King for privilege of hunting in 
the royal forest of Knaresborough. (See "Nova Placitia et 
Conventiones pro com. Ebor, ex Rot. Pipae", 22 Henry IL; 
also "Visitation of Yorkshire 1666", p. 236.) He died a few 
years later, but the exact year has not been determined. The 
name of his wife is unknown. 

Heir: 

5. i. WiLLLVM', b. about 1140. 



iK.ji' h 



5. WILLIAM^ TALEBOT, born about 1140, succeeded his 
father as lord of the Manor of Gainsborough, co. Lincohi, on 
the death of the latter toward the end of the reign of Henry II. 
(1154-1189). In 118G he held lands in Yorkshire of William de 
Warren, p]arl of Surrey. In 1190-1192 he took part in the 
third crusade to Palestine against the Saracens, serving in the 
army of Richard I., Coeur de Lion, King of England, and 
participated in the glories of the siege of Acres and the great 
battle of Ascalon. On starting upon this expedition, he made a 
grant to the church of Gainsborough for his soul and the souls 
of his father William* Talebot and grandfather Geoffrey^ Tale- 
bot*. (See "Charter Rolls", 1 Richard I.) William^ Talbot 
died during the crusade or very shortly afterwards, as his son 
Roger^ had become lord of Gainsborough by 1194. The name 
of his wife has not been learned. 

Children : 

i. Rogers, b. about llOo, was lord of the Manor of Gainsborough 
in 1194 when he paid 50 s. on an assessment levied on the 
nobility and landed gentry of England to ransom their King, 
Richard I., from Henry \1., Emperor of Germany, into whose 
inimical hands the EngUsh King had fallen while travelling 
home through Austria from the crusade to Palestine. ^See 
"Visitation of Yorkshire IGGtJ", pp. 242 and 236.) Roger« 
Talebot appears as holding one knight's fee in Gainsborough, 
tenip. King John, and as a grantor of lands to the church of 
Gainsborough. (Ibid.) He d. without issue, as he was suc- 
ceeded by his brother Robert. 

6. ii. Robert, b. about 1170; heir to his brother of the Manor of 

Gainsborough. 
iii. Sylvester, held lands in Thorpe, co. York, which he gave to 

his nephew John' Talebot who deeded them to Selby Abbey. 

(See "Visitation of Yorkshire 1666", p. 236, and "Coucher 

Book of Selby", charter no. 434, vol. 1, p. 264.) 
iv. Simon. 

6. ROBERT* TrU^EBOT, born about 1170, succeeded his 
brother Roger* as lord of the Manor of Gainsborough, co. 
Lincoln, on the death of the latter wdthout issue before 8 John 
(1207). (See "Visitation of Yorkshire 1666", pp. 236 and 242; 

* William^ Talebot and his father WilUam* Talebot have been con- 
fused into one individual by some genealogists; this charter and the 
improbability that a man old enough for an important military com- 
mand in 1139 would serve in a foreign expedition in 1190, over fifty 
years later, indicate there were two generations of WiUiam Talebots 
here. 



also "Nova Oblata pro. com. Lincoln", 8 John.) In 1215 he 
was granted by King John the lands of Hugh Pincerni in Arne- 
thorpe and Skaleberg in Craven, Yorkshire. (See "Close 
Rolls", 17 John, part 1, membrane 12.) Before 1216 he was 
granted lands in Brackenburg in Craven, Yorkshire, by Hugh 
de Lacy, Earl of Ulster. (See "Patent Rolls", 18 John, mem- 
brane 5.) Later he was in the service of this Hugh de Lacy in 
Ireland, from whom he received grants of extensive estates in 
that country. In 1225 the estates of Robert^ Talebot in Ulster 
were confiscated by King Henry III. and given to the Bishop 
of Durham, the said Robert having served under his lord Hugh 
de Lacy, Earl of Ulster, in an insurrection against the King; 
but on payment of a fine of £100 the said Robert^ Talebot 
was pardoned and the estates were restored to him. (See 
"Close Rolls", 9 Henry III., part 2, membranes 16 and 5.) 
Robert^ Talebot married Ermintrude de Ferrers, daughter 
and co-heir of Robert de Ferrers (a son of Walchehne de 
Ferrers, a younger son of the Earl of Derby) ; she brought to her 
husband the IManor of Eggington, co. Derby. (See "Visita- 
tion of Yorkshire 1666", p. 236; also "Pleadings in the Ex- 
chequer Rolls", 13 Henry HI.; roll 13.) 
Children: 

i. William^, b. about 1195, succeeded liis father as lord of the 
Manor of Gainsborough, but resided mostly in Normandy 
where he d. in 1242. As he left no male issue, by some means 
of entailment, the details of which are not of record, the 
Manor of Gainsborough descended to his younger brothers 

and not to his daughter. He m. Alice . 

Child: 
1. Joanna*, sole child and heiress; m. Robekt de Stute- 
viLLE to whom she brought the Manor of Eggington. 
Up>on the death without issue in 12G0of her own-cousin 
Richard* Talebot (son of her uncle Gerard^ Talebot), 
. . Robert de Stuteville and Joanna his wife unsuccess- 

fully claimed the Manor of Gainsborough. (See 
"Visitation of Yorkshire ICCG", pp. 237 and 243; also 
"Close Rolls", 45 Henry III., membrane 16a.) 
ii. JoHN^, received lands in Thorpe by grant from his uncle 
Sylvester Talebot. (See "Visitation of Yorkshire 1666", 
p. 237; also "Coucher Book of Selby", vol. 1, p. 264.) In 
12-t2 he succeeded his brother William as lord of the Manor 
of Gainsborough, where he was granted free warren by King 
Henry HI. in 1243. (See "Visitation of Yorkshire 1666", p. 
237; also "Cartae et Pat.", 28 Henry III.) During the same 
year he was in the King's service against the Welsh. (See 



' "Close Rolls", 28 Henry m., membrane 6, a.) He d. with- 

out issue 35 Henry III. (1251). 
iii. Gerard, succeeded his brother John in 1251, as lord of the 
.Manor of Gainsborough. (See "Visitation of Yorkshire 
1666", p. 237.) In 1243 he had been in the King'5 service 
with his brother John Talebot in an expedition against the 
Welsh. (See "Close Rolls", 28 Henry HI., membrane 6a.) 
In 1257 the King, on what ground is not clear, claimed the 
Manor of Gainsborough which resulted in the following settle- 
• ment: by charter of 3 Nov. 1257, the King granted to his 

brother, William de Valence, the INIanor of Gainsborough, 
CO. Lincoln, which the King lately claimed in his court against 
Gerard Talebot, who restored said manor to the King by a 
compromise that the manor should remain to said Gerard 
Talebot for life, with one-third of remainder successively to 
his widow, his heir, and the heirs of that heir, and two-thirds 
of remainder to said William de Valence. (Charter Rolls, 
42 Henry III., membrane 5.) He apparentlj' d. about 1258. 

He m. (1), EuPHEMiA ; and (2), Sybil . 

Cliild by first wife: 
1. Richard^, was reversionary heir to one-third of the 
Manor of Gainsborough according to the settlement 
above quoted. Upon his decease without issue in 
1260, his own-cousins Thomas* Talbot of Bashall, co. 
York, and Joanna wife of Robert de Stutcville of 
Eggington, CO. Derby, made rival claims to the Manor 
of Gainsborough. (See "Close Rolls", 45 Henjy III., 
membrane 16a, and "Rotuli Curiae Regis", 45 Henry 
III., membrane 9.) Both of these claims were evi- 
dently unsuccessful, as the Manor of Gainsborough 
passed through the King into the possession of his 
half-brother William de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, 
according to the compromise settlement made by 
Gerard Talbot, as above related, and then passed to 
the Earl's descendants through the families of Coniyn, 
■ _ Strathbogie, Percy, and Burgh, to Thomas Baron 

Burgh, who sold the manor in 1596 to Sir ^^illiam 
Hickman of London, Knt. (See Stark's "Historj- of 
Gainsborough", pp. 113-123, which account, however, 
contains several obvious errors in details.) 
7. iv. RoBERT^ b. about 1205, youngest son. 

7. ROBERT^ TALEBOT, born about 1205, was the young- 
est son of Robert^ Talebot, lord of the Manor of Gainsborough, 
CO. Lincohi. When a young man he settled in Yorkshire, where 
he was granted lands in Iluddersfield for life by John de Lacy, 
Constable of Chester, first Earl of Lincoln of that family, and 



■J \ .-. ,d "^nBidnvM; 



8 

owner of vast estates in the northern counties of England. 
(See "History of Whalley", vol. 2, p. 500.) According to 
Christopher Towneley, this Robert Talebot at his death in 1 -235 
(■iO Henry HI.) held two parts of one knight's fee in Wulrickby 
(?), CO. Lincoln, which had been given to him by his father. 
(See "Visitation of Yorkshu-e 1666", p. 237.) 

He married about 1230, Matilda , who married sec- 
ondly, in 1236, Robert de Bereville. {Ibid., pp. 237 and 
243.) 

Children: 

8. i. THOM.4.S8, b. about 1330. 
ii. Robert, held certain lands in Huddersfield, co. York, which 
eventually passed by a daughter and heiress to the Beaumont 
family of \S'hitley, co. York. (See "Visitation of Yorkshire 
1666", pp. 237 and 243.) 

8. TH0:\L\S8 TALBOT, born about 1230, was appointed 
governor of Clitheroe Castle in the reign of Henry HI. by Ed- 
mund de Lacy, second Earl of Lincoln. (See "Visitation of 
Yorkshire 1666", p. 237.) About 1253 he had granted to him 
by de Lacy (whose family for several generations were powerful 
patrons of the Talbots), the lands in Huddersfield which his 
parents Robert and Matilda Talbot had held for life. (See 
"History of Whalley", vol. 2, p. 500.) He also had by grant 
from de Lacy, 37 Henry lU. (1253), the Manor of Bashall in the 
parish of Mitton, deanery of Craven, co. York, in fee farm to 
him and his heirs forever, at a yearly rent of £8-10-7, to be paid 
on the feast of St. Giles (Sept. 1). (See "History of Whalley", 
vol. 2, p. 497; also Harleian Mss. 804, fol. 17, British Mu- 
seum.) This grant was later confirmed by the King, in capiie, 
and Bashall became the mam seat of this branch of the Talbot 
family. In 1260 he made an unsuccessful claim to the Manor of 
Gainsborough, as previously related, claiming his rights through 
his father Robert^ Talebot, youngest son of Robert ^ Talebot, 
lord of the Manor of Gainsborough in the time of King John. 
(See "Rotuli Curiae Regis", 45 Henry III., membrane 9.) 
He died about 2 Edward I. (1273). 

He married Martha . 

Children: 

9. L Edmtjnd', b. about 1260. 

ii. ROBEST. 

iii. Thomjis. 
iv. Giles. 



9. SIR EDMUND' TALBOT. KNT., of Bashall, co. York, 
born about 1260, succeeded to the family estates. In 31 Edward 
I. (1303), he served in the great expedition against Scotland, for 
which service he received on 2.5 July 1304, the grant of free 
warren in Bashall and Hapton. (See "Visitation of York- 
shire 1666", p. 238; "Charter Rolls", 32 Edward I., no. 31; 
and "History of Whalley", vol. 2, p. 497.) In 1306 he received 
the honor of knighthood by bathing and other ceremonies along 
with Prince Edward (afterwards King Edward II.). (See 
"Visitation of Yorkshire 1666", p. 243.) His name and arms 
appear on a roll of the time of Edward I. as "Sire Edmund 
Talbot; de argent, 3 Uoncells de pourpre". On 22 Oct. 1309 
he was summonsed for service against the Scots. (See "History 
of \Mialley", vol. 2, p. 497; also "llotuli Scotiae", vol. 1, p. 78.) 
He was witness to a deed dated the day before the feast of St. 
Margaret the Virgin (July 19) 1310. (See "Coucher Book of 
WTialley", p. 92a.) He died soon after, as in 4 Edward II. 
(1311), his widow Joaue is recorded as holding as dower two 
carucates of land in Rishton, Lancashire. (See Baine's "His- 
tory of Lancashire", edition of 1870, vol. 2, p. 84.) 

He married about 1304, Jo.^^e Holland, born about 12So, 
sister (not daughter as commonly stated) of Sir Robert Holland, 
Knt., first Baron Holland. She married secondly, about 1312, 
Sir Hugh Dutton, Knt., who died in 1326; and she married 
thirdly, about 1328, Sir John Radcliffe of Ordsall, Knt., hold- 
ing with him in 1349 two carucates of land in Rishton, as dower 
from her first husband Sir Edmund Talbot, Knt. (See Baine's 
"History of Lancashire", vol. 2, p. 84; "Chetham Society Pub- 
lications", vol. 95, pp. 8, 9, 15, 23; and the Dutton pedigree in 
Ormerod's "History of Cheshire", vol. 1, pp. 645-6; this latter 
authority however gives her marriages in a wrong order.) 
Children : 

i. John", b. about 1305 ; eldest son and heir of Bashall according 
to "Nomina Villarum" for Yorkshire 9 Edward H. (1316). 
(See "Surtees Society Publications", vol. 49, p. 354.) He 
was under age and in ward to the King on :22 Aug. 13£o. 
(See "Close Rolls", 19 Edward II., membrane 31.) He soon 
after became of age, as in 2 Edward III. (1328), he releai^ 
the Manor of Hapton to Gilbert de Leigh, giving a receipt 
for payment on 12 Mar. 1327/8. (See "Chetham Society 
Publications", vol. 95, p. 153; "History of Whalley", vol. 2. p. 
497; and Harleiau Mss., 804, fol. 17, British Museum.) He 
died soon after without issue. 
10. ii. Thomas^", b. about 1307; heir to his brother. 



10 

10. SIR THOMAS^" TALBOT, KNT., of Bashall, born 
about 1307, on the death without issue of his elder brother 
John, succeeded to the family estates about 1328. On 3 Feb. 
1328/9, he was deeded lands in Mitton by John de Brocklioles. 
(See "History of "\Mialley", vol. 2, p. 497; Harleian Mss. 
804, fol. 17, British Museum.) In 1330 he was a knight, and 
in 1338 was in sendee on the Scottish borders. (See "Rotuli 
Scotiae", 12 Edward III., membrane 19.) In 1356 he granted 
annuities to two of his younger sons, Thomas and John, (See 
"History of ^Yhalley", vol. 2, p. 501.) On 18 Feb. 1347/8, 
Sir Thomas Talbot, Knt., was appointed on a commission to 
investigate damage done in the Queen's chase of Slaidburn and 
Bowland. (See "Patent Rolls", 21 Edward III., part 1, mem- 
brane 3 Id.) 

He married about 1328, Elizabeth Bellair, daughter and 
co-heir of James Bellair of Leicestershire; she survived him, 
being mentioned as his widow in 40 Edward III. (1366). (See 
"History of Whalley", vol. 1, p. 500.) 
Children: 

11. i. EDia->n)'i, b. about 1S28, 
ii. Thomas; living 1356. 
iii. JoHX; living 1356. 

iv. Richard; a witness in the celebrated Scrope vs. Grosvenor 
controversy in 1386 as to the right to a certain coat of arms. 
V. ^LuiY; m, Richard Tempest. 

Vi. EUZABETH. 

11. SIR EDMUND" TALBOT, KNT., of Bashall, born 
about 1328, is said to have served in the war in France in 1348, 
although probably not then quite of age, and to have been 
knighted at the capture of Calais in that year. (See Foster's 
"Feudal Arms and Pedigrees", p. 180.) In 1354 (28 Edward 
III.), Robert de Rishton was plaintiff against Edmund Talbot, 
son of Thomas Talbot, defendant, concerning the Manor of 
Rishton, Lancashire. (See "Record Society of Lancashire and 
Cheshire", vol. 8, p. 364.) Later Sir Edmund Talbot served 
under the famous "Black Prince" in his campaigns in France, 
and in 1367 fought in the battle of Navaretta. He died in 
1373. (See "Visitation of Yorkshire 1666", p. 238.) 

He married about 1353, ALajigery Byron, daughter of Sir 
John Byron, Knt., of Clayton, Lancashire. (See "History of 
Whalley", vol. 2, p. 500.) 



01 



.01 



y , ' .; ■: :/ 



11 

Children: 

i. Thomas'-, b. about 1353; eldest son and heir, and succeeded 
to the Bashall estates. For account of him and his descend- 
ants, see "History of Whalley," vol. 2, pp. 497-500. 
12. ii. Richard, b. about 1355. 

iii. WiLU.^M, b. about 1360; his son John" Talbot was progenitor 
of the Talbots of Salesbury in Lancashire. For account of 
this branch, see Appendix II., pp. 88-92. 
iv. Henry; was granted an annuity of 20 marks for Ufe on 15 
Oct. 1398, wliich was confirmed 16 Sept. 1400. (See "Patent 
Rolls", 1 Henry IV, part 8, membrane 3.) 
V. GeR-^rd; living 1396. 
vi. Edmtjxd; liWng 1398. 
vii. Matilda; m. Peter de Riggenhall. 

12. RICHARD'2 T.VLBOT, born about 1355, second son of 
Sir Edmund Talbot, Knt., of Bashall, co. York, settled in the 
adjoining parish of Slaidburn where he acquired lands which 
continued in possession of his descendants for several genera- 
tions. (See "History of Whalley", vol. 2, p. 514.) At the 
inquisition post mortem of Thomas de Twenge, taken 26 Nov, 
1376, the jurors stated that Richard Talbot and Anabilla his 
wife and others held the Manor of Ellale of said Thomas de 
Twenge. (Inquisitions post mortem, 50 Edward III., no 68.) 
He was buried at the chapel of Stede in 1388 (10 Richard II.). 
(See "History of Whalley", vol. 2, p. 514; "History of Craven", 
p. 36.) 

He married about 1375, A\TELrNA or Anabella Rigmaden, 
daughter of Peter Rigmaden. 
Children: 

13. i. Peter", b. about 1380. 

ii. Giles; is mentioned as brother of Peter Talbot, son of Rich- 
ard Talbot, among reversioners of a deed of enfeoffment 
quoted in the inquisition post mortem on the estate of Henry 
de Houghton, taken at Clitheroe, 30 Dec. 1432. (See "Chet- 
ham Society Pubhcations", vol. 99, p. 44.) 

13. PETER13 TALBOT, born about 1380, succeeded to his 
father's estates in Slaidburn and other neighboring parishes. 
Peter Talbot and Ellen his wife appear in a list of numerous 
persons who paid fines on final concords in the Duchy of Lan- 
caster, 5 Henry V. (1417), and 6 Henry VI. (1427). (See 
"Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire", vol. 50, pp. 85 



.^' ' . •:■■:-..': ■'. ■' ••11, 



a-nhVtii'y 



.: .91 









12 

and 124.) The inquisition post mortem of Henry de Houghton, 
taken at Clitheroe, 30 Dec. 1432, mentions among reversioners of 
a deed of enfeoft'ment Peter Talbot, son of Richard Talbot, and 
his heirs, and faiUng heirs, then Giles Talbot, brother of said 
Peter, and his heirs. (See "Chetham Society Publications", 
vol. 99, p. 44.) 

About this time, Peter Talbot was suspected of being in- 
volved with others in some conspu-acy under Richard, Duke of 
York, against Kmg Henry VI. Accordingly, on 24 May 1432, 
a commission was directed to Sir Edmund Talbot, Knt., and 
others, of Yorkshire, to arrest Peter Talbot and others, and 
bring them before the King's court at midsummer next. (See 
"Patent Rolls", 10 Henry VI., part 1, membrane 4 d.) Ap- 
parently Peter Talbot avoided arrest, as similar warrants ap- 
pear dated 19 Jan. 1432/3, 10 Dec. 1433, 16 Oct. 1434, 10 May 
1435, and 15 Feb. 1436/7. (Ibid., 11 Henry 6, part 1, mem. 
15 d., etc.) Finally, in 1437, Peter Talbot, son of Ricliard 
Talbot, alias Peter Talbot of Newland, co. York, alias Peter 
Talbot late of Bashall, co. York, ahas Peter Talbot of Rowland, 
CO. York, etc., was granted a pardon for conspiring with Richard, 
Duke of York, against the King. (See " Pardon Rolls", 15 Henry 
VI., membrane 6; also "Visitation of Yorkshire 1666", p. 239.) 

In a hst of the tenants of the Honom* of Clitheroe, taken by 
commission dated 25 May 1443, appear Peter Talbot and Giles 
Talbot; and Peter Talbot also appears as a tenant in the Forest 
of Rowland. (See "Court Rolls, Honour of Clitheroe", vol. 

1, pp. 499-500.) He was buried at Stede in 1446. 

Peter^' Talbot married first, before 1405, Anna Dutton, 
daughter of Giles Dutton. (See "History of Whalley", vol. 

2, p. 514.) 

He married secondly, about 1410, Ellen Cunliffe, born 
about 1385, daughter and heiress of Roger Cunliii'e of Billing- 
ton, CO. Lancaster. She brought to her husband property in 
Tadcaster, co. York, and the hundred acre farm in Wilpshire 
in the parish of Blackburn, co. Lancaster, called from time im- 
memorial "Carr Hall". This latter estate became the home- 
stead of a branch of the Talbot family for ten generations through 
a period of just three centuries, and v/as the ancestral home of 
Peter" Talbot, the colonist of New England in 1675. It will 
therefore be of interest to give a short outline of the Cunliffe 
family, taken from the "Victoria History of Lancashire", vol. 
6, pp. 331 and 336. 



SI 



13 



CuNUFFE Pedigree 



Robert^ de Cundeclj've =p: 
of Billington, co. Lancaster 
(b. abt. 12^0) liv. 1246, 1258, 1265 



^ 



1 

Robert* de Cundeclyve == 
(b. abt. 1250) liv. 1276, 1288, 1296 

1 

Robert' de Cundeclj've s== 
(b. abt. 1280) d. bef. 1319 



I 

Robert^ de Cundeclyve, =r Alice, dau. & heir of 

Cundecliffe, or Cunliffe j Stephen de Hametton 

(b. abt. 1305) of Tadcaster, co. York 



r Robert de Cunliffe __ 

of Carr Hall and Tadcaster j 
(b. abt. 1325) 



j I ! 

Margaret = Adam Adam Cunliffe r^ Roger Cunliffe ; 

Cunliffe de Lever (b. abt. 1355) (b. abt. 1360) 



Robert Cunhffe Peter" Talbot 1^ Ellen Cunliffe 

d. s. p. 1399 b. abt. 1380 (b. abt. 1385) 

Child of Peter'3 Talbot by his first wife Anna Button: 

i. Giles", b. about 1405; succeeded to the estates of his father 
in SlaJdburn, Bowland, etc.; is mentioned on the Pardon 
Rolls of 39 Henry VI. (1460-1), and was buried at Stede. 
He m. Eliz.vbeth Hopton, daughter of Robert Hopton. 
Children: 
1. Edmund", b. about 1430, d. without issue 12 Aug. 
'• ■ 1496, and was buried in the Church of Preaching Friars, 

London. The will of Edmonde Talbotte, esquier, 
dated 11 Aug. 1496. Bequests for masses, etc. Two 
"vestmentes withe myne armes theruppon" to the 
altars of the Church of Preaching Friars. To my sis- 
ters Anne and Jennett. To the children of Jolm Tal- 
botte, to pray for my soul. Masses for the soul of 
my wife Margarete. To James Lyvesey and William 
his brother 20s. each. To [nephews] Grilles, William, 
and Edmonde Talbotte, 10 marks each. All residue 
to my brother Nicholas Talbotte, executor; he also 



CJ 



14 

to have all lands "I hadde by my Fader lying in Slade- 
bournWodehouse", CO. York, tobeathiswill. Proved 
25 Aug. 1496. (P.C.C. Home 1.) He m. Margaret 
. No children. 

2. Jemstett. 

3. Nicholas, heir to his brother Edmund, d. in 1501. 
His will dated 8 June 1501, gave small bequests to 
over seventy persons, and to several churches and 
towns. Of his relatives he mentions his wife Jane, 
her first husband David Greffyn, his deceased brother 
Edmund Talbott, his nephews Gilles and Edmunde 
Talbott and Gilles, Edmunde, and Nicholis Levesey; 
also GUbarde Talbott, Sir Jolm Talbott, Knt. [of 
Salesbury] and "Edmund Talbott the heire of Bashall". 
He gave 20s. in alms "as a recompense of what I have 
wonne or lost yn gamynge". He loft bequests for 
masses at several churches, including Stede in Lan- 
cashire "where my fader & moder is biiryed"', and 
directed that he be buried in the lady chapel of the 
church of Great Berkhampsted, co. Herts. He left 
all his lands in Slaidburn Wodhouse in Bolland, co. 
York, to nephew Gilles Talbott, with remainder to 
issue of his sister Anne Levesey. (P.C.C, 1 Blamyr.) 

He m. Jane , widow of David Griffin. No 

children. 

4. Anne; m. John Le\-esey. Children: 1. Giles; eldest 
son and heir; on the death without issue in 1510 of 
his cousin Giles^^ Talbot, succeeded to the Slaidburn 
estates of their great-grandfather Peter^^ Talbot, grand- 
father Giles" Talbot, and uncles Edmund'^ and Nich- 
olas^^ Talbot, according to the will of the latter, and 
was unsuccessfully sued for the property by George^' 
Talbot of Carr Hall, a second cousin, details of which 
litigation will be given in the account of the latter. 
2. Edmund. 3. Nicholas. 

5. Giles, d. unm. 

6. Wllijam, d. before 1496; was married, but the name 
of his wife is unknown. Children: 1. Giles^^, h. about 
1465; heir to his uncle Nicholases Talbot in 1501; d. 
about 1510 leaving no surviving issue, 2. WiUiam, 
d. before 1500, without issue. 3. Edmund, d. before 
1510 without issue. 

Chad of Peteri^ Talbot by his second wife Ellen Cunliffe: 
14. ii. Richard's b. about 1412, succeeded to Carr Hall as heir 
of his mother. 



t-f 



! :: ..'. .{miin^* 



15 

14. RICHARDi^ TALBOT, born about 1412, as heir to his 
mother, Ellen Cunliffe, succeeded to a small property in Tad- 
caster, CO. York and to her ancestral estate called "Carr llall" 
in AYilpshire township, Blackburn parish, Lancashire. Thus 
was estabhshed a new branch of the Talbot family, which owned 
and occupied Carr Hall for three centuries until the death in 
1709 of George ^^ Talbot, whose widow sold the estate out of the 
family. 

While the armorial and knightly Talbots of Bashall and of 
Salesbury were lords of manors and each of these families owned 
a few thousand acres of land and numerous cottages let to 
tenants, the Talbots of Carr Hall possessed as their principal 
estate a small homestead farm of about one hundred acres, 
having a couple of small cottages in addition to the Hall and its 
farm buildings. But as they were freehold owners of their 
estate and descended from the ancient Talbots of Bashall, they 
ranked as minor landed and armorial gentry, and were entitled 
to and used a coat of arms similar to that borne by the Bashall 
and Salebury famihes. The coat-of-arms of the Talbots of 
Carr Hall, recorded with their pedigTce m the Visitation of 
Lancashire in 1G65, was: Argent, three lions salient, vert; while 
the arms of the Talbots of Bashall and the Talbots of Salesbury, 
recorded in earlier visitations were: Argent, three lions salient, 
purpure; the only difference thus being in the tincture of the 
lions. 

The hundred acre estate known for centuries as "The Carr" 
or as "Carr Hall" derived its name from its situation under a 
high bank beside a moorland stream, the word "carr" signifying 
a piece of boggy ground. It is located in Wilpshire, one of the 
numerous towTiships of the ancient and extensive former parish 
of Blackburn in Lancashire, which since ISol has been a city 
and gro^-n to a population of about 140,000 from its important 
manufacture of cotton print cloths. The township of Wilp- 
shire lies about four miles north-east of the center of the city of 
Blackburn, on the northerly slope of high land on the main 
highway from Blackburn to ^Yhalley. A portion of the town- 
ship nearest to the city has in recent years become a pleasant 
residential suburb of Blackburn, with attractive modern dwell- 
ings; but most of the township is still open agricultural land with 
old stone farm houses, several of them built over three centuries 
ago. The Carr Hall estate is situated on the highest part of the 
main road from Blackburn to Whalley and commands a charm- 



ti 



if if'-iXP , Kx.lJ 



io UOT I 



16 

ing view towards the north and west over the valley of the 
Ribble River; but towards the south and east the hill rises 
sharply behind the house to a considerable height, and a flow- 
ing stream and numerous springs on the hillside make the land 
rather boggy about Carr Hall, whence its name. Of the earlier 
buildings on the estate no knowledge has been secured; but the 
present stone mansion was built about 1580 by George^^ Talbot, 
and in the account of him a full description of the house will be 
given. 

Richard^* Talbot was in middle life v/hen the famous Wars 
of the Roses broke out in 1455, which raged intermittently for 
thirty years for the succession to the English throne between 
the royal Houses of Lancaster and York, descendants in various 
lines from King Edward HI, During this sanguinary civil 
strife, which lasted a generation and almost annihilated many 
of the greatest families of the feudal nobility of England, the 
knightly Talbots of Bashall and their junior branches of Sales- 
bury, Slaidburn, and Carr, steadfastly served under the v/hite 
rose of the House of York. At the battle of Wakefield, 30 Dec. 
1460, the Yorkists were defeated, and their leader, Richard, 
Duke of York, was killed. In February follovving, 1460/1, 
the l^ncastrian King Henry VI., issued pardons for large num- 
bers of his Yorkist opponents, including Sir Edmund" Talbot, 
Knt., of Bashall, Thomasi\ son of Sir Edmund" Talbot, John^* 
Talbot of Salesbury, Gilesl^ son of Peter" Talbot, and Richard^S 
son of Peter" Talbot. (See "Pardon Rolls", 39 Henry VI.) 
But the Yorkists again took the field, and a few weeks later the 
battles of Mortimer's Cross and Towton completely and per- 
manently crushed the power of the House of Lancaster; and 
Edward, son of Richard, Duke of York, became King of England, 
as Edward IV., on 4 March 1460/1. King Henry VI. escaped 
for a time, but in 1465 was captured by Sir Thomas^* Talbot, 
Knt., of Bashall, assisted by a party of his relatives. 

For their services to the House of York, the several Talbots 
were rewarded by King Edward IV. with various grants of lands 
and monetary pensions for life; among those so favored was 
Richard^*, son of Peter" Talbot, who was granted twenty acres 
of land in Pendleton, co. Lancaster. (See "Patent Rolls", 
6 Edward IV., mem. 15.) 

Richard^* Talbot died before 1482, but the exact time has not 
been ascertained. The name of his wife has not been learned. 

Child: 

15. i. Stepuen^*, b. about 1440. 



ar 



17 

15. STEPHEN'S TALBOT, born about 1440, succeeded 
his father in the possession of Carr Hall, co. Lancaster, and 
estates in Tadcaster, co. York, and Pendleton, co. Lancaster, 
and is the first of the Talbots of Carr Hall mentioned in the 
pedigree of that family in the Visitation of Lancashire in 1G64-5. 

The College of Arms of England, instituted about 14G4, and 
later incorporated, is invested with the authority of granting 
and confirming coats-of-arms and of registering them and the 
pedigrees of their bearers. To facihtate the authority of the 
College of xVrms, during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, 
once in about a generation, its heralds went into the various 
counties of England to visit the landed gentry, obtain and com- 
pile records of their pedigrees and arms, and pubhsh lists of 
persons unlawfully assuming armorial bearings. Pedigrees in 
Visitations cannot always be relied upon to be correct, as some 
of the information given to the heralds was mere tradition. 
There were four Visitations of Lancashire, viz.; in 1533, 1567, 
1613, and 1664. Pedigrees of the Talbots of Salesbury are 
given in all these Visitations of Lancashire; but the Talbots 
of Carr appear only in the Visitation of 1664-5 by Sir William 
Dugdale, as follows: 

Talbot of Carr 

Arms. — Argent, three lions salient, vert. 



Stephen Talbot of Carr = 




1 
George Talbot of Carr = 
vix. 16 Henry VII. 




1 

Nicholas Talbot of Carr = 
vix. 1 Edward VI. 


= Anne, dau. & heir of 
Ewan Browne 


1 
George Talbot = 
ob. 1629 act 83. 


= Anne, dau. of Mr. 
Roger Nowell of 
Meareley 


1 

John Talbot .r 


= Dorothy, dau. of Ed- 
ward Braddyl of 
Portfield. 


1 

Edward Talbot of Carr = 


= Mabel, dau. of Laur- 
ence Carleton 


George Talbot 





.a 



r ivAoi 



18 

(The Visitation of Lancashire for 1664-5 by Dugdale has been 
printed by the Chetham Society, and the above Talbot pedigree 
appears on p. 299 of vol. 88 of their publications.) 

The foregoing pedigree has been proved by other sources to 
be correct, except in two details, viz.; George Talbot died in 
16-28, not 16'-29; and Mabel Carleton was daughter of Launcelot, 
not Laurence, Carleton. 

It is noticeable that while almost all the three hundred pedi- 
grees entered in this Visitation are signed by the heads of the 
families submitting them to the herald, the pedigree of Talbot 
of Carr is not so signed. Moreover, as will be duly shown, the 
last named George Talbot, then head of the family, was from 
1657 to 1685 out of possession of the ancestral estate, and fur- 
thermore, at the time of the Visitation he had a wife and at 
least four children not mentioned in the pedigree. It is there- 
fore apparent that this pedigree had been compiled many years 
before the time of the Visitation, but was accepted and entered 
by Dugdale as authentic; and by good fortune the original of 
this pedigree still exists and has been found. 

During the seventeenth century, there flourished in Cheshire 
and Lancashire four antiquarians and genealogists named 
Randle Holme of Chester. For four generations they were 
actively engaged in compiling pedigrees and emblazoning arms 
of the gentry of those counties, and at times acted as assistants 
and deputies to the heralds of the College of Arms. Their 
valuable manuscripts are now among the famous Harleian 
Collection in the British Museum, London. Among these, 
Harleian Mss. 1987 is a large volume of their pedigrees of Lan- 
cashire families, and on page 48 appears the following pedigree, 
made in 1628 by the first Randle Holme, of the 

Talbots of Carr 

Stephen Talbott = 
liv. 21 Ed. IV. [1481] ' 



I I I 

Richard George = WiUiam 

ob. s. p. liv. 17 Hen. VH. [1501] I a priest 



J 

Agnes, fil. Lau. == Nicholas = Anne, fil. et coheir Evan 

Shotilworth Talbot Browne de Ribbleton, 

arm. 



•^I 



19 

a b 

I I 

Margaret m. George r 

Rob. Aspden ob. 4 Chas. I. 

I [16281 ae. 83 



; Anne fil. Roger Noell de 
Mearley 



Rich'd Aspden John Talbott = Doroth. fil. Edward 



ob. 2 Chas. I. fil. et heir, aet, 
m. fil. Worthing- 57, 4 Chas. I. 
ton de Sindle. [16^28] 



Bradhull de Port- 
field, arm. 



I I 

Filia et heir Edward Talbot = Mabilla, filia Launce- 



habet terras 
in Todcaster 



lot Carleton 



I 

George Talbot 
aet. 5, 4 Chas. I. [1C28] 

The above pedigree made in 1628 by Randle Holme, was ev-i- 
dently compiled from family statements and old family docu- 
ments and is remarkably accurate. Every step in the descent 
and all the details have been proved correct by other sources; 
and this pedigree clearly was the basis of Dugdale's pedigree 
in the Visitation of 1664-5. 

As Stephen^^ Talbot, besides his main seat at Carr Hall, also 
inherited and occupied property in Tadcaster, eight miles from 
the city of York, it is not surprising to find mentions of him 
near this cathedral city. On a deed made by Robert Sharpies 
to William Snawesell and others of lands in the City of York, 
dated 7 June 4 Edward IV. [1464], Stephen^^ Talbot was one of 
the witnesses. (See "York Memorandum Book", fol. 3'-21 d.) 
The will of John Holme of Huntington* (a wealthy merchant of 
the city of York), dated 20 Dec. 1490, mentions among his 
relatives his father-in-law William Snawsell and his "cosyn 
Stephyn Talbot, Esq., and Margaret his wife". (Prerogative 
and Exchequer Court of York, vol. 5, fol. 389.) The pedigree by 
Randle Holme mentions Stephen Talbot as living 21 Edward 
IV. [1481]; so probably Holme was shown some document signed 
in that year by Stephen Talbot which was in the possession of 
his descendants in 1628. 

From probate records it appears that Stephen'^ Talbot died 
in 1494, leaving the following will: 

The will of Stephen Talbot, Esquier, dated 19 Jan. 1493/4. 

* A parish in Yorkshire, three miles from the City of York. 



vqa>- 



U( 



20 

My body to be buried within the church of St. Cleraonce of 
Danys without the barres of the Newe Temple of London, before 
the crucit'ex in the said cliurch. I bcqueith xxiv marks* to be 
given to priests to sing ^V masses for my soul. Residue of all 
my goodes I give to Margarete my wif, which Margarete of 
this my wyll I make myn executrice. Witnesses: Sir Robert 
Evererd, priest, and William Ilavison, Proved 16 Nov. 1494 
by Margaret, relict and executrix. (P.C.C., 17 Vox.) 

The church of St. Clement Danes, London, is located in the 
center of the easterly end of the Strand, just before the Strand 
terminates at Temple Bar and becomes Fleet Street. There 
has been a church on this spot for over twelve hundred years; 
but the present edifice was erected about KiSO, replacing the 
very ancient one in which Stephen'^ Talbot directed he be buried. 

Stephen*^ Talbot married, probably about 1465, Margaret 
, who survived him. 

Children: 

i. Richard'^, b. about 14G7; d. unm., according to the pedigree 
by Handle Holme in IC^S. 

16. ii. George, b. about 1470; succeeded to Carr Hall and the other 
family estates. 
iii. William; was a priest and d. unm. 

16. GEORGEi« TALBOT, born about 1470, as eldest sur- 
viving son of Stephen^^ Talbot, succeeded to Carr Hall and the 
estates in Tadcaster and Pendleton. He is mentioned as living 
in 17 Henry VII. [1501] in the pedigree compiled by Randle 
Holme in 1028, (see ante, p. 18.) ; doubtless Holme saw some deed 
of George^^ Talbot in 1501 which had been preserved by his 
descendants, A similar reference to George^^ Talbot appears in 
the pedigree in the Visitation of Lancashire in 1664-5, doubtless 
taken from the compilation of Randle Holme. (See ante p. 17.) 
This George^^ Talbot is also mentioned (as deceased) in a law- 
suit in the Court of the Duchy of Lancaster in 1576 between 
his grandchildren Margaret, widow of Robert Aspden, and 
George'^ Talbot; the details of this suit will be given later. (See 
post, p. 25.) 

The only other record that has been found of George^' Talbot 
concerns an unsuccessful attempt by him to get possession of the 
estates in Slaidburn, formerly of his great-grandfather Peter^' 
Talbot, as appears from the following document: 

* A mark was 13 s. 4 d. or two-thirds of a pound. This bequest of 
£l6 (or about $80) for masses would be comparatively equivalent to 
over $800 at the present time. 



02 



«1 

On 24 Apr. 1510, George Talbot, gent., complains, that his 
great-grandfather Peter Talbot died about 25 Henry \T., 
seized of divers lands, messuages, teiicmcnts, etc., in Slaidburn 
in Bolland, co. York, which should descend to complainant as 
son and heir of Stephen Talbot, deceased, who was son and heir 
of Richard Talbot long since deceased, son of said Peter Talbot. 
But the said lands etc., and the evidences, scripts, and writings 
thereto pertaining, have by casual means come into possession 
of one Giles Levesey, gent., who refuses to surrender them to 
complainant. A summons is prayed for that said Giles I^vesey 
be required to appear and answer. (Chancery Proceedings, 
Early Series.) 

No further papers in this case are preserved. As Richard^^ 
Talbot, grandfather of the complainant, was only a younger 
half-brother of Giles^* Talbot (eldest son of Peter'-'') through 
whom the estates had descended to Livesey, it does not seem 
likely that the plamtiff had a good case. Even if Peter'^ Tal- 
bot had entailed the property to his male heirs, doubtless the 
entail had been broken by the descendants of Giles by legal 
means of fine and common recovery. 

The above litigation is the latest mention that has been dis- 
covered of George'* Talbot who probably died about 15120, 
certainly before 1523 when his son Nicholas'^ Talbot had suc- 
ceeded to the estates. He was doubtless buried in Whalley 
Church, but this assumption cannot be proved, as the parish 
registers of this church do not commence until 1538. 

The name of his wife is unknown. 

Children: 
17. i. NiCHOL>Asi% b. about 1500. 

ii. Thomas; m. Isabella -, who was bur. at Whalley, 

1 Oct. 1560. 
ill. RiciLVRD, bur. at Whalley, 28 Feb. 1541/2; m. Isabeli^ 

, who was bur. at AMialley, 11 Dec. 1539. 

iv. Robert; m. at Whalley, 20 Jan. 1538/9, Joanna Cooke. 

17. NICHOLAS'^ TALBOT, born about 1500, succeeded 
to Carr Hall and the other family estates, and is first found of 
record in 15 Henry VHI. [1523] on a subsidy roll [tax grant to 
the King] for Lancashire, appearing as "Nycholas Talbot of 
Wyllipshyre" and being assessed 2s. on lands of yearly value of 
40s. (See "History of Blackburn", p. 62.) Three miles 
north-east of Carr Hall lie the picturesque ruins of Whalley 
Abbey, which was the grandest monastery in Lancashire and 



19 



"/A 






22 

possessor of thousands of acres of lands until the destruction of 
its buildings and the sequestration of its estates by Henry VIII. 
in 1539. An inventory of the estates and rental roll of the 
tenants of Whalley Abbey, taken at the time of its suppression, 
shows that Nicholas 'l^albot held of the Abbot of AVhalley, 
Snodworth in Billins^on, paying yearly therefore 1 s. Snod- 
worth is the upland farm adjacent to AYilpshire ]Moor, lying 
above the estate of Carr Hall; and its name continues to the 
present day. 

Nicholas" Talbot died. 28 Apr. 1547, and was buried on the 
same day in Whalley Church, as recorded in its ancient regis- 
ters. Although Carr Hall is located in Wilpshire township of 
Blackburn Parish, the parish church of \Yhalley is a mile nearer 
than that of Blackburn and the road to Whalley is more pleasant 
and convenient. Therefore the Talbots of Carr Hall preferred 
association with Whalley Church, and for at least six generations 
most of their members had sepulture within its venerable and 
hallowed walls. Whalley is one of the most ancient and interest- 
ing parish churches in England, datmg from early Saxon times; 
and the present fine and impressive edifice, built as early as 
1200, is in perfect preservation, having withstood through seven 
centuries the devastations of civil wars and religious revolu- 
tions, and the ravages of the elements. Its parchment parish 
registers being in 1538, as early as any in England, and are com- 
plete and in perfect preservation. 

Details of the property in Lancashire held by Nicholas" 
Talbot appear in an inquisition post mortem held 5 Sept. 1 
Edward VL [1547]. The jurors state that he died seized of 
two messuages [dwelling houses] forty acres of arable land, 
sixteen acres of meadow, and eighteen acres of woodland, in 
Wilpshire and Salesbury; twenty acres of land and 2s. rent in 
Pendleton; and nuie acres of land in Billington. They further 
state that the lands in Wilpshire and Salesbury were held of 
John Talbot, Esq., of Salesbury*; the lands in Billingtonf were 

* This statement has caused much difficulty, making it appear that 
the Talbots of Carr descended from the Talbots of Salesbury, and con- 
flic tiug with other evndences. But the statement is clearly erroneous, 
as the Talbots of Carr Hall had derived that property by marriage with 
the heiress of the Cunliffe family several years before the Talbots of 
Salesbury acquired their far greater estate by marriage with the great 
heiress, Isabel de Cliderou (Chtheroe), which family had never pos- 
sessed Carr Hall. 

t This was Snodworth farm. 



&s? 






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23 

held in cnpite of the King, formerly of Whalley Abbey; and the 
lands in Pendleton were held of tenure unknown. They also 
state that the said Nicholas Talbot died 28 April last past, and 
that George Talbot is his son and heir and aged one year, eleven 
months, and more, on the date of the inquisition. (Duchy of 
Lancaster, Inq. Post. Mort., vol. 9, no. 41.) Besides the above- 
named property in Lancashire, Nicholas Talbot also left the 
ancestral property in Tadcaster, co. York, on which no inquisi- 
tion seems to have been held. 

The marriages and children of Nicholas^^ Talbot are correctly 
given in the pedigree compiled by Handle Holme in 1628 (see 
ante, pp. 18-19), as his statements are confirmed by evidences 
in a suit to be given in the account of George^^ Talbot. (See 
fost, pp. 25-26.) 

Nicholas^' Talbot married first on 4 Feb. 1525/6, Agxes 
Shuttleworth, daughter of Lawrence and Elizabeth (Worsley) 
Shuttleworth of Gawthorpe, armiger; she had one daughter, and 
was buried at "WTialley 22 Nov. 1542. 

He married secondly, in 1544, Anne Browne, daughter and 
co-heir of Evan Browne of Ribbleton, co. Lancaster, armiger; 
she had two children, survived her husband, and married 
secondly, about 1549, Richard Sherburne of Bayley. 
Child by first marriage: 
. i. ]MARG.u^ETl^ born about 1527; m. about 1545, Robert 
AsPDEN. In 1549 they sued her stepmother, her half-brother 
George^* Talbot and others, for a part of her father's personal 
^. estate. In 1576, Margaret Aspden, then a widow, unsuccess- 

fully sued her half-brother George'^ Talbot for the Carr Hall 
estate; and in Jan. 1578/9, he conveyed to her by fine the 
ancestral property in Tadcaster, co. York. (Details of these 
matters will appear in the account of George'^ Talbot). 
Robert Aspden d. before 1576, but the time of death of his 
widow Margaret is unknown. Child: Richard, b. about 

1550, d. 1G'-2G; m. Worthington, and left a daughter 

who was heiress to the Tadcaster lands, according to the 
Talbot pedigree by Eandle Holme in 1628. (See atite, p. 19.) 
Children by second marriage: 
18. ii. George'*, b. in September 1545; succeeded to Carr Hall. 

iii. Bridget, b. abt. 1547; mentioned in the suit of 1549; further 
history untraced. 

18. GEORGE^^ TALBOT, born in September 1545, on the 
death of his father in 1547 succeeded to the Carr Hall estate 
which he held and occupied for the long period of eighty years. 



/ ..- .■• )■> 



24 

until his death in IG^S. During his tenure the Talbot family 
of Carr Hall attained its greatest importance and prosperity; 
but soon after his death, there commenced a series of disastrous 
reverses, due partly to their steadfast adherence to the Catholic 
faith, partly to their support of the Royalists in the Civil War, 
and partly to an extraordinary amount of litigation in which 
they were engaged. It seems doubtful if any other estate of 
equal value in England was the subject of as many lawsuits as 
was Carr Hall from 1547 until 1709 when it passed out of the 
family. 

The long series of legal contentions started in the spring of 
1549, when George^* Talbot was only three years old, in a suit 
brought by his much older half-sister and her husband, of which 
the following particulars have been gleaned: 

In Easter Term, 3 Edward VI. (1549), Robert Aspeden and 
Margaret his wife and Bryget Talbot, said Margaret and 
Bridget being daughters of Nicholas Talbot, late of Whylp- 
shyre, co. Lancaster, deceased, complain that by the ancient 
custom of the county, if a man decease leaving a wife and 
children, his wife should have one third of his goods [personal 
estate], the executors another third, and the children (except 
the eldest son and heir) the remaining third. But now, so it is, 
the said Nicholas Talbot died in 1 Edward VI. [1547] leaving a 
wife, the said two daughters, and George Talbot his son and 
heir, and leaving goods of over £80 in value, which have been 
seized by Anne late wife of deceased, and now wife of Richard 
Sherburne, gent., and by John Singleton and the said George 
Talbot, the other executors, who refuse to give the plaintiffs 
their shares, although requested in most gentle manner to do so, 
contrary to equity and good conscience. The plaintiffs pray 
that said Richard Sherburne and Anne his wife, John Singleton, 
and George Talbot, be summonsed to answer the premises. 

The defendants answer that the plaintiff Margaret was ad- 
vanced her portion at the time of her marriage, and she and her 
husband Robert Aspden claim all the landed estate of said 
Nicholas Talbot in Lancashire and Yorkshire, of yearly value 
of over £10, in right of said Margaret as heir in tail, so she 
cannot also claim any part of her father's goods. The said 
Bridget Talbot is under three years of age and in custody of her 
mother who stands charged with her portion, and the said 
George Talbot is only four years old so has never administered 
his father's goods. The said Nicholas by his will* bequeathed 

• No record of this wiU now exists in any probate court. 



25 

all his goods to his wife Anne and son George, so his other 
children cannot claim any share in them. The said John 
Syugleton merely paid the fees for probating the will. All the 
goods of the said Nicholas came to the hands of the said Anne 
except those that the said Robert and Margaret "imbesyled 
and toke". 

Among the depositions for the plaintiff, taken at Preston, co. 
Lancaster, 18 Apr. 1550, Edward Whalley of Blackburn, ae. 70, 
William Ciaj^on of Little Harwood, ae. 70, Richard RadclifFe of 
Balderston, ae. 79, and >Yilliam Shorrock of Eccleshill, deposed 
that by custom of the county if a man died lea\'ing a wife and 
children, his goods should be divided into three parts, one for 
the wife, another for the executor, and the third for the children 
(except the heir). Richard VVarde of Mellor, ae. 63, Robert 
Forest of Samlesburie, ae. 68, and Lawrence Heydock of Os- 
baldeston, ae. 50, deposed they "praysed" the goods of said 
Nicholas Talbot at £58-6-8. 

By decree of Hilary Term 1553, it was ordered that said 
Rycherd Sherbourne and Anne his wife pay to said Robert 
Aspeden and Margaret his wife £10 for her portion of her 
father's goods; but if the executors of Ewan Browne, gent., 
deceased, recover £40 against the executors of said Nicholas 
Talbot by reason of covenants made between said Ewan and 
Nicholas on 31 Oct. 1544, then said payment to said Robert 
and Margaret shall be reduced in proportion. (Pleadings in 
the Duchy Court of Lancashire, vol. 53, A-1, and Orders and 
Decrees, vol. 8, fol. 439 d.) 

It will be noticed that in the answer in the above case about 
personal property, the defendants state that the complainant 
Margaret Aspden also had claimed the landed estates of her 
father Nicholas Talbot. No records have been found of any 
such suit at that time (1549); but nearly thirty years later, 
George^^ Talbot was tlireatened in his ownership of Carr Hall, 
etc., in another suit brought by his half-sister, as shown by the 
following bill of complaint: 

In 18 Elizabeth [1570], Margaret, widow of Robert Aspden, 
deceased, complains that her grandfather George Talbot of 
Carr in Wilpshire, gent., deceased, was seized of two messuages, 
lands, meadows, etc., in Wilpshire and Salesbury, and lands 
called Snodworth in Billington now in the tenure of one George 
Talbot, son of Nicholas Talbot, deceased, and of one John 
Hyndle. And being so seized, in consideration of a marriage 



<:,^' 



ic "-'.'Ij:/ c/iiw ?]:', ci f-.^^'^ >;(i {fa 



.!J. : ..!■ ■ 1 '•.«/. 



S6 

to be had between Nicholas Talbot, son and heir apparent of 
said George Trlbot the grnndfather, and Agnes daughter of 
Laurence Shutllevrorth, deceased, the said George Talbot the 
grandfather, did convey the said messuages etc. unto Tristram 
Yate, John King, et als. as feoffees, to the use of said George the 
grandfather for life, with reminder after his decease to the use 
of the said Nicholas and Agnes and their heirs.* On 4 Feb. 17 
Henry VIII. [lo*2o/6], by force of above statute, said Nicholas 
Talbot and Agnes his wife (his father George Talbot in the mean- 
time having died), became seized of the premises in fee tail and 
had issue the said complainant Margaret Aspden; and the said 
Nicholas and Agnes having both died, said premises by right 
descended to complainant as daughter and heir. But so it is, 
that the evidences relating to the aforesaid conveyances have 
by casual means come to the hands of George Talbot, son of 
said Nicholas by a later wife, and to the said John Hyndley, 
who hold the documents and the premises. Complainant prays 
for a summons to said George Talbot and John Hj-ndleyf to 
produce the documents in court. (Duchy of Lancaster Plead- 
ings, vol. 99, no. A-12.) 

No other documents in above suit can be found, and the 
plaintiff evidently failed in her suit, as George^^ Talbot held the 
estates until his death in 1628 and transmitted them to his 
descendants. But it is possible that George^^ Talbot made some 
compromise with his half-sister as to her claim to their father's 
lands, as three years after the above suit took place, he conveyed 
to her in 1579 the ancestral estates in Tadcaster, co. York, 
which had been in the family for about 170 years and had come 
to the Talbot family, together with Carr Hall, by the marriage 
about 1-ilO of Peter'^ Talbot with the heiress Ellen Cunlift'e. 
This conveyance was made by fine, a method of land transfer 
used in England nearly five centuries, the process being a col- 
lu.sive suit in which by agreement the purchaser sued the seller 
for the property in question, and the latter acknowledged the 
right of the former to it, for a consideration. The coasidera- 
tions named in such proceedings were fictitious or nominal; the 
actual prices did not appear. 

• This marriage contract was made by George Talbot and Lawrence 
Shuttleworth when their children Nicholas and Agnes were mere boy 
and girl, the marriage taking place several years later when they had 
grown to maturity. This practice was common at that period among 
the landed gentry. 

t He was probably the tenant of the cottage on the Carr Hall estate 



id biJG •. '^ I 



27 

Final concord made in the Octave of Hilary, 21 Elizabeth 
[1578/9] between Margaret Aspden, widow, complainant, and 
George Talbot and Anne [Nowcll] his wife defendant, of one 
messuage, one toft,* thirty-six acres of arable land, ten acres of 
meadow, twelve acres of pasture, and two acres of wood in 
Tadcaster [co. York]; said George and Ann acknowledged said 
messuage, etc., to be the right of said Margaret, as those which 
they remised and quit claimed to the said Margaret; and said 
George and Anne warrant the premises to the said Margaret 
and her heirs against the said George and his heirs forever. 
And for this quitclaim, warrant, fine, and agreement, said 
Margaret gave to said George and Anne £40 sterling. (Feet 
of Fines, co. York, Hilary Term, 21 Elizabeth.) 

A record has been found of one more suit in which George^^ 
Talbot was engaged. In 1599 he sued Edward Braddyll, Esq., 
of Portfield in YS'halley, co. Lancaster, for £200. The answer 
by Braddyll is the only document preserved in this suit; but it 
gives some valuable family history, as will be seen by the fol- 
lowing abstract: 

The ans^-er of Edward Braddyl, Esq., defendant, to the bill 
of complaint of George Talbot, gent., complainant, dated 18 
Nov., 42 Elizabeth [1599]. The defendant saith that the com- 
planiant hath admitted to several witnesses that the defendant 
doth not owe him £200 as in said bill is untruly alleged. De- 
fendant further states that in consideration of a marriage to be 
had and solemnized between John Talbot, son and heir of com- 
plainant, and Dorothy Braddyl, daughter of defendant, by the 
mediation of Ralph Assheton, the said complainant George Tal- 
bot agreed to convey and assure certain lands to the use of the 
said John and Dorothy, as part of her jointure. (Duchy of 
Lancaster Pleadings, vol. 195, T. 8.) 

It is a curious coincidence that over eighty years later, another 
George-^ Talbot, great-grandson of the above George^ ^ Talbot 
of Carr, brought a chancery suit in 1682 against his second- 
cousin Edward Braddyll of Moreton, great-grandson of the 
above Edward Braddyll of Portfield, full details of which will 
be given in the account of George-^ Talbot. 

In a subsidy (or grant of a tax to the sovereign by Parliament) 
in 1570, George Talbot was assessed on lands in \Yilpshire of the 
yearly value of SO s. On the same subsidy, John Talbot, Esq., 
of Salesbury was assessed on lands of yearly value of £21-13-6, 
or on nearly fifteen times as much. In a subsidy of 1611, George 

• A ruinous building. 






iAfj^i ojuui-' A 



28 

Talbot paid 16 d. on lands in Wilpshire valued at 20 s. per year. 
(See "History of Blackburn", p. 87.) 

During the sixteenth century the whole able-bodied male 
population of England between the ages of sbcteen and sbrty 
were held liable for military service, and militia musters were 
held every few years. In lo74 a "Levy of Arms" was held, 
by which the nobility and gentry were directed to supply 
specified military equipment according to their station. In 
the Parish of Bhickburn, George Talbot was to furnish "1 longe 
bowe, 1 sheffe of arrows, 1 scull, and 1 bill". (See "History of 
Blackburn", pp. 71-2.) 

The Blackburn Grannnar School (which still continues in 
active operation) was founded in 1509, and in 1567 was granted 
a charter of incorporation by Queen Elizabeth, its management 
being placed in the hands of a Board of Governors elected for 
life. George Talbot of Carr appears as a governor as early as 
1580 and presimiably continued in office over forty years until 
his death in 1628. His interest in this school is further shown 
in the following record in a subscription list of the Lancashire 
gentry in 1601 to augment the school's endowment: "George 
Talbot of the Carre, gent., of his owne gj'fte, the some of fourtie 
shillinges, whereof twentie shillinges for the Carre, and twentie 
shillinges for Wytton". (See "Chetham Society Publications", 
New Series, vol. 06, pp. ix, 8, 38, 69, and 116.) 

That George Talbot was considered a reliable business man is 
indicated by the fact that in 1607 he was appointed one of the 
trustees of the great landed estate of Sir Thomas Walmesley, 
Knt., an emment lawyer who had acquired an enormous fortune. 
(See "History of Blackburn", p. 434.) 

Preston was in ancient times the most important commercial 
center near Carr Hall. By charter of 1179 this place was 
granted a borough [or city] government, with special trade 
privileges to its burgesses [freemen], and also was granted the 
right to hold periodically a guild-merchant, which has been 
held once every twenty years for at least six centuries, the last 
one taking place in 1902. At these guild-merchants, the bur- 
gesses enrolled their names and the names of their sons and 
grandsons, and a pageant and a banquet were held with inter- 
esting ceremonies of great antiquity. The burgesses were of 
two classes, "In Burgesses" who dwelt in Preston itself, and 
"Foreign Burgesses" whose residences were outside the city. 
Burgesses paid a fine (or fee) on their admission, and at subse- 
quent guild-merchants they attended, and the sons of burgesses 



tf 



'>q - i- '; h'>!'iij< 



.,■■") 






29 

had special rights of admission on account of their birth. Some 
families continued as burgesses for several generations, and the 
recording of their names every twenty years gives some lengthy 
pedigrees on these rolls which are preserved complete from 1512, 
and a few earlier rolls exist back to 1397. 

The Talbots of Carr Hall appear among the foreign burgesses 
on the Preston Guild Rolls of 1602 and 1622 as follows: 
Preston Gun.D Rolls. 
Roll of 1602. 
George Talbott of Carr, sworn. 
John Talbott, son of him, sworn. 
William Talbott, brother of him [John]. 
George Talbott, son of said John. 
Edward Talbott, brother of him [George] 

Roll of 1622. 

George Talbott of Carr, gent. 

John Talbott, son of him. 

Edward Talbott, son of him [John]. 

Thomas Talbott, brother of him [Edward]. 

John Talbott, brother of him [Thomas]. 
At the next guild-merchant held in 1642, the Talbots of Carr 
failed to attend and disappear from the rolls. 

Georgei8 Xalbot was a lad of tliirteen years when Queen 
Elizabeth succeeded to the throne in 1558 and firmly and per- 
manently established the Protestant Church of England, to 
which the vast majority of the people of England conformed. 
But a small part of the population, particularly in Yorkshire, 
Lancashire, and Cheshire, clung to the old Catholic faith, and 
the Talbots of Salesbury and the Talbots of Carr continued 
steadfast Catholics through the sLxteenth and seventeenth 
centuries. Two of the sons and several grandsons of George'^ 
Talbot became Catholic priests. The Catholics endured various 
sacrifices for their convictions, as from 1578 to 1791, no public 
Catholic churches were allowed in England and their adherents 
were subjected to constant surveillance and various persecu- 
tions hke double taxation and heavy fines. They were therefore 
obliged to hold their services largely in private chapels of the 
wealthy landed Catholic gentry, but were generally buried in the 
churches or church yards of the Church of England. From time 
to time lists of Catholics, called "Recusant Rolls" were com- 
piled, which state the penalties of their recusancy, most of which 
are now at the Public Record Office in London. In a Recusant 



ftv 



id J ij. 



30 

Roll of 1592, preserved among the manuscripts of the Marquis 
of Salisbury, upix'ar in I/fincr'^'hire, John Talbot of Salysbury, 
Esq., George Talbot and Robert Talbot of Salisbury, gents., 
and Geor|:;e Talbot of Carre, gent. (See "Historical Manu- 
scrii)t Commission, lOlh Report", part 4, pp. 265-G.) 

George'* Talbot was the builder of the messuage or mansion 
house of Carr Hall which still remains in unchanged general form 
on the old estate, so this seems a desirable place to give a descrip- 
tion of this interesting old dwelling-house. During the sover- 
eignty of Elizabeth (1558-1603), a great wave of prosperity 
bwept over England, and the latter half of her reign -^-itnessed 
the reconstruction and enlargement of old structures and the 
erection of new manor-houses, mansions, and farm-houses, all 
over England. \Yhether tlie ancient messuage on the Carr 
estate happened to be destroyed by fire, or had become so dilapi- 
dated from age as not to be worth rebuilding, has not been ascer- 
Uiined; but it is evident, from its style of architecture, that the 
present "Carr Hall" was a new building erected about 1580 by 
George'* Talbot. His sale of his Tadcaster property to his 
half-sister Margaret Aspden in 1579 perhaps provided the means 
for building his new mansion. 

Carr Hall faces the north-west, is built of stone, and consists 
of a central block with two projecting wings, the favorite plan 
of such houses built tewp. Elizabeth. It measures about seventy 
feet across the front and thirty-five feet in depth. The walls 
are of stone, over two feet thick, and the roof is covered with 
stone tiles about two feet square and nearly two inches thick; 
the outside walls have been kept whitewashed in recent years. 
The floor of the first story is paved with flagstones about two 
feet square. The narrow mullions in the windows are of stone, 
and the ancient diamond-shaped leaded lights in the sashes 
were replaced by plain glass less than twenty-five years ago. 
The flower garden in front of the house, surrounded with a five- 
foot wall, extends the whole width of the building and is about 
a hundred feet deep from the entrance gate to the front door of 
the house. The writer visited the place on November 7, 1905, 
and spent the morning in carefully examining, measuring, and 
sketching the house. The building shows its age and is con- 
siderably the worse for wear; but the central block and westerly 
(or right hand) wing are still comfortably habitable as a farm 
house. The easterly (or left-hand) wing, originally containing 
the great "hall" (or Hving room) and the "great chamber'' 
over it, is in a ruinous condition, and used only for farm storage^ 



0£ 



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m, 




^ >':' . •^'^■•-',' ^JE'I IUjGvo^Xi; f 1^. 









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31 

The atreompanying perspective drawing and plans show the 
appearance and arrangement of the house during its occupancy 
by four generations of Talbots from about 1580 to 1710. The 
great "hall" (or living room) was twenty feet wide and thirty 
feet long, with a massive fireplace at the rear end; the "dining 
hall" was about twenty feet square and also had a large fire- 
place; and the third hearth was in the "kitchen" which was 
about thirteen feet wide and thirty feet long. In an ell, half 
under gromid and back of the kitchen, was a "buttery" about 
twelve by fifteen feet, reached from the kitchen by a short 
flight of stone steps, now well worn down by the footsteps of 
busy housewives during over three centuries. In the second 
story were the "great chamber", over the great hall and of the 
same size; the "middle chamber", over the dining hall and 
about fourteen feet wide and twenty feet long; the "little stair- 
head chamber", over the kitchen and about thirteen feet square; 
and the "other chamber", mostly over the kitchen and about 
sixteen feet wide and twenty feet long. All the above rooms are 
so named and mentioned in the inventory in 1709 of the estate 
of George^^ Talbot, the last of the Talbots who owned Carr Hall, 
and great-grandson of its builder George^^ Talbot. After the 
Talbots had disposed of Carr Hall, the inside was altered to 
make it suitable for two families, by dividing the great hall and 
great chamber over it each into two rooms, and by building a 
small new stair hall in the front of the left hand wing, for which a 
new small window was cut through the front wall. At the same 
time, two of the five divisions of the great front window of this 
wing were blocked up, to save tax on window glass. These 
disfiguring changes appear in the cut which heads the article on 
Carr Hall by Mr. Abram, this cut showing the front as it exists 
at the present time. In 1710 Anne Talbot, widow of George-' 
Talbot of Carr Hall, sold the estate to the trustees of Barthol- 
omew Walmesley, Esq., from whom it descended to the Petre 
family and still is included in their very large landed estate. 
Up to 1906 a family named Hill had been for three generations 
the tenants of Carr Hall; but in that year the Petres made a 
lease of the property to a family named Carr who have since 
occupied it. 

After owning and occupying Carr Hall for the remarkable 
period of eighty years, George'^ Talbot died at the age of eighty- 
three years and was buried in Whalley Church, 4 June 1628. 
At that period it was a custom among the nobility and landed 
gentry to have an officer or deputy from the College of Arms to 



f8 






J • 



7 
S2 

direct their funeral obsequies with various ceremonies according 
to the rank of tlie deceased, and to draw up a "funeral certifi- 
cate" which included a })edigree of the deceased and account of 
his children. During the reign of James I. and Charles I. 
(1G03-1G49), Randle Holme of Chester, as a deputy to the 
heralds of the College of Arms, was much employed in this line 
by the gentry of Lancashire and Chesliire; and it is likely that 
the pedigree of the Talbots of Carr made in 1G28, which remains 
among his manuscripts was compiled by him from a funeral 
certificate he prepared at the time of the obsequies of George^* 
Talbot on 4 June 1628. (See ante, pp. 18-19.) 

George^^ Talbot married first, at Whalley Church, 27 June 
1569, AxN'E NowELL, born about 1550, eldest daughter of Roger 
and Elizabeth (Paslowe) Nowell of Little Mearley, co. Lancaster; 
the witnesses to this marriage were Thomas and Alexander 
\Yhittingham, Edward Mages, Edmund Middleton, John Turner, 
and many others, according to the record of the wedding in 
the \Mialley registers. 

The Nowells of Little IMearley, co. Lancaster, were minor 
landed and armorial gentry and a junior branch of the more 
important and very ancient Nowells of Great Mearley and 
Reade Ilall. In the Visitation of Lancashire in 1567, Roger 
Nowell entered the following pedigree of 

Nowell. of Little Merley 

Arms. — Quarterly: 1 and 4- Argent, three covered cups, sable, gar- 
nished or [Noicell]; 2 and 3. Gules, a 'pelican in piety, or, foliage vert, 
nest of tfie second [Gaskill]. 

William Nowell of Mereley, co. Lancaster, = 
second brother to Adam Nowell I 

I ^ 

Henry Nowell of Little Mereley, descended = 
of a second sonae of the house of Greate Merely 



Roger Nowell == Ilelene, dau. of William 
of Little Merely Lyster of Meddope, co. Ebor., ar. 



y Tbys 



Christopher Nowell =. Julyan, dau. and heire of William Gasgyll 



of Little Merely 



[Gaskill] of Ilemyngton, co. Lancaster, gent., 
and of his wyi, dau. and heire of Robert 
Remington, co. Lancaster, ar. 



it 



33 



1 

Roger Nowell = 


i 1 

:= Elizabeth dau. Alexander 


.1 

Elizabeth 


of Little jSIere- 


of Thomas sans yssue. 


maryed to John 


ley, now 


Pav/slowe of Helena 


Bayly of Clyde- 


lyving. 


^Yyswale, co. maryed to 


rowe, CO. Lan- 


anno 1567. 


Lancaster, gent 


caster, gent. 



I I I I III. 

Christopher John Anne* Jane Grace Mary Catherine 

Nowell, Sonne 2 sonne 
and heire 

("Chetham Society Pubhcations," vol. 81, p. 33.) 

Anne (Nowell) Talbot died between 1581 and 1587, having 
had at least ten children. 

George^* Talbot married secondly, at Whalley Church, 3 
Aug. 1587, Anne Holdp:x, whose ancestry has not been learned. 
She appears in a Recusant Roll of 34 Elizabeth (1592-3) as 
"xinna Tall)ott de Carre ux Georgli Talbott, gen". (Recusant 
Roll No. I, 3i Elizabeth, mem. 24.) She was buried at Whalley 
Church, 13 May 1612, having had at least two children. 

Children of George^^ Talbot by his first wife Anne (Nowell), 
recorded in the registers of Whalley: 

i. Nicholas'', bapt. 31 Mar. 1570; bur. 15 Apr. 1571. 
19. ii. John, bapt. 27 Mar. 1571; succeeded to Carr Hall. 

iii. Thomas, bapt. 20 Jan. 1572/3; entered the Jesuit Enghsh 
College at Rome in 1591, was ordained a priest 1 May 1597, 
and entered the Society of Jesus in 1598. After serving as 
penitentiary at Loretto, he was appointed rector and master 
of novices at St. John's, I>ouvain, in 1607. In 1015 he was 
sent to England as associate to Father Blount. In 1022 he 
was in the Northamptonshire Mission; in 1639 in the College 
of the Holy Apostles, Suffolk District, and in 1642 in the Col- 
lege of the Blessed Aloysius. where he died about 1052, aged 
about eighty years. (See Foley's "Records of the English 
College of the Society of Jesus", vol. 1, p. 658 and vol. 7, p. 
758.) 
iv. EuzABETH, bapt. 28 May 1574; living 1016. 
V. Bridget, bapt. 11 Nov. 1575; living 1616. 
vi. Mary, bapt. 19 Mar. 1576/7; Hving 1616. 
vii. RiCH.\Rn, bapt. 23 Feb. 1577/8; became a Catholic priest; 
living in 1616. 

* Two years after the Visitation, this Anne Nowell married in 1569, 
George" Talbot, as before stated. 



,1 f ■• r.(u 



34 

viii. Dorothy, bapt. 1 Aug. 1579; bur. at Church-Elirk, 5 May 
1657; m. Ralph Risitton of Pontbalgh and Mickle-Hey in 
tbe townsbip of Rishton, son of William and Kleanor (Char- 
nock) Risliton, and descended from an ancient family of that 
place. 

Children (Rishton): 

1. WiLLi.\-M, b. 1006, heir to Ponthalgh. 

2. Anne, d. unm. 

3. Ralph. 

4. Margaret; m. John Buck. 

5. Euwakd, b. in 1614, entered the Jesuit English College 
at Rome in 1634. At his matriculation he stated: 
"I am twenty years of age and son of Ralph and 
Dorothy [Talbot] Rishton, both of respectable famihes. 
My father before his death became a Catholic. My 
mother is still living; also four brothers and three 
sisters, all Catholics". He was ordained a priest 3 
Apr. 1039. (See Foley's "Records of the English 
College of the Society of Jesus", vol. 1, p. 659.) 

6. John, d. unm. 

7. Roger. 

8. Dorothy, d. unm. 

ix. Frances" bapt. li Jan. 1580/1; living 1616. 

X. Catherine, b. abt. 1583, living 1016; m. J.viiES Rishton of 
Mickle-Hey, a relative of Ralph Rishton of Ponthalgh, hus- 
band of her sister Dorothy. 
Children (Rishton): 

1. Edward, eldest son and heir, b. about 1608, 

2. Frances. 

3. Ralph, b. in 1612; matriculated at the Jesuit English 
College at Rome in 1032, stating: "I am twenty years 
of age and son of James and Catherine [Talbot] Rish- 
ton of Micklehey in Rishton, and my parents are of the 
middle class. My father's relatives are heretics but 
esteemed for wealth. Nearly all on ray mother's side 
are Cathohcs and some of them of good note, viz., 
two of my mother's brothers, botli of whom studied in 
tliis College and are in the Society of Jesus, viz., Thomas 
and \Yilliam, sons of George Talbot of Carr Hall. I 
have brothers Edward and John, and sisters Frances 
and Anne". (See Foley's "Records of the Enghsh 
College of the Society of Jesus", vol. 1, p. 658.) 

4. John. 

5. Anne. 

Children of George'^ Talbot by his second wife Anne (Hol- 
den), recorded in the registers of Whalley: 



3^ 1713553 

xi. NiCHOL-^s^', b. about 1590; bur, 10 Apr. 1595. 
xii. WiLUAM, b. about 1597; mentioned in the Preston Guild Roll 
of lCO-2; entered the Jesuit English College at Rome 13 Oct. 
IGIC, stating: "I am nineteen years of age and my parents 
are of the upper class of society. I have three brothers and 
six sisters, all Catholics". He received minor orders in 1617, 
and was ordained a priest and admitted to the Society of 
Jesus at Liege in 1G19. For several years he served in the 
missions at Paris and Rouen. Later he was a missioner in 
the College of St. Ignatius (London District) in 164-2, and in 
the College of the Holy Apostles (SufYolk District) in 1649; 
and in 1655 returned to London where he d, 13 May 1060. 
(See Foley's "Records of the English College of the Society 
of Jesus", vol. 1, p. 659, and vol. 7, p. 760.) He was buried 
in the Church of St. Pancras, Loudon, where his monument 
bears the following inscription: 

Here lyeth the body of William 
Talbot, of Carr, in the county 
of Lancaster, gent. \Yho dyed 
the 2°*^ day of May in the yeare 
of our Ix)rd 1660. 
Aged 60 yeares. 

(See Cansick's "Epitaphs of Middlesex", vol. 1, p. 1.) Ap- 
parently the age on this inscription is understated by about 
three years. 

19. J0HN19 TALBOT, born at Carr HaU, about 11 V. ^L. 
Sunday, 25 Mar. 1571, and baptized at Whalley Church '•27 Mar. 
1571, succeeded to the ancestral estate, at the age of fifty-seven 
years, on the death of his father in 1628. On 22 Dec. 1G2S, he 
was elected a governor of the Blackburn Grammar School, and 
paid the usual election fee of 10 s. (See "Chetham Society 
Publications", New Series, vol. 67, pp. 165-6.) After lCv42 his 
name disappears from the school records as attending the 
meetings of the governors. Although he was enrolled under his 
father in the Preston Guild Rolls of 1602 and 1622, he did not 
attend the guild-merchant of 1642; so the family lost their 
citizenship as foreign burgesses of Preston. (See ante, p. 29.) 

Being a Catholic, John Talbot suffered the penalties of main- 
taining his religious convictions, as appears from the following 
entries on the Recusant Rolls: 

5 Charles I. [1629]. John Talbott of Carr, gent., for the 
rent of one messuage and 40 acres of land etc. in Whilpeshire; 
fine £10. (Recusant Roll no. 37, Lancashire.) 

7 Charles L [1631]. John Talbott of Carr in the township 



a. 



36 

of \Millpsliire and Edward Talbott his son, for the rent of two 
parts of one messuage and 40 acres of land etc.; fine £6-13-4. 
(ilecusant Roll no. 39, Lancashire.) 

Among the manuscripts of Lord Kenyon are two letters to 
his ancestor Roger Kenyon, from the Talbots of Carr. One 
letter written by John Talbot on 18 July 1G30, advises Kenyon 
to buy of a man named Carr a bellows for a lead smelter; he 
states "I gave ray smelter a noble a tunne". The other letter 
written by Edward Talbot on 10 Sept. 1631, says, "Thomas 
Cawcroft will give £3-10-0 for the lead ore gotten, and £3-2-0 
for the ore to get. The sicknesse is sore in Hcptonscale". 
(See "Historical Mss. Commission, Appendix to 14'^ Report", 
part 4, j)p. 40 and 46.) It is certain that the Talbots engaged in 
lead smelting, as a kiln and a smelter at Carr Hall are men- 
tioned in the chance rj' suit in 1682 of George^^ Talbot vs. Ed- 
ward Braddyll. (See post, p. 64.) 

By indenture of 24 Aug. 4 Charles L (1628), between John^^ 
Talbot of Carr of the first part, Edward Talbot his son and heir 
of the second part, and Thomas Holden of Witton, Thomas 
^Yinckley of Billington, John Barker, gent., Edward Rishton, 
and Thomas Greenfield, of the third part, feoffees, a portion of 
Carr estate was conveyed to the use of said Edward Talbot 
and Mabel his wife for life, as part of her jointure, with re- 
mainder to their heir. (See suit of Mabel Talbot vs. Edward 
Braddyll and Richard Hurst, post, p. 41.) 

A few years later, John^^ Talbot found himself in financial 
difficulties, and he and his son and heir Edward-^^ Talbot placed 
encumbrances on the property, under which the hitter's son and 
heir George^^ Talbot struggled for nearly forty years before he 
succeeded in clearing the estate in 1685. On 20 Apr. 1634, 
Edward Talbot, son of John, mortgaged a moiety [half] of the 
Carr for ninety years to Thomas Cockroft, as security for a loan 
of £60. (See chancery suit of George-^ Talbot vs. Edward 
Braddyll, post, p. 63; and suit in the Palatinate Court of Lan- 
caster of Edward Braddyll vs. Thomas Lawe, post, p. 57.) 
Also, about 1635, John and Edward Talbot further mortgaged 
their interests in the Carr to Thomas Greenfield and John Crom- 
bock, as trustees in behalf of John Osbaldeston, as security for 
a loan of £100. (See suit in the Palatinate Court of Lancaster 
of Thomas Greenfield vs. George Talbot, post, p. 47.) 

The appended record of the family of John Talbot is preserved 
in the calendar of a fifteenth century illuminated manuscript 






OP. 



! " . 



:'• ■■) 



•> ,.-.\l 



37 

breviary, which in 1880 was in the possession of John Ingilby, 
Esq., of Austwick, co. York. 

Marcius 11. Anne Tall)otte borne this day ia y niorninge 1505 
being Tuesday, and dyed when she was eleven weekes oulde. 

Marcius ^3. Eliz. Talbott borne this day beiuge Wednesday 1613 
being foure in y« morninge. 

Marcius 2o. Jo. Talbot sonne of Go. Talbott borne anno 1571 
about 11 of y*^ clockc at noc* beinge Sonday. 

Marcius 26. Anne Talbott borne anno 1601 about five of }■• clocke 
in the morninge. 

Aprilis 17. Margarett Talbott borne anno 1602, six of y« clocke in y« 
morninge being Saturday. 

Mains 2. George Talbott was borne anno 1597 hora quasi octava 
vespere beinge Monday. 

Mains 24. Tho. Talbott borne anno 1603 aboute foure of y« clocke 
in ye morninge beinge Tuesdaye. 

JuJius 2. Dorethy Bradill maried to John Talbott, anno 1595. 

Julius 25. Edwarde Talbott was borne anno 1599 post meridiem 
hora quasi secunda beiuge Wednesdaye. 

Julius 25. Frances Talbott y^ same daye prima hora post meridiem 
anno 1610. 

Augustus 2. Marie Talbott borne anno 1606 about twoo of y 
clocke in tlie morninge, beinge Saturday. 

September 24. Briget Talbott borne anno 1612 about three of >•* 
clocke in y« morninge being Thursday. 

October 3. Dorelty doughte'' of Ed. Bradyll borne 1572. 

December 13. John Talbott sonne of Jo. was borne anno 1607 
about three of y clocke in the morninge in the greate froste beinge 
Sunday. (See "Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica", New Series, 
vol. 3, p. 200.) 

The will of Hugh Sherburne of Chipping, co. Lancaster, gent., 
dated 4 Jan. 1640/1, mentions his nephew Richard Sherburne 
of Bailey Hall, his nephew Adam Houghton, his nephew John 
Talbott of the Carr, and his cousin Richard Sherburne of Hig- 
ham. (Proved at Chester in Apr. 1641.) The testator was a 
younger son of Richard Sherburne of Bailey by Anne his wife 
widow of Nicholas^^ Talbot of Carr, and so half-brother of 
George^^ Talbot of Carr and uncle of John^^ Talbot of Carr. 

The last mention found of John^' Talbot is 18 Apr. 164-2 u hen 
he attended a meeting of the governors of the Blackburn Gram- 
mar School. (See "Chetham Society Publications", New 
Series, vol. 67 p. 208.) He probably died soon after, aged 
seventy-one years, about the time of the commencement of the 
Civil War; but the exact time of his decease is unknown. 



re 



■. ;..l^.v«^->M ■ :'t 



.-J ,•.•,.. 



38 



He married 2 July 1595, Dorothy Braddtll, born 3 Oct. 
1572, and baptized the next day at Whalley Church, daughter 
of Edward and Anne (Asheton) Braddyll of Portfield in Whalley 
Parish, Lancashire. She Avas buried on 27 June 103-1. The 
family of Braddyll of Brockhole in the township of Billington, 
Blackburn Parish, was of great antiquity and derived the name 
from a manor called Bradliull, located in Billington. 

Braddyll Pf:DiGREE. 

Arms: — Argent, a cross lozengy, vert, oppressed by a bend, gobonated, 
ermine and azure. 

Thomas^ de Bradhull r== 
(b.abt. 11G5). liv. 1199 and 1^216 



I 

Roger- r= 
<b.abt.ll95) 
d. bef. 1247 



i I 

Thomas Bobert 
liv. 1246 liv. 1246 



I 

Henry^ : 
(b. abt. 1220) liv. 
1247, 1259 



1271, 1273 



Henry^ de Bradhull = 
(b. abt. 1270) hv. I 
1292, 1293, 
1311, 1322 



r 

John* =p Margaret de 
(b. abt. 1295) Hv. j Symonstone 
1332, 1333 



I 

Henry^ de Bradhull 
(b. abt. 
1365, 



:l' 

BradhuU = 
1325) Uv. I 
, 1378 



r 

Henry« Bradhull of Brockhole = 
(b. abt. 1350) the Erst of the family 
mentioned in the Visitation of 1567 



I 

John 

liv. 1246 



Geoffrey 
Hv. 1284 



I— 

Walter* = Alice de Dinkley John 

(b. abt. 1245) Hv. " Hv. 1285 



I 

John 
liv. 1311, 
1324; d. 

1329 



1 

Henry 
liv. 1339 



39 

a 

i ' 

John' Brudhull === 
(b. abt. 1S80) liv. 1425 



Edward'" Bradhull == 
(b. abt. 1405) 



Richard" Braddyll of Brockliole = Margery dau. of W^ 
(b. abt. 1430) liv. 1460 I Harrington 



John^ Braddyll 
(b. abt. 1455) 



I 
Edward'' Bradd 



Emote, dau. of 
^^'^' Pollard 



x^uwaru" jjiautiyn ==: d« 
(b. abt. 1480) I Cn 
bur. at ^YLalley 155-2 

r — — - 



Jennett 
ombock 



I 

Richard 



John" Braddyll, Esq. = Jennett 
(b. abt. 1505) bur. at Foster 
Whalley 18 Nov. 1578 



I 
Richard 



William 
a priest 



i 

William 



I 

William 



1554 ' 

Anne Asheton === Edward'^ Braddyll == Ellen Starkey 



bur. 29 Dec. 15S6 



(b. 1534) bur. 
G Oct. 1G07 



John" 
b. 1557 



Jane 
b. 15/ 



Lettice 
b. 1559 



Richard 
b. 15G0 



I 

Aime 
b. 1562 



Edward 
b. 15G3 



I 111 11 

Ralph" Elizabeth Cuthbert Gilbert Stephen Catherme 
b. 1564 b. 1565 b. 156G b. 1567 b. 1569 b. 1570 



I 

Dorothyi' 
b. 3 Oct. 
1572 



, John Talbot 
of Carr Hall 



I 

Thomas 
b. 1574 



Margaret 
b. 1576 



Bernard 
b. 1577 



Edward Talbot 
of Carr Hall 

1650, 



Mabel 
Carletoa 

2d 



I 

Katherine^* — Gilbert Lawe 



Anne = George Talbot = Anne 
Ryley I of Carr Hdl d. 1716 
d.1660 V b. 1624, d. 1709 



b. abt. 1591 
d. Aug. 1G71 

Thomas Lawe 



of Whalley 



Q8 



.;da .d) 






\ 



li,,-' 



40 

Children of John^^ and Dorothy (Braddyll) Talbot, as re- 
corded iu tlie ancient breviary before mentioned: 

i. Anxe^o, b. 11 Mar. 1595/G; bur. at AMiallcy 1 June 159C. 
ii. George, b. 2 INIay 1597; mentioned as son of John on the 
Preston Guild Roll's of IGO-?; d. before 1G25, umn. 
20. iii. Edward, b. 25 July 1599; succeeded to Carr IlaU. 
iv. AxxE, b. 26 Mar. 1601. 

V. MA.RGAKET, b. 17 Apr. 1602; m. Richard Sherbitene. 
vi. Tno^L^s, b. 24 May 1603. 
vii. ISLvRY, b. 2 Aug. 1606. 

viii. John, b. 13 Dec. 1607; became a Franciscan monk. 
L\. Frances, b. 25 July 1610. 
X. BiiiDGET, b. 24 Sept. 1612. 
xi. Elizabeth, b. 23 Mar. 1013/14. 

20. EDWAED^^o TALBOT, born at Carr Ilall, about 2 P. M., 
Wednesday, 25 July 1599, is next found on records in 1C02 and 
1622 when enrolled on the Preston Guild Rolls under his father 
John^^ Talbot and grandfather George^^ Talbot (See ante, pp. 28 
and 29.) Records of Edward Talbot also appear in the pedigree 
compiled in 1G2S by Randle Holme, in a recusant roll in 1631, 
and in a letter to Roger Kenyon the same year. (See ante, pp. 
19, 36.) On 24 Aug. 1628, he and his wife ^label were deeded 
a life interest in part of the Carr Hall estate by his father John^^ 
Talbot; and in 1634 and 1635 he joined with his father in mort- 
gaging the estate to Thomas Cockroft for a loan of £60, and also 
to Thomas Greenfield and John Crombocke, trustees in behalf 
of John Osbaldeston, for a loan of £100. (See a7ite, p. 36, 
post, pp. 41, 03, 47.) Upon the death of his father about 1642, 
Edward-" Talbot succeeded to the ancestral estate, which they 
had encumbered as above stated; but he survived his father less 
than five years, dying before 1047. 

In a lawsuit ui 1684-5, by Thomas Greenfield vs. George^^ 
Talbot (son of Edward), George-^ Talbot stated that in Oct. 
1647, his grandfather and father, "the said John and Edward 
Talbot, were then both dead, and this defendant's estate was 
under sequestration for their loyalty to King Charles I." 
(See post, p. 48.) Nearly all the Catholic gentry of Lancashire 
supported the King against Parliament in the great Civil \^'a^, 
1642-1615; and as Edward Talbot was then a man about forty- 
five years old in the prime of life, he doubtless served as an 
officer in the Royalist army and fought in some of the san- 
guinary conflicts of that momentous struggle. He certainly 
died durmg the Civil War (1642-1645), but probably not while 



Oi> 









41 

in military service, as his son would probably have mentioned 
such a supreme sacrifice to the Royal cause. 

Edward-'' Talbot married about 1G23, j\L\bel Cakleton', 
born about 1581 (?), daughter of Launcelot Carleton. (See 
Talbot pedigree of Randle Holme in 1G28, and Visitation of 
Lancashire in 1064-5, ante, pp. 19 and 17.) 

In 1652, George-' Talbot of Carr was charged by the Common- 
wealth with "delinquency" in supporting the Royal cause at the 
battle of Wigan, 25 Aug. 1651; and one John Lonsdale deposed 
that "Mrs. Mabel Talbott of Carr, widow, mother of said 
George, furnished one Andrew Carleton with arras and sent 
him to the Earl of Derby v.ho was then in Preston with his 
[Royalist] forces; and at the fight at Wigan said Carleton v.- as 
taken prisoner by the Parliament forces, and ye said ]\Irs. Tal- 
bot sent money to relieve him". (See post, p. 50.) This. 
Andrew Carleton vv'as evidently her nephew, son of her brother 
Ambrose Carleton. (See -post, p. 43.) 

On 17 Feb. 1657/8, Mabell Talbott of the Carr in ^^Tiilp- 
shire, co. Lancaster, widow, complained that she had a life 
interest in part of same, being a portion of her marriage jointure 
with Edward Talbott, gent., deceased, by indenture dated 24 
Aug. 4 Charles I. [1628], made between John Talbot, late of 
said Carr, gent., deceased, of one part, said Edward Talbot, 
gent., deceased, son and heir of said John, of the second part, 
and Thomas Holden of Witton, Thomas Winckley of Billington, 
John Barker, gent., Edward Rishton, and Thomas Grecntleld, 
of the third part; by which she enjoj^ed same several years after 
the decease of her said husband. But recently one Edward 
Braddyll and one Richard Hurst, in confederacy, have tres- 
passed on complainant's estate by colour of deriving some estate 
therein from George Talbot, eldest son and heir of complainant, 
and they have seized and occupied part of the capital messuage 
called Carr Hall and part of the lands thereof, and have ousted 
complainant and her servants from her rights in the premises. 
A summons is prayed for against said Braddyl and Hurst. 
(Palatinate of Lancaster, Bills, 6, vol. 21, no. 9.) 

"Mrs. Mabbell Talbott of Carre, widowe", was buried at 
WTialley Church, 28 ^vlar. 1660. At her decease she was nearly 
eighty years of age, according to statements made by her son 
George^i Talbot and her daughter Dorothy (Talbot) Parker, 
in a chancery suit of the former vs. Edward Braddyll in 1682. 
(See post, p. 61.) If their statements were true, Mabel 
(Carleton) Talbot would have been nearly eighteen years older 



42 

than her husband; so her alleged age at death was probably 
somewhat exaggerated. 

While his ancestors had found wives among the gentry in the 
near neighborhood of Carr Hall, Edward-" Talbot's wife Mabel 
Carletou was born nearly a hundred miles to the north, being a 
native of Brampton in Cumberland, in which county her an- 
cestors had resided nearly five centuries, deriving their name 
as lords of Carleton, a manor in the parish of Fem-ith, co. Cum- 
berland. At the Visitation of Cumberland by Sir William 
Dugdale in 1GG5, Sir William Carleton, Xnt., of Carleton, then 
head of the family, entered a pedigree of eighteen generations. 
From this Visitation pedigree and other sources, the following 
pedigree was compiled and printed on pages 43-45 of the 
"Memorials of the Carletons", by Capt. Percival A. Carleton 
of the English Army, who died in 1SG9. 

Carleton of Cakleton Hall, Co. Cumberlakd. 

Arms: — Erm., on a h&nd sa., three plwons, arg. 

Baldwin^ de Carleton r:=: 

, ' 

Geofirey^ = 

I ■' 

Oduard' = 



i 

Henry* =i 

Gilberts := Fitzwilliam. 



I — • 

William* == Helen, dau. of Geoffrey de Stainton 
(b. abt. 1215) 

Adam^ = Sarah, dau. of Adam de Newton 
(b. abt. 1245) liv. 1286 I 

John' r=r: Dorothy, dau. of Henry de Brougham 
(b. abt. 1275) liv, 1303 ' 



Thomas' = Jane, dau. of Roger de Lancaster 
(b. abt. 1305) liv. 1325 I 



s^ 



\o\] y..Gvv tUoh • ')ue i'^:y'-n 



) r 



43 



Johnio „ 
(b. abt. 1335) liv. 1356 



Margaret, dau. of John de Moston 



Thomas" r=s Alice, dau. of George Dawbury 
(b. abt. 1375) d. 1448 " 



I 

Thomas^^ — Isabel, dau. of Gilbert Brougham 
b. 1423, d. 1519 T 

Thomas'2 sr= Agnes, dau. of Thomas Wibergh 
b. 1451 d. 1500 



I 

Thomas 
b. 1480 d. loo 



557 I 



Aime, dau. of Thomas Layton 



Thomas'^ = Mabel 
b. 1513, d. 8 Nov. 1587 I Carlisle 



Guyi5 



I 

Thomas'8 = Barbara 



I 
Launcelot" 



u 



b. 1547 

d. 14 May 

1598 at 

Carleton 



dau. uf Hugh of Brampton 
Lowther b. 1549, 

d. 1C15 



Eleanor George" 

Krkby b. 1559 

dau. of Bishop of 

Roger Chichester 



Thomas!^ Gerard : 
b. 15G8 b. 1570 



d. 1639 
s.p. 



d. before 
1638 



I 

Sir Williamis 
of Carleton Hall, 
b. 1607, liv. 1665 
Entered pedigree 
In Visitation 1665 
He m. twice, and 
had 3 children 



I 

Nichola Thomasi^ 
Elhot b. 1585 
a Royal- 
ist officer 



I 
Launcelot 
Settled in 
Ireland 
Gr.-gr.- 
father of 
Gen. Guy 
Carleton 
1st Baron 
Dorchester 



Peter Roger 



Ambrose^^ = 
b. abt. 1600 
of CO. Mon- 
aghan in 
Ireland 



I 
Andre wi» 



Rev. Guy 
b. abt. 1600 
Bishop of 
Chichester 



Mabel 
b. 1581 
d. 1060 



16^23 



Edward 
Talbot 
of Carr 



/vl) oi. I !,. 



e-» 



44 

The Carlelons were staunch adherents of King Charles I. 
during the Civil War (1C42-1G45), and several of them were 
officers in the Royalist army, among them Sir William Carleton, 
Knt., and his father's own cousins, Thomas, Launcelot, Roger, 
and Rev. Guy Carleton (later Bishop of Chichester), who were 
brothers of ISlabel Carleton, wife of Edward-'' Talbot of Carr 
HaU. 

Children of Edward-" and Mabel (Carleton) Talbot, born at 
Carr Hall: 
21. i. Gkokge", b. in 1624; eldest son and heir. 

ii. John, b. about 1C2G; lived in Wilpshire near Carr Hall where 
he farmed leased lands. lu a hearth tax of 25 Charles II. 
(1673), he was assessed for four hearths as a householder in 
Wilpshire. (Lay Subsidies, Lancashire, 132-355.) He d. 
intestale in 1680, administration on his estate being granted 
that year. (Probate llecords at Cliester.) The name of his 
wife has not been learned. 
Children*: 

1. Joux^2, b. perhaps about 1660; mentioned in the will of 
his uncle George-^ Talbot in 1708. (See post, p. .70) 
He is claimed to be ancestor of the Talhots of Wheelton 
in Leyland, co. Lancaster, who v/ere staunch Catholics; 
several members of this family became Jesuit priests 
during the eighteenth century. (See "Catholic 
Record Society", vol. 4, pp. 249-50, vol. 9, p. 183,-vol. 
14, p. 330, and vol. 16, p. 424-5.) 

2. Thomas; mentioned in the will of liis uncle George^^ 
Talbot in 1708. (See post, p. 70.) 

iii. Dorothy^', b. in 1G28; as "Dorothy, wife of Richard Parker of 
Great Harwood, yeoman, aged fifty-four years", she deposed 
on 13 Sept. 1683, that she was sister of George Talbot of Carr, 
etc. (See chancery suit of George-' Talbot vs. Edward ]>rad- 
dyll, post, p. 61.) She m. (1), at Great Harwood, 3 June 
1654, Ellis Duckworth, who d. in 1667; she m. (2), in 1671, 
Richard Parker. 

In 1702, Thomas Duxbury of Rishtou, co. Lancaster, com- 
plained that Ellis Duckworth, late of Harwood, deceased, 
left three daughters, viz., Katherine who m. Alexander Mer- 
cer, Anne who m. complainant, and Jane who d. in Ixjndon and 

* The Ust of children, baptized in Blackburn Church, assigned to the 
above John=' Talbot in Mr. Abram's accounts of the Talbots of Carr, 
evidently belong to another John Talbot who was of Cowhill in Rish- 
ton and later Wilpshire and Clayton in the Dale and married in 1665 
Mary Sudell. This John Talbot was bapt. 17 May 1641, son of John 
and Jcnnett (Clayton) Talbot, and grandson of Richard and Alice 
(Duckworth) Talbot. (See "History of Blackburn", pp. 642-3.) 



lif. .' 



45 

by her will left £100 between her two sisters, and made her 
' master executor. Said Katherine went to London and lias 

seized the uhole legacy, and refuses to give coir, pi a iuu at the 
share of his v/ife who d. two years ago. Katherine Mercer, 
defendant, answers that her father Ellis Duckworth d. thirty- 
four years ago [1GG7] leaving a widow Dorothy and three 
children, Katherine aged ten years, Jane aged five years, and 
Anne aged two years, who m. (1), Lambert Clarke and m. 
(2), the complainant. Said Jane lived in London about 
fifteen years, and by her will gave her two sisters £50 each, 
made her master James Whitchurch of London executor, and 
d. in Aug. 1G96. The defendant has received only her own 
share. (Palatinate of Lancaster, Bills, vol. 48, p. 89; and 
Answers, vol. 107, p. 21.) 

Children by first marriage (Duckworth). 

1. KA-THEravK, b. abt. 1656; m. Alexander Mercer. 

2. jA>ri'., b. abt. 1661; d. in Loudon in Aug. 1696, unm. 
The will of Jane Duckworth of London, spinster, dated 
1 Aug. 1600. To sisters Katherine Mercer and Ann 
Clarke £50 each. Brother-in-law Alexander Mercer.. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Cole, and Mr. Todd the minister. 
My master James \Yhitchurch, merchant of Loudon, 
executor. Proved 31 Aug. 1696. (Archdeaconry of 
London.) 

3. Anne, b. abt. 1664; m. (1), Laiibert Clarke; and m. 
(2), TnoiL^s DuxBURY. 

Children by second marriage (Parker) : 

4. JoiiN/b. abt. 1672; Uving in 1708. 

5. ALEX.A.XDER, b. abt. 1674; Uving in 1708 when he and 
his brother are named in the will of their uncle George" 
Talbot of Can HaU. {Sec post, p. 70.) 

21. GE0RGE21 T.U.BOT, born at Carr Hall about lf)2i, 
eldest son of Edward and Mabel (Carleton) Talbot, on the 
death of his father about 1615 succeeded to the ancestral estate. 
The earliest mention found of him is in the pedigree compiled 
by Randle Holme in 1628, when he is stated to be "ae. 5". 
(See ante, p. 19.) 

George^i Talbot entered upon his inheritance about 1645 
under unfavorable conditions and in troublous times. Im- 
poverished by heavy fines for adherence to the Catholic faith, 
his father Edward^'' Talbot and grandfather John^' Talbot had 
been obliged about 10:)5 to raise money by placing mortgages on 
the estate. His father Edward-*' Talbot had fought for the 
defeated King Charles I. during the Civil War (1642-1645), 



46 

and so made the estate subject to further fines by Parhament. 
As a chniax to his difficulties, George-^ Talbot was unwise 
enough to join the Ro^ahst uprising in 1651 under Charles II., 
and fought in the forces of Earl of the Derby at the battles of 
Wigan and Worcester, in which the Royalists were defeated 
and the uprising was crushed. For his participation in this 
rebellion, the Carr Hall estate was sequestered by Parhament 
and subjected to additional fiues. 

As a result of these com])licaiions, numerous lawsuits took 
place about the property, the records of which provide most of 
the information secured concerning George"^ Talbot. To clear 
his estate, in 1657 he deeded it to his second cousin Edward 
Braddyll for a term of thirty-one years for £320, of which £300. 
was applied to pay off all former encumbrances. So from 
1657 to 1685 George-i Talbot was totally out of possession of 
the Carr estate, and "very poor" as he himself states; how 
he maintained himself during this period of nearly thirty 
years, has not been determined. It is certain that from about 
1674 to 1676 he lived at Preston, co. Lancaster (then the most 
im})ortant seaport of northwestern England). For a few years 
previous to 1682 he lived in Ireland where his mother's relatives, 
the Carletons, had settled and were flourishing; possibly he was 
in their employ or under their patronage. Previous to 1670 he 
married a second wife, from whom he probably acquired the 
means to bring a chancery suit in 1682 against Edward Brad- 
dyll, by which he redeemed his ancestral estate of Carr Hall in 
1685, which he thereafter possessed and occupied until his death 
in 1709. 

George^i Talbot became involved in litigation soon after he 
succeeded to Carr Hall, his first lawsuit taking place in 1649 
against his second-cousin, the widow Lettice (PraddyU) Green- 
field. The circumstances leading up to this suit and the con- 
sequences ensuing are related in another suit brought tliirty- 
five years later \)y Thomas Greenfield Jr. (son of the above 
Lettice Greenfield) against George*^ Talbot, of which an ab- 
stract is herewith appended: 

Greenfield vs. Talbot. 
On 28 Nov. 1684, Thomas Greenfield of Preston, co. Lan- 
caster, gent., son and heir of Thomas Greenfield, gent., deceased, 
complains that about fifty years ago John Talbot of Carr Hall, 
gent., and Edward Talbot his son, both long since deceased, being 
seized of said estate of about two [sic] hundred acres, did 



r-. ; I 



47 

convey to complainant's father (or to John Crombock in trust 
for him) a part of said estate for a long term of years, as security 
for a loan of £108, which was not paid when due, so said estate 
became forfeited to complainant's father. But by entreaty of 
said two Talbots tlic mortgage was continued on interest, v.-ith 
the estate in said Crombock as trustee. Complainant's father 
died in 1G47 leaving complainant tlien aged about three years, 
as his heir, who should have succeeded to the premises. But 
on the marriage of complainant's mother to a second husband, 
one George Towlnson, the latter got possession of the evidences 
in the matter and of the will of complainant's father. Later, 
one Edward Bruddyll, gent., and one George Talbot late of 
[blajilc] in the kingdom of Ireland, gent., applied to the said 
Towlnson, and by conspiracy with him seized the premises and 
have since enjoyed them, thus defrauding complainant, who has 
only recently learned of his rights in the property. A summons 
is prayed for that said George Talbot and Edward Braddyll be 
made to appear and give information as to the tenure, deeds, 
and mortgages pertaining to Carr Hall and to their deahngs 
with said Tovdnson; also to reply whether or not about 13 
June 1650 Crombock and said George Talbot did not join in 
assigning the premises, partly to one Gilbert Lawe and his wife, 
and partly in trust to one James Ryley for the use of said George 
Talbot. 

In May 1685, George Talbot, gent., defendant, answers that 
complainant has no just cause, and brought suit in collusion 
with said Braddyll, to vex and harass defendant. John Talbot 
and Edward Talbot his son, grandfather and father of defciuiant, 
held Carr Hall for life only, as it was entailed, and defendant was 
next heir as eldest son of said Edward. Defendant denies that 
his father or grandfather ever conveyed any part of said estate 
to Thomas Greenfield, the father of complainant, or to any 
persons in trust for his use, or that they borrowed any money 
from said Thomas. But about fifty years ago, John Talbot, 
grandfather of defendant, borrowed £100 of John Osbaldoston 
of London, gent., who sent the money by said Thonuis Green- 
field, father of complainant, and entrusted to him to arrange for 
security. Whereupon said John and Edward Talbot gave a 
mortgage to said Greenfield and Crombock as trustees for the 
use of said Osbaldeston, as security for said loan. As the loan 
was not paid when due, said Greenfield entered the premises as 
trustee for Osbaldeston, and took the profits therefrom until the 



48 

death of said Greenfield, when Lettice Greenfield, his widow 
and executrix, attempted to set up a title to the premises; but 
said OsbalJeston exhibited a bill* against her in this court in 
October 1G47, and made out the mere trusteeship of her late 
husband. Thereupon said Lettice Greenfield bought out said 
Osbaldeston's claim of £100 for the sum of £80. And the said 
John and Edward Talbot being then both dead, and this de- 
fendant's estate being sequestrated for their loyalty to King 
Charles I, in 1G49 this defendant and his mother Mabel Talbot 
exhibited a billf in this court against said Crombock and Lettice 
Greenfield, touching the Carr estate; and after her reply, this 
defendant made an agreement to pay the claim she had bought 
of said Osbaldeston, being the loan of £100 lent by the latter to 
John Talbot, defendant's grandfather, and to this end, defendant 
borrowed £oO of Gilbert Lawej of \Yhiilley which he paid to 
said lattice Greenfield. And this defendant together with 
James Ryley this defendant's late wife's father, deceased, 
made a boud to said I/Cttice Greenfield for the other £50 to be 
paid in six or twelve months. Said £50 was not paid when due, 
this defendant being then in actual arms for King Charles IL 
And defendant's estate being sequestered for his loyalty, the 
bond continued in force until 1G57, when this defendant to pay 
off his debts and clear the sequestration leased his whole estate 
for thirty-one years to Edward Braddyll for £3'-20, of which sum 
£80 was paid to George Towlnson (who had married [in 1G51] 
the said widow Lettice Greenfield) to discharge the above bond 
of £50 and repay said Towlnson for clearing the sequestration. 
To secure said Lawe for his loan, defendant gave him a lease for 
thirty-one years of one cottage and twenty-three acres of land, 
which lease has expired. The debt to Osbaldeston being thus 
long since paid, com{)lainant has no cause for this suit. De- 
fendant has just recovered his estate by redemption by a suit 
in the court of Chancery against said Edward Braddyll who 
has just died, before the accounting was completed. De- 
fendant denies that the complainant's father ever had any 
interest in the Carr estate other than as abovesaid, and knows 
of no will or deeds or other papers of complainant's father. 
Defendant denies any conspiracy with Towlnson, Crombock, 
Braddyll, or any one else, to defraud complainant, who has no 

* The documents in this suit are missing. 
t No documents in this case can be found. 

+ This Gilbert Lawe had married Katherlne Braddyll, great-aunt 
of defendant. (See Braddyll Bedigree, ante, p. 39.) 



r^.lr 



.v; . ,::J'kI 



49 

claim whatever on the estate. Defendant denies ever discussing 
the alleged claim with complainant, although about eight years 
ago defendant had lived over two years together at Preston 
where complainant then lived and now lives, and was frequently 
then in company with complainant. Defendant believes that 
Edward Braddyll, who was "cozen german" to complainant, 
conspired with complainant to bring this suit to embarras 
defendant in his suit against said Braddyll. The said James 
Eyley, who was father-in-law of defendant, was merely a bonds- 
man for defendant on the bond for £50, at request of defendant. 
In the account rendered by said Braddyll, he charges this de- 
fendant with £80 paid to said Towlnson to discharge the £50 
bond due his wife, formerly the widow Greenfield, and to recom- 
pense said Towlnson for removing the sequestration. Defendant 
never saw the mortgage to Osbaldeslon, which was made in the 
youth of defendant, but on coming of age was acquainted in 
regard to it by his mother. Defendant asks that complainant's 
bill be dismissed with costs. (Palatinate of Lancaster, Bills, 
vol. 37, no. 79; Answers, vol. 78, last page.) No other docu- 
ments of this case are preserved. 

Confirmation of most of the statements made in the above 
answer by George^ Talbot are to be found in the records of the 
Commissioners for Sequestration who proceeded against him 
for his "delinquency" in taking part in the unsuccessful Royal- 
ist insurrection in 1G51. At the time of these sequestration 
proceedings in 1052, George^^ Talbot naturally denied his par- 
ticipation in this rebellion; but as he was convncted and se- 
questered, and as thirty years later, when the Stuart dynasty 
had been restored, he claimed to have served the King, there 
can be no doubt that he did so. The following abstracts have 
been secured giving particulars of his sequestration. 

Examinations taken before the Commissioners for Seques- 
trations in the County of Lancaster, touching the delinquency of 
George Talbot of Carr, gent. 

1. John Mitton of Preston, yeoman, deposeth: that in 
August last, when the Earl of Derby and his forces lay in Pres- 
ton, deponent saw the said George Talbot frequently ride among 
said forces armed with a long tuke rapier; but deponent know- 
eth not whether he had any command. Sworn 27 Feb. 105 1/2. 

2. Thomas Loynsdale of ^^'hilpshire, tanner, deposeth: that 
when the Earl of Derby invaded this county ^ith his forces last 
August, he knoweth that Mr. George Talbot of Carr was then 
in arms under the said Earl, trailing a pike, and he came not 



01^ 



50 

home again until after Wigan fight. Sworn 24 INIar. 1651/2. 

3. John Lonsdale of BilUngtou, tanner, deposeth: that when 
the Earl of Derby was in this county with his forces, Mrs, Mabel 
Talbot of Carr in V/hilpshire, widow, mother of said George 
Talbot, furnished one Andrew Carlcton with arms and sent him 
to the Earl who was then in Preston v/ith his forces; and at the 
fight at Wigan said Carlcton was taken prisoner by the Parlia- 
ment forces, and ye said Mrs. Talbot sent money to relieve him. 
Sworn 24 Mar. 105 1/2. 

***** 

8. Margaret wife of Thomas Lonsdale of ^^^lilpshire, de- 
poseth: that she heard Mrs. Anne, wife of George Talbot of 
Carr, gent., affirm that her husband the said George was at 
Preston and had a pike; and the Sunday before the Earl of 
Derby went from Preston to the fight at Wigan, the said George 
Talbot was then to have a horse from the said Earl and to be 
listed in the said Earl's own troop; and she further saith that the 
Wednesday after the fight at Wigan, the said Anne Talbot went 
to look for the said George Talbot to come home, who came 
home that night.* Sworn 9 Feb. 1652/3. (State Papers, Inter- 
regnum, A. 163-88.) 

Depositions of witnesses taken at Ormskirk on 30 Apr. 1655, 
on behalf of George Talbot of Carr. 

1. Thomas Walkden of Blackburn deposes: that he well 
knoweth said George Talbot whom he conceives to be about 
twenty-six years of age and of middle stature. That in August 
1651 when the Earl of Derby's forces lay about Preston, de- 
ponent was taken prisoner at Clitheroe and carried to Preston 
on the Thursdhy before the battle at Wigan. That at Preston 
deponent did see said George Talbot and speak with him in the 
street, but he did not see said Talbot carry any weapons. 
***** 

3. Anne Atkinson, wife of Thomas Atkinson of Walton in the 
Dale, aged fifty-six years deposeth: that she well knoweth 
George Talbot of Carr who is a young man. That she, living 
at Lowechurch in Walton in August 1051, did see said Talbot 
going along afoot through the highway near her house, in the 
company of two soldiers of the Earl's forces who had taken said 
Mr. Talbot prisoner; but said Talbot bore no weapons. 



* The Battle of Wigan was fought ou Monday 25 Aug. 1651. 



ml 



,T t 



51 

7. Edward Rislilon of Micklehey, gent., aged forty years, 
deposeth: that he well knows said George Talbot who is now 
about twenty-six years of age. . . . That said Talbot 
was not in actual arms with the late King, nor v/ith the Earl of 
Derby in August 1651; but he believes said Talbot went to 
Preston at that time about his private occasions, and that in his 
journey thither he was taken i)risouer by the I'^arl's soldiers at 
Lowechui-ch. (State Papers, Interregnum, A. 1G3-91.) 

The flimsy excuses offered by the witnesses for the defendant 
were unavailing, and the estate of George^^ Talbot was seques- 
tered; but the amount of the fine levied to remove the seques- 
tration has not been found of record. During the course of 
these proceedings, George Towlnson and Lettice (Braddyll- 
Greenfield) his wife (who are mentioned in the suit in 1084-5 
of Thomas Greenfield vs. Georgc'-^^ Talbot, previously given), 
petitioned the Commissioners of Sequestration as to their claim 
against George"^ Talbot, as appears from the following docu- 
ments : 

George Towlnson of \Yitton, co. Lancaster, and Lettice his 
wnfe, complain that George Talbot of Carr, gent., and James 
Ryley of Rawshaw*, yeoman, by bond dated 13 June 1(550, 
were jointly bound in £100 for the payment of £50 before 13 
Feb. next ensuing; but they defaulting payment and said 
Ryley going for Ireland, your petitioners brought an action at 
law against said Talbot and at the general sessions held at 
Lancaster 11 Mar. 1651/2, obtained judgment for said £100 and 
63 s. costs. Thereupon a moiety of Talbots lands were ex- 
tended [attached]; but the Commissioners for Sequestration have 
ordered his whole estate to be sequestered to the Commonwealth 
for his delinquency in the late war, and have endeavored to ont 
your petitioners who ask for use of Talbot's estate as security 
for their judgment. 

Examination of witnesses at Preston, 15 Sept. 1653. 

1. William Wall of Preston, gent., aged thirty-six years, 
under-sheriff, deposeth: that on an execution obtained by said 
Towlnson against said Talbot, deponent on 29 Mar. 1G53 held 
an inquisition on the estate of said Talbot and found that he 
held estates in Wilpshire, the moiety whereof was gi-anted to 
George Towlnson for satisfaction of said judgment. 

2. Richard Craven of Dinkley, aged fifty-three years deposeth : 
that he was present when George Talbot of Carr and James 

* A hamlet near Oswaldtwistle in Church Kirk. 



..•-)., 



52 

Eyley of Rawksliaw did sign a bond of £100 for the paj-nient of 
£50 at a day long since past. 

3. Edward Rishton of Micklehey, yeoman, aged forty-five 
years, dcposeth: that he knows the Towhisons and has known 
George Talbot of Cair for twenty-five years. He knov,s that 
George Ilindle and John Sharpies of Blackburn did enter the 
estates late of George Talbot, then in possession of said Towln- 
son and his wife, by pretence of an order from the Commissioners 
of Sequestration, and did out the Towlnsons and did seize the 
estate for the use of the Commonwealth, on account of the sup- 
posed delinquency of said Talbot. He heard Talbot confess a 
debt of £50 to Towlnson. The said Ryley went into Ireland 
where he yet remains, and before he went to Ireland he sold 
all his goods. (State Papers, Interregnum.) 

By ICoG the Carr estate, consisting of the Hall, two cottages, 
and about one hundred and three acres of land, seemed almost 
hopelessly encumbered. Mabel Talbot, mother of George, held 
as dower for life part of the Hall and about forty acres of land; 
one cottage and about twenty-three acres of land had been 
leased to Gilbert Lawe, for thirty-one years from 1G50, for a 
loan of £50; the other cottage and about three acres of land were 
leased to 1678 to Richard Hurst; about seventeen acres of land 
were held by George Towlnson as security for £50; and the re- 
maining twenty acres and rest of the Hall were leased for 
ninety-nine years from 1634- to Thomas Cockroft, as security 
for £60. In addition there was the sequestration fine, the 
amount of which does not appear. The condition of afYairs 
was most discouraging for George^^ Talbot who probably lived 
with his mother in her dower part of the estate, until her decease 
in 1660. But he was evidently a man of perseverance with a 
determination to eventually redeem his ancestral estate. There- 
fore, in 1657 he concluded a bargain wich his second-cousin 
Edward Braddyll, whereby he conveyed to Braddyll the whole 
Carr estate (including the reversion of the dower of his mother 
Mabel Talbot) for a term of thirty-one years, for a loan of £3^20, 
of which sum £300 was applied to pay off the sequestration fine 
and the claims of Towlnson and Cockroft. Tlie conveyance 
to Braddyll was made by fine, a legal process of land transfer 
used five centuries in England, which was in the nature of a 
fictitious and collusive lawsuit, by which the grantee, termed 
the querant (plaintiff), sued the grantor, termed the deforciant 
(defendant), for the premises agreed to be conveyed, and the 
deforciant acknowledged the premises to rightly belong to the 



'I 'I '>;!• oi 001 ^ ].. baoJ 



53 

querant, for a consideration. The actual conditions of these 
transfers, however, are not apparent from tlie records of tficse 
fines, and the considerations slated are merely nominal. 

The following documents give a complete record of the inter- 
esting process of a transfer of land by fine. Of com-se the ex- 
cusing of the deforciants from attending court to answer the 
querant, on account of alleged infirmity of body, was simply the 
legal technicality used to avoid the needless waste of time and 
expense to attend court to defend a collusive case. 

Edward Braddyll vs. George Talbot. 

Oliver Lord Protector of the Dominion of England and Scot- 
land & Ireland and the dominions thereto belouginge. To the 
Sherifife of Lancaster greetinge. Command George Talbot and 
Anne his wife that Justly and without delay they would with 
Edward Braddill the Covenant amongst them made of one mes- 
suage two cottages one water corne milne three score acres of 
Land sixteen acres of meadow twentie acres of pasture tenn 
acres of wood, three acres of mosse, and Common of pasture 
for all cattle with the appurtenances in Wilpshire and Biliington. 
And unless they will doe it And the said Edward Braddill sh;ill 
secure you of prosecuting his complaint, then summon by good 
summoners the said George Talbot and Anne his wife, that they 
be before our Justices at Lancaster on ye first day of the next 
generall Session of Assizes there to be houlden to showe where 
they will not doe it, and have you there the Summoners and tliis 
writt. Witness our selfe at Lancaster the tenth day of march in 
ye yeare of our Lord IMDCLVI. Fell. 

Oliver Lord Protector of ye Commonwealth of England, Scot- 
land, & Ireland and the Dominions thereto belonging. To 
Sir John Talbot Knt, Roger Nowell Esq., Thos. Braddyll Esq., 
Tempest Slinger and Richard Waddington, gents.; 

Whereas a writt of Covenant dependeth before the Justices 
at Lancaster Betwcene Edward Braddyll demandant and 
George Talbott and Anne his wife Deforceants of One mes- 
suage two Cottages, one Water corne Milne, three score acres 
of Land sixteene acres of mea^owe twenty acres of pasture 
tenn acres of Wood three acres of Mosse &: common of pasture 
for all Cattle with the appurtenances in Wilpshire and Billing- 
ton. A iXyne whereof is to be levied amongst them before the 
said Justices at Lancaster accordinge to ye Lawe & Custome of 
the said County Pallatyne of Lancaster, and the said (ieorge 
Talbott &: Anne are soe infirme that without great danger of 



'■X\ 



54 

their bodyes (as we are given to understand) they are not able 
to travell to Lancaster })y the day contained in the said writt to 
make aknowledgements which are required in this behalf, We 
pittieinge the condition of the said George Talbot & Anne have 
given you two or more of you, power to take the knowledge- 
ments which the said George Talbott and Anne shall willingly 
make of the j^remises before you two or more of you; And there- 
fore wee command you, two or more of you, that you personally 
cominge to the said George Talbott & Anne his wife doe take 
their aforesaid acknowledgements. And when you have taken 
them then doe you certifie the Justices at Lancaster thereof 
distinctly and plainly under the scales of you, two or more of 
you, That then the said fTy]:ie among the said parties may be 
levied of the premises before the said Justices at Lancaster 
aforesaid accordinge to the lawe & custom aforesaid, sendinge 
to the said Justices this writte. Witness ourself at Lancaster 
the xxv*^ day of ISIarch in the yere of our Lord, One thousand 
SLxe hundred fifty and scaven. Fell. 

Lane. Assizes. Command George Talbott and Anne his 
•wife that Justly they keepe with Edward Braddyll the covenant 
of one jNlessuage, Two cottages, one water corne jNIilne, Three 
Score Acres of lande, Sixteene Acres of n\eadowe, Twentie 
Acres of pasture, ten Acres of wood, Three Acres of Mosse & 
Common of pasture for all Cattle with the appurtenances in 
Wilpshire & Billington and Unless etc. — 

And the agreement is such that the sayd George & Anne have 
acknowledged the aforesayd tenements & common of pasture 
with the appurtenances to be the right of him the sayd P^dward 
as those which the said Edward hath of the gifte of the sayd 
George & Anne. 

And the same they hath remised & quitclaimed from them the 
sayd George & Anne & their heires to the aforesayd Edward & 
his heires forever. And moreover the sayd George & Anne have 
granted for them & the heires of the sayd George that they 
will warrant to the sayd Edward & his heires the aforesayd 
tenements & common of pasture with the appurtenances against 
them the sayd George & Anne and the heires of the sayd George 
forever. 






1.) .Jh: 



55 

And for this etc — 

Taken and ackno^vledged at Whalley the 26*^ day of jNIarch 
in the year of our lord 1G57, -vvhcn the sayd Anne was privately 
examined and did willingly consent hereunto before us: 
Thos. Braddyll, Kich: Waddington. 

This is the final agreement made in the Court at Lancaster 
on Saturday the eight and twentieth day of March in the yeare of 
om' Lord one thousand six himdred fifty seven, Before John 
Parker one of the Barons of the Exchequer of the Lord Protector 
and Erasmus Earle serjeaut at Law J ustices at Lancaster, and 
others then and there present. Betweenc Edward Braddill 
plaintife And George Talbott and Anne his wife dcforceants 
of one jNIessuage two Cottages one water Corne ^Nlilne three score 
acres of land sixteene acres of meadow twentie acres of pasture 
tenri acres of wood three acres of mosse and, Common of pasture 
for all Cattle with the appurtenances in "Wilpshire and Billing- 
ton. Whereupon a pica of Covenant was summoned betweene 
them in the same Court that is to saye 

That the said George and Anne have acknowledged the afore- 
said Tenements and Common of pasture with the apjiurtenances 
to be the right of him the said Edward As those which the said 
Edward hath of the gift of the said George and xVnne And the 
same they have remised and quitclaimed from them the said 
George and xVnne and their heires to the aforesaid Edward and 
his heires forever. And moreover the said George and Anne 
have granted for them and the heires of the said George that 
they will warrant to the said Edward and his heires the aforesaid 
tenements and Common of pasture with the appurtenances 
against them the said George and Anne and the heires of the 
said George forever. And for this acknowledgement, remis- 
sion, quitclayme, warrantie, fyne, and agreement tlie said 
Edward hath given to the said George and Anne one hundred 
sixtie six pounds, thirteene shillings and four pence stcrlinge. 
(Palatinate of Lancaster Fines, Lent Term, 1657, bundle IGO, 
no. 40.) 

Edward Braddyll immediately took up his residence in Carr 
Hall in the spring of 1657, occupying most of the mansion. 
The five families of Edward Braddyll, Mabel Talbot, (ieorgc 
Talbot, Gilbert Lawe, and Richard Hurst, were now crowded 
into the Carr estate, and disagreements among them naturally 
arose. In less than a year, ]SLibel Talbot brought a suit on 17 
Feb. lGo7/8, in the Palatinate Court of Lancaster against 
Braddyll and Hurst for encroaching on her part of the property, 



I •>: 



■.a >'>r I 

'■- -- T ^ ,. . 



56 

details of which have been previously given. (See ante, 
p. 41.) After the death of Mabel Talbot in 16G0, Braddyll took 
possession of the portion of the estate she liad occupied, and her 
son George"^' Talbot must also have soon removed; but where he 
then located has not been learned, his next known residence being 
in Preston in 1G74. (See ante, p. 49.) At the same time, Brad- 
dyll found means to make conditions so uncomfortal^le for his 
great-aunt Kathcrine (Braddyll) Lawe and also for Richard 
Hurst, that they were induced to lease their parts of the prem- 
ises to him; so from IGGO Edward Braddyll seems to have oc- 
cupied the whole estate for several years, and he was assessed 
for three hearths there in the hearth tax of 25 Charles II. 
(1673). (Lay Subsidies, Lancashire, 132-355.) Later in this 
year he leased the premises for £40 a year to Burton Shuttle- 
worth, who held tliera until 1G80. (See 'post, p. 63.) In 1G82 
George-^ Talbot started a chancery suit against Braddyll to 
recover the estate l)y redemption, in which suit he was successful 
as will be described later. 

According to a statement of Edward Braddyll, he was obliged 
to pay a fine of £40 at the time of the decease of Mabel Talbot, 
before he could take over her part of the estate, as she had been 
convicted and fined that amount for recusancy. (See post, -p. 60.) 

The next known litigation in connection with Carr Hall oc- 
curred in 1672, between Edward Braddyll and Thomas Lawe, 
son and heir of Gilbert and Katherine (Braddyll) Lawe. The 
appended documents give details of this case. 

Edward Braddyll vs. Thomas Lawe. 
In May 1672, Edward liraddyll, gent., complains that about 
twenty-one years ago one George Talbot, gent., leased the part 
of his estate of Carr Hall called "Snodworth" to one Gilbert 
Lawe and Katherine his wife for thirty-one years for £80. 
Later complainant acquired the remainder of the Carr Hall 
estate from said Talbot on an understanding with said Gilbert 
and Katherine Lawe that they would give up their lease to 
complainant for an annuity of £8-8-0, and on the death of the 
longest liver of them said Snodworth to remain to complainant. 
Said Gilbert died first, intestate, and later his widow Katherine 
died intestate, and now one Thomas Lawe, son of Gilbert and 
administrator of said Katherine, claims said annuity was to 
extend for thirty-one years, and has sued this complainant in 
the common law to recover on bonds given to secure the an- 
nuity. A summons is asked for against said Thomas Lawe. 
(Palatinate of Lancaster, Bills, vol. 29, p. 72.) 



vt;: V ..1 /•■-;; r'.oj 



- <:'L\^h 



.M 



57 

Thomas Lawe, defendant, answers that said George Talbot 
leased part of Carr estate to Gilbert and Katherine Lawe for 
thivty-oiic years, and later the complainant bought the rest of 
said estate from said Talbot. Defendant denies the Lawes 
agreed to surrender their lease to Braddyll for a life animity. 
They occupied the leased premises until the death of Gilbert 
Lawe [in 16G1], and then complainant abused and harrasscd the 
said Katherine, so she finally agreed to rent the premises to com- 
plainant for £8-8-0 per year during the remainder of the term 
of thirty-one years; and bonds for each year of the residue of 
the thirty-one years were drawn up by Thomas J3raddyll of 
Portficld, brother of complainant, to secure said payments. 
Defendant denies there were any conditions or agreements 
other than are contained in the bonds. 

Depositions for complainant, 27 Sept. 1G72. 

William Cockioft of Wadsworth in Ileptonstall, co. York, 
yeoman, aged about fifty -nine years, deposeth: that he has 
knov^^n complninont and defendant many years, and has seen 
Gilbert and Katherine Lawe, but was not acquainted with 
them. Dependent's father Thomas Cockroft, deceased, had a 
lease for ninety years of a moiety of the Carr, which lease came 
to deponent, as son and heir, who about fifteen years ago con- 
veyed the unexpired term to complainant for £110. 

Andrew Ilolden of Toadehole, co. Lancaster, gent., aged 
sixty-three years, identifies the deed of Edward Talbot to 
Thomas Cockroft, of 20 Apr. 1634. 

Elizabeth Rishton, wife of John Rishton of Whalley, hus- 
bandman, aged forty-eight years, deposes that said Katherine 
Lawe told her that she and her Jate husband held only a life 
interest at Carr. 

Alice Hatch of Brindle, widow, aged forty-three years, "de- 
poseth and saith that shee knows the complainant and the de- 
fendant and did knowe George Talbott in the Interrogatory 
mentioned", etc.; also she saith the Lawes requested her to tell 
said Braddyll they would take a life annuity of £8-8-0 for their 
lease, if he woidd buy the Carr of said Talbot. 

Depositions for defendant. 

William Brierly deposes that he knows the complainant and 
the defendant and has seen but did not know George Talbot; 
he did not know Gilbert Lawe, but did know Katherine Lawe. 

Jane Hargreaves deposes that she knows the complainant and 
hath seen Mr. Talbot and did know Katherine Lawe, but did 
not know Gilbert Lawe and does not know the defendant. 



iT 



%i 



58 

Thomas Uraddyll of Porlfield, Esq., aged forty one yeai-s, 
deposes that he knows complainant and defendant, and did 
know Mr. Talbot, and did well know said Gilbert Lawe who 
died about eleven years ago, and did well know said Katherine 
Lawe who died about 1 Sept. 1671. Deponent is a bondsman 
on several bonds of £8-8-0 from complainant to Katherine 
Lawe, and knows of no agreement in respect to them other than 
is contained in the bonds themselves. (Depositions, Palatinate 
of Lancaster, bundles 89 and 90.) 

It is noticeable that while the above deponents state they 
"know-" the complainant and defendant, etc., when they refer 
to George Talbot they state they "did know" or "had 
seen" him; this indicates that their acquaintance with him was 
in the past, and that he had not been for some time a resident in 
the vicinity of Carr Hall, at the date of the depositions (167'-2). 

Ten years now pass during which no record of Gcorge^^ 
Talbot has been discovered; but from statements in the suit of 
Greenfield vs. Talbot in 1684, previously given, it appears that 
George-^ Talbot lived from 1674 to 1676 in Preston, co. Lanca- 
shire, and that for some time prior to 168^2 he resided in Ireland. 
(See ajiie, pp. 49, 47.) But in the last named year he retinned to 
England, having acquired means, probably by his second wife 
then coming into property, wherewith to redeem his ancestral 
estate of Carr Hall from Edward Braddyll who had held the 
estate and enjoyed all the profits therefrom for twenty-five 
years. But Braddyll refusing to then surrender the estate on 
payment of the mortgage, George Talbot on 28 Nov. 1682 
entered a suit in equity against him in the High Court of Chan- 
cery, for right of redemption of the property and settlement of 
accomits. The documents in this case furnish valuable and 
interesting information concerning George-^ Talbot and the 
Carr Hall estate. 

George Talbot vs. Edward Braddyll. 
To the Lord keeper of the Great Seal of England. Humbly 
complaining, your orator George Talbot of the Carr in ^^ ilp- 
shire, co. Lancaster, gent., sheweth that he served his present 
majesty [Charles IL] and his late father [Charles I.] in the ci\-il 
wars, and was at ^^'oogan fight in Lancashire and at Worcester 
fight under Lord Derby, in the service of his present majesty. 
And for his fidelity your orator's estates were sequestered, your 
orator being seized in fee tail of certain estate and also of other 
estate whereof the reversion was to your orator, viz., of that 
capital messuage commoidy called the Carr, in Lancashire, and 



8?. 



iJ^ vo;j>l 



59 

of one water corn-mill, two cottages, and divers farm buildings, 
with lands, etc., belonging to said Carr, all of the yearly value 
of £80. The said estates of your orator were seized and he was 
turned out and detained from the rents thereof; and by force 
of said sequestration one Robert Cunlill'e of Sparke, co. Lan- 
caster, had possession of said estates from 1652 to 1655, when 
one Towlnson obtained said sequestration and secured them. 
And your orator being acquainted with one Edward Braddyl 
of Moreton in said county, gent., (to whom said Towlnson was 
uncle or near relation), your orator and said Braddyl had 
numerous conferences concerning buying of? said sequestration. 
And at length said Braddyl proposed tliat if your orator would 
settle his estates on said Braddyl as security for £320 and 
interest, the said Braddyl would pay to your orator £20 in 
money and free your orator's estate from sequestration by pay- 
ment of the fines thereon. For security Braddyl was to have 
possession of said estates and receive the profits therefrom until 
he was satisfied the said £320 and interest. So on 25 Mar. 
1657, your orator assigned his estates to said Braddyl, the 
dower of Mabel Talbot excepted, for £320, whereof £20 was 
paid to your orator and the £300 residue was paid out for com- 
pounding the sequestration of your orator's estates. Said as- 
signment was for a term of ninety-nine years, for a rent to your 
orator of 5 s. per annum, and at expiration of said term said 
estates to revert to the use of your orator and his heirs; but if 
your orator should pay to said Braddyl £380 on 25 Mar. 1688, 
then the estate should revert to your orator and his heirs. Be- 
fore the indenture was signed, your orator objected to some of 
the wording as not being in the nature of a mortgage, and Brad- 
dyl agreed to later execute a bond declaring the conveyance to 
be merely a mortgage. Thereupon the indenture was signed 
and Braddyl entered upon and enjoyed the estates to the amount 
of £50 per annum until the death of widow ]Mabel Talbot, 
three years after the date of indenture, when said Braddyl took 
possession of the dower of said IMabel, and said Braddyl has 
since enjoyed the whole estate. Said Braddyl did sign a bond 
declaring his possession was only a mortgage; but in rendering 
an account, he asked your orator to produce said bond, which 
your orator did, not doubting Braddyl, and he put same into a 
fire which was at hand, do what your orator could to prevent it. 
Your orator hopes said Braddyl will on his oath testify to 
the truth of this story, your orator's witnesses that could prove 
the same being either dead or removed beyond the seas where 



oa 



I'.i-. > lUi ,. •■" '■ ' ■n' 






60 

unknown to your orator. Your orator being very poor, it Vv-as 
Braddyl's intent to swallow up your orator's estate. Braddyl 
now claims absolute possession for ninety-nine years and all 
profits for thirty-one years, and that the X'o80 to be paid by 
your orator was to be for repairs and improvements on estate. 
Said Braddyl lias rendered no account for payment for seques- 
tration, neither has he made any improvements on the estate; 
but he has racked the same, and cut off the wood, and taken 
do^^^l the miU and other buildings. Your orator prays for a 
summons to said Braddyl to appear and answer, and for the 
equity of redemption of said estates, and an accounting of the 
profits. 28 Nov. 1G82. (Chancery Proceedings, 1G49-1714, 
Bridges, bundle 5G6.) 

Answer of Edward Braddyl, gent., defendant, 15 Feb. 1682/3 
Defendant does not know whether or not complainant served 
the King, and does not know whether or not he was sequestered. 
Defendant does know that complainant was seized of Carr 
estate, partly in inheritance and partly in reversion, all of which 
defendant believes was of the yearly value of about £43. Part 
of said estate to the value of £15 was in possession of complain- 
ant; and ]\label Talbot, mother of complainant, held another 
part for life worth £17 per annum; and one Katherine Lawe 
held another part for tliirty-one years (which term expired about 
three years since) of the yearly value of £8; and one Richard 
Hurst held a lease of another part worth £3 per year, which 
lease expired five years since. Defendant never heard that 
complainant's estate was sequestered, but knew that his mother 
Mabel Talbot's was, because of recusancy, which cost defendant 
£40 to remove, after said Mabel's death. Neither does de- 
fendant beUeve that Cunliffe or To^Tison ever enjoyed any of 
said estate by virtue of sequestration, although complainant 
being in debt, they may have obtained it for that reason. Said 
George Townsou was uncle to defendant by marriage to sister 
of defendant's father. Defendant denies any conversation with 
complainant concerning buying of sequestration. But in March 
1656/7 there was a treaty between complainant and defendant 
concerning defendant purchasing an interest in plaintiff's 
estate, part of which was encumbered. Complainant agreed 
for £320 to convey his estates to defendant for ninety-nine 
years; but if complainant should pay defendant £380 at end 
of thirty-one years, then said term of ninety-nine years should 
cease. By indenture dated 25 ]Mar. 1657, complainant and 
Anne his wife agreed to acknowledge a fine at the next assizes 



OI) 



61 

to convey the premises to defendant and liis heirs, to the intent 
that defendant miglit be perfect tenant of the freehokl of said 
premises. And said deed was made and defendant paid out to 
the creditors of complainant the sum of £320 by his direction, 
and plaintiff gave a receipt therefor, dated 4 IVIay IGaT. De- 
fendant cannot now recall how each part of said £320 was paid. 
Defendant denies that complainant objected to the indenture, 
until after it was signed, when he suggested that a thirty-one 
year term was too long and desired the £380 might be paid at 
the end of twenty-eight years. Whereupon defendant gave a 
note to said complainant that he would accept of said money 
at end of twenty-eight years, which note complainant did three 
or four days later surrender to defendant, on payment of 40 s. 
to com]jlainant and £5 to his wife. Defendant claims the 
conveyance was a sale for a fixed term and not a mortgage with 
security. The mother of complainant enjoyed part of the 
estate for four years, and defendant paid £8-8-0 yearly to said 
Katherine Lawe until tv.o years ago, and £3 yearly to Richard 
Hurst until five years ago. Defendant denies he was to pay for 
compouudiDg any sequestration, or that he ever stated he held 
merely a mortgage of the premises. Defendant denies giving 
or burning any bond, or of gi^ang any paper other than afore- 
said, or that he took advantage of complainant's ])Overty. 
Defendant has expended £80 in improvements, besides £30 
in suits at law to defend the title. Defendant denies cutting 
down trees or pulling down buildings, and claims that complain- 
ant himself let some of the buildings go down. (Chancery 
Proceedings, 1649-1714, Bridges, bundle 560.) 

Depositions for Complainant, taken 13 Sept. 1CS3. 

(Chancery Depositions, Reynardson, bundle IOCS.) 
Dorothy, wife of Richard Parker of Great Ilarwood, yeoman, 
aged fifty-four years, deposes: that she has known the com- 
plainant and defendant for over forty years, being sister to 
complainant and daughter to Mrs. Mabel Talbot who died in 
March next preceeding his present Majesty's happy restoration, 
and who was near four score years of age at her death, bhe 
knew Richard Hayhurst and Edward Hayhurst, both buried 
at Great Harwood, Richard being father of Edward. The com- 
plainant George Talbot served under the Earl of Derby at 
Wigan, where he was wounded, and also at Worcester, ^'or Jus 
loyalty to the King, the complainant was sequestered [in 10.32] 
by means of one CunUft'e and one George Ilindlc, agents for 



ra 



62 

sequestration, and thereupon complainant was turned out of 
possession of Carr and said estate was set over by sequestra- 
tion to one Thomas Loynsdalc. The estate continued under 
sequestration for two years, when same was taken off by one 
George Towlnson who paid moneys in Ijehalf of comphiiuant 
for clearing the estate, but de})onent knows not the amouut, 
nor does she know the total of complainant's loss. By reason 
thereof, his creditors fell upon him and sued him for debts, 
which caused him to make bad bargains, and particularly this 
bad agreement with defendant. Deponent values the premises 
of George Talbot at Carr, which Braddyl took, at £20 per an- 
num, and she has good knowledge thereof as she was born at 
Carr. The value of ]Mabel Talbot's portion was about £23 
per year. Deponent also knows that part of the estate occu- 
pied by Katherine I^awe (whose maiden name was Braddyl), 
and it was worth £12 per annimi, and said Katherine did one 
time let same for £12 to Edv.ard Slater of Whalley. But the 
defendant quarrelled with her and so disturbed her that she 
was forced to let same to defendant for £8 per annum. The 
portion of the estate in occupation of Richard Hurst, late serv- 
ant to complainant, was worth £3 clear and contained three 
acres. 

Leonard Waring of Goosenargh deposes, that at the request 
of the A^fe of complainant, he has surveyed the estate and finds 
it contains 103 acres, 3 roods, and 32 perches; whereof the lands 
of George Talbot entered by defendant contain 38 acres, 1 rood, 
and 2 perches; those occupied by Mabel Talbot contain 39 
acres and 27 perches; those occujiied by Katheriiie Lawe con- 
tain 23 acres, 2 roods, and 1 perch; and Ilurst tenement con- 
tains 3 acres and 2 perches. Deponent estimates the land 
worth 10s. Cd. per acre per annum, 

Robert Fieldmg of Pythorne, aged seventy-two years, de- 
poses that he knows the complainant and defendant, and that 
Mabel Talbot, mother of complainant, was a very ancient 
woman at her death in March 1G60. The complainant was in 
actual arms at Worcester fight, and was later sequestered, and 
the estate was farmed out to Thomas Loynsdale. Katherine 
Lawe died about twelve years ago. 

Depositions for Defendant, taken 13 Sept. 1683. 

Edward Hesketh of Thornleigh, co. Lancaster, carpenter, 
deposes that the buildings on Ciivv estate were in a ruinous con- 
dition when Braddyl entered in 1057. 

Burton Shuttleworth of Carr Hall, gent., aged si.\ty-four 



63 

years, deposes that for seven years up to 2 Feb. 1G79/80, he 
farmed the estate for defendant at £40 per annum, and de- 
ponent had a very hard farm of the premises. 

Thomas Cockroft of CUtheroe, aged sixty years, deposes 
that his father did h^ng since lend to the father of the com- 
plainant the sum of £00, and as security had a long lease of a 
moiety of the Carr, redeemable on repayment %vith interest. 
In 1657 the defendant Braddyll cleared said encumbrance by 
paying to William Cockcroft, brother of deponent, the sura of 
£110. Deponent identities an indenture for above loan, made 
20 Apr. 10 Charles I. [IG34], bet^Yeen Edward Tall>ot, son and 
heir of John Talbot of Carr Hall, gent., and Thomas Cockcroft, 
father of deponent, who died about twenty years later. 

Second Bill of Complaint, dated 18 May 1G85. 

George Talbot of Carr, co. Lancaster, gent., complains, that 
in Michaelmas 1G82 your orator exhibited his bill against 
Edward Braddyl, since deceased, setting forth your orator had 
served his Majesty Charles II. at Wigan fight, and was se- 
questered for this service, etc., etc. Depositions were taken, 
the cause was heard 20 Feb. lG83/-i, and judgement was de- 
livered that the instrument of assignment to Braddyl should be 
held to be a mortgage, that your orator should be admitted to 
the redemption of the premises, and that an accounting of the 
profits and improvements of the defendant should be taken 
before a master. Before the accounting had been settled, said 
Edward Braddyl died [in Aug. 1084], leaving Margaret his wife 
administratrix, who ought to complete account. Your orator 
asks for a summons for her to appear and complete the account- 
ing. (Chancery Proceedings, 1G49-1714, Bridges, bundle 95 
no. 16.) 

Depositions for Defendant, taken in Oct. 1685. 
(Chancery Depositions, Collins, bundle 194, no. 2.) 

James Sharpies of Billington, servant to the late INIr. Brad- 
dyl, deposes that when Mr. Braddyl took possession of Carr 
Ilall no one could go dryshod in the house or barn in foul 
weather, the mill had fallen down, and there were no gates nor 
stiles on the premises. Mr. Braddyl laid out £200 in repairs. 

Edward Tittcrington of Billington, formerly servant of Mr. 
Braddyl for eight years, deposes that the house was in extra- 
ordinary great decay when ]\Ir. Braddyl first took possession, 
in so much that cattle ran into the house for wormstall in the 
summer time. 



fid 



64 

Alice Hatch deposes that Mr. Ikaddyl went to dwell at 
Carr Hall twentj^-eight years ago, deponent being then his 
servant there for five weeks. The buildings were in extra- 
ordinary decay. Twelve years ago she again saw the place 
and it had been put in rej^air at expense of £200. Deponent 
further states that the first night Mr. IJraddyl went to inhabit 
at Carr Hall, some difi'erence happened between him and Mr. 
Talbot, and the latter slipi)ed. into the house and barred the 
door and kept Mr. Braddyl out, saying Mr. liraddyl should 
have no possession until he (Talbot) and his wife were satisfied. 
Whereupon they went to ^Yllalley and there matters were 
settled, so that the next night they came to Carr Hall and com- 
plainant owned that Braddyl had paid £o to Mrs. Talbot, and 
therefore ^^■as free and welcome to possession of Carr Hall. 

Anne, wife of George Taylor, deposes that she has been 
servant to Mr. Braddyl, and knows that "Mrs. Mabel Talbot 
had used the timbers from the old mill for firewood. 

Dei)ositions for Complainant. 

John Sudell, yeoman, deposes that when ]\Ir. Braddyl first 
occupied the house there were two i)rops in the house, but now 
there are thirty props in the house and barn to keep them from 
falling. Deponent believes that Mr. Braddyl has spent less 
than £12 for repairs, and the house is in much more decay than 
when he entered. 

Richard Edmundson, yeoman, aged sixty-four years, de- 
poses that Carr estate has been let for the last few years to 
Major Shuttleworth for £40 per annum. Repairs made by 
Mr. Braddyl cost less than £12. Major Shuttleworth told 
deponent that he was in fear of his life in the house, and that 
it needed a dozen more props to make it safe. 

Thomas Wilkinson of Clayton- in-the-Dale, yeoman, aged 
eighty-one years, deposes that Carr estate has about 100 
acres, and is now worth £40 per year clear. The buildings 
were something out of repair when iMr. Braddyl first entered, 
but are now much more worse and are supported by over 
thirty props. Deponent and several neighbors estimate that 
repairs made by Braddyl cost under £12. The mill and kiln 
were so much out of repair when Mr. Braddyl first entered, that 
they could not be used without repairs; so he took them down 
and rebuilt the garden wall with the stones. 

Having thus recovered his ancestral estate, after an exile 
from it of over twenty-five years, George-^ Talbot, at the age 
of about sixty years, returned iu 1G85 to Carr Hall, and re- 



i5 









65 

sided there for the remaining twenty-five years of his life. Dur- 
ing this period he was engaged in at least two lawsuits of which 
records have been found. The first one of them, in Uil)?, fur- 
nishes interesting domestic information and the earliest rcconled 
mention that has been found in England of any child of George-' 
Talbot, although he had been first married nearly half a cen- 
tury before. 

James Parkinson vs. George Talbot. 
On 15 Feb. 169G [169G/7] James Parkinson of Stainderber, 
CO. Lancaster, gent., complains that George Talbot of Carr, 
CO. Ivancaster, gent., being a gentleman of good real and per- 
sonal estate, and having* andt , 
namely,! , and having more than ordinary af- 
fection for his said daughter Mary (who had been very dutiful 
all her life to him and his wnfe), the said George had often de- 
clared he would handsomely prefer her in marriage, frequently 
stating he v,^ould give said Mary a marriage portion of £500 
or £000. And complainant having heard of these promises, 
proposed marriage with said Mary, whereunto said George 
willingly hearkened and consented, and was informed as to 
coniplainant's estate, etc. And said George promised that upon 
said marriage he would put complainant in possession of said 
estate called Carr, of which said George claimed to be seized, 
worth £00 per year, and that complainant should have the prof- 
its thereof, paying said George £20 per year for seven years after 
said marriage; and your complainant was also to have all the 
goods of said George, worth £300, on condition complainant 
should pay a debt of said George to John Warren, Esq., of £100, 
which said George claimed to be his only debt. Furthermore, 
said George also promised to pay complainant £200 at the end 
of seven years after the marriage. And said George wrote and 
invited complainant and his relatives to come to Carr to have 
the marriage settlement concluded and the marriage consum- 
ated. So about July or August § complainant and his 
relations went to Carr where they insisted said George put his 
promises in writing. Whereupon said George, although ad- 
mitting above promises, then pretended his wife was unwilling 
to leave his estate at Carr where they then lived, and said he 
would pay his said daughter's marriage portion in another 

* Omitted words should be, "one son". 

t Omitted words should be, "two daughters". 

X Omitted words should be, "George, Catherine, and Mary". 

§"1693" omitted. 



of) 



; .!*;di. 



66 

way. Whereupon said George executed the following articles : 
Articles of agreement of marriage to be solemnized between 
James Parkinson of Escow,co. York, and Mary Talbot, daughter 
of George Tnlbot of Carr, co. Lancaster, dated 5 Aug. 1G93, 
witnesseth that the said George Talbot agrees to pay the said 
James Parkinson £100 at the end of three years, and for security 
assigns meadows called Broad Meadow and Long Meadow, 
containing eight acres. Said James and Mary shall have diet 
and lodging free with said George Talbot until next May day, 
and longer if it is agreed. Said George also agrees that at his 
death his said daughter Mary shall by will be made equal or 
better than the rest of his children over and above said £100. 
Said James Parkinson shall endow said Mary in half of a tene- 
ment called Escow and a piece of land called Stainderber, 
situate in the counties of York and Lancaster. Signed by 
George Talbot. Complainant was induced to accept above 
written articles instead of the former verbal promises. There- 
upon about* complainant and said Mary intermarried 
and had diet and lodging free with said George Talbot until 
next May day 1G94, when complainant took his wife to his 
own estate at Escow, where they have since resided. About 
last October, complainant and his wife went to Carr, and com- 
plainant civilly requested said George to pay the £100 as agreed. 
But said George now repudiates the articles of agreement, re- 
fuses to make payment, and claims the aforesaid meadows had 
been previously assigned and so cannot be attached by complain- 
ant, and so in plain terms bids your complainant "goe to his 
purpose and take his course; although in August last, said £100 
should have been paid." Also said George now pretends Carr 
estate was in some other persons upon secret trust, and he 
refuses his agreement to make his daughter ISlary better than 
his other children. It is apparent that said George intended 
to put off said daughter upon complainant, without any portion, 
contrary to equity and good conscience, as the complamant 
is unable to enter upon the previously assigned closes to collect 
the agreed dowry of £100. 

Complainant prays that a summons be directed to the said 
George Talbot to answer whether or not the above named 
promises were first made by him, whether or not the above 
articles were finally accepted by complainant, and whether or 
not in last October said George refused to pay the £100 or to 
convey said meadows to complainant, pretending they were 

* Date omitted. 



67 

entailed. Complainant prays that said George may be re- 
quired either to fulfill his original promises or the written articles 
of agreement. (Palatinate of Lancaster, Bills, bundle 44, no. 
113.) 

No answer, depositions, or decree can be found regarding this 
suit, and it is e\'ident that the case was settled by George-^ 
Talbot paying Parkinson the £100 agreed upon, as in his will 
in 1708 he mentions the fact that his daughter Mary had al- 
ready received £100. 

This will of George'i Talbot in 1708 (to be given later) be- 
queathed Carr estate to a son George-- Talbot, "if he happen to 
he alive and appear at Carr'"'; this last phrase shows that tlie son 
had then long been missing; and James Parkinson's claim in 
above suit that George-^ Talbot had originally promised to con- 
vey Carr Hall to Parkinson as a marriage portion for George's 
daughter jNtary-- Talbot, makes it certain tliat the son George- 
Talbot had long been missing as early as 1C93; as certainly 
Parkinson could not advance such a tale, if George-^ Talbot's 
son and heir was then known to be living. 

^Yhile James ]^arkinson and his wife were having "free diet 
and lodging" at Carr Hall in 1094, a Catholic rebellion was 
attempted in Lancashire; but it was quickly suppressed by the 
Government and commissioners were sent out to ferret out the 
Catholics who had instigated the plot, and to summons witnesses 
for examination. Among these witnesses, James Parkinson of 
Carr Hall, co. Lancaster, gent., deposes, that one Ellis, servant 
to Capt. Baker one of the King's commissioners, seized two of 
deponent's horses, and deponent sent his wife to ivy and see if 
she could prevail on Ellis and his company to restore the horses; 
and deponent's wife informed him that John Limt, who was 
with Ellis, informed her he had matters of consequence to im- 
part to deponent. And so deponent went to Lunt who asked 
his assistance in giving evidence against Lord MolineiLx. (See 
"Historical Mss. Commission Reports," No. 14, Appendix, 
part 4, p. 368.) 

Among the manuscripts of Lord Kenyon, is a copy of eight 
charges made in IGOO against Thomas Braddyll of Portfield by 
Rev. Stephen Gey, vicar of Whalley, alleging that Braddyll 
was a Catholic. The fifth charge was: "Numbers of papists 
of quality were freed by Braddyl from taxes in his ofiice as com- 
missioner for the King's subsidy in ^Yhalley District, among 
them R. Grimshaw, Esq., G. Talbot, gent., and Judge Cottrcll; 
they being doubly assessed, according to the Act, as professed 



TO 



•, K ■'V'ly^J l 



68 

papists, were struck off by said Braddyl", etc. (See "Historical 
Mss. Commission Reports" No. 14, Appendix, part 4, p. 251.) 
This "G. Talbot, gent.", doubtless refers to George-^ Talbot 
of Carr Hall, who evidently adhered to the Catholic faith of his 
ancestors. 

Two more mentions of George^^ Talbot before 1700 have been 
foimd. The inventory of the estate of George West of Wilp- 
shire was taken 2'-2 Apr. 1690, by George Talbott, Richard Dob- 
son, Oliver Feilding, and Roger Noblet. (Chester Probate 
Records.) On 17 June 169S, George Talbot of Carr in Wilp- 
shire and George Blore of Billington, claiming to be adminis- 
trators of the estate of John Houlden of Witton, sued Richard 
Worthington, Thomas Brockhole, and James Houlden, who had 
seized the estate of the deceased. (Palatinate of Lancaster, 
Bills, bundle 4G, no. 35.) The deceased John Holdeu was a 
nephew of Anne Holdeu, the second wife of George^^ Talbot, 
great-grandfather of George-^ Talbot; but the documents in 
this suit furnish no ijiforrnation about the Talbot family. 

The long and checkered life of George-^ Talbot was now 
dravring to a close. He had lived in the reigns of nine sover- 
eigns and had witnessed three revolutions in the English govern- 
ment. By a first marriage he had had two sons and two 
daughters; and when his sons were but children, he had lost 
his inherited homestead, apparently hopelessly; so the eldest 
son, with no prospect of inheritance, had become a Catholic 
priest and soon after died in a foreign land. The other son, 
when a young man, had mysteriously disappeared, and for 
many years had not been heard from, so his father did not know 
whether he were living or dead. Probably with the money of 
his second wife, he had been able to redeem his ancestral estate 
in 1GS5, after over twenty-five years exile from it, and had since 
lived there Vv'ith her nearly a quarter of a century. His two 
daughters, both married and with children and grand-children, 
were living in the vicinity, and apparently not on friendly 
terms with their step-mother. These were the circumstances 
under which George'-^ Talbot, at the age of eighty-five years, 
and realizing his approaching end, arranged for the disposal of 
his estate. 

Will of George Talbot of Carr. 

In the name of God, xVmen, the eighteenth day of December 
in the yeare of our Lord God one thousand seven hundred and 
eight, I George Talbott of Carr in the County of Lancaster, 
Gent., being indisposed in body but of sound and perfect mem- 



^0 



69 

ory, praised be God for the same, Doe make & ordain this my 
last "\Vill and Testament in manner k forme followinj^. First 
and principally I doe commend my Soule unto the hands of 
Amighty God my Maker and Redeemer and my body to the 
earth to be burycd at the discretion of my Executrix hereafter 
named, Trusting assuredly through the mercyes of my God that 
I shall receive full pardon and free remission of all my sinus and 
be saved by the pretious death and meritts of my Blessed 
Saviour and Redeemer Christ Jesus. xVnd as concerning my 
worldly estate wherewiHi it hath pleased God to blesse me, I 
dispose of the same as followeth. Imprimis: I give and be- 
queath unto my dearly beloved Wife Ann Talbott one full half 
part of all my Mess^ & Tenera^ with the appert' called the Carr 
situated & being in ^Yilpshire and Billingtou in the said County, 
to have & to hold the said half part for and duriug her natural 
life, the whole to be divided by two such neighbours as she shall 
nominate and my said Wife to have her choice of whitcli })avt 
she shall be mindful to take. Item: I give and bequeath all the 
other half part of the said Messg^ & Tenn*« to my Sonn George 
Talbott if hee hapj^en to be alive and to appear at Carr aforesaid 
in right sense and good understanding, to have and to hold the 
same from the time of such appearance untill the death of my 
said "Wife, and after her decease and the like appearance of my 
said Son George, I give & bequeath all the whole before men- 
tioned Messus^ & Tenem'^ with the appurtenc' to my said son 
George his Exc'% Adm^ & Ass* during all tlie remainder of my 
term therein. And it is my Will & minde that my said Wife 
shall have & enjoy all the whole said ^^less'gs & Tenem^^ with 
the appurt' until such appearance of my said sou George. And 
if he happen to be dead or shall not appear at Carr aforesaid 
in such right sense and understanding, then I give & bequeath 
all the said Mess*^* & Tenem^^ with the appur*^ with all my 
right, title, terme, & interest therein unto my said Wife Ann 
Talbott, her Exuc, Adm, & Ass, and the same to be disposed of 
as she shall think fitting. Item: I give and bequeath unto my 
daughter Cathrin Eden the sum of One hundred pounds in full 
satisfaction of her portion and in full of all her title &: claim of 
any money due to her by virtue of any act or deed by me for- 
merly made or executed. And it is my Will and minde that 
shee 'shall give a generall release of all Title to the Carr afore- 
said before shee shall receive the said money or any part there- 
of; and upon the refusall, to forfeit the same to my Executrix 
hereafter named. Item: I give unto my said daughter Cath- 



(!.'; 



<i<'i,-' : 1 



70 

rine Eden's two children called Robert and Mary each of them 
Twenty pounds, to be paid thcni at the decease of my said ^^'ife 
and upon condition ol' their release as aforesaid. Item: I give 
unto my daughter Mary Osbaldcston Twenty pounds to be 
paid her also at the decease of my said Wife, upon condition that 
her husband and slice doe likewise give a generall release shortly 
for the One hmidred pounds she has already received, according 
as above required for my said daughter Cathrine. Item: I 
give to my said daughter Mary's cliildren, called James, Mary, 
Dorothy, Marger}', and Ann, each of them Twenty pounds, to 
be paid them at the death of my said Wife, upon condition of 
my said daughter Mary and her said husband release as afore- 
said. And it is my Will & mind that my said Wife shall have the 
interest of all the money hereby given to all or any of my grand- 
children & daughter Mary during the life of my said Wife, 
Item: I give to my cozen John Parker Tenn shillings, to my 
cozen Alexander Parker Tenn shillings, to my nephews John 
& Thomas Talbott each Ten shillings. Item: after all my 
debts, legacy's, & funeral expenses are paid &: discharged, I 
give and bequeath all the rest, residue, and remainder of all my 
money and all my goods, chattells, & personall estate whatsoever 
unto my said dear Wife Ann Talbott, And I doe hereby nominate 
$i appoint my said dear Wife Ann Talbott Sole Executrix of 
this my last Will & Testament, hoping she will see the same 
faitlifully performed as my trust is in her. In Witness whereof 
I have hereunto put my hand & seal and published the same as 
my last Will the day & year first above written. 

George Talbott 

Scaled, signed, published, & declared by the said George 
Talbott for & as his last Will & Testament before us who attested 
the same in his presence and at his request. Theoph Taylor, 
Mathew Gregson, Jno. Sherburne. 

Whereas I the within named George Talbott by my within 
written last Will and Testament dated the 18*^ day of December 
Anno Domi 1708, have nominated & appointed my within said 
dear Wife Ann Talbott sole Executrix thereof, It is my further 
Will and mind that if my said Son George, my said daughter 
Cathrine Eden, my said daughter ^Nlary Osbaldeston, or any of 
them, or any of my said grandchildren shall at any time there- 
after put my said Wife to any charge by reason of their or any 
of their suites, troubles, or refractory proceedings occasioned by 
their or any of their noncomplyance with my said last Will & 
Testament & the true intent & meauing thereof That then & in 



71 

such case it is my AVill & ISIindc that my said Wife her Exuc', 
Adm, or Ass^ shall deduct & reimburse all such charges as afore- 
said out of such respective child or graudchild's ]>orllon or 
legacy by me therein given as shall be vexatious and not com- 
plying with the just performance of my said last AYill & 
Testament making this writing part thereof and ratifying & 
confirming the same As Witness my hand & Scale the 18 day of 
February Auno Donii 1708. [1708/9]. 

George Talbott 

Sealed, signed, published, and declared by the said George 
Talbott as a Codicill to the within written Will in the presence 
of us, Theoph Taylor, Juo. Sherburne. 

Proved in the Consistory of Chester 24 June 1709. 

George'^^ Talbot died less tlian six weeks after making the 
codicil to his will, as shown by the entrj' of his burial in the 
registers of Whalley church: "1709, March y« 30**^. Buried 
Mr. George Tanlbert of Carr hall, gentleman, in y" church". 

Carr Hall had been the subject of extensive litigation through- 
out the life of George"^ Talbot, and his will caused more work for 
lawj'ers. By this will, the long missing son George- Talbot 
was to eventually succeed to Carr Hall "if he happen to be alive 
and appear at Carr; but if he happen to be dead or never appear 
at Carr", then the said estate was to pass outright to the testa- 
tor's second wife Anne, "to dispose of as she shall think fitting". 
Thus, if the son George were dead or never returned home, not 
only were said son's descendants (if any) cut ofl' from the suc- 
cession, but the will also explicitly excluded the testator's two 
daughters, Catherine and Mary, from succeeding, in favor of the 
testator's second wife. Considering the known history of 
George-^ Talbot, and reading between the lines of his will, it 
seems evident that George-^ Talbot thus favored his second wife 
because her money enabled him to redeem his ancestral property; 
and it is also evident that his children were in a state of war 
with their step-mother. Doubtless the daughters felt, that if 
their brother were dead without heirs, that they should have 
the reversion of the estate, which had been in the family three 
centuries, after the decease of their step-mother. As soon as the 
eldest daughter Catherine Eden learned of the provisions of her 
father's will, she expressed her wrath in vioknit manner, as 
shown by the following document fastened to the original will 
which itself is in fragments and pasted on a paper backing. 

Catherine Eden rs Anne Talbott. 
22 Sept. 1709. Anne Talbott deposes: George Talbot de- 



illy.: '{(■•, il.\. 






parted this life on or about 29 March last. About April 5 
following, Catherine Eden, daui;hter of said George Talbot, 
plaintitr in this case, carae to the defendant's house and de- 
sired tliat she might see or hear read her father's %\ill, v.hich the 
defendant agreeing, ordered one AVilliam Clayton to bring the 
will and read it to her, and while he was so doing she the said 
Catherine Eden hastily snatched the said original will out of 
the hands of the said William Clayton, and before it could be 
recovered from her she the said ])laintiff tore the said v.ill in 
abundance of pieces; some [fell] on defendant's house floor, some 
on her way home, and others ^^ere not to be found. Which 
said fact and violent action of hers, the said plaintifT hath since 
confessed before a Justice of the Peace at Preston, and at the 
next quarter sessions after, and before several credible witnesses. 

The will was admitted to probate 24 June 1709; but the 
daughter Catherine Eden engaged one Richard Piouchier, an 
attorney in the ecclesiastical courts, to contest the \^i\l in the 
Court of the Bishop of Chester, her ste}>mother Anne Talbot 
having John llulton as attorney to defend the v\'ill. As will be 
later shown, Catherine Eden evidently attempted at this time 
to get in touch v/ith her missing brother George"^ Talbot in New 
England, she apparently believing hira to be there. The trial 
began at Chester on 22 Sept. 1709; unfortunately no documents 
in the case are preserved, except the deposition by Anne Talbot, 
previously given; the clerk's minutes in the Court Book simply 
list the case as successively postponed on G October, 3 Novem- 
ber, 10 November, 17 November, and 24 November, to 1 Dec. 
1709, when decree was made for the will. (Court Book, Regis- 
try of the Bishop of Chester.) 

The following inventory of the personal estate of George-^ 
Talbot of Carr Hall, is filed with his will at Chester: 

In the barn: one bull, two oxen, four horses, one 
cow, six calves, two foals, one pig £25-15-0 

Carts and hay in the barn 1-17-0 

In the hall: two long tables, one form, five chairs, 
two stools, one clock, fire-irons, etc., 1- 8-0 

In the dining hall: one table, five chairs, fire- 
irons, etc 12-8 

In the great chamber: two chests, two bedsteads, 
bedding, fire-irons, etc 1- 1-0 

In the middle chamber: one bed, two chests, 
table, trunk, five chairs, fire-irons, etc 2-15-0 



73 

In the little stairhead chamber: one bed, bedding, 

chairs, etc 0-1.5-0 

In the other chamber: two beds, chairs, table, 

form, stool, fire-irons, etc 3- 0-0 

In the kitchen: cooking utensils, etc 1-17-0 

In the buttery: utensils 4-lG -0 

Linen 1-15-0 

Purse and apparell 320- 0-0 

Total £805-11-8 

The ^\"ill of George^^ Talbot being finally allov.-ed, and his 
son George- Talbot being dead, the widow Anne Talbot became 
sole possessor of the Carr Hall estate whicii she at once sold to 
the trustees of the great landed estate of Bartholomew Walmcs- 
ley, Esq., of ])unkenhalgh, co. Lancaster. His daughter and 
sole heiress, Catherine Walmesley, born in 1G98, married 
Robert Petre, seventh Baron Petre of Writtle, co. Essex, and 
carried all the great Walmesley estates, including Carr Hall, into 
the Petre family. Their son Robert James, eighth Baron 
Petre, was succeeded by his only son Robert Edward, ninth 
Baron Petre. The latter had two sons: 1. Robert Edward 
Petre, born in 1763, tenth Baron Petre, ancestor of the present 
Baron Petre; 2. George William Petre of Dunkenhalgh, Esq., 
born 17G6, who succeeded to all the Lancashire estates, and 
whose descendant, George Ernest Augustus Henry Petre of 
Dunkenhalgh, co. Lancaster, is the present owner of Carr ILill. 

Although Anne Talbot, widow of George-^ Talbot, sold the 
Carr Hall estate in 1709, nevertheless she continued to reside 
there until her death in 1716; and it was later occupied by >Liry 
(Talbot) Parkinson-Osbaldeston, daughter of George-^ Talipot, 
and her children and grandchildren, as tenants of the Petre 
family, probably by some lease for term of three lives. 

In 'the "Blackburn Times" of Saturday, 27 :\Iay 1S93, Wil- 
liam A. Abram Esq., the eminent historian of Blackburn, printe<l 
a three column article on the Tall)ots of Carr Hall. A short 
notice of Mr. Abram and a complete copy of this article arc 
given as Appendix IV. of this volume. After tracing the 
history of the family from Stephen Talbot down through 
George^' Talbot, Mr. Abram starts the conclusion of his article 
with this statement: "An old document irliich I have seen 
supplies some information as to the children and descendants 
of George Talbot, the last of the family who owned Carr free- 



74 



hold. The eldest son, Edward Talbot, became a monk in one 
of the orders of the Church of Rome, and went to Italy where 
he is said to have died. The other son, George Talbot, emigrated 
to New England, and settled in America". Mr. Aliram also 
quotes the old document as to the descendants of Catherine 
and Mary, daughters of George-^ Talbot. The whole informa- 
tion given in this "old document" seen by Mr. Abram may be 
tabulated as follows: 

George Talbot :=. Anne, dau. of 
of Carr Hall Ryley of Church 



i 

Edward 
Talbot 
a monk 
d. in Italy 



George 
Talbot 
emigrated to 
New Enf'land 



Catherine = 
Talbot 



r — " 

Robert Eden 



Eden 

son of John 
Edeu of West 
Auckland 



Mary Eden 



James Parkinson 
of Slandcrbar 



1st 



Mary Talbot 
d. 1763, ae. 105 



2d 



Robert Osbaldeston 



James 

Parkin- Parkin 
son, d. son 
ae. £0 



' 1714 • ' 

Mary =rr Thomas Dorothy Margery 

Darweu Parkin- Parkinson 

son, d. y. 



Anne 
Osbal- 
deston 

m. 
Robert 
Bennett 



I 
George 
Osbal- 
deston 
d.ae.l9 



Henry 
Darwen of 
Carr Hall; 
later of 
Langley 
CO. Essex 



I 
John 

Darwen of 
Ribchester 
d. 1792 



I 
Margaret 
Durwen 

m. 
Lawrence 
Peele 



Chas. =s Julian 
Baron Darwen 
m. (5) 
Dr. ^Y- 
Ritchie 
of Aber- 
deen. 
Charles Baron 



Dorothy 
Darwen 
m. 17G-2 
Daniel 
Robinson 
of Man- 
chester 



Unfortunately Mr. Abram did not state where the above 
"old document" was preserved; but he was a journalist, anti- 
quarian, and genealogist of the highest standing, and his ex- 
phcit statement that he had "seen" it, is suflicicnt guarantee 
that it was a genuine old record. As the latest date in it is 
1792, it was probably made the next year. The most probable 



nr.T 1 ' .'L.I ,. 



"75 

reason for drawing up this "old document" was lo show the 
descendants of the last George"^ Talbot of Carr Hall, m regard 
to termination of their leases of the place. The dociiuKut 
appears to have been drawn up from verbal statements, and 
not from a search among records. Now Mary Talbot, dauuhlcr 
of George "^ Talbot, born in 1G58, lived to the great age of 105 
years, dying in 1703. Doubtless her Darwcn grand-children, 
who resided at Carr Hall and were thirty-five to forty-five years 
old at her death, had learned the family history from the vener- 
able dame, and it was probably imparted by soine one of them in 
1793 to the author of the "old document". The Information 
given in this extraordinary record has been proved by other 
sources to be remarkably correct in almost every detail and no 
errors have been discovered; it is therefore reasonable to con- 
clude that the whole of it is correct, including the statements 
about Edward and George, the two sons of the last George-' 
Talbot of Carr Hall. 

George-i Talbot married first, in 1G50, Anne Ryley, baptized 
at Church Xirk, co. Lancaster, 31 July 1634, daughter of 
James Kyley. (See suit of Greenfield vs. Talbot, ante, p. 48.) 
This confirms Mr. Abram's "old document". She had four 
children and died in August 16G0, her burial being recorded in 
the registers of Whalley Church, as follows: "?^Irs. Anne Talbott 
of Carre in Billijigton was buryed the xx^^ day of August IGOU". 

George-' Talbot married secondly, before 1G70, Annk ; 

whose parentage has not been learned; she survived her 
husband, and the registers of Whalley record her sepulture: 
"171o/16. March ye 13. Ye same day, Buried Mrs. Ann 
Taubei-t of Carr Hall in Billinglon, m ye Church". She is 
not mentioned in Mr. Abram's "old document", probably be- 
cause she had no childi-en. 

Abstract of the will of Anne Talbot of Carr within Whilpshire, 
CO. Lancaster, widow, dated 14 Mar. 1714/15. To my great- 
granddaughter Jane i:den £20 according to a conditional agree- 
ment made between my son-in-law John Blore and me 28 Nov. 
1711; and if not paid, I give said sum to my executors to divide 
among my grandchildren by my daughter ^Nlary OsbaUlestoti. 
To my grandchildren Anne and George Osbaldeston, £5 each. 
To Mr. Gerrard £2. To John Parker of Ecclcston 10 .s. To 
Robert Ryley 5 s. Residue to two grandchildren Mary and 
Margery Parkinson. Richard Walmesley of Preston and Wil- 
liam Bastian of Jockhouse, executors. Proved 4 June 171G. 
Inventory of goods £lG7-l-8. (Consistory of Chester.) 



ct 



76 

Children of George^^ and Aune (Ryley) Talbot of Carr Hall: 
i. Edward-, b. about 1G52; according to Mr. Abram's "old 
document" he became a Catholic monk and d. in Italy. This 
is the sole record that has been found of tlie existence of this 
son. But no reason has been found for doubting the state- 
ment; it seems likely that George^i Talbot v.ould have named 
a son for his father Edward-'^ Talbot; and as the family v,ere 
Catholics and several members in earlier generations iu^d 
been priests, it would have been a natural vocation for a 
young heir apparent to assume whose father's ancestral estate 
was probably deemed to be hopelessly lost. 

J2. ii. Gjeohgk, b. about 1G54; by his father's will in 1708 vras given 
Carr estate "if he hapi)en to be alive and appear there"; 
according to Mr. Abram's "old document" he "emigrated to 
New England". 
iii. Catherene, b. about 1G5G; according to Mr. Abram's "old 
document" she "married a son of John Eden of West Auck- 
land, and bad a son Robert and a daughter IMary"; these 
statements are confirmed by the will of George-^ Talbot 
which names his daughter Catherine Eden and her chil.ireu 
Robert and Mary Eden. She m. (1), about 1G78, Egbert 
Eden, who d. in I-ondon in 1703, administration on his estate 
being given that year, (Chester Probate Records.) She 
m. (2), about 1711, John Blore of Billington, who is men- 
tioned as "son-in-law" in the will of widow Anne Talbot La 
1715. This second marriage of Catherine Talbot is not mcD- 
lioned in Mr. Abram's "old document", probablj' because it 
was of no interest to its compiler, as John Blore had no chil- 
dren. On 3 Mar. 17!:?o/C, administration on the estate of John 
Blore of Billington, was given to his \^dow Catherine Blore. 
(Chester Probate Records.) She had a contest over the estate 
with her husband's nephew George Blore; among the -R-itnesse^ 
were her granddaughter Jane (Eden) Waring, ae. 21, wife of 
Richard "Waring, and her m'ece Margery (Parkinson) Hodg- 
kinson, ae. 26, wife of Wilham Hodgkinson; witnesses stated 
that the widow Catherine Blore had been bhnd for several 
years. 

Children of Robert and Catherine (Talbot) Eden: 

1. Robert, b. about 1G80; was living in London in 1750. 
Children: 1. Jane, b. about 1705, m. in 1726, Richard 
Waring. 2. Barbara. 

2. Mary. 

iv. Mary, b. about 1659; m. (1), in Aug. 1693, James Parkinson 
of Standerbar. (See suit of Parkinson vs. Talbot, ante, p. 6^5.) 
She m. (2), at Blackburn Church, 3 Aug. 1705, Robert Os- 
BALDESTON. Thcsc marriages are mentioned in Mr. Abram's 



\ ■■: . • . •,.;!i,i' ■ >ifS\) '.■ 



77 

"old document", and are further confirmed })y the wills of 
George-i Talbot in 1708 and of his widow Anue Talbot in 1715. 
(See ante, pp. 70, 7.^.) Mr. Abram's "old document" as.serts 
that slie d. in 1763, aged 105 years. This remarkable state- 
ment is proved to be correct by two evidences. The registers 
of Whalley record the burial of "Mrs. Mary Osbaldeston of 
Dinldey, widow, July -i^^ 17C3"; and her death is noticed iu 
the "London Magazine" for August 1703, as follows: "Late 
Deaths: Mrs. Osbaldeston of Whalley in Lancashire, aged 
105 years". 

Children by first marriage (Pakkixson) : 

1. J.-oiES, b. in 1694 ; is named in the will of his grand- 
father George^i Talbot dated 18 Dec. 1708, but not in 
the will of widow Anne Talbot dated 14 Mar. 1714/15, 
so he probably d. between these dates. The state- 
ment in Mr. Abram's "old document" that he "died 
aged 20 years", so about 1714, is thus confirmed. 

2. Mauy, b. about 1096; m. in 1715 Thomas Dahwen; 
named in the wills of her grandparents, and in Mr. 
Abram's "old document" which also assigns her the 
following five children (Darwen): 1. Henry, of Carr 
Hall, and later of Langley, co. Essex. 2. John of jRib- 
chcster, d. 1792*. 3. Margaret, m. Lawrence Peelet. 
4. Juliana, m. (1), Charles Baron, and m. (2j, Dr. 
William Ritchie of Aberdeen. 5. Dorofhij, m. 1762, 
Daniel Robinson of Manchester. This marriage is 
thus recorded on the registers of Manchester Cathedral : 
"Daniel Robinson of Manchester, book-keeper, and 
Dorothy Darv.ent of Oswaldtwistle were married 
Oct. 20, 1702", thus confirming Mr. Abram's "old doc- 
ument". 

S. Dorothy, b. about 1098; named in will of her grand- 
father George Talbot in 1708, but not in that of widow 
Anue Talbot in 1715; this confirms the statement of 
Mr. Abram's "old document" that she d. young. 

* The registers of Ribchcster confirm this death record, showing tlic 
burial of John Darwen on 31 Dec. 1792. His will dated 26 Nov. 1792, 
mentions wife Ann, brother Henry Darwen, sister Julian Klchey, and 
children of sister Dorothy, wife of Daniel Robinson. Executors, Wil- 
liam Rye and George Pye. Proved 10 May 1793. (Archdeaconry 
of Richmond.) This will confirms Mr. Abram's "old dix:ument". 

t The Peele Genealogy states that Lawrence Peele, second son of 
William Peele of Oswaldtwistle in Church Kirk, married Margaret 
Darwen of Carr Hall near \Mialley. Robert Peele, eldest brother of 
Lawrence, was father of Sir Robert Peele, Bart., the great cotton manu- 
facturer, and grandfather of the eminent statesman Sir Robert Peele. 



YT 



78 

4. Margery, b. about 1700; is named in the "old docu- 
ment" and in the Avills of her grandfather George'^ 
Talbot in 1703 and Avidow x\nne Talbot in 1715. In 
172G she deposed, ac. '26, in the suit over the estate of 
John Blore; she mentions her marriage to William 
llodgkinson about 1719. 

Children by second marriage (Osbaldeston) : 

5. Anne, bapt. at Blackburn Church 11 Aug. 1706; 
mentioned in the wills of her grandfather George-^ 
Talbot in 1708 and widow Anne Talbot in 1715; is 
also named in Mr. Abrani's "old document" which 
states she m. Kobert Bexnett of llibche.ster. Tliis 
statement is evidently correct, as Ihe Whalley regis- 
ters have the burial on 13 June 1728 of "William Ben- 
net, son of Robert Bennet of Carr Hall in Billington". 

6. George, b. doubtless in 1709, as he is not named in 
the will of his grandfather George^^ Talbot dated 18 
Dec. 1708, but is named in the will of widow Anne 
Talbot in 1715. According to Mr. Abram's "old 
document" he died aged 19 years; this statement is 
proved correct by the registers of "^Miallcy: "George 
Osbaldeston, son of Mr. Robert Osbaldeston of Carr 
Hall in Billington, gent., buried May 30, 1728". 

22. GEORGE22 TALBOT, second son of George-i and Anne 
(Ryley) Talbot of Carr Hall, was born about IGo-i. Only two 
records of liis existence have been found in England. By the 
will of his father dated IS Dec. 1708, he was to succeed to Carr 
Hall, "if he happen to be alive and to appear at Carr aforesaid 
in right sense and good understanding". (See ante, p. 69.) 
He would have been at this time about fifty -five years of age; 
but this is the earliest mention of him that has been discovered 
ill extensive research in England; and the way in which he is 
mentioned indicates he had been missing many years and that 
liis father did not know where he was, or whether he was living 
or dead. The expression "right sense and good understanding" 
is difficult to understand; but it probably refers to some serious 
disagreement with his father, perhaps due to the sou breaking 
away from the ancestral Catholic faith, or to difficulties with 
his stepmother, as a result of which he left home and kept his 
whereabouts unknown. At just what time he had disappeared, 
the will does not indicate; but as James Parkinson, in his suit 
against George-' Talbot, chdmed the latter had promised in 
1C93 to convey Carr Hall to him on his marriage with Mary 



79 

Talbot, it is evident that the son and heir George- Talhot had 
disappeared long before this year; if the latter was known to be 
then living, l^arkinsou's claim would have been absurd. (See 
ante, p. 65.) In his suit against Braddyll in 1G85, George-' 
Talbot mentions an incident many years before, the witnesses 
to ^^'hich were "cither dead or removed beyond the seas where 
unknown to your orator"; this may refer to his missing son 
George^' Talbot. (See ante, p. 59.) 

The only other mention found in England of George-- Talbot, 
is in Mr. Abram's remarkable "old document" of about 1793, 
which states that he "emigrated to New England". (See 
ante, p. 74; also Appendix R' ., p. 101.) i\s above shown, nearly 
every statement of this "old document", even in minute details, 
has been proved by other sources to be correct, and no errors 
in it have been found; it was probably drawn up from informa- 
tion derived through tlie centenarian Mary- (Talbot) Farkinson- 
Osbaldeston, born about 1659, died in 17G3, sister of George- 
Talbot; and she probably had knowledge of what became of her 
brother. But no trace of any such George Talbot can be fomid 
in New England. We are therefore convinced tliat George- 
Talbot, born about 1654, who disappeared from Carr Holl, was 
identical with 

PETER TALBOT, born before 1656, who first appears in New 
England in 1675, being on the tax-list of Dorchester, Mass., for 
that year. The family record made by his son Capt. George 
Talbot of Stoughton and long preserved in the family, states 
that his "father Peter Talbot was born in Lancashire old Eng- 
land and died about 1704". (See "Descendants of Peter Tal- 
bot" by Nevi-ton Talbot, pp. 7 and 8.) 

Over eighty years ago, some of the great-grandchildren of 
Peter Talbot gave a traditionary account of their ancestor which 
was Avritten doA^-n and preserved*, and in 1855 was printed. 
According to this statement, much embellished with details, 
he was born in Lancashire, England, and in youth was kid- 
napped and impressed into the naval service; and being on a 
vessel saihng by the Rhode Island coast, he deserted at niglit, 
escaped to shore by swimming, and made his way north to Dor- 
chester as secretly as he could. (See "New England Historical 
and Genealogical Register", vol. 9, p. 129.) This legend may 
be partly true, especially in regard to his desertion, which 
would provide a reason for his discarding his name "George" 

* This original is not now to be found. 



PV 



80 

and assuming the name "Peter" instead. It is also significant 
that at the time Peter Talbot first appears in New England 
(1075), George-^ Talbot of Carr Hall, claimed in this volume 
to be his father, was residing in Preston co. Lancashire, then 
the chief seaport of north-western England (See ante, p. 49); 
so his son could readily have run away to sea at that time, or 
been seized by a press-gang, according to tradition, impress- 
ment of seamen being then a common practice. 

That George- Talbot Jun. of Carr Hall who disappeared from 
his family and "emigrated to New England" according to Mr. 
Abram's "old docmncnt", -was identical with the colonist 
Peter Talbot of Dorchester, Mass., is further indicated by the 
names given by Peter Talbot to his children. One daughter, 
Mary, was evidently named for her mother INIary (Gold) Tal- 
bot; but none of the names of the other children of Peter Talbot 
are found in the families of either of his wives. The eldest 
sou, Edward, was so named, we believe, in memory of the 
child's uncle and great-grandfather; the second son, Peter, 
bore his father's assumed name; while to the youngest son, 
George, v.as given the name which we claim was originally 
borne in England by his father, the colonist Peter Talbot. 
The eldest daughter, Dorothy, was evidently named for her 
great-aunt Dorothy Talbot. 

But the final and clinching evidence of the parentage of 
Peter Talbot, appears in a deposition in Nev/ England made 
after his death. When Catherine Eden attempted to break the 
will of her father George"' Talbot of Carr Hall in 1709, she ap- 
parently had reason to believe that her brother, the missing 
George, was living in New England; and evidently she had word 
sent thither, either to her brother or his family or to the authori- 
ties, statuig that her father was dead, and that his son should 
come home to succeed to the estate. At this time, Peter Tal- 
bot, the colonist, had been dead over five years, having been 
lost at sea on a voyage to Enghmd in 1704, according to tradi- 
tion among his descendants. But his eldest surviving son, 
Peter Talbot Jun., then a young man of about twenty-five 
years, probably thought he might succeed to the inheritance as 
his father's heir. In order to establish his identity, he there- 
fore proceeded to secure the following affidavit, taken by 
strange coincidence on the very day the trial to break the will 
was started at Chester, which affidavit is preserved in the files 
of the Middlesex County Court at East Cambridge, Mass. 






<^ 






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■^4 ^-1 1;^ 



>^ 






K^ 









|Y§t^ 



4 












'^^ 



i 



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■5. 



81 

"Sept. 22, 1709, at the request of Tetev Talbot, Daniel Hoar 
aged about sixty yeare and Richard Stratton aged about 45 
years, depose that about five years ago they heard Peter Tali)ot, 
formerly of Chelmsford, say that he was born in the parish of 
Blackburn, Lancashire, in the realm of England, son of one 
George Talbot; and further saith not. Sworn before me, Francis 
Foxcroft. J. P." 

These two deponents, Daniel Hoar and Richard Stratton, 
were parties to a deed of 31 May 170i, by wliich the colonist 
Peter Talbot and his wife Hannah, then stated to be of Boston, 
sold some land he owned in Chelmsford; this deed is the lost 
mention found in New England of Peter Talbot, and was exe- 
cuted probably just before he sailed on the voyage on which he 
was lost. It may be confidently surmised that it was at this 
time he casually informed Hoar and Stratton of his birthplace 
and parentage, and that he was going to England to sec his 
relatives. 

The combination of e\'idences found in England and New- 
England, establish beyond doubt that George'^'' Talbot Jan., of 
Carr Hall v/as identical with Peter Talbot the New England 
colonist. But mysteries still remain. Why did he emigrate, 
change his first name, and keep his whereabouts unkno'.vn to 
his father:' "Why did he conceal his true name from his children, 
apparently to the end.^ How did his sister Catherine Eden in 
England know or at least have reason to believe that he was in 
New England, and so send tliither for him after their father's 
death? ^Ye can only make surmises. A change in religion 
from the Catholic to the Protestant faith, or bitter troubles with 
his step-mother may have estranged him from liis father, and 
caused him to leave home and desire his whereabouts to remain 
unknown. Perhaps he enlisted or was impressed into the navy, 
and by desertion rendered himself subject to severe penalty; 
or possibly he may have been implicated in some political in- 
trigue or other difficulty, for which he was seized and trans- 
ported for Virginia, but escaped in the manner claimed by tradi- 
tion; in either of these cases, permanent or at least long con- 
cealment of his identity may have been necessary. If estranged 
from his father and step-mother, perhaps he may at some time 
have communicated with his sister. It is doubtful if the actual 
facts in these matters will ever come to light. 

At the time of the arrival of Peter- Talbot in New England, 
the colonies were in a flourishing condition. Between the 
landing of the Pilgrims in 1620, and the year 1640, some twenty- 



irt 



I-,- , ■ ;.i 



I •■ 



82 

five thousand colonists had settled in the wilderness of New 
England; and although the emigration almost ceased in IGll 
upon the Puritan party coming into power in England, the popu- 
lation of New England had nearly trebled by 1675, and after 
the crushing of the Pequot Indians in 1G37, the colonies had 
been practically free from serious Indian depredations. In the 
spring of 1675, however, Philip, chief of the Wampanoag 
Indians on the easterly shore of Narragansett Bay, formed 
an alliance with numerous other Indian tribes in a supreme 
effort to completely .exterminate or drive out the Puritan colo- 
nists. During tliis two years' conflict, known as "King Philip's 
War", twelve of the frontier towns were destroyed by the 
Indians, forty other settlements were attacked and damaged, 
and over one thousand of the colonists were killed or wounded. 
After six months of varying fortunes and severe losses, the lliree 
colonies of Massachusetts Bay, PljTuouth, and CoJinecticut, 
united in December 1675 in raising an army of one thousand 
men to strike the savages a crushing blow. In a bitterly cold 
blizzard, this force marched against the fortified stronghold of 
the Narragansetts, the most powerful of the Indian tribes, 
situated on an island in the center of an ordinarily inaccessible 
swamp in South Kingston, R. I.; but on account of the extreme 
cold, the swamp at this time was frozen, and tlius made passable. 
The colonial army surprised the Indians on 21 Dec. 1675, and 
after a bloody conflict was completely victorious, the Indian 
wigwams being ignited and the tribe nearly annihilated by fire 
and sword. This battle is known as " The Great Swamp Fight" ; 
and over Hhy years later the soldiers who participated in it or 
their eldest male descendants were granted large tracts of land 
by the Province of ISlassachusetts, as reward for this service. 
Peter Talbot was one of the soldiers in this campaign and his 
son Capt. George Talbot of Stoughton inherited his Narragan- 
sett claim in Narragansett Township No. 5, now Bedford, N. H. 
(Bodgc's "Soldiers in King Philip's War", pp. 433, and 179-191.) 
Peter-- Talbot took the oath of allegiance in Dorchester in 
1678 and resided there until 1679 when he moved to •Nlillou 
where he lived some fi've years. In 1684 he removed to Chelms- 
ford where his first wife died and he married again, and he 
resided there until 16!}3 when he returned to ]Milton, being taxed 
there in 1693 and 1694; but he retained the ownership of a 
small tract of land in Chelmsford for more than ten years longer. 
It is supposed that about 1695 he leased lands in the Ponkapoag 
Indian Reservation (now Canton, Mass.), v/here it is claimed he 



,.// 



83 

settled and afterwards resided. On 31 May 1704, Peter Tal- 
bot of Boston, husbandman, and Hannah his wife, for £lO 
conveyed to Richard Stratton of l»oslon, miller, a parcel of 
land containing six acres in a place called Robin's Hill in Chelms- 
ford, formerly the possession of Henr.y Sparks. Witnesses: 
John Shurlock, Daniel Hoar, and George Tolbutt. Ac- 
knowledged by Peter Talbot and Hannah Talbot 3 June 170 1. 
(Middlesex Coujity Deeds, vol. 13, p. G77.) This is the last 
record found of Peter Talbot; and probably he soon started for 
England and was lost at sea during the voyage in 1704, according 
to tradition. 

Peter- Talbot married first, in Dorchester, Mass., 12 Jan. 
1677/8, Mrs. jMaky (Gold) Wadell, born in Braintree, Mass., 
23 Dec. 1651, daughter of Francis and Rose Gold (emigrants to 
New England), and widow of John Wadell of Chelmsford; she 
died in Chelmsford IS Aug. 1687, having had five children by 
Talbot. He married secondly, in Chelmsford, 29 Dec. 1687, 
Mrs. Hannah (Clark) Fkizell, born in AVoburn, INIass,, 13 
Feb. 1645/6, daughter of William and jNIargery Clark (emi- 
grants to New England), and vridow of William Frizell of Con- 
cord, Mass. She had one son by Talbot, and was living on 31 
May 1704, when they sold his Chelmsford land. 

Children by first wife (i.-iii. recorded in Milton; iv.-v. in 
Chelmsford) : 

i. Edward-^ b. 31 Mar. 1670; evidently named for his grcat- 
grandfather or for his unclu "who d. in Italj'''; no further 
record; according to tradition he was killed in childhood by 
the Indians in Chelmsford. 
ii. Dorothy, b. i20 Feb. 1680/1; evidently nanaed for her great- 
aunt Dorothy^' Talbot, or her great-grandmother Dorothy 
Braddyll; m. in 1704, James Cuttikg of Watertowu, Mass., 
later of "Windham County, Conn, 
iii. Mary, b. 15 Jan. 108'2/3; named for her mother; no further 

record; probably d. young. 
iv. Peter, b. 1 Jan. 168i/5; on 22 Sept. 1709, secured the deposi- 
tion about his father, previously given. (See ante, p. 81.) 
On 20 Sept. and 1 Dee. 1736, James Cutting and Dorothy 
his wife, of AVindham County, Conn., and l::ieazer Puffer 
and Elizabeth his wife, of Suffolk County, Mass., release to 
their brother Capt. George Talhot, their interest in any land 
grants made or to be made by the Province of Massachusetts 
Bay to their brother Peter Talbot, supposed to be deceased. 
JsJffolk CO. Deeds, vol. 126, pp. lGl-2.) This expression 
indicates that Peter Talbot disappeared; he may have died in 
the Indian Wars, or perished at sea on a futile trip to Eng- 



84 

land to clairii succession to Lis father's rights to Carr Hall; 
his obtaining the deposition as to his father and grandfather, 
favors the hitler supposition. 
V. Elizabeth, b. 13 Jan. 1686/7; ni. (1), 27 Nov. 1713, Eleazek 
PuFFEK of Stou^hton; m, (2), 3 Aug. 1748, Samuel Rousau 
of Stoughton. 
Child by second wife: 

vi. Capt. George-% b. in Chelmsford 28 Dec. 1C8S; evidently 
named for his fiithcr. When a child lie was taken by his par- 
ents in their removal to the Poukapoag Indian Reservation 
(now Canton, Mass.). Upon his marriage in 1707, he leased of 
Thomas Vose for twelve years a farm in the north-east corner 
of the present town of Canton (then part of Dorchester). 
In 1720 he purchased for £111 a farm of IGO acres in that part 
of Dorchester which in 1726 became the south-east part of 
the new to\\^l of Stoughton, whither he removed. Here he 
became a prosperous and prominent man, constantly increas 
ing his landed possessions, serving in numerous town ofhc 
and holding commissions as captain of the local military r 
pany and justice of the peace, then offices of distinction n 
4 Apr. 1714, both he and his wife were admitted to fu' n- 
munion in the !Milton church, and on 12 Nov. 1717 th ere 
dismissed to the newly-formed church in Dorche? sew 

Village (Stoughton). He is represented by trad* as a 

man of great piety and high character. He d. at home- 

stead in Stoughton 31 July 1760, aged sevent years. 

He was ancestor of all of the Talbot name de .-d from 

Peter Talbot. 

He m. (1), 18 Feb. 1706/7, Mary Turell, b. m Boston 
10 June 1GS3, daughter of Daniel and Anna (Barrell) Turell; 
she had nine children and d. 24 Apr. 1736. 

He m. (2), 27 July 1737, Elizabeth "Withixgton, b. in 
Dorchester, in June 1696, daughter of Philip and Thankful! 
(Pond) Withington. She d. 30 Apr. 1774; no children. 

Children by first marriage: 

1. ALvTvY^S b. 24 Mar. 1708; m. 1729, George Allen. 

2. Daniel, b. 7 Mar. 1700/10. 

3. Hannah, b. 1 May 1712; m. 1 May 1735, David Gat. 

4. George, b. 24 Oct. 1714. 

5. Peter, b. 27 Feb. 1716/17. 

6. Sarah, b. 23 Aug. 1719; m. 29 Nov. 1739, Benjamin 
White. 

7. Jerusha, b. C Oct. 1721; m. 20 Nov. 1746, Dea. 
Jonathan Capen. 

8. Ebenezer, b. 4 Dec. 1723. 

9. Experience, b. 20 Feb. 1726/7; m. 29 Oct. 1747, 
Joseph Smith. 



i^B 



:iTf 



APPENDIX I 

PEDIGREE OF TALBOT, EARLS OF SID^EWS- 
BURY 



HUGIP TALEBOT, born about 1085, (said to be younger 
son of Richard" Talebot recorded in Domesday Book, who is 
supposed to be son of Le Sire Talebot who came into England 
from Normandy in 10G6 with Wilham "he Concjueror*), was 
made commander of the Castle of Pie? ;y in lllS by his first 
cousin Hugh dc Gournay, then in rebe m against King Henry 

I. Hugh Talebot late in life assumer le habit of a monk and 
retired into the monastery of Beaub .n Normandy where liie 
died. He is said to have had three s , of whom, 

RICHARD 1 TALEBOT, born a : 1120, is claimed to be 
the Richard Talebot who about 11/ <tained from King Henry 

II. a grant ?n capile of the lord of Eccleswall in ].inton. 
County Hereford, which grant v Iso confirmed in 1180 by 
King Richard I. on payment of ? arks. From this Richard 
Talebot the descent can be trace i certainty, as these estates 
in Linton formed the main seat oi tuc family for many genera- 
tions. He married a daughter of Stephen Bulmcr of Appletrco- 
wick, Yorkshire, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

GILBERl'5 TALEBOT, born about 1150, who was present 
at the coronation of King Richard I. in 1189, by whom he was 
granted additional lands in Linton for military services as com- 
mander of Ludlow Castle. He was living as late as 1190 and 
was succeeded by his son, 

RICHARD^ TALEBOT, born about 1180, who married 
Ai.iNA (Bassett) Montague, daughter of Allan Bassett, Baron 
of Wycombe, and widow of Dreux de jSlontague. Both \s ere 
living in 1^231. They had a son Richard^ Talbot who became 
Bishop of London in 12G3, and an eldest son, 

* See ante, p. 3. 



(1 •■ . iS 



* ,:[.^( 



86 

GILBERT^ TALBOT, born about 121.5, who succeeded to the 
family estates and was Later made governor of the castles of 
Grismond, Skiuirith, and Blancminster by King Henry III., 
and also was appointed a justice for the County of Hereford. 
He married Gwexuolixe, daughter of llhys ap Grifhth, King of 
South "Wales, and thereupon relinquished his paternal ancestral 
arms, viz., Bendy of ien, argeni and gides, and assumed for 
arras, Gides, a lion ramyant iciihin a bordure engrailed, or, the 
armorial ensigns of the Princes of South Wales, which arms his 
descendants have ever since borne. He died in 1274 and was 
succeeded by his son 

RICHARD^ TALBOT, born about 1245, who was sheriff 
of Gloucestershire in 1300 and died in 1306. He married 
Sabaii de Beauciiamp, daughter of William de Beauchamp, 
Earl of Warvv'ick. Their eldest son, 

Sm GlLliERT^ TALBOT, KNT., first Baron Talbot, born 
about 1275, inherited the family estates, served in the expedition 
against Scotland in 1208, Avas appointed governor of Gloucester 
Castle in 1323, and was summoned to Parliament as a Baron 
from 1331-13-13. He died hi 134G. By his wife Anne Botei.er, 
daughter of Vvilliam Boteler of Wemmc, he had a son and heir, 

SIR RlCHARDio TALBOT, KNT., second Baron, born in 
1302, was summoned to Parliament from 1331 to 1335. In 
1332 he claimed certain Scottish estates in right of his wife, and 
adhering to Edward Baliol invaded that Kingdom and defeated 
the Scots at Gleddesmore; but two years later he was mnde a 
prisoner and had to pay 2,000 marks for redemjjtion. In 133G 
he was made governor of Berwick Castle, in 1340 succeeded to 
his father's estates, in 1355 served in the expedition to France, 
and died 23 Oct. 1356. He married in 1325 Elizabeth CoM-i-x, 
daughter and co-heir of John Comyn, Lord of Goodrich Castle. 
Their eldest surviving son and heir, 

GH^BERTii TALBOT, third Baron, born in 1332, succeeded 
to the family estates in 1356, and was summoned to Parliament 
from 1362 to 1386. He served in the v.ars in France under the 
Black Prince, and died 24 Apr. 1387. He married, first, about 
1860, Petronilla Butlek, daughter of James Butler, Earl 
of Ormonde, by Eleanor his wife, daughter of Humphrey de 
Bohun, Earl of Hereford, by liis wife the Lady Elizabeth Plan- 
tagenet, daughter of King Edward I. Their son, 



OR 



87 

RICUArvD'- TALT50T, fourth Baron, born about 13G1, was 
summoned to Parliament from 1384 to 1393. lie inlieriled the 
family estates on the death of his father in 1387 and died 7 
Sept. 139G. lie married about 1382, Ank^^ret Le Stkaxge, 
dauglitcr and heiress of John Le Strange, Baron Strange of 
Blackmere. They had five sons and four daughters, of whom the 
eldest son, Gilbert'- Talrot, born in 1383, succeeded to the 
estates in 139G, was summoned to Parliament as fifth Baron 
from 140-i to 1417, and died 19 Oct. 1419, leaving a sole child 
and heiress Axkaret'* Talbot, who died in 1421 at the age of 
four years. The second son, 

SIR J0HN13 TALBOT, K. G., first Earl of Shrewsbury 
born about 1385, married in 1400, Maud Nevill, eldest daugh- 
ter and co-heir of Thomas Nevill, Lord Furnivall, by whom he 
acquired vast estates in Hallamshire (iiicluding the Castle of 
Sheffield), in consequence of which he vras summoned to l^arlia- 
meut from 1409 to 1420 as John Talbot, Lord Furnival. On 
the death in childhood of his niece, Ankaret'^ Talbot, in 1421, 
he succeeded also to the ancient Talbot estates in Linton and to 
the ]5aronies of Talbot and Strange of Blackmere. 

From 1412 to 1420 he served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; 
but in 1422 he entered into military pursuits and became one of 
the most renowned warriors of the martial age in which he 
lived. He gloriously sustained the cause of King Henry VL 
throughout his French realm in battle after battle, until the 
very name of Talbot became a terror to his foes. Once his 
forces were defeated by the army of the Maid of Orleans at the 
Battle of Patay in 1429, and he himself was taken prisoner; 
but four years later he was exchanged, and soon again in com- 
mand of an English army. For his brilliant achievements lie 
was created in 1442 Earl of Shrewsbury and in 144(i Earl of 
Waterford. Later he v/as commander of the Castle of Falaiso 
in Normandy (the birthplace of William the Conqueror), 
to which he added a massive keep, still knoN\ai as the Talbot 
Tower. In 1453 he was again in command of an English army 
in France and was killed by a cannon shot at the Battle of 
Chastillon, 17 July 1453. He had been victorious in forty 
battles, and his death proved fatal to English dominion on the 
Continent. From this great Earl, the present Earl of Shrews- 
bury, the Premier Earl of England, is directly descended. 
(See Burke's "Peerage" for 1904, pp. 1411-12; and G. E. Cock- 
ayne's "Complete Peerage", vol. 7, pp. 359-61, and 13G-7.) 



APPENDIX II 
PEDIGREE OF TALBOT OF SALESBURY 



J0IIX12 TALBOT, born about 1SS5, son of ^YiIliaml2 Talbot 
a younger son of Sir lildmund^^ Talbot, Knt., of Bashall (see 
ante, p. 11), having divorced in 141ci Lis first ^vile Margery (bj- 
whom he had had three «=ons), married secondly, about 1421, 
Isabella de Cliderou (Clitheroe). She was daughter and 
heiress of Richard de Cliderou, and brought to her husband the 
manor of Salcsbury and other estates in that region comprising 
in all about a thousand acres. Thus was established a new 
and important branch of the Talbot family which continued 
seated at Salesburj^ Hall until 1G7D V\'hen an heiress, Dorothy-'^ 
Talbot carried the estates in marriage to the Warren family. 
Johni3 Talbot died 18 x\pr. 1419; his wife Isabella had died 1 
Aug. 1432. 

Children by first wife Margery: 
i. Hugh's b. about 1410. 

ii. CliRlSTOPHER. 
iii. ALtX-^NDEK. 

Children by second wife Isabella de Cliderou: 
iv, A DAUGHTER'^ , b. about 1423. 
V. JoELX, b. about 1425. 

vi. A DAUGHTER. 

vii. RicH.\JiD. 

viii. A DAUGHTER. 

Lx. Lawrence. 

JOHN" TALBOT, ESQ., of Salesbury, born about 1425, 
was eldest son of John^^ Talbot by the hitter's second wife Isa- 
bella de Cliderou, and so succeeded to the manor of Salcsbuiy 
and the other estates of his mother. He is called six years old 
in the inquisition post mortem held after the death of his 
niother in 1432, and twenty-four years old at the inquisition 



) T" ■■:•:!/■'='■■ 'H 



89 

post mortem held after the death of his fatlicr lu IIIO. In 
1465 he assisted his second-cousin Sii- Thomas^* Talbot, Knt,, 
of Bashall, in the capture of King Henry VI., for which service 
he ^Yas rewarded vrith a pension by King Edward IV. He died 
in 1484. He married about 1449, Johantxa Radcliffe, 
daughter of Sir Jolm BadclifTe, Knt., of Ordsall. 
Children: 

i. JoiTNiS b. about 14.50. 

ii. Ralph, a captain at Calais. 

iii. William. 

iv. IMyles. 

V. Roger. 

vi. Isabell.4., m. EicHAJiD Ashton. 

vii, Elizabeth, m. Lav,-rexce Aixsworth. 

viii. ISLvKGARET 

ix. Alice, m. Giles Levesey. 
X. Lucy, m. Ralph Ashton. 

SIR JOIIN'^ TALBOT, ]<ZN^T., of Salesbury, born about 14-50, 
was knighted at the Battle of Hiitton Field in 1483, succeeded 
to the family estates on his father's death the next year, and 
had from King Richard III. a grant of continuation of his 
father's pension. He died 10 Aug. 1511. He married Anx"E 
AsHTOX, daughter of Sir Ralph Ashton of iMiddieton, Knt. 
Children: 

i. JoHNl^ b. about 1477. 
ii. Ralph. 
iii. Richard. 
iv. Thomas. 

V. Axxe, m. Richard Rishton. 
vi. Waj^gery, m. Al.vn Singleton. 
vii. Ellex, m. Jonx Singleton. 

30B.W TALBOT, ESQ., of Salesbury, born about 1477, 
at the age of twenty-four years succeeded his father in 1511, 
but enjoyed the estates but a few years, as he died in 1515. He 
married about 1500, Isabeli^a. Towxeley, daughter of Richard 
Tov.-ncley. 
Children: 

i. JoHx", b. in 1501. 
ii. Richard. 
iii. Hugh. 
iv. "William. 
V. Anne, m. Edmund Hopwood. 



08 



.li Ti ' 



.<rli ni 



90 

JOHN" TAI.130T, ESQ., of Salesbury, born in 1.501, when 
fourteen years old inherited tlie family estates. He entered his 
family and arms in the Visitation of Lancashire of 1533, -wherein 
he is termed by the herald "a very gentle csquier and Vvorthy 
to be taken paynes for". As the lierald mentioned some of the 
gentry in a much less com})]imentary strain, it would seem likely 
that John Talbot handed the herald a generous fee! He died 
SO Aug. 1551, leaving a will made two days previously. He 
married first, about 1521, Anne Siiekburne, daughter of Hugh 
Sherlnirnc; and he married secondly, in ISS'C, Ax:n'E Banxistek, 
daughter of Richard l^annister of Altham. 

Children by first marriage: 
i. Joun'-, b. about 1523. 
ii. Jane. 
iii. An^-e, m. JouN Hotiiersall. 

iv. I\L\RG.VRET. 

Children by second marriage: 

V. Tuo.AL\s, b. about 1533; became a celebrated antiquarian 
and genealogist and Keeper of the Records in the Tower of 
London. 
vi. Michael. 
vii. JoHX "the younger", 
viii. Kicn.Uio. 
ix. Nicholas. 
X. Robert. 
xi. Beatrice. 

xii. Elizabeth, m. Humphrey Wtke. 
xiii. IsABEi., ni. Wilfred Bannister. 

JOHN^s TALBOT, ESQ., of Salesbury, born about 1523, 
succeeded his father in 1551, and adhered to the Catholic faith 
after the Reformation. The inquisition post mortem taken 
after his death on 1 Sept. 1588, states that his heir was his grand- 
son John Talbot, aged seven years, son of George Talbot, de- 
ceased. 

He married first, Alice Osbaldeston daughter of Sir Alexan- 
der Osbaldestou, Knt.; she died without issue in 1553. He 
married secondly, in 1554, ISIahy Moore, by whom he had three 
illegitimate sons born before marriage, and a son and two 
daughters who were legitimate. 

Children, (i.-iii. illegitimate): 
i. Johni», b. about 1548. 

ii. Robert, b. about 1550; ancestor of the Talbots of Cowhill 
in Rishton. (See Appendix III., post, pp. 93-94.) 



Ofl 



91 

iii. Thomas, b. about 1552. 

iv. George, b. about 1555; eldest legitimate son. 
V. ivLvKY, m. JojiN Atiiekton. 
vi. Fr-^nces, m. Petek Barlow. 

GEORGE^^ TALBOT, born about 1555, fourth but eldest 
legitimate son of John^^ Talbot, after his marriage occupied 
Dinkley Hall, one of the several homesteads owned by his 
father, where he died during his father's lifetime, 2G Sept. 158 4. 
His will dated 14 June 1584 names his father John Talbot of 
Salesbuiy, Esq., brother Robert Talbot, wife's sister Anne 
Southworth, cousin William Talbot, son John Talbot, and 
daughter Tvlary Talbot. (Consistory of Chester.) He married 
Mary Soutuw^okth, second daughter of Sir John Southworth, 
Knt. 

Children: 

i. Joirs^-^ b. about 1581. 
ii. ]\1ary, m. John Singletox. 

Sm JOlIN^o TALBOT, Jas^T., of Salesbury, born in 15S1, 
succeeded to the family estates on the death of his grandfather 
in 1588, and on 90 Aug. 1617 was knighted by King James I. 
When the Civil War broke out in 1642, he joined the Royalists, 
and as a result Salesbury Hall was seized and plundered, but 
not destroyed, and later all his estates were sequestered by 
Parliament and subjected to heavy fines. He died in Dec. 165 f>, 
and was buried in 131ackburn Church. He married first about 
1607, ]\L\KGARET Bakloav, daughter of Sir Alexander Barlow, 
Knt., who died 26 Dec. 1G2S. He married secondly, Makgaket 

■ — , who was buried at Blackburn 6 June 1653. 

Children by first wife: 

i. JoHN=i, b. 29 Aug. 1008. 
ii. Alexaindek, b. IGIO; d. y. 

iii. George, b. 8 June 1G12; fought iu the Royalist army at the 
storming of Preston 9 Feb. 1G42, where he was taken prisoner. 
In 1CG5 he built a mansion called New Hall in the township 
of Clayton-in-the-Dale, where he d. in 1C78. His will (date 
illegible], proved 3 Feb. 1G78, gave to "reputed* daughter 
Elizabeth", £40, to the poor of Salesbury and Clayton le Dale 
10s. each, to George Pigott of Preston a signet ring, to George 
Pigott the younger of Preston three pieces of gold, and to 
daughter Margaret Talbot all residue of estate. Said George 

* She was probably his step-daughter Elizabeth Walmesley. 



(0 



•M oJcmiJi;^ ! (,-"»!>(• 






i . '>!?,;{.-:■ 



92 

Pigotts executors, luventory £103. (Chester Probate Kec- 
ords.) He m. (1), at Blackburn, 20 Apr. lCo7, Anne Park- 
inson, dauijhter of Robert Paikinson of Fairsnape, Gent. 
He m. (2), in 1G74, Mks. Elizaukth (SouTinvoRTJi) Wal- 
MESiiKY-NowELL, b. in 1(320, daughter of Thomas Southworth 
of Sahucsbury, and widow first of Richard "Walniesley of 
Showley (l>y whom she had a daugliter Ehzabeth), and 
secondly of John Nov/ell of jNteareley. (See Abram's "His- 
tory of Elfickburu," p. 6G2.) 
Child by first wife: 
1. Margakkt"', b. about 1G59, sole child and heiress; 
living 1C78; later history untraced. 
iv. ]Maegaret=S m. Tho]mas Clayton. 
V. Mary, b. 1015; bur. 11 July 1638, unm. 
vi. Thomas, b. 31 Jan. 161G/17; bur. at Blackburn 6 Nov. 1G28, 

unm. 
vii. Anne, b. 1C19, m. Alex.^'der Osbaldeston, Esq., of Osbal- 
deston, and had t^u children. He entered his pedigree in 
the Visitation of Lancashire in IGOi, and was bur. at Black- 
burn 11 Feb. 1070/1. She was bur. there 19 Mar. 1G73. 

J0HN21 T.NXBOT, ESQ., of Salesbury, born 29 Aug. 1608, 
as eldest son and hen- succeeded to the inheritance of the estates 
which he secured after the restoration of Charles II. in 1G60. He 
was buried in Blackburn Church 11 Oct. 1G77. He married 
first, about 1630, JNLuiGARET Westby, daughter of Thomas 
V/estby of INIowbreck; she was buried at Blackburn 27 June 
1G34. He married secondly, Dorothy Wilford, daughter of 
James ^Viliord of Newman Hall, co. Essex; she was buried at 
Blackburn 9 Sept. 168k 
Children by first wife: 

i. JoHN=^ b. 1C30; bur. 21 Feb. 1630/1. 
ii. ISUkgaret, b. about 1633; bur. 15 Jan. 1G36/7. 
Children by second wife: 
iii. John--, d. y. 

iv. Dorothy, b. \o Feb. 1650, only surviving child, and heiress to 
all the estates of the Talbots of Salesbury; m. in 1678, Ed- 
ward Warren, Esq., of Poynton, co. Chester, and had eight 
children. The Talbot estates continued in their descendants 
until 18G6 when they were sold to Henry Ward of Blackburn 
for £140,000. The estates then comprised a total of 2837 
acres, 3 roods, and 34 perches. 
Note. The above pedigree is taken mainly from Abram's "History 
of Blackburn", pp. 647-C55. 



«? 



)' 'W<-!..'I 



APrENDIX III 

PEDIGREE OF TALBOT OF COVv^IIlXL IxN 
RISHTON 



ROBERTAS TALBOT, born about 1550, second son of Sir 
Johnjs Talbot, Knt., of Salesbury, but born before his parent's 
marriage, is mentioned in the will in 158-i of his younger brother 
George" Talbot, their father's legitimate heir. Robert Talbot 
resided in DinLdey Hall, one of the family estates, after the 
decease of his brother George^^ Talbot. (See anfe, pp. 00-91.) 

He married Elizabeth Hogiiton, daughter of Richard 
Hogliton of Lea. 

Children: 
i. JoHX='\ 
ii. Geohge. 

iii. ROBEKT. 

iv. Richard, b. about 1583. 

V. I'^OMAS. 

RICHARD-o TALBOT, bom about 1583, settled at Co^YhilI 
in Rishton where he died in Nov. 1054, His will dated y Jan. 
1G53/4, directed that his goods be divided into three equal i)arts, 
whereof his wife Mary to have one, his son Thomas one, and tbc 
third to his executors to perform these legacies, viz.; to son and 
heir John 5s., to old servant Christopher Hindle a new bed, and 
the residue to the daughter of Charlton Hindle of rieasington. 
Proved 13 Feb. 1C54/5. (P.C.C, Aylett 238.) 

He married first, about 1G07, Alice Duckworth, by whom 

he had two sons. He njarried secondly, Mary . sister 

to the wife of Adam Bolton who survived him. 

Children by first wife: 
i. JoirN-2', b. about 1G08. 
ii Thomas, living in 1GG9. 



94 

J0HN21 TALBOT, born about ICOS, resided at Cowliill in 
Rishton and appears with his three sons Thomas, John, and 
Robert, on the Pi-eston Guild Rolls of IGG'2, but died before IGGO. 
He married at lUachbuin, 7 Feb. 1031/2, Jexxett Clayton, 
daughter of John Clayton of Clayton Iley, who was buried at 
CiitherocfiApr. 1084. 
Children : 

i. Thomas=2, bapt. at Blackburn 3 Aug. 1634; was elected a 
governor of the Blackburn Grammar School in 1GG7, and d. in 
Aug. 1675. He m. at Blackburn, 26 Nov. 1657, Mrs. IMary 
(Ellison) Ckoss, bapt. there 12 June 1632, daughter of 
John Ellison, and widow of John Cross of Altham. 
Children bapt. at Blackburn: 

1. AxNE2^ b. 1658, d. y. 

2. Alice, bapt. 10 Mar. 1659/60. 

8. John, bapt. 28 Sept. 1662; appears on Preston Guild 
Rolls of 1GS2, 1702, and 1722. 

4. Mary, b. probably in 1664. 

5. Richard, bapl. 16 Mar. 1666/7; mentioned on Preston 
Guild Rolls in 1682. 

Elizabeth, bapt. 30 Jan. 1669/70. 

ii. Anxe", m. Li oxARD Nowell of Clitheroe. 

iii. Jonx, bapt. 17 May 1041; was of Rishton and later of Clay- 
ton, and d. before 1682 when he is termed deceased and his 
four sons are named as of Clayton on the Preston Guild 
Rolls of 1682. He m. in 1665, Mary Sudell, daughter of 
John and Ahec Sudell of Stopping Hey in Wilpshire, whose 
will dated 19 Nov. 1G85, mentions his grandchildren Thomas 
and Samuel Talbot. 
Children: 

1. Richard", b. 1660. 

2. John, b. 1669. 

3. Thomas. 

4. SAMmsL. 

iv. Robert-, b. about 1643, settled in Chtheroe where he was 
bur. 20 June 1G75. He m. in 1666, Isabella Lvwsox, who 
d. in 1703. 
Children: 

1. Jonx=3, b. 166S; bur. at Chtheroe 16 Oct. 1677. 

2. George, b. about 1671; mentioned on the Preston 
Guild Rolls of 16S2, as "George Talbot, son of Robert 
of Clitheroe." 

Note. The above pedigree is based on one in Abram's "History of 
Blackburn", pp. 642-3, and a manuscript pedigree thawn up in 1669 
by Christopher Towncley, now in the British Museum, London, Addi- 
tional Mss. no. 30146, p. 118. 



ffv; ..• 



APPENDIX TV 
PEDIGREE OF T.ILBOTS OF CARR HALL 

By W. a. Abram 

[William Alexander Abram, Esq., of Blackluirn, England, 
was a journalist by profession, but became widely known and 
distinguished as an antiquarian, historian, and genealogist. In 
1877 he published his monumental work, "A History of IMack- 
burn", a volume of some eight hundred pages of the greatest 
liistorical interest and value, and also containing genealogies of 
over three hundred of tlie old families connected with the 
parish. The "Preston Guild llolls", published by the Record 
Society in 1884, were also transcribed and edited by him. 

Besides the above two important works, Mr. Abram was a con- 
stant contributor of antiquarian articles to various ne\vspa})ers 
in Blackburn and vicinity for over twenty years from 1871? to 
1894, except during the period 1881 to 1887 when all his atten- 
tion was occupied as editor-in-chief of the "lilackburn Times". 
During the score of years named, he printed over six hundred 
articles in the "Preston Guardian", "Blackburn Weekly Ex- 
press and Standard", and " Blackburn Times". Mr. Abram was 
a member of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 
the Record Society, and the Society of Antiquaries of London, 
and a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He died in 1S!)4, 
eleven years before the writer visited Blackburn in November 
1905 in search of the ancestry of Peter Talbot; but through the 
kindness of his son, G. P. Abram, Esq., of Blackburn, and of Mr. 
Ashton, librarian of the Blackburn Free Library, the writer 
was enabled to see all the six himdred newspaper articles written 
by Mr. Abram. Among these articles was a valuable and 
interesting three colunm account of the Talbots of Carr Hall 
compiled by Mr. Abram and printed in the "Blackburn Times" 
of Saturday 27 May 1893. This article is of the greatest 
importance, as in it ^Ir. Abram mentions the fact that he had 
seen an old document, which states that George Talbot Jun., 



U--:-f i\ '.'■ 



96 

of Carr Hall enngrated to New England. Mr. Abrani's son 
kindly presented to the writer the only copy of this article 
known to be preserved, a coniplele vcrbatiou co})y of which is 
given below, v.ith annotations by the writer who from very 
extensive research on this family has been able to correct a few 
slight errors in ]Mr. Abram's account. 

— J. Gardner Bartlett.] 

ANCIENT HOUSES AROUND BLACKBURN 

CARR HALL, WILPSHIRE, 
A>.^D ITS FORMER OWNERS, THE TALBOTS OF CARR 

By W. A. Abeam. 



The neat engraving placed above depicts, for the first time as an 
illusti-ation to a. printed account, the antiquated house which bears the 
name of Caii, or Carr Ilall, which is situated about four miles from the 
town of Blackburn, to the north-eastward, on the further border of the 
townsljjp of Wilpshire, the nearer portion of which has now become a 
pleasant and picturesque residential suburb of Blackburn. [Note l.} 
The traveller on the high road from Blackburn to V>lialie>-, soon after 
he lias passed the highest point on the road, a httle beyond the modern 
village, and begins to descend into the Rihble valley, where the scene 
before him is so strikingly fine, descries across the fields on the right, 
standing in its fold in a sheltered hollow or nook at the foot of the 
accUvity of ^Vilpshire JNIoor, a good-sized white house, which even at 
a distance appears of old structure. This is the ancient messuage of 
the Carr, deriving its name from its situation, under the high bank 
beside a moorland stream — the word "carr" signifying a piece of low 
boggy ground. The house is reached from the turnpike by a short 
oecui)ation road. Our engraving is reduced from a drawing, after a 
good photograph recently taken by Mr. Bibby, with the assistance of 
Mr. Mosley. It represents the front of the house, which has a westerly 
outlook, and is separated from the farm-yard by a garden plot. As 
an example of the work of the house-builders of the district some three 
centuries ago, this house on the front shown is intact, and therefore 
useful for illustration. Its structure has not beea injured or altered in 
any feature on this aspect, but in the rear there appears to have been 
some demolition of a portion of the original extension from the main 
block. [Note 2.) The outer walls of Carr Hall are whitewashed, as 
they have been for many years, since I have known the place, but its 
clean and home-like look is perhaps rather enhanced by its coating of 
lime-wash. 

Unlike most of the sixteenth and seventeenth centiu-y houses of 
any importance m North-East Laneaslure, Carr Hall, Wilpshire, has 






.■i ,;•.■■■• -.1 



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K 



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^ 






giiilfc 



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tJ: 



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1^ 



97 

no lettered stone on its exterior to inrlica.le the date of its erection, or, 
by its initials, the owner's and builder's name. But by eoniparison 
with other houses in the district, we may guess the age of this appmxi- 
natcly. It bears a close resembhince, for instance, to Pleasington Old 
Hall, not only in plan, projection, and width of the wings and j)itch of 
the gables, but in the position and form of the front doorway, and in the 
detail of the small mullioned windows, &c. Compare the view of Carr 
Hall abo^■e with the engra\dng of Pleasington Old Hall in my Ilistunj 
of Blackburn (page C21). Now the manor-house of Pleasington was 
rebuilt in 1587, and we may confidently say that the house at Carr in 
Wilpshire was rebuilt within a few years of the same time. Its builder, 
therefore, I am pretty sure, was the George Talbot, Gentleman, who 
held the estate through the reigns of Queen Elizabeth and James the 
P'irst, when there was a general rebuilding of manor-houses, and other 
gentlemen's and yeomen's houses, not only in Lancashire, but through- 
out England. The plan of Carr Hall, the recessed centre and wings 
projecting at cither end, is the common plan of Lancashire houses of 
the period. This house is built of the local gritstone. As to its in- 
terior, the rooms are spacious and have an air of olden time about 
them, but have no features of remarkable interest for the antiquary. 
The hall has long been reduced from its former dignity as the minor 
manor-house of a proprietory family, to the condition of a house for 
the tenant farmer. Several years ago, when along v.-ith two or tln-oe 
friends on a summer evening's walk in the neighbourhood, we looked at 
the old house at Carr, I promised some day to write an article about it 
and its former owners. Below I now give the results of my research 
into the history of this ancient freehold. 

The Talbots of Carr in Wilpshire were a branch of the Talbots, 
lords of Salesbury, unless, which is not unlikely, they directly sprung 
from the older house of the Talbots of Bashall, at a date earlier tlian 
the commencement of the line of the Salesbury Talbots with '\^ illiuni 
Talbot, younger son of Sir Edmund, of Bashall. [Note 3.] The 
Talbots settled at Carr, although their landed estate was always small, 
bore \}\e same arms as the eminent families seated at Salesbury and 
Bashall, and were certainly of the same origin. The first who has been 
traced is Stephen Talbot of Carr, Uving in the second half of^ the 
fifteenth century. He was the father of George Talbot of Carr, 
living in the IGt'h Henry VII. (a. d. 1500). His sou- 
Nicholas Talbot, of Carr, Gent., was in possession before IcriS, 
when he paid the King's Subsidy for his lands in Wilpshire, valued at 
40 s. a year, equal to more than as many pounds of present money. 
Amongst the tenants of Whalley Monastery, at the dale of it.s sup- 
pression, in 1538, was Nicholas" Talbot, who held of the Abbot and 
Monks, Snodworth in Billington, paying yearly Is. Snodwortli is the 
upland farm adjacent to Vv'ilpshire IMoor, above the tenement of Carr 
which Nicholas Talbot held in fee. Nicholas Talbot's first wife was 
Elizabeth, daughter of Lawrence Shuttleworth, of Gawthorp, Gent., 



TG 



"■■\ ■■ 



98 

and bis second was Anne, first daughter and one heir of Evan Brown 
of Ribbleton, Gent. [Note 4.] The latter survived him, and married 
again, to Richard Sherb'irne of Baylcy, Esq. Besides a son George 
by liis second wife, Nicholas Talbot had two daughters, Margaret and 
Bridget, by his fir^t \\'ife. [Note 5.] Re died in the first year of Ed- 
ward M. In the Public Becord Office is preserved the return of the 
Inquisition taken by the Escheator after his death; this I have con- 
sulted, and made a note of its material contents. It testifies that 
Nicholas Talbot, Gent., had died seased of two messuages, 40 (cus- 
tomary) acres of land, 16 acres of meadow, and 18 acres of woodland 
in Wilpshire and Salesbury; also of 20 acres of land and 2 s. rent in 
Penhullon [Pendleton]; and of 9 acres of land and woodland in Billing- 
ton. (The 10;^ acres of land of Lancashire measure would l)e equiva- 
lent to nearly 200 statule acres.) Nicholas Talbot died on the 2Sth 
of April preceding the inquisition, and in the year 1547. George 
Talbot was his son and heir, aged 5 years and 11 months. [Note 6.] 

Geouge Tauiot, the son and heir of Nicholas, being a child under 
six years, he would be in the wardship of the King until he was of age. 
Litigation took place soon after between Nicholas Talbot's daughters, 
and the husband of one of them, and his widow. The case is found in 
the Calendar of Pleadings in the Chancery Court of the Duchy of 
Lancaster, in the 11th Edward ^T. (lo56-.o7). [Note 7.] The plain- 
tifl's were )iobert Aspeden and his wife, one of the daughters of Nicholas 
Talbot, deceased, and Brydget Talbot, another daughter of Nicholas, 
and the defendants were, Sir Richard Sherburne, Knt., and Aime his 
wife, one of the executors of the said Nicholas Talbot, and afterw-ards 
wife of Richard Sherburne, and John Singleton and George Talbot, 
other executors of the deceased; and the matter was a disputed title 
to goods and chattels of the deceased; and dejjositions were made 
respecting the custom of the County of Lancaster, in regard to the 
distribution of the goods and chattels of a father deceased among his 
children not being his heirs, and notwithstanding his Will. The place 
to which the cause related was situated in \Yilpshire townsWp. George 
Talbot married, at Whalley Church, on the 27th of June, 1569, Anne, 
daughter of Roger Nowell of Mearley, Gent. lie had issue, sous, 
Nicholas, died in infancy, buried at Whalley Church, 15 April, 1571: 
John, born 25 ^March, 1571; Nicholas, died in 1595, buried at Whalley, 
10 April; and Wilham, living in 1002. Also, daughters, Bridget, bap- 
tized at Whalley Church, 2 November, 1575; Mary, baptized 19 ^[arch, 
1577; Dorothy, born in 1579, married, in 1589, at the age of 10, Ralph 
Rishton, gent., of Ponthalgh, and was hving in 1625; and Frances, born 
in June, 1580. [Note 8.] George Talbot, Gent., was an early Governor 
of Blackburn Grammar School, in 1580, and about the same date the 
School Records show tl'at "George Talbot, of the Carre, Gent., of his 
owne gifte (gave to the School) the some of fTortie shiUinges, whereof 
twentie shillinges for the Carr and twentie shilliuges for Wytton". 
This item is proof that the Talbots of Carr then held lands in Witton. 



y/'i 



99 

One would scarcely expect to find tlie epitapli of a member of a 
family of small proprietors like the Talbots under notice, living in n 
secluded corner of Lancasljire as T^lackburn parish was at tliat jteriod, 
on a tombstone in one of the ancient liOndou Churches. Yet from my 
copy of Cansick's Epitaphs of Middlesex I get the following inscrip- 
tion from a monument in Old St. Pancras Church: — 

"fJere lieth the body of William Talbot, of Carr, in the County of 
Lancaster, Gent. V>lio died the second day of May, in the year of our 
Lord 1060, aged GO years". 

This William Talbot Asdio became a citizen of London must have been 
William, youngest sou of George Talbot, of Carr, though I should have 
taken him to be a few years older than GO in IGGO. There may be an 
error in the statement of age on the monument. But that William 
occurs, as a boy in 1602, when his father entered him at I'reston Guild 
Merchant. Having no prospect of inheriting estate, William Talipot 
probably migrated to London to engage in trade. [Note 9.] 

Here I may mcJition tlie fact that the Talbots of Carr were for a time, 
in the first half of the 17th century, "Foreign Burgesses" of the Guild 
Merchant of Preston. The Guild Rolls of 1002 and IG'2'3 contain the 
subjoined names: — 

Guild lioll of IG02 — Foreign Burgesses, 
George Talbot, of Carr (in Wilpsliire), sworn. 
John Talbot, his sou, sworn. 
William Talbot, his (John's) brother. 
George Talbot, son of the above-named John, 
Edward Talbot, his (Jolin's) brother. 

Here are mentioned members of three generations of the family of 
the Talbots of Carr in Blackljurn Parish, living in 1(!02, namel}-, George 
Talbot, head of the family; Ids two sons, John and William; and liis two 
grandsons, George and Edward, sons of John Talbot. The two first- 
named were sworn as out-burgesses of the Guild. The other members, 
being under age in 1C02, were not sworn, but v/ere enrolled as son5 of 
sworn burgesses. 

Guild Roll of 1G22 — Foreign Burgesses. 
George Talbot, of Carr, Gentleman. 
John Talbot, his son. 
Edward Talbot, his (John's) son. 
Thomas Talbot, his (Edward's) brother. 
John Talbot, his (Thomas's) brother. 

"George Talbot, Gent.", was, with Lord Danvers and others, ap- 
pointed by Sir Thomas Walmesley, the celebrated Judge, a trustee of 
bis estates on liis settlement of them in trust in 1C07. He was a Juror 
at Blackburn in August, 1012. After having been inheritor and 
owner of the estate for the remarkable period of over 80 years, George 
Talbot died, at the age of 88 years, in 1029. [xXote 10.] 



<}« 



100 

Jolin Talhot, gent., succeeded him at the age of 58 years. He had 
married Dorothy, daughter of Edward ]3raddyll, Esq., of Portfield in 
WJialley. A curiously detailed persorsal record of these Talbots of 
Carr, near Black])uru, and of the JJraddylis of PortGeld, near AYhalley, 
connected at that period with the Talbots by marriage, has come to 
lightin an unexpected direction. It consists of a private register of 
births, marriages, and deaths, writlru down by a lucraber of tlie '1 albots 
in the calendar of an illuminated Manuscript Breviary of the filleeuth 
century, which lias travelled far from its ancient recci)tacle, and was 
recently in the possession of John Ingilby, Esq., of Austwick, York- 
shire. A transcript of these "Talbot and Braddyll Memoranda", 
communicated by John Foster, Esq., was printed in 187i), in Miscel- 
lanea Gencalogica ei Ileraldica. I think it interesting enough to insert 
here. The entries are a mixture of old-style English and Latin, and 
the dates are not consecutive, but are ranged in the order of the months. 

"1595. Marcins l^Iavch] 11. Anne Tatbotte borne this day in 
ye morninge, 1595, being Tuesday, and dyed when shee was eleven 
wcekes oulde. 

1G13. Marciu.<i 23: Eli: [Elizabeth] Talbott borne this day, beinge 
Wednesday, 1G13, beinge foure in ye morninge. 

1571. Marcius 25. Jo: [John] Talbott, sonne of Go: [George] 
Talbott, borne atow 1571, about 11 of ye clocke at Jiupi, beinge Sonday. 

ICOl. Marcius 2G. Anne Talbott borne, anno 1601, about five of 
ye clcK-ke iri ye njorninge. 

1002. Aprilis 17. Margarett Talbott borne, anno 1602, six of ye 
clocke in yo morni)]ge, being Saturday. 

1597. Mains 2. George Talbott was borne, anjio 1597, hora quasi 
oclaia vcspcre, beinge JNlonday. 

1584. Mains 10. Circa Iioram ante ineredie . . . noia fuit 
Joh'nafdia Joh'i^^ Bradyll an'o d'no, l5Si, ct a'o Eliz. 26, 10 ]Maii. 

1583. Mains 20. Natns erat Edivardus filius Jolris Braddyll, circa 
horam quarto' post meridic , 15S3. 

1603. Mains 24. Tho: [Thonias] Talbott borne, anno 1603, aboute 
foure of ye clocke in ye morninge, being Tuesday. 

1595. Julius 2. Dorothy Bradill married to John Talbott, ann* 
1595. 

1602. Julius 12. This day Mrs. Braddyll was borne, 1602. 

1599. Julius 25. Edwarde Talbott was borne, amio 1599, post 
meridiem hora quasi sccunda, beinge Wednesdaye. 

1610. Julius'io. Frances Talbott ye same day prima ^oramenWiVm, 
anno 1610. 

1606. Augustus 2. Marie Talbott borne, anno 1606 about two of 
ye clocke in the morninge, being Saterday. 

1599. September 17. John Braddill borne, an'o dom' 1599, being 
Monday. 

1612. September 11. Briget Talbott borne, anno 1612 about three 
of ye clocke in ye morninge, being Thursday. 



101 

1572. October 3. Dorothy, daughter of Ed : Bradyll, borne 1572. 

1584. October 6. Anne Braddyll marriage, bcinj^ Monday, a'o 
dom' 15S4. [Ann Braddyll (sister of Dorothy, wife of John Talbot of 
Carr), married Thomas Southworlh, Gent.j 

lf)07. December 13. John Talbott, sonnc of John, was borne, anno 
1G07, about tliree of ye clocke in the morningc in the greate Froste, 
beiuge Sunday". 

Johii Talbot, by Dorothy his wife, liad altogether thirteen children. 
[Note 1].] They were married at ^'^'halley Church, on the 2nd of 
July, 1595. The issue included, sons, George, born 2 May, 1597, died 
young: Edward, born 25 July, 1599; Thomas, born 24 May, 1003; 
Williaai, baptiy.cd 19 May, 1G05; John, born IS Dec, 1607; George, 
baptized 4 Dec., 1608; and daughters, Ann, born 11 March, 1595-6, 
died in infancy; a second Ann, born 20 March, 1601; Margaret, born 
17 April, 1602; Miirie, born 2 August, 1006; Frances, born 25 July, 
1610; Bridget, born 24 Sept., 1612; Elizabeth, born 23 March, 1613-14. 
Mistress Talbot, wife of John Talbot, died in June, 1634, and John 
Talbot himself did not live very long after her. [Note 12.] He had 
been elected a Governor of Blackburn Grammar School in December, 
1028. [Note 13.] 

Edw.ird Talbot, Gent., was the next possessor, and lie was in 
tenure of the estate at the commencement of the great Civil V/ar in 
1042. He married, about 1620-1025, Mabel, daughter of Eawrcnce 
Carletou, Gent. The only issue of whom information is obtainable is 
his two sons, George and Jolui. [Note 14.] His religious attachment 
as a Roman Catholic would impel him to take sides with King Charles 
the First in the conflict with Parliament; and, besides, his neighbour 
and remote kinsman. Sir John Talbot, of Salesbury Hall, who was the 
most energetic and influential partizan of the King in Blackburn 
Parish, doubtless called upon Mr. Edward Talbot to join him, and as he 
was then only forty-two years old, it is likely that he was one of the 
numeroiis body of local Royalists who armed themselves and mustered 
for warfare under Sir Jolm Talbot's command. If so, he shared the 
discomfiture of that Knight, when the "Roundheads" of Blackburn and 
Manchester in force attacked him at Salesbury Hall, drove him out, 
and occupied and plundered that mansion. The misfortunes of the 
war in which he was on the losing side may have shortened Eilward 
Talbot's life if he was not slain or woimded in fight, for it appears that 
he died not later than 1651. The Blackburn Parish Registers for the 
years 1637 to 1651 were destroyed, so the exact date of the deaths of 
parishioners during those years cannot be ascertained. Mr. Edward 
Talbot's wife, who had been a widow some years, died about 1060. 

Edward's younger son occurs as "John Talbot of Wilpshire", and 
he farmed, I conjecture, land in that township in the viciuity of his 
father's and elder brother's property at Carr. He had sons, Richard 
born in 1660, baptized at )51ackburn Church, Nov. 4, 1066; Jolm, born 
in 1668, baptized Nov. 3, died in 1708; Thomas, hving in 1708; and 



rni 



V ■ I;; ' i-A , ,], a! 



1 .• ' 5 . 



102 

Joseph and Benjamin, tAvins, born in 1G77. Joseph died in infancy, 
buried at Blackburn Church, January 18, 1G7S-9. Jolui Talbot, the 
father, died in ICSO, and leavii;;:; no Will, aduiiuistration was granted 
with an inveiitory of goods of John Talbot of Wilpshire, in that year at 
Chester. 

Gkohc.e Talbot entered ui)on possession in succession to his father 
about the year 1651, and he was soon called ujjon by the Government 
of the victorious Parliamenlarian party to pay the penalty of his 
father's and Ids own adherence to the cause of the decapitated King. 
The freehold estate of Carr was placed under sequestration, and, like 
mauj' others, George Talbot was branded as a "delinquent" towards 
the ruling powers. But he was previously unable to pay his debts, and 
two creditors who had obtained a judgment against him at the assizes 
peiiiioned the Commissioners for sequestration of Koyalists' estates to 
liave their debt ijaid out of the rents of the lands then received by the 
Commission. Below is the subslance of the ofScial records relating 
to this application, dated 1653 and 1654: — 
"Claimants on the Estate of George Talbot, of Carr, Co. Lancaster 

19 July, 1653. George Tolnsoii, of Witton, Co. Lancaster, and 
Lcttice lu's wife, beg allowance of a judgment for £103 3 s. obtained at 
Lancaster Assizes, 11 March, 1652, on the lands of James Kyley and 
George Talbot, \vhich are nov/ secured for the alleged delinquency of 
Talbot. Petitioners beg to receive the rents on security. 

19 July. The petition was referred to the County Committee. 

25 April, 1C5 1. The petition was renewed, George Talbot not having 
been adjudged a delinquent. George Talbot was ordered to show 
cause why the petiliou should not be granted. 

20 June, 1654, George and Lettice Toluson beg leave to proceed on 
the extent, and enjoy the lands till paid their debt and damages. 
George Talbot failing to show cause, the Tolnsons were allowed to pro- 
ceed on their extent till satisfied". 

It may be supposed that during the years from 1652 to 1660, George 
Talbot, his rents being thus impounded to defray his debts as well as 
the heavy fines exacted by the authorities, was hard put to it to nuiin- 
taiu his family. He was at the time a young man from about thirty 
to thirty-five years old. He had previously married Anne Ryley, 
daughter, I think, of James Ryley, one of the Eyleys of Church Kirk, 
who is named in the document quoted above, as having had his lands 
seized along with those of George Talbot for the "alleged delinquency" 
of the latter. [Note 15.] 

The children of George Talbot by Anne his wife were, sons, Edward 
and George; and daughters. Mary and Catherine. In 1660, when the 
Stuarts were restored, George Talbot was relieved from the pains and 
penalties to which he had been subjected in preceding years as a "King's 
man", and his estate was restored to him. [Note 16.] But before that 
event he had been necessitated to raise money by a pecuhar legal 
process, and this incumbrance was not got rid of until more than 



itOi 



7 ■..!; \o 



103 

twenty yc-ars afterwards. Here, ai^ain, old legal records disclose cer- 
tain facts concerning the affairs of this local family of small landowners. 
in the Court of Chancery, in Triiu'ty Term, 1C8S, a cause was heard 
of which tliere is an account in Vernon's Eeporls, and in which Georf!,e 
Talhot, of Carr, was plaintiff, and Edward IJraddyll, of PortGcId, was 
defendant. "The plaiutifi', being seised in possession of lauds of £lo 
per annum, and in reversion, after the death of his motlier, of other 
lands of about £l7 per aninim (which estate was subject to incum- 
brances), did by deed and fine in March, 1657, in consideration of 
£3^0, demise Uiose lauds to Mr. Braddyll, the defendant, for 99 years, 
at 5 s. per annum rent, upon condition that if the plaintifl" or his heirs 
should pay the defendant £380, the 2oth of March, which should be 
in the year 16SS, then the corruzees should stand seased to the use of 
the plaintifl: and his heirs; and the plaintiff consented for the defend- 
ant's eujuyment accordingly. And now in 1G82, twenty-five years 
after the couveyance, the plaintiff brings his Bill to be pernn'tted to 
redeem the ])remises, and to have an account of profits from the date 
of the deed, alleging that though the deed was in that form, yet it was, 
nevertheless, agreed between him and the defendant that it should be 
a mortgage, and redeemable at any time upon payment of £320 and 
interest; and though there was no proof of any other agreement than 
the deed, and that there was a bond to perform the covenants of the 
deed, and although it appeared that the estate consisted much in Old 
Buildings and a Mill, and that the defendant had laid out about £lOO 
in repairs, yet iii regard the plaintiff's ^Mother died within three years 
after the deed, whereby the revenue exceeded the interest of the money; 
the Ivord Keeper, notwithst>indiug there was a contingency at the time 
of the deed, thought tliis an unreasonable bargain, and did decree an 
Account of the profits ab ori<jinc, and a redemption on payment of 
what the profits fell short of the £3'20 and interest, and appointed the 
same to be paid at a day certain, and not to expect 'till 1GS8 according 
to the condition of the Deed". 

The disturbed times in which this representative hved, and which 
covered the periods of a long civil war and three revolutions in England, 
and the difiiculties he encountered in his younger days did not prevent 
George Talbot from surviving to an advanced age. [Note 17.] The 
ancient freehold which his ancestors had held should have been in his 
tenure between fifty and sixty years; and he seems to have resided iu 
the house at Carr in Wilpshire, even whilst he did not receive the rents 
of considerable portions of his land. [Xote 18.] His Will, executed 
shortly before his death, is dated December 18th, 70S. In it testator 
is described as "George Talbot, of Carr Hall, Gentleman". He ap- 
points his wife, Anne Talbot, sole exccutj-ix. He mentions his son, 
George Talbot; his daughter, Katherine Eden, and her children, 
Robert and Mary Eden; another married daughter, Mary Osbaldeston, 
and her five children, James, Mary, Dorothy, Margery, and Aime 
Osbaldeston. [Note 10.] Testator also names his nephews, John and 



104 

Thomas Talbot, sons of John. The Will was proved as Chester in 
1709, and some singulrir depositions attached to it suggest that the 
Will had been the cause of quarrel or dill'erence amongst the members of 
the family, and had been wilfully torn by one of the daughters, Katlier- 
ine Kden. Mrs. Anne Talbot, the widow, executed the Will. By 
her the Carr estate was sold, in the year 1709, to the trustees of Bar- 
tholomew Walmesley, Esq., of Dunkeiilialgh, and it has remained from 
then till now a possession of the Walmesleys and their successors the 
Pctres. 'J'he estate is contiguous to the manor estate of the Petres in 
Billington township. Mistress Anne Talbot lived at Carr, however, 
until her death in 171G, for in her Will her description is "Anne Talbot, 
of Carr, in WiJpshire, Widow". 

An old document which I have seen supplies some information as to 
the children and descendants of George Talbot, the last of the family 
who owned Carr freehold. The eldest son, Edward Tall)ot, became a 
monk in one of the orders of the Church of Rome and vv-ent to Italy, 
where he is said to have died. The other son, George Talbot, named by 
liis father in his "Will, afterwards emigrated to New England, and settled 
in America. [Note 20.] Of the daughters, Mary Talbot married 
twice, and had issue mentioned below. The other daughter, Katherine, 
married a son of John Eden, of West Auckland, and had a son, Robert 
Eden, and a daughter, Mary. 

The last descendants of the Tnlbots of Carr who are known, having 
lived in this district, were the children and grandchildren of George 
Talbot's eldest daugliter, Mary. [Note 91.] She was born about the 
year 1058. She married, first, James Parkinson, of Stander Bar, and 
had to luin a son, James Parkinson, who died at the age of 20, and 
daughters, Mary, Dorothy (died young), INlargery, and Anne. After 
becoming a widow, the mother married Robert Osbaldeston. This 
marriage took jilace at Blackburn Parish Church: — "170.5. August 3rd. 
Robert Osbaldeston, of Osbaldeston, yeoman, and Mary Parkinson, 
of Wilpshire, widow". By this njarriage two children apr)ear — George 
Osbaldeston, who died at the age of 19 years; and "Ajme daughter of 
Robert Osbaldeston, of Wilpshire, yeoman", baptized at Blackburn 
Church, August 11, 170G. The daughter, Anne Ost>aldeston, became 
the wife of Robert Bennett, of Ribehester. The mother v.'as the latest 
smvivor by many years of the children of George Talbot, of Carr. She 
died in 17G3, a centenarian, aged 105 years. 

Her daughter, Mary Parkinson, married, in 1714, Thomas Darwen, 
of Ribehester, yeoman (a brother of Henry Darwen, of Balderstone, yeo- 
man). Issue, Henry Darwen, who was a Roman Catholic, and v/as 
sometime a tenant of Carr Hall; he removed to Langley, in Essex; 
John Darwen, of Ribehester, died in 1792; Margaret Darwen, married 
l^awrence Peel; Juliana, married, in 1740, Mr. Charles Baron, and 
bad a son Charles: and, secondly, married Dr. William Ritchie, of 
Aberdeen; and Dorothy Darwen, married, in 1762, Mr. Daniel Robin- 
son, of Manchester, and had numerous issue. 



UA 



105 



NOTES ON THE FOREGOING ARTICLE 
By J. Gardner Bartlett 

Note 1. Tlie eugraving mentioned in the text lias been slightly 
enlarged to make the photogravure opposite this p;ige, showing the 
appearance of tlie building at the time of Mr. Abram's article in 1893 
and since then. 

Note 3. The front is slightly altered from its original appearance in 
1580, in that after 17) two of the five sections of the first story window 
in the left wing were blocked up, and a new two section window was 
cut through higher up in the front of this wing. (See ante, p. 31.) 

Note 3. The Talbots of Carr derived from the Talbots of Bashall 
through a branch at Slaidburn and not tluxnigh the branch at Salcsbury, 
securing Carr Hall and property in Tadcaster by marriage about 1110 
with a Cunliffe heiress. (See a?itc, pp. 11-13.) 

Note 4. Nicholas Talbot married first Anne or Agnes, not EUzabcth, 
Shuttleworth. (See ayite, pp. 18 and 26.) 

Note 5. Margaret was the only child of Nicholas Talbot by his 
first wife Anne or Agues Shuttleworth; Bridget and George were by his 
second wife Anne Brov, u. (See ante, p. 23.) 

Note C. The age given in the original document is one year and 
eleven months, 7iot five years and eleven months as here printed. (See 
C7tte, p. 23.) 

Note 7. This suit took place in 3 Edward VI. (1,549) and not in 11 
Edward VI. (See onfc, pp. 2'l-25.) 

Note 8. He also had tlu-ee other children not named in the text, 
viz., Thomas, bapt. 20 Jan. 1572/8, Ehzabeth, bapt. 28 May 1574, 
and Catherine. He also had a second wife Anne Holdcn, to whom he 
was married 3 Aug. 1587. (See ante, pp. 33-34.) 

Note 9. This AYilham Talbot was not engaged in trade, but was a 
Catholic priest. (See ante, p. 35.) 

Note 10. George Talbot was born about Oct. 1545 and was buried 
4 June 1C28, aged nearly eighty three years, not eighty-nine. (See 
ante, pp. 23 and 31.) 

Note 11. John Talbot had only eleven children. William, bap- 
tized 19 May 1C05, and George, baptized 4 Dec. KiOS, named in the 
text and recorded at Blackburn, do not belong in tlus family; the former 
CVVilliam) was son of another John Talbot; while the latter (George) 
was son of a Thomas Talbot and was buried at Blackburn 3 Feb. 
1G36/7. 

Note 12. She was buried at Blackburn 27 June 1634. (See ante, 
p. 38.) 

Note 13. He was living in 1642 and probably died during the Civil 
War. (See ante, p. 37.) 

Note 14. He also had a daughter Dorothy, born about 1628, who 
nmrried first, 3 June 1654, Ellis Duckworth and secondly in 1671, 
Richard Parker. (See ante, pp. 44, 45, and 61.) 



",f' f 






( : •■<: I ft 



( It:' I 



]06 

Note 15. This marruige to Anne I^ylcy took place before August 
1051; she was buried at Whalley 20 Aug. 36GO. George Talbot later 

married a second ^-ife Amie , wlio survived him. (See ante, 

pp. 48 and 75.) 

Note 16. Although nominally it may be true that Talbot's estate 
was lestored to him on the return of the monarchy in lllGO, yet 'prac- 
ticalhj he was out of possession from 1657 to 1C85, as he deeded his 
whole estate to Edward Braddyll in 1G57 and did not get it back until 
1G85 by means of a chancery suit. (Sec ante, p. 40.) 

Note 17. He was born in lG-24 and died in 1709, aged about eighty- 
five years. (See ante, pp. 45 and 71.) 

Note 18. He did not reside at Carr Hall after his mother's death 
in 1000 until 10S5 when he recovered the property by law suit; but he 
thereafter lived there until his deatli m 1709. (See aiite, p. 4C.) 

Note 19. Four of these children were by her first husband James 
Parkinson; only Anne was by her second husband Robert Osbaldeston. 
(See anh, pp. 77-78.) 

Note 20. Of course this word "afterwards" was not in the "old 
document" 'Mr. Abram is here quoting. It is perfectly certain that he 
never saw the whole will of George Talbot, but had only a brief abstract 
of it, giving merely the names of the persons in it; he thus v.-as unaware 
of the peculiar way the son George was referred to in the will which 
proves he had gone from home long before the date of the will. ^Ir. 
Abram was accustomed to send to a correspondent in Chester for brief 
abstracts of batches of wills there of families which he v/as compiling, 
as appears from his papers shown by his son to the writer. (See aiite, 
pp. 60, 78-79.) 

A brief pedigree of the Talbots of Carr (as ancestors of the Darwens 
of Ribche^ter, Co. Lancaster), appears on pages 251-2 of the "History 
of the Parish of Ribchester." published in 1890 by Tom C. Smith, Esq., 
tlien of Longridge near Blackburn. Alter tracing down the line from 
Stephen Talbot of Carr, this pedigree gives the following account of 
the last George Talbot of Carr and his descendants: 

"George Talbot, of Carr, gent., married Ann, daughter of 

Riley, of Church, and bad sons. Edward, died in Italy; and George, 
a dodoT in New England; and daughters, Mary; and Katherine, married 
John Eden, of West Auckland. He died about 1708. Mary Talbot 
married, firstly, John Parkinson of Standerbar, and had issue, James, 
Mary, Dorothy, and ?^iarjurie. Secondly, she married Robert Osbal- 
deston. Mary Parldnson, granddaughter of George Talbot, married 
in 1714 Thomas Darwcn, of Ribchester." Etc. 

"When working on the Talbot pedigree in England in 1905, the 
writer called upon and conferred with Mr. Smith, who was then living 
at Harrogate in Yorkshire. Mr. Smith stated that all the information 
he ever had of the Tall)ots of Carr was given to iiim by Mr. Abram; 
and he .showed the writer the manuscript notes of his Talbot pedigree 
which merely state that George Talbot Jun., "deceased" in New 



<)0i 



..'i' :I J) I 



England; the notes have nothing of liis bciiiK "a doctor" lliere. Mr. 
Smith stated the printed words "a, doctor" were evidently tv-pograjihi- 
cal errors for the v.-ord "de^eas'^d," an errt>r he overlooked in proof- 
reading while under severe illness. 

Note 21. ^lary Talbot was the ycrmger of tlie two daughters of 
George Talbot, not Ibe elder. (See ante, pp. 76-77.) 



i^~ . 



INDEX OF PERSONS 



Abram 
G. P. 95 

Mr . , = Wi lliam A lex- 

andcr SI 74-78 80 92 

94 96 105 lOG 

William Alexander 73 

95 

AiNswoiixn 

Elizabeth 89 

Lawrence 89 

Allen 

George 84 

Mary 84 

AsHTOK or Asheton 

Mr. 95 

Anne 38 39 SO 

Isabella 89 

Lucy 89 

Ralph 27 89 

Richard 89 

ASPDEX or ASPEDEN 

Margaret 19-20 

23-27 30 

Richard 19 23 

Robert 19 20 23-25 

98 

Atherton 

John 91 

Mary 91 

Atkinson 

Anne 50 

Thomas 50 

Aylett 

93 

Bailey or Bayly 
EHzabeth 33 
John 33 



Baine 

9 

Baker 

Capt. 67 

Baliol 

Edward 86 

Bannister 

Anne 90 

Isabel 90 

Richard 90 

Yvilfrcd 90 

Barker 

John 36 41 

Bauix>w 

Alexander 91 

Frances 91 

Margaret 91 

Peter 91 

Baron 

Charles 74 77 104 

Julian or Juliana 74 

77 104 

Barrell 

Anna 84 

Bartlett 

J. Gardner 96 105 

Bassett 

Alina 85 

Allan 85 

Bastian 

William 75 

Beauciiamp de 

Sarah 86 

William 86 

Bell.\ir 

Elizabeth 10 

James 10 



Bennett 
Anne 74 78 104 
Robert 74 78 lO.i 
William 78 
Bereville de 
Matilda 8 
Robert 8 

BlEBY 

Mr. 96 

BlACK PjilNCE 

Edward 10 86 

BLAMlTt 
14 

Blore 

Catherine 76 
George 68 76 
John 75 76 78 
Bloxtn't 
Father 33 
Bodge 



BoHtTN DE 

Eleanor 86 
Elizabeth 86 
Ilumphrcy 86 
Bolton 
Adam 93 

BOTELER 

Anne 86 
William 86 

BOUCHIER 

Richard 72 
Bradhull de or 
Braddyll 
Alice 38 
Anne 38 39 101 
Bernard 39 
Cuthbert 39 



/< 



110 



Bradiiull de or 
Beaddtll, (C07lt.) 
Dorothy 17 19 27 
S7-i0 83 100 101 
Edward 17 19 27 
3G-30 il 44 40-49 
52-56 58-60 62-64 100 
101 103 106 
Elizabeth 39 
Ellen S9 
Emote 39 
Geoffrey S8 
Gilbert 39 
Henry 38 
Jane 39 
Jennet t 39 
Johanna 100 
John 38 39 100 
Katheriue 39 48 56 
62 

Lettice 39 46 51 
Margaret 38 39 63 
Margery 39 
Ralph 39 
Richard 39 
Robert 38 
Roger 33 
Stephen 39 
Thomas 38 39 53 55 
57 58 67 68 
Walter 38 
William 39 
Brierly 
Wihiam 57 
Brockhou:s de or 
Brockhole 
John 10 
Thomas 68 
Brougham de or 
Brough.\:vi 
Dorothy 42 
Gilbert 43 
Henry 42 
Isabel 43 
BuowN or Browne 
Anne 17 IS 23 98 105 
Evan or Ewau 17 18 
23 25 98 



Buck 
INlargarct 84 

BULMEU 

Stephen 85 

BUT?GU 

Thomas 7 
Buiiioc 

[ =John 

Bernard] 2 3 4 87 

BUTI^R 

Eleanor 86 
James 80 
Petronilla 8C 

BVKON 

Jolm 10 
Margery 10 

Caksick 

35, 99 

Capen 
Jerusha 84 
Jonathan 84 
Carleton de or 
Cakleton 
Adam 42 
Agnes 43 
Alice 43 
Ambrose 41 43 
Andrew 41 43 50 
Anne 43 
Baldwin 42 
Barbara 43 
Dorothy 42 
Eleanor 43 
Geoffrey 42 
George 43 
Gerard 43 
Gilbert 42 
Guy 43 44 
Helen 42 
Henry 42 
Isabel 43 
Jane 42 
John 42 43 
Launcelot 18 19 41 
43 44 
Laurence 17 18 



Lawrence 101 
Mabel 17 18 89 
4M5 101 
Mabilla 19 
Margaret 43 
Nichola 43 
Oduard 42 
Percival A. 42 
Peter 43 
Roger 43 44 
Sarah 42 
Thomas 42-44 
William 42-44 

C^UtDlSLE 

Mabel 43 
Charles I. 
19 32 35 40 41 44 45 
48 58 63 101 
Ch.vi^les n. 
44 40 48 56 58 63 92 
Charxock 
Eleanor 34 
Ci^iiiKE or Clark 
Amie 45 
Hannah 83 
Lambert 45 
Margery 83 
\^'il!iam 83 
Clayton 
Jeunett 44 94 
John 94 
Margaret 92 
Thomas 92 
William 25 72 

CLEVEL.\Xn 

Duchess of 1 2 
Clttheroe or 
Cliderou de 
Isabel 22 
Isabella 88 
Richard 88 
CocKA-i-NE 
G. E. 87 

CoCKROlbT or 

CAwcRorr 

Thomas 36 40 52 57 

63 

WiUiam 57 63 



0[[ 






'(r.-/ 



Ill 



Cole 


Derby 




Edward HI. 


Elizabeth 45 


Earl of 41 40 49-51 9-11 10 


COMIN 


53 Gl 




Edwako IV. 


Elizabeth 80 


CoilTE p'Eu 




10 18 19 89 


Jolin 80 


Gilbert 1 




Edward VL 


Cooke 


Robert 1 




17 22 24 98 105 


Joanna 21 


DiNKLEY DE 




Elizabeth 


COTTRELL 


Ahce 38 




27-30 97 


Judge 07 


DoiiSON 




Elliot 


Ceaven 


Richard 08 




Nichola 43 


Richard 51 


Duckworth 




Ellis 


Cromdock 


Alice 93 




• 07 


Jennett 39 


Anne 44 45 




Henry 2 


John 30 40 47 48 


Dorothy 44 45 105 


Ellison 


Cro_mwel.i. 


Ellis 44 45 105 




John 94 


OUver 53 
Cross 
John 94 


Jaite 44 45 
Katherinc 44 45 

DUGDALE 




Mary 94 
Evtdrerd 


Mary 94 


[ -WJUiam] 


2 


Robert 20 


CUXDECLY\'E VB OV 


17-19 42 




Ferrers de 


CxJNLirFE 


DUTTON 




Adam 13 


Anna 12 13 




Ermintrude 6 


Ahce 13 


Giles 12 




Robert 6 


Ellen 12-15 20 


Hugh 9 




AYalcliehne 6 


Margaret 13 


Joaue 9 




FUOLDIKG 


Robert 13 59-01 


DUXBURY 




Oliver G8 


Roger 12 13 


Aime 44 45 




Robert 62 


Cutting 


Thomas 44 45 




FlTZWlLLIAM 


Dorothy 83 






42 


James 83 


Earle 




FlJi-lTEL 




Erasmus 55 




Basil ia 3 


Danvers 


Eden 




Crerard 3 


Lord 99 


Barbara 70 




Foley 


DARVVEI«f 


Catherine or Kathti 


irint 


. 33-35 


Aune 77 


69-73 74 70 80 81 


103 


I Forest 


Dorothy 74 77 104 
Uenry 74 77 104 


104 100 
Jane 75 70 




Robert 25 
Foster 

10 

Jennett 39 
John 100 


John 74 77 104 
Julian or Juliana 74 


John 74 70 104 100 
Mary 70 74 70 103 
104 


77 104 


Robert 70 74 70 


103 


; FOXCROFT 


Margaret 74 77 104 


104 




Francis 81 


Mary 74 77 104 100 


EdMUND30N 




Frizell 


Thomas 74 77 104 


Richard 64 




Ilamiah 83 


106 


Edwahd I. 




AYilliam 83 


Dawbuky 


8 9 






Ahce 43 


Edward II. 




G.vsKYLL or GasgilIi 


George 43 


9 




Julyau 32 






if 



■.'.on 



112 



Gat 

David 8-i 
Hannali 84 
Gehrard 
Mr. 75 
Get 

Stephen 67 
Gjtfard 
\Valter 2 
Gold 

Fraucis 83 
]\Iury 80 83 
Rose 83 

GOURNAT DE 

Basilia 3 
Gerard 3 
Hugh 3 85 
Greenfield 
Lett ice -16 48 
Thomas SO 40 
47 51 
Gkefftk 
Da\dd 14 
Jane 14 
Gregson 
Mattliew 70 

GRIFFIXn AP 

Gweadoliau 8G 
Rhys 80 
Grimshav/ 
R. 07 

IlAMEIiTON DE 

AJice 13 
Stepheu 13 
IIargreaves 
Jane 57 

UARRrN'GTON 

Margery 39 
Wilham 39 
Hatch 
Alfce 57 64 
Havison 
William 20 
Haviifhst sec H 
Hexut I. 
3 85 



Henrt U. 

4 5 85 
Henry HI. 
6-8 80 
Hen-rt IY. 
11 

HENin- V. 
3 11 
Hexrt YI. 

5 11-13 16 21 87 89 
Henry \U. 

17 20 97 

Hen-ey vm. 

21 22 26 

Hesketh 

Edward C2 

Hetdock 

Lawrence 25 
';i Hickman 

41 40 ^Yilliam 7 

HlNDLE or Ifc^DLEY 

Charlton 93 

Cluistopher 93 

George 52 61 

John 25 26 

Ho.vr 

Daniel 81 83 

HODGKINSON 

Margery 70 
William 70 78 

HOLDEN 

Andrew 57 

Anne 33 34 68 105 

James 68 

John 68 

Thomas 36 41 

Holland 

Joane 9 

Robert 9 

Holme 

John 19 

Randle 18-20 23 32 

40 41 45 

HOPTON 

Elizabeth 13 
rasT Robert 13 

HOPWOOD 

Anne 89 



Edmund 89 

HORNE 

14 

HoTnERSALL 

Anne 90 
John 90 

HOXIGITTON or DE 
HOGHTON 

Adam 37 
Elizabeth 93 
Henry 11 12 
Richard 93 

HULTON 

John 72 

HCTME 

• 3 4 

Hurst or Hayhuest 
Edward 61 
Ricliard 36 41 52 5i 
5G 60-62 

lNGn>BY 

John 37 100 

J^V^MES I. 

32 91 97 
John 
5 6 8 

Kenton 
Lord 36 67 
Roger 36 40 
King 
Jolm 26 

KlRKBY 

Eleanor 43 
Roger 43 

luKCr DE 

Edmund S 
GUbert 3 4 
Henry 4 
Hugh 6 
Joliu 7 

I^N CASTER DE 

Jane 42 
Roger 42 



8n 






r,ft ?. I 






f •, !(■ 



113 



I>AWE 


INIlDDLETON 


Gilbert 39 47 48 52 


Edmund 32 


55-58 


MlTTON 


Katherine 39 56-58 


John 49 


6(M)2 UouusKVX 
ThoiDas 36 39 56 57 l^,j.j q.j 


Lawson 
Isabella 94 
Lavtox 
Anne 43 
Thomas 43 
Leigh de 
Gilbert 9 


IMOXTAGUE DE 

Alina 85 
Dreux 85 
Moore 
]Mary 90 
Mosley 


Lever de 
Adam 13 


Mr. 96 

MOSTON DE 


^largaiet 13 


John 43 


LeVESEY or LlVESEY 


Margaret 43 


Alice 89 


Mowbray de 


Anne 14 


Koger 4 


Edmund 14 




Giles 14 21 80 


Nevile 


James 13 


IMaud 87 


Jolui 14 


Thomas 87 


Nicholas 14 


Newton 


William 13 


Adam 42 


L0NSDAI.E or LoYKS- 


Sarah 42 


dale 


NOBLET 


John 41 50 


Eoger 68 


Margaret 50 


NOWELL or NOELL 


Thomas 49 50 62 


Adam 32 


LOWTHER 


Alexander 33 


Barbara 43 


Anne 17 19 27 32 3; 


Hugh 43 


94 98 


LimT 


Catherine 33 


John 67 


Christopher 32 33 


Lyster 


Elizabeth 32 33 92 


Heleue 32 


Grace 33 




Heleue 32 33 


Mages 


Henry 32 


Edward 32 


Jane 33 


Maid of Orleans 


John 33 92 


87 


Jul van 32 


Matilda 


Leonard 94 


3 4 


Marv 33 


Mercer 


Koger 17 19 32 33 


Alexander 44 45 


53 98 


Katherine 44 45 


William 32 



Orj.ierod 
9 

OSUALUEBTON 

^Vlexander 90 92 
Alice 90 

Anne 70 74 75 78 92 
103 104 106 
Dorothy 103 
George 74 75 78 104 
James 103 
Jolm 36 40 47-49 
Margery 103 
Mary 70 73-75 77 
79 103 104 106 
Robert 74 76 78 104 
100 

Paris 

Matthew 4 
Parker 

Alexander 45 70 
Dorothy 41 44 61 
Jolm 45 55 70 75 
Richard 44 61 105 
Parkinson 
Anne 92 104 
Dorothy 70 74 77 104 
106 

James 05-<>7 70 74 
70-78 104 106 
John 100 

Margei-y 70 74-76 78 
'104 100 

Mary 70 73-77 79 
104 106 
Robert 92 
Pas LOWE 
Elizabeth 32 33 
Thomas 33 
Peele 

Laurence 74 77 104 
JNIargaret 74 77 104 
Rob(Tt 77 
William 77 
Petke 

Catherine 73 
George Ernest Augus- 
tus Henry 73 






lv..:(fir) 



114 



Petre {C07lt.) 


RlSHTON or DE 




ISIargarcL 40 


George William 73 


RiSHTON 




Ricjiard 23-25 37 40 


Robeil 73 


/mne 34 89 




98 


Robert Edv.ard 73 


Catherine 34 




SnOKROCK 


Robert James 73 


Dorothy 34 98 




William 25 


Philip 


Edward 34 3G 


41 51 Suuttlewortu. 


King 82 


52 




Agnes 18 23 26 105 


PiGOTT 


Eleanor 34 




Anne 105 


George 91 9-2 


Elizabeth 57 




JJurton 56 62 64 


PiNCEIlXI 


Frances 84 




Ehzabeth 23 97 105 


Ilugli 6 


James 34 




Lawrence 18 23 20 


JV^-TAGEXET 


John 34 57 




97 


Elizabeth 8G 


Margaret 34 




Stngleton 


Geoffrey 3 


Ralph 34 98 




Alan 89 


Heiiry 4 


Richard 89 




Ellen 89 


PoLL.\RD 


Robert 10 




John 24 25 89 91 98 


Emote 39 


Roger 34 




Margery 89 


William 39 


William 34 




J^Iary "91 


Pond 


Ritchie or Riceey 


Slater 


Thankfull 84 


Julian or Jidiana 


74 


Edward 62 


Putter 


77 104 




Sunger 


Eleazer 83 


William 74 77 


104 


Tempest 53 


Eli;5abeth S3 84 


Robinson 




Smith 


Pye 


Daniel 74 77 104 


Experience 84 


George 77 


Dorothy 74 77 


• 104 


Joseph 84 


William 77 


ROUSAU 




Tom C, or Mr. 




Elizabeth 84 




106-107 


Radcuiee 


Samuel 84 




Smollett 


Joane 9 


Rtley 




3 


Johamia 89 


Anne 39 74-7C 


78 102 Snawesell 


Jolm 9 89 


IOC 




William 19 


Richard 25 


James 47-49 51 52 


SoLTUWORTH 


Remington 


75 102 106 




Aime 91 101 


Robert 32 


Robert 75 




Elizabeth 92 


RlCfiL^RD I. 






J Dim 91 


5 85 


Salisbury 




Mary 91 


Richard II. 


Marquis of 30 




Thomas 92 101 


11 


Sharlock 




Sparks 


Richard III. 


John 83 




Henry 83 


89 

RiGGENHALL DE 

Matilda 11 
Peter 11 


Sharples 




Stainton DE 


James C3 




Geoffrey 42 


Jolm 52 




Helen 42 


Robert 19 




Staek 


Sheruurne 




4 7 


RiGMADEN 


Anne 23 24 25 


37 


Starkey 


Anabella 11 


90 98 




Ellen 39 


Avelina 11 


Hugh 37 90 




Stephen 


Peter 11 


John 70 71 




3 4 



1.1 ■■: ; . ,.„n 



..><}' 



115 



Sthange I.E 
Aivkaret 87 
John 87 
Stratton 
Fvichard 81 83 
Stuteyiltj: db 
Joanna 6 7 
Robert 6 7 

SUDEI.L 

Alice 91 
John 6i 94 
Mary 44 9-i 
Symonstoxe pe 
Margaret 38 

Talbot Talbott 
Talbut Talebot 
Taui-bert Tavvlbut 
Agnes 4 IS 23 36 105 
Alexander 88 91 
Alice 6 89 90 93 94 
Alina 8.5 
Anabillu 11 
AnJraret 87 
Anna 12 13 
Anne 13 17-19 23-25 
27 31-34 37 39 40 50 
53-55 69-78 80 89 90 
92 94 98 100-102 
104-100 
Avclina 11 
Beatrice 90 
Benjamin 102 
Bridget 23 24 33 37 
40 98 100101 105 
Catherine or Katharine 
34 C5 71 74 70 ' 
102-106 

Christopher 88 
Daniel 84 

Dorothy 17 19 27 34 
37-41 44 SO 83 83 92 
98 100 101 105 
Ebcnezer 84 
Edmund 8-14 IC 88 
97 



Edward 17 19 29 SO 
37 39-48 57 63 74-76 
80 83 99-102 104 100 
Elizabeth 10 13 S3 
37 40 84 80 89 90 92- 
9i 97 93 100 101 105 
Ellen 11-14 20 89 
Erniintrnde 6 
Eui)hcmia 7 
Experience 81 
Eranees 34 37 40 91 
98 100 101 
GeofTrey 2-5 
George"^ 14-21 23-34 
80 37 39-41 44-58 
61-84 90 91 93-95 97- 
102 104-107 
Gerard 6 7 11 
Gilbert 14 85-87 
Giles 8 11-14 10 21 
Hannah 81 83 84 
Henry 11 

Hugh 1 3 85 88 89 
Isabel 90 

Isabella 21 88 89 04 
Jane 14 90 
Jennett 13 14 44 94 
Jcrusha 84 
Joaiie 9 
Joanna 21 89 
John 5-7 9-11 13 14 
10 17 19 22 27 29 30 
33 35-37 39--^. 44-48 
53 63 70 87-94 98-105 
Joseph 102 
Katharine; see 
Catherine 
Eawrence 88 
Le Sire 1 2 85 
Lucy 89 

Mabel 17 36 39-45 
48 50 52 55 56 59-62 
04 10] 
Mabilla 19 
Margaret 13 14 19 
20 23 24 37 40 89-92 
98 100 101 105 



Margery 10 88 89 

Martha 8 

Mary 10 33 37 40 44 

05-t^.7 71 73-70 79 80 

83 84 90-94 98 100- 

104 100 107 

Matilda 8 11 

Maud 87 

l\Iiehaei 90 

Myles 89 

Newton 79 

Nicholas 13 14 17 18 

21-20 33 35 37 00 97 

98 105 

Peter 11-14 16 90 21 

20 79-84 

Eetronilla 86 

Ralph 89 

Richard 2 3 7 10- 

12 14-10 18 20 £1 33 

85-90 93 94 101 

Robert 5-8 21 30 90 

01 93 94 

Roger 5 89 

Sanmel 94 

Sarah 8i 80 

Simon 5 

Stephen 16-21 73 97 

106 

Sybil 7 

Sylvester 5 6 

Thomas 7-11 10 21 

29 33 34 37 40 44 70 

89-94 99-101 104 105 

William 1 4-6 11 13 

14 18 20 29 34 35 88 

89 91 97-99 101 105 

Tatw>r 

Anne 64 

George 04 

Theo[)ilus 70 71 

Tempest 

Mary 10 

Richard 10 

TiTTEHINGTON 

Edward 63 



I'- ''I 



■,.:.:,;■"{ 



116 



Todd 
Mr. 45 

TOLNSOX or TOWLNSON 

George 47-49 51 52 
50 00 6^2 102 
Lettiee 48 51 103 

ToA\TvELEY 

Chrlstoplier 3 8 94 
Isabella 89 
Richard 89 

TUKELL 

Anna 84 
Dauiel 84 
MiiTV 84 

TUENER 

John 32 

TWEXGE DE 

Thomas 11 

Valence de 
William 7 

VlTAIJS 

Ordciicus 3 
VosE 
Thomas 84 

Waddixgtox 
Richard 53 55 
Wadell 
John 83 
Mary 83 
Walkden 
Thomas 50 
Wai-l 
William 51 



Walmesley 
Bartholomew 31 73 
104 

Calhoriiie 73 
Elizabeth 91 92 
Richard 75 92 
Thomas 28 99 
"VVakd 
Henry 92 
Richard 25 
Waking 
Jane 76 
Leonard 62 
Richard 70 
Warken 

88 

Dorothy 92 
Edward 92 
John 65 
Wilham 5 
West 

George 68 
Westby 
Margaret 92 
Thomas 92 

WiLVLLEY 

Edward 25 
Whitchurch 
James 45 
White 

Benjamin 84 
Sarah 84 
WinTTiNGnA:M 
Alexander 32 
Thomas 32 



WlBERGH 

Agnes 43 
Thomas 43 

Wn.FORD 

Dorothy 92 
James 92 

WiLJCINSON 

Thomas 64 

WiLLI.VM THE 
CONQUKKOK 

1 85 87 

WiNCKLEY 

Thomas 36 41 

WlTHINGTON 

Elizabeth 84 
l^hiiip 84 
ThankfiiU 84 

WORSLEY 

Elizabeth 23 

WORTHINGTON 
23 

Richard 68 
\^'yxe 

Elizabeth 90 
Humphrey 90 

Yate 

Tristram 26 
York 

Richard, Diike of 
12 16 






A .,1- 



4 ^ o 1