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Lnglish Ancestry 


Royal Descent 






Beverly. Mass. 


South Weymouth, Mass. 



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Tire First ^^ostau Taiuii Hnuse 

Built in 1657 by Thomas Joy. 





I^N the year 1068, Edgar Atheling, with his 

'^M mother Asjatha, and sisters Margaret and 
Sj Christina, took shipping, intending to seek 

"^1* refuge in Hungary with their royal kindred ; 
but by stress of weather the vessel in which 
they with many other English exiles were embarked, 
was driven into the Firth of Forth. Edgar, Mar- 
garet and Christina were the children of Edward 
AtheUng, (surnamed the Outlaw,) by Agatha, his 
wife, who was the daughter of Henry II of Ger- 
many, and grandchildren of Edmund Ironside, who 
was orreat orrandson to kinsj Alfred the Great, 

Malcolm Canmore, the young unmarried king of 
Scotland, happened to be present when the royal 
fugitives landed, and was so struck with the beauty 
of Lady Margaret Atheling that he asked her in 
marriage of her brother Edgar. The place where 
Lady Margaret first set her foot in Scotland has 
been known ever since as the Queen's Ferry. 

After their marriage. Lady Margaret became the 
domestic legislator of the realm, and being of a 
pure mind herself, she dismissed immoral persons 
from the court and allowed no person to hold office 
in the royal household unless they conducted in a 





sober and discreet manner. She also instituted the 
custom of remaining seated at the table until the 
meal was brought to a proper conclusion. This 
custom was adopted by the nobility and from them 
spread to all classes. She died in 1093, holding in 
her hands "that celebrated black cross" which she 
had brought with her from England. 

The English viewed the possession of this jewel 
by the royal family of Scotland with great dis- 
pleasure. It was enclosed in a black case, whence 
its name. The cross itself was of pure gold and set 
with large diamonds. The figure of the Saviour 
was exquisitely carved in ivory. After the death 
of Margaret it was deposited on the high altar of 
Dumferline. When Edward I kept court there he 
seized on this cross as one of the English crown 
jewels and carried it into England. It was after- 
ward surrendered to Robert Bruce by Isabella in 
1327, to the extreme disgust of the English, who 
rated this act more exasperating than any of her 
multitudinous misdeeds. 

Matilda, daughter of the King of Scotland and 
Margaret Atheling, born in 1080, married Henry I 
(Beauclerc) fourth son of William the Conqueror 

and Matilda of Flanders, on the eleventh day of 
November, 1100, and was crowned Queen of Eng- 
land the same day. 

Henry was indebted to the glancing aside of 
Wat Tyrel's arrow for his crown. Queen Matilda 
died the first of May, 1118, passionately lamented 
by all classes. Through her influence Henry 
restored the decrees of Alfred the Great, which 
became the model of the Magna Charta of England. 
Their daughter — eldest child — Matilda, born 1104, 
married Henry V, Emperor of Germany, at the age 
of twelve years, he being forty years her senior. He 
died in 1125. By the death of her brothers — 
drowned in the "White ship" — the Empress became 
heir to the throne of England, and her father caused 
her to return to England. Soon after her arrival 
parliament proclaimed her the heir to the throne, the 
first instance since the Heptarchy of a female 
attaining that important position in regard to the 
succession of the English crown. The nobles and 
prelates of Norman aristocracy swore fealty to the 
high and mighty Lady Matilda as their future 


She married, second, Geoffry Plantagenet, eldest 

son of Fulk, earl of Anjou. Fulk being called to 
the throne of Jerusalem by the death of his father- 
in-law, Baldwin II, resigned his patrimonial alliances 
to Geoff ry, his heir, who was a favorite companion 
of Henry I. He was a man of fine person, elegant 
manners and great bravery, more than all, a man 
of great learning. The marriage was solemnized 
at Rouen, Normandy, on the 26th of August, 1127. 
Henry II, their son, was born at Normandy, 1132, 
and was styled by the Normans Fitz-Empress ; but 
his grandfather, for whom he was named, proudly 
styled the boy Fitz-Conqueror in token of his descent 
from the mightiest monarch of the line of RoUo ; 
and in 1133 King Henry summoned a parliament to 
cause this child to be included in the oath of fealty, 
beins: the third time the succession was secured to 

Henry I, died at the Castle of Lyons, near Rouen, 
December the first, 1135, and was buried Christmas 
day at the Abbey of Reading. He was familiarly 
known as the "Lion of Justice." Matilda, mother 
of Henry II, died September 10, 1167. 

Geoffry Plantagenet died about 1152. Henry 
Plantagenet married Eleanora,duchess of Aquitainc, 

daughter of William, Count de Poitou, May-day, 
1152. They were crowned 19th December, 1154. 
The English chose to regard Henry II solely as the 
descendant of their ancient Saxon line. "Thou 
art son," said they, "to the most glorious Empress 
Matilda, whose mother was Matilda Atheling, 
daughter to Margaret, saint and queen, whose 
father was Edward, son to King Edmund Ironside, 
who was great grandson to King Alfred." 

Henry died 6th July, 1189. Eleanora died 1204. 
She declared herself to be Eleanora, by the lurath 
of God, queen of England. 

John, son of Henry II and Eleanora, born 1166, 
succeeded to the throne on the death of his brother, 
Richard, CQ3ur de Lion, 1199 ; married Isabella of 
Angouleme, only child of Americus, Count of 
Angouleme, surnamed Taillefer, August, 1200. 
King John died 1216. One of the monks present 
at his death remarked that "Hell felt itself defiled 
by the presence of John;" this may define his 
character, but he was splendidly endowed with 
literary ability, as all his ancestors were before him. 
Isabella died in 1246. Their son, Henry III, born 
in 1206 succeeded his father upon the throne at the 

family by his granddaughter, the Lady Margaret 
Mowbray, marr^dng Sir Robert Howard. The 
Howards, through this Queen unite the blood of 
St. Louis with that of the mightiest Plantagenet 

Marguerite, daughter of Thomas Plantagenet, 
married Thomas Mowbray. She was created 
duchess of Norfolk, and was granted her father's 
office of earl marshal after his death. Thomas, her 
son, was invested with the office by her. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of the famous Richard Fitzalan, 
earl of Arundel ; their daughter, Lady Marguerite 
Mowbray, married Sir Robert Howard, and brought 
with her, as heir, all the honors and desmenses of 
all those noble houses of Albinis, the Warrens and 
Bigods, thus blending in posterity of Henry I and 
his two Queens, Matilda the Good, and Adelicia 
the Fair, and through them to Charlemagne, which 
went to her son, Sir John Howard, slain at Bos- 
worth, first duke of Norfolk of the name of Howard ; 
his son Thomas — the victorious Surrey of Flodden 
field — married Agnes Tylney ; their son Lord 
William, lord high admiral, and founder of the 
great Effingham line, was half brother to Lady 

Boleyn, mother of Anoe, 2d Queen of Henry VIII, 
and uncle to Katherine, 5th Queen of Henry VIII, 
and great uncle to "Queen Bess," Anne Boleyn's 
daugliter. He was born 1509, married Catherine 
of Broughton. She died 23d April, 1533, leaving 
one daughter, Agnes, who married Sir William 
Paulet, first marquis of Winchester, lord high 
Treasurer ; their daughter Frances married Thomas 
Gallop. Their sons John and Humphrey emigrated 
to America with their families in the ship Mary and 
John, arriving at Nantasket the 30th of May, 1630. 
Humphrey had one son, Joseph, born at Dorchester, 
Mass, 1633, by his wife Anne. This family all 
passed away previous to 1700. 

Capt. John Gallop was educated at a military 
school in Holland, where he formed a friendship 
that proved to be life-long, with Capt. John Mason 
(afterwards of Conn., the Miles Standish of that 
colony.) He died in December 1649 at Boston, 
his wife Chrestabel following him in August 1655, 
leaving; three sons and one dauo-hter. 

Capt. John 2d married Hannah Lake, daughter 
of widow Madame Margaret Lake. He was killed 
December 19, 1675 at the great "Swamp Fight." 



Madame Margaret Lake, widow of John, (nephew 
of Arthur, Bishop of Wells, descendant of the 
Lakes of Normantown, Yorkshire, through the 
Cailleys, from Albinis, Earls of Arundel and 
Sussex, from Count Louvaine, — the right line of 
Charlemagne — and from William the Conqueror) 
was the daughter of Col. PMmund Read, Wickford, 
Essex County, England, and the eldest sister of 
Martha, widow of Daniel Eps, Esq., Ipswich, and 
Elizabeth, wife of Gov>, John Winthrop, Jr. of 

Samuel, married Mary Phillips, November, 1650. 

Nathaniel, married Margaret Oveley, 1652. 

Joanna, married Thomas Joy, 1637. 

Thomas Joy, age 25, sailed from Gravesend for 
America in 1635, in the ship "-Constance." He 
was by occupation a carpenter, and the first Boston 
Town House was built by him in 1657, from his 
design. Thomas Joy died October 21st, 1678, at 
Hingham, Mass. He had ten children but as his 
will mentions but five, Joseph, Ephraim, Saiah, 
Elizabeth and Ruth, the inference is that they 
were his only surviving children. 

The history of Thomas Joy and his descendants 
has recently been published. 


Malcolm Canmore, king of Scotland, and Lady 

Margaret Atheling ; 
Henry I, (Beauclerc) and Matilda; 
Geoffry Plantagenet and Matilda ; 
Henry II and Eleanora of Aquitaine ; 
John and Isabella of Angouleme ; 
Henry III and Eleanor of Provence ; 
Edward I and Marguerite, daughter of Phillip le 

Hardi, king of France ; 
Prince Thomas Plantagenet ; 

Sir Thomas Mowbray and Margaret Plantagenet ; 
Thomas Mowbray and Elizabeth Fitzalan ; 
Sir Robert Howard and Lady Margaret Mowbray ; 
Sir John Howard ; 

Thomas Howard and Agnes Tylney ; 
Lord William Howard and Catherine of Broughton ; 
Sir William Paulet and Agnes Howard ; 
Thomas Gallop and Frances Paulet ; 
John Gallop and Chrestabel ( ?) ; 
Thomas Joy and Joanna Gallop. 



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