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Full text of "English and Chinese dictionary : with the Punti and Mandarin pronunciation"

GIFT OF 
HORACE W. CARPENTER 




-7^ /'"'^HU^^^U^J^ 







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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/englishchinesediOOIobsrich 



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ENGLISH AND CHINESE DICTIONARY, 



WITH THE 



PUNTI AND MANDARIN PRONUNCIATION. 



BT 



THE REV. W. LOBSCHEID, 



KNIGHT OF FRANCIS JOSEPH; C.M.I.E.G.S.A; M.Z.B.S.V., &c., &c., &c. 



Mtillst till iti bas peiligtljum thtcs Wallxts briiigcit, Sij Imu b^ssen Sj^ratbe. 



FJLiRrn I. 



HONGKONG: 

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED AT THE "DAILT PRESS" OFFICE, 

WTNDHAM STREET. 

1866. 



INTHOBrCTIOX. 



The struggle of races has from that time been incessant in the south of China. Cruelties of the 
most savage nature have been perpetrated on both sides, liut the nation at large has made little impres- 
sion on the aborigines in the mountain fastnesses, whose habits are the same as they were 2,00() years 
ago. The latter are, therefore, called the ^ shang (green or raw) aborigines, whilst those living along 
the plains and having partly submitted to Chinese rule, are called the ^ shuk (ripe or civilized) abori- 
gines. 

We have not as yet been able to ascertain, whether the language of the Miautsz is monosyllabic or 
polysyllabic. The few words we have seen of their own langimge incline us to believe, that it is mono- 
syllabic, like the Tibetan. Ritter, Windischmann and rddhoff, who consider these tribes to be of the 
same race with the Tibetans, base their opinion chiefly upon the probable route of their migration, 
and hence conclude, that the language of the Miautsz belongs to the monosyllabic class. 

The history of the 100 families, so far as we accept it as authentic, constitutes the history of China. 
Their superior intellect and civilization impressed upon the conquered tribes their own character. 
Their institutions became the laws of the empire ; and though founded on the patriarchal system, the 
Hamitic element, or the more democratic form of government, had sufficient weight in their councils to 
assert the right of the conquered and to make the supreme powers acknowledge the tox populi to be 
the vox Dei. 

That the Chinese belong to the Mongolian stock is proved by tlieir complexion, by the pjTamidal 
shape of their skull, by their oblique eyes, and by their prominent cheek-bones. Whether the hundred 
families were Shemites or Japhetites, matters little, for their number appears to have been too small to 
produce a new race approaching nearer to the Caucasian type, than to that of their immediate neighbours. 

Once establishexl in their present locality and surrounded by wandering herds, they felt little in- 
clination to go abroad or to mix with their less civilized neighbours. There was little to tempt them to 
conquest ; hence their Avhole warfare with their neighbours was defensive. 

The great extent of their country gave to the population of almost each province a peculiar charac- 
ter, which after being once established, appears in the form of small nationalities, as we meet them in 
Germany, Japan, and recently in an incipient state in the TJ. S, of America. 

The difference of climate has also produced great difference in their physical form, the inhabitants 
of the central and northern provinces being on the average taller and the women more corpulent than 
those of Kwangtung, Kwangsi and other southern provinces. The physiciil aspect of the country 
has in the same manner induced them to pui-sue different avocations. The inha])itants along the flats of 
Pechili, of the south of Shantung and Kiangsu are less enterprising than those of Chikiang, Pukien 
and Kwangtung; hence the language of the former is more uniform, whilst from Shanghai downwards 
along the coast almost each port has its own dialect, differing as much from that of its neighbours as 
the varieties of the Romapic and Gemianic tongues. 

Whether the striking difference of features of the Manc^hu and Japanese is owing to an early inter- 
course with the Caucasian race, can only be ascertained after a more intimate acquaintance with their 
language, legends and history. The many Greek and Gothic words in the Manchu language point to 
their intercourse with those nations, and lead us to con elude, that they formed a considerable contingent 
of the invaders of the west between the fourth and twelfth centuries of our era. 

Before the introduction of Mohammedanism into China, the Chinese appear to have never bad 
direct intercourse with the west. The potterj', snufl'-bottles &c. found in Egypt have been carried there 
by pilgrims to Mecca. Even at this moment we find everywhere Chinese who have visited jSIf'Cca, and 
some under rather precarious circumstances. Those who have not sufficient means to ])ay their ])assag(^ 
from station to station, take with them curiosities, as snuff- bottles or other valuable articles of small 
compass, which they sell to theu* fellow pilgiims or to other parties on tlicir route, as opportunities ofler. 
These articles find theu* way not only to Egypt, but are carried to all the Mohammedan states along the 
Mediterranean. • 

The seclusion of the Chinese as a natitm is one of the principal causes of the great vmiformity of 
their physiognomy. Wo occasionally meet with a person whom a trader has brought fitnn a foreign country, 
and as these men of mixetl origin are chiefly from Java, Singapore, Uorneo or the Philippines, they seldom 
differ much from the Chinese except in having a little darker complexion. .The few wi^ luive met with 
were chiefly in lloklo families, whilst during our short stay in Ja})an we saw several pn-sons with curly 
hair, a sufficient evidence of their parents' foreign origin. 



Note. The word Miautsz is equivalent with 2jS TQJ \ Puuti 
jin, both sifftiifying aborigines. The Cluncso Hpenk of the 
Miaufsz as we do of uncivilized natives of the noil, whilst Punti 
jin refers to the civilized natives of the south, i.e., the mixed 
race, in eontnulistinc^tion of the later intruders from the north. 

For further information on the^al)origrinal tribes see Journal of 



the North China Branch of the Royal Asiatic Sodetj, Dec 

The accounts l>v Julien and others on the snuff-tmttlee and 
Chinese ]M)tt<>ry have j>ot ri'achetl us. Tl»« |>roce<linp is noted 
down Iroin jicrsoual ohsorvitinn and coraniuniiutions by Chinese 
{ulgrims U> Mecca, 



IK^RODTJCTION. 3 



We cannot conclude this paragraph without giving the resume of Dr. Prichard's * observations on 
the Chinese or Mongolian race in general. " The stature is nearly similar in all these tribes; the Chinese 
being, perhaps, a little taller, and the Malays lower, than the others. In all it is below the European 
standard ; the average height of the Siamese is live feet three inches. The complexion in all this group 
of nations is lighter than that of most Asiatics on this side of the Ganges, by far the greater number be- 
ing of a yellow colour The texture of the skin is remarkably smooth, soft, and shining." 

" The whole race displays a remarkable tendency to obesity. The nutritious fluids of the body are 
directed towards the surface, distending and overloading the cellular tissues with an inordinate quantity 
of fat. The muscular textures are in general soft, lax, and flabby, rarely exhibiting that strength or 
development of outline which marks the finer forms of the human body. In labourers and mechanics, 
pai'ticularly among the Chinese, the muscular parts occasionally attain considerable volume, but very 
rarely that hardness and elasticity developed by exercise in Eiu'opeans. A first aspect gives a false es- 
timate of their physical power. In some the limbs often equal those of Europeans, and particularly the 
thighs ; they may be said to form a squat race." 

" The face is remarkably broad and flat ; the cheek-bones prominent, large, spreading, and gently 
rounded; the glabellvun is flat and unusually large; the eyes are in general small; the aperture of the eye- 
lids moderately linear in the Indo-Chinese nations and the Malays, is acutely so in the Chinese, bending 
upwards at its outer end ; the lower jaw is long, and remarkably full under the zygoma, so as to give to 
the countenance a square appearance ; the nose is rather small than flat, the alae not being distended in 
any uncommon degree ; in a great number of Malays it is largest towards its point ; the mouth is large, 
and the lips [moderately] thick ; the beard is remarkably scanty t, consisting only of a few straggling 
hairs ; the forehead, though broad in a lateral direction, is in general narrow, and the hairy scalp comes 
down very low. The head is peculiar ; the antero-posterior diameter being uncommonly short, the gen- 
eral form is rather cylindrical ; the occipital foramen is often placed so far back that from the crown to 

the nape of the neck is nearly a straight line The hair is thick, coarse, and lank; its colour 

is always black. The limbs are thick, short, and stout, and the arms rather out of proportion (?) to the 

trunk The foot is in general small ; but the hand is much longer than that of the Bengalese. 

The trunk is rather square, being nearly as broad at the loins as over the pectoral muscles. There is in 
this respect the greatest difference between them and the inhabitants of India, who are in general re- 
markable for small waists. The diameter of the pelvis is pjirticularly large, and the dimensions of the 
cavity would appear to be somewhat greater than in other races. " 

" They appear to be calculated for toilsome and laborious exertions ; but they have not the energy 
of European labourers ; the greater number are distinguished for mechanical skill and patience rather 
than for mental capacity ; others are equally remarkable for indolence and aversion to labour. " 

The population of China is another subject of interest ; for since the days of Marco Polo, people 
at home are accustomed to look upon everything Chinese as being counted by millions. The best and 
most carefully written Avork on the population of China is that by Sacharoff, whose long residence in 
Peking had made him acquainted with the most authentic sources, as also with the value we may attach 
to Chinese documents of that kind. 

Sacharoff, whilst admitting that China is densely populated, cannot help entertaining serious doubts 
as to the number of 412 millions as given by the Imperial government. His doubts are chiefly based 
upon the fact, that (1) for 1,600 years the population fluctuated between 7 and 75 millions; that (2) the 
population continued to increase after the amount of taxes and the quantum of crown service had been 
fixed in perpetuity, on which account the mandarins added to the number of the people ad Ubitimi ; and 
that (3) no census is taken though the increase and decrease of the population is I'egularly recorded and 
presented to H. I. Majesty. 

In accepting, however, a certain number of inhabitants at a certain date, it does not necessarily fol- 
low, that that number must be doubled every hundred years. Where, we ask, is such a normal state of 
peace and prosperity to be found, as to constitute an argument pro or contra the number of a population 
at a given time ? Not a single nation has had peace for a hundred years ; hence the accepted rule has 
never been tested but on paper. 

The increase of a nation is intimately related to the average age the people attain. Both proceed 
from the same source, the relative strength of the constitution, as can be proved from the examples 
quoted by careful observers. Derham mentions the case of a lady, who died at the age of 93, and had 

* Natural History of Man, i nmon^' the Euvopeatis, some oftlioui liaving a full beird am} 

f There is, however, as much difference among the Chinese as i l»'"f all over the bodj-. 



i 



tNTKODUCTION. 



J» 



given birth to 16 children, of whom 11 married. Upon her death she had 114 grandchildren, 228 great- 
grandchildren, and 900 great-gi-eat-grandchildren. If we take tlie age of the lady upon her first marri- 
age at 17, then she had within 76 years 1,258 descendants. Such parents could within 100 years in- 
crease 800 fold. 

The convulsions that have now and then distracted the Chinese empire for a period of from 50 to 80 
years, set all our European rules of computation at defiance, as may be seen from the table giving the 
census for the last 1800 years. For whilst A. D. 2 the population of China is given at 59,594,978 in- 
dividuals, we have 200 years later only 7,632,881 ; and whilst the census of A. D, 1712 gives only 
24,621,334 individuals, the one published in 1749 gives the population at 177,495,339, or seven times 
the number of the one published 38. years pre\'iously. 

We here give the table of the population of China as published by Sacharoflf : — 



Table sho^inv the Population of China during the various Dynasties from A. D. 

2 to 1578, compiled from historical accounts. 



Dynasty. 


A. D. 


Families. 


Individuals. 


Dynasty. 


A. D. 


Families. 


iMDreiDCALs. 


Han 


2 
57 


12,233,002 
4,279,034 


59,594,978 
21,007,820 




1,075 
1,080 


15,084,529' 
14,852.684 


23,807.165 




33,303,889 




75 


5,800,173 


34,125,021 




1,091 


18,055,093 


41,492,311 




88 


7,450,784 


43,350,307 




1,099 


19,715,555 


43,411,606 




105 


9,237,112 


53,250,229 




1,102 


20,019,050 


43,820,769 




125 


9,647,838 


48,090,789 




1,100 


11,375,733 


19,229,008 




144 


9,940,919 


49,730,550 




1,100 


12,335,450 


25.378,684 




145 


9,937,080 


49,524,183 




1,193 


12,302,873 


27.845,085 




146 


9,348,227 


47,^00,772 




1,223 


12,670.801 


28,320,085 




157 


10,077,900 


50,480,850 




1,204 


5.696,989 


13,026,532 


S&n kwo or three State*. 


220-242 


1,363,000 


7.032.881 


Tsin or Kin 


1,187 


6.789,449 


44,705,086 


Tsin 


280 


2,459,804 


10,103 803 


1,190 


6.939,000 


45,447,900 


Sui, 


580 


3,590,000 


9,009,004 


1,195 


7.223,400 


48,490,400 




606 


8,907,530 


40.019,950 


1,207 


7.684.838 


45.816.079 


Tana 


027 


3,000,000 




Yuen 1,290 


13.196.206 


58.834,710 




650 


3,800,000 




1.330 


13,400,699 
10,654,362 






706 


6,350,141 




Mine 1-381 


59.872.805 




726 


7,009,505 






1,393 


10,652.870 


60,545.812 




732 


7,801,236 


45,431,205 




1,402 


10.626,779 


56.301.026 




742 


8,348,395 


45,311,272 




1,403 


11,415.829 


66,598,337 




754 


9,069,154 






1,404| 9,685.020 


50,950,470 




755 


8,919.309 


52,919,309 




1,41 ll 9,533.092 


51,446.,'534 




756 


8,018,701 






l,412i 10.922.436 


65.377.630 




700 


1.933,174 


16,990,386 




l,413i 9,084.910 


50,950.244 




764 

780 

806-820 


2,933,125 
3,805,070 
2,473.963 




* 


1,454 
1.462 
1.463 


9,460,288 
9,385,012 
9,107.205 


54.338,476 






56.370.260 






60,479,330 




821-824 


3.914,595 






1,466 


9,202,718 


60.653.724 




825-820 

839 

841-840 


3,978,983 
4,996,753 
4,955,151 






1.486 
1.487 
1,491 




65.442.680 








50,207.134 






9.113,446 


53,281,168 


SuTlff 


976 

997 

1,021 


3,090,504 
4,132,576 
8,677,077 






1.504 




60.105,885 






1 .^SOS 


12 972.974 






19V93d,320 


i!506 d,ro\',77S 


46.802,605 




1,029 


10,102,089 20.054,238 


l,513j 


63,300,000 




1,048 


10.723.695 21,830.064 


1,522 9.721,652 


60,861.273 




1,003 


12,402.317! 26,421,051 


1.578' 10,621.436 


60.792,866 




1,006 


12.917.221 


29,092,185 




1 


1 
1 





iNTRbitJCTlON. i 

Those who have ti-avelled through the mountainous part of the empire entertain grave douhts res- 
pecting the enormous population as given by Lord Macartney and since accepted by the nations of 
Europe and America. Considering the superficial area, the population can hardly exceed 200 millions, 
and may at present, in consequence of the rebellion, be even less. The population must continue de- 
creasing, so long as the convulsions in the interior last, trade and industry will constantly be paralized 
or fluctuate with the fortune of war. 

Before we commenced the present Dictionary, we intended to add a short paragraph on the value 
we may place on the authenticity of Chinese chronology as accepted by western writers ; for we observ- 
ed with deep regret, that there were men even among the promoters of the Christian Religion, who 
were led astray by the smooth gloss which certain later writers have cast over the ancient records of 
China. This duty belonging more to the province of historians, has been ably discharged by the Rev. 
Dr. Legge in his Prolegommena to the Historical Classic. To him and to the Rev. J. Chalmers, the 
present and future students are greatly indebted for the unwearying zeal and perseverance displayed in 
their investigation. 

Dr. Prichard in referring to this subject says : — " The Chinese have long been the most num- 
erous and powerful of the Indo-Chinese races. Originally, according to their own historians, a small 
herd of roving barbarians, who wandered about the forest of Shensi, at the foot of the high mountains 
of the Tibetan border of China, without settled dwellings, clothed in skins, ignorant even of the use of 
fire (of which no human race has been discovered to be really ignorant,) feeding on insects and roots, 
more destitute even than the Bushmen or the Australian savages, it was only, if we might credit the 
childish simplicity of their sacred legends, by listening to the counsels of their emperors or patriarchs, 
that they gradually emerged from this state of barbarism and, by repeated victories, extended their power 
over the petty states which now constitute the empire." 

Dr. Legge after having waded through their " childish legends " concludes his researches wdth the 
following words : — " For myself, I had adopted the chronology of the Septuagint as nearer the truth 
than that of our present Hebrew Bible, more than five-and-twenty years ago, before it was definitely 
in my plan of life to come to China as a missionary ; but the history of China need not seriously em- 
barrass any one who follows the shortest chronology of Sripture. Writers like Bunscn, who follow 
the Will-o-the-wisps of their own imagination, may launch their shafts against the intolerance of 
churches, and narrow-mindedness of missionaries. On Chinese ground we can afford to laugh at their 
intolerance, each bolt they discharge is mere bruitimfulmen ; each shaft, imbelle tehim." 



lyrRODUCTION. 



THE CHINESE LANGUAGE. 

The Chinese language belongs to the monosyllabic tongues and is to the nations of eastern Asia 
what Sanscrit is to the Aryan or Indo-Gerraanic, and Hebrew or Chaldee to the Shemitic races. 

The monosyllabic tongues are peculiar to those nations, whom we regard as descendants of Ham. 
Only recently specimens of monosyDabic tongues spoken by nations on the white River in Africa have 
been published in Dr. Petermann's Geographischen Mittheilungen, of which we give an extract below. 

In Eastern Asia we have the Burmese, the Siamese, the Anamese and the Loas, whose original lan- 
guage appears to belong to the same stock as the Chinese. 



Der Missioniir A. Kmifniau, welclier voile drei .Talire am Weissen 
Fluss gcltbt Imt, giebt in seinein kiirzlich erschienencii Biiclie : 
" Das Gehiet dos Weissen Fhissos nnd (lessen IJcwohner " 
(Brixen 1861) eiiiige Notizen iiher die Dinka-Spache, welche zur 
Erlsiuterung des obigeii Vokabulars faier am Platze gain inocliten. 
Er sagt : 

Die Sprache dieser Neger-Stiimme ist eine gaiiz eigeDtliilmliche. 
Die Worte derselben siiid einsilbig, wie z. B. ran = Mensch, tik 
= W(Mb, duk = wiederkehren, lo = gehen, allein n}it vielen 
Diphthongen iind Triplithongeu, wie nioic = der Mann, Gemahl, 
kiiac := der Tiger, u6i = der Hauch, Athein, neu = das Zcug. 
Uiesc Sprnche entbelirt aller Zisclilaute, wie s, sell, z, was wohl 
aucli (lalier koninien mag, weil sich die Dinka, wie alle anderen 
Neger des Weissen I'lusscs, die vorderen Sehncidezilhne iin Un- 
terkiefer ausreissen und soniit beiiiahe unfiihig werden, Zisclilaute 
auszusprecrlien. Ebcn so felileii die Aspirationslaute, wie li und ch ; 
dafiir aber haben sie zwei Laiite, W(;lelie uusere Europiiisclien 
Spraclien niclit gemciii haben. So hat diese Sprache, und alle 
S])i'a(!hen iiach Osten und Westen des Flusses, so viel wir kennen 
lemton, den Laiit iig, wie er als Endlaut im Woi-te " Ding " 
vorkomnit, und dieses sowolil am Anfaiig wie am Ende, z. B. ngai 
:=befreien, erliisen, leiig = die Tronnnel, iiyaiig = das Krokodil, 
ngo ! = niinra an ! Ferner hat ilie Dinka Sprache einen Kehllaut 
(ihnlich deni Arabischen c ; wir bezeiehnen ilin mit gh, z. B. ghen 

= ich, ghog = wir, ghok =: Kiihe, ghet =bis ; tsch sehreiben wir 
immer mit e, wiilirend dj gleicli dsch ansgesprochen wird. 

Die Hauptwiirtcr dieser Sprache haben kein Geschleeht, keine Kasus, 
keiiien Artikel und bei vielen ist einfache und vielf'nche Zahl gleich, 
man muss Alles nur aiis der Zusammensetzung abnchmen. Doch 
findet sich weiter bei den Ncnnw^iirtern die Eigenthiimlichkeit, dass 
bei Zusainmenstellung mehrercr derselben und in Verbindung mit 
den zueignendcn FurWortern der letzle Buchstabe gciiiulort wird, 
und zwar in ein n odcr ng. Z. B. ut heisst Haus ; un-dia, mein 
Ilaus; pai heisst Dorf, Lar.d, pad-e-beng das Dorf des Hiiuptlings, 
pan-dia* = meine Heimath, mein Vaterland ; lee = Zalin, leng-cia 
= meine Ziihne. Nur 1, m, n, p, r bleiben unveriindcrt. Aufl'al- 
lend ist die Veriindening, welche die Namen der Farnilieiigliedcr in 
posscssiver Bedeutung annehnicn, •/.. B. mein Vater va, dein Vater 
ur, sein Valcr un, nnser Vater va-da, euer Vater ur-duen; ihr Vater 
un-den ; eben so bei Mutter: meine Mutter ma ; deine Mutter mor, 
seine Mutter mann, unsere Mutter ma-da, cure Mutter mor-dun, 
ihre Mutter mann-deii. 

Von BeiwOrtcm giebt ea sehr wenige, denn die meisten derselben 
sind audi Zeitwiirter. Es felilt dabei wieder jede Anderung, selbst 
bei Vergleichiingen. Das Beiwort steht immer nach dcm Haupt- 
worte : z. B. tim adid = ein grosser Baum, ven abi did = er wird 
gross werden, ran col = ein schwarzcr Mensch, koic-g(^r = weisse 
Leute. 

Bei den Zahhv/irtern leldcn die Ordnungszahlen giinzlich, mit 
Ausnalime der Wiirtcr der Krste iiiid Letzte. Sie steheii nach 
dein Hauptworte und heisscn : i tok, 2 roii, 3 dyak, 4 ungran, 
B dyec, 6 detcm, 7 derou, 8 bet, II deuiigvan, 1(» tyer, 11 tjcr ko 
tok," 12 tyer ko rou, 20 fyor lou, IJO tycr dynk, 100 tyer nyein, 
1000 tyer buot, der Erste tueiig der Ii<'tzte cyeng. 

Wie in alien S])ra('lien sind aueh in der Dinka-Sprache die Fiirwiirter 
der sehwierigsle Theil. Die personlieheii sind; ghen oderan ^:^ ich, 
yin = (hi, yen = er, sie, sie, ghog = wir, uck == ihr, kek = sie. 
Die Kasus der Flirwflrter drilckeii sie (lurch 8uHixe aus, die dem 
Zeitworte angehiingt werden, welche sowohl im Dntiv als Akkusativ 
gleich sind. Solchc Snflixe sind : u mir, mich ; i dir, dich ; e ihm, 



ihn ; a uns ; o eucli ; ke sie. Z. B. yek heisst geben. yek-a = gieb 
mir oder una, yek-e = gieb ihm u. s. w. Die zueignendcn Fttrwiirter 
werden ebenfalls (lurch Suffixe ausjedrllckt, und zwar : 

Plonl 

:= cia 
= ku 

= kwa 

( kuii 
(kuon 
ken 



euer 






de 



meine 

deioe 

seine 

ihre 

unsere 

euere = 



SingoUr 

mein = dia 
dein = du 
seine 
ihr 

unser ^ da 
= dun 
duon 
ihr = den ihre 

Z. B. rap-dia = mein Getreide, guop-du = dein Lcib, buong-da = 
unser Kleid, ghok-cia = meine KUhc, nir-kwa = unsere Mfid- 
chen, bain-kun = euere Hiiuptlinge. " Es ist mein " heisst ye- 
ke-dia, " es ist dein " ye-ke-du u. s. w. Wie die Hauptwfirter 
kein Geschleeht haben, so fehlt es naturlich auch bei den Fur- 
wortern. 

Die Zcitworter leiden je nach Zcit und Bedeutung eine Anderung, 
(loeh nur in den Vokalen, nnd selbe bleiben thatig und leidend 
meistens gleich. Die Dinka haben drei verschiedene Zeiten, sie 
unterscheiden bloss Vergaiigenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft. In 
der gegenwiirtigen setsen sie der Wurzel ein a vor, z. B. a-nin = 
er sehliif't, a-luoi = er arbeitet. Die vergangene und kiinftige Zeit 
zeigen sie dureh ein Hiilfszeitwort an, das in der vcrgangeiien ci 
und in der kiinftigen bi oder ba lantet Z. B. ba lo = ich wcrde 
gehen, wir werden gehen ; yen aci duk = er ist znrilckgekommen. 
Ist aber die Eede verneiiieiid, so steht in der gegenwiirtigen Zeil 
eye, in der vergangenen akei und in der kfinftigen ci-bi vor dem 
Zeitworte. Z. B. ghog akei dek = wir haben nicht getninken, kek 
aci bi cam = sie werden nicht essen. eye ring = er liiuft nicht. 

Ferner war uns Deutsehen sehr auffallen der deutsche Satzbiui in den 
einfachen Siitzen, z. B. ghen aci ring cam = ich habc Fleich ge- 
gessen. In den zusammengcsetzten Sfitzen ist er jedoch elwas 
vcrschieden. 

Um ein Muster dieser Sprache su geben, so folgc das Pater Noster, 
Ave Maria und Credo. 

Pater Noster. — Va-da yin ato nyal, ghog aty/'dj, rin-ku abi le<y, 
pan-du abi ben, puon-du abi loi pin-ic acit nyal-ie. Yeke ghog 
mid-kwa akal atong-ghog : pal ghog kerac-da, acit ghog ya apal 
koic ci kerae loi etoii ghog, ko dune pal bi ghog, kvat ke-nir-ic, 
loniie ngai ghog eton ke-rac. Amen. 

Ave Maria. — Maddo Maria, yin atynng uei Den-did akuryeo. 
Den-did ke yin, yin ac(')l angw/:iii dyar-ic eben, ko acol apuat ared 
dauyin-du Yesu. Maria afuat an-d mann Den-did cor ton ghog 
arac yemanc ko acol ton ghog. Amen. 

Qredo. — An agara eton f Den-did un aleu elieii nceiig nyal ko pin, 
ko eton Ycsu Krist man-de tok-rir lieng-did-da ; yen aci lyac eton 
uei Den-did, ko aci dyet eton Maria ager ; yen aci rem, na Pilat 
c Ponti beng-did, yen aci pvat ager-kou, aci ton, ko B<a tyok 
rang-ic. Yen aci ydd pin-tar, Vo acol eall-ic ven aci rat-(\jot eton, 
ko yen aci yid nydl, ko arer eton cuk- Den-did un aleu eben, ko 
ton tufui abi lien bi ting apuat ko bi ryop koic pir ko koic ci tou. 
An agam eton uri Den-did ko Ecclesia cnlolica apuat ared, koic 
puat eben inat-ic, kerae pnol, djorot gup, ko pir akuryec. Amen. 

A. P. 



* >^ ift r''" ^^ ^ ^' Chinese expresses the same. 
t Den = ^ Tien, Den, betven, or God. 



INTROBUCTION. 



AH' these nations, so far as they are unmixed with Indians, speak a language, which we designate 
monosyllabic. In Siam, China and other states we can apply this term only to the written language ; 
and even in this we find a great tendency towards the polysyllabic, in the same degree as the style in- 
clines to the popular idiom. Speaking, therefore, of the language in general, the term syllabic is more 
appropriate and expresses its character more forcibly than the word monosyllabic. 

The Chinese being the leaders in civilization in the north, east and north-east of the Himalaya 
mountains, have by their literatm-e, higher state of civilization and greater originality given to their 
northern neighbours a syllabary in the form of an alphabet, whilst those nations who were nearer to 
India, adopted with the Buddhist doctrine an alphabet approaching nearer to that of Hindustan. 

The syllabic system which extends from China to Japan, and from Japan across the Pacific to Cen- 
tral America and the western territory, now included in the U. S. of America, seems to be' intimately 
connected with the hieroglyphics or ideographic characters, in which the ideas of the people petrefled 
and thus became true symbols of their stationary character. 

The language of these nations may be divided into three classes : — 

I. Alphabetic languages with a system of spelling similar to western tongues. Among these we 
class : — 

1. The Tibetan, the Burmese, and the Siamese. The intercourse of these nations with India 
through the medium of their religion appears to have made them anxious to adopt an orthography of 
clear, articulated sounds. Hence we not only find in those languages the R immediately following 
other consonants, but it also seems that they dropped short vowels in words now written with a remark- 
able accumulation of consonants. This is a prominent featm-e in the Tibetan language, as Mali be seen 
from the following examples : brdsun, bsdams, bszgrags &c. ; which words Professor Lepsius thinks may 
formerly have been written bardsun, basdams, basgragas. * 

2. The Siamese. In this language we find nearly all the letters of the English Alphabet. The 
combinations of the consonants resemble those of the western tongues ; and there are, as in Chinese, 
many synonyms (now mere particlesj used in the formation of dissyllabic words f . We have also 
in the Siamese, Burmese, Anamese, and the Shan languages a system of intonation similar to the 
Chinese, which is another proof of their common origin with the latter race and of their probable 
migration from the north or north-west of the countries they now inhabit. The changes in their 
langviage, religion and race were gradual, because the influx from India during the political convul- 
sions and the religious persecutions never threw at once so large a number of people among them as to 
destroy their nationality or the character of their language. What the changes of the language were, it 
is difficult to say. Was it a falling back from a richer, polysyllabic language towards the monosyllabic, 
as Professor Lepsius supposes, or are the present languages the result of a clumsy effort at imitating 
the Aryan and Shemitic languages ? In the Tibetan language we incline to the views held by Professor 
Lepsius ; but are at a loss to account for the existence of other monosyllabic tongues among nations of 
the same origin, as well as for the combinations of consonants in Siamese, because before the intro- 
duction of Buddhism they not only used the Chinese characters, but must also have had sounds more 
similar to that tongue, unless we discover a language among the aborigines in the south of China with 
a monosyllabic tongue and with all the consonants of western languages. If such a tribe still exist, 
that would give us the key to the changes the Punti and other southern dialects have undergone subse- 
quent to their intermixture with their conquerors from the north. 

II. The second class of syllabic languages are the MongoKan, the Mq^nchu, the Corean, the Ja- 
panese, and most of the languap'-s of the American Indians. 

1. The Mongolian and Manchu languages differ from the Tibetan in their combination of conso- 
nants. The E/ never combines with another consonant either at the commencement or at the end of a 
syllable. Even in such words as bear great resemblance to the Gothic or Greek, and which it would 
appear they retained after their expulsion from the west, tliey have dropped the first consonant, when 
two followed each other, as e. g. in Manchu cholo, Greek <rx'>-i- 

2. The Japanese whose intercourse with foreign nations has been chiefly confined to Corea, China, 
the Philippines and Siam, have retained a more purely syllabic language than the Mongols and Manchu. 
They find great difl3.culty in spelling western words, because in their own language, as in northern Chi- 
nese and in the languages of most of the American Indians not a single consonant terminates a syllable 
but the N. In all other respects their language is as characteristically Tartar as their own features ; 



* Lepsius : tjber Chinesische and TibetiSche Lautverhiiltnis- 
se, &c. 

f The orthography of the Roinanized Siamese, as introduced 
and partly clung to by the American missionaiies is truly 
pitiable and defies even the most ancient German we meet 



with in books and manuscripts of earlier days. If we can 
write " Prince Somdeth Choufa chulalon Kom," why should 
we Mrrite Somdet P'ra Earaes6-6an ? " The latter system of 
orthography is truly formidable and reminds us of the darkest 
ages, when the axt of writing was quite a novelty, 



INtEODUCTIOK. 



and bears already marks of a transition as met with among the tribes inhabiting the Sandwich and other 
Islands of the Pacific. For whilst the Chinese cannot pronounce a pure R, the Japanese always substi- 
tute an R for an L at the commencement of a word. They read ^ ri instead of U, as the Chinese, and 
ro, instead of lo. The Sandwich Islanders distinguish with great difficulty between the L and R. 

"Whatever intercourse the Indians of America may have ha<l with Europeans, the number of the 
latter has never been large enough to deprive their language of the syllabic character. The Japanese 
words that have recently been discovered in the CaUfornian Indian Dialect, and the fact that the 
written characters of Central America have been found to be composed on the same principle as the 
Chinese, i. e. that they ai-e hieroglyphic ideographs with radicals, relatives or determinatives, points to 
a western origin and a connection and relationsship with the Japanese and Chinese. This leads us 
back to the nation whose langviage we have endeavoured to bring to the knowledge of the foreigners in 
the present work. 

III. The third class of syllabic languages and still using the hieroglyphic ideographs, is the Chi- 
nese, It is divided into as many dialects as the Romanic and Germanic tongues. By far the greater 
portion of the people speak the '^ 0^ kwan hwa or Mandarin dialect, which may in importance be com- 
pared to the high German, as at present spoken by the greater portion of the educated people of Ger- 
many. The Mandarin tongue is the language of the empire except in Yunnan, Kwangsi, Kwangtung, 
Pukien, Ningpo and Shanghai. The information we have received from the various parts of the empire, 
leads us to the conclusion, that fully three fourths of the pojjulation speak the Mand-irin dialect, or that 
the subordinate dialects stand in relation to the language of the empire as Dutch, Swedish, and Danish 
to high German. 

The great diversity of dialects in the south and along the coast as far as Shanghai are, with the 
exception of the Punti and Fukien, spoken by a comparatively small number of jieople. 

The Punti is the dominant dialect of Kwangtung and Kwangsi, and yet fully one third of the 
population of Kwangtung speak either Uakka, a dialect nearly allied to the southern Mandarin, or Tie 
chiu, a sister dialect of the Fukien, noted for the large number of its nasal sounds. 

If we deduct the dialects which are only spoken by a few hundred thousands or a million of people, 
such as the Shanghai and Ningpo dialects, then we have : — 

1. The Punti, which in sound may be compared to high German ; 

2. The Hakka, which in sound resembles the Swedish and Danish ; 

3. The Fukien or Hoklo, which we would call the Chinese French ; and 

4. The southern and northern Mandarin dialects, which, with their large number of gutturals or 
fricative sounds resemble more the Dutch of the Germanic language. 

The Punti or Canton dialect is that spoken by the race, who according to Chinese accounts, is the 
result of the intermarriage of the aborigenes with the invaders of their territory, which is put down 
as between B. C. 220-250. The dialect of this race is the best articulated of all the dialects we have 
heard. It has eight distinct tones, only a few diphthongs, and besides the nasal Ng there is not a 
single sound that occasions any difficulty of pronunciation to a foreigner. The number of words or 
syllables of this dialect is 700 in Dr. Williams* Tonic Dictionary, and are represented in the follo- 
wing table : — 

SU.LVBAR1 OF THE CANTOIV DIVl.ECT. 



1 


A 


n^is 


Au 


1^ 29 


Ch'dm 


m 


43 


Chan 


m,^^ 


Chira 


A 71 


Chong 


m 


2 


Ai 


m 


10 


Au 


#30 


Chan 


n 


44 


Ch'au 


^\^^ 


Cli'im 


l§72 


Ch'ong 


M 


3 


Ai 


n 


17 


Chd 


iEi31 


Ch'an 




45 


Chdu 


"« r"^-^ 


Chin 


ifr73 


Chii 


1 


4 


Ak 


u 


18 


Ch'd 


^[32 


Chdn 


^ 


46 


Ch'du 


^GO 


Ch'In 


M74 


Ch'ii 


6 


Ak 


m 


19 


Chai 


|#33 


Ch'dn 


^ 


47 


Ch6 


it 01 


Ching 


3E75 


Chui 


ia 


6 


Am 


# 


20 


Chili 


m 34 


Chang 


w 


48 


Ch'6 


#62 


Cli'ing 


#i76 


Cb'ui 


pk 


7 


Am 


m 


21 


Ch'di 


^35 


Chdng 


^ 


49 


Ch6uk 


M 63 


Chip 


t^P 


Chuk 


^ 


8 


An 


# 


22 


Chak 


i7C3G 


Ch'dng 




50 


Ch'6uk 


4 6t 


Chit 


^78 


Ch'uk 


^ 





Ang 


»mi 


23 


Ch'ak 


il|lj37 


Chap 


m 


51 


Chdung 


m 65 


Ch'it 


IS- 79 


Chun 


m 


10 


Ang 


m 


24 


Clidk 


1^38 


Chdp 


^j 


52 


Ch'dung 


goo 


Chill 


^80 


Ch'un 


^ 


11 


Ap 


f^ 


25 


Ch'dk 


^39 


Ch'dp 


:p 


53 


Chi 


^HI67 


Ch'iu 


113 81 


Chiin 


m 


12 


Ap 


% 


20 


Cham 


#i-40 


Chat 


^ 


54 


Ch'i 


m 68 


Cho 


M82 


Ch'ttn 


)\ 


13 


At 


m 


27 


Ch'am 


UM 


Chdt 


^1 


6Q 


Chik 


IjilfeOO 


Ch'o 


??; 83 


Chung 




14 


At 


^ 


28 


Clidni 


^n 


Ch'iU 


^ 


50 


Ch'ik 


7*s'70 


Phok 


^ '83ii 


!.Ch'ung 



INTRODUCTION. 



9 



Syllabari/ of the Canton Dialect. — Continued. 



84 
85 
86 
87 
88 
89 
90 
91 
92 
93 
94 
95 
96 
97 
98 
99 



Cliut 

Ch'ut 

Chiit 

FA 

Fai 

PAi 

Fan 

Fdn 

Fat 

F4t 

Fau 

Fi 

Fik * 

Fing 

Fo 

100 Fok 

101 Fong 

102 Fii 

103 Fui 

104 Fuk 

105 Fiin 

106 Fung 

107 Flit 

108 Hd 

109 Hai 

110 Hdi 

111 Hak 

112 Hak 

113 Hdm 

114 Han 

115 Hdn 

116 Hang 

117 Hdng 

118 Hap 

119 Hdp 

120 Hat 

121 Hau 

122 HAu 

123 H6 * 

124 H6ung 

125 Hi 

126 Him 

127 Hin 

128 Hing 

129 Hip 

130 Hit 

131 Hiu 

132 Ho 

133 Ho 

134 Hoi 

135 Hok 

136 H6m 

137 Hon 

138 Hong 

139 H6p 






m 
m 

if 



m 



140 
141 
142 
143 
144 
145 
146 
147 
148 
149 
150 
151 
152 
153 
154 
155 
156 
157 
158 
159 
160 
161 
162 
163 
164 



^ 165 
1^166 
m 167 
168 
169 
170 
171 
172 
173 
174 
175 
176 
177 
178 
179 
180 
181 
182 
183 
184 
185 
186 
187 
188 
189 
190 
191 
192 
193 
194 
^ 195 















Hot 

Hi! 

Hu 

Huk 

Hiin 

Hnng 

Hilt 

Ilwe * 

I 

Im 

In 

Iv 

It 

lu 

Kd 

Kai 

K'ai 

Kai 

K'di 

Kak 

Kam 

K'am 

Kam 

Kan 

K'an 

Kan 

Kang 

K'ang 

Kdng 

Kap 

K'ap 

Kap 

Kat 

K'at 

Kan. 

K'au 

Kdu 

K'du 

K6 

K'6 

Kcuk 

K'6uk 

K6ung 

K'eung 

Ki 

K'i 

Kik 

K'ik 

Kim 

K'im 

Kin 

K'in 

King 

K'ing 

Kip 

Kit 



Pi 



m 



m 
itt 



196 
197 
198 
199 
200 
201 
202 
203 
204 
205 
206 
207 
208 
209 
210 
1211 
212 
213 
214 
215 
^1216 
^217 
218 
219 
220 
221 
222 
223 
B 1224 
225 
226 



n 
n 
m 
m 



db 



227 
228 
229 
;^ 230 
^ 231 
^ 232 
H 233 
P^ 234 
3^235 
M 236 
iP 237 



fi 



# 






238 
239 
240 
241 
242 
243 
244 
245 
246 
247 
248 
249 
250 
251 



K'it 

Kill 

K'iii 

Ko 

K5 

Koi 

K'oi 

Kok 

K'ok 

Kom 

Kon 

Kong 

K'ong 

Kop 

Kot 

Ku 

Kii 

K'u 

Ku* 

Kui 

Kuk 

Kiin 

K'iin 

Klin 

Kung 

K'ung 

Kilt 

Kut 

Kwa 

Kw'A 

Kwai 

Kw'ai 

Kwai 

Kwdk 

Kwan 

Kw'an 

KwAn 

Kwang 

Kwdng 

Kwat 

Kwat 

Kwik 

Kwing 

Kwit * 

Kwo 

Kwok 

Kwong 

Kw'ong 

La 

Lai 

Lai 

Lak 

Lak 

Lam 

LAm 

Lan 



m 



m 






M 



^ 



m 

it 



m 



m 

m 
m 

m 
m 
Pig- 



252 
253 

254 
255 
256 
257 
258 
259 
260 
261 
262 
263 
264 
265 
266 
267 
268 

269 
270 
271 
272 
173 

274 
275 
276 
277 
278 
279 
280 
281 
282 
283 
284 
285 
286 
287 
288 
289 
290 
291 
292 
293 
294 
295 
296 
297 
298 
290 
300 
301 
302 
303 
304 
305 



lAo. 

Lang 

Ldng 

Lap 

Lap 

Lat 

Lat 

Lau 

Lau 

Le 

Leuk 

L6ung 

Li 

Lik 

Lim 

Lin 

Ling 

Leng 

Lip 

Lit 

Liu 

Lo 

L6 

Lii 

Loi 

Lok 

Long 

Lii 

Lii* 

Lui 

Liii 

Luk 

Lun 

Liin 

Lung 

Lut 

Lilt 

M 

Ma 

Mai 

Mai 

Mak 

Mdk 

Man 

Mdn 

Mang 

Mang 

Mat 

Mat 

Mau 

Mau 

M6 

Mek 

Meng 

Mi 

Mik 



i 

m 

m 
m 



m 



m 



m 



m 



^ 

m 



m 



* 

m 



m 



306 
307 
308 
309 
310 
311 
312 
313 
314 
315 
316 
317 
318 
319 
320 
321 
322 
323 
324 
325 
326 
327 
328 
329 
330 
331 
332 
333 
334 
335 
336 
337 
338 
339 
340 
341 
342 
343 
344 
345 
346 
347 
348 
349 
350 
351 
352 
353 
354 
355 
356 
357 
358 
359 
360 
361 



m 

m 

m 



# 



m 

M 
It 
M 

m 

m 
m 



Min 

Ming 

Mit 

Miii 

Mo 

Mo 

Mok 

Mong 

Miii 

Muk 

Miin 

Mung 

Miit 

Na 

Nai 

Nai 

Nak 

Nam 

Nam 

Nan 

Nan 

Nang 

Nap 

Nap 

Nat 

Nat 

Nau 

Nau 

N6 

Neng * 

N6ung 

Ng 

Nga 

Ngai 

Ngai 

Ngak 

Ngak 

Ngam 

Ngdm 

Ngan 

Ngan 

Ngang 

Ngap 

Ngdp 

Ngat 

Ngat 

Ngau ^ 

Ngdu ^^ 

Ngi * 

Ngit M 

Ngo 

Ngo 



m 



IS. 

m 
m 
m 



m 



Ngoi 
Ngok 
Ngon 
Ngong 



m 



362 
363 
364 
365 
366 
367 
368 
369 
370 
371 
372 
373 
374 
375 
376 
377 
378 
379 
380 
381 
382 
383 
384 
385 
386 
387 
388 
389 
390 
391 
392 
393 
394 
395 
396 
397 
398 
399 
400 
401 
402 
403 
404 
405 
406 
407 
408 
409 
410 
411 
412 
413 
414 
415 

416 



Ni 

Nik 

Nim 

Nin 

Ning 

Nip 

Nit* 

Niii 

No 

N6 

Noi 

Nok 

Nong 

Nil 

Nuk 

Niin 

Nung 

Nut . 

O 



Oi 

Ok 

Om 

On 

Ong 

Pd 

P'a 

Pai 

P'ai 

Pai 

P'c4i 

Pak 

Pak 

P'ak 

Pan 

P'an 

Pan 

P'an 

Pang 

P'ang 

Pang 

P'ang 

Pat 

P'at 

Pat 

Pan 

P'au 

Pau 

P'du 

Pe 

Pi 

P'i 

Pik 

P'ik 

P'ek 

Pin 



i 



^ 
^ 

^ 



HI 

n 
ft 



m 
m 
m 



•3S 









m. 



m 



A 

as 



• Sounds without characters. 



10 



INTRODUCTION. 



Syllabary of the Canton Dialect. — Continued. 



417 P'in 

418 Ping 
Peng 

419 P'ing 
Feng 

420 Pit 

421 P'it 

422 Piu 

423 P'iii 

424 Po 

425 P'o 

426 P6 

427 F6 

428 Pok 

429 P'ok 

430 P6m • 

431 Pong 

431 Fong 

432 Pui 

433 P'lii 

434 Puk 

435 Pun 

436 P'un 

437 Pung 

438 Fung 

439 Put 

440 P'ut 

441 Sa 

442 Sai 

443 Sdi 

444 Sak 

445 Sam 

446 Sdm 

447 San 

448 Sdn 

449 Sang 

450 Sap 

451 Sdp 

452 Sat 

453 Sdt 

454 Sau 
465 S6 

456 Seng * 

457 S«5uk 

458 S6ung 

459 Shd 

460 Sliai 

461 Shdi 

462 Shdk 
403 Sham 



11^64 



Shdm 

Shan 

Slidn 

Sliang 

Slians 



172 
473 

S 1^74 
PS' 175 



M 



^ 



Ji> 



500 



Sliong 

Sliii 

Shui 

Shuk 

Shun 

Shiin 

Shung 

Shut 

Shiit 

Sik 

Sek 

Sin 

Seng 

Sing 









m 



510 
511 
512 
513 
514 
515 
516 
517 
518 
519 
520 
521 
522 
523 
524 
525 
526 
527 
528 
529 
530 
531 
532 
533 
534 
535 
530 



||537 
#f 538 



Song 



539 
510 
511 
542 
543 
544 
545 
546 
547 
548 
549 
550 

Jf 551 
|fi552 
^ 1553 
1^ 554 
Si 1555 
^556 






dbb 
13 



% 



Sd 

Sii 

SCi* 

Sui 

Suk 

Sun 

Siin 

Sung 

Sut 

Sijt 

Sz 

Td 

T'd 

Tai 

T'ai 

Tdi 

T'di 

Tak 

Tarn 

T'am 

Tdm 

T'dm 

Tan 

T'an 

Tdn 

T'dn 

Tang 

T'ang 

Tap « 

Tdp 

T'dp 

Tat 

Tdt 

T'dt 

Tau 

T'au 

T6 

T6ung 

T6uk 

Ti 

Tik 

Tek 

T'ik 

Tim 

T'im 

Tin 

T'in 

Ting 



W 



557 

558 
559 
560 
561 
562 
663 
564 
565 
566 
567 
568 
569 
570 
571 
572 
573 
574 
575 
576 
577 
578 
579 
680 
581 
582 
583 
584 
585 
586 
687 
588 
589 
690 
591 
592 
593 
594 
695 
596 
697 
598 
599 
600 
601 
602 
603 



g| Teng 



ring 

T'eng 

Tip 

T'ij) 

Tit 

T'it 

Titi 

T'iii 

To 

T'o 

T6 

T'6 

Toi 

T'oi 

Tok 

T'ok 

Tom 

Tong 

T'ong 



jg|604 
fjg 1605 
^ 600 
iWi 607 
^ 608 
Vk «09 
7] |610 

m 'fill 

^ 012 
1;,613 
7/614 

^615 
1^616 

^617 

^619 
^ 620 



Ts'ik 

Tsim 

Ts'im 

Tsin 

Ts'in 

Tsing 

Ts'cng 

Tsip 

Ts'ip 

Tsit 

Ts'it 

Tsiu 

Ts'm 

Tso 

Ts'o 

Tso 

Ts'5 

Tsoi 

Ts'oi 

Tsok 

Ts'ok 

Tsong 

Ts'ong 




653 

654 
|655 
656 
^ 057 
j^658 
^ 659 
;^ 660 
^ 061 
% 062 
^ 063 

ti fi65 
;^ 666 
^067 
n G68 
.^ 069 
^|070 
I?t671 
# |G72 
^673 
^674 
^675 
ja 676 
^677 
Pj|078 
^579 
p 980 
U 681 
J£ 682 
ji683 
1^ 684 
#685 
:^ 086 
i^ 687 
^ 688 
% 689 
$ 690 
0^ 691 
:|g;692 
^j693 
tfg'69i 
l|!^ 095 

m\ 

:tti696 
^ ,697 
^698 
% 699 
JJ&700 



Tun 
Tun 

Tung 
T'ung 
Tut 
T'ut 

X^ 

Ci 

Uk 

Un 

tn 

Ung 

tt 

tt 

Wd 

Wai 

Wdi 

Wdk 

Wan 

Wdn 

Wang 

Wdng 

Wat 

Wdt 

Wik 

Wing 

Wit* 

Wo 

Wok 

Wong 

Yd 

Yai 

Ydk 

Yam 

Yan 

Yap 

Yat 

Yau 

Y6 

Yduk 

Ydung 

Yik 

Yeng 

Ying 

Yui 

Yuk 

Yun 

Yung 



Zu 

m 

m 

m 
m 



* Sounds without characters. 



—*^SUia^>«f^f::»-»->- — 



If we add to those the syllables terminating in cng instead of »'h/7, under which head they are at pre- 
sent placed, tluMi we have 729 syllables or words repivsenting fhe whole material for oral communication. 
Among these there are for the lirst thi-ee tone's 381; for the loiirth 187; and aspirated words 158. 



INTRODUCTION. 



11 



In subdividing the aspirated words and by adding them to the first two classes, we get 498 syllables 
for the first three tones, and 231 for the second. 498 multiplied by 6 (three upper and three lower tones) 
give 2,988 syllables; the 231 multiplied by 2 (the higher and lower fourth tone) give 462 syllables, and 
the two together a total of 3,450 different sounds. 

Upon closer examination we find, however, a different result; for not half the syllables assume all 
the 6 tones of the first class, nor the two of the second, as will be seen from the following table: — 

Table slicwiii* the Exact Nniiiber of Words 

IN THE 























A 


. . i 


'd 


• • • 


d' 


• * • 


. • i 


■• . » 


Total 


,3 


A^ 




%i 


. • . 


ai' 


• > . 


• * . 


. . . 


jj 


3 


c^i 


. . . 


1 


* . . 


di' 


... 


• . • 


■ . • 


j» 


2 








* . t 


... 




ak. 




»> 


1 


. . * j 


... 


... 


... 


... 


••• 


dk. 


... 


>> 


1 


\ 




'am 




... 




... 


"[ 


)) 


1 




... 


'am 




... 


. . • 


. . . 


... 


>> 


1 




... 




. . . 


dn' 


. . ■ 


■ . • 


• . • 


>9 


1 


cAng 


. . . 


'ang 


. . « 


ang' 


• . t 


• . . 


... 


J> 


3 


,Ang 


... 


... 


... 


... 




... 


... 


>J 


1 


... 


... 




... 


• • • 


... 


ap, 
dp. 


... 


it 


1 
1 


... 


.•• 


... 




* .« 


. . * 


at, 


. . * 


ft 


1 


... 


... 


... 




i 


. . • 


dt. 


. . • 


» 


1 


<Au 


... 


'au 


■ ■ • 


au' 


... 


... 


• . . 


)> 


3 


,Au 


. . . 


'du 


... 


du' 


... 


... 


... 


JJ 


3 


,Chd 


... 


'chd 


... 


chd' 




... 


... 


,9 


3 


,Ch'a 


jch'd 


■ • * 


... 


ch'd' 




... 




99 


3 


,Chai 


• • ( 


. . > 


■ • • 


chai' 


chai" 




... 


99 


3 


.Chai 




• > * 


■ • . 


chai' 


chdi' 


... 


... 


99 


3 


.ChYii 


^ch'di 


'ch'di 




ch'di' 

• . « 




chak, 
ch'ak. 


... 


99 
99 

99 


4 
1 
1 


... 




... 




• •« 


. . . 


chdk, 


chdk^ 


99 


2 




> . • 




. ■ * 


• * ■ 




ch'dk. 


. • • 


99 


1 


,Cham 


■ ■ • 


'cham 


... 


cham' 


cham^ 


. . « 


... 


99 


4 


• • « 


jCh'am 


'ch'am 


■ • . 


ch'am' 


... 


... 


... 


99 


3 


* • * 




'chdm 


. • • 


chdm' 


chdm- 


. • . 


... 


99 


3 


■ ■ • 


jCh'dm 


. . . 


... 


ch'am' 


... 


. • ■ 


■ ■ • 


99 


2 


^Chan 


• . • 




. . ■ 


chan' 


chan- 


. . • 


> * . 


99 


3 


.Ch'an 


^ch'an 


'ch'an 


• * . 


ch'an' 




... 


... 


99 


4 


• • • 


• * • 


'chdn 


. . • 


. . • 


chdn' 


... 


• . • 


99 


2 


• . • 


• • ■ 


'ch'an 


^ch'dn 


• • • 


.-i . 


• . 


.... 


99 


2 


^Chang 




• * • 


... 


chang' 


... 


* ■ • 


... 


1 99 


2 


,Chdng 




. . . 


• >. 


■ •• 


chdng^ 


■ . • 


. * ■ 


99 


2 


.Ch'dng 


^ch'Ang 


... 


... 


... 


... 


chap, 


... 


99 
99 


2 

1 


... 


... 






... 


• • * 


chdp. 


chdp^ 


J9 


2 


... 


••• 


... 


... 


■• . 


..• 


ch'dp. 


• .« 


99 


1 


... 


••• 


• «• 


• * t 


•• . 


■ •• 


chat. 


chatj 


99 


2 


... 


9*« 


• •• 


■ • • 


. »•• 


• • « 


chdt, 


... 


JJ 


1 


. .. 


• •• 


>• a 


• • « 


• . . 


• • • 


ch'dt. 


. * • 


99 


1 


,Ch'au 


• « • 


*chau 


'... 


chau' 


chau^ 


, . * 


■ • . 


J9 


4 


ph'au 


jCh'au 


'ch'au 


\ai'au 


tjh'au' 


... 


* . • 


■ . * 


J> 


5 


phAu 


• ■ • 


'chdu 


i 


chdu' 


»•# 


»»f 


f » • 


;; 


3 



15 



t^^TI^ODTJctION. 



Table shewing the Exact Nvmher of Words in 


the Caaiton Dialect.- 


—Continued. 


.Ch'du 


jCh'Au 1 


'ch'du 


1 


ch'du' 








Total, 4 


.Ch6 


'V 


*ch6 


1 


ch6* 




... 


... 


„ 3 


,Ch'e 


• • • 

• • • 


'ch'6 

1 


1 


■ ■ ■ 


I 


ch6uk, 
ch'6uk, i 


• •• 


» 2 
„ 1 
.. 1 


,Ch6uiig 


••• 


'ch6ung 


... 

1 


cli(5ung' 


ch^ung^ 


> > • 


... 


„ 4 


jCh'cung 


jCh'^ung 






ch'<3ung' 




... 


• . ■ 


. „ 3 


.Chi 


I 


*chi 


... 


chf ' 


chi' 


• . • 


* • • 


., 4. 


,Ch'i 


jCh'i 

• • « 

• • • 


'ch'i 


... 


ch'i' : 

1 


... 


chik, 
ch'ik, 


. • • 

chikj 
ch'ikj 


„ 4. 
.. 2 
„ 2 


,Chim 


... 


'ch'fm 




cliim' 

i 
1 


... 


... •! 


1 


„ 2 
„ 1 


.Chin 


jCh'in 


'chin 


... 


chin' 


••• 


... 


. *« 


„ 3 
„ 1 


<Ching 


. . * 


'ching 


. . . 


ching' 


■ • • 


, , , 


• • • 


„ 3 


,Ch'ing 


jCh'lng 


'ch'ing 


• • < 


ch'ing' 


ch'ing^ 


. . • 


• > • 


„ 5 


• ■ ■ 


... 


... 


... 




i 


chip, 
chit, 
ch'it. 


• • a 


„ 1 
„ 1 


Chiu 


, . , 


'chili 


... 


chill' 


chiu' 


... 


• • • 


„ 4 


.Ch'id 


jCh'iu 


'cho 


... 


cho' 


ch6' . 


... 


'" 


.. 2 
,. 3 


,Ch'o 


jCh'o 


'ch'o 


... 


... 


... 


... 


chokj 


„ 3 
1 " ^ 


.Chong 


jChong 


• ' • * 


. . . 


chong' 


chong' 


. . • 




„ 4 


.Ch'ong 


jCh'ong 


'ch'ong 


. ■ . 


ch'ong' 




* •■ 


. . * 


.. 4 


.Chii 


. . • 


'chu 


... 


chii' 


chii' 


• . « 


• • • 


1 „ 4 


. < . 


jCh'u 


'ch'ii 


^ch'ii 


ch'u' 


... 


... 


... 


., 4 


,C>iui 


• • • 




... 


... 


chui' 


... 


... 


„ 2 


,Ch'ui 


• • • 


'cli'ui 




... 


... 


... 




„ 3 


... 


• • • 


... 


• • • 


... 


... 


chuk, 
ch'uk. 


chuk J 

* • • 


„ 2 

' „ 1 


,Clmn 


■ • • 


'chun 


... 


chun' 


... 


• . « 


... 


» 3 


,Ch'un 


. ■ • 


'ch'un 




... 


... 


... 


... 


» 2 


,Chun 


... 


'cliiin 




... 


chiin' 


... 


... 


,. 3 


,Cli'un 


jCh'iin 


'(•.h'iin 




ch'iin' 


... 


... 


... 


,, 4 


,Chung 


1 ... 


'chung 


. .. 


chung' 


chung' 




... 


» 4 


,Cli'ung 


1 ch'ung 


'ch'ung 


. . i 


ch'ung' 


... 


... 




„ 4 


• • • 


j * 


. . . 


... 


• . • 


... 


chut, 


. . . 


,. 1 


• •■ 


• • • 


... 


■ • « 


• ■ • 


. . . 


ch'ttt. 




,. 1 


. 


... 


. .. 




... 




chat. 


... 


„ 1 


.^" 


• • • 


. . . 


... 


... 


... 


• > ■ 


1 • • • 


,. 1 


.FA 


• •• 


... 


• . 1 


fd' 


. . • 


i 


> . • 


„ 2 


;j?ai 


■ •• 


... 


... 


fai' 


fai' 


• ■ • 


> • • 


„ 3 


. • ■ 


• • « 


... 


... 


fdi' 


• • • 


• . • 


. . • 


i ,. 1 


,Fan 


jfan 


'fan 


^fan 


fan' 


... 


• • • 


... 


! .. 5 


,Fdn 


,fdn 


'fj^,Tl 




fdu' 


i fan' 


• • t 


■ • • 


., 5 


• • • 


• •« 


... 


... 


... 


... 


fat. 


fat. 


1 ,.. 2 


• ■ • 


• « t 


... 


... 


• . • 


• • • 


fdt. 


ftt, 


» 2 


,rau 


/au 


'fan 


* . . 




fau' 


■ • a 


■ ■ • 


., 4 


,FI 


s« 


'fi 


. . . 


... 


n' 


... 


• •• 


.. 4 




• • ■ 




... 


II* 


• . • 


\ ftk. 


• • • 


i » 1 


• •• 


• • • 


• > • 




• >• 


fins' 


• • ■ 


** • 


! » ^ 


.Fo 


• • • 


'fo 


... 


fo' 

• • I 


... 


fok, 






,Fong 


/oug 


fong 


... 


fong'- 


• •• 


»•• 




i! » 4 



INTRODUCTION^, 



13 



Table shewing the Exact Number of JFords in the Canton Dialect. — Continued. 



.Fiii 

,Fun 
^Fung 



cHang 
.Hdng 



,Hau 

^H^ung 
,Hing 



.Hid 
.Ho 
.H6 
,Hoi 

^6m 

.Hon 

.Hong 



,Hu 
.Hd 

,Huu 
.Hung 

Hw6 

•i- 

.In 



M 

.Kd 
.Kai 
.K'ai 
Kdi 



,Kam 



/li 



/ung 



;id 

jhai 

,hdi 



jhdm 

jhan 

jhdn 

jhang 

jhang 



I i 



hau 



,ho 
lioi 



jhbm 

jhon 

hong 



hung 



.in 



,iti 



'f6 



fd 
fdi 



'fun 
'fung 



'hai 



••lian 



'hang 



'hau 
'hdu 



'h^ung 
'hi 



'hid 
'ho' 
'h5 
'hoi 

'h6m 
'hon 



liu 



'hun 
'hung 



'i 

'im 

'In 



'id 

'kd 

'kai 

'k'ai 

'kdi 

'k'di 

'kam 



ift'. 



■fd 



^hd 
-hdi"' 



'hbm 
^hon 



Hn 



'id 



*kai 



fd' 
fdi' 

fdn' 



hdm' 



hdu' 

h6ung' 

hi' 

hing' 



hid' 
h6'"" 

h6m' 
hon' 
^ hong' 

hu'" 

hii'n' 
hung' 



im' 

In' 



id' 

kd' 

kai' 

k'ai' 

kai' 



kam' 



.',2 



fd 



fung' 

hd^ ' 

hai" 

hdi' 



hdm' 
han' 
hdn' 
hang' 



hau' 
hdu' 



ho' 
W 
hoi' 

h6m' 

hon' 

hong' 



i' 

im' 

in' 



id' 

kai' 



fuk 



fdt 



hok, 
hdk 



hap, 
hd.p, 
hat 



hit, 
hit 



hok. 



hot 



huk 



hut 



It. 



kdk. 



kam' 



fuk. 



hdp^ 
hat 



hok. 



h6p, 



huk. 



it 



Total, 6 





3 




2 




3 




4 




1 




4 




3 




4 




1 




1 




3 




3 




3 




4 




2 




1 




2 




2 




4 




4 




1 




3 




3 




2 




1 




1 


„ 


3 




4 




5 




4 




2 




6 




6 




4 




1 




1 




3 




1 




2 




3 




4 




1 




1 




6 




6 




G 




2 




2 




6 




3 




4 




3 




4 




1 




1 




4 



14 



INTRODUCTION, 



Table shewing the Exact 


Number of Words in the Canton Dialect 


— Contintted. 


.K'am 


' jk'am 


'k'am 


'k'am 




a a • 






Total, 4 


,Kdm 


* 


*kdm 


. • • 


kdm' 






... 


, .. 3 


,Kan 


• ■ • 


'kan 




kan' 


kan* 


... 


... 


1 
1 


, 4 


• • • 


pc'an 


• • ■ 


a • . 




■ • > 


... 


aa. 


1 


, 1 


.K4n 




*kA,Ti 


• • % 


k4ii' 




... 


a.a 


1 


, 3 


<Kang 


... 


*kang 


• a . 


kang' 


• a a 


. • . 


... 




, 3 


• •• 


... 


... 


a • • 


k'ang' 


a.a 


... 


a a a 


1 \ 


, 1 


... 


• • a 


... 


• a« 


kdng' 


a.a 






\ , 


, 1 


• •« 




... 


a • a 


... 


.•a 


kap, 


. ■ • 




, 1 


• • a 


• • • 


.« « 


... 


a.a 


a a a 


k'ap. 


k'ap, 




, 2 


• • • 


... 


... 


a a a 


a a a 




klip, 


... 




, 1 


• « • 




. . . 


a a a 


• a a 




kat, 


kftt 




> 2 


• a • 


... 


... 


« .• 






k'at, •• 


c 




, 1 


,Kau 


. * ■ 


*kau 




kau' 


kau*' 


a.a 


... 


1 

1 » 


, 4 


,K'au 


,k'au 


• • • 


^k'Jiu 


k'au' 


a a« 


• • a 


... 


I 


> 4 


,Kdu 


sk&u 


*kdu 


a a i 


kdu' 






... 


1 


, 4 


... 


... 


«.« 


a. a 


k'du' 


aa a 


... 


• • ■ 




, 1 


• • • 


• • ■ 


• * • 




k6' 


**• 


• a a 




1 . 


, 1 


. • • 


,k'6 


• .« 




a a a 


a a a 




a a a 




, 1 


• f • 








• •• 




k6tik, 


• ■ a 




, 1 


• .• 


• • • 


• • • 








k'4uk 


... 




, 1 


.K6ung 


. • • 


• • • 


... 






..a 






, 1 


• • « 


jk'^ung 


• • • 


^k'^'ung 






a.a 


• a • 




, 2 


<Ki 


• ■ • 


'kl 


. 


kl'"" 


ki*""' 


. • a 


• •• 




> 4 


,K'i 


,k'i 


'k'i 


^k'i"' 


k'f 


a a a 




... 




> 5 


... 




■ ( • 


• a a 


... 


a . I 


kik^' 


kik^ 




, 2 


* • . 


• .. 


• • • 


a a a 


... 




a a • 


kik, 




, 1 


.Kim 


• ■ • 


Tcim 


... 


kfm' 


kini"* 


... 


. . • 




> 4 




jk'im 


... 


• a a 






a •• 








, 1 


.Kin 


• . ■ 


Tcin 


. a a 


kin'" 


kin"*' 


... 








, 4 


• • • 


jk'in 


*k'in 






a • . 










, 2 


.King 


... 


'king 


■ • • 


king' 


king* 


a • . 








> 4 


<K'ing 


sk'ing 


'k'ing 


• • a 


... 












, 3 


... 


• . • 


... 


a • a 


... 


• • m 


kip, 


kip, 




, 2 


• • • 


• •• 


... 


... 


• • 


. • a 


kit, 
k'it. 


kit, 

... 




, 2 
, 1 


.Kiii 


y'ii 


Tcitt 


^kiii" 


kid' 
k'id' 


... 


a . . 








, 4 
, 2 


.Ko" 


.«• 


. * i 


... 


ko' 












, 2 


.K6 


» 4 « 


\h 


a a a 


kb' 












, 3 


,Koi 


... 


'koi 








a . . 








, 2 


. . • 


• • • 


... 


. • • 


k'oi'' 




a.a 








, 1 


t • • 


• • • 


... 


■ a « 


... 


a a a 


kok, 
k'ok, 








, 1 
, 1 


,K6m 


• •< 


*k6m 


• a a 


kdin' 












> 3 


,Kon 


..• 


*kon 


■ at 


kon' 




a a a 








> 3 


.Kong 


• • • 


*kong 


. • • 


kong' 


• a a 


a.a 








> 3 


.K'ong 


. * • 


'k'ong 




k'ong' 


• aa 


. . . 








> 3 


. • • 


• • * 


... 


... 




a.a 


k6p. 








, 1 


• at 


• • • 


a . • 


a . • 


... 


■ . a 


kot 








, 1 


.Kd 


..* 


'k<i 


a a a 


kd' 


. < * 


> 
a ■ a 








, 3 


.Ktt 


. • t 


'kii 


' 


kil' 


kii* 


a.a 








> 4 


,K'tt 


.k'tt 


* . * 


^k'u" 


• a a 


• aa 


• aa 




• • 




, 3 


.Ki\ 


■ • « 


• •a 


a at 


• a a 


• •• 


• •• 








, 1 


... 




'kfxi 


• • • 


a.a 


kdi* 


• •• 








, 2 






... 


• • • 




... 


kuk. 


kuk, 




, 2 


,Kttn 


. . • 


Tcim 


• • • 


kan' 


kan* 


,,. 




1 




, 4 



INTRODUCTION. 



15 



Table shewing 


the FuToct Nmvher of Words in the Canton Dialect. 


— Continued. 




^k'lTTI 








... 




• • a 


Total, 1 


.Klin 


• • • 


Tciin 




,, 


kdn' 


* ■ ■ 


• a ■ 


« 


„ 3 


Kung 


.k'ung 


'kung 




• • 


kung' 


kung^ 


kiit. 


... 


» 4 
» 1 
„ 1 




■ • • 


• • • 






... 


* ■ ■ 


kiit, 




» 1 


,K\vd 


• ■ • 


*kwd 






kwd' 


a .a 


... 




» 3 


.K'w^ 


• • • 


... 








... 






» 1 


jKwai 


• > ■ 


Tcwai 




, , 


kwai' 


kwai' 






» 4 


,Kw'ai 


.kw'ai 




^k^ 


r'ai 


kw'ai' 


... 


• ■ • 


... 


» 4 


,Kwai 




'kwai 






kwdi' 


• • a 


. . . 


. a a 


» 3 


. 


... 


A 




... 


• > ■ 


■ < > 


kwdk. 


a .a 


„ 1 


^Kwan 


. . . 


^w 






kwan' 


kwan^ 


> > • 


a • . 


» 3 


^Kw'an 


jkw'an 


'kw'an 






kw'an' 


■ • • 


■ • a 


, , , 


» 4. 


^Kwdn 


• • « 


a aa 




. > . 


kwdn' 


a • a 


■ • a 


. . a 


» 2 


^Kwang 


... 


... 




... 


kwdng' 


... 


... 


... 


» 1 
» 1 


.Kw'ang 


... 


'kw'dng 




■ • 


• • a 


. . • 


... 


... 


» 2 


... 


. .. 


... 




, , 




■ • a 


kwat. 


... 


» ^ 


... 


... 


... 




•• 


... 


... 


kwdt, 
kwik. 


... 


» 1 
» 1 


^Kwing 


... 


'kwing 




•• 


... 


... 


kwit. 


.... 


» 2 
» 1 


,Kwo 


• • • 


*kwo 




, , 


kwo' 




• • • 


"... 


» 3 


. . - 


• ■ ■ 






, , 


* > • 




kwok. 


..... 


» 1 


,Kwong 


.kw'ong 


'kwong 




•• 


kwong' 


... 


... 


... 


» 3 
„ 1 


.m" 


> ■ • 


'Id'" 




, , 


Id' 


... 


■ ■ ■ 




» 3 




jlai 


*lai 


-lai 




• ■ ■ 


lai^ 


..a 


... 


» 4. 


.Ldi 


Jdi 


... 




• a 


idr 


Idi^ 


• ■ a 


... 


» 4 


• ■ ■ 








.. 


... 




lak. 


lak^ 


» 2 


• a ■ 


. .. 


, ., 










Idk, 


... 


„ 1 


Jiam 


.lam 


... 


^lam 


lam' 


■ • a 


■ . ■ 


... 


„ 4 


• • • 


.1dm 


'l^m 


-1dm 




Idm^ 


• * ■ 


... 


» 4 


.Lan 


■ ■ • 












... 


„ 1 


,Lan 


jldn 


a a.a 


adn" 




Idn^"' 




... 


» 4 


.Lang 


• • a 




• • t 


lang' 




... 


' 


„ 2 


... 






-Idng 










„ 1 














lap. 


laPi 


» 2 














Idp, 


Idp, 


» 2 


... 












lat, 




» 1 


... 


• • • 




... 


... 






Idi^ 


» 1 


.Lau 


jlau 




-lau 


lau' 


W 


■ • • 




» 5 


.Ldu 














... 


» 1 


JA 








16'"" 






■ • a 


„ 2 




• ■ a 


... 


• * • 






> > a 


16uk, 


„ 1 




.16ung 


'l^ung 


'l^nng 


... 


leung^ 


. . a 


... 


» 4. 


cLi 


?i 




^li 




li^ 


... 


... 


» 4 








... 






lik, 


Ilk, 


» 2 


• ■ • 


^llm 


... 


-llm 


... 


lim' 




... 


» 3 


. . ■ 


.lln 




nin 


.. • 


lin^ 


a . ■ 




» 3 


.Ling 


sling 


... 


jling 




ling^ 




.... 


» 4 


... 




• •• 


■ *' 


a a ■ 


• 




lip, 


» 1 


• • • 


• . t 


• •• 


• • • 


• a • 


• • • 


lit. 


lit, 


» 2 


Jiid 


,M 




^liu 


. *a 


Hu' 




... 


„ 4 


cLo 


slo 


'lo " 




lo' 


lo^ 


... 


.... 


» 5 


P> 


,1^ 


16 


^0 




... 


16^ 


fc.. t- 


... 


» 5 



16 



INTRODUCTION. 



Table shewitig the Exact Number of Word« in the Canton D'uilect. — Continued. 



a • * 


,loi 


• ■ • 


1 


. • ■ 


loi^ 


. . • 


> > . 


Total, 2 


• •. 


A 


• * ■ 








lok. 


lok, 


,. 2 


... 


jlong 


. • . 


'long 


. * • 


long* 


... 1 




„ 3 


... 


Ju 


• • • 


nu 




lii* 




... 


» 3 


M 


> 


■ • • 


... 


lu' 




... 


... 


.. 2 


. . . 


... 


• • . 


^ui 




lui»' 


... 


... 


,. 2 


jLui 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


luk. 


luk^ 


,. 1 
» 2 


Jiun 


jlun 


nun 


... 


... 


lun' 


... 




„ <t 


jLiin 


jlun 


... 


... 


... 


lim* 


\ 




» 3 


^ung 


jlung 




'lung 


. ■ • 


lung* 


... 


... 


,. 4 


• ■ • 


• • • 


... 


• . • 


■ . • 




lut, 


lutj 


,, 2 




. . • 


. < ■ 


. > . 


• ■ • 


... 


lut. 




,, 1 


• < • 


J^ 


• • . 


■ > . 


... 






. .. 


» 1 


,MA 


jind 


... 


^A 


■ > ■ 


md*' 


... 


... 


„ 4, 


,Mai 


^mai 




'mai 


* * '% 


mai* 


... 


... 


„ 4, 


... 


^ndi 


. • . 


^mdi 


... 


mdi* 


... 




» 3 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 




... 


makj j 
mdk, , 


,. 1 
„ 1 


,!Man 


jman 


... 


^an 


man' 


man* 


. ■ • 




,. 5 


Mdn 


jindn 


... 


hndn 


... 


mdn' 


... 


1 


,. 4, 


^Mang 


jinang 


• • ■ 


^ang 


mang' 


mang* 


• •• 




„ 5 


,Mdng 


jmdng 


. • . 


... 








... 


„ 2 


• • • 


• > • 


• • • 




. . . 


... 


mat^ 


matj 


„ 2 


* t ■ 




... 




... 


... 


mdt. 


mdt. 


.. 2 


,Mau 


jinau 
jindu 




^mau 
Snau 


... 


mau* 
mau* 




... 


» 4 
» 3 


,M6 


• • * 


w' 




• • . 


. • • 




• • > 


,. 2 


... 


jineng 


... 


. • ■ 


... 


... 


. .. 


mek^ 


., 1 
» 1 


,Mi 


,ml 


. • . 


w 




mi* 




... 


» 4 


• • ♦ 




... 




... 


... 


... 


mikj 


,. 1 


. • • 


jTnln 


. . . 


'mln 


... 


mln* 


... 


. .. 


,. 3 


... 


,ming 


... 


'ming 


• • • 


ming* 


mit^ 


mit, 


.. 3 


. . * 


jmili 




^mid 


... 


miu* 


... 


... 


» 3 


.Mo 


jino 


*mo 


• • • 




mo* 


... 


... 


„ i 


> ■ • 


jinb 


■ • • 


hah 


... 


m6* 


... 




» 3 


■ • « 


• • • 


... 


... 




• . • 


mok. 


mok, 


.. 2 


,Mong 


jHiong 


t ■ ■ 


hnong 




mong* 


. .. 


. • > 


' .. * 


.Miii 


... 


■ • • 


*mui 


... 


miii* 


... 


mukj 


,. 4 
„ 1 


,Mdn 


jinun 




'mun 


. •• 


mi'in* 




. . • 


» A 


,Mung 


jinung 


... 


. . • 




mung* 






» 3 


• • • 


. .. 


... 


... 




... 


miit, 


mdt, 


,. 2 


,Nd 


,nA 


VijS 


• • • 


*.• 


nd* 


■ ■ . 




„ 1 




jUai 


. . . 


• • • 


. •• 


* .« 


. • . 




,. 1 


,N4i 


... 


... 


*nAi 


n&i> 


ndi* 




• • 1 


.. I 


• •• 


... 


... 


... 


• • • 




nak, 


• • ■ 


,. 1 


• •« 


jTiam 




*nam 


• . . 


nam* 


1 ' * ' 




,. 3 


• •• 


jiidm 


'ndm 




ndm* 




. ( • 




,. 3 


,Nn,Ti 


• •• 


*nan 




• • • 


... 


. • ■ 


* . • 




• •• 


p&D. 


*nAn 


• • • 


n&n* 


ndn* 


• . * 


... 


„ A 


• %• 


,nang 


^nang 


• .. 


... 


■ • • 


... 


... 


.. 2 


... 


• •• 


• •• 


• « ■ 






nap. 


nap, 


,, 2 


• • • 


• •• 


• • • 


... 


. • • 


• •• 


... 


ndp, 


.. 1 


• •« 


• •• 


• •« 


• . • 


. .• 


• «• 


nat, 




„ 1 



INTRODUCTION. 



17 



Table shewmg the Exact Nvmher of Words tn the Canton Dialect. 


— Gmitinued. 












... 


ndt. 


ndtj 


Total, 2 


jNau 


. < < 


'nau 


. ■ • 




nau^ 


... 


... 


» 3 


• • * 


jUdu 




Tidu 


... 


Tidu^ 


• 


. . . 


» 3 


.N6 




... 




... 


> • • 


... 


... 


„ 1 


... 


• ■ • 


'neng 


. . ■ 


. .. 


... 


... 


... 


„ 1 


... 


jiidng 


... 




... 


... 


... 


... 


» 1 


<Ng 


<ngd 


... 


^g 
^gd 


... 


ng^ 
ngd^ 


... 


... 


» 4 
» 3 


,Ngai 


sngai 




-ngai 


... 


ngai^ 


... 


... 


„ 4. 




^gdi 






... 


ngdi' 


... 


... 


„ 3 


... 




... 


... 


... 


... 


ngak. 


ngdkj 


„ 1 
» 1 


... 


jngam 





... 


ngam' 


• •• 


... 


... 


» 2 


,Ngd,m 


^ngdm 


• • ■ 


... 




ngdm^ 


... 


... 


». 3 


cNgan 


jngan 
jngan 


... 


%gdn 


ngan' 


ngan^ 
ngdn^ 


... 


. .. 


„ 3 


. . . 


• > • 


... 


■ • . 


. .. 


ngdng' 


... 


... 


'» 1 


... 








... 


. .. 


ngap, 


ngap^ 


» 2 


... 


... 




... 


... 


••• 


ng% 


ngat, 


» 1 
„ 1 


... 


• ■ • 


. . • 


... 




... 


ngdt. 


ngdt^ 


M 2 


<Ngau 


^ngau 


. . * 


^gau 


... 


ngau^ 


... 


• • . 


« 4 


,Ngdu 


<ngau 




'ngdu 


... 


ngau 


... 


... 


„ 4 


.Ngi 




... 




... 


... 


... 


... 


„ 1 






... 




... 




... 


ngit, 


„ 1 


... 


jngo 


. • • 


^go 


... 


ngo^ 


... 


... 


„ 3 


... 


s^g^ 


... 


• • • 


• • • 


ng6^ 


... 


... 


„ 2 


... 


jngoi 




■ >• 


... 


ngoi^ 


... 


T 


„ 2 


... 




• • • 


..; 


... 


... 


... 


ngok, 


„ 1 


... 


. . • 


... 


... 


... 


ngon^ 


... 


• • . 


„ 1 


... 


jngong 


. >. 


. •• 


ngong' 


... 


... 


... 


» 2 


<Ni 


P^ 


... 


^ni 


■ . • 


ni^ 


... 


... 


„ 4 




i 


• * • 




• •■ 


... 


nik. 


nik. 


„ 2 


^Nim 


,niin 


■ ■ . 




• . • 


nim^ 


... 




„ 3 


.Nin 


jUin 


'nin 




• • • 


... 


... 




» 3 


<Ning 


.ning 




... 


... 


ning* 


... 


... 


„ 3 






• ■ ( 


... 


... 




... 


nlp^ 


„ 1 


... 




• . • 




... 


... 


... 


nit^ 


» 1 


.NM 


... 


• • • 


^d 


... 


nid^ 


... 


. . . 


„ 3 


• . . 


jUO 


• ■• 


TIO 


... 


no* 


... 




» 3 


• • • 


,n6 




%6 


... 


n6* 


... 


... 


„ 3 


... 




• « * 




.. . 


noi* 


... 


... 


» 1 


■ • ■ 




• ■ ■ 




... 


... 


... 


n.o\ 


>y 1 


... 


jnong 


... 


^ong 


... 


.. i 


... 


... 


» 2 






. •■ 


^ii 


.. • 


nil* 


... 


... 


» 2 


... 


... 


... 


%un 


... 


niin* 


nuk. 


nukj 


» 2 
» 2 


.Nung 


jnung 


... 




... 


... 


... 


... 


„ 2 


... 








... 


... 


... 


nutj 


» 1 


P 




... 




. • • 


... 


... 


... 


,, 1 


;o 




% 




6' 




. . • 


. ■ • 


„ 3 


pi 




'oi 




or 


• • • 


... 


. • ■ 


» 3 






... 




... 


• * • 


ok. 


■ ■ * 


» 1 


,0m 




•6m 


... 


6m' 


. • • 




• • • 


» 3 


Pn 




• •• 


... 


on' 


• . • 


... 


... 


» 2 


Png 


... 


... 


. . . 


... 


... 


It 


• 1 1 


„ X 


,P6 


»»■ 


^i 


r • • 


pd' 


pd* 


... 


tff 


» 4 



18 



INTRODUCTION. 



Table shewing the Exact 


Number of tVorda in tlie Canton Dialect. 


— Continued. 


.FA 


sP'A 


• . • 


. . . 


p'A' 


... 


... 


• • • 


Total, 3 


^ai 




... 


... 


pai' 


pai* 


a. a 


• •• 


.. 3 


,P'ai 


... 


• •* 


»p'ai 


... 


* •• 


• a • 


m mm 


,. 2 


... 


... 


*p&i 


... 


pAi' 


pAi» 


mm 9 


a • a 


., 3 


.P'di 


sP'^ 


• •• 


• • • 


p'Ai' 


..« 


... 


, , , 


., 3 


• • • 


• ■ • 


• •« 


• . • 


... 


• a • 


pak. 


• a* 


.. 1 


• • « 


... 


• •• 


• . • 


... 


a • < 


pAk. 


pAkj 


„ 2 


... 


... 


• • a 


... 


a a • 


... 


p'Ak, 




» 1 


^an 


... 


^an 


. • • 


pan' 


pan^ 


... 


• a« 


M 4 


• ■ • 


^p'an 


... 


'p'an 


• . • 


p'an' 


• aa 


a a a 


« 8 


.Pdn 




'pAn 


• . • 


pAn' 


pAn» 


a a a 


• as 


,. 4 


.P'6n 


• • • 


... 


... 


p'An' 


... 


m •• 


• •• 


» 2 


.Pang 


... 


... 


... 


• *• 


pang* 


a a a 


• •• 


,. 2 


.P'ang 


sP'ang 


... 


• • • 


• * a 




... 


• • • 


» 2 


• •• 


... 


... 


*pdng 


... 


pAng* 


a a a 


a** 


« 2 


... 


jP'Ang 


... 


• . * 


... 


... 


a a a 


... 


„ 1 


• • • 


■ ■ • 


... 


■ •• 




... 


pat. 


pat^ 


., 2 


• • • 


• • • 


... 


• •• 


... 


... 


p'at. 




„ 1 


• • « 


... 




• • • 


... 


... 


pAt, 


p4 


„ 2 


,Pau 


« •■ 




. « • 


... 


pau* 


... 


• a a 


.. 2 


• •• 


■ . • 


*p'au 


• ■ • 


... 




... 


• mm 


„ 1 


.Pdu 


. . . 


'pdu 


. * ■ 


pAu' 




a a a 


a a a 


>. 3 


.P'du 


j)'du 


•p'Au 


• • • 


p'Au' 


... 


• • » 


• •• 


.> 4, 


<P6 




• a • 


t . • 


... 


p6» 


... 


a*. 


>, 2 


^ 




'pi 




pi* 


Pi^ 


... 




M 4 


.P'l 


J^'i 


'P'i 


Vi 


P'i' 




... 


,,, 


,. 6 


• '• 




• •• 




a • ■ 




pik. 


a a a 


« 1 


• ■ • 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


p'ik. 


• mm 


,. 1 


.Pin 




*pln 


... 


pin' 


pin' 


a.. 


• mm 


u 4 


.P'in 


,p'in 


... 




p'in' 




a a a 


a • • 


,. 8 


.Ping 


... 


*ping 


... 


ping' 


ping* 


% • • 


• a a 


„ 4 


cP'ing 


sP'ing 


... 


• •• 


p'ing' 


... 


... 


... 


., 3 


... 




... 


... 


... 




pit. 


pil, 


„ 2 


... 


• > . 


... 


. • ■ 




... 


p'it. 


... 


.. 1 


.Pid 


... 


'pid 


• • • 




piA' 


... 


... 


,. 8 


.P'iii 


j)'iii 


... 


*p'iA 


p'iu' 




... 


... 


,. 4, 


cPo 




• • • 


• • . 


po' 


• a a 


... 


... 


„ 2 


.P'o 


sP'o 


^'0 


• • . 


p'o' 


* a a 


... 


... 


., 4 


<P^ 




<p6 


• • a 


pb' 


p6* 




... 


,. 4 


.P'6 


sP'i»' 


V6 


yb 


p'b' 




... 


... 


„ 6 


... 




• •• 




... 


a aa 


pok, 


pokj 


.. 2 


... 




■ . • 


• •• 


... 


• • • 


p'ok, 


aaa 


„ 1 


.P6m 


. . . 


. . . 




. . . 


a . a 


a a • 


• a. 


,. 1 


.Pong 


... 


•pong 


. • . 


... 


• a a 


. a a 


a a « ' 


.. 2 


... 


jP'ong 


• « • 


*p'ong 


p'ong' 


a • a 


..a 


aaa 


„ 3 


.Pui 


... 


• • • 


. . • 


pdi' 


pdi' 


• a a 


aaa 


.. 3 


.P'iii 


J)'Ai 


• •• 


ytii 


p'iii' 


• aa 


mm* 




„ 4 


• • « 


... 


... 


■ . • 


... 


a a a 


puk. 


pukj 


„ 2 


.Pun 


... 


•piin 


• a . 


pdn' 


pdn' 


... 


... 


„ 4 


,P'un 


.P'un 


... 


a ■ « 


p'dn' 


a a • 


• a* 


... 


» 3 


... 


... 


'pung 


• ■ • 


pung' 


pung* 


... 


aaa 


„ 3 


.P'ung 


yung 


... 


• •• 


... 


a a • 


a aa 


... 


,. 2 


... 


• • . 


... 


... 


... 


a a a 


pdt, 


pdt^ 


„ 2 


... 


• • • 


... 


• a • 




a a a 


• • • 


p'dt, 


„ 1 


<8& 


... 


<84 


• •• 


. .• 


• *• 


• •» 


• • • 


.. 2 


.Sai 


• • • 


W 


f • t 


sai' 


• • t 


• a • 


• • a 


.. 3 


.8^ 


♦•• 


'sAi 


f •• 


^ 


• •• 


• a* 


... 


« 3 



mTitoi)tci:iOK. 



19 



Table shewing the Exact Number of H^ords in the Canton Dialect 


— Continued. 




... 


... 






• • ■ 


■ • • 


sak, 




Total, 1 


jSam 


. , 




. •• 


'sam 


• •• 


... 




... 




2 


p&m 


. . 




• •• 


... 


• • • 






... 




1 


,San 


.. 




■ • • 


... 


• a • 






... 




1 


... 






*sa,n 


... 


san' 


a • a 


. .. 


... 




2 


,Sang 


• • 




... 


... 


sang* 


• a a 


... 


... 




2 


... 


• • 




... 


... 


... 


• > • 


sap, 


... 




1 


... 


.. 




... 


... 


• . • 


... 


sdp. 


... 


if V 


1 


• • • 


• . 




... 




• . . 


• • • 


sat, 


... 




1 


... 


.. 






... 


... 


• . a 


s6t 






1 


^u 


.. 




*sau 


... 


sau' 


... 


i 


... 




3 


.86 


.. 




*86 


... 


B& 


... 




... 




3 


.Seng 


•• 




... 


... 


seng' 


• • • 


a a a 


... 




2 


... 


•• 




• . • 


... 


• • • 


... 


s6uk, 


... 




1 


,S6ung 


• • 




*s4iing 


... 


s^ung' 


... 




... 




3 


,Shd 


• • 




*shd 


... 


• • • 


. . . 




... 




2 ^ 


,Shai 


.. 




'shai 


... 


shai' 


shai^ 




... 




4 


• ■ • 


• • 




... 


*shdi 


8h4,i' 


• ■ • 




... 




2 


... 


• • 




... 


■ . • 


• . • 


.. • 


sdk. 


1 




1 


,Sham 


^sham 


'sham 


... 


sham 


sham^ 




... 




5 


.Shdm 


> «• 


• • • 


• • I 




•L-* • 




... 




1 


,Shan 


jShan 


a • • 


*shan 


shau' 


shan' 




... 




5 


.Shdn 


jShdn 


a . • 


... 


shiin' 






.. . 




3 


,Shang 




>•• 


... 


• • « 


... 


... 


. . . 




1 






*8h^g 


... 


• ■• 


... 


... 


... 




1 




... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


shap. 


shdpj 




2 




... 


... 


... 


• a ■ 


... 


shdp. 


... 




1 




... 


... 


... 


• •• 


... 


shat, 
shat. 


shatj 




2 
1 


,Shau 


jShau 


'shau 


... 


shau' 


shau^ 




a a • 




5 


.Shdu 


. • • 


*shdu 


... 


shdu' 


• . * 




a a a 




3 


.Sh6 


,sh6 


'sh6 


^h6 


8h6* 


sh6^ 




a • t 




6 


,Sh6ng 


... 


... 


... 


• •• 


... 


a • • 


• a. 




1 


... 


... 


. . . 


... 


• •« 


... 


shduk. 


*•• 




1 


,Sh6ung 


jShdng 


'sh6ung 


^sh^img 


• • • 


sh^img' 


a a a 


... 




5 


.Shi 


jShi 


'shi 


*shl 


shf 


shi^ 


* * * 


a a • 




6 


• . ■ 


. . • 


• • • 


... 


«• f 


a a • 


shik. 


shikj 




2 


. . . 


jShIm 


'shim 


• *. 


• • t 


a ■ ■ 




... 




2 


.Shin 


jShin 


... 


^hin 


shin' 


shin^ 


• a • 


. .. 




5 


.Shing 


jShing 


'shing 


... 


shing' 


shing* 


• •* 


... 


» 


5 


••• 


... 


... 


... 


a •« 


, , , 


ship, 


... 




1 


... 


... 




... 

... 




. a ■ 


... 




shitj 




1 


.Shid 


... 




'shiti 


... 


shiH' 


shiti* 


a a« 


... 




4 


.Sho 






'sho 


... 


sho' 




... 


. . . 




3 


... 


... 




'sh6 


... 


8h6' 




. . a 






2 


... 


.. 






... 




... 


shok, 


... 




1 


... 


... 




'shong 


... 


... 


a a a 


a a ■ 


... 




1 


,Shu 


jShii 




•sha 


^shii 


Shu' 


shii' 


• aa 


... 




6 


,Shui 


jShtu 


i 


'shui 


... 


shui' 


shvii* 




... 




6 




• . 






... 


• •• 




shuk. 


shukj 




2 


... 


jShiin 


'shun 


... 


• • • 


shun' 


• a a 


• •■ 




3 




jShiin 


«*• 


*shnn 


4 • a 




* •• 


••• 




2 




jShung 


• •• 


• •• 


• •• 


• •• 


• •• 


• •• 




1 




• «« 


• •• 


• •• 


■ •• 


• • • 


a * a 


shutj 




1 




•«• 


• •• 


■ > • 


• a • 


• •• 


shut. 


... 




1 


... 


• •« 


• •• 


• • • 


... 


■ a* 


sik. 


... 




1 


^in 


« •* 




*»In 


• «• 


sin' 


Bin* 


lU 


.w 


» 


4 



ti^¥itODUCtlONi 



Table sheiimg (he Exact Number of Words in 


the Canton Dialed- 


—Continued. 




,Sing 


• •• 


'sing 


• • • 


sing^ 


... \ 


>*• 


• • • 


Total 


,3 


... 


• •• 


... 






... 


sip. 




>f 


1 


... 


. . • 


... 


• • • 




... 


sit. 


1 

1 


»» 


1 


.Siii 


• •• 


'siA 


• . • 


siti* 


• * • 


• • • 


1 


»» 


3 


.So 


• •• 


• • • 


• • • 


• * a 


■ ■ ■ 


... 


j 


»> 


2 


.86 


• •« 


'sb 


.. •' 


s6 


• . • 


... 


1 


»» 


3 


,Soi 


• *• 


... 


• • . 


\ 


. .• 


... 


... 


*> 


1 


... 


• . • 


. . . 


. • • 


• ■ • 


... 


80k, 


1 
1 


>> 


1 


.Song 


• •• 


*8ong 


... 


song' 


■ • • 


• .« 


■ •• 


» 


3 


,86 


• •• 


• ■ . 


■ . • 


stl 


... 


• • • 


• • • 


» 


2 


<Su 


• • « 


• •• 


*su 


* ■ . 


... 


• . • 


• •• 


1) 


2 


... 


,sti 








. . • 


• • • 


• •a 


9} 


1 


,Sui 




*sm 


• • • 


sui' 


sui* 






» 


4 


. * I 


... 


. . . 




. • a 


... 


suk. 


• . a 


l> 


1 


,Sun 


... 


'sun 


• • • 


sun' 


... 


. *• 


• • • 


» 


S 


.Siin 


jSiin 


'sun 


... 


siin' 


siin* 


... 


• . • 


» 


5 


.Sung 




'sung 


• • • 


sung' 


... 




• •• 


ft 


3 


• • • 


. • • 


... 


. • • 


. > • 


. .« 


sut. 


• a • 


>> 


1 


• . • 


• • • 




• ■ • 


. . . 


> . . 


sat. 


• •• 


» 


1 


.Sz 


. * • 


'sz 


• • • 


8Z' 


sz* 


... 


... 


» 


4, 




• ■ • 


td 


• • ■ 


» • • 




• • • 




9> 


1 


,T''^' 


. . • 


... 


• • a 






• . • 


■ • . 


ft 


1 


,Tai 


. • • 


'tai 


« • • 


tfli' 


tai*" 


* • . 


« • • 


» 


4 


.T'ai 


i'ai 


't'ai 


't'ai 


t'ai' 


■ ■ . 


• . • 


• a • 


» 


5 


^{a 


li 


tdi 


... 


tdi' 


tdi* 


... 


... 


»> 


4 


... 


.> • 


• • • 


t'di 


t'di' 


. . . 


• ■ • 


• . a 


}f 


2 




..• 


... 




. . . 




tfl,lc. 


takj 


it 


2 


• • • 


• • * 


tarn 


... 


tani* 


tnm* 


• •• 




» 


3 


• • . 


jt'am 




t'am 


t'am' 


... 


• • • 


• a. 


)f 


3 


,Tdm 


. ■ • 


tdm 


tdm 


tdrtt* 


t^m* 


• • • 


• ■• 


» 


5 


.T'dm 


.t'dm 




t'dtn 


t'j^,yrt 


• ■ ■ 


• • • 


a •• 


}) 


4 


,Tan 


* 


'tan 


... 


• * • 


• •• 


• • • 




» 


2 


.T'an 


« • • 


... 


... 


fan' 


. . • 


• •• 


• a • 


l> 


2 


.Tdn 


• •• 


. • . 


... 


tdn' 


tdn* 


... 


• • • 


» 


8 


.T'dn 


^t'An 


V<Sn 


Vdn 


tdn 








99 


5 


.Tang 


• • • 


tang 


• • ■ 


tang' 


tang* 


... 


..• 


l> 


4 


... 


jt'ang 


... 






... 


... 


... 


» 


1 


... 


• • • 


.-.. 


... 


. . . 


... 


tap. 


tap, 


>l 


2 




• • • 


... 


... 


... 


... 


t'ap. 


... 


» 


1 


... 


• • • 


• . . 


• . . 


... 


... 


tdp, 


tdp, 


>> 


2 


• ■ • 


• • • 


... 


• • • 


■ . • 


.. . 


t'dp. 




11 


1 


• • • 


... 


... 


• • • 


• *•. 




... 


tat^ 


» 


1 


■ • « 


• • • 


... 




... 






td^ 


>• 


1 


• • • 


• . • 


• . • 


... 


* • • 


... 


fdt. 




99 


1 


;rau 


■ ■• 


*tau 


• • • 


tau' 


tau* 






)} 


4 


,T'au 


,fAu 


t&u 


... 


t'au' 


• • • 




• ■ • 


19 


4 


T6 


• • • 


U 














2 


< 






• • • 


• •» 


• « • 


• • • 


a a • 


» 




,T6ung 


1 

1 • * * 


... 


..'. 


• • • 


• ■ • 


... 




»» 


1 


... 


• • • 


... 


• •• 


1 
• . • 


... 


t^nk. 


... 


' »» 


1 


,Ti 


... 


... 


• . • 


• ■ • 


ti* 


... 




» 


2 


• • • 


• f f 


... 


».v- 


.. : 


... 


tik. 


tik," 


It 


2 


... 


■ • • 


... 


• »•■ 


. . i 


... 


t'ik. 


a . « 


» 


1 


• • • 


»t« 


Tim 


• • • 


tlm*- 


tim* 








3 


.T'im 


jt'lm 


• • ■ 


t'im 


• •• 


... 






>> 


3 


.Tin 


• «• 


tin 


• • • 


• «« 


tin* 


• •• 




*• 


3 


.T'in 


,fln 


t'in 


• • • 


... ■ 


... 


. • • 




91 


3 


,Tmg 


•»i 


tin^ 


■ • t 


ting' 


ting* 


• •» 


• %• 


>» 


4 



f^.:-:-_;^r^ ■, 


INTRODUCTION. 


2i 


Table sheioing the Exact Number of Words m the Ganton Dialect.— Continued^ 



,T'ing 


.t'ing 




^'ing 




... 


a .a 


a ■ a 


Total, 3 


... 


... 




... 


... 


... 


t'ip," 


tip, 


» 1 
» 1 


... 


... 


, 


... 


... 




tit, 
fit. 


tit. 


„ 2 
» 1 


.Tiii 


• . . 




• • • 


tiu'' 


tiu' 


. . a 


... 


» 3 


,T'iu 


^t'i^ 




^t'iti 


t'iu' 


.. 


a * a 


... 


» 4 


.To 




'to"" 


• • • 


to' 


to^ 


... 


... 


„ 4 


,T'o 


/o" 


. . . 


^'o 


t'o' 


a ■ a 


... 


... 


» 4 


.T5 




't5 




t6' 


t6^ 






» 4 


^T'6 


^t'b" 


't'6 


^t'6" 


t'6' 


■ > a 






» 5 








• • • 


• • • 


toi' 






» 1 


.T'oi 


jt'oi 




^'oi 

• • a 


... 


... 


... 


tok^ 


» 3 
» 1 


... 


... 




... 


• • a 


. .. 


t'ok^ 


... 


» 1 




. .. 




^6m 


■ 


. . . 




. a . 


» 1 


.Tong 


.... 


*tong 




tong' 


tong' 


. . a 


a . a 


>, 4 


.T'ong 


jt'ong 


't'ong 




t'ong' 


* . ■ 


... 


... 


» 4 


.Tsd 




. • * 


. * • 




... 






» 1 


.Tsai 


• ■ • 


*tsai 


■ • • 


tsai' 


tsai^ 






» 4 


,Ts'ai 


jts'ai 


... 


^s'ai 


ts'ai' 


. • * 






» 4 


" ■ ■ 


... 


tsam 




tsam' 


... 


tsak. 


ts'dk, 


» 1 
» 1 
» 2 


,Ts'am 


.ts'am 


%'am 




... 








„ 3 


.TsAm 


^ 




^s^m 




tsdm^ 


a a t 




» 3 


^Ts'dm 


jts'dm 


'ts'dm 


. ■ • 




a . a 




^ . • a 


« 3 


,Ts'aa 


... 


tsdn 


... 


tsdn' 


... 


... 




„ 1 
» 2 


,Ts'dn 


jts'dn 


■ > > 


■ • a 


ts'<^,Ti' 








» 3 


,Tsang 


jts'dng 


... 


... 


tsang' 


tsang^ 




... 


» 3 
» 1 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


. . . 


tsap. 


a * ■ 


» 1 


... 


... 


..." 


... 


... 


... 


ts'ap. 


a a a 


„ 1 


... 


.••• 


... 


... 


... 


... 


ts'at, 
ts'dt, 


tsdpj 
tsdt, 

ts'dt, 


» 1 
» 1 
» 1 
» 2 


,Tsau 


... 


*tsau 




tsau' 


tsau^ 


... 


L 


» 4 


,Ts'au 


jts'au 


. . . 




ts'au' 








» 3 


.T86 




* * * 


... 


i^€ 


\&& 






» 3 


::: 


jts'6 


... 




• ts'6' 


... 


ts6iik, 
ts'^uk. 


ts^Tikj 


» 2 
» 2 
» 1 


^T86iuig 


• * . 


'ts^ung 


■ . . 


tsdung' 


ts^ung^ 






» 4 


.Ts'dung 


jts'dung 


*ts'6ung 


: 


■ • . 


... 


tsik,' 
ts'ik, 


tsikj 


., 3 
» 2 
» 1 


,TsiTn 


. * • 


• > ■ 


... 




tsim^ 


... 




» 2 


.Ts'im 


jts'im 


• * « 


... 


ts'im' 


... 






» 3 


.Tsin 


• • ■ 


^tsfn 


... 


tsin' 


tsln' 






» 4 


,Ts'in 


jts'ln 


^ts'ln 


... 


• 

• a a 


... 






» 3 


.Tsing 


... 


tsing 


.-.. 




tsing* 




... 


» 3 


.Ts'ing 


jts'ing 


ts'ing 


... 


. • • 


... 


... 


■ a » 


» 3 


... 


..." 


..." 


... 


• a a 


■ . « 


tsip. 


a . . 


» 1 


... 


■•• 


• . . 


... 


■ ■ a 


• 1 % 


ts'ip. 


. . a 


» 1 


• •1 


m 


•M 


•<i 


• «• 


■ « « 


tsit, 


tsit, 


„ 2 



^i 



tNTRODtJCTION. 



Table ahetoing the Exact Number of Words in the Canton Dialect. — Continued. 



Tsiti 



.Ts'o 

.Tab 

.T8'6 

.Tsoi 

is'oi 



.Tsong 
.Ts'ong 
,Tsu 
Ts'ii 



Ts'lii 



^Tsun 

.Tsiin 
.Ts'iin 
jTsung 
^Ts'uhg 



,Tsz 
.Ts'z 

,Tii 
T'di 



,Tun 

,T'un 

,Tun 

<Tung 
.T'ung 



.ti 



cUng 

• • • 

,Wai 



is'iti 



i8'6 



is'oi 



jts'ong 
.ts'ii 



is'ui 



is'iii 



is'un 



is'iin 



jts'ung 



is'z 



i'di 



i'ttn 



jt'ung 



,ttn 



jWd 

jWai 
.wdi 



ts'iii 
•tso 

*ts6 
V6 
*tsoi 
'ts'oi 



^tstt 

ts'ii 

*tsui 



*tsun 

'tsun 

•ts'iin 

*tsung 



•tsz 
'ts'z 

*ttli 
Vdi 



*tuii 
tiin 

• • • 

tung 
Vung 



•d 
•ii 



•dn 
'iin 
Sing 



*wai 



• • * 


• • • 


• ■ * 


ts'it, 


• • I 


• • * 


tsid' 


tsid* 




• •• 


... 


ts'id* 


• • • 




• • • 


• • • 


• • • 


tso' 




• • • 


• • • 


ts'o' 


■ • • 




• • • 


• •• 


ts6' 


tsb* 




■ • « 


*ts'6 


ts'b' 


• • « 




• • • 


• ■ • 


tsoi' 


tsoi* 




... 


• • • 


ts'oi' 


• • • 




• • ■ 


... 


... 


• • • 


tsok, 
ts'ok, 


tsokj 


• • • 


tsong' 


tsong^ 




• • • 






tsii* 




• • « 
... 


... 


ts'ii' 


. >• 




• • • 


• • • 


tsui' 


• * ■ 




• ■ • 


• ■ • 


ts'ui' 


tsdi' 




• • • 


• • • 


• • ' 


.".'.' 


tsuk, 


tsuk. 


... 


... 


• ■ • 


ts'uk 


• • • 


... 


tsim' 


tsun* 


• 


... 


!!! 


tsiin' 


• • • 






'ts'un 


ts'iin' 


... 


... 


... 


... 


tsung' 


tsung* 


... 


... 


■ • • 




• • • 


tsut. 


• . • 


• • • 


... 


• • • 


• • * 


tsut^ 


• • ■ 


... 


tsz' 


ts'ut, 


... 


ts'z 


ts'z'" 


• • • 


• • • 


... 


• • • 


tui' 


• • • 


• • • 


. .. 


• • • 


tdi' 


tdi* 


• • > 


... 


... 


t'di' 


... 


tuk, 


tuifj 


. .. 


• • ■ 


• • • 


t'uk. 


■ 


* .. 


tllTl' 


tun* 


« • • 


• • • 


t'un 


• • • 


• • • 


• < • 


• • ( 


... 


ti\Tl' 


tiin* 


... 






« • • 

tung' . 


tung 


. ■ . 


. • • 


... 


t'ung' 




... 


• • • 


... 


• « • 


• ■ • 


... 


tatj 


... 


• • • 


• • • 


fdt, 


... 


... 


d' 


d* 


• •• 


••. 


*ii 


ii' 


ii* 


• • • 


• • • 


Sii 


... 


di* 




••• 


... 


• • • 


• • • 


uk. 


• « • 


... 


• *. • 


dn* 


• •• 


« •• 


*ftn 


iin' 


dn* 


• •• 


••• 


k •• 


ung' 


• ■ • 


• • • 


••• 


■ • « 


• •• 


■ • • 


• «• 


dt, 


■ •• 


• •• 


\ • •• 


H 


dt, 


• •• 


• •« 


wd* 


••• 


•»• 


• • • 


wai' 


wai* 


... 


••• 


• •f 


... 


wai* 


■ • • 


... 



Total, 1 
4 
8 
2 
2 
4 
5 
4 
4 
2 
1 
3 
2 
3 
4 
2 
2 
1 
2 
2 
1 
4 
1 
3 
6 
4 
2 
1 
1 
1 
3 
5 
1 
4 
4 
2 
1 
4 
2 
4 
1 
4 
4 
1 
1 
5 
6 
4 
1 
3 
6 
3 
1 
2 
4 
6 
3 



»» 
if 
» 

»> 
'»» 
>> 
It 
» 

» 
II 
11 
>> 
II 
II 
II 
>i 
II 
11 
II 
II 
II 
II 
*i 
II 
II 
II 
i> 
•I 
11 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
11 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
II 
i> 

H 



INTRODUCTION. 



23 



Table shetoing the Exact Number of Words in the Canton Dialect.- 


— Contintied. 


... 


... 


... 


• ■ • 


... 


.. . 


• • • 


w&k^ 


Total, 1 


,Waii 


wan 


Van 


Van 


wan' 


wan* 


• .• 


... 


» 6 


.Wdn 


jWdn 




*wdn 


... 


wdn* 


... 




» 4 


■ •■ 


jwang 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


» 1 


... 


jWdng 


... 


... 


... 


• • ■ 


... 


... 


» 1 


• • a 


... 


. > . 


... 


. .. 


... 


wat. 


watj 


„ 2 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


wdt. 


wdtj 


» 2 


■ • • 


• • • 


• • • 


... 


... 


... 




wik^ 


» 1 


.Wing 


jWing 


■ • • 


Ving 


... 


wing^ 


... 


... 


» 4. 


. • • 


• • • 


■ • • 


• • • 


... 


... 


wit. 


... 


„ 1 


.Wo 


jWO 


wo 


. . . 


... 


wo* 


. . . 




» 4 


■ •• 


• . > 


. . * 




. . . 


... 


wok. 


wokj 


» 2 


jWong 


jwong 


... 


Vong 


... 


wong* 


... 


... 


„ 4> 


.Y6 


• ■* 


... 


'y^ 


... 


y^^ 


... 


... 


„ 3 


• •• 


jyai 


... 


... 


... 


yai* 


... 


... 


„ 2 




... 


... 




... 


... 


yak. 


... 


» 1 


.Yarn 


^yam 


•yam 


*yam 


yam' 


yam* 


... 


... 


» 6 


,Yan 


jan 


*yan 


>n 


yan' 


yan* 


... 


... 


» 6 


• ■ . 


■ • * 


. . . 




... 


... 


yap. 


yap, 


» 2 


• •• 


• ■ . 


. > t 


... 


... 


... 


yat, 


yat, 


» 2 


,Yau 


jau 


'yau 


^au 


yau' 


yau* 


... 


... 


» 6 


... 


J^ 


... 


y 


... 


y^^ 


y6uk. 


y6ukj 


» 3 
» 2 


,Y6ung 


jy^ung 


'y^ung 


^y^ung 


• . • 


y^ung* 


... 


... 


» 5 


... 


.. • 


• •• 


... 


... 


... 


yik. 


yikj 


» 2 


.Ying 


jing 


Ving 


... 


ying' 


ying* 


... 


... 


., 5 


.Yui 


■ • • 


. . ■ 


^yui 


yui' 


yui* 




... 


» 4 






... 


... 


... 


... 


yuk. 


yuk^ 


» 2 


. . ■ 


• •. 


*yun 


... 


... 


yun* 


... 


... 


„ 2 


.Yung 


jyiing 


Vung 


'yung 


... 


yung* 


... 


... 


» 5 










/» r>-'Z":iA^'3>i ^ 











From this table it will be seen that there are only 1755 words in use. If we divide these by 700 
or 729, we have only 2^ monosyllabic words for each sound or syllable. 

This number would answer all purposes of savages ; but not a nation as civilized as the Chinese. 
We must, therefore, be prepared to meet among the spoken language a large number of compounds 
forming dissyllabic and trisyllabic words. These are, so far as the uneducated are concerned, almost as 
unchangeable as the words in western tongues. Hence a person living among the people and learning 
the language from the women and unlettered, speaks the same with greater accuracy than those who 
acquire it from a teacher. For the first attempt at learning to read books brings a stranger into the 
labyrinth of characters of the same meaning and of their constant mutations and combinations. In 
opening a dictionary he will be quite bewildered when attempting to select the character he wants ; for 
he may rest assured that half the number he chooses are not understood by the illiterate. His difficul- 
ties increase as he advances in his study, unless he has a teacher about him to correct every mistake he 
makes. 

On the other hand, should he first learn the colloquial and then apply his material to books written 
and published without a comma or full stop, and in which ho finds different compounds and of a differ- 
ent signification, he then perceives, that he is as far from a knowledge of Chinese as when he commen- 
ced his hie hcec hoc of Latin. For he will read almost ev jry period as a person would the following 
English translation of a German rhyme, when printed without interpunction : — 

A person wrote upon the sand Five and twenty on hands and feet 

Ten fingers have I on each hand Let those who doubt with commas read. 

The 700 syllables or s )uud8 ia the Canton dialect are the result of the combination of tlie 23 initials 



with tliQ 53 fii*ls, ail givQa hx the foUowiag table. 



We have arrangqd them alphabetically. 



24 



INTRODUCTION. 







Table of Sounds in the ( anton Dialect. 






Alphabetically Arranged- 


1 


1 


a 


8 


4 


6 


6 


7 


e , 9 


10 


u 




Finals 


Au 


Chi 


Ch'ut 


Fd 


Hoi 


Kin 


K'ing 


Kwai 


Kw'd 


Lam 


Md 


] 


Ch6 


6 


ch6 


ch'6 


h6 


k^ 


k'6 


... 


... 


16 


m6 


s 


! Ch6uk 


• < • 


ch6nk 


ch'^uk 


• . ■ 


. • . 


k6nV 


k'6uk 


> * a 


... 


Idiik 


. • « 


3 


Cheung 


• . ■ 


ch^ung 


ch'dung 


^i 


h^rnig 


kdung 


k'dung 


... 


... 


I6ung 


... 


4 


<Chiti 


iii 


chid 


ch'iii 


■ • ■ 


hid 


kid 


k'id 


• . • 


... 


Ud 


mid 


6 


Chii 


ii 


chii 


ch'ii 


• . • 


hii 


ku 


k'u 


> • . 


• • > 


lu 


a ■ a 


6 


Fdn 


dn 


chdn 


ch'j^,n 


fdn 


hdn 


kdn 


• ■ • 


kwdn 


. > • 


Idn 


mdn 


7 


Fdt 


dt 


chdt 


ch'dt 


fdt 


• • # 


... 


• • . 


kwdt 


• . ■ 


Idt 


mdt 


8 


Fo 





cho 


ch'o 


fo 


ho 


ko 


• . • 


kwo 


... 


lo 


mo 


9 


Ftii 


6i 


• ■ • 


• ■ • 


fdi 


. > . 


kdi 


• < • 


. ■ • 


. >• 


Idi 


mdi 


10 


Hii 


> < ( 


■ • • 


. . • 


■ . * 


hd 


kd 


. * ■ 


... 


» . • 


Id 


• • • 


11 


KA 


d 


chd 


ch'd 


fd 


hd 


kd 


• « ■ 


kwd 


kw'd 


Id 


md 


12 


K<5,i 


di 


chdi 


ch'di 


fdi 


hdi 


kdi 


k'di 


kwdi 


... 


Idi 


mdi 


13 


Kam 


am 


cham 


ch'am 


• ■ • 


> * • 


kam 


k'am 




. . * 


lam 


... 


14 


Kdm 


dm 


chdm 


ch'dm 


• • * 


hdm 


kdm 


* . . 


. . . 


... 


1dm 


... 


15 


Kap 


ap 


chap 


... 


. . . 


hap 


kap 


k'ap 




... 


lap 




16 


Kdp 


dp 


chdp 


ch'dp 




hdp 


kdp 




... 


• . • 


Idp 


... 


17 


Kdu 


du 


ohdu 


ch'du 


• • • 


hdu 


kdu 


k'du 


.. • 


. .. 


Idu 


mdu 


18 


Kek 


■ • • 


chek 


• • • 


• • • 


■ . . 


• ■ • 


k'ek 


. .• 


• . • 


lek 


mek 


19 


Keng 


. . * 


cheng 


. . i 




heng 


keng 


... 


... 


... 


leng 


meng 


10 


Ki 


i 


Chi 


ch'i 


fi 


hi 


ki 


k'i 


• • • 


. * . 


li 


ml 


21 


TTfm 


im 


chim 


ch'im 


* > • 


him 


kirn 


k'im 


• . • 


. .. 


lim 


a a a 


2,2 


Kok 


ok 


chok 


• . . 


fok 


hok 


kok 


k'ok 


kwok 


... 


lok 


mok 


23 


K6m 


5m 


... 


> > • 


• • • 


hbm 


kbm 


. . • 


... 


• • . 


... 


• . a 


24 


Kon 


on 


• * • 


■ . • 


. . • 


hon 


kon 




... 


... 


. .« 




25 


Kong 


ong 


ohong 


ch'ong 


fong 


hong 


kong 


k'ong 


kwong 


kw'ong 


long 


mong 


26 


K6p 




> . • 




... 


hbp 


k5p 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


27 


Kot 


* . . 


• • • 


... 


. . ■ 


liot 


kot 


... 


... 


• .. 


... 


... 


28 


Kii 


li 


■ • ■ 


. • • 


fd 


... 


kd 


... 


>.« 


... 


... 


. . . 


29 


Klin 


An 


• •• 




fdn 


... 


kdn 


... 


• . • 


• • • 


• •■ 


mdn 


30 


Kdt 


lit 


• • < 


. . . 


fdt 


... 


kdt 


... 


. • • 


■ • • 


• •• 


mdt 


31 


Lip 


ip 


chip 


... 


• •• 


hip 


kip 


... 


. ■ . 


. * . 


Up 


... 


32 


L6 


6 


• • • 


• . . 


• . ■ 


h5 


k6 


... 


• . ( 


. . • 


16 


m6 


33 


Ngdng 


dng 


chdng 


ch'dng 




hdng 


kdng 




kvrdng 


kw'dng 


Idng 


mdng 


34 


Ngdk 


dk 


chdk 


ch'dk 


fdk 


Uk 


kdk 


. . . 


kwdk 


... 


Idk 


mdk 


35 


Pan 


... 


chan 


ch'an 


fan 


han 


kan 


k'an 


kwan 


kw'an 


Ian 


man 


36 


Pat 


at 


cha,t 


■ > > 


fat 


hat 


kat 


k'at 


kwat 


... 


lat 


mat 


37 


Sau 


au 


chau 


ch'au 


fau 


hau 


kau 


k'au 


• . • 


■ . • 


lau 


mau 


38 


Sin 


in 


chin 


ch'in 


• * • 


hin 


kin 


k'in 


... 


* • . 


lin 


m(n . 


39 


Sit 


it 


chit 


ch'it 


fit 


hit 


kit 


k'it 


kwit 


■ * ■ 


Ut 


mit 


40 


Sui 


... 


chui 


ch'ui 


• . • 


. •• 


• • • 


■ . ■ 


* . « 


... 


lui 


. • a 


41 


Siin 


tin 


chtin 


ch'iin 


• • • 


hiin 


kiin 


k'iin 


* • • 


. ■ a 


liin 


. • . 


42 


Siit 


tit 


chvit 


• • * 


■ ■ . 


hdt 


kut 


« ■ * 


> . * 


1 


Kit 


... 


43 


Sz 


• . > 


• . ■ 


. • . 


. .. 


. • • 




... 


* . « 






. .« 


44 


Tak 


ak 


chak 


ch'ak 


* * • 


hak 


kak 


. . • 




. . . 


kk 


mak 


45 


Tang 


ang 


chang 


... 


. • • 


hang 


kang 


k'ang 


kwang j 


... 1 


lang 


mang 


46 


Tsoi 


oi 


• • • 




■ • • 


hoi 


koi 


k'oi 




:.. 1 


loi 


. < ■ 


47 


Tsun 


a •• 


chun 


ch'un 


• . • 


• • • 


. .. 


... 


. . . 


' " \ 


lun 


... 


48 


Tsut 


• •• 


chut 


ch'ut 


• . • 


• •• 


• . • 


... 


... 


1 
... 1 


lut 


... 


49 


Tuk 


uk 


ch\ik 


ch'uk 


fuk 


huV 


kuk 


k'uk 


. . ■ 


1 


luk 


muk 


50 


Tung 


ung 


chung 


ch'ung 


fung 


hung 


kung 


k'ung 




1 


lung 


mung 


51 


Wai 


ai 


chad 


• • • 


fai 


hai 


kai 


k'ai I 


kwai 


kw'ai 


lai 


mai 


62 


Yik 


• •• 


chik 


ch'ik 


fik 


* • ■ 


kik 


k'ik 


kwik 


... 


lik 


mik 


63 


Ying 


• *• 


ching 


ch'ing { 


ting 


hing 


king 


k'ing 


kwing 


... 


ling 


ming 


Ng 1 


m 


ft«« ••• •«• 


... 1 


... 


... 


... 


... 





INTRODUCTION. 



25 





Table < 


of Sounds in the 


Canton Dialects. — A Iphabetically 


r Arranged. — Continued. 




13 


13 


u 


15 


18 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


Nam 


Nga 


Pa 


Fo 


Sam 


Shing 


Ta 


T'oi 


Tsing 


Ts'ai 


Wd 


Ting 


ne 


... 


p6 


... 


s6 


sh6 


t6 




tse 


ts'6 




y^ 




. . . 






s6uk 


sh^uk 


t^uk 


. . • 


ts^uk 


ts'^iik 


• . > 


yeuk 


ndung 








s^ung 


sh^ung 


t^ung 




ts6ung 


ts'^ung 


• . . 


y6ung 


niu 


• . • 


piti 


p'iu 


siu 


shiii 


tiii 


fill 


tsiii 


ts'iu 


■ . . 


• ■ • 


nil 




• . > 


• • • 


sii 


shii 


• < > 


• • < 


tsil 


ts'ii 


... 


... 


ndn 


ngdn 


pdn 


p'dn 


sdn 


shdn 


tdn 


t'dn 


tsan 


ts'dn 


wdn 


• • • 


ndt 


ngat 


pat 


t • • 


sdt 


shdt 


tdt 


t'dt 




■ . . 


wdt 


... 


no 


ngo 


po 


P'o 


so 


sho 


to 


t'o 


tso 


ts'o 


wo 


■ > • 




... 


ptii 


p'ui 


sd 




tdi 
tii 


t'lii 


tsui 


ts'ui 

... 


... 


... 


nA 


ngd 


p^" 


p'd 


sd 


shd 


tk 


t'd 


tsd 


• * • 


wd 


ya" 


ndi 


ngai 


pai 


p'di 


sdi 


shdi 


tdi 


t'ai 




• ■ • 


wdi 




nam 


ngam 


• > • 


> . * 


sam 


sham 


tarn 


t'am 


tsam 


ts'am 




yam 


ndm 


ngdm 


. > • 


■ . * 


sdm 


shdm 


i&m 


t'dm 


tsdm 


ts'dm 




ydm 


nap 


ngap 


* . • 




sap 


shap 


tap 




tsap 


ts'ap 




yap 


ndp 


ngap 




■ * • 


sdp 


shdp 


tdp 


t'dp 


tsdp 


*. . 






ndu 


ngdu 


pAu 


p'du 




shAu 


. . • 








■ . . 


■ . . 




. . t 


pek 




sek 


shek 




t'ek 


tsek 


ts'ek 






neng 




peng 


p'eng 


seng 


sheng 


teng 


t'eng 


tseng 


ts'eng 






ni 


ngi 


pi 


P'i 




shi 


ti 












nlm 




* • • 






shim 


tim 


t'im 


tsim 


ts'im 




• • ■ 


nok 


ngok 
ngon 


pok 
p6m 


p'ok 


sok 


shok 


tok 
t6m 


t'ok 


tsok 


ts'ok 


wok 




nong 


ngong 


pong 


p'ong 


song 


shong 


tong 


t'ong 


tsong 


ts'ong 


wong 


... 






pop 


... 


... 


... 






. . . 


• ■ ■ 

• • • 


... 




... 




ptin 


p'lin 


sd 


... 




... 


... 


• ■ ■ 

• • • 


. 


... 


... 


... 


piit 


p'ut 








... 


... 


... 




... 


nip 


... 


... 




sip 


ship 


tip 


t'ip 


tsip 


ts'ip 


... 


... 


nb 


ng6 


p6 


p'6 


s5 


sh6 


t5 


t'6 


ts6 


ts'6 




. • . 


... 


ngdng 


pdng 


p'dng 


. . . 


shdng 


. . . 


. .. 






wdng 




... 


ngdk 


pdk 


p'dk 


. . . 


shdk 






... 


ts'dk 


w^k 


ydk 


nan 


ngan 


pan 


p'an 


san 


shan 


tan 


fan 




ts'an 


wan 


yan 


nat 


ngat 


pat 


p'at 


sat 


shat 


tat 




tsat 


ts'at 


wat 


yat 


nau 


ngau 


pan 


p'au 


sau 


shau 


tau 


fau 


tsau 


ts'au 


• > . 


yau 


nin 




pin 


p'in 


sin 


shin 


tin 


fin 


tsin 


ts'in 




• . . 


nit 


ngit' 


pit 


p'lt 


sit 


shit 


tit 


fit 


tsit 


ts'it 


wit 


. . . 


nui 


■ • • 


• • * 


• ■ * 


• • • 


shui 


tui 


... 


tsui 


ts'ui 


. . . 


yui 


nun 


... 


... 


... 


siin 


shiin 


tiin 


fiin 


tsiin 


ts'un 


... 


. • . 


• • < 


... 






Slit 


shut 


tiit 


fiit 


tsiit 


ts'ut 




... 


• • • 


... 


... 


... 


sz 


... 


• • • 


• •• 


tsz 


ts'z 


... 


. • ■ 


nak 


ngak 


pak 




sak 


• ■ • 


tak 




tsak 


... 


.. . 




nang 




pang 


p'ang 


sang 


shang 


tang 


fang 


tsang 


ts'ang 


wang 




noi 


ngoi 




• • f 


soi 


• < • 


toi 


foi 


tsoi 


ts'oi 






... 


... 


• . • 


... 


sun 
sut 


shun 
shut 


tun 


fun 

1 


tsun 
tsut 


ts'un 


... 


yun 


niik 


. . * 


puk 


• . • 


suk 


shuk 


tuk 


fuk 1 


tsuk 


ts'uk 


. . . 


yuk 


nung 




pung 


p'ung 


sung 


shung 


tung 


fung 


tsung 


ts'ung 




yung 


nai 


ngai 


pai 


p'ai 


sai 


shai 


tai 


fai 


tsai 


ts'ai 


wai 


yai 


nik 


■ > « 


pik 


p'ik 


sik 


shik 


tik 


fik 


tsik 


ts'ik 


wik 


yik 


ning 


... 


ping 


p'ing 


sing 


shing 


ting 


fing 


tsing 


ts'ing 


wing 


yi»g 


... 


... 




... 


... 


• • • 


• • • 


• • t 


... 1 


... 


... 


• •« 



26. 



INTEODTJCTION. 



Info nation. 

The tones of the Canton or Punti dialect are called 

1- ^ ^ .P'ing .shing, 

2- J:. M sli6ung ,shing. 
The Upi'EE Tones 

T 
are marked 



3- -i- ^ liii' .shing, and 

4- A ^ T'^Vi .shing- 
The Lower Tones 




.i:± 
±A 




sh^ung^ jP'iiig tShing 
sh6ung^ sh6ung^ <8hing 
sh6ung^ hu ,shing 
sh^ung^ yap^ ,8hing. 



arc marked 



■j; 2p ^ ha^ j)'mg ^hing 
"F _h ^ Ld^ shdung^ .shing 



4. 1^ A ^ li^^ yaPi <8hing. 



The .p'ing ,8hing is uttered with a peremptory voice, e.g. Go ! 

The ^shdung ,shing or rising tone is uttered with an intcrogative modulation of the voice, e.g. Is 
it nice ? Is the weather fine ? 

The hii' ,shing is the optative or wish form, e.g. Do love me ? 

The yap^ ,shing terminates in the Punti and Hakka dialects always in p, t or k ; bencc it is easily 
distinguished. 

The High Tones. 
,Chin, 'chin, chin', chit, ^ ^ "i?! tif blanket ; to unroll ; to fight ; to break. 
,Kam, 'kdm, kum', kap, /l^t ^ ^ l^jJ ^ ^^ 5 ^^ contract ; a mirror ; armor. 

The Lowee Tones. 
jLin, Hin, lin\ lit^ )S ^ ^ ^ij to connect ; to remove ; to select ; to arrange. 



jWan, Van, wanS wdt^ "2^ yt jM i?^ ^x) say ; to gi-ant ; to revolve ; slippery. 



The 2p gji sP'ing ,shing is called the even tone, and the three others jj^ 
fleeted tones. 



chakj ,shing or de- 



These tones should be carefully learnt ; for if in any dialect they are of great importance, they are 
certainly so in Punti. Former scholars, and particularly Dr. Morrison, have not only themselves neg- 
lected this duty, but have also induced others to pay no attention to the same ; hence their failure in 
speaking the Chinese language intelligibly. 

How the tones frequently change the meaning of words, may be seen from the following examples. 



( ,TJ an interrogative particle ; 
^^C to hate; 



^ ( jWai to do, to be ; 
^ \ Wai^ on account of. 



»{; 



H6 good. 
H6' to love. 



( Ok, bad, wicked. 

The Aspirates. 

The aspirates are of as much importance in conveying our ideas intelligibly as the tones, and we 
cannot sufficiently impress the students of the Chinese language with the necessity of paying strict at- 
tention to them. 

Examples. 
,Tdm ;|:B to carry 



/r'dm ^ to covet 
T'dp, ^ a pagoda 
T'6' fj to vomit 
P'ik, J^ a prince 
,Ch'di ^ a commissioner 



Tdpj ^ to answer 
T6' iglj to arrive at 
Pik, 3[g to oppress 
,Chdi 7^ to abstain from 

In the preceding examples the sound and quantity of the voavcIs are the same, the tones are also 
identical, the distinction of meaning being conveyed by the aspirates. 

The Vowel Son ads. 

The followin<^ examples differ in the sound of the vowels, by which the dilferenco of meaning is 
conveyed to the car. 

Examples. 
1. Narrow or Common Sound. 



Ai' j^ to strangle 

Ak, :g to grasp 

'Am ^ to cover with the hand 

Kau' i^ to save to rescue 



2. JJroad Sound. 
-^^' 1^ ^ P'^8, a defile 
Ak, ^ a bracelet 
'Am ^ an unopened flower 
Kdu' ^^ to teach 



INTEODTJCTION. 27 



3. Difference in the quantity of Vowels. 
Examples. 



Short Sound. 
^Sam {(^ the heart 
^Kam ^ gold metal 



Long Sound. 
jSdm ^ three 
jKdm ^ to inspect 





The Vowels. 


1. 

2. 
3. 

4. 


a — as in quota; 

k — as in father; 

e — as in men, dead; 

k — at in they, neigh'; should be a 


5. 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10. 


1 — as in pin; 

1 — as ine in machine, feel; 

— as in long, lord, law; 

6 — as in so, hoe; 

u — as in bull; 

u — as in school, rule; 



11. U — as in German, or L'une in French; 

12. ft — as 6 in German, or turn; 

13. ai — as in while, high, fly; 

14. ai — as in aisle, aye; 

16. au — as in German, and broader than round in English. 

16. &u — broader than howl in English ; 

17. 6u — as in Capernaum ; 

18. iu — as if written eeu, different from pew, chew; 

19. oi — as in boy, toil ; 

20. ui — as in Louis; 



Proper attention paid to these distinctions at the commencement of study, will enable the student 
to avoid many errors so frequently fallen into by persons unwilling to follow tlie advice of experienced 
scholars. 

ORTHOGRAPHY. 

The orthography of this Dictionary is, with few variations, that adopted by Dr. WUliams in his 
Tonic Dictionary and represented in the following table. 

System of Orthography for the Funti or Canton Dialect. 

21. ui — as in woing, chewing; 

22. as — zz in the first syllable of dizzy; 

23. 'm — less aspirated than the Inteijection hm ; 

24. 'ng — like the French nasal in encore; 
The Consonants. 

ch — as in church ; 

f — as in fife ; 

h — as in have; . , 

k — as in king: 

kw — as in quaUty ; 

1 — as in lame ; 

m — as in maim; 

11 — as in nun ; 

ng — as in sing ; 

p — as in pap ; 

s — as in sea; 

sh — as in shut, chaise ; 

t — as in title ; 

ts — as in ratsbane, wits; 

w — as in wing or the German West ; 

y — as in yard ; 

It will at once be seen that many diacritical marks can be dispensed with. The accent over 6 in 
sh^ung, h^ung, over ti in kiii, hiu, and the apostrophe before 'ng, 'm, or after sz' can only serve a 
foreigner for a short time ; for a native they are utterly useless, and should not be used in Romanized 
Chinese. In the present Dictionary the (') before m and after sz has been dropped. 

The population of this province speaking the Hakka dialect is estimated at from 3 — 4 millions in- 
dividuals. They are a more hardy race than the Pimti and none of their women have small feet. 
Whenever they occupy a district in common with the Punti and in equal number, their villages bear a 
great contrast to those of the former, being in every respect inferior and the children less educated. 
They appear to have been for many centuries in undisturbed possession of the north-eastern part of this 
province, and are noted for their roving propensity and turbulent character. 

They have from time to time spread over other parts of this province, where they are almost always 
living in open hostility with the Punti. 

But not all those who have left their native place and moved to other parts of this province, belong 
to the Hakka population. The many thousands who last year fled from Sinning, were Hoklo and not 
Hakka, and spoke, besides the latter dialect, still their own, though more than five generations had passed 
by since their migration. The constant hostility in which they lived with their neighbours had induced 
or rather compelled them to abandon the practice of binding the feet of their children and of allying 
themselves with the Hakka, though the customs of the Hoklo population differ more from them than 
those of the Punti. 

Th« Hakka dialect has 6 tones, only the fii-st and the fourth having the lower tone * . 

According to the modulation of the voice the ^ ^ of the Hakka resembles the J;: ^ ^ of the 
Punti ; the Jt ^ of the Hakka resembles the "J\ ^ ^ of the Punti ; the ^ ^ of the Hakka resembles 
the -i- ^ of the Punti. 

I here give the syllabary of the Hakka dialect as compiled by the Rev. R. Lechler, who has kindly 
placed the same at my disposal. 

Note. The Eomanized Hakka is successfully taught in the I printed according to Dr. Lepsius' new system of orthography, 
■chools of the Basel Ev. Mission, and several books are 1 * See page 4 under Accent. 



28 



INTRODUCTION. 



TABLE OF SOliXDS !> THE llAkkA DIALECT. 



Initials. 


1 
a 


2 

f 


3 
h 


4 
k 


5 

kh 


6 

kw 


7 
kwh 


8 
I 


9 

m 


10 

ny 


11 

n 


Finals. 
























1 a 


a, 


/«/ 


ha, 


ka. 


kha, 


kwa, 


kwha. 


la, 


ma. 


nya. 


im, 


'^ Va 








kya 


khya 


. . . 


• . . 




mya 






3 e e \ 


> ■ • 


A'" 


he' 


ke' 


khe' 


kwe 


• • ■ 


le" 


me 


nye' 


» . > 


4 i i 




fi 


hi' 


ki' 


khi, 


... 


... 


l\ 


mi' 




iii> 


fj 


. . * 


fo' 


ho, 


ko. 


khOi 


. . . 


. . . 


lo, 


mo, 


nyo 


ivo, 


6 yo <Si- yoi 


. • • 




hyo, 


kyo 


khyo 




. . . 










7 u u 




/«/ 




hi 


khu' 


• . • 




lu^" 


mu. 


nyu, 


im' 


8 yu yu 


. . * 




hyuf 


kyu 


khyu. 






lyu. 






. . • 


9 at ail 


• • • 


f<'h 


hai. 


kai. 


khaii 


hwai' 


kwliai> 


lax' 


mai" 




itai. 


JO an au^ 


... 




hau'» 


kau. 


khau' 


. . . 


... 


lau' 


mau. 


nyau' 


nau' 


il yau 


. . * 




hyau 


kyau. 


khyau, 


... 


• • . 


lyau' 


myau. 


... 




V2 en €71 


. . • 


feti' 


heiC" 


keu' 


khen' 




. . . 


leu, 


men, 


nyeu, 




J3 oi oil 


• • • 


foi, 


hoi. 


koi. 


khoi' 


... 


• * . 


loi, 


mot. 


nyoC 


iioi. 


J4 ui tti 


■ • • 


fui, 


... 


. ■ > 


• ■ ■ 


kwni' 


kwhui" 


lui. 


mui, 




iiui. 


15 am 


• > • 


fani" 


ham, 


kam. 


kham. 






lam. 


. . . 


nyavi' 


nam. 


16 yam 


... 


... t 


hyam, 


kyam. 


khyam, 


. .. 


... 


lyam. 




. . . 




17 em 






hem 


kem 


khem 


■ . • 




lem, 


. . . 


. . . 


... 


18 im 


• > • 


... 


him 


kirn, 


khim. 


... 




Urn, 


... 


nyim' 


... 


19 vm, up, 






. * ■ 


. > i 


. . > 


. . . 




... 




... 




20 an an 


. < * 


fan. 


han. 


kan. 


khan' 


kwan. 




Ian, 


man, 


, , 


nan' 


21 en 


. . . 


fen, 


hen, 


ken' 


khen, 


kwen, 




len' 


men' 


nyen' 


■ • • 


22 in 


• ■ • 


/'«/ 


hin. 


kin, 


khin, 




... 


liui 


min, 


nyin. 


. • . 


23 on 


... 


foil 


Hon, 


kon. 


khon' 


. . . 


... 


Ion' 


... 


nijon, 


■ • . 


24 yon 


• • • 


*• • 


. . * 






• • . 


* . * 


... 


... 




... 


25 im 


• . * 


fun, 






. . . 


kwun' 


krvhuTi^ 


lun. 


mun. 


nyun' 




26 yun 


■ , 4 


... 


hyun> 


kyun. 


khyun' 


... 


... 




• . * 


. * • 




27 ail 


• . ■ 


... 


hah, 


kail. 


■ • . 


kwafii 


kwhahf 


laii, 


man, 


nyan, 


itaii^ 


28 xjaii 


• > 1 


... 


• • ■ 


kyan. 


khyan, 




... 


lyan. 


... 




... 


29 on 


• > > 


foil, 


hoii, 


kofi, 


khoii' 




... 


Ion, 


moil. 


nyofi, 


noA 


30 yon 




... 


hyofi, 


kyoii, 


khyoh. 




... 


lyofi. 


my oil. 


«/ i 


• * • 


31 nil n^ 


... 


fuii, 




kun, 


khun. 




... 


lun. 


mun. 


nyuA, 




32 yun 


* . . 




hyuii. 


kyiifi. 


khyuii. 






lyufi, 


... 


%f * 


• • • 


33 op 


• . • 


M\ 


hap. 


kap^ 


khap^ 


... 




lup. 


. . . 




. . . 


34 yap 


... 


\' ' ' 


hyap^ 


hjap^ 


khyap. 


■ > > 




lyap. 




"y«Pv 


... 


35 tp 








! kep 


... 


• . * 


. . * 


1 '("P 








36 ip 


... 




hip^ 


kip^ 


khip, 


. i • 




lip, 




nyip. 




37 at 


■ ■ . 


fck 


hat^ 


. . . 


khat 


kwat.^ 


... 


lat. 


mat,^ 






38 et 


• . . 


fet. 


het^ 


ket^ 


khet. 


kwet. 


. . • 


let. 


met. 


nyet. 




39 it 


. . . 


fi^ 


hit^ 


kit^ 


khit. 




... 


lit. 


mit. 






40 at 


. > > 




hot. 


kot^ 


\ 




... 


lot, 








41 ut 




M 


. . . 


. . . 


khvt,^ 


kwut^ 




lut. 


mut. 


... 


iiut. 


42 ak 


... 


fak 


/m/^ 


kak^ 


khak 


kwak 




lak. 


mak. 


nyak. 


■ ■ . 


43 yak 


• •• 


. . . 


hyak 


kyak 


khyak. 


• . . 


... 


lyak 


. . . 


... 




44 ok 


... 


• . * 


hok. 


knk^ 


khok, 
khyok\ 


• • • 


... 


lok 
lyok. 


mok. 


nyok. 


iiok. 


45 yok 


• • • 


» . i 


. . * 


kyok 


■ • . 


... 




. • . 


• . * 


46 nk 




M\ 


. . . 


... 


... 


kwuk.^ 


k^huk^ 


Ink 
h/uk. 


muk^ 


nyuk. 


. • • 


47 yvk 


! ... 




hyvk^ 


... 


khyid\ 


... 


• >. 


. . . 


... 


• •• 


Sounds : 


1 ... 


> * • 


haiij^ 


• • . 


then. 


tsu' 


Soii 


ti' 


tH, 


• • • 


ha. 




yOi 


... 


•"?/ 


tmiij 


* • ■ 


y', 


set^^ 


let. 


min, 


//.; 


kyu' 



iNTUODUCTION. 



^§ 



Table of Sownds in the Sakha Dialect. — Continued. 



n 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


p 


pi I 


s 


V 

s 


t 


th 


ts 


tsh 


ts 


tSh 


w 


y 


pa, 


pha, 


sa. 


Sa, 


ta' 


tha. 


tsa'' 


tsha, 


tSa, 


tsha. 


wa' 


yd" 


pi/a 


, . * 


sya, 


• ■ ( 


tya 




tsya' 


tshya' 




...- 






pe 


■ • ■ 


se' 


h^ 






... 


tshe. 


tse' 


tshe' 


we 


ye 


■pi, 


phi, 


si' 


si,- 


ti,'" 


thi'" 


tsi' 


tshi. 


tsi. 


tShi, 


wi 


yi 


po. 


pho, 


so, 
syoi' 


... 


to. 


tho, 
thyo' 


tso' 
tsyo 


tsho. 


... 


tSho, 


wo. 


yo 


pu' 


phu^ 


syti" 


su. 


tu, 
tyu. 


thiC 


tsz' 
tsyu' 


tshyu' 


tsu'' 


tshu. 


wu. 


2/W/ 


pai'' 


phai. 


sai'' 


• ■ • 


tai" 


thai'' 


tsai. 


tshai' 




• • ■ 


wai 




pau, 


phau, 


sau'^ 


Sau' 


tail. 


than, 


tsau, 


tshau' 


tSau, 


tshau 


• • • 


yau, 


pyau, 


phyau, 


syau, 


• . • 


tyau, 


thyau. 


. > * 


tshyau'' 






■ . • 


\f 1 


> < • 


pheu' 


seu. 


... 


teu' 


then. 


tseu' 


tsheu' 






. . • 




poi" 


phoi. 


soi. 


soi'' 


toi. 


thoi. 


tsot' 


tshoi. 


tSo? 


tshoi. 


woif 




pui^ 


phut. 


sui. 


sui. 


tui' 


thui, 


tsui'' 


tshui. 


tsui. 


tShui, 


wut" 


yui, 






sam. 


sam. 


tanfi' 


tham. 


tsam. 


tsham, 


tsam. 


... 


■ . . 


yam. 


... 




syam. 




tyam' 


thy am. 


tsyam. 


tshyam, 


... 


■ • ■ 


. .. 


•/ A 


... 




sem. 


. . . 


tern 


■ • ■ 


tsem. 






... 


• ■ • 




... 


... 


sim. 


sim' 


... 


... 


tsim'' 


tshini' 


tsim. 


tshim, 


... 


yim' 


pan. 


phan, 


san, 


' ' ' 


tan. 


than. 


tsan' 


tshan' 


r , . 


■ * • 


wan, 


... 


pen, 
pin. 


phen, 
phin. 


sen, 
sin 


Sen} 
sin. 


ten, 
tin' 


then, 
thin. 


tsen' 
tsin} 


tshen, 
tshin. 


tsen, 
tsin. 


tShen, 
tshin. 


wen 
win 


yen, 
yin, 


... 




son. 


son. 


ton, 


thon. 


tson'' 


tshon. 


tson, 


tShon, 


won. 


V 1 


... 




syon' 


• . • 




• • ■ 




tshyon, 






■ • • 




pun'' 


phun. 


sun. 


Sun^ 


tun. 


thun, 


tsun. 


tshun. 


tsun' 


tshun. 


wun, 


yun' 


pan. 


phah, 


san. 


san, 


tail. 


than. 


tsan. 


tshan, 


tsan' 


tShah, 


wan. 


yan. 


pyan' 


phyaii' 


syan. 




... 


thyan, 


tsyah' 


tshyari. 




. . • 




y 


pofi. 


phoii. 


soil' 


son' 


ton, 


thoh. 


tson. 


tshon. 


tson. 


tShoh, 


won. 


yon. 


pyon 




syoh. 




tyon, 




tsyon. 


tshyon. 


... 


, . • 






pun' 


phun. 


sun, 
syuii' 


... 


tun. 


thun. 


tsun, 
tsyun' 


tshun, 
tshyun. 


tSun, 


tshun. 


WUii, 


yun. 


... 


... 


sap,_ 


sap. 


tap. 


thap. 


tsap 


tshap. 


tsap. 






y(^Px 


... 




syap 




tyap. 


thyap, 


tsyap. 


tsh yap. 






... 




• > ■ 




sep, 
sip. 


sij). 


tep. 




... 


tship. 


tSip, 


... 


... 


yip^ 


pat, 


phat. 


sat,_ 




tat. 


that. 


tsat 


tshat. 


, , , 




wat. 




pet^ 


phet. 


set. 


set, 


tet. 


thet. 


tset. 


tshet. 


tset. 


tshet. 


wet. 


yet. 


pit. 


phit. 


sit. 


Sit' 


tit. 


thit. 


tsit. 


tshit. 


tsit. 


tshit. 


* . * 


yit. 


pot 


phot 


sot. 


sot, 


tot. 


thot. 


tsot. 


tshot. 


tsot. 


tshot. 


. . • 


• ■ ■ 


put. 


phut. 


sut. 


Sut, 


tut. 


thuf. 


tsut. 


..." 




tshut. 


wut. 


yut. 


pak\ 


phak. 


sak. 


Sak, 


tak. 


thak. 


tsak. 


tshak. 


tsak. 


tshak. 


wak. 


yak. 


pyak, 

t 


phyak 


syak. 


syak. 


tyak 


thyak. 


tsyak. 


tshyak. 


. . . 


. . . 






pok\^ 

1 


phok, 
phyok. 


sok, 
syok. 


sok. 


tok, 
tyok. 


th'ok. 


tsok, 
tsyok 


tshok. 


tsok. 


tShok, 


wok. 


yok. 


puh\ 


phuk. 


suk. 


stik. 


tuk. 


thiik. 


tsuk. 


tshuk. 


tsuk. 


tshuk. 


wuk. 


yuk. 


f"p^ 


... 


syuk. 


... 


... 


... 


tsyuk. 


... 


... 


... 


... 


... 


tsu' 
























^- ■ ■ 














• * • 






• • • 





66 INTUODTJCTION. 



The Fukien, lloklo and Auio} Dialects. 



All these dialects are closely allied and noted for the large number of their nasal sounds, or rather 
a tendency to pronounce the finals N and Ng like the French in chien, go6tien &c. 

These terminations are in most instances dropped, and the nasal sound is nothing but an open 
vowel sound uttered with more or less aspiration through the nose. 

Instead of marking this nasal sound by a small raised n, as has been done by Dr. Medhurst and 
others, any diacritical marlc above or beneath the vowel would suffice to indicate its pronunciation. 

Another characteristical difference of these dialects is the substituting of a B for the M of almost all 
other dialects in China, as also a frequent changing of the Ch into a T, as ^ Punti ch'6, Hakka ts'A, 
Mandarin ch'd, Fukien t6, or Thee in German. 

The Fukien and sister dialects belong to the same stock as the other dialects of China. The 
grammatical construction is the same as in the Mandarin, Punti and Hakka. But wealth and an 
early intercourse with foreign nations have had considerable influence on the refinement of the collo- 
quial, as well as on the manners and habits of the people. In cleanliness they excel most of their 
neighbours, and in their social intercoiirse more polite terms are heard than even among the Punti. 
These characteristic features being the natural consequence of their intercourse with foreign nations, 
I am inclined to ascribe the remarkable difference of these dialects from the rest of China to the same 
source. 

Any person anxious to learn more respecting the people of Fukien and their dialects, will do well 
to consult Dr. Medhurt's Dictionary of the Hokien Dialect, and Goddard's Chinese and English 
Vocabulary of the Tie Chiu Dialect. 



The Mandarin or Court IMaleet. 

The Mandarin or Court Dialect has derived its designation from the Chinese term ^ "^ kwan hwd, 
i.e. official language, because a sentence passed by a Mandarin being only considered vaUd when pro- 
nounced in that dialect. 

In the north and particularly among officials, it is called JE ^, i.e. the con-cct sound, and 
signifying the proper language of the country, it being spoken by at least three fourths of the 
population. 

The Mandarin Dialect is divided into the j{^ ^ Peh hwd, northern language, and the ^ fjf , south- 
em language or dialect. As the dialect spoken at Canton is considered the standard of Punti, so are 
the dialects spoken at Peking and Nanking respectively regarded as the standards of authority of the 
Mandarin. 

The further wc proceed to the north, the more does the Chinese language assume the form of the 
Japanese and American Indian syllabic system. No consonant terminates a syllable but the N and the 
nasal Ng. The tones are reduced to four, the smallest number in any dialect of China ; hence for in- 
telligibleness the spoken language is chiefly dependent on the combination of synonyms. 

The large number of guttural or fricative sounds and the many diphthongs, which are constantly 
heard, deprive the Mandarin dialect much of its euphony. If to these defects is added the tendency of 
the northern people to change the k into a sound similar to tsj (Gei-man pronimciation), little is left 
that falls gracefully on the ear, or n^moves the aversion of foreigners to acquire this difficult tongue. 

The following table exhibiting the syllalmry of the Mandarin Dialect, is comiiostxl accoitling to Dr. 
Williams' orthography as adopted in his Tonic Dictionary. It contains 469 syllables, whilst Dr. Morrison 
has only 411 and Mr. Wade 397. 

In order to assist the student in comprehending tlie phonetic differences, I give hert^ first the 
syllabary of Dr. Williams, and then Mr. Wade's with the corresponding orthography of Williams and 
Morrison. 



INTRODUCTION. 



31 



Syllabary of the Mandarin Bialcet according to Dr. Williams' 

System of Orthography. 





1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


Initials. 


d 


ch 


ch' 


chw 


chw' 


f 


S 


h 


hw 


J 


k 


k' 


kw 


Finals. 




























Id 


d 


chd 


ch'd 




• ■ • 


• • • 




• ■ • 


hwd 


• . , 


■ • • 


■ • ■ 


kwd 


2dh 


■ • ■ 


chdh 


ch'ah 








fdh 


■ • • 1 ■ > • 


hwdh 


. . • 


. • • 


. . • 


kwdh 


3di 


... 


chdi 


ch'di 








... 


... ( ... 


hwdi 




... 


... 


kwdi 


4 an 


... 


... 










fan 


gan 


han 


hwan 




... 


... 


kwan 


5 an 


... 


chan 


ch'dn 








fdn 






hwdn 




kan 


k'dn 


kwdn 


6ang 


■ • • 


. . . 














hang 




... 


kang 


k'ang 


kwang 


7dng 




chdng 


ch'dng 


chwang 


chw 


'ang 


fdng 






hwdng 




kdng 


k'dng 


kwdng 


8au 


... 


chau 


ch'au 








fau 




hau 




jau 


kau 


k'au 




9au 


> • ■ 


chau 


ch'du 












hdu 




jdu 


kdu 


k'du 


. .. 


10 6 


• > < 


ch6 


ch'6 








* . . 








. . • 


. • ■ 






11 6ang 


























... 


... 


12 eh 


• • ■ 


cheh 


ch'eh 
















jeh 


keh 


k'eh 




13 ei 


... 




... 








fei 








. > * 


• • • 


■ • ■ 


kwei 


14 en 


• ■ ■ 


chen 


















jen 


. . • 


. * • 




151 


i 


chi 


ch'l 








fi 




hi ' 






kl 


k'l 


. . . 


16 id 


... 


• • • 


... 








« < • 




hid 




■ . * 


kid 


k'id 


• . - 


I7idh 


... 


... 


... 








• • • 




hidh 




* * ■ 


> . . 


. * . 


. . ■ 


18 idng 


■ ■ • 


. • * 


. . ■ 








. • ■ 




hidng 






kidng 




. .. 


19idu 


... 


■ > « 


• ■ • 








■ • « 




hidu 






kidu 


k'idu 




2016 


... 


■ • • 


■ ■ 1 








• • • 




. • ■ 




. . ■ 


. • ■ 


. . . 




21ieh 


... 


... 


• • • 








. > ■ 




hieh 




. . > 




* 




22ien 






• ■ • 








• • > 




hien 






kien 


k'ien 




23 ih 




chih 


ch'ih 












hih 




jih 


kih 


k'ih 




24 m 


... 


chin 


ch'in 
















Jin 


kin 


k'in 


. .. 


25ing 




ching 


ch'ing 












hing 






king 


k'ing 




26ioh 


... 


... 


... 








... 




hioh 




. . > 


kioh 


k'ioh 


. . . 


27 iueh 


... 


... 


... 








... 




hiueh 






kiueh 


. . ■ 




28 iuen 


... 












• > * 




hiuen 






kiuen 


k'iuen 




29iuh 




• • * 


... 








■ > ■ 




hiuh 




... 


. . * 


k'iuh 




30iun 


... 


• • ■ 


... 












hiun 




. ■ ■ 


. . ■ 


. . ■ 


. . > 


31 iung 


• • ■ 


• . « 


. . . 












hiung 








k'iung 


... 


32 





... 










• • . 




ho 






ko 


k'o 


kwo 


33 oh 




choh 


ch'oh 








foh 




hoh 


hwoh 


joh 


koh 


k'oh 


kwoh 


34 rh 


• * * 


> > ■ 


. . • 
























35 8z 


... 


... 


... 












* . • 






. . * 






36 li 


... 


chd 


ch'ii 








fu 




hii 




ju 


kti 


k'd 




37 ii 


... 


• * • 


• • • 








. . * 




hii 




jii 


kii 


k'u 




38ueh 


... 


chueh 


ch'ueh 
























39uen 


... 


chuen 


ch'uen 












. . . 












40 uh 


... 


chuh 


ch'uh 








fuh 








juh 


kuh 






41 ui 


• • • 


chui 


ch'ui 
















jui 


... 






42iii 


■ ■ • 


. . • 


• * * 








• ■ • 










... 






43 un 


• . • 


chun 


ch'un 
















jun 


... 






44ung 


ung 


chung 


ch'ung 








fung 




hung 




Jung 


kung 


k'ung 





32 



INTRODUCTION. 



Syllabary of the Mandarin 


Dialect according to Dr. Williama' 


System of Orthography.— Continued. 


Initials. 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 




kw' 


1 


Iw 


m 


mw 


n 


i^g 


nw 


P 


P' 


pw 


pw' 


rh 


8 


Finals. 






























Id 


kw'd 


Id 




md 




nd 






pd 


p'd 


. > . 


... 




■ • ■ 


2dh 




Idh 




. •• 




ndh 


... 




pdh 


1 
' ' ' 1 






sdh 


3di 




Idi 




mdi 




ndi 






pdi 


p'di 




... 


... 


• > • 


4 an 


kw'an 










... 


... 




pan 


... 




... 


... 


■ - • 


6dn 




Idn 


Iwdn 


mdn 


mwdn 


ndn 


ngdn 


nwdn 


pdn 


p'dn 


pwdn 


pw'dn 


... 


sdn 


6 ang 




lang 




mang 




nang 


ngang 




pang 


p'ang 






... 


sang 


7dng 




Idng 




mdng 




ndng 


... 




pdng 


p'dng 






... 


... 


8 au 




lau 




mau 




... 


ngau 




pau 


p'au 




. . . 


... 


sau 


9du 




Idu 




mdu 




ndu 


* * * 




pdu 


p'du 




. . . 


... 


sdu 


10 6 




■ • ■ 








... 


. ■ • 




... 






. . . 




... 


11 6ang 








... 




n^ang 


... 




... 


... 






. . ■ 


... 


12 eh 




leh 




meh 






ngeh 




peh 


... 




... 


... 


seh 


13 ei 


kw'ei 






mei 


... 


• • . 


. . . 




pei 


p'ei 




... 


... 


• . ■ 


14 en 




... 




• ■ • 


. . . 


. . . 


• * • 




. . . 


... 






... 


... 


16 i 




11 




ml 




nl 


. . . 




pi 


P'i 






... 


si 


16 id 




• • • 








• • I 


* > > 






... 






... 


... 


I7idh 




. . • 




... 




* . * 






... 


... 




... 




• • . 


18 idng 




lidng 




. . . 




... 






... 


... 




... 


... 


siang 


19idu 




lidu 


. . . 


midu 




nidu 


> .* 




pidu 


p'idu 




... 


.. . 


sidu 


20 i6 




• • • 




• • * 




. • > 


... 




... 


... 




. .. 


... 


si^ 


21ieh 




• ■ • 




mieh 




nieh 


. ■ * 




pieh 


p'ieh 




... 


... 




22ien 




lien 


... 


mien 




nien 


• . . 




pien 


p'ien 




. .• 


... 


sien 


23 ih 




Uh 




mih 




nih 


. . • 




pih 


p'ih 




... 


... 


sih 


24 in 




lin 




... 




... 


• ■ • 




pin 


p'in 




... 


. . . 


sin 


25 ing 




ling 




ming 




ning 


... 




ping 


p'ing 




... 


... 


sing 


26ioh 




lioh 




. * . 




■ • • 


• . * 






... 




... 


... 


sioh 


27 iueh 




liueh 




• . . 




. • . 


... 






. . . 






... 


• • • 


28 iuen 




liuen 










... 












. ■ . 


siuen 


29iuh 




Uuh 




... 




■ * * 


... 






... 




... 


... 


... 


30iun 




... 








... 


... 






... 




... 


... 


siun 


31 iung 




... 




... 






. . . 






k * " 




... 


... 


... 


32 








mo 




no 


ngo 




po 


p'o 




. . . 


. . . 


so 


33 oh 




loh 




moh 


. . . 


noh 


ngoh 




poh 


p'oh 






. . ■ 


soh 


34 rh 








... 




... 






... 


... 






rh 


... 


35 sz 




• • • 




. . ■ 




■ . • 






. . . 






. ■ • 


... 


sz 


36 li 




Id 




md 




nd 






pd 


p'd 




... 


... ' 


sd 


37 ii 




m 








nd 






... 


... 




... 1 


1 


8d 


38ueh 




• > 1 








* .• 








••• 


... 


... 


• •• 


39uen 




• • • 


... 


. .. 




. . . 






... 


... , , , 


• • . 


. • • 


... 


40 uh 




luh 


_ 


muh 




nuh 






puh 




... 


• * . 


8Uh 


41 ui 




lui 








nui 








... 


... 


. . . 


... 


sui 


42 id 




• •. 




... 




... 






... 


... 




» . . 


• • • 


• • • 


43 \m 




lun 




mun 




nun 






pun 


... 




. . . 


• . • 


sun 


44 ung 




lung 


• a • 


mung 




nung 






pung 


p'ung 


... 


..• 


... 


sung 



INTRODUCTION. 



33 



Syllabary of 


the Mandarin Dialect < 


xccordiny to Dr. Williams' System of OrtJiography- 


— Continued. 


Initials. 


28 


29 


30 31 


32 


33 


34 


35 


36 


37 \ 


38 


39 


40 


sh 


shw 


sw 


t 


t' 


ts 


ts' 


tsw 


tsw' 


tw: 


tw' 


w 


y 


Finals. 












! 1 ' 








Id 


shd 


• • ■ 


. . . 


td 


t'd 


... ... ... 


1 


... 


... 


wd 


... 


2dh 


shah 


shwdh 


■ • * 


tdh 


t'dh tsdh 1 


... 


... 






ydh 


Sdi 


shdi 


shwdi 




tdi 


t'di 


! 


... 


... 


... 


wdi 


ydi 


4 an 


* . , 








... 


... . • • 




... 


... 


wan 


■ . ■ 


6 An 


shan 




swAn 


tdn 


t'dn 


tsan ts'dn 


tswdn tsw' an 


twdn 


tw'dn 


wdn 


... 


6ang 




. . . 


... 


tang 


t'ang 


tsang ts'ang 






... 


... 


... 


... 


7dng 


... 


shwdng 


... 


tdng 


t'dngj tsang ; ts'dug 






... 


... 


wdng 


yang 


8 au 


shau 






tau 


t'au 


tsau ts'au 






... 


... 


• . . 


. . . 


9 4u 


shdu 




. . . 


tdu 


t'du 


tsdu ts'du 






... 


... 


... 


ydu 


10 6 


. .. 


... 


... 


... 






... 






... 


... 


... 


y6 


11 6ang 




... 




. • . 


. . . 


... 








... 


... 


... 


... 


12 eh 


sheh 


... 


. . * 


teh 


. . . 


tseh ts'eh 






... 


... 


... 


... 


13 ei 


> . < 




... 


... 


... 


... i , , , 






• . • 


... 


wci 


. . • 


14 en 


shen 


... 


. . . 




. .. 


• • • ■ ■ . 






... 


... 


. . . 


yen 


15 i 


shi 




■ . . 


tl 


t'i 


• • . • ■ * 






... 


... 




. .• 


16 id 


, , , 




. • * 


... 


* . * 


i 
... 1 ... 


1 


... 


... 






17idh 


• • • 




• . . 


... 


. . . 


1 






... 




... 




18 idng 




... 




. . * 




tsidng j ts'idng 


... 




... 




... 




19idu 


• • • 






tidu 


t'idu 


tsidu 1 ts'idu 






... 


... 


... 


• . ■ 


20 16 i 


shi6 


... 








tsi6 ts'i6 






... 


... 


... 




21ieh 1 


* > • 




. . . 




... tsieh i ts'ieh 






... 




... 




22ien 


• • ■ 


... 


... 


tien 


t'ien tsien ! ts'ien 






... 


... 


... 




23 ih 


shih 






tih 


t'ih tsih ts'ih 






... 




... 


yih 


24 in 


shin 


. •• 


. . . 






ts'in 






... 




... 


yin 


25 ing 


shing 




* * • 


ting 


t'ing tsing ts'ing 






... 


... 


... 


yiiig 


26ioh ! 


... 


. • . 






... 


tsioh ts'ioh 






... 


... 


... 


... 


27 iueh 




• • • 


... 


... 


... 


tsiueh 








... 


... 


... 


... 


28 iuen 


• • • 


. • ■ 


... 


... 


... 


tsiuen 


ts'iuen 


... 


... 




... 


... 


29iuh 


■ • • 


... 


. . . 


... 


... 


. • • 








... 


... 


... 


... 


30iun 


• ■ • 


... 


. .. 




... 


tsiun 








..'. 


... 


... 


... 


31 iung 


• . • 


... 




... 


••• i ... 


... 






... 


... 


... 


... 


32 


• * • 




... 


to 


t'o tso 


ts'o 






... 


... 


wo 


... 


33 oh 


shoh 


shwoh 




toh 


t'oh tsoh 


ts'oh 






... 


... 


... 


yoh 


34 rh 


■ •« 


... 






... 










... 


... 


... 


... 


35 sz 


... 


* • ■ 


... 


. . . 


... 


tsz 


ts'z 




... 


. .. 


... 


... 


... 


36 u 


shu 


. . * 


... 


td 


t'ti 


tsu \ ts'u 






. . . 


... 


wu 


yu 


37 ii 


... 






• . ■ 




tsii 


ts'ii 






. .. 


... 


... 


... 


38ueh 


... 


. . * 




■ . . 


, ,. , . , 










... 


... 


... 


39uen 




... 




. . . 


... i ^,^ 1 ,,, 






. . . 




... 


yuen 


40 uh 


shuh 


• . * 




tnh 


t'uh tsuh 


ts'uh 






. . . 




wuh 


yuh 


41 ui 




shwui 


... 




tsui ' 


ts'ui 








... 


... 


... 


42ui 


• ■ • 




... 


tiii 


t'ui tsiii 


ts'ui 








... 


... 


... 


43 un 


shun 






tun 


t'un tsun 


ts'un 






. . . 


... 


... 


... 


44 ung 


! shung 




. • . 


tung 


t'ung 


tsung 


ts'ung 






... 


... 


... 


yung 



34 



INTRODUCTION, 



The Svllaban of Mr, Wades* with the forrespoiuliiij; orthojsraph) 
adopted hy hr. >Villiamst and hr. Morrison t. 



* 

1 A. 


t 
A. 


T 

0. 


m 


52 Chiian. 


Kiuen. 


Keuen. 


m 


88 Hao. 


Hdu. 


Haou. 


1 


2 Ai. 
« An. 


Ydi. 

Ngdn. 


Yae. 
An. 


^ 
^ 


53 Ch'iian. 

54 Chiieh. 


K'iuen. 
Kiueh 


Keuen. 
Kcuo. 


m 


-?::. } 


Heh. 


Hih. 


^ 


4 Ang. 


Ngdng. 


Gang. 


^ 


55 Ch'iieh. 


Kiueh. 


Keue. 


m 


90 H6n. 


Han. 


Han. 


m 


5 Ao. 


Ngdu. 


Aoa. 


f 


56 Chiin. 


Kiun. 


Keun. 


m 


91 H6ng. 


Hang. 


Hang. 


1^ 


6 Cha. 


Chdh. 


Cha. 


+L 


57 Ch'iin. 


K'iun. 


Keun. 


s 


92 Ho. 


Ho. 


Ho. 


1^ 


7 Ch'a. 


Ch'd. 


Cha. 


3C 


58 Chu. 


Chu. 


Choo. 


m 


23 Hou. 


Hou. 


How. 


« 


8 Cliai. 


Tseh. 


Tsih. 


m 


59 Ch'u. 


Ch'ii. 


Choo. 


m 


94 Hu. 


Hii. 


Hoo. 


¥ 


9 Ch'ai. 


Ch'di. 


Chae. 


u 


60 Chua. 


Chdu. 


Chaou. 


% 


95 Hua. 


Hwd. 


Hwa. 


^ 


10 Clian. 


Chen. 


Chen. 


^ 


61 Chuai. 


1. 


. . • 


n 


96 Huai. 


Hwai. 


Hwac. 


m 


11 Ch'an. 


Ts'an. 


Chan. 


Wk 


62 Ch'uan. 


Ch'ui. 


Chuy. 


im 


97 Huan. 


Hwan. 


Hwan. 


m 


12 Chang. 


Chang. 


Cliang. 


m 


63 Chuan. 


Chuen. 


Chuen. 


¥ 


98 Huang. 


Hwdng 


Hwang 


■ m 


13 Cli'ang. 


Ch'dng. 


Chang. 


g 


64 Ch'uan. 


Ch'uen. 


Chuen. 


^ 


99 Hui. 


Hwui. 


H^vuy. 


91 


14 Chao. 


Chdu. 


Chaou. 




65 Chuang. Chwdng. Chwdng. ^ 


100 ^"*^^- " 
Hun. 


TT ivn n 


TTwAn 


# 


15 Ch'ao. 


Ch'du. 


Chaou. 


M 


66 Chuang.Ch'Avdng.Chwan 


^m- 


j_L n ciii* 


XX TT au. 


16 Che. 


Ch6. 


Chay. 


M 


67 Chui. 


Chui. 


Chuy. 


m 


101 Hung. 


Hung. 


Hung. 


1^ 


17 Ch'6. 


Ch'(i. 


Chay. 


s 


68 Ch'ui. 


Ch'ui. 


Ch'uy. 


vk 


102 Huo. 


Ho. 


Ho. 


^ 


18 Chei. 


Ch6. 


Chay. 


ia. 


69 Chun. 


Chun. 


Chun. 


m 


103 Hsi. 


HI. 


He. 


^ 


19 Chen. 


Chin. 


Chin. 


% 


70 Ch'un. 


Ch'un. 


Chun. 


m 


204 Hsia. 


Hid. 


Hea. 


m 


20 Ch'6n. 


Ch'in. 


Chin. 


m 


71 Chung. 


Chung. 


Chung. 


^ 


105 Hsiang. 


Sidng. 


Seang 


« 


21 Cheng. 


Ching. 


Ching. 


jt 


72 Ch'ung. 


Ch'ung 


Chung. 


'/^ 


106 Hsiao. 


Sioh. 


Seo. 


M 


22 Ch'6ng. 


Ch'ing. 


Ch'ing. 


w 


Chwa. 


see 


Chuan. 


(60) 


107 Hsieh. 


Hieh. 


Hee. 


^ 


23 Chi. 


Ki. 


Ke. 


m 


Chwai 


see 


Chuai. 


(61) 


108 Hsien. 


Sien. 


Seen. 


^ 


24 Ch'i. 


K'i. 


Ke. 


m 


Ch'wai. 


see 


Ch'uai. 


(62) 


109 Hsin. 


Sin. 


Sin. 


>o 


25 Chia. 


Kid. 


Kea. 


m 


Chwan. 


see 


Chuan. 


(03) 


110 Hsing. 


Sing. 


Sing. 




26 Ch'ia. 


Tsdh. 


Tsa. 


■f> 


Ch'wan 


. see 


Ch'uan 


.(64) 


Ill Hsio. 


Hioh. 


Heo. 


m 


27 Cliiang 


Tsidng. 


Tsiang. 


m 


Chwan. 


soe 


Chuang. (65) 


112 Hsiu. 


Siu. 


Sew. 


n 


28 Ch'iang 


Ts'idng 


Tsiang. 


It 


Ch'wan 


g. see 


Ch'uang. (0(5) 


113 Hsiung 


Hiung. 


Heung 


• yt 


29 Chiao. 


Kidu. 


Keaou. 


^ 


73 fi. 


Ngo: 


Go. 


t€ 


114 Hsu. 


Su. 


Sew. 




30 Ch'iao. 


Kidu. 


Keaou. 


x.^ 


74 fin. 


Ngan. 


Gan. 




115 Hsaan. 


Siuen. 


Heuen 


• Bi 


31 Chieh. 


Kidi. 


Keae. 


m 


75 Fa. 


Fdh. 


Fa. 


is 


116 Hsiieh. 


Hiueh. 


Heue. 


^ 


32 Ch'ieh. 


Ts'ieh. 


Tse. 


m 


76 Fan. 


Fan. 


Fan. 


)i 


Hsiien. 


see 


Ilsuan. 


(115) 


33 Chien. 


Tsien. 


Tscen. 


m 


77 Fang 


Fang. 


Fang. 


i7 


117 Hsiin. 


Hiun. 


Heun. 


m 


34 Ch'ien. 


Ts'ien. 


Tsecn. 


=f 


78 Fei. 


Fi. 


Fe. 


^ 


^<. ] 


.1. 


E. 


55c 


35 Chih. 


Chi. 


Che. 


^ 


79 F6n. 


Fan. 


Fun. 


^ 


36 Ch'ih. 


Ch'i. 


Che. 


iw 


80 F6ng. 


Fung. 


Fung 


^ 


119 Jan. 


Jen. 


Jen. 


H^ 


37 Chin. 


Kin. 


Kin. 


<fe 


Fi. 


see 


Fei. 


(78) 


120 Jang. 


Jdng. 


Jang. 


m 


38 Ch'in. 


K'in. 


Kin. 


f 


81 Fo. 


Fuh. 


Fuh. 


m 


121 Jao. 


Jdu. 


Jaou. 


m 


39 Ching. 


Tsing. 


Tsing. 


m 


82 Fou. 


Fau. 


Faw. 


^ 


Jf'. 


see 


Jo. ^ 


(125) 


40 Ch'ing. 


Ts'ing. 


Tsing. 


^ 


83 Fu. 


Fu. 


Foo. 


^ 


122 J^n. 


Jin. 


Jin. 


K 


41 Chio. 


Kioh. 


Keo. 


m 


Ga. 


see 


A. 


(1) 


123 J^ng. 




Jing. 


m 


42 Ch'io. 


Kioh. 


Keo. 


*ij 


Gai. 


see 


Ai. 


(2) 


124 Jih. 


Jih. 


Jih. 


B 


43 Chiu. 


Ts'iii. 


Tseaou. 


m 


Gan. 


soe 


An. 


(3) 


125 Jo. 


Jeh. 


Jo. 


m 


44 Ch'iu. 


Ts'iu. 


Tseaou. 


m. 


Gang. 


see 


Aug. 


(4) 


Joan. 


see 


Juan. 


(128) 


46 Ch'iung. K'iung 


Keung 


'i^ 


Gao. 


see 


Ao. 


(5) 


126 Jou. 


Jau. 


Jaw 


^ 


46 Cho. 


Ch'oh. 


Cho. 


^ 


QL 


soe 


fi. 


(73) 


127 Ju. 


J6. 


Joo. 


im 


47 Ch'o. 


Ch'oh. 


Cho. 


^ 


Gtrn. 


see 


fin. 


(74) 


128 Juan. 


Yuen. 


Juon. 


k 


Choan. 


soe 


Chuan. 


(«3) 


Go. 


8eofi.(73)&0. 


(233) 


129 Jui. 


Jui. 


Juv. 

• 


M. 


Ch'oan 


860 


Ch'uan 


m) 


Gou. 


see 


Ou. 


(237) 


130 Jan. 


Yun. 


Yun. 


ic 


48 Chou. 


Chau. 


Chow. 


m 


84 Ha. 


. » 1 


nea. 


^ 


131 Jung. 


Yung. 


Yung. 


m 


49 Ch'ou. 


Ch'au. 


Chow. 


^ 


85Hai. 


HAi. 


Hac. 


^ 


Jwant 


see 


Juan. 


(128) 


50 Chii. 


Kil. 


Keu. 


m 


86 Itani 


lldn. 


Han. 


yy^ 


132 Ka. 


t . • 


» • • 


1 


61 Ch'U* 


K% 


Ktu. 


ik 


1 B?&fta«> 


Hdng. 


fianij. 


^ 


133 Kai. 


Kdi. 


Km. 



INTilODUCTION; 



y 



The Syllabary of Mr. Wade, with the corresponding orthography adopted by 
Dr. Willia)ns and Dr. Morrison. — Continued. 



134 K'ai. 

135 Kan. 
186 K'an. 

137 Kang. 

138 K'ang. 

139 Kao. 

140 K'ao. 
Ke. 
K'e. 

141 Kei. 

142 K'ei. 

143 Ken. 

144 K'en. 

145 Keng. 

146 K'eng. 

147 Ko. 

148 K'o. 

149 Kou. 

150 K'ou. 

151 Ku. 

152 K'u. 

153 Kua. 

154 K'ua. 

155 Kuai. 

156 K'uai. 

157 Kuan. 

158 K'uan. 
169 Kuang. 

160 K'uang. 

161 Kuei. 

162 K'uei. 
Kuen, 
Kun. 
K'uen. 
K'un. 

165 Kiing. 

166 K'ung. 



163 



164 






K'ai. 
Kan. 
an. 
Kdng. 
Kang. 
Kdu. 
K'au. 

see 

see 
Kill. 
K'eh. 
Kin. 
K'an. 
Kang. 
Kang. 
Ko. 
K'o. 
Kau. 
K'au. 
Ku. 
K'u. 
KwA. 
Kw'd. 
Kwai. 
Kw'di. 
Kwan. 
Kw'an. 
KwAng. 
Kw'dng. 
Kwei. 
Kw'ei. 



Kae. 

Kan. 

Kan. 

Kang. 

Kang. 

Kaou. 

Kaou. 

Ko. 

K'o. 

Keih. 

Kih. 

Kan. 

Kan. 

Kang. 

Kang. 

Ko. 

Ko. 

Kow. 

Kow. 

Koo. 

Koo. 

Kwa. 

Kwa. 

Kwae. 

Kwae. 

Kwan. 

Kwan. 

Kwang. 

Kw'ang. 

Kwei. 

Kwei. 



n 

# 

(147) 
(148) 

M 



y% 



m 
m 



Kwan. Kwan. 



Kw'an. Kwan. 



167 Kuo. 
Kwa. 
K'wa. 
Kwai. 
K'wai. 
Kwan. 
K'wan. 
Kwang. 
K'wang. 
Kwei. 
K'wei. 

Kwen. 



Kung. 
K'ung. 



Kwoh 
see 
see 
see 
see 
see 
see 
see 
see 
see 
see 

see 



Kung. 
Kung. 



K'wen. see 



Kwo. 

168 La. 

169 Lai. 



see 
Lah. 
lAi. 



Kw6. 
Kua. 
K'ua. 
Kuai. 
K'uai. 
Kuan. 
K'uan. 
Kuang. 
K'uang. 
Kuei. 
K'uei. 
/Ku6n. 
iKun. 
K'uen. 
K'un. 
JCuo. 
La. 
Ijae. 



{ 



X 

m 

(153) 
(154) 
(155) 
(156) 
(157) 
(158) 
(159) 
(160) 
(161) 
(162) 

(163) 

(164) 
(165) 

m 



170 Lan. Lan. Lan. 



171 Lang. 

172 Lao! 

173 Le. 
L6a. 
Leang. 
Leao. 
Leeh. 
L6en. 
Lei. 



174 



Lei 



} 



175 Leng. 

176 Li. 

177 Lia. 

178 Liang. 

179 Liao. 

180 Lieh. 

181 Lien. 

182 Lin. 

183 Ling. 

184 Lio. 

185 Liu. 

186 Lo. 

187 Lou. 
118 Lii. 

189 Liieh. 

190 Lun. 
see also 

191 Lu. 

192 Luan. 

193 Lun. 
see also 

194 Lung. 

195 Ma. 

196 Mai. 

197 Man. 

198 Mang. 

199 Mao. 

200 Mei. 

201 Men. 

202 Meng. 

203 Mi. 

204 Miao. 

205 Mieh. 

206 Mien. 

207 Min. 

208 Ming. 

209 Miu. 

210 Mo. 

211 Mou. 

212 Mu. 
Muan. 

213 Na. 

214 Nai. 
216 Nan. 



L^mg. 

Lau. 

Leh. 

see 

see 

see 

see 

see 

Lui. 

Ling. 
LI. 

Lidng. 
Liang. 
Lidu. 
Lieh. 
Lien. 
Lin. 
Ling. 
Lioh. 
Liu. 
Lo. 
Lau. 
Lii. 
Lioh. 
Lun, 
Lun. 
Lu. 
Lwdn. 
Lun. 
Lixn. 
Lung. 
Md. 
Mdi. 
Man. 
Mang. 
Mdu. 
Mei. 
Miin. 
Mung. 
Mi. 
Midu. 
Mieh. 
Mien. 
Min. 
Ming. 
Miu. 
Mo. 
Mau. 
Muh. 
see 
Nd. 
Ndi. 
Ndn. 



Lang. 
Laou. 
Lih. 
Lia. 
Liang. 
Liao. 
Lieh. 
Lien. 

Luy. 

Ling. 

Le. 

Leang. 

Leang. 

Leaou. 

Lee. 



m 

Wi 

(177) 
(178) 
(179) 
(180) 
(181) 



Lin. 
Ling. 
Leo. 
Lew. 

n.o. 

Low. 
Leu. 
Leo. 
Lun. 

Loo. 

Lwan. 

Lun. 

Lung. 

Ma. 

Mae. 

Man. 

Mang. 

Maou. 

Mei. 

Mun. 

Mung. 

Me. 

Meaou 

Mee. 

Meen. 

Min. 

Ming. 

Mew. 

Mo. 

Mow. 

Muh. 

Man. 

Na. 

Nae. 

Nan. 



m 
It 

# 



^ 

Kl 



E 



^1 



m 



PI 
m 



(197) 
7^ 



216 Nang. 

217 Nao. 

218 Nei. 
N^ang. 
N6ao. 
N^eh. 
N^en. 

219 Nen. 

220 Neng. 

221 Ni. 

222 Niang. 

223 Niao. 

224 Nieh. 

225 Nien. 

226 Ning. 

227 Niu. 

228 No. 
Noan 

229 Nil. 

230 Nu. 

231 Nuan. 

232 Nung. 
Nwan. 
Ng A. 
Ng Ai. 
Ng An. 
Ng Ang. 
Ng Ao. 
Ng£. 
Ng £n. 
NgO. 
NgOu. 

233 0. 

234 Ou. 

235 Pa. 

236 P'a. 

237 Pai. 

238 P'ai. 

239 Pan. 

240 P'an. 

241 Pang. 



Ndng. Nang. ^ 

Ndu. Naou. # 

Nui. Nuy. p^ 

see Niang. (222) 

see Niao. (213) 

see Nieh. (214) 

see Nien. (215) 

Nun, Nun. ^ 

Nung. Nung. M. 

m. Ne. 

N&ing. Neang. 

Nidu. Neaou. 

Nieh. Nee, 

Nien. Neen. 

Ning. Ning, 

Niu, New, 

No, No, 

see Nuan, (231) 

Nil. Neu, ^ 

Nu, Noo, ^ 

Nwdn. Nwan. ^ 

Nung Nung. {^ 

see Nuan, (237) 

see A. (1) 

see Ai. (2) 

see An, (3) 

see Ang, (4) 

see Ao, (5) 

seefi.(73)&0.(233) 

see En. (74) 

see£.(73)&0.(233) 

see 



^ 



Jtrt. 



NgO. 

Ngau. 

Pdh. 

P'a, 

Pih. 

Peh. 

Pdn. 

P'dn. 

Pdng. 

P'dng. 

Pdu. 

P'du. 



Ou. 

Go. 

Gow. 

Ph. 

Pa. 

Peih. 

Pih. 

Pan. 

Pan. 

Pang. 

Pang. 

Paou. 

Paou. 



(234) 

A 



^ 



n 



242 P'ang. 

243 Pao. 

244 P'ao. 
Pe. see Pai. (237) & Po. (263) 

245 Pei. 

246 P'ei. 

247 Pen. 

248 P'en. 

249 Peng. 



250 P'eng 

251 Pi. 

252 P'i, 

253 Piao. 

254 P'iao, 



PI, 

P'ei, 

Pan. 

P'in. 

Pang, 

P'ang, 

Pih. 

P'ih. 

Pidu. 

P'iau. 



Pe. 

Pei, 

Pun, 

Pun, 

Pang. 

Pang. 

Peih. 

Peih. 

Peaou. 

Peaou. 



^ 
m 






7B 



INTBOBUCTION 



The Syllahary of Mr. W ode, with the correspond iufj orlhoyi^aphy adopted by 
Dr. Wllliama and Dr. Morrison. — Contintied. 



265 Pieh. 
256 Fieh. 
267 Pien. 
258 P'ien. 
269 Pin. 

260 P'in. 

261 Ping. 

262 P'ing. 

263 Po. 

264 P'o. 

266 Pu. 

266 P'u. 
Eh. 

267 Sa. 

268 Sai. 

269 San. 

270 Sang. 

271 Sao. 

272 Se. 

273 S6ng. 

274 So. 

275 Sou. 

276 Su. 

277 Suan. 

278 Sui. 

279 Sun. 

280 Sung. 
Swan. 

281 Sha. 

282 Shai. 

283 Shan. 

284 Shdng. 

285 Shdo. 

286 She. 

287 Shen. 

288 Sh6ng. 

289 Shih. 
Sho. 

290 Shou. 

291 Shu. 

292 Shua. 

293 Shuai. 

294 Shuan. 
296 Shuang. 

296 Shui. 

297 Shun. 

298 Shuo. 
Shwa. 
Shwai. 
Shwan. 
Shwang, 
Shwui. 

290 Szu. 
300 Ta. 



Pieh. 

P'ieh. 

Pien. 

P'ien. 

Pin. 

Fin. 

Ping. 

Fing. 

Po. 

Fo. 

Puh. 

P'u. 

see 
Sdh. 
Seh. 
Sdn. 
Sjlng. 
Sdu. 
Sih. 
Sang. 
So. 
Sau. 
Suh. 
Swdn. 
Sui. 
Sun. 
Sung. 

see 
Shd. 
ShAi. 
Shen. 
ShAng. 
Slidu. 
Sh6. 
Shin. 
Shing. 
Shi. 

see 
Shau. 
Shuh. 
Shwdh. 
ShwAi. 
SwAn. 
Shwdnf 
Shui. 
Shun. 
Shwoh. 

see 

see 

see 

see S 

see 
Sz. 
T6. 



Pee. 


m 


Pee. 




Peen. 


^ 


Peen. 


li 


Pin. 


m 


Pin. 


^ 


Ping. 


^ 


Ping. 


^ 


Po. 


««t 


Fo. 


^ 


Puh. 


^> 


Poo. 


m 


TJrh. 


(372) 


Sa. 





Sai. 


m 


San. 


— 


Sang. 


^ 


Saou. 


m 


Sih. 


m 


Sang. 


ft 


So. 


^ 


Sow. 


% 


Siih. 


i^ 


Swan. 


^ 


Suy. 


m 


Sun. 


# 


Sung. 


m 


Suan. 


(277) 


Sha. 


w 


Shae. 


IS 


Shen. 


m 


Shang 


• m 


Shaou 


■ m 


Shay. 


^ 


Shin. 


^ 


Shing 


^ 


She. 


m 


Shuo. 


(292) 


Show. 


>\^ 


Shuh. 


M 


Shwj'i. 


m 


Shwae 


^ 


Tscuen. ^ 


'. Shwang. ^ 


Shwuy. f^ 


Shun. 


/ip 


Shwo. 


m 


Shua. 


(292) 


Shuai. 


(293) 


Shuan. 


(294) 


liuang. 


(296) 


Shui. 


(296) 


Sze. 


<@> 


Ta. 


i^ 



301 T'a. 

302 Tai. 

303 T'ai. 

304 Tan. 
306 T'an. 

306 Tang. 

307 T'ang. 

308 Tao. 

309 T'ao. 

310 Te. 

311 T'eh. 

312 Tei. 

313 Teng. 

314 T'eng. 

315 Ti. 

316 T'i. 

317 Tiao. 

318 T'iao. 

319 Tieh. 

320 T'ieh. 

321 Tien. 

322 T'ien. 

323 Ting. 

324 T'ing. 

325 Tiu. 

326 To. 

327 T'o. 

328 Tou. 

329 T'ou. 

330 Tu. 

331 T'u. 

332 Tuan. 

333 T'uan. 

334 Tui. 

335 T'ui. 

336 Tun. 

337 T'un. 

338 Tung. 

339 T'ung. 
Twan. 
T'wan. 

340 Tsa. 

341 Ts'a. 

342 Tsai. 

343 Ts'ai. 
34-1. Tsan. 

345 Ts'an. 

346 Tsang. 

347 Ts'ang. 

348 Tsao. 
849 Ts'ao. 
350 Ts6. 
861 Ts'A. 
352 Tsei. 



T'd. 

TAi. 

T'di. 

Tdn. 

T'dn. 

TAng. 

T'dng. 

Tdu. 

T'du. 

Teh. 

Teh. 

Tih. 

Tang. 

T'ang. 

Ti. 

T'i. 

Tidu. 

T'idu. 

Tieh. 

T'ieh. 

Tien. 

T'ien. 

Ting. 

T'ing. 

Tiu. 

To. 

T'o. 

Tau. 

T'au. 

TA. 

T'ti. 

Twdn. 

T'wdn. 

Tui. 

T'ui. 

Tun. 

T'un. 

Tung. 

T'ung. 

see 

see 
Tsdh. 
Ch'dh. 
Tsdi. 
Ts'di. 
Tsdn. 
Ts'dn. 
Tsdng. 
Ts'dng. 
Tsdu. 
Ts'du. 
Tsoh. 
Ts'eh. 
Ts'ih. 



363Tsfen. Tsang. Tsang. ^ 

364 Tseng. Tsang. Tsang. -Q* 

355Ts'eng. Ts'ang. Tsang. j|^ 

356 Tso. Tsoh. Tsq. -f^ 

357T8'o. Ts'oh. Tso. jjf 

Tsi. see Chi. (23) 

Ts'i. see Th'i. (24) 

Tsiang. see Chiang. (27) 

Ts'iang. see Ch'iang. (28) 

Tsiao. see Chiao. (29) 

Ts'iao. see Ch'iao. (30) 

Tsieh. see Chieh. (31) 

Ts'ieh. see Ch'ieh. (32) 

Tsien. see Chien. (33) 

Ts'ien. see Ch'ien. (34) 

Tsih. see Ts6 (350) & Tsei (352) 

Ts'ih. see Ts'e. (351) 

Tsing. see Ching. (39) 

Ts'ing. see Ch'ing.(40) 

Tsio. see Chio. (41) 

Ts'io. see Ch'io. (42) 

Tsiu. see Chiu. (43) 

Ts'iu. see Ch'iu. (44) 

Tsoan. see Tsuan. (367) 

Ts'oan. see T8'uan.(362) 

358TSOU. Tsau. Tsow. ^ 

369Ts'ou. Ts'au. Tsow. ^ 

360 Tsu. Tsuh. Tsiih. Jg 

361T8'u. Ts'u. Tsoo. jft 

362 Tsuan, Tswdn. Tswan. 



^ 



Tsw'dn. 

Tsui. 

Ts'ui. 

Tsun. 

Ts'un. 

Tsung. 

Ts'ung. 

see 

sec 
Tsz'. 
Ts'z'. 

see 

see 

see 

see 

see 

see 

Rh. 

Wji. 

Wdi. 

llwun. 

Wang. 

Wei. 

Wan. 



Tswan. 

Tsuy. 

Tsuy. 

Tsun. 

Tsim. 

Tsung. 



m 

7n 



Tsung. 
Tsuan. (362) 
T8'uan.(363) 
Tsze. ^ 
Tsze. itfc 
Ya. (391) 
Yuan. (392) 
Yiieh.(393) 
Yuan.(894) 
Yun. (395) 




INTRODUCTION. 



37 



The Syllahary of Mr. Wade, with the corresponding orthography adopted by 
Dr. Williams and Dr. Morrison. — Contimied. 



379 Weng. 

380 Wo. 

381 Wu. 

382 Ta. 

383 Yai. 

384 Yang. 
386 Yao. 



Ung. 

Wo. 

Wii. 

Yd. 

Ydi. 

YAng. 

Yau. 



Ung. 

Wo. 

Woo. 

Ya. 

Yae. 

Yang. 

Yaou. 



1=1 



388 



386 Yeh. 

387 Yen. 
Yi. 
I. 

389 Yin. 

390 Ying. 

391 Yo. 



} 



Yih. 
Yen. 

Yih. 

Yin. 

Ying. 

Yoh. 



Yih. 
Yen. 

Yih. 

Yin. 
Ying. 



m 

m 



392 Yii 


Yu. 


Yu. 


J^ 


393 Yiian. 


Yuen. 


Yuen. 


% 


394 Yiieh. 


Yueh. 


Yue. 


H 


Yiien. 


Yiian. 


Yiian. 


(393) 


395 Yiin. 


Yun. 


Yun. 


:zr 


396 Yu. 


Yu. 


Yew. 




397 Yung. 


Yung. 


Yung. 


m 



Tlie Origin of the Written Lanonage. 

Few of those who at present use the various alphabets of Europe and Western Asia, ever think that 
the original form of the same was hieroglyphic. The f^ aleph of the Hebrew language was nothing but 
the figure of the head of an ox and was rudely written as the following representation "=^. Later it was 
changed into this ^ form, giving merely the outline of the face and the four extremities represent- 
ing the ears and the horns. But even this form was found inconvenient, on which account the Greek 
changed it into the following figixre o(. The Latin races not satisfied with this change, turned the head 
upside down and wrote simply this -f^-, which form is still preserved in our ornamental ^ 

If we proceed to India and Tibet we find the ancient Hebrew and Arabic alphabets transformed 
into the most fanciful characters, but with full phonetic power, such as attracts the admiration of the 
most profound linguists of Europe. 

All these nations, however, only used the few hieroglyphics as simple phonetics in the same man- 
ner as we now draw the picture of a cat in order to teach a child the letter C. 

The Epyptians, who appear to be of the same origin with the bulk of the Chinese population, per- 
petuated this system in their hieroglyphics, sounding only the first letter of each word in their phonetic 
representations . 

In China the only system approaching to this is the combination of initials and finals, i. e. one 
character representing the initial and the other the final. Thus the sound of the character %^ pi is 
represented by -^ pjng, the p being the initial; and by j^ mi, the i being the final, the two sounds 
combined giving pi, the proper pronunciation of the character ^>. 

This system did, however, not originate with the Chinese, but was introduced with Budhism, which 
was first taught in China A.D. 65. This syllabic spelling extended throughout China, was very preva- 
lent about A.D. 500 and is adopted in the Imperial Dictionary of Kanghi to give the correct pronunci- 
ation of the characters. 

From this clumsy mode of representing the living tongue the Egyptians advanced to the ideogra- 
phic system as we now find the same in China and Central America. The characters formed according 
to this system are composed of a compound either phonetic or descriptive, having a determinative (radi- 
cal, key or relative) defining the meaning. The Egyptian word [♦ hat, silver, is composed of white and 
a spade, the determinative of all metals. In China, silver is frequently called ^ ^ white silver or white 
currency, and the character is composed of ^, a limit, and ^, the determinative of metals. It is there- 
fore represented as a metal of limited value, the same having probably at an early date been fixed as a 
standard of local currency and as distinguished from the coined copper money. 

We thus see two nations remote from each other first drawing rude pictures as a means of convey- 
ing their ideas to their fellowmen. But whilst the Egyptians took recourse to a kind of mimic writing, 
the Chinese at an early period advanced to the ideographic system and carried it to the highest perfec- 
tion, it being well adapted as a means of intercommunication in public and private life. But with all 
the encouragement given to the cultivation of letters, the Chinese could never be called a literary nation 
in the present acceptation of the word, the difficulty of acquiring the ideographs remaining a perma- 
nent impediment to general education. 

The ideographs or picture writing of Central America and Mexico cannot be taken into account, 
because the first inhabitants of that continent having evidently come from Eastern Asia and a few from 



38 INTRODUCTIOX. 



Europe, They brought their knowledge of writing from the place of their former homes and connec- 
tions and continued the same without improving the art. 

The recent discovery in Central America of a Dictionary with a key to the composition of the 
the characters, will greatly assist us in settling the question whether the Mexicans came from the East 
or from the West, and thus reduce the limits of uncertainty respecting the origin of nations to a 
smaller compass. 

But whatever means may have been invented for the cultivation of letters, none has been able to 
place general education witliin the reach of the poor. This must be accomplished by Romanizing 
the language. If we take the average number of educated people in China, we shall scarcely yet 10 
per cent. Those who have hitherto r(;ad books to any useful piuT;)ose, have been obliged to spend more 
time on their acquisition than if they had learned two dialects to perfection. 

The notion now prevalent in Europe and propagated by a few of the students of the Chinese lan- 
guage, that the Chinese characters are necessary and useful, is not confirmed by practical experience. 
Eor if we accept a per centage of even 20 educated men, then we have 80 to whom the written charac- 
ters are as unintelligible as Hebrew or Russian, but two thirds of whom would, l)esides their own, acquire 
the Mandarin Dialect as easily as most of the Germanic population now learn to read, \\Tite and speak 
high German. Such a system would enable eveiy man and woman to read a book for edification 
and improvement, whilst those who now claim any degree of education, would add to the knowletlge of 
the written language the acquisition of the spoken. The local brogues of Germany diflfer more from 
high German than the various local dialects do from the Mandarin, and yet there is not a man nor a 
woman in Germany who does not understand a person speaking high German in its purity. 

An attempt at Romanizing various dialects and of teaching the same even to aged women has been 
very successful, though the orthography adopted has been far from practical or satisfactory. The reason 
of not adopting Professor Lepsius' alphabet has frequently been owing to want of funds for purchasing 
a fount of types, as also to a lack of farsightedness on the part of the agents who had it in their power 
to recommend the same to their respective Boards. Many societies and individuals had gone to great 
expenses in getting matrixes for a complete fount of types and could not so readily prepare or purchase a 
new set. This is the reason why the author of this work was unable to follow Dr. Lepsius' system of 
orthography. But each society might get a small fount of Dr. Lepsius' types for the publication of 
small Christian and Educational works to be used in the schools, and I cannot but earnestly recommend 
this step to all that are in any way interested in the future welfare of the Chinese. 

In order to make the new graphic system as intelligible as possible, let all nouns be i^Titten and 
printed with capital letters, and the synonyms used as compounds be joined into one dissyllabic word. 
That will greatly assist the native and foreign students in arriving at the meaning of a wortl or sentence 
and prevent the constant transposition of the characters. After one generation many of the useless 
synonyms would have become obsolete, whilst those in use would become more stereotyped and hence 
be more readily understood by the natives and foreigners. 

Eor further information on this point see Standani Alphabet, by C. R. Lepsius, D.PH., D.D. 
Second Edition — London and Berlin 1863. 

WORKS ON THE CHINESE LANGUAGE : 

1. Dict.ionairc ChinoiB, Franfiiig et Latin, per M. Do Guignes. i 13. Premoro. Notitia Linf;^ae Sinicae. 

2. MorriHon'H Dictionarioa, 6 voliuncH. 14. Dr. Morrison, Grammar of the ChineM Language. 

3. Me<ilnir8t's Dictiiinary of the Kookien Dialect. 16 Edkina' Grammars, two separate worts 

4. Ditto Chinese Ent^liuh Dictionary, 'i vol. 

6. Ditto EngliBh ChinoBo Dictionary, 2 vol. 
fi. The Chinese Kopository, 20 vol., contains iniicli iiHofiil information 

on the Chinese Lanf^iiaf^o. 

7. Dr. BridRcman's Chrcstomathy, Canton Dialect. 

8. Dr. WilliauiH' English and CliincBe Votaibulary, Mandoi'in dialect. 

9. Ditto Tonic Dictionary of the ChincKc Language in the 
Canton Dialect. 

10. Dr. Williams' Eiwy Lessons in Chinuso. 

11, Ooddard's Vo<'.ali\ilary of the Tic Oliiu Dialect, 



16. Wade, Book of Experiments, 3 vohimes, of gr^at ralne to imdcnti of 
the Peking Dialect. 

17. Summers, Professor, Handbook of the Chinese Language.. 

IH. Grammar of the Chinese Langnagv t Parta, by the R«v. W. 

Lobscheid. 
10. Chinese and English Grammar, 2 Parta, by the B«r. W. Lofaeolieid. 

20. Phrases in the Canton Dialect, by the B«r. J. W. Bonney. 

21. Dr. St. Endlicher, Grammatik der ChineaiacheB 8pt»oI>«. 

22. Dr. Sohott, Chinesiscbe Sprachlchre. 

23. Elementa QrammaMcao Latino Sinicae ad uium Alumnorum Sinen- 



18. Callery, Systoma I'honetioum Scripturae Sinicae. I sium. Typii CoUegii Bomano-Catholici. 



ENGLISH CHINESE DICTIONARY. 



A 



THE first letter of the EngHsh Alphabet, ^ 
^^-^"^^ jing wa- tsz' *m6 'shau tsz". 
5 Ying hwd tsz mil sliau tsz ; its broad and 
open sound is expressed by ^ d or |J^ a*. A, the 
indefinite article, is expressed by the numeral, — • 
yaty Yih, and is followed by the Classifier defi- 
ning the nounf, as : — A man, — •f® A 7^*) ^o' 
jVan. Yih ko jin ; a boat, — • ^ ^ yat, chek, 
*t'eng. Yih chih t'ing ; a pair of shoes, — • ^ ^ 
yatj tiii' jh&i. Yih tui hiai ; a double edged sword, 
"^ P ^j ^sheung 'hau kim'. Shw^ng k'au Men ; 
a bundle of straw, — ^^^ yat, 'pa ^kon 'ts'6. 
Yih pa kdn ts'du ; a sheet of paper, — -^MIR; yat, 
jCheung '^chi. Yih chdng chi ; a pencil, — 'i(^^ 
yat, ^chi pat,. Yih chi pih ; a river, — ' j^^ yat, 
jt'iu jho. Yih t'idu ho ; a house, — ^ M y^-t, 
_^kan uk,. Yih kien uh ; a pagoda, — ■ J^ ^ yat 
tso' t'ap,. Yih tso t'kh. ; a door, — ^ f^ yat, tb' 
^miin. Yih tii mun ; a wall — ijjg Ij^ yat, fuk, 
jts'^ung. Yih fuh ts'iang; a puff of smoke, — |^ 
j|@ yat, chan- ^in. Yih chin yen ; a bean, — ^0.^ 
yat, nap, tau'. Yih lih tau ; a shower of rain, — • 
MM y^% jCh'eung u. Yih ch'dng yd; a flock of 
sheep, — M^ J^% jkw'an j^ung. Yih k'iun 
yang ; a spot of rust, — ^^ yat, tdt, sau'. Yih 
tah sitt ; a set of instruments, — ^jj :g^ ^ yat 
fu' hi' ku\ Yih fii k'i kii ; a dress, — ff= # yat,' 
kiu' ^sham. Yih kien sdn ; a clod of earth, — gj 
■j^ yat, jt'iin ^nai. Yih tw'&n ni ; a mosquito cur- 
tain, — ■ ^ ^ l|ji yat, jt'ong ^man chdung'. Yih 
t'ang wan chang ; a row of boats, — ■ ff ^ yat, 
jhong jShiin. Yih- hang ch'uen; a carriage, — -^ 
[is or f^] ^ ^ yat, ka' ma ^ch'6. Yih kid ma 
che ; a bouquet of flowers, — ^ :^ yat, 'to [tii] 
/a. Yih to hwd; a small piece of wood, — 'Jr^K 
yat, p'ln' muk,. Yih p'ien muh ; a feast, — f^^ 
yat, tsik, 'tsau. Yih tsih tsiii ; a packet of paper, 
— ^^ yat, jau 'chi. Yih pau chi ; a bundle of 
pencils, — :^^ yat^ chat, pat,. Yih ch^h pih ; 
a letter, — jjj-^g yat, /ung sim'. Yihfungsin; a 
quire of paper, — JJI^ yat, ^t5 'chi. Yih tdu chi ; 



Both 

not 



these characters are pronounced 5H y'i and ^ o when 
Ibrminn: the first syllahle of a proper name of a person of 



the inferior stations in life and of children. 
t See author's Grammar of the Chinese LanD:uag:e, P. I 
16. 



a volume, ^ ;?ji § yat, 'pun ,8hii. Yih pun shd ; 
a [large] voliune, — ' oji! ^ yat, p6- ^shii. Yih pu 
shu ; a set of books, — ' ^ ^ yat, t'6' shii. Yih 
t'u shti; a horse, — \JC^ pat, p'at, *md. Yihp'ih 
ma ; a blow of the hand, — ■ ITK ^ yat, "hd 'shau. 
Yih hia shau; a sedan chair, — ^^ yat, shing- 
^kiii. Yih shing ki&u ; a suit of clothes, — ■ [^] 



yat, t'iit, ^i fuk^. Yih t'oh i fuh ; a game 
of chess, — ^^ yat, kuk, ^k'i. Yih kiuh k'i; a 
plant of bamboo, — ^ Ifi yat, ^kon chuk,. Yih 
kkn chuh ; a cluster [bundle] of incense sticks, 
— ili^ y^*5 c^^"^' ^heung. Yih chu hiang ; a band 
of robbers, — ^ |^ yat, 'fo ts'ak,. Yih ho ts'ih ; 
a cash, — '^^ yat, ^man ,ts'in. Yih wan ts'ien ; 
a cannon, — H M 7^^, ^miin p'&u'. Yih mun p'du ; 
a piece of cahco, — /E^ yat, p'at, p6'. Yih p'ih 
pu ; a pearl, — :^j^^ yat, to ^chan ^chii. Yih 
ho chin chu ; a piece of ground, — '^x^ J^K *^^' 



tf. Yih twdn ti ; a section of regulations, — '^j 



jg yat, fiin ^ch^ung ^ch'ing. Yih kw'an chdng 
ch'ing ; a gentleman, — ■ ^ ^ yat, wai* hdk,. 
Yih wei k'eh ; a criminal, — ' "^^ ^E J^^-) s^ieng 
fdn\ Yih ming f^ ; a dollar, — ■ jlj ^ y^*, jiin 
jUgan. Yih yxien yin ; a government officer, — ' 
^^ yat, (tin ^kiin. Yih yuen kwdn ; a stoiy [of 
a house], — • ^ yat, ,ts'ang. Yih ts'ang; a leaf 
[of a book], — ^ yat,ip,. Yih yeh ; a decree, J^ 
^ — -^ shdung- u' yat, t6^ Shdng yii yih tdu ; 
a plaster, — lA W ^ y^^-> ^'^1^ c^^ y^^j« Yih 



t'ieh kau yoh ; a star. 



yat, tim ^sing. 




Yih tien sing ; a burden [of &c. &c.], — • ;|g yat, 
tkm'. Yih tdn ; a succession of doors, ^ g p^ 
'ki jCh'ung ^mun. Ki ch'ung mun ; a row of trees, 
— '^^t;^ yat, l&t,'shu" muk,. Yih Idh shu muh ; 
a sword, — ■ P ;^j yat, 'hau kim'. Yih k'au kien ; 
a gong, — ■ ^ yat, mln^ ^lo. Yih mien lo ; a 
noljle affair, — • ^ ^ ^ yat, ^tsung "mi sz'. Yih 
tsung mei sz ; a fish, — ' J^ ^ yat, *mi jii. Yih 
wi yd; a play (one act of), — ^^^ yat,,t'oi hi'. 
Yih t'di hi ; a procession &c., — ^^^ yat, 'pan 
ch'un shik, &c. Yih pdn ch'un sih &c ; a ti*ee, 

'— 1^ iW «!• W ^ y--^^ cP'« sli^'- Yih p'o shd ; 
a pencil, — ' ^ ^ yat, 'kun pat,. Yih kwdn pih ; 
a cap (or hat), — • T^i^g yat, 'ting mb'. Yih ting 
jmdu ; a sentence, — ' '^ ^ yat, kll' wa'. Yih kii 
a lamp, — • ^ j)^ yat, 'ch^a ^tang. Yik 



ABA 



(2) 



ABB 



ch6n tang ; a needle, — BR -^f yat, 'ngdn ^cham. 
Yih yen chin.* 

A, a year, — ■ ^ yat, ,nin. Yih nien ; twice a day, 
— ' ^ ^ yat, yatj 'Mung ts'z'. Yih jih likng 
ts'z. (vid. Grammar of the Chinese Language). 

A, after a verb, to go a hunting, -^trli ^^^^ '^^ ^Pi- 
K'ii t^ lieh. 

A. D., anno Domini, In the year of our Lord, ^|^ 
H^ itf: sY6 ^su kong' shai'. Ye sii kikng shi ; A. 
M., ante meridiem, J* -^ sh^ung^ *ng. Shdng 
wii ; A. M^., artium Magister, J^ /^ 'ku jan. 
Kii jin. 

Aback, ^ ^ hau* ^pin. Hau pien. 

Abaction, f jj|Jj ^ ^t'au ^ngau. T'au niii. 

Abactor, j^^ ^ ^ ^t'au ^ngau 'ch6. T'au niu ch6. 

Abacus, ^ ^ sun' ,p'un. Swan pw'dn ; ^ji ^ sho' 
jp'iin. Su pw'^ ; to work the abacus, tT ^ ^ 
'tfe sun' jp'iin. T&, swdn pw'dn. 

Abaft, towards the stem, j|gf ^ jShiin 'mi. Ch'uen 
"^y \^ ^ ^ h6ung' jShun hau*. Hiang ch'uen 
hau. 

Abaisance (obeisance) ^ pdi'. P^. 

Abalienate, to, to sell, ^ -^ mdi* hii'. M4i k'u. 
(see alienate) 

Abandon, to, ^ ijj hi' k'duk,. K'i kioh, ^ hi'. K'i; 
to abandon a wife, ^ ^ hi' ^ts'ai. K'i ts'i ; to 
abandon one's property, ^ ^ hf ipj. K'i nieh ; 
to part with, Ij^ $ 'sh^. Sliid; I cannot part with 
you, pg :j^ ^ fr^ ^m 'slKi tak, 'ni. Wu shi6 teh 
ni ; to abandon one's right or previlege, to give 
precedence, ^y6ung*. Jdng: to waive one's right 
to a throne or post of honor, ^ ^ y^ung* wai'. 
Jdng wei ; to reject, ^ ^ ^tiu hi'. Tiu k'i ; to 
leave, ^g ^ ,wai hi'. Wei k'i ; to relinquish 
entirely, ^ ^ hi' tsiitj. K'i tsiueh ; to abandon 
one's self, to give one's self up to vice, ^ ^ tsz* 
hi'. Tsz k'i, g ^ g ^ tsz* p6* tsz' hi'. Tsz pfiu 
tsz k'i. 

Abandoned § depi-avcd, f|| ^ ^p'in p'ik,. P'ien p'ih; 
dissolute, -j^ •fj^ fong' p'ik,. Edng p'ih; dissipated, 
^ f^ fong' ts'z'. Mng ts'z ; an abandoned fel- 
low, 'j^ ff- Idn* 'tsai. Ldn tsz ; unresti-ained, ^ 
^ tsung' ts'z'. Tsung ts'z ; lost, -^ f shat, 'liu. 
Shih Hau ; I am forsaken, ^ A f i ifi ^ s"^^ 
jan 't'ai kii' 'ngo. Wii jin t'i kd wo. 

* In the Court dialect the character "X* tsz is added to the noun, 
or we may say that in that dialect with or without the classifier 

most nouns end in ^ tsz, as ; — ^ "jp" ffili tsz, a law, a pat- 
tern ; ^ ^ fiinff tsz, a room ; 'fg "jp" m^'u tsz, a cap, a hat 
Ac. Writers on this diiiloct should study this subject more 
carefully and point it out to the students, or commence making 
a collection of the words which absolutely require the ending in 

i ^ is more frequently used with reference to proiierty and other 

objects, ^ with reference to affection. 

§ As an attribute abantionfd is in colloquial expressed by ffy 
being added to all tho compounds given under this head, as; 

>fi'C W Qv * virhen A >s added to ^> or ^ subetituted for 

nv/V> it signifies an abandoned, dissolute, or depraved fellow. 



Abandoner, ^ ^ hi' 'ch6. K'i ch^. 

Abandonment • ^ ^ lii' 'ch6. K'i cU, ^ ^ 'sU 
'cU. Shi6 chd. 

Abase, to, degrade, ^ ^ chut, chik,. Chuh chih ; 
to abuse the flag, ^^ 't5 ^k'i. T&u k'i; to abuse 
one's self, Q ^ tsz" ^sau. Tsz siii, Q ~Jl tsz' hk\ 
Tsz hid; to depress, Jg ^ dt, fuk,. Ykh fuh; to 
bid abase, ^ yikj. Nih, 5^ ngdk,. 

Abash, to, to make ashamed, i^ ^ H ^ 'sz kin' 
^sau 'chl. 8z kien siu chi, J^ A c**^" ty^^' ^^^ 
jin. 

Abashed, ashamed, ^ ^ f^ kin' ^sau kw'ai'. Kien 
siu kw'ei, ^ @^ kin' 'ch'au. Kien ch'au ; morti- 
fied, JlJlJf ^sau jts'km. Siti ts'dn, f^ tsok,. Tsoh, 
^ jlun. Lin. 

Abate, to, J^ 'kdm. Kien; to abate the price, ^ ^ 
'kdm kd'. Kien kid, fsj) ^j kwat, s^uk,. Kwdh 
sioh; to abate (lessen) a little, ^ |^ 'kdm ti. 
Kien ti, ^ ^ 'kdm 'shiii. Kien shau, ^ ^ 
'kdm ^8^. Kien si6 ; would not abate a mite, — • 
% ^Wi y*^i 4^^ P^^5 'kdm. Yih hdu puh kien ; 
to abate one's pride, J^ A 1^ ^ ^^ J^^ (^^ 
ngb. Ydh jin kidu ngau; to cast down, ^ '^ 't4 
't6. Tk tdu ; to shorten (as a task), ^ ^ 'kdm 
'shdng. Kien sang; to abate in rigour, f^ §^ 
'kdn jlm. Kien yen; the storm abates, Jg^ J^ 
^fimg sik,. Fung sih ; to deduct, ^ jCh'ii. Ch'ti, 
:|fl k'au'. k'au. 

Abatement ^ 'kdm. kien ; the abatement of taxes, 
^ ^ \&m shui'. Kien shwtii. 

Abater ^ ^ 'kdm 'che. kien che : the abater of 
price, ^ i]^ ;^ 'kdm kk' 'ch6. Kien kid ch6. 

Abator t ife ^ p^' 'cU. Pd cU. 

Abatude J^ D^ ^ ^ sho 'kdm ^chi sz'. So kien chl 
sz, ^-^ ^ 'kdm 'shiu *ch6. Kien sh&u che. 

Abbj^^king. King. 

Abbacy f^^ ,sang Ipj. Sang nieh ; an abbot's re- 
sidence, ^ tsz\ Tsz. 

Abbess, gj^ ^ ^sz t'di'. Sz t'di ; ^ M :1 <"< >''» 
'ch6ung. Ni kii chdng; mother-ablx'ss, f|^ ^ 
^kwai jp'o. Kwei p'o. 

Abbey, Budhist monastery, ^ tsz'. Sz, ^ ^ ^6m 
jt'ong. Ngki t'dng; a Tauist abbey, m kdn'. 

* We roust here once for all remark, that substaotires oan only 

be recognised by their position and by the predicate. Thus -^ 

/Q may mean the abandoner, abandonment or abandonins:. In 

speaking of abandonment in a bad sense, we would say ^ yQ 

:S ^ ^ '^ WiC "ffit The abandonment (we speak of) is the 
vice of abandoning one's relatives ; in speaking of the abandon- 

er, we would say, il^^^^Jfe^^Aife Th« 

abandoner of his relatives is not worthy to be called man. 
In a third form of construction the substantive is •zpressed ia 

the possessive case, as : — ^ <I ^l^ 3^ ^ the abandonment 
of your relatives, or the fact of your alMindouing your relatives 

Ac. Hence if we wish to comment on the substantive, ^ 
always follows tlie word it so qualifies ; but if we wish to 00m- 
ment on the actor or on tho action, the object, often preoedad 

by the possessive ^1 <!> ooroes between the Tsrb, adjective 

he, and the relative pronoun ^ forming the substantive. 



ABB 

Kw^ ; a Rom. Cath. abbey, 



(3) 



ABE 



iin". Sill tau yuen, i^ ^^ ^sau to^ jt'ong. Siii 
tku tang. 

Abbot, superior in a Budhist monastery, '^'^ jfong 
Cheung-. Eang chang, ^^ chii^ ,ch'i. Chu ch'I ; 
do of a Rom. Cath. monastery, fl^ ^ (^ [^] -^ 
^sau t5" iin' '^ch^ung. Siii tau yuen chang. 

Abbreviate, to, in writing, ^ 'kam. Kien, ^ ^ 
'kam pat^. Kien pih, f^ ^ 'kdn pat,. Kien pih, 
^^^ 'kampat, 'se. Kien pih sie, ^^ ^shang 
,man. Sang wan ; to condense, as in an essay, 
M^M- 's^ tai- 16uk,. Sie td lioh, J^^^^ 'ts'ii 
leuk, f. Ts'ii lioh i, '^^^kWi'^^ jk'i tai^ k'oi'. 

Abbreviation, fj^^ 'kam pat,. Kien pih, ^§ 'kam 
^shii. Kien shu ; abbreviation, abstract, compen- 
dium, ;A:^ tai- 16uk,. Tk Koh, ;^^ tai' iii'. Ta 
yau, ^ ^ iii' leiik,. Yau lioh, ^ ^ y^uk, ^in. 
Yoh yen. 

Abbreviator, !^^^^:^ %4i 'kam pat, 'ch^. Si^ kien 
pih che, ^^^^'86 ts'iit, iu' 'ch6. Si6 ts'oh 
yau ch6. 

Abbreviature, ^^^ 'kam pat, ho*. Kien pih 
hau ; ;A:^ tai' leak,. Ta lioh. 

A, B, C, to learn the, %J^ ^ch'o hok,. Tsii hioh ; in 
geometry the letters a b c &c. are represented by 
the ^ ^, the celestial stems. 

Abdicant, -^^ jau chf . Hiu chl. 

Abdicate, to, to give up (as a right), ^ y6amg^. Jdng; 
to abdicate a throne, ^ fi yeung" wai^ Jang 
wei ; to resign an office, -^^ jau cM'. Hiu chi, 
^^chi'sz\ Chisz, ^>^,ts'zwai-. Ts'z wei, 
g ^ chi' cliik,. Chl chih, it ^ t'lii' wai-. T'ui 
wei; to announce one's resignation, ^^ kb' jau. 
Kau hiu ; other terms for to intimate one's resig- 
nation are: old age, ^ ^ k6' 16. Kau lau ; ^gj 
^kwai jt'in. Kwei t'ien ; attending on one's aged 
parents, -g-^^ ko' ^chung yeung-. Kdu chung 
ydng ; to deckire oneself sick, -g- ^ ko' peng'. 
Kau ping. 

Abdication ^ ^ yeunj^ wai". Jdng wei, ^ ^ ^ 
jau chf che. Hiu chi che. 

Abditory, ^^ ;tM!. '^o c^lian ^chi ch'u'. To sliin 
chi ch'ii. 

Abdomen, the, ^i ^ ^t'6 fuk,. T'li fuh ; abdomen, 
small, yjN ^ 'siii fuk,. Siau fuh, ^ gg tan ^t'in. 
Tan t'ien ; viscera of the abdomen, |^ ^ ts'ong' 
'fu. Ts'dng fu. 

Abdominal, ^ fuk,. Fuh, ^ ^ 't'6 fuk,. T'li fuh. t 



* 1^ is sometimes pronounced 'iin in danton. 

t The adjective terminations cannot be expressed otherwise than 
by the simple noun. When, therefore, a quality of a noun is to 
be expressed, another noun with or without thfl possessive ^, 
^ or (in Punti) P|E precedes the same and assumes the qua- 
lity of an adjective, asi-^t ^, the abdomen, 3±^^|^ 
the abdomiual viscera. ^ belonging to, is often us.fd to change 
the noun into an adjective. The predicative adjective leaves the 
noun unchanged, as :— ^ goodness, :^ ^ to be good. Eu- 
phony and perspicuity, however, demand sometimes the addition 
of 1^, o: in Punti Colloquial »^, as:-^ ^, ,^. P|l£. 



Abduce, to, to draw away, ^| ^/yan hii'. Yin k'ii, 
i^^ jl^i hii'. li&h k'ii ; to seduce, to decoy, ;^-^ 
'kwai hii'. Kwdi k'ii, ^ ^ 'kwdi tai\ Kwdi tai ; 
to mislead (by words), |j kwong'. Kwdng; to 
decoy and sell, i^ J 'kwai mdi". Kwai mai. 

Abducents, contracting, ^ shuk,. Shuh, ^i^ shuk, 
jmai. Shuh mdi ; an abducent muscle, |^ ig ^ 
shuk, ^mai ^ki. Sliuh mM ki. 

Abduction, the act of drawing away or apart, ^| ^ 
'yan hu'. Yin k'ii, j^ -^ \wki hii'. Kwdi k'ii ; 
abduction of a person's wife, i^^A^ 'kwdihii' 
jan ^ts'ai. Kwai k'ii jin ts'i, 1^ J^ X ^ 'kwai 
tdi' jan ^ts'di. Kwai tai jin ts'i. 

Abductor ^^^ 'kwai hii' 'ch6. Kwai k'ii che ; 
abductor (muscle), ^i^]^ shiik, .mai ^ki. Shuh 
mai ki. 

A. B. C, the Alphabet, ^ -^ tsz' 'mb, Tsz mH ; 
elementary learning, ^jj ^ ^ch'o hok^. Tsti hioh. 

Abecedarian, one who teaches the A. B. C, ^ ^ 
-^ ^ k^u' tsz' *m5 'ch6. Kiau tsz mu ch6 ; one 
who learns the A. B. C, ^ ^ -^ ^ hok, tsz' -m6 
'ch^. Hioh tsz mu cM; one who acquires ele- 
mentary knowledge, ^;j ^ ;^ X <!^^'^ ^^K <p^^ 
jan. Tsii hioh chi jin. 

Abed :^ ^ _t tsoi' ^ch'ong sh^ung'. Tsdi ch'wdng 
shang, :^ -^ tsoi' t'ap,. Tsdi t'dh; to be abed, 3|j|| 
^ Ifc _t ^^^^ tsoi- jCh'ong shdung'. Fan tsai 
ch'wang shang. 

Aberrance g| ]£ ^li ching'. Li ching, fy ^ ^hang 
ts'o'. Hang ts'o ; an error, 5^ ^ 'yau ts'o\ Yii 
ts'o. 

Aberrant, straying from the right way, -^ jE ^ 
'she clung' \d\ Shi6 ching lu, ^^]£^ ,11 ching' 
16'. Li cliing lu, :^ ^ ^liang ts'o'. Hang ts'o. 

Aberration, deviating fi-om the right way, ^JE^ 
'she ching' 16'. Shie ching Iii, ff ^ .liang ts'o'. 
Hang ts'o ; aben-ation of the rays of light, ^ ^ 
^ il- fr ^kwong shd' ^chi ,ts'6 
shie chl ts'(^ hang. 

Aberruncate, to, to pull up by the root, ^ J^ pat^ 
^kan. Pdh kan, |^ ;j;g ^ch'ii ^kan. Ch'u kan. 

Abet, to, to give encouragement by aid, ^ ^ hiin' 
cho'. K'iuen tsii, ^ ^J jiong cho'. Pang tsii, 
^^ fii' cho'. Fii tsii, ^ ^ ,fu cho'. Fu tsii ; 
to incite, f^ ^ V^^g 'sung. Yung sung; to give 
encouragement by counsel, |^ ff ch'it, kai'. 
Sheh kf , dt =^ kung' ^mau. Kung mau. 

Abetment, to give encouragement by aid, ^ J|jJ 
hiin' cho'. K'iuen tsii; incitement, ^ ^ V^^S 
'sung. Yung sung ; to render assistance, ^ ^ 
^pong cho'. Pdng tsii. 

Abettor, one who incites, Hb if i H ^ ^'^^ ,chmig 
chii ^mau 'che. Ngdn chung chil mau che ; one 
who gives counsel, ^ ^ ^ ch'lt, ^mau 'ch6. 
Sheh mau ch6 ; one who aids in a plot, ^ ^ ^ 
kung' ^mau 'ch6. Kung mau che. 

Abeyance, expectation, if f^ mf ^ mong' tak, tsz' 
ipj. Wdng teh sz nieli ; in abeyance, |^ ^ ^mo 
'chil. Wii chii ; to be in abeyance, ^ ^fc ^ sz' 
mi'-'t'o. Szwit'o. 



,hang. 



Kwang 



AHC 



(i) 



A B I 



jli jkw'an, LI kw'an. 



i^ ,U jkw'an 'ch<;. LI kw'an ch^. 



Abgregate, to, 

Abgregation ^| 

Abhor, to, fg-^tsang ii\ Tsang wii, jp^, im' ti'. 
Yen wu, ^ ^ ^Im li'. Hien wu, ^f^ un' lian'. 
Yuen liau, ^ kI^ KI, ^ 'ch'au. cli'au. 

Abhorrence ij^ ^ ^tsan^ u'. Tsang wu ; his hatred 
of me, ^ ;^ f^ ^, ^ ^ ,k'I ^chl ^tsang u' ^ngo 
'ch6. K'i chl tsang wu wo ch^ ; I have an ab- 
horrence of him, ^ ^ [jp] ^, ^ *ngo ,Im 
[im'] u' ^chl. Wohien[yen] wilclil. See to abhor, 

Abhon-ent pf -^ 'ho li'. K'o wii ; abhorrent to the 
feelings, '|"^:$gf t& B (t^'i^g ,chl 'sho ^tsang 6'. 
Ts'ing chl so tsang wu ; abhorrent to your func- 
tions, ^ PI ^ ^ ,sau 'I chik, fan*. Siu rh cliih 
fan. 

Abhorrently ^ -j^ yik^ [ngdkj ^ts'ing. Yih ts'ing, 
wr.^«n-tfe.'hou>^uV&. K'owiijiiyd, pf^. 
;^ ^ 'ho iV ^chl y6ung*. K'o wii chi ykng. 

Abhorrer '(^ ^^ ^ ^tsang li' 'ch6. Tsang wu ch6 ; 
an enemy, f/L W. (Ch'au tikj. Ch'au tih. 

Abib p :A: A iE >^ jYau t4i* jan diingiitj. Yu 
ta jin ching yueh. 

Abide, to, to dwell, jg ^ ^ku chu\ Kii chii, |^ u*. 
Yii, "Ig ^ jhang ^ts'iin. Hang ts'un ; to bear, ^ 
,tong. Tdng ; abide with me, pj ^^ Jg 'j^ ^t'ung 

• 'ngo ^kii chir. T'lmg wo kii chu; to abide by 
one's opinion, IS |/t B ^ kii' chap, 'kl I'. Ku 
chAh kl I ; to be self-willed, ^ ^ chap, ^mai. 
Ohdh ml ; to abide in sin, ^ || ^ ^ nikj tsui' 
I)at, ng-. Nih tsiii puh wii ; to abide by a pei-son, 
^^ K .pong cbo* ,yan. Pdng tsii jin, ^ 1^ 
\ jfii jCh'f ^yan. Fii ch'I jin ; affictions abide 
^^>MM^^^ .kan ^ndn ^ts^ung ^lam ^ngo. 
Kan nan tsidng lin avo ; to abide in virtue, |g ^ 
^ jhang jts'iin shin*. Hang ts'un shen ; to abide 
[to bear] the consequences, ^ ^ ^ i^ c^ong 
shau* ^kw^n hai*. Tfmg shau kwun hi. 

Abiding, dwelling, Jg '^ ^kii chii*. Kii chu ; resid- 
ence, ^ J^ kii ch'ii'. Kii ch'u ; whilst staying, 
^^Z^^ M «hii' ,chl jshl. Ku chii clil shI. 

Abiding-place Jg J^ ^kii ch'vi'. Kii ch'ii; Jg >^ ;^ 

JS^ jkii chtt* ^chl 'sho. Kd chti chl so. 
AbiUty, 7J- iH ,ts'oi ,nang. Ts'/ii nang, -j^ ^ ki* 



^nang. 



Ki uang. 



I^' il # s^ang kon'. 
Nang kfm ; talent, J||^ ^ c*«'"ng jUiing. Ts'ung 
ming, 2jj '^ pun Ming. Piin ling, ^fi ^ 'piin sz*. 
Piin sz ; skillidness, ^ ^ ki* ngai* KI i ; a per- 
son of gi-cat capacity, A ^ t»^i' li^'- Td k'l ; a 
peraon of small capacity, yj^ ||§ 'siii lii'. Siaii k'i ; 
a pei*son of no capacity, ^ ^ ^xxib Idung*. Wii 
lidng, —)\t^ yat, ^t'6'\s'6. Yih t'li ts'&u; 
ability to eat and drink, ^ Idung*. Lidng; great 
ability to drink, '}^ -g 'hoi Idung*. IIfi,i lifiiig. 
Abintestate, to die, ^' ^ jj^ ^ 'sz ,m6 ^wai ^shii. 
Sz wu wei shii. 

Abject, /J'* A 'siu jan. Si&u jin, "]^ 0|i^ A ^'^' i^^" 

,yan. Hid lid jin. 
Abject, low, mean, ^ tsln*. Tsicn, ^ pai*. PI, gg 

1^ ^'i lau". P'i lau, 41. Pi pi lau*. Pi lau, gj 



'p'i tsin*. P'i tsien ; the nine classes of abjects or 
the dreg of the nation, ~\^ ;fi jffl h&' 'kau ^lau. 
Hik kid lid.* 

Abjdct, to, ^ ^ ,tid hi'. Tid k'l, ^ ^ ^tid hu'. 
Tid k'u. 

Abjectedness, ^ ^ ^pi lau*. Pi lau, 1^ pjg ^ j)I 
lau*'chd. Pilauchd. 

Abjection, ^ pai*. PI, yj> ^ 'sid hi'. 8i&u k'f ; 
humiliation [before God], j^ ^ tsz* ^pl. Tsz pi ; 
depmvity, ^ 3JP ,kdn ^ts'd. Kien sid ; without 
principles, M M. H ^ i^^ *<>' ^mo 'U. Wd tau 
wdll. 

Abjectly, g^ ^ 'p'i tsln*. P'I tsien ; to think and 
a<:t basely, ^^Z .& ff P'^ tsln* ,chl ^sz ^hang. 
P'I tsien ciil sz hang. 

Abjuration, ^ |g shai* tsutj. Shi tsiueh, S^ ^ ^ 
^ fat, shai* hi' tsiit,. Pdh shI k'l tsiueh ; the 
oath of abjmation, ^^J^^ W tsutj ^chi shai*. 
K'I tsiueh chl shI. 

Abjure, to, ^ J^ shai* tsut,. ShI t«iueh, ^^^^ 
shai* pat, jWai. ShI puh wei, ^ '^ ^ shai* pat' 
jts'ung. ShI puh ts'ung, ^>|>'^ shai* pat, 'bans. 
ShI puh k'ang ; to abjure a religion, |$ ^ >^ ^ 
^ ^ fat, shai* pat, fuk, ^ts'ung kdu'. Fah shI 
puh fuh ts'ung kiau ; to recant a doctrine, "^ ^ 
pdi' kau'. Pei kiku, ^ %^ 'fdn kku'. Fdn kiau ; 
to abjm-e all connection Avith one, ^ /f* ^ Z 
shai* pat shik, ^chl. ShI puh shih chl. 

Abjurer, ^ ^ ^ shai' tsutj 'chd. ShI tsiueh chd. 

Ablactate, to, ^ ^ H'iui 'ndi. Twan nai, ^ ^ 
i^> %M ^'^'^t 'ndi. Cheh nai. 



-t'iin'u. Twdn' 
[Ch'it, .nin]. 



16* 



,kan 'k'dung. 



Ld kan 



Ablaqueation ^ :j|g 

k'ikng. 
Ablation and Ablator M"^^ Ts'u hu' 'chd. Ts'u 

k'u chd, :^ -i- ^ f f % 'ts'u hu' matj kin* 'chd. 

Ts'u k'ii wuh kien chd. 
Ablative J^ ^ 'ts'u hii'. Ts'u k'Q. 

Ablative, the, §fe *fe ^ i^^:g ^ ^1f >^ ^ [^] 'koi 
Ldtin wd* jmeng tsz* tai* lukj to*. Kiii Latin hwik 
ming tsz ti luh tso ; fljC ^ 'ts'u tso'. Ts'd tso*. 
Ts'u tso*. Ts'u tso, i^ j^ 'ts'ii ,lun. Ts'u lun. 

Ablaze 'X^'/^ ^ ^^ jlra ^ch'ung ^t'in. Ho yen 
ch'ung t'ien. 

Able ^1 jHang. Nang, i^ di*. Hwui, P^ 'di, ^ 
tsun' ^ tak,. Teh ; strength, :^ ;/j Sau lik,. 
Yd lih ; able, talented, :^ if 'yau ,t«'oi. Y4 
ts'di ; able to do, -^ [pf ] ^ dV t«f)' ; able to 
walk, ^ ^ di* jhang. HAVui hang, ^ ^ (bang 
tak,. Hang teh ; able to practice economy and 
diligence, ^ '^ 5^ |jft liak, klm' hak, jk'an. 
K'eh kien k'eh k'iii ; al)le to sustain (as th« 
weight of duty) ^ ^ bak, ^tong. K'eh tdng, 

o Among; the meanest condition in life are counted the nine 
cloases of men carrying on disbunorable professions, as ere the 

,1, puk,. ,sing, st^unjf', ,ynu, .chY-unp, tso', tai', k'oi' ft> p i 

J^ > /fli> K' ?«» •^' W' ^» ^^ phj-sicians, the diviners, 
the astrulogtTS, the plivsiognomists, the cuiuinciiiuns, the pros- 
titutes, the torturers in the Government offices, the underlrap- 
pers of the same establishments, and the beggars. 



ABL 



(5) 



ABO 



^ "^ ^hbm jtong. K'an tang ; able to illustrate 
eminent virtue, ^ ^ 1^ ^ hak, fining ^tsim 
tak,. K'eli ming tsiun teh ; able \o manage busi- 
ness, g| ^ |i$ ^ c^ang kon' pdn" sz\ ,Nang kkn 
pan sz ; able to drink, y^ ^ ;:^ "^tsau l^ung^ tai". 
Tsid lidng ta ; not able, Jf>^ pat, tak,. Puh teh, 
>r» bI pat, .Jiang. Pub nang, ^ j£ fat, hak,. 
Fuh k'eh. 

Able-bodied, ^f ^ cbong' kin'. Chw&ng kien; an 
able-bodied person, Jjjt -^ cbong' sz\ Chwang 
sz, ^ 2^ kin- tsut,. Kien tsub, ^ -^ ^k'^ung 
kin'. K'iang kien. 

Ablegate, to, |g 'sbai. Sbai, ff ^ 't^ fat,.Tk fkh. 

Ableness, ability of mind, f^ ^ j^ang 'che. Nang 
die, >t* H^ ^ jts'oi ^nang 'ch6. Ts'ai nang ch6 ; 
ditto of body, ^ ^ /^ '7^^S ^^i '^^i^- Yung lib 
cbe, ^ 4: "yui^g sz'. Yung sz. 

Ablepsy, g" .mang. Mang. 

Abligurition, ']^ ^ ^ ^ long* fai' ^ka Ipj. Lang 
fi kia nieh. 

Ablocate, to, [f{ '^ cb'ut, yam'. Ch'uh jin. 

Ablocation, tH W ^ ch'ut, yam* 'cb6. Ch'ub jin ch6. 

Abluent, ^ '^^^ij cbf tseng' tik,. Cbitsingtih; 
aperient ^ '^ cbl' s6'. Cbi si6. 

Abluentia, ^)f^^;^^ cbi' tseng' hiit, ^chi y^uk^. 
Cbi tsing liiueh cbi yob. 

Ablution, of tbe body, ^ yjgi muk^ yukj. Muh yuh, 
f^-^ "^sai ^shan. Si shin ; to take an ablution, ^ 
^ 'sai jl^ung. Si H^ng, :^ ^ 't'au 16ung\ T'au 
liang. 

Abnegate, to, ':^ ^ pat, ying* [yan*]. Puh jin, ^ 
^ ^ ^ kii' chap, pat, ^chi. Ku chih puh cbi, 
^ jpt ^ pat, jShing ^tong. Puh shing tdng. 

Abnegation, abnegator, >|>^»^ pat, yan* 'ch6. Puh 
jin cbe. 

Abnormal, y^ J£ pat, cliing'. Puh ching, g^ 'ch'au. 
Ch'au; crooked, ^ hiik,. K'iuh; distorted, ^ 
jts'e. Si6, ^^ ,^wai'm^;a wry mouth, ^^ 'me 
'tsui. 

Abnormity, irregularity, ^ jE pat, ching'; ^ |J|§ ;^ 
^ 'ch'au lau' ^chi mdu'. Ch'au lau cbi mau, |J^ 
huk,. K'iuh, Jg^ wat, huk,. Kiueh k'iuh, ^^ 
,lun huk,. Lwan k'iuh, ^ ^ ^wai huk,. Wai 
k'iuh. 

Aboard, to be, :^ ^ tsor ,shiin. Tsdi ch'uen, ^ J^ 
jShiin sheung^. Ch'uen shang ; to go aboard, ^ 
^ tap, jShiin. Tab ch'uen, ~[\ ^ ha' ,shiin. Hia 
ch'uen, J^ j^J ^sheung ^shiin. Shang ch'uen, ^ 
^ lok, jShiin. Lob ch'uen. 

Abode, ^ j^ ^kii ch'ii'. Kii cli'u, ^ J^ ii' "^sho. 
Yu so, g J^ ^k'ii ch'ii'. K'u ch'ii, ^ ^ ^kii 
chak,. Kii tseh, ^ ^ chii' 'sho. Chii so, ;;^ ^ 
jfong uk,. Fang uh. 

Abolish, to, ^ fai'. Pei, ^ fai' hii'. Fei k'ii, :^ 
^ kak, .ch'ii. Keh ch'ii ; to destroy, ^ ^ fai' 
rnitj. Fei mieh; to cast aside, ^5lfe fai' 'ch'i. Fei 
ch'i, 3^ ^ S^^S fai'. Hw&ng fei ; to abolish and 
destroy, ^^ 'so Vai. So wei ; to abolish the old 
and establish the new (as laws), ^^^^ kak. 



ku' 'ting ^san. Keh ku ting sin ; to abolish this 
and estabhsb that, ^ lt|i ojl ^ fai' 'ts'z l^p, 'pi. 
Fei ts'z lib pi, to put away, ^ jau. Hiii. 

Abolishable, '^^ 'ho fai'. K'o fei, ^^%"i^o fai' 
tak,. K'o fei teh, "^ ^ ^ 'ho kak, ^ch'ii. K'o 
keh ch'ii. 

AboUsher, ^ §& ^ fai' 'ch'l 'ch6. Fei ch'l ch6, ^ 
^ ^ kkk, jCh'ii 'ch6. Keh ch'ii ch6. 

Abolishing ^ fai'. Fei, ^ kak,. Keh, ^ ^ kdk, 
jCh'ii. Keh ch'ii. 

AboUtion, ^ ^ fai' 'ch'l. Fei ch'l, :^ ^ kak, ^ch'ii. 
Keh ch'ii, fe ^ ^ fai' hii' 'ch6. Fei k'u cbe, ^ 
^ 'wai hii'. Wei k'ii. 

Abolitionist, ^^^ fai' hii' 'ch^. Fei k'ii ch6, ^ 
^ tJC || ^ ^ k^k,^ ^ch'ii ,n6 puk, f^ 'ch6. Keh 
ch'ii nu puh f^h cbe; one who defends the princi- 
ples of an abolitionist, "^ :|p^ ^ ^ ;S "^ ^ <wSi 
kdk, ,n6 fdt, ^cM 1' 'ch6. Hwdki keh nu f^b chl I 
ch6; ^f|;^^ sUb puk ^chl ^au. Nu puk chl yii. 

Abominable, "Sf ^ 'ho ii'. K'o wu, pf H 'ho 'ch'au. 
K'o ch'au, ^ ^ ^hom ^tsang. K'an tsang, gf |p 
'ho Im'. K'o yen, |^ *n6. Niu; very abominable, 
^^ t^i* tui'. T4 tdi ; extremely abominable, J^ 
@ Im' kikj. Yen kih ; an abominable affair, ^ 
^ 'ch'au sz*. Ch'au sz. 

Abominableness, ^ P|g 'ch'au lau*. Ch'au lau, ^ 
^;^ ^ 'ch'au lau* ^chl sz*. Ch'au lau chl sz, ^ 
P|5 ;^ ^ liit, lau* ^chl sz*. liueh lau chl sz. 

Abominably, to act, '^^"^il^^ tso' sz* 'ho 'ch'au 
tik,. Tso sz k'o ch'au tih.* 

Abominate, to, fg- ^ ^tsang u'. Tsang wii, ^ ti'. 
Wii, ^ ^ ban* u'. Han wu. 

Abomination, ^ P|| 'ch'au lau*. Ch'au lau, ^ |it|5 
liit, lau*. Liueh lau, || ^^ ^ 'ch'au lau* 'che. 
Ch'au lau che, ^ |^ ok, pai*. Ngoh pi ; the abo- 
mination of man, \^^^ .yan cChI 'ch'au 'ch6. 
Jin chl ch'au ch^ ; the abomination of idolatry, 
n^mZBM P^i' P'o s^t, ,cM ok, pai*. P^i 
p'li sdh cbi ngoh pi. 

Aborigines, ^ i^ \ 'pun tl* jan. Pun tl jin ; the 
aborigines of China, U -^ jmiu 'tsz. Miau tsz, 
± A 't'6 jan. T'li jin. 

Abortion, /\\ ^ 'siii 'ch'An. Si4u ch'Sn, "JC ^ hi* 
^t'oi. Hid t'di, ^ ^ chui* ^t'oi. Chui t'ii, .^ ^^ 
lok, ^t'oi. Loh t'ai, ^ ^ jlau 'ch'in. Liii ch'in, 
^ "^ to* ^t'oi. To t'di, 'j^ ^ lau* 'ch'dn. Lau 
ch'4n. 

Abortive, 7|c>S ^ ffil ^ nil* tsuk, iit, ^I ^shang. Wi 
tsuh yueh rh sang ; abortive designs, ^ ^ ^§f 
pat, jShing ^chl kai'. Puh cliing clil kl, i ^ ;^ 
^ jk'l ^mau ^chi pdi*. K'l mau chl pdli; to prove 
abortive, Jj^ pii*. Pdi ; abortives, ^ ~f^ ^o ^ ^ 
chl' W t'oi ^chl yeuk,. Chi hid t'di chl yoh. 

Abound, to, to be in plenty, ^ ^ /ung shing*. 



Fung shing, ^^ ,ying ,ii. Ying yu, 



sPng 



* The adverb and adverbial sentences must be expressed by the 
object with the possessive case following the verb, as : — he acts 

abominably ftSi ml Si, I'lQ •^ ^ ' he conducts himself abo» 

minably ^ pp ^T R RT ^»'- 



ABO 



((5) 



ARPt 



jii. Ying yu, IJ 
^ tsuk, 'y'^^i S^ 
[lustre] ^^ ^ 
with erroirs, ^ 



jl'ung fau'. Fung f'au, J^ ^ 

Tsuh yu yu; to abound in 

tsYm' ldn^ Ts'&n Mn ; to abound 

^ to ch'A. To ch'd ; to abound 



in quantity, :^ 0, sham* ^to. Shin to, ^ ^ kikj 
,to. Kih to, ^ ^ tsui' ^to. Tsui to, :^^ sham' 
%. Shin ho. 
Abounding, flourishing, ^ >^ mau* shing*. Mau 
shing ; abovmding in, ^ ^ ,^^^S S"^' I'ung jau, 
^ *§ /ung m-. Fung fii, -g| fgl jau u^ Yu yu. 
About, round about, j^ j^ ^chau ^wai. Chau wei, 
(J^ sz' min*. Sz mien ; nearly, ^^ tdi* y^uk,. 
Ta yoh, ^ ^ ^ ^ch'd pat, ^to. Ch'd puh to, ^ 
;f:^ ,ch'a pat, 'un. Ch'd puh yuen,^^|i Z^ j^ ^li 
pat, *iin. Li puh yuen, J^. "F sh6ung' lid'. Shang 
hia, ^ ^ >-i ,u. KI hii, J[fiF ^ shii' ^ki. Shu ki ; 
about noon, ^ "^ H$ kan' *ng jShi. Kin wu shi ; 
about evening, jj^^ ^ts6ung 'mlin. Tsikng wdn; 
about to depart, ?|^ -^ ^ts6ung hii', Tsikng k'fl ; 
about, concerning, ^ k'ap,. K'ih; to speak 
al)out, 1^ ^ lun' k'ap>. Lun k'ih ; to speak about 
. people, 1^ ^ lun' jyan. Lun jin ; about, respect- 
■^ i"-?> ^ tk ^^^' c*- ^^^ y^ > about this affair, ^ 
;: ^ fj: ipf. wai' ^nl kin' sz' ; about to die, ^ ^ 
jts6ung 'sz. Tsi&ng sz, gj§ ^ ^lam 'sz. Lin sz, 
about to fall, ^ ^ ^tsoung tit,. Tsiiing tieh ; 
about to tumble down (as a wall &c.), ^^ yuk, 
to'. Yuh to or tixi ; about one hundred, ^ — ■ "g" 
y6ukj yat, pdk,, Yoh yih peh ; to walk about, j|| 
^ wan' jyau. Yun yau ; to be about, {{^ ; what 
are you about ? f^i^ -5^ #^ -fe^ 1^ ,ni i6' ts6' mat, 
*y6 ; about three feet high, ^ ^ H /i c^° y^uk, 
^s&m ch'ekj. Kdu yoh skn ch'ih ; scattered about, 
|/y ^ sz' s^n'. Sz s{in ; about one's person, ^^ 
isoi' ^shan. Tsdi shin, ^ ■^ ^ ,tid lok^ ^shan. 
Tid loh shin, '^^^ _t. i^'^^ t^oi' ^slian sh6ung'. 
HwM ts^i shin sh&.ng'. 
Above, upon, on, J^ shdung*. Shdng, _t6!l sh^ung 
min'. Shang mien; above [over] the head, ^B^ 
h. tsoi' jt'au sh^img'. Tsdi t'au sh^ng ; upstaira, 
-^t^-h ^soi' j^^au sh6ung'. Tsai lau shdng ; above 
ten, + ^ j^ shiipj 'yau jtl. Shih yd yd, -p ^ 
^ shdpj ^yau ^to. Shih yd to ; not above, ^ ^ 
pat, kwo'. Puh kwo ; "^ Jt. pat, sh^ung*. Puh 
shkng ; above my strength, ^ "^ ^ ^\' '>i{?o lik, 
^cM ngoi'. Wo lib chi wei ; above gi'ound, 11511 'SE 
sh^ung' tsoi'. Shdng ts/ii, i|c 'a' jl^ ^ ^ jts'ang 
kwo' ^shan. Wi ts'ang kwo shin ; he is above 
board, ^ '0| J^ 'g^ ,k'i hai' Hvan tong'. K'i hi 
wan tfiug; above bojml, ;^ ^ Q ^kwong ^t'in 
pdkj yatj. Kwimg t'ien i)eh jih ; to deal above- 
boai-d, 'g* B5 ^ $ tong' mIn' pdn sz'. Tdng mien 
pdn sz ; as above cited, ^oJt/^/f ^| ?^ sh^uiig* 'sho 
'van. Yd sh6ng so yin, Jl ^ ^ ift shdung' ^man 
'sho shiit,. Shfing wan so shwoh ; above and be- 
low, _t.~f> shdung' hd'. Shang hid ; above, on the 
surface, J^ ^' 8h6ung' min'. Shdng mien ; above, 
over the head or on an elevation, ^ Jt ii^ tsoi' 
sh6ung' ^h. 'M\\ shdng kdu ; oyer and above, ^ 



^\ ling' ngoi'. Ling wei ; aljove his capacity. ^ 
^JrZ^lk ct'^ 'sho pat, k'dp,. TA so puh k'ih, fg^ 
pg f Ij 'k'fl ts?)' /m td'. 

Abracadabra, a magical word or cliarm said in curini^ 
diseases, ^ % ^fd chau'. Fu chau, ^ fg^ ^fu 
lukj. Fu luh. 

Abrade, to, to scrape off, J|J ^ kwkt, 8<;uk,. Kwdh 
sioh, J^ ^ mdt, ho'. Moh k'a, ^ ^ kwdt, hfl'. 
Kwdh k'a. 

Abraid, to, g| ^ 'sing 'lil. Sing k'l. 

Abrasion, f^*^ kwdt, s6uk,. Kwdh sioh, ^J |f|j :^ 
kwdt, sduk, 'chd. Kwah sioh cM, |5lJ ^ ;^ i^ 
kwdt, ha' ,chl mat,. Kwdh k'a chl wuh. 

Abreast, ^ ^ ping' ^kln. Ping kien ; to walk side 
by side, t)£ ^ ping' ,hang. Ping hang, ^ jf jfg 
^ ping' ^ktn jl jhang. Ping kien rh hang; to 
stand abreast of each other, ^ jfc ping' lap^. 
Ping lih. 

Abrenimciation, see Renunciation. 

Abridge, to, ^ 'kkm. Kien; to abridge in writing, 
^ % 'kirn 's6. Kien sie, ^ ^ 'shdng 's6. San j 
si6 ; to make an extract, |^ ^ 'kdn leuk,. Kien 
lioh, fg ^^ 'kin yduk,. Kien yoh, ^ ^ 'shdng 
'k4n. Sang kien; to shorten, ^ ^ shuJc, 'tan. 
Shuli twin; to take off, ^ ^ ,ch'a ha'. Ch'a k'a, 

^ ^ tat, ha'. Toh k'a. 

Abridger ^ ^ 'kdm 'ch6. Kien ch6, %^ 'j^ ^ 
'shing 's6 'ch6. Sang si6 ch6; one who makes ex- 
tracts, %A^^'^^ tii' leuk, 'ch(4. Sie ti Uoh 
ch6. 

Abridgment, j^ ^ ts'at, id'. Ts'oh yau, ^ ^ yeuk, 
,ln. Yoh yen, |^ ^ 'kdn id'. Kien yau, ^ ^ 
'tsan id'. Tswdn yiiu ; a compendium, -^ ^ di^ 
'tsan. Ilwvii tswiin ; the quintessence, ^ ^ id* 
l^ukj. Y^u lioh ; abridgment of things, ^^^ 
jts'oi 'tan 'chd. Ts'di twdn ch6 ; abridgment of 
comforts, 1^ ^ p'ok, s6'. P'oh sd. 

Abroach, to set, ^ fg fiS ^ -i- [rS tflj] on .lung 
jt'au .mdi ha' ['tsau 't'ung]. Ngdn liuig t'au mei 
k'a [tsiu t'ung]. 

Abroad, in another country, ^ ^[^ @ tsoi' ngoi' 
kwok,. Tsdi wei kwoh, ^^|*7^ tsoi' ngoi' ^yt^ung. 
Tsdi M'ci ydng ; to go abroad, ttj i ^h H ^'h'ut, 
ha' ngoi'* kwok,. Ch'uh k'a wei kwoh, ffj ^ 
ch'ut, .mdn. Ch'uh mdn; abroad, out of the house, 
{±{ ^ ch'ut, ^kdi. Ch'uh kidi, [Ij ^ ch'ut, ha.* 
Ch'uli k'a ; goods from abroad, 7^ ^^ .v6ung fo'. 
Ydng ho, ^ ie& Pgt It >i 1^' ^«' fo'; from abkmd, 
^^K^ iffi 5|5 »ts'ung ngoi' ,ydung ,1 ,loi. Ts'img 
wei yiing rh liii; pn^claimed abroad, [^ J^ ^ ^ 
sz' ch'a' po' ,y6ung. Sz ch'd i)o ydng ; dispersed 
abroad, ()lj ^ sz' sin'. Sz sin ; abroad, not at 
home, Z^^^ pat, tsoi' ^ki. PiUi tsii kii ; out- 
side, ^ ^|» |5l tsoi' ngoi' mIn'. Tsii wei mien, 
^ ^h fiS tsoi' ngoi' ,t'au. Tsii wei t'au, ^\ ^ 
ngoi' j)in. Wei picn ; to walk abroiid, ^ -^ sin' 
p6'. Sin pd. 

Abrogate, to, j^ ^ kik, ,ch'a. Keh ch'a; to abrog- 
ate an old custom, :^ ^ =g 3^ kik, ,ch'a kau' 



ABR 



(7) 



ABS 



kw'ai. Keh ch'u kid kwei; to repeal a law, |^ ^ 

fai' fit. Fei fih ; to anul, ^ jjl fai' 'ch'i. Fei 

ch'l. 
Abrogation, :^ ^ ^ kSk, .ch'n 'che. Keh cli'd clie, 

^ ^ ^ fai' fit, 'die. Fei fib ch6 ; ^ ^tH ;^ fP 

fai' 'eh'I ^cbl sz". Fei cb'l clii sz. 
Abrood, to sit abrood, ^ ^ ^ pb" tan' ^kai ; to 

hatch ducks, ^ || pdi^ ip,. Pei yib. 
Abrupt, craggy, i^ ^ Jun ^sun. Lin siun, ^ iljljj 

jUgim jts'im. Gan ts'an, ^llj^jngcim ^ngai. Gan 



wei, llj^^ jhim jUgai. Hien wei, ijj^ kwat,. Kiueh, 
|J|^ ngokj. Yob, ^ ^yam. Yin or k'ien ; abrupt, 
apruptly, suddenly, in a sudden manner, ^ ^ 
* tat, ,In. Tab jin, ;^, ^ fat, ,in. Hwub jen, ^ 
^ cbi' >. Chi jen, ^ ^ ts'ilt, <ln. Tsub jen, 
dk ^ (.ts'ong jtn. Ts'ing jen, ^^ ^ts'ong ts'ut,. 
Tsing tsub, -g ^ ,t'ong tit. T'ing tih, ^ ^ 
^cb'ung tit,. Ch'ung tih, :jg ^ chong- tih^. 
Cbwing tih, ^ chip. Cheb ; abruptly, violently, 
^TJSM c^h'o P'ik, lik, ; unexpectedly, ;;fi ^g pat, 
1'. Puh i ; accidently, {^ ^ "^ngau ^In. Ngau jen ; 
rudely, violently, ^ ^ ts'6' p6'. Ts'ii pau ; to 
speak abruptly, |^ ^bang. Hing, j^ ^ 'ts'eung 
pak,. Ts'iang peh. 
Abruptness, ci-agginess, ^ il/^ ^lun^sun. Lin siun, 
jUgim jts'im. Gan ts'in ; roughness of cry- 



stalized bodies. 



ngim ts'im. Gan ts'in ; 



i^ jhii, fj^o^ ^p'i jb^i, ^'m leng" lau' ; precipita- 
tion, ^ :^ 'mong chong'. Ming cbwing. 

Abrupts, witty expressions, ^%\l ^^ jar U^ ^chl 
^ts'z. Jui M cht ts'z, ^ %\\ P|E -^ ^ ^tsini W k6' 
shiit, wi-, ^ P yui- 'hau. Jui k'au, ^j p li- 
'hau. Li k'au. 

Abrus praecatorius, J^vr:|i|,Eg^ jbung ^s6ung ^sz. Hung 
Sling sz, :^ J^^ ^scung ^.sz 'tau [tau']. Siing 
sz tau. 

Abscess ^ (ts'ong or ^ch'ong. Chw'ing ; a virulent 
sore, j^ ^ ok, ^cb'ong. Ngoh chw'ing ; a large 
abscess, ^ ^ <^^^iig ch'ong. Nung chw'ing. 

Abscess-lancet, ^^JJ fong' ^nung ^tb. Fing nung 
tiu. 

Abscind, to, -^ gfr ^s'lt, 't'un. Ts'ieh twin', #] ^ 
kot, hfi\ Koh k'ii, f i] Iff kot, -fan. Koh twin ; 
to cut off with scissers, "^ ^ 'tsln hu'. Tsien k'fi, 
-^.^ 'tsln ^hoi. Tsien k'ii. 

Abscission, H^i] ^ — ■ ^ kot, ha' yat, ,ch(. Koh k'ft 
yih chl ; met. ^ -^ jCb'ii ha. Cb'ii kii'. 

Abscond, to, to hide one's self, $^ ^ 'to pi". To pi, 
$^ i^ 'to ^mai. To mai, |^ g 'to nik,. To nih, 
1^ 1^ 'to ,ts'ong. To tsang, ^(g <t'6 nik,. T'au 
nib, ^ jg ,t'6 pi-. T'au pi, |g g 'yan nik,. Yin 
nih, g (g tsz- nik,. Tsz nih, ^ Jg ^ni ^mdi ; 
to run away, ^ ^ ^pan 'tsau. Pan tsau, ^ ^ 
,t'6'tsau. T'au tsau, jf i§ ^p5 ,t'6. Pd t'au, jf 
^ jpo ^md. Pd wd; to abscond and roam about, 
^ ^ ^lau ,li. Lid II, ^ ^ ,lau ha'. Lid k'fl. 

Absconder, |^ |S ^ 'to nik, 'ch6. To nih che; one 



* Whenever ^ is added to another charaeter to form an adverb 
©f manner, it is almost always followed by f^ " and." 



who runs away, ^;^^ ^t'o 'tsau 'ch6. T'au tsau 
che. 

Absconding, the act of, |^g 'to nik,. To nih, ^ 
il .t'o pl^ T'au pi. 

Absence, from home, "^^^ pat, tsoi^ ki. Puh 
tsii kii ; not at a place, ^ :^ pat, tsoi". Puh 
tsii, P§-OJ^;^ 5m 'hai ch'u'; separation, as friends, 
^ ^ 'kw'ai ^wai. Kw'ei wei, ^ ^ 'kw'ai kik,. 
Kw'ei keh ; being at a distance from each other, 
Plg}^ kik, 'an. Keh yuen, g||§ )i 'un. LI yuen. 

Absence of mind, si^ 7^ :^ ^sam pat, tsoi\ Sin puh 
tsii, l^^i£i^ ,sam ^ch'l 'tso yau'. Sin ch'l tso 
y6, :§* ^ J\j> !H ,shan tsoi^ ^sam jCh'I. Shin tsii 
sin ch'l. 

Absent, !^^ pat, tsoi'. Puh tsii ; absent from sight, 
>1^ -ffi ® lif pat, tsoi- min' ^ts'In. Puh tsii mien 
ts'ien ; separated, as friends, H^ ^ 'kw'ai jWai. 
Kw'ei wei, ^ ^ kw'ai kik,. Kw'ei keh ; to be 
distant from each other, ;j>9Pi^J^ ^seungkik, 'an. 
Siing keh yuen, :;|§ f^ j£ ^seung ^H 'an. Siing 
11 yuen ; absent for a long time, ^ itt ^ :^ jli 
'ts'z 'ho 'kau. LI ts'z hiu kid; long absent, soon 
forgotten, K^W%%^^^ IB jan 'kau ^I 
pit, tsak, I" ^mong kf. Jin kid II pieh, tseh I wing^ 
kl; leave of absence, ^^^ ts'im' 84'sz\ Tsin 
si6 sz. 

Absent, to, to absent one's self, ^ ^ ^11 ha'. LI k'u; 
to slip away from, "^^ t'ut, ^shan. T'oh shin ; to 
betake one's self to a distance, :}^:^ |^-^ ^ch'au 
^shan 'an ha'. Ch'au shin yuen k'ii. 

Absentee, [ij^f*;^ ch'ut, ngoi" 'ch6. Ch'uh wei ch6; 
one who is from his post, ^ 'fi ^ se' yam" 'che. 
Si6 jin ch6. 

Absinthium, see "Wormwood. 

Absist, fl^ pa^ Jo, ^ 'chl. Chl, g^ 'i. f. 

Absolute, unlimited in power, free, g ^ tsz" 'chS 
Tsz clid ; absolute as applied to God, when refer- 
ring to lus existence &c., g ¥^ tsz- ^in. Tsz jen \ 
complete, ^ ,ts'an. Ts'iuen, ^ -^ ,ts'ai ^ts'dn. 
Ts'i ts'iuen ; absolute authority, >^ i "S ^ tuh^ 
'chu ^k'i ,k'un. Tuh did k'l k'iuen, g^E* 7^ ± 
tsz- 'kl tsok, 'chu. Tsz kl tsoh chd, g ± jf #| 
tsz' 'did jk'an ping'. Tsz chd k'iuen ping, ^ |5^ 
;^ ;jg ^ ^mb bin- ^chl ,k'an shai'. Wd Men chl 
k'iuen shI, g .^;^ |i^ tsz' ^In ^chl ,k'un shai'. 
Tsz jen chl k'iuen shI ; an absolute estate, /\\ J^ 
"^ ^ 'sid ^hong ^cbl ^ki. Siiu kang chl kii ; an 
absolute promise, fe ^ ^■fj ^mo 'shong yeuk,. Wd 
sbwing yob, ^^^^%\ jmo t'ui' ^wai ^chl 
'hu. Wd t'di wei cbi ha ; an absolute refusal, ||f 
^ -^ tun' pat, 'hang. Twin pub kang, ^ tjl^ pg- 
-^ sbl" pit, ,m 'hang ; how absolute the knave is, 
fi ^ ^ pfr W # ko' ^kwong kwan' kom' ts'6' 
po' ; ^ teng'. Ting, ^ shat^. Shib ; arbitrary, ^ 
^ yam' I'. Jin I. 

Absolutely, ^^ teng' ^in. Ting jen, ^^ ¥^^ pit, ^In 
Pib jen, ^ ^v shI" pit,. Shi pih ; ^\ ^^ pit, ^sa. 
Pih sd, i)is % pit, teng'. Pih ting, ^ ^)l^ m6' pit,. 
"Wd pih ; it must be so, ;^ ^ -j^l^ 'kwo jin hai' 



ABS 



(8) 



ABS 



'k5m ; it can not possibly be otherwise, ^^^ 
^ pat, tak, pat, ^in. Puh tch puh jen. 

Absoluteness, g i?f^ ffil .^ ^ tsz' ^in ^1 ,in 'ch^. Tsz 
jen rh jen ch^, ^¥}^ZW^ tsz' ,in ^chi ^k'fln 
shai'. Tsz jen chl k'iuen shi ; 

Absolution, acquittal, M§f^ '^di tsdi' 'ch^. Ki&i 
tsdi ch6, ^ ^ 'kdi ^ftn. Kiai yuen ; forgiveness 
of sins, ^ p sh6^ tsdi^ Shi6 tsdi, || p shik, 
tsdi'. Shih tsdi, §^:tM ts6i' ,c^i sh6\ Tsdi chl 
shid. 

Absolutism, 5^ ^ ;^ 3® ,t'in meng' ^chi '11. T'ien 
ming chl ^U^WiZM. ^^ sh6' ^chi t6'. T'ien sd 
chi tiu ; despotism, ^^ '^ jk'6ung pa'. K'idng pd. 

Absolvatory, ^ p fj^ sink, tsdi' tik,. Shih tsdi till, 
i^ P ^ sli6' tsdi' tik,. Slii6 tsdi tih. 

Absolve, to, ^ p sh6' tsdi'. Slii6 tsdi, ^ p 'kdi 
tsdi'. Kiai tsdi, ;^ p 'min tsdi'. Mien tsdi ; to 
pardon, as the emperor, J^ |^ .yan sh6'. Ngan 
shi^ ; to absolve from an engagement, ^ ^ 'k&i 
iin'. Kiai yuen ; magnanimously to pardon an 
offence, %f^^M S^^ '^^ ^sui' kwo'. Kw'an 
mien tsiii kwo ; to absolve from all consequences, 
W\^M'^ tiin' 'min ^kwdn jhai. Tw^n mien 
kwan hi. 

Absolver, |gi^p^ sh6' tsdi' 'ch6. Shi^ tsdi ch6. 

Absolving, acquitting of a crime, ^ p sh6' tsdi'. 
Shi^ tsdi, ^ p A^ 'mln tsdi' kwo'. Mien tsdi 
kwoh, ^ p yau' tsdi'. Yd tsdi. 

Absonant, dissonant, ^ ^ ^ ^ cShing ^yam pat, 
hbp^. Shing yin puh hob, ^,=^^^ .^^^^'^g jam 
pat, jWO. Shing yin puh ho ; unreasonable, ^-^ 
^ pat, h6pj 'li. Puh hoh 11 ; very absurd, ^ ^ 
tii'mau'. Tdmid. 

Absonato, to, to avoid, ^ 'mln. Mien ; to abhor, 

t^ Wi c*^"!? <i'- Tsang wd. 

Absorb, to, ^ 5^ shuk, t'au'. Shuh t'au, '^ ^ 
tsam' t'au'. Tsin t'au, '^ A tsam' yapj. Tsin jih, 
J|^ J^ (Sbau shikj. Sliau shih ; to suck up dry, 
(^ f £ */P tsiit, jkon tseng'. Tsuh kdn tsing ; to 
suck in, 1^ 71 k'ap, yapj. Kih (hili) jih, ^ shikj. 
Shih ; to swallow, :^A c"^"^^ V^Vi ^'un jih, ["to 
absorb, ^y^"?]. 

Absorbable, pjl^^ ^^^ shuk, t'au'. K'o shuh t'au, 
pf '^5^ ff^j 'ho tsam' t'au' tik,. K'o tsin t'au tih. 

Absorbent, ^ i\jCil^Z^^ V^^ ^shau sliap, ^chi tak,. 
Yi'i shau shih cbi teh. 

Absorbents, ^4]^j^^^ ^shau shap, ^chl mat,. Shau 
shih chi wuh ; absorbents, medicines, ^l^^J^^ 
^shau shik, ^chi ^tsai. Shau shih chi tsl, ^^^ 
1^ hii' ^siin ^chl y6ukj. K'ii swan chl yob. 

Absorption, |j| shuk,. Shuh, l|^ '^j^ ^ ^shau shap, 
'ch6. Shau shih ch6, ij^; j^ ^ ,shau shik, 'ch«i. 
Shau shih ch^ ; swallowing, ^ A ^ c^'an yap, 
'che. T'unjihch6. 

Abstain, to, ^ k»li'. KiAi ; to abstain from [certain] 
food, j^ p kdi' 'hau. KiM k'au, *H p kam' 'hau 
Kin k'au, ^ ^ ^chai kki'. Chili kiiii ; to refrain 
from, ^i^ tSz'^shau. Tsz shau, g]^ tsz' ch'uk,. 
Tsz shuh, g :jf tsz' ,ch'i. Tsz ch'i, g ^ tsz' 



kam'. Tsz kin, g^ tsz' kai'. Tsz kiai, g;^^ tsz' 
'kim. Tsz kien ; to abstain from wine, ^ ^ kai' 
'tsau. Kidi tsid ; to abstain from sexual indul- 
gences, ^^ kdi' shik,. Ki^ sih ; to abstain from 
gambling, ^^ kki' 't6. Kiai tu ; to abstain from 
fornication, y^ y^ kai' ,yam. Kidi yin, ^ ^ kai' 
jP'id. Kidi p'idu ; to abstain from (on account of 
having been warned), ^J^ king kdi'. Kingkiki. 

Abstaining, ^ kai'. Kidi. 

Abstemious, ^ fjj ,11m tsit,. Lien tsieh, f(i ^ tsit, 
yung'. Tsieh yung, |fj ^ tsit, kim'. Tsieh kien, 
^ P I^ kam' 'hau tik,. Kin k'au tih, ^ p (^ 
ki' 'hau tik,. Ki k'au tih ; temperate, ^ ^ :^ 
pat, ^to shikj. Puh to shih ; to be temperate in 
eating and drinking, ^ ^ -0: ^ pat, ^to 'yam 
shikj. Puh to yin shih, #b ^ ^ ^ yam shik, 
*yau t6'. Yin shih yd tu ; abstemious in every 
thing, /L^fjJ^ jfi^ 8z' tsit, yung*. Fdn sz tsieh 

Abstemiousness, ^ 4^ ^ kdi' mat, 'ch6. Kidi wuh 
ch6, ^M^ kam' ki'^ch6. Kin ki ch6, MP^ 
ki' 'hau 'che. Ki k'au cU. 

Abstension, * ^ kam'. Kin. 

Abstentus, tf:^:fMlg^|||^ ,tong ^kk pat, 
*chun tsz' 'kun ip^ 'ch^, Tdng kid puh chun tsz 
kwdn nieh ch6. 

Absterge, to, jj^ mut^. Moh ; to wipe clean, Jj^ ^ 
f^ mut, ^kon tseng'. Moh kdn tsing ; ^|^ shik, 
^kon. Shih kdn ; ^^^ mat, kon tseng'. 

Abstergent, t ^ '^ ^ ^ casing liit, ^chi ^tsai. 
Tsing hiueh chi tsi g^y^-^H chi' s6' ^chi y^uk,. 
Chi si6 chi yoh, ^^ san' it^. Skn jeh. 

Abstersion, jH^ ttsing ^ch'ong. Tsing ch'wdng. 

Abstersive, see abstergent. 

Abstinence, J^ kki'. Kidi ; fasting, ^^ (Chki kdi'. 
Chdi kidi, ^ ^ 'shau ^chki. Shau chdi ; absti- 
nence from food, J^'0^ kdi' sliik,. Kidi shih. 

Abstinent, temperate, fjj M 6^ ^% T^^g' tik,. 
Tsieh yung tih, ^ ^ kim tik,. Kien tih, ^^ 
1^ 'kim 'tim tik^. 

Abstinently, ^f^'jfa^ tsit, yung' ^1 ,shang. Tsi^h 
yung rh sang, ^ ^ ^ ^ 'jara. shik, 'j-au t6'. 
Yin shih yd tu. 

Abstract, an epitome, ^J^ iu' l^uk,. Ydu lioh, |g 
^ ts'ut, id'. Tsoh ydu ; essence, ^ ,tseng. Tsing, 
^^ yeuk, ,in. Yoh yen. 

Abstracts, ^ 7J^ ,lin rniik,. Lien muh. 

Abstract, to, to take from, ^ ^ch'ii. Ch'd, ^ -^ 
,ch'u hii'. Ch'd k'u ^ ^l) ^fan pit,. Fan pieh ; 
to distil, ^ jChing. Ching ; to deduct, ^ ,ch'a. 
' Ch'd ; to take out, :||i| -J- ch'au hii. Ch'au k'Q, 
ij^ m jCh'au ch'ut,. Ch'au ch'uh ; to take from 
amongst, ^ W\ pkt, ch'ut. Pkli ch'uh ; to steal 
other people's ideas, ^^ Iduk, 'mi. Lioh mi, :^ 
^ ^ch'ku sit,. Ch'du tsieh ; to take clandestinely, 
i^% ^t'au sit,. T'au tsieh, jj^ sit, 'ts'u. Tsieh 
ts'tt. 



ABS 



(9) 



ABU 



Abstracted in mind, ^ ^ tdm" pok^. Tdn poh. ; ab- 
stracted ideas, ^ ^ jtseng f . Tsing i ; abstract- 
ed scholar, 'ji^ ^ ^ jt ^sau ^clian ^cM sz*. Siu 
chin chi sz, j^ |^ j^ i inin' pik, _^chl sz\ Mien 
pih chi sz. 

Abstractedly, to consider a subject, |^ |^ S ^ 
^ch'ui lun' ,k'i '11. Ch'ui lun k'l U, ^ |^ ^ ^ 
tukj lun^ *mau sz^ Tuh lun nxkn sz, |^ ^ ;^ — ■ 
lun^ sz* ^chl yat,. Lun sz chi yih ; alDstractedly, 
to consider a subject by itself, ^ /§ iM! ^ iflj 
|gf ^ il ^ch'ui jiin ^k'i sz* ^1 lun* ^k'i 'U? Ch'ui 
yuen k'i sz rh lun k'i li, |^ ^ ;^ :J^ ;^ lun* sz* 
^chi tukj 'ch6. Lun sz chi tuh che. 

Abstracter, M ^ W: M '^^ ^^^K i^' 'ch6. Si6 Uoh 
yiiu che. 

Abstracting, ^ 'kdm. Kien, ^ jCh'ii. Ch'u ; ab- 
stracting from &c., #EE ^1 #, $: ffil 1^ ^ S ^mb 
'chi ^t'd sz* jl lun* jk'i ']1. Wii chi t'^ sz rh lun 
k'i li. 

Abstraction, religious, or disregard of worldly affairs, 
fl^ jShin. Shen ; complete abstraction, ^ {(^ Jiii 
^sam. Hii sin ; complete abstraction, as in Nir- 
wana, — ■ ^ ^ 1^ yat, nim* pat, tung*. Yih nien 
puh tung. 

Abstractive, nf j|| ^ ^ 'ho ^nang jCh'ii tik,. K'o 
nang ch'u tih. 

Abstractly, ^lJt^tSr?qife;fi^'chi 'ts'z wSk, 
'pi ^i lun* ^k'i 'li. Chi ts'z hwoh pi rh lun k'i li. 

Abstractness, a separate state, ^"^ tuk, tsoi*. Tuh 
tsai; a state of contemplation, ||/c^ makj 's^ung. 
Meh siang. 

Abstricted, ^ 'k^. Kidi, ^ J shik, 'Hu. Shih 
li4u. 

Abstrude, to, |i-^ ^t'tii hii'. T'ui k'ii ; to push out, 
^ {ij chuk, ch'ut.,. Chuh ch'uh. 

Abstruse, deep, difficult to comprehend, ^ ^ 6' 
mill*. Ngau miau; very abstruse, '^^ ^sham h\ 
Shin ngau ; profound and mysterious, '^ jtp 
^sham miu*. Shin midu ; hidden, |^ ^^ yan ^mi. 
Yin mi, ^ -^ ,mi mid*. Wi miau, ^ :{^ jau 
jml. Yd wi, ^ ^ pf matj. Pi mih, '^ '^ ^sham 
'mid. Shin midu ; abstruse doctrine, ^ ^ ^ 5^ 
W mid* ^chi t6*. Ngau miau chi tau, ^ ^ jiin 
'11. Hiuen li; difl&cult to comprehend, ^ ^ 
jUdn ,t'ung. N6,n t'ung, |^ iglj ^n^ ch'ak,. Ndn 
ts'eh. 

Abstrusely, obscurely, ^^ ^mung mui*. Mung mei, 
^^ pat, ,miag. Puh ming. 

Abatruseness, Hb^ ^^ mdi*. Ng&-n mei; imperspi- 
cuity, "^ ^ pat, jming. Puh ming, ^ ^ ^mung 
'ohe. Mung ch6. 

Absume, ^,%^^^ tsim* tsim* ^siu W. Tsien 
tsien siau hw^. 

Absurd, not according with reason, ^ '^ ^ pat, 
h6pj 'li. Puh hoh li ; absurd language, :^|ft ^ngoi 
shiit,. Ngdi shwoh, ^1^ mau* shiit,. Mid shwoh, 
^|4 'mong shut,. Wdng shwoh, ^ gQ; .d shiit,. 
Hd shwoh, y^^ fdn' 'ii. Edn yd ; vague, absurd 
words, ^'^^^ /au fan' ^chi ^In. Eau fdn chi 



yen ; how absurd, ^ i^ mau* ^tsoi. Mid tsii ! 

Absurdity, nonsense, ^ ^ mau* shut,. Mid shwoh, 
^Ift 'mong shut,. Wang shwoh, }(^lj^ wan* 
ch^ung'. Wan chang. 

Absurdly, how absurdly he talks, ^ ^ fi ^ -{^ 

. mau* ^tsoi jk'i ^in 'ya. Mid tsdi k'i yen ya; do not 
talk so absurdly, Pg :^ RS5: 11 P /m 'ho 'kom liin* 
'kong. 

Abundance, ^ J^ ^fung shing*. IWg shing; abun- 
dance (said of the harvest), ^ ^ c^ung ^tang. 
Fimg tang, g-j^ ^fung hau*. Fung hau; wealth, 
|g^ jan fd'. Yin fd, ^^ /ung fd'. Pung fd ; 
exuberance of foliage, ^ j^ mau* sliing*. Mau 
shing, ^^ chong' shing*. Chwang shing; abun- 
dance (in a general sense), "^^ jau u*. Yd yd, 
^|g! jid ii*. Jau yd, ^ ^ chung' shing*. Chung 
shing, ^ ^ ^ch'^ung shing*. Ch'ang sliing, ^ 
^ jdi shing*. Wei shing, ^J^ ^tun <p'ong. Tun 
pdng, ;^^ sP'du 'sau. P'du sau; prosperity, flou- 
rishing, ^ ^ yuk, yuk,. Yuh yuh, ^ ^ ^sham 
^sham. San san, ^^ Qigong' ngong'. Ydng yclng 
[immensity], 7^ 7^ .y^ung ,y6img. Yang yang, 
^^ 'pi 'pi. Pi pi, '^^ /au ,fau. Pd fd, ^ ^ 
'tsai 'tsai. Tsi tsi, ^ ^ ^t'ung ^t'ung. T'ung 
t'ung; luxuriance (said of grain in the field), ^ 
j^ung. Jdng, 1^ jfan. Pdn; plenty, '^ ,tsz. Tsz. 

Abundant, 



tsuk, 'yau ^u. Tsuh yd yd, :g ^ 



^ /ung tsuk,. Pung tsuh. ^^ ^ 
^ sham* ^to. Shin 
to, ^ ^ Mkj ^to, luxuriant, ^ ^ mau* shing*. 
Mau shing, ^ ^ shin^ ^to. (Most of the preced- 
ing compounds can be used as attributive adjec- 
tives ; the compounds yuk yuk &c., occur chiefly 
in poetry. When they are used, another synonym 
may be substituted.) 

Abundantly, ^ f^ p'di' ^in. P'ei jen. 

Abuse, -^^^ 'mong yung*. Wdng yung, ||,^ lun' 
yung*. Lwdn yung, ^)^ mb* yung*. Mau yung, 
^ ^ 'mong 'shai. Wdng shi ; a corrupt custom, 
^, -^^k, tsuk,. Ngoh suh, 1^ ^ pai* tsuk,. Pi 
sub, ^ j^ wai* tsuk,. Hwai suh ; railing, fjjg 
^hau. Hau, |^ ^ch'an. Ch'in, ^ ^tsau. Tsau ; to 
put an abuse upon a person, ^ J^ ^ ^sau yiikj 
^yan. Sid juh jin. 

Abuse, to, to make ill use of, ^ ^ 'mong yung*. 

Wdng yung, ^ ^ lun* yung*. Lwdn yung ; to 
as. 



raU at, S|| li* ma*. Li md, ^ ma*. Md, 
yukj md*. Juh ma, gjg ^ 'kau md*. Kau md, fjg 
^ 'kau sui*. Kau sui ; to abuse a woman (rape), 
3S ^ I^ jk'6ung jt'ung 'nu. K'iang t'ung nil, 
^ ^ jk'^ung ^k6,n. K'idng kien ; to abuse one's 
confidence, ^|§ hi p'in'. K'i p'ien. 

Abuser, one who alDuses other people, 5£ ^ ^ 
chau' m&* 'ch^. Chau md ch6 ; a cheat, ^^ |§ J^ 
^ hi p'in' jan 'ch6. K'i p'ien jin ch^, ^^^ 
li* md* 'ch4. Li md ch6. 

Abusive, insulting, ^ J^ ^ ^sau yuk, tik,. Sid 
juh tih; cheating, ^^ H ^^ ^hi p'in' tik,. K'i 
p'ien tih; abusive language, ^A^l^ ^" J*^ 
jChI wd*. Md jin chi hw6,. 



ABU 



(10) 



ACC 



Abusively, to treat one insultingly, ^j M ^ A 
hdk, pokj toi' jan. K'eh poh t^ jin, ^^Jp ^ 
\ 'h6 jSau yukj toi' jan. Hdu siu juh ttii jin, 

Abufliveness, disposition to abuse others, 7] ^ ^tiii 
tuk,. Tidu tuli, 7J ^ ;^ It c**^ *^ c^hi sing'. 
Tidu tub chi sing. 

Abut, to, pjif ^ fii' kan'. Fd kin, ^ |f fu' ^yung. 
Fii yung, 1^ ^ ^lun chii\ Lin chii ; to abut 
(border) upon China, Pl^l ^ PfJ g fu* ,yung 
jChung kwok,. Fu yung Chung kwoh. 

Abutment, a dam or solid support for the extre- 
mity of a bridge to restrain the force of the water, 
aft^'inpd'. Yenpd. 

Abuttals, |^;g kdi' shek,. Kidi shih. 

Abysm, '^ ,t'{im. T'dn ; no bottom, '^J ^p ^sham 
jt'dm. Shin t'dn. 

Abysmal, |tt |g ^^ ,m6 'tai tik,. Wu tl tih. 

-^byss, '^ ^un. Yuen, '^ '^ ^sham ^iin. Shin yuen ; 
a deep abyss, i(g*^ 'wan ^iin. Wan yuen; a boimd- 
less abyss, -^ •;^ kong' t\mg*. Ki^g timg ; a 
bottomless abyss, ^]^::t,WA s™^ 'tai ,chi ,sham 
.t'dm. Wu ti chi shin fan, ^)^Z.Wi ."^^ '^ 
^chl ^iin. Wu ti chi yuen ; hados, ^^ tV yuk,. 
'■I'i yoh, ji^ 'kau jts'iin. Kid ts'uen. 

Abyssinia, Ek t^ 1^3 B^ »{I« @ Apisini^ kwok. 

Abyssinian, an, ^. ^ j/g PJS © ^ A Apisinia kwok, 
jan. Apisinia kwoh jin. 

Acacia, ^^1^ ^sid sak, /&. Siku seh hwd, ,% ^ 

% ,u ^ii ,1. Wd yd rh, ^j^ltm ,shing sik, /L 

Shing 8ih hwd, ^ ^ ts6' kok,. Tsdu koh, ^ ^ 

jUgd kok,. Yd koh ; seeds of, ^^-^ kiit, ,ming 

tsz. Kiueh ming tsz. 

Academical, ^^^»J hokj uvl tik,. Hioh yuen tih. 

Academician, a member of the Imperial College at 
Peking, ^ ;^ ^ ± Hon* ^lam hok^ sz'. Hdn lin 
hioh sz ; ^:^ t'dm' ^fd. T'dn hwd. 

Academy, a private school for children, ^ ||f ^shu 
'kdn. Shu kwdn, ^ ||f hok, 'kdn. Hioh kwin,, 
^ ^ hokj jt'ong. Hioh t'^ng ; a public school, 
j^ ^ 'she hokj. Slii6 hioh ; a college, § |^ 
^shfl iin'. Slid yuen ; a college in ancient times, 
*^ .ts'eung. Ts'idng, J^ tsii'. tsil, ^j^ liok, 
kdu'. Hioh kidu ; a private academy, A ij^ It 
tdi' ^king 'kun. T4 king kw4n ; a district or pre- 
fectural aca<lemy, ^^ hok, ,kung. Hioh kung; 
a public academy, ^ ^ hokj iin'. Hioh yuen ; 
an ancient do. ^ '^ ,hung kung. Hung kung ; 
the imperial academy, !^ >j)^ ^ hon' ,1am iin'. 
Hdn 11 n yuen. 

Acanaceous, ^ f^ |^ ^y^^ ^^i ^i'^- ^^ ^^"^ *^^ 5 ^ 
rough, thorny as a bmmble, ^ ^ pf}* ^ (fl lak, 
k6m' ,hdi. Yd leh k&n hidi. 

Acanthabolus, ^ ^ ^tslm ,k'Im. Tsien k'ien. 

Acanthus ilicifoUus, ^ ^ ^ j^oj^g <f^ ^^^v ^^^ 
hwd lib. 

Acatalcpsia, >f^ tli afil ^ P*^^ i^^^S .t'^^g 'c^^* 

Pull nang t'ung ci>6. 
Acatery, ^ ^ M ^ iit '^un '11 ,wong ,ch'a chik,. 

Kwdn 11 hwfing ch'd chih. 



Acatharsia, • jfD. ;^ 1^ 3^ :^ hiit, ,chl pat, tseng* 
'ch6. Hiueh chi puh tsing ch6. 

Accede, to, to consent, jQ^ 'wan chun. Yun chvm, 
yt ^ 'wan nokj. Yim noh ; to acquiesce in, g^ 
'hii. Hu ; to join, ^ ^ fd' ,ts'ung. Fd ts'ung ; 
to join a party (for good or bad), ^ jffl fd' ,wo. 
Fd ho, ^|}j^ ,1 fd*. I fd ; to accede to a treaty, ^ 
^ M ^ ^^' ,ts'ung ^ch(:'ung ,ch'ing. Fd ts'ung 
chdng ch'ing. 

Accedence, fCJl^ '^^Ji 'chun. Yun chun. 

Accelerate, to, to hasten, ^ j^ 'sz ts'uk,. Sz sub, 
^ Jg chduk, ts'uk,. Choh sub, -fg ^ ,t8'di kap,. 
Ts'di kih, i^ jg ^ts'di pik,. Ts'di pill, {g jg te'di 
ts'uk,. Ts'di suli, -flp ^ ^ts'di 'kan. Ts'di kin, ff 
{E ^ts'di tsuk,. Ts'di ts'uh ; to quicken one's st^ps, 
^ ^ kap, p6'. Kih pd, ft # jmong p6*. M&ng 
pd ; tell him [make him] to be quick, ^ ^B 't^ 
^ ch^uk, 'k'u fdi' 'tsau ; make him to be a little 
quicker, ^ ^, ^ ch6uk, kap, tik, [or,tl]. 

Accelerating, ^ j^ 'Sz ts'uk,. Sz suh. 

Acceleration, '^ J^ :^ 'Sz ts'uk, 'ch^. Sz suh ch6, 
fi ^ ^ ct8'm kap, 'ch6. Ts'di kih Che, -^ jj 
^ts'di ts'uk,. Ts'di suh, ^ ^ ch6uk,kap,. Choh 
kih. 

Accelerative, '^ ^ ^^ 'sz ts'uk tik,. Sz suh tih, ^ 
^ 1^ ch^uk, kap, tik,. Choh kih tih. 

Accend, to, to kindle, |$ A ^^% '^o- ^^^ ^O' ^ A 
t'au' 'fo. T'au ho, |^ A '^^ '^o. Tien ho ; to set 
on fire, j^ A ^^ng' 'fo. Fdng ho. 

Accension, ^ A '^ ^ ^^*> '^° t^^ ^'*- ^^^ ^° ^^^ 
8z, ;5J; A ^ i long' 'fo ^chl sz*. Fdng ho chi sz. 

Accent, a mark upon syllables, ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ 3fe 
,in 'ti jhing chung* ^chi hd*. Yen yd k'ing chung 
chi h4u; a mark denoting the raising and de- 
pressing of the voice, ^'^^'i^S^^i^ 
*u ^k6 ^tai ^shing ^clii ho*. Yen yd kau ti shing 
chi hdu ; a mark denoting the power of a syllable, 
W^^MZ^ S^'^ ,ch'6ung 'tun ^chi h6'. 
Yen yd ch'dng tw&n clii hdu ; the accent* of the 
Chinese language are tone-marks and constitute 
an essential part of the spoken vernacular. Tliese 
tone-marks are (from their form) called circles, 
^ ^ t jWai ^hiin. Wei k'uen, and the four tones 
themselves fi-om their numbers, p^ ^ sz' ,sheng. 
Sz shing. The latter are subdivided into, ^ ,p'ing. 
even, and jj^ chak,. Tseh, oblique tones. The 2ji 
jP'ing, even, is in Peking divided into the higher 
and lower tones. The _t. sheiuig*. Sh/vng, higher 
p'ing shing is called the ^ 2p ts'ing ,p'ing. Ts'ing 
p'rng, the clear [sonorous] even tone, and the "Ji 
hd*. Hid, lower, is called the j^ ^ cliuk, ,p'ing, 
the muddy [dull] even tone. The |/^ chak,. Tseh, 
oblique tones are the J[^ sh^ung*. Shdng and the 
^ hu'. K'd, shing, the upper and the departing 
tones of the Peking dialect. The variation of the 
number of thesa tones and the mo<lulatioii of the 
voice in pronouncing them differs, however, 



* '}^^^' t Also simply ^ and ffl ft. 



ACC 



(11) 



ACC 



greatly throughout the Chinese empire. The four 
tones of the Peking dialect are marked thus : — 
^ for the higher and Jj^ for the one additional 
lower tone ; the five tones of the Nanking dialect 
are marked ^ [d] ; the six tones of the Hakka 
dialect thus : — ^ ^ ; and the eight tones of the 
Punti dialect thus : — [d] ^] (Por further inform- 
tion on this subject see Grammar of the Chinese 
Language by the author) ; the local accent, ^ 
^ %'b vfAK T'u hwA, ± ^ %'b jt'km. T'u t'dn, 
± # 't'o ja^- T'li yin, ± Q 't'5 p&k,. T'ti 
P&, (the designation of the local brogue in Shang- 
hai) ; the village brogue ^ ^ ^heung jt'dm. 
Hiang t'dn ; the prevalent local dialect, j^ §Jf 
tsuk, vfk\ Suh hwa. 

Accent, to, ^tti#^^#^^S shin' ch'ut, 
jin 'ii jShing ^yam ^chi ^hing chung'. Shen ch'uh 
yen yd sliing yin chi k'ing chung. 

Accentor, ?FP ^ ;^ S ^ # jWO ngok^ ,chi chi* ^kb 
yam. Ho ngoh chi chi kau yin. 

Accentual, J^ # M^ ^ # ^ shukj ,in 'ii ,shing 
^yam tik,. Shuh yen yu shing yin tih. 

Accentuate, to, ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ g h6' ,In 'a 
shing ,yam ^chi ,hing chung*. H^u yen yd shing 
yin chi k'ing chung; to accentuate Chinese 
wojfds or characters, ^ ^hun. K'iuen. 

Accentuation, ^ # ^ S # ^ ^ M ^ hb' ,In 'ii 
^shing ^yam ^chl ^hing chung* '^ch6. H^u yen yu 
shing yin chi k'ing chung ch6. 

Accept, to, (sometimes with of) from a superior, -^ 
'ling. Ling, ij^ -fj ,shau 'ling. Shau ling, ^ ^ 
shau* ndpj. Shau nah ; respectfully accept, ^ -fl 
king' 'ling. King ling, H 4| 'kan 'ing. Kin ling; 
to accept with a bow, ^ -^ pdi' 'Jing. Pai ling ; 
to accept smilingly, ^ ^ siii* ndip,. Si&u nkh, 
Hg ^ ch'an ndp^. Shin n&h ; to accept (to re- 
tain,) ]|^ 1^ ^shau jlau. Shau liu ; to retain re- 
spectfully, ^ 1^ king' jlau. King lid ; to retain 
with courtesy, ^ ^ pAi' ^lau. Pdi lid ; to retain 
informally, ^^ 'ch^6 Jau. Ts'ieh lid ; to accept 
•with thanks, "H^ 'ling ts^'. Ling si^ ; to accept 
of office, ^ '^ pai' ,kun. Pai kwan ; to accept 
an order, bill, or cheque, |^ ^ @ H. ^lau jts'iin 
di* ,tdn. Lid ts'un hwui tkn ; to accept an offer- 
ing, ^ ^ 'heung tsai*. Hidng tsl ; to decline to 
accept, ^ ^ts'z. Ts'z, ip yfi ^ k'6uk, pat, shau*. 
K'ioh puh shau. 

Acceptability, "Sf |p^ i^ 'ho ndp, 'ch6. K'o nkh che, 
W 'o' S ^ 'ho hbp, I'^che. K'o hoh I ch6. 

Acceptable, "Pf )|p^ |^ 'ho napj t'ik,. K'o ndh tih, 
^^ ,h6m n&pj. K'dn ndh ; pleasing, ^^^ hbp^ 
I'. Hoh 1, t^:t ut, i' tik,. Yueh I tih, Pr#lt&xf 
'ho ^hl ilt, tik,. 'K'o hf yueh tih, ^A^JT^ ^^i* 
jan 'sho iitj. Wei jin so yueh. 

Acceptableness, "pf j^;^^ 'ho ndpj ,chi 1'. K'o ndh 
chi i, ^^ Z, i .hbm ndp, ,cM I'. K'in n^h chi I. 

Acceptably, pf^^^ 'ho ndp, tik. K'o ndh tih ; ac- 
ceptably to every one, i^'At^^l^ ^^^i S^'^ ^*» ^'• 
Koh jin yueh i. 



Acceptance, ^^ tsip, ndp^. Tsieh n&h ; acceptance 
of a bill of exchange, @ H. ^ "0 -^ di* ^tSn ,chl 
,lau jts'iin. Hwui tdn ,chi lid ts'un ; to request 
one's acceptance of, 0r^^)^ jk'I jWai sid' nap,. 
K'l wei sidu nah. 

Acceptation, the meaning of a word, ^ ^ tsz* i'. 
Tsz I ; ^% jts'z i'. Ts'z 1 ; reception, ^^"ZM^ 
'hi fit ,chl I'. 'HI yueh chi 1 ; worthy of accepta- 
tion, "^1^^ 'ho nSpj 'ch6. 'K'o ndh ch6 ; worda 
worthy of acceptation, Pf^^^^ 'ho nap ^chl ^In, 
'K'o nih chi yen. 

Accepted, customary, ^ ^ ,kw'ai 'kfi. Kw'ei kvl ; 
'^ ^ jSheung lai*. Ching U ; received, jj^ ^ 
jShau 'to. Shau ikxx. ; not refused or returned, i^ 
j^ ^shau ndp. Shau ndh ; as a bill, ^ ^ jlau 
jts'un. Lid ts'un. 

Accepter, ^ )S^ :^ tslp, nip^ 'ch4. Tsih n&h che. 
God is no accepter of persons, J^ ^ 1^ fil ^ A 
gh^ung* tai* pat, ^p'ln shI* jyan. Shdng tl pvih 
p'ien shl jin. 

Acceptilation * J|^ ^ ^shau ^tin. ^Shau tin. 

Accepting, ^J(^ tslp, ,shau. Tsieh shau, -^^ 'ling 
shau*. Ling shau. 

Access, ^ j?§ jyau 16*. Yd Id ; admittance to a place, 
W^A ho tak, yapj. K'o teh jih; admittance to 
a person, pf J^ ^ M ho "'i kin' min*. K'o 1 kien 
mien, J^ ^ 'chun kin'. Chun kien ; easy of ac- 
cess, ^ ^ ^ ® syuD? ^' ^^"^ vc&r^. Yung 1 kien 
inien, '%^^%i ,fun '1 tsip, matj. Kw&,n 1 tsieh 
wuh, ^ J^ ;^ ^ 5W0 'I 'ch'ii chung*. Ho 1 ch'u 
chung ; difficult of access. Hi l^i ^ ]S s'^^^ "'^ 
kin' min'. Ndn 1 kien mien ; free access to, ^^ 
% :fgl tak, kin' ,mo ^k'ii. Teh kien wd k'u ; to 
refuse access to, to decline a visit, !!^ ""^ pat, 
di* min*. Puh hwui mien ; access of wealth, ^ 
^ ,t'lm ,ts'oi. T'ien ts'ai, % ^ fat, ,ts'oi. Pah 
ts'4i ; access of property, J[/B ^ ^ ^ ,ka ^tsang 
^kci Ipj. Kia tsang ki5 nieh ; the first access (pa- 
roxism) of a fever, %M^i^% 'ch'I ,ch'o fdt, 
'lang Itj. Ch'l tsd fah lang jeh ; an axjcess of fe- 
ver, %%% % shon It, fuk, fdt,. Han jeh fuh fah. 

Accessarilyi % ^^ ,t'lm tik,. T'ien tih, %)^^ 
^t'lm ,kk tik,. T'ien kia tih. 

Accessariness, [^ H ^ jt'^ng ^mau 'che. T'ung 
mau che ; participation in a plot, [^ ^ jt'ung 
jmau. T'ung mau. 

Accessary, accessory, second in a crime, ^ ^£ 
jts'ung fdn*. Ts'ung fdn ; accessary to a plot, |^ 
g| jt'ung ^mau. T'ung mau ; that is but accessory, 
^^^ shl* ts'z' sz*. SM ts'z sz ; the accessary 
must go after the principal, |^| ^ ^ iK^ ^ "^ i^ 
jt'ung .mau 'che pit, tsung* 'shau 'ch6. T'ung 
mau ch6 pieh ts'ung shau che ; accessary, partici- 
pator in a plot, 1^1 ft ^ jt'ung ^mau 'che. T'ung 
mau che, ^ §f ^ 'yau tsdi' 'che. Yd tsdi che ; 
principal and accessary, "|f ^ 'shau tsung*. Shau 
tsung. 



ACC 



(12) 



ACC 



Accessible!, as a place, oj" ^Ij 'ho t6'. K'o tdu ; ap- 
proachable, ^ ^^iSi'ho'i tsau' kan\ K'o I 
tsiti kin ; aflfable, ^ j^ ^fdn jWO. Kwin ho, ^ 
g ,wan jl6ung. Wan li&ng ; benign, ^ jpp ,wan 
,wo. Wan ho. 

Accession, increase, jfjfl JQ" ^k& ,tsang. Kid tsang ; 
accession to a treaty, ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ,ts'Im jWO 
y6uk, ,ch6ung 5ch'ing. Ts'ien ho yoh chdng ch'ing; 
accession to the crown, ^ ^ (tang wai'. Tang 
^ei, ^ '^ tslp, wai*. Tsieh wei, ^ ^ tShing 
wai^ Shing wei ; accession to a title, J| ^ tsdp^ 
ts^uk,. Sill tsioh ; accession of a son to a family, 
^'Y ,t'f m ,ting. T'ien ting ; summer's accession, 
g |g hd^ chl*. Hid cM ; accession of bodily dis- 
tempers, 1^ ^ fdt, peng*. Pdh ping. 

Accessorily, f^ ^ *ngau ,in. Ngau jen. 

Accidence, the first rudiments of grammar, "^ ^ 
^]J ^ ^man fat, ,ch'o hok,. Wan fdh tsu hioh. 

Accident, casualty, fp^ ^ ^ ^ *ngau jIn ,chl sz*. 
Ngau jen chl sz, ^ ^ ^^ ^ shik, jIn ^chl 8z^ 
Shih jen chl sz, J^. ^^ ^ ^ V ngoi- ,chl sz*. I 
wei clil sz ; the property [natural state] of a thing, 
fSf chat,. Chih, f^ tak,. Teh. 

Accidental, casual, -f^ ffJ^ *ngau jin. Ngau jen, ^ 
MBrlnm pat, ,k'i ,ln ,1 ,in. Puh k'i jen rh jen ; 
unforeseen, yf^ifllJ^»J pat, tsak, tik,. Puli tseh tih, 
mm^ shik, ,In tik,. Shih jen tih, 1 ^|v j^ i' 
ngoi' tik,. 1 wei till, :^ J^ ^Ij j^^ *s6ung pat, t6' 
tik,. Sikng puh tdu tih. 

Accidentally, -f^^ 'ngaUjin. Ngau jen, ^^ shik, 
jln. Shih jen ; to meet accidentally, ^i^^^ 
jP'ing 'shui ^s6ung jfimg. P'ing shwui sidng fung. 



*ngau ii*. 



Ngau yu, ^ 



^^ 



sPing 



^tsung ch&,* h5pj. P'ing tsung ch^ hoh; to see 

accidentally, ^^ kau' kin'. Kau kien, ^|^ ii" 

kau*. Yu kau. 
Accidentalness, f^ ^ ^ *ngau jIn 'ch6. Ngau jen 

ch6. 
Accipient, ^ ^ shau- 'ch6. Shau ch6, -fg ^ :^ 

'ling shau* 'ch6. Ling shau ch6. 
Accismus, '^ ^ ^ "^ :^ jy<^ung jWai pat, 'hang 

'ch6. Y4ng wei puh kang ch(5, t^ ^ ^^ J^ chi* 

jWai pat, 'chun. did wei puli chun. 
Acclaim, to, p^ ^ hot, 'ts'oi. Hoh ts'ii ; general 

applause, |i f^ P^ ^ jts'ai ,shing hot, 'ts'oi. Ts'i 

shing hoh ts'^i. 
Acclamation, general applause, ^ ^ B^ ?^ its'ai 

^sliing hot, 'ts'oi. Ts'i shing hoh ts'di ; great re- 
joicing cries, M^ $ ^ M ^^ .^hing tsoi' t6*. 

Hwfin shing ts4i tdu, /{C^ "X, ^ ,7^1 'hi tii' 

^shing. Yin hi t4 shing. 
Acckmatory, ^^^ hot, 'ts'oi tik. Hoh ts4i till, 

m^i^ ,fun ,fu tik. 
Acclimated, Wi^-^L f"k. 's^^i 't'6. Puh shwui t'A. 
Acclimatize, to, ^ ;|c i ^^x '"^^^ ^'^' ^^ shwui 

Vti. 
Acclive, to, to mount, t UJ 'shdung ^shin. ShSng 

shin, ^li| ,tang shin. Tang shdn, jgjf ,tsai. Tsl. 
Acclivity, f J- ^ ts'(i' ,po. Si<S po, %^^\ Z^ S^ 



t8'6' ,chl shai'. K'I 8i6 cM slil, ^-[i^ZW" ^'^' 
,po ,chl shai'. 8i^ po chl shl, llj ^ ^jj ^ ,shia 
shai' ,k'I ts'6'. Shin sM k'l si6. 

Acclivous, rising with a slope, _t.^^ 'shdung ts'^* 
tik,. Shing si6 tih. 

Accloy, to, to fill up, %^M1^ ,ch'ung tsuk, chl* 
Im*. Ch'ung tsuh chl yen. 

Accoil, to, see Coil. 

Accolade, fgS^ 'p'5 'keng. P'iu king. 

Accolent, ^||% ,lun '11 'ch6.. Lin 11 chd. 

Accommodable, 5f<P )|p |^ ,wo shun* tik,. Ho shun 
tih ; suitable, pf f^j^'ho yung* tik,. 'K'o yung 
tih ; accommodable to all this variety, ^ ^ ^ 
13 ^ kok, y^img* 'ho yung* tik,. Koh ydng k'o 
yung tih. 

Accommodableness, fitness, ^M^ '^o W^S' 'ch6. 
K'o yung ch6. 

Accommodate, to, ^ J|, ,kii 'ch'6. Ku ts'i^, m 
t'eng*. T'ing, fi ;^ yam* ,ts'img, Jin ts'ung ; to 
suit other's convenience, fi^ A^ J'^ jts'img 
janl'. Jin ts'ung jin 1, ^^f^Ui^ tslk, 'kUn 
t'eng* 'k'3 ts5*; to accommodate one's self to 
other's wishes, ^j5/f ^ ,ts'ui *sho oi*. Sui so ngii ; 
to accommodate one's self to unavoidable circum- 
stances, ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ts'img jk'un ,ts'ui shai*. 
Ts'ung k'iuen sui shl ; to accommodate difGer- 
ences, ^$fi\ hfln' jWO. k'iuen ho, ^,§, hfln' sik . 
k'iuen sih, ^^ hon' 'kii. k'iuen k'iii, ^^ sit, 
^hoi. Sih k'ii ; to accommodate with necessarie§, 
"^BW^ J^^S ying' ,sa yung*. Kung ying su 
yimg ; to accommodate with money, ^^j^^ 
ts^* jngan ying' yung*. Tsi6 yin ying yung ; to ac- 
commodate in walking, (3^ ^ 'shim pi*, ^^ ^sau 
jlau. Siu liu ; to accommodate by collusion, jj/Q 
MM .K <s6ung ,sun ,il jan. Siing siiin yii jin. 

Accommodate, ^ J^ h6pj ynng*. Hoh yung, ^ 
ch6uk,. Choh ; suitable, ^ ^ hhp^ V. Hoh 1. 

Accommodateness, fitness, ^ ^ h6pj sliik,. Hoh 
shih, a^Z^ y^"^* jts'img ,chl sz*. Jin ts'ung 
chl sz. 

Accommodating, adapting, ^ ^ Jfli §|f ,ts'ui ^kl 
ying' pin'. Sui kl ying picn, ^ ^ ^ fH ^^' 
'king ^shang jts'ing. Kien king sang t«'iug; pli- 
able, ^jj^ 'iin *win. Yuen win, ^$^ 'un 'chiin. 
Yuen chim, 35'||^ chiin 'win. Chiin win ; com- 
plying with established usages, H^ ^ ^sdung jiin. 
Siing yuen; providing with necessaries, §g ^ 
't'ai t'lp,. T'l tieh ; yielding to, )|^ J^ ^tsdimg 
tsau . Tsiing tsid ; obliging others, Ht §( -t& A 
,hlm y(5ung* ^t'ui ,yan. Hicn jing t'ui jin ; not 
accommodating, disobliging, 'ijil^Z\. ^u 'pin 
,chl ,yan. Kti pin chl jin. 

Accommodation, suiting other's convenience, ^ ^ 
yam* ^ts'ung. Jin ts'ung; adjustment of differ- 
ences, ^ ^ p{in* H'o. Pdn t'o ; provision of ne- 
cessaries, -^ M ^ ^ la <8a yung* ,chl ^kung 
k'ap,. Sa yung clil kung kih ; comfortable quar- 
ters, R| ;A: H ^ ;^ Jg flit, tii* ,w{i 'ml ,chi ^kfl. 
Kw'oh ti hAA i mi chi kfl. 



ACC 



Accommodator, adjuster, ^ ^ ^ \ p^n- *1I ^clii 
jjan. Pin li cM jin ; mediator, ^ ^ ^wo ^fau. 
Ho t'au, 4''^ ^chung ^p6. Chung pau. 

Accompanable, sociable, j^ -^ ^ 'hd ^^s^ung *fl. 
Hiu siing yd. 

Accompanied, (by), |qj:^ s^'ung ,mdi. T'ung m5,i. 

Accompanier, •^ pdn". Pwdn, ^ ^ ^seung pun". 
Si&ng pwan; an associate, ^ ^ sP'^^^S 'j^^- 
P'ang yd ; a fellow musician, f^ ^ ^ling jan. 
Ling jin. 

Accompany, to, to join in walking, |5^ ^ ^p'di 
jhang. P'ei hang, |^ ^ jt'ung jhang. T'ung hang ; 
to accompany as an attendant, ^ (^ ^kan ^ts'iii. 
Kan sui, p^ ^ iV'^ ^ts'ung. P'ei ts'ung ; to ac- 
company a friend, ^ ^ ^ sung' ,p'ang ^yau. 
Sung p'ang yd ; to accompany a visitor, ^ ^ 
sung' hdkj. Sung k'eh, |^ ^ ^ ^p'di jan hcik,. 
P'ei pin k'eh ; to see out, as a stranger, ^ [jj 
sung' ch'ut,. Sung ch'uh ; to run or walk with, 
(Court and Hakka) j^j^j t'ung 'tsau. T'ung tsau; 
to be a companion, ij^ -fl^ ^seung pun\ Sid.ng 
pwin, Pp -f^ jp'di pdn\ P'ei pwdn ; to associate 
with, f^ III jp'di 'ngau. P'ei ngau ; to attend a 
funeral, ^^ sung' ^song. Sung sdng ; to accom- 
pany (inclose) as a document, pjjif tu\ Pd. 

Accompanying, joining in walking, po ^ jp'ui jhang. 
P'ei hang, |^ ff ^fung ^hang. T'ung hang. 

Accomplice, an, principal iu a plot, i^'^^ ^ch'^img 
'shau 'ch6. Cli'dng shau cli6 ; the chief in a crime, 
fl^^ tsui^ ^fiii 'ch6. Tsui kwei cli6 ; the leader 
of a plot, H "^ ^fi 'shau, Fl shau ; the leader of 
a plot of rebels, ^ '^ yikj 'shau. Nib shau, |^ 
^ jk'ii /di. K'ii kwei ; accomplice and accessories, 
"lir ^ ^ 'shau tsun^ 'ch6. Shau tsung che ; an 
associate in a plot, |^ ^ :^ s^'ung ^mau 'ch6. 
T'ung mau ch6, ^ 'fo 'tong. Ho t4ng ; an 
associate in a crime, 1^1:^2, <t'ung f&n\ T'ung fan; 
the executor of a plot, )^^^ jShing ^mau 'che. 
Ching mau che, ^ |^ ^ sui" ^mau ch6. Svu mau 
ch6. 

Accomplish, to, to finish, -^ ^ tsb' .tin. Tso yuan ; 
to complete, fj/^ j^ .sliing tsau" ; to accomplish a 



(13) ACC 

ts'ing ts'u; elegant, |^j^ 'mi lai". Mei If, jj| ^ 
'ngd clii'. Ya chi; skiUed, ^H 'ban 'nga. Hien 
ya ; an accomplished scholar, f ^ ^ ^t pok, hok^ 
sz^ Poh hioh sz, ^ in'. Yen, W, 



design, 



sui- i-. Sui I, ^ 



r ,shing i", 



Chin 



i ; to accomplish a prophecy, ||| ^. ^ W J^^ 



Im* ir ,ln. Yin 



b yen yu yen, J5<; „^. ^shing Im' 



Ching yen ; to accomplish an undertaking, ^^ 
.shing ^kung. Ching kung, ^ i: ^sbing l^p,. 
Ching Ikh ; to accomplish a plan, )j^^ ^shing kai'. 
Ching kl ; able to accompHsh, )^ ^^ jSliing tak,. 
Ching teh, ^ g^ ,in ,nang. Hien nang ; to ac- 
complish a work, ^ X fi^ ^kung. Yuen kung, 
^ X tsun' jkung. 

Accomplishable, ?f J^ ^^ 'ho ^shing tik,. K'o ching 
tih ; that which can be fulfilled, pf iS H &»J '^o 
ying' im^ tik,. K'o ying yen tih. 

Accomplished, completed, ^ j^ ^ts'ai pf. Ts'i pi, 
^^ jts'ai jts'iin. Ts'i ts'iuen, f^^ tsok, ^shing. 
Tsoh ching, ^ ^ tso- ^iin. Tso yuen, -^ g| tso- 



katj szl 



M 



± 'oi 'oi 



. Ng^i Ngdi kih sz ; accomplished virtue^ 
M Wi ^^^^ tak,. Shing teh, ^ ^ .man tak,. 
"Wan tell ; an accomplished (virtuous) female, ^ 
^ shukj 'nil. Shuh nii ; an accomplished person, 
^ ^^ jts'oi hok, 'che. Ts'ai hioh ch6, — |t 
— ^ yat, ^ts'oi yat, ngai^ Yih ts'ai yih i ; a cle- 
ver hand, ^-^^Plt A '^^ 'shau shai' kd' jan. 

Accomplishment, the fulfilment of a duty, ^^ jiin 
^kung. Yuen kung ; accompHslunents, tSp^^'^ 
'pan hok> ,kim ,yau. Pin hioh kien yd. 

Accompt, ^ g cheung' mukj. Ch^ng midi, ^ g 
sho' mukj. Su muh. 

Accomptant, ^-^ siin' 'shau. SwSn shau. 



Accord, harmony in music, 



\\ii shinff. Hid,i 



shing, ^ ^ jam ^wo. Yin ho, |^ ^ ch'^uog' 
jWO. Ch'^ng ho ; harmony in sentiments, ^ ^ 
jWO mukj. Ho mull, ^$J ^wo 'hb. Ho hdu, jlp')^ 
shun- jts'ing. Shun ts'ing, j^ ^ ^seung 'ho. Si- 
^n^ hdu ; with one accord, — • ii^ yat ^sam. Yih 
sin ; of one's own accord, 2JS yl^"* ^ ^tj P^n (Sam 
fdt, ch'ut,. Pun sin fab ch'uh, g^rfij!±i tsz' s^n 
ji ch'ut,. Tsz jen rh ch'uli ; agreement, ^[^[ hop^ 



^t'ung. 



Holi t'ung. 



tsau^ Tso tsiu, 



^ tso- 



cts'ing 



'ch'o. Tso 



Accord, to, to agree, j^ ^ ^s6ung hbp^. Si&ng boh, 
'^hopj. Holi,:;jig^^seung'h6. Sianghdu; to ac- 
cord with our feelings, t^pj"^ ^t'au^ki. T'au kf,||;g 
.ngam, ^ff ^ngam kai', ^H ^kam ,lan ; to ac- 
cord with reason, ^ 3^ bop^ 'li. Hob li, j|g g| 
shun- 'M. Shun M, -^ ^ 't'ai to^ T'i tau ; to ac- 
cord -with others' feelings, |^ A ^ jts'ui ,yan i'. 
Sui jin i,^KM s^^, syaJi i'.'^Siiib jin i, )|| 
A'iW s^'^i^' jan ^ts'ing. Shun jin ts'ing, filA A 
'1^ 't'ai t'ip, jan ^ts'ing. T'i t'ieh jin ts'ing, fg 
f^ ^sun .ts'ing. Siun ts'ing ; to accord with the 
ancients, ^ -^ ^ts'ung 'ku. Ts'ung ku, ))^ -^ ni' 
'ku. Ni kii ; to accord, as in music, § ^ ^yam 
jWO. Yin ho ; to accord willingly, ^^ ^ ^ts'ung. 
"l ts'ung, 'I* ^ jts'ing iin'. Ts'ing yuen ; Jp ^ 
iin' jts'ung. Yuen ts'ung ; to accord praise, ^^ 
tsung^ tsan'. Tsung tsan. 

Accordance, agreement with a person, i^ tJ^P ^seung 
jWO. Siang ho ; in accordance with reason, >^ ^ 
bbp, -'li ; conformity, yjg '^ ^seung tdi'. Sidng tdi ; 
in conformity with, fIS chiu'. Cbiiu. 

Accordant, corresponding, iH^'^j^xf ^seung bop^ tik^ 
Sidng hob tih ; agreeable, B8^ chid'. Chau, 
hopj. Hob. 

Accorder, ^ ^ ^ ^V^^o ^^^' '^^^- ^'<^^S ^^d che ; 
4 't'ai t'lp, 'che. T'i t'ieh che 



^ 



According, agreeing, -^ bop^. Hob ; agreeable to, 
^ i^ cP'ang ,i- P'ang i ; according to, H^ chid'. 
Chau, ^ ^i. t, ^ on'. Ngdn, iiff ^n. Yd ; accord- 

chid"ni'sho 



ing to what you say, BSf^ ^jff 
'kons. Chau ni so kong, •^ = 



= ,i ,in. I 



cording to evidence, ^ 



i on' 



yen ; ac- 



jP'ang kii'. 



ACC 



(147 



ACC 



Ng^n. p'ang kii ; accordins^ to established laws, 
^ ^ ^ on' lutj fat,. Ngc'm liuh f ah ; according 
to custom, i^^^ ^I kw'ai 'kii. I kw'ei kii ; ac- 



cording to former usage, "iJ) -^ ^ ^ jin^ kau' 
^kw'ai kii'. Ying kau kw'ei kii ; according to re- 
gulations, )}^.^J chill' lai\ Chdu II ; according to 
reason, ^ 9^ ,i to*, 1 tiu ; according to one's 
wishes, ^p,^ jii iin*. Yd yuen, :^ni|P jii 1'. Yii 1 ; 
according to order, ^p -^ ^ii ling*. Yu ling ; ac- 
cording to the emperor's commands, -f^ ^ "^ ,i 
jWong meng*. t hw4ng ming ; according to your 
commands, f^ -ap :^ |^ jWai meng* shi' t'eng'. 
Wei ming shi t'ing ; according to what has been 
said, ^ 1^ kii' shiit,. Kii shwoh ; according to 
the light of reason, ^ »^ sut, sing'. Suh sing ; 
according as, ^p ^ ^ii y6ukj. Yd yoh ; to go ac 



cording to the times, -^ Q^ 
I shi rh hanir. 



n s .«M 



1 jhang. 



Accordingly, :^ j^^ 'iin ^In. Yuen jen, i^^ ,i jIn. 
I jen ; agreeably, j|^ sui\ Sui, |p tsik,. Tsiii ; the 
visitor accordingly returns, ^ IP |e] -^ li^>^k, tsik, 
,di hii'. K'eh tsih Imui k'fl. « 

Accost, to, to address one first, "^ Hj" A ^ c^^^ ^^^' 
jan wd\ 3fcii)" Aift c^^^ ^^^^ J^^ shiit,. Sien tdi 
j in shwoh, H^^hoijln. K'diyen; to accost one 
in a familiar style, ^ {^ ^ "^ sbin* tsz* ^hoi jin. 
Shen tsz k'ii yen, ^ ^ i^^fjf shin* tsz* 'kong 
shiit, w4*. 

Accostable, ^-0^ 'h6 hip,. Hiu kiih ; sociable, jtf 
^ IS ^ ^ 'h5 ^kdu ^p'ang *yau tik,. Hiu kiiu 
p'ang yd tih, ^ ^ ^wan ^wo. Wan ho, jt]p ;|i0 |!^ 
'h6 ^s6ung 'a, Hiu sidng yd. 

Accoucheur, * ^ ^ ^ ^ tsip, ^shang ^1 ^shang. 
Tsieh sang I sang. 

Accouchement, ^ -^ ^shang *tsz. Sang tsz, ^ ^ 
,fan *min. Fan mien, g§^ jlam *min. Lin mien, 
f^ ^ jlam jp'tiri. Lin pw'6.n, 4^ ^ tso* yuk,. 
Tso juh, ^ f- 'ch'dn 'tsz. Ch'dn tsz. 

Account, ^ g ch6ung' mukj. Ch&ng muh, ^ g 
ch^img' mukj. Chdng muh, ^ g shb' mukj. Su 
muh; a narrative (journal), pB yatj ki'. Jih 
ki, 0^ yat, luk,. Jih luh, |ft shut,. Shwoh, ]^ 
^ ,iin ,yau. Yuen yu ; to enter an account, ^ 
^ >ng p6*. Tang pii, fg >(^ |i ki' chii* 8h6\ 
Ki chii sd ; to open an account, \\^ ^. hoi p5'. 
K'di pu ; an account book, ^ ^ ch6ung' p5*. 
Chdng pu, ^ ^ sh6' p6*. Sii pii ; to settle an 
account, '^ Ji^ ^ts'ing 8h6'. Ts'ing sii, ^ f^ ^iin 
sh6'. Yuen su, ^ ^ ^iin ch6img'. Yuen ch6,ng, 
l!S(^% 'chjlu ^ts'ing 8h6'. Chku ts'ing su, ^ '^ 

* This office is in China only performed by women, who are 
called "1^ ^ ^ tslp, ,shan« tp'o. Talch sang p'o, ^ 3®f 
'wan tp'o. Wan p'o. Tho Chinese have bcsidt's a Pr J| ^ 
tp tii ilt, tp'o, i.e. a woman who attends on i)regn!i,ut women 
during the last month of their pregnancy ; a 'Q J^ ^ ^pftu Ht 
(P'o, i.e. a woman who attencis on the baby duiing the first 
month ; or a '^ ^ -^t ^ ,pi'iu vit, .sin ,shang, i.e. a physi- 
cian, who superintends the nursing of the baby during that 
period. 



kit, sh6'. Kieh sii ; to pay off the remaining debt 
of an account, tfe ^ J^ 'ch&u 8h6' *mi. Chku sti 
wl ; to make out an account (for payment), SE 
1^ siin' sh5'. Swkn sii, ^|^ siin' ch6ung', 8wka 
chfing, H H. ^hoi ^tdn. K'ki tkn ; to square an 
account, ff ]^ |^ g kai' ^ts'ing shd' muk^. KI 
ts'ing su muh, j|;^^g siin' ,ts'ing shd' muk,. 
Sw&n ts'ing su muh, fg 3^ ,ts'ing kat,. Ts'ing 
kih ; a record, |* chi'. Chi, ^ chun'. Chuen, ^ 
'ki. Ki, ^ lukj. Luh ; to turn to good account, 
f^fy% 'lio 'td siin". K&n iA swdn, iJtJ ^ ^ 'h6 
siin' tokj. H&u 8w&,n toh, j^ ^ PJfi\ 'h6 ,ma li*. 
Hdu mk ]i ; to give a written account, fg ^ ki* 
sz*. Ki sz ; to give a verbal account, |ft jj ^ ;^ 
^ shiit, kin' ^man ,chi sz'. Shwoh kien wan clii 
8Z. ^lll ift — i sai' shut, vat, pin'. Si shwoh yih 
pien ; I have no account of him, tIc B^ if^ ,§, mi* 
^man ^siu sik,. Wi wan sidu sih, ^ ^ -fof i^ ^ 
^ pat^ ^chi jho ch'u' cheuk, lok^. Puh clii ho 
ch'd^ choh loh ; a man of good account, ^ fS Bl 
;^ \ *yau 't'ai min' ^clii jan. Yu t'i mien chi 
jin,^ [lil^P^X'ya^ min* 'tsz kd' ,yan ; a man of 
no account, yJN \ 'sid ,yan. Sidu jin, ^'^<'^\, 
jP'ing jShdung kd' jan ; I make no account of it, 
^ jj #1* @ pat, tsuk, kwk' 'ch'i. Puh tsuh kwd 
ch'i, P§ J^ ^ s^n tsuk, 'kong ; I did it upon that 
account, l^^ltt^ffn;^;^ *ngowai*'t8'zsz',i^wai 
^chi. Wo wei ts'z sz rh wei clii, ^MM^^^^ 
"fg'ngo wai* ^ni ti* sz* chd' ts6* 'k'ii ; on account of, 
g^ jan. Yin, ^ wai*. Wei, |j|,un. Yuen; upon 
your account, U) j^ jan 'nl. Yin ni ; upon all 
account, '^ H$ jshdung ^slii. Chkng shi ; on no 
account, ^ !^ j{f tiin' pat, 'h6. Twkn puh hkn, 
Hi :?; ?f tiin' pat, 'ho. Twdn puh k'o, U 1^ '^ 
mdn* pat, 'ho. Wdn puh k'o ; balance account, 
1^ J^ sh6' 'mi. Su wi ; account of charges, ^f^ 
^. fai' yung* ^tdn. Fi yung tdn ; accovmt of in- 
surance, ^ I^ ^ 'p6 'him shb'. Pfiu hien sti ; 
account of sales, ^ 1^ ^ fdt, fo' ^tdn. F^i ho 
t&n ; account of settlement, ^ ||. , ts'ing ^tAn. 
Ts'ing tdn ; accounts agreed upon, ^ ^ "O^ H 
chfip, shatj kA' ^tdn. Chdh shih kid tJin ; to cast 
up one's account (to vomit), og 'au. Ngau. 

Account-book, |g ^ chdung' p5'. Ching pu, gjj ^ 
chip, p6*. Chfih pd. 

Account, to, to reckon, gf kai'. KI, |j^ siin'. SwSn, 
ft ^ kai' 8h6'. Ki su, tT |C *t* sto'- Ti swin, 
fj" % kai' siin'. Ki swin ; to deem, f^ 'kd. Kd, 
j^ kin'. Kien, ^f ^ ^ '^on' 'hi ,loi. K'4n k'l 
in ; to consider, ^ ^ 'i jWai. f wei ; I account 
(consider) him a good man, ^ #, @ ^ 'ngo 
*I .t'fi ,wai shin'. AVo i t'/v wei shen ; silver was 
not anything accounted of in the days of Solomun, 

mif^^za^^ Am\>^^1^ n 'sho ,io .mdn 

^clil jShi, jyan jx\b 'I ,ngan ^wai kwai'. So lo mim 
chi shI, jin wd I yin wei kwei; to hold in esteem, 
]^(='|^)Sit^'ichung*. Tun chung ; to account 
for, ift ^ IJI ^ shflt, ,k'f ,an jau. Shwoh k'l 
yuen yd ; he can account for every thing, {^ ^ 



ACC 



(15) 



ACC 



#^^ ,t'a 'kai tak, kok, sz". T'4 kiai teh koh sz. 

Accountability, 5^ man-. Wan ; his accountability, 
#. ^ ^R 59 ^t'i ^cM fukj man\ T'5 cM fuh wan. 

Accountable, to be subject to inquiry, ^ f^ k'it, 
man". K'ieh wan, ^ f§ shau" k'lt,. " Shau k'ieh ; 
you are accountable for every tiling, ^^'^j^ 
^ 5§ kok, SZ" jWai 'nl sM- man'. Koh sz wei ni 
shi wan ; accountable, to bear the consequences, 
^ '^ ^ f5^ ^kwSn hai" ^kwai *nl. Kw^n hi kwei 
iii ; to be accountable, ^^^^ shi" shau" man" 
tik,. Shi shau wan tih ; to be under control, ^ 
# If ^ 1^ tsoi- 'kun h&t, ^chi ha". Ts^i kwan 
hiah chi hid. 

Accountableness, ^ f^ ^ shau^ man^ 'ch^. Shau 
wan ch6. 

Accountant, j^^ 'chu p6\ Chd pd, ^ |§ 'ch^ung 
kwai". Chang kwei, '^^ sun' '^shau. Swan shau, 
1^ J^ ,ts'oi fd'. Ts'ai fd, pig ff nor kwaf. Nui 
kwei ; accountant's assistant, ^ !§ ^pong kwai\ 
Pang kwei. 

Accountantship, ^^m^'^clmpb'chik, fan'. Chu 
pd chih fan, ^^ZH jts'oi fu' ^chi yam'. Ts'ai 
fd chi jin. 

Accouple, to, to unite in pairs, (as birds &c.) i^ ^ 
'k&,n tdi'. Kien tdi ; to pair (as in aviaries,) SE^ 
p'ui'tui'. P'eitui. 

Accoutre, to, to put on accoutrement, ^ 3^ ^ 
cheuk, jxmg ^i. Choh jung I, ^ |^ ^ ch6uk, 
^kwan .chong. Choh kwan chwang, ^^^ ch^uk, 
^kw'ai kap,. Choh kw'ei ki&,h, ^ ;^|^ j'i kwa'. 
P'i kwS. 

Accoutrement, armor, ^ ^ ^kw'ai kdp,. Kw'ei 
kidh, ^ ^ ^kwan ^chong. Kwan chwdng, ^ ^ 
^kwan hi^. Kwan k'i ; ornaments, 5^^ 'fan shik,. 
Fan shih ; trappings, ,^^ *m^ 'y^"^»- ^^ J^^S- 

Accredit, to, 'fg §^ sun' t'ok,. Sin fob, f^i ^ ^ 'pi 
,p'ang ^slia. 

Accredited, ^ '(^ §£ kin' sun' t'ok,. Kien sin t'oh ; 
invested mth power, ^ @ ^»J ^jsiu ^k'fln tik^. 
Yd k'iuen tih ; to have influence, ^ ff jfi] ^^ 
*yau 't'ai min" tik,. Yd t'i mien tih. (see letters 
patent.) 

Accrescent, ^::^^»f ^shang tai" tik^. Sang t^ tih. 

Accretion, jj\\ ^ ^ka ^tsang. Elia tsang ; accumula- 
tion, H ^ 'lui tipj. Lui tieh. 

Accretive, jj\\ ^ ^^ kd, ^tsang tik,. Kia tsang tih, 
^#6^ tsik, -lui tik,. Tsih lui tih. 

Accrimination, accusation, -^ ko'. K^u ; reproach, 
^'f^ chak, chii". Tseh chu. 

Accroach, to, ^||| shin- ,k'un. Shen k'iuen. 

Accrue, to, to increase, ^ ^ ^kd, ^t'im. Kid t'ien, 
^ -Sa, (tsang yik,. Tsang yih ; what good will ac- 
crue from it, ^^^-^Sp. ^tseung ^avi ^ho yik, 
jd. Tsiang yu ho yih hd ; to arise from this, {jj 
■^ Itt cli'ut, ,d 'ts'z. Ch'uh hu ts'z, ^ [tl: j?q ?g 
jau 'ts'z ,i 'hi. Yu ts'z rh k'i, ^ jtb # Hj jau 
'ts'z f&t, ch'ut,. Yd ts'z fah ch'uh ; no advantage 
Tvill accrue from it to me, i^^j^^ ^mo yik, ^u 
*ngo. Wu yih yd wo. 



Accrument, jj^ ^ kd ^tsang. Kid tsang, jj^ ^ ^ki 
fim. Kid t'ien. ' 

Accubation, ^ J^ tso' tsik,. Tso sih, ^ ^ 1 tsikj. 
Kisih. 

Accumb, Jlf^ 'i tsik,. Ki sih, ij^f^t^-^'in tsik^ 
ji shik,. Yen sih rh shih, j^ f^ ^mai tsikj. Mai 
sih ; to rdfcline and sleep, |^ }L r?5 SV Y^^ '^ S 
ngo^ Yin ki rh ngo. 

Accumbent, reclining, ^^^ 'in ,in. Yen jen, ^U^ 
^&i shd'. 

Accumulate, to, to heap up, ^ }^ tsik, ^mdi. Tsih 
m^i, 1^^ ^ch'a ^mai. Ch'd mai, ^^ tsik, ch'uk,. 
Tsih ch'uh, i^^ ^ ^tui tsik,. Tdi tsih, ^ ^ tsik, 
tsii', ^ ^ 'lui ^tsang. Lui tsang, ^ ^ ^ch'tt 
tsik,. Ch'd tsih, ig ^ ^fiin tsik,. Tw'an tsih, Q 
^ jt'iin tsik,, ^ ^ jts'an tsik^. Tswdn tsih, ^ 
^ jCh'a ^sa. Ch'd sii, J^ ^ lui tsik,. Lui tsih ; 
to heap up in layers, ^ ^ ^ts'ang 'lui. Ts'ang 
lui ; to accvunulate as sand and forming a sand- 
bank, ^ ^ '(j? ^ tsik, jShing ^shci ^t'5n. Tsih 
ching shi t'dn, ij?^j^^ ^shi tsik, ^shing ^t'^n. 
Sh5 tsih ching t'5n ; to accumulate riches, ^ ^ 
tsik, (ts'oi. Tsihts'^i, ^^ tsik, jts'in. Tsihts'ien, 
It i :^ 3S 'ch'ii ^kam 'lui yuk,. Ch'fl kin lui 
yuli; to accumulate merits, ^f^:^^ tsik, tak, 
'lui ,kung. Tsih teh lui kung, ^^^^ fit, ut, 
^kung jl6. Fah yueh kung 15 u ; to accumulate 
deeds of charity, iP ^ P^ ^ 'kwong tsik, ,yam 
^kung. Kwing tsih yin kung. 

Accumulating, ^^ 'lui tsik,. Lui tsih. 

Accumulation, ^^ 'lui tsik,. Lui tsih, ^i^ tsik, 
jmM. Tsih m^i ; accumulation of secret acts of 

charity, ^iM.^M ^ ^^^> s^^^ J^^^ t^^^o- ^sih 
mdi yin kimg. 

Accumulative, ^ JH ^ tsik, ^mdi tik,. Tsih mdi 
tih, :^^|^^ 'lui tsik, tik,. Lui tsih tih. 

Accumulatively, to do things, ^i^t^^J'^ tsik, ^mai 
tik, ts6-. Tsih m^i till tso, ^i^^ 'lui ^mdi ts5\ 

Accumulator, ^ ^M ^ tsik, ^mdi 'chd. TsUi m4i 
che, ^-^^ ch'uk, tsik, 'che. Ch'uh tsili che. 

Accuracy, care, g^ '|^ 'kan shan'. Kin shin, /J> /(^ 
'sid ^sam. Siiu sin, ^ ^|g 'tsz sai'. Tsz si ; neat- 
ness, 4^ ^.|g yau' sai'. Yd si. 

Accurate, careful, ^ '|^ 'kan shan\ Kia shin, yj-* 
iV^^ 'sid ^sam. Sicbu sin, ^JH'Ci' sai' ^sam. Si sin, ^ 
i(^ yung' ^sam. Yung sin ; without fault, ^ ^ 
^mh ts'o'. Wu ts'o, ^^ ,m6 ^cli'd. Wd ch'd, ^ 
ch6uk,. Choh ; to agree with the pattern, ^ ^ 
hop, shik,. Hoh shih, "^ ^ ^ hbp^ fit, 'tsz. 
Hoh fah tsz ; neat, ^ ^Hl yau' sai'. Yd si, ^ ^ 
'tsz sai'. Tszsi; nice, T^^jtsingmat,. Tsingmih. 

Accurately, carefully, /)■» j\j> 'sid ^sam. Siiu sin ; 
nicely, ^ ^ yau' sai\ Yd si ; without fault, ^ 
ch^uk,. Choh, ^^ ^mb ts'o'. Wd ts'o ; to speak 
accurately, ^ ^% ^ 'kong tak, ^ts'eung sai'. 
Kong teh siang si ; to write accurately, ^ ^ ^ 
^ 's6 tak, jts'eung sik,. Sie teh siing sih. 

Accurateness, carefulness, g^ 'j^ 'kan slian'. Kien 
shin ; neatness, ^ ^ yau' sai'. Yu si. 



ACC 



(16) 



ACE 



Accursc, to, to imprecate, ^ gU cliau' cho'. Clmu 
tsu; to execrate, ^E ^ cliau' md'. Chau md; to 
doom to misery, ^ ^ "^ |il teng* shau' 'fu luin'. 
Ting shau k'u nkn; to accurse people, 5£ A 
chau' jyan. Cliau jin. 

Accursed, ^ % fuk, cliau'. Fuh chau, ^ % shau^ 
chau'. Shau chau ; an accursed man, \^ff ^^ to' 
lokj ^kai ; may you be accursed, ^^1 -f/JJ chit, to' 
*nl, Chih to nl ; abominable, pf % ^^ 'ho chau' 
tik,. K'o chau tih. 

Accusable, censurable, Pf ^ ^ ^ 'ho chdk^ jSlung 
tik,. K'o tseh ching tih, ^ ^ fe ;^ ^ *yau k6' 
chong' ^chl kd'. Yd kdu chwfi-ng chi kd. 

Accusant, }§^ ^ ^ jUn k6' 'ch6. Yuen kdu ch6, 
^^M hung' k6' 'ch6. K'ung kfiu chd. 

Accusation, indictment, -^ Jjjc k6' chong'. Kdu 
chwdng, i^^ tai' 'pan. Ti pin ; a written indict- 
ment, ^ -^ chong' 'tsz. Chw&,ng tsz ; the indict- 
ment (referring to the wording of it), |^ ^ 
tsung* jts'z. Sung ts'z, gD |^ ^ts'z tsung'. Ts'z 
sung, ^ ^ jCh'ing chong*. Ch'ing chwing; a 
false accusation, ^;^ ^iin 'wong. Yuen wdng, ^i 



t^ jn.6 nipj 

Accusative, accusative, the fourth or objective case, 
M iS: W M [^ ^ ckang 'koi_^,in tai' sz' fdt,. 
Kang kai yen tl sz fdh [tsz], ^ ^ !^ ^ (/^ J^ 
pin' jin fdt^ tai' sz' tso'. Pien yen fiili tl sz tso, 

M 5fe # ;S ^^[g 'finr ckang 'koi ,in ^chl tai' sz' 
lun'. Kang kai yon chi ti sz lun. 
Accusatively, a" iUc <i; ^ ko' chong' ^clil y^vrng*. 
Kdu chwdng chi y&-ng ; having reference to the 
, accusative case, ^ ^ # ^ ;^ ^ [/^ j^ 'clii 
pin' jIn fat, ^chi tai' sz' tso'. Chi pien yen fdh chi 

ti sz tso, ^ mn^wfiz ^m^ >u 

jkwdn fi. pin' jln fdt, ^cM tai' sz' lun'. Yu kw6ji 

yu pien yen fdh chi ti sz lim. 
Accusatoiy, -^ |jjc fKl ^^' chong' tik,. Kfiu chw^g 

tih, '^ -^ ^i^ ^pdu ko' chong'. Pdu kiiu chw&.ng. 
Accuse, to, to indict, ^ j^ hung' k6'. K'ung k6,u. 



Sih kwdn chi vdngr. 



Accustomance, -jg kwiin'. Kwdn, ^^ kwdn' ts&p,. 

Kwkn sih. 
Accustomarily, ^ ^ ,sh6img tsdp,. Chdng sih. 
Accustomarv, see custoraarv. 
Accustomed to, used to, f^ kwin'. Kwin, ^ ^ 

kwin' shukj. Kw^n shuh, ^ ^ tsip^ shuk,. Sih 



2t 



^ k6' chong*. Kdu chwfing ; to accuse falsely, 
ti 5^ nip, hung'. Nieh k'ung, ^ ;^ ^vin wong 
Yuen wdng, |Sg -^ ^mh ko'. Wd kiiu, ^ jf^ ni6' 
himg'. Mim k'ung, ^^ 'mong k6'. "Wdng kdu; 
to involve othei's by false charges, ^^ |i§ nip, 
hdm'. Nieh liien ; to charge a crime on one, ^^ 
IP nlpj jt'id tsui'. Nieh t'idu tsdi, ^|^ jmbhdni'. 
Wd hien, |^ ^ ,m5 nip,. Wd nieh. 

Accuser, plaintiff, j^ -^ ;^ jiin k6' 'ch6. Yuen kdu 
cU, tr '^ jf^^U 'tf^ kdn 'fd k6'; plaintiff and 
defendcnt, pj^ij^ '16ung ts5'. Lidng ts{iu; the de- 
fendant, ^ ^ pi' k6'. PI k{iu. 

Accustom, to, to habituate, ^ f^ tsdp, kwdn'. Sih 
kwdn, ^ ^1^ tsdp, shuk,. Sih shuh ; to practise, 
$ ^ hok/tsdp,. llioh sih, fj'l 1^ kw/m' lin'. 
Kwim lien ; to accustom others to, ^ -^ J^ ^ 
kdu' ling' sliukj tsdp,. Kiau ling shuh sih. 

Accustomablc, Pf ^ ^ '|Jh{ 'bo hok, tsdp, kwdn'. 
K'o llioh sih kwdn. 

Accustomably, ^ f^ ;^ ^^ tsdp, kwdn' ^chl ydung*. 



shuh ; accustomed to do, f^^^ kwdn' tsb'. Kwdn 
tso ; accustomed to practise, j]?| ^ kwdn' tsSp^ 
Kwdn sih, 0:^ 'nan tsdp,. Niu sih ; accustomed 
to frequent, ^ f^ hfl' kwdn'. K'a kwdn ; in the 
habit of, f|- ^ kwdn' ,king. Kwdn king; well 
versed in, |g|| 'om lin'. Ngdn lien ; thoroughly 
aecustomcd to, ^ f^ ^ ^ 'lb ,shing '6m lin*. 
Ldu ching ngdn lien, ^ g, j^ j^ hok^ 'i ^shun 
shuk,. Hioh 1 shun shuh ; to get accustomed to, 
#StHft hok, cM' kwdn' shuk,. Hioh chi kwdn 
shuli, -^Ml^ft ^ok^ chi' ^shun shuk,. Hioh chi 
shim shuh ; not accustomed [unused] to, pg- -j^ 
jn. kwdn'. Wd kwdn ; to do as people are accus- 
tomed to, ^f^-j^ ^ ^ ^ts'ung ^sh^ung kw'ai 'kfl. 
Ts'ung chdng kw'ei ku, ^ j^ -^ =^ tsdp, shuk, 
jSh6\mg ^kw'ai. Sili sliuh chdng kw'ei. 

Accustoming, ^-j^ hok, kwdn'. Hioh kwdn, ^ ^ 
^^^ kdu' ling* hok, kwdn'. Kidu ling hioh kwdn. 

Ace, m^^ii^^ 'chi ^p'di ^hung ^sam. Chi p'di 
himg sin ; a small quantity, ^ .lib. Hdu, J| ^11. 
LI, ^ M ; a very little, —^ij nU ^ yat, ,tl k6m' 
,to ; within an ace, ^ — ^ ^chdng yat, ^tl ; not 
an ace, — ^^M yat, jh6 ,t6 jm6. Yih hdu td 
wd, %iSL sh6 jnb. Hdu wd. 

Acephalous, ^^ ^mb ^t'au. Wd t'au, (i^^) 

Acerb, ^ ,sun. Swdn, ^ |^ 'fd ,sun. K'd swdn, 
^Idt,. Ldh; harsh, t^ i^ pok, toi'. Pohtdi; 
severe, ^ jIm. Yen. 

Acerbate, to, to make sour, ^ ^ 5f« k&u' ^siin mi'. 
Kidu swdn wl. 

Acerbity, a sourness "with bitterness and astringcn- 
cy, a rough taste, 'ggj^j^ kip, ml'. Kieh wl ; harsh- 
ness, ^ '1^ pok, jts'ing. Poh ts'ing, ^j ^ hdk, 
pok^. K'eli poh ; a harsh disposition, '^ '^ ||[U 
^ sing' jts'ing ht'ik^ pok,. Sing ts'ing k'eh poh ; 
capriciousncss, v^ J^ ^ '(^ ok, p'ik, ^chl jts'ing. 
Ngoh p'ih chi ts'ing. 

Acervato, to heap up, Ji^ || tdi tip,. Tdi tieh. 

Acervose, i>(t}^ <tdi tat^. Tdi tub, Htfhtl^ .tdi tatj 
tik,. Tdi tub till, iik^ ZW" M^ t«^ (CliI shai'. 

Acesccncy, ^1^ (Siin mi'. Swdn wl ; i^ p^ ^ 'au 
jSiin 'chd. Ngau swkn ch6. 

Acescent, turning sour, jgl f^ 'au sun. Ngau swdn, 
^ ^ aj), ,siiu ; things that have a tendency to 
turn sour, SW^<1 ^^' '^^^ cSiin ,chl mat^. 
I ngau swdn chi wuh. 

Acesta, ^ ^ i<^ :t, ^ ^ 'ho ,1 ,sam ,chl pcng* 
^mcng. K'o 1 sin chi ping ming. 

Acetabulum, ^^ flsi 'pi ,sliu. H shd. 

Acetic acid, il^^BBsy^"^? fi^ ts'^'« Yung swdn ts'fi. 

Acetificatiou, the making of vinegar, JJ (?) g| teng' 
ts'6'. 



ACE 



(17) 



ACQ 



Acetous, ^ .slin. S\\'S.n, |^fl|t .siin k^'. 

Acetum, |f ts'6\ Ts'd. 

Achat, deed of sale, ^ ^ k'af kiin'. K'i kiuen. 

Ache, '^ t'ung'. T'ung ; the heart aches, ii^ :^ J|§ 
^sam -yau t'ung'. Sin yd t'ung; tooth-ache, ^ ^ 
jUgi t'ung'. Yk t'ung. 

Ache, to feel pam, ^ ^ kok^ t'ung'. Kioh t'ung, 
^ i|g kin' t'ung'. Kien t'ung. 

Acliia, svigared l>amboo sprouts, ^ ^ i^ |S- matj 
tsin' chuk, 'sun. Mill tsien chuh siun, ^^ c^^^S 
^sun. Tung siun. 

Achievable, that may be performed, pf jjj(; 'ho ^shing. 
K'o clung, pT i^'# # 'lio '1 tso^ tak,. K'o i tso 
teh, ^1= Jt tak, ^shing. Teh cliing, -^ # ^ ^so' 
tak^ jShing. Tso teh ching. 

Acliieve, to, to cany on to a final close, j^ ^ ^shing 
jiin. Ching yuen, ^^ ^shing tsau". Ching tsid ; 
to achieve one's object, j^^'^ ^ tso- jiin 'shau 
^mi. Tso yuen shau vn, )^^ ,shing ^kvmg. Ching 
kung ; to achieve a victory, ^ ^ 'ti jyi"g. T4 
ying, ^^ Avok, shing'. Hwoh shing ; to acliieve 
and to lose, ^ $^ shing' ^sliii. Shing shd. 

Achieved, completed, -^ ^ tso^ ,un. Tso yuen, j^ 
^ tso^ jShing. Tso ching ; gained, ^ wok,. 
Hwoh ; to achieve a great victory, ^jk^ ^^k, 
tdi' shing'. Hwoh td shing ; he has achieved 
gi-eat things, ^J^i^^ ^t'i ^shing iii^ sz'. T'd 
cliing ti sz. 

Achievement, merit, ^ ,kung. Kung, ^^ ^kung 



jlo. ^Kung lAu, ^ 



,kung ^fan. 



Kung liiun. 



^ ^fan ,16. Hiun l^u ; completion, jj^ f ,shing 
"liu. Ching li^u ; achievement of great meritori- 
ous acts, ^ :^ ^ selling tii" ^kung. Ching tA 
kung, l^jtlif^ sl^a' lap, ^fan ^16. Shd lih hiun 
Idu, ^i[l.:K'^ kin' lap, tdi^ ,kung. Kien lih t5 
kung,|§ jt ^ ^kln'lap, jlotsik,. Kien lili Idu 
tsih. 

Achiever, one who accomplishes a purpose, ^^^ 
jShlng sz- 'die. Ching sz che, ^jt;^^^ :^ kin' 
lap, tai' kung 'che. Kien lih t^ kung che. 

Aching, to feel pain, %'^ kok.^ t'ung'. Kioh t'ung'; 
pain, '^ t'ung'. T'ung. 

Aclilys, B^^ "ngin ^mung. Yen mung. 

Achor, j% ^ jjiljl ;g ,u jing ^shan ^meng. Wd ying 
sliin ming. 

Achromatic [^^=f Mil] iS^fe M 'ts'oi sink,. 
Wd ts'^i sih, |»B ^ |1I£ i^ ^sliun shik, ,m6 ^h&. 
Shun sih wd hid, — j^ it ^M 7^^ V'^^^ ,kwong 
jDiing. Yih p'ien kwdng ming. 
• Acid, sour, ^ ^siin. Swdn. 

Acid, li ts'6'. Ts'd; acetic acid, «^ @g jung ts'6'. 
Yung ts'd ; citric acid, 'f^t^V'-|' niag .mung chap,. 
Ning mung' cliih ; crystalized do., ^t^t-j-^Ji* 
^ning ^mung chap, ^ping. Ning mung chili ping ; 
muriatic acid, ^@f ^im ts'6'. Yen ts'd, ^^^* 
jim jk'eung 'shui. Yen k'idng shwui ; nitric 
acid, ^ gt ^sid ts'6'. Siau ts'd, ^ ^ i^* ,sid 
jk'eung 'sliul. Sidu k'idng shwui ; tartaric acid, 



M ^ '& Sa ^ .P« .t'6' chap, ts'6' ^plng. P'd t'd 
chih ts'd ping, -^^tt'i^ cP'o st'6 chap, ^sfln. P'd 
t'd dull swliii. 

Acidity, pf^ ^sfin. Swdn, g^ ^ ^sdn mi^ Swl,n wl. 

Acidulate, to, to tinge with an acid, ^j^ kdu' ^sun. 
Kidu swcin. 

Acidulated, tinged with an acid, l}^ ^ ^^ ^ kau' 
i.ti ,siin mat,. KiAu tl swdn wuli. 

Acidulous, p^^xf (^^ ^^k,. Sav^u tih. 

AcknoAvledge, to, to own or confess, f^, yan' (coll : 
ying'). Jin, "^ 'shau. Shau, 'j^ fuk,. Fuh ; to ac- 
knoAvledge a crime, f^> || yinS' tsdi". Jin tsdi ; 
-^11 'shau tsdi\ Shau tsdi, 'fell fuk, tsdi-. Fuh 
tsdi ; to acknowledge a favor, f^^ ^^ tse' jan. 
Sie ngan, ^ ^^ \im jan. KcLn ngan ; to ac- 
knowledge an error, |g ^ ying^ ts'o'. Jin ts'o ; 
to acknowledge a letter, ^ [e] ^ 's6 jdi jam. 
Sie hwui yin, ^^'^ tdp^ S^t^S snn'. Tdh fung 
sin ; to acknowledge of one's own accord, Q |^, 
tsz" ying-. Tsz Jin. 

Acknowledger, fg ^ ying' 'che. Jin die. 

Acknowledging, f^. yiiig^ Jin, ^\ tse^ Si6, m It 
,ch'au tse-. Ch'au sie, ^ |^ tap, tse'. Tah sie. 

Acknowledgment, confession, f^, ying'. Jin, "^ 
'shau. Shau, fg^ p6' tdp,. Pd tah ; acknowledg- 
ment of a favor, ^ ^^ ts6' ,yan. Si6 ngan ; ac- 
knowledgment of a letter, fgj^jdi jam. HisTii yin. 

Acme, the top, the highest point, J^ 'ting. Ting; the 
extreme point, ^ kik^. kih ; acme of excellence, 
}Jt{ ^ ch'ut, jt'au. Ch'uh t'au; the height of 
danger (disease), ^ :^ peug' kik,. Ping kih. 

Acolotliist, ^ ;|f ^ tsan' 'lai 'che. Tsan li che. 

Aconite, ^ ( ? ) 'kan. kin. 

Acop, i:^ T0 tsoi- 'ting. Ts&i ting. 

Acorn, ^ ^ lik, shatj. Lih shUi ; acorn, the edible, 
^ ^ -f- shekj kap^ 'tsz. Shili kiah tsz ; of an- 
other kind, fiKitKl^ jShiin 'pan 'tsdi. Ch'uen pan 
tsdi, f^0if jts'dn ^chdi 'tsai. 

Acomed, i^ ^ ^ ^ 'pi lik, shat, -y^ung. PI lih 
sliih ydng. 

Acorus, calamus, or sweet flag, "^ ^ ^ch'eung ,p'6. 
Ch'dng p'd, :^!J II klm' \^n. Kien Idn, m^M 
jShdi klm' ^&n. Chui kien 15n. 

Acosmy, )^ shau'. Sau, J§§ J^ Jiii yeuk,. Hii job, 
M jJl jnd hut^. Wd hiueli. 

Acoustic, pertaining to the ears, ^ ^ shuk, "i. 
Shuh rli ; pertaining to the sense of hearing, ^ 
IS ^ ^ W sl^i^k^ ft'ing jman ^chi ^kdn. Shuli 
t'ing wan chl kwdn ; pertaining to the doctrine of 
sounds, ^ sB ?^ ^ ^ shuk, ^shing 'hdung ^chi 
'H. Shuh shing hieing chl 11. 
Acoustics, ^ ^ ;^ ^ ^shing 'heung ^chl "U. Shing 

liidng chl II. 
Acquaint, to, to inform, * f [^ p6'. Pd, ^ ko'. Kdu, 
^ wd'. Hwd, ^ ^t'ung. T'ung, )g tdt^. Tdh ; to 



Hobaon. 



* This and all the following verbs are in general followed by ,chi 

^, to kiiow, when used in the sense of to inform, to commu- 
nicate &c. The terminative or the personal object is always 

placed between the verb ^^ to communicate, and ^ to know. 



ACQ 



(18) 



ACQ 



acquaint him with it, ^ "fS ^ wd' 'k'ii ,chl ; to 
announce to one, $g #, ^ po ,t'4 ^cht. Pd t'4 
chl ; to state, to inform against, ^ ^ k6' 96'. 
Kiu sfi ; to explain, jgjr 'k'ai. K'l ; to apprise of, 
^^ ,t'ung ^clil. T'ung chl; to announce clearly, 
'o'S ko' pikj. KSu peh; to communicate, ^"(^ 
, t'ung jCh'iin. T'ung ch'uen. 
Acquaintance, intimacy between friends, f^ H^ ^ 
Mid ^86ung 'yau. Hdu sidng yfi, $5F;|{I^ ,'ho ^seung 
^kixi. lldu siSng kidu, ^ ;|i0 Sii 'h6 ^seung *a. 
Il4u sidng yd, i^ ^ ^s^ung shuk^. Siing shuh ; 
knowledge, ^^ kin' shik,. Kien sliih ; very ex- 
tensive knowledge, ^ ^ ^ ^mb pat, 'hid. Wd 
pull liidu ; limited knowledge, ^ |St "^ R^ ^^'^ 
shik, 'y^*^ ^^^"^^* Kien shili yd hien ; slight ac- 
quaintance with, %^, til yiJig* min'. Jin mien, /J\ 
^ 'sid shik,. Sil,u shili ; an acquaintance, a friend, 

M M. sP'^^g y^^^- I*'^^» y^ ; ^^^ ^^^^ whom we 
keep intercourse, ^^ ,kiu 'yau. Kidu yd; mer- 
cenary acquaintance, vf^j^l^^ 'tsau yuk^ sP'ang 
-yau. Tsid juh p'ang yd, vfel^^^^l^ 'tsau yuk> 
chl hing tai". Tsid juh cM hiung ti ; an old ac- 
quaintance, :^^ *lo 'yau. Ldu yd ; old acquain- 
tances, ||J|9^ kau' jp'ang 'yau. Kid p'ang yu; 
a very old acquaintance, ^ ■§ ^ ^ 'ho kau' 
jp'ang 'yau. Ildu kid p'ang yd; very intimate 
a<!quaintance, Mi^]^^ ,seung 'ho jp'ang 'yau. 

Sling hdu p'ang yd, MAMM ^^^^^^j ^^^^^> sP'^^» 
'yau. Shuh sliih p'ang yd ; a short acquaintance, 
-^ M ^ iSc tsim' mln^ ^s6ung shik,. Tsin mien 
sidng shih ; a thorough acquaintance, ^ ^ tsun" 



shukj. Tsin shuh ; a friend in need, i^ 
^sam fuk, sP'ang 'yau. 



Sin full p'ang yd ; an out- 
ward friend (formal acquaintance,) P |i|;(;|5M'hau 
^t'au ^seung 'ii. K'au t'au sil,ng yd, P 5^ -i^ ^ 
MiaUj t'au ^clii ^kdu, p jj^:ifl^'hau ^p'i ^s6ung toi^ 

Acquainted with, intimate with, H^ j^ js6ung 'yau. 
Sidng yd, j^ ^ ^sdung ,kdu. Siing ki^u, j^ ^ 
^seung 'a. Sidng yd, -)^ ^ ,scung hau'. Sidng 
liau; familiarly known, f^^ kwdn' shukj. Kwin 
shuh ; known to each other, ;i|i|3 ^ ^s6ung shik,. 
Sidng shih, i^^g s6ung ying". Siing jin ; slight- 
ly known, ^ %. ^ p'o ying' shik,. P'o jin sliih, 
^ mln^ shin*. Mien shen, ^ j^ mln' shukj. 
Mien shuh ; thoroughly versed in, |§ |^ '6m 
shik, ; thoroughly acquainted vdi\\ this doctrine, 
'^ ^ lit ^ c^^'^™ s^"k, 'ts'z ty. Shin shih ts'z 
i^M ; to make acquainted with, to introduce one 
to another, ^||^ 'yan shik,. Yin shih. 

Acquainting, infoi-ming, ^ ^ p6' ^clil. Pd clif . 

Acquest, gain, %\\ ^ 11' yik,. LI yih; conquest, f| 
fA Z. *dJ P^' t,-hlm' ^chl tl^ Pd Chen chl tl. 

Acquest, to obtain by purchase, ^ ^ jflj f ^ jau 
'tndi ^1 tak . Yd mdi rh teh ; to obtain by present, 
lUt 1^ ffij # Pt' sung' ,1 tak,. PI sung rh teh, ^ 
^ i^ ^ tak, tsz- sung' ,loi. Teh tsz sunir 14i. 



Acquiesce, to, to rest satisfied, j^ 1^ fong' ^sam. 
Fing sin, ^ i(^ pn ^sam. Ngdn sin ; to submit 
to, 1^ fuk,. Puh; to comply with, '^f^ ,1 jts'ung. 



I ts'ung, ^ :^ t'eng' ,ts'ung. T'ingts'ung; to 
yield, ^ y^ung*. Jdng, /fc^ 'wan yeung*. Yun 
jdng; to assent to, j^ 'wan. Yun, ^ ^ 'wan 
'chun. Yun chun, "p^ fCt <^ 'wan. I yun, g^ ^ 
'hii 'wan. Hii yim ; to agree to an arrangement, 
■fi^ ^ i hopj. I lioh ; to acquiesce cheerfully, f^ 
^ lit, jts'ung. Yueh'ts'ung; I acquiesce in your 
proposal, ^i^^U^% 'ngo 1 .t«'ung 'nl ke' 
t'» '(^ H rfn tr ^ '^ ^^ <hang. I I rh hang ; to give 
quiet assent, ^ f| ^fi fB .ming 't^i t'lp, 'k'ii. 

Acquiescence, a quiet assent, §§ g^ 't'ai t'lp . T'i 
t'ieh. If 1^ 't'ai leung*. T'I lidng; a silent sub- 
mission, ^^ t'eng' ^ts'ung. T'ing ts'img, j|p^ 
shun* .ts'ung. Shun ts'ung ; apparent content, ^ 
^:t^ ,clil tsuk, ^chl mdu^ CliI tsuh chl miu ; 
to assume the appearance of content, |^ "J^ ,hoi 
jWdi. K'ii hwdi. 

Acquiescent, disposed to submit, *|4 "III ^ ^ sing' 
jts'ing t'eng' jts'ung. Sing ts'ing t'ing ts'ung, 1^ 
'III M f^ «i"g' sts'ing shun* ^ts'ung. 

Acquiet, to, ^ X t^ c^'^ sy^" ,sam. Ngdn jin sin ; 
-^^;^;\j>ling' ^yan fong'^sam. Ling jin iSngsin. 

Acquirable, that can be obtained, Pf ^f= ^ ho tak 
tik,. K'o teh till, pT ^ &\J 'ho wok. tik,. K'o 
hwoh tih ; that which can be learnt, PJT ^ ^ 'ho 
hokj tik,. K'o hioh tih. 

Aquire, to, to obtain, ^ tak,. Teh, ^ wok,. Hwoh ; 
to acquire great fame, ^f:;^^i^ tak, tdi' .shing 
^meng. Teh td shing ming ; to acquii-e wealtli, |^ 
^ fit, ,ts'oi. Fdh ts'di, ^, g| chdn= ^ts'In. Chiu 
ts'ien ; to acquire a science, ^ :^ ^ hok, chl' 
wai". Hioh chl liwui ; to acquire additional know- 
ledge, Jim ^ ^ ^ clf^ <t'im kin' sliik . Kia t'ien 
kien shih. 

Acquired, % ^ tak, 't6. Teh tdu, || J wok, 'lid. 
Hwoh lidu, f^ J fit, 'lid. Fdh lidu, ^ J chin' 
'lid. Chin liiu ; he has acquire<l largo gains, ;Ac 
^ ff\^ tdi' 'yau 'slio wok,. Ti yd so hwoh ; to 
have acquiral people's confidence, -^ X '\j> tak, 
jan ^sam. Teh jin sin. 

Acquirement, attainment, 7J* 1^ ^ts'oi hok,. Ts'ii 
hioh; acquirements (in art), tJ" ^ jts'oi ngai'. 
Ts'ii 1 ; gain, ^Ij^ H* yik,. Ll yih. 

Acquirer, %^ tak, 'ch6. Teh ch«5, @^ wok 'che. 
Hwoh ch(^, ^.^ hok, 'chd. Hioh che, fj;^ fit, 
'ch6. Fib die, [j^ ^ chin' 'che. Chin che. 

Acquisition, ^^ tak . Toll, ||[ wok,. Hwoh ; great 
acquisitions, ^h.f')^^ ^'^i' sho wok,. Ti so hwoh; 
great attainments, /f* »^ ;Ac jts'oi liok, tii'. Ts'ii 
hioh ti, ^ fH ,to ^nang. To nang, ^j^ % ^ i^' 
'slio tak,. sham' tii'. So teh shin ti; gain, ^J 11'. 
Ll ; the student's assistant for the acquisition of 
a language, Jf^ ^ <^ ^ hok, wi' ^tsun Jeung. 
Hioh bwi tsin liing. 

Acquisitions, ^f |gl ify tak, 't6 tik,. Teh tiu tih, ^ 
jf (|(j wok, Mid tik,. Hwoh liiu'tih, ^^j^ hok, 
kwo' tik,. Hioh kwo tih. 

Acquisitive, ^f^i^ tak 't6 k«^'. Teh tiu k«5, f^% 
^^^ 'sho tak, chl sz' mat,. So teh clil sz wuh. 



ACQ 



(19) 



ACT 



Acquisitiveness, desire of possession, ^ ^ yuk, 
wok,. Yuh liwoli, ^f^ 'seung tak,. Si^ng teli. 

Acquit, to, to clear from a charge of crime, ^ ^J 
^f^ ,^^^g p'un' ^mo tsfii". Kung pw'dn wd tsdi, 
li ^ P 'Ui .cli'ii tsdi-. Ki^i ch'd tsdi; to set 
free, ^pi shik, fong'. Shih f^ng, ^^ 'kdi shik,. 
Kiai skill ; to absolve, ^ H she' tsdi". Shie tsdi, 
^ f^ shik, tsdi". Shih tsdi ; to acqmt of a debt, 
■^ ^ 'min chdi'. Mien chdi ; to acqmt of a pro- 
mise, ^ ^ tsin- jln. Tsien yen ; to acquit one's 
self from blame, fjf ^ ^ ^ s6' ^ming ^mo ^kd. 
Sd ming wd kd ; to acquit one's self towards a 
person, ^^ 'shau fan'. Shau fan, ^;^^ tsun' 
'pdn fan'. Tsin pdn fan. 

Acquittal, a peraon's judicial discharge from a crime, 
IPm A^ 'sham ch'ut, ^yan 1'. Shin ch'uh jin 1, 
^ ^ ^ p 'k^i jch'ii jan tsdi'. Kidi ch'u jin 
tsdi ; setting a peraon free, ^ Jj^ fdt, fong'. Fdh 
fdng. 

Acquittance, from a crime, ^^|p 'k^i jCh'u tsdi'. 
Kii.i ch'd tsdi ; ditto from a debt, a receipt in full, 
'^ H ^ts'ing ,tdn. Ts'ing t4n, ^^i\X^,un 
kit, ^shau ^tdn. Yuen kieh shau tan. 

Acquitting, setting free, |p j^ shik, fong'. Sliih 
f5ng ; pardoning, ^ ^ sh& 'min. Shie mien. 

Aci-acy, intemperance, ^ "^ 'j^ ^ ^ch'^ 'ch'l t'di' 
sham'. Ch'e ch'i t'di shin. 

Acre *, a Chinese land measure, p^X 'mau. Mau. 

Awid, pungent, ^ Idt,. Lah ; bitter, piquant, ^ 
^san. Sdn ; sharp, pungent taste, ^ ^ lat, ml'. 
lAh wl ; bitter and acrid, ^^ 'fd lat,. K'd Idh. 

Acridness, "^^ZW^^ l^t^cU tak,. K'd \ih chl teh. 

Aciidophagus, ^^^^^ sliik, ^wong ^ch'ung 'che. 
Shih hwang ch'uug che. 

Acrimonious, sour and pungent, j^^^^^^^I <^^^ 
.sau Idt, Idt, tik,. Swan sw^n lah lah tih : bitter 
and pungent, ^^^^ 'fd lat, tik, ; corrosive, ^ 
^^^ ,shang sau' tik,. Sang sid tih ; possessing 
the quality of dissolving bodies, ^ jf^ |§ ^ ^ 
*yau ^sid jung chi tdk,. Yd siau yung chi teh, 
^^^Z^ T^^ <sid Jung ,chi ,kung. Yd siau 
yung chi kung ; severe, j^ ^jj, j^^ ^Im lit, tik,. 
Yen lieh tih, 3|EJ^^^ ,kwdi p'ik, tik,. Kw^'i p'ih 
tih ; as pungent as ginger, ^pgptl'^ ^u ^keung 
kom' Mt,. Yd kidng kdn \i\i. 

Acrimoniously, with sharpness and bitterness, ^p^ 
^ R^ # .a 'ffi l^t, 'k6m yeung-'. Yd k'd lah kdn 

Acrimoniousness, ^^;^'|^ 'fd lit, ^chi sing'. 'K'd 
llh chi sing. 



• The Engl, acre is 160 square rods or 4,840 square yards. The 
Chinese mau is variously stated: Medhurst, following the 
Board of Revenue, gives the mau at 7,260 square feet, or ~ of 
an Engl, acre ; Williams (Vocabulary of the Canton Dialect) 
gives the mau at 73£-l- square yards or 6-Sr to an Engl. acre. 
In the " Commercial (iuide " p. 287 he gives the average of 6 
to 6.1 mau to an Engl, acre, which gives 13.216 inches Engl, 
measure to the Chinese chih (foot), As almost each province 
has its standard measure, a foreigner, in purchasing land, must 
either specify the measure to be used or he must be satisfied 
with the one adopted by the treaty powers. 



Acrimony, pungent, "^j^^Z^M.'^^ ^^^' c^^^ °^^' 
W. K'd Idh chl wl tdu, ^ A ;^ *(4 ,k6ung l£t, 
^clil sing'. Kiang lah chl sing; harshness, 
^J ^ hak, pok,. K'eh poh ; severity, j^ jj^ g| 
jlm kwo' jt'au. Yen kwo t'au ; petulancy, ^ f^ 
,lo ,so. Lo so ; j^f^ S&n 'so. Fin so, 3^ ^ 
^kwii p'ik,. Kwdi p'ih. 

Acritude, ^^.^^ c^^^ 1^*, ,chl ml'. Swin l&h 
chl wl. 

Acromatical, abstruse, ^ ^ 6' mid'. Ngau midu. 

Acrolith, :M%%^f^ ^^^K tseung'- 'ii shek, ,chi. 
Mull sidng vd shih chl. 

Acronic, B^^]^ZMy^^i ^^k, ,sing ch'ut ^chl 
^ch'ing. Jih loh sing ch'uh chl ch'ing. 

Acrospire, to, |^^ fit, jUgd, Fdh yd. 

Acrospire, ^ ^ngk. Ya. 

Acrospired, ^ jj^ ^ fdt, kwo' ^ngd. Fdh kwo yd, 
^ ^ Vu ,ngd. Yd yd, ^'^^ ch'ut, kwo' 
jUgd. Ch'uh kwo yd. 

Across, ^jwdng. HungjUj^hang. Hang,;j^;§jWang 
cheuk,. Hung choh ; to place accross, ^ ^ fong' 
jWdng. Fdng hung, ^^ 'td .wdng. Td hung ; to 
go across a road, ^ jj^ ^ <wdng kwo' lo'. Hung 
kwo Id ; to go across, :fj" ;|^ ^ 'td ^wdng ^hang. 
Td hung hang ; to go across (as over a river), ^ 
jIjIS iitj kwo'. Yueli kwo ; to go across the ocean, 
^^M.'M s^dng kwo' 'hoi. Hung kwo hdi ; a line 
across another, ^ ^ ^wdng wdk,. Hung hwdh ; 
to come across one, to annoy one, ^ng^pJ5JE| c^^'dng 
,pdng ^pdng. 

Acrostic, iiXA^Mp^UZM^'^ jau ,meng 
jWai ^shl jhong ^chl ^t'au tsz'. I jin ming wei shi 
hang chl t'au tsz, — • ^ yat, tdi'. Yih tui. 

Acrosticon, * — • ^ yat, tdi'. Yih tui. 

Acroters, small pedestals, ^ tso', Tso ; pedestals of 
pillars, yfc 'tmi, 1^ ^tan. Tun. 

Act, to, to exert power, -^ ts5'. Tso, f^ tsok,. Tsoh, 
^ Jiang. Hang, -^ ^wai. Wei, ^ tso'. Tsdu ; to 
move, 1^ tung^ Tung ; to behave, fj ^ (hang 
tWai. Hang Avei ; to act up to, ^ 'shau. Shau ; 



to represent, . 



M f^ 'SI jChong <m6 tsok, yeun^ 
Chwdng wd tsoh ydng, ^ ^ ^chong pdn'. 
Cliwdng pdn ; to labour, "^ X. ^ tso' ^kung ^fd. 
Tso kung fd, ^ ^ 1^ tso' sz' kon'. Tso sz kdn, 
f^X tsok, ,kung. Tsoh kimg; to manage, ^^ 
pdn' sz'. Pan sz ; to begin to act, ^"^ 'hi 'shau. 
K'l shau, ^ -^ Jioi 'shau. K'di 'shau, ^ ^ 'hi 
jt'au, PI X ,hoi ,kung. K'di kung, ~f ^ 'hd 
'shau. Hid shau, ^ ^ ^hoi 'shau. K'di shau, ^ 
■^ lok, 'shau. Loh shau ; to act well, ff !^ i^ 
jhang ^wai 'ho. Hang wei hdu, ^ ^^=j^ tso' tak, 
'ho. Tso teh hdu, ^^ i^^^^S shin'. Hang shen ; 
to act for, J\q ff toi' ^hang. Tdi hang, j^ ^ toi'- 
pdn'. Tdi pdn, ^ ^ toi= 11. Tdi 11, :^ fj shlp^ 



act up to one's duty, ^ 
Shau pun fan, ^ 2|S ^ 



hang. Sheh hang; to 
2\^ ^ 'shau 'pdn fan'. 



* Chinese names or signboai'ds consisting only of two characters, 
they often present a pair of scrolls, the uppermost characters 
of which (being the first of the Rhyme) form the nam.e of the 
person to whom the poem alludes. 



ACT 



(20) 



ACT 



tsun* 'pdn {■an^ Tsin pun fan ; to act up to one's 
promise, j^ ^ tsIn* jin. Tsien yen ; to act vaun- 

tingly, M M. .^^'^ cP'''" [^ ^" ^^ disorderly, j^ ^ 
fong* 8//. Fang sz, ^[■'ij lun* tl»ang, Lw^n hang; 
to act the part of a man, ^ X. ts6' jan. Tso jin, 
^\ jWai jan. Wei jin ; to act on the stage, '^ 
^ 'In hi'. Yen hi, "^ J^ 'In k'ik,. Yen k'ili ; to 
act the part of a puy)pet-player, j^ 90^^ ts6' 
'kwai 'tsai hi', #t^j^ ts5^ i&i' Mui. Tso kwei lui ; 
to act the huffoon, f^ jling. Ling ; to act the spy 
ft ^ i^ tso' t'ara' 'tsz. Tso t'dn tsz, ^ BR @ 
^ch'ung 'ngdn mukj. Ch'img yen muh ; to act 
according to circumstances, |^ t#S # s^Wng ^kl 
ui^ Chingkihwui, ^;^^'|§ kln^king ^shang 
jts'ing. ICien king sang ts'ing ; to act when a 
good chance offers, |^^ jShing shai*. Shing shi ; 
to act according to orders, ^ ^ ^ts'un ,liang. 
Siun hang, ^^ jts'un meng'. Siun ming, ^ff 
^tsun jhang. Tsun hang, ^ ^ .ts'ung meng^ 
Ts'ung ming ; to act the hypocrite, ^ j^ ^ ts6^ 
ngai' shin'. Tso wei shen, ^ ff J^ung jhang. 
Ydng hang ; to act cautiously, /\\ i(^ ^ ^ 'siu 
^sam jhang jWei. Siku sin hang wei ; to act one act 
in a pky, — ^^ yat, ch'ut, hi'. Yih ch'uh hi; 
to act against one's conscience, ^ ^ ]^ ^d^ P^ii' 
yik^ jl6vmg ,sam. Pei yih lidng sin. 
Act, an, ff ^ sliang jWai. Hang wei, f^ ^ tsok, 



jWai. Tsoli wei, 



,shl jWai. 



sz' jWai. 



Shi wei, ^ ^ 
Sz wei, J5^ tr 's^*" s^^ang. So hang, J^ 
^ 'slio jWai. So wei, )Etjf ^ 'sho tsb'. So tso ; in 
the act of leaving, ^^ ,ts6ung hu'. Tsiing k'ii; 
a wicked act, ^,tf ok, jhang. Ngoh hang ; a good 
act, ^ fj shin' jhang. Shen hang ; a daring act, 
[J^ ff 'him jhang, ^ fy 'kom ^liang. Kdn hang, 
^f^ 'kom tsok,. Kin tsoh ; an act of a play, — • 



|±|^ yat, ch'ut, hi'. Yih ch'uh hi, — ; 



yat, 



t'6'hl'. Yih t'd hi, — 2ji^ yat/p6n hi'. Yih pdn 
111 ; act of ohlivion, ;^^^ tdi' she'. TA shie ; judi- 
cial acts, ^|H,'sham sun'. Shin sin; acts, doings 
of a person, ^ ^ 'pan liang'. Pin hang; an act 
of legislature, — <^^J yat, ^t'ld lai'. Yih t'idu II, 
^^ teng' lai% Ting II; a degree, — -g Jt|^ yat, 
t6'sh6ung' ii', Yih tiu shdng yd, -^M.^^}'^^, 
t6' shing' 'chl. Yih tdu shing chl ; an act upon 
appeal, _t ;}^ shdung* hung'. Shing k'ung. 
Acted, done;, fj[ jj^ ts6' 'hi. Tso k'l ; concluded, as 

a play, ^ fc M ^'^'^^ S^^ '^^'- '^^^ J^^^ ''^• 
Acthig, totlo duty for another person, f^^ top 'II ; 

playing (on the stage,) ^ ^ ts6' hi'. Tso hi. 
Action, motion, |^ ^ tung' s^'ang. Tung hang ; 
agepcy, motive power, ^Wj^fi ^^^^^ tung' ,chl 
likj. Chi tuug clil lih ; the action of one hody 
upon another, lll/^^^JxMi^ "^^i <cW 'sho ^s^ung 
chl'. Wuh chl so sidng chl ; a deed, ^ j^ jhang 
jWai ; conduct, ^ ^7 'pan ,hang. Pin hang; ^ 
;^ jhang jWai. Hang Avei ; his conduct, ffeifl^Etf 
;g 'k'a ke' Jiang ,wai, ^ Z ^Jx U ^^ cCl^l 'sho 
jWai. Ti chl so wei ; to be in action, ffy ^ tung* 
jhang. Tung hang ; an action in war, ^ — ^ 'ii 



yat, jch'eung. Td \Th ch'dng, — (itl! tT ft vat, 
chan' 't& chdung'. Yih chin t& chdng, ^ — • J^ 
chin' yat, ,ch'6ung. Chen yih ch'ing ; a bloody 
action, ]^^^ hiit, chin'. Hiueh chen ; to brinj^ 
an action against one, ^ 1^ )f^ 'td ,kdn 'fd. li 
kw4n fd, ^ -^ liung' ko'. K'ung kdu ; an ac- 
tion in l)usiness, jj^l kd. Kd ; an action in a fa- 
ble, ^,g 'tsung mukj. Tsung muh. 

Actionable, P^^5|jcff^; 'ho ko' chong' tik,. K'o kiu 
chwdng till, ^^'JikZ^ 'yau W chong' ,chf 
kd'. Yd kdu chwdug chl kd. 

Actionary, one who has shai-es in a stock or com- 
pany, '^Wt^ Van kd 'ch6. Yd ku chi^. 

Active, agile, '|^^f;^)ji|lfdi"shaufdi' kduk,. Kw'ii 
shau kw'di kioh ; -^^0 'hh 'slunu keuk,. Hiu 
shau kioh ; ^ ^ HR -j^ 'shau kap, 'ngdn fdi'. 
Shau kill yen kw'di ; alert, ^ ^tseng. Tsing ; in- 
dustrious, ^ X jk'an kung. K'in kuni;, ^ ^ 
jk'an likj. K'in lih ; quick, ^ ^ kiit, kiit,. 
Kiueh kiueh, f;-^ kap, ts'It,. Kih ts'ih, -|^^ fii' 
tsit,. Kw'di tsieh, ^^ 'man tsit,. Min tsieli, ^ 
^ ,hing fdi'. K'ing kw'ai, -^j^ ,lau Jo. Ldu lo ; 
active (said of an old man), ^^ j^ fok, y^uk.. 
Kioh sholi ; fleet (as soldiers), ^^^] ,heng 'p'id. 
K'ing piiu ; smart, f^fjpj ,ling II'. 'LiAg II, f^^ 
jling pin'. Ling pien ; an active verb, ^ fg- ^ 
jhang dtj tsz'. Hang hwoh tsz ; active property, 
j/j^f^ 'pdn Ipj. Pdn hieh. 

Actively, in an active manner, ^ jk'an. K'in, ^ 
X. Z^ jk'an kung ^chi mdu'. K'in kung chi 
mdu ; to be actively engaged, |^ j^ ^k'an ts6'. 
K'in tso, Hd X jk'an ,kung. K'in kung ; in an 
active signification, i^^ffj^/Z^ ^^i ^^' M^^ 
r chl cli'ing. Hwoh tsz lians: i clil ch'iii". 

Activeness, ^ X. jk'an ,kung. ]i'in kung ; quick- 
ness of motion, ^ ^ "man tsIt,. MIn tsieh ; do, 
as soldiers, ^^ij ,heng 'p'iii. K'ing p'idu. 

Activity, the habit of diligent persuit, |^ ^ jk'an 
likj. K'in lih, ^t^j^X. ^chun sam ts6' kung. 
Chuen sin tso kung, ^ ^} ^ X jk'an likj ts6' 
,kung. K'in lih tso kung, j^ ^ flfX^/^ lok, lik, 
ts6' ,kung ,fu. Loh lih tso kung fu, ^ jCI* j^ ^ 
It. ,sam tso' sz'. Jeh sin tso sz ; quickness, ij^ -^ 
fdi' 'shau. kw'di shau, ^ ^ 'man tsIt,. Min 
tsieh ; I admire his activity, ^-3'iJ#<-^ Jg|;/j ,k'f 
I' ,t'd ,chl ^k'an lik,. K'l I t'd chi k'in lih ; feats 
of activity, (Jl; ^ch'ik^fdt,. Ch'ih fdh ; in full 
activity, in motion, ^ |^ Jiang timg'. Hang 
tung, ^ jhang. Hang. 

Actor, one who porfoi-ms a duty, ^ ^ jWai 'ch6. 
Wei che, ^j(^ |f, jhang ^wai 'chi^. Hang wei vh6 ; 
actors, on tlie stage, ^ \ ^vau ,van. Yu jin, ^^ 
^ jp'di ,yau. P'di yu, ^ ^ ht'^sz, % f^ .yau 
.ling. Yii ling, ^ 1^ iF j^ jH jfln 'tsz tai'. Lf 
yuen tsz tl, ^^^J^ pin' hi' tik,. Pin lil tih, jjjf 
^ ^{j tscV hi' tik,. Tso hi till, Vl\ f^ 1^ ch'6ung' 
hi' tik,. Ch'ing hi tih ; one who represents others 
on the stage, ^ X ts^ung* .j^an. Siang jin ; one 
who repi-eseuta the ancients, ^ ^ ij^ \ Hm 



ACT 



(21) 



ACU 



yeuk, 'ku jan. Yen joh kd jin ; a company of 
actoi«, —i^J^ yat, ^p&n lil'. Yih pan hi, 3^ :^ 
■^gg jk'ing ^f^ ui" ^kdn. K'iung hwa liwui kwdn; 
tlie aeioi-s are in genemlly called, ^ ^shang ; the 
principals, civil and military, ^ ^ 'mo ^shang. 
Wu san<i:, /J>^ 'siu "mo. Siiu wii ; the principal 
singer, J£ Se. cli^ing' shang. Cliing sang, ||| ^ 
""tsung ^skmg. Tsung sang ; secondary do., /\^ ^ 
'sin .sliang. Siiusang; the interpreter, ^ ^ to^ 
pakj. Tau peh; one who represents an old man, S: 
^I ^kung keuk,. Kung kioh ; the representative 
of a TOgue, ;^ ^ [fil tai' /4 min^ Ta hwd mien, 
^ )]tp mutj kenk^. Moh kioh ; the representative 
of ti virtuous person, Zl^jl} ^' S^ nun". Rh Inv^ 
mien ; fencers, y*^^ luk, fan. Luh fan, JlW-^ 
*ng ,kwan 'fii. Wd kwan fu ; the rascal, ^ ^ 
^nSm 'ch'au. Nan ch'au ; the female characters, 
who are represented hy hoys, are called, 0. ^tan. 
Tan; repi-esentatives of douhtful characters, ^0. 
fS tin. Hwd tin ; representatives of chaste char- 
actei-s, IF 0. cliing' ^tin. Ching tin; female war- 
riors, ^]'^ 0. 'ta 'mo ^tan. T4 wu tan ; represen- 
tatives of old women, ^)^1 ^p'o k6uk,. P'o kioh; 
tumhlci-s, ^ 0, tit, ^tan. Tieh tan ; a rascally 
character, ;^ ^ 'nil 'ch'au. Nii ch'au. 

Actress, _0. ^tan. Tin. 

Actual, real, ^ >9E 6\/ ^^^^^i ^soi" tik,. Shih tsii tih, 
^ "^ shatj 'shau. Shih shau, ^ ^ s^'ii^g shat,. 



Ching shih, 



k'ok, shatj. K'ioh shih, j^ | 



^chan shat,. Cliin shih, ^ ^ ^»f (tong ^chan tik,. 
Tang cliin tih ; in actual (milit.) service, ^ £c 
^tong jing. T&ng ping ; in actiial civil service. 



^ ^ 'g^ ,tong jHian ^kiui. Tfeng wan kwan ; the 
actual state of affairs, ^ ^ ^ ^ '|h ^ sz- shat^ 
tsoi* ^chi jts'ing jing. Sz shih tsdi chl ts'ing ying. 

Actuality, reality, M. W chan shat.. Cliin shili. 

Actually, rellay, ^ _^ 'kwo ^In. Ko jen, g ^ tsz* 
jln. Tszjen, ^^^^k'ok^jin. K'ioh jen, •'^:^ shat, 
tsoi . Shih tsai,'^<|?| tik, k'ok,. Tih k'ioh, [g f^ 
ku' jIn. Kii jen ; it really is so, ?^ ^ -j^ H^ k'ok, 
shat, hai- 'kom. K'ioh shih hi kan, i^ '^ tik, 
^tong. Tih tang, 5]g ^ -j^ k'ok, shat, hai'. K'ioh 
shih hi ; at present, 3^ ^ hi' t8oi^ Hien tsii. 

Actuary, a register or clerk, § ^ shii II'. Shu 11. 

Actuate, to, to impel, ^ ^f 'sz <hang. Sz hang, -^ 
^ ling" jhang. Ling hang ; to put into motion, 
W-^Wi '^^ <*'^'^ tung". Sz chl tung. 

Actuated, ^ chi'. CM ; actuated by avarice, ^ '|§ 
:^ffr$i sill' ^hin lun^ 'sho chi'. Shi k'ien lun so 
chi ; actuated by fear, actuated by pride and ava- 
rice, ^ H ^ jf(] {i{ jyau ckiu lun' ^i cli'ut,. Yu 
kiau lun rh ch'vih ; actuated by love for riches, 
^'it^H^ oi' s^s'oi c^ mcng". Ngai ts'ai jii ming; 
actuated by benevolence, T*;] S[ '^ ||fj :^ ^y^^ jan 
wai" oi' tung^ jk'I ^^sam. Yin hwui ngai tung k'i 
sin ; actuated by mercenary views, ^ ^1] ^ ^ 
kin' II* ^mong i". Kien II wang I ; actuated by 
virtuous sentiments, ^^ ii^^jx f^ jts'ung shln' 
,sam 'sho fat . 



Ts'ung shen sin so fah. 



Acuate, to, to sharpen, ^ t^iJ ^mo K^ Mo li. 

Acuition, sharpening, ^ ]^\\ jno li^ Mo li. 

Aculeate, pointed, ^'(lij ^tsim tik,. Tsien tih, ^f^ 
^^ 'yau lakj tik,. Yu leh tih. 

Acumen, a sharp point, ^ ^tslm. Tsien, ^ yui'. 
Ji^iij ^ i^ ,tslm yui*. Tsien jui; sagacity, ^ ^ 
^ts'ung ,ming. Ts'ung ming, :^ ^ chi' wai". Chi 
hwui, f^ ^] jling li'; sharpness (said of objects,) 
^ ^\\ jui' II'. Jui II, ^ ;j^)J ^tslm If. Tsien H ; 
sliarp at repartee, ^ p yui' "^hau. Jui k'au, %\\ 
P W 'hau. LI k'au, 5^)jP^pD If 'hau pin' ^ts'z. 
LI k'au pien ts'z. 

Acuminate, ^ ^tslm. Tsien ; having a long tapering 
point, ^ ^'^^ jCh'eang ^tslm tik,. Ch'ang tsien 
tih. 

Acumination, ^ yui'. Jui, ^ ^tsim. Tsien. 

Acupuncture, ^\ ^ ^ ^ ^cliam cliek^ ^chl fat,. 
Chin chill chi fah, ^ ;^jj ';^ ^ chek^ ts'z' ^chi 
fat,. Chih ts'z chi fah; tbe apphcation o£ the 
needle only, •^ ^ ^cliam fat,. Chin f^h ; cautery, 
'Pa ^ ^ lok, chek, fat,. Loh chih fah. 

Acute, shai-p pointed, ^ jar. Jui, ^^ ^tslm yui'. 
Tsien jui, ^ ,fung. Pung, ^ ^Ij ^fung If. Fung 
II ; opposed to blunt, -ijjl] li'. LI, ^ vjtlj ^tsim If. 
Tsien II ; shrewd, ^ J^ ^kwai 'hau. Kwai k'iau ; 
penetrating, ^ ^ ,t'ung tat^. T'ung tah, ^ ^ 
^ts'ung jining. Ts'ung ming, -^ ^ chi' \^'af . Chi 
hwui; ingenious, f^^J^ling If. Ling II; discern- 
"ig' ^, Wi ,ts'ung -man, Ts'ung min, ^^ ^ling 
^ming ; an acute angle, s^;^ yui^ kok,. Jui koh, 
/\\ ^ 'siu kok,. Siau koh ; acute angular, ^ ^ 
^^ yui' kok, tik,. Jui koh tih ; the acute accent, 
Mm^ it c^s'ing jam ^chl hh\ Ts'ing ym chi 
hau ; an acute disease ^ ^ itj peng'. Jeh ping ; 
acute pain, ^ f^ ^|J ^ peng' tak. If liof . Ping 
teh li hai, ^ f ^ ^ # t'ung' tak, ^kwdn hai'. 
T'ung teh kwdn hi, ^ % ^ ^ t'ung' tak, ^kku 
^kwan. T'ung teh kiau kwan ; an acute author, 
if (^ ± pok, hok, sz'. Poh liioh sz, vt i® ;^ ± 
^im pok, ^chl sz'. Yen poh chi sz. 

Acutely, ^ \\)\ ^tseng fining. Tsing ming ; to reason 
acutely, |^ jig ^ g^ lun' '11 ^tseng jming. Lun li 
tsing ming. 

Acuteness, sharpness of objects, ^ yuf . Jui ; ^^ 
^tsim yui'. Tsien jui, ^>j;|J yuf If. Jui 11 ; sharp- 
ness of reasoning or disputing, p ^ ^ ^)J 'hau 
kok, ,tslm ]f . K'au koh tsien H, = 1^ ^ ^1] > 
"'ix .tsim If, Yen yd tsien II ; acuteness of sight, 
'Mte c^^'i^S "^S^i^- Ts'ing yen, ^l]^ war 'ngin. 
nwui yen; acuteness of discovery, f^^^il^ 
■$|J ^chii sz' jto jUang ch'ong' chai'. Chii sz tu 
nang ch'wdng chi, %%^%% y(Sung' yeung' 
tso' tfik, cli'ut,. Ydng yang tso teh ch'uh ; acute- 
ness of understanding, |g^ ^ ^ts'ung jming. 
Ts'ung ming; shrewdness, t^ ;^ 'hau tslt^. Kiau 
tsieli ; penetration, ^ ^ ct'ung tat,. T'ung t^. 

Ad libitum, \^ % yam' I'. Jin I, ^p % .ii i'. Ju I', 
\± S^^f ^ 7'^"^' ^' 'sho ^wai. Jin I so wei, ^ % 
^ t'eng' jk'I pin'. T'ing k'l pien. 



ADA 



(22) 



ADD 



Ad valorem, jjS.gffg cliiu' shat^ kil'. Chau sliih kii. 

Adage, a common saying, j§. ^ tsukj 'ii. Tsuh yii, 
^^ ,sh6ung *u, Chkng yu ; a vulgar saying, fg 
^ Ul 'ii. LC yu ; an old saying, -^^ 'kii 'u. Kii 
yii ; a proverb, ^ ^ In' 'ii. Yen yii. 

Adagio, [to sing or play in] a slow measure, j^ lin*. 
llwin, {f mdn\ Mfin, MMliuW^ un' un' ,1 ^ko. 
Hwdn hw&n rli ko, 

Adam. * TSUiB. Atdn, ^ ^ Atong. Atdng ; Adam- 
tiler, ^ ^ ^wo ,k^; Wo kid. 

Adam's-apple, P^ ^ ^hau '1dm. Hau Idn, flQ P^ It^ 
jhau, Yeh hau. 

Adamant, ^ [||) ^ ,kam ^kong tsun'. Kin kdng 
tswan, ^^ijjg ,kam ,kong shekj. Kin king shih. 

Adamantean, i^ -^m ^ ^ ngdng' ,u yuk, shek^. 
Ngang ju yuh shih, ^P IS ^ Pfl" ?|| s^ yuk, shek, 
kom' ngdng. Ju yuli shih kan ngang. 

Adamantine, ^ ^ ;^ ^ tsun' shek^ ,chl mat^. 
Tswin shih chl wuh, ^ ^ ^ ^ -gSf ,yau tsiin' 
shek, 'sho tsbS 1^ ^ ^ ^ Pi^ hai' tsiin' shek, 
ts6* k6' ; mutual affections as strong that they 
cannot be broken, AZM^ita^^ Z^ 
jan ,chl ^ts'an oi' ^ii tsiin' shekj ,chl ,kln. Jin 
chi ts'in ngSi jii tswdn shih chf kien ; adaman- 
tine ties, '1^ ^ :^ :^ jts'ing ^t'ung ,kam shekj. 
Ts'ing t'lmg kin shih. 

Adamites, ^f^^ZW^ ch'ek, ,shan ,chl k4u'. Ch'ih 
shin chl kiiiu. 

Adapt, to, to fit, f^ ^ tsok, hbp,. Tsoh hoh, ^^ 
^ lung' ,t'd h6p,. Lung t'i hoh, j^^]^ tsb' to' 
h6pj. Tso tiu hoh. 

Adaptability, Pf 'o' M ^ '^o h6p, yung* 'ch^. K'o 
hoh yung ch6. 

Adaptable, pf ^ 'ho libp^. K'o hoh, Pf ^ ^ 'ho 
h6p, yung*. K'o hoh yung, ^-^^ 'ho hop, 'shai. 
K'o hoh shI. 

Adaptation, f^^ tsok, lu')p,. Tsoh hoh, ff -^jfl^ 
tsok, h6pj yung* 'che. Tsoh hoh yung die, Wf -^ 
^ 'ho hopj 'shai. K'o hoh shI, -A. jSjji jp h^p^ 
'she ,1. Hoh 80 1. 

Adapted, ^f^ h6p, j'ung'. Hoh yung,^'ggch^uk, 
'shai. Choh shl ; suited, ^ ^ hbp, sink,. Hoh 
shih ; fitted, ^^ h6p, ch(;uk,. Hoh choh ; that 
wlxich should be taken, j^ J^ )\bm 'ts'ii. K'dn 
ts'u ; suitable, >^ ^ hbj), ^I. Hoh 1, ^ JU ,hdm 
^f. K'dn 1, ?r t 'ho .1. K'o I ; adapted for each 
other, :^^ ,8eung hdp^. Sidng hoh, iifg-Q; sdung 
jl. Sidng 1, % '^ tak, ^1. Teh 1 ; mlapted for its 
use, ^^)^ h6p, ^k'l yung'. Hoh k'i yung. 

Adapter, ft^# ^^^K '>^Pj 'ch6. Tsoh hoii vM, j^ 
"^ Z A t«ok, h6pj chl jan. T^oh hoh chl jin. 

Adays, now adays, ^ fl^ ^kam ^shl. Kin shl, 3^ ff$ 
In' jShl. Hicn shl. 

Add, to, to increase in quantity, jj^ kd. Kid, jJjUJQ" 
,kd ^tsang. Kid tsang, Jf" ^ ^tsang yik,. Tsaug 

'Mt "2l ^■Iw monstrous peraonago, is according to Chinese fic- 
tion, not himself tlic ancestor of tho human race ; hence camiot 
ho called " the Chinese Adam " ; for when he died, tho vermin, 
that woro ui)on his hody, wcro converted into the human race. 



yih, ^^ kd ^t'im. Kid t'ien ; to add a little, Jjm 
— ^^ <kd yat, ^tl ^t'lrn, tlH — ^ffptf ^ ,kd vat, 
,tl k6m' to. Kid yih till kdn to ; to add a son to 
a family, ^~J' ^t'lm ^ting. T'ien ting ; to add up 
(to sum up), ^fj-kunp' kai'. Kung kl, %j^^ 
sQn' '111 jloi. Swdn k'l lai ; to add to (raise) the 
price, jfgig'lf ,t'lm 'hi kd'. T'ien k'l kid, ^ J: 
jt'lra 'shdung. T'ien shdng ; to be added to, ^ 
jjn pi' ,kd. PI kid ; to be added by you, ^ffjj jjjp 
tak, 'nl kd. Teh nl kid ; nothing can be addetl to 
it,iSt\>Xt^Z i-^^ 'i 8h6ung' ,chl. JV^u I shdng 
chl ; to add earth, to heap around, j^ ,p'ui. P'ei ; 
J# ^ sP'di 'yung. P'ei yung, /jll:^J#f| kd ,nai 
jP'iii 'po. Kid nl p'ei pd ; to add to (lor protec- 
tion as to plants), ^^ /u^K k'oi'. Fung k'di; to 
put in a little more, ^ ^ f^ tdp, ^tl ^t'lm. Tdh 
till t'ien ; to add and substract, jjp ^ kd kam. 
Kid kien ; to add grief to people, jjf\^)^\ .kd 
jau ^ii jan. Kid yu yu jin. 

Addecimate, -j- ;^ ^ — shap^ 'ts'u ,k'i yat,. Shih 
ts'ii k'i yih. 

Added, -f-'jeg ,ts'ang .t'lm. Ts'ang t'ien, ^^^^^ 
^ts'ang ,king ^t'lm. Ts'ang king t'ien, ^^g ,t'im 
kwo'. T'ien kwo; have you added any? }}W ^ j^ 
Pa 'a' M^ y^^ ^^^'"' s"^ jts'ang; have you added 
any earth? i^iM^'&Pa'a* sP'^ kwo'^nai ^m ^ts'ang. 

Addendum (pi. a<l(l(MKUi), an appendix, pj^ fd'. Fu, 
j^f^ tsuk, tsok,. Suh tsoh, ^ % tsuk, 'se. Suh 
si6, jl^ f^ kai' tsok,. Kl tsoh. 

Adder, !^ ift fuk ,sh6. Fuh shi6, ^ ^ tuk, ^she. 
Tub shie, -fc ^ ^ ts'dt, ts'iin' ^she. Ts'ih ts'un 
slii6. 

Adder's-tongue, '^ ^ (?) jsh6 muk,. Shi^ muh. 

Addible, PT^fj^J ''»» X^^ tik,. K'o t'ien tih. 

Addice, an adze, ^ jj ,t'b tb. T'li tdu, fij ^ 7/ 
jtong ^chii ^t6. T'dng did tdu. 

Addict, to, to apply one's self habitually, B|[ ji^ 
^cliiin ^sam. Chuen sin, ^ |^ ^chiin mb'. Chuen 
wu, ^ j\i> 'ban ^sam. K'an sin, ^ ^C^ ^ fn) yat, 
^sam ^chiin hdung'. Yih sin chuen hidng, — ^ 
^ "(^ yat, ml' ^clifln cliii'. Yih wl chuen chu ; to 
be addicted to wine, |^f@ shl' 'tsau. Shl tsiu, j^ 
yg hd' 'tsau. Hdu tsiu, I^BtTYH .^^ng ,tdm ^u 
'tsau. Hwdng tdn yu tsiu, f^^j^ ,tdm ^ii 'tsau. 
Tdn yd tsiu, {)£ J@ |^ YJ^ ,ch'am 'mln fl 'tsau. 
Ch'in mien yu tsiu ; addicted to sensuality, ^^ 
shi' shik,. sill sih, ^1^ j^ ix: f^ nik, ,ii 'lia sliik,. 
Nib yd nfl sih, -^^^^ t'dni li\n' 'mi shik,. 
T'dn Iwdn mei sih, if^^Ztt '^^^ shik, <clil ,t6. 
Tsiu sih dil t'u ; to be addicted to gain and plea- 
sure, ^ J^^tt^ sun ii fo' shik,. Siun yu ho sih; 
addicti'd to lewdness, j[f- ^ ho' ^p'iu. Hdu p'idu, 
^ ^ ,sun shik,. Siun sih ; to l)o addicted to cruel- 
ty and sensuality, f^ V^J \^ '/^ ^t'dm ,t'6 ,hung 
jam. T'dn t'du bung yin ; to be addicted to the 
four prevalent vices, i.e. lewdness, gtwnbling, 
drinking and opium, ^ \\^ 0; p^ ,p'id 't5 'yam 
^ch'ui. P'idu tu yin ch'ui. 

Addiction, |^ shl'." Shi, jtj hb\ Hdu, vVj> ;$: ^ (nj 



ADD 



(23) 



ADE 



sam ^cM 'sho heung'. Sin chl so Mang, ^Cl^;^ ^ 
^ ^sam ^cM 'sho ho'. Sin clii so hau. 

Adding, ^Jfl^ ,ka ^tsang. Kia tsang. 

Addition, increase, jjf\^ ,ki ^tsang. Kid, tsang ; the 
thing added, ^jf Ju ^ 4^ 'sto ^ka ^clii mat,. So 
kia chi wuh; addition to length, ^^ ,ki jCh'^ung. 
Kid ch'ang ; addition (arithmetic,) y^ ^ ^ ^ 
tsun' sho' ^chi f^. Tsin su chi fah, 1i\\^Z& 
kd t'im chl fat,. Kia t'ien chl fah ; addition in 
the 'margin of any writing, ^ ^ <p'ong ^t'lm. 
P'ang t'ien, 'pjgi chak, chii'. Tseh chu; incapa- 
ble of further addition, ^\^^p ,m6 "1 fuk, ^ka. 
"Wd I fuh kia ; addition, appendix, ^■^ fu.- luk,. 
Fii luh ; addition of a son to a family, ^~J* ,t'Im 
^ting. T'ien ting. 

Additional, M^^ <k^ ,t'lm U\ M^.^ ^^ ,t'lm 
'ch6. Ki& t'ien che, |#^;S#| fu' c^'im ,chl nuat,. 
Fu t'ien chl wuh ; additional tax, ^^ yik, shui'. 
Yih shwiii, "^ |ft *p'u.i slmi'. P'ei shwui ; addi- 
tional happiness, ^jjlg ^cli'ung fuk,. Ch'ung fuh. 

Additionally, |# ^ ^^ fu" ,t'lm tik,. Pii t'ien till. 

Additory, jljB ^ %• ,kd ,t'Im 'che. Kia t'ien che. 

Addle, empty, ^ Jaix. Hii; not fruitful, ^ j^ ^ 
^ ^mo kit^ 'kwo tik,. Wu kieh ko tl ; addle eggs, 

Wl'^M "'^^ ^^^> ^^^'- ^"^^ ^^^ *'^^' M ^ ^ 
jmo ,tseng tin'. Wii tsing tdn, ^pg tiin'. Twan ; 

addle headed (addle pated), i^ ^ ^hiii fuk,. 

Hiiu fuh, fl$0^ — '4^ jhung^mb yat, matj. Hung 

wii yih wuh, ^ )J^ ^fan ^no. Hwan niu, ^ gf 

'fui (k'ui) mo'. Kw'ai man, i{^ ^ ,mi ^fan. Wii 

hiun; putrid, ^ j^ ch'au' wdr. Cli'au hwai. 

Addhngs, X ^ (kung ,ngan. Kung yin. 

Addorsed, ^ ^ lai pui', ^ "^ :^ "^ '16ung pui' 
^s6ung jtong. Liang pei siang tdng. 

Address, to, to speak or speak to, |^ shut,. Shwoh, 
U wa-. Hwa, iitj. Yueh, |g wai', Wei, ^ 



'kong. Ki^'ng, 



•as. 'ii 



Yii ; to speak to a person. 



§^AU tui' jan wd^ Tiii jin hwd, % \ 
jan 'kong. Yii jin kidng, Si \ ^ ' 



u 



a j^an ^m. 



Yii jin yen, ^ A HS: *^i' jan shiit,. Tui jin 
shwoh, ^ A fS" kung- jan wa'. Kung jin hwa, 
1^ A !§■ s^'ung jan-wa' ; to address him saying 
(used in books only), f {| ;^ wai' ^chl fit,. Wei 
chl yueh; to reply, §^ ^ ^ tiii' ^t'a shiit^. Tiii 
t'a shwoh ; to address in one's presence, ^ ^ 
^tong mln' 'kong. Tding mien kiang ; to address a 
letter, "MM i$ ik'^^ c^ung sun' ^p'i. Sie fung 
sin p'l, '^ t^l ^ ^ sun' mln- ^shii ^meng. Sin 
mien shu ming *, to adress a superior, ^ 'pan. 
Pin ; to address as a Consul to high Chin, author- 
ities, ^0^, 1^ chiu' ui'. Chau hwui ; to address as 
Cliin. officials of equal rank, fy '^ s^ang ,man. 
Hang wan ; to address the emperor, ^ tsau'. 



Tsau ; to consign, ^:£ ^ t'ok, pan'. T'oh pin ; to 
address God, "a" ^ Jt 'rfJ' ko' 'to sheung' tai'. 
Kdu tau slidng tl ; to address one's self to busi- 
ness, ^ iiS ^ ^ u' pi' pan- SZ-. Yd pi pan sz. 
Address, a verbal application, pf-^ mln' ko'. Mien 
kau, jj0 ^ mln' 'pan. Mien pin, gjf mln^ so'. 



^^^'chun 



Mien sii, ^ min' ^ch'an. Mien ch'in; ditto to 
the emperor, pj ^ min' tsau'. Mien tsau ; the 
emperor's address to the people, ^ ||f min' u'. 
Mien yd ; a message of congratulation, ^ ^ 
liing' ho'. K'ing ho ; a man of pleasing address, 
^'li^ A 'ho 'lai chl jan. Hau 11 chl jin, ^j^ 
^ db J^^ ^^i c^hi ^^"- Yu. 11 chi sz ; courtship, 
^ j^ ^mau ^fan. Mau hwan ; mutual ditto, :|^ ^ 
jt'au jUn. T'au yuen ; dexterity, ^ X-^ ^kl 'hdu. 
Kl k'iau, ^ f f ^ 'ho kai' .man. H&u kl mau ; 
direction of a letter, "(^ Jl^;^ sun' slieung- _^chi 
^meng, ^^\'^^t ^un' ngoi' chl ^meng. Sin wei 
chi ming ; a person of an awkward address, ^^ 
^ ^ syuug luk, jChl pui'. Yung luh chi pei ; to 
send a letter to one's address, 
jk^u "mau 'mau. Chuen kiau mau mau. 
Addresser, |^ ^ shiit, 'die. Shwoh die ; preacher, 
^ iM ^ 'kong to* 'ch6. Kidng tau che, ^ ^ 
'pan 'ch6. Pin che. 
Addressing, directing, ^'(g^;g 'sesun'^p'ljmeng. 

Si6 sin p'i ming. 
Adduce, to, to cite, :^^| jdn 'yan. Hwan yin, ^| ^ 
-yan 'hi. Yin k'i, ^| {Ij yan ch'ut,. Ym ch'uh, 
^1 'f^ V^^ (Shan. Yin shin ; to adduce proofs, 
^11^ -yan kii'. Yin kii. 
Adducible, Pf ^| # ^ 'ho 'yan tak, 'hi. K'o yin 

teh k'i. 
Adduction (said of muscles), |{§;^ shuk, ^mai; cit- 
ing, ^l^Vau'hi. Yin k'i. 
Adductive, ^\^^^ 'yan 'hi tik,. Yin k'i tih, ^\ ^J 

^ 'yan ch'ut tik,. Yin ch'uh tih. 
Adductor, ^M^Wi ^huk, ^mai ^chi ^kan. Shuh 

mai chi kin. 
Ademption, revocation, gj5[ |^ 'koi k'ap,. Kai k'ih, 
gj5r ^ 'koi 'a. 'Kai yd ; the revocation of a privi- 
lege^ :^,^ kak, jan. Keh ngan. 
Adept, well skilled in, %^ shukj'shau. Shuh shau, 
^ ^ shin' 'shau. Shen shau, ^ ^ 'ho 'shau. 
Hdu shau, ^ ^ lo 'shau. Lau shau, $f ^ ^ 
'ho 'shau shai'. Hdu shau shI ; M^ell skilled in 
mechanical arts, ^^P.^t 'shau shai'.han shuk^. 
Shau shI hien shuh, \%j^ kwdn' lln\ Kwin 
lien; very well skilled in, p^ :^ ^ kom' '16 lln\ 
K&n Idu lien. 
Adequate to, ^ ,tong. Tdng, % hak,. K'eh, ;^^ 
hak,>ng. K'eh tang, 1^ , slung. Shing, ^k'au'. 
K'au, gg ,k'6ung. k'iang, ff M 'tsai ,kln. Tsz 
kien ; adequate to the office, g^ '«' ^ -fi ^nang 
^tong jk'i yam'. jNang tjing k'i jin, >£ M ^ 'fi 
iiak, ^kln ^k'i yam'. K'eh kien k'i jin ; strength 
adequate to, 3fjMj^l^ ^k, chi' u k'au'. LUi chi 
yd k'au ; not adequate to, ^f] 7^^ ^ ^ lik> pat, 
tsuk, yd. Lib pub tsub yd ; adequate to an un- 
dertaking, H^ ill # ^ jnang pdn" tak, Joi. 
Nang pdn teh Idi ; adequate to (deserving of), :^ 
^ hom.tong. K'dntdng,;^^ horn, wai. K'dn 
wei ; an adequate supply, /J: M ^^uk, yung'. 
Tsub yung, J^-f^ tsuk, 'shai. Tsub shi. 
Adequately, ^ ^ h6p, shik,. Hob sliib, ^ cheuk, 



ADTT 



(24) 



ADJ 



Choh ; adequately executed, ^ i^ ^ ts6' kwo' 
ch^uk,. Tso kwo choh. 

Adequatoness, justness of proportion or representa- 
tion, '^ ^ ^ 1i?>Pj shik, 'ch6. Hoh sliih cM, ^ 
^ hop^ 'fdn. IToh kw'in. 

Adhere, to, to stick to, ^}i=^^ chfm C^ntm). Nien, 
Ifit'lp,. TU'h^jfj^.^x. lid, ji,l,>ft ehlmcha'. Nien, 
chi\, n^^ t'lp^ chii'. T'ieh chn,|^>^ chip, clifl'. 
Tieh cln'i, || shl'. Sht, jjtjg chak,. Chili ; to stick 
fast, ^ ^ ,n 'kan. \b\ kin, jji^g H ,6 shat,. Hii 
shih, 1^ flfi ^ chlm t'lp, 'kan. Nien t'ieh kin, 

lA m $ 6 'fli^"^ ^^^. <1<^ ^^'- ^'^'" ^^'^' ^^^^ '^*^' 
/I^Af^ilS ch(m tdk, 'chii ku' ; to adhere to oh- 
stinatelv (as to an opinion &e.), ifpj ^k'a. K'a, :fpj^ 
,k'uchap,. K'udlih,:fi1I'^<k'i^ni^ K'iinl,:j^^ 
^k'a chai'. K'a chl, :f^^ ,k'a ,hln. K'ii kien, ^ 
^^ii >'« i^t' pat, .t'ung. K'a ni puh t'un^, |g| 
iSi^M kd' chap, pat <t'ung. Ku chih puh t'unp, 

I^^T^ta '"^"'IS s"'"^ P''^*- "^'- ^^^^^ "^^ P"*^ '*^'°' 
ft ;§ chap, r. Chih I- |ll B chap, 'kl. Chih kl ; 

to adhen; to (he attached to,) # f# i t\V. 1 fd, 
IA# t'lp, shan. T'ieh shin, ^^5^ t'lp, Jin. T'ieh 
lien ; to adhere to one anotlier, Hl^}^ ^seung <lln. 
Siting lien ; to adhere to, to follow, ^ f^ shik, 
jts'ung. Shih ts'ung, g, ^ jm *mi. Vi wi ; to 
adhere to a doctrine, "f^^ft^ lok, 'shau to' '11. 
Loll shau ti'iu 11 ; to adhere to custom, ^ ^ ^ 
'shavi Jvw'ai 'kii. Shau kw'ei ku ; to adhere to 
petty fomialities, :!^) '^ /J^ jfi?? ,k'a nl' 'siu *lai. 
K'ii nl sidii U ; to adhere to justice, ^ ^ P^^o 
^kung. Ping kung, ^ ^ 'ping l^ Ping 1 ; to ad- 
iiei'C to coiTCct principles, f^ JE 'p'"" ching'. 
Ping ching, f[i ^ ping chat,. Ping chih, ^ g 
'ping chikj. Ping diih, J^ ||J ts'o tsit,. Ts'du 
tsieh, .^:tf. ,ts'6\ch'i. Ts'ilu cli'l, ^UJ 'sz tsit,. 
Sz tsieh ; to adhere to with steadfastness, If^ ^ 
jch'l jts'un. Cli'i siun ; to adhere to one's declara- 
tion, ^ yp ^ M ^^'"' P''^*5 P'^^' fkaiig. Shl puh 
pien kang, ^ P ^ J^ 'ch'i 'hau pat, ^1. Shi k'au 
puh i. 
Adherence, stickinp to firmly, ^ ^ jd sliatj. lid 
shih, ^ ^ chcuk, shatj. Choh shih ; adherence 
to order, ^iCi»[S]|^ ^man ,8am ku' kit,. Min sin 
kii kieh; adh(>reiice to a person, ^pjij" ,1 fu'. 1 fd; 
affectionate do., ^ j^ kiin' liin'. Kiuen liuen ; 
steadiness of mind, '^j ((^ jshevmg ,sam. Chdng 
sin, fg i^ Jiane sam. Hang sin ; fixedness of 
purpose, )|; ^^ ten g' 1'. Ting 1. 

Adh<>rent, sticking, Ijlift chlm chix^ Nien chu, ^ 
tsik, shatj. Tsili shih; a follower, ^^- jts'ung 



Adhei-er, follower, ^ ^ ,ts'iine 'ch«4. Ts'uiig die, 
^ J^ 1^, ,kan 'ml 'cli.''. Kan wl did. 

Adhesion, sticking, i}^^ chlm ,d. Nien hu, M|jf 
tsik, shat,. Tsih shih, i^ ,di'l. Ch'l ; adhesion of 
two things, ^flj^i[^i^ 'Ic-ung 'hk ch'l ^mii. 
Lidng Ilia ch'l nidi, pf^ f^ ^ ^ 'leung ch<'«',kdu 
^chim. Lidng chc kiau nien; the a^lhesion of iron 
to the magnet, M ^ ^ ^ HIS ^i fit, 'u 8hlp, 
shekj ymng ,t'au. T'ieh yu sheh shih si^ng Vim. 

Adhesiveness, f^ ^fi kdu cliim. Kiiu nien. 

Adhesive, sticky, /jf -^ jf^ij kau Jin tik,. Kiiu lien 
til>, rfPiili"^ 'h^ .kdu .lin ke, ^j^l^fiij ^d.chlm 
tik,. Wd nien till ; tenacious, j^ f^ m ngan*. 

Adhesiveness, ^ j^ _kau Jin. Kiau lien. 

Adhihit, to, to use, j (^ ^^ing". Yung ; to apply (as 
paultice,) f^ a'p, ^ ,fd. Fd. 

Adhihiticm, j^ yung-. Yung. 

Adhortation, advice, ^ hiin'. K'iuen. 

Adianthum, maid(!n hair, " S^ "^ ^ liak k-wat 
,mong. Heh kuh mdng, :^':^ ^ shek^ ,ch'dung 
,shang. Shih di'dng sang, j:^:^ iV i. Tl 1, :g^ 
shek, fdt,. Shih fih, m,df< ,dn ,1. IHuen 1; adian- 
tum nuhulum, ^^^ fung' 'ml 'ts'o. Fung wl 
ts'iu, /J^^J^ 'sid chl' 'ml. Siiu dil wl. " 

Adia])liora, fffi i] ^ ^^ ,m6 ^kwan shin' ok,. Wd 
kwdn shen ngoh, t^^fif. ,^, ^fi shin' ^C ok,. Fi 
shen fi ngoh. 

Adieu ! fare well (said hy the remaining party,) — 
1^ ^ -^ yat, 16' jp'ing ^on. Yih Id p'ing ngj'm ; 
thank you! (is the reply of the one avIio dejiarTs.) 
# Wl (^ i^S) tsik, fuic,. Tsih full, ^ ^Ij tsAra' 
pit^. Tsh,n pieh; adieu for ever! f]<.'^i^^^ 'wing 
*an ^sdung pltj. Yung yuen siang pih ; may God 
hless you ! jp ± ^ (^ |S iin' slaving' tai' kong' 
fuk,. Yuen slu'ing tl kiang full ; to bid adieu, -^ 
^ ko' ,ts'z. Kdu ts'z, ^ ^Ij ko' pit,. Kiu pieh. 

Adit, i:j)j;p .hang 'liau. Kang k'au. 

Adjacent, near, ^ kan'. Kin, f^ jg; fd' kan'. FA 
kin ; not far, %i^ '^^ j^ Jl pat, 'iin. LI puh j-uen ; 
bordering upon, j^ ^ Jin kii'. Lien ki/ii, ^ |^ 
kdk, kai'. Keh kidi, ^ ^ Jun kdi'. Lin ki4i, 
^ ^ ^kdu kdi'. Kiiu kiM ; to live a<ljae«nt to, 
^ f^ Jun chii*. Lin did, ^ 1^ seung Jun. 
Siiing lin ; to hve close to, jg; f^ kan' chii'. Kin 
diu ; adjacent countiy, M i5: ^ i^ ':^ fu' kan' 
^dil ti' /(>ng. Fd kin dil tl fing. 

Adject, to, to add, j|||l^ kd t'im. Kid t'ien. 

Adjeotion, JJW^ ki J'ini. Kik t'ien ; the thing ad- 
ded, ^)x jjn Z ,^ 'she <kd ^chl i\ So kiA chl i, ^ 
^;^^ 'sho ^flm dil sz'. So t'ien dil sz. 
'die. Ts'ung clu', ^^^ Js'ui Js'ung 'du^. i Adjective, (in Grammar,) ^^ shai' tsz'. Shl tsz. 



Sui ts'ung die ; a Ibllowor of a government offi- 
cer, gU JjlE ,kan pi'in. Kan pdn ; adherents of a 
fiiction, '}^ ^i 'tong lui'. Tfing lui, ^ ^ 'tong 



Adjectivdy, to use as an mljective, ^ ^ ^ flo ffl 
1 shai' tsz' J yung*. f shl tsz rh yung, H^ ^ ^ 
^ (^liid' shai' t«z' 'shai. 



'ii. Tiinp yd, |^ ^ ,t'ung ^eiri'ii. T'uug eli'ili, jgj Adjoin, to, to he contiguous, ^ i^ Jin ^mdi. Lien 



J'ung jCh'uu. T'ung drau, (^ ft} J'ung 'iii 
T'ung Hi, (h| ^ J.'ung lui'. T'ung lui. 
Adherently, in an mlherent manner, S|^ ^ tSJS; ^ 
,ch'I chii' 'k6m yt'ung*. -j^, ^- ,ch'I Jn. Ch'l jen. 



miii, [JifiJ- jg; fu' kan'. Fd kin ; Ui unite, ^ ^ Jin 
h6p,. Lien hoh, ^^-^ t'lp, Jin. T'ieh lien, i}^^^ 
ping'h^p,. Ping hoh, Bfj ^ fd' h.Np,. Fd hoh, 
^ ^ ,kttu h6p,. Kidu hoh, p]); j^ pi' Jin. PI lien. 



ADJ 



(25) 



ADJ 



Adjoining, bordering upon, ^ ^ ^kau kai'. Kiau 
ki^i ; the adjoining room, ^ ^ kd,k, i^ong. Keh 
fang, P^i^ kak, ,ts'enng. Keh ts'iing ; adjoining 
province, ^ ^ <lnn 'shang. Lin sang ; joining, 
^'^ jlin h6p,. Lien hoh ; near, Ig; kan'. Kin. 

Adjourn, to, to put off, jg ,ch'f. Ch'i, ^fifl >.k'i. 
Yen k'l, ig ^ ,ch'l ^(n. Ch'i yen, jg >^ fih'l 
chai-. Ch'i chi, :^fl| ^tdm kok,. Tdn koh, ^^ 
^ts'f n jfn. Ts'ien yen ; to delay, ^ -f^ ngai" 
yat, 'tsz. Yai jih tsz, jg |^ ,ch'l dn^ Ch'i liw^n, 
^ M S^ ^^ • ^^^ hwAn ; to adjourn to another 
dav, jg — ■ B (Ch'l yat^ yat,. Ch'i yih jih. 

Adjom-ning, jg ,ch'I. Ch'i, :jf ^ ^tSm kok,. Tdn 
koh. 

Adjournment, ^ -^ ngdi- yat, 'tsz. Y^i jih tsz ; 
to specify the day of meeting again, ^ ^ ^ 
1^ teng' yat, ^k'i tsoi' lii'. Ting jih k'l tsai hwui; 
a prorogation, jg ^ jCli'I ^In. Ch'i yen. 

Adjudge, to, ^ ^ 'sham tiin'. Shin twkn, |p *^lj 
"■sham p'lin'. Sliin pw'in, ^ ^ '1 teng'. I ting ; 
to award, |§jijf t'eng' tiin'. T'ing twan ; to award 
to a certain person, ^ ^ ^ \ tiin' ^kwai ^mau 
^yan. Twan kwei mau jin, i^lj M ^ ^ p'un' *u 
"mau 'mau ; to adjudicate, ^ ^ ^ts'oi tiin'. Ts'di 
twan, ^ ^ ^fan tiin'. Fan tw^n. 

Adjudged, ilf ^ tiin' kwo'. T^^An kwo, ^^^M 
'sham teng' kwo'. Shin ting kwo. 

Adjudicate, to, ^ ^ /an tiin'. Fan twan, |p ^ 
'sham tun'. Shin twdn, ^jM^^ p'un' 'u ^mau 
'mau. Pw'an yu mau mau. 

Adjudication, a judicial trial, |^^ 'sham on'. Shin 
ng^n, ^ij^ p'lin' tun'. Pw'^n twan. 

Adjugate, to yoke to, J^ ^ 'sh^ung 4k,. Sh^ng 
ngeh. 

Adjimct, jJUl^^'^ (ka /'Im ,chl mat^. Kia t'ien 
chi wuh, MWii^^ ,s6ung fu" chi mat,. Siang 
fii chi Tvoih ; an adjunct (in grammar,) Rj^ ^ ^ 
W fii" 'k^i "ii I'. Eli kiai yd I ; an appendage-, [Sj^ 
^ fu' luk,. Fd luh ; an assistant, j^ ^ seung' 
'clie. Siang ch6. 

Adjunction, J!jP i^ ^ ^ ,ka /'im ^chi mat,. Kia 
t'ien chi wuh, |# ^ ;^ 'j^ fd' ,lln ^chi mat,. Fd 
lien chi wuh. 

Adjunctive, Rif ^ ^^ fu' ^lln tik,. Fd lien tih ; hav- 
ing the quaHty of joining, ^WM'^i§^ V^^^^ ^^' 
jUn chi tak,. Yd fd lien chi teh. 

Adjm'ation, a solemn charging on oath, 5^ Al§^ 
chuk, ,yan fat, shai'. Chuh jin fah shi, |^ -=^ |^ 
^ u" ling- fat^ shai'. Yd ling fah shI ; a charging 
one under the penalty of a curse, ^j^g^^J^^A 
shai' Tin' ^yeimg k'ap, ^ii jyan. SliI yuen ydng kih 

Adjure, to charge on oath, 5^^ chuk, shai'. Chuli 
shi, ^ ^ ling' shai'. Ling shI ; to charge on 
pain of God's wrath, ]!!X%M.Wi K'^ ^'liau' cho' 
wo' ^yan. I chau tsd ho jin, /|| ^^ 
,shan fat, shai'. P'ang shin fah shi. 

Adjurer, one that exacts an oath, 5^ ^ :^ chuk^ 
shai- 'ch(5. Chxoh shl ch6, jjg^;^ pik, shai' 'che. 



m <p'ang 



Pih shl che, ^ ^ ^ a' shai' 'clie. Yd shl ch6. 
Adjust, to, to make exact, ^ ^ 'clung 'h6. Ching 
hau, ^ ^ 'ching chu'. Ching chd, j^ ^ ^sau 
'ching. Siu ching, ^ ^ =^ 'ching ^t'ing "t'o. 
Ching t'ing t'o ^ f^ chan' tsok^. Chin tsoh ; to 
put in order, ^^ 'ching ^ts'ai. Cliing ts'I, tT^ 
^ 'ti 'ching 'ho. Td ching hd.u, ^^ 'ching pin'. 
Ching pien, f^ f Ij tsit, chai'. Tsieh chi, ^ % 
'tsiin tsit^. Tsun tsieh, g5-||J ^ts'oi chai'. Ts'di chi, 
v^f^ 'chun jCh'ing. Chun ch'ing; to arrange, ^ 
j^\. on ,p'di. Ngan p'ai, f| 'chdn. Chdn, |^ :{^ 
jP'ai p'dk,. P'ai p'eh ; to arrange nicely, ;^^:^p:j^ 

tt sP'^i sP'^i P'^^> P'^^>' P'ai p'^i p'eh p'eh ; to 
adjust an account, ff .^:^ g kai' siin' shb' mukj. 
KI swdn sd mull, ^ ^ ^ § 'ching ^ts'ai shS' 
miikj. Ching ts'I su muh ; to adjust a difficulty, 
Wf- IP sP'^i nan'. P'ai nan ; it is not easy to ad- 
just [that affair,] ^ ^ :^p ^ pat^ f ji'Ai 'kSi. 
Pull I p'di kiai, ^||^#J sham' .n^n ^t'id /sai. 
Shin nan t'iau tsl ; to adjust the various tastes in 
medicine or eatables, f^ ^ ^fiu mf . T'iciu wl, 
p5RlS.5l^ jt'id jWO -ng ml'. T'iau ho wd wl, ^ 
^ jWO ^kang. Ho kang; to con'ect errors (of 
conduct,) ^ jl^ ^kw'ai kAvo'. Kw'ei kwo, ^ J£ 
jt'an ching'. T'dn ching, ^^ ^sliing Jiln. Shing 
k'ien, ^ J£ 'tau ching'. Tau ching ; to adjust 
eri'ors (in mechanics &c.,) j^ JE ^kw'ai ching'. 
Kw'ei ching; to adjust the hair, ;^ ^ ^sho fat,. 
Su fah, ^^ '11 fat,. LI fdh ; to adjust a balance, 
^ ^ 2p: k^u' /'In sp'ing. Kidu t'ien p'ing ; to 
adjust the principles of nature, ^ ^ P^ |^ sit, 
'II jam ,yeung. Sieh II yin ydng, 5|^^|I^|§r ,wo 
'11 ^yam jeung. Ho II yin yang ; to fit, ^ ^ 
'ching hop,. Ching hoh ; to adjust so as to suit 
one, ^ ^ij -^ i^ 'ching to' hop, I'; to adjust the 



P'eh kid, 1 



.hai kd 



.-/;5 



price, :j^ ^ p'^k, ^^' 

K'iai kia. 
Adjusted, fl^^j^ ^sau 'ching kwo'. Sid ching kwo, 

|g fji ciiam' (In. Clidn jen, 2ji 7^ ^p'ing jts'ai. 

P'ing ts'I, J^^ Jvwan /s'ai. Kiun ts'I, -^H.^ 

libp, chek, ts'an'. Hoh chili ts'un, -^ j^ hop, 

shik,. Hoh shih, ^ 'ts'z. Ts'z. 
Adjuster, ^0^^ ^sau 'ching 'che. 
Adjusting, ^ j^ 'ching 'ho. Ching hdu, -^ ^ ^sau 

'ching. Siu ching, -^ -^ ^ tso' hop, shik,. Tsa 

hoh shih. 
Adjustment, ^ ^ ^sau 'ching. Sid ching, ^ ]£_ 

^kwai ching'. KAv'ei ching ; suiting, ^ -^ ^ 

'ching hop, i'. Ching hoh I. 
Adjutage, ^ ;?fc1ij ,cham 'shui /'ung. Chin shwui 

t'ung, g>| .^^c ^ (Cham 'shui 'tsui. Cliin shwui 

tsui. 

Adjutancy, M]"^ ^^^ f'^^' <^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^>- ^^ ^^^^ 
chi chih. 

Adjutant, gjj 1^ fu' ^kun. Fu kwkn; adjutant- gen- 
eral, @|J ^ fii' tseung'. Fd tsiang, gij fS J^ fu' 
/o 't'ung. Fu td t'ung, f^ ijf <p'l tseung'. P'l 
tsidng. 

Adjutator, t^^^ /d cho' 'che. Fd tsd che, ||^ 



ADJ 



(26) 



ADM 



di^ 'chdung. 



^ fd' tso' 'ch6. Fd tso ch6, -^ 
IlAVui chdng. 

Adjutrix, i^W'i&.M '^^ f'i' *»o' 'ch6. Nu fd tso 
ch6. 

Adjuvant, t^ flft |t^ ,f6 cho' tik,. Fd tsd tih, :^ |ff 
h^ ,fd cho^ tik, ml'. Fd tsd tih wl. 

Adjuvatc, to, ^ IJ/; ,pong cho'. Piing tsd. 

Admeasure, gt; ^ jleung tokj. Lidng toh. 

Admeasurement, f,U Jg cliai' tb'. CM td, ;g ^ 
jl6ung tokj. Lidug toh; ships admeasurement, ^ 
^ fij ig .shiin ^chi chai' tb\ Ch'uen chl chi td. 

Admtjasurcr, ;H; ^ :^ A'^^^g ^^^j '^^^^' Liang toh 
ch6. 

Admensuration, see atlmeasurement. 

Administer, to, to dispense, ^ ^shl. Shi ; to giAT, 
^ k'ap,. Kih, ^ ts'z'. Ts'z ; to manage, f\ ^ 
lid* '11. Lidu 11, U^ p^n^'U. Pki 11, i^^ 'kdn 
HI. Kwi'in 11, ^ i^ 'cheimg 'kdn. Chang kAvan, 
^1^ jshing 'kdn. Ching kwan, J^^ ,king 'kdn. 
King kwin ; to direct, ^^ 'chl ^fai. Chi hwui; 
to dispense medicine, ^ ^ ^shl yeukj. Shi yoh ; 
to administer to the poor, |il^ ^ ^ ^ (ShI 'she 
tsai' J) 'an. Shi shie tsl p'in; to manage a school, 
^ ^ 'cheung kdu'. Chang kiau ; to manage (as 
a job), 3^ ^ ^ ^ iShing tsip, 'kdn 'II. Ching 
tsieh kwdn II ; allow mo to direct that, ^ ^ ^ 
:^ t'eng' 'ngo 'chl ,fai. T'ing wo chl hwui; to 
a<lminister an oath, 5^ 'ftfJ, |^ § chuk, ,t'a fat^ 
shai*. Chuh t'^ fih shI ; do. in a Chinese court, 
JLL^^)^ hipj ling' kii* kit,. Lih ling kii kieh ; 
to administer the Lord's supper, |fl^ i^- ^ ;Shl 
shing' jts'an. Shi shing ts'dn ; to a<lniiuister the 
laws of a state, ^f^ ^^^M t^^id' lut, fit, 'kdn 
'11. Chiu Huh fih'kwin 11, #^*;^@ ,1 fdt, chl' 
kwok,. t fah chl kwoh ; to administer to his plea- 
sure, jJW^^I^^ig ,kk lokj ^u ,t'a. Kiii loh yd Vi. 

Administration, the government, i^ |^ 'kun hat,. 
Kwdn hidh ; the court, ^^ jCh'iu st'ing. Ch'iu 
t'ing ; the a<lministration of justice, ^ '/jpf jp'ing 
chl'. P'ing chl. 

Administrative, ^^^ 'kdn sz' 'ch6. Kwin sz ch6. 

Administrator, of a government, |^ ^ kwok, hln'. 
Kwoli hien; do. of an estate, '^ ^ ,tong ki. 
Ting kid, '^i^^mZA 'cli'iung 'kdn <ki Ip^ 
^ch( ^yan. Clidng kwdn kii nieh chl jhi ; a tutor, 

Bill f? c8z J6- Sz y6. 
Administratorship, f^ ^ ;^ 1({|| toi' 'II ,chl clilk,. 

Tii 11 ehl chill. 
Administratrix, of a government, ;^ ^ 'nil ^kwan. 

Nil kiun ; do. of an estate, ;^^^ 'nii ,tong ,ki. 

NU ting kii ; do. of an institution, ^|5i5 ^^^ (SZ. 

Nil sz. 
Admirable, W\ ^ v{^ ch'ut, .k'l U\ $f # P^Jt 'ht\ 

mid' k6\ ^iip ^k'l mid'. K'l miiu, ^^ ,k'I I'. 

K'l I, :^i^ sham' mid'. Shin miiu, :^^ sham' 

,k'I. Shin k'l, ^ il^ tsiit, mid'. Tsiuoh miiu ; 

excellent, ^^ sham' 'ml. Shin mci, J^^ kik, 

'h6. Kih hiu, ^{i j^ kikj raid'. Kih miiu ; very 

wonderful, |^ |^"^ .^ sham' shuk, ,k'1 1'. Shin 



shuh k'l 1 ; astonisliing, $f |iJ^P|^ 'ho eh'ut, ,k'l 
ke'; how wonderful! % |^ ,k'I tsoi. K'l tsii, jip 
-^ mid' jtsoi. Miiu tsii ; sublime, ^ ^ J^o'^ 
,ngai. 

Adjniraldeness, ^j^ ,k'I mid'. K'l miiu, ^||^ 
^k'l I' 'cU, ^ Afl^ ling" jan ,keng ,k'i. Ling 
jin k'ing k'l. 

Admirably, done, ^ *^ ^ifp tab' kwo' kik, mid'. 
Tso kwo kih miiu ; admirably beautiful, ^^ pj" 
^ ^wd 'ml 'ho ,k'I. Hwi mel k'o k'l, ^M"^ M 
Im' lai' 'ho ^ki. Yen II k'o kii. 

Admiral, :7|C ^[5 ^i^ '^ 's^ui ,sz ,t'ai tuk,. Shwui sz 
t'l tub ; vice admu-al, ^^^^^ 'shui ,sz 'tsung 
chan'. Shwui sz tsung chin ; rear admiral, -^ fj^ 
1^ ^ 'shui ^sz hip, chan'. Shwui sz hieh chin ; 
Lord high admiral, ^fc 6i5 ::^ ^i fp| ^ 'shui ^sz 
^ping p6' sh^ung' ^shii. Sln\Tii sz ping pd shing 
shu. 

Admiralty, ;;rfc&i|j^^ 'shui ,sz ,ping j)hK Shwui sz 
ping pd ; the court of admiralty, :;^pj]] JflJ mJJ shui 
^8z jying p6'. Sh^^nu sz ying pu ; lords of the ad- 
miralty, 7Kl5i^lnP#to )lHii<sz ,yingp6' shl» 
jlong. Shwui sz ying pd shi ling. 

Admii-ation, yj^ ch'ut, ,k'I. Ch'uli k'l, ^|| ,k'l I'. 
K'l I ; intense admu-ation, :^ ^ sham' k'l. Shin 
k'l; dl ^ ;t ^ ch'ut, ,k'i ,cM ho'. Ch'uh k'l 
chl hdu, ^V^ZM ,ch'ing /d ,chl hb'. Ch'ing 
fd chi hau ; the Note of admu-ation is in Chinese 
expressed by, i^ jtsoi. Tski, ^jd. Hd, 1^,3. Yd. 

Admire, to, to regai-d with wonder, ^^ ,<^'i'i"? j^'^- 
Ch'ing k'l, ^ ^ sin' ,k'l. Sien k'l, ^ ^ k'ln' 
,k'l. Kien k'l, 1$ ^ t'in' sin'. T'in sien ; to ad- 
mire with approbation, 1^^ t'in' 'mi. T'in mei, 
j^H .ch'ing 'ml. Ch'ing mei, >^^ ,ch'ing tslin'. 
Ch'ing tsin, ^ ^ jio 'ts^ung. Piu tsiing, j^ 
^ ^p6 'mi. Piiu mei ; to be surprised at, ^ ^ 
,keng I'. King I, .1^^ ^hoi I'. HM i,>^^ kwii' 
1'. KavM I, ttl ^ ch'ut, jk'I. Ch'uh k'l ; to ad- 
mire one, ^^X ,^b'ing tsin' ^yau. Ch'ing tsin 
jin ; to admire and magnify, ^ ;fz. 'pb tii'. Piu 
ti ; to delight in, :g: tJJ 'hl'^fdn. HI bwin, ^^ 
jChung oi'. Chung ngii. 

Admirer, 3^ ^ ^ ,cli'ing ^k'l 'ch6. Ch'ing k'l chc'', 
1^^^ tsdn' shin' 'che. Tsin shen ch6, I^H^ 
,keng i' 'ch6. King I ch^. 

A(imiring, jg| ^ ,ch'ing ,k'l. Ch'ing k'l, ^ H 
ch'ing 1'. Ch'ing I. 

Admiringly, admiringly beautiful, ^ if^^^ jk'I 
jln ,chl 'ml. K'l jen chl mei. 

Admissibility, pf ^ ^ 'ho shttt, 'che. K'o shwoh 
ch6, Pf if ^ I'o ^^'^' chc^. k'o hw{i ch6, ^ H 
'ho 'kong. K'o kiing. 

Admissible, Pf Ift ft^I '^o sbflt, tik,. K'o shwoh tih, 

Pi^ilij 'ho wk' tik,. K'o hwfi tih, ^^ tsb' tak,. 

Tso teh, H # P]* 'kong tak, 'ho. Kiing teli k'o, 

pf ^ 'ho 'chun. K'o chun, pf /^ 'ho vap,. K'o 

jib. 

Admission, permission to enter, /^ y\ 'chun yap,. 
Chun jili, g^TV '^^ PPj- Ha jib, pf i|| 'ho tsun'. 



ADM 



(27) 



ABO 



K'o tsin, 1^ jH 'hii tsun'. Ha tsin ; power to 
enter, y\. ^ japj tak,. Jih teh, ^ |^ tsun' tak,. 
Tsin teh ; admission of an argument not fully 
proved, M ^^ ^ 1^ ,kd 'hti ^k'i shiit,. Kd ha k'i 
shwoh, fe A ^ fe <k^ 'ch'e Van nok,. Kd ch'e 
vun noh, i^ A ^ 1^ hii ^yan ^ch( shut,. Hii jin 
chf shwoh, ^ f H ^ jts'ui 'k'ii 'kong ; the act of 
admission, ^j y\ 'yan yapj. Yin jih, ^ ^ *^yau 
tsun'. Yu tsin. 

Admission of light and fresh air, 3^ 3fe if^ ^ *'^^^^ 
^kwong napj ^leung. T'au kwang ndh liang ; ad- 
mission money, for the porter, f^ jjj^ ^mdn 'lai. 
]Mun II •, do. for the teacher, ^ '^ ^ ^ cW ^i 
^chi jUgan. Chi 1 ch( yin ; ceremony of admis- 
sion/^^^ilii chr kin' chl 'lai. Chi kien chi li. 

Admit, to, to suffer to enter, ^fg A J^^^ "^'u yap,. 
Ydk'fljih, ^tgA t'eng' ^k'ti yap^. T'ing k'a 
jih •, to gi-ant enti-ance, ^ A 'chun yap^. Chun 
jih, l^iH 'hii tsun' ; to admit by ticket, :^ ® j^ 
#A 'yau ,pid tsau^ tak, yap,, MM^^A sP'ang 
,pid 'hii yap,. P'ang pidu hii jih ; to allow to en- 
ter, ;^ A fong' yap,. Fkng jih ; to admit a guest, 
^ ^ 'chun kin'. Chun kien ; to admit and de- 
tain a guest, @ ^ jlau hak,. Lid keh ; to admit 
(as a chUd into an institution), ^ tsip,. Tsieh ; 
admit him, ^fgA 'chun 'k'a yap,. Chun k'ii jih. 

Admittable, ^ f^ 'ho 'wan. K'o yun, Pf l|^ j^ 'ho 
^shau ndp,. K'o shau n^h, hJ* A ^^ J^Vv ^'^ 
jih, of i|^ -^ 'ho ,shau ^lau. K'o shau liu. 

Admittance, allowance, }^ 'chun. Chun ; permis- 
sion to enter, ^ A 'chun yap,. Chun jih, ^ A 
fong' yap,. Fdng jih ; the power of entrance, A 
•^ yap, tak,. Jih teh ; the solemn admittance of 
a priest, ^ -^ ^ jjiS on' 'shau ,cht 'lai. Ngdn 
shau clil li. 

Admitted, permitted to enter, i^"^ ^^ ^shau jlau 
kwo'. Shau lid kwo ; granted, yfcj^i^ Van 'chun 
kwo'. Yun chun kwo ; conceded, ^g^"^ c'^^ ^^ 
kwo'. Kii hii kwo. 

Admix, to, to add and mix, 1^ -^ ,k'au ,wan. K'au 
yun, ;^ -^ \o jWan. Idu yun, :^ -^ 'kSu jWan. 
Kiau yun, ^ ^ ^wo jWan. Ho yun ; to mingle 
with, "^ H wan- is^p,. Hwan tsih, :fg H ^k'au 
tsdp,. K'au tsih, ^ ^ ^ts'dm tsdp,. Ts'dn tsih; 
do. to throw into disorder, ^ ^ 'ching tsdp,. 
Ching tsih, ^ ^ 'ching lun". Ching Iwdn. 

Admixtion, ^^^ ,k'au ^wan. K'au yun. 

Admixtm-e, see mixture. 

Admonish, to, ^J hlin'. K'iuen ; to admonish a su- 
perior, 1^ kciu'. Kien ; to warn, ^ 5^ hiin' k^i'. 
K'iuen kidi ; to reprove, ^ chdk,. Tseh, ^ ^ 
'king chdk,. King tseh ; to instruct, ^ ^ kciu' 
kcii'. Kidu kidi, -^ g^ kb' k^i'. Kiu kidi ; to ad- 
monish and urge, ^^ hiin' 'min. K'iuen mien ; 
to admonish the age, ^ ^ hiin' shai'. K'iuen 
shi. 
Admonished, ^ j|^ hun' kwo'. K'iuen kwo ; repro- 
ved, ^ ^ Aj^ 'king chak^ kwo'. King tseh kwo, 
1^ j^ nau' kwo'. Niu kwo ; warned, ^ ^ j||^ 



hiin' kdi' kwo'. K'iuen kiai kwo. 
Admonisher, ^ ^ ^ hiin' kai' 'che. K'iuen kidi 

clie ; do. of superiors, ^ ^ ^ han' kan' 'che. 

K'iuen kin che. 
Admonitive, ^^^v| han' kii' tik,. K'iuen kidi tih. 
Admonition, ^ ^ hSn' kdi'. K'iuen kiai ; reproof, 

^ ^ 'king chak,. King tseh ; intruction, ^ ^ 

hiin' kdu'. Kiuen kiau. 
Amonitive, ^^ffy hun' kdi' tik,. Kiuen kiai tih. 
Admonitor, see admonisher. 
Admonitory, J|{| ^ |^»J hiin' kan' tik,. K'iuen kin 

tih, ^ ^ ^^ 'king chdk, tik,. King tseh tih. 
Adniove, to, to move to, :^ ig jidu ^mdi. Pwdn 

mai, ^ ^ <I kan^ 1 kin ; to bring nearer, jg; ^ 

kan' ^ts'in. Kin ts'ien. 
Adnascent, growing on something else, J ^ man' 

^shang. Man sang, ^ ^ kl' ^shang. Ki sang, 

IS -4^ .ch'in shang. Ch'ien sans:. 
Adnoun, ^ ^ shai' tsz'. Shi tsz. 
Ado, to make much ado about trifles, ^'^ ^ 

'ch'ino: .kunsr ,nan2:. Ch'ing kung nang, ^ ^ 

To 
to 



*o i^ 



,kw'd ^kung. Kw'a kung, ^ ^ ^to ^kung,. 

^ ^ 'P 



kung ; to do with much ado. 



^ 



^kung 'shid ,16. To kung shdu Idu, ^ r?q ^ ^ 
^kung ji ,m6 5I6. Kung rh Avd liu ; without much 
ado, ^ .:M: ■gl jts'ung ^k'i pin'. Ts'ung k'i pien, 
WM^ S'lu 'k'a pinS ^^ jung i^ Yung I. 

Adolescence, ^ f^^ >^ 0$ nan' 'tsai ko' <shl, -^ B$ 
shid' jshi. SJjau shi, ^ gEJp jt'ung ^shi. T'ung shi, 
#^^ B# li^^' ^shang ^chi ^shi, i)j (J^ yau' .shi. 
Yu shi, %^ B$ sai' ,shi. Si shi, ^ ^ ,nln ^hing. 
Nien hing. 

Adolescent, ^ ^ nun' 'tsai, ^ jt'ung. T'ung, ^ 
^E ^ 5^^^ ki niin'. Nien ki mm, ^ ^ ct'vmg 
chi-. T'ung chi, fg^ chi' ntin^ Chi nun, '>•J^-^ 
'sid 'tsz. Sidu tsz, || ^ chi^ 'tsz. Chi tsz. 

Adopt, to, to take into one's family as son, l{^ ;j^ ^ 
-^ ^shau jWai i' 'tsz. Shau wei i tsz, ^'^^'f' 
nip, jWai I" 'tsz. Nih wei i tsz ; to pm-chase and 
adopt (as is the custom in China), '^ '^^^-f' 
'mii jWai i' 'tsz. Mii wei i tsz, sL^'f' 1^P> ^' 
'tsz. Lib i tsz ; to take for an heir (to succeed to 
the title and property of a family), |^^^ kai' tsz". 
Ki tsz, jj^ f^ lap, tsz'. Lib tsz, ^ ^ lap, ban'. 
Lib hau, -|Y|p; lap, kai'. Lib ki, :f^|^ chik, kai'. 
Tseh ki ; to select, ^ ^ 'kin chak,* Kin tseh ; 
to adopt an opinion, ]^ A .^ ^ nA^^ <yan chi i'. 
Nab jin chi i, i^K^M^ chap, jan ^chi i'. Chih 
jin chi i ; to adopt (as customs), ^ A ^ok, <yan, 
:^ A cts'ung jan ; to adopt (as a fashion), ^ 
pin'. Pin; to adopt Chinese dress, |^|^^ pan' 
jt'ong ^cbong. Pan t'ing cbwing. > 

Adoptedly, ^,^ 'kin .in. Kin jen. 

Adopter, j^^' '^^\\ 'che. Lib che, |iSl!^ kai' tsa^ 
'che. Ki tsz che, ^ \^ bok, ^yan 'che. 

Adoption, the act of adopting a son, 'jji^-f' "^ 
lip, f 'tsz 'ch6. Lih i tsz ch6 ; the state of being 
adopted, ^ ^ ^ ^ j'^vai i' 'tsz 'che. Wei i tsz 
cb6, ^ -y* ^ ^ ^ i' 'tsz (Chi fan' ip,. 1 tsz chi 



ADO 



(28) 



ADU 



fan nich ; cliildren by adoption, ^ ~f' ^^ 'tsz. I 
tsz, ^^-f' ssliin^ kai' 'tsz. Cliin<? kl tsz ; do. of 
a dilFercnt surname, j^- 4p "^ i^i"n J>"n 't^^- 
Ming ling tsz ; nominal adojjtion of a child, ^ 
^ k'ai' 'tsz. K'i tsz ; • brothers by adoption, ife 
X ^ kai' >ing tai^ KI hiung ti, M )t ^ J^^ 
Jiing tai^ Ldn hiung ti. 

Adoptive, an adoptive father, ^ ^ k'ai' ^y^. K'i 
y6 ; an adoptive child, ^ -^ k'ai' 'tsz. K'i tsz ; * 
an adoptive child (in reality,) ^ ■?* i' 'tsz. I tsz. 

Adorable, worthy of divine honors, pj" ^ ^ 'ho 
jShimg pdi'. K'o ts'ung p^i, ^^f^ ^hom shau' 
p4i'. K'an shau p{ii, 2}S]^^^ 'pun jing shau* 
pfii\ Pdn ying sliau pdi, "^'^f^ <to"n ^^^Vi P^^'- 
Ting niih pdl. 

Adorableness, p]'^^ ^ 'ho jShung pdi' 'ch^. K'o 
ts'ung pdi che, ^^^ ^ ,h6m shau' pili' 'ch6. 
K'An shau pai che. 

Adoration, ^ pdi'. Pdi, ^ ^ ^shung pai'. Ts'ung 
pai ; adoration of God, ^ Jl '^ pai' sli(jung' tai'. 
Pd-i shdng ti ; the adoration of the spirits, ^ jjilp 
pdi' jSlian ; the ceremony of adoration, 1^ ^ j^ 
ig fung' king' ^chi 'lai. Fung king chi li. 

Adore, to, ^ pdi'. Pdi, ^ ^ ^shung pdi'. Ts'ung 
pdi ; to adore by prostration, -^^ fukj pdi'. Fuh 
pdi ; do. by kneeling, ^^ kwai' pdi'. Kwei pdi ; 
do. by touching the gi-ound with the forehead, \l\\ 
^ k'au' pdi'. K'au pdi, Ig-g"^ 'k'ai 'shau pdi'. 
K'i shau pdi, jp "^ ^ tun' 'shau pai'. Tun shau 
pai, f^ ^ ^ k'ai 'song pdi'. K'i sdng pai ; do. 
by bowing the head, "Ji"^^ *hd 'shau piii\ Ilia 
shau pdi, ^ '^ ^ ^tai 'shau pdi'. Ti shau pdi ; 
to regard A^'ith the utmost esteem, ^ ^ cjam 
jShung. K'in ts'ung, ^ ^ ^tsiin jShixng. ^Tsun 
ts'ung, ^ ^ jShung fung'. Ts'ung fung, ]^ ^ 
^tsttn king'. Tsun king, ^^ jShung king. Ts'ung 
king, ^ ^ fung' king'. Fung king ; to adore 
(one,) II ^ 'ch'ung oi'. Ch'ung ngdi ; to adore 
i^iutually, ^:^ f|: hh ^s6ung tak^. 

Adorer, worshipper, ff-^ piii' 'che. Pdi ch6, ^ fJ^ 
^ jShung pdi"ch6. Ts'ung pdi ch6; an admir- 
ing lover, fl'^':^ 'ch'ung oi' 'ch6. Ch'ung ngdi 
cIk^, M f? S nik, oi' 'eh6. Nib ngdi che. 

Adorn, to, to make l)cautiful, f|^ •^ ,sau shik,. Sid 
shih, ^ K^ 'ching shik,. Clung shih; to adorn 
one's person, jjSft ^ ,chong shik,. Chwdng shih, 
^U^ jUuin shikj. Wan shih ; to adorn with paint, 
fcfii 'f»n shik,. Fan shih, ^$} ^ch'd 'fan. Ch'd 
fan, )\% ^ yun' shik,. Yun shih; to ornament, 
1n\ lii^k ^ '^^ '^ 'ts'oi sliik,. Kid i ts'di sih, 
.^ ^ yuk, S^^- Juli I'^n; to embellish, || ffi 
'fiii (kdi) shik,. Ilwui sliih ; to decorate, j^ ^ 
^chong shik^. Chwdng shih ; to adorn one's pei*- 
sou with virtue, f^ ^ ,sau ^slian ; to adom one's 
coimtenance, -j^ ^ ^sau jung. Sid yung. 



* These terms are only then used, when the adoption is merely 
nominal. A (gentleman taking only for a short time care of a 
friend's child, is generally called k'ai yc by the latter and vice 
versa. 



AdoiTied, j^ ^*^ ,sau shik kwo'. Sid shih kwo ; 
an adorned heiul, %^,%^M. lenp' ^chonir V(^ 
jt'au; adorned with many trinkets, ^ :^ ^ ^ 
tdi' ch'dp, jM'd 'mi. Tdi ch'dli hwd mei ; one ad- 
orned with virtue, 'i^ ^^ ^ i 'pdu tak^ ,clii sz*. 
Pdu teh chl sz, ^ f^. J$^ ± hau' tak, ^chi sz*. 
Hau teh chi sz. 

Adomer, jj^X ,chong ,kimg. Chwdng kung, j^tg^ 
^jfl ^ ^sau 'ching ^sz fu'. Sid ching sz fd. 

Adorning, omamonting, -^ sau. Sid ; erabellishine, 
^ ^ 'fdi shik.. Hwui sliih ; covering one's self 
with ornaments and gay dresses, ^ ^^^ 
cheuk, tak^ jp'di jCh'eung. Choh teh p'di ch'kng. 

Adown, "p Mid. Kid, ^ jShui. Chui, :^ ~|T tsoi' 
hd'. Tsdi hid. 

Adrift, floating, ^ ^ ^fau fdn\ Fau fin, ^f -^ 
jP'iu ,lau. P'idu lid ; to rock on the waves, j^^ 
^p'iii tong*. P'idu tdng ; to set adrift, JjJ; ^ fong' 
tong'. Fdng tdng. 

Adroit, skilful, Ij^ ^ fdi' 'shau. Kw'di shau, -^ ^ 
fdi'tsit,. Kw'aitsieh, '^^ fdi'pin'. Kw'di pien; 
expert, V^ -^ 'hdu 'shau. K'idu shau, ^ J^ ki* 
'hdu. Kik'idu,t^^g'hdutsit,. K'iautsieh, -(^1:5 
fai' 'h&u. Kw'di k'idu; ingenious, ^^J^, ^ki 'hau. 
Ki k'idu ; smart (with the sense of crafty, wily), 
^1^5 (kwai 'hdu. Kwdi k'idu ; an adroit person, 
ifel' ft ^ A "^^^ kai' tik, ,van. Midu ki tih jin, 
*? tt- "^ A '1'" kai' ke' ,yan. 

Adroitly, skilfully, /|^ S^ fdi' 'hdu. Kw'ai k'idu ; 
to do a thing, skilfully, ^^^"^ tso' 'y6 fdi' 
'hdu. Tso ye kw'ai k'idu ; to do a thmg dexter- 
ously, ^-^^^^ tso' tdk, 'y6 fdi' 'shau. Tso 
teh y6 kw'ai shau. 

Adroitness, dexterity, Vfj^ 'hdu ki'. K'idu ki, ^ 
•^ mid' 'shau. Midu shau ; ingenuity, ^ I^ ki 
hdu. Ki k'idu, f^ ^\ ^ling li'. Ling li, 



jling 'man. Ling min. 



'man tsit^, Min tsieh. 



Adry, thii-sty, ^ ;!§ keng hot^. King k'oh, Pg| jf^ 
jhau hot,. Hau k'oh. 

Adulation, flattery^ ^jfc fung' ^shing. Fung ching, 
(Cant. Coll: 5^ :}^ ,lo 'nan), fg j^ 'ch'im mi'. 
Chen mei, ^g^ 'ch'im ^u. Chen yd, ^^ ning* 
'a. Ling yd ; to servilely flatter one, H^ j^ ^ ^ 
,0 mi' fung* ,shing. 

Adulator, ffj j^ ;f^ 'ch'im mi' 'cli(5. Chen mei c\\6, 
i^UZX "in?^ 'hau ^chi ,yan, U%^ZK 
'h6 fung' jshing .chi jVan, (Cant. Coll : Lo 'nan 
ke' jyan), J^5 ^ ^ A ^'^u ^in chi jVan. K'idu 
yen chi jin ; to detest adulators, {^ t§^ P I5if ^ 
ffl- P|t tsui' ^tsang 'hau ,t'im shit, wdt, ke . 

Adulatoiy, gg ^ fjfj '^ 'ch'im mi' tik, wd'. Chen 
mei tih hwd, '^ ^ ii|^ f J kwo' 'tseung k«S' wd', 

P filf Wirlt ''"" i^''" ^^^^h ^^"t,. K'au t'ien sheh 

hwdh. 
Adulatress, -f^ P ^u A ^'"S' ^^^u 'fd ,yan. Ling 

k'au fd jin. 
Adult, grown up, ^ \ jShing ^yan. Ching jin, ^ 

^ ,shang 'chdung. Sang chdng, 4pjji: ^nin ehong'. 

Nicu chwdng, ^ ^ ,nin sliing*. JJien shiug, i^ 



ADU 



(29) 



ADV 



-^ jiiln "^clieung. Nien cliang, -^ ^ 'cheung tdlr. 
Cli^ng t4. 

Adult, an jf^ f .sliing ^ting. Cliiiig ting, ^ \ tai' 
,yan, T4 jin,^ >^ fj^ A tar hon' tik, .yan. Td 
iidn till jin, i^ :^ :^ '^. c^o ^ch'eung tii" hon'. 
Kau ch'dng td lian. 

Adulter, see adulterer. 

Adultei-ate, to, to del)ase, ^ H jiz 4^ ,k'au tscip, 
\k mat,. K'au tsah kii wuh, ^ ^ ^ts'dm 'kci. 
Ts'an kia, \$^^^ ,ts'dm tsap, \i mat,. Ts'dn 
tsah kia -wuh, 3j<|t jl^ ^cliong 'ka. Clnvdug kid, ^ 
^ ^ts'am tsap,. Ts'in tsah, ; to adulterate mtli 
copper, Ija ifn! ^k'au jt'ung. K'au t'ung ; to adul- 
terate wine, |g f^ YlH ^k'au tdm- 'tsau. 

Adulterate, to, to commit fornication, ^^'j^ i^ang 
kdn ,yam. Hang kien yin. 

Adulteration, fJciUM^^ ^^^' '^^ ^o^^' t^^^ ^^"• 
Tso kid wei clil sz, i^^UM^'^^ c^'au .wan 'kd 
ngai* .chl mat,. K'au yun kid wei clii wuh, ^^ 
"f^ 4^ k'au tsdp, 'ka mat,. K'au tsdh kid wuh. 

AdiUterer, ^ ^ ^kan /d. Kien fd, ^ ;^ ^yam ^fd. 
Yin fd, ^^ ^ jam ,kung. Yin kung, ^ ^ f^ 
k'ai' kd lo. K'l kid lau, '^ ^ "ye hon' 'tsz. 
Ye han tsz, ^ ^ -f- W kon' 'tsz. Ye kan tsz, 
:^^ 'kau 'tong. Kau tang, ^f^ -ye 'lo. j6 Idu. 

Adulteress, ^ ^ ^kdn 'fd. Kien fd, ^ ^^ jam "fd. 
Yin fd, iff i§ ,kdn 'fd. Kien fd, iff ^ ,kan ^ts'ai. 
Kien ts'I, ^ ^ ^ ^ 'yeung k'ai' ^ka 15. Ydng 
k'i kid Idu. 

Adulterine, jg 'kd. Kid. 

Adulterize, ff^)^ s^^ng ^k&,n jam. Hang kien yin. 

Adultei'ous, ^ '^ 1^^ ^kan jam tik,. Kien yin tih, 
^i} ,kdn tik,. Kien tih. ; idolatrous -gl % ^$ 
nik, 'kwai ^shan. Nih kwei shin, ^^^^"^ pdi' 
jP'o sdt, ke' ; an adulterous generation, ^ }^ ^ 
^ ^kkn jam chl shai'. Kien yin chl shI. 

Adultei-y, ^'^ ,kan jam. Kien yin, ^^ ,sz ^kdu. 
Sz kidu, ^1, jg ^sz ^t'ung. Sz t'ung, ^ ^ .funs 



^kan. T'ung kien, ^ ^ je hop,. Ye hoh ;' ditto 



from mutual attraction, 5jHl ^ ^wo ^kan. Ho kien, 
tw^ jts'ing ^kan. Ts'ing kien; rape, ^^^ ^k'eung 
^kdn^ K'idng kien ; adidteij, ^^ ^ ± # ^ # 
^ jji^ pdi' ngdk, sh6ung" taf 'fdn jts'ung ^ts'e 
jShan. Pei yUi shdng tl fan ts'ung sie shin, ^ 
^ gi pai' jp'o sat^. Pai p'd sdh. 

Adumbrant, giving a sUght resemblance, ^ ^ >£ 
'(y jing jung kan- "ts'z. Ying yung kin ts'z, '^ 
@ ffi '^ pat^ sham- ^s6ung ts'id'. Puli shin sidng 
sidu. 

Adumbrate, to, to give a faint Kkeness, ^ HS^ Vi"^a 
cliid'. Ying chdu ; to make a hurried sketch, ^ 
^ '^s6 jnb. Sie md, ^ ^ wak, '^p6. Hwa pu. 

Adumbration, gi^ang a faint resemblance, ^ ^ ;^ 
5^ 16uk, 'se ^mo yeung". Lioh sie md ydng ; a re- 
presentation of an object (in horticulture), J^ "j^ 
j^ wat, 'kd sha'. K'iuh kd slid ; adumbration of 
bkds and beasts, ^ ^ -^ ^ wat^ ^shing ^k'am 
shau". K'iuh cliing k'in shau, J3 ^ 1^ ^ wat, 



tseung^ shau' 



Jiiig- 



K'iuh sidng shau ying. 



Aduncity, hookedness, 
Liuen kau clie. 



^ ^ ^liin ^kau 'die. 



Aduncous, 



Idn kau tik . Liuen kau tih ; 



shing ^ts'in. Shing 
|§ f>|i; ,t'ai .shing. 



an aduncous bill, f^ ^ [^ ch'ing' ^kau 'tsui. 
Ch'ing kau tsui. 

Ad valorem, H^^ f^ chid' ka'. Chdu kid ; ad valorem 
duty, H^ ft Jt ffe chid' kd' 'sheung shui'. Chdu 
kid shdng sliwui. 

Advance, to, to move forward, "^yf fj jts'in jhang. 
Ts'ien hang, ^ f^ .ts'in Vong. Ts'ien wdng, 5^ 
■|y: tsun' jts'ln. Tsin ts'ien, J^ ^ 'sheung jts'fn. 
Shdng ts'ien, fn] ^ heung' .ts'In. Hidng ts'ien, 
llui sts'In liii'. Ts'ien k'ii; to make progress (in 
learning), Q ^ jIg yat, yat, tsun'. Jilijihtsin, 
WiWif^^ tsim- tsim- ^shing ^kung. Tsien tsien 
ching kung ; to advance in price, ^ ^ ct'ang 
kwai'. T'ang kwei, ^ ^ B M &' ka? ^at, 'hi. 
Ho kid jih k'l ; to advance in office, |ii^ ^sliing, 
Shing, [5f chik,. Chih, (J^^ 
ts'ien ; to be raised in office, jj^ |.^ . 
T'l shing; to continue to advance (in office), j^ 
P^ jlin ^shing. Lien shing ; to advance money, 
;5t,{ij^J ^sin cli'ut, jUgan. Sien ch'uli yin; to ad- 
vance the price, ^ |^ 'hi ka'. K'i kid ; to ad- 
vance one's own opinion, |^ ^ g^ "^ fdt (Uiing 

'ki 1'. Fdh ming ki i, 5{f i a pi^ i ^'tu ^ 

jtseung tsz- 'kl ke' 1' 'kong ch'ut^ ^loi, ^ {i} 2( -% 
'kong ch'ut^ 'ki 1'. Kiang ch'uh ki i ; to advance 
money, Jl ^ ttj ^ sheung- jk'i ch'ut, jUgan. 
Shdng k'i ch'uh yin ; to advance a step, |J^ — -^ 
^shing yat^ k'ap^. Shing yih kih ; to advance mo- 
ney on a conti-act, [i{ fj f^ ^ ch'ut, ting' kii' 
jUgan. Ch'uh ting ka yin ; to advance for assault, 
^ ]^ tsun' ^kung. Tsin kung, ^^ ^ tsun' kik,. 
Tsin kill ; do. for extermination, i^^lj tsun' 'tsid. 
Tsin tsidu; to advance capital, f^2Ji tse' 'pun. 
Advance, progression, "1^ ^ ,ts'in Svong. Ts'ien 
wdng, [hJ I^ heung' jts'ln. Hidng ts'ien ; advance 
of troops, ^^^ cPiiig (Chl tsun'. Ping chl tsin; 
advance upon an enemy, ^ ^ ^ts'In tik^. Ts'ien 
tih, jlilS: ii- tik,. Yd tih, ^fj^ tsun' chin'. Tsin 
chen; do. in virtue, ^ ^ ts'in shin'. Ts'ien 



shen ; do. in knowledge. 



m 



kwong 



chl'. 



Kwdng chi, ^ ^ yik, clii'. Yih chi, ^ ^ ^^, 
^tsang chi' wai'. Tsang chi hwui ; daily advance 
in knowledge, :^ ^ B ^ chi' wai' yaf, ^tsang. 
Chi hwui jih tsang; the first bid (in auction), ;5t 
yj 1^ ^sln ch'ut^ kd'. Sien ch'uh kid ; advance 
upon a contract, ^ ^ teng^ ^ngan. Ting yin ; 
do. of wages, Jt Jll] §.B sheung- ,k'i ^ngan. Shang 
k'i yin ; do. upon wages, ^ g^ P|| §.| fong' ^t'au 
ke' ^ngan ; to be upon advance, ^ ^ 41 hivcL 
fong' jt'au jUgan. K'ien fdng t'au yin ; to make 
advances in discoveries, ^^ ^ B Hj ^san ^k'i yat, 

ch'ut,.^ Sin k'l jih ch'uh, aj n^^mm^uw 

ch'ut^ 'hii ^to ,sau ^sin ke' 'j6 ; promotion, |I^ ^ 
^sliing k'ap^. Sliing kih, JJW0_ ^ka k'ap^ Kid kih. 

Advance guard, ;5t 1$ (Sin ^fung. Sien fung. 

Advance-money, (on wages), Jl AQ ^ sheung^ ^k'i 



ADV 



(30) 



ADV 



,ngan. Shinj,' k'l yin ; advance money on other 
work, ^ ;^ ^ ii- ch( ^nj^an. Y6 clii yin. 
Advanced (in y(^rs), ^ ^ juln ^k6. Nien k4u, -^ 
^ '16 mii'. Liu mdi, ^ ^ ,nln '16. Nien liu, 

^ IE ^ M s"^'^ '^^ '^" "^^*'- Nien kl liu mii, 
%^ .k'l '16. K'l Idu, 1^^ ^wonpf'kau. Ihving 
kau, ^ ^ shau^ 'hdu. Shau k'idu, @ % 'cli'l 
^tsiin. Ch'I tsun ; an advanced work, ^ ^ ^^ 
p'du' jt'oi ,hdng. P'du t'ii kano;. 

Advancement, ])rof]^ess, i^\ ^^^ ^ts'ln jCh'in». Ts'ien 
ch'ing ; do. of w^ork, ^ ^ tsun' yik,. Tsin yih ; 
promotion, \i^^ ,shing k'ap . Shing kih ; Settle- 
ment on a wife, 5l§ ^ ^ M ^ ^ chuk, ,fan ^ksi 
'ch'An ^a ^ts'ai. Chub fan kia cli'^n yd ts'i. 

Advancer, -^ :^^ ^ ^ts'in 'wong 'che. Ts'ien wdng 
c\i6 ; promoter, ^ ^ ^ ^ 'kdi ^nong jWai slifn\ 
Kidi ning wei shen. 

Advantiige, gain, ^ yik,. Yih, f |J 11'. L(, 3^|J ^ It' 
yik,. Li yih, |^ ^ sP'l yik,- P'i yiii ; to seek af- 
ter gain,'|g>^|J ^t'6 li^ T'd 11, ||7^|j ^mau 11'. Mau 
U, ^ )^|) chuk, ir. Chuli II, 1^ j^lj ,u UK Yd K, 
^ ^.|J ,k'au 1I^ K'au 11, ^ ^lj",ts'u 11^ Ts'ii 11; 
interest, ^|] ^g^ li' sik,. Li sih ; superiority, yj"* ^ 
^ X s^s'oi kon' jeng jan. Ts'di kan ying jin, 
^ ^ i^ A- P*^^ ^^'^ kwo' syan. Pdn sz kwo jin, 
^tJ* ,yeng jts'oi. Ying ts'di ; to have the advan- 
tage over others, ^ \ shing' jan. Shing jin, 
^ A iJ^^S iY^^- Ying jin ; to know to turn 
everything to advantage, g^"^>^lj^ kai' k'apj 11^ 
hoi'.* Ki kih 11 hi\, j^ f\] £r ^ ,wai U^ shl' ,t'6. 
'W'^ei 11 shi t'u ; it is of advantage to me, ^^j^ 
^ 'yau yik^ ,ii 'ngo. Yd yih yd wo ; of no advan- 
tage to me, M^t^^ i^^ yik, <« 'ngo. Wd yih 
yd wo ; to show a thing to the best advantage, 
if 't'' A ^Cj> kai' cliung' ^yan ^sam. Ki chung jin 
sin ; advantiigc of bii-th, ^^ ^ jjfS p^ tsikj fd' fuk, 
yam'. Tsih fd fuh yin. 

Advantage-ground, ^| ^ %\] tak, tl* ll^ Teh t( II, 
M ^di M je"g ti^ iP'un- Ying tl pw'in. 

Advantage, to, to benefit, ^ yik,. Yih, 5^|J II'. LI ; 
it will benefit him, ^\] fg I'i' ,t'»l. LI t'd. 

Advantaged, benefited, ^ ^^ yik, kwo'. Yih kwo ; 
distinguished by talent, ^ tJ" ^ -ftfi, 'yau jts'oi 
shing' ^A. Yu ts'di slung t'd. 

Advantageous, profitable, 5^ |^ 'yau yik, ; useful, 
^f^ 'yau yimg*. Yd yxmg; opportune, ^ hang^ 
Hing, ^ -^ shl' liang'. Shl hing ; convenient, 
-^ ^ ^fong pln^ Fang pien, j|p /j^" shun' pin'. 
Shun pien ; Ijeneficial, j^ljj^i li' ])ln-. LI i)ien. 

Advantageously, ^Ij \i\ LI ; advantngeouslv placed 
(as things), *^^ IF^ iH5 f Ij A ,on ehl' mat, '1 11' 
^yan. Ngdn ehl vvuh 1 11 jin ; advantageously si- 
tuated (as a house), ^J- ^jt. '•'» T''^'>' "»i'- Hdu 
p'd wei ; do. (of a person), fif- J^ jg 'lio 'king u'. 
lUu king yu, iftjPlill'fe '•»<^ tl' wai'. Hdu tl wei. 

Advantageousne^s, ?^J^ 11' yik,. LI yih. 

Advent, a coming down, f^ |^ kong' ,1am. Kiang 
lin. ~J\^ hd' jlam. Hid lin ; the first advent of 
QUI- Loi-d. Iff] 6' [^ iii: ,Y»5 ^»u kong' shai'. Y<S sii 



kiang shl ; the second do., ^M^^^.Ye sd 
^ts6ung kong' jlam. Y*'; sd tsiang kidni; lin ; a des- 
cent of Shdngtl (the ^^^), jt-^fr^ Eg sh^ung' 
tai' kdm' Jam. Shdng tl kien lin ; a superna- 
tural birth, ^ ^ kong' ,shang. Kidng sang, ^ 
^ kong' shai'. Kidng shl. 

Adventitious, j^ ^^ ^ 'ngau .In tik,. Ngau jen tih, 
-p. ,^ (fij chd' jln tik . Chd jen tih ; not essential 
to, 'M ^ 0. ,m6 'kan id'. Wu kin ydu. 

Adventure, incident, f,^ jfA ;^ ^ 'ngau jIn ehl sz'. 
Ngau jen ehl sz, jl^ ^ ^ ^ shik ,In clil sz'. 
Shih jen chl sz, -pffJ^J^t ^"'^^^ <^" <^W sz'. Chi 
jen chl sz ; contingency, :^ ^ ffn p^ pat ^k'l ^l 
jIn. pub k'l rh jen ; risk, 'l=f^.i,^- M^g 'hini 
^chl sz'. Hang hien chl sz. 

Adveiiture, to, to hazard, ^ ^ ^ R^ kdT ,hang 
'Mm. Kd I hang hien, g ^ ^ list tsz' sts'am 
- jUgai 'him. Tsz sin wei hien. 

Adventurer, ff 1^ ^ jlia^" ''»lni ch^. Hang hien 
ch6, ^ ^ shai' hung. Shl hung. 

Adventurous, bold, |^ flB 'kom 'tdm. Kdn tdn, ^ 
^ 'tdm 'kom. Tan kdn ; very daring, ''T gg 'ht> 
'tdm. Hdu tan, ^ ^ 'yune 'kom. Yung kdn, 
:^ ga tdi' 'tim. Td tdn," }^ ^ ^ ,cliau^shan 
'tdm. Cliau shin tdn ; rash, ^^'(fy jhang 'him 
tik,. Hang liien tih, ^ ^ ^ij shai' ^hung tik,. 
Shl hung tih. 

Adventurousness, ^ ^ shai' Jiung. Shi hung, ff 
H^;^ jhang 'him 'chd. Hang hien ch6. 

Adverb, ^ ^ shai' tsz'. Shi tsz. 

Adverbial, ^ 'A^^- ^ shai' tsz' tik,. Shl tsz tih. 

Advei-sary, %\ ^ tdi' tik,. Tdi tih, % S^ tdi' ,t'au. 
Tdi t'au, % ^ ^ch'au tik,. C'hau tih, % \ 
jCh'au jan. Ch'au jin, 1^ ||i5; ^ch'au tikj. Ch'au 
till, it M jch'au ,kd. Ch'au kid, % ^^ ,un ,kd. 
Yuen kid. 

Adversative, ^ j^^ |^(; 'fdn I' tik,. Fdn I tih ; ad- 
versative conjunction, ^ffj ii} ]§:;tM ^ '*'^" 
^ts'Inkii' I' ^chi kai' tsz'. Fdn ts'ien kii I chl kl 
tsz. 

Advei-se, contrary, 5^ ngdk,, ^ yik,. yih ; calami- 
tous, |5<j Jumg, '^ ^ pat, jKs'eung. Pub ta'idng, 
Pi '# ^^ ["1^] .tsoi hoi' tik,. Tsdi hdi tih, ^ ^, 
^tsoi yeung. Tsdi ydng; adverse wind, 'i^[^J8l. 
ngdkj ,fung. ,Yih fung ; adverse current, tj^ jjc 
ngdkj 'shut, ^ tJC yik, 'shui. Yih shwui, 0^ ^ 
ngdkj jlau; advei"se fortune, ^ ^ tong ^shui. 
Tdng shwui. 

Adversely, unfortimatoly, "^ $ pat, hang*. Puh 
hang. 

Adversity, calamity, |j^ wo'. Ho, if^ t.soi. Tsdi, 
IS^igJ, wo' wan'. Ilo bwdn ; allliction, Jfg^ ^ kdn 
,ndu. Kien ndn, ^H 'fd ndn'. K'd ndn, ^^ 
'fd 'ch'o. K'd ts'd, ffi il ,tsoi ndn'. Tsdi ndn, <J^ 
^ tsoi yiUmg. Tsdi ydng, ^i^, ^ wdn' ndn'. 
Hwdn ndn; distress, ^ ^ tsal Jt'-uni:. Ts'l 
lidng, ^^1^ ts'ai ^te'dm. Ts'i ts'dn, \^ig kw'an' 
pik,. Kwan pih. 

Advert, to, to i-cfer to, ^\ 'yan. Yin, j^ shut,. Shub; 



ADV 



(31) 



ADV 



Cf 



to 



^'i 



to notice, ^ kok,. Kioh, ^ kln\ Kien, ^ 
kok, ng;\ Kioh, wd, f^-^ ng^ 'hi. Wd k'i, 1 
ch'uk> 111. Ch'uh k'l ; to regard, @ kii'. Ku 
attend to, ^^ ^ 'seung 'hi. Si^ng k'l. 

Advertency heedfulnes, ^i^ ^lavi ^sam. Lid sin 
J^^^ sai' ^sam. SI sin ; regard, ^ kd'. Kd. 

Advertent, heedful, ^ i\j) ,lau ^sam. Lid sin. 

Adverting, regarding, ^ ^ Inn- k'ap,. Lun kih. 

Advertise, to, to give notice, -^ Q ko' pdk,. Kau 
peh, $^ ^ p5' kb'. Pu kau ; to inform," ^ ^ 
ko' ,chl. K^u chl, fg ^U po' ^chi. Pd chl ; to 
communicate intelligence, ^^ |^ J^^ po' sid sik^. 
Pd sidu sih ; to insert in a paper, ^^r^lK niai' 
san ^man 'chl. Mdii sin wan chl. 

Advertisement, notice in a paper, -^ ^ ko' pAk,. 
Kau peh ; notice issued by the gentry, ^ yf; 
'pong shl". P^ng shI, i^ j^ ^piu jhung. Piau 
hung, ;^ ^vl jCh'eung jhung. Ch'ang hung; a 
notice (issued by merchants &c.), ^^^^ ^kAi^cliiu. 
Kial cliiu ; an offer for reward, ^ |x ^ ^f^ 
jhung ^tflin. Hwa hung tdn, '^ i(^ 'sheung kak,. 
Shdng keh, 'gl^ 'sheung t'lp^. Shang t'ieh, [y^, 
ch'ut,, to issue, is the verb, used for all the pre- 
ceding kinds of notices and advertisements.] 

Advertiser, ^fi^ k5' pdk, 'che, Hj^f ^^ ch'ui 
''pong shl- 'che. Ch'uh p^ng shi che ; as a name 
of a newspaper, ^ ^^ c^'^iig po'- T'ung pd. 

Advertising, publishing infoiination, * ^ ^ ^ j^K 
mii- ^san ^man 'chl. M4i sin wan chl. 

Advice, counsel or instruction given, ^ kau'. Ki^u, 
fl^f || k^u' fan'. Ki^u fan, ^ ^ kiu' fui'. Ki^u 
hwui ; admonition, ^^ hiin' kau'. K'iuen kiau, 
^ j^ hiin' kai'. K'iuen ki^i, ^ ^ hiin' ^ii- 
K'iuen yen ; direction, ^^ j^ 'k'ai tik,. K'I tih, 
^^ ,hoi to*. K'ai tciu ; a letter of advice, ^^'(p 
po' sun'. Pd sin, ^ ^^fg ^k^u ^ngan sun'. Kidu 
yin sin ; to ask advice, g^ | 
ki^u ; to take advice, '^^ 
intelhgence, jf^^j^^ ,sid sik 
deliberation, ^§- 'i. I. 

Advice-boat, '^ ^ f^i' *t'eng. Kw'dli t'ing, -^ ^ 
[^] jch'eung Jung ['t'eng.] Ch'ang lung [t'ing], 
iW^M 'tsau po' 't'eng. Tsid pu t'ing. 

Advisable, open to advice, ^ ^ 'ling kin\ Ling 
kidu ; proper, ]g ^ ^ying ^tong. Ying td,ng, -^ 
<i- t'g.^S A- t d, i@ f^ ,ying ,koi. .Ying k^i. 

Advisableness, jSff ^ 'sho ,1. So 1, ^ ^ 'sho ,tong. 
So tdng, ^ ^ ^yirig fan-. Ying fan. 

Advise, to, to counsel, ^^ hiin' kau'. K'iuen kiau; 
to give an opinion, ^ ^ P^J^ ;^ WcA" 'ngo ke' L', 
Hi^i^ ch'ut, 'pun I'. Ch'uh pun I; to admonish, 
11/ hiin'. K'iuen; to inform, ^ po'. Pu, ^ tat,. 
Tih, % ^ p5' ^chi. Pd chl, ^ ^ tkt, chl. Tdh 
chl. 

Advised, informed, ^f^lj chl to'. Clil tfui, ^'^jfU 
tslp, 't5 po'. Tsieh tau pu, ^ -^ ]fi J, tslp, 'to 



'ts'ing kdu'. Ts'ing 
'ling k^u'. Ling kiau; 
, Siiu sih, 1^ p5'. Pd; 



siu sik,. Tsieh t^u siau sih, 



^ ^ ^shau 't5 



• When this term is used for exposing one through the columns 
of a paper, the personal object follows then after mi'i?. 



^yam sun'. Sliau tau yin sin ; ill-advised, jgfj ^, 
,sho fat,. Su fah, ^ a^ ts'6' ts'z'. Tsdu ts'z, ^ 
^ ts'o' po'. Ts'au pau; well-advised, /)> ((^ 'siu 
^sam. Siau sin, ^^ g shan' chung^ Shin chung ; 
be advised by me, ^^^ (t'eng 'ngo kau'. T'ing 
wo kiau ; to be advised on, ^ ^ ^ c^iung 'chi 
kau'. Mung cM kiau •, as adidsed, ^ ^ ^tsun 
Un\ Tsun kiau, ^ fj^ ,1 kau'. I kiau, Hg, g^ pf^J- 
chiu' ^fan fu\ Chau fan fd. 

x4.dvisedly, /J>j\j> 'siu ^sam. Siau sin, -^ ^{{j 'tsz sai'. 
Tsz si, |1| 'l^ 'kan shan'. Kin shin ; to act cauti- 
ously, ^ ^§, i^ ^ s&m' ^sz jl jhang. San sz rh 
hang, ^ ,S> ffn ff shuk, ^sz ji Jiang. Shuh sz rh 
hang ; purposely, [§ ^'ku' I'. Ku 1, 4f ^ tak> 
I'. Teh I. 

Advisedness, prudence, |||i^ 'kan shan'. Kin shin; 
deliberateness, ^ "^ sai' i'. Si 1, |p '|^ 'sham 
shan". Shin shin. 

Adviser, ^^^ hiin' kau' 'che. K'iuen kiau che, 
^ i jmau 'chii. Mau chu ; a member of the 
council, ^ ^ Js'Am ^mau. Ts'an mau; do. in 
the national councils, 0i j^ ^ i^ Js'am ^chl 
ching' sz^ Ts'dn chl ching sz ; a magistrate's ad- 
viser, 0f|l^ c^^^ J^- ^^ y^' ^W mok, ^pan. Moh 
pin, ^ ^ noi" mok,. Nui moh ; a military ad- 
viser, ^ ^^ ^kwan jSz. Kwan sz ; advisers, ^ :^ 
]^ J^ sai*' J cliik, 'chl. Siu 1 chih chl. 

Advocacy, ^^^H^ tso' Jam 'po. Tso tdn piu ; vin- 
dication, ^^ 'pid I'. Pidu 1 ; do. from a motive 
of charity, j^ I* hi'. I k'i. 

Advocate, one who pleads the cause of another, cfl 
-f^ ^chung 'po. Chung piu, ;j^a ^ Jam 'pb. Tin 
pdu, ^^ 'p5 ^U. Piu kii, f^ A 'po Jan. P4u 
jin, r^X ^chung ,yan. Chung jin, f^^ 'po 'chQ. 
Piu chd ; a mediator, ^ g^ ^wo J'au. Ho t'au, 
i^ $ tso- ch'an'. Tso ch'uen ; attorney, ^jc $riJ 
cliong- ^sz. Chwang sz ; an old hand, (an attorney 
who is well up in all the tricks of his profession), 
jik^ chong- kwan'. Chwing kwan ; an advocate 
for peace, }^ ^ ^ 'ch'a ^avo 'che. Cli'u ho che, 
^5^P|£ hiin' ,wo ke'. K'iuen ho che. 

Advocate, to, to plead in favor o{, ^ \^^ t'ai' 
<yaii pin- sz'. T'i jin pin sz ; to act the part of a 
peace maker, ^ A $ ^ t'ai' ^yan ch'an' hop,. 
T'I jin ch'uen hoh. 

Advocating, defending one in Court, f^ A'Mi& toi' 
^yan ^piu tsung'. Tii jin piu sung, i^. ^ 'B^ "^ 
jiu 'ti ^kun ^sz. Piu ta kwin sz, -^ |^ pw) gS 
jiiu 'lim Js'z tsung-. Pau lin ts'z sung ; advo- 
cating peace, ^^^1 ho' ^wo. Hiu ho. 

Advowee, ^t^lf^^.^ 'yau shau' chik, ,chl ,k'tin. 
Yd shau chlh chf k'iuen, ^"^^ Z^U cts'6 
^shing kong' ^chi jk'iin. Ts'au shuig kiang chi 
k'iuen ; advowee paramount, ^ i * kau' 'chii. 
Kiau chu. 

Advowson, f[-[^;^|§,shing kong'^chl jk'iin. Shing 
kiang chl k'iuen. 



^A 



& 



± 






AEO 



(32) 



AFF 



Adz, ^jf ,kan. kin. 

Aeolian i^M.^ ^hukj ,fung jShan; aolian harp, ^ 

^ (fung jln. Fung hien ; an aeolian cymbal, ^ 

if^ fxm^ tokj. Fung toh. 
Aeolus, ^If (fung (Shan. Fung shin; Chinese god 

of the wind, ^^ ^ .ft Jim. Fl lien, ^ ^j^ ^kl 

pdk,. Ki i)(!h ; goddess do. ^ ^ mang* ,p'o. 

Mang p'o ; the 18 goddesses of the wind, -|- /V 

iJI shapj pdt, jl. Shih pah 1. 
Aerial, belonging to the air or atmosphere, ^ ^ 

shukj hi'. Shuh k'l ; consisting of air ^ hi'. K'l; 

produced by air, ^ j5/f ^ hf 'sho shang. K'i 

80 sang ; inhabiting the air, ^ ^ f^ ^ chfl' 

,hung ^chung 'ch6. Chii k'ung ehung ch6; high, 

lofty, ^ ,k6. Kiu; aerial spires, '$j^}^^ ,kd 

t'fip, jUng ,hung. K4u t'dh ling k'ung, i^^^ 

g^ jling jwan ^kb kok,. Ling yun kdu koh. 
Aerie, the nest of a bird of prey, H ^ ;^ ^ jing 

lui' ^cW ^eh'du. Ying lui chl ch'au. 
Aerification, the act of becoming air, j|^ ^ kwo' hi'. 

Kwo k'l, ^ ^ <ching hi'. Ching k'i ; the state 

of being aeriform, ^ hi'. K'I. 
Aeriform, ^^:t,M. M^^ s™ung ^clil hi'. K'ung 

mung chl k'i, ^ |f^ hi' tseung'. K'I sikng. 
Aei-ify, to, to infuse air into, ^ ^ 'kd hi'. Kii k'l. 
Aerodynamics, ^MM^Jr^i^^ 1"^' ^^^' t"ng^ 

'sho chl' ^chi MI. Lun k'l tung so chi chi II. 
Aerognosy, ^^$^fm ^^^' ^^^^^> ^^^' l^^^*- ^'* chih 

ohi lun, m'M^M^)rMZm hi' chat.^ k'ap, 

hi' 'sho chi' ^chi HI. K'i chih kih k'l so chi cM li. 
Aerography, ^ ^ ;<: f^ hi' '11 ^chl lun^ K'I H chl 

lun. 
Aerolite, |J^^ 'wan sliek,. Yun shih, ^'X^ ^^^ '^o. 

T'ien ho. 
Aerometer, Jl; ^ ^ J^ung hi' t5'. Liang k'l td. 
Aerometiy, S Mti^ ^ ^^K '^i' 't'ai ,chl *1I. Toh 

k'i t'l chi 11. 
Aerology, ^MZ^ ,t'in hi' ^clil *1I, Tien k'l 

chi II. 
Aeronout, an aerial navigator, @ ;^ ^ Pfl 'shai ^fl 

jhung ^chung, ^ j^ ^ ^ 'shai ^ii ^hung 'ch6. 

Shi yii k'ung chi6. 
Aeronautics, the science of sailing in the air by 

means of a balloon, BM%^UlM^Z^ '^ W' 

jk'au 'shai ^fl ,hung ^chl 'II. I k'i k'au shI vii k'ung 

clii li. ® :J^ ^ ^ ^ 'sliai ,ii Jiung ,chi '11. Shi 

yu k'ung chi II. 
Aerostatics, J^f^'Z^ ch'ing' hi' ^chl 'II. Ch'ing 

k'l chl II ; the science of aerial navigation, i^ ^ 

^ZM 'shai ,u Jiung ^chl 'II. Shi yu k'ung 

chi II. 

Acruginous, ^^Z'^ s^'ung luk, chi mat^. T'ung 

luh chi wuh, j^^^U "Cut .V^^ jt'ung luk, k6'. 

Pflu t'ung luh ke. 

Aesthetics, philosophy of taste, ^^Z^ i^^'^I '"^I 

,chi 'II. Kid mei dii 11, ^^ZM 'sham 'ml 

,chi 'II. Shin mei ehl 11. 

Afar, at a distant place, 



'iin. 



Yuen, m it ." 
'iin. LI yuen, j^ j|| ^iu 'iin. YAu yuen ; fi-om a- 



far, ^ j^ ,yau 'un. Yu yuen ; alar olf, gt jit ^ 
<^ JI Hs'z 'h6 'an. Li ts'z hdu yuen. 

Affability, courteousness, JjfQ Si ^s6ung '3. Si^ng 
y'l' ^p i^^^^ 8llIn^ Shun'shen, ^^MZ^^ 
tak, ts'ii' jChi ,kwong 'king. Teh ts'u chi kwang 
king. 

Affable, courteous, ^ :;|!{| M 'h6 ^s<'ung *a. H&u 
siting yd ; accessible, ^ ^ ,h6 hdp^. Ildu kiih, 

S J5^ ^ ^ '1»I c^^ M^^ tsip,- lii vd kidu tsieh, 
^ ^ luV hdk,. llku k'eh, ^ ^ 'hi hak,. Ill 
k'eh ; mild, f^ ^ ,\van jVau. Wan jau, ^ ^ 
,wan jl^ung, AVan lidng, J^ jf<] wan ,wo. AVan 
ho, ^ % shin' jl»^'ung. Shen lidng, ^ j^ ^wan 
hau'. AVan hau ; civil, ^ ^ 'yau 'lai. Yii II ; 1)e- 
nign ^ ^ jyau 'iin. Jau yuen ; condescending, 
^j^ ^him sun*. Rien sun, ^J^ ^hlm ^hu. Hien 
hu, ^ ^<1 him jWO. Hien ho. 

Affa1)leness, see Affability. 

Affably, courteously, ^ ;j;g M 'ho ^sdung 'ii. -Hdu 
sidng yu ; to treat people courteously, ^ ^ \ 
shin' toi' jyan. Shen t4i jin, |§.^ 'oi ,In. Ngdi jen. 

Affair, ^^ sz' kon'. Sz ksln, ]p-^ sz' ipj. Sz nieh, 
^ft^ sz- kin-. Sz kien, ^ ^ 'fiin sz'. Kw'dn sz, 
^ 'j^ sz' jts'ing. Sz ts'ing, ^ ^ sz' matj. Sz 
wuh, ^ jf^ sz' m6'. Sz wii, ^ j^ sz' tsik,. Sz 
tsih, ^ ^ sz' ^ti'in. Sz twdn, j^^ kd'. Kd ; insig- 
nificant atlairs, yJ^ ^ 'sid sz'. Siau sz ; important 
affairs, _;^ ^ tiii' sz'. Td sz ; state affairs, [^ ^ 
kwok, sz'. Kwoh sz ; a pressing affair, ^ ^ ^ 
'kan iu' sz*. Kin yfiu sz ; family affaii-s, ^c ^ M^ 
sz'. Kid sz ; a lucky affair, ^ ^ kat, sz'. Kih 
sz ; an unlucky affair, ^ ^ ,li"ng sz'. Hung sz. 

Affect, to, to influence, ^ 'k5m. Kdn, ^ j:^ 'k6m 
kdk,. K6,n keh ; to affect the heart, ^ |^ 'k^m 
tung'. Kdn tung, ^ |^ 'kom fdt,. Kin fdii, j|fc 
^ kik, fdtj. Kih fab ; to affect (as a diseased 
limb affects other parts), ^ ^kwhn. Kwdn; to 
affect (as vices), ^ 'im. Yen ; to affect the olfac- 
tories, :^ ^ p'ok, pi*. P'oh pi ; to affect (aspire 
to) the crown, gUj^ ^mau ts'im'. Mau ts'ieu, ^ 
^^fi ,maUjCh'iu ts'im' wai'. Mau ch'^u ts'ien 
wei ; to pretend, |^ f^ chi' tsok . did tsoh, (^ 
f^ ^yt'^ung tsok,. Ydng tsoh ; to affect ignorance 
of, tt?# :^ ^ chii' tsok, pat, ,chi. Chd tsoh puli 
chl, i^-^ yfpi jvcung ,wai pat, ^chl. Y&ng wei 
pub clii, -g^ pg- ^ ch4' ,m ,chf, i^ sy\ ^mii ^t'au, 

MM <"^^' ^^- ^^'" ^"' ^^^/^S® »"^"* i"^^^ s^'a" 
jl6. J\II mai t'au lu ; to affect to sleep ^ 3g)|j chd' 

fan'. Chi fan, ^ ^ 'kfi mi'. Ki& mei ; to alfect 
to be clever, ^t^ lung' 'hiu. Lung k'idu, -^X^ 
^ :|{i5 lung' 'hfui 'fin chut,. TiUng k'idu fin 
chueh ; it does not affect this, p^ |^ |J/d |[i^ ^ ,m 
,kwin ^nl tik, sz' ; to affect to be virtuous, ^ ^ 
fj^-f' ngai' ,wai ^kwan 't.sz. Wei wei kiun t«z ; to 
affect niodesty, 1^ ft SSI '^^^ ^^^. s^^"^ 'cl»*au. 
Kill tsoh wei ehau ; to affect integrity, JSj^ ,kiu 
jUm. Kiiu lien. 
Affectation, false pretense, -jg |§ 'ki ngai'. Ki& 
wei, f^ chd'. Chii, ^ mfiu'. Mau ; artificial ap- 



AFF 



pearanco, II5 t^^i^f ^ 'ka P^ri^ c^^ jinan. Kia pan 
sz wan, ^'^^■^ cliong ^Avai ^kAvan 'tsz. Chwkng 
wei kiun tsz, ^^ tsii" ,kung. Tsii kung ; fond- 
ness, ^ '^ jVIn oi'. P'ien ngai. 

Affected, (with gratitude), ^ ^ 'kom kik,. Kan 
kill, \i0^ Vb -t'lm. T'an t'ien, \ij]^ ^t'6 ^mting. 
T'an mung; moved (in either way, good or bad), 
^ H^ 'kom tung-. Kan tung, y^ ^ ^chim 'kom. 
Chen k<4n ; affected with painful recollections, 
^ 1'^ 'kom k'oi'. Kan k'ai ; affected with com- 
miseration, ^ ^ ^sh6ung 'kdm. Shang kan, f^^ 
^ j)I 'kom. Pi kan, f^^Ci) ^sheung ^sam. Shang 
sin; affected with disease, Yi^ ^ ^chim peng-. 
Chen ping, ^ ^ "im peng\ Yen ping ; to he 
affected by, ^ ^ ^kom tung*. Kan tung ; false 
show, 'fg 1^ ka pan-. Kia pdn ; affected with 
fear, ^ ^ ^ tip, tip, t'iu'. Tieh tieh t'iau ; pre- 
tended, -fg f^ 'ka tsok,. ICiA tsoh, ^ -^ jeung 
^wai. Yang wei ; well affected to the state, ^ ^ 
^ IS chung kwan oi' kwok,. Chung kiun ngai 
kwoli ; affected by external tilings, ^\' ^ f')x Wi 
ugoi" mat, 'sho tung^ wei wuh so tung ; an af- 
fected style, = M ^ M s^n kwo' ,k'i sliat,. Yen 
kwo k'i sliih, '^'^^ ^ \ ^man pat, ts'iu' ^k'i 
^yan. Wan puli siau k'i jin. 

Affectedly, studiously, |^j^ ku\ln. Ku jen, |§^ 
kti'f. Kui. 

Affectedness, see affectation. 

Affecting, ^||| 'k5m tung'. Kan tung, ^^ 'kom 
fat,, kdn fall, ff| 7^ tung- 'hi. Tung k'i ; an af- 
fecting scene, ^SM^^ cP^ ^sh^ung ^chi sz". Pi 
shang chl sz, |^ iO ^ ^ ^sheung sam ^chi sz". 
Shang sin chl sz, pf ^J ;^ ^ ^ 'lio ,pi ,oi ^chl 
sz\ K'o pi ngai chi sz. 

Aifectingly, in a manner to excite emotion, |^ ^ 
5^ ^ tung^ 'hi jts'z ^sam. Tung k'i ts'z sin, ^ 
^ ^ j\j) 'kom fdt^ shin'' ^sam. Kan fdh shen sin. 

Affection, love, '^ *||| of jts'ing. Ng;ii ts'ing ; ten- 
dei-ncss, j^ ^ jts'z oi'. Ts'z ngai ; tender affec- 
tions (as between husband and wife), |^ ^ 
'ch'imsr oi'. Ch'unsj ngdi ; attachment, ^M. Ian" 
rah'. Liuen mii ; the seven affections, -t'j^ ts'at, 
,ts'ing. Tsih ts'ing * ; to have affection, >^ '1"^ 
•yau jts'ing. Yii ts'ing ; mutual affection, ^ ^ 
^seung oi'. Siang ngai, '|^ ^ i^^'^^S s^'^^- Ts'ing 
t'au, 'l^^ 5Ji| :^ jts'ing ^seung ^t'au. Ts'ing sidng 
t'au ; to regard with affection, ^ ^ kiin' ku'. 
Kiuen ku ; a father's affection for his child, ;3c 
^Wi ^^' c^^^ s^^'^- ^^ ^^^ *^'^ ' disease, ^ peng^. 
Ping ; an affection of the heart, v\j>5^ c^^"^ peng-. 
Sin ping ; to place the affections on, ^ Q^ :j^|> ^ 
pat J jShi kwd' nlm^ /^ ^ chii' kiin'. Chu kiuen ; 
lasting affection for one, ^|| P^- ^ ^^ fg 'tsung 
^m 'she tak, 'k'ii, ^ # :^ :|^ ,i ,1 pat, 'sh6. I i 
puh shie, 'I"f^-^ <ts'ing jCh'eung. Ts'ing ch'ang. 

Affectionate, loving, ^ ^ts'z. Ts'z ; an affectionate 
mother, 3^ ^ jts'z 'mo. Ts'z mu ; fondness, ^ 



a""' im. ira 
ch'f is'inff. 



(33) APF 

J^ ^ku sik,. Ku sill ; an affectionate couple, ^ 
^ ID m ^fii ^ts'ai ,f iin ,1m. Pd ts'i tw'an yuen, 
^ ^ ^ # <fii <ts'ai ^s6ung tak,, ^^M^ 
/li ^ts'ai ho' hop,. Fu ts'l hdu hoh, :^ H^J 
"^ pat, jSlif tsii- 'shau. Puh shI tsii shau ; affec- 
tionate remembrance, ^ ^ ^^ -^ pat, jt'ing ki' 
nlm'. Puh t'ing ki nien, ,@,f^ ^sz liiir. Sz Iwan, 
^'^T»^i liiir liin- pat, ,mong. Lwan Iwan puh 
wang, ^^ 1^ ^ ^lo ,lo liin- ; mutually attached, 
ffi'^^tw (Seimg oi' ^chi .ts'ing. Sidng ngdi chi 
ts'ing; very affectionate, ^ ^^ 'hb ,ts'an it,. 
Hau ts'in jeh, |^^ it, oi'. Jeh ngai, H'tSitf ^ 
^ma "k'ii 'h6 it, ; affectionate regard, :^ \ |* 
'yau jan ^ts'ing. Yii jin ts'ing, 3^ ^ ^ts'z oi'. 
Ts'z ngai, || ^ ^ts'an oi'. Ts'in ngai," ^^ 
jUung jts'ing. Nung ts'ing, ^ '|^ 
Ch'i ts'ing, $y ^ li 116 ^ch'i ^ch'in.' 

Affectionately, tenderly, ^ <ts'z. Ts'z; fervently, 
^ it,. Jell ; to love him [her] fervently, ^ fg 
'^ |4 ,ina -k'ii 'hd ft,. 

Affectionateness, see affection. 

Affectioned, J^^^ ^ H^ ^sam fuk, k6' ; mutually at- 
tached or disposed towards each other, J|f ^ :;j>g 
^^ ^kon 'tarn ,seung cliiu'. K^in tkn siang chau. 

Affective, ^ \^ % 'ho 'ts'Am ^sheung. Hdu ts'an 
shAng. 

Affector, # # fi ^^ M "1^ A c^ y^^ng^ wAk, ,ii J5 
k6' jyan. I yang hwah hii lu [;^] chi jin. 

Affeer, to, to assess, ^;^^^ 
T'iiu ch'fi t'ing fdh. 

Affeeror, :j^^ p'ak, ,ka. P'eh kia, :j^7|^ p'ak^ ^wo. 
P'eh ho. 

Affiance, betrothal, g^ ^ 'hii p'ing'. Hii p'ing, ^ 
gf teng- p'ing'. Ting p'ing, )^^ ^shing ^ts'an. 
Cliing ts'in ; confidence, ^ sun'. Sin ; reliance, 
^^ '1 t'ok,. I t'oh, ^ ^ t'ok, Mi^ T'oh lai ; 
affiance in God, §£^j[l'^ t'ok, lai' sh^ung' tai'. 
T'oh lc4i shdng ti. 

Affiance, to, to betroth, =^^ 'hii p'ing', ^^ teng' 
p'ing'. Ting p'ing, ^ |,^ ,sliing ^ts'an. Ching 
ts'in, ^H teng^ >'an. Ting ts'in, #11^ tui' 
,ts'an kd. Tiii ts'in kia; to give confidence, -^ 



* The seven afifections are : -| 

grief, pleasure, love, hatred and desire. 



W^'^ joy, anger, 



jt'iu 'ch'ii teng- fat. 



ff ^i t'ok,. 1 t'oh, 1^ j^ 'hii Van. Hii yun. 



ktit. 



fat,. 



kung 



Affianced, betrothed when young, j^ 
kieh fdh. 

Affiancing, pledging in marriage g^ ^ 'hii p'ing' 
Hii p'ing. 

Affidavit, a declaration made on oath, p -j^ 'hau 
^kung. K'au kung, -^ |^ ,kung ^ts'z. Kung ts'z, 
^ 1^ ,kung sliiit,. Kung shwoh, 
,ch'ing, >gt p± ^kung t'o'. kung t'li 

Affiliate, to, to receive into the family as a son, j]^ 
'^^-f' .shau jwai i' 'tsz. Shau wei i tsz, ^ ^ 
^-f" ndp, jWai f »'tsz. NMi wei 1 tsz ; to receive 
into a society as a member, ^ >^ "^ ^ ^ nkp, 
jWai tii' ^hing tai". Ndh wei liwui liiung ti, l|^;^^ 
y(i^ jSliau jAvai f ^hing tai'. Shau wei i hiung ti. 

Affiliation, |^ -^ kai' 'tsz. Ki tsz. 

Affinity, relationship (not of the same surname), ^ 



AFF 



(34) 



AFF 



1^ ^ts'an ts'ik,; ditto of the same surname, ^fi^ 
^ts'an shukj. Ts'in shuh, ^ j^ ,ts'an tsvik^. Ts'in 
tsuli 5 to contract affinity, j^ ^ jshing ^ts'an. 
Ching ts'in, fj^ ting' ^ts'an. Ting ts'in; attrac- 
tion of bodies, ^^ <^ ^'^ mat, chat, ^chi Jiin 
li6pj. Wuli chill chi hien holi. 
Affirm, to, to arrest, ^ ^ teng* shat,. Ting shih, 
1^ ^ shut, sliatj. Shwoh shili, pjf gf tiin' shat^. 
TwAnshih; to declare, j^gft ^ch'ingshiit,. Ch'ing 
shwoh, ^ ^ 'kong jKiiug. Kidng ming, |^ ^ 



shut, jnung. 



Shwoh ming ; to assure, 



'kom 



shatj. Kidng sliih ; to respond in the affii-mative, 



'j^Pg. hai' lok„ ^nokv Noh, 



ying' nokj. 



Ying noh. 



shili shi^ Shwoh slii ; to adhere 



to a declaration, ^ = chap, ^in. Cliih yen ; to 

ratify by signature, ^ ^ ^ts'im jmeng. Ts'ien 

ming ; ditto by affixing the seal to, ^p f p k'ap^ 

yan'. Kih yin. 
Affinnable, that may be asserted, ^ ||^ f ^ ^ ho 

shiitj tak, shatj. K'o shwoh teh sluli. 
Affirmant, one wlio affirms, ^3f ^ teng^ shat^ 'ch6. 

Ting shih ch6. 
Affirmation, the act of affii-ming ^ ^ = sliat^ jk'i. 

,ln. Shih k'i yen ; assent, ^ ^ Van nokj. Yun 

noh ; ratification by signature, ^^ ^ts'Im jmeng. 

Ts'ien ming; ditto by affixing the seal, ^ fp 

yung^ yan\ Yung yin, i§ ^ ^ k'oi' ^t'o ^shii. 

K'ai t'u shu, |^ ^ ^ k'ap, ,t'6 ^cheung. Kih 

t'ti cliang. 
Affirmative, ^^ ^ teng* shat^ tik,. Ting shili tih ; 

to assent in the alllrmative, yJQ^ Van nok^. Yun 

noh, f^ ^ 'hii nok^. Hii noh. 
Affirmatively, ff ^ shat. ^in. Shili jen, JS^jfJfi k'ok, 

^in. K'ioh jen. 
AiJirmer, one who affirms, ^ ^ ^ shat^ jin 'die. 

Shih jen ch6 ; one who maintains, ^-^j^ chap, 

jin 'ch^. Chih jen che. 
Affix, to, to unite at the end, |!|fi|- fu\ Fu ; to affix a 

syllable, |# ^ Jf fiV tsz^ 'mi. Fd tsz wi, j5^ ^ 

mi. T'ien tsz sub wi ; to 

mi. Fiiwi, :^ J^ tsip, tsuk,. 

kai' 'mi. Ki wl, ^ M tsuk 



^t'im tsz* tsuk^ * 
fu*' 



attach, ^ 
Tsieh sub, 

'ml. Sub wi, ^ J^ tsip^ *mi. Tsieh wi; to tie 
at the end, 0f>itMi^ 'l^ong chii* 'mi hau*. Pdng 
cbii wi hau, ^ J^ liai^ ^mi. lli wl ; to connect, 
Ml^ .s6ung tsip,. Sidng tsieh, H^^ ,s6ung kai'. 
Siang ki, :;jf| fig ,seung lin. Sidng lien ; to affix 
one's seal, >H W yunpT yan'. Yung yin, ff fp 
't^ yan'. Td yin, ^fp k'oi' yan'. K'&i yin, j^^ffj 
k'ap, yan'. Kih yin, ^ O ^ k'oi' ^i'b ,ch(5ung. 
K'Ai t'li chdng ; to aflix one's name, ^ ^ ,ts'im 
jmeng. Tsien ming ; to affix one's iirivate mark, 
^:li,n >'ini /d dp,. Ts'ien hwd ydh. t^' :^ ^ 
dp, Jii bo^ ydh f/i hdu, ^ ;^ 'chl ^m^. Chi mu. 

Affixes, ^^':^^ tsukj 'mi ,chl tsz^ Sub wl 
chl tsz. 

Affixture, that which is affixed, ^Xl^^^ fi^^ ^1"^^ 



,chl mat, 



Ngfin shih chi wuh. 



AlUation, B^ ^ A F^ ,<-'li'^ii lii' yaPi noi\ Ch'iu k'i 



jib nui, U^ ^ A ft 'kd Li' yap^ noi'. Kii k'i jih 



nui. 



Afflatus, inspiration, ^ 1$ ^ -{^ jWai jShan 'sho 
'k6m. Wei sliin so kdn. 

Afflict, to, to trouble, IH^ p&a ^wai. Nan wei, ^ 
Hj jfan ^n6. Fan ndu ; to trouble others, ^ ^ 
chit, ^mo. Cheh mo, 1^ ^ ts'o' chit,. Ts'o cheh ; 
to grieve, |^ i{^ ,8h6ung ,sam. Slidng sin ; to 
harass, |^ ^ ^rao ndn^ Mo ndn ; to disti-ess, jjfp 
^^ ,kd 'fu 'ch'o. Kid k'u ts'ii, jjilpi ,kd jdung. 
Kiaydng; to torment, J!|n3flJ ,kd jVing. Kid ying; 
to aillict for {he purpose of extortion, |$y\$b0| 
H6 ^yan lak^ shuk^. Lii jin leh shuh. 

Afflicted, in body, :^ ^ Sau peng^. Yu ping; af- 
flicted with pain, Jl ^ kin' t'ung'. Kien t'ung, 
^ '^ kok, t'lmg'. Kioli t'ung ; afflicted in mind, 
^BM sliau^ wdn' ndn*. Sliau hwdn nan, ^ ^ 
shau* .tsoi jno. Shau tsdi mo, ^ M shau^ 



^mo. 



nan*. Shau nan ; to suffi;r distress, ^ ^ sliau* 
'fu. Shau k'li ; the afflicted, ^^Z A shau* 
ndn* ^chi jyan. 

Afflicting, troubling, ^ || ,mo ndn* ; distressing, 
j}W=^ ,k(i 'fu. Kid k'u, jJH ^ J^ ^a ^ts'ai ^leung. 
Ki&, ts'I lidng. 

Afflicting, grievous, ^ ^ ^ts'ai jl6ung. Ts'i lidng, 
;#M,ts^ai'ch'o. Ts'its'u. 

AiUicter, l^^d^PgtA s^ong ,sam ke' .yan, §:f^,Z\ 
p6* yduk^ ,chi jan. Pdu yob chl jin, f^^^ZX 
jts'&n 'yan .chl ^yan. Ts'dn jin chi jin. 

Affliction, ^,^ wan* ndn*. Hwan nun ; distress, ^ 
^ .ts'ai .16ung. Ts'i lidng, ^ ^ 'fu 'ch'o. K'u 
ts'ii ; calamity, j^ || .tsoi ndn*. Tsdi ndn, j^ ^ 
.tsoi .yeung. Tsfii ydng, ^ ^ .tsoi wo*. Tsai ho, 
giicf, ^ p| .yau mun*. Yii mwdn, i^ ^ .sam 
miin*. Sin mwi'm, j^ ^ ^fdn mun*. Fan mwkn, 
V^ PI .^ mun*. Yen mwdn, ^ ^^ ^sliau miin*. 
Tsau mwdn, P(| P»| >r» ^ ^uin* mun* pat, lok^. 
Mwdn mwfin pub lob. 

Afllictive, causing pain, Ijtt ^ '^ .kn peng^ t'ung' ; 
causing distress, jjf[ m .kd nun*. Ki^ ndu ; caus- 
ing grief, J!|P ^ .kii .yau. Kid yii ; adverse, |2<| 
.Inuvg. Hung ; tormcntiiag, ^ 'ts'fuu. Ts'dn. 

Afllictively, JJW ^ ,kk t'ung'. Kid t'ung. 

Aflluence, wealtii, ^ ^ fii' kAvai'. Fii kwei, ^ JJ 
fu' hau*. Fu hau. 

Affluent, wealthy, '^ ^ fu' hau*. Fu hau, ^ 
.yan fii'. Yin fu, j^^ .fung fu\ Fung fu, ^ 
ji'i ii*. Jdu yii, ^ ^ so' ,fung. Sii fung, ^ 

/ung fii'. F'ung fu ; abounding in wealth, |^ 

.fung slung*. Fung sliing, jgg jjg jan chan'. Yin 
chin, -gggij^^^ .yau jau 'yau ^u. Yu yii jti yii. 

Affluently, in abundance, |g| ^ /^^"S sliing*. Fung 
shing. 

Afflux,'^ ^ ui* Jau. llwui lid, ^ ^ h6p, .lau. 
Hob liii. 

Aflmlille, ^ # :^ .chl hnb 'ts'6. Chi mu ts'Au, ^ 
■^ ^ jShi "mb 'ts'6. Shi mii ts'du, ^ ^ ,ch'am 
jfdn. 

Aflbixl, to, Jl .shI. Shi, 1^ k'ap,. Kih, f^ ts'z'. Ts'z, 



AFF 



(35) 



AFR 



'^^a <kung k'ap,. Kungkih, ^ 'ch'an. Ch'an; to 
afford relief, ^ -^ ^slii tsai'. Shi tsi ; to afford 
universal relief, ^'^ ^p'6 tsai'. P'li tsi ; to afford 
assistance in urgent circumstances, '^ ^; tsai' 
kap,. Tsi kih, ^ ^ ^cliau kap,. Chau kih ; to 
afford to sell, J ^ mai' talv,. Mdi teli ; lie can 
afford to sell cheap, fg ^ :f^ 2p ^j^'tj mai' tak, 
f^ jfj^ tsiu" ka' ^i ^ku. Tsien kia rli 



sP in 



&' 



kii ; he can afford the expense, Pf 0^ ^^itf^ 
'ho 'i (tong tak^ Hs'z fai'. K'o 1 tang teh ts'z fi, 
^ |& t5 ^ # ^ cto 'shai ^to ^tong tak, 'hi ; to 
afford profit, ^ t^iJ ^shaug li'. Sang li ; to afford 
pleasure, ^ J\^^ '^sheung ^sam, ^ ^^: i^ 'ho tak, 



Hau teh 



the trees afford fruits, )fsj ^ ,,^ 
shir kit, 'kwo. Shii kieh ko ; the garden affords 
vegetables, HI^^ jiin 'ch'an ts'of. Yuen ch'an 
ts'di ; to afford consolation, ^ ^ pn wsd\ Ngan 
vrei ; to afford security, ^ -^ 'po yau'. Pau yu. 

Afforded, yielded as fruit, ^ jj^ 'ch'an kwo'. Ch'an 
kM'o ; do. as profit, ^^ '^ v^lj tak, kwo^ li'. 

Affording, yielding as fruit, ^ 'ch'an. Ch'an, ^ 
kit,. Elieh ; bearing expenses, ^ ^ 'shai yung^. 
Shi yung. 

Aflfta-nchise, to, ^^ j^ shik, fong'. ShUi fang. 

Affray, quarrel, fy ^ ;^^ '^ta tau' ^chi sz^ ^ jj^ 
^^ u" ^seung ^cliang tau'. Hu siang tsang tau ; 
brawl, p^ ^ p^ 11^ "leung ^ka tau' 'au 



Liang kia 



tau ngau. 
Affreight, 



.keng hoi. 



King 



Choh king. 



to, ffiUft^^ ,tso ,shiin ^chong fo'. Tsu 
ch'uen chwang ho. 

Affreight, to, to frighten, ^ \^ ^keng hak,. King 
hih, ^ ^ 'himg hak,. K'ung hih, ^ ^ chan' 
,keng. Chin king, •Mlft ,keng tung^. King tung, 
^ fSi ^^^S 'bung. King k'ung, ^ ^ shat, 
^keng. Shih king. 

Affrighted, terrified, ^ ^ ^ -^^ ,mang ^mang 
^tsang shat, ^keng, ^ \^ <keng ^wong. King 
hwang, ^'l^ 'hung ^wong. K'ung hwang, ^f|| 
'hung kii". K'ung kii, *f 
hiai, ^ ^ cheuk, ^keng 

Affront, to, to meet face to face, '^ ^ ^^^i^o niin'. 
Tang mien, ^ j^ tik, min". Tib mien ; to insult, 
f^^i ch'iik, fan-. Ch'uli fan, ^^^ mo' fan'. Mau 
fan, '/^^}^ ^ch'ung fan'. Ch'ung fan, '/t^^ ^ch'ung 
chong^. Ch'ung chwang, ^ '^ mo^ tuk,. Mdu 
tuli; to insult openly, }^^ jling yuk,. lingjuh, 
5(5 ^ tim' yuk^. Tien juh. 

Affi'ont, an open defiance, yr|t :f'^ ^ch'ung chon^. 
Ch'ung chwdng ; abuse, ^^^ m^' fan'. Mau fan, 
ifi © cling yuk^. Ling juli, ^ ^ ,sau yvik,. Siu 
juh, J^^^ 'ch'i yuk,. Cli'i juh ; slight resentment, 
^ ^^ p6' tin'. Pu'yuen, ^ >J% jg; sit, 'siti %n. 
Sieh siibu fan. 

Affronted, opposed face to face, ^ ^.j- Hf min^ tui' 
min'. Mien tui mien, pi ^ t&J ™^in' ,tong mln'. 
Mien tang mien ; to have offended, ^ :|[i j^S mo- 
fan' kwo'. Mdu fan kwo ; to be offended at ill- 
treatments, "I^A^^^ 'f^n jan ^clii ^sau yuk,. 
Fan jin chi siu juh, ^^\}^^ pat, ^korn jan 



Pi" 
Pi ngan tun mien tui mien 



cling yuk,. Puh kan jin ling juh, ^ pa ^ || 'ho 

^m fan' tak,. 
Affi-ontee, ^^mM'MW Z^ T>i' ,on tun^ min^ 

tui' min" ^chi shau 

chi shau. 
Affronter, |^^^ A "1^ "mong ^chl jan. Lii m^g 

chi jin, ^^ Z A ts'o' p6' ^chi jan. Ts'au 

pau chi jin, /^ :j^ % ^ch'img chong^'che. 
Affronting, abusing, ^ ^^ mo' fdn'. Mau fan, ^ 

:|^ ^ch'ung chong'. Ch'ung chwang. 
Affuse, to, to pour upon, ^ ^ ^cham yap,. Chin 

jib ; to sprinkle, j^ 'sha. Sha, f^ j|| ,1am lai'. 
Affused, sprinkled with a liquid, ;^ '^ 'sha kwo'. 

Shd kwo, ^ ill ;;§ Jam lai' kwo', ^ lf|t ^ kun' 

k'oi' kwo'. Kwan k'ai kwo. 
Affusion, sprinkling with a liquid substance, >^ 

'sha. Sha, ^ ^ kiin' k'oi'. Kwan k'ai. 
Afloat, swimming without a guide, ^ '/^ ^fau fan'. 

Fau fAn; to be tossed to and fro by wind or waves, 

H B cP'in tong^. P'iau tang, j^ '^ /au ,p'iu. 

Fau p'iau, ^ >jg M ^ .^ V^^K cmo teng^. I poh 

wii ting, ^ ^ ^kwong tong^. Kwang tang. 
Afoot, on foot, ^ fj keuk, .bang. Kioh hang, ^ 

ff p6^ ,hang. Pii hang, "^ ^ flq ^ xt'o po' <! 

.bang. T'u pii rh hang. 
Afore, in front, ^jlj ,ts'inmin^ Ts'ienmien; prior 

in time, ^H^ ,sin ^shi. Sien shi, '^ -^ tsoi' ,sta. 

Tsai sien, -^ ^ ,sin yat,. Sien jib, (see before). 
Aforehand, ^^ %b ,sin. Tsau sien. 
Aforementioned, "^ |^ ^ts'in shut,. Ts'ien shwoh, 

■^ ^I ,ts'in -yan. Ts'ien yin. 
Aforesaid; |f ^ ^ts'in /n. Ts'ien yen, Jl ^ ^ # 

sh^ung^ ^man 'sho ,in. Sliang wan so yen ; the 

aforesaid person, ^ \ ,koi jan. Kai jin. 
Aforethopght, premeditated, ^\ ,g, ch'ong' ,sz. 

Cli'w^ng sz, ;j|ij =^ ch'ong' ^mau. Ch'wang mau. 
Aforetime, in time past, "^ Q sik, yat,. Sib jib, ^ 

H^ sik, ^shi. Sih shi, ^ fj 'nong yat,. Nang jib, 



^ 



tfc Wi 



,ts'ung ^ts'in. 



Ts'ung ts'ien, ^ ^ 'nong 
'cbe. Nang ch^, ^ g^ ^ts'in ^shi. Ts'ien shi, p^ 
=g^ jCh'au sik,. Ch'au sih, fS] bevmg' yat^. Hiang 
jilij fi B Vong yat,. Wang jib, ^ Bf kair ^shL 
Kau shi. 

Afraid, j^ fg 'bung p'a'. K'ung p'a, i^ fg 'hung 
kii.^ K'ung kii, -^'^ 'hung /ong. K'ung hwang, 
'in tan-. Tan, -^ wai'. Wei ; not afraid, pE-'j'Q ,m 
p'a', ;^ f ^ pat, p'a'. Pub p'a; to be afraid of 
death, '[^ ^ p'&' 'sz. P'd sz ; to be afraid of a 
hmTicane, •'j'g JlJg ^ p'^' kii^ ,fnng. P'd kii fung ; 
to be afraid of thieves, jQ^ p'a' ts'ak^. P'6 ts'ih; 
not be afraid of anything (to be reckless), ^ ^ 
^, "jf ,h6 ^mo ki- tan'. Hau wu ki tan. 

Afresh, anew, ^ ^ tsoi' ,san. Tsai sin ; again, ^ 
tsoi'. Tsai, ^ ^ tsoi' fuk^. Tsdi fuh, ^. ^ tsoi' 
ts'z'. Tsai ts'z. 

Africa, ^f^%\\M Afilika. 

African, a native of Africa, ^ ^ i^lj jjfl \ AfOikd, 
jan (jin); african or marygold (name of a flower), 
W} ^'M miin' shau- kuk,. Wan shau kiuh. 



AFR 



(36) 



AGA 



Afront, f.j-gi tiii'min\ Tili mien, ^(^ ,tong minK 
TAn^ mion, ^J^ mln^ ^ts'in. Mien ts'ion. 

Aft, ^M) ^ ^ t^"i^ jShun ^chi hau^ Tsdi ch'uen 
chi hau, ^M^M *^°^^ jShiin ^i. Tsdi ch'uen wi; 
the wind is right aft, /\^^ pat, tsz^ <fu.ng. PAh 
tsz fung ; fore and aft, ^ ^ M J^ ^^'''•^ s^'^^ ^^^' 
hnl. Tsz t'au chi mI. 

After, more aft, ^ ^ kang* hau^ Kang hau ; be- 
hind in place, '^ ^ [f^] tsoi^ hau^ Tsdi hau, ^ 
^ hau^ jpin. Uau pien, ^ ^ hau^ pui'. Hau 
poi, ^ sji h&,u^ jt'au. Hau t'au, ^ (0 hau^ mln^ 
Hau mien, ^ -j^ hau^ pin^ Hau pien, ^ ^ tui' 
hau^ ; later in time, ^ ^ hau' Joi. Hau Idi ; to 
follow one after the other, (^ ^ iff) ^ ^^h ^suk^ 
ji jhang, Luh suh rh hang, ]^ =^ 'i hau\ I hau, 
^ ^ in hau^ Jen hau; after this (hereafter), 
itk # ts'z hau\ Ts'z hau, ^ % tsz^ hau' ; after 
that, JH sui^ Sui ; after breakfast, -^ ^ ^ ^ 
'ts6 ,ch'd ^chl hau\ Tsdu ch'd chi hau ; in pursuit 
of, as: what are you after? f^ |S -fe^ ^ ^i Van 
mat, y, %'^i:\^M 'ni iiV mat, '^(^,%^^Wt 
\\\ 'sdung mat, V«^, % %% M "^i 's^ung 'cham 
,mo. Ni sidng tsang mo, J^ ^* ^ ^nf 'sho yuk^ 
jWai jho. So yuh wei ho ; after what manner, ^ 
'^^-f' hdu' jho fdt, 'tsz. Hidu ho fdh tsz, ^p^^ 
'tim y^ung' ; to look after one, ^ \ ^ts'am ^yan. 
Sin jin ; to look after something, |S. ^ 'wan ^e; 
to be after (second to) one, ^^ \ ts'z' 'tang 
^yan. Ts'z tang jin ; after the ancient custom, H^^ 
# ^ ^ chili'" kau' ^kw'ai 'ku. Chdu kiu kw'ei 
ku, {|8, -^ ^j cliiu' 'kii lai^ Chdu kii II ; to call 
one after his o^tq name, ^^ \i^^^y^ ^chiii 
^yan ^1 ^k'i 'p6n ^meng. Chdu jin i k'i piin ming; 
the day after to-morrow, ^^ p hau' yat^. Hau 
jih ; after he had anived, tE^lj^^ 'k'.ii t5' ^chi 
hau'. 

After-acceptation, ^ffi^j^^^^ hau' 'sho 'k'ai 
chi ,t'd i\ Hau so k'i chi t'd i. ' ^ 

After-account, ^flJiP^^ hau' ^t'au k6' sh6', ^ ^ 
hau' 8li6'. Hau su. 

After-act ^o^ffM '^a^' ^6' ^hang ^wai, ^J^fJ ^dn 
tsit,. Wdn tsieh. 

After-agos, ^ {if; hau' shai'. Hau shi, ^ 'f^ hau' 
toi'. Hau tdi. 

Aftor-all, jHf^j 'tsung hai'. Tsung hi, )g ^ 'tsung 
shi'. Tsung shi, J^^ 'tsung ,chi. Tsmig chi, $|j 
jfg t6' 'tai. Tdu ti, ^ ^ pat, 'king. Pih king, 
^M <^hau hnl. Shau Avi, f^utS .l^^ai ,kan. Kwei 
^in. ^ ^-f^ 'king jln. Iving jen. 

After-birth, ^ \ hau' jyim. Hau jin, QQ, i^^ ,pdu 
.i. rfiu 1, fl& |g <t'oi .pdu. T'di pdu, )}& ^ ,t'oi 
<1. T'di i,^m J»^t, ^p'un. Hiueh pw'dn, ^ ^ 
^ 'tsz jho ,chi. Tsz ho chi, j^j^pjiji 'tsz ^ho ,ch'6. 
Tsz ]io kii, 

Aftcn-conduct, ^-^ Sndn tsit,. Wdn tsieh, il^J^ff 
^ ,shau hnl jhnng ^wai. Sliau wi hang Mci. 

Aftor-coat, fjg §^ 'p6 ^ngan. Pii yin, j^l f<|j} ;^ ^ 
tsukj 'p6 ^chl jHgim. Suh pii chi yiu. 

Aftor-ci-op, second crop, JJ^i^ ^du ts6*. Wdn tsdu, 



J^^ W \h\ Wi Idu. 

After-days, ^ ^ liau' ^loi. Hau Idi, |j^ 3|{ ^ts^ung 
jloi. Tsiang liii ; future days, ^ ^ hau' sbal'. 
Hau shi, 

Aftcr-enqvury, |^ ^ tsoi' jCh'a. Tsdi ch'd. 

After-game, a subsequent expedient, ^j^^^ ok, 
^am fuk^ ^mang. Ngoh sin fuh mang. 

After-gathering (of fruit), fg :fg /an chdk,. Fdn 
tseh; ditto of potatoes, ground nuts &c. f^jfi^ /dn 
jP'd. Fan p'6,. 

After-life, ^ ^ 'sz hau'. Sz liau. 

After-love, second love, H^^ kai' ts'u'. Ki ts'Cl, ^ 
^ tsuk, ,in. Suh hien, ^ ^ tsuk^ ts'ii'. Suh 
ts'ii, ^'^M ts'u' t'in /ong. Ts'ii t'ien fang. 

Afternoon, "J^ ^ lia' ^ng. Hi^ wu, -^ ^ *ng hau^ 
Wu hau, :Jg ^ kwo' ^g. Kwo wA, f ^ hd' 
tsik,. Hi^ tsih, ^ j}^ ^M %ikn. ydi wdn, Q ^ 
yatj chak,. Jilx tseh ; from 11 to 1 p.m., ^^ ^m^ 
jShl. Wu shi ; from 1 to 3 p.m., ^j^ H$ mi' ^shL 
Wi shi ; from 3 to 5 p,m,, ^ (J^ ,shan ^shi. Shin 
shi, "pflf hd' j)6. Hia pii; 4 p.m,, ^^ pun' j)6. 
Pwan pii ; afternoon meal, ^ ji6, Pu, 

After-pains ^ ^ ^ 'ch'an hau' t'ung'. Ch'an hau 
t'ung, ^^i|j^ ^min hau' t'ung*. Mien liau t'ung. 

After-piece, 7;^ hd' t'6'. Hi^ t'li. 

After-swarms, ^{i|;^^ hau' ch'ut, ,chi ,fung. Hau 
ch'uli clii fung, ^ jlg; hnAn ts6'. Wan tsdu. 

After-thought, reflections after an act, [gj ,§, jUi ,sz. 
Hwui sz, ^,g, hau' ^sz. Hau sz ; remorse, •j^ ^ 
fui' ban'. Hwui ban, ^ >f^ hau' fui'. Hau hwiu, 

M. '1'^ <^'l^^^ ^"^i'- Chui hfl-ui. 

Aftertimes, :^ yat^ hau'. Jih liau, ^ (jJjp hau' 
jShi. Hau shi. 

Afterwards, ^^ hau' ^loi. Hau Idi, ^^ jin hau'. 
Jen hau, J^^ 'mi hau'. Wi hau, ^^ tsoi' hau'. 
Tsfii hau, j}^ 'mdn. W^i. 

After-\nt, ^ ||l7t*^l hau' ,chi jts'oi 'tiin, Hau chi 
ts'di twdn. 

Again, || tsoi\ Tsdi, || ^ tsoi' fuk^. Tsdi full, -f^ 
^ ^ying fukj. Ying fuh ; to come again or re- 
turn, H^ tsoi' jloi. Tsdi Idi. ^^ .fdn ^loi. Fdn 
Idi, ^ 5^ fuk^ jloi. Fuh Idi, 5. JR yau' ^oi. Yii 
Idi ; to read again, ^ f^ tsoi' tuk^. Tsdi tuh ; a- 
gain and again, ^ ^ 'fan fuk,. Fdn full, 2 ^ 
jCh'img fuk^. Ch'ung fuh ; once again, |^ — ^ 
tsoi' yat, ts'z'. Tsdi .>nh ts'z, ^ — [ej tsoi' yat, 
jiii. Tsdi yih hwui, ^ — ||^ yau' jTit, ,ts6. Yd 
yili tsdu ; over and again, ^ ^ tsoi' .sjlm. Ts&i 
sdn, $f ^ ^ 'h6 'kl .ts6. Hdu kl tsdu, g g ^ 
^ jCh'ung jCh'ung tip^ lipj, S ^ ^H cl>i' tsoi' 
chi' ,sdm. Chi tsdi chi sdn ; do it agam, %^'M 
yau' ts6' kwo'. Yli tso kwo ; fuitlier, ^ ^\> ling* 



ngoi' 



Ling -wei. 



Against, in opposition, enmity, ^^ tdi' tik^. Tdi 
till; contrary', ^ yik^. Yih, O^^ngdk^, ;f0 ^ 
,s^ung 'fdn. Sidng fdn, j^] ^^ .seung hig. Siiing 
Mil, f^^ pui' yikj. Pci yih ; against the current, 
P^ I ^1 jfit "■^'•'K j^^^- Yih lid ; against the wind, 
ft^^ ngakj ^iing. Yih fuug, :^itM. ^^^^K ji'^u 



AGA 



(37) 



AGG 



fung. Sliih yii fung ; against reason, ^ ^ yik, 
"li. Yih li ; to strike against, ^^ cliong' cheuk . 
Chwang choli ; opposite in place, '^^ tiii' mini 
Ttii mien, j^ fS] ^seung heimg'. Siang hidng ; a- 
gainst one (as in a game), ^ J^ tui' 'ting. Tui 
ting, P^]^ tan' 'ting. Tau ting ; to speak against, 
1^ ^ Vai p'ong'. Weip'ang, ;^ A ^1 4 k'it, 
,yan 'tiin cli'ii\ K'ieh jin twan cli'ii ; against (as 
law), ^ kam'. Kin ; to lean against, :^ ^ ^ai 
^mai. Yai mai, ^ f^ ^ai pang- ; to lean against a 
railing, ^^ ;|^ pang^ jlan. Pang Ian ; to place a- 
gainst the wall, ^ '^ [fij J^ ^ai cliii^ heung' 
^ts'eung. Ydi cliii hiang ts'iang ; to hang against 
the wall (as a picture), ^ ^ ^|^ '^ ^ai ^ts'euug 
kwa' chii'. Yai ts'iang kwa chu. 

Agalmatolite, ^ ^ 'fan shek^. Fan shih, ^ ^ ^ 
,t'6 ^shii shek^. T'u shii shih. 

Agamist, ^^ ^ ^tka ^shan 'tsai. 

Agapanthus, ^ -^^ pak, 'tsz ^lin. Peh tsz lien. 

Agar agar, edible seaweed, ^ ^ 'hoi ts'oi'. Hai 
ts'ai ; ditto the red kind, ^ ^ 'tsz ts'oi'. Tsz 
ts'ai ; prepared ditto, ^ ^ J6ung ts'oi'. Li&ng 
ts'ai ; ditto the large kind, ;g^:^|^ shek^ /a ts'oi'. 
Shih hwa ts'ai ; the broad kind, ^ /^ 'hoi tM'. 
Hai tai. 

Agaric, a sort of mushroom, :^^^ ,chii ^ngdi ^chi. 
Chii yai chi ; agaricus, ^ ^ 'ts'o ,ku. Ts'au ku, 
y H'am. T'an, ^ 'kw'an. Kw'an. 

Agate, cornelian, J%^ ^ *ma "no shek^. Md ndu 
shih, ^ J^ ^ pakj Tna hio. Peh ma ndu. 

Age, an, j^ shai'. Shi ; a generation, — ■ ^ yat, 
shai'. Yih shi, — j^ yat, toi\ Yih tdi, — ii: f^ 
yat, shai' toi^ Yih shl tdi ; a generation of rulers 
=a dynasty, ^ ip^. Yeh, ^ ^ yik, ip^. Yih 
yeh ; the duration of a man's life, ^ ^£ ^nin 'ki. 
Nien ki, ^ shau", ^ ^g. Ling, ^^ ^li shau^ 
Hu shau, 1^ ^ ,u 'hdu. Hii k'au, ^ ^ piii' 
shau^ Pei shau, y^^ '16 shuk^. Lau shuli ; great 
age i.e. between 80 and 100, ^ ^ shau' 'h6u. 
Shau k'au, ^ ^ (k5 shau\ Kau shau, Jr ^ 
sheung- shau^ Shang shau, ^ ^ ^ha ^ling. Hia 
ling, ^ gg ,k'l ,1. K'i i ; between 70 and 80, PJ? 
^ ^chung sliau". Chung shau ; between 60 and 
70, ~[\ ^ ha- shau'. Hia shau ; of tender age, ^ 
A^ ^nin shiii'. Nien shau, ^^ jUln ^heng. Nien 
k'ing, ^^2^ jUin 'kiniin'. Nien ki nun; of age, 
^ ~X jShing ,ting. Ching ting, ^ |g ij± ^nin 'ki 
chong'. Nien ki chwdng, ^ ^ y^uk, kiin'. Joh 
kwan ; in that age, ^ ^ ,tong shai'. Tang shi ; 
successive ages, ^ >f^ lik^ toi^ Lih tdi, ^ ^ 
shai' shai'. Shi shi ; former ages, ^ttt c^^^ shai'. 
Sien shi ; after ages, -^ ^ hau" shai'. Hau shl, 
:^f^ hau- toi\ Hau tai ; a period of one hundred 
years, a century, — ~^^ yat, pdk, ^nin. Yih peh 
nien ; of what age are you ? ;^ J^ kwai' ,kang. 
Kwei kang, f^* 4^ # ^ A "ni ^am ^nin 'ki tdi^ 
^ ^ ^ 'ki ^to sui'. Ki to sui ; of the same age, 
Isj^ jt'ung^nin. T'ungnien, [^^ ^t'ung ^kang. 
T'ung kang. In the LikI one is called ^ yau'. 



Yti, a child, at the age of ten ; ^ ^ yeuk^ kiin'. 
Joh kwan, a youth, at the age of 20 ; ^jJ: chong', 
Chwang, a man, at the age of 30; ^ ^k'eung. 
K'idng, in the full vigour of manhood, at the age 
of 40 ; ^ ngai^ I, grey, at the age of 50 ; ^ 
jk'I. K'i, a director or adviser, at the age of 60 ; 
■^ "lo. Lau, venerable, at the age of 70 ; ^ mo'. 
Mau, hoary or infirm, at the age of 80 and 90 ; 
^^id ^ SS <k'i ji- K'I I, an object of tender care, 
at the age of 100. 

Aged, old, ^^ "16 mai'. Lau mdi, ^ -16. Lau, M 
^ shau' 'hdu. Shau k'au ; ditto and infirm, ^ 
m6-. Mau, % ^k'l. K'I ; very aged, ^ ^ shau' 
'kau. Shau kau, ^ ^ ^wong 'kau. Hwang kau, 
^ M s^^^ niai'. Nien mai, ^ ^ '16 ngai^ Lau 
i» ^ ^ (ko shau'. K^u shau, ]g ^ 'ch'i tit,. 
Ch'I tieh, ^ ^ ^k6 ^nln. Kau nien, "^ 'M. 'ch'I 
jtsiin. Ch'I tsun, -j^ ^ t&i' ^nin. Ta nien, '^ M 
^tsiin 'cheung. Tsim chang, -^ ^ 'cheung 16. 
ChAng lau, % 'sau. Sau, ;^j^ tai' ^ling. Ta ling, 
^ ^ shau' ^yung. Shau ung, -^ ^ '16 jung. 
Lau ung. 

Agency, exerting power, ^ ff 'S >^ ^^^^ )^^^S <cba 
likj. Chi hang chlh lih, ^'^ '^^j 'sz tzs^ tung' 
jliang. Sz tsz tung hang ; the office of an agent, 
j^MZ^ toi' -II ,chl chik,. Tai II chi chih, >f^ 
iU^^ toi^ j)'au ,chl chik,. Tdi p'au chi chih, 
j^MZ^ toi^ pan' ,chl chik,. Tai pan chi chih, 
M^^^ 'shii -11 ^chl chik,. Shu II chi chih, 
^ a. 'shii yam'. Shii jin. 

Agenda, the service of a church, H '^ ^ ^ "lai ,i 



^chl jShii. LI i ^chi shii, ^^fg'] 



ji. Shing hwiii II I. 



shing' lii' 



"lai 



Agent, an, a substitute or factor, ^ ^ ^ t'ai' 11 
'che. T'l 11 che, ^^^ t'ai' pan' 'ch6. T'l pan 
ch6, 3^^ t'ai' ^shan. T'l shin, ^^^ 'kiin sz' 
'ch6. Kwdn sz ch6, j^^ <king *kun. King kwan, 
^ ^ ^koi 'kun. Kai kwdn, ^P(M^ toi' M' 
lI 'ch6. Tdi lidu 11 die ; a general agent or brok- 
er, ^ A ^'^^E jy^n- Hang jin ; a manager or 
director, ^ ^ :^ 'chii sz' 'che* Chu sz ch6, ^ 
^^^ ^klm "11 sz' m6'. Kien II sz wu ; a go- 
vernment agent, ^ ^ cyam ^ch'ai. K'in ch'ai. 

Agglomerate, to, to gather or collect into a mass, ^ 
^ ^ ^ ,ngam shek^ ^lln ^shang. Gan shih lien 
sang, ^ ^ H j^ jShang shek^ jt'iin kit,. Sang 
shih tw'an kieh. 

Agglutinant, a substance causing adhesion, i^lfl*^ 
^ ^ch'I -ye ^chl mat,. Ch'I ■y6 chi wuh ; tending 
to cause adhesion, j^ j^ ^ch'i ^ai. Ch'I mdi. 

Agglutinate, to, to unite as with glue, '^ Jg ^ch'I 
^m^. Ch'I mAi, ■jcg>^ ^ch'l chii'. Ch'I chii, ^ ^ 
^ch'l 'kan. Ch'I Kin ; to heal, ^ ^ p ^ ^ii 
'hau. I mdi k'au. 

Agglutination, f^;^ ^ch'I ,mai. C'hl mai, ^ ;^ ,i 
^mai. I m^i, ^ ^ j^ ^ /i /an ^iin wai'. I fdn 
yuen wei. 

Aggrandization, the act of aggrandizing, ^ ^ ^ 
^ chi' jWai jk6 tai'. Chi wei kdu ta. 



AGG 



(38) 



AGI 



A^f^randize, to, to make great or gi-eater, ^^^j^:k, 
elii' wai 'kwong tAi^ Chi wei kwdng t& ; to exalt, 
^^'^M- ^t ^^^^' i^^^ c**^" kwai'. Chi wei'tsun 
kwei, lit J^ ,tsun tdi^ '^ g ^tsiin chung^. Tsun 
chung, ]^ ^^ ^tsiin kwai' Tsun kwei ; to aggran- 
dize one's-self, :^ ^ ^ ^ 'mong tsz^ ^tsttn t^^ 
Wdng tsz tsun td, g |^ ^ ;Ac tsz^ ^k6 tsz^ tdi\ 
Tsz kdu tsz til, ^ g 'fcil .k6 tsz' wai' elii'. Kdu 

tsz wei clii, :^ ^ g B IP ,:^ s^'^i ^'^ <^«'''' '^^ 
jShan fW. T'ai kdu tsz ki shin fan, § •^ !^ jl( 
tsz' ming' pat, jfan. Tsz ming puh fdn. 

Aggrandizement, self, j^ j^ |^ ;^ tsz' ^kb tsz' tdi'. 
Tsz kdu tsz td. 

Aggravate, to, to make more difficult, -^ |^ ^'ui 
^ndn. Pei ndn, ^ |^ k6,u' ^nkn. Kiau ndn ; to 
make worse, ||g, ^ Mu lui'. Ydu lui, i|| Jg #t# 
nii nil ts'6' ^u. Lii lu ts'du jku, 1^ JIS >^ H chi' 
wai iitj ^ndn. Chi wei yueh nan, j^ ^ i^ |^ 'lii 
hii 'kwan 'k&u. Lii lii kwan kidu. 

Aggravated, '^ |^ |^fj 'p'lii ^n&n tik,. Pei ndn tih, 
f^ ^ ^ Hu lui' kwo'. Jdu lui kwo. 

Aggravation, the act of making worse, '^ |^ ^'ui 
jUdn. Pei ndn ; the aggravation of a crime, ^ 
^it^ ^K S'^^^ ^^^ '^c\i6. Ngoh chi yii ch6, ^ 
^Wl^ okj ^chi tsui' 'ch6. Ngoh chi tsui ch6 ; 
exaggerated description of any thing, "^jl^lil^ 
jin kwo' jk'i shat^. Yen kwo k'i shili, :^^itM 
.p6 'pin t'6i' kwo'. Pau pien t'di kwo. 

Aggregate, to, to heap up, ^i^ 'lui ^mdi. Lui mdi; 
to pile up, ^ ^ tip^ 'hi. Tieh k'i, ^ ^ 'M 'hi. 
Lui k'i, J>^ ^ ^tui 'hi. Tui k'i ; to unite into one 
mass (as stores &c.), j|* iS[ kit, ^mdi. Kieh mdi, 
^ i^ ^shang ^mdi. Sang mdi, ^ i^ jt'un ^mdi. 
Tw'dn mdi. 

Aggregate, the, the sum total, ^ ^^ 'tsung sh6*. 
Tsung 8u. ^^ h6p^ sh6*. Hoh su, it;^ kung' 
siin'. Kung swim ; a imited mass, ^J^;^i^ kit, 
^mdi ^chi ^6. Kieh mdi chi y6 ; the resum^, ^ 
ig 'tsung i'. Tsung i. 

Aggi'cgation, the act of aggregating, ^i^ kit, ^mdi. 
Kieh mdi, ^^t^M ^^\ ,cl^i kit, ^mki. Wuh 
chi kieh nuU ; a collection of particulars, ^ t|^ 
'tsung i'. Tsung i. 

Aggress, to, to commit a iirat offence, ^ ^[^ ^ts'am 
fdn'. Ts'in fdn, jij§5 ^\l cli'uk^ fdn'. Ch'uh fdn, ||(c 
Jl ,t'iu yan'. T'iau hin, :^|c i^ ^t'iu ffin'. T'idu 
fdn, ^J^^^^AH kii' i' jliii fdn'.' Ku i lii'm fdn, 
^ ^(i m6' fdn\ Mdu fdn, /tjl ^^ ,ch'ung fdn'. 
Ch'ung fdn ; to assault, -^ ^ ,kung 'td. Kung 
t4 rjd^. ,k>ing kik,. Kung kih, ^^ tsun' kik,. 
tsin kih, ^T^ tsun' kung. Tsin kung ; to invtwlo, 
'Bt i^ ,ts'am fdtj. Ts'in fdh ; to invade secretly, 
^ ^ sit, fdt^. Sieh fdh. 

Aggressing, conmiencing hostility first, '^'f^ /fs'am 
fdt^. Ts'in fdh, 'g:^!! .ts'am fdn'. Ts'in fdn, jj^:^E. 
jliii fdn'. Lidu fdn. 

Aggression, the iirst act of hostility, ^ ^ ,ts'nm 
fdt^. Ts'in fdh ; the first act of offence, ^ ^^ 
,t8'am fdn'. Ts'in fdn ; assault, j^ ^f ,kiuig td. 



Kung td; encroachment, ^^ jts'dm shik^. Ts'dn 
shUi; injury, •^^ ^ts'am hoi'. Ts'in hai. 

Aggressive, ^ ;^[i ^ts'am fan'. Ts'in fdn ; making 
the first attack, ^ ^ ^ts'am fat^. Ts'in fdh. 

Aggressor, one who attacks first, jjn^^ <kung 't^ 
'ch6. Kung td chd ; one who offends first, ^ ^\i^ 
^ jlid fdn' 'ch(j. Liau fan ch6, ^^i^\i^ .t'iiiVdn' 
'ch6. T'idu rim cM, ^ f| P|^ <t'iu van' W; an 
invader, ^i^^ .ts'am fat^ 'chd. Ts'in fdh ch6 ; 
an encroach er, ^ ^J^ ^ts'am cliim'. Ts'in chen, 
^^.Ijpd'chim'. Pdchen. 

Aggrieve, to, to afflict, -^ A !® PI ^'"ff' jjan /an 
raun'. Ling jin fan mwdn, '^ A 'fi: P«^ '^^^^ .J^" 
kok, mun'. Shi jin kioh mwdn ; to vex or trou- 
ble, IP ^ im' /an. Yen fdn, ^ ^ /dn ^6. Fdn 
lau, '^ P^ jim mun'. Yen mwdn; to injure, fj^ 
^ /ai fii-. KAv'ei fii, }^ ^ /ai 'sun. Kw'ci sun, 
^ ^ .ku fu'. Kd fu, ^ ^ ^ndn ^wai, ^^ l^ /o 
^80 ; heaven does not aggiieve me (by bereave- 
ment), ^Tf-f^^^^ /'in pat, /ai fu^ ^ngo. T'ien 
puh kw'ei fu wo. 

Aggrieved, ^ |^ shau' hoi'. Shau hdi, ^ ^ .tso 
hoi'. Tsau hdi, ^ H ^^ kin' hoi' tik,. Kien hdi 
tih, ^ H 1^^ pi' hoi' tik,. Pi hdi tih. 

Aggi-ieving, alUicting, |^^ ^nan .wai. N6n M-ei, -^ 
A Jl^ P^ 'shai .van .shau mun'. Shi jin tsau 
mwan, ^ A "Ffi P^ ^i^o^ jJ*'^ 'p'^ mdn'. Ling jin 
p'^umwdn; oppressing, ^^^ Idk^ sok,. Leh soh, 
igfl pik, Idkj. Pih leh, 1^^ hik^ chd\ Leh chd; 
the aggrieving party, ^i^ kd* jl6ung. Kid lidng, 
W-M ^ K^^^ ^'o' <clu j.van. Kid ho chi jin, j^ 
^ ^ sung' tuk^ 'chd. 

Aggroup, to, H? ^ — • 1^ tsii' ^mdi vat, tui'. Tsu 
mai yih tui, <f [^ pdi tui'. Pdi tui, ^ ^ij 45- 1^ 
*pdi lit^ kok, tiii'. Pdi lieh koh tui. 

Aghast, struck with terror, ^ ,keng. King, ^ 1^ 
.fong p'o' 'tdm. Hwang p'o tdn, :^ A ^ tak, 
^yan .keng. Teh jin king; struck with amaze- 
ment, ^ fjg, .keng shi'. King shi. 

Agile, nimble, -j^ ^ fai* 'shau. Kw'di shau, |g f^ 
/ing pin'. Ling pien ; alert, f^ fipj ^ling 11'. Ling 
li, $g.|^ .lung Ijii'. K'ing kw'di, ^.^ kap, t,s'«k,. 
Kih suh, ^X t«'z'- 1's'z, -j^ ^ fdi' tsit^. Kw'fii 
tsieh, ^^j| Tuan tsit^. Min tsieh, -^^^ fW'ts'u'. 
Kw'di ts'ii, |.^ j^ .hing tsit^. K'ing tsieh. 

Agio, ^^t,^% <"San ^'^' <c'ii .k6 ^tai. Yin kid 
(hi kdu ti ; premium, ^ j^ jaj fH jOgan ^ehi yat^ 
kd'. Yin chi vih kid. 

Agist, to, to take the cattle of others to graze, Jj^ 

■i. A :^ 4- ^ ^ f"".'?' ,t'>i jJ'*^" ,*'iii s"g'"« s'^ils 

't8'6. Pdng t'd jin clii niii shih ts'dn, ^^ A<^ 
^ hon' /'d ^yan .chi ^ngau, K'dn t'd jin chi nid. 
Agistment, the taking and feeding of other men's 
cattle, ^% KZ^"^^ long' S^ ;ran^^chl 
jUgau shikj 'tsb. Fang t'd jin chi nid shih ts'du; 
the price paid for sucli fetiding, ;Jt fffii A -^ 4^ ^ 
• ^ >^ X f^ long' .t'd jvan .chi ^ngau sliik^ 'ts'd 
.chi .kung kd'. Fdug t'd jin chi nid shih ts'du 
chi kung kid. 



AGI 



(39) 



AGU 



Agitate, to, to move, |^ tung^ Tung ; to move to 



and fro, ^1^ jiii tung". Yau tung, ^|^ jiii 'pai. 
Yau pai ; to shake, ^lUl clian' tung^. Chin tung; 
to move up and down, :^^ |^ ^t'iu tung". T'iau 
tung; to agitate by pushing ag-ainst, '/^'^J ^ch'ung 
tung". Ch'ung tun^, :^^ chong' tung-. Chwang 
tung, :fg ^[J chong- yuk^. Chwang yuli, :(^ J^ 
chong* /au. Chwang fau, ^^'^J pung' 'to ; to stir 
up, to unsettle people's minds, ^ j[, 'iu liin". 
Jau Iwan, ^^ ^ Mu tung'. Jau tung, ^^ |K| ^t'iii 
tung'. T'iau tung, |^ \'^ 'kau "iii. Kidu jau, ^ 
iKl ^kau tung^ Kiau tung, f^^ shin' tung'. Shen 
tung ; to agitate the water, ^^ kik, tung-. Kih 
tung, ^ ||[| jiu tung-. Yau tung ; to agitate the 
mind, ^ i\^ tung- ^sam. Tung sin, ^ ^ 'kom 
tung-. Kan tung ; to agitate by temptation, ^ 
HJl yau tvmg-. Yii tung, ^| |^ -yan timg". Yin 
tung ; to discuss, |^ ,^ pin- pok^. Pien poh ; to 
deliberate, §4®^ ^cham ch^uk,. Chin choh, j^§ 
^sheung ^leung. Shang Hang ; to examine, ^ ^ 
,ch'a ch'at,. Ch'a ch'ah, ||g ^k'ai ^ch'a. K'i ch'a. 

Agitated, tossed from side to side, ^ |^ jiu tung'. 
Yau tung, pj^ "^ ^ 'leung pin- 'pai. Liang pien 
pai, ^ f^ ^^ -leung pln^ yuk,. Liang pien yuh ; 
ditto as the ocean, ^^f^l^ ^po jt'6 "^yung fat,. 
Po t'du yung lah, ^^ jj'iu fat,. P'iau fdh ; ditto 
as waters in general, y^j^ put, kiit,. Poh kiueh, 
2P ^ Vam lik^. Jin lib, yg yjj^ pik, chak,. Pih 
tseh ; shaken, '^ ||f| chan' tung-. Chin tung ; 
agitated by the wind, ||[ |K| ^p'iu tung". P'iau 
tung, |J^ ^ ^ch'ui tung'. Ch'ui tung, ^^^ 'hdm 
tung-. M, ^ ^ c^^^g '^^ tung-. Pimg ta tung ; 
agitated as the mind, '^'j^ ,fong jDiong. Hwang 
mdng, tj§ j^ jp'ong jwong. P'ang hwdng, ^ ^ 
jfong ^cheung. Hwdng ch^ng, 'j^ j^ (Wong kii'. 
Hwang kii, f| i^ ^keng ^fong. King hwdng, ^ 
if^ -kw'ai -kAv'ai. Kw'ei kw'ei, ^ ^ ,su ^sii. Su 
sii, *}ii£'}^ c^^hing jtsung. Ching tsung; distm-bed, 
^ ^ ^ch'un ^ch'un. Ch'un ch'un ; to look agita- 
ted, j^ ^ kii' shik,. Kii sih, f^f^ cP'ong ^wong. 
P'ang hwang, ^ ^ i^ tip, tip, t'iii' ; discussed, 
W^ S\/ ^cham clieuk,. Chin choii ; canvassed, ^ 
i^ pok, kwo'. Poh kwo, ^M—i^M P^^ ^^'o' 
yat, jt'iu hi'. Poh kwo yih t'iau k'i. 

Agitation, ^ ^ ^iu tung'. Yau tung ; commotion, 
^ 8L 'iu lun'. Jau Iwan ; disturbance of tran- 
quility of mind, '^ kwai'. Ki ; excitement, ^ 
kik,. Bah ; deliberation, '0j -^ ^sheung .leung. 
Shang liang ; discussion, ^ ,^ pin' pok,. Pien 
poh ; the project is now in agitation, ^ J§ ]^§; 
kai' .wan ^sheung .l(5ung. Ki hwan shdng liang, 
kai' ,wan ,ch'au ,mau. Ki hwan 



wT 5® ^ t» 
ch'au mau. 



.wan jCh'au 



Agitator, one who excites sedition, ^ ^ ;^ 'ku 
wak, 'che. Kii hwoh ch6 ; one who stii-s up the 
people, ^WC ^ K syau shui' ^chi jan. Yau 
shwui chi jin. 

Aglaia odorata, H^M (^^^ ^Pi s^^'^- ^^^ V^^ ^^^5 
do. variety, 5£ 3^ M ''^S ^Pi }^' ^^ J^^ ^^• 



Agnate, ^Z^^ fu' ,cM ,nam ts'ik,. Fu chi n^n 
ts'ih. 

Agnatic, ^MMm^Z IJ0 cl^wdn shuk, .ii 'tso 
^tsung .chi .mill yui'. Kwan shuh yii tsii tsung 
chi miau i. 

Agnation, ^JtZWip ^^' c^hi tik, yui\ Pii chi tih 1. 

Agnomen :fg ;g /a .meng. Hwa ming, y^ ^ wan' 
.meng. Hw^an ming. 

Agnominate, to, jjp ]>X^'^ .ka t .fa .meng. lU.k i 
hwa ming ^f^^;^ 'lo ^fa .meng. Lo hwd ming. 

Agnus Dei, ±^'^ZMi sheung' tai' ^chi ^kb. Shang 
ti chi kau. 

Ago, past, "H" .ts'in. Ts'ien ; a week ago, Ij^ — • /|v 
;|i ^ jts'in yat, ko' ^lai p6i'. Ts'ien yih ko li pai, 
— ^fi^i^ll yat, ko' ^1m pai' 'i .ts'in. Yih ko 
li pai i ts'ien ; a year ago, "|f — -^ .ts'in yat, .nin. 
Ts'ien yih nien, — '^Z^ J^K P^''^ S^^^ .ts'in. 
Yih nien chi ts'ien; long ago, ^;X 'ho 'kau. Hau 
kiu, ^^^ 'hb noi'. Hau nvii, |^;^ 'hii 'kau. Hii 
kiu, 3 ;X 'i 'kau. I kiu ; not long ago, >f» ;^ 
pat, 'kau. Pub kiu, M ^ ;^ .mb 'ki 'kau. Wu 
ki kiu, ^^[jl]^ .mo 'ki noi' ; no longer ago than, 
X^^^*"** ZW\ pat, kwo' * * * ^chi .ts'in. Puh 
kwo * * * chi ts'ien. 

Agog, ardently to desire, j^ ^ ^ch'i 's^ung. Ch'i 
siang ; to be agog on food, ^' -^ wai' shik, Wei 
shih, ^ ^ ^t'6 shik^ ; do not be agog on delica- 
cies, pg- ^f py- :i^ ^ .m 'h6 kom' wai' shik,. 

Agoing, in motion, ff .hang. Hang, fj ^ .hang 
tung^ Hang tung ; to set agoing, ;^ ^=f fong' 
.hang. Pdng hang, j^fj P^t, .hang. Poh hang. 

Agonism, f^ tau'. Tau. 

Agonistic, ^ ^J^" P^ ^kw&n ^li tau'. Kwdn yu tau, 
f^ p|t ^ tau' ke' sz'. 

Agonize, to, to writhe with extreme pain, i|^ ^$f 
^ J^ t'ung' tak, 'ho ^ts'ai .leung, ^^ 'fii 'ch'o. 
K'li ts'ii, J|#:g':l| kin' tak, sham' t'ung'. Kien 
tell shin t'ung ; to struggle with death, jj^ ^|J :^ 
^ Jf, ^^ t'ung' to' yuk, 'sz pat, tak,. T'ung tdu 



yuh sz puh teh, '^ ^H P§- # M i/f oi' 'sz .m tak, 



hi' ^'iin, ^ ;^ 'sz 'tai. Sz ti, ^ P 'sz ngdi' Sz 
yai. 

Agony, the agonies of death, ^ i|^ 'sz t'ung'. Sk 
t'ung, ^ ^ 'sz ngai'. Sz yai, ^ ^ 'sz 'tai. Sz 
ti; great pain, ^ ^ 'fii 'ch'o. K'li ts'ii ; agony 
of mind, i\^^ ^ sam ^tsiu. Sin tsiau, ^ ^ ^tsiii 
ts'o'. Tsidu ts'au, ^ ^ ^tsiii .sliau. Tsiau tsau, 
J^j^ ^ts'ai 'ts'dra. Ts'i ts'an; to suffer great ago- 
nies of mind, ^ |^ 1§^ 5^ .shau .ch'eung pdk, 
kit,. Tsau ch'ang peh kieh, viUi^'S '^^ t'6 
.shau .wdi. Mwan t'li tsau hwai. 

Agrammatist, ^^^ mi' hok, 'che. Wi hioli che, 
ij^^ ^ts'iin'lo. Ts'unlau, ij;^^ .ts'un/u. Ts'un 
fu, ;^fg .ngoi '16. Kgai lau. 

Agrarian, relating to lands, ^ ^ pg ^kwan ^ii jtHn. 
Kwdn yu t'ien; pertaining to a division of land, 
i^^ ffl i .kwan ^lan .t'in 't'6. Kiun fan t'ien t'li. 

Agrarian, an, ^^i^^ZM. '^^^^ s*^^'^ jkwan ^t'in 
chi to'. Chii ch'i kiun t'ien chi tau. 



AGE 



(40) 



AGTJ 



Agree, to, to be of one mind, j^ i\j> ,t'ung ^sam. 
T'ung sin, 5j<0 0^ jWO muk^. Ho muh, 5^ ^ ,wo 
hdpj. Ho hoh, ^ fg jWO ,hdi. Ho hidi, |^ ^ 
hipj jWO. Hieh ho, ^ 5(<P ^sdung jWO. Sidng ho, 
ij^ -^ ,8<^ung h6p^. Sidng hoh ; to agree in opin- 
ion, |bI ^ ,t'ung 1'. T'ung i, ^1^ ^t'au ,ki. T'au 
ki, ^MMl^ i' hi' ^s^ung ^t'au. 1 k'i sidng t'au, 
tifeiE^ jts'ing jt'au i' hbp^. Ts'ing t'au i hoh; 
to assent to, 'flc ^ ,1 jts'ung. I ts'unp, ^M"^ ^^"* 
i'. Sui i, jlp ;g shuii* i\ Shun i, j|^ ^ su'?'un^ 
Sui yuen, '^ :^ hbp^ ,ts'ung. Hoh ts'ung ; to 
settle by stipulation, fjj^ ting' y6uk,. Ting yoh, 
:^ ^ ,s6ung y6uk,. Siang yoh, ^^ 'hii y6uk,. 
Hii yoh, ^ ^ ^ 'kong Vo tong'. Kidng t'o 
tdng, ^ ^ ^cliam t'o. Chin t'o, ^ ^ H "t'o. 1 
t'o, jLL J^^ Idpj y6uk,. Lih yoh ; to agree about a 
price, ^ fg teng' kd'. Ting kid, ^ W® 'kong 
shatj kd'. Kiang shih kid ; to agree with one (as 
medicine), ^ ^ shau' tak,. Shau teh, itfc ^1 ^ 
-^ 'ts'z ydukj sham' hbp^. Ts'z yoh shin hoh ; 
cold does not agree with me, V^^'^^lf^ jn shau* 
takj Uang ; to agree like dogs and cats, f^ ^ ^^ 
^ ,mdu kin' 'kau jCh'au. Mdu kien kau ch'au ; 
to agree to all conditions, "g" j|p pdk, shun^ Peh 
shun ; they do not exactly agree, tBPo^?^ ^k'*^ 
,m ^to ^ngdm. 

Agreeable, suitable, ^ ^ngdm, ^ i|P h6p^ i'. Hoh 
U Hfl tong' i'. Tang i,^^ «h'ing' i'. Ch'ing 
i ; correspondent, -^ ^ hop^ shik,. Hoh shih ; in 
conformity with, ^ ^i. I ; in persuance of, ^, 
chiu'. Chdu, :^on'. Ngdn; pleasing to the mind, 
$X\^ <fun ^\- Hwdn yxieh, ^^ ^on lok^. Ngdn 
loh, % M ch'6ung' sui^ Ch'dng sui, ^ % ts'ii' 
i', Ts'ii i, fljj f^ ^sun ^sun. Siun siun, ^ ^ ^wo 
iit^. Ho yueh, ^ Vdn. Wdn; agreeable manners, 
^ ^ )^ M^ ,fung tsz' ch'euk, y6uk,. Pung tsz 
ch'oh yoh, B,IS^*^. t'ai' W .p'ing ,t'ing. T'di td 
p'ing t'ing; do. tlisposition, 'l^'lw^'ilE ^'"g' (ts'ing 
jWO shun'. Sing ts'ing ho shun, (Sp'^HJ ;i{^ 'pan 
sing' jiln jWO. Pin sing yuen ho, j^ ^ jWO hi'. 
Ho k'i ; an agreeable taste, ^'^Vjfi 'h6 ^tsz mi'. 
Hdu tsz wi, ^ ^ ts'ii' mi*. Ts'ii wi ; agreeable 
conversation, ^ f ^ ^ ;^ ^ 'kong tak^ 'h6 ^tsz 
mi'. Kidng teli hdu tsz wi, |8:||l^^^^ shiit, 
tak, jtsun ^tsun ^au mi'. Shwoh teh tsin tsin yu 
wi; veiy agreeable, ^|tll^ tak, Vhm' ts'ii'. Teh 
kdn ts'ii; agreeable friends, '^^'^f^ }m lung' 
,chi ^p'ang. Kdu hin« chi p'ang, ^MZI^- fS 
i' ts'ii' ^chi pun' Ua. I ts'ii chi pwdn Hi, ^ f^ 
%iZ ^ 'hS ndu' it^ ^chi *yau; an agreeable per- 
son, |S< >^ <! A sl'ik, ts'ii' ^chi ,yan. Shih ts'ii 
chi jin, ^m |ilP|5E A 'hb ^86ung ^ii k6' jan, |g 
5|<D ;^ A i^ jWO (Chi jyah. Yuen ho chi jin. 

Aijreeableness, suitableness, 5^ ^ngdm ; the quality 
of pleasing, ^|^ h6p, i'. Hoh i, ^n^-^^ 'hb 
jS^ung ^ii 'ch6. Hdu sidng yd ch6 ; resemblance, 
^ 3^ h6p^ shik,. Hoh shih. 

Agreeably, pleasingly, ^ A^ ^fun ^in, Hwdn jen, 
^ ^ ijan jin. Jin jen ; conformably, jj^ ,i. I, 



-f^ ¥/^ ,i ,in. I jen ; alike, in the same mamer, — 
^ yat, yeung^. Yih ydng, B8. chiu'. Chdu. 

Agreed, settled by consent, g{/fj ch6uk, ting'. Choh 
ti^f?' MIX iCham ting'. Chin ting, ^^jfjig y^uk, 
ting' kwo'. Yoh ting kwo, ^ ^ kong ^ming, 
Kidng ming; agreed upon the price, ^ i^ "fflj 
teng' kwo' kd'. Ting kwo kid, l^igt^ 'kong kwo' 
kd'. Kidng kwo kid. 

Agreement, an, a contract, '^jnl hbp^ ^fung. Hoh 
t'ung ; a compact, ^ ^ veuk, filiii. Yoh shd, 
^ % liiin' k'ai'. K'iuen k'i, ^ ^!^ k'ai' yeuk . 
K'i yoh, % % ^shu k'ai'. Shu k'i, ^ § ^mang 
shii. Mang shu, ^^ ^ y^uk, ^mang. Yolj mang, 
^ ^ 'i jtdn. I tan ; a contract for a purcliase, 
:^J ^ chdp, ,tdn. Chdh tdn ; an agreement con- 
sisting of two slips of bamboo, ^-^ /li hbp^. Fu 
hoh ; concx)rd, ^\ ^ ^wo hi'. Ho k'i, ^ g^ ^wo 
mukj. Ho muh, ;fg j(i\ ^seung ^wo. Sidng ho, ^ 
fe A -o jts'ing jt'au i' hbp^. Ts'ing t'au i hoh, 
Q^ ^ngdm ; to make an agreement, jt ^'ij l^Pj 
y6uk,. Lih yoh ; to make a contract, tT^^ td 
hbp^ jt'ung. Td hoh t'ung ; to make an agreement 
iixing the amount of earnest money, jj[ ^ ^ 
Idp^ teng' ,tdn. Lih ting tdn, ^I ^'Wf ,td teng' 
t'ipj. Td ting t'ieh ; to make an agreement fixing 
the time of payment, jj1^|^ Idp^ hdn' ^tdn. Lih 
hdn tdn ; to make out a ti-ansfer of goods or pro- 
perty, jjL ^ f^ Idpj mdi' k'ai'. Lih mdi k'i. 

Agrestic, gg -f^ §^ p'i tsuk^ tik,. P'i suh tih, ;|!^ 
%^ ,ts'iin '16 tik,. Ts'un Idu tih, ^^^ tsuk^ 
'15 tik,. Suh Idu tih. 

Agricultural, ^^:^^ ,kwdn ^ii ^nung sz'. Kwdn 
yu nung sz, ^ ^ P|t $^ ,kang chung' k^' sz'. 

Agriculture, ^^ jiung sz". JS'ung sz, j^ ffl ;^ ^ 
^kang jt'in ,chi sz'. Kang t'ien chi sz, y^^ kang 
kd'. Kang kid, % fl kd' sliik,. Kid sih, j^ || 
;kang chik^. Kang chih ; Great Director of Agri- 
culture, ;^ bJ ;^ tdi' ,sz jUung. Td sz nung ; 
Board of Agriculture, €] ;^ ^ ,sz ^nung ,sz. 8a 
nvmg sz; Superintendent of Agriculture, o\ j| 
^ jSZ ^nung ,hing. Sz nung k'ing. 

Agriculturist, an, ^ ^ jUung ^fu. Nung fu, ^ ^ 
juung ^kd. Nung kid, HJ ^ ^t'ln ,kd. T'ien kid, 
H ^ ,t'in fu. T'ien fd, }^ ^ ,kang ,fu. Kang 

1". M^ «"^^»P i'"'^"- ^'ii^g ^^^' J^ffl^ M^l^ 
,t'in'15. Kang t'ien Idu, tflS9j^,t'in,man (or mang). 

T'ien mang; implements of agriculture, ;^}J^^ 
,nung M' ku'. Nung k'i kii, ^B^^^ik ,^^% 
,t'in k6' kd 'fo. 

Agrimony, fjg^^ slung ,ngd ts'oi'. Lung yd ts'di. 

Agrion, species of, 5^ 2ft cliik, tsut,. Chih tsuh, ^ 
^ kbm' .fdn. Kdn fan. 

Aground, as a ship, j^ f]^ hong' shd. Hdng shd, 
j^j^ hong^ 'ts'in. Hdng ts'ien, ^;^ kok, 'ts'in. 
Koh ts'ien. 

Ague, ^}^ fdt, nang. Fdh lang, f^^ y6uk, t«a' 
Yoh tsih, ^ ^ ydukj ching'. Yoh ching. f^ 
ydukj peng'. Yoh ping, tJ IH^'^ '•^'^' ^*''- '^^ 
pili tsz ; intemiittent fever, H^ |ft ^ ^ <! |^ 



AGU 



(41) 



A IE 



jhon it, Vong Joi ,chi peng-. Han jeh wang lai 
Chi ping, ^ '^ M^Z'& scli'iii 'lang ,ch'iu it, 
^cM cliing'. Ch'au lang ch'an jeh chi ching. 

Ague-fit, ^ ^ fdt, -lang. Fah lang. 

Aguish, ^ ^ ^ ^ 'ts'z kok, fat, "lang. Sz kioh 
fah lang. 

Ah, O^Dlil ,ai ja, \>$pf u/ii. Wuhu, P.|^,u /u. 
Wii hu, Pf ^ ,hu ^tse. Hii tsie, fj^pl ^i ^i. I hi ; 
ah me ! i^ Q^jj ai ja. 

Aha! [g ^i. I, ^VM ctse ,tse. Tsie Tsi^. 

Ahead, in front, ^ .ts'in. Ts'ien, '^^M. tsoi' 
^sin jt'au. Tsai sien t'au, ^ "lu H tsoi" .ts'in ^t'au. 
Ts4i ts'ien t'au; ahead of another, i^jtM, chim' 
^sin jt'au. Chen sien t'au; to sail ahead, ,^;^'^ 
'shai ^sin ^t'au. Shi sien t'au, ,^ ^^ B^ 'shai kwo' 
jt'au. Shi kwo t'au. 

Ahoy, as, ship ahoy ! |^H^ ,ch'iii ^fau ^loi. Ch'au 
t'au lai, ,^ iql" ^ 'shai .ts'in .loi. Shi ts'ien lai, 

iS M. ^ V^\ s^^i A^i- Poll ^'^ 1^- 

Aid, help, ^ ^ ,pong cho". Pang tsii, |f ^ fu' 
cho'. Fu tsu. If j^ fvr s6ung\ Fii siang, || .g 
fu- yik,. Fii yih, ^ ^ tsan' cho'. Tsan tsii, ^ 
^ .fii cho-. Fii ts^, ^ ^ ,fu .shing. Fu ching; 
to aid mutually, TJig^ seung cho". Siang tsu, ^ 
^ ^seung ^pong. Siang pang ; to give aid, Si ^ 
-ii cho-. Yu tsu, ^^ tse' cho". Tsie tsu ; to aid, 
as assistants, f^ ^ ,p'ui cho'. P'ei tsu, ^ ^ 
,pong 'shau. Pang shau, g|J ^ fii' i". Fii rh, j^ 
15 tso' i\ Tso rh, If ^ fu^ yau\ Fii yii, ^ ^ 
cho' yau'. Tsu yii ; to give additional aid, ^ :fi^ 
,pong 'p6. Pang pii, Bg ^ ,p'ui 'po. P'ei pu, ^ 
^ .t'im 'po. T'ien pu ; to succour, ^ ^ tsai' 
cho'. Tsi tsii, H •;^ ^chau tsai'. Chau tsi, ^ ^ 
,shi tsai'. Shi tsi, .^'[jfil ^chau sut,. Chau siuh, '^ 
^ ^shi 'sh6. Shi shie. 
,Aid-de-Camp, ^ j^ ^ts'im pb'. Siun pii. 

Aided, assisted, ^ ^ j^ ,mung cho' kwo'. Mung 
tsii kwo ; was aided hy him, =ff= M tS ^ ^ t^k, 
kwo' 'k'u pong cho' ; received succour, ^ ^ tS 
,@, J^ shau' kwo' ^k'ii jan 'tin, # M tS M 'M 
tak, kwo' "k'ii ^chau tsai'. 

Aider, one who assists, ^ ^ ^ <pong 'shau 'ch^. 
Pang shau ch6, ^-^ ,pong 'shau. Pang shau. 

Aiding, ^Kf ^pong cho'.' Pdng tsu, ^^ ,pong /li. 
Pang fii. 

Aigue-marine, see Aquamarina. 

Ail, indisposition, ^ tsat,. Tsih. 

Ail, to, -^ ^ 7au tsat,. Yii tsih, ^ ^ yau peng'. 
Yii ping, p§ g ^ jin tsz' .in. Wu tsz jen, P§-^ 
J^ j-m shau' yung'. Wii shau yung, P§- § ^ jUI 
tsz' tsoi'. Wii tsz tsai, P§- ^ ^ ^ s^n ^to tsz' ^In. 
Wu to tsz jen; what ails you? f5^ j|,-{i^ 'nl kin' 
«iat> ye, f:$i ^ i^ %I kin' 'tim, ^^^3 S iS? 
Oa^ -ni kin' ^m ,to tsz' .in ^me. 

Ailing, indisposed, ^ ^ yau tsat,. Yii tsih, p§- 
^ ^ ^m .to tsz' jin. 

Ailment, indisposition, >^ ^ yau peng'. Yu ping, 
-^ ^ ^ ■^ S T^^ '^s'oi .san .chi .yau. Yu ts'ai 
«in chi yii. 



^ 



Aim, the mark or target, 1(f^ 'pa. Pd, ^JT" :fg, 'ta 'pa, 
Td Pa, ^^ tik,. Tih, ^XiS!^ jhimg ,sam. Hung sin, 
jE ^ ching' kuk,. Ching huh, ^^ :jg she' 'pa. 
Shie pa ; object, ig ,g, i' sz'. I sz, -j^ j^ tai' i'. 
T6, 1, -j^^s tai' chi'. Ta chi ; scheme, ^ ^mau. 
Mau, ^ ^ kai' <mau. Ki mau ; to take aim, i^ 
*p .miii 'chim. Miau chun, |JJ Jg jmiu ching'. 
Miau ching, ^^ cmiii chung'. Miau chung; to 
learn to take aim, ^^^^ hok, jUiiti ^t'au. Hioh 
miau t'au, ^ '^ ^ hok, 'chun .t'au. Hioh chun 
t'au ; to have taken a good aim, ^ ^ HS ^o 
jmiii jt'au. Hau miau t'au ; to be clever at aim- 
ing, $f BR ^ 'lib 'ngan fat,. Hau yen fah f} 
Wi^ 'ho Tigan kai'. Hau yen kiai ; to miss one's 
aim, ^X Pa 4* '^^ s'^ chung' ; to fail in one's ob- 
ject, ^ # a iS pat, tak, 'ki i'. Puh teh ki i, 
pS. ^ :|H. ^ ^m ^mau tak, .sliing. Wu mau teh 
ching ; to aim at a mark, ^ :{^ jmiii 'pa. Miau 
pa, tX:ftl 'td 'pd. Td pa, :^vp .miu 'chun. Midu 
chun, ^ m ^miii 'pa. Midu pd ; to point at, "^ 
[S] 'chi heung'. Chi hidng ; to attempt to obtain, 
J^^ jk'au tak,. K'iu teh ; to aim at gain, g( 7J?|j 
jt'b li'. T'li li ; to aim at one's destruction, J^ \ 
ig '^ pdi' yan ^meng tsit,. Pai jin ming tsieh, 

jti^W l^Pi ^' '^^^ ^^^i'- ^^^ ^ s^^ ^^^' P# # 
W A (y^^ ^^> l^^i' sY^ii- Yiii *iili li^i Jill ' to 
aim. at in conversation, Bh^h ^m' 'chi. Ngdn chi; 

to aim at much, ij^ ^ jk'au .to. K'iii to ; to talk 
without aim, |^HM29 n&ap, .sdm ngap, sz' ; to 
aim at excelling, >^ ^ <k'au shing'. K'iii sliing, 
^#lllA pat, 'liang .shii yan, Pg#|^ ,m fan' 
.shii ; to aim high, }^ .ling. Ling, M'^'lMK 
chi' tsoi' .ling yan. Chi tsai ling jin ; to aim at 
by improper means, >fc ^ 'f^ .k'au .hiii hang'. 
K'iu kidu Iiing. 

Aimed, directed against, ^ Jg jmiii ching'. Midu 
ching ; pointed at, B^ ^ bm' 'chi. Ngdn chi. 

Aimer, one who aims at a target, |^ lE ffi ^ ciniii 
ching' 'pd 'ch6. Midu cliing pa die; one who 
aims at gain, (0 ^Ij j^ X s^'^ ii' c^i^i iS^^- '^'^ ii 
chi jin, >j< ^ P|E A .i^'au <ts'oi ke' yan. 

Aimless, without aim, ^ ^ ^ jHib teng' kin'. Wii 
ting Iden, ^ ^ ^ jmb 'chii kin'. Wii chii kien, 
is l^\f ^ .mb tik, kin'. .Wii tih kien. 

Aimsight, ^}^^ 'chun ^t'au. Chun t'au. 

Air, the fluid wliich we bi-eathe, ^ hi'. K'l ; the 
atmosphere, ^ ^ ti' hi'. Ti k'i, %!^Z7tM 
.t'in ..himg .chi jiin hi'. T'ien k'ung chi yuen k'i ; 
gas (oxygen), ^^ yevmg hi'. Ydng k'i; wind, 
^ .fung. Fmig; a light breeze, ^f^ .fung 'tsai. 
^ita Ht sai' ,fung. Si fung, :}^ li. .mi cft^g- WI 
fung, H ^ <lieng .fung. K'ing fung ; a gentle 
breeze, ^^ yau ^fung ; a tune, ^H, ^ko /ung. 
Ko fung, ^ 1^ .ko .shi. Ko shi ; a national air, 
gH, kwok, .fung. Kwoh fung; good manners (of 
a person), ^ ^^ .fimg kdk,, ^ ^ .sz .man. Sz 
wan, ^ ^ ^man h\^. Wan yd, ^ ^ .fung to'. 
Fung tii, ^H .fung t'di'. Fung t'ai, ^f^ ,ying 
chong'. Hing chwang ; a dignified air, ^ ^ ^wai 



AIR 



(42) 



ALA 



,tuug. Wei fung ; airs, haughtiness, ^ ^ ,kili 
^king.Kidu king, ^-^^^ ^mun ^shan ng6* hi'. 
Mwdn shin ngdu k'i, ^ ^ 'hb tdi' ,hong, f^ 
^ ^ 'h5 t6i' M, ^-k^^ 'h6 tdi- kd' 'tsz ; 
in the open air, ^ ^ hV ^t'in. Lu t'ien, ^ ^ 
,tong ^t'ln. Tdng t'ien, ^ ^ ,tong ,hung. Tdng 
k'ung; above in the air, j^ cf? <hung ^chung. 
K'ung chung ; a sorrowful air, ^ ^ jau shik,. 
Yu sih, V^ jS ^ # ^lin min' ^shau ^yung. 
Mwdn mien tsau yung ; to take fresh air, ^ ^ 
'T'au jl6ung. T'au Mng, |^ ^ sshing ^l^ung. 
Ohing Hang, ^ ^ ndp^ ^l^ung. Nah lidng ; cas- 
iles in the air, ^ ^ ung' siin'. Ung swan. 

Air, to, (as clothes), ^^ long^. Mng; to pread out 
to air, flp^ ^ long^'^hoi. Mng k'di ; to hang up 
to dry, J^ ^ long^ 'hi. Ldng k'i ; air it, t},7,ft tg 
long' chii' ^k'ii ; to dry, Q^ shdi'. Shiii, na|£ shdi' 
,kon. Shdi kdn ; to open out in the air, tj" ^ ^ 
M. P^ 'td ,hoi pi- /ung ,ch'ui. Td k'di pi fung 
ch'ui ; our design has taken air, gf H H HI kai' 
jtnau 16' ch'ut,. Ki mau lu ch'uh. 

Air-balloon, see Balloon. 

Air-bladder, ^ ^g, /ung ,pdu. Fung pdu. 

Air-built, chimerical, :^7 ^ ^ ^ wdn^ 's6ung ^chi 
sz'. Hwdn sidng chi sz, ^ ^ ^t, M <hung wdn' 
^chl 'sdung. K'ung hwdn chi sidng. 

Air-gun, ^ ^ ^f^ng /s'^ung. Fung ts'iang. 

Air-hole, ^1^ ill' >ng. K'i lung, ^B^ hi' 'ngdn. 
K'i yen, \i\MZ% ^h'ut, hi' ,chi 'hung. Ch'uh 
k'i chi k'ung. 

ALr-plant, ^ ^ tiii' jldn. Tidu Idn, ^^ fung Jdn. 



^o s' 



Fung Idn. 



Air-pump, ^M,Z^^ .c^'a^ S^^S A^ 1^^'- Cb'au 
fiuig chi k'i, ^\jm W M .t'ung. K'i ki t'ung, 
tt ^ ^ ,cli'au hi' tsit^. Ch'au k'i tsieh. 

Air-stone, ^JJ^ jHio /6 shek,. Mo tdu shih. 

Ail- tight, ^ ^5 cfung mat^. Fung mih. 

Airing, to take an, ^ J% jau un\ Y\i wdn. 

Airy, consisting of air, MM,^ <^^^^ ^^' *^^>' ^'^'^" 
k'i tih ; cool, 1i^ ^, ,ml ,16ung. Wi lidng ; light 
and airy (as a dress), ^ ^ || 'ki sl6ung 'shong. 
KI lidng sliwdng ; pleasantly cool, ^ ^ ,heng 
jl6ung. K'ing lidng; vain, without solidity, ^^ 
Jiil jfau. Hii fau ; airy talk, ^^ t^i^ng 'i\. Fung 
yii. IM. W }^^ s^n- Hii yen, — ^ |g W yat, p'in' 
Jiii jIn. Yih p'ien hii yen ; gay, tA\. ^ ^p'ai 
jCh'6ung. P'ai ch'dng; sprightly, f^'||^ (l»^ng fdi'. 
K'ing kw'di ; as light as air, ittttji^PHfi^ jt'ong 
^mi yik^ k6m' ,heng, ^ |.f; ^ p^j ^ Idn' ^sz ^ts'in 
k6m' ,heng, ^ )^ \\i^ )^ ^ ,heng kwo' higdn ,ml 
^mb ; acccssibk> to air, jif ^ J^^ 'h6 hi' sik^. Hdu 
k'i sih, ^f ^ |J| 'h6 ,lcung 'shoug. Hdu lidng 
shwdng. 

Aisle, the side portions of a chui'ch, j^^-'^^i^ 
1^ Hai pdi' jt'ong ,chl ,p'in ,kdn. LI pW t'dng chi 
p'ien kien. 

Ajuga, species of, ^^M '1^ 'f'i ,s6. Ldu hii sii. 

Akin, related by blood, ^ jQ ,ts'an shuk^. Ts'in 
f*liuh, j^ ifi:\ts'an kau'. Ts'in kin, ^ i^ >'an 



,lun. Ts'in iun. 



Alabaster, ;A: 3^ ;5 tdi' *K shek^. Td 11 shih, ^ 3£ 
pdk^ yukj. Peh yuh. 

Alack ! H|^ H^ ,ai ,yk, ^ ^ ^oi ^tsoi. Ngdi tsdi, pg| 
^ /s6 ,ti. Tsi6 hii. 

Alacrious, cheerful, $1 '^ |^ ,^Png fai' tik,. K'ing 
kw'di tih, ^ ^ Jiai fok,. Hwui hoh, -j^ ^ fai' 
6t^. Kw'di hwoh. 

Alacriously, '|^ ^^ fdi' >. Kw'di jen, ^ ^ fai' 
ts'ii'. Kw'di ts'ii. 

Alacrity, cheerfulness, j^ ^ ikV lok. Kw'di loh ; 
sprightliness, ^ ^ ,heng fdi'. King kw'ai, || 
'(^ 'shong fdi'. Shwdng kw'di ; to do a thing with 
alacrity, /^ ^ pt ^^ t'iu' 'hi kom' hu' ts6^ 
^ 5i rfij :J^ 111 yt^uk, ,1 ^wai. hi yoh rh wei. 

Alai-m, cry of approaching danger, PJ^ ^ [^ hdm' 
jUgai 'him. Hdn wei liien ; alarm of fire, j|j^ ^ 
;^ ^ kau' 'fo ^chl ,shing. Kiu ho chi shing ; a- 
lai-m of robbers, Pjgc M ^ ^ hdm' ts'dk, ^chl 
^shing. Hdn ts'ih chi shing ; alarm of danger of 
li^e, PJ^ 1^ ^ ;^ ^ hdm' kau' meng* ,chl ^shing. 
Hdn kill ming chi shing; a tumult, Wp (^ 'ch'du 
ndu'. Ch'du ndu, Pf Vi/ ^ts'b 'ch'du. Ts'du ch'du, 
If IJp ^hiin ^wd. Hiuen hwk ; fright, i^ ft /ong 
jmong. Hwdng mdng, ^ i^ ,keng ,fong. King 
hwdng; alarm of war, fdi ^ ;^ ^ chin' tan' chi 
^shing. Chen tau chi shing ; the call to arms, PJ^^ 
ttl ^ 1^ hdm' ch'ut, ^kd 'fo. Hdn ch'uh kid ho ; 
"J^ ^ R ham' fu^ tau'. Hdn fii tau, t^^^ 
hdm' ii' tik^. Hdn yu tih ; to frighten silly people, 
^ # jil ^ 'hung hdk, jii ^man. K'ung hih yd 
min. 

Alarm, alarm clock, f^^ ndu' ^chung. Ndu chimg. 

Alarm rattle, P|bJ §^ 'heung jling. Hidng <ling. 

Alarm, to give the, P^ hdm'. Hdn, Itij- kiu'. Kidu, 
P^PJ^ ,fu hdm'. Hvi hdn, p^pg /u hot,. Hii hoh;. 
to frighten, ^ i^ ^keng hdk,. King hih, ^ R|p 
'hung h^k,. K'ung hih ; to terrify, J| 5^ chan' 
^keng. Chin king ; to disturb, ^^^ M6 Iun*. Jdu 
Iwdn ; to alarm people, \^ \ hik, jan. Hih jin, 

#^A h^K M^^" Ja^- llil^ king jin ; to akrm 
by threats, 1^ j$ hdk, chd'. llih chi ; do not 
frighten me, l|§ ^?# ife ,m '1»^ li^k 'ngo. 

Alarmed, to be, ^ ^keng ^^^ 'hung /ong. K'ung 
hwdng, f>g{f|| 'hung ku^ K'ung kii, fjfi f|| 'sung 
kii'. Simg kii, H fH wai' kii'. Wei kii, {f Hfr 
/'ai ,sai. T'l si, titifrff ,t'ai .fai ,sai sai, f§ 
11 ,p'ong jwong. P'dng hwdng, ^ ^ Jbng 
,ch6ung. Hwdng chdng, fffi f?ft It # ,fong ,fong 
^ch6ung ,ch6ung, Wi§^^ sP'ong ^p'ong ,wong 
jWong, ^ !^ hdk, ^ngoi. llih ngdi, i^ jft Jons: 
jmong. llwdng mdng, <^ ^ i'ong fat,. Hwdng 
hwuh ; to feel uneasy, i\j>'SI-^£l "^"^ P"K V^K 
t'iu', iCi'^^iSI .S''in^ tip, tipj t'iii'; to be trem- 
bling with fear, ^ j^ chin' lut^. Chen luh. ^ 
fP chin' kii'. Chen kii, [^ j^ chin' ,king. Chen 
king, H j§i chan' tlp^. Chin tieh. 

Alarming, as a disease, ^ ^ ^ngai ching*. Wai 
clung, }^ ^ 'him clung'. Uieu ching ; an alarm- 



ALA 



(43) 



ALI 



1^ ^ ngok, mung^. Ngoh mung. 
ngok, (in. Ngoh jen. 



Hwang t'ang, ^ 



ing dream, 

Alarmingly, *j^ 

Alai-mist, ^ j^ {ong jt'ong. 

^P^ 'hung hak, jan ke', 3lEp;^A c^wai mau' 
jChi jyan. Kwai miii chi jin. 

Alarum, an, a Chinese bell, yfC ^ muk, tolq. Muh 
toh. 

Alas ! :^ ^ ,oi ^tsoi. Ngai tsai, P% vf ^u ,fu. Wii 
hii, t^vf A ^fu. Wu hu, ^ ^ ^tse ,u. Tsi6 hu, 
|if pf ^i\hl, i^Pf or ^a. Ngai ya, Pf ^ ^hii >e. 
Hii tsie, ^ ^ ,tsz ^tse. Tsz tsie, ^ Bi ,i ,tse. I 
tsie ; alas ! what words are these? ^ :;^ '^ "^ -t^ 
^u shi- jho (In 7^. Wii shi ho yen ya, ^i^^'Uj 
^ -(^ l^f^ ^hai Tii ko' kii' ^shing mat, shut, wa". 

Alauda, woodlark, ^J ^^i ^ ^shan ^ma tseuk,. Shan 
ma tsioh. 

Albatross, '/^ ^| 'hoi sUgo. Hai ngo. 

Albeit, g| ^ jSui ^in. Sui jen. 

Albino, ^ \ pak, ^yan. Peh jin. 

Albion, ^ ^ "j^ ^ J^^o kwok, 'ku ^meng. Ying 
kwoh kii ming. 

Albugo, a white speck in the eye, B^ f|? Q ^j^ -ngdn 
i^chimg pak, 'tlm. Yen chung peh tien, B^ ^ Q 
^{^ Tigan 'hi p4k, 'tlm. 

Album, an, Q^ pak, po'. Peh pti; a book in which 
friends or strangers insert autographs &c., ^2 ^ 
^ ^ 'ki yau tsap, luk,. Ki yti tsah luh, ^ ^ 
^^ tsap, shin- hang^ luk,. Tsah shen hing luJi; 
a book for inserting photographs, ^ ^ "^ ^ 
t«ap, -yau tseujig^ po'. Tsdh yii si^ng pu, ^ j^ 



^ ^on seiing' po" 



NgSn sidng pu. 



Albumen, ^^ tin- pdk,. Tan peh. 

Albuminous, ^QP|t tdn- pik, ke', ^Q;^^ t^n- 

pdk, chi lui". Tin peh chi lui. 
Alcanna, ^ ^ 'tsz ^chli. Tsz chu. 
Alcea, Avild mallows, 1^ g§ J!R ® T^ <s^i c^wi jmiu. 

Y6 si kwi miiu. 
Alchymist, one who seeks a universal remedy, 'J^ 
4 :^ ^ lin- jCh'^ung ^shang ^tin 'clie. Lien 



ch'ang sang tan che; do. in China, j^^^\. lin" 
jtin id- jan. Lien tin tdu jin, ^ ;^ f llj A li^' 
,tan ^sin jan. Lien tin sien jin, '^^j^^^A 
^shiii ^tin lin' hung' ^chi jan, Shiu tan lien hung 
chi jin. 

Alchymy, the science of finding a universal remedy, 
W- ^ ^:Pi' ^ M. 1™" jCh'eung ^shang ^tan ^chi 
to'. Lien ch'ang sang tkn chi tau, ;^ ^ ^ ^ 
^tan ts6' ^chi sz'. Tan ts&u chi sz; the science aim- 
ing at the transmutation of the baser metals into 
gold, ^ ^ ^ t'ty^ lin- ^kam fat, shut,. Lien kin 
f4h shuh, 'j^#:;^^ lin- ,kam ^chi fat,. Lien kin 
chi f&h, 1/1 i^fti^Z #J 'tim fit, ^shing ^kam 
^chi shut,. Tien t'ieh ching kin chi shuh. 

Alcohol, ^'i^V^ ki^ s'l^^S (j^iig) "^tsau. Kih nung 
tsiti; the strongest liquor in China is called ^f^ 
^sam ngo". San ngau. 

Alcove, a recess, ^^ nir shat,. Mei shih; a recess 
in a garden, '^ J|^_ fi ^t'eng. Hwi t'ing. 

Alder tree, " g^^,:^ ch'ik, j^ung. Ch'ih yang, ^^ 



Ta lau die 
tai" mak, 'tsau 



Ta meh tsiii, ij^ v® 
^ching ^pe "^tsau /ong. Ching 



'hoi shu'. K'ai shii, ;^ ►^ ;^ tsip, kwat, muk,. 
Tsieh kuh muh ; dwarf alder, ^ M shok fok,. 
Sob boh. " 

Alderman, i^ ^ :^ ^ iin- nop 'cheung 'lo. Yuen 
nui chang lau, ^ ^ ^^ yap, ^chung 'cheung 
-16. Yih chung chang lau, ^J ^^ ^h^ung ^shan. 
Hiing shin, ^ifj % ^shan ^k'i. Shin k'i, i^ ^ ^ 
tM^-lo'che. "''■ "•- -^ -' 

Ale, A ^ m 
jpe 'tsau. 

Ale-brewer, 
pe tsiii fang. 

Ale-conner, the, is in China the district magistrate, 
^ ^ lin- 'chii. Yuen chu. 

Ale-house, yg Jt;^ 'tsau ^fong. Tsiii fing, v^j£ '^tsau 
tim'. Tsiii tien, «]g ^ 'tsau ^ka, Tsiu kia. 

Alembic, $^ yg ^ ^ ^S^^' 'tsau _chi hf . Ngau tsiii 
chi k'i, # V® ^ ^ ,^^'^g 'tsau ^chi hi'. Ching 
tsiu chi k'i, yg ^ 'tsau tsang'. Tsiii tsang. 

Aleochara, tumble dung beetle, ^^ ^ k'it, ^keung. 
K'ieh kiing, ^ ^ ^keung jlong. Kiang Idng ; 
another species of the same, ^ ^ /au ^yau. Fau 
yu, ^^§ sfau ^yau. Eau yu, ^^ kii" leuk,. Kii 
lioh. 

Alert, watchful, ^ ^ ftsing (ling. Tsing ling; very 
vigilant, f^ ^ 'ho 'seng. Hiu sing, ^ ^ ^ 'ho 
^chi ^sheng. Hau chi sheng ; nimble, ^ '^ heng 
fii'. K'ing kw'ai, ^ i\^ 'shong fii'. Shwing 
kw'ii; assiduous, "^Jlj)^*; jlau ^sam tik,. Liu sin 
tih ; quick, "^ f^ Q^ kok, ng^ tik,. Kioh wu tih, 
Bi *fa &^ ,'seng ng- tik,. Sing wu tih, ^ ^ ^ 
'seng teng- tik,, ^§i^ ^ 'seng 'seng teng- teng-. 

Alertness, vigilance, ^ ^ ctsing sli^^o- Tsing Hng. 

Aleurites, ^ ^ shek, lut,. Shih lull. 

Alga, a species of edible sea-weed, f^ /^ 'hoi tai'. 
Hai tai. 

Algebra, ^ ^ stin' fat^. Swan fib. 

Algiers, a country in North Africa, 55 ^'1 ^ M ® 
Alichirh kwok,, ^ j^ I^ Oncherh. 

Algor, ^ Zzk'^ .slian ^chi t'ai' 'lang. Shin chi 
t'ai lang -j^j^"^ t'ai' jhon "lang. T'ii ban lang. 

Alias, :^ ^ -yau ^ch'iag. Yii ch'ing, ^|] ^i| pit^ 
^ch'ing. ]?ieh ch'ing, f |] -^ tsik, hai". Tsih hi. 

Alice, 1^ \:^ -nil ^yan ^meng. Nii jin ming. 

Alien, a foreigner, ^ A c^^^^ iJ^^- ^^^ J^^' ^1* ® 
A ngoi- kwok, ^yan. Wei kwoh jin, ^^ \ i' 
(Pong jan. I pang jin, |£ ^^ A '"^^ /^^S J^^- 
Yuen fang jin, j^ ^ 'iin liak,. Yuen k'eh, |^ A 
ji ^yan. 1 jin ; was originally applied to semi-sa- 
vages on the western boundary of the Middle 
kingdom, hence European and N. American na- 
tions should indignantly refuse to accept any 
document in which that character is substituted 
for the proper designations of a foreigner. 

Alien, foreign, ^^ j§ ;z[C pat, shuk, 'piin kwok,. 
Pub shuh piin kwoh ; foreign to tliis, Mltl^te^ 
j^ Ti 'ts'z jm5 ^kwan ship,. Yii ts'z wu kwin 
shih, M itt; ^ 4" ^ '^ 'ts'z jab ,kon ship,. Yii 
ts'z w^^kin siiih, P§- H ^ ^^ ^ J^ ,kwin ^ni 



ALT 



(44) 



ALL 



tf s?} ; belonging to one who is not a citizen, j§ 
^(» A. sJiuk^ ngoi' jan. Shuh wci jin, -(^^f»A'^ 
hai^ ngoi- ,yan ke'. 

Alienable, pf g 'ho mdi\ K'o m^i, ^ ^^ -^ mil' 
tak, hii', pj* |j^ >^ 'ho ^siti shau'. K'o sidu shau, 
/^ ^ ^f ^siti shau' tak,. SiAu shau teh, jtf^'^ 
'hb jSiii jlau. Hdu si^iu liu. 

Alienate, to, to sell, g -^ nidi' hvi', Mdi k'ii; to 
transfer, as property, -f^ fiV, Fii, ^ ^ kSu 'pi. 
Kiau pi, ffffii fu- 'ii. Fu yu, j^^ fiV ^ku. Fii 
kiiu ; to transfer one's property, ^ ^ J^ fu' ^ki 
'ch'dn, Fii kid ch'an ; to give away, ^ -^ ^kdu 
,t'i. Kidu t'i, 1^ ^ A 1^'ap, .t'd jan. Kih t'd 
jin ; to withdraw one's affections, ^ ^ ,1 oi*. I 
»g^i> # H s^ 'ch'ung. I ch'ung, ^ '^? yik^ oi'. 
Yih ngli, J^ ^ pin' oi'. Pien ngii ; to pass out 
of one's hands, j^ "fg ^ ,king ^k'ii 'shau, Jfj ^ 
-^- ch'utj ^k'i 'shau. Ch'uli k'i shau ; to make in- 
different, ^ '1'^ )^ ^kim jts'ing tsim' *lang. 
Ki&u ts'ing tsien lang. 

Alienator, one who transfers property, 'f^ ^ j^ ^ 
fu- kd 'ch'An 'ch6. F(i kid ch'dn chd. 

Alienee, one to whom the title to property is trans- 
ferred, ;ft # ^ H :^ jShing fii' ^kd ip^ 'ch6. 
Ching fu kii nieh che. 

Alight, to, from a horse, ~J> ,|| ^hd ^mi. Hid md, 
^ ,P| lolc -md. Loh md ; to alight from a car- 
riage, ~[\ !^ ^ 'hd Tud ^ch'6. Hid md ch'6 ; to 
alight as a bird, ^ ~f /i 'hd. Fi hid, ^ ^^ /i 
lok,. Fi loh ; to descend, ~f^ ^ 'hd ^loi. Hid Idi, 
^ya lok^ Joi. Loh Idi, "f; ^ 'hd lm\ Hid k'ii; 
to jump off, as from a can-iage, ^ "JC t'iu' 'hd. 
T'idu hid, ^ ^ t'iii' lok,. T'idu loh. 

Alike, resembling, ^ ^ tsdung" Hs'z. Sidng sz, 
t«r #, 'fong fat,. Fdng fuh, i^ ^ ^s6ung ^'z. 
Sidng sz, — ^ yat, yeung'. Yih ydng ; alike, 
in rank, |^[ ^ ^t'ung 'tang. T'ung tang, |^ ^ 
jt'ung 'pan. T'ung pin, ^^ ^p'ing 'tang. P'ing 
tang, j}g ^ ping' 'tang. Ting tang, ^^ jP'ing 
jts'ai. P'ing ts'f, — J^^ yat, ^piin ,k6. Yihpwdn 
kdu, ^0^ J^ ^ ^s6ung /an ^kwan jp'mg. Sidng 
fan kiun p'ing ; as, ^ ^ jau yduk,. Yii joh, 
;lg ^ ,scung y^uk^. Sidng joh. 

Alike-minded, |^ t^ jt'ung ^sam. T'ung sin. 

Aliment, ^i^ shik^ mat^. Shih wuh, ^-^ 'fo shik,. 
Ho shih, jji ^ ,16ung 'ts'6. Lidng ts'du, ^ ^ 
shikj yung'. Sliih yung, ^ j|§ Wi jl6ung. Mi 
lidng. 

Alimental, nourishing, ^ ^ ^ ^ V*-^"? ,shang 
^chi mat,. Ydng sang chi wuh, 4ll :^ ^ ^ P^ 
shan ^chi mat^. Pu shin chi wuh, ^^f]»J ch'ung 
,ki tik,. Ch'ung ki tih. 

Abmcntary, having the quality of nourishing, ^ 
^ ^'^ 'V^ ,^^^^^ S'^^ "la^- P" shin chi wuh, 
^ ^ <2 ^ Veun<; sluing ,chi mat. Ydng sang 
chi wuh, Mj- ^ PfiJt ^ 'ho shik, ke" ViS T/i 111: Kl^L 
1^ 'ting 't'6 k6' V6 ; the alimentary canal, fdj ^ 
^fX 'yam shik, wan' Jiang. Yin shili yun hang. 

Alimony, -^ ^ ;^ P H ,yau ,ts'ai ^chl 'hau ,16ung. 



Hiu ts'i chi k'au lidng, tU ^ ^ # P ^ chut, 
,ts'ai jChi 'y^ung 'hau ,ngan. Ch'uh te'f chi ydng 
k'au yin. 

Alison, -;ii^ \^ ^u jan jmeng. Nu jin ming 

Alive, having life, >^ ^ 'yau ,shang. Yti sang, ^ 
^ -^ ^au ,shang meng', Yu sang ming, ^ ^ 
^ yu ,shang hi'. Yii sang k'i, ^ JQL M Vau 
hut, hi'. Yii hiueh k'i, 'j^ ^ ^ hai' .sliang tik,. 
Hi sang tih ; to be still alive, ^ f^ shdung* ut,. 
Shdng hwoh, "fip^ ^ sh^ung' ,sliang. Shdng sang, 
jpt 'i^ WJ **ht'ung* lit^ tung^. Shdng hwoh tun?, 
H ^ Chung' ,8liang. Chung sang, ^^^^ 
sheung' mi' }b ^nai ; active, T^'^f) <it^ tung^. H^voh 
tung, ^ H^ shang tung^. Sang tung; livelv, ^ 
^ ,heng fdi'. K'ing kw'di ; cheerful, -|^ ^ fdi' 
lit,. Kw'di hwoh; alive to the fjact, nj\^^f^^ 
jming ^chi ko' kin' sz'. Ming chi ko kien sz. 

Alkalescent, tending to the property of an alkali, 
*j|f^|£f j? /seung ^shing 'kdn ^shd. Tsidng ching 
kien shd. 

Alkali, potash, \^^'i^ 'kdn shd. Kien shd, ^ 'kdm. 
Kien ; soda, ^ ffj ^su 'td. 

Alkaline, ^f,|i^;^ff 'kdn ^shd ,chi chat,. Kien shd 
chi chill . 

Alkalization, ^ ^ j^^ fp fd' ,wai 'kdn ,shd. Hwd 
wei kien shd. 

Alkoran, [eJ |EJ i^ <$: ii ^ Ai <ui kdu' ,chi shing' 
^king. Hwui hwui kidu chi shing king. 

All, the whole niunber, ^ ^kdi. Kidi, /L S^^- ^^^> 
^ chii. Chu, ^ 't^ung. Tsung, ^ chung*. 
Chung, 15 ,t6. l\i, ^ /s'im. Ts'ien, ^ ,hdm. 
Hien, ^ ^kii. Kii, ^ tsun'. Tsin, ^ 'tsim. Tsin, 
^ sik,. Sih, ^ ,koi. Kdi, it kung'. Kung, ^ 
mdn'. Wdn, ^' pdk,. Peh, ^ 'ku. Ku, ;j^ 'tsung. 
Tsung, ^ p'in'. P'ien, — -g ^ vat, kii tau ; 
all men, X "^ sJ'*^ t^^^- J'*^ l^'^i» :^ A chung' 
jan. Chung jin, /L A S^^ J^n. Fdn jin, A A 
jan Jan. Jin jin, ^ j't chung' ,fdn. Chung fdn; 
all nations, ^^ mdn' kwok,. V^'in kwoh, ^^ 
mdn' jinan. "Wdn min, ^ ^ mdn' sing'. Wdn 
sing, ^ ^ mdn' ,pong. Wdn pdng ; all regions, 
H -^ mdn' ,fong. Wdn fdng ; all people, |f ^ 
])dk, sing'. Peh sing, |^ ^ ,kw'an jlai. Kw'an 
Idi, ^Jf^ Jai sliii'. Ldi shu, ^iV|j^ shii' ,man. Shii 
min ; all the world, ^ ^ 'kii shai'. Kvi shi ; all 
over the world, ^ ^ f 'p'd /'in hd'. P'ii fien 
1"^' M ^ T /'""^ y^ hd' ; all round, ^ ^ 
,chau jWai. Chan wci, {|lj ^ sz' jWai. Sz wei ; all 
the day long, ^ Q _chung yat^ Chung jili ; all 
night, ^ ^ ,chung y&. Chung y^, ^^ ^shing 
y6'. Ching y.^. ^ ^ ch'it, y^'. Ch'eh y6, ^ ^ 
^chung tsik,. Cluing tsili, ^^ '^^^S tsik^. King 
tsih, ^ ^ /'ung ,9iii. T'ung sidu, ^ tif ,chung 
,8iii. Chung sidu ; all one's life long, — ^ yat, 
shang. Yih sang, ^^ chung shai'. Chiuig shi, 
— tit y^K shai'. . Yih shi, jj^ ^ chung ^slian. 
Chung shin, ^ ^ pat, ,shang. Pih sang; all 
wrong, ^ np koi ^m6, ^^^^^ wdi ,wdi 'me 
'm6, ^ !Jt^ koi ^lii ; aU the town, Jft g. 'kii yap,. 



ALL 



(45) 



ALL 



Kii yih ; all sold, ^l^^ mai" sai'; all gone, Pj^(|j^ 

|J^4 l^am^ Pan# ^^"8^ iiii'' RiH * '^""S '<;Sung 
hii' ; all spent, j^ t^ 'shai sai' ; all roads unite in 
the end, all systems agree in one, JJJ^ ^ |rI ^ 
kwai. Shii t'li t'ung kwei ; all 



,shu ,t'6 



^t'lmg 



mechanical professions, ^ 1^ pdk, ngai^ Peh i ; 
all the officers, ~^ ^' pak, ^kun. Peh kwan ; to 
comprehend all, jg ^ jfung 'hiu. T'ung liidu, 
^ ^ tsun^ sliik,. Tsin shih ; words cannot ex- 
press all, 'M\^l 's6 ,m ^iu, p P§B^ 'kong ^m 
sai' ; I cannot write aU I have to say, ^^^^ 
^shii patj tsun^ ^in. Shu puh tsin yen ; all things, 
M '¥j] inan^ mat,. Wan vrah ; all are the same, 
# # ^ % — U 1^"^' kin^ ^to hai^ yat, yeung^ ; 
all at once, ^^ jf^ fat, ^in. Hwuh jen ; all over, 
jfi i^i c^'^^o \\ii\'. T'ung hi ; he got nothing at 
all, ^S^JlfiPgff yat, ,ti ,t5 ^m tak„ —%Z^'l% 
yat, jh6 pat, tak,. Yih h6u puh teh, ^i? ^^ ^ |E 
^s6 %m ^to ,m6 ; with all one's heart, ^ {'(^ tsun' 
,sam. Tsin sin ; we all, or all of us, ;^^ tai^ Jiik. 
Ti, kia ; all the family, ^ ^ h6p^ ^ka. Hoh kia, 
^$i'^ 'kii jkd. Kii kia ; all trees and herbs, ^ ^ 
"^ TfC pak, 'ts'6 pak, muk . Peh ts'au peh muh ; 
aU finished, ^^^^^^ k ^king ts6^ sai', (5 g| 
^i tsun^ I tsin ; by all means, ^ ^ ^ts'in man'. 
Ts'ien wd,n; aU the better, J^^ kang' ^h6. Kang 
hau; it is all one, ^ji-f^j — ^ ,t6 hai' yat, yeung^. 

All-fools-day ^^ p\ fij] — ■ /an sz' tit, ^ch'o yat,. 
Fan sz yueh tsu yih. 

All-fom*s, to go on, ^ J£ 3^ ^T shau tsuk, ping' 
Jiang. Shau tsuh ping hang ; to creep, Jf|i^ Jan 
"ti-. Lan ti; f/M;Ti!l^Hlii]|| sz' k6uk, ^ts'uiti' Jan. 
Sz kioh sui ti lan. 

AU-hail II mMi^^ ""' fiik, Mai 'ni. Yuen fuh 
kwei ni, ,i|, /^g |g ^^, man' fuk, ,kwai Tii. WAn 
fuh kwei nl. 

All-heal ^ f^ tuk^ lit,. Tub hwoh. 

All-judgiug IP ^ij ^ 1^ 'sham p'un' mdn' ^man. 
Shin pw'an wan min, |p ^ij ^| ^ 'sham p'un' 
m^n' sz'. Sliin pw'an wdn sz. 

All-knowing ^ j^B Js'iin ^chi. Ts'iuen chi, M.^jj-'^ 
^ Toib 'sho pat, ^chi. Wii so puh chi, ^:^^^ 
sz- sz- Jo ^chi, fi-f^^^^ kin- kin' Jvdi ^chi. 
Kien kien kiai chi. 

All-loving fljljS^^^'^ pxh 'sho pat, oi'. Wii so puh 
ngdi, M. \^ ^ 'gV ^mb hdn' ^chi oi'. Wu hien chi 
ngai, ^ 15ff- ^ III oi' ,md pat, p'in'. Ngai wu puh 
p'ien. 

All-powerfid fe ^ ^ g^ s™^ '^"^^ Pat, p^^^- Wii 
so puh nang, ^g| Js'iin ^nang. Ts'iuen nang. 

All-righteous (God) ^If. ^ ^ ^ .mo pat, ,kung i^ 
Wti puh kung 1. 

All-saints-day %t~^^:tBM ^^' '^<^ shing' ^chi 
yat^ .k'i. Ki kii shing chi jili k'i, # + — ^ ^<7J 
— • /An shapj yat, iit^ ^ch'o yat, yat^. Fan shih 
jih yueh tsu yih jih. 

AJll-souls-day =^|= -f* — ^ f7/ H /^n shap^ yat, 
iitj ^ch'o i' yatj. Fdn shih yih yueh tsu rh jih, if-j^ 

H^iWiAMM^Zm^mm '^'^ yat, /'in 



jWan jk'i 



'chii kdu' ^yan wai" 'sz 'chd ^chi Jing 

to. Ts'z jih t'ien chii kidu jin wei sz che <^hi 

ling hwan k'i tau. 

AU-sufficiency ^ g^ /s'iin ^nang. Ts'iuen nang, 
^^JI'^B^ ,m6 'sho pat, ^nang. Wii so puh nang, 
fj=ff:^ il kin' kin'- ,kai, nang. 

AU-wise ^ ^ Js'iin chi'. Ts'iuen chi. 

Allah * J2 'ffj' sheung^ tai'. Shang ti. 

Allay, to, to repress, J^^ sik,. Sili, J|g t\t,. Yali, ^ 
at,. Ngoh, \\^ 'chi. Chi; to allay one's anger, ^ 
AZM at, jan chi no'. Ydh jin chi nii, J^ X 
Z ^. sik, .yan^chi no'. Sib jin chi mi, j^ M 
'chi no'. Chi mi ; allay your wrath, P)|t ^ ^ 
Tiiai ko' nd- ; to allay thirst, j^ '/^ ,sivi hot,. Si4u 
hoh, ^'l j^ 'kai hot*,. Kiki bob, Jj^ y^ 'chi hot,. 
Chi bob ; to allay pain, jj- ifg 'chi t'ung', Chi 
t'ung ; to allay sorrow. ^ ^ 'kdi ,yau. Kidi yu 5 
to aUay sufferings, ^ ||| ^ || t'iit, Ji 'fii nan'. 
T'oh li k'u nan. 

Allegation, affirmation, fj |f^ ching' shiit . Ching 
shwoh, VU i^ k'ok, shiit,. K'ioh shwoh, ^ |^ 
shat, shiit . Shih shwoh ; that which is advanced 
as the truth, f flj ^ -^ ID 't'ong sak, ^chl /s'z. 
T'ang seh chi ts'z ; a plea of justification, |^ ^^ 
J'ui 't'ong. Tui t'ang, 4£ =^ t'ok, J'sz. T'oli 
t'sz; the passage quoted, j5/f ^| ^ H^ 'sho -yaii 
^chi shiit,. So yin chi shwoh, f^ ^\ Z ^ '^1"" 
yan ,chi kii'. So yin chi kii. 

Allege, to, to affirm, fiE5||' ching' k'ok^. Ching k'ioh, 
fj ^ w&' shat,. Hwa shih, 5^ ^ |^ k'ok^ shat, 
wa'. K'ioh shUi hwa ; to assert, ^ |=| S. ^ lik, 
pin' jk'i shi'. Lili pien k'i shi ; to advance as 
ti-utb, ■^^ ^ 't'ong sak,. T'ang seh ; to advance 
as an excuse, |§ ji^ fi] ^ tsik, Jiin 't'ong sak^. 
Tsib tw&n t'ang seh, ^6 |^ |i |^ t'ok, Js'z /'lii 
't'ong. T'oh ts'z tui t'dng ; to quote, ^| "^an, 1^ 
^1 jiin 'yan. Yuen yin, ^ ^| tse' ^yan. Tsii^yin, 
^ ^1 Jiin ^'an. Hien yin. 

Alleged, affirmed, f^ 5IM A W ^^^ 1*^'^' ^'^\ ^l^at,. 
Hwd kwo k'ioh shih, '^ ^]^^ ^ Js'ang lik, 
pin' Jc'i shi'. Ts'ang lih pien k'i shi ; advanced as 
the tmth, %pi^M. ct''ii 't'ong kwo'. Tui t'ang 
kwo ; quoted, '^| }|^ 'yan kwo'. Yin kwo. 

Alleging, asserting, fif 5^ clung' k'ok,. Ching k'ioh; 
advancing as the truth, -^ ^ 't'ong sak,. T'&ng 
seh ; advancing as an excuse, :j^ ^ /'lii 't'ong. 
Tui t'ang; quoting, ^| yan. Yin, ^ ^j ^un 
'yan. Yuen yin. 

Allegiance, fidelity to a sovereign, ^ ^ ^chung 
sun'. Chung sin, ]^ i<^ f^ ^ ^chung ^sam p6' 
'chii. Chung sin pu cbii, ^, ii'j f ^ g ^chung ^sani 
p6' kwok,. Chung sin pii kwob ; to swear allegi- 
ance to a sovereign, g ^ ^ ti;^ tsz' 'ch'i ^cbiing 
^sam. Tsz shi chung sin, ^ ^ ,£, E shai' ,wal 
^chung jShan. Shi wei chung cliin ; oath of allegi- 
ance, § ^ ^ M sl^ai' Js'ung Tiiau ^wong. Shi 
ts'ung mau hw^g, ^^ ^in ^liai" 's^au ^chung 



ALL 



(40) 



ALL 



8urx'. Shi shau chuug sin. 

Allegorize, to, to use allegory, M i^fl P^ J'^wig^ 'pi 
ii^ Yung pi vu. 

Allegory #1^ p'i' ii^ P'( yd, i^^ P^ pi n\ Pi yd, 
i^t fk 1'^ '""'• ^^ ^"" » ^ spoak by way of alle- 
gory, i| i;fe 1^ 'kong 'pi u^ Ki/mg pi yu, UJ- j:(; 
1^ ch'it, 'pi ii'. Shell pi yii, ^yl^ ls6' <pi ii^ 
Tsi^ pi yu, ^1 >(: Pg^ Vn ^ u^ Yin pi yu, ^ 
P^ ^ tse' u' ^in. Tsi6 yu yen, J^ ^ 'ts'ii p'i'. 
'rs'up'i,Ji;$:^^yau, chilli. 

AUelujah '^^ Jl'rji* tsdn' tsung^ sh^iing* tai'. Tsdn 
sung shfing ti, \l',{i ^ 1i^ ± "^ ,kwai ^wing ^ii 
sh^ung" tai'. Kwei yung yii shdng ti. 

Alleviate, to, to mitigate, ^ \Am. Kien ; to alle- 
viate pain, j£ ^ ehi t'ung'. Chi t'ung; to alle- 
viate one's sufferings, ^^iji^^'l^ jCh'ii ,heng ^an 
jUdn. Ch'u k'ing kien nan, ^ Al^^M ^'^i' J^^ 
,ch'i\ nin'. T'i jin ch'ii nan ; to soothe, ^ ^ 
fii wai'. Fu wel, ^ ^ ^on wai'. Ng4n wei, ^ 
^ wai' 15-. Wei Idu ; to rentier lighter or bear- 
able, ^n^f!% l»i^ 'k'u 'tai ,tong tak„ ^ 
fg ^ # ^ 'sz 'k'u shau^ tak 'hi, ^ fg +0 ^ 
fl ^ lin^ ^k'ii ,tam >ig tak, 'hi, mUtMi^M 
>i 'k'ii ,ngdi tak, 'hi. 

Alleviated, mitigated, ^ j||^ 'kdm kwo'. Kien kwo ; 
relieved, j^.^i^ .di'ii hii' kwo'. Ch'ii k'ii kwo ; 
eased as pain, ^ f^ jl^ .ch'ii Jieng kwo'. Ch'u 
k'ing kwo ; soothed, ^ 4t M '^^ ^^^' kwo'. Fu 
wei kwo, ^i^)^ jOn wai^ kwo'. Ngan wei kwo ; 
rendei-ed lighter or beai-able, '(^ M fB ^ 1S^ |^ 
'pi kwo' ^k'ii 'tai ^tong tak^. 

Alleviation, mitigation, ^^ 'kdm ^heng. Kien k'ing; 
diminution, ^*^ 'kdm. Kien ; partial relief, j^^ ^ 
^ch'u jhcng. Ch'u k'ing ; the rendering (of suffer- 
ings &c.) lighter or bearable, "^ lWm % ^ 
linse ^k'u .tong tak, 'hi, -(^ tB tj # a^ pi 



'k'u jUgki tak, 'hi ; soothing, 



'fuwai'. Fii 



wei, ^^ ,on wai'. Ng6,n wei ; ditto of pain, ^ 
^ 'fu t'ung'. Fu t'ung. 

Alley, an, a walk, in a gaixien, ^ ^ ,sho ^li. Sii li, 
^ W A^ a''^ng- Su p'ang, :^- ^ ^fa j)'dng. 
ilwd p'ang, :fg :^ /ji king'. Hwa king ; a cover- 
ed walk as on the sides of the entrance to the 
ancestral halls, ^^ ^yau >ng. Yii l^ng, ^^^ 
jts'un jlong. Siim li'uig, ^ ^ ^long ^mb. Ldng 
wii, pif ^ 'l<5ung jlong. Liang Idng; a narrow 
passage in a city, i^ ^li. Li, ^ hong^. f liimg. 

Alliance, family connection by mamage, j^ ^ 

^ts'an }iix. Ts'in kid ; affinity, as nephews, |^ ^ 

pill ^ts'an. Piiiu ts'in ; ditto as the other or more 

distant branches of one's marriage connections, 

^ IS^ ,ts'an siiukj. Ts'in shuh ; a union between 



nations. 



33. mang. 



Hwui 



Mang, ^^ nv jUiang, 
niang, >^i^ \ib\)^ ^mang. lloh mang, J^-ij^ yi^uk, 
jUinng. Yob mang; to form an alliaiure, j^ ^ 
kit, ^mang. Kieh mang, |p ^ jliin ^mang. Lieu 
mang ; '/ the compact of Ts'in and Tsin," ^^<^ 
^ jts'un tsun' ,t'hi ^mang ; an alliance in perpe- 
tuity, ^ ^ 1^ ^ Jvam sliekj ^fung jmang. Kin 



sbih t'ung mang; an alliance formed by the drink- 
ing of blood, Sk^.<l^ ''»Pi liiit, ,chi ^mang. 
Sluih hiueh chi mnng ; to contract a family al- 
liance, ^ ^ ts'ii' ,t8'an. Ts'ii ts'in. 

Allied, connected by marriage, -j^ ^ hai^ ^ts'an, ^ 
J^)M^ ^' »huk^ jan ^ts'an. 1 shuh jin ts'in ; 
allied as nations, ^ ^ it ^ ,lun ^mang ^hin<,' 
tai^ Lien mang hiung ti ; do. as friends, f^ ^ 
^^ jts'ing ,kwdn ^mang 'h6. Ts'ing kwan mang 
hiiu. 

Alligate, to, to tie together, ^ -^ kit, lin. Kieli 
lien, i^± ^ kit, ^mdi. Kieh mdi, |jg; jg hai' ^lin. 
Hi lien, ^ j^ 'pong chii^ Pang chu. 

Alligation ^-^^ kit, ^lin 'ch6. Kieh lien ch^, ^ 
M^^ <kwai ^mai .chi fat,. Kwei mai chi fah. 

Alligator |||^ ngok^ ^ii. Ngoh yu, ^ ngok^. Ngoh, 
ft fi.st'o jlung. T'o lung, j^ ngok^. Ngoh. 

Allitei-ation, the repetition of the same letter at the 
head of each line, ^ -^ |^ S^ ^ # ^ .shi kii' 
jt'ung jt'au tsz^ hn6 'che. Shi kii t'ung t'au tsz 
mu die ; the repetition of the same letter at the 
beginning of two or more woi-ds succeeding each 

other, f^^^m^-M^Z'^^m^^n^ 

.shi ku' wak^ ^l^ning wdk^ .siim .seung jts'une .chi 
tsz- jt'ung jt'au tsz^ hab 'ch^. Shi kii hwoh Hang 
hwoh san sidng ts'ung chi tsz t'ung t'au tsz mu 
ch6. 
Allium, garlic, ^ siin'. Swdn ; garlic bulbs, ^ ^ 
siin' jt'au. Swan t'au ; fresh garlic, ^ ^ .ts'ing 
Ts'ing swdn; the shoots inside the bulb««. 



sun 



^ j^ siin' 'tsai. Swdn tsz ; the dry bulbs, ^ 
,kon siin' ^t'au. Kdn swdn t'au. 



idt 

9» 



Allocation, addition to, jj{\ .kd. Kid, JJjfl^ .kd .t'im. 
Kid t'ien ; admission of an article, jj[\^ — ft^ -i^ 
1^ g .kd .t'im yat, kin^ .ii sho' muk^. Kid t'ien 
yib kien yii sii muh ; verification of the same, |^ 
1^ g im^ sh6' muk^. Yen sii muh ; order for al- 
lowance matle upon the same, ^ ^ jigan .tdn. 
Yin tdn. 

Allocution, address, (^ |j^ min'shftt,. Mienshwoh ; 
address of the pope to liis assembled cardinals, ^ 
±WC3E iftj i? Jt f? .fill 'chu kdu' ,wong min' 
ii^ ,k'i jSlian. Tien chii kidu wdng mien yd k'f 
chin. 

Allodial, lands, \± ^ shai' ip,. Shi nieli, [^ ± <: 



|U H ts/>'chu ,clii shai' ip^. Tsz chu chi shf nieh. 
Allodium, freehold estate, ^ i ^ ^* IH tsz^ chil 

^chi .kd ipj. Tsz clui chi kid nieh. 
Allonge, a pass with a sword, 5$ -^ fdt, 'shau. Fdh 

shau, ;^ 5^ -^ ,sin fdt, 'shau. Sien fdh shau, ^ 

^ 77 ,8in fdt, ,t6. Sien fdh Uiu. 
Alloquy, see Allocution. 
Allopathy ^t ^ ^ Ji tiii' ching' ^i fdt,. Tui ihing 

i fiUi, iK ?PI <: ^ ,k'ii peng* chi fdt,. K'ii ping 

chi fdh. 
Allot, to, to distribute by lot, ^ ^ /an p'di'. Fan 

p'di, ^ f$ fan fdt,. Fan fdh, ^ j^ fon put,. 

Fan poh; to distribute as soldiei-s, |^^ p'jii'^hoi. 

P'di k'di ; to give, ^ |^ ^kdu k'ap,. Kidu kih, 



ALL 



(47) 



ALL 



i^ la fd' k'ap,. Fu kih ; to give to each his share, 
'jl^ ig. ^f S ^ 'sz kok, tak, ,k'i fan.- Sz koh teh 
k'i fan. 

Allotment ^ '^ /an p'ai'. Fan p'ai ; share, ^ fan". 
Fan ; that which is assigned to one, fi)x ^^ ^ ^ 
'sho tak, ^chi fan'. So teh chi fan. 

Allotted, distributed by lot, ^'^}^ ,fan p'di' kwo'. 
•Fan p'ai kwo. 

Allotting ^ ^^ ,fan p'ai'. Fan p'ai. 

Allow, to, to permit, ^ 'chun. Chun, ;^ Van. Yun, 
g^ 'Ml. Hii, ;^i^ -wan lili. Yun hii, if/f ^ying 
*chun. Ying'diun; to accord, j|^ sui". Siu; to 
grant, ^% ts'z' "ii. Ts'z yu; to allow to be done, 
Jg ff ^shi ,hang. Shi hang ; to allow graciously, 
M ?ll M fr c^^^ 'chun ^shi .hang. Ngan chun 
shi hang ; to allow one to do as he pleases, 'fi ^ 
yam- ^ts'ung. Jin ts'ung, fi ^ yam" jau. Jin 
yu, ^U t'eng' jts'ung. T'ing ts'ung, {^'^ yam' 
^p'ang. Jin p'ang; allow you to do as you please, 
fef$±^ yam- 'ni 'chii 1'. Jin ni chll 1, iii^^'^jx 
^ yam- ^ni 'sho jWai. Jin ni so wei; to allow to in- 
dulge in unreasonable conduct, 'fi '[^ yanr sing'. 
Jin sing, fi li^ yam" ^sam. Jin sin, ^ '|^ sut, 
sing'. Suh sing ; allow it to be, ^^ :^ tsung' 
'yau ^chi. Tsung yd chi ; would your Majesty al- 
low it ? i M ^"^ ^ .wong -ii ^chi ^u. Wang yd 
chi hu. 

Allowable, that may be allowed, pf ^ ^<!j 'ho 'chun 
tik,. K'o chun tih, pf |^ ^^ 'ho 'Im tik,. K'o hli 
tih ; admitted as true, ^ ^ kd ,ts'ung. Ku 
ts'ung, PfMl-l^^ 'ho ^ku liii ^chi. K'o ku hii chi; 
not forbid, ^lE ^ ,mb kanf . Wu kin ; not impro- 
per, ^ ^, hop, ji. Hoh i. 

AUowableness ^^^ bop, fat, 'che. Hoh fah che. 

Allowance, permission, j(J^ 'wan 'chun. Yun clmn; 
admission, ^ ^ kd .ts'ung. Ku ts'ung ; salary 
of an officer, ^]j^ 'fung luk,. Fung luh. 



yeunt 



,lim. 



Yang 



lien ; ditto in grain, ffl m 



-lam luk,. Lin luh, ^1^ T^^ng ^lim. Yang lien; 
salary of a schoolmaster, f^^ ,sau kam. Sid kin, 
^ ^ ch'uk, ^kam. Shuh kin. f^ fjf ch'uk, ^sau. 
Shuh siu, ^4: ^^K c^am. Hioh kin ; a monthly 
allowance, ^J ^ iit kam. Yueh kin; allowance 
to literary candidates, ^ ^ ^ hok, fo' jts'in. 
Hioh k'o ts'ien ; ditto in grain. 



*lam hi'. 



Lin hi, M p lam shin'. Lin shen, f^' ^ 'shdu 



shik,. Shdu shih ; daily allowance, g| ^ ngAk, 
Jeung. Geh hang, ^ P 3|f 'mui yat, 'hau 
^16ung. Mei jih k'au Hang ; deduction of price, 
X^ M '^^^ ^^^'- ^^^^ ^^^ ' reputation, ^ ig 
,shingjmeng. Shing ming ; to put upon allowance, 
fe In 0: "^ ban' k'ap, yam shik,. Hien kih yin 
shih. 

Allowed, permitted, J^ jj^ 'chun kwo'. Chun kwo, 
yC ^^ ^ -wan 'chun kwo\ Yun chun kwo. 

Allowing ^ J^ Van 'chun. Yun chun ; admitting, 
M ^ ^^ jts'ung. Kii ts'ung ; allowing it to be 
so, Hit ^ ;^ tsung' ' yau ,chi. Tsung yti chi. 

Alloy, to reduce or abate by mixture, :f|g ^k'au. K'ii; 



to alloy with copper in the centre of a Dollar (as 
practised by Chinese), ^ii^ kap, ^^sam. Kikh sin; 
to alloy with copper (general term), ^ ^i| kap, 
jt'ung. Kiah t'ung; to alloy with lead, ^^ kap, 
jiin. Kiah yuen ; to coat copper dollars with sil- 
ver, j^ jj^ ^ "hau (hau") ^p'i jt'ung. Hau p'i 
t'ung ; to insert base metal, ^j^ ;^ kd^p, ch'ak . 
Kiah ch'ih ; to coat with silver folio, ^ 7^ ^ 
^tseng ^kwong .fung. Tsing kwang t'ung. 

Alloy, quicksilver alloy, -^ ^ 'shui ,ts'in. Shwui 
ts'ien; arsenic alloy, {0^ sun* ^ts'in. Sin ts'ien; 
Macao alloy (money debased by admixture of cop- 
per &c. &c.), y^ f^ fp ^ 6' jmdn ^sha ^k'au. 
Ngau mun sha k'u * ; alloy of the fine and base 
metals, 0j % -^ ^ ,^0 /ai ui' jyung. Kau tl 
hwui yung. 

Alloying, mixing a baser metal with a iiner, :(^ 
^k'au. K'ii, 5)^ kap,. Kiah. 

All-pervading, see Pervading. 

Allude, to, to hint at, Hg |^ 6m' shiit,. Ngan shwoh, 
<^^ om' 'chi. Ngan chi, H§ ^^ 6m' /'iu. Ngan 
t'iau ; to advert to sarcastically, ^ ffjij ^ki ts'z'. 
Kl ts'z, ^1^ ki ts'iu'. Ki ts'iau, ^^ ,ki fung\ 
t Ki fung, ^^ ^chau siii'. Chau siau. 

Alluding to, having reference to, ^ ^kwan. Kwan; 
hinting at, Hg ^ 6m' 'chi. 

Alluminor, see Limner. 

Allure, to, to attract, ^I |^ ^jsiu *yau. Yin yu, ^j 
^ 'yan tung-. Yin timg; to entice, ^ ^| ^kau 
■yan. Kau yin ; to tempt, ^ ^ 'yau wdk,. Yti 
hwoh ; to decoy, ^ ,|| 'kwai p'in'. KAvai p'ien ; 
to draw to, ^| ^ 'yan t6-. Yin tku, If^ ^| ^chid 
-yan. Chau yin ; to allure by riches, j^ Mt ^ ^ 
X 'i cts'oi pak, ^au jan. I ts'ai peh yu jin, f^ 
^ ^ A P^ ,ts'in 'yau jan. Pi ts'ien yii jin ; to 
allm-e by fair promises, # SH" II ^I ^ 'pi^t'im 
jt'au -yan 'yau. Pi t'ien t'au yin yu, l^W['W^ 
^ 'i jt'Im jin yau ^chi. I t'ien yen yu chi ; to 
cozen, ^^ 'ku wak,. Kii hwoh. 

' MIL. J%2i\ - 

Allured, tempted, ^ ^ ^ pi' T^^ w&k,. Pi yii 
hwoh ; enticed, ^ % ^1 P^' }'^^^ 7^^- ^^ ^^^ 
J^^> ^ ^ ^ Pi' ku wakj. Pi kd hwoh. 

Allurement, that which allures, ^\ ^ ^ 'y^n V^^ 
'che. Yin yti cM, ^ sM .^'im ,t'au. T'ien t'au ; 



bait, fa: ni-. Rh ; 



pni- 



-yau. Eh yti ; entice- 



ment, 4j ^1 ,kau 'yan. Kau yin ; temptation, |^ 

^ 'yau wakj. Yti hwoh. 
AUurcr ^|p# Van 'jslu 'che. Yin yti che ; do. a 

female, ^A'^ ^mtii jan ^p'o. Mei jin p'o ; do. 

a male, ^ A ^> s^^^i .jan ,kung. Mei jin kung. 
Allm-ing, tempting, ^ ^ yau wak,. Yti hwoh ; 



enticing, ^| ^ 



■yan yau 



tik,. Yin yti tih ; 



* The preceding terms may be considered so far local, as the peo- 
ple of this province were the first who learnt the art of debas- 
ing metal from foreigners : and the Macao alloy may be taken 
as a proof, that the PortugueBe are up to this moment the prin- 
cipal manufacturers of false coin, for the Chinese declare them- 
selves helpless in the art of producing that nicety of foreign 
letters and designs as wiU ensure deception. 

f iVlso rpad with the 2d tone. 



ALL 



(48) 



ALO 



having the quality of temptinj^, f^ Sf "(^t^ s^'im 



jt'au k6' mat J, 



yau 



chi mat. 



Yin yii chi wuh. 

Alluringly ^ ^ 'yau ^in. Yii jen. 

Allusion, a hint, Hg- ;^g 6m' 'chi. Ngdn chi, ^ |^ 
,kwfin shiit,. Kwaii shwoh, (^ ^ 'yan 'u. Yin 
jA; allusion to, ^| |^ 'yan shiitj. Yin shwoh; 
allusion to a passage in the Classics, i^| j^ 'yan 
^king. Yin king, ^ ^ shut, ,king. Shuh king, 
^l^ilA 'yan ,king kii' 'tin." Yin king kii tien ; 
sarcastic allusion, Hg- v^ 6m' chfiu. Ngdn chku ; 
allusion of an ode, f^ ^^ shi chi mi\ Shi chi 
wi. 

Allusive Hb 1^ ^^ 6m' shiit, tik,. Ngdn shwoh tih; 
an allusive expression, J;(^|^ 'pi shiit,. Pi shwoh. 

Allusory, see Allusive. 

Alluvial f^ ^ shjl tl-. ShA ti, ^ f>> ^ f|^ shuk, 
,shd ^t'dn tik. Shuh slid t'dn tih, ^'/^^^i^ 'shui 
ch'ung tsik^ tik,. Shwxii ch'ung tsih tih. 

Alluvion fp^ shd ti^ Shd ti. 

AUuvium yr^^j^Mti ^ch'ung tsik chi ti'. Ch'ung 
tsih chi tl, ^Jjc /ffi 5^;^ ith 'shui ^ch'img tsik, ,chi 
ti*. Shwui ch'ung tsih chi ti. 

Ally, to, (with), to unite, |± ^ kit, h6p,. Kieh hoh, 
j^ ^ jliin h6pj. Lien hoh ; do. by treaty, j^ ^Aj 
kit, yduk,. Kieh yoh, ^ ^ kit, ^mang. Kieh 
mang ; to ally one's self with a family, j^ ^ kit, 
^ts'an. Kieh ts'in, fj |tj ting' ,t8'an. Ting ts'in. 

Ally, one united by treaty, ^ J^ ,mang hing. Mang 
hiung; an allied power, ^^^ g sHin ^mang ^chi 
kwok,. Lien mang chi kwoh, ^^ ^ kl ^l kit, 
^mang ,chi ,pong. Kieh mang chi pang; allied by 
marriage, ^ ^ ,ts'an ts'ik,. Ts'in ts'ih, ^ ^ 
^raang ^ts'an. Mang ts'in. 

Allying, by marriage, ,^± ^ kit, ^ts'an. Kieh ts'in. 
m fe ;un ^ts'an. Lien ts'in; by treaty, J^ ^ 
kit, jnuing. Kieh mang, ^ ^ ^lim ^ang. Lien 
mang. 

Almanac jg^ || ,t'ung ^shu. T'ung shu, ^ § lik^ 
shu. Lih shil; a calendar, M ^ ^^K sP'^*- ^^^ 
V'^h Pli^W iit^ fan^ j)'di. Yueh tan p'di, f^ g 
likj yat^. Lih jih, ^ |^. lik, ^tdn. Lih tdn ; Im- 



perial almanac, ^)^i||^ jWong lik^ ^t'ung ^shu. 
Hwdng lih t'ung shii. 

Almighty ^ g(j ,ts'un ^nang. Ts'iuen nang, M p^ 
>f* R^ J^^ '«lio pat, jUang. Wii so ])uli nang, ■^ 
nm^ kin^ kin' .kdi ,nang, ^mm ^i"' kin^ 
.t6 juang, ^ f j ^]l ^g ydung' y<'mng^ ^to ^nang, 
Hi^'^^L jt^d" ss!* ^kdi ,nang; the almighty God, 
-^ ^fe ^ i: 'ill* sts'im jnang ,chi sh^ung' tai'. 
Ts'iuen natig chi shfmg ti. 

Almond ;j^'(i: hang^ ^yan. Hang jin; sweet almonds, 
f^^ jt'im hang^. T'ien hang, f^j 7^ ^ndm hang*. 
Nkn hang, (p\J^^ pdt, t{it, hang'. IMh t^ih hang; 
bitter abnonds, -^ ::j^ fu hang^ K'u hang, i{l^ 
pak, hang^. Peh hang, Q J3. ^ ,pa 'eh't^ hang*. 
Pd ts'i^ hang ; white almonds, §^ :^ jUgan 
hang'. Yin hang ; emulsion of almonds (sold in 
the street), ^ ^ ^ hang' ^yan jch'L Hang jin 



ch'd; the kernel of peach stones ("peach-meats"), 
mt: it'6 Jan. T'du jin, ^i^i mang' ,t'6. Man- 
t'du. 
Almond-oil ^t^yft hang^ ^yan ,yau. Hang jin yti. 
Almond-tree ;^J5j hang* shii^ Hang shu. 
Almoner |p^^<:'f*V c^'^" .^hi ,chi ^kun. Cliau shi 
chi kw&n, ^'\k^A .chau sut, ,chi jan. Chau 
siuh chi jin, ^ ^ ^shi 'chii. Shi chii. 
Almonry '^^^f^ tsai' ,p'an ,chi 'kun. Tsi p'in 
chi kwkn. 

Almost ^"X^ $, ,ch'a pat, ,to. Ch'i puh to, ^ ^ 
pjj- $, ,chang ,ti k6m' ,to, ^^-^ ,ch'k pat, 'Qn. 
Ch'k puh yuen, ^^;^ ,ch'd pat tai*. Ch'd puh 
tk, jr fx sh6im^ hA\ Shdng hid, ^ ^ ^ ,ch'd 
^mo 'ki. Ch'd wu ki, ^ ^ .ki .li. Ki liu, J[^ ^ 
shu' .u. Shu hu, pM .shii' ki. Shu ki, ^"kanS 
Kiu, j{^^ ,tseungkan^ Tsidngkin; almost dead, 
^ ^ sP'an 'sz. P'in sz ; almost a year, ^^ — ^ 
^'oi chi' yat, 'tsoi. T'di chi yih tssii. 

Alms ^ ^ tsai' mat,. Tsi wuh, j^ i^ ^shi mat^. 
Shi wuh ; to give alms consi.sting of money, -/^^ 
tsai'jts'oi. Tsits'di; do. of grain, ^^ tsai'^l^ung. 
Tsi lidng ; do. of clothes, ^ ^ tsai' ^i. Tsi i ; do. of 
food, y^ ^ tsai' shikj. Tsi shih ; to give alms, ^ 
•^ ,shi tsai'. Shi tsi ; to reUeve the hungry. ^ 
^ chan' ^ki. Chin ki, ^ g| kau' .ki. Kiu ki, 
)jc^ ^ kau' ngo^ Kiu ngo ; to relieve the poor, 
|M 7^ chan' tsai'. Chin tsi, p ^ chan' ,shim. 
Chin shen ; to beg alms, as priests, ^^ m6' f i . 
Mu hwd, i§^^ % ,h6ung ^ai. 

Abns-box, in Chinese temples, ^ ^ ^ ^h6ung .tsz 
jt'ung. Hidng tsz t'flng, ^ -^ f^ ni6- fd' ,t'ung. 
Mii hwk t'ung. 

Alms-chest j^ |t ^ tsai' ^ts'oi .s(^ung. Tsi ts'di 
siang, ^ ^ j^^ tsai' si)'an ^seuug. Tsi p'in sidng. 

Alms-deed ^ J^ chau ^slii. Chau shi. 

Alms-giver ^ ^ tsai' 'chii. Tsi chii, ^ ^ shi 
'chii. Shi chii. 

Alms-house ^ \ ^ jp'au jVan 'kiin. P'in jin 
kwdn ; do. for old men, ^ A |^ '1^ s^an iin'. 
Ldu jin yuen, ^ ^ ^ 'yeung ^16 ^t'ong. Ydng 
Idu t'dng; do. for women, ^^ ,chdi jt'ong. Chdi 
t'dng; do. for blind })eople, ^ § (^ kii muk^ tin'. 
Kii muh yuen ; do, for lepers, ^^^ IM, ,fuug 
iin'. Fdhfungyuen; do. for foundlings, ^^^ 
yukj ying t'ong. Yuh ying t'dng. 

Alms-men ^ J|£ ^ shau' shi ch6. Shau shi chd, 
"^•^^ pi' tsai' 'cbd. Pi t.si cht^. 

Almug-ti-ee, sandal-tree, ^^i^ jt'dn _h(5ung shii". 
T'dn hidng shu. 

Aloe Wi ^^ P'^' s^ong pin. Pd wdng pien, ^ 

Jtj^ fj 'lo .y^^»%' "K- ^* Ho y'"^?? iii». M. ¥ J*' 

wai' (kiii'.) Lii wci, JJg § ^ch'am Jidung. Ch'in 
hidng, ^1^^ jk'i ^ndm ,ht'>ung. K'i ndn hi!'ni.r. 
Qp^j ^ nut wai'. Nub wei, ^ |f| t«*(''ung' taii. 
Sidng tdn, ^^ 6m kit, ('oi). Ngdn kih, (nirai), 
M Vff s^^ wai' k6. Lii wei kdu. 0g||# &' .lo 



The followiuff terms may be taken at exp rwring tiie nam* of 



the drug in uie market 



ALO 



(49) 



ALT 



Puh 

!tai^ 



,k5. A lo kdu ; hemp aloes, ^ H ^i ^po ^lo ^ma, 
Po lo md. 

Aloft, on high, -jgb Jt tsor sh^un^. Tsdi shang, :^ 

h flg tsoi- sh6ung^ ^t'au. Tsai shdng t'au, :^ Jt. 

•gg tsoi" sh^ung" pin'. Tsai shang pien ; on the 

mast, ^ )|& ;{;i; _t tsoi' ,shun ^wai sheung\ Tski 

ch'uen wei shang. 

Alogy, unreasonableness, '^■^^ pat^ hop, '11. 
hoh H, ^il pui' 'K. Pei II ; absurdity, ;^| 
mau". Ta miii, ;^^^ tai- ^ch'a niau\ Ta ch'a miii. 

Alone, single, ^ ^tdn. Tan, ^ tuk>. Tub ; ditto op- 
posed to a pair, ■^ chek^. Chih ; alone as an or- 
phan, ^ ^ku. Kii, lOi^ ^kii tuk,. Kutuh, IJR^ 
^ ff kA ^shan 'kwa 'tsai ; alone as a widow, ^ 
^ 'kwd -fu. Kwa fu ; do. as a widower, ^ ^ 
^wan ^fu. Kwan fu, ^ ^ 'kwd ^kung. Kwk 
kung ; to live alone, H^ ^ tuk^ ^kii. Tub kii, ^ 
Jg ^kwdn kii. Kwan kii, 0J§ sok, kii. Sob kii, 
^ — -^ A ^^i yat, ko' jan. Tub yib ko jin ; 
alone, without any connection, as vagabonds (iron- 
ically used for single men), ^ ^ "(} ^tan ^shan 
'tsai, ^^ jtdn shan. T^n shin ; alone, only one, 
^ y ^tdn ^ting. Tan ting, ^ ^ ^tan tuk,. T^n 



tuh, ^ y jling ,ting. 



^k'ing tukj. K'ing 



tuh, ^ T ~r <^^ <*^^» t^ng ; let me alone, pg- 
it? It mi ^ .^ 'lio Aai 'kiu Hu -'ngo, ^ 
^ (iy" '/^ P^ 'mai ko' kom' wan^ cheung' ; I am 
left alone Zf ^:^:ul k'it, ^in tuk, l^p,. Kieb jen 
tuh Hh, i^iiM^ ^^K liai- shing- 'ngo. Tuh hi 
sbing wo, '^^^ ^ '^ jWai "ngo tukj jlau. Wei 
wo tub liu, ^ fx ^ ffpl tuk, jhang 'kii 'kii. Tub 
hang kii kii ; alone, by himself, ^ ^ 3 ^^K t^^" 
'ki. l\ib tsz ki. 

Along ^ jts'ung. Ts'ung ; to walk along the road, 
^ ^ ifS ff jts'ung ^k^i ji ^hang. Ts'ung ki^i rb 
bang ; aU along, g W.^^IM ^^^' s^'^^ *^' '^^* ^^^ 
t'au tin wi ; to lie all along, j^ ^ "5^ :Mfe '^^^ ^o^^ 
^ii ti". Yen ngo yu ti, I!||[i;b& ,lai chik, ti^ ; to go 
along with one, fp; ^ jp'ui ^bang. P'ei bang, ^ 
ff .k^i jbang. Kidi hang, |^ ^ jt'ung ^bang. 
T'ung bang, -^^ pun-^hang. Pwdn bang, ^-J^ 
'l^ ^ 'ii 'tsz ^kdi jbang. Yii 'tsz ki5.i bang, — • ^ 
^ yat, jts'ai jhang. Yib ts'i bang, — |^ tf J^^i 
tui- jhang. Yib tiii bang ; to walk along band in 
hand, ^^|Bltt jkWai 'shau ^fving ^bang. Hwui 
sbau t'ung liang, |it -^ |^ tT }^^ 'shau jt'ung 
jhang. Ldh sbau t'ung hang ; will you come a- 
long with me ? i^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ op 'nl iH' ,t'ung 
"ngo hii' ^me ; along-side, '^jQ ^ pok, ^mSii ; to lay 
along-side, ig sM. i^^^ .t'au. MAi t'au, f^ *ngai. 
I, J^ ^ ^mdi ngon-. McLi ngdn, ^ iM IS i^^^ 
,mdi jt'au; Take this along with you, ^V]i^^^ 
^ t^i' ^ni ti' V^ hii'. 

Aloof, at a distance, ^ 'iin. Yuen, ^ j^ kl,k, 'iin. 
Keb yuen ; to keep aloof from, ^f j^ ^li ^iin. Li 
yuen, ^^ ^^ :^ A '^^\ P^t, ,s6ung yap^. Keb 
pub si5,ng jih ; met., V^ A ^ i^ jap, tdp„ Y 
y ^ d ^d Jioi, >)^m% cShiu wdi^ ^ngd. Shdu 
hw^i yd. 



Aloud, with a loud voice, ;^^ tdi^ ^shing. T4 sbing, 
^ ^ ^ko ^shing. Kdu ^shing ; to cry aloud, J^ 
^ ^ p^ tdi' ,shing tsat, ^fii. Td shing tseh hu, 
;/^ ^ ttij. P|( tdi- ^shing kiu' hdm', ^ -^ »4 tsun' 
men^ kiu', ^^^Pj^ p'iin' meng^ Um\JJc^^ 
fong' shai' hdm' ; to read aloud, j^ ^ ^J |J ^ko 
^shing -long tsun^. Kdu sbing Idng sung ; speak 
aloud, ;^^^ tdi^ ^shing 'kong. Td shing kidng. 

Alpaca * -f^i^SH^;:^ PHo kwok, j^img jmeng, 
^ ^ p6' ^meng. Pii ming. 

Alpba ^ II H fj ^ # "t ^ # Hilip kwok, 
wd^ tsz" Tuo 'sbau tsz' jam. Hileh kwob hwd tsz 
mil shau tsz yin ; alpha and omega, ^ ^ 'ch'i 
^chung. Cb'i chung. 

Alphabet fj ;5 ^ # wa' ^chi tsz^^^b. Hwd chl 
tsz mu, ^ sf tsz^ ,t'au. Tsz t'au 

Alphabetical J^ ^ -f^ ;^ ^ 'i tsz' hub ^wai ^t'au. 
I tsz mu wei t'au, l^^#|J!f:^II 1 tsz^ had tso' 
^t'ai jt'au. I tsz mii tso t'i t'au ; the Chinese use 
the characters of the =|^^ ^ ^Ts'ln-tsz^-^man, as 
each of the 1000 characters differs from the other. 

Alpine ^ R^ ^l] 1^ iJj shuk, Alipin ^sbdn ; alpine 
scenery, ^ ^^ ^ ^ jts'ang ,liin 'sung 'ts'ui. 
Ts'ang Iwdn sung ts'ui, ^^^^ jts'ang jliin 
tip, 'sung. Ts'ang Iwdn tieb sung, ^ [Jj 1^ ll|^ 
jsbung ^sbdn tsun' 'ts'iu. Ts'ung sbdn tsiun ts'idu. 

Alpinia, a species of, [Jj ^ ^shdn ^k^ung. Sbdn 
kidng ; alpinia nutans, || ^ dp, k6uk, ^fd. 
Ydh kiob hwd. 

Alps ^ (1( j^shung ^shdn. Ts'ung sbdn ; do. moun- 
tains in southern Europe, ^BM^lPEllj^ c^dm 
Aulopd ^shdn ^meng. Ndn Aulopd sbdn ming. 

Already, at this time, ^ :^ In' -yau. Hien yii, ^ 
^ ki' "yau. KI yii, g, ^ 'I T^u. I yu ; to have 

already, B $S ^ c^i^g- ^ ki^S' M 1^ ^P> <^^S- 
Nieb king, jl^^f ki' ,king. KI king, ^^^ ^ts'ang 
^king. Ts'ang king ; before this time, -^ y^ ^sln 
yau. Sien yii. 

Alsine ^ ^ ^chung ^kw'ai. Chung kw'ei, ^ ^ 
,fdn W. Pdn lii, ^ ^ /dn 'lii. Fdn lii. 

Also, likewise, :>ff. yik^. Yib, ^ ,klm. Kien, % yau^ 
Yu, j^ Va. Ye, -t^ :f 'ya -yau. Y6 yu, M. 'ch'e. 
Ts'i^, i§^ ping' k'ap^. Ping kib, ^ ^ -ya shi-. 
Y6 shi, ifn R S 'cb'^. Eh ts'ie, 7ff ^ yik, ,in. 
Yib jen, ^ Jin. Lien, :^ ^ yik, shi'. Yib shi, 
:^ -^ yik, bai" ; that is also reasonable, ^ -^ ^ 
^ yik, bSp^ to- -11. Yib hob tau II, ^^ ^ yik, 
cb^uk, '; that will also do, :^ ^ ^ yik, tso' tak,. 
Yib tso teh, :^ pj" yik^ 'ho. Yib k'o. 

Alt, \V^^^mZM cb'^ung' jam chf ,ko ,chi 

Alto, ) ^shing. Cb'Ang yin chl kdu cbl shing. 

Altar, general term for, ^ jt'dn. T'dn ; ditto for 
worsliipping idols and spirits, f$ ^ ^shan jt'an. 
Shin fan, f [^ g ^sban ^t'oi. Shin t'ai ; ditto for 
sacrificing to heaven, ^ 5^ ig tsai' ^t'ln ^fau. 
Tsi t'ien fan ; ditto to Ceres, f\t^^J^ 'she 
tsik, ^chi jf dn. Shi6 tsili cbl t'dn ; to set up an 
altar to the god of the land, at jjfj; ^ lap, -sb6 

* Peru. 



ALT 



(50) 



ALT 



Vkn. Lib shid Vkn; an altar for burning incense, 
^ijf^ ,h6ung ch'6uk,. Hidng ch'oh, ^^ ,h6ung 
on'. Hidng ngdn ; an altar for performing mass 
for the benefit of those in purgatory, ^ ^ tsiii' 
,t'in. Tsidu t'dn ; a stone altar, ^^ shek^ jt'dn. 
Shih t'dn ; ditto one of earth, ^ Jl 'ch'ung 't'6. 
Ch'ung V\i ; ditto one as the ancients erected at 
a distance of five Chinese miles or li, ^ hau\ 
Hau, ^ jini. Mei. 

Altar-cloth ^I^ ijlg jshan cheung'. Shin chdng (in 
Chinese temples). 

Altarage, profits a^sing to Budhist priests from per- 
forming mass, ^^ tsiu' ^kam. Tsidu kin, ^^ 
,h6ung ^tsz. Hidng tsz, yft ^ ^ jau ^h6ung 
jts'in. Yu hidng ts'ien. 

Alter, to, to change partly or entirely, B|Jc *koi. Kdi, 

M ^ c^^"ff '^^^- ^^^S k^i' ^JC ^ 'koi pin'. Kdi 
pien, g^; ,kang yik^. Kang yih, gjjr^ <koi yik,. 
Kdi yih, gC j^ 'koi unS }^ ^^ 'koi kwo', ^ ^ 
An^ 'chiin ; alter it a little, ^ — • j^ 'koi yat, ^ti ; 
alter as much as that, ^ $P ^ j^l^ p^" ^ 'koi ^n 
^nl ti^ kbm' ^to ; alter according to pattern, ^^^ ^ 
^"^ chili' y6ung' 'koi kwo'. Chdu ydng kdi kwo; 
to alter one's mind, g^^jg- 'koi ^k'i 1'. Kdi k'i i, 
^ fd^ ^ M chiin ^sam 'koi I'. Chuen sin kdi i ; 
to alter one's mind suddenly, ^, ^Jj^ ^ ^j> fat, ,ln 
pin' kwd'. H^v^lh jen pien kwd ; to alter one's 
condition, to marry, '^ ;^ A ^^^^ ^^^ J^^- ^^o 
td jiu ; to alter (change) from bad to good, gjjf.^ 
^ ^ 'koi ok, ,ts'ln shin^ Kdi ngoh ts'ien shen, 
1^ jll^ j^ ^ 'koi kwo' tsz' ^san. Kdi k^vo tsz sin, 
^ ^) ^^ jfe 'koi .ts'd kwai ching. Kdi si6 kwei 
billing 5 to alter one's conduct, JEj^O'^.^ jUi^sam 
'chiin i*. Hwui sin chuen i. 

Alterable pf pj^ % 'ho 'koi tak,. K'o kdi teh ; 
changeable {as the weather), ^Q^^^ ^t'in ^shi 
jm6 teng'. T'ien shl wu ting, ^ H^ '^ p^ chd' 
^ts'ing did' 'u. Chd ts'ing chd yu, ^ (Jf |{|[ ^ 
chan^ ty*''''^ chan' ,y6ung. Chin yin chin ydng. 

Alterableness Bfif^^' 'koi pin' 'ch6. Kdi pien chd. 

Alteration gjjr J^ 'koi pin'. Kdi pien, || pj^ ,l^ang 
'koi. Kang kfii, }^ ^ 'koi un\ Kdi hwdn, ^ ^ 
un^ 'chiin. Hwdn chuen ; change, ^ ^ pin' fd'. 
■ Pien hwd. 

Alterative (in medicine), producing effect, Pjlf 5^ ^ 
f^ 'koi pong^ chi yeukj. Kdi ping chi yoh, ^^ 
M ^Z^ 'lio 'i yik, pong' ,cln ycuk,. K'o i yih 
ping ohl yoh. 

Altercate, to, to quanel, f^ p ^ tau' 'hau kok,. 
Tau k'au koh, ^^ :^ ndu^ kdii. Ndu kidii, H P^ 
tau' 'tsui. Tau tsui, !^[^ pok, 'tsui. Poh tsui, (S 
^ ai' ,kdu, |'-*)Ilifc tau' ai', ^\^ ,pun 'tsxu. Pwd.i 
tsui, Il^flii) 'ch'du ndu^ Ch'dii ndu, 1^^ pok, hi'. 
Poll k'i, ^I'i .pun tau'. Pwdn tau, ^'^ ,chdng 
kin<^^ Tsang king ; to dispute, ^ ^ i)in^ pok,. 
Pien poll, 1p^ p ,chdng pin'. Tsang pien, ^ ^ 
pin* lun^ Pien Inn. 

Altercation, wrangle, P f^ 'hau kok,. K'au koh, [^ 
^ ndu* ^kdu. Ndu kidu, ^|^ ^chdng lun^ Tsang 



lun, |Jg ^ ai' >du, Pi H^ teu' ai', ;fg jgfc ,g6ung 
ai' ; dispute, ^ ]^ pin' pok,. Pien poh, # fi ;1 
^ ,p6n tau' shi^ ,fi. Pwdn tau shi ft, ift :g ^ 
pok, shi' ,fl. Poh shi fX. 

Alternate S ifl f^ f^ <i' ,8dung t'ai' toi*. Hu sidng 
t'i tdi, ;Hlf5f(:^ .s6ung ,wai toi* t'ai'; altemat*- 
changes, VM^J^lM '^^^ V^K .s^ung kai'. Kdi yih 
sidng ki M E^ § ^ ,kang 'koi tsip, tsuk,. Kang 
kdi tsieh sub, || 5^,kang tit^. Kang tieh, H gjjr 
:f^^ (kang 'koi ^sdung tsipj. Kang kdi sidng tsieh. 

Alternate, to, to change, Jgj^ ,kang tit^. Kang tieh. 

Alternately, by turns, |j[b ^ ^lun ^lau. Lun liu ; in 
regular succession, 1^-^^ jlun chii' ,lai ; ^|^ 



tai' ,lun. Ti lun, ^— fj^^ chuk^ yat, ^lun ,wdn. 



Chub yih lun hwdn ; to watch alternately, ff^ ^ 
^H jlun jlau ^hon ,kang. Lun liii k'dn kang, |^ 
P^ ^ tJ* jlun jmiin hon 'shau. Lun mun k'dn 
shau ; to serve alternately (or in rotation, as the 
several classses of officers), |m ^ Yi[ B jlun ,pdn 
chikj yatj. Lun pdn chih jih ; to play by timis 
(as boys), $^ "^ H jlun 'shau i' ; alternately ex- 
hausted, ^^i^i^ tit, ^sdung k'it,. Tieh sidng 
kieh ; to use alternately, 5^ ^ tit^ yung'. Tieh 
yung ; alternately rising and then declining, ^ 
M^M shing" (Stiui ^sdung kai'. Shing shwdi 
sidng ki, j* J^ 5^ 1^ tit, ^hing tit^ fai'. Tieh hing 
tieh fei, M /i # ii c^ing fai' ^ts'un ,wdn. Hing 
fei siun hwdn. 

Altemateness |^ ^ ^lun jlau. Lun liu. 

Alternation |^ ^ ,lun ^lau. Lun liii. 

Alternative, a choice betM'een two, ^ ^ ^ — 
*16img yf^ung" 'kdn yat , zL^ ^ — i' ^chung chdk, 
yat,. Rh chung tseh yih ; to choose between two 
evils, ^ H :f^ — 'leung ^ndn chdk, yat,. Lidng 
ndn tseh yih ; no alternative, M. ff jnb kai'. Wu 
ki, ^^i^ ,m5 fdt, 'tsz. Wii'fdh tsz, M^ jnb 
jk'iti. Wti k'idu, |/L) p5) fte ^ sz' min* ,m6 16*. Sz 
mien wii lii, ^ ^ij ^ 'nau t6' tsiit^. Niu tdu 
tsiueh, :f ^ e, pat, tak, 'i. Pub teh i, |g f|- 
kwat^ kai'. Kiueh ki. 

Alternatively |jjj^ ^ ^lun jlau. Lun liu. 

Alternativeness Ij^'^ ^lun ^lau. Lun liA. 

Althae alutea \^^ ^ndm jmd. Ndn md. 

Although m 4f^ sui ,in. Sui jen, ^ ,8ui. Sui, ^ 
^ tsung' ,in. Tsung jen ; although it be thus. ^ 
i^#:n|5:.sui,in hai"k6m, |{$fii^. 115!!: tsung' 'si 
hai' kom, ^J^itUjJt <«»" shi' ,ii ts'z. Sui shi ju 
ts'z. 

Altiloquence, pompous language, ^"^ ,fd jin. Hwd 
y<^"' ^ # /»» S'^- Fan yen, ;f^^:^^:j^ tii' ,in 
pat, jts'dm. Td yen pub ts'dn. 

Altimeter, a quadrant, or armillary sphere, J^ ^ 
yukj jhang. Yuh hang. 

Altisonant jSj^ jbii (fau. llxi. fau ; altisonant phra- 
ses. Siff- ^Is^ <•>" .faw ,chi wd'. Hu fau chi 
hwd. 

Altitude, elevation, ^ |^ ,k6 ch'ii'. Kduch*d;to 
take the sun's altitude, jg it ;^ j^ Jg tok, ,k'f 
yat, ,chi ,k5 eh'ii'. Toh k'i'jili chi kdu ch'iij the 



ALT 



(51) 



AMA 



altitude of vii-fcue, Wk ^ ^ ^ s"^S^^ s^S^-i 'king 
ts6ung^. Wu wu king sidng. 
Altogether —^ yat^ ,ts'ai. Yih ts'i, — ^ yat, 
'tsvmg. Yih tsung, — ;f|E yat^ k'oV. Yih k'4i, — ]§ 
yat, ying'. Yih ying, — ^ yat, Vung,, — Jt yat, 
kung^. Yih kung, ^■^ tsun' ^kai. Tsin kicii, ^, 
^ 'tsung ^kdi. Tsung kiii, ^ ^f, 'lung 'tsung, 

P^M0 l^a«^' P^^S' l^^S"' ^ «i^/ Sill' fP ct^- 
Tii, ^^ jts'iin jIn. Ts'iuen jen ; altogether well, 

m^M'^ 'l^^g 'tsung 'ho s4i\ +^^ shap, 

^fan 'ho. Shih fan hciu ; altogether uncertain, ^^^ 

'^^ 'tsung mi- tengS ^^^^ .ts'un mi- teng^. 

Ts'iuen wi ting; altogether true, I^E^ft^ jUib 

pat^ chan shat,. Wu puh chin shih, — ^^^ 

yat, jhb pat^ 'kd. Yih h^u puh kici. 

Alum ^ ^ jf^n shekj. F^n shih, Q ^ pdk^ jfan. 
Peh f^n ; alum ash, or dried alum, ^^ ^ /li /an. 
K'ti fdn ; crystals of alum, ^ ^ keng' ^fan. 
Eang fan; an inferior sort of alimi, ^^ 't'6 /an. 
T'li fan ; impm-e ditto, as found in its natural 
state, ^^Jp^ shek^ /an ^wong. Shih fdn hw&.ng ; 
solution of alum, Q ^ -^ p^k^ /an 'shui. Peh 
fan sh'rnii. 

Almn, to, >^^:7fC kwo' /An 'shui. Kwo fdn shwui. 

Aluminous, pertaining to alum, @^^^ shuk^ /i^n 
tikj. Shiih fan tih ; containing alum, :^^::^ pj 
yau /an tsoi^ noi^ Yu fan tsdi nui. 

Alumnus, a pupil at a seminary, ^ |^ ^ ^ ^shu 
iin- hok^ /'5. Shu yuen hioh t'u. 

Aluteres, file fish, '^^ ,sha Tnang. Shk mang. 

Always |f$ H$ <shi ^shi. Shi slii, "^B^ ,sheung ^shi. 
Chang shi, ^H$ pat, ^shl. Puhshi, '^'^ ^sh^ung 
jSheung. Chdng chang, -j^ B^ liai* ,shi. Hi shi, 
H^ ;^ Hi timg^ pat, tung^. Tung puh tung, j^ H# 
/Aau ^shi. Chau shi, jg g^ ir ^shi. Yii shi ; in- 
cessantly, ^ 'l^ pat, /'ing. Puh t'ing, ;^ ^ pat, 
hitj. Puh hieh, ^ ^^^ pat^ sik^. Puh sih; re- 
gularly, on every occasion, [bJ |eJ jiii jni- Hwui 
hwui, j^ J^ 'lii -lii. Lii lii, ^^ ^^ Vong Vong. 
Wang wang, 4^^ "mui Tnui. Mei mei, j§>f^n$ 
ii" pat, jShi. Yu puh shi, 'jia Q^ jhang ^shi. Hang 
shi, "j^ "^ jhang ^sheung. Hang chang. 

Am ^ shi-. Shi, i|^ hai\ Hi, J^ "ndi. Nai, ^ 
jWai. Wei; lam, ^ ^ Tigo shi'. Wo shi; lam 
a merchant, |fe J^ ^ A '^go s^ai ^sh6ung jan. 
Wo wei shdng jin ; I am here, ^l^ltl^ 'ngo tsoi^ 
'ts'z. Wo tsai ts'z ; I am in possession of, ^ ^ 
Tigo ^yau. Wo yu ; I am 20 yekrs of age, ^ d^ 
')jZL~\r 'ago jUin /ong i" shap^. Wo nien fang rh 
shih, i^rfn^cn-|-^ nigo ^i ^kd i' shap, sui'; so 

f^ I' ^^.^-fi 'iigo VK i^- Wo yih jen,' |^^# 

'ngo /5 hai". 
Ama or Amah, foreign designation for nurses in 

China, ^^.^ "nai ^md. Nai ma. 
Amability, loveliness, ^ ^ ^ 'ho oi' 'che. K'o 

ngdi chd, :^ \ ^ ^au jan ^iin. Yu jin yuen, 

ie? A ^ 'hb ^yan ^iin. Hdu jin yuen, ^ A ^■ 

'yau jan 8z\ Yii jin sz. 
Amain, with force, f^ J] yung^ lik,. Yung lib, ^ 



jri 'min lik^. Mien Hh, ^j ;^ ch'ut, lik^. Ch'uh 
lih ; strike amain ! "[^ ;j^ IJJ^ ^ha ^wai ^li. Hid wei 
li. 

Amalgam, a compound of quicksilver with other 

metal, i^^%^ii^M^ 'shui ,ngan ^ii pit, 

^kam ^seung ^k'au. Shwm yin yu pieh kin sidng 

• k'ii ; a compound of different things, ^ ^ tsap, 

mat^. Tsah wuh. 

Amalgamate, to, ^^ijCiB^^lj;^ ^k'au 'shui ^ngan 
'Li pit, jkam. K'ii shwui yin yii pieh kin; to mix 
different tilings, ^'^^^ ^k'au ^wan tsap^ mat^. 
K'ii yun tsdh wuh, ^ ^ kap, tsap,. Kidh tsdh; 
to unite, -^ >^ lii^ hop,. Hwui hoh, i^^^ ^seung 
h6pj. Siang hoh; ditto as a fi-atemity, ^^ /iin 
ui'. Lien hwui. 

Amalgamation, the act of compounding quicksilver 
with another metal, i^ ^ % %\\ -^^"^ 'shiii 
^ngan ^ii pit^ ^kam ^k'au ^wan. Shwui yin yii pieh 
kin k'ii yun ; the mixing of different things, ^ 
^^%% mat^ ^chi kdp, tsdp^. Wuh chi kidh tsdh; 
the union of two societies, '^ '^i^^ ^ <chi 
jS^ung ^un. Hwui chi sidng lien. 

Amanuensis, one who writes what another dictates, 
^ % toi^ ^shii. Tdi shii, ^ ^ toi' pat,. Tdi pih. 

Amara-dulcis ^ ij^ ^ shik, j^ung chung'. Shih 
ydng chung. 

Amaranthus ^ ^ ^ pak, in^ ts'oi^ Peh hien ts'ai. 

Amaranthus spinosus, '(^ ^ ^ 'ka in' ts'oi'. Kid 
hien ts'ai. 

Amass, to, to heap up, j^ % tsik, 'lui. Tsih lui, ^ 
^ tsik, tsu". tsih tsii, ^^ ^ch'ung tsik,. Ch'ung 
tsih, 3^ ^ tsik, ch'uk,. Tsih ch'uh, 5^ ^ tsik, 
^mdi. Tsih mdi, *§ % /ui tsik,. Tui tsih, ^ ^ 
tsii^ 'lim. Tsii Hen ; to amass riches, ^ ;^ ^ ^ 
tsik, ^mdi /s'oi pdk,. Tsih mdi ts'ai peh, ;j^ ^ 
^ ^ pok^ 'ts'ii /s'in /s'oi. Poh ts'ii ts'ien ts'di. 

Amassed ^JUjI^ tsik, ^mdi kwo'. Tsih mdi kwo. 

Amassing ^ ^ tsik, 'lui. Tsih lui. 

Amateur, an actor, ^'^^^ \ ho' jau ^chi jan. 
Hau yu chi jin, f^ '^ ^ A ^^ok, jau ^chi ,yan. 
Tsoh yii chi jin ; ditto of poetry, ^ |^ ^ A ho' 
^shl jChi jan. Hau shi chi jin. 

Amatorial, | relating to love, ^^ ^kwdn oi'. Kwdn 

Amatory, J ngdi; amatory expression, ^^;^ 
■^ liin^ oi' ^chi /n. Liuen ngdi chi yen ; ditto 
causing love, i!:^;^^ kik, yuk^ ^chi wd\ Kih 
yuh chi hwd, -/g |p) jam /s'z. Yin ts'z, M.»lif 
/ung /au wa^ Pung liu hwd. 

Amatorian, pertaining to love, ^ ^ ,kw6,n oi'. 
Kwdn ngdi ; amatorian odes, ^^ ^$^ tung' 
oi' ^chi ^shi. Tung ngdi chi shi, ^^ ^ P|E f# /'iu 
oi' k6' ^shi. 

Amaurosis BE W Tigan ^dng. Yen mang, -^ ^ 
shat^ ^ming. Shih ming', ^ ^ song' ,ming. Sang 



rmng. 



Amaze, to, to astonish, ^ ti{ "^ ling' ch'ut, ^k'i. 

Ling ch'uh k'i; to perplex, ^ igj^ ^keng hdk^. 

King hih. 
Amazed, astonished, Jtl ^ ch'ut, ^k'i. Ch'uh k'i; 



AMA 



(52) 



AMB 



confounded with fear, ^ ^ shat, ,keng. Shih 
king, ^ ^ '{^ kin* ^keng kwdi\ Kien king kwdi, 
if li .keng wong. King hwAng, .|^^ ^hoi ngok^. 
Hidi ngoh, }^ i^ ngok, ^In. Ngoh jen. f| |f 
,keng ngd^ King y&,tr^^ 'td chat^ ngok^. 

Amazedly "J^ ^ "gok, ^In. Ngoh jen ; to look at 
amazedly, -^ jip^ ^ '^ ling* higdn ,86ung ^hon. 
Ling yen sidng k'an. 

Amazement, astonishment, ^^ ^keng ngok^. King 
ngoh, ^ ^ ,keng ^k'i. King k'i ; surprise, |^|| 



ch'd' 1^ Ch'd 1, 



lioi 1*. Hiai i. 



Amazing, very wonderful, {jj ^ ^ ch'ut, jk'i tik . 
Ch'uh k'i tih, ^ ^ ^ yi i' tik,. K'i i tih ; a- 
mazing, pf }f| ^ 'ho ch'ut, ^k'i. K'o ch'uh k'i, 
^ lij %• ,clian ch'ut, ^k'i. Chin ch'uh k'i. 

Amazingly, as : amazingly beautiful, ;^ j^ kik^ 
mill*. Kih miau, :^ ^ sham^ Tni. Shin mei ; a- 
mazingly wonderful, ^ ^ ^k'i miu^ K'i midu. 

Amazon, a female warrior, ^ tj^ *nu ts^ung'. Nil 
tsidng ; a virago, 3^ ^ ^ii sz\ Nii ^^> "^ ^ ^ 
^ii ch^ung^ ,fu. Nii chdng fd. 

Amazon, the river Maranon in South America, g^ 
R^r^ [;fpr:g] Amlsun. 

Ambagious, cirumlocutory, ?^ ^ 3^ ^ /au ^man 
t'di' ,to. Fau wan t'ki to. 

Ambassador, or an imperial envoy, ^^ ,yam ^ch'di. 
K'in ch'di, ^ ^ kwok, sz'. Kwoh sz ; ditto one 
from a dependent state, ^ ^ ^ tsun' kung' 
jShan. Tsin kung chin ; a plenipotentiary, t^^;^ 
^ jts'iin jk'iin tdi' ^slian. Ts'iuen k'iuen tii chin. 

Ambassadress, the wife of an ambassador, Ji^Ji^ t'di' 
Vki'. 

Amber ^Jg 'fu p'dk,. Fii p'eh ; yellow [false] am- 
ber, ^!^Q mat^ 14p^ p'jlk,. Mih Idh p'eh, :^ff 
hang' jWong. Hang hwdng ; red amber, J^f^ liiit, 
p'dk,. Hiueh p'eh; bright ditto, ^J^ jmingp'ak,. 
Ming p'eh ; light yellow ditto, ;jjc ^ 'shui p'dk,. 
Shwui p'eh ; stone ditto, ^J^ shek^ p'kk,. ShUi 
p'eh; flowered ditto, ^^ /dp'dk,. Hwa p'eh; 
amber beads, ^, ^ shat, shat,. Shih shih ; am- 
ber flower, ^ 'lam. Lin, ^ ^ 'lam ^li6. Lin hdu. 

Ambidexter, one who uses both hands with equal 
faciUty, ^ ^ J^ ffi ^ '16ung 'shau ^t'ung yung' 
'ch6. Lidng shau t'ung yung ch6 ; a double dea- 
ler, M. IS tt ^ A «fung 'mang chuk, ^chi ^yan. 
Fung mang chuh chi jin ; one who takes money 
from botli parties for giving his verdict, ^ p^ j^ 
H^^ shik^ Heungts^^ jt'ung 'che. Shih Hang tsdu 
t'ung ch6, \M(^^'}^^^ 'l<^"ng pin' .tau piii* 
'shau 'ch6. Lidng pien tau pei shau vh6. 

Ambidexterity ^^;^ jqj }^ H6ung 'shau ^chi jt'ung 
yung^. Lidng shau chi t'ung jiung; tbe taking of 
bribes from both parties, ^ pf^" lik ^ ^ sh'^^' 
*l(5ung ts6^ ^chi ^fui. Shau lidng t,sdu chi hwui. 

i^ii^^^is >u n»5ung ,kd k6"pd, ^mmz 

^iij shik^ Mcuiig ts(V ^chl jt'ung. Shih lidng tsuu chi 
t'ung, fil^fidl^ln] n6ung pin* shik^ jt'ung. 
Ambiguity, double meaning, ^||]|^ ^shtHmg ,kwdn 
wd\ Shwkug kwdn hwd ; one expression but two 



meanings, — ^ M M y^K ^^^ ^l^ung 'kdi. Yih 
kii lidng kidi ; one word and two meanings, 
— ^ \M M y^^ ^^^ M6ung i'. Yih t«z lidng i ; 
—M\^M1)'^^> ,kwdn 'Idungl'. Yih kwdn lidng i ; 
doubtfulness of signification, P^ =§. 5m' »ii_ Ngdn 
yu, ^ m P^' '^' m ^ kai^ 'ii. Ki yu. ^ a 
'yan 'u. Yin yii. 

Ambiguous, indistinct expression, -^ij^^^ Jh6m 
jVi chi 'ii. Hdn hu chi yti, |||||^ ,8hdung ^kwdn 
shiit,. Sliwang kwdn shwoh, ^ f^ ^ f ^ 'leung 
pin* 'kong tak,. Lidng pien kiang teh. 

Ambilogy, language of doubtful meaning, -^ iftS Z 
U' jh6m jU ^chi wd*. Hdn hu chi hwd. 

Ambiloquy, the use of ambiguous expressions, ^ mT' 
;^ |pj 'kung i' .chi jts'z. Lidng i chi ts'z, ^ ^ 
^ ^ ^sh^ung kwdn .chi wd'. Shwdng kwdn chi 
hwd. 

Ambition, a dasire of preferment, ^ ^ ^ ^ chi' 
hi' ^k6 'sung. Chi k'i kdu sung, |g g| A ^ ^t'^ 
jDiau tdi* sz*. T'li mau td sz. 

Ambitious, desirous of, ^ mo'. Mu, ^ ,k'au. K'iii, 
■^ jt'dm. T'dn ; ambitious of excelling, ^ fj^ 
jk'au shing'. K'iii shing ; ambitious of fame, ^ 
;g ^t'dm ^eng. T'dn ming, ^^^ ,t'dm 't'ai 
min*. T'dn t'imien, j^^ h6' jmeng. Hdu ming, 
^^:^ 'lo cSbi^g i"^eng ; fS :^ -^# ^ku ,meng 
yik^ ii*. Ku ming yih yu ; ambitious of power, g 
^ m6* shai'. Mii shi ; an ambitious statesman, 

•^^S^^O j^^iii V^K i^^^^^ c^*^ ,^^- Hwdi puh 

cliin chi sin. 
Amble, to, to pace, ^ ^ hen^ 'p'du. K'ing p'du, 

g^^ kuk^ chuk^. Kiuh chuh ; to pace along as 

small-footed women, ^ %M^[i]\ ^Imng tak, 

t'dn' t'dn' Hid, ^ :f| |^ [^ f/[T ^lang tak, 'ning 

'ning Mid. 
Amboyna wood, §^;^ 'yiiig muk^. Ying muh. 
Ambrosia, a plant, ^ ^ ^ i^ong ,fd ^h6. Hwdng 

hwd hdu ; imaginary foo<l of the gods (and genii 

in China), ^^MM ^^^ }^on fung* 'tdm. Lung 

kdn fung tdu, |^.jj| >n 'fu. Lin fii. 
Ambry, an almonry, jj^j^ij^j^ ,shi tsai' mat^ ,fong. 

Shi tsi wuh fdng; a cold meat safe, ^ ^ .fi^ng 

^tang. Fung Tang. 
Ambulance ^ ^' -^ l||^ ,i peng* jing ch6ung'. I 

ping ying chdng. 
Ambulant j^ ff jyau jhang. Yii hang, jg ^ ,chau 

,yau. Chan yu. 
Arabulants ^^ ,king 'ki. King kl. 
Ambulate, to, ^)^ .ohau ^yau. Chau yd. 
Ambulation ^v^ chau,yau. Chauyii, "^^ ,ts'im 

^yau. Siun yu, ^ ^ jau I'ln'. Yii wan, ^ 

kwdng'. Kwdng. 
Ambulatory }^ j;^ {{(j ^chau ^yau tik,. Cliau yd tib. 
Ambulatory, an aivade, ^ jlong. Ldng. 
Ambu8ca<le ^ '^ ^mdi fuk,. Mdi fuh ; a body of 

troops lying in ambush, iM "fjlj ^ tUidi fukj ,ping. 

Mdi fuh ping. 
Ambush, the place of concealment, ^ ifi ^ ]^ 

^mdi fukj ,chi ch'ii'. Mdi fuh «hl eh'd. 



AME 



(53) 



AMO 



Ameliorate, to, to make better, g^ ^- 'koi 'hb. Kdi 
hau, |fei§ ,tsoi ,p'ui. Tsai p'ei, f^||^ tsok, ^shing. 
Tsoh ching, ,1^ ^ tso- tsau'. Tsau tsiu, 'f^ ^ 
tsok^ hing'. Tsoh hing, ^ ^ taf hit,. 

Amelioration, improvement, ^ j(J- 'koi 'ho. Kai 
hdu, '^/0- pin' 'h5. Pien hau. 

Amen, be it so, iE'\a*)?rJPifc ching' ^sam 'sho i\n- 
-yA. Ching sin so yuen y6 ; the characters adop- 
ted by missionaries to express the sound are 



a' ^miin. Yd mun. 



Amenable, accountable, j^ ^ fuk, man-. Puh wan; 
to hold one responsible for every thing, ^^-j^ 

'iffif S f^ ^^^) ^^' i^^^ <*'^ ^^^' man-. Koh sz wei 
t'd shi wan. 

Amend, to correct, g^ jf 'koi ching'. Kai ching ; to 
amend one's ways, g^ ^^ 'koi kwo'. Kai kwo ; to 
reform, JE g, cMng' 'ki. Ching kl ; to supply a 
defect, ^<i|^ 'po kiit,. Pu kiueh. 

Amendable "^P^jE^ '^^ 'koi ching' tik,. K'o kdi 
ching tih. 

Amended ^JC^^ 'koi ching' kwo'. Kdi ching kwo. 

Amendment, a change for the better, pjl[ jjE "^koi 
ching'. Kdi ching ; amendment of conduct, g^^ 
^ 'koi ,hang ,wai. Kai hang wei, g^ ^ ^ IE 
'koi jts'e ^kwai ching'. Kdi sie kwei ching ; a pa- 
ragraph added to a bill &c., ^.j ^ fu' luk,. Fu 
luh, III ^ 'p6 luk^. Pu luh. 

Amends, to make amends, ^j^ 'p6 ^wdn. Pii hwdn, 
m-^ <t'ln ,wdn. T'ien hwdn, || tea 'p6 .t'in. Pu 
t'ien; restitution, ^[JBJ 'p6 jUi. Pu hwui. 

Amenity, pleasantness of situation, ^^^^ ^kii 
chi ^on lok^. Kii chl ngdn loh ; ditto of mind, ^ 
^, ch'eung' chi'. Ch'dng chi, ^ ;g shik, i'. 
Shih i. 

Amenorrhoea ^^ pai' ,king. Pi king. 

Amensa et Toro, a divorce from board and bed, ^ 
^^Ij^- /A -'fu pit, M- Fii fu pieh kii, ^^^ 
:^^|# /u ^ts'ai 'ts'am shik, /an Ji. Fii ts'i ts'in 
shih fan li. 

Amerce, to, fy H iiit^ c^gan. Pah yin, ^ ^ fdt, 
^kam. Pdh kin. 

Amercement, a pecuniary penalty, ^ -i|j ^kam fdt^. 
Kinfdh, ^-^ ^nganfdt,. Yinfah; a punishment, 
•^J P fat, tsiii^ Pah tsiii. 

Amercer Mff ^ ^^^^ ^^^^' '^^^- ^^^ **^^ ^^^• 
America :f^ J^ S Fdk'i kwok,. Hwak'i kwoh, ^ 

^ v^lj j}W Amilika ; United States, ^ g Hop 

kwok,. Hoh kwoh. 
American :I^M®t^ ^^^'^^ ^^^k, tik,. Hwdk'i 

kwoh tih, :J*£jilgP^ Pak'i kwok, k6' ; an Ameri- 

^^^> ^^.H A T'dk't kwok^ jan. Hwdk'i k^voh 

jin. 
Amethyst ^ ^ ^ <ldm 'p6 shek,. Ldn pdu shih ; 

amethyst color, ^ ^ 'tsz shik,. Tsz sih. 
Amethystine spar ^ ^ "^ Hsz shek, ,ying. Tsz 

shih ying, ^3i^ 'tsz yuk, jing. Tsz yuh ying. 
Amiable, lovely, pf ^ 'ho oi'. K'o ngdi, ^ ^ ^wo 

'oi. Ho ngdi, S ^^ P)' ^ 'oi ,in 'ho ^ts'an. Kgdi 



jling. Tsing ling; pleasing, l^f t^ ^xl ^^ ^^2 *^^>- 
K'o yueh tih, |^^ ^wan'^wo. Wan ho. 

Amianthus, earth flax, ^J^ shek^ ^a. Shih md(?). 

Amicable, harmonious, ^ 0^ ^wo m\ik,. Ho muh, 
^ jp ,wo shun'. Ho shun, 5j<0 ^ ^wo ^hdi. Ho 
hidi; friendly, ^ ^ ^wo oi'. Ho ngdi, ^^ jWO 
^au. Ho yu, j^ ^ ^s^ung oi'. Sidng ngdi ; ami- 
cable arrangement, 5^1^ jWO ^'o. Ho t'o. 

Amicableness, friendliness, ^ ^ ^wo oi'. Ho ngdi, 

"M ^ cf'^'^ ^^'- Kwdn ngdi. 

Amicably 5^ ^ ^wo oi'. Ho ngdi ; to an-ange an 
affaii- amicably,' j^ fll ^ ^ ^ 'i ,wo oi' t'o sz', 
|±5f4] kit, ^wo. Kieh ho, ^^ ^ixn'.wo. Lien ho. 

Amida Budha, |J^?g [5:^ % p ^mi^t'o fat,- O mi t'o 
fuh. 

Amid, ■) f^ ^chung. Chung, f^ ^ ^chung ^kdn. 

Amidst, ) Chung kien ; amidst the crowd, ^ ^ 
^ tsoi' chung' ^chung. Tsai chung chung ; amid 
the garden, ^ JH Pf? tsoi' ;iin ^chung. Tsdi yuen 
chung. 

Amiss, wrong, ^ ^ ^au ts'o'. Yii ts'o, :^ ^ ^sm 
kwo'. Yii kwo, ^ ^g shat, ts'o'. Shih ts'o; to 
take amiss, ^ »j^ kin' kwdi'. Kien kwdi, ^ »(^ 
^ kin' kwdi' chdk,. Kien kwdi tseh; if anything 
should happen amiss, ^^|5B.y^ J^^i V^^ '^^^^ 
chai\ Job yu tsii chi, ^ % ^H |i ;t t- J^^K 
-yau ^tdm kok, ^chi sz^ 

Amity, friendship, 5(^0^ ^wo muk,. Ho muh, ^^ 
/s'an mukj. Ts'in muh, ^ g^ /un muk^. Tun 
muh, ^ ^ jP'ing jWO. P'ing ho, 5|<0 ^ ^wo 'h«>. 
Ho hdu. 

Ammium ,^J^ 'mS, ^k'an. Md k'in. 

Ammonia (^^Pj^jj^ ,d ,mo ^ni ^d [^^]. 

Ammunition ^^i^^^^f!^ 'fo yeuk, tdn' 'tsz 
'tang mat,. Ho yoh tdn tsz tang wuh, ^C^s^"?" 
'fo yeuk^ ch'ung' 'tsz. Ho yoh ch'ung tsz ; arms 
and ammunition, ^ ^^ ^kwan hi'. Kiim k'i ■& 
^ j)ing hi'. Ping k'i, ^^ "mb hi'. Wti k'i, ^ 
|§ hi' hdi\ K'i hidi. 
Amnesty, a general pardon, ;/c H^ ^ T" *^^ ^^^' 
/'in hd^ Td shie t'ien hid; the proclamation con- 
taining the pardon, ;§,§§ jan chiu'. Ngan chdu, 
M.^^:kfk c^^'OJig cyan tdf sh6'. Hwdng ngan 
td shie. 
Amomum cardamomum ;({< ^ 'shui k'au'. Shwui 
k'au, ^^ hang^ k'au'. Hang k'au; cardamomum 
rotundum, ^ g ^ 'ts'6 tau' k'au'. Ts'du tau 
k'au; amomum villosum, ^^^ wok, ^shdjan. 
Hwoh shd jin ; amomum medium (Alpinia alba, 
Roscoe), ^ H 'ts'o 'kwo. Ts'du ko; iamomum 
granum paradisi, ^^ ^ ,shd ,yan. Shd jin, ^^ ^ 
'^ sai' ^shdtau'. Si shd tau; amomum anthoides, 
# in ^c^hd jyan hok,. Shd jin koh; the white 

amomum of trade, fi a ^ P^^s *^^' ^'^^'- ^^^^ 
tau k'au. 
Amoy ^ P^ Hdmun. Hidmun, or Amui. 



jen k'o ts'in ; charming as children, ^^ 



^tseng 



Among, ■) f^ 
Amongst, J 

nui, ^ P}l noi 



chung. Chung, 4* ^ ,ch\mg 
kien, ::i^ ^ tsoi' noi 
^chung. Nui chung, 



Chung 



^kan. 
Tsai 






AMO 



(54) 



A 311 P 



jt'au. LI t'au, ^0, noi* Hi. Nui li, 4'j\!i:' <chung 
sam ; there are some good ones among ifieni, :^ 
f^l^^.^ Vaii 'ho k(i' teoi^ noi^ f^ ^ ^ ^ 
^chung ^yau ^kdi 'ch6. Chung yii kid chd ; among 

Mn. TsdinI 



tsoi' *ni 



,chung 



you, :j^ #» 4? 
chung kien. 

Amor ^ oi'. Ngai. 

Amoi-ado, inamorato, ;^ ^ ^ A ,t'dm shik, ^chi 
jan. T'an sih chi jin, ^^^^:^\ .t'dm ,fd 
li6' shik, ,chi ^yan. T'dn hwd hdu sih chi jin, 
M.M^ ^ ^fung jlau 'tsz tai^ Fung liii tsz ti, 
B. M ^ A S^^S ut ,chung ^yan. Fung yueh 
cliung jin, ^"^ ^ \ liin^ oi' chi ^yan. Lwdn 
ngdi chi jin, ^ ^ ,p'iu hdk,, m^^ cChi 'fan 
hak ; ditto a youth, ^ ^ ^hdu 'tsai ; ditto a man 
of advanced years, ^ ^ ,hdu '16, jj^ ^ ^^ 1^ 
h6' ,kau ^chi 'fan, j^ |^ ^^'^|J h6' Idp, 'kau li^ 

Amorette ^^^^ t'am shik ^chi %u. TYm sih 
chi nu, ^ ^ <fdn kd', M Z '8<^ung '16, ^ % 
iiit^ jhau, ^:^ jhau ^p'o; a love affair, ;ji0,@,;^% 
s^ung j,8Z ^chi sz^ Sidng sz chi sz. 

Amorous, to be in love, j^ ^@, ^s6ung ,sz. Sidng sz ; 
i^ ^ liin^ oi'. Lwdn ngdi ; loving tenderly, -^ 
^ ts'it^ oi'. Ts'ieh ng&i, % ^ '\\ oi'. Jeh ngki, 
^. J^ liin^ m6^ Lwiin mii, ^ '|^ ^chung jts'ing. 
Chung ts'ing ; amorous behavior, J ^ mdi^ 
,hau, % ^ mdi^ 'ts'iii, % 1% mdi^ leng', f ^ 
mdi- sill', ^^^1^ mdiMung-^fung jts'ing. Mdi 
lung fung ts'ing, ^ Sn, ^j ^tid ^ngdn kok„ |^ ;^ 
# -If ^ngkn kok, .ch'iin ,ts'ing, J>:1 g 5I M '^ 
muk^ sung' ^ts'ing. I muh sung ts'ing, ^ |^ — 
^ H ^ -^ ^ cts'au ^po yat, 'chiin pdk, mi' ^kdi 
shang. Ts'au po yih chuen peh mei kidi sang, 

^M'^ffM '^^'^ ™^^' (^hi jhang jWai. Kidu mei 
ciii hang wei. 

Amorously ^MZM ckiu rnV dii ydung*. Kidu 
mei chi yang. 

Amorousness ^ ^' liin^ oi'. Lwdn ngdi. 

Amort, dejected, ^ j\^^ song' ,sam. Sdng sin. 

Amortization ^ ^ hi' ip^. K'i nieh. 

Amount, the smn total, ^t =-|- kung^ kai'. Kung ki, 
j|| ^ 'tsung sh6'. Tsung sii, — H yat 'tsung. 
Yih tsung, |l^ ||[ Hung 'tsung. Lung tsung, PJ^ 
^ P^ ham' pdiig' Idng', — • ^ yat, kung^. Yili 
kii"!,'. |S ^ 'tsung kung'. Tsung kung, ^ f£ 
t'ung 'ch'd ; what is the whole amount ? ^ h^ 
'^ ^ kung' kai' 'ki ,to. Kung ki ki to, ^ff^ 
-J^ kung' kai' yeuk^ ,kon. Kung ki job kdn. 

Amount, to, to reach, ^ f f- kung^ kai'. Kung ki, 
^^ Icung^ Sim'. Kung swdn, j^^ 'tsung siin'. 
Tsung swdn, jg,:^ ^t'ungsiin'. T'ung swdn, -^^ 



h6p siin'. lloh swdn ; to amount to (the result, 



imd, or substance oi" an allivir or narrative), 
't^ung hai'. Tsung hi, $ljjfg t6' 'tai. Tdu ti, i^ 
■ shau 'mi. Shau wi, |* J^ klt^ 'mi. Kieli wi, ^ 
t6' 'mi. Tdu wi ; what does it amount to ? ^ 
kung' kai' 'ki ,to, gjii^^ kai' ^mdi 'ki 
to ; it amounts to, f^j- ^ kai' ,mdi, — ^ g |* yat 
hi' kai'. Yih k'i kl. 




Amounting, [to], ^ ff- kung' kai'. Kung ki, ff ^ 
kai' ^mai, ^^^^ ^mdi 'tsung 8h6', Mdi tsuni? sii. 

Amoui', illicit connection in love, 3^ i£ sz t'ung. 
Sz t'ung, ^ f^ ,sz jts'ing. Sz ts'ing, -^ \^ ^t'au 
• jts'ing. T'au ts'ing, |kS 4* ^ ^^ <^^S chung ^chi 
y^uk,. Sdng chung chi yob, ^ ^ ,8Z ,pan. Sz 
pan, ^ ^ ^sz ^kdn. Sz kien, ijjj ^ ^Vs6 oi'. Sie 
ngdi. 

Amour or Amur, the largest river in Manchuria, ^ 
^i /X Haklungkong. ITehlungkidng. 

Ampeloprasum [Jj ^ ^shdn siin*. Shdn swdn. 

Amphacantus, dory (tish), |§^jS^,bii 'mang. Li mang. 

Amphibia or | JifC |{^ »i6 ^^ 'shui luk^ ping' ^shang 

Amphibious, ) 'chd. Shwui luh ping sang chd. 

Amphibioiogy m^i^^tk^z^mfm^^^"^^^ 

lukj ping' ^shang ^chi ^ch'ung shau' 'tang lui'. Lun 
shwui luh ping sang chi ch'ung shau tang lui. 

Amphibium TJC |^ ^ ^ ^ 'shui lulq ping' ^shang 
'che. Shwui luh ping sang che. 

Amphibological ^ ^ |^ ^sh^ung ,kwdn shiit . 
Shwdng kwdn shwoh. 

Ampliisbaena ^ ^ ffe*^ 'Idung ^t'au ^sh^. Liang t'au 
shie. 

Amphitheatre ^ [D 1§^ ^ ,chau ,iin hi' jCh'6ung. 
Chau yuen hi ch'dng. 

Amphitheatrical, exhibited in an amphitheatre, ^ 
^ m ^_^} ^^: ^ tsoi' ,chau ,iin hi' ^ch'eung 'in 
'che. Tsai chau yuen hi ch'dng yen che ; pertain- 
ing to an ampliitheatre, P/J1[0|l|JJ^ ^kwdn ^chau 
jiin hi' jCh'eung. Kwdn chau yuen hi ch'dng. 

Ample, large in extent &c., ^ ^ 'kAvong fiit . 
Kwdng kw'oh, ^ ^ kwong ti'u". Kwang ta, ^ 
J^ /tin 'kwong. Kwdn kwdng, ^ H /un fut,. 
Kwdn kw'oh, f^ ^ fut^ tAi^ Kw'oh td; abun- 
dant, ^ ^ c^^i^g tsuk . Fung tsuh, ^ /^ /ung 
hau'. Fung hau, X ^ tdi' to. Td to, ■^ ^ gfe 



kau 



> $ 



yau jVi. 



Kau vii vu ; liberal, '^ A ,f»i" tai' 



Kwdn td ; ample means, ^ ^ ^ ^ kok, yduni 
sz' kau'. 

Ampliate, to enlarge, ^ ^ :^ t«ok, fut, tai'. Tsoh 
kw'oh td, 'f'^j.^^l tsok, 'kwong fut^. Tsoh kwdng 
kw'oh. 

Ampliation, see Amplification. 

Amplifiicate, to, sec Amplify. 

Ampliflication, extension, )|}j ^^ hoi fiit,. K'di kw'oh; 
diffuse comments, g^ J^ |4: f^ jt«'6ung sai' chii' 
'kdi. Ts'ihng si chu kidi ; dirtuse narrative, p^^ 
■^ ift jts'eung sai' ^chi shiit,. Ts'iang si chf 
shwoli, ^^Z^ i^'h'am chui' ,chi shiit,. Ch'in 
cluii chi shwoh ; exaggerated i-epresentation, ;^ 
1^ ;^ ■^ kwo' shatj chi jin. Kwo shih chi vi ?,. 
M'kZ^ kwo' 'fo ,chi Hi. Kmo ho chi yu, ^'g* 
ZWt ^^''"' tong' ^chi shiit . Kwo tdng chi shwoh, 
^^Z%% .hii jfau chi ^ta'z. Ha fan chi ts'z. 

Amplified, enlarge*!, |^ |^| >§ ,hoi fdt, kwo*. K'di 
kw'oh kwo ; diffusely explained, ^ s^ f^ iS 
jts'i^'ungsai' 'kdi kwo'. Ts'idng si kidi kwo; exag- 
gerated, ^ ^?f :fc jfi 'kong tak. t'di' kwo*. Kikiig 
tch t'di kwo. 



AMP 



(55) ANA 



Amplifier, one who enlarges, H H ;A; :^ ,hoi fut, 
t4i- 'die. K'di kw'oh ta ch6, f^ ^ A ^ tsok 
'kwong tai' 'che. Tsoh kwang ta che ; one who 
explains diffusely, ^^fflsifW:^ .ts'eung sai^ chii' 
'kai 'ch4. Ts'iang si chii kiai eh6 ; one who exag- 
gerates, ^ ^ ^ A c*° /°^ c'^^^^ iJ^^- ^^ J^^ *^^i 
jin. 

Amplify, to, 1^ "^ fok, ch'ung. Kwoh ch'ung, ^ 
J^ffy tso" tdi' tik^. Tso ta tih; to treat copiously, 
|^^|^,^j}| chli' '^kai ^ts'eung sai'. Chii kiai ts'iang 
si ; to exaggerate, ^^^^^f^ ^kong kwo' tong' 
^chi wa^ Kiang kwo tang chi hwa, gJifciiStl^^fJ 
shut kAVo' shat, ^chi wa'. Shwoh kwo shih chi 
hwa, ^ # tI^ ^ ^ .i/C 'kong tak, mi- Tnin kwo' 
■^fo. Baang teh wi mien kwo ho, fft f^ ^ Jj^ 
shiitj tak, t'ai' kwo'. Shwoh teh t'Ai kwo. 

Amplitude, extent, ^ A 'kwong tai'. Kwang ta ; 
extent of intellectual powers, :^ ^ ^ ^ A ^^^' 
wai" ,chi 'kwong tai'. Chi hwui chi kwdng t^ ; 
ditto of learning, |^ ^ pok, hok,. Poh hioh, ^ 
^ Mt® ^^^i i^^^^ 'kwong pok^. Hioh wan kwdng 
poh ; amplitude ortive and occiduous, ^ifl§;|!gp^ 
■^ jS. c^^^S c^^^ jSeung kak^ ^chi 'tin. Tung si 
siang keh chi yuen ; amplitude of range, •5@,'fi^^ 
ji ifi: ^ ^ p'au' 'ma ^fi 'iin kan' ^chi ^ch'ing. 
P'4u md fi yuen kin chi ch'ing. 

Amply, abundantly, "^^ ^fun^in. Kwdnjen; amply 
provided, ^^Ma^ ^'ai pi' /ung tsuk,. Ts'i pi 
fung tsuh, ^ ii J£ % ^ jts'ai pf tsuk^ yau <ii. 
Ts'i pi tsuli yu yu ; amply explained, MMM^^ 
'kong kwo' ,ts'eung sai'. Kiang kwo ts'idng si. 

Amputate, to, ^ij ^ kot^ kii'. Koh kii, ^ij -^ kot, 
hii'. Koh k'ii, ^ij kot,. Koh ; to amputate an 
arm, ^ij^ — '^^ kot, kii' yat^ cliek^'shau. Koh 
kii jA\ chill shau ; to amputate one of the limbs, 
W'J * P-^ ^ ^ — kot, hii' s/' ^chi ^chi yat, ; to 
amputate the feet, ^|J ^ iit, tsuk,. Yueh tsuh, 
J{^ ^ ngat, k6uk,. Wuh kioh. 

Amputation fij |g |Z!5 ^ ;^ J^ kot, kii' sz' ^chi chi 
fat^. Koh kii sz chi clii fali; ditto flap operation, 
■^^^MZ^^ 'leung ^pin tui' kot, ^chi fdt,. 
Liang pien tui koh chi fah ; ditto circular opera- 
tion, ^ SlliS W'J ^ ^ c^'^^^^ c^ai jSiin kot, ^chi 
fdtj. Chau wci siuen koh chi fah. 

Amulet, charm, ^ jfii. Pu, ^ ^ ^heung ^pdu ; a 
ring with a locket worn round the neck is called 
U^^'vo cShang /u. Pau sang fu, ^ ^ ^^ 
u' ^shan ^fix. Hu shin fu ; ditto one for expelling 
devils, ,|| ^ ^ ,k'ii ,ts'6 ,fd. K'ii sic fu ; ditto 
one for controlling the devils, '/p j^^^J ^'^^^^ 'kwai 
jfii. Chi kwei fii ; the pure water charm, ^^j^^ 
tsen^ 'shiii ^fu. Tsing shwui fu. 

Amuse, to, to spend agreeably, ^Kf ^B$ ,fun lok, 
jii ,shi. Hwan loh yu shi; to spend the day agree- 
ably, 'I^ 1'^ M. B fai'Jok, kwo' yatv Kw'di loh 
kwo jih, II |['| ]>X fi /K B tsik, lok; H ^siu Ving 
yat,. Tsih loh i sidu yung jih, ^ jjIS B -y- i' kwo' 
yat, 'tsz. I kwo jih tsz ; to spend the time agree- 
ably, fj|)j ^ ^t'au jhdn. T'au hien ; to amuse with 



un" 



playing, ^ ^ ^wdn 'shd. Hwin shd, ^ 
'sh^. Wdn sha, ^ ^ lin' 'shd. W^n sh^, ^ ^ 
%}ii lok,. Shd loh, ^Ij ^ tsak k'ek,. Tseh k'ih, 
^ ^^hf lung-. Hi lung, ^ |^ hi' yeuk,. Hi 
hioh, hJ*=S ^fui (hai. Kwei hidi; to dissipate grief, 



'\j>^ ,hoi ^sam %. K'd,i sin ho. 



>^ 



^sam miin-. Kicii sin mwdn, f^^ \i\ jShau. Kia 
tsau ; to amuse \nth idle promises, J^ ^ ^ iH 
^liii jin %iong ying'. Hii yen wdng ying. 

Amusement, sport, ^ ^ ^w^n 'sha. Hwdln sh^ ; 
theatrical amusements, ^^ '^ ,p'di jau. P'di yii; 
recreation, ^ |^ Jidn 's^n. Hien sdn ; ditto by 
walking, -^^ hii' kwdng'. K'ii kwdng, ^^ — ■ 
|ej kwang' kwdng' yat^ jui. Kwdng kwang yih 
Invui, ^f^ kwdng' ^kii, ^-^ sl,n' po'. Sdn pu; 
to seek for amusement, ^ ^ ^t'o ts'ii'. T'u ts'ii, 
^ ^ ^t'dm ts'ii'. T'dn ts'ii ; entertainment of a 
friend, ^ ^ ts'ii' mi'. Ts'ii wi, ^^ ;§ sliik, i'. 
Shih i, ^^^ i' ts'ii'. 1 ts'ii. 

Amuser, one who affords agreeable amusements to 
others, ^^ZK- ^^"k, ts'ii' ^clii ^yan. Shih ts'ii 
chi jin. 

Amusing, pleasing, ^ ^ 'ho ts'ii'. Hdu ts'u, ^ ^ 
'hb 't'ai. H^u t'i, -^^ 'ho ^t'eng. mu t'ing, % 
j^^^ ts'ii' ts'u' tik„ ^MJj 'ho ts'ii' /ong. 

Amygdalate, emulsion made of ahnonds and sold in 
the streets, '^ ^^ hang' ,yan ^ch'a. Hang jin 
ch'd ; made of almonds, ^ ^ ■^^fX ^aiig' ^yan 
tso' ke'. Hang jin tso [;^] che. 

Amygdalinc :^ '^ ^ hang^ <yan ^seung. Hang jin 
sliw^ng. 

Amygdalinc ^ ^ 'fr: P|E shuk, hang- ,yan ke', J^ 
i^-fi;;^ shuk, hang- ^yau'che. Shuh hang jin che. 

An, the indefinite article, — • yat^. Yih * ; an officer, 
— ' M W yatj jiin ^kiin. Yih yuen kwan ; an or- 
ange, — • •^ t^ yatj ko' jCh'^ng. Yih ko ch'ang ; 
before a consonant the letter N is dropped, as : — a 
man, — '^K yat, ko' ,yan, Yih ko jin. 

Ana, in medical prescriptions, it denotes equal parts 
of the sevei-al ingi-edients, and is then written aa, 
^^l^i^S kok^ mi' jkwan chung'. Koh wi kiun 
chimg, i^-i^j^i^^ kok, mi^ ^kwan jp'ing. Koh wi 
kiun n'in"". 

Anabaptist "^mm§t^-k KZW.^ .ts'ung ^shi 
'sai lai ^ii tdi' ,yan ,chi k^u' 'che. Ts'ung shI si li 
yu ti jin chi kiAu che, ^W^jM:kkZWi^ 
'shau tuk, tsam' 'lAi tdi' ,yan ^chi k^u 'die. Shau 
tuh tsin \i ta jin chi kiau che, '^ ^ ^ Z \ 
tsam' "'lai k^u' ^chi ^yan. Tsin 11 kidu chi jen. 

Anacanthus, Ray, f^^ ^po '16. Pu lAu. 

Anachorite, ") a recluse, |g [1| ;^ A 'yan <shAn ^chi 

Anachoret, / jan; aTauist hei-mit, |^gll|^d: 'yan 
^shdn to' SZ-. Yin shdn tdu sz, |g jjj #j i Van 
^sh^n shut, sz'-. Yin sh^n shuh sz, j^ ji: ;^ ^ ^jjl 
pi' shai' ^chl fat^ ^sz. Pi shi chi f^li sz. 

Anachronism ^ Zp^'^^' <P^^ ^S'- ^^^ ^^^^ ^"^j ^ 

^^ ^ 'sz chi ch'A mau'. Shi chi ch'k miii. 

* See under A,pp. 1 & 2. 



ANA 



(66) 



ANA 



Anachronistic, erroneous in date, H -J^ ^ yatj 'tsz 
ts'o', ^ ^ # ^ H ^ ;^ ^ J)iu w4k, ,nin wkk, 
yatj 'tsz ^chi ts'o\ I^PJl^^^ 'sz ,chung ^chi ts'o'. 
Shi chung chl ts'o. 

Anagallis MM^ <^^^ f"k, /i. 8hl fuh hw4, ^^ 
^chung. Chunt,', ^ ||P .fdn jlau. Fan lau. 

Anagyris-foetida ^ f^ ^wdi /a. Hwdi hwk. 

Analects |^^ lun^ 'ii. Lun yd, g^ jts'iin. Ts'iuen. 

Analeptic, invigorating medicine, ^il JCJ, ^ 'p<^ hiit, 
y6uk^. Pii hiueh yoh, ^ ^ ^^'v^ likj ,chi 
y6ukj. Pii lih clii yoh. 

Analogical ^ ^ tseung" ^'z. Siing sz, i^ '(y 
,s6ung 'ts'z. Si^ng sz, jif^ 'hb 'ts'z. U^xx sz, ^ 
^ lui' 'ts'z. Lui sz, ^ /(y 'fong 'ts'z. Fing sz, 
^^ 'fong fat^. F^ng fuh ; having little analogy, 
pg g^ ^ ^m ,to 'ts'z, J^ ^ 16uk, -ts'z. Lioh sz, 
M^ 'p'o ^s'z. P'o sz, ^% 'shdu 'ts'z. Shiu sz, 
^—^M Vau yat, ,ti 'ts'z, 0^ 'p'o ts'iu'. P'o 
sidiu, ^^ h'juk, ts'id'. Lioh si^u. 

Analogically ^i:(ll^ yung* 'pi ii". Yung pi yii, j;|; 
■^ 'pi lun'. Pi lun. 

Analogism ^^ ,ch'ui lun^ Ch'ui lun. 

Analogize, to, ];t;|^ 'pi lun^ Pi lun, IS"^ ch'it, ^in. 
Sheh yen. IS; M l^ ci ch'it, ^mdi ^lai 'kong. 

Analogous ^ ^ ts6ung' 'ts'z. Sidng sz, f^ ^ 'hb 
'ts'z. Hfllu sz. 

Analogy ;fQ 3^ ^s6ung lui^ Sidng lui, ^ =^ 'fong 
fat^. Fdng i'uh ; there is some analogy between 
the two, ^^;|fl!Jy\ '16ung sz* ,8eung lui^ Li^ng 
sz siing lui, ^;^ ^ Jj^ -^ 'fong fat, ,s6ung 'ts'z. 
Fdng fuh sidng sz ; there is some analogy be- 



tween the two languages. 






m M '" cyam 



,96img ts'z. Yli yin si^ng sz ; there are men who 
resemble each other, and things which bear some 
analogy to each other, A^^'IW^I^ffiN 
jan 'yau ,s6ung Hs'z, mat^ 'yau ^seung jt'ung; a 
compari.son, J;(^ 9^ 'pi ii^ Pi yu, J;[j ^ 'pi /ong. 
Pi fing. 

Analysis ^ ^ ^ts'^ung 'Hi Ts'idng ki4i, ^ ^ 
t'au'«k4i. T'au kidi; synopsis, ^^ |4 iti' chii', 
Yin chii, fff]^ 'kin 16uk, Kien lioh. 

.Analytic ^ /<j4 v^ t'au' 'kdi k^\ ^^M s^uk; 
,ts'«Sung 'kdi. Shuh tsMdng kiili. 

Analyze, to, to rcnluce a body into its elements, ^ 

wuh kwei yti ptin hang ; to separate a compound 
subject into its parts and explain each s<5parately, 
M il 'kdi t'au'. Kidi t'au, ^ l^ kdi p'o'. Ki4i 
p'o; to trace to its proper source, |^ |j^ ch'ui 
.iin. Ch'ui yiien, ^^ll^j^M 'l»^'i kau' ,k'i ,loi 
^K iM^i^ s^' sk'f 'pvui ^iin. Su k'i pi'in yuen; 
to explain iiiinutely, ^^\if^^ ,ts'eung sai"kdi 
<ming. Ts'idng si kidi ming. 
.\ ualyzcd, resolved into its constituent ))arts, ^ 3j^ 
'^ <1 A^^l .fun kwo' mat, jChI 'pun ,baug. Fan 
kwo wuh chi pun hang; tmctxl to its j)roper 
source, :fgi jl^ lit /g ,ch'ui kwo' ,k'i ,ihi. Ch'ui 
kwo k'i yuen, # 3® iB: jjj ^ 'h4u kwo' ,k'i ,loi 
lik,. K'{iu kwo k'i Idi lih. 



Analizcr, one who analyzes, ^ ^ ^ ;4^ ^ ^ ^fism 
matj ,chi 'pun jhang 'ch6. Fan wuh chi p6n hang 
cM. 

Analyzing, resolving into elements, ^ 4^ ^ ^ 2)C 
^7 /an matj ^kwai ,ii 'pdn jhang. Fan wuh kwei 
yu pun hang; tracing a matter to its proper 
source, ^ ^ ^ ^^ ch'ui mat^ ^chi ,iin. Ch'ui 
wuli chi yuen. 

Ananas, pine-apple, ^ ^ j)o ,lo. Po lo, jg^ ^ (?) 
fung^ ,11. Fung Ii. 

Anarch, one who excites revolt, ^ ^ ^ ,mau *£Sn 
'ch6. Mau fdn ch6, i^ ^:t \ <*^ok, 'fin ,chi 
^yan, Tsoh fin chi jin. 

Anarchical, without a government, g[ lun\ Lwdn, 
HRZ^ tsok, 'fdn ,chi tI^ Tsoh fin chi ti. 

Anarchist, an anarch, ^^1^ ^mau 'fin 'ch6. Mau 
fin ch6, pL^^Z A Piin' yik, ,chi ,yan. Pwin 
nih chi jin. 

Anarchy, want of government, ^'^fe^ ,md ^kdn 
^mo ^kwan. Wii kwin wii kiun, JBt <^ ^'^ ,m6 
fd* ^m.b ^kwan. Wu fu wu kiun ; political confu- 
sion, gjj liin-. Lwin, §L^ liin* shai'. Lwin shi; 
rebellion, ^ f. 'fin liin^ Fin lwin, ^ |[ piin^ 
liin^ Pwin lwin, ^_t. fdn sh^ung^. Fin shing, 
"W^Z^ pui' yik, ,chi sz\ Pei nih chi sz ; great 
confusion, ^ gj, 'hb liin^ Hiu lwin, ;^ ^ tii' 
liin-. Ti lwin. 

AnaiThicas, wolf-fish, || .^ # ^lui ^kimg ^ii. Lni 
kung yd. 

Anas galericulata, the mandarin duck, ^ ^ ,un 
jeung. Yuen ying, ^ % gC| .wong ip, p'at,. 
Hwing yih p'ih. 

Anasarca, a dropsy of the cellular membrane, ^ 
IM ^'^ M sP'^ ^^K 'shui 'chung. P'i moh shwui 
chung. 

Anathema, a curse, ^lBH. chau' cho' (or tsiV). Chau 
tsd ; excommunication -with a curse, ^ ifife /^ |fi, 
hi' tsiitj ,chi cho'. K'i tsiueh chi tsu ; a denuncia- 
tion by ecdesiavstical authority, ^{tj^^"^ chuk, 
ch'ut, ,kung lii". Chub ch'uh kung hwui. 

Anatomi(!al ^ J^ P^ 'p'au ,shi k6', g|J j^ j^ 'p'au 
,8hi tik,. P'au shi tih, 1^4^ ^Z^ shuk, 'p'au 
^shl ^chl fit, . Shuh p'au slii clii fih. 

Anatomist, one who dissects bodies, n^ i^ ^ pan 
jSliI 'ch6. P'au shi ch<^ ; one who is skilled in the 
art of dissection. ai^flP^ 'p'»^^ ^^^1 miu' 'shau. 
P'aii shi miiu shau, if^ j^ ^ ]^ tseng ^ii 'p'au 
^shi. Tsing yii p'au slil ; one versed in the princi- 
ples of anatomy, '^l3fiS<|6:^3a ^ .sham shik, 
'p'au <8hl ,chi Mi 'ch6. Shin shilj p'au shi chi If 
ch6. 

Anatomize, to, to dissect, nfi^ p'au ,8hl. P'au shi, 
wlj ^ ^ tl 'P'a» »ch'd pik, 't'ai. P'au ch'a peh 
t'l ; to lay open and examine minutely, nr|| H |9| 
^ 'p'au hoi sai' ,ch'6,. P'au k'Ai si ch'd ; to iljs- 
sect a body luul examine its minute parts, ^ j^ 
l^lSi 'p'ati ^slil eh 'lit. ^mi. P'au shi cb'jUi wi. 

Anatomy, the art of dissecting, n^i^^^j^ 'p'au shi 
,chi fit,. P'au shi chi fih ; the doctrine of the stnic- 



ANA 



(57) 



ANE 



tiire of the body, "g" f| >^ ;^ il pak, 't'ai ^shang 
^chi "li. Peh t'i sang chi li ; a discourse on an- 
atomy, "g* fl ^1^ p^k, 't'ai ^shang lun-. Peh t'i 
sang lun. 

Anatron, soda, ^^ ^ts'ingjim. Ts'ing yen [p^jjUj^]; 
spume, j^ 3fe s^*^ jkwong. Fau kw6ng. 

Ancestors j|§[ 'tso. Tsu, ^ ^tsung. Tsung, ffl^ 'tso 
^tsung. Tsii tsung, the first ancestor, ^ fg^ "^ch'i 
%o. Ch'i tsii, ^^ t'di' ,kung. T'ai kung, ^1^ 
pi" "^tso. Pi tsii ; ancestors in general, fg^ -^ 'tso 
^sin. Tsii sien, J^ jjjg^ slieung- "^tso. Shang tsu, jjtg 
Jh 'tso slieung". Tsii shang, -^^ ,sin jyan. Sien 
jin, ^ \ jts'in ^yan. Ts'ien jin ; the ancestors of 
three generations above one's own father are call- 
ed, ^^^ (ko ^tsang *^ts6. Kau tsang tsii ; male 
ancestor, f§ ^ 'tsb 'hau. Tsii k'au, -j^ ^ t'ai' 
^kung. T'ai kung ; female ancestor, fg^^ 'ts5 "^pi. 
Tsii pi, ^ ^ t'ai' ^p'o. T'ai p'o ; ancestor and 
kindred, ^ ^^ ^tsung tsuk,. Tsung tsuh ; ances- 
tor and posterity, ^ ^ ^tsung ^chi. Tsung chi, 
^ 0jf ,tsung p'ai'. Tsung p'ai, ^ j^ shai' bar. 
Shi hi. 

Ancestral ^ ^tsung, jj^ ,ts'z. Ts'z, «& ^ li|E 'ts5 
jtsung ke'; an ancestral temple, ^J|| ^tsung miii\ 
Tsung miau, ^jji^ ^tsung ^ts'z. Tsimg ts'z, ^ ^ 
^ka jts'z. Kia ts'z, ^ ^ ^ka miii". Kia miau, -[tf; 
^ shai' shat,. Shi shih, jjf^^ ^ts'z ^t'ong ; ances- 
tral tablet, )|^ ^ j{^ jShan 'chll ^p'di. Shin chii 
P'^i' Hfi ^ 'fe 'ts6 ^sin wai". Tsu sien wei, J|^ ^ 
<p'di wai'. P'di wei, ^ ]^ <ling ^p'ai. Ling p'6i, 
)f^il sP'ai ng^k,, -^ lut,. Lib, |^ -ni. Ni ; ances- 
tral slirine (or niche), f ^jj{^ ^shan ^ts'z. Shin ts'z, 
f $ t^ sShan jlau. Shin lau, %^ ^ ^shan ^hom. 
Shin k'an. 

Ancestress ^ 'pi. Pi. 

Ancestry, lineage, ^^^ tsuk^ 'p'o. Tsuh p'u; a book 
of ditto, ^^^ ^tsung ^chi p6". Tsvmg chi pii. 

Anchor * ^ ^nau. Midu, |^f § fit, ^ndu. T'ieh miau; 
a stone weight &c. used instead of an anchor, ^ 
teng', igy teng'. Ting ; to drop (or cast) anchor, |/^ 
^ ^p'au jUau. P'du midu, ~\\ fg 'hd ^nau. Hia 
miau, ^ |g lok, ,nau, j^ i^J fong' teng' ; to an- 
chor, ^ '^Q ^wan pok^. Wan poh ; to weigh an- 
chor, ^ ig 'hi jUau. K'i miau, IJ^ fg 'kau ^nau. 
Ki&u miau ; to ride at anchor, ^ yQ ^wan pok^. 
Wan poh ; anchor buoy, fS ^ 
p'au, -jj^ ^ 'shui 7)'au or p'au'. 

Anchorage, anchor-ground, 7^ '/Q ^ t^ ^w4n pok, 
,chi ti-. Wdn poh chi ti, ^ j^ ^wan ch'ii'. W6n 
ch'u ; a duty imposed on ships for anchoring in 
a harbour, ^ TJC ^ ki' 'shui ^ts'in, jS^ ^ ^shun 
shui'. Ch'uen shwui, f^ I^ |^ jShim ^t'aii shui'. 
Ch'uen t'au shwui. 

Anchored, riding at anchor, ^ '^Q ^wdn pok,. Wan 
poh. 

Anchoress l^jlinlE:^ yan^shdnke' Tiii, ^^ ^chdi 
X^, ^ M i^i ,M. NI ku. 



jUau p'au'. Miau 



*^mmi^^M 



^ 



I .ts'5 
ts'o ,ii 



Anchoret, ) |^ lU :^ V^^^ t^han 'che. Yin shan 

Anchorite, J ch6. 

Anchoring |/^ |g ^p'au ^nau. P'du midu. 

Anchovy, fish, ]^ '^ 'ma 'ts'ai. Ma ts'i, f 
jii. Ts'au yii ; anchovy sauce, f ^ # | 
'kai. Ts'au yii kiai. 

Anchovy paste ,^ ^ ^ "ma ^s'ai tseung'. Md ts'i 
tsiang. 

Anchylosis, immovabihty or stiffness of a joint, *^ 
'f^ ^ kwat, tslt^ 'kang. Kuh tsieh kang. 

Ancient, old, of distant times, -^ 'ku. Kii, -j^ B^ 
'kii ,shi. Kii shi, J: "S" sheung- 'kii. Shung kii, 
f± i 'wong 'kii. Wdng kii, ^ Bf sik, ,shi. Sih 
shi, ^ -^ jts'ln 'ku. Ts'ien kii; ancient sages, 
"^ ^ A ku shing' jan. Kii shing jin ; the doct- 
rine of the ancients, "^ A-S^t '^^^^ J^^ c^lii kau'. 
Ku jin chi kidu ; ancient city, -j^ ^ 'ku ^shing. 
Ku ching ; the ancient continent, opposed to the 
new, ng^Pfi, l^ffiu^g, I^P:I|;#I][!|;|1^:!>H Aulopa, 
Asia, Afilika 'tang ^chau; an ancient family, j^'^ 
shai' shat,. Shi shih, ^^ shai' ^ka. Shi kid ; an- 
cient and modern, "^^ 'kii kam. Kii kin; ancient 
characters or writings, "^^ 'ku tsz'. Kii tsz, -j^ 
^ 'kii jUian. Kii wan ; of an ancient shape, -^ 
^ ^ 'ku '16 yeungS Kii lau ydng ; the people 
of the present age are (in morality and integrity) 
unequal to the ancients, -^ ^ ^ ~^ ^kam pat, 
k'ap, 'kii. Kin pub kih kii. 

Ancient, the ancients, "^ \ 'ku ^yan. Kii jin ; an- 
cient, see ensign. 

Ancientry, lineage, '^jj^:^^ 'kii tsuk, ^chi ^wing. 
Kii tsuh chi yung. 

Ancillary, subservient or subordinate, ^^ A -^ "^ 
fuk^ jyan ^chi jk'iin. Pub jin chi k'iuen, |^^-f 
^ jk'iin t'eng' ^ii ^yan. K'iuen t'ing yii jin, ^ 
^i^A t'eng' ming- ^ii jan. T'ing ming yii jin, 
'^ \ P)X Mi <^^i iJ^^ ^^^^^ chai'. Wei jin so chi. 

And ^ k'ap,. Kih, ijg ping'. Ping, ^ ping'. 
Ping, ^ ^kim. Kien, ^ 'ch'6. Ts'ie, jfij ,1. Rh, 
XjauK Yu,:^ji\. Yih, MHi. Yn, .^'-jL 
Y6, j^ jlin. Lien, |g] ^t'ung. T'ung, ^ kung-. 
Kung, ^ jling. Ling, ^ k'i'. K'i ; you and I, 
f^^f^ '111 k'ap, "ngo. NI kih wo ; he took leave 
and returned home, "o"^ f?n ^ ^6' .ts'z ^i ^kwai. 
Kdu ts'z rh kwei ; one hundred and two, — '^^ 
ZL yat, pdkj (ling l^ Yih peh ling rh * ; and so 
forth, -^^ jWan ^wan. Yun yun ; and yet, 1^ 
chung^. Chimg; two and two is four, Hzi'^^ 
f i" jii sz'. Rh rh ju sz; nine and nine is eighteen, 
ZL^JU — '-pA i' '^kau yat^ shap^ p6,t,. E/h "kiti yih 
shih pdh. 

Androgynal, see Hermaplxroditical. 

Andromeda, a northern constellation, ^ ^ ^kwai 
^sing. Kwei sing, [^ ^ kong' Jau. Kidng lau. 

Anecdote ^ ^ ^k'l sz". K'i sz, -j^ ^ 'kii sz'. Ku 
sz> ff # i^ .san^sln 'j6, ^f B# § 'hb ,shi ^man ; 

'kong tiin- ,k'i 



to relate an anecdote. 



^ 



^man. Kidng twdn k'i wan, ^Ex^i^^ 'kong 

* See author's Grammar of the Chinese Language P.I. p. 92 &c. 



ANE 



(58) 



ANG 



tun^ ^san ,8in 'y^, ^ m^tl'^ ^i^^M '1<«°S tiin^ 

'h6 siu' w4' Sii ^t'eng; to relate an anecdote about 

the ancients, ^ ^ "jSf f5^ ^ 'kong tiin^ 'kii 'ni 
t'eng. • 
Anemone ^ ^ ^ t'5' ^kw'ai ,hi. T'li kw'oi hi, j^ 

^ ^i jkw'ai. llh kw'ei. 
Aneurism ^ J3)i^ J^ ^ t'iu' mak^ hiit, ^nong. T'iiu 

meh hiueh ncLng. 
Anew, over again, |^ tsoi'. Tsii, ^ fuk^. Fuh ; in 

a new form, |^^ tsoi' ^san, Tski sin, ^ 0f fuk^ 

^san. Fuh sin. 
Anfractuous, full of windings and turnings, j^ ^ 

^^ ^chi tsz* 'k6m y6ung*. Chi tsz kkn y4ng. 
Angariation, compulsion, ^i^ *k'6ung pik,. K'iang 

pih, Hd^ jk'an ,kung. K'in kung. 
Angel, a celestial messenger, ^ ^ ^t'tn sz'. T'ien 

shi, %^ yia ^ch'ii. T'ien ch'di, ^f f ^t'in ^shan. 

T'ien shin ; a spiritual messenger, %^^ jShan sz'. 

Shin shi. 
Angel-fish ^"^ZM A^ i^ ,chi lui\ Slii yd chi 

lui. 
Angelic, ") belonging to angels, ^ '^ P|lE ^t'in sz' 
Angelical, ) k6', ^ ^ '^ ,kwSn ,t'in sz'. Kwin 

t'ien shi, ^ 5c "^ R^ 1/jl i^ y^^ sz' 'k5m y^ung-. 

Ju t'ien shi kkn ying. 
Angelica ^jt pak,'^chi. Peh chi, |^f^ ,keung ut^. 

Kidng hwoh, ^X M M^^S ^^- Hung li. 
Anger, wrath, jg; ^ -fan nb\ Fan nu, '|^ ,^ -fan 

ub\ Fan nil, ^ ^ n6' hi'. Nii k'i, ^^ ^shang 

hi'. Sang k'i, ftj^ kuk, hi', ^ ^^ pcV n6^ P4u 

t 'fan ch'i\ 



nu, ^ iK chan' no'. Chin nu. 



Fan ch'i, ^ ^, ^nau n6\ Nidu nii; appearance 
of rage, |lj| jfig ^ch'an n6\ Ch'in nu, ^ i^ han* 
n6^ Han nii; to be in a rage, ^ ig bin n6\ 
K'ien nu ; to be in a great rage, -f' ^ 3fig .shap^ 
fan n6^ Shih fan nu, :^ ^, tiii^ n6^ T4 nu, ^ 
$•1 7 ^ # ,nau t6' Hiu pat, tak,. 

Anger, to, to excite anger, ^ ^, kik, n6'. Kih nii, 
f^^^ ch'uk, n6-. Ch'uh nu, j^iht tung' n6'. Tung 
"■i, ^ M ^W n^'- Chi nu, ^^ kik, ,nau. Kih 
nidu, ^ z|g ^, 76 'hi n6\ Yo k'i nu, tf |«5 ,liu 
('liii) n6-. Lidu nii, :^\l ^ fim^ n6^ Fdn nii ; to 
quiet one's ang«ir, ^^ ^. sik, n6^ Sih nu, J^ J^. 
lit^ n6^ Ydh nu, it i(g 'chi n6^ Chi nii, 7; ^ 
'hd hi'. Hid k'i. 

Angle ^ kok,. Koh, ^^ling. Ling, ^f| ,Ung kok,. 
Ling koh ; an angle or cox-ner in a room, ^ J^^ 
kok, lokj jt'au. Koh loh t'au, ^ j^ chim kok,. 
Chuen koh ; fovu: cornere of a table, |/t| |ip| sz' ^ii. 
Sz yu, (Jl| ^ ^ fij sz' chekj kok, jt'au; a right an- 
y;ic, -^'^ ^fong kok,. Fang koh, i|[^ chik^ kok,. 
Chih koh, ^ 'kii. Kii ; an acute angle, ^ ^ 
yui* kok,. Jui koh ; an obtuse angle, ^(^ ^ tun' 
kok,. Tun kok ; a spherical angle, ^ |f^ ^j link, 
sin' kok,. K'iuh sieu koh ; opposite angles, ^.j-^ 
tiii' kok,. Tiii koh ; angle (for fishing), ^ kaii. 
Kau, ^^^ tiu' ,u ,kau. Tidu yti knu. 

Anlge-rod % ^. tiiV ^kon. Tiau kdn, ■$<| |^ ^ tiii' 
jU ,kon. Tidu yii kdu. 



Angle, to, to fish with an angle, -^ ^ tiii' ^u. Tidu 
yii ; to fish for praise, ^ ;^ tiu' u^ Tidu yii ; to 
steal (angle for soles), ^^M'^ tiii' t'at shd. 
Tidu t'dh shd. 

Angled ^^ -yau ,kau. Yu kau. 

Angler, one that fii^hes Avith an angle, ffj ^ jf^ tiii' 
jii jung. Tidu yii ilng. 

Anglican ^ @ uj^ Ying kwok, k6' ; an anglican, 
^ S P # ^ A Ying kwok, shing' lii' ^chi 
^yan. Ying kwoh shing hwui chi jin, i^ ^ §9 £ 
^"ItA I'ai' Ying kwok, shing' lii^ ke'^yan, J^^ 
H ^ # ^ ^^^ Ying kwok, shing' ui' 'che. 
Shuh Ying kwoh shing hwou ch6. 

Anglicism, an Engl, idiom, ^ ^ Z ^ ff] iP^S 
shukj ^chi Ying ^ts'z. Yung sl'iuli chi Ying ts'z, 

Bi^Z^W^ J^T^S shuk, ,chi Ying ^u. Yung 
shuh chi Ying yii. 

Anglicize, to make English, ^^^^^ A— ^ ^^»* 
lin^ hokj Ying jan yat, shik,. Kiau ling hioh 
Ying jin yih shili. 

Anglo-American, an, ^ T^ Wi A Ying Fdk'i 
,yan ; pertaining to descendants of English- 
men in America, ^ ^ jpf A "^ Ying Fdk'i 
jan k6'. 

Anglo-Danish, pei-taining to the English Danes, ^ 
A B^ A "^ Ying Taini jan U\ jg $i g ;^ A 
Vji A shuk, Ying kAvok, ^chi Tdini ,yan. Shuh 
Ying kwoh chi Tdni jin. 

Anglo-Norman, an, '^ t^ f^ \ Ying Noman ,yan. 
Ying Noman jin ; perta,ining to the Anglo-Nor- 
P»an, ^ ^ ^IS pjj X ^ sliuk, Ying Noman ^yan 
'ch6. Shuli Ying Noman jin che, 

Anglo-Saxon, an, ^ ^ Ig A Ying Saksun ,yan. 
Ying Sehsin jin ; pei-taining to the Saxons who 
settled in England, :^^ip^ Ying Saksun ke', 
M^M'^ K^ shuk^ Ying Saksim j\an 'ch6. 
Shuh Ying Sehsin jin ch^. 

Angry, to become, ^ jjgt fdt, n6'. Fdh mi, ^ jgt 
,shang nb\ Sang nii, |$ ^ fdt, ^n5. Fdh ndu, 
1^ M fat, ,nau. Fdh nidu. |^j(gjr fit, nat„ ^ ^ 
,8hang hi'. Sang k'i, ,|ep^ 'hi ok, i'. K'i ngoh 
i ; to make one angi-y, ^ J99 A ^^ i^^" J^^- 
Kih nidu jin, fUSj ^ A ^^K hi"g' jVan. Kih hing 
J'"' WiWl^^ kik, tak, hdp/hd*p, hing', Id X 
^. tung' jan ub\ l\mg jin mi, fl^ X jta ch'uk, 
jan no*. Ch'uli jin nu, ^ B| . A i^i" Cli") ,nau 
jyan. Lidu nidu jin ; irritate<l, ;gjt luV. Nii, ^|| 
shau' hi'. Shau k'i, ^;(gc ]n' no'. Pi mi; displea- 
sed. P& 11^ ^ »m ,fiin 'hi, ji lit m M 4nun-H'6 
,nau hi', — i^ pgt it yat, 'ku nb' hi'. Yih kii nd 
k'i, —}]iM y^^K '^'^ ''i'- Yih t'li k'i; to feci an- 
gi-y (but suppress it), p^|g yam nau. Yin nidu, 
Bb ^ bm' kuk,. Ngdn kiuh ; angry worths, ^-^ 
n6' ,in. Nii yen, 99^.^^ ,nau nV ku' wd' ; an 
angry look, ^, ^ n6' sliik,. Nii sih, ,:^ ^ 116' 
jiing. Nil yiing, ^|DJM|^ 'mun min' ,nau hi', 
^ jM^ (^ \l\} fdt, jhung jt'iii min' ; to siHsk in an 
angry tone, |||fl||[fj 11^1(11 ,lun ,lun ,chun ^chun, ^ 
y n6' jShing. Nii shing; I am angry wth you, 



ANG 



(59) 



ANI 



not be so angry, p)jt^ Tnai ^nau. 

Anguilla, conger eel, |||g man' Jai. Man li. 

Anguish ^ j^ ^ts'ai 'ts'am. Ts'i ts'an, ^ Jg ^ts'ai 
jl^ung. Ts'i Mng, ^^ ^ts'ai 'ch'o. Ts'i ts'u, ^ 
^ %'Am kik,. Ts'Sn kih, ^ ^ jau ts'ik,. Yii 
ts'ib ; extreme pain, '^%^^)M t'ung' tak, ^ts'ai 
jleung. T'ung teh ts'i li^ng, j^ i|^ 'ts'am t'ung'. 
Ts'an t'lmg. 

Angular ^ ^ yau kok,. Yu koh, -^ ^ ffy hai" 
kok, tik.. Hi koh tih. 

Angulous, see Angular. 

Angustate, narrow, ^ chdk,. Tseh ; diminishing ra- 
pidly in breadth, ^^ ^ hap, ch4k,. Hidh tseh. 

Angustation, the act of making narrow, -j^ ^ tso" 
chak^. Tso tseh, f^ ^^ |g[^ tsok, hdp^ tik . Tsoh 
hiah tih. 

Anhydrous ^^^ij jnb 'shui tik^. Wii shwui tih. 

Anight :^ [^ ye^ ,kdn. Ye kien, ^^ ye^ hauS S^ 
4^^ Tu^n jt'au y6'; anights, every night, ^^ 
*mui y^-. Mei ye ; frequent and customary acts 
during night, J^^^ |^ 'lii ts'z' j6- ^kan, Lii ts'z 
ye kien, '^B#-f^f^ ^sheung ^shi ye' ^kdn. Ch^ng 
shi ye kien. 

Animadversion, censure, g£|^ 'pin chdk,. Pien tseh; 
stricture, ^ pin'. Pien, ^^ ,p'ai pok^. P'i poh, 
^P^ <p'ai ,p'ing. P'i p'ing. 

Animadvert, to, to remark upon by way of criticism, 
M W cP'ai sP'ing. P'i p'ing, P^ ^ ,p'ing lun^ 
P'mg km, ^ ^ 'pan ^p'ing. Pin p'ing, ^ ^ 
'pan jt'ai. Pin t'i, :^ ^ ^p'ai pok,. P'i poh ; to 
censure, ^ chak,. Tseh, ^ ^ 'pin chak^. Pien 
tseh, ^ ^ 'king chdk. king tseh; to inflict 
punishment, ^ -^ chdk, fatj. Tseh fd,h ; to re- 
mark on people's shortcomings, ^^ A-^^^5 
jP'ai sP'ing ^yan ^chi ,ch'eimg 'tiin. P'i p'ing jin 

chi ch'ang twan, ^tm K^M^ ^^^' ^^^' iJ^^ 
jChi 'hd 'ch'au. Twin lun jin chi hdu ch'au, ^ 
Aitf ^ 'kong jan <h6 'ch'au, ^ A # ^' .P'ing 
jan jau liit,. P'ing jin yii Hueh, ^MA^U^ 
f^ to- jt'im jan ke' shf ^fi. 

Animadverter (slang) ^\^ ^^ t^'^'^s c^^i P^ 
'cheung. T'ung kiai pdu dicing. 

Animal, an, a living being, ^ ^ ^shang mat,. 
Sang wuh, ^ ^ shang jUng. Sang ling; a 
domestic animal, ^^ ch'uk, ^shang. Ch'uh sang, 
6^ P ^shang 'hau. Sang k'au ; the six kinds of 
domestic anunals, t i^4^^||;^^< 'md, ^ngau, 
jeung, ,kai, 'hun, 'ch'i. Md, niu, ying, ki, 
k'iuen, ch'i ; a hairy animal, %^ * ^mo ^ch'ung. 
Mdu ch'ung. 

Animal ^ ^ P|£ ^shang mat, ke', ^ ^ ^^ ,shang 
mat, tik,. Sang wuh till ; animal spirits, ^ ||| 
jtseng jShl,n. Tsing shin ; animal food, [1^;^ yuk, 
sliik,. Yuh shih, H ^ tsap, shik,. Tsdh shih, ^ 
^ /an shik^. Hiun shih, ^ |g ^fan ^sehg. Hiun 



f Horse, cattle, sheep, fowl, dog and pig-. 

• 'ITie Chinese unicorn as the representative of the hairy tribe, 
is so called par excellence. 



sing; 



to have exhausted one's animal spiiits, |ffi 
-fei ^ II s^b mat, /seng ^shan, ^ ^ Jo /seng. 
Mu tsing, ^ fl Jo ,shan. Ldu shin ; deficiency 
of animal spirits, JHl ^ J^ |^ hiit^ hi' ^hii y4uk>. 
Hiueh k'i hii joh, ^ ^ ^ ^ hiit, hf -yau Jai. 
Hiueh k'i yii kw'ei ; abundance of ditto, j^ ^ 
gM ^ li^^t, hi' ^k'eung chong'. Hiueh k'i k'iing 
chwang ; animal soul, ^ pak,. Peh, j^^ hiit, 
hi'. Hiueh k'i ; animal com-age, ^ ynng. Yung, 
§^ -fan ^yung. Pan yung, ^ ^ ;^ ^ hiit^ hi' 
^chi yung. Hiueh k'i chi yung. 

Animalcule (pi. often animalculae) ^^ ^ ^mi 
jCh'ung. "Wi ch'ung, jj? ^shd ^ch'ung. Sha 
ch'ung, j^^s^^^ 'hin ^mi keng' jCh'ung. Hien 
wi king ch'ung. 

Animal magnetism, see Mesmerism. 

Animate, to, to inspire, ^ ^ 'sung tsung'. Sung 
tsung, 1^ ^ ^yung 'sung. Yung sung ; to urge, 
^^ 'min lai^ Mien li, ff f£ Js'iii ts'uk,. Ts'ui 
ts'uli ; to enKven, ^'^^ chi' fai' lit,. Chi kw'ai 
hwoh, -jl^ y^ 1^ 'sz utj tung^ Shf hwoh tung ; to 
animate soldiers, j^ -E lai' ^ping, Li ping ; to 
animate [cheer] laborers, workmen &c., ^ ^ 
'ku Tn5. Kii wii, ^J^ 'tseung laf . Tsiang li, ^ 
j^ kik, lai^ Kih H. 

Animate, alive, ^ ;^ ^ ^au lit, tung'. Yii hwoh 
tung ; animate and organic nature, ^ ^ ^shang 



mat,. Sang wuh, 

chik,. Fi ts'ien tung chih. 



Ji jts'im tung* 



Animated, endowed with life, ^^ ^ ^shang lit, 
tik,. Sang hwoh tih, ^ ^ shang mat^. Sang 
wuh, ^ i^ lit, p'ut,. Hwoh p'oh, ^^mM^ 
lit, lit, p'ut, p'ut, ti^ Hwoh hwoh p'oh p'oh ti ; 
lively," '(^-j^ &>f fai' lit, tik,. Kw'ai hwoh tih; 
vigorous, ^ ^ ^man tsit^. Min tieh, -^ ^ fdi' 
ts'ii'. Kw'^its'ii. 

Animation, Life, >^y^ ^shang lit,. Sang hwoh, ^^ 
utj hi'. Hwoh k'i, ^ ^ .shang hi'. Sang k'i, ^ 
^ ^shang ^ki. Sang ki ; the state of being ani- 
mated, '1^'/^ fai' lit,. Kw'ai hwoh; sprighthness, 
^'1^ (heng fdi'. K'ing kw'd.i ; in good spirits, ^ 
^H "^ho Jseng ^shan. Hau tsing shin. 

Animative 'j^f^^^ 'sz lit, tik>. Shi hwoh tih. 

Animator, one that gives life, ^^^^ ts'z'^shang^ 
lit, 'ch6. Ts'z sang hwoh ch^ ; that which infuses 
life> ^)^W)^ '^^ ^*> tung- 'che. Shi hwoh tung 
che, ^'(^^^W^ 'pi' lit, tung- ke' mat,. 

Animo furandi ^^M>i^\ yau f 'seung J'au. Yii 
i siang J'au, ."^ ^ ^7 ^ i' tsoi' jhang sit,. 1 tsai 
hang tsieh. 

Animosity, violent hatred, -^ 1® ^ "^ ts'it, 'ch'i 
,chi jch'au. Ts'ieh ch'i chi ch'au, ^A^.iJL 'ho 
tdi- iin' jch'au, f^,^ ban' ok,. Han ngoh ; a slight, 
;P;P^' yan' kwik,. Hin kih ; to give a slight, 4^|^' 
^sliang kwik,. Sang kih, ;p; iQ yan^ Jiin. Hin 
twan, ^t ^ kit, iin'. Kieh yuen ; a feeling of 
animosity, ^(^^ jUn kwik,. Hien kih. 

Anise seed, star, /\^ pat, kok,. Pah koh ; the large 
kind, A ^ tai' Jii. TA hwui ; the smaller kind. 



ANI 



(60) 



ANN 



yj>|^ 'siu jiii. Sidu hwui, yJ>|E&^ 'siii jdi ^h^ung- 
Sidu hwui hidng ; general name for the seed, "^ 
^ jiii ^heung. Hwui hidng, |^ HI -^ ,8hl ^lo 'tsz. 
Shi lo tsz, -^^ jwdi ,h6ung. Hw^i hidng, jg || 
^ jts'z jHiau ch'ik,. Ts'z mau ch'ih. 

Anisette, a cordial flavored with anise seed, ^^"^ 
jUi ^h6ung 'tsau. Hwui hidng tsiu. 

Ankle f^ B^ k6uk, 'ngkn. Kioh yen ; ankle bone, 
MW^-^ k6uk, Tigin kwat,. Kioh yen kuh, j^g 
^ k6uk, mul^ kwat,. Kioh muh kuh, ^ B^ )|^ 
k6uk, 'ngan ^lau. 

Anklets f^]^ M\i\ ak,. Kioh ngeh. 

Annalist ^^ kwok, 'sz. Kwoh shI, ^^ k^m' 'sz. 
Kien shi, ^ gg 'sz ki'. Shi ki. 

Annals, a relation of events in chronological order, 
ffi ^ ^ le liK toi^ 'sz ki'. Lih tii shi ki, ^^ 
^t'ung k&m'. T'ung kien, )^^ ^kong kirn'. Kkng 
kien, g| |2 l^^ok, 'ki. Kwoh ki, ^ ^ 'sz tsik^. 
Shi tsili, ^JS^ 'sz ch'ik,. Shi ts'eh, |^^ ,pin ^nin. 
Pien nien ; to write annals, ^ ^ luk^ 'sz, Luh 
shi, ^^ 'ki 'sz. Ki shi. 

Anneal, to, ^ ^ kim' <im. Kien yen. 

Annex, to, to join, |Jj;|- fli^ Fu, p}i)- ^ fu' tsip,. Fu 
tsieh, llj- ^ fu- hop^. Fu hoh, jg ^ ^lin tsip,. 
Lien tsieh, ^^ tsip, tsuk^ , ^^J^ pd' chim'. Pd 
chen ; to connect with the preceding, J^ ^ tsip, 
'sii. Tsieh sii, [# ^ j^ Jl f u' tsip, tsuk, -mi. Fii 
tsieh suh wi ; to annex a kingdom, 1^ fji^ ^ § 
pd' chim' jlun kwok,. Pd chen lin kwoh. 

Annexation [ii(s|-^ fu^ h5p^. Fu hoh, ^ j^ pd' chim'. 
Vk chen. 

Annexed Pj^ ^ j!^ fu' hbp^ kwo'. Fu hoh kwo ; an- 
nexed to, i^ ^ tsip, tsuk^. Tsieh suh. 

Annexion, the act of annexing, |{j^ >^ fu^ hbp^. Fii 
hoh, (see Annexation). 

Annihilable Pf Ji fe^ S 'lio chi' ,kwai ,m5. K'o chi 
kwei wA, ^ % %'■% 'sz tak, ,kwai ,m6. Shi teh 
kwei wii, -f^ :ff %% "^ 'pi tak, ,kwai ^h k6'. 

Annihilate, to reduce a thing to nothing, ^ ^ %^ 
^ 'sz ^chi ^kwai ^mb. Shi chi kwei wu, 3^ i^ ^^ 
^ chi' mat^ ^kwai ^loa.h. Chi wuh kwei wu ; to 
destroy the foi-m of a thing, 'f^ ^* ,^ ^ 'sz kwai 
,u ^au. Shi kwei wu yii, f^Xl ^% C^^^n- Mieh 
wdng \ to annihilat,e an army, ^f^-^"^ ,chii 
mitj jts'iin ^kwan. Chu mieh ts'iuen kiun ; to an- 
nihilate friendship, ^^ tsiit^ ,kdu. Tsiueh kidu. 

Annihilated, reduced to nothing, ^^ jShing ,hung. 
Ching k'ung, ^ J ;^t7 ,kwai Miu Jiung ^mong. 
Kwei liau k'ung wdng, ^ |g hi' t8un^ K'i tsin, 
^ 7 miit^ ^liii. Muh lidu, ^ 7 ^hung Hiu. 
K'ung lidu ; annihilated as an ai-my, ^"^^^ 
jts'tin ^kwan ,chu mit^. Ts'iuen kiun chu inicli. 

Annihilation ^ |[ffi ^kAvai ^mh. Kwei wii, ^ ^ hi' 
tsun'. K'I tsin. 

Anniversary ^ ,kl. KI, f.j- ^ tui' ^nin. Tui nien, 
^^ tui' sui'. Tui sui, ^.J-ji tui' ^chau. Tvii chau, 
^ tj ki iitj. Ki yueh ; a birth day, ^ g ,shang 
yat^. Sang jih, || |g} sliau' tdn'. Shau tdn.' 

Anno Domini (A. D.), in the year of our Lord, HD 



M ^ iM: J^s" kong' shai'. Jesu kidng shi. 

Annomination, a pun, J]3^S§^^ y'lng* ,sh^ung 
jkwdn ^chi ^in. Yung shwdng kwdn chi yen ; the 
use of words nearly alike in sound but of different 
meaning, U'^T-HM.Z^ ,t'ung jam pat. 
jt'ung i' chi jts'z. T'ung vin puh t'ung i chi ts'z, 
n^^^Z^ .t'ung jam i' tsz' ,chi 'ii. T'ung 
yin i ts'z chi y6. 

Anno Mundi (A.M.) ^ *ttl fl^ If I^ ^ ,t'In tf ,hoi 
p'ik, H ,loi. T'ien tl' k'di pih i lii. 

Annona, a year's production, provisions, ^{^ shik, 
matj. Shih wuh. 

Annotate, to make remarks on a writing, %^ sP'o^g 
^p'ai. P'4ng p'i, 5||t ^p'ong ehii'. P'ing chii. 

Annotation, a commentary, |^ ^ chii' 'kii. Chii 
kidi ; remarks or interlinear explanations, ^ |||| 
jp'ongfan'. P'dng hiun, 5^:^ ^p'ong^ai. P'ang 
pi W ii 'c'li" ^'l^ii • Chen chii, 

Annotator |t ^ ^ chii' ^shii 'che. Chu shu ch6. 

Announce, to, to give notice, fg^ i)6' chi. Pu chi, 
^ k6'. Kdu, ^ Dp k6' 86' (or sii), ^ ^ tat, 
,chi. Tdh chi, 5§ ^ t'ung ,chl. T'ung chi; to 
announce a victory, $^^ p6' jyeng. Pu ying, ^ 
^ p6' tsit^. Pii tsieh ; to announce a visitor, ^ 
^ p6' ^meng. Pu ming, *§ ^ t'ung ,meng. 
T'lxng ming; to announce one's intention to leave, 
■^ ^ k6' jts'^r. Kdu ts'~ ; to announce to the 
gods, ^^ 'pan ^shan. Pin shin, ^-g-^^^ pan 
k6' jShan ^ming. Pin kdu shin ming, )^i^jp$ tatj 
jii jShan. Tdh yu shin, ^ ^ 'piu ch6ung. Pidu 
chdng ; to announce to a superior, ^^ 'l)an ko'. 
Pin kdu, ^ ^ * 'pan pdk^. Pin i)eh, ^ ^ 'imn 
jming. Pin ming ; to announce a death, f |»^ fii* 
p6'. Fii pu ; to state, fjf ^ wd' ,chl. Hwd chi, 
1^ shiit,. Shwoh, p ^ 'kong chi. Kidng chi ; 
to declare by judicial sentence, ^ ^ tcng* on'. 
Ting ngdn. 

Announcement ^if^ ^siin shi'. Siuen shi, -^Uf k6' 
s5'. Kki sii, ^ ^ p6' kcV. Pii kdu ; the an- 
nouncement of a death, ||» ^ fu' yam. Fu yin; 
to make an announcement, :^ ^f ^t'au sb'. T'au 
sii ; the annoimcement, |g ^ ^t'au jts'z. T'au 
ts'z, ff f^ s6' ,ts'z. Sii ts'z. 

Announcer, one tliat gives notice, ^ "a" ^ P^' ^6' 
'ch6. Pu kdu chd, |g ^ ^ ,t'au so' 'ch(j. T'au 
sii ch6. 

Annoy, to, fj":^ 'td'kdu. Td kiAu, '^A wan\yan. 
Hwan jin, '^f^j wan' ndu'. Hwan uau, ify'^ ,ii 
wan', Hii hwan, fjilf.g: k^iu Hii. Kidu ydu, ^^ 
Man' cht^ung', Hwan ching, ^)^ pdk, im'. Peh 
yen, PE ^ pd pai, fl^;^ ,k'iu nau, K'idu niii, 
f^^jnu iiiu\\ Mo nin, ^|| ,k'iu ,n{in. K'i^u 
n&n, ^f^ ,Im miin'. Yen mMun, ;f|fvi im ohim. 
Yen chen, ^ j^ fin Si6. Fdn ndu, ^ j^lj! Jan 
Mli. Fdn yiiii, ^^ ts'6' Mii. l^u vdu. .f)!^ ,s6 
'iii. Sdu ydu, -f^ ^ ,kon ,fin. Kan fdn, 1| Uf 
,keng tung*. King tung; to annoy by petitions, 
^^f^ ndu' 'pan t'lp,, N4u pin t'ieh ; to annoy 

* An expression not uavd in the south of China. 



ANN 



(61) 



ANO 



Lau sau, 
Annoyer Hp 

AnnoyinE: B| 
sui, Dji: Pi 



superiors, J^ /^ sheung" tuk,. Shdng tuh, ^ jg 

mo- tuk,. Miiu tuh, ^ ^ sit, t'eng'. Sieh t'ing, 

^^1^ sit J man-. Sieh man; to annoy with words, 

to bother, (fp j^ 'lau 'ts'6. Ldu ts'au, ^ pf <lo 

jts'o. Lciu ts'au, ^ J^ chui- tuk,. Chui tuh. 

Annoyance ^ m Jo ^nan. Lau nan, ^ ]^ <16 ^so. 

^ 1^ J^^^ nan-. Mo nan. 

)^ ;^ A, (lo c^^ c^^^^ sJ^^- 1^0 s^^ ^^^ 
^ ,ch'i ,ch'in 'che. Ch'i ch'en ehe. 

-^ ,^ y'^^^ ^^- i^^ 1^' 'i^ ^ ./^'"^ s^ii'- ^^11 

sui ; an annojdng person, y^ J^^ |^ wan^ p'l' 
Cheung'. Hwan p'i chang, ^l^j^ A }^ c^^ ^^hl 
<yan. Lo sau chl jin, i!^^^^ wan" nau^ c^'Lmg 
,sai. Hwan nau tung si. 

Annual, yearly, ^ ^ ^^ Tniii ^nin tik,. Mei nien 
tih, -^:^P|SE -miii ^nin ke', ^i^^ ,nin ,nin -yau. 
Nien nien yu, i^ ^ ffj; ^ pm ^nin 'sho "yau. 
Nien nien so yu ; annual festivals, ^ ^ 'Iff -^ 
'miii iiin tsit, lin^. Mei nien tsieli linsr ; birth- 
days and days of decease, J^ ^^ ^shan ki'. Shin 
ki, m ^ ;^ tsit, hi' ^chi yat,". Tsieh k'i chi 
jih ; annual occurrence, ^i^P^^ -mui ^nin k6' 
sz^, ?M ^ 6»I -^ ,chau ,nin tik, sz/. Cliau nien tih 
sz ; the annual course of the sun, ^ ^^ sui' 
yat, ^chi po'. Sui jih chi pu. 

Annually, yearly, ^-^ pin ,nin. Nien nien, ^^ 
'mui ^nin. Mei nien; to return annually, ^^^ 
• — ^ Trnii ,nin Joi yat, ts'z\ Mei nien lai yih ts'z. 

Annuitant, one avIio receives or is entitled to an an- 
nuity, -^ 1^ ^ BB A t^^' '^u^o (kwai jt'in jan. 
Tai fung kwei t'ien jin. 

Annuity, an annual allowance, ^ ^ ^JX ^ ^ ^ 
mui ,nin 'sho k'ap^ ^chi ^ngan. Mei nien so kill 
chi yin ; to grant an annuity, ^ ^ ^ ^ Tnui 
jUin k'ap, ^kam. Mei nien kih kin, ^ ^ tlj 
*mui ,nin ch'ut, ,ngan. Mei nien ch'uh yin ; to 
receive an annuity for life, ^ y^ ^ 'yeung -lo 
jngan. Y^ng lau yin, ^ ^^ ^^chung ^shang 
^nin ^kam. Chung sang nien kin, ^ P ^shim 
'hau ^ngan. Shen k'au yin. 

Annul, to, to make void or of no effect, ^ ^ fai^ 
'ch'i. Fei ch'i, ^^ fai' hii'. Fei k'ii, :^^ kak, 
jch'ii. Keh ch'ii, ^ ^ .ch'u hii\ Ch'u k'ii ; to 
repeal a law, ^^^"^^j kak, .ch'ii kau- lai'. Keh 
" ^HS fai' hi' kau' cheung. Fei 



r-m- 



ch'u kiu li, 

k'i kiu chang. 
Annular, having the form of a ring, ^^^^ 'ts'z 

jWdn ^clii tseun^. Sz hwdn chi siang, 'j^ 1^ ^xf 

hai^ ^hiln tik^. Hik'iuentih, ^'^ yau Jiiin. Yu 

k'iuen, ^ g) ;^ 5|jc jau .wan ^chl chong^. Yii 

hwan chi chwansr. 
Annulet, a ringlet, /]\ ^ 'siu ^hiin. Siau k'iuen, |g] 

^:fg jlin iitj /a. Yuen yueh hwil ; a narrow flat 

(square ?) molding, ^ ^ ^ 'tau /ong /a. Tau 

fang hwa. 
Annulled ^ 5t ji^ fai' 'ch'i kwo\ Fei ch'i kwo, ^ 

^ ^;^ k^k, .ch'ii kwo'. Keh ch'ii kwo, ^ i ^;^ 

.ch'ii hii"- kwo'. Ch'u k'ii kwo. 



AnmilUng :^|^ kak, .ch'ii. Keh ch'u. 
Annulment ^ ^ fai' "'ch'i. Fei cla'i, :^ [^^ M\ 

.ch'ii 'che. Keh ch'u cU, ^-^-^ kak, hii' 'chsl 
Keh k'ii che. 
Annumerate, to, to add to a former number, j)Wf^^^ 

Hj; ka ^t'im .ts'in sho'. Kia t'ien ts'ien su, ^^ 

^|!^ ^t'im yik, ^ts'in sho'. T'ien yih ts'ien sii,, j^ 

1^ Wi ^ .ka .t'im sho' muk,. Kia t'ien sii mtih.. 
Annumeration |^ § ^^ J!jfl'^ sho' muk, .chi .ka ^t'ijra,. 

Su muh chi kia t'ien. 
Annunciate, to, to announce, ^^^ p6' ko'. Pu kau; 

to bring tidings, ^g |^ J^^ p6' .siu sik,. Pii sidu 

sib, ^^ ^ po' .man. Pii wan ; to acquaint wit&, 

f ^ ^P po' .chi." Pii chi. 
Annunciation, an announcing, ^ -^ po' ko'. Pii 

kau ; the annimciation of glad tidings, ^"o-ijfH^ 

po' ko' fuk, .yam. Pu k&u fuh yin. 
j Annunciation f^-Q-:^ po' ko' 'ch6. Pu kau die. 
Anode, equivalent to the positive pole, ^^^^ 

^ tin' hi'^ .chi .young kik,, Tien k'i chi y^ng kilk. 
Anodyne, any medicine which allays pain, JJ^^Hf 

'kam t'ung' yeuk^. Kien t'ung yoli, jf;^^ 'chi 

t'uDg' yeuk,. Chi t'ung yoh. 
Anoint, to, to pour oil upon, -jl^vft fu' .yau. Fu yu; 

to rub over with oil, j^ yft mut, .yau. Moh yu, 

:^yffi ,ch'a jau. Ch'a yu, -^yfi ^t'6 jau. T'li yd; 

to lay on ointment or oil, |^ y^ *^ tdp^ .yau .kSu 

Tkh yii kau; to anoint with fragrant oil, 1^0,^ 

^ .t'6 -i .heung chak,. T'li i hidng tseh, ^^^M 

.ch'a .heung .yau. Cli'd hi&ng yu ; to anoint a 

king, i^yft^#:i"§" fu' .yau .tang wai^wong: 

'shau. Fu yii tang wei w^mg shau. 
Anointed, to be, ^ jl^ '(^ yft shau' kwo' fii^ J^xt, 

Shau kwo fu yu ; to have anointed, -^ ^ y^ fu^ 

kwo' ^yau. Fii kwo yu, ^ ^ yft .ch'6 kwo' ^yaw. 

Ch'A kwo yii. 
Anointer -(^vft^ fii'" jau che. Fu yu ch^. 
Anointing ^ y^ fu^ .yau. Fti yii, J^ yft mut, ij^^- 

Moh yij, :^y^ ^ch'a .yau. Ch'a yii. 
Anointment, the act of anointing, ^ y^ fu' ^yara^ 

Fti yii, 'f^yft^ fii^ jau 'che. Fu yii che. 
Anomalous, deviating from the rule, ^ Jj£ pat,, 

ching'. Pub ching, :^>^m pat, h5p, "li,*^ 3^ 

ngoi' -li. Ngdi li, ^ (D5&) ^ yik, (ngdk,) "'11. Nila 

11. 
Anomalously ^ j|p ^ pat, shun' li. Puh shun IS„ 

^ ^ ^ pat, .ts'un "11. Puh siun 11. 
Anomaly, deviation from the common rule, yf^^JM 

^ pat, hop, -11 'did. Puh hob 11 che, f|^ ngof 

-11. Ngai 11. 
Anomy ^£^ fan' fat,. Fan fdh, '[f ^ piii'fdt,. Pel 

fah, ^ ^ .wai fat,. Wei fah, ^ ^ 'miii fat,. 

Miau fall, ^^ ,kon fat,. Kan f&h. 
Anon '^ fiij fai' tik,. Kw'ai tih ; now and then,, :^ 

Bf 'yau jShi. Yii shi ; ever and anon, B$ H$ jSM' 

.shi. Shi shl, '^ ^ .sheung .shi. Chang shi, ^ 

.chau .shl. Chau shl, ^ ^ pat, chiit,. Puh 

chueli. 
Anonium, dead nettle, ^ ^ tsuk^ tiin^ Suh tw^it^ 



A NO 



Anonymity [5^:^ ^ nik, jtucng che. Nih ming ch<;, 

M^^ jino ,men<> 'ch6. Wii ming che. 
Anomymous ^^f^ij nik, jineng tik,. Nih ming tih, 
;^ pdk^. Peh, ^ P^ (^) pak, k^'. Peh tih, U^ 
ffy ^mh jmong tik,. Wii ming tih ; an anonymous 
placard, |ffi;g iji^ ^mo ^meng t'lp,. Wii ming t'ieh, 
SIMWi^ pakj ^t'au t'ip, 'tsz. Peh t'au t'ieh tsz, 
^ ^ pdk^ t'ipj. Peh t'ieh ; to stick on an anony- 
mous placard, lA ^ ijl^ t'ip, pak^ t'ip,. T'ieh peh 
t'ieh, lA 3 "^ tip, P'l'^i ,chau. T'ieh peh chdu, 
^^■^iti^ "i^ s"ficng k'it, t'ip,. Nih ming k'ieh 
t'ieh. 

Anonymously Pg-[U;g ^m ch'ut, ^meng, :f\i\^^ 
pat, ch'ut, meng tsz'. Peh ch'uh ming tsz. 

Anorexy :^:g^^ pat, 'hi shik^ 'che. Puh hi shih 
ch<5, Hoi®^ s"^ 'sdung shikj. Wii sidng shih, '^ 
'S>^ pat, ^sz shikj. Puh sz shih. 

Another ^|j pit,. Pieh, ^ ^A. T'a, || i-. 1, ^ 
ling^. Ling, ^ yau^ Yii ; another person, ^|j ^ 
pitj jan. Pieh jin, j^ \ ^t'd ,yan. T'a jin ; ano- 
ther" one, 5lj>^|^^ pit, ko' tik,.' Pieh ko tih, ^ZL 
>^P^ tai- i- ko' ko', M¥U Pit> tik, W; another 
day,^ i^yat,. Ijih, #, g ;t'd yat^. T'ajih, 
-^ ling'yat,. Lingjih, ^ ts'z' yat,. Ts'z 
jih, ^- a tai^ i^ yat^. Ti rh jih, ia g yik^ yat. 
Yih jih ; another affair, ^lj^||^$^ pit, y6ung- sz^ 
kon'. Pieh ydng sz kdn ; another (difFcrent) affair, 
^(Sj-^^ pat, jt'ung ,chl sz'. Puh t'ung chi sz ; 
to be of another mind, ^,g,yf^|^ i' sz' pat, jt'ung. 
I sz puh t'ung ; another yet ? — -^^0=^ yat, ko' 
^t'im^md. Yihkot'icn [^] mo; one with another, 
1^;^ jt'ung ^mai. T'ung mfii ; three days one after 
, another, ^ ^ jlin ,sdm yat^. Lien sdn jih ; 
> one another, ^ i^ li' ^s6ung. Uu siang, f^ ^ 
pi 'ts'z. Pi ts'z, ;;fj ^ tai" ,kd. T^ kia ; another 
look, 1^ ^ tsoi' 't'ai. Tsdi t'i ; another place, ^|j 
1^ pit, ch'u'. Pieh ch'u ; to remove (or move) to 
. another place, ^ ^ ^ij ;^ ,piin hu' pit^ ch'u'. 
Pwdn k'ii pieh ch'u, 

-Anotta ^^XM fe '^^^^ M^^^S i}'^"^^ shik,. Mei hung 
yen sih. 

Unsatcd, havnig a handle, :^ /l^ -yau pong'. Yii 
ping ; take hold of the handle, t^-ffe^^^^" ,chd 
chil' ko' jt'iu peng'. Chd cliii ko t'iiiu ping. 

Anscr ^ ^ngo. Ngo. 

Anserine i/nMJk^kW S^ <PSO sP'i 'kf)m ydung'. Jli 
ngo p'i kdii yaiig ; [)ortainiag to the ansers, JQ 
1^ ^ shukj ^ngo ngdn\ Shuh ngo yen ; uneven, 

-^ ^ pat, jP'ii^S- l''^il' P'i'^o- 

Anson's Bay, )]\ J^. ^ ^ch'iin pi^ ,wdn. Ch'uen pi 
wdn. 

Answer, to, to reply, ^ tdp,. T{ih, ^J- ^ tui' tap,. 
Tui tdh, fej ^ jUi tdp,. Ilwui tab, ^ ^ tdp, 
ying'. Tdh ying, |§ %\ ying' tui'. Ying tui, (gj 
^- j\ii wA\ ilwui Invd, ^^ tdp, wd'. Tdh hwd; 
to reply quickly, p^ vvai. Wei, ^ nok^. uoh, 
,11 ^ 'h6ung ying'. lliiing ying ; to respond, 0|| 
■^ jCh'au tdp,. Ch'au tdh, jg. jing. Ying, 
j^ing. Ying 5 to answer in the affirmative, 



(62) ANT 

ying' nokj. Ying noh : to answer the pui-pose, ^ 

j^ chduk, yung'. Choh yung, ^ ,ffl hdp^ yung*. 

Hoh yung, :^'g^ ch6uk • 'sliai. Choh shi, ^jg^ 

h6p, shik,. Hoh shih, j^ ^ shik, yung^. Shih 

yung, ^ ,ngam ; to fall in with one's views, ^ 

^ ^t'au ^ki. T'au ki, \i^^ .ngam 'kai ; to answer 

for another, -^ |g g^ tso' yan' ^t'au. Tso jin 

t'au, ^)iB^ tso' ,tdm 'p6. Tso tdn pdu, ^ ^ 

^ tso- 'p6 ,kd. Tso pdu kid, ^ ^ K t»ii' pb 

jyan. Tso pdu jin ; to answer a bill of exchange 

(to honor a draft), ^^ |g ^tdm yan^ Tdn jin ; to 

succeed, ^^ s^hing tsau'. Ching tsiu; to answer 

one's expectations, j^ g| sui' mong^. Sui wing ; 

to answer a letter, ^ ^^ tdp, sun'. Tab sin, [Ij 

^ jiii ^shii. Ilwui shii ; to answer a fault, ^ Q 

'piu pdk^. Pidu peh. [ • ±gJ:^^TA] 

Answer, an, a reply, (gj fj jUi wd'. Jlwui hwd, fl) 

jUi jam •, to give an answer in writing, ^ [eJ 

'sd jiii jam. Sid hwui yin, ^ f^ tdp, sun'. 

Tdh sin, IcJ'fg jUi sun'. Hwui sin, [eJ+L ^ui chat,. 

Hwui chdh, [eJ^ jUi ^shii. Hwui sbii, ^^ fuk, 

^shii. Pub sbii ; to request an answer (used in 

very polite language), ^ [EJ :^ ts'ing ,ui sbf'. 

Ts'ing hwui shi ; to expect an answer, j^ ^ ifi 






hau^ jUi shi' 



jam. 



a — r 

Hau hwui yin ; to Avait for an answer. 



Hau hwui shi, ^ [eJ "a" hau^ ui 




'^[eJ^ tang hau^ ^ui jam. Tang hau hwiu yin; 
to wait for a verbal answer, ^ 'jjl [EJ fjf t'eng' 
hau' jiii wd". T'ing hau hwui hwd; an answer from 
the emperor, ^ ^ tsau' 'ts'ing. Tsau ts'ing ; to 
receive H.M. pleasure, ^"g* fung^ 'chi. Fung chi. 
Answerable, to be accountable for, ^ 5Q P|t fuk, 
man- k6\ ''^^(l<J sliau' chkk, tik,. Shau tseh tih, 
^ B9 |^>J shau- man' tik,. Shau wan tih, ^ Pt0 ^ 
fukj man- tik,. Pub wan tih ; he is accountable 
for everything, i^^j^jUL^pJ] kok, sz' ^wai V& 
shi' man*. Koh sz wei t'd shi wan ; be must bear 
the consequences, 4?^^^ ^cbiin chdk, ,ii ^t'd. 
Chuen tseh yii t'li, ^J ff. |^,;. fg ,kwan hai' kwai 
'k'u, ^ii^M <-'l'ak, vam- tsoi' .t'd. Tseh jin 
tsdi t'a. % ^'p5 ,kd. Pdu kid, ^ ^ 'p6 'ling. 
Pi'iu ling; suitable, ^)^ hop^ yung'. Hob yung; 
coiTCsponding, '^^ i»6pj shik,. Hob shih; suited, 
^ cb6uk,. Choh, ^ jfl cheuk, yung'. Choh 

Answerableness ^A^Plj^ shau' ^van ^ch( man' 
'cb(5. Shau jin chi wan che. It ^^^ ^ E tt 
jtong 'p6 ^kd chi chung' yam'. Tdng pdu kid chi 
Chung jin, t^^Zmi^i .tong p6 ^kd .chi 
^kwdn hai'. Tdng pdu kid chi kwdn hi ; corres- 
pondent, ^ ^ liop, shik,. Hoh sliih, ^ ^ 
chduk, yung'. Choh yung, \jl^ ,ngdm. 

Answerer ^^ tip, 'cbd. Tdh che, [eJ^^ ji'ii wd" 
'cht*. Hwui hwd che ; one who gives an answer in 
writing, 5^ [eJ ^ ^ 'se jUi jam 'che. Sic hwui 
yin ch(5. 

Ant iH ^ngai. I ; the white ant, ^ ^ pik, 'ngai. 
Peh i ; the black ant, ^ ^ hdk, ^ngai. Heh i ; 
the large red spotted ant, || Jung. Lung, Jj^ ^ 



ANT 



(63) 



ANT 



^ch'ang [,ting] oi. Ting i; winged ants, ^^ /I 



Fi i, S^ yikj "ngai. Yih i, ^ wai'. Wei; 
a large species of ants, ^ i^ ^p'i /an, $]|^ ^ ^p'i 
jfu. P'i fu ; the small red ant, ^ ^ ^ ^wong ^sz 
'ngai. Hwang sz f ; as numerous as ants (said of 
banditti), ^ ^ ^ngai tsu'. I tsii ; an ant-hill, ^ 
§1 *ngai jt'au. 1 t'au, ^ j^ ^ngai ^yau. I k'iu ; 
ant's eggs, ^ jCh'i. Ch'i, ^ ^ 'ngai ^ch'un. t 
ch'vm, ^^P 'ngai "^lun. I Iwdn; the ant queen, ^ 
^ /^ tai- -ngai ^kung. Ta I kung. 

Anteater, scaly, Manisor Pangolin, ^^j^ ^ch'iin 
^shan kap^. Ch'uen shan kiah. 

Antagonist ^ tik,. Tih, ^ ^ ^ch'au tik,. Ch'au 
tUi, ^^ tui' tik>. Tui tih, ^^ tik, 'sliau. Tih 
shau, ^ H tui' ,t'au. Tui t'au, f/L^ ^ch'au ^ka. 
Ch'au kia, ^ ^\lm ^ka. Yuen kid. 

Antagonistic, contending against men, jl^X^lt ^^K 
jan ke', ^ A&\f ^^i J^^ ^ik,- Tih jin tUi ; an- 
tagonistic (applied to the nature of things), ^^ 
tik, hr. Tih k'i ; mutually antagonistic, i^ ^ 
^seimg tikj. Siang tih. 

Antalgic, see Anodyne. 

Antaplu-odisiac ^ f§* ^ ;^ ^ S c^"™^ c^^^^a -^^^^ 
y^uk,. I kan ting chi yoh. 

Antaphrodisiac, or medicine that lessens the venerial 
appetite, MM^^ '^^j T^K <!^^^^ yeuk,. Yah yuh 
chi yoh, ^ "^ ;^ ^ kai' shik^ ^chi yeuk,. Kiai 
sih chi voh. 

Antarctic ^ ^ ^nam kik,. Nan kih. 

Ante, before in place, '^ ^ts'in. Ts'ien; in front, pf 
g^ min' jts'in. Mien ts'ien ; opposite, ^ tiii' 
min\ Tui mien ; before in time, ;^ ^sin. Sien, 
■||f jts'in. Ts'ien. 

Antecede, to precede, -^ ^ ^sin Jiang. Sien hang, 
"to ^ jts'in Jiang. Ts'ien hang, ^ j^ ^siii kwo'. 
Sien kwo, "gy ^ Js'in kwo'. Ts'ien kwo. 

Antecedence, the act of going before in time, -^ ^ 
^ jSin jhang 'che. Sien hang che, -^^^^ ,sin 
■yau ^chi sz'. Sien yd chi sz, ||f ^ ^ts'in sz'. 
Ts'ien sz, ^ ^ ^sin sz'. Sien sz. 

Antecedent, prior, ;5fe ^ ^ t^in 'yau 'che. Sien yu 
che ; J^j^ suk^ .iin. Suh yuen, gy'Q Js'in jan. 
Ts'ien yin ; liis antecedents, -ft^ /^ ^ (1| ,t'a ^chi 
ts'in jan. T'a chi ts'ien yin, fg ^'h# P^ ^ 
^k'ii ,sin ,shi ke' szS M Z ^ W ^ .^'^ c^hi 
suk, shai' jan. T'a chi suh shi yin ; riches and 
honor liave their antecedents, ^ ;^ ^ "lo ^ 
fu' kwai' -yau ^ts'in ,yan. Eii kwei yii ts'ien 
yin. 

Antecessor, a leader, ^ ^\ ^sin -yan. Sien yin; a 
principal, 'fg "^ ^ch'eung 'shau. Ch'ang shau, yf^ 
^ jiin ^fui. Yuen kwei ; a predecessor in office, 
WiiiM j*^'^^^ y^^" ^^^^- Ts'ien jin che ; the an- 
tecessor of a property, ^ J^ "gf i ip, ^chl ^ts'in 
'chii. Nieh chi ts'ien chii. 

Antechamber g| ^ ^t'au /ong ; ditto the waiting 
chamber in Chinese offices, where the visitor pre- 
sents his card, ^^ ho' ^fong. Hdu fang ; a front 
chamber, ^ ^ Js'in J'eng. Ts'ien t'ing, ^ |^ 



jSin jt'eng. Sien t'ing ; a side chamber, as in Chi- 
nese establishments, '^ |g jP'o'iS c^'eng. P'ang 
t'ing, li^ J)'in ,t'eng. P'ie'n t'ing, ^^ j'ong 
shat,, P'ang shih, ^^J^ ^wdng ,t'eng ; antecham- 
bers in Ch. establishments, ^ ^ ^s6ung /ong. 
Sidng fdng, ^|g neung Jong. Liang Idng, ^|| 
^seung Jong. Siang Idng. 

Antechapel '^ P^ ^ J .miin ^fong. I mun fang. 

Antedate, a date prior to another, H B -^ ^ts'in yat^ 
'tsz. Ts'ien jili tsz. 

Antedate, to, to date before the true time, '^^'^ 
;^ g -^ 'se mi- k'ap, chi yat, 'tsz. Si^'wi kih 
chi jib tsz ; to anticipate, -^ ^ ^sin 'ts'ii. Sien 
ts'li. 

Antedeluvian )^ jfC^;^ J^^^ig 'shui ^chl ^sin. Hung 
sliwui chi sien ; antedeluvian age, ^^i^^it^ 
Jiung ^shui ^clii ^sin sliai'. Hung shwui chi sien 
slii» "lu 1^ ifC ;i itf: ^ts'in Jiung 'shui ^chi sliai*. 
Ts'ien hung shwui chi shi. 

Antelope, pigmy deer, ^ ^cheung. Chang, ^ 'kw'an. 
Kiun ; antelope gutttm*osa, ^ ^ .wong ^yeung. 
Hwang yang ; general names for antelope, ^ 
^ sling jeung. Ling yang, |g ^ ,ling ,yeung. 
Ling yang ; horns of ditto, ^ ^ ^mi jung. Mi 
yung, ^^"^ Jing j^ung kok,. Ling"ydng koh. 

Ante Meridian (A. M.) jt. ^ sh^ung' "'n^. Shang 
wti, Jt. ^ sheung- chau'. ShSng cliau, Jl ^ H 
sheung^ pun' yat,. Shang pwdn jih, 

Antemetic it o^ ^ 'chi 'au yeuk,. Chi ngau yoh, 
Jl: p± f !j 'chi t'6' ^tsai. Chi t'u tsi. 

Antemundane %1^:^% ,t'in tf ^chi ^sin. T'ien ti 
chi sien. 

Antennae, feelers of insects, ^ so. Sii. 

Antepast, something taken before the proper time, 
^ ;$t ;^ ^ ir jSin ^clii shik,. Yii sien chi shih ; 
foretaste, ^ ^ :^ ^ ii' ^sheung shik, mat,. Yu 
chang shih wuh. 

Antepenult, the last syllable of a word except two, 
WM^ZM^ sin 'mi jam ^chi tai" ^sdm. Yen 
wl yin chi ti san. 

Anteponc ^M.^W S*^ ^i^i' ^^^^' jts'in. Ngan clii 
tsai ts'ien, M -^ "HU H chi' tsoi' Js'in J'au. Chi 
tsai ts'ien t'au ; to place one tiling before another, 
M.tAMM chi' cii kang' Js'in. Chi yu kang 
ts'ien. 

Anterior, before in time, J§ ;5fc n" c^in- ^^ sien, -^ 
^ ^sin -yau. Sien yii ; anterior to, ^ ^ ^sin .ix. 
Sien yu, ^^^ 'tso ^sin kM^o'. Tsau sien kwo; 
anterior view, jj gf ching' min'. Ching mien. 

Anterior Tibet, "If ^ ,Ts'In tsong'. Ts'ien tsang. 

Anteriority ^ ^ ^sin 'yau. Sien yu, ^ ^ ir ^sin. 
Yu sien ; anteriority, jE ching' min'. Ching 
mien. 

Anteroom, the waiting room in an official residence, 
^^ W png. Hdu fang. 

Antes, pilasters, square projections attached to a wall, 
[eJ ^ Jgjj ^lii tsz' Jong. Hwui tsz Idng ; a column 
of pillars, — ' tr tt J^% s^^ong 'ch'il. Yih hang 
ch'u ; the first line of vines, '^ ^ HI ^ ^ ff ^^ 



ANT 



(64) 



ANT 



p'6 jt'6 jiin jChi jts'in jhong shii^ P'li t'du yuen 
chi ts'ien h^ng shu. 

Antestomach * ^ ^ jts'in wai^ Ts'ien wei. 

Anthelmintic ^ ^ ^ ^k'ii ^ch'xmg y^iik^. K'u 
ch'ung yoli, ^ ^ ^ shkt, .ch'ung y^vik,. Shdh 
ch'ung yoh. 

Anthem, a sae'red tune, |^^ shing' ^shi. Shing shi, 
^M^'^ZU cCh'ing tsdn' Sli^ung^ tai' <chi 
^shi. Ch'ing tsdn Shdng ti chi shi ; a hymn sung 
in alternate parts, M^^^J^W^^ shing' 
^shi lui^ chuk^ ^p^n ^ko 'ch6. Shing shi lui chuh 
pan ko ch6. 

Anthemis, the Roman Camomile, |p. i^ ^ ^ ;^ 
Lomd kuk, /d jmeng. Lomd kiuh Inva ming. 

Anthology, a collection of flowers, ^i^i^^ 'kan 
jradi /^ 'to. Kien m^i hwd to; a collection of 
beautiful passages from authors, ^ ^ 11^] ^ 
jmeng ^shii chdk, kam. Ming shu tseh kin ; in 
the Greek church, a collection of devotions, jj^ 
13 :ff ^$ 't6 jts'z chdk, kam. Tau ts'z tseh kin. 

Anthora ,% S^ ,u ^t'au. Wd t'au. 

Anthracite, a hard mineral coal, ^ j|^ shek^ t'kn'. 
Shih t'^n. 

Anthrax, carbuncle [sore], ^ ^ J^i^g ,^^- Yung 
tsu ; a precious stone, ^ ^ ^ y6' jUiing ,chu. 
Y6 ming chu. 

Anthropological, according to human manner of 
speaking, ■ftl^ A fft: 'fong jan shut,. Fdng jin 
shwoh ; pertaining to anthropology, ^ fm :§' lE 
^kwan lun- ^shan t6\ Kwdn lun shin tau, |^ ^ 
^ ^ ^ lun' ,shan ,chi 'li 'che. Lun shin chi li 
ch^, f^ ^9^ lun' ,shan U\ 

Anthropology, a discourse upon human nature, ^ 
^ <^ 1^ ,shan 't'ai sing' lun'. shin t'i sing lun ; 
the doctrine of the structure of the human body, 
:i' WflSife .shan pdk, 't'ai lun'. Shin peh t'i lun ; 
the natural history of the human species, ^ A^ 
1^ miin' jan lui' lun'. "W&n jin lui lun. 

Anthropomancy, divination by inspecting the en- 
trails of a human being, ^ J|^ ,hon ^ch'dung. 
K'dn ch'dng, ^ j^ 't'ai ^ch'^ung. T'I ch'dng. 

Anthropopathy, the affections of man, A M J^^ 
jts'ing. Jin ts'ing ; the application of human pas- 
sions to the Supreme Being, K "ffi"^ A |^^ ^ 
Shdung' tai' 'yau jan jts'ing ^chi i'. Shdng ti yu 

jin ts'ing chi i, lii A'tf|!fii5ftl±'t 'i jan >'»«? 
jkwai 'i'l ShCiung' tai'. J jin ts'ing kwoi yu Shing ti. 

Ajithropophaari ^ A ^' ^^^^^t siX^^ ^^^- ^1"'' J*" 
ch6. 

Anthropophagous ^ A I^ ^" ^^^K 5^*" y^^>^ ^^^^^' 
Shih jin juh cho, ^ A f^ shik, ,yan V6\ 

Anti, against, ^ tik,. Tih, ^ 'fdn. Tan, ^ piii'. 
Pei, jlH jWai. Wei ; in place of, f^ toi'. Tdi, ^ 
t'ai'. T'i. 

Antibilious, curing or counteracting bilious com- 
plaints, ^m&z^ s 't^n^ t'»""??' .^'^'^ t"'*^'- 

f tdn ching chi tsi. 



Antic, oldfashione<l, -^ ^ 'ku '16, -^ J|^ ku ,fung. 
Ku fung, l^-^^ ku kd tik,. Kii ku tUi, -^^ 
^ 'kd nb yeung^ Kii Idu ying; odd, ^ J^ 'ku 
kwii'. Ku kw4i, ^ ^ ,U ,k'i. Li k'i ; so odd or 
strange! ptj-^ "f^ k6m' 'ku kw4i'. K4n ku kwii, 
ntf Mt"^ kom' ,U ,k'i. Kin li k'i, irtf -^ ^ k6m' 
'ku '16. Kin ku liu ; fantastic, -j^ |f- ^ kwii' i' 
tik,. Kwdi i tih, ^-^^^ 'ching 'kti tso' kwAV. 
Ching ku tso kwii. 

Antic, an, a buffoon, |j| ^ 'kwai 'md. Kwci md, 
3fe '1^ 'kwai kwdi'. Kwei kwdi, -^ ^V^\ 'kti 
kwdi' ke' jan, -^^^ 'ku kwdi' 'cU. Ku kwdi 
ch^. 

Antic, to make antic, ^'^^^ 'sz 'kii kwdi' tik,. 
Shi kii kwai tih. 

Antichamber, see Antechamber. 

Antichrist "^^^^ tik, ,Ki tuk, 'ch6. Tih Ki tub 
ch6. 

Antichristian, an, ^^S'^^ (ts'ung tik^ ^KI tuk, 
'cU. Ts'ung tih Ki tub ch^, f^^^ZA^^ 
^Kl tuk, ^chi jan. Tih Ki tub chi jin. 

Antichristian ^ ^ '^ P^ tik, ,Ki tuk, k6'. Tih Ki 
tub tih, WC^^Zi^K ^^ ^^K cChi sz'. Tih 
Ki tuli chi sz. 

Antichristianity ^^"^ZM. s^^^i c^^ ^^K <^'^^ *^^- 
Wei Ki tub chi tdu, ^ S # ^ il P'''i' c^i tuk, 
.chit6'. Pei Ki tub chi tau, ^^"^Z^ ^ik, ,Ki 
tuk, ,chi sz\ Tih Ki tub chi sz. 

Anticipate, to, to take before another, ^^ ,sin 
'ts'u. Sien ts'ii ; to act before another, ;5t ^ M^ 
tso'. Sien tso, ;5t ^ .sin ^wai. Sien wei ; to have 
a previous impression of something future, B|^5t 
6m' kok . Ngdn kioh ; to have a presentiment, 
!K :^ ^ IS ii' sin jmung kok,. Yii sien mung 
kioh, 51:^^ It ii' ^sin 6m' kok,. Yu sien ngdn 
kioh ; to conceive previously, ^^^^ "' ^sin 
liu^ tok^. Yu sien lidu tob ; what I anticipated, 
>rHlJ^1^ pat, ch'ut, 'sho liu'. Pub eh'uh so lidu; 
who would have anticipated that? g^ 3|^ ^shui 
liu^ Shui lidu ; I did not anticipate that. 3|^ ^ 
^Ij lid' ^m t6', # [»g fS shai' .m 'kd. Shi wu 
[pub] ku, 3(^:^i^ liii' pat, k'ap,. Lifcu pub kih, 
MM^M i' seung pat, t6'. f sidng puh tdu; to 
make previous arrangements, J| jj^ u' pi'. Yii 
pi, j^ gjf ii' jfong- Yd fdng ; to anticipate with 
certainty, ^^ jk'i mong*. K'i wdng; why should 
we anticipate our son-OMs? jaf -^^ ^ jbo ,sin 
^yau mun'. Uo sien yd mwdn. 

Anticipated, taken before, ^M^M M"^ ^s'a kwo'. 
Sien ts'ii kwo; foreseen, ^ j^ ii' kin'. Yd kien, 

m^M <■»' kok, kwo'. Yd kioh kMo. ^^nM 

u' ,sin lid' kwo*. Yd sien lidu kwo ; concoiveil by 

presentiment, ^^Vb 9t ^* r*^" ^"^' ^^^ • ^" 
sien ngdn kioh. 
Anticipation, the taking l)efoi-ol)and, ^flU sin 'ts'ii. 
Sien ts'u ; slight previous impression, 5l:5ti^tt 
a* sin ,mung kok,. Yd sien mung kioli, Vt H 
6m' kok,. Ngdn kioh, "^^^ItZ^ ^^' .^<" ^'^' 
kok, ,chi &z\ Yd sien ngin kioh chi sz ; foresight, 



ANT 



^^ ir kin'. Yu kien, ^^ ir tok,. Yxi toh ; by 

anticipation, ^^ ii' ,sin. Yu sien. 
Anticly, in an antic manner, "^:^'j^'kn'lo yenng". 

Ku Ian yang ; Avith I'ancil'ul appearance, "^'l^;^ 

^ 'kn kwai' ^clii yenng'. Kii kw6,i clii y^ng ; 

oddly, 'l^ ^ ;^ # kwdi' 1- ^chl y^unsf . Kwdi i 

chi y^ng. 
Anticontagious, destroying contagion, jj^ ^ ^ ^»J 

niit, "im peng' tik^ Mieh yen ping till, ^ ^ i^ 

^^ ^cli'ii -im tsat^ tik,. Cli'n yen tsih till, ^-f^^ 

^ ^ jCli'ii jCli'un 'ini chi lii\ Cli'u cli'ucn yen 

chi k'i. 
Antics -^ .|^ ^ ^ 'ku kwAi^ ,chi s/r. Ku kw^ii chi 

sz> %kM^^ '^^^'^^ '^^^ S^^^ ^^'' M W ^"' luug"- 
Hi lung, ^^ In" 'shd. Hi sha, p ^ jj'di yau. 

P'di yu, ^ -J -filJr '1^ P|t ^ '('1»nS 'l^u ts5^ kwai' 
ke' sz". 

Antidotal :^ ^ ^<| ,kung tuk, tik,. Kung tuh tih, 
1^^^^ ,k'u tuk, tik. ' K'ii tuh till, |^.^ilKj 'kai 
tuk, tiky Kiiii tuh tih, ^l^^^i^ shuk, init, 
tuk, ,chi 'li. Shuh mieh tuh chi li. 

Antidote, an, jfr- ^ ^ ^ kai tuk, ^chi yeufc,. Kiki 
tuli chi yoh, "j^^-^^J san' tuk, chi tsai. San 
tuh chi tsi, ;^ ^ -^ ^ ,kung tuk, chi yeuk,. 
Kung tuh chi yoh ; antidote of sorrow, f^ ^ >^ 
^siu ^yau /ong. Siau yu fang, ^-f. ^ '^ 'kdi jau 
^fong. Kiai yii fang. 

Antifanatic, an opposer of fanaticism, ^ '^ ^ :^ 
tik, nl" kdii' 'che. Tih ni ki^u ch6 ; a tolerant 
person, ^J^^\y^ /6n tai^ toi' ^yan 'ch^. Kwan 
td tai jin die. 

Antifebrile ^^^^^ S ^^> ^lii"o' tik,. I jeh cliing 
tih, '/p j/C^ ^^^^' 'f° ching'. Chi ho ching ; antife- 
brile medicine, ^ ^ 0. ^^ ^ ^ itj ching' tik, 
yeukj. I jeh cliing tih yoh, j^^^l^^^ chi' 'fo 
ching' k^'yeuk,. 

Antilithic, a remedy against stone in the bladder, ^ 
^Wf^^ i slid, ,1am ^chi y^uk,. t shd lin chi 
yoh. 

Antilithic, tending to prevent the formation of stone 
in the bladder, jt)§m)^^ZM '^^ ,p'ong 
^kwong jshing shek, ,chl yeuk,. Chi p'^ng kwdng 
ching shih chi yoh. 

Antilogy ^ #" ^ ^ pui' ,ts'in i' 'chc. Pei ts'ien i 
eh^, ^ U ^' '3=j ^f^n ,ts''in chi .ts';;. Fdn ts'ien 
chi ts'z. 

Antimacassar R^ fP i^ ^ k^k, hon: 'i po'. Keh 
hdn i pu. 

Antimason, one opposed to masonry, ||^5^^|i^:^ 
tik, ,kw'ai 'kii ui' 'che. Tih kw'ci kii liwui chc. 

Antimasonic, opposing freemasonry, ^'^j^.%'^^ 
tik, jkw'ai 'kii lii^ tik,. Tih kw'ei kii hwui tih, "^ 
M^^^U Piii' ,kw'ai 'kii ui^ k6'. 

Antimeter 2; ^ if^ ;^J <^ ^ J^ung tok, .ling kok, 
,chl hi', iiidng toh ling koh chi k'i. 

Antiministcrial, opposed to the ministry, ^@;^^ 
k'ong' kwok^ tdi' ,shan. K'dng kwoh t& chin, ^ 
'^ k'ong' ,kun. K'dng kwdn ; opposed to the 
government, ^ |f ^ k'ong' hat, tik,. K'ang 



(65) ANT 

hiah tih, f^ ft |f tik, 'kun hat,. Tih kw^n hidh. 



Nib 



men 



II ^ yik, ^k'iin hat, 'clu^ 
hiah che, 

Antimonarchical, opposed to monarchy, "^^^^Q 
j^ |^<J pui' tuk, 'chii kwok, ching' tik,. Pei tidt 
chu kwoh ching tih ; that opposes a kingly go- 
vernment, ^ 3E '/a IS ^ ^ k'ong' jwong chi" 
kwok^ chi "11. K'ang wdng chi kwoh chi li. 

Antimonarchist, an enemy to monarchy, ^^^^ 
^ ® ^"' t^k> ("^^ong tuk, '^cliii _^chl kwok, 'eh6. Tih 
wilng tuh cliii chi kwoh che. 

Antimony ^^^^ an' ti' ,mo jii (^;g). 

Amtimoralist, an opposer of morality, "^ "^ '^ 
;^ \ piii' ^sau tak, ^chi ^yan. Pei siii teh cM 
jin, ^ tr ^ ^ yik> J^^^S shin' 'che. Nib hang- 
she n die. 

Antir omian tit ^ •^ A l"ii' ^^^^ c^lii iJ^^- ^^^ ^^* 
chi jin, ^^^ yik, fdt^ ,ch6.' Nib fdb ch6. 

Antinomy, a contradiction between two laws, pj^^ 
'is R 'l^^^ii^o ^^tj ^seung 'fiin. Liang fl,li siang 
fdn, Zl ^i>0 ^ i' f^t jSeung pui'. Rh fdh sidng^ 
pei. 

Anti-papal, opposing popery, ^^^iflct^f k'ong" 
^t'ln 'chii kdu' tik . K'dng t'ien cliii kidu tih, 
# ^ ± it "IE P'li' c^'in chii kau' k6'. 

Anti-papistic, opposed to papacy, ^ 5c i ^ ^^ 
k'ong' ,t'in 'chii kau' tik,. K'ing t'ien chu kiSu 

tih, #^±ft''^ P^i' y^ '^^1^ k^^' ^^'■ 
Antipathetic, ") constitutional aversion to a thing'. 

Antipathetical, j J\j>J^^^ c^^f^"^ ^^' tik^. Sin yen 
tih, j^ ^, g(f im' u' tik,. Yen wii tih ; very 

averse to, ^if j^ P|E '^^^ S^ ^^'• 
Antipathy, aversion, ^ ^ im* ti'. Yen wu, 






,im li'. 



Hien wii, 



Im'hi'. Yen k'i, 



<im hi'. Hien k'i ; to get an aversion to, ^ ^ 
shang ,im. Sang hien ; to avoid people's dis- 
pi^ jim. PI hien ; petty dislikes, yj\ 
Sidu hien ; repugnance, 'j^ ^ ban* 



like, mm 

u'. Han wii. 



Antiphlogistic, counteracting preternatui-al heat, ^ 
^ ^ 'kdi It tik^. Kiai jeh tih ; antiphlogistic 
medicine, ^f|fe^^ kdi It, tik^ yeuk,. Kiai jeh 
tih yoli ; antiphlogistic treatment, ^^ ^ ^ 
san' It, ^chl fat,. S6,n jeh chi fdh. 

Antiphonal, pertaining to alternate singing, ^ ^ 
t^^- cliuk, jidn ch'eung"ch6. Chuh pan ch'dng 
che, ^^t^ <lun ,pdn ch'eung'. Lun pdn ch'ang. 

Antiphonal, a book of antiphones or anthems, ^3^ 
W^^^W s^"^ cP^^ <^^ ch'eung' ^chi ^sliii. Lun 
pdn ko ch'ting chi shu, f^iJSf^^fl^S }nrt 
,pan ch'dung' shing' ,shl chi ,shii. Lun pan ch'ang 
shing shi cbl shu. 

Antiphrasis, the use of words in a sense opposite to 
their proper meaning, ^ jEi^; ^ |rI 'fan ching* 
i' ,chl ,ts'/,. Fan ching i chi ts'z, $%^,i^R ^ts'z 
I' jSikuig 'fan. Ts'z 1 sidng fan. • 

Antipodal, pertaining to the antipodes, ^ jjtpj!J§;tS 
^ M kwdn k^mk, 'tai ^seung tiii' 'ch^. Kw6hl 
kioh ti siang tiii ch^. 



ANT 



(66) 



ANX 



Antipode, pi. antipodes, M J& Ml §] ^ kouk, 'tai I mai mdi jin chi sz, ;^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ k'ong' 'k'u 
^eung tui' 'chd. Kioh ti siting tiii ch<;, ^ ]j^ ^J- ! j"^ P"k, ,ehi lai'. K'iug k'u nu puh chi li. 



AatLspasmodic, resisting convulBions, ih ^ ^' ^ 

'clu ^ch'au jkan tik,. Chi ch'au kin tih ; j£; j^j ^ 

;^ ^ 'chi ch'au ,kan ^chi yduk.. Chi ch'au kin 

chi yoh. 

Antipoison 5^ ^ ^ ^kung tuk^ y^uk^. Kung tuh 1 Antitheism ^^-^^Jl*^;^^ pat, sun'^au Sh^ung* 



they arc antipodes, i^fHHfQ^ ,ping fan' ,s6ung 
jt'au. Ping t'iin siang t'au ; at antipodes, ^ ^ 
Kw'ei wei. 



"kw'ai jWai 



yoh. 



tai' chi kSu'. Puh sin yu Shang ti chi ki^u. 



Antipope, one who usurps the papal power, ^ ^ ; Antithesis ^ ^ tui' kii'. Tui kii, ^ 'itj Jiin ku*. 
' ^' .......... Lien kii. 

Antithetical ^ ^ tui' ^lim. Tui lien ; abounding 
with antithesis, ^^^^ ,pdu ^to tui' ku'. Piu 
to tiii kii. 

Antitrinitarian, an, ;f^fg±'^^H^— ^:^ pat, 
sun' Shdung' tai'hai^sdmwai^yat/yau'che. Puh 
sin Shang ti hi sdn wei yih yu ch6, ^ _L '$* jjl 
^iiL — '-^^ s^^i Shdung^ tai' liai^ ,sdm wai' yat, 
'yau 'clie. Wei ShSng ti hi sdn wei yih yu che. 

Antivenerial, resisting venerial poison, it f@^ f^ -^ 
^ 'chi ^kbm ^teng ^chi tukj. Chi kan ting chi tuli, 
l^^i5E S ckom ,teng k6'. 

Antler, a bi-anch of a horn of the cemne animals, 
:^ ^ y 31 kok, <chl ,d ,ch'&. Koh chi yd ch'a ; 
antlers, ]^^ lukj ko]^. Luh koh. 

Antonomasia ^ j^ ;g ^ 'ka ts6' ^meng tsz'. Ki/» 
tsie ming tsz, as : — he is a Wd t'o, i^^^\^ 
^t'a shf jWa jt'o, i. e. a celebrated physician ; the 
use of the name an office for the true name of 
the pei-son, i^'^^^j^^^, ts6' ,kun Jiim toi' 
jChan jmeng. Tsi6 kwan hun tai chin ming. 

Autre, a cavern, '^ tung*. Tung, |i^ ,t'ung. T'ung. 

Anus ^P^ ,kong jmiin. Kidng mun, ^^ kuk, to'. 
Kuh tau, I^P^ P fan' jUiun 'hau. Fan mun k'au, 
:kl^Wi tii^ ,ch'6ung ,t'au. Ta ch'dng t'au, ||flR 
fan' higdn. Pan yen, ^ f^ fan' jmiin. Fan mun, 
J^ tuk,. Tuh; ditto of a horse, |»i in'. Yen, Q 
^P^ pakj fan' jmun. Peh fan mun. 

Anvil ^ 5fi fit, ,cham. T'ieh chin, ^ ^ ^chara 
jf au, /jfj^-^- ,cham 'tsz. Chin tsz. 

Anxiety, soUcitude, ^^ j^ kwd' lii^ Kw4 lii, ^ /(^ 
kwa' jSam. Kwd sin, ^.^ kwd' i'. Kwd i> S dt 
,yau lii^ Yu lii ; disquietude, ^ ]^ nim^lir. 
Nien lii ; uneasiness, ^,2!> J^^ i^^' ^" ^^' S55^ 
jau 5I6. Yu liu, ^. ,g. tsiii ,sz. Tsidu sz, ^jj 
jtsiii ,yau. Tsiiu yd, i,^^ ^tsiii t«'6'. Tsidu ts'du ; 
great anxiety, t(^ j^ ^sam ,tsiu. Sin tsian, ^ ^ 
kw6,' jAvdi. Kwd hwdi, :^ ^ yik, wat,. Yih yuh, 

tSM <ti^"^ .y^^"- 'i^'"^ >■"' P^it^'Ci'T iin fon?' 

tak, ^sam hd', ^ # ifip ||g # jau tak, 'hit ,kwdn 
haiS ^ # ^ 88 <ynu tak, ^kfiu ,kwdn. Yd teh 
kiiu kwin ; constant anxiety, ^ \]^ f^ ^ ^ 
jShtiung jShi ^sam kwd,' kwd' ; to manilVvst groat 
anxiety about a pei-son, ^|» A -^ ^ )^ kwd' jvtn 
^chi ^on jngai. Kwd jin chi ngdn wei. 
Anxious, solicitous, ^ ^ j^au lii'. Yu lii, ^ t^ 
kwd' ,sam. Kwti sin, ^^ kwfi' V. Kw4 i, i^,^ 
^iii ,8z. Tsidu sz, ^ (^ >rat, yb. Yuh f du. ^ 
'Ck* >f^ T^ ^0"g' (Sani |)at, hd*. Fdng sin puh hid, 
^'^^% fong' sampat, tak,. Ffingsin puh teh, 



i ^ I ngai' ,f in 'chii kdu' jwong. Wei f ien 
chu kidu wdng. 

Antiquarian, an, one who studies into the history of 
ancient things, jff "j^ ;^ A ^1^' kii ^chi jan. 
H.hu kii chi jin, III "^ ^ A P^k, 'kii ^chi jan. 
Poh kii chi jin ; a lover of antiquity, l^'j^jj^ ^ 
shdung' 'kit tsik, 'ch6. Shdng ku tsili oh6 ; an 
antiquarian shop, "^ ^ ^| 'kii lin' p'6'. Kii wdn 
P'^, "i" ^ M 'ku 'tung p'5'. Kii tung p'd ; ditto 
one where old and rare books can be got, -^ H; 
^^ 'ku 'tung ^shii p'cV. Kii tung shu p'u. 

Antiquate, to, to make old, ^5ill fai"ch'i. Fei ch'i. 

Antiquated ifr:^)^^ 'kii '16 tik,. Kii Idu tih ; obso- 
lete, ^ ^ n^ fai' 'ch'i kc'. 

Antique, old, "^ ^ 'kii 'lb. Kii Idu, "^ ^ j^ 'kii 
% tik,. Ku lixu tih, -^nif^ 'kii ,shi ke'. Kii siu 
k(5, -^ B^ffy 'kii ,shi tik,. Kii shi tih ; old-fash- 
ioned, -^ M^iiE 'kii /ung k6', -^ M,^ 'kii hing 
tik,. Kii fung tih; odd, -^% 'ku kwai'. Kii kAvdi, 
»^ ^ kwdi' i\ Kwdi 1; rare (as curios), -^ 3^ 
'ku lin-. Kii wdn, -^ ^ 'ku 'tung. Ku tung; 
sec Antic. 

Antiquity -^ B$ 'ku ^shi. Kii shi, :fit:-^ ^wong 'kii. 
Wdng ku ; high antiquity, _t ^ sheung^ 'ku. 
Shing kii, J: f^ shdung^ shai'. Shing shi ; the 
time of Wan wdng, about 1100 B. C, Pjl "^ ^chung 
'ku. Chung kii ; the time of Confucius, "J^"^ hd' 
'kd. Hid'kii; remains of antiquity, -j^ |g 'ku 
'tung. Kd tung, -^ g^ 'kii tsik,. Ku tsih. 

Antirevolutionary, opposed to a revolution, ^ff^'^ 
^ k'ong' tsok, liin' tik,. K'dng tsoh Iwdn tih ; 
opjjosed to a change in the form of a government, 
^^■^■i^I^^J "i' 'kii ching' tik,. Ni ku ching tih. 

Antirevolutionist ^ ff |L ^ piii' tsok, liin^ 'ch6. 
Pei tsoh Iwdn che, M'^i^ii ^^' 'ku ching' 'ch6. 
Ni ku cliing ch.6. 

Antiscorbutic, ) '/jo? 3a ^^ chi* ^tsii tik,. Chi tsii 

Antiscorbutical, j tih ; counteracting scurvy, ^^ 
^ [^ 'chi ,tsii tik,. Chi tsu till. 

Anti.scriptural, not accordant with the S. S., yfi ^ 
^ 1^ pat, h6pj shing' ^shii. Puh hob shing shu, 
^ R^^^ ,^^^S 'f^ii shing' ,king. Siing fin 
shing king. 

Antiseptic, counteracting a putrcscent tendency, \\- 
^Mtj^l 'clii fd' l^n' tik,. Chi fu Idn tih. 

Antiseptic, a medicine which resists putrefaction, 
it i^ WjM Z m '^'l^i tsok, tung* Idn' ,chi y<5uk.. 
•Chi tsoh tung Idii chi yoh. 

Antislavory, opposition to shivery, ^tB^MA>^ 
^ k'ong' *k'ii ^mdi mii* ,yan ^chi sz*. K'dng k'li 



ANX 



j^jVl^ ,16 ^sam. Liu sin, ^^ lir nim-. Lii nien, 
^^Ci''fe.'t& J^ <®^°^ 't'*^"^ 'fan. Laii sin fan t'an, 

Aj^it'^'Va^i <skm ^kiug ^king, ^jCi^ittt jau 
sam 'ts'iu 'ts'iii. Yu sin ts'idu ts'iau ; A^ery an- 
xious, ^ ^^ ^yan .k'an. Yin k'in. 

Anxiously y^ hot,. Hoh ; anxiously longing for, -^ 
^ ts'it, mong\ Ts'ieh wang, j^ ^ hot, mong^ 
Hoh wang ; anxiously thinking about, 'j^/^ hot, 
nim-. Hoh nien, y^ ,@. hot, sz. Hoh sz, 'j^ ^ 
hot, 'seving. Hoh siing. 

Anxiousness, great solicitude, ^ ^'^ ,to kwa' lii". 
To kw^ lii. 

Any, one, indeiinitely, — -fg yat, ko'. Yih ko ; any 
one [person], y^^^jQ pat, lun' ^pin ko'. Puh 
lun pien ko, ^ |^ ^ A P^*, lun' jho jan. Puh 
lun ho jin, ^ :fpj ;;§: |^ P^t, ^k'ii shi" .shui. Puh 
k'ii shI shwui, '::f^MM P^t, 'kun 'nA ko'. Puh 

kwan na ko, P§g^-^ A i™^ ^^^' ^^K J^^' Pal^ 
-^ f§ jn lun- mat, ^shui,' pg ^ -{^ |^ ,m 'kong 
mat, jShui, P§-|^^i[i3 ^^ 1^' ^V^ ko', :f^ :fpj ^ 
A pat, jk'ii *niau ,yan. Puh k'ii mau jin ; is there 
any hope •'' ^^^^^B^ chung- ^au tak, mong- 
^me. Chung yu teh wang (^) mo, M/^MM^^ 
ehung' ^au "^seung ^fau ,m6; have you any? j^ 
^ 'i^ B/S Tii -y^u Tn6 ^nl, j^^ ^'ni yau 'fau. 
Ni yu tau ; not any, — -/^^^ yat, ko' ,tb jnb. 
Yih ko tu wii ; any body, ^^ |^ ^ A P^ ^^^' 
,ho jyan. Puh lun ho jin ; any place, >f»|^ 'fwf ^ 
pat, lun^ jho ch'ii' ; in any place, i^-J^ kok, ch'li'. 
Koh ch'u ; above any thing, ^^ tsui' ^sin. Tsui 
sien ; not any one, iff. — -/j^ jab yat, ko'. Wu yih 
ko; anywhere, Pal^^lS c^ l^^i" cPiii ch'ii', ^ 
^1^J^ pat, jk'ii jho ch'ii'; will you go any fur- 
ther? i^M'ffM'^^^ '^^ 'scung jhang "un ^ti ^nie; 
have you any more to say? i^M^Ma^M^}i '^^ 
chun^ -yau shiit, wa' ^mo ^ni; without any more 
ado, iH ^j tsik, hak,. Tsih k'eh, :f ^^^^ pat, 
pit, jto 'kong. Puh pieh to kiang ; is any body 
here? ^A-jSittS T^^^ J^^ ^^^i' ^ts'z ^mo. Yu 
jin tsai ts'z mo, ^ APj^^^^ T^^ cjan 'hai ch'ii' 
^me ; I do not want any thing, -^ i^ ^ P^ ^ 
mat, -ye ^to ,m oi', # ^ ^ Pg ^ hai' young- ,t6 
,m iu', WfBMM^X-^1 sham^ ,mo ,tung 
,sai ^to pat, iii' -liii. Shin mo tung si tu puh ydu 
Uau. 

Aorta, the great artery, |^||)i^^ 'tsung mak, 'kun. 
Tsung meh kwan. 

Apace, with a quick pace, ^ fy kap^ c^iang. Kih 
hang, ^ ^^ ij^ (hang tak, fai' Hang teh kw'di, 
tf ^^j£ jhang tak, kap, ts'uk,. Hang teh kih 
suh, ^ # -y^ 'tsau tak, fdi'. Tsau teh kw'di, ft 
j^ ^mong ts'uk,. Mang suh, '{"t ^ ^mong pik,. 
Mang pill, ^ft ^ts'ung ,mong. Ts'ung mdng, -^ 
MM^ ,hung ^hung ^ts'ung ^ts'ung. K'ungk'ung 
ts'ung ts'ung. 

Apart, separate, f^ |^ kak, ^hoi. Keh k'ai, j^^p^ jli 
^hoi. Li k'di, ^ ^ ^fan ,hoi. Pan k'ii ; separa- 
tely, f^ ^ kin' ^hoi. Kien k'ai, f^ ^ kin' kik,. 



(67) APE 

Kien keh, ^ ^ ,sho kan'. Su kien, p^ ^ kik, 
hii'. Keh k'ii, j^ ^ ^sho ^hoi. Sii k'ii; to 
lay apart, ij^ ^ ^sliau ^mii. Shau mii ; to set 
apart (as a person for an office), ^ -^ on' 'shau. 
Ngiin shau ; to dwell apart, J^ Jg sik, ^kii. Sih 
kii» ^^ ling' <kii. Ling kii, ^Ijjg pit, ,kii. Pieh 
kii» # J§ sh^k, ^ku. Soh kii ; aside, ^^ jP'ong 



^pin. P'ang pien, 



chak, j)in. Tsehpien, 



^ ^] tsoi" chak,. Tsai tseh ; every one apart, ^ 
^ lokj lok,. Loh loh. 

Apartment, a room in a building, ^ ^ s^ng ,kan. 
Pang kien, ^ ^ .fong 'tsz. Fang tsz, — ■ ^ M 
yat, ^kan ^fong. Yih kien fang ; a dwelling, ^ 
shat,. Shih, ^ chak,. Tseh ; official residences 
(apartments for destinguished and high officials), 
^ f^ chik, tai-. Tseh tl ; large ditto, A ^ ^^' 
tai'. Ta ti; apartments of a Tsin sz, ^^t;^ tsun' 
sz- tai". Tsin sz ti ; a private apartment, ^^ ^sz 
shat,. Sz shih ; a sleeping apartment, |=J|| j^ fan* 
^fong. Hiun fing, ^ ^ 'ts'am shat,. Ts'in sliih, 
^ M Jigo' /ong. Ngo fang, ^ ^ shui" /ong. 
Shwui fang; a female apartment, |^ ^ ^kwai 
jfong. Kwei fang, ^ ^ ,kwai kok,. Kwei koh, ^ 
II ^heung jkwai. Hiang kwei, '^H ^sham ^kwai. 
Shin kwei, ^ ^ ^kwai 'kw'an. Kwei kw'an, || 
^ 'kw'an noi'. Kw'an»nui, ;^ ^ ^ "nii kiin' 
jfong. Nii kiuen fang, ^ ^ ^ noi' kun' ^fong. 
Nui kiuen fing ; side apartments (apartments in 
the two wings of the official residences or of those 
of the rich), jgg ^long. Lang, ^ ]§ ^seung /ong. 
Si^ng fang, -^l] ^ chak, jfong. Tseh fdng ; apart- 
ments for a guest, ^ ^ hak, ^f eng. K'eh fing ; 
ditto for officials and their families, when out of 
office or waiting for their departure, ^ ^ (kimg 
'kiin. Kung kwan. 

Apathetic, void of feeling, ^ff'[^'|^ ^mo sing' ^ts'ing. 
Wii sing ts'ing, |IE f^ ^^ ,m6 ^ts'ing tik,. Wti 
ts'ing tih, ^ 'III 'kwd ^ts'ing. Kwa ts'ing, ^ ^ 
H^ &^ V^K ^^^^^ (Sam tik,. Puh tung sin tih, i^ 
ft^^ ,sam noi" tsik, ^in. Sin nui tsih jen. 

Apathy, want of feelings, fiE'^'}^^ ,rxih sing' ^ts'ing. 
Wu sing ts'ing, Iffi'lH .mo .ts'ing. Wu ts'ing, ^ 
'Ira '^^^"^ .ts'ing. Kwi ts'ing, ^ ^ j\^n pat, tun^ 
^sam. Puh tung sin, ^ |K| '[|| pat, tung- .ts'ing. 
Puh tung ts'ing, ^ M 6^ A ^^ik, mit, tik, jan. 
Tsih mieh tih jin, ^jCi*"^ A ^^^k, ,sam k6' .yan, 

1^ M ^\' ^ fiff W) V^K s^^^ai ^goi' s^' '^1^0 *^^S^- 
Puh wei wei sz so tung. 

Ape, a tailless monkey, ^^ ,iin. Yuen, ^ ,iin. 



.un. ^^ 

Yuen ; general term for monkeys, J^ .hau. Hau, 
Ml^ 'ma .lau. Ma liu, J^^ .hau 'tsz. Hau tsz, 
i^j^ ^ a' ^sam ; the orang outang or chimpanzee, 
^ ^ .sing ^sing. Sing sing ; a tricky small spe- 
cies of an ape, ^J^ ^ .fung *mui. Pung mei ; a 
she monkey, ^J^ jUi .hau. Ni hau ; a mimicker 
of others, ^ A ^ 1^^"" sy^'^ ^^*^- Uiau jin eh 6, 
'(^miSS^M c^ y^^ng' wak, .u .16. I ydng hwili 

yang ; , one ape . 




hulu, 
.m6 hok 



^v|E't'aiy6ung^ke', 
yeung'. Hioh mii hioh 



A PE 



<ntr- 



(68) 



APO 



imitates tlio other (said of children), ;^ ^^^, % ^ tsuk, 'ii. Suli yu, fg ^ in* ^u. Yen yd, % 
M^^M *''ii' kau ,k'am ,t'oi, sai' kau 't'ai , ^ cham ^in. Chin yen. 

yeimf,''. Ta kau k'in t'ai, si kau t'i ydng. Aphoristicai ^ ^ ts'iit, 'ii. Ts'oh yii, f|. ^ iu' *u. 

Apepsy, indigestion, ^C^^jf^' 'yam shik^ pat,,8iii. ydu yii, ^.^ iii' ,in. YAu yen. 

Yin shih puli sidii, ^^^^ shik. mat, pat, I'd'. ; Aphrodisiac, an, J|£ |^ ^ chong' .yeung yeuk^. 

" ~" """■ ^ Chwangyangyoii, :^^||yik, .tsengyeuk^. Yih 

tsing yoli, ^^^ p<'> 'shan ycuk^. Pii shin yoh, 
PJ^^H .kwai ,lon'„' c-hi ycuk^. Kwei fdng chi 
yoh ; pills ditto, JjJ: \^)j -j\^ cliong' ,y«^ung .fm. 
Chwdng ydng hwan. 
Ai)hro(lite, in China, ^ ^ ^ ^ ,kan» fa j)'6 sat,. 
Kin hwd p'i'i siih ; a name of vcmis, '^ -^ ^fjl^ 
^ 'ku ^kam ^sing ^shan .meng. Kii kin sing shin 
ming. 
Aphtous, pertaining to thrush, p pl]^^ hau noi' 

Idn* ching'. K'au uiii Ian ching. 
Apiary ^ ^ j^- V^""?? vaa.\ ,tbng. Yang mih fang. 
Apiastnim, a kind of mint, ^ ^ ^ts'ai (Hing. IVi 

ning. 
Apiece ^ — • 'niiii yat,. Mei yih ; to eacl> one apiece, 
^^^^ — • Sniii jan tak, yat,. Mei jin teh yih ; a 
cash a piece, — • "^ — -^ yat, ^nian yat^ ko'. Yih 
wan vih ko. 
lau^ Id'. Lau liia ; an aperture Apis, an ox, — "^ ^ yat, chek^ sOgau- Yih chih 



Sliih wiUi puh hwa, ^^^ |i^ ^ ^. hung kak, ai' 
chai'. Uiung keh i r.hi, ^ pg jk {^ shik> <m siu 

Aperient, a laxativ<! medicine, ^ || y^ ;^ ^ chi' 

,hcng so' chi y<'-uk,. Chi k'ing sic clii yoh, /J^J^ 

^ 'siu s6' y6uk,. Siau sic yoh, ^gi '<g^ ^mi se' 

y(^uk,. Wi si6 yoh. 
Aperient j^ '^ |§^ ,heng se' tik,. K'ing sic tih. 
Apert, open, undisguised, ^ ^ <kung ^In. Kixng 

jen. 
Apertion, the act of opening, §§ ,hoi. K'ai; the 

state of being opened, ^ f Jioi ^liu. K'di liau ; 

a gap, or pass in a mountain, (Jj (HJ shan dix'. 

Shdn ydu. 
Aperture, an opening or hole, ^ ,luug. Lung, i^ 

■hung. K'ung, p 'hau. K'au, ^ k'iu'. K'idu ; 

a cleft, ^; kwik,. Kih, «^ |^ Id' kwik,. Hid kih, 

^ kwik,. Kill, ^ tau^ Tau, ^ ^ 1uing la'. 

K'ung hid, 



in clothes, ^ || ^ch'iin Jung. Ch'uen lung, ^ 
:fl, ^cli'iin 'hung. Ch'uen k'ung, ^ fl^ ^ch'un 
*ngan. Ch'uen yen ; a little rent in a dress, f^^ 
lit^ Id'. Lieh hid, ^ ^ lit, .man. Lieli wan, ^ 
^ lit^ jhan. Lieh han ; not one aperture open (a 
dull stupid fellow), — ^ ^^ M y'^^^ ^'^"^^ P^*, 
^t'ung. Yih k'idu puh t'ung ; unable to open one 
of his apertures (one who cannot be made to un- 
derstand), ||P|-P^^ 'tsung ^m Jioi k'iiV [hiu']; 
a sage has seven apertures (in his heart), ^ ^ 
-fcl^ shing' -yau ts'at, k'iiV. Shing yu tsih k'idu. 

AjMJuni graveolens "^ ^^ Jong .kwai. Tdng kwei, 
^^ 'k6 'pun. Kdu pun. 

Apex, the summit of anything, J^ 'teng. Ting, J^ 
^'teng J'au. Tingt'au, ^J^' tsiit^'teng. Tsiueh 
*'"o' ^ T^ c^^" '^*''"K- Tien 'ting ; the summit of 
a mountain, jij rg ^shdn *teng. Shdn ting, ^J ^ 
,shdn ,tln. Shdn tien ; the summit (or apex) of a 
range of mountains, i^ ,f»ng. Fung, -^ jj^ tsiit^ 
'in. Tsiueh yen; the summit (met.), J^ kik^. Kih, 
^ isui'. Tsui, ^,;{^ chi' kik.. Chi kih ; the apex 



niu. 

Apish, affecte<l, ^ ^ kii'i .hang. Kidii hang ; with 
apish courtesy ^^ 'k'eung Jiang. K'idng hang, 
^ -t^ ^ f^ 'kill "yau t.so' tsok . Kiau jau t«du 
tsoh, l^Mi^t^^B 'Jai sh6' ,m tak, tsz' Jn. Lf 
su wu tell tsz jen ; servile, ^jf^ 'ch'im mi^ Chen 
mei ; imitating otliei-s, ^ \ ^ hiiu' jan tik,. 
llidu jin tih. 

Apishly, foppishly, ■^\^^ kwai 'md yeung^. Kwei 
md ydng, |J| ^ ^ 'kwai 'shii yeung' ; sjTvilely, 
WiiM '<^'''''m mi\ Chen mei. 

Apishness ^T ^ ,11111 «^ # 'h6 'ts'/, Snd Jau 'kbm 
y6ung^, ^1^:^^ * ,shang 'mi Jau. Sang md Uii ; 
affectedness, ^ ^ 'kin Jiang. Kidu hang. ^^ 
^k'«mng Jiang. K'idng hang. 

Apityiat jj^y^^ tik, tik shing. Tih tih shing. 

Apocalypse, revelation, ^ j^ J'in 'k'ai. T'ien k'i, 
^ yfi makj shi'. Meh shi; name of the last liook 
in the Sacred Scripture, ^.^^^- ^ shing* 
jkingmut^ .shii jUieiig. Shing kingmoii shu miug. 

Apocalyptical, pertaining to revelation. ^ ^ jft 



of a tree, ^j^];^ shu' *miii. Shu midu, TJ^^jj muk, 

■iniu. Mull iniiiu, i|g}T^ shii' 'teng. Shu ting, ;^ I Apocrypha, books that are not «'anoni«v»l. !^ ^ <^ 



shiikj J'ln 'k'ai. Shuh t'ien k'l. 



J'uiig kwoug'. T'ung 



jmi. Pidn. 
Aphanesite, a copper ore, 

kwdng. 
Aphelion, that jioint of a planet's orbit, which is 

most distant from the sun, ^ f^:%% B ^ M ^^ 

Jiang ,sing Ji yat^^ chi' 'iin eh'ii'. Hang sing Ii jili 

tihf yu<m ch'u. 
Aphony -^^ slial, jam. Shih yin, J^^ ji'o' kam. 

P'o kin, ^P^ fung Jiau. Fung hau ; dumbness, 

^Sg'a. Yd. 
Aphorism, precept, |fc ^ ;^ ^ kdu' kai' ,chi 'ii. 

Kidu kidi chi yu ; saying, ^ 'ii. Yu ; maxim, 



pat ,king chi .sliii. I'uh king chi shu; Ixmks 
excludiHl from the christian canon, ^AS^5>^ 
H^ pat, yap, shing' ,king chi ,shii. Puh jih shing 
king chi shu ; books ()p])os(xl to the Sacre<l Scrip- 
ture. If^'^^M^^ 1"''> '>^1\ '*'''"S' k«»g A'I'i 
.shii. I'uli hob shing king chi sini, '^iE$t.^^F 
pui' ching' kdu' ,chi ,8hi\. Pei ching kidu chi shu. 
Vpocryphal, n<)t canonical. If^^^fy pat, ,king tik.. 
Puh king till. :/f; AWfl\J l»'>r yJM>i ■!<'"" ^^^ ■ '*"•' 



jih king tih ; fal.sc. f|S\>y kdm6'. Kid nuiu 

'kd X%(t, Kid tsie, JIU ^ kd t'ok,. Kid foh ; licti 



• An expresrion »u<»d by womon whon qiian«ling with weh uUmc. 



APO 



(69) 



APO 



tious, ^/^ ;fong jt'ong. Hwang t'dng; doubtful, 
^^^ij 'yau ,i tik,. Yu i tih. 

Apodictical, evident beyond contradiction, ^^j $^ 
^ tik, k'ok, tik,. IMh k'ioh tih, >Bg ^ ^ij k'ok, 
shatj tik,. K'ioh sliih tih ; clearly proving, ^^l 
HJ3 '^hi jming. Chi ining, J^ ^ 'chl shatj. Chi 
shili. 

Apodictically ^' ^ k'ok, tsok,. K'ioh tsoh, i^ ^^ 
k'ok, jin. K'ioh jen, ^ ^' ^ ^ k'ok, k'ok, tsok^ 
tsok,. K'ioh k'ioh tsoh tsoh, ^ VU <tseng k'ok,. 
Tsing k'ioh, M. ^ ,chan k'ok,. Cliin k'ioh. 

Apollo o<C5C)P$^ ,nian -mo ,shan ^meng. "Wan wii 
shin ming. 

Apologer, see Apologist. 

Apologetic, I defending by words or arguments, 

Apologetical, ] ^^ .p'td pok,. P'i poh, ^ Q 
,p'ai pak,. P'i peh, ^ ilj] ^ Q ,p'ai ^ming piu 
pdk,. P'i ming piau peh ; excusing, ^ 'j'jfj 'kong 
jts'ing. Kiang ts'ing, «^ '\fj ^k'au ^ts'ing. K'iii 

, ^'ing, tl AM 'lo <y^» jts'ing." 
Apologist, one who makes an apology, |^, ^- ^ 
yan- ts'o' 'ch6. Jin ts'o che, ^ fjj}- V^ 'kong 
jts'ing k6', >}cM^' sk'au ^ts'ing 'che. K'iu ts'ing 
ch6 ; one who speaks in defense of another, f^ A. 
^Ill ^^' J^^ shiit, jts'ing. Tai jin shwoh ts'ing, 
A ^ tl'i' ^'•■^^' sy*^"^ 'kong jts'ing. T'l jin kiang 



ts'ing, ^41 ^ X j^'<> s*^^ jan. Ho sz jin. 






'kong 



.ts'ing. K'an ts'ing, t't'lw '*''^ <^s'ing. 
ij- ^ 't'6 jiu. T'au yAu, >}e "^ ,k'au 



Apologize, to, to make an apology, 

jts'ing. Kiang ts'ing, |^ ^ shiit^ jts'ing. Shwoh 
ts'ing, ^M s^''^" (ts'ing. K'iii ts'ing, ^M '^^^^ 

T'au ts'ing, 

,iu. K'iii 
ydu, jj^*^ <k'au /lin. K'iii kw4n, :^^|^ jk'au 
Bhii' tsui". K'iii shu tsui 5 to make excuse for (to 
decline), :j^ ^ ,t'ui ,ts'z. Tiii ts'z, :{^ ;^ ^t'ui 
t'ok,. Tui fob, ^ ^ t'ok, ,ts'z. T'oh ts'z, II pf 
.t'iii 'wai. Tui wei, :jt i-|J t'lii k'^uk,. Tiii kioh, 
m 4li .t^'i'' k'euk,. Ts'z kioh, ^l ^ t'ok, ,hoi. 
T'oh k'ai, Kfe ^^ ^t'lii ,hoi. Tiii k'ai, ^ [^ shiit, 
p6k^. Shwoh peh. 

Apologue, a moral fable, P^ ^ ii* 'li. Y6 li, p^ ^ 
ii" ,in. Yii yen. 

Apology, to make an apology, ^ '[^ 'kong jts'ing. 
KiAng ts'ing, ^ |J^ shiit, .ts'ing. Shwoh ts'ing, 
^ 'Iw ik'au .ts'ing. K'iii ts'ing ; excuse, ^ p^ 
,t'ui'wai. Tui wei, Kt f'^ ^t'lii ,ts'z. Tiii ts'z; a 
written defense, :jJt ^ j/ai pok,. P'i poh, ^ ^ 
.p'ai pak^. P'i pell, ^ yj; ,p'ai shi^ P'i shi,.^ 
^^v» ko' psikj jChi "ii. Kdu peh chi yii ; a de- 
fense of a case in court or of other differences, ^ 
^ 6«V ,iin. Sii yucn, ^ Q 'piu pak,. Piau peh, 
Q5^pak,,iin. Peh yuen, |i^^^ , ming ,iin. Ming 
yucn, P^^ ham' un. Hiin yuen, B-'f 5!^ kiu' tin. 
Ki4u yuen. 

Apophthegm, | a remarkable saying, ^ = yi ^ix\. 

Apothegm, j K'i yen, ^ij?;^^ ,k'i miu' ^chi 
,in. K'i midu chi yen ; a short, instnictive re- 
™^^» M W; slung' ^ii. Shing yii, ^ ^ ^in *u. 
Hien yfi. 



Apoplectic, I Pfl M, r?^ chung\fung tik,. Chung: 

Apoploctical, J fimg tih, M.^l1[\J /""S s^iifii tifc - 
Fung mi tih. 

Apoplexy x\\ ^ cliung' ,fung. Chung fung, ^ ^ 
^fung .mai. Pung mi, ^B^ /ung 'k'am ; paralysis 
(as a consequence of a sti-okc of apoplexy) , ^||; 
fung 'fan. Fung fan, 1^ jf£ /ung clung'. Fung- 
clung ; partial paralysis, ^ % Z^^ ]^ piin' .staii 
pat. sui". Pwdn shin j)uh sui 5 a stroke of apo- 
plexy, rh ^ chimg' .t'ara. Chung fan. 

Apostasy '^^ pui' kau'. Pei kisiu, "^f.-j piii' suir\ 
Pei sin, ^^ 'fan kau'. Fan kidu. 

Apostate, an, a renegade, "^f ^ y^ piii' kdu^ che. 
Pei kiau che, "^fg^ pui'sun"che. Pei sin ch<?. 
^icP^A'fiinkau'k^'jan. 

Apostate, traitorous, fff- Jvan. Ivien, ^ =^ ^k^ 
'kwai. Kien kwci, ^ ^ ^kdn 'kwai. Kien kwei. 

A])ostatize, to, to abandon one's religion, "^ ^ piu* 
kau'. Pei kisiu, f^^$ pux' sun'. Pei sin, S ^ f^ 
}i shing' kau'. Li shing kiiiu, ^^ ^ ^ ^li shing^ 
lii'. Li shing liwui ; to abandon one's profqssion, 
0f|it;^^ .li .k'i pun ip,. Li k'i piin nieh 

Apostemate, to, ^■ 

^Jli .sbang juung. Sang nung 



shang ^ch'ong. Sang ch'wang. 



Apostle, a disciple of Christ, 



Sliing eh'ai. 



shing' ^clfdf. 



sz' t'6. Shifii 



sioned to preach the Gospel, ^iJiS^' 



one commis- 

slin fuk, 

,yam 'ch6. Siuen fuh yin ch<S, m. ^ ^ r^^^ tir 
'chd. Siuen tdu ch6 ; a person deputed to execute 
some important business, jg; ^ 'bin ^cli'<4i. Hien 
cli'ai, 5^^^' fung^ ^ch'ai '0116. Fung ch'ai chd. 

Apostleship ^^^^ shing' ,ch'di ^chi cliik,. Shing: 
ch'ai chi chih. 

Apostolic, I relating to the apostles, ^ ^ ii ^" 

Apostolical, ) ^kwan shing' ^ch'ili 'clu''. Kw^dn shing- 
ch'ai ch^;, ^^'^ shing' ^ch'ai tik,. Shing ch'^ 
tih, ^^P^ shing' ^ch'ai k^' ; agreeing -with the 
doctrine of the apostles, ■^^^^^ bop, shing" 
,ch'ai ^chi kau'. Hob shing ch'ai chi kidu, ^ ]£ 
^ hop, ching' kdu'. Hob ching kidu. 

Apostrophe, * the addressing one who is dead or ab- 
sent, ^ ^ ^ 1^ ,ko .film .ngai lun". K<4u t'da 
wii lun ; the contraction or oramission mark, ^ 
^ZW. lai' tsz^ ^chi hb\ Lai tsz chi hdu, ^ ^ 
;^ ^ 'kam pat, ^chi \ib\ Kien pih chi b&u j the 
apostrophe is th(^ inverted character ( 4 ) 'chii and 
written ('), m'^Zm^mW'MZ C) ^' ^itt 
(') ^'WMZ liii' tsz' ^chi bo' che shi' ,tin 'to ^clif 
'clui tsz', y6uk, 'ts'z (') tsz' ji 's^ ^chi. Ldi tsz chi 
hdu cb6 shi tien tdu chi chii tsz, job ts'z (') tsz; 
rh sid chi. 

Apostrophize, to, to address by appostrophe, ^' ^■• 
^ 1^ jk6 jt'dm jUgai lun'. Kau f dn wii 1 i^fj-; to . 
mark the omission of a letter, 0. ^/^ '^^^ 
^ -i \ki^ tsz- ,cbi bo' ho' tsz'. I ldi W cbi b^u 
hdu tsz. 






APO 



(70) 



APP 



KVii voli tsVii p'l'i clu'; ; one wlio jn-actices pluir- . 

macy' f}MM"^ ''^i"'' y^'^^^i ^^^'^"^ '^^^^'- ^^'^ -V"^ 
te'tli die ; one mIio soils drup^, '^ ^ ;j"yj' >|^- inai* 

yeuk, .ts'oi 'cIk'-. Mai yoli tsVii cho, || ^|]) j^ ^. 

vtMik^ p'o' ,siu ,slianj;. Yoli p'l'i sicii sanj; ; uii i 

apothecary's sJiop, * l^'jjtfilli y<^'"^'. j^^'oi p'lV, ^ 

¥i lU y('u\ jts'oi tim'. Y'oh ts'ai tion ; a jjlaee , 

where (li-iii5:s are prepared, ^ 'J^ ^ 5^ ehai' lin' 

yeuk^ ^^ox\<^. Chi lien yoli lam;-. 

Appall, to, to terrify, ^^..'^ liinif; hiik,. K'lmi^ hih, , 

^# <kci-ig hak,. King hih, j^- ^ eluuik, ,keng. 

Choh kinj^, ^^ eheiik, jWong. Clioli luvnii;,', ^ 

■^t eheiik, ,niong. Choh manf,', Pj|f^- hiik, eh(^uk,. 

Hih choh, B||A|ai6(Sfi r hak, 'hi min- ,t6 ,ts'eng, ' 

H # ^ ItM W: <l<cnK ^'K '«hau ,nam keuk. \ 

Hiu, "^ j^lj % fe t'»iii? to' pi^'i' shik,. llwanj; tau ! 

pieu sill, ^ $1] ^ ^ jitp #: ,fonf. to' 'shau lap, | 

kciik, Hin. Hwang tau sliau hih kioh yuen, ^'\ ' 

likv Ch.oh iiii luviln"' mang wu k'l lih. 1 

Appalling, depressing with fear, ^- (^ f^j eheiik^ i 
hdk, tik,. Choh hih tih, ?"<?(# f]^ 'hnng hak, tik,.' 
K'ung hih tih ; impressing with fear, p]* H^ 'ho 
lidk,. K'o hih, pj" W^ 'ho ,kcng. K'o king, ^ ^ 
ho jhoi. K'o hidi. 

Aiipallment, depression occasioned hy f(nu', ^ b|| 
'hung hak,. K'ung hih, ^ ,|^ ,kcng jhoi. King 
hiai, -^ij^ Jjeng ,t(mg. King hwang. 

Appanage f^ j^i 'fiing luk,. Eung luh. 

Apparatus, an, ^^ ^. hf'kir. K'i ki'i, {J^ JBL hi' 
'ming. K'i ming, -^^ J^ hi' yung'-. K'i yung ; a 
set of instruments, — • ^|| g^ j^ yat, fiV hi' kfr. ! 
Yih fn k'i kii ; tools, instruments, furnitvuT &c. j 
iircf generally called '^|^,ka'fo. Kia ho (also i 
written ^ik)'M PS c^""?? .sa'- Tung si, ff ^ ! 
shap, mat,. Shih wuh ; instruments of war, yj^j^l^ 
hi' hai^ K'i hiai, ]% §^ JvA 'fo. Kii'i ho, 1^ ^^ 
,kwan hi'. Kiuii k'i : nipclinnioiil ap])ar<itiis, ^ 
'g^-,kthi'. Kik'i. 

Apparel, dress, :^lj^ ,i fuk^. [ fuh, ^^ i jsheiuig. ' 
I chiing, f^l^ji ^shiiin fvV. San fi't. 

Apparel, to, to dross, ^- ^< ^ cheuk, /i jsheung. i 
Choh i Chang, ^ :^i ^ ch'iin ,i fuk^. Ch'ucn i 
fuh ; tx) adorn with dress, ^ :^ ^ cheuk, ji'di 
^ch'eiing. Choh ])'ai ch'ang, {|^" ^ ^chong ^slian. 
Cliwi'mg shin, Jj^ |j|j ^chong shik . ChwJlng shih, 

itf ^ iJR Jii' i-Ih nk^ fnk^, $jp tT # ''i" '^^ P*^"'- 
HAu td piiu. 
Ajijiarent, visihle, J^ fl^ in' jiniiig. llien ming, ^ 
1^ jming 'hill. Ming hien, >^^ ^cheung ,ch6ung. 
Chdng chdng, ^\^ ^eheungjming. Chdngming, 
iiaf/.eh'iu ,ch(hing. Ch'du cluing, ^0 16' 'hin. 
Lu hien, ^3^ 16' in'. Lii hien, JEg |ij in' ch'ut,. 
llicn ch'uh, pf J^ ^ 'ho 'i kin'. K'o i kion, pf 

* TUoKC who dcnl in drugs on a largo scaU' uro cuUecl, ^5W*TT 
y6uk, jts'oi thong. Yoh ts'fti hang, i.e. Hong (mor( luiiit). For- 
eigners who witth to diBiKtsu of foreign or to i»irohas(> natire 
•drugs on a large scale, should always use this term. 



^ f^ ho kin' tak . Iv'o kien teh, p[ ^ Ik. kin'. 
K'o kion, |@^^ hill jiii. llion jen ; heir apparent 
to the <TOwn of an empire, -jt^ -^ t'Ai' 't»z. T'4i 
tsz ; ditto to the crown of a kingdom, lU; -^ shai' 
'ts/. Shi tsz. 
Ajiparently, evidently, ^ f'^ 'liin ^in. llien jen. ^ 
i^, jning liai'. Ming hi, IJJ ;|^, ming shi'. Ming 
shi, |g -^ 'hin hai". Hien hi ; the statements are 
evidently false, |JK f>}<: fjfj- ^ 'hin ^in jts'ing ,hu. 
Uicn jen ts'ing hii', 'i^ ff. }^ ^ 'hin liai'" ,hQ 
jm6 ; seeminglv, jj^- ^ f^ ho 'ts'z hai'. Hau bz 
W. ti^i' Wy(^uk,. S'//joh, ^ ^s'z. S/„ >|l 
ip^ 'ts'z ^u. Sz hu, |g */c Mm ,in. Yen yen, >JH 
1^ Hs'z shuk . Sz shuh,' ^ ^ 'ts'z kok,. »z 
kioh, ^ f^. ts'z liai'. Sz hi ; a])pai-ently true, 
hut really wrong, iiX ^ '\fn §^ 'ts'z shi' /i ,fi. 
Sz shi i-h ti. 

A])parition, a glu>st, ^ kwai. Kwei, U ^ 'kwM 
miii'. Kwei mei, )|g5^ ,li raiii'. Li mei, ^'{^ JA 
kwai'. Yau kwai, ^/^ ;f| ^iu ,mo. Y4u mo, ^ ^ 
^iii mui'. Yiiu mei, ij(^*^ ju tseng. Y4u tsfng, 
5|,»j^ 'kwai kwdi . Kwei kwai, ^^ 'mong Mcung. 
Wdng Hang. >j^ ^. kwai' sui'. Kwdi sui ; ^ 
g * ^iu hi'. Ydu k'i; ^^ • ,iu /an. Yau fan, ^ 
^ • * ^6 ,fan. Sic tafi, .^^ * • ok, ,fan. Ngoh 
fan, ^ ^ jling ^ikn. Ling fan, ^ ^ ^fan ,wan. 
Fan yun ; a visihle ohject, ^ ^ in' matj. Hien 
wuh ; a vision, ^^7 n"m^' wan'. Mung hwi>n. 

Apparitor ^ \v. Li, -j^^ tso' li'. Tso li. 

Apjieal, to refer to a superior court. J;^ ^ shoung* 
hung'. Shang k'ung, J;. ^ sheung' k6'. Shiing 
k^". M»l\ ^^^i ^^'- Yueh sii, ^ J:,-^ fu' sheung' 
k6'. Pu shang kiiu, JtJlBj^^lJC 'sheung sheung* 
jSZ k6' chong', ^ _t. ^ "«" ^F *'^' sheung' sb 
k6' s6*. Fu shang sz kau su, Wf>j±!^l kwo' ^ngi 
sheung' hung'. Kwo yd shang k'ung. JlJlS]^ 
n Mt ^i Wi6ung sheung' ,sz jUgii ^mun tai' 'pan ; 
to refer to another for the decision of a question, 
^^ jt'au s6\ T'au sii, fJ^J^Jf -yeung s6'. Ving su, 
^ff fiV s6'. Fu si'i ; ditto in writing, :^ ^ I'au 
jts'z. T'au ts'z, ff ^ s6' ^ts'z. Su ts'z, ^ f^ kiV 
'pan. Kii pin ; I appeal to your feelings. '^ ^ 
^oi jk'au. Ngdi k'iu : to apjK'al agixin and JigJUB, 
^^M^ tsoi' sdm oi 'han. IVdi siin ngAi 
k'an.' 

Appeal, to, to charge with a crime, ^^ k6 chong*. 
Kdu eliwung. 

Appeal, the removal of a («uso of suit from an inferior 
to a higher trihunal. Jl.}$ sheung' hung'. Shang 
k'ung ; to issue a summons to answer a charge, 
p'iu! P'idu, ^»^. .ch'ai p'iu', Ch'di p'idu, yy 
ch'ut, p'iii'. Ch'uh p'iiu, |jj^ ch'ut, ,ts'im. Ch'uh 
ts'ien ; a very urgent summons (not written, but 
heing a longitudinal hoanl with the following 
charactoi-son), SJIiSjii^j ngdng',t'au ts'iin. Ngang 
t'au ts'ien ; an appeal to arms, :^i ^ jjjl; ,Ui }i& 
'fo. Lui kid ho, Uj jg/>Jl; ch'ut, .kd 'fo. Ch'uh kii 

ho. Jtt ill tP^^ ^"^^- 1*^" '"*'• 
• These forl)odc evil. * • These two forplKnle luek. 



APP 



(71) 



APP 



Appealalile, that may be i-emoved to a hie^hei- tri- 
bunal for decision, f5|" J^ jf^ 'lio slicung' htmg'. 
K'o sbang k'lmg. 

Appealed, vemoved to a bigliov coui't, _t. :j^n M 
sheung' bung' kvvo'. Shang k'ung kwo, J^ >^ Jl 
"J "o^ ?Uc "sbeung kwo' sbeung" sz ko' cbong^. 
Shdng kwo sbang sz kau cbwaug. 

Appealer Jt^^^ sbeung- hung' 'che. Shdng k'ang 
che, ±j§,^UK sli^Liug- hung' ke' ,yan. 

Appealing, removing a cause to a higher tribunal, 
h )^ sheung^ hung. Shang k'ung ; referring to 
another for a decision, ^xilf.HllilT s^'^'^ s^' '^ts'eng 
tiln'. T'au sii ts'ing twan. 

Appear, to, to be visible, ]^ in'. Hien, ^ 16'. Lii ; 
to become visible, {jj fl^ ch'ut^ ,t'au. Ch'vih t'au, 
^ ^ ch'ut, in^ Ch'uirhien, f^i| fat, m\ Fah 
hien, ^ {f| 16- ch'ut,. Lii ch'uh, ^ fg 16" in'. 
Lii hien, ^ ill ^'^^^^' ^^ • ^'^^'^ hien, Jj^|§ Jau 16^ 
liu Id, ijg ^ ^ch'iu chu'. Ch'au chu, ^'^ 'hin 
chi\'. Ilien (ihu, J^ |^ in' jming. Hien ming, ^ 
{f} 'bin ch'ut,. Hien ch'uh; to appear in •com-t 
(to be tried), ^ ^ t'eng' 'sham. T'ing shin, $|J 
^ to' 'sham. Tdu shin, j^ |^ hau' 'sliam. Hau 
shin, ^Ij^ t6' on'. Tdu ngdn; required to appear 
upon a trial, ^^ ^ ^kwai on'. Kwei ngdn ; to ap- 
pear in court as a lawyer, ^ :j^ cho' hung'. Tsu 
k'ung ; to seem, f^ -^ 'ho 'ts'z. Hau sz, ^ ^ 
ts6ung' *ts'z. Siang sz, ^ -^ 'ts'z ,n. Sz hu, 
f; p i' ^ts'z. 1 sz, a 'ku. ku, fi^'f^ Pi; 'ku 
'ku 'hd; it appears to me, ^f^ 'ngo 'kii. Wo ku; 
they appear bad (as provisions), ^j^^ hh 'ts'z 
wdi'. Hdu sz hwdi ; to appear to comply, ^ ^ 
min' jts'ung. Mients'ung; to appear in pubUc, 
^ K [] j A '^^ i™^^ ch'ut, yap^. Yu min ch'uh 
jib ; to appear in print (to become an author), ^j 
^ ch'ut, shik^. Ch'uh shih ^ ditto, to be printed, 
m ^ yan' kwo' ; it will appear by what follows, 

i #» f^ ^^ ^ M ^^^' ^^"'' Pi^" <™'"n i^'^ i'- 
K'dn hau, pierfming k'l i, ^ HF ^, pf # ^f {jj 

kin' ha^ ,p'in, 'ho hon' tak^ ch'ut, ; to appear be- 
fore God, $1] _t'^Z\SiM t6''sheung'- tai' ,ehi 
min' jts'in. Tdu Shdng ti chi mien ts'ien ; an an- 
gel appeared to him in a dream, ^^^^ }Zt^ 
-f}^ ,t'in sz' mung^ ,chung in' ^ii ^t'd. T'ien sz 
mung chung hi(!n yu t'd ; to appear in one's ori- 
ginal form *, ^|eJ|^^ pin' ^ui ^iin jing. Pien 
hwui yuen bing, lji||j il^i^ in' ch'ut, 'pun s6ung'. 
Hien ch'uh piin si^ng ; appears good, '^^^W 
'ts'z ^d 'ki 'h6. 
Appearance, coming to light, {jt}^ ch'ut, in'. Ch'uh 
hien, ^ 16'. Lu ; personal appearance, ^ ^ 
.yung mdu-. Yung mdu, ^^ jing jung. Hing 
yung, j^ Jt)c ^^ing cbong^ Hing chwdng, ^ ^ 
chong' mdu'. Chwdng mdu, ;^ ^l seung' mdu'. 
Sidng mdu, ^[ ^ ngoi' ^kun. Wei kwdn, ^ 



<yung jkiin. Yung kwdn. 



ti Ji^g 



t'ai. Hing 



• An expression used on the stage, when a fox, after having been 
transformed into a beautiful female, assumes its original form. 
The term is also applied to men. 



t'i : exhibition of the chai-aeter, f^ J|j^ (ts'ing 
ciioni;''. Ts'ing chwdng : appeamnce of a pei-son's 
habits, fl t§^ 't'ai t'ai'. T'i t'di, ^^ |g t'di' ib\ 
T'ai tu, ^ ^ fling .tsz. Fung tsz ; a comrmmd- 
ing a))pearance, l^|| ®.'|^'|^ ,wai ,fung "lam ^lam. 
AVei fling lin lin ; the appearance of one's coun- 
tenance ((!olor of the face), gj ^ min' sMk,. 
Mien sib, ^ ^ hi' shik . K'i sih, ^^ hi' tseung^. 
K'i siang, ^ ^ 'king tseimg'. King siang ; out- 
ward appearance, ^[» ^ ngoi' mau'. Wei man, 
il[W. '^Soi' y«^^ng'- Wei ydng, ^^ jnb yeung\ 
Mu ydng ; the appearance (state) of an affair, ^ 
shai'. Shi, j^ ^ jing shai'. Hing shi, $^ ;^ '{^ 
^ sz- ^chi .ts'ing ,ying. Sz chi ts'ing hing, ^^ 
jying tsik^. Hing tsih ; a good appeax-ance, j^ ^ 
^ 'ho ^kwong 'king. Hdu kwdng king, ^ f^ 
mdu' 'ho. Mdu hdu; appearance of a landscape, 
^ ^ ^ying shai'. Hing shi, ^ ^ ^kwong 'king. 
Kwdng king, j^||^ 'king ciii'. King chi ; to niak« 
one's flrst appearance on the stage, ^fJliU"^ ^ch'o 
ch'ut^ jt'oi. Ts'u ch'uh t'di; to enter into a- bond 
for appearance, ^ {5^- -^ 'se 'p6 'ling. Si6 pdu 
ling, i;-^4i I'^P) 'P*'' ''i"»- ^fdh pdu ling; a fair 
appearance, fj^f ^ ^ 'ho min' mdu'. Hau mien 
mdu ; to all outward appearance, he is wrong, J^ 
:^^W'Ji^'^^^ <kw'ai ,k'i tdi'- shai' pit, >u 
^cli'd ts'o'. KAv'ei k'i td shi pieh yu cb'd ts'o ; » 
frightenetl appearance, ^^^'^^ 'hung kii" ^chi 
shik . K'ung kii chi sih, Jill @| *|^ ^ Tiiun nii»* 
^fong hi'. Mwdn mien hwdng k'i; a dignified and 
fine appearance, ^'^ .wai ji. Wei i. 

Appeared [iji^jlj^ ch'ut, in' kwo'. Ch'uh hien kwo; 
his original shape appeared, i^J^[ti]^ S^n .ying 
ch'ut, in'. Yuen hing ch'uh hien. 

Appearing, coming to light, ^ ^ W in'. Lu hion, 
\^ j^ ch'ut, in'. Ch'uh hien ; seeming, as if, ^H 
^' fi yeuk,. Ju job, :ftj- ^ 1x6 'ts'z. Hdu U, 
^ ^'tscxmg'- -'ts'z. Sidng sz, ^ ^ jing Hs^t. 
^Hingsz, i^i^ 'fong fat,. Fdng full, ^ #s^ ,i 
^hx. I hi, ^^ yeuk, 16uk,. Yoh lioh ; appearing 
like a dream, $f -fi ^^ 'h6 Hs'z fdt,mung', ^ 
f^|t^-^ 'fong fat, ^k'i yeuk. mun^. Fang fiik 
k'i job raung. 

Appeasable, that may be quieted, Pf ^^ 'ho jp'ing 
tik,. K'o p'ing tih, pf ^ 'ho wai'. K'o wei, pj" 
^ ^M 'ho nap^ ^on wai'. K'o ndh ngdn wei. 

Appeasablcness pj" j^ ^^ j^ 'ho nap, ^wo 'che. K'o 
ndh ho die. 

Appease, to, to reduce to a state of peace, ^ sP '*'*ۥ 
P'ing, ^-&^^ 'sz ^k'i ,p'ing tsing-. Shi k*i 
p'ing tsing, ^^^pjj^p ling' ^k'i .p'ing ^wo. Ling 
k'i p'ing ho ; to conciliate, ^^ chi' .wo. Chi h*, 
j^jfn 'kai ^wo. Kidi ho, ^^ hiin' ^wo. K'iuenho, 
m W ct'iu .t'ing. T'idu t'ing, $j^ )g .t'iu 'ch'u. 
T'idu ch'u, ^^ 'li ^'o. Li t'o, j^^ .wo sz'. Ho 

'^"* on 



sz, j^fgf^TJin pi *k'ii fuk, ^wo; to soothe, _ 
wai'. Ngdn wei, 1^ ^ hiin' wai'. K'iuen wei, g| 
1^ .hoi 'kdi, ^ ^ 'fu wai'. Fu wei ; to appease 
one's wrath, ,^^ sik^ no'. Sih nu, jf;^ 'chind'- 



ATP 



(72) 



APP 



J^t tsip, tsul<i- Tfiioh suh, jff.) ^ fA' cliui'. Fti 
cliui, |^,| j^ fiV (inAi. Fu mdi ; bclonf^inf? to, jQ 
Hliuk^- Sliuh. 
Apponclinf^, anncxiiif^, \%]^ iu' .lln. V\i lion, («f.J:^ 

fiV kwii'. F6 kwd, Pif;) >(^ fu' p'ui'. Fu p'ei. 
Appendix (pi. appendixes and appendices), a sup- 
plement, |ff.j ^ fu' luk,. Fu lull, fj§ jg 'p6 ,wai. 
Pu wei, |# ^ fu' ,in. Fu yen, ^ |ij 'p6 ts'ap,. 
Pi'i tsih, ^ ^ 'po luk,. Pu lull. 
j)'ing jWO. P'ing bo ; the act of appeasing, J^ ^^1 1 Appei-tain, to, to belong to, }%';;^ sliuk,. Shuli ; it ap- 
hiin' ,wo. K'iuen ho, j^jf>fil 'kui ,wo. Kiai ho, ^jj; | pertains to liini, ^^ shuk^ i'&. Shuh t'd, ff.-^ 
5fPchi'.,wo. Chiho. , ! P^ hai' 'k'ii ke', |^ jfi ,kw4n Vii. Kwlin k'u"; it 

App<5i8cr, consoler, '/r'^!:^ ,on wai"che. Ngfin wei ! does not appei-tain to me, ^. ^ j^ ^f. ^ ,m6 
vh6 ; pacifier, ^ >jHl ^ hiin' ,wo 'cli(^». K'iuen ho ! ^k^vAn ship, 'ii 'ngo. Wu kwin sheh yii wo. 
eh{i, ^ilily'i jWo ^t'au. Uo t'au. 



Ohi Tiu, -j; J«gt hi^ nh\ ll\i nu, p;|C jg^ -mai ^nau, 
~|i ^ hd^ hi'. Hid k'i ; to appease one's hunger, 
T^^t 'ting ^t'6, Jil^ 'chl ngo^ Chi ngo. 
Appcasejl, to allow on's self to be, ^J) ^t nap, wai'. 
Nih wei, ]^ ^ ^ ndpj ,on wai'. Ndli ngAn wei ; 
rcdu(M;d to a state of pcjacc, 5(Hl ^ jWO H.'o. Ho 
*'o. ^ 7 't'o '!>"• ''"o IJ^u. ^ T ,wo -liti. Ho 

Appeasement, the 8t<ate of being in peace, ^ 7^ 



Appeasing, quieting, as medicine, j\- 'chi. Chi. 

Appellant, one who appeals to a higher court, J^:j^ 
^ Kheung^ hung' 'chd. Shang k'ung clie ; one avIio 
prosecutes another for a crime -^JlX'^ k^' cliong' 
'chd KAu chwdng vM% (j^'^ff.P^ nau- ,kun ,sz 
k6', ^'^Ji^MA '^^ .kun'fu kc' jan ; a challen- 
ger, ^Lnife^ <t'iu chin' 'ch^!. T'i^u chen che. 

Appellate, pertaining to appeals, ^] J; jj^ ,kvvan 
ahdung* liung*. Kwin shdng k'ung. 

Appellation, name, ^ jincng. Ming ; style, ^ tsz'. 
Tbz ; title, 'i)^] luV. Udu ; the ruling title, ^ ^ 
kwok, ho'. Kwoh hdu ; designation, ^Vf- ,ch'ing 
/fi. Ch'ing hti ; Ten thousand years is an appell- 
aiion of the emperor, M^^Pf'^ii{i' ™^"* sui' 
^A'ing ^fu jWong tai'. W4n sui ch'ing hu hw^ng 
U. 

Appellative (noun) • ^j ;^ lui^ jmeng. Lui raing. 

AppcUativcly ^^^ j^ lui^ j^cng 'ch6. Lui ming che, 
^^\tM (ts'ung lui' ,chi, ch'ing. Ts'ung lui chi 
«h'ing. 

Appellee, the defendant of an a])peal, ^ ^_ ^ pi' 
bang' 'ch6. Pi k'ung clK-. 

Appellor Ji:j^^, sh^ung^ hung' 'clu^. Shdng k'ung 

Append, to, to attach to, as a seal, |5jf.j f|] fu* yan*. 
V& yin 5 to attach at the end, J^ j^ tsuk^ 'mi. 
Sub wi, |{f.J )% fu' *mi, \'^. Jf tsip, 'mi. Tsich wi, • 
^ J^ kai' 'mi. Ki avi, jjli. || ^lin W. Lien wi ; 
to jitta<;h, as by a string, :^|< ^ kwd' 'mi. Kwa 
•wi; to append, as to im account, :^| f^ ^. kw.V 
lok, p6^ Kwd lob pu, jjf^ ^. )% ,chiiix ptV ^mi. 
Mien pu wi, jf^ J* /'him sh^ung*. Nien shi'mg; ' 
to append to the girdhi or dress. \{f,\ '\j^ fu* ]>'ui'. 
F6 p'ei. 

Appendage, somcithing added to a ))rincipal thing, 
j^ 4^ fii' mat,. Fu wuh ; an a])])endagc to a girdle 
«• dniss, (>'(.) fH lu^ p'ui'. Fn p'ei ; an appendage , 
to a cap, hat &c., pjfj ;fi|. fiV kw4'. Fu kwd; use- ! 
l«*s appendages, pjf.j ^ liV <'hui\ Fii chui. 

■ Appendant, annexed, |^| jjji fti' jlin. Fd lien, ^ 



Appertaining, belonging to, ^ shuk,. Shidi, U 
,kwdn. KAvdn ; belonging to bim, -f^, \^ n^ bai 
'k'u kc', gg ^ ,kw4n ,t'd. Kw4n t'4." 

Appei-tenance, see Apjiurtenance. 

Appetence, ") carnal desin*, ^^ yuk, 'fo. Yuh ho, 

Appetencj', ] %^ .s/> yuk,'. Sz yuh, ^ ^ jts'6 
yuk,. Sic yuh, ^: j^ ,yam yuk,. Yin yuli, ^^ 
shik, yuk,. Sib yuh, |^fg: shi' yuk,. Shi yuh, J^ 
^ yuk^yuk,. Juh yuh, 'fJj^ ,ts'ingyuk^. Ts'ing 
yuh, 'jd^ |f jts'ing tau'. Ts'ing tau, ^ )Ji shik, 
'tim. Sib t^n ; the natural inclination of the 
brute creiition, to perform cei-tnin actions, 3|C 
^ 'pun yuk^. Pun yiib, |^ ifH Z %l <"'"•' ^''^ «^^ 
yukj. Tsz jen chi yuh. 

Appetible i^ jgi Jiom 'stjung. K'dn siang, ^ ^ 
horn yukj. K'dn yuh. pfj^l, 'bo Wung. K'osiing, 
Pr^'*'ho yuk,. K'o yuli. "" 

Appetite, the natural desire «)f ph'asure or good, ^ 
h6'. Hjui, % ngdu'. Ydu ; a desire of food, y^^ 
P 'ho wai' 'liau. Udu wei k'au ; hunger, Ijt ^ 
Vfi ngo^ T'u ngo, f|g^ ,ki ugo'. Ki ngo, >^^ 
's6ung shikj. Sidng .sbili, ^ ^ vuk, shik^. Y'uh 

slHli,',S.:^ ,8/. sliikV ^'- filul', lit #^ T 't'6 Mi 
ngo' "liu. T'u li ngo lidu ; a craving for a special 
dish or sensual gititificjition, J^ ^ p'ik, ho'. P'ih 
»>^i«. 1^ Wg^ P'ik, shi'. P'ih shi, jgp .(4 p'ik. sing'. 
P'ih sing, %^ ,p'in p'ik,. P'ien p'ih, 1^'^ p'ik, 
yuk,. P'ih yuh, :^ JpSp sbik^ p'ik,. Shib p'ih ; a 
craving for brandy, ^ |^ 'tsiui p'ik,. Tsiu ])'ih ; 
sensual a])petite, %\^^ ,sz yuk>. Sz yuh, ^^ shi* 
yuk,. Shi yuh, ^ ^ .ts'e yuk,. Sic yuh, [^J ^ 
^vukj Yuk,. .luh yuh, "^ ^ shik^ yuk^. Sib yuh, 
^ ^2; ram yuk^. Tun yuh, %\\ Jg: li' yuk,. LI 
yuh, '^i '^\% jam yuk,. Yin yuh ; a desire for (is 
<'hiefly exjiressed l)y), j^ ,t'am. T'dn ; the thing 
(Icsirnl, 4>C^' mvA^ .Y"'*',- Wuh yuh ; no appetite, 
I'f. tut ."» ''^^'""J^' «'"J<r P?iS^$ ,'» «"' ^»"J<,. ii 



re noiu) 






\\ p jmo wai' 'ban. Wu wei k'au, \\ p |l& ^ 
wai' 'hau ,m 'bo, ^^Wf^\% shik, 'y«': ,i»«» '"i' ; *« 
excite an appetite. ||^ ^'j Jioi wai'. K'di wei, p 
i^ Xf^ 'liau 'shui ,t'an ,kon. K'au shwui t'an 
kdn, li ^ ^ 1^ l<in' sink, jSbui ^in. Kien shib 
e.hui yen ; an aj)petitc of ])rai.sc ^il^f^^ '•« .sbing 
kd'. Lo sbing kid. ^^ 'lo 'ts'oi, iT||ei<|iii b6' 
tAi' kO m.V. 



APP 



(73) 



APP 



Applaud, to, p^ ^ hot, 'ts'oi. Hoh ts'ai, :fg ^ 
p'ak. 'shau. P'eh sliau, gj ^ 'kii 'clieung. Kii 
cliang, ^ 1^ ^ch'ing tsan'. Cli'ing tsAn, ^ ^ 
tsdn' 'mi. Tsan mei, ^^ tsan' sliirr. Tsan shen, 
^^ tsan' tsung". Tsan sung ; to praise one's self, 
^g 2 tsan' tsz- 'ki. Tsan tsz ki, g^c^^ ts7/ 
ka ^ch'ing tsan'. Tsz kia ch'ing tsan, y^^^^ 
^ ^ "lo 'sliii tit, lok, ^t'in jP'ing. Lau slid tieh 
loll t'ien p'ing, g ^ tsz' \v. Tsz yii, ^ ^ tsan' 
'ki. Tsanki. 

Applause, a shout of approbation, p^ ^ hot^ 'ts'oi. 
Hoh ts'ai ; great applause, WiW^W.M. r^^i^^ ^sliing 
tsoi' to". Hwan sliing tsai tau, y^ j:^ ^ 'mun tr 
'ts'oi. Mwan ti ts'ai. 

Applausive, applauding, p^ ^ ^{j hot, 'ts'oi tik,. 
Hoh ts'ai till ; an applausive song, ^ ^ ;^ ^ 
tsan' "mi ^chi ko. Tsan mei chi ko. 

Apple, fresh, ^ |^ sP'ing 'kwo. P'ing ko, ^ ^ 
,p'an 'kwo. P'in ko ; ditto dried, ^ 2|S ^ kon 
jP'ing '^kwo. Kan p'ing ko ; the apple of the eye, 
HR ^ "'ngan jk'au. Yen k'iu ; the pupil, ^^ -^ 
^mau 'tsz. Mau tsz. 

Apple-pie ^ |^ |^ cP'^'^S 'kwo ^kwai. P'ing ko 
kwei. 

Apple-tart ^ |^ §^ sP'ir^g kwo tat,. P'ing ko tah. 

Apple-tree ^ ^if^ ^p'ii^o kwo shiv. P'ing ko shu. 

Apple-woman, one who sells apples and other kinds 
of fruit, ^ -^ H ^^ mai- ^shang 'kwo 'fu. Mai 
sang ko fu, "^H^f 'pai 'kwo fan. Pjii ko fan. 

Appliable ^ )fl hoj), yung-. Hoh yung, ^ j^ (\i} 
cheilk vunu" tik . Choh vung tih. 

Appliance, the act of applying, j^ yung-. Yung, ^ 
Ifl 'shai yung'. Shi yung. 

Applicability ^f^ hop, yung-. Hoh yung, ^Jff ^ 
cheuk vun2^ 'che. Choh vungr clie. 

Applicable, that may be applied, pj j^ 'ho yung', 
^ j^ cheuk, yung-. Choh yung ; applicable to 
liim, pf ^^ p 'ho'chi ^t'a. K'o chi t'a, p |^ #, 
^kwan ^il t'a. KAvan yu t'a, J(^ fg 'chi 'k'ii, ^ 
jg ^kwan 'k'ii, ^ ^ ^"fS 1'^^^ ^kwan ^ii 'k'ii. 

Applicableness ^ ^ :^ bo 'chi 'die. K'o chi che, 
% ^ ^ 'bo ^kwan 'che. K'o kwan che. 

Application, the a-ct of applying as means, j^ yung'. 
Yung, 'H^ j^ 'shai yung^. Shi yung ; application 
of the mind, ^i\!^ ^cliiin ^sam. Cliuen sin, ^ ^^ 
^chiin i'. Cliuen i, ^ |^ chiin mo'. Cliuen wii, 
^ — ■ chiin yat,. Cliuen yih, ^ ^ yan ^k'an. 
Yin k'in ; the application of a sermon, ^^ hiin' 
jin. K'iuen yen, f^ 1^ ^ hap^ kau' 'die. Hidh 
kiau ch6, i^ ^ ;^ ^ fu' kau' ^chi ,in. Pu kiau 
chi yen ; to make an application in writing, ^ 
^J^fd, 'se ,shil jk'au f a. Sie shu k'iu t'a; a novel 
application, ^^^ san'kaifat,. Sinkiaifdh; to 
require application, ^^i^ iu' yung' ,sani. Yau 
yung sin ; to require application of strength, ^^ 
^M:^ ,su iu' ^k'an lik,. Sil ydu k'in lib, || ^ 
^ ^ "man 'min tsz' 'ch'i. Min mien tsz shi, ^ 
i^. bJ J^ shf pit, ch'ut, lik,. Shi pieh ch'uh lib ; 
the application of a story, ^P^^^ 'kai ii' ^chi 



'li ; the application of paultice, ^ ^j ap. chuk^. 
Hiah chub. 

Applicative pj" j^ 'ho yung^. K'o yung, -^ ^ hop, 
yung-. Ho yung, j^^ y^ng' tak,. Yung teh, "pf 
:f| 'ho 'chi. K'o dii, "pf ^ 'ho ap,. K'o hikh. 

Applied (as paultice) ^ jj^ ap, kwo'. Hiah kwo; 
ditto as a doctrine, '^j^ fu' kwo'; ditto as the mo- 
ral of a story, f^ ^ 'kai kwo'. Kiai kwo ; ditto as 
one's strength, |i{ jl^ ^ ch'ut. kwo' lik,. Ch'ufit 



kwo lib ; ditto as one's im'nd. 



iiSij):^' yung- kwo* 



sam. Yung kwo sin. 



Applier, one who puts on (as paultice), ^ ^ ap^ 
'che. Hicih die, ^ P^ ^ ap^ ke' jan ; one who 
applies a plaster, '^J ^ "^ ^ 'ta ko y^uk, 'cM. 
Ta kdu yob che, Ifi ^ ^ ^ t'ip, ^ko yeuk; 'che. 
T'ieli kau yob che ; one who applies a doctrine 
to the circumstances of men, i^ ^ :^' fu' kdu" 
'che. Fu kiau die. 

Apply, to, to lay on, ^ ap . Hiah, ^ fu'. Pu, :}7" 
'ta. Ta, ^|5 t'ip,. T'ieli ; to use for a particular 
purpose, ^ j^ dieuk, yung'. Choh yung ; to ap- 
ply colours, ^ wdkj. Hwab, ^ ^ ^miii wak,. 



Miau hwab ; to apply paultice, Jip^ ap, chuk,. 
Hicili chub ; to apply ointment, ^|5^^ t'ip, ^ka 



y^ukj. T ieli kau yob, ^X 



ta ko yduk,. T^ 



kdu yob ; to refer to bim, ^ -fjjJ, 'chi ^t'a, ^ ^ 
man- ^t'a. Wan t'a ; to apply for, ^ ,k'au. K'ili; 
to apply the mind, j^ j\j> yung' ^sam. Yiing sin, 
Tp ^O ^cbtin .sam. Cbuen sin, J|. ^ ,chiin mo*. 
Chuen wu, ^ J\^^ chi' sam. Chi sin, /^ "^ chu' 
i'. Chu i, ;^^ ^yan ^k'an. Yin k'in, ^{^ jCh'ant 
jts'im. Ch'in ts'ien ; to apply the mind in study, 
'^ bok,. Hioh, If ^ tuk, ,sbu. Tuli shu, ^ % 
liok, tsdp,. Hioh sib ;.to npply one's strength, ^ 
;*; ch'ut "lik,. Ch'uh lib, ^'jg.yan ^k'an. Yin 
k'in ; to apply undividedly, ^ — • chiin yat^. 
Cbuen yih ; to apply the car, ■^jji^fi^j^ cliak, ^ 
,i ^t'eng. Tseli rli rh t'ing, '^^■§^^ ,k'ing 'i sai* 
,t'eng. K'ing rh si t'ing ; to apply water (as to 
plants), ^f|^ kiin' k'oi'. Kwan k'ai ; to apply the 
band, ~[C -^ 'b^ 'sliau. Hi^ shau, ^^ pin'. Pien, 
# 'fu. Eli, H 'fu, Fu. 

Apply, to, to suit, \^ -^ tsok, bop,. Tsob hob ; to 
agi-ee, :^^0, ^seung ying'. Siang ying ; to make 
request, ^ 'pan. Pin ; to solicit, ^ ^k'au, |^ ^ 
'ts'eng ^k'au, ^ >jc king' jk'au. King k'iu, ^ ^ 
p6i' jk'au. Pai k'iu. 

Applying, laying on, ^ ap,. Hiah, J^ hip,. Hiah, 
-^ fiV. m, tr 'ta. Ta, 1,5 t'ip,. T'ieh, f^ man-. 
Wan, >jic jk'au. K'iu. 

Appoggiatura, a small note iu music, indicating; 
transition or expression, ^ ^ ship, jam. Sheh 
yin, ^^^^ (ko ^s6 ^shing ^yam. Kau sie shing: 
yin. 

Appoint, to fit, )g teng-. Ting ; to appoint (as the 
emperor) to an office, ^ /ung. Fung ; ditto as 
the people, M 'ii.. Yu, 1^ shau'. Shau, |^ k'ap,. 
Kib ; to appoint a teacher to a private school, ^ 
;3t:^^ 'ts'eng ,sin ^shang kau'. Ts'ing sien sang 



APP 



(74) 



APP 



kiiiu ; to osUiblisli, '§^ j^ cli'it, liip,. Shell lili, ^ 

jjjf clu' hip,. Clii lih ; to ajjpoiiit l)y a;»recment, 

^ ;^ ycuk, teiig'; Yoh tint?, ^ '^ yeuk, shat^. 

Yoh sliih ; to fix a timo, ^^ tong'- ,k'i. Ting k'i, 

'^HM tcng' yat, ^k'i. Ting jih k'i; to appoint 

eac li to his rcsp. duties, f)^^ p'jii' Mi. P'ai li, ^ 

' Mcfanpiitj. Fan poh, ^ JH p'di' chik,. P'di chlh, 

^ M S'^^ p'ai'- i^an V'^i> M. ^ P'''"' '"'ai- I"6i 
wei, ^ ^ ,fan ftlt,. Pan fVili, ^ ,|g ^t'ai tiiV. T'i 

ti4u, ;^^^ p'ai' ,ch'sli sz'. V'i'i ch'ai sz ; to ap- 
point ofRccrs to the several corps of troops, ^ 
p ^1^ p'ai' tuk, tili'. P'ai tuh t/ii, p^'^^ p'ai' 
't'ung'ling. P'di t'ung ling ; to ordain, [^|^ kong' 
•u'. Kiting yu, |i^-^ kong' 'chl. Kidng chi ; to or- 
der, yj 4 cli'ut, ling'. Ch'uh ling, ^j ^ ch'ut, 
mcng'. Ch'uh ming; to appoint a meeting, j^f^ 
^^ ji'i 'ts'eng tsii- iii'. Yau ts'ing tsii hwui, j^ 
iH^^ n'l 'ts'eng ui' 'i. Ydu ts'ing hwui i. 

Appointed, fixed, ^ j^ tcng' kwo'. Ting kwo, §^ 
^ ,fung kwo'. Fung kwo, '^j;^ p'di' kwo'. P'ai 
kwo, il^ iipj- ^^ jii 'ts'eng kwo'. Yau ts'ing kwo; 
appointed by heaven, ^"aj?;^;^ shau^ meng' ^ii 
,t'in. Shau ming yu t'ien; to he appointed, ^^ 
pi^ /ung. Pi fung, f^j^ tak, chik,. Teh chih, ^ 
^•^ shau' jWong meng^ Shau hwdng ming; the 
appointed time, ^ ^k'l. K'i, JgHJ kAi' ,k'i. Kiai 
k'i. 

Appointment, degree, -^ meng'. Ming, -j^-^ meng* 
iing-. Ming ling, || ii'. Yu; to make an appoint- 
ment, ^ i^ teng- jk'i. Ting k'i ; to receive an 
appointment, ^f^: Ig^ ^ tak, chik, fan-, -^ '^* j||^- 
shau* ^kun chik,. Shau kwan chih, iv|- ^ S^^^Sl 
meng-. Fung ming ; to receive the appointment 
«f chief justice, '^^^^'ifj shau- on' ch'jlt. ,sz ' 
^ham. Shau ng^n ch'ali sz han ; by imperial aj)- 
pointment, ^ ^ jam meng^. K'in ming ; to 
purchase an appointment, * Jj^ ^ ^kiin chik,. 
Kiuen chih, ^1^^^^ ,kiin ndp^ chik, faiA 
Kiuen nah chih fan ; appointment of improper 
pei-sons, ^ J^ ^ R A ^iin?' 'kii Ji ^k'i ^yan. 
Kung kii fi k'i jin. 

Apportion, to, to divide and assign in just propor- 
iion, i^ 1^ Jcwan p'ai'. Kiun p'ai, j^ ^ ^kwan 
Jan. Kiun Ian, ]^^ p'ai' ^wan. P'ai yun, ^2p 
^ /an ^p'ing ^Avan. Fan p'ing yun, -g^ ig- ^f ^ 
j^ 'h'a kok, tak, ,k'i fan^ Shi koh teh k'i fan, -^ 
4- A i^ VA" 'pi ^^\ ,ya" c'^^^an ^chim. Pi koh 
jin kiun chen ; to apportion one's time, ^ flA": />fe 
X ,ian jShi tsok, ,kung. Fan shi tsoh kung. 

Apportioned, divided, ^ '^ fan kwo'. Fan kwo ; 
apportioned in equal shares, ^ ^ ji^ sP'ing tan 
kwo'. P'ing fan kwo, je^ ^ j^ ^kwan ,lan kwo'. 
Kiun fan kwo, j^ ]^j^ jl^ ,kwan p'lli' kwo'. Kiun 
p'di kwo. 



* Officers are classod under two heads ; — Those who have pur- 
ekaseJ their lunk or title IhjIoiik to the tH ^» the purchased 
«laiM ; those who have obtained their iqiiHMntineuts by public 
•xajninatioii, belong to the ^\ tff ^, or the merited class. 



Ai)i)ortioning J:!^^ ^kwan ,fan. Kiun Ian. 

Apporfionment, distributing in just proportions, ^ 
^ ^ kwan /an 'ch6. Kiun fan ch6. 

Appose, to put questions, f|{] man'. Wan ; to ex- 
amine, :^f|^ Muiu man*. K'Au wan, ^Jh&\x. K'du, 
^fig ch'at, man-. Ch'dh wan. 

Apposer, an examiner, %^^ 'h4u shf ch^. K'au 
shi cli6, #^^ 'hau kau'^chd. K'du kiii ch6. 

Apposite, fit, '^;a; hop^ ,i. Hoh i, f^-^ liap, hh]}^. 
Kiiih hoh ; well adapted ^ 3^ hup^ shik,. Hoh 
sliih, X^ ,ngdm ; very applicable, i^'^^ ch^uk, 
kwo' jt'au. Clioh kwo t'au, ^ If tsui' /. Tsui i, 
^ ^ tsui' li6p . Tsui hoh, -^ -JJ^ qg shap^ fan 
^ngdm, ^' ;|^ '^ .Ht sham' ^wai hop^ ^i. Shin wci 
I boh i, gg-Mif?f c"Siini kik, lok.. 
I Appositeness, fitness, ^ 5i[ ^ ii6p^ ,i 'ch6. Hoh i 
ch6, '^'^^ 'ho <i 'ch6. K'o i che. 

Apposition, addition, jj)) ^ ki ,t'im. Kiii t'ien • ; 
two nouns denoting the same thing and put in 
the same case, 3^|oI^^|^'fiBl<:;g^ 'leung /'ung 
sh5' jt'ung jlun ^clu ,meng tsz". Liing t'ung su 
t'ung lun chi ming tsz. 

Appraise, to, to estimate the worth of, fjjf§ kii ki'. 
Kii kid, ^^^ teng^ kd'. Ting kia, ^ \% 'i ka'. 1 
kid, f]^ -fit '^^ chik^. Kii chih, ^ -fg 4 chik^. I 
chih, ^f^ 'kong ka'. Kidng kid. 

Appraiser, one mIio values, i^ ^^ 'ku kd' 'ch6. 

Ku kid ch^, *^\^X^ t^"-' ^^' '^'i*^'- '^i"" ^"^ ^1»^- 

Appreciable, that may l)e appreciated, Pf ^ "11= M 
'ho teng* tak, kd.' K'o ting teh kid ; valualile, "^ 
;;^ 'ho chung'. K'o chun!,'. 5]" ^ 'ho kwai'. K'o 
kwei. 

Appreciate, to, to set a value on, ^^ kwai' chung'. 
Kwei chung, j^ ^ hau chiuig*. Hau chung, ^ 
^ king' chung-. King chung, ^^ tsiin chung'. 
Tsun chung, ^^ jg tun chung'. Tun chung ; to 
estimate, i^^^ 'kii chik^. Ku chUi, f^fg 'ki\ kd'. 
Ku kid ; to appreciate one's motives, ^ftSi^.^ 
,chi /'a chi i'. Chi t'ii chi i ; to appreciate kind- 
ness, ^)^ kom ,yan. Kan ngan. 

Appreciated, jjrized, ^ ^ kwai' chung'. Kwoi 
chung, ^ ^ ,king kwai'. King kwei ; he appre- 
ciated his advice, ft ^ j£ #, ;^ ^ M jl^'i king* 
chung* /'d jChi kdu' Ian'. K'i king chung t'd chf 
kidu fan. 

Appreciating, setttinga value on, ^£ king' chimg*. 
King chung. 

Appreciation, a setting a value on, ^ £ ^ ki^g' 
chung* *ch6. King chung che, ^ ^ ,king kwai'. 
King kwei ; a just valuation oJ", ^ ^ ^ <1 (Ch( 
kwai' chung' ^chi. Chi kwei chung chi. 

Apprehend, to seize, }^ yam. K'in, i|t j^d. Nd, 
:g£ chuk. Chub, if! ptV. Pu, $E ^ chuk, .nd. 
Clndi nd, :|f :[)£ \^W chuk,. Pu chub, ^-^ ^k'am 
chu'. K'in chu, i^^^ chuk, chii'. Chub chii. ^ 
^ ,nd chu'. Nd clu'i, i^ j^ chap, chir, ^ wok,. 

• '^^<1M ""»' <■»». <il»l M't- Wan fth chS ts'i, |$>6^^ 
PeU>r the Great, ftl] the Great ^ Peter ^ Apposition. 



APP 



(75) 



APP 



Hwoh; to seavch and apprelieud, ^^ ^ 'sau ^iiii. \ hav p'a'. Shih hi p'a ; inclined to betlive, fj^ ^ 
Sau na; to pureue and apprehend, |q: ^ ts'apj H|J; 'ku hai" 'kom. Ku hi kdn, '|*^-J^ p'a'hai'. P'a 
jUa. Tsih na ; to surround and apprehend, [§ ^ In. 

jWai jUa. Wei na ; to intercept and apprehend, | Apprehensively, in an apprehensive manner, f j^ 
^1^ ,tau ,k'am. Tau k'in; to apprehend thieves, j -liu <in. Lidu jen, ^,^ 'hiii ^In. Hiau jen. 



^' * pan" on', 



Pan ngan ; to conceive in the . Apprehensiveness, readiness to understand. 



mind, to think, ,g. >g ,sz 'seung. Sz siang, f^ 
'ku. Ku ; to undei-stand, ^ ^ J^^^^S V^K- ^iug 
peh, y ^ -liii ,in. Liau jen, ^ ^ c^'^^^n tat,. 
T'ung tah, >j^% 'tung tak,. Tung teh, }^% 1ii^ 
tak,. Hiau teh; fear, j^'|^ 'hung p'a'. K'ung 
p'a, f^ fH 'hung kii". K'ung kii, ^'|!^ wai' tan". 
Wei tan ; seize him, :^ ^ fg jUa chvr 'k'ti. 
Apprehended, seized, |^ jj^ .k'am kwo'. K'in kwo, 
:g£ ^^ chuk^ kwo'. Chuh kwo, ^ j^^ ,nd kwo'. 
N^ kwo, :}:f >|1 po- kwo'. Pii kwo, ^ -^ chap, 
kwo'. Chih kwo, ^ ^ * * ^na wok,. Isa hwoh, 
^^ chuk, wok,. Chuh Jiwoh, J^lS .k'arn wok.. 



m .ts'ung wai\ 



^ts'ung jming. Ts'ung ming, 
Ts'ung hwui, 'S^ ^ ^ts'ung -man. Ts'ung min, 
^ ^ ^ 'hb ^t'in ftin-. Hdu t'ien fan, $f ^ ff 
'ho ^tsz chatj. Hau tsz chih ; fearfulness, f|| 'j^ 
kir p'a'. Ku p'a. 
Apprentice, one who is bound by covenant to seiTe 
a mechanic with a view to learn his art &c., ^^ 
« ,t'5 tai^ T'li ti, ^X.^^ hok, ^kung ,t'6 tai'. 
Hioh kung t'u ti ; to follow a master in a certain 
profession, t^j^ijj .t'au ^sz. T'au sz, ^$ijj hok, ^sz. 
Hioh sz, ^ f^ pdi' jmiin. Pai mun, ^ |gj|j pdi' 
sz. Pai sz. 



K'in hwoh, :j^ 
apprehended. 



p6' wok^. Pu hwoh ; to have , Apprentice, to, :\^ gj]} .t'au ^sz, T'au sz, ^1 jgjg pai' 
gl jiA 'to. Nd tau, :^ ^ ,nd sz. Pai sz. 



I kin" chuh tau. 



ch^uky Na choh, S IM ^ '^J '^ M^S chuk, 'to. j Apprenticeship, the time for Avhich an apprentice is 

bound to serve his master, ^ ^jjj [J^ ^ hok, ^sz 
Jian- jk'i. Hioh sz hien k'i : the state in which a 
person is gaining instruction imder a master, ^ 
^ Z Mi"^ liok, tai' ^chi 'king ti'. Hioh ti chl 
king ti. 
Appricot ^^ jWong ^mui. Hwdng mei. 



Apprehender ^^^ ^k'am ^nd 'cli6. K'in na che. 

Apprehending, seizing, jj^ ^ jk'am cliii". K'in chu, 
^>^ ^nachii-. Ndchu; imagining, f^ 'ku. Ku; 
fearing, '|^ p'a\ P'a. 

Apprehensible, that may be conceived, pj" f}^ 'ho 
^ming. K'o ming, pj" ^ 'ho 'tung. K'o txmg, pf 
^ 'ho 'hill. K'oliidu. 

Apprehension, the act of seizing, |^^ ,k'am ^nd. 
K'in n-k, |j£ :^ ^ chuk, jia 'che. Chuh na che, 
Y^ chap, p6" 'che. Chih pii ch<5 ; conception, 
,ii|, i' sz'. I sz, ,g,?^ ^sz 'seung. Sz siang*; fear, 
^ fH 'hung kir. K'lmg kii, ^ '|^ ,keng hip^. 
King kieh, ^^?^ jWong 'hung. Ilwdng k'ung, -^ 
^ wai' kii'. Wei kLi ; uneasiness of mind, i^ \i2 
/ong jinong. Hwdng mang ; to be under great 
apprehensions, + ^ 'Il5 shap, ^fan p'd'. Shih fan 
p'd, 1^ # '^ p'a' tak, tsai', % il bJ p'd' kwo' 
/au. P'd kwo t'au, 'j*|^^^ p'd' ,kau ^kwdn. P'd 
"kidu kwdn, ^^^ p'd' kwo' shai'. P'd kwo shi, 
'If f Ij M ^ p'd' to' jno <nga. P'd tau ^vii yd, :g 

Shin wei wei kii ; 






m 



sham" jWai wai' kii'. 



according to my apprehension, B3^ ^ ,^ ^ chiu' 
■ngo 1' kin'. Chdu avo i kien, to be of quick ap- 
prehension, ^f|§ jling 'sing. Ling sing. 
Apprehensive, quick to understand, ^'^ ^ling 'sing. 
Ling sing, |g ^ <ts'ung ^ming. Ts'ung mmg, ^ 
^ jlingTnan. Ling min; in expectation of evil, ^ 
fi 'hung kii-. K'ung kii, \^^ kii" p'a'. Kii p'a, 
:^|i wai' kii'. Wei kii, ^^ wai' tdn^ Wei tdn, 
1^ ^ ,shing 'hung. Ching k'ung, -^ -j^ '|>|^ shat, 

* This term is used by Government otiicials when they are de- 
puted to apprehend thieves or investigate a criminal case. 

* * ^^gj-pic^^ &c. should never be used in the present tense. 

Though there are some teachers who assert that ^/c ^g &c. 
means, " to seize, " they have hardly any authority to appeal 
to but the common people. It is very desirable that this dis- 
tinction he made by European scholars. 



Apprise, to, to inlbrm, ^^^ po' ^chi. Pd chf , -^^ 
ko' jChi. Kdu chi, "^^H Avd- ^chi. Hwi chi. 

Apprised, informed, ^^ ^ jjS po' ^chl kwo'. Pii chi 
kwo, ^ )^ ko' kwo'. Kdu kwo, f^ jj^ ^^^•d' kwo'. 
Hwd kwo. 

Apprising, informing, f g^ po' ,chi, ^^ wd" ^chi. 
Hwd chi, jg ^ tdt, ^chi. Tdh chi, jg ^ ^t'ung 
^chi. T'ung chi. 

Apprize, to, to value, fj^ ^ 'ku kd'. Kii kid, ^ fg 
teng' kd'. Ting kia. 

Apprized i^i^^ 'kd kwo' kd'. Ku kwo kid, '^^^ 
^ teng^ kwo' kd'. Ting kwo kid. 

Apprizement f^ '^ 'ku kd' ; the i-ate at which a 
thing is valued, ^ ■^ shat, kd'. Shih kid. 

Apprizer, a person appointed to mte, i^ ^ ^ ^^^ 
kd' 'che, fefi"^ 'ku ka' ,kiin. Ku kid kwdn. 

Apprizing, the act of valuing under authority, fjj 
^ 'kd kd'. Ku kia. 

Approach, to come or go near, ^ jg; tsau' kan^. 
Tsiu kin, -^jg; hii' kan'. K'ii kin, 3R jg; <loi kan'. 
Ldi kin, ^^ Jam kan'-. Lin kin, ^^ fu' kan". 
Fu kin, ig; ^ kan^ ^ts'in. Kin Ts'ien, fif.J- ^ fd" 
kan-. Pu kin, ^ ^ ^ts'an kan'. Ts'in kin, J^C iE 
'ts'ii kan'. Ts'ii kin, tT*£ M^^o kan". Hang kin; 
to approximate, jg; -^ kan' ^s'z. Klin sz, ^ '^ 
lui" 'ts'z. Luisz, _tl7^ sh(5ung- hd', 0ig; ,ts6ung 
kan'- ; to approach Confucius, ^'^^^ ^^ y^ 
'Hung 'tsz. Ki yd K'lmg tsz; to approach a sage, 
^ ^ ^ A. y^ k'^P) shing' ,yan. Ki kih shing 
jin ; to draw near to God, l^'fc >£ -t 'r^ ^sau' kan' 

* In Cant. Colloquial read ^ 'tai. 



APP 



(76) 



APP 



Sh^ung^ tai'. Tsiu kin Slidng ti; to approach near 
to the ori!,'inal, ^ ySl "^ ^ ,tseung kan^ li5pj 
shik,. Tsiiing kin lioh shih ; do not approach bad 
people, P§^Tj5;/Ji A i^ ^^" ^^^'^ '^j" <y^"' M'^h 
A fa i^'^ ^^^^ i}'^^ '^'"^- ^^i si^u jin t'di ; time 
approaches, B$ H M'^Si fi^^^ 7^^i ,ts<^ung kan^ Shi 
jih t8i6,ng kin, H$ j^jfi: ^^^^i yat^ pik, kan^ Shi 
jih pih kin ; to approach (in character and senti- 
ment) the wicked, jrfc ^ |K A V^' c^^^^ f^ jy^^- 
Pi chi fi jin ; to a^jpi-oacli death, ^jfi;^ ^tseung 
kan^ 'sz. Tsidng kin sz, |^^ jlam 'sz. Lin sz ; to 
cause to approach, ^ j^ jlung kan'. Lung kin. 

Approach, to, to liave access carnally, ^ ■^ 'kau 
hop,. Kau lioh. 

Approach, the act of drawing near, ^j}£ tsau^ kan^ 
Tsiu kin, ^ j^ i'u' kan'. Fu kin ; access, as, the 
approach of kings, ^ ^ ^p ^ "^fe l<an^ ,t'an 'tsz 
,ohi ,kwong. Kin t'ien tsz chi kwang, jjt M '^ 
kan^ jWong tai'. Kin hwdng ti ; the approach of 
the enemy, jgi^'liijf M tik, c^^an ,ts6ung chi'. Tih 
kiun tsiang chi ; approaches, ^ ^ ^ ^ J kan' 
p'au' jt'oi. I kin p'siu t'4i ; a path leading to a 
house, :^ king'. King ; ditto a covered approach, 
1^^ jam king'. Yin king. 

Approachable of^jfi; 'ho tsau^ kan\ K'o tsiu kin, 
^r^jfii 'ho fiV kan'. K'o fi'i kin ; accessible, -^ 
4$lJ bii' tak, t6'. K'ii teh tau, "^^ifi; 'lio tsau' 
kan^ K'o tsiu kin, pf ^Ij 'ho tb'. K'o tdu. 

Approaeher ^JSi^ ^sau' kan- 'che. Tsiu kin ch6, 
Mlik^ fu' kan- 'che. Eu kin die. 

Approaching, drawing nearer, l^ftj^; tsau^ kan^ Tsiu 
kin ; to be near or approaching, ^ 'i. lib. 

Approachless ^ ^ 1^ JSl. V^U '^^^ tsau' kan'. Pub 
k'o tsiu kin, \i^M^^^ jn tsau' tak, kan^ Z- H^ 
I9fc >&. P*^5 j^ang tsau' kan'. Pub lumg tsiii kin, : 
ll&*#5lj .mWtak,t6'. I 

Approbate, to express approbation, ^ ^ ^ch'ing! 
shin^ Ch'ingshcn,3|||^f ^ch'ing'bo. Cb'inghjlu. j 

A))probation, the act of ajiproving, 1^ ^ ^ch'ing 
shin^ Ch'ingshen, jifljlj ^cb'ing'ho. Cli'inglulu, 
p|l "^ ^chung i'. Chung i, ^ ^^ l<>"g' ^'- Tang i, i 
Hob i ; consent, ^ 'chun. Chun, I 



^ 




^ j^ 'wan Vhun. Yun chun, ^ ^ 



Yun nob, yt^ Svan yun^ Yun yiien, 



Hvan nok,. 

iiyfcyi"^' 
Svan. Ying yun ; to meet with entire approba- 
tion, :^. ^ ^ sham' ,cb'ing shinS 1^ ^r^ # 
sham' shi' jk'i jin. Shin shi k'i yen, -\^ 'f^ f^ } 
shapj ^fan ^chung i'. Shih fan chung i> ^ '^ 
sham' li6p^ i'. Sliin boli i ; to meet with appro- 
bation, ^jijp tsdn' lu'). Ts<ln hku, ^^ tsAn' 'mi. 
Tstln wi. 

Approbator ^^3|f- /'h'ing shin' 'clie. Ch'ing shen 
c]\6. 

Appropriable, that may be appro}>riale(l, Mf;^tl)l? 
'lio ,wai 'ki yung'. K'o wei ki yung, 'iif i^jklk- 
'ho jwai *ngo 'shai. K'o wei wo shi, P[ >^ if^ Jfl 
'ho jWai 'ngo yung'. K'o wei wo yung. 

Appropriate, to set apart for, ^ P^ piit^ Jioi. Poh 
k'^i, U In <«'>t, k'ap,. EWi kih, ^ Jtj ,chi ch'ut,. 



Chi di'ub, ^lit .tseung 't-s'z. Tsiiing ts'z ; to ap- 
pn>priate to one's self, jj^^g^^ ^ts(5ung jWai 'ki 
yung'. Tsidng wei ki yung ; to set apart for a 
certain object, j^j^ ,cbi yung'. Chi yung, f^|| 
R^ }^ put^ Jioi ^lai yung'. Poh k'^i lai yung ; to 
api)rorpiate without license, ^J^ sit 'ts'ii. Tsieh 
ts'ii ; to appropriate forcibly, j^ ^yeung. Y&ag ; 
to apj)ropriate a name, ^ ^ tsz' ^ch'ing. Tsz 
ch'ing. 

A))propriate, most suitable, ^ ch^iik,. Chob, -^^ 
hopj shik,. Hob shih, ^ cfj shik^ chung. Shih 
chung, f^pf bap, 'ho. Kiah k'o, ^^ l»6p^ 'h6. 
Hob luiu, ^'^ hop, ,J. Uoli i, Ig^ sliik, yung'. 
Shih yung, ^- ^ ebeuk, 'sliai. Cboii shi, ^ ^ 
cheuk, yung'. Chob yung, gg^ ,ngam, "^^ S jU. 
i hu, -^ ^ lu^jp, H. Hob i; an appropriate ex- 
pression, H |i«) shin' ,ts'z. Shen ts'z. 

Appropi'iated ^ "i^ put^ kAvo'. Poh kwo, |§ ^^g fit, 
kwo'. FAb kwo, m& ^ iat, k'ap, kwo'. Fdh 
kill kwo, -^^-^ <cbi k'ap, kwo'. Clii kih kwo, 
^M® ,chi yung- kwo'. Chi jiuig kwo. 

Approi)riately IC ,^ ,i ,in. 1 jen, ^ Af^ ^ying ,in. 
Ying yen, '^ f^ ^tong ^in. Ting yen, ^ shin'. 
Shen. 

Appropriateness, ])eculiar fitness, ^"^ hop^ ^i. Hoh 
i, ■^'^ bop, shik,. lioh shih. 

Ap])ropriation, a]>]>li«ition to a special pui-pose, ||^ 
1^ ^ Jfi put, ,kwai 'man yung'. Poh kwei mau 

yung, :i gu ^ ffl c^'l'i <kwai 'j«^u y""?"- Chi 
kwei mau yung; appi-ojn-iatiou for one's own use, 
:^ ^? B )H <<-1'> kwai 'ki yung'. Chi kwei ki 
yung, j^ila jfl 'i jwai 'ki yung-'. I wei ki yung; 
the* a])pro])ria1ion of funds for the building of 

shiin clii vuiij''. Poh vin wei cbwauij ch'uen 
chi yung; the ap])ro])nation of fumls for tlie con- 
struction of a fortification, |^ |^ i^ ^ flS It 
k'ap, fat <ugan leung cbuk, p'au' ,t'oi. Kih {Ah 
yin liiing chub p'iui t'jii;jthe money appn»priat*'d, 
Mf){j<:ii 1>"^ >«' A^ s"ija»- I'oli k'/ii chi yin, 
%\h^ ^Ji .*■''» <">''"t ,^••'1 ."JT'"'- t'hi ch'uh chi 
yin. ^ui^Zi)^ k'ap, fdt, .chi ^ngan. Kih fah chi 
yin, ^lu;^^ clii k'ap, ;chi ^ngan. Chi kih chi 
yin ; to decide on the appi"opriation for a special 
obj(>ct, m ^t ^ ffl 'i ,kwai 'man yung*. I kwei 
mau yung. 

Ap])r()pnator, one who appropriates, |^ |^ ^ pAt^ 
hoi 'ch6. Poh k'ki che, ^ |$ ^ kap, flit, 'eh<^. 
Kill Rib che ; one who is ])ossessed of an appro- 
jiriated IxMiefice, ^ 4^ ^ 'iu'ung ,kung 'ch'6n. 
iliiing kuiig ciriin, ^^i/:^^ ,on heung kuntr 
'ch'An. NgAn hiang kung eb'iin. 

ApproAxble. that merits apj)n)bation, Pf 3f|| ^ 'ho 
/•b'ing shin'. K'o ch'ing shen, Pf ^^ 'ho ts&n' 
'mi. K'o tsan wi. 

Ajiproval ]^^ g^ <yi"?r ''"• Ying hil. 

Approve, to, to l)o pleased Avith, ^ "hi. Hi, PJI ^ 
.chun?? i'. Chung i, ^ |P hbp i'. lioh i, flg 



."f?«'»m, t .t t«»?«' «'• ''''^"i-' «• Is f : ^'"'''"S ^' 



APP 



(77) 



APT 



Ch'ing i, j|5< ^^ siii' i\ Sui i, :g '|^ 'hi iit,. Hi 
yueh, ^ ;g. /lin 'hi. Hwan hi ; to approve of 
goodness, isl i| 'hi shin^ Hi shen ; to sanction, 
as the emperor, ^^^ jam. 'chun. K'in chun, ]^^ 
^ ^yan 'chun, Ngan chun, J^ ^ 'chun tsau'. 
Chun tsau, ^}i^ j'ai 'chun. P'i chun; ditto as 
a mandarin, ^ '^l 'chun 'pan. Chun pin, ;y{' ^ 
,p'ai 'chun. P'i chun, y^i ?^ '^^^'^ 'chun. Yun 
chun, g^ ^ 'hu Van. Hii yun, -^ ^ ir Svan. 
Yu yun ; do you approve of my conduct? ^ ^ 
^ ^ '?? 'I'SO 'sho jhang shi' 'fau. Wo so hang 
Shi fau, -ff, il lln ^ # P§ * PJS -ni kin' 'ngo 
^ang ,v,ai cheuk^ ^m cheuk, ni; to approve one's 
self, ^ ^ shin- hang". Shen hing, ^\ ^^^ 
tsz^ 'piu shin' hang^. Tsz piau shen hing. 

Approved, having the approbation of, ^ ^ hop^ 
cheuk^. Hoh choh, g'f ^ 'hii chduk^. Hii choh, 
i^ yt ^^^^ Van. Hll yun, ^ ^ngam, ^ ch6uk,. 
Choh, ^ \^ 'hi i\t^. Hi yueh. 

Approvement, approbation, ^ ngam ; to confess a 
crime and appeal for pardon, f^, f^ >tc f^ yan" 
(ying^) tsui" ^k'au she'. Jin tsui k'iu shie, i[p}^ 
5Jc ;%, (^chiu. kwo' jk'au 'min. Chau kwo k'iii 
mien ; improvement of common lands, ^ J^ ^hoi 
fong. K'ai hwang. 

Approver, one who approves, 3|^ ^ ^ ^ch'ing shin' 
'ch6. Ch'ing shen che ; one who confesses a crime 
and accuses another, |g M^i'^^ J^^^ (ying") 
kwo' tsui^ ^t'a 'ch6. Jin kwo tsui t'a cli6. 

Approving, giving approbation, ^ ^ ^ch'ing shin'. 
Ch'ing shen, =^ 'hii. Hii, j^ 'chun ; expressing 
approbation, ^gf ^ch'ing 'hii. Ch'ing hii ; liking, 
4 'hi. Hi. 

Approximate, near, jg; kan^ Kin, ^ 'i. I, (see 
Proximate.) 

Approximate, to cause to approach, ^ij£ jlung kan'. 
Lung kin, ^ jg; ^hin kan\ K'ien kin, ^| j^ -yan 
kan". Yin kin, ^ >f^ kan- 'i. Kin i ; to advance 

near, j^jg: ^^^^^^ ^^^^- '^^^^ ^^^> Mi jE <ts'iii kan'. 

Ts'ien kin, ^jg; pik, kan'. Pih kin. 
Approximate, to come near, |^ tsau'. Tsiii, ^ ^ 

tsau- kan^ Tsiii kin, -^jg; Im' kan^ Hii kin, :^ 

^ ,di kan'. Yai kin, ^ 'Jg; .mai kan'. Mai kin, 

# ig; i kan^ I kin, pjtj jfi: fii' kan^ Fii kin, ^ 

ig: H kan^ I kin, ^^f ^i p'ong^ I p'^ng. 
Approximating, advancing near, ^ tsau'. Tsiu, ^ 

^ tsau' kan'. Tsiu kin ; causing to approach, 

W. y&. i^^^S kan\ Lung kin. 
Approximation, approach, g| tsau'. Tsiu, '^ jg; 

jts'in kan^ Ts'ien kin, ^-^ fir kan^ Pu kin, ^ 

^ fii- kan^ Fu kin, Ij^jg; ^ts'an kan^ Ts'in kin, 

la ^ ^ts'an chek,. Ts'in chih, j|Jr jg: tsim' kan'. 

Tsien kin ; communication of disease, ^ ^ 'im 

peng*. Yen ping. 
Approximative, that approaches, tl^jg; ,ts6ungkan-, 

jg; kan'. Kin, _H "7^ sheung^ hd\ Sliang hid. 
Appulse, the act of striking against, '/t\t :fg ^ch'ung 

chong^. Ch'ung chwang, :J^ ^ chong* cheuk,. 

Chwdng choh. 



Appurtenance *, that which belongs to something 
else, ^ ^^ shukj mat^. Shuh wuh, j^ j^ ^ka 'fo. 
Kia ho. 

Appurtenant, belonging to, J§ shukj. Shuh, |^ 
jkwan. Kwdn. 

Apricot ^f ^ jWong ^mui. Hwang mei, ^^ hang^ 
^mui. Hang mei, y^.:i|'^^ jVeung ^t'6. Yang t'au, 
^ ^i ^tung ^t'6. Tung t"%u, |§- t|fe jeung ^t'6. 
Yang t'^u, 0;^ t^^ <l^"^^g tsz ^t'o. Kaug tsz t'au. 

April ^ \ ^i ^^ H /^^^^ cy^" t^i' sz' iit,. Pan jin 
ti sz yueh,' j^yf (^^j-) >J ;g .sai <y<5ung sz' iit^ ,meng. 
Si yang sz yueh ming, |Jlj g [JtJ f\ ;g ^sai kwok^ 
sz' iit, jneng. Si kwoh sz yueh ming. 

Aprii-fobi #i(q ^ ^g]-- H ^ p W t S-^'^ ''' ^\ 

jCh'o yatj yat, shau" 'mo lun^ 'che. Pan sz yueh 
ts'ii yih jib shau wu hmg ch6. 

Apriori i|j ^t tsui' ^sin. Tsui sien ; reasoning a 
priori, || Ji Z 3l 1i ,k'ung ^ ^chi chi' kik^. 
K'ung li chi chi kih. 

Apron (J)^ UJi jWai ^kw'an. Wei kw'an ; an embroi- 
dered silk apron worn by officers, ^ |^ ^ch'iu 
jkw'an. Ch'siu kw'an; apron, a ship's, si ^ ,t'au 
'cham. T'au chin; the entrance platform of a 
dock, (^l (inf Ijillll c^hiin hu' ^ts'in ^ts'^ung min'. 
Ch'uen vau ts'ien ts'ising mien ; other names for 
apron are, [f| |^ ^wai ^kw'an. Wei kw'an, ^ g 
rjl pun' ,wai ^kan. Pwan wei kin, fl|t B^ ^ P^^' 
sat, ^i. Pi sih i, ^f f^ kwa' ^tong. Kwa tang, ^^ 
jwai. Wei, iji;)^ /u. Eu, ^ kung'. Kung. 

Apron-man, a mechanic, X A t^^^o .J^"- Kung 
jin. In China waiting-maids are called apron- 
legged-maids, fg'jlll^j. ^kw'an k^uk, ^mui. Kw'an' 
kioh mei. 

Apron-string ||^ ^ ^kw'an tdi'. Kw'an tdi. 

Apropos (apropo) HpJ, ^ ^ ^o, "yau sz^ 

Apt, fitted to some use, ^ j^ ch^uk, yung\ Choh 
yung, eg 1^ ngam 'shai, ^ jl hop^ yun^. Hob 
yung, -^'Ki hop, ,i. Hoh i; apt remark, |j^f^-^ 
shiit, tak, hoj),. Si)woh teh hoh, U(^^ wa'tak, 
ch^uk,. Hwa teh choh; tendency, '|^ fai'. Kw'ai, 
^ f. i ; apt to get angiy, ^ 4 ^ i' .shang hi'. 
I sang k'i, ^^ ,^. f no^ I mi, iO 'i^i^ll'n 'li6 fai' 
'fan mIn^ Hau kw'ai fan mien, — |ii|i. )^ |^ yat, 
chan' tsau' ^nau. Yih chin tsiii niau ; apt to get 
mouldy, ^^ ^ ^ i^ ^shang jmiii. I sang mei ; fit 
or qualified for, fg ,nang. Nang, ■■{^ tak,, f^ ffdj 
jling If. Ling li, ^ shin'. Shen ; apt to teach, 
# i^ i^ f l| sliin- -i kau' fan'. Shen i kidu hiun, 
§ff |(jf kau' tak, 'ho. Kiau teh hau, #tt# f^, 
^ts'un jts'un shin^ "y^u. Siun siun shen yii; quick, 
;^ ^fai' 'shau. Kw'ai shau, ^ ^ 'man tsit^. 
Min tsieh; apt to get drunk, |I§'v@ shi"tsau. Shi 
tsiii; apt to forgive, ^,^ ^yan ^fiin. Ngan kwan, 
^ ^ df^ /'"^ ^^^'^' tik,. Kwan shii tih ; a])t to be 
merry, jtf'j^^!§ hb fai' lok,. Hau kw'ai loh; apt 
to be anxious, ^- ^'^'l^;^ shin^ ^ii ,wai nim\ Shen 
yu hwai nien, ^'|^ shin' ^wai. Shen hwai. 



^mzm.> y^M'^^mM m-n. 



renances. 



APT 



(78) 



AEB 



Aptci-a, insf'ots without wings, ^IA^,J^^ jinb yik, 
chi /'li'ung. Wu yih cbi cli'ung. 

Aptoroi ^it^'t^^^^tuk, ^ts'In hau* >u 
^t'in. jt'oi ,chl uk, ^u. Tuh ts'ien hau yd t'ien t'di 
chi uh yu. 

Apterous iff^,|^»J 5in6 yik^ tik,. Wu yih tih. 

Aptitude ]^ li}] ^ts'ung jining. Ts'ung ming, ^ |g[ 
^ts'ung wai^ Ts'ung hwui, f^^J ^ling 11'. Ling II. 
M ^ s^'"o ^man. Ling min, '^ -^ ftii' 'shau. 
Kw'ai shau, jfp ^ miii^ "^shau. Miau shau, X^ -^ 
'hAu 'shau. K'islu shau, ^ ^ ^ 'h6 'shau shai\ 
HAu shau shI, ^ ^ shukj 'shau. Shuh sliau; in- 
clination, (^ shi'. Shi, jif- h(V. Ildu. 

Aptly, properly, IC j^ ^l ^in. 1 jon, ^ ^ ,tong ^in. 
Tang jcn, ^ ch6uk . Choh, ^M^M shin- , in. Shen 



jcn, ^-^ 't'o tong'. 



T'o tAng, 



Aptness, fitness, ^ h6pj. Iloh, ^ chduk,. Choh, 
f^f^J ^ling li-. Ling li, ^^^ ,ts'ung Avai^ Ts'ung 
hwui ; tendency, ^ i'. 1, '|;|^ lai'. Kw'ai ; inclina- 
tion, Jtf ho'. Hdu, Hi shf . Shi. 

Aptoto, an indeclinable noun, f^^^JC ^ ^ ^ 
^rnh jkang 'koi ^chi ^meng tsz\ Wu kang kdi chi 
ming tsz. 

Aqua tJc 'shui. Shwui. 

Aqua fortis V^ ^ ,siu ts'6.' Sidu ts'u. 

Aqua maiina ^^ ^{ luk^ yuk^. Luh yuli. 

Aqua vitac 'j?^ v|g ^shiii 'tsau. Shau tsiu. 

Aquarium HJ '^ ^iin jCh'i. Yuen ch'i. 

Aquarius ^^ ^nii (Sing. Nii sing. 

Aquatic, pertaining to water, -^f^ij 'shui tik,. Shwiii 
tih, tJC"^ 'shui ke' ; applied to animals wliich live 
in water, ^^7fCf|\f ,shang ^ii 'shui tik,. Sang yti 
shwui tih, J^t^^l'^ ,shang ^ii 'shui W, J^ y^ 
^ shukj 'shui 'ch6. Shuh shwni ch6 ; aquatic 
grasses, (Rush), ^ 'wai. Wei ; aquatic plants, 
TJC ^ 'shui ts'oi'. Shwui ts'M ; aquatic fruit, ^Jc 
f^ 'shui 'kwo. Shwui ko ; aquatic animals y^ ^ 
"'shui ch' Ilk,. Shwui ch'uh, ^ chi^ Chi; aqua- 
tic birds, 7J^ ,1^ 'shui 'niu. Shwui nidu. 

Aqueduct j^ ^kau. Kau, /^'^ ,kau jk'ii. Kan k'ii ; 
a covered aqueduct, Hg ^ ^m' jl^'ii- Ngdn k'u, 

P^ ^ cX"'" i^'"^' ^'i" ^'^^' Pi^ M <ya"^ c^^ai^- Yin 
kau; ditto an uncovered, fj^^ j'^ing ,k'u. Ming 

k'u, Ig^ ;^fi| jy*^""8 r^^"- Y^"S kau, iji; p ,hdng 
jk'ii. Kang k'ii ; a conduit for letting oft' the wa- 
ter from a pond, ditch &e., ^ tau^ Tau; aque- 
ducts made of bamboo, 't^;i!fc^ chuk, 'shui jt'ung. 
Chuh shwui t'ung, jjiljSJ j^^" st'ung. Lien t'ung; 
a large open ditcli, ^^ p»fc i/O tdi' 'shui ,hdng. Tk 
shwui kang ; a gutter, ^ :j§ 'shui jts'5. Shwui 
ts'au. 

Aqueous, watery, ^ pjc <^'|4 shuk^ 'shui ,chi sing'. 
Shuh shwui chi sing, ^-^vi^ shuk, 'shui k6', ^ 
shui; aqueous humor in the eye, HlU/J^^fC ^ng^ 
jfong ,ehi 'shui. Yen fdng chi shwui. 

Aquiform ^^^ 'shui ^ch( ,yin<,'. Shwui chi hing. 

Aquila, the eagle, ^|p{|| ^shan jing. Sliin ying. 

Aquiline |l|| j^ \\i} ,slian ,ying tik,. Shin ying tih, 
jfiljl J[^ P(5t jshau jiug k«i'. Shin ying tih ; hooked, 



tll^ M^ ^^ i^ y^^n tsui ^chl ,lun. Ju ying 

tsui chi liuen, ^Q /|| 1^ p^" ^ jii ^ying 'tsui k6m' 

jliin; an aquiline nose, ^Jl^^^ ,ang ^ko pi^ Ying 

ko pi, '^ ^ ^kau pi^ Kau pi. 
Aquilon :\[^ ^ pak, /ung. Peh fung. 
A. R. anno regni, the year of the king's reign, J 

^ jWong jUin. Wdng nien ; in the year of ths 

king's reign, J ^ [S] jWong ^nln ,kdn. Wdng 

nien kien. 
Arab, an, »{}« !!)}!'] fQX Aldpdk jyan. Aldpeh jin. 
Arabesque, * in the manner of the Arabians (or Ma- 

homedans), SiPi^'lffi A^^lS ^^^P^k j&n ^chi 

wdn^ wk^ Aldpeh jin chi hwdn hwd, :^'J ^ w6n' 

wd^ 
Arabia ^R^'ijfj^^ Aldpfik kwok,. Aldpeh kwoh. 
Arabian, an, jjji pjjjij fj^ \ Aldpak ,yan. Aldpeh jin ; 

Arabian Nights, ^'^^^^ 'kong'kii ^chi ^shu 

^meng. Kidng ku chi shu ming. 
Arabic t^ p|ij (| ^ij Aldpak tik,. Alfxpeh tih, ^ ^ 

-fj^U Aldpfik wd^ AUipeh hwd. 
Arable, fit for ploughing or tillage, Pf [h^ ^. ^ ^ 

'ho ^hoi 'ban ^chi ti-. K'o k'di k'an chi ti, pj hon'. 

Han; land under cultivation, ^ ^t'in. T'ien. 
Ai-achis, ground-nut, :^ ^ ^fd ^shang. Hwii sang, 

itb ^ ti' tau\ Ti tau, i^ ,@, ^ ,86ung .sz f au'. 

Sidng sz tau, ^ ^^ ,ch'6ung ^shang 'kwo. 



Cli'dng sang ko. 



Arachnida, a term applied to spiders, scorpions &c., 

m^'MM^^mzm s^'^m .w ch-di^mi 

ch'ung 'tang lui' ^chi ^ch'ing. K'in Iku, ch'di wl 



ch'ung tang lui chi ch'ing. 



Araign 



, I the branch of a mine, i^MbW^S s^dng tf 

Arrain, ) jlui p'du'. Hung ti lui p'du. 

Arbiter, umpire, ^ ^ ^ 'ping ^kung 'ch6. Ping 
kung che, }gf^\ZA '^^^'^^ tiin' .chi ^an. Ch'A 
twdn chi jin, ^Pjf:^ A S^^ ^^^' <^^^ J'"'^- ^^^ 
twdn chi jin, llff ^:^ tiin' sz' 'ch6. Twdn sz ch6, 
^ff^^A*"!^' tsung' ,chi ^yan. Twdn sung chi 
jin, ^Jl^:^ p'un' tsung* 'che. Pw'an sung ch6 ; 
ruler, ±/j^^ 'chii chi' 'cU. Chd chi che. 

Arbitrable § ± I^ tsz' 'chu tik,. Tsz chu tih. 

Arbitrage, see Arl)it ration. 

Arbitrament, decision, ^^.:^ tiin' sz' 'ch6. TwAn 
sz ch6., l)k^^ kiit, tiin' 'ch6. Kiueh twdn ch6. 

Arbitrarily, by will only, ^ shin'. Shen, ^ ^ HG 
^ shin' tsz' ji jhang. Shen t«z rh hang, -fi^flS 
fX yam' sing' ^i ^hang. Jin sing rh hang, ^ ^ 
fjf^ ^ sut, sing' ji jhang. Suh sing rh hang ; ca- 
priciously, ;f;^r/n ff pat, f^it, ji jhang. Puh f^ 
rh hang, ^f^ifijtr f""?:' ts'z' ^i ,hang. FAngts'R 
rh hang, i^^'^l^ fong' ^mdn ^lai t.s(V ; despoti- 

H^ jhang ycuk^ clung'. Hang nioh (yob) ching, 
J^7^j^ jhang^ho ching'. llang ho ching. 



ARB 



(79) 



ARC 



Arbitrariness, tyranny, j^ jj^ y^nlc, ching\ Yoh 

ching. 
Arbitrary, depending on will or discretion, Q ^^^ 
tsz' 'chii tik,, Tsz chu tih, fi ^^ ^^ yam- i' tik,. 
Jin i tih ; absolute in power, ^i^^ tuk, 'chii 
,chl jk'iin. Tuli chu chi k'iuen, ^ ^ ;^ t|| tuk, 
,ts'o ^chl jk'iin. Tuli ts'^u chi k'iuen ; unlimited, 
^ |5^ ^mo han'. Wii hien ; tyrannical, ^ f^ f{^ 
p6' yeiik, tik^. Pau yoh tih, -^ ^j ^{j ^ho hak^ 
tik^. Ho k'eh tih ; imperious, jpf^^^J p^' hf tik,. 
Pa k'i tih ; capricious, ^*|^ kap, sing'. Kih sing, 
^B '14 'kang sing'. Kang sing, ;^ *(^ 'pan sing', 
gj ft 3 .^ ku' chap, 'kl kin'. Ku chih ki kien, 
^ jg Iffi ^ ,mb to- <m6 "li. Wu tau wii li ; ar- 
bitrary rule, ^ ^ pa* to-. Pa tau ; arbitrary ex- 
actions, ^J ^J hak, mok,. K'eh moh, ^^^^ 'p'du 
hak,. P'au k'eh, jfe^tel^lj 'ts'u ^man ,m6 chai'. 
Ts'ii min wii tsi, J^t ^ M jg 'ts'ii .man ^mb to*. 
Ts'ii min wii td, ^J^ mok, jinan. Moh min. 

Arbitrate, to, to hear and decide as arbitrators, ^ 
^ kiit, tiin'. Kiueh twan, ^ ^ tiin' sz'. Twan 
sz, ^1^ jts'oi tiin'. Ts'aitwan; to decide between 
contending parties, ^ 5(Hl 'kong ^wo. Kiang ho, 
M/^-i jWO. I ho, ;j^^ p'ak, ^wo. 

Arbitration §j\ ^ tiin' sz'. Twdn sz, f ij ^ ^ p'un' 
tiin' sr. Pw'an twan sz. 

Arbitrator J^l^i^:^ kiit, tiin' tsun^ 'did. Kiueh 
twan simg che, ^ ^ ^ chit, yuk, 'chd. Cheh 
yoh che, ^J |i^ :^ p'lin' tsung* 'ch6. Pw'an sung 
ch6, l^^\^ 'ch'il tiin' 'che. Ch'ii twdn che; go- 
vernor, ^ ^ tuk, bin'. Tub hien ; one who has 
unlimited power, ^|^ ^ ^ts'5 ^k'un 'che. Ts'&u 
k'iuen che, ^%^^^ tf^ .ts'6 ^mo hc4n- ,clii 
jk'iin "^chd. Ts'au wii hien chi k'iuen che, "^ g^ 
jWO jt'au. Ho t'au, ^^^ p'ak, ^wo 'che. P'eh 
ho che, TJtP 0^ jWO mukj. Ho muh. 

Arbitress, a female arbiter, 3^ J^ |0f ^ *^^ "^ch'ii 
tiin' 'che. Nil ch'u twan che, :^ ^ ^ ^ nii 
p'ak, jWO 'che. 

Arbor, a bower, g| ^ jiin ^t'ing. Yuen t'ing, i^^ 
jleung jt'ing. Liang t'ing ; a (long) wayside, ]^ 
^ ^yau jlong. Yii lang ; the principal spindle or 
axis, whicli communicates motion to the other 
parts of a machine, ^ chuk;. Chuh; a tree, as 
distinguished from a shrub, |^ shii". Shii; Arbor 
Dianae, * ^ ^#[ s^gan shii'. Yin shii ; Arbor Sa- 
tumi, * * ^ i^ jiin shu'. Yuen shii. 

Arbor vitae ^if^ f 'pin pdk,. Pien peh, [g /(;|^ ^iin 
pakj. Yuen peh. 

Arborescence, the figure of a tree, ^JiJc^of^ J^^S 
chong^ jii shii'. Hing chwdng jii sliii, ^Mt^/lv 
tsdung- lui^ shii' muk,. Siang lui shu muh. 

Arborescent, resembling a tree, ^■j0,\^j^ ts6\in^ 
^s'z shii' jing. Siang sz shii hing, ija j^^] j;t\jf ^ 
jii shii" kom' yeun^. 

• W::i^m^^m:^m^mWimM Arbor Dianae; 

• • Um&^n^M^\^mmM^ Arbor Satumi. 
f Cupressua thjoides (?) , 



Arboret, dwarf trees, as reared in Chinese gardens, 

S^ IS t^ jP'iin jt'au shii\ Pw'an t'au shii, j^ g^ 

shii- jt'au. Shii t'au ; a small tree, |:Jij|^ sai' shii^ 

Si shu, ^f 11} 'ai shii-. Yai shu. 
Arboriculture, the art of cultivating trees, ^ ^ ij^ 

;^ ^ tsap, V^^^^o shii' ^chi fat,. Sih yang sh« 

chi fall. 
Arborist ^ f^ jj|^ >^ ^ shuk, shik, shii' sing' 'ch6. 

Shuli shih shii sing che. 
Arborization, the appearance of a plant in minerals, 

S ft :^ ^ iit ^ ^^^^K ^oi' ^shang ^shing shii' 

jying. Shih nui sang ching shu hing. 
Abuscular, resembling a shrub, ^'^>J^^^ ts6ung' 

"ts'z 'siii shii'. Siang sz siau shii. 
Arbute, arbutus, ^ ^ ,yeung .mui. Y^ng mei. 
Arc, a segment of a cii'cle, ^ ^li. Hii, ^ ^kung. 

Kung, ^ j^ ^kung ^ying. Kung hing. 
Area nodulosa, J^ ^-^ 'nga uk, 'tsz. Yd ub tsz, ^^ 

^ j^sz ^6m. Sz ngan. 
Arcade, a walk arched above, Jj^^ ^ 'kung jlong. 

Kung lang ; a long, arched building, lined on the 

side with shops, ^Jr^^jI 'kung jlong p'o'. Kung 



lanff p'ii. 



Arcadia 



-^-^fAWl"^^ 'i^'i Hillp kwok, 'shdng 
^meng. Kii Hilieh kwoh sang ming. 

Arcanum, or secret, (pi. arcana, mysteries), )|5J> ^ 
pi' matj. Pi mill. 

Arch, a segment of a circle, ^ ^u. Hii ; ditto of a 
bridge, ^ :^. jk'iii 'kung. K'iau kung ; ditto of 
heaven, %'^ .k'ung Jung. K'ung lung ; a trium- 
phal arch, J^ JH jp'ai Jau. P'ai lau, ^l^ j^ ^'4i 
,fong. P'ai fang, f| ^ Jung tin'. Lung tien', j||^ 
^ <p'di ngilk,. P'ai geh ; arch of the eybrows, ^ 
^ jini -'ii. Mci yu, ^M c"go <^^- ^S^ ^^^ 5 ^^- 
ched like the new moon, ^P^^ HPii'^ s^ s^S^ 
.mi iitj kom' yeun^, ^^fjf ^J tsdung' 'ts'z ^san 
iitj. Siang sz sin yueh, — '^'^^^ yat, <w4n ^san 
litj. Yih wan sin yueh, ^ ^ M V^^' <V^^ ^^• 
Pwcin pien yueh, ^ j^ Ej p'o' ^pin iitj. P'o pien 
yueh, i^ji^ ^ngo ^ml iit,. Ngo mei yueh. 

Arch, to, to make an arch, ^ ^ 'hi 'kung. K'I . 
kung. 

Arch, the first syllable of many words and signify- 
ing the first, chief of the class to which it is join- 
ed, ^ ^fui. Kwei, jq ^ ^iin Jiii. Yuen kwei, 
-^;^'sliau^sin. Shau sien, "g^,^ 'shau ^fiii. Sliau 
kwei ; cunning, |^ ^ 'kwai kwat,. Kwei kiueh, 
1^ X^ fai' 'hau. Kw'ai k'iau ; waggish, =^ ^ 
'kwai -ma. Kwei ma, ^ '|^ ^k'i kwai'. K'i kw^i, 
f^ m Jing li^ Ling II. 

Archaeology, learning pertaining to antiquity, -^ 
^ 'kii hokj. Ku hioh ; a discourse on antiquity, 
m -jjf lun' 'ku. Lun kii. 

Archaeologist, one versed in antiquity, \^ '^ ^ 
pok, 'kii 'che. Poh ku chd. 

Archangel, an angel of the highest order, "^ ^ 
'shau ,t'in sz'. Shau t'ien shI, ^"^ZM: .^'^ sa.*- 
,chi ^fui. T'ien shI chi kwei, ^ ^'^ 'cheung 
'^fin'sz'. Chdng t'ien shi, ^^ZM .^'^ sz' ,ch£ 



ARC 



(80) 



ARC 



'ch6un<^. T'i(!n shl clji chdng, ^^^^ jt'in sz' 
chi* jisiin. T'ien shi clii tsun. 
Arclibislif)p, a chief bishop, "^i^|ij|i 'shau muk^ ^sz. 



Shau mull sz, ,^| ^^ i^ f-flj 'tsun 



„ ling mukj ^sz. 



Tsung ling rauh sz 

Archbishopric ||1fi'^(irIJ;^ilc 'tsung Ming muk^ ^sz 
jChi chik^. Tsung ling muh sz chl chili. 

Arch-chancellor, a chief chancellor, ;^ ^ i ^^i^ 
hok^ sz^ lYi hioh sz. 

Archdeacon, in England, an ecclesiastical dignitary 
next in rank below a bishop * , ^ ^ i|5^ iJlfi ^^' 
^kdm mukj ^sz. Fu kien muh sz. 

Archdeaconry, the office of an arelideacon, ^l]^'-}^ 
Bill ^ {(It l*^^' ,kiim mukj ,sz ^chi cliik,. Fii kien 
muh sz chi chih; the residence of an archdeacon, 
W] ^'-^mZ K ^fr fu' .kdm muk, ,sz ,chi ,ku 
'sho. Fu kien muh sz chi kii so. 

Archduchess, a title given to the females of the 
house of Austria, y^ \!^ M^M.^i.ZM ^^^^^ 
kwok, ,wong kung 'chii chi oh'ing. Otili kwoh 
hwang kung chii chi ch'ing. 

Archduke, a title given to the princes of the house 
of Austria, y^.^ %\] U.^ZM ^^iH ^wong 'tsz 
jChi ,ch'ing. Otili hwdng tsz chi ch'ing, 4^^M 
^ •^ 'M <^^"o ts6uk^ chi' jtsiin ^chi ^ch'ing. 
Kung tsioh chi tsun chi ch'ing, ^^ tin^ (l^'mg- 
Tien kung. 

Arclidukedom ^ ^ ili^i"o kwok,. Kung kwoh. 

Arched, made with an arch, >^ i^ ^yau 'kung. Yd 
kung ; made with a curve, ^ |^»j ^wdn tik,. Wdn 
tih, ^^^^ ,win ^kung 'k6m y6ung', 4>^^ 
H|!tm pun' ^pin iitj 'k6m y^ung*. Pwdn pien yueh 
kdn ydng; arched door, ^f^ 'kung ^miin. Kung 
mun. 

Archer, a bowman, ^ij- ^ Pf^ ^ sh6* tsln' ke' ^yan, 
^ ^ ^ ,kung tsin' 'shau, 1^ ^ ,kung 'shau. 
Kung shau, ^ \ kung jan. Kungjin, ^ =f- 
tsin' 'shau. Tsien shau ; mounted archers, ,|}y ^ 
hni tsin'. Md tsien ; foot ditto, ^ ^ po^ tsin'. 
Pu tsien ; an archer's thumb-ring, fj^^i] J)'dn 'clii. 
P'dn chi, ^ p^ Up, ,kau. Tieh kau, ^ ^^ kiit, 
shap^. Kiueh shih, »^4,'| ,kung 'chi, || tip,. Tieh. 

Acheress, a female archer, jfc ^ ^ ^nii tsin' 'shau. 
Nil tsien shau. 

Archery, the art of shooting with a bow and arrow, 

^t S ^''*^^ ^^^^.- ^^'^*^ ^^^^ 5 ^o practise archery on 
horseback, ^ ^]' ,k'i sh6'. K'i 8lii6 ; to practise 
archery on foot, -^^^ p6' 8h6^ Pii shi6 ; the prac- 
tice of archery, ^^;^^ sh6' tsin' ,chi sz^ Shi6 
tsien chi sz, $i^;?:\^ lit, 'ch'i .chi sz'. Pdh shi 
chisz, ^^f^f^^l ,kung tsin\chi 8Z^ Kung tsien 
chi sz; good archery, jlj^Di' 'h6 pong ^fau. 
Archetype, the orignal model, ^^ >^i^-f- jiin 'ptin 
fdt, 'tsz. Yuen pi'm l4h tsz, I^TJlkilH^ .ii" 'pun 
jkw'ai jm6. Yuen pun kw'ei mu, /^ ^-i^^^ ,uii 
'pun ^mh yc^ung*. Yuen pun mu ydiig, )^^ /^ ^ 
^ jiin 'pun kiik, sink,. Yuen pi'in kch shih. 



Archfelon |^^ Isui^fui. Tsiii kwei, /g";"^ ok, 'shau. 
Ngoh shau, tC.^ jiin f'K- Yuen ngoh. 

Archfiend \Ji ^ jCh'au /lii. Cli'au kwei, |^ "gf tik, 
'shau. Tih shau. 

Archflatterer ^MZ^^ 'ch'im mi' ^chi tsui' *ch6. 
Chen mei chi tsui che. 

Arclifo<' j^«^ tik^ .fui. 'Kb kwei, ^fUC^MA ^^' 
tikj ke' jt'au ,yan. 

Archheretic, a chief heretic, |^ ffj^j <^ ^ i' ,tun .chl 
/lii. 1 twin chi kwei, ^^'^Z^'S^ jts'e to' chi 
.fiii 'ch6. Sie tiiu chi kwei cli6. 

Archhypocrite, a great or chief hypocrite, -^ff*-^ 
ngai' .kwan *tsz. Wei kiim tsz, l§'fj^^-J^ 'shau 
ngai' .kwan 'tsz. Shau wei kiun tsz. 

Archidiaconal ^l^m^^ ^ .kwdn .u fu' ,kdm 
mukj .sz. Kwdn yii fu kien muh sz, p^ gj d^ pjg 
|i|^ fii' .kam mukj ^sz ke'. 

Arehimagus * , ^ '^ -^ tsai' ^sz 'ch^ung. Tsi sz 
chdng. 

Archimandrite t, the chief of a monastery, fff^^f^ 
^ .sau to' iin' 'ch6ung. Siii tdu yuen chdng, j^ 
^ t5' 'cli6ung. Tau chdng, ^ j^ iin' 'ch^ung. 
Yuen chang. 

Archipelago ^-j^ .kw'an 'tb. K'iun tiiu. 

Architect, a builder, X ^ ,^^iiog tseung*. Kung 
tsiang, ^ M ^ifl '^ 'l»i »K ,sz fu'. K'i uh sz fu» 
'^f^JL K ^1"' tso' .kung jyan. Kien tsdu kung 
jin, jjHiji!i|5ir}'(# '111 tso' .sz fu'. K'i tsdu sz fu, (at 
Hongkong they are called t^ ;t^ ^ifi '(^ jtiai 'shui 
.sz fii'. Ni shwui sz fii : lit. master masons), JC 
^[5ijj'(6| .kung tsdung'.sz fu'. Kung tsiang sz fii, 
X ^ SM <kung ts6ung' ,t'au. Kung tsikng t'au ; 
a head workman, -^ X tdi' ,kung. Td kung, ;^ 
^^^ tdi' ,sz fu'. Ta sz fii, :kTi^ tdi' ,kung,sz. 
Td kung sz ; a contriver, ^ jQlJ ^ 'ch'i ch'ong' 
'ch^'. Ch'i ch'wdng ch6, 4^ ii^ :^ ch'i ts5' •ch6. 
Ch'i tsdu cli6. 

Architectonic, pertaining to architecture, §^ i^ ;§ 
Z^ .kw.'in 'hi uk^ .chi sz'. Kwdn k'i uh chi sz, 
jJHl ^ J^<j 'hi uk, tik,. K'i uh tih ; that has power 

or skill to build, ^^ j^i M.Z'S' 'y^" '''^ ^^ <^'^^ 

jts'oi. Yu k'i uh chi ts'ai, XW^ M^S ts«5«ng' 

ke'. 
Architecture, the art of building, X E f^ ,l^""g 

ts^ung^ m6'. Kung tsidng wii, ^ 1^ Z ^ **^* 
Tsdu kung chi fiih, ^ '^^ Z ^ 
chi fat,. K'i tsdu chi fdh. 
Archives, records, g ||3 kwok, 'ki. Kwoh ki, ff{^ 

.kong 'ki. Kdng ki ; the place where the recordB 

are kept, |8clll:^S .ts'ong 'ki ,kam kwai'. Ts'dng 

ki kin kwei. 
Archivist, Ihc keeper of records, ^ ^ 'chii p6'. 

Chii pii, /pf Ffl chi' .chung. Chi chung. 
Archlike, built like an art^b, tUi tJ^ H®[ 111 i^ 'kung 

'ki)m yeung'. Ju kung kdn ydiig. 
Arch -primate, the chief primate, f^ ^ ^t*^ Z ^ 

im.m}^mn'AmMzm- 



,kung .chi fdt, 
'hi ts6' 



ARC 



(81) 



AUE 



'tsung *iing muk^ sz ^chi 'clieung. Tsung ling 
mull sz chi clising. 

Arch-tyrant, a principal or great tyrant, '^ ^ pa' 
'clieung. Pa cliang. 

Arch-villain, a groat villain, "^ pg 'shau 'fi. Sliau fi. 

Aiclnvay ^~]^ ^ ^ 'kung ha' ^cbi 16'. Kung hia 
chi lu, ^ J^ 'kung ,long. Kung lang. 

Arctic pole :|!^'('nj/ pak, kik,. Peh kih; the arctic cir- 
cles, r^ :lt ^ ^ .nam pak, jhon to'. Nan peh 
han tau. 

Arcuation, the act of bending, ^ ^ ^V'^^ t^un. 
P'an liuen, ^ ^ wat, .liin. K'iuh linen ; crook- 
edness, ^ wat,. K'iuh, ^^ ^ vrat, huk,. 

Arcuhalist, a crossbow, ^ "'no. Nii, t^^ ^kung'no. 
Kung nu. 

Arcubalister ^^^^^ she' 'no 'chc. Shic nu clie, ^ 
^ f, fat, -no 'cho. Fah nu c he. 

Ardassines, a very fine quality of Pei-sian silk, ^/l? f|)f 
@ ^ -lilt' ZU^< .I'o .sz'kwok, yau' sai' ,chi ^sz 
,meng. Po sz kwoh yu si chi sz ming. 

Ardency, warmth of affection, ^ it^. Jeh, ^ .C> it, 
,sam. Jeh sin, ;^|| y\^^ lit^ ^sam. Lieh sin, ^ ;\^^ 
'han jSam. K'an sin. 

Ardent, fervent, ^ it^. Jeh, 'r/!;\^^ It^ .sam. Jeh sin, 
M^CO lit, .sam."Lieh sin, ^ 'Ian. Pan, ^i ^|| lit, 
lit,. Lieh lieh, 'J^i^j^ 'fan far. . Fan fah, ^ :)} 1ian 
ts'it,. K'an ts'ieh, ^ ^ ,han in. llieu jcn, lU 
^Jk k'oi' jin. K'ai jen ; ardent effort, ^ ;/j "fan 
iiif,. Fan lib, ^ ^ 'fan 'min. Fan mien, ^J ^ 
jkw'ong kiln.' Kw'.lng kiuen ; ardent couvage, 
% ^ 'fan -yung. Fan yung, |^ ^ =mang "yung. 
Mangyung; ardent mind, f;hi\;^ it, .sam. Jeh sin, 
^i|,\];i^ lit, ^sam. Lieh sin ; ardent love or affection, 
M'Cj?^'^' it, .sam ,clu oi'. Jeh sin chi ngai, -^J 
'^' ts'it, oi'. Ts'ieh ngai, ^^ li■m^ Liuen ; ardent 
spirits, -j;^ /f.j ,shiu 'tsau. 8hau tsiii. 

Ardently, fervently, ^ it,. Jeh ; to love him [her] 
ardently, fib^g fg it, oi' 'k'ii. Job ngai k'ii, )j fg 
jli fjfc jmi 'k'ii. 'ho it,. Mu k'ii hau jeh, fj§ /^f | j 
;^ jts'ing 'ho yat, tuk,. .Ts'inghau jib tub, f;^x 
^> ^ kiin' liin' put^ 'she. Kiuen liuen pub shie, 
^ ^' (t'ang oi'. T'ang ngai ; ardently desire, ^ 
7^. ^ham- 'seung. Shin siang, :^ ^[ sham' xin'. 
fehin yuen. 

Ardor, warmth, ffe it,, Jeh ; zeal, ffe i\;^ it, ^sam. 
Jeh sin, ^ ;^' 'fan chi'. Fan chi, '^ ^ 'fan hi'. 

. Fan k'i ; bravery (longing to fight), ^^ yui' hi'. 
Jui k'i ; great ardor, ^ i\^ ^ch'i ^sam. Cb'i sin, 
^.Cl' 'han ,sam. K'an sin, || 'yung. Yung. 

Arduous, high, lofty, p^ilif^ tsun' 'ts'iu. Tsiun ts'iau ; 
difficult, ^t ,nan. Nan, ^ -^ ^san 'fu. Sin k'u, 
^^ ,san .16. Sinlau, ^}^\- ^16 'fu. Lau k'u, ^^ 
^ .kan 'fii. Kien k'ii ; very arduous, -|)|}i^||ji- ^ 
pi' ,shcung ,kan 'fii. Pi chang kien k'ii, f/^^i^ 
^ jUgai * tsun' .san 'fii. Yai tsin sin k'ii ; ar- 
duous duties, §i -^ <^ X 5^ ^nan ts6' ^chi ,kung 
/u. Ndn tso chi kung fu, 'f]\ ;^ ;^ ^ ^nan ,sbing 
,chi s'iK Nan ching chi sz. 1^ \>i ^ Tf'. ,nan 'i 'van 

• In botks read n^jfu*. i/u'. 



.shing. Niin i yu ching, fji f;^ .nan .Avai. Nia 
wei, 'ji;!^. rf .nan chang. Nan hang, ^^ ');f( .nan tsol 
Nan tso, ^ f^ ok, tso'. Ngoh tsa, f/^'>)^f ^nan 
.shing Miii. Nan ching liiiu, ^^^^^fcll^ san '^fu 
ke' .kung fii. 

Arduously ^ jVj> c}^ .sam. Lau sin, ^ ;^^ 'fu ^sam. 
K'ii sin. 

Arduousness, difficulty, ^ ^ .san 'fii. Sin k'ii. 

Are, the plural of the substantive verb to be, ^ 
shi^ Shi, ^^ \yau. Yii, Q^ tsoi'. Tsai, Tjr '^aL 
Nai, f^j hai'. Hi; we are here t , ^|^^'H' 'ngo 
'tang tsoi' 'ts'z. Wo tang tsai ts'z, ^| 'l-fe^jl^ 'ngo 
ti- 'hai ch'ii' ; we are also come, ^ ^ ^^) ^^ 'ngo 
.miin t6 .loi. Wo mun tii lai, ^ pjj^ ^. P^ 'ngo 
tf yik, .lai ; these things are excellent, (^ }f^ ^ 
-|->^ n] ni ti^ 'ye shap, /an 'h6, it >^ ^ |)tj ^ 
^ 'che ko' tung sai sham^ 'mi. Che ko tung si 
shin mei ; what arc you? f^t f,^^ 'ti X ^ '^^ ^^' 
mat, .kung .fii; who are you? if]'^Jc\i^K 'nitso* 
mat, ye ,yan, f/j', |fr :^- ^^^^ A '"i slii' sham'- mo 
.yan. Ni shi shin mo jin, f/j' ^^ (of \ 'ni shi' ^ho 
.yan. Ni shi ho jin ; are there any ? ^y flil !l/3 'yau 
jm6 ni ; are you able ? f^j; (^jllgl!^ 'ni tak,.m ii'. 

Ar^a, any plain or surface, |,'i', ;^ 'kwong tai'. Kwang 
ta, \ii] miu^ Mien, ^- .ch'eung. Ch'ang, i|ig ^ 
fuk, iin. Full yuen ; its superficial area is 100 

square miles, Iviff ft 7+-' I? ^7 !li M^"^? s^''"^o 
kung- kai' yat pak, .fong 'ii. Tsung hung kung 
ki yib peh fang Ii ; the area is, |^^| ;^ ^>^ fiit, tiii' 
yeuk,. Kw'oh ttl yoli ; a level space, ^ |^ ^ 'ife 
.p'ing .iin ^chi ti'. P'ing yuen chi ti, ^ i}^ cP''^S 
,ch'eung. P'ing cli'ang; the area about a build- 
ing, l^ i^ uk, .ch'eung. Uh ch'ang. 

Aveal, pertaining to an area, jr^i miir. Mien, ^ ^ 
'kwonci: ti'ii'. Kwang tii. 

Areca, palm and nut, i^^^l .pan .long. Pin lang, ^ 
^ .pan .long. Pin lang, tr f^, .yau .p'an. Jin 
p'in \ prepare:! botel-nnt, ||i f|i .bam ,pan. Ilicn- 
pin; the dry ditto, {\l^x kon .pan. Kan pin; the 
wild ditto, i^ -f n.-ip, 'tsz. Nab tsz. 

Aren palm, the coir palm, f|i :j:jf .tsung .ye. Tsung 
ye, if^ ;|^ .tsung shii". Tsung sliii. 

Arefaction, the act of drying, \i^% shfii' kon. Shai^ 
kan ; the state of growing dry, ;% ^ 1^^ ts^n^ 
^shang .kon. Tsien sang kan. 

Arefy, to dry, ^p long'. Lang. 

Arena, an open space of ground, J^ .ch'eung.' 
Ch'ang ; literary arena, f-\ i^j /o .ch'eung. K'o 
ch'ang, %i|f 'ban .ch'eung. K'an "ch'ang, %^^ 
shi' jCb'eung. Shi ch'dng, 3^ ^ .man .ch'eung. 
Wan ch'ang ; the military arena, ^ i^ 'm6 
jCh'eung. Wii ch'ang ; the arena for military ex- 
ercises, ^^ i^)j ksiu' .ch'enng. Kiau cli'ang, ^ ^ 
Z ifK' # ,ts'6 Iin- chi kaiV .ch'eung. Ts'au Hea 



I,) chill' 



chi kiiiu ch'ang; the arena of war, PgJ^ 
.cli'eung. Chen ch'dng, §^ J^- keung .ch'eung. 

.1 4*L chn n\^\.^^r.r, Sllil ch'iinjr; 



Kiang ch'jinj^. 



^ ^shii .ch'eung. 



t lor further informaticn on the i Jural Ac. see authors Craia- 
inar of the Chinese Language, P. .1 & II. 



AEE 



(62) 



ARG 



the arena of contest, ^ i^)j tau' jCU'eung. Tau 

Arenaceous, sandy, ^^ fi\A. Slid, ^f fj'' ^au (Shd. 

Yu slid, jfj/'PfJ',; ,8hd ke'; sandy (sand mixed with 

flower and getting between the teeth), j^|^||| 

,8h4 ngitj Qgitj. Shd nieh nieh. 
Arcoation *, a sand hath, y\ '/gi ^shd yuk,. Shd yuh. 
jftrenulous ^^;lHf'j'^ ^yan sai' ,shd. Yu si slid. 
Areometer ^(-ji ^<i ^ ch'ing' *shui ^eham. Ch'ing 

shwui chin. 
Areometry, the art of measuring the specific gravity 

of fluids, fl; >!K fi^ M 'S ^' s^^^'^o '&\\\n ^heng 

chung' jChi fat,. Liang shwui k'ing chung chi fdh; 

the measuring the specific gravity of fluids, ^/j^ 

>^$^M tsng* ^shui ,chl ,heng chung^. 
Areopagus, a sovereign tribunal at Athens, ^ ^ 
, nZM^ Ngdtin ^shing ,chl ,>-ing p6'. Ydtien 

•lung chi liing pii. 
Areotie, a medicine which attenuates the humors, 

^ I& % fat, sdn' yduk^. Fih san yoh, ^ H ^ 

flit, piu yeukj. Fdh pidu yoh. 
Arctology ^\^,Z^ jjan tak, ^chi lun^ Jin teh chi 

lun. 
Aigemone mexicana, ^^^ *16 'shii lakj. Ldu shii 

leh. 
Afgf^nt, silvery, ^nlRpH'^ jii s^gan k?)m'shik,. Jii 

yin kdn sih ; the white colour in coats of arms, 

j^ ^ pj? ;^ Q jinan yan' ^chung ^chi pdk^. Wan 

yin chung chi peh. 
Argcntal, pertaining to silver, gD ^ ^ ^kwdn ,ii 

jigan. Kwdu yii yin, %P^ ^ngan ke', ^i)^ ^^ ,ngan 

tik^. Yin tih ; consisting of silver, ^ j^gan. Yin, 



;PEr:jngank6', 



Argentiferous, containing silver, ^|B jts'ong ^ngan. 
Ts'dng yin. 

Aigcntine, like silver, ^n^}Jp|J' ^ ^ ^W^^ ^^^' shik,. 
Ju yin kdn sih, ^\ ^ ^ts'z ^ngan. Sz yin ; sound- 
ing like silver, It^^ j;JJ ^k'i ^sliing yeuk^ jDgan. 
IL'I shing joh yin. 

'Argentine Republic, Buenos Ayres, in South Amer- 
ica, 1^ ^l! ^ M U^U^ ,^^^ Amilikd h6p^ 
p6' ^meng. Nan Aniilika lioli pu ming. 

Argn, potters clay, ^ ±^ ,t'6 't'6. T'du t'u, |^ % 
,t'5 ,nai. T'du ul; adhesive clay, |^ '^ ,kdu ^nai. 
Hidu ni. 

Argillaceous, jicrtaning of the nature of clay, ^"^ 
1^ ^kdu ,nai tik,. Kidu ni tih, "^ n(^ ^nai k6\ JH 
j|g shukj ,nai. Shuh ni, '^ ^ ^nai lui'. Ni lui ; 
consisting of argil, or argillaceous clay, j|| 'kan. 
Kin or k'in. 

Argue, to n^son or dispute, ^ ^ piu' pok,. Pien 

lun, ^rf^ kdu' lun^ Kifiu lun, !j$|^ ql kdu' ,16ung. 
Kidu lidiig, 1^ P pok, 'hau. Poh k'au, ,^ pok^ 
P^li, III li'lK 't'"N' 'kt'"!,'- Ting king, |^j !^ du' 
'kxjng. Ydu king, || % tau' du'. Tau ydu. 



tau' pok,. Tau poh; to argue angrily, '^g^ ^chdng 
lun'. Tsang lun, j] ^^ lik, pin'. Lib pien,' il ^ 
likj pok,. Lib poh ; to argue by interrogation, i^ 
fg iP'iin k'it,. Pw'dn kieh, ^^ pok, k'it^. Poh 
kieh, ^ ^ cP'dn pok . Pw'dn poh ; to argue 
clearly, .^f^'pok, .ming. Poh ming, ^fljffjlg 
pok, t6' ,ming eh'u', ^ ^ pin' pdlc. Pien peh, 
IM ^ 'ti"S i™i"?- Ting ming, U/J p ,ming pin*. 
Ming pien ; to argue consecutively, ^ |^ ^ch'ui 
lun'. Ch'ui lun ; to prove, ife ^ ^ Idp, ,p'ang 
kii'. Lib p'ang kii, ^ |^ tcng' lun'. Ting lun, 
5f 1^ k'ok, lun'. K'ioh lun, @ |^ shat^ lun'. 
Shih lun ; let us argue together, ^3^ — -^ pok, 
kwo' yat, hi'. Poh kwo y\\\ k'l. 
Argued, debated, ^^^%_ pin' pok^ kwo', J^.vg^ 
'ting kwo' 'keng. Ting kAvo king, ^ i^ P^ pok, 
kwo' 'tsui. Poh kwo tsui, "^ |^ V^ ^chdng lun* 
kwo'. Tsang lun kwo, |^ jl^ ^ du' kwo' 'keng. 
Ydu kwo king ; proved, jjl J^ ^ |^ hip^ kwo* 
jP'ang kii'. Lib kwo p'ang kii. 
Arguer, a disputer, ^^^^ b5' pin' ch6. Udu pien 
ch6, ^,^^ pin' pok, 'ch6. Pien poh ch6, ^^ 
^ tau' pok, 'die. Tau poh che, ^^^ du' 
'keng 'ch6. Ydu king cb6. 
Arguing, discussing, ^ |^ pin' lun'. Pien lun, j^ 
]^ pin' pok,. Pien poh, ^|^ M lun'. I lun ; dis- 
puting, ri m, 'ting 'keng. Ting king. || ^ tau* 
pok,. Tau poh. 
Argument, a reason offered in proof, ^ ^j^ .p'ang 
ku'. P'ang kii, 51 \j^ k'ok, kii'. K'ioh kii, ^ ||g 
shat, kii'. Shih kii; beads of a subject, ^@ ^t'ai 
muk^. T'i mub, ^ ^ ^t'ai 'chi. T'i chi, ^ -g- 
,cb6ungclii. Chdngchi, ^|i}| jt'ai'kdi. T'ikidi; 
controversy, ^ ^ pin' lun'. Pien lun, ^!i% du* 
'keng. Ydu king; i-eady at argument, ^^^| man 
pin'. Min pien, ^ ^ ,ling pin'. Ling pien, ^ 
P ^=1 ^^ li' 'hau pin' jts'z. Li k'au pien ts'z, ^ 
^ kap, pin'. Kib pien, ^ ^ wdt^ 'tsui. Uwih 
tsui, ^, P §p kap, 'hau ,ling. Kib k'au ling, — 
tilyffii^ yat, 'P'^ jjau '.tsui. Yih pd yu tsui ; rea- 
son, ^^ to' 'li. Tdu li ; subtle at argument, ^ 
"^j 'tsin 'tsin. Tsien tsien. 
Argumental, consisting in argument, ^^^ V^u 
ebing' kii'. Yu ebingkii; belonging to argument, 
^ ii S 'yau t6' nl Yu tdu 11. 
Argimientation, reasoning, jt ^ ^ Idp, iP'ang ku'. 
Lib p'ang kii, Ji |^ 'li lun'. Li lun, ^ fi 3g 
pok t6' Hi. Poh tdu li, ^| ^^ 'van kii". Yin kii, 
^^,unku'. Yuenku. 
Argumentative, consisting of argument, ^ ^ ^ 
^yau jp'nng kii'. Yii p'ang kii ; showing nvusons 
for, jt M t^ I'^Pi iP'""" kii'. Lib p'ang kii; ad- 
dieted to argument, ^) f^ ^ 'I16 pin' pok,. Udu 
pien poh, irltP^"!^ wdt^ 'taui k^', ^i^mi&. »<*, 
^\i pin' pok,. Lob yu pien |H)b. 
Argumentatively, in an argumentative manner, ^| 

1^ 'yan kii'. Yin kii. 
Argus pheasant ^ ^ jliin ,kai. Lwdn kl; feathers 
of ditto, ^ IS^ % ,lun ^kai ,m6. Lwdn kl mdu. 



AUG 



(83) 



ARM 



Argute, sliarp, f^ f^J ,ling If, ^ 0)j ,ts'ung ^ming. 
Ts'ung ming, |^^ jling -man. Ling min, '^-t^ 
fai' 'hau. Kw'ai k'iau. 
Arid, dry, ^^ ^kon. Kan ; parched, j)^ ts'o'. Ts'au, 
$i^ ^konts'o'. K&n ts'au, Pji^^ puk^ ^kon. Puh 
kan. 
Aridas, a kind of taffety, ^^^^M^ T'in- 
chuk kwok, pok, tiin- jUaeng. T'ienchuh kwoh 
poh twan ming. 
Aridity, dryness, ^jfc^ ,kon ts'6'. Kdn ts'au, ^J^ 

^ idj (kon ts'6' ^chi ti\ Kan ts'au clii tl. 
Aries, the ram, a constellation of fixed stars, .^ ^ 

^ ^ jeung ^sing suk, ,meng. 
Arietation, the act of hutting as with a hattering 
ram, :f^^ chong- kik,. Chwang kih, 1(^JI^ chong' 
,ch'ui. Chwang ch'ui ; ditto as a ram, :j^ fl^ 
chong'- jt'au. Chwdng t'au ; assault, j^ fy ,kung 
'td. Kung t^. 
Arietta, a short song, ^ ,ko. Ko, ^^ ^ 'tiin ^ko. 

Twan ko. 
Ariight, rightly, ^JE ,kung ching'. Kung clung, "[£ 
jg ching' chik,. Ching chih, {|^ ^ ngang- chik^. 
Ngangchih, ^%\^ 'kangchik^. Kang chih; with- 
out mistake, M ^ ^mo ts'o\ Wii ts'o ; to set 
aright, ^^ 'ching 'ho. Ching hau, Jjjf ^ tso' 'h6. 
Tso hau ; set him aright, 5P IE tS s^'an ching' 
^k'u. T'an ching k'ii, \}^ s£ fg kau ching' 'k'u. 
Kiau ching k'ii ; to judge aright, f^PJI 'kii chung'. 
Ku chung. 
Ariman *, the evil genius or demon of the Persians, 

^^^ 'kwai /lii ^meng. Kwei kwei ming. 
Arise, to get up, ^% 'hi ,shan. K'i shin, ^^ 'hi 
,loi. K'i lai, jE^ ^ 5}^ cP'a 'hi ,loi. P'a k'i lai ; to 
arise from death, ^ife fukj ^shang. Puh sang, ^ 
1^ fuk, ^su. Fuh sii, ^/fc. S^^ ,shang. Fan sang, 
|0j^ t-An ^su. Fan su, ^f^ fuk, lit,. Fuh Hwoh, 
^^E^i^ jau 'sz fuk^ lit^. Yti sz fuh hwoh ; it 
arises from this, ^ itt; rff) 5l5 jau 'ts'z ji ^loi. Yii 
ts'z rh lai, [±| ^ jit ch'ut, .u 'ts'z. Ch'uh hu ts'z, 
^^l[:(^ jau ^ii 'ts'z. Yii yu ts'z ; to stand up, -^ 
^;k'i '111, jt >|B ^ lap, 'hi ^loi. Lih k'i Idi ; to 
commence a journey, ^^ 'hi ^ch'ing. K'i ch'ing, 
^ ^ 'hi ^hang. K'i hang, j|f| ^ tun^ ^shan. 
Tung shin ; to begin to act, ^ "^ 'hPshau. K'i 
shau, ^^ (hoi 'shau. K'ai shau, ^ fl^ 'hi ^t'au. 
K'i t'au ; the day arises, {i{ yat^ ch'ut,. Jih 
ch'uh ; to arise against one, ^ j^ 'hi tik^. K'i 
tih ; to assault, :j^ ,kung. Kung ; to invade, ^ 
(ts'am. Ts'in ; to rebel, >ff ^ tsok, 'fan. Tsoh fdn. 
Arising, ascending, ^ 'hi. K'i, j^ 'sh^ung* Shdng, 

^-h (Sliing 'sheung. Shing shang. 
Aristocracy, the nobility, ^ "^ tseuk, wai'. Tsioh 
wei, J§ ^ ^ ^ ,kii ts^uk^ wai^ 'che. Kii tsioh 
wei che ; a form of government, in which the 
supreme power is vested in a privileged order, ^ 
'fc 7^ If tseuk, wai^ 't'ung hat^. Tsioh wei t'ung 
hiah, Pi'^'^H^ ts^uk, wai^ ,chi ching'. Tsioh 



ni^mtB^zm- 



wei chi ching, ^ (;/ /p, g tseuk, wai^ chf kwok,. 
Tsioh wei chi kwoh, fg >^ |g ^ ,chu ^hau "lam 
,k'un. Chii hau Ian k'iucn, W^0i^' ni ^chii jhau 
lung- ^k'un. Chii hau lung k'iuen. 
Aristocrat, one who favors an aristocracy, |{| '^ •& 
^ ^ W ^ lok, tseulv, wai* ^chi 'kun hat/ 'ch6. 
Loll tsioh wei chi kwan hiah che ; one who be- 
longs to the aristocracy, ^ ^ -^ :^ ,kii ts6uk, 
wai' 'che. Kii tsioh wei che. 
Aristocratic, ") pertaining to aristocracy, ^ ^5^ ^ 
Aristocratical, ) ^ ^kwan ,ii tseuk^ wai'. Kwdn 
yii tsioh wei, ^(i ^»J tseuk, wai' tik,. Tsioh wei 
tih, ^^ni!E 'yau tseuk ke', ^ fe Pgl tseuk, wai* 
ke'. 
Aristocraty, see Aristocracy. 

Aristolachia, name of a herb which promotes parturi- 
tion, ^^^ jiin jU sok . Hiuen hu soh. 
Arithmetic, the art of computation, ^ ^ siin' fdt,. 
Swan fall ; the science, of ditto, ^ ^ sho' hok,. 
Su hioh, ii ^ 'kau kwai. Kiii kwei ; thie four 
rules of arithmetic are called, j'JUj^^iS ^ka 'kdm 
jShing ^kwai. Kia kien ching kwei: addition, sub- 
traction, multiplication and division ; to learn 
arithmetic *, ^ ^ ^ hok, siin' fat,. Hioh swdn 
fah, .^ II 4^ hok^siin' jp'un. Hioh swdn pw'att, 
'^' If $i hok, siin' sho'. Hioh swan su, ^f{- f^ 
hok, kai' sho'." Hioh ki su. 
Arithmetical, pertaining to arithmetic, |^ |^ ^ ^ 
^kwan ^ii siin' fat,. Kwdn yu swan fah ; according 
to the rules of arithmetic, -j^^^ S^"^^^ fat,, f 
swan fah, H3:^^ chiii' siin' fat . Chau swdn fah. 
Arithmetically, according to the rules of aritlimetic, 

"t^M.^ S ^^^' f^t,. I swan fah. 
Arithmetician, one skilled in arithmetic, ^ ^ siin* 
'shau. Swan shau, ^ ^ -|^ stin' siin' 'che. Shen 
swan ch6, ^ 1^ % ^ ^ shin' u siin' fat, 'cM. 
Shen yii swan fdh che, ^ ^ ^ ^ ,tseng ii siin' 
fat,. Tsing yii swin fah, ^'^l^ifiif ^un' sh5' fi% 
{a-. Swan sii sz fii, ^ ^J % 'M ^liuk, 'ta sun* 
^p'lin. 
Ark, a vessel, ^ chau. Chau ; the great ark, g J^ 
kii- ,chau. Kii chau, g >|i t kii' ^ch'a. Kii ch'4,. 
-;^ ^ /ong ^chau. Fang chau ; the ark of con- 
venant, ^^^ ^ y^uk, ,seung. Yob siang, ^■^ |g 
yeuk, kwai'. Yob kwei ; the constellation of the 
ark, ;^|. ^ i^ kwa' ^sing ^ch'a. Kwa sing ch'a, 
# ^ =11 kwa' iit, jCh'a. Kwa yueh ch'a. 
Arm, the limb of the human body which extends 
from the shoulder to the hand, -^ ^ 'shau pi* ; 
the fore-arm, ^ pi' ; humerus or arm bone, Jt 
^ '^ sheung- pi' kwat,. Shang pi kuh ; ulna or 
fore-arm bone, It^t'^ ching" chau kwat,. Ching 
chau kuh; radius or turning hand bone, |f ^# 
fii- 'chau kwat . Fii chau kuh ; the upper part of 



* Subtraction is frequently called ^ jCli'u. Ch'u, and mul- 
tiplication, I^^ ,yan fat,. Yin ikh. 

f This term, " the great raft, " is by some supposed to refer to- 
the ark of Noah. 



ARM 



(84) 



ARM 



the arm, ^ <u. Jii, ^ kwanj?. Kwanj?; tohendj Armillary, resembling a bracelet, ^'fel^^ tfi^un^;* 



the arm, (yj^huk,,kwanfj. K'iuhkwansf; to pillow 
one's head on one's aim, fUl^^ifn^^t ''u^^, ,k\vang 
,1 cham'; to lend an arm or hand, [])l — ^ ^ "j] 
cho^ yat, pi' ,chi lik^. Tsu yih pi chi lih; the right 
arm, >^ -^ yau" 'shau. Yii shau ; (he left ditto, 
^ ^ 'tso 'shau. Tso shau ; an aim of a sea, ^ 
in hau^ 'hoi. llau hai, M Z^M '''oi <chi ,chi 
p'ai' ; the arm (branch) of a tree, if^\^\ shii' ,chi. 
Bhiichi; the arm of power, ||^^ jk'iin peng'. 
K'iuen ping; to carry in the arms, f'^ 'p'5. P'au, 
^^3|5 -p'6 'shau jloi. P'siu shau lai ; to take up 
in the arms, tfi i!& ^P'' '1>^- I*'"^" '^'^ ^ arms and 
legs, |;L| ^ sz' ,chi. Sz chi, [/U fff sz' 't'ai. Sz t'i. 
Arm, to, funiish with weapons of offense or defense, 

^ll 1'4i ^'^ P'^^' ^^^ '^^- ^"' ^^'^^ ^" ' ^^ prepare for 
war, ;y^|j^ ,p'lii hai^ Fai hlai, fj i" :fe tung' 
^on ,kHO. Tung ksin ko, ^( ]^i(;k hi ,ka 'lb. K'i 
kia ho, ||j j^ fji ch'ut, ,ka 'lo. Ch'uh kia ho, % 
fit' 1^ ("k t^hap, pin' ,ka 'fo. Chih pien kia ho, $ji 
fil' 4'- jilv '^lii"n pi"' ,kwan hi'. Ching pien kiun 
, k'i ; to provide against, \ijj jl\[\ ,fong pi'. Fang pi, 
;^ 15?/ ,t'ai ,fong. T'i fang, ^ ^Jf u' /oug. Yu 
fling, ^\ijj ,kwan jfong. Kwan fang. 

Armada, a fleet of aimed ships, — ^^ ^ |l;f[\ yat, 
jpong ,ping jShun. Yih pang ping cli'uen, ^ \^\\ 
'M il^ cP'^D jShiin jWan tsap,. Ping ch'uen yun 
tsih. 

Armadillo >^jl |^ .k'au ,xi. -K'iu yu. 

Armament, a body of forces equipjjed for war, IJt J; 
,kvvau sz'-. Kiun sz, -f| ^ j)ing sz^ Ping sz, i 
2^ sz' tsut^. Sz tsuh ; the aimament of aship, fiH'. 
^ W2^ jshiin chi kwan hi\ Ch'uen chi kiun k'i. 

Armature, aimor, \\\ kap . Kiah. 

Arm-chair I^<1^ t^ him 'shau 'i. K'iuen shau i, \^ 
fillt, 'p'o ,lung 'i. P'du lung i,^±i0i \\o\ sz' 
*i. llioli sz i. 

Armed, furnished with weapons of offense and de- 
fense, 'ip^ffV'ii'd'i'i ,kwan hi' ^ts'ai pi'. Kiun k'i ts'i 
pi. Ailiyj'/^lilll ,y»" ■'"'"' <^^'"^ P^^- "^"^ "^" *^'^ P'' 



ii^ pi\ 



Yu pi, 



'ching pi' ^ki 'fo. 



Ching pi kid ho, ^l^ |it< Ji ^j, tiii' pin' ,ping hi' 
'Idi pien ping k'i; an armed man, ip J: kap, sz'. 
Kiah sz, qij^ J- chin' sz^ Chen sz ; armed, as trees 
and shrubs, '^\^ ^au lak^. Yu leh. 

Armenian »;|ii ^- ^ )i,^ K Aimini kwok, ^yan. 
Arhmini kwoli jin; pertaining to Armenia, ^)fS^ 
^ALl'-^ft'J Aimini kwok, tik,. Arhmini kwoh 
till, i;|i ^^^)\ y|P^ Aimini kwok, k6'. 

Armful, as much as the arm can hold, — f(£ yat^ 
^p'6. Yih p'au, - \\l yat. Mam. Yih Idn. 

Armhole, axilla or armpit, li/ji'IJ^lK' ,kd lak/tai. Kid 
leh ti, H8t 1' y'k. hd'. Yih hia, '^z. fk iVft f^K .c''" 
,wo ; a hale for the arm in a garment, -p||j S| chau' 
,lung, ^^ S'J^] tJ pui' ,sam chau' 'liau. 

Armiger, a title of dignity next in degree to knight, 
■)^\^ seung' ,kung. Sidng kung. 

Annigerous, bearing aims, •'.j'}' -ir. ^ tdi' jiing hi'. 
Ttti ping k'i. 



'ts'z 'shau sik,. Siang sz shau ngeh ; the armil- 
lary ijpherc *^% iH ,sun ,ki. Siuen ki, J||| ^ -gl 
wan' ^t'in ,i. llwan t'icn i, ^J$^ lik^ tseung'. Lih 
sialng, ^ -^ jts'iin ,i. Ts'iuen i ; a tube in ditto, 
T; ^'Jlj yukj .hang. Yuh hang. 
Arming, equipping with arms, ^"^ ^f ^ jts'ai pi' 
,kwan hi'. Ts'i pi kiun k'i ; to prepare for de- 
fense or attack, j^ & 'hi ^ping. K'i ping, ^ ^ 
filing ^ping. Hing ping, ^^ gjg hing ,sz. lling 8», 

^ifW^^^ ii' pi' cPJnf? '^^- Yu pi ping md. 
Armings, in China old nets arc used for that pur- 
pose, which are callcnl, J^J^^j^ ,u 'mong, Yu wdng. 

Armistice, a cessation of hostilities for a short time, 
^ JJ2 -j^ ;;fe tsam^ 'chi ,kon ,kwo. Tsdn chi kiia 
ko, ^f?^ 1^ tsdm' jt'ing ,kau ,fung. Tsan t'ing 
kiau fung, -^ iJc®,© ^o" <'<^wo tsJim' sik,. Kan 
ko tsan sib, ^ H,^ ^ )(^ tsam' ^shi ^chi jWO. Ts-in 
shi chi ho. 

Armless, without arms, ^.(-^ jmo 'shau. Wu shau; 
destitute of weapons, M jjfj- ;|^ ,m5 hi* bai^ Wu 
k'i hiai, fllL '^i g|;- .m<\kwan hi'. Wu kiun k'i, 
J^ f i|l ^[f mutj *yau ^kwan hi'. Muh yu kiun k'i. 

Armlet, a small aim, i^'Jii -^ sai' 'shau. Si shau, — • 
i^ ^- f T yat, chek^ 'shau 'tsai, /\^=\-^ 'siu 'sbau 
pi'. Siavi sbau pi ; a bracelet, -^ ^ 'shau bky 
Shau ngeh, ^ glj pi' ch'iin'. Pi ch'uen, ^ ^ 
'shau ch'iin'. Shau ch'uen, J^ ^ jWan p'lii'. 
Hwan p'ei. 

Armor, for the protection of the body, g^ ^ kw'ai 
kiip,. Kw'ei kiiih, 1}! ^ kap chau*. Kiah chau, 
^^^ Ip chin' kap,. Chen kiah, ^ 1^ ,ping k&p.. 
Ping kiah, p t^ ^ham kap,. Han kiah, Ip |i 
kap^ 'hoi. Kiah k'ai, ^^ kap,. Kiah, ^ ,t'6. T'au; 
ditto made of leather, ^i|». ,ping kak,. Ping keh; 
armor for the head, ^ ,kw'ai. Kw'ei, "g"^ 'shau 
'hoi. Shau k'ai, si{ ^ ,t'au kw'ai. T'au kw'ei, 
*jt H <tau ^mau. Tau mau ; ditto for the nec'r, 
ijl ^ 'keng "hoi. King k'lii ; ditto for the aims, 
^ ^, pi' 'hoi. Pi k'ai ; ditto for the back, ^ |g 
piii' 'hoi. Pei k'ai, "^ jj^ pui' kap . Pei kidli. 

Armor-bearer ^.',> 'i|i ^ % tai' kwan hi' 'che. Tdi 
kiun k'i che, PJ ^:^ \\i JJ};- >g jts'ui tiii' ,kwan hi' 
'die. Sui tai kiun k'i clu5. 

Armorer, a maker of arms, 51! HI' E ,kwan hi' tseung'. 
Kiun k'i tsiang ; a maker of armor, j^ \ jhdm 
,yan. llan jin. 

Armory, an arstMial, T|7 }^^ ,kwan hi' kuk,. Kiun 
k'i kiuh, ^i^ ,ping fu . Ping fu, ^ }^ 'mh fu'. 
Wu fii ; a place where armor is deposited, tfl ^ 
klip, fiV. Kiiih fu. 

Armpit, the hollow place under the shoulder, |^B/Qf 
Jf^, kak, hik, 'tai. Keh leh ti, ^)0I^^ ,kd \i\\ 'tai, 
ill W. '<"'>a«> yik,. Chau yih : the plac<? under the 
arm, f^ hip., llieli, |Jj$ 7; yik, iWi'. Yih bii'u 

Arms, weapons of war, 'i|i ^ ,kwau hi'. Kiun k*i. 



• s « ^ ^ iL 

fc.hu king. 



vol. 10 tuid Mcdhurst's 'I'ranBlation of the 



ARM 



(85) 



A RE 



^^^ hi' bar. K'i hiai, J^^ jnn<? hi'. Ping k'i, 
^ i^ ^ping hai^ Ping hiai, 1g ^ ^kwan hai'. 
Kiun hiai, ^ :^ kon ^kwo. Kdn ko ; to take 
up arms, ^ f- ^ tun^ ^kon kwo. Tung kdn 
ko, l^fi tung' ,ping. Tung ping, ft f^ chap, 
jkon ^kwo. Chih kan ko, |lt 1^ 1^ cliap^ ki 'fo. 
Chih kia ho, jrf jg t>/c <cha kd. 'fo. Chd, ki.4 ho ; 
to be under arms, ^ fgi j^ ^ chap, pin' kA 'fo. 
Chih pien kia ho; cessation of arms, ^§>^;Jc ^^K 
,kon ,kwo. Sih kan ko, H -& pa' j)ing. Pa 
ping, H ^ pa- chin'. Pa chen, ^ ^ ^ P^ sz' i 
kon' -t'o lok, ; to arms, \^ IT ch'ut, 'iL Ch'uh 
t^. UMf f^ cl^X ,ka 'fo. Ch'uh kia ho, ^""^^ 
chap, hi' hai'. Chih k'i hiai; a coat of arms, j^ 
j: ;^ ^ 'm6 sz- ^chi ho'. Wu sz chi hdu, ^ ± 



to bear arms, ^ ^ tso" ping. Tso ping, g .;£ 
^tong ,ping ; to lay down one's arms, :|^ [^ ^t'au 
^ong. T'au hiang ; inspector of arms, |p! ^ '^ 
kwan hi' kam'. Kiun k'i kien ; to carry in the 
arms, fg "'p'6. P'au ; to take up in one's arms, 
i^ f^ jlau ■p'6. Lau p'au ; to throw one's arms 
around one, to embrace, |^ njj ^ ^ "Idm jt'au 
*ldm 'keng. Lan t'au Ian king. 

Arms-length, to keep one at, |^ ^ iin^ ^chi. Yuen 
chi, j^ ^ jSho ^kau. Su kiau. 

Army, a collection of men araaed for war, ^ * kwan. 
Kiun, ^j]j t ^sz. Sz, ^ ijf J ,sam ^kwan. San 
kiun ; a body of troops draAvn up in battle aiTay, 
P^ chan\ Chin, fr ^ .bong *ng. Hang wu, |^ 
^fi tui' -ng. Tui wii, ^ fj jung ^hong. Jung 
Mng, "^ffi. jying'ng. Yingwu; the encampment 
of an army, ^ ^ ^kwan ^ying. Kiun ying ; to 
raise an army, 
of volvii';eers, ; 



\^. 



hi J)ing. K'i ping; an army 
I ping ; to enter the 



,pmg. 



army, :f5 W s^'^^ ,kwan. T'au kiun, ^^ ^ ^t'au 
jinS. A -ft yaPj jing. Jib ying, ^ ^ ^ts'ung 
^ung. 



Ts'ung jung ; genei-al orders in an army, 
f|7 16- p6'. Lu pii ; General Directors of the 
Army and State, ^^U^H^ 'tsung ^chi ^kwan 
kwok, sz*. Tsung chi kiun kwob sz ; master con- 
troler of the army, ^ ^ ;^^f s'^^ng ^kwan kl,u' 
wai'. Hang kiun kidu wei. 

Aroma ^ ^b^ung. Hiang, ^ ^ ^b^ung hi'. Hidng 
k'i, ^ ^ filing ^b^ung. Hing hidng, ^ ^ ^fan 
^hdimg. Fan hidng. 

Aromatic, fragrant, ^ ^ -yau ^b^ung. Yu hidng, 
^ # ,fong <b6ung. Pang hiang, ^ ^ ^^ .hing 
jh^ung tik,. Hing hidng tib, ^ ^ IJl^ "yau Ji6ung 
mi*. Yu hidng wl, ^^^ -yau /an ,h^ung. Yu 
fan hidng; exceedingly aromatic, ^§f pit, put^. 
Pieh pob, ^ ^ sP'ong jp'ong ; aromatic flavor, 
^ \t^ ,b6ung mi'. Hiang wi, f^^ 'b6 mi'. Hdu 

wi, itj IJlc iM '^^^ ^ t^'- Hdu wi tdu. 
Aromatics, spices, ^ |^ mi* lui'. Wi lui, ^ 3^5f 
jh^ung liu^ Hidng lidu. 

• An army of 12,500 men. f A division of 2.500 men. 'ITie for- 
mer is now used for an indefinite number of men. t This ex- 
pression is taken from the Classics and is used for a large army. 



Arose ^ V^ 'hi kwo'. K'i kwo. 
Around, round about, j^ !^ ,chau 



,wai. 



[Tgifti sz' min*. Sz mien, i/t!)f. sz' ch'ii'. 



Chau wei, 
,^ ^f. vii ii'. Sz cb'u; 
at random, ^7 i\% ff fE .bang ,wdng jbang tim* ; 
around his brows, [^ f£ B^ ^ ,bun chu- ^ngdn 
^mi. K'iuen chu yen wi. 

Arouse, to awaken, tt4 @§ tS kiu' 'sing *k'ii. Kiau 
sing [ft^] t'a, @| fl- 'sing kok,. Sing kiob, l^j^ 
fiin' 'sing. HAvan sing, f]' g^^td 'sing. Td sing; 
to arouse the mind, f^^ f^ sing ^sam. Sing sin, 
^ II 'king 'sing. King sincr, jff; ^ 'tim 'sing. 
Tien sing, ^ @M .t'ai 'sing. T'i sing, ;fj^ ^ /'iu 
'sing. T'idu sing ; to arouse the age, g!| [[I; 'sing 
shai'. Sing shi, |^ [tf; kdi' shai'. Kiai shi, ^ ^ 
~J^ kdi' jt'in ha^ Kiai t'ien bid ; to arouse one's 
anger, ]f^ A M kik, jan no^ Kih jin n^, \^ ^ 
fg kik, ^nau 'k'ii, ^^ 7^ fg "^lo 'kwan 'k'ii ; to 
arouse one's feelings, fl^ X tw ^^^> i^^^ s+s'ing. 
Kih jin ts'ing ; to arouse to action, ^ ^^ ^hoi fi'it,. 
K'ai fab, flJS:^^ kik, fdt,. Kih fdh, ]^J^ 'k5m fdt,. 
Kdn fall ; to rouse one's self to action, |^ ^ fat, 
'fan. Fdh fan, ?r|'J^ fat, 'fan. Fab fan ; to arouse 
one's self or others, .j§ fp chan' tsok,. Chin tsoh, 
:^^ chan' fan. Chin fan, ^j^^ 'kii lai'. Ku li, 
15 % 'kd Tn6. Kii wu, flj^ Id kik, tun^. Kih 
tung, jgft 'yung 'sung. Yung sung, f||{| 'king 
tung-. King tung, ^ t§ pdi sdt,. Pai sdh ; to 
arouse one's fear, BJIf f f #, bak, ,kcng /'a. Hih 
king t'd ; to arouse to self-consideration, gg f^ 
'sing ng'. Sing wu, f| f^ kok, ng'. Kiob wii ; to 
arouse to self-rer ovation, -f'^^;) ,K tsok, ^san ^man. 
Tsoh sin min. \f^^ also MTitten 'seng.] 

Aroused, excited lo action, fj^ ^ i^ Idt, "fan kwo'. 
Fdh fan kwo, \^ f| -;^ kik, idt^ kwo'. Kih fdh 
kwo, IfJi f!; i^ kik, tung' kwo'. Kih tung kwo ; 
awakened, fl4 || ;4 kiu' 'sing kwo'. Kiau sing 
kwo, ^51^ li® ,t'ii\ 'sing kwo'. T'idu sing kwo; 
awakened, alive to one's real condition, §§ f^ 



smg n^ 



o^. 



Sing wu. 



m 



Arousing, awakening from sleep, B^ SI kiu' "^sing.. 
Kidu sing, rfj" j|g 'td 'sing. Td sing ; ditto one's 
feelings, ^ kik,. Kih ; enlightening one, ^^t, 
^t'iu 'sing. T'idu sing ; arousing one's fear, 
bdk, (keng. Hih king. 

Arquebuse -^^ sbau cb'ung'. Shau ch'ung, "^Im 
^ ^ 1^ 'ku jlun cb'ung' .chi jUicng. Ku lun 
cb'ung chi min g, ^^ kau cb'ung'. Kau ch'ung. . 

Arquifoux (^ A ^ ^§1 s^'o jan .cbl ^iin kwong'. 
T'du jin chi yuen kwitng. 

Arrack |^ jjij; yg d' lik, 'tsnu. A lib tsiu, |f 7v® J^ 
'tsz 'tsau. Ye tsz tsiu, ^ yg Tuai 'tsau. Mi tsiti, 
WJ^ll^ <k6 .leung 'tsau. Kdu lidng tsiu. 

AiTaign, to, to charge with a crime, -^p k6' tsui*. 
Kdu tsui, ^ JIX- ko' chong*. Kau chwdng, §>}• ^ 
't'6 tsui'. T'du tsui, pj| p man* tsui*. Wan tsui ; 
to set a prisoner at the bar of a court, ^:^|i$lj^ 
kdi' ftin* t6' on'. Kiai fan tdu ngan, ^ i^i] ^ ^ 
kdi' to' on' jts'in. Kiai tdu ngdn ts'ien, ^ 5|J ^^ 
f^ kdi' t6' jUgd ^miin. Kidi tdu ya muu, M^^ 



ARR 



pj[f. kiii* on' 'sham pJln^ Kisii ngsin shin pdn, ^ 
j^} ft\ ^ dp, kii' t6' on'. Yih kidi tdu ngdn, j^ 
jk^ij'tV kdi' sung' t6' ^kun. Kidi sung tdu kwdn. 

Arraigned, called before a tribunal to answer, jff jl^ 
f Ij'g' kai' kwo' to' ^kdn. Kidi kwo tdu kwdn. 

Arraignment, the act of airaiging, |^jf JlJ ^ ^ kdi* 
t6' on' 'ch6. Kidi tdu ngdn ch6 ; accusation, -^fp 
^ k6' tsui' 'ch6. Kdu tsui ch6. 

Arrange, to, to put in order, ^ ^"jp ,chai 'ho, ^ ^ 
chap, 'h6, j^kl- fong' 'hb. Fang hdu, ^^ ffl p'di 
^hoi. P'di k'iii, j^^ ^il ,p'di lit^. P'di Ueh, ;ti '^ll 
'pdi lit,. Pdi lieh, ^j^}f. jy'b ^p'ai. P'd p'di, ^fg" 
,p'6 ch'it,. P'u shell, ti IS* 'pjii ch'it,. Pdi sheh, 
^ It ,p'6 ^ch'an. P'u ch'in, ^ ^|J eh'an lit,. 
Ch'in lieh, tT^fi 'td 'tim. Td tien, ^^ 'td tip,. 
Td tieh, ^ ^/j 'kim 'tim. Kicn tien, i^ §p^ ,t'ai 
Siirn. T'i tien, ^\^ chap, shap,. Chili sliih, ^j^^ 
on ^p'ai. Ngdnp'ai, ^|| po' chi\ Pu chi, ^^ 
j)'^i jts'ai. P'di ts'i, ^ ^|J clian lit,. Chin lieh, 
^^ij /an lit,. Fan lieh, ^\^\] >u lit,. Liu lieh, 
Hi ^Ij ;6 lit,. Lu lieh, fl|^ ,16 ,ch'an. Lu ch'in, 

W J^b .P''" 'pi' ^ ^'! il« "tr Lo lieh, s^ g ^t'iil 
'ch'u. T'iau ch'u, iijij -/^ ,t'iu chi^ T'idu chi, || 
i® ,t'ii\ -It. T'idu li, =1 jf ,t'iu jt'ing. T'iiu t'ing, 
P^iJ .t'iii /sai. T'iau tsl, gc|| /s'oi 'tsin. Ts'di 
tsien, ^15^ ,ts'oi tok,. Ts'ai toh, ;f: ^ ^ch'autok,. 
Ch'au toh, ;^{^. jT/jf ,p'di 'kdi. P'di kidi ; to an-ange 
the ofterings, =)[,'• ^ ch'it, ,kung. Sheh kung ; to 
arrange the table, i^^ \§ j)'di jt'oi. P'di t'di, j^ 
;ja^ jp'di eh'euk,. P'di ch'oh ; to an-ange hastily, 
^ put,. Poh ; to arrange one's dress, ^''f^fji% 
^chong 'h6 i fuk,. Chwdng hdu i fuh ; to aiTange 

into pages, 'l^ f&^-M 'V^^ s^'^^S c®^'^ 'P^°- ^^^ 
ching shu pan ; to arrange a difFiculty, \}\\^} ^hoi 
'kdi. K'di kidi, ^^ 1^1 ,p'di 'kdi. P'di kiai, :^^ ^| 
j)'di ndn^ P'di nan ; to an-angc nicely, :^^ |/|£ ^^ 
:j^ jP'di ^p'tii p'dk, p'ak,. P'di p'di p'eh p'eh ; to 
arrange in a scries, jEjt ^l] j)in Ht,. Pdn lieh ; to 
. arrange materials in order, |)gj ,i)in. Pien ; to 
arrange marks or letters in order, ^p\]'-p%t tP^"^ 
lit, tsz' hh\ Pien lieh tsz hdu ; to arrange or set- 
tle about earnest money, fj ting'. Ting ; to ar- 
range an affair in order, sif ^j^iljlj "i sz' 'i chai*. 
I sz I chi ; to arrange (initiate) that affair, ^ ^ 
it ^ Jiu 'li Xi 'sii. Liau li k'i sii ; to an-ange 
and speak of points in order, fi^ ^ |3c ^i^ s^'^'^ 
,fan nil sik,. T'idu fan lu sih. 
Airanged, put in order, 1^^^ ^ ^chai kwo' 'hb, ^ 

M $JF ^^^^\\ ^^<^' '^'^- ^*"'' '^''■^ ''^"' ^^ ^'J *^ 

^p'di lit, kwo'. P'di lieh kwo, U^\]i^ ,lo lit, kwo'. 
Lo lieh kwo, }^\. 5*^^ i^ ,p'ai /a'ai kwo'. P'di ts'i 
■ kwo, %^ ti},^ i^ jts'ai pi' kwo'. Ts'i pi_^kvvo, ^ }^ 
'^ ,p'di hoi kwo'. P'di k'di kwo, ^ ^|J j^ ,pin 
lit, kwo'. Pien lieh kwo, tT ^A M 't» 't''" k«'o'. 
^ Slii' '^''^^1 c^wai ch6uk,. Yu kwei ehoh, :^^ 
^ 'yau ch6uk, lok,. Yu ehoh loh, :f;j j£ 3t >u 
teng' ch6uk,. Yu ting choh, ^ ^ Is'z' Uii'. Ts'z 
ti, #;g ^- ,i .ts'ang ts'z'. I ts'ang t«'z, ^^^ 
5^ \vau jts'aug V^w ts'z'. Yd ts'ang yu ts'z, ^^ 



(86) ARE 

ts'z' t8u^ Ts'z tsu, 7 ^ 'liu tong*. Liau tdng, jjg 
5^ 'lu ts'z'. Lii ts'z, 4*-# sP'iag tit,. P'ing chih. 
3^ 3^ tit, tit,. Chih chUi ; well arranged, fg 
^ pin' tong'. Pien tdng ; evenly arranged, ^ 
<£| ^t'ing ,wan. T'ing yun, fi^ ^ "p ^ts'ai ,k'i 
lid*. Ts'i k'i hid ; everything arranged in it« order, 
j? ^ <2if- Hr tsii' ts'z' H'o tong'. Tsu ts'z t'o ting, 
5^^^^ ^au jt'iu pat, lun*. Yu t'iiiu puh lun, 
# # ^ i^ 'tseng 'tseng ^au ,t'iu. Tsing tsing 
yu t'idu, ^ 1^1 # ^ ts'z' tai' 'tseng ^In. Ts'z ti 
tsing jen, ^^^^\ ts'z' tsii^fan ^ming. Ts'b 
tsii fan ming ; arranged (in a serrated manner), 

EU ffl .^^ s^'i'i i^'i" s^"- '^"^^^ *'**^" J®*^' ^ ^ 
^ ^ jts'ai jts'ai 'ching 'ching. Ts'i ts'i ching 

ching; arranged (equalized) their strength, JJj 
^ -& il 'pi ,ts'ai ,k'i lik,. Pi ts'i k'i lih, J:[j ^ 
|yLj ^ 'pi mat, sz' Ji. Pi wuh sz li ; the throe are 
equally arranged, ^ ti ^6 ^ ct^'am 'clie ^s^ung 
ch'ing'. Ts'dn che sidng ch'ing; that affair is set- 
tled, ^^7 sz' Vo 'liu. Sz t'o lidu. 

Arrangement, the act of putting in order, j^ ^|) ^ 
,p'di lit, 'ch6. P'di lieh ch^, ^,(t^|) ,lo lit,. Lo Ueh, 
tX f^ ^ 'ta 'tim 'ch6. Td tien che ; the state of 
being put in order, ^^ ,ts'ai pi'. Ts'i pi, ^^ 
ts'z' tsii'. Ts'z tsu, 5^ ^4 ts'z' tai'. Ts'z ti, ^ ^|) 
jCh'an lit,. Ch'in lieh ; the arrangement (disposi- 
tion) of an army, ^5 ^ p6' huk,. Pu kiuh ; set- 
tlement, @^ fj* cheuk, ting'. Choh ting, g^ U 
jCham ting'. Chin ting ; classification of facts re- 
lating to a subject, ^ §3 ^ M sts'un ^t'ai p5* 
chi'. Siun t'i pii chi, j^ ^\] ^ j)in lit, 'ch6. 
Pien lieh c\\6. 

Arranger, one who arranges or puts in order, j^ ^ 
^ ,p'ai lit, 'ch6. P'di lieh che, 1^^^ ^chaima^ 
'chd, II ^Ij ^ ,\o lit, 'che. Lo lieh ch<^. 

Arrant, infamous, 3]^ f^ .kwdi p'ik . Kwii p'ih ; 
wicked, ^ ok,. Ngoh ; an arrant knave, ^ ^ 
jkwong kwan'. Kwang kwan ; an arrant hypocrite, 
M "X.^-^ c*'^ s"^'^ ,kwong kwan'. Sz wan kwdng 
kwan, i^ ^^ -jr ngai' ,kwan 'tsz. Wei kiun tss ; 
an arrant liar, \^ Hjjgj^^ ^ming ^mingshiit, ,fong. 
Ming ming shwoh hwdng, Q S^ AaJ V^K V^K 
'kong tdi' wd'. Peh peh kidng td hwd. 

AiTantly, impudently, ^ :f^ hnong chong'. M^g 
chwdng, ^^ '16 *mong. Ld mfing. 

An-ay, oi-der, ^j^ ts'z' tsii'. Ts'z tsii; disposition of 
an army (battle array), ^}fj[>^Z§^ iP'«" «1»*'^"' c*^ 
shai*. P'iii chin chi shi ; to set in array, J^ ^|J 
,p'di lit,. P'di lieh ; to put in battle array, f^ |^ 
'pdi chan'. Pai chin, ^|J j^ lit, chan'. Lieh chin ; 
di-ess, ij^gjj chong shik,. Chwdng shih, ^];tj)> 'ti 
pdn'. Td pdn ; to impannel, j^P^Hl^ p'ai' jP'ui 
'sham ,kun. P'di p'ei shin kwdn. 

Array, to, to draw up, as troops for battle, ^^ ^^ 
chan', ^ij^ lit, chan'. Lieh chin ; t« dross, ^f^ 
^chong 'ching. Chwdng ching, ^ ^'tli. pdn'. T4 
pin, ||g)j 'ching shik,. Ching sliih, ^^ chong 
sliik,. CLwiug shih ; to deck, |^ ^ ^sau shik,. 
Sill shih. 



ARR 



(87) 



AIIR 



Arrayed, drawn up in order for attack or defense, 
^aM^ ^p'ai kwo' chan^ P'cii kwo cliin ; dressed 
or decked, ^ |^ i^ ^chong shik, kwo'. Chwdng 
shih kwo, tr # M 'ta p^n' kwo'. Td pan kwo ; 
arrayed in gloom, '^^^^ "miin ^slian pai' ai'. 
Mw^n shin pi i. 

Arrayer, one who arrays, :^^^|J ^ j)'ai lit, 'ch6. P'ai 
lieh che ; one who has to put the soldiers of a 
county in a condition for military service, ft] ^ 
^^ ,sz -li <kwan hi'. Sz li kiun k'i. 

Arraying, setting in order, ^ ^|J 'pai lit^. Pai lieh ; 
putting on splendid raiment, ^ ffB (Chong shik^. 
Chwdng shih ; impanneling, '^^^1^ p'ai' jp'ui 
'sham ^kun. P'ai p'ei shin kwan. 

AlTear, to be in arrears, ^'^ ^t'o him'. T'o k'ien ; 
the unpaid amount after it was due, |^ -^ ^ §|: 
^t'o him' ,chi ,ngan. T'o k'ien chl yin, ^ilJ;^iJ 
^kau shing- ^chi .ngan. Kiau shing chi yin, ;^|. ^ 
^ §5 kwa' him' ^chi ^ngan. Kwa k'ien chi yin, 
^^'JMM M^^ shing- sho' mi. Kidu shing sii wi. 

Arrearage l^i'X^ <t'o him' 'che. T'o k'ien ch6. 

Arrect, attentive, @ jCi>^ s^^"^ fi^^ <t'eng. Liii sin 
t'insr, ^:n:^ sai' ,t'eng. SI t'ijig; erect, ^^ chikj 



'k'i. Chihk'i. 



Arrentation W\ ^^;^jt$ ch'ut, chuk, Ji ,chi ^p'ai. 
Ch'uh chuh li chi p'ai, ^^%%Z^ shau' chuk. 



jli chi jp'di. Shau chuh li chi p'ai, ^ iH ^ ^ 
chuk, sli (Chi ^k'iin. Chuh li chi k'iuen. 

Arreptitious, snatched away, ^-^ chau' hii'. Chau 
k'ii ; crept in privily, )[^ ^ ^ij chim "im tik,. 
Chen yen tih, f^ A^^ ,ts'im yap^ tik,. Ts'ien jih 
till, imiii^i M <t'au ,t'au hok, tsdp^ kwo'. 
T'au t'au hioh sih kwo. 

Arrest, to apprehend, |i£ chuk,. Chuh, i^ ,k'am. 
K'in, ^ jud. Nd, ^ ^ p6' chuk,. Pii chuh ; to 
stop, li: 'chi. Chi, jf: >ft 'chi chii'. Chi cliu, jf 
^ ,t'ing chii-. T'ing chii, Xt i, 'chi sik,. Chi sih; 
to obstruct, fff^ chai- chii'. Cbi chii, ^U^ ,tam 
kok,. Tan koh, |5Jiy^ 'cho chai'. Tsu chi ; to im- 
prison, ~J^ ^ -ha yuk,. Hid yoh ; to arrest uni 



yersal attention, ^ \ li^ @ 



tung- 



jan 



jSam 

muk,. Tung jin sin muh, ^^js; p^ ^ M (kai ^t'am 

hon^ -i. Kidi fan hiang i, ?|J Jtg # ^ to' ch'u' 

jCh'iin 'kong. Tau ch'ii ch'uen kidng ; to arrest 

. attention, ^ Q kik^ muk^. Kih muh. 

,, Arrest, the apprehending of a person by virtue of a 
warrant from authority, ^ ^ chuk, ^na. Chuh 
ni,, ;j^ :tj£ p6' chuk,. Pu chuh ; to send under ar- 
rest, ^ j^ ap, sung'. Yah sung ; to escape from 
arrest, jgj^ ,p6 ,t'5. Pii t'au; delay, :^0 |f| tarn 
l^ok,. Tdn koh; imprisonment, ~f\ ^ *hd yuk^. 
Hia yoh, ^ ^ ^tiu ^kam. Tiau kien. 

iArrested, apprehended, {{£ jj^ chuk, kwo'. Chuh 
kwo, ^ -^ ,n^ kwo'. Na kwo ; stopped, j]^ ^ 
'chi kwo'. Chi kwo, ^±M kam' 'chi kwo'. Kin 
chi kwo ;. it arrested my j.ttcntion, ^ ^ § kik, 
'ngo muk^. Kih wo n;iub. 
^jregting, seizing, ^ $£ p6- chuk,. Pu chuh ; stay- 

"' ing, ll/^ 'chi,^ii'. Chi chti,^ ± kam' 'chi. 



Kin chi. 

Arrestment, an arrest, ^ ^ hau* 'sham. Hau shin, 
■@ ^ 'M ^ jlau jkam hau' 'sham. Liu kien hau 
shin, ^|^ ^ ngoi^ ^ki. Wai ki. 

Arret, the decision of a court, ^ ^ij 'sham p'lin'. 
Shin pw'dn ; a degree published, ^ iyi ko' shi*. 
Kau shi ; the edict of a sovereign prince, J^ ^ 
sheung- ii'. Shang yu. 

Arriere, the last body of an army, ^ jj^ 'mi chan'. 
WI chin, ^ 1^ hau- chan'. Hau chin, |^^ tin^ 
,kwan. Tien kiun, ^ J^ 15$ ^p, ^mi chan'. Ydh 
wi chin ; arriere-ban * , ~|^ |^ ^ ||jj ha' ii' ,hing 
^sz. Hia yii hing sz. 

Arriere-guard J^ j^ 'mi chan'. WI chin, ^^ tin' 
^kwan. Tien kiun. 

Arrival, the reaching a place, ^ chi'. Chi, ^|j t6*. 
T^u, ^^ chi' 'che. Chi che, %\\^ to' 'che. Tau 
che ; the attainment of any object by effort, ^ 
tak,. Teh, ^ k'ap,. Kih ; the arrival of the Mail 
at Hongkong, yc^j#^^lj#i# 'fo <shiin ^chi t5' 
,Heung 'kong. Ho ch'uen chi tau Hiang ki^ng ; 
the arrival at the summit of one's desires, M '^ 

'ku M 4™" pat, s^ i'. Wu pub jii I, ^ -?!: a M 

tsun' tak, 'ki i'. Tsin teh ki i ; the arrival of the 

guests, ^ ^ hdk, cbi'. K'eh chi ; tbe news by 

the last an-ival, i|^ ^ $l) ;^ ^f ^ ^shau 'mi t5' 

chi san ,man. Shau wi tau chi sin wan. 

'■ ■ 

Arrive, to, to reach, g chi'. Chi, $lj to'. Tau, ^ 

$li <loi to'. Lai tdu, ^ ^tsun. Tsin, i^ 'tai. Ti, 

^ "kut,. kwob, ^ chi'. Chi, 41 ^ts'iii. Ts'ui, ^ 

. kak,. Keb, P^ ts'z'. Ts'z, ^ ^ ^tai chi'. TI chi, 

jg tik. Till, iS king'. King, 'Ig .wai. Hwai, 



lui'. LI, f^ kiit,. Kwuh, ^ kai'. Kiii, fg ngai'. 
I, ip chat,. Chih, ^ ± lui' 'chi. LI chi ; to ar- 
rive at Hongkong, $l]^i# t6' ^Heung'kong. Tau 
Hiang kiang ; to arrive at the provincial city, ^ 
^ ^ 'tai 'shang ^sliing. Ti sang ching ; the kit© 
reaches heaven ^ M^^ s^^ S^ ^^^' ,^'^^- Yuen 
fi 11 t'ien ; why does he arrive here ? ^ J£ ^ f f^ 
hot, jk'i 'yau kiit,. Hoh k'i yd kwuh ; cattle and 
sheep arrive (are coming or arriving here), -^^ 
~\\i[^i jUgau ^y^ung hd.' kut,. Niu ydng hid kwoh ; 
it pierces (cuts) to (or until it arrives at) the bones, 
'M M'X'^A^^ hdk,ts'z'kwat,. Shin k'eh ts'z kuh; 
it [the virtue of the emperor Yau] reaches heaven., 
and earth, ^^ ^ Jt "f kak, u sheung' hd'; Haa 
reaches Ts 'in, g|i&T^ Hon' tik, ,ii ^Ts'un. Han 
tih yu Ts'in ; there is no place which the command 
does not reach, -^-^M^W t^i' meng' ^mo pat,, 
chi'. Td ming wii pub chi; having a sense of shame^ 
they will reach (or arrive at) virtue, ^^i> M.^ 
'yau 'ch'i 'ch'e kdk,. Yu ch'I ts'ic keb ; arrive at 
puberty, ^ 7" ^shing ^ting. Ching ting ; has the 
steamer arived ? X^^\]^ 'fo jShim t5' 'fau. Ho- 
ch'uen tau fau ; to arrive at perfection (as fruit)» 
^Ht chi' shuk,. Chi shuh ; to arrive at by prac- 
tice, ^^Ij^ hokj to' shukj. Hioh tdu shuh ; to 



* ^^i^itm^^m^y^'^^^ 



ARR 



(88) 



AET 



arrive at tlic meaninf^ of a passage, ^ Hj 1»J ,^ 
'sdunfj ch'ut, kii' i'. S\hng ch'uh kii i ; to arrive 
at the door, ^Ij P^ to' ^mun. Tau mun, ^ ^^ 
'chung ,muTi. Cliung mun ; to be about to arrive, 
^f\\ ^ts^ung t6'. Tsiang tku. 

Arrived, reached, $1] ^ th' kwo\ Tau kwo, ^l] T 
to' 'Jill. Tau liilu; our ancestors have arrived, ^ 
III "F ^ <^^^ **^^ (^ ,ts'<ii. Sien tsu yii ts'iii. 

Arriving, coming to, J|) tb\ Tdu, ^ chi'. Chi, ^ 
,loi. Ldi, ^ jShing. Ching. 

Arrodc, to, to gnaw, p^ 'ngau. Ng^u or yfiu, ^« 
'ng&u. NgJiu or yi\i. 

Arrogance, haughtiness, ^j|j; ,kiu ngb". KiAu ngau, 
^|j^ ,kiu king. Kiau king, g |2A> tsz^king. Tsz 

lii"^'. M JiS "S^' ^^"'- ^8^^ ^'"' BR :^ ^ 'ngdn 
kok, ,k6. Yen koli kAu ; insolence, ^ ^^ ng6' 
nidn*. Ngau rakn, JJg ^ kii' ng5^ Kii" ngau, JQ 
^ ngat^ ng6'. Wuh ngau ; pride, 0j ^ ,k6 ng6\ 
Kau ngau, g^ X Po i'. BR '^'^i jan s^ 'sh(5ung 
*ngan. T'i Jin wii shdng yen, ^ BR :1{I A ^"^^ 
*ngkn sdung' ,yan. 

Arrogancy, sec Arrogance. 

Arrogant, haughty, ^i^k M^"^ "S^^- ^^^^ "gau, ^ 
^ ^kiii king. Kiau king, BR ^ ^ ^ngan kok, 
^6. Yen koh kilu, ^fL |g BR 'hung ts6uk, 'ng/m, 
1^ \ P§: J: BR 't'ai jan ,m^sh(^ung ^ngsln, ^ ^ 
ngo^ slu^ Ngau shi ; boasting, [^.| g^ ts?/ kw'a. 
Tsz kw'd ; insolent, ^j;^ ngo' mdn'. Ngau miln, 
i?JK # kii^ ng6^ Kii ngau, # !# A 10 # ck6m 
k6m' tdi' ko' pi^ 

Arrogantly, with undue pride or self-importance, -j^ 
p^ ngo' shl*. Ngau shi, |^||, 'miii shi'. Midu shi, 
■^ ,^ ng^^ M- Ngau jen ; aiTOgantly offend, f§ 
^ ^t'ong tat,. 

Arrogate, to, to lay claim to more than is proper, 
f^ ts'im'. Ts'ien, ^ ^ ts'im* ixt^. Ts'ien yueh, 
^ :^[i ts'im' fdn'. Ts'ien fan, ^ ^ ts'im' fan'. 
Ts'ien fan ; to arrogate a name or title, j^ ;^ |j| 
ts'im' ^mcng ho'. Ts'ien ming hku, ^ ^ ts'im' 
ch'ing. Ts'ien ch'ing; to arrogate to one's self 
honor or respectability, "^^^ ts'im' ^tsiin. Ts'ien 
tsun, -(^ ,tl ts'im' 'lai. Ts'ien li, -^ ,ii«i ^(l ^ iit, 
*lai fan' fan'. Yueh H fan fan. 

Arrogated \^ ji^ ts'im' kwo'. Ts'ien kwo. 

Arrogation, the act of arrogating, f§ ts'im'. Ts'ien, 
■jf ^ ts'im' ch6. Ts'ien c\\6, 3^ ^ kwo' fan'. 
Kwo fan. 

Arrogativc, making undue pretensions, ^^ifUn'^ 
pat, 'shau Mai tik,. Puh shau li tih, :?^ ^' ^ P^ 
pat, jts'un fan' k6', :iJ^^|'l^ t'di' kwo' fan' tik,. 
T'jii kwo fan tih. 

Arrondissement, a district, ^ iin'. Hien. 

Arrosion p^ *ngdu. Ngdu or ydu. 

Arrow ^ tsln'. Tsien, ^ 'ch'i. Shi, ^ ^ tsln' 
kon'. Tsien kdn, ^ ^ ,chan kwai. Chin kwei ; 
an iron pointed arrow, ^ ^ 'pi tsin'. Pi tsien, 
f^jg^ t'dp, jl6. T& lu ; to set off an arrow, |$ — 
^ fat, yat, 'ch'i. Fdh yih shi; to shoot an arrow, 
^ §§ sh6' tsin'. Shi6 tsien ; every arrow hits, fj 



^c|? tsin* tsln' chung*. Tsien tsien chung, ^■^ 
^ 'ch'i 'ch'i chung'. Shi shi chung, ^M^^, 
l^y^vCfl (fij 'ch'i ^mb hii fat,, ffct, pit, chii'ng' tik,. 
Shi wu hii fdh, fah pieh chung tih; a shower of 
arrows, (arrows fell like rain), ^Vnf^T^ tsin' jU 
'ii hd'. Tsien juyu hid, ^fm^i [. 'ch'i ^u Mi hi'. 
Shi ju yu hid; time flies like an arrow, ^tP^'lEl 
^ ,kwong jam Hs'z tsln'. Kwdng yin sz tsien ; 
when the mind is bent on returning home, it is 
like a flying arrow, ^J ^\^^ ^ ^ ^kwai ^sam *ts'x 
tsin'. Kwei sin sz tsien ; a whirring arrow, p|iij ^ 
'h6ung tsin'. Ilidng tsien ; a fire arrow, ^ ^ 
'fo tsin'. Ho tsien ; to injure one with a se- 
cret arrow, to slander. Be ^ ^ X ^"^' ^^^^* 
^shdung jyan. Ngin tsien shdng jin, ^^j'/'i^f^ sho* 
'lang tsin'. Shi6 lang tsien ; an arrow flying, ^ 
^ 'ch'i 'kiu. Shi kiau ; as straight as an arrow 
[upright], ^ gr 'ch'i chik^. Shi chih, ^ (ti; 4n 
^ ,k'i chiicj jii 'ch'i. K'l chih jii shi ; the point 
or head of an arrow, ^ \^ tsin' 'tsui. Tsien tsui ; 
do. of iron, ^ ^ tsin' tsuk^. Tsien tsuh ; do. of 
stone, ^ M16. Nu ; an arrow-bag, or quiver, ^ 
^ tsin' toi'. Tsien tdi, ^ ^ tsin' ,nong. Tsien 
nang; an arrow-maker, ^ \ 'ch'i ^yan. Shi jin, 
4^ A tsik, jan. Tsih jin. 

Arrow-head, a plant, ^ ^ jts'z kii. Ts'z kii. 

Arrow-root |/§ !(^ 'ngau 'fan. Ngau fan. 

Arrow-shaped ^ h^ H|!i[ ^|^ "ts'z tsin' 'k6m ydung*. 
Sz tsien kdn ydng. 

Arse, the buttocks of an animal, ^ ^t'lin. T'un, ^ 
^ hau' jt'iin. Ilau t'un ; a short arse, ^ M ^ 
jUdm 'ts6 fat,, Ndn tsii fuh. 

Arsenal, a repository of arms and military stores, |^ 
f^ ^ ."^wan hi' kukj. Kiun k'l kiuh, ^ J^ 'mb 
111'. Wii k'li. 

Arsenic fg ^ sun' shekj. Sin shih ; ditto ore of, ig^j 
i^ ,p'ai ,s6ung. P'i siang, 5J}; ^ ji'ai shck,. P'l 
shih; ditto sulphuret of, A ^ * > s^^" i^"- J'** 
yen, j^jf^ j^ung sun'. Hung sin ; yellow arsenic, 
^ "^ shekj jWong. Shih hwiing. 

Arsenic acid -l-'^Jgjj^ sun' shek, t8'6'. Sin shih ts'ii. 

Arsenical, belonging to arsenic, J^f^^ shuk, sun' 
shekj. Shuhsin shih ; consisting of irsenic, -f^^ 
fli] sun' shekj tik,. Sin shih tih, "fg .^ I^E sun* 
shek, k6'. 

Arsenicate, to combine with arsenic, |@ ^ ^ ,k'au 
sun' shek,. K'ii sin shih. 

Arsenious ^$^'(^ sun' shck^ tik,. Sin sheh tih, ^ 
;g|i|5t sun' shekj k6,. 

Arsis, in prosody, that pari of the foot on which the 
stress of the voice falls, ^ ^ ^ (k5 .shing tsa*. 
Edu shing tsz. 

Arson, the malicious burning of a house of another 
man, iji^ A •"""-'' ''"'>• *''^"g '"^' ^ 'K tsung' 'fo- 
Tsung ho, ti 'K^Km^ f"ns' 'fo .«^»'i J^ 
jfong uk,. Fdng ho shfiu jin f&ng uh. 

Art ^§^ 'shau ngai'. Shau 1, ^^ kl' ngai'. Ki I, 

* 'lliiB a ia alaag, meaaing " man's word," the two characten 
when ooinbino<l forming the first sjUablo of aracnic. 



ART 



— ^^ ngai^ Ipj. I nieh,^ ^ sz' Ip,. Sz nieh, ^ 
:f^5 f5t, shut,. Fah shuli, :^^;i^ ki' shut,. Ki shuh, 
:^ -^ ki- ^i^ung. Ki lidng, X ^ ck"'^? ^S^i^- 
Kung i ; the six liberal or polite arts, -^ ^ luk, 
ngai\ Luh i ; they are, jjif , % |^, f^, ^, f^^ 
etiquette, music, archery, charioteering, writing, 
and arithmetic ; the art of Avar, ^ ^ 'mb ngai^ 
Wii 1, ^ ^h "mo hok^. Wu hioh ; literary exer- 
cises, ^ ^ ^man ngai^ Wan i ; A. B., Bachelor 
of Arts, ^ tJ" sau' ^ts'oi. Siii ts'ai ; A. M., Mas- 
ter of Arts, v^ A '^^ iJ^^- Kii jin ; skill, f^| J^5 
^1 'hdu. Ki k'iau, X^^ 'hdu 'shau. K'idu shau ; 
by art, l^j^^ 'i ki" ngai^ I kl 1 ; adroitness, I^ 
^ 'hail tsit,. K'iau tsieh ; trade, ^^ sz' ip,. Sz 
nieh ; profession, X ^ c^^iig ip^- Kung nieh ; 
the art of jugglery, d^ ^ ch'ik, fat,. Ch'ih fah, 
^ ^ 'shai fkt,. Shi fdh, ^ ^ lung" fdt,. Lung 
f^h, '^^ 'in fat,. Yen folh ; ai-tifice, =|; ^ 'kwai 
kwat . Kwei kiueh ; a mysterious art, ji^> ^ pf 
fat,. Pi fah. 

Artabotrys (Uvaria) J|f| /|V ,ying 'chdu. Ying chdu. 

Artemisia, or mugwort, ^^ ngai' 'ts'6. I ts'au, ^ 
^ts'au. Ts'iu. 

Arterial ^M-^^ ^''^^' ^^K ^'^y T'iau meh tih, j^ 
1^ P^ t'iu' mak, k6' ; pertaining to an artery or 
arteries, 1^ ^ j^^ M ^kwdn .ii t'iii' makj. Kwdn 
yu t'idu meh ; arterial blood, 0fe J3^ J^ t'iu' mak. 
hiit,. T'i6,u meh hiueh. 

Arteriology, a treatise on the arteries, ^ 
t'iu- mak, "li lun-. T'iau meh li km, Mk 



(89) AET 

Kiau hwdh p'o ; seducing, ^ M ^ s^^ jli ^tseng. 
Hu li tsing, ^)^ j^ fi. mf . Hii mei ; artful talk, 



t'iii' mak^ ,chi 'li. T'iau meh chi li. 



Mm 



hiit,. 



K'di 



Arteriotomy \^ ^ M .^ c^oi mak^ fon| 

meh fdng hiueh. 
Artery, a vessel or tube which conveys the blood 

from the heart to all parts of the body, ^ makj. 

Meh, ^ ^ mak^ 'kun. Meh kwan, 1^ ^ t'iu' 

mak^. T'iau meh, m^Zk^'^^^'WM'a E^§. 



mak, 'kiin chi hixt. 



, jau ,sam 



ch'ut. 



wan' -hang 



pdk, 't'ai. Meh kwdn chi hiueh yu sin ch'uh yun 

hang pell t'i ; doubtful terms are, ^^ hiit, mak 

Hiueh meh, ^ ^ kan makj. Kin meh M HI 



.kinj: 



mak^. 



King meh. 



Artesian, artesian wells, ^ ^ tsiin' 'tseng. Tswdn 



tsing. 



Artful, skillful, ^X.^{^ ki' 'hdu tik,. Ki k'iau tih, 
X^ j^ 'hdu miu'. K'iau niiau ; cunning, |^ ^ 
'kwai kwat,. Kwei kiueh; crafty, :^|f 'nau kai'. 
Niu ki, ^ 3|« 'kiiu wat,. Kiau hwah, ^ Jf ^kan 
wkty Kien hwah, ^^^f 'kau 'kui. Kiau kwai' ^§ 
)f 'kui wat,. Kwai hwah, ^f ||^ ^kdn 'kau. Kien 
kiau, :^g^ 'kau chd'. Kiau cha, j(f^ ^k^n clid'. 
Kien ch4, ifjf ^1 M-at; ^k'ai. Hwah k'i, ^^ ^ts'im 
,ts'ii. Sieu ts'ii, ^ f;;^ t'ai' t'ut,. T'i t'uh, 7] 
,titi. Tiau, ^^ ^- kdu wdt,. Kidu hwHh, |^^ ^ 
mak^ ni^ Meh ni ; then I see an artful lad, 7^ ^ 
^ g; Tidi kin' 'kdu jt'ung. Nai kien kiau t'ung; 
an artful woman, ^f -^ ^ ^ ,k&n ning^ ^chi -fu. 
Kien ning chi fu, ;^ ■§• ^ A jCh'^ung shit^ -fii 
^o,n. Ch'Ang sheh f(i jin, ;fe|t^^ 'kdu wdt, ,p'o. 



tsin ^tsin. Tsien tsien ; artful words, X^ 
= 'hdu jin. K'idu yen, ^ |jg k'it, 'kau. K'ieh 
kau, ^^ ,iu jln. Ydu yen, ^ |§ ^liu lik,. Lidu 
lih ; fascinating smile, ^'^ '^^^ 'hau siu' ^ehi 
^ts'o. K'idu siau chi ts'o. 

Artfullj', with art, X'5 ^ 'hdu miu\ K'iduniidu; 
skillfully, -\^ T^ ,ki 'hau. Ki k'idu, % j^ ^mi 
mill'. Wi miau. 

Artfulness, art, :^ 3^ ki" 'hau. Ki k'iau ; cunning, 
1^ Wi kwai kwat,. Kwei kiueh. 

Arthritis, gout, y^M,^ %dLVL ,fung ts^t,. Tsiii fung 
tsih, ypl ^ f^\ 'tsau /ung keuk^. Tsiii fung kioh. 

Article, a section (in a treaty, ordinances &c.), ^ 
'fiin. Kw'an, ^ 'i. I; an item (in an account), 
j^ jt'iu. T'iau ; article, the definite, ^ ;g 1^ 



teng" 



^meng tsz . Ting 



ming tsz 



it is expressed 



by, ,^ ,k'i. K'i, f^ y. Pi, \[Y, ^ts'z. Ts'z, ^ ^koi. 
Kai ; ditto the indefinite, * ^^^^ pat, teng^ 
^meng tsz'. Puh ting ming tsz, — yat,. Yih, ^ 
"mau. Mau; articles of war, ^ ^ ^kwan fAt,. 
Kjun fah ; articles of trade, Y{ ilij] fo' mat^. Ho 
wuh; an article (of trade), -^ kin'. Kien, jg 
hong^ Hiang, ^ shik,. Sih, ^ y^img'. Ydng, 
^ 'fiin. Kw'an ; articles of faith, f^ iS ^-(^ sun' 
to' ^chii jt'iii. Sin tku. chii t'iau; an article of faith, 
i$f^—i^ sun' ,king yat, jt'iii. Sin king yih t'idu; 
articles of food, ^!J^|§ shik, mat^ lui'. Shih wuh 
lui ; articles of furniture, ^ JflL hi' ^ing. K'i 
ming; in the article of death, 'i^^-^B^ jlam 'sz 
^chi jShi. Lin sz chi shi, ^ ^ ^lam ,chung. Lin 
chung, ^^ J.^ 'sz tf. Sz ti ; one article of trade, 
— "ff t^ y^^i k^^ ^"^ • Y^^ kien ho ; each article, 
^ -f^ 'miii kin^ Mei kien ; all the articles are 
spoiled, ^ # ^ y kok, yeung' wai^ 'liii. Koh 
ydng hwdi liau. 

Article, to, to draw up in distinct particulars, ^ ^|J 
^^ ,hoi lit, kok, 'fun. K'ai lieh koh kw'an, ^ 
^|Jig.j^ /an lit, kok, jt'iu. Pan lieh koh t'iau ; to 
stipulate, or bind by articles of covenant, ^ ^ 
kit, yeuk,. Kieh yoh, fjfv^ ting' yeuk,. Ting yoh, 
^ ^^ j^mang yeuk,. Mang yoh ; to agree by arti- 
cles,' gl/i|^^ cheuk, -i kok, 'fiin. Choh i koh 
kw'an. 

Articular, belonging to the joints, ^ 5^|ff ^kwdn /i 
tsit,. Kwdn yu tsieh, ;^'^shuk,tsit,. Shuh tsieh, 
|iJii|)£ tsit, M\ 

Articulata, animals having a jointed structure, but 
no internal skeleton, I^M^c^^M '^»^i Vong, 
kwan jCh'ung 'tang lui'. Iliai p'jing kwan ch'ung 
tang lui, ^^%fSL^:^^%t{ yau tsit, .mo tsek, 
chi ^shang lui'. Yii tsieh wii tsih chi sang lui. 

Articulate, jointed, ^f0 'yau tsit, ; clear, !^ .ming. 
Ming, \i}\ Q ^ming pakj. Ming peh ; an articulate 
pronunciation, '^ ^J '/^ kii' kii' ,ts'ing. Kii kii 
ts'iug, ^HR^BiJ tsz- -'ngan /an ^ming. Tsz yen 
fan ming, ^Hj^ ^ 'koug ^ming pdk,. Kidng ming 



See under A pp. 1 & 8, ' 



aut 

peh, -fft 3f f^PJ ]i ,linf? ,n-a W 'cli'i. Ling ya li 
cU'i ; an articulate voice, f^.m"^^ ,shing jam 
jts'ing leung'. Shiag yin ts'ing liang. 

Articulate, to spoak, i^"^ Hj) 'kong jming. Kiang 
m'rg ; to form into distinct elementary sounds, 
^ Ijl) '-^"^ rj /an ,ming tsz' 'mo yam. Fan ming 
tsz mil yin ; to form into syllables or Avords, fj^ 
W^ jShing jts'z ki'i'. Clung ts'z kii ; to stipulate, 
juT. yi ff^ 1'4'i ,kw'ai .t'iu. Lib kw'ei t'iau ; clear 
enunciation, gfj; fl] f^ -^ shut, tak, jts'eung sik,. 
Shwoli tell ts'^'fi ig sill. 

Articulated, uttered distinctly in syllables or words, 
^ f|}= i^ ^ 'kong tak, ,ts'ing 'cli'o. Kiang teli 
ts'ing ts'u, <ij ^fij fj| ^ ku' kii' ,ts'ing 'ch'o. Ku 
kii ts'mg ts'u, niti m J M, 'kong tak, 'M \V. 
Kidng teh liaa li, ^ ^ Hj) n^ Q {^ shut, tak, 
,ming j.ming pak^ pak^. Shwoh teh ming ming 
peh peh. 

Articulating, uttering in distinct syllables or words, 
^(1)1 'kong jming. Kiang ming, ^ fllf^M 'kong 



takj , ts'ing. 'c'l'o. Kiang teh ts'ing ts'ii, -^ iij '^ 
^ kii' kii' ^ts'ing 'ch'6. Kii kii ts'ing ts'ii. 

Articulation, the juncture of the bones, 'jf'^ kwat. 
kau'. Kuli kiau, j||i 'j^' ^^ jlin kwat, 'che. Lien 
kuli che ; the forming of syllables or words by 
the organs of speech, )f^ pjij fj] jShing jts'z kii'. 
Ching ts'/ kii. 

Artifice, trick, ^^^f 'kwai kai'. Kwei ki, J'Jilf '^^''^^ 
kar. K'idu ki, ^T-.tt' .kankai'. Kienki, ^-^^ ,ki 
jraau. Ki mau, ^,^ ^ 'kwai ^mau. K,wei mau ; 
cunning, |5t J-^ 'ka.i wat^. Kiau hwah ; cheat, ^^ 
|g hi p'iu^ K'i i)'ien ; craft, ^±i^^^^ 'tso 'nau 
yau^ 'nan. Tso niu yii nii'i ; to cheat tl»e ignorant 
by [clever] artifices, ]^'i\ij,^t\ 'i shut, ^ii jan. 
1 shuh yu jin ; full of tiic'<s, f^j^ =^ ^s ^ 'kwai 
,maH pin' wan'. Kwei mau pien hwan, ^ =f ^ 
||j *k\vai kai' pd,k, ch'ut,. Kwei ki peh ch'uh. 

Artificer, an arfs^, ^j^X tseng ,kung. Tsing kung, 
^ ^5 <^ X (ts'eng hau clii ,kung. Tsing k'iiu 
chi kung; a Avorkman, X(5 ^kung tsdung*. Kung 
tsiiing, g \ tseung- jan. Tsiang jin, X A 
,kung jyan. Kung jin; artificers, ^f (g jmeng 
tseung\ Ming tsiang; one who contrives, ji^ =^ 
^ ,ki ,raau 'ciu'>. Ki mau che, J^^g\^{ 'hdu kai' 
'che. K'iau ki ch.«; an inventor. ^^' f-^ l^i 'ch'i 
t30k, 'che. Ch'i tsoh clu', if, iji] ^ ^- ,8an 'hi 
'shau 'che. Sin k'i shau chi', f,l\ \^ ^ chai' tsok, 
'che. Cbi ts:)h che, /j;j i'.l^ ^ ,iin tso' 'ch6. Yuen 
tsdu che ; a cunning fellow, W.Wi^ K 'kwai 
kwat, chi ,yan. Kwt>i kiueh clii jin, g|V Jj'j' ^ X 
'kwai Wiitj ,ehi .yan. Kw(>i hwah chi jin, i^>^^ 
A 'kdu 'kill ,chi ^yan. Kiiiu kwai chi jin ; a cle- 
ver fellow, a per5o:i full of contrivances and re- 
sources, l^l'VvH^:! A P"k, sling ^chi ^yan. Peh ling 
clii jin, iJiM <L K ki' 'K'-ung ,elii ,yan. Ki liilng 
chi jin, ^ /|\: ^}.^ \ Vau 'pun si.' ,chi ,yiin. Yu 
puii sz chi jin. 

Artificial, niiule or coiiiiivi-ii iiv art, 'ff['({j tsok, tik,. 
Tsoh till, ff tt tsok. kc', J^'-^fi:-|i^ 'i 'shau'tsok. 



(00) AUT 

tik,. I shau tsoh tih, f,|J \^i\^ chai' tsok, tik,. Chi 
tsoh tih, |JI;2r0.'j chai' ts;>' tik,. Chi tsau tih, ^ 
I^fff; ,ki 'hau tik,. Ki k'iau tih, K%%^3^ 
i' ch'ut, ke', if;A^.!l1''(5t I'ai' jan 's^ung ch'ut, 
ke', I/? m- tl Hi "1^ .san ,sin 'sdung ch'ut, k6*; 
feigned, ^J^ '^ |g^ jVeung ^Avai tik,. Y^ng wei tih, 
# Jg; "flJt^.yeung ,wai k6', gfi ^ chd' ,wai. Chi 
"*^'ci. f>^ ^^ ngai' ^wai. Wei wei ; not genuine or 

i natural (as a pcreon's conduct), ^^ m4u' ,wai; 
cultivated, not indigenous, as flowers &c., ^ Jjf^ 
(fy ,p'ui 'yeung tik,. P'ei ying tih, }%^li^ .p'ui 
^yeung ke', J^|i|n^ ,p'ui chik^ tik,. P'ei chih tih; 
artificial flowers, |k H, 1^ '«hi <t'ung ii. Chi 
t'unghwd; artificial rockwork, ^ ^ (if ,yiiig 
shekj ^shdn. Ying sliih shan, ^ [\\ shek ^shin. 
Shih shdn, ^ [[] 'k4 ,shin. Kid shdn, ^ ^ [Ij 
'lui shek^ ^shdn. Lui shih shan. 

Artificially, by art, f'^ tsok,. Tsoh, f^ ^ tsok, tik,, 
f^P|f tsok, ke ; to hatch ducks artificially, ^f|| 
-0- pui' dp, "tsai. Pei yah tsz ; ducks hatched ar- 
tificially, 'X^|if?j fo P'ii^ ^P>- Ho pei ydh. 

Artillerist i^^- p'du' 'shau. P'du shau, %^ p'du' 
,ping. P'au ping; a corps of artillerists, — |i|t% 
■^ yat, tiii^ p'^u' 'shau. Yih tiii p'du shau. 

Artillery, ordnance or great gims, ;^ {g tdi^ p'du'. 
Td p'du, A^ tdi^ ch'ung'. Td ch'ung; a park of 
artillery, :k^^-^ tdi' p'du' yat Jui'. • Td p'du 
yih tiii, — I5|jtA*k yat, tui' tdi' p'du'. Yih tiii td 
p'du ; a train of artillery, ^ ^^ p'du' hi'. P'du 
k'i; to practice artillery, ^ ?@. shi' p'du'. Shi 
p'au, fjH *a 'shai p'du'.* Shi p'du, ^ A *& .ts'6 
tdi' p'au'. Ts'du td p'du, j|^ ^ kdu' p'du'. Kidu 
p'du ; artillery men, see Artillerist. 

Artisan, a l:and-crafts-man, X U ,kung ts6ung*. 
Kung tsidng, X. i^ ^ <kung tsok, 'ch6. Kung 
tsoh che, X pl6 .kuiig ^sz. Kung sz ; a mechanic, 
j:"5 X 'li^u ,kung. K'idu kung ; an excellent me- 
chanic, l^X. sl<^'"nS ;kung. Liang kung, ^^|^ 
'h5 'shau shai'. llau shau shi; a master mechanic, 
Oifj ^ ,sz fu^ Sz fii, -^JLU t^i' <kung ,sz. Td 
kung sz. 

Artist, a pei"son who professes and practices one of 
the liberal arts, ^t^<^X .tseng'hiu /-hi ^kung. 
Tsing k'idu chi kung, ^ X ^H ^' tsdp, kung 
ngai^ 'che. Sih kung i cluS, ^ A'i^:^— ^ tsSp, 
luk^ ngai* ,chi yat, 'ch(5. Sih luh i chi yih ch6; 
an engraver, ^ X .tiii ,kung. Tiiu kung; a 
l)ainter, '^X ^vdk^ (wd ) ,kung. Ilwdh kung; an 
architect, X |£ ^kung tseung'. Kung tsidng. 

Artiste, one who i^ particularly dexterous and tast- 
I'ul in ahnost any art, as an opera dancer &e., ^^ 
^ 4^- ,p'ai ,yau 'ch6. Fdi yii che, M^^Z^ 
^ shuk^ ,p'di ^yau .chi ki' 'che. Shuh p'di yu 
chi k\ che. 

.Vrtless, unskillful, ^, cbiit,. Chueh, Jgf ^ 'ch'un 
chiit,. Ch'uu chueh, ^ ^tiJ s" chiit,. Yii chueh, 
^ iTfe "ch'un tun'. Ch'uu tun ; without skiU fg 

' xliis form b U8\.-<1 iu euumvmtiou ; the next ia g«iierul oouTcr- 
sation. 



AM 



fi'riami 



(01) 



AS 



^<; jino ^ts'oi jtiang tik^. Wu ts'ai nang tili; unaf- 
fected, |iB it .sliun chik^. Shun eliili, [tliltSt 
cliik, jCli'eung chile, "t'o. Chih ch'ang chih t'u, j\^'> 
J^^i^ <sam ^ch'eung 'ho chik^. Sin ch'ang hau 
cluh, *^ [|[ ^ciiung chikj. Chung chih, M fj^ jnb 
ngai". Wu wei ; simple, ^,§, ^chan ^li. Chin yii ; 
open, frank, P'^.j^Ci) '^^^^ tiii' sam. K'autui sin, 
M j^ y ^ jmo jWang a ^ch'eung. Wii hung ya 
ch'<4ng ; an artless tale, ;§, [f; ;^ g^jj clmng cliik, 
^chi shiitj. Chung chili chi shwoh. 

Artlessness, uuaffectedness, ^ ^ ^ ^shun chik 
'che. Shun chih che ; sincerity, -^ i^ ^tan ^sara. 
Tan sin ; simplicity, ^ ^^ ^chan ^ii. Chin yu ; 
without guile, Mfi^ .mo ngai". Wu wei. 

Artocarpus, jack fruit, ^ |§ ^ jo Jo mat^,. Po lo 
mih. 

Arum aquaticum, the taro, ^ np ii' ,t'au. Yu t'au ; 
the leaves of ditto, ^ ^ li' ip,. Yu yeh ; the 
early sort of ditto, .^ ^ 'tso ir. Tsau yu ; the 
stalks of ditto, ^ 'kang. Kang, ^ ^ u' ^hang. 
Yu hang, ^ ^ u- kon'. Yu kan ; other hut 
doubtful names for the ar. aquaticum are, ^ 
tso". Tsii, ^ ^ ^mau jfan. Man fcin. 

Arundinaceous, resembling the reed or cane, ^^'^If^ 
lui" ^s'z jt'ang. Lui sz fang, M ^ ;Jig ^, "ii 
,t'ang s^ung lui'. 

Arundineous, abounding with reed, 3^ ^ .ts'ung 

i|»|[ ^ Tnun shiv ^t'ang. 



,t'ang. Ts ung fang, -JJ^ 
Mwfin shii t'ang. 

Aruspex, a sooth-sayer, ^\\ -^ kwd' meng'. Kwa 
ming, 1^ ^|» ^chim kwa'. Chen kwa. 

Aruspicy, the act of progrosticating by inspection 
of the entrails of beasts slain in sacrifice, ^. ^ 
J^ |> ^ |2<| im- shau- ^ch'eung puk, kat^ Jiung. 
Yen shau ch'ang pub kih bung, Ejl ^ ;^ ||g. ^j» 
shau^ jCh'eung ^chi im' kwa'. Shau ch'ang chi yen 
kwa. 

As ^ ^ 'ho -ts'z. Hau sz, ^ yduk^. Joh, ^ri ,u- 
Ju, ^m"^^ sii yeuk,. Ju joh, ^^1^- jau yeuk,. Yu 
joh, ^ Vz. Sz,' ^:\ % -ts'z ,u. Sz hu, <^ m, 
'oi jin. Ngai jen, f^ ^ tseung' "ts'z. Siang sz, 
t^ f^ %ng fat,. Fang fuh, -f^ f|. Hs'z hai^ Sz 
^^> y& ^ 1^^\ slii'- Joli sill, ^\k %1 chong- ,ii. 
Chwang yu, 1^ ^/^ 'iin ^in. Yuen jen, H Jr^; chi' 
'pi. Chi pi ; as long as broad, ^ f^^p — ' sCL'eung 
flit, ,ii yaf . Ch'ang kw'oh ju yih, — i|M fl 7^]'. 
yeung- jCh'eung fiit,. Yih yang ch'ang kw'oh, jflj 
^ |h) f^ jf ung jCh'eung ,f ung fiit,. T'ung ch'ang 
f ung kw'oh, %i \^ — ^ ^tsung ^wang yat, shik,. 
Tsung hung yih shib ; as much as you please, ^ 
d^^'iii^^i.M cto 'shiii yam' 'ni 'chii 1'. To shdu 
jin ni chu 'C$> ^p ^ f^* ^to 'sbiu tsoi- ni, ^ 4> 
^ j^ ,to 'sbiu ^to 'ho. To shau tii hau, M |^ ^ 
'^ ^mo lun- ^to 'shiii. Wu lun to shau ; as clear 
as crystal, ^n 7|c p^ py- ^ ,ii 'shui ^tsing kom' 
^tw'ong. Ju shwui tsing kan kwdng ; as black as 
a devil, ^^rtJ\^ * mak^ 'kwai kom' hak^.JIeh 
kwei kdn lieh j as black as Un fan t , ^ i^ pjj' 



II tiTiH 



M jiin jf dn kom' hak . Iliueu t'an kail lieh ; as 
black as the devil, /|| % \i\\ M mo 'kwai kom' 
hak,. Mo kwei kaa heh ; mad as I was, ^i^^^,^ 
p^ ^sui jin *ts'z ngong'. Sui jen sz chun ; were 
fas you, ^1^ ^l fl f^ 'f ong ^ngo 'ts'z -'ni. T'ang 
wo sz ni ; do as I bid you, |j§ fj^ 3 J <f eng 'ngo 

wa'. T'ing wolwa, ^3Al^W^M\^k diii'i' 'ngo 
^fan fii' 'ni 'kom tso". Chan wo fan fii ni kdn tso, 
f^^lTuff <ts'ung meng-,i Jiang. Ts'ung ming 
rh hang ; as follows, Im ^^ Ji ban'. Ju hau, li\\ 
j^ jii 'tso. Jii tso ; as you please, (^f/j^ (ts'ui %i. 
Svii'ni, lift, f eng' 'ni. T'ing ni, fij^ yam^ ^ni. 
Jin ni ; as it appears to me, Hf-^ ^if ^ chiu' 'ngo 
'sho kin'. Chaa wo so kien, fl^^|j^f|5J^ kii' 'ngo 
hon' Joi. Kii wo k'rin lai, "^: J^ ||^ j^ tsoi' 'ngo 
't'ai jloi. Tsai wo t'i lal ; as you like it, ^\] ^ jU 
i'. Jii i ; as large as a cart-wheel, iiw I|i ^'im ;^ :/C 
,ii ^kii lun' ^chi tar. Ju kii lun chi Id ; as large as 
a bomboo tray, ijfn'^^flilli'/;! X S^ ,wo Jam kom' 
flit . Ju kwd Idn kdn kw'oh; as if it were said, ^]|^ 
jau ,in. Yu yen, ^^^ 'ho 'ts'z wd', ^^^:X^i 
'ho ^s'z shiit,. Hau sz sbwoh ; as if dumb or 
speechless, ^X Z^ h}; "^ 'ts'z pat, ,nang jin. Sz 
pub nang yen, itf ^ pg. gg ^| <h5-'ts'z ^m 'kong 
tak,; as soon as he heard he answered, — liglt-o" 
yat, ^f eng tsau' tdp^. Yih t'ing tsiii tdh ; as soon 
as, — ^ yat, Jdng. Yih king ; as you say, BSffj^ 
|jjf ?^ chili' 'ni 'sho 'kong. Chdii ni so kiang, '^ 
19 i^ sP'^Ho '1 shiit,. P'ang rh sbwoh ; as usual, 
H3 '^* chill' jSbeung. CbaucLdig; as formerly 
(or of old), m fj chili' kau'. Chau kiii, iJ) ^| 
,ying kair. Jing kiii, -f|c ^ <! kaiv. I kiii, -fF^ ,^ 
jing Jn. Jing jen, i^^dfiMJik S S^ jU kiV. I jen 
jii kii, B8, ^ chiu' 'kau. Chau kiii ; even as, J£ 
im ching' ji. Clung jii ; as for, %^] J^ lun' k'ap^. 
Lun kih, |f^2^ shiit, k'ap,. Sbwoh kill, 5? ^ chi' 
^ii. Chi yii ; as well as, i]^ ping'. Ping, ^ ping'. 
Ping, ^ ^kim. Kien ; as it were, j^ -^ tseun^ 
^ts'z. Siang sz ; as, while, during, ||.'|: ,shi. Shi, 
f^ ,kaa. Kien, |I^^ tsai'. Tsi ; as I went along, 
I? M ^ n;^' ,king kwo' ^chl ,skl. King kwo chi 
shI, t73ii^;^rFil Jiang kwo' ^chi ^kdn. Hang kwo 
chi kien ; as yo"u love me, '^ '^ ^ 'f ong oi' 
^ngo. T'ang ngai wo ; as without, unless, ^ ^ 
jCh'a ^fi. Cli'il fi ; as without them the thing 
could not have been done, |^^ ^|^ fiH ^ ^ 
l\)], Ii pjj yf; ri ]ti ^cb'ii ,fi J'd ,chl ,pong 
cho', sz' tsak, pat, .nang ^shing. Ch'ii fi t'd chi 
pdng tsii, sz tseh pub nang ching ; all such as, 
^jf ^ 'sho 'yau. So yu ; I too'? such as I pleased, 
ifjl'^^^^MZ 'sho oi' 'clie 'ngo 'ts'ii chi. So 
ngdi die wo ts'ii chi, ^M^Jt i''fM; '"§» 'ts'ii 'she 
oi' ke' ; I love him as well as you, fi^#fg'ji|f^ 
py- :gf -'ngo oi' 'k'ii Hi Tii kom' shanr. Wo ngai 



* Ihis means not the devil, bat a moor, t Name of an idol, who 
protects people from the attacks of tigers. : "W hen people 
cannot part with a single cash, they are said to look at ono 

cash as if it were as large as a bamboo tray |^ ~^ ^ ^H 



nrnm- 



A6A 



(»i) 



ASC 



k'ix yu n( Un shin, fj^ ;^ '^ {{jl flii 0| fill || 'ngo j 
^cUi oi' ySk 'ii *i ,m6 i*. Wo chi ngdi t'i yu rh j 
HTU i ; as rich as you, ^ f^^ pH" ^ jt'ung *ni | 
k6m' fu", P(l 1^ f^ Pt ^ $^ tsik, hai' 'ni k5m' ,to 
,t9'in. Tsih hi ni kin to ts'ien, ^fffp^tti. ^^K 
'ni k6m' jts'oi 'chii. Hioh ni kin ts'^i chii; as yet, i 
fjj^ shdung'. Shdng ; he is not home as yet, ^ 
t^ ^ ^ y& Bh6ung' mi' ,loi. T'i sh4ng wi Mi ; 
as for example, ^ -^ 'h6 *ts'z, Hiu sz. 

Asafoetida (5n) |5| ,o ngai\ O wei. 

Asarum, wild spikenard, ^ ^ sai' ^san. Si sin, /l^ 
•^ 'siii ,san. Si4u sin. 

Asbestos,") (^ji^;g ^yeung'hishekj. Ydngk'ishih, 

Asbestus, ) ^>p^/fC pat, /lii mukj. Puh hwui muh, 
j|# ;^ <! 35 Jioi' 'lo (Chi yukj. N4i ho chi yuh. 

Asbolin, a yellow, oil-like matter, obtained from 
soot, ,^ j^ •;il| ,u ,in jau. Wd yen yu. 

Ascaris (pi. Ascarides) ^ J^ /]> ^ wai* ,ch'6ung 
'siu jCh'ung. TVei ch'dng siiu ch'ung. 

Ascend, to, to move upward, J^ 'shdung, Shing, 
Jt -i- ^sh^ung hii'. Shl>ng k'u, ^ ^tang. Tang, 
K- .sliing. Shing, [^ ,shing. Shing, fj- J^ ^shing 
'sh^ung, f |- ^ (Shing ^kb. Shing k4u, \i}p chik,. 
Chih, ^4 ^shing. Sliing, ^ ^ >ng ,k6. Tang 
kdu, ^^ nlj)j tang. Nieh tang, ^^^ nip^ k6uk,. 
Nieh kioh, ^ ,shing. Shing, ^|f kik,. Keh, J^ 
.tsai. Tsi, ji'^ ,tsai. Tsi, ^ yduk,. Yoh; to ascend 
a mountain, J^. [U ^sh^ung ^sh^n. Shdng shin, 
-^llj ,tdng ,8hin. Tang shin; to ascend a throne, 
^ ^ <tang wai^ Tang wei, ^ ;^ ^ .tang tdi' 
*p6. Tang td pau, ^-^ ^tang kik^. Tang kih, ^ 
>g[ tsiu' wai\ Tsien wei, {^ p^ tsin* ts6'. Tsien 
tsii. ^ S ,tang ,ki. Tang ki, |5# -^ -fe chik. tai' 
wai^ Chih ti wei, g(] '(i tsik, wai^ Tsieh wei ; to 
ascend the nine hills, ^ ^ ;/l [^ c*^^^^ c^ 'ka^ 
jling. Tsi yu kiii ling ; to ascend a carriage, ^ 
^ jShing kk'. Ching kill, ^r^L jShing ^kii. Ching 
kii, ^ '|l kd' ,ku. Kid ku ; to ascend a horse, ^ 
.^ ^shing Wi. Ching md, Jt. ,^ ^sh^ung *mi. 
Shdng ml ; to ascend a hall, (^ ^ ,8hing ,t'ong, 
Shing t'kng; to ascend as vapor, ^ .ching. Ching; 
to ascend daily (rise in honor and rank), ^^ (J 
Jt, ,ching ,ching yat, 'shdung. Ching ching jih 
shfeug ; to ascend and descend (as the sim and 
moon), ff (^ ,shing kong'. Shing kidng, |I>^ [^ 
chik, kong'. Cliih kidng, J^ f^ 'sh^ung lok^. 
Shkng loh ; the spirits (souls) ascend to heaven, 
^^1J^^ jwan jShing ,u ^t'ln. Hwan shing y\i 
t'ien ; to ascend steep places, ^ ^ ,V^^^ t^sai- 
P'kn tsi ; to ascend one degree in rank, ^ — ^ 
^shing yat, k'ap,. Shing yih kih ; to ascend high 
trees, ^^^^ ^ts'ia ,u ,k'iu muk,. Ts'ien yd 
k'i&u muh ; we daily ascend to loftier ideas, Q 
^ (^ ^ yatj tsun' ,k5 i'. Jih tsin kiui i ; to pro- 
ceed from modem to ancient times, Q '4^ ^ "^ 
tsz' ,kam chi' 'ku. Tsz kin chi kd ; to tower, J^ 
^ ,k6 'sung. Kdu sung. 1 

Ascendant, superiority, ^^ ,ch'id iit,. Ch'du vuoh, j 
^ 4 ,ch'id ch'6uk^. Ch'iu ch'oh, slung'. ' 



Shing; commanding influence, tt ^ j§ ^ 'vau 
jk'un ,ch'iu ,t'd. Yd k'iuen ch'du t'd, -^ ^i^j^ 
^ \ 'yau jk'un ^ch'id ut^ kwo* jan. Yd k'iuen 
ch'du yueh kwo jin ; an ancestor, or one who 
precedes in genealogy, ^J |^ ,ts'in pui'. Ts'ien 
pei, ^ A c^^^ jyaii- Sien jin ; to be in the ascen- 
dant, ^ ^ *yau jk'iin. Yd k'iuen. 

Ascended, ri.sen, ^ '^ (Shing kwo'. Shing kwo; 
mounted, ^ }J^ ^^ang kwo'. Tang kwo ; gone to 
heaven, ^ '^ ^ .shing kwo* .t'in. Shing kwo 
t'ien, Jt >^ ^ *sh^ung kwo' ^t'in. 

Ascendency, authority, ^ ^k'un. K'iuen, ^ 
jk'un shai'. K'iuen shi ; to get the ascendency, 
^^ lung^ jk'un. Limg k'iuen, ^^ '1dm ,k'un. 
Ldn k'iuen; to have iniluence, ^ ifll "5^ *yau 
min* 'tsz. Yd mien tsz, ^ ff jiif 'yau 't'ai mln'. 
Yd t'i mien, ^^^ ^aii shing shai'. Yd shing 
shi. 

Ascending, rising, ^ Jl .sliing 'shdung. Shing shdng, 
^.tang. Tang, 1^- , shing. Shing, ^ ,tsai. Tsi, 
^ jshing. Ching, ^ kk\ Kid ; ascending to the 
sky, ^ ^ ^ts'dm .t'In. Ts'dn t'ien ; ascending 
vessels, mJl^M^^ ^^^' shdimg^ .chi mak^ *kdn. 
Chi shdng chi raeh kwdn ; ascending latitude, ^ 
^^ <shiug 'wai t6'. Shing wei td. 

Ascension, the act of ascending, ^ j^ :^ .shing 
'sh^ung 'eh6. Shing shtag che ; the ascension of 
Christ, -S '^ ><: # ^ ,Ki tuk, ,chl .shing .t'fn. 
Ki tub chi shing t'ien ; the feast of ascension, ^ 
^ZpM .sliing .t'in ^chi tsit, ^k'l. Shing t'ien 
chi tsieh k'i ; ascension-days, ]^|I ,^ ^ ^ J^ F| 
.Y6 ,8d ,shing t'ln chi vat,. Y6 sd shing t'ien chi 

jih. 

Ascent, the act of rising, ^ J^ ,shing *sh6ung. 
Shing shdng, ^ ^ ,tang J;6. Tang kdu ; accli- 
vity, f^^ jts'd ^po. Sie po ; an eminence, \\\^ 

kb konsr. Kdu 



m 



Kidi kih ; the as- 



.shdn 'ling. Shan ling, 
kdng ; steps, jjg ^ kdi k'ap,. 
cent to a hall, |^ ,kdi. Kidi ; an ascent of three 
steps, H IS ^ f^ ,s^ni k'ap, chi ,k6. Sin kih 
chi kdu ; the nine ascents, ^ }^ 'kau ^koi. 
Ascertain, to make certain, by examination. ^ 
,ch'd. Ch'd, ^ ch'dt,. Ch'dh, M 'hdu. K'&u, |i 
.k'di. K'i, ^ hat^. Heh. % g 'hdu hat^. K'ku 
heh, ^ kau'. Kid, %^ 'hdu kdu'. K'du kid, -^ 
^ .sham kau'. Shin kid ; to ascertain by measure- 
ment, U',16ung. Lidng ; ditto by calculation, ff 
1^ *td sun'. Td swkn ; to ascertain by interoga- 
tion, ft^ man*. "Wan ; to ascertain the meaning of 
a word, ^^^ 'hdu tsz' i*. K'du tsz I ; to ascer- 
tain clearly, ^9J '^^^^ jming. K'du ming, ^^ 
plu* ,ming. Pien ming, ^ ^J ;^ pin' t5' ,ts'ing. 
Pien iiin ts'ing ; to ascertain the truth, :^' i^ i|| 
"i *hdu ,k'i k'ok, ku'. K'du k'i k'ioh kd, ^'UVi 
,ch'd ,k'I k'ok, shat,. Ch'fi k'i k'ioh shih, tl' 
Sin '\k t'dm' k'ok, shat^. Td t'dn k'ioh shih ; 
to ascertain the cireunistanccs, ^ ^^ fj^ ^ *tA 
,^' ,ts'ing jing. Td t'dn ts'ing hin?, tT ^ tit 
5r''^ t'dm' .hd shat^. Td t'du hti shih. ^J^ ^ H 



ASC 






(03) 



ASH 



-fg t'am' t'eng' ^chan 'ka ; to ascertain liow many, 
l^ung ^to 'kwd. Liang to kwa ; to ascer- 






T'li 



man" fo' shatj kd' 
jming ka' 



man 



tain by reckoning, it^rfilHiii^S kai' siin* ^ shik, 
chl. Ki sTran rh sliih clil ; to ascertain the price 
of a commodity, ^ '^ ^ 
Wan ho shih ki^, f^ BJ[) ^ 
jts'in. Wan ming kia ts'ien ; not to be ascertain- 
ed, f^^ ffii # J^^t, jau ,1 'hdu. Muh yii rh k'au, 
|tt pf^ ,m6 'ho 'h£u. Wu k'o k'au, Mff ^ ,m6 
tak, 'hdu^ Wu teh k'du, -^ ;^ shat, 'hdu. Shih 
k'du. 

Ascertainable, that may be reduced to certainty, pf 
% ^^ fi 'ho 'hau tak, ^chan. K'o k'iau teh chin, 
if U. %% 'ho jCh'a tak, k'ok,. K'o ch'a teh k'ioh, 
"^^^^ft 'ho ^chi tak, ^chan. K'o chi teh chin, 
^^tf W ^'^^' ^'P"?' tak, shat^. T'an t'ing teh 
shih. 

Ascertained, reduced to a certainty, "^^^^^^ 'hdu 
kwo' ,chan '\k. K'au kwo chin kia, %\ ^Ij ^ % 
,chi t6' k'ok, shat,. Chi ttiu k'ioh shih, :^ ^ ^ 
J^ ^ t'Am' t'eng' kwo' ^hu shat^. T'dn t'ing kwo 
hii shih ; I have ascertained the signification of 

the word, ^aM^^ W^ '1>^^ ^^^' *^^^^ t^^^ ^^^*> 
1\ K'au kwo tsz chl shih i, :^;^^^B5lJfi tsz' 
^chl i' jChi tb' ^chan. Tsz chl 1 chl tau chin. 

Ascertainer, the person who ascertains, :^ ?^ ^ ^ 
'hdu k'ok shat^ 'ch6. K'du k'ioh shih ch6, ;^ || 
^ 1^ ^ t'am' t'eng' ,chan 'ka 'che. T'an t'ing 
chin kia ch^'. 

Ascertaining, reducing to a certainty, ^fij^ 'hdu 
jChan 'kd. K'ku chin kia, ^ 5g ^ ^ch'a k'ok, 
shat,. Ch'd k'ioh shih, tJ ;^''tat'dm'. Td t'in, 
;^^ t'am' t'eng'. T'an t'ing. 

Ascertainment, the act of ascertaining, ^ '$^ '^ 
'hdu k'ok, shatj. K'du k'ioh shih, g^-fg^ jCh'd 
^chan 'kd 'ch6. Ch'd chin kid che. 

Ascetic, retired from the world, J^ fii: ^^ pi^ shai' 
trk,. PI shi tih, ^ p |^^ ^kwai Van tik,. Kwei 
yin tih, jg f^fj^ pf tmk^ tik,. Pl'suh tih. If ^ 
'yan yat^. Yin yih ; rigid in devotions and morti- 
fications, ^f^ sukj tseng^. Suh tsing, ^ iji^ mi^ 
jShln. Wi shen ; ascetic (devotional) books, ^j\j> 
^ 'y^ung jSam ^shii. Ykng sin shu. 

Ascetic, an, a recluse, y^\\t^\ pi^ shai' ^chi jan. 
Pi shl Chi jin, m 1 M <kwai 'yan 'c\i6, jt ^ ^ 
pi' tsuk, 'ch6. Pi suh ch^, |g f yan sz". Yin sz, 
^ji[;;^\\ hi' shai' ^chi ^yan. K'l shl chl jin ; one 
who practices undue rigor and self-denial in reli- 
gious things, ^^;^ suk^ tsen^ 'che. Suh tsing 
ch6 ; to become an ascetic, A ^ ^ ^ t^ :^ 
ydp, jlam ii'- 'ts'6 'yam ^ts'lin. Jili lin jii ts'ku 
yin ts'iuen. 

Ascians, ") persons, who, at certain times of the year, 

Ascii, ) have no shadow at noon, ^ H$ JE ^ 
MW>^ ^^K jShi ching' 'ng ^mb 'ying 'ch6. Hwoh 
shl ching wli wd ying ch6, M ^^ ^ ,mb 'ying 
'ch6. Wli ying chd. 

Ascites, dropsy of the belly, ^^ 'ku ch6ung'. Kii 
chdng, ^ ^ 'sliui 'kii. Shwui kd, H ^ ^16 ! 



Ku 



ch^ung*. Lu chdng, ^i ^ ^'b chdung'. 
chang. 

Ascitic, dropsical, ^ ^ "It 'ku ch^ung' k6'. 
chdng [^^] tih; belonging to an ascites, ^[ 
shuk^ 'ku ch6ung'. Shuh kii chdng. 

Ascribe, to attribute, ^ ,kwai. Kwei, ^ M. ^kwai 
'ii. Kwei yu ; to ascribe the crime to him, ^ ^ 
^' ^ ^kwai kau' ^ii ^t'a. Kwei kiu yii t'd ; the 
people ascribe it to you, \l^'^i^ jan *i ^wai 
^1. Jin 1 wei ni, X^^^i^,^^ ^^ jan v^k'hai' 

^ni tsb' k6', KKMm<]WAi^^ jai^ cja" ,kwai 
i^ni ^ti sz ^u ni. 

Ascribed, imputed, ^3|^ ^kwai kwo'. Kwei kwo, |^ 
M^ll^ ^kwai 'ii kwo'. Kwei yu kwo ; it is ascribed 
to you, AM'^^i^^iXM syan wd^ hai^ -'nl tsb'- 
kwo'. 

Asellus ^^]^ tf 'p'b. Ti p'd, i=jjJ^ ti' ^cliii. Tl chu, 
±^ 't'b pit,. T'i\ pieh. 

Ash color y^ ^ ^fiii shik,. Hwui sih. 

Ash hole ^ '^ tsb' fat,. Tsdu kuh. 

Ash tree ^ jjfj^ ^M^di shu'. IJwai shu, ^J^ (?) ,woii^ 
jWdi. Hwang hwdi. 

Ash, to, to strew or sprinkle with ashes, j^ 0i sht^ 
/lii. Sdh hwui. 

Ashamed, to be or feel, ^ ^i, ^sau 'ch'l. Siu ch'i, 
^^ kin' ^sau. Kien siu, il^^i* kin' ^sau 'ch'l. 
Kien siii ch'i, ^^'^ kin' ^sau kw'ai'. Kion siii 
kw'ei, J^^ jSaUjts'am. Siii ts'un, ^^ 'lii^sau. 
K'l siii, ^ ^ ^hbm ^sau. Hdn siu, |^ ^ ^ts'dm 
kw'ai'. Ts'an kw'ei, i^^ tai' kw'ai'.'Tai kw'ei, 
tStt 'P'^ kw'ai'. P'du kw'ei, Jg-p ,sau uik,. Siu 
nib, H if^ ^sau lun'. Siii lun, '^ ^ ^wdi ^ts'am. 
Hwdi ts'dn, J||| kin' 'ch'au. Kien ch'au, ^ ^ 
,chl 'ch'au. Chl ch'au, ^ || kok, 'ch'au. Kioh 
ch'au, Ui ]§^ jts'am nuk,. Ts'dn nuh, WJJ ^ ^t'b 
't'lm. T'du t'ien, "l^ nuk,. Nuh, ^{a ^U nuk, ,nl. 
Nuh nl '^m ci M'- I tsz, ig;--^ sap, ^tsz, f^f^ 
hak, ^t'ai. Heh t'l, ff '^ .mo 'io. Mo lo, ^ f|^ 
.pi ^tsau. PI tsau, ^ ^lun. Lin, j^ "^ tat^ tsut,. 
l\ih tsuh, |g nik,. Nib, j^ 'tin. Tien, ^ ngai'. 
I, it kii'. Kii, ^ 'sin. Sien, g^ nuk,. Nuh, i% 
kw'ai'. Kw'ei ; are you not asliamed ? @|, P^- 1|, 
'ch'au ^m 'ch'au; do you not feel ashamed, f;5»Pa M 
J^^ii> ^nl ^m kin' .sau 'ch'l ; i feel ashamed of my 
stupidity, ^^^^f' kw'ai' 'ngo ^mb ^ts'oi. Kw'ei 
wo wu ts'di, ^'t^^ffig^ tsz- kw'ai' ^mb ^nang. Tsz 
kw'ei Wli nang ; to feel ashamed of receiving so 
many favors, PpJJ ^ ^t'b 't'lm. T'au t'ien ; not feel 
ashamed for telling a lie, A ^ ^ M t^'i* s^ii pat, 
jts'dm. Td yen piih ts'dn ; to feel qmte ashamed, 
^M ^ h. sit, tuk, ,chl chl'. Sieh tub chl chl, 
il ^ i^ M tsz' kok, jwdi ^ts'am. Tsz kioh hwdi 
ts'dn ; ashamed to be seen, ^ff ,l'n ^mb 't'ai mln'. 
Wli t'l mien, g ^MM tsz' kok, 'n&n ^ngdn. Tsz 
kioh ndn yen, nij ,fi-^#fe mln' ^hung ^1 It^. Mien 
hvmg rh jeh, '^ nij ^ ^ Tniin min' kw'ai' shik,. 
Mwdn mien kw'ei sih ; lo make ashamed, (<§■ f^ 
p|f ^m 'pi mln'. Wii pi mien, ^^ ^sau yuk^. Siii 
juh, ^A5^<tMipn'ki. Tiaujin UA, f-^M 



ASH 



(94) 



Ask 



A>MM. 



Jl ^ii> liog* ^^^ kiu' ,sau 'ch'i. Ling jin kien siu ] 
ch'i. # n m W\ ¥ 'k'ii ,m6 minS ^^UM 
ling* y& 'ndn ,ngAn, Ling V& n^n yen, ^ ftj^ g 
^Jl chl* .t'k tsz* kw'ai'. Chi t'd tsz kw'ei; I am 
ashamed of him, ^^ flU '/^ ;^ |lc ,im t'A ,u hntii 
*ngo. Hien t'd wii mei wo, fflfBt-t^^ P'«i' 'k'ii 
,t'o 'ch'au ^ngo. P'a [f{|l] ,t'd t'o ch'au wo; bash- 
ful, as Chinese women, 'j'^ g^ p'a' 'ch'au. VA 
ch'au, "^1^ jWAi ^sau. Hwdi siu, ^^ tAV kw'ai'. 
Tdi kw'ei, -^ J^ jh6m ,sau. Iljin siu; to be asham- 
ed of bad clothes, fli^^;5f< 'ch'i ok, ,1. Ch'i ngoh 
i ; not be ashamed to learn from an inferior, "^ 
m, 'JC [|{] pat, 'ch'i h6} man*. Puh ch'i hiA wan ; 
to be ashamed on accoimt of any one, "f^JSl^SllJt 
toi^ jwai 'p'6 kAv'ai'. Tai wei p'au kw'ei, f^\e.^ 
3!^ tang' 'k'ii kin' 'ch'au. 

Ashery, a place for ashes, ^C |^ M '^^ S^^ ^^- -^^ 
hwui uh, j/C;^M ^^^ '^^^ ^^k- ^^^ ^'^^ ^^^ > ^ place 
where potash is made, ^^^'Ij^^]^ 'cliing 'kdn 
,sh4 ^chi ch'ii'. Ching kien sha chi ch'u. 

Ashes 'Z;;^ 'lb /ui. Ho hwoii, ^ Un. Hwui, ]^^ 
^fdi 'tsun. Hwui tsin, ^:^ ,yau. Iliii, ^)^ ^ 'fo 
'shi. Ho shI ; the ashes of opium, ^^^^^ * ,A 
p'ln* ,in 'shi. Yap'ienyen shi, jft^jpc ,ln<f>ii. Yen 
hwui ; the ashes of charcoal, ^^ t'dn' ^fui. T'dn 
hwui, i)^')^^}^ 'fo ,shiu ^chl ^fiii. llo shku chi 
hwui; to sit in dust and ashes f , ^^"^^ tso* 
,u jt'6 t'dn'. Tso yu t'li t'dn. 

Ash- Wednesday ^ ^ shing' /lii yat^. Shing 
Hwui jib. 

Ashore, on shore, ^f^Jl tsoi* ngon^ sh^ung^. Tsdi 
ngdn shdng, j^ _t. ngon^ sh(5ung^. Ngdn shdng, 
Pjl ^: Jt 'hai ngon^ sh^ung^ ; to go ashore, Jt. ^ 
'sh^ung ngon^ Shdng ngdn, ^ ^ ,tang ngon^ 
Tang ngdn, ^ ^ ^mdi ngon^ Mdi ngdn ; to go 
ashore first, ^ h ^ ^^^^ 'shdung ngon^ Sien 
shdng ngdn ; to pull ashore, ^ ^ ^J^ chau^ mdi 
jt'au. Chau mdi t'au ; aground, as a ship, »J^ y]^ 
hong' ,shd. Hdng shd, >j(Ji j^ hong' 'ts'in. Hdng 
ts'ien ; to run ashore, f|[ '^ hop^ ^sha. K'oh shd, 
^ f^> 'ho ,8hfe. K'o shd. 

■A-shy p^f|(j ,fui tik,. Hwui tih, J^ Pf^f ^fili k(5' ; ash- 
colored, 01'^ fi'ii sliik,. Hwui sih. 

Asia, the continent, ^ ^^ i|Ji j]] Asaid ,chau. Asid 
chau ; nations of ditto, >Jii ^\]\ i^^^ Asaid ,chii 
kwok,. Asid chii kwoh. 

Asiatic, an, a native of Asia, ^ -f;!!! »]jf |^^ \ Asaid 
tik, jyan. Asid tih jin, ^\i ^^\^ v^ /^ Asaid k6' 
jan, ^,^ri;;t A Asaid ^yan. Asid jin. 

Asiatic, pertaining to Asia, ^ Ult^'W ?u' shuk^ Asaid. 
Shuh Asid, ►Si|lllS'6'I Asaid tik,.' Asid tih, ^.^jfl 
.^'■^ Asaid k(i' ; it comes from Asia, -j^.^i^HH^S* 
^P^ hai' Asaid ,loi k6' ; it grows in Asia, -j^ ijji 

• Thii is the moat yul(?ar term, bnt frequently hoard among the 
people and even made use of iu lott^rB &c. f This scutance is 
found ill Mcnciua and meanii that to speak vith a bad man 
would hsvo boeu to Pehi the same as sitting with his court 
rvW and oourt cap in mire and ashM, 



'M'^A^U • bai' Asa-^ ^hang k6', Ji^g^H^^ 
|§^ shl' Asaid ,shang tik,. Shi Asid sang tih. 

Aside, on one side, ^^ ,p'ong^pin. P'dngpien, ^ 
^ chak, ,pin. Tseh pien ; to lay aside, Ijj^i^ fong' 
^mdi. rdng mdi, ^ jg on ^mdi. Ngdn mdi, ;^ 
i§ ,chai ^mdi, JS^JC^ ^ ^ fong' tsoi' ,p'ong ^pin. 
Fdng tsdi p'dng pien, ^ ^\\\^^ ,on chak, tik,. Ngdn 
tseh tih, 3^ ^ ^^J li ^mdi tik,. I mdi tih ; to lay 
aside (out of sight), jj^^ ,shau ^mdi. Shau mdi; 
go aside, ff ^ A\l i^^^S s"^^^ ^^^.- Hang mdi tih, 
^M ,hang Jioi. Hang k'di, 'rj^'^ jhang ^p'ong 
pin. Hang p'dng pien, ^7 i^ &\I }^^^S '™^ ^^K- 
Hang wdi tih, ^| ^ f ^hoi 16". K'di lu ; to take 
one aside, (for private conversation) i| Jjifl ^ 
'kong sai' wd'. Kidng si hwd, ^ 3^ U koug ^sz 
wd^ Kidng sz hwd, ^11^^ sai' ,cham. Si chin, ^ 
gf| mat^ ch6uk,. Mih choh.'^^^p'ong'u. P'kng 
yii, Bb pq- ^m' -ii. Ngdn yu ; lay aside your cdp 
and your robes, Pg ^ 'E ^ A"^S M^^ S'^^ S- 
Shing kwdn k^^-^dn i ; lay one aside (to neglect 
one), ^^Ji^ tsut, pat, ^11 iii^ Tsiueh puh II 
hwui ; to lilt aside, |t§ f|{J tau ^hoi. 

Ask, to inquire, ^ man\ Wan ; to inquire about, 
f^ W^ 'fong man'. Fdng wan, if} ^ 'fong ch'at,. 
Fdng ch'dh, ^ pj) ^ch'd man*. Ch'd wan ; to in- 



quire into, ^]{ |{^ sun' man^ Sin wan, p)P,n ,sun 



man\ Siun wan; to inteiTOgate, PjJHtJ k'au' man*. 
K'au wan, gppjj k'au' man*. K'au wan; to hum- 
bly inquire, ^^ f{|j 'ts'eng man^ Ts'ing wan, ^ 
f,f\ 'pan man*. Pin wan ; to inquire by sending an 
envoy to a suzerain, ^f,^ p'ing'man*. P'ingwan; 
to interrogate with autliority, f^ k'it,. Kieh, 3? 
fg ,p'un k'it,. Pw'dn kieh, ^ j!^ jP'tin man*. 
Pw'dn wan ; to seek, to request, j^ jk'au. K'iu, 
Wr >}c ,k'i ,k'au. K'l k'iu ; to solicit, ^ ^ 'ban 
jk'au. K'au k'iii, -g >J^ hat, ^k'au. K'ih k'iu; to 
demand of, t.jpn 't'6 man^ T'du wan, ^l.f 'ts'tt 
't'6. Ts'u t'dn, fj|:|.| ,ts'ui 't'6. Ts'ui t'du; to ask 
leave or permission, l^^ 'pan meng*. Pinming, 
m'^ 'ts'eng mcng^. Ts'ing ming; to ask the price, 
^ f^ man* kd*. Wan kid ; to ask one's pardon, 
^ ^S ,li'au shii'. K'iii shu, >Ji # jk'au sh^*, ^ 
!^ jk'au yau*. K'iu yii ; to ask a question, ||{) — 
(r|\ man' vnt, Mid, f,\\ man*. AVan; to ask (demand) 
back, Pl'il'ij man* 'lo fkn, pj] JR [e} man' 'ts'ii 
jiii. Wan ts'ii hwiu ; to ask advice, ^^ t^ 'ts'eng 
kdu'. Ts'ing kidu, ji,{j5l] 'ts'eng man*, jjc^ ^k'au 
kdu'. K'iii kiiui; to ask by divination, p{] |> man* 
puk,. Wan j)uh ; to ask of the spirits, >Jc^$ jk'au 
jShan. K'iii shin ; to ask of inferiors, "]i P^ hd* 
man*. Hid wan ; to ask a favor, ff. ^ pdi' hnui. 
Pai mei, ^ ^ pdi' t'ok . Pdi t'oh, ^ :J^ hnui 
t'ok,. Mei t'oh, ^ 4£ ,k'au t'ok,. K'iu t'oh ; to 
ask respectfully, l)^ 5)< king' ,k'au. King k'iii ; 
to ask for water, ^ ;|c jk'au 'shui. K'iu shwui. 
\skance, ") toward one corner of the eye, Jij- ts'i^. 






Askant, j Si^ ; to look askance, ^ j^ ^ts'e shl*. 



• In books ^ <che should be subsUtutcd for C|t»^ t ^7^ >• 

ft oorruption of thi* t«m. 



ASK 

Sie shi, ^ jjfl 'me shi'. W£i slii,^t ^1 sh6' shi^ 
Shie sM, ;y:^i|!|Rl^@i 'cli'e 'm6 tui' -ng&n ^lai 
't'ai, ^ i[t| jts'e shi^ Sie shi, |^ Jijl ^ngai slil\ I 
shi, li^ .ngdLi tsV. Yd.i ts'z. 

Asked f^ J man- kwo'. Wan kwo, nfiW^^^ 'fong 
man- kwo'. Fang wan kwo, pp ^ ;,;i^ k'au' man- 
kwo\ K'au wan kwo, |rPw^)^ 'ts'eng man' kwo'. 
Ts'ing wan kwo, gglt^jj^ ^p'un man' kwo'. Pw'dn 
wan kwo. 

Askew, with a wry look, ^^ jfj|^ sh6' shf. Shie shi, 
^ jf£ 'me shi-. Wai shi. 

Asking I 



man-. Wan, =^ f^ 'foiig man*. Fang 
sun' man-. Sin wan, ^f^ 'pan man^ 



(95) ASP 

of [the situation] of a house, [rt| ^ h6ung' shai'. 
Hidng shi, ^ |h] tso" h^ung'. Tso hiang ; a beau- 
tiful aspect, ^^ ^i ^kun. Mei kwiln, ^g|^ %h 
't'ai. Hau t'i, f^^ ^ts'ing 'king. Ts'ing king, §^ 
^ 'ho 'king. . Hau king, ^ fr ^kdi 'king. Kia 
king ; a man of good appearance, i^ ^ i^ X ^^i 
mau^ ^chi jyan. Mei mau chi jin; a maid of sweet 
aspect, :rg # n^ ic /a jung k6' 'nil, ^ \ 'mi 
^yan. Mei jin 5 aspect of affairs, ^ ^ ^ ^ sz' 
^chi jying shai'. Sz chi liing shi, ^ ^ -^ ^ s'/} 
chi ,kwon2^ 'kin;?. Sz chi kwang king, ^ ^ '[|| 



wan, p/x,|B, 
Pin wan 

Aslant, on one side, obliquely, ^ ^wai. Wdi, ^ 
,k'i jts'e. K'i sie, ]7CM ^^^K ^^K Tseh nih, ^ 
]X ,k'ing chakj. K'ing tseh. 

Asleep, sleeping, ^ ^ shui" cheuk . Shwui choh, 
plJll ^ fan' cheuk,. Hiun choh, g\ ngo^ Ngo, -^ 
^ ^on shui". Ngdn shwui, {}gg\ shui' ngo^ Shwui 
ngo, B|)ll^10; fan' ^mai 'ngan. Hiun mdi yen, ^{}g 
shukj shui". Shuh shwui ; sound asleep, B|'1A'^ 
fan' yap^ ^sham. Hiun jih shin, ^^^—^ shui^ 
ch^uk, 'sz yat, yeung'. Shwui choh sz yih yang ; 
to fall asleep, 0\ A BR fan' ydp, 'ngAn. Hiun jih 
yen ; you are half asleep, j^ Qfilj 'j^ ^ni fan' ^wan. 
Ni hiun wan, {j^'ljOa^ ^^n' ^m 'seng. Hiun wu sing; 
to make asleep, as babies, ^ p|i|| '5m fan'. Ngan 
hiun; to fall asleep again, ^i^i\ /an fan'. Fan hiun, 
J^ ^ tsoi' shui^ Tsai shwui ; at rest, to repose, 
^ 'ts'am. Ts'in, ^ ^ ,on 'ts'am. Ngan ts'in ; I 
cannot get asleep, H ^ ^ndn 'ts'am. Ndn ts'in ; 
to rest, ^ 't'au, i^|| 't'au Jo, ^ \l\; ^ i^ 't'au 
'hd /seng jShan ; to have fallen asleep (to be 
dead), ||l|(^ * fan'chikj. Hiunchih, ^^f 'sz'liu. 
Sz liau ; both hands and feet are asleep, ^3^^^, 
^ 3C ^ "^shau yau- pi', keuk^ yau^ pi'. Shau yu 
pi, kioh yu pi. 

Asp, a small poisonous serpent of Egypt, ^iffe tuk, 
jShe, Tub shie, /]> ^ 4ffe 'siii tuk^ ^sh6. Sidu tuh 
shi6. 

Asparagus, a kind of sparrow grass, f| ^ ^ M^S 
,86 ts'oi'. Lung sii ts'ai, ^P'|i^ /'in <mun /ung. 
T'ien mun tung. 

Aspartic acid, a crystalline acid from asparagus, ^ 
n^^^^K c^'^^ jmuu /ung ,siin ^ping. T'ien mun 
tung swan ping. 

Aspect, countenance, ^^2 iJ^^S mau'. Yung mdu, 
til ^ ™"i^ mau\ Mien mau, fj ^ s^gdn shik,. 
Yen sib, ^^ Jung sliik,. Yung sib, ^^ .ngan 
jung. Yen yung, ^ ijj^ jung chong'. Yung 
chwang, j^ ^ ,ying jung. Hing yung, fi| ^ 
jShan shik_. Shin sib, 0^ min' shik^. Mien sUi, 
jgl ^ min' mku\ Mien mdu ; appearance, ^ ^ 
^ng shai'. Hing shi, }jj(^ chong* mdu^ Chwdng 
mau, j^ ^ jing chong'. Hing chwdng, ^ ^ 
,kwong 'king. Kwang kuig, ^ $^ jing tseung\ 
Hing sidng, ^ ^ 'king shik,. King sib ; aspect 

• This is a vulgax expression and should not be usued. 



SZ- ,chi ts'ing jing. 



Sz chi ts'ing hini?. 
.a 



Aspen-tree Q ^ ij^ pakj jycung shu^ Feb ydng 
shu, 1^ ts'ik,. Ts'ih, M.M^^ ^^^S' 'mi /s'ung. 
Fung wi sung. 

Asperate, to make rough or uneven, ^{^ ^mo ^bdi. 
Mo bidi. 

Asperated, made rough, ^'^'^ ,mo jhdi kwo'. Mo 
hidi kwo. 

Asperation, a making rough, ^^ ^ ,mo ^hdi 'che. 
Mo hidi cbe. 

Asperity, roughness of surface, ijig^ [fl/s'o jh4i. Ts'ii 
bidi, Mfife c^s'^ kip,. Ts'ii shih ; roughness to the 
taste, jj^ !^ kip^ mi'. Shih wi ; roughness of tem- 
per, mj^ .ts'o tsuk,. Ts'u sub, ^, ^ ok, p'ik . 
Ngob p'ib, li'fl;^ /s'6 "16. Ts'u lu; harshness, ^ 
•j^ pok, /s'ing. Fob ts'ing, ^ ?g ,kin ng^ng^. 
Kien ngang, i^\^ ngdng^ sing'. Ngang sing, i^ 
^ 'pan 'keng. Fan king. 

Aspernation, disregai*d, |5^'^ 't'ai pok,. T'i pob, ^ 
jJH ^heng shf. K'ing shi, j^ j|| pok^ slif . Fob 
sW, Bl^ AJiiPHf^nH"^ 't'ai jan k^uk, ^ngdn k6m' 
c^^. BI lfe A 't'ai <tai jan. 

Aspcrous, rough, uneven, as a road, f-g^ ^ ^^ /s'o 
,b4i tik,. Ts'u hidi tih, ft fl :^ ^ /s'6 ,hdi ^chi 
i6'. Ts'ii hidi chi lii, f)? :^ ^ ^sbd shek, 16'. Sbd 
shih 111. 

Asperse, to slander, |^ ^ 'wai p'ong'. Wei p'ang, 
%^Wj ^h&a" p'ong'. Shdn p'ang, |^3^ 'wai cb'am'. 
Wei tsin, |^ |^ /s'am cb'aI^'. Cb'an tsin, %\. ^ 



'fi p'onj 



Fi 



pang, 1^ 1^ Ji wai. Fi wei; to 
calumniate, |^ |^ 'tai 'wai. Ti wei, f(^ |g jam 
ch'am'. Yin tsin, ||^^A.'kong wai' ^yan. Ki^ng 
bwM jin, Jg; :^ ^ ^ tso' shi' ts6- /i. Tsdu sld 
tsau fi, ^ [*4^ A. kong 'cb'au ^yan. Kiang ch'au 
jin, 1^ A ch'am' jyan. Tsin jin. * 

Asperser, one who asperses, f^^^ Vai p'ong"cbe. 
Wei p'ang cb6, fj^^ § 'fi p'ong' 'cbe. Fi p'dng 
chd. 

Aspersion, calumny, ff^f ^ 'fi p'ong'. Fi p'dng, ^ 
^ 'wai p'ong'. Wei p'dng ; to cast an aspersion 
upon one, f^ ^ A 'wai p'ong' ^yan. Wei p'dng, 
jin, ^ Ak ch'am' jan. Tsin jin. 

Asphalt, ") bitumen, i'^M.^ ti' Uk^ /s'eug. TI 

Aspbaltum, ) lib ts'ing, ilt[^»&^ ti' /s'ling ^^b^ung. 
Ti sung hidng, [Jj ^ ^ ^sbdn /s'lmi? Ji6img. 
Shdn sung bidug. 

Aspbaltic, pertaining to aspbaltum, (^ ^ |^ ^ 
shukj ti' lik^ /s'eng. Shuh ti lib ts'ing, [Jj >ji^ ^ 



ASP 



(9«) 



ASS 



(5^ ^sMn jts'ung ^h^ung tik,. Sh^n sung hidng j 
tih, \[\^k "it c«J^^n jts'ung .h^ung k6'. • j 

Asphodel, the day-lily, ^ |'*i yatj .kwong ^lAn. i 
Jih kwing \kn. ' 

Asphyxia, | cessation of motion in the heart and 

Asphyxy, ) arteries, ^ ^ kuk^ hi'. Kiuh k'i, p^ i 
^Zlt /u Ji'ap, <chl 'chl. IIil luh chl chi, vf^J^ \ 
^ ^(T», ,fLi k'ap, hit, sik,. Hu hih hieh sih, ^ ^ 
Jjh j^ 'nm\ 'kun 'ehi t'iu'. Meh kvvdn chi t'idu, 
B'ik'^^il^ mak^ fuk, pat, 'hi. Meh fuh puh k'i. 

Aspirant, one who aspires, or seeks with eagerness, 
^ ^ ji ^ jHiau tsik, wai^ 'ch('\ Mau tsih wei 



ch6 ; a canditate for office, ■^ 
pti, 'fi^Mt haii^ kiit,. Hau kiueh. 



hau' p5. Hau 

Aspirate, to pronounce with a breathing, ttj ^ f?h' 
^ ch'ut, hi' ,i ,in. Ch'uh k'i rh yen. 

Aspirate, to impart a strong breathing, {f| :;^ ^ fflj 
^ ch'ut, tdi' hi' ji ^in. Ch'uh ti k'i rh yen. 

Aspirate, an, a note of aspiration, ^ ^ ^ hi' ,clii 
h6^ K'i chi hdu, -^MZ%t >u hi' ,chi W. Yu 
k'i chi hdu. 

Aspiitited, uttered with a strong emission of breath, 
Bi ^ Wn W :S ch'ut, hf ,i ^in .chi. Ch'uh k'i rh 
ven clii ; marked with an aspirate, "^^ ^yam hi'. 
Yd k'i, $g hi'. K'i, ^4 ^ Z It >u hi' chi IkV. 
Yd k'i chi hau. 

Aspirating, pronouncing with a full breath, yj ^ 
^ ^ ^ ch'ut, hi' ,i ^in 'cU. Ch'uh k'i rh yen 
ch6. 

Aspiration, the pronunciation of a letter with a full 
emission of breath, |^ :/t ^ rffi ^ fdt tai' hi' ^I 
,in. Fdh ii k'i rh yen, Uj A M iflj W ^ <^^''^\ 
tdi' hi' ji jin 'chc. Ch'uh td k'i rh yen die ; the 
act of aspiring, ^ ^mau. Mau, ^ ,t'4m. T'an, 
(^ jling. Ling; an ardent \;v'ish or desire, vCl^^i^ 
jSam jt'au ^k6. Sin t'au k^u, ^sM ^ 's^ung ^t'au 
tJiiS ^- 01 y^K M^- Yuh kdu, ^, ^ chi' ,k6. 
Chi kdu, %;;fc^. V^i tdi' chl'. Yd ta chi, ^vl^fleij 
;^ ^sam ,hung tdi*. Sin hiung td, >\^n f^ ^ ^sam 
,kon tdi^ Sin kdn td, )jS) "^ ;A: ;^, ,hung ^wdi tki^ 
chi'. Hiung hwdi td chi, ^. M ^ H chi' hi' 
jUgong jUgong. Chi k'i ngdng ngdiig. 

Aspire, to desire vnth eagerness, ^ ,t'dm. T'dn, 
1^ jling. Ling, ^ 'lo. Lo ; to aim at something 
elevated, %^ inau. Mau, ^ ts'im'. Ts'ien, j^,^ 
f[f--$i chi' hi^ 'h6 ,k6. Clii k'i hdu kdu, ij $\ $i 

ho' ts// ,k6, ii^MM i^^^ s*'^" c^^- Si'i ^'"-u kdu, 
MM.^ 'scuug ,t'au tdi*. Sidng t'au td; to aspire 
after fame, ^ ^^^ :^ ,t'dra .shing ^mcng. T'dn 
shing ming, ^ f | ii'n ^t'jim 't'ai^min*. T'dn t'i 
mien, ^^ ^ ^, *lo ^shing ^meng. Lo slxing ming, 
MM^ 'lo ^shing kd'. Lo shing kid, f^ ^ f^ 
,t'dm ,shing shik,. T'dn shing sih ; to aspire to 
the throne, jf jli ts'im' wai'. Ts'ien wei, gjf ^ 
^mau jch'iu. Mau ch'du ; to aspire after immor- 
tality, ^^'t\: ,t'dm jch'eung ^shang. T'An ch'dng 

«»"S' Pi >f> ^H Z % '•'"' P"^ 's2 ,*'•'! shutj. Lien 
puh s/. chi shuh, >^-^ ^ jk'au jCh'eung ,shang. 
K'ii'i ch'jlug sang j to aspire after somotliing un- 



attainable, Jli: ;^, '/^ '^* chong' chi' ling ^wan. 
ChwdngchI ling yun, ;^|li^i^ chl u ,t'in Jib. 
Chi yd t'ien kdul i® f Ij i^ ^ pU" ^ 's^ung t^' 
.t'in 'teng kbm' ,k6. Sikug tau t'ien ting kdn kdu, 

M—^^$mw^ '«^«°g yat, p6^ tdp^ td' >u 

,t'di 'teng. Sidng yili pd t:' h tad lau t'i ting ; to 
aspire after excelling, ^ f^ ,k'au shing'. K'iu 
shing, ^ ^ ^chdng ,yeng. Tsang ying. 

Aspirer, one who aspires, '^ ^ ^ ^t'dm ^k5 *ch^. 
T'dn kdu ch^, ^ 0j ^ jmau ^k6 'ch6. Mau kixM 
chd ; an aspirer to the throne, f^&^ ts'im' wai' 
'chc. Ts'ien wei ch6 ; one who aims at something 
elevated, i(^8ji^ ^ ,sam jt'au .k6 'ch^. Sm t'au 
ki\x ch6, ,^ k^M^\ chi' tai' ^In tii* ,chi jan. 
Chi td yen td chi jin. 
I Aspiring, ambitious, ^:^^ ^mau tdi" sz'. Mau td 
; sz, ||^ ^ ^mau ^k6. Mau k4u, §f Q ^ hb' tsz* 
,k6. Hku tsz kdu, li^ gj| ^ ^sam jt'au ,k6. Sin 
t'au kau ; aspiring after greatness, ^ -^ hb' ti?. 
Hdu td, ^; ^ ^ ^ chi' hi' ,k6 'sung. CW k'i 
kdu sung ; an aspiring mind, t\^ jfe -B^ ,^ -S^™ 
chi' k'ok, jin. Sin chi k'ioh jen. 

Asplenium >^J^^ ^^^^^ ^^ 'ts'6. Fimg wi ts'Au. 

Asportion, a carry iiag away, i^ ^ ^pun hvi'. Pwkn 
k'ii ; a felonious removal of goods, Uft i^ j^ 4^ 
jpdn wan* t6* matj. Pwdn yun tdu wuh, -^^^ 
ts6* ,wo ^kd. Tso wo kid, i^ ^ ^chid ,tsong. 
Chdu tsdng, ^^ ,wo ^tsong. Wo tsdng. 

Asquint, to look, l^ipji 'ngai shi\ t shi. 

Ass, an, |^ ^lii. Lii, f^ ^au. Lii ; a ^vild ass, E^I|| 
*y^ ,lii, Y6 lii ; a slow ass, ^ |g 'kin ^n. Kien 
Id, [li^ ,shdn Ju. Shan lu, ^ 'yan. Yin ; ass's 
glue, (5^ IP ,0 ^kau. O kidu ; a stupid a.ss, ^ ff 
pan' 'tsai. Pin tsz, i^^^ tai' pan' tscung*. Td 
pin siiing, j^^ pan' .ngoi. Pin ngdi, ^^ jBgoi 
pan'. Ngdi i)in, ^glilf^ .chu k6m' ^ngoi, ^^ /^ 
tun' hon'. Tun hdn, ^-f^ 'J^ijj tun' matj. Tun wuh, 
^yf 'ch'un jts'oi. Ch'un ts'ki, ^!}\^ J«^'ung 'ku. 
Ydng ku, [ii^ ,shdn tuk^. Shan tub, \i\^^ ^sU4n 
jUgau. Shdn nid, [Jj^ ^shdn jShii. Shdn shd, ^ 
^ tdi' tun'. Td tun ; to ride an ass, ^1^ ^k'i Jii. 
K'i lii, ^ Ig kwd' Jii. Kwd 1(1, ^ |g ^shing ,lii. 
Ching lu. 

Assafoetida, sec Asjvfoetida. 

Assail, to assault, -^ ^' ,kmig 'td. Kung td, j^ tjj^ 
,kung kik,. Kung kih ; to attack, j^ ^ ,kung 
fdtj. Kung fab, ^ ^j^ ,kung chin'. Kmig chen ; 
to assault a city, J^l^ ,kung ,shing. Kung cliing i 
to attack an enemy, j^ }j^ ,kung tik,. Kung tih, 
^ i|)Jc 't'6 ts'dk^. T'du t«'ih ; to fall upon, fg|| ^ 
J^J ^ <t'au ^ying kij), chdi'. T'au ying kieh chdi, 
II|'|- &" i ^»"' 'ch'di jing jp'un. Ngjin ch'di 

ying iM, an, ;f^ ^v- jji 'om pv'ii' ^kung. |i^|| 'im 
tsdpj. Yon sih, Bg^ 3^ 6m* ,kung. Ngan kung, j^ 
j^ jts'im ,kung. Ts'ien k»mg ; to assail with 
words, jpf| mi\ Md, ^ \ p'di' ^yan. P'di jin. 

Assailable, that may be assailed, pj" ^ 'ho ,kung. 
K'o kung, pJ If *ho 'td. R'o ti, ]^ tJ* f^ .kung 
'Ui tak,. Kung tA tfh, ^J|j^ 'ho p'di'. K'o p'di. 



ASS 



(97) 



ASS 



Assailant, one who assails, T^'^J ^ }^'^^'^" 'ta 'clie. 
Kung td clie, 1^^^ c^ung kik, 'clie. Kung Idh 
cli6, ^ ^ md- 'che. Ma cli6, j)^ ^ p'ai' 'clie. 
P'M cli(i ; the first in a fray, j^^^^ (Sin *ha 
'shau 'che. Sien hi^ shau che. 

Assailed, assaulted, ^fy^^ c^^T^g 'td kwo'. Kung 
td, kwo, ^ '^ ma- kwo'. Ma kwo, '^ j^ p'di' 
kwo'. P'ai kAvo, '^j^ ^ !^ ;§; p'ai' kwo' pat^ shi', 
P'di kwo puh shi. 

Assapanic, the flying squirel, ^ ^ "lui 'shii. Lui 
shu. 

Assart, to, to grub up trees, ^ i^ pat^ shii^ Pah 
shu; to commit an assart, ^^ijs^:^ ^sz pdt^ shii^ 
'chd. Sz pah shu che. 

Assassin, one who kills bv surprise or secret assault, 
fijg: ts'// hak,. Ts'z k'eh. ^fiMA^ cJa^ shdt, 
^yan 'che. Yin shah jin che ; one wlio attempts 
to kill by surprise or secret assault, |^ ^ A ^ 
^mau shatj ,yan 'ch6. Mau shah jin che; one who 
commits regicide, %^^ ^ shf ,kwan 'che. Shi 
kiun chd. 

Assassinate, to kill by surprise or secret assault, ^7 
^!l] ,hang ts'z'. Hang ts'z, Bf f ij 6m' ts'z'. Ngkn 
ts'z,' Hf ^ 6m' shdt,. Ngari shah, P^ ^7 ^ A 
jam jhang shat, jan. Yin hang shdh jin ; to at- 
tempt to kill by sui-prise or secret assault, g^ y^ 
jmau shdt,. Mau shall ; to attempt to commit re- 
gicide, 1^ ^^ ^\ jnau shi' ^kwan. Mau shi kiun. 

Assassinated, murdered by surprise, Bg- j|iij }j& 6m' 
ts'z' kwo'. Ngdn ts'z kwo. Oh © a^ ^^' shat, 
kwo'. Xgan shah kwo, f^i^ shi' kwo'. Shi kwo. 

Assassinating Do'^iJ A. om' ts'z' ^yan. Ngan ts'z jin, 
(J^ IS: A o»i' s^at, ,yan. Ngdn shdh jin, ^^ shi'. 
Shi, f^ |Jf ^J -^ A jam jam kat, 'sz jan, P^ 
'i§ ^'-E 15 A 'liai piii^ ch'ii' shat, jan. 

Assassination, the act of killing or murdeiin;? bv 
surprise or secret assault, ^ ^'ij^ jbang ts'z' 'che. 
Hang ts'z che, Rg- ^!!| X jfe om' ts'z' jan 'che. 
Ngdn ts'z jin che, HpiS; A^ om' shat, jan 'che. 
Ngun shdh jin che ; the act of committing regi- 

. cide, ^^^ ^ shi' ^kwan 'che. Shi kiun che. 

Assault, an attack, ]E{j; ^kung. Kung, ^fetX^ ,kung 
'ta 'che. Kung td che, :^ >0$ ,kung fdt,. Kung 
fah, i^'^.^^^ p'di' pat, shi' 'che. P'dl puh shi 
ch6 ; invasion, ^ >^ ^ts'ani fdt,. Ts'in fah ; to 
make an assault upon a city, j^ ^ (kung ,shing. 
Kung ching; to make an assault upon an enemy, 
^ j|it c^utig tikj. Kung tih ; to make an assault 
upon a person, ^ A ^^a^ Jan. Md jin, *^j^ A ^ 
^ ^ p'ai' jan pat, shi' 'che. P'di jin puli shi che. 

Assault, to attack, j^ <lamg. Kung, -^ ^ J^'^^'^g 
kik,. Kung kih, jj^ tl ,kung 'td. Kung td, :f j" 
^ 'td kik,. Ta kih, g.j- 't'6. ^T'du ; to attack by 
words, M^ md-. Ma, f^ A 4^ M: P'^i' J^^ P''^^ 
shi^ P'di jin puh shi ; ditto by unfriendly mea- 
sures, ^ SS ^mau hoi". Mau hdi ; to assault as 
highwayrobbers, fy j]ij] >^ 'td keuk, kwat,, ;JT fil 
'td kdng'. Td kdng, fj^ 'td kdng'. Td kdng; to 
assault at night as large bands of x'obbers do in 



China, ^TH)\>)^ 'td fining 'fo. la ming ho ; to in- 
vade, ^ ^^ ^ts'am idj. Ts'in fd 1 ; ditto sscretly, 
m i^ sit, fdt,. Tsieh idb, fjfi) fU ^ A ,t'au ,t'au 
Idtj jan, If^fiffi ft J3t (ts'im .sz Svong fd'j. Ts'ien 
sz wang fdh ; to encounter, ^.j [^ tui' chaa^ Tiii 
chin, §.J- -^ tiii' tik,. Tui tih, f^ ^ tui' 'iui. Tiii 
lui, :^ i^ ^kau /ung. Kiau fung, Z^ rjlj; kda chin'. 
Kidu chen, §.]■ fy tiii' 'td. Tiii td ; to assault un- 
successfully, :^ p§ ?^ ^kung ^m p'o', :pSc ^ 7* 

jkung pat, hd'. Kung puh hid. 

Assaulted ;^ ^^ ^kung kwo'. Kung kwo, ^7 j^ 'td 
kwo'. Td kwo, H>t jll 't'6 kwo'. T'du kwo, ^ )^ 
fatj kwo'. Fah kwo. 

Assay, the determination of the quantity of metal 
in an ore, '(l^^ ^k'ing kwong'. K'ing kwdiig; 
the determination of the quantity of gold or sil- 
ver in coin or bullion, i^ ^ ^ c^'ing ^siii 'ch^. 
K'ing siau che, "^ ^ ck'ing ^kam. K'ing kin, j^ 
^^^ ,k'ing ,kam ^ngan. K'ing kin yin, ^^ shi' 
^kam. Shi kin, ^ i$ ^k'ing lln'. K'ing lien, |§ 
■^ fM i^ J^^S ^1"-' ,chd 'tsz. Yung k'ii chd tsz, 
l# S ^ vi J'^ig ,kam hii' ^chd. Yung kin k'u 
chd. 

Assay, to determine the amount of a particular 
metal in an ore, alloy &c., '(^ ^{^ ^k'ing ^siii. 
K'ing sidu, f% ,k'ing. K'ing, ^^ shi'. Shi, ^ 
jung. Yung ; to assay silver, j^l^ll .k'ing .ngan. 
K'ing yin, j^ Jk' :tWi% <^'^^S .^gau ^chi ,k6 ^tai. 
K'ing yin chl kau ti ; to apply to, to try on the 
touchstone, ^ \i\\ shi' ^hd. Shi hid, gj^ ^ shi' 
hon'. Shi k'dn. 

Assayed, examined, ^ )^ jk'ing kwo'. K'iiig kwo, 
1^:^!^ shi' IcAvo'. Shi kwo, f^^^M shi' hon' kwo'. 
Shi k'dn kwo. 

Assayer '^^i<^^ k'ing ^siii 'che. K'ing sidu ch6, ^ 
^^MlM (k'ing ,siu ^sz fvi'. K'ing siau sz fu, ^l^f^ 
(?) (kung 'kii. Kung kii ; an officer of the mint 
whose business it is to determine the amount of 
gold and silver in coin or bullion, i^%\l)^i'\ 



;^ 1^ chii' (Ugan kuk^ .k'ing ,siu ,chl ^kiin. Chii 
yin kiuh k'ing sidu chl kwdn, -j^ 0^ ^ '^ ck'ing 
jSiii jChI jkiin. 

Assaying, the determination of the amount of any 
metal in a metallic compound, f^ ^^ .k'ing ^siii. 
K'ing sidu ; a shop ditto, f^flfii!) .k'ing .siii p'6'. 
K'ing sidu p'li. 

Assay-master, see Assayer. 

Assemblage, a collection of individuals, ^' .kw'an^ 
K'iun,'-^ lii-. Hwui, ^[4^,^ tsir chung'. Tsii 
Chung, y^i if — |>^ tsir ^mdi yat, tiii'. Tsii 
mdi yih tui, ^ ^M — 1^^^ jkw'an <mdi yal tui'. 
K'iun mdi yih tiii, — ^^ A y'^^ tui- .van. Yih 
tiii jin, ^g ^y^ tsdp, chung'. Tsih chuug, — i#:A 
yat, , tiii <yan. Yih 'tiii jin ; a collection of tilings, 
— l^ij- yat, .tiii je. Yih tiii ye ; the act of as- 
semblina:', ^ ^jl tsii' tsdpj. Tsii tsih, <•?■ ^ ui- 



tj o 



hop^. Hwui hoh. 
Assem'ble, to, |pl % tsii' tedp,. Tsii tsih, ^4 % tsii' 
iii^ Tsii hwui, -#-^ lii' hup^. Hwui hoh, ^ ^ 



ASS 



(»8) 



ASS 



hbp, tsii^ Hoh tsii, -^ ^ lii^ tsip^. Hwui tsih, 
:^^ jt'au tsii'. T'cau tsii, ^ i^ uV ^m^i. llwm 
m^i, >ji0 ^ s6uii^ tsii'. Sling tsii, ^ "^ tsii* 
'ehau. Tsii sbau, ^ ^ kiin' tsii'. Kwan tsii, ^ 
1^ ,fun tsii'. Hwdn tsii, ^i^ in' lii'. Yen h^Tii, 
^ ^ ts6,pj sui'. Tsii I sui, ;^ ^ tsdp, sui^ Tsih 
sui, ^p.^ pat, sui*. Pih siii, ^^ ^ wai' sni^ Wei 
sui, i^ ^ jts'ung Isii^ Ts'ung tsii, ^ ^ ,wan 
ts&pj. Yun tsih, ^ |^ chat^ chat^. Cliih chih, ^ 
^pok^tsdpj. Poh tsii), ]^^,pautsii^ Pan tsu, 
^- wan' (or Svan.) Yun, .^ iii'. Yau, ^j\ ^k'i. 
K'i, ^ h6p^. iloh, J^ chuk,. Chuh ; to convene, 

tS M .«'"'i ^«^i'- <^1*^^^ ts'i' tS ^ .^hiu ts%. 
Ch&u tsih, ^ ^ ^iu tsii'. Yau tsu ; to assemble 
all nations, ^4 ^ ^ l^ ^^^' tsAip^ ni/m' kwok,. 
Tsii tsih wan kwoh ; to assemble all the people 
of the world, ^^tlt A '^"i tstip^ shai' jan. Lui 
tsih shI jin ; to assemble on a plain, f^^lf^^ ^ 
^\xa tsdpj ^fau ^I. Yuen sib fau (pau) 1 ; to assem- 
ble at court, ^^ jCh'iu ui'. Cb'siu hwui. 
Assembled, congregated, ^^ jts'ai tsdp^. Ts'i tsih, 



m ui^ ts'ai. Hwui ts'i, 



tsii' jts'ai. Tsii 



ts'i ; assembled together from all quarters, ^ ~]\ 
§^ ^t'in hd- jAvan tsap^. T'ien hia yun tsili ; all 
sorrow is collected within my heart, ^ i^^^ 
^ *ngo ^sam wan' kit, jhai. Wo sin yun kich hi; 
it is but proper, that you should have so many 



Yingching; concurrence, ^^ ^chimgi'. Chimg 
i, g^ ,ngdni ; to express one's concurrence, ^ 
cheuk,. Choh, % P^ hai' lok,, ¥}s ,in. Jen, |f 
'kwai. Kwei, ^ ^L J6, j/;(p ^y6. J6; royal assent, 
^ ^ J)'ai 'chuil. P'i chun ; he will give his as- 
sent, ^ iit')^ shi' pit, 'chun. Shi pieh chun ; 
would not give his assent, p§- ^ ^ 'chun, ~J(\ ^ 
pat, Svan. Pub yun, ^"^ pat, 'hang. Puli kang; 
the assent of one thousand men is not equal to 
that of one scholar, =PA^^I^^^— ±^ 
1^1^ (ts'in jyan ^chi nokj nok^ pat, ,ii yat, sz' ^chi 
ngokj ngokj. Ts'ien jin chi nrni nob pub jvi yih 
sz chi ngoh ngoh. 

Assent, to admit as true, ^^ ^ 'hii ^chan. Hii 
chin ;'to concede, "j^ 'wan. Yun, ^ g^ ^k<i 'hii, 
Kii hii ; to approve, P|lj^ ^chung i'. Chung i; to 
concui*, '^ ^ wd' ch6uk,. Hwa choh, ^ ^ 
,ch'ing shi^ Ch'ing shi, ^>^ ,ch'ing hai\ ^ ^ 
,ch'ing ch6uk,. Ch'ing choh ; to assent to a peti- 
tion, :|yj ^t <P'^i 'chun. P'i chun ; would not as- 
sent, pSr/-^ jin 'chun, |lg-]§;fx ,m jing ,shing, pg- 
-^ ^m 'hang, :^ ^ pat, 'hang. Puh kang, pg pg 
,m .ngjim. 

Assenter, one who assents, i^ ^ ^ 'hii nok^ 'che. 
Hu nob ch6, |(| ^ ^f jing ^shing 'ch6. Ying 
clung che, ^ fC ^ vi"g' 'wan 'che. Ying yun 
ch6. 



children assembled here, ^^^-^^^^ ^i *i ; Assenting, agreeing to, ^ 'chun. Chun, yt^ Svan 



'tsz ,siin chatj chatj ^bai. I rh tsz sun chili chih 
hi ; crowded, || ^ts'ung. Ts'ung, ^ || py- ^ 
,shang jts'ung k6m' ^to. Sang ts'ung kan to ; 
crowded like a forest, fii^^P^^^ <k'i ui' ^ii ,1am. 
K'i hwui ju lin ; ditto like ants, d^ i^ ^ngai ui^ 
1 hwui. 

Assembling, coming together, ^ ^ tsu^ tsdp,. Tsii 
tsih. 

Assembly, a collection of individuals in the same 
place, -^ iii\ Hwui ; a pubhc assembly, ^ i^ 
,kung ui'. Kung hwui ; a large assembly, ::A: ^ 
.tdi' lii'. Til hwui ; a r(!ligi()us assembly, ^^ kdu' 
lii'. Kidu hwui, ^. i^ shing' lii'. Shing hwui ; 
primary assembly, BS ^^ tit ;^ j"ian tsrip, ,t'au 
jmeng. Min tsih t'au ming; ditto in China, J^^ 
^^iai ,nian tsiip^ ^t'au ,t'iing. 

Assembly-room i^^ fyj lii .sho. Hwui so, ff ^ lii* 
'kun. Hwui kwAn; assembly-hall, i^^ ui' ,t'ong. 
Hwui t'dng, ^P)l * ^kung 'sho. Kung so ; an as- 
sembly-room for amusement, ^|^| lii' iin. Hwui 
yuen. 

Assent ;^ Svan. Yun, J^ '(^hun. Chun, f^^ Svan 
'chun. Yun chun, ^-^ ii' Svan. Yii yun, ^ gg 



Svan nok^. Yun jioli, ^j^ f^' Svan 'bang. \un 



'chun. Yun chun ; admitting as true, g^ ^ 'hii 
,chan. Hii chin ; yielding to her entreaties, ^^ 
'chun jk'au. Chun k'iii. 

Assert, to declare positively, ^ fj sliat^ w4'. 
Shih hwd, ^U ,chan Avd'. Chin hwa, ^|j^ shat^ 
shiit,. Shih sbwob, V^^ k'ok, shut,. K'ioh shwoh, 
^Wa^ 'kong shatj wd'. Kiang shih hwd, ^W 
^chan jin. Chin yen, ^ ^ kii' ,in. Ku yen, ^ 
;;^ 'kong shi'. Kidng shi, ^^^ shiit, shi'. Shwoh 
shi, fjj- ^ avjI' ^chan. Hwa chin ; to assert one's 
right, ^tJPS^ M''^ 'shau 'ki sz'. Kien shau ki 
sz, i^^JJ. ngdng' iii'. Ngang ydu, ^^ g 3 ;^ 
^ 'sz 'shau tsz' 'ki ^chi sz'. Sz shau tsz ki chi sz, 
^ ^ kii' 'shau ; to assert one's ckim, |.f |pl 't'6" 
'ts'ii. Tin (s'ii, j^ f4 ,ts'ui V6. Ts'iii t'du, M 
1^ 'ts'ii 'lo, i^M^M .ts'iii ts'uk, iu"ts'u. Ts'ui 
ts'uh ydu ts'ii ; to declare, ^ |^ ih'ing j^ at,. 
Ch'ing shwoh. 

Asserted, alfirmed positively, K |^ >S shat-, shiit, 

kwo'. Shih shwoh kwo, ff -^ jig shat^ wd' kwo'. 

Shih hwd kwo, i^^ ^ ^^ k'ok, shiit, kwo'. K'ioh 

shwoh kwo. 

^ |g I Asserting, declaring with confidence, Hf f^ shatj 



lii. 



kang, g^ gJ5 'hii nok^. llii nob, )g ^j^ ymg 
Ying hii, ]§|g ying' nok^. Ying nob, Jgj^ ying' 
Van. Ying yun, ^{i sf( 'tim ,t'au. T'ien t'au, |^ 
IfingaPtAu, Jgjying'. Ying, |§^ jing. shing. 



Congoo is a corruption of ^ ]^)f 1<uuk bIio. i.e. tlu- lu.ino of 
th,. pluoe has been BiibstitHted for ihf ii8«»nil>ly. To l,„Id u 
Consoo is to nieotat tho kungso for deliboration. 



shiit,. SbibslH\oh.fij^|^ k'ok,8hiity K'ioh shwoh. 
Assertion, [jositive declamtion, Hf fj^ shat, shiit,. 
Sliih shwoh, jj| |ft .<'ban shiit . Chin shwoh. ^ 
* ^ 1i^' UK w»i' sz' ,<'«'an hai' 'k6m, ;^ W ^ :! 
lik, ,{n ,k'{ shi'. Lib yen k'i shi. ^^M ^^''K «^»"^- 
K'ioh shwoh. ^tj^- ^ k'ok, jin. K'ioh yen ; asser- 
tion of right , fijll^lj- ngiing' ill'. Ngsing ydu, |g^ 
tJ. kii' 'shau 'ki. Kii shau ki. 



ASS 

li .. • I I II II II -i.iii III I 

Assertor, one who affirms positively, 



(99) 



ASS 



shiit 'ch(^. Shih shwoh che : one who sticks to ■ 



^ shat^ I ^ i^ it^ ^sam. Jeh sin, $^ X jk'an ,kung. K'in 



'i 



his own opinion, !^ H ^ pat, 1' 



t'dng, ^ g,^, ;^ Zl -mo jin^ inr r, 
tsz' 



jt'ong. Puh rh 



kung, 



^i 



,wai 



shi-. 



ying^ ts'o'. 



Tsz i wei shi, ^ M ^ "mo 



^ "min likj. Mien lih. 
Assiduous, constant, jjJf^Cl^ noi- ^sam. Ndi sin, 

6^ ,hang: ,sam tik,. Hang sin tih ; '^';Cx'>^»f ^sh^ung 



fejO 



B(u.> 



teng^ 



shui'. Ting shwni, 
to value f^ ^ 'ku k4' 



Assess, to fix a tax, Jg ^ 

^ Ift 'i shui'. 1 shwui 

Kti kid. 
Assessable, that may be assessed, Pf^*^ 'ho teng- 

ka'. K'o ting kia, pfft^'K 'ho '^^^ ka'. K'o kii 

ki^, ^^ teng^'tak,. Ting teh, -f^ ^^. ff 'kii tak, 

k^'. Ku teh kid. 
Assessed, charged with a certain sum, ^j^^^ teng' 

kwo' shui'. Ting kwo shwui ; valued, f^ "^^ 

'ku kwo' ka'. Ku kwo kia. 
Assessment, a valuation of property for the purpose 

of taxation, f^ff^lS^ 'kii M' teng- shui' chd. 

Ku kia ting shwui che ; the act of assessing, ^ 

HJ^ teng" shui' che. Ting shw^ ch6 ; the act de- 

tex'mining the amount of damage, /||f §§^ teng^ 

"^p^ jUgan. Ting pu yin ; ditto to do so by a jury, 

l^il^^^l^<P'^'ii 'sham ,kun teng' p6 ^ngan. 
Assessor, one appointed to assess the person or pro- j Assiduously, diligently, 

perty, f^^^ 'kii ka' 'che. Ku kia che, ^^^ 

teng* ka' 'che. Ting kia ch6 ; an afisistant to a 

magistrate, Zl^ i" jnga. E-h ya, ;^^ 'tso ^t'ong. 

Tso t'ang, ^ ^ iin' ^shing. Yuen ching, :j^ j^ 

p6* ,t'eng. Pu t'ing, |f "^ fil" ^kim. Fil kwan ; 

a deputy assessor in a prefect's office, ^^ (^^^S 

jt'eng. King t'ing. 
Assets, the stock in trade and entire property of a 

merchant &c., ^^ 'ch'an ip,. Ch'dn nieh, 4^^ 

matj ip^. Wuh nieh, ^ ^ ^ka ip,. Kia nieh, ^ 

^ jk4 'ch'dn. Kia ch'dn ; productions, J'^ 't'6 

'ch'dn. T'li ch'an ; goods, ^^ format,. Ho wuh, 

^ f)i kd %. Kid ho, ^ ^l -ff 4^j ^ka ^sz shap, 

mat^. Kia sz shih wuh ; the goods of an insolvent 

debtor, subject to the payment of his debt, ^ 2|S 

^ZHkM ctit, pun \U ,chi 'ch'dn ip>. Cheli 

pun kia chl ch'cin nieh ; estate of a deceased per- 
son, subject to the payment of liis debts, i^~J^<2 

^ ^ jWai ha- ^chi "^cli'dn ip^. Wei liid chi ch'dn 

nieh, jg^ .wai ip>. Wei nieh, ^^ jWai 'ch'dn. 

Wei ch'dn. 
Assever, | to, to declare positively, ^'^ ^^ 
Asseverate, ) k'ok, shat, ,chi shiit,. K'ioh shih chi 

shwoh, ^ 1^ shat, shiit,. Shih shwoh, ^ ,^ |^ 

teng* jin shiitj. Ting jen shwoh, M|^ ^chan shiit,. 

Chin shwoh, ^ p^ ^ 'kwo ^in shiit,. Ko jen 

shwoh; to declare with solemnitv, fj^fdt shai". ! 

Fdhshi. ^ « . ^ 

Asseveration, positive affirmation, fig^ ^chan shlit,. I 

Chin shwoh, W W: shat, shiit . Shih shwoh ; ^ 

solemn declaration, |$^ fat, shai'. Fdh shi. 
Ass-head ^RciJE A. ngong' 'ch'un k6' van. 
Assiduity, constancy, fg jCi» i^^i'^g ^sam. Hang sin, ! 



jSam tik,. Chang sin till ; diligent, 
jk'an. Yin k'in, ^jj ^ ^k'an lik,. K'in lih. 



jan 

'min lik^. Mien lih, ^ ;\j> it, ^sam. Jeh sin, ^j 
lik,. Lih, ^ li^ 'fii ,sam. K'li sin, ^ ^, 'fii chi'. 
K'li chl ; persevering, ^j)^ ,k'an 'han. K'in k'an, 
M X sk'an ,kung. K'in kung, ;^ ff hk^ ^hang. 
Lih hang, H,^ 'man 'min. Min mien, ^j^ ,yau 
'chl. Hill chi, jf^ gjf pat, tvm'. Puh twdn, ~J^ ^ 
pat, chiit,. Puh chueh, ^^ pat, hit,. Puh hieh, 
^ if pat, jt'ing. Puh t'ing, M f^ gft i^^ kdn' 
tiin-. Wvi kien twdn, fit Q B$ ^mo 'i ^shi. Wu i 
shi; sedulous, f|J -^''hoi ts'it,. K'di' ts'ieh, ^)l; 
-'miii (mok,). Midu (Moh), ^'^ Tnan ts'it,. Min 

likj hokj. Lih 
Jeh sin tub 



k'an 'ban. K'in k'an, ^ ^i^ 'fii 



ts'ieh ; assiduoiTs in study, ^J 

hioh, #; /\j> ^ i| it, ,sam tuk^ 

shu, =^'^ 'fu hok,. K'li hioh, =g^>^,:^# 'fu chi' 

^kung ^shii. K'li chi kung shu, ^ ^ jk'an hok,. 

K'in hioh ; assiduous in application, ^ ^ 'fii 

^kung. K'li kung. 

^yan ^k'an. Yin k'in, 
sam. K'li 
sm ; to study assiduously, ^jCi»^ 'fii ,sam hok^. 
K'li sin hioh, ^ ^-^ f f ^ 'shau pat, shik, *kiin. 
Shau puh shih kiuen, -^^^^f^^jP ^i^ffi^ 'shau 
pat, jt'ing jp'i, 'liau pat, tsiit^ ^yam. Shau puh t'ing 
p'i, k'au puh tsiueh yin ; to labor assiduously, ^ 
;^ # X ^ jk'an lik, tso* ^kung fii. K'in hh tso 
kung fii, ^ ii: # X 5^ pat, hit, tso* kung M. 
Puh hieh tso kung fii, X^'^'^M P^t, jt'ing hii' 
tso*. Puh t'ing k'li tso, ^lE 0$^ £, s^o s^^^ ^^K 
sik,. Wii shi hieh sih. 
Assign, to, '^ ^ p'ai' wai. P'ai wei, ^ |^ teng* 
k'ap,. Ting kih, ^ <^ cheuk, ling*. Choh ling, 
g^p^t ,fan fii'. Fan fu ; to limit, \<,^^ ban* teng*. 
Hien ting ; to determine, J^^ kiit, teng*. Kiueh 
ting, }^^ kiit, shat,. Kiueh shih ; to specify, || 
^ij ^hoi litj. K'di lih ; to assign a cause, fi^M^ 
^ shut, ,k'i ,iin kiV. Shuh k'i yuen kii, )^|-^/^ 
^ 'kai X'i jiin ku'. Kiai k'i yuen kii, §t^^^ 
shiit, jk'i jan jau. Shwoh k'i yin jvi, ^ M ^ 
M shiit, ,k'i jloi lik^. Shwoh k'i Mi lih, ^] ^ 
■yan kii'. Yin kii ; to make over to another, ^ 
kki. Kiau, :^ :^ ^kau t'ok,. Kidu fob, ^ f^ 
^k&u lok^. Kiau lob, ^ 'f^j- ,kau fu*. Kiau fii, f^ 
'% fii* t'ok,. Fut'oh, ^ :^l ki't'ok,. Ki fob, z^ 
f^t'ok, lok,. T'oh lob, 5§ 4£ f'liA t'ok,. Chuli 
fob, ji i^ M #, ,wai mat, 'ii ,t'd. Wei wuh yii 
t'd ; to assign a false cause, |^ (^ ^t'lii kii'. Tiii 



Tiii wei ; to 



assign 



false 



kii, Ite if ,t'ui 'wai. 

judgement, ^BJ^^^^^V 'chi pning 'sham pat, 

'ping ^kung. Chi ming shin pub ping kung; to 



assign a post. 



p'ai' wai*. P'di wei 



'^i^ sSh6img jSam. Chdng sin ; diligence, _ _ 
vyan^k'an. Yin k'in, g} ^J ^k'anlik,. K'in lib,' 



to assign 
a piii;e, ^^4^ teng* 'shdung mat^. Ting shdng 
wuh, ^^fefe^ teng* 'sheung mat, ^iwai hnau; 
to assign (make over) a lease, ^^^{^ «k6u 



ASS 



(100) 



ASS 



,p'ai 'li jl'a. Kiau p'i 



yii t'4 ; to set forth with 
particularity, ^n n|] 'cbl stning. Chi ming. 

Assign, a person to Avhom property is transfeired, i^ 
^^ A shau' ipj jChi ,yan. Shau nieh chi jin, ^ 
■^{^MZA shall' t'ok, 'kun ip^ ,chi jan. Shau 
t'oh kwiln nieh chi jin, -^i^-^^ ctong 'kun ip^ 
'chc. Tang kwan nieh che. 

Assignable, that may be assigned, pf ^ 'ho tong*. 
K'o ting, pj ^ 'ho ,kriu. K'o kidu, pf ^^* |;| 'ho 
teng' k'ap,. K'o ting kih, 'Hf % 'ho t'ok,. K'o 
t'oh, ;^ # teng* tak,. Ting teh, ^£ f^j t'ok, tak,. 
T'oh teh, ^ JTJ- -^ ^kau fiV tak,. Kiau fii teh, 



SfCfp'di' 



wai tak,. P'ai wei teh. 



Assignats, paper-money, ^ ||^ j^gan 'chi. Yin chi. 
Assignation, an appointment of time and place for 
meeliog, ^{^ -%[ y6uk, lii^ Yob hwui, ^v]'^^-^ 
yeuk, teng^ ,seung lii'. Yob ting siang Invui, "^jf 
VS] W, # ting' ,k'i tsii' lii'. Ting k'i tsii bwiii. 
Assigned )g |^" V^ teng^ k'ap, kwo'. Ting kih kwo, 
^ ^ 1^ tcng^ ,kla kwo', ^ ^ )§ ch^uk, ling^ 
kwo'. Choh ling kwo, '^ ^ jl^ p'di' 'wai kwo'. 
P'ai Avei kwo. 
Assignee, a person to whom an assignment is made, 
^^^<lk shall' t'ok, ,chi ^yan. Shau t'oh chi i 
jin, f <^ Jt^ ^ toi' 'li 'ch6. Tai li ch6 ; assignees in 
bankruptcy, if JlUi^J 'ffZ^'X^ P^^' '^i 'td ,hong 
,chi ip, 'cli6. PAn li tau Mng chi nieh ch(S; a 
person invested with certain power, '^\ f^ j^ ;^ 
{^ 'yau toi' 'li ^chi jk'im. Yii tai li clii k'iuen. 
Assigner, one Avho assigns, ^^ ^ teng^ k'ap, 
'chd. Ting kill che, ^j|^ ^ ^ p'di' wai' 'cb^. P'M 
wei ch6, ^ ^ teng* 'ch^. 
Assigning, allotting, ^^ ^ p'di' 'wai. P'ai wei ; ap- 
pointing, ^ teng^ Ting, );£|^ teng^k'ap. Ting 
kih, ^ sbut^. Sbuh, ff 'kAi. Kiai, ^ \;\ ,kdu 
fu'. Kiau fu, ^ :j-£ ^kau t'ok,. Kiau fob. 
Assignment, an allotting to a particular person or 
use, )£ 1^ ^ teng' k'ap, 'ch^. Ting kih cU, ^ 
(ifi ^< ^ tcng' ,kwai 'mnu 'ch^. Ting kwei mau 
cbc, U^ r|^ cbuk, t'olc, ; the writing by which an 
interest is transferred, 3^ k'ai'. K'i, ^ |^ ^ ,i; 
.kia k'ap,, chi ,8hii. Kidakibchi shu, :^§^;t^ 
hi' ip^ ,chi k'ai'. K'i nieh chi k'i, 5l| ^ chuk, .sbii. 
Chub shi'i, '^^i jwai ,sbu. Weishu; assignment 
in ban'a-Liptcy, ^ f.J ^J n ZM^^i^^^ M" 
fu* 'to ,hong ,chi ip, ^l toi' pan* 'chd. Kiau fu 
tilu liAng chi nieh yii tii pjln che. 
Assimilate, to cause to resemble, -jl^ fg — ^ 'sz 
^k'ii yat, shik,. Shi k'ii yib sbili, '{^Z, ^'H^l 'sz 
,chi tsuk, *ts'z. Shi chi tsuh sz, ^»Ji ;^ 2Jjl -i^ 'sz 
,chi jP'ing tang. Shi chi p'ing tang ; to make to 
resi'inble, H^ t>lj jy ^ ts6' to' 'ts'z tsuk,. Tso tau 
sz tsuh, 2^ ijj^ — ^ ^chong jSliing yat^ shik,. 
Chwang ching yib shib, f^-f^jf/iiTifiiJ <i young'- tso' 
,fan. I ydag tso fin, ^ (l\ ^]\fX 'cbing tak, ,R6ung 
*ts'z. Cbing teh s:4 ig sz, fAi$l]f;5rfjl|} tsJ)» t6"fong 
fat,. Tso tau fang fall; to convert in*o a like 
substance, >f|;; % id' ,sbaug. Hwd sang, f^ jj||; |^j 
j^ fa' jshing ,t'iu g 'c'ai. Hwd chinj t'ung t'i. 



Assimilated j!^ -^ i^ i^ tsb' kwo' ^s^ung Hs'z. Tso 
kwo sidng sz, tj^^^i^ 'cbing kwo' tsuk, H«'z. 
Ching kwo tsuhsz, ^t^k^^^m ^^' i^^^^ ^^^"' 
,t'ung 't'ai. Hwd ching kwo t'ung t'i, '^i4t*f'^ 
tso* kwo' 'fong fat,, Tso kwo fang fuh. 

Assimilation, the act of bringing to a resemblance, 
^Wi — "^ 'sz ,kwai yat, shik,. Shi kwei yib shib, 
#f">iSlHl^ 'cbing tak, ,s(iung Hs'z 'ch^'. Ching 
teh siang sz ch6 ; a state of resemblance, ij^ '^ 
^s^ung Hs'z. Sidng sz, ^^^% fong fat,. Fang fuh, 
^l-jy lui' *ts'z. Lui sz, ^% te^ung* 'ts'z. Sidng 
sz ; the process by Avbich bcKiics convert other 
bodies into their own nature and substance, ^ 
j;J^ JHj'^fl fd' jsbing ,t'ung sing' 't'ai. Hwd ching 
t'ung sing t'i, >f^ Id'. Hwd, f^ i^ ,siii fa'. 

Assimilative, having the power of converting to a 
likeness, ^^ify^^, 'ho ts6* ,s6ung 'ts'z. K'o tso 
sidng sz, pj'jl^ — ^ 'ho 'sz yat, shilv,. K'o shi yih 
shih, pj*|j^ — 'f^ 'ho chi' yat, yeung'. K'o chi yih 

ydng, ;;;} <^ ^% U*S.Z'W V*^ f''^' *^^j"o 5^'"*^^ 
lui' ,cbi sing'. Yu hwd ching t'ung lui chi sing. 
Assist, to, to lend aid, f§ ^) Jjong eb(^^ F&ng tsii, 
H/j cbo\ Tsii, ^^rij/j joongcbo'. Pdngtsii, ^^ /u 
cho'. Pii tsu,' .jfiji \\]] fd' cbo\ Fu tsi'i. If 4IJ fii' 
seung'. Fu sidng, f;^\i{. tsdn' tso'. Tsdn tso, ^^ 
tsdn' cho'. Tsdn tsu, BJtfit a>'i ^'<^^' ^'^ ^'^' W # 

^p'ifu^ P'ifu,|:«jin/j.p'icbo'. P'itsu, |r&ij;;a>'<i' 

cho'. P'ei tsu, ^ ^} yau' cho'. Yu tsii, ^ QJj 
yik, cho'. Yib tsu, ^f$ yik, tsdn'. Yih tsdn, ^ 
-^"- ,pong 'shau. Pdng shau, 5^^ kdp, kdi'. Kidh 
kiai, 111 ^J ,seung cho'. Sidng Isu, ^ ^fji) ,s6ung 
pat,. Sidng pib, || f^ff, fu' pat,. Fu pib, ^ fii'. 
Fu, ^Ts jShing. Cbing, j^ tsai'. Tsi, ^ 'tseung. 



Tsiang, gg fail'. Fau, ;^ ,yam. Yin, :j]|j , p'ai. P'i, 
^- ^tseiing. Tsidng, |i| fu'. Fu, ^ jung. Jung, 
^ \an\ Yu, :tg ,un. Yuen, tgfl^ ^un cho'. Yuen 
tsu,*^^^p'ang. P'ang, j^i'. PJi, ^J^ tso'. Tso. 
|§ tsik,. Tsib, fX ts'z'. Ts'z, Q .cb'ii. Ch'u, gfl 
fii'. Fii, ^ lyj kau' cho'. Kiu tsu ; to favor, ^ 
^ ,pong ch'an'. Pang ts'in, ^ \\^ ^t'ai t'ip,. T'i 
t'ieh, '{^ «/0 't'ai ku'. T'i ku ; to assist the poor, 
•^ ^ tsai' .p'an. Tsi p'in. -p^ fl/j ^ ^ ts'z' cho' 
jP'an fdtj. Ts'z tsii p'in fdb ; assist him, ^ Qfl tM 
,pong cho"k'ii. Pdng tsu k'ii; to assist (cheer 
one) in bis old age, j^ :f^ ^ # 'i kdi' ,mi shau'. 
I kiai mei shau ; to assist the royal family, 0^ 
J^ -i 'tsdung ,wong shat,. I tsidng wdng shih; 
why do you not assist him? ^ !^ f^ Mi i^ ?^U 
ts'z', in. Wii pub ts'z yen; if you know that your 
friend is dead, assist him, ^Ij^^lf ,chi 'sz 'ch^ 
fiV. Chi sz ch6 fu ; assistance is to assist, ^ ^ 
|/}||f, cho' 'oh^ tsik, 'yd. Tsii cb6 tsib ye; to assist 
one another, :^ ^ ^seung ,poug. Sidng pdng, ^ 
i]// sdung cho'. Sidng tsii ; to assist in the admi- 
nistration of a government, i^ ^ sdung' kwok,. 
Sidng kwoh ; to assist in doing evil. ]\}) ^ cho* 
olc,. Tei; n'j;ob : lo assist freely, Q ^ pak, sung". 
Peh sung, ]'i^ fii' tsang*. Fii tsang; to benefit, 

^jii ^ ,kfi yik,. Kid yih, m ^ f'i' y'^^r ^'^ 3^ J 



ASS 



(ioi) 



ASS 



fu kfm 



Ml^^AiiaMMW^^i^tel 



to assist the emperor, ^ J^ tsan' sh^ung- 



TsaE I 
sliang ; to assist bringing about, f^ ^ tsan' | 
,shing. Tsan chiug ; to assist one's parents, ^ 
3^ "^ sz- fu^ Tno. Sz fii mii. 

Assistance \^} ^ cho' 'che. Tsu ch6 ; to render dit- I 
to, ^^ <pong cho*. Pdng tsii, ^^^ tPOi^g 'sbau : 
ditto to the poor, j^^ tsai' ^p'au. Tsi p'in ; ditto , 
to the state, yj^ 10 seung' kwok,. Sil,ng kwoh : 
covert assistance, ^^ ^kwan tsit . Kwcin tsieh ; 
to give a douceur for underhand aid, ^l^"^ 'ta 
jkwdn tslt^. Ta kwt'in tsioh ; to procure assistance, 
te^ 'ka 'shau.' Kia shau, f^ -^ tse' 'shau. Tsi6 
shau, ^^ tsik, 'shau. Tsih shau, j^^J ts6'cho\ 
Tsie tsii ; to seek assistance, J^ i^J ,k'au cho^ 
K'iti tsii. 

Assistant, lielping, ^ ^ chor tik^. Tsu tih. 

Assistant, one who aids, ^ -^ cPong 'shau. P6,ng 
shau, ^ ^ ^ fPOiig "^shau 'che. Pang shau che, 
Iff ;/J ^ cho^ Hk, 'che. Tsii lih ch6, §}J}V^A 
cho' lik, ke' jan. Tsu lih tih jin, ^j^^]^, /u cho- 
'ch6. Fu tsA ch^, ^ fc 'kun kj'i. Kw^n kid ^ 
jShiug. Ching, g|J fu'. Fu,.^ tso'. Tso, :^ 'tso. 
Tso, f IJI^ fu' 1'-. Pu rh jK^ 'chdu ^nga. Chau jk ; 
an excellent assistant, ^'jli'] shin" pat^. Shenpih, 
^505 s^*^*^'^» P^^2- Liang pih; an assistant district 
magistrate * , ^^ iin- ^shing. Yuen ching, ^ 
1^ fan iin-. Fanyuen, ;^^ 'tso^t'ong. Tso fang; 
secondary ditto, "j^ ^ yau" <t'ong. Yii fang, :j:^ 
^ p6* ,f eng. Pii f ing, ^^^ yap^ wai'. Yih wei, 
^ ^ yap, jts'6. Yih ts'du ; an assistant magis- 
trate of a department, f|j |^ ^chau .f ung. Chau 
fung, jll^j ^chaup'un'. Chau pw'l,n, j'|'|tc ,chaii 
tso'. Chau tso, ^Ij^ pit, kd'. Piehkia; principal 
assistant, or prime minister, ^Ji^ 'ch'ung s^ung'. 
Ch'ung siang, ^fj^ pdi' seung'. Pai siang, ^i^ 
'tsoi seung'. Tsai siang ; assistant minister of state, 
^^ sShing seimg'. Ching siang ; assistant of the 
inner court, f^j >[^ ^chmig seung'. Chung siang ; 
assistant censor, ^lj§f,f|pj;^ fii' ,t5 ii" 'sz. Fii tii 
y\i shi ; assistant examiner of literary candidates, 
wlj i ^ fii' 'chii 'hau. Fii chu k'au ; assistant 
commissioner, ^|J ^ fu' 'sz. I'd shi ; assistant 
commissary, -G jf^ -g ^ping pi- tb'. Ping pi tau ; 
assistant minister of the sacrificial court, ^ '^ 
^d^M *'^i' jSheung tsz^ shiii' ,hing. T'ai chdng 
tsz shdu k'ing ; assistants in public offices, ^ ^ 
noi^ mokj. Nui moh ; assistants of officers in gen- 
eral, i^y^ t 'tso yau\ Tso yii, ^jjijl 'shau keuk,. 
Shau kioh ; assistant to a superintendent of edu- 
cation, U|| ^ fan' to'. Fan tdu ; assistant or a 
sub-prefect, |5] ^ , jg ^ij ^f ung p'lin'. T'ung 
pw'an ; assistants of a prefect, jg} ^-p jf ung 
,chi. T'ung chl. J»|J^^ kM^an' ^shing. Kiun ching, 
1^ ^ i- jhau. Rh hau, ^ j^ /an 'fii. Fan fu ; 
assistants of salt commissioner, j^jsj wan^ jf iing. 



* This and the following are the designation for the Superiuten- 
dent of Police of a distiict. 

f In a more extended sense the term ^I^ET comprises the whole 
■uite of a mandarin. 



Yun fung, j^glj^ wan^ fii' 'sz. Yun fii shi ; as- 
sistants of the provincial judge, ^^u]^lj'}|^ on' 
ch'at, ^sz fii' 'sz. Ngan ch'ah sz fti sz, ^ gjj bin' 
fii'. Hien fii ; assistants of the provincial trea- 
surer, 'fli i^ ^ ^ i^ P^' ching' ^sz /s'dm ching'. 
Pii ching sz ts'an ching, ^|$ /s'dm 'i. Ts'an i ; 
assistant or Ueutenant general, ^ij ^ (^ fti' Jib 
'fung. Fu tii fung ; assistants to a general, ad- 
nural, or a commander-in-chief next to the Tartar 
General, glJ|^-G fiV 'tsung ^ping. Fii tsung ping, 
j^ ^ hip, chan'. Hieh cliin, ^] t|f- fii' tseung'. 
Fii tsidng; ti^^:i hip,;iing. Hieh ling, ^ J(f - 
/s'am tseung'. Ts'an tsiang * . 

Assisting ^ cho'. Tsii, ^^ cPO^a cho'. Pang tsii, 
^ /li. Fii, glj fii'. Fii, ^ fiV. Fii. 

Assize, I a court iii England, licld in evcrj^ county 

Assizes, ) by at least one of the judges of the super- 
ior courts for trying criminal cases, ::^ ^ ^ P^ 
it, jf oi jUga ^miin. Nieh f ai ya mun, ^ |:| tdi' 
kot,. Ta koh ; the time of holding the court of 
assize, i^lj [gf ^ B$ p'lin' tiin' ,chi ,shl. Pw'an 
twan chi shi. 

Assize, to, to fix the rate of, to assess, j^'f^ 'kii ka'. 
Kii kid ; to fix the iveight and measiu-e, price of 
commodities, ^W-'lk'^ #^ ^^^S^ s^'iin, leung', 
kii' 'tang sz'. Ting k'iuen, hang, kid tang sz, gg* 
^^fi'l.1l#¥ c^'^'it, fiit, teng^k'iin, leung^, 
kd' 'tang sz^ Shell fah ting k'iuen, liang, kid 
tang sz. 

Assizer, an officer who has the inspection of weights 
and measures, ^ f^ ^' <^ '^ teng' jk'iin leung' 
^chi ^kiin. Ting k'iuen lidng chi kwdn. 

Associable, that may be joined to, "pj" ^ 'ho hop^. 
K'o hoh ; sociable, Pj" ^ J4 'ho ^kdu ^au. K'o 
kiau yu, pf :;ji{3 ^ 'ho ^seung ^kau. K'o sidng 
kidu. 

Associate, to join in company, as a friend, :^ ^ 
_.kau T^au. Kidu yii, "^ \Jf^ ^kdu .yau. Kidu yii, 
>l'0 ^ ^seung jkau. Sidng kidu, ^* ^ kit, ndp^. 
Kieh ndh; ^'^^^ tai''h5. Ti hau, H^^i ^seung 'ii. 
Sidng yii, ^ |^ ^kau tsip,. Kidu tsieh, ij^ ^ 
j^seung pun'. Sidng pwdn, jj^^ -p^ ,p'iii piin\ P'ei 
pwkn, TJigPn (Seung (P'ui. Sidng p'ei, ^'f^ jkw'an 
piin', ;|^ f^ ^ ,s6ung 'wong ^loi. Sidng wdng Idi, 
l^fX jf ung jhang. T'ung hang, J5j4^ ^f ung tso'. 
T'ung tso, 1^ yjT^ jf ung ch'ut, yap^. T'ung ch'uh 
jih; to unite, ^-^ ui' hop^. Hwui lioh; constant- 
ly to associate with, ff — '^ ^ — '§^ jhang yat, 
^sh^ung "'k'i yat, tiii' ; to associate with the an- 
cients (to spend one's time in studying their 
works), -^ X ^l li 'kii ^yan 'ii ^k'ai. Kii jin yii 
k'i; to associate with the lowbred, }]^^ 1dm' ^kdu. 
Ldn kidu ; to associate indiscriminately, §[ V^i^ 
M liin^ kom' ,s^ung ^u. Lwdn kdn sidng yii, ^ 

* The respective rank of theoi'licevB is : — District Magistrate, 7th 
rank, Inspector of Education in his district, dilto; that of a 
ioub-prelect, 6th rank; tliat of a Prefect, <ttli i-ank ; the Salt 
(Jomniiiisioner, od, the Provincial Judge, do. ; the Provincial 
'J'reasurer, 2d ; a Lieutenant General, 1st ; Commander-in-chief 
next to tho Tartar General, 1st, Lu' Tseung', ditto &c. 



ASS 



(102) 



ASS 



^ ^ P^^; f'^^^i <^^"- ^"^ *^^^^ ^'^" ' *^ associ- 
ate with tiie wicked, ^^ 'tong ok,. Tdngngoh, 
^)|SIE5i <l<^i" kit, 'fi" lui'. Kidu kieh fi lui, jj^ 
^ yj% X s('miig -ii 'sin jan. Siing yii sidu jin, 

Associate, an, one frequently in company with an- 
other, ^^ ^p'ang'yau. P'ang yii, ^fg j)'ang 
nil. P'ang lii, ^^ ,p'ang ^ch'di. Fang ch'di, ^ 
jP'ang jCh'au. P'ang ch'au ; a partner or as- 
sociate in business, lift % kai'. Hoki, ll'^ 'fo 
}i<m\ Ho pwdn, ^^ h6pj prin^ Hoh pwin, |^ 
^ jt'ung piin*. T'ung pwiln, (^ ^ jt'ung sz\ 
T'ung sz, '^ yjj . hopj 'fo. lloh ho ; an associate 
on a journey, ^j jg jhang 'lii.* Hang lii ; an 
associate in office, |n) f^ c^'ung jliu- T'ung 
liilu, -j^ ^ Jiu ^yau. Lidu yu ; an associate in 
crime, ^. *^ ok, 'tong. Ngoh tdng ; to have an 
associate, :^ -f^ ^au pun'. Yii pwin, ^ J^ ^ 
'yau 'sho ^kau. Yii so kisiu ; a father's associates, 
1>t^M 'f''i' c^J^i 'ch'i. Pu chl ch'i. 

Associated, united in company, ^ ^ ui- hbp^. 
Hwui hoh ; associated in business, ^ -f^ hbp^ 
pun^ lloh pwdn ; associated in friendship, jj^^ 
jS6ung 'h(). Sidng hdu, ^ ^ 'h6 -yau. Hiiuyii ; 
to be associated with in government, :^ JJ^ ship, 
ching'. Nieh cliing. 

Associating, uniting in friendship, ^ ^ ^kdu ^au. 
Ki^u yu, ^ ^ ,k^u jyau. Kidu yii ; ditto in in- 
terest, -^^^ h()pj pun\ Hoh pwdn ; ditto in com- 
pany, -^ 1^ hh\\ ui^ Hoh hwui. 

Association, the act of associating, -^ -^ ui' h6p^. 
Hwui hoh, i^ -^^ ^seung ^fau. Sii'mg t'au, ^ ^ 
jt'au hcipj. T'au hoh, ^ ^ tsii' lii'. Tsii hwui, 
^ "^ tsii' 'shau. Tsii shau, ^^ ^ ch'^ung' tsii'. 
Ch'dng tsii ; a society or club, i^ lii'. Hwtii ; to 
form an association, ^""^ ,hoi tii'. K'di hwui, |g; 
1^ ch'it, lii'. Sheh hwui ; to join an association, 
A ^ y^P- ^i^- Jil^ hwui, ^ -^ jliin ui'. Lien 
hwui, ^ ^ ts6' lii'. Tso hwui, ^ -^ * pdi' ui'. 
Pdi hM'ui ; a private association (similar to a sav 



ings bank), ^|; 



£M. 



,ngan 



ui' 



Yin hwui ; the 
" Longevity Association", -^ ^ "^ jCh'6ung 
,shang tii'. Ch'dng sang hwui ; a literary associa- 
tion, "^ 1^ ^man lii'. Wan h-naii ; the poet's as- 
sociation, 1^ 1^ ^shi lii'. Shi hwui ; the associa- 
tion for mutual protection, 1^ ]|f ""^ 'p<^ jl6ung 
tii^ Pdu liing \v\x\\\ ; the Masonic Association, j^ 
W^ ,kw'ai 'kii lii^ Kw'ei kii liwui ; rules of an 
association, -^ -;^ lii' ,kw'ai. Hwui kw'ei ; inter- 
course, ^' ^^i ,kdu ^ts'an. Kidu ts'in, ^ i^ ,kdu 
tsip,. Kidu tsi'ch, ^ |t?^ ,kdu tsai*. Kidu tsi, ^ 
g'^kdu kit,. Kidu kieh, ^^ Hong Mi. Tang yii, 
^^ mat^ ,kdu. Mih kidu. 
Assoilmcnt, act of assoiling, ^*/J; ,sau ^li. Siii wii ; i 
absolution, |f?p shilc, tsiii'. Shihtsiii, ijj^p sh^'*' 
tsiii'. 8hi6 tsfii. . 

• This term is only ajipliiHl to joiuiii^j iin ii»8<x>.iation fornieil for. 
rcrohitiouary or other unhiwfwl purposes. Its vpi-y sound frigh- j 
tens <. iiiucso otliaTs, heiico should d« used with great discre- ' 
liion «ven iU coi. serration. I 



Assonance, resemblance of sounds (term used in 
poetry), ^ ^ dp, wan'. Ydh yun. 

Assort, to, to separate and distribute intf) classes, 
^ # #^ Wi chuk, y6ung' ,p'ai >i. Chuh ydng 
p'ai k'di, ^^^}^ chuk, y^ung' /an ^hoi. Chuh 
ydng fan k'di, ^ ^p ,on ^p'di. Ngin p'ii, ^ g 
p6' cbi'. Pii Chi, ili^J^^fi\] S lui' ,p'di lit,, t lui 
p'di lieh, :^^lj:^p^ ,fau pit, ^p'di hoi. Fan pich 
p'di k'd,i, ^ ^f ^ M >n !"•' <on chi'. Fan lui 
ngdn chi ; to assort colors, gg, ^ p'<ii' shik,. P'ei 
sib ; ill assorted, >j^ gjj, pat, p'lii'. Pub p'ei. 

Assortment "f^M^^^]^ S 1^"' .P'^i ^^^^ '^'i*''- ^ !"» 
p'dfi lieh che; assortment of coloi-s, g£ -^ p'lii' 
shik,. P'ei sib ; assortment of numbers, ^'^^ hb* 
shb\ Hdu sii. 

Assuage, to, to reduce, as pain, ^ ^ 'kdm ,beng. 
Kien k'ing, g^^ chi' ,beng. Chi k'ing, -g^^ 'sz 
^hcng. Shi k'ing; to soothe, ^ 'fii. Fu, ^ 'kii. 
Kidi ; to assuage grief, ^ ^ 'kdi jau. Kiii yii ; 
to assuage wTath, i^.^-M T^'P^ l^'^ ^^' ^d'.' Pi 
k'i k'i hid, f^ttiH^iPtljiS '^^' 'k'i:. 'mai k6m' nau, 
M #- P ^ 'kam ^t'd nau hi'. Kien t'd niau k'i, 

MM ^^K II"'- Sib nu. 

Assuage, to, to subside, j|J t'lii'. T'lii. 

Assuaged, mitigated, ij^ f^ ;^ chi' ^heng kwo'. Chi 
k'ing kwo ; eased, :|^f jijS 'lii k^-o*. Fii kwo. 

Assuasive, mitigating, ^ j^ ^]i] chi' ,heng tik,. Chi 
k'ing tib ; tranquilizing, ^^^J 'fd ,on tik . Fii 
ngdn tib. , 

Assuetude, custom, |^$^ kwdn* .king. Kwdn king, 
Wi l^i k^^"^* lai'. Kwdn li ; habitual use, '^ \f^ 
jSh6ung kwdn'. Cbdng kwdn. 

Assume, to, to take upon one's self, ^ shin'. Sben, 
g ^ tsz' shin'. Tsz sben, g 9^ tsz' ^chun. Tsz 
chuen, ^ \m>'. Mdu, ^ chim'. Chen, -^^ chim'. 
Chen, ^ ts'im'. ts'ieu ; to assume to one's self, 
■^^ ts'im' fan'. Ts'ienfan; to assume precedence, 
fei ts'im' ,tsiin. Ts'ientsun, j^ -^^^ chim' ^sin 
hii'. Chen sien k'ii, r^ ;^ ^ cbim' ^sin 'kong. 
Chen sien kidng, ^-^ chim' .sin. Cben sien, ^ 
-^8J^ cbim' jSin ^t'au. Cben sien t'au; to assume 
more for one's self. ^^ ^"^ cbim' ^p'in ^i. Chen 
p'ien i; to assume a false name, ^ ^ m6' 
^meng. Mdu ming, fi W ^ ^ ^d m6' ,meng 
tsz'. Kid mdu ming tsz; to a.ssume a feigned 
manner, ^ -^ '('^ t/J! ,chong ^nio tsok, y^ung'. 
Chwdng mii tsoh yjing, i^^j^fj"^^ 'kd p^n' ,hang 
jWai. Kid pdn bang wei; to assume credit to one's 
self, ^^ tiitj ,mcug. Toh ming; to assume mer- 
i<. if '^ ^ tilt. ,kung ,16. Toh kimg Idu, ^Ji ^ 
jt'iii jkung. T'idu kung ; to assume power, ^ ^ 
lung'jk'iin. Lung k'iuen, ^;^ shin', k'iin. Shen 
k'iucn, S^ ^f^ cliiin ,k'iin. Chuen k'iuen, fl[| ^ 
Mam jk'iin. Ldn k'iu(>n ; to assume command (as 
the empemr), U^fitp ,1am ii'. Lin yii ; to suppose. 



^l 'kd. Kifi, I"- ^t' ch'it, yiHik,. Sheb job^to as- 
sume too muoh to one's •self, j^ @ -kS ^ tsz' 
'cb'ing kwo' ^fau. Tsz cb'ingkwo t'au. f^ .^ ^jjc 
jljft tsz* chiin t'^' kwo'. Tsz chuen t'Ai kwo ; to 



ASS 



(103) 



AST 



assume to effect public works, l^ii^f^ shin" tso* 
tsok^. Slien tsau tsoh ; to assume appearance, J^ 
^ 'ts'ii mdu". Ts'ii mdu ; to assume the form of 
man (said of spu'its and apparitions), ^KjB ^^' 
.yan ^ying. Hien jin hing, -^^A^ pin' ,yan jing. 
Pien jin hing. 

Assumed ^ i^ chim' kAvo'. Chen kwo, ^j^ shin- 
kwo'. Shen kwo, ^ j^ ts'im' kwo'. Ts'ien kwo, 
P^ m6- kwo'. Mdu kwo, -^^j^ pin' kwo'. Pien 
kwo, J^)^ 'ts'ii kwo'. Ts'ii^kwo. 

Assuming ^ chim'. Chen, |g shin'. Shen, ^ mo'. 
Mau ^ ngo'. Ngau ; assuming the appearance of 
virtue, ^ 3^ -fH shik^ 'ts'u ,yan. Sih ts'ii jin ; ar- 
kiu kw'a. liiaukw'a; taking for 



rogatmg. 






granted, gg* ^ ch'it^ yeuk^. Sheh joh ; jJ^tend- 

iiig. 1^ M '^^ i"^^^- ^^^ ^^'^i' # M syeuug jwai. 
Yang wei. 
Assuming, arrogant, ^ ^ ^kiu ngo'. Kidu ngau, 
^ ^ ^kiu ^king. Kiau king, ^ H ngo^ shi'. 
Ngau shi, A W. t^i' y<^ung^ Ta ydng, ;^ ^ tai^ 
'kd. Ta kia, ^ ^ ^chong ^hong ; assuming and 

insolent, 'f^ Wii Wl ^^ ^^^^' s*^'^^ "S^" "^^^r ^^^ 
ts'ai ngau wuli, '[^ ^ ft5j A ^^^^' ^^^'^^' ^^^ i}'^^- 
Shi shi k'i jin, '[^ ^ '^k 'h ^^^' '^i Jing mat^. 
Shi ki ling wuh. 

Assumption, the act of taking upon one's self, ^ 
:j§ ^ tsz" shin^ 'die. Tsz shen che ; the act of 
taking for granted, ^g^ ,ku "^hii. Kii hii, ^^ i>J[ 
'^p^ sun' 'i jWai ^in. Sin i wei jen, ^^ g^- ii ^ 
,ku 'hii jk'i shat,. Kii hii k'i shih ; Christ's asump- 
tion of our flesh, ^^^"^^^ ,Ki tuk^ ^chi t'ok, 
^shan. Ki tuh chi t'oh shin ; the taking up a per- 
son into heaven, ^ ^ ^shing ^t'in. Shing t'ien ; 
a consequence drawn from a proposition of wliich 
an argument is composed, f*}x J^ ^ M^ '^'^o 'ts'ii 
,chi i\ So ts'ii chi I, f>)\^^^, 'slio chap, ^chi i'. 
So chih chi i. 

Assumptive, that may be assumed, p]" ^ 'ho 'ts'ii. 
K'o ts'ii, pf ^ 'ho shin-. K'o shen, ^f^l^ 'ho 
^kii 'hu. K'o kii hii. 

Assurance, the act of assuring, ^g^ shat^ wi'. Shih 
hwd, iS^^ k'ok, shut,. K'ioh shwoh, j^^^ff 'sz 
shat, sun'. Shi shih sin, ^ -B^ j^ Hng^ k'ok, sun'. 
Ling k'ioh sin ; firm persuasion, ^'fg shat, sun'. 
Shih sin, ^ ^ ^kin sun'. Kien sin, ^ '(g tuk, 
sun'. Tuh sin, ^ j^ k'ok, sun'. K'ioh sin, ^ ^ 
^chi shat,. Chi shih, ^ ^ teng^ ,chi. Ting chi, 
^ shat, ^chi. Shih chi ; freedom from doubt, 
^mo ji. Wdi; certain expectation, ^.lHl^\ 
^ k'i' .k'i'pit, -yau. K'i k'i pieh yii, ^^Jj^^ 
k'f mong^ plt^ 'y^u. K'i wang pieh yu, ^ ^ 
shat, mong^. Shih Avang, '^iff^'^] shat^ mong' 
tak, 'to. Shih wdng teh tau ; full confidence, ^ 
^^ijl<^ kii' sun' pit, yau. Kii. sin pieh yu ; the 
utmost certainty, ^^It'^ ten^ ^chi ^k'l sliat^. 
Ting chi k'i sliih ; firmness of mind, ^ ^ ^ jVj) 
^kin teng^ ,chl ^sam. Kien ting chi sin ; certain 
knowledge, ^^ fl|*i^ ;^ tik, k'ok, sliik, ^chi. Tih 
k'ioh shih chi, % '^ ^{l $|J k'ok, shat, ^(^hi t6'. 



K'ioh shih chi tdii, H ^ ^ :f| 'kwo sliat^ shik, 
tak,. Ko shih shih teh ; insurance, -^ [|^ 'p6 
'htm. Pau hien, ^^ntl)ft * "mai in' ^sho. Mai yen 
sii ; impudence, M ^ ^l, ^mo ^lim 'ch'i. Wu lien 
ch'i, :A:p tai^ 'tam. Ta tan, M-^ )kZ K liau^ 
min^ jp'i ^chi jan. Hau mien p'i chi jin ; full 
confidence in Christ and of final salvation, ^- |g 
WUW^'ML sl»at, sun' ^Ki tuk, ,i tak, kaii'. Shih 
sin Ki tuh rh teh kill, :^ -fg g- '^ tuk sun' ^KI 
tuk,. Tuh sin Ki tuh. 
Assure, to, to make certain, •^5||^ ling- k'ok, shat,. 
Ling k'ioh shih ; to insure, |^''Oi^|)j^ 'mai 'p6 'him. 
Mai pau hien, %^^ 'mai in' ^sho. MAi yen 
sii ; to give confideilc'e by a promise, f^ ^ tsok, 
'p6. Tsoh pan, |^ f^ A ^«o' 'po jan. Tso pdu 
ji^' tSr "0^ ^C tso- 'po ^kfi. Tso pau kia ; to make 
confident, ^A^SM chi' jan ^m5 ,i. Chi jin wu 
1' 1^Ai5jp5 's!5 .jan ^kin sun'.' Shi jin kien sin ; 
to aver, ^- fj shat, Ava'. Shih hwa, iS^ |^ k'ok, 
shiit,. K'ioh shwoh ; he assured us of it, ^|^|^ 
^P shatj shiit, 'ngo ^clii. Shih shwoh wo clli ; to 
assure one's self, t^ ^ ^fl k'ok, shat, ^chi. K'ioh 
shih chi, ^ ^ ?t ^ ,ch'a ,k'i k'ok, "shat,. Ch'a 
k'i k'ioh shih, g ^^^j"^ tsz^ ,ch'a tik k'ok . Tsz 
ch'd tih k'ioh. 



Assured, made certain, flj^flf ^ 'sz k'ok, shat^. Shi 
k'ioh shih ; certain, ^<j 7S^ tik, k'ok,. Tih k'ioh, 
^^ teng- cheuk,. Ting clioh ; insured, M®!^ 
P^ -mill kwo' 'p5 'him. Mai kwo pau hien, '^^^ 
^R^ \% "mai kwo' in' ^sho. Mai kwo yen su; indu- 
bitable, &.[|| ^mo J. Wu i, M'lJ^ ^mo ,i wak,. 
Wu i hwoh, p. ,g, ^^ ,m6 ^sz ^i. Wii sz i, — ^ 
^- M yat,Jeng- ^mo ,i. Yili ting wii i ; I am as- 
sured, |^J^^l$lj -ngo^chan^chito'. Wo chin chi 
t^u, ^^^ 'ngo shat, chi. Wo shih chi ; bold 
to excess, "^ |g 'kom 'tiim. Kan tan ; impudent, 
^HIISlI: cUio ,11m 'ch'i. Wii lien ch'i; assured of 
final salvation, g^ \^ f|= |^ ^kiu sun' tak, kau'. 
Kien sin teh kiii. 

Assuredly, certainly, ^ 'gfC- teng' ,iu. Ting jen, |g 
^ ku' .In. Kii jen, /^v ifji pit.'.in. Pieh jen, ^ 
-^ tiin' jin. Twdn jen, ^ ^^ 'kwo ,ln. Ko jen, 
ik* >£ pit, teng-. Pieh ting, -^ ij^s shi' pit,. Shi 
pieh, ^^ teng' pit,. Ting pieh, jg/fHf tun' tiin'. 
Twantwan, >(Jj|/^^ k'ok,sIn. K'ioh jen, ^4^ 'wai 
,in. Wei jen, ^ ^ 'wai shat,. Wei shili, |g ^ 
Svai 'kwo. Wei ko ; indubitably, M. ^ nio j. 
Wu i, % Jf. ^14 ^ jno pat, ,ii shi-."'Wu puh jii 
shi, ^ ^- .^ f^ shatj shat^ lok^ lok,. Shih shih 
loh loh, ^ {£ shat, tsoi'. Shih tsai," ^ ^ shat^ 
'shau. Shih shau. 

Aster cliinensis, yX ^ ^ <kong jUain 'tsz. Kiang 
nan tsz. 

Asterias, stella marina, ^ jf^ # ,kai 'chin ,li. Ki 
chdu yu, '/f^ j^^ 'hoi 'in. lltli yen. 

Aster marinus condrilla, ^ ^ ^ <wo:vg /a ts'oi'. 
llwdng hwd ts'ai. 

Asterisk, the figure of a star (*), used in printing 

* Mai in sho is a corruption of insurance and to insure. 



AST 



(104) 



AST 



and writing, — ■ ^/j ^ yat, 'tim ^sing. Yih tien j founding people with fear, <^ ^ ^ i|^ ling* jan 

sing; a mark of reference, ^^ g||| ^j,^ sP'ong fan'! ^keng ngok^. Ling jin king ngoh. 

h6'. P'dng hiun hdu, ^ f^ ;5g ^ ^p'ong 'kdi ki' Astonishing, wonderful ! ^ ^ ,k'i ,t8oi. K'i tsdi. 



h6^ P'dng kidi ki liAu ; to mark with an asterisk, 
tr 1^!^ M 'td 'tim ,sing. ^ fa i! wdk, ki' hb'. 
Hwd kl lidu. 

Astern, behind a ship, ^ f^ ^ tsoi' ^shiin hau'. 
Tsdi ch'uen hau ; towards the stem, ffi] |;]|^ ^ 
hcung' jShiin *mi. Hidng ch'uen wi; fasten on 
asteni, ^ j;|/^ ^ nai' jshiin 'mi. Nai ch'uen wi. 

Asteroids /J^fj^ 'siu <luing ,sing. Sidu liang sing; 
a name given to about 40 and odd newly disco- 
vered planets, ^ ^^Ji^Uyfj ^:^y^ ,san kin' sai' 
*8iii jhang ^sing ^chi ^ch'ing. Sin kien si sidu hang 



sing chi ch'ing. 



Asthenic, weak, ^ %% 'iin yeuk^. Yuen joh, J^ ^ 
jShdn yeukj^. Tsdn joh, ^^% jau yeuk^. Jau joh. 

Asthma, difficulty of breathing, ^ p^ hi' 'ch'iin. 
K'i ch'uen, ^'H ,hdhi'. Kikk'i', if:;^ ,hki .ha. 
Hidu kid, Ij^p^'hdu 'ch'iin. Hidu ch'uen, ^pi* 
hf ,t8'5. K'i ts'du, ^^ hi' 'kan. K'i kin, ;f p^- 
kap, 'ch'iin. Kih ch'uen, 01 kap . Kidh, ;fjt ^jg 
'ch'e ,hd. Ch'6 kid ; humoral asthma, ||p^ ^t'am 
'ch'iin. T'dn ch'uen ; great diffi(julty of i)reathing, 
^MJ^IM ,liin lii'^ni 'sheung ,t'dn. K'ien k'i 
wii shdng t'dn ; to suffer of asthma, || ^ * fdt, 
hdp, (an expression chiefly heard among the Hak- 
ka) ; to get asthma, ^^^ 'hi ^hd hi\ K'i kid k'i. 

Asthmatic ^ p^- |5^ hi' 'ch'Un tik,. K'i ch'uen tih, 
M.^^^^X <1'^ 111' k6'; troubled with asthma, ^^ 
p^ Va^i hi' 'ch'iin. Yu k'i ch'uen, '^ p^:j|ti shau' 
'cli'un peng^. Shau ch'uen ping. [*il. p6t hdp.] 

Astonish, to, to astonish people, ^ A ^0. ^ ling^ 
jyan ,hoi i^ Ling jin hidi i, ^ A ji# ^J^g^ jJ^n 
,keng hak . Ling jin king hih, ^ A Si;' || ling' 
,yan ch'd' i*. Ling jin ch'^ U^X% g^ 'sz jan 
^keng ngd\ Shi jin king yd, \^ A A^lt .?i^. 'sz jan 
,keng jhoi. Shi jin king hidi, fji A % ^) 'sz ,yan 
,keng ngok,. Shi jin king ngoh, j^ X^^lijt '^z 
jyan shat, tat^ ngat,. Shi jin shih tub wuh, ^"A 
M'I't cheuk, ^yan ^wong ^mong. Clioh jin hwdng 
mdng, -^^Alti'^ ling'jan ch'ut, ,k'i. Ling jin 
ch'uh k'i, ^ A f| ^T ling* jan ^keng ^k'i. Ling 
jui king k'i, -<f^ At$|'(- ^Jng' jan kAvdi' i^ Ling 
jin kwdi i, ^ K%% ling* ^yan ,keng kwdi'. Ling 
jin king kwdi, ^ A ^ *|i& ling* jan ^k'i kwdi'. 
Ling jin k'i kwdi ; to astonish the world, f^ ^• 
l/jJili ,keng,t'in tung' tl^ King t'ien tung ti, ^ 
Mi ^ illi .l^^^ng tung' ,t'in ti". King tung t'ien ti. 

Astonished, confounded with surprise or admiration. 
9{^ ch'ut, ,k'i. Ch'uh k'i, J^ifi^ kin' ch'd' i^ 
Kien ch'd i, \l -jjf i)^^ kin' 'ku kwdi'. Kien ku 
k^vii, },i\\\'^i kin' ch'ut,,k'i. Kien ch'uh k'i, ji 
i^il kin' ,k'i i^ Kien k'i 1, ^^ ,hoi i'. Hidi 1, 
tv ^^. ngok^ ,iu. Ngoh jen, ^ ^- J[^ sluit, tat, 
ngrt,. Shih tub wuh. 

Astonishiu!,'. confounding j)eople with wonder, -j^ 
A H.i V.j 'sz ,yan eirut, ,k'i. Shi jin ch'uh k'i, ^ 
A 1^ ^ ling* jyan ,hoi i*. .1 jng jui hidi i ; con- 



^\^ ch'ut, ,k'i. Ch'uh k'i ^^ kwdi' 'yd. Kwdi 
y^, >(^,^ kwdi' jd. Kwdi hii, ^^ 1' ,t8oi. I tsdi. 
HI "^ "i" # ch'ut, ,k'i 'ku kwdi'. Ch'idi k'i kii 
kwdi ; how very wonderful I ^ It ^ -(^ ,ho jk'i 
,k'i 'yd. Ho k'i k'i y6, />jFt}j^ 'h6 ch'ut -^k'i. 

Astonishingly, in a degree to excite amazement, 
n f; c« .Cheung. Fi Chang, ^ '^ i^ ,shdung. I 
chdng, .^ ^ <hoi i\ Hidi i, ^y til "^ '^6 ch'ut 
,k'i. Hdu ch'uh k'i. 

Astonishment, amazement, .^ || ^hoi i'. Hidi 1, ^ 
-H. ^- ,boi i* 'ch6. Hidi i ch6, ^If ^ ,keng ngd' 
'ch6. King yd che, §%• ^ ch'd' i\ Ch'd i ; filled 
with wonder and astonishment, ffi ;;;fC ^^ |]J- ^mo 
pat ^keng ngd^ Wupuh kingya, %'X4'i^ ph 
pat, ch'd' i^ Wii puh ch'd 1 ; could not help ex- 
pressing his astonishment, ^ ;%. ttj ^ pat, Tnin 
ch'ut, jk'i. Puh mien ch'uh k'i. 

Astound, to astonish people, ^ K^Wi *''- sy^" 
,keng ngd*. Shi jin Idng yd \^ \^^ 'sz ,yau 
jhoi i'. Shi jin hidi i ; to strike dumb with amaze- 
ment, ^Ir A H IM chan' jan ^lung 'fui. Chin 
jin lung hwui, 1&| A^ El c^eng jan 'i muk^. King 
jin rh muh. 

Astounding, adapted to astonish, Ti[j|^^|^ 'ho 'sz 
,keng nga-. K'o shi king yd, ^ # A tt{ "^ ^^'^g' 
tak, ,yan ch'ut, ^k'i. Ling teh jin ch'uh k'i, ^ 
fij Ae^II 'pi tak, ^yanch'd' i^ Pi teh jin ch'd i. 

Astraddle, Avith the legs accross a thing, jj^ .R^ RJK 
#. ,k'e 'md 'kom tso^ K'i md kdn tso, ^ 
j^ jk'e Wi 'kom yeung'. K'e md kdn vdng, 
\% l®:# liok, yl ^md'k6m y6ung'. Hioh k'i md 
kdn yang. J^ 4ffc rffj ^ .k'e ,ln ,i tso'. K'i jen 
rh tso. 

Astraea, ") a small plant or asteroid, j^f^/hfT^J^ 

Astrea, J -^^ ,san sai' 'siu .hang ^sing ^chi ^meng. 
Sin si sidu hang sing chi ming ; the goddess of 
justice • , jE [jJ -j^ |p||l ^ ching' chikj 'nii ^shan 
^meng. Ching chili nii shin ming. 

Astragal, a little round molding which surrounds 
the top or l)ottom of a column, in the form of a 
ring, [^ 1^ ,biin sin'. K'iuen sien, ^ ^ BSS; ^ 
y6ukj jhiin 'kom yeung'. Job k'iuen kdn ydng. 

Astragalus, the heel bone, ^ S(S *^ kcHik, kan 
kwat,. Kioh kin kuli. 

Asti-al, staiy, 3il M.-^^ yeuk^ ,sing ^chi nuiu'. Job 
sing chi mdu ; belonging to the stare, fj^^ shuk^ 
,siug. Shuh sing, ^ ^ ,kwdn sing. Kwdn sing, 
M"^ ^sing kc'. Sing tih. 

Astral lamp, an Argand lamp, |^;l^ ,bun Jang. 
K'iuen tang, ijl* if ^f jg^ Aikan ,tang. Arhkin 
tang. 

Astray, out of the right way, »^ ifi4 niai 16'. Mi 
l<i. ":^ ^ shat, UV. Shih lu, 5^ j^ ,m:u ,16'. Mi 
t'u, -^^ shat, tVo'. Shih ts'o ; to go astray as a 



The w|iS M 5^1 ^^f <•>•' I'rovincial or otlicr cities eiercxsw, ac- 
t'ordiiiji; U> Cliiiioxo notions, the fuui-tioiw usiTilxtl Ui AstxuMu 



AST 



(105) 



AT 



dog, 



^ tong- sliat^. Tang sliih ; to go astray 
as a child, ^^^^^ ton^ sliat^ 16'. Taag shih lii ; 
to lead astray, ^j j^ 'kwai jinai. Kwai mi ; you 
run astray, i^^^ *ni 'kong ts'o'. Ni kiang ts'o, 
i^^M '^1 i"^ chcuk,. Ni puh choh ; to go astray 
from a company, ^^ Jiang shat,. Hang sliih. 

Astrict, to bind fast, )^* ^" kit, sliat,. Kieh shih ; 
to contract, f^i^ shuk, ,mai. Shuh mai. 

Astricted, bound fast, M 'M M. P^ng s^iat, kwo'. 
Pang shih kwo, ^ ^ ® kit, shat, kwo'. Kieh 
shih kwo ; constricted, ^i^^^ shuk, ^mai kwo'. 
Shuh rjiai kwo. 

Astriction, the act of binding close, |^^ kit, shat,. 
Kieh shili ; contraction, ||giM sliuk ^mai. Shuh 
mai ; constipation, ;^ f^ ^» |S *^^' P"^' P^' ^^^• 
Ta pien pi kieh. 

Astride, wit!i the legs open and across a thing, ^ 
^ ,k'e ,in. K'i jen, ^]^mM y^ '^^ 'kom 
yeung". K'i ma kan yang. 

Astringency, that quality in medicine which causes 
contraction of the soft solids, '^^y^^ 'sz kit, 
shik, 'die. Shi kieh shih che, -^ij^^^ 'sz ^shau 
"lini 'che. Shi shau lien che. 

Astringent medicine i\jC'^ ^ ^ ^shau 'lim ^chi 
yeuk^. Sliau Ken chi yoh, ^ Fa ^ ^ kit, sliik, 
,chi yeuk,. Kieh shih chi yoh, ^^^^:tM 
'sz kit, pat, ^chi yeuk,. Shi kieh pih chi yoh. 

Astrography, description of stars, ^^|^ ^sing suk, 
lun". Sing suh lun ; the science of describing the 

stars, M?^^^ t^i^s ^^K c^^^^ '1^- ^^^S ^"^^ ^'^^^ ^^• 

Astrolatry, the worship of the stars, ^^^^ p^i' 
^sing ^clii sz\ Pai sing chi sz, jj^^ J^ung ^sing. 
Jang sing ; the worsliip of the north star, jjjg ij- 
'lai 'tau. Li tau, ff- J^ p&i^ 'tau. Pai tau. 

Astrologer, ") one who professes to foretell future 

Astrologian, j events by the aspects and situation of 
the stars, ^ Jt <sing sz'. Sing sz, j^ Q 3t.^ chak^ | 
yat^ jSin ^shang. Tseh jih sien sang, ;^^ "^ chak, ' 
^ka. Tseh kia. 

Astrological, pertaining to astrology, ^ >^ ^»J (Sing 
hok, tik,. Sing hioh till, ^^-vfX <^^^S l^ok, kc'. 

Astrology ^^ ^ms; hok,. Sing hioh, MM^ c^^^o 
lii' hok,. Sing k'i hioh, M ^ '^ ^ <^^o M^ ^^^t 
fat,. Sing kia hioh fah, |> M^l^^^ P^k, ,sing 
kat, ,hung ^chi fat,. Puh sing kih hiung chi fah, 
^ M -S JlE (Cbim ^sing .chi li. Chen sing chi li. 

Astronomer, one who is versed in astronomy, ^^ 
^t'in kam'. T'ien kien, ^ ^ lik^ Jca. Lih kiii, 
3^ ^ ^ jt'in ^man ^shang. T'ien wan sang ; im- 
perial astronomer, $X^^ jam ^t'in kd,m'. K'in 
t'ien kien ; a student of the heavens, ^ Jt ^t'in 
sz-. T'ien sz, ^gijj ^t'in^sz. T'ien sz, ^%\% hon' 
^t'in tseung^. K'an t'ien siang, 5||^^'^ c^'^^^o 
^t'in ^man 'che. T'ung t'ien wan che, ^z^MM 
^t'in jUian ^sz fii'. T'ien wan sz fii. 

Astronomical H^^ Jcwan ^t'in ^man. Kwan t'ien 
wan, ^ ^ ^t'in ^man. T'ien wan, ^ ^; ffy ^t'in 
jioan tik^. T'ien wan tih, ^ ^ f^ ^t'in ^man ke', 
^ likj. lih ; astronomical calculations, ^^ po* 



lik,. Pu lih, :}^ ^ ^ch'ui hk,. Ch'ui lih ; astro- 
nomical number or calculations, ^ ||j; lik, sh6'. 
Lih sii, ^^ lik^ fat,. Lih fah, ^f^ tseung- slio'. 
Siang su ; astronomical instruments, ^'^^^ 
,t'in ^man hi' kii'. T'ien wan k'i kii, ^ i^ * ,sun 
^ki. Siuen ki, ^J^ * ^siin ^ki. Siuen ki, Jfj * 
yuk, Jiang. Yuli hang, g '^ ^siin ye'. Siuen ye, 
W%% ^^an^ ^t'in J. Hwan t'ien i. 

Astronomically, by the principles of astronomy, H^^ 
^^ chili' lik, fat,. Chau lih fah, Bg ^ ^ chid' 
^t'in jman. Cliau t'ien wan. 

Astronomy, the science wliicli teaches the know- 
ledge of the celestial bodies &c, ^ ^ ^t'in jman. 
T'ien wan, f§^ lik, fat,. Lib fah. 

Astute, shrewd, |(g 1^ ^ts'ung ,ming. Ts'ung ming ; 
cunning, ||; ^ 'kwai kwat,. Kwei kiueh ; crafty, 
^Jf 'kau Avat,. Kiau hwah. 

Astutely, subtly, I^ ^^ 'hau Jn. K'iau jen. 

Astuteness, shrewdness, ^,^ ^ts'ung ^ming. Ts'ung 
ming. 

Asunder, apart, ^(f^lj Ji pit,. Li pieli, |^p^ Ji kak,. 
Li keb, ^ |[|| ^fan Ji. Fan li ; to take asunder, 
^ ch'ak,. Ch'ih, f/p ^ ch'dk, Jioi. Ch'ih k'ai ; 
to break asunder, :^ \^ 'au 't'tin. Yau twan, ^ 
^ 'du chit,. Yau cheh ; to tear asunder, ^ j^ 
mak, l^n'. Pih Ian. 

Asylum, a sanctuary, or place of refuge, '^^^pjf 
'to ^shan ^chi 'slio. To shin chi so, ^%^^ on 
^shan ^chi ch'ii'. Ngan shin chi ch'ii t ; an or- 
I)han asylum, '|ifii '^^ ^ sut, ^ku ^t'ong. Siuh kii 
fang, ^^^ -yeung ^kii ^t'ong. Ydng kii t'ang ; 
an asylum for old men, y^Sj^ '16 jan un'. Lau 
jin yuen, ^ ^ [5% ku' 16 iin'. Kii lau yuen, ^ 
yit^ 'yeung '16 iin'. Yang lau yuen, ^ ,ts'eung. 
Ts'iang, :^^^^ ^tung ^k'au. T'ung k'iii, :g^i^ 
^ ^ts'ai 16 ,kung kuk^. Ts'i liu kung kiuh, a 
foundling asylum, ^ ^ '^ + yuk, ,ying jt'ong. 
Yuh ying t'cing. 

Asyndeton, a figure which omits the connective §, 
^ j^ ^ ;^ >^ Jdi ,lin tsz' ^chi kii'. Lai lien tsz 
clii kii. 

At :^ tsoi', ^ ^ii. Yu, ^ u. Yii, ^ ^chu. Chii ; 
at home, ^ ^ tsoi" ^ka. Tsai kia ; is he at home? 
''^ M ft Po'^ ^^^^ ^k, noi" jUi 'hai ; yes, he is at 
home, v^^ )^ liai ch'ii' ; at table, or at dinner, ^ 
1^ shik, fan'. Shih fan ; at noon, ]£ ^ ching' 
*ng. Cliing wii ; at the gate, ^ P^ "U tsoi' ^miin 
^ts'in. Tsai mun ts'icn ; at sea, ^v^ tsoi" jeung. 

Tsai yang ; at hand, ^ ^ kan' ^loi. Kin lai, ^ 

_^ * 

* These are a kind of axmillary sphere, said to have been in- 
vented by Yau. See ^^^^^ vol. 14. 

f In China where murderers are exempted from capital punish- 
ment upon their becoming a priest of Budha or a Tauist, the 

expressions, M^'M^^U-I' ov KB^\h >^e equiva- 
lent to refuge, aaylum, and to flee to a refuge. 
I As in China only girls are exposed, thrown or given away, the 
above term cannot properly be applied to estiiblishments of 
infants of mixed sexes. 
§ The sentence; Veni, vidi, vici, ^Nj^j^j [I] came, [I] saw, 
[I] conquered, is an asyndeton. 



AT 



5J5 H. loi. Rh ]ki ; the kingdom of heaven is at 
hand.'^g^^ .t'in kAvok, 'i H. Turn kwoh rh 
i ; at large, ^ ^\}^ ,ts'eung sai'. Ts'iang si ; to be 
at large, ^ ^jf jau tong'. Yu tfing, ;5ft ^ 'i^ 
^ ,lau jli long^ tong^. Liii li Mng tfing ; at pre- 
sent, 1^'^ in' tsoi\ Hien tstli, "^^ ,tong ,kam. ! 
Tdng kin, ^-^ i»^ kam. ilien kin, g "J\ muk^, 
hi'. Muh hid ; at this day, ^ 3 'ts'z yat^. Ts'z I 
jih ; at that time, ^ f!.^ ,tong jshl. Ting shi ; at i 
no time, M B# jrib ^slii. Wii shl ; at last, jj^ ^ 
,shau 'ml. Shau vvi, ^ ^ kau' 'king. Kiii king, 
Z^ ;^ tsut, ,elii. Tsuh chi, ^ ^^ ,chung ^in. \ 
Chung jen, ^ ^^ 'king ,in. King jcn, f ij j^ td' 
^i. Tiu wi, #j J^ t6' 'tai. Till ti, ^ % pat, 
'king. Pih king, j^ ^ ngat^ 'king. Yih (heh) i 
king, ^ ^g ,kwai ^kan. Kvvei kin ; at first, ;^|g ; 
^sin jt'au. Sien t'au, :^. ^ tsoi' ,sin. Tsai sien ; 
at the very fii-st, i^;^ tsui' ,sin. Tsui sien, ;^5g 
;^ B$ 'hi 't'au ^chi [shi. K'i t'au chi shi, ^ ^ , 
'ch'i ,ch'o. Ch'i ts'u, ^ "t |a |5j^ H$ 'hi 'shau ko' 
chan' jShi. K'i shau ko chin shi ; at midnight, 
p|? "^ ^chung ye^ Chung y6, ^^ pun' y6'. Pwin 
ye, ^ ^ 'ng yc'. Wii ye ; at full speed, r^? '{^ 
chi' fii'. Chi kw'ai ; at least, ^ ^y chi' 'shiu. 
Chi shau \ at a stand, ^gj, ^ ^sz ^1. Sz i ; at a loss 
what to do, >j^ ^n -ffif ^ ])at, ,chi ^ho ^wai. Pub 
chi ho wei, Pg- ^^Jfl^y^.v^ ,chi tso' mat, 
V^ 'ho, Pg ^ ^1^ >i ^ ,m ,chi <tim young' tso^ ; 
to be at liberly, || ^ tsz^'chu. Tsz cliii, ^S^ 
t'eng' ,k'i pin'. T'ing k'i pien ; to be at leasure, 
:f^ ^ tak, ^hiin. Teh hien ; to be at it, jTn ^ ^ 
,i ,ki ts6^ Rh kii tso, jE ^ fift «hing' tsoi' tso'. 



(106) ATH 

^^ yk siu' 'ngo. T'i siiu wo ; to play at cards, 
tr m. M 'ti 'chi ,p'ai. Ti chi p'ai ; at one blow 
of the hand, — n]» -^ yat, 'hi 'shau. Yih hia 
shau ; at one blow of the sword, — y} yat, ,t6. 
Yih tiu ; at my command, ^ |f{ -^ 'ngo ch'ut, 
ling*. Wo ch'uh ling, ^^^ ,t'cng 'ngo meng;'. 
T'ing wo ming, ^'^^^^ <t'eng higo 'chu 'sz. 
T'ing wo chu shi, il!§|j^#[:tf .t'eng 'ngo 'chi ^fai. 
T'ing wo chi fei ; barrister-at-law, ^ ^^ chong* 
,sz. Chwang sz ; Doctor-at-law, jH ;^ tsun' sz'. 
Tsin sz ; much sickness at this time, \fj^^^^ 
jii jp'j'ii ching' ,to ; I live at the provincial city, 
1^ i -^"' ^ ft 'ngo tsoi* 'shang ,shing chu*. Wo 
tsai sang ching chu ; at the will of God, '^^ J* 
•^^ ,i lii' Sheung* tai'. 1 lii Shdng ti, .it^±'i- 
t'ok, lii' Sheung' tai'. T'oh Idi Shing ti, ^ftJt 
•^ jts'iin ch6ung* Sheung* tai'. Ts'iuen ching 
Shang tl ; at odds, l^^ ai' ^kau, (^^ niu* ,kiu. 
Ndu kiau, ^^i^i^ ^m to seung ^wo ; at par- 
ting, ^ p ;<: H.1f ko' ,ts'z ^chi ,shi. Kau ts'z chi 
shi ; to take one at his word, P§-/^^ P jm 'chun 
'fin 'hau, Pgf^:^^ ,m 'pi lat, 'shau, ^^^.j^f" 
shi* ])it^ tsin' ^in. Shi pieh tsien yen ; at Peking, 
^.:(tM tsoi* Pak, ,king. Tsai Pehking; at work, 
il#"X^ iWau ts5' ,kung /u ; he arrivexl at this, 
-ftii^iilt y^ chi' 'ts'z. T'i chi ts'z ; at the bottom, 
^ JS tsoi' 'tai. Tsdi ti ; at a cash a piece, ^ — 
-^ ® — ■ ^ 'mui yat, ko' mai* yat^ ^man ; at ease 
f^^^ .siu ;\u. Sidu ydu. 
Ataxia, ~) want of order, gj, liin'. Lwan ; irregulari- 
Ataxy, ) ty in the functions of the body, pg ^ g 



¥)k m to tsz* ,in. 



Ching tsdi tso, jE^ ching' *li. Ching li ; at your Ate ^ ^^ shik^ kwo'. Shih kwo ; see to cat. 



service, |^ f^ f ^ ^ ,ts'ui *ni 'shai fun*. Sui ni 

shi hwan, Ht^j^^4$gfife^ ,t'eng 'ni ^ts'ui pin' 'shai. 

T'ing ni sui pien shi ; not at all, |^ pg- ^t6 ^m. 

Tu wii ; do not at all understand, lijS Pg ^ # 

^t5 ,m 'hiii tak, ; at once, — ■ ^ yat^ ^ts'ai. Yih 

ts'i, If jts'ai. Ts'i ; do it at once, gfj ^J ^ tsik, ' 

hdk, ts6'. Tsih k'eh tso, gn H.If §i tsik, ^shi tso*. 

Tsih shi tso ; at pleasure, \i: ^J^ ^^ yam* 'ngo i*. 1 

Jin wo i ; at the time, ^ nijj= jlam ^shi. Lin shi ; 

ho swooned at the sight, il ^ M'J >^ ^ kin' ,chi 

tsak, shat, jWan. Kien chi tseh shih hwan, |KJ ^ ! 

^ i^ "^ 't'ai kin' jWan ^t6 'mo ; the whole pro- ! 

perty isatstake, ^U^^'^UlU ^o' fii' ,shan .ki | 

pai' shat^, # ^ 15^ ^ .shan .ki 'him teng*. Shin ' 

kid hien ting ; at the same time, — • gj yat, min*. j 

Yih mien ; at peace, ^^ tsz' ^in. Tsz jen, ^^ j 

'h6ung ,on. Iliing ngin, :;|i|3:^]p seung 'ho. Sidng ; 

hiu, ^jfP iP'ing ,\vo. P'inglio ; they are at peace \ 

now, l^^y Hz' 't'o 'liii. Sz t'o liau ; at war, ^ ' 

^ 'td ch6ung*. Td chkng ; at unawares, f,'jj ^ 

'ngau jin. Ngau jen, ^ ,^ tat^ jin. Tub jen ; to i 
.'.1 



Ate, the goddess of mischief, j^jj^ |$ ^bung jShan. 

lliung shin. 
Atempo, or atempo primo, B8 ^ B^ chiii' ^sin ,sbi. 

Chau sien shi. 
Atempo giusto, to sing or play in an equal, true or 

just time, i^^B^^^f^lil^ S '^bim ,shi '6m 

jk'am wdkj ch'dung' jam. 
Atheism, the disbelief of the existence of a God, ^ 

in^ Jl^^^Wl P»^ »^' Vau Sheung* tai' ,cbi 
kiu'. Pull sin yu Shing ti chi kiiu. 
Atheist, one who disbelieves the existence of a God, 
^f^'W Jl'ifi* pat, sun' \vau Shdung' tai'. Pub sin 
vu Shdng ti, iCk*^-±'^ ,sam,m6 Shcf-ung' tai'. Sin 
wvi Shdng ti, T-j;i±',t,'j|^ti# I'at/i Slu^ung* 
tai* jWai 'yau 'cht5. Pub i Shing ti wei yii ch6 ; an 
irreligious jjcrson, i^ HJ ^ ^ ^ t^iit^ ,chu fit, 
kiu* *chd Tsiueh cliii fib kiiu cIk'-, 5J^ ^ ^ ^ 
hi' t«tttj chung' kdu'. K'i tsiueh chung kidu ; an 
impious pei-son, ^ ?§ _h 'i^f ^ sit, tukj Sheung* 
tai"che. Sieh tub Shdng ti ehe, W^Jiij^:tA 
piii' ngiik, Shilling' tai' ^chi jan. 



be at law, ^ ^ li* tsung'. 116 sung, :ffl ^^ ^s6ung Atbeneum, a public irading room for {Miriodicals, 



tsung*. Sidng sung, *^ 



,kiin tsung'. 



Kwin W\'^^P)X .sz jnian kung'sho. Sz wan kung so. 



sung, ^*^}^'t& ,kiin 'fii. Td kwdn fu, 7^ J^ Athenian, j)ertaining to Athens, IJH ;^ ^ Ngitin 

^ ;^ 6' ,86ung t8«5uk, kok,. 11 li siing tsioh koh ; | tik,. Ydtien tih, Si'^l"!^ Ngitin k6\ 

to be laughed at, ^ ^ kin' siiV. Kien sidu, ^ ! Athenian, an, a native of Athens, ^|I(*|C A Ng6 



ATH 



iMMBJIMWha 



(107) 



Ann 



' iiniiii>"'i-riT:iff'iimin"iianr 



tin k6' jan, ^^^\ Ng^tin chl jyan. Yatien 
chl Jin. 

Atherina, Smelt (fish), J^^ ,shoi tsiin'. Slid tswan. 

Athirst, thirsty, p ^ 'hau hot,. K'au k'oh, ^ y^ 
'keng hot . King k'oh, p ^ 'hau ^kon. K'au 
k&n ; athirst after virtue, v@i^;^^ ,^z c^^^ J^^\ 
hot^. Sz yen joli k'oh. 

Athlete, a contender for victory, [**] ^ ^ K tau' 
"yung ^chi ^yan. Tau yung chi jin, p-*) ^ tau' 
-yung. Tau yung, ^j]:^\ king- lik, chi <yan. 
King lih chi jin. 

Athletic, belonging to ^Testling, ^ ^ ^^ kok, lik, 
tik,. Koh lih tih, ^ j/j 1^^ king- lik, tik . King 
lih tih, f^jj9^ tail' lik, ke'; strong, 5|ij± ,k'eung 
chong'. K'iangch\vang,Jji:^chong'kln-. Chwang 
kien, ^ Jjj: ^kin chong'. Kien cliwang, J^ ^ 
hong jk'^img. K'ang k'iang, |^|) ^ ^kong kin^ 
King kien, ?^ j^ ngdng- kin". Ngang kien, ^ 
lik, jk'eung. Lih k'idng, -jf ^|) /ong ,kong. 



8uh, ^^ shai' tsitk^. Shi suh. 

Atmospheric, | pertaining to the atmosphere, p^ 

Atmospherical, ) ^^>J <^t'in hi' tik,. T'ien k'i tih, 
^W^ c^'itt hi' ke' ; atmospheric air, ^@^^ 
^ ^ ^chau jWai ti' ^k'au ^chi hi'. Cliau wei ti 
k'iii chi k'i; atmospheric stones, meteoric stones, 
i^ 5 "wan shekj. Yun shih. 

Atocarpus, jack-fruit, ^ ^^ ,po Jo mat^. Po lo 
raih. 

Atom, a particle of matter so minute as to admit of 
no division, ^'0.'^^ kik, ^mi ^chi mat,. Kih wi 
chi wuh, /J"* ^ g^ t^ ^ ^ 'siii mok, ^nang p'o' 
jChi mat,. Sidu moh nang p'o chi wuh, j^ ;^ ^ 
pj" ^ ^ts'im sik, ^mo 'ho ^fan. Sien sih wii k'o 
fan; a particle of dust, — ■^j^lH yat, 'tim ^ch'an. 
Yih tien ch'in, — ^i \^ ^ yat, nap, ^mi jch'an. 
Y'^ih lih wi ch'in ; fine dust, such as is observed 
floating in the air, ^ i^ ^ch'an oi. Ch'in ngdi ; 
a very small particle, ^ ^ ^sz jh6. Sz hku, '^ 



Athletically, powerfully (made), ^ i^: -^ ^M tI^ ' jmiii. Mei, ^ mat,. Muh. 



,shang tak, 'ho ^k'dung chong'. Sang teh luiu 
k'iang chwdng, :t#^Aff ,sliang tak, 'ho tai^ 
kin-, ^% *T^ A ^ ^shang tak, 'h5 tdi' chck,, ;^ 
(Jjf^ll^^ til' ,shdn '16 'kom yeung'. 

Athwart, across, ^^ ^wdng. Hang (or hung), |^j 
jwl,ng. Ilung (or hang), ^ 'ng. Wi'i; to place 
across, ^J ^ 'ti ^wAng. Ti hung. 

Atilt, in the position of a man making a thrust, :^|J 
'M ^ '^ chdp, shat, 'md po'. Chdh shih ma pii, 
jjIW-^;^ Idp, shat^ k(3uk, po'. Lih shih kioh pu. 

Atlantic, pertaining to the Atlantic Ocean, -^ gg 
y^^ij tdi^ ^Sai ^veung tik . Ta Si v^ng tih, :^ ^ 
yf P|E tai^ ,Sai jeung ke'. 

Atlantic, the, ;^ \J§ y^ tdi' ^Sai ^yeung. Td Si yang; 
Atlantic Ocean, J^^^^i^ Atlantik 'hoi. 

Atlas, a collection of maps in a volume, i-tfaj^^ ti' 
jt'6 ^sliii. Ti t'u shii ; a genci-al chart, ^ ~\\ Q 
^t'in ha- J'5. T'ien hia t'u, ^ "j: ^ ® ,t'in hi' 
jts'iin jt'6. T'ien hia ts'iuen t'u; an atlas of China, 
5^ "j; H g * ,t'in hi^ Ji J'6. T'ien hia yu t'u ; 
an atlas of a countiy or the globe, Mfe^ ^ ti' ^ii 
jt'6. Ti yu t'u ; an historical atlas, _^|B^^ 'sz 
ki' ts'iin ^t'5. Shi ki ts'iuen t'u ; a general histor- 



Atone, to expiate, ^ shuk,. Shuh ; to atone for a 
crime, ^ |^ shiik, tsiii". Shuh tsui, |^ j^ shuk, 
kwo'. Shuh_ kwo, 1^ p 'tai tsui'. Ti'tsui ; to 
make amends, ^{| ^^ 'po kwo'. Pu kwo, ^ 
^ * jp'uijCh'eung. P'ei ch'ang, Bg^;g ^p'tiipat, 
shi". P'ei pull shi ; to reduce to concord, ^ tJsU. 
chl' ,wo. Chi ho ; to atone for a crime bv 
meritorious actions, jf^ j'j ^ fp ^tseung ^kung 
shukj tsui". Tsiang kung shuh tsui ; fines are 
imposed to atone for offences, ^ f^ ^ ?FlJ ,kam 
tsokj shukj jying. Kin tsoh shuh hing ; you have 
nothing wherewith to atone, ^ Pf ^ jnio 'ho 
shuk^. Wii k'o shuh. [* read also ^slidung.] 

Atonement, expiation for sin, ^ |Jh sliuk^ tsui\ 
Shuh tsui, ^ p ^ shuk, tsui' che. Shuh tsui 
cli<^, ^P^^ sJiuk, tsui'- chi sz'. Shuh tsui chi 
sz ; satisfaction made by giving an equivalent for 
an injuiy, ^^^^^ shiik^ tsui' ^chi ki'. Shuh 
tsui chi ki^, (in China) :^ ^X <f^i ,^^^^o- Hwd 
hung ; to make satisfaction in the Chinese man- 
ner, II :^^J: 'po /d .hung. Pii hwa hung, :^> :^ 
^X kw'd' ^fa .hung ; to receive satisfaction, -fi ^ 
il 'leng /a jiung. 



ical atlas, "H @ J^ IH man' kwok, 'sz .t'6. Wan \ Atoner, one who makes atonement for others, j\^ 
kwoh shi t'u ; a satin, |g tiin^ Twdn, ^foCS.^^ I M ^^^' ^^^^K '«h<^- ^'^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ' ^^^ ^'^" atones 



1,^ jts'd .man 'ng ^sz tiin'. Sie wan wu sz twan ; | 

atlas, fine (a term applied to paper), ^ |^ IR | 

silt, p^ik, 'chi. Siueh peh chi. 
Atlas butterfly :^ || ;^ J^ /d Jo tdi' kik 

ti kih. 
Atmosphere, the aeriform fluid surrounding the 

earth, ^^}^WlZM. ti' ck'au ,chau .Avai .chi hi'. 

Ti k'iu chau wei chi k'i, ^^ J'in hi'. T'ien k'i; 

vapour, ^ '^ jan ^wan. Yin yun ; air, ^ hi'. 



for the sin of others, f^ A ^ P toi' jan shuk, 

tsui\ Tai jin shuh tsiii, |St£|l^ P<^ S^ M^S 

'ch6. Pii hwd hung che. 

ITwd lo Atonic, debilitated, |^ ^ Hin yeuk^. Yuen joh, J^ 

I m M yeuk,. Hu joh, mk.M .n^« hiit, hi'. Wu 

liiueh k'i, J^ ^ .shan yeuk,. 
Atoning for sin, ^p shuk, tsui'. Shuh tsui ; mak- 
ing amends, p^g^ ^p'ui ^ch'^ung. P'eich'Ang, ^ 
^fX 'V^ .fd .hung. Pu hwa hung. 



K'i; pei-vading influence or moral atmosphere, ^ Atop, on or at the top, :^ J^ tsoi' 'teng. Tsdi ting, 
^ /ung hi'. Fung k'i, ^ j^ Jung tsuk,. Fung ^\fllB\ tsoi' min^ J'au. Tsdi mien t'au, :^±^ 

— ^ isoi- Kli('nno-' miTi' Tsai shdua- mien. 



• Tbis sentence should only be used by foreigners as a title to a 
map of the whole world; for the Chinese must be practically 
disabused about their notion of the vastness of their empire. 



tsoi- shcung' min'. Tsai shdng mien. 
Atraphaxis ^ Jai. Li. 
Atrabilarious, affected with melancholy, 



'^^^ 



ath 



(iofe) 



Aft 



-"'■"" 



yau^samtik,. Yii sin till, ^P,^ ^sliau mun". Tsau 
mwdn, *^Jg|lEP^ ,ts'im ,ku ^p'6 mun^ Ts'ien ktt 
p'du mwdn, ^Tp ^ M J^ yik, wit, ^m?) Jiu. Yih 
yuh wti lidu. 

Atrip, as an anchor, j^jj^ 'hi kwo'. K'( kwo ; ditto 
as the topsails, ^ }^ g^ ijlf 'ch'6 kwo' ^t'au '11. 
Ch'6 kwo t'au 11. 

Atrocious, horrible, f^fQ, ^ts'An 'yan. TsYm jin, Jg 
^, jlong ok,. Lino; ngoh ; outragious, ^^ jts'in 
hoi-. TsYm hdi, ^^ ^hung hon'. Iliung hdn, ^ 
^. ,hung ok^. Iliung ngoh, f^ /§ ,ts'dn y^uk,. 
TsYin yoh (nioh), |§ ^ huk^ hoi'. K'uh hii, ^ 
^ |^<| p(V y6uk, tik,. Pdu yoh (nioh) tih, jT^ ^ 
,hung p6^ Hiung pAu, ]^^ ^ts'dn p6'. Ts'jin pilu, 
'^f^ ^k'eung J6ung; very atrocious, :^Jj^^Pf'){; 
'h6 ,tsYin hoi' k6'. H.^u ts'An hdi tih. 

Atrociously, in an atrocious manner, ^ ^ ^» 'h6 
jts'in 'yan. Hdu ts'cLn jin. 

Atrocity, enormous wickedness, ^ fQ, jts'an 'yan. 
Ts'dn jin, ^ ^ ,hung ok,. Iliung ngoh, ^ ^ 
,tsYin y^mk,. Ts'sin yoh, Ml^M^Z^ tsui' 
jts'dn hoi' ,chl a?}. Tsui ts'an hai chi sz, ^ 
^^- Zff *^^' <^^""» '^"^^ <^^'^ s^3,ng. Tsui 
hung hun chl hang, ^ ^. ;^ ^ kik, ok, ^chl s/A 
Kih ngoh chi sz. 

Atrophy, a consumption or wasting of the flesh, ^ 
^^ ^kl yuk^ shaia'. Kl yuh sau, p^ ^ ^ jam 
,kon ching'. Yin kin ching, 0^ -^ij ^ yuk^ s^uk, 
ching*. Yuh sioh ching. 

Attach, to, to arrest, ||g||£ pJ)' chuk,. Puh chuh, ^ 
^ p6- jTii. Pu nd ; to lay hold of property by 
writ, ^^j^ S^^S ,k^ 'chYin. Fung kii ch'in ; 
to attach, as to a document, pjji)- fiV. Fii ; to at- 
tach at the end, |?f.| Jf fu" tuI. Fii wi, jfjf ^lin 
'ml. Lien wi, ^J^ tsip, ^mi. Tsieh wi, ^^ tsuk^ 
'mi. Suh wi ; to gain over, ^^ wok^ Joi. Ilwoh 
Idi ; to attach a supplement to a document, /^ft^ 
chim ^ch'du. Nien cliYiu ; to attach people's aflec- 
tions to one, ^-^I^jO ,"'1 kit, ^man ^sam. Ydu 
kieh min sin, )|^ ^-^ ^ jCj> ,shau shap, ^man ,sam. 
Shau shih min sin ; to attach to one's pei-son, ^ 
AWiM. 1'"??^ ja" ckwai fuk^. Ling jin kwei fuh, 
^A^Vl'If'.ljlSJ ti ling' jan ,sam ,kwai heung' 'ki. 
Ling jin sin kwei hiiing ki, -^ X ^ IP '^^' J^^ 
^kwai shun'. Shi jin kwei shun, |,fj ^ t'lp, ^shan. 
T'ieh shin, IS| )^ A jC> ku' kit. ^yan ^sam. Ki'i 
kieh jin sin; to win peoi)le's affections, ^'^^iCl^ 
'mki fuk, jman ,sam. Mki fuh min sin, ^^f A 'jSf 
tak, jan oi'. Teh jin ngdi ; to attach a seal, 

to attiich to a girdl(% ^ p'ui'. P'ei ; to attach im- 
portance to, ■^'§^ ,tun cluing'. Tnn chung, f{ijK 
kwai'chung'. Kwei chung, fftjill slu'ung' chung'. 
Sh{mg chung, ^)^ 't'ai chung'. T'( chung. 

Attache, one attaclicd to the suite of a higlj ofTlccr, 
IJH ^ jts'ui ^iin. Siii yuen, |^^ ^- jts'ui jts'ung 
'che. Sui ts'ung die, ^ |^ ^ ,kan .tsYii Vh6. 
Kin sui ch<^. 

Attached, taktMi by writ, jf-,]- j| 



^fung kwo'. 



Fimg 



kwo ; connected Avith, ^ j^ ^lin ^ii. Lien yu, j^ 
jH ^s^ung jlin. Sidng lien, j^ ^ ,s6ung tsip . 
Sidng tsieh, ^ ^ tsip, chii'. Tsieh chii, gf -^ 
tsukj chii'. Suh chu ; appended, pf.f jl^ fiV kwo'. 
Fu kwo, 1^ J§ :^ kai' Tni kwo'. Ki wi kwo ; to 
be ardently attached to one's kindred, M 1^ ^ 
tuk, ,u jts'an. Tuh y«i ts'in ; mutually attached, 
^ ^ ,seung oi'. Siilng ngii, :ffi^ seung ^ts'an. 
Sidng ts'in, ;^0^ ^scung liin'. Siung liuen, ;f0j^ 
pt ,s6ung ^ts'an it^. Sidng ts'in j(!h, j|| |^ ^ch'i 
^cii'in. Ch'i eh 'en, ^ j^ ,ch'i ^mai. Ch'I mi, jsi 
^ ^wan jUrmi. Wan mi, ^Bl_ ^ sz Hin'. Sz liuen, 
^^ liin' 16'. Liuen Idu ; when brother live to- 
gether in harmony, they feel mutually attached, 
^l^^MM s^'o lok, 'ch'c- ,ii. Holoht.s'i^ jii; fond 
of, Hi' shi'. Shi ; attached as a pai-a.site, %4^ ki' 
^shang. Ki sang; attached to an ofllce, ^ 'shfi. 
Shu ; attached to an embassy, ^ ^ ^ s^**'""? 
jam ,ch'di. Ts'ung k'in ch'ai ; iirmly attached 
as tilings, D^-^^^ ^m tak, lat, ; ditto as one is to 
another, ^^ jk'iin jk'iin. K'iuen k'iuen, ^- ^ 
liin' m(V. Liuen mii ; he attached importance to 
what was said, ^M.{^^]^)Xvk.Z^ .♦"'^ chung' 
[kwo'] 'sho shiit, ^chi sz'. Tun chung [kwo] so 
shwoh chi sz. 

Attaching, taking by writ, ^ Jiuig- F^^ni "in- 
ning the affections, ^^ tak,. Teh, ^ wok,. Ilwoh; 
fastening, ^ ^lin. Lien, ^ {^ ^lin chii'. Lien 
chu; appending, Pj^ fu'. Fil ; attaching import- 
ance to, 1^12 (^^"^ chung'. Tun chung. 

Attachment, a taking by writ, ^ ^ ,f""S ,kd. 
Fung kia; a writ of attachment, ;j»L ^ chat, u'. 
Chdh yu, ^ % /ung ^fiii. Fung t'idu ; atfec 
tion, ^ 'H^ oi' ,ts'ing. Ngdi ts'ing, ^ 'g' Inn' 
oi'. Liuen ngdi, ^ ^ liin' mo', j^iuen mii, 
^ ^ ,ts'an Itj. Ts'in jeh ; to feel atf«H'tion for, 
.S 'i- '.sz oi'. Sz ngai, W. |^ sz mo'. Sz mu, 
^ '\^^ liin' ts'ing. Liuen ts'ing, ^ ^ hai' liin". 
li'i Uuen, 5^ ^ kiin' liin'. KiiieV liuen, ^ '^ 
hdpj oi'. llidh ngdi, ^ "^ kiin' ,wdi. Kiuen 
luvdi, ^j^ hai' nim'. Hi nicn ; great or invinci- 
ble attachment, ^^^^^ k*'"' kiin' i>at, '.she. 
Kiuen kiuen puh slue, "fj^ i^ ^ ^ ,» ,i pfvt, 'sh«^. 
I i puh shi^, %1^^^^, liin' liin' pat, .mong. 
Liuen liuen puh wdng, ^^^%^ 'tsiing ^m 'she 
tak,. Tsung wu shie teh, '^ fjft ^^^f<^ oi' iQn' 
'she pat, tak,. Ngdi liuen shic puh teh, ^ |^ 
ch'i .ch'in. Ch'i ch'en ; attached to each other in 
friend.ship, ^^ 'hin kiin'. K'ien kiuen; attach- 
ed to one as a butterflv is to the flower. A ^ ^^ 

'^^hm^ZWi'^ sy«" s^'^ ii'»' oi',ii ,u tip, ,chf 

liin' ^fd. .lin chi liuen ngdi jii hd tieh chi liuon 
hwd ; some adjunct attached to an instrument 
&c., jg ^ Jill mat,. Lien wuh. ^\ ^ fii' mat,. 
Fu wuh, 1^ ijjj cliiii' mat,. Chiii wuh. BA ^ 4^; 
t'lp, ,chi mat,. T'ieh chi wuh. 
Attack, to. toas.s;uilt, j^ ,kung. Kuiig, ^jj ,kung 
'td. 3^*^* .kung kik . Kung kih, JCJii-fJC kung fKit^. 
Kiin^' Idli^ ^,1^ kik, p'o'. Kill p'o, j^ ;^ .kung 



ATT 



(109) 



Atl? 



pV. Kungp'o; to invade, ^^ ^ts'ain fat,. Ts'in 
fah, ^ i^ sit, fat,. Tsieh fah, B^ ^^ 6m^ fkt,. 
Ngan fah, pilfli A^^ sts'im ^sz ydp, 'king. Ts'ien 
sz jih king, ^^ ^^ tseng' tseng' hii' f^t,. 
Ting tsing k'u fah, ^ ^^ ^ts'am fdn'. Ts'in fdn, 
^-^ ^ts'am Jing. Ts'in ling, :^M fln^ lip^. Fdn 
lieh; to attack one's reputation, u}\^^\ 'fi p'ong' 
jan. Fip'angjin, fi^^A^'^^aip'ong'syan. Wei 
p'ang jin, XJC \ M ^ c^^ng jan ^shing ^meng. 
Kung jin shing ming, ^A^'ft P^^' J^^ s^^eng 
tsit . Pai jin ming tsieli ; to attack on both sides, 
^^ klip, ,kung. Kiah kung, pf^^^j^:^ "leung 
pin k^p, fkung. Lising pien kiah kung; to attack 
with unfriendly words, ^ A. ^^' sJ^^- ^^ i^ 5 
to attack with the fist, ^ ^^ 'shau kak,. Shau 
keh, ^.^^< A '1 '^^^^^^ kik, jan. I shau kih jin, 
J(]^B^ Ha ,k'un ^t'au. Ta k'iuen t'au; to attack 
a city, :g^^ fkung ^shing. Kiing ching; to attack 
as robbers, pj .j^ T)'iu leuk,. P'idu lioh, ^ :^ 
kip, leuk,. Kieh lioh ; to invade or to make a raid, 
^ ;}^ ,ts"'am leuk^. Ts'in lioh ; to rush to the at- 
tack, ^'^ ,ts'am yat,. Ts'in yih ; friends should 
protect and not attack each other, ^ ^ :t9 
^M^^^-M sP'^'i"? 'yau cS«^ung wai- ,1 pat, 
,s6ung ,ts'un. P'ang yi'i siang wei rh puh siang 



"o c 



smn. 



Attack, the assault, :p^ ^ ,kung ^cho. Kung che ; 
to advance to the attack, ^:P^ tsun' ,kung. Tsin 
kung. >:(/-: PS t'^un' kik,. Tsin kih, ^ tT ^ts'in Ha. 
Ts'ien ta^ ^ti 1^ Ik c^^'ut, ,k^ 'fo. Ch'uh kia ho, 
>;g J£ tsun' ^ping. Tsin ping, JlPs^! "sh^ung chan-. 
Shdng chini jig v^ tsun' chin'. Tsin chen ; they I 
made one attack, tf — ■ J^ 'ta yat, .ch'^ung. Td I 
yih ch'ang, ||^— 'IeJ chin' yat, ^ui. Chen yih hwui, j 
'^ — ^ 'til yat, chan^ Ta yih chin ; he made an ' 
attack upon his character, u#^{tll '^'^ P'o^g' ^'^■ 
Pi p'ang t'a ; they rushed to the attack, — '^tn 
:iP§^ yat, jts'ai ^ts'in kung. Yih ts'i ts'ien kung ; a 
great attack, A "i^ — # *^i" ^^'^^^ 1^'^-, jch'eung. 
Ta chen yih ch'ang ; a feigned attack, f^ ;^ :tT 
jeung ^wai 'iL Y^ng wei ta, tlx ."^ jH jfe 'ka i' 
tsun' ^kung. Kid I tsin kung 



Attacked, to be. 



pi- jkung. Pi kung, ^^T W 



ta. Pi td, ^^ pi^ kik.. Pi kih ; attacked, ]^ii 
,kung kwo'. Kvmg kwo, tT>^ ta kwo'. Td kwo ; 
he attacked me, tB^Jt*^^ 'k'u ,kung kwo' 'ngo. 
K'ix kung kwo wo ; I was attacked, ^^J^ "ngo 
pi' ,kung. Wo pi kung. 

Attacking, assaulting, j^ ^J <kung %A. Kung ta ; 
Wf^ W '^^ P'oi^S'- ^1 p'ang ; whilst attacking the 
city, ^MZWi ckung sS^^ing ,chi ^kdn. Kung 
ching chi kien ; he belongs to the attacking party, 
nm^lfTZ K 'k'ii shuk, ,sin 't6. ^chi jan. K'ii 
shuh sien t/i chi jin. 

Attain, to, ^«:tak,.'Teh, %^\ tak, 'tb. Teh tdu, ^ 
wok,. Hwoh, ^'^j wok, 'to. Ilwoh tan, ^^ tsun'. 
Tsin, 2i k'ap^. Kih, ^ ^ k'ap^ chi'. Kih chi, 
1^^ 'tai chi'. Ti chi ; to attain one's end, ^f B 
§ tak^ 'ki i'. Teh ki i, f|/^»Ji tak, .ii iin^ Teh 



ji iin'. Teh ju yuen, f^^Jj/f IH ^^k, sui' 'sho un^ 
Teh sui so yuen ; to attain to perfection, as a pro- 
fession, ^ ^Ij ^ hok, th' shuk^. Hioh tau shuh ; 
to attain to superiority, ^ shing'. Shing ; he lias 
attained to greater perfection than myself, fg ^ 
^ ^ 'k'ii jeng kwo' 'ngo. K'ii ying kwo wo ; 
we can scarcely expect to attain to the perfection 
of a native in any foreign language, ^ % ^ ^ 
M^^:t.KZM' '"go 'tang'kong /an wa', pat, 
k'ap, 't'o jan ^chi ^ts'ing. Wo tang kiang fan hwji, 
puh kih t'li jin chi ts'ing ; able to attain one's 
object, g|^ Bi^ .nang tak, 'ki i'. jS^ang teh ki 
i ; to attain literary rank, ^i^ /ang 'pong. Tang 
pdng ; to attain to the degree of bachelor of arts, 
A ^ y^P) liokj. Jib hioh, j^^ j^ tsun' /s'enng. 
Tsin ts'iang, '^ ^ yjf tsun' sau' /s'oi. Tsin siu 
ts'di, '^^'^ tsun' ^hung ,kung. Tsin hung kung, 
^ y^ ^^ jau p'un' 'shui. Yu pw'Sn shwui ; do. 
of master of arts, pf? 1^: chnng' 'kii. Chung 
ku, ^ ^ ctang /o. Tang ko, f^ ^ ^ <P'^" 
/in kwai'. P'an ttin kw(M, 4^ ^ # <^'bit^ k\va.i' 
^h^ung. Cheh kwoi hi^ng, fj] ^ «' ^ clVo pu' 
/s'ing^wan. Ts'upii ts'ing yun, WJ^'^'^i^ ,eh'<) 
/ang jWan /'ai. Ts'ii tang yun t'i ; to attain to 
the first degree of master of arts, pj:| ^^( j^ cluing' 
kai* jiin. Chung kiai yuen ; ditto to the degree of 
doctor of laws, Pfl jJH jt t^bung' tsun' sz'. Chung 
tsin sz; to attain to the first degree of doctor of 
laws, fp'^jt <?bung' ui' ^iin. Chung hwui yuen ; 
ditto of member of the Imperial Institute, ^ ^ 

W ^ P^' M'^s .^^^a" !»'• i'''i t^ng J^^ 1"' ^i §■ 

Hl^ 'tim lion' jlam. Tien hdn Iin ; to attain the 
highest degi-ee,' i^ ^ ^ r?| < nk, chim' ,ng6 /'an. 
Tub chen ngiu t'au, p|l J]j^ jq chung' cliong' 
/in. Chung chwang yuen ; unable to attain your 
desired end, r|i;:f;^\| chung' pat^ tak,. Chung puh 
teh ; to attain to by study, '^'fjW]^^^ hok, / tak, 
^chi. Hioh rh teh chi, (^ |f ff iff ^ jau tuk, 
^shii tak, /oi. Yii tub shii teh lai. 

Attainable pj^f 'bo tak,. K'o teh, "5^ f||gj 'ho tak, 
'tb. K'o teh tau, of ^^ f^j: 'bo ^nang tak,. K'o 
nang teh, pj'y\ fl Hio yap, tak,. K'o jih teh, p]" 
f^ ^^ 'ho chung' talv,. K'o chung teh, pf ^ 'ho 
k'ap,. K'o kill. 

Attained to, ^^: jj^ tak, kwo'. Teh kwo, A i^ yap, 
kwo'. Jih kwo, ^ ^ chung' kwo'. Chung kwo, 
^ ^ k'apj kM'o'. Kih kwo ; having attained to 
perfection, ^^ Jf^l^ k'ap^ ,k'i ,shing ,kung. 
Kih k'l ching kung ; Satisfied, joyful from hav- 

chi' hi' 



ing attained 



^ngong jUgong. 



M M ^ : 

Chi k'i nffSing ngang. 



one's wishes, 



Attaining :ff tak,. Teh, '^ k'ap^. Kih, A y^Pj- Ji^^ 
Fjl chung'. Chung ; on attaining to the degree of 
master of arts, Cp J^: ;^ B$ chung' 'kii ^chi jShi. 
Chung kii chi shi. 

Attainment f| ^ tak, 'die. Teh che, ^- ^ hok, 
'cbe. Hioh die; attainment by study, '^'rftf^^^ 
hok^ / jChI ^chi. Hioh rh chi chi ; atiainmcMit of 
knowledge by persevering exertion, ^ jfij ^\l ^ 



ATT 



(110) 



ATT 



pun* jlian<^. 



Pwan liang, -^ f}? tsiV piin'. Tso 
pwdn, •^ ^j- ts(V tiii'. Tso tiii ; to mind, j^ iCi.v 
yung' ,8am. Yimg sin, ^ ;\;i> ^cliiin ^sam. Cliuon 
sin, @;C> -jau ,sam. Liu sin, @^^ ,lau i'. Liu i, 
yi. ii^ ciiii' ,sam. Chu sin ; to be pi-esent, on the 
spot, :^ tsoi^ Tsdi. (Tg Ig 'hai cii'ii', f|j Pg- t6' 
lok . Tau loh, ^Ijj to' Miu. Tdu liau ; to attend 
the sick, M S ^ A 1"1<, sz^ peng' ,yan. Fuh sz 



■^ — ^ 1 ■ — • 

kvv'an' j( ^chl ,chl. K'iun rh chi chl ; great at- ' kwo\ Shi tso kwo. 

tainments, j^^ pok, hok^. Poh hioh, fi)j^^$l Attempter, one who attempts, iJ^fTf:^ shi' 'hd'ch^. 

'sho hokj tsoi' 'ngo. So hioh tsdi wo, ^^^ ^ Shi hid ch6. 

^ ^yau hokj lik, 'sho chi'. Yii hioh lih so chi. Attempting, trying, ^ shi'. Shi, ^li\\ shf 'hd. 
Attaint, to, to taint, ^'/^ ^im ^u. Yen wd, '^1^ ,u Attend, to, to accompany, p^ ^ ^p'ui jhang. P'ei 

yuk^. Wii yuh, /?f '^ ,d ^ui. Wu mei, J^ j^ hang, f^j^ ^p'ui pdn\' Fei pwdn, ^^fe shi^ .p'di. 

tim' yukj. 'IMcn yuh; to find guilty, |||p ^i tsdi'. Shi p'oi, [^ ^ ^fung ^hang. T'ung liang, ^ ^ 

T tsui. 
Attaint, a stain, pj^ ,u yuk^. Wu yuh, J^^ tim' 

yuk^. Tien yuh ; anything injurious, ^ ,^ wdi' 

niat^. Ilwdi wuh ; a wound on the legs or feet of 

a horse, .% }i. ^ '^ 'mfi tsuk, chi ^sheung. Md 

tsuh chi shdng; a writ which lies after judgement I 

against a juiy for giving a false vei-dict in any i 

court of record, -^ ^ ^ ko' hnong tun'. Kdu 

wdng twdn, f)p ^Jf j)'in tiin'. P'ion twdn. 
Attainted, stained, J,!} '^fj ^^ tim' ^u kwo'. Tien wd 

kwo, 'fi^J^'^i} ,ii yvikj tik^. Wu juh tih. 
Attainture, a staining, 'ffj^ u y^^- Wu juh ; im- 
putation, tS"^ nip, ko'. Nieh kdu. 
Attar of Hoses ;^|^t(:vd] J^^^^^ kwai' fd jau. Mei 

kwei hwd yd. 
Attemper, to, to modify by the mixture of cold wa- 

t'M', ;j^ ^ ^k'au tung'. K'ii tung; ditto by the 

admit*si(jn of cold, j^iMl -t'^^^ng ^fung. T'ung fung; 

to mingle in just pi-oportion, ^J 5^1 ^t'iu ^^o. 

T'idu ho, II ^ ,t'iu ^wan. T'idu yun, 5^ ^ wo' 

jWan. IIo yun, :j^ ^ k'au ^wan. K'ii yun, ^^^ 

g^ ,k'au tak, ngum, :f^ ^ ^ ^k'au tak, ^wan. K'u 

teh yun, ^ ^^ f. .ts'dm tsdp^ sink, ,i. Ts'dn 

tsdh shih i. 
Attempt, to, to try, ^ shi'. Sli'i, ^ \^^ shi' 'hd, ^ 
shi' hon'. Shi k'dn ; to attempt to do, ^ 



shi' tsb'. Shi tso. 



shi jWai. Shi wei ; to at- 1 .your efforts, ^|tj 



ping jiu ; to attend to business, ^ ^ Mi sz'. Li 
sz, ^ ^ pan' s/A Pan sz, J|2}- Jjg ^ lid' '11 sz'. 
Lidu 11 sz, tr JJ 'ta ni. Ti 11, if ^^ p4n' ni sz', 
.^^ k6n' sz'. Kdn sz, ff^ M^S sz'- Hang sz, 
if ^ tsok, sz'. Tsoh sz, Jg ^ ^wai sz'. Wei sz ; 
to stir up one to attend to business, ^ ^ ^ ^ 
kwai' kwai' ^ts'ung sz'. Kwei kwei ts'ung sz ; not 
to attend to business, ^ ^ ^ pat, sz' sz'. Puh 
sz sz, fiffijS^^^ ^mo 'sho sz' sz'. Wd so sz sz ; to 
attend one as a servant, ^^ ^ ^ fuk^ sz' jan. 
Fuh sz jin, ^^ fimg' sz'. Fung sz, ^ ^ lung^ 
jShing. Fung ching, 'f^J ^ tsz" hau'. Tsz hau ; to 
attend to one's own affairs ^^^ 'shau 'pdn ip^. 
Shau pun nieb. ^^-fi> 'shau 'pun fanS l^ij^y^ 
kd' ^kan 'pun. Kd kin pun, ^ ^ ^ n\b' 'pun 
ipj. Wu pun nieb, ^y^ m6' 'pdn. Wu pdn ; my 
wishes shall attend you, ;Cj.">'|^,'(^f^ ^sam jShcung 
kdi %i. Sin chdng kiai ni ; niav success attend 

mong^ tak, ,& un'. Wdnjj 



tempt all means, f^^'^^ shi' kok, ,fong fat, 
Shi koh fdng fdh, /H^li-ifr^ y""g^ l<ok, y6un^ 
,fong fat,. Yung koh ydng fdng fdh ; to attempt 
upon his life, §^ fj; fg shf shat, 'k'ii. Shi shdh 
k'ii; to endeavour, {jt} ^ cb'ut, lik,. Cli'uh lih, 
%^, 'min liii'. Mien 11, ^f ;fj Man lik^. Fan lih, 
^j] 'mm lik,. Mien lib, ^^fj hiu lik,. Nd lih ; 
to attem])t to rob one, ^3^>f»^ s'*'^"" ^^P> P^^ 
sui'. Hang kieb pub sui ; to venture, ^ j^ *kwo 
'kom. Ko Vim, ^ |^ 'kom ^wai. Kdn wei. 

Attempt, an, an eH'ort to gjiin a point, ^ — ^ shi' 
yat, Mid. Sill yib bid, f^ — '^ shi' yat, sbi'. Shi 
yih shi; no attempt at (lis|)ly, iBr; \i^ V&, M. i™^ 
mat, king' 1' ; a i-asb attempt, |^ fj 'blm jhang. 
Jlien bang; they ninde no attempt, tt^lP§-^|5 'k'ii 
,m yuk,, Id p?i tj|) $/j '•<'<■' s'» y»l<, tung'; they 
failed in tlieir attempt at stealing, fj^ Pfi" '^ c^'^" 
,m't(). T'au {X- 1 pub tdu, ffjljPp.liJI; ,t'au ,m jSliing. 
T'au [^.1 pub clung. ^ )^ * /S J"^»? ^^K "^'«' 
jShing. llaiig sieb \vi cliing; they I'aib'd in their 
attempt upon bis life, |3'|1J'j'^J shdt, ,m 't.6, f^j^j 
^aJ^ jbang ts'z' pat, sui'. Hang ts'z pub sui, g^ 
©'^T*:^ (Uiau sbdt, pat, 'kwo. Man shdh pub ko. 

Attempted, tried, ^ % shi' kwo'. Sbi kwo, ^ g^ 
jg shi' 't'ai kwo'. Sbi t'i kwo, ^ ^ Jl shi' ts6' i 



teh jd yuen ; envy attends prosperity, f^A^^ 
^tsang jVan I'd' kwai'. Tsang jin I'd kwei ; to attend 
to more than one affair, j^ 3^ ^kim Mi. Kien 11, 
;^{g! ship, '11. Sbeh 11 ; to attend to the word of 
God, '^tS^^^^M jlau^sam ^t'engshing' t6'. Liu 
sin tMng shing tdu, '^i^^^^. ,lau ^sam tukj 
shing' ,king. iJu sin tub siiing king ; to attend 
at church, -J- f^ f^. ^ ^ ^ bu' 'iai pdi' ^t'ong 
,t'eng ^shii. K'ii 11 pi'ii t'dng t'ing shu ; to attend 
diligently to on's office, ^$. ^ g B "^ IhIc '^^^ 
'shall tsz' 'ki k»'' cbik,. Kin shau tsz kl tih chih ; 
to attend upon a gui.'st, p^ ^ ^p'ui sbik,. P'ei 
shih, p^ ^ jp'di hiik,. V\n k'eh ; to attend a 
funeral, j^l^sung'^song. Sungsdng, ij|^ sung' 
tsong'. Sung tsdng, ij|j^ sung' Mim. Sung lien, 
5^^ sung' pan'. Sung pin ; to be within call, jj; 
-ft kan' chii'. kin chu ; to attend upon one ano- 
ther, A ^ fli #J- t'^i' t'hung' fuk, sz'. Td cliung 
fuh sz ; to att<Mid upon God. |^ J"/!"}!* ptU* Shdung' 
tai'. Pdi Shdng ti ; to attend at school, ^^ tiik, 
,shi\. Tub shu^; to listen, -j^:^^ ,k'ing '1 .t'eng. 
k'ing rh t'ing; to regard with attention, ^jfiCft^ 
jiau sam ^t'eiig. Lid sin t'ing; to attend to tiie 
duties of the people, ^|5>^^ ni«^' v»n'»" .''^1 1'. 
Wu min chi i. 



ATT 



(111) 



ATT 



Attendance, a waiting on, ^^^ fuk, sz', ^^ ^m^ i Attention, care, /\^i^ 'isiu ^sani. Siiiii sin, ^tlfj^ sai' 
Bz'. Fung SZ-, the persons attending, '\^^^ shf i ^sam. Si sin, ^j\^> tsoi" ^sam. Tsai sin, '^i^ Jau 



hau^ 'die. Shi hau die, 'f^ ^ ^ 'shai fun' 'che 
Shi hvvan che, '^^ A '*^^^'" ^'^"^^ iT'^^^- S^^i hwan 
jin; a large attendance, A^l^^p- <y^^ s^^'ai 
jlai .t'eng shii. Jin ts'i Mi t'ing shi'i, ^^ |fe§ 
^kAv'an tsii" ^t'eng shii. K'iun tsii t'ing shii, |j^^ 
chung' tsapj. Chung tsih ; to have a servant in 
attendance, ^ yJ^ ^5^ :^0 ^ "vau 'siii 'tsz ^seung 
^ts'ui. Yii siau tsz siang sui, '^ ^|p '^^ 'yau shi' 
'tsai; a regular attendance at school, ^^>j^Hi]F 
^Wi^ hokj ^shang pat, ^shi ^ts'ai ^fan hok^ ; he 
died for \vant of attendance, 1;^ ^ ^ |^ %'/. ^mo 
'sho ^kwai. Sz wii so kwei, ^f^fiff X^M '^'^ ^^^"^ 
jah jan '11. Sz hiau wu jin 11 ; attention, ■^ v^^^ 
jlau ^sam. Liu sin; audience at Coiu-t, ^^ miir 
tsau'. Mien tsau. 
Attendant, accompanying, {^ ^ kan "mi. Kin wl, 

^W. <^^" s^*^'^^- ^^^ ^"^' ^^ M^ ,ts'ung. Kin 
ts'ung, i^ ^ ^cliui jts'ui. Chui sui, ^ ^ ^ts'iii 
"'mi. Sui wi ; connected Avith, j^ Jin. Lien, j^j 
t'ung. T'ung. 
Attendant, one who helongs to a train, Jfg ^ kan 
^pan. Kin pan, Jg ^ kan yik,. Kin \ah, ^ ^ 
je jmiin. Ye niun, ;|]3§^ tsung-'che. Tsung che, 
^ 1^- ^ch'eung Js'ui. Ch'ang sui, >'J^f/^ 'siii kai'. 
Siau kiai, ^]^ ^ -^ 'siii ^hai ^no. Siau hi nii ; a 
waiting hoy, ^^ff shi' 'tsai; one who waits upon 
another, ^^:^ A ^^ik^ sz' ^yan. Euh sz jin, ^ R^ 
A 'shai fiin' ^yan. Shiliwanjin, ^f^j^A ^'^^^ 
shf ^chi jan. Kin shi chi jin ; master attendant, 
^^ ^clii SZ". Chi sz ; official attendant, ^^ li" 
jiin. Li yuen, ^j ^ ^nga yik,. Ya yih ; chief dit- 
to, 1^ g If muk,. Li muh ; attendants to H. I. 
M. on horseback, -^ ^ '^ '(^ san' k'e' ^sheung 
shf. San k'i chang shi ; attendants on H. I. M., j 
'i^M i.^ ^' <ts'in 'tso yau". Yii ts'ien tso yu, 
eA. ^ hop^ 'tsz. Hoh tsz, ^ ^ pat, u'. Pah hii ; | 
attendants (general term), ^ ^ chap, sz'. Chili 
sz, j^ 7^ 'tso yau-. Tso yu, ^^:tK 's^^ai fun' , 
_dii jan. Shi liwan chi jin, fp] "(^ ^ A ^^z" hau" | 
,chi jan. Tsz hau chi jin, -^ A she' .yan. Sliie i 
jin ; the four classes of attendants on li. I. M. ! 
are: "^U ^ts'in j. Ts'ien i, those in his inimedi- \ 
ate presence; ^^ hau^ jShing. Hau ching, those I 
who follow him ; ;^ ff 'tso fif. Tso fii, his left 
or principal attendants; i^ 5S5 y^^* P^^^- Yu pih, 
the secondary do. 

Attended, accompanied, ^^^ ^p'ui kwo'. P'ei kwo; 
having attendants, ^ S^ A T^" ^^^^ cJ^^- Yu 
kin jin, ^^/^ "y^u tsung* 'che. Yii tsung die, 
^^% "yau kan' ^shan. Yu kin shin, ^ j^i^ 
\ -yau 'tso yau- jan, Yti tso yii jin, '^ j^g jj 
-yau ^kan ^pdn. Yii kin pdn ; served, :^^^^A. 
-yau fuk, sz' jan. Yii fuh sz jin, -^ ^^ ^ 'yau 
shf 'tsai. 

Attending, going with, ^ff jP'ui ^hang. P'ei hang, 
1^ ^ jt'ung jhang. T'ung hang ; being present, 
^ tsof. Ts^, Pj|j^ 'hai ch'ii'. 



sam. Liu sin, B^ ti;^ ^chiin ^sam. Chmm sin, yi 
j^ chil' ^sam. Chii shi, j^j^ '(^ hiit. sing'. Hiueh 
sing, f4J^ 'kan sllau^ Kin shin, )^;\;i"> y«ng" ,sam. 
Yung sin, ij^ j^ jjjlp 'ho yung' ^shan. llau yung 
shin ; to pay attention to "VAhat is said, ^ i\^ ^- 
Jau ^sam <t'eng. Liii sin t'ing, ^^Ci'litJ .^'liu'i 
^sam ^t'eng wa'. Cliuen sin t'ing Inva, ^jd^ltHl 
,lau ^sam kf 'kan. Liii sin ki kin ; to pay atten- 
tion to a person, Hfif^ A .yau 'laitof jan. Yii 
li tai jin, ^ ijil :t'|3 # .yau "'lai ,scung toi'. Yu li 
siang tai, J^i(/fii^# 'i 'lai ,on toi'. I li ngan tdi, 
^f^ ,t'eug wa'. T'ing hwa ; to study with great 
attention, ^§^ ,k'an hok^. K'in hioli, ;/j ^ lik, 
hok,. Lih hioh, §)}^MmW s^^'^n 'han tuk^ ^shii! 
K'in k'an tub shii, ilj^jij^ <k'an lik, tuk, 'shii. 
K'in lih tuli shii, ||i^;^.^ ^cliiin mo"' ^wai liok^. 
Chuen wii wei hioh ; he pay's no attention to 
"hat is said, fgpg^f J 'k'ii ^m ^t'eng wa', fg^tj- 
^M]k. '^'^ '^^^ cW^i^ sP'i- K'ii li''^u hwan p'i, (lS.|* 
^ ^m ^t'eng kau'. Pub t'ing kiau ; he pay's no 
attention to his work, Pg-jfjlj^tSfX^ ,m yung' 
,sam tso' ,kung ^fu. Pub yung sin tso kung fii, M 
^Ci'^^* J"<^ ^sam tso^ -ye. Wii sin tso [^ ||g] tung 
si, f^ij-ltf Pg J:jC> tso' Ve 'bo ,m ^slieung ^sam ; 
divided attention, j\j>P§-^ ^sam ^m tsoi% jd^!^:^ 
^sam pat, tsoi'. Sin pub tsai, M J\^^ ^ ^mo ^sani 
,kon. AVii sin kan, i\^ ^^ ^sam 'san, j\^^ g^ sam 
Kin'. Sin Iwan, j\^N^^p0 ^sam sz' ^ii ^ma. Sin sz 
jii ma, ,^^ pS. ^n 9j^^ ^ |& sam ,m ^cbi hai ^pin 
cli'u' ; to attract attention, 3^ g ;^^ kik, muk, 
^chi sz'. Kib muli chi sz, g^ A jCa* S timg' jan 
^sam muk,. Tung jin sin muh ; to turn one's at- 
tention to other duties, ^ ^ 'koi ip,. Kai nidi, 
^P^ chiin' jmiin. Chuen mun ; to pay attention 
to the poor, Ig^ft^HA kii' chii^ ^p'an ^k'ung 
jan. Kii chii p'in k'ung jin, HS,^^^^^ cbiii' 
leu' ^p'an fat, 'die. Cb^u kii p'in fab die ; pay at- 
tention to him, g -(^ jg kii' chii' 'k'u. Kii cbii 
k'ii, il^ig ^ "fg seung' 'kan 'k'ti ; to dii-ect attain- 

tionto, ;^:irr,t'aicSZ- '■•-"i sz. 
Attentive, heedful, yjNjj^\ 'siii ^sam. Siau sin, ^]^ ;^^^ 
sai' ,sam. Si sin, ^ ^;|H 'tsz sai'. Tsz si, jfl )i^ 
yung' ,sam. Yung sin, ^ i'(^ ,lau ^sam. Liii sin, 
:j£;\j^ tsoi' _sam. Tsai sin, ^;\j> ,cbiin ^sam. Chuen 
«in, |^y^> du' dif. Chi chi, •;±;§ cliii' i'. Chii i, 
^ ,^ Jau i'. Liii i, H ^ 'kan"shan'. Kin shin, 
^ ^ king' shan'. King shin, ^ gg king' 'kan. 
King kin, 1^]^ ^yan ,k'an. Yin k'in, >^^ k'ok, 
,kung. K'oh kung, ^ g shan' chun^. Shin 
chung, |§ ^ 'kan k'ok,. Ivin k'ioh, ^ ^chiin. 
Chuen, -^ ^chiin. Chuen, ^ "^ jk'ii jk'ii. K'ii 
k'ii, ^ ,king. King, mM^ chin' cbin'^king 
^king. Chen cben king king, 5^ ^ || || king 
^king ip^ ip^. King king nieb nidi, >J^ ^i;;^ g ^ 
'siu ^aam yik, yik^. Sidu sin yih yih ; an attentive 
ear, '^ ii^ ^ .lau ,sam ^t'eng. Liii sin t'ing ; to 
be attentive to business, SI '^ #■ ^ 'kan shan' 



ATT (112) ATT 

diins, f^ i'lEli <«"!<, <:liinfj' kii'. Tsoh chin? kii, 
iS^P {ft- ^•'^" ''^" <•<»"«• Tso k'au kung ; aHirni- 
ing in support of, jjT ^ ^ lap, ^p'ang kii'. Lili 
p'ang kii. 
Attestor, one wlio attests, ^ A. t'lii'ig' Jan. Chin"; 
.j'"» i^ P^ ^ tHi)\ cliing' 'cJie. Tsoh diing clii^, 
i^M^fi tso^ chin-' ka' che. Tsoh cliiru,' ku 
che, ^ M^$^ tso^ kin' ching' 'chc. Tsoh kien 
ching ehe, f^ p (H:^ tso" 'liau kung 'die. Tsoh 
k'au kung elie. 
'kan slian\ Kin shin, '£^ p)^ huk, ^In. lliuli jen ; Attic, pertaining to Attica, ^;i >tij //fl * Mfe Pf5t Af ika 



tsb' 8Z'. Kin shin (so sz, ^^tfl- king' u sz'. 
King yil sz, ^ii^^k^ ^m ,sam Uh' sz'. Liii sin 
tso sz ; to 1)(! attentive; to one's (^)n<luet, i^^j^ 
^^ y^ung* 8z^ 'kim 'tim. Yang sz kien tien, ^ 
^ 1^ ^ yeung^ sz' 'kini (^li'iik,. Yang sz kien 
ch'uh ; he attentive at school, |^ |^ 1^ # jan 
jk'an tuk ^sliii. Yin k'in tuh shi'i; he attentive to 
your duty,' ^ |^ i^ ^ jan ,k'an pan' sz'. Yin 
k'in pan sz, 
Attentiv(!ly, carefully, ^UJiCi' sai' ,sam. Si sin, |g^ 



diii' i'. Chu i, 



>ir> 



with fixcul att(!ntion, f^ 
^chiin ^sani. Chuen sin. 

Att<!nliveness, attention, /\\ ii^ siu ^sani. Sidu sin, 
■^i\j> jhiu ^sam. Liii sin. 

Attenuant, making thin, as fluids, flHlif,;^ 'shai ^hi 
'ch6. Shi hi die, fi^, P^ 'shai Jii ke', ||||P|t 
'ching jhi ke'. 

Attcmuate, to make less consistent, 'fHi |i(^ ^ 'shai 
hi ti; I wish it more diluted, ]^^^^>f iu' ,hi ^ti, 
'^ )^ I'l^ iu' tAm' ^ti, ^ jfj ify iu' ^ts'ing ,ti ; to 
pulverize, ff^j^ ^ngan mut,. Yen moh, ^j^^ 
5J^ jUgan Ian' jWai miit^. Yen Ian w(n moh. 

Atteriuiited, made thin, as fluids, -(^ i^ i^, [^»J 'shai 
kwo' ,hi ,ti ; attenuatixl with grief, '^ $\\ ^ jau 
t6' shau'. Yd tau sau, ^ §5 ,"i '^vixi. Ngai wei ; 
comminuted, ^ ^ M^'^^S **^i'- Tseng si, ^ ^ 
yau' sai'. Yii si, f^ ^gj^ ^tseng ^mi. Tsing wi, §f 
A^ tIc i^n^'^^ ^^'0* railtj. Yen kwo moh ; growing 
slender toward the extremity, ^ a^ ^1^ i^liang 
kwo' tsim. Sang kwo tsicn. 

Attenuation, the act of making thin, as fluids, -j^ 
Jl^ ^ 'shai Jii 'ch6. Shi hi die, ^'/^^ 'shai 
tdm' 'die. Shi tdn ch6; making fine, as solid sub- 
stiinc(!s, ^^:^ s^Saii nult^ 'die. Yen moh ch6 ; 
the act of making lean, '^5/'^ 'shai shau'. Shi 
sau; do. of growing slender, ^^^ ^shang ^tsim 
'ch6. Sang tsicn die ; do. of making slender, ■j^ 
^^- 'shai tsim 'die. Shi tsien di(5. 

Attenition, the fomiing of land hy the wearing of 
tlie sea, 3fJ[ '}i]^ ^ tsik, ^slia ^t'j'in. Tsih slid t'An, 
^r&^-i^ Isik, "^shing Mion tV. Tsili diing lian ti. 

Attest, to testify, l)(!ar witness, |g ching'. Ching, ■^ 
^*iE ts6' ching'. Tso ching, f^ fit tsok, ching'. 
Tsoh ching, f^0lE|^ tsok, ching' ki'i'. Tsoh ching 
!*''» i'^ M flE l^"k> 1^1"' ching'. Tsoh kien ching, 
ft Sf fit tsok^ sliatj ching'. Tsoh shili ching, fi£ 
I^ diing' 'ting. Ching ting, ^ '^ Tjf| H ^t'ong 
jt'ong 'ting shat^. 

Attestation, testimony, fiEU^ ching' kii'. Ching kii, 
llfHiE '^I's^^j ching'. Shih ching, ^'^ ching* 'ch6. 
Ching die, P (}1: 'hau ,kung. K'au kung, |g ^ 
ching' kin'. Ching kien, ^ |g ^kon ching'. K^ 
ching. 
Attested, proved hy testimony, -^ |^ {^ 'yau shat, 
kii'. Yu shih kii, "6:^1^1^11 lap^ kwcT ching' kii'. 
Lih kwo ching kii, lj|'l.!j;jliri tingsliatj kwo'. Ting 
shih kwo. 
Attttsting, witnessing to, f^ U tsok, ching*. Tsoh 



ti' kc', ^mij^l^ Atika tik,. Atika tih, '^fpM 
^^ Ngdtin ,shing tik,. Yatien ching tih. 
Attical, pertaining to Athens, J^^i^'j Xgiiliii lik . 
Yatien tih, SiftPfJE Ngatin k6' ; classical, Ifljfj 



.king tik. 



King tih, 



^(j chi"mi tik,. Chi 



mci tih. 

Attire, to dress, ^^ cheuk^ ^1. Clioli i, ^^ ch'iin 
,i. Ch'uen i, ^ ^ ^ chcuk, ,i jsheung. Choh i 
cluing, ^ 5?c ^ cheuk, ^i fuk^. Choh i fuh ; to 
adorn, Jj^ ^ ^cliong shik,. Chwang shih, % \^ 
^chong pdn'. Chwang \)in, ^ |j| ^chong ching. 
Chwdng ching, P^ Jj^- im' ^chong. Yen chwang, 
f^fflj ,sau shik,, Siii shih. 

Attire, dress, ^^ ,i fuk^. t fuh, :^ ^ ,i ^shcung. 
f cliang, ^^|f^ fuk^ shik . Fuh shih. 

AtUrcd, dressed, ^ i^ :^ M c'heuk, kwo' ,i fuk,. 
Choh kwo i fuh, ^ jjIS -i?c ^ chcuk, kwo' ^i 
jSheung. Choh kwo i ching ; decked with orna- 
ments, ^^|i^\|^ ^chong shik^ kwo'. Chwing shih 
kwo. 

Attitude, the posture or position of a person, ^ -^ 



young* 



'tsz. YAng tsz, 



^mo yeung'. Mii 



ying, ^ ^ ,ying tseung'. Uiug siang, ^ ^ 
^kw'ai jUio. Kw'ei mu, j^ ^ J^"?? jX^i"??- Hi"? 
yung, ^ %\i .kw'ai 'kii. Kw'ei kii, ^ J|^ ,ying 
chong'. King chwang ; a kneeling attitude, ^Jj^ 
UK ^ kwai^ ch'ii' 'kbui ycung'. Kwei cli'ii kAn 
yang ; in an erect attitude, -^l^'S^^ 'k'i di'ii' 
'kom ydung^. K'i ch'ii kan yiing, ^» ^ — ^ ,ii 
*k'i yat, shik,. Yu k'i yih shih ; a firm attitude, jj^ 
5|| 'ting ngiing'. Ting ngsmg ; to i)rescrve a firm 
attitude, >r^ f^i .<: ^ pat, kii' ,dii miu'. Puh kii 
dii mau, XB-Zi^ <•'*>' '^^'" <fl'^ "'='^"'- 'i''i tjin 
chimin, ^f^t^ )''*flS "^^"' s^^'*' P'^^ '^"'- ^a" wei 
pull kii. 

Attollent, elevator muscle, )gg^<:^ shuk, 'hi ,dii 
ki. Shuh k'i dii ki. 

Attorney, an agent or factor, f^;8>f :^ toi' pan' 'ch6. 
Tili pin chcC i^M'M *o'' '" 't:he, Tai li ditS igt 
U^ t'ai' psln' 'die. T'i j.an r]x6, ^^^ 'kiin 
sz' 'die. Kwan sz eh«5, f^^?^P|?t toi' pin' sz' ke', 
#^^fKl t'ai' 'li sz' tik,. T'i li sz tih ; one who 
is legally qualified to act for another in courts of 
•""■. i^Wi^ ^ ^^ ^ toi' P^n' tsung* sz' 'dit^. Tiii 
pan sung sz die, j{j^ fjjp chong* ,8Z. Chwing ss ; 
ditto in Chinese coiu-ts, ^jjj ^ ,sz ,y6. Sz y<S, S( 



ATT 



(113) 



ATT 



SE. 



-f-'^i} 's6 .ch'ing 'tsz tik,. Sie ch'ing tsz tih, f^ 



Tai sliii chwang 



^ toi^ ^sliii chong^ 'cli6 
che, ^,^j^^ shin' chong- "^che. Shen chwang che, 
^liJt^iljl^ 'se chong- ,sz j6. Si6 dwang sz ye ; 
attorney- general, an officer appointed to manage 
business for the state or public, ^^^jcjSiU <wong 
^kd chong- jSZ. Hwang kii chwang sz, ^•o^Jjjv'^ig 
^yam meng' chong' ^sz. K'in ming chwang sz, ^ 
{tJc^ill t^^' chong^ ^sz. Ta chwAng sz ; power of at- 
torney, j^i^ :tM toi' 'H cClii >'un. Tai li chi 
k'iuen, J^^+L^ t'ai^ -11 chat, u'. T'i li chah yii. 

Attorneyship, the office of an attorney, f^^^m 
toi- ^11 ^clii chik,. Tai li chi chih. 

Attorning, acknowledging a new' lord, i^ ^ fj/f i 
jing ,ts'ung ^san "^chii. Ying ts'ung sin chu, Jg 
Wi-^yi. <1^ ^ying fukj ,san 'chii ^chi sz\ Ying 
fuh sin chu chi sz. 

Attract, to, as magnet, :^ ship,. Sheh; ditto as other 
matter, ^ ^ ^hln hbp^. K'ien hoh, ^| ^ *yan 
^rndi. Yin mai, ^j ^ 'yan hop^. Yin hoh, ^ ig 
jhin ^mki. K'ien mai, >j^ ij]: ^ ^seung 'ch'e ^mai. 
Si^ng ch'6 mai, ^ i^ ^kwai ^mdi. Kwei mki ; to 
attract one's eyes, ^ g kik, muk^. Kill muh; to 
attract universal attention, i^ ^J K '^ ^ ,p'iii 
tung^ jan ^sam miik,. P'ien tung jin sin muh ; to 
attract all hearts, ^^:^ K'^ tak, kok^ ,yan ^sam. 
Teh koh jin sin, :^ :|4f ^ j\j> sham^ tak, chung' 
jSam. Shin teh chung sin, ^fli^f§ (n] chung' ,sam 
,kwai h^ung'. Chung sin kwei hiang ; he attracts 
the eyes of all the world, ||^^7^A^9 tung^ 
,t'in hd^ ^yan ^i muk^. Tung t'ien hia jin rh muh ; 
to allure, ^I ^ -yan ^au. Yin yii, f^ ^:j- ^\ 'pi 

'y6 >n, '(^ ^ "![• 41 A 'pi s^'^^ .*'a^ Van jan. 
Pi t'ien t'au yin jin ; ditto by words, ^ s- ^| ^ 
jt'im ^in ^yan jan. T'ien yen yin jin ; to entice 
by beauty, ip^ jShin un\ Shen yuen ; to attract 
by breath, Pg^^| k'ap, *yan< Kih yin, j^j ^ -yan 
hi'. Yin k'i. 

Attractable, that may be attracted pf J^ 'ho ship,. 

. K'o sheh, "pj' ^j :^ 'ho -yan ^mdi. K'o yin mdi, 
^ff -A. iiin tak, hop,. K'ien teh hoh, ^\^M 
H^ Van tak, ^ai k^'. ' 

Attracted, di-a\^-n toward, as by magnet, ^ ^ ship, 
kwo\ Sheh kwo ; ditto as by other matter, ^ ^ 
^^ ,hln hop, kwo'. K'ien hoh kwo, ^\MM. Van 
^mai kwo'. Yin mdi kwo, ^^jj^ ^kwai ^mai kwo'. 
Kwei mdi kwo ; drawn toward, as men's hearts, 
^^>^ A^Cl' tak, kwo' ^yan ,sam. Teh kwo jin sin ; 
it attracted my eyes, ?^ ^ fi^ @ kik, kwo' 'ngo 
mukj. Kill kwo wo muh ; it attracted universal at- 
tention, ^:^Aj\j>@ tung- kwo' jan ^sam muk,. 
Tung kwo jin sin muh ; attracted by beauty, ^ 
^Wi '^ ^kiu Tui tung" ^ts'ing. Kiau mei tung 
ts'ing, ig M 3^ g im'- lai' tilt, muk,. Yen 11 toh 
mull, jrH'^iilg^f #^i^ kom',kiuW pat, tak, 
pat, 't'ai. Kan kiau yen puh teh puh t'i ; allured, 
^1 ^ aM Tan 7au kwo'. Yin yu kwo, 4\W}i^ 
^an tung- kwo'. Yin tung kwo. 

Attracting, as magnet, ^ ship,. Sheh 5 ditto as other 



matter, ^ ^ ^hin hop^. K'ien hoh, i^I i^ *yan 
^mai. Yin mai ; ditto as something unusual, ^ 
g kik, muk^. Kih muh, ||{| g tung^ muk,. Tung 
muh ; alluring, 4|^ T^an "yau. Yin yii. 
Attraction, the force or law which draws bodies to- 
wards each other, ^ -^ ;^ Ji ,hln hbp^ ^chl "li. 
K'ien hoh chi H, ^ ^ ^ fi ,hin hop, ,chi lik^. 
K'ien hoh chi Hh, ^MZ.:f] .l^in ^mai ,chi lik,. 
K'ien mdi chi lih; elective attraction, ^i^^^ 
jlin ^mdi ^chl '11. Lien mai chi 11, j^^M^^ 
^chlm jmai ,chl li. Nien mai chi II, i^^^i^:^^ 
mat fii- ^mai ^chi "11. Wuh fu mai chi II, ^j^ 
;^ ^ ^ch'I .mai ^chl 'li. Ch'I mai chi II ; allure- 
ment, 4||j|:^ Van Van 'che. Yin yu ch6, ^\ ^ 
^ Van tung* 'che. Yin tung ch6 ; a woman of 



great attraction. 



;^ A c^'^ '^^ t^hl Jan. 



Kiau mei chi jin, f.^^ :t A c^n ^kiu ,chl jan. 
Yau kiau chi jin, ^ ^ <^ :^ ,iu ,tsz ^chl hiii. 
Ydu tsz chi nil ; a person of great attraction, ^ 



m-^ 



-mi ,1 ^, 



yung che. Mei I yung che. 



# ^ A '"^i s^ iJ^^S cChi Jan. Mei I yung chi 
jin; mutual attraction, as men, j^^^ .s6ung ^t'au. 
Siting t'au, i^ % ,sdung tak,. Siang teh, ;i|i| ^ 
,seung liin\ Siang liuen. 

Attractive, as matter, ^^^i^ ^hin h6p^ tik,. K'ien 
hoh tih, 41 ^ [j<j \yan hop^ tik,. Y"in hoh tih ; 
ditto as a woman, ^ ^ jshin iin^ Shen yuen ; 
ditto as a chUd, j^ '^ ,tseng ^ling. Tsing ling ; 
attractive eyes, ^ g 'ml muk^. Mei muh, f^fj^ 
'ts'iii 'ngan. Ts'iau yen, ;^I]^< fung^ ^ngan. Pung 
yen, ^ ^.f f^ H^ 'h6 tiii' 'ts'iii 'ngan. Hau tui 
ts'idu yen ; attractive to the eyes, ^ g P^Jf tiitj 
mukj ke', ^ g |^^ kik, mukj tik,. Kih muh tih, 
^ i^ &^ 'li6 't'ai tik,. Hau t'i tih, ^- 1^ p|^ 'h6 
't'ai ke'. 

Attractiveness, of matter, ^^^^ ^hln hop^ ^chl 
sz^ K'ien hoh chi sz, 4 1 ^M # Van ^mai 'che. Yin 
mai ch6, ^^\^^ ^hln Van ,chl sz\ K'ien yin 
chi sz ; having the power of engaging, as a wo- 
man, ^^^ ^kiu W 'che. Kiau mei ch^, ^^ 
^ ^iu ,kiu 'che. Y&u kiau ch^, ^ ^ ^ ^ .iu 
tsz chi sz'. Yau tsz chi sz ; ditto of persons in 
general, ^M.^^ "ml ^1 jung 'che. Mei 1 yung 
ch6; allurement, ^\ ^ '^_ ^l Van Vau ,chl sz\ 
Yin yu chi sz, ^I ^ Hpjt :^ Van tung' k6' sz'; 
engaging to the mind, |^ \ii^U ^ ^ung^ jan 
^sam muk, 'che. Tung jin sin muh che, 4! Hi A 
fi^^ Van tung- jan ,sam 'ch^. Yin tung jin sin 
ch6. 

Attributable, that may be ascribed, Pf ^ |^ 'ho 
^kwai ,ii. K'o kAvei yii, 'pf^fl 'ho .kwai 'u. K'o 
icwei yu, Pfj^^ 'bo "1 ^wai. K'o 1 wei, pfpf |^ 
'ho 'wai ,u. K'o wei yu. 

Attribute, to point to as a cause, J^ ;j^ *i jWai. I 
wei, ^ ^ ,kwai ,ii. Kwei yii, ^^ M .kwai 'u. 
Kwei yu, i^f^, 'kil hai'. Kii hi, ^-f^ tong' hai*. 
Tang hi, ^-f^ siin' hai'. Swan hi, ff 1^ 'wai ,ii. 
Wei yii, ^^ 'wai ^chl. Wei chi; to attribute to 
laziness, ^f ;^ '||^ f^ ,kwai ^ii 'Ian to'. Kwei yu 



ATT 



,(114) 



A i: D 



Ian to, ]^^m\nZlik '-'^ s«ai Man to' ,du ku'. II 
wei Idn to dii kii, |i],tr1fjl?ffA^ jan toi' to' ,i 'hi. ' 
Yin t^i to rli k'l; to atlrii)utc to bad management, 
fA'Prt^'Otr^ ''<" i"^ sai' ,sam 'ta Mi. Kii wii 

[puh] si sin ik li, ^'^zx-'^>^UM y^y^ 

chi pat jlau ^sam pdn' Mi. T'a wei chi puh liu sin 
pan li; to attribute tt) the conflagration, '^^j^ 
^Zhk toig' l»ai' 'fo <1»»1<, ,clii kii'. Tdng hi ho 
chuh chi kii ; to attribute to instability of charac- 

puh kien sin ; to attribute to one's self, ^ f^ 2* 
^ tong' hai' 'ki tsb'. Ts'ing hi ki tso, MA^\±^ 
yan' tsok, *ki tso'. Jin tsoli ki tso. 
Attribute, the, that wliicli is considered as belong- 
ing to or inherent in, ^ ^ ^ tsoi' ^\i 'chc. Tsdi 



Auction, by notes, ^^^tt ^^K cP'" j*'*^ ^^ • ^^ 
piiu t'au ho, Up ^ ^ ^m' ,piu ^t'au. Ngdn pidu 
t'au, If} :^ tS ^''''"t, -Pi" jt'au. Ch'uh pidu t'au, 
Wi tit .P''^ jt'au. IMi'iu t'au ; a public sale of pro- 
perty to the highest bidder, ^ W ^t'au fo'. T'au 
j'o> fe ^ ^ ,t'au yd' Mang. p^ ^ Ji^ him' y6' 
Mang, Jl^ ^ p'^K nis'ii"- l''t'h mai, JfJ :^ ch'ut, 
^t'au. Ch'uh t'au, ^ :f5 imi"o jt'au. Ming t'au, 
}t^M% Ju hot^ ^ho mdi'. Ydu hob ho mai, Jf" 
^ ,tsang mai'. Tsang mki ; to sell by auction, 
IH ^ ch'utj ,t'au. Ch'uli t'au ; oitlcred to he sold 
by auction, ^1^^^ fu"8^ .k'l" 'tun mai'. Fung 
kwdn tun mai, "ffj TjV |i} ^ Ming shi' ch'ut, m4i'. 
Ling shi ch'uh m^ii ; auction room, ^ '^ |f ye' 
Mang 'kun. 



hii die, Jg ^i ^ .kii ^11 'che. Ku hu ch6, jg ^ iSuctioneer :^ ^ ye' Mang. Y6 lang, !^ ^^ it ^ 

shukj ,11. Shuh yii : pp '^ 'pan sing'. Pin sing, 'cheung jt'au fo' 'die. Chang t'au ho die, yj :^ 

tipli 'P^" <'^'^<^>- l'""^ ''^'i^^' *I4M ^i"S' *'^''A- Sing '^:^ ch'ut, ^t'au fo' 'ch6. Ch'uh t'au ho ch6, \W 

»'hih;reputJition, t%-^ ^sliing^meng. Shingming; tS^ eh'ut, ,t'au 'ch6. Ch'uh t'au ch6, [Ij ^ "^ 

the atti-ibutes of God, ±.^fZ.^ri'W Sheung' tai' di'ut, ^t'au kc'. 

^chi 'pan sing'. Sliiing ti chi pin sing ; a distin- Audacious, very daring, ^ i^ 'kwo 'kom. Ko t»m, 



guishingniark, ^^ ho'. Hau; an adjective, ^^ 
shai' ts/i'. Shi tsz ; the attribute good may be ap- 
plied to him, •ftlL Pf j<U >j^ ^ ,t'a 'ho M ^wai shin', 
# ^"PTlfili^S. «l'i"' 'cl'e 'Jio ,kwai ,n ,t'a.' 

Attributed, ascribed, ]^'^ M jWai. I M'ei, ^^ 'wai 
jii. AVci yii; every body attributed it to the storm, 
KK\>X'^m^Z^ J'"i ..van M ,wai kii! /ung 
^chi kii'. Jin jin i wei kii fung chi kii. 

Attributing j^ ;^ M jWai. 1 wei, ^^ ^ ^kwai ,ii. 
Kwei yii, f^ ^ Svai ,il. Wei yu, ]^ -ff. 'ku hai'. 
Kii hi. 

Attribution, the quality ascribed, %\]1j^Z^ ,kwai 
,ii ,chi 8z'. Kwei yii chi sz, ^:;^^>\^^^i^ ^in tsoi' 
jii sing' tik,. Yeii tsdi hii sing tih, ; commenda- 
tion, ^^Z^ ^^^i"' '"1^ c^''^ sz^ Tsan mei chi sz. 

Attributive, pertaining to an attribute, ^ ^j^ |5p'|?t 
shuk, ^ii 'pan sing'. Shuh yii pin sing ; a wonl 
significant of an attribute, ^ ^ shai' tsz'. Shi 
tsz. 

Attrite, worn by rubbing or friction, ^^ jiuo lair. 
Mo Ian. 

Attrition *, abrasion, |^-^ jno hii'. Mo k'ii, |Sij§ 
,mo wdi'. Mo hwai, jj"* ^ ,\\w liin'. l\ro Ian ; the 



^ 1^ 'tiim 'k6m. Tdn kdn, ^ ^ "yun^ 'k6m. 
Yung kan, ^ ^ 'tarn tai'. Tan td, f^ ^ 'kom 
'tam. Kan tan, j^ ■ff 'kom tsok . Kan tsoh, |^ 
^ 'kom jWai. Kan wei ; impudent, ^"^^ Z \ 
jnh 'ch'i ^chi jan. Wii ch'i chi jin, pg ^ H P^ 
^m sliik, 'ch'au ke'. 

Audaciouslv, in an im))udent manner, fiff I|i» ^ ^ 
^mo 'di'i\dii hang'. Wii di'i dii han?, — $^ ^ 
m. # yat, .P'o Idn' 'k6m ydung', j^ ^ ^{j 'kom 
'tam tik,. Kan tan till, ^^EtlJ!^ p'lin' 'sz 'k6m 
ycung'. Pw'an sz kdn yang ; to act very auda- 
douly, -^^M^i^ p'lin'* 'tdm shiit, ts'dk^.* Pw'dn 
tan shah ts'ih. 

A udaciousness, see Audacity . 

Audacity, boldness, ^fi f^ 'tani 'kom. Tan kan, Jl^ 
I f^ 'kom tsok,. Kail tsoh, i^ ^ 'kom ^wai. Kan 
' wei, ^-n^^ P'A"' 'sz hii' U6\ P&lg^plj -i- 
^m kii'meng' kom' hii', ^ )}B. rt*^ ^y^^ '^^"^ shik,. 
Yii tan shiii ; impudence, ^ \iS ^ ^nxb m(n' 
^p'i. AVii mien p'i, ^ J^ fli> ,ni6 ,sau 'ch'i. Wii 
siii ch'i. 

Audible, perceivable by the ear, |^^^ <t'*^ng tak, 
kin'. T'ingtehkien,'g^f?j^ t'eng tak, 'to. T'ing 



lowest degree of ivpeiitaiice, '|^iip|^4l fiii' tsiii' t(>h tdu, (i|| ^^ |2. i'"''" ^''^^, '^''^'- ^^ '"^ *^'l» ^i*^"* 

tsz' ,pi. llwui tsiii tsz pi, "j^^ ^ Z ^. <''»' t^ui' r41f.j#] s'''^'" ^'^^K '<•'• ^^'"^ ^^^^ 1*^"- 

,chi kik^. ilwui tsiii chi kih, Hh ^ 'Ifi ^ shapj Audience, reception to an interview witli a sovereign, 



,fan ban' ts'o'. Sliili fan ban ts'o, ■^^f.Zf^ "!"' 

tsiii' ^chi sliam'. AVei tsiii chi .shin. 
Attune, to tunc, iji^^ i^ ^ ^ kau' 'cliun ,in sok,. 

Kidu chun liieii soli, ^ ?H^ ^ "^ jfiii ,wo .sliing 

,yam. T'idu ho sliiiig yin. 
Attuned 1^ 'i$. jl^ )^>^"^ kdu' '<-lmn kwo' ,in sok,. 

Kidu chun kwo hien sob, ,^)iiV^^l^ ,t'iii ^wo 

kwo' (Sliing ,yaiii. T'idu ho kwo shing yin. 
Auburn 58" ^ ^ ,^''>" ,kon shik,. Chii kan sih, ^ 

^ 'cli6 siiik,. Ciie sih, ^^ hot, sliik,. lloh sih. 

* ^i^Mmnrnzm- 



j^ ^ ,di'iii kin'. Ch'du kien, p ^ ts'dm kin'. 
Ts iiii kien, f^ f^ pai' kin'. Pdi kien, |3^ ^ pai' 
kin'. Pi kien, ^^ ^ch'iii .ts'dm. Ch'au tsYui, A 
illi y'»Pi l<an'. Jib kin, |g >£ it, kin'. Ych kien ; 
to have an audience of the emperor, 3^ -^ kan' 
^kwong. Kin kwdiig, jgf ^. iniii' shing'. !Mien 

'^'»«"f.N SS m it. «>'i"K'- Ydi'shing, ^)i%^ 
jCiriii kin' ,t'in 'tsz. Ch'du kien t'ien tsz ; to have 
an audience of a king, ^ ^ kin' jWong. Kien 
wdng, i^ ([ kan- kwan. Kin kiun, ^' miii' 
kwiui. Mien kiun ; to nujuest an audience with 
a superior, 'f^i)^ 'pan kin'. Pin kien, Sf|^ 'ts'eng 



i\]Jj 



(ii;g) 



AtJG 



-iaf 



It,. Ts'ing yeh, 3Jc ^ s^'au kin'. K'iii kien ; to 
have a private audience, j^ M* ^ ^ in' kin' ^sz 
chdk,. Yen kien sz tseh, ^^ ,sz tik,. Sz tih ; an 
assembly of hearers, ^ ^ ^ A t'^ii" t'eng' ^chi 
jan. Tsii t'ing chi jin, ^ |^ ^ tsvi' t'eng' 'che, 
Tsii t'ing che. 

Audience-hall ^ ^ tin' jt'ong. Tien fang, ^ ^ 
kam jliin. Kin Iwan, ^ |'^ ,kani tin'. Kin tien, 
'|§^ ^ch'iu ,t'ing. Ch'iUi t'ing, -f-^IS;^^^ ui^ 
^kw'an ,shan ^chi 'sho. llwiu k'iiin cliin elii so, 
Ml^ shf ,ch'iu. Shi ch'au. 

Audit, to, to examine an account or accounts, ^ 



Vat, nap,. Yih lih ; for aught I know, B?,^^^ 
chili' Tigo 'sho kin'. Chau wo so kien; never does 
aught, ^J^J^ ,fi 'sho ^wai. Fi so wei. 
Augment, to enlarge, -^ ^ ^ch'eung ^chi. Ch'dng 
chi, ^ ^ chi' ^ch'6ung. "Chi ch'ang, ;^ ;^ tdi'- 
^chi. Ta chi, jj; :^ chi' tai'. Chi ta, Jljfl ;^ kd 
tai". Kia ta, j}]\ 

add to, Jjjp j^ J<ji ^t'im. Kia t'ien, 
vik,. Tsang yih, ^ ^ ^tsang ^t'im. Tsang t'ien, 
j^ ^ ^t'im ^to. T'ien to ; to increase, jfjp ^ ^ka 
^tsang. Kia tsang; to multiply, Jfjfl ^ ,ka 'p'ui. 
Kia p'ei, '^ JQ" 'p'ui tsang. P'ei tsang. 



Kia ch'ang ; to 
tsang 



^. IN: @ fi^'^ i^^ sho' muk,. Ch'a yen su muh, j Augmcntable PfJIniff 'ho ,kd tak,. K'o kia teh, ^ 
^.f^ g hom' im- sho' muk,. K'sln yen su muh, I %ff 'ho tsang tak,. K'o Isang teh, Pfj^fl 'ho 
H hat, ini' sho' muk,. Heh ven svi muh, t'im tak . K'o t'ien teh. 
Iwlt-'M 'k^^^ ^^^' ^^^"' niukj. Kien yen su muh. Augmentation, the act of making larger. 



fi^'SFlMB k'ai ,ch'd sho' muk. K'i ch'a sii muli, 
;^^||i;g jP'un jCh'a sho' muk,. Pw'i'm ch'A su 
muh. 

Audit office Wi^'Wi^^^^ 1'""^' "1^' sl^^' ^^^K 
jUga jmun. K'an yen sii muh ya mun, J^^i Hc fnl 
P^ im" sho' jnga ,mun. Yen sii ya mun. 

Auditor, a hearer, ^ ^ t'eng' 'che. T'ing che, ^ 
^^ t'eng' to' *ch^. T'ing tau che ; a person ap- 
])ointed and authorized to examine an account or 
accounts, ^ Hi; ^ 1^ im" sb^' c^bi ^kiin. Yen sii 
chi kwan, ;^|||^g^ 'kim inr slio' muk, 'ch6. 
Kien yen su muh che, WMM^^A h()m' im' 
sho' muk, ^chi ^yan. K'an yen sii muli chi jin ; 
Auditor-General, ^ @ |||! ^ sho' muk, 'tsung 
im'. Su muh tsung yen, |^. ^-^ |^, '^ im' sho' 
'tsung ,kun. Yen sii tsung kwan. 

Auditorship, the office of an auditor, ^.J^i^JlMJc; i"^' 
sho' chi chik . Yen su chi cliib. 

Auditory, pertaining to the sense of bearing, ^ ^ 
fl^ simk^ ^t'eng ke', ^ ^ j^J sluik, ^t'eng tik . 
Shuh t'ing till, ^ii^i ^t'eng ke', ^^>eng tik . 
T'ing tih; auditory nei*ves, JSf^ "i ,kan. lib kin, 
^ Wi t'eng' ^kan. T'ing kin ; auditory fommen, 
J^^ 'i 'hung, lib k'ung, ^f^ 'i ^lung. lib lung, 
Jf P^ "i jmun. lib mun, ^^ 'kw'an. Kw'an. 

Auditory, an audience, |^ ^ :^ tsii^ t'eng' 'che. 
Tsii t'ing che, #^^ ui" t'eng' 'cb6. Hmii t'ing 
ch6; a place where discourses arc delivered, ^^ 
^ 'kong ^shii ^t'ong. Kiang slid t'dng, ^ § J^ 
'kong ^shli jfong. Kiang shu fang. 

Auditi'ess, a female bearer, ^ ^ :^ 'uii t'eng' 'ch6. 
Nii t'ing che. 

Auf, see Fool. 

Auger ^.tsiin'. Tswan, 4,^^ ^ ^ ,\q ^sz tsiin'. Lo 
sz tswan. 

Auget, a tube filled with powder, used in exploding 
mines, ^^^'^o yduk, jt'ung. llo yoli t'ung, 

^^ ^I '*" y^^'^) '.yai- Ho yob yin. | 

Aught, any thing, ^ ^ iuf 4^/j pat, luir ^bo mat,. I 

Pub lun lio wuh, Pg-ffJa-iii^ ,m hnr mat, ye, X^ , 

f^^JSiK© P^*> 1""' '^'^i'"^i <n^o ctuiig c^ai. Pub | August, grand, 
lun tsang mo tung si ; any part, — j^ yat, tik,. j 
Yih tih ; a jot, > — ^ yat^ *tim. Yili tien, — ^i j 



chi' jCb'eung ^chi sz'. 



Chi ch'ang chi sz, ^ 
AZ^ «^hi' tdi- ^chi sz'. Chi ta chi sz, ^^^ 
chi' ^cb'eung 'che. Chi ch'ang clu^, ^A^ chi' 
tai' 'che. Chi td che ; the act of increasing, jj\]^ 
^kd tsang. Kid tsang, JJWJ^ kd ^t'im. Kik t'ien ; 
the thing added, J«/f 1^ ;^ 4^ "sho ^t'im chi mat,. 
So t'ien chi wuh. 

Augmentative, having the power or quality of aug- 
menting, j[;B^fj[>J ,kii ,t'im tik,. Kid t'ien tih, % 
^^ij ^tsang yik, tik,. Tsang yih tih, JJW^P^ ,ka 
^tsang ke'. 

Augmentcr, be who augments, ^^^^ clii' tai' 'ch6. 
Chi td che, f^^^ elii' ,cb'eung 'che. Chi ch'dng 
clie, i^^^ 'pijCb'6ung'cb6. Pi ch'dng che, jjfj 
^^ ^kd ^tsang'che. Kid tsang ch6, 1}W^^1^ ,kd 
^t'im 'che. Kid t'ien che, ^ ^, ^ ,tsang ^t'im 
'che. Tsang t'ien did. 

Augmenting, increasing, JJW^ ,kd ^tsang. Kid tsang; 
enlarging, ^ ;^ chi' tdi'. Chi td, f^ -^ chi' 
jCb'eung. Chi ch'ang. 

Augur, to fortell future events by the flight of birds, 
t#.%^ h^^ ,J^^ 'niu Jit pule, ^bung kat,. Yii 
nidu fi pub hiung kib ; to conjecture by signs and 
omens, %^|SSSr?ij ilj *12<J bon' cbiii' ^t'au j jCbim 
kat, bung. K'dn chau t'au rh chen kib hiung, ^ 
^b. ^ -^ ^kun chill' ^cb'ai sz'. Kwdn chau cb'di 
sz ; to prognosticate, |^^|» ,chlm kwd'. Ciien kwd, 
^ "op siin' meng-. Swdn ming, |> ^\\ puk, kwd'. 
Pub kwd, ^ ^ ^cb'di sz'. Ch'di sz ; it augurs 
well, f^^^M. h*") chili- ,t'au. lldu chau t'au, ^ 
^}^ kat, chill'. Kib chdu ; it portends evil, p§- f^ 
^IS SM J^ hii chid' ^t'au. Wii hdu chdu t'au, ()<j 
^^ Jiung cbili^ lliung chdu, P§- ^ ^ H ^tn 'ho 
shai' ,t'du. Wu [:^ pub] hdu shi t'au. 

Augured, conjectured by omens, j> '^ puk, kwo'. 
Pub kwo, ^j^ ^chim kwo'. Chen kwo 

Aiigurer, an augur, |> ^j> ^ puk, kwd' 'che. Pub 
kwd cb^, ^ ^1^^^ ^chim kwd' ^sln shang. Chen 
kwd sien sang, ^.%J\^ h#^' <kun 'niu ,fi puk, 
kwd' 'cb(^. Kwan nidu fi pull kwa che. 

tong^ tong'. Tdng tdng ; inspii'ing reverence and 



ATTG 



(116) 



AtJS 



lin lin, ^^WA tong' tong' lit, lit^. Ting ting 
lieh lieh ; august emperor, ^ J- jWong sh6ung*. 
Hwdng shdng, ^ ^ shing' 'chii. Shing chii ; 
august empress, ^ J^ j^ong hau'. Hwdng hau, 
^ ^ jn6ung jii^ung. N6ang n^ang ; august em- 
press muther, ^~)g^ j'^'ong t'di' hau*. Hwfeng 
t'di huu ; august heaven, ^ ^ jWong ,t'ln. 
Hwang t'ien ; august honorable ladies, ^ ^ 
jWong ,fl. Hwdng fi ; august sovereign, ^ '^ 
jWong tai'. Hwdng tl. 

August, the eigth month of the year, ^ A ^ S^"^ 
p6t, ut^. F6n pfth yueh. 

Augustana, Augustan confession, EJ ^ ^^ ^ IE 
^ -f^ ^ j^ Yat i man kwok, ching' kdu' sun' 
jt'iu ,king. Jih rh mdn kwoh ching kidu sin t'idu 
king. 

Augustness, grandeur, ^ ^ ,wai ,fung. Wei fung. 

Aunt, paternal, ^ -E^: c'^^ ^^^- ^^ ^^^ M ^ c^^ 
jndung. Kii n6ang, ^ ^!| ^ku ^d. Kii md ; the 
elder and eldest sister of the father, ;^ ^ -^ tdi^ 
^kii 'mb. Td kii mu, - ^ -^ f ^ku ^6. Eh kii 
mii; the one next to the latter, HjtS'^ <sdm ^kii 
^6. San kil mii; the eldest of the father's younger 
sisters, ^ ^ ,kii 'tsz. Ku tsz ; the one next to 
the latter, ~ ^ ^ i^ ,ku 'tsz. Rh kii tsz ; ma- 
ternal aunt, elder, ^j| ^ ,i *m6. I mii, ^ ^ tdi' 
ji. Ta I; younger ditto, ^J^g. ^i 'ts6. I tsi6, /j^ij| 
'siii ji. Sidu i ; general term for aunt, ^ ji^ ji 
*md. I ml, ^J ^ ji ^n^ung. I neang, ^ ij| a' ^i. 
A i; mother's fost er sisters, ^^^J| jt'ong ^i. T'dng 
i ; father's elder brother's wife, (Q ^ pdk, ^mh. 
Peh mii ; a father's younger brother's wife, -^^ 
shuk, *m6. Shuh mii, »}{t ^ a' 'sham. A shin ; 
mother's brother's wife, ^ ^ 'k'am *m5. K'in 
mii, H ^ 'k'au ^mb. K'iii mii, ^$g 'k'am ^ndimg. 
K'in ndang. 

Aura, a gentle current of air, ^^ ^yau ,fung. Jau 
fung, ^^:<iM>, fWa^i jya^ fChi jfung. Wan jau 
chi fung. 

Auratcd, resembling gold,^ ^ ^kam shik,. Kin sih. 

Aurelia, chrysalis, ^ 'kdn. Kien ; the chrysalis of 
a mantis, ^fe^' ,p'iu ^shfiu. P'iku shdu. 

Aureum malum ^35^ /an ,k'6. Fdn kid. 

Auric, pertaining to gold, ^ '^^ ,kam tik,. Kin tih, 
^P^ ^kam kc'; auric acid, ^f{^ ,kam ^siin. Kin 
swdn, ^@^ kam ts'b'. Kin ts'ii. 

Auricle, the external ear, 'S^^^i 'to. Rh to. 

Auricled^ having appendages, like ears, ^ 'S^ ^yau 
'i. Yii rh. 

Auricula J^t^^ jWong ,fd ts'oi*. Hivdng hw{i ts'di. 

Auricular, pertaining to the ear, ^ ^^ H tik,. Rh 
tih, ]^P^ 'i k6'; auricular confession, Iiif>[IEp'tj |f?- 
fii' ^I k6' 'kdi. Fii rh k&u kidi; socivt, ^ ,8Z. Sz. 

Auriferous, that yields gold, ^ ^kam. Kin, ^ i^ 
,kam k6', :^ <^ *yau ^kara. Yii kin, ^■,'^^ 
jShang^kam tik,. Sang kin tih, ^ti[llTT'^\''^*^"n 
ch'ut, 'yaii kam. Sang ch'uli yu kin, Hi :^ f}«I 
ch'ut, ,kam tik,. Ch'uli kin tih ; auriferous ore, 
^ ^5 ,kam shekj. Kin shih, ^ ^ ^kam kwong'. 



Kin kwdng; looking like gold, ^ ^\ ^ -jt t^'' 
'yau ,kam ^kwong. Tdi yii kin kwdng. 

Aurora, the rising light of the morning, ^ ?|^ ^ 
/'in /s6ung ^sii. T'ien tsidng shii, Ji^% ,t'in 
fdt, 16ung^. T'ien fdh lidng, J<i^n}\ t'in ,ts6ung 
,ming. T'ien tsidng ming, flg yat, ^su. Jih shii, 
^W^ <t'i° ,ts6ung 'hiii. T'ien tsidng hidu, J^ 
"fi! # Q <tung pin' tsok, pdk,. Tung pien tsoh 
peh, ^f^i^ ,t'in tsok, pdk,. T'ien tsoh peh", ^ 
BL miii' tdn'. Mei tdn, %-)j^^ ,tung ,fong ki' 
pdk^. Tung fdng kl peh, ^ ^ BM /'in .mung 
jlung, 1^ t^ jlai jUiing. Li ming. 

Aurora borealis ^(i ^ j^X pak, kikj jhung, Peh kih 
hung ; aurora australis, ^^^J jndm kik^ ^hung. 
Ndn kih hung. 

Auspice, ■) the omens of an undertaking, f^ fij| 

Auspices, ] chiu* /'au. Chdu t'au, -^ ^|< ^sin chiii*. 
Sien chdu, ^ I^ shai' /'au. Shi t'au,' ^ g^ i' 
jt'au. I t'au, 0^j< ii' chiii'. Yii chdu ; patronage, 
f i Ifi 't'ai t'ip,. T'i t'ieh, f | ® 't'ai kii'. T'l kii, 
JJE^ pi' yam'. Pi yin. 

Auspicious, having omens of success, ^ ^|< ^^ 'hb 
chili' /'au. Hdu chdu /'au, ^^|< kat, chiii^ Kih 
chdu, jif % /s'6ung chiii'. Ts'idng chdu, Jjg %, 
sui' chiu\ Shwui chdu, ^jf^ /s'dung sui^ Ts'ang 
shwui, j^ ;§: gg 'hb 1' /'au. Hdu 1 t'au ; an aus- 
picious day, ^ 3 kat, yat^. Kih jih, |3; EL kuk, 
t^n'. Kuh tdn, if ^ ^ 'hb yat^ 'tsz. Hdu jih tsz. 

Auspiciously, happily, ^ hang'. Hang. 

Austere, rough and f.8tringent to the taste, f^ ^ 
kip, mi'. Kieh wi; rigorous, i^H /un ^Im. Twdn 
7^"^' Wl M S^ suk,. Yen suh, ^ || ,chong ^Im. 
Chwdng yen, jig j^ kwo' ,im. Kwo yen, || ,.f ,1m 
'kan. Yen kin, ^^ 'han ^im. Han yen ; rough, 
Wl % ly^ ^K Yen ngoh. 

Austerity, severity of manners, i^^^ /i"m ,1m. T^vdn 
ysn. J^ ^ jim suk,. Yen suh. 

Austral, southern, |^";^P^ ,ndm ,fong V&, ^'^^ 
^km /ong tik,. Ndn fang tih, 1^ ^' ^ ^ shuk, 
jUdm kikj tik,. Shuli nan kih tih. 

Austral- Asia * ^ g§ 55 ^ ^ <^ ^ :I'H Asaid /img 
,ndm ,chi ,kw'an ^chau. Asid tung udn chi k'iun 
chau. 

Australia ^^^%%:^M jP'i"? 5^*^'""^ i^w'an 'tb 
,chl ,ch'ing. P'ing ydng k'iun tdu chi ch'ing ; an- 
other name for New Holland, Iff j^ |© ;$: ^ij 3^ 
San Holdn ,chi pit, ch'ing. Sin Holdn chi pioli 
ch'ing. 

Australian, pertaining to Australia, ^f jwiiM''l^ ^'"^ 
Holdn ke', %^^ify San Holdn tik,. Sin Holkn 
till. ^3 tf\'^Wi ^^^^\ San Holdn. Slmh Sin Holdn. 

Australian, an, ^Iff ^ 10 A ^an Holdn ,yan. Sin 
Holdn jin. 

Austria ^i'lli|ti»lli g Ctilld kwok,. AutUi<i kwoh, 
^JHlfel .sh(4ung jing kwok^. Shwimgyingkwoh, 
?7M® ,md ,ying kwok,. Md ying kwoh. 

Austi-o-Egyptiaii, southern Egj-ptian. |i$^;i^ J^Hl!"!^ 



• iH:^liite^^Sji8,«^ff^aj:e:iit- 



ATJT 



(m) 



AUT 



^ndm Oik'ap tf W, ^i^^^^^ .nam Oik'ap tik,. \ Ch'wdng clii die, "if J^ ^ 'shau ts5' 'ch^. Shau 



Ndn Ngaikih tih. 

Authentic, | true, m ^chan. Chin, ]J ^ ^<J shat, 

Authentical, j tsoi" tik,. Shih tsdi tih, ^^^>f ,chan 
shatj tik,. Chin shih tih, ^?^^xJ ^^^\ ^'^^^ *^^v 
Shih k'ioh tih, ^'^PU A^^ s^^at, k6', ^^51^^ 
tik k'ok, tikj. Tih k'ioh tih ; of approved autho- 
rity, ^^W'^^ 'ya^ ^^^\ k^' ^iky Y^ shi^ ^^ 
tih, ^ fi II Tau ,p'ang kii'. Yii p'ang kii, 5^ 
j^ 1^ 'yau k'ok, kli'. Yii k'ioh kii, ^ ^ |^ P^ 
'yau shatj kli' k6', "^ |§ |fj "ya^^ ching' kti'. Yu 
ching kii ; authentic history, _^ ffi ^ ^ 'sz kf 
shat, luk^. Shi ki shih luh ; authentic records (a 
terra used by the Tauists, fi^ ^chan ,king. Chin 
king, 5 #^ ^ yuk> ,ling ^king. Yuh Hng king ; 
authentic documents (deed of sale), ^ ^ jb^ng 
k'ai'. Hiing k'i, ffj ^ yan' k'ai'. Yin k'i. 

Authentically, in an authentic manner, 5^ p^ k'ok, 
in. K'ioh jen ; with the requisite authority, 'j^ 
^^ ; fat,. I fah, mkW^ .p'ang f^ 'ch'ii chf . 
P'ang fah"ch'u chi, S^J^'/^ sP'ang ^k'iin 'ch'ii 
chi-. P'ang k'iuen ch'ii chi. 

Authenticate, to render authentic, jt ^ |^ l^Pj 
jp'ang ku'. Lih p'ang kii, f||5§^ 'sz k'ok, shat^. 
Shi k'ioh shih ; to determine as genuine, ^^^5l| 
^ jCh'd tak, k'ok, shat,. Ch'd teh k'ioh shih, ^ 
ttj-^]^ jch'4 ch'ut, k'6k,8hat^. Ch'd ch'uh k'ioh 
shih. 

Authenticated, rendered authentic, as a deed, ^'J^ 
fp k'oi' kvvo^ yan'. K'di kwo yin, |^ ^^ f p k'ap, 

kwo' yan'. Kih kwo yin, tT >^ f (1 '^^ ^'^^^ y^^'- 
Td kwo yin ; determined as genuine, ^^^^^/^ 
,ch'd kwo' tik, k'ok,. Ch'a kwo tih k'ioh, j^a^^ 
1^ Mp^ kwo' j)'ang ku\ Lih kwo p'ang kii, ^ 
■^Wl^ 'hin T^au shat^ kii'. Ilien yii shih kii. 

Authenticating, giving authority by the nessessary 
signature, as the emperor, 1^ ^ ^chii ^p'ai. Chii 
p'i, ^;g ^ts'im ^meng. Ts'ien ming, ^^ ^ts'im 
tsz^ Ts'ien tsz ; ditto by aflBxing the seal, |^ fj] 
fii- yan'. Fix yin, ^ ^ k'oi' van'. K'Jii yin, ^ 
fP k'ap, yan'. Kih yin. 

Authentication, the act of authenticating by signa- 
ture, ^M^ <chii ^p'ai 'cM. Chii p'i ch6, ^ ;g 
,ts'im ^meng. Ts'ien ming, ^p fp k'ap, yan*. Kih 
yin ; ditto by the affixing of the seal, ^ ^ k'oi' 
yan'. K'ii yin ; confirmation, i j^|^ Icipj sP'ang 
kii'. Lih p'ang kii, jt ^ |^ lap^ shatj kii'. Idh 
shih kii. 

Authenticity, the quality of being authentic, ^ ^ 
^ 'yau shat^ kii'. Yu shih kii, ^^|^ "yau k'ok, 
kii'. Yii k'ioh kii, ^ ^ |^ ^an ching' kii'. Yu 
ching kii ; genuineness, ^ ^ ^chan shat^. Chin 



shih, ?|] 



k'ok, shat^. 



K'ioh shih. 
Author, originator, ^]J ^^ ^ ,ch'o tsb^ 'ch6. Ts'ii 
tsdu 'cU, it^-;^^ 'ch'i tso- 'ch^. Ch'i tsiu ch6, 
M\i&^ ch'ong' ts6' 'ch6. Ch'w^ng tsau che, ^ 
# ^ '«^'^ tsok, 'ch^. Ch'i tsoh che, ^JJ f^ ^ 
,ch'o tsok, 'ch6. Ts'ii tsoh ch6, 0f ^ ^ ,san tso^ 
'ch^. Sin tsAu ch6, j||J Uf ^ ch'ong' chai' 'chd. 



tsl,u che, ^^ ^'sz -yau 'che. Shi yii ch^, g^ 
^ ^ chf ^yau 'ch^. Chi yii ch^ ; inventor, ^g, 
[jj ^ ^sz ch'ut, 'ch6. Sz ch'uh clie, f^Hj^ ,san 
ch'ut, 'ch6. Sin ch'uh che, ^J}'^^ ,ch'o ts6' 'ch^. 
Ts'ii tsku che, ^^ |^ ff ^ ^ch'o chai' tsok, 'cU. 
Ts'u chi tsoh ch6 ; the author of a book, i^%'^ 
tsok, ,shii 'ch6. Tsoh shu che, f^§P^ tsok, ^shii 
k6', '(-^^^^ A tsok, ^shii tik, ^yan. Tsoh shu tih 
jin, ^^^ chii' ^shli 'ch6. Chii shii che, ^^^^ 
ts6^ ^shii 'ch6. Tsau shii ch^; the principal author, 
IE ^ ching' chdn^ Cliing chdn ; assistant ditto, 
glj ^ fii' chdn\ Fu chdn ; to become an author, 
^ ttj ^ ,san ch'ut, shik,. Sin ch'uh sih ; to be 
an author in order to support one's self, 0^^ 
^ ^ ^ 'i pat, mak, ,Avai ^shang ^ng^i. I pih 
meh wei sang ydi, ^ ^j: ^ ^ pat, ^kaug ^ato^ 
jShang. Pih kang wei sang ; the fii'st cause, '^. 
y^ ^chan jiin. Chin yuen, '^ ^ jbving kwaii. 
Hvmg kiun, ;^ ^=J tdi' ^kwan. TA kiun ; the au- 
thor of happiness and misery, fS j|jS -^ i fnk, 



wo^ jChi 'chii. Fuh ho chi chii ; the author of life 
and death, ^^^i ,shang 'sz ^chi 'chii. Sang 
sz chi chii ; he is the author of my fortune, ^ '^ 
^^^^JrM 'ng« cChi fuk, shi^ ,t'a 'sho chi'. 
Wo chi fuh shi t'd so chi. 
Authoritative, having due authority, 1[^ ^ ^ch'i 
jk'iin. Ch'i k'iuen, ^ m 'yau ^k'tin. Yu k'iuen, 
-Wl^^ *yau jk'iin shai'. Yu k'iuen shi ; peremp- 
tory, ^^ teng^ ill'. Ting y^u, ^-^ tak, meng-. 



Teh ming. 



Authoritatively, 
sP'ang 



'tin. 



in an authoritative manner, ^ ^ 
P'ang k'iuen, ^ |^ ^i jk'un. I 
k'iuen, "(f || shi'^k'un. Shi k'iuen, -ff ff 'i ^k'iin. 
I k'iuen; with due authority, ^ ^|| ^au jk'iin. 
Yu k'iuen. 
Authority, legal power, ^^ ^ jk'iin shai'. K'iuen 
shi, ^ ^ ^k'iin peng'. K'iuen ping, jgj] f|| ,wai 
^k'iin. Wei k'iuen ; control or government, ^|^ 
'kiin hat,. Kwan hidh, ^ ^wong ^kA. Hwdng 



kid ; influence, ^ ,k'iin, 



^ jWong 
K'iuen : 



m. sk'iin 



jUang. K'iuen nang, jg min\ Mien, ^ ^ min' 
'tsz. Mien tsz, f| [gj 't'ai min'. T'i mien, ^ ^ 
jShing shai'. Shing shi ; evidence, /^ |^ sP'ang 
kii'. P'ang kii ; warrant, ^ p'iii'. P'iaii ; to have 
authority or power, '^ ^ ^au jk'un. Yii k'iuen, 
^ IS # yau jk'iin shai'. Yu k'iuen shi, 1^ ;^ 
^ts'6 jk'im. Ts'au k'iuen, f^ i^ ,cha ,k'un. Chai 
k'iuen, ^|^ chap, ^k'iin. Chih k'iuen, if|| 'chii 
jk'iin. Chu k'iuen, ^ :j|| 'cheung ^k'iin. Chdng 
k'iuen; to grasp authority or power, ^ i^ lung^ 
jk'iin. Lung k'iuen, |^||| 'Idm ^k'iin. Lan k'iuen; 
he has autherity for what he says, ^ ^ |^ ^au 
jP'ang kii'. Yii p'ang ku ; he is my authority, jg 
fel^^ 'k'ii wd^ 'ngo ^clii. K'u hwa wo chi, -§, 
iS 1^ ^ ,t'd shilt, -ngo ^chi. T'A shwoh wo chi ; 
quoted from the best autliorities, ^|j^ 'yan king. 
Yin king, |^ -fill kii' 'tin. Kii tien ; by imperial 
authority, ^ '^ ,yam teng'. K'in ting, ^ ^ ii^ 



AfT*' 



(118) 



AtTt 



teng'. Yii ting, ^•^ , yam mcng*. K'inming; of j Autograph, ") a person's own handwiiting, j^ ^ 
suspected authority, ^Pfifi pat, 'ho sun', ^|^ i Autography, j ^ts'an shii. Ts'in shil, j^ -^ ^ 1"^ 



pat, shatj. Puh shih, 'fl?^ 'kd. Ki/i 
Authorization, the act of giving authority, -f^ ^ 
^ 'pi i^'un 'ch6. PI k'iuen ch6, ^ -|||''u ^k'un. 
Yu k'iuen, ^ ;^ ,kdu ^k'iin. Kidu k'iuen, :|^ ;f^ 
shau' jk'iin. Shau k'iuen, j^^ ^*'^T'> jk'im. Kih 
k'iuen. 



,ts'an 'sliau 'h6 ke', ^^%1^ .ts'an pat, 'se 'ch6^ 
Ts'in pih si^ cM, ^ 1^ '4 ^ tik, pat, 's^ 'ch6. 
Tih pih si6 ch6, jj^^ ,un ^shii. Yuen shu, ^^ 
^ ts// .shii 'eh6. Tsz shu che, g B ^^ 5^ "^ 
is// 'ki ,king 'sliau 'sd \i6' ; the king's autograph, 



ii^ pat,. Yii pih. 



iT sljii. Yu shu. 



Authorize, to give authority, -f^ ^ 'pi ^k'tin. Pi j Autogi-aphic, pertaining to an autograph, ^ ^ j'jf^j 
k'iuen, M || Hi ^k'un. Yu k'iuen, i^-^ ^ shau' .ts'an ,shu tik,. Ts'in shu tih, ^% ^ ,ts'an 'se 
^k'un. Shau k'iuen, ^^^\ tsdung ^k'un ^kAu tik,. Ts'in si6 tih, %^%^ ,ts'an 'siiau 's6 k«^'. 
,yan. Tsidng k'iuen kiau jin, ^^^a K ^ ,k'un Automatic, ") having the power of moving itself, 
k'ap, ,yan. I k'iuen kih jin, -f^. \^M. lU^'V^ Automatical, ) 



jk'im kvvo' ^k'ii ,chd. Pf k'iuen kwo k'ii chd ; to 
issue a warrant for apprehending a thief, |JJ :^ 
^® ch'ut, ^na jan p'iu'. Ch'uhnil jin p'iau ; to 
give legal power, |^^ Kit, p'iu'. Fdh p'iAu. 

Authoi-ship, the quality of being an author, ^ ^ 
Z^ t'li'ut, shik, ,chi sz^ Ch'uh sih chl sz. 

Auto))iogi-aphy, ra(;moirs of one's life written by 



S B nW}^ tsz^ .in >ng tung' 
tik,. Tsz jen hang tung tih, g \±V<ff^fj^ tsz* 'ki 
^ui ^bang ke', Q Li Pf U^ t'sz' 'ki 'ui yuk, k^-'. 
S a nt il "fliC ts// ki 'ui tung^ ke', f-l «^ jfH Id 
tsz' jin ji tung'. T.sz jen rh tung, g ^Zi\M ^**''' 
tung^ chi ,ki. Tsz tung chi ki ; automatic arts, 
^W)^Z^ tsz^ tung* ,ki ^chi ngai*. Tsz tung 
ki chi i. 



one's self, ^ ^}^ :^ ^^ Jiang chong* 'pi'm chiin*. S Automaton, a self-moving machine, g tl^^^ ^sz' 



Hang chwdng pun chuen. 
Autochthon, one who springs from the soil he inha- 
bits, ±^Z A 't'^ A^^'^ c^'l'i jan. T'u sang 
chi jin, i ^ ^ 't'6 ^shang 'ch6. T'd sang che, 
^ISHliriJ^ 'pun ti' ch'ut, 'c]\6. Pun ti ch'uli ch6, 
ijiil^P^ '[)un 't'o sh^ng ke' ; an aboriginal or 
native, ;^t-lbA P"" ^^' J^n. Pun ti jin, 2JS J^A 
'pun Vo jan. Piin t'u fin, ± \ 't'5 ^yan. T'u 
jin. 
Autochthonic, | indigenous, 7|sJiP|^ 'pun 't'o k(5', 
Autochthonous, J ^^i^vipi 'pun ti* W, :^±^ 'pun 

't'5 tik,. Piin t'u tih. 

Autocracy, supreme, uncontrolled, authority, ^ i^ 

Z H tul«2 ,ts'6 ^chi jk'iin. Tub ts'du chi k'iuen, 

© iZM tsz' 'cliii chi ^k'iin. Tsz chu chi k'iuen, 

^i.ZW. tuk^ 'chii>bi ,k'iin. Tub chu chi 

k'iuen, U^\iZM .1"^ 'i^n^ .chi ^k'iin. Wu bien 

chi k'iuen. 

Autocrat, ■) an absolute sovereign, ^ ^ Z M. * 

Autocrator, ) tsz* 'chii ,chi jWong. Tsz cbii chi 

hwang, ^^Z^ ,chiin jk'iin ^chi ^wong. Chuen 

k'iuen chi hwAng, ^^^ZU. ^^K >'^ i^'"" 

,chi ^wong. Tub ts'iiu k'iuen chi bwiing, ^-|llE|{^ 

^<i^>'^»m^'»'in' ,('hi jk'iin 'ch6. Ts'a'uwii 

liien chi k'iuen ch^, ^iiff<lM^ .ts'6 yam^ 

,hang ,chi ^k'ttn 'che'!. Ts'<iu jin liang chi k'iuen 

chd. 

Autocratic, ) absolute, Q i ^ '^ tsz* 'chii ^chi 

Autocratical, J ,k'iin. Tsz chu chi k'iuen, -fi jg ff 

Pp;t.ynm* i' Juing k6', 1^ ^ {j<j ,cbiin ^k'iin tik,. 

Chuen k'iuen tiii. 

Autocratrix, n ('("uiule, absolute sovereign, ^ '^Z 

^■^ tsz* 'ehii ,ehi ^kwan 'chu. Tsz ebi'i chi kiun 

chu, ^M<lk^. ,'••>'■'» i^t'"!^ .t'l'i .J<wan 'chii. 
Chuen k'iuen chi kiun chu. 



'^acnnperor, aE=king, ^=:prince, ^ ^=queen or 
fomole sovcicii'n. 



,hang ,cbi ,ki. Tsz hang chi ki, g g| .^ \^ tsz* 
tung* ,chi ^ki. Tsz tung chi ki ; a machine which 
moves bv invisible macbiiicrv, |^^ ^^ ki tung' 

,chi ,bi, 'n^}m»mm >^»^j,' tung* pi* 6m' ,ki 

'sho chi'. Hang tung pi ngcin ki so ehi ; self mov- 
ing images, fgif}^ 'kwa'i 'tsjii hi', (^j^ fdi' 'lui. 
Kw 'ei lui, ^\, gp^ ^ muk^ ^t'au hi'. Muh t'au hi. 

Automatons, having in itself the power of motion, 
@P^il''f5t tsz* 'ui tung* k6\ g n^ ^ o/^ tsz* 'ui 
yuk, ke'« Q ^^ Kf [)^ tsz* ^in tung* tik,. 'IV. jen 
tung tih. 

Automasy, a word of common signification used 
for the name of a particular thing • , jfl ^^fl ;<^ 
^i^^j^^-P yung* lui* ,meng tsz' toi' 'pun 
^meng tsz*. Yung lui ming tsz tai pun ming tsz. 

Autonomous, independent in government, Pf g ^ 
^ 'ho tsz* 'kun 'li. K'o tsz kwin li, g ci^# 
tsz' 'ki Ui tak,. Tsz ki li teh, g ti il # i^ tsz* 
'ki lip^ tak, ching'. Tsz ki bh teh ching. 

Autonomy, the poM er of s(>lf government, ^ i^ Z 
^ tsz* ching' chi jk'iin. Tsz ching chi k'iuen. 

Autopsy, ocuhir view, U ^ ^kw'ai ch'<lt,. Kw'ei 
ch'Ab. 

Autumn ^ ,ts'au. Ts'iii, ^ ^ ,man t'in. Min 
t'icn; autumn season, ^^ ,ts'au ^t'in. Ts'iu t'ien, 
^^ ,ts'au kwai'. Ts'id kwei, ^ ^ .ts'au ling*. 
Ts'iu Ung; the harvest time, jJ5|l^ i^ , ts'au *Hm. 
Ts'iu lien, ;g^lj^ ^ts'au .shau. Ts'iii shau, ^1^ t 
mAkj ^ts'au. Meb ts'iu ; Spring and Autumn, ^ 
^ ,cirun ,ts'au. (^hun ts'iii, is one of the Five 
Classics and may be ealleil Mirror of Govern- 
ment ; commencement of autumn, jj^ ^ hip, 
,ts'au. Lib t«'iu, ^J^ .kau ,ts'au. Kidu ts'iii. 

Autumnal ^ jinan. Min, J^ ^ ^ts'au .t'in. Ts'iu 
t'icn, ^^P^ .ts'au ^t'in k6', ^^^ .ts'au t'.n 

f The latter expression refers to th* liorrest of vthmt 



AUX 



(119) 



AVE 



tikj. Ts'iu t'ien till ; autumnal equinox, ^ ^ 
^ts'au /an. Ts'iu fan ; autumnal sky, ^^ ^man 
t'in. Min t'icn ; autumnal sacrifice, ^ ^ /s'au 
tsai'. Ts'iii tsi, ^ ^sheung. Chang, ^ ^lau. Lau, 
^ai ^kajp'ing. Kiap'ing; autumnal assizes, ^ 
1^ ^ts'au 'sham. Ts'iii shin. 

AuxiUar, | helping, J^^j^^ cho^ tik,. Tsu till, l^f^ 

Auxiliary, J ^i} fu" cho' tik,. Fu tsii tih, ^f ^ P|E I 
,pong cho- kc' ; subsidiary, :^ ^J ^^ ^seung cho" 
tik . Siang tsii tih ; auxiliary troops, tjj[f -^ cho- 
pping. Tsu ping, ^ ^ ,un j^iug. Yuen ping, || 
^ fii' ,ping. Eu ping ; auxiliary verb, ^ y^ ^ | 
fu- lit, tsz'. Tii hwoh tsz ; auxiliary words, ex- ! 
pressions or euphonic particles used for interpunc- 
tion and other grammatical forms t , ^^Jf^ *u 
cho- jts'z. Yu tsu ts'z, |J^^|h) cho' 'u ^ts'z. Tsu 
yii ts'z; an auxiliary force, ^^ jUn ^kwan. Yuen 
kiun. I 

Auxis, mackarel, :^ fj^ /a ,cli'i. Ilwa ch'i. ! 

Ava, the capital of Birmah, ^f^ Awa. Awa, ||]|]g '• 

"fiJM^il^ t^^H' ^^ ^}^ '^"^^ .shing^chi jneng. 
Tsih Mien tien king cliiiig clii ming. [ 

Avail, to turn to advantage, ^ ^shing. Cliing, ^ ; 
ch'an'. Cli'in ; to avail one's self of an opport- j 
unity, ^#1"^ jshing ^ki ui'. Ching kl liwui, ^ | 
^ ,shing ^ki. Ching ki, ^^ ^shing sliai'. Clung 
shiMfeB# .shing ^shi. Clung slii, ^ B$ j^ ,shing 
^shi hau'. Ching shi hau, ^^ ch'an' shai'. Ch'in 
"shi, ^#1^ ch'an' ^kl lii". Ch'in kl liwui, ^ H# 
^ ch'an' ,shi hau'. Ch'in shi hau, ■^fiSf^^Ol'^l 
eh W ,nl Chan' ^shi hau', tJ^B^M^Jf^ '^''^ '^o 
'shii jts'ui kwan' "shcung, |^^ ^shiug piir. Ching 
picn, ^ ^ ch'an' piir. Ch'in pien, p^ ^ jan 
pin'. Yin picn, ^j^ tsau" piir. Tsiii pien, ^^ 
,shing Jiung. Ching k'ung, ^ jg] <shing kan'. 



Ching kien. 



.sldng kwik . Ching kill ; it 



avails nothing, M j^ ,m6 yik,. Wu yih, &E j^ 
,m6 yung'. Wu yung, ^^ ,t'o ,in. T'li jen, iff. 
'^ ^mo wai^ Wu wei, ^-^Pf? j!! 'm<^ "i^t, ^cliung 
vuns', M*il ,m6 'p6. Wu pii, M^ ^mo .p'i. Wu 
p'i ; to avail o( an experienced hand, i^^^^ 
-i /sz shukj 'shau. I tsz slmh sliau, |§^^ tsik, 
shuk^ 'shau. Tsih sliuh shau ; to avail one's self 
of a reason for excuse, ^i^ tsik^ /iin. Tsih twan, 
^ ^ tsik. kii'. Tsih ku, ^ ;^ jan ^chi. Yin 
.chi, m Kt^ t§ ct'iii ,k'i .ngam ngam. Tiii k'i 
yin yin, ^|J |i|ll ,kong ^kong. Kang kang, |^|J |§ i 
kong ,ngam, ;^ ^ ts'au' ,ngdni ; to avail of| 
strange words to make it known, 5|^ f ^ '^ 'f^ 'ffj 
tseung jiu jIn ^eh'un p6'. Tsiang y4u yen ch'uen 
pu. 

Avail, to be of use, :^ :^ -yau yik.. Yu yili ; to 
answer the purpose, ^ ,ngam, ^ cheuk,. Choh ; 
what does it avail ? ^'(^^ 'yau jho yik,. Yu ho 
yih. 

Avail, profit, ^1] ^ li' yik,. LI yih, ^ ^ 'yau yik,. 
Yu yih, ^^ J)'! yik,. P'i yih. 

Available, advantageous, :^^ 'yau yik,. Yii yih, ^ 

: See author's Grammar. P. I. pp. 100—108. 



j^ -yau yung\ Yii yung, H^^ "yau ,p'i yik . 
Yu p'i yih ; profitable, ^^Ij ^sliang li". Sang li ; 
having sufficient strength, ^ ^ lik, tsuk^. Lili 
tsuh, ^•^ lik^ kau'. Lib kau ; attainable, pf^ 
%^ 'ho wokj tak. ^loi. K'o hwoh teh Idi. 

Availableness, efficacy in promoting an end in view, 
M \^ # 'Jio cki ui'- H^u ki hwui, ^ ^ -yau 
yik . Yii yih ; legal force, ^ |^ 'j^au ^k'iin. Yii 
k'iuen ; validy, ^ ^ 'wan tong'. Wan tang. 

Availing, turning to profit, ^ jShing. Ching, ^ 
ch'an'. Ch'in ; availing ourselves of this oppor- 
tunity, ^^^^ ^shing ki lii'. Ching kihwui, ^ 
;f^ 1^ ch'an' ^ki lii'. Ch'in ki hwui, ^ ^ jSbing 
sliai'. Ching shi, ^^ ch'an' shai'. Ch'in shi, ^ 
^ tsik, shai'. Tsih shi. 

Avails, profits or proceeds, %\\ li". Li, ^1] ^ li' yik,. 
Li yih, ^Jr^^ZM 'sho tak, ^chi li'. So teh chi li. 

Avalanche, a snow-slip, ^ ^ slit. tP'^'^S- Siueh 
pang ; a sudden impulse of human masses, ^ |^^ 
jfj] H jfung Vung ^i chi'. Eung yung rli chi. 

Avant-courier, a fore-runner, -j^^^cli'iinbo-. Ch'uen 
hau, ^ f g ,fi po'. Fi pii. 

Avant-guard -^ |§ ,sin /ung. Sien fung, ^ i^ ;5fc, 
1^ jhoi 16' jSin /ung. K'ai lii sien fung. 

Avarice, covctousiiess, ^ jVj> ^t'am ^sam. T'an sin, 
^^ /'am lun\ T'an lun, ^^ ,t'am Jam. T'an 
Ian, '1^^ Jian luir. K'ion fun, ^§|^\t'am 'p'i. 
T'an p'i. 

Avaricious, covetous, ;^;Ci> /'am ,sam. T'tin sin, ^ 
^ /'am lull-. T'an lun, ^ ^ luir shik . Lun 
sill. # P c^'ani /'o. T'an t'li, fj )^ /^ 'mo im' 
tsuk,. Wii yen tsuh, ^^. — ■ ^, Zl f ak. yat, 'seung 
i-. Teh yih siang rh, i& ^ Z ^ s^"" ™^' c^lii 
jk'au. Wii yen chi k'iii" ^ ,i^ M. ^l /'am ,sam 
,m6 im'. T'an sin wii yen, ^^'^ /'am ^p'in ^i. 
T'an p'ien i, \^^ ts'ut, /s'oi. Ts'oh ts'di, .^|J $ 
li- tuk^. Li tuli, ^J f^ hak. pok,. K'eh poll, ^^ 
% 'p'au hAk,. P'au k'eli^^ [^ /i 16. Wii lii, 
9^g^ Jiau /au. Hau lau, 1^);'^ Jong hong. Lang 
hang ; an avarious fellow, 5^|J ^ ^ li" tuk, 'kwai. 
Li tub kwei, ^J^^ hak. pokj 'kvA^. K'eh poll 
kwei; greedy officers, ^^Z'\^ /'am /s'oi ^clii 
^kiin. T'an ts'ai chi kwan, ^ ^l'^ sbik, /'ung 
Jviin, ^^'^ sliau" ^cliong Jciin. Shau cliwang 
kwan, ^ ^ "g' /'am Jam ^kiin. T'an Ian kwan, 
y^ W Ifini' cli'in- Lan kwan, f^|^ /i»li'. Wu li, 
j^l^ /s'an li'. Ts'an li ; greedy of wealth, ^|| 
/'am /s'oi. T'an ts'ai. 

Avatar, the incarnation of a Deity, fi^ ^ ^ jslian 
/'au ^slian. Shin t'au shin. 

Ave, or Ave Maria, hail Maiy, 0g ^^ ,|| ;^lj ^\i fuk, 
/soi Mdlid, ifS -^ ^# f^ik, /soi shing' ■m6. 

Avedavat, brown with red spots, (Eringilla amandu- 
"V^)' l^-fE^ (^"ii c^^ ts6uk,. Mei liwa tsioh ; red 
and black with red spots, /]-> ^ ^ 'siii Jiung 
^neung. Sidu hung neang. 

Avenge -f(^ ,shan. Shin, ^^[^ ^ p6' ^cb'au. Pii ch'au, 
Wi ^ P^' "■^'- ^^ yu^n, $g ^ p6' jCh'aii. Pii 
ch'au, ^i'^ Slit, ban'. Siueh ban, ^||i^ p6' fuk,. 



AVE 



(120) 



AVO 



Pii fuh, ^ i)i fuk, ,ch'au. Fuh ch'au, -j^ % 

jihan ,im. Shin yu«n. 
Avfingnd $^ j© f^L P^' ^^'^^ tcli'au. Pu kwo ch'au, 

i^'M^ ,shan kwo' ,un. Shin kwo yuen, ^^^fg 

8ut, kwo' han^ Siiicli kwo han. 
Avcngoraont, vongrancp, ^K "f^ ^ P^' s«l''iiii '«^lie. 

Pii ch'au ch^:-, ^ f^ ^ siit, han' 'chc. Siuch 

han ch6. 
Avenger, one who avenges, ^-^^ p^' jCh'au 'chd. 

Pii ch'au che, "^^^ ^shan ,un 'che. Shin yucu 

ch6, S 'in ^ A ^''^ ^^^' <^^^^ J^"- Siueh han 
chi jin, % ^ ,un ,kd. Yuen kia. 

Avenging, executing vengeance, fg % p6* ,ch'au. 
Pii ch'au. 

Avens, the lierh bcnnet, Ht ^ ^ 'shii kuk, 'ts'5. 
Shii kuh ts'au. 

Aventurine | ^ M ^ y^^^ <^^^p shek^. Kin sing 

Avantiu'ine J shih. 

Avenue, a passage, \^ ^ 'yung t6'. Yung tdu, jg 
^ ,t'ung ihK T'ung tau, p^{^ j^am W. Yin lu; 
an avenue between trees, 1^^^ "^^ shii* yam' 
,chi 16'. Shii yin chi lil, 'M)^Z^ ,che jam ,chi 
16'. Che yin chi hi. 

Aver, to affirm with confidence, ^ fj shat^ wa'. 
Shih liwa, 5^ f*^ k'ok, shut,. K'ioh shwoh, ^|ft 
shatj shut,. Shih shwoh, ^ ^ shat^ jin. Shih 
yen. 

Average, a mean proportion, :^;y;g-|- ^hli 'ch'e kai', 
A ^ tf t^' y^"k. ^ai'. Td yoh ki, A ^ -^ t^' 
y6uk, siin'. Td yoh swdn, ^ # t^i' 1^-"^,. Td 
lioh, A ^ ^^^^ kau'. Td kidu ; on an average, 
A 5^ t^i' sut,. T»& suli, ;^ fSE tai' k'oi'. Ta k'di, 
^ -^ y<5uk^ 16ukj. Yoh h'oh ; take the average, 

*ft ± # T «l^" s^x'""?* 'P« l>a'' ML^m^P" .I'^i 
.to 'p6 'shiii, ;y:^|t 'ch'6 .p'ing kai', %^ZU 
tak, ^chung ,clii sh6'. Teh chung chi sii ; average 
price, PJ^ ^ cliung kd'. Chung kid ; petty aver- 
age, a small duty or bonus paid to the master of 
a ship for his care of the goods, ^| ^ ts^' j^igan. 
Tsie yin. 

Averment, aflirmation, ^"^ ^^ k'ok, shat, ,clil 
wd'. K'ioli shih chi liwd. 

Avenuiciate, to root uj), ;|^ i^ put^ ,kan. Pah kin ; 
to prune, jj^ ^ ^sho hii\ Sii k'ii, ^IJf ^ 'chdm 
jSho. Chdn sii. 

Averrhoa, cammbola, ^^\, jeung jt'6. Ydng t'du, 
= :t^. ,8*dm nim'. 

Averse, liaving a repugnance of mind, ^^ jim ii'. 
Hien wii, ^f 5j(i ^im hi'. Hien k'i, J^ vjr im' hi'. 
Yen k'i, g»t ^ 't'6 im'. T'du yen ; to dislike, pg 
^ ,m '86ung, pg f> jn oi', % '^ pat, oi'. Puh 

ng''". P& M. I? s"^ ,<"'^ 'I'i- >vii hwdn hi, ;?; ^ 

pat, Ipk^. Puh loh, pg- \^ ,m ,ngdm ; he is averse 
to writing, Pg ^^51 itn ,to 's^ung 'st^ -X-:k ^ 
Wi M P«t, Uxi' 'hi ,fun 'se. Puh td hi hwdn si6 ; 
be not disinclined, ^ f^ mat^ tdn'. ;Mih tdn, yfC 
^ liat, p'/v'. Puh p'd; averse to, ^ j^ M{in ^ii. I 
Ijdn yii ; averse to poetry, l5^;J^B4»ff 'l<in ,ii ,yam [ 
^shi. Ldn yii yin shi ; to be averse to food, J^ ^ ' 



im' shik^. Yen shih, Pg ^ ^ ^ /n ,to 's6ung 
shik,. 

Aversely, with repugnance, ^,^ jim ^in. Hien jen. 

Aversion, J^,^ im' d'. Yen wu ; aversion to a per- 
son, ^^ ,im hi'. Hien k'i, i|{^ mo^ tsat,. M4u 
<^sih, f^ ^^ ,tsang li'. Tsang wii, ^ ^ tsat, ii'. 
Tsih wii ; aversion to food, Jg^ ^ im' shik^. Yen 
shih, |5j; 'ts'z. Ts'z; I have an aversion to her, 
Pg- ^ tg .m oi' 'k'u, ^^^.n 'ngo .t«ang 6' 
'k'ii. Wo tsang wii k'ii. 

Avert, to turn from or away, ^ iin\ Yuen, ^ ii'. 
Yii, ^ ^in. Mien, ^ ,ch'ii. Ch'ii, ^ 'Ui. 
Kidi, *| sung'. Sung, ^ shim. Shen, j^ ,i. 1, 
1^^ ^k'ii. K'u, ^ 'chiin. Chuen, ^ kau'. Kiu, 
f^ ^siii. Sidu ; to avert calamity, 5^ |g kau' 
wo*. Kill ho, ^ IS ji wo'. I ho, ^ jj§ ^k'ii wo'. 
K'ii ho, f^pi ,siu ,tsoi. Sidu tsdi, ^^ 'kdi wo'. 
KiMho, ^ff^ 'kdi'sai. Kidi si ; to avert calami- 
ties of fire, j^;/ci^ sung' 'fo ,tsoi. Sung ho ts^i, 
jJI^^ sung' 'fo j-eung. Sung ho ydng ; to keep 
away from, Jg-g ^lii pi^ Hwui pi, ^^ ,t'6 p(* ; 
to avert a blow, ^ ^ 'shim pi'. Shen pi. 

Averted, turned away or from, J^jl^ iin' kwo'. Yuen 
kwo, 5^};^ kau' kwo'. Kiii kwo, jS^i^ 'rain kwo.' 
Mien kwo, ^ 3!^ ji kwo'. I kwo, j^^^ ,siii kwo'. 
Sidu kwo, ^.'^ 'kai kwo'. Kidi kwo, ^^^ 'chiin 
kwo'. Chuen kwo ; averted, as a blow, ^ 3^ 
'shim kwo'. Shen kwo. 

Averter, one who averts, as calamities, ^ JH, ^ 
sung' ^tsoi 'did. Sung tsdi che, H? fjS ^ 'kai wo' 
'eh6. Kiiii ho ch6 ; in China this is done by a ^ 
M [:^4] j"<^^" 1™^ [.sin ,shang]. Ndn wii [sien 
sang]. 

Aviary, a building for keeping birds confined, 
J^ 'ydung ts(5uk, ,fong. Ydng tsioh fdng, 3 
^ ^dung 'niii /ong. Ydng nidu fdng ; an in- 
closure for ditto, ,|^ ^ ^iii 1dm'. Nidu ldn ; a 
bird cage, ,%'^ 'niii Jung. Nidu lung. 

Avidious, eager, 
'seung. Siang. 

A>-idity, greediness, ^ wai'. Wei, ^^ ^t'dm vuk,. 
T'dn yuh, $f ^|^ h6' .t'dm ^\im. Uku fdn* Ifin. 

Avic-non beiTv, the fi-uit of the Rhaniniis infector- 
ills, used as a yellow dye, ^^^ (r) ,^vong .chi 
'tsz. Hwdng chi tsz. 

Avocado, the name of a west India fruit, |J§ ^J |g 
^ ^ Saiyant6 'kwo ,mcng. Siyintii ko ming. 

Avocat, see Advocate. 

Avocation, the business which calls aside, ^ ^ sx' 
kon'. Sz kdn, yj>^^'siu sz' kon'. Sidu sz k4n ; 
his daily avocation, ^^ sz' ip^. Sz nieh. 

Avoid, to keep at a distance from, ^ 'min. Mien, 

^ i >£ V^K ^^^' l^a"'- I*"J» ^'^ J*'" '•> to flt^. M 
pi'. Pi, i^ M ,f 6 pi'. T'du pi, ^ 'to. To, g| 3^ 
,wai pi'. Wei pi, ^ |^ ^kwdn jfong. Kwdn 
fdn- ; evaile, |J') 'shim. Shen, |j^ [XJ 'to'shim. To 
shen, IJ^iifil shim pi'. Shen pi, ^^ 'tsau'shim. 
Tssiu shen. j^\: ,fi. Fi, ^. ki'. Ki ; to avoid cala- 
mity, igm pi''ndn'. PI ndn, ^|j| pi' wo'. Pi ho. 



wai'. Wei, ^ ,t'dm. T'dn, jgi 



AVO 



(121) 



AWA 



ilBj t'iit 'mill tsoi wo^ T'oh mien tsAi lio ; 
to evade a blow of a sword, f5^ ^J 'shim kim'. 
Shen kien, i^TJ pi^ t6. PI tdu ; to avoid a blow 
of the fist, ^ ^ 'shim ^k'ttn. Shen k'iuen ; to 
avoid danger, ^ ^ 'nn'ii ^ngai. Mien wei, jg (^ 
pi' 'htm. Pi hien ; to avoid the hot weather, ^ 
^ pi' 'shii. Pi sliii ; to avoid one's creditors, ^"^ 
pf- chai'. Pi ehdi ; to avoid luckily, ^ ^ hang^ 
'min. Hang mien, ^^ hang' pi'. Hang pi; 
coniide in the virtuous, but avoid the mean, 3^ 
-f-^if^'^J^ Kf'fsW^ <l^wan 'tsz 'sho ^i, 'siu jan 'sho 
fi, Kiun tsz so i, siku jin so fi ; to shun lewdness, 
j|^ kdi' shik,. Kil,i sih, f^fe^ kdi'shik yuk,. 
Kidi sih yuh ; to avoid trouble, ^ ^ 'shdng sz". 
Sang sz Tto avoid heavy expen.ses, ^^^ 'shdng 
fai' yimg'. Sang fi yuug ; to avoid mentioning 
the name of one departed, g|:| ki^ fai'. Ki hwui ; 
a spear openly dischargd at you is easily avoid- 
ed ; but it is difficult to guard against such as are 
discharged in secret, ^W,^^^,^^^WW 
ming 



kwo shih, 5f |g;5j^ k'ok, shiit, kwo'. K'ioh shwoh 
kwo ; called in to support, ^| ^ fiE^ V^ kwo' 
ching' kii'. Yin kwo ching kii, li^fjE :^ shut, 
kwo' ching' kii'. Shuh kwo ching kii. 
Avow, to declare openly, ^ ^ ,kung k6'. Kung 
kau, B^ ^ ^ming k6'. Ming kau, flj] |^ ^ming 
shut,. Mmg shwoh, ^ ^ {±} ^ ^ming \ong 
ch'ut, jloi. Ming kiang ch'uh Idi, Bj^ Q fj X 
^ ^rning pak^ wA^ jan ^t'eng, ^ ^ ^miug 
wa\ Ming [|^J shwoh, ^ Q ^ A ^ 'piu P^k, 
kwo' jan ^chi. Pidu peh kwo jin chi ; to confess 
frankly, jf t^^ chik^ yan\ Chih jin ; to own, %g 
yan^ Jin, if ^. chik, yan^ Chih jin, g U ^ 
g^ chikj yan' pat, fai'. Chih jin puh hwui, 1^^ 
jining yan'. Ming jin ; to admit and justify in one's 
own right, |g^ yan^ ch6uk^. Jin choh, fg.f^ 



^ts'eung jVung i' 'to, hm' tsin' 'y{\ ^nan 
/ong. Ming ts'idng yung i to, ngin tsien yd nsln 
fang ; to make void, ^.^ kAk ^ch'ii. Keh ch'u, 
1^-^ kilk hii'. Keh k'ii ; to guard agjiinst, ^[^JT 
kwan jfong. Kwan fang, ^^jj vi' jfong. Yu fang, 
iigiSF ,t'ai /ong. T'l fdng. 
Avoidable, that may be avoided, pf f^ ho 'min. K'o 
min tak . Mien teh. Pf J^ 'ho pi\ 



mien. 



^% 



:?H. s 



K'o pi, •§ H pi' tak. Pi teh, pf ^ 'ho 'shim. 
K'o shen. ^ ff 'shim tak,. Shen teh, pj ^ 'ho 
'shdng. K'o sang, ^ ^% 'shang tak,. Sang teh. 

Avoidance, the act of shunning. '^ 'min. Mien, ^ 
^ ^t'6 pi'. T'au pi, t^|55F ,t'ai ,fong. T'i fdng. 

Avoided, shunned, -^ jj^ 'min kwo'. Mien kwo, ^ 
J^ pi- kwo'. PI kwo, ^' 3^ 'shdng kwo'. Sang 
kwo, :^^ti§ kak, ^ch'ii kwo'. Keh ch'u kwo. 

Avoider tx^^ sh^^^s '^i" 'cYiQ. Hang mien che; 
ditto of calamity, ^ |S ^ '"^^ ^'"* '^^^- ^^^^ 
ho ch6; ditto of difficulties, j^|^^ pr ndn' 'che. 
Pi ndn che. 

Avoidless, inevitable, p§- ^ ^ ^m *min tak,, ^ g| 
^ pat, ^nang Tiiin. Puh nang mien, (I^i^f^ ^va 
pi- tak,, pg ^ If ^m 'shim tak^. 

Avoirdupois *, a woiight, of which the pound con- 
tains 10 ounces, — ff ^ -+" >^ [^ (#±) Z # 
yat^ pong^ -yau shap^ luk^ 'leung (dn' sz') ^chi 
ch'ing'. Yih pdng yii shih hxh lidng (ngdn sz) 
chi ch'ing. 

Avouch, to affirm, If^ shat^ wa'. Shih hwa, Jf |g; 
shat^ shut,. Shih shwoh, ^q^ k'ok, shiit,. K'ioh 
shwoh, ^^1^ shat, tsoi^ shiit,. Shih tsdi shwoh; 
to affirm in favor of, f-^ |JE |^ tsok, ching' kii'. 
Tsoh ching kii, 5| fiE ^ Van ching' kii'. Yin 
ching ku, i^ ^| %i.\^ ^un 'yan ching' kii'. Yuen 
yin ching ku, ^ f H: ^ shut, ching' kii'. Shuh 
chiui? kii. 

Hwd 



Avouched, affirmed, U ^ 



wa^ kwo' shatj. 



g a :$: tr y»» s p^^ ^' t^z^ 'ki ^chi ,hang. 

Jin jh pidu i tsz kl chi hang, Mffyf^ifJi^ 
^ Z yan' jhang pat, fat, ^i piu r ,chl. Jin hang 
puh fdh rh pidu I chi. 

Avowable, that may be avowed, pf f^, 'ho yan'. K'o 
jin, PTlSff'l^'^yan- tak,. K'o jin teh, f^ff yan^ 
tak,. Jin teh ; that may be acknowledged with 
confidence, ^ |f. ^^^ ^ming yan' tak,. Ming jin 
t^h' jQl!l^l# chikj shiit, tak,. Chih shwoh teh. 

Avowal, an open declaration, ^ Hfc j^ s°iin^ shiit, 
'che. Ming shwoh ch6, //^ -^ ,kung k5'. Kung 
kau, ^ -g- ;^ ,niing k6' 'chd. Ming kdu chd, ]f; 
^ chik^ pakj. Chih peh. 

Avowed, openly declared, ^ -^ jj^ skiing k5' kwo'. 
Ming kdu kwo, ^|8;j^ c'^ing shiit, kwo'. Ming 
shwoh kwo, ^ ^>^ jUiing wd' kwo'. Ming hwd 
kv^'o, iICI^jI^ cldk^ shiit, kwo'. Chili shwoh kwo. 

Avowedly, in an open manner, ^ ^j^ (kung in. 
Kung jen, ^ ^ming. Ming, 1^ jf^ ^ming ^in. 
^ling jen. j^,^ 'hin ^In. Hien jen, {jfjj^ tik, ^In. 
Tih jen ; with frank acknowledgment, ]§^^ chik 
>. .Chih jen, l^BMZ chik, >yan' ^cliL Chih 
jen jin chi, ^ gj gg chik^ ,t'au yan'. Chih t'au 
jin. 

Avowing, openly declaring, ^g|^ ^ming shiit,. Ming 
shwoh, B^^ sining wd'. Ming hwd, ^^ jming 
'kong. Ming kidng. 

Await, ambush, ^f/^ ^mdi fuk^. MM fuh, Bg 'j^ 6m' 
fuk^. Ngdn fuh. 

Await, to wait for, ^ -^ 'tang hau". Tang hau, ^ 
^ t'eng' hau'. T'ing hau, ^ ^ tsz' hau'. Tsz 
hau, ^ ^ 'tang toi'. Tang tdi, j^ toi'. Tai, ^ 
^ ,kung hau'. Kimg hau, ^ j^ 'k'l hau'. K'l 
hau ; to be in store for, -^ ^ ii' teng'. Yii ting, 
f^ -jil ii' pi'. Yu pi, ^ -jl .ts'ai pi'- Ts'I pi ; to 
look for, ^ H ^hl mong'. HI wdng, ^ g| k'l' 
mong'. K'l wdng, ^ ^ 'k'l mong'. K'l wdng ; 
to attend, 'ffjt shI' Idp,. Shi lib, ^f 'jglj shf chak,. 
Shi tseh, j^ j^ shI' hau'. Slii hau ; I will await 
you, ^^i^ "ngo 'tang Tii. Wo tang nl ; I will 
await your return, ^^i^\WA^ '^S^ 'tang 'ni 
^fdn >i. Wo tang nl fdn Idi, |^ ft f^i ^ |i^ 'ngo 
t'eng' 'ni 'fan ,lai. 



AWA 



(122) 



AWF 



Awaiting, waiting for, ^j^ Hang hau*. Tanghau. 

Awake, to rouse from natural sleep, W\^ kiu' 'seng. 
Kidu sing, Pj^g^ li^im' 'scng. Hdn sing, pf-Qg /d 
'seng. Pu sing, R^ gg fiin' 'seng. Hw&n sing, p§ 
|g hot, 'seng. Hoh sing, tTgM '^'^ 'seng. T^ sing; 
ditto from spiritual slt.ep, g^ fg^ 'seng ng*. Sing 
yra, ^ gl 'king 'seng. King sing ; to rise from 
the dead, f^ ^ t7n |^ jau 'sz ^i ,su. Yu sz rh su, 
A^rfijf^ .yau 'sz ,i ut . Yii sz rh hwoh, ^ ^r 
'fdn ,shang. Faif sang, Jg^ fuk^^su. Fuh sii, ^ 
>^ /dn ,shang. Fan sang ; to arouse to action, ^ 
% ''yung 'sung, Yung sung, \^ K| kik, tung*. 
Kih tung, [gjr kik,. Kih, ^^ 'ku "mb. Ku wd ; 
awake your sister, B4®-f^»''f!5Li^^ ^ ^^^' '"^^"o '^^ 
k6' d' miii', Pf-^^^ ,fu 'seng '1 miii". Fii sing 
rh mei. 

Awake, to cease to sleep, ^ 'seng. Sing, ^ ng^. 
Wu, gi ^ 5t5 'seng 'hi jloi. Sing k'i Idi, ^ J 
'seng livL. Sing lidu; to aAvake from spiritual sleep, 
jjg'j^ 'seng ng'. Sing wu, |||{; 'seng kok,. Sing 
kioh, ^ f§^ kok, ng^ Kaoh wii, '[^^ fg^ 'seng ng*. 



Sing wu. 



Awake, not sleeping, ^ 'seng. Sing, ^ ng^. Wu, 
Pg Ri s«i shui\ Wii shwui, pg B|i] ,m fan', || ^ 
^ij 'seng 'seng ^in. Sing sing jen ; keep awake, 
P|i"f 3tlll i^ 'li^ fan', :;f:"pf ® pat, 'ho shui^ Puh 
k'o shwui. 

Awaken, the same with awake ; to awaken the age, 
^ lii: 'king shai'. King shI, ^ \\t kok, shai'.' 
Kioh shl, @| (Ih 'seng shai'. Sing shi ; to awaken 
from sin and repent, '|^ f^ fiii' ng^. Hwui wu, 
^tf n^ '1^ IH 'seng ng' ,i fui' tsui^ Sing wii rh 
hwui tsiii ; to aAvaken gratitude, ^\^ 'kbm kik,. 



Kim kih ; to arouse, 



sun 



o» 



^yunj 



'tau 'sau. Tau sau. 



simg. 



Yung 



Awakened, roused from natural sleep, B^SS^ ^^^' 
'seng kwo'. Kiau sing kwo ; ditto from spiritual 
sleep, ^^ji^ 'king 'seng kwo'. King sing kwo ; 
roused mentally, Ijlf^jl^ 'seng ng^ kwo'. Sing wii 
Ifwo, ^ ^^S. ^^^, ^a k'wo\ Kioh wu kwo, f§ 
ng^- Wu, H 7 'seng 'liu. Sing lidu, -^ J ng' 
'liu. Wu liau, fl J kok, %u. Kioh Uau. 

Awakening, rousing from natural sleep, B4 j@ kiii' 
'seng. Kiau sing ; ditto from spiritual sleep, ^ 
j!^ 'king 'song. King sing; awakening words, gg 
i0 'seng jin. Sing yen. 

Awakening, a rivival of religion, Jfilc ^ ^ f^ ^hdm 
jto 'senj ng\ lldn to sing wii, A ^ BM t^ jan 
,to 'seng ng*. Jin to sing wii, iSjitifc^ti^ '^ii shai' 
'serg ng^. Kii shi sing wu. 

Sir 'sham tiin' 



Awarded, adjudged, ^i^ tiin' kwo'. Tw^n kwo, ^ 
j^ teng* kwo'. Ting kwo, ^Uri^ kut, tiin' kwo'. 
Kiueh twin kwo. 

Awarder, one who awards, ?^ ^ ^ kiit, tiin' 'ch6. 
Kiueh tw4n ch6, J^ iff ^ 'ch'u tiin' 'ch^. Ch'u 
twdn ch6, ^J ifr ^ p'lin' tiin' 'ch6. Pw'dn twin 
ch^;. 

Awarding, adjudging, ^ ^p tiin' k'ap,. Twdn kih, 
^Ws teng* ^kwai. Ting kwei. 

Aware, informed, ^^ij ^chi t6'. Chi t^u, ^% jChi 
tak,. Chi teh ; having previous knowledge of, ^ 
^ ii' ,chi. Yu chi, ^ ^ ,sin ^chi. Sien chl ; to 
be cautious, yj\ j^ 'siu ^sam. Sidu sin, ^ t^ sai' 
^sam. Si sin, |^ 'j^ 'kan shan'. Kin shin ; I wa« 
not aM'are of it, ^^.n^-^^lj ^go ,sin ^m clii tV. 
Wo sien puh chi tau, ^ ^^ ^ 'ngo ^sin pat, 
,chi. Wo sien puh chi ; I am aware of it, ^ ^ 
^ 'ngo chi chi. Wo chi chi ; I was aware of it, 

fWcti^v'Z^ s^i ki' "^ .^"Jii <^b^ '»• Yu ki i chi 
chi i ; are you aware ? i^^^^^ 'ni ,chi ,chi ^u. 
Nichichihii, f5;^P§ ^ 'ni ,chi ^m ,chi. Ni 
chi puh chi. 

Away, absent, pg- '^ ^m tsoi^ "^ ^ pat, tsoi*. Puh 
tsdi, PgO^lj^ ^m 'hai ch'ii' ; gone away, ^nfij hii' 
,14, ^ J hii' 'liu. K'ii lidu, W* ^ ch'ut, hu'. 
Ch'uh k'ii, ^ :^ hii' kwo'. K'ii kwo, ^ ttl i 
jhang ch'ut, hii'. Hang ch'uli k'ii, ^^^ 'tsau 
hii' Uivi. Tsau k'ii lidu, g|| ^ ^li hii'. Li k'ii ; go 
away ! -^ 11^ hii' lok,, ^ Rg hu' ,16 ; send away, 
^ i ki' hii'. Ki k'u, i^ ^ fii' hii'. Fu k'u ; to 
make away wdth, ^ |3 pM* 'wai. Pdi wei ; take 
away, ^^ ^ ^nim hii', i^ ^ tfii' hu'. Tdi k'ii ; 
carry away, ^B^ ,t&m hii'. Tdn k'ii ; move away, 
^i ,pun hii'. Pwdn k'ii, ^^ ,i hii'. I k'ii; to 
sail away, |^ ^ 'shai hii'. Shi k'ii ; move it a 
little away, 5^ ^H "p .i ,hoi 'hd ; to throw away, 
^^ 'tam hu', ^:gJ5i kik, chak^ hii'. Kih chih 
k'ii, i^^ p'ek, hii'. P'ih k'u. 

Awe, fear mingled with admiration, ^ ]^ ,wai ,fung. 
Wei fung, j^^ ,wai hi'. Wei k'i, J^^ wai shai'. 
Wei shi, ^-^ king' wai'. King wei ; fear, ^^ 
wai' kii'. Wei kii, ^^ ^keng ngok^. King ngoh ; 
awe-inspiring, j^ M. ^ ^ c^"^* S^^S '^^m 'lam. 
Wei fung lin lin, J§J;pf ^wai chan'. Wei chin, fg^ 
Ig ,wai jim. Wei yen ; awe-struck, >jf| ^ *lam 
lam. Liu lin, {||L^ ^lam 'lam. Lin lin, f^^ , sun 



lut,. Siun lih, 



wai' tdn'. Wei tdn. 



Awe, to strike with fear and reverence, ^ 
hdk . Wei hih. 



w&i 



Awed, struck with fear, -J 



wai' ku'. Wei kii, 



Award, to give by sentence, ^^ 'sham tiin'. Shin ' ^j^ftJIi^ ^wai hdk, kwo'. Wei hih kwo. 

twdn, ^\] llff p'liu' tiin'. Pw'an twdn, \^ ?JP tiin' \ Awful, that strikes Avith awe, ^ jjg ^wai ^im. Wei 

yon, j^ ^ ,im suk,. Yen suh, ^ jEg ,chong ,1m. 
Cliwimg yen, ij^jjgg ^tun ,im. Twdn you, p] P^u\ 



,kau. Twdn kiau, |^|o tiin' k'ap,. Twdn kih ; to 
assign by sentence, J^!^,|^ teng^^kwai. Ting kwei; 
to give retribution, ^[i ^ pi)' tdp,. Pu tdli. 
Award, a judgment, ipjj jiyf p'lin' tiin'. Pw'dn twdn, 
}^}^f^ kiit, tiin'. Kiueli twdn, ^|^ ^fan tiin'. Fan 
twdn ; the decision of arbitrators in a given case, 
Ig^f 'ch'ii tun'. Ch'ii twdn. 



■^ 'ho king' 'ho wai'. K'o king k'o wei ; august, 
_^_ ^ jUgai jUgai ,ii. Wu wii hii ; sublime, fff^ 
,ngdjn jUgdm. Ngiin ngdn ; terrible, ^-ft 'ho 

I wai'. K'o wei. 

I Awfully, in a manner to fill with awe, ^^ -^^ 




AWM 



Hi 



^ chan ^ho wai' 'ho ku^ Chin k'o wei k'o kii, 
^i&'lj,"'^ t,'it, '^t6ja ,sam ^hon. T'ieh tan sin hdn, 
jCi' ^ flB. !^ ^sam jkeng 'tdm chan'. Sin king tdn 
chin ; in a reverential manner, ^,^ suk, ^in. Suh 
jen ; awfullj'^ grand, ;Ac ^ tdi* ^tsoi. Td, tsdi, >^ 
^ tong^ tong^. Tdng tdng. 

Awhile, a space of time, ^ D^ tsam" ^shi. Tsan shl, 
>^B# p'in' ,shi. P'ien shi, ^ |?$ sdp, ,shi. Shah 
shi, — P]^ yat, 'hd. Yili hid, — [^ yat, chan\ Yih 
chin, ^ J^ yat, sik,. Yih sih, — J^ f^ yat, sik, 
,kan. Yih sih kien, — '^ yat, 'chiin. Yih chuen, 
— ^J yat, hdk,. Yih k'eh ; rest awhile, $M '^ IlK 
tun' chii' 'ha, i^ — ^ hit^ yat, hit . Hieh yih 
hieh, ^ Pl^ ^I "hit, 'ha k6uk,. Hieh hid kioh. 

Awkward, unhandy, Pn$f -^^ jHI 'ho 'shau shai'. 
[X^] Puh hku shau shi, pg ^f 4"- InX .^ 'l^o 's^au 
tiin-. "Wu hdu shau tw6,n, Jf>^^ pat, 'hb 'shau. 
Puh hdu shau; stupid, ^-^ pan' ^ngoi. Pinngai, 
^U pan^ 'tsai. Pin tsz, ^^ 'ch'un pan'. Ch'un 
pin, ;^ ^ ^ tai- pan'' ts^ung*. Tk pin sidng, ^ 
^ jii pan-. Yu pin, ^ ^ ^16 pan^ Lii pin, ^ 
^ pan^ ^'ai. Pin t'i, ^ ^ pan^ jShii. Pin shii ^ 
an aM'kward gait, ^^ ^^ kuk^ chuk^. Kiuh ehuh, 

'# tin .P'«i .^; P'ei li^^^. ^ # '^ ^ JliP W] 
jhang tak, tarn- tarn' k6uk, [^t'ai] ; coarse, ^^ ^ 

^ts'6 n6. Ts'u lu, ;gffg 16 tun^ Lu tun; an awk- 
ward situation, ^J P§- ^ ^ 'hb ^m ^on lok^. Hdu 
wu ngan loh, $ffeU.^ 'h6 ^m tsz' ^in. Hdu wu 
tsz jen. 

Awkwardly, in a rude manner, ^^ 15 'mong. Lu 
mdng, f|[ '^ ^ts'6 '15. Ts'u lii ; to sit awkwardly, 
g[ ^ Kin" tso\ Lwdn tso ; inelegantly, 1^ jjji ^ 
^ pat, lai ^chi y^ung^ Puh li chi ydng. 

Awkwardness, clumsiness, ^^^^ 'ch'un ^ngoi. Ch'un 
ngai, ^ ^ 'ch'un pan'. Ch'un pin, ^^ife 'ch'un 
tun'. Ch'im tun ; ungracefulness in manners, ^^ 
^ ,ts'5 tsuk,. Ts'u suh, ^ffl ^ ^ts'5 '15. Ts'u lu. 

Awl, an iron instrument for piercing small holes in 
leather, $^ ,chui. Chui, ^ tsui'. Tsui, |g ^cliiii. 
Chdu, ^ pai'. Pi. 

Awn, the heard of corn, ^ ^ kuk, ^ts'^ung. Kuh 
ts'idng, ^^ kuk, ^cham. Kuh chin. 

Awning, a cover of canvas, to shelter from the sun's 
says, ^ -^ ^t'in ^che. T'ien che, f fc jg it, ^che. 
Jeh ch6, ^ ijjg po' Cheung'. Pii chdng, ijjg ^ 
ch^ung' jWai. Chdng wei, Y/j >^-|' yik, jts'e. Yih 
si6 ; ditto one of bamboo, Yi^ chuk, /im. Chuh 
lien ; a stiff cover over Chinese boats, ^ jP'^^'^S- 
P'ungr Wi% jl6ung ,p'ang. Liang p'ang ; awning- 
maker, :^jj sP'ang ts6ung'. P'ang tsiang, :f|::^ 
gjlj-^ tdp, jp'ang ^sz fu'. Tdh p'ang sz fii. 

Awoke ^ 3;^ 'seng kwo'. Sing kwo, tT @i j^ 'td 
'seng kwo'. Ta sing kwo' ; see Awake. 

Aworking, at work, lE-^X;^ ching' ts5' ,kung /u. 
Ching tso kung f u ; in a state of action, jI:tTl|& 
cliing* jhang tung^ Ching hang tung, IE ^(J ^ 
ching' yuk, tung^. Ching yuh tung. 

Awry, not straight, ^ 'm6, ^ ^ ^wdi 'm6, Jf. ][£ 
pat, ching'. Puh ching, ^ ,ts'6. Si6, ^{ ^ts'6. Sid, 



fl jUgo. Ngo, ^1 ,pi. Pi ; to look awry, ^ ju| 
jts'e shi^ Sie shi, ^ jfjl 'ngai shi'. I shi ; to go 
awry, ^f^'l^JiB'J:^' s^^^ig tak, chak, chak, ^shan. 
Hang tell tseh tsch shin, ^'f ^^ ^ts'e jhang. Si6 
hang ; to talk awry, §[,1^ liin^ 'kong. Lwdn kiang, 
^1^ mau- shiit,. Miii shwoh, i^'^'X^^ tdi^ ^ 
pat, jts'dm. Td yen puh ts'dn. 
Ax, I ^ 'fii. Ed, ^ If 'fii ,t'au. Pii t'au, ^ ^ 
Axe, j 'fii iit^. Pii yueh, |fe^^ ^fu lit^. Fii yueh, ^ 
^kan. Kin, i^ ts'ik,. Ts'ih, ^ chat,. Chih ; a but- 
Cher's ax, ^^Jf^Tj ft'oDg ^chii^tb. T'angchii tdu, 
^ 77 ct'5 ^to, ^^ jCh'ui. Ch'ui ; ancient axes, ^* 



^ ^5 ,15. -Lau 111, ^1^ >z ^pi. Tsz pi. 

Ax-head ^gj 'fii ,t'au. Fii t'au. 

Ax-helve, the handle of an ax, ^ n^ :j'^ 'fii ,t'au 
peng'. Fii t'au ping, ^^ 'fii ^o. Fii 0. 

Axilla, armpit, |[^ f^j) ]v^ kak, Idlc^ 'tai. Keh leh tf, 
^ l^ 'chau yatj. Cliau yih, 1% "[^ yat^ hd'. Yih 
hid. 

Axillar, ") pertaining to the armpit, ^^j- ^ ^^ 'chau 

Axillary, J yat^ tile,. Chau yih tih, ^ ^ P^ 'chau 
yat, \e, l^'f; yat, hd'. Yih hid. 

Axiom, a self-evident truth, lij ,^ :^ ^ tsz' ^in ,chl 
li. Tsz jen chi li, ^ B^ ;^ -g tsz' ^ming ,chi t5^ 
Tsz ming chi tdu, Z^^ ^ 'i^^ pat, yik, ^chi lun'. 
Puh yih chi lun, ;f: ^ ;t Jl pat, yik, ,chi li. 
Puh yih chi li, fif M J^ fjn it Vi)\ pin^ ,m5 1 ,kd 
jk'i jming. Pien wii i kid k'i ming, jM ^ ^ ^ 
^t'ung jhang ^chi ^ii. T'ung hang chi yii, -^ ^ 
'kii -u. Kii yu, -ji" ^ shai' 'ii. Shi yii. 

Axiomatic, ) having the nature of self-evident 

Axiomatical, j truths, @ ,^ :^ M '^^^ tsz' ^in ^chi li 
ke', il^^^il^fi^J tsz^ ,iu ^chi li tik,. Tsz jen chi 
li tih, P g,^;^Ji ,kwan tsz' ^in ,chi li. Kwkn 
tsz jen chi li,' -^ ^ |^^ 'kii 'ii tik,. Kii yu tih. 

Axiomatically g fji Hfij }^^ tsz* ^in ^i ^in. Tsz jen rh 
jen. 

Axis 1^ jCh'ii. Ch'ii; the axis of the world (the pole 
star), %^ ,t'in jCh'u. T'ien ch'ii; axle, ||j) chuk. 
Chuh ; the axis of the earth, ^ gg chik^ ku' 
Chih kii. 

Axis, the spotted deer, ^ ^ J^ ,kam jts'in luk,. 
Kin ts'ien luh. 

Axle f|l) chuk,. Chuh, fj^ ch6uk,. Choh, |g fuk,. 
Fuh, 1^ lukj. Luh, ^ 'kwai. Kwei ; an iron dit- 
to, Ifij 't'ong. T'dng ; poles of the axle, |^ wai*. 
Wei ; axle-cheeks, |^ puk^. Puh ; axle-tree, ^ 
chukj. Chuh. 

Ay, ^ a word expressing assent, -f^ hai'. Hi, ^ 

Aye, ] jin. jen, ^ shf. Shi, pf 'wai. Wei, ^ nok^. 
Noh, ^ chduk,. Choh. 

Aye, alway, *^ ^shcJung, Chdng, '[f. jhang. Hang; 
for aye, fbr ever, ^ ^|J 'wing pit,. Yung pieh. 

Azalea Indica ;|tt |j| f^ tb^ .kiin ^ik. Tu kiuen 
hwd. 

Azimuth, an arch of the horizon intercepted between 
the meridian of the place and the azimuth, or 
vertical, passing through the centre of any object, 



i' 



kto 



{Hi) 



MAS 



Sing wd shi kwo king sien chi 

.p'6,k'iu. 



sin' ,chi ch'u' 

cb'u. 
Azolla, (luck-weed, ^ jP'ing. P'ing, 

P'li k'idu. 
Azote, nitrogen, /^ ^ * tdm' hi'. Tdn k'i, ^ 

kukjhi'. Kiuhk'i. 
Azotic, pertaining to azote, ^^ ^ |({{| t6m' hi' tik . 

Ikn k'i tih, ^^ ^ P|E tdm^ hi' W. 
Azure, the fine blue color of the sky, ^ ^ts'eng. 

Ts'ing, ^ ^ts'ong. Ts'dng.; a light blue.'^^ ^ 

tdm* ^ts'eng. Tan ts'ing, ^ H 'ts'in ,ts'eng. Ts'ien 

• Hobson ^ mmm^mm:=^Ux^^zn 



ts'ing, ^ ^p'id. P'idu ; a deep azure or blue, ^ 
,tsau. Tsau, ^ kam'. Kin, §^ .ts'ung. Ts'ung ; 
a mixture of azure and yellow, ^^ ,seung ,p'iu. 
Sidng p'idu; the azure heaven, ^^ .ts'ong ^t'in. 
Ts'dng t'ien, || % ^ts'eng ,t'in. Ts'ing t'ien; 
azure sea (^Ko-ko-nor), ^ j^ ,Ts'eng 'hoi. Ts'ing 
hdi ; azure blue, ^ || t'in .ts'eng. T'ien ts'ing. 

Azymite, a term applied to christians who adminis- 
ter the eucharist with unleavened bread, ^cK'Pi 
M#^MB?#^M 't«'« jan sink, ^mdn ,ts'au 
pat, yung^ kdu' 'm6 chi 'peng. Ts'z jin sbih wan 
ts'in pub yung kidu mu chi ping. 

Azymous, unleavened, ^gf;f^('({| ^m^ kdu' hn6 tik,. 
Wu kiiu rau tih, )^ tkm'. Tdn. 



B 



BTHE second letter of the Engl, alphabet, ^^ 
^- # ^ z: ^ Ying wA^ tsz^ ^m5 tai' 1' ts?/. 
g Ying hwd tsz mii ti rh tsz ; B. A., Bachelor 
of^arts, ^ yf sau' ^ts'oi. Siu ts'ii ; Bt., Bart., 
Baronet, %'^ ^nam ts6uk,. Ndn tsioh ; B C, be- 
fore Clu'ist, IfPM#|li:<:igo Je^sukong' shai' 
_chi jts'in. Y6 sii kiiing shi chi ts'ien ; Bp., Bi- 
shop, ^ i{i |jj5 kdm' muk^.^sz. Kien muh sz ; B. 
v., blessed virgin, ^ p^ ^ shing' ,ching ^nii. 
Shing ching nii. 

Baa, the bleating of sheep, ^ /^ H^ ^ J^ung ^chi 
,m6 ^shing. Ydng chi m6 shing, ^ P^ R^ ^ 
,y6ung k6' ^m^ ,shing. 

Baal, name of an idol * , ^ ^^ sp'" sit^ ^meng. 
P'u sail ming. 

Babble, to talk idly or iiTationally, ^ ^^ "g^P, 
ngkm', ^HUSP-H "gap, .sfim ngap, sz", ^ H ^ 
|ll| jin Slim 'il sz'. Yen siln y\'i sz, |^ gft ^ fiit 
ngap, ,fung, f$ 1^. 't^ fat, ,tin ^shiu, ^ „^ ^^ fat! 
ngdm' wd\ j^^ ^<i shiit,. liu sliwoh, ^ ^ 
'mong ,in. Wdng yen, flL pff R^ liin^ k6m' ngap,. 
gl, gg- liin' *u. Lwdn yii ; to utter words indis- 
tinctly, as children, t# |)^ ^i i. f i, Pf ^ ^nga 
,ngd ; noisy talk, Pf pj^ ,t8'6 'cb'au. Ts'du eh an, 
Pt Pf ,hun ,wd. Uiuen hwd, Wi^^^ ]^^ ,p6 
.t8'6, ^ py Uf^ ,bu k6m' ,ts'6, Iftlh Ilrth pf^ ^ts'6 ,ts'6 
pai'. Ts'au ts'du pi, U^ ||g eh Up, cb'o. Ch'dh 
ts'ii ; to tell secrets, j^ ^ ^sho iti. Su yen, ^ 
21 8z' sit,. Sz sieb, ^^m s/.' sit, lau', ^||^ 
t^ sit, 16' sz' ^ts'ing. Sieb lii sz ts'ing, J^j^ttM 
,8bo sit, sz' ,fung. Su sieb sz fung, ^ -jj^ ^ g^ 
'tsau lau' siii sik. Tsau lau siAu sib. 



• 1. Book of Uio lungs chapt. 


16, 81. 


do. do. do. 


18, 26. & 27 


do. do. do. 


L'2. 54 


2. do. do. do. 


3, 2. 



Babble, idle talk, |[^ liin' wA\ Lwan bwd, j^^ 
,u shut,. IIu sbwob. 

Babbler, an idh- talker, ^P ;^ A M^ 'I'au ,cbi jan. 
To k'au chi jin, ;^ p^ tai' 'tsui. Ta tsui, ^ ^ 
,kw'a ikW Kw'd td ; ditto a woman, i^ igg ^ 
hong' 'tsung jj'o. ITidng tsung p'o ; ditto a man, 
'M.'i^%^ t'ung ^kai p6 'cbeung. T'ung kidi 
pdu cbdng. 

Babbling, talking idle. 5^|@ ngap ngrini\ ^ H 5K 
PH ngap, ^sdm ngap, sz'. 

Babbling, loquacity, 0^ fl® [^ (life bin Jun chun 
,cbun, ^ Pl^ kap, 'bau Jing. Kib k'au ling, ^ 

P ^ S" J^^P, ha" '^ap, shit^. KJh k'au kib shoh. 

^ .|')t tsui fai'. Tsui kw'di. 
Babe, an infant, ^ ft^ * a' ,su. A su, ^ f|^ su 

•tsai. Su [f-] tszrrail Itli; fF sjii' man' 'tsai. jgf 

jing. Ying; a male babe, jj^ff H'ai 'tsai. T'i ts^ ; 

a female ditto. )^ ,ying. Ying. ^ ^ d' ,mui. A 

nn'i. fi» ^ fF a' ,'in" tsai. A mei tsz. |j|^ f^ su 

'tsai. Su tsz. ^ ^ {C ,ngun ; young ebildreu of 

both sexes, ^^ |£ ying ,i. Ying rh, ^% ,hoi ^i. 

Hdi rh, i^ .1. Rh. ^ ^ i ,i. f rh, ^ ^ M ^f. 

Ju rh. ^ff niin' 't«ai. 
Babel, name of an ancient city, S irfc fj&^^ Pd 

pilun ,shing ,nieng. Pdpllim ebing ming. 
Babel, confusion, j^ lun'. J^wdn, j^ ^^ lun' wm'. 

Lwdn bwd. ^^ liin' sbiif . Lwdn shwoh. 
Habisb, childish, ^u ^ ff- ^ ^ ,ii nun' 't^ii 'k6m 

yt^ung', ^^%ZU ts'z ,hoi ,i ^chi yc^ung'. 

Sz hdi rh chi yang, IJg A Pa ^ iin tAi' ^m sai'. 

Pub td pub si. f^. i^ (f 0^ bai' niin' 't«ai k*^'. 
Babishiu^s fjfjJcKff-Bl^tff ^Sf ^ai' niin' t.sai k6' ^hang 

jW«i, ^\{^ ^ZVrlk '»«'^ *»!'»' ,« »•>'{ ,»i«nif .«ai. 

Sz hdi t-h chi hang wri. 



Dengiuttion for Uibiot of the aj^ of one month. 



BA'B 



(126) 



BAG 



Baboon, several large species of monkeys with short I 
tails, ^^^^ tdi- jhau lui". Ta hau lui, ^^ 5| 1 
;^ J^ 'kau jt'au ^chi ^hau. Kau t'au chi hau, |Jj 
^ (?) ,shdn siu'. Shan sidu. 

Baby, an infant or young child of either sex, ^ |^ 
A' ^su. A sii, H ff ,su 'tsai. Sii tsz, |{I) ^ ff 
sai' ^man 'tsai ; babies male and female, ^ ^ 
,ying ^hoi. Ying- hai ; to feed a baby, P|| ff wai' 
'tsai, #^ PJI f? pi 'ii wai' ^tsai, # fL f? :^ 'pi 
'ii 'tsai shik,. Pi jii tsz shih ; a doll, ^ 'j'-p ,kung 
'tsai. Kung tsz. 

Babyhood ^fl|H# sai' ^shi. Si shi, ^ l^g .^ fl$ 'shau 
y6 ^chl ^shi. Shau p'au chi shi, 4-^t^a# 'shau 
^'6 ko' jshi. Shau p'au ko shi, ^^y^Q^ yam 
'ii ko' jShi. Yin ju ko shi. 

Babyhouse, a liouse for children's dolls and babies, 
f^^ jShan ^6m Shin ngan. 

Babyish, like a baby, '^^^ "ts'z ,ying ^i. Sz ying 
rh, ^ ^ 1^ l!j|i[ ^ -ts'z jing ^i 'kom y6ung^. Sz 
ying rh kan yang. 

Babylonian, an inhabitant of Babylon, Q J;[j ^i^ ^ 
Papilun jan. Papilun jin, GirtfifflP^A Bapilun 
k6' jan ;" pertaining to Babylon, g, j:(j ^^p^ Pa- 
pilun k6', ISJ:li^fi^ Papilun tik,. Pdpilun tih; 
Babylonian captivity, ® AAfJ^Gi^B^iM^^ 
;^ ^ Y'autai jan pi- Papilun ^wong '16 leuk, 
^chi ch'ing. Yiita jin pi Papilun wdng lu lioli 
chi ch'ing. 

Babyroussa, the Indian hog, ^ ^ ^ ^6 chii 
^meng. Ye ciui ming, ^ (?) ^ki. Ki. 

Bac, I a feriy-boat, ^;^i}^ c^^aug 'shui to-. Himg 

Back, ) shvvm tti ; a large tub or vessel used for 
holding liquors, Affi tdi' 't'ung. Td t'ung, AvS 
ij^ tai" 'tsau 't'ung. IVi tsiil t'ung. 

Baccased, set or adorned with pearls, ^i^ 30 ^ 
^s6ung kwo' ^chan ^chii. Siang kwo (diin chu, :^ 
f^^M?^ Van ,chan ^chii ^s^ung kwo'. Yu chin 
chu siang kwo. 

Bacchanal, | one who indulges in drunken revels. 

Bacchanalian, ) yg f^Ij 'tsau ^sin. Tsiii sien, ^ ^ 
'tsau ^t'6. Tsiu t'li, ^ vi f^ lan^ 'tsau '15. Mn 
tsiu lau, @$^ tsui' jung. Tsui ung, g^ |g tsui' 
,mau. Tsui man. 



1 



reveling in intemperate drinking, 
]yg nik 'tsau. Nili tsiu. 



Bacchanal, 

Bacchanalian, 

Bacchanals, | drunken feasts, fjf^ ch'^ung' ^yam. 

Bacchanalia, ) Ch'ang yin ; feasts in honor of Bac- 
chus • , ^± J^ 15 to- ^hong tsit,. Tu kdng tsieh. 

Bacchic, jovial, A'fey^ tdi' fai' ut,. Td kw'di kw'oh, 
^ ^ 0^ -mb jau -yd ; drunken, @^ tsm\ Tsui, 
S$|^ tsui' ^mau. Tsui mdvi. 

Bacchus, the God of wine, yg jjjlp ;g 'tsau shan 
,meng. Tsiu shin ming ; the name of the Chinese 
Bacchus is ^^ th^ J^ong. Tii kang. 

Bachelor, an unmarried man, ^^^ mi' ts'ii'^ch^. 
Wi ts'ii ch^., IS. :§' ff <tan ^shan 'tsai. Tan shin 

• The Cliinese worship >PtJ^j their Bacchus, but have selJom 
such revpling feasts and proceBsions in hia honor as the an- 
cients had in honor of B. 



tsz, ^ ^ ^f^ ^tdn jShan 'kwa 'tsai. Tdn shin 
kwa tsz, ^ ^kwan. Kwan, ^^ ^kwdn /u. Kwan 
fii, % ^ 'kwa '15. Kwa lau, ^ ^ 'kwd ,kung. 
Kwa kung, H^ ,tan ^kung. Tdn kung, ^1^^ 
t'uk^ jt'au jkung. T'uh t'au kung ; a Bachelor of 
arts, ^^ sau' ^ts'oi. Siu ts'ai, /^ ^ ^shang iin. 
Sang yuen, 5^^ jman ^shang. Wan sang, ^^ 
jts'eung ^shang. Ts'iang sang 5 a competitor for 
the B. degree, ^^ ^nian jt'ung. Wan t'lmg, ^ 
4^ jt'ung ^shang. T'ung sang. 

Bachelor's button, gomplu'ena globosa, ^ ^J pdk^ 
yatj jhung. Peh jih hung, :JkM^^ "nii s^^u ts'oi'. 
Nil lau ts'ai, ^ ^ ^' man' shau' kuk,. Wdn 
shau kiuh. 

Back, the upper part of an animal, "^ pui'. Pei ; 
the back of a man, "^ pui'. Pei, "^^ pui' tsek^. 
Pei tsih; the back bone, "^^'pj* piii'tsek, kwat,. 
Pei tsih kuh, ^ ^ 'lu tsek,. Lii tsih, ^g •^ 'lii 
kwat,. Lii kuh, #^p 'i* tsek, 'lii kwat,. Tsih lu 
kuh ; the muscles of the back, ^ "^ ^fui pui'. 
Hwui pei, "^^JX P^^' S^- ^^^ hwui; the vertebral 
bones, ^ 'W M P^i' ^wat, tsit,. Pei kuh tsieh, 
^S^ tsek, ^mau. Tsih mau ; back to back, p^f^'^f* 
'lai piii', tk§i^ P^i' ^^^i' P^'- ^^i tiii pei, :;jiyff 
^s^ung pui'. Siang pei ; a pig-back, ^ "^ liin 
pui'. Linen pei, i'j^'^ jt'o pui'. T'o pei ; a saddle 
back, ^"^ 'fan piii'. Pan pei; to turn one's back 
on one, )^rfn^t$ s^igai <i pat, jCh'i. Wei rh puh 
ch'i, ^^^^ tso- shi^ pat^ kau'. Tso shi puh 
kiu, 1^ ^ ^ ^ tsau- 'shau sp'ong ^kun. Siu 
shau p'dng kwan, 'ij^sM^ tiii' ^t'au ^hang. Tiau 
t'au hang, $J^ 5J ^ tiu' ^t'au hii', pg jf ^ ^m 
niui^ Puh li hwui, ^SSIfi^itr^' 'k'i^shing 
jlau 't'ai Tna 'ta ^kau. K'i ching lau t'i md tk 
kidu ; to beat one back and belly, ^ ^|J ^J-^ |^ 
'td, t5' 'ho ^kdu ^kwan. Ta, tau hau kiau kwdn, 
ty^^l^f^MM 'ta t5' 'sz k5m' ,ts'ai ^leung. Tk 
tau sz kdn ts'i liang ; to break one's back, •^ \ 
tt -^ jSh6ung jyan sing' meng^. Shdng jin sing 
ming, ^ A ^ ^ ^^^' J^^ t^^i^^o s°ieng. Hwai 
jin shing ming, ^Xnf.l^ pdi^ jan ^shing ^eng. 
Pai jin shing ming ; the back part, ^ ^ pui' 
hau'. Pei hau; the back part of the neck, j^ 
hong^. Hidng, ^ 'keng. King ; the back door, 
^ P^ hau^ ^mun. Hau mun ; the back of the 
hand, ^ ^ 'shau pui'. Shau pei; the back of 
the knife, J] "^ ^t5 pui'. Tau pei ; a back apart- 



ment, ^1 



hau 



,fong. 



Hau fang. 



mi 



jfong. Wi fdng, ^ ^ hau' shat,. Hau shih ; to 
turn the back to one, |^> ^ ^ S J^^^ shing' ^ii 
'ki. Jin shing yii ki, M4H^a§^ yan^ Vix 'hb 
kwo' ^ngo. Jin k'ii h&,u kwo wo, "fe^i^^ ^k'il 
jyeng kwo' Tigo. K'ii ying kwo wo ; behind the 
back, ^'^^ m "^"o' chiin' pui' 'kong. Ning 
chucn pei kiang, ff* ^ ^ V^' ^^^" i^- B^i hau 
yen, il ^ ^^ # t'lii^ ^yau hau' ^in. T'ui yii 
M- ^ c^^ ^^^'^ 'kong k'apj. Sz 
back wall, ^ ^p'ui. Pei, ^ 
Hau ts'iang; to turn the back 



hau yen, ^ ]> . 
hia kiang kill ; a 
hau' jts'6ung. 



iJat! 

m 



6AC 



(1^6) 



feAC 



on, ^ ptii'. Pci, ^ ^ .s6ung ptii'. Sidng pei; 
to carry on the back, j^ I'li^ ¥u, ^ ^ p<ii' 
fu^ Pci fii, §f ^md ; to carry a child on the 
back or pickapack, ^ ff ^m6 'tsai ; to cast 
behind the back, to forget and forgive. 



^ i^ 



tw'at, *ng tslt^. Ydu kuh wd tsieh. 
Backboxcs, the boxes on the top of the upper ca«e 
of tj'pes, containing small capitals, ::A;^_t.R§ t6i* 
tsz' shdung* kfik,. Td tsz shdng keh. 
Backdoor ^P^ liau' ^mun. Hau mun. 
^ ^ pat, nim* kau* ok,. Pub nicn kiii ngolT; j Backed, mounted, ^ 'i^ jSbing kwo'. Ching two ; 
to treat witli contempt, ^ H, ^mii'i sbi'. Midu having on the back, ^ fu^ Fii ; supported by 

aid, $$]!j})'^ fu' cho* kwo', Fu tsu kwo ; moved 
backward, jgi§_ t'lii' kwo'. T'6i kwo. 
Backer, one who backs or supports another in a 
contest, %{^ ,Vong *shau. Pdng shau, ^ ^ kd* 
jl6ung. Kid lidng. 
Backgammon, a game played by two persons, upon 
a table, with box and dice, ^^ jngb shik,. Ngau 



shI, H 1^ ,heng shi'. K'ing shi ; to go back, ^ 
,kwai. Kwei, ^ ^ hii' ,kwai. K'u kwei, |^ ^ 
,fdn ^kwai. Pan kwei, -^ ^ ^siin ,kwai. Siuen 
kwei, ^ -^ 15 'fan hii' ^kwai. Fdn k'ii kwei, (gj 
-^ jiii hu'. Hwui k'u, (gj ^ jiii ,kwai. Hwoii 
kwei, ^ t'l'ii'. T'ui, ^ (Ej chiin' ^ui. Chuen 
hwui; two years back, t^^^ jts'ln 'Idung ^nin. 
Ts'ien lidng nicn ; a pull back, |5fl. J^ 'cho chai^ 
Tsu chi, ;fH-f||^ ,tdm kok,. Tdn koh ; to come back, 
^ ^ ,ftm ;oi. Fdn Idi, %^ ^ ,kwai ,loi. Kwei 
Idi, ^ ^ fuk^ ^loi. Fuh Idi ; to give back, # ^ 
'pi ,fdTi. Pi fdn, ^j-g ^kdu ^wdn. Kidu hwdn ; to 
look back, fgj |p| ^ui shi'. Hwui shi, fgj ^ ^ui 
kii'. Hwui ku; to plow the back, |^^ lak^ sok,. 
Leh sob ; to bow the back, ^ ^^ wat, fuk^. K'iuh 
fuh, ^ff/t '^^P, its'ung. Hieli ts'ung ; to back out, 
^ P 'fan 'hau. Fdn k'au ; put it Wk, :^^j^ 
(ihui ^fdn ch'ii' ; to go back and forth, ^4^ ^ 
Vong jloi. Wang Idi, fi^ 'wong 'fdn. Wdng 
fdn. ^ 

Back, to mount a hoi-se, -^ ,0| jShing hnA. Cliing 
md 5 to place upon the back, ^ f S ^? ^ ,V^^S 
^k'u ja6 'hi ; to back one, ^^ ,fu cho'. Fd tsii, 
f^ ^ cho^ chii*. Tsii chii, f^ jPong. Pdng ; to 
back one's \nshcs, ^}\)^^ cho* ^yan jShing sz^ 
Tsu jin ching sz, Ij/j ^ |^ ,'^ cho* sShing 'mi i\ 
Tsu ching mei i, ^ ^;^^ jSbing ^yan ^chi 'ml. 
Ching jin chl mei ; to put back, 1^5^ chiin' ^t'au. 
Chuen t'au ; ditto as a sliip, .^l^^i^^ *shai ^f^-n 
chiin' jt'au. Shi fdn chuen t'au ; to back a war- 
rant, ^ ^ ^j # ^ ;g tsoi* ^nd p'id' piii' ,ts'im 
^raeng. Tsfei nd p'idu pei ts'ien ming ; to back the 
oars, ^^ ch&u' 'fdn. Chdu fdn. 

Backbite, to slander, gjj: ^ 'fi p'ong'. Fi p'dng, |§5 
^ 'wai p'ong'. Wei p'dng, ffl^^ 'tai Svai. Tl wei, 
. illj ^ shdn' p'ong'. Shdn p'dng, #^|| A P^' 
ban' md'jan. Poi liaumd jin, jf^fi'i^^L'^ c^^ '^^ 
chau' mdS ff ^ :fj^ ^ pui' hau* ,t'iu lung*. Pei 
liau t'idu lung, g^ \ p^- ^ 'kong jan ^m 'h6. 
Kidng jin pub hdu, Q^ |^ ^tsiin tdp,. Tsun t&h, 
" \ ch'ara* Jan. Tsin jin, []^ X "^Pi i^a^- 



Nich Jin, ^ ,ts'dm. (^h'dn, ^g A >f^ ^ t5* jan 
pftt shi'. Tau jin pub shi, ^ X ^& ll^ tV ^yan 
'tiifi ch'ii'. Tdu jin twdn ch'd. 

jan. 



sih> *^ijxi=- s'" .t'au 'tsz. 



ts'dm 



Backbiter, obe t^ ho shuidcvors, p^ /^ ^ 
Ch'An jin, ^\ ch'ani' jan. Tsin jin. 

Backbiting, the act of sland(u'ing the absent, ^^ ^ 
'ft p'ong'. Fi p'ing. 

Backbone, the spine, 'ff i{f pui' <sok . Pci tsih, |3 
^ 'lu tsok,. liii Isih ; dnreal vertebrae, ^ ^ "^ 
-f- Zl lii pui' tsek, kwat^ shap, i' tslt,. Pei tsih 
kuh shih rh tsioh j lumbar ditto, ]^ # i US ^i^i 



^ wd' 



Background, a ground in the rear, |^ ^ 
jChi 'iin 'king. Hwd chl yuen king. 

Backliouse, a necessary, p] ts'z'. Ts'z. 

Backing, mounting, ^ jShing. Ching ; moving back, 
i^^ t'ui' hau'. T'lii hau, ^ ^ Van' hau'. T'un 
hau, ^ f^ 't5 fan'. Tdu t'uu ; seconding, ^ 
cho'. Tsd, H ^J fii' cho'. Fii tsii, ^ D ,pong 
'hau. Pdng k'au, |)!|0P^ cho* M 'hau lik,. Tsd 
1 k'au lib. 

Backing up, stopping a ball or driving it back, ^^ 
Mi 'td 'fdn kwo' hii'. Td fdn k-wo k'u, tl^^ 
RM^'t^ ko' ,k'au 'iifm kwo' hii'. Td ko k'iu 
fan kwo k'ii. 

Backpiece, the armor which covers the back, "^ fjj^ 
pui' 'hoi. Pci k'di, ff-fp pui' kdp,. Pei kidh. 

Backroom ^j^- hau' jfong. Hau fdng. 

Backs, sole-leather, J^^ hau' ^p'i. Hau p'i. 

Backside, the back part of any thing, ^ ^ hau* 
,pin. Hau pien, ^ ^ pui' hau*. Pei hau, ^ -jg^ 
'ti'm chak,. Fdn iseh ; the hind part of an animal, 
i^ ^ hau' jt'iin. Hau t'un ; the place behind a 
house, J^^ uk hau'. Uh hau, M^Mli ^^^, ^au' 
ti*. Uh hau ti. 

Backslide, to apostatize, "^ ^ piii' kku'. Pei kidu, 
^ ^ 'fdn kdu'. Fdn kidu, ^ 'j^ piii' sun'. Pei 
sin. 

Backslider ^f^^ piii' kdu' 'ch6. Pei kidu ch6, ^ 
^-^ 'fdn kdu' 'che. Fdn kidu ch<^. 

Backsliding, a falling insensibly from religion into 
sin • , pg^lp hdm*,iitsui'.'Hien yii ts'iii, |^|^ 
^ hdm' ,ii ok,. Hicn yu ngoh, "^ ^ piii' kdu'. 
Pei kidu. 

Bdckstaff, a quadrant, 3tB/ y^^i «hang- Yuh hang. 

Backstaii-s, .staire in tiic back part, of a house, ^^ 
^ hau' ,lau ,t'ai. Hau lau t'i, an indirect way, 
D^ ^^ j)'in ,mun. P'ien muu ; to enter by a pri- 
vate door, to obtain one's end by unfair means, 
ii^ PI §^ St <P'^" i»"»i" f«it, ,ta'oi. P'ieu mun fdh 
ts'ai. 

Backstays J^ ||| J^vai 1dm*. Wei Idn. 

Backstitch :fn^ k'au',chatn. K'au chin, ^^^H^l- 
p6' p6' k'au' ^cham. Pii pii k'au chin, i^ ^ch'ii. Chu. 

Backsword, a sword witli one sharp edge, ^J P $!j 



• Jer. 6,6. 



BAG 



(127) 



BAD 



II' 'hau kim'. Li k'au kien, ^ p ^|J ^tan 'hau 
klm'. Tdn k'au kien. 

Back-tools, book-binder's stamps &c., ||§ luk^. Luh, 
EP ^ li yan' /a luk,. Yin hwa luh, ^'^ ffj 
ndt^ tsz- yan'. Nuh tsz yin. 

Backward, backwards, to move backwards, jg_ ^"j 
t'ui' jbang. T'ui hang, '^J 'ff 'to ,hang. Tau hang, 
'^ Sl ff '^^ ^'a^' t^ia^ig- TAu t'un hang ; towards 
the back, [n] ^ heung' hau'. Hidng hau, ^ ^ 
heung' pui'. Hi&ng pei ; to throw the arm bak- 
ward, ^^ 'fan pi'. Fan pi : towards past times, 
(hJ 0fj H$ h<^ung* jts'in jShl. Hiang ts'ien shi, fnj fi 
8^ h^ung' Vong ^shi. Hiang wdng shi ; to go 
backwards, (locaUter), i^^ t'ui' hau'. T'ui hau; 
ditto in one's circumstances, ^ ^^ t'ui' ^ts'oi. 
T'ui ts'ai, f^Pg-lf ts5^ ,m ^ts'in, |^^i^|^"t'a^ 
^fdn chiin' ^t'au. T'un fan chuen t'au, ^i^^:§; 
,k4 wan' ^tong ^shui. Kia yun tang shwdi ; to 
decline, ^ shui. Shwdi ; backwards and forwards, 
•g jg. tsun' t'ui'. Tsun t'ui, ^ ^ 'fan fuk,. Fan 
fuh, 1^ .p lok, yik,. Loh yih, :^ ^ "wong ,loi. 
Wdng lai ; to be driven backwards, fjy^ 'ta t'lii'. 
Td t'ui, y^ ^ t'lii' pdi^ T'ui pdi; to coimt back-' 
wards, jgj^ ^wan ,un. Hudn yuen. 

Backward, averse to, p§- '^ ^m oi'. Wu ngdi, pg- ^ 



ja lok,. Wu loh, pg 



C3 



,m 'hi fun. Wu hi 



hwan, P§>^ ^m 'sdung. Wu sidng, 7^^ pat, oi'. 
Puh ngdi, Jf^ ^ pat, lok^. Puh loh, >j^ ^ P^t, 
yuk,. Puh yuh, iff ,Im. Hicn, J^ Im'. Yen, ^ 
5^, im' u'. Yen wu, 'fg- ^^ ^tsang li'. Tsang wii ; 
hesitating, ^|^ .im ^i. Hien i ; slow, ^.'|^ ^yau 
no'. Jau no, i\jc ^ ,shau jau. Shau jau, jg \^ 
oh'i mdn'. Ch'i man ; late, behind in time, j^|§ 
jCh'i man- ; dull, ^^ ^11 'ch'un. Yii ch'un, :f|ij7j- 
chiit, jts'oi. Chueh ts'di. 

Backwardly, unwillingly, )^ ^ Im' ^in. Yen jen, 
p2- f|? ^ ,m ^chung i'. Wu chiing i ; perversely, 
1^1^;^^ 'kwai cha' ^chi y^img^. Kwei chd chi 
ydng. 

Backwardness, reluctance, ^ ^ Im' li'. Yen wu ; 
dilatoriousness, f^ |'^ "l^n to\ Ldn to. 

Bacon, the sides and belly of a swine, ||^^§^ jham 
^chii Urn. Hien chu ldn, ^^|]f Idp, ^chii ^dm. 
Ldh chd ldn, ^ % |f| ,Im ^chli -1dm. Yen chii 
ldn ; a flitch of bacon, — "^ 1^^ ^ If yat, .fong 
Idpj jChii 'Idm. Yih fdng ldh chu ldn ; a gammon 
of bacon, g^ ^ ^im 't'lii. Yen t'ui ; a slice of ba- 
con, — ^l^^jl^ yat, p'in' jhdm ^chu 4am. Yih 
p'ien hien chu ldn ; to save one's bacon, "^f^^ 
^ 'hb 'ts'oi lat, ^shan. Hdu ts'di lih shin, -^ jjflj 
:ff^ hang' / tak. t'iit,. Hang rh teh t'oh, ff)^ 
jB.^ tak, t'iit, ^mo hoi'. Teh t'oh wu hdi. 

Bad ^ ok,. Ngoh, ^ ^ pat, shin'. Puh shen, ^ 
^ pat^ 'h6. Puh hdu, |2(| ^, ^hung ok,. Hiung 
ngoh, 7] 1^, ,tiu ok,. Tidii ngoh, ^ 'tdi. Tdi, ^ 
^ ok, tukj. Ngoh tub, /J^ ^tiu tuk^. Tidutuh, 
/) jj^ ^tiu jWdn. Tidu hwdn, 3|B ^ ,kwdi lui'. 
Kwdi li, 3}B ^ ,kwdi p'ik,. Kwai p'ih, ^ paP. 
Pi, ^ pai'. Pi, ^M ^K Pai'- Ngoh pi, ^ wdi\ 



Hwai, ^ok,. Ngoh, ^ sam', |ff Sni. Mi; to 
keep bad hours, ^"fs^'^ ^^' t^iang y6' 16'. Hdu 
hang ye lu ; bad fortune, ~^ ^ pat^ kat,. Puh 
kih, jf. jji^ pat, jts'eung. Puh ts'idng, ^ |S ^fi 
fuk,. Pi fuh, ^ ^ pat, hang^. Puh hang, ~^ 
■^\] pat, li'. Pull li, ^ ^ c^i^^S meng-. Hiung 
ming, ^"Hp 'fu meng'. K'u ming, ^•^ 'sz men^. 
Sz ming, ft|^ pok, meng'. Fob ming ; reading is 
bad for the eyes, p^^BR tuk> wdi' 'ngdn. Tvih hwdi 
yen, ij§:^il^ tukj ,shxi war 'ngdn. Tub shii hwdi 
yen ; it is very bad with him, jS^^ ^k'i chung' 
peng-. K'i chung ping, ^ ^ peng^ chung'. Ping 
chung ; a bad man, ^ ^ ok, jyan. Ngoh jin, ^ 
A 'tdi jan. Tdi jin, -^ f^ o\ je. Ngoh ye, j^ 
^ ldn'-\sai. Ldn tsz, ||:^ 'fi ,t'6, ^% 'fi lui^ 
FI lui, ^'^ wdi- kwat,. Hwdi kuh, ^^ ch'au' 
jCh'ung. Ch'au ch'ung, ^^ ch'ik, ch'au'. Ch'ih 
ch'au, /\\\ 'siu^yan. Sidujin, -^tJp ch'au"pan. 
Ch'au pin; a bad name, ^'^ ch'au' ^meng. Ch'au 
"^J^s' )^ ^ c^ ,meng. Wii ming, ^ ^ wai' 
jmeng. Wei ming, ^;^ ok, ^meng. Ngoh ming; 
a bad omen, |2<j J)^ (hung chiii'. Hiung chdu, ^ 
jji^;^ ^^ pat, jts'eung ^chi chiu'. Puh ts'idng chi 
chdu, V^ft^^M s"^ 'ho shai' ^t'au. Full hdu shi 
t'au ; a bad speculation, -^ g-j- chiit, kai'. Chueh 
ki, p§^tf <m 'ho kai'. Puh hau ki, ^ gf jUgoi 
kai'. Ngdi ki, ^gf pan' kai'. Pin ki, Pg-^f tT^ 
,m 'ho 'ta siin'. Wii hdu td swan ; bad clothes, ^ 
)^ ok, ,i. Ngoh 1, ^-^ p'o' ^i. P'o i, H^5?c pai' 
<i. M^4 Ian' ,shdm. Ldn sdn, ^^:^ ^ts'6 ^i. Ts'ii i; 
a bad heart, ^j\^^ ok, ^sam. Ngoh sin, ^j\j> tuk, 
^sam. Tub sin, ^^iCi> slong ^sam. Ldng sin, ^j\)^^ 
jts'e j^sam. Sie sin, M^j\j) hak, sam. Hih sin ; bad 
behavior, P§-$f ^nf jf5 5«i '^^ c^ang ^wai. Puh hau 
hang wei, 3|E ^7 ^kwdi han^. Kwai liing, ^ ^ 
jts'e hang'. Sie hing, 1^Vj ""'ai' hang'. Wei liing, 
M^ 'tiin hang', ^f^ 'mong tsolt,. AVang tsoli, 
^ wdi'. Hwdi ; a bad hai-vest, ^ ij^ hip, ^shau. 
K'ieh shau, f^ ^sho. Sii, -^ i\jc shat, ^shau. Shih 
shau, ^ij^^ 'mo ^shau .shing, %^ ,fong ^nln. 
Hwdng nien, |>y ^ liS" ^ ,hving /ong ^shi sui'. 
Hiung hwdng shi sui, pQ-j^H^f ^ jHi 'ho ^shl ^nin, 
P '^ ^ki fong. Ki hwdiig, f^ i\jC pok, ^shau. 
Fob shau ; bad effluvia, j^ ^ wai' hi'. Wei k'i, 
^ ^ ch'au' hi'. Ch'au k'i ; a bad business, ^ 
1^ ^ pai" cka 'fo. Pi kid ho, ^ ^ chong* pan. 
Chwdng pdn, ^^ wdi' sz'. Hwdi sz ; bad times, 
p^ ^f ii: ^ ^m 'ho shai' kdi'. Puh lidu shi kidi, 

^MW i^^^ ^^'^^i' «hai'- Sh^ y^^ ^h^' ^ M chai' 
wan'. Chi ynn, ^ f^ ;^ R$ ai' chai' ,chi .shi. t 

chi chi shi, H^ \i^ ^ ^ ,shi wan' pat^ ^ts'ai. Shi 

yun puh ts'i, H$ 3fS jShi .kwdi. Shi kwdi, H^ fl^ 

jShi fui'. Shi hwui ; bad or evil influences, ^ ^ 

jts'e hi'. Sie k'i ; bad dcsease, '^ -^ ok, tsat,. 

Ngoh tsih, '^- ^ .ho tsat,. Ho tsih ; a batl ap- 

pearence, as weather, ^, ^ fat, wat,. Full yuh; 

ditto, as a person suffering, ^ J^ kuk^ ch'uk,. 

Kiih ch'uli, ^ ^^j p'ik, sik,. P'ih sih ; ditto, as 

something, mean, ^ ^ 'ch'au lau'. Cli'au lau; 



BAD 



(128) 



BAG 



bad government, J^ jj^ ^fong ching'. Hwfi,ng ' 
ching, f^ j^ y<^ukj ching'. Yoh (nioh) ching, ^ 
jgj; ho ching'. Ilo ching, fjj^j^ ,ts'dn ching'. T.s'dn 
ching ; had food, [)§■ jif '^ ^ i^ ''i<^ **'»kj niat^. 
Puh liAu shih wuli, pg- ^J ^ ^m 'h6 shik^. Puh 
hdu shiJi, ^ ^ ok, shik^. Ngoh shih ; a bad im- 
itation (said of imitating each other), ^ ^ hku' 
,p'an. lliiiu p'in, ^ ^ hok^ siii'. Ilioh siau, "^ 
X ^ 'lokj jyan siu', Hioh jin sidu ; it is so bjid 



kwo, trlJlA^ 1^1 y<^'ukj kwo'. Ta nioh kwo ; ditto 
by shifts and turns, fj^j^Jg 'shim pi' kwo'. Shen 
pi kwo ; conloundcd, g^ ^ ;^ kwai pi' kwo*. 
Kwei pi kwo, f^ |L j^ 'iu lim' kwo'. Ydu Iwdn 
kwo ; deceived, ^|gj^ hung' p'in' kwo'. Hung 
p'ien kwo. 
Baffler, one that eludes, ^ ^- \ ^ bi' lung' ^yan 
'did. Hi lung jin che, %.^K^ '^'^^ '"".?' J*" 



'ch6. Wu lung jin ch6 ; ditto by shifts and turns, 

that it must soon better, ^^^^ 'p'i kik^ t'ki' ; P^ 3^ ^ 'shim pi' 'ch<j. Shen pi ch6 ; one that 

jloi. P'i kib t'ai l^i ; to injure by bad examples, '■ confounds, f^ §[ X Xi ''" ^"^"^ t>'^" '*'^'''- ^'^" 

^ ^ t!ip ckan wdi' 'pan. Kin hwdi pin, , Iwan jin ch6 ; one that deceives, ^ ^ Xi ^'^^ 

Badge, a mark, ^ \\h\ Hdu, t^ ^ tsz' h6'. Tsz j 'kau 'ch6. Kien kidu ch6, s| ^ ^ 'J^"""' kwat, 

hdu, l^'^l ki' h6': Ki hau ; a secret mark, X^^ \ 'che. Kwei kiueh ch(^, H^Pgt A 'kwdi kwat, kd' 

6m' hb'. Ng^n hdu ; a badge of office, ^^ 'shau i jan, ^%\ ^ X. '°^" ^'' f^^i^ cy^"- ^'''^ '^^ ^^^ 



'pdn. Shau psln, ;^ ^ ^ngd 'kAn. Yd kien, 
fat,. Hwuli, a badge of merit, ^ ^ ,kimg jp'di. 
Kung p'ai. 



wakj h6 . Hwah hdu. 



M 



Badge, to mark, ^ 

dp, hh\ Ydh hau. ! 

Badger ± ^ *t'6 ,chu. T'u chu, ^ -f- ^h6 'tsz. I 

Hiu tsz", J)l ki. Ki, 1^ st'ung. T'ung ; pirates, | 

Tf: 1^ 'sluu ts'&k^. Shwui ts'ih, i^^B* 's^^i ''^ i 

'shii. Shwui lau shu. 
Badger, to pursue with eagerness, B^ 3j^ ^chiin m6'. 

Chuen wu, H^ i^ ^ ,chun sam ts6'. Chuen sin 

tso. 
Badger-legged ^ffP^ Jun keuk^ k6', ^^jll|l|^^ Jiin 

k6uk, tik,. Liuen kioh tih, [pang^ 'pi]. 
Badigeon, a cement used to fill up holes, ^ ^]^ ^fui 

,sh4. Ilwui slid, ytft ^ jau fui. Yii hwui ; a 

mixture of putty and chalk, fl^ yft j9^ j^ >5 ^ 

jt'ung ^yau ,fui ^k'au shek^ ,fui. T'luig yii hwui 

k'ii shih hwui. 
Badly, in a bad manner, ^f-i ^ pat, 'ho. Puh hau, 

pg$f ,m 'li6, pa^ ^lu cheuk, ; badly done, ^^ 

i^ ts6' ,m 'h6, ^'J(^^ ts5' pat, 'h6. Tsoh puh 

hdu, ^^^7^ tso' ^m ch6uk, ; badly wounded, ^ 

^ chung^ jShdung. Chung shdng. 
Badness, the state of being bad, ^ wdi^ llwdi, p§- 

frP jm 'h6 ; evil, ^^ ok,. Ngoh, ^|'ch'au. Ch'au, 

J^ 'tdi. Tfii. 
Baockia fructescens, ^ |^ ^^ jy^ng ,shai /d. Yung 

shdi hwa. 
Balletas, ") Indian cotton cloth, or plain muslin, ^ 
Baftas, ] M ® i^ # ;g T'Inchuk kwok, ^mln 

,8hd ,mong. T'ienchidi kwoh mien slid ming. 
Baflle, to elude, ^ l^-- ^ hi' lung^ jan. Hi lung 

jin, :f7 lll^ 'td yeulc^. Td nioh ; to elude by shifts 

and turns, (a]^: 'shim p(^ Shen pi ; to confound, 

fj^ij^ 'kwai pi'. Kwei pi, ^ ^ 'kdu t'iit,. Kidu 

foil, fig, gL Mu liin'. Ydu Iwdn, f^ ^[ 'kiu liin'. 

Kidu Iwdn ; to practice deceit, lllt|j|^ bung' p'in'. 

Hung p'ien, IJ|1^' i|g ,mun p'in'. Mun ji'ieii, (^ Ifi 

ngak, p'in'. 
Balfle ^ ^shii. Sliii ; to conic off with a baffle, ^ 

Ihi td ,shii. Td shu, fr^i^. 'td ,fu sho'. Td k'ii 

BallhHl, eluded, )^^'^ lii' lung' kwo', Ul lung 



jm. 
Baffling, see Baffle ; baffling wind, ^^"^M. .^hau 

jWai ngdkj ,fung. Chau wei [^] nih fung, jgj^ 

M^M. t^' t^' 'teng jt'au /ung. Tu tii ting t'au 

fung. 
Bag, a sack, ^ toi'. Tdi, ^ ,nong. Ndng, fli^ p6' 

toi'. Pii tki, If 'chu. Chu, ^ ch'uk,^ Ch'uh, ^ 

,kon. Kdn ; a bag without a bottom, ^ t'ok . 

T'oh; a leather bag, ^^ ^p'i ^pau. Ff pau, ^ 

P'i ndng ; a 



,p'i toi'. P'i tdi, ^i 



jP 1 ,nong. 



hand bag, ^^ 'shau ^pdu. Shau pdu, ^-^ 'shau 
toi'. Shau tdi ; a small bag, y\\ ^ 'siii toi'. Sidu 
tdi, /j\ -^ 'siii pdu. Sidu pdu, |^ tlt^. Chili, ^ 
toi". Tdi, ^ kiin'. Kiuen ; a double bag, ^ ^ 
jliu toi'. Lien tdi, j^^ tap, toi'. Tdh tdi, $g ,t'o. 
T'o ; a hair-cloth bag (a not), ^ \\] ^ong ,kan. 
Wdug kin, i^^ fat,. Fuh.; a silken bag, ^^ 'k?) 
^pau. Kdu pau ; a coarse bag, ^ ^ ^ma ^pdu. 
M6, pdu ; a straw bag, ^>^ tsik^ pdu. Tsih pdu, 
^ ^ 'ts'6 ^pdu. Ts'du pdu ; a traveling bag, ^ 
^ jbang ,nong. Hang ndng ; a bag to tie on a 
horse's head, |^ ,shan. Shin, ,% P -^ Sua 'hau 
toi'. Md k'au tdi ; a hawking bag, ^ ^ Up^ toi'. 
Lieh tdi ; a small money bag, ^ ^ 'ts'6 toi'. 
Ts'du tdi, ^ ^ jngfiu toi'. Yin tdi : an empty 
bag (l)oor), |!g ^ tUong ^hung. Xdng hung; 
you wine sack and rice bag (you lazy lubber), 
VS m tS ^ 'tsau jnong f4n' toi*. Tsii'i ndng 
fdn tki; the Gwen Bag (a work on g«»oniancy). 
It ^ i^s'cng jnong. Ts'ing ning; a bag of 
money containing 100 Tales is cnlled — \^^ 
yat, ,chd toi'. Yih chd tili ; half a bag ditto, ^|g 
j^ pun' ,chd toi'. Pwdn did tni ; a bag of money 
(amount not defined), — i^ ^jk y»t., toi' ,ngan. 
Yih tdi yin, — ^^^-f' yat, toi' jUgan 'tsz. Yih 
tdi yin tsz ; a satchel, |jf || jP'un ,nong. Pw'An 
ndng, ^ ^ ^p'lin tit^. Pw'dn cliih, ^^^ ,p'lin 
tit J. Pw'dn chill ; an em])roidere<l Im^, ^ || 
'kam jUong. Kin nAng, ||||| sau' ,nong. Siu 
ndng ; a bag to hold perfumes, l))^ ,wai. Wei, ^ 
^ Jicung j)du. Uidng pdu ; a bag of rice, — -^ 
^ yat, ^pdu hnai. Yih pdu m( ; a lnvg of sugjir. 
— ^^ y^*. <P^" it'ong:- Yih pdu t'dng ; th(> air 
bla<lder or sound of a fish, jg( 'p'iti. P'i^u, ^ >g 



BAG 



(120) 



BAI 



jii pan. Yi'i psiu ; bag around the heart, pericar- 
dium, li^ 3Q 3^ sam ^pau loV,. Sin pau loh. 
Bag, to put into a bag, 7^ ^i^ ^ yap, lo'<, toi'. Jil 
fob tai, ifjc ^^ ^ fong' lok^ toi^ Fang loh tai, % 

f^M M^ ^^\ toi'- '*''^" ^^^ ^^^' ^AM .^''0"J- 
yap toi^ Chwang jili tai : to bag the hair, ;j^ ^ 

kut'fiit,. Kwohfdh, Jji^ch'ukjat,. Ch'uhfah; 

to give the bag to any one, ^ \ hi' jVan. X'l 

ji"> Jtji A M J^^- ^^'^ J'" ' ^° ^'^» clothes, T^ 
ch'ulc_. Ch'uh ; to truss bag and baggage, ^ j^ 
y^ 'hi 'ml chii'. K'i wi chu. 

Bagasse, the refuse stalks of the sugai'-care aftci 
they have been ground, ^ ^ che' ^cha. Che cha. 
■jr>j^ che' /u. Che k'li. "" 

Bagatelle, a i;ame played on a board having at tl;e 
end nine holes, ill/ ^ ,po <p'un. To pw'iln ; a 
Chinese ditto, but dilierent ficm the fonncr, ^'^ 
^ jt'au ,u. T'au hu; a bagatelle /J^ ^ 'siu iz'. 
Siau sz. 

Baggage, the tents, utensils &e. of an aimy, ^7 ^ 
jhang chong. Hang chwang, iji^' i^^ ^Isz (hung'. 
Tszchung; traveling baggage, fj ^ ,hang 'li. 
Hang li ; a baagage waggon, ^ i|] jibing /<ii. 
Ching kii ; having baggage, ^-f- ,ts'ai 'isz. Ts'i 
tsz; a low, worthless Avoraan, a strumpet, j^ ^ 
Jfjp: Ian' '16 'kii. Lan hui kii, j>^1^' lan'^ehi'i. Liin 
t'lii, pj !fip ,u 'fLi. Wu fu; a playful female, ^ 

Bagging, tl c < 1 )1h or materials for bags, f^ 4i til 
ts6* ^] au p-)'. Tso pau pu. 

Bagnio, a bathing-bouse, y^ 'jj? yuk^ s^'^'ig- ^ I'l' 
tVing, yj^ ^ jf/ 'sai ^shan /ong. Si shin fan<: : a 
brothel, ^g '^ ^ch'eung .liii. ChVmg liiiu, ^ ^ 
^ "'16 'kii Jill. Lau kii liau; iu Turkey, an in- 
closure for slaves, -fyji j^ ^no Jan. Ki'i bin. 

Bagpipe, a musical instrument, us(d chielly in Scot- 
land and Ireland, ^4 ^ £^ 'kun ,fung ,k'nm. 
Kwfin fling k'in, ^' |i^ |j| J^ 'kiin ,fung 'kau 
jk'am. Kwi'm fiing ki.iu k'in. 

Bagi'use, Silure, |fT ffi kfim' jii. Kien yu ; ditto 
dusky green, if; ^^ Jim ji. Lien yu ; ditto dark 
green, ^ ^^ s'^gau J'- ^in y^i '. ditto, small sil- 
very green, ^ ff jmong 'tsai. Mang tsz ; ditto 
purplish black, ^^ JVi kam'. llwa kien. 

Bahar, the native country of Budha, ^ fiin'. Tan. 

Bail, to liberate from arrest on security for a person's 
appearance in Court, '^ ^ fjj 'se 'i)6 'iing. Sie 
pau ling, ;}^Qf^c Jam 'p6. Tan pau, f (" |gi toi' yan^ 
Tai jin ; to bail out a prisoner, iXi "^M W f/'i P^ 
^ling shik^ foug'. Pau ling shih fang ; to bail out 
a woman, l!|^ff :^ A 'po shik 'nil jan. Pau shih 
nil jin, ^^ ^kii. Kii ; to bail out a boat, ^ ;(]< fu' 
'shui. Hu shwui. 

Bail, the person or persons who pj-ocure the release 
of a person from custody, by becoming security 
for his appearance iu Court, fjj^'^ 'p6 ^kii. Paukiii. 

Bailable, that may be admitted to bail, p]" (^ (Vf \\\ 
'ho 'p6 tak^ ch'ut,. K'o pau teh ch'uh, uj ^^ ii 
■j^ 'ho 'p6 long' tak,. K'o pau fang teh. 



Bail bond fti til 'p6 Jan. Pau tan. 

Bailed, released from custody on bor.d> forappearanco 
in Court, \\l f!|t i^ tarn 'f 6 kwo\ Tiin pjiu kwo, 
fi€^^^ ii 'po 'ling shik, fong' kwo'. IViu ling 
shih A\ng kMo; freed from water, ^ i^ 7J^ fu 
kwo' 'shui. Hu kwo shwui. 

Bailer, ") one who deliveis poods to another in trus*", 

Bailor, j f j :f£ f, fu' t'ok, 'che. Fi'i t'.;h che, >> 4£ 
^f kiiu t'ok, 'che. Kiiiu t'oh ehe, ^(i, J^£ ^ ^niii 
t'ok, 'the. Mei fob che, i^ ^\ /|>y; ^ 4£ ftH A 
Jsc'ung i-hap^ mat, 'miii t'ok, J'si ,yan. Tsiang shili 
wuh mei t'oh t'a jin. 

Bailiff, an cfficer apjiointcd by the sheriff for arrest- 
ing pci sons, :|-f g p«V J'eng. Pu t'ing, 1^^''^ yau* 
J'ong. Yu fang, ;}B In/ 'pji Jigf<- la ya; an 
agent of a manor, to direct its husbandry, collect 
eucs &e., "^ ^< JoJ'a .'<''• Tsmg kia. 

Baili\\ick, the precincts in Avhich a bailiff has juris- 
diction, i|^ inr. Yuen. 

Bailment, a dcliveiy of i;oo(ls in trust upon a con- 
tract, either ex] resscd or imj)li<'d, that they shall 
be kr])t and deliveied safe, :\l ^ \^ fj^ X ^ 
t'(>k kau fo' ii ,vau 'shau. T'oh k'l'iu ho vu iin 
shau. 

Bail am, the name of two IMaliommedan festivals, 
li' \l/4i^^ ![)) /, <ui ui l<au' tsifc, J^'i ,meng. Hwui 
hwui kiau tsieh k i ming. 

Bait, any substar.ce for food, used to catch f.sh, or 
other animals, ^'1{. ni". J!h ; a portion of food ai d 
drink, or aiefieshment taken on a jouiney, fi/£ ^ 
J<on Jeung. Kau liang, ff^; ^ Jiau J«'iuig. llau 
h'antri f| cheung' ^wong. Chang hwang, ^(l 
jV/ 'tim sam. Tien sin, foi f^ '\ enu' shik,. Ping 
shih ; an allurement, fi\ m. lib, f^\ji^ J'iin J'au. 
T'ien t'au, ftfj K<l'P/i '.^^u jau el i mat,. Yii jiu 
clii Willi, gj^' K, P^Ji nil'- "va" <yan ke' Ve. 

Bait, to anyh', j^fij^Jjffi '• i-i^ tin' Ji. f ih tiau yii, 
l^ tam'. Tan ; to give a portion of foed and dring 
to a beast upon tlic road, 5^ i|j ^ ^ %fi J'6 
cluing hi' ch'u'c, lui'. T'a cluing k'l c.'iili lui ; 
to bait on a journey, '^^^ '^^Bf- Jo ,chung shiV, 
-ye. T'li chung shih ye*, Ij '|' 'X 'ta ,chiing fo. 
"Til chun;; ho : to stop and bait, ^^C 'i*^' '"^ l^i^ii'^ • 
Hieh kioh, ^ )lji|i 't'au k^uk,. T'au kioh, ,|t )i 
chii' tsuk . Clu'i tsuh : to bait one's hoiSvS, Jl^j!.} 
chii' 'ma. Chu ma; to harass by dogs, qij- {p f§ A 
kin' kau slieung ^yan. Kiau kau shang jin, |tf. 

^ ^'(^ A S^^ l'^"' »"''^'^ c^'^"- -^'^ k'iuen nau jin, 
n^ ^tH Jjfl A kiiV kill jUan jan. Kiau kau nan jiu. 
Baited, furnished with bait, ^ f^ Vau ni^ Yd rh ; 
allured, ^^\^ 'yau kwo'. Yu kwo, |^ ^ ^ 'yau 
wa'c, kwo'. \ u hwoh kwo, V, M^l'M '^ "i' V^'^ 
kwo'. I rh yiu kwo; f.d, |^ii hi' kwo'. K'i kwo; 
refreshed, ;^-;§ shik^ kwo'. Shih kwo, ir^^^ A 
'tii kwo' ^cluing 'fo. Ta kwo chung ho ; harassed 
by dogs/^ 4,1) p, ^ pi- 'kau ,nan ,wai. Pi kau 



nan wei, 



^it 



^ shau' 'him ^nau ,wai. Shau 
k'iu(>n nan wei, ^^ ^{tj a^ R||- pi' 'kau ,keng hiik,. 
Pi k:iu king hih. 



BAI 



(isa) 



BAL 



Baitin£», ancrling, ^ ffi tid' ,u. Ti6u yii ; feeding, 
^ iii'. K'i; refreshing, ;^|£ ^ shik, ,kon ^Idung. 
Sbih kdn lidng, ^ -^ ahilCj 'peng. Shih ping; 
stopping on a journey, ^ Jlip hit^ k6uk,. Hieh 
kioh, tff^ 'K 't& ,chung 'fo. Td chung ho ; bait- 
ing place, ^ J^ hit, tim'. Hieh tien, |^ ^ chii' 
pat,. Chu pill. 

Baize, a coarse woolen stuff, f^B.^^^ (^'^ '^i- Ts'ii ni. 

Bake, to, as a pig, ^ kuk,. Kiuh ; ditto, as bread, 
^ hong'. Ildng ; ditto in the ashes, t}^ p'du'. 
P'du, j^ yau. Yu ; to bake before the fire, ^ 
chek^. Chill ; ditto as tiles &c., j^ ,8hiu. Shdu. 

Bake-house fs) M ^^k^ ,fong. Kiuh fdng, j^^ ,8luti 
jfong. Shdu fang ; a bake-pan, ^ {^ kuk^ ^16. 
Kiuh lii. 

Baked J0f ^^ k\i\ kwo'. Kiuh kwo, >J^ ^^ hong' 
kwo'. Hang kwo, 'J^i^ ^shiii kwo'. Shdu kwo. 

Baken, see Baked. 

Baker, of bread, ^sf^iffi'^ jHidn ,t'au ,sz fu'. Mwft.n 
t'au 8Z fii, p{ lii]) ^ ^ tso' min' pdu 'ch6. Tsdu 
mien pdu ch6, J^i^t^lS ^' hong' ts6' min' ,pdu 
*ch6. Hdng tsdu mien pdu ch6, ')(fi$^3p^ hong' 
min^ jt'au 'ch6. Hang mien t'au che ; a small tin 
oven, in which baking is performed, ^ 'J^ kuk^ 
,16. Kiuh lu ; the baker of spice-bread, J^ fj^ g)'f 
^ kukj min^ 'peng 'ch6. Kiuh mien ping ch6 ; a 
baker's shop, fi |^ ^[| min' j)du p'6'. Mien pdju 
p'u. 

Baker-legged, having legs that bend inwards at the 
knees, ^ jUJl 'fdn kduk,. Fdn kioh, /\ ^ pdt, 
tsz* keuk,. Pdh tsz kioh. 

Bakery, a place occupied with the business of bak- 
ing biexd, cakes &c., i'lfi^^ijj min^ ^pdu p'6'. Mien 
pdu p'li, $^ ^ ^il min^ shik, p'5\ Mien shih p'd. 

Baking ^ kuk^. Kiuh, i^ hong'. Hdng, j^ ^shi6. 
Shdu, ^ chek^. Chih. 

Balance *, a paii* of scales, for weighing commo- 
dities, ^ ^ ,t'in jp'ing, T'ien p'ing, ^ ,hang. 
Hang, lljZp, hang p'ing. Hang p'ing; standard bal- 
ances, o] f.',!^'^ ,sz md sP'ing. Sz md p'ing; foreign 
balances, 7^ ^p j^ung ji'ing. Ydng p'ing ; the 
balance of an account, {^^ ^ sh6' SnI. Sii wi, ^ 
^ (Ch'^ung jts'in. Ch'dng ts'ien; to make up the 
balance, ^i 7}^ 'po 'shui. Pii shwui, ))\] ;^ ^kk 
'shui. Kid sliwui ; the surplus balance, ^ -^ 
jCh'<'ung 'shui. Ch'dng shwui ; the balance due 
to. Bt ^^ ^ 1^ y^^S '<^li'iii s^gan '16ung. Ying 
chdu yiii linng; be paid the balance, fH^ .ts'ing 
sh6'. Ts'ing su, ^^ (^ ^i kit, ,ts'ing sh6'. ' Kieh 
ts'iug sii ; equal weight, J:^ ^ ,kwan chung*. 
Kiun chung; balance of power, j^\^ ,kwan ,k'Qn. 
Kiun k'iuen ; balance of trade, \\\ AU Y( ^ ^ij 
ch'ut, yap, 'hau fo' chl pit^. Ch'uh jib k'au ho 
chi pieh ; balance wheel in a clock, ^ m kong' 
'pdi. Kdng pdi. 

Balance, to weigh goods, \^^ jk'iin. K'iuen, ^. \^ 
ching' fo'. Chiiig ho ; to balance reasons, g-'ji ^ 

_ i P'^pg '^^- P'ing 11, p^mMM. tP'"^g ^^q' t"' '^ ; 

* S«e Soalea. 



to balance an account, ^ ^ tui' sh6'. Tiii sd, 
^ ^i 'tai 8h6'. Tf sd, fe g ;|fl ^ 8h6' muk. 
j86ung 'tai. Sd muh sidnj; ti ; to balance merits 
and short-comings, i^^l}})^ ,seung jp'ing ,kung 
kwo'. Sidng p'ing kung kwo, ^)^i^^ M^^S 
kwo' ,s6ung jP'ing. Kung kwo sidng p'ing. 

Balance, to have on each side equal weight, ^ ^ 
j;^ ^ Ueung pin' ,kwan chimg'. Liang pien kiun 
chung, ^ '^ j;^ ^ *16ung 'ch^ Jtwan chung'. 
Lidng ch6 kiun chung, ^q sM. i^ — ^M. ^l^i"»g 
jt'au hai' yat, y^ung* chung^. Lidng t'au hi yih 
ydng chung ; to preserve the equipoise of the bo- 
dy, IE li! rfii 'rf ching' chik^ ,i ^hang. Ching chih 
rh hang; to move towards a person and then back, 
5^iS. t^s'in t'di'. Ts'ien t'di; to fluctuate between 
motives which appear of equal force, i(^ ^ ^ 
jSam pat, teng*. Sin puh ting, ^ ^ ,@,^ Hdung 
pin* jSZ ji. Lidng pien sz i. 

Balanced, charged Math equal weights, i^^ ,kwaa 
jP'ing. Kiun p'ing, %)^j:^^ 'ching kwo' ,kwan 
chung*. Ching kwo kiun chung ; regulated, so as 
to be equal, fft^^j;^^ 'leung 'ch6 ,kwan jP'ing. 
Lidng ch6 kiun p'ing, "f^'^J^^ 'sz kwo' ^wan 
^p'ing. Shi kwo kiun p'ing, i^ ^ ^ ^ ,kwan 
jP'ing jm6 ,p'in. Kiun p'ing wd p'ien. 

Balancer, the person who weighs, ^ ^ ch'ing' 'shau. 
Ch'ing shau, ^ '^] ^ ch'ing' mat^ 'ch6. Ch'ing 
wuh ch6, ff J^jK^ ch'ing' mat, ke'. 

Balance fish, hammer-headed shark, Zygaena, -^-p 
tW^ ,kung 'tsz m6* ^shk. Kung tsz mdu sh4. 

Balance knife '^^^ Jii^ , on peng' ,chi ^ib 'tsai. 
Ngdn ping chi tdu tsz. 

Balancing, charging with equal weights, fi|^^ J;^ 
^ 'cliing 'l^ung 'ch6 ,kwan chung*. Ching lifeag 
ch^ kiun chung ; settling, as an account, '^ !^ 
^ts'ing sh6'. Ts'ing su ; hesitating, ^ ^ ,wdi ,1. 
Hwdi i. 

Balaustine, the wild pomegranate-tree, ^ ^ ^If^ 
^ ^6 shekj jlau shu* ,meng. Y6 shih lid shd 



ming. 



Balbucinate, ") to stammer in speaking, ^ nut,. 

Balbutinate, ) Nuh, P0J 'hau nut^. K'au nub, |i- 
HP£ shltj ,t'au chung*. Sheh t'au chung, |^ p 
jlau "hau. Lau k'au, |^ ^ chat, ,in. Chih ven, 
m MKil >'i .k'i ngdi* ngdi*. K'i k'i f i, p pg 
'hau hat,. K'au k'ih. 

Balcony ^ ^ ,t'in jt'oi. T'ien t'di. 

Bald, a bald head, -Jts^, ,kwong ,t'au. Kwdng t'att, 
m ,t'ui. T'di, j^ B^ t'uk, .t'au. T'uh t'au, gg 
hat,. K'ili, (5^ kw'an'. Kw'an, ^ ^ 5^ ^wo 
sh^ung* jt'au. Ho shfing t'au ; without hair, ^ 
t'uk,. T'uh, ^:^| t'uk, k'it,. T'uh kieh, ^ tat,. 
Tub, fl hat,. K'ih, |j^|g ,t'dn wan*. T'un hwan, 
1^ hot,, iloh ; p. bald forehead, fg kon. Kdn ; 
partially bald, |^ 'chan. Chin, flji^i^ ,t'au fdt, 
,8ho. T'au fdh sd ; a bald pate, j/^ -^ t'uk, 't«8. 
T'uh tsz, ^ ^ t'uk, ,yung. T'uh ung ; a bald 
pated priest, ^S)t-^ t'uk, ,n6 'tsz. T'uh nd t«z ; 
a bald headed crane, || t'uk,. T'uh. ;f||f t'uk, 



BAL 



(181) 



JgAL 



^ts'au. T'uh ts'iu ; naked, |^ 'lo. Lo, ^ i^^^ 'lo 
ch'ik^. Lo cb'ih, ^ fl 'lo 't'ai. Lo t'i, ^ ^JJ/; 
t'ut, ch'ik, Mk,. T'oh ch'ih leh, ^.% ch'ik, ^shan. 
Ch'ih shin ; audacious, ff^ 'k5m. Kdn, ^Hl[j[ 'tdm 
'k6m. Tin kan ; without ear or awn, ^^ ^ 
^ jHid jS6 jm5 ^ts'^ung. Wu sii wu ts'idng. 

Baldachin, a structure in the form of a canopy, sup- 
ported by columns, ^ jt'ing. T'ing ; canopy (in 
China), $$^ 'kam jt'ing. Kin t'ing. 

Balderdash, mean, senseless prate, §1, jilt S^ liin' 
k5m' ngap^, ^ H ?K 1^ ^S^^, ,^^^ ^^gap, sz'. U 
»KM. fat, ngap, ^fung. 

Balderdash, to mix or adulterate liquors with wa- 
ter, iit ;4^ ^ V® ^^ '^^"^ <^'^" 'tsau. I shwui k'ii 
tsiii. 

Baldhead, a man bald on the head, -^ gj^ ^kwong 
jt'au. Kwang t'au, ^ sM, t'uk^ ^t'au. T'uh t'au. 

Baldmony, gentian, ff^^ jlu'^g 't6m *ts'5. Lung 
tdn ts'du. 

Baldness, loss of hair through disease, j^W ^ ^^^^ 
jt'au j^ung. Ldn t'au ydng, ^ 'pi. Pi, j{/^ ^kii. Ku, 
^ 'fo. K'o, ^ ^nga. Ya ; loss of hair, :5t IS ^ 
jkwong jt'au fat,. Kwdng t'au fab ; meanness or 
inelegance of writing, j^, -f^ chiit, tsok,. Cbueh 
tsoh, ^ ^ liit, jUian. Liueh M^an. 

Bald pated, see Bald. 

Baldrick, a richly ornamented belt, ^ ^ ^ ^J^^S 
jhung tdi'. Ying hiung tai. 

Bale, a package, '^ |-^ ,pau Hsai. Pdu tsz ; a bale 
of goods, — -^ ^ yat, ,pdu fo'. Yih pAu ho ; a 
bale of. cotton, — '^tS^ yat, ,pdu ^min /a. Yih 
pdu mien hwd ; a bundle tied together with ropes, 
— ffl yat, 'kw'an. Yih kw'an. 

Bale, to make up in a bale, ^J '^^ 'td ^pdu. Td pdu. 

Baleful, producing mischief or misery, ^Sj^ ,shang 
,tsoi. Sang tsai, ^ SJl chi' ,tsoi. Chi tski, ^ 
,hung. Hiung, ^ jeung. Ydng; pernicious,^ 
^ ^^ 'siin hoi^ tik,. Sun h&,i tih, ^ ^{j tuk^ tik^. 
Tub tih ; baleful influence, ^ :^ (hung ^kdu. 
Hiung kidu, V^f[f^'P^p^ 'hb ^kw'an pun', 
M.'^Plt .sh^ung ,fung tsuk, k^', ^ ^.1^ 
,f«ng tsukj tik,. Pdi fung sub tih ; a baleful star, 
^ ^ shdt, (Sing. Shdh sing, |2<| ^ ,hung ^sing. 
Hiung sing. 

3alefully, sorrofully, ^ jfA jau ^In. Yu jen ; per- 
niciously, j^ ^ ^^ 'sun hoi' tik,. Sun hdi tih ; in 
a calamitous manner, ^."^ ^bung^In. Hiung jen. 

Balefulness, destructiveness, '^ ^ ^ ^sh^ung hoi' 
5ch6. Shdng hdi 'ch^, S^ ^ ,tsoi hoi'. Tsai hdi, 
j^fjS c^soi wo'. Tsdi ho. 

Baling ^ ^ 'td ^pau. Ta,pdu, ff ^ ^ 'td ^pdu 
'ch6. Td pdu ch6. 

Balister, a crossbow, 1^ 'nb, Nu ; to shoot a balis- 
ter, j^ ^ fong' %5. Fdng nu. 

Balistes, file-fish, ^] ^y^ mok,,jp'i;jyj^ung. Moh 
p'i y&,ng. 

Balistic platform ^^ 'n5 ^t'oi. Nii t'di. 

Balize, a sea-mark, ^\ f^ |^ 'yan jShiin h5\ Yin 
ch'uen hdu, s^,;i^^ 'ts'in 'shui h6^ Ts'ijen shwui 



pdi' 



hdu, ^ ^ 1^ shek, ^p'ai h6'. Shih p'ai hdu. 

Balk, a gi'eat beam, H^^i^ tung' jleung. Tung bang; 
a frustration, ^^ ^ 'cho chai'. Tsii chi ; disap- 
pointment, ^ H mitj mong'. Mieh wdng, |^i| 
tsvitj mon^. Tsiueh wdng, ^ P§- tj^ 'td ,m 
chung', ^ [I§ ^ jmau ^m ^shing. Mau [;f ] puh 
ching; a thing left untouched, like a ridge in 
ploughing, ^ i^ shat, tf. Shih ti, 7|^7i^^^i% 
mi' ^chlm 'shau ^chi mat^. Wi chen shau chi wuh. 

Balk, to disappoint, ^PS,^W, t^'o jin p'dn' mong*. 
T'li jen p'an wdng, ^ A t'am' j-an; to frustrate, 
tM ^M (tarn kokj. Tan koh ; to miss or omit, g|| 
jlai. Ldi ; to pile up, as in a heap, *^^ ,tui tsik,. 
Tiii tsih ; to turn aside, "ff i^ jhang ^mdi. Hang 
mdi; death balks no creature, ^T^li^:^ 'sz pat, 
man' ^meng. Sz puh wan ming, '^^ jf^ \ 'sz 
pat, shi' jan. Sz puh shi jin, ^'g .^^ ^ J/^ \ 'sz 
pat, ^p'in ^ii ^yan. Sz puh p'ien yu jin. 

Balked, disappointed, ^ V^ ^ pdi' kwo' mong*. 
Pdi kwo wdng ; frustrated, |H ^ ^^ ^tdm kok, 
kwo' ; omitted, p|| '^ jlai kwo', ;S gg ji^ jmong 
kf kwo'. 

Ball, a round body, ^ -^ jk'au 'tsz. K'iu tsz, 
1^ kuk,. Kuh,* ^ kuk,. Kuh, ^ % kuk 
jiin. Kuh yuen, |^ jk'au. K'iii, j^ ^ ^p'i 
jk'au. P'i k'iu ; a silk or cotton ball, ^ ^ ^ 
jmin ^slia jk'au. Mien slid k'iu ; an India rubber 
ball, i0^ )l^ ^ shii' chap, jk'au. Shu chili k'iu ; a 
ball made of thread, ^^^ ^ sin' ^k'au. Sien k'iu ; 
afoot ball, ^% t'ek, jk'au. T'lh k'iu; to play at 
ball, tj- ^ 'td jk'au. Td k'iu ; to kick a ball, ^ 
% t'ek, jk'au. T'ih k'iu, I^D tsuk, kuk„ (^ ^ 
t'dp, kuk,. T'ah kuh ; to throw the embroidered 
ball (to choose a husband), ||^ ||| ^ ^p'au sau' 
jk'au. P'du siu k'iii ; the globe or earth, i^^ ti^ 
jk'au. Ti k'iu ; the eye ball, 8^ gj^ 'ngdn jk'au. 
Yen k'iii; a cannon ball, -5^ ^,^ p'au' 'ma. P'au 
md ; a musket ball, ^^ ^ tan' 'tsz. Tan tsz, ^ 
^ jiin ^md. Yuen md, ^ JH s^^"^ ^^^n' ; an iron 
baU or bullet, ^5f fit, tan% T'ieh tan ; the ball 
of the hand, |||^|| ,kai pi ,ch'ui. Ki pi ch'ui; 
to roll into a ball, :j^ jt'un. T'un ; do not roll 
your rice into a ball, M^^ ^mb jt'iin fan'. Wd 
t'un fan. 

Ball, an entertainment of dancing, ^^^ t'iii' 'td 
jShan, i^^ t'iu'yeuk,. T'idu yob, # flij ,sin 
^sin. Sien sien. 

Ballad, a song, ^ huk,. K'iuh,^ ,ko. Ko, ^ |^ 
,ko ,8hi. Ko shi, ^ tt ,ko jiu. Ko ydu, ^pf ^o 
kung' ; juvenile ditties, ^ fg s^'u^g jiu. T'ung 
ydu; satirical ballads, ||,!^IJ fung'ts'z'. Fung ts'z; 
strange ballads, '|^ |^ kwdi' jiii. Kwdi ydu ; a 
little ballad, il# ts'6' lung'. Ts'du lung, /\^ ^ 
'siu huk,. Sidu k'iuh ; a cheerful ballad, ji^ ,^ 
'kai ^sam. Kidisin; to sing ditties and ballads, 
Pi^ /{v #. cli'^ung' mukj ,ii. Ch'ang muh yu. 

Ballad-maker, a composer of ballads, \^ ^ ^ tsok, 
,ko 'ch6. Tsoh ko cM, ^^Z k ts^' ,1^0 ,chi 
,yan. T»o ko ghi jia. 



r.\L 



(132) 



HAM 



lJalbul-siiig:cr, a femulo wliosu einploymeiit it is to 

sing balbds ^k ,1<" '"»• ^^^ "'•' ^%Wi S^ '^"• 
3vo fi'i ; Ji prostitute soiv«»trcs.s, ^); j^ ,ko ki' ; a 
in lie balhid-siiiij'er, ^ -f- ko 'ts/. Ko tsz ; ju- 
v.jiiilc ditto, ^ % ko jt'img. Ko t'ling ; a band 
o." female ballad-singoi-s, — Jj| ^ :^ yat, .pan 
,ko 'nil. Yih pan ko nil. 

Ballast f^k f^\ ^i at. ^ts'ong shck^. I'i'i Is'/mg sliib, 
f;H 11^^ /liiin chui'.' Cb'iicn clini, g] j^ :^ .ts'ong 
'tai slick,. Ts'ang ti s'.iib, -"'U rff ,slia eliuui;'. Slia 
clmng, •<,] ten.i,'. Tiiig, -J^^ ten-'. 'Jin-, ii\ ^ 
jsliin teng'. Cl.'iicn ling, J)^ * ,l.ai. Jli. 

Ballast, to place heavy substances in the bold of a 
ship to keep it fro-.u oversetting, ^ fj', teng',shim. 
Ting cli'ucn, J§ ff' tang' jShi'in. Tang eli'uen ; to 
steady or keep a lliiiig steady, *^ \^ teng' ebii'. 
Ting chu -, ditto a ship, ^ji.f;{fj teny' chiV ,shi.in. 
Ting chu eirucn. 

Ballasted, furnished \vithballa.«:t, '^Wf\ <cng' kwo' 
,'hii'i. Ting kwo cli'iien, ^ 3^ ;;jvj tang' kwo' 
.•shii 1. Tang kwo cli'ucn. 

Ballasting, furnisliijiu: with 



,«ihi'iii. Ting 



cli'ucn. 



ballast, ^ lifft tcng' 



Ballatoon, a heavy luggngo boat employed on the 
rivers abaut the Ca.spian sea, ^ 0J ifnj ^ $^ ^ l|5 
^^ Lihoi jho jCl.i J. a *kau ^.'eng jmeng, jj^^ 
lianij 'ii 't'eng. Hang li t'ing. 

Ball-car; ridge, a earliidge furnished wiili a ball, 1^,} 
5^>^ 'fan tan' yix. Tan t ii pan. 

Ball-cock %i^\ y-Aw chat,, |g| \iX ^im chat,. Yuen 
chill, 'j^ /j< p ^ sak, 'shui 'liau jk'au. Sell slnvui 
k'au k'iu, ff. ,j^ ui{ ,fau jUiug ^t'au. I'au lung 
i'au. 

Ballet, a dance, 1^1^11 Rl ^''i^' '^''^ ,«!»""• 

Ballistic t , pciiaining to the balista, or the art of 
shooiing davls, 1j^^ ^ ^ fong' 'no ,ehi fat,. 
IVing nii ihi li'.i. 

Balloon, any spherical, hollow body, /^ ^ ,li"i^,? 
jk'au. Hung k'iu ; a gla^s receiver, of a splierical 
f.om, mi ^^( j'ln tsang'. Yuen tsang; a game, ^1 
^Ij^ 'la jk'uu hi'. Til k'iu hi; an air-balloon, ^ 
"^ hi' ,k'au. K'i k'iu ; a balloon filled with hy- 
d.ogen gas, j|i^ ^ l^ Jicng hi' ,k'au. K'iug k'i 



t'ung, ^ $9. ^ shau' p'iu' jt'ungr Shau p'iau 
t'.mg. 

Balloting, voting by ballot, ^^J- ,t'au ^k'au 'tsz. 
'I'au k'iu tsz; ditto by ticket, J(JX j^H »t'»" P''"^'- 
T'au p'iaii. 

Balm, the juice of shrubs or trees remarkably odori- 
ferous, :gp !JJ'|- heung liu*. llijing liau, ^ i^ (?) 
,lsai ,ning. Tsz ning; balm of Gilead, a plant of 
the genus amyris ^, ^ ^ , heung yeuk,. Uiang 
yi'h, ^ yt^ , heung , van. Iliiingyii; any thing 
which soothes pain, ^^|j^ 'fu t'ung' yeuk^. Fii 
t'ling yob ; anything which mitigates sorrow, |te 
fl;t<l^ 'fu Avai' ,chl sz'. Fii wei clii sz. 

Balm, to anoint with balm, \^J, ^ yllj {3j[ \ 'i ^lieung 
jVau fiV jyan. I hiang yu fii jin; to soothe, ^^ 
'fu M'ai'. Tu Mci, '^ i^ ,on wai'. Ngj'in wei, ^ 
^^j 'fii t'ung'. Tu t'ung, j* |^ fii .sui. Tii sui. 

Balmy, aromatic, ^f ,h6ung. Hiang, ^ ^^ ,beung 
ke', ^ ^^J ,beung tik,. Hiang lib, f j :jj^ 'yaii 
^hcimg. Vi'ihiiing; soothing, ^ ^ {(-] 'fii , sui 
tik,. Pu sui till, ^^ ^ i\{] 'fu wai' tik,. Fu wei 
^Jl'. 'M lill 'f^ <"'^ "'^i' *^*^' ' ^ balmy breeze, ^ ^ 
,lieung ,fung. Hiang fung, M.V* ?€ § S^^^ sung 
fii heung. Fung sung hwa hiang. 

Balneary, a bathing room, /gt ^ yukj ,t'ong. Y'uli 
fang* '^^ yuk, shat,. Yuh shib, 7;t # Wi 's^' 
shan .long. Si shin fang. 

Balneation, the act of bathing,' ^ ygl muk, yuk^. 
Muh yuh. 

Balsam, an oily, aromatic, resinous substance, flow- 
ing spontaneously from certain i)lants, ^ yllj 
,heung ,yau. Hiang yu •, balsam, a shrub, '^ ^^ 
4'^ kwo' jt'ong jshe. Kavo t'ling sine. 

Balsam of Peru (balsamum pcruvianum), tf^? ^ 0] 
Z ^ ylll *. l*'l^ kwok, ^chi yeukj ,yau. rilii 
kwob ehi yob yu. 

Balsam of Tolu (balsamum tolutanum vel do Tolu), 
%P i¥H ^ ff ydJ t T616 .chi .heun:; .yau. Tiilii 



clii hiiag yu. 



3 !• 



k'.ii. 



Balloon, 



), ") a s( 
Balloon, ) 'i's'inilo kwok, ii* .shim 



jiueng. 



Sieulo 



tate barge of Siam, jj^ j^j'i" ^ 

kwoh yii ch'uen ming. 
Balloonist, see Aeronaut. 
Ballot, a ball used in voting, ^ ^ ,k'au 'tsz. K.'iu 

tsz ; a ticket, |«i p'iii'. P'iau. 
Ballot, to vote by ballot J, t(t ^ 7' ,i'au ^k'au 't«z. 

T'au k'iii tsz; ditto by tickets, ^^- ^t'au p'iu'. 

T'au p'iau. 
Ballot-box, a box for receiving ballots, "^ f jjf ,k'au 

'tsz bop^. K'iu tsz boh, *^ fgj p'iu' ,i'ung. P'ijtu 

* 'i lie lutur luur exprcsdio&a ure iu tb«> south buldom lucd for 

buIluBt. 
1 Como write tlas word with only one 1. 



Balsamic, a warm, stimulating, demulcent medicine, 

of a smooth and oily consistence, ^ '^ 'i)6 'fo. 

Pu ho, m%^ Z^ .V""' .cli'eung wai' ^ehl 

ycukj. Yun cirang Avei chi yob. 
Balsainine |^ fjlj V\ fung' ,sin ,fa. Fung sicn hwft, 

i^ ^ ^^ ^tang 'cban ,fii. Tang chan hwii, ^'j i\\ 

^fi Ipchi klip, ,fj\. Chi kiiiU hwii. 
Baltic : ^m ,tung'lioi. Tung hai, .*Jf,^ni)J$ Po 

lotik Mioi. Polotih liiii. 
Baliistmde ^yff jhin kon. lAw k4:i, |g lam'. Lin. 
Bamboo, a plant of the reed kind, or genus arundo, 

Yi chuk,. Chub, fi ^ chuk, shu*. Chub shvi ; 

fixodiia 80, 34. Kzck. If .0. Ts. 133,3. 

\ [ lowc) « used Uy tlii» CLincee to stnin the naU of their finfj. 
crs w.lh, hour iiil lUid name, tliougU bcluDjjing to diffcxeut 

B|H!Ci. ■. 



I 



imsi,zz^^M'^z,n' 



BAH 



(133) 



BAN 



joiutless ditto, Mffj ft (mo tsit, clmk,. AVii tsieli 
chuh, ■%^'^Yf Jcwoiig kwan' eliiik,. K\\ ang kwan 
cliuh, if-k^Yf ,kAAong ^slian chiik.. IvAvAng shin 
chuh, j;|.^fitt 'fi'i ,yau chuk^. IIu k'iu chuh : em- 
press [spotted] ditto, J^ft cP'"^ chuk^. Pan chuh, 
ytl ^B "tt ,s<^'iina ffi chuk,. Slang fi chuh ; hlack 
ditto, ^ YS '^^^ chu'c,. Tsz chuh ; yellow ditto, 
^ Yf kam cliuk^. Kin chuh ; Whanghi ditto, 
^ijli lit tt ^»t, 't'6 chuk,, Fuh t'li chuh ; pencil- 
tube ditto, ^'Yf .TOHU cliuk,. Mau chuh ; bamboo 
ware, Yf^ cliuk^ lii'. Chuh k'i ; bamboo shoots, 
Yj ^ chukj 'sun. Chuh siun, ^ 'sun. Siun, ^ 
juin. Pwan, ^ ^ (tung 'sun. Tung siun, ^ ^• 
jtung ^kwan ; bamboo screens, Yf 1^ chuk^ ,l{ni. 
Chuh lien ; seeds of the bamboo, Y^ ^" chuk, 
shat,. Chuh shili, Yi iE /I^ chuk, ,fa luai. Chuh 
hwa mi ; bamboo splints, Yfl^ chuk, mit^. Chuh 
mieh ; bamboo poles, Yi ^ chuk^ J<on. Chuh 
kiin : a bamboo chair, Yf ^ chuk, 'kivi. Chuh 
kiau, Yi^ chuk, ^u. Chuh yu ; a bamboo moun- 
tain chair, Yf-^ chuk, ^tau. Chuh tau, ^-f- ,tau 
'tsz. Tau tsz, i^ 1 1 1 ^ kwo' ^shan ^tau ; bamboo 
[ancient] books, Yf^i] chuk, 'kiin. Chuh kien, Yf 
^ chuk, ch'iik,. Chuh ch'ah ; bamboo slij^s for 
writing, Yi lif ^^^^^^ tuk^. Chuh tub, |^ ^'g 'kan 
tuk^. Kien tub, fine bamboo mats, Yi ^ chuk, 
{ia\ Chuh tien, Yf M> chuk, Isek^. Chuh tsih ; 
outer rind of the bamboo, Yi )'m chuk, /u. Chuh 
fii ; internal coat of ditto, 3^ ^fii. Fii ; a bamboo 
plantation, Yi^ chuk, ,t'in. Chuh t'ien ; a bam- 
boo garden, Yi\^\ chuk, ,un. Chuli yuen ; a bam- 
boo forest, Yi tt^ chuk, Jam. Chuh lin : bamboo 
arrows, 'j^^ chuk, tsin'. Chuh tsicn, Yl ^ chuk, 
'ch'i. Chuh shi ; tabasheer, Yi ^ chuk jWong. 
Chuli Inviing ; bamboo shoots jji-oservcd in sugar, 
^g| 'sun 'fi'i. Siun fu, ^ $^^ mat, tsin' 'sun. 
Mill tsieu siun : slips of bamboo sprouts ready for 
cooking, ijjj ^ s^ing 'sun. Ming siun ; split 
bamboo sprouts dried for keeping, 'X ^ 'fo 'sun. 
llo siun, ^ fi^ 'sun ,kon. Siun kan ; fermented 
(acidulated) sprouts, |^§^ 'siin 'sun. Swan siun; 
the sheath of the bamboo which covers the 
joints of the plant, if^ t'ok,. T'oh : the green 
tough sldn of the bamboo, which contains silex, 
■^ Jvwan. Kiun. 

Bamboo, to, to punish witli the bamboo, tT IR 'iF' 
• 'ta 'pan 'tsz. Ta pan tsz, Yi\^ chuk, 'pan. Chuh 
pan, ;J5§ ;|;|> ^ch'ui p'ok,. Ch'ui p'oh. 

Bamboo-rat Yi Mk ^1'"K shil. Ciiuh shu. 

Bamboozle, to deceive, lj|!)||;| ^mun p'in'. Mwan p'ien, 
B^li li^"S' p'in'- Hung p'ien. 

Bamboozler, a cheat, [jla, A^lt ""'"^Is jyan ke', HA 
^ p'in' jan 'che. P'ien jin clie. 

Ban, a public proclamation or edict, •^ tjV ko' shi^ 
Kau shi, J^. p^ sheung' ii'. Shang yi'i ; an edict 
of interdiction or proscription, ^ ||j^ kam' i''. 
Kin yu, ^ 0g kam' chiu'. Kin chau ; curse, ^ 
gg. chau' clio'. Cliau tsu j excommunication, 
^ "l* ^ -^ chuk, ch'ut, ,kung ui'. Chiih ch'uh 



kung hwui; a fine muslin, imported from the East 

Indies, ;j^ ^ ,rain ,slui. Mien slia. 
Banana "g ,pa. Pa, "^ ji^ ,pa ^tsiii. Pa tsiAu. 
Banco, a coui't sitting in banco, |P o] ^ '^ 'sham 

^sz jts'ai ui'. Shin sz ts'i hwui ; a bank, ^ ^ ^ 

fy ui' '11 ,ngan (hong. Hwui li yin hdng. 
Banco, a term denoting the bank money of Ham- 

burg, Pj^ th ^^ m M m 'ii f)i \\\ t^^mn^:^ 

banco, Hamp'ok lii' "li <ngan jhong 'sho ch'ut, ,chi 
jUgan ^ch'ing ^wai 'mau jUgan banco. Hienp'oh 
hwui li yin hang so ch'uh chi yin ch'ing wei mau 
yin banco. 

Band 1^ tai'. Tai, ^f tiU'. Tai, f^/tso. Tsi'i; aropc 
used by the ancients to secure criminals, |^j^J| ^lui . 
sit.,. Lui sich; a chain, ^i^^ fit, Jin. T'ieh lien; a 
band of musicians, — gjj nj i^| yat, fu' 'ku ngokj. 
Yih fu ku ngoh, — ^ijp^^ yat, fii' ^ch'ui 'shau. 
Yih fii ch'ui shau, — ^ |f^ A 1^% <P^^ ^a^\ 
^yan. Yih pan ngoh jin, — |[|J A ^ yat, fii' pdt, 
,yam. Yih fu pah yin, j^ yat,. Yih, ]^ yat^. Yih, 
j|§ jan. Yin ; a baud of actors, — \}^ )^ ^ yat, 
,pan hi' 'tsz. Yih pun hi tsz, — • Jj£ ^| yat, ^pan 
hi'. Yih pan hi; a band of a Avhcel, :j^||'^ ,t'o sin'. 
T'o sien ; a band of robbers, — ^jj '^ ^^ yat, 'fo 
to^ ts'akj. Yih ho tau ts'ih, — ^ M. J^\ rPO^S 
ts'ak^. Yih pang ts'ih, ^'(ti 'fi 'tong. Fitdng; a 
company of men, — ^ yat, Jcw'an. Yih k'iun, 
3!j5'^ 'fo 'tong. Ho tang, - |;^t yat, tui". Yihtiii; 
a baud of soldiers, — |»|^ & ,|j„ yat, tiii^ ,piiig 'md. 
Yih tiii ping ma ; a faggot band, |^ .fu. Hii ; a 
gold head band, ^ ^j| ^kam /li. Kin hu ; an iron 
band, S|[ftSi fit, /li. T'ieh hu ; a hat-band, i|)g'^ 
mo' tai'. Mau tai ; a little band, /J> ^^ 'siii tki'. 
Siau tai, —%^\ if yat, .t'iii tai' 'tsai. Yih t'idu 
tai tsz ; a wrist baud, ;fj^ k'ii. K'ii. 

Band, to bind together, |j f^| 'ta /li. Ta hu: to unite 
in a troop, ^ ,kw'an. K'iun, ^ $ J<au ch'iin'. 
Kau ch'uen, ^ i^ ch'im' jmai. Ch'uen mai, ^ 
■^ ch'un' hopj. Ch'uen holi, ^ ^ tsii' ui^ Tsii 
hwui, jf^ !|!j; jShing 'fo. Ching ho, jf^ ^ jShing 
jkw'an. Ching k'iun ; to unite in a confederacy, 
j|t^ kit, ^mang. Kieh mang. 

Band, to associate, ^^^ tsii' tsap,. Tsii tsih, "^-^ 
ui' hopj. Hwui boh, ^ l}\\ ui" jmai. Hwui mai. 

Bandage, a roller, ^ -T,| p6' tai'. Pu tai, ^ tdi'. 
Tsii ; bandages for small feet, j]i|l ^ kduk, tdi'. 
Kioh tai, ^^ tsuk, Jl. Tsuh i, jlil^^ keuk, pak^. 
Kioh pah ; bandages for wounds, Jf^ 'kwo Jim. 
Ko lien ; bandage for the head, }(§} bM. lak^ J'au. 
Leh t'au, ^^ lai'. Li ; bandages for the protection 
of the arm, ^^ pi' hon'. Pi hdn, ^ kau', Kau; 
bandages (wrappings against cold *), j^ |^ Jin 



lii". Lien lii ; bandages 
Kiau, ^ 'kiii. Kiau, ^j 
fang, Jlill 1^ keuk, pang' 
Sin. 



for the legs, 
^ Jiang J'ang. 
Kioh pan 



O' 



. 'kiii. 

Hang 

^ ,san. 



* M'Miy of these terms nre not Tinderstood by llio i>eople of sou- 
thern latitudes, and those who have seen men from the north, 
generally call tlie bandages for the legs }ii}i> f^- 



BAN 

' ^ ' ' 

Bandage, to bandage the feet, jj^ j^ jCh'in k^uk,. 
Ch'en kioh, ^ ^ ,pJiu k^uk,. Pdu kioh, ^ 
^ *kwo k6uk . Ko kioh, :^ ^ 'kwo tsuk . Ko 
tfluh. 

Bandana, ') handkerchiefs, ^ ^ rfl hokj ,yung 

Bandanna, ) ,kan. Hoh jung kin. 

Banda-soap tf ^ytft tau' k'au' jau. Tau k'au yii. 

Bandbox, a slight paper box, ^ ^ 'chi h6pj. Chi 
hoh ; a hat or bonnet box, i)>'^ ^ m5' h^P^- Mdu 
hoh. 

Banded, bound with a band, ^j^ 'pong kwo*. Pdng 
kwo, li i^ ,ch'In kwo'. Ch'en kwo, ^| ^ /d 
kwo'. ilu kwo, Ifg j;^ 'kw'an kwo'. Kw'an kwo, 
tr i^ ^ 'tA kwo' ,fu. TA kwo hu ; united in a 
band, ^. ;Hg — • f^ tsii^ jmdi yat, 'fo. Tsii mdi yih 
'^O' Jii^^ — ^ c^hing jmdi yat, 'tong. Ching mdi 
yih tdng, ^ ^Jj^ ^kau ch'iin' kwo'. Kau ch'uen 
kwo. 

Banding, binding with a band, |^ ^^ ^ '^ 'i tdi' 
'pong chii'. I tdi p6ng chii ; uniting in a band or 
company, ^ ^ — !j!| tsii* ^mdi yat, 'fo. Tsii mdi 
yih ho, ^;^ — ^ tsii' ^mdi yat^ ui*. Tsii mdi yih 
hwui. 

Bandit (plural, Bandits, Banditti), a robber, ^ ^ 
Ti lui^ Fi lui, |j{ H ts'ak, 'fi. Ts'ih fl, || ^ 'fi 
,t'6. Fi t'd, ^ Ijj^ t6' ts'kk^. Tdu ts'ih, ^ IJ^ 
k'au' ts'fek^. K'au ts'ih, || ^' 'fi 'tong. Fi tdng, 
^ gl di^ 'fi. Hwui fi. 111 ^ ^shfm ts'dk,. Shdn 
ts'ih, ^^ ye^ ^mo. Y6 mo, JK, ^ 'shii ^rao. Shu 
mo, ^ ^ 'shii sit,. Shii tsieh, ^ #J 'kau ,t'au. 
Kau fan, ^ji) '^ 'kau t5'. Kau tdu, g % pdk^ 
chong^. Feb chwdng, ^ g| Jau 'fi. Lid fl ; a 
highway man, % 5$ 16' ts'dk^. Ld ts'ih, tT^'i* 
Pit 'td k6uk, kwat, k^', tT iS "^ 'td kang' \€, fj" 
^ P^ 'td kang' k6', Ife Jil§ PiJt tsit, 16' \e, ± H 
't'6 'fi. T'd fi, 2tS llli B ^ 'P^^ ti' ok, j6. Pdn 
ti ngoh y6 ; a burglar, fT ^ ^^ P^ 't& ,ming 'fo 
k^' ; a pirate, % \^ 'hoi ts'ak,. Hdi ts'ih, -jjC ^ 
'shui k'au'. Shwui k'au, % % 'hoi k'au'. Hdi 
k'au ; a marauder, 5§'^ ,k'6ung tb^ K'idng tdu, 
"A '^ tdi* t6^ Td tdu, ^ ^ 'ts'd k'au'. Ts'du 
k'au, Hp.p; kii' 'fi. Kii fi, %% tsik, 'fi. Tsih fi; 
an old robber, ^ ^^JJ '16 ts'dk^. Ldu ts'ih, %^ ^ 
ts'dk, ,kung. Ts'ih kung ; one who enters a house 
by, getting over a wall, ^^^ ^tang ,t'in ts'^k,. 
•-Tatig t'ien ts'ih ; house-breakers, %\ f| fijjf ,hoi 
. .^luhg ts'dkj. K'di lung ts'ih ; a rascal, ^ff ts'dk^ 
'tsai. Ts'ih tsz ; to tura bandit, ^ ^ tsb^ ts'dk,. 
Tso tsMh. 

Bandlet, \ any little band or flat njolding, |g| ^ t£ 

Bandelet, / ji^,n ttt^ ,fii. Yuen yueh.hwd. 

Btipdog, a large, tierce kind of dog, ;Ac J^ ^ tdi* | 
'mang '^kau. Td mang kau, •)<i^-^ tdi' 'mang ^ 
'hiin. Td mang k'iucn, ^ ^, %^ tdi' ok, 'kau. T& I 
ngoh kau. 

Bandoloor ^7^?^ i^a"g ^kwan tdi'. Hang kiun tdi. ' 

Bandrol, a liiile flag or streamer, ||[ t^ ,p'id tdi'. 1 
r'Idu Ui. T^n^ ^k'i t4i'. K'l tdi. I 

Bandjr, a clu'o bent at the lower part for striking a 1 



(134) BAN 

--- ' 

ball, ti ^t^ 'td j)0 kwan'. Td po kwan, :f7 ^ 
^ 'td jk'au kwan'. Td k'iu kwan ; a bandylegs, 
%^^ pang» 'pi. Pang pi, % ,wong. Wdne, fg 
,wong. Wdng, Pjgj^ kwok, wat,. Kwoh k'iuh, ^ 
'fong. Fdng,^kwai'. Kwei. 
Bandy, to beat to and fro, as a ball, ^|^^ 'l^ung 
,t'au 'td. Lidng fau ti, fj"^^;^ 'td,loi 'ti hu'. 
Td Idi ta k'u. 

Bandy, to ccmtend, as at a game, in which each 
strives to drive the ball his own way, p^ ^ tau' 
jk'au. Tau k'id ; to agitate, ^^ pin' pok,. Pien 
poh. 

i Bandying, beating from one to another, :Jj^^.^ 
'td ,loi 'ti hii'. Td Idi td k'ii ; agitating in con- 
troversy without c<«reraony, ^|^ pin' lun'. Pien 
lun. 

Bane, poison of a deadly quality, ^ tuk,. Tuh ; a 
fatal cause or mischief, ^ hrd'. Hdi ; the bane of 
of one generation l>ecame a blessing to ten thou- 
sand, — fct^ Wll ttt;^5^i * vat, shai' ,chi hoi' 
mdn' shai' ^chl 11'. Yih shi chl hdi win shi chi 
11 ; gaming is the bane of all youth, ^ ^ ^ |^ 
^ ittfil l^a"' ,8hang ^chi hoi"ch6 't6 pok, 'yd. 
Hau sang chi hdi ch6 td poh y^ ; extravagance is 
the bane of evil society, ##^ J^ j^^.f .-tfe, 
,ch'd 'ch'i 'ch^ pdi' tsuk^ ^chl ^-Im^yd. Ch'd ch'i 
chd pdi sub chl hwKn y^. 

Baneful, poisonous, ^ tuk^. Tuh, ^ P^ tuk, kd' ; 
destnictive, ^ hoi'. Hdi; a pernicious fellow, if^ 
^"i^ A c^am tukj kd' ^yan. Sin tuh tih jin; bane- 
ful influence, H A ""iE t^^j ^^"^ k^'. ^ ^ ^lau 
tukj. Liu tuh ; a baneful star, ^ ^ ,hung ,8ing. 
Hiung sing, ^ ^ shdt, ^sing. Shdli sing. 

Banefulness, poisonousness, ^ tuk,. Tuh, '|^ hoi'. 
Hdi, 1^ ^ ^sliidung hoi'. Shdng hdi. 

Bang, to beat, as with a club or cudgel, ^ 'h6m. 
Hdn, ;gJC 'h6m. Hdn, tl 't^- Td, ^ 't6. Tdu, ^ 
'tam, -^1^ ^kwang k'oi'. Kwangk'di ; to thump, 
# i P'ung' chduk,. P'ung choh, ^ ^ p'ung' 
chduk,. P'ung choh ; to beat or handle roughly, 
^^ 'tam ,shan, ^"^ 'tam kwat, ; to treat with 
violence, |g Hi' ^ JJQ jCh'ui jt'au 'tam ^6 ; bang 
up, 4^ # ^ ^^ :^ hok^ jShi ,hing chong pdn'. 
Hioh shi hing chwdng pdn.^Uf .te'ii ^shi. Ts'a 
shi. 

Bang, a blow with a club. ^J" — m 'ti yat, ,ch'ui. 

■ Td yih.ch 'ui, tT-^ H 'td yat, .ot'ui. Td* yih ch^^i ; 

soimd of the discharge of a cannon, ^ kwang. 

Kwang, ^^'^^ kwang ,kwang ,shing. Kwaag 

kwang filling. 

Banging ;A: tii'. Td, ^_% ,ts'6 tsuk^. Ts'd suh. 

Bamgle, to waste by little and little, to squandor 
carelessly, % J^ fai fok,. Hwui hoh, :^ ^ ^\\ 
fai'. Hwd fei, :|^-^ long* fai'. Ldng foi, ;^ )[| 
long* yung*. Ling yung. 

Bangle, an ornament worn upon the arms and ankles, 
^dk. Ngeh. 

; r-7- •■■•iij r— ^ -— 

* Said of the Orcat Wall. irh'oM construction De«rlr zuined a 

gencntion, but became a bles&ing to maxt^- fHitm* seatntioac. 



B.A.^"r- 



Bangiue, ") the leaf of a kind of hemp, used for its 

Bangi ) narcotic qualities, ]^^ jind ip^. M^ yeh. 

Baniah, a class of Hindoo traders, ^ ^ ^ ]^ ^ 
T'inchuk kwok^ ^sh^ung hdk^. T'ienchuh kwoh 
shdng k'eh. 

Banian (banyan) tree, ^^ Jung 8hu^ Yung shii; 
a baniian with long rootlets, ^ ij^ -^ J^t^S ^^^^ 
jkung. Yung shii kung ; banian days, days on 
which seamen are allowed no meat, ^ ^ ^chdi 
,k'l. Chdi k'i. 

Banish, to condemn to exile, ^ 5§; ff teng^ '^hln 
t8ui^ Ting k'ien tsiii, ^|^ f^ teng- ^kwan tsui". 
Ting kiun tsiii, ^;$fgfp teng^ ^lau ts1ii^ Ting liii 
tsiii, ^ ^ 'hin fong'. K'ien fang, ^^H teng^ 
jt'6 tsiii". Ting t'li tsiii ; to banish to the military 
colonies or colonial garrisons, 5^ ^ man^ 'hin. 
Wan k'ien, ^ ^ man* ^kwan. Wan kiun, ^ ^ 
^ch'ung kwan. Ch'ung kiun, |^ ^ ^ fat, kik^ 
jpin. Fab kih pien, P j(f|»^^ 'hau ngoi' ^^ch'ung 
jkwan. K'au wai ch'ung kiun ; to banish to an- 
other province, f^ ^ man' ^au. Wan liii ; to 
banish to a neighbouring district, 5^^ man- jt'6. 
Wan t'li ; to banish the devU, ^ ^ chuk, 'kwai. 
Chuh kwei, ^ J^ 'kon 'kwai. Kan kwei ; ditto 
malign spirits, ^ /]■» ^ ^1^ sung' 'siii ^sing jshan. 
Sung sidu sing shin, j^f^ P |ft shiii ^miin 'hau 
'chi. Shdu mun k'au chi, ^^ 'kdi 'sai. Kiai si; 
to expel one from one's own country, ^tt|2fS^ 
chukj ch'ut, 'piin 'king. Chuh cli'uh piin king ; 
to banish (as Imd men from one's society), '^ ^ 
fong' jlau. Fang liii; to banish virtue, j(^ |ffi 
chdk^ tak^; Tseh teh ; to banish one's self, ^^ 2ji 
i^^i 'piin 'king. Li piin king, %^^^m <P'^^ 
jli ,ka ^h^ung. P'du li kia hiang, 

Baaished, compelled to leave one's country, R^ j||^ 
1£ man" kwo' ,kwan. Wan kwo kiun, 5^ jl^ '/j^ 



man^ kwo' ,lau. Wan kwo liii. 



man 



kwo' 



jt'5. Wan kwo t'u ; driven away, ^MW\^^ 

chukj kwo' ch'ut, 'piin 'king. Chuh kwo ch'uh 

piiu king. 

Banishment, the act of compelling one's citizen to 

leave one's country, ^JJj^: man' 'bin. Wan k'ien, 

5»1 >^ ^ man' 'bin 'che. Wan k'ien che, f^ ^ 

man' ^kwan. Wan kiun, B0 ^ :^ man^ ^kwan 

*ch6. Wan kiun ch6, ^ M .ch'unsr ,kwan. 

X 1, 



Ch'ung kiun, ^^ '^ man ^lau. Wan liii, f^ ^ 
man* jt'6. Wan t'li ; the banishment of danger 
from fire, j^ j/C j^ sung' 'fo ^tsoi. Sung ho tsai ; 
the banishment of devils, ^ ^ chukj 'kwai. 
Chuh kwei ; expulsion from one's own country, 
^ {jj 4C i^ chuk^ ch'ut, ^piin 'king. Chuh ch'uh 
piin king. 
Bank, of a river, ^ ngon*. Ngdn, j^rJ" ^ ^ho ngon*. 
Ho ngdn, i^ jngdi. Ydi, ^^ ^ho^kon. Ho kan, 
jX -T" <kong ^kon. Kidng kan, jfpf ^ ^ho jP'ong. 
Ho p'dng ; a high bank, J| jUgdi. Ydi ; a steep 
ditto, Jl ^ jUgdi ngon*. Yai ng&,n, ^ p| ^ngai 
yuk^; I yuh ; general designation for ditto, >^ 



,pan. Pin, j^ jp'an. P'in, 'i^Jasi. Pan, i^ ^fan. 



(136 5 BAN' 

Pan, '^ 'li. Hii, '■}j^^ ^kong ^k6. Kidng kdu, ^^^ 
koi. Kai, :^<kdp,. Kidh, ^ ^un. Yuen; elevated 
banks of a stream, J^ 'Jfwai. Kwei ^ p' tin'. Pw'^m, 
W-^^ iP'I ,mau. P'i mau, ^ yat^. Yih, 'J^ ^ngan. 
Yin; low ditto, 7^ ^t'ing. T'ing, '^J ^ting. Ting, 
^ tsz^ Tsz, if ^fu. Pd, j^ ^ts'ung. Ts'ung, 'if 
f^ jmi liit,. Mei liueh ; to accompany one to the 
bank of a river, 5^ f\\ '^-f- sung' to' ^kong ^kon. 
Sung tdu kiang kdn, j^jl^^Xf" 'iin sung' ,kong 
^kon. Yuen sung kidng kkn, ^ .^ ^ ^ sung' 
chi' ngon- ^pin. Sung chi ngdn pien, 5^ JlJ jfRT j^ 
sung' to' jho ,pin. Sang tdu ho pien ; bank of the 
ocean, *^f^ 'hoi^p'ong. Hdip'ang; a sand-bank, 
i^ H .s^^ <^'^^- Sha t'dn, fv> || ^shd sin'. Sha 
sien, y^ ^shun. Shun ; a dam for water, ^ pok,. 
Kioh, ^ ^ki. Ki, P^ /ong. Pdng, "^ 'fdn. Pdn, 
^ 'In. Yen, M 'fan. Pdn, ;% 'chi. Chi, i^ ^^ 
,po 'fdn. Po fdn, j^ ^t'ai. T'i, j^ f^ ,t'ai ngon*. 
T'i ngdn, ^ |55r ,t'ai /ong. T'i fang. '^ g .ki 
jWai. Ki wei, ]^ ^k'i. K'i, ^ 'lung. Lung, j^f ^ 
.ii ngon*. Yii ngdn, |^ jling. Ling, ^ piii'. Pei, 
ffl SJ^ ,t'in ^ki 16*. T'ien ki lu, fy .ting. Ting, 
^ lik^. Lib ; a company of persons concerned in 
a bank, @ ^H ^ ^7 ^i" "^1 i^S'^^^ j^ong. Hwui li 
yin hdng; the place where the collection of money 
is deposited, §^|7 jiigan jhong. Yin hdng, ^^^ 
^ngan p'6'. Yin p'li, §J| ^ ,ngan ho*. Yin hdu, 
#1 ^ jts'in p'6'. Ts'icn p'li, ^ |£ jts'in ^chong. 
Ts'ien chwdng, §^ jj ciigan tim'. Yin tien ; the 
Bank of England, A^HlBtT Tdi* Jing kwok, 
jUgan jhong. Td Ying kwoh yin hang ; bank for 
loans, ^ ^ fj tse' ,ngan .hong. Tsie yin hkng, 
^iStr k'it, ,ngan jiong. Kieh yin hdng, ^ ^ 
^1 mdi* ,ngan p'6'. Mdi yin p'li, ;^ ^^ g| k'it, 
,ngan p'6'. Kieh yin p'li ; a stand on which pa- 
per is laid in the process of being printed |f^ ^ 
'chi kd'. Chi kid. 

Bank, to raise a dike, ^^j^ chuk^ ^ki pok,. Chuh 
ki kioh, ^ hap^. Hidh. 

Bank-bill, bank-note, )^ j^gan 'chi. Yin chi ; a 
bill of exchange, 1^ ^. ui' .tdn. Hwui tdn, ^|^ 
jUgan ^tdn. Yin tan, g ^ ui^ .tan. Hwui tdn ; 
notes issued by native bankers, §^ ^ jUgan p'iii' 
Yin p'idu, ^ ^ jts'in p'iu'. Ts'ien p'idu ; notes 
issued by imperial authority, ^ ^ jts'in ch'du'. 
Ts'ien ch'du, ^U^ ch'au' 'chi. Ch'du chi ; those 
used during former dynasties, jj^ ^ ^ch'ii pai*. 
Ch'ii pi. 

Bank-book, a book in which the officers of a bank 
enter the debit and credit of a customer, ;^|2^ 
^ .tang ki' ^ngan p6*. Tang ki yin pii, j^ ^ 
jp'ang p6*. P'ang pu. 

Banker, one who keeps a bank, §J tr ^ ») '^ i^S^^ 



.hong ,kung ^sz. Yin hdng hung sz, ^jj ^ ^ BM. 
^ngan hong* sz* ^t'au. Yin hdng sz t'au, ^^ ff ^ 
^ sUgan jhong ,tung ^kd. Yin hang tung kia ; 
native ditto, #^'^'|^^ s^gan p6' ,tung ^kd. Yin 



+ The two charaters 4V t»J are at present applied to both a com- 
pany, a hong, or the proprietor of such an establishment. 



BAN 



(130) 



BAN 



p'li tunc; kiii, ^'^^Dp jtigan p'6' sz' ,t'au. Yin 
p'li sz t'au, ^. ^it ifl ^; .ngati p'o' ,tunj? 'chu. 
Yin p'li tung chu. gj- %{ ^ts'oi ,tung. TsVii tung. 

Bank-note, a promisory note, payable on demand, 
issued by a banking company, ^ j(i\ ,ngan 'chi. 
Yin chi'; (see Bank-bill): 

Bankrupt, an insolvent debtor, ^ 'ij ^ 't6 jliong 
'ch6. T4u hing ch4, :}^ ;^i #. ^7 chit, 'pun ke^ 
jhong. Cheh piin tih hang, ^] ^ P|E • 't?) ,p'un 
k&\ m IPlt 't6 tsJ)' ke', ^^^ pjii' ,p'un 'cli6. 
Pai p\rdii die, i5^'(l)t .fai .hung ke', ^ HJj; t'ui' 
k6uk,. T'ui kioh ; to be bankrupt, -^J ?7 n^ 'to 
,hong k6\ ^ A (if'f chit, 'pun fik,. Cheh pun 
tih, ^J >}± ili) 'to tso' tik,. Tau tsilu tih. 

Bankruptcy, the act of becoming a bankrupt, |^ 'rf 
H6 jhong. Ttiu hang, ^\ >)± 'to ts6\ Tau tsau, ^ 
^ pdi' jp'i'm. P.'ii pvvVm ; he has failed, fBl^Xt 
^k'ii 't6 tso'. K'ii tiiu tsau. 

Bankrupt-law, ^;^'i^ ^\ chit, 'pun lut, lai*. Cheh 
piin liuh li. 

Bankrupt-system, a system of laws and legal pro- 
ceedings in regart to bankrupts, ifff :^i ^ ^ i^\ 
chit, 'piin ,chi ,k\v'ai lai*. Cheh pun chi kw'ei li, i 
i^ ir ^' "fc 'ili I^J teng' chit, 'pun ke' ,k\v'ai lai\ 
Ting cheh pun tik kw'ei li. 

Bank-stock, a share or shares in the capital stock of 
a bank, ^^ ^7 ;jjij ^ ,ngan jhong 'kii fan'. Yin 
hiing ku fan, |;(t HI ^}i 'ff Z 'M 0> ^'^i' '^' «"San 
jhong chi 'ku fan'. 

Banner Jgl ,k'i. iCi, jg ^ .tsing ^k'i. Tsing k'i ; a 
superstitious banner with dragons and tortoises on 
it, ^ chili*. Chau ; banners carried by a son at 
his father's funeral, i^'^ jj^ chiu' /an Cliau fan, 
1^ ^ .fan ,kon. Fan kan, ^J{ i^ }j$ .cliiii ,wan 
,fan. Chau hwan fan, V?s j^ ,ling .h'\u. Ling fan, 
^ in .ts'eng ,fan. Ts'ing fan, 1^ ^ ,fan ,kon. 
Fan kan ; a banner used AvheU calling statesmen, 
jjg ,chin. Chen, f^ ^mb. Mau, ,chin. Chen ; 
a Td fii is ordered by a plain banner, ^ J^ 
IJ ;^ ^ chin 'i ,(!h'iu tai- .fii. Chen i ch'au 
td fii ; a banner used in hunting, ^ ,fai. 
Hwui ; when hunting in the fields is to com- 
mence the tdi' ,fai is raised, 5^ :;^ 1^ ffl 
kin' tai' fai ji ,t'in. Kien ta hwui i t'ien ; the 
great banner of an anny, ^ tuk,. Tub, £| 
tuk,. Tub, ± J^ tai' ^k'i. Ta k'i, iz ^ B t^i' 
tuk, ,k'l. Ta tub k'i ; a banner used by the liter- 
ati upon their appointment to an office, ]|fe t tsii'. 
Tsli ; a banner with bells attached to it, and used 
by ofiicers of high rank, jfjj- ,k'i. K'i ; a banner 
having plumes and used when raising an army or 
for encouraging the troops, jj^ .tsing. Tsing, "^ 
sui'. Sui ; banners and streamers floating in the 

^•ind, iti m y^ ."«• K'i "^ mum ts^ 'p'" 

*pdi 'ha. KM pfii pW hifi ; a banner unfurled, ^ 

.ahi. Shi, MPj^J <:)^ '^1'^" .^'o> <^'''' y^' Chen k'hi 
chi k'i ; a banner signalizing a victory, m ^ 16* 



po'. Lu pu; banncrmcn, //)i ~I» ,k'i lia'. K'i l»i^; 
to belong to a certain banner, j^ /ai. Ilwui ; a 
streamer borne at the end of a lance or elsewhere, 
^ 'k'ai. K'i, J^ p'lii'. P'ei ; a pennon at the top 
of the mast of a Chinese boat, ^ SL J^ tcng* 
,fung ,k'i. Ting fuug k'i, prize banneis, ^ 1§f^ 
'kam .piii. Kin pidu, ^i^ ch'ik, ch'i\ Ch'iii ch'i ; 
variegated banners, used at weddings, ^fjj^ 'ts'oi 
,k'i. TsVii k'i. 

Bannered, furnished with banners, ^i /^ *yau jk'I. 
Yi'i k'i. 

Bannian, dress worn for absorbing perspiration, g^ 
|^y<^ t'ip, yukj shdm. T'ieh juh sdn, ff f^ hou' 
jShum. Han san, ^ ff ^<^ kak, lion* ,8ham. Keh 
hdn san, ff i^ hon' jii. lliin jii, :^ ^ ts'am' ^u. 
San jii, Ifl fl klip, ,ii. Kiah jii, g^ ^ 'p'i 't'an. 
P'i fan, |A| ^ noi' ,i. Nui i, ^ << sit, ,i. Sieh f, 
M f^ tiin shiim. Twdn san, |^ lam^ Li'm. 

Banquet sj^^ ^ in' 'hcung. Yen hiang, ^ ^* in' 
jam. Yen yin, ^ \^, 'pai 'tsau. Pai tsiii, |j^ ^ 
'tsau in'. Tsii'i yen, |^ jin. Yen, ^^ 'tsautsik,. 



Tsiu Isih, lil /j^ ,in tsik^. Yen tsiii ; an imperial 
banquet, fitfJ^ ii' in'. Yii yen; to confer one (as 
II-I. M.), IJ^ )<^ ts'z' tsik,.* Ts'z Isih ; a banquet 
given l)y the emjjeror to the tsin sz graduates, j^ 
'N^^ jk'ing jlam in'. K'ing Ijn yen; a feast given 
to the military kii jin graduates, Jj^^ ^^ ^ J'"a 
,yeung in'. Ying yang yen ; ditto one given to 
the literary kii jin graduates, |ijJI|6j'^ luk^ .ni'ng 
in*. Lull ming yen ; to give a banquet, llfe^ Is'z' 
in'. Ts'z yen ; to go to a banquet, ^ ^ lii' in'. 
Fii yen, ^fi ^ 'leng in'. Ling yen : to sit at a 
banquet, ^ )^ tso' tsik,. Tso tsih, ;^ ^ ,tang 



tsikj. Tang tsih ; to invite to a bj r.q let, 0^ yg 
'ts'eng 'tsau. 



Ui&i 



Ui'eng 'yam. 



• In books /^.\ sliould be substituted for 'b^* 
t Birds &c. ure i)aiutcd ouit, 



Ts'ing tsiii, 
Ts'ing yin. 

Banquet, to feast, fj^* yg 'yam 'tsau. Yin tsiii, l)"^ 
^ ch'eung' 'yam. Ch'jing yin, t^^ 'ht'ung 'tsau. 
lliang tsiii, •^ ^ shik^ in'. Shili yen. 

Banqueter, a fei s.er, ^T ^ ^ "Ivt A hu' 'yam shik^ 
ke' ,yan. Hau yin shih tih jin, flt j^ Y@ ^ ,tdm 
jii 'tsau shik,. Tan yii tsiii shih. 

Banqueting, a feast, ^ yg pai 'tsau. Piii tsiii, ^ 
^ in' 'yam. Yen via, y^ *yl 'tsau in'. Tsiii yen; 
principal director of the Banqueting House, -^ 
Jj^ ^ ^ jk-wong luk, tsz' ,hing. Kw/ing luh tsz 
k'ing ; vice dii-ector of ditto, -^It^^^}^^ ,kwong 
lukj tsz' shili' Jiing. Kwiing luh tsz shau k'ing; 
principal overseer of the Banqueting Ilouse, -^ 
j|i|c ^F 41 IE ,kwong lukj tsz* 'shU clung'. Kwdng 
luh tsz slui ching; assistant ditto, -^|^^i|[^ 
jkwong lukj^ tsz' *shii ^shing. KMong luh tsz sUii 
ching. 

Banqueting-housc or hn.ll, ypf |^ 'tsau ,t'ong. Tsiii 
t'ing, Y^ )i;r 'tsau 'sbo. Tsiii so, yfl ^^ 'tsau ,lau. 
Tsiii liii, ^^ in' ^dlat,. Yen shilu 

Banquette, a little raised way running along the 
inside of a parapet, on Avhieli musketeers stand to 
iii-c upon the eut;my, ijjg ^ jshiug ^ki. Ching ki. 



BAN 



(1 



57) BAH 

cliapj. Shi'mof clia'i ; lock the bnvs, || ^ 'so 
cluipj. So cliali ; shut the hai*s, [i^^ ,shan cinin,. 
Swa 1 cliah : arowofhavs hehjw a Aviiirlow, f^ 
li:iv. Liin, |3|^ u' h'lIn^ 11 u bin ; bar of a ^''''^te, 
1^ j^ fit, ^eh'ii. T'ich ch'ii ; a bar or sand bank, 
y\f ;|| ,sh:i ^t'/m. Sha fan ; a rock in the sea, llff 
^^ 6m* jp'iii. Ni?an pMi ; l)ar-boats, Xi| •{'C iSli tuk, 
'slnii ,shun. Tub shwui ch'iipn ; bars in ransic, 
^ 'k'i. K'i ; a bar of cjokl, -^(^ ,kam jt'ii'i. Kin 
t'iau, -^ ^.j( kam chiln. Kin cliucn ; a bar of 
silver, (ct'f^ i^iS^'i <t'i^i- Yin ficiii : a bar of iron, 
M'(^ fit, ,t'iu. T'ieh fii'ui, ^l^f.^ Vif^ chi. T'ieh 
chi ; to practice at the bar, fj^j^ ijj^- fjjjj tso' chong* 
jSz. Tso chwang sz ; the incloserl place of an inn, 
Vglfl 'tsau Jan. Tsiii Ian, y^ ),5 'tsan lim'. Tsiii 
ticn; the bar-maid, vl®'^^ 'tsau,ka*uu, Tsiukiii 
nil, v||)^y< 'tsau tim' 'nii. Tsiii ticn uii, vij^^ 
'tsau J<!i^neung. Tsiii kianeang; the com-t of Jus- 
tice, ifij P'] ,ngA^mun. Yd man, ^ ^^ tai^ kot, 
[court]. Ta koh; the bo.ly of lawyers licensed in a 
court, HJj ',1K- Otli siii'ii? chong^ ^sz. Ming chwang 
sz; an obstncle, 1^1)^* 'cho chai'. Tsii chi ; a hind- 
rance, ;f-0 -flD ;^ ^ ,tiim kok, ^chi sz^ Tan koh 
chi sz, (yi i^ji ^ % 'cho ngoi- ,chi sz^ Tsii ngai 
chi sz, |ifl,^ '^lio ngoi". Tsii ngiii ; a limit, |5^l^ 
bail* ch'ii'. ilien ch'ii, p| kAV.in. Kw/in. 

Bar, to fasten with a bar, ^'j i|| ,shan ^mai. Swan 
mai, l^i^ kwan jraai. Kw.iu mai : bar the door, 
pljygp'l ^shan jm:ii ,miin. Swan mai mun ; to bar 
the Avav,'^ 1^ sakjlo^ Seh lii, jf .'i!^ \vung IcV. 
Yung ill, ti m J'^" 1^'- La:i lu, |i ffe ||^ Jaa 
cliii- li)-. L:ln chii lu ; to hinder or prevent, |5[ifi 
Clio chir. Tsii chu, %:^ 'cho chni^ Tsii chi, |JH. 
^ 'cho ngoi". Tsii ngai, \W \^^ ,tam kok,. Tan 
koh ; to prohibit, ^ f,lj kam' chai'. Kin chi, |$^ 
^ hiii^ kam'. Ilien kin, [^ j^^ jf jng jh.in. Tang 
hien. 

Barb ^ ,kau. Kau, -^J ^^ ^ *t6 kwang' .so. Tjiu 
k vilig sii, ^ ^ 'to ^k'au. Tan kau, 'f^ ,ki. Ki ; 
the barb on a plough, ^ j)'a. P'a, ftn ^ Z^ 
jUio so ^chi jkau. Wii sli chi kau. 

Barl), to shave, f |J f ai'. T'i, jflj kwat,. Kwah, f |J 
f5lj f ai' kwa*-,. T'i kwah ; to furnish witli barbs, 
jijil ^ ^ka ^sa. Kia sLi, |=jr ^| 'ta ,s6. Ta sil. 

Barbadian, an i ihabitant of B.irl)adoes, Ci -^ Q ^ 
-| ^ \^ PaipatJS'. 'to ^yan. IVirhpatiisz tau jiii. 

Barbaioss millet, Holcus, 'i^ ,leung. Liang, ■^- ^ 
Jco ^leung. Kau Hang; Birhidocs abos, ij^D^ ii 
jM'ong 'ii ^\o. Hwang y.i lo; Birbadoas nut, 33c^1e 
■^ clii' 'au kit . Chi ngau lib i Barbadjcs tar, a 
mineral fluid, '^;^ yllj 't'6 jau. T'l'i yii. 

Barbarian, a man in his rule, savage state, ^ f^ 
jULin ji. Man i, ^ \ ^i ,yan. I jia >f^ Vj>;^ \ fit' 
ngoi' ^clii ,yan. ilwa wai chi Jin; the foui- bar- 
barian tribes who formerly surrounded the "^[id- 
die Kingdom," 0^.^^.^,[^^] ,i,,min,jnng, 
tik,, [makj]. I, man, jung, tih, [m^h]; the barbar- 
ians (m.an and mak) do not know their country, 
^|3-'«^n|l) imau mak^ ^m ^clii ,pong. Mau mch 



Bans, notice of an intention of man'ia<;e, given in a 

church &c.,^^|^^ ko' kd' ts'a"chd. Kiiukia 

ts'ii che. 
Bantam, a (short-legged) cock, ^ ^ 'ai ,kai. Yui 

kl. 
Banter, to sport or play, }^ f^ hi' lnng\ Hi Inng. 

I^.lf fiii wan^ Ilwui hwan, m^f siii' wiV. Siau 

hwd, HI] ill tsak, k'ek,. Tseh k'lh. 
Banterer, one Avho laughs at with pleasantry, ^j^^ 

^ hi' siii' 'die. Hi'siau che. Ulj f ij \ P|^ tsak, 



k'ek^ jan ke', ^^ A. ,hi siiV ,yan. lli si.'ui jin. 



Bantering, laughing ut with a good humor, |^p^| ,fui 

jbdi. Kwt i hiai. 
Bantling, an infant, UTt ^ a' ^su. A sii, |^ff ,su 

'tsai. Sli tsz, /J^ ^ 'siii ji. Siau rh, yj^ ^ 'siii 

jhoi. Siiiu hiai. 
Banyan, see Banian. 
Baptism, the sacrament of immersion, '^ ifil® tsani' 

*lai. Tsin li, ;{a jjjii| ^van 'lai. AVan li, ^'^:^n1' 

slung' tsam' ^chi ^lai. Shing tsin chi li; sprinkling, 

^ ilif 'sal lai. Si li, ^ ^ shing' 'sai. Shing s\. 

y® TJC '^ i[i§ 'sha 'shui ,chi 'lai. Sha shwui chi li. 
Baptist, a, one who denies the doctrine of infant 

baptism, ^I'jj^ A K '}^< tuk, tsam' tai" ,yan 'che. 

Tuh tsin ta.jiu che, ^ j^i '^" //t A A fi tuk^ ,shi 

tsam' jii tiii" ,yan 'che. Tuli shi tsin yii ta jin che. 
Baptistical '^i\§^^ tsam' 'lai tik,. Tsiii li tih, ^ .; 

^<j 'sai 'lai tik^. Si li tih, /jfe |,f, V^^ 'sai 'lai ke'. 
Baptize, to administer the sacrament of baptism, }j^ 

•^iif ,shi tsam' 'lai. Shi tsin li, Jg U 'Till ^ A 

^shi 'wan 'lai ^ii ,yan. Shi wan li yii jin ; ditto by 

sprinkling, ^ '(^ 0, .slii 'sai lai. Shi si li, jj%^. 

I^ijig ^shi shing' sai lai. Shi shing si li, ^^i^ 

fii'- shing' 'sai. Fii shing si, f^"^ fii^ 'sai. I'li si ; 

to be baptized, ^^. ^ 'ling 'sai. Ling si, '^^ij[| 

shau" 'sai 'lai. Shau si li. 
Baptizer, one who baptizes, /;^ ^ j§- ,shi 'sai 'che. 

Shi si che. 
Baptizing, christening, h\^i^ K' -sbi tsam' 'cli6. SLi 

tsin che, JS ^ ^ c^^^ '^''^^ '^^^- ^^^^ ^^ ^^^'^• 
Bar, a cross-piece of wood, ^■^^ C^^'^Z i^iik^- Hung 
muh, i^ cha'. Cha ; the bar of a door, f^l^ 
jban. Hien, P'| ^ ^miin ^shan. Mun swan, P'| 
III ^miin kt^. Mun yah, f\ ^ jraiin ,kwan. Mun 
kwan, ^ j^ 'im ^1. Y'^cn i, f'^\ (^ ^miin kin*. 
Mun kien, p'| |{^ ,mua ban'. Man hien, J^ 
^shan. Swiiu, ;j^ ^shiia. Swan, ^ 'fan. T'ia. 
^ ^kwong. Kwiing ; the crossbar of a carh, ^ 
jUgai. I, ^ ji. 1 %^ ji. T, 1^ jfiin. Fan: ditto of i\ 
carriage, ,^;|.^ ts'uk . Ts'iih; a crosspiecc of wooi 
on the horns of cattle to prevent them goring 
1^ ^^j fuk, jh-i'i?- Full ban j ; typho:).i bars 
M M. cCh'eung at,. Ch'ang yah, ^ |^ )^ kii 
fung dt^. Kii fung yah ; bars for closing th 
entrance to a door or wimlow, aB T- .luna; 'tsz 
Lung tsz, -^.^ k'i tun^'. K'i tiiiig ; to confiiv 
behind bars, (^ f|| ,fong ^lung. Fang lung ; bar 
of a prison, [^ f- chap^ 'ts5. Chah t;z, ^ [^ V. 
tung'. K'i tuug ; to put in the bars, Jl^ 'shcunL 



BAR 



(138) 



BAR 



wucliipJing; the barbarians (aborigines) of China, 
]gj-^ • ,miu 'tsz. Midu tsz ; a raw savage, ^ § 
^shang ,fan. Sang fan; a foreigner, ^ \ /dn jan. 
Wn jin, ^ ^ Ub ,fdn. Ldu fdn, H A i^ jan. 
1 jin. 

Barbaric, foreign, H ,(. 1, ^ fdn. Fdn ; imported 
from foreign countries, 5f5 i^ "IE i^o^ 1^' ^6', y^ 
j^ung. Yang ; rude, -^jjj p'i. P'i. 

Barbarism, a form of speech contrary to the pure 
idioms of any language, j^ ^ kdp, tadp^. Kidh 
tsdh, ^Ift; mau' shiit . Miu shwoh; vulgar expres- 
sions, mr^ m 'ii. Li yu, fi W 'ii ^^^ ^^ yen, m 
fjS^ ,li6ung jt'am. Hidng t'dn, ±=^ Vb jam. T'ti 
yin, J^ $A ^'*^ jt'dm. T'li t'dn ; rudeness of man- 
ners, i)\% "f^ .htuig tsukj. Hifang suh ; ignorance 
of civilized life, ^^^|1^ pat, shik, %i 1'. Puh 
shih li i, ;r^ ^ fii 4 P^t, 'hiii 'lai fdt,. Puh hidu 



li fiih, ^ fn 



lifl^ 



mi^ shik Hai i^ Wi shih li i. 



— }jj;P «^ J^ yat, keuk, ^ngau 'shi. Yih kioh niu 

Shi, -||I5|g{tJ|^yat,,pongkwat,chH>i- Yih 
pdng kiueh cli'uli lai ; ignorance of letters, 1^^ 
Vf^ ts'b i6 U\ ^#P^ <shang /dn k6', '^\^^ 
(j{j 's6 pdkj tsz^ tik,. Si6 peh tsz tih. 

Barbarity, savagencss, J^^;;^^ ,ts'dn hoi^ ^chi sz*. 
Ts'dn hdi chi sz, -^f^ p6' y^uk^. Pdu yoh (nioh), 
^ ^ ,liung ^mang. Hiung mang, ^ ^ ^hung 
jts'an. Hiung ts'dn. 

Barbarous, uncivilized, ftf-ijii^ J^^ ^^^^ ^^- ^^ ^^ ^j 
^ jmdn. Mdn, ^ ^ngan. Yin, li|f^^ ,shan '16 
tik,. Shan ldu tih, tj" j^ "^ c^^'^" /'i ^6', gj? ^ 
P^ 'p'i /li ke', ff ^ P^ jung /u k6' ; cruel,' >{i 
1^ .hung ok,. Hiung ngoh, ^ |^ ^hung ^mang. 
Hiung mang, ^Jg ^, P^ ,ts 'un "yan k6', ^ ;i P^ 
p6- yduk^ ke', 7} ^ /iu ^mdn. Tidu mdn, |f^ |g 
jlong tsikj. Ldng tsih, J^ ^ jlo^g tuk^. Ldng 
tub, ^ jl^ 'ts'am huk^. Ts'^n k'uh, ^^ 'ts'dm 
y^ukj. Ts'an nioh ; savage, Slf Al^ 'y^ (J^^ ^^K- 
Y6 jin tih, ^ H P^ ,mdn ,i k6'; brutal, ^J ^ 
hdk, pok^. K'eh poh, f^'I^Pj^t pok^ sing' k6', ^ 
$\\ ,ho hdk,. Ho k'eh ; ignorant, i^ ^ jii 'ch'un. 
Yu ch'un, ;|t :^ ^ii chut,. Yu chueh, ^ ^ ^ii 
miii\ Yu mei ; a barbarous disposition, ^ 'j^ 
,mdn sing'. Mdn sing, |g j^i* ^long ^sam. Ldng 
sin ; a bai'barous wife, a Xanthippe, ^,^ ok, ^fii. 
Ngoh fii, ^, ^: ok, .ts'ai. Ngoh ts'i, 7} l§ ,tid 
*fu. Tidu fu, ^ ^ ,radn ,ts'ai. Mdn ts'f, ig ^^ 
ok, jp'o. Ngoh p'o; unlet! (?red, 'filE jjr ^mb ^man. 
Wii Avan, ^Itrm^ kang ^fin 'lo.'kang t'ien ldu, 
PS iilfe -t "ll!t .m shik, tsz' k^', ^.^^yf^^-.-y 
^ts'iin ,fu pat, shik, yat, ^ting. Ts'un fii puh shih 
yih ting, ^ '4'.' pg ,|j]fe ,m{ing tsz' ,m shik,, ^ %^ 
5fT »j^ ^ 7JC 't6 tiii' 'm6 tik, mak, 'shui, ^ :^ ^ 
*in6 tsz' mak,, ^ i"gan. Yin. 

Barbarously, in tho manner of a barbarian, ^i§f ^H^J; 
jj^ Ai ,m{m ( 'kbm ydung'. J\i mdn i kin ydng, -^^ 
S? r "'^■15' ts'z ^mdn 'tsz yat, ,ptin. Sz mdn tsz yih 



• The aborigines of China aro said \o belong to tho -^aiiino tribe, 
BOtno haviiif? tails mid some not ; about 80 tribes of thorn have 
been described by tho Drs. Neumann and liridgmun. 



pw4n, i? ^ P^ ,mdn ^i k6'; cruelly, ^ m ^ta'dn 
'yan. Ts'dn jin, ^MM, .ts'dn 'yan k6', ^^J^lj^ 
jts'dn 'yan 'k6m ydung* ; to act barbarously, ^ 
M^'fiM 'ts'«i"i lioi^ <clii iliang ,wai. Ts'dn hdi 
chi hang wei, ^^Z'ilM 'ts'am huk, .chi ^ng 
,wai. Ts'dn k'uh chi hang wei ; to beat one bar- 
barously, tr tg (if ^ v^ 'tfi 'k'ii 'h6 .ts'ai ^l^ung. 
Ta [ftjJ,] t'a hau ts'i lidng ; to treat one barbar- 
ously, # tE ^ ^ ^ toi' 'k'u 'hb ,ts'ai 'ts'dm. 
Tdi [;J] chi hdu ts'i ts'dn ; barbarously written, 
M4U f& 's^ taK 'P'l tsuk,. Si6 teh p''i suh, H 
^^ M it 3® ,8hii pat, .t'ung ,man ^li. Shu puh 
t'ung wan li. 
Barbarousness, rudeness or incivility of manners, jft 
Ji§ ^ ^mb 'lai sho'. Wii li su, ^ )5g ^ m6 'ki 
fdt.. Wu li fdh, M -^ ^ ^mb nai ,i. Wu li 1, ^ 
fifi i^^ ^lai 't'ai- Wii li t'i ; impurity of langu- 
age, M U <ts'6 wd^ Ts'ii hw&, M i^'m. m .t8'6 

tsuk, k6' wd' ; cruelty, $jg jQ, ^ts'dn 'yan. Ts'dn 
jin, j^^ 'ts'dm hoi'. Ts'dn hdi. 

Barbe, armor of leather, for a horse, ^J^J^^ 'md 
^chi ^p'i kdp,. Md chi p'i kidh. 

Barbecue, a hog roasted whole, ^ ^ kam ^chli. 
Kin chu ; an ox dressed in like manner, ^ ^ 
^kam jUgau. Kin niu, j;^ ^ ^shiii ^ngan. Shdu 
niii ; a large social entertainment in the open air, 
^^ ^kdu in'. Kidu yen. 

Barbed, furnished with armor, j^ ^ kwo' kdp,. 
Kavo kidh ; bearded, ^ ^ ^yau ^s6. Yii sii. 

Barbel, a fish of the genus cyprinus, ^ # kd u. 
Kidyu. " ' ' 

Barber |f|j 1^ gi|j -(^ t'ai' ^t'au ,sz fu'. T'i fan sz fu. 
f Ij sM -^ t'ai' ,t'au hdk,. T'i t'au k'eh, ^\ M Z 
t'ai' jt'au '15. T'i t'au ldu ; a barber's call, ^ ^\ 
jlo *yan. Lo yin, ^ ^\ 16' *yan. Lii yin ; a bar- 
ber's basin, gj^ min' jp'iin. Mien pw'dn ; a bar- 
ber's shop, ^\ sM ^ t'ai' jt'au p'6'. T'i t'au p'u ; 
a barber's apparatus, inclusive of seat, basin, &c., 
M M +i t'ai' ,t'au tdm'. T'i t'au tdn ; one who 
shaves the beard only, i|||J jjj fg t'ai' min' '15. T'i 
mien ldu, |Rj M fg t'ai' ^so '16. T'i su ldu. 

Bard, a poet, ^ ^ ,shi ,yung. Shi ung, ^ A ,8^ 
jan. Sdu jin, B^ |^ ^ ,yam ,shi 'ch6. Yin shi 
cM, l^fj^ shi pdk,. Shi peh, Ig^ ^s6 lu'ik,. Sdu 
k'eh, fj^ fllj ^shi ,sin. Shi sieu ; a bard of high 
renown, 1^ \ ^ § ,s6 ,yan makj hdk,. Sku jin 
meh k'eh. 

Bardana, major, ^ }f) jUgau ,fong. Niii fdng. 

Bardash, n boy kept for unnatural purposes, ^ ^ 
k'ai' tai'. K'i ti, ^^^ shat, ^wan ^ii. Shih 
hwan yu. 

Bardcd, caparisoned, \ji\'^ %^^ kwd' kwo' 'md ^on. 
Kwd kwo md ngtin, Qlijl^.l^ p'ui' kwo' 'md. P'ei 
kwo md. 

Bare, naked, |R lo. Lo, ^. ch'ik,. Ch'ih, gH 'lo. 

Lo. i^ 'lo. Lo, ^^ ^ 'lo 't'ai. Lo t'i, ^ ^ 

lo jCh'ing. liO ch'ing, :^; ^ ch'ik, ,ahan. Ch'ih 

shin, :)t :^ m ,kwong ^shan kwan'. Kwimg shin 

kwan, ^1^ ,kwong ,shan. Kwdng shin, ^^t^ 



BAR 



(139) 



BAR 



^kwong ^shan Jai ; bare-backed, f^ ^ ^fj t'iit, 
eh'ik, Mk,. T'oh ch'ih leb, tT^-^h '^^ 2.^'^^, lak,. 
Ta ch'ih leh ; the head uncovered, -^ sj ^kwong 

jt'au. Kwdng t'au, ^ bM S° s*'^^- ^'o *'^"' 5^ 
^ Tnin kun. Mien kwan ; simple, |ig ^ jShun 
chik^. Shun chih, j^ig j^ ^shun hau^ Shun hau, 
(^ Q chikj pak,. Chih peh ; without the polish 
of refined manners, |ifi#tfe * ^shun tun\ Shun tun; 
laid open to view, ^fil,\ 'hin ^in. Hien jen, 1^,^ 
ming jin. Ming jen ; detected or divulged, ^|lj 



^ 1? ch'ut, kwo'. Lu ch'uh kwo, ^ ^ sit, 16- 
Sieh lu ; bare of money, |ffi ^ ^mo jts'in. Wii 
ts'ien, ^ py* 3t kwan' kom' ^kwong. Kwan kdn 
kwang, ^ ^ ^ ^ ,chau ^shan ^mo ^man. Chau 
shin wu wan, — ^ ^0 ^ J^^, sP'^^ i^ sai. Yih 
p'in ju si, ^^^sL c^^ i^'^ P^k, laPi- Kiat'u pih 
lib, ^ fiE jtiil sP'aii s^iio laPj fOhui. P'in wu lib 
chui ; bare arms, |H ^ 't'dn t'ik . T'an t'ih, ^ 
^ 16^ pi'. Lii pi ; a naked breast, |^|H yuk, 'fan. 
Juh t'dn ; upon your bare word, 'fe'f^JlM^ i ^nl 
'kbm ^kong, 
■^ kii' sun' ^yan 



,1 -ni kom wa-, Jg fg A 
jin. Kii sin jin yen ; to strip 
bare, MMit mok, ^ts'ing ,kwong, tr#i|lj t 'ta 
ch'ik, mok,. Ta ch'ih mob, — ^^J ^J ^ jat ^ti 
mokj jUn. Yih ti mob yuen, — ^^^ ^ ;^|. yat, ^sz 
pat, kwcV. Yih sz pub kwa, — i^ # || ft # l# 
yat, jt'iu ^sbd. sin' "mo ^shan jlai ; bare feet, ^ ^ 
ch'ik, k6ukj. Ch'ih kioh ; thread-bare, ^^Ij^l^ 
cheuk, t5' kin* 'tai, ^ ^ # ^ <i c^i' pai^ wAi\ 
t chl pi hwdi, ^5lJ^^ chduk, t6' 'hi 16' ;bare 
of leaves, ^% fIJ .P'i .lau. P'i liu, ]^^!^^ .sho 
^sho lokj lokj. Su sii loh lob. 

Bare, to strip off the covering, ^ :^, ^J t'iit, ch'ik, 
mok, T'oh ch'ih moh, fy ^, f |J 'ta cb'ik, mok,. 
Td ch'ih moh ; to make bare, f B 'fan. Tin, ^ 
f ik,. T'ih ; to expose the bosom, ^0^ 'fan t'ik,. 
T'an fib. 

Bare-bone, a very lean person, !|^'^f|l| shau' kwat, 
,sin. Sau kuh sien, ^ fg shau' '16. Sau Idu, '^ 
"^iXO^ kwat, shau' ^ii jCh'ai. Kuh sau jii ch'di. 

Barefaced, shameless, impudent, ^ ||^ ;^> jm6 ^lim 
ch'i. Wu hen ch'i, jf (fa J^ hau'min- ^p'i. Hau 
mien p'i, j^|^ hau' ^ngan. Hau yen, 'X^^W^ 
pat, ^chi ,8au kw'ai'. Pub chi siii kw'ei, p§ ^ |,| 
jm shik, 'ch'au. 

Barefacedly, impudently, ^J[^ tatj ngat,. Tub wuh, 
/I ^ jf ong tat^. T'ang tub. 

Barefacedness, effrontery, ytjt ^ ^ch'ung chong^. 
Ch'ung chwang, ^SM^-il^ im6 jl'im 'ch'i. Wu hen 
ch'i. 

Barefoot, without shoes and stockings, ^ ^ ch'ik, 
tsuk,. Ch'ih tsub, ^jj^^ ch'ik, k6uk,. Ch'ih kioh, 
3fe M ,kwong keuk,. Kwdng kioh, ^ ^ 'sin 
k6uk,. Sien kioh, ^ ^ 'sin tsuk,. Sien tsuh, ^ 
^ pat, 'li. Pub li, j^ ^f 6. T'li, ^ tok,. Tob, ^ 
tok . Tob, ^ Jf 'sin ,t'd. Sien f u 5 barefoot and 
bareheaded, ^ 51^ ^ "|J ^f 6 kii' ,fo ^f au. T'li kii 
k'o f au. 



Also pronouaced tun. | Alee pronounced pok. Poh. 



Barefoot, to come barefoot, ^J^ j^.|| ^ ch'ik, k^uk 
,loi. Ch'ih kioh Mi, jjg;}^^ f lit, keuk, ^loi. T'oh 
kioh Idi, pg- ^ ^ ^ jm cheuk, jbai Joi. 

Barefooted, having the feet bare, ^5^^ ch'ik k^uk . 
Ch'ih kioh. 

Baregnawn, eaten bare, fj":^ 'ta ^fa. TS hwa, P^fg 
'ngdu ^fS. Yau hwa. 

Bareground ^]^ sP'i^S *^"' I'i^o t^- 

Bareheaded, having the head uncovered, ^^ ^mfn 
^kun. Mien kwdn, ^ g^ ^kwong ^f au. Kwdng 
t'au, ^ HJ[ /o jf au. K'o t'au. 

Barelegged, having the legs bare, ^ ^ ^kwong 
k^uk,. Kwdng kioh. 

Barely, nakedly, |5^ ch'ik,. Ch'ih, ^ ^kwong. 
Kwdng, ^ ^ ch'ik, ^shan. Ch'ih shin ; without 
decoration, ■^^ sP'iiig <bung. P'ingbung, 7^^ 
^kwong ^shan. Kwdng shin, || J^ so' tsing^ Sd 
tsing ; scantily, f^ 'kan. Kin, ^ 'kan. Kin, fg 
'(^ 'kan hai-. Kin hi, H pf 'kan 'ho. Kin k'o ; 
scantily supplied with the necessaries of life (bare- 
ly enough), '(H^fl^ 'kan kau' 'sbai. Kin kau s hi, 
iS'^^ffl 'kan 'kan ^fu yung-. Kin kin fu yung, 
^ ^ 'kan kau'. Kin kau, -^ ^ 'kan -yau. Kin 
yu, ^pf 'kan 'bo. Kin k'o, -^^pf pj ''kan 'kan 
'ho 'ho. Kin kin k'o k'o, i^ )0 ^ ^ngdm ^ngdm 
kau', ^ lilt,. Liueh ; merely, only, :J^ -j^ tuk^ 
hai-. Tub hi, ^ ^ tdn- hai^ Tdn hi, ± f^ 'chi 
hai^ Chi hi, ^ jSf^ ,f 6 >. T'li jen, jflK ;§ 'cbl 
shi^ Chi shi. 

Bareness, nakedness, ^^^ ch'ik^ ^shan. Ch'ih shin, 
■^^ ,kwong jSban. Kwdng shin; poverty, '^'^ 
jP'an jk'ung. P'in k'ung. 

Barepicked, picked to the bone, p^ )^ '^ bJ{ ^lun 
tsing^ kwat, ^t'au, []^ )^ P^ '^' 5M M^ tsingr ke' 
kwat, jf au. 

Baret, a cardinal's cap, [^C ± f^] # i^ fiilJ ^ ^ 
[jt'in 'chii k6,u'] ,kwan muk, ,sz ^chi ^kiia. [T'ien 
chii ki^u] kiun muh sz chi kwan. 

Barewalls ^^^jt c^a s^'^ V^K ^^Vi- ^^-^ t'u pih 
lih, ^ ^ ^ ^ jWdn 't6 ^sid jin. Hwda td siau 
jen. 

Bargain, an agreement between parties concerning 
the sale of property, ^ ^ t^ ^ ten^* shatj ka' 
jts'in. Ting shih kid ts'ien, f J^ '^^ ting' shat^ 
fo' kd'. Ting shih bo kid, ^^ ti ^ '^°^S 
kd' jts'in. Kidng kid ts'ien, ,%| ^ ^ || 'i teng^ 
kd' jts'in. I ting kid ts'ien, g^ 'j^ j^ ch6uk, shatj 
kd'. Choh shih kid, ^ j§ y£ |^ 'mdi mai' teng' 
jtdn. Mai mdi ting tdn, ^ ^^ teng^ yeuk,. Ting 
yob, MS ^^^ ^^^' y^K <<^bi y^uk,. Mau yih 
chi yob ; an excellent bargain, |^ ^f fat, jts'oi. 
Fdh ts'di, pfl -^ chung' 'shau. Chung shau ; to 
make the best of a bad bargain, ^i^^ ^ (hid 
hang* lat, ^shan. Kidu hing lih shin ; to sell one 
a bargain, |^A ^S^\ sJan, |^,|i ngdk, p'in'; to 
strike a bargain, ^'j^^f^ cheuk, teng* fo' ka'. 
Choh ting ho kid, ^ j^il ^i ka' ,ts'in. 1 kid ts'ien, 
MW)k^ 'kong shat^ fo' kd'. Kidag shih ho kid; 
a bad bargain, Jl^ 'sh^ung tong'. Shang tang; 



nAt 



(UO) 



iSAti 



M. 



bai'gain money, 'j^ ^Jj tanyf jn!,'an. Ting jin, f= 
^ • sun' tens^ Sin ting ; to sell one a good bar- 
gain, V^ 2p. 'mai jp'ing. Miii p'ing; a dtad bar- 
gain, ^ ^^. -^C ^ ni'^^i' tak, t'ai' ,p'ing. Mai tcb 
t'iti p'ing, ^ -f ''f ^p i^ 5/' raui' tak, ^p'ing kwo' 
,t'au. Mai teh p'ing kwo t'au ; by bargain, fju^v] 
,u y^uk,. Ju yob, -f^ ^.} ,i yeiik,. I yob, ll« ^'.j 
cbiu' yeuk,. Cbau yoh. 
Bargain, to sell, f^ mru\ Mai, ^ -^ mii' lui\ Mi'vi 
k u; to trades ^( man*. Man, \( 4,) mau' yik^. 
Man yili, ^ ^ i^: tso' ,shang i'. Tso sang i ; to 
make a contract, jV. f J" ^ lap, ting' ^tj'in. Lib 
ting tan ; to negotiate about tbe price, \^ ^ ^ 
^f ,slieung jltning ka' is'in. Sbhng Using kia ts'ien; 
to fix a bargain, JYi'^ lokj teng^ Lob ting, "f*^ 
'bii teng^. Ilia ting, i|4/£ ,sbauteng'. Sbau ting, 
^'^ (sip, teng'. Tsicb ting; to bargain for, IJ-^Q^ 
,cbam cbeukj. Cliin clioli, [V^ ^ ^sbeung Jeung. 
Sluing liiing, g^ ^ cbcuk, Jeuug. Cboli liang ; 
uill you bargain witli me? M ^|^ $t ^J ^ '•' 
*ngo mau' yik, 'fau. Yii wo man yili fan, [^j ^j^ 

Vi ^-? "fT PM jt'i'"o '"go ^'"'^i n^^'^i' 'iii^ <"^- 
Bargained ^ }|^i teng^ kwo'. Ting kwo ; goods con- 
tracted for, ^ij \\ ebap, fo'. CbAb bo. tifij'f^tl'j 
,cba chap, ko' fo', )x* ^ ;^ ^^ teng' 't'o ^chi fo'. 
Ting t'o cbi bo : fixed tlie purcbase money, /j- i^ 

IM ^ *^"o' *^"'^' ^'^^' s**'*"- '-^'^"o ^<^'o kia ts'ien, 
W^^m ,sli^'<i"g 'i 't'o tong'. Sbang i t'o tdiiij, 
it h p iM fil" ^ 'i ,1<'"S 'koug kMo' ka' ,ts'in. ^I 
king kiang kwo kia ts'ien. 

Bargainee, tbe piubaser, j^ ^ ^miii *cbu. Mai cb6, 
]^P^ hnai ku', ^ i1;<: A '^'" fo' ,cbl jan. Mai 
lio cbi jin. 

Bargainer, tlic seller, 5^'(^ mni"cbe. Jlai cbe, ^^^ 
PJl^A. ni"i'fo'ke'jan, ^^ mm"sl:an. Mai sban. 

Barge, a pleasure boat, i'^ )|g ,fa 't'eng. Uwa t'ing, 
^^ wa"fong. Uwaf/.ng, :?^;!j^ ,14 'fong. llwA 
fiing, -"'J/ ^ ^sbii ,0. Slia ko, ft} \(^ t ,ts'eng jlau. 
Ts'ing lau ; a cargo boat, f^ f^ »1''»'^ *'''<'"n- 
Bw'an t'ing, f;);^ '^'f j|g ,p'un lb' H'eng. PwYm lio 
t'ing, ^ i:tfi ,bo ,sbuii. lio cb'uen, ^ (;{ji jts'o 
jSbiin. T.s'iiu cli'u».'n ; a barge for conveying grain 
to ibe capital, x'!" ^j <^ );||J Avan' ^leung ,ebi ^sbiiu. 
Yu;i liang cbi cb'iicn. 

Barge-couples, two beams mortised tbe one into tbe 
other to sirengtbcji tbe building, J^ ij* -^ 'li"S 



jleung 'cb'i'i. 



Ting X.i 



igcl 



'u. 



Bargeman, the man who manages tbe barge, j|g ^ 



^t'cni^'chii. T'in'' ebu 



Bnrgemaster, tbe proprietor of a barge, conveying 
goods'for hire, ^ i^ 't'eng kd. T'ing kid, |$j^ 4" 



Kicn, 1^'^. 'kd 1, Kicn, iJlJiiJ^' 'ki i ,sli^' Kiea shi; 
fine barilla soap, ^^ ^beung'ka 1. Hiiag kien, 
*ix % '^" '\^in. llwi I kien ; sweet barilla, _t. ^ 
JHU ^ n^ tr sbeung* Alikan .so 'li. Sbing All- 
kin so t4. 

Bark, tbe exterior convering of a tree, ^ ^ shu' 
,p'i. Sbu p'i, :|:|. p'ok,. Bob, ^ bok,. Koh, ^ 
kuk,. Kub, flx kuk.. Kuh ; the bark of tbe mul- 
berry trae, ^ to*. Td, .^ ir. Yii; the rough 
outer bark of a tree, ^ ^ ^p'i ts'eng. P'i ts'ing, 
tr sik,. Sib, '^ tseuk,, Tsioh; tlis middle ditto, ^ 
^ ,p'i jnong. P'i nang ; the inner ditto, Ijt 't'6. 
'T'l'i, i^ ufj. IImoIi; Peruvian bark (Quinine), ^ 
gff^ ^kam kai nat^. Kin ki nub, ^l^ ,kai nat^. 
Ki null; tanner's bark, ^^j^^ tseung' shii' jp'i. 
Tsiang sbu p'i, t^|^)^ Vy\ sliu' jp'i. Lib sbu p'i. 

Bark, to peel, ^ fjj ^ biV shii* ^p'i. K'a shii p'i, 
llJ^mVc.p'i. M.'ip'i, ^Jt^.p'ai^p'i. F£ 
p'i, g( p'ai'. P'ai, iSlJiJ^ kwat, ,p'i. Kwah p'i, ^ 
]^. seuk, ,p'i. Sioh p'i. 

Bark, ") (i|tj jij ^^ ]i^ l:}fi ^leung ,chi piin' ^wai jShiiii. 

Barque, ) Liang cbi pwan Avei cb'uen, ppj j;^ ^ ^ 
'loung jAvai piin' ^shiin. Liang Avei pwaa cb'uen. 

Barkj the peculiar noise of dogs, P^ fai^ Fei, ^ 
,ngan. Yin, ^ '^ ^ ,bau Jiuu ^shing. Hidu 
hiau sbing, D/"£ jau. Yu, ^ bom'. Hien, |f- 
,u. H.i, 5^ Oj? ^id cluV. Yau tsa, f|| jing. Ying, 
^ ,biu. Hiau, .0 jam. Yin, % ^ ,sing ^sing. 
Sing sing, ;;f^^ 'him wai'. K'iuen wei; inces- 
sant barking, >J^ j^ lam' ,ts'am. Lan ts'an. 

Barked, stripped of tbe bar'<, -i'^!^ hii' kwo' jp'L 
K'ii kwo p'i, ^Ji;??!^ mok, kwo'sp'i. Mob kwo p'i. 

Barker, one who strips trees of their bark, -i- (^ ^ 
f, hii' sbii' ,p'i 'che. K'li shii p'i che, ^J ^ ^ 
if> mo'<, shii* jp'i 'che. Mob sbu p'i che. 

Barking, stripping off bark, ^ i^] ^ hii' shii' ^p'i. 
K'ii sbu p'i, ^J f^j ^ mo'<, shii' j)'i. Mob sbu 
p'i ; making tbe noise of dogs, IjA fai'. Fei, |^ ^ 
)Y^ \\{\.u ,hau ,shing. Hiau hiau sbing. 

Barking-irons, instruments used in taking ofif the 

bark of trees, ^WilkM. ^'^' s^'^' iP'^ 'cL'^^' ^''^ 
shii p'i eh 'an. 
Barley ^ ^ tali' ma'c^. Tii meb, $$ ^ ^mau mfikj. 
Mau meb ; pearl-barley, ^ '^i 'i *mai. I mi, J>{ 
lyitr.'i'i i)'!^^^- I i .jiii. ^ t i' ^yan. I jin, ^jf: 
i"mai. I mi, ^^% 'ts'o^cbii'kwai. Ts'au chd 
kwci, [e] IQJ ^ ,1'ii jiii *mai. Hwui hwui mi, ^^ 
kon' ,chi'i. Kan cbu, j»l| ^ igj ii^ ,sai ^fan shuk^ 
jlam. Si fan shuh lin ; barley bread, :^ ^ $M ^ 
tai' niiik, mm* ^"pi'm. Tii meb mieu pau 5 barloy 
broth, 0^ yfl ,pe 'tsau. P6 tsiii. 



H'eng 'chii. T'ing chii, fjl) ^ f^ ,shuu 'chii '16. ' Bmley -sugar ;A; ^ :ft| tii' mi'c, ,t'ong. T4 mch t'Arg. 
Ch'ueu clui 14'j. I Barley-water, a deeociion of barley, :h^M,y^ ^^'■' 

Barilla + , m ^ 'kan ,p'ung. Kicn p'ung, |jjlj 'kin. 1 mi'Cj 'chii 'shui. T4 meb chii sbwui. 

• The :att,r e.xpr..Bsio« i. the. used when ouly «..o co,.por cu.h | ^^J^^' '^f J' Sf kiu' Kilu ; br.vm cck^S. ^^ ^ 
in gu.n as earnest money. tsaukiu. IsiU k-i J, y^] Qj: ,"Jf tsau kau pcng. 

t Ihoso atti.- three namcj arc thicfly used in coiinccUcn rrith Tsili kiau pine:, 
bout* 01 bad veputution. | jj^^.^^^ containi^ug larm or vcast. 0^ Pgt kdu' kuS 

Kiiu [fj{j] tUi, fB fiji Hgit 'tsau kda' k-'. 



; mj^'A-^^,iis'^mtm^n^i(^tm):>- 



^AE 



(l4l) 



HA'Si 



Barn, storehouse for grain, ^-^ kuk, ^ts'ong. Kuh •, 



ts'ong, ^ 
^d, jfong. 



mai lam. 



Mi fing, 



Mi lin ; a stable, ,|]| 
k'au'. K'iu ; a cowhouse, 
^ j^ jUgau Jdn. Niii Idn. 

Barnacle, a shell-fish, which is often found on the 
bottom of ships, 4,^ ^lo, Lo ; a species of goose, 
^1 ^ ,'^SO jmeng. Ngo ming. 

Barometer, an instrument for measuring the weight 
or pressure of the atmosphere, ^ \^ ■0-j- ,fung 'ii 
,cham. Fung yu chin, i^M.M1i^^\ A^^ 
^t'in hi' At lik, ^chi ^cham. Chen t'ien k'i y^h lib 
chl chin, ^ ^ -^ f J M. ^ }^^^S .^'^^ ^^' t^^ng 
chung' jCham. Li^ng t'ien k'i k'ingchung chin. 

Barometrical, pertaining to the barometer, ^p}f $f 
V^ iung '•u. ^cham ke', M,nli^+^\I .f^iig'ii <cham 
tikj. Fung yii chin tih. 

Baron, a title of nobility, ^ ^ndm. Nan, ^^^^ 
,nlrm tseuk ,chi ch'inff. Ndn tsioh chl ch'ins : a 
husband, ^ ^ cheung^ ,fu. Chdng fii. 

Baronage, the whole body of barons, ;^ ^ ^ M ^ 
,ndm tseuk ,chi t'unsf ch'insr. Ndn tsioh chi 
t'ung ch'ing ; the whole body of peers, fg-^ ^chii 
jhau. Chii hau. 

Baroness, a baron's wife or lady, ^ \ /li jan. Fii 
jin. 

Baronet, a degree of honor next below a baron, ^ 
^ tsung^ juam. Tsung ndn, ^tW^'^^^W 
*ts'z tseuk, shi' 4' ^ii ^nSm ts6uk,. Ts'z tsioh shI 
yd yd ndn tsioh. 

Baronetcy, the rank of a baronet, ^ J5 ^ tsung' 
jpim ts6ukj. Tsung nan tsioh. 

Baronial, pertaining to a baron, ;^|^|^»J ^nkm ts^uk, 
tik,. Nan tsioh tih, ^ ^ V^ ^nam tseuk, ke'. 

Barony, the lordship, honor or fee of a baron, ^ 
^ '(i ^nkm tseuk^ wai'. Nan tsioh wei, ^ ^ ^ 
^ 1^ juim ts6uk, ^chi 'fung luk^. Nda tsioh chi 
fung luh. 

Baroscope, an instrument to show the weight of the 
atmosphere, M^MMMZ^ J^ung c^'in hi' 
jheng chung' ,chi hi'. Liang t'ien k'i k'ing chung 
chi k'i. 

Barouche, a four-wheeled carriage, ^ "^ ^shdung 
jCh'6. Shwang ch'e, ^ ^ ^ ^sh6ung 'ma ^ch'6. 
Shwang md ch'6. 

Ban'a, in Portugal and Spain, a long measure for 
cloths. Amn^ r!l: m^^J^Zm Tdi Sai- 
y6ung k'apj Saipannga jleung tok, ^chi ^ch'ing. Td 
Siyang kih Sipanya lidng toh chi ch'ing. 

Barracada H ^ j^ ji^^eng. Yu ming. 

Barracan, a thick, strong stuff, something like cam- 
let, ^|g 'u tun^ Yu twan, M^|g .ts'5 'ii tiin'. 
Ts'u yu twan. 

Barrack, a hut for soldiers, ^ ^ cPi^^g s^J^'- Ping 
shid; a house ditto, -^f^ (Pi^^g /o^o- I'i^gf^Qg> 
^ 1^ cPinS 'ch'ong. Ping ch'ang, -^ ^ jing 
jfong. Yiug fang, j^ 'u. Wu, J?§ f: ^tui chap^. 
Tui ts^h; ditto for oflBlcers, "^ j|| ^kiin ,tui. Kwan 
tui. 
Barrack-master, the officer who superintends the 



barracks of soldiers, ^^ -^ f^ ^ *i^ 'kiin ^ping 
jfong jChi ^kiin. Kwan ping fang chi kwdn, 3i| 
■^fMZ'^ ^li (Ping jfong ^chi ^kun. LI ping fdng 
chi kwan. 

Barracoon, in Africa, a fort, ^'^ i^ p'du' ^t'oi. P'du 
t'di ; a place where slaves are kept, ^ f^" ^nb 
'kun. Nu kwdn ; in China, the place where the 
deluded or kidnapped men are kept until they are 
shipped for Cuba, Peru &c., ^§ f^ |'g chii 'tsai 
'kun. Chii tsz kwdn. 

Bari'as, the resin which exudes from wounds made 
in the bark of fir trees, vji^ ^ jts'ung ^h^ung. 
Sung hiang, j;^ ^^ shu' ^kdu. Shu kiau. 

BaiTator, one who frequently excites suits at law, 

^ ^ (^^ 'P^^- So pdi. 

Barred, fastened with a bar, ^ {^ ^shan chu\ Swdn 
chii ; hindred, |g f| tarn kok,. Tan koh, |5JL f^ 
'cho chai". Tsii chi ; forbidden, ^ P|i£ kam' ke', 
^ 1^^ kam' tik,. Kin tih. 

Barrel, a cask, H g |jf] ^p'i ^p'd 't'ung. P'l p'd 
t'ung, ;Js; ;j.|j tai' 't'ung. Td t'ung ; the quantity 
which a barrel contains, — t%\^' ^ J^^, 't'ung 
kom' ^to. Yih t'ung kdn to, - -^^ yat, 't'ung. Yih 
t'ung; a barrel of flower, ^^^ — H^ min^ ^fd yat, 
't'ung. Mien hwd yih t'ung; the barrel of a quill, 
^^ ^mb 'kiin. Mau kwdn ; the barrel of a gun, 
§g }^ jts'eung yukj. Tsidng juh, ^ ^ ^ts'eung 
,shan. Ts'idng shin, P 'hau. K'au, ^ 'hom. 
Kdn; a wine barrel, v^^^ 'tsau 't'ung. Tsiii t'ung; 
a water barrel, ^JC /|i^ 'shui 't'ung. Shwui t'ung ; 
a cavity behind the tympanum of the ear, ^ j^j 
^ 'i noi- k'iii*. ilh nui kiau ; a tube, ^ j^'ung. 
T'ung ; an iron cylinder, $^ "^ fit, jt'ung. T'ieh 
t'ung. . 

Barrel, to put in a barrel, as powder, ^ ^ yapj 
yeukj. Jih yoh. 

Barrel-bellied, i^ ^ tai^ fuk. Tdfuh, ^ijgg fuk, 
jP'ia ,p'in. Fuh p'ien p'ien. 

Barreled, a six-barreled pistol, y^T P {ll^ luk^ 'hau 
p'du'. Luh k'au p'du, t*^ ^ if^ luk^ 'h5m p'lu'. 
Luh kdn p'du ; a two-barreled ditto, ^ P >f^ 
^sheung 'hau p'du'. Shwang k'au p'du, |<|f ^ jJliii 
Heung 'horn p'du'. Lidiig kh-n p'du ; a tAvo-bar- 
reled gun, [ijf ^ i^ leung 'hom ,ts'eung. Liing 
kdn ts'idng, "^ ^ |g ^sheung 'hbm ^ts'eung. 
Shwang kdn ts'idng ; to put in a barrel, A "j^l^ 
yap, lok, 't'ung. Jih loh t'ung, ^f^^% fong' lokj 
't'ung. Fang loh t'ung, ;i^ ifi: ^ PJ fong' tsoi* 



"■fung noi^ F'dng tsdi fung nui. 



Ban'en, not producing offsprings (applied to beasts), 
ijg 'f 6. T'au, :f /J^i -f fl^i ((^ P paf ^shang 'tsz 
tik, ^shang 'hau. Puh sang tsz tih sang k'au, ^ 
ff 4t "is ^mo 'tsai ^shaug ke' ; a barren mare, '^ 
f ||d) I'jij pat, -hd ,k'u tik^. Puh hid k'ii tih ; a 
barren cow, |fe^^^'^ j^^ ^^K c^^^^ ji^gau. Wii 
tub chl niii ; a barren A\'omb, ^ ^ shek^ ^f oi. 
Shih f di ; a barren woman, fj|f f^ iV c^^^ *P'*^ 
,kung. Sin p'du kung, fj,^§>2S ,san*fu^kung. Sin 
fii kung, ;g ^ shek, 'nii. Shih nu, ^ ^ ^ ^ni 



BAR 



(U2) 



BA8 



,ku ,p'o. Ni kil p'o, ^ >^ ^ ;^ it^i ,m6 ^ghang P^Pgf^A .8^611 ,mun ,m 'pi yap^. Sw6n mun wu 

'cli'an .chi ^fi'i. Wu sang eli'dn chi fu, 2?^ ^ ;<>: pi jih. 

^i? P^^ y^^j c*^'^^ '^"- ^'^'"^ y^^^ ^^'^ ^"» '^T' ^' -^I Barrister, a counselor, learned in the laws, qualified 

and admitted at the bar, Jjjt^jg chong* ,8z. Chw6ng 
•^2. 9J Jjjc ^rli lining chong* ^8Z. Ming chwdng sz ; 
native ditto, gjfi^ ,sz j6. Sz ye ; pettifogger, ^ 
^ chong* kwan'. Chwang kwan, |^ -jg tsung' 
kwan'. Sung kwan, ^^ ,pdu tsung*. Pau sung. 
^Pi5 tsung^ ^z. Sungsz, ^HJ^gip^ ,p&u chong^ 



^^ pat, *yani ,chl fu. Puh jin chi fu ; not fer 
tile, as land, ^ J^ ,hku kok,. Ki^u koh, ^ 
j^ ,hau ti'. KlAu ti, j% tjjj shau' ti'. Sau ti, ^ 
j^ tsik, tI^ Tsih ti, ^^ ± tsik, 't'5. Tsih 
t'u. ^ ki M^^ *'•'• J^" ti ; "^aste, j^ ^fong. 
Ilwdng, 1^ ^ jliin ,lun. Lwan Iwan, ^ jUiong. 
M^ng; a 1)an-en mountain, ^ (Jj t'lik, ^shfin. 
T'uh shdn, ll^ jiii. Hwui ; a barren year, J£ d^ 
.fongjnin. Ilwung nicn, |2<|4|^ Jmng ^nin. lliung 
nien, H ^ ^i ^nin. Ki nien, ^ i^^ hip^ jUin. 
Hieh nicn ; barren, uncultivated land, ^^^^ 
pat, .m6 ^chi ti'. Puh m^u chi ti, J^^J^Mfe J^ong 
'yd ^chi ti\ Ilwdng y6 chi ti ; barren of interest, 
ilEg^l^ ,m5 1' mi'. Wi'i iwi,'MWiM^ tdm^ ^i 
,m6 mi'. Tan rh wu wi ; barren matter, fS^^^ 
^ jUio yik, ^chi sz\ Wu yih chi sz ; baii'en of 
news, ^-{iirr^] ^mo mat, ,san ^man, %^ ^fong 
,man. Hwdng wan. 

Barrenness, applied to women, ^ ^ shekj ^t'oi. 
Shiht'di; inifertility, ^i^ shau'tf. Sauti; w^ant 
of the power of producing anytliing new, ^ tun*. 
Tun; barrenness of spiritual feelings, ^'|^|§' ^mo 
jts'ing *sii. Wii ts'ing si'i. 

Barricade, a fortification made in haste, f^ chdung'. 
Chang, ^ |J^ ^p6 ch6ung'. Pdu chdng, g^ % 
/ong 't6. Edng tii, 1% 'u. Wi'i, ^fct-ii ch'ak, ,ldn. 
Ch'/ih Idn, K^f"^ sfoJ^o P^,- I'^ng pih, ^^tg hon^ 
jiin. Hdn hiuen ; to set up a barricade, ^ ^ J§ 
chuk, hon' ^un. Chuh hdn hiuen, ^l^^f^ chuk, 
jfong ch6ung'. Chuh fft.ng chdng, |j^ j^ ch'it, 
'pdn. Sheh pdn. 

Barricade, to .stop up a passage, ^^ 'hi chdp^. K'i 
chdh, j^l^ 'hi ch6ung*. K'i chdng ; to banicade 
a street, pj^ ^fongsak,. Fdngseh, ^^^ sak, 
chil* ,k&.i. Sell chu kidi. 

Barrier, a kind of fence made in a passage, ^ ^ 
,kwdn chdp^. Kvvdn chdh ; a wall for defense, ^ 
jt';ii. T'i, :^ .fan. Fan, |^ ^ /ong pik,. Fdng 
pih, |f$^ clidung' sak,. Ch&ng seh; a fortress on 
the frontier of a countiy, st^i^^Sl^ chan' 'king 
p'au' ,t'oi. Chin king p'du t'di, ^^^^-^ 'shau 
■him p'du' ,t'oi. Shau hien p'au t'di, ^^^-^ 
'.shau ai* pYiu' jt'oi. Shau ydi p'du t'di ; a fort on 
a pass, BiJRji^rj ,l<wdn ai'p'du'jt'oi. Kwdn ydi 
p'du t'di ; natm"al barriers of a country, ^ ^ \ 
,t'in ,i. T'i(m i ; an obstruction in a rojid, ^ ^ 
1(V ^kwdn. Lu kwdn, |^ ^ lo' chdp,. M chdh ; 
an obstruction made of wood, ^ 'in. Yen ; any 
obstruction, ^ |^ sP'i'^S chdung'. P'ing chdng, 
|511^'cho ngoi^ Tsungdi. 

Barring, making fast with a bar, j!l^ j^ ^shan chii'. 
Swdn chii, p] ^ ,kwdn chii'. Kwdn chu; ob- 
structini;', j^^,^ ^sheung chdpj. Shdng chfih ; ob- 
stnicting, \i^ ^jj 'cho chai'. Tsu chi ; preventing, 
+Mti^ M^^ kok,. Tdn koh. 

5arring-out, exclusion of a person fi-om a place, f^ 



,sz 



ye. 



Pdu chwdng sz ye. 

BaiTow, a Avheel-barrow, ^ luk,. Luli; a light small 
carriage, ^ |^ luk, ,t'au. Lull t'au, ^ ^ 'shau 
.ch't5. Shau ch'6, ^ ^ Svdn ^ch'd. Wan ch'6 ; a 
bod, :j:f ni. Li. 

Ban'ow, a male hog, castrated, ^ ^ <f^ ,im .chii 
,kung. Yen chu kung, j^ ^ yuk^ .chu. Juh chu, 
.chii. Chu, ^ ^ jfan 'ch'i. Fan ch'i ; barrow 
grease, ^yft .chii ^yau. Chii yii. 

BaiTow, a hillock or mound of earth, intended as a 
repository of the dead, j^ jam. Yin. 

Barshot, double-headed shot, ^ ^ »|^ ^ .sheung 
jt'au p'du' Vn^i. Sh^vdng t'au p'du md, ^ S^ )l^ 
^ *16ung jt'au p'au' ^md. Liang t'au p'du ma. 

Barter, to traffic by exchanging one commodity for 
another, ^ mau*. Mau, ^ ^ kau vik^. Kidu 
rih, ^^ mau' yik^. Man yUi, i^Mi'S"^ "' f«' 



yik, fo'. I ho yih ho, \>Jifi^^'{ fo' lin' fo'. 1 
ho hwdn ho, j^^ tui' lin^ Tiii hwdn, ^ ^ lin' 
yikj. Hwdn yih, '^ ^ 'chun chit,. Chun cheli ; 
to take cloth and barter it for silk, t@ fl^ $^ ^ 
'p'6 p6' mau' .sz. P'du pu mau sz. 

Bartered, given in exchange, ^ ^ yikj kwo'. Yih 
kwo, ^^^'^ tiii' un' kwo'. Tui hwdn kwo. 

Barterer, one who traffics by exchange of commodi- 
ties, ^^^ mau^ yikj 'chd. Mau yih che, ^^ 
^ ^kdu yik^ 'ch6. 

Bartering ^ ^ mau' yik,. Mau yih, ^ ^ .kdu 
yilq. Kidu yih. 

Bartholomew-day ^A ,^11+53 H Ying pdt, Qt^ 
i' shapj sz' yatj. Ying pdh yueh rh shili sz jih, 



}g ^ ch'ii' 'shii. Ch'u shu 
Baryta, the heaviest of the earths, M ^ ^ jb chi' 

chung' ,chi 't'6. Chi chung chi t'li. 
Barytone, a grave, deep sound, f^ ^ ^ch'am y&va. 

Ch'in yin. 
Barytum, a metal, the basis of baryta, ^ ]^ .kam 

lui'. Kin lui, 3* g £ ;^ TJS |f chi' chun^ Vb 

,chi 'pun chaty Chi chung t'li chi pun chih. 
Basalt, a rock of igneous origin, J^ ^ |§ Jjj(J <1 ^ 

*l 'fo jyung jSliing ^cht shek,. I ho jning ching chi 

shih. 
Basaniti", Lydian stone, or black jasper, S^ ^ -^ 

hak, yukj shek^. lleh yuh shih. 
Basbleue, a blue stocking, ^ ^ *nil 'sz. Xashi. 
Base, mean, ^ ^ j)i tsin'. PI tsien, gg ^ >'! 

tsin*. P'l tsien, "j; ^ hd' tsin'. Hid tsien, ^ 

'p'l lau'. P'l lau, jfg RH Hai tsin'. Ti tsien, 

.tai tsln\ TI tsien, "7; ^ hd' >u. Uiii liii, 

7V if hd* tsok,. Hid tsoh, ^ ^ t'dp, ^j-ung. 




BAS 



(143) 



BAS 



T'ah Jung, % g t'% jung, ^|||f pni^ ^f=z. PI sz, 
7; ^ P|t hd- 'tang U\ Hia tang [Q^] tih ; base 
actions, Ip M ^ ^1 M P'^ ^^^^^ c^^^^ cliang ^wai. 
P'i lau Chi hang wei, ^ ^ P^E ^7 A .P^ t^in^ 
ke' ,hang ,wai, f^Z^M ^''^' ^sin' <chl ,hang 
^-vvai. Hia tsien chi hang wei, "F (^|§ <i^ tr ^ ^^" 
lau' ^chi jhang ^wai. Hi^ lau chi hang wei, ^ [(^ 
ZTi '^ wai^ lau- ^chi ^hang ^wai. Hwdi lau chi 
hang wei ; very base actions, ^ jj^ ^^ tsin- kwo' 
'kau. Tsien kwo kau, i^'/^:^^^ ,pi ,u 'kau tsin". 
Pi wu kau tsien ; a base fellow, ^;^'f§"f' <y^^^o 
fii tsukj "^tsz. Yung fii suh tsz, — ■ IZ5 M ■^ J^\ 
p'at, ,ts'un /u. Yih p'ih ts'un fu, ^ P|g E ^ 
'p'i lau- p'at, ^fu. P'i lau p'ih fii ; base in the ex- 
treme, ^ "yr ^ 'ho hi'r tsin'. Hau hia tsien, "J\ 
^-^M li^' tsin- ,chi chi'. Hid tsien chi chi, ;g 
gR ^ tsui' 'p'i tsin^ Tsui p'i tsien, J^ B| $|j % 
,pi tsin' t6' kik,. Pi tsien tdu kih, ^ ^ PlE kik, 
tsin- k6' ; base metal, i^^ ,tai ^kam. Ti kin, ^| 
^ tsdp, ^kam. Tsdh kin ; infamous, &E|g]^ ^mo 
miA' jp'i. Wii mien p'i, j^ ^j| g^ mut^ "lim tik,. 
Muh lien till, V^ -^ ^ ^ ^m. 'hb ,slung ^meng. 
Wu hdu shing ming, ^ ^ ^^ ^meng ,shing 
pai" wai'. Ming shing pai hwai, ^ Y ^ ^ wAi^ 
Mill jShing jUiing. Hwai liau shing meng, ^ ;g 

tsik^. Shing ming j 



p'ih, iM P <P'i^ P'ik,- P'ien p'ih. 

Baseless, without a base, 4K^J;j|- ^mo ,ki 'clii. Wii 
ki chi, |ffij:-l}i ,m6 ti^ keuk,. Wu ti kioh, M 
t^ 2J5C jmo ,kan 'pun. Wu kin pun. 

Basely, in a base manner, ^^()|@ 'ho p'i lau'. Hdu 
p'i lau, UM^ 'p'i P'ik, tik,. P'i p'ih tih, 3^^ 
^ Wt <^wai p'ik, 'k6m yeung'. Kwdi p'ih kdn 
yang; dishonorably, -gjj^^ 'p'i ^in. P'i jen, |^^ 
p'ik,>. P'ih jen. 

Basement, the ground floor of a building, ^ ^jj^ ^ki 
'chi. Ki chi, i^ ^ ti" k6uk^. Ti kioh ; basement 
room, {§ 7; P^ f I ti- ha' ke' ,fong. 

Baseminded, mean, ^'^ 'p'i p'ik^. P'i p'ih. 

Baseness, meanness, ^^ ,pi tsin^ Pi tsien, ^'jf^ 
^pi u. Pi wu ; baseness of metal, j^ ^ ngai' 
jUgan. Wei yin, ||^] ^ jt'ung ^ngan. T'ung yin. 

Basenet, a helmet, ^ ^kw'ai. Kwei. 

Base-string, the string of an instrument, which pro- 
duces the lowest note, !^^|^ ^ch'am jam sin'. 
Ch'in yin sien, -j^ ^ ||^ ^tai ^shing sin'. Ti shing 
sien, ife^^,tai>. Ti hien. 

Bashaw, the title of the prime vizier of Turkey, ^ 
;ji|f pdi' seung'. Pai siting ; the title of viceroys, 
or governors of provinces, ^,^ 'tsung tuk^. Tsung 



lang 
luk^ 



shing 
tsih ; very 



o ji^ieng ^ 



Ions 
common. 



1'.;' 
o\ : 



yung jlau. Luh luh yung 



,yung luk, ke', j^^ ,fan /u. Fan fu, ji |f ,fan 
,yung. Fdn yung ; bom out of wedlock, ^ -^ 
■y6 'tsz. Y6 tsz, ^^fj- tsap, 'chung 'tsai. Tsah 
chung [-f'] tsz ; the child of a concubine, ^ ■^ 
ff d' -nai 'tsai, ^^ff ts'ip^ shi' 'tsai. Ts'ieh shi 
tsz, J[ff {jjP^ shii' ch'ut, k^' ; bom of a prostitute, 
:^^'ff 'h^ 'kii 'tsai. Lau ku tsz, ^g ^ ^ch'eung 
'tsz. Ch'ang tsz, j^ it§ ^ ki' 'fii 'tsz. Ki fii tsz, 
~]r ® ~f' shap^ 'chung 'tsz. Sliih chung tsz ; the 
base (in music), ^ ^ ^ch'am jam. Ch'in yin. 

Base, the bottom of anytliing, }^ 'tai. Ti ; founda- 
tion, ;g ijt ,ki 'chi. Ki chi, ^ ti^ k6uk,. Ti 
kioh, ^ ^ tf ,ki. Ti ki, i^ ilt tr 'chi. Ti chi ; 
the base of a pillar, jj^ ^ 'ch'ii k^uk . Ch'u kioh, 
j^ IS -ch'ii 'tai. Ch'u ti, i^ ^ -ch'u ^tim. Ch'ii 
tun, ^ ^chan. Chin, J^ ,song. Sang, i^ 'ch'o. 
Ts'u, i^ % ^ch'ii 'tai. Ch'u chi, f^ ,k'in. K'ien, 
^ sik,. Sih, ^ tsan'. Tsan ; the base of a plougli, 
^JS <i^i tai. Li ti ; the base of a triangle, — /^ 
J^'^'fel^ <^^^ kok ^ying ^chi ^tai sin'. Sdn koh 
hing chi ti sien, -^ ^kau. Kau. 

Base, to reduce the value by the admixture of mea 



. *^ ^ 'lii jt'oi. Fil t'ki ; a proud, tyrannical, 

, ucdiing man, ^j§P|5E A. jts'an y^uk, ke' ,yan, 

luk, I ^J^^ A po^ y^uk, ^chi jan. Pau nioh chi jin. 

liu, 1^ ^ P|t i Bashful, as Chinese women, f^ H p'a' 'ch'au. P'a 



ch'au, '1'^ ^ p'&,' ^sau. P'a siii, -^ ^ ^hom ^sau. 
Han siii, %^ ^ tdi' kw'ai'. Tai kw'ei, |t Wl 'P'« 
^ts'iim. P'au ts'an, I^^Yo kw'ai'. P'au kw'ei, 
^M. <chi cSau. Chi sid, ^|fi^ ,chi 'ch'i. Chi ch'i, 
•j^ ^ s^^ai ,sau. Hwai siii, -^ ^ wai' ^sau. Wei 
si«, ^ M ^'i^•' &^ yau jlim 'ch'i tik,. Yii lien ch'i 
till, M 11 shilv, 'ch'au. Shih cli'au, j^ * hip, 
chi'. Hieh chi, f^\l j^ 'nan jUgun. Nan yen, ^ 
hip,. Hieh, ^!]f ^i^ts'z. I ts'z, fgj^if min^p'i 
pokj. Mien p'i poh, ^^ ch'ik^ min'. Ch'ih mien, 
I® tea: min^ ,t6 ,hung.^ Mien til hung, ^^pt^J^ 
j^ jgj ^fa kom' jhung ^fiii min'. Hwa kau hung 
t'iau mien, ^ kw'ai'. Kw'ei, -^ ^^ wai' 'sai. 
Wei si, 1^ 'chan. Chin, j-^ 'tin. Tien. 

Basil, fragrant, f^ ^ 'tsz ^su. Tsz sii, ^ ^ j'liuj? 
hoi'. Ning hdi, ^ 'shii. Shii, ^ kii'. Kit ; basil 
royal, ^^ (?) jlo ^k'an. Lo k'in. 

Basil, the shop or angle of a tool or instrument, as 
of a chisel, ^^ p 'k'i 'hau. K'i k'au, ^ (?) ,k'i. 
K'i. 

Basilar process of the temporal bone, ^ '^ jiin 
kwat . Yuen kuh. 



ner metals, fj(j$,-^ ts6^ ngai' kam. Tso wei kin, | Basilica, the middle vein of the arm, -^^t^ ^J^ 
^ % ^ (k'au ,tai ^kam. K'ii ti kin. | ^ 'shau pi' ^chung jiii hilt^ 'ki'ni. Sliau pi chung 

Base-bom, you base-bom runt, ^ -^ g^ tsin^ kwat, liwui hiueh kwdn. 

jt'au. Tsien kuh t'au ; see under Base. j BasiKcon, ointment, \^ ^ '^ ^ ^ts'uug ^heung ^ko 

Based, reduced in value, ^ ^^ ^ ts6' kwo' <p'ing. [ veuk,. Sung hidng kau yoh, [|fl t^ .ff — ■ jfy, -||- 
Tso kwo p'ing, ^ fl^ m ts6^ ,tai ,ngan. Ts&u ti j m^ fvM M vfi ::! + '^. ^ ^ ffli # Pi ft] 
yin ; founded, jt^ Silt iap^ kwo' ,ki 'chi. Lih , Basilisk 1,^ ^ M^ '-^"fe <^^^^ ^^^^^'-i i^""'^^ tuk^ ^sh^. 
kwo ki chi. Hwang shwoh wei tuh shi6. 

Base-hearted, vile in heart, 3JB^ ,kw6i jt'ik,. Kwdi Basin, a deep, |^ ^au. Ngau : a flat ditto, /^ 'dn, 



BAS 



(144) 



BAS 



Wdn ; Avasli hand ditto, \ti\ f-\^ mln' ,p'un. Mien 
pw'iin, 1^ !i'i ^ 'sai mfn' ,p'un. Si mien pw'dn, 
yj{;-|j^ff,i^'sai ^Jira ,p'un. Si lien pw'an ; a basin to 
hold water J[|^ 'nga /u. Yd ngau ; a rice basin, 
1^^ fdn^ 'un. Tan wjin ; a large ditto, |53£ ^^"i* 
,u. Fanyu,|;f jk'iu. KViu,;^;|$atdl''un. Tavvdn; 
a middling ditto, PJI ^ ,chung 'un. Chung wdn ; 
a small one ditto, yj\ ^ 'siii 'un. Sidu \v{in, ^ 
;|^ 8ai"un. Siwdn, ^,hai. Hi, -g ,cbiu. Chdu; 
a (Chinese) soup basin, :;^ '^ ^ tdi' ,t'ong 'un. 
Td t'dng wiin-, basins or dishes for Chinese vege- 
tables, li^ ^ ts'oi' sP'un. Ts'di pw'dn ; a wooden 
basin, ^ ,p' tin, Pw'dn, :f^'> 'lin. Wan ; a vessel 



used in sacrificing, 



^1 



jing kang. Hing 



kang, IfJ ^i ^jVing 'ting. Hing ting, ^ ^ 'kwai 
'lin. Kwei wan; a brass basin, |jn|^ ,t'ung^p'un. 
T'ung pw'dn ; a circular valley, ^ lU ^ jWdn 
,8hdn kukj. Hwdn shdn kuh ; the tract of a val- 
ley, drained by some river, '}_£ ^ .kong kuk,. 
Kidng kuh ; the scale of a balance, ^^^ <t'in 
jP'ing jP'un. T'ien p'ing pw'dn. 

Basincd, inclosed in a basin, ^ •j^ ^ (^ tsoi' lok^ 
jP'un noi'. Tsdi loh pw'annui, ^<^^p^ ^chong 
tsoi' jP'un noi'. Chwdng tsai pw'an nui. 

Basin-shaped, having the shape or form of a basin, 
'P.MZ^ 'ts'z iP'un ,chi shik,. Sz pw'dn chi 
sih, tU li^^Wli^ iV'^^ '^^^ y^ung^. Ju pw'dn 
kdn ydng. 

Basis, the foundation of anything, '^ j;]^ ^ki *chi. 
Kl chi, J;^ f^ ti^ k^uk,. Ti kioli, ^-jlijl ^kl k6uk,. 
KI kioh, ^ iili ,ki ti\ Ki ti ; the foundation 
stone, Mfc jjtp ;g tf keuk, shek^. Ti kioh shih, iifc 
4^ * 5 ti^ s"S^^ shek^. Ti niu shih, ^ ;g 'ch'o 
shekj. Ts'u shih. 

Bask, to be exposed to genial heat, B^^5J5 shdi' it 
jt'au. Shdi jch t'au, if§ shai' yat,. "shdi jib, |j^ 
pukj yat^. Pub jib, |j| Bj shdi' puk,. Sluii 
puh ; to be at ease and thriving under benign in- 
fluences, )i^ W] M Z M> c^^ini ^u 16^ ,chi jan. 
Chen yu lu chi ngan, v,!,' H QU ^^ ,chlm yat, 
chili' jChi jan. Chen jib chdu chi ngan. 

Basket, a basket with square sides, -^ ,hong (^kw'fing) . 
Kw'j'mg, >f^ -^ ,k'ing;hong. King kw'dng, ^ 
,t8'dm ; a round ditto, ^ 'li. Pi, ^ 'kii. Ku ; 
basket for sending presents in, -^ ^ <hong 'fi. 
Kw'dng fi ; general term for a basket, ^ ,1dm. 
L^'ii. ii^ .IJ^iu .kwang. Ldn kw'dng ^^ ^Idm 
lap,. Ldn lib ; a bask(!t Avith a wide mouth and 
narrow bottom, ^ :^ 'kau [kau' ?J ,ling. Kau 
ling ; a basket used for putting the sacrificial rice 
into, '^^ 'fii 'kwai. Fd kwei ; a basket for i-ear- 
ing silk worms, \^ m. Ngau ; a covered basket, 
is & hop^ ,lo. Hob lo, Yf ^ chuk, hop,. Chub 
hob ; an eared basket, ^ ^g ,ts'o ,lo. Ts'o lo ; a 
fish basket, </! ^ ^il k'aj),. Yii kih ; a globular 
basket, ^fi;^ 'cbung Vim. Chung t'ien; a mar- 



ket basket, ^^ ,kung ,1dm. K» ng Ian ; a money 
basket, f^ ff jlo 'tsai ; a partition basket, ^ ^ 
k Vc, jidm. Keh liin ; a peddling basket, \B ^g 



t im' ,lo. Tdn lo ; a rattan basket, 



,t'ang 



• The C'liinew! I.ury a nunil>urot' Binnll fiioires of cattle umler- 
iiouth li.i. '.uuntluticii, lioiuwLich the £rst ilouo Ucvivoi its 
uamo. 



jldm. T'ang ldn ; a refuse paper basket, ^^ 'chi 
lap,. Chi lih ; a round osier basket, '^ ,t'im. 
Tw'dn, ^ ,chun. Chuen, %^ ch'u'. Ch'ii, a 
sprout basket, ^ t'iu*. T'idu ; a tall ditto, f| 
kwai'. Kwei ; a sunning basket, ^^ shdi' ,p'un. 
Shdi pw'dn ; a tary basket, ^ ,li. Li ; a wheat 
basket, ^ ^ mdk^ ,lung. Meh lung ; a basket 
scuttle, ^% fat, 'ts'am. Puh ts'dn, ^;g ,lui U 
Lui li ; a dirt basket, ^ ^ ^ Idp, sdp, 'ts'am. 
Lieh sfeh ts'dn, jg ^. ,pun ,ki. Pwdn ki, ^ 'chu. 
Chii, W^^l^i fat, ,nai 'ts'am. Puh ni ts'dn, i 
^ V6 kwai'. T'li kwei, % Mui. Lui, |^ ,fu. Fu; 
a basket for taking fish, f| ^ ,ii kau. Yii kau, 
^ f. ,lung chau'. Lung chau, ^ 'ku. Ku ; a 
basket for containing sacrificial fruits, ^ g ^pin 
tau^ Pien tau ; a basket used in sacrifice, i^ 
jliii. Lidu ; a basket for rice, .j^ ^ 'tau ^shau. 
Tau shau, ^ft. ,shau ,ki. Shau ki, % .tdn.' Tdn. 
^ kdk,. Keh ; a basket for washing rice, ^ 
jeung. J^ng, ^ ^ '^^ 'sai 'mai ,lo ; a scholar's 
basket, H*^ hdp^ tsz'. Kieh sz; a wicker basket, 
^ ^ 'h&u U6. K'du Idu ; a grain basket, ;)jt ^ 
*mai jt'iin. Mi tw'dn ; a basket for chopsticks, ^ 
^ chu' ^t'ung. Ch'u t'ung, ^ ^ ,ts'im ^jnng. 
Ts'ien ying ; a fruit basket, iif ^ ff chuk, hip^ 
'tsai ; a basket for poultry, ^^f| ,kai 6p, ,lung. 
Ki ydh lung ; baskets made of flowers :^ ^ ^fd 
,1dm. Hwd lim ; a basket to carrj- pigs in, ^g- ^ 
,chu lap,. Chii lih, ifg- f^ ^ ,chu 'tsai lap . Chii 
tsz lih, i§ m jCbvi jlung. Chii lung ; each basket 
of coal, j^ — ^ ^ t'dn' yat, bp, bp,. T'dn yih 
lih lih. 

Basket-maker ftgKOili^ chuk, hi' sz fd'. Chub k'i 
sz fd, fi.^eifif# chik, ,lo ,sz fd'. Chih lo sz fd. 

Basket-liilt, a hilt of a swoixl which covers the band 
with a kind of basket work, 0] ^ m kim' ,t'au 
jlung. Kien t'au lung. 

Basking, exposing or lying exposed to the continued 
action of the sun or beat, ^ shdi'. Shdi. 

Bas- Belief, see Bass- Relief. 

Bass, in music, the base, ^^ ,tai ,5'am. Ti yin, ^ 
^ ,tai ,8hing. Ti shing, -j^ ^ ,tai wan'. Ti yun, 
JJC ^ jCh'am jam. Ch'in yin. 

Bass-relief, sulpture, whose figures do not stand out 
far from tlie ground, H^V^Z'Vi .tiu in' ,chi ,fd. 
Tidu hien chi hwft, ^ -\^ ,fau la. Pau hwd, ^ 
m^ t^ /a« tat, W ,fk, mff^^^^h .y^ung .fau 
tik, ,1a. Ydng fau tih hwh, '^j^ i^ |^j :^ ^sham ti' 
lik, fd. Shin ti tih hwd, j^ iilifiij V^ 'ts'iu ti' tik, 
,fd. Ts'ien tltih hwd, j^^p^fh^i <t»u ,fau tat, .fd. 
Tiitu fau tub hwd. 

Bass-viol, a musical instrument, used" for playing 
the bass or gravest jjart, ;f J£ gf (/y j^ ,eh'am jam 
8z' jin. Ch'in yin sz hien. 

Bassot-horn, a musical instrument resembling a 



r..vs 



(143) 



1\\t 



clarinet, but of much greater compas3, ;^ |^' tai^ 



jt'ung. Tii t'ung. 



Bcssetto, a, \^^'^^ sz' .in. Sz Lien. 

Bassinet, a wicker basket, wiili a hood over cue end, 
in •u'hicli infants are placed, 0|^ \}^j ,mi;i jhim. 
Mien hvn, [J§ f^ shui' jlani. Shwui hin, ^\^ ^ 
,t'ui jlilm. 

Bass-mat, matting made of (lie inner bark of trees, 
^ ^ ^ sbii' ,p'i tsik^. Shii p'i tsib. 

Bassoon, a musical wind instrument, ;/; |fl^ ^0 tai* 
,wang ttk,. Til hung till ; [pa ha.] 

Basso-relievo, see Bass-Ptelief. 

Basso-repieno, the base of a grand chorus, ^^i ^ ^ 
^ ngik, ^chi ,ch'am jam. Ngoh chi ch'in yin, 
^ZlUktj "go^'i f^^^ ctai ,J'an:. Ngoh chi ti yin. 

Bast, the inner bark of a tree, ;(§.} jj^ |^ shir ^p'i 
,nong. Shu p'i nang; a hassock, which sec. 

Bastard, a natural child, born of a concubine, jfilV^ 
ff sai' jp'o 'tsai, i||i Iff^ ff- a' 'mi 'tsai, jiV ^ shii' 
'tsz. Shiitsz, ^j^-f- ts'ip,shi-'tsz. Ts'ich slii tsz, 
IM^^ chak, sliat, 'tsx. Tseh shih tsz, f)| fpf J- 
jP'in jfong 'tsz. P'ien fang tsz, ji^F {j} sliii' cli'ut . 
Shu ch'uh, f !j \\\ chak, ch'ut,.'" Tseh ch'ub ; an 
illegitimate child,^ if J- Vc 'tsz. Y6 tsz, if f jp 
'yd 'tsai; the child of a prostitute, :^i^lfj'- '16 'kii 
*tsai, ^ f- ^ch'cung 'tsz, ^g ijj^ -^ .cheung ki 
*tsz. ChVmg ki tsz, i(k'l\^'i~f- ki^ 'fu 'tsz. Ki fi'i tsz, 
ItMfT- ^sapj 'chung'tsai, ^^ ,k\vai 'tsz. Kwei 
tsz, ^^ jkwai tfln-. Kwei tan, l^,^ ,kwai,tseng. 
Kwei tsing, * ^^ itj 'tsz, 3E '^2? i" j^^'ongpat, 
tan^ Wang pa!i tan, 3: /\ ^ ^ s'^^'ojig P«t, it^ 
'tsz. Wangpahjeh tsz, if-L^ 'yo^shang. Yosanj-, 
^ -^ jSZ 'tsz. Sz tsz ; bastard animals, ^ ^ §/i 
tsdpj 'cliung shau^ Ts;lh chung shau ; fa!s;% not 
genuine, (^ ugai\ AVci, fly p^ 'ka ngai'. Kia wci. 

Bastardism, the state of a bastard, jji; ^ ^ '^i sliii' 
'tsz ,chi sz^ Shu tsz chi sz, if J^'^Uli (i. 'y6 'tsz 
,cM ti^ Avai'. Yc tsz chi ti wei. 

Bastardize, to prove to be a bastard, jjl '(Pj] {JJ ^ ]j^ 
lapj chak, ch'ut, chi kii'. Lib Iseh ch'uli chi kii, 
^'!'ll,f^tli''f5t 'l>i>^i jiuiug shii' ch'ut, ke' j to beget 
a bastard, /|r ^/, ^ shang _sz 'ts/,. Sang sz tsz, 
^ 1^ lT jShang ye 'tsai. Sang yo ts;:. 

Bastardly, spuriously, ^|i| ^ ff^ cliak, .shang ke'. 

Bastard-parsley p^ Jiii. II ii. 

Baste, to beat Avith a stick, ^j.^ ^J kwan* 'la. Kwan 
t^> l^ tt -JT A 'i Cheung- 'ta jan. J chang la 
jin, 41'^ P'o'^'i cliak,. P'oh tseh; to moisten M'ith 
ixt or other li(puM, i'/^ f/^] |jt: yijj shiu yu'c, joli'a 
,yaxi. Shau juh ch'a yu, ^ |^vj ^J| .;.lI^ chek, yuk, 
kiin' jau. Chih juh kuYiii yi'i. 

Baste, to sew Avitli long stitches I[|f Ji'i'^. L'uon, 
H^ ^ <sho ,fiuig. Su fung, X •# I'll Ifyf tai' ))i/ 
kom' jliin. la pu kan liuen, ^Jii iij|i lj|f ,sho ,sho 
jliin ; to baste clothes, I}lf^<)f- .li'r.i i fuk^. Liiicn 
1 fuh. ' 

• This is also used I'or a i-Lild ol' a coucubiiic. 

•{• This and the foil'JWing ara ulso applied t? cbliuiVH hoiw c'lfc of 
Wedlock, 



Kwan ta, ^ fj cheung* 'tii. 



Basted, beat with a stick, ;j«^ ^f \[S] kwau^ia kwo'. 
Xwan ta kwo ; moistened with fat or other mat- 
ter in roasting, ^ ;^ yjlj kiin' kwo' ^yau. Kwaa 
kwo yu, ^3^ vfl jCh'a kwo' ,vau. Ch'a kwo yd ; 
sewed together Avith long stitches, Ai^^«^ ^^*' 
1 6' jliin kwo'. TI pii liuen kwo. 

Bastinade, ) a sound beating with a stick cr cudgel, 

Basjinado, j ^ /^ cheung' jan. Chang jin, tl i^ 
-^ 'tii 'pan 'tsz. 'J a, pan tsz, ;|;^^ cheung' chak,. 
Chang tseh, ^g ff 'psin cU\. Pai tseh, ^ ^ 
,ch'i cl.dk,. (h'i tseh, .}T JK'^ 't> pV 'kii. 'Jd 
p'i ku, ^r ^ 'j^ 'ta 'shi fat,. Ta shi kuh, i^ ^ 
'])ong .ch'l. Pang ch'f, -^ f^ ,ch'( ^t'iin. Ch'i 
t'un, f^ •^ V*^"? (Ch'i. Pang ch'i ; a beating an 
offender on the soles of his feet, tff] iS '*" ^*^^^K 
'pan. Ta kioh pan, ^ H'jl ,ch'i keuk,. Ch'i kioh, 
^ jfipl^ Jiivu keuk, 'pan. K'au kioh par. 

Bastinade, ) to beat with a stick or cudgt-i, ^^ ^J 

Bastinado, J kwau' Ha. 
Chiing ta. 

Basting, beating with a stick, ^ tj]" kwau* 't&. 
Kwan tii ; moistening Avith dripping, ^ kiin'. 
KA\an ; scAving together Avitli long stitches, A;^ 
Ijlf tiii^ p6' jliin. la pii liuen. 

Bastion P|y ,tsau. Tsau, ^^ ^shing'po. Clung pan, 

^ m M i»'''"S s^i 'po- ^-'J'inS yu pau, ^ Kit ^ 
\V jShing ,t'ai. Hii cliing t'i. 

Baston, ) a round moulding in the base of a co- 

Batoon, ) lumn, [JJ J^ jiin tun. Yuen tun. 

Basyle, any electro-jiositivc ingredient* of a com- 
])ound, performing the functions of an clement, 
^ M 1^ n ^i'l' Jii' Jt^unS Jiang. Tien k'i yang 
hang. See Itadical. 

Bat, a heavy stick, broad at the lower end, and used 
to strike the ball in game of cricket, ^J ^|^ ta 
jk'au 'pan. lYi k'iu pan. 

Bat, a mammife:oui animal, having a body rescrii- 
bling that of a mouse, 7|^ ^ ^fi 'shi". Fi shu, ^ 
/I, fuk, 'shii. Fuh shu, ^ ifi^ j)'in fuk,. P'ien 
fuh, fl^ fl, fuk, 'shii. Fuh shu, J|<^ ifeg ^fi fuk,. FI 
fuh* , j^ /{: /i shang. Yi sang, ^ ^ hi\ yik^. 
Fuh yih, ^ ^^ 'iui 's!iii. Lui shu, ^ Jf chik, 
mnkj. Chih nieii, f|I||^ ^sin 'shii. Sien shii, ^|^ 
,m6 'sliii. Mstii shii, ;^'pl ^^ ^^ in' ji'in ^li. Yeu 
p'ien lui, ^| i)j| jlau chung^ Liii chung. 

B.itardean, a eotfer-dam, Avhich see. 

BataA'ia, the capital of Java, |jJ!/p pjjii] PQ Kalapd. 
Kiiilapii, V\^ HfJ |^ jj^t P.itafia. Patdfia. 

Batavian, [.ertainiiig to Holland, fi5MIi."lif Holan 
kwok, kc', fH} Bl Ii {]'} llolan kwok, tilc^. Uolan 
kwoh till. 

Batavian, a native of BetaAA", or Holland, (!|j j^ gj 
/\ lloli'm kwok^ J'''"- llolau kwoh jin. 

Bat-fowling, a mode of catching birds at night, by 
hoLling a torch and beating the perch Avhere they 
rocst, :^ |["ij ;{j£ LL y6- ^kan chuk, 'uiu. Yc kien 
chub niiiu. 



llie /i (sIliiii? miJ . g "jliii are said to be tbe '' fljii g Rc^iiiirel" 
Uioiigll HA ig I :i:ul{.3 a3 suclt disii.iciiunt 



BAT 



(UG) 



BAT 



W> ^ '^^^ s^'^^i".- 
bathin^ poiul, j^ j^ Uh 



body was bathed in tears, -^ '^^ '^ ^ lui* ^lau 
^inun ^slian. Li lii'i mwJln shin ; t'jai-s bathed las 
cheeks, ^ ^>J /Ig, lui' jing ^soi. Li ying sdi. 

Bathing, Avashing by immersion, ^ '/g: muk, yuk^. 
Muh yuh, ^^t ^ 'sai ^slian. Si shin ; bathing- 
room, ^jl; ;^ J^ *sai ^slian /ong. Si shin fang, '^ 
^ yuk^ shaty Yuh shili, J'g "/igi pik^ yuk. Pih 
yuli ; men and women should not bathe in tho 
same bathmg-room, ^ ^ ::f; Jh -/g yg; ^nclm *nu 
pat, kung' pik, yuk^. Niin nil puh kung pih yub; 
batliing-tiib, ^(;- ^ j^j^ 'sai ,shau ,p'un. Si sliin 
pw'iin, Y^ ^ yuk^ ,p'uu. Yuh pwMn, j^ ^ 'ts5 
jP'uu. Tsau pw'an,'jjf ^ii. Yii, ^ Mm'. Ldn ; it 
was engraved on his bathing-tub, jjj^ ^ ,p*un 
^ming. Pw'Aa ming ; the festival of batliing 
Budha "" r/^i^W yuk, fut^ tsit,. Yuh fuh tsieh, 
y§^ i^i lS y"kj ii^K ^^^'- Yuh fuh tdu ; bathing- 
dress or gown, ij^ ^^ *sai ,shan ,sham. Si shin 
sdn, ^ :jj^ jShan ^^i. Chin i ; water for bathing, 
ifj|jJ^P^7j< 'sai ^shan ke' 'shui ; water for bathing 
the head, '/j^sM'^ '^^^ ^^^ 'shui. Si t'au shMOii, 
TM^ jlin 'shui. Lien shwui. 

Bathracites !^ i^ ^' jShim jCh'ii shckj. Chen ch'u 
shih. 

Bath-room, an appartment for bathing, '(^ % ^ 
'sai ^shau ^fong. Si shin fang. 

Bating, excepting, |^ J jCh'ii 'liu. Ch'ii li^u, ^ 
itk^ ^'h s«l''ii 'ts'z ,chi ngoi^ Ch'u ts'z chi wai ; 
sec Abating. 

Batist, a fine linen cloth, ^ § tif Y^^ ^^ P^'- Yd 
Ilia pii. 

Batlet, a square piece of wood for beating linen, ^ 
f^ la 'tarn ^shsim ^ch'ui, ^^ZW^^'^^ c^ii 
^oh'ui. Tiiu i chi ch'ui, :|g ?<^|^ 'to .i ^ch'ui. TAu 
i ch'ui, if. 5^ mukj ^ch'ui. Muh ch'ui ; a batlet 
for beating silk, ^Tj^,:^ 'tarn ^sz jCh'ui, ||[ jt'am. 
T'un. 

Batman, one who has charge of the cooking utensils, 
^>* ll^ ]§\ {^!t ^ 'sl»au ,kwan .ch'ii hi' 'che. Shau 
kiun ch'u k'i che. glfc^ i|i M g§ ^ chap, shap, 
jkwan jCh'ii hi' 'che. Chih shiii kiun ch'u k'i chd. 

Baton, ■) a staff, ^ cheung'. Chang ; a marshal's 

Batoon, j staff, t jt fi||| Z t^ s^^" s''^"' c<^'" peng'. 
Yuen shwai chi ping, tC ^lll fe 1^ J^ ^ tt /"i 
shui' 'chi ,fal ,ping ,chi chdung'. Yuen shwai chi 
hwui ping chi chAug; "a batoon hold in thD hands 
of ancient stites-mcK, ^ fat,. Hwuh ; the ba- 
toon of a king, ^ ^ chan' Jcwai. Chin kwei; 
ditto of a duke, ^ ^ ,un ,kwai. 11 wan kwei ; 
ditto of a marquis. \%4k. sun* ,kwai. Sin kwei; 
ditto of an carl, ||5i .'^""o ,k\vai. Kung kwei ;" 
to hold the battoon, "^ ^ chap, kwai. Chih 
kwei ; a mark denoting illegitimate birth, ^ \]\ 
Z ViE <sz ch'ut, ,chi \\h\ Sz ch'uh chi hiiu. 
moistened, ^^ '^ vj< up, kwo' 'shui. lliah kwo j Batrachia, animals of the frog «&c. kind, ^^jfegift^'J 
Bhwui, ^!i-^k.in'kwo\ Kwi'm kwo; her whole ;-n:i,i;„i,,i i, eelebrated on thceU. day of tho'fou^irChi^ei 

moon. 

t A marahnl's stAfT is a badgo of tho highest tnili^arr honor, 7C 



Batch, a quantity of bread baked at one time, — ^ 
fi/f yaf, kuk, 'pDng. Yih kiuh ping, —j^l^^ 
yat, kuk, miii' ,p:iu. Yih kiuh mien pau ; the 
same batch, ^%\ ,t'ung lui'. T'ung lui, —^^^ 
yat, yeung' k6'. Yih yang [|^^j] tih. 

Bate, strife, 11^?:^ ai' kilu, ^^>^ ,cliang,kau. Tsang 
kiau, [J)t] -f^ nau' ,kau. Nau kiau 5 a make bate, 
^i|^ kiV jl6ung. Kiii liang. 

Bate, to lessen, sec Abate. 

Bateau, a light boat, J|^ ^ j|i ,fi ,lung 't'cng. Pi 
lang t'ing. 

Bateful, contentious ff ^' 'l"^ pilk ,kd ,tsang. Peh 
kia tsang, ij]f- %^ 'h6 hi", ilau k'i, ^7' |1^ h6' iii'. 

Batenites, ) a sect of apostates from Mohammcdism, 

Batenists, [ ft fel lc] ^ ff" .P^''i' «^i ."^^ t^"' 'cl"^- 

Batcnians, ) Pci IIw ui hwui kiau che. 

Bath, a place for batliing, ^{j ^ ^- 'sai ^shan ,fong. 
Si s'.iin fang, '/^'^.^ yuk, ^t'ong. Yuh fang, ygl^ 
ynVj shat,. Yiili shili, yg:)/j yuk, ,fong. Yuh fang, 
y^^Jr y^^'j '^Im. Yuh so; a vessel for bathing, ^ 
^ )jj2 's^i ,shan ^p'un. Si shin pw'an, -/gi j;g yuk, 
jP'i'in. Yiili pw'iin; ditto one for cold bathing, ^ 
j])'rin. Si liiing pw'an ; a little 
\}f y|i), 'sai 'ts6 ,t'ong jch'i. 
Si tsilu t'iing ch'i, -/g: jf'^ yuk, jCh'i. Yuh ch'i; to 
take a batli, )^\ ygi muk^ yuk^. Muh yuh, ;?j[; ^ 
'sai ^shan. Si sliin, ^\ f }j^ 't'au ,leung. T'au lidng, 
4^ J^ ii^^'^t, Ji^"Uo- Moll liang. [t tS is used by 
the llakkii.] 

Bath, Order of tlic, a high order of British knight- 
hoo.l **, ;^' 1^ jUani tseiik . Nun tsioh ; the first 
class of tho Oi'Jer is : Knight Gmnd Cross, ^ — 
^ )9 ff tai' yat, 'tang ^uAm tseuk,. Ti yih tang 
n:V.i tsioh; tho sDcond class of the Order is: Knight 
Comman:lcr, ?/} r.^#)lj^tai' i''tangjn!imts(;uk,. 
Ti rh tang n:i;i tsioh ; the third class of the Order 
•ii : Knight Companion, :^ ?^ ^ ;^ ^ tai" ^siim 
'tang ,n;im tseuk . Ti san tang nan tsioh. 

Bath-bi-ick, a ])rcparatio:i of calcareous earth in the 
form of a brick, used for cleansing knives, )^ ^ 
$} ,fiii shek, 'fan. Hwui shih fan, '^^ ;5 ^> 'fo 
shckj 'fan. Uo shili fan ; cakes ditto, ^ ^ ff/f 'fo 
shckj "pong. Uo shih ping. 

B.vthe, to wash the holy, j^{^ ^ 'sai ,shan. Si shin, 
^ yg: mnkj yuk^. ]^Iuh yiili, ?jlj 'i^ 'w'i yul^r Si 
yuh, ^ if^ 'fun yuk,. Kmuu yuh, ^ j>,\^ 'fun 'sai. 
Kwi I si, n\: /Tl ^-^^i til\- Si till, ^ y|g 'sai chok,. 
Si choh, i^jld Inn chok,. Kwanchoh, /Jtj^'sai 
'tso. Si tsiiu, ^-[]fji t'au ,lcung ; to bathe a corpse, 
V^ P yuk, .Shi. Yuh shi, '^ ,ni (mi). Mi; to' 
bithc a woniul, J^ i\^ lip, 'shui. Uiah shwui, J^ 
j^ up, jCh'ong. lliiih clnv'ang. 

Bathed, washed, as in a bath, jJJlj '^ 'sai kwo'. Si 
k\vo, l^vyg^i^^'i inuk, yuk, kwo'. MuhyiihkAVo; 



• Knia:Ut O.'.inl C.-jt«o? tho B;ifh (K. G. C. B.) : Kui>{ht Com- 
mtivLr of th) IJ.i'.'.i (If. C. r.) ; Conii-anlo I of the Tulh (C. B. 
or K. D ) 



B'A« 



(147) 



SAl' 



^ ll^ Jv'am ,k'ii kop, kai' 'tang liii'. K'iu k'ii 
koli kiai tang lui. 

Batrachian, pertaining to frogs, ^ ^fi iJt I'fjJE jk'am 
,k'd liu- ke\ K'in k'ii lui [f\i}] tih." 

Batraclioid, having the form of a frog, $^ 4§ ;^ ^ 
-Jp jk'am jk'ii ^chi yeung' 'tsz. K'in k'ii chi yang 
tsz, ^^6^)^*5 tseung' ^ts'z jk'am ^k'ti. Siting sz 
k'in k'ii. 

Batsman, in the cricket game, the one who wields 
the bat, '^%^:t A chap, ^k'au 'pan chi ,yan. 
Chih k'iii pan chi jin. 

Battalia, the order of battle, ^^ chin' chan^ Chen 
chin. 

Battalion, a division of troops of 590 men, ^^ ^lii. 
Lu. 

Battalioned, formed into battalions, ^ ^j^ 'pdi ^lii. 
Prti 111, ^^^^ chan' lu. Chin lii. 

Battel, to grow fat, see Batten. 

Batten, to fatten, ^ ^g 'y<^nng ^fi. Yung fi, ^ ^ 
JE !k Ve""S y^K jft 'fan. Yang yah fi fan. 

Batten, a piece of board a few inches breadth, ^^ 
chdk, 'pdn. Tseh pdn, — |^ filJ ^J< yat, st'iii pok, 
'pdn. 

Batten, to fasten or nail down with battens, <f7 i^ 
^ P ^ jteng shat^ /"i^g 'ban 'pan. Ting shih 
fung k'au pan. 

Battened, fastened with battens, Mi^l^f)|||K$T^ 
yiing^ kwo' jt'iu pok^ 'pan ^teng shat^. Ynug kAVO 
t'iau poh pan ting shih ; become fat, ^^)]E jj^ 
jShang kwo' ^fl 't'un. Sang kwo fi fan, -j^ Jji |;^j 
'cheung tsuk yuk,. Chang tsah juh. 

Battening, the act of attaching battens to Avails for 
nailing up laths, ^i -^ i^^^ c^eng jch'eung ^f iii 
*pdn. Ting ch'ang f iiiu pan ; the battens thus 
attached, {p^ ^|^ tJh kan' 'pdn jts'eung. Kien pdn 
ts'idng. 

Batter, to beat Avith successive blows, ^fT i^^t^ 'td. 
Mih td, ^^ mat^ 'tarn, ^ Hj^ mat, ^ch'tu. Mih 
ch'ui, ^ :^X 'lui 'td. Lui td ; to attack with en- 
gines of war, ;p^ ^J .kung 'td. Kung ta, :p^ |^ 
,kung kik,. Kung kih, qup^ Jcwang kik,. llung 
kill; to batter down, ;^~p ^kung Mid. Kung hid, 
trj^'talok,. Tdloh. 

Batter, a mixture of scA'cral ingredients, as flour, 
eggs, &c., jj$p{ mln^ liu". Mien liau. 

Battered, beaten, ^ tX ji^ ^^K 'f''^ kwo'. Mih td 
k^Oj ^ ty i^ <kung *td kwo'. Kung td lovo ; 
bruised, ^J'^^ 'td kwo' sui' ; impaired by Avear- 
ing, '^fljiti 'shai to' Idn'. Shi tdu Idn, ^^^ 
'shaito'wdi'. Shi tdu h^vai. 

Batterer, one Avho batters, ^ fy -^ mat^ 'td 'die. 
Mih td chc, I^fe tJ' :^ ,k"wg 'td 'che. Kung td 
ch6, ^ ^T ^ jliAvaug 'ta 'ch6. Hung td die ; to 
batter to pieces, ff V)X ^ 'td p'o' 'chc. Td p'o 
ch6. 

Battering ^^T u^at, 'ta. Mih td, ^:JT Jcwang 'tn. 
Hung ta ; demolishing, -j^ ^ M^^S P'o- Kung 
p'o ; smashing to fragments, fy ^ 'td sui'. Ta 
Btti. 



Battering-ram, a military engine used to beat doAvn 
the walls of besieged places, f^^ >^ * tiir jCh'ui. 
Tidu di'ui, :§^ ^i^}^ p'o' ^shing jCh'iii. T'o ching 
ch'ui, ^ t^ chong'- ^cli'e. Clnvdig ch'o ; batter- 
ing pieces, -j^ i}^ -j;^ ,kung ^shing p'du'. Kung 
ching p'du, -/rJj^TIi tdi'^tseung Jvwan. Tdtsidng 
kiun, ;/(; ffi^ ^V tai^ ,sheng ,kung; battering train, 
W-^^<1 'fM ,kAvan Jcung ^shiug ^chi p'du'. Kiun 
kung ching clii p'du. 

Battery, the act of battering, q/,|i |T J^wang 'td. 
Hung tn, j^ ^X (kwug 'td. Kung ta ; a place of 
defence or assault for large ordnance, ^^^ p'du' 
jfoi. P'au t'di; a small place ditto, i^ 'p6. Pdu; 
a defence raised on IcatI ground, •j^ \.^J( ^t'oi ^tun. 
T'di tun ; an electrical battery, f{f 4V o t ^'^^^ 
^kung jf oi. Lui kung t'di, 'f^ ^ -^ tin' hi' ,+/oi. 
Tien k'i t'di ; a galvanic battery, ;j|| ,fj) ^^j^ <^ 
lEM n Kdliwdni { ^chi tin' hi' ,t'oi. 

Batting cotton, in sheets, prepared for quilts, ^f^ 



,sung ^fd jmin ^t'oi. Sung hwd mica t'di. 



Battle, an encounter between enemies, Ipj^ — • J^- 
chin' yat, jCh'cung. Chen yili ch'ang, fjij^ --' |>!^ 
chin' yat, chan^ Chen yih chin, :J J — 1{^( 'td yat, 
chan'. Td yih chin, ^X — |["j 'td yat, ^ui. Tii yih 
hwui ; contest, Fpi^ ^j chin' tau'. Chen tau ; to 
join in battle, ^ i^, \iAu ^fung. Kidu fung, 0.]" 
'(§ tui' -lui. Tui lui, f.| [lijf lui' diair. Tiii chin, 
:^^ kdu chin'. Kidu chcn, '^.] f^ tui" tik^. Tui 
tih ; to offer battle, ~|^ Ppj^ |1= 'lid chin' ^sliii. Hid 
chen shu, ^ fy^ ^ ^fau chin' ^shii. 'I'au chen 
shii, ^Ipit^ tai' chin' ^shi'i. Ti chen shu; to pro- 
voke to battle, :^||i nlk, chin'. Nih chen, Ji%^^ 
^f ill chin'. T'idu chcn ; to gain a battle, 'iXUl^fi" 
'td shing' cheung-. Td shing chdng, ^X Mk ^^'^ 
jyeng. Ta ying; to lose a battle, -fX il'jiij '^^ fShi'. 
Td shu, J\y ^ 'td pdi'. Td pdi, ^J ^ fjr 'td pdi^ 
cheung'. Td pdi chdng, ^ \l\\i. p li' chan'. Pdi 
chin, l]X :\t pai- pak,. Pai peh, ffji :{(;; jian pak . 
Pan pdi ; uncertain issue of the battle, )j^ j^ ^ 
)^ shing' fd' mi' teng'. Shing fu Avi ting, 3^^ ^ 
H^M P^t, ^fan shing' fiV. Puh fan shing fu; rush- 
ing into battle, i^^ yat^. Yili ; to go into battle, 
^^ ^ dp, chan'. Yd chin ; to set in battle array, 
^^1^ ,p'aiclian-. P'di chin, >'|'|>i{i litj dlan^ Lieh 
chin ; battle arrry, \^ ^ chan' shai'. Chin sLi, 
IB, i»3|i cbi'^' chan^ Chen diin, ^^ f^ )$ ^ ^p'di 
jShing chan' shai'. P'di ching chin slii ; to decide 
the issue of the battle, }jiM\l^fi kiit, liin' shing' 
fu'. Kiueh tAA'dn shing fi'i, jji; ^/> i)fj]ij |^ kiit, ,fan 



* Ihis is still use<l by large bands of robbers for smashing iho 
iron gates of walleJ places. 

t m'iimm'n-mmmmMfi i^ ti-^ rr a w 



MTrn-ca 



iiif 



A^ 



[ rltrt' 



SSiSS^ 



48) 



IIAZ 



(»hi\ jcng. Kiueli fan sliu viiif;; a bloody l)attl«', 

" 'sz cliiti' vat, niri-unff, Sz cllen \il 

ehaii' hilt. cLin'. I'il; 



^ "PC -~ '^ 

chYmff. - |{j| III. fji vat, 



cliin liiuch elicn ; a pitclunl battle, A ^f — ^a 
IjU* 'ta yat, ,ch'ciing. Tai ti'i yih cli'/ing ; to avoid 
battle, ^ if»|^ 'inin chin'. ^Micn clicn ; a dmMn 
l^attlo, $(w §[ T> /i^ .81' » ,ycng pat, tong^, Sliu 
ying puh ting ; battle field, ^ i^ eliiu' jeli'eiing. 
Chen ch'aiig, .^ /^ chin' .i)'un. Chen pAvVvn. 

Battle, to contend in fight, i|^ chin'. Chen, ^ ^ 
^Vidu chin'. Kiiiu chen, j^;^ ,seung chiu'. Siaug 
chen, "J^^ ,!<"",? chin'. Kung chen. 

Battle-anay y^^ [^ chin' chan'. Chen chin. 

Battle ax, ") a Avcapon of war, -)^ ^ tiU" 'fii. Ta 

Battle axe, j fu, ^^ /li ut.. :?u yucli, |||ll[ ts'lk, 
lit,. Ts'ih yuch. 

Battle-door, an ii.slrumcnt of flny, |T^,|j^ 'ti'i ^Vau 
'pAn. Tii k'iii pan, f J j^j^ ^ 'td in' 'pan. Ta yen 
pAn. 

Battlement, a wall raised on a building with embra- 
sures, j^ tip^. 'J ieh, f^j 't6. Tu, ^ 'ch'i. Shi, ^ 
A i'^l'ii'g Jan. Chingjin. 

Battle royal, a fight with fists, :^fT jl<'i'in'tit. K'iucn 
l<i, n K2 tau' 'au. Tau ngau, J^ifl ftj^J 'i jk'iin 
,seung 'td. I k'iuen siting ta. 

Battology, a needless repetition of words in spcak- 
j"r. ^W-tW iCh'ung fiik, ,cLi wa'. Ch'ung fuh 
cLi l.wa. 

Battulate, to interdict commerce, ^ ih jfli 1^ ^^^' 
'thi ,t'ung ^5'houng. Kin chi t'ung shang. 

Batrs ^ ^p'lin. Tw'im, f|^^ fuk, j)uu't£z. Pth 
\)\\ 'an tsz. 

Baiibeo, a l.alf-pcnny, ^ ^ J^/2. F"^' ^*^' ,r^'' i^^^ 
Pwan ko pien nf. 

Bauble, a trifling i)icce of finery, ^ '\h] un' mat^. 
AVan wi.h, ^_ || :> ^i)i ,(hong leng' ^cl.i mat,. 
Chwang ling d.i wuh. 

Bauhinia, mountain cbonv, ^ If I luu kap,. Lun 
ki/»h. 

Bawble, a gewgaw, tH ^X "PJt 'h 'Ung l-'i' k«i' mat^. 
Ttl ^'. ® 'ting kiV 'y^'. Ting kin ye. 

Bawd, a person who keeps a Louse of \ r stitution, 
Ifefl// ,k\vai ,t'au. Kwei t'aii, ,^^ /i kwai. AVu 
Lwei, J A ,^vong piU,. Wang i)j;h, ^ i^' /\ \h 
,mong pat . Lau wang pah, /^ /jjj £)] pat^ man^ 
,l')iu ; a woman ditto, |||^ ^kwai jp'o. Kwei p'o. 

Bawd, to provide Avomen for lewd purposes, ij^ 7^ 
i^ ^fihau '16 'kii. Sl.au h'lu kii. 

BaAvdry, the practice ofprociuing Avomcn for the 
gratificatiQu of lust, ^ ^- ^ 'mdi '16 'ki\. Mai 
liiu ku, ^^ III ^ ts6' .kwai j)'o. Tso kAvei p'o: 
obscenity, pj'fj^ u yuk^. AVi'i yuh ; unchaste lan- 
guage, ^ |(|f^ i^ ^^ 'ch'au hiu' ,chf avjV. Ch'au 
lau chi hAvii; illicit intercom se, %L -^ ,8Z ,kdu. 
Sz kiiiu, %i igj ,8z ,t'ung. Sz t'ung; loruicatiou, 
tr fl^ /$ ,baug jts'e ,yam. Hang sic 3 iu. 

Bawdy, obscene, /j|)*^ ,1s c jVam. Sic jia ; unchaste, 
yf* ^ pat, ,ching. Tub chijig. 

Uawdy-housc, a Louso of jirosUluticn, ;^ ijp: ^ '16 



.^iivS 



'kii ,liu. J^u kii liiui, "^ ^. ;K '16 'ku chong. 
Liiu ku chA\4 ig. ^ -^ j)'ju Rhe'. P'iau sliid, ^ 
i!fi';0 '16 'ku chi;'. Lau kii chai, ^^ ,p iu chdi'. 
I'lau chiii, :?g ;jvf{ ,fu lam. lliva lin, ^ik^Hi^S^ 
'Jan ti*. Ilwjifanfi, ^1| j|f ,ts'ing, lau. Ts'ing lau, 
^ (?y 'j)i.i ,ki 1. Piau kien, ^ p ^ch'cung u'. 
Ch'ang hii, ^. ff Is'ui' 'kiin. Ts'ui kwdn, 4^ ^ 
.chVung 'kiiu. Ch'dng kwan, ^ ki' 'kun. KI 
kwdn. 

BaAvl, I0 cry out AA'ilh a loud, full sound, p^ v^ ^fd 
hiim'. llii ban, n^ PJlJ kiu' ham'. Kiau hdn, p^ 
n^ .fii hot,. 11 u boll, p^ ^)i^ .Iu J16. llii bdu, ve{ 
yt kiu',h6. Kiau ban, np; Jji)( hot, kai\ Hob kidi, 
0ii-p^ him .fu. Iliuen hii, Ij| j. I, ^ ,h6. Hku, 
V'V ^ 'kAVong k'oi'. IvAvdng kdi, (^ li'. IIu, Ij^ 
.hail, niau, !}^ bau. lliaii, pjljj^ .bdupuk^. Ilidu 
l)uh : to bawl in anger, fffejts'iii. Ts'idu, ** ,ch'£. 
Ch'i, %^ jUdu. Ndu, P^ |5 bun ^ndu. Diueii 
nan. 

BaAvling, crying aloud, :A: ^f. ^ P^ tdi* .sliing tsat^ 
^fii. Td shing tsih hii. 

BaAvm, I to adorn, j^ ^ .chong shik,. Chwdng 

BaAvn, J shib. 

BaAVsin, a badger, l^ i]^ ti' .chii. Ti cbu. 

Bay, reddish, inclined to a chestnut color, ^ ^ 
ch'ik shik,. Cb'ih.sih; a bay horse, ^ ,sing« 
Sing, :5^ ,|ij ch'ik, 'ma. Ch'ih md ; a bay colored 
cow, .^ ^ ,"'"0 i"S^"- Sing niii. 

Bay, an arm of the sea, extending into the land, ^ 
M liau' hoi. ITau hdi, j^.wdn. Wdn, j^^'l.oi 
'ku. llai ku, i% h\ Ngdu, ^ 6'. Ngdu, i% ^ 
'hoi jii. llai yti, ^fq \i^ 'hoi 'shim, lliii slien, yC 
fj kong'hau. Kiang k'au ; the bay of a wall, 
J,^^P .ts'eung'hau. Ts'iang k'au, ii| f| .ts'cungf 
.lun?. Ts'iang lung. 

Bay, to keep at^iay, ^||B ii'. Yii, ;Hl 'k'li. K'u, ^ 
-ft tik, cbii'. Tib cbu, 4*V^ bon' iV. lldn yu ; to 
keep an enemy at bay, ^ j^ ii' tik,. Yii lib, ^ 
^ 'k'ii tik,. K'li lib.* 

Bay, to bark, '1^ fai*. Fei: to encompass, sec Embay. 

Bay window i<J| jjj j,^) t '^ ^at, cb'ut, ^ts'cung .chi 
.cb'eung. 'J'lih ch'uli Is'iang chi ch'iing. 

Bayai"d, a bay hoise, fj'^ sing. Sing; an unmanner- 
ly beholder, ^ fg ngong' '16. Ch'un Idu. 

Bayonet, a short, pointed, broad dagger, fixed at the 
end of a musket, ^iPjS^7J .tsVung'tsui ,l6. Ts'idng 
tsui tau, ^ p; ^ 'J} ch'ung' jt'au .tsfm ,t6. 
Ch'ung t'au tsim tdu; to fix the bayonet, jj^ (|^ 
fflfj 7i '°" ch'ung' jt'au ,t6. Ng/ui ch'ung t'au 
1''". t^i 7] ti'i ii' Pj^ t-h'ap, ^t6 .11 Js'cSung 'tsui. 
ChVib Idu yii (s'iang tsui. 

Bazar, ") in the cast, a market place, ijg • \n\. II ii, 

L'azaar, j f|/ 'shi. Shi; in Hongkong, :^ ^ ,bii 
jlong. llii lang, \i^ ]|j' kdi 'sLi. Kiiii sLi, ^ ^ 
'sbi jl'au. Sbl t'au. 

Bdellium, a gr.m-rcsin, produced I y a tree from tbo 

• A Ifit is II I lace, x\Lcro on ccitun £xcd »2av« goodi are ex- 
il.argcd en c}icrc<l .'cr rale; n (fT i« a rrgular auulcl-plftoa, 
A\ Lms i^woUa HmH. b« ^ot kt all ijuu. 



r^'-masar 



iils 



(140) 



BEA 



mim 



,heun!5 



kdu. Shu 



East Indies, |^ # |P sliii^ 
bidng kiau. 

Be, * to, ^ shI^ Sh], :J^ ,wai. Wei, 7> 'ndi. Nai, 
'j^ hai^ m, -It j^vai. AVei, |f .wai. Wei, Ji 
sbukj. Shuli, :{£ tsoi^ Tsdi, -^ Vau. Yii ; to be 
well, ll ^Jji tsz' jin. Tsz jen, g :^ tsz' tsoi*. Tsz 
Isdi, '^ ^4 ^on jin. Ngan jen ; to be umvell, p§- 
^ || pA^ '-m ^to tsz* jln, Pg- S- ^ )B s"^ c^o sbau- 
yung' ; to be well done or suiting one's wishes, 
^ chduk,. Chob, ^ ^ngam, ff P^ 'l>o lok„ -^ 
1^ bbp, lok^ ; to bo at home, f^, ^jfE ^ bai' tsoi' 
.kd. Hi tsdi kid, n^^ 'hai ch'u' ; ^^ tsoi* lok,. 
Tsai lob, 9^ M ^ '^^^ "^5 s^^i 5 to be within, :^ 
pj tsoi' noi^ Tsdi nui, (I^* ^<^ sM. '^^^^ '^^ s^'^" > to 
be without, -g: ^|> tsoi^ ngoi'. Tsdi Avai, tif^^ il^ S^ 
'hai ngoi^ ,t'au ; to be on the table, Pj^ \^ Jt. 'hai 
jt'oi sbdungS >gE j"^ Jl tsoi* ,t'oi sheung' ; to be 
rich, ^ 1^ 'yau ^ts'in. Yu ts'ien, -^ it i hai' 
jts'oi 'chvi. Hi ts'di chu, i| Ml ± ft ^bi' ^ts'oi 
'chu'16. Shi ts'di chu Idu; to let be, ^,i^- ^kii 'hii. 
Kii hu, ^IL ^kii 'ch'e. Ku ts'ie; it must be, ^ 
k}i>. sbl* pit,. Shlpieh, j^-yji* teng'pit,. Tingpieb; 
to be (exist, or to have absolute existence), pj ^ 
ifli pk tsz' ,ln i ,{n. Tsz jen rh jen, H ^^>j ;^ ':^ 



,cbl 'yau. Tsz jen chi yu ; to be tired, 



tsz'jin 

kui^ ^ kiin'. Kiuen ; to be very tired, jjtf^f^ 
'h5 kau' kiin*. Hau kau kiuen ; to be present, ^ 
tsoi^ Tsdi ; to be good for nothing, M f{i )^ jUio 
jChung yung*. Wu chung yung ; to bo of use, :^ 
5^ 'yau yik,. Yu yih ; to be in office, ^ 1^ tso' 
,kiin. Tso kwdn ; to be angry, ^ ^ ^sliang hi'. 
Sang k'i. /± ^^ ,8bang n6^ Sang n'u, || ^. fdt, 
n6'. Fdh nii ; to be pleased at, H^ "^ ^fiin 'hi. 
Ilwdn hi ; to be pleased with, i]^ ^ngdm ; be care- 
ful, ^ Cl^ sai' ^sam. Si sin ; be off, ^P^ hii' lok,, 
^ fijjj hii' ,1a, -^ fl hii' pd*. K'ii pa ; to be with 
child, '^^ Vau ,shan. Yiishin, ^2^^ ^yauyanS 
■^ ^ jWdi yan\ Ilwdi ying, ^ ^ shau' yan', 
Shau ying ; be silent ! ^ ^ matj ,ia. Wuh yen, 
I'/jt ^ ^ *iiiai ko' jSbing ; be, the passive form of 
the verb, is expressed by ^ kin'. Kien (to see), 
^ pi^ ri, ^ shau*. SJjau, ^^ tak,. Teh, ^| ^wai. 
Wei; to be happy, ^jifg h<5imgfuk^. Ilidngfuh; 
to be poor, ^ [^ shau' tsin*. Shau tsien ; to be 
ill-treated, ^ lH shau' ndn'. Shau ndn ; to be 
taught, as a pupil, ^ ^ shau' ip,. Shau nieh ; 
to be loved, ^ -^ pi' oi'. Vi ngai, ^ ^ ,mung 



oi'. Mung ngdi, ^ '^ kin' oi'. Kien ngai ; to be 
seen, % j^ tak, kin'. Teh kien ; to be laughed 
O-U M,^ kin' siii'. Kien sidu ; to bo made, ^ j^ 
shau' tso'. Shau tsau ; to be hated of men, j^ \ 

• III writing or literary exercises tlie verb to bo must lie sparingly 
used, "tii is in the CLissii-s frequently substituted for to be 
in its various forms, as :— Eenevolence is humanity, t^^ ^ A 
"Ui jjan 'che ;jan 'yA. Jin cht' jin yc ; the Duo Medium is the 
fundamental law, \^hich all thouldcb^y, 'Piil^^ F'^ 
y^ 7J£ -til ,'-hung Vi'i 'oh6 ,t'5n ha' <chi ti'ii' 'i u i 'ya. Chimg 

• J 6 cl6, t'ien hid chl ta pfin yc, (see author's Croiaaiar, P. II. 



iVf 1R j"^ai iJ^^ 'sho ban'. AVei jin so ban ; to bo 
found, ji^j^ 'wantak,. Wan teh, iffi^J 'wan 't6. 
Wan tdu ; to be esteemed, ^ A. fi/f ^ s""'^i $7^^ 
'sho king'. Wei jin so king, M^MlkA kin king' 
,u Jan. Kien king yii jin. 

Beach, the shore of the sea, j@ ^ 'hoi ^pin. Hai 
pien, m j^ 'lioi ngon'. Hai ngan, •}% ^ 'hoi 
jp'an. Hai p'in, y§ j^ 'hoi ,pau. Hai pfn, vf| 
^ 'hoi jUgdi. Hdi yai, j^ %' 'hoi sP'oag. Hdi 
p'dng. 

Beached, exposed to the waves, ^"I^P^tT pi^ long* 
'sho 'td. Pi Idng so td, ^i' "J^ ff pi' long' 'td. Pi 
Idng td, ^l^^irSp ,wai long* 'sho kik,. Wei Idng 
so kill ; driven on a beach, ^f Jl j^ 'td 'shdung 



ngon 



Td shdns: niian. 



Beacon, a signal of fire, >^ j^ ^{ang sui'. Pung sui, 
^Mii^^fo>iua. Ho yen tun, ;/^ fi 'fo ,tun. Ho 
tun, i),'|ft|i|i5' M^ <tun. Yen tun; a lighthouse, 



^ 'chi 15* t'ap,. Chi Id fdh ; a beacon at sea, gg 
mong'. Wang, gE 1^ ki' mong'. Ki wdng, =E^ 
^ ki' mong' t'dp,. KI wdng faih ; beacons in a 
harbor, ;;^}i^ 'shui -p'6. Sbwui pViu; a beacon on 
a sandbank, f-b ;|| ^ ijj| ,sha .t'dn ,cbi ho'. Shd 
t'dn chi hdu, '}%yi^f^ 'ts'in 'shui ho'. Ts'ien sbwui 
bdu ; that which gives notice of danger, ^{J ^ ^j^ 
p6' 'him bo*. Pu liien hdu, ^g ^ p6' 'king. Pd 
king. 

Beaconage, money paid for the maintainanco of a 
beacon, (j^ ^ nf 'him ho' ,t'au. Hieu hau t'au, 
$m^ S po' 'king jUgan. Pu king yin. 

Bead, a little perforated ball, ^ .chii. Chu; a string 
of beads, — $ ^-{^ yat, ch'iin' ^chu. Yih cb'uen 
chu, — ^i^ yat, kuu' ^chii. Yih kwdn chu, — • 
@II^ yat, fu' ^chii. Yih fu chu ; one bead, — ^ 
^ yat, 'fo .chii. Yili ko chu, — jfffe l^ yat, nap, 
,chi'i. Yih bh chu ; court beads, ^^J^ ,ch'iu ^cbii. 
Cii'au chu ; aromatic beads, ^f ^ Jieung chii. 
Hidng cliii ; the beads or rosary of the priests, f^ 
i^ so' ^cbii. Su chu, i^»^ nim' ^cbii. Nien chii ; 
the rosary or beads of the Ptom. Catholics, ^i]|}I 
M;tv% i"S '«liii jY^^sunim' .chii. Wu chu Y<5su 
nien chu, ^- ^ frJ Je!^ s"o 'chii tik, nim* ,chii. 
Wii chii till nien chii ; the rosary of Mary, ^^ 
rf\|iE»^ sliing'. W) tik, nim' ^cbil. Slung mi'i tih 
nien chu ; the eighteen beads (or rosary) of tho 
Budhist priests, ^ ^\\ -[- A "f* .kam ,koug shap, 
pdt, 'tsz. Kin kang shih pdh tsz ; a rosaiy of 33 
beads (used by Bom. Cath.), H"h^ fft";^^ i^^^ 
shapj ^sdm tik, nim* ^chii. Sdn shih sdn till nien 
chu ; ditto one of 03 beads, >^:-i-=|'{^JE ^ luk^ 
sbapj ,sdm tik, nim* ^chii. Lub shih san tih nien 
chii ; to say one's beads, ^ 3^ nim' ^cliii. Kien 
chu, jf^r i^ jk'i 'tb. K'i tdu, (See itosary) ; a 
string of aromatic beads, — $ ^ 3^ yat, ch'im' 
^beung ^cbii. Yih cb'uen bidng chu. 

Bead tree, sapindus, iSJ^ 'j^, yf^l s™^ ^'^n* shu'. Wii 
wdn shii ; the seed of ditto, ^ l^, -^ muk wdu' 
'tsz. Muh wdu tsz. 

Beadle, a messenger or a crier of a court,' ^ ^ 



BEA 



(160) 



ntA 



^ch'diyikj. Ch'diyih, ^^,un,ch'di. Yucnch'di, 
^^ tsb' tai^ Tsdu tl ; an officer, whose businc s 
it is to punish petty offenders, ^ J;j£ ts6' ^pdn. 
Tsdu pdn. 

Beadleship, the office of a beadle, ^^^^ ^ch'di 
yikj jChi chik,. Ch'di yih chi chih. 

Beadmaker, one who makes beads, -^ 3^ Bj^i "(i^ ts6* 
jChii ,8Z fii*. Tso chii sz fii. 

B«ul -proof, as spirit, -^ 'jg 'chi 'tsau. Chi tsiu, ^ 
^yjg 'hi ^chu 'tsau. K'i chii tsiii. 

Bead-roll, among Rom. Cath., a list of peraons, for 
the rest of whose souls they are to repeat a cer- 
tain number of prayers, which they count by 
their beads, i^^.i^Z^W- toi' nim* ,chu .chi 
,meng ^tdn. Tdi nien chii chi ming t&n. 

B«id8-man, one praying for another, dropping a 
bead at each prayer, ^ ftfii j^ 3^ ^' toi' ,t'd nim^ 
.chii 'ch^. Tdi ,t'd nien chu ch6. 

Beads-woman, a praying woman, i^ ^ ^ I^ A 
nim' ,chu ^chi *nii jan. Nien chu chi nii jin. 

Beagle, a hunting dog, |^4^ lip, 'kau. Lieh kau. 

Beak, the bill or nip of a bird, p^ 'tsui. Tsui, ^^ 
ts^uk, 'tsui. Tsioh tsui, ,^ pj^ *niu 'tsui. Isldu 
tsui, ,^[|| ^niiits'ui'. Niduts'ui, [^ chau'. Chau, 
g^ chau'. Chau, p^ 'tsui. Tsui, ^ 'ts'ui. Ts'ui, 
f^ jk'im. K'ien, ^ 'tsui. Tsui ; to pick up grain 
with the bill, ^ tduk,. Choh ; I would rather be 
a fowl's beak, than a cow's tail, ^M^]^>^M 
«4|=. ^ • 5ning jWai .kai 'hau, mat^ jWai jUgau hau^ 
Ning wei ki k'au, wuh wei niii hau ; the beak of 
a galley, f^ (^ jShiin 'tsui. Ch'uen tsui. 

Beaked, having a beak, ^| ^ *yau 'tsui. Yu tsui. 

Beal, to swell and come to a head, ^ Tp 'hi 'ting. 
K'i ting, -^lUg^ 'hi jUung ^t'au. K'i nung t'au. 

Beam, a principal piece of timber in a building, that 
lies across the walls and serves to suppoi't the 
principal rafters, ;A; ^ tdi^ ,l6ung. Td Hdng, ]£ 
^ ching' ,16ung. Ching lidng, || ^ tung' 
,16ung. Tung lidng, ;j|| ^{i jWang ,16ung. Hung 
li^ng, |5^ H ,0 tung'. A tung, § ^ uk, tung'. 
Uli lung, ;^ /an. Fan, ^ ,fan. Ean, ;j^ ,iin. 
Yuen, j^j jhang. Hang, |^ tsat,. Tsih, ^ ^ 
,mong jlau. Wdng liu ; the carrying beam, ^^ 
tdm' ,kon. Tdn kdn ; beam of the nose, pj. ij((^ pi' 
jl^ung. PI lidng ; beam of a sliip, |.gj^ ^^ kwai' 
chan'. Kwei chin, ^^ ^^ \^ tfj iShiin 'pdn ,chl 
^vr&a.g ,h6,ng. Ch'uen pdn cbl hung hang ; the 
beam of a plough, ^ ^ jlai ^im. Li yuen ; a 
beam under the eaves, ^ i^ ^sliira 
ling '■) a beam of light, -^^ ^kwong sh6' 
shid ; tlie beam of an anchor, f g ;j^ ^ndu peng'. 
Midu ping. 

Beam, to send forth or emit, as light, ^ -^ fdt, 
,kwong. Fdh kwdng, ^.j- -^ 8h6^ iV^vong. Shie 
kwdng ; to beam with delight, y^ (til 7^ ^ *m\in 
min* .kwong hi'. Mwdn mien kvydng k'i, ^ ifli 
^ "^ 'miin min' 'hi shik,. MAvdu mien k'i sih, 



ling. Chen 
' Kw&ng 



HI sih ying 



^ ^ M ff^ 'lii ehik, jing ^mau. 
mau. 

Beam-feather, one of the long feathers in the wing 
of a liawk, MM^ ^ f^^S 7^K jCh'dung ^mb. 
Ying yih ch'ang mdu. 

Beaming, emitting rays of light, f$ ^fe ^*^^ ,kwong. 
Fdh kwdng. 

Beaming, radiation, f}^ -^ 'shim .kwong. Shcn 
kwdng, ^^± aW ,kwong. Shi6 kAvdng, ^PgP>g 
.kwong 'shim 'shim. Kwdn^ shen shen; the beam- 
ing of genius, ^^^,$^[ ,ying .kwong fdt, ngoi'. 
Ying kwdng fdh wdi, $^ # # 7^ jing ,wd fdt, 
iit^. Ying hwd fdh yueh. 

Beamless, emitting no rays of light, yf^ fj ^ pat, 
fdt, .kwong. Puh fdh kwdng. 

Bean, a kind of pulse, ^ tau'. Tau, ^ "^ ,ts'dm 
tau'. Ts'dn tau ; long bean, dolichos, ^ ^ tau' 
kok,. Tau koh; broad bean, ^a P"^ ^"'- ^^^^ 
tau; ensiform bean, 77a <^^ ^^^'- ^du tau; black 
bean, M^ hak, tau'. Heh tau; soy beans, |5^ 
pdkj tau^ Peh tau ; small red bean, :^ /]> W 
ch'ik, 'sill tau'. Ch'ih sidu tau ; red bean, ^ ^ 
jhung tau^ Hung tau ; large beans, ;^ g; tdi' 
tau*. Td tau ; small ditto, yj\ ^ 'siii tau^ Si&u 
tau ; horse beans, ^ 1^ chan* tau*. Chdn tau; 
bean pods, ^^ tau* kdp,. Tau kieh ; bean sprout 
greens, ;^ S ^ |^ tdi* tau* ^nga ts'oi'. Td tau 
yd ts'M ; bean curd, ^j^ tau* fii*. Tau fu ; bean 
curd jelly, ^^tp^ tau' fii' /d. Tau fii hwd; bean 



tt 



^L 



tau* fii* jkon. Tau fii kdn ; 

kl. 



curd cakes, ^ 

bean stalks, ^ ^ tau* jhang. Tau hang, 

KI. 

Bean-cod, a small fishing vessel, j^Ji^ jU jShiin. Td 
ch'uen, ^^ ^ fi. .chau. Yii chau. 

Bean-goose ^^ ^ngo lui*. Ngo lui. 

Bear, to caiTy (on the back), ^ fii*. Fu, ^ ja6. 
M.6, ^ piii'. Pei, ^ ^ pui' fii*. Pei fii, i:^\t'o. 
T'o, ll jU. Yii, ^ jk'in. K'ien ; to cany on the 
shoulder, :{^ .tdm. T&n, ^ ^ .kin .t'i^. Kicn 
t'ifiu, ^ tang*. Tang, ^ ho*. Ho, f[ ^^ fu' ho'. 
Fii ho, ^^ ,tdm fii*. Tdn fii, ^ hong*. Hidng, 
|§ ,tdm. Tdn, ^ ho'. Ho, ^ k'it,. K'ieh ; to 
carry on the head, ^ tdi'. Tdi, ^ |[j^ fii' tdi'. 
Fii tdi ; to bear fruit, ^^ ^ kit, 'kwo. Kieh ko, 
^fc -^ kit, 'tsz. Kieh tsz ; to bear children, ^ 
'mIn. Mien, ^ -^ ,sbang 'tsz. Sang tsz, ^ ff 
,shang 'tsai, ^ -^ 'ch'dn 'tsz. Ch'dn tsz ; to bear 
a son, f^3^ l»ng' ,cheung. Lung chdng; to bear 
a daughter, |^ % lung' *ng/i. Lung yd ; to bear 
witness, f^ §g tsok, ching'. Tsoli ching ; to bear 
the responsibility, ^tt-F-'0fj tdm ,k'i ,kon hai*. 
Tdn k'i kdn hi, ;g.^ j^ 1. li [llj kok, sz' ,wai .f d 
shl* man'. Koh sz wei t'd shi wan, '^^j^^^JT 
[lij yduug' sz* ,wai .t'd 'sho man*. Y6ng si wei t'ii 
so wan ; I bear the expenses, ^ ^ 5K t^"^^ 
^ngo sho'. Kwei >vo sii, A *lfe ^ yaPi 'ngo sh6'. 
Yih wo sii, g^; 1^ (^ .kAx-ai *ngo 'pi' Kwei wo pi, 
^tH^ ^"aO ch'ut, jUgan. Wo ch'uh yin; to bear 
ono company, f^ ^ j)'ui tso*. P'ci tso, ^ j!^ 



BEA 



(151) 



BEA 



,p'ui piin^ 



P'ei pwau ; to bear a s'vord, -(^ ;^j | 
p'lii' kini'. P'ei kien ; to bear a name, ^ ^ 'yau 
jVneiig. Yu ming ; to bear a date (as a letter), ^ 
-^ 'yau yatj 'tsz. Yu jih tsz ; to bear a price, ^ 
"M^ 'yau kd' ,ts'in. Yu kid ts'ien; to bear resem- 
blance, [gj^ st'ung lui', ^^ tseung^ 'ts'z. Siang 
sz, ^^{y ^^^' 'ts'z. Lui sz; to bear a good face, ^^ 
^ ^ T'^^^ '^^"^ <^^' sluk,. Yu tan chi sih; to bear 
one good will, @ ^ ^cliung oi'. Chung ngai ; to 
bear a grudge, '^ f^ jWdi lian^ HwAi ban, f^f^ 
^p'6 ban-. P'au ban ; to bear a burden, :j^0 ^ ^ 
^tdm tam' -ye. Tan tan ye ; to bear in mind, J^ 
i^ ^skdung ,sam. Sbang sin, -^ ^ Jiom ch'uk,. 
H^n ck'ub, j\^^ ^ ^sam ^ts'ong. Sin tsang, ^ i^ 
^ ^ ,ckung ^sam jts'oug ^ckl. Chung sin tsang 
chi, nC ^ ki' 'kan. KI kin, |g ^, kl' nim^ Ki 
nien, 'j^ ^ jWai nim\ Hwai nien, ^ iij^ jv^'* ^lau 
tsoi^ jSam. Liu tsdi sin, ^|«~^j\a'fli kwa' tsoi' ^sam 
jt'au ; you did not bear it in mind, f^ P§ _t. ii^ 
'nl ,m ^sh^ung ^sam. Ni puh sbang sin ; to bear 
the loss, "g* j|5 -^ ^tong /ai kiit,. Tang kw'ei 
kiueh ; to bear patiently, fQ^ jj^ 'yan noi'. Jin 
»^i» fS- M 'yaii 111'- Ji^i k'i, ^ ,^, jung 'yan. 
Yung jin, ^ ^ Jidm jung. Hkn yung, ^ 1^^ 
*yan ^ts'ong. Jin tsdng, ^ ^ ^Tpku Jtibm. Pdu 
bin, ^ ^ ^p'o so'. P'o so, f ? ^j-^ pi k'au'. Pi 
k'au ; bard to bear it patiently, '|^if |^n^"^, jts'ing 
,ndn a 'yan. Ts'ing nan yd jin, pg^ iQ, ^| ^ ^m 
'yan tak^ chii- ; to bear fatigue, f3: ^ yam" ^16. 
Jin lau ; to bear cold, ^ }J^ u^ tung'. Yu tung, 
^^ iv ,hon. Yu ban, ^\^ 'tai 'lang. Ti lang, 
jj|^ '{^ yioi' 'lang. Nai lang ; cannot bear bis tyr- 
anny, T'f^ :^ it ^ pat, ^bom jk'i yeuk,. Pub ban 
k'i yob ; it is difficult to bear these bardsliips, ^ 
^ i^ ^ y^ '^'^ s^an ^liom. K'i k'u nan ban ; 
to bear difficulties, ^* f^ ,tong n{in'. Tang nan, 
^ ^§ shau- nan". Shau nan, ^ ngai". Yai ; this 
word does not bear that sense, vj^ \)i} ^ Pa 1% 1^ 
j^ ^ni ti' tsz' jra hai^ 'kom 'kdi ; to bear aAvay, ^ 
^- tai' bti'. Tai k'vi, % tak,. Teh ; to bear down, 
M a ^^'-^ chii". Yah chii ; to bear [offer] up, :j^ 
^^ 'lung chii". Pung chii ; to bear a blow or mis- 
fortune, iQ^ m 'yan nan'. Jin ndn, ^g* ^ ,tong 
nan". Tang nan ; to bear hardships, 'g^ ^ ^ 
jtong jlo 'fii. Tang lau k'li ; to bear on a subject, 
•tH {l!l lii 'chi t'i'i shut,. Chi t'a shwoh ; to bear 
with, l^ifi ngai" chii*. Yai chii, ^ shau' ; I can 
no longer bear it, p§- 1^ f^ j^ ^xo. ngai^ tak, chiv, 
P^-tJfcf^'tfe <™ '^''^i ^ak^ clili" ; to bear as well as I 
can, i^ '^^ 'tai ngai', Ti ydi ; to bear the blame, 
^ikW '■^^ tsui'. Ti tsiii ; to bear up under calami- 
lies, ^ ij^ ;fu ^tsoi. Fii ts4i ; to bear interest, ^ 
M\ .sbang sikj. Sang sih ; to bear misery, ^ ^ 
shau^ 'fu. Shau k'li ; to bear pain, i^ '^ 'tai 
t'ung'. Ti t'ung, ^ ^j^ ngai- t'ung\ Yai t'ung ; 
to bear an injury, p£j|^' hat, /ai. K'ih kw'ei, ^ 
j^ 'tai /ai. Ti kw'ei ; to bear in a certain direc- 
tion, ;f|[(H] 'chi h6ung'. Chi hidng ; to bear down, 
j^ 1» jts'iii 'h&. Ts'ui hid' ; to bear heavy respon- 



sibility, fi^ yam^ chuug^. Jin chung, ;^^ fti* 



chun^. Fii chung ; when you bear heavy respon- 
sibility, punishment will be equally severe, f$;^ 
^ M yam^ tai" chdk, chung'. Jin td tseh chung ; 
worthy to bear office, ^ _h. 'fi ^h6m ^sh^uBg 
yam^ Hdn sbang jin ; to bear away, to sail be- 
fore the wind, ,||i A ^- ijli 'shai pdt^ tsz' ll. Shi 
pdh tsz li ; to bear up, as a ship, ;^ jg; ^mdi kan\ 
Mdi kin, 5|jtiM 'shai ^mki . Shi mdi; to bear against, 
© tt^r 'shai jts'in 'ta. Shi ts'ieh t^; to bear hard 
upon an antagonist, ^ j^ kw'an' tikj. Ew'an 
tih; to bear with, or be indulgent, ^::^ ,fiin tdi*. 
kwan ta. 
Bear, ursus, f| jhung. Hiung, ^ J^ jhimg jan. 
Hiung jin; the red bear, ^f | ch'ik, jhung. Ch'ih 
hiung; the white ditto, ^ ^pi. Pi; a bear's palm, 
(a delicacy), f6i^ jbung 'ch^ung. Hiung chdngi 
H^{^- (bung jfdn. Hiung fdn; gall of bears (a me- 
dicine), ^^ ^ s^ung 'tdm. Hiung tdn ; the con- 
stellation of the Ursa major, i\^i\- pak^'tau. Peh 
tau ; to worship the Ursa major, ^ i|- pdi' 'tau. 
Pdi tau, fji§ i\- Uai 'tau. Li tau. 
Bear, | a kind of barley, -j^^ || tdi' mtik^ lui^ Td 
Bere, ) meli lui. 

Bearable, that can be borne, ^ ^ ^^ 'ho 'tai tak,. 

K'o ti teh, pT ^" # 'ho ngdi^ tak,. K'o ydi teh, 

=}^ # If 'tai tak, .tong. Ti teh tdng, |i # >^ 

ngdi" tak, chii'. Ydi teh chu. 

Bearably, in a bearable manner, -^^^ ts5^ tak,. Tso 

teh, %J^ ti:# 'ho 'i ts6' tak,. K'o i tso teh. 
Bear's-breech "^V^y^ jlong ,fd lak^. Ldng hwd lih. 
Bear's-ear ^^ jiQg 'ts'5. Ying ts'du. 
Bear's-garlic |1| ^ ^shan siin'. Shdn swdn. 
Bear's grease, bear's fat used for promoting' the 

growth of hair, ^^ y^ jbung jyau. Hiung yii. 
Beard, the hair that grows on the chin, ^ s6. Sii ; 
the beard around the face, ^ i$ ^ ,u <lln sb. 
Hii lien sii ; a floAving beard, ^ ^soi. Sdi ; the 
mustaches, ^ ^ ^li ^tsz. Hii tsz, /\ ^ ^ pdt, 
tsz" ^s6. Pah tsz sii, PM ||j^ ^ 'l^ung p'it, ,s5. 
Lidng p'ieh sii, p^ ^ ^ 'leung pat, ^so. lidng 
pih sii, 3^ ^ ^ *ng 'chi ^s6. Wii chi sii ; the 
whiskers, :g| il| jii jim. Hu yen ; curly whiskers, 
"Hi i^ s^'au jim. K'iii yen, ^ ^ -f' 'kiin jii 
'tsz. Kiuen hu tsz, ^ ^ ^liin ^s6. Liuen sii ; to 
shave the beard, ^)j ^ t'ai' ,s6. T'i su ; to wear 
the beard, •'^ ^ ^lau ^so. Liii sii, -^ ^ 'ch^ung 
^s6. Chang sii ; to moisten the beard (a festival 
given by friends to the person who begins to let 
his beard grow), }p^^ yun' ^s6. Jun sii ; he has a 
beard under the chin, ^^ T» W ^ s^^^ h^' T^^ 
.so. Hai hid yii sii ; to twirl the whiskers, ^^ p]\ 



^ nip^ "'ha ^so. Nieh hid sii; I will pull out your 
beard (said of an elder, when he acts contray to 
justice and equity), ^ ^ t'uk, ^s6. T'uh sii, ^ 
f^ maug' ^s6. Mang sii, ^| ^ jts'im ^so. Ts'ien 
sii; to dye the beard (wliich is often done by offi- 
cers when being presented to His Majesty), ^ 

M 
m 



■im ,s6. Yon sii, ^ ^ ,ti ^s5. "Wii sii ; the 



BE A 



(152) 



B2A. 



m 



hair ami beard have both turned grey, ^p^ yj 
(^ fih fi'it^ tsun' pJlk,. Sii fiUi tsln peh ; do not 
play with a tiger's beard (be careful!), ^J|?JJ^^ 



ing pains (last stage), Jf^ ching^cU'dn. Cling 
ch'ain. 
Bear-skin ff^ ^ ,hnng ,p'j. Iliung p'f. 



matj lilt, 'fu s5. "Wuh liueh hu sii ; the beard of Beast ^ sliau'. Shau ; wild ditto, ^ ^ 'yd shau'. 



graui, p;]^ kuk, ,ts'cung. Kuh ts'iting, ^ ,mong. 
Milng; tlic beard of wheat, ^ ,niong. Mang; the 
beard of rice, j§J7 'mi li. Miivu, ^ uk,. Uh, |f 
Ning, ^ 'mill. Miiiu, ^ ^ ^wo ,66. Ho 



.null,. 



sLi; a flowing beard, ll^'Mtl^M"^ shun^ ^\nn tik, 
,b5 'tsz. Shua liii tih sii tsz ; a red beard, j^ ^ 
,hung,s6. Hung sii, ^xl^-f' jhung ,85 'tsz. Hung 
Bu tsz; a long, curly beard, iL, i^ X^^ j^"^i- I^'i'^ 
yen; a goat's beard, ^tfe^ jycung 'ku ^s6. Yfing 
kii sA; to pluck out or extract the beard, ^ ^ 
pdt^ ,s5. P.ih sii ; to fondle the beard, :[^ ^ ^in 
^sb. Nicn sii. 

Bearded, as grain, ^g|,mongchung'. Mangchung; 
ditto as men, ^^ 'yau ,s6. Yu sii. 

Beardless ^(T: ^ ^mo ,s6. Wii sii, M^ ^ ^mb sb 
'tsz. Wu si'i tsz ; young, 1^ niin'. Nun, tK: ^ ^ 
inl* 'yau ^$6. Wi yii sii ; an aged man Avithout a 
beard, \\]t ^ flTl JV jP'o mln'. A p'o mien. 

Bearer, as a chair-boarcr, ^ 5^ 'kiu fii. Kiau fii, 
i^fi 'kiii ,pan. Kiiui pan, +^$gf^ ,t'oi 'kiu '16. 
TVii kiau hvu, MJ^W^ jmo 'mi 'ma. Wi'i wi md; 
a coolie, :|^n jl^'^tam .fii. Tdn fu, ^Q ^ fg ^lam 
tarn' '16. Tan tan lau, :|H jt^ ,1am 'ycS ^)^^ ,t'iu 
,fii. T'iau fii, lilf^ kcuk, ,fd. Kioh fu, n^iJlli .kii 
,li. Kii li ; a bearer of letters, P^ ^p, f^ tai' sun' 
'ci6. Tai sin die, ^."^ifi^^ tai' sun' ke', ^ ^ f^ 
*tsau ,shu sun'. Tsau shii sin; a bearer of des- 
patches, 5^ ^ 'p'iiu .ch'ai. P'au ch'ai, ^ oJT § 
'tsau ,man shii. Tsau wan shii ; bearers of des- 
patches to or from II. I. Majesty, ^ ^ ^ 'p'/iu 
jking ,chVu. P'au king cli'iii ; a high Imperial 
officer, who is the beaver of despatches, ^ ^ 
,yam ,ch'di. K'in ch'ai ; one who bears a corpse 
to the gi*avc, JiX 't'6 ^kung. T'u kung; 8 bear- 
ers and 8 outriders, /\, 46 /\ ^^ pdt, jt'oi pdt, 
ch'dp,. Piih t'di pdh ch'ah. 

Bearing, carrying, P,'^ thi*. Tai, 4n ,t/mi. Tdn, ^^ 
jt'oi. T'j'ii; producing, )^^ kit,. Kieh, ^ 'ch'dn. 
Cli'dn ; bearing in a certain direction, ^fi*! (n] 'chi 
heung*. Chi hidng. 

Bearing, doportincnt, ^j ^ 'pan liang^. Pin hing, 
I'lu '^ 'pan kdk^. Pin kch, |ff jT^ kdk, kuk^. Keh 
kiuli, ti^ ^ 'pan mong'. Pin wdng, ^ ^ jung 
luau^ Vung nidu, ^ \^ ,ynng shik^. Yung sili : 
behavior, ^y^'j ,ha"g jWai. llang woi, ij^ §/j 'kii 
tung'. Kii tuiijr, ijjj: j}; 'kii 'chi. Kii chi ; direc- 
tion, 4m In] '^'1^ li.ning'. Chi hidng; the bearings 
of the compass, ^[^ |fi) cham ,chi heung'. Cliin 
chi liidng, •^|- l^ ,chaiu 16'. Cliiu hi •, to steer a 
ship according to the bearings of the land, ^ \\\ 
W^(^ i^ l»oi^' ,sl>^" shai' teng' ^shiin 16'. K'un 
shan shi ting ch'iion hi, ^ ^\l \\\ }^ ^ mong' 
chit' shim 'slni hii'. "Wang chii shdn shi k'ii; a ' 
dowiiwnrd bearing, as iu child-birth, )J^,» ^^ ^ 
,t'oi tsok, t'ung'. T'l'ii tsoh I'uiijjj the regular bear- j 



Y6 shau, iJjflt ,8hdn shau*. Shdn shau ; ferociou* 
ditto, f^ j^ 'mang shau'. Mang shau, ."g ^ ok, 
shau*. Ngoh shau ; any four-footed animal, ^f^t 
'tsau shau*. Tsau sliau ; a beast of burden, ^^ f^ 
jt'o shau*. T'o shan ; a brutal man ^ i\: ch'uk, 
.shang. Ch'uh sang, ^ \ jts'dn ,yan. Ts'an jin, 
^ A 'mong jan. AVdng jin, ^ ^ 1^ A mau» 
mong ke' ,yan ; he who acknowledges no father 
nor prince is like birds and beasts, ^ 3^ fit ^ ;^ 
ikWiiil j™^ fii' M ckwan shi' jk'am shau* "jL 
^\'u I'd wii kiun shi kin shau y6 ; men who will 
not practice virtue, differ but little from birds 

and beasts. KZffrl>XUMtmf^^^ ja^ 
^chi 'sho 'i I* .11 .k'am shau* 'chd ,kl ,hl. Jin chi 
so i I yu k'in shau chd ki hi. 

Beast-like, like a beast, ^ Wi ^ — Wt *" ^^^^* 
ch'uk, yat, ,pun. I'u sliau ch'uh yih pwdn, ip ^ 
1^ ^ jii shau* 'k6m ydung*. Ju shau kdn ydng, 
^« ra^ 4 M H i^'i ch'uk, jShang ,m6 I*. Jii ch'uh 
sang wu i ; brutal, ^^,p(^ ^ts'dn 'yan ke', ^ ^ 
,hung ok,, lliung ngoh, ^^ij;^\ (lij Jong ,sam lik,. 
Lang sin tih. 

Beat, to, tr 'i^- Td, ^ kik,. Kih, ^ ,hfiu. K'du, 
:^ p'ok,. P'oh, |£J tT 'au 'td. Ngau tl\, ^ ,ch6. 
Chd, |j5[ ch'euk . Ch'oh, ^ ^ 'chi ,pd. Chi pd, 
Ut kid- Kidu, f^ h6p,. lloh, ^,yan. Yin, ^ 
kik,. Kih, ^lai*. Lib, ^ chong*. Chwdng, ^ 
kik.. Kih, ^ .pin. Pien, ^ tduk . Choh, ^tj- 
.ts'dn. Ts'un, ^f ni*. 1th, j^ kl'. Ki ; to beat 
with the whip, ^^ ^ j)in t'dt^. Pien tdh, ||f :g| 
,pin p'ok . Pien p'oh ; to beat, as clothes, ^ 't6. 
Tdu, 4^''t6. Tdu; to beat clothes, ^ fc 'ti> .<• 
Tdu i, ^^ ,ch'ui ,i. Ch'iii i ; to beat tire, :||ji| 
*i6 Idn*. Tdu Idn ; to beat or tap, ^ ,hdu. Kiku; 
to beat or rap the block Avhen chanting, HJc h^ 
.hfiu pukj jii. Kidu pub yd ; to boat to pieces, ^ 
^ .hdu Idn*. Kidu Idn, fl ^ 'td Idn'. Td Ian, 
fl ^ 'td sui'. Td sui, ^ ^ ,hdu sui'. Kidu sui, 
■J^^ p'ok, Idn'. P'oh Idn, ^ if^ p'ok, iui'. P'oh 
sui ; to beat the watch, {2^ ^ .hdu ,kanj-. Kidu 
l^anj?. iT Mi '<'^ M^S- 'ia l<^ang, gg ff kik, t'o\-,. 
Kih t'oh ig i^ kik, t'ok,. Kih foh, tf ^ ^ 'td 
,kang ,ii. IVi kang yd, |7 ^^ 'td .lang 'kii'. Td 
kang kd ; to beat or clap the wings, -|^|» ^, p'ok, 
yik,. P'oh yih ; to beat clean (as clothes), J^\> ^ 
)^ p'ok, ,kon fseng*. P'oli kdn tsiiig ; to beat 
M ith the hand, ]^l pok,. Poh ; to beat with a pes- 
tle, ;^ cluing. Chung, irf ^fining. Chung; to 
beat luiul walls, :^ >*j- .chung jls'iiung. Chung 
ts'idng, ^ J^ }^] ,chun 



}. 



.nai ,ts t'ung. 



Chung ) i 



ts'iang ; to beat chunaiu, ;^ T^y}^ ^chung ,fdi .shi*. 
Chung hwui slid, jj' f.Jl jf-j,' 'td fdi ^shd. Td hwi i 
slid ; to beat rice, i^jjt .cliuug 'inai. Churg mf ; 
to beat time, fy ^ 'td 'pdn. Td pdn, fg ^ ts«>, 
ngok,. Tsieh iigoli, jfij j^ t6' sho'. Tu sd, |g |Uj 



SUA 



(163) 



JBfiA 



td^ huk,. Td k'iuli, -^- |f| jam tsit^. Yin Isieb 
^^ tsit, p'ilk,. Tsielip'el/, f^j^ ^t'ui .Imu. Tii 
kidu, P|p]|^'lieimg 'p^in. Hhing pan ; to beat flat 
:f]" J^ 'tk 'pin. Td pien ; to beat gold into leaves 
i^il iCb'ui ,kampok,. Ch'ui kinpob, tT^^ 
'td ^kam ip^. Ta kin yeh ; to beat as a drum, ^u 
tsung. Tsung ; to beat the drum, ^J yj^ 'ta 'ku. 
Ta kii, tr H uk 'ta ,lo 'kii. Ta lo ku, if ^ kik 
\t. Kih ku, :g ^ ,ch'ui 'ku. Ch'ui ku, >f^ -^;i 
f^ 'kii. Tall kii, ^^ Jidu 'ku. Iviau ku, :|f Aj^ 
Mi 'kii. Lni kii, |;§§J ^cha 'kii. Cha kii ; to beal 
the enemy, fy0-^ 'td shing' ch6ung'. Td shing 
chdng, ^T^ 'td jyeng. Ta ying ; to beat against, 
or smash, ^J "^ 'ta sui'. Td sui, ^ ^ 'tarn sui'; 
to beat the breast, ^ f^ fu" jing. Pii ying, f] 



'ta 



liun^. 



Ta hiung, ^ fl&J tarn ^hun 



ch'ui ,hung. Ch'ui hiung ; to beat the breast 
^ jCh'ui jhung 'tam 'keng 



and neck 



m^ 



m 



to beat on the mouth, ^f]" ^ P^ 'ta 'tsui j)d. 
Ti tsui pd ; to beat back, tl M. 'td t'lii'. Td 
t'lii, ^ ^ kik, t'lii'. Kih t'lii ; to beat (knock) 
at the door, ^ P^ ,h&u jmun. Kidu mun, :j|| 
PI k'au' ^mun. K'au mun, ff f] 'td .miin. 
Ta mun; to beat one's head about a thin 
^ ^Ij ff 's6uns to' 



mung. 



SidnsT tdu 



mung, 



seung 



jUi ch'utj. Siang wii [puhj 
ch'uh ; to beat into (to teach), ^ gl^ ,hdu 'seng. 
Kidu sing ; to beat before a magistrate, P^ I']" 
,hdu 'td. k'du td ; to beat with a bamboo, <^ ^ 
,ch'i ch6ung^. Ch'i chdng, fj %(; Jiang cheung'. 
Hang chdng ; to beat 80 strokes, y^j ^ ^miin 
ch^ung". Mwdn chdng; to beat Avith the fist, l^X ^ 
gtJ- -1 ^k'iln ,t'au 'td. I k'iuen t'au td, i^ ^ tf 
'pi ^k'iin 'td. Pi k'iuen td, -f^ ^ ff 'pi 'shau 'td. 
Pi shau td ; to beat with the hand, ^i ^Wtff 
'pi 'shau 'pdn 'ta. Pi shau pdn td, ^ kwdk,, ^ 
'chdung. Chdng, |§ " ' Q ^ kwdk^ yat, ,pd 
'ch^ung, -^ :f§ 'shau kdk,. Shau keh ; beat and 
reviled him, 4T ^ tS ^d md' 'k'li ; cannot beat 
it out of his herd, ^^ g^ ^ fij'| pat, ^nang Jioi 'kai. 
Puh nang k'di kidi ; to beat to death, :^X ^ 'td 
'sz. Td sz, %% ^ 'au 'sz. Ngau sz, g'j^ ^ 'au pai'. 
Ngau pi, ^ nt" kik, j'^ong. Kih wdng ; to beat 
together (as mortar), ^ |^ ^chung lin^ Chung 
lien ; to beat, as the heart, |^| t'iu'. T'idu, ^ ^ 
^ tipj tipj t'iii' •, to beat silk or other tilings in 
the water, ^^,7 pai^ Pi ; to beat gently, ijig fj" 
Jieng'td. K'ing td, ^i^.4'|» Jieng p'ok,. K'ingp'oh; 
to beat A\^th a cane, '(^-''^^tT 'pi .pi'i td. Pi pien 
td j to beat severely, ijfj ^tj. -^^ ^^ 'td tak, Jcau 
^kwdn. Td teh kidu kwdu, -J^J f^ -^ fg 'ta tak, 
^sham ^sheung. Td teh shin shiing, ff f^ ji^ ||-^f^ 
'td tak, 'ho ^kwi'in hai^ Td teh hau kwdn hi, ff 
# iif ^ f# 'td tak, 'h5 ,ts'ai 'ts'&m. Td teh hdu 
ts'i ts'dn, ^^ tJ' chung- 'td. Chung ta, it| ts'uk,. 
Ts'uh ; to beat in a game, ^ ,ycng. Ying, ff 



.yens- 



'td jhang sh6'. Td liang sii, ^J ^ 'ta 
Td ying; he'll take less if he is beat 



down, m^tit 'lai 



'i5hau 



dMMt 



beat against the wind, ,^" :fg jg 'shai ^k'au 
jp'ung. Shi k'ii p'ung, ^ Tg Bl M, 'shai 'ting 
jt'au ,fung. Shi ting t'au fung ; to beat the price, 
j^ f^ 'kdm ka'. Kien Li i ; to beat or dash, as 
the waves, ^f^ ^ ,iu h5m'. Ydu kan, iSlk^^ 
j^ ,po jt'6 kik, ngon\ Po t'du kih ngdn, 'j^ :J7* 
long' 'td. Ldng td ; to fluctuate, ^^ ^ Jd tung*. 



Ydu tung ; to beat about, jf| 



u 



chau 



Avai 



'wan. Chau wei wan, p|^ nj :|'^ Heung ^t'au 'wan. 
Liang t'au wan, [/Lj |^^ sz' ch'ii' jts'am. Sz ch'd 
ts'in ; to beat up for soldiers, ^ J* 'hi ,ping. K'i 



pm<? 



O" 



jt6 'hang ; to 



Beat, a blow, — ff yat, 'td. Yih td, :ff — |I]T 't^ 
yat, -hd. Td yih hid, tT — |5|: 'td yat, chan^ Td 
yih chin, — ^ yat, kik,. Y'ih kih; a pulsation, ^ 
t'iu'. T'idu, ^ij^ mak^t'id'. Meh t'idu ; a watch- 
man's beat, g A ^ ^ ^ it}l c^ang ,yan ,king 
'shau jChi tl'. Kang jin king shau chi tl. 

Beat, I struck, ^J^^ 'td kwo'. Td kwo, ^-^ kik, 

Beaten, ) kwo'. Kih kwo ; pounded, ^ }^ ^chung 
kwo'. Chung kwo; to be beaten in an engagement, 
tr ffll 'td ^shii. Td shu, ^ ,shii. Shd, tr ^ 'td 
pai". Td pai ; ditto in a game, ^ ^shii. Shii, ^ 
^'A 1^ 'ta /u sho'. Td k'u sii ; I've beaten him, 
M. M tB cyeng 'to ^k'ii. Ying tdu k'ii ; beaten 
till the ilcsii was laid bare, tT ^f ^ ^ |^ i% 'td 
tak, ,p'i Jioi yuk^ chdn'. Td teh p'i k'ai juh 
chdn ; " he beat him on the shank with his staff, " 
i^ tit up 3t m -'i ch^ung^ k'au' ,k'i king'. I 
chdng k'au k'i king. 

Beater, one who beats, :^ ^ 'td 'die. Td chd ; an 
iron instrument for pounding, ^^ ^ fit, ,chung. 
T'ieh chung, |^ |f fit, jch'ui. T'ieh ch'ui ; a 
Avooden ditto, ;^ jj^ muk, ^ch'ui. Muh ch'ui, ^ 
J^ chan' 't'ing. Chin f ing ; a stone ditto, ^jl 
.cli'ui. Ch'ui, ^■'f} cheuk,. Choh, q^ tik,. Tih; a 
beater for silk, :^ ^f dm. T'dn. 

Beatific, ") that has the power to bless or make 

Beatifical, j happy, ^ ^ §»I ^yau fuk, tik,. Yd fuh 
tih, -^Wi% 'yau fuk, ke', j}]\ ,jig ffy .kd fuk, tik,. 
Kid fuh tih. 

Beatification, an act of the pope, by which he de- 
clares a person beatified or blessed after death, 
^ft^^^Z^ cCh'ing 'sz 'ch6 'heung ,f in 
^chi fuk,. Ch'ing sz chc hidng fien chi fuh; in 
China they say: the departed has ascended to the 
Genii, ^ ^ % ^ f |Jj ,ch'ing 'sz 'che ,tang ,sin. 
Ch'ing sz che tang sien, ^^^^MW^ .ch'ing 
'sz ke' jWai ^sin <yau. Ch'ing sz [^^] tih wei sien 
yd; the departed has gone to the western heaven, 
!?J ^ fSai fd'. Si fd, ^ glj ^ ,kwai .sai ^t'in. 
Kwei si t'ien. 

Beatify, to make happy, fj^ ipg chuk, fuk,. Chuh 
fuh ; to declare one to have ascended to heaven, 
^^^fr^ .ch'ing 'sz 'che ^shing ,t'in. Ch'ing 
sz che shing fien; in China, ^ ^ fjlj ,ch''ing 
jtang ,sin. Ch'ing tang sien, f|i| \^ ^sin ^yau. 
Sien yd. 

Dt'ating, laying on blows, fX 'ta. Td, ^ kik,* Kihj 



BEA 



(164) 



BEA 



dashing aj^ainst, ^ chong'. Chvrdng ; conquer- 
ing, ^ shing'. Shing, ff M. '^^ ^^^^- '^^ y^"^? 
sailing against the direction of the wind, @:|@^ 
'shai ,k'au iP'ung. Shi k'ii p'ung. 

Beating, a, ^ 'tL Td ; gave him a beating, fj" jij^ 
fg 'td tiu' *k'u. Td tidxi k'ii. 

Beatitude, felicity of the liighest kind, jfg fuk,. Fuh, 
^ Ijlg shing* fuk,. Shing fuh, J^ ,|| hau* fuk,. 
Hau fuh ; a declaration of blessedness, ^^ 'yau 
fuk,. Yu fuh. 

Beau, a man of dress (in Canton), [!§ |^ ff ,8ai 
,kwdn 'tsai ; general term, :^ iS 1^ tai^ fi' ,kun. 
Ta d kwdn, ^ ir ^ ,kung 'tsz ,kd. Kung tsz 
kid, ^ t£ ^ "f" <^^* S^ ,kung 'tsz. Hwd hwk 
kung tsz. 

Beau-ideal !^^ mat^ shik,. Wuh sih ; a conception 
of consumate beauty, ^ ^ ^ |^ ^ch'iu ^kw'an 
,chl 'ml. ChViu k'iun chi mei. 

Beau-monde, the fashionable world, ^II$P^ A M'^ 
jshi k6' ,yan, ^ n^ Wt c^s'ii ,shl shai'. Ts'u shi 
shf, -^^^ ^ n(^ \ chduk, jp'ai ,ch'6ung W jan, 
^ ^ ^ 1'"' .^^n i^'^ 'ch^. Hdu fdn hwd ch^ 
*Ti'n''l^li^'tsoiShongk6'. 

Beauteous, very fair, j^^ 'h6 'mi. Hku mei, ^^ 
kik, ^mi. Kih mei, ^||| 'h6 leng'. Ildu ling. 

Beauteously, in a beauteous manner, ^ ^ 'mi ,in. 
Mei jen ; in a manner pleasing to the sight, 
^ shin' .In. Shen jen, ^^ ,In ^in. Yen jen, g 
^ Im* ,in. Yen jen. 

Beautified, adorned, ^ ^^^ ,chong shik, kwo'. 
Chwdng shih kwo, f^ ■^ jl^ ,sau shik, kwo'. Siii 
shih kwo, l^lffeM '^^^ ^^"k> kwo'. Fan shih kwo, 
Tik^M. ^chong 'chingkwo\ Chwdng ching kwo, 
%^/j-i^ ,chong pdn' kwo'. Chwdng pfm kwo. 

Beautifier, he that makes beautiful, }|^|jl|^ ,chong 
shik, 'ch6. Chwdng shih ch6, f^ 1$ ^ (Sau shik, 
'ch6. Siii shih ch6, Jj6(> f^ :;|- 'fan shi^ 'ch6. Fan 
shih ch^. 

Beautiful, having the qualities that delight the eye, 
H 'mi. Mei, H ^ 'mi lai'. Mei li, ^ %^ sau' 
lai'. Siu li, ^ j/ti >J" lai^ Kidu li, ^ ^ .kiii 
im*. Kidu yen, -^ ^kdi. Kid, ^^'h6 't'ai. Hdu 
t'i, j^ ^ 'hh hon'. Hdu k'dn, d^ g tiit^ muk^. 
Toh muh, ^(^ -^ ,ts'ing sau'. Ts'ing siu, ^ ^ 
jP'in jkun. P'ien kiuen, f^ ,shin. Shen, ^^ 'h6 
y^ung'. Hdu ydng, 1/i ^ jing ying. Ying ying, 
gE jShan. Chin, ^ ,sui. Sui, jing. Ying, ^ 
nip,. Nieh, ^ jj>^ 'yau ^ng. Yu wii, ^ ^J 'chin 
'tin. Chen tien, ^ y^ lai' 'hhk LI tseh, B^ ^ 
'in'iin. Yenwdn,^,iu. Ydu, ^^^ ^p'ing ^fing. 
Fing t'ing. j^ ^ ,fang .yung. Fung Jung, j}| 
jleung. Lidng, ^ 1'. I, ^^^ /ai. Hwui, ^^ § 
'kdu 'kku. Kidu kidu, ^ ^^ 'iii tiu'. Ydu tidu, 
jg ch'eung. ChYmg, ^ ,ch6ung. Chdng, |^ 
ch^ung. Chdng, ^' miu^ Midu, ^if^ 'mi miji\ 
Mei midu, ^ ^ ,ying ^wd. Ying hwd, ^ j^ 



.tseng chi*. Tsing chi, ^j^ Jjjg .shun lai^ Shun 11, 
Ifl j^ ,piu chC. Pi&u chi ; a beautiful thing, j^ 
fS^mr 'li6 't'ai ke' Ve. !t^^ZM\i^ '^^ ^ou! 



,chl ,tung ^sai. Hdu k'dn chi tung si ; a beautiful 
female, ^, -^ yuk, 'nu. Yuh nu, ^ \'ml .yan. 
Mei jin, ^ 35c ^^^ *nii. Mei nu, |^ \ lai' .van. 
LI jin, ^ A '^^^" jy^°- ^^^" J'"' 5. A .vukj ^yan. 
Yuh jin, ^ A c^^ Jan. Kid jin, ^ ^ ,iu ^tsz. 
Ydu tsz, j^^ 'niii W Nidu no, ^^ ,kiu ^6. 
Kidu jdu, ^^ ,0 'no. O no, 3^ k'ong', K'dng. 
il^, fau'. Fau, $f # P^ ic 'b^ y^ung" k6' hitt, jg 
#^f|i 'k'ii ydung^ 'h6 leng'. K'ii ydng hdu ling, 
^fl^f^ ^shang tak/h6 'ts'iu. Sang teh hdu 
ts'idu ; enchantingly beautiful, ^ 4|l 'iin ,liin. 
Yuen liuen ; extremely beautiful, ^|^ kik^ 'ml 
Kih mei, |g^ tsut^shik,. Tsiueh sih, ^^ ,t'In 
,tsz. T'ien tsz, @ ^ kwok, shik^. Kwoh sih, -|- 
^ j^ ^ shapj ,fan 'h6 yeung'. Shih fan hdu 
ydng ; a beautiful countenance, ^J jg; ^ 'h6 min' 
mdu'. Hdu mien mdu, 3S M y^^j niln\ Yuh 
™i«i». 3«. 1^ yuk, jUgkn. Yuh yen, ^ ^ yuk, 
,yung. Yuh yung, ^ ^ 'ml <yung. Mei yung, 
i^ ^ 'ml mdu'. Mei mdu, ^ ^ ^ 'mi jyung 
mdu^ Mei yung m&u, 5^ ^ 'mi shik,. Mei sih, 
$f ^ ^ 'h6 ,tsz shik,. Hdu tsz sih, ^ |P, ^ j^ 
,shang tak, ts'iii' .p'l. Sang tch ts'idu p'i, J|jt|g^ 
'^ chong* mdu' ^fi .sh^ung. Chwdng mdu fi chdng; 
a beautiful child, ^f? jing 'tsai. Ying tsz, jff-^ 
"(^^ff^f? 'h6 Jing k6' sai' ,man 'tsai, iff M 'tt 
yj% ^ 'h6 leng' k6' 'siii 'tsz. Hdu ling [^ij] tih 
si&u tsz, j^ ^ If 'h5 ,tseng leng'. Hdu tsing 
ling ; beautiful eyes, HR^^itTf^ 'ngdn ,shang 
tak, 'h6 'ts'iii. Yen sang teh hdu ts'idu, ||Q 'ml 
muk,. Mei muh, ^ B^ 'mi 'ngdn. Mei yen, ^ 
H^ ,ts'au ,po. Ts'iu po, JtBR fung' 'ngdn. Fung 
yen, |^ j^ung. Ydng, ^f .iu. Ydu, ^ .fang. 
T'ang, ^ lok,. Lob, ^ .fdn. Fdn, i^ ^lun. Liuen; 
a beautiful wife, ^ ^ Im' .ts'ai. Yen ts'i, ^ ^ 
,kiu ^ts'ai. Kidu ts'i; a beautiful son, ^^ 'mi 'tsz. 
Mei tsz, j^^JI"^ 'kdu 'ml ,ndm 'tsz. Kidu mei 
ndn tsz, ^ ^ ,kdi .1. Kid rh, ^ ^ ts'iu' 'tsz. 
Ts'idu tsz ; a beautiful daughter, ^-^ ^ 'mi 
'nu 'tsz. Mei nii tsz, ^i^^^. lok^ ti' .fd tdn'. 
Loh tl hwd tdn, ^|^g- ^shang ,kun jam. Sang 
kwdn yin ; a beautiful editicc, i^ ^^ J§ jwd 'ml 
,kdn uk,. Hwd mei kien uh, ^fj-: ,wd .lau. Hw4 
lau, ^1^ 'ml .lau. Mei lau, ^l<t kam uk,. Kin 
iih ; a beautiful palace, ^ '^" ,fai kung. Hwui 
kung, 5 ^ yukj jlau. Yuh lau ; a beautiful 
poem, -g: jij ,kdi kii'. Kid kii, ^ f^ ^kdi tsok,. 
Kid tsob, Ijil f^ 'pj 'h6 ,shi ku'. Hdu slii kii, §f 
^'^^ 'hb mi' ke' ^shi, ^^ kdi ,choung. Kid 
chdng ; a beautiful composition, ^| ^ ,kdi .man. 
Kid wan, $ffi ^' (if ^ tsiit^ miu' 'h6 ,ts'z. Tsiueh 
midu hdu ts'z ; beautiful color, ^^ 86 ^ ^ <^^^ 
Im' ,chi shik,. Kidu you chi sih ; very beautiful 
fingers, -^^j^^jjll shap, 'chi ,ts'im .ts'im. Shih 
chi ts'ien ts'ien, ij^^ i^ 3R "^ M'^^ M'^^ y^K 
'shau. Ts'ien ts'ien yuh shau; very beautiful, ;g 
^ kik, 'mi. Kih mei. 
Beautifully ^ ^ 'mi ,In. Mei jen, H ffK shin' .In. 
Shen jen ; beautifully made, i^ # ^^jp **"* ^^ 



BEA 



C155) 



BEC 



sham^ 'hb. Tso teh shin hdu, -^^g^ tsb' tak, 
kikj ^kdi; she looks beautifully, ^lE^J-i^ ,chan 
ching' 'h5 't'ai. Chin ching hau t'i, H^Pg^ 't'ai 
jin im' ; beautifully formed, ^%f[ff^ ^shang 
tak, 'hb 'ts'id. Sang teh hdu ts'idu ; beautifully 
embroidered, ^^%'^0. sau'tak, ,tsengchi\ Siii 
teh tsing chl, ^^ ^^ ^ ^^ sau' tak, 'h6 't'ai. Siii 
teh hdu t'i ; beautifully said, ^ |^ shln^ shut,. 
Shen shwoh, .^ $% shin* is'z. Shen ts'z. 



Beautifulness, elegance of form. 



,kiu *ml. 



Kidu mei, ^^f| "mi ^yung 't'ai. Mei yung t'i; 
beauty, ^ g 'mi 'ch6. Mei ch6. 

Beaixtify, to make beautiful, ^ tsoi'. Tsdi, ^ ^ 
jChong shik,. ChwAng shih, jj^ ff^ ^sau shik,. Siii 
shih, ^ nig 'fan shik,. Fan sliih, ^ fj^ 'ching 
shikj. Ching shih, ^^ ^ ,chong 'ching. Chwdng 
ching, -^H^ tso- jWa hni. Tso hwd mei, ^H 
^ 'ching jwa 'mi. Ching hwd mei, ^ $lj jlf J^ 
'ching t6' 'h6 ch'ii'. Ching tdu hdu ch'u, ^ f |J 
^ ^ 'ching t6' 'kong kau', ^ ^ij || g 'chmg 
t6' jWd lai^ Ching tdu hwd li, ^Ji]^^ 'ching 
tb' ^i lai^ Ching tdu mei li, ^^Ij ttl fe 'ching 
tb* ch'ut, shik,. Ching tdu ch'uh sih, ^ 
'ching to' jpiii chi'. Ching tdu pidu chi. 

Beautify, to advance in beauty, ^ A '^ ^ tsim* 
yap, ,kdi 'king. Tsien jih kid king. 

Beautifying, the act of rendering beautiful, ^ fjjl 
^chong shik,. Cliwdng shih ; see Beautify. 

Beauty ^ shik,. Sih, ^ 'mi. Mei, ^ ^ im* lai*. 
Yen li, ^ j|f ^wd lai'. Hwd li ; a beauty, ^ -^ 
'mi -nii. Mei nii, ^ "^ ,tsz shik,. Tsz sih, ^ "^ 
jChii shik,. Chu sih, Jjj^ ^ jShii shik,. Shu sih ; 
the city was lost from her great beauty, ^^'^ 
^ mdu' tsuk, jk'ing ^shing. Mau tsuh k'ing ching; 
a beauty, who can overthrow a state, ^ ^ ^ ^ 
,t'in ^tsz kwok, shik,. T'ien tsz kwoh sih, |^ ^ 
kwok, shik,. Kwoh sih ; the smile of beauty, — ■ 
■^ ^ M y^*j siii' jin jin. Yih siau yen jen ; the 
beauty of a landscape, ^T :^ ^ "^hb 'king shik . 
Hdu king sih, ^^t0. 'hb 'king chi\ Hdu king 
chi ; beauty excites men, ^ ^ ^ A ^^* shik^ 
tung* ,yan. Yen sih tung jin ; false beauty, f^|£ 
chd' leng*. Cha ling; the beauties of seasons, ^ 
^ jShiu ,kwong. Shdu kwkng, fg ^ jSliiii ^wd. 
Shdu hwd ; loveliness, pf ^ ^ 'ho oi' 'ch6. K'o 
ngdi ch6 ; the beauties of history, J& ^ ^ 'sz 
jChi 'mi. Shi chi mei, ^^ ^^ 'sz ^shii ,chi 
mi*. Shi shii chi wi, ^^^ 'sz jii, Shi yii; beauty 
is lost (said of badly formed characters), ^ ^ 
^mb wan*. Wii yun. 

Beaver, an amphibious quadruped, of the genus 
castor, valuable for its fur, ;'^ |g 'hoi Ji. Hdi li, 
i^ M 'hoi ,lo. Hdi lo, ^$ 4^ 'hoi ^lo. Rbi lo ; a 
beaver's skin, j^ ^ ^ 'hoi ,lo ^p'i. Hdi lo p'i. 

Beblubbered, foul or swelled with weeping, PJ^ i^ 
5^ M © 8^ hdm' tak, ^t'au 'chung min* 'wai. 
Hkn teh t'au chung mien wei. 

Becalm, to make quiet, -f^ tS ^ ^ 'pi *k'u ,on 
tsing;*. Pi k'ii ngin tsing, ^^^^^ 'sz ,cWpat, 



tung*. Shi chi puh tung, ^ tS ^ If ^^^ 'k'u 
pat, tung*. Ling k'ii puh tung, ^ tgPl-^p ling* 
*k'u jffi yuk,; to appease, ^^^^ 'sz ,chi jP'ing 
jWO. Shi chi p'ing ho, ^ ;^ jP'iiig iChi. P'ing 
chi. 

Becalmed, quieted, i^ -^ ^ |^ 'sz chi .on tsing*. 
Shi chi ngdn tsing, ^'^^-'^ 'sz kwo' pat, tung*. 
Shi kwo puh tung, # 3^ tg Pg |p 'pi kwo' ^k'u 
jm yuk, ; appeased, ^^}^^'^ 'sz kwo' jP'ing ,on. 
Shi kwo p'ing ngdn, ^^® ^cnwai'kwo\ Ngiu 
wei kwo ; becalmed as a ship, M||_^ ^mb ^fung 
/shai. Wii fung shi, 1^ Pg- ^) jShiin ,m yuk,, ^ 
—'^f^^M. 'mb yat, tik, kbm' ^to ,fung. 

Becalming, appeasing, ^ ^ ^on wai'. Ngfin wei; 
keeping from progress, ^Tf^ ^ 'sz pat, tung^ , 
Shi puh tung, i||Pgf p 'sz ^m yuk,. 

Became, see Become. 

Because p^ jan. Yin, UJ ^ jan wai\ Yin wei, 
^ ,un. Yuen, -j^ liai*. Hi, g) ^ jan hai*. Yin 

lii. ^ J^^S- J"«S. M J^^^S- J^'^'g' ^ chik^. 
Chih, ^ 'chung. Chung, ^ wai*. Wei ; on this 
account, ^ ^\^ jan 'ts'z. Yin ts'z, -^ ^ wai' 
'ts'z. Wei ts'z, ^ jtt: jiin 'ts'z. Yuen ts'z, ^ ^ 
^yau 'ts'z. Yu ts'z, ^ [tt <: i|^ jan 'ts'z ,chi kti\ 
Yin ts'z chi kii, ^^t^^^jc jau 'ts'z ,iin kii'. Yii 
ts'z yuen kii, ^ lit i?n 3J5 wai' 'ts'z Jl ^loi. Wei 
ts'z rh Idi, iE^ll:|:-& ching' wai* 'ts'z 'yi. Ching 
wei ts'z y6; one sneezes because he has taken 
cold, tr'tMU^i^M'^^ liat, ^ch'I hai* jan 
%ng ch^uk, ; I shall go there because of you, (J) 
f5> ^ ^ jan 'ni 'ngo hii'. Yin ni wo k'ii; he 
entered the government service, because he was 
poor, ^ r?n tfc jan sP'an ^i sz*. Yin p'in rh 
sz ; he served the government not because he is 
poor, pi^M^^ sz* /i wai* ,p'an '^L Sz fi 
wei p'in y^. 

Bechance, to happen to, ffl^jH 'ngau ii*. Ngau yii. 

Becharm, to captivate, ^^ .mai jWan. Mi hwan. 

Becharmed, captivated, ^ z^ |J^ jmai ^wan chan*. 
Mi hwan chin. 

Beche-de-mer, see Biche-de-mer. 

Bechic, a medicine for relieving coughs, 
chi* k'at, y^uk^^ Chi k'ih yob. 

Beck, to nod, l^sM^M ^g^P^ s^'au .chi i', ^ sj 
^ i^ ngap, ^t'au ,chi 'kai, ifi fl^ # ;§ 'tim ,t'au 
lii* i\ Tien t'au hwui i ; to make a sign with the 
hand, tr^H 'td 'shau hb*. U shau hiu, J^ :^ 
'chi ,fai. Chi hwui, ^ >jt 'chi shi*. Chi shf , :jf 
l/j 'chi 'tim. Chi tien, 4* tS 's^au ,chiii. Shau 
chdu ; to beck and call, flJI^^B^ ngap^ 'shau kiii', 
^^^^Pf ngap^ 'shau ^chiii fu. 

Becking, directing by a nod, l^| sj ngap^ ^t'au, |^ 
Hg 'tim ,t'au. Tien t'au, (|| M ^ ^f ^^gaPi »t'au 
'chi /ai. 

Beckon, to make a sign to another by a motion of 
the hand, 1!^ ngap,, P^ ^ ngap, 'shau, ^t ^ ,fai 
'shau. Hwui shau, ^ ,piu. Piiu, ^ ,ch'iii. 
Ch'du ; beckon him to come, PjltE^ ngap, 'k'ii 
jloi; to beckon mih the eyes, ^ ^ sung' mink,. 






nfe 



(is^) 



ijfciJ 



Sung muh, j^ flft sung' ^ngdn. Sung yen, ^ g 
,kw£n mukj, Kwin muli, ^ i|{^ "g'^Pj 'igi'i, -^ 
BR^ ,tiu ^ngiu kok,. Tidu yen koli, 0. g 7jVf ; ^i 
muk, shi' i'. :^muh shi i, Sf-^W'^^^id) "gap^ 'ngdn 
shut, 'kai, ^sJiW M^ t^'a^ ^""o^ "i"K- 'I'i^u 
t'au lung mull, l^jl^ljg ^ ngap^ *ngdn ngap, pi', 
^MW^ lung' 'ngdn lung* pi'. Lung yen lung 
pi ; ditto with the head, \^ s^ ngap^ jt'au, ^jS sjt 
'tim ,t'au. Tien t'au, liX^jfM '^ 'sli^i" sl'i' i*. I 
shau shI i ; he beckons me, fgil^^l^^ 'k'ii ngap^ 
Vo .lai, 1U ^k M m fic 3k 'k'u 'tim ,t'au ,chiu 
*ngo ,loi. K'ii tien t'au chiu avo lii ; to beckon 
and call, tg Pf ^chiu ,fu. Chdu hu. 

Beckon, a sign made without words, ^T M '^^ 1^^'- 
Td hiu. 

Beckoned Ijg ^ ngap^ kwo', pg^ ji^ 5^ ngap, kwo' 
,t'au, ^^:iiiSM 'tim kwo' ^t'au.' Tien kwo t'au, j>j( 
@ ^ ^ ,"§; ^1 mukj sung' kwo' i'. I muh sung 
Vwo i, ^J j;^!!^^ 'td kwo' 6m' hb'. Td kwo ngdn 
hdu. 

Becloud, to obscure, ^ A ^ ^ I'^g^ ,yan ^mung pai'. 
Ling jin mung pi, ^A^i^ 'sz ^j an /an mi'ii'. 
Shi jin hwan mei, ^ \ f^ t\^ 'sz jan ,mung 
miii'. Shi jin mung mei, '^AOd ^ 'sz jan 6m' 
m\ii'. Shi jin ngdn mei. 

Beclouded, clouded, ^^j^^ ^fau ,wan 'miin ^t'in. 
Fau yun mwan t'ien, M'^"^^ hak, ,wan mat^ 
p6'. Hih yun mill pu, ; darkened as the mind, ^ 
^ ,mung miii'. Mung mei, ^ ^ jWiung 'tung, 
-g; ^ /an jmai, Hwan mi, ^ jmung. Mung, ^ 
^mung. Mung, ^ ^ iHiung pai'. Mung pi, ^ 
^ /an imung. Hwan mung, -g; ^ /an mui'. 
Hwan mei, -g; Hg- /an 6m'. Hwan ngdn, ^ y^ 
,mungwan'. Mung hwan, '/J^Jtfe wan' tun'. Hwan 
tun, Hg^^ 6m' mui'. Ngd:i mei, vCi)-^ ,sam /an. 
Sin hwan, j^^i^ ^ ,sam /an. Sin hiun,' ;^ j^ i' 
,mai. I mi, t^ ^ ^sam ^mung. Sin mung, ^ 
,nku. NAu. 

Become (pret. became; pp. become), to pass 
from one state to another, J^ jShing. Ching, j^ 
Ub\ Tso, ^ chi'. Chi, /^ .shang. Sang, ^j^ Idt,. 
rdb, j§| .ts'in. Ts'ien, jjg 'hi. K'i, -f^^ Id'. Hwd, 
<fc ^ Id' ,wai. Hwd wei, ^ /'au. T'au ; to be- 
come a guest, f>j; tdp,. Tdh ; to become king, ^^ 
Jl ts6' ,wong. Tso wdng, ^ ^ ^wai ,Mong. Wei 
wdng, -^ -^ /ang wai^ Tang wei ; to become 
good, ^ H ^ts'in shin'. Ts'ien shen, ^ ^ 'sui 
shin'. Si shen, ^ -^ /s'ung shin*. Ts'uiig shen : 
to become wealthy, |jif |j| iut, ^ts'oi. Tdh ts'di, 
/^^ .shang jts'oi. Sang ts'di, flj$| slung' .ts'in. 
Slung ts'ien, ^ 'g chi' fu'. Chi fii ; to become 
angry, ^ ^. lat, n6'. Fah nu, ^ ig ,shang n6'. 
Sang ud, ^ *C 'hi n6'. K'i nu, ||/j ^^ tung' n6'. 
Tung nti, |$Jj| fdt, ,ndu. Fdh nidu, ^ ^ ^sliang 
hi'. Sang k'i ; to become mad, §^ ^ Idt, ,tiu. 
Fdh tien, ;^^ fdt. .kw'ong. Fdh kw'iing ; to be- 
come leprous, f^ ^ flit, /ung. Fdh fung ; what 
will become of him ? j|^ ^ ^11 'fpf ,t8eung jloi ,\i 
,ho. Tsidng lOi j\i ho, ^MM .^s*^""? »^oi 'tim 



y^ung*. Tsidng Idi tien yang ; what became of it 
in the end ? j\<c )% ^/j ^ ,shau 'mi 'tim y^ung*. 
Shau wi tien ydng, ^(^^imii^Vji hau' jloi ,u ,ho 
.ni. Hau hli ju ho ni, ^ 3^ J^ f:'i hau' ,loi p6' 
'tim, ^^^^ kau' 'king 'tim y^ung*. Kid king 
tien ydng, f HJI^'/iif^ t6' 'tai ^u ,ho. Tau ti ju ho, 
2^ Z ^h ^ tsut, ,chi 'tim ,n!, U^B^)i ,kwai 
,kan 'tim ,ni ; that dress becomes you very well, 
^ ff # A'n'^ ko' kin' ,6hdm sham' h6p* shik,. 
Ko kien san shin hoh shih, lt[^ f^ ^ ^ ]g 'ts'z 
jShdm kik, hbp^ i'. Ts'z sdn kih hoh i ; it becomes 
a man of honor to speak the truth, ^^^%i^ 
"f" iVf 1i^ /^ 'kong ,chan wd' ^wai ,kwan 'tsz 'sho 
/ong /n, Kidng chin hwd wei kiun tsz so tdng 
jen, # i^ ii ^ il ^ IJ ,kwan 'tsz ,ying fen' 
'kong chan wd'. Kiun tsz ying fan kidng chin 
Invd ; to become old, -^if^ % jShing. Ldu ching, 
Jf&^^^-k jShing ,wai *16 tdi'. Ching wei ldu tk ; 
to become ripe, Jj^ ^ ,shing shuk^. Ching shuh, 
^^ jShang shuk^. Sang shuh ; to become Avhite, 
l|^ 1^ chiin' pdkj. Chuen peh ; he has became a 
a nice lad, ^fl^-^ ^shang tak, ,ying'tsz. Sang 
teh ying tsz ; what Avill become of trade, ^^/^ 
M: ^^iiaiiii pat, ,chi ,shang i' /sdung Joi ^u 
,ho. Pull chi sang i tsidng Idi ju ho ; what has 
become of our companion ? fijt^'l^f^'fi^l^^^ 
*ni jChi jt'ung pun' ,ho ch'ii' chduk, lokj. Ni chi 
t'ung pwan ho ch'u choh loh. 

Becoming, befitting or appropriate, 1^ ^ ji ,in. I 
J«D' ^ ,^? ,tong ,in. Tdng jen, ;?Jj p^ 'pun ,ln. 
Piin jen, J§ ^ jing /ong. Ying tdng, ^ ^ 
jing fan'. Ying fan, |§ ^ fmg ,koi. Ying kdi, 
^ 1: h6p, / Hoh i,^m 1i"Pj 'lai. Hoh U, TJS 
^ 'pun /ong. Pun tdng, TJI Jg 'pun jing. P6n 
ying. 

Becomingly, after a becoming manner, 'g' j^ / ,In. 
i jen. '^ .^ /ong /n. Tdng jen, ^ jf^^ j'ing /n. 
Ying jen. 

Becripplc, to make lame, tT Si* iiV 'td ^pai kduk,. 
Td pi kioh 

Bed, an article of furniture to sleep on, ^ jCh'ong. 
Ch'wdng, ^i ^ch'ong. Ch'wdng. ^ ;|g ,ch'ong 
t'dp.. Ch'wdng t'dh, II t'dp,. T'dh, —^J^a yat, 
,cheuug jCh'ong. Yih chdng ch'wdng, ^g ,chiti. 
Chau; a kind of divan or court of honor in a hall, 
'^Jj;j;k'ong',ch'ong. K'dng ch'wdng. if ^(.f; ching' 
jCh'ong. Ching cli'wdng ; a double bed, :fz H^ 
tdi' jCh'ong. Td ch'wdng^ a single bed, ^^ sai* 
jCh'ong. Si ch'wdng ; a bed of a river, J^\^ |£ 
,ho ,chi 'tai. Ho chi ti, yX ^ J!lS .kong .chT'tai. 
Kidng chi ti ; a level piece of ground in a garden, 
—'I'm K"i i-di .vat, fuk, ,un ti'. Yih fuh yuen ti ; to 
go to l)cd, ( J||; 'shdung ,ch'ong. Shdng ch'wdng, 
IJ^ '3h(5ungt'dp,. Shdng t'dh, ^{g ^tangt'dp,. 
Tang fdli, J^ ^ ,tang ,ch'ong. Tang ch'wdng, 
^? >\^ s*'*"' jCh'ong. T'au ch'wdng; to get out of 
bed, /j^ 'H; lok, ^ch'ong. Loh ch'wilng, 7: ^ 'hk 
,ch'ong. Hid ch'wdng, ^ ^ 'hi ,shan. K'I shin ; 
to be abed, ;^Jjj; tsoi' ^ch'ong. Tsiu ch'wAnj, g\ 



BED 



(167 5 



Md 



^^ ngo^ tsoi- jCh'ong, Ngo tsM cliVdng, ^^ 
il^ ngo' tsoi- t'ap,. Ngo tsdi t'dh, B|i) >j^ ^ fan' 
lok^ jCh'ong; to make up a bed on the floor, :^J 
til? ^ 'tA ti' ,p'6. Ta ti p'u ; to be sick abed, ^ 
^^^ 'yau peng- tsoi' ^ch'ong. Yu ping tsdi 
ch'w^ng; to be brought to bed, g§^ Jam jp'un. 
Lin pw'an, ^^ ^ /an ^min. Pan mien ; to make 
the bed, ^ j^ ^p'^ jCh'ong. P'u ch'wkng ; a fire 
warmed bed, ^ (^ 'lb k'ong'. Ho k'ang ; a stra- 
tum, — ^ yat^ "lui. Yih lui, — ^ ijll yat^ *lui 
ti^ Yih lui ti ; to make partaker of the bed, ^ 
^ ts'ii' /s'an. Ts'ii ts'in ; to lay the bed for a 
pavement, ^ 5 J^ 'P'^ shek, keuk,. P'u shih 
kioh ; bed in a miU, ^ (j^ ^ mo- 'tai shek,. Mo 
ti shih, ^^^ mo- jp'un shek^. Mo pw'an shih; 
I will go to bed, gglll id' fan'. Yau hiun, ^^ 
hii' 't'au. K'ii t'au, -^ ® hii' shui^ K'u shwui, 
fy ^ 'tA shui'. Ta shwui ; go to bed, ^ gil] \t§^ 
hii' fan* lok, ; early to bed and early to rise, makes 
a man healthy, wealthy and wise, ^_h^,-^^ 
^'p.AilJ^'mM^B' Y"^ 'sh^ung ^ch'ong. 
'ts6 'hi ^shan, 'sz jan 'h6 kin' fii' kwai' chi' wai^ 
Tsdu shdng ch'w^g, tsdu k'i shin, shI jin hdu 
kien fii kwei chi hwui. 

Bedabble, to sprinkle (with water), j^ 'shd. Shd, 
yH^ylC 'shd 'shui. Sh.a shwui, j^ jlam. Lin, j^^fC 
jlam 'shui. Lin shwui. 

Bedabbled, sprinkled (with water), ^^ 'sha kwo'. 
Shd kwo, ^J^i^TJC 'shd kwo' 'shui. Sha kwo shwui, 
1^ }jS jlam kwo'. Lin kwo, ^ jj^ ^j^C jlam kwo' 
'shui. Lin kwo sliwui. 

Bedabbling, sprinkling (with water), ^ 'shd. Shd, 
P^ jlam. Lin. 

Bedaggle, to soil, ^'/^ 'ching ^u. Ching wii, ^"^ 
'im ^li. Yen wu; to bespatter, ^ tsin^ Tsien, ^ 
^ tsin^ ^u. Tsien wu. 

Bedarkened, obscured, If^ ^ 5m' mui^ Ngdn mei, 
^ ^mung. Mung, ^ §| ^mung Jung. Mung 
lung. 

Bedash, to wet, by throwing water upon, ^ ^ p'ut^ 
'shui. P'oh shwui. 

Bedashed, bespattered with water, ^ >i|i ^fC p'tit^ 
kwo' 'shui. P'oh kwo shwui. 

Bedaub, to daub over, y^ 'p'5. P'li, v^ f^ ,chlm ^d. 
Chen wu, ^ '/^ *im .li. Yen wii, -^ »/3^ jt'6 ,u. 
T'li wu, ^ fff jch'd ,u. Ch'd wii. 

Bedaubed, besmeared, '^'j(^}^ ^'6 ^li kwo'. T'u wii 
kwo. 

Bedazzle, to confound the sight by too strong a 
light, ^ B^ ch'^uk, ^ngan. Ch'oli yen, fljlt B^ 
'y^ung -ngdn. Ydng yen, ^ g wan^ muk^. Yun 
muh, ^ Bf^ 'shim 'ngdn. Shen yen. 

Bedazzling, confounding by a too brilliant luster, 
Pga^ 'shim 'ngdn. Shen yen, ^|^ yeung'ngdn. 
Ydng yen. 

Bedazzlingly ^ ^fj 'shim Jn. Shen jen. 

Bedbug tK H muk^ shat,. Muh sih. 

Bedchamber ^ ^ 'ts'am shat,. Ts'in shih, ^Dfl ^ 
fen' jfong, I^H ngo' /ong. Ngo fdng, fli^ shui' 



jfong. Shwui fdng; the empress' bedchamber, ^ 

■^ /siii jfong. Tsiau fang. 
Bedclothes, coverlets, ^^ ,p'6 k'oi'. P'li k'ai; 

sleeping clothes, BH z^ shui' J. Shwui i. 
Bedded, laid in a bed, fg. ')^ jj^f; 'p'6 lok, ,ch'ong. 

P'au loh ch'wdng ; stmtified, ^P^^ 'lui ke"', |||^ 

'lui tik,. Lui tih. 
Bedding, a bed and its furniture, ^^ jCh'ong p'5. 

Ch'wdng p'li, ^ ^ 'p'i y5. P'i p'u, ^ ^'^p'i 

^wo. P'i wo; tie up the bedding, ^J^^ 'ta, j'5 

k'oi'. Ta p'u k'ai; bedding taken in ti-aveling, g^ 

^ shui' ,p'5. Shwui p'li. 
Bedeck, to deck or adorn, ^^fj^' ,chong shik,. Chwang 

shih, -^ ffli (Sai-i shik,. Siu shih. 
Bedel, a messenger or crier in a court, ^ ^ tso* 

^pan. Tsdu pdn. 
Bedevil, to thi'ow into utter disorder or confusion, 

it iL I^Pj 1"^"^- Lih Iwan, g|^ ^md liin'. Ma 

Iwdn. 
Bedew, to moisten as with dew, ^ yun'. Jun, ^ 

}Pi ,t8Z yun'. Tsz jun, J^ J^ yun' chdk,. Jun 

tseh, yPI ^ yun- yuk^. Jun yuh, -]^ f^ ^chim 

yun^ Chen jun, ^^ kiin' yuk^. Kwan yuh, ^ 

JPI jSii yun'. Jii jun, )^^^ tsam' yun'. Tsin jun. 
Bedewed ^/g J[^ ^^ Jsz yun' kwo'. Tsz jun kwo, ^ 

'/p 3^ y^^ chak^ kwo'. Jun tseh kwo. 
Bedfellow ^^'^^ ,md ,p'o ke', ^M^ J'ung fan' 

'che, 1^ )j^ ;^ J'ung 'ts'am 'che. T'ung ts'in che, 

U%^ jt'ung t'dp^ 'che. T'ung t'dh ch^, |^ ^ 

^ ,t'ung ,p'6 'che. T'ung p'u cM, ^^^^ tdp, 

,p'o 'che. Tall p'li che. 
Bedhangings, cui-tains, ^ ijjg ^ch'ong chdimg'. 

Ch'wdng clidng. 
Bedight, to adorn, ^ |fjg ^chong shik,. Chwdng 

shih. 
Bedim, to obscm-e, ^ ^ jiiaung chii'. Mung chii, 

'f^ ^ 'pi jmung. Pi mung. 
Bedizen, to deck, ^^ ^ ^choug shik,. Chwdng shih. 
Bedlam, a madman, U ^ ^^ fdt, /In tik,. Pdh 

tien tih, ^ f^ /in '15. Tien lau. 
Bedlamite, ^% /in '15. Tien Idu. 
Bedmate, see Bedfelhw. 
Bedouin, wandering Ai-abs, ^ ^ ll^ij '(j^ ^ ^yau A- 

Idpdk jyan. Yu Aldpeh jin. 
Bedpost 7^ j^ jch'ong 'ch'ii. Ch'wdng ch'd. 
Bedpresser, a lazy fellow, ^ \, 'Idn ^yan. Ldn jin, 

Hf $i "iJt lio' fan' k6\ p^ 4- '^ a' 'tau ,kun. 
Bedquilt jj^ ^ ^min 'p'i. Mien p'i 
Bedraggle, to soil, ^^ "f^ /'o. ,u. T'o wd. 
Bedraggled % f^ ^^ /'o'^d kwo'. T'o wd kwo. 
Bedrench, to drench, or soak, |^y^. Jam shap,. Lin 

shih, ^ '^^ 'u shapj. Yd shih. 
Bedrendhed, drenched, |^ 3|^ '^^ Jam kwo' shap,. 

Lin kwo shih, ^ '/j^ jjS 'u sliap, kwo'. Yd sMli 

kwo. 
Bed-ridden, confinened to the bed by infirmity, ^ 

g\ ^ ^ peng' ngo' tsoi' jCh'ong. Ping ngo tsdi 

ch'wdn-, ^gA.^Hl J:S peng' ngo* pat, ^nang 'hi. 

Ping ngo puh nang k'i. 



BED 



(158) 



BEf 



Bedroom 9|i|) ^ fan' ^fong, g§ ^ shui' jfong. Shwxii 

fdng, 0^ 'ts'am shat,. Ts'in shih. 
Bedrop, to sprinkle, as with drops, ^ll^fc 'shd 'shui. 

Shd shwui ; to sprinkle e