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''."■ > V 












JOSEPH WRIGHT, Ph.D., D.C.L., LL D., Litt.D. 


Volume VI. T— Z 
Also Supplement, Bibliography and Grammar 








The English Dialkct Dictionary is pyinled at the ex/'eiise of Joseph Wright, M.A. 
til) Banbury Road, Oxfoid. 



ir.I.l = Antrim and Down. — A Glossary of Words in use 

in the Counties of Antrim and Down. By W. 

Hugh Patterson. E. D. S., 1880. 
Bnff.i = Banffshire.— The Dialect of Banffshire. By Rev. 

W. Gregor, i856. 
Brks.l = Berkshire. — A Glossary of Berkshire Words and 

Phrases. By Major B. Lowsley. E. D. S , 1888. 
Cai.' = Caithness.— MS. Collection of Caithness Words. 

By D. NicoLSON. 
Cmb.' = Cambridgeshire. — MS. Collection of Cambridge- 
shire Words. By J. W. Darwood. 
Chs.' = Cheshire. — Glossary of Words used in the County 

of Chester. By R. Holland. E. D. S., 1884-6. 
Chs.' = Cheshire. — An Attempt at a Glossary of some Words 

used in Cheshire. By Roger Wilbraham, 1826. 
Chs.^ = Cheshire. — A Glossary of Words used in the Dialect 

of Cheshire By E. Leigh, 1877. 
s.Chs.' = Cheshire. — The Folk-Speech of South Cheshire. 

By Th. Darlington. E. D. S., 1887. 
Cor.' = Cornwall. — Glossary of Words in use in Cornwall. 

By Miss M. A. Courtney and T. Q. Couch. 

E. D. S., 1880. 
Cor.2 = Cornwall. — The Ancient Language and the Dialect 

of Cornwall. By F. W. P. Jago, 1882. 
Cor.* = Cornwall —MS. Collection of Cornish Words. By 

T. C. Peter. 
Com.l ■= Cumberland. — A Glossary of Words and Phrases 

pertaining to the Dialect of Cumberland. By 

W.Dickinson. E. D. S., 1878-81. 
Cum.^ = Cumberland. — The Dialect of Cumberland. By 

R. Ferguson, 1873. 
Cum. 3 = Cumberland. — The Folk-Speech of Cumberland 

and some Districts adjacent. By A. C.Gibson, 1869. 
Cum.* = Cumberland. — A Glossary of the Words and 

Phrases pertaining to the Dialect of Cumberland. 

By W. Dickinson. Re-arranged, illustrated, and 

augmented by quotations, by E. W. Prevost, 1899. 
Der.' = Derbyshire. — Pegge's Derbicisms, edited by Th. 

Hallam and W. W. Skeat. " E. D. S., 1894. 
Der.* = Derbyshire — An Attempt at a Derbyshire Glossary. 

By John Sleigh, 1865. 
nw.Der.l = Derbyshire. — MS. Collection of North-West Derby- 
shire Words. By T. Hallam. 
Dev.' — Devonshire. — Glossary to 'A Dialogue in the 

Devonshire Dialect,' by a Lady. By J. F. 

Palmer, 1837. 
Dev.2 = Devonshire. — MS. Collection of North Devonshire 

Words. By W. H. Daniels. 
Dev.* = Devonshire. — MS.Collcctionof Devonshire Words. 

By Mrs. Sarah Hewett. 
Dev.* = Devonshire. — A Glossary of Devonshire Plant 

Names. By Rev. Hilderic Friend. E.D.S. ,188a. 
nw.Dov.' ■= Devonshire. — The Dialect of Hartland, Devon- 
shire. By R. Pearse Chope. E. D. S., 1891. 


= Dur.» 
= e.Dnr.' 

= w.Dur.i 


Dorsetshire. — Poems of Rural Life, in the Dorset 

Dialect ; with a Dissertation and Glossary, 1848. 

By W. Barnes. 
Durham.— A Glossary of Provincial Words used 

in Teesdale in the County of Durham. 1849. 
Durham.— A List of Words and Phrases in every- 
day use by the natives of Hetton-lc-Hole. By 

Rev. F. M. T. Palgrave. E. D. S., 1896. 
Durham. — Walks in Weardale. By W. H. Smith 

(ed. 1885). 
East Anglia. — The Vocabulary of East Anglia. 

By R. Forby, 1830. Second Edition, consider- 
ably enlarged, by W. Rye. E. D. S., 1895. 
East Anglia. — The Vocabulary of East Anglia. By = 

Rev. W. T. Spurdens. E. D. S., 1879. 
Essex. — A Glossary of the Essex Dialect. By = 

R. S. Charnock, i88o. 
Gloucestershire. — A Glossary of Dialect and = 

Archaic Words used in the County of Gloucester. 

By J. Drummond Robertson. E. D. S., 1890. 
Gloucestershire. — A Glossary of the Cotswold = Olo.' 

(Gloucestershire) Dialect. By Rev. R. W. Hunt- 
ley, 1868. 
Hampshire. — A Glossary of Hampshire Words = Hmp.' 

and Phrases. By Rev. Sir W. H. Cope, Bart. 

E. D. S., 1883. 
Hampshire. — Isle of Wight Words. By Major = I.W.' 

H. Smith and C. Roach Smith. E. D. S., 1881. 
Hampshire. — A Dictionary of the Isle of Wight = I.W.* 

Dialect, and of Provincialisms used in the Island. 

By W. H. Long, 1886. 
Herefordshire. — A Glossary of Provincial Words =■ Hrf.' 

used in Herefordshire and some of the adjoining 

Counties. [By Sir G. C. Lewis], 1839. 
Herefordshire. — Herefordshire Glossary. By = Hrf.' 

Francis T. Havergal, 1887. 
Kent.— A Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect and = Ken.' 

Provincialisms in use in the County of Kent. 

By W.D. PARisnandW. F.Shaw. E.D.S, 1887. 
Kent. — An Alphabet of Kenticisms. By Samuel = Ken.* 

Pegge. E. D. S., 1876. 
Lakeland. — Lakeland and Iceland. ByT. Ellwood. = lakel.' 

E.D.S,, 1895. 
Lakeland.— Lakeland Words. By B. Kirkby, 1898. = Lakel.'' 
Lancashire. — A Glossary of the Lancashire Dialect. = ian.' 

By J. H. Nodal and G. Milner. E.D. S. 1875-82. 
Lancashire. — A Glossary of the Words and Phrases = n.Lan.' 

of Furness (North Lancashire). By J. P. Morris, 

Lancashire. — A Glossary of the Dialect of the = ne.lan.' 

Hundred of Lonsdale. By R. B. Peacock. London 

Phil. Soc. Trans., 1869. 
Lancashire. — A Glossaryof Rochdalewith-Rossen- = e.JLan.' 

dale Words and Phrases. By H. Cunliffe, i886. 












Lancashire. — A Blegburn Dickshonarj-. By J. 
Baro.n, 1891. 

Lancashire. — The Folk-Speech of South Lan- 
cashire. By F. E. Taylor, 1901. 

Leicestershire. — Leicestershire Words, Phrases, 
and Proverbs. By A. Benoni Evans. E.D. S., 

Lincolnshire. — Provincial Words and E.xpressions 
current in Lincolnshire. By J. E. Brogden. 1866. 

Lincolnshire.— A Glossary of Words used in the 
Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, Lincoln- 
shire. By Edward Peacock. E. D. S., First 
Edition, 1877; Second Edition, i88g. 

Lincolnshire. — Glossary of the Words in use in 
South-West Lincolnshire. By Rev. R. E. G. Cole. 
E.D.S., 1886. 

Norfolk. — Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft. By 
J. G. Nall, 1866. 

Northamptonshire. — Glossary of Northamptonshire 
Words and Phrases. By A. E. Baker, 1854. 

Northamptonshire. — The Dialect and Folk-Lore of 
Northamptonshire. By Thomas Sternberg, 1851. 

North Country. — A Glossary of North Country 
Words. By J. T. Brockett, 1846. 

North Country. — A Collection of English Words, 
1691. By JoH.N Ray. E. D. S., 1874. 

Northumberland. — Northumberland Words. A 
Glossary of Words used in the County of North- 
umberland. By R. O. Heslop. E. D. S., 1892-4. 

Nottinghamshire. — MS. Collection of Nottingham- 
shire Words. By Thomas A. Hill. 

Nottinghamshire. — MS. Collection of Nottingham- 
shire Words. By Horace Walker. 

Nottinghamshire. — MS. Collection of Nottingham- 
shire Words. Bj' R. L. Abbott. 

Oxfordshire. — O.xfordshireWords. ByMrs. Parker. 
E. D. S., 1876, 1881. 

Rutlandshire. — Rutland Words. By Rev. Christo- 
pher Wordsworth. E. D. S., 1891. 

Shetland and Orkneys. — An Etymological Glos- 
sary of the Shetland and Orkney Dialect. By 
T. Edmondston, 1866. 

Shropshire. — Shropshire Word-Book, a Glossary 
of Archaic and Provincial Words, &c., used in the 
County. By G. F. Jackson, 1879. 

Shropshire.— Salopia Antiqua. By C. H. Harts- 
HORNE. London, 1841. 

Somersetshire. — The West Somerset Word-Book. 
A Glossary of Dialectal and Archaic Words and 
Phrases used in the West of Somerset and East 
of Devon. By F. T. Elworthy. E. D. S., 1888. 

Staflfordshire. — An Attempt towards a Glossary of 
the Archaic and Provincial Words of the County 
of Stafford. By Charles H. Poole, 1880. 

Staffordshire. — MS. Collection of Staffordshire 
Words. By T. C. Warrington and A. Pope. 

Suffolk.— Suffolk Words and Phrases. ByK. Moor, 

Surrey.— Surrey Provincialisms. By Granville 
LevesonGower. E. D. S., 1876, 1893. 

Sussex. — A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect. By 
W. D. Parish, 1875. 

Sussex. — AGlossary of the Provincialisms in use in 
the County of Sussex. By W. D. Cooper, 

Warwickshire. — Warwickshire Glossary. By T. — War.' 

Sharp. Ed. by J. O. Halliwell, 1865. 
Warwickshire. ^A Warwickshire Word-Book. By = War.* 

G. F. NoRTHALL. E. D.S., 1896. 
W^arwiokshire. — MS. Collection of Warwickshire = War.' 

Words. By E. Smith. 
Warwickshire. — Glossary of Warwickshire Dialect. = War.* 

By G. Miller, 1898. 
Warwickshire. — South Warwickshire Words. By = s.War.' 

Mrs. Francis. E. D. S., 1876. 
Westmoreland. — MS. Collection of Westmoreland =■ Wm.' 

Words. By W. H. Hills and Dr. Just. 
Westmoreland and Cumberland. — Dialogues, = Wm. & 

Poems, Songs, and Ballads, by various writers, Cum.' 

in the Westmoreland and Cumberland Dialects. 

Published by J. R. Smith, 1839. 
Wexford. — A Glossary, with some Pieces of Verse, = Wxf.' 

&c. By Jacob Poole, 1867. 
W^iltshire. — A Glossary of Words used in the = Wil.' 

County of Wiltshire. By G. E. Dartnell and 

E. H. Goddard. E. D. S., 1893. 
Wiltshire. — A Glossary of Provincial Words and = Wll.* 

Phrases in use in Wiltshire. By J. Y. Akerman, 

Worcestershire. — A Glossary of West Worcester- = w.Wor.' 

shire Words. By Mrs. Chamberlain. E.D. S., 1882. 
Worcestershire. — South - East Worcestershire = se.Wor^' 

Words. A Glossary of Words and Phrases used 

in South-East Worcestershire. By Jesse Salis- 
bury. E. D. S., 1894. 
Worcestershire. — Upton-on-Severn Words and = s.Wor.' 

Plirases. By Robert Lawson. E. D. S., 1884. 
Yorkshire. — A Glossary of the Cleveland Dialect. = n.Yks.' 

By Rev. J. C. Atkinson, 1868. Additions to the 

above, E. D. S., 1876. 
Yorkshire. — A Glossary of Words used in the = n.Yks.^ 

neighbourhood of Whitby. By F. K. Robinson. 

ED. S., 1876. 
Yorkshire. — A Glossary of Words used in Swale- = n.Yks.^ 

dale, Yorkshire. By Captain John Harland. 

E. D. S., 1873. 
Yorkshire. — Wit, Character, Folklore, and Customs = n.Yks.* 

of the North Riding of Yorkshire. By R. Blake- 

BOROUGH, 1898. 
Yorkshire.— Yorkshire Folk-Talk. By M. C. F. = ne.Yks.' 

Morris, 1892. 
Yorkshire. — A Glossary of Words used in Holder- = e.Yks.' 

ness in the East Riding of Yorkshire. By P". Ross, 

R. Stead, and Th. Holderness. E. D. S., 1877. 
Yorkshire. — A Glossary of Words pertaining to = m.Tks.' 

the Dialect of Mid- Yorkshire. By C. Clough 

Robinson. E. D. S., 1876. 
Yorkshire. — The Dialect of Craven, in the West = w.Yks.' 

Ridingof the County of York. By W. Carr, 1828. 
Yorkshire. — A Glossary of Words used in the = w.Yks. '^ 

neighbourhood of Sheffield. By S. O. Addy. 

E. D.S., 1888-90. 
Yorkshire. — A Glossary of the Dialect of Almond- = w.Yks.* 

bury and Huddersfield. By Alfred Easther. 

E.D. S., 1883. 
Yorkshire. — The Hallamshire Glossary. By J. = w.Yks.* 

Hunter, 1829. 
Yorkshire. — The Dialect of Leeds, and its Neigh- = w.Yks.' 

bourhood to which is added a copious 

Glossary. By C. C. Robinson, i86i. 

IVhtn HO authority is given for plant-namts, the infotiuatioit has been obtained from A Dictionary of English 
Plant Names, by J. Britten and R. Holland. E. D. S., 1878-86. 

T, sb. I.Ma. Stf. Der. Shr. Bdf. Nrf. Suf. Ken. Som. 
Also written tee I.Ma. Stf. Der. Bdf. Nrf Suf Ken.' 
w.Soni.' ; and in form tye Der. 1. In fo;/;/>. (i) Tbob, 
a T-shaped frame used in pumping mines; (2) -handle, 
a handle of a spade, &c. having a short cross-bar at the top ; 
(3) headed, of a plough : having a T-shaped head. 

(i) Stf. Tlie Chionicle (Oct. 25, 1901). (2) Shr.' (3) s.Bdf. 
These are called tee-headed ploughs in the south of the county, 
Batchelor Agric. (1813") 162. 

2. An iron, shaped like the top of the letter T, with a 
chain attached to the centre. 

Nrf.' Suf.' Iron holdfasts in the shape of the top of the letter 
T, pendant on short chains from the seels of a hoi.^e's collar, or 
from the thillbells. They are thrust, one end first, through 
staples on the shafts. Ken' w.Soni.' Tees are at the ends of the 
chain to a horse's headstall or night-halter. 

3. The point where a cross vein intersects another at 
right angles. 

Der. Tee or Tye is where a cross vein approaches another vein 
at nearly right angles, whose side it joins without intersecting or 
breaking through it, Tapping CI. to Manlovt (1837) ; New Thing, 
Old Thing, . . Tee or Pee, Manlove Lead Mines (1653) 1. 44. 

4. Phr. that's the tee, that is the right thing, ' that's the 

I Ma. A understandin — that's the tee. Brown Witcli (1889) 93. 
TA, pron. e.An. Also in forms te e.An.'; ter Nrf.; 
to e.An.' Suf It, that. 

e.An.' Nrf. Ta be the wice o'iny sweetlieart. Gillett S*ig. Sol. 
(i860) V. 2; What on aarth can ter be about, A.B.K. Wright's 
Fortmte (1885") 6 ; Athout ter be that gude-natured waiter, ib, 45 ; 
Common hereabouts (M.C.H.B."). Suf. I didn't know who to-was 
(S.J.) ; Suf.' ' Dew it rain ? ' ' Is ta dew.' 

TA, see Take, The, dem. adj., Thou. 

TA(A,_s6. Sc. Cum. Wm. Lan. Also in form taw 
Sh.I. [te.] 1. A fibre, filament ; a fibrous root ; a thread. 
Cf taave. 

Sh.I. Doo sees foo he [fish liver] can be peeled, an' da taas taen 
oot afore I pit in da floo'r, Sh. News (June a, 1900) ; The taws 
(taas) o' da liver refers to the fibrous part of the fish-liver, which 
was generally extracted before using the liver as an article of diet 
(J.S.) ; Jakobsen Dial. (1897) 3a ; S. & Ork.', Cat.' 

Hence Taaie, adj. fibrous, full of fibres. S. & Ork.', 
Cai.' 2. A stolon, as of couch-grass, sedge, &c. Cai.' 
3. pi. Wood split thin with which to make baskets. 

Cum.'* Wni. Aur aud fello is soa leam he can dea nowt but 
rive taas for wliiskets an teanales, Wheeler Dial. (1790) 5a. 

[1. Cp. Icel. lirgja, fibre (Vigfusson).] 

TAA, see Taw, sb.^ 

TAAHELLYIK, s6. Sh.I. One of the flat stones laid 
along the lower edge of the roof under the straw for 
running off the water. Jakobsen Dial. (1897) 88. 

[Cp.ON./rt^, thatch, and hella, a fiat stone (Vigfusson).] 

TAAL, I'. Obs.o'c obsol. n.Cy. Yks. Also written tale 
n.Cy. ni.Yks.' 1. To settle; to accommodate oneself to 
new circumstances, habits, &.c. Cf. thole, v. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790^ ; (Hall.) n.Yks.' ; n.Vks.' 'Tlior sheep 
deeant taal weel to their new haaf,' do not get reconciled to their 
new quarters ; n-Yks."* e.Yks. As a servant in a place, sheep in 
a pasture, Marshall liiir. Ecoii. (1788). ni.lks.' 
2. To make agree; to reconcile. ni.Yks.' 

[Cp. Dan. taale, to bear, stand, support ; to suffer, endure 


TAAMjt'. Nhb.Cum.Wm. To doze, go to sleep; to faint. 

Nhb.' He'll syun taain ower. Cum., Wm. Nicolson (,1677) 
Tmns. R. Soc. Lit. (1868) IX. 

TAAN, see Take, Tone, mini. adj. 

TAAND, sb. Sh.I. [tend.] A firebrand ; a burning 
peat ; a live coal. Cf. tend, f .^ 

He lit the remnant of a ' fill ' of Greenland plug with a ' taand,' 
Burgess Louiia Biglaii (1896) 21 ; The guidwife would seize a 
lowin taand [live coal] and chase the uncanny visitor out the door, 
throwing the fire after her, Spence/7^- Z.o«( 1899) 140; S.&Ork.' 

[Cp. ON. /audit, fire (Vigfusson).] 

TAANLE, TAAPIE, see Tawnle, Tawpie. 

Tear, v.\ Tawsle, Taistrel, Taut, v.'^, Tatie. 

TAAVE,!'. Sc. Also in forms tyaave( Jam.); tyauve 
Bnff.' [tev.] 1. To tease out, as oakum ; to ravel. Sh.I., 
Mry. (Jam.) Cf. ta(a. Hence (i) Taave-taes, i'A. //. pit- 
fir, used for making ropes, being split into fibres and 
twisted ; (2) Tyaavin-skate, sb. a dish composed of skate 
reduced to filaments. 

Ul Crm., Iiiv., Mry., Nai. (Jam.) (2) Bnff.', Rnt. (Jam.) 

2. To caulk ; to close up a rent with stuffing. 

Sh.I. Yon bit o' rent could a been taav'd up for a while, onywye 
fil da drought cam', S/i. Aews (Dec. 24, 1898) ; S. & Ork.' 

TAB, s6.' Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. Lin. 
Lei. Nhp. War. Oxf e.An. Hmp. Also in form twab 
Lan. [tab, taeb.] 1. The narrow or pointed end of 
anything ; the end of an object intended for insertion in a 
hole cut for its reception. Also in coiiip. Tab-end. 

Cum.' The narrow end of a field, &c. ; Cum.^" n.Yks.' The 
lower portion of an iron scraper with one leg, which is to be let 
into and fixed by aid of lead or cement in a stone. w.Yks. (J. W.), 

2. The end of a strap outside the buckle. N.Cy.', Nhb.' 

3. A label affixed to goods for sale ; a luggage label. 
War.^ 4. A tatter ; a torn piece of a garment ; the 
waste end cut off a piece of cloth. 

Nhb.' w.Yks. A hearth-rug made o' worsed tabs Afore the fire 
wor spread, Cudworth Dial. Sketclies (1884) 106; w.Yks. ^ Lan. 
It [i.e the shirt] dangult, aw bits, o' twabs, cleeur rewnd obewt 
him, Paul Bobbin Sequel (1819) 8. 

Hence (i) Tabbing, sb. a stripe woven in a different 
colour of weft at the end of a piece of calico, &c. ; (2) Tab- 
end, sb. the end of a piece of cloth, esp. the first-woven end 
to which the strings of the warp are attached. 

(i) Lan. Nowt like a smeawch for puttin' a finish upo' things. 
It's like a tabbin'at th' eend of a cut, Brierley Red ]Vi»d. (i868) 
270, ed. 1884. s.Lan.' Colloquially it is used in the sense of 
'finishing' anything. 'Aw'm just puttin' th' tabbin' on.' a) 
w.Yks. Tom Treddlehoyle Bainisla Ann. (i866) 56. e.Lan.', 

5. The loop by which a garment is hung up. Sc. (G.W.) 
Hence Tabbed, ppl. adj. of a cap, &c. : having the 

corners folded up. 

Abd. Her mither ware a tabbit mutch. Skinner Poems (1809) 79, 
ed. 1859. 

6. The latchet of a shoe ; the pieceof ashoe to which the 
buckle is fastened. 

N.Cy. 2, ne.Lan,', Der.', nw.Der.', Lin.', n.Lin.', Nhp.', e.An.' 

7. The tongue closing up the front of a boot or shoe. 
w.Yks.^ Not.', Lin.', Lei.' 8. The metallic tag at the 
end of a boot-lace, &c. 

Cam.2, ne.Lan,', Der.', n.Lin.', Oxf. ,G.O.\ e An.' 





9. A shoe-string. Hmp.' 10. pi. Obs. Children's 
hanging sleeves. n.Cy. (K.), N.Cy.= 11. The ear. Also 
in coiiip. Tab-hole. Cf. tib, sb} 

Not. • I'll pat your tab,' I'll bo.\ your ears (H.E.B.) ; Not.' s.Not. 
Ooh! my tabs is co'd (J.P.K.). Lin.' 

TAB, sb? Dev. Cor. [tab.] A turf; dried roots and 
g^rass raked up and burnt ; cow-dung dried for burning. 
Cf. tabban, 2, tob, sb. 

s.Dev. (Miss D.) Cor. If I'd a tab of turf handy, I'd bring it at 
your mouth, you greasy cavalryman, ' Q.' IFaiideiiiig Htalh (1895) 
21 ; Cor.>2» 

TXR, sb? Nhb.' [tab.] Part of the entrails of a sheep 
or pig. 

TAB, I/.' e.Yks.' [tab.] To catch, seize. 

He was just oft" when maisther tabbed him. 

TAB, si." and f.* Yks. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] 1. sb. Notice to quit. n.Yks. N. fi^ Q. (1883) 
6th S. vii. 245. 2. V. To give notice to quit. 

To tab a tenant, ib. 

TXB,adj.andsb.^ Sc. Not. Lin. [tab.] 1. a^/. Of a cat : 
striped, brindled; a shortened form of 'tabby.' Sc. 
(iAn.Suppl.) 2. Co;«/>. Tab-cat, (i) a striped or brindled 
cat, a tabby cat ; (2) a pet cat. 

(i) Not.' Lin.' Do yah see that there big tab-cat? (2) Lnk. 
My first new hat . . . Sleek and black As ony young tab cat, 
Murdoch Lyie (1873) 60. 

3. sb. A male cat ; a pet name for a cat. Sc. (Jam. 

TABBAN, sb. Cor. Also in forms tabbun, tabm 
Cor.= ; tabn Cor.'; tubban Cor." [tasban.] I. A 
morsel, esp. of food ; a slice of bread and butter. 

Hen-cock, han cock, give me a 'tabban,' or else ' Col-perra ' 
shall come to your door, Flk-Lore Jrn. (1886) IV. 131 ; A tabban 
they called a piece, Tregellas Characler (1868) 54 ; Cor.'^ 
2. A piece of tiirf Cor.=« Cf tab, sA.^ 

fOCor. tabiii, a piece ; a morsel (Williams).] 

TABBER, see Tabor. 

TABBET, sb. Obs. Sc. Also in form tabbit. In 
phr. lo take tabbet, to take an opportunity of having any 
advantage that may come in one's way. 

Ayr. I'll tak tabbit wi' you anither time, Edb. Mag. (Apr. 
i8ai) 35a (Jam.). 

TABERING, see Tavering. 

TABERN,si!>. Obs. n.Cy. Acellar. (K.); Grose (1790); 
N.Cy.^ [Lat. labenia, a booth, stall.] 

TABERNACLE, sb. and v. Sc. Yks. 1. sb. A wood- 
man's hut ; a gipsy-tent, or other similar portable structure. 

w.Yks. It was a tabernacle sort o' thing ; you might have goUen 
a stack of hay under it, thack and all (C.C.R.). 

2. Phr. to keep up the tabernacle, to continue in a full habit 
of body, not to lose flesh ; to use means for keeping thus. 

Sc. For a' the sair wark he speaks about, he ay keeps up the 
tabernacle (Jam.'i. 

3. V. To camp out. 

w.Yks, Thou looks as if thou had been tabernacling out a month 

TABET, sb. Sc. Also in forms taebet Fif ; taipit Fif 
Lth. (Jam.); tapet Sc. n.Sc. (Jam.); tebbit n.Sc. (Jam.) 
Fif ; teppit Fif Lth. (Jam.) ; tibbit Frf. ; tibet w.Sc. 
iJam.S"/!//.) [tebst; te'bit.] Bodily sensation, feeling; 
strength ; also iji pi. 

Sc.The man . . . lost liis tebbit, Drummond il/i(fte)>mf/i> (1846) 
18. n.Sc. My fingers lost the tebbits (Jam.). Frf. Lurking in the 
burn till there were no tibbits in his toes, Barrie Tommy (1896) 
251. Fif. Tennant Pii/r/s/ri' (1827) 164. Lth (Jam.) 

Hence Tabetless, adj. (i) destitute of sensation, numb ; 
(2) heedless, foolish. 

(I) n.Sc. (Jam.) Abd. But toil and heat so overpower'd her 
pith, That she grew tabletless, and swarft therewith, Ross Helenore 
'■■(68) 25, cd. 1813. Frf., e.Per. My fingers are juist tabetless 
wi" washin' in that cauld watter (W.A.C). w.Sc. (Jam. Siippl.) 
Fif. Taebetless fingers had to be thawed in loo water, Colville 
I'nwicular (1899) 18. Lth. (Jam.) (a) Sc. The coof wlia believes 
angels visits aie few Is nocht but a tapetless loon— I'd droon, 
Allan Litis (1874- 279. w.Sc. (Jam); Slill used {ih. Suppi). 
Ayr. nie tapetless, ramfcezl'd hizzie. She's salt at best, and some- 
thing lazy, BuR.NS 3itd Ep. lu J. Lapraik (Apr. 21, 1785) St. 3. 
Lth. The laddie's gane teppitless (Jam.). 

TABLE, sb. and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and Eng. 
[tebl, teabl, tiabl.] 1. sb. In conip. (i) Table-board, a 
table, esp. the top; (2) -cloot, a table-cloth ; (3) -grave- 
stone, a flat gravestone'; (4) seat, a square pew in church 
with a table in the middle ; (5) -tombstone, see (3). 

(i) Dor. (W.C. c. 1750). Som. Free quarters for ho'se an' man, 
let alone victuals an' drink, but a day's pay on the table-board to 
boot, Raymond Smoke, 10. w.Som.' Ue'-v u-kaard uwai' dhu kai- 
udhudoo'ur? Aaylaef--m uun ee binaewtaap-dhu tae'ubl-boo-urd. 
Dev. Whom he valued so much for their companionable qualities, 
not only with hounds, but at ' table-board,' Mem. Rev. J. Russell 
(1883) xiv. Cor.' (2) Ayr. I had clean forgotten the table-cloot, 
that by way of a daidly was preened wi' a wee siller saumon to 
my lapelle. Service Notaiicliims (1890) 28. (3) w.Yks. Grace sat 
her dahn on a table gravestun, Yks. IVkly. Post (Oct. 24, 1896). 
(4) Sc. (Jam.) (5) e.Sc, It's a wee like a table-tombstane. Strain 
Eliiishe's Drag-net (1900) 165. Lnk. We had jumped the dyke, 
and were seated on atable tombstone, Roy GsH«n/s/»^(ed. 1895)92. 

2. "Phr. {1) tocotip thetables, ioreiort; to 'turn the tables ' ; 
(2) to have one's legs under a very good table, to be very well 
oft"; to have no cause of complaint. 

( i) Ayr. I coupit the tables by saying it wud be wicer like if she 
got her ain guid-brither to pit a halter on sic vicious bruits, 
Johnston Coiigal/oii (1896) 75. ,2) n.Lin.' 

3. The table spread for the Sacrament of the Holy Com- 
munion ; the Communion table ; gen. in pi. 

Sc. (Jam.) Bnff.' 'To gang to the tables,' to partake of the 
Communion. Per. She goes forward to the Tables, and the whole 
lot of ministers and elders cannot hinder her, Sarah Tytler 
IVikh-wife {iQgi) 17. Suf. On the first Sunday of the month the 
women-folk remained behind, ' for the Table,' Betham-Edwards 
Mock Beggars' Hall (1902) 29. 

4. Obs. A woollen-trade term : an arrangement for 
stretching cloth during the process of ' raising.' 

w.Yks. Nearly automatic gigs in place of hand-raising tables, 
BiNNS Front Vill. to Town (1882) 17. 

5. A platform. 

Con. Divil another thing he done from the first minute he put 
his feet on the table, Bodkin Sliillelagh (1902) 78; I walked upon 
the table niesel', as stiff as the best, ib. 79. 

6. A hedging term : see below. 

Nhp.' War.^ The two rows of quick in a double hedge are 
called the top and the bottom table, the latter being nearest the 
ditch. Hnt. (T.P.F.) 

Hence Table-hedge, sb. the prepared ground for 
planting the quick. Nhp.', War.^ 7. The side of a 
road or path, liaving an entablature of soil, along which 
the water runs; a kind of gutter. s.Wor. (H.K.) Cf. 
tabling:, 3. 8. v. Obs. To board. 

Fif. He was tabled in the house of ane advocate called Mr. , 

whose wife wes his aunt. Row Ch. Hist. (1650) 468, ed. 1842. 
N.Cy.', w.Yks.' Lan. His wife came to us about Jany. 7th, and she 
had tabled with us till his return out of Ireland with her son and 
servant, Newcome Atitob. (1661) in Clietli. Soc. Publ. (1852) 
XXVI. 138. 

Hence Tabler, sb., obs., a boarder. 

w.Yks.i Lan. Mr. Bath was w"' mee y' day. I begin to fear 
least y' busynes pruve inconvenient about tablers, Newcome 
Diary (1663) in Clietli. Soc. Publ. (1849) XVIII. 152. 
9. To make a watercourse by the side of a road ; to 
clear out a watercourse ; gen. in phr. to table the road. 
Won (H.K.) 

TABLING, sb. Sc. Yks. Wor. Glo. Bdf [te'blin.] 

1. The stone coping of a wall or gable. 

Abd. Up on the watch-tower riggin' there's a draggled hoodie 
craw. . . Up an' doon the tablin' wi' a gloatin' roupy boast. He 
haps, Murray Hamewith (1900) 25. w.Yks. (J J.B.\ Glo.'^ 

2. Obs. A ledge on a bank in which quicks are planted. 
Bdf. The plants [quicks] being set on a ledge or tabling on the 

declivity, Batchelor Agric. (1813) 271. 

3. The side of a road or path, having an entablature of 
soil, along which the water runs ; a kind of gutter. s.Wor. 
(H.K.) Cf table, 7. 

TABM, TABN, see Tabban. 

TABOR, sb. and v. Sc. Chs. Stf. Lei. Nhp. War. Wor. 
Shr. Glo. Also written labour Sc. (Jam.) ; and in forms 
tabber Stf Lei.' Nhp.''' War." w.Wor.' s.Wor.' se.Wor.i 
Glo.'; taber Chs.' [teb3(r; ta'b3(r).] 1. sb. In comb. 




Tabor-and-pipe, 065., a musical instrument consisting of a 
tabor, or tambourine, and a small pipe. 

se.Wor.' The tabor was suspended from the left arm and beaten 
with a small stick held in the right hand ; the pipe held to the 
mouth and fingered with the left hand. 
2. Phr. (75 hard as a lahbcr, very hard. Glo. Northall 
Flk. Phr. (1894). 3. A knock, rap, tap. 

w.Wor. Thur corned a tabber at the doore, ^S. Beauchamp 
Grantley Grange (18741 I. 29. 

4. pi. A beating, drubbing. Cld. (Jam.) 5. v. To rap, 
tap lightly ; to drum ; to patter. 

Chs ' Stf. You can tabber on a drum, The Chronicle (Oct. 25, 
1901). Lei." Thecr"s rabbits i'this "ool : doon't ye'ear'cma-tabberin ? 
Nhp.' How that hoy is tabbcring the tabic ; Nhp.^, War.'^ 
w.Wor.' Go you up ta the top earner of the coppy. Bill, an' labber 
a the big oak till I cahls to 'ec. s.Wor.' se.Wor.' Ef thee 
shuds't want me, come un tabber my winder, look thu. Shr.' 
I'heer's some one taborin' at the brcw-'us window ; yo'd'n better 
see who it is — be'appen it's one o' the cliaps after Sally. Glo. 
Thaay tabbers wi thairvit on the groun, Chelleiiliam Exam. (Feb. 
12, 1896) 8; Glo.i 

Hence Tabberer, sb. (i) one who taps or knocks lightly. 
Lei.' ; (2) the lesser spotted woodpecker, Dendrocopus 
minor. Lei. Swainson fi/'rrfi (1885) 99. 6. To beat time, 
esp. with fingers and feet in dancing. 

Chs.' Shr.' ' Did'n'ee 'ave a daince at theClub, Sally?' 'No, 
nod o' the Green, the fine folks wun saunterin' alung, clippin' one 
another like a bar 'upgin' a dog, — I dunna call it daincin', — so two 
or three on our chaps tooken the room at Clar's, an' then we 
coulden tabor away theer.' 

Hence Taborer, sb. a country dancer. 

Shr.' A certain man, who had obtained local celebrity as a 
dancer in a ' country-footing,' was known as 'Jack the Taborer.' 
7. To beat, drub, thrash. Cf. toober. 

Sc. (Jam.), e.Sc, Lth. < lA. s.v. Toober). Shr.' 'Ell tabor 'is 
jacket fur'im right well, if 'e ketches 'im. Glo.' 

TABRAGH, sb. Obs. Fif. (Jam.) Animal food that is 
nearly in a state of carrion. 

TABRIG, see Tobrig. 

TABSHAG, sb. Wm. [ta'bjag.] A term of reproach 
for an idle person. 

What's that auld tabshag up lull noo ? ^B.K.) 

TACH, V. and sb. Sc. Lakcl. VVm. Yks. Lan. Chs. Stf. 
Der. Not. Lin. Rut. Lei. Nhp. War. Cor. Also written 
tatch Sc. (Jam.) n.Cy. n.Yks.* w.Yks." Lan.' e.Lan.' 
s.Lan.' Chs.'^ s.Chs.' Lin.' n.Lin.' Rut.' Nhp.' ; and in 
form taich Lakel.^ [tatj, taetj.] 1. v. To drive a nail 
just far enough to give it a slight hold. Abd. (Jam.) 

2. To fasten on in a slight manner; to join together 
loosely or temporarily ; also with in or together. Cf. 
tack, v.'^ 2. 

Abd. (Jam.) Lakel.2 Tach us a button wi' ta? e.Yks.', 
w.Yks.'. ne.Lan.' Der. Addy Gl. , 1888) iS.v. TadgeJ. 

Hence (i) Tached-end, (2) Tacher's-end, (3) Tachet- 
end, sb. a cobbler's end of waxed thread ; often used for 
the whole thread ; (4) Taching, sb. {a) a slight fastening 
or hold [not known to our correspondents] ; (A) the waxed 
thread used for sewing the sole of a shoe to the upper 
leather; (5) Taching-end, sb., see (3); (6) Taching- 
waxer, sb. a shoemaker ; (7) Tachy, adj. stickj', viscous, 

(i) Lin. Streatfeild Lin. and Danes (1884) 370 ; Lin.', n.Lin.' 
(2) Nhp.' (3) se.Lin. (J.T.B.), Ritt.' (4, <i) Cor. Skilful hands jam it 
lan anchor] tightly in the jagged rocks, for a Liching on the 
flukes guarantees dislodgment when we want to quit, Coriih. Mag. 
(Nov. 1900)629. (6) s.Lan.' (5) n.Cy. Grose (1790) MS. add. 
(P.) w.Yks."* Lan. I'll lay thee a grey lapstone, an' a tachin- 
end to boot. Rosy Trad. (1829) II. 207, ed. 1872 ; Lan.', ne.Lan.', 
e.Lan.'. s.Lan.' Chs.' More correctly it means only the ends of 
such threads to which the bristles are attached, after the shoe- 
maker has used them as far as he can, and sometimes the meaning 
is thus restricted. ' Mester Barrow, would yo gie my mother 
tatchineends to sew my buttons on wi'?' Chs.^^, s.Chs.'. Stf.', 
Der.'*, Not.', Lin.' Lei.' Every piece of ' tachinend ' used in 
joining has a hog's bristle fixed at each end so as to act like a kind 
of flexible needle. A series of holes is 'stabbed' with the awl 
through both the leathers to be joined. The workman draws his 
' end ' halfway through the first hole ; he then passes one end of 

it one way through the next hole, and the other end the reverse 
waj' through the same hole, and so on, drawing the work tight at 
each stitcli. Nhp.', War.*^ (6) Lan. You scamp of a t.ichin- 
waxer, Brif.rley il/nWorfa (1867) iii. (7' n.Yks " 

3.56. A fringe ; a shoulder-knot. Twd., Slk. (Jam.) 

[2. Cp. Wyth trycd tassclcj \cx\.o tacchcd in-noghc, 
Gaivayne (c. 1360) 219.] 

TACH, see Tash, v.. Tatch, sb. 

TACHE, sb. Yks. [tetj.] A rest used for drilling 
holes, esp. used by silversmiths. 

w.Yks.2 Fixed in the workbcncli. It sometimes projects from 
the edge of the bench ; w.Yks.* 

TACHE, sec Tash, v.. Teach. 

TACHENER, sb. ? Obs. Sus. A young man em- 
ployed in a fishing-boat. (F.E.S.) ; Brighton Cosliimal 
(1580) in Sus.' 135. See Takener. 

TACHT, adj. Sc. [taxt.] 1. Tight, tense, close. 
n.Sc. ( Iam.), Cai.' 2. Of persons: strict, severe. Cai.' 

TACHY, see Tatchy. 

TACK, sb."- and z;.' Ircl. n.Cy. Chs. Stf. Not. Lin. War. 
Wor. Shr. Hrf. Glo. Oxf Hrf. Wil. Also written tacke 
N.Cy.' [tak, taek.] 1. sb. Obs. Substance, solidity; 
used of the food of animals. Nrf Marshall Rnr. Ecoii. 
(1787); Grose (1790). 2. Fig. Substance, endurance; 

N.Cy.' Chs." ; Chs.^ There is no tack in such a one. 

3. Hired pasture (or horses, cows, &c. ; esp. in phr. out 
to tad:, used of animals : put out to pasture. 

War.23 Wor. Horses or horned cattle will be taken into 
Westwood Park to tack or ley, Berrow's Jrn. (Apr. 1873'. 
w.Wor.', se.Wor.', s.Wor.' Shr.' ' Yo'n got a power o' stock fur 
yore farm, Maister.' * Aye, I mus' get some out on tack.' Hrf. 
DuNCUMB ///s/. //»/. (1804-12) ; Hrf.'=. Glo.", Wil.' 

4. Stuff, esp. used of food or drink, ^e";;. in a depreciatory 
sense ; anything of little or no value, or of inferior quality. 

Ker. The foinest tack in the wurld for the kidneys. Bartram 
IV/iite/ieaded Boy {i8gS) 107. n.Cy. (Hall.) s.Stf. This bread is 
awful tack, Pinnock B/k. Cy. Ann. (i8g5\ Not. Hard tack 
(J.H.B.). Lin.' This is queer tack. War.'^, se.Wor,' s.Wor. 
I didn't waant to thraow the milk an' tack i' the yord (H.K.) ; 
s.Wor.' Shr.' ' 'Ow dun yore tatoes tiu*n out this time, John ? ' 
' Mighty middlin', theer inna many, an' whad theer is bin poor 
tack'; Shr.^ Hrf.^ It's wretched tack. Glo. 'Twun't hurt 'ec, 'tis 
some good wholesome tack, Buckman Darke's Sojoiini (1890) vii ; 
Glo.' Oxf. He sells some very good tack (G.O.\ Wil.' [And 
Martilmas beefe doth beare good tack. When countrie folke doe 
dainties lack, TussER Hush. (T580) 28.] 

5. Foolish talk. War.^, se.Wor.', s.Wor. (H.K.) 6. v. 
To hire pasture for cattle ; to put out animals to graze ; 
gen. with out. 

War.^ ; War.* I moan lack out some of my stock. Wor. 
Morton O'c/o. ^^)7f. ( 18631. s.Wor. (H.K.) Shr., Hrf. Bound 
Provinc. (1876 . Hrf.' He has tacked out bis horses. Oxf.' MS. add. 
7. To take animals for pasturage on hire. 

Shr.' Mary Cadwallader 'as sent halfa crown for tackin' the 
donkey, an' wants to know if you'll tack 'im a week or nine days 

TACK, sb.'^ Irel. War. Wor. Shr. Hrf. Glo. Dev. [tak, 
taek.] 1. The tools, implements, or appliances for any 
work or trade ; ' tackle.' 

War.' se.Wor.' A razor-grinder's machine is his tack ; a 
smith's box of tools for shoeing horses is his * shoeing tack.' 
s.Wor. Cider-making tack (H.K.). She' My tacks bin at 
Newport, or I'd soon ketch them rots. n.Dev. Good tack, Hoiae 
Siibsecivae (1777) 425. 

2. Timber at the bottom of a river. Hrf.' Hence 
Tacked, ppl. adj. of a fishing-net: caught in the bottom 
of a river, ib. 3. Clothes; a shred of clothes ; the least 
covering. . 

Ir. There won't be a tack on the boy I bring, for fairy clothes 
aren't luckj-, Bodkin Sliil/elagli (1902 177. w.Ir. You won't lave 
me a tack to my feet, Lover Leg. (1848) I. 233. s.Wor. Bring 
my tack j'ondcr {H.K.\ 
4. Phr. lach for tram, good timber for wagon-making ; 
timber cut ready for mending agricultural implements. 
Hrf (W.W.S.), Glo.' 

TACK, sb.^ Irel. Dur. Cum. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Lin. 
Wor. Shr. Hrf. Glo. Ken. Sus. Also written tak Cum. 

B 2 




n.Yks.'* w.Yks. ; and in form take n.Yks.* [tak, task.] 
An unpleasant or strongly-marked flavour. 

N.I.' Ant. Butter is said to have a tack when it is rancid, 
Dallymeiia Obs. (1892). Dnr.' Cum.' This yel hes a tack o' 
t'cask ; Cum.'' n.Yks.' If two articles of food arc cooked together, 
and the stronger flavoured one communicates a taste to the other, 
it is said to 'have a t.»k o' t'ither.' n.Yks.^ It has a queer tack 
wi' 't ; n.Yks.*, ne.Yks.' e.Yks.' It's gettcn a tack wiv it. 
w.Yks. Theer nali, that's summat like ; it's a bit o tak wi it, hez tliat 
(B.K.). Lan.', nLan.', ne.Lan.', e.Lan.' s.Lan.' This ale's 
getten a nasty tack in it. Chs.' Ale which has been put into 
a musty cask is said to have a tack, or a tack of the cask ; Chs.^, 
s.Chs.',nw.Der.' Lin. STREATFEiLD//«.(7)irfZ)a;(^s (1884") 369; Lin.' 
n.Lin. Sutton IVds. (i88i)- sw.Lin.' It had a nasty tack about it. 
w.Wor.* The aay'l [ale] 'as a tack a the barrel. Shr.' The beer 
'as a bit of a tack on it yet ; Shr.° The ale has got a tack o' th' 
barrel. Hrf.^, Glo.', Ken.". Sus >« 

Hence (i) tieither tack nor IwisI, phr. ot meat: flavour- 
less; (2) Takt, fpl. adj. having a marked flavour; gcii. 
used of an acid liquid. 

(i) Cum.< (2) n.Yks.'; n.Yks.* It's a lahtle bit ower takt ti 
mah liking. 

TACK. V.' and sA.* Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. Also in form teck Cum.'" [tak.taek.] 1. v. In 
phr. dotft stitch thy seam before fhoii hast tacked it, look 
before you leap. Chs." 2. To fasten ; to hold or keep 
together ; to fi.x. Cf tach, 2. 

Sc. (Jam.) Lnk. Jock roosed the auld horse frae his rest, . . 
Syne tacked him snugly tae liis cart, Orr Laigh Flichls (1882) 39. 
Edb. Content eneugh gif they hae wherewithal Scrimply to tack 
their bq^y and their sauI, Fergusson Poems {i~iTi) 183, ed. 1785. 
Cum. Thur ootside parishes at's just teckt on roond t'edges eh 
Cumberlan, S\-rg\%sov Joe Scoap (i88i) 89; Cum.*, w.Yks. (J.W.) 
Shr., Hrf. Bound Piovmc. (1876). 

Hence (i) Tacked,/'/'/, adj. having the tongue fastened by 
a small film ; Jig. having an impediment in the speech ; 
' tongue-tied ' ; see Tongue-tacked, s.v. Tongue, 1 (27) ; 
(2) "Tacker, sb. a shoemaker's waxed thread ; (3) Tacker- 
gra.s^, sb.i\\tkno\.-gTas,s,Polygomimavictilare; (4) Tacking, 
(51 Tacking-end, sb., see (21. 

(i) Sc. (Jam.) Ayr. 'When their tongues are tacked, and speak 
nothing, Dickson Writings (1660) I. 148, ed. 1845. Edb. Their 
tongues began at length not to be so tacked, Moir Maitsie IVaucIt 
(1828, ii. (a) Dor. Haynes Voc. (c. 1730) in N. (5^■ Q. (1883) 6th 
S. viii. 45; Dor.' Soni. 'Tis zaw cawld, I can't work wi' tha 
tacker at all, Jennings Obs. Dial. w.Eiig. (1825) 179. w.Soni.' 
Dev. This here stuff's so tough as ever was a tacker. Reports 
Provinc. (iB82\ {3) w.Som.' From its likeness to a ' tacker,' or 
shoemaker's wax-end. Dev.* (4) Der.^ ^5) Not. (J.H.B.) 

3. To nail. 

Elg. Tlie coffin, stout, strong, an' weel tackit, Wi' plenty o" 
room, Tester Poems (1865"! 134. [Amer. The roof, half a dozen 
pigeons cooin' on one end, an' her on the other tackin' away. 
Lloyd Chfomc Lonfcr (rgoi') 47.] 

4. sb. A stitch. 

Sc. (A.'W.) Cum.' A teck i' time seavvs nine ; Cum.* 

5. A slight hold or fastening ; that which holds or fastens. 
Sc. It hings by a lack (Jam.). 

6. Obs. The membrane which attaches the tongue to the 
undcr-part of the mouth. 

Slg. The sight of the father's danger brake the tack of a son's 
tongue who was tongue-tacked from the birth, 'Wodrow See. Sel. 
Riog. (ed. 1845-7) I- 247- 

7. A shelf; a mantelpiece; a bacon-rack. See Clavel- 
tack, s.v. Clavel, 2 (4). 

Hmp.' Up on th' tack. Wil.' Chimney-tack. How many tacks 
arc there in the pantry? Dor. Haynes Voc. (c. 1730) in N. (y O. 
(1883) 6th S. viii. 45; Dor.' Pliates an' dishes up 'pon tack, ai'g. 
Som. Cheese tacks (W.F.R.). e.Som. 'W. & J. G/. (1873). Dev. 
Moore H,sI Dev. 1 iBag) I. 355. n.Dev. Till un a traunchard vrom 
tha tack. Rock Jim an' IVelt (i86-j) st. 18. 

8. The handle of a scythe. 

e.An.' Nrf. All the gang was there, some on 'em fitting new 
sticks to the scythes, some on 'em putting in tacks, Emerson Son 
of Fens (1892) 131. 

9. A coalmining term : a small prop of coal sometimes 
left in 'kervin"'; a 'gird' to support it until the ' kerving' 
is finished. Nhb.' Nhb., Dur. Greenwell Coal Tr. Gt. 
(1849). 10. A path ; a causeway. Sus. Holloway; Sus.' 

11. A time, season, spell, as of weather. 

Sc. We had experienced a long tack of wet weather, Wright 
Lnird Nicoll (28th ed.) 38. Ayr. We had a lang tack of very wat 
we.-ither. Service Dr. Diigiiid (ed. 1887) 138. Dmf. Frae sun-rise 
to sun-set's a dreigh tack o' care, Cromek Remains (1810) 50. 

12. A manoeuvre ; an evasion ; an expedient. 

Edb. '^'our nephew . . . canna be up to sae mony shifts an' tacks 
as you, Ballantine Deanhaiigh (i86g) 117. 

13. Phr. (i) to keep close tack to a person, to keep close 
behind him ; (2) upon some tack, in some way or another. 

(i) Don. Billy started . . . off in the diraction of the spot, . . the 
goat, as he well expected, keeping close tack till him, Cent. Mag. 
(Feb. igoo) 605. (2) Lan. Hoo'd getten him upo' some tack, 
Clegg Sketches (1895) 2. 

[1. Takkyn, or some what sowyn to-gedur, siitiilo, con- 
sittiilo, consito (Prompt.).] 
TACK, v.^ and sb.^ Wor. Som. Dev. Cor. [tsek.] 

1. V. To strike with the open hand ; to slap ; to beat. 
s.Wor. A'll tack 'ee, 'ee young 'ound (H.K.). w.Cy. (Hall.) 

w.Som.' Tommy! come in this minute, or I'll tack your bottom 
vor 'ee, I will ! n.Dev. Chell tack et out wi' tha, Exnt. Scold. 
(1746)1.18. nw.Dev.', Cor.'2 

2. To clap the hands. 

w.Cy. Grose (1790) Sitppl. Dev. They little bits of pigsies a- 
laughing and a-tacking their hands for joy, TozER Poems (1873) 
77 ; Dev.' A laugh'd and tack'd her hands at en, 7. nw.Dev.' 
Cor. The piskies testify their joy by tacking their hands, Brand 
Po/). .<4;i/i'y. (1813) III. 44, ed. 1870; Cor.' ' Tackhands ' is to slap 
hands by way of approval ; Cor.^ 

3. To pat ; to smooth down. 

nw.Dev.' Idn a a booty ? Kom an' tack'n down, my dear. 

4. sb. A slap. 

w.Cy. (Hall. ) Dev. I'll gic thee a glide tack ef thee dii'th that 
again, Hewett Pens. Sp. (1892); Dev.' n.Dev. Wi' that Jones 
gied hissel a tack, RocKy/i;i an' Nell (1867) St. 1 14. Cor. M (j" Q. 
(1854) 1st S. x. 440 ; Cor.' 

TACK, v." and sh." Wm. Not. I.W. Amer. [tak, 
tsek.] 1. V. An aphetic form of 'attack.' 

Win. When it comes to 'tackin' ma puir Wullle, I canna thole 
it, Ollivant Owd Bob (1898; vii. I.'W.' [Amer. (CD.)] 
2. sb. An attack. 

Not. Tant warn't no willing party to the 'tack on your house. 
Prior Forest Flk. (igoi) 288. 

TACK, v.^ Dev. [taek.] To trim a hedge. See 
Hedge-tacker, s.v. Hedge, 1 (46). 

Let un go back to his job, which was hedge-tacking, Phillpotts 
Sons of Morning (igoo) 16; Her eyebrows was so ragged as a 
hedge as wants tackin', ib. Striking Hours (igoi) 158. 

[MDu. tackeii, to hew, lop (Hexham).] 

TACK, TACKAD, see Take, Tacket, s6.' 

TACKED, ppl. adj. Cor. Beaten ; brought to a stop 
through exhaustion. 

I baant tacked yet, but tes oncommon hilly, Tregellas Character 
fi868) 84 ; Cor.^ A horse, an engine, or a man is said to be tacked, 
i.e. cannot complete its task through exhaustion. 'I'm most 

TACKER, 56.' Dev. Cor. [taB-ka(r).] Somethingthat 
one cannot get over; a ' clincher' ; a great lie ; also in pt. 

Dev. Horae Siibsecivae (1777) 425. Cor.' ' That's your tackers, 
old boy.' meaning ' I have set you an example which I know j'ou 
cannot imitate.' ' That's a tacker for you.' 

TACKER, sb.'^ Dev. Cor. and Amer. [taek3(r).] A 
small child, esp. a small boy. Cf. tacket, sb.'^ 

Dev. Ever since I was a little tacker, Reports Provinc. (1885). 
nw.Dev.' Cor. I was a tiny tacker then, ' Q.' Troy Town (1888) 
xi. [Amer. Dial. Notes (i8g6) I. 76."] 

TACKES, V. Obs. Ess. To mend apparel. Monthly 
Mag. (1814) I. 498 ; Gl. (1851) ; Ess.' 

TACKET, sb.' and v. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Yks. Also 
written tackit Sc. ; and in form tackad Cai.' [ta'kit.] 

1. sb. A small, broad-headed nail, esp. used for boots 
and shoes ; a tin-tack. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; Thick boots— boots studded with tackets, Keith 
Prtte (i8g5) 144. ne.Sc. Shoe a horse, ca'a nail, Ca' a tackit in's 
tail, Gregor /VI'-Z.o>-f (1881) 16. Cai.' Per. Botchin' an' borin', 
and drivin' shoe tackets, Stewart Character (1857) 73. Rnf. 
Though our employer many a way May have his mind distracket 
. . . 'We do not care a tacket, M''Gilvray Poems (ed. i86a) 328. 
Ayr. Rusty airn laps and jinglin jackets. Wad baud the Lothians 




three iii tackets, A tovvmont gudc, Burns Cnptnm Grose ("nSg) St. 
6. Twd. The tackets o' his boots mann hac slilliered on the stane, 
BuCHAN Il'enllifr {iSgg) 199. Gall. Mactacgart Eiicycl. ',1824') 4, 
ed. 1876. N.Cy.' Nhb. Tackets To cobble their canny pit shoon, 
Al.i.AN Tyneside Siigs. (1891 1 108. Dur.', Cum.", n.Yks.'". ne.Yks.' 

Hence (i) Tacket-boot, sb. a hobnailed boot; (2) 
•maker, sb. a maker of hobnails ; (3) -soled, (4) Tackety, 
adj. hobnailed ; filled with 'tackets' ; (5.) Tacketyshoed, 
adj. wearing hobnailed shoes. 

(O Sc. Wearing his strongest tacket boots, Keith Bonnie Lady 
(1897) 171. (2) ne.Sc. Tlie airmy cobblers can hardly keep the 
sodgers' soles frae the grun'. an' the tackit-mackers, workin' nicht 
an' day, can barely supply the demand for tackits, Grant Keckhlon, 
63. Lnk. Such [women] . . . ought only to be matched with 
tacketmakers, tree trimmers, and male taylors, Graham iVrilings 
(1883) II. 148. (3) Sc. He envied the tacketsoled boots that gave 
his quarry the advantage, Keith Iiidinii Uncle (1896J 274. (4) 
Sc. fJAM.^ ne.Sc. The toes of his big tackety boots, Gordok 
Nori'lnmid Ho {l9()^) IT). Bnff.' Abd. Tak' affyertacketie beets 
at ance, Alexander Ain Flk. 11882) 25. Frf. My feet enclosed in 
stout 'tackety' boots, Barrie LiV/;^ (1888) i. e.Fif. The neb o' 
Andra's tackety shoe, Latto Tant Bodkin (1864) i.\. Ayr. 
Clattering through the paved yard in his tacketly boots, Douglas 
Green Shnllers (1901) 298. Kcb. I had my tacketty boots on, MuiR 
Miincraig (1900) 104. Nhb.' (5") Fif. Merry, chubby-faced, 
tackety-shoed jockies. Prvde Queer Flk. (1897) 244. 
2. The penis. n.Cy. (Hall.) 2. v. To drive ' tackets* 
into boots or shoes ; to fasten with ' tackets.' 

Sc. (Jam.), Bnff.i e.Sc. Thick-soled blucher boots tacketed for 
rough roads, Setoun R. Urijuliarl (iSg6) i. 

[1. Tacket, claiiiilus, Levins Maiup. (1570).] 

TACKET, s6.2 Sc. [takit.] A restless, unruly boy. 
Cf lacker, sb? 

Are you Adam Gordon, . . the little tacket whose broken bones 
I used to have the pleasure of setting? Keith Indian Uncle 
(1E96) 358. 

TACKIE,s6. Bnff.' [ta-ki.] 1. A game ; see below. 

A game in which one is appointed to pursue and catch the 
others. Often played in the stack-yard, and it is then commonly 
called ' tackie amo' the rucks.' 

2. The pursuer in the game of 'tackie.' 

TACKLE, si.' and v. Van dial, uses in Sc. Ire!, and Eng. 
Also written tackel Lan. ; and in form tayckle Cor. 
[ta'kl, tae'kl.] 1. sb. Gear ; implements, esp. agricul- 
tural implements ; machinery ; harness. See Tackling^. 

Sc. (A.W.) w.Yks. He'so sooartso tackle abeawt him fur his job 
(D.L.). s.Lan.' s.Stf. He'd got his talkin tackle on, Piknock Blk. Cy. 
./Jiix. (1895). Not. (L,C.M.\Der.' Nhp.' When any one is going to 
repair an article, it is commonly asked, ' Have you got your tackle 
ready?' Wor. The Squire found the cricket tackle for us (E.S. '. 
Oxf.', n.Bck. (A.C.\ Snr.', Sus.i Hmp.> Cart-tackle; plough- 
tackle. Wil.' n.Wil. He never brought his tackle wi"iin (E.H.G.). 
Dor. Wonderful tackle our hands do be, zure now! C. Hare Vill. 
Street {1895) 26. w.Soni.', Dev.' Cor. Maybe you'd like to see 
my tayckle, what I work with, Lee Paul Carah (1898) 51. 

2. Food or drink, esp. drink; food for cattle; stuff or 
material of any kind. 

Lan. Th' tay itsel wur gradely tackel too, Ferguson Moiidynnrf', 
19. s.Lan.' Oxf.' What tackle d'ee call this? Brks.' That ther 
be precious good tackle. Sur.' Sus.' I calls this here claret wine 
about the poorest tackle ever I taasted. Hmp.' This be capital 
tackle. I.W.2 ' D'ye call this treyad beer, you ? ' ' Well, et goos 
vor't, mayet, but 'tis darned rum tackle to my mind.' Wil.i Haven't 
'ee got any gingham tackle ? Jefferies G/. £s/rt/f (1880) iv ; Thaay 
[the sheep] be goin' into th' Mash to-morrow. . . We be got shart 
o' keep. . . Thur's a main sight o' tackle in the Mash vor um. ib. 
Greene Feme Farm (1880) \'. w.Som.' Nif this idn rare tackle, 
missus; I zim do drink moorish. Dev. £.»>«. ScoW. (^1746) G/., ed. 
1778. nw.Dev.i 

3. V. To catch with fishing-tackle. 

Sc. A fouth o' spotted trout Whilk we had tackled weel, Nicoll 
Poems (cd. 1843) 254. 

4. To repair, mend ; gen. with up. 
e Lan.' Oxf.' I can't tackle up this old ship's trough 

We can easy tackle-un-up. 

5. To equip. Lan. Davies Races (1856) 239. 
attack ; to punish. 

Lnk. I'm wae that Brown shou'd ha'e tack'lt ye sae, Hamilton 
Poems {186$) 202, ed. 1885. Nhb. He began tacklin' releegion, 

6. To 

Pease A/«ivt o' //ic Ai/ (1894) 125. Lan. I wish't awd ne'er bin 
tackelt bi owt woss then a goose i' mi coortin' days, Ferguson 
Moudyivarp's Visit, 16. Dev. Lokcc, zee ycr, Ted, I'll tackle thee 
tu tha-truth-ov-music bimbyc, zee ef I dawn't, Hewett Peas. Sp. 

7. To bring to account ; to take to task. 

Sc. (A.W.> w.Wor. He's bin atacklin" on him. S. Beauciiamp 
Grantley (1874 '■ '97- w.Soni.' So scon's I yeard o' it, I went 
and tackled-n about it. nw.Dev.' 

8. To accost. Sc. (A.W.), Nhb.' 9. With to : to set to 
work heartily at. 

Sc. (A.W.) Lan. Tackle to't rcct while yore yung, Cy. IVds. 
No. 17. 262. 
10. With wilh : to grapple with. 
n.Yks. Ah tackled wi' I'badgcr. Ah tackled wi' t'work (I.W.). 

TACKLE, .<^6.^ N.I.' [takl.] A quick and rather 
troublesome child. 

TACKLE, aA.^ Obs. Sc. Also in i'orm teckle. An arrow. 

The swallow-tails frac tcckles flew. Hekd Cull. Sngs. (1776) I. 
53; The swallow taill frae tackles flew, Scott Mnislrelsy (1802) 
I. .'62, cd. 1806. 

TACKLER, .sb. Lan. [ta-kla(r).] An overlooker in 
a weaving-shed. 

For tackier Tom con stond it o', Ramsbottom P/i(TS«q/'Z'i's/r<ss 
(1E64) 34 ; Lan.', e.Lan,', s.Lan.' 

TACKLING, sb. Yks. Som. Dev. [taklin, taeklin.] 

1. Materials for making a fire. See 'Tackle, sb.^ 
w.Yks.5 Wi' tub gehr ust' tackling thergetlier lad when tubs 

gotten thee supper ! 27. 

2. Food or drink. 

w.Som.' n.Dev. Whan tha com'st to good tackling, E.\ni. 
Scold. (1746) 1. II. 

3. Deeds, documents, ic. 

w.Yks.3 Well, he's got the tacklin' on it no doubt, somewhere 
laid by. 

TACKNE, iA. Sh.I. Also in form taikne (Jam.). An 
old ridiculous person. (Iam.), S. & Ork.' 

TACKY, adj. Irel. Not. Glo. and Amer. [taki, taeki.] 
Sticky, as varnish or glue before it is quite hardened. 
N.L', Not.', Glo.' [Amer. Diul. Notes (1896) I. 394.] 

TACKY-LACKY, sb. Som. Dev. [taekilaeki.] A 
drudge ; a person at every one's beck and call. 

w.Som. Poor maid, her's tacky-lacky to all the tother sarvunts, 
Athenaeum (Feb. 26. 18981. Dev. ' 'Ow minny zarvints dii Passen 
Wadow kep?' 'There's Bill Swam tha coachman. Dick Ley the 
grume, and George Urdood tha tackylacky, and tii or dree more 
besides,' Hewett Peas. Sp. (1892). 

TACT, I'. s.Chs.' [takt.] ? A corrupt form of 'attack.^ 

I tacted two women ofT Willeymoor abowt theise politics, bu' 
they gen me a pratty nointin', afore they'd done wi' me. 

TAD, sb.^ Som. Dev. [taed.] A quantity; a burden, 
load. See Tod, sb.^ 4. 

Dev. Farmer coming in with a very heavy load of hay, said, 
■ I've a-got a middlin' tad here, sure 'nough,' Reports Provinc. 

Hence Taddick, */). a small quantity of anything ; a 
measure, &c. partly filled. 

w.Som.' ' 'Ton't take long to put up thick bit of a taddick,' a man 
said of a very small rick of hay. ' 'Tidn boo half loads, they 
taddicks what he do draw,' another man said of the work done by 
a hired cart. 

TAD, s6.' Yks. Lin. e.An. Also in form tod Yks. Lin. 
[tad ; tod.] 1. Dung, manure. Cf tathfe. 

n.Yks. (T.S.) Lin. Goose tod, cow tod, Streatfeild Lin. and 
Danes (1884) 372. n.Lin. IV. cr' O. (1852) 1st S. v. 376 ; n.Lin.', 
c.Cy. (Hall.i Nrf. Miller & Skertchly Fenland (1878) iv; 
Arc/t. (1879J III. 174. 
2. Fig. A person of little use or account. 

n.Yks. ' He's gitten a tod lor tuppence," he has married a woman 
of little use(T.S.). 

[Norw. dial, tad, manure (Aasen).] 

TAD, sb.' s.Chs.' [tad.] In plir. on the tad. (i) in 
unstable equilibrium; (2) on the point of ; (3) ready to start. 

(i) A thing is said to be ' o' the tad ' when just about to topple 
over. (2) Jiist upil)th taad- u th foa-ks goo in voa-t = on the eve 
of the polling-day. (3^ Ah'm just upo' the tad = I may start 
any moment. 

TAD, see Tat, dem. adj., Toad, Tod(d. 




TADAGO-PIE. sb. Obs. Cor. Also written taddago 
pie Cor.' A pie madeof prematurely born pigs; see below. 
The devil of a pye out of Cornwal. made of sltalled pigs, i.e. 
of young pigs, whereof a sow has miscarried. For tadaliv'd, 
tadago'd, i.e. had it hv'd (or been born alive), it w'' have gone 
upon its legs, Hoiae Siib'secivac (1777) 4^5 ! Cor.*' 

TADDLE, V. Shr.' fta'dl.] To pay minute attention 
to ; to be very tender with ; to feed carefully, as of a sick 
person or delicate young animal. Cf. tiddle, v} 

After the Doctor 'ad left 'er, I taddled wi' "er, an' gi'ed 'er some, 
crame an' waiter. 

TADDLE, see Toddle. 

TADDLECOCK, sb. Nhp.' [ta'dl-kok.] One of the 
small cocks into which hay is put to protect it from dew 
or rain, before the haymakers finish their day's work. 

TADDY, sb. Sc. [ta'di.] A certain kind of snufif, so 
called from the name of its maker ; also used in coiitp. 

Sc. Irish blackguard and taddy snuff mixed, Wright Sc. Li/e 
.1897) 5. w.Sc. Loading his left nostril with a powerful charge 
of Taddy, Macdonald Srtll(ii:eitl (1869) 133, ed. 1877. Lnk. 
Some tea to the auld folk, tobacco or taddy, Nicholson Idylb 
(1870' 46. 

TADDY, ndj.^ 'Wor. [tae'di.] Pot-bellied. s.Wor. 
(H.K.), s.Wor.' 
TADDY, ^rf/.' Irel. [ta'di.] Untidy ; tossed about. 
U!s. There t.iddy beads is ill to red (M.B.-S.). 
TADE, see Take, Toad. 

TADGE, I'.' Not.3 [tadg.] To scrape along; to get 
along with difficulty. Cf todge, v. 

TADGE, I'.' w.Yks.= [tad^.] To stitch lightly together. 
Also usedy5§-. ; see below. Cf. tadgel. 
A newly-married couple are said to be tadged. 
TADGEL, V. Stf ' [tadgl.] To tie ; ftg. to be married. 
Cf tadge, J'.^ 

TADGER, sb. n.Lin.' [ta'dg3(r).] The centre marble 
in a game at marbles. 

TADGY, sb. Not. [ta'dsi.] The hedge-sparrow. 
Accentor tnodiilaris. s.Not. It's on "y a tadgv's ness (J P.K.). 
TADLYOODLY, adj. Cor. Tipsy. Hammond Cor. 
Parish (1897) 341 ; Cor.^ 
TAEK, TAET, see Thack, v.\ Tait, sb."- 
TAFF, sb. Obs. Sc. Turf 

s.Sc. The wish that I hae lang nourished, to see the auld taff o' 
the kirk-j'ard cover the moil that keeps ye frae the sicht o' her ye 
hae ruined, Wilson 7"in/fs(i836 II. 45. 

Hence Taff-dyke, sb. a fence made of turf 
Gall. I foun' mysell soberin, sat down on a tafT dyke, and took 
a look o' the lift, Mactaggart Eiicvcl. (18241 158, ed. 1876. 
TAFF, TAFFATY, see Taft, Taffety, adj. 
TAFFEL, sb. Sc. Also written taffil Abd. ; and in 
form taifle n.Sc. (Jam.I [ta'fl ; tefl.] A small table. 

n.Sc. (Jam.) Abd. There was a four-nooked taffil in manner of 
an altar standing within the kirk, Spalding Hisl. Sc. 11792) I. 23. 
Per. An old person said, ' Bring in owre the tafTel, an' put some- 
thing on't for him to eat ; an' mak haste, lassie' (G.W.). 

[The same word as OE. Icrfl (fr. Lat. tabula), a chess- 
board (B.T.l.l 

TAFFEREL, adj. Obs. Sc. 1, Thoughtless, giddy. 
Slk. Bessy Chisliolm — Heh 1 are ye therein? May Chisholm 
—Where's your titty ? Poor tafTerel ruined tawpies ! Hogg 
Perils of Man [ 1823) III. 202 (Jam.). 
2. Ill-dressed, ib. (Jam.) 
TAFFETY, sb. \Vil. A toad ; see below. 
This use of the word has been noted once or twice at Salisbury 
by a correspondent, but we can learn nothing more about it 

TAFFETY, adj. Ken. Sur. Sus. limp. I.W. Wil. Dor. 
Som. Dcv. Also written taffaty Sur. ; taflfetty I.W.' ; 
and in form tafferty Sus. [tafati.] 1. Dainty, fastidious, 
particular ; affected ; csp. as regards food. 

Ken. (F.E.), Ken.>, s.Sur. ^T.T.C. , Sus. (F.E.) w.Sas. He 
cannot eat that, he is such a tafferty man i G.A.W.\ Hmp. 
I suppose you can cat cold pie, Jessie, . . talTely as you've been 
bred, Gray Htart nf Storm (1891; I. 241; Hmp.', I.W.', Wil.' 
Dor. He's 50 taffety, he won't cat what others will (C.V.G.); 
Dor.' Som. Sweetman Wincmiton Gl. (1885). e.Som. W. & j! 

Gl. (1873). w.Som.' I never can't abear thick sort o' pigs, they 
be so ter'ble taffety; they'd starve to death 'pon the mait I gees 
mine. Dev. Reports Proviiic. 1,1889) ; I niver did zee nobody zo 
taffety as yu be; j'ii can't ayte nort like nobody else, Hewett 
Peas. Sfi. 118921. n.Dev. An' taffety dildrums in es talk, Rock 
Jim ail' Nell (1867) St. 86. 
2. Tender, delicate. 

Hrap. I could eat a taffety chicken (T.L.O.D.). 

TAFFIAT, sb. Obs. Chs.^ Also in form tafia. Sugar 
and brandy made into cakes. 

TAFFLE, V. and sb. Sc. Cum. Yks. Lan. Not. Lin. 
Nhp. Dor. Som. Dev. [tafi, tse'fl.] 1. v. To ravel, en- 
tangle ; to ruffle. See 'rifle. 

Dmf. Her hair's a' tafTled— what o'that? Wallacz Sebooliiiaster 
(1899) 370. e.Yks.', n.Lan,' Lin. Streatfeild Lin. and Danes 
(1884)369; Lin.' My kite band has got taflled. n.Lin. Sutton 
JVds. (1881) ; n.Lin.' sw.Lin.' The rope was in such a tallfled 
state. Dor. Gt. (1851). w.Sora.' That skein's all taffled up so, 
I never sha'n't undo it. Dev. Then es vlies ed tatBe in the trees, 
Pulman Sketches 1842) 60. 

2. Without: to untwist ; to become unwoven at the end; 
used of cloth. Sic. e.Yks.' Hence Tafflings, 56. />/. the 
bits of thread which come off a woven fabric when cut. 

Lin. Streatfeild Lin. and Danes (1884)369. n.Lin. Pick them 
tafflin's up ofTn th' carpit (M.P.) ; n.Lin.' 

3. To throw into disorder ; to beat down crops, grass, &c. 
Cum.' ; Cum.'' Crops looked well, but wheat is a good deal 

taffelt in some places with the wet and cross winds. Dor. 
Barnes Gl. U863). 

4. To move aimlessly. 

Cum.* TafHing with his hands amongst the chatT. 

5. Fi^. To perplex, tire, wear out, exhaust with fatigue. 
Fif (Jam.), Cum.", Dor. (W.C. c. 1750). 6. To trifle, 
idle, loiter. 

Not.^ Nhp.' My servant goes tafSing about and don't get on 
with her work. 

7. sb. Anything tangled or confused ; a tangle. 

n.Lin.' Th' cat maade all th' silk e' sich 'n a taffle, I was a 
nooer, if I was minnit. afoore I could get it reightled. Fo'st he 
said, an' then she said, an' then the'r lawyers bed each on 'em a 
wo'd or two a peace, till it got to be sich 'n a real tatlle I seem'd 
to knaw a deal less then when we started. 

8. The aimless movement of light matter ; a slight move- 
ment on water. Cum. (H.W.), Cum.* 

TAFFY, sb. Cum. Wil. [tafi, tae'fi.] A weak-minded, 
thoughtless, irresolute person ; a simpleton ; also in coinp. 
Taffy-horn, -noddles, -noodle, -watty. 

Cum.'; Cum.* In siv. Taffy describes the character rather than 
the individual. n.Wil. (G.E.D. ) 

TAFIA, see Taffiat. 

TAFT, sb. Sh.I. I. Ma. Also in form taflt I.Ma. [taft.] 
The thwart of a boat. See Thoft. 

Sh.I. Strik rouwin faider frae his taft. Burgess Pasniie (1892) 
58; S. & Ork,' I.Ma. Sortin them out on the taff. Brown 
Doctor (iBS-j \ 18. 

[Dan. tofte, a thwart (Larsen).] 

TAFT, TAFTEN, see Toft, Toftin. 

TAG, sb.' and v.' Sc. Cum. Yks. Lan. Lin. Nhp. 'Wor. 
Shr. Glo. Brks. Bdf Hrt. e.An. s.Cy. Sus. limp. Cor. 
Amer. Also written tagg Glo. [tag, taeg.] 1. sb. Any 
small object hanging loosely from a larger one; a tip; a tail. 

w.Sc. 'There's a tag o' clay liingin' at your coat.' Always 
applied to something disagreeable and dirty (Jam.). Cld. That's 
a gude tag, as the coo said o' its tail {ib.). ne.Lan.'The end of a 
fo.x's tail. 

2. The white hair on the point of the tail of a cow or an 
ox. Mry. (Jam.) Hence Taggie, Taigie, Teagie, or 
Tygie, sb. a cow having a white-tipped tail. 

Sc. Had taggie by the tail, says the proverb, ne'er quat certainty 
for hope, Magopico (ed. 1836) 25. Mry., w.Sc, (Jam.) Fif. An 
whare was Rob an' Peggy For a' the search they had. But i' the 
byre 'side Teagie, I.ike lovin' lass an' lad ? Douglas Poems 
(1806) 124. 

3. The tail-end of a rump of beef Cor." 4. The 
twisted and pointed end of a lock of wool as it is shorn 
from the fleece. 

Shr.' Dunna gflO so avenless about that 65l, snip the end off the 
tag, an' toze it well as the grace can get among it. 




5. A small piece of material, hanging from a piece en- 
closed in paper to serve as a pattern. w.Yks. (R.H.R.) 

6. Obs. A disease in slieep : see below. 

Lth. A disease, allecting the tail, lias been denominated Tag. 
It consists of scabs and sores, situated on the under side of the tail, 
arising, in warm weather, from its being fouled in purging, £ssaj's 
J-Jig/i/. Soc. III. 434 (Jam.\ 

7. The low rabble ; also used a//nb. 

e.Lth. Riff-raff rogues, whase victims were ... To such tag 
knaves . . . superior, Mucklebackit Rhymes (1885) 7. Nlip.', 

8. A wild, romping girl. 

w.Yks.* He's two daughters, and they're regular tags. 

9. Comb, (i) Tag and rag, the whole of anything, every 
bit; (2) -lock, a small canal, or extended lock, cut for the 
purpose of connecting two navigable portions of the river 
Calder, between Elland and Brighouse ; (3) -mag, the 
dung which adheres to a cow's hind quarters ; (4) -rag, {a) 
a mean person ; a vagabond ; a low rabble ; also used 
attrib. ; (b) rubbish ; bad workmanship ; (5) -rag-day, 
May 14th, when servants leave their places ; (6) -ragly, 
good-for-nothing; (7) •wool, the long foul 'tags' of wool 
on sheep. 

(i) Abd. (Jam.) (2) w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Siippl. Oct. 22, 1898). 
(3) w.Yks. A woman at Barnsley complained to a solicitor that 
another woman had called her 'an old tagmag," and when asked 
to e.\plain the word did so as above (S.O.A.). (4, n) Cum." 
Nhp.' There were plenty of tag-rag at the fair. Wor. 'E'd sunner 
goo a arbourin' uth anny tag-rag, nar a'd goo alung ov annybuddy 
as is respectable (H.K.). Cor. 'Here are father's company,' 
cried out Tom ; . . ' and what a tag-rag party ! ' Blackw. Mag. (Feb. 
1862) 163. (6) w.Yks.2 (5) Lin. (J.C.W.) (6) n.Lin. Sich a 
tagragly crew they is (M.P.). (7) Glo. Jlorae Siibsecivae {I'm) 
426; Glo.l 

10. V. To add something to the end of an object. 
Brks.' If us tags on a bit to the ind o' that ther rawpe a 'coll 

rache as vur as us wants un to 't. 

11. pass. To have the lower end or point of the tail white. 
Mry. (Jam.) Ayr. If the lower part of her tail was white she 

was said to be tagged, Agiic. Surv. 425 (16.). Lth. (Jam.) Rxb. 
Her little tail wi' white was taggit, Ruickbie IVayside Cottnger 
(1807) 178. 

12. To smear; to saturate with mud, rain, &c. ; esp. used 
of dirtying the bottom of a skirt. Cf. taggle, 2. 

Nlip.' Glo. Well tagged with smut powder, Marshall Review 
(1818) II. 454. Bdf. I've tagged the tail of my gown (J.W.B.). 

13. Obs. Of a sheep: to cut away the dirty locks of wool 
from about the tail. 

Hrt. Ellis S/i*"/!. GiiiV/f (1750). s.Cy. (Hall.) Hmp. Holloway. 

14. With after : to follow closely ; to follow at the heels of. 
Gall. 'Wha has coupit the boy-hoose [school]?' he would say, 

as a whole village green came tagging after him and his donkey, 
Crockett Kil Kennedy (1899) viii. Lan. (F.R.C.) Nhp.* The 
children are always tagging after her. e.An.' He is always tagging 
after her. Sus., Hmp. Holloway. [Amer. It don't convene to 
one of our free and enlightened citizens, to tag after any man, 
that's a fact, Sam Slick Cloci)>iaker {1836) ist S. .xxi.-c.] 

15. To carry on the back. Lin. (J.C.W.) 

TAG, sb.^ and v.' Sc. Yks. Lin. [tag.] 1. sb. Any- 
thing used for tying or binding ; a strap, thong, or piece 
of leather; esp. the strap of a shoe. 

Sc. Scolicisms (1787) 90. Frf. He wore tags of yarn round his 
trousers beneath the knee, Barrie LicJit (1888) ii. Per. He . . . 
left behind ... in Girzie's tiger claws Lumps o' his lugs, like tags 
of tawse, Spence Poems (1898) 198. 

2. A long, thin slice; a piece. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; I wish it may come through you like tags o' skate, 
Henderson Prov. (1832) 19, ed. 1881. Sh.I. Shii tried hir best ta 
peel a tag o' hard skate fir ta denner, Sli. News (Mar. 9, 1901). 

3. A schoolmaster's ' tawse.' 

Sc. When any unusual disturbance took place, the master threw 
the * tag' — a piece of a gig trace burnt at the end to make it hard 
— at the oftender, Coinli. Mag. (Aug. 1861) 224. n.Sc. Punish- 
ment on the hands with the tag — a piece of old hard leather, cut 
into two or three thongs or tails, or of new supple leather, cut into 
five or six narrow thongs which were knotted, Gregor Olden 
Time, 53. Bnff.' Abd. Gin the niaisti-'r wud lay on the tag twice 
as weel, it wud be fat he's sair needin', Alexander Ain Ftk. 
(1882)89; (A.W.) 

4. A small portion of a horse's mane gathered together 
and plaited into a cord. 

Lin. Stkeatfeild Lin. and Danes (1884) 369. n.Lin.' The will 
of John Slcyght, of Santon, in the parish of Appleby, made in 
1551, contains a bequest of 'One blak tagged kowe.' The animal 
had probably some of its long hair pleated into tags. 

5. A twist of long grass or rushes. n.Yks.''* 6. v. Ois. 
To tie, bind, fasten. 

Sc. (Jam.) n.Sc. A custom which still prevails in fairs or 
markets. Young people sometimes amuse themselves by stitching 
together the clothes of those who are standing close to each other ; 
so that when they wish to go away they find themselves confined. 
This they call tagging their tails li.). Fif. Hands of unhallow't 
men out-draggit Pai's velvet-cods wi' silver taggit, Tennant 
Papistry {182-]) 211. 

7. To beat with a 'tawse.' Bnff".' 8. To beat with wisps 

of long grass or rushes. 

n.Yks.' In former days when a considerable number of moweis 
or shearers chanced to be working together in the same harvest 
field, one of the men was not unlikely to be desired by his fellows 
to wet — that is to kiss— some young woman or other, either on 
the ground of some jesting sarcasm or reflection on their power of 
working, or for some other reason. If he demurred about doing 
as he was bid, or did it but not to the satisfaction of the others, 
the penalty was to tag him, or belabour him with twisted wisps of 
long grass ; n.Yks." 

TAG, v.^ and sb.^ Nhp. Glo. Oxf. Wil. Dev. Amer. 
[tag,taeg.] 1. v. To drag, tramp; to walk with difficulty ; 
geii. with about, along, or around. 

Glo.', Wil.i.G.E.D.) be V. Grose (1790) A/5. (ii/(/.(M.) nw.Dev.' 
I've bin taggin' about all day. He waz taggin' alung 20 well's a 
could. [Amer. Yer paw's al'ays bein' a goin' somewhere ever 
since I knowed him, an' I've alaj-s had to tag along, CDil. Mag. 
(May 1902) 129.] 

Hence (i) Tagging, ppl. adj. tiring, tiresome; (2) 
Tagster, sb. a vagabond ; a scold ; a virago. 

(i) nw.Dev.' A tagging job. (2) Dev. Hoiae Siibsecivae (1777) 
426 ; She's a regular tagster, Reports Provinc. (1885); Dev.' 

2. sb. Thesecondof two persons dragging a cart, pushing 
a barrow, &c. ; gen. in phr. to pull tag. 

Nhp.'* Oxf.' Fill yer barra full o' straa, an' tie this yer piece of 
oalter [halter] t' un, an' I'll pull tag. Wil.' When a lawn-mower 
or barrow is too heavy for one man to manage alone, a rope is 
attached for a boy to draw by, who is said to ' pull tag.' 

TAG, sb.* and v.* Wor. Glo. Ken. Sur. Sus. Hmp. 
LW. Wil. Also written tagge Ken.'* Sus. [taeg.] 

1. sb. A one-year-old sheep. See Teg. 

m.Wor. (J.C. 1 Glo. Hoiae Siibsecivae (1777) 426 (s.v. Tagg- 
wool). s.Cy. (Hall. "I Ken. Annals Agric. (1784-1815) 
XIX. 75 ; Ken.'*, Sur.' Sus. Ray (1691) j Sus.'*, Hmp.', LW.', 
Wil. (G.E.D.) 

2. V. Obs. To Stock a field with yearling sheep. Ken. 
Young Annals Agric. (1784-1815) XIX. 75. 

TAG, sb.^ Cor. A small wild narcissus. 

(B. & H.I ; Cor.3 They no longer exist, having been transformed 
by cultivation into the well-known ' Scilly whites.' 

TAG, i;.» Feb. (Jam.) [tag.] Of the moon : to wane. 

The mune's taggin. 

TAG, v.° Hrf* [taeg.] To make brown, the effect 
of high wind and rain on hops. Hence Tagged,///, adj. 
unhealthy-looking, out of condition. 

TAG, V.'' Obs. Wil.' To tease, torment. 

TAGANANDRAjSi. Obs. ne.Lan.' A mode of confining 
an animal in a place, as by a stake or tether ; also usedy?^. 

I'll set tha i taganandra. I'll send tha to taganandra. 

TAG(G, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. [tag.] 1. sb. Fatigue ; 
a burden ; a troublesome labour. 

S. & Ork.' Ir. It was a terrible tag. Barlow Martin's Comp. 
(1896) 175. 
2. V. To oppress by hard work ; to exhaust. 

Bnff.' Gehn they wir weel taggit wee wark, they widd be glaid 
t' win t' thir beds seen. 

TAGGE, TAGGELD, see Tag, sb.*, Taggelt. 

TAGGELT, sb. Cum. Wm. Lan. Chs. Also written 
tagalt Lakel.* ; taglt Wm. ; and in forms taggeld Wm. ; 
taglet Cum.*' [ta'glt.] 1. A ragged, dirty person ; a 
vagabond ; an idle good-for-nothing ; a rascal, scamp. 

Lakel.* Cum.'*; Cum.* A taggelt like that sud be hatit like 




puzzen, 55 ; Cum* Wm. Thor gossipin taggelds, Wilson Lite 
Bit ev a Sang, 98; Thae wer arrant taglts an tastrils, Clarke 
Spec. Dial. (1865) 15. n.Lan.' Tiiow nasty dirty taggelt. Thow 
drukkcn taggelt. ne.Lan.', Clis.' 
2. A mischievous little child. s.Wm. (J.A.B.) 

TAGGLE, V. Yks. Not. Nhp. [tagl.] 1. To tangle. 
Not. (J.H.B.) Hence Taggle-rods, a. woollen-trade 
term : a frame arrangement for keeping teazles in position 
for raising cloth. w.Yks. (J.M.) 2. Of women's skirts: 
to saturate with mud, rain, &c. Nhp.' Cf tag, sb.^ 12. 

TAGGLE, see Taigle. 

TAGGY, sb. Cum. Wm. [ta'gi.] The curfew bell; 
gen. in coiiip. Taggy-bell. 

Lalcel.' So called near Penrith, where the custom of ringing the 
taggy is still kept up. Cum. Used in modern times to frighten 
children; if out after eight o'clock, 'Taggy would get them.' 
Sullivan Cum. and IVnt. (1857 85 ; (M.P.) ; Cum.". Wm. fM.P.) 

TAGGY-FINCH, sb. s.Wor.' The chaffinch, Frhigilkt 

TAGH, see Taugh, sb} 

TAGHAIRM, sb. Obs. Sc. A mode of divination 
formerly used by the Highlanders. 

Last evening-tide Brian an augury hath tried, Of that dread kind 
which must not be Unless in dread extremity. The Taghairm called, 
Scott Lady of Lake (1810) cant. iv. st. 4 ; A person was wrapped 
up in the skin of a newly-slain bullock, and deposited beside a 
waterfall, or at the bottom of a precipice, or in some other strange, 
wild, and unusual situation, where the scenery around him 
suggested nothing but objects of horror. In this situation he 
revolved in his mind the question proposed, and whatever was 
impressed upon him by his e.xalted imagination, passed for the 
inspiration of the disembodied spirits, who haunt the desolate 
recesses, ib. ttote. 

[Gael, taghairm, a noise, echo ; a mode of divination by 
listening to the noise of water cascades (Macb.'vin).] 

TAGL, sb. Sh.L [tagL] Anything trailing behind 
one when walking. Jakobsen Dial. (1897) 17. 

TAGLET, 56. Wm. [taglit] The metal tag of a lace. 
See Tag, s6.' n.Wm. This whang hes neea taglet on (B.K.). 

TAGLET, TAGLT, see Taggelt. 

TAGNEY, ii. e.An.' [tae'gni.J Finery ; also used rt///-;'6. 

' Tagney clothes,' the Sunday best. 

TAGRALING, prp. Hrf. Glo. 1. Abusing. Wor. 
(R.M.E.), Hrf^ Glo. iR.M.E.) 2. Courting. Hrf.^ 

TAGREEN, sb. Nhb. Yks. Also in form tagareen 
Nhb.' [ta'grin.] Marine stores. Nhb.' Hence (i) 
Tagreen-man, sb. a man owning marine stores ; see 
below ; (2) Tagreen-shop, sb. a marine stores' shop ; an 
old clothes' shop. 

(i) Nhb.' A ' tagareen man ' has a floating shop which he rows 
about the tiers of ships, announcing his presence by a bell. His 
dealings are carried on by barter or cash, as may be convenient ; 
and old rope, scrap-irun, or other similar unconsidered trifles, are 
exchanged for the crockery or hardware with which the boat is 
stocked. (2) n.Yks.'2, m.Yks.' 

TAGS, sb. pi. Lin. [tagz.] In phr. to set tags, to 
challenge to feats of agility or skill by doing them first 
oneself. se.Lin. (J.T.B.J 

TAGUE, a/>. Lakel.2 A tease. 

Yon barn's a reg'lar tague fteg'. 

TAG -WORM, s6. Cor.» [tas-g-wam.] The earthworm. 

TAH, V. Lan. Cor. [ta.] To void excrement ; used 
by nurses to little children. s.Lan. (LW.) Cor. A'. Ss' O. 
(1854) ist S. X. 440. ~ 

TAH, int. Yks. [ta.] Used as a command to desist. 

n.Yks. Tah ! deean't dcea that ! (LW.) 

TAH, TAHEE, see Taugh, sb.\ Tee-hee. 

TAHTLE, V. Wm. [taU.| 1. To idle about, to 
dawdle ; to do light work in a listless manner; gen. with 
about or around. 

Set intuit an' nut tahtle aboot as if thoo was flail (B K ) 
s.Wm. (J.A.Ii.) ' 

2. With about or around: to walk carefully, to step 
gingerly so as to avoid mud, &c. 

Tahtlin aroond t'fauld yan wad think a bit o' coo shitten wad 
puzzen the (B.K V 

TAICH, see Tach. Teach. 

TAICKLE, sb. N.L' [te'kL] A randy; a talking, 

scolding woman. 

TAID, sb. and v. Obs. Sc. (Jam.) 1. sb. The dung 
of black cattle. Ags. (s.v. Tath.) Cf. tad, sb.'^, tath(e. 
2. V. To manure land by the droppings from cattle, 
either in pasturing or folding. Ags. Of black cattle only. Fif. 

TAIGIE, see Tag, s6.' 

TAIGLE, V. and sb. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Also written 
taigel Nhb.' ; and in lorm taggle n.Sc. (Jam.) [te'gL] 

1. V. To entangle ; to catch so as to hold ; to harass, 
annoy ; to tackle ; to weary, fatigue. 

Sc. Two irreverent young fellows determined, as they put it, 
'to taigle the minister,' Ford Thistledown (1891) 51; She went 
out early and returned late, weary and taiglet, as she called it, 
Whitehead Dnft Davie (1876) 103, ed. 1894. n.Sc, Cld. (Jam.) 
Lnk. Others cunningly stretched out their legs to taigle the 
wrathful dominie, Fkaser IVhatips (1895) ii. Edb. Ye taigled 
your gown on a nail ; I heard something gang screed as we 
whipped through the door, Beatty Secrelar (\Hg-i) 38. 

2. "To detain ; to cause to delay; to hinder ; to take up 
one's time and attention. 

Sc. (Jam.); I was taigled, ye ken, on the road, Ochiltree Red- 
bttni (1895) xvii. Ayr. We were taigled so long, that the coach 
was startiiig from the door of the Cross-Keys as we got oot to the 
causey. Service Dr. Dugitid {^d. 1887'! 85. Lnk. Hooever, no to 
taigle ye, I'll mak' a lang story short, Fraser IVIiaups (1895,1 '■ 
Edb. Haste ye, I have been taigled long enow, Beattv Secretar 
(1897) 230. Gall. They that are trysted to the Bridegroom's work 
must taigle themselves with no other marriage engagements, 
Crockett Moss-Hags 118951 xxiv. Nhb.' 

Hence Taiglesome, adj. retaining, retarding, hindering. 

Sc. A taiglesome road, one which is so deep or 50 hilly that one 
makes little progress (Jam.). Ayr. A multifawrious multipleecity 
of things that are a wee taiglesome in the telling, Service Dr. 
Ditguid (ed. 1887) 103. 

3. To delay ; to tarry, linger, loiter, dawdle. 

Sc. I tell you fairly, there's too much Advocate's door and 
Advocate's window here for a man that comes taigling after a 
Macgregor's daughter, Stevenson Catriona (1893) vii. e.Sc. I 
winna taigle, if you think we can get awa'. Strain Ehnslte's 
Drag-net (1900) 115. Ayr. A sore malady, which soon rose to 
such a head that Robin Brown taigled more than two hours for 
me ; but still I grew worse and worse, Galt Gilliaize (18231 xxvi. 
e.Lth. They mairched on abreist o' the times, an whiles aheid o' 
them : no like the Tories, whae were aye taiglin ahint, Hunter 
J. Inwick (1895I 98. Dmf. I'll taigle at e'en i' your neuks nae mair, 
Reid Poems (1894) 161. Gall. (W.G.), n.Cy. (Hall.), w.Yks.2 

4. sb. A hindrance, delay ; that which causes it. Cld. 

TAIGSUM, ao>-. Sc. (Jam. S;(/'/'/.) [te'gssm.] Hinder- 
some, tedious, wearisome, ' taiglesome.' 

TAIKEN, see Token. 

TAIKIN, sA. Cai.' [te'kin.j A kind of cloth, ticking. 

TAIKNE, see Tackne. 

TAIL, sb. and v. Var. dial, and colloq. uses in Sc. Irel. 
and Eng. Also in forms taail Brks.' LW.'=; tahilWor.; 
teal Sc. ;_teale Cum.; teal s.Chs.' ; toyle w.Cy. ; tyel 
Wxf ' [tel, teal, tial.] 1. sb. Obs. The posteriors ; the 

Sc. Quo' she, I've fa'n upon a shift. And scratched her tail, 
Pennecuik Coll. (1787) II. Lnk. No say [so] much judgment as 
to wyse the wind frae her tail, but lute it gang afore Ibuks, Gra- 
ham IVnlings (1883) II. 28. Edb. Erst you've hain'd my tail Frae 
wind and weet, frae snaw and hail, Fergusson Poems (1773) 199, 
ed. 1785. 

2. The train of a robe, &c. ; pi. the bottom of a skirt. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; If he had seen a prelate's mitre upon his head, and 
their side robes upon him, with some bearing up their tails. Kirk- 
ton C/i. Hist. (1817) 116. Sh.I. ' Juist view ye mi tails. . . See ! ' 
shil said, as shil took da blade o' a auld table knife ta scrape atf da 
gutter, SI). News (Dec. 4, 1897). Cai.' Lnk. Three-story flounces 
o' silk roun' yer tails, Watson Poems (1853) 46. Slk. Yowe an' 
me's had to buckle up oor tails an' milk the kye at nicht, instead 
o' din kin' oor hair, an'gaun to dancin' schules,THo.MSON Drntnmel- 
dale ( 1901) 78. 

3. A woman's skirt. 

Oxf.' MS. add., Glo. (F.P.T.) Wil.' Hev'ee got ar' a ould taail 
to gie I, Miss? Soui. I should be glad of an old tail (L K.L.). 
sw.Dev. Can "ee give me an old black tail, m' lady? (J.S.) 




4. A retinue ; a following. 

Sc. 'Ah, if yon Saxon Duinhe-wassel saw but the chief himself 
with his tail on ! ' ' With his tail on ? ' echoed Edward in some 
surprise. 'Yes — that is, with his usual followers, when he visits 
those of the same rank,' Scott Wavciley (1814') xvi. n.Sc. (Jam.) 
w.Sc. We must have the school packed with our people before he 
can bring up his tail, Macdonald Scltleiiicnl (1869) 25, ed. 1877. 

n.Lin.' When cums to a parish meetin'shealus brings a long 

taail ahint him. 

5. The hind part of a cart, harrow, plough, &c. ; one of 
the handles of a plough. 

Abd. Wily craws fae the dawn to dark At the harrow tail are 
flittin', Murray Hatiiewtth (igoo) 3. nLin.' s.Wor. Often the 
plough is set and let go, and the ploughman does not ' foller 
the tahils' but walks among the stubble and leaves the plough to 
itself (H.K.). Shr.i Brks. The uncouth instrument itself, the 
strong, patient man at the ' tail,' as he would call it, Spectator 
(Oct. 18, 1902^ 563. w.Som.i 

6. Of a ship : the rear, stern. 

Ayr. As the tide was in our tail . . . we streekit a' our claith, 
laid our best strength on the lang oars, Ainslie Land 0/ Burns 
(ed. 1892) 127. 

7. A fish. 

Sh.I. Fir every tail 'at wis captered a score escaped, Ollason 
Marcel (1901) 63. 

8. Obs. A horse-leech. 

Gall. Horse-leeches . . . wont, like the others, fall off, but con- 
tinue sucking so long as they can get a drop of blood, while the 
life-stream flows out of their nether end, whence the name 
' towals ' or ' tails,' leeches at either end, Mactaggart Eiuycl. 
(1824') 229, ed. 1876. 

9. pi. Inferior sheep drafted from a flock. 

Sc. The lambs, dinmonts, or wethers, drafted out of the fat or 
young stock, are sheddings, tails, or drafts, Stephens Farm Bk. 
(ed. 1849) I. 213. 

10. pi. Onion leaves. Sc. Garden Wk. (1896) No. cvi. 136. 

11. The stalk of a mushroom. Brks. A^. dr' Q. (1880) 6th 
S. i. 499. 12. The end of a portion of time. 

Sc. (Jam.), Cai.' Abd. They're to be marriet i'the tail o'hairst, 
Alexander Ain Flk. (1882) 157. Frf. In the tail o' the day I 
says, Barrie Minister (1891) xlii. Edb. It's wearin On now to 
the tail o' May, Fergusson Poems (1773) 109, ed. 1785. Nhb.' 
Tail o' the week. 
13. The water which has run beneath the wheel of a 
water-mill ; the channel conveying the water from the 
wheel. n.Lin.^ w.Som.' 14. Of a field : the lower end. 
Cai.' 15. A weaving term : a number of cords extended 
over the pulleys in the harness-box, connecting the 
'simple' with the yarn. 

Rnf. Making our mounting, tail and tapwark To operate weel, 
Webster Rliymes (1835) 152. Lnk. Lang may the tail and 
harness-box Support the nation, M'Indoe Poems (1805) 12. 
16. Obs. A mining term : the waste tin that falls hind- 
most in the ' buddle.' Wal. Ray (1691). 17. A kind of 
wooden lever at the back of a windmill. 

Nrf. ' I shall have to start that mill off.' I went and got hold of 
the rope and pulled the gripe up, and made that fast round the 
tail so that wouldn't jerk her off, Emerson Sou of Fens (1892) 336. 

18. The lighterpartof grain; small refuse grain; 'seconds' 
of flour; the awns of grain. Cf tailinfg, 3. 

Cai.i, Ayr. (Jam., s.v. Tail-meal), Lei.', se.Wor.*, Brks. 
(W.H.E.), Brks.i Hrt. Ellis Mod. Hiisb. (1750) VI. iii. 71. 
e.Suf. (F.H.) Sur.' There's pretty nigh as much tail as head 
corn this season. Hmp. There's three sacks o' tail as 'ull do for 
chicken's victuals (W.H.E.). Wil.' 

19. pi. Hay left in the field after the bulk is harvested. 
e.Lan.* 20. Comb, (i) Tail-band or -been, a crupper; 
(2) -barley, refuse inferior barley ; (3) -binder, a long 
stone in a building which rests upon the corner stone, and 
extends for some distance over the course of stones that it 
is level with, in order to strengthen the wall ; (4) •bottom, 
the bottom bar in a cart-tail; (5) -box, a part of a wind- 
mill; see below; (6) corn, the inferior part of corn, ^f«. 
consumed at home or given to poultry ; (7) -crab, the 
capstan on which the spare rope of a crab is wound ; (8) 
•cratch, the rack at the back of a wagon for holding hay, 
&c. ; (9) •door, the door or lid at the back of a wagon, cart, 
&c. ; (10) -end, (a) the latter part of anything; the end, 


termination ; the residue after the best portion has been 
taken away ; (A) the shallow end of a pool of water; (c) 
the finishing end of a piece of silk, cloth, &:c. ; (11) -ender, 
a term of contempt for one who is habitually late in 
everything he undertakes; (12) •ends, see 16); (13I •goit, 
the channel which conveys the water from a mill; (14) 
•head, the root of the tail; (15) .ill, a disease of a cow's 
tail ; (16) -ladder, a framework afifixed to the end of a 
wagon to increase its length; (17) -meal, see (6); (18) 
•net, the herring-net first 'shot,' and therefore the one 
farthest from the boat ; (19) -pipe, (a) a mining term : the 
suction-pipe of a pump ; {b) to tie a tin or other rattling 
thing to a dog's tail, and then turn it loose ; (20) •pole, the 
pole which joins together the front and back wheels of a 
wagon underneath ; (21) -race, the current of water in its 
passage from a inill ; (22) -rackle, incontinent; (23) 
-rageous, lustful ; (24) -rope, a mining term : the rope by 
which the empty set of tubs are drawn back into a mine ; 
(25) -rot, see (15); (26) •seed, small poor seed; (27) 
•shot, the outer skin of the tail of a mouse, rat, &c., freq. 
left in traps ; (28) -shotten or •shotten-soker, (29) -slip, 
see (15) ; (30) -slough, see (27); (31) -soak, see (15) ; (32) 
-soaken, of heifers : having the 'tail-soak'; (33) -teukit, 
having the tail or handle of the wool-card tacked on with 
tacks; (34) -toddle, conjugal rights ; (35) -top, the swingle 
or short stick of a flail ; (36) -water, see (21) ; (37) -wheat, 
see (6) ; (38) •wind, of reaping: see below ; (39) •worm, 
see (15). 

(i) Wxf.i, n.Cy. (Hall. "I, Dur.>, e.Yks.> w.Yks." He click'd 
hod o' t'mane wi' ya hand, an tailband wi' t'other, ii. 303. 
ne.Lan.i, n.Lin.' (2j Hrf.', w.Som.' (3) w.Yks.' (4) w.Yks. 
(J.J.B.) (5) Som. Her foot was upon the ladder to ascend into 
the tail-box — one part of that revolving dome at the head of a 
stone mill by which the sails are brought to face an ever-shifting 
wind, Raymond Smoke. 23. (6) Not.', Lei.', Nhp.', Hnt. (T.P.F.), 
w.Som.', Cor.' (7) Nhb.' Nlib., Dur. Nicholson Coal Tr. Gl. 
(ed. 1888). (8) w.Wor.i, Hrf.2 (9) se.Lin. (J.T.B.) (10, n) Frf. 
And in the tail-end they went thegither to look for one, Barrie 
Tommy (1896) x. Don. The short an' the long, an' the tail-end 
of all, was that she talked over Padh's mother, Macmanus Bend of 
Road (1898) 208. Nhb.' e.Yks.' Tail-end o' cart. Tail-end o' 
week. w.Yks. (J.W.), Chs.', se.Wor.' w.Som.' I baint gwain 
to take the tail-end arter he've a-zold all the best. (A) Nhb.' 
Nhb., Dur. Nicholson Coal Tr. Gl. (ed. i888\ (<r) w.Yks. (J.M.), 
(S.A.B.) (II) Lakel.'' (121 ne.Lan.', Chs.» s.Chs.' A name 
applied to the small and inferior grains blown to the outside of 
the corn-heap in winnowing with a fan. Lin.', n.Lin.', sw.Lin.', 
Lei.', Nhp.' 2, 'War.* Shr.' Jim, bring the blind sieve full o' tail- 
ends fur the fowls; Shr.^ Glo. Grose (1790); GIo.', Hmp.', 
I.W.' Wil. Britton Beauties (1825) ; Wil.' (13) w.Yks.* (14') 
Cum. ' Nicked at tSale-heed,' said of an animal enormously fat 
(J.Ar.). Wm. Lost, — Three ewes and two lambs. I. P. on horn, 
pop far hook and near shoulder ; ewes marked across tail-head, 
Wm. Gazette (Oct. 12, 1901) 5, col. 3. [The first point handled 
is the tail-head, Stephens Farm Bk. (ed. 1849) IL 141.] (15) Sc. 
Stephens Farm Bk. (ed. 1849) I. 520. Lth. Cured by letting 
blood in the part affected (Jam.). Gall. When a cow takes the 
tail-ill, or is elfshot, these females are sent for to cure them, Mac- 
taggart Eticycl. (1824) 500, ed. 1876. (16) Glo.' (s.v. Raves). 
w.Mid. It is removable at will (W.P.M.). (17) Ayr. Made of the 
tails or points of the grains. As these are first broken off in 
milling, they are separated from the body or middle part, which 
is always the best (Jam.). (18) Bnfif.' (19, a) Nhb.' Nhb., Dur. 
Nicholson Coal Tr. Gl. (ed. 1888). (A) Som. (W.F.R.) w.Som.» 
Cats are sometimes served the same way. nw.Dev.', Cor.* (ao) 
Wil.' (s.v. Waggon). (21) Sc. Depones, that the refuse at the 
Gordon's mill field is discharged into the river by the tail-race of 
their mill. State Leslie ofPowis (1793) 164 (Jam., s.v. Race). (23) 
Wm. She's nin a bad sooart at boddum, but she's a bit tail rackle 
(B.K.). (23) n.Yks.2 (241 Nhb.' Nhb., Dur. Nicholson Coal 
Tr. Gl. (ed. 1888). (25) Sh.I. Ane of Arty's kye is gotten da 
tail rot, S/i. A'cas (July 14, 1900). (26) Ken. Tail-seed from my 
seed-mill. Young Annals Agric. (1784-1815) V. 114. (27) Lin.> 
(281 Chs.'* e.An.' The spinal marrow becomes so affected that 
the beast is unable to stand. (29) Sc. There is disease in it ; and 
it is called the tail-ill or tail slip, Stephens Farm Bk. (ed. 1849) 
I. 520. Lnk. A disease which cold sometimes brings upon cows — 
first appears in the end of the tail, by affecting it in such a manner 
that it seems soft to the touch. As the disease proceeds upwards, 




every joint has the appearance of being dislocated, Ure Hist. 
RulhergUn (1793) 191 (Jam.). (3°) Lin.', n.Lin.i (31), 
I.W.'2 w.Cy. Grose (1790). (32) s.Chs.' The lowest joint of 
the tail becomes loosened and softened, generally from lack of 
sufficient nourishment. -What do you think of my new heifer, 
George?' ' Well, hoo looks as ev hoo'd bin teel-soaken an' 
poverty-strucken through th' winter.' (33) Sh.I. ' Four-neukit, 
tail-teukit, an' teeth oot o' number.' A Guddik, the answer being 
wool-cards, Spence FlkLore (1899") 183. (34) Gall. Each noddle 
That scrimps his spouse o' her tail toddle, Lauderdale Poems 
(1796) 67. (35) e.An.i Norwich Merc. (Nov. 15, 1828). (36) 
w.Yks. It works immersed in the tail-water, so that no part of the 
fall is lost, Leeds Merc. Sitpfl. (Oct. i, i875\ in Peacock Gl. 
(1889) ; n.Lin.' (37) Rut.' To make the earn averages fair, 
you've a roight to tek the tail wheat an' not the best samples only. 
Lei.', Nhp.', War.^", s.War.', s.Wor. (H.K.I, s.Wor.', Hrf.12, 
GIo. (A.B.), Oxf.' (s.v. Tallin' whate), Hnt, (T.P.F.}, Sus.' Hnip. 
HoLLoWAY. w.Som.', Dev.3 (38) Lth. To shear wi' a tail-wind, 
to reap or cut the grain, not straight across the ridge but diagon- 
ally (Ja.m.\ (39) n.Sc. (lA.) Abd. The tail-worm is also cured 
by cutting off a few inches of the tail, which bleeds pretty freely, 
Agric. Siirv. 491 (ib.). n.Lin.' A disease to which cows that have 
recently calved are subject ; believed to be caused by a worm in 
the marrow of the tail. It is really paralysis following milk fever. 
Ignorant farriers not uncommonly make large cuts in the tail for 
the purpose of pulling out the worm, which they profess to show. 
1'he object extracted is a sinew. 

21. Phr. (i) neither tail nor horn, not a trace of; (2) 
proud as a doq with two tails, very proud indeed ; (3) tail 
on end, full of eagerness and expectation ; (4) — over end, 
(5) — over nose, topsy turvy, head over heels ; (6) — to tail, 
used in making exchanges, gen. of horses and cattle ; see 
below ; (7) to be a tail end on, to be an unpaid balance of 
an account on ; (8) to flea the tail, to draw near the conclu- 
sion of a piece of work ; (9) to get one's tail in the well, to 
get oneself entangled in some unpleasant business, affect- 
ing either character or interest ; (10) to have the wrong 
sow by /he tail, to wheedle the wrong person ; (11) to keep 
the tail in water, to prosper. 

(i) Arg. For weeks on end we saw them neither tail nor horn, 
as the saying goes, Munro Shoes of Fort. (1901) 316. (2) Cor. 
IV. Morning News (Apr. 22, 1902). (3) s.Hmp. But you're so tail- 
on-end, Vek.ney L. Lisle (1870) x.xvi. I.W.2 They be all taail-on- 
end vor't. Dor.', Cor. '2 (4) e.Yks.' n.Lin.' He tum'l'd taail 
oher end doon th' stee. (5) Cor. I seed stars 'nough to fill a new 
sky, . . an' I went down tail over nose, Phillpotts Prophets 
(1897) an. (6' w.Som.' The precise meaning is even-handed— i.e. 
without any payment or other adjustment of value in the animals 
or things 'rapped.' 'Mr. Baker chopped way me vor this here 
'oss vor a cow and calve what I turned into fair. We was ever so 
long dalin, 'cause he wanted to turn 'em tail to tail ; but I wadn 
gwain to chop way he 'thout drawin' o' money ; and come to 
last I made a sovereign [suuvreen] out o' un.' (7) Wm. He could 
nivver shear his awn rig, iher was alius a tail end on owder t'rent, 
er t'public-hoose, er someway ! B.K.). (8) w.Yks.' (9) Sc. (Jam.) 
(10) Slk. I've had the wrang sow by the teal, Hogg Poems (ed. 
i865> 37a. (11) w.Yks.' Let what will happen, hee's seuie to 
kecp't tail i' t' waiter, ii. 305. 

22. V. To cut off" or dock the tail of an animal ; to cut off 

the roots of turnips. Cf top and tail, s.v. Top, 19 (2). 

e.An.i (s.v. Top and Tail). w.Som.' I always tails my lambs to 
21X weeks old. 

^^' )y',w "^' '° ^° '^^s ; '° diminish ; to lose ground. 
n ^c-.y^'T'o"^' ^•'•^■' ^*"' •^"' "'=" 'ha con tail off a bit, 
Clecc Sielches (1895) 40. Midi. All on 'cm a hundred yards ahind 

!88*"'war a """^ '''"' "' "''"' ^'"'^^'"•' ^">P'' <>f Clopton (1897) 

24. With in : to join in. 

nh^H., 'aJ ■ Vn ^" 'of"^ '*'' '" somewhere in the chowrusses, 
aittckw. Mag. (Dec. 1861) 712. 

the •ri?,td°iea\.eXther'° '^°'"'^ '■°"^^"' '° ^ P^^'"^"" ""^ 

A.^coJ'A-^rj'ed.'IU 9^'" ""''' ""■' "'" "" "'^■^ '' ^""'' 
26. With up: to flow back. 

Sor.i The buster under the road is not big enough to take the 
/atcr, it tails up on to my land. =nougn to take the 

27. To make an even exchange of animals. 
TAILIE, SCO Tailyie. 


TAILIN(G, sb. and ppl adj. Yks. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Wor. Shr. Glo. Oxf. Brks. Hmp. LW. Wil. Dor. Som. 
Cor. Aus. Also in forms taailin Brks.' ; taailun LW.' ; 
tailen Wil.' Dor.' 1. sb. The latter part ; the end ; also 
in pi. 

Wor. It is better to have the frost now [in December] than the 
tailings in May (E.S.). 

2. "The outer edges of a fleece of wool ; the dirty wool 
shorn off' from around the tail of sheep. w.Yks. (J.M.), 
w.Som.' 3. Refuse inferior corn; 'hinder-ends'; gen. 
in pi. Cf tail, 13. 

So. (A.W.),L:n.',n Lin.', sw.Lin.l, Lei.', Nhp.'^, War.3, s.Wor. 
(H. K.),Shr.' Glo. When light corn or ' tailing' is given to the horses, 
an additional quantity is allowed them to make up for its lightness, 
Morton Farm (1832) 19; Glo.', Brks.', Hmp.', LW.', 'Wil.', Dor.i 
Som. Ef yo keps um alius on tailin, skim and swipes, Agrikler 
Rhymes {1812) 57. w.Som.t Never zeed whait turn out better; 
there wadn nit a bushel o' tailing in all thick there gurt rick. 

Hence (i) Tailing-flour, sb. the 'seconds' of flour. 
Wil.' ; (2) Tailing- wheat, sb. inferior wheat. Oxf J, Wil.' 

4. //. A mining term : the poorest tin, the sweepings or 
refuse of ore. 

Cor."' [Aus. The boy . . . loved to be burrowing amongst old 
tailings, or groping in the sludge of an auriferous creek after little 
patches, Longman's Mag. (Sept. 1901) 394.] 

5. ppl. adj. Late, drawing towards the close. 

Wor. That was the tailing season when the strawberries began 
to get small (E.S.). 

TAILOR, sb. and v. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Chs. 
Wal. Not. Nhp. Shr. Oxf Lon. Som. Dev. Cor. Also 
written taylor Oxf ; and in forms tailder w.Som.' 
nw.Dev.' Cor.' ; taillier ne.Lan.' ; taillyer Sc. ; tailyer 
w.Yks.'; taylear Cum."; teeler s.Chs.'; teilwr Wal.; 
tyellior Nhb. [te'lalr ; te-lja(r.] 1. sb. In comb, (i) 
Tailor-blay, the bleak, Leucisais albitrmts ; (2) -body, 
used contemptuously for a tailor ; (3) -finish, the lesser 
redpole, Linota rufescens ; (4) -'s garters or -'s gartens, the 
ribbon-grass, Phalaris arundinacea variegata ; (5) -man, a 
tailor; (6) -'s mense, (a) a small portion left by way of 
good manners ; (b) tailors' cuttings ; (7) -'s needles or 
Tailors' needles, the shepherd's needle, Scandi.v Pecten- 
Veneris ; (8) -'snip, a pinch given to a person wearing new 
clothes for the first time ; (9) -tartan, the daddy-long- 
legs; (10) -'s yard or -yard-band, (n) the three stars forming 
the belt of Orion ; (b) tlie constellation Aquila. 

(i) Oxf. (G.O. ); Oxf.' I have caught nothing but a few taylor 
blays, MS. add. (2) Twd. Ye wee, sneck-drawin' tailor-body, 
wad ye set up your bit feckless face against a man o' place and 
siller? BucHAN Burnet (1898) 25. Nhb. The awkwardest o' a' 
awkward tailor-bodies an' prentice lads, Jones Nhb. (1871) 33. 
(3) Cum.* (4) Sc. (A.W.) ; Appleringie, speeriment, tailors' 
garters, and nancy-pretty, Wright Sir. Life (1897) 59. (5) Frf. 
The tailor-man an' his laddie . . . walkit off fair skeered one 
morning, Barrie Thrums (1889) xi. (6, a) N.Cy.' When a tailor 
works at his customer's house and has his meals there, he leaves 
a little food on his plate to show that he has had enough. This is 
called the tailor's mense, and has come to be applied to all food 
left on the plate. Nhb. 1, w.Yks.', ne.Lan.i (i) N.Cy.' (7) n.Dev. 
(B. & H.), Cor.'2 (8) w.Sc. His faither wad gar him get a guid 
taillyer's nip for his new troosers, Macdonald Sf^//f<«««/ (1869) 
27, cd. 1877. (9) Nhb. (R.O.H.) (10, a) Nhp.' The Tailor's Yard- 
band, which hangs streaming high, Clare Shep. Cat. (1827) 3; 
Nhp. 2, Shr.i (6) Som. (W.F.R.) 

2. A townsman, esp. one not used to horses. 

s.Not. A lot of tailors, from Nottingham. ' He ho'ds the reins 
like a tailor' (J.P.K.). 

3. The best man at a wedding. 

s.Wal. 'Madlen is to be my bridesmaid.and Ivor Parry will be the 
teilwr.' In olden times the man who made the wedding garments 
was always supposed to see his employer safely through the 
ceremony, hence the best man is still called the ' tailor,' Raine 
Torn Sails (1898) 42. 

4. The bleak, Leuciscus alburnus. 

Lon. All Thames anglers know that bleak are nick-named tailors, 
the general impression being that tlieyare good enough for tailors 
to eat, Fishing Gazette (Jan. 18, 1890) 32, col. i. 

6. A caterpillar. s.Chs.' 6. The water-spider, ^rpy- 
roneta aquatica. Cum." (s.v. Tom Tayleor). 7. pi. The 




shepherd's needle, Scaiidix Pedett-l'eiieiis. Cor.', e.Cor. 
(B. & H.) 8. V. To practise the trade of a tailor. 
w.Som.', nw.Dev.' 9. To shoot badly; to hit birds 
without stopping or killing them. 

Nhb. After that again the pheasants come wilder, an' gettin' 
flurried belike, he tailors them, Pease Tales ^1899"! 24. 

TAILYIE, sb. and v. Obs. or obsol. Also in forms 
tailie (Jam.) ; tailzie, talyee Sh.I.; telyie (Jam.). 1. sb. 
A cut, slice ; a large piece, esp. used of meat. 

Sc. (Jam.), Sh.I. {Coll. L.L.B.) Fif. Tliey denncr'd weel, wi' 
cheirfu' hearts. On tailyies fat and fine, Tennant Papistry (1827) 
185. Rnf. That devoiir'd a sonsy tailie. An' had a belly like a 
Bailie, Picken Poems (1813) I. 59. 

2. An entail. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; This Shaws-Castle here Tse warrant it flee up the 
chimney after the rest, were it not weel fastened down with your 
grandfather's tailzie, Scott SI. Ronan (1824) x; Like heirs of 
line or heirs of tailzies, Colvil IVhigs Supplication {ei. 1796) 1. 1293. 

3. V. To entail. Sc. (Jam.) 

[2. He seith to me he is the last in the tayle of his lyflode, 
the qweche is cccl. marke and better, Pas/on Letters (c. 
1449) I. 89.] 

TAIN, TAINlE, see Town, Tone, num. adj. 

TAING, TAINGS, see Tang, sb.^, Tongs. 

TAINT, V. and sb. Yks. Hrt. Hnt. e.An. Also in form 
tent Yks. [tent.] 1. v. Of wood : to decaj'. 

n.Yks. This wood is tented (I.W.). 

2. Obs. To infest. 

Hrt. Tainted with meece. Gossans Hist. Hit. (1879-81') III. 321. 

3. 56. A very dirty slut. e.An.' 4. A large protuberance 
on the top of a pollard tree. e.An.' Suf. cAti. N. &" Q. 
(1866) II. 325. 5. Obs. The glow-worm. Hrt. Ellis 
Sliep. Guide (1750) 306. 

TAIPIT, see Tabet. 

TAIRD,5i'. Obs. Sc. Also in forms terd Lnk. Lth. 
(Jam.); turd Bnff.' 1. A term of great contempt; applied 
to people and animals. Bnft'.', Lnk., w.Lth. (Jam.) 
2. A gibe, taunt ; sarcasm. 

Lth. He cast a taird i' my teeth (Jam.). 

TAIRDIE, TAIRENSIE, see Tardie, Tearansy. 

TAIRGE, TAIRGER, see Targe, Targe r. 

TAIS, see Tass(e. 

TAISCH, sb. Sc. [tej.] The voice of a person about 
to die; second sight. Cf. task, .sA.^ 

n.Sc.Some women . . . said to liim,they had heard two taischs, 
that is, two voices of persons about to die ; and what was 
remarkable, one of them was an English taisch, which the3' had 
never heard before, Boswell Jni. (1785) 150 (Jam). s.Sc. A 
second-sighted man had arrived in the glen conducted by the 
power of the taisch, Wilson Tales ;i836'i II. 247. 

[Gael, taibhs, taibhse, the shade of a departed person ; a 
vision, apparition, ghost (M. & D.).] 

TAISIE, see Tass(e. 

TAISSLE, V. and sb. Sc. Yks. Also in forms taisle 
Sc. Bnft".' ; taizle Yks. ; tassel Sc. ; tassell, tassle Sc. 
(Jam.) ; teasle Sc. (Jam.) Bnft'.' ; teazle Lth. (Jam.) [te'sl.] 

1. V. To entangle, twist; to toss, throw into disorder; 
to mix, jumble. 

Sc. Applied to the action of the wind when boisterous. ' I was 
sair taisslit wi' the wind ' (Jam.). Bnflf.' She teaslet the twa kynes 
o" woo through ither. Yks. Ah sawlhee floatin'byon thy rig [back] 
taizled like an ovvd tree, Baring-Gould Pciiiiyqcks. (1890) 141. 

2. With among or in : to handle overmuch. Bnft".', Cld. 
(Jam.) 3. To examine with such strictness as to puzzle 
the respondent ; to confuse, bewilder, perplex. 

Sc. He taisslit me sae wi' his questions, that I didna ken what 
to say (Jam.). Bnff.' Rxb. The leader of a party has need to 
keep his head clear and 3'ald, and doesna care to be taisled by a 
whale hantle o' fulish questions, Hamilton Outlaws (1897) 26. 

4. To tease, irritate, vex. 

Bnff.' Dinna teasle the bairn that wye. Lth. (Jam.) 

5. sb. The act of mixing or throwing into disorder ; a 
state of disorder. 

Sc. The effect of a boisterous wind, when the clothes are 
disordered (Jam.). Bnff.' The act of mixing; spoken mostly of 
fibrous substances, and followed by ' thcgeethir ' and ' through ithcr." 

6. With in or among: overmuch handling. Bnff.', Cld. 
(Jam.) 7. a puzzle; the act of puzzling. Sc. (Jam.) 
8. The act of vexing or teasing. Bnft.' 9. A severe 
brush or tussle of any kind. 

Sc. A sair taissle (Jam.) ; They got a sair day's tassel amongst 
these Ochil hills, Kikkton C/i. Ilist. (1817) 358. 

TAISTE, see Teistie. 

TAISTREL, sb. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Lakel. Yks. Lan. Also 
written taystrel Lake!.' w.Yks. ; and in forms taastril 
w.Yks. ; taistril(l Rxb. (Jam.) w.Dur.' Lakel.' w.Yks.' 
Lan.' s.Lan.'; tarestril w.Yks.'; tastrild n.Cy. n.Yks.'* 
ne.Yks.'m.Yks.'; teastrelne.Lan.'; teastril Lan.'s.Lan.'; 
teeasthril e.Yks.' ; testrel Wm. ; testril N.Cy.' w.Yks.; 
teystrill Nhb.; ? thistrill Yks. ; tyestral Nhb.'; tystrill 
Rxb. (Jam.) [testril, teastril.] 1. A passionate, violent, 
or sour-tempered person ; a good-for-nothing ; a rascal, 
scoundrel; a loose liver; a mischievous child; also used 

N.Cy.' Nhb. Smack at his uncle's jaws struck Ham. Doon went 
the teystrill sprawlin', RonsoN Evangeline (1870) 357; Nhb.', 
Dur.', e.Dur.', w.Dur.', LakeL"^ Cum. Hadn't he been a taistrel 
toboth?CAiNES/i«rf. Cn))»-(i885)56; Cum.'^i Wm. The testrels 
leev'd and lusted as usual, Hutton Bran New JVark (1785') 1. 224. 
Yks. T'two young thistrills were in a funk. Broad Yks. (1885) 44. 
n.Yks.' =3*, ne.Yks.', e.Yks.', m.Yks.' w.Yks. Aw wor alius to 
be fun amang th' warst taystrels i' th' district. Hartley Clock Aim. 
(1879)23; Banks IF/y7(/. JFrfs. (1865); Willak List Wds. {1811); 
w.Yks.' ii. 306 ; w.Yks.* Lan. Dick has often said he wur a 
taistril, Staton Looniinaty (c. 1861) 62 ; Lan.', n.Lan.', ne.Lan.', 
e.Lan.', s.Lan.' 

Hence Taistrilrig, sb. a mischievous, wicked person. 
w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Sttppl. (Oct. 22, 1898). 2. Obs. A 
light, wanton, dirty, or careless woman ; an idle slut. 

Rxb. Often applied to a girl who from carelessness tears her 
clothes (Jam.). n.Cy. (K.) 

TAISY, see Teasy. 

TAIT, .v6.' and i-.' Sc. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Also written taet Sc. (Jam.) S. & Ork.' N.Cy.' ; tate Sc. 
(Iam.) Cai.' N.Cy.' Nhb.'; and in forms teat Sc. Cum.'* 
■Wm. ; teate Cum. ; teatt Cum.' ; teeat Yks. ; teeht 
Cum.; tett Sc. ; tyet Nhb.' [tet, tiat] L sb. A piece 
of fluff" or down ; a lock of hair, wool, or other fibrous 
substance ; a truss of hay or corn. Cf tat, sb.*, taut, v.'^ 

Sc. A tait o' woo' would be scarce amang us . . . if ye shouldna 
hae that, and as gude a tweel as ever cam affa pirn, Scorr Guy 
Af. (1815) xxvi ; (Jam.); At ilka tett o' her horse's mane Hung 
fifty siller bells and nine, Scorr Minstrelsy (1802) IV. 117, ed. 
1848. S. & Ork.', Cai.' Bnff.' Commonly used of what is plucked. 
' The coo made oot t'pyoul awa a taitt o' corn a took oot o' 
the stathel.' Kcd. Bere an' aits in sheaves or taits, Weel haint 
the summer through, Grant Z,<7V5 (1884) 3. e.Fif. That's very 
bonny. Tammy my man— a bonny teat o' hair indeed, Latto Taitt 
Bodkin (1864) xiv. Ayr. Teats o' hay an' ripps o' corn. Burns 
Deat/i of Mailie, I. 34. Lnk. They often sent him . . . a ' wee tait 
o' hay," Fraser Whaiips (1895) vi. N.Cy.'; Nhb.' Cum. And 
wheyles I gat her teates o' hay, Anderson Ballads (ed. i8o8) 
197; (Hall.); Cum.''» Wm. Thoo's o' covered wi' teats frac 
heed ta fiut : whar's ta been ? (B.K.) n.Lan.' 

Hence (i)Tatelcck, a small matted lock of hair, wool, &c. 
Cld. (Jam.) ; (2) tate of glov, pin: a small sheaf of cleaned 
straw. Cai.' 2. An untidy head of hair. e.Yks. Marshall 
Riir. Econ. (1788). 3. A small quantity of anything. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; ' Barba bifurcata,' quhilk is divided in twa taits or 
parts, Skene Difficill IVds. (168O 59. Per. O' winter's snaw 
there's but a tale remainin', Haliburton Ochil Idylls {i8gi) 68. 
Fif. Expressions for small quantities— a tate, a curn, a stime, 
CoLViLLF. Veiitacular (1899) 18. Edb. Myjacket ... in thesleeves 
had retreated to a tait below the elbows, MoiR Mansie Waueh 
(1828) iv. Gall. Mactaggart F.itcycl. (1824) 223, ed. 1876. N.Cy.', 
Nhb.', Cum.'* Wm. ' Will ye hev some mair meat ? ' 'Ah'lljust 
hev t'least lal teat ye can tliink on, thenk ye' (B.K.). 

4. V. To pull or pluck any fibrous substance in small 
quantities. Bnff.' He taittit the hair oot o's hehd. w.Sc.(Jam.) 
ilence Teated, ppl. adf matted, uncombed. 
Cum. Frowzy beard and visage wan, Teated locks and garments 
tattcr'd, Stagg Misc. Poems ^ed. 1807) 24 ; Cum.'* 

[1. Tzie, fibra, Levins Manip. (1570). Cp. Iccl. lata, 
shreds (Vigfusson).] 




TAIT, V? and sb? w.Cy. Dor. Som. Also written tate 
w.Cy. [tait.] 1. V. To tilt ; to overturn. w.Cy. (Hall.) 

2. To play at see-saw. Dor.' We did talt upon a plank, 62. 

3. sb. A game of see-saw. 

Dor.' Then we went an' had a t4it, 61. Scm. She had a tait 
upon that stool, Raymond Love and Quiet Life (.1894) 205. 

TAIT sb? W.Cy. [Not known to our correspondents.] 
The top'of a hill. (Hall.) [.' Fr. tele, head.] 

TAIT, V? Wor. 1. To lift up, raise; to get into a 
high position. 

s.Wor. 'E dooes look tailed up [of one on a high horse, ladder, 
or treel. To a child it would be said, ' Doan't ee get a taitin' a top 
o' thot lather ' ^H.K.). 
2. To shake about ; to stir, toss about. 

If cows get amongst hay or straw and ricks themselves it would 
be said, ' Thahy caows 'em a got i' the rick-yard agen an' 'a bin a 
tailing an' to'lin it about' \ib.) ; 'Goo an' tail thot 'ahy aboula bit.' 
Said of hay in cocks or close together when it wants raising, 
shaking, and lightening up (ib.). 
8. With o^or up : to dress up smartly. 

I sin 'em goo by. but jes' gad, 'em wuz tailed up surely {ib.), 

TAIT, int. Nhb.' [tet.] An e.xclamation of remon- 
strance. 'Tail ! man alive, ye manna de that.' 

TAITH, TAIVE, see Tath'e, Tave, v.'^ 

TAI'VER, V. and sb. Sc. Also in forms tavar, taver. 
[ti'var.] 1. V. To wander ; to delay. (Jam.) 

Rnf. I kenna hoo I hae patience wi' him when he tavers at een 
here. Gilmol-r Pai^lty Weavers (1876) 6. 

Hence (i) Taiversum, adj. tedious, fatiguing; (2) 
Taivert./'/'/.nrf/'. wandering, exhausted with work, fatigued. 

( i) Sc. Jam.' (2 Sc. For e'en's a bit taiverl bird frae the west 
shot atowre, Waddell /5<iiV?/i 118791 xvi. 2. 

2. To talk idly, foolishly, or wildly ; to rave. Sc. (Jam.) 
Hence Taivert, ppl. adj. (i) idle, foolish, senseless, 

half-witted, raving ; (2) stupefied with drink, intoxicated. 
(i) w.Sc. (Jam.) Drab. Keep thought for things o' sense and 
lair, And ne'er on taivert clash its treasures ware, Salmon 
Gowoeieafi (1868;. 12. Ayr. A taivert tawpie, wi' her hair hingin' 
doon her back in pennyworths, clashes a gowpenfu' o' glaur in her 
Jo's face. Service A'olnnciiiins (18901 73; 1 wouldna trust the 
judgment . . . o' that tavart body Gibby Omit, Galt Entail (1823) 
xviii. Gall. He had a wild lavert look, Crockett Banner 0/ Blue 
(190a) X. (2, Ayr. Ye wouldna hae me surely, Mr. Nettle, to sit 
till I'm tavert ? I fin' the wine rinnin in my head already, Galt Sir 
A. Jl'ylie . 1822; x.\viii. 

3. sb. pi. Wild, raving words. 

Sc. My auntie wi' her taivers gansell'd ye cot o't, Ochiltree 
Redburii (1895) x. 

4. //. Rags, tatters, tears. 

Sc. They'd dung themsels to taivers, Drummond Muckoiiiacliy 
(1846 58; Jam.) 

Hence Taivert, ///. adj. overboiled ; boiled to rags. 
Twd., Slk. (Jam.i 

TAIZIE, TAIZLE, see Tass(e, Taissle. 

TAKiE, see Tack, sb.'' 

TAKE, V. and sb. Var. dial, and colloq. uses in Sc. 
Irel. Kng. Amcr. and Aus. [tek. tiak ; tak, tek ; te, ti.] 

I. V. Gram, forms. 1. Preseiil Tense: (i)Ta, (2)Taake, 
(3iTaayke, (4) Tack, (5) Tae, 16) Taen, (7) Taigh, (8) 
Taik, (9) Taiuk, (10) Tak, (11) Tay, (12) Teak, (13) 
Teake, (i4iTeayk, (151 Teck, (16) Tee, (17) Teeak, (18) 
Tek, (19) Tey, (20) Teyk, (211 ?Theayk, (22) Tik, (23) 
?Toon, (24) Ty, (25) Tyek. [For further examples see II 

(i) w.Ylcs. Ta it wi the'h. Basks JVkJld. Wds. (1865"! ; w.Yks.> Ta 
that, and be off; w.Yks.'s, r.eLan.', e.Lan.", Clis.^. Der.'^, nw.Der.' 
(a I Wxf.' Taake heed. n.Lin.', s.Wor. U.K. ) Dev. Phillpotts 
Sinking Hours tigoi) 162. (3) Brks.' (4) Sc. (Jam.), Bnff.', 
N.Cy.', Dur.i Cum. An' I mcd tack my kick amango' thereabout 
GiLris Ballads : 1874) 77. Wm. Aad twa three lile cheeses ta 
Uck la aald Aggy Birkclt, Sf:cc. Dial. (1885) pt. iii. 5. n.Yks. 

i!;^'' ..*■*'"• '^'' ^™P ^'°'^'"' ""^'''" y" P'?s tiv a feyn markit, 
Wrav Afs/Woii 1876 209; w.Yks."5,Ctis.23^ stf.i,Der.l,Nhp.» 
Oxf.' MS. add. (5 , Nhb. Taein soun brass ool o' his pouch' Jones 
Nhb. (1871; 65. Yks. Tae it out, Howitt Hope on (18401 viii 
e.Lan.', s.Lan.' Chs. Oud Peler, iii. Der.s Not. Tae ode 
(J.H.B.). Shr." Tell Sal to lac some bread an' cheese to the owd 
mon. (6; Gall. MACTAGCART£Hr)'f/.(i824). (7) (8) Ess. 

DowNE Ballads (1895) 41. (g) Ken. (G.B.) (10) Sc. (Jam.), 
S. & Ork.', Cai.' Abd. Aw'U tak' the siller, Alexander yo/jH«_y 
Gibb 1,1871) i. Ayr. To tak me frae iny mammie, Burns Oure 
Young, St. I. Wgt. They sa3' it laks a lang spune tae sup wi' the 
deevil, Saxon Gall. Gosiip (18781 51. N.I.", n.Cy. lE.K.) Nhb. 
Sae don 3-our plaid an' tak your gad, Coquet Dale Sngs. 1,1852) 59. 
w.Dur.', Lakel.'2, Cum.i" Wm. Let us give and tak, Hutton 
Bran New IVark (1785) 1. 478. n.Yks.l^* ne.Yks.i Tak ho'd 
ont. e.Yks.i m.Yks.l Iiitrod. 42. w.Yks.^, Lan.', n.Lan.', 
ne.Lan.', e.Lan.', s.Lan.l, Chs.", s.Chs." s.Stf. Pinnock Blk. Cy. 
Ann. 11895). Der.2, nw.Der.', Not. (LC.M.), n.Lin.', sw.Lin.> 
Shr.' Tell John to tak the bottle to the fild. Sur. It's tlie traade 
loafers laks to, Bickley Sur. Hills (1890, I. xiii. Hmp. 1 H.R.) 
Dev. FoRO Postle Farm (1899) 142. (11) w.Yks.l Tay hod on't. 
Lan.', s.Lan.', Chs.' ^3, s.Chs.' Shr.^ "Tay hout on it wunne? 
(12) Cum.' Wm. Caan't teak a plain order? 'Ward Elsmere 
(1888) bk. L iii. (13) Sc. Murray Dial. (1873) 208. Dor. To 
teake the bread from our mouths. Hare As IFe Sow (1897) 122. 
Som. Teake a drop mwore water, Raymond Good Souls iigoi) 
318. Dev. Te-ake es Iha voxes, Baird Sng. Sol. (i86oi ii. 15. 

(14) Nhb. He might teayk a fancy tiv us, Robson Bk. Ruth (i860) 
ii. 2. (i5j Cum. Him wad I gladly teck, Rayson Ballads (1858) 

4. Lan. Acerington Obs. (Feb. 2, 1895). n.Lan." l,s.v. Tean). 
(16) Chs." (17) w.Dur." n.Yks. Tha teeak trew pains, Castillo 
Poems (,1878) 57. (18) Cum." e.Yks. Flit & Ko Reel of No. S, 
38. Lan. Kendal Nans (Mar. 23, 1889). Der. I'ld tek el very 
kindly, mam, Gilchrist Peakland (1897) 4. Not. Tek my word 
for it. Prior Rtnie (1895) 177. n Lin.', Lei.", War.^ Brks. 
When you teks your wages, Hayden Round our Vill. (igoj) 28. 
Dor. Let us . . . tek a walk, Windsor Mag. (,Mar. 1900) 420. 
e.Dev. Tek yer aies away vrom me, Pulman Sng. Sol. (i860) vi. 

5. (19) s.Lan." (20) Nhb. Teyk heed, RoBSON iry«;ij'f/mf (1870) 
Introd. 8. (2i) Nhb. Thou theayks a vast oh caaling on, Bewick 
/"(i/fs (1850) 12. 1^22) Dor. Tik ut, my bwoy, tik ut, Agnus /«« 
O.xber \igoo) 59. (23) Yks. Bookfolk tooneth naw heed o' what 
we do, Blackmore Mary Anerley {\^ig] s^vW. (24) Lan. He 'ur 
to tyth Hoyde [to take the Hide], Tim Bobbin Vie-w Dial. (ed. 
1808) 19. (25) Nhb. Thre bonny Sodgers, canna tyek a buzzum 
maker, Dixon Whitlingham \'ale 11895) 2,19; Nhb." 

2. Prcleiite: (i) Taaike, (2) Tack, (3) Tade, (4) Taed, 
(5) Taen, (6) Taid, (7) Tak, (8) Take, (9) Taked, (10) 
Taken, (11) Tane, (12) Tayed, (13) Tayk, (14) Teaak, 

(15) Teak(k, (16) Teeak, (17) Teeak'd, (18) Tek, (19) 
Teuk, (20) Teuk't, (21) Tewk, (22) Tik, (23) Tock, (24) 
Toke, (25) Tooked, (26) Tooken, (27) Tuck, (28) Tuik, 
(29) Tuk, (30) Tuke, (31) Tyak, (32) Tyuk. 

(i) w.Yks. I went back I'next day and taaike a pair o' pincers 
wi' me, Lucas Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882) 73. (2) n.Lan. Her ald'st 
dowlerfandil,an tack off wi't, Morris Si>i;-ro'iJioH'/oi;( 1867) 5. (3) 
w.Yks. They tade him aht at waiter, To.m Treddlehoyle Bairnsla 
^H«. (1847) 51. Shr.2 Tade him whoam. (4) w.Yks.3, Shr."/;(/)W. 
55. (5) Frf. 'WiLLOCK Roselty Ends (i886) 63, ed. 1889. Gall. 
(A.W.) n.Ir. We taen him intil the hoose, Lyttle Paddy 
McQuillan. 92. (6) w.Yks. As if he taid hizsen for sumbody else, 
Dewsbre Ohn. (1866) 5. s.Chs." 85. (7) Wm. She picked up the 
bits as he let 'em fall and tak 'em down, Rawnsley^ch//;!. IVords- 
umih (i88^). w.Yks. Leeds Mere. Suppl. (Oct. 29, 1898). (8) 
w.Yks. After some scruples he consented, an' take it home. Cud- 
worth ZJm/. 5fe<<:/<f5 (1884) 27. (9) Shr.2 (10) Nhp." I taken it. 
War.2 I taken the horse to be shod, isterday. Hrf.' I taken it 
away ; Hrf.^ [Amer. Carruth Kansas Univ. Quar. (Oct. 1892).] 
(11) Fif. My first visit . . . tane place. Latto Tarn Bodkin (1864) ii. 
w.Yks. (J. W.I, Not." Lei." Ah tane 'im. (12) Yks. Deeame tayed it 
varry milch ti heart, Fetherston T. Goorkrodgcr (1870) 17, in 
LeedsMerc. Suppl. (Oct. 22, 1898). (13) Wm. (E.W.P.) (r4)Cum. 
Sargisson yof Sroa/) (1881) 3. (15) Cum.", n.Yks. (I.W.) w.Yks. 
Heeame he wistlin' teak his way, Inoi-EDKW Ballads (1860; 261. 
n.Lan. He teak an aid man up for stealing em. A'. Lonsdale Mag. 
(Jan. 1867) 270. (16) Cum. Gilpin finZ/nrfi I 1874) 2i6. n.Yks.*, 
ne.Yks." (17) e.Yks. A sparro'-hawk . .. teeak'd lahtle thing 
away iv his claws, Wray Ntstlelon (1876) 85. (181 ni.Yks." 
Introd. 42. (19) Bnff. Syne a hearty drink we teuk. Taylor 
Poems (1787)64. Nhb. She teuk the lead, Bewick Tales (1850) 
14; Nhb.', Cum.3 I. Wm. Teuk the alarm, Whitehead Leg. 
(1859) 7. n.Yks. 2, ne.Yks." 35, e.Yks.", m.Yks." Introd. 43. 
w.Yks." He teuk 'em . . . for round bits o' leather, ii. 300. (20) 
Cum. Dickinson Lamplugh (1856) 5. (21) e.Yks. He tewk 
off his hat, Nicholson Flk. Sp. (1889) 36. (22) m.Yks." Introd. 
42. (23) Cum. 3 I tock her seaf heam, 39. (24) Cum. Thatokean 
yilp like mice, N. Lonsdale Mag. (Feb. 1867) 312. Shr.2 (s.v. 




Qiioke\ (25 Dor. I be main glad as us tookt the babe to chu'ch, 
Hare Diita/i Ke//ow {igoi) 22. w.Som.' Dev. 'Twas for tlie lad 
her tookcd the money, Zack On Trial (1899) 247. Cor. The 
gentlefolks corned after lier . . . and tooked herofT, Haring-Goui.d 
Gavcrocks (1887) iii. (26) e.Dev. He tooken olT his coat, Jane 
Lordship {iSg-}) 21. (27) Ir. I tuck liis horse, Pnddidiia (ed. 
1848) I. 60. War. (J.R.W.), Ess.> (28) Sc. Murray Dial. 
(1873) 208. Nhb. He tiv whiskey tuik, Oliver Local Sags. 
(1824) 7; Nhb.' Cum. Tap Caldew tuik my way, Anderson 
Ballads (1805) 66. (29) n.Ir. A gruppit my hat an' tuk oot, Lyttle 
Paddy McQuillan, 4g. w.Ir. He tuk up the goose, Lover Leg. 
(1848) 1. ~io. Cum. Farrall Bcfly Wilson 1,1876) 3. w.Yks. 
Hartley Clock Aim. (18961 7. Lan. T'vvalk she tuk, Harland 
& Wilkinson /"/*-Z.o)f (1867 : 60. s.Lan.' Der. Gilchrist Pcai- 
land (1897) 165. Brks. Hughes Scour. While Horse (1859) vi. 
Cor. We tuk en to church, • Q. ' Tlircc Ships (ed. 1892) 71. (30) 
Sc. (Jah.\ Dur.', n.Yks. iI.W.), w.Yks.'s (31) Wm. Yesterday 
he tj'ak his bed, Carey Herriofs Choice (1879) \\. xii. (32) Nhb.' 

3. Pp.: (i) Taan, (2) Taed, (3) Taen, (4) Taend, (5) 
Tain, (6) Takken, {7) Tan, (8) Tane, (9) Taned, (10) 
T-ayn, (11) Tean(n, (12) Teane, (13) Teean(n, (141 Teenn, 
(15) Tekken, (16) Teiin, (17) Tocken, {18) Ton, (19) 
Tooan, 120) Took, (21) Tooked, (22) Tooken, (23) Tuck, 
(24) Tuk, (25) Tuke, (26) Tukkan, (27) Tune, (28) Tyen. 
(i) Cum. HuTtON Bran New Wark (1785) 1. 293. w.Yks.' Sud 
they be taan nappin by't owerlooker, ii. 305. (2) Sbr.^Jnlrod. 55. 
(3! Sc. (Jam.), Cai.' Abd. As muckle again as I've ta'cn, Alex- 
ander yo/njiy Gibb (1871) V. Slk. Ye hae taen guid care o' iier, 
Thomson Z))-H<H<»<'Wn/f(i9oi) I r. N.I.' Nhb. He's ... wivhim's 
taen maist aw greet folk, Oliver Local Sngs. (1824) 6. Wm. 
Wheeler Dial. (1790) 113, ed. 1821. n.Yks.'* ne.Yks.' Ah've 
ta'en it. eYks.' m.Yks.' Jnlrod. 42. w.Yks.' ^5^ ne.Lan.', 
e.Lan.', s.Lan.', Chs.', Not.', n.Lin.', sw.Lin.', Kut.' Nhp.' The 
child was ta'en ill, so I ta'en it home. Shr.' They'n taen that 
cowtout o' the leasow, I see. (4'i Gall. MACTAGGARTfiig'f/. (1824). 
(5) m.Yks.' Inlrod. 42. w.Yks, Tain aht a these humble circum- 
stances, Shevvild Ann. (1851) 6. Chs.=, Not.', Lin.' (6) Wm. 
HuTTON Bran New Wark {i-]?!^^ 1. 302. n.Yks.' ^■•, e.Yks.', s.Lan.' 
I. Ma. Nora was that tak'n aback, Rydings Tales 11895) 35. Dev. 
Longman's Mag, (Feb. 1899^ 335. (7) Sc. (Jam. Siipfl., s.v. Ton). 
ne.Lan.', e.Lan. ', s.Lan. 1 Chs. Hasta tan aw tlia wants! Clough B. 
Bressii/lle {i8-]g) 14. (8)Sc.(Jam.) Or.I. To be tane and hangit be 
the craige quhill he die, Peterkin Notes (1822) App. 33. Abd. 
He's tane the lassie by the hand, Kinloch Ballad Bk. 1,1827) g, 
ed. 1868. Cum. Dickie's tane leave at lord and master, Gilpin 
Ballads (1874) 92. w.Yks.', Chs.2, Der.', nw.Der.', Not.', Rut.', 
Lei.', War.^, Shr.' (9) Sc. The runner places his hand upon their 
heads when they are said to be taned. The game is continued 
till all are taned, Chambers Pop. Rhymes (ed. 1870) 124. (10) 
Wm. En wen I gat hame, en meh seat I 'ed tayn, Blezard Sngs. 
(1848)18. s.Lan,' (11) Per. If they get me but once lean They'll 
have me down to Aberdeen, S.Miiii Poems (1714) 3, ed. 1853. 
Cum.', Cum.3 13, Cum.*, n.Yks. (W.H.), n.Lan.', s.Lan.l (12) 
Sc. Murray Dial. (1873) 208. (i3'i Wm. Spec. Dial. (1877) pt. i. 
9. n.Yks.2, e.Yks.' (14) Cum.l (i$)'eiir,W\vi.K\ Black Mary, 
219. Wm. When t'pi war tekken oot a t'uven, RoEisoN.<4n/(/ Taales 
(1882) 9. Not. Tekken by surprise, Prior Forest Flk. (igoi) 118. 
n.Lin.' se.Lin. He was tekken up last Friday (J.T.B.). Cor. I've 
tck'n 'ee back, ' Q.' Ship of Stars (1899) 227. (i6) Nhb. Had teun 
his-sel off, Forster Sng. Sol. (1859) v. 6. e.Dur.' (17) Cum. 
(E.W.P.) (i8j Sc. (Jam. 5"//-/.) (19) ne.Lan.' (20) Ayr. The 
Laird from wham the Ian' \vas took, Ainslie Land of Burns (ed. 
1892) 185. Ir. Ould Widdy Dempsey . . . had took up, Barlow 
Shamrock {igoi) 27. Wm. Ollivant Owd Bob (1898) 14. Lan. 
I mun hate him if my little baby's took from me, Saunders Abel 
Drake {ie62) i. s.SU. Piunock Blk. Cy. Ann. {i8gs). Der. He's 
been took fro' me, Gilchrist Ffni/n;irf( 1897") 73. Not.', n.Lin.', Lei.', 
Nhp.', War.'3, s.Wor. (H.K.), Glo.', Oxf.'^MS.add. Brks. Hayden 
Pound otir I'lll. (1901)87. Suf. Mr. Flindell . . . has took you up in 
hisgig, BETHAM-EDWARDs/.orrfo///rt>f«/(i899) 155 ; Suf.' Ken. 
I didn't ouglit to ha' took it now, Carr Cottage Flk. (1B97) 278. 
Sur.', Sus.', Hmp. iH.C.M.B.), I.W.2 Dor. Her be that proud an' 
took up wi' the babe. Hare Broken Arcs (1898) 215. n.Wil. 
(E.H.G.) Som. Unless that word's a-took back I'll go to once, 
Raymond Mot o Mendip (1898) ii. Dev. He will be took, Baring- 
Gould Furze Bloom (1899) 22. Cor.^ [Araer. Maybe you'd been 
took prisoner, Harris Tales, 164.] (21) Hrt. You've tooked a 
lot o' matches, Geary /?»»'. Life (1899) 48. s.Hmp. He's tookt 
hisself off lor good, Verney L. Liile (1870) xxix. Dor. You'd 
tookt she a traipsin', Hake Dinah Kellotv (1901) 30. Som. When 

the soldiers had alookt my sheep, Raymond Smoke, 69. w.Som.' 
Dev. That there stuff what they've been and took'd dun to the 
church. Reports Provinc. (1883). Cor. They do say he's tookt et 
weth 'im, Harris Wheal Vcor {igoi) 116. (Amer. Ihey've tookt 
it afore the boss got it tho', Sam Slick Clockmaker (1836 3rd S. 
xvi.] (22) Lnk. Poetry had ' tooken ' Johnny's brain, Murdoch 
Readings (1895 I. 42. Yks. I've tooken a deal o' pains. Dyke 
Craiktrees {i8gT) 168. s.Chs.' Stf. T'child's tooken what he sent, 
Cornh. Mag. ijan. 1894) 35. n.Lin.', Sbr.' e.Dev. I should beg 
pardon, and get tooken on again, Jane Lordship ,18971 47. Cor. 
For fear I should be tooken faint like, Forfar Penlowan ^1859) i. 
(23) Don. Macmanus Bend of Road (1898) 240. Glo. Gibbs 
Cotswold P'ill. (1898) 90. (24) Lnk. Murdoch Doric Lyre (1873) 
1 01. n.Ir. A had tuk an early brekfast. I.yttle Paddy McQuillan, 
13. Dwn. As if someyin the saddle had tuk, Savage-Armstrong 
Ballads (1901) 201. Don. I was tuk by Willie-the-Wisp, Mac- 
manus Chim. Corners {iSgg) 86. Ker. If money's offered it should 
be tuk at wanst, Bartram IVhiteheaded Boy (1898) 83. Yks. Dyke 
Craiktrees (,1897) 34. I.Ma. Had to be luk down to Ramsey for 
repairs. Brown Yams (1881J 23, ed. 1889. Der. Gilchrist Peak- 
land (1897) 81. Glo. 'E weren't tuk to the workus, J.ongman's 
Mag. (May 1900) 40. Brks. She wur tuk in a carriage, Hayden 
Round our Vill. 1,1901) .';7. Ess. Burmester John Loll (1901) 1 10. 
Cor. Lee Widoxv Woman (1899) 56. [Amer. Ef they was a 
breastwork to be tuk, Lloyd CArom'c Z-on/fr (1901) 9.] (25) Nrf. 
Spilling Molly Miggs (1902) 89. Dev. What's tuke 'e ? Phill- 
POTTS So"s o/jl/or/im^g- (igoo) 63. (26 Cum.' (27) e.Dur.' (28) 
Nhb. But then the road's se het, it's tyen, Wilson Pitman's Pay 
(1843)3; Nhb.i 

II. Dial. uses. 1. v. \n comb, wnih adv. and prep.: (i) 
Take about, {a) to take care of; to make firm and secure ; 
to see to; esp. to nurse a dying person and see to the 
funeral ; (b) to cut and house a crop ; (c) to kill and make 
an end of; (2) — after, (a) to run after, pursue; (6) to 
copy, imitate; (3) — again(st, to take a dislike to; to 
thwart ; (4) — at, to resemble ; (5I — away, (n) of cattle : 
to remove from pasture ; to unstock ; [b) to go fast ; to 
make straight for ; (c) to partake of food ; {d) to hide from 
view ; [e) to deprive of sensation ; (/) to take the sheaves 
from the wagoner and give them to the man who builds 
the stack ; (6j — by, (a) to grieve ; to be much aflected by 
any melancholy event ; (b) to put on one side or away ; 
see below ; (7) — down, (a) to reduce in circumstances; 
to lessen ; to make bankrupt ; (/;) to reduce in health ; to 
emaciate; to lay low in sickness; (c) to weaken by 
dilution; (rfj to launch a boat; (c) to take to pieces; (/) 
to convert; to convince of sin; (8) — for, (n) logo towards; 
(b) to be fond of; (9) — hence, to carry otl by death ; (10) 
— in, (a) to enclose waste land and bring it under cultiva- 
tion ; to improve land ; (b) to store ; to house cattle or 
crops ; to strip apples off a tree; (c) to take corn into the 
barn to be threshed ; (dj of a stack : to decrease the width 
of the courses in order to form the roof ; to make concave; 
(e) to admit water, &c. ; to leak ; (/) see (5, c) ; {g) to 
capture, subdue ; (/;) to draw in a wagon ; (/) to enter; of 
a congregation : to assemble for service ; (j) to receive 
lodgers ; (k) to get up with ; to overtake ; to get over the 
ground quickly ; {/j to accept as a member of a Dissenting 
church or of a society; (;«) to understand; (11) — in 
about, to bring into a state of subjection ; to bring under 
proper management ; (12) — in for, to defend ; ' to stand 
up lor'; (13)— in o'er, to take to task; (14) —in with, 
(a) to associate and become intimate with ; (b) to over- 
take ; (15) — of, (a) see (4); (b) to deserve; to accept as 
one's deserts; (16) — off, (a) to go off hastily or furtively; 
to abscond ; to set out on a journey or expedition ; (b) to 
leap from a mark; (c) to separate lambs, calves, or foals 
from the mother ; to reduce the amount of milk received 
by a calf from the mother; (d) to drink oft'; [e) to turn 
off; to stop ; (/) to cease work ; (g) of the weather: to 
clear up ; to cease raining or blowing ; (/;) to diminish ; 
of the daylight : to shorten ; (;) to take a likeness ; to 
draw, photograph ; (j) to fail, give way, break down; (k) 
to match against ; (I) to slaughter, murder ; (;/;) to mock, 
befool, jeer at ; («) to reprove, rebuke, chide; (17I —on, 
(rt) to grieve, lament ; to get excited ; (h) to assume ; to 
feign, pretend ; to act as a hypocrite ; (c) of cattle : 




to fatten ; (rf) to succeed to an inheritance or business ; to 
take charge of; (e) to begin ; (/) to buy on credit ; to get 
into debt ; tg) to enlist ; to adopt a profession, &c. : (A) to 
become attached to; to sympathize with ; (/) to ache, be 
painful ; (J) to begin to get fuddled ; (t) to be left alone, 
to be left to oneself; to take what may come; (/) see 
below; (;;;) see (15.*); (") to engage; (18) —on with, 
(a) to engage oneself to ; to consort with ; to engage ; (b) 
to like; "to be attracted by; (19) —out, (a) to receive 
payment in kind ; (6) to copy ; to write out; (c) see (16, rf); 
(d) to go, depart ; (e) to grieve over ; (20) — out from, to 
buy from ; (21) — ower, to go, esp. to ascend; (22) — til, 
to like ; to take a liking for ; (23) — to, (a) to shut ; (b) to 
capture, arrest; (c) to enter on; to take possession of; 
{(/) to serve as food ; (e) to countenance, assist ; (/) to 
adopt ; (g) to attack ; (/;) to marry ; (/) to own, acknow- 
ledge ; to answer for the truth of anything; to stand to 
a bargain ; ij) to scold, punish ; (k) to deceive, ' take in ' ; 
(/) to astonish ; to take by surprise ; to put out of coun- 
tenance ; (lit) to detect; (24) — up, (a) to lift the coffin 
and start the funeral procession ; (b) of cream : to skim 
off; (c) of potatoes: to dig, plough up and earth down; 
{d) to clean out the ditches of water-meadows ; (e) to bind 
corn into sheaves ; (/) to take on lease ; (g) to prepare 
fish for curing or cooking; (/;) to borrow; (/) to take in, 
as a newspaper ; (7) to collect, gather up ; (k) to stop a 
runawaj' horse; (/) see {16, g) ; (;») to improve in health 
or character ; («) to answer shortly and hastily ; to inter- 
rupt in order to correct ; to defeat in an argument ; (o) 
see (19, d) ; tpj see (10, m) ; (q) to short-coat a baby; (r) 
to begin to re-open ; (5) see (10, e); (25) — up about, to 
interest in; to absorb; gcii. in pass.; (26) — up for, to 
defend ; to give surety for ; to protect, assist ; (27) — up 
in, (28) — up of, see (25) ; (29) — upon, to take effect on ; 
to act on; (30) — up with, (a) to consort with, esp. with 
a view to matrimony ; 'to keep company with' ; to make 
friends with ; ib) to delight, attract ; to absorb ; gen. in 
pass.; (c) to adopt as an idea; (31) —with, (a) to kindle ; 
to catch fire ; (/;) to please, captivate ; gen. in pass. ; (c) to 
begin to thrive after a temporary decay ; to sprout, take 
root ; (d) to acknowledge as one's own, esp. to acknow- 
ledge a child ; (e) see {23, /). 

(i, n) Sh.I. It's little a rivin' storm friclitens me whin my hoose 
is ta'en aboot, Stewart Tales (1892) 54. Bnff.' The servan' took- 
aboot the aul' man wee a' care. Abd. They're crying out for want 
o' batter, And I maun jump and take about it, Shirrefs Poems 
(•79°) 332- Ags. (Jam.) (A) Bnff.i The corn crop wiz weel taen 
aboot this sizan. (c) S. & Ork.> (2, a) Cum.' He teiikk efter 
t'hares; Cum", n.Yks.*, Sus. (J.S.F.S.), Hmp. (F.E.) (A, e.Yks.i 
(3) n.Yks. (I.W.) ; n.Yks." Ah've ta'en agaan her. ne.Yks.' Oor 
maastther's ta'en agecan ma. w.Yks. He alius teuk agean him 
after that, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Oct. 29, 1898^ Der. First thing 
hoo did . . .were to tek against children. . . Hoo couldna beer the 
sect o' other fowk's, Gilchrist Peaklaitd (zBg^) 182. (4) n.Yks. 
He tacks at mc (I.W.). (5, a) w.Som.i 'Tis time they there young 
bullicks was a-tookt away, they baint doing no good. Dev. All 
slock an' cattle took'd away. An' kip'd atwum 'pon strow an' hay, 
PuLMAN Sketches (1842) 49, ed. 1853. (6) n.Yks. T'dog teeak 
away eftcr it, Tweddell Clevel. Rhymes (l6^5) 44. Cor. The 
'ugly brute' took right away down' towards the fovvling-pool. 
Hunt Pop. Pom. tv.Eiig. (1865) iia, ed. 1896. (c\ Cai. Ye maun 
be hungry, lass. Sit doun an' tak" awa', M<^Lennan Peas. Life 
(1871) II. 175. (rf) Sh.I. Doon cam a white mist 'at took awa' da 
laand, Sh. JVeivs (June 8, 1901). (<•) Abd. Suddenly striken in an 
apoplexy, and his right side clean taken away, Spalding Hist. Sc. 
(17921 1. 19. (/) n.Lin.' You can't git women to tak awaay upo' 
th" stack as thaay cwscd to do. (6, a) Dev.' Her, poor homan, 
took by upon the death of her husband, and never gooded arter, 
16. (6) Nlib.' ' Tyck her bye.' . . A call from the banksman to the 
breaksman, meaning that the cages are no longer required, and 
may be removed to any part of the shaft most convenient to the 
breaksman. n.Yks. Tack t'cups by (I.W.). (7, a) n.Sc. (Jah.\ 
Cni.', BnfT.', Cld. (Jam.) n.Yks. They teeak down wages (I.W.^. 
(i) Sc. He's sair tane doun wi' that host (Jam.). Cai.i, Bnff.i 
Per. Gude grant he bena ta'en doon wi' a fivver on the tap o't, 
Cleland Inchbracken (1883) 104, ed. 1887. Cld. (Jam.") Gall! 
Feed onybuddy on bear-meal and buttermilk, an' it'll tak them 
doon, Saxon G(i//. Cossi/> (1878) 64. w.Yks. (J. W.) Lan She wur 

takken doun a weeksin", Burnett //ajfo»VA's( 1 887) xl. (c)Sc.(A,W.) 
{d) ne.Sc. Not so many years ago the launching or ' takin' doon' 
was invariably accomplished by tlie fishermen themselves turning 
out in scores or hundreds. 'The hail toon is rcquestit to turn oot 
eynoo to talc' doon the boats at Futtrit-neuk,' Green Gordoiihaven 
(1887) 31. (f) Frf. It's naething ava' the takin'-doon o' a clock . . . 
an' Meggie's a din-makin' body to raise sic a sang aboot takin' 
her doon, Mackenzie A'. Pine 1,1897) 146. (/) Cor.^ John Smith 
preached up to Wesley las' night. There was one or two look 
down, I hear. (8, n) Hrf.= The fox took for Westhide Wood, (i) 
I.W.^ He takes vor that bwoy terribly, now his mother's dead. 
(9^ e. Dev. The early days before the taking hence of brother John, 
Jane Lordship ( iSg"]) 99. {10, a) Bnff.^ Frf. 'Taking in' in the 
dialect of the Mearns means really 'breaking up' moorland for 
the first time, Inglis Aiit Flk. (1895) 78. s.Sc. The moor and 
the moss they hae a' ta'en in, Watson Bards (1859'! 5. n.Yks. 
He teeak in a entack (I.W.). w.Yks. A gardin taen in is mah 
sister, Littledale S>ig. Sol. (1859") v. 12. Chs.' Dor. All thik 
land wur our common as you took't in. Hare Broken Arcs (1898) 
100. w.Som.i (A) BnfT.i We took-in twa rucks. He's oot at the 
tackan-in o' the nout. w.Soni.' Mr. Bird've a-tookt en all his 
apples. (c)Sc. (A.W.) Sh.I. Da girsie corn alTo' da sooth ditches 
. . . hit's a bit skrovlin, an' '11 be da first taen in, Sh. News (Oct. 20, 
1900). B.ks.i w.Som.* We be gvvain to take in a vvhaiten rick 
to-morrow, (d) Sc. (A.W.) n.Yks. Tack t'stack in a bit ^I.W.). 
s.Not. Y'uv begun to tek in too soon ; yer waint get all the stuff 
on the stack iJ.P.K.). {e) Sc. That boat taks in water (Jam.). 
Cai.i Ayr. The thatch took in the rain an' all that was vile. Cent. 
A/a^. (Sept. 18B3I 755. n.Cy.,w.Yks. (J.W.) (/) Dev.^ (.g-) Abd. 
The estates . . . directed the earls of Montrose and Kinghorn to go 
to the place of Airly, and to take in the same, Spalding Hist. Sc, 
(1792)1.228. nw.Der.i (/i) Hmp. (H.R.) (ij Sc. The church takes 
in at twal'hoors, Wright Sr./.i/«(i897)59. Lnk. (Jam.) n.Yks.^ 
He teuk in. [Amer. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 50.] (;) s.Not. P'raps 
Mrs. Smith might accommodate 3'ou for a night or two ; she takes 
in. She thinks to addle a little with lekkin in (J.P.K.). (A) Sc. 
(Jam.) Abd. Right cheerfully the road they did tak in. An' thought 
that night to their tryst's end to win, Ross Helenore (1768) 86, ed. 
1812. (I) n.Yks. They teak her in when ower avvd (I.W.). 
w.Yks. (S.K.C.) (»i) n.Yks. He didn't tack me in (I.W.). (11) 
Sc. (Jam.) (12) Sh.I. A'm no g.Tun ta tak' in fur da dog sae far, 
S/;. A^«i's (Nov. 20, 1897). (13) Sc. (Jam.) (14, a) Cld. (iA.) (A) 
N.I.i You'll soon take in with him. (15) Sc. He disna tak o' his 
father, who was a gude worthy man (Jam.). Cai.^ (A) Bnff.i Jle's 
lost the maist o's siller; he can tack o't, for it didna cum in an 
honest wye. (16, fl) Sc. Noo, I maun tak affhame (Jam. Siippl.), 
Ayr. Then homeward all take off their sev'ral \va3% BvRNS Colter's 
Sal. Night (1785) St. 18. Ir. If iver I do aught to disoblige it, off 
it takes, Barlow Martin's Comp. (1896) 114. N.I.' Nhb. The 
horse took off at a rapid pace, Richardson Borderer's Table bk. 
(1846) V. 354; Nhb.l Cum.' If he doesn't pay his debts he'll hev 
to tak hissel off or lang ; Cum.* Wm. We teuk off, Southey 
Doctor (1848) 559. n.Yks.' ne.Yks.i He went ti pleeace ; bud 
afoor a week was owered he teeak off. e.Yks.', m.Yks.' Lan. 
The bwoath tuk off up stears, Scholes Tim Gamwattle (1857) 22. 
s.Not. Yer can tek off; y'are not wanted 'ere (J.P.K.). n.Lin. 
He teks off to look fer his hook. Peacock Talcs and Rhymes 
(1886) ^^. sw.Lin.' Shr.' As soon as the Bobby shewned up yo' 
shoulden a sin 'ow they tooken off. (A) War.^ Take off, taw. 
(c) n.Yks. We've lean t'cow off ti milk her yance a day. We've 
lean t'cauf off ti yah feed a day (I.W.). n.Lin.' (rfj Sc. (Jam. 
Snppl.) Abd. Tak ofTj'Our dram, Dominie, Ruddiman Se. Parish 
(1828) 33, ed. 1889. Per. Tak' ofi"your gl.TSses a', Spence Poems 
(1898) 73. Lnk. Black Falls of Clyde (1806) 174. (<•) Sc. To tak 
aff the mill (Jam. Siippl.). (/) s.Not. He'll dig mappen a few 
yards an' then tek off for a hour or two (J.P.K.1. {g) Sc. The 
rain is taking ofr(A.W.). Sh.I. Whan is dis gales an' sleet gacin' 
ta tak' afl"? Sh. News (Jan. 27, 1900). Cai.' (/i) Nhb.', n.Yks. 
(I.W.), n.Yks.= e.Yks.i Days begin ti tak-off. Cor. As the tides 
would 'take off' he didn't blame them, Harris Onr Cove {igoo) 
148. ((') Som. Volks never didn live long arter they be a-tookt 
olT, Elworthy Evil Eye (1895) 86. w.Som.' Father bin a-tookt 
off, but 'tidn a bit like'n. Dor. He took off the church, Barnes 
Gl. (1863). Dev. Old and curious enough for . . . sketching young 
ladies to visit and ' take off,' Hartland Forest, 189. (_/) Sh.I. ' I 
faer me back 'ill tak' aff.' ' Lamb, if doo canna boo dee, doo'll 
hae ta leave,' Sh. News (July 7, 1900). {k) Cor. The sides [at 
' hurling' at St. Ives] are formed in this way — 'Toms, Wills, and 
Jans, Take off all's on the san's ' — that is, all those of the name of 
Thomas, John, or William, are ranged on one side, those of any 
other Christian name on the other. Hunt Pop. Rom. w.Eitg. 




(1865) 400, ed. 1896. (/) Edb. You were in the house at the time 
of liis taking off, Beatty Secrelar 1897") 366. («i) Sc. (Jam.), 
S. & Ork.', Bnff.i (<i) Dor. He took en off, so quick, Barnes GI. 
(l863^. (17, «) Sc. John took on very ill about it, Whitehead 
DafI Davie (1876) 269. ed. 1894. Sh.I. He's wirkin an' takin on 
laek a dog i' da feerie, 5/i. Netvs (Nov. 24, 1900). Cai.' e.Sc. 
Dinna tak' on like that, Setoun R. L'rqu/iarl (1896) xxiii. 
Per. Dinna tak on like this. Drum, Ian Maclaren Aiilci Lang 
Syne (1895) 156. Nhb. Divvent take on like that, Lilburn 
Borderer (1896; 335; Nhb.', Cum.i* n.Yks.'^ A whent takking 
on about it ; n.Yks.'' He did tak on wlien he gat ti knaw. 
ne.Vks.i Whisht, honey ; thoo maun't tak on leyke that. e.Yks.' 
Deeant tak-on seeah ; it'll all cum reet iv end. w.Yks. Dunnot 
tak' on, father, Snowden Tales IVohls ^Sgs) vii. Lan.' Tha 
munnot tak-on o' thattens — tha'U only mak tliisell ill. s.Lan.', 
Chs.>, Stf.' Der.2 Hur ta'es on so. Not.'; Not.^ It's no use 
takin' on about it. n.Lin.' Shell tak' on trcmendious if iv'ry 
thing is n't just dun to suit her. Lei.', Nhp.', War.^ Shr.' 'Er 
took on sadly w'en a toud'n 'er as Yodut wuz djed (s.v. On). 
Oxf.'.Brks.' Bit.^ ARO Bessie Coslrdl {i6g$) 6^. Hnt. (T.P.F.), 
e.An.' Cmb.' Don't take on so about him. Nrf. (E.M.) Suf.' 'A 
take on wemmently. Ess. I earn bear you taikin' on, Downe 
Ballads (1895) 41. Ken. He took on for a bit, Longman's Mag. 
(July 1891) 272. Hmp. He do take on so (H.C.M.B.). Wil. Her 
took on ter'bie 'bout th' ould zow a-dyin' (G.E.D.). Dor. Don't 
'ee take on, Susie, my dear. There don't 'ee cry, Francis 
Pastorals (1901) 50. w.Som.' Dev. You was struck all of a heap, 
and took on terrible, Baring-Gould Furze Bloom (1899) no; 
Dev.' Cor. He says nothing, but takes on, ' Q.' Three Ships (ed. 
1892) 118. [Amer. It took on so they took it off, Lowell Biglow 
Papers (1848) 118.] (A) w.Yks.' Shr.' ' 'Er took on as 'er wuz 
mighty bad.' ' 'E took on 'im soft.' ' To take on soft ' is to 
assume an air of liupeless stupidity (s.v. On\ Hrf.^ {c) Sc. 
Thai stots are fast takin on (Jam.), (rf) Sh.I. A'm no sae auld — 
lest no auld aneugh to tak' on a hoos, Sh. News (May 25, 1901'. 
Abd. There's sorrow in the mansion, an' the lady that takes on Is 
young to hae sae muckle on her han', Murray Hamewilli (1900) 
35. {e) Sc. Rosmer hame frae Zealand came. And he took on to 
bann, Jamieson Pop. Ballads (18061 I. 215. (/j Sc. (Jam.) Fif. 
To get into debt was to tak on, Colville Vernacular {iHgg) 18. 
Edb. Thae wha shine Wi' unpaid feasts and ta'en on wine, Mac- 
NEiLL Bygane Times (1811) 8. {g) Sc. (Jam.) ; To take on for a 
soldier. Monthly Mag. (1798) II. 436. Abd. To be sogers do 
take on, Anderson Poems (ed. 1826) 70. Wxf. And get a 
protection for having taken on as a true Catholic, Barrington 
Skitches (1830) III. XX. e.An.' (/i) Nhb.' Bella an' him's tyen 
on. n.Yks.'^ w.Yks.' To tack on him. (>) e.An.' Nrf. My 
rheumatics dew take on (E.M.); My missus ha' scrushed her 
little finger, it finely ache and take on, Cozens-Hardy Broad Nrf. 
(1893'! 74. (y)Sc.(jAM.) (A) Sh.I. We stickit hir [a boat] att far 
enough, an' he's [it's] ebbin', so lat her tak' on, Sh. Netcs (July 3, 
1897) ; ( J.S.) (/) n.Sc. Hell tak' on to the town loan Fan she takes 
on her fickie fickie, Buchan Ballads (1828) I. 250, ed. 1875. («i) 
Bnff.' (h) w.Yks. (J.W.) Cor. I took on a new servant yesterday 
(M.A.C.) : Cor.3 Carriers attend and offer prices for work, the 
lowest being taken on, i.e. engaged. Driving ends, excavating, 
&c. are let in the same way, the men who will do it for least 
per fathom being taken on. (18, a) Cai. Engaged her to take on 
with him, Andrews Bygone Ch. Life (1899) 180. n.Yks.''', 
ne.Yks.' w.Yks.' Shoe'l tack on wi ony body. Oxf. I won't 
take on with tliat job at any price (G.O.). Suf. I'd like to see 
myself a takin' on with you chaps, BethamEdwards Mock 
Beggars' Hall (1902)148. Dor. The widow Fiander be a-takin' 
on wi' the new love before she is off wi' the old, Francis Fiandcr's 
Widow (1901) pt. II. vii. (A) n.Ir. She wur terbly taen on wi' 
M'^Gurk, LvTTLE Paddy McQuillan, 93. N.I.' They're greatly 
taken on with him. (19, a) Ayr. I had to content mysel' with 
takin't oot in fother for my horse, Service Dr. Dugiiid (ed. 1887) 
121. w.Yks. (J.W.), Oxf. (G.O.) w.Som.' I zells my butter to 

Mr. into shop; but I baint gwain to no longer, cause I never 

can't get no money, [I am] always forced to take it out. 1,6) w.Yks.', 
Nhp.' War.3 Take out those accounts from the day book and let 
me see them. w.Som.' Take out Mrs. Jones's bill to once, {c) Kcd. 
Bids them a' 'tak'oot their drams, 'Grant Z.n)'s (1884) 71. Rnf. Tak' 
out yer toothfu', Clark Rhymes (1842) 20. id) Don. Phelim tuk 
out to the fair, ftn)Son'5il/<i,g^. (May 1900 478. n.Yks.^ (c)Wm. 
Kitty took it [her lover's death] terribly out, Bricgs Remains 
(1835) 57. (20) Abd. Ye never saw sic trash : to tsk it out frae 

R M But troth we'll need to gie him o'er. He's really sic 

a fash, Beattie Parings (i8or) 31, ed. 1873. (21) Cum.* It tcukk 
owerbet'Cleugh-gill, DiCKiNSONi(7«i/>/</;?/i(i856)6. w.Yks. (J.W.) 

(23) Sc. (A.W.), n.Yks.', ne.Yks.' w.Yks. Ah hevn't ta'en tul 't 
yit, onyhah, Leeds Merc. Snpf>l. Nov. 5, 1898 . ,23, a Sh.I. Da 
strangers rose an' gied oot, takin' tii da door efler dem, Ollason 
Mareel (1901) 84. Abd. Fan j-er throu' jist tak' ye tee the yettie 
ahin ye, Alexander ^i;i Flk. (1882 83. (61 Shr.' The bum took 
to him clos agen the Bridge, (c) War.* We shall lake to the other 
house next week. Shr.' 'Ell tak to the farm at I-ady Day; 
Shr.' Tak to it as nest Newyus day. w.Som.' 'Tis all a-signed 
'bout takin' o' the farm : but ihey baint gwain to take to 'im 'gin 
Lady-day. (rf) w.Yks.3 He's nowt to tak to. s.Lan.' They 
hannot getten mitch to tak' to, 39. Suf. Give me something to 
take to (C.L.F.). Ess. I haven't enough to take to (S.P.H.). (e) 
n.Yks,' They teuk tiv him. (/ War.' I'm gooin' to tek to 
Sarah's little boy, now the father's dead. Shr.' Uncle Ben said 
'e'd take to one ; an' then the three others tooken to the rest. 
Glo. Very good it wur o' the parson to take to the child, 
BucKMAN Darke's Sojourn (1890) ii. wSom.' Her know'd 'twadn 
'er own calve, and 'er never widn take to un. (g) w.Cy. Grose 
(1790). (A) Shr.' He had her afore I took to her. (;j n.Cy. 
Grose (1790) MS. add. (P.) n.Yks. (I.W. w.Yks. Aye, Ah'U 
tak' to that, Leeds Merc. Siippl. 'July i, 1889); w.Yks."', Nhp.', 
Hnt. (T.P.F.) (/) Not.' Lei.' Nivver wur so took-to in all my 
loife. {k) Nhp.' A's got took to finely with them ship a bole this 
marnin. (/) Lan. He'll be takken to when he comes a-whoam ! 
He'll scarce know what to think on't, Longman's Mag. (1896) 262. 
Chs. Th' sheep stealin gawfin were just as much takken to as 
aw were, Croston Enoch Criimft (1887) 15, s.Chs.' Aliy woz 
tookn too wen ahy seed im ston'din ut th doour, un mey thingkin 
ee wuz i Livurpool au* dhu weyl. s.Stf. He was soo took tu at 
seein' her, he hadner a word to say, Pjnnock Elk. Cy. Ami. 
(1895). War.'; War.^ I never was so took to. Shr.' I never 
wuz so took to in all my life w'en I 'eard they wun gwun clane 
away. Glo.' Oxf.' MS. add. Sur.' Sus.' I was quite took-to 
when you come in. I.W.' I thought he'd be took to zomewhen 
or nother. Dor.' He's a-took-to at laste then, (m) Dev. You 
was took-to, joung feller, Pulman S.^etches (1842) 150, ed. 1871. 
(24, a) w.Yks. 1 wer bidden, an they wer to take up at three 
(A.C.). (6) Cor. (M.A.C' ; The basin of clotted cream,— which 
had been ' taken up' with unusual care. Hunt Pop. Rom. zv.Eng. 
(1865) 375, ed. 1896 ; Cor.2 We scald our cream so that it rises in 
a thick solid mass at the top of the pan. It is a great point to 
take this up in a neat unbroken piece to fit the basin in which 
it is served at table. It is done with a special skimmer, thin. Hat, 
round, and perforated, (c) se.Lin. (J.T.B.) (d) Dor. It was the 
season for ' taking up ' the meadows. Hardy Tcss (1891) 253, ed, 
1895 ; (C.V.G.) (<•) s.Not. Bill's tckkin up for Mester Brown 
(J.P.K.). (/) Som. I aimed to gie up a-working undergroun' 
an' take up a bit o' lan', maybe, an' live out in the light, 
Raymond Men 0' Mendip (1898) ix. [Aus. We want it took up 
on a proper lease, Longman's Mag. 1, Nov. 1901) 17.] {g) S. & 
Ork.' (h) ne.Lan.', Chs.' s.Chs.' Dhi aadn taak- iip H riik u 
miin'i wen dhi wentn tu)th piais, On dhur^z u daayt iv dhi)n 
gofn streyt yet. Wil. He was obliged ... to 'take up'— i.e. to 
borrow— a thousand pounds, Jefferies Hodge (1880) I. 65. (i') 
w.Som.' We've a tookt up the Magnet 'is tain year, (j) Kcd. He 
got a beggin' paper drawn . . . An' took a soud o' siller up. 
Grant Z.(7)'s (1884I 9. (A) Suf.' (/) Sh.I. He's [it's] takin' him 
up i' da wadder, Sh. Nescs (Oct. 16, 1897'. Gall. The weather's 
taking up now, For yonder is the weatlier-gaw, Mactaggart 
Encycl. (1824) 468, ed. 1876. Nhb.' Lakel.' Ah wish t'wedder 
wad tak up. Cum.' ; Cum.* It'll seun tak up, for't wind's gaan 
roond. n.Yks."; n.Yks.* If it dizn't tak up seean, t'hay '11 be 
nut wo'th leading. e.Yks.' We've had a lang spell o' wet, bud 
weather seems ti be takkin up noo. w.Yks.' ne.Lan.', s.Lan.', 
Chs.'^, Stf.', nw.Der.', Not.' n.Lin.' It raain'd iv'ry daay e' 
Maay-munth, but when Jewne cum'd it took up. Rut.' Lei.' It 
lukes loike tckkin oop fur a frosst. Nhp.' If, after a thaw, there 
is an appearance of renewed frost, it is said, ' The frost will not go 
yet, it will take up again." War.' Shr., Hrf. Bound Provinc. 
(1876). Hnt. (T.P.F.), Ess.', Wil.' Dor. It be a-goin to take up 
to-night, Francis Fiandcr's Widoiv (1901) pt. i. x. (mi Per. 
Gin ye dinna tak j'ersel' up, she'll ne'er be yours ava ! Cleland 
Inchbracken (1883) 242, ed 1887. Wgt. Awake tae a sense o' yei 
shame ; Tak' up, and yc'll soon get anither bit hame, Fraser 
Poems (1885) 143. Don. Isn't it the rammed shame for ye, ye 
oul' greyheaded reprobate, . . that j'e wouldn't think of lakin' 
yerself up? Macmanus Bend of Road (1898) 228. n.Yks." He's 
nobbud bin a ragally chap; bud mebbe he'll tak' oop yet ; n.Yks.'*, 
Chs.^, nw.Der.' s.Not. P'raps she'll tek up a bit now it's warmer 
(J.P, K.\ Suf.' Ah — yah — 'a mah take upbinebine — tha'snowoo in 
'cm as yit. (h)Sc. (A.W.) w.Yks. He's alius takin' me up i' mi talk 




(S.K.C.) ; To take one up in an argument is to beat them therein ; 
also to remind them especially of something of an unpleasant 
character. ' Ah'd a goa at him on t'Reights o' Woman, an' then 
Ah teuk him up abaht t'Local Veto," Leeds Merc. Suppl. (July 8, 
1899). War.2 Shr.i Well, yo' nee'na tak' one up so sharp, 
jest gi'e a body time to spake. Yo' touden the paas'n wrang, 
Molly — but I didna like to tak yo' up afore 'im. w.Som.i Well, 
you no 'casion vor to take anybody up so short ; you mid harky gin 
anybody 've a-zaid what they got to zay. {o) Lan. They'd taen 
up th moorside. Waugh Heather (ed. Milner) I. 40. sw.Lin.' 
He took up the street as hard as he could go. (/>) Sc. I gied him 
several hints, but he coudna, or woudna, tak me up (Jam.)- 
s.Sc. Ye had juist taen up the tale wrang, Wilson Tales (1839) 
V. 55. (?) Oxf.' MS. add. (y) Abd. Aw hear the skweel's takin' 
up neist week, Abd. Wkly. Free Press iNov. i, 1902). (s) Nrf. 
' Dew she [a wherry] take up much, Breezer?' 'She dew suck 
a little juice inter her 'tween wind and water,' Longman's Mag. 
(Nov. 1902) 42. 125) Sc. He's just real taken up about the 
lad, Keith Lisbeth (1894^1 vi. Sh.I. He wis awfil taen up aboot 
his midder, Sh. News (Oct. 20, 1900). Frf. I dinna care to 
mention it, but the neighbours is nat'rally taen up aboot it, Barrie 
Thrums (1889) vii. (26) w.Yks..', ne.Lan.i. Cor. When John 
come home, like a husband always should, he took up for his 
wife, HuntPo^. Rom. w.Eiig. (1B65) 318, ed. 1896. (27) s.Dev. 
They'm powerful took up in them pickters, Longman's Mag. 
(i90i> 44. (281 s.Wor. A wuz alius took up ov 'em [bees], 
Vig. Mon. in Berrow's Jrn. (Oct. 1897). (29) Lnk. It took 
upon her hameart heart. An' she begoud to spew, Murdoch 
Doric Lyre (1873) 53. (30, a) Sc. (Jam.) Sh.I. Takkin' up wi' 
a lipper laek Donal' ? Sh. Neivs (May 28, 1898). Frf. When a man 
o' forty tak's up wi' an auld hizzy o' sixty, Willock Rosetty Ends 
(1886) 37, ed. 1889. Per. For this end [she] took up wi' Johnny, 
Spence Poems (1898) 184. Ayr. Grannie Dickson, the howdie, 
who had ta'en up with him in his younger days. Service Dr. 
Dtiguid (ed. 1887) 113. Gall. To tak' up wi' a silly partan o' a 
bairn like tliis, Crockett A. Mark (1899) ^x. Ir. She's very apt 
to ha' took up wid somebody else, Barlow East unto West (1898) 
193. Uls. He'll be taking up with some one else before the 
[marriage] day, Hamilton Bog (1896 11. Cum.^ Does t'e think 
I'll tak up wid Ann Dixon's oald sheun ? 41; Cum.* n.Yks.* 
He'll tak up wi' onny lass. e.Yks.', w.Yks. (J.W.) Der. Hoo 
tuk up wi' th' chap fro' Gressbrock Dale, Gilchrist Peakland 
(1897 I 165. Not.' n.Lin.' Why, squire, I niver thoht as you'd 
hev taa'en up wi' him. Lei.', War.3 s.Wal. If Johnnie George 
hadn't took up with me, Longman's Mag. (Dec. 1899) 144. Oxf. 
She'll take up with any new face (G.O.). Brks. Jim be wunnerful 
changed sence a took up wi' they, Hayden Round our Vill. 
(1901) 168. Ken. I'd as lief see her take up with him as with 
any one, Longman's Mag. (Feb. 1897) 377. Dor. He's took up 
wi' Rosie now, has he? Francis Pastorals (1901) 269. Som. 
I've never been able to please ee since you took up wi' her so 
thick, Raymond Men o' Mendip (1898) viii. w.Som.i Cor. The 
giant's last wife . . . thought it the wisest course to ' take up' at 
once with Tom, Hunt Pop. Rom. w.Eiig. (1865) 59, ed. 1896. 
[Amer. It can't be you're thinking of taking up with David Prince ? 
Cent. Mag. (Oct. 1882) 827.] (i) e.Sc. He began to look at Beauty, 
an' it was plain he was gey taen up wi' her, Strain Elmslie's 
Drag-net (1900) 21. Per. It's thriving weel, its leaves is green, 
and it's like to be a paying crop wi' fruit, and he's fair ta'en up 
wi' it, Sandy Scott (1897) 31. Fif. Some o' us is that ta'en up 
wi' oor particklar kirk, we fair forget our neebour ! Heddle 
Marget (1899) 4. Ir. He'd be apt to ha' tuk up wid somebody 
else and let your lesson pass. Barlow Ghost-bereft (1901) 88. 
n.Yks. He was sair teean up wi' t'presents (I.W.). w.Yks. (J.W.) 
Lan. Aw'm most takken up wi these styem engines, Clegg 
David's Loom (1894) ii. Lei.' A's that took up wi' them crowlin' 
things. War.3 s.Wor. He was quite took up 'uv my John, 
PoRSON Quaint IVds. (1875) 10. Brks. The young 'uns be so 
took up wi' one another, Hayden Thatched Cottage (1902) 193. 
Ken. I never see a girl so took up with a chap as she was with 
him, Longman's Mag. (July 1891) 268. Dor. They be all took up 
wi' theirselves — never a thought for we, Cornh. Mag. (.Sept. 1900) 
311. Son). I can't think why you be so much a-tookt up wi' 
he! Raymond Sam and Sabina (1894) xii. w.Som.' Our Jim's 
terr'ble a-tookt up way raidin. Dev. You're terrible took up wi' 
my brother Tom, Baring-Gould Idylls (1896) 222. (c) Ir. Ne'er 
a raisonable body'd ever ha' took up wid the notion of livin' that- 
a-way. Barlow Shamrock (igoi"! 38. (31, o) Sc. The kill took 
low, and the mill likewise took wi't, Steamboat (^iQzz) 347 (Jam.). 
(6) Sc. I didna tak wi' him (Jam.). Cld. (16.) Ayr. Nanny Fulton 
was so ta'en with the sturdy reaver, Service Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 

9. e.Yks. Jack seems to be takken wT Smith lass (R.S.). w.Yks. 
Tha'rt ower ta'en wi' thi' fancy man, Snovvden Tales Wolds ( 1893) 
vii. n.Lan. T'auld body was takken wi' a bit o' finery, Wilson 
Bacca Queen (igor) 14. Chs. Chs. N. if Q. (1881) I. 173 ; Chs.' 
Aw'm no ta'en wi' him, aw con tell the. Der, Took wi' a devil's 
fine cloathes an' rings, Gilchrist il/t7to« (1902") 16. Dor. First he 
were quite took wi' the notion, Francis /7nWf»'s Widow (1901) 
pt. II. iii. Dev. I beant a bwoy no longer, tu be takken wi' a 
show, Longman's Mag. (Feb. 1899) 335* {'^) Sc. It is said that 
corn has not ' tane wi' ' when it has not sprung up ; a tree is said 
to be beginning to ' tak' wi" when it begins to take root (Jam.). 
(rf) n.Sc. Nabody's taen wi' that buke yet (16.). Abd. Now that 
the child was born, Jock . . . desired to know articulately from the 
man himself whether he was to tak' wi"t an' pay for't, Alexander 
Ain Flk. ( 1882') 221. Per. She having sworn that it was his only, 
he took wilh the bairn, M aidmeut Spottiswoode Miscell. (1844-5) 
II. 248. Lnk. No even your bystarts to my bairn, for he'll ne'er 
tak wi"t, Graham Wntings (1883) II. 18. (e) Sc. I was not 
drunk; I'll no tak wi' that (Jam.). Per. ' Will ye tak' wi' 't then?' 
asked the keeper. ' I maun,' said Tam, Haliburton Furth in 
Field (iBg^) 85. 

2. Comb, (i) Take-away, a capacity for eating; an 
appetite ; (2) -bannets, a game ; see below ; (3) -oif, (a) 
a satirical valentine ; (b) a mimic ; a satirist ; a punster ; 
(4) -on, a woman living with a man who is not her hus- 
band ; (5) -up, (a) a boy's leather ' sucker ' (q.v.) ; (b) 
a tuck. 

(i) w.Yks. 1 Ournewsarvant's a good tack-away. s.Chs.' Ee)z 
u rae'r taak'-uwee', aan'i-aay ; un sey dhii mee't uz ee piit aayt u 
seyt ut siip ur, yu)d thingk' ee)d bin tiemt fiir u fau-rtnit. Nhp.' 
Our servant has got a famous tack-away. War. 2 That lad's got a 
pretty good take away ; War.^ He has a fairly good take-away. 
Shr.' That chap's a rar' tak-away, 'e ete two cantle o' suppin' fur 
'is supper, an' a great lownder o' bread an' cheese. (2) Knr. A 
game in which wads or pledges are deposited on both sides, which 
are generally bonnets ; and the gaining party is that which carries 
off, one by one, all the wads belonging to that opposed to it (Jam.). 
(3, (?) s.Not. She hed three vollentines, but they were all tek-offs 
(J.P.K.). (6) Sc. (Jam.) N.Li Dear! but you're a sore take off. 
Cum.'*, n.Yks.12 e.Yks.' MS. add. (T.H.) (4) Cum. (E.W.P.) 
(5, a) Lan. Leathern 'tak'-ups ' for sucking up stones, Brierley 
Cast upon World ( 1886) i. s.Lan.' We'n stick true to t'other like 
a tak'-up to a dur-flag, 32. (6) Dmf., Gall. (Jam.) 

3. Phr. (i) be taen dein wha laiks, whoever may have 
taken them ; (2) to be ill taken, to be anxious, disturbed, or 
mentally upset ; (3) — taken (away,\.o die; (4) — back, to 
be taken aback, to be surprised, startled; (5) — bad or 
badly, to be taken ill ; (6) — by the face, to be put to the 
blush ; (7) — for death, to be seized with a mortal illness ; 
(8) — off, see (3) ; (9) — on one, to be taken from one by 
death; (10) — to the door, to be taken by surprise; (ii) 
• — worse, to be suddenly seized with illness ; (12) to be well 
taken out or (up) with, to be popular ; to receive much 
attention ; (13) to take a bite, to partake of food ; (14) — a 
breath, to recover one's breath; (15) — a Burford bait, to 
make a greedy meal; (16) — a draw of one's pipe, to 
smoke ; see Draw, 36 ; (17) — a heave, a tin-mining term : 
to lose the trace of a vein of metal by the shifting of the 
earth ; (18) — a person, to take a person's bet ; (19) — a 
prayer, to offer up a prayer ; (20) — a spot, to take a situa- 
tion; (21) — a talking to, to rebuke severely; (22) — 
amends of, to punish ; {23) — bad, to take ill ; (24) — badly 
with, to dislike, to get on badly in work, &c. ; (25) — bite 
and sup, see (13) ; (26) — boggart or the boggart, to take 
fright ; used esp. of animals ; (27) — by the hand, to 
patronize, assist; to marry; see Hand, 2 a (44) ; (28) — 
by the head, to intoxicate ; (29) — by the heart, {a) to gain 
the affections ; (b) to affect ; to overcome by emotion ; 
(30) — by the large, to take as a whole ; (31) — company, to 
walk out together when courting; to 'keep company'; 
(32) — count of, to pay heed to, to regard ; (33) — day 
about, to work on alternate days ; see Day-aboot, s.v. 
Day, 1 (i) ; (34) — ease, to be quiet ; (35) — /at, to take 
offence ; (36) — fear, see below ; (37) —foot or one's feet, 
to take one's departure, to make oft"; (38) — from a per- 
son, to inherit from a person, to derive by heredity; (39) 
— good-bye, good-night, Gr'c. of or ivith, to say good-bye, 
&c. to ; (40) —harm, to suffer harm ; (41) —hold, (a) to 




undertake an office, &c. ; to help in any work or duty ; 
(b) to catch fire ; (42) — AoM oit, (a) to cause pain or 
illness ; to move ; to affect painfully ; {b) of the soil : to 
exhaust ; (43) — ill, see (5) ; (44) - /// willt, see (24) ; (45) 

— in one's oivn hand, obs., to make free with ; to use no 
ceremony with ; (46) — in over one's cliair and sit down, 
see below; (47) —in the preaclier, see below; (48) — it 

favourable, to take it as a favour; (49) — it ill out, to take 
offence ; (50) — it to do, ia) to take it in earnest ; (b) see 
below; {51) — it tul oneself, to accept an innuendo ; (52) 

— it li'ith a finger, see below; (53) — joy, to be pleased ; 
(54) — law on, to take legal measures against ; see Law, 
s6.' 2 (10); (55) — neighbourhood, to accept assistance; 
(56) — nicks at, to take aim at; (57) — occasion of, to take 
advantage of; to befool ; (58) — off' a person, see (38) ; (591 

— o_ff of one's feet, see (37) ; (60) — on hand, to undertake ; 
(61) " one, to be necessary for one ; to require an effort 
for one ; (62) — one above the knee. Sec, of water : to reach 
above the knee, &C. ; (63) — one in over, to call to account ; 
to bring to trial; (64) — one in the head, of an idea, litc. : 
to come into one's head ; (65) — one till, to try one's hand 
at anything ; to begin upon a job ; to exert oneself, make 
an effort ; (66) — one to the knees, &.C., see (62) ; (67) — one 
with, to require from one ; (68) — one's bag of bones home, 
to depart, ' get out ' ; (69) — one's bed or the bed, to go to 
bed, esp. on account of illness ; (70) — one's breath, to 
deprive of breath; (71) — one's civil, to take one's 
departure without ceremony ; see Civil, 1 ; (72) — one's 
death, to be seized with a mortal illness ; to expose one- 
self to death ; (73) — one's tye, to meet the gaze of one ; 

(74) — one's (fair) end at a person, to be amused at him ; 

(75) — one's fling, to do as one likes ; (76) — one's fun off 
a person, see (74); (77) — onei's hands off, to decline or 
repudiate a bargain; (78) — one's hurry, to take one's 
time; to wait; (79) — oni's kite, see (37); (80) —one's 
length, to stretch out at full length ; (81) — one's pumps off, 
to lay aside all restraint ; (82) — one's purpose, to do as one 
thinks fit; (83) —one's push, to go away; (84) — one's 
wind, (a) see (70); (b) see (14) ; (85) — oneself (again, (a) 
to correct one's language ; to recall what one has begun 
to say; (b) to bethink oneself; to recollect something 
which induces a sudden change of conduct ; (86) — one- 
self out of a society, to leave a society ; (87) — order for, to 
provide for or against ; (88) — over short, to take up one's 
words too severely; (89) — rheumatics, to get rheumatism ; 
(90) —scathe, see (40); (91) — sick, see (5); (92) — 
strength, to regain strength ; (93) — that way, to behave in 
a certain way ; (94) — the air, (a) to go out for an airing ; 
(b) of frost : to turn to rain ; (95) — the better of, to get the 
better of; to cheat; {96) —the Book (tip, to hold family 
prayers ; (97) — the cow, to lose heart ; (98) — the door, (a) 
to shut the door ; (b) see (68) ; cf. Door, sb. 2 (9) ; (99) — 
the door over one's head, to leave a room ; (100) — the floor, 
(a) to stand up ready to dance ; (b) to walk ; (c) a skittle- 
playing term : see below ; (loi) — the foot, of a child : to 
begin to walk; (102) — the frunis, see (35); (103) — the 
gap, to yield, to give in ; to beat a retreat; (104) —the 
hunger, to become hungry ; (105) — the lanes, to rent the 
right of grazing the highways and by-lanes of the sur- 
veyors of highways; (106) — the nearest, to take the 
shortest way; (107) —the pot, obs., to take the scum off 
the liquor in a pot ; (108) —the road, — road, or to the road, 
to set out or resume a journey ; to become a vagrant; (logj 

— the sands, to flee the country ; to take safety in flight ; 
(no)— the shine off of,to ex.ce\; (iii) — the stadh, to become 
restive; (112) —the wife, to marry; (113) —through 
hands, (a) to reprimand ; see Hand, 2 (45) ; (b) to under- 
take ; (114) — //// //, to acknowledge, admit; to confess; 
(115) — /;// one, to apply a censure to oneself; {116) —to 
church, to marry; (117) — /o do, to rate, reprove; see 
Doing, 4 (2); (118) —to one, see (115); (119) —to one's 
beaters, to run away ; (120) — to oneself, (a) to take a hint ; 
to apply to oneself ; (A) to take everj'thing or too much; 
to steal ; (121) — to the books, to take to reading; (122) — 
to the heather, obs., to live as an outlaw on the moors; (123) 


— under hands, see (60) ; (124) — up mould and stone, obs., 
to take permanent possession; (125) — up the psalm, to 
start a psalm; to act as precentor; (126) — upon one, to 
assume airs of importance ; (127) — n'ell, to be attractive; 
to command a good price or ready market ; (128) — with 
it, to feel ; to regard it ; (129) — with one, to drink with 
one ; (130) ~ with the ground, of plants: to begin to thrive 
after a temporary delay; (131) —icitness, to charge to 
bear witness ; (132) zi'hen a thing takes one,vihen one feels 
inclined to do anything. 

(i) Sh.I. Da shaeves is awa. be taen dem wha laeks, Sli. Neics 
(Oct. 14, 1899). (2) s.Laii.' Hoo's ill ta'en abeawt loazin' that 
cliylt. (3 Sc. If I sud bo ta'en awa' afore 1 see ye again. Ford 
Tliiilledouiii 1 1891)97. Ayr. What if it should be ta'en awa' before 
it was kirstened ? Johnston Glenbiickie (1889) 107. Don. She 
sufTered terrible, the crathur, afore she was tuck, Macmanus Bend 
of Road 1898) 240. Nhb. Bein' ta'en sae sudden-likc. Pease 
Mark o' Deil U894' 25. Wro. Took he was — took in the pride o' 
his prime, Ollivant Owd Bob (1898) 1. w.Yks. (J.W.) Der. 
Gilchrist AVf/io/(is I 1899) 16. n. Lin.' Buried is he? Well, Ithoht 
'at he'd be tooken afoore long when [I] seed him last Scottcr-shaw. 
s.Cxf. You never knows when you may be took. Rosemary 
Cliilleriis (1895 1 65. Brks. What hever thee'll do, Thomas, when 
I be took, Hayden Round our Fi7/. (1901) 87. Ess. They were 
my mother's, and I got 'em when she was took, Burmester Jolni 
Lott (1901) 51. w.Sus. My wife was took two years ago, Gordon 
Vill. and Doctor (1897) 105. Dor. He were took verj' unexpected, 
Francis Fiander's IVidow (1901J pt. i. i. Som. Not since poor 
mother were a-tookt, Raymond Men o' Mendip (1898 1 i. Dev. 
O'Neill Idyls (1892) 11. Cor. Phillpotts Propltets (1897) 271. 
f4) w.Yks. Ah wor reight ta'en back when Ah seed him comin', 
Leeds Merc. Siippl. (Oct. 29, 1898). Dev. I never was so took back 
in my life, fJ'/Hrfsoj-iV/rto'. (Apr. 1900 738. '5;:Sc.(A.W. ) w.Vks. 
Yond child mud be takken badly ageean.HARTLEYB/ar*/oo/( 1883) 1 1. 
I. Ma. Tuk very bad, Brown Doctor (1887) 4. Der. Hoo were took 
bad wi' the bronkittus, Gilchrist Mdton (1902" 22. Not. She's took 
very badly, Prior /orc5/ F/*. (1901) 282. Lei.', Brks.' Ess. I'm 
tuk so wonderful bad with the lumbago, Burmester John Loll 
(1901) no. Wil. I were took so bad that time, Tennant Vill. 
Notes (1900) 63. Dev. Poor Kitty Comer was ' took bad' more 
than a week ago, O'Neill /(/)/s (1892"! 33. Cor. He's took bad, 
Lee IVidotv IVoman (1899) 35. (6) Lan. (Hall.) (7) s.Oxf. He's 
main an' bad, and I believe as ee's took for death, Rosemary 
Cliiltcrns (1895,1 163. n.Wil. (E.H.G.) (8) Lnk. Peter an' Kale 
were taen off, ane by ane, An' auld Janet was left by the ingle her 
lane, Watson Poeins (1853) 32. (9) Ir. Me poor father was tuk 
on us . . . And we waked him and buried him. Barlow Ghost-bereft 
(1901)45. ( 10) s.Lan.i (11) Brks.' Sur.' A person seized with 
illness is universally said ' to be took worse.' Dev.^ (la) Sc. 
This must be viewed as primarily denoting the attention paid to 
one in the way of frequent invitations (Jam.). Nhb. Tom, there- 
fore, was a general favourite, being 'well ta'en up wi,' Nciec. Dy. 
Leader (Jan. i, 18971 5> <^ol. 2. e.Dur.' (13) Ayr. Ye wudna 
mind me asking him to tak a bite wi us 0' what was gaun, John- 
ston Congalton (1896) 87. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) (141 Ayr. 
Pedlar chaps. . . Here aft sit doon to tak a breath, Wnnr. Jottings 
(1879) 189. (15) Oxf. Murray Hndbk. 0.\f (1894) 20a. (16) 
Sc, Ir. (A.W.) LMa. You'll be takin' a draw of your pipe, 
which I see in your coat pocket, Rydisgs 7Vi/('5(i895^ 25 ; iSlil.) 
(17) Cor.' ; Cor.° A mineral lode is said to ' take a heave ' when a 
' fault ' has shifted or broken its course. (i8)Sc.(A.W.) Nhb. 
' I'll . . . gie thoo 3 to I.' ' I'll tak' thoo,' I says. ' An' I'll tak' 
thoo,' says he, Pease Marii o' Deil (1894) 90. w.Yks. J.W.) 
(19) I. Ma. When the Pazon heard it he fell on his knees and he 
took a shockin prayer. Brown Doctor V1887) 82. (20) e.Yks.' 
(21) e.An.' I wish, sir, you would be so good as to send for my 
Tom into your study, and take a talking to him ; I hope ta would 
daunt him. (22) Ayr. It was an awfu' like trick an' ane we could 
been ta'en amen's o'. Service Dr. Diignid \ei. 1887) 204. (23) 
N.L' (24) Sc. (A.W.) n.Yks. He tacks badly wi't ^I.W.). 
(25) Nhb. We'll tak' bite and sup thegither, Clare Love of Lass 
(1890) I. 13. (26) w.Yks. Jim Baldwin's horse 's ta'en t'boggard, 
an' it's goane dahn Wilsdin like mad, Leeds Merc. Siippl. (Nov. 5, 
1898). Lan. That sect him ofT as tho' he'd taen boggart, Kay- 
SHUTTLEwoRTHSra»-5rf(i/f(i86o)I.56. (27)Sc. ,A.W.),n.Yks.2 (28) 
Yks. It took [tih'k]him by t'head iC.C.R.\ n.Yks.'^ w.Som.' I 
never didn drink but about of a pint o' it, but I'll be darned if I 
wadii most a-tookt by th' head. (29, a) n.Yks.'* You mun first tak 
her by t'heart, an then tak her by t'hand. (i) n.Yks.' So :— give 
na mair, she's got her part; She's weak; 'twill take her by the 





lieart, Joco-Ser. Disc. 49. w.Yks. (C.C.R.) (so) Gall. Ye had 

cuttit yoursel' faa'in' doon thae dreadsome rocks, an' ta'en by the 
large, ye werena bonny to look upon, Crockett Dark o' Moon 
(1902) 90. (31) Dev. When young farmers first begin to walk out, 
their usual mode of address is, ' Will you take company, my 
pretty ? ' Reports Provinc. (1902). (32"! Sur. Folk here don't take 
much 'count on he, BicKLEYSiic. Hills(i&ijo) II. xv. Som, Nobody 
took much count of this slip of a maid, Raymond A'oSo;(/ (1899) 29. 
(33) Sc. (A.W.) Nhb. Aw tuik for some time da_v about, XVilson 
Piliiian's Pay (1843) 30. (34) I. Ma. He couldn' never take aise 
couldn' that chap. Brown Doctor (1887") 141. (35) w.Yks. If a 
playmate take oft'ence at another, he will cross or clasp his little 
fingers, and, with outstretched hands, will snappishlj' cry out, 
'Tak' fat an' lean. An' niver speyk to me agean.' The one to 
whom the remark is uttered then understands that enmity exists 
between them, Leeds Merc. Siippl. (.Oct. 29, lags'). (36) Cor.^ 
There are occasional cases of miners who suddenly — with or with- 
out evident reason — contract a sudden horror of working under- 
ground. It is said of such a man, • He took fear,' (37) Sc. The 
children took their bare feet and went to the sands, Glasgow 
Herald (Apr. 3. 1899"!. Kcd. Meerie's men took fit an' ran Whene'er 
they saw the lowe, Grant Lays i 1884) 29. ^38) Ayr. A bit shilpit 
callan' of Laird Speckle's, who took the sma' banes from the 
mother of him. Service Dr. Diiguid (ed. 1887) 123. (39) Abd. 
Now, Johnny, tak good nicht o's an' rin awa to yer bed 1 G.W.^ ; 
At the gude nicht taking with sum strangers from Edinburgh, 
o/. iBs. od., Abd. Burgh Rec. (40) Ir. He's took no harm, only 
the pair of thim's frightened out of their sivin sinses. Barlow 
Shamrock (igoi') 55. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) (41, «) n.Yks.' He 
wur ex'd t'stan' judge, last Cattle Show ; bud he wur desper't shy 
o' takkin' ho'd. w.V ks. Ah teuk ho'd an' helped him wi' his books 
haufan-hahr or more, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Oct. 29, 1898. (6) 
n.Yks. T'kindlin' tacks hod (l.W. 1. w.Yks. (J.W.) (42, a) 
n.Lin.' I could n't ha' beleaved 'at onj'thing wo'd ha' took hohd on 
him as bairn's death did. When wind fra th'eiist cums in at that 
kitchen door it taks hohd o' me sorely I can tell'ye. (i) n.Yks. 
Lahn tacks hod o't land sair (I.W.V n.Lin.' I alius reckon line 
takes hohd on th' land moore then oht else we graw. (43) w.Sc. 
Mrs. M'Farlane, puir pody, she teuks very ill, Carrick Laird of 
Logan (1835) 79. Fif. It was promisin' braw when I took ill, 
Robertson Provost (1894) 30. w.Yks. (J.W.) Shr.^ Tane ill. 
Hmp. He was took ill (^H.C.M.B.). Dor. Be the maid took ill? 
Francis Pastorals (1901) 30. Dev. He took ill hisself wi' burn- 
gout, Phillpotts Striking Hours (1901) 155. (44) Sc. He took 
very ill vvi't at first ; but he's beginning to tak belter wi't now 
(Jam.). Per, Weemen tak ill wi' changes when the3''re gettin' up 
in years, Maclaren .^iiW /.oo^ Syne (1895) 27. Slg. Yell tali' 
ill wi't for a wee while, but ye maun juist tak' things easy, Harvey 
Kennetlicrook (1896) 238. (45) Sc. To man 1 can be answerable : 
and for God I will take him in my own hand. Walker Peden 
(1727) 48 (Jam.). (46) Bnff.' A phrase to signify that a person 
has got everything prepared for him to settle him in trade, marriage, 
&c. ' Nae thanks t'him for bein' weel aff"; he hid naething a-dee 
fin he got that fairm bit tack in our's chair an" sit doon. Ony 
bodie cud dee that.' (47) w.Yks. (J.W.'i n.Lin.' A term used by 
members of the Methodist bodies for giving hospitality, bed and 
board, to the itinerant ministers. ' I wish you was convarted ; . . 
it wad do you a power o' good, an' th' connection an' all, 'cause 
then you'd tak' in th' preachers,' Peacock R. Skirlaiigh (1870) II. 
106. (48) Cor. Us takes it mighty favourable to see your butival 
flags a hangin' out, Phillpotts Prophets (1897) 94. (49) e.Ltb. 
Ye iieedna tak it ill oot ; . . faithfu', ye ken, are the woun's o' a 
frien', HunterJ. //Jifici (1895) 200. (50, a) n.Lin.' He's straange 
an' fierce oher the job, he's real taa'en it to do. {b) When a person 
makes a series of blunders, or several misfortunes happen in 
succession, he is said to have ' taa'en it to do.' 'Well, if you'll 
beleave me, when I cum'd in fia th' barn, George bed tum'Icd 
doon graainry steps, Sarah Ann hed cutten her sen, an' theare 
was Polly, she'd fall'd doon wi' her head agean fender, an' I says, 
"Well, really, Sarah Ann," says I, "I think all on ye mun ha' 
taa'en it to do."'!*. (51) Sc. (A. W.), n.Yks. (l.W.) (52) Wm. A 
derisive phr. for those who require a great deal of persuasion — an 
allusion to the method a very young calf is taught to feed on milk. 
' Ah wad'nt bodder wid seek like, next thing they'll want ta tak it wi 
a fingger mebby' (B.K.). (53: I. Ma. AUis in a friendly way with 
them, and takin joy, Brown Yarns (1881) 219, ed. 1889. (54) 
n.Lin. Boggard mun tek law on him, Peacock Talcs and Rhymes 
(i886j 67. (55) Cuiu.'* (56) Doif. Standing tirling at the door- 
pin, with Mistress Jennie taking nicks at us the while with her bit 
dags, Hamilton Mawkin (1898) 218. (57) Frf. Dinna ye try to 
tak' occasion o' the minister, Inglis Ai>i Flk. (1895) 80; (J.B.) 

(58) Per. Ye tak' your leanness aff your mither, Haliburton 
Dunbar (1895) 88. (59^ Sh.I. When I wis flitted da kye, I took 
aff o' my feet, an' fir da hill I set, Sh. News (July 2, 1898). (60) 
e.Lth. I'll tak on han' to tell ye what your poseetion is. Hunter 
J. Imvick (1895) 205. (61) Per. It just takes me no to run round 
the town, Sandy Scott {1897) 12. Don. The bank will fall in to- 
day and kill two men close beside you ; it'll take you to be on your 
guard and watch well, Cornh. Mag. XXXV. 177. (62) Wgt. The 
sea took him abune the knees, Saxon Gall. Gossip (1878) 15. (63) 
Sc. (Jam., s.v. Ourtane). (64) n.Yks, It teak him i' t'head ti dea't 
(l.W.). (65) Sh.I. Doo niver took dee till ta pit a handle ta da 
bit o' fleeter. Sh. Nezvs (Feb. 10, 19001 ; Shii bed twise to tak till 
her afore shii wan till her feet, ib. (May 15, 1897) ; (J.S.) (66) 
Dev. Mrs. Coaker . . . walked slap through the stream, as took her 
to the knees, Phillpotts Stiiiing Hours (1901) 77. (67) Sh.I. 
Hit 'ill tak him wi' a' his sense ta confuit dee, Sh. News (July 17, 
1897). (68) w.Yks. A derisive phr. used to an ill-favoured person 
whom it is intended to order away and insult at the same time. 
' We want nowt wi' thah here, sooa tak thi bag o booans 
hooam ' (B.K.) ; (J.W.) (69) Sh.I. Shu cam hame frae da bridal, 
an' took hir bed, an' niver wis oot fil shii wis taen oot ta be 
streekit, Sh. News (Dec. 15, 1900). ne.Sc. He wud actually tak' 
the bed an' gie up the ghost for my sake, Grant Keckleton, lo. 
Edb. She fell sick and took her bed, Pennecuik Helicon (1720) 162. 
Gall. To take his bed for some time after, being so stinged, Mac- 
TAGGARTfi/ryc/. (1824) 272, ed. 1876. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) (70) 
Sh.I.Ta tink ipun it tak'snii brelh,Danesty sniils, 5A.A'<'jfs(Jan.29, 
1898J. Elg. The thocht o' his wraith, . . Amaist took my breath, 
Tester Po««s (1865) 141. (7i)n.Cy. Ah waited tell Ah was stalled, 
than Ah thowt Ah wad tak mi civil if ther was nowt full it (B.K.). 
(72) Don. When Father Eddy . . . took his death, the Bocca Fadh 
was one of the picked half-dozen v/ho werestarted over the mountains 
to fetch his brother, whom he wanted to see before he'd close his 
eyes, Macmanus BfHrfo/y?o«rf (1898) 138. w.Yks. (J.W.) Cor. 
Tell Gunner Spettigew to put on his hat at once. Ask him what 
he means by taking his death and disgracing the company, ' Q.' 
IVaiulering Heath (1895) 43. (73) Ayr. It chanc'd his new-come 
neebor took his e'e, Burns i?)i^s o/^^v (1787) I. 87. (74) Uls. 
He looked so queer you would have taken your fair end at him 
(M.B.-S.\ Ant. Ballymena Obs. (1892). (75) n.Yks. They may 
tak ther fling, Tweddell Clcvel. Rhymes{i8T$) 38. w.Yks. (J.W.) 
(76) Wgt. He . . . determined to take his fun off him, Saxon Gall. 
Gossip {i8-]8) 58. (77) Chs.i He was to have had th' farm ; but 
he took his hands off it, and then I took it. (78) Lan. Tay yer 
hurry a minute an' we'll gooa wi ye (B.K.). Chs.'^ (79) Nlib.*- 
(80; Slg. He'll tak their length wi' broken croon Upon the sod, 
Buchanan Poems (1901) 36. (81) Ir. We took our pumps off, 
Carleton Traits Peas. (ed. 1881) 102. (82) w.Yks. He gav him a 
gooid sahnd threshing — 'nah,'hesez, 'thah can tak thi purpose, 'an' 
left him (B.K. ). (83) w.Yks. Thah 's done, tak thi push (16.). (84, a) 
Sc. (A.W.) n.Yks. He hat my sahd and teak my wind (l.W. ). (,b)ib. 
Let t'horses rist and tack their wind {ib.). (85, a) Sc. (Jam.) ; He 
said, ' But treason is fact,' and taking himself again, he said, ' It is 
true, it is but treason in their judgment,' Thomson Cloud of Wit- 
«essfs(i7i4) 138, ed. 1871. (.6) Sc. (Jam.) Abd. When hunger now 
was slaked a little wee, She takes hersel, and aff again she'll be, 
Ross Helenore (1768) 30, ed. 181 a. (86) n.Yks. He teak his sel 
out o' t'society (I.W.). (87) Sc.(A.W.) n.Cy. Grose (i79o)S»/>/i/. 
(88) Abd. Gie's nae mair o' that ; Ye tak' the lad o'er short. Cock 
Stiains (1810) II. 132. (89) Nrf. I don't see why I should take 
rheumatics, Forbes Odd Fish (1901 > 17. (90) Lnk. The sheep tak' 
nae skaith. Eraser IVhaiips (1895) xii. Edb. Benjie might 
take skaith from the night air, Moir Mniisie IVaiich (.1828) xiv. 
(91) Ir. Thin the wife tuk sick, Barlow Bogland (1892) 58, ed. 
1893. (92) n.Dev. Mary Amelia was slow to take strength, and 
one might zay that her niver rightly got back to herzulf again, 
Zack Dunstable IVeir (1901) 244. (93) s.Hmp. I'm main glad 
she've a took that way, Verney L. Lisle (1870) xi. (94, n) Sc. 
The tall gentleman who preferred to take the air at that untimely 
hour, Keith Indian Uncle (1896) 257. Edb. Out they gae a wee 
to tak' the air, Aikman Poems (i8i6j 171. Gall. A guid heartsome 
evening to you, Betty! Ye are takin' the air? Crockett Kit 
Kennedy (i8gg) 116. (6) Lnk. The chitterin' birdies patient wait 
To see you tak' the air, John [Frost], Nicholson Idylls (1870)61. 
Gall. (A.W.) Uls. The frost has taken the air (M.B.-S.). (95) 
Lnk. I canna bear the thocht o'bein' ta'en the better o'a'thegither 
by a perfect, even-doon scoun'ril, Eraser IVhaups (1895) 177. 
(96'' Gall. Had I bidden more at home 0' nights and ever been at 
the ' taking of the Book,' Crockett Love Idylls {igoi) 308 ; It was 
her father ' taking the book ' up at Lochryan, ib. 227. (97) 
Cum.* (98, a) Sc. She went out and did not t.ike the door with 




her, Ramsay Reinin. 100. Abd. ' Tak the door to ye, Mistress 
Crathie,' indicating which side he wished it closed from, Mac- 
DONALD Z.Ois;> (1877) Ixiii. Ayr. Taking the door on my back I 
left them, and the same night came off on the Fly to Edinburgh, 
Galt Frovosl (1822I vii. i^A'i Abd. Some, by chance, the door 
had took, Wha scarce cud see, Cock SIraiiis 1810I I. 131. Lnk. 
I baud Conscience tak' the door, An' leave me to mj' fancy, 
Murdoch Doric Lyre (1873) 68. Edb. Mavius gave short salutes, 
and took the door, Pennecuik Helicon (1720) 7. s.Lan.' (99) 
Sh.I. VVilhoot s.iyin' a word, ye may weel link he wis blyte ta tak 
da door ower his head as fas as he cud, Stewart Tales (,1892) 70. 
(100, a) Sh.I. A"m tinkin' hit wid a been da trid d.iy afore dey wid 
a' been able ta tak da flOre, Sli. Kens (Dec. i, 1900). Kcb. When 
at Can'lemas he took the floor He tripped to the lilt o' the chanter, 
Ar.mstrosg //ijf/fs/rff (1890) 216. Uls. I'm after inviting you to 
take the flure willi me, Hamilton Bog (1896) 89. i,i) Rnf. A 
towmont gane, or little mair. The wee things baith had ta'en the 
(lair. Young Pictures (1865"! 51. (c) Nrf. The groom proposed 
skittles at eventide. I was fortunate enough to take tlie floor the 
first shot — you must strike the foremost pin on the right or left 
cheek. Voila the secret, Emeuson Laguons (ed. 1896) 25. (,101) 
Sc. (Jam.), Cai.' Lnk, He begins to tak the fit, liurning his hands, 
and getting clyties, U' \tiDOZ Poems (1805") 40. ( 102" Cum.^ Many 
a fellow wad tak t'frunts if his wife spak till him i' that way, 19. 
(103) s.Lan. ^ (104 I Don. He began to take the hunger, and when 
he looked at the fine skillet of ripe strawberries he was carrying 
home . . . his teeth began to water, Mac.manus Cliint. Corners 
(1899"! 23. (105) n.Lin.' (106; Ayr. She thro' the yard the 
nearest taks, Burns Ha/hueen (1785) st. 11. (Io^) Yks. I've 
tane the pot (K.). (108; Sc. So ye hae taen the road again, 
Scott SI. Ronan (1824 xiv. Sh.I. Shu hed made up her mind fir 
ta tak' da road, Ollason Marecl (1901) 9. Abd. Ready to tak' 
road again, Ale.xander .lin Flk. (1882") 195. w.Sc. What garrcd 
ye take the road! Buchan Lost Lady (1899^ 37. Lnk. Noo, 
neebors, ance mair, wi' my stick i' my haun, I'll tak' to the road 
— to the northward I'm gaun, Hamilton Pof<»s( 1865) 149. Rxb. 
We took the road early next morning, Dibdin Bonier Li/e {iSt)-]) 
8t. Ir. That same [vagrant] must be Nell o' Flynn, sorra a worse 
ivir tuk the road, Lawson Sacrifice (1892) 176. (log) Sc. (Jam. 
Siifi/>l.,s.v. SandsV Ayr. Auld-light caddies bure sic hands, That, 
faith, the youngsters took the sands Wi' nimble shanks, Burns 
l-y. JSinifisoii (1785) St. 26. (no) Sc. fA.W.) Cum.' He teuk 
t'shine ofT o' t'rest ; Cum.*, w. Yks. (J. W.) (in) Ir. Some of the 
young horses took the stadh, Carleton Traits Peas. (cd. 1881) 58. 
(112) Ayr. They tell me, Peter, ye're gaun to tak the wife, Service 
Notandunis {iSgo) 122. (113, n) Sc. (A.W.\ Nhb.' n.Tfks.They 
teak him through hands I.W.). (i n.Yks. He teak t'job through 
hands (I.W.). (114) w.Yks. As for mysen, I'll tak tul't an' mak' no 
boans abaht it — I've been a reg'lar rascal, Cudworth Dial. Sietc/ies 
( 1884) 12 ; Wi' ta tak' tull 't Ah seed tha o' Monda' nccght ? Leeds 
Merc. Siif'pl. (July i, 1899) ; I tak tult, Yksnian. (1878J 151, col. 2. 
(115) Sc. (Jam.) fii6; Suf. Honour bright, Priss, some day, I'll 
take you to church, Betham-Edwards Mock Beggars' Hall (1902) 
85. (117) e.An.' (118) Sc. (Jam.) (119) N.'l.i (120, n) Sc. 
(A.W.) n.Yks. David didn't at first tak Nathan's parable tiv his 
sel(I.W. '. (i) li. Tack t'pie te yer sel [don't divide it]. He teak 
tiv his sel [he stole] (i'6.). (121) ne.Sc. Sin' I took to the bulks, 
whether I like the place or no', I get on very wcel, Grant 
Keekleton, 133. (i22; Gall. It became at last a word in Scotland 
that ' to take to the heather was to be in the way of getting 
grace,' Crockett Moss-Hags (1895) xxvi. ,123) n.Yks. He can 
tack nowt onder hands (LW.). (124) Sh.I. (J.S.) (125) Sc. 
He tuke up the psalm in the kirk (Jam.). BnfT. To read in the 
kirk and take up the psalm every Sabbath, Cramond Ciillcn Ann. 
(1888) 39. Ayr. For ' taking up the Psalm,' Grey received an 
allowance of ^ 16 Scots per annum, Edgak Old Church Life (i886'i 
II. 107. 1 126J Abd. There's fowk 'at it set.s weel to tak upo' them I 
Macdunald Lossie{i6-)i) xv. (127') Sc. She's a braw lass an' taks 
weel. Ne'ersaw cowls tak better (Jam. Sh/>/>/.\ (i28)Abd. Foo 
wud ye "a ta'en wi'l gin onybody had speer't that at you ? Alex- 
ander Ain Flk. (1882, 77. (129) Ir. By my song, we took 
decently with him, anyhow, Cari.eton Trails Peas. (ed. 1843I I. 
65- (130) Sc. (Jam.) (131) Abd. With the approval of the police 
sergeant, and the concurrence of certain persons inside the tent, 
who had been ' ta'en witnesses,' Alexander Ain Flk. ( i88j1 112 
(132) Sc. (A.W.) w.Yks. He'll do it when it takes him, and not 
before (C.C.R. . 

4. Used redundantly with and and another v.-\ in gen. 
coUoq. use. 

Ir. Her cherished Nellie 'took and died on her 'of some mysterious 
malady, Barlow Shamrock (1901 17. N.I.' TaVc an' do tliat at 

once. w.Yks. (J.W.) s.Stf. He tak's an' gi'es her his bond 
friendly like, Pinnock Bit. Cy. Ann. '1895;. sw.Lin.' He look 
and did. He took and went. Oxf.' Take and do it, MS. add. 
Brks. Tuk and carried 'un down ther', Ht;GHEsSioi(»-. White Horst 
f '859) ^'- Suf. Dew yew lake and give me that 'ere (C.T.\ Ken.' 
He'd better by half take and get married. Sur.' He'd better by 
odds lake and give up the farm. Hmp. Taake and goo long to bed 
with, do, Gray Ribslone Pippins (1898; 18. Soni. Do lake an' 
speak out, Raymond A/^n o' Meiidip 'iBgS, xvi. Cor. To think that 
they shud take an' rob A widdcr. Daniel Budget, a8. [Amer. He 
took and hit him, Dial. Notes (1896) I. ai2.] 

5. To take root ; to grow. 

ne.Lan.i w.Som.' I put on all the grafts, but they did'n take, 
not one of them. 

6. Of a lamb : to suck from a strange ewe. 

Dor. Mistress and man were engaged in the operation of making 
a lamb 'take,' which is performed whenever a ewe has lost her 
own oll'spring, one of the twins of another ewe being given her as 
a substitute. Hardy Madding C>oirrf(i874) xviii. 

7. T(i sketch, draw. Not.' Lei.' A's tekkin' the choo'ch. 

8. To marry ; to accept as husband or wife. 

ne.Sc. Folks warna slack to say that 1 took him for the sake of 
a couthie doonsit. Grant Keekleton, 10. Cai. I will lake Robert 
Oman, HoRNECoHM/ns/WedSgd) 128. Frf. Wha did he tak? Barrie 
Thrums (1889 1 iii. Slk. He maun look for perfection in the lass 
that takes him, Thomson Di-uinnicldale (1901) 131. Kcb. Whun 
women's silly ancuch tae tak men . . . they whiles hae a deal lac 
pit up wi'. Trotter Gall. Gossip 1901) 73. Dev. I've . . . axed 
Mother Loncy's maid to taake me, PHiLLPOTTsS/ni('/;i^//oKri(i9oO 
162. Cor. The maidens mus be quait persest. For noan ov mun 
wul take ther rest Ontil they lake a man, \)At>izi. Maty Anne's 
Troubles, 9. 

8. To enclose land. w.Yks.^ 10. To charge ; to 

accept as the price. 

Sh.I. Kins doo what Jeemson is lakkin' for hit da year ? Sh.News 
(Apr. 20, 1901). 

11. To cost time. 

Frf. It'll tak's, I'm sure, to get them partit. Sands Poems (1833) 
87. Lnk. Mony an hour stown frae her sleep My wifie they did 
tak'. Miller Willie Winkie ed. 1902) 41. 

12. Offish : to rise to bait readily. 

Sc. The trout 'II no tak ava the d.iy (Jam. Suppl.). n.Yks.' 
' Weel, d' they tak' at all, the moorn ?' ' Neea matters. Ah rose 
a few, yah bit, but Ihey's gien ower agen ' ; n.Yks.* 

13. Of water: to begin to freeze. Chs.'^ 14. To smite, 
strike ; to deliver a blow. 

Sc I'll tak you over the head wi" my rung J.\m.% Sh.I. Taking 
him a crack on the shin, Burgess Sketches (2nd ed.) 51. Abd. 
Took him on the chafts therewith, Ritchie S/. iJnWn'rf 11 883) 113. 
Ayr. My grannie . . . got baud o' the tangs, an' took them alang 
jny mother's cuits, Service Dr. Diigiiid (ed. 1887^ 202. Lnk. I 
takes her a civil nap on the nose, Graham Writings 1883 II. 101. 
Gall. A pebble . . . took Powie Fleemistcr on the elbow joint, 
Crockeit a. Mark (1899") xii. N.I.' A stone just took him in the 
eye. n.Cy. A'. v&^ Q. 1,1880) 6th S. i. 274. Nhb.' He tyuk him sic 
a bat. Ane tuik him on the heed. n.Yks. Hcteak himabat ower 
t'lug (I.W.I. w.Yks. .Shoo dibbled \_sic' up her neive as if shoo 
wor bahn ta tak ma between t'een. Hartley Clock Aim. (1874)31. 
Nbp.2 I took him such a flick o' th' yead. Brks.' I took un a knock 
on the yead wi' this ycr slick. Dev. It [bullctj took'n in the 
shoulder, Norway Parson Peter (1900) 318. 

15. To strike against ; to catch in. 

Ayr. Something took his foot, and he stumbled and fell to the 
ground, Galt Gilhaize (18231 ''i''- Lnk. When I got lae the door, 
losh, ma fute took the mat, An" awa' I gaed sprauchlin' the tap o' 
my hat, Thomson Leddy .May (18831 138. Dmf. His tae took 
Nelly's corner stane, Whilk gart him i' the gutter grane, Quinn 
Lintie ( 1863) 226. Lan. I think j'ou'd belter get on th' box and 
see as Gib doesn't take th' stoop, Westall Biicli Dene (1889) II. 
58. e.An.' Driving a carriage against a large stone, or taking a 
post in brisk motion. 

16. To seize, as with pain or sudden illness ; to aflcct ; 
to happen to. 

Abd. What's ta'en ye the nicht, 'at ye speyfc sae to me ? 
Macdonald Warlock (1882) I. Dmf. What can hae ta'en ye- if I 
may spier, — That ye suld bide i' the muirlan' here ? Kz\D Poems 
(1894) 181. Gall. What's ta'en ye, Kab, since ye gaed awa"! 
Crockett Z.oi;*/rf)7/s (1901) 345. Ir. ' What's look me?' he said, 
with a start. Barlow Martin's Comp. (1896 55. w.Yks. (J.W.I 
n.Lio.' It's a munth sin' I was taa'cn, an' I've nivcr been oot o' bed 

P 2 




sin'. Suf.' Ken. If you or me, Dimmick, was to be took with a 
stroke or a fit, Conih. Mag. (Jan. 1894') 56. w.Som.i The pain 
tookt her in the back. Her was a-tookt fust in the zidc, and tlio 
the pain urned all over her. Dev. I b'ain't sure but what death's 
a-took me! Ford Pos//f />?)•;« (1899') 206. [Amer. A month or 
two ago, when Peter was first took, Cent. Mag. (Feb. 1885) 554] 
17. To burn brightly. Cai.' 18. To blight ; to blast, as 
if by witchcraft ; to infect. 

w.Yks. (C.C.R.) Nhp.i 'The potatoes are tacked again.' 'The 
cankers have tacked the gooseberries and currants.' Particularly 
applied to the early stage of consumption, ' He's tacked.' Applied 
to the effect of heat or frost on vegetation. 'The frost has took 
the greens.' 'The blight has took the apple trees.' War.° The 
frost took the blossoms last night. The blight has took the fruit 
trees ; War.^ The blight in its course has taken the apple trees. 
Shr.2 The fly has taen the turmits. Hnt. (T.P.F.), w.Cy. (Hall.) 

19. To go ; to betake oneself to ; to frequent, haunt. 
Abd. He taks the hill wi' gun an' tyke, OoiLviEy. Ogilvie (1902) 

114. Frf. The body who took the hill for twelve hours on the day 
Mr. Dishart, the Auld Licht minister, accepted a call to another 
church, Barrie Thrums (1889) xv. Per. We took the braes, We 
left the toun like hunted raes, Haliburton Ochil Idylls (1891) 13. 
Lnk. An eerie path . . . That thro' a plantin ta'en, Orr Laigh 
Flichts (1882) II. Gall. He took through the door as if the dogs 
had been after \{\m,Q.v.ocviT.1i Standard Bcayer (\?,<^'&) g6. N.I.' 
They took down the old road. w.Yks. An when safe thear besuar 
an' tack Throo Temple Bar, Tom Treddlehoyle Thowts (1845) 26. 
s.Chs.* Th)ky'aat- took aaj't xi dhu baa'rn ut u praati baat*. Ey 
took oaTjdh ej. I. Ma. If there's ghoses takin anywliere it's in 
trees it is. Brown Yarns (1881) 103, ed. 1889. War. The fox 
was headed and took along themetals, £ws/m);i/c«. (Dec. 11, 1897). 

20. To undertake to do work ; to take a contract for. 
Kcb. It was him took thae drains; . . the factor's gaun tae tak 

them fae him if tliey'r no dune next month, Trotter Gall. Gossip 
(1901) 373. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. Came and took 20 falls 
of delving of me at a 11 shillings, Walkden Diary (ed. 1866) 103. 
w.Som.i We tookt it to low. I widn take it again vor double the 

21. To contest ; to engage in combat. 

w.Vks. We three '11 tak ye three, Leeds Merc. Siifipl. (Oct. 29, 
1898). Oxf. (G.O.) 

22. To acknowledge. 

Wgt. He . . . said he wouldn't believe the wean was his, and 
wouldn't take it when it was born, Saxon Gall. Gossip (1878) 224. 

23. To understand. 

Abd. I hardly take ye . . . but I may, if ye will be plainer. Cobban 
^ngcl {i8g8) 22. Slk. Do you take me? Hogg Tales [^1838) 191, 
ed. 1866. w.Yks. Ah teuk it soa (^.B.). ne.Lan.> Dev. 'Do 
you take me?' Young Reed nodded, Phillpotts Sons 0/ Morning 
(1900) 161. 

24. To think ; to take for granted ; to consider. 

Sh.I. Even dan I tak', my lamb, Dey kenna whedder Sheni, or 
Ham,or Japhethbe'sdir clue, Ollason Vl/(i;«<'/(i90i) 95. n.Yks.* 
If thoo nobbut taks it this road, 230. w.Yks. (J.W.) 

25. To determine ; to induce ; to cause to come. 

ne.Sc. Fat i' the name o' Gweed tak's ye here this time o' nicht ? 
Green Gordonhaven (1887) 52. Ir. What tuk her to go was her 
mind bein' bent To earn us a trifle. Barlow Ghost-bereft (1901 43. 

26. sb. The amount taken, esp. used of a haul or catch 
offish ; the act of catching fish ; also usedyTg'. 

Sc. A gude tack (Jam.). S. & Ork.' Bnff.' We hid a gey gueede 
tack o' haddocks the day. s.Sc. The take of herrings appears in 
different seasons in different places, sometimes in one loch or arm 
of the sea, sometimes in another, Wilson Tales (1836) II. 70. 
Lnk. Though ae trout nieltit frae a tak, Ye didna often squeel, 
Wingate Poems (1862) The Deein Fisher. Gall. Mactaggart 
Encyel. (1824) 443, ed. 1876. Wgt. The fishings are let to a few 
individuals at such rent as necessitates them disposing of their 
' lakes ' at the highest market, Fbaser Wigtown (1877) 192. Nhb. 
It was an old habit of mine to carry a book when I went fishing, 
and many a long hour's reading I have done on Skelter banks 
when the take was off, Graham Red Scaur (1896) 271. n.Yks.^ 
What kin o' tak hae ye had ? Dev. Cider won't gie me my June 
swarm back again, nor my next year's take o' honey, Zack On 
Trial (1899; 78. 

27. A lease ; a renting ; a holding; a small farm ; land 
demised. Also used fii^. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; A contract between a proprietor of lands or houses 
and a tenant for the use of them is, in Scotland, called a tack ; in 
England, a lease, Mitchell Scotticisms (1799) 81 ; Nae man has a 

tack of his life, Ferguson Prow. (1641) No. 662. Sh.I. If doowirks 
hard ipo yon tack o' Pettister doo'll be able to mak a good livin' 
an no mistake, Burgess Sketches (2nd ed.) 17. Or.I. Heritaiges, 
takis, and possiouns. above vrettin, Edb. Antiq. Mag. (1848) 62. 
ne.Sc. Ye canna think o' votin' against the Laird, an' you sae neai 
the end o'yer tack. Grant /ffcWf/o)!, no. Cai.' Frf. Come from 
the hills where your tacks are a-grazing, Sands Po£'»7s (1833 1 154. 
Per. Death brings their tack o't to amane, Haliburton Dunbar 
(1895) 13. Fif. He has a life's tack o' his present place, Meldrum 
Grey Mantle (1896) 294. s.Sc. Enabled them to stock the little 
farm of Rummlcdykes — of which they were so fortunate as to 
obtain a tack, "xVilson Tales (1839) V. 56. Lnk. A new tack 0' 
life is lent ye, Miller Willie Winkic (ed. 1902) 67. N.I.', N.Cy.', 
Nhb.', Dur.', Cum.* n.Yks.' Almost equivalent to lease, except 
that taking for a set term of years is very seldom implied. ' Weel, 
he's gotten t'faarm, an' a desper't good tak' an' all.' ne.Yks.' 
e.Yks.' We've gotten farm on a good tak. w.Yks. '2, ne.Lan.', 
Chs.'23 s.Chs.' It)s dhu best taak- liz evur ahy scyd. Ee')z 
got'n u taak- on it fur li giid men'i eeur. nw.Der.' sw.Lin. 'It's 
in two taks,' i. e. the land is in two portions, taken from different 
owners or held under different agreements, as e. g. under the 
Lincolnshire and Notts, custom as to tenant right, &c. (R.E.C.) 
Lin.' I have got a take of the premises. n.Lin.' Thomas Windle 
must hev gotten a rare cheap tak o' that Greenhoe farm ; why, it's 
as good as thof it was his awn. Lei.' Called a 'Lady-Day take,' 
or a ' Michaelmas take,' according to the time of its commencement. 
In the agricultural districts, Midsummer and Christmas 'takes' are 
unknown. Nhp.' It's a good take. War. The grass opposite his 
lake, Evesham Jrn. (Aug. 13, 1898). s.Wor. (U.K.), Hnt. (T.P.F.) 

Hence (i) Tack-duty, sb., obs., rent ; (2) -house, sb. a 
farm-house ; (3) -man, sb., obs., a manorial officer whose 
duty it was to collect the rents and fines due to the lord ; 
(4) -'s-man or Taxman, sb. a lessee ; a tenant of a higher 
class ; (5) Take-rents, sb. pi., obs., rents received by the 
manorial ' tack-man ' ; (6) to stand to ones tack, phr., obs., to 
keep to one's bargain. 

(i) Edb. Three hundred fifty five pound thirteen shilling (our 
pennies as tack-duty, Hume Z)o"i«s//c Details (1697-1707) 106, ed. 
1843. (2) Arg. We were never near this tack-house before, 
MvtiRo J. Splendid {i8()8) 222. (3) n.Lin.' (4) Sc. (Jam.); I am 
only, in copartnery with others, a tacksman or lessee, Scott Redg. 
{1824) Lett. vi. Sh.I. Who was both a considerable landholder 
himself and a tacksman, HiBBERT/>csf. 5/;. /. (1822) 227, ed. 1891. 
Or.I. The present farmers and taxmen have it for eighteen hundred 
poundssterling, Wallace Z?rscr. Ork. (1693) 242, ed. 1883. ne.Sc. 
Ritchie Cameron, tacksman of the farm of Muirhead, Grant 
Kccklcton, 108. Abd. Themulturesof the town'smilnsof Aberdeen, 
whereof he was but tacksman, Spalding Hist. Sc. (1792) I. 217. 
Per. There's Caution, tax-man of Burnhaugh, NicoL Po£>«s (1766) 
142. Arg. When a man takes a lease of a whole farm, and pays 
^^50 sterling, or upwards, of yearly rent, he is called a tacksman ; 
when two or more join about a farm, and each of them pays a sum 
less than £50, they are called tenants. Statist. Ace. III. 186 (Jam.). 
Kcb. The tacksmen were as 'good' gentlemen as the lairds, to 
whom they were generally near of kin, Sarah Tytler Macdonald 
Lass (1895) 2. s.Sc. Sandy Crawford had been promoted to be 
tacksman at Gairyburn, Wilson Tales (1839) V. 57. Nhb.' (5) 
n.Lin.' (6) Ayr. Now stand as tightly by your tack, Burns 
Author's Cry (1786) st. 6. 

28. An enclosure on a moor. 

Dev. The wall of a ' take ' or enclosure, Evans Tavistock (1846) 
163, ed. 1875; A house surrounded by fields and new takes, 
Baring-Gould Idylls (i8g6) 65. 

29. Piece-work ; work undertaken by contract ; also in 
coiiip. Take-work. 

Wm.On-bi-t-tak(B. K.). n.Yks.* 'Hez ta ta'en'enibyvt'yacckker 
or by t'week ? ' ' Neea, he wadn't be on byv t'vveek, seea Ah've 
ta'en 'em byv t'tak this go.' ne.Yks.' A'e ya ta'en it by tak ? 
w.Yks. It depends whether tha wor on be th' tak or doin day- 
wark, Sad Times (1870) 87. n.Lin.', War. (J.R.W.) Shr.' 
Well, 'e's on'y nine shillin' a wik, reg'lar wages, but the Maister 
'e lets 'im 'ave a bit o' tack-work sometimes. Bdf. (J.W.B.) 

30. A tin-mining term : a bargain of work. 

Cor. I am told it is the habit with dishonest miners when they 
have a good ' take ' to hide away, when they have the opportunity, 
some of the ore, so that they may not appear to have been getting 
too high wages the next setting-day, hovRnz Billy Bray [ei. 
1899) 97; Cor.2 

31. A situation. Or.I. (S.A.B.) 32. A trick at cards. 
Cum.'*, e.An.' Suf.' I've got six tacks. 




33. A sudden catch in the side, &c. ; a sudden illness ; 
esp. an attack of sciatica. Cf. taking, 9. 

Nhb.' Aa've getten a tyek i' me side. Wil.' Dor. Gl. (1851. 

34. A wliitlow. Dor. (W.B.) 35. A state of excitement, 
grief, fluster, &c. Cf. taking, 2. 

Sc. The auld Icddy was in an unco take when he gacd awa', 
Keith Jiidian Uncle (1896) 64. Bnff.' The'rc in an unco tack 
aboot nae geltin' awa'. Rxb. He's in an unco take the day Jam.). 
Cor. Oh, my Guy Faux, rdly ! I'm in a reg'lar take to be here, 
Phillpotts Piopliets (1897) 255. 
36. Disposition. n.Yks.^ Of a queer take. 

TAKEFUL.rtrf/. Dcv. [tekfl.] 1. Capturing, arresting. 

n.Dev. Single her is for love o' the corpse tliat laid a dead and 
takeful hand upo' her house, Zack Dtinslable iVeiy {ii)oi) 190. 
2. Comb. TakefuMooking, attractive, captivating. 

Twadn't iver moore takeful looking than 'tis now, ih. 93. 

TAKEN, />/>/. (k//. Sc.Yks. Lan.Lin.e.An. Also in forms 
ta'en Sc. llan. Lin.' n.Lin.' sw.Lin.' ; tana Sc. (J.\m.) 
[tekan, ta'kan ; ten.] 1. In comb, (i) Taken-away, an 
unhealthy, puny child ; a changeling; (2) -job, work on a 
farm, &c. done by contract instead of by the day; (3) 
•like, pleased ; {4) -work, see (2). 

(i) Sc. The name seems to have been formed from the vulgar 
belief, that the fairies used formerly to carry off, or take away, 
healthy children, and leave poor puny creatures in their room 
(Jam.). Ayr. I begin to liae a notion that he's ... a ta'en awa ; 
and I would be nane surprised that whoever lives to sec him dec 
will find in the bed a benwecd or a windlestrac, instead o' a 
Christian corpse, Galt Entail (1823"! xl. (2) n.Lin.' (3) Draf. 
'Oh Johnnie,' says she, rather taen-like, . . ' I'm glad to see you,' 
Wallace Schoolmastey (1899) 330. (4) Lin.', n.Lin.* sw.Lin.' 
He wants it all ta'en-work. e.Cy. (Hall.) Suf.' 'Tis taken work. 
... I dew it by the job. 
2. Taken aback, surprised, put out of countenance. 

Rnf. Robin seem'd tacn An' ne'er spak' a word, Neilson Poems 
(1877) 50. Ayr. John was terribly ta'en, but he was bent on 
some revenge. Service £)»■. Diigiiid {d. 1887)44. w.Yks. (J.W.) 
Lan. Yo' never seed nob'dy so ta'en i' yore life, Bkierley 
Do\i Oiil ( i859> 49- 

TAKEN, sec Token. 

TAKENER, sb. Sus.' A person taken to learn a trade ; 
a young man employed in a fishing-boat. See Tachener. 

TAKER, sb. Yks. Der. Not. Also in forms takker 
w.Yks.; tekker Not. [ta'k3(r), te'kair).] In comb, (i) 
Next-taker, sb., obs., a lead-mining term : the one who 
made the cross next after the finder, or who had the next 
'mear' in possession; (2) Taker-in, the person who 
inspects the woven goods as he receives them from the 
weavers ; (3) -nieer, obs., a lead-mining term : the ' mear' 
allotted by custom to any person who chose to have one 
set out to him after those of the founder and farmer had 
been allotted ; (4) -off, a boy employed to take off and 
examine bobbins of yarn after spinning and dipping; (5) 
-up, the man who binds sheaves in the harvest-field. 

(I) Der. Tapping Gl. to Maiilovc (1851). (2) w.Yks. Th' takker < 
in 'II reward us, an' whisper well done, Hartley Dillies (1868) 
ist S. 24. (3) Der. A difl'erence may be taken clear Between a 
founder, and a taker-meer, Manlove Lead Mines (1653I 45 ; 
Tapping Gl. to Manlove (1851) ; Taker Mecr is the meer taken by 
the miner, either next the Lord's Meer or the Founder's Mecr or 
the next to the ist, 2nd, or 3rd taker meer or other subsequent 
taker meer, Mander Miners' Gl. (1824) (s.v. Meer). (4) w.Yks. 
(F.R.) {5) Not.2 s.Not. One tekker-up can't work again three 
women (J.P.K.). 

TAKIE, m/y. Obs. Cld. (Jam.) Of food : lasting. 

TAKING, pp., ppl. adj., vbl. sb. and sb. Var. dial, and 
colloq. uses in Sc. and Eng. Also in forms taaykin 
Brks.'; tackin(g Sc. (Jam.) S. & Ork.' Dur.' n.Yks. 
w.Yks. '5 n.Lin.; taening Sc. ; takkan Cum.; takkin(g 
Cum.'" n.Yks.'" e.Yks.' ne.Lan.' s.Lan.'; teking Not.^ ; 
tekkin Not. [tekin, ta'kin, tekin.] \. prp.. ppl. adj. 
and vbl. sb. In comb, (i) Taking-day, (a) the day on which 
a miner takes his cope, or bargains for work with the 
overseer; (6)see below; (2) -disease, an infectiousillness; 
(3) -end, (a) the adapted end ; {b) anything which is 
troublesotne to do or which requires a great deal of 
material ; (4) -funeral, a funeral at which the corpse is 
carried by bearers ; (5) -job, a job taken by contract, not 

by the day ; (6) -on-day, the day for engaging miners, 
&c. ; the day when jobs in a mine are let; (7) -side, in 
phr. to be at the taking-side, to receive something instead 
of paying. 

(t, a) Der. Takindays, when wit and ale were free, Furness 
Medieus (1836) 2a. {b) Cor.' An old custom ... is still duly 
observed at Crowan. Annually, on the Sunday evening previous 
to Praze-an-beeble fair, large numbers of the young folk repair to 
the parish church, and. at the conclusion of the service, they hasten 
to Clowance Park. . . Here the sterner sex select their partners 
for the forthcoming fair. . . Many a happy wedding has resulted 
from the opportunity alTordcd for selection on 'Taking Day 'in 
Clowance Park. Cor'iiian (July 1882). (2) Cum. It's a varra 
takkan disease (E.W.P.). (3, n) n.Yks,* The takkin end of the 
wire is the one to be inserted. (A) n.Yks. It's a tackin' end 
(I.W.). (4) w.Yks. (S.K.C.) (5) Nrf. Yow look as if yow a got 
a takin' job, Cozens-Hardy ZJranrf A';/. (1893'! 41. (6) Cor. On 
the Friday of that blessed week, it was 'taking-on' day at the 
mine, Bourne Billy Bray (ed. 18991 93; Usually in mines, the 
first Monday in the month (M.A.C.) ; Cor.^ Carriers attend and 
olfcr prices for work, the lowest being taken on. Driving ends, 
excavating. &c. are let in the same way, the men who will do it 
for least per fathom being taken on. (7) n.Yks. (I.W.) 

2. sb. A state of excitement, grief, or perplexity ; a fit 
of petulance or temper ; a dilemma ; a sorry plight or 
condition ; in ffeii. colloq. use. Cf. take, 35. 

S. & Ork.', Cld. (Jam.) Rnf. Our brethcrn there are in a very 
sad taking, and need your sympathy very much, Wodrow Carres. 
(1709-31) I. 301, ed. 1843. Gall. She was in a rare taking, 
Crockett yl. 71/a>'/f (1899) .\liii. N.Cy.' To be in a taking about 
something. Nhb. She was in a sair takin' tae think it Willie 
might get a slur upo' his fair fame, Jones A'AA. (.1871) 132. Dur.', 
Cum.'* n.Yks.'; n. Yks. ^ ' She's in a bonny takkin,' in a high 
mood; or in great concern. 'A sour takkin,' an ill humour. 
e.Yks.' Ah nivver seed him i' sike a takkin as when he lieea'd on't. 
w.Yks. Ah nivver saw a wumman e sich an a tackin e me life, 
Tom Treddlehoyle Bairnsla Ann. (1852) 52; w.Yks.' Nivver 
war poor woman i' sike a tackin, ii. 301 ; w.Yks.* I' a bonny 
tacking. Lan. In a terrible takkin abeawt this, Waugh Ilealhct 
(ed. Milner) II. 34. ne.Lan.', s.Lan.' Chs. Sheaf (1880) II. 27; 
Chs.' A person who is very angry is said to be ' in a great taking.' 
Not.3 O ! they're in sich a teking, they've got the bums in the 
house. s.Not. What a tekkin she'll be in to be sure, when she 
knows! (J.P.K.) n.Lin. I never i' all my born days seed our 
Squire in such an a tackin', Peacock R. Skirlaiigh (1870) I. 487. 
sw.Lin.' The house is in such a taking, its so wet. His clothes 
arc in a taking, they're ragged up. Lei.', Nlip.'. 'War.^, w.Wor.' 
s.Wor. 'Er wuz in hover sich a takin' 's marnin' f H.K.). Shr.' In 
a pretty taking. Hrf.', Glo.' Oxf.' What a takin' 'er's in surelye ! 
Brks.' She zimmed in a gurt takin' acause I tawld her as her daler 
was agwaain out to zarvicc. Hrt. They're in a rare taking about it, 
Geary Riir. Life , 1899': 84. w.Mid. She was in a terrible taking 
because she thought she hadn't got her rights (W.P.M.). Hnt. 
(T. P. F.), e.An.2, Sur.' Dor. There, don't 'ee be in sich a takin', 
lad, Francis Fiander's IVidoiv (1901) pt. 11. vii. Dev.' 1 was in a 
sad taking, 18. Cor.' I never saw a woman in such a taking ; Cor.* 

3. A capture ; a haul; a prize. 

Sc. (Jam. S»/>/i/.) Gall. Mactaggart fdQ'c/. (1824). n.Yks.'; 
n.Yks.* A rare takking o' fish. 

4. A swarm of bees. n.Yks.' ; n.Yks.* A brave takkin o' bees. 

5. Food or drink. 

w.Yks. Let 'em offer a (C500 prize for him 'at con invent a drink 
as gooid takin' as ale, an' one 'at willn't mak' fovvk drunk, 
Hartley Dili. (1873) 2nd S. 107. s.Lan.' Good food or drink, is 
said to be good ' takkin'.' 

6. A lease, letting ; a hiring. 

s.Wor. Michaelmas taking ^H.K.X w.Cy. The lettings, here 
called ' settings ' or ' takings,' are at Candlemas, Longman's Mag. 
(Apr. 1898) 546. 

7. A particular piece of work, &c. accepted on certain 
conditions. Lin.' That's my taking, and I'll mow it soon. 

8. See below. 

Gall. When schoolboys catch one another in their games, they 
lay their hands on the head of the one caught ; this ceremony is 
termed taening or taking. Mactaggart Encycl. (1824). 
0. An attack of illness ; a sudden seizure of pain ; a sore, 
swelling; an ulcer, whitlow. Cf. take, 33. 

Shr.' ' Poor Dick 'as bin lame a lungful wilde ; did 'e 'urt 'is 
leg ! ' ' No, it come on itself— a takin' at the bwun ' ; Shr.* Any 
pain or uneasinessofbody which cannot be accounted for. 'A taking 




at the stomach.' Hrf. Duncumb Hisi. Hrf. (1804-12); Hrf.'^, 
w.Cy. (Hall.) 

10. Death. 

n.Dev. I was present at her taking, and Ihougli I be partial to 
death-beds. . . there seemed a bit too much human nature about 
Susan Fippard's, Zack Dunstable Weir (1901) 4. 

11. pi. Receipts, profits. 

Nhb. The postman's pay wad be a great help tae the takin's frae 
the shop, Jones W/A. 11871) 192. w.Yks. T'takkins er newt fera 
hahse like yond (B.K.) ; w.Yks.^ Nut mich tackings at this job. 

TAL, int. Sc. [tal.] An expletive ; used in the phr. 
sal, tal. See Sal(l. 

Frf. They limited their comments to ' Losh, losh,' 'ay, ay,' 
'sal, tal,' ' dagont,' Barrie Toiimiy (1896) vii. 

TALAFAT, see Talfat. 

TALCH, ii. Cor.^ ftEeltJ.] Bran. 

[OCor. talch, bran (Williams).] 

TALE.sA. and v. Sc. Yks.Lan.Not.Lin.War.Wor. Shr. 
Pern. GIo. Oxf. Som. Cor. [tel, teal, tisL] 1. sb. In comb. 
(i) Tale-lobster, a lobster measuring ele'en inches from 
snout to tail ; (2) -'s-man, (3) -master, the authority for a 
statement, one who brings news or originates a statement ; 
(4) -telling-tit, a tell-tale, a tale-bearer. 

(i) Cor.i All that fall short of this the master of a lobster smack 
will only give half-price for. (2) Sc. When one doubts or seems 
to doubt as to the truth of any story it is common to say ' I'll gie 
ye baith tale and talesman ' (Jam.). Abd, Baith tale and talesman 
I to j'ou sail tell. Ross Heleiwrc (1768) 35, ed. 1812. (3) w.Yks. 
Ah've towd ye t'tale an t'tale-maister, an' it's aw Ah know abaht it 
(B.K.). (4) Lan. He's a tale-tellin-tit, that is, Clegg Sketdies 
(1895) 334. 

2. Phr. (i) a tale in a tub, a fable, an old wife's tale ; (2) 
all of a tale, all of the same waj' of thinking; (3) to tell a 
tale, to succeed, answer, turn out profitably ; (4) with one's 
tale, according to one's own account ; in one's own esti- 
mation ; always used in derision or contempt. 

(i) w.Yks.2 (2) Not. ' Nay, if yo're all of a tale—' ' Wc are.' 
' Then it's no good for to send the question round any more if it's 
alius to get the same answer,' Prior Forest Flk. (igoi) 105. (3) 
w.Yks.' (4) Sc. He's gaun to tak a big farm, wi' his tale. Puir 
silly tawpie, she's gaun to get a gryte laird, wi' her tale (Jam.). 

3. A number, esp. a specified number or quantity ; a 

n.Yks.i He'slivered 'em all, t'full tale ; n.Yks.* War.^ Nails are 
yet sold in Birmingham by tale— until recent years by the short 
tale (750) and long tale (950), but now by tale only. w.Wor. 
What do you make the tale of 'em ? S. Beauchamp N. Hamilton 
(187511.258. Cor.i 

4. The full number of eggs a hen lays before she becomes 
' broody.' See Lay-tale. 

w.Som.i I han't a single broody hen to my name, else I let 'ee 
'ave one in a minute ; nother one o'm an't a-laid out their tale. 

5. A falsehood; a story of doubtful authority. 

n.Lin.i Oh, you must n't tak' no noatice on her, she tells taales; 
slie's a real doon storier, that's what she is. s.Wor.' Don't you 
listen to what them chaps says, Owner; 'tis nothin' but tales. 
Glo. (A.B.), Oxf. (G.O.) 

6. V. To count ; also with out. 

War.^ Shr.' I tale them ship to forty — 'ow many bin a? 

Hence Taler, sb. a man who keeps count of wedding 
presents. s.Pem. Laws Little Eiig. (1888) 421. 7. To 
gossip ; to chatter; to tell a tale. 

w.Som.' Her's always ready to taly way anybody. 

Hence Taler, sb. a tale-bearer, ib. 

TALE, see Taal. 

TALENT, s6.' Yks. [talsnt.] A person with an 
overweening opinion of himself. w.Yks. (C.C.R.) 

TALENT, 56.2 se.Wor.' [tffi-lant.] A dial, form of 
' talon.' ITalant of an havi\i,vngula. Levins Maiiip. (1570).] 

TALE-PYET, sb. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Also written tale-piet Sc. (Jam.) w.Yks.' ne.Lan.' ; -pyot 
n.Yks.^ ; -py't Sc. ; and in forms tale-pie N.Cy.' ; teaaly- 
pyet, tealepiet Cum.; teally-pyet Cum.' ; tealy- Cum.*; 
teealy-pyatt Wm. ; teyl-peyat e.Yks. ; tyel-piot Nhb.' 
[tel-, tia'l-paiat.] A tell-tale; an informer; a tattler. 
See Pyet, Tell-piet, s.v. Tell, II. 2 (5). 

Sc.(Jam.); Nevermind me, sir — lamnotale-pyet,ScoTT.<^H/('yHa;3' 
(1816) iv. Lnk. Naething will cross my lips. I'm nae tale-pyet. 

Kraser IVhaiips (1895) ix. Lth. An' sic' a steer as granny made 
when tale-py't Jamie Rae We dookit roarin'at the pump.SxRATHESK 
More Bits (ed. 1885 1 36. Gall. Mactaggart Encyd. (1824) 406, ed. 
1876. N.Cy.', Nhb,' Cum. Neabody can say 'at ah's a teale piet, 
Joe and Landlord, 8; Ah niver was a teaaly-pyet eh me life, 
Sargisson Joe Scoap (1881) 81 ; Cum.'" Wm. Teealypyatt, 
teealypyatt, sits o' t'kirk Steele Wi' a scab on his arce as big 
as t'mill wheel (B.K.). n.Yks.^ e.Yks. Marshall Rur. Econ. 
(1796). w.Yks.', ne.Lan.' 

TALER, sb. Obs. Sc. (Jam.) Also written talor and 
in form tolor Fif. State, condition. 

n.Sc, In better taler. Fif. Anything is said to be in gude talor, 
when in a proper state for the purpose in view; as water when 
heated to a sufficient degree for washing. 

TALFAT, sb. Cor. Also in forms talafat Cor.= ; 
talfoot, talfut Cor.^ [tselfat.] 1. A raised alcove for a 
bed. Cf. tallet. 

A little hut of two rooms and a ' talfat,' Hunt Pop. Rout. iv.Eitg. 
(1865) 120, ed. 1896; Cor.' = 

2. A loft over a stable or other building. Cor.^ Hence 
Talfutladder, sb. the outside stairs for reaching a loft. ib. 

3. A bench. w.Cor. (J.W.) 
TALIWAG, see Telewag. 

TALK, V. and sb. Irel. Yks. Lan. Midi. Der. Lin. War. 
Wor. Shr. Oxf. Nrf. Ess. Sur. Sus. and Amer. [t^k, 
toak, tak.] 1. v. In phr. (i) to talk a dog's or a horse's 
hind leg off, to be very loquacious ; (2) — alike, to come to 
terms ; to make an agreement ; (3) — fine, to speak 
affectedly; to use standard English as distinguished 
from dialect; (4) — prettily, to refrain from censure or 
calumny ; (5) — shoddy, to talk nonsense ; (6) — straight, 
to talk intelligibly or coherently ; (7) — thin, to talk in a 
low voice ; (8j — to a woman, to court her ; (9) — to one's 
mommets, obs., to converse in a low voice with oneself. 

(I) Lan. A', tr O. (1868) 4th S. ii. 488. Midi., Nrf. Talk, talk, 
talk ; enough to talk a horse's hind leg off, ib. 591. Sur.' I never 
seesich a fellow to go on. he would talk his dog's hind leg off any 
day. (2) Ess. He wanted to put the rents up, and as he and I 
couldn't talk alike about it, I wouldn't take 'em on again, Burmester 
Ju/i 11 Lotl{igoi) 13. (3) Sc.(A.W.), w.Yks. (J.W. !, s.Lan.' n.Lin.' 
OorSabinahes gotten to talk fine nooshe's been to Win terton; when 
ony body tells her oht e'stead o' saayin' ' Aw,' she says, ' I'm 
'stonished.' Oxf.' When thee comes back, I spuse thee'lt talk fine 
and say, ' Is this the cat that was the kit when I first went to 
taown,' MS. add. (4) w.Yks. Talk prattley— may be if he wor 
weighed up he's a better man nor yo. Hartley /);//. (1868)87. 

(5) w.Yks. Tha'rt talkin' shoddy, Snowden Tales IVolds (1893) vii. 

(6) n.Yks. He couldn't talk straight (I.W.). (7) Sus.' He talk so 
thin that no-one can't scarcely hear what he says. (8) Cav. Pat 
is talking to Kate this six months, they'll soon be married (M.S.M.). 
[Amer. Judge Jackson's son has been talkin' to my daughter nigh 
on a year. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 374.] (9) Shr.' ' I thought theer 
wuz summat gvvein on ; I sid owd Mister Ambler stan'in' i' the 
lane talkin' to 'is mommets.' Mr. James Ambler was a man whose 
opinion was much respected, but he seldom gave it without taking 
counsel with himself, and was noted for 'talkin' to 'is mommets.' 
The term mommet, thus employed, would seem to have retained 
some lingering sense of the O.E. iiiaumet,an idol to which prayer 
would be addressed. 

2. To say. 

War.3 se.Wor.' ' Is your ooman a gwain tti Asum to-day, Jums ? ' 
' Well 'er talks a sholl, Betty; uf it keeps dry over yud 'owever.' 

3. To talk boastfully or falsely. n.Yks. (I.W.), Der.' 

4. 'With over; to wander in delirium. Lin.', n.Lin.' 

5. To talk reasonably. 

n.Yks. You talk now (I.W.). w.Yks. (J.W.), Oxf. (G.O.) 

6. sb. In phr. bad talk, bad language. 

Ker. Givin' bad talk to a decent woman ! Bartram Wliiteheaded 
Sq>i (1898) 10. 

7. Gossip ; report. 

n.Yks.-*, w.Yks. (J.W.) s.Oxf. This could not go on long 
without 'talk,' Rosemary Cliilteriis (1895) 143. 

TALKATION, sb. Chs.' A light discourse. 

TALKING, ppl. adj. Sc. Cor. 1. In comp. Talking- 
bush, obs., a bush of holly put at the topmast head ; see 

Cor. ' Christmas is Christmas. When I was young at such times 
there wouldn't be a ship in the harbour without its talking-bush.' 




'What is a talking-bush? ' ' And you pretend to be a sailor ! Well, 
well — not to know what happens on Christmas night when the 
clocks strike twelve!' ' Do— the— ships— talk!' 'Why of course 
they do ! ' Pall Mall Mag. (Oct. 1901 , 182. 
2. Talkative. 
Ayr. He being loose-tongiied, and a talking man, Galt Gil/uiice 
(18231 xxiii. 

Not. [t9'ki.] Talkative, esp. when 

w.Yks. (J.W.) s.Not. A know the 

TALKY, adj. Yics, 
slightly intoxicated. 

n.Yks. (I.W.), e.Yks. 
gell's very talky ^J.P.K.\ 

TALLACK, see Tallet, Tallock. 

TALLAGE, sb. Obs. Dor. In phr. lo go tallage, to 
go softly. Haynes Voc. (c. 1730) in iV. &- Q. (1883) 6t!i S. 
viii. 45. 

TALLAN, sb. So. Also in forms tallin, tallown. A 
dial, form of ' tallow.' 

Sc. Duncan £/>■««. (1595). Sh.I. Afore da yow wis taen up, 
her tallin wis cauld sturkn'd, Sh.News (Jan. 13, 1900). Elg. Lasses 
braws were spoil'd \vi' tallan, Gordon Poems (182B) 217. 

Hence Tallowrnyfaced, adj. sallow. 

Ayr. Leezock kent brawlies she was nae great heart-break 
hersel', — awful' kin' o' tallowny-faced an' coorse-traited. Service 
Dr. Diigiiitt fed. 1887) 223. 


TALLBOY, sb. Lan. Chs. Shr. [t9l boi, -bai.] A 
tall, narrow ale-glass, standing on a stem. 

ne.Lan.', s.Lan.', Chs.', s.Chs.' Shr.' Missis, the Maister wants 
a jug o' ale at the 'orse-block, an' two tumbler-glasses — 'e said nod 
to sen' them tallboys, kigglin'. 

TALLENT, TALLERT, TALLER, see Tallet, Tallow, 

TALLET, sb. Chs. Stf. Der. War. Wor. Shr. Hrf Pern. 
Glo. Oxf Brks. Hmp. I.W. Wil. Dor. Som. Dev. Cor. 
Also written tallat w.Wor.' s.Wor.' Shr.'^ Brks. Wil. 
Dev. Cor. ; tallit Stf Der. War.^ se.Wor.' Dev. ; tallet 
Glo. Hmp.'Wil.'; tallut Glo.'= Brks.' Dev.' ; and in forms 
tallackCor.= ;taUantChs.'s.Chs.'Shr.'IIrf.";talIardHrf' 
w.Cy. ; tallart Hmp.; tallent Shr.* Hrf w.Cy. ; tallert 
Shr.= ; tallicCor.*; talotSom.; tollardHrf; toUatPem.; 
toilet Hrf.'; tollit Hrf.= Oxf; tullet Brks. [ta'lat, 
tae'lat, -it; ta'lant, tae'lant.] 1. A hay-loft, esp. one over 
a stable ; the unceiled space beneath the roof in any 
building; an attic. Cf talfat, tarrat. 

Chs.' s.Chs.' Gy'et iip upu th taal iint, un throa-sum ee'daayn 
i^h bing- fur dhu ky'ey. Stf., Der. (J.K.), War.^ w. Wor. Under 
the lather, sur, as were agin the tallet, S. Beauchamp Giaiilley 
Grange ,1874) II. 45; w.Wor.', s.Wor.', se.Wor.' Shr.' That bit 
o' clover can g60 o' the tallat, it inna wuth makin' a stack on ; Shr.* 
Hrf. BovnD Proviijc. (1876) ; Hrf.'* s.Pera. Is'n't it most time for 
yea to come down from the tallet there? (W.M.M.") ; Laws Lillle 
Eng. (1888) 421. Glo. Baylis Illiis. Dial. (1870) ; Glo.'*, Oxf.', 
Brks. (W.H.Y.);M&Q.(i87i) 4th S. viii. 441; Brks.',Hmp.(H.E.), 
Hnip.'.I.W.i w.Cy. Morton C)r/o..^^nc.(i863\ Wil. I beseech you 
let me lie and die in some hay tallat, Li/e B. M. Carew (1791) 99; 
Wil.' Dor. Up in the tallet with ye . . . and down with another 
lock or two of hay. Hardy fW/f/fer/n (1876) II. xlvi; Dor.' Som. 
Sweetman IViitcanloH Gl. (1885'). w.Som.' The vlcor o' the tallet's 
proper a-ratted. Titv. Reports Proviiic.{\Q'ii) no; Dev.' Maester 
was staunding by the tallut, 4. nw.Dev.' e.Dtv. A truss of hay 
up in the tallat, Blackmore Perlycross (1894) xii. Cor. A tallat — 
that is a shed, wattled and roofed with gorse bushes, and with an 
open door, Baring-Gould Gaverocks (1887) xliv ; Cor.'^ 
2. Comp. Tallet-ladder, the ladder leading up to a hay- 

s.Wor. I alius used to have the tallet lather when I was tarring 

[Wei. tajlod, s.Wel. towlod, a hay-loft or ' tallit ' ; cp. Olr. 
taibled, a story ; an early Celtic loan word from Lat. 
tabulatum, N. S^ Q. (1893) 8th S. iv. 450.] 

TALLIATION, sb. Sc. Yks. [ta'li-ejan.] Adjustment 
or tally of one thing with another. 

Sc. (Jam.) Ayr. Wcel wat 1 that your ellwand would hae been 
a jimp measure to the sauvendie o' his books and Latin taliations. 
Galt Enlail {1623) xxxi. w.Yks. (J.W.) 

TALLIC, see Tallet. 

TALLICK, sb. Yks. [ta'lik.] A dyer's term : alkali 
or soda-ash used in scourmg. w.Yks. (H.H.) 

TALLIN, TALLION, see Tallan, Italian. 
TALLIWAP, sb. Obs. Sc. A stroke ; a blow. 
Per. Dugald . . . general o' the north ; Wha gave the Spaniards 
such a talliwap, Donald am/ Flora, 61 (Jam.'>. 

TALLOCK, .si!.. Yks. Chs. Fit. Stf Der. Also written 
tallack Chs.' Fit.; and in form tallocker w.Yks. [talak.] 
A good-for-nothing, idle person; a ragamuffin; a slatternly 

w.Yks. Shoo is a tallocker, Leeds Mere. Siippl. (Nov. 12, 1898). 
Chs.i A dirty tall.ick. s.Chs.', Fit. (T.K J.) Stf. Ellis Pronunc. 
1^1889) V. 417. nw.Der.' 

Hence Tallocking, ppl. adj. idle, good-for-nothing; 

slovenly, untidy. 

s.Chs.' Hoo's ahoDZv tallockin'brivit. Didiiahoolook tallockin? 

TALLOW, 5A.' Sc. Yks. Lin. Nhp. Glo. Oxf Also in 
form taller n.Yks." [tala, t»b.J 1. In comp. (i) 
Tallowcake, (a) the fat of animals rolled up in the form 
of a cake ready for the chandler; (b) a cake made with 
the fat from about an animal's kidney ; (2) -core, (3) -craps, 
(4) -crawt, the scraps of fat and skin which remain after 
the tallow has been rendered ; (5) -hued, pale, wan ; (6) 
■jack, a candle; (7) -leaf, the covering of fat which envelops 
the entrails of an animal ; (81 -powk, a bag through which 
melted tallow is strained when refining. 

(i, (I) yt.Yks. Leeiis Merc. Siippl. (Nov. 12, 1898 ; w.Yks.', Nhp.' 
lb) n.Yks.", ne.Yks.' (2i Lin.' (3) n.Yks.'", w.Yks.' n.Lin.l 
The tallow-craps are pressed into cakes and used as food for dogs. 
(4) Lin.' Used as food for pigs. (5) w.Yks.' (6) w.Yks.^ (7) 
Gall. When an ox or sheep has a gude tallow-leaf it is considered 
to have fed well, and to be deep on the rib, Mactaggart Encycl. 
(1824). (8) 'Hertallow-powkhideshescryng'din the tide." People 
with tannyskinsare said to hae hides as din asthe tallow-powk, i'4. 

2. Obs. Fat. 

s.Sc. Ance I was a fat stark fallow. . . Now I've neither flesh 
nor lallow. A' my sap and fushion's gane.T. Scorr Po<-n(5 ( 1 793) 360. 

3. Concrete stalactite found in oolitic rock. 

Glo.'* .So called from its appearance. Oxf. Beautiful plumose 
stalactites are often found in the fissures of the rock, and are 
called by the workmen, from an obvious though coarse analogy, 
tallow, Woodward Geol. Eng. and IVal. (18761 185. 

TALLOW, s6.* Sus. [Not known to our other corre- 
spondents.] ? A sapling. (F.H.) 

[Cp. OE. lel£;ot; a shoot, twig, plant (Sweet).] 

TALLOWN. TALLUT. see Tallan, Tallet. 

TALLWOOD, see Talwood. 

TALLY, sb., V. and adv. Var. dial, uses in Eng. [tali, 
tali.] \. sb. In fo«;/. (i) Tally-board, aboard on which 
an account is notched or chalked ; esp. one on which the 
record of a weaver's work is kept ; (2) -fellow, a travelling 
draper, esp. one who gives secret credit and takes pay- 
ment in small instalments ; (3) -husband, a man living 
with a woman to whom he is not married ; (4) -man, (n) 
a hop-picking term : the man who marks the tallies used 
to record the hops picked, and who measures the hops in 
a bushel basket; (b) see (2); (c) see (3); (5) -wife, a 
woman living with a man to whom she is not married ; 
(6) -woman, a married man's mistress ; a concubine. 

(i) Lan.', s.Lan.' 12) s.Lan.' (3) e.Lau.', s.Lan.' (4, <i) 
w.Wor.', Ken.' [b) Lakel.* w.Yks. Yo didn't tell uz wot ftally- 
nian charged yo for that cap yo've gotten on, Tom Treddlehovle 
Bairnsia A>tii. (1895") 29. Lan. Tlioose tallymen theaw oft may 
see Wi' wawkin' slick un wallet, Charlesworth Thninis, 31. 
s.Lan.'. War.3, Hrt. II. G.), Ken. (D.W.L.), Hmp. (H.CM.B.), 
Wil. (K.M.G.) (c'] LakeL* Yks. Brewer (1870). (5) w.Yks.* 
n.Lan. are threescore queens, and fourscore tally wives, an 
maiids weowt number, Piiizackckley Sng. Sol. (i860 vi. 8. 
e.Lan.', s.Lan.', Chs.'. s.Chs.', nw.Der.' (61 w.Yks.* 

2. Phr. ( I ) lo keep tally, to keep count ; to keep accounts ; 
(2) iMhout tally, innumerable. 

(i) Nlib.' Ill delivering cargoes, one of the porterpokemen 
usually ' keeps tally.' n.Yks.* I'm a bad hand at keeping tally. 
e.Yks.' Thoo mun keep tally, MS. add. (T.H.) (2) Nhb. Maidens 
wivoot tally, RoBSON Sng. Sol. (1860^ vi. 8. 

3. Half of a stick given by the pound-keeper to the 
person on whose property the pounded animal has tres- 

Brks. The constable is our pound keeper. When he puts any 
beasts into the pound he cuts a stick in two and gives one piece 




to the person who brings the beasts and keeps the other himself; 
and the owner of the beasts has to bring the other end of the stick 
to him before he can let them out. Therefore the owner, you see, 
must go to the person who has pounded his beasts, and make a 
bargain with him for payment of the damage which has been done, 
and so get back the other end of the stick, which they call tlie 
'tally,' to produce to the pound keeper, Hughes T. Blown 0.\f. 
(1861) xxix; Brks.i 

4. A coal-mining term : a metal or leather label attached 
to a tub of coal showing the number of the collier who 
has sent it up. Nhb., Dur. Nicholson Coal Tr. Gl. (1888). 
n.Stf (J.T.) 5. A reckoning; a memorandum. n.Yks." 

6. The last unit of a number specified ; see below. 
Nhb.^ Tlie number of bricks, or cheese, or bundles is counted as 

they are passed from hand to hand, the last man but one repeating 
the figures aloud. If the articles are counted singly they are called 
out up to the nineteenth ; but instead of calling out ' twenty ' 
the word ' tally ' is substituted ; thus — ' eighteen, nineteen, tall^'.' 
The score is then marked by a simple line drawn with a piece of 
chalk. After four strokes are made, the fifth is drawn through 
them diagonally from left to right, like the cross-bar of a field gate, 
and the symbol one hundred is thus indicated. In counting 
articles that can be lifted in groups the tale is thus made — ' five, 
ten, fifteen, tally.' w.Yks.^; w.Yks.* In counting any articles 
sold by the hundred, one is thrown out after each hundred that is 
called the tally. Nhp.' They are usually given in to the purchaser. 
Cor. Into this [boat] the fish [mackerel] are counted by two men, 
who in turn take up three fish at a time and count them as one. 
When forty-one has been counted in this manner the next one says 
' Tally ! * which signifies the completion of a hundred — really one 
hundred and twent^'-six, or three times forty-two, Cooil U'lh. 
ii896) 18. 

7. A specified number or weight; see below; in hop- 
picking: the number of bushels for which the picker 
receives a shilling. 

Glo.' 25 sacks of corn. Lon. I buy turnips by the 'tally.' A 
tally's five dozen bunches, Mayhew Loud. Laboiii- (1851) I. 92. 
Sur.' What's the tally? He was making ninepence a tally of his 
cabbages ; the tally in that case was sixty. 

8. A match ; a pattern. 

w.Yks.^ Whear's that bit o' tally I gah thuh this morning? 

9. Obs. A company or division of voters at an election. 
Cum.^'', ne.Lan.', Som. (Hall.) 10. Obs. A term used 
in playing ball when the number of aces on both sides 
was equal. n.Cy. (Hall.) 11. Traffic, trade, profit. 

Cor. (Joo, coo, my dear, 'tes poor tally to have to do vveth spirits, 
Harris Oiiy Cove (1900) 30 ; Coasting was but ' poor tally ' in the 
winter months, ib. 168. 

12. Fig. Score, ground. 

Dev. I ain't got no fault to find wi' him on that tally, Zack 0« 
Trial (1899) 80. 

13. V. To reckon by fives ; marking four perpendicular 
strokes with another across. s.Pem. (W.M.M.) 14. To 
keep count of goods supplied or of work done. Nhb.', 
Lan. (S.W.) 15. A hop-picking term : see below. 

Sur.* To tally at seven or eight is to get a shilling for seven or 
eight bushels. When they first begiii to pick they will say, 
' We've not j'et heard what we shall tally at.' 

16. To match, correspond. 

e.Yks. What's tha brovvt theeas for? They deean't tally, 
Nicholson Flk. Sp. (1889) 84 ; e.Yks.' Theease gleeaves dizn't 
tally, MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks.^ 'Ahbowt a remnant at a auction- 
saale ; ah thowt it ad du to mend me gam wi' if t'colour didn't 
tally like.' 'Does that bit tally?' 'Aye, it tallies weel enilf.' 
Oxf. (G.O.) 

17. To agree, accord. 

n.Yks.^ I deeant tally wi' ye. e.Yks. ' Oor idees nivver tallied, 
MS. add. ^T. H.) w.Yks.^ They doan't tally weel together. 
s.Lan.i Him an' her conno' tally t'gether. e.Dev. He an' all th' 
workmen tally, Pulman Sketches (1842) 23, ed. 1853. 

18. To live as man and wife without being married. 
vv.Yks. (S.P.U.), w.Yks.s 19. adv. In phr. to live tally, 
to live together as man and wife without being married. 
See Live, v. 11. 1 (4). 

LakeL'^ w.Yks. They're noane wed, they're nobbut livin' tally, 
Leeds Merc. Siifipl. (Nov. 12, 1898) ; w.Yks.", e.Lan.', m.Lan.i, 
s.Lan.' Chs. S/icn/ (1879) I. 292. s.Chs.' They bin livin' tally. 

TALLY, see Tally-iron. 

TALLY-CAKE, sb. Som. Also in form -cheese. A 
kind of trifle. (W.F.R.) 

TALLYDIDDLE, sb. Der. [ta'lididl.] A foolish or 
untrue tale. 

Yo may tell her aw t'tallydiddles yo can think on, Ward David 
Grieve (1892) I. i. 

TALLY-HO, sb. Cor.^ [tae'li-o.] A wide, covered 
passage between two houses. 

TALLY-HOTHE-HOUNDS, fb. Sc. A boys' game. 

Lth. Many of their games needed little but swift limbs and good 
lungs ; such as ... ' Foot an' a half,' ' Cnddyloup,' and ' Talley ho 
the hounds,' Strathesk More Bits (ed. 1885) 33. 

TALLY-IRON, sb. and v. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Chs. Der. Lin. Oxf Dev. Also in forms talianiron 
w.Yks.; talion- Oxf; tallian- Dev.; tally Jr. Nhb.' 
e.Yks.' w.Yks. s.Lan.' ; tally-ine Der. ; tallyin-iron Nhb.' 
s.Chs.' ; tally-oiron s.Lan.' [ta'li-, tEeli-aian.] 1. sb. 
A corruption of ' Italian-iron ' ; see below. See Italian- 
iron, s.v. Italian (i). 

Ir. (A.S.-P.) S.Don. Simmons Gl. (1890). Nhb.' A hollow, 
round cast iron about an inch and a half diameter and nine inches 
long, one end open to receive a heater ; the other smoothly 
rounded. It is mounted on a stand and used to make the series 
of wavy folds in women's caps. * The pan-lids, an' tallys, an' 
snuffers, se breet,' Robson Sngs. 73'«<'(i849) 236. Lakel.", Cum.* 
Wm. We keep the tally-iron in memory of my grandmother (B.K.). 
e.Yks.' MS. add. fT.H.) w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Siippl. (Nov. 12, 
1898). Lan. (C.J.B.), e.Lan.i, s.Lan.', s.Chs.' Der. They be 
Sarah Andrew's tallyines, Gilchrist A'/f/;o/fls( 1899) 178. nw.Der.', 
Lin.i Oxf.' Yet the big talion iron, MS. add. s.Dev. (F.W.C.) 

Hence Tally-yetter, sb. a heater for a ' tally-iron.' 

Lan. Redden tlii nose till it looks like a tally-yetter, Brierley 
Fralchingtoiis (1868) 61, ed. 1882. s.Lan.' 

2. V. To crimp the borders of a cap, &c. with a' tally-iron.' 

S.Don. Simmons Gl. (1890). Nhb.' e.Yks.' 71/5. add. (T.H.) 

w.Yks. Summat like Billy Copperpeg's noaze wor when hiz wife 

tallied her cap screed on it, Tom Treddlehoyle Baiiiisla Ann. 

(1846J 14 ; w.Yks.5g6, s.Lan.' 

TALLY- WAG, sb. s.Chs.' nw.Der.' [ta-li-wag.] 

Membrum virile. 

TALTIE, sb. Obs. Ags. (Jam.) A wig. 

TAL'WO0D,s6. Ken. (Hall.) Sus.' Also written tall- 
wood. [t9lwud.] Woodcleft and cut into billets for firing. 

[For charcole and sea cole, as also for thacke. For 
tallwood and billet, as yeerlie ye lacke, Tusser Hiisb. 
(1580) 119.] 

TALYEE, see Tailyie. 

TAM, sb. and adj. Cor. Also in form tame, [taem.] 

1. sb. A morsel ; a piece. Cor.'^ 2. adj. Short, dwarf 
(B. & H.), Cor.' Hence Tam-Furze or Tame- Furze, sb. 
the dwarf furze, Ule.i: nanus. (B. & H.), Cor."^ 

|OCor. tain, a morsel ; a bite (Williams).] 

TAM, see Taum, Tom, Turn. 

TAME, adj. and v.'- Lin. Hmp. I.W. Wil. [tem, 
team.] 1. adj. In comb, (i) Tame bee, a stingless fly 
not unlike a bee ; (2) — flowers, a child's word for garden 
flowers as distinguished from wild-flowers ; (3) — flyer, 
a tame duck which has been attracted from a farm-yard 
by wild-ducks and has joined them in a decoy-pond ; (4) 
— withy, the rosebay, Epilobiitm angustifolitim, when 
cultivated in a garden. 

(i, 2, 3) n.Lin.i (4) Hmp.', I.W. (B. & H.) 

2. V. Obs. ? To cultivate or till the ground. 

Wil. By that time the ground will be tamed. Lisle Husbandry 
(1757) 100 ; WiL' 

TAME, v.^ vv.Cy. Som. Dev. [tem, team.] To begin 
to cut ; to cut ; to prune. 

w.Cy. (Hall.) e.Soni. W. & J. Gl. (1873). w.Som.' Rare. 
To tame a bush. Dev. Of a rose-bush, ' I think you have tamed 
him enough, sir,' Reports Provinc. (i88i) 17. s.Dev. We shall 
have to tame the rick (J.B.). 

[Cp. ME. attaniin (OFr. atamer), to pierce, broach (a 
vessel) (Stratmann).] 

TAMER, sh.^ Sc. [te'mar.] 1. The sharp-nosed eel, 
Anguilla aciiliroslris. Gall. (J.M.) 2. The broad-nosed 
eel, Anguilla latirostris. ib. 




TAMER, sb.^ Obs. Nrf. Suf. Also in form taamer 
Nrf. A team. See Teamer, sb. 1. 

Nrf. I ha' likened yow, O my love, to a taamer o' bosses in 
Pharer's charrits, Gillett Sng. Sol. (i860) i. 9. Suf.l 

TAMLINCOD, sb. Cor. [taemlin-kod.] A young 

The young, or tamlin-cod, may be eaten in the summer, Couch 
Hist. Polperro (1871) 113. 

TAMLYN, sb. Cor. [tae-mlin.] A miner's tool. 

Ef I doan slam this tamlyn souse into their jaws, J.Trenoodle 
Spec. Dial. (1846) 33; Cor.'* 

TAMMACHLESS, adj. Obs. Fif. (Jam.) 1. Of a 
child : not eating with appetite. 2. Tasteless, insipid. 

TAMMAS, see Thomas. 

TAMMAT.sA. s.Pem. Also written tammot. [tae'mst.] 
A small load ; as much hay or straw as a man can carry. 
Laws Little Eiig. (1888) 421 ; (W.M.M.) Cf. tam. 

TAMMIL, V. Obs. Lth. Rxb. (Jam.) 1. To scatter 
from carelessness. Lth. 2. To scatter or strew from 
design, as money amongst a crowd by candidates at an 
election. Rxb. 

TAMMOCK, sb. Sc. Irel. Also in forms tomack, 
tommack Gall. (Jam.) [ta'mak.] A hillock ; a little 
knoll in a marsh or in damp grazing land. Cf. tummock. 

Gall. A rouch curr tyke, seated in a comfortable manner on some 
foggy tomack, Mactaggart £«<:)'(•/. (1824) /h/»0(/. 9; (Jam.) Kcd. 
Twa herds . . . straught down on tammocks clap Their nether 
ends, Davidson Seasons (1789) 5. N.I.i Ant. It has generally a 
boulder in the centre, Ballymeua Obs. (1892). 

TAMMY, sb. w.Yks.^ [ta-mi.] In cotnp. (i) Tammy- 
board, a thin slab of wood used for folding waistcoatings 
or light cloths round ; (2) -hall, obs., the place where 
goods of tammy were exposed for sale. 

TAMORN, TAMPERY, see To-morn, Temporary. 

TAMSIN, sb. Ken. [tae-nizin.] A little clothes' horse. 

Ken.' ; Ken.* Tamsin, or Thomasin, is a woman's name, as if it 
did the servant's business called by that name. 

TAMSON, sb. Sc. Irel. Also written Thamson Rnf. ; 
and in form Thomson Edb. [ta-mssn.] In phr. (i)Jolin 
Tamson's news, stale or unimportant news ; (2) Tamson's 
mare, ' Shanks' pony,' walking ; (3) to be John Tamson's 
bairns or man, to be on an equality ; to be of one stock or 

(i) Tyr. (D.A.S.) Don. All that's John Tamson's news. 
Harper's Mag. (Oct. 1900) 794. (2) Sc. Tamson's mear would 
never be the thing for me this day of all days, Stevenson Calrioiia 
(1893) xix. (3) Frf. ' We're a' John Tamson's bairns,' ye say; 
Hech, birkies, but I doot ye're wrang. Watt Po^A Sketches (1880) 
72. Per. It's o' the Lord's mercies we're no consumed, gentle and 
simple thegither ; we're a' John Tamson's bairns sae far as that 
gangs, Cleland Inchbracken (1883) 108, ed. 1887 ; Endit were my 
misfortunes than. If ye were ance John Tamson's man, Hali- 
BURTON Dunbar (1895) 62. Rnf. We're a' John Thamson's bairns, 
In unity let us agree, Webster Rhymes (1835I 19. Lnk. We're 
a' John Tamson's bairns, guid wife, Nicholson Hame Idylls {i8-]o) 
122. Edb. Women here, as well we ken, Would have us all John 
Thomson's men, Pennecuik IVks. (1715) 329, ed. 1815. 

[(3) God gif je war Johne Thomsounis man ! Dunbar 
Poems (c. 1510), ed. Small, II. 218.] 

TAMTARRIE, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written tamtary 
(Jam.). The state of being detained under frivolous pre- 
tences ; the state of being hindered. 

Sc. To hold one in tamtary, to vex or disquiet him, Ruddiman 
Itttrod. (1773) (s.v. Tary) (Jam.). S. & Ork.i 

TAMTEEN, sb. Sc. A corrupted form of ' tontine.' 

(Jam.) ; Lucky Dods can hottle on as lang as the best of them 
— ay though they had made a tamteen of it, Scott St. Ronait 
(1824) i. 

TAM-TRAM, v. Bnff.' [ta'm-tram.] To play; to 
play fast and loose. 

TAN, sb.^ and v.^ Sc. Sti. Ken. Sus. Dev. [tan, tsen.] 

1. sb. In cowA. (i) Tan-flawing, the business of stripping 

the bark off trees ; (2) -turves, turfs manufactured out 

of tan for the purpose of fuel; (3) -yard, 0650/., a slang 

expression for the poor-house. 

(i) Sus. (Hall.) ; Sus.' If I can get a job of tan-flawing I shall 
make out very well. (2) Dev.' is.v. Turves). (3) Ceil.' Very 
common for some years after the Poor Law Act, 1845. The 

paupers had the greatest aversion to indoor relief and called the 
Poorhouse by this name. 

2. Bark, esp. the bark of a young oak. Ken.'", Sus.' 

3. V. In phr. to tan the land, to walk quickly ; to cover 
the land with shoc-icathcr. 

s.Stf. I could tan the land when I was younger, Pinnock BIk. 
Cy. Ann. (i895\ 

TAN, s6.2 Obs. Lan. A twig. 

(K.) ; DAViEs/?a(:«(i856) 272. s.Lan. Picton £)/fl/.(i865) 15. 

[OE. tan, a twig, branch (Sweet).] 

TAN, sb.^ Obs. Suf. The stickleback, Gasterosleus 
trachiirus. (Hall.) Cf tantickle. 

TAN, sb.* Sc. A temporary hut. 

Gall. Dirty low reeky tans were set here and there, Crockett 
Moss- Hags (1895) ii. 

TAN, t^.* and sb.^ Chs. Not. Wor. Shr. Som. Also 
written tann Not. [tan, tasn.] 1. v. To worry, tease ; 
to harp on one string ; esp. in comb. Tan-tan-tanning. 

s.Chs.' Uo)z bin on au- mau'rnin, taan-, taan', taanin', dhun 
6o)z maid mi uz maad' uz u tiip in u au-tur. w.Wor. To tan him 
loike and rile him, S. Beauchamp Grantley Grange (1874) II. 251. 
Shr.' I dunna know whad's the matter 06th our Missis ; 'cr's bin 
tan, tan, tanin' ever sence 'er got up this mornin'. 

2. To touch ; to fondle. Not. Tickin an tannin (J.H.B.). 

3. sb. A rage ; a tantrum. 

Som. SwEETMAN IViiicaiitoii Gl. (1885) ; I went away without 
bidding him good-bye— he was in such a tan (W.F.R.i. 

TAN, TANBASE, see Take, Then, adv., Tanbast(e. 

TANBAST(E, sb. and v. Obs. Som. Dev. Also in 
form tanbase Som. Dev. 1. sb. Unruly behaviour ; 
scuffling, struggling, pulling about. 

e.Som. W. & J. Gl. 1,1873^ n.Dev. Than tha wudst ha' enny 
more champ . . . and tanbast wi' en, E.vni. Scold. (1746) 1. 219. 
2. V. To beat, switch. Dev. Grose (1790) MS. ada. 
(M.) ; Dev.' Cf. baste, v. 

TANCEL, V. Yks. Chs. Stf Der. War. Wor. Shr. Hrf. 
Glo. Also written tancil w.Yks.= ; tansel Stf Shr.= Hrf '= 
Glo." [ta'nsil, tansl.] To beat, thrash ; to ill-use. 

w.Yks.*, Chs.' s.Stf. I'll tansel him well for playin' the wag, 
Pinnock Blk. Cy^ Ann. (1895). Der.*, War.", ne.Wor. (J.W.P.), 
s.Wor.' Shr.' 06n yo' lave them apples alone, an' come out o" 
that orchut ? else I'll tancel yore 'ide for yo' ; Shr." Tansel your 
jacket. Hrf.'=, Glo.' 

TANCELLOON, v. Wor. Hrf Also written tansiloon 
Wor. Hrf." To beat, thrash. See Tancel. 

s.Wor. Naow mind 'ee, a'll tancelloon 'ee if hever a ketches 'ee 
at it agen. Wot 'e waants is a good tancelloonin' i^H. K.). Wor., 
Hrf. I'll tansiloon your hide for yer, mind (R.M. E.). Hrf." 

TANCmMENTS, sb. pi. Lan. Chs. [tanjiments.] 
1. Frippery ; articles of finery ; fanciful appliances. 
s.Lan.' Cf. tanklements. 2. Apparatus or materials 

for doing or making anything. 

Lan. Put a shovel o' sawt on th' fire, for between eaursels I verily 
believe my tay tanchiments are o' witch'd, Lahee Bewitched Tea- 
pots {1883) II. Chs. (R.P.) 

TANCY, see Tansy, s6.' 

TAN-DAY, sb. Obs. w.Cy. Som. The second day of 
a fair; the day after a fair; a fair for fun. w.Cy. (Hall.) 
e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

TANDER,56. Pem. [ta'nd3(r).] A rotten phosphor- 
escent stick. s.Pem. (W.M.M.), (E.L.) Cf. tend, v.' 

TANDER, see 'Tandrew. 

T AND IDD LED, />/>/. m/y. Hrf [taendidld.] Imposed 
upon, bewildered, cheated. Bound Provinc. (1876). 

TANDLE, 'T'ANDRA, see Tawnle, Saint- Andrew. 

'TANDREW, sb. Nhp. Bdf. Hnt. Also in forms 
tander Nhp." Hnt.; tandre, tandry Bdf 1. The festival 
of St. Andrew, Dec. 11, O.S. Nhp." 183. See Saint- 
Andrew. 2. Comp. (i) Tandrew-cake, a cake eaten on 
St. Andrew's Day ; (2) -fair, a fair held on St. Andrew's 
Day ; (3) -wig, a small bun eaten on St. Andrew's Day. 

(i) Bdf. A cake — consisting of little more than bread adorned 
with currants and carroway seeds — eaten on St. Andrew's Day 
(Nov. 30). Since the lace trade has been so unprofitable, the 
manufacture of Tandre cakes has been discontinued in some 
places (J.W.B.). (2^ Hnt. (T.P.F.); N. & Q. (1851) ist S. iii. 
308. (3) Bdf. N. & O. (1874) 5th S. ii. 138. 





3. Phr. to keep Tandre, to keep the festival of St. Andrew, 
the patron saint of lacemakers. Bdf. ( J.W.B.) 

T'ANDREW, T'ANDRY, see Saint- Andrew. 

TANE, see Take, Tone, num. adj. 

TANG sb} and v} Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan Chs! Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Shr. Brks. e.An. w.Cy. Som. 
Also in forms taing Sc. (Jam.) S. & Ork.^ teang Cum.^ ; 
teng N Cy ' Nhb.' Dur.' w.Dur.' Lakel.'^ Cum.^* Wm. 
n.Yks.i^ ne.Yks.' e.Yks.' m.Yks.> w.Yks.'^ ; tyang Sc. 
(Jam.) [tar), tsq ; ter).] 1. sb. The prong of a fork ; 

the spike of a knife or other instrument which fixes into 
the handle ; the pointed end of a shoe-lace ; any point. 
Cf. ting, sZ>.» ^ ^ .^ ^ 

Sc. (Jam.) Abd. The taing o' a graip. The taing o a tow {ib.). 
Cld. {ib.), N.Cy.i, Nhb.i, Lakel.^ Cum. Ah like a fork wi' a langer 
teang ne'r that (E.W.P.) ; Cum.i'' Wm. Get the smith to put a 
teng on that hook (B.K.). n.Yks. (I.W.), n.Yks.i= w.Yks.i A 
fork wi three tangs; w.Yks.^", n.Lan.i, ne.Lan.i, e.Lan.i, Chs.i, 
s.Chs.i, Stf.i, Der.2, Shr.i, w.Cy. (Hall.) e.Som. W. & J. Gl. 
(1873). w.Som.i Can't put nother 'an'l to thick there 'ook, 'cause 
the tang 0' un's a-brokt. 

2. A pike ; a knife ; a piece of iron used for fencmg ; 
anything ending in a point. 

s.Sc. (Jam.) n.Cy. Grose (1790V 'Wm. The tang wants 
sharpening (B.K.). w.Yks. Hutton 7"oHr to Crtws (1781). Lan. 
I're whettin' an owd tang upo' th' boiler top, Ab-o'lh'-Yntes 
Diuiier {1886) n. ne.Lan.i 

3. The fang of a tooth ; a main root or branch of a tree. 
e.Lan.i, Chs.i Not. It' got three tangs to it tooth (J.H.B.). 
Hence Tanged, //>/. adj. forked, as a tree. 

w.Yks.2 Chs.i A two-tanged tree, a three-tanged tree. 

4. The tongue of a buckle or of a jews'-harp. 

Cum. (M.P.), n.Yks.i", ne.Yks.^ Lin. Streatfeild Liu. mid 
Danes (188^) 369. n.Lin.i, e.An. (Hall.) Nrf. Cozens-Hardy 
Broad Nif. (1893) 84. Suf.' The tang of a shoe buckle used to be 
that point which passing through the strop confined it to the rim; 
like a harness buckle. 

5. Comb. Tango'-the-trump, (i) the tongue of a jews'- 
harp. Sc. (Jam. Siipp/.), N.Cy.\ Nhb.'; (2)/^. the active 
partner in a firm ; the principal person in any popular 
outburst, lb. 6. The T-fastener of a cow-chain. 
n.Yks. (I.W.) 7. A low tongue of land projecting into 
the sea ; a narrow strip of land. Cf. ting, sb.^ 2. 

Sh.I. On the east of the Ness a narrow stripe of land stretches 
out that is named the Taing of Torness. The word Taing ex- 
presses the character of the low projecting cape, Hibbert Dcsc. 
SJi. I. (1822) 228, ed. 1891 ; {Coll. L.L.B.) ; Jakobsen Dial. 
(1897) 95 ; S. & Ork.i, Or.I. (J.G.), Cai.i nw.Der.i That feelt 
shoots up wi' a lung tang. 

8. The tongue of a snake or viper. 

n.Lin.i People believe it has the power of stinging. 

9. A sting ; an acute pain. Cf. ting, sb.^ 3. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790); N.Cy.', Dur.i, w.Dur.', Cum. (M.P.), 
n.Yks.*, e.Yks.i, m.Yks.i w.Yks. Hutton Tour to Caves (1781) ; 
■w.Yks.", ne.Lan.i, Der,^ s.Not. The (ly alius leaves its tang in 
(J.P.K.). Lin. Streatfeild iiH. a«rf £>(!«« (1884) 369. Lin.', 
n.Lin.i, sw.Lin.^ 

10. A disease in cattle affecting the tongue-roots and 
causing a large flow of saliva. n.Yks.'' 11. v. A cutlery 
term : to make the tapering part of the blade which fits 
into the handle. 

w.Yks. He mood'st blade. Then he tangs it, Bywater 
Sheffield Dial. (1839) 33. s.Yks. CW.S.) 
12. To sting; also wstAftg. 

N.Cy.i, Nhb.i, Dur.', w.Dur.i Lakel.* Ah gat teng'd wi' a wamp. 
Cum.* His een was blufted wi' bein' tenged wi' bees, Penrith Obs. 
(Nov. 16, 1897). Wm. (B.K.), n.Yks.'^* ne.Yks.l T'wasp 
teng'd t'dog. e.Yks. Marshall Rtir. Eton. (1788); e.Yks.' 
Bees nobbut tengs yance. m.Yks.', w.Yks.i ^^^^^ ne.Lan.i Der. 
Come and tak' the wapses' nest ; . . they wunna tang now, 
Verney Stone Edge (1868) vi ; Der.'* Not. The bee's tanged me 
(J.H.B.). s.Not. A dunno what sort of a insect it is as tangs it 
(J.P.K.). n.Lin.' My bitch wastang'd wi' a hetherd. sw.Lin.' It 
tangs a bit yet. Brks. (M.J.B.) 

Hence (1) Tanged, ppl. adj. of cattle: afflicted with a 
disease aflecting the tongue-roots ; see Tongue-tenged, 
s.v. Tongue, 1 (28); (21 Tanged-stone, sb. an ' adder- 
stone' (q.v.) ; (3) Tanger, sb. (a) anything which stings ; 

{b)Jig. a deceitful person; (4) Tang-fish, s6. the sting-fish, 
Trachiiius vipera ; (5) Tanging, ppl. adj. of a pain, &c. : 
shooting ; (6) Tanging-ether, -edder, -nadder, or -nether, 
sb. the dragon-fly ; (7) Tanging-nettle, sb. the common 
stinging-nettle, Urtica dioica ; (8) Tang-tongues, sb. the 
common watercress, Nastmiittm officinale; (9) Tangy- 
leather, sb., see (6). 

(i) n.Yks. Hee's teng'd, hee'l dee, Meriton Praise Ale (1684) 
1. 149 ; n.Yks.i Any animal of the ox kind is liable to an affection 
which by the Dale's people is attributed to the venom of a small 
insect ; ' a small red spider, . . attacking the roots of the tongue.' 
The symptoms are swelling of the parts and copious or excessive 
discharge of saliva. Tongued-tenged is the customary expression ; 
but a tenged Ox or Owse amply conveys its own meaning to 
country ears; n.Yks.° The spider notion of the complaint is not 
now entertained, but the swelling of the tongue often goes further 
downwards and proves fata!. To ' slavver like a teng'd owce.' 
e.Yks. An egg, broken upon the part, is considered as a remedj', 
if applied in time, Marshall Riir. Econ. (1796% (2) n.Yks.* 
(3, a) w.Yks. Hornits 's waur tengers nor hummabees, Leeds Merc. 
Siippl. (Dec. 17, 1898). (6) w.Yks. Cudworth Horton (1886) 
Gl. (,4) n.Yks. (T.S. ) (5) w.Yks. T'wind i t'stomach, t'revv- 
metism, An tengin pains it goom, Preston Poems (1864) 6; 
Troublesome tengin corns. Banks Wkjld. JVds. (1865). (6) 
N.Cy.i. Dur.i, n.Yks. (I.W. ), m.Yks.i (7) e.Yks. (B. & H.) (8) 
n.Yks.* As being pungent to the taste. (9) n.Yks. l,T.K.) 
13. To deprive an insect or reptile of its sting. 

w.Yks.5 ' Catch't a hummle-bee, Bil ! ' ' Let's teng it, then ! ' 

[7. ON. /aiigi, a spit of land, a point projecting into the 
sea or river ('Vigfusson).] 

TANG, sb.' Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Yks. Lan. [tar).] 1. A 
species of sea-weed; tangle. See Sea-tang, s.v. Sea, 1 (11). 

Sli.I. Curse apo Jeemson an' his dirt o' tabaaka. Hit's as weet 
as tang, Sh. News {Oct. 2, 1897). Or.I. (Jam.), (J.A.S.), S. & 
Ork.', N.Cy.i, Nhb.l, m.Yks.i. Lan.i 

2. Comp. (i) Tang-bow, the round hollow growth on sea- 
weed ; (2) -cow, a bunch of sea-weed ; (3) -fish, the 
smaller seal, Phoca vittdina ; (4) -sparrow, the rock pipit, 
Aiilhus obsaints; (5) -whaup, the whimbrel, Ntimeuitis 

(i) S. & Ork.' (2) Or.I. Ellis Proiiunc. (1889^ V. 797. (3) 
Sli.I. There were many of the smaller seals, or Tang-fish, so named 
from being supposed to live among the Tang, or larger fuci that 
grow near the shore, Hibbert Desc. Sh. /. (1822) 274, ed. 1891 ; 
S. & Ork.i (4) Sh.I. SwAiNSON Birds (1885) 46 ; S. & Ork.' (5) 
Sh.I. From their being found among the tangorseaweed, searching 
for Crustacea, Swainson ib. igg ; S. & Ork.' 

[Dan. iaiig; sea-weed, tangle (Larsen).] 

TANG, sb.^ and v.* Sc. Yks. Lan. Lin. Hrt. e.An. Ken. 
LW. Dev. Cor. [tar), tar).] 1. sb. A strong or peculiar 
taste or flavour, esp. an unpleasant one. Cf twang. 

Sc. (Jam. Siippl.), n.Lan.', n.Lin.', ne.Lin. (E.S.) sw.Lin.' It 
had a bit of a tang, but I weshed and cleaned it well. Hrt. Ellis 
Mod.Husb.{l^so)lU.\.l2^. e.An.i, Suf. (C.T.) ne.Ken. There's 
a peculiar tang in this cheese I don't like (H.M.). I.W.' It leaves 
a nasty tang in the mouth; I.W.* Dev. Grose (1790) Suppl.; 
Theer's a funny tang to it tu. 'Twas from the cask — eh ? Phill- 
potts Sons of Morning (1900) 62. Cor.'* 

2. V. To taste unpleasantly. Lin. (W.W.S.) 3. To 
contaminate. n.Yks.* 

[1. Cp. Tongge, or scharpnesse of lycure yn tastynge, 
acumen (Prompt.).^ 

TANG, v.^ and sb.* Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Not. Lei. Nhp. 
War. Wor. Shr. Hrf Glo. Brks. Hmp. LW. Wil. Also 
in form tong Sc. Not.' Lei.' Nhp.' War.^ Shr.'* Glo.' 
Hmp.' w.Cy. [tag, taer).] 1. v. To ring or toll a bell ; 
of a bell : to sound loudly, clearly, or with a measured 
sound ; esp. used of a harsh bell. Cf ting, i».* 

Abd. Oh ! that noisy, brazen bell, with its dull, unpleasant knell. 
It will drive me to a cell, as it tongs, tongs, tongs, Ogg IVillie 
U'aly (1873'! 159. Not.', Lei.', Nhp.', War.*^ Shr.' The girld 
never put the net o' tatoes i' the biler till 'er 'card the bell tong; 
Shr.* Properly applies ... to a large heavy one, the great bell. 
Glo.' Brks.' ' I yerd the bell tang dree times zo ut mus' be a man 
as has died.' It is customary for the bell to ' tang ' three times on 
the death of a man, twice for a woman, and once for a child, and 
the tolling of a deeper toned bell follows after. It should be 
mentioned that three strokes on four other bells usually precede 




the numbers 'tanged' as above referred to. Hmp.^ The bells be 
tonged. I.W.' Tang that bell ; I.W.^, w.Cy. (Hall.) Wil. 
Britton Z?ra«//fS (1825) ; Wil.' 

2. To make a noise ; to make ' rough music ' (q.v.). 
GIo. (H.S.H.), Wil.' 

3. Obsol. To make a loud noise by beating on shovels, 
&c. while bees are swarming ; gen. in phr. to tang bees. 

N.Cy.' Nhb.' Countrymen tang bees when swarming by beating 
on shovels, tea-traj'S, or tin-vessels, to induce the swarm to settle. 
Not.' Lei,' To tang bees ... for the double purpose, it is said, of 
asserting a claim to the ownership of the swarm and of collecting 
the bees together. Nhp.', War.=3, w.Wor.' se.Wor.' To call 
bees (when swarming, by making a noise, usually with a fire shovel 
or warming pan and a door key. It is said that if bees fly away, 
whoever follows and tangs them can claim them wherever they 
may settle. s.Wor.' Shr.' Mak' 'aste an' fatch the warmin'-pon 
an' the kay o' the 'ouse to tang the bees, or they'n be off, they flyen 
mighty 'igh ; Shr.* Tang the frying-pan, and they'n soon knitt. 
Hrf.'2, GIo.' Brks. The process in question, known in country 
phrase as ' tanging,' is founded upon the belief that the bees will 
not settle unless under the influence of this peculiar music, and 
the constable, holding faithful to the popular belief, rushed down 
his garden 'tanging' as if his life depended upon it, Hughes 
T. Brown O.vf. (1861) xxiii. Hmp.' I.W.2 Maken a middlen 
tangen . . . wi' the rifter and pot led, enough to frighten all the 
bees in the parish. Wil. To make a noise with a key and a shovel 
at the time of swarming of a hive, not, as is supposed, to induce 
them to settle, but to give notice of the rising of the swarm, which 
could not be followed if they went on a neighbour's premises, 
unless this warning was given, Britton Beauties (1825) ; Wil.' 

4. sb. The sound of a bell, esp. the sound produced by 
a slow, single stroke on a church bell ; the stroke itself. 

War.^ Shr. Giving a few tongs on the bell, Burns Flk-Lore 
(1883-6^ xxxvii ; Shr.' ' The bell gies a tong or two w'en they 
comen out o' Church, jest to tell folks to get the dinner ready.' 
This was said with reference to a usage which obtained at 
Churton Church of sounding the bell as the congregation left, by 
way of conveying a timely warning to their respective households 
— far or near— that they were 'out,' and to have all things in 
readiness for their return. Wil. It's Johnson's flock ; I know the 
tang of his tankards, Jefferies GI. Estate (1880) vi. 

5. Coiup. Tang-rang, sb. a noise ; an uproar, esp. used 
of the noise formerly made when bees were swarming. 

War.^ What a tang-rang they are making after those bees. 
Wor. Allies A»tiq. Flk-Lore (1840) 125, ed. 1852. 

6. The timbre of the voice ; a twang. 

Gall. A brisk stirring voice followed him with the snell Scottish 
scolding ' tang ' in it, which is ever more humorous than alarming 
to those whom it addresses, Crockett Kit Kennedy (1899) iii. 

7. A sweet and pleasant sound. Shr.* 

TANG, v.* and sb.^ Pem. GIo. Som. Dev. [tser).] 

1. V. To tie. Cf. ting, v.^ 

Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). e.Som. W. & J. CI. 
(1873I. Dev. Moore Hist. Dev. (1829) I. 355. 

2. sb. Obs. A large girth used to fasten the load or 
panniers on to the pack-saddle. GIo. Horae Subsecivae 
(1777) 426. Cf. ting, V? 3. 3. A withe used for tying; 
a bent stick used in thatching. 

s.Pem. Gen. in pi. A withe bent double with a special twist and 
driven as a double peg into the thatch (M.S.C.); (W.M.M.) ; Laws 
little Eng. (1888) 421. 

TANG, adj. Obs. Slk. (Jam.) Straight, tight. 

TANGHAL, sb. Obs. Per. (Jam.) A bag, satchel. 
Cf. toighal. 

TANGIE, sb. Sh. & Or.I. [ta-qi.] 1. A sea-spirit ; 
sec below. 

Sh.I. Ye're no like a bodie ava dat hes duins wi' evil speerits — 
tangies, brownies, witches, Stewart Tales (1892) 5 ; S. & Ork.' 
Asea-spirit which frequents the shores, supposed at times to assume 
the appearance of a horse, at other times that of an old man. Or.I. 
This imaginary being is supposed to have his origin from the lumi- 
nous appearance of the tangle, when it is tossed by the sea (Jam.). 
2. A young seal. Or.I. (Jam. Suppl.) 

TANGLE, sb., v. and adj. Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. 
and Eng. [ta'ijl, taE'r|gl.] 1. sb. In comp. (i) Tangle- 
backit, Tong and lean m the back; (2) -grass, the creeping 
buttercup, Raniincidiis repens ; (3) •leg(s, strong beer ; (4) 
-picker, the turnstone, Strepsdas interpres; (5I -toad, see 
(2) ; (6) -wise, long and slender. 

(i) Sc. Ye were aye yin o' the tangle-backit kind, Keith Indian 
tW/< (1896) 17a. (2)se.Yks. il.W.) (3)e.An.' WiL[They]cry 
for some more 'tanglelegs' — for thus they call the strong beer, 
Jefferies Gt. Estate (1880) iv. (41 Nrf. Swainson Birds (1885) 
187 ; Called . . . the tangle-picker, from its habit of turning over 
seaweed as well as stones in quest of its living, Cornh. Mag. (Apr. 
1893) 369. (5) w.Yks. (I.W.) (6) Cld. (Jam.) 
2. All plants of the water milfoil, Myriophyllitm, and the 
pondweed, Polamogeton, tribes. Cum.* 3. The long 

fibre of a root, as of a potato. 

n.Yks.'' ne.Yks.' When t'tang'ls is brokken they can't taatic. 

4. A lock of hair. 

Lan.' s.Lan. Her bonny tangles Were hung wi' star-spangles, 
Bamford Poems, 148. 

5. An icicle. 

Sc. (Jam.) Abd. The chilly tangles drippin' fa' In mony an icy 
string, Cadenhead Bon-Accord (1853) 314. Frf. The waterspout 
that suspends the ' tangles ' of ice over a gaping tank, Barrie 
Liclil (1888) i. Rnf. Frae ilk buss, the tangles gay, Hang skinklin' 
in the mornin' ray, Picken Poems (1813) I. 77. 
e. Anything hanging, as a torn piece of a dress. 

w.Yks. Her gown was all rives and tangles (C.C.R.). 
7. A thriftless, slatternly person ; also in pi. w.Yks. 
(C.C.R.), w.Yks.s 8. Obs. A tall, lank person. 

n.Sc. (Jam.) Abd. We'll behad a wee, She's but a tangle, tho' 
shot out she be, Ross lielenore (1768) 20, ed. 1812. 

9. Fig. A difficulty ; a state of mental confusion or per- 

Abd. ' Sir John wha ? ' says he, putting on a show of being in a 
tangle, Cobban Angel (i8g8) 180. Brks.' I be vcelin'in a tangle 
zomehow an' wants to thenk a bit. Cor. 'i'ou ave got yerself in a 
putty tangle, T. Towser (1873) 20. 

10. pi. The knots of scroll-work cut on Celtic crosses, 
&c. Sc. Grose (1790) MS. add. (C.) U. v. Fig. To 
entangle; to ensnare; to embarrass; also with m^." 

Arg. You're nothing but a fool to be tangled up with the creature, 
MuNRO Shoes of Fort. (1901) 259. Gall. Our minister will never 
tangle himsel' wi' marriage engagements, Crockett Standard 
Bearer {18^8) 165. Dwn. Mony a lad wud dee tae win ye — Why 
sae tangle me? Savage-Armstrong Ballads (1901) 25. 
12. adj. Tall and feeble ; loose-jointed ; relaxed in con- 
sequence of fatigue ; too weary to stand. 

Sc. Mackav. Fif. A lang tangle lad (Jam.). Slk. (t'A.) 

TANGLEMENT, sb. Lan. Chs. Som. [ta-glment, 
•mant.] 1. A tangle; a knot ; ^Tg^. a difficulty ; anything 
involved or confused. 

Chs.' s.Chs.' Dhisroa-p's in u praat'i taangg'lmunt. w.Som.' 
However's anybody gwain to get droo these yer brimmlcs, nif 
they an't a-got nother'ook vor to cut 'em — they be all to a proper 
2. pi. Fanciful appliances ; frippery ; articles of female 
finery. s.Lan.' Cf. tanklements. 

TANGLENESS,si. Obs. Sc. Indecision, fluctuation; 
pliability of opinion. 

(Jam.) ; Donald's the callan that brooks nae tanglencss, Hogg 
Jacob. Rel. (1819) I. 102. 

TANGLESOME, adj. Obs. Suf.' Discontented, 
fretful ; obstinate. 

[Cp. tanggyl, or froward and angry, bilosus (Prompt.).'] 

TANGLING, ppl. adj. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Also written 
tangleing n.Cy. [tarjlin.] Untidy, slatternly; lounging, 
loitering ; esp. used ot a woman. Cf. tangly, 2. 

n.Cy. A poor tangling sort of a body, Grose (1790) Supf'l. 
n.YkSri*. ne.Lan.' 

TANGLY, adj Sc. Yks. [ta-qli.] 1. Entangling, 


n.Yks. This crowfoot is tangly. A tangly tree (I.W.). 

2. Untidy, slatternly; lounging, loitering; esp. used of a 
woman. Cf. tangling. 

n.Vks.' ; n.Yks." A lang tangly lass, as la2y as she's lang; n.Yks.* 

3. Long and slender. 

Per. A tangly tappin for a rod He in his nervous right hand 
claspit, Spence Poems (1898) 141. Edb. Tanglie taperin' tails, 
Forbes Poems (1812) 57. n.Yks. He's a great tangly lad (.I.W.). 

TANGS, sb. pi. Nrf. [t«r)z.] In phr. to be in pretty 
tans;.<, to be in a fine mess. Miller & Skertchlv Fen/and 
(1878) iv. 

TANGS, see Tongs. 





TAN-HILL APPLE, //;>-. Wil. A'Quarrender'apple. 

n.Wil. So called because it comes in about the time of the fair at 
Tan Hill (CE-D.). 

TANJAKE, sb. Cor. [tae'ndzek.] The house-snail. 

TANK, sb.^ Nhb. Yks. Lan. Wil. and Amer. [tar)k.] 

1. A piece of deep water, natural or artificial ; a pond. 
w.Yks. WiLLAN List Wds. 1,1811). ne.Lan.' [Amer. Drive 

your horse into the tank, Dial. Notes (1896) I. 426.] 

2. The insoluble sediment from the dissolving tanks in 
alkali works ; also in comp. Tank-waste. Nhb.' 3. A 
milk-churn ; a vessel for sending milk by rail. 

n.Wil. Defendant came . . . through her garden with an empty 
'tank' — that is, a milk churn. . . They took 'tanks' across it in- 
stead of . . . round the road, Devises Gazette (June 20, 1895). 

TANK, sb? and v} Yks. Chs. Stf Not. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Won Also in forms tenk Chs.' ; tonk Nhp.' [taqk.] 

1. sb. A blow ; a knock ; a kick from a horse. 

w.Yks. Whot didta break that spoon for ? Aw tae thi a tank fur 
that (D.L.). Chs.' Fetch him a tank o'th' maw; Chs.^ Gee him 
a tank o'er the ear. s.Chs.' Tu faach- ij mon u taangk- upu dhu 
yed widh u pahykil. Stf.', Not.= Lei.' Shay gen 'er yeadatank 
agen the lather. Nhp.' He fetch'd him a tank o' th' yed ; Nhp.", 

2. V. To strike, knock ; to beat with a switch or other 
light instrument. 

Lei.' Tank at the door. War. To give a tanking [i.e. not so 
severe as 'a thrashing'] (CT.O.) ; War.''^ 

3. To hit a stone against a basin so as to attract 
attention ; to make a ringing noise by striking anything 

w.Wor. (H.B.); Didna yer hear maatankin'? S. Beauchamp 
N. Hamilton (1875) U- '43- 

TANK, sA.* Dev. [taegk.] An old-fashioned country 

She was engaged to me for the tank, Baring-Gould Spicier 
(1887) II. 70. 

TANK, V.' and sb.* Stf. War. w.Cy. [taqk.] 1. v. 
To gossip, chatter ; to loiter idly about. 

Stf. They go tanking around (W.H.). War.«; War.3 Get on 
with your work — don't be tanking about after those chaps. 
2. sb. An idle amusement. w.Cy. (Hall.) 

TANKARD, sb. Midi. Wil. [taB-gkad.] 1. In comp. 
Tankard-turnip, obs., the long-rooted turnip. Midi. Mar- 
shall Riir. Ecoit. (1796) II. 2. A sheep-bell. 

Wil. It's Johnson's flock ; I know the tang of his tankards, 
Jefferies Gt. Estate (1880) vi ; WiL' It is said that the whole of 
the ' tankards' in use in England are made at Great Cheverell. 

TANKER, s6.' Sc. Also written tankar, tankor. 
[ta-gkar.] A dial, form of ' tankard.' 

e.Sc. I've broken the jug, mother, but I'll fetch the ale in a 
iankar'jSTRMK Elmslie's Drag-net {igoo) 258. Edb. Caused the 
emptying of so many ale-tankers, Moir Mansie JVauch (1828) ii. 
Gall. The smirking lady gay And faeming tankor, Mactaggart 
Encycl. (1824) 401, ed. 1876. 

TANKER, 5/!>.2 Bnff.' [ta'qkar.] Anything large and 
ugly, esp. of a person or lean animal. 

TANKER, V. Der.2 nw.Der.' [ta-r)k3(r).] To make 
a noise. 

TANKERABOGUS, see Tantarabobus. 

TANKEROUS, rt(^-. e.An.' [tffi'rjkarss.] An aphetic 
form of 'cantankerous.' 

TANKERSOME, adj. Obs. Suf Fractious, fretful, 
ill-humoured. ' Haw tankersome yeow dew fare.' 

TANKLE,s6. Sc. [ta-gkl.] An icicle. SeeTankling, 
1, Tinkel-tankel. 

Per. The linn wi' lang tankle is hingin', SpENCEPof»is(i898) 18. 

TANKLE, V. Lan. Der. [ta'qkl.] 1. To repair, 

tinker up. Cf tinkle, u.' 

s.Lan.i Aw muii tankle it up th' best road aw con. 
2. To idle, trille. Der.^ nw.Der.' 

TANKLEMENTS, sb. pi. Yks. Lan. Also in form 
tankliment w.Yks.^ [ta'ijklments.] Implements ; ac- 
coutrements ; litter; small ornaments; articles of finerj-, 
&c. Cf tanglement, 2. 

w.Yks.3 The tankliraents of the mantelshelf are its ornaments; 

the tankliments of a gardener, his spade, rake, &c. Lan. Let thi 
bits o' tanklements stop where they are, Waugh Heather (ed. 
Milner) I. 246. s.Lan.' (s.v. Tanglements). 

TANKLET, sb. Nhb.' [ta'rjklit.] An icicle. See 
Tankle, sb. 

TANKLING, sb. and adv. Nhb. Lan. [ta-i)klin.] 
\. sb. A dangling thing; a pendant. See Tankle, s6. 

Lan.' ' Hello, Dick, what's that bit o' th' tanklin' thou's getten 
thrut o'er thi shoolder? ' ' It's a cock-chicken, owd lad,' Waugh 
Chim. Corner (1874) 216, ed. 1879. 
2. Harness, fittings, 'tackle.' s.Lan.' 3. adv. Dangling. 

Nhb.' He toss'd the grey gyus ower his back. An' her neck it 
hung tanklin doon, O, Old Rhyme. 

TANNAGE, sb. Sc. [tanidg.] A tannery. 

BnSr. There are also in the Parish, a Tannage, a Distillery, and 
of late, a Bleachfield, Gordon Keith (1880) 12. 

TANNER, s6.' Nhp. Glo. Hnt. [tEe'n3(r).] In comb. 
(i) Tanner's apron, the garden auricula. Primula 
Auricula; (2) -'s clots, (3) -knobs, obsoL, bark after it has 
been deprived of its astringent properties, made into 
small squares, and dried for fuel. 

(i) Glo. Apparently confined to the yellow variety (B. & H.) ; 
Glo.' (2) Nhp.' (3) Hnt. (T.P.F.) 

TANNER, sb.^ Sc. Nhb. Dur. [ta'nsr.] 1. A small 
root of a tree ; the fang of a tooth ; the root of a corn, boil, 
&c. Lth. (Jam.), Nhb.', e.Dur.' 2. That part of a frame 
of wood which is fitted into a mortice. Sc. (Jam.) 

TANNO, TANNY, see Tino, adv., Tawny, Tino, adv. 

TANNYIKS, sb. pi. Sh.I. Also in form tynicks. 
The teeth. 

' Lat me see if du's gotten dy tannyiks 1' is a Fetlar phrase 
addressed to a small child, Jakobsen Dial. (1897) 45; Wir bairn 
is a pOr ill-triven ting gaain' in his trid year an' no gotten his 
tynicks (J.S.). 

[Cp. ON. tonn (gen. tannar), tooth (Vigfusson).] 

TANO-, see Tino, adv. 

TAN-PIN, sb. Chs.' [ta'n-pin.] A plumber's tool for 
stopping a pipe temporarily. 

TANRACKET, sb. Dev.* [tse'nrsekit.] A racket, 
noise, confusion ; a noisy crowd. 

TANSEL, TANSILOON, see Tancel, Tancelloon. 

TANSY, s6.' Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Chs. Nhp. Glo. 
Brks. Also in form tancy Cum. [ta-nzi,tae'nzi; ta'nsi.] 

1. In comp. (i) Tansy-cake, {a) a girdle-cake flavoured 
with tansy ; [b) a merrymaking ; (2) -night, see below ; 
(3) -pudding, a pudding flavoured with tansy ; (4) -tea, an 
infusion of tansy. 

(i, a) Nhb.i (i) Nhb. Tansy cakes and other merry makings 
were held, Richardson Borderer s Tabte-bk. (1846) 'VII. 388. (2) 
Cum. Tansy nights . . . were presided over by the ladies, who 
provided tansy puddings and rich rum sauce, w.Cum. Times (Apr. 
26, 1902) 3, col. 3. (3) Nhb.' A pudding made of flour and eggs 
and seasoned with tansy. It is still occasionally met with. Cum. 
w.Cum. Times (Apr. 26, 1902) 3, col. 3. e.Yks.' w.Yks.'' A 
sweet pudding in which the juice of tansy is a compound, eaten 
on a particular day in spring. (41 Nhb.' Brks. Patent pills and 
soothing syrups have taken the place of calamint and tansy tea, 
Spectator (Apr. 12, 1902). 

2. Phr. my delight's in tansies, a children's singing game ; 
see below. 

Sth. 'And my delight's in tansies. My delight's in pansies; My 
delight's in a red red rose, The colour of my Maggie, oh ! Heigh 
oh ! my Maggie, oh ! My very bonnie Maggie, oh ! All the world 
I would not give For a kiss from Maggie, oh!' In the third verse 
[? first] you should 'clap your tails' till the end of the verse. 
Take some one out at ' The colour of my Maggie, oh ! ' Nicholson 
Golspie (1897) 130. 

3. A village feast held on Shrove Tuesday ; a merry- 
making in a public-house. 

Nhb.' The fund was expended in refreshments for the (football) 
players after the game was ended, consisting of hot ale and cake, 
ad libitum, the feast being followed by a dance. This feast the 
villagers (of Rothbury) called ' The Tansy,' DixoN Shrove-tide, 4. 
Cum." Tansy belongs to the Borders, and amongst other places, 
to the neighbourhood of Hesket, Sullivan Cum. and IVm. (1857) 
82. There were ' cellar-openings ' and annual suppers . . . and 
tancies patronised by the women of the place, Burn Brampton 
(1893) II. 




4. The leaf only of the tansy, the flowers being called 
'buttons.' n.Yks. (B. & H.) 5. The silver-weed, 

Polentilta Anseriiia. Cum., n.Yks., Nhp. (13. & H.) See 
Goose-tansy, s.v. Goose, I. 2 (11). 6. The common 

j'arrow, Achillea Millefolium. 

Chs. From the finely cut leaves resembling those of the true 
T.msy (B. & H.;; Clis.i 
7. The corn-marigold, Clirysanlltciutim segetum. Glo.' 

TANSY,**.* Dev. [taenzi.] The fish, 5/f;/)H«5/>/io//c;. 

The smooth shan, shanny, or tansy, of our southern shore-boys, 
GoodlVds. (1864) 671. 

TANT, v} Ken. [taent.] To place anything out of 
the perpendicular. (P.M.) Hence to go a tattling, phr. 
to play at see-saw. (ib.) 

TANT, v^ and sb. Sc. Wor. [tant.] 1. v. To argue 
or dispute in a captious, quarrelsome manner ; to rage. 
Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) See Tanter. 2. sb. A rage, temper. 

s.Wor. A wuz 'mos' ready to be in a despret tant afoer I telled 
'e annythin' on it (H.K."i. 

TANT, V.' m.Yks.' [tant.] To potter or idle about. 

TANT, see Taunt, v.'* 

TANTABLET, sb. Obs. e.An.' An open tart orna- 
mented with strips and twirls of pastry. Cf. tantadlin(g. 

TANTABOMING, see Tanterboming. 

TANTADDLEMENT, sb. s.Chs.' [tanta-dlmant.] 
A trifle. Cf. tantadlin(g. 

s.Chs.i It is often contemptuously used of all mere accomplish- 
ments, which seem wanting in solid value, of confectionery as 
opposed to plain food, &c. 

TANTADL1N(G, sb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Lin. 
Lei. War. Hrf. Glo. Also written tantaddlin s.Chs.' ; 
and in forms tantaflin Not. ; tantatlin s.Lan.' ; tantat- 
lin(g w.Yks. Not. [tantadlin.] 1. A small tart ; an 

apple-dumpling ; light delicacies, esp. sweets, in contra- 
distinction to more substantial food ; also used attrib. 

w.Yks. Tan tadlin's, or owt else, e't paistry way, at wor 
wanted, Tom Treddlehoyle E.vliebis/iaii (1857) 13 ; Hl/x. Courier 
(July 3, 18971 ; w.Yks.2 'All kinds of tantadlins,' applied to any 
small tart made of pastry and jam. nw.Der.i s.Not. She made 
cakes an' tantaflin sorts o' things. A bit o' that beef for me ; a 
don't care for non o' yer tarts an' tantaflins (J.P.K.). Hrf. An 
apple dumpling made in circular form, Bound Provinc. (1876}. 

2. Camp. Tantadlintart, (1) a small, light tart; any 
kind of dainty ; fancy food ; (2) unpalatable food ; see 
below; (3) cow-dung. 

(i) s.Lan.i Chs.' The word is not always confined to tarts, but is 
sometimes used for all the small sweets at a dinner, such as cheese 
cakes, custards, &c., in contradistinction to the more substantial 
roast joints and plum pudding. s.Chs.' The word has generally 
a depreciatory sense. se.Lin. (J.T.B.) War.^ Children are some- 
times promised a tantadlin-tart, when there is no intention to 
provide a delicacy of any kind. (2) Lin.' Let' The composition 
of this delicacy varies considerably, but apples, onions, and fat 
bacon are among the most constant of its elements. Unwary 
enquirers into its constituents are apt to find themselves the 
victims of a curiously unsavoury joke. War.* A pasty, the true 
contents of which have been abstracted and replaced by some 
nasty compound. (3) nw.Der.', War.* 

3. Fig. A contemptuous term for anything strange, 
fanciful, or fantastic. s.Lan.' 

TANTAFLIN, see Tantadlin(g. 

TANTALLON, sb. Sc. Also written Tantallan. In 
phr. to ding down Tantallan, to surpass all bounds. 

Bnff.' T'ding Tam-tallan [sic]. Hdg. The rhyme, generally 
given with a preliminary sort of sneering ' Ou, aye,' — ' Ding doun 
Tantallon, An' build a Brig tae the Bass,' indicating something 
deemed to be impossible, before the days of dynamite and Forth 
Bridges, Montgomerie-Fleming Notes on Jam. (1899) ; Situated 
directly opposite to the Bass at a distance of i^ miles across a 
frequently tumbling sea, its redoubtablcness of character gave 
rise to the pithy popular saying 'Ding doon Tantallon? Mak 
a brig to the Bass,' Gazelleey of Sc. (1842). 

TANTAMUS, TANTANY, see Saint-Anthony, Tan- 

TANTARA, sb. Dev. Cor. Also written tantarra 
Dev.' Cor. [taenta'ra.] A noise ; a disturbance ; an out- 
cry. Cf. tantaran. 

Dev.' ' Poor dame is amost off her legs ; turmoil'd to death 
between wan thing and t'ether : quite a cow'd out.' 'How 
happ'd thecca tantarra then ? ' 3. s.Dev. Fox Kiiigsbridse (1874). 
Cor. Nort — no, not the screech o' horns blawcd by all the angels 
in heaven— could be awfuller than the tantarra o' this gert 
tempest, Phillpotts Prophets {i8gi) 302. 

TANTARABOBUS, sb. Som. Dev. Cor. Also in forms 
tankerabogus Dev. ; tantarabobs Dev.' ; tanterabobus 
Cor.'; tantrabobus.tantrumbobusCor.'* [taentsrabobas.] 

1. A name for the devil ; a bogie. 

w.Som.' Usually preceded by ' old.' It is also used very often 
as a playful nickname for any boy or man. A frequent saying in 
reply to a question as to the age of any one latelj' deceased is — 
' Oh! I reckon he lived same's Tantarabobus [tanturuboabus] — 
all the days of his life.' 'Nif thee disn mind and alter thy hand, 
th'old Tantarabobus 'II be arter thee ! ' Dev. Now, Polly, yO'vc 
abin a bad, naughty maid, and ef yfl be sich a wicked cheel again, 
I'll zend vur tankerabogus tQ come and car yQ away tQ 'is pittee- 
'awl, Hewett Peas. Sp. (1892); Dev.' The jail take her father, 
say I, 'twas his doing; I did'n care if the old tantarabobs had'n, 
6. Cor.i ' Like tantrabobus, lived till he died.' Sometimes, ' like 
Tantra-bobus' cat.' 

2. A term applied to a noisy, plaj'ful child. 
Cor.i ; Cor,* Oh ! you tantra-bobus! 

TANTARAN, sb. I.Ma. Noise, uproar. Cf. tantara. 

A tantaran ... to waken the dead, Brow.n Doctor (1887) 23. 

TANTARA-STILE, sb. War.^ A ' fall-stile ' (q.v.). 

TANTARROW, sb. Nhp. War. [tantaTo.] A pie 
made of meat, apples, &c., something similar to a ' squab- 
pie.' Nhp.' We shall have a tantarrow for dinner. War.^ 

TANTARUM, see Tantrum. 

TANTASSA,m/. w.Wor.' In p\\T. tantassa,tatitassa 
pig, toiu a row, a roisj ! a call to pigs. (s.v. Calls.) 

TANTATLING, see Tantadlin(g. 

TANTAWDHERLY, adj. Yks. Also in form tan- 
tawdhryly. [tant^Sali.] Tawdry, slovenly. See Taw- 

e.Vks. What a tan-tawdherly woman Bess Robinson is, 
Nicholson Flk. Sp. (1889) 95 ; e.Yks.' 

TANTER, v. Sc. (Jam. S;////.) N.Cy.' Nhb.' [ta'ntar.] 
To quarrel ; to argue, dispute in a captious manner ; to 
rage. See Tant, f.* 

[Cp. Norw. dial, tandra, tantra, to scold, to rate (Aasen).] 

TANTERABOBUS, see Tantarabobus. 

TANTERBOMING,//'/. fl(//. Dev. Also written tanta- 
boming. [taentsbo'min.] Faulty ; crooked ; out of place. 

He had fixed a stone in my garden, and I made him alter it, 
after which he said that ' it did not look so tanterboming,' 
meaning that it was not so much awry, Reports Provixc. (1889); 
In common use at this present time among the middle and lower 
classes, and is applied to anything which happens to be faulty, or 
in any way not as it should be, ib. (1893). 

TANTERLICK, 56. Fif. Ayr. (Jam.) [tantarlik.] A 
severe stroke. 

TANTFELLYIN, sb. Sh.L A young animal, esp. a 
horse, losing its teeth. Jakobsen Dial. (1897) 45. Cf. 

TANTHUNDER, sb. Obs. or ohsol. Dur. A commo- 
tion. Gibson Up-Weardale Gl. (1870). 

TANTICKLE, sb. e.An.* Suf.' [tae'ntikl.] The 
stickleback, Casterosteiis trachurus. Cf. stanstickle. 

TANTIDDY, see Saint Anthony. 

TANTIVY, sb. and adv. Sc. Lakel. Yks. War. Also 
in form tantwivvy Lakel.* [tantivi.] 1. sb. Quick 
speed ; great haste. See Tivvy. 

Lakel.* He was gaan efter t'hoonds at seek a tantwivvy. 
War. (J.R.W.) 

2. A rage. 

Yks. Here's Jack, an' I guess in a fine tantivy. Holmes 
Fariiiihar Fraiikhearl, 271. 

3. adv. Quickly, hastily. 

Dmb. Your liorji, Jock Grifle, Blaw out tantivy ; blaw, man, for 
your life, Salmon Gowodcan (i868) 49. 

TANTLE, V. Yks. Lan. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Also in form tontle w.Yks. [ta'ntl.] 1. To walk slowly 
and feebly ; to totter, as a young child ; to dawdle, loiter, 
waste time ; to trifle, potter about. 




n.Yks.12; n.Yks." Deean't tantle on leyke that. ne.Yks.i, 
e.Yks.', ra.Yks.' w.Yks.i Shoe feels seea leetsorae an cobby, an 
can tottle an tantle about a bit, ii. 291 ; w.Yks.^, ne.Lan.', Not.i 
Lin. You come tantling about i' my garden, Fenn Cure of Souls 
(1889) 35. 

Hence Tantling-job, sb. a small, trifling job ; one that 
does not require all one's energy. 

n.Yks. T'Maister set raa ov a bit ov a tantling job till neet 
(W.H.'. Lin.i I cannot abear such tantling-jobs. n.Lin.' I like 
sum'ats one can stick to, not a tantlin' job like this here. 

2. To dangle after ; to attend officiously. 

ne.Lan.i ' She tantles after him ' ; often said of the attentions of 
an anxious mother. Lin. Grose ^1790) MS. add. (P.) sw.Lin.' 
Thou tantles after me, and thou hinders me. Nhp.' When two 
persons are particularly attached, and generally accompany each 
other in their walks, it is commonly said, ' They are always 
tantling after each other.' War.3 

3. To pet, fondle, caress ; to humour a child ; to pay 
much attention to ; to nurse and feed with care. 

w.Yks. Shoo does nowght but tontle wi' t'barn t'day thriff, 
Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Nov. 19, 1898). Lei.' Nhp.i I shall buy a 
pig and tantle it up by Christmas. War.^ 

TANTONY, sb. Chs. Nhp. Hnt. Dor. Also written 
Tantany Dor. [ta'ntani, tsentani.] 1. In cowp. Tan- 
tony('s-pig, (i) the smallest pig of a litter. Dor. (H.E.); 
(2) in phr. to foUoiv one like a Tanlony-pig, to stick close to 
one. Chs.'^ See Anthony -pig. 2. A small bell ; see 

Nhp.' The small bell over the church-porch, or between the 
chancel and the nave : the term is also applied to any small hand- 
bell. ' Ring the tantony ' is evidently a corruption of St. Anthony, 
the emblem of that saint being a bell at his tan-staff, or round the 
neck of his accompanying pig. Hnt. The name given to a bell 
which is rung at the entrance gate of the grounds of Kimbolton 
Castle to give notice of the arrival of visitors (T.P.F.). 

TANTONY, see Saint-Anthony. 

TANTOOZLE, I'. Not. [tantu-zl.] To whip soundly. 

I'm main glad yer tantoozled her as yer did, Prior Forest Flk. 
(1901) 86. s.Not. Ah'll tantoozle yer when a cop yer. It wor 
a tantoozling 'e gen 'er (J.P.K.). 

TANTRABOBUS, see Tantarabobus. 

TANTRIL, sb. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Chs. Also written 
tantrel N.Cy.^ n.Yks.' ne.Lan.' Chs.^ ; trantrell n.Cy. 
Chs.= ; trantrill n.Yks.' = [ta-ntril.] 1. An idle person, 
esp. a girl ; a vagrant, vagabond ; a gipsy. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790); N.Cy.^ n.Yks. Some tantril has been 
here and stovvn 't away, Meriton Praise Ale (1684) 1. 207; 
n.Yks.', m.Yks.', w.Yks.', ne.Lan.' 
2. A freak; a whim. Chs.^^ 

TANTRUM, sb. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and Eng. 
Also in forms tantarum Dev.; tanteruni Der.^; tanthrum 
Ir. ; tantrim Wil. [tantram, tsentram.] 1. In camp. 
Tantrum-fit, a fit of ill-temper. 

Lnk. Ba's wee brither when he's sleepy, Soothes him in his 
tantrum fit, Nicholson Idylls (1870) 29. 
2. A foolish fancy ; a whim, vagary ; a fluster ; pi. high 
or affected airs. See Antrims. 

Sc. In his tantrums (Jam.). Arg. If it had been no more than 
that, I should have thought it a girl's tantrum, Munro Shoes of 
Fort. (1901) 23. Gall. Mactaggart Encycl. (1824). Don. What 
was the nixt tanthrum come intil his head but to carry Billy right 
slap through the middle of Archie's bee-skeps, Cent. Mag. (Feb. 
1900) 606. Dur.', Cum.", w.Yks.i, Chs.^^, Der.= (s.v. Antrims), 
Not.', Lin.', Lei.' Nhp.' My lady was in her tantrums to-day ; 
there was no bearing her airs and her whims. Shr., Hrf. Bound 
Proviiic. (1876 . Hnt. (T.P.F.), e.An.' Nrf. Holloway. Suf.' 
He's in his tantrums. Sus., Hmp. Holloway. Wil. Slow Gl. 
(1892). s.Dev. Fox Kiitgsbridge (1874). Cor. Trapesing about 
and gitting in hes tantrums, E.vliibitioii (1873) 108. 

TANTRUMY, nrfy. w.Som.' [tee'ntrami.] Passionate; 
given to bursts of ill-temper. 

I can't think hot we be gwain to do way thick bwoy, he's that 
there tantrumy 'pon times, I be most afeard to zee un go off 
in fits. 

TANTRUN, 'J. m.Yks.i [ta-ntran.] To potter about ; 
to drudge or plod slowly, as old people. 
He's tantrunning about in the garth, now. 

TANTRUPS, si^. />/. Mid. [tae-ntraps.] Ill-humoured 

Not that we means to make tantrups, you know, Blackmore 
Kit viSgo'i II. viii. 

TANTUM, sb.' n.Cy. Wm. Yks. Bdf. Also written 
tantem Wm. [tantam, taentam.] 1. A fixed quantity ; 
a due proportion ; a stint of work, &c. 

n.Cy. In one or two old piecework trades— notably some 
branches of the potters and glass bottle makers— a similar 
limitation of individual output has prevailed under the name of 
stint or tantum. In our light metal shops . . . the society has a 
tantum fixed which the men are not allowed to exceed, Webb 
Iiidiistiial Democracy (1901) 447. Wm. Ah've deun mi tantem, 
Ah'll gah tu bed (B.K.I. w.Yks. ' Hev some mooar puddin ! ' 
' Nay, nooa mooar this tahme ; Ah've hed mi lantum.' ' Hah milch 
hez ta gitten ? ' ' Oh ! t'owd tantum ' (x6.). Bdf. A man drinks his 
tantum. A farmer has not got his tantum of men (J.W.B.). 
2. State, condition. 

Wm. He's back at t'auld tantem, drinkin o' afoor him, it's 
shamful (B.K.). 

TANTUM, sb.'^ n.Cy. Yks. [ta-ntam.] A dial, form 
of 'tantrum.' (J.W.) 

TANTY.RANTY, s6. Obs. Sc. Fornication. 

Edb. Which ever way ane maks a seizure O' the fair, i' the auld 
affair Ca't tanty-ranty, LiddlePo«»is (1821) 34. 

TANY-, see Tino, adv. 

TANYIE-MA-W, sb. S. & Ork.' [Not known to our 
correspondents.] A small species of sea-gull. 

TAO-WLT, see Tolt. 

TAP, v.' and sb.' Cum. Yks. Chs. Not. Nhp. 'War. Shr. 
Hrf. Glo. w.Cy. Dor. Dev. Cor. Also written tapp Yks. ; 
and in form tep Cum.'* [tap, tsep.] \. v. In comb, (i) 
Tap-andgo, 'tip-and-run,' a form of cricket in which the 
batsmen run every time they hit the ball ; (2) -it, the game 
of Up-Jenkins.' 

(i) s.Not. Let's play at cricket : let's play Tap-and-go (J.P.K.). 
(2) Nhp. (C.W.) 

2. To break stone for road metal. n.Yks. (C.V.C.) 

3. To re-sole or heel boots and shoes. 

Chs.', s.Chs.', War.2 Shr.' I've made yore boots aumust as 
good as new ; I've tapped an' 'eeled 'em, but I'd much ado, fur 
the in-sole wuz gwun. Hrf."^, Glo.', w.Cy. (Hall.), Dor.' Dev. 
Ef zo be yu taps thews botes, they'll least awl drfl tha zummer, 
Hewett Peas. Sp. (1892). nw.Dev.' Cor.' Tap a tap shoe, that 
would I do. If I had but a little more leather, Old Nursery Rhyme ; 

4. sb. A sharp stroke on the head ; a smart blow. 
Cum.'* , 5. A rate of speed. 

s.Chs.' Oo wuz kiim'in daaynjth road aat' \x praat'i uwd taap'. 
6. The sole of a boot or shoe; the metal shield on the 
heel of a boot or shoe. 

Dor.', nw.Dev.' Cor." The tap of your shoe is wearing; it 
wants tapping; Cor.* 

TAP, sb.^ and v.^ Var. dial, uses in Sc. and Eng. 
[tap, taep.] 1. sb. In comb, (i) Tap and cannel, a spigot 
and faucet ; (2) -blash, the refuse of the tap, weak inferior 
beer or ale, thin drink ; (3) -dish, a dish with a plug in the 
centre, to enable the dish to be emptied without removal; 
(4) -dressing, a custom of decorating wells with flowers, 
&c. ; see below ; (5) .droppings, sediment left at the 
bottom of a cask of beer, &c. ; (6) -lap, (7) -lash, see (2) ; 
(8) -ooze, the wicker strainer placed over the mouth of 
the tap in a mash-vat when brewing, to allow the wort to 
ooze through, and to prevent the grains passing ; (9) 
-tree, a conical pointed stick inserted in the hole in the 
bottom of the mast-vat ; (10) -wad, (11) -whisk, see (8). 

(i) Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. w.E»g. (1825). (2) Lin. Thomp- 
son Hist. Boston (1856) 726 ; Lin.' (3) Nhp.' (4) Der. We are 
sure all our readers — especially those who have seen a tap dress- 
ing — will hail with pleasure the announcement, that steps are 
about to be taken to have the taps at Wirksworth dressed on 
Whit-Wednesday next. . . It is remarkable that not a single 
objection can be made to the custom. Another circumstance is, 
that it is strictly local ; it belongs to Derbyshire alone. A'. & Q, 
1 1860) 2nd S. ix. 345 ; In 1855, while passing an evening hour at 
a garden-gate in . . . Baslow, a youth arrived bearing ... a very 
large basket well garnished with flowers of divers kinds and 
colours ; an increase of which he solicited by a selection from my 




friend's garden. . . I was informed that [he] was collecting them 
for the Pilsley ■ Well ' or 'Tap ' dressing. . . I found that . . . the 
festival . . . answered exactly to an account in a letter by a 
brother in 1851, describing the well-dressing which he witnessed 
at the above named place. It was as follows — ' In the morning a 
procession passed through Baslow on its way to Pilsley. It 
consisted of nine carts and waggons of all shapes and sizes, 
containing the boys and girls of Eyam school, with their dads and 
mams, uncles and aunts [&c.], . . a few flags, and headed by some 
stout fellows armed with cornopeans and trombones, blowing 
discordant sounds. . . They march round the village where the 
' wcU-nowering ' takes place, carrying their flags, and headed by 
their bands. In the afternoon we saw them come back, the chaps 
in the cart blowingaway as fresh as ever. When we went up in 
the evening, we found quite a throng in the village. People 
come from all parts ; and it seems to be the custom with those 
who can afford it to keep open house for the day. A great deal 
of taste and fancy is exhibited in the . . . 'tap-dressing.' Behind 
two of the taps that supply water to the village, was erected 
a large screen of rough boards ; the principal one was about 20 ft. 
square. The screen is then plastered over with moist clay, upon 
which the Duke of Devonshire's arms, and a great variety of 
fanciful devices and mottoes, are executed in various colours by 
sticking flowers and buds into the clay, by which means they keep 
fresh for several days. The background to the device is formed 
with the green leaves of the fir. Some of the ornaments are 
formed of shells stuck into the clay. Branches of trees are 
arranged at the sides of the screen ; and in the front a miniature 
garden is laid out, with tiny gravel-walks, and flower-beds with 
shell borders, and surrounded by a fence of stakes and ropes. 
Opposite the principal screen they had . . . attempted a fountain ; 
formed by the figure of a duck with outstretched wings, straight 
neck, and bill wide open, from which a stream of water shot up 
about a yard high. . . There was a . . . flag flying on the village 
green, and the same at the inn ; and a pole decorated with 
flowers, and a young tree tied to the lower part ; and a few stalls 
for nuts and gingerbread. A very large tent in which tea was 
served at a shilling, and as much dancing as j'ou liked afterwards 
for nothing; or the dancing without the tea for si.xpence ; and 
some third-rate itinerant posturers in the street. There was to 
be a grand display of fireworks between 11 and 12 o'clock; and 
besides, there was dancing at the inn, ib. 431. (5) n.Yks. (I.W.) 
(6) e.An.' (7) N.Cy.' Cum.i The weakest part of a brewing of 
ale; gen. three kinds — yel or yal, smo' beer, and tap lash ; Cum." 
w.Yks. Thoresby if//. (^1703); w.Yks.'*, ne.Lan.', Nhp.', Hrf.', 
Glo.' (8) Nhp.' (9) Sc. Put a cork or dottle in the under end ; 
or you may make use of a tap-tree, and then you need not a cork. 
Let the water stand four hours upon the ashes; then take out 
your cork, or tap-tree, and have a tub below to receive the lee 
that comes off, Maxwell Set. Trans. (1743) 284 (Jam.). Cai.' 
w.Ltb. There is in the brewhous . . . ane maskeine fatt, ane 
taptrie and ane maskine rudder, Maidment Spolliswoode Misc. 
(1844-5)1.372. (io)War.3,Wor. (E.S.),se.Wor.i (11) Lei.>,Nhp.> 

2. V. To change a note or sovereign. 

n.Cy. (Hall. \ w.Yks.' Nhp.' It'll soon go now it's once tapp'd. 

3. To begin cutting or consuming. 

w.Som.' Ididn want to tap thick there cave o' taties vore arter 
Kirsmas. Jim, urn out and tap in a cut o' hay, will 'er? 

TAP, TAP-ANTEERIE, see Top, Tapsalteerie. 

TAPE, -vA.' Nhb. Ylis. Lin. [tep, leap.] 1. In comp. 
Tape-needle, a bodkin. n.Lin.' 2. Phr. to have the tape, 
to have authority. 

Nhb.' ' He hes the tape' [applied to a farm worker who has 
instructions from his superior to order his fellow-workmen]. 
3. A weaving term : a length of warp used for threading 
the machine. w.Yks. (S.K.C.) Hence Tapeworm, sb. a 
long warp with about 10 to 20 ends. ib. 

TAPE, s6.2 s.Cy. I.W. Also written teype I.W.' A 
mole. s.Cy. (Hall.), I.W.' Hence Tape-taker, sb. a 
mole-catcher. I.W.' 

[Cp. And cither shall thees talpes voidc or sterve, 
Palladius Httsb. (c. 1420) 931. Lat. talpa.] 

TAPE, V. Sc. Also in form teep Lnk. (Jam.) Dmf. 
[tep, tip.] To use sparingly ; to make anything go a long 
way ; to stint. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; Herd Coll. Bugs. (1776) Gl. Lnk. Ramsay Poems 
(1721) Gl. Dmf. Wallace Schoolmaster (1899) 354. 

TAPEE, sb. Obs. or obsol. Sc. (Jam.) 1. The fore 
part of the hair when put up with pins. Sc. 2. A small 
cushion of hair worn by old women, in what is called the 
open of the head, for keeping up the hair. Ayr. 

TAPER, V. and adj. Nhb. Chs. e.An. Also written 
taypor Nhb. [tep3(r.] \. v. To reduce gradually ; to 
diminish the quantity or potency of one's drink ; to dilute 
wines, spirits, &c. 

Nhb. Gie's a drain, not a drop ! whei aw mun taypor, Chater 
Tyneside Aim. (1869) 7. s.Chs.' A woman said her cat had been 
feeding on milk and ' wiid-)nu lahyk tii bi tai'pQrd daayntu wee-.' 
2. attj. At an end, nearly exhausted. 

e.An.^ My purse grows taper. 

TAPERED, ppl. adj. Obs. Sc. In form teypard. 01 
abuilding; high andtrail. Gall. MACTAGGART^Hcyf/- (1824). 

TAPERELL, adv. Hmp. [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] P'eebly. 

s.Hmp. In the month of April He [the cuckoo] singeth taperell, 
A'. &■ O. I 1872) 4th S. ix. 447. 

TAPER-TAIL, nrfz'. Obs. Sc. Topsy-turvy. 

s.Sc. (Jam.); The warl' wad a' gang taper-tail thegither, T. 
Scott Poems (:793) 365. 

TAPET, see Tabet. 

TAPEY, nrf/. Yks. [tea'pi.] Plastered or stuck together 
with size so as to represent the appearance of tape. 
w.Yks. (J.G.) 

TAPIE, see Tawpie. 

TAPL0CH,s6. Obs. Sc. Alsoinformtawploch. A giddy- 
brained girl. Gall. MACTAGGART£Hor/.( 1824). Cf.tawpie. 

TAPLY, adv. Obs. Dcv. Also in form tapely. At 
break of day, early in the morning; privately, quickly. 

n.Dev. Chell g' in to Moulton Tomarra pritty taply, E.xm. 
Crishp. 1,1746) 1. 630; Uorae Subseiivae (1777) 427- 

TAPPER, si.' Lei. Also in form tapperer. [ta-p3{r).] 
The lesser spotted woodpecker, Dendrocopus minor. 
SwAiNSON Birds (1885) 99. 

TAPPER, sb."^ Obs. n.Cy. An innkeeper. Trans. 
Phil. Soc. (1858) 174; (Hall.) 

[OE. tappcre, a tavern-keeper (B.T.).] 

TAPPERER, see Tapper, sb.' 

TAPPET, sb. Nhb.' [tapit.] A piece put on a shoe. 

TAPPID, see Tappit. 

TAPPIETOORIE, sb. Sc. Irel. Also written tapi- 
toorie Edb. Ir. ; tappietourie Sc. (Ja.m.) : and in form 
tappy-tourock Ayr. [tapituri.] 1. Anything raised 
very high to a point ; also used attrib. 

Frf. Each having a little peg at the top, like the tappie-toorie of 
a Balmoral bonnet, Inglis ^(></7*. (1895) 94. Ayr. i,Jam.) Lnk. 
The tappie-toorie fir-tree shining a' in green, Miller intlic 
IVinkie (ed. 1902) 12. Edb. Chignons, tapitoories, and bannits, 
Smith yf«;/^ Blair (ed. 1871) 15. n.Ir. She hadnae a big tapi- 
toorie heid o' hair like the maist o' lasses in them days, Lyttle 
Paddy McQuillan, 45. 

2. Anything resting on an insecure foundation and 
swinging at the top. Sc. (A.W.) Cf. tappiloorie. 

3. The knob of pastry which fills up the hole in the 
centre of a pie. 

Ayr. (Jam.); When he's getting his dinner wi' you the day, 
I would gie him the tappy-tourock o' the pie, Galt Sir A. IVjlie 
(1822") Ixxxviii. 

TAPPILOORIE, sb. Sc. Anything raised high on a 
sliglit or tottering foundation ; also used attrib. (Jam.), 
Mackay. Cf. tappie-toorie, 2. 

TAPPIN, sb. Sc. Also in form taupin Abd. 1. The 
root of a tree ; the tap-root of a turnip, carrot, &c. 

Abd. (G.W.) Per. A tangly tappin for a rod He in his nervous 
right hand claspit, Spence Poems ^1898. 141. 
2. Fig. A long, thin person. 

Abd. Sic a lang taupin o' a lassie, or o' a loon (G.W.). 

TAPPIN, see Topping. 

TAPPISH, V. Der. Also written tapish. [ta-pij.] 
To waste or pine away ; to begin to be mortally ill. 

Der. 2 Hur tappish'd yest' morn. n.Der. He tapished and died, 
Addy Gl. V1891 i 58. nw.Der.' Inquiring on Sunday last what ailed 
a man who was sick, his brother said he thought he was ' tap- 
pished ' with a decline. The word is common in the mining 
district near Bakewell, Manc/i. Guardian {Mar. i, 1875); 'Tappish' 




is current as a neuter verb at Taddington. I am also informed 
by a native of Winster that the word is used there in a passive 
form, as 'He's tappished; ' he's poorly or ill. The word is also 
used there in reference to an unsound arm or leg, for instance, 
' This arm's tappished.' It is, moreover, applied to a piece of wood 
or a board which is decaying, 'This wood's tappished,' ib. (Mar. 
29, 1875) ; When the word ' tappish ' is made use of, and it is 
applied to persons, animals, and vegetables, it is understood or 
intended to mean that the person, animal, or vegetable is afflicted 
with a disease which is probable may cause death. It is very 
commonly used with respect to potato crops, as, ' Ahv a good crop 
a taters, bur theer tappished,' ib. (Apr. 8, 1875). 

TAPPIT, ppl. adj. Sc. Hmp. Also in forms tapped 
Cai. ; tappid Sh.I. ; tappity Sc. (Jam.) [ta'pit, tae'pit.] 
Crested, tufted ; gen. used of fowls. See 'Top, 6, Toppy. 

Sh.I. What tinks da o' Mansie's tappid hen 'at haes a egg i' da 
moarnin? S/j. A'cws (Jan. 28, 1899). Cai.' Elg. A tappit hen Wi' 
yellow spurs lang on her heels, Couper Poetry (1804) II. 56. 
Rnf. Pawkie Auld Robin cam up frae the glen, Wi' a dozen o' eggs 
and a white tappit hen, Barr Poems (1861) 73. Ayr. His head 
powdered and frizzled up like a tappit-hen, Galt An>i. Parish 
(1821') ii. s.Hmp. Ursley, as is more like a tappit hen nor aught 
else, Verney L. Lisle (1870) xi. 

Hence Tappit-hen, sb. a drinking vessel containing a 
Scotch quart of ale or claret ; a larger vessel containing 
three pints of wine. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; A huge pewter measuring-pot containing at least 
three English quarts, denominated a Tappit-hen, Scott IVaverley 
(1814) xi ; It was a pewter measure, the claret being in ancient 
days served from the tap, and had the figure of a hen upon the lid. 
In later times the name was given to a glass bottle of the same 
dimensions, Hislop 5c, ^Hfcrfo/e (1874) 4. Ayr. The tappit hen, 
gae bring her ben, Burns Oh a Tumbler, st. a. 

TAPPY, see Tawpy, Toppy. 

TAPPY-LAPPY, adv. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Ylcs. Nhp. 
[ta'pilapi.] As fast as possible ; at top speed, helter- 
skelter ; anyhow; gen. used of running. 

N.Cy.i Nhb.i The twee boxers went ti'd tappy-lappy, Uke a 
lowse winda shutter flappin i' the wind, e.Dur,' Cum. Linton 
Lake Cy. (1864I 312. n.Yks, They'd all geean in, tappy lappy, 
TwEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 48 ; n,Yks.'', m,Yks.', Nhp.'- 

TAPPY-TOUROCK, see Tappietoorie. 

TAPPY-TOUSIE, sb. Sc. (Jam.) A children's game ; 
see below. 

In this sport, one taking hold of another by the forelock of his 
hair, says to him, ' Tappie tappie tousie, will ye be my man ? ' 
If the other answers in the affirmative, the first says, ' Come to me 
then, come to me then,' giving him a smart pull towards him by the 
lock which he holds in his hand. If the one who is asked, answers 
in the negative, the other gives him a push backward, saying, 
* Gae frae me then, gae frae me then,' 

TAPSALTEERIE, adv. and sb. Sc. Irel. Also written 
tapsalteery Dmf. ; tapsalterie Lnk. ; and in forms tap- 
an-teerie Sc. ; tapsalteeries Per.; tapsee-teerie Rxb.; 
tapsie-teerie Rxb. (Jam.); tapsill-teerieSh.l,; tapsilteery 
Lth, ; taupsaleery Edb. ; topsy-teery Uls. 1. adv. 
Topsy-turvy, upside down ; also used atlrib. 

Sc. He was na widower lang ago, Till he grew tap-and-teerie ; 
And he has thro' the kintry gane. To seek anither dearie, Kinloch 
Ballad Bk. (1827) 77, ed. 1868. Sh.I, I'll fiddle until my fiddle 
an' I Baith gengs tapsill teerie, Stewart Tales (1892) 83, Per, I 
think the year's gane tapsalteeries, Haliburton Ochil Idylls 
(1891) III, Ayr, (Jam.) ; May a' gae tapsalteerie, Burns Green 
grow the Rashes, st, 4. Lnk. The man's mind's clean reversed, an' 
turned tapsalterie a'thegither, Murdoch Readings {i8g$) II. 103. 
Lth, Dealing round strong punch and joke. Good humoured mad, 
near twa o'clock Turns a' things tapsilteery, MacneillPos/. IVts. 
(1801) 176, cd, 1856. Edb. A' my fine castles in the air . . . had 
been sent taupsaleery, Campbell Deilie Jock (1897) 113, SIk. 
Wi' ae desperate wallop we baith gaed tapsalteerie— frae ae 
sliddery ledge to anither, Chr. North Nodes (ed. 1856) II. 10. 
Dmf. Nae madcap schemes tumin' a' thing tapsalteery, Paton 
Castlebraes (1898) 144. Rxb. For tapsee-teerie lie the sheaves, A. 
Scott Poems (ed. 1808) 100; (Jam.) Uls. (M.B.-S.) 
2. sb. A topsy-turvy manner ; a state of disorder. 

Dmf. So on in a glorious tapsalteery, till I led up the rear wi' 
daft Meg o' the Shields. Paton Castlebraes (1898) 95. 

TAPTEE, sb. Lnk. (Jam.) [ta-pti.] A state of eager 
desire. ' What a taptee he is in ! ' how eager he is. 

TAPTIRE, see Toptire. 

TAPTOO, sb. Obs. or obsol. Ayr. (Jam.) 1. A gaudy 
ornament on the head. 2. Phr. to put one into a taptoo, 
to excite one's wrath ; to produce violent passion. Cf. 

TAPYAH, see Tawpie. 

TAR, sb.^ Van dial, and colloq. uses in Sc. and Eng. 
[tar, ta(r).] 1. In comp. (i) Tar-bant, a thick tarred 
string, used for tying sacks, &c., sometimes used for 
thatching ; (2) -bottle, a ' hanger ' in copy-book writing ; 

(3) -buist, the box containing tar for marking sheep ; (4) 
•cord, (5) -mar-band, (6) -marl or -marline, see (i) ; (7) 
-pitched, covered with tar; (8) -rope, rope-yarn; the 
thread of old cables, &c. 

(i) Chs.i (2) Rut.i (s,v. Ship-hooks), (3) Twd., Rxb, (Jam.) 

(4) War, (J,R,W,) (5-) e.Lin. (G,G.W.) (6) Lin,i, n.Lin.i, 
ne,Lin, (E.S.), se.Lin, (J,T.B.), sw.Lin,', e.An.^ (7) Dev. A grey 
stone house wi' the granite white-washed awver an' the slate root 
tar-pitched, Phillpotts Striking Hours (1901) 87. (8) e.Nrf. 
Marshall Rur. Eton. (1787), 

2. Phr. (i) to be tarred imth the same stick, to share un- 
desirable qualities ; in^^«. colloq. use ; (2) to iar the fingers 
to do a thing, to meet with difficulty in accomplishing it ; 
to be unwilling to do it. 

(i) Sc. I doubtna it has been Rashleigh himsell, or some other 
o' your cousins — they are a' tarr'd wi' the same stick — rank 
Jacobites and papists, Scott Rob Roy (1817) xxvi ; The allusion is 
to the bit of wood used as a brush for putting the tar-mark on 
sheep (Jam,). Abd. Mony o' them tarr't wi' the same stick, 
Alexander Johmiy Gibb (1871) vii. Lth. I'm afraid that I am 
' tarred with the same stick,' for I am fond of horses, Strathesk 
More Bits (ed. 1885) 170. (2) Bnff.i w.Sc. Generally said 
regarding wet, dirty work (Jam. ). 

TAR, si.° Nhb,^ [tar.] In phr. /o se/o« tor, to relieve 
any one who has got into low water ; to set him on his feet. 

TAR, see Tare, sb.^^, Taw, sA.\ Tear, v.' 

TARBLE, adj. Brks. Hmp. Wil. Dor. [ta'bl.] A 
corruptionof' tolerable' ; esp. used of health. Cf torable. 

Brks.' I be a veelin' pretty tarble now zur, thenk 'e kindly vor 
axin. w.Cy. (Hall.), Dor.i 

Hence 'Tarblish, adj. and adv. tolerably ; pretty well. 

Brks.i, Hmp. (H.R.), Hmp.' s.Hmp. My cough he's a deal 
worse ; there's summat tarblish wrong a-goin' on in my inside, 
Verney L. Lisle (1870) xxix. w.Cy. (Hall.) Wil. Tarblish 
middlin', thankee, Britton £e«!</i'«5 (1825). Dor.' ' How b'ye ? ' 

TARBLE, see Terrible. 

T ARBOR, sb. Nhb. [taTbsr.] The frill inside a 
child's bonnet. (R.O.H.) 

TARBOTTLE, sb. Oxf. [tabotl.] The black knap- 
weed, Centaiirea nigra. (B. & H.) 

TARD, see Tear, ».' 

TARDIE, adj. Obs. Knr. (Jam.) Also in form tairdie. 
Peevish, ill-humoured, sulky; satirical. 

TARDLE.w.' Dor. [tadl.] Toentangle. G/,(i85i); Dor.' 

TARDLE, v.'^ Nrf [ta-dl,] To dress gaily. 

The neighbours say I take their money for 'tardling' out my 
' mawthers' (A,A,G,). 

TARDRY, see Tawdry. 

TARDS, sb. pi. Sc. Also written tawrds (Jam.). 
[tardz,] A leather strap used for punishment. 

Abd. (Jam,) ; Whack, Robbie W — sh's tards came down Upon 
their shouthers. Robe Poems (1852) 189. 

TARDY, sb. Obs. Chs. A fine for being late. 

Chs.' ; Chs.^ The accounts of the company of smiths, cutlers, 
pewterers and cardmakers at Chester contain many similar entries 
to the following : — ' Nov. 11, 1679, received from Reignold Woods 
for a tardy, srf.' 

TARE, sb.^ In gen. dial, use in Sc. and Eng. Also in 
forms tar e.Yks.' Chs.' Stf Not. Lin.' n.Lin.' sw.Lin.' 
Shr.' s.Cy. Ken.'^ I.W.' Dor. ; tor Shr.^ w.Cy, [ter, 
te3(r ; ta(r).] 1. In comp. (i) Tare-fitch, (2) -grass, (3) 
•vetch, van species of wild vetch, esp. the tufted vetch, 
Vicia cracca, and the hairy vetch, V. hirsuta. 

(I) Chs.', Shr.i2, W.Cy. (Hall.) [Tarefytche, lupyn, Palsgr. 
(1530).] (2) Stf.', Keii.'2 (3)s,Cy,(HALL.),I.W.',Dor.(B.&H.) 




2. A name given to various species of vetch, esp. the 
common vetch, Vicia saliva, and tne hairy vetch, V. hirsuta. 

s.Sc, n.Cy. (B. & H.), e.Yks.', Chs.' s.Not. When shall uz 
mow that field o' tars (J.P.K.). Lin.', n. Lin.' sw.Lin.' There's 
such a quantity of wild tars to-year. Mid. ^B. & H.), Suf. (C.T. 1, 
Ess. i B. St. H.) 

3. The common bindweed, Convolvulus arveiisis. 
Wil. Davis Agiic. (18131. 

TARE, :i6.= Obx. Yks. See below. 

w.Yks. The net weight of sliver obtained from any lather 
which had been ' livered out' to the comber. On this tare, p.iy- 
ment was made, so as to prevent waste as much as possible (J.T.). 

TARE, sb.' Irel. Also in form tar. [ter.] In phr. 
(i) tare an' age{s, (2) — an' otins or an' onus, (3) — an' 
aunty, exclamations ; expletives. 

(i) Ir. ' Tare-anages ! ' said Dan's father, 'and is that the way 
of the win" with you ? ' Barlow Idylls (1892) 200. n.Ir. Tare an- 
age ! Wirrasthrue ! What we say, shure, it's true. Lays and 
Leg. (1884'! 52. Wxf. Oh! tare an' ages, that's seven, Kennedy 
Evenings Diiffrey (1869} 46. (2) Ir. Tar an' ouns ! did ynu see 
Father Rafl'erty lilt his hand to his hat? Paddiana (ed. 18481 I. 
251 ; Oh! tare an' onus [sic], Bodkin S/ii/Wii^/i (1902) loi. w.Ir. 
' Tare an ouns,' says I, ' do you tell me so ? ' Lover Leg. (1848) 
I. 163. (3) Ir. Tare an' ounty, woman ! who ever heerd of sich 
a thing? Lover Handy Andy (1842) i.\ ; 'And by tare-an-ounty ! ' 
say she. ' I'm unworthy to be either his wife or yours,' Carleton 
Trails Peas. (ed. 1843) I. 45. 

TARE, adj. Hrf. Rdn. [te3(r).] Of flies : eager, rest- 
less, troublesome. 

Hrf.' How tare the llies be. Rdn. Morgan tVds. (1881). 

TARE, see Tear, i/.' 

TAREINGTUB, sb. Nhb. Dur. A coal-mining term : 
the tub chosen to be weighed to obtain the average tare. 

There are various methods of obtaining the average tare, one 
of which is for the weighman and checkweighman to agree when 
the tubs are in the shaft which are to be taken, and the tubs so 
named are tared as they come to bank, Nicholson Coal Tr. Gl. 

TARE-NATION, TARESTRIL, see Tarnation, Tais- 

TARF(F, adj. Or.L [tarf.] Coarse, harsh, acrid; 
rough in manner. (S.A.S.) ; Dennison Sketch Bk. (1880) 
loi (Jam. Sitppl.). 

TARGAT, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written target. 1. A 
tassel ; an ornament for the hat. 

Sc. (Jam.'); There hang nine targats at Johnie's hat, Scott 
Minstrelsy fi8o2"i L 412, ed. 1848. 

2. A tatter, shred. 

Sc. (Jam.) Edb. The weight o' ilka codroch chiel, That does 
my skin to targets peel, Fercusson Pofms (1773) 177, ed. 1785. 
Kcb. The strings [of her apron] in targets flew, Davidson Seasons 
(17891 120. 

3. Comb. Targat-of-skate, a long dried slice of skate. 
Ags. (Jam.) 

TARGE, V. and sb. Sc. Irel. Cum. Also written tairge 
Sc. (Jam.) [terdg.] 1. v. To beat, strike, thrash. 

Frf. Targed him tightly till he fell, Sands Poems (1833') 105. 
Per. (Jam.) Cum.' He'll gi' thee a targin', my lad ; Cum.* 

Hence Targed-tow, sb. scutched tow. Uls. (M.B.-S.) 

2. Obs. To keep in order or under discipline. 

Sc. Targed him tightly until the finishing of the job, Scott 
Wnwi7f)i (1814') xlii. 

3. To scold loudly ; to reprimand severely. 

Sc , Cld. (Jam.) Rxb. I wadna' hae dared gie him the tairging 
I did, only that Whithaugh has but six men riding the night, 
Hamilton Outlaws (1897) 47. Gall. A thorough-gaun, tairgin', 
satisfactory kind of woman is Kirst, Crockett /Ci/ ^f«Hf(/y (1899) 
271. N.I.' 

4. To cross-examine ; to question closely. 

Sc. I was just wissin' o' a' things to see ye a wee glilT, that I 
micht targe ye, Sa-mn and Gael (1814) L 163 (Jam.). e.Fif. 
Mr. Penman tairged him tichtly in the cross-examination, and 
garred him shak in's shoon, Latto Tarn Bodkin (1864) xv. Ayr. 
I on the questions tairge them tightly. Burns Inventory, 1. 41. 
Lth. (Jam.) Rxb. I'll gic him a tairgin (i4.). 

5. To copulate. Cum.* 6. sb. A scold ; a 'vixen.' 
Cai. Fat wud ye do wi' a targe lek her ? Horne Connlrysidc 

(1896) 40. Ayr. Bessie Graham was a terr'ble tairge, and had 

a tinkler tongue in the heid of her. Service Dr. Diiguid (ed. 1887) 
67. N.I.' 
[3. Cp. OE. tiergan, tergan, to irritate, annoy, afTlict 


TARGED, ppl. adj. Obs. Cld. (Jam.) Shabby in ap- 
pearance, tattered. 

TARGER, sb. Sc. Irel. Lakel. Cum. Also written 
tairger, terjer Sc. [terdjar.] 1. A scold ; a virago ; a 
quarrelsome woman. See Targe, 6. 

Lnlt. Happily rid o' his awful terjer o' a mither-in-law, Murdoch 
Readings (1895) II, 59. Gall. O, she's a tairger. . . She wadna gie 
ye ony mutton ham, though ye micht hae a chance to get the 
shank bane on the side o' your head, Crockett Kit Kennedy 

(1899) xxix. Ant. (S.A.B.\ Cum.* 

2. A person of bad or eccentric character ; a rough 
fellow ; a mischievous person. Lakel.*, Cum.* 3. Anj'- 
thing very large or out of the common; a monstrous lie. 
See Targing. 

n.Ir. A schrcuger an' targer, an' twinty times larger Thin iver 
wis heerd av in Ballynascreen, Lays and Leg. (1884) 45. Cum.* 

TARGET, sb. Oxf.' [ta'gat] A leg and breast of 
Iamb combined. MS. add. 

TARGIiiG, ppl. adj. Irel. Cum. Also written targein 
N.I.' [teTdgin.] Large, monstrous. See Targer, 3. 

N.I,' A targein' fine horse. Cum.* Thoo is a targin' leear. 

TARGLE, sb. Yks. Not. Also written targel Not.= ; 
targillw.Yks.^ [ta'gl.] 1. Anythingworthless or inferior. 

Not.* This knite is a targel. s.Not. Well, I call this here 
anthern a taigle (J.P.K.). 
2. A despicable person, esp. a dirty, slovenly woman 

w.Yks.* Tlia nasty targill. 

TARGUS, adj. n.Lan.> Worthless. 

TARING, sb. Sh.I. [terin.] The common tern. 
Sterna fliiviatilis. Swainson Z?/>-</s (1885) 202. Cf. tarrock. 

TARKY, adj. Obs. Suf. Dark. (P.R.) Cf. thark. 

TARLACK, see Tarloch. 

TARLE, ;■. and sb. Bnff.| [terl.] 1. v. To work 
lazily; to be of a lazy disposition ; a dial, form of 'trail.' 

2. To labour under disease. 

She tarlet aboot a day or twa or she took the bed. 

3. sb. A small, weak person or animal. 
TARLOCH, sb., v. and adj. Sc. Yks. Also in forms 

tarlack w.Yks.*; tarlogh Sc. (Jam.) [Sc. ta'rlax-] 1. s6. 
A contemptible fellow ; a person not over-particular ; a 
sturdy, brawling woman ; a dirty female tatterdemalion. 
Sc. It is commonly applied to beggars and the lowest people 
(Jam.). Lnk. Tae loup like a cock at a grosset At ilka bit bodic 
we see. May dae unco weel for some tarlochs. But, lad, it'll no dac 
for me, Thomson yi/«si';ig'5 (1881) 44. w.Yks.'- Tha'rt a nice tarlack! 

2. A silly, inactive girl. Abd. (Jam.) 3. Any creature 
or thing small, weak, and worthless of its kind. Bnff.', 
Ayr. (Jam.) 4. v. To go about in a lazy manner. Bnft".' 

5. To show symptoms of disease, ib. 6. adj. Weak, 
peevish, grumbling. Ayr. Gl. Surv. 693 (Jam.). 

7. Squeamish as to food ; reluctant to eat. Sc. (Jam.) 

8. Ot the weather : stormy. Lnl. A tarlogh day {ib.). 
TARM, see Term. 

TARMANACK, sb. Cor.» [tamanak.] A slovenly 

TARMINED, pp. Yks. Lan. Glo. Nrf. Also in form 
tamiint Lan. [ta'mind.] An aphetic dial, form of 
' determined.' 

w.Ylcs. Common (J.W.). Lan. He wur tarmint to mak o reet, 
ScHOLES Tim Gamwattle (1857) 23. Glo. I started early on Monday 
marnin', 'tarmined to see as much as possible, Ginns Colswold 
Vill. (1898) 90. Nrf. I wor 'tarmined not to move. Spilling 
Molly Miggs 1 1902) 40. 

TARMIT, see Turmit. 

TARN, .-ib. Sc. n.Cy. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. ; also 
Dev. [tarn, tan.] 1. A small mountain lake ; a deep 
pool ; a sheet of water fed by many small streams ; a 
shallow pool fringed with rushes. 

Sc. (Jam.) e.Sc. Tarns spot it, Strain Elmstic's Dragnet 

(1900) 55. Per. Leavin' their rooks amang the tarns o' Stormont 
vale, Stewart Cliaracter (1857) 121. Dmf. A lonely loch or 
mountain tarn, Wallace Schoolmaster (1899) 229. Gall. The 
wavelets of the tiny tarn, Crockett Kit Kennedy (1899) iv. 





N.Cy.'*, Dur.', Lakel.'^, Cum.* Wm. A tarn of melted brimstone, 
HuTTON Bran New IVark (1785) I. 239. n.Yks.> = 3 w.Yks^ 
HuTTON Tour to Caves (1781) ; w.Yks.', n.Lan.', ne.Lan.' n.Dev. 
Grose (1790^ 

Hence Blind-tarn, sb. a 'tarn' without visible outlet. 
Lakel.' 2. A tear. [Not known to our correspondents.] 
Wm. Kirkby Stephen Messenger (Apr. 1891). 

[1. ON. tjorn I gen. tjarnar), a small lake (Vigfusson).] 

TARN, see Tarnd, Turn, v. 

TARNAL, adj. and adv. Irel. Yks. Brks. Ken. I.W. 
Som. and Amen Also written tarnel s.Cy. I.W.'*; and 
in form ternal Ir. [ta'rnl, ta'nl.] 1. adj. and adv. An 
aphetic dial, form of 'eternal'; used as an intensitive or 
to express strong abhorrence. See Eternal, N-etarnal. 

Ir. Matther! 'tarnal villains, Lover Handy Andy (1842) 
xli. w.Yks.', Brks.', s.Cy. (Hall.) Ken. Dare was a tarnal 
sight of meat, Masters Dick and Sal (c. 1821) st. 62 ; Ken.' I.W.' 
There's a tarnel deeul on't ; I.W.^ There's a tarnal gurt heap on't, 
w.Som.' 'Tis a tarnal shame. Her's tarnal fond o' un. [Amer. 
It's a scorpion. . . I darsn't skeer the tarnal thing, Lowell Biglow 
Papers (1848) 58.] 
2. adj. In phr. by the ternal -war, an expletive. 

Ir. By the 'ternal war ! if you say another word, I'll throw the 
jug at you ! Lover Handy Andy (1842") ii. 

TARNATION, sb., adj. and adv. In gen. dial, use in 
Sc. Irel. Eng. and Amer. Also written tahnation Suf.' ; 
tarnaayshun Brks.'; tarnashun I.W.'; and in forms 
tare-nation Ir. ; teruation Sus. [tarnajan, tanejan.] 

1. sb. An expletive ; a disguised form of ' damnation ' ; 
esp. in phr. tarnation seizeyou. Cf. nation, sb.'^ 

Ir. Tare-nation to the rap itselfs in my company, Carleton 
Trails Peas. (ed. 1843) I. 26. Don. Tarnation saize ye ; let go me 
throat ! Macmanus Bend of Road (1898) 33. I.W.' 

2. adj. and adv. Used as an intensitive. 

Sh.I. We've edder made a michty big raiscalcalation, or a 
tarnation quick passage, Ollason Mareel (1901) 80. Ayr. I was 
held as no artist by him, but simply a tarnation sweep-maker, 
Hunter Studies (1870) 218. Don. What's this tarnation tom- 
foolery about in my front parlour? Macmanlts Bend of Road 
(1898) 66. n.Cy. (J.W.) e.Yks.' Bob's a tarnation seet betther 
then Jack, ./l/S. «rfrf.(T.H.) -w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. What tarnation 
game'sthis? Manc/i. Even. Mail {Aug. 2-!, igoi) z. Chs.'^ Der.^ 
A tarnation big lie. se. Lin. A tarnation fool (J. T.B.). Brks.' w.Mid. 
I did feel a tarnation fool (W. P.M.). e.An.^ Nrf. There wus a 
tarnation roke (W.R.E.). Suf.' A tahnashun sight of folks. Sus. 
I cum away ternation crass. Lower Tom Cladpole (1831) st. 125. 
w.Som.' Tarnation ugly. [Amer. He is in a tarnation hurry, Sam 
Slick Clockmaker (1836) ist S. ix.] 

Hence Tarnationally, adv. very, exceedingly. 

e.An.^ Faaither is tarnationally grumpy to day. 

TARN'D, ppl. adj. Nhb. Cum. Also written tarn't 
Cum.'*; and in form tarn n.Cy. Nhb.' [tarn(d.] Ill- 
natured, fierce, crabbed. 

n.Cy. (Hall.) Nhb. Just pinch'd te deeth they're tarn and 
snarly, Wilson P/V/imn's Prty (1843) 29; Nhb.' Cum.' E'en telt 
my tarn'd auld mudder, Anderson Ballads (1805) 44 ; Cuiu.* 

TARNELLY, adv. I.W.' [ta'nali.] An aphetic dial, 
form of ' eternally.' ' She's tarnelly talkun about et.' 

TARPIT,f. Obs. Sc. An aphetic dial.form of 'interpret.' 

Per. Giftit intil sic things as the tarpitin a dreams, Monteath 
Dunblane (1835I 91, ed. 1887. 

T ARPORLEY-PEACH, sb. Chs. A kind of pear ; see 

Chs.' ; Chs. 3 The Aston town pear is so called, as it is generally 
ripe about the time of the Tarporley races and the meeting of the 
club, which takes place in the first week in November. 

TAR(R, V. and sb. Irel. Yks. Chs. Lin. Wor. Sur. 
Also in form thar Wxf.' [ta(r).] 1. v. To excite to 
anger or violence ; to tease ; also with o«. Wxf.', Chs. '°^, 
se.Wor.' Hence Tarry, adj. irritable, verging towards 
spiteful anger. se.Lin. He got quite tarry (J.T.B.). 

2. With e^: to put a person oft" with useless information. 
Sur. (T.T.C.) a. sb. A mischievous character; used esp. 
of a child. 

w.Yks. We say tut' barn 'Eh, tha'rt a tar!' Ylis. Wkly. Post 
(July 10, 1897); w.Yks. 5 

[And like a dog that is compell'd to fight, Snatch at his 
master that doth tarre him on, Shaks. K.John, iv. i. 117.] 

TARR, see Tor(r. 

TARRADIDDLE, sb. Sus. [taeradidl.] A liar. 
Squire Darling were a tarradiddle, Blackmore Springhavcn 
(1887) V. 

TARRADIDDLED, ppl. adj. ? Obs. w.Cy. Imposed 
upon, as by lies; puzzled; bewildered. (Hall.) Cf. 

TARRAGAT,!'. Sc. A corrupted form of 'interrogate.' 
Sc. (Jam.) Hence Tarragatin, vbl. sb. a strict examina- 
tion ; the act of examining strictly. Sc. (Jam.), Bnff.' 

TARRAN, sb. Obs. Rxb. (Jam.) A peevish, ill- 
humoured person. See Tirran, sb. 2. 

TARRANT, adj. and sb. Yks. Lan. [tarsnt.] 1. adj. 
Mean, disreputable ; a corruption of 'the arrant.' 

e.Yks.' Tarrant awd hussy tell'd ma Ah was a leear. 
2. sb. A crabbed, ill-natured person. w.Yks. Thoresby 
Lett. (1703). n.Lan.' 

TARRAS, sb. Yks. [ta'ras.] A troublesome, mis- 
chievous lad. 

w.Yks. He's a regular tarras and nubdy can say him (H.L.). 

TARRAS, see Terrace, sb? 

TARRAT, sb. Hmp. w.Cy. Cor. Also written tarret 
Cor. [tasTst.] Aloft. The same word as ' tallet' (q.v.). 

Hmp.' Hmp., w.Cy. A hay tarrat (J.R.W.). Cor. (F.R.C.) 

TARRET, v. Obs. n.Cy. To tarry. (Hall.) 

TARRET, see Tarrat, Tarrock. 

TARRICROOK(E, sb. Sh.I. Also written taricrook ; 
and in form taricrocke (Jam.). A bent pitchfork. 

(Jam.); jAKOBSENDin/. (1897)45 ; S. & Ork.' A pitchfork having 
the prongs at right angles with the shaft, used for gathering and 
spreading seaweed as manure. 

[ON./fln-, seaweed (Vigfusson).] 
TARRIE, 56. Obs. Sc. Trouble. 

Gin ye ca' me fairy, I'll work ye muckle tarrie, Chambers Pop. 
Rhymes (ed. 1870) 324. 

TARRIE, see Terrie, sb> 

TARRIER, sb. Lon. An instrument used to extract a 
bung from a turpentine-barrel. 

It is made in the shape of three tapering cork-screws, 
united at their bases. Any two serve as a handle to the third 

[Fr. tariere, an augur (Cotgr.).] 

TARROCK, sb. Sc. Yks. Cor. Also in forms tarret 
Sh.I. ; tirracke Sh.I. (Jam.) S. & Ork.' ; tirrik, tirrook 
Sh.I. (Jam.) [tarsk, ts'rak.] 1. The common tern. 
Sterna jfliiviatilis. 

Sh.I. SvvAiNsoN Birds (1885") 202; Whaar da piltiks bul an da 
tirriks dip, Junda Klingraliool (1898) 13. 
2. The arctic tern, S. inacnira. Swainson ib. 3. The 
kittiwake, Rissa tridactyla ; esp. used of the young bird 
before the first moulting. 

Sh.I. (Jam.); The querulous cry of the tirracke, and kittiewake, 
Scott Pira/s (1821) x ; S. & Ork.', s.Sc. (R.H.H.) Yks. Ylis. 
Willy. Post (Dec. 31, 1898). Cor. Rood Birds (1880) 315. 

TARRON, sb. n.Yks.^ [taran.] A scamp, rake ; lit. 
' tar ' one. See Tar(r, 3. 

T ARROODEAL, s6. I. Ma. [tarSdH.] A kind of beetle; 
lit. 'devil's bull.' 

Maybe flowers for her to look at, or tarroodeals or ladybirds. 
Brown Yarns (1881) 235, ed. i88g. 

TARROO-USHTEY, s6. I. Ma. [ta-ru-ujti.] A fabulous 

Freckened she'd come in some shape or another, like a corpse . . . 
or a tarroo-ushtey, Brown IVitcli (1889) 83. 

TARRO'W, V. and sb. Sc. [taro, ta'ra.] 1. v. Obs. 
A dial, form of 'tarry'; to delay ; to linger. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; Dalrymple Gl. 32 ; Be still taking and tarrowing 
[Take what you can get, though not all that is due], Kelly Prov. 
(1721) 63; Lang tarrowing taks a' the thanks awa, Henderson 
Prov. (1832) 100, ed. 1881. 

2. To complain ; to find fault with one's food ; to refuse 
food, &c. merely out of peevishness. 

Sc. Children are said to tarrovv at their meat, when they delay 
taking it, especially from some pettish humour, or do it so slowly 
that it would seem they felt some degree of reluctance (Jam.); 
A tarrowing bairn was never fat, Ferguson Prov. (1641) No. 
4a. Sh.I. The mair he tarrows the less he gets, Spence Flk-Lore 


[35 1 


(1899) ai6 ; S. & Ork.', Cai.' Abd. But she's as weak as very 
water grown. And tarrows at the browst that she had brown, Koss 
Hdenore (1768) 65. ed. i8ia. w.Sc. Her tongue never lay frac 
mornin' till night ; aye tarrow tarrowing, Carkick Laird of Logan 
(1835) 86. Cld. I darena tarrow (Jam.). Ayr. 1 hae seen their 
coggie fou, That yet hae tarrow'd at it. Bukns Dream (1786) st. 
15. Kcb. Sic was the fate o' norland Gib, Wha tarrow'd at his 
copgy, Davidson Seasons (1789) 21. 

Hence Tarrower, sb. in phr. beggars or diggers should 
not be tarrowers, beggars should not be choosers. Sh.I. 
Sli. Neujs (Aug. 7, 1897) ; Spen'ce Flk-Lore (1895) ^'^" 
3. To be sick and weakly ; used also of ill-thriven 
springing corn. Mry. CI. Surv. (Jam.) Bnff.' 4. sb. 
A slight illness. Bnff.' 5. Phr. />)//i<? /rt;-/-otti, of grain : 
having the strength of the seed exhausted, before the 
plant has power to draw sufficient sustenance from the soil. 

'i"he corn's i' the tarrow, :b. 

TARRY, V. Yks. Lan. Der. Glo. [tari.] 1. To await, 
linger, stay. 

Lan. Children are said to ' tarry at noon ' who do not go home 
to dinner, but stay in the school-room, A'. •5'' Q. (1879) 5th S. xi. 
237. Der.2 Tarrying at home. nw.Der.' Glo.' I don't know who 
the gentleman was, but he tarried at the door some time, speaking 
to the girl. 
2. With by : to linger over. 

w.Yks. If we get [another] job this will sooin be done ; if not 
we shall tarry by it, Yks. Wkly. Post (^Sept. 19, 1896}. 

TARRY, adj. Sc. Dur. Also in forms taurrie, taury 
Sc. [taTi.] In comb, (i) Tarry-breeks, a sailor; (2) 
-fingered, dishonest, pilfering ; (3) -fingers, a dishonest 
liand ; hence a dishonest person ; (4) -handed, see (2) ; 
(5) -neives, see (3) ; (6) -towt, a single strand of rope 
steeped in tar ; (7) -trick, cheating, pilfering. 

(i; Sc. (Jam.) Bch. Tarry-breeks should ay go free, Forbes 
Dominie (1785) 43. Ayr. Young, royal Tarry Breeks, Burns 
Dream (1786) st. 13. Dmf. A tarry-breeks fighting the Spaniards 
somewhere in the Southern seas. Hamilton Mawkin (1898) 127. 
(2) Sc. 'Jam.), Cai.' Bnff. To prevent ' tarry-fingered ' customers, 
all the wobs were hooked in unison, with a chain or rope of cleeks, 
Gordon AV//; (1880) 74. e.Fif. Graspin' my solitary saxpence in 
my loof that it michtna be abstrackit by some o' the tarry-finger't 
gentry, Latto Tarn Bodkin (1864) xviii. (3) Sc. (Jam.) Ayr. 
The gipsies hae tarry fingers, and ye would need an e'e in your 
neck to watch them, Galt Sir A. IVylie (1822) 1. Lnk, Wha was't 
put a bawbee in the kirk-plate, an' lifted oot the four-penny bit, 
ch ! Answer me that, auld taurrie fingers! Murdoch Readings 
(1895) I. 25. (4) Sc. (Jam.) Rnf. Man sets the stamp [trap] ; but 
we can tell He's aften taury haun'd himsel', Picken Poems (,1813) 
!• ^5- (5) Dmf. Tweed-shaw's tarry neives are here, Ckomek 
Remains {1810) gS. (6)e.Dur.' (7) Edb. Ye'll ne'er gie o'er that 
tarry trick. Likewise that way o' cheating folk, Liddle Poems 
(1821) 108. 

TARRY, see Terrier, sb.' 

TARRYMICHIE-CLAY, s6. Bnff.' A fine kind of clay. 
Cf. tawnymichieclay. 

TARSE, see Tas(s. 

TARSET, .sA. Obs. Nhb.' In phr. Tarsel and Tarra- 
bitm,yil,yit,yit, a rallying cry; see below. 

Upwards of fifty years ago the old people used to relate how, in 
their early days, young men from the districts beyond Bellingham 
came to Stagshawbank in groups or clans for no other purpose 
than to provoke a fight, which they never failed to do. When 
the well understood battle cry of ' Tarset and Tarraburn, yet, yet, 
yet!' resounded through the fair, then dogs and human beings 
joined in a scene of wild confusion, Forster Corbridgc (1881) 45. 

TARSIE-VERSIE, TARSY, see Tersyversy, Tersy. 

TART, sb} Obs. Lan. A meat pie. 

We dined upon beef tarts, Byrom Rcmin. (1734) in Clieth. Soc. 
XXXIV. 542. 

TART, adj. and sb.'^ Van dial, uses in Sc. and Eng. 
Also in forms taat w.Yks.^ ; teart w. Yks.^ War.*' w.Wor.' 
se.Wor.' Shr.'= Hrf.'^ Pern. Glo.' Oxf ' Brks.' limp.' w.Cy. 
Wil.' Dor.'Som. ; teert s.Wor.' Glo. ; tert Brks.' Som.; 
tiert Hrf.'2 ; tort Wil. ; turt Hmp. [tart, tat ; tiat.] 
1. adj. Sour, esp. of beer or cider ; acrid ; of cheese : 

Sc. (A.W.), Cam. (E.W.P.), w.Yks.s, Not. (J.H.B.), War.', Glo.» 
Oxf.' This cheese is very teart. Huip. (H.C.M.B.) Wil.' The North 

Wilts horses, and other stranger horses, when they come to 
drinke of the water of Chalke-river, they will sniff and snort, it is 
so cold and tort, Audrey Nat. Hist. (,ed. 1847) 23-4. Dor.', Som. 
(J.S.F.S.) e.Som. W. & J. C/. (1873). 

2. Ofthe wind or weather: sharp, keen, piercing, bracing. 
War.2 w.Wor.' The wind's teart this marnin', an' no mistake ! 

se.Wor.' Shr.' It's a mighty teart day. Hrf.* Oxf. It's tart here 
(A.L.M.). Dor. Here were the downs, with their delicious tart 
air, Francis Fiander's IVidow 1901) pt. 11. viii. 

3. Painful, tender to the touch, smarting, stinging. 
War.2 A teart wound ; War.^ A cut or wound which produces 

sharp pain is said to be teart. Wor. (W.C.B. 1 w.Wor.' I run a 
pikel into my fut, 'twas mighty teart. se.Wor.', s.Wor.' Shr.' 
My 'and's despert bad ; thecr inna much to be sid, but it's that 
teart sore I canna bar a fither to touch it ; Shr.*, Hrf.'^ Glo. My 
eye is so teart Irom the lotion being put in (A.B.) ; Glo.', Brks.', 
Hmp.', w.Cy. (Hall.), Wil.' Som. Cams are very teart — when 
you go nigh the fire (W.F.R.). e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

4. Brittle. 

s.Pem. This calico is awful teart, it wonna do for the jackat 

5. Wild. 

Glo. The partridges when wild are ' teert,' Gibbs Colsuiold Vill. 
(1898) 163. 

6. Fig. Harsh, severe. 

Brks.' Dor.' A teart miaster. Som. She got a tert temper, 
Raymond Gent. Upcolt ^1893) ii. 

7. Of gossip, &c. : stinging, striking. 

Sh.I. A fleein report Tart as da mind o' mortal can create. . . 
Whin eence a start is made. Da nearer mooth meets lug, da tale's 
da tarter, Ollason Mareel (1901) 18. 

8. sb. A sharp pain. Wil. A'. &r' Q. (1881) 6th S. iv. 107. 
TARTAN, sb. Sc. Yks. [ta'tan.] 1. A coarse variety 

of woollen or worsted cloth. w.Yks. (M.F.) 2. Fig. 
The Scottish Lowland or Highland dialect ; Highland 
manners or customs. Sc. Dick Diet. (1827). 

[1. Cp. Fr. tirelaim, linsie-woolsie (Cotgr.).] 

TARTAN-FURRY, sb. Sc. Also written tart-and- 
purrie S. & Ork.' A kind of pudding or porridge ; sec 

Sc. (Jam.) Sh.I. Cabbage entered largely into the winter 
dietary, in such preparations as lang kale, short kale, and tartan- 
purry, SPENCE/"/4-Z.t»«(i899) 177 ; S.&Ork.' Porridge made with 
the water in which cabbage has been boiled. Bch. Had . . . Tartan- 
purry, meal and bree, Or butt'ry brose. Been killing up her petti- 
coats Aboon her hose, Forbes Dominie (1785) 35. Abd. A sort 
of pudding made of red colewort chipped small and mixed with 
oatmeal, Shirrefs Poems (1790) Gl. 

TARTAR, sb. w.Yks.' A covetous, grasping person. 

TARTLE, V.' and s6.' Obs. or obsol. Sc. Also in form 
tertle (Jam.). 1. v. To hesitate, esp. to hesitate in 
recognizing a person. 

Sc. A toom purse makes a tartling merchant, Ramsay Prov. 
('737)- Per., Lth. Itartledat him (Jam.). Rxb. I tartle not to say, 
Riddell Pott. IVks. (1871) II. 338. 

2. Of a horse: to shy, jib. Lth. (Jam.) 3. To recog- 
nize, take notice of. Rxb. Her never tertled me (<A.). 
4. sb. Hesitation in the recognition of a person or thing. 
Lth. (Jam.) 

TARTLE, V.' and sb.' Sc. Irel. [ta'rtl.] 1. v. To 
rend, tatter. 

Rnf. Raxin' tae a shot. Braced as ticht's a drum, Tartled a' his 
tither pair [of 'breeks'] Richt across the bum, Neilson Pof»<s 
(1877) 94. n.Ir. The goat wis a divil — repulsive to sight ; Both 
tartl'd an' shaggy, an' thin as a post. Lays and Leg. (1884) 78. 
Uls. (M.B.-SJ 

2. Fringe-like projections from an old torn gar- 
ment. Ant. Ballyniena Obs. (1892). 

TARTRE, sb. Cai.' [tartar.] A noise made by 

scrambling about. ' Fat ir ye kickan ip sicna tartrc far? ' 

TARTUFFISH, a^. Obs. Rxb. (Jam.) Sour, sullen, 

TARTY, adj.' Wor. [tati.] Tart, sour. 

s.Wor. The cider's a bit tarty an' ropy ; 't yeant bad drink else 

TARTY, flt^'.'^ Hmp. [ta-ti.] Dainty, particular as to 
food. (H.E.) 

TARVE, see Tervee. 




TARVEAL, v., sb. and adj. Obs. Sc. Also in form 
taweal (Jam.). 1. v. To fatigue; to plague, vex; ?a 
dial, form of Fr. travailler. 

Sc. SiBKALD Gl. (1802) (Jam.). n.Sc. (Jam.) Abd.Gin yeanes 
begin, ye'll tarveal's night and day, Sae 'tis vain ony mair to be 
speaking o't, Ross Helenore (ed. 1789) 134 (Jam.). 

2. sb. Fatigue. 

Sc. SiBBALD Gl. (1802) (Jam.). Abd. Shirrefs Poems 
(1790) Gl. 

3. adj. Ill-natured, fretful. 

n.Sc. (Jam.) Bch. The vile tarveal sleeth o' a coachman began 
to yark the poor beasts, Forbes Jin. (1742J 15. 

TARVIZZEEN, vbl. sb. Obs. Wxf.' Also in form 
tharvizeen. Struggling ; contending, scolding, tormenting. 
Cf. tave, 1)} 'Zitch vezzeen, tarvizzeen,' 86. 

TARVY, TARY, see Tervee, Teery. 

TARYLUG, V. Wor. To tear and pull about. 

s.Wor.Thahy two folks 'a mauled an' tarylugged an' bamboozled 
one another about oonderfu' ; a wuz despret rough. The follah 
be oncommon rough an' scutchy, a'U a to gie it a good taryluggin' 
afoer a'll be hup to much (,H.K.). 

TASCAL-MONEY, sb. Obs. Sc. The money formerly 
given in the Highlands for information regarding cattle 
which had been carried off. 

Besides tracking the cows, there was another means whereby 
to recover them ; which was, by sending persons into the country 
suspected, and by them offering a reward (which they call Tascal 
money) to any one who should discover the cattle, and those who 
stole them, Burt Lett. (1754) II. 243 (Jam.). 

[Gael, taisgeal, finding of anything (Macbain).] 

TASH, V. and s6.' Sc. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Also written 
tach(e Sc. (Jam.) ; and in form tass n.Cy. w.Yks.' [taj.] 

1. V. To soil, tarnish, stain, dirty ; to bespatter; to spoil 
slightly. Cf tashled. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; You will hear it said ' The flowers have got tashed 
wi' the rain,' but that does not mean either soiled, tarnished, or 
seriously or irrecoverably injured. This is another Scotch word 
that has no exact English equivalent. It means slightly spoiled, in 
such a way that things will come right again, Montgomerie-Fleming 
Notes on Jam. (1899); They're tash'd-like and sair torn, And 
clouted upon ilka knee, Chambers Sags. (1829') II. 336. Cai.i 
Abd. In a rubbish heap of ancient and discarded literature I came 
across a tashed Bible, Abd. IVkly. Free Press (Oct. 12, 1901). 
Ayr. Her silk gown had been turned, and looked sair tashed, 
Johnston Coi:galto>i (1896) 299. Lnk. Hasan unco' han'-me-doon 
look, an indoor face, no tashed wi' the weather, but sair blotched 
wi' the dram, Fraser IVImups (1895) xiii. Gall. Long man with 
the tashed coat, say after me! Crockett Love Idylls (1901) 35. 
n.Cy. (Hall.), w.Yks.i 

2. Fig. Obs. To slander ; to cast a stain on a person ; 
to upbraid, taunt. 

Sc, n.Sc. (Jam.) Lnk. Their frien's gat word an' gather roun' 
Determin'd sair to tease an' tash. Watt Poems (1827) loi. 

3. With about : to throw about, so as to injure. 

Abd. (Jam.) Lnk. I howked up thae stanes by the Burn, so 
they havenae been lyin' tashin' aboot, Fraser IVhaups (1895) xiii. 

4. To fatigue, weary out. 

Ayr. Sair toutit an' tasht, the body came wast, For the gaet it 
lay deep in the snaw, Ainslie Land of Burns (cd. 1892) 243. 
Rxb.To tash dogs, to weary them out in hunting (Jam.). ne.Lan.' 

5. sb. A stain, spot, drop, blemish, flaw. Sc. (Jam.) 

6. Fig. A blot, stain ; a reproach, affront; disgrace. 

Sc. Her marrying a man commonly judged her husband's mur- 
derer, would leave a tash upon her name, Scott Mclvil's Memoirs 
(1735J Introd. 23. Abd. I would sooner die forever than that the 
good name of my lord should be sullied by one tache, Cobban 
Angel (1898) 165. Rnf. This was a new tash put on the Commis- 
sioner, as was thought, Wodrow Corres. (1709-31) II. 191, ed. 

7. A dirty, fatiguing journey. w.Yks.^ 

[1, 2. Fr. taclier, tascher, to spot, blot, stain, blemish ; to 
disgrace (Cotgr.).] 

TASH, sb? Nhb.i [taj.] A shortened form of 
' moustache.' ' Him wi' the tash.' 

TASH, adj. Obs. Dur. Fretful, captious, hard to 
please ; ill-natured ; forward. (K.), (Hall.) 

TASH, TASHEL, see Tosh, sb.'^, Tassel, Tassle. 

TASHELLIE, adj. Sc. Of animals : having the hair 
or wool matted together with dirt. 

Gall. A rouch curr tyke seated ... on his ain twa tashellie 
hurdies, Mactaggart Kncycl. (1824) Introd. ix ; (J.M.) 

TASHELTON, sb. Obs. Lan. One who in walking 
covers himself with mire. Thornber Hist. Blackpool 
(1837) no. 

TASWLVXi, ppl. adj. Obs. ne.Lan.' Bespattered with 
wet. Cf tash, v. 

TASK, s6.' and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and Eng. 
[task, task.] 1. sb. A given quantity of work ; work to 
be done by the piece ; also in comp. Task-work. 

n.Cy. He sets them [coal miners] their task by the great, 
Hunter Georgical Essays (1803) II. 149. Yks. Labourers reap or 
mow by the acre, thrash by the bushel, or quarter, or do any other 
task work, ib. II. 141. ne.Lan.i, Lin.', n.Lin.' Shr. I agree with 
my workmen to thrash most of the wheat and barley by task, 
Marshall Reiiiew (1818) II. 242; Shr.^ My present job is task- 
work. Hrf. Bound Ptowhc. (1876). Oxf. (G.O.) Brks. A horse is 
kept or shood by the task, i. e. at so much a year (K.). Ken., Sus. 
HoLLowAY. Hmp. The forests, wastes, and woodlands, allure 
many to task-work in such places, cutting wood and raising fuel, 
Marshall Review (1817) V. 336. 

2. A school lesson. 

Uls. An Ulster lad, when at school, gets his 'tasks' (a more 
expressive word than lessons). A'. Whig QUay S. 1901). s.Lan.' 
n.Lin.i Have you got your tasks ready, boys? 

3. V. To do work by the piece. 

Shr.2 He's left his plack at the pits and gwon a tasking. 

Hence (i) Tasker, sb. a labourer who works by the 
piece; a thresher; a reaper; (2) Tasker'scorn, sb. a 
blow with a whip ; (3) Tasker'sleasers, sb. pi. the wives 
and children of 'taskers,' who are allowed to glean in the 
harvest-field before all comers are admitted. 

(i) Sc. We'll take auld Cuddie, the muckle tasker, wi' us; he 
kens the value o' the stock and plenishing, Scott Blk. Dwarf 
(1816) vii. Lth. A labourer who receives his wages in kind, 
according to the quantity of work he performs (Jam.). e.Lth. 
The taskers are those who are employed in threshing out the 
corn; and they receive one boll of every 25, or the twenty-fifth 
part for their labour ; and this has been their fixed and stated 
wages as far back as can be remembered, Statist. Ace. II. 353 {ib.). 
Edb. The meikle tasker, Davie Dallas, Was telling blads of 
William Wallace, Mitchell Tinklarian (ed. 1810) 3. se.Wor.' 
Shr.' ; Shr.2 My own men bin a cutting the lent tillin, and the 
taskers a-swiving the wheat. Bdf. Batchelor Anal. Eng. Lang. 
(1809) 145. Hrt. A tasker who threshes out his quota of grain, 
Ellis Mod. Hiisb. (1750) IV. iv. 125. Nrf. Grose (1790). e.Nrf. 
Marshall Rtir. Econ. (1787). Wil. In cutting the Lent corn 
few ' taskers ' are employed, the resident labourers being generally 
sufficient, Davis Agiic. (i8ii) 211 ; Wil.' (2) w.Yks.^ This is a 
phrase used by a man who drives a horse. (3) Shr.* 

TASK, s6.* Obs. Sc. The angel or spirit of any per- 
son. Cf. taisch. 

Rs. The ghosts of the dying, called tasks, are said to be heard, 
their cry being a repetition of the moans of the sick. . . The corps 
follow the tract led by the tasks to the place of interment; and 
the early or late completion of the prediction is made to depend 
on the period of the night at which the task is heard, Statist. Ace. 
III. 380 (Jam.). 

TASKED, ppl. adj. Obs. Sc. n.Cy. Also in form 
taskit Sc. (Jam.) In full work ; much fatigued with hard 
work. Sc. (Jam.), n.Cy. (Hall.) Hence Taskit-like, 
adj. having the appearance of being greatly fatigued. 

n.Sc. Right baugh, believe it as ye will, Leuks Scotland, taskit- 
like an' dull, Tarras Poems (1804) 133 (Jam.). 

TAS(S, sb. Sc. Ken. Also in form tarse Ken.' [tas, 
tas.] 1. A small heap of earth. Sc. Mackay. 2. A 

mow of corn; a heap of hay. Ken."^ Cf toss, i;.' 5. 

Hence Tasscutter, sb. an implement with which to cut 
hay in the stack, ib. 3. A large bunch ; a cluster of 
flowers. Sc. Mackay. 

[Tasse, of corne, or ojjer lyke, tassis (Prompt.).} 

TASS(E, sb. Sc. Yks. e.An. Also in forms tais, taisie 
Sc. (Jam.) ; taizie Rxb. ; tassie Sc. A cup, glass ; a 
bowl, goblet. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; And now. Laird, will ye no order me a tass o' 
brandy ? Scott Guy M. (1815) iii. Abd. A pewter tassie doth 




give wine a vile taste, Cobban Angel (1898) 169. Per. The tass 
o" pleasure at his lip, Halibuuton Dunbar (1895) 34. Ayr, Go 
fetch to me a pint o' wine An' fill it in a silver tassie. Burns My 
bonie Maty, 1. 2. Rxb. When we've thegithcr taen a taizic In 
hamely rhyme, A. Scott Poems (ed. 1808) 75. Gall. A tass of 
water— nay, no wine, Crockett Lochinvar (1897) 13. w.Yks. 
Piper Dial. Sheffield (1835) 18. e.An.' A tass of tea, a tass of 

[Fr. tasse, a bowl or cup to drink in (Cotgr.).] 

TASSEL, sb. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Lin. 
Also in forms tashel n.Lin.' ; tassal w.Yks.* ; tassil 
w.Yks.'^; tazzle n.Cy. w.Yks. ne.Lan.' [ta'sl.] 1. A 
good-for-nothing man or woman ; a' taistril' ; a drunkard ; 
a slovenly woman ; a troublesome child. 

n.Cy. Grose (I79o\ w.Yks. Huttos Tour to Caves (1781) ; 
Thah't not a drunken tassel, John, Senior Smithy Rhymes (1882) 
64; w.Yks.**, ne.Lan.' s.Lan,' Hoo's a bonny tassel, hoo is. 
Chs.*, Der.'*, Not.' n.Lin.' You mucky little tashel get awaay 
wi' ye. 

Hence Tassel-rag, si. a mild term of reproach. 

Chs.' Aw'll fettle yo, yo young tassel-rag. s.Cbs.' Kiim aayt 
£1 dhaat-, yii lit! taas'il-raag! kon^Ci bi reyt bu wot yu bin i siim 
mis'chif ! 

2. Obs. A silly fellow. n.Cy. Grose (1790). 3. A 
shapeless, ugly object ; anything of little value. 

w.Yks.* A man said of a knife, ' Oh, what a tassil ! ' Der.' In 
slight use, 1890. 

TASSEL-RAG, sb. Chs. [ta'sl-rag.] The catkins of 
the willow, Salix Cafiea. (B. & H.), Chs.' 

TASSET, sb. Der.* nw.Der.' [tasit] An ill-behaved 

TASSIE, see Tass(e. 

TASSLE, sb. Lan. Lin. Also in forms tashel n.Lin.' ; 
tassil s. Lan.' [tasl.] A dial, form of ' teasle,' Z'/^idc/fs 
Fullouiiin. e.Lan.', s. Lan.', n.Lin.' [Bailey (1721).] 

TASSLE, see Taissle. 

TASSOCK.sA. s.Chs.' [ta'sak.] A good-for-nothing 

person. ' U driingk'n taasuk Ov u fel'Ci.' 

TASSY, adj. Cum.'* [ta'si.] Nice, pleasant. 
TASSY, see Tazzy. 

TASTE, V. and sb. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Der. 
Brks. s.Cy. Also written taest Sh.L ; and in forms 
taayste Brks.' ; teaste Cum. [test, teast, tiast.] 1. v. 
In phr. to taste of the water, of beer: to be very poor. 
Brks.' (s.v. Rattletapj. 2. To partake of refreshment ; 
to take a little drink ; to join in drinking ; geii. used of 
alcoholic drink. 

e.Sc. Weelyum, will ye taste ? Strain Elnislie's Dmg-tiet (1900 
20. Per, A whecn bannocks . . . an' aiblins just a drappie o' 
something to wash a' down. Will ye taste, hinnie ? Cleland 
Inchbrackeii (18831 58, cd. 1887. Ayr. He continued to haver with 
him, till the ale was ready, when he pressed my grandfather to 
taste, Galt Gilliaize (1823) v. Lnk. Tasting an' tipplin' till rag tag 
the waur o't, Murdoch Doric Lyre (1873) 92. Dmf. An awfu' 
heidache that forbad him ' tastin',' Paton Castkbraes (1898) 20. 

Hence Tasting, sb. a small quantity of anything, a 
mouthful, a sip, esp. used of food or drink. 

Sh.I. A taestin' o' fresh sillocks wid be a rarity. Sh. News (Oct. 
3, 1897). Frf. Capital stuff; ye can tak a tastin', Mackenzie TV. 
/'i«c(i897) 316. Slk. At the fairs ... all contracts, settlements, 
and old friendships had to be sealed with a tastin'; and . . . these 
frequent tastings had a tendency ' to rin to the heid,' Thomson 
Drummeldale (1901) 70. 

3. To give appetite to ; to please the palate ; to appease 
the appetite ; got. in phr. to taste the gab or })iou'. 

Abd. Some stuffs, they said, would taste your gab, Anderson 
Rhymes (ed. 1867) 74. Frf. Our bonny [Easter] eggs, o' ilka hue 
... To charm the e'e an' taste the mou', Smart Rhymes (1834) 
89. Lth. Bairns may pu', when yap or drouthy, A neep or bean, 
to taste their mouthy, Ballantine Poems (1836) 188. Edb. Good 
fat geese and turkies dainty To taste our gabs, Macneill Bygone 
Times (1811) 7. 

4. Fig. To appreciate ; to relish mentally. 

Per. As Lachlan's first effort it was much tasted, Ian Maclaren 
Brier Bush (1895) 166. 

5. Obs. To smell. 

N.Cy.*, Der.' s.Cy. It is not uncommon to hear a man desire 
another to let him taste his snuff, Grose (1790). 

0. sb. A small dainty or delicacy eaten as a relish to 
plainer food. 

w.Yks. (J. W.) s.Lan.' Aw'vc gettcn a black-puddin' for thee 

for a taste to thi baggin". 

Hence Tastely, adj. savoury, appetizing. 

Cum. A cut o' dry't salmon's a teastcly thing When flesh meal 
c.innot be hed, Dickinson Cunibr. ved. 1876 254. 

7. Of drink : a very small quantity ; a sip ; gen. used of 
alcoholic drink. 

Abd. Tho' whiles we're happy owre a ' taste,' We're better far 
without it, Ogg lyUlie IValy (1873') 136. w.Sc. It's no lucky, ye 
ken, no to hae a taste ower a bargain, or what may be ane, Mac- 
donald Settlement {i86g) 221, cd, 1877. Ayr. Gi'e us a refresh- 
ment on the road gaun, and maybe a taste on the road hame, 
Hunter Studies (1870) 143. Ir. A small taste of the rale good 
stuff. Bodkin Shillelagh (19021 21. n.Ir. Wall ye tak a taste o" 
sumthin' ? Lyttle Paddy McQuillan, 37. Nhb. I'm tae hae a wee 
taste o' the whisky as weel, Jones A7i4. (1871) an. w.Yks. 

8. The least portion of anything; a soup9on ; a jot. 
e.Sc. I gied a wee taste o' polish to their hooves. Strain 

Elmslic's Drag-net (1900) 17. Gall. One speaks of giving axles, 
&c, a ' taste of oil ' to make them work easily (A.W.). Ir. 
' Wasn't there any life in him when he was found ? ' ' Not a taste,' 
Lover Handy Andy (1842) vi ; I told you the njan was not dead — 
not a taste of it, Barrington Sketches (1827-32) III. vii. N.I.' A 
taste o' matches. Con. I found me mother a taste better, Bodkin 
Shillelagh (1902I 90. 

TASTEFUL, adj. Nhb. Having many diflferent tastes 
or hobbies. 

Grandfeythor was. . . a fine spender butan illsaver : . .he was a 
tarrible tasteful man — lasses, greyhounds, an' horses, racin", 
drinkin', cockin', an' card-plajin" were aal hobbies ov his at one 
time or another. Pease Tales (1899) 8. 

TASTER, sb. Obs. Sc. A dram ; a sip of spirits. 

Slg. I kik'd a saxpence frae my master, Then hous'd to get a 
morning taster, Galloway Poems (1788; 31, ed. 1792. 

[Cp. tastour, a lytell cuppe to tast wine, Palsgr. (1530).] 

TASTRIL, sb. Lan.' [te-strU.] A small keg or 

TASTY, adj. and adv. In gen. dial, use in Sc. Ircl. 
Eng. and Anier. Also written "taesty Sc. ; and in form 
teeasty n.Yks.* e.Yks.' [te-sti, tea'sti, tiasti.j 1. adj. 
Savoury, appetizing, palatable. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; This ewe-milk cheese is very tasty, Ferrier Destiny 
(1831) I. xviii. Sh.I. Soor fish is mony a time a mair taesty 
morsel, as dow'd fish is, Sh. News (M.iy 28, 1898). Frf. It's gey 
teucli, teuch, but it's very tasty, LowsoN Guidfollow (1890) 248. 
Ayr. It was just this bit end o' a ham. I thocht maybe it would 
be tasty for her, Johnston Gtenbuckie (1889) 224. Dmf. A tooth- 
some, tempting, tasty haggis, Paton Castlebraes (1898) 73. Ir. 
It's uncommon tasty. You might be nearly smellin' them bakin'. 
Barlow East unto IVest (1898) 266; I think they're tastier when 
their [i/c] stinkin', savin' j'our presence. Bodkin Shillelagh 
(1902) 134. n.Yks.*, e.Yks.', w.Yks.* Lan. They're a deal 
tastier. Boiled and steamed, yo' known, Longman's Mag. (Nov. 
'895) 71. Not.', Lei.' Nhp.' Plain food is best for her, but she 
likes something a little tasty. War.3, Hnt. (T.P.F.) Ess. Some 
people do s.iy it's more tasty, Burmester /o/oi Z.o// (1901') 256. 
Ken. I've got tastier ones in the 'Arrow Road many's the time oflf 
a barier, Conih. Mag. ^Jan. 1894) 66. Dor. A drap or twothease 
marnen would be tasty, Agnus Jan O.xber (1900) 318. Dev. 
' Wor the tea to your liking?' ' 'Twas tasty tea,' Zack On Trial 
(1899) 165. Cor. Brave and tasty these onions are, Lee IVidow 
IVoman U8991 54. [Amer. They'd make your mouth water, they 
sounded so good and tasty, Slosson Fo.vgtove (1898) 13.] 

Hence Tastiness, sb. savour, flavour. 

Nrf. The bully be a useful sorter plum, but he ain't to com- 
parison in tastiness to th' gage, Mann Dulditch (1902) 39. 
2. Neat, natty; with dainty habits; attractive; agreeable. 

Ayr. Chambers tells us that Willie Wastle's wife, wha was 
a dirty drab, less tasty than the cat, wha washed her face wi' 
her loof, Hunter Studies (1870) 28. Gall. The heartsomest, 
bonniest, most tasty bit lassie in a' the countrj'side, Crockett Kit 
Kennedy {i&^^ V. Kcb. Rob would be preferring some tasty 
black or brown hizzie from the Cannibal Islands to the shilpit 
peaky white lassies hereaway, Muir Muncraig (igoo) 245. N.I.' 
Oh, he's a very tasty man. n.Cy., w.Yks. J.W.) I.Ma, Any- 
thing nice is said to be tasty (S.M. j The tastiest woman there, 
Brown IVilch (1889) 7a. 




3. adv. Tastefully, prettily. 

n.Dev. Your hair do grow mortal tasty on your head, mother, 
Zack Duns/able Weir (igoi) 93. 

TAT, sb} ne.Lan.' e.An.' Suf.' [tat, tat.] A child's 
word for ' father,' ' dad.' Cf. tatsy. 

TAT, sb.^ Glo.' [taet.] A year-old sheep. 

TAT, sb.^ Nhp.'' [tat.] A child's game on a slate, 
the same as ' kit-cat-cannis ' (q.v., s.v. Kit, sb?). 

TAT, si." and v} Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Also in form 
tot Ant. [tat.] 1. sb. A tuft of hair, wool, «S:c. ; a 
matted mass ; a small quantity. Cf. tait, sb.^, taut, v.'^ 

Sc. (Jam. Siipt'l.) Nhb.' In tats. Cum." A lock of matted wool 
clipped off the hinder parts of sheep. 

Heince (i) Tatty, adj. tangled, matted, rough, unkempt, 
shaggy, ragged; (2) Tatty- Jack, sb. a sheep with a ragged 
and tattered fleece. 

(i) Sc. A tatty dog (Jam.) ; Wha wad hae thought there had 
been as muckle sense in his tatty-pow? Scott Rob Roy {iSi-j) 
xxxiv. s.Sc. An' John the Baptist wad be a youngish man wi' 
lang tatty black hair, Cunni.ngham Brootnicbiiyn (1894) xiv. N.I.', 
N.Cy.i Nhb.i What a tatty heed Nanny hes. Cum. Her thick 
tatty hair is aw leyke a ling besom, Rayson Poems (1839) 43 ; 
Cum.i" (2) Nhb.> 

2. V. To mat ; to entangle ; to run into tufts, as hair, 
wool, c^c. Sc. (Jam. SiippL), Ant. (S.A.B.), N.Cy.», Nhb.', 

TAT, ii.5 and v.^ Yks. Der. Lon. [tat, taet] 1. sb. 
A rag. 

Lon. Now I'll tell you about the tat gatherers, Mayhew Loii<i. 
Labour {18^1) I. 424. 

2. pi. Odds and ends ; small victuals. Der.°, nw.Der.' 

3. V. To gather rags. 

Lon. He goes tatting and billy-hunting in the country (gathering 
rags and buying old metal), Mayhew Z-oj/rf. Laiour (1851) I. 417. 

Hence Tatter, sb. a collector of rags, bones, &c. w.Yks. 
Leeds Merc. Siippl. (Nov. 26, 1898). 

TAT, sb.'^ and v.^ Hmp. [taet.] 1. sb. A very slight 
tap or blow. Holloway ; Hmp." 2. v. To touch 

gently. Holloway. 

TAT, dent. adj. and pron. Obs. or obsol. Cum. Wm. 
Lan. Also in form tad e.Lan.' A dial, form of ' that.' 

Cum.' A fell-dale word exclusively and nearly obsolete, i860. *Is 
tat tee, Bobby?' Cum." Whaa's tat? Dickinson Cumbr. (ed. 
1876) 165. s.Wm. Father, what's tat? Hutton Dial. Storlli and 
Aritsieie (1760) 1. 46. Lan. Tat tung o thoine, Scholes Tun 
Gamwaltle (1857) 23. e.Lan.', s.Lan.' 

TATA, sb. and int. Obs. Dev. 1. sb. Excrement ; 
filth. Horae Siibsccivac (1777) 427. 2. i}it. An exclama- 
tion used to frighten children when naughty, ib. 

TATCH, i;.i m.Yks.' [tatj.] To ' tat.' 

TATCH, t;.= Yks. [tatJ.] To set grass, &c. on fire; to 
burn the undergrowth. w.'Vks. Hlf.v. CoKr/Vr (July 3, 1897). 

TATCH, sb. Glo.' Also written tach. [tsetj.] An 
unpleasant flavour. Cf. tack, sb.^ 

TATCHY, adj. Yks. Lin. Nhp. War. Bdf Hnt. w.Cy. 
Dev. Cor. Also written tachy Dev. [ta'tji, tse'tji.] 
Touchy, irritable, peevish, fretful, cross. See "Tetchy. 

ne.Vks.', n.Lin.', Nhp.', War. (J.R.W.), Bdf. (J.W.B.), Hnt. 
(T.P.F.) w.Cy. Grose (1790). Dev. 'Er's bad tempered, an' no 
mistake; I niver zeed zich a tatchy, ill-contrived little twoad in 
awl my life, Hewett Peas. Sp. (1892). n.Dev. Ya purting tatchy 
. . . theng, E.xm. Scold. (1746) 1. 21. Cor. I don't like to be tatchy, 
Thomas Randigal Rhymes (1895) 27. 

TATE, TATEE, see Tait, s6.', v.'^, Tatie. 

TATH(E, sb. and v. Sc. Nhb. Lakel. Cum. Yks. e.An. 
Also written taith Sc. (Jam.) Nrf ; taythe e.An.'; and in 
forms teath(e e.Yks. e.An.'= Nrf.> ; toath Bnff. (Jam.); 
toth(e Sc. [taf>, tefi ; tif).] 1. sb. The dung of sheep 

and cattle, csp. when pastured on a field in order to 
manure it. Cf. tad, sb.'^ 

Sc, Bnff. (Jam.) n.Cy., e.Cy. Morton Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 
e An.i2, Nrf. (E.M.), Nrf.' e.Nrf. Marshall Rur. Econ. (1787) I. 
34. Suf. Rainbird Agric. (1819') 301, ed. 1849. 

Hence Toth-fold, sb. an enclosure made for sheep or 
cattle on a place requiring their manure. Sc. (Jam.) 
Bnff., Abd. Morton Cydo. Agric. (1863). 2. Obs. An 
ancient manorial right ; see below. 

Nrf., Suf. The lords of the manor claimed the privilege of having 
their tenants' sheep brought at night upon their own demesne 
lands, there to be folded for the improvement of the soil ; and this 
liberty was called Tath, Streatfeild Lin. and Danes (1884) 149. 

3. A tuft of coarse, luxuriant grass growing up where 
manure has been dropped ; springy grass land. 

Sc. All grasses, which are remarkably rank and luxuriant, are 
called tath, by the stock farmers, who distinguish two kinds of it; 
water tath, proceeding from excess of moisture, and nolt tath, 
the produce of dung. Essays Higlil. Soc. III. 468 (Jam.). N.Cy.' 
Nhb.' Tath, rich soft grass without seed stalks (J.H.). Lakel. 2, 
Cum.2 e.Cy. Morton Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 

Hence (i) Tath-grass, sb., (2) Tath-heaps, sb. pi. tufts 
of coarse grass growing where cattle have dropped dung ; 
(3) Tathy, adj. of grass: rich, rank, lacking firmness ; (4) 
Tathy-grass, sb. soft grass growing under trees ; coarse 

(i) N.Cy.i (2) Cum.'« (3) LakeL^, Cum.2 (4) n.Cy. (Hall.), 

4. V. To dung ; to manure land by pasturing sheep and 
cattle upon it. 

Sc. Applied to black cattle only (Jam.) ; The dung of horses is 
not proper for sandy grounds, being too hot, as may be observed 
from the grounds they tathe upon in summer ; where in place of 
throwing up a fresh tender grass, as it does on clay grounds, it 
commonly burns up all under and about it. Maxwell Sel. Trans. 
(1743) 123 {ib.). Bnff., Abd. Morton Cyclo. Agric. (1863). Gall. 
Sheep-tathing [is] confining sheep on a piece of land until they 
tathe or manure it, Mactaggart Encycl. (1834). Nhb.' e.Yks. 
Marshall Rnr. Econ. (1796) II. 128. e.An.' ; e.An.^ It moreover 
includes the idea of 'trampling in.' Nrf. Mr. Coke, of Holkham, 
folds no sheep, and finds no want of it ; keeps a greater stock 
than he could do with it, and finds his lays equally tathed. Young 
Annals Agric. (1784-1815) XXXVII. 437; Tathing consists in 
carting turnips on to wheat in February and March ; they call it 
pull and throw on wheat, eating them on that crop by sheep and 
bullocks, Marshall 7?cwW(; (181 1) III. 381. Suf. Rainbird ^^w. 
(1819) 301, ed. 1849. 

Hence Tothed-fold, sb. a ' toth-fold ' (q.v.). Mry., Bnff. 

[1. ON. tad, manure, dung (Vigfusson). 4. ON. teSja, 
to manure [ib.) ; Ta))in, slercoro (Prompt.).] 

TATHE, V. nw.Dev.' [tetS, teatS.] To gather corn 
into bundles, to be afterwards bound into sheaves. Cf. 
tething. Hence (i) Tather, sb. a woman or boy who 
follows the mowers, and forms the bundles from the 
swaths ; (2) Tathing-crook, sb. an implement used in 
' tathing,' shaped like a sickle, but blunt ; (3) Tathing- 
rake, sb. an implement used in ' tathing,' about a foot 
wide and having four long teeth. 

TATHER, sb. and i;.' Irel. Chs. Shr. [ta-S3(r.] 

1. sb. A tangle ; a complicated state of things. Cf. 
tether, sb.^, tother, sb. 2. 

Shr.' Yo'n got this skein o' thrid i' sich a tather, it'll a to be cut. 

Hence (i) Tatherum-a-dyal, sb. complicated or unin- 
telligible language ; (2) Tathery, adj. unkempt. 

(i) s.Chs.' A man told me he liked to listen to a certain preacher, 
because he had ' none o' this dicsonary tatherum-a-dyal.' (2) Ant. 
Your tathery pow — your uncombed hair, Ballymena Obs. (1892). 

2. Frog's spawn. Shr.' 3. v. To entangle ; to twist ; 
to knot ; to involve ; also used/ig. 

ib. ' The wlnde's wassled an' lathered the corn till it'll be 
impossible to rape it, an* I canna bar mowin' w'eat— it looks so 
slovenly.' Used chiefly in the preterite or participial form, as of 
persons or things. ' I tell yo' whad, Jim, if yo' gotten blended up 
an' lathered among that lot, I've done 06th yo'.' 

TATHER, v.^ Shr. [ta-tS3(r).] To lay out work. 
BovKD Provinc.(i8-]6); Shr.'' Hence Tathering-chain, 56. 
a chain by which work is laid out and planned. Shr.'* 

TATHER, see Tether, sA.' 

TATHERY-OUTERY, adj. Obs. Glo.' Tawdry, 

TATIE. sb. and v. In gen. dial, and colloq. use in Sc. 
Irel. and Eng. Also written tatey Dun n.Yks.'' Dev.; 
taty n.Cy. Nhb. e.Dur.' Cum.'* 'Wm. Yks. Lan. w.Som.' 
nw.Dev.' Cor. ; and in forms taatie S. & Ork.' n.Lin.' ; 
taaty Som. Cor.3 ; tatee N.Cy.' Nhb.; tater Lan. Chs.' 
Not. Lin.' War.i'S'' se.'Wor.' Hrf ' Oxf Nrf Wil.' Som. 




Dev. ; tatoe Sc. w.Yks.' Lan.' s.Lan.' s.Chs.' nw.Der.' 
svv.Lin.'; tattie Sc. Ir. Dev.; tatty Chs.^ ; tatur Shr.» 
Ken. ; tautie, tauty, tawtie, tawty Sc. ; tayter Brks.' ; 
teaty, teddy Som. ; tatty Nhb.' Dev.* Cor.'*; tittor 
Shr.' [teti, tea-ti : te t3, teata.] 1. .^6. In comb, (i) 

Taties-and-dab, potatoes boiled in their skins and eaten 
with salt; (2) Tatiei sand-point, a dish of potatoes with 
a small piece of fish or meat merely to be pointed at; 
see below ; (3) Taties-and-touch, a dish of potatoes and 
milk; see below; (4) Tatie-apple, (5) -ball, the round 
seed-bulb of the potato ; (6) -basket, a basket for carry- 
ing potatoes; (7) -beetle, a potato-masher; (8) -bing, 
a heap of potatoes ; (9) -blots, water in which potatoes 
have been boiled; (10) -boggle, (11) -bogie, (12) -boodie, 
a scarecrow in a potato-field; also used y?^^'. ; (13) -brco, 
(14) -broth, potato-soup; (15) -bury, a heap of potatoes 
partially buried and entirely covered with earth, for pro- 
tection from the frost ; (16) -cake, a cake made of mashed 
potatoes and flour; (17) -champer, (18) -chapper or 
■chopper, see (7) ; (19) -crab, the fruit of a potato ; a 
potato-top; (20) -creel, see (6); (21) -denimuck, the 
potato-disease or epidemic ; (22) -dibble, a potato-dibble ; 
(23) -digger, a kind of double mattock ; (24) -doolie, see 
(10); (251 -drill, a potato-drill or furrow; (261 -field, (27) 
-garth, a potato-field or plot ; (281 -getten, potato-gather- 
ing; (29)-grab, a manner of grabbing and eating potatoes ; 
see below ; (30) graip, a fork with flat prongs, used for 
digging potatoes; (31) -grave, see (15) ; (32) -ground, see 
(26); (33) -grubber, an implement for digging up potatoes; 
(34) -gun, a pop-gun made of a goose-quill ; (35) -hands, 
women and children employed in planting, picking, and 
sorting potatoes ; (36) -happing, straw used for covering 
potatoes ; (37) -harrows, a small convex pair of harrows 
to harrow potato-rows ; (38) -hash, (/i) see (13) ; (b) meat 
and potatoes boiled together ; (39) -haum or -om, a 
potato-haulm ; (40) -heel, a hole in the heel of a stocking; 
(41) -bobbin, see (16) ; (42) -hock, see (15) ; (43)-hoggan, 
a potato pasty ; (44) -hon, a nook in a barn where 
potatoes are piled ; (45) -house, a house or room in Which 
potatoes are kept; (46) -howker, a potato-digger; (47) 
-ingin, the potato-onion, which is propagated trom the 
bulb and not from seed; (48) -kail, see (13); (49) -kro, 
a boarded corner in a house for preserving potatoes from 
frost; (50) -laek, having the look of a potato-field ; (51) 
-lifting, the potato-harvest ; (52) -lot, a thousand yards of 
potato-drill allotted to a hind as one of his wage pay- 
ments ; (53) -market, a market for the sale of potatoes ; 
(54) -mowd or -miild, see (26) ; (55) -pairer, a peeler of 
potatoes ; (56) -pasty, see below ; (57) -patch, see (26) ; 
(58) -peck, a peck measure for potatoes ; (59) -peels or 
-pillins, potato peelings; (60) -pickers, see (35); (61) 
-pie, (a) see (38, b) ; (b) see (8) ; (62) -pie-beawt-lid, see 
(38, b) ; (63) -pie-talk, conversation between women 
sorting potatoes round a 'pie'; any loose or foolish 
gossip ; (64) -pikers, gatherers of potatoes after they 
are turned up on the ground ; (65) -pin, an instrument lor 
making holes in the ground in which to plant potatoes; 
(66) -pit, see (8) ; (67) -poke, a sack for holding potatoes ; 
(68) -pot, (a) a pot for holding potatoes ; (b) a dish ; see 
below ; (69) -pourings, see (9) ; (70) -pudding, see below ; 
(71) -rattle, Cornish stew; (72) -rig, see (25) ; (73) -rines, 
see (59) ; (74) -rowzer, ? an instrument for raising 
potatoes, a two-pronged mattock ; (75) -sack, see (67) ; 
(76) -scoose or-scowse, a dish very similar to' taty-hash'; 
(77) -settin, potato planting ; (78) -shaw, see (39) ; (79) 
•sick, of land : exhausted as regards potato-sowing ; (80) 
•skep, see (6) ; (81) -skin, a potato-skin; (82) -soup, see 
(13) ; (83) -store, see (45) ; (84) -time, see (51) ; (85) -top, 
see (39) ; also used as a term of contempt; (86) -trap, the 
mouth ; the stomach ; (87) -traw, a potato trough ; (88) 
-tump, see (15) ; (89) -walin(g, sorting out potatoes; (90) 
-women, women who work as ' taatie-hands ' (q.v.) ; (91) 
-wushins, water in which potatoes have been washed ; 
(92) -zull, a kind of plough ; see below. 

(i) Sc. When the potatoes are laid on the tabic each person 

takes a quantity of salt, and lays it in a small heap before him. 
Each potato, when peeled, he dabs into this heap. . . When the 
potatoes are eaten from the pot, . . it is set on the floor, and the 
party sit round it. Salt is placed on a stool within easy reach of 
all, and each one helps himself from the supply by dabbing his 
potato on it (Jam. Siip/'l.). Ayr. A guid meal o' tatties an' dab, 
AiTKEN Lays (1883) 45. Nhb.' (2) Sc. Sarcastically said to be 
common in Ireland. For this repast a plentiful supply of potatoes 
is said to be provided, with a small bit of meat or fish which is 
merely to be looked at. For the improvement of the potatoes, 
however, each one before it is eaten is pointed at the luxury (Jam. 
Siif-/)!.). N Cy.', Lakel.2 Cum.' People too poor or niggardly to 
buy llesli meat have been said to provide a very small piece of 
butter, or bacon fat, to be placed on the centre of the dinner-table ; 
and, having loaded their spoons with mashed potatoes, the diners 
were allowed to point towards but not to touch the morsel — hence 
the name. Sometimes the piece of bacon was hung up to the 
ceiling; Cum.^ w.Som.' It is very common to hear old people, 
when expatiating upon the hardships of their youth as compared 
with the luxury enjoyed by the young of the present day, say, 
' Mate, sure 'nough ! we never had'n a-got none, 'twas always 
taties and zalt, or taties and point, when father'd a-made shift vor 
to git hold o' a bit o' bacon like for his Zunday's dinner.' (3) 
Shr.' A dish is lined with mashed potatoes, a well being left in the 
centre, which is filled with hot milk having a lump of butter in it ; 
into this each helping of potatoes is slightly dipped. A story is 
told of a farmer's wife that, as she placed before 'the men' a 
supper of potatoes and milk prepared in the manner here described, 
she said — fearing they would help themselves too lavishly to the 
buttered milk — ' Now, chaps, yo' maunna tak' it all at wunst, j-o' 
maun touch it, an' touch it :' whence arose the term — ' Tittoesan' 
touch!' (4) Nhb.i e.Yks.' il/S.nrfrf. (T.H.) War.* (5) War.«, 
se.Wor.i (6) Dmf. Everybody in Castlebraes wanted Tattie 
Baskets, Paton Casllcbmes (1898) 20. (7) Ayr. She's a boul- 
horned guidwife wi' a custroune carl o' a man who kaimbs her 
heid wi' the tattie-beetle, .Service A'o/(7ik/i(h/5 (1890)113. Lnk. 
Armed with a sentiment of just wrath, a tattie-beetle in her right- 
hand, Murdoch Readings (1895I I. 65. (8) Lth. On a tattie bing 
she last did fail To wake one inch more, Lumsden Shtephead 
(1892) 124. (9) Sh.I. Shu emptied da mylk i' da tub wi da tattie 
blots, Slu News (Nov. 13, 1897). (10) Sc. Jam. ; Woman, . . do 
jou mean to set up for a tattie-bogle or — a Queen of Sheba ? 
Keith Bonnie Lady (1897) 126. Fif. Standin' up yonder like 
tautie-bogles afore the hale kirk, Robertson Pz-OfOi/ (1894) 64. 
Lnk. Borrow an old lum hat from the nearest ' tatiebogle,' Fraser 
IVhaiips (1895) iv. N.Cy.', Nhb.', n.Yks.^ (11) So. (A.W.) 
(12) Sc. A potato field in which the proprietor had put what is 
known as a ' tattie-boody' for the purpose of protecting his crop 
from the ravages made by the crows, Jokes, ist S. (1889) 7. (13) 
Lth. She's great at kial and tatty-broo. Or genty things, like pan- 
cakes good, Lumsden Sheep-head (1892) 151. (14) Sh.I. If j-e're 
ta hae tattie broth fir da supper his [it's] time ye wir tinkin' aboot 
hit, Sh. News (Jan. 26, 1901). (15) se.Wor.' : 16) n.Cy. |,B.K.\ 
Cum.'", Wm. (B.K.'), w.Yks. (J.W.) Chs.^ Tak that tatty cake 
cut o' th' oon (s.v. Oon). Cor. Fat pork an' tatie-cake, Lee Paul 
C(ira/i (1898) 260. (17" Nhb.' (18) Abd. Tip-top timmertooters, 
an' trim tawty-chappers, Ogg Willie IVaty (1873I 60. Cum.*, 
■Wm. (B.K.) (19) Cum.", Wm. (B.K.) w.Yks. Thar, we lang 
switchers, we slang 'taty crabs, Blackah Poems (1867) 38. (20) 
Kcd. Skeps o' bees, an' sowen sieves. An' skulls, an' tatie creels, 
Grant Lays (1884) 3. s.Sc. I'll rin up for a tauty-creel to baud 
them in, Wilson Tales (1839) V. 338. (21) n.Lin.' What queer 
naames them Lunnun chaps does give to the'r newspaapers noo- 
a-daays ! why, I lay thaay'vc called that paaper th' parson's talkin' 
on th' Spcckl laater all up' accoont o' us hevin' th' taatie-demmuck. 

(22) Som. You would have thought it was a ' teddy dibble' running 
between your ribs, Raymond Love and Quiet Life (1894) 205. 

(23) w.Som.' (24) Frf. His outward man so stiff and grave, His 
arms like tatie-doolies brave, Sands Po^»is (1833) 49 ; ' Oh, the 
tattie-doolie ! ' cried Gavinia, Barrie Tommy (1896) xxx. (35) 
n.Sc. ' Gie me a tatie drill, this year,' said Meg, Gordon Carglen 
(1891) 195. Per. Broad rigs o' corn an' tatie dreels The braes 
bestride, Stewart Character {l&^^) 120. (a6) Frf. The Retery's 
in flood ; T'now-dunnie's tattie field's out o' sicht, Barrie 
Minister (1891) xxxv. Dmf. For 'tatie fields the craws are bent 
aye. An out them pick, Hawkins Poems (1841) V. 42. Don. His 
mother toul' him to go out an' start in on the tattie fiel', for it was 
full time they'd be gettin' them dug in, Macmanus Bend of Road 
(1898)44. ia7) Nhb.' (s.v. Garlhj. Dur. Houts man ! thou nivver 
dus nowt bit howk about i't tatey-garth (W.H.H.). e.Dur.', 
n.Yks." (28) w.Cy. Joan and me was worken tatie-getten, 




Conili. Mag. (Apr. 1895) 394. (29) Sc. In former days— thirty 
years ago — potatoes were boiled and poured, and the pot was 
placed within the circle of feasters ; the salt was placed within 
reach, and every man, woman, and cliild seized a tatie, devoured it, 
and seized another (G.W.). Per. The last time that we had a 
spree He shared the tatie grab wi' me, Spence Poems (18981 167. 
(30) Lnk. Tatoe grapes an' sickles Gae tapsalteerie in the flicht, 
Watson Poems (1853^ 41. Nhb.^ (31) n.Lin.' Perhaps more 
correctly the surrounding hollow from which the covering earth 
has been taken. The word is rare. (32) Sh.I. Pieces of tattie 
grund here an' there through the parish . . . she generally 
obtained for ' dellin' a day in voar,' Stewart 7>?/fs (1892) 78. 
Per. Like . . . corbie craws on tawtie grun', Ford Harp (1893) 
156. Som. I vound . . . thic zixpuns, deggin in my teaty ground, 
Agrikler Rhymes (1872) 51. Cor. I got sum tetty ground, 
Daniel Budget, 22. (33' Frf. Tearin' up the grund as if it was 
a kind o' improved tattie-grubber, Willock Rosctty Ends (1886) 
14, ed. 1889. (34) Cum.' The quill punches the bullets out 
of a slice of potato ; Cum.", Wm. (B.K.), n.Yks. (I.W.) (35) 
n.Lin. ^ (36) When potatoes are picked they are first gathered 
into small heaps on the land and ' happed down ' with straw. 
When all the potatoes in a close are picked they are then made 
into a large heap or ' pie.' This ' pie ' is first ' batted ' down with 
a thick coat of straw and then after a time covered with earth ; if 
the earth is put on too soon it causes the potatoes to rot,/i. (37) 
n.Yks. Harrow t'taties down wi t'tatj'-harrows ;I.W.). (38, n) 
Cum.' ; Cum." Made with potatoes whole or cut into slices, cut-up 
onions and dripping; sometimes there is no meat. Wm. (B.K.) 
n.Lan, She wod ha' warm't me sum taty hash, R. Piketah Fatness 
Flk. (1870I 14. (A) Lan.' What, han we 'tatoe-liash again to-day? 
Let's have a bit of a change to-morrow ! s.Lan.* (39) n.Lin. As 
well as taatie-haums. Peacock Tales and Rhymes (1886) 69. 
Wor. (H.X.) (40) Cor.3 (4i)Cor.2 (42)S.&Ork.l (43) Cor.^ 
(44) n.Yks.2 (_s.v. Hon). (45) Dev. Hewett Peas. Sp. (1892) (s.v. 
Ouze> (46) Ayr. There was a wheen tattie howkers in a field, 
.Service Nolandums (1890) 43. Lth. As wrinkled and stany as 
an auld tattie-howkcr's face, Strathesk More Bits (ed. 1885) 256. 
(47'inw.Dev.i (48)Nhb. (R.O.H.) (49) S. & Ork.i (50) Sh.L I 
sew a tattie rig wi' bere-sced, an' sic a job as dey hed whin da 
scruffin-time came afore dey got da here a' pooed out an' da rig 
made tattie-laek agen, Stewart Tales (1892) 246. (51) e.Lth. We 
started to thepleuchin an the tattie-Uftin, Hunter ./. Inwick (1895) 
13. (52) Nhb.i ! 53) Nlib. The tatee-market iva tift, Ti the Parade 
Ground sent it, Oliver Sngs. (1824) 16. (54) Sh.I. I gae him his 
lent apo' da tattie miild, an' I tink da maist o' da tar is owre his 
ain breeks, Sh. News (Dec. 17, 1898). w.Yks. Thou went away 
r taty mowd to scrat, Twisleton Poems (c. 1876) H. 3. (55) 
Sh.I. Diel better tattie-pairer is been i' wir place foar Laeder 
Breeks deed, Sh. News (Oct. 8, 1898). (56) Cor. Their favourite 
dish being a standing pie made chiefly of potatoes, and which they 
call 'Taty pasties,' Tregellas Fa>-)Hf»- ^Broa'tt (1857) 42. (57) 
Don. He was workin' in a tatliepatch, Cent. Mag. (Feb. 1900)602. 
Cor. He'd fenced a small 'taty-patch that winter, ' Q.' IVandeiing 
Heath (1895) 8. (58) Lth. A forpit-dish, a tatie-peck, A firlot, 
Thomson Poems (1819) 113. (59) Dmf. I snouk aboot For 'tatty 
peels and banes o' herrin', fouk fling oot, Quinn Heather 
(1863) 76. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.\ War. (J.R.W.) (60) n.Lin.' 
(61, a) w.Yks.' n.Lan. Wilson Bacca Queen (1901) 77. s.Lan.' 
sw.Lin.' He had nowt but an old sad 'tatoe pie. (4) n.Cy. Stored 
against the wall of a barn or other building and covered with 
a sloping roof of sods, straw, &c. (B.K.) w.Yks. (J.W.) (62) 
s.Lan.i (s.v. Lobs-ceawse). 1 63) n.Lin. • You may tell 'em I'm not 
a gooin' to hev' taatie-pie-talk like that whcare I'm, maister ; its 
real howerly, tliaay mud be shaam'd o' the'r sens. (64) n.Yks.^ 
(65) Wor. A wooden pin, iron shod, with a cross-piece at the 
top, and a foot rest on one side, held in the hand and worked 
by the foot, for pin-setting potatoes. The length varies. A short 
one of two feet is worked under-hand : a longer one of 3 ft. 6 in. or 
4 ft. is worked from above (H.K.). se.Wor.i (66 Sc. (A.W.) Nhb.' 
Carefully thatched with strawor dried fern, and covered with soil to 
exclude frost. (67)80. (A.W.), n.Yks.2 (68. «)Lnk. Then came 
three lusty fiends that swate. Bearing a monster tattie pat, Deil s 
Hallowe'en (1856) 44. (6) Cum." Consisting of beef or mutton, cut 
into pieces, and put into a large dish along with potatoes, onions, 
pepper, salt, &c., and then baked in the oven. ' But something did 

come out, and that a most delicious smell of " Begok, it's tatie 

pot ! " says Ben,' W. C. T. H. (1893 1 5, col. 4. Wm. (B.K.) (69) 
Ayr. A capon her held that appeared to be Wiished in the latie- 
pourin's an' bleached up the lum. Glass 7"rt/fs(i873)9o. (70' Cum.^ 
Potatoes and groats boiled in a bag among broth ; Cum.*» Potatoes 
are cut up into small pieces, put into a linen bag and boiled in broth, 

then taken out, mashed up with pepper and salt ; sometimes butter 
and milk are added, but only in quantities sutBcient to moisten the 
mass, which must be stift' when ready. Wm. (B. K.) (7i)Cor.'^ (72) 
Sc. Though the cornland and the tattie rigs were very fine, she 
couldna help missing the quiet green braes, Whitehead Dajt Davie 
(1876) 205, ed. 1894. Sh.I. Ae dey I sew a tattie-rig wi' bereseed, 
Stewart Tales (1892) 246. (73) Som. Sweethan IVineanton Gl. 

(1885). (74 I Dev. Vor Varmer B de zeead got Agurt big ' tatey 

rowzer,' Hake Britherjan (1863) 19, ed. 1887. (75) Sc. (A.W.) 
w.Yks. Gi'e us hod o' them tatie-sacks, Nanny, Sutcliffe S/zn/iji"- 
less Wayne (1900) 172. Cor. Maybe you keep the winds put up in 
tatie-sacks in your cellar, an' squeeze 'em out to suit yourself ! Lee 
Patil Carah (1898) 38. (76) Cum.i ; Cum.* Diff'ers from Taty hash in 
that the boiling has been so long continued that there is no liquid, 
but the whole is a stiff" mass. Wm. (B.K.) (77) Lnk. I was short 
o' workers for the tatie settin', so says I, ' Can ye set taties, think 
ye?' Fraser Wliaups (1895) xiii. (78) Frf. The tattie-shaws 
were beginnin' tae fill the drill, LowsoN Guidjolioiv (1890) 89. 
Per. The colour of amberor ripe tatie shaw, Spence Poems (1898) 
77. Nhb. A pilfered nest, stow'n tatie shaw Oor conscience 
grieves, PROUDLOCKAfKSf (1896) 325 ; (R.O.H.) (79) War. This 
ground is getting tater sick, Anderton Lett, front Cy. House 
(1891) 22; War.3, Wil.i (s.v. Sick). (80) n.Yks.= (81) Sh.I. Elt 
fgrovel] i' da dirt o' da eart for a meal bannock or a tattie skin, 
Stewart Tales V1892) 17. (82) ne.Sc. ' That's the ticket for 'tatie- 
soup ! ' cries a burly ploughman, as he stands by the well-set 
[turnip] drill that he has chosen. This exclamation expresses the 
highest form of approbation, Gordon A'orthu'ard Ho (1894) 300. 
Abd. (A.W.) (83) Frf. A too-fa' at the back, to be used as a 
washin'-hoose, coal-cellar, tattie-store, an' sic like, Willock 
Rosetty Ends (1886) 130, ed. 1889. (84) n.Lin.' (851 ib. Be off 
wi' ye, you ohd taatie-tops. (86) Lnk. Shut up yer tautie-trap, 
ye drucken auld ool, Gordon Pyotshaw (1885) 143. n.Yks. Ah 
. . . nivver oppen'd me taty-traptiv him, Tweddell Clevel. Rhymes 
(1875) 48. e.Yks.' Lan, Shut up his tater-trap fur him ! Banks 
Manch. Man (1876) xxxiii. Chs.i, s.Chs.', nw.Der.', Lin.', n.Lin. •, 
War. 2, Shr.2, Brks.' Nrf. I adwised them fellers at tha pub ter 
keep their tater-traps shut, Emerson Wild Life (1890) 38. Dor. 
VIee away, blackie cap, Don't ye hurt measter's crap, While I viU 
my tatie-trap. And lie down and teak a nap, N. If Q. (1859) 2nd 
S. vii. 313. Som. (J.S.F.S.) w.Som.^ Doa'n maek dheezuul- u 
feol — taek'-n shuuf dhee taeudee-traap. Dev. Cureit's tattie- 
trap an' muzzle, Like a bwoy's, be smooth an' bare, Salmon 
Ballads (1899) 74 ; Dev.^ Shut yer tetty-trap thease minit. (87) 
Dev. Auf tha colt wid urn an draw Hiszul rite in tha tetty traw, 
Nathan Hogg Poet. Lett. (ed. 1865) 61. (88) War. (J.R.W.), 
War. 8 (89) Ayr. He fell to sorting out the potatoes, throwing 
the bad ones on a heap aside — ' tattie-walin ' as they call it in the 
north, Douglas Green Shutters (1901) 233. (90) n.Lin.' (91) 
Sh.I. Yon's as grumly as tattie wushins, Sh. Nezvs (June 9, 1900). 
(92) w.Som.' Called also a ' combing zull,' used for the pui-pose of 
throwing up a comb or ridge on each side, and so earthing up 
ranks of potatoes, or other crops requiring to be so treated. 

2. Phr. (i) bh-ss my laters, a mild oath ; (2) just the taty, 
just the thing, e.xact, fit, suitable; (3) to be not the tatie, not 
to be trusted ; (4) to settle one's tatiirs, to bring one to 
account; to give one a sound thrashing; (5) to take a share 
of one's tattle, to share one's home ; to marry. 

(i) Dev. Bless my 'taters if he ben't right, too! Mortimer W. 
Moors (1895) "3' (2) Nhb. For tipple just the taty, Wilson 
Pitman's Pay (1843) 82; Nhb.i (3) Nhb.' He's not the tatie. 
(4) Shr.2 (5) Kcb. At length she consented to gang wi' him hame, 
An' for life to tak' share o' his tattie, Armstrong Ingleside 
(1890) 217. 

3. The head ; used as a term of contempt. 

Lnk. There's no much in the tatie O' ane that writes havers like 
that, Penman Echoes (1878) 19. Lth. The boys said, ' He's a saft 
tattie;' 'He's a muckle calf — words which happily only school- 
boys use and understand, Strathesk More Bits (ed. 1885) 24. 

Hence Tattie-head, sb. a stupid head. 

Edb. Surely noo it's clean, even to your tattie held, Campbell 
Deilie Jocli (1897) 174. 

4. V. To set, dig, or pick up potatoes. 

s.Not Our folks is all busy tatering just now (J.P.K.). War.* 
I be goin a taterin ; come an go with me. Wor. (H K.) Shr.' 
Our little Jack's gwun tittorin' alung wuth 'is faither. Hrf.', 
Oxf.' Ken. ' Keptatometugoataturin.' Letter of excuse to school- 
master for keeping boy at home from school (W.G.P.). 
TATOO, V. Irel. To scold, abuse, ' bally-rag.' 
Ir. I should not only have got my full portion of the tatooin|; 




(as they termed it), Barrington Sketches (1827-33) I. xxxv. 
Ant. (S.A.B.) 

TATSHIE, adj. Obs. Rxb. (Jam.) Dressed in a 
slovenly manner. 

TATSY, sb. e.An.'^ [tae-tsi.] A child's word for 
' father.' Cf. tat, sb} 

TATTA, sb. e.Lan.' [ta'ta.] A child's word for 
' father.' See Tat, sA.' 

TATTARAT, sb. s.Chs.' An unruly person ; one 
wanting in stabilitj'. 

A farm lad who was continually leaving or being dismissed from 
his situations would be called a 'tattarat' [taatQraat]. ' YO 
tattarat ' was used to an unruly horse. 

TATTENHALL GIRDER, phr. Chs.' Also in form 
Tatna girder. A kind of pear. 

Much cultivated about Frodsham. It is considered about the 
poorest pear that grows, but it is a wonderfully free bearer, good 
looking, and sells well in Warrington and the neighbouring 
markets. It is a good pear for stewing. 

TATTER, sb.^, v.^ and adp Sc. Irel. Nhb. Yks. Lan. 
Lin. Nhp. Ken. Also in forms tatther Ir. ; tetter 
n.Yks.'^m.Yks.' [ta-t3(r, tae-tafr).] \. sb. In coiiip. (^) 
Tatter-clout, (2) -rags, (3 1 -wallets, a poorly dressed, 
ragged person ; a ragamuffin ; a beggar ; (4) -wallop, (a) 
fluttering rags ; also in pi. ; [b) pi. a tatterdemalion ; an 
indecorous woman; {c) to hang or flutter in rags. 

(i) Lan.i A mon owd enough to be thi faither— a poor tatter- 
clout 'at's nought noather in him nor on him — a clemmed craiter 
"at doesn't get a gradely belly-full o' meight in a week's time, 
Waugh Chilli. Corner (1874) 153, ed. 1879. s.Lan.^ (2) ne.Lan.' 
(3) Nhb.' (4, a) Abd. That's naethin' gin yer breeks be auld, An' 
hangin' in a tatter-wallop. Walker Bards Bon- Accord {iHS-]) 606. 
Lth. Upo' their tails there wad be knots. Or in their place a tatter- 
wallop, Thomson Fo«»i5 (i8ig) 184. N.Cy.', ne.Lan.', Nhp.' (i) 
N.Cy.' Nhb.' Often applied jocosely to one who wears a much- 
torn dress. w.Yks.', ne.Lan.' (c) Bnff.' 

2. V. To tear, rend, tug to pieces. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; In kase he raeive my saul — tatterin' it in pieces, 
RiDDELL Ps. (1B57) vii. 3. Bntr.' Dmf. What gars ye tatter At 
a dead sheep amang the water! Hawkins Poems (18411 V. 24. 
Ir. Tatterin' it he ir, into nothin' you could give a name to, Bar- 
low fns/ «h/o West (1898) 227. w.Ir. I'm tatthered to pieces, 
Lover Leg. (1848) I. 167. 

3. To curl or tangle into a confused, intertwined condi- 
tion ; to be rough or ragged, as an animal's coat; gen. in 
pass. n.Yks.'°, m.Yks.' Hence Tatter-foal, sb. a hob- 
goblin which appears under the form of a rough-coated 
horse or foal ; also used of other ghostly animals. 
n.Lin.' 4. adj. Tattered, ragged. 

n. Yks. That's a tatter jacket (I.W.). Ken. '2 

Hence Tattery, adj. tattered, ragged, frayed out. 

Rnf. They tried to hide their bases Wi' tattery duds, Webster 
/?/i)ih;«s (1835) 24. Nhb.' She had on an aad tattery goon. Ken.' 

TATTER, i;.', si.= and adj.'' Sc. Irel. Cum. e.An. Ken. 
Som. Also in form tatther Ir. [ta't3(r, taB'ta(r).] 1. v. 
To chatter ; to tattle. 

w.Som.' Come now, there's to much tatterin' by half, let's have 
less noise and more work ! Her's a tatterin', neighbourin' sort of 
a thing; better fit her'd look arter her chiUern and keep 'em to 
school, and tidy like. 

2. To scold ; to chide ; to be furious or cross. 

Ir. I never see him in sitch a tatthcrin rage. Lover Hnndy Andy 
(1842; xiv. Cum.' She gev him a rare tatteran. e.An.' 

Hence (i) Tatter-can, sb. a kicking cow ; a termagant ; 
(2) Tatterer, (3) Tatters, sb. a scold. 

(i) Cum.'* (2) Nrf. iHall.), ^E.G.P.) (3) Cum.' She gev him 
a rare tatteran' for she's a fair tatters hersel ; Cum." 

3. To hurry ; to bustle ; to go at a great speed. 

Gall. Rimning fleet-foot ... as though the devil himself had 
been tattering at his tail, Crockett Lochiiwar (1897) v. Lns. 
Away they went tattering along the road, Croker Leg.{i862i 
250. Cum." A tatterin' day's run on Widdup Fells, C Pacq. 
(June 8, 1893) 5, col. 3. 

4. To stir actively and laboriously. 

e.An.' Commonly used in conjunction with ' tow,' which, if not 
equivalent, is closely connected in meaning. ' He is a very pains- 
taking man ; always towing and tattering after his business.' 

5. sb. A rage ; a long-continued condition of grumbling 
discontent. Cum.*, eJCen. iG.G.) Hence Tattery, adj. 
cross, peevish, ill-natured, ill-tempered. Ken.' 6. A 

Cum. He set off in a tremendes tatter, Farrall Betty IVilson 
(1876) 54 ; Cum.' In a tatter; Cum.* 

7. adj. Scolding, cross, peevish, ill-tempered, grum- 
blingly discontented. 

Cum." Ken.' The old 'ooman's middlin' tatter to-day, 1 can tell 
ye ; Ken.* 

[1. Tateryn, garrio, blatero (Prompt.).] 

TATTER, V.' Mid. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] To make a fool of any one. (Hall.) 

TATTHERATION, sb. Irel. Used to express annoy- 
ance in phr. tattlieration to some one or something. 

' Tattheration to me," says the big Longford fellow, Carleton 
Traits Peas. (ed. 1843') I. 209 ; Oh, tattheration to that thief of a 
gardener, Kennedy Fireside Stories (1870) 47. 

TATTLIN(G, sb. Yks. [ta'tlin.] Apparatus, tools, 
necessary equipment ; small requisites or appliances; a 
dial, form of tackling.' 

n.Yks.' ' Ah aimed they wad ha' been wed by now. Ah beared 
they'd getten t'tattling a week syne' ; of the marriage-license and 
wedding-ring ; n.Yks.** 

TATTREL, sb. Obs. Sc. A rag. 

Rxb. The wind gars a' thy tattrels wallop, A. Scott Poems 
(1805) 105 (Jam.). 

TATTY, adj. Ken.' [tae'ti.] Testy, cross. 

TAU, TAUCH, see Thou, Taugh, sb.'- 

TAUDY, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written tawdy ; and in 
forms todie, towdy (Jam.). A child. Sc. Mackay. Abd., 
Ags. (Jam.) Hence Taudy-fee, sb. a fine for having an 
illegitimate child. 

Sc. Mackay. Abd. Nor kirk nor consterie, Quo' they, can ask 
the taudy-fee, Forbes Dominie (1785) 43. 

TAUGH, 56.' Obs. Sc. Also in forms tagh, tah; 
tauch (Jam.). Tallow. 

Sc. This is properly the name given to the article by trades- 
men, before it is melted. After this operation it receives the 
name of tallow (Jam.) ; Taugh was sold by Tron weight, merely 
to make allowance for the garbage or refuse, which was unavoid- 
ably mixed with it in slaughtering the cattle and sheep, Edb. 
Even. Couraiit (Oct. 5, 1805) {ib.) ; Kaiset up in thair ain taugh, 

RiDDELL Ps. (1857) Xvii. 10. 

Hence (i) Taughie, adj greasy, clammy; of the 
weather : warm and moist or misty ; (2) Taughie-faced, 
ppl. adj. greasy-faced. 

(i) Sc. Grose (1790) MS. add. (C.) ; (Jam.) Gall. Tahie day, 
Mactaggart Eno'cl. (1824). (2) Cld. (Jam.) 

[Dan. talg, tallow (Larsen).] 

TAUGH, sb.^ Obs. Cld. (Jam.) The threads of large 
ropes. [Cp. ON. tang, a string, rope ('Vigfusson).] 

TAULEY, see Tawl, sb. 

TAUM, sb. and v. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Der. Also Dor. Also written tawm Sc. (Jam.) N.Cy.' 
Nhb.' n.Yks.'* w.Yks. Der.'; torm w.Yks.; and in forms 
taam Nhb.' Cum.'*; tarn N.Cy.' Cum. n.Yks.' Dor.; 
toam S. & Ork.'; torn Sc. (Jam.); tombe Sh.I. ; tome 
Sc. (Jam.) S. & Ork.' N.Cy.' Lakel.» Cum.'* Wm. n.Yks.' 
ne.Lan.'; toom Cum.'*; toum Sc. (Jam.); towm Sc. 
Nhb.' Dur. [t9m, tam; torn, tom.] 1. sb. A rope ; a 
line ; a partially untwisted cord or string. 

Sc. SiBBALD Gl. (1802) (Jam.). Lakel. A small piece of wood 
called the paillie to which is attached the tome [in a woodcock- 
snare], Macpherson flist. IViid-fowling 11897) 454. Cnm.'", 

Hence Taumy, adj. untwisted, stringy. Cum, Linton 
Lake Cy. [ 1864) 312 ; Cum.* 2. A fishing-line, esp. one 
made of horse-hair. 

Sc. (Jam.) Sh.I. Prior to the introduction of iron or steel hooks 
fish were caught by means of a small bit of hard wood or a 
splinter of bone Irom two to four inches long, attached to the end 
of the tome or skoag, Spence Flk-Loie (1899) 128; He tuik da 
skuin, an' sneed da tombe. Hibbert /)«(-. 5/;. /. (1822) 224, ed. 
1891 ; S. & Ork.' Cai.' Toums were made by the fishermen from 
horsehair. w.Sc. (Jam.) Slk. Clcekit a hantle o' ... perches out 
of the loch wi' his toum, Hogg Talcs (1838) 26, ed. 1866. N.Cy.' 
A lang twine tam. Nhb.' Dur. When he wez pull'n' horsehairs 





oot ed tail te mak fish 'n' towms, Egglestone Betty PodkiMs' Lett. 
(1877) 13; Dur.', Lakel.* Cum. Grose (1790); Cum.'", Wm. 
(B.K.), n.Yks.i^* ne.Yks.' Short line about nine inches long, 
generally of twisted horsehair or worsted, joined to the main 
fishing-line and having a hook at the end. These are commonly 
used for eel-fishing. w.Yks. (S.P.U.), w.Yks.i, ne.Lan.', Der.' Oljs. 

Hence (i) Tome-spinner, sb. a whorl used for twisting 
hair-lines ; (2) to throiv the long tome, phr. to angle for in- 

(i") Sh.I. A sail needle, a tomespinner made of peat, Stewart 
Tate (1893) 39. (2) Wm. He axt ma o maks a things; beta 
thowt he was nobbet tryan ta throw t'lang tome, Clarke Spec. 
Dial. ^1865) 15. 

3. A long thread of any ropy, glutinous substance, as 
sealing-wax, half-melted rosin ; gossamer. Cld., Rxb. 
(Jam.) Hence (i) Taumy, (2) Toums, adj. ropy, glutinous, 
drawing out like toasted cheese. 

(i) Cum.i" Dor. Barnes Gl. (1863). (2) Rxb. (Jam.) 

4. V. To draw out any viscous substance into a line ; to 
hang in long glutinous threads, as saliva from the lips. 

Cld., Rxb. It cam towmin' out. To hing tawmin' down (Jam.). 
Lakel.' ' Linked sweetness long drawn out ' — that's tomin taffy oot. 

5. Fig. To spin out a tale. 

Wm. He could tome a teeal oot as lang as mi leg (B.K.). 

[1. ON. lauinr, a rein, bridle (Vigfusson).] 

TAUM, see Tawm, Toom. 

TAUNDEL, TAUNEL, see Tawnle. 

TAUNT, v.^ and sb. So. Yks. Wor. Shr. Hrf. e.An. 
Also in form tant se.Wor.^ [t9nt; tant.j 1. v. To 
dare ; to tempt. 

se.Wor.' ' Why did you run away from school, Johnny ? ' ' Cos 
Billy Taylor wanted to run away, un tanted me to goo 00th 'im.' 

2. To tease ; to pester with questions or requests ; to 
plague, meddle with. 

s.Wor. 'Em kep' on a tantin' we a' the time, till a gen 'em 
what a exed fur (H.K.). Shr. Bound Proviiic. (1876). Hrf.^ 
e.An.' 'How this child does taunt me ! ' It conveys no sense of 
scoffing or insult. 

3. Obs. With al : to mock at. 

Edb. Laughs an' taunts at a' the waes I bear, Macaulay Poems 
(1788) 123. 

4. sb. In phr. lo make laiiiit of, to make fun of. 

w.Yks. Tha'll noane ha'e to mak' taunt o' me, /.cciis Mac. Siippl. 
(Nov. 26, 1898) ; w.Yks.3 

TAUNT, 1^.2 Lin. Nhp. [t^nt.] To toss the head. 
See Tauntle. 

n.Lin.' Nhp. The Meadow-sweet taunts high its showy 
wreath, Clare Poems (1820) 202. 

TAUNT, v.^ Chs. [t9nt.] To taint, as butter. (C.J.B.) 

TAUNT, v." Sh.I. Also in form tant S. & Ork.» To 
sicken from eating disgusting food ; to upset the digestion. 

Doo's no ill aff, Sibbie. A'm shure I can aet a bit o't vvi' a tattie. 
an' doo kens foo little taunts my puir walk stammik, Sh. News 
(May 28, 1898) ; Food is said to taunt a person when it remains 
in the stomach too long undigested (J.S.) ; S. & Ork.' 

TAUNT, adj. Ken. Cor. Also in form taant Ken.'' 
[t^nt, tant.] 1. Tall ; too high in proportion to the 
breadth ; an aphetic dial, form of 'ataunt.' 

Ken. A taant house, Lewis /. Tenet (17361 ; Ken.'^ 
2. Fig. Pert, saucy; ' high and mighty.' 

Cor.' A taunt piece of goods ; Cor.^ 
TAUNTIFY, V. Dev. [tantifai.] To taunt. 
n.Dev. Then I saw what a vool I'd been to tauntify un, Zack 
Dunstable IVeir (igot i 50. 

TAUNTLE, t/. Lin. [t^'ntl.] To toss the head. See 
Taunt, v.'^ 

There she was, turtling and tauntling (Hall.); Lin.* She is 
tauntling and playing up. 

TAUNTRIL, adj. Obs. Nhb.' Bold, impudent. Cf 

TAUNTY, s6. Chs." fty-nti.] Human excrement. 

TAUPIE, TAUPIN, see Tawpie, Tappin. 

TAUPSALEERY, sec Tapsalteerie. 

TAURD, sb. Sc. [tard.] A large piece. 

Abd. That parsley's nae half choppet ; cut these muckle taiirds 
wi' yrr scissors (G.W. \ 

TAURRIt;, TAURY, see Tarry, adj. 

TAUT, adj. and v.^ Glo. e.An. Dev. Also written 
tort Glo.' Dev. ; tought e.An.' ; and in form tote Glo.' 
[t9t, tot.] 1. adj. Of a boat : watertight. e.An.' 

2. Large, fat, inflated, ready to burst. 

Glo. As tote as a tike or tick, Horae Stibsecivae (1777) 436 ; Glo.' 
Dev. Horae Siibsecivae (1777) 436. 

3. V. To set fast ; to tighten a skein, &c. so that it cannot 
be unravelled easily. e.An.i This skein is toughted. 

[2. With bely stif and toght As any labour, Chaucer 
C. T. D. 2267.] 

TAUT, v.^ and sb. Sc. Also written tawt ( Jam.) ; and 
in form taat Sh.I. (Jam.) S. & Ork.' Cai.' [tat.] 1. v. 
To mat, entangle ; to run into tufts. Cf. tait, 56.', tat, sb.* 

S. & Ork.', Cai.', Cld. (Jam.) 

Hence Tauted, ppl. adj. matted, esp. of the hair; 
shaggy; ragged. 

Sc. God's truth it's the tautit laddie, Stevenson Catnona (1893) 
xix. S. & Ork.' Ayr. Nae tawted tyke. Burns ricn ZJog-s (1786) 
1. 20. Lnk. His tautit hair Hung owre his face, Coghill Poems 
(1890) 41. 
2. To make rugs, S:c. with ' taats.' 

Sh.I. Persons of artistic skill whose business it was to taat bed- 
rugs with wool dyed in blue lit, skrottie, kurkalit, aald man, or 
yellowin' girs, Spence Flk-Lote (1899) 195 ; S. & Ork.' 

Hence Tawtedrug, sb. a thick bed-coverlid. Gall. 
Mactaggart ^wcyc/. (1824). 3. sb. A mat; matting; a 
tuft of hair, wool, &c. Sh.I. (Jam.), Cai.' Hence (i) 
Tawty, adj. of the hair, &c. : matted, shaggy ; (2) Tawty- 
headed, ppl. adj. shaggy-headed. 

(i) Sc. (Jam.) s.Sc. He botched, an' leuch, An' clawed his 
tawtie held, 'Watson Barils (1859) 106. Slk. A wee wizzened, 
waif-and-stray-lookin cretur— sic a tawty hide, Chr. North 
Nodes (ed. 18561 II. 78. (2) Dmf. He is a long, thin, tawtie-headed 
man, Carlvle Lett. (^1831). 

4. pi. Thick worsted yarn for making rugs. S. & Ork.' 
TAUT, see Tawt. 

TAUTHER, V. and sb. Bnff.' [ta'tSar.] 1. v. To 
abuse by dragging hither and thither. See "Tauthereeze, 
Tawt. 2. sb. Abuse by dragging hither and thither. 

TAUTHEREEZE,?^. Bnff.' [taSarlz.] To abuse by 
dragging hither and thither. See Tauther. 

TAUZE, see Toitse. 

TAVAELS, sb. pi. Obs. e. An.^ The claws of a cat ; 
the talons of a hawk. 

TAVAR, see Taiver. 

TAVE, I'.' and sb. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Lin. Glo. Brks. Hnt. Dor. Som. Also written taive 
Glo. ; and in forms taave Sc. (Jam.) Som. ; teav(e N.Cy.' 
Nhb.' Cum." Wm. m.Yks.' w.Yks. n.Lan.' ne.Lan.' ; 
teavv Cum.'; teeave Wm. n.Yks.'* ; teauve Elg. ; 
tiave Lakel.^ Dor.' ; tyaave Sc. (Jam.) ; tyauve Sc. 
(Jam.) Biiff.' ; tyav Dur.'; tyeav Nhb.'; pret. tyauve Bnff.' 
Abd. [tev, tesv, tiav.] 1. v. To rage ; to storm ; to 
fly at angrily. Cf. tervee, 2. 

m.Yks.' To act violently, in any way, as to be rampant in speech, 
or physically demonstrative. Lin. Skinner (1671) ; Streatfeild 
Lin. and Danes (1884) 370; Lin.', n.Lin.' Som. Sweetman 
IVincaiiton Gl. (1885). 

2. To toss ; to throw oneself about, esp. to throw the 
hands about wildly as a person in fever does. Also in 
phr. teiving and taviitg. See Tavering. 

N.Cy.i, Cum.'" n.Yks.' Applied also to the action of picking 
at the bed-clothes, as a delirious or dying person does. w.Yks.' 
Shoe teughs and taves about seea mitch, at shoe's seure to poit 
aff aw her happin, ii. 291. ne.Lan.' Lin. Ray 1691) ; Almost 
invariably used with 'tewing' ; 'tewing and taving ' is gen. used 
to express the restless tossing of a sick person, Streatfeild Lin. 
and Danes (1884) 370 ; Lin,' n.Lin.' Tewing and taving aboot is 
the restless condition of one in fever. sw.Lin.' He was laving 
about all night. Dor.' 'E drow'd Hizzuf about, an' tiav'd, an' 
blow'd, 143. Som. (W.F.R.) e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

3. To struggle ; to tumble or wrestle in sport. Cf. 
tervee, 1. 

Mry. I saw them tyaavin' and wrcstlin' thegither (Jam.). Elg. 
Wi' ae fauld heart, and honest joy. They teauve and touzle rare, 
CouPER Poetry (1804") I. 161. Bch. I was lying taavin an' wamlin 
under lucky-minny like a sturdie hoggie that had fa'en into a peat- 




pot, Forbes Jm. (1743's 3, 4. Abd. Tyauvin' \vi' a dcevil o' a she- 
horse, Macdokald Lassie (1877) iii. Dor.' The ciiilc did tiavc zoo 
to goo to his mother. Som. ' For about a two or a dree hours he 
did tave for breath.' ' It taved to get out' (of anything confined) 

4. To strive, toil, labour. 

Bnff.' Abd. He tycuve and wrochthard, late an' ear', Alexander 
Ain Flk, (1882; 16; Hut gin ye tyauve at it aboon ycr strcnth 
ye'll be clean forfochtcn, Macdonalu D. Elgiiibroil i lit'i) I. 121. 

5. To tumble anything about; to upset, make a commo- 
tion, esp. in phr. tavint; and tewing. 

n.Lan.' ne.Lan.* To fumble in a meaningless manner. Lin. 
I beant noways fond o' bairns, they're allost a-tewingandataving 
about. A', o-^ Q. (1865) 3rd S. vii. 31. se.Lin. She's always 
taving and tewing about (J.T.B.). 

Hence (i) Tavin, sb. in phr. /avht and gules, an upset, 
commotion ; a (luster ; (2) Tavus, adj. easily excited and 
flustered ; (3) Teeaving, ppl. adj. agitating. 

(i) Brks. A country farmer's daughter was objecting to travel 
in a stage-coach about sixty-five years ago, and sajd, in support 
of her opposition to that mode of conveyance, ' They do drive so 
hugeous fast they puts me in a Tavin and gules,' N. ^ Q. (1861'^ 
2nd S. xi. 152. (2) Hnt. I was . . . saying that so-and-so was 
much older than he appeared to be : ' Yes, Sir,' replied the woman, 
' but he's very tavus.' Then she told me that when the dog barked 
he was tavus, and when the children screamed, he was dreadful 
tavus. A'. & Q. (i860) 2nd S. x. 227. (3) n.Yks.^ 

6. To hurry along; to gad about. 

Glo. Well, Nan, how you da taive along, Young Rabin Hill 
(1864I 5. Som. An' where have you bin a-taven about ? Raymond 
Men o' Menciip 1 1898 ix. 

7. To sprawl with the arms and legs ; to kick or fidget 
with the feet. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790) ; N.Cy.', ii.Yks.'2 w.Yks. Hutton Tour 
lo Caves (1781), ne.Lan.i 

8. To walk heavily through dirt, snow, &c. ; to wade ; 
to struggle on. 

Bnff.i Nhb.' Tired wi' teavin through the snow. Dur.' 
Lakel.* We tiaved aboot laiten mushrooms. Cum.^* Wm. I wur 
sae tecrd wie maandcrin up an dawn an teaavin ilh ling, Wheeliir 
Dial. (1790) 40, ed. 1821. s.Wm. (J.A.B.), n.Yks.^ w.Yks.' 
'To tave in the mud,' to be so entangled as scarcely to be able to 
move the feet. 

9. To distress ; to over-tire ; to labour under a disease ; 
to recover of a very severe illness. 

Bnff.' He tyeuve on a weenter in consumption an' deet i' the 
spring. n.Yks. 'T wad teeave t'lass te deeatb, Tweddell Clcvc/. 
A/iymes (1875) 46. 

10. sb. A difficulty, struggle, pinch; hard labour; the 
act of labouring hard. 

Sh.I., Bnff. To do anything with a tyaave. ' I have a great 
tyaa\"e ' ; applied to me.'ins of subsistence, &c. (Jam.) Bnff.' 

11. A hurry, stir, commotion. ne.Sc. (W.G.) 

TAVE, I'.* So. Cum. Also in forms taave Sc. (Jam.) 
Cai.'; tyaave Sc. (Jam.); tyauve Bnff.' Abd. [tev; tav.] 
1. To knead dough ; to work up plaster or anything 
adhesive. Cai.' Cum. Gl. (1851) ; Cum.'^ 2. To make 
anything rough by working it with the hands, &c. Also 
Jig. to meddle. 

Mry. (Jam.) Bnff.' The act of masticating much; spoken in 
disgust or dissatisfaction. Abd. A curn ill-fashionet nowt comin' 
kirnin' an' tyauvin' aboot his peer remains, Abd. Wkly. Free Press 
(Oct. ao, igoo). 

TAVER, see Taiver. 

TAVERING, ppl. adj. Som. Printed tabering (Hall.). 
[tevarin.] Restless in illness. e.Som. W. & J. G/. (1873). 
Cf. tave, I'.' 2. 

TAVERN, .s6. Obs. Yks. A cellar. w.Yks. Thoresby 
Le//. (1703). 

TAVERNRY, sb. Obs. Sc. Tavern expenses. 

Sc. (Jam.) Abd. They had compted and reckoned for their 
tavernry with their mistresses, Spalding Hist. Sc. (1792 1. 340. 

TAVORT, see Tovet. 

TAW, s/;.' and i'.' Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. Also in forms taa Sc. ; tar Nhb.'; to Cum.'; 
toy Nrf [t9, to3, ta.] 1. sb. The marble with which 
the player shoots; a large, choice marble, ;§■<"«. streaked 
or variegated ; also in comp. Taw-alley. 

Lth. The boots were of various sorts and values; those played 
with were called ' taas,' Strathesk Afore Bits (ed. 1885 33. Ir. 
(P.W.J.) Nhb.' Smaller than a 'bullocker' and larger than an 
ordinary sized marble. Dur.' e.Dnr.' A boy in playing marbles 
always has his fancy marble to shoot with : this he calls his ' taw.' 
Cum.'", w.Yks.'", Lan. (F.R.C.), s.Chs.', nw.Der.', LeL', Nhp.», 
War.«3, se.Wor.', Shr.' Hrf. Bound Provinc. (1876 . Glo. Taw 
is the marble which boys use for shooting with at the game and 
is therefore the specially prized one (S.S.B.). Oif. (J.E.), Hnt. 
(T.P.F.) Nrf. We stood one side of the ring and bowled for the 
other with our toys, Emerson Son o/Fens ' 1892) 8. Suf.', ne.Ken. 
(H.M.) Sus., Hmp. HoLLOWAY. Som. Sweethan Ww/.'fl'/'o" G/. 
(1885). [Amer. Dial. Nulcs (,1896) I. 220.] 

2. A game at marbles played with 'taws' only; the 
game of^' ring-taw.' 

s.Lan.' War.^ A boy 'shoots' his taw as far as he can: the 
object of his opponent, 'shooting' from the same place with his 
taw, is to hit the first taw or to pass it for a sufficient distance from 
the succeeding shot of the opponent at his taw ; when one hits the 
taw of the other he wins it. ne.Ken. (H.M.) 

3. The mark from which marbles are shot ; the mark or 
line from which runners, leapers, or players in any game 
start ; also in comp. Taw-line. 

Lakel.2 Stf. Nortmall /^/*. PAr. (1894V LeL' Nhp.' 'Shoot 
from taw.' ' You don't stand at taw.' Termed long or short 
taw according to the distance. War.''^ Wor., Glo. Northall 
/■//.•. PA r. (1894). Hnt. (T.P.F.) ne.Ken. Another marble called 
a taw is flirted at them from the taw-line (H.M.). [Amer. One 
may 'knock' the 'middler' from 'taw.' The players 'go to taw' 
to ' shoot,' Dial. Notes (1896 I. 24.] 

4. Comp. Tawlaking, marble-playing. 

w.Yks. Nah scholars, if they could, wod due away wi' tasks, 
an' devote ther schooil ahrs to taw-lakin' an' crackit-lakin', Yksnian. 
(1880) 392. 

5. Phr. (i) in taw, between the marble-ring and the 
'taw-line' ; anywhere on the side of the line away from 
the ring ; (2) to be down on a person's taw, see below ; 

(3) to bring a person to taw, to compel him to do anything ; 

(4) to come up to taw, 'to come up to the scratch' ; (5) lo 
take off taw, to leap or start from the line. 

(i) Lei.', War.3, ne.Ken. (H.M.) (2) Ir. When you watched 
another boy'.s taw, following it with your own, seeking for a good 
opportunity to get a shot at it, you were said to be 'down on his 
taw.' Hence in general when you have an edge on some one, 
when you are watching him, on the look out for some opportunity 
to pounce on him to punish him — you are said ' to be down on his 
taw' (P.W.J. ). Lim. (J.F.) (3) Nhp.' If you don't do so and so 
I'll bring you'to taw. Hnt. (T.P.F.) (4) Lei.', War.* (5) Stf., 
War., Won, Glo. Northall Flk. Phr. ( 1894). 

6. V. To shoot with a ' taw' ; to eject a marble from the 
middle joint of the thumb ; to shoot at with a marble ; 
also usedy?^. to pay. 

w.Yks. Tha mud just as weel ha' taw'd thi brass dahn t'causa, 
BiNNS Orig. (1889) i. 3 ; Get out o' t'gate and let me taw thee 
^S.P.U.); w.Yks.3 First they taw up to a hole. . . When . . . the 
one who is on for his pizings manages to taw into the hole, the 
game is concluded (s.v. Hundreds"'. 

Hence Tawer, sb. the player who shoots the ' taw.' 
w.Yks. If one player knocks out a marble, he is entitled to 'taw' 
at the rest in the ring until he misses; and if a sure ' tawer' not 
one of the others may have the chance to 'taw,' Gomhe Games 
(1898) II. 113. 

7. To place the foot on the right side of the 'taw' or 
mark in a game. Also with up, and in phr. to taw the line. 

Lakel.' Wm. It is one of the first lessons of childhood to ' taw 
fair' (B.K.). 

TAW, sb.^ Chs. [tp.] 1. A mischievous person. 

s.Chs.' He's a regilar taw^ — up to aw sorts o' tricks an' weinats. 
2. A Strange man. Chs.' 

TAW,5i.3 Sh.I. A streak of light. 

It was just aboot da first taws o' daylicht, Stewart 7n/« (1892) 
32 ; Geng du da morn's mornin' wi' da first taws o' daylicht, ib. 85. 

TAW, I/.* and sb.* Sc. n.Cy. s.Cy. 1. v. Obs. To beat 
or dress hemp. s.Cy. Ray (1691) (s.v. Tew). Cf. tew, :'.' 2. 

2. To knead ; to work as mortar. Cf tave, t/.", tew, i;.' 3. 
Ags. Be sure you taw the leaven weel (Jam.). 

3. To tumble about ; to spoil by over-handling; to pull, 
lay hold of Sc, Bwk. {ib.) Cf. tew, v.' 4. 4. To whip. 
Cf. taws(e. 

c 2 




Per. I would have her tawed through tlie town at the cart's tail, 
Cleland li:chb>ackm (1883) 126, ed. 1887. 

5. sb. The point of a whip ; a whip. Cf. taws(e. 

Sc. (Jam.) Lnk. The nippy taw Comes whiskin' whiles athort 
us a", Watson Poems (1853". 28. n.Cy. Grose (i79o\ 

6. Difficulty, a great to-do. Abd. (Jam.) Cf. tew, i/.' 13. 
[2. I tawe a thyng that is styffe to make it softe, Jc 

souple, Palsgr. (1530).] 

TAW, V? Yks. Stf Lei. War. [!§, tga.] To twist ; 
to get crooked or out of shape ; to crease, wrinkle ; to 
entwist, as the end of a rope. 

w.Yks.i, Stf. i.Miss E.) Lei.' Applied more especially to woven 
fabrics when the threads do not lie straight. ' This collar taws so, 
I can't hardly cut it straight.' War.^ 

TAW, v.* Rxb. (Jam.) To suck greedily and with 
continuance, as a hungry child at the breast. 

TAW, I'.* Som. To tie, fasten. (Hall.) 

TAW, int. Pem. [to.] Silence ! hark ! 

s.Pem. Taw ! taw ! taw ! "that's bosh (W.M.M.). 

TAW, see Thou, Tow, v} 

TAW-BESS, sb. Obs. n.Cy. A slatternly woman. 
Grose (1790) MS. add. (P.) 

TAWDERED, ppl. adj. Lin. Also in form tawderied. 
With 2tp : dressed in vulgar finery. (Hall.), Lin.', n.Lin.' 
Cf. tawdherly, toldered. 

TAWDHERLY, adj. e.Yks.' [tg-tSsli.] Dressed in 
bad taste. See Tantawdherly. 

TAWDRY, sb. and adj. _Shr. Hrt. e.An. Also in form 
tardry e.An.' [t^'dri, tadri.l 1. sb. Cheap finery ; 
cheap, sham jewellery. Shr., Hrf Bound Provinc. (1876). 
e.An.' 2. adj. Immodest : loose in conduct. e.An.' 

TAWDY, TAWEAL, see Taudy, Towdy, Tarveal. 

TAWEN, V. and sb. Obs. or obsol. Sc. Also written 
tawan (Jam.). 1. v. To pull, lay hold of; to tumble 
about ; to spoil by overhandling. Cf. taw, i/.^ 3. 

Sc. (Jam., s.v. Taw). Bnff. Francisque-Michel Lang. (1882) 
304. Abd. I watna fa we'll get to red it : . . Tliey'%'e tawen't sae 
till now they've made it An' unco sight, CockS/j™»s (i8io) II. 89. 
2. To knead. Bnff. Franxisque-Michel Lang. (1882) 
304. Cf. tave, V.', taw, v.^ 2. 3. sb. A difficulty; a 
great to-do. Abd. (Jam., s.v. Taw). 4. Hesitation, 

Sc. He callit me sometimes Provost, and sometimes my Lovd 
[sic] ; but it was ay with a tawan, Pyov. (Jb.) Abd. {ib.) Ags. 
To do anything with a tawan [to do it reluctantly] 16.'. 

TAWER, s6.' Stf Lei. Nhp. Also in form lawyer 
Lei.' [t93(r) ; to'jair).] A maker of husbandry harness. 
Stf Moor Wds. (1823). Lei.', Nhp.' 

TAWER, sb.^ Obs. Dor. Aftergrass. Gl. (1851). 

TAWFY, adj Yks. [toafi.] Soft, watery, pasty. 
vv.Yks. (R.H.R.) 

TAWIE, adj. Obs. Sc. Tame, tractable. Cf towen. 

Rnf. Tho" bauld whan at hame, He fand, whan afiel', he was 
tawie an' tame, Picken Poems (1813) II. 134. Ayr. Hameiy,tawie, 
quiet, an' cannie, An' unco sonsie. Burns Farmer's Salutation, 
St. 5- 

TAWL, sb. Brks. Ken. Also in form tauley Ken.» 
[t9l; toli.] A marble; a 'taw.' Brks.»,Ken. (G.B.),Ken.' 

TAWL, V. w.Cy. Som. To stroke or smooth down, 
as a cat's back ; gen. with down. w.Cy. (Hall.) e.Som. 
W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

TAWL, see Toll, v.^ 

TAWLING, sb. s.Cy. Sus. Hmp, [t9'lin.] The mark 
from which a marble is shot at the beginning of a game; 
a corruption of 'taw-line.' s.Cy. (Hall.), Sus.*, Hmp.' 

TAWM, V. and sb. Sc. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Lan. Also 
written tauni Sc. (Jam. Sttppl.\ n.Yks.'" w.Yks.'; tawme 
n.Yks. ; and in forms tawn Lan.: tome n.Cj'. w.Yks. 
Lan. ; toom n.Cy. Cum.'* Lan. [t9m, torn.] 1. i^. To 
fall gently asleep ; also used with over. 

Sc. iJam. Siippl.) N.Cy.' He'll soon tawm over. e.Yks.' Ah 
was just tavvmin ower to sleep, MS. add. (T.H.) 

2. To swoon ; to fall from faintness or sickness ; gen. 
with over. 

Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) n.Cy. Grose (1790); N.Cy.* n.Yks. Ise 
like to tawme, this day's seay varry warme, Meriton Praise Ale 

(1684) 1. 169; n.Yks.i; n.Yks.= She tawm'd ower. e.Yks.' Sha 
just tawmed ower, an sited doon, MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. 
HuTTON Tour to Caves (1781" ; w.Yks.' Then shoe maddles an 
taums ower in a sweb. Lan. Grose (1790) MS. add. (C.) s.Lan.' 

Hence Tooming, sb. an aching or dizziness of the eyes. 
n.Cy. (Hall.), Cum.'* 3. Obs. To vomit. Lan. Grose 
(I'jgo) MS. add. (C) s.Lan.' 4.^6. A fit of drowsiness. 
Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) 5. A fit of faintness or sickness. Sc. 
(Jam. Siippl.) s.Lan. Bamford MS. Gl. (1846). 6. Heart- 
burn, flushings. n.Cy. (Hall.) 7. An ungovernable fit 
of temper. 

Sc. Jam.) Ayr. She never annoy'd me wi' sulks or wi' taum, 
Ballads and Sngs. (1846) I. 119 ; Wee taums she tak's, wee taums 
betimes, Edwards Mod. Poets, 13th S. 368. 

TAWM, see Taum. 

TAW-MAKER, sb. Obs. e.An.' Work in weaving 
which makes flowers. Arderon CoU. Dial. (1745-60). 

TAWN, see Tawm. 

TAWNLE, sb. Sc. Also written taunel, taunle, 
tawnel ; and in forms taanle (Jam.) ; tandle, taundel. 
[to'nsl.] A bonfire ; any large fire. Cf teanlay. 

w.Sc. (Jam) Cld. The custom of kindling large fires or Taanles, 
at Midsummer, was formerly common in Scotland, . . and to this 
day is continued all along the strath of Clyde, Sibbald CI. (1802) 
(Jam.). Dmb. The news of his douncum was noe shooner known 
than tawnels were burning in every d3'reckshon. Cross Disrup- 
tion (1844) xxxiv. Rnf. Had I our Dochter's [flirds o' gauze] at a 
candle, 'They'd mak' a bein an' rousin' tandle, Picken Poems 
(1813) I. 123 ; Any large fire made out of doors is so designated. 
It is often an amusement to boys in rural districts to go out into 
the fields and collect the cuttings of hedges, dried grass, &c. into 
a heap for the purpose of making a taunel, N. & Q. (1868) 4th S. 
ii. 547. Ayr. Burning whins on Gilly-flower-bankin', . . bigging 
great taunles on the holms o' the Garnock, Service Dr. Duguid 
(ed. 1887) 28. 

TAWNY, adj. and sb. Sc. Irel. Shr. Wil. Som. Also 
written tawney Sc. (Jam.) Wil.' ; and in forms ta'aney 
Wil.' ; tanny Ir. [to'ni.] 1. adj. In comb. Tawny- 
hooting-owl, the tawny owl, Syrniuni alitco. Shr. Swain- 
son Birds (1885) 129. 2. sb. A dark-complexioned 
person ; a mulatto. Sc. (Jam.), N.L' 3. The bullfinch, 
Pyrrhiila Europaea. Wil.' Som. Swainson ib. 67. 

TAWNYMICHIECLAY, sb. Bnff.' A fine kind of 
clay. (s.v. Tarrymichie-clay.) 

TAWPEN, see Topping. 

TAWPENNY, sb. N.L' A hen with a tuft on its head. 
Cf topping. 

TAWPIE, sb. and adJ Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Also 
written taupie Sc. (Jam.) Nhb.'; and in forms taapie Sc. 
N.L'; tapie Sc. ; tappy Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) Ir. Nhb.'; 
tapyah Ir. ; tawpa Sc. (Jam.) [tg'pi, ta'pi.] 1. sb. A 
foolish, giddy, awkward, idle, or slovenly girl. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; She formally rebuked Eppie for an idle taupie, 
Scott S/. ^o;;nM (1824) ii. Cai.' Bch. "The tither wis a haave 
colour'd smeerless tapie, Forbes y«i. (1742) 17. Frf. 'Mother, 
she flouted me ! ' • The daring tawpie ! ' Barrie Minister {iSgi) ix. 
Fif. An awkward girl was reprimanded for a ' muckle tawpie,' 
CoLViLLE Veiitacular ,1899) 17. s.Sc. Tak nae notice o' the idle 
taupie that opens the door to ye, Wilson Tales (1836) II. 168. 
Ayr. A taivert tawpie, wi' her hair hingin' doon her back in penny- 
worths, Service Notandums (1890) 73. Wgt. I wadna gie a snip 
o' thread for ane o' your smirking sonsiefaced tawpies, Cood Wds. 
(1881) 403. N.I.' S.Don. Simmons CI. (1890). Nhb.' She's a 
greet tappy, an' a canny bit throwother ti boot. 

2. A foolish fellow ; a blockhead. 

Or.I. (Jam. Sk/>/>/.) Lnk. Ye big tawpie! sneevlin' awa' there 
like a lassie ! Gordon /^o/iAnm (1885') 99. Cum.'* 

Hence Taupiet, ppl. adj. foolish. Sc. (Jam.) 3. A 
fidgetj' person. Cum.* 4. adj. Foolish, awkward, 
slovenly, ill-conditioned ; tawdry. 

Sc. Taupy wives in Bruntland, Chambers Pop. Rhymes (ed. 
1870) 244. Abd. An unedicat taupie chiel in a kwintra chop, 
Alexander Johnny Gibb (1871 xxxv. Ayr. The tawpy taunts ol 
her pridefu' customers. Galt Entail (1823) xvi. Feb. Taupie 
Meg is just as bad, A commom limraer, Affleck Poet. IVks. 
(1836)80. Cum.* 
[Cp. Swed. tap, a simpleton (Oman).] 
TAWPLOCH, TAWRDS, see Taploch, Tards. 




TAWS{E, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Also 
in forms taas Nhb.' ; taz Sc. (Jam.) [t9z, taz.] 1. sb. 
A leather strap cut into thongs at one end, used as a 
schoolmaster's instrument of punishment ; also usedyf^^., 
and in comb. Pair-of-tawse. See Taw, v.' 5. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; Never take the taws when a word will do the turn, 
Kelly Prow. (1721) 266. Or.I. Nine-tailed taws, Vedder 5<Y/f/i« 
(1E32) 105. Abd. Their dread of an application of the tawse, 
Alexander Am F/k. (iBBa) 85. Fif. The taWse which he laid 
down were taken up by Walter Racburn, Meldruji dry Manlle 
(1896) 190. Ayr. Dinna, Lord, . . skclp us oure sair, as at this 
time, with the taws of Thy wrath. Service Dr. DtigiiitI (ed. 1887) 
21. Gall. The master's taws were a wholesome deterrent, 
Crockett Zjof-^l/jT//* (1895^ 185. N.Cy.> Nhb. All the subjects 
of my taws, Richardson Borderer's Table-bk. (1846) VIII. 102; 
Nhb.', e.Dur.' Cum. When twee bits o' scholars, we'd laik roun 
the hay stack, . . But ne'er fan the taws, Anderson Ballads (ed. 
1840) 78; Cam.* 

Hence (i) Burnt-nebbit-taws, (2) Burnt-told-tawse, sb. 
' tawse ' having the ends hardened in the fire ; (3) Tawse- 
swasher, sb. one who uses the ' tawse ' ; (4) Tawse-toes, 
sb. pi. the thongs into which one end of the ' tawse ' is cut. 

(i)Edb. I am quite willing to receive any amount of literary 
birch and 'burnt-nebbit-taws' castigalion which the critics may 
be pleased to bestow, Johnston CrfiHrt (1864) xi. (2) Per. Nae 
burnt-taed tawse o' strong nowt-hide Need they for paumics, 
Stewart C/iaraclcr (i8$-!) 58. (3) e.Ltb. This ballad of the . . . 
dominie's ... met with an encore, . . but the ancient tawse- 
swasher pled weariness, Mucklebackit Rliyities (1885) 142. (4) 
Lnk. From the faint odour of burning leather wc knew that he 
was roasting the tawse taes, a sure method of increasing the 
efficacy of his instrument of torture, Fraser IVhaiips (1895) 18. 
2. A few strips of leather tied to a shaft, used by boys 
in spinning tops. Ant. Ballyiiuita Obs. (iBg2). 3. A piece 
of tanned leather. n.Cy. (Hall.) 4. v. To whip, scourge, 
belabour. Sc. (Jam.) Abd. Siiirkefs Po^ws (1790) C/. Ob;. Dev. Theend. (Hall.) 

TA"WT, V. and sb. Sc. Also written taut (Jam.), [tat.] 

1. II. To drag or dash to the ground ; to drag hither and 
thither. See Tauther. 

Bnff. (Jam.) ; BnfT.' The ween tawtit the kail plants a day or so 
aiftcr they wir set, an' they niver cam t'onything it signifeet. 

2. sb. A heavy dash ; abuse by dragging or dashing 

Bnff. (Jam.) ; Bnff.' He ga' the loon a tawt our o' the grun. 

TA"WT, see Taut, v.^ 

TAWTIE, sb. Bnff.' [ta'ti.] A stupid person. 

TAWTREES, sb. pi. Shr.' Also in form toitrees. 
[t9-, toitriz.] Swingle-trees. 

Two sets tawtrees, Auclioitecr's Catalogue (1877). 

TAWWN, TAWYER, TAWZY, see Town, Tawer, 
s6.', Tousy. 

TAX, s6. and II. Sc. Irel. [taks.] 1. sb. In coiiip.{i) 
Tax-man, a tax-collector ; (2) -master, a task-master. 

(i)Dmf. Drap snug intae yon taxman's chair, Frae wliilk he's 
flitted, Quinn Heather (1863) 137. Ir. Duck a taxman or harry a 
bum [bailiff]. Lover Handy Aiidy (1842) xiv. (2) Abd. Then was 
their tale of brick increast. And tax-masters did more afflict them, 
Walker Bards Bon-Accord (1887) 88. 
2. V. To find fault with ; to scold. 

Abd. He taxed the faults of the parochinars bilterli, TuRREFF 
Gleanings (1859) 76. Fif. He ken'd his choice wad be taxed ; A' 
his friends wad at him spurn, Douglas Poems (^1806) 103. 

TAX-'WAX, sb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. War. Shr. Also 
in form taxywaxy w.Yks.^ Lan.' s.Chs.' War.*^ Shr.' 
Any strong tendon in meat ; gristle ; a portion of meat 
composed mainly of skin or cartilage. Cf. pax-wax. 

w.Yks.", Lan.', s.Lan.', s.Chs.', Der.^ War. (C.T.0.1 ; War.= ; 
War.* A children's term for any hard gristle in cooked meat. 
Shr.' Gie the baby that piece o' taxy waxy, it's better than india- 

TAY, see Take, Tea, The, tiem. adj., Thou, Tye, s/>.' 

TA-YEAR, TAYEERE, see To-year. 

TAYOO, sb. Nrf. [teu.] [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] A set or company of labourers on a farm, 
&c. Moriiiiii; Post (Aug. 30, 1897). 

TAYSTRAGGELT, sb. Cum. A loose, idle person. 
Linton Lake O'. (1864) 312. 

TAYTHE, see Tath(e. 

TAYTY, sb. Obs. Som. A see-saw. Jennings Obs. 
Dial. zu.Eiig. (18251. See Hayty-tayty, s.v. Hayty. 

TAZ, TAZIE, sec Tawsie, Tazzy. 

TAZZ, sb. Lei. Nhp. [taz.] A tangle, esp. used of 
a rough head of hair ; a heap of knots and loose ends. 
Cf. tasis. 

Lei.1 What a tazz you have ! Do put it tidy ! All of a tazz. Nhp.'' 

Hence Tazzy, at^'. fuzzy, tangled, knotted. Lei.' (s.v. 

TAZZED, ppl. adj. n.Yks." [tazd.] Overmatched, 
defeated ; unable to accomplish one's purpose. 

TAZZLE, V. and sb. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. Wil. [ta'zl, 
tae'zl.] 1. f. A dial, form of teazle' ; to entangle. Lin.', 
n.Lin.' Hence Tazzled, ppl. adj. tangled, fuzzy, twisted, 
knotted. Not.', Lei.', Nhp.' 2. sb. A tangle; a state 
of disorder; esp. used of the hair. 

Wil.' Her hair be aal of a tazzle. 

TAZZLE, see TasseL 

TAZZY, sb. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Also written tazie 
Sc. (Jam.) ; and in forms tassey, tassy n.Cy. [tazi ; 
ta'si.] A mischievous child ; a foolish, romping girl ; a 
silly fellow. 

Rxb. Up Parnassus, wi' a tazie, Ye'll leg, A. Scott Poems, 133 
(Jam.). n.Cy. (Hall.), w.Yks.', ne.Lan.' 

TCHAT, see Chat, ii.' 

TCHE'W, ill/. Irel. [tjiu.] An exclamation used to 
drive away a dog or to hound him on to another animal. 
S.Don. Simmons Gl. (1890). Cf. chew, in/. 

TCHEY, ill/. Irel. [tje.] An exclamation used to call 
or quiet a cow. s.Don. Simmons CI. (1890). Cf. chay. 

TCHUCHET, see Teuchit. 

TE, coiij. Chs. Than. See Till, prep.^' 

Chs.' ; Chs.^ ' Greater te that' ; very common. 

TE, see The, dent, adj., Thee, pers. proii.. Thou. Thy. 

TEA, sb. and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and Eng. 
Also in forms taay Brks.' ; tae Sh.I.; tay Ir. w.Yks.' 
e.Lan.' m.Lan.' s.Lan.' Chs.' Shr.' Brks.' w.Som.' Dev.* 
Cor. ; teah Cum.' w.Yks. ; teea n.Yks.' w.Yks. [tl, tia ; 
te.] 1. sb. In comb. (1) Teaand-eating, a ' high tea,' a 
tea-party at which substantial food is provided ; (2) -and- 
rum-bagging, a tea-party; see below; (3) -bagging, the 
afternoon meal or tea; (4) -board, a tea-tray, esp. a wooden 
tray ; (5) -boy, a man-servant ; (6) -bread, var. kinds of 
fancy bread eaten at tea ; (7) -cake, a slang expression 
for a child's seat or fundament; (8) -cally or -carry, a tea- 
caddy; (9) -chit-chat, cakes, ic. eaten at tea; do) dish, a 
tea-cup, esp. an old-fashioned one made without a handle; 
(11) -do, see (2) ; (12) -doing, (13) -drink, (14) drinking, 
atea-party, esp. a pubhc affair; (15) -feast, a school feast, of 
which tea and cakes form a part; (16) -fight, see (14); (17) 
•graithing, the tea-things; (18) -hand, a tea-drinker; (19) 
-kitchen, a tea-urn ; (20) -man, (a) a travelling seller of 
tea, &c. ; (b) a tea-drinker ; (21) -meeting, a meeting with 
prayer in dissenting chapels, with tea and cake, &c. for 
those assembled; (22) -milk, skim-milk with a small 
admixture of cream ; (23) -party, sec below ; (24) -royal, 
tea with spirits in it ; (25) -run, see (19) ; (26) -scent, the 
plant Neplirodriiim Orcopieris; (27) -shine, (281 -skittle, 
see (14); (29) soda, carbonate of soda, used in pinches to 
make the tea draw; (30) -splash, (31) -stur or -stir, see 
(14); (32) -tackle or -tackling, (33) -tattling, see (17); (34) 
■tea, tea; (35) -tongs, sugar-tongs; (36) -towel, a tea- 
cloth ; (37) -treat, a school treat ; also used a//rib. ; (38) 
•twine, thin string or twine with which bags of tea are 
tied ; (39) -water, water for making tea. 

(i) Lth. A ■ towsie tea,' or 'tea and eating,' followed the 
[marriage ceremony], Strathesk Blinkbonny (ed. 1891) 175. (2) 
s.Lan.' A popular festivity among women, wl.o club their money 
together to buy tea, rum, muflins, &c., and have a jollification at 
one of the subscriber's houses. (3) e.Lan.', s.Lan.' (4) Cum.' 
Usually of mahogany or walnut — and fonnerlj' accounted a mark 
of gentility; Cum.*, s.Lan.', Chs.' (5"! Ir. Mrs. Fogarty's man- 
servant or 'tea-boy,' as he was called, Paddiana (ed, 1848 I. 146. 
(6) Lan. ' Mowffin,' a generic name for tea bread in all its varieties, 




FoTHERGiLL Zgsscs of Lcverliouse (1888) xviii. (7) w.Yks. Nah 
then, be quahet, wi' ye, er Ah'U slap yer teea-cakes for ye (B.K.). 
(8) s.Pem. (W.M.M.) Nrf. His mother took care on't by putting it 
into the tea-carry, Spilling Daisy Dimple (1885) 52. (9; Edb. 
Leek-rife kail, wi' guid sheep's pate, Waes-zucks ! that ever tea- 
chitchat Or ghaists o' meat Soud ever fill your halesome plate, 
Learmont PofiHS (ngi) 50. (10) Dev.s Cor. If you caan't drink 
out of the putcher, taake a taj'dish, Tregellas Talcs (1868) 95. 
(11) m.Lan.', s.Lan.i (12) Lnk. Flatter the lairds for tea-doin's 
an' dinners, Watson Poems (1853) 47. (13) Cor. No popular 
movement ever took root in our town without a 'tea-drink' or 
some such public function, 'Q.' Wandering Heath (1895) 220; 
Going up tay-drink I spect, Penberthy IVarpaiid Woof, 163. (14) 
Sc. (A.W.j w.Yks. If sum fowk ud nobbud be decent when they 
went tuv a teah-drinkin', Cudworth Dial. Sketches (1884) 20. (15) 
n.Lin.i I was at a tea-feast at East Butterwick o'must fifty years sin. 
(161 Sc. The man's no better than a death's head at a feast, if you 
call Merran's tea-fight a feast, Keith Lisheth (1894) xvii. w.Yks. 
The teah-fcyt afterwards, everybody said, was the best 'doo' of 
the sort that had ever been in the village, Cudworth Dial. Sketches 
(1884) 19. Lan. Were you ever at a Lancashire tea-fight! 
FoTHERGiLLZ.rtsscso/Z.fw»/!o»«(i888) xviii. Cor.3 (17) n.Yks.' 2, 
m.Yks.i (18) Ayr. The doctor was no tea-hand, he was fond o' 
a glass o' toddy wi' the guidman, Johnston Coiigalton (1896) 168. 
1 19) Sc. Mitchell 5co///m»(s^i787) 49; (Jam.) w.Yks.^ (20,0) 
Shr.' Some folks thinken they get great bargains off the packmen, 
but I dunna like thar flaunty trash, so I never 'arbour 'em nor 
laymen (s.v. Packman). (4) Gall. (A.W.) (21) Brks.l Cor. I 
went to tay-meetin' to Churchtown, an' a purty time et was, 
Harris Wheal Veor (1901) 165. (22) e.Yks.' (23) n.Yks.'' An 
institution in connection with School-feasts, Chapel, or Mechanics' 
Institute matters, and the like. Sometimes the object is to raise 
a fund, when the tickets of admission are paid for : in this case 
the viands may be provided by a committee, and the profits only 
be available. But freq. — and invariably in the case of a school- 
treat — the provision is made gratuitously by the farmers and well- 
to-do people in the district : and a richly-spread board such tea-table 
is; n.Yks.* (24) s.Lan.i (25) w.Som.' My wife told an under- 
gardener to go for a large ' tea-urn.' The man not knowing what 
that was, said, 'What did you plase to want, mum ?' Upon which 
I said at once, 'The tay-run.' Instantly he answered, 'Oh yes, 
sure, mum ! ' (26) w.Cum. (B. & H."l (27) Dmf. Frequent little 
treats, picnics, and tea-shines betwixt the families, Paton Castlebracs 
{1898) 249. (28) Sc. (G.W.) (29) w.Yks. (H.L.) (30) w.Yks. 
Leeds Loiners' Olm. (1881) i6. (31) w.Yks. Ruth Racklesum at a 
tea-stur i' Bradford, threw all t'eups and saucers intut street, 
Tom Treddlehoyle Bairiisla Ann. (1849) 9. (32) m.Yks.^ (s.v. 
Tackling). Dev.> (s.v. Tackle). (33) n.Yks.' =, m.Yks.' (34) 
Ir. Ask her guests whether they would prefer ' tay-tay, or coffee- 
tay,' Paddiana ycd.. 1848) I. 143. (35) n.Yks." (36) Nhb. The 
guid lady shakes her lap an' rubs an' scrapes at her gown wi' the 
tea-towel it the guid wife o* the house haunds her, Jones Nhb. 
(1871) 116. (37) Cor. Whas our lil tay-trait to a townser? 
Penberthy Warp and Woof, 153 ; Go long up tay-trait field, ib. 
168. (38) Sh.L Twa yards o' tae-twine an' a haddock hook 
attached, Ollason Mareel {igoi) 60. (39) Abd. I gaed doon tae 
the stripe for a pan o' tea water, Abd. IVkly. Free Press (June 15, 

2. Phr. (i) a ctip of tea, see below; (2) a dish of tea, a cup 
of tea ; see also Dish, sb. 3 ; (3) a pitcher of tea, see (2) ; 
(4) the tea is fit or is like, the tea is ready ; (5) pi., to have 
his, her, or our teas, see below. 

(i) n.Lin.' ' You're a nice cup o' tea, you are ' ; that is, a very 
fine fellow. The phrase is commonly used in irony. A ' sore cup 
o' tea' is something sad, painful, or disgusting. ' It's a sore cup 
o' tea for her to drink, poor lass, and what's happen'd's been 
through no fault o' her's naaithcr.' (2) Sc. (A.W.) Dev. ' Dish 
o' tay !' the girl asked, Ford Postle Faim (1899) 76. Cor. Shall 
I fit 'ce a dish o' tay? Hammond Parish (1897)338. (3) Don. She 
put on what she called a 'pitcher of tay,' for him, Macmanus 
C/ji'iH. Conifrs (1899 1 88. (4)n.Yks.2 (5) Sc. (A.W. e.Dur.» 
She haves her teas ( = frequent teas) sometimes at the Sewing 
Meeting, No, thank you, we've hadden our teas. 

3. V. To take or drink tea with another. 

Kcb. He had a substantial tea at Adam Beck the weaver's, and 
tea'd again at five with the Widow Milroy, Muiu Miniciaig (1900) 
29. n.Lin.' He cum an' tea'd wi' us when Sam was buried. Shr., 
Hrf. Will you tea with me this evening? Bound Provinc. (1876). 
e.An.' We say he is to tea with me. Nrf., Sus., Hmp. Holloway. 

TEA, TEA ALY-PYET, see Tone, num. adj., Talepyet. 

TEACH, V. Van dial, forms and uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. [titj, tetj, teitj.] I. Gram, forms. 1. Present 
Tense: (i) Tache, (2) Taich, (3) Taych, (4) Teich, (5) 
Teighch, (6) Teigkh, (7) Teitch, (8) Teych, (9) Teyche, 
(10) Teytch. 

(i) Ir. Pity 3'e didn't get Mick to tache ye how to put 'em an, 
Paddiana (ed. 1848) I. 126. Uls. She'll tache him with a stick, 
Hamilton Bog (1896) 91. Ker. I'll tache you. Bodkin Shillelagh 
(19021 41. Dev. Now I'll tache 'ee vor viddle. Ford Postle Farm 
(1899I 15. Cor. I'll tache en! Lee Widow Woman (1899) 61. 
(2) e.Lan.', s.Lan.' w.Som. Elworthy Gram. (1877) 47. Dev. 
That beant the way lu taich the people duty, Salmon Ballads 

(1899) 49' (3) Lan. Taychin folk, KayShuttleworth Scarsdale 
(i860) II. 33. (4) w.Yks. Banks Wkfld. Wds. (1865'. Der.' 

(5) Lan. Some wanted it teighchin, Clegg Gatin tli Warp ( i8go) 5. 

(6) Wxf.' (7) Sc. Murray Dial. (1873) 208. (8) w.Yks. Teych 
her hoo to play her paart. Spec. Dial. (1800) 19. e.Lan.', s.Lan.' 
(9) e.Dev. Her ed zoon teyche me, Pulman Siig. Sol. (i860) viii. 
2. (to) Lan. Tim Bobbin Vieui Dial. (ed. 1806) Reader 11. 

2. Preterite : (1) Taiched, (2) Taucht, (3) Teached, (4) 
Teight, (5) Teigkh, (6) Teitch't, (7) Teych't, (8) Toht, (9) 
Tought, (10) Towt. 

(i w.Som. Elworthy Gram. (1877) 47. Dev. I taiched um 
how to read, Salmon Ballads (1899) 79. (2) Sc. Murray Dial. 
(1873) 208. Abd. The tongue his mither taucht him, Macdonald 
Donal Grant (1883) i. (3) Per. I . . . there the people teach'd, 
Haliburton Dunbar {i8g5) 85. se.Lan. He teached some o' th' 
rest o' us a bit, Cornh. Mag. (Dec. 1898) 829. s.Chs.' 85. 
Brks. Me as bred 'im from a pup an' teached 'im what a knaws, 
Hayden Round ourVill. (1901) 311. Dev. Bowring Z.«)(^. (1866) 
I. 26. 14, 5) Wxf.' (6) Sc. Murray Dial. (1873) 208. (7) s.Lan.i 
(8) n.Lin.' (91 Dur.', w.Dur.' (10) Wm. It towt me this'n , S/x-c 
Dial. (1877) pt. i. 45. e.Yks.l, w.Yks.s (s.v. Moud). Lan. He 
towt mi to read out o' this varry book, hfiVKS Manch. Man. (1876) 
iii. ne.Lan.' Der. The curate towt her a new waulse, Gilchrist 
Peakland {iSg-j 32. 

3. Pp. : (i) Taeched, (2) Taucht, (3) Teached, (4) Toht, 
(5) Toughten, (6) Tou't, (7) Towght, (8) Towt. 

(i) Sh.I. Could a taech'd baith dee an' me, Sh. Neivs (Jan. 29, 
i8g8). (2) Abd. The seener ye're taucht the better, Alexander 
Johnny Gibb (1871) viii. (3) w.Sc. The pairish schule, Then 
teached by Johnny Meek, ^Iacdokai.t> Settlement {i&6g) 159, ed. 
1877. Dwn. Get him teached tae read, Lvttle Robin Gordon, 29. 
n.Lin.' I've teach'd school at Butterwick afoore you was born ! 
[Amer. I'd been teached to believe, Westcott David Hanim 

(1900) XX.] (4) n.Lin.' (5) e.Yks.' (6) w.Yks.' Lan. This 
mon has tou't it me, Byrom Poems (1814) I. 98. (7') n.Yks. (T.S.) 
(8) n.Yks. T'best towt wad flinch, Tweddell Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 
51. w.YkE. Been towt an' browt up to speykYorkshur, Yksman. 
Comic Ann. (1889) 37 ; w.Yks.' He wad a towt him ... to com to 
t'moorside ageean, ii. 303. Lan. We're towt, Harland Lyrics 
(1866J 308. ne.Lan.i 

II. Dial. uses. 1. In y>^t. teach your grandmother to lap 
ashes, see below. 

Dev. A common variant of the well-known prov. ' Teach your 
grandmother to suck eggs.' Used in the 5. of Dev.. and apparently 
as if ashes = hashes. Reports Provinc. (1895) (s.v. Proverbs). 

2. Obs. To preach. 

Elg. He . . . causit sum of his brethren to occupy his place in 
teaching upon the Sondaye, Cramond Session Rec. (1897) 19. 
Abd. Heard sermon in the abbey kirk, taught by Mr. David Lind- 
say, Bishop of Brechin, Spalding Hist. Sc. (1792) I. 23. e.Lth. 
I taucht in the fields besyd Chousley, Waddell Old Kirk Chr. 
(1893) 122. 

3. To guide, direct. 

Suf. 'That will teach it,' i.e. will guide it. 'The rafters will 
have to be taught by the gable,' e.An. Dy. Times (1892). 

4. Obs. To hand or give. Wxf.' 

TEACHING, s6. Oxf Brks. In form taychin'. [te'tjin.] 

Oxf. (G.O.) Brks.' I didn't hev no taychin' when I was a bwoy. 

TEACHY, TEAD, see Tetchy, Ted, v.' 

TEAD(D, TEAD'N, see Toad, They. 

TEADY, TEAE, see Teaty, Tone, num. adj. 

TEA-FISH, s6. Som. Salt-fish, salt-cod. (W.F.R.) 

TEAGIE, see Tag, sb.^ 

TEAGLE, sb. and t;.' n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Lin. e.An. Som. 
Also written teegle ne.Yks.'; and in forms teakle n.Lin.'; 




teeagle n.Yks.* e.Yks.' [trgl, tia'gl.] 1. sb. Tackle. 
e.An.'" 2. A movable crane or lift for heavy goods. 

N.Cy.', e.Yks.' w.Yks.' ; w.Yks.2 Three posts used as a crane 
for lifting stones, Sec. Lan. The creaking of a tcagle that had seen 
belter days, Bkierley ^frf JFiMrf. (1868)40; Lan.' Som. A block 
of a pulley (W.F.R.). 

3. Comp. Teakle-poles, a crane. 

n.Lln.' .\ machine for raising heavy weights, formed of three 
poles meeting at the top. with a pulley at their junction. 

4. V. To raise by means of a crane or ' teagle.' 

n.Yks.* ne.Yks.' Wa mun start ti teeagle 'em up wi" t'hosses. 
w.Yks. Hamilton Niigae Lit. ,1841) 355. n.Lin.' A woman who 
had visited Scarborough said that at the Grand Hotel there, 
'Thaay teakled iv'rything upstairs, eaven the'r dinners.' 

TEAGLE, V? Obs. or obsol. Sc. To hinder, delay, 
detain ; to loiter. 

s.Sc. Teaglin' bus'ness winna yet allow, T. Scott Poems (1793) 
365. Ayr. He . . . forgot all things which might teagle him in tlie 
way. . . Even so should we do— forget things past that would 
teagle us, Dickson IVritings (16601 1. 194, ed. 1845 ; (F.J.C.) 

TEAGLE, V? Yks. [tigl.] To arrange, dress, put 
oil one's clothing ; to tie. Also with tip. 

w.Yks. After teaglin Natty a pair o' horns on, Piidsty Ohii. 
(1876) 25 ; Tommy gat teagled up as weel as he could, an' went 
hooam, I'A. (1894) 25. 

TEAGUE, sb. Irel. Yks. [tej.] 1. A contemptuous 
name for an Irishman. 

Ir. The admirable Irish portraits drawn by Miss Edgeworth, so 
diderent from the 'Teagues' and ' dear joys," who so long . . . 
occupied the drama and the novel, Scott IVavsrley (1814) Ixxii. 
2. A Roman Catholic. Uls. (M.B.-S.) 3. A plague of 
a person. m.Yks.' 

TEAK, sb.^ Sh.I. Also in form tek. [tik ; tek.] An 
otter. Jakobsen Dial. (1897) 27; S. & Ork.' 

TEAK, s6.2 Som. A whitlow. (Hall.) e.Som. 
W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

TEAKERS, sb. Obs. Nhb. A running of watery 
matter from a sore. (Hall.), Nhb.' See Teicher. 

TEA-KETTLE, sb. Nhp._\Var. Won Shr. Hrf. Wil. 
Som. Dev. Also in forms ta- War.'' ; tay s.War.' Wil. 
Dev. [teketl.] In comb. Tea-kettle broth, (i) a mess 
made of bread, butter, salt, &c., with boiling water ; see 
below ; (2) any sloppy mi.xture of the nature of soup. 

(i) Nhp.i, War.^* s.War.' Broth made of bread, hot water, 
and an onion or two. se.Wor.' Bread and hot water, to which is 
added a little butter, herbs, and salt. Wil. Slow Gl. (1892) ; 
(G.E.D.) w.Som. ' A very common and popular mess. It is 
made of slices of bread put into a basin, upon which are poured 
boiling water. When the bread is well soaked, the water is 
strained off, some butter, salt, and a soiififon of pepper are added, 
then the basin is filled with boiling skimmed milk, in which is 
usually some chopped organ (q.v. ). Dev. I likes a dish of licky- 
brath or taykittle-brath ov a vrasty marning, Hewett Pens. Sp. 
(1892)97; Ingredients: i slice of bread cut in dice-shaped pieces, 
I spit-ov-butter, i tablespoonful of milk, i pint boiling water, 
pepper and salt to taste. Sometimes chopped leeks are added, 
when it is called LicUy-brath, ib. nw.Dev.' Tiggitle-brauth. (2) 
Shr., Hrf. Bound Proviitc. (1876). 

TEAKLE, see Teagle, sb. 

TEAL, sb. Obs. Sc. Also in form tail (Jam.). A 
busybody; a mean fellow. 

Bcb. Ony peevish near-gaun teal, Wi' a' his girnel's grist, 
Tarras Poems (1804' 35 (Jam.). 


Dev. Cor. Also written teel Cor.'*; and 

in form tail Cor." [til, tel.] 1. To bury in the earth ; 

to bury. Gen. in pp. Cf. till, i-.' 

Cor.' The owld mon was teeled to-day ; Cor.'^ w.Cor. Orig. it 
appears to have meant simply to bury in the earth, and in this 
sense it is commonly employed in w.Cor., where even the nearest 
friends ol the deceased speak of teeling a corpse instead of burying 
it, A^ iS-- p. (18541 1st S. X. 440. 

2. To till, dig ; to plant in the ground, esp. to set potatoes. 
Dev. 'Aveeteel'd tha wuzzuls'et. Bill? Peas. S/>. (i892\ 

s.Dev. Fox Kiiigsbriitge (1874). Cor. He tcaled in his bit of 
potatoe ground, Lowry Wreckers (1893) 61 ; Cor.' 2; Cor.^ I was 
out in the garden, tcilin' 'tatics. 

3. See below. 

s.Dev., e.Cor. (Miss D.) w.Cor. With us it is usual for a person, 

who has gone through mud or water, to say that ' it teclcd him 
up ' so high as he was immersed or covered, N. &' Q. (1854) ist 
S. X. 440. 

TEAL, t;.2 Sc. Not. Also written teel- S. & Ork.' 
Not.' [tn.] To entice, wheedle ; to inveigle by flattery. 
Gen. with on or up. Ags. (Jam.), Not.' Cf. till, i/.*, toll, 
I'.* Hence (i) Tealer, sb. one who entices or wheedles; 
also with OH. Ags. (ib.) ; (2) Teelie, adj. encouraging, 
ofiering an inducement. S. & Ork.' 

[ON. l(vla, to entice, betray (Vigfusson).] 

TEAL, see Tail, Teel, t/.' 

TEAL-DUCK, sb. Sc. Also in form taelduik. The 
common teal, Qiierqiiediila crecai. Swainson Birds 
(1885) 158. 

TEALE-PIET, TEALLY-PYET, sec Tale pyet. 

TEAM, sb.' and v. n.Cy. Yks. Chs. Lin. Glo. e.An. 
Ken. Sur. Sus. Also written teem N.Cy.' ; and in forms 
chem, tchem Chs.*^; pre/, tern sw.Lin.' [tlm, tism.J 

1. sb. In comp. (i) Team-man, one who drives or has 
charge of a team of horses ; see Teamer, sb. 2 ; (2) 
-system, a method of subdividing workmen in a shoe- 
factory ; (3) -work, work done with wagon and horses. 

(i) Nrf. Robbud . . . who is first team-man up to Rober' son's 
farm, Mann Dtilditch (1902) 226. (a) Glo. In 1894 a Bristol firm 
was charged . . . with having introduced a new system of working 
in Brislol — the so-called team system, Webb Indus/. Democracy 
(1901) 403. (3) sw.Lin." 

2. A litter or a number of young animals of any kind, 
esp. pigs. 

Ken. Trans. Phil. Soc. (1858) 174; Ken.'; Ken." A team of 
pigs. Sur.' ' A good team of cows ' is the gen. expression for a 
nice lot of cows. Sus.' I have got a nice team of young pigs here. 

3. A brood of young ducks. 

N.Cy.',Dur.(K.1,Chs.23 Ken. Trans. Pliil.Soc.( 1858) 174; Kcn.» 

4. A chain to which oxen are yoked in lieu of a pole. 
n.Cy. HoLLoWAV. n.Yks.' e.Yks. Marshall /?h>-. i'foi;. (1788). 

n.Lin.' Harness for a draught of horses or oxen. [Teame, chcane, 
/emo, Levins Alanip. (1570).] 

5. An iron chain ; see below. 

w.Yks. An iron chain usually with a ring at one end and hook 
at the other. Used for putting round stones to fasten the crane 
chain to when lifting ^H.V.) ; w.Yks.' 

6. Phr. a learn of links, a string or chain of sausages. 
e.An.'* 7. v. To drive a team. 

Yks. Aw can . . . team, an' arra, Lister Riis/ic Wrea/h (1834'! 31. 
w.Yks. He teams for t'Lanky [Lane, and Yks. Ry. Co.] (J.T.F.). 
8. To lead or carry with wagon and horses. 

sw.Lin.' They started teaming this forenoon. 1 don't know if 
they've gotten all the loads tem. They tern a load after that. 

TEAM, si.* Obs. Yks. Chs. Also in forms tem, 
theam, theme Chs.*^ 1. A royaltj' granted to the Lord 
of the Manor for the restraining and judging of bondmen 
and villains in his court. Chs.*^ 2. The right of com- 
pelling the person in whose hands stolen property was 
ibund to name the person from whom he received it. 
n.Yks. Atkinson IVhilby (1894) 280. 

TEAM, see Teem, ?'.'* 

TEAMER, sb. Yks. Lin. e.An. [ti3ma(r).] 1. sb. 

Obs. A team of five horses. Nrf Marshall Rtir. Ecoit. 
(1787). 2. A carter or wagoner, who has the care of a 
team of horses. Also in comp. Teamer-man. 

w.Yks. He's teamer for t'Railway Company J.T.F.) ; Leeds 
Merc. Siippl. (Dec. 3, 1898). n.Lin.', e.An.* e.Nrf. Marshall 
Ri4r. Econ. (1787). 

TEAMER, V. e.An. To pour out copiously. Also 
MStAJig. See Teem, i/.' 

(Hall.); e.An.' We use it also of a multitude pouring along 
like a stream. Of a thronged congregation issuing from a church, 
&c. , it is said ' how they came teamering out.* 

TEAN, see Teen, si.'. Tone, num. adj. 

TEANAL(E, sb. Cum. Wm. Lan. Also written 
teanel Cum.*'' ne.Lan.'; and in form tennil Lan.' s.Lan.' 
[tianl.] A large basket, esp. a basket used for ' cockling.' 

Lakel.'*, Cum.** Wni. Last neet he lickd me wie steal, threw 
a teanalc wi cockls at me, Wheeler Dial. (1790) 16, ed. 1821. 
Lan.', ne.Lan.', s Lan.' 

[OE. Ulnel, a basket (B.T.).] 




TEANE, TEANER, TEANG, see Tone, num. adj., 
Toner, Tang, sb.' 

TEANLAY, sb. Obs. Lan. Also written teanla. 

1. In comb. Teanlay night, the 31st of October, the Eve 
of All Saints ; see below. Cf. tindle. 

The last evening in October was called the ' Teanlay night,' or 
' The fast of All Souls [sic].' At the close of that day, till of late 
years, the hills which encircle the Fylde shone brightly with many a 
bonfire, . . kindled for the avowed object of succouring their friends 
whose souls were supposed to be detained in purgatory, Thornber 
Nis/. Blackpool (1867) 99 ; Gaskell Lectures Dial. (,1854) 15. 

2. The bonfire kindled on the Eve of All Saints. Cf. 
tend, v.^ 

Giles had tried the exorcism of the teanla, a superstition 
descending from the earliest inhabitants of the island when the 
worship of Bel prevailed, Kay-Shuttleworth Sfar5rfrt/« (i860) 
II. 105; A field near Poulton, in which this ceremony of the 
Teanlays was celebrated (a circle of men standing with bundles of 
straw raised high on pitchforks 1, is named Purgatory, and will hand 
down to posterity the farce of lighting souls to endless happiness 
from the confines of their prison-house, Thornber ib. 

TEAP, sb.^ Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Wm. Yks. Also written 
teep Sc. (Jam.) Nhb.'; and in forms teeap Wm. n.Yks.^*; 
teaup n.Yks. [tip, tiap.] A ram or tup. Cf. tip, sb.^, 
tup, sb. 

Sc. (Jam.) n.Cy. Grose (1790). Nhb.i Wm. Tornd it sel 
intul a girt black teap, Wheeler ZJiW/. (1790) 35; Lile Bobby 
Deeaker aald black feeast teeap. Spec. Dial. (1885"! pt. iii. 9. 
n.Yks. What ails yon teaup? Meriton Praise Ale (\6S^) 1. 153; 
(K.); Like teeaps an'yowes! Tweddell Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 
61 ; n.Yks.^ The ' ram caught in a thicket by its horns,' as it was 
said by a roadside preacher to a country congregation, ' means an 
aud teeap cowt iv a breer' [a briar] ; n.Yks.* w.Yks. Leicester 
leaps, Lucas Sliid. Nidderdale (c. 18821 32. 

TEAP, sb?^ Som. A point, peak. (Hall.) e.Som. 
W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

TEAP, V. Wxf.' m.Yks.' To tip, tilt ; to toss, overturn. 

TEAR, v} and sb^ Var. dial, forms and uses in Sc. 
Irel. Eng. and Amer. Also written taer Sh.I. Cor."'; 
tare Sc. (Jam.) Ir. Nhp.' Hrf. w.Cy. Dor. Som. Dev.' ; and 
in forms taar Sh.I. ; teear n.Yks.= ; teer Nhb.' I.W.' Cor. ; 
tir Sh.I. [ter, te3(r, ti3(r.] I. v. Gram, forms. 

1. Preterite: (i) Tar, (2) Tare, (3) Teared, (4) Tord, (5) 
Tored, (6) Tuer, (7) Tuir, (8) Tuore, (9) Ture. [For further 
examples see II below.] 

(i) w.Yks.' He tar his breeks to falters. (2) w.Yks. fJ.W.) 
('3) w.Yks. iJ.W.), Stf. (F.R.C.), Shr.l /H/corf. 55. (4) w.Som.' 
Thick there bwoy hained a stone and tord the winder. Cor. He 
. . . tord un up in bits, Daniel Mary Anne's Troubles, 9. (5) Glo. 
Her run'd and tored her 'air, Buckman Darke's Sojourn (1890) viii. 
Dev. Tim . . . tored ofi' his leather apern, Phillpotts Striking 
Hours (1901) 122. (6) Sli.I. Sli. Neios [}une 19, 1897). (71 Sc. 
Murray Dial. (1873') 208. Sli.I. Dey loupit up an' tuir an' 
peegh'd, Burgess Sketc/us (2nd ed.) 127. (8) Sc. Murray ib. 
(91 Sli.I. Samson tiire a lion within da merest bruck ae time, 
Stewart Tales (1892) 259. Frf. I rugg'd, I rave, I stealt, I ture, 
Frae high and low, frae rich and puir. Sands Poems (1833" 26. 

2. Pp. : (1) Tard, (2) Teared, (3) Tore, (4) Tored. 

(i) Shr.' I've tard my throck. (2) Shr.> Introd. 55. (3I Feb. 
Stinking, soil'd, and tore, He got away, Lintoiin Green ^I685) 33, 
ed. 1817. GaU. The stratas stiff by you are tore, Mactaggakt 
Encycl. (1824) 247, ed. 1876. Ir. They might have tore it to 
pieces. Barlow Marlins Camp. (1896) 191. I.W.' Dor. Her 
frock an pinny ... all tore to rags, Hare Dinah Kellow (1901^ 30. 
Dev. There's a great piece tore out o* the tail, Baring-Gould 
Idylls (1896) 191. [Amer. He's tore three aprons and two dresses 
offen me this week, Cent. Mag. (Mar. 1901) 676.] (4) w.Som. 
Dhae'ur nuw ! dhee-s u-taord dliu piiclrur [There, now! thou 
hast broken (torni the pitcher], Elworthy Gram. (1877) 32. 
Dev. [Of fowls destroyed by foxes] They wad'n all a card away, 
but they was all a killed and a tor'd abroad. Reports Provinc. ^1882) 
23. Cor. Just a rag tored off a petticoat, Phillpotts Prophets 
(i897> 60. 

II. Dial. uses. 1. v. In phr. (i) to tear along, to suc- 

ceed or get on ; sec below ; (2) — in, to reclaim and 
cultivate land ; (3) - over, to stir or poke vigorously ; (4) 
— soitl and body sindry. Jig. to work and strain to the 
utmost ; (5) — the moor, to get very drunk ; (6) — to mam- 
mocks, to tear in pieces. 

(i) w.Cy. ' How do hare tare along?' how does she go on, or 
succeed in the world? Grose (1790) Suppl. n.Dev. Go zee old 
ont Nell : — And how do hare tare along? E.xni. Crtshp. (1746) 1. 
S41. (2) Sc. The waters shall wax, the wood shall wene. Hill 
and moss shall be torn in, Chambers Po/i. /fApofs (1890) 217. 
(3) Sli.I. Shu took da tengs aff o' da hertstane an' tore ower da 
fire, Sh. News (Apr. 13, 1901). (4) Sh.I. I wiss sae bed been da 
wye whin we tCier saul an' body sindry wi' da aires [oars], Sh. 
A'cu's (June 19, 1897). (5) Brks. About Hungerford. 'They tore 
the moor bitterly,' Ray j^/5. add. (U.) ; (Hall.) (6) Hrf. Dun- 
cumb Hist. Hrf. (1804-12^ 

2. Comb, (i) Tear-away, {a) one who is smart or striking 
in any way; (b) one who works or plays with great 
energy and violence when gentler methods would be 
more efficacious ; (2) -back, a romping child ; a romping, 
hoydenish person ; (3) -brass, rowdy, boisterous ; (4) 
■em-rough, see (i) ; (5) -in-two, violent, savage; (6) rag, 
a rude, boisterous child ; a romp, one always getting into 
mischief and tearing his clothes; (7) -tathers, torn shreds. 

(I, a) Ir. Now that lassie's a tear-away, Bullock Pastorals 
(1901) 100. (6) Lakel.2 (2) n.Yks.12 ^3-) do^. Ah I when I be 
gone he won't find another old man to . . . provide goods for his 
breaking, and house-room and drink for his tear-brass set, Hardy 
Tiumpet-Major (1880) ix. (4) Wm. He's a tear-em-rough an's gaan 
ta be ovvder ower er through (B.K.). (5I Ayr. They stampit an' 
(let, at a tear-in-twa rate. An' bann'd whan they couldna win in, 
AiNSLiE Z-rtHrfo/iJHnis (ed. 1892) 244. (6) Ken.' (7)Rxb. Tarn 
got naething for his fechtin' but his coat into tare tathers (Jam.). 

3. To break. Also with abroad anA up. 

Hrf. Bound Provinc. (1876). Hmp. JVheeler's Mag. (1828) 481. 
Wil.' In n.Wil. old folk used formerly to tear their crocker}', and 
break their clothes, but ' tear' now seems ois. in this sense there. 
At Deverill this is still usedof breaking crockery, &c. s.'Wil. Monthly 
Mag. (1814) II. 114. Dor. (W.C), Som. (W.F.R.) w.Som.' 
Mind you don't tear the pitcher. Who've a-bin an' a-tord the 
winder? He wadn a-tord 'smornin'. Dev. Joan's pitcher is tore, 
and cannot be mended again, Horae Siibsecivae (1777) 427 ; Dev.' 
I . . . ruged away the tea-tackle, or a woud a het all off the board 
and tore it all in shords, 4. n.Dev. That cloam huzza . . . was 
tored abroad to-day, Rock Jim an' Nell (1867) st. 119. nw.Dev.i 

4. To pull down ; to demolish. Gen. with doivn. 

Dev.' Slam'd the door arter en as thof a wid a tore down the 
darns, 5. s.Dev. An old house is always 'torn down,' not ' pulled 
down ' ; so is a fence that has to be removed (G.E.D.). 

5. To romp, behave boisterously ; to handle roughly in 
sport ; to tease. Also with about. 

Sh.I. If doo wid gie him less aff-taks, he widna taer dee sae 
muckle, Sh. News (Aug. 18, 1900). w.Yks. CJ.W.) n.Lin.' Gi'e 
oher tearin' aboot e' that how, bairn ; its enif to sicken a dog to 
hear the. 

Hence Tearation, sb. romping ; noisy, boisterous play. 
n.Lin.' 6. To move fast ; to hurry along ; to make rapid 
progress. Gen. v/'ith along. In ^c;;. colloq. use. 

Sc. (A. W."; Ir. Tearin' along like that's the verj' way to make them 
run at him, Barlow East unto lVest(ii^^') 199. N.I.', Nhb.' Cum. 
It's no use tearan like a crazy thing, Caine Shad. Crime ( 1885) 187 ; 
Cum.', w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. They went tearing across th' yort, 
Staton Loomitiary (c. 1861) 18. n.Lin.' When I met him he was 
tearin' along, raate o' five or six mile an hooer. Lei.'. Nhp.' 
War .2 ; War.3 1 tore madly to the station. se.Wor.' Hrf. 
BovnD Provinc. (1876^. Ess.' Hmp. '1 sim'd as if I could just 
teer along.' Of the buds coming out on the trees in spring-time, 
' If it keeps like this the trees will very soon teer out ' (W.H.E.). 
I.W.i Where bee'st thee teerun to' w.Som.' Sober! 'tidn no 
good to tear along like that is. Dev. Zo vrim the kitchen then es 
tares, N. Hogg Poet. Lett. (1B58) ist S. 48. Cor. (M.A.C.), Cor.2 

7. To bustle about ; to make a great stir or commotion. 
Sc. (A.W.) w.Cy. Grose (1790) Sh//>/. ^ev. Horae Siibsecivae 

(1777I 428, Cor.2 

8. To work hard and strenuously ; to do anything with 
great speed and energy. 

Sc. Hoo aften hae I wairncd ye no' to tear yersel' dune as ye've 
been daein' a' yer days, Swan Gates o/Eden(e<i. 1895 "i xiv. Sh.I. 
I tore at fil I got da kirn brokkin', an' dan I left hir ta mam, Sh. 
News (June 22, 1901); I kent shii wis tirrin', fir her face wis 
red, ib. (Oct. 26, igoi). Abd. (Jam.) Wgt. They . . . found the 
father busy threshing the barley with the big flail, and tearing on 
fearful, Saxon Gall. Gossip (1878) 33. Ir. It was well known that 
he could not tare off mass in half the time that Father Con could, 
Carleton Trails Peas. (ed. 1843) I. 156. Ant. Fishin' an' fightin' 




an' tearin' away, O'Neill Glens (1900) 31. Nhb.' He's teariii 
tliroiigli wi'cl. Hrf. He went taring at it, BouNo Piovine. (i876\ 
s Oxf. I on't 'ave ^-our mother tearin' and workin"erself to pieces 
when I'm gone to make a livin', Rosemary r/uY/fn/s (1895) 64. 
Dev. Wan giiclo lady come i' tha marnin' . . . Wlien I was tearin' 
wi' work, an' wanted til zit an' pray, Salmon Ballads (1899) 71. 

9. To eat voiaciously. 

Nlib. ' He'll tear through his hait. Tearin an' eatin. 

10. To knock or ring violently at a door. N.I.' 

11. To rage ; to get in a passion or rage. 

Omb. He came to me in my laboratory afterwards and raged 
and tore about, Strang Lass 0/ Lennox {i8gg) 34. Cum. T'girt 
fella starlit noo teh rip, an tear, an curse an swear, SARGissoNyof 
Scoap (1881) 20; Cum.'* w.Yks. Shoo coom abaht An Hang, an 
tare an rave, Pueston Poems (1864") 8. Midi. She stamped and 
foamed, and swore and tore, Bartram People of Cloploii {i%g^) 
132. n.Dev. Tha wut lustne . . . and tear and make wise. L.\ni. 
Scold. (1746) 1. 292. Cor. Cussing and swoering, . . and larving 
and tecring, Treniiaile Dolly Peiilreal/i, 43; Cor.* 

12. sb. pi. Rents, cracks. 

Sh.l. I tink hit's grey paper, in place of ledder. See foo hits a' 
in taars, S/i. News i^Sept. 15, 1900). 

13. A great hurry; a frantic rush. Also in phr. al 
full tear. 

Sh.l. Aald Hackie cam' up in a tear dis mornin', Nicolson 
Aillislin' Hedder (1898) 26. N.I.' 'There's a tear in yer e'e like a 
threv'lin' rat,' saying. w.Yks. (J.W.), Dev.* 

14. A passion, rage, temper. 

Wil.' He wur in just about a tear. Dor. I dunno why us be all 
in zich a tare. Hare Vill. Street (1895) 203. Soni. Me do get in a 
fine tare, I tell e'e, Ray.mond Gtnt. Upcott (1893^ vi, w.Som.' 
Maister's in a purty tear, sure 'nough, 'cause the bulliks brokt out 
into the trefoy [trefoil]. Dev. He raged off in a proper tear to 
find 'e, Phillpotts Striking Hours i 1900) 284. nw.Dev.' Cor.' 
She got into a pretty taer; Cor.* Vaather's in a putty taer. 
[Amer. He's on one of his tears, Carruth Kansas Univ. Quar. 
(1892) I.] 

TEAR, s6.« and v.'^ Sc. Irel. Dev. [t\3(T.] 1. sb. In 
phr. Ilie /ears were riiniiing doivn his cheeks like beetles up 
a hill, said in ridicule of a child who is crying for riothing. 
N.I.' 2. Coitip. Tear-blob, obs., a tear-drop. 

Dmf. She wiped the tear-blobs frae her ce, Cromek Remains 
(i8to) 244. 
3. V. To shed tears ; to weep. 

Abd. 1 fell in wi' Geordy Brown, And he. poor saul, was tearin'. 
I ferlyt fat cud ail the gowk. Cock Strains (i8io) 1. 103. Hdg. 
MaU anc mock of repentance by putting sneishen in his eyes to 
mak them tear, Ritchie St. Bald red {1683) 88. 

Hence Teared, ppl. adj. in co«;A. Fluent-teared, easily 
moved to tears. 

Dev. ' A (luent-teared child-bearing woman,' she called her, 
Zack On Trial (i8gg) 44. 

TEAR, sb.^ Ircl. [ter.] In phr. tears and ages or 
ayjers, an exclamation or mild oath. 

Ir. Tear and ages, but you're going right for the clock, I.EVER 
C.O'Maltey (1841) viii. Lns. Tear and ayjers I what ill luck I 
had, Croker Leg. (1862) 244. 

TEAR, see "Tear. 

TEARANS'^, sb. Sh.l. Also written taerincy ; 
tairensie S.& Ork.' [teransi.] Rage, passion; violence; 
outrageous haste. Cf. tear, v.^ 14. 

He can't touch a scaar of dram without Kirstie gettin' into a 
taerincy, Burgess Lowra Bigtan (1896) 54 ; S. & Ork.' MS. add. 

TEARD, see Turd. 

TEARER, sb. Sc. [trrar.] A virago, shrew. 

Knf. I shudder to come near her. For faith she is a tearer. She 
frights the very swine, M''Gilvray Poems (ed. 1862) 56. Kcb. 
That minister had a wife o' his ain at hame, if A'm no mistell't ; 
an' they said she wus a tearer. Trotter Gall. Gossip (igoi) 68. 

TEARING, ppl. adj. Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. 
and Amer. Also written tairin' Cai. ; and in forms 
taering Cor.' ; tarinfg Ir. nw.Der.' w.Cy. Dev.' ; tar'n 
Ir. ; teeran Wm. & Cum.' ; teerin(g Nhb.' Cor. [te'rin ; 
tirin.] 1. Very great, excessive; used as an intensitive; 
also used advb. 

Cai. Yer shins maun be black and blue wi' him. He's a tairin 

dancer, M'Lennan Peas. Life (1871) I. 183. Dmf. What chance 

is there of lighting on man, or beast, or biggin in sic a tearing drow 

as this? Hamilton Mawkin (1898) 200. Ir. If you get Val Blake, 


litllc woman, you'll do tarinwell, M'NuLTY^//i7/ifrO'/?)'(iM(i894) 
iii. nw.Der.', Brks.', w.Cy. (Hall.) Dev. 1 tellee whot 'lez, 'cr 
wnz that tearing mad wi' nie, that I widdcn go a stap varder wi' 
'cr, Hewett Peas. Sp. (1892) ; Dev.' How taring fine they were! 
8. Cor. Doan't 'e be in a tearin' hurry, Phillpotts Prophets 
(1897') 185. [Amer. The bay side is a tearin, rippin fine country, 
Sam Slick Clockmaker (,1836 2nd S. xix.) 

2. Boisterous, blustering ; noisy ; bustling. 

Sc. Nane o' yer raiilin', tantin', tearin' winds, but an oughin', 
soughin', winnin ' wind. Ford Tliistltduwn ^1891)48. nw.Der.' 
n.Lin.' What a tearin' bairn thoo art. Thcr' was a straange teSrin' 
windcaameon all of a suddenyistcrdaay. w.Cy. (Hall.) w.Som.' 
A gurt tearin', holler mouth— the parish idn big enough vor he. 
Cor. Tes sitch a teerin' town, Daniel Muse, 44. 

3. Active, energetic ; strong, strenuous. See Tear, f.' 8. 

Abd. He . . . was a tearin' worker, Abd. miy. Free Press (Nov. 8, 
1902). Rxb. A tearin' worker; a tearin' throwgain fallow (Jam.). 
Lnk. I'm past howkin' coal mysel', bit cor Pate's a tearin' 
worker, Cordon Pyolshaw (1885^ aio. Wm. & Cum.' Geordy 
Waugh, a teeran haund At berry 'an bigg, 195. 

4. Passionate, headstrong ; violent. See Tear, v} 11. 
Lnk. Tearin', swearin' Johnnie Law, Nicholson Kilwuddie 

(1895) 44. Ir. In a tar'n rage. Bodkin Shdielagh (1902) 126. 
Don. Bouncin' intil the middle of the skillets, he lets a tearin'-ouns 
out of him, Macmanus Bend of Poad (i8g8) 66. Nhb.' A teerin 
fella, a hcidstrong, swearing, tearing man. Cum. When young 
tearin' chaps were we, Anderson Ballads (ed. 1808) no. e.Dev. 
For all that he seemed in a tearing way, Jane Lordship (1897) 238. 
Cor. 2 He was in a taering passion. 

5. Wonderful, well. Also used advb. 

nw.Dev.' 'Ow be 'ee, Jan ? — Aw, nort tearin', thenk 'ee all the 
zame. I rack'n he idn a-doin nort tearin', is a, think ? 

TEARING, sec Tiering. 

TEARN, V. Obs. Yks. To compare, liken. (Hall.), 

TEARN, TEART, see They, Tart, adj. 

TEART, adj. Dev. A dial, form of ' tight,' firm. 

n.Dev. So, Giles, go geese ould Brock up teart, RocKyi'm an' 
A'ell (^86^) st.46. 

TEARY, adj.^ Sc. Dor. Amer. [tia'ri.] Tearful. 
Also in coiiip. Teary.eyed. 

Lnk. My e'e grew dim an' tearie. Miller Willie IVinkie (ed. 
1902I 55. Dor. It meade me a'most teary-ey'd, Barnes Poems 
(1869-70) 3rd S. 51 ; Dor.' Thy hangen head an' teary eyes, 120. 
[Amer. Kind o' smily round the lips. An' teary round the lashes, 
Lowell Biglow Papers (1848) to.] 

[Whan she him saw, she gan for sorwe anoon Hir 
tery face a-twixe hir armes hyde, Chaucer T. &• Cr. 
IV. 821.] 

TEARY, adjJ^ Shr. Hmp. Dor. Som. Also written 
teery Shr.' Dor.' Som. [tiari.] 1. Weak, frail, delicate; 

s.Hnip. You're but a teary thing to come o' such a rough 'un as 
he, Verney L. Lisle (1870) x. Dor.' Som. Jennings 06s. Dial. 
w.Eiig. (1825). 
2. Tall, tapering ; slender. 

Shr.' Said of persons and plants— 'a teery girl,' &c. 

TEASE, V. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Lan. Also Som. Also 
written teaze Sc. ; and in forms taese Sh.l.; taise Sc. 
(Jam. Suppl.) ; teease e.Yks.' ; teeaze n.Yks.' [tiz, tiaz, 
tez.] 1. To disentangle ; to pick to pieces, esp. to pick 
old rope into fibres for oakum. Also used Jig. in phr. lo 
have other tow lo lease. 

Sh.l. He held da hesp in afore Sibbie fil shQ taes'd oot twartree 
raevl'd treeds, Sh. A'ews (Nov. 25, 1899). Gall. To light her pipe 
she thought nae sin in — Teazin' her tow, Nicholson Poet. Wis. 
(1814) 128, ed. 1897. Nhb. To pick or tease oakum, Richardson 
Borderer's Tablebk. (1846) V. 240. n.Yks.» ' I have other tow to 
teeaze," other pursuits to follow. e.Yks.' 

2. To open or prepare matted locks of wool preparatory 
to ' scribbling ' or ' carding.' 

Wgt. In the lang winter forenichts we teazed '00, Saxon Gall. 
Gossip (1878) 6. w.Yks. Baines Yks. Past (1858} 632; Now 
done by revolving cylinders with hooked teeth, it was in old times 
done by the fingers (.W.T.) ; (E.G.) ne.Lan.' 

3. To handle roughly ; to tear ; to toss about ; also 

Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) Sh.l. See doo, shfl's inunder da restin shair, 
taesin hit [worsted sock] in bruck, Sh. News (Sept. 22, 1900). 





Cai.i Ayr. His name was teased about in kintra clatter, Ainslie 
Land of Bums (ed. 1892) 159. 
4. To harass ; to drive. 

Sc. (Jam. Siippl.) w.Som.' The only way to get nd o they 
rabbits is to keep on tazin' o'm. 

[4. Bi t)ay were tened at fe hyje, & taysed to \& wattrej, 
Gmvayne (c. 1360I 1169.] 

TEASER, sb. Nhb. Yks. Nhp. w.Cy. Som. Dev. Slang. 
Also written teazer Dev.; and in forms teazer w.Cy.; 
teeazern.Yks.2 [ti-Z3(r, ti3-z3(r).] 1. A tease ; a per- 
son who teases. 

w.Cy. My Joan alius be a teazer, zur, and when I's wanted to 
kisszhe.zhezes. 'Noa, it ain't proper,' Coiii/i. Mag. (Apr. 1895) 395. 
2. A young ram allowed to rim with the ewes but arti- 
ficially prevented from copulation. w.Som.' 3. A difficult 
problem ; a puzzle ; a ' poser.' In gen. slang use. 

Nlib.' That's a teaser for ye, noo. w.Yks. ( J.W.), Nhp. (F.R.C.) 
Dev. It's a teaser, this business, Mortimer IV. Moors {iSgs) 127. 
Slang. It's rather a teaser, ain't it? Lytton Paul Clifford (1830) 
1017. ed. 1853. 

4. A fireman at a glass-house furnace, whose business it 
is to keep the fires going. 

Nhb.' The glass-house teasers wore broad-brimmed felt hats, 
with arm-guards and greaves of the same material, to protect them 
from the scorching fires. They also wore ' hand-hats' of thick 
felt, to enable them to hold the long iron teasing pokers, &c. 

5. pi. Combs ; flax-dressers' implements. n.Yks.^ 
TEASLE, TEASTRIL, see Taissle, Taistrel. 
TEAS'Y, adj. Wil. Cor. Also written teazy Wil. ; 

and in form taisey, taisy Cor. [tizi, te'zi.] 1. Teasing, 

Cor. A poor woman wethout a man, an' three gert stramming 
maids to keep, cs like a cow wethout a tail when the flies is taisey, 
Harris Wheal Veor [igoi) 164. 

2. Fretful, fractious ; ill-tempered. 

n.Wil. (G.E.D.) Cor. My owld 'umman was ... so taisy that I 
cudden live in the house, Higham Dial. (1866) 5 ; Cor.^ 

TEAT, s6. Cor.'^ [tit] A draught of wind. Hence 
Teating, sb. the whistling of the wind. 

TEAT, see Tait, sb.^ 

TEATA, adv. Obs. n.Cy. Wm. Yks. Overmuch ; 
very, exceedingly. Cf. too-too. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790). Wm. It is a teata conny verse, Hutton 
Bran New IVark {i-jS^) I. 119 ; Lads, poor things, were teata dry, 
16. Dial. Storth and Arnside (1760) I. 84. w.Yks. Hutton Tour 
to Caves (1781). 

TEATER, TEATH(E, see Titter, v., Tath(e. 

TEATHER, TEATHY, see Tether, sb.\ Teethy. 

TEATLE, V. Cum. Yks. Lin. Also in forms teeatle 
e.Yks.' ; teutle Cum.* ; tewtle Lin. [tl'tl, tia'tl.] To 
dawdle, trifle ; to idle away time. 

Cum.* He teutles an' daddies about o' t'day and gits laal or 
nought done. n.Y^s. Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Dec. zo, iSgo). e.Yks.' 
He teeatlesaboot like mah poor awd granfayther. n.Lin.Tevvtling 
.-ibout (J.T.B.\ 

Hence (i) Teeatler,s6. a dawdler, trifler; (2) Teeatling, 
ppl. adj. inert, apathetic, without push or energy. e.Yks.' 

TEATT, see Tait, sb.^ 

TEATY, adj. Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Yks. Lan. Not. Lin. 
Also written teety n.Cy. ne.Lan.' Not. ; and in forms 
teady N.Cy.'; tedy se.Sc. ; teedy Bwk. (Jam.) N.Cy.' 
Nhb.' [titi; tt'di.] Peevish, fretful, fractious, cross; 
used esp. of children. Cf. teethy. 

se.Sc. I'd be as tedy as a child, Donaldson Poems (1809) 170. 
Bwk. (Jam.) n.Cy. Grose (1790); N.Cy.' Nhb.' She's varry 
teedy wiv her bit teeth, poor thing. As teedy as a child. 
n Yks.'2, m Yks.', ne.Lan.', Not. (J.H.B.), (H.E.B.) s.Not. The 
child wants to go to bed ; it's gettin teaty (J.P.K.). sw.Lin.' 
Babe's so teaty. 

TEAU, TEAUP, TEAUVE, see Thou, Teap, sb.\ 
Tave, I'.' 
TEAV(E, TEA^W, see Tave, v.\ Tew, v}, Thou. 

Towser, sb.^. They. 

TEAZ, sb. and v. Obs. Sc. 1. sb. The nodule of 
earth or prop on which a golf-ball was placed when first 
struck off. Sec Tee, s6.' 3. 

Baculiis, Pila clavaria, a goulfe-ball. Statumeit, the Teaz, 
Weddereurn Voc. (1673) 37, 38 (Jam.). 
2. V. To prop a golf-ball. 
Slatumina pilain arena, Teaz your ball on the sand, Wedder- 

BURN ih. 


TECK, see Tack, i'.^ Take, Theak, v.'- 

TECKLE, see Tackle, sb.^ 

TECKTAIL, sb. Yks. Also written tectail and in 
forms tegtail, ticktail. [te'k-, ti'kteal.] A somersault. 
Also used advb. 

w.Yks. They wor tumlin' their tectaiU, Yksman. (Apr. 28, 
1877) II ; He had seen some divers 'Topple the'r ticktails when 
they louped into t'watter,' Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Mar. 18, 1899) ; He 
tumbled teg-tail (J.J.B.) ; w.Yks.^ Turning tecktails. 

TED, t'.' and sb. In gen. dial, use in Sc. Irel. and Eng. 
Also in forms tead w.Sc. (Jam. Siippl.) Brks.'; tede s. & 
e.Cy. [ted.] 1. v. To turn and spread abroad new- 
mown grass for hay. 

Lnk. A maiden . . . Leant on her rake 'mid the tedded hay, 
Nicholson Idylls (1870) 148; Ramsay Poems (1721) Gl. Slk. 
Spare a few hours from the tedding and turning of their own hay, 
Thomson Z))HH;»i;/rf(?/s( 1901)96. Gall. MACTAGGART£'/(f)'c/.( 1824). 
Uls. (M.B.-S.) w.Ir. She was all day teddin' the new cut grass, 
Lover Leg. (1848) I. 188. N.Cy.' 2 Nhb. Yonnd lads are fond 
of the saint [scent] of new-cut hay when . . . teddin' it, Graham 
Red Scaur (i8g6) 133. w.Yks. Willan List Wds. (181 1); 
w.Yks.'^^ Lan. Davies Races (1856) 239. s.Lan.', Clis.'^, 
s.Chs,', Stf.', Der.2, Not. (L.C.M.), Not.', Lin.', Lei.', Nhp.2, 
War.3«, Wor. (W.C.B.), w.Wor.', s.Wor.', se.Wor.' Shr.' I 
shouldna ted the 'ay awile the weather's so casertly, it'll keep 
better i' the swath; Shr.^ Hrf. Meadow grass, when mown, is 
spread thinly over the whole surface, and this operation is called 
tedding, Marshall Review (1818) II. 342 ; Hrf.'^ GIo. The hay- 
making machine is put to work in the field to ted or shake out 
every day's work, the day after it is cut down, Morton Farm 
(1832) 14 ; Glo.'2, Oxf.', Brks.' Bdf. (J.W.B.) ; It is common to 
ted the grass, or distribute it regularly over the ground immediately 
it is mown, Batchelor Agric. (,1813) 441. Hrt. The same morning 
the grass is mown, we ted or throw it out as fine as possible, 
Ellis Mod. Husb. (1750) (s.v. Haymaking). Mid. The business 
of the second day is to ted all the grass, Marsha.i.1. Review (1817) 
V. 106. w.Mid. When you've done tedding out here, you can 
windrow the further side (^W.P.M.). e. & s.Cy. To tede grass, 
Ray (1691). Ken.', Sus.', Hmp.' w.Cy. Morton Cyclo. Agric. 
(1863). Wil.' Dor. (C.W.); Dor.' Wher men an' women in a 
string Da ted ar turn the grass, 122. Som. Sweetman IVincanton 
Gl. (1885). e.Som. 'W. & J. Gl. (1873I. 

Hence (i) Tedder, sb. (a) a haymaker, one who 'teds' 
hay ; (b) a haymaking machine ; (2) Tedding-machine, 
sb., see (i, b) ; (3) Ted-pole, sb. a pole used to turn hay. 

(i, a) W.Yks. ^, Not.', Lei.' (i) Ir. The whirr of the mowing 
machine, the hum of the tedder, Bullock Pastorals 1 1901 1 95. 
Not.' (2) Not. (J.H.B.), Glo. (J.S.F.S.), w.Mid, (,W.P.M.;, Som. 
(F.A.A.) (3) e.Som. 'W. & J. Gl. (I873^. 

2. To scatter, spread abroad ; to spill. 

Rnf. I wish our fowks nieetna some dool ; Megg tedd the saut 
upo' the stool, Picken Poems (1813) I. 120. Ayr. Jock's vile 
muck fork has ted them out o'a gathering, AitiSLiE Land 0/ Burns 
(ed. 1892) 99. Lnk. Aft teddin' frae their careless hauns. Their 
bits o' pieces on the grun, Hamilton Poems (ed. 1885) 264. 

3. To turn flax when it has been laid on the ground to 
dry; to dress hair or flax. 

N.Cy.'2 w.Yks. "Willan List Wds. (i8n). w.Cy. (Hall.) 
Som. W. & J. Gl. (i873\ 

Hence Tedding- or Ted-pole, sb. the long stick or pole 
used for turning flax. w.Cy. (Hall.) Som. W. & J. Gl. 
(1873). 4. To spread out ; to arrange in order ; to tidy, 

w.Sc. Ted your hair and tedd up the house (Jam. Suppl.). 

5. sb. In phr. to cairy hay on ted, to rake hay together 

hastily, before putting it into rows, in order to carry it at 

once. Sur.' 6. The act of setting right, arranging or 

putting in order. w.Sc. Gie the room a ted up (Jam. Suppl.). 

[1. Item paied for mowyng and teddyng ijs. ij(/., Nott. 
Rec. (1494), ed. Stevenson, III. 278.] 

TED, V.2 Obs. Dev. Also in form tet. To have leave 
or permission to do a thing; to be bound or under 




n.Dev. Zwer thy torn, or else tha tcdst net carry wliomc thy 
pad, Exiii. Scold. (1746) 1. 113 ; 'I ted go home,' I am to go home, 
Grose i 1790) ; Nome Subsecivae (1777) 429. 

TED, v.^ Obs. Lin. To burn wood fires. (Hall.), Lin.' 

TED. see Tid, ^b.^. Toad. 

TEDD, />/>. Obs. n.Sc. (Jam.) Ravelled, entangled. 

TEDDED,//. w.Yks.= [tedsd.] Indented, serrated, 
teethed. Sickles are tedded to make them cut better. 

TEDDER, t'. Nhp.2 [ted3(r).] To perplex ; to tease. 

Don't tedder me. 

TEDDER, sec Tether, s6.' 

TEDDERY, mIj. Cum. Wm. [tedari.] Of grass, 
plants, &c. : Ions; and matted, entangled. 

Cum.* Said of plants which are liable to be matted together by 
means of their tendrils, as the Vetches. ' Locally applied to 
Vicia Cracca, and possibly to other tcddery plants of the same 
order,' /7(>»(i, 88. Wm. (U.K.) 

TEDDISOME, adj. Sc. Cum. Lan. Also written 
teddisum n.Lan.' ; tedisome SIg. ; tedisuni n.Sc. (Jam.) ; 
and in forms tediousome Sc. ; teidsonie Rxb. (Jam.) ; 
tiddysoin Cum.'* [te'disam.] 1. Tedious, wearisome ; 
formed from ' tedious '+ 'some.' 

Sc. It was an unco pleasant show, . . only it was a pity it was 
sae tediousome, Scott St. Ronaii (1824) xxii. n.Sc. (Jam.), 
Per. (G.W.) SIg. Noo, no' to be lang, for a foreword should never 
be tedisome, HAR\'EY5(:o/f/( 77i/s//<s (1896) g. Rxb. (Jam.) Dmf. 
We'll get through with this teidsome work the t'ane way or the 
t'ither, Hamilton Maivkiii (1898) 218. Cum.'*, Lan.', n.Lan.' 
2. Fretful, fractious, tiresome. 

Lan.' ne.Lan.i T'barn's fearfle teddisome. 

TEDDY, TEDE, see Tatie, Ted, v.' 

TEDIOUS, adj. and adv. Van dial, uses in Sc. Ircl. 
and Eng. Also in forms tadious Don. Shr.'°; tageous 
War.'* s.War.' ; tayjous Cor. ; tayjus Dev. ; teddious 
Wm. w.Yks.' ne.Lan.' Sus.'; tedy n.Cy. (Hall.) ; teedus 
Suf ' ; teejous s.Pem. ; teejus Ken.; teejy e.Dur.' ; 
tegious Sus.- ; tejous Cor. ; tejus Sus. [trdiss, te'diss ; 
tl'dgas, tedgas.] 1. adj. Peevish, fretful, fractious, irri- 
table, difficult to please ; fidgety, restless. 

e.Dur.', Wm. (J.M.I, n.Yks.' w.Yks.' This barn's feaful 
teddious. ne.Lan.', e.Lan.', Chs.' s.Chs.' A cross child is said 
to be very tedious. Der.*, War.'* s.War.' The boy's not well, 
he's so tageous. Shr.^ Grows mighty tadious. Suf.', Sus.' 
w.Som.' Gipsy [a cow] do keep on belvin arter her calve ; hcr's 
that taijus anybody can't hardly come aneast her. Dev. 'E 'th 
agot a black-head pon 'is leg, an' that maketh 'en cruel tayjus, 
Hewett Peas. Sp. (1892) 53. 

2. Trying, tiresome ; unpleasant ; aggravating. 

Per. The Doctor was tedious Sabbath a fortnicht, Ian Maclaren 
Brier Bush (1895) 215. n.Cy. (Hall.) w.Yka.^ ' How's t'barn 
this morning, missis ? ' ' Haw, he's better thenk yuh, bud he's bed 
a varry tedious ncet.' Chs. ' A long protracted harvest is 'a 
tedious time.' Wor. Tlie nettlerash is very tedious, nights 
(H.K.). s.Pem. I don't know to my goodness which way shall I 
do with her, for she's a teejous old piece, and that's the truth 
(M.S.C.), n.Dev. Go ye rearing. .. tedious cutted Snibblcnosc, 
E.x>n. Scold. (1746) 1. 107. Cor. Tejous weather, young chap — 
frail the world like the back-kitchen on washing-day, Lee 
Cynthia (1900) 219. 

3. Lasting a long time ; long, slow, but not necessarily 
wearisome or tiresome. 

s.Chs.' \Vi n gotn u tee'jiis job liig'in dhaaf bit u ee' of Bik-li 
Mos. Ken. He sed dare was a teejus fair, Dat lasted for a wick. 
Masters Dick and Sal (c. 1821) st. 8; Ken.' Sus. Poor Sal is 
gone a tejus way, Lower Tom Cladpole {i8-]2) st. 7. Cor. I've 
worked out a sort of a plan in my slow tayjous way, Lee Paul 
Carah (1898) 220. 

Hence Tediousness, sb. slowness. 

Don. A horse-baste that gets through considerable odds an' ends 
iv wark, considherin' his age an' tadiousness, Pearson's Mag. (Mar. 
1900) 312. 

4. Careful, scrupulous, particular. 

Lan. Ask a man if he will have a glass of beer or a glass of 
porter, and he will answer that ' he is not tedious about it,' i.e. he 
is not particular which kind of drink he takes. The use of the 
word is very common, A', (f O. (18741 5th S. i. 175. s.Chs.' Yoa' 
bin su tcc'jus ubuwt yur klccun fuwdz. 

5. adv. Very, exceedingly ; used as an intensitivc. 
Ken. A lad at a cricket-match would say, 'That was a tedious 

swift ball," or ' That was a tedious hard hit," A'. & Q. (1874'! 5th 
S. i. 107; Tedious pleasant, Grose U79o); Ken.' Tedious bad, 
tedious good; Ken.' Sus.' I never did see such tedious bad stulT 
in all my life; Sus.' 

TEDS, sA.//. Lin. [tedz.] Socks. Miller &Skektciily 
Feidaiid ( 1878) iv ; Lin.' 

TEDY, see Teaty. 

TEE, sb.' and v.' Sc. [ti.] 1. sb. A mark set up in 
playing at quoits, pennystone, &c. n.Sc. (Jam.) 2. A 
curling term : a mark made in the ice at each end of a 
rink towards which the stones are pushed. 

Sc. The stone took the wick ex.ictly, and stood on the lee dead- 
guarded, Tweeddale Afoff (ieg6j 164; The place for the rink 
being chosen, a mark is made at each end, called a ' tee,' ' loesee,' 
or ' neitter.' It is a small hole made in the ice, round which two 
circles of ditTerent diameters are drawn, tiiat the relative distances 
of the stone from the 'tee' maybe calculated at sight, Harewood 
Diet. o/Spor/s (1835) (s.v. Curling) ; Gen. a cross surrounded by 
a circle (Jam.). 

Hence (i) Teehead, sb. the circle round the 'tee' at 
each end of the rink, within which the stones must lie in 
order to count in the game ; (2) -shot, sb. a stone resting 
on the 'tee' when played. 

(i) SIg. The tee-head's a graund leveller. I can order aboot the 
very Curnel whan I'm skip and he's playin' third, Fergusson 
Village {i8g3) 159. (2) Lnk. Our bin haun, unrivall'd at drawin'. 
Sen's up a tee-shot to a hair— Game ! game ! Watson Poems 
(1853I 64. 

3. A golfing term : a small cone or nodule of earth, &c. 
from which a golf-ball is driven or 'teed.' Also usedy?^. 
See Teaz. 

Sc. (Jam.) Heb. Each [shell] is seated on a sandy ' tee,' formed 
by the wind sweeping away the sand around it. Smith Lewsiana 
(1875) 147- 

4. V. A golfing term : to raise a ballon a nodule of earth, 
&c. preparatory to driving it. Hence Tee'dball, 4/). a ball 
placed on a cone or ' tee ' preparatory to the first drive. 

Sc. Persuaded that I was to fly high and far, they had taken 
a word from the golfing green, and called me the 'Tee'd Ball,' 
Stevenson Catriona (1893) xviii ; That's a tee'd ba', Henderson 
Prov. (1832) 138, ed. 1881. 

TEE, sA.2 and t'.* Hmp. [ti.] 1. sb. In comp. Tee- 
hole, the entrance to a bee-hive. 

As thick as bees at a tee-hole, Dovi.e White Comp. (ed. 1901) 
vi ; Wise Kno Forest (1883I 185; Hmp.' [At the bottom of your 
little [beehive] doors, make an open square just against the tec- 
hole, WORLIDGE Diet. Rust. (1681,.] 

2. V. Of bees: to buzz. Wise 16. ; Hmp.' 

TEE, 5A.3 Sc. See below. 

Sc. The muirland laddie That rides on the bonny grey cowt, . . 
With hair pouthered, and a feather. And housings at curpen and 
tee. Chambers Sitgs. (1829) II. 584. 

TEE, i;.^ s.Lan.' [ti.] With /;/: to set in ; to tide in. 

He had th' inllooenzy, an' then breawn-titus tee'd-in, an' that 
top't him ofl'. 

TEE, see T, Take, Thee, pers. proiu, Tie, i'.'. To. 

TEE A, see The, detii. adj, To. 

TEEAF, TEEALYPYATT, see Tough, Talepyet. 

TEEAR, TEEAT, see Their, Tait, sb.' 

TEEATH, TEEATHY, see Tooth, Toothy. 

TEEAVE, TEECHY, see Tave, v.\ Tetchy. 

TEED, ppl. adj Sh.I. [tld.] Of a cow : in full milk. 

Whether the cow was teed, forrow. or yield, the cog was filled 
to the brim, Spence Ftk-Lorc (i899> 166. 

TEEDEE, s6. s.Chs.' [ti'di.] A lump of ordure. 

TEEDLE, II. Obs. Sc. To sing a song without words ; 
to croon. Cf. deedle, v. 3. 

Gall. ' Rock your wceane in a scull And teedle Heelan sing," 
Oldcdit. of //arfaa/(i/»flc»»if,Z>OHaW(jAM.) ; Mactaggart fiinc/. 

TEE-DRAW, TEEDY, TEE-FA(LL, see Todraw, 
Teaty, To-fall. 

TEEGLE, V. s.Chs.' [tl'gl.] With up : to entice, lead 
on from step to step. 

TEEGLE, see Teagle, sb. 

TEE-HEE, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Yks. ; also 
Som. Dev. Also written tehe(e Sc. Ir. ; and in forms 
tiehie Lnk. ; tihe w.Yks.' ; tihi Per. 1. sb. Foolish, 

M 2 




silly laughter; giggling, tittering; a loud laugh. Also 
used as an int. expressive of loud or derisive laughter. 

Sc. He got up with a tehee (Jam.X Abd. The lasses skirled a 
loud ' tee-hee,' Cmdman IiigHsmitl (1873'! 40. Per. Saniiy syne 
will heertsome be, And for lang groans gouf up, Tihi, Nicol 
Poems (1766) 20. Ayr. She laughed loudly and vacantly. The silly 
teehee echoed up the street, Douglas Green Shutlers (1901) i. 
Lnk. Tie, hie, Sandy, the kirk will kittle your hips for you yet, 
Graham I yri/iiigs {1883) II. 225. Ir. Wee James went te-he, te- 
he between his teeth, Bullock Pasloials (1901) 106. Nhb. He 
gies a sort o' tee-hee at this oot loud, Pease Tales (1899) 1 1. 

2. V. To laugh in a suppressed manner ; to giggle, titter ; 
to laugli in a sillj', foolish manner. 

Arg. Tee-heeing till his bent shoulders heaved under his ink- 
stained surtout coat, Munro Doom Caslle (1901) 112. Ayr. The 
two o' them tee-heeing owre the lads thegither, Douglas Gteen 
Shiitk)S 1,1901) 47; 'Jam.) Feb. Ky rout, lambs bleat, the dees 
[dairy-maids] te-heed, Liiiloiin Green (1685) 66, ed. 1817. Dmf. 
There, boys teheeing, Na\ke Siller Gun (1808)98. Gall. Mac- 
taggart Encycl. {1824I 444. ed. 1876. Ir. You be aisy there, tee- 
heein', Pat Lencham, Barlow Shannock (1901) 250. w.Yks.' 
w.Som ' Kas'-n keep kwuyut, yu teeheeeen yuung feo'l ? fCanst 
(thou) not keep quiet, you giggling young fooUJ n.Dev. Ye tee- 
heeing pixy, E.xn:. Scold. (1746) 1. 130. 

3. To laugh loudly. Bnff.' 

[1. Cp. ' Tehee ! ' quod she, and clapte the window to, 
Chaucer C. T. a. 3740.] 

TEEHOSS, V. Dev. [tr-os.] To romp vulgarly or 

Be quiet thease minit ! I niver did zee sich a gert teehossing 
vulcasyube! H ewett Peas. 5/. ( 1 892) ; Dev.^ Xovvyou chillern, 
stap that teehossing or you'll tear all the clothes off j-er backs. 

TEEHT, TEEJUS, TEEJY, see Tait, sb.^, Tedious. 

TEEL. c'.i Cum. Wm. War. Shr. Hrf Glo. limp. Wil. 
Dor. Soni. Dev. Cor. Also written teal Glo. Dor. ; and 
in forms tail Dor. Cor.' ; tail Glo. ; tile Cum. Wm. Shr.' 
Glo.'= Wil.' Dor.' w.Som.'; till Hrf.' Glo.' w.Som.' 
nw.Dev.' Cor. [til ; tail, til.] 1. To set up on end ; to 
prop or lean up against a wall, &c. 

War.° Tcel this dish agen the sink, to drain. Hrf.' Glo. The 
roll of paper is teeled agen the wall (S.S.B.) ; Glo.' The pole was 
tilled up against the house. Hmp.' ' Teel 'un up,' set it on its end 
against something. Wil.' Gen. used with up, as 'Teel it up agen 
th* wall, wull'ee ? ' 

Hence Teeling, ppl. adj. sloping, leaning, slanting. 
Also used advb. 

Hmp. Pliace it a little teelin' (J.R.W.) ; Hmp.i 

2. To pile up, as wood against a tree. Glo. (H.S.H.), 
(W.H.C.), Glo.' 3. To set open. 

Glo.> To tile a gate ; GI0.2 Dor. Monthly Pckl. (1874) 180. 

4. To place anything so that it may easily fall, esp. to 
bait or set a trap, snare, &c. 

Cum. In setting the old figure-of-4 trap the slate or flat tile 
which in its fall had to kill the vermin, required very nice and 
delicate adjustment. The trap had to be 'tiled kittle' (J.Ar. ). 
Wm. Ferguson Northmen (1856 201. Shr.' To bait a trap by 
hanging a morsel of food on a hook. It is said of small eaters 
that they ' dunna yet as much as Odd tile a trap.' Glo. HoraeSub- 
secivae (1777) 428 ; Glo.' To tile a trap. Dor. You wouldn't like a 
gin tiled then, would you? (C.V.G.) ; To tail a trap (C.K.P.); 
Dor.' Scm. ' Mus Caper he tiled agin.' ' How did he tile it ?' 
' Oh. tiled un — why he tiled un wi' a bit o' cheese — and he catched 
three mice' (W.F.R.) ; Jennings Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). 
w.Som.' I must till a snap vor thick there want. There's a new 
farshin mouse-snap what don't lack no tillin' — he do till 'iszul. 
Dev.' Took a bard out o' a springle that zumbody had a'teel'd, 5. 
nw.Dev.* &.X)tv. Yo\ Kingshricige {i8-i.\). Cor.'^ 

Hence (i) Tiller, sb. the part of a trap or gin to which 
the bait is attached ; (2) Till-trap, sb. applied to anything 
unsteady or unsafe ; also used attrib. 

(i) w.Som.' Dhceuz yuur jun' udn noa geo d, dhu teeulur 
oa- un-z a-broa'kt [This here gin is not no good, the tiller 
of it is broken]. nw.Dev.' (2) w.Som.' An insecure scaffold 
would be a ' till-trap consarn.' A rickety chair, a weak ladder, a 
broken stool, would all be so described, implying that a person 
trusting to their support would be trapped. ' I baint gwain up 
*pon no jis till-trap's that there an* tread 'pon nort !' 

5. Fig. To prepare ; to make ready. 

w.Ssm.' Dev. A farmer, . . speaking of the sharp practice of 

some neighbours, said, ' But there, didn' make no odds, I was a- 
tilled vor 'em' (i.e. prepared for them"), Reports Proviiic. (1889'!. 
Cor. He and his mates went out and tilled the trammel [fishing- 
net], ' Q.' Wandering Heath (1895) 80. 
6. To be obstinately set or determined on doing anything. 

Cor. So Mary Ann teel'd for to do un harm, T. Towscr (1873) 
70 ; We're plissunt soas. We aren't for fighting teeld, Daniel 
Alnse in Motley, 28 ; Cor.^ ' He's teeled for it,' i.e. he's ripe for it. 

[4. Cp. Tristre is {)er me sit mid pe greahundes forte 
kepen \ie hearde, o^^er tillen jie nettes ajean ham, Anc. 
Riii'lf (c. 1225) 334.] 

TEEL,t/.= Sc. [til.] 1. To till or prepare the ground 
for sowing. 

Sc. Teel't as ye like ye hac nae rewaird, Waddell Isaiah 
(1879) V, heading. Sh.I. He 'at nedder teels nor saws be bliss'd 
'at A'm wun it, Sh. News lOct. 20, 1900). Per. We teel'd the 
laund. An' cuist oor corn into the yird, Haliburton Ochil Idylls 
(1891'! 45. [Teele, aro, Duncan Elym. (1595"!.] 
2. To work at, toil. Also used Jig. 

Ayr. The thrifty wife she teels the pirns, Thoh Ainiisemenis 
(1817) 36. 

[OE. teoliait, to till (B.T.).] 

TEEL, see Tail, Teal, z;.'2, Till, sb.\ v.^ 

TEELER, see Tailor. 

TEELYTOON, sb. Nhb.> [ti'litun.] A teasing, fretful, 
wearisome child. 

TEEM, V.', s6.' and adj.^ Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. Also written team N.Cy.^* Dur. n.Yks.'* e.Yks. 
m.Yks.' w.Yks.5 Lan.' s.Lan.' Der. Not.'^ Lin.' n.Lin.' 
e.An.' Cor. ; and in forms teeani Cum.'* n.Yks.°* e.Yks.' 
s.Chs.'; teeom s.Lan.' ; teim w.Yks.^ ; tern w.Yks. ; tim 
Dmb. Lnk.; pre/, tame m.Yks.'; tern m.Yks.' sw.Lin.' ; 
tem'd w.Yks. Lan. ; temmed Lan. Not. [tini ; tism.] 

1. V. To pour, pour out ; to empty liquid from one vessel 
to another. Also used/ig. Cf toom. 

Sc. Herd Coll. Sngs. (1776) Gl. Cai.>, Inv. (H.E.F.) Kcd. 
They an' Davit teem't the stoup Till a' the three were fou, Grant 
Lays (1884) 19. Dmb. I'll gang in an' get your paste-pail and tim 
it ower your held, Strang Lass of Lenno.x (1899) 175. N.I.' 
N.Cy.' Teem out the tea, hinny ; N.Cy.°, Nhb.i Dur. It was just 
like teamin' cau'd waiter down mi' back, Egglestone Betty Podkins' 
Visit (1877) 10; Dur.', Lakel.2, Cum.'« Cum., Wm. Nicolson 
(1677) Trans. R. Lit. Soc. (,i868j IX. Wm. .Seun hed it boilen To 
teem doon her throat, Whitehead Lff. (1859) 7. s.Wm. (J.A.B.) 
n.Yks.* Teeam all t'cau'd tea oot. ne.Yks.' Teeam t'watthcr oot 
o' yon can. e.Yks.' Noo then, get tha gone and teeam slaps. 
m.Yks.' w.Yks. He tem'd aght th' teah. Hartley Sff<5 Yks. Lan. 
(1895) ii ; w.Yks.^^*^ Lan. Heaw aw tem'd o mi love an' hope 
into four little pages o papper, Clegg Sketches (1895) 90; Lan.' 
Come, teem eawt, an' let's be suppin'; aw'mdry. n.Lan.', ne.Lan.', 
e.Lan.', m.Lan.' s.Lan.' Teeom me another dish o' tay eawt. 
Chs.'*; Chs.3 Cum, missis, teem us a sup of tay. s.Chs.', Der.' ^ 
Not. The sun . . . slanting like it was teemed out of something, 
Prior Renie (1895") 76 ; Not.'^ s.Not. Teem the watter down the 
drain (J.P.K.). n.Lin.' Th' soft thing team'd a lot o' watter oot o' 
th' tea-kettle up o' me. sw.Lin.' When I teem him some tea, 
he'll tak' and fling it at me. I tem some tea into a cup. Nhp.'^ 
War.2 This teapot don't teem well ; War.^ w.Wor.' Canna yu 
drinkyer tay, lad? Teem it inta the sahrcer [saucer] then. s.Wor.' 
Shr.' Theer's summat got i' the spout o' the tay-pot, it dunna 
teem well. Glo.'^, e.An.l e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). Cor. 
Teeming out her licker, J. TRENOODLES/ifr. .D/'fl/. (1846) 59; Cor.' 
Teem out the liquor ; Cor.^ 

2. To rain heavily ; to pour in torrents. 

Sc. It teems wi' rain, Grose (1790) MS. add. (C.) Dmb. An 
awfu' wat day, teemin' doon in bucketfu's, Strang Lass 0/ Lennox 
(1899) 170. Dmf. It's just teeming, Wallace Sf/ioo/Hins/f;( 1899) 
354; Teeming and raining is a common expression (Jam.). Ir. 
(A.S.-P.); Troth, it's teemin' powerful this instiant up there in 
the mountains. Barlow Z.i5ro«w/ (1895) 45. n.Cy. (J.'VV.) Wm. 
It is ' teeming and pouring' means ' raining cats and dogs' (A.T.). 
n.Yks.'; n.Yks.^ It rains and teeams on. ne.Yks,' It fairteeam'd 
down. e.Yks.' w.Yks. Bi th' time they gat to th' Church it wor 
teemin' daan. Hartley Clock Aim. (18901 29; w.Yks. ^ It wur 
teiming darn at four o'clock. 37. n.Lan.' It's fair rainin' and 
teemin' down. Chs.' Not.' It fair temmed down. Lin.' n.Lin.' 
Team down wi' rain. sw.Lin.' It tem down with rain ; it did teem. 
Rut.' Where the slates is broken, the wet teems down ever so. 
War.'^ Hark at the rain; it docs teem. 




3. To empty or empty out solids. 

Nhb. Two banksmen, who take ofl the corves at the top. and 
empty, or, as the workmen call it, 'teem' them. Brand Hist. 
Newc. (1789) II. 684, iiole. Cum.^ T'stcans was lipgin, aside o' 
t'stecl, just as I'd lecm't them oot, 15. n.Yks.'^ ; n.Yks.* Tecam't 
coals oot at t'backsidc. w.Yks. J.W.^ Lan. Th' potatoes wur 
nicely dried an' tcmd. Ab-o'tli'- Yale Xitias Diinier [1886 11. Chs.' ; 
Chs.3 You may teem eggs or corn. s.Cbs.' Shr.' I axed the 
Maistcr. could 'e change mc a sovereign, an' 'e teemed 'is pus, 
but 'e 'adna got it. 

Hence Teemer, sh. the large bag into which gleanings 
are poured out of the smaller bags carried at the waist. 
sw.Lin.' 4. To unload a cart, ^S;c. ; csp. to lift hay or 
corn from the wagon on to the stack. 

Abd. Term ycr cairt, min (G.W.). n.Cy. Morton Cycla. Agric. 
(i863\ Nhb.' Tccmin muck, emptying manure from a carl with 
a teemin hack. ne.Yks.' Com an' help us ti teeam this kecak. 
e.Yks. The leader ought to teame the waine, Bi;sT/f«r. Ecoii. (1641) 
46 ; e.Yks.' w.Yks.' ; w.Yks. * Going to teem a load o' coil, an' 
nobbud just vvcsh'd t'door-stans ! ne.Lan.' s.Lan.' To shoot out. 
as coals from a cart. Not.° Those men have teamed that load 
very quickly. s.Not. Me an' Jim 'II goo on the stack; but who'll 
teem to Ui ? (J.P.K.) Lin. Morton C)r/o. -^^nf. (1863). n.Lin.', 
se.Lin. (J.T.B.) Nbp. To teem the loaded corn, Clare Poems 
1 821) 92. 

Hence (i) Teamer, sb. the man who empties the grain 
from a laden cart to the slack ; (2) Teeming-hack, sb. a 
fork with teeth set at right angles to the sliaft, used for 
hauling stable manure out of a cart in the field. 

(i) Lin.' The teamer and the stacker are certain officials for 
whom work is plentiful during the harvest season. (2) Nhb.' 

5. Coaling term : see below. 

Nhb.' In loading ships with coals the contents of the waggons 
are said to be teemed down the loading spouts. Teemin bye, or 
teemin ower, is laying coals aside at bank instead of sendingthem 
away in waggons. Nhb., Dur. Teeming over or teeming bye, when 
trade is bad or wagons scarce, Nicholson Coal Tr. CI. (1888). 

Hence Teenier, sb. the man at a coal-shipping staith 
who lets the coals out of the wagons. 

Nhb. A teamer, named John Grierson, 29, of Monkwearmouth, 
was killed instantaneously whilst working at the Lambton drops. 
Sunderland, Newc.Dy. Cliron. (Mar. 22, 1900) ; Nhb.' Nhb., Dur. 
Nicholson ib. 

6. To pour molten metals into moulds. s.Yks. (W.S.) 
Hence Teemer, sb. the man who pours or 'teems' 

molten steel into the ingot-mould, ib. 7. To bale or dip 
out water by means of a bowl or scoop. 

Sc. (A.W.) Wmh. Teem out the boat (K.M.V Cor. Tregagle 
is a giant, condemned 'to team' out Dosmary Pool with a limpet 
shell, Flk-Lore Rec. (1880) III. 283; Cor." 

Hence Teeming-day, sb., obs., see below. 

Cor.^ Tliere was— twenty years ago — a day in Camborne when 
the 3'oung people flung cups of water at one another. It was 
called Teemin'-daj'. 

8. To drain the water off potatoes, &c. when boiled. 
S.Don. Simmons G/. (1890). w.Yks, (J. W.) Der. Team the laters 

or they'll be water squalled. Pour the water off the potatoes or 
they will be sodden (L.W.V 

9. To strike out a bolt from a bolt-hole with the aid of 
another bolt. Nhb.' 10. sb. A heavy downpour or 
long-continued fall of rain. Also used /iff. 

s.Sc. It s'all be a sooplin teem o' rain, T. Scott Poems {1793) 
366. Cld. (Jam.) Ir. Step in out of the teems of rain. Barlow 
Martin's Coiiift. (1896) 113. N.I.' I was out in a perfect teem. 
I. Ma. In the teems of tears and sobs. Brown IVilcli (1889) 146. 

11. A cart-load to be emptied. 

n.Yks.* 'An unheeasty teeam,' a cart load of materials which 
cannot be shot forth at once, but require taking out by degrees. 

12. adj. Empty. See Toom. 

Cal.' Elg. Is ycr muckle greybeard teem? Tester Pocxis (1865^ 
148. Abd. It I the house] o' sic a muckle jamb ... an' mair nor 
the tae half t '11 hae to Stan" teem, Alexander Ain Flk. (1882) 
134. Lnk. At length their purse grew bare and tim, Ewing Poems 
(1892) 13. Edb. Shaw's your pose ; Forseeth, my ain's but teem 
An' light this day. Fercusson Poems (1773) 132, ed. 1785. Rxb. 
Rustic brains thus teem o' rhymes, A. Scoit Poems (ed. 18081 15. 
Lakel.' Cum. He was as helpless as a teeam sack, Wauc.ii /.nte 
Cy. (1861) 186. Wm. Many hands make light wark, Many nioullis 
a teem ark (B.K.). 

13. Phr. to work teem, to work for nothing. 

n.Yks. Better sit idle then work teaum, Piov. in Meriton 
Praise Ale (1684) No. 22. 

14. Thin. Nhb.' He's varry teem leukin. 

|1. Tcmyn, or niakcn empty, vacuo, evaciio (Prompt.). 
Icel. Uriiia, tama, to empty (Vicfi:s.son).] 

TEEM, !'.«, sb.'^ and adj.'' Sc. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Der. 
Lin. Also written team N.Cy.* Yks. n.Lin.' ; and in 
form teeam n.Yks.* [tim ; tiani.) 1. v. Obs. To be 
pregnant ; to bring forth ; to produce in abundance. 
w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Siippl. (Jan. 5, 18891. [(K.)] Hence 
(i) Teeming, ppl. adj. of a woman: child-bearing, apt to 
bear children ; (2)Teeniing-tinie,s6.thc time of parturition. 

(i) N.Cy.* A teeming woman is still in use for one that is apt to 
bear children (s.v. Beam teams . w.Yks. Thoresby LeII. (1703) ; 
w.Yks.* (2) n.Cy. Grose (1790) MS. add. (C.) 

2. To overflow ; with up: to fill up to the brim. Also 

Inv. (H.E.F.) Edb. The least untentit, lowse spoke word, Gars 
them draw the ducUin' sword ; An' syne infuriate murder teems, 
Learmont Poems (.1791) 61. Feb. Wi' fury [he] teems. For 
being affronted here On sic a day, Linlomi Green (1685) 35, cd. 
1817. S.Lin. (C.K.) 

Hence Teeming-full, adj. full to running over, brimful. 
Cum." e.Yks.' MS. add. (T.H.) 3. sb. A large quantity, 
abundant supply. 

n.Yks.* 'There's a vvhent teeam on't,' a great quantity of it 
' Teeams o' fooaks,' a large assemblage. 
4. adj Obs. Full. 

Yks. If Brayton bargh, and Hambleton hough, and Burton 
bream Were all in thy belly 't would not be team, Ray Prov. 
(1678) 339. 

Hence Teemful or Teniful, adj. brimful, full to the brim. 

N.Cy.*, Cam.">, n.Yks.*, w.Yks.*. Der.*, Lin.', n.Lin.' 

[1. OE. tieiiiaii, to be pregnant (Sweet).] 

TEEM, K.3 and sb.^ Bnff.' [tim.] 1. v. With on : to 
beat with severity. 2. With on : to work with great 
energy and speed. 'They teemt on at the cuttan a' day.' 

3. sb. With on : a heavy beating. 
TEEMONEER, sb. Obs. Suf [Not known to our 

correspondents.] A naut. term: the man on the look-out. 

A sea term in common use among the Woodbridge seamen and 
prob. elsewhere (Hall.). 

TEEMS, see Tems(e. 

TEEN, sb., t;.' and ac/j. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. Chs. e.An. 
Also written tean Ayr. ; tene Sc. (Jam.) ; and in forms 
tein Sc. ; tynd Lnk. [tin.] 1. sb. Sorrow, grief 

Sc. Her (louchtrous heart near brast wi' teen. Jamieson Pop. 
Ballads 1,18061 I, 241. Per. In that hour o' tein. She wander'd to 
the dowie glen, And never mair was seen, Ford Harp (1893' 40. 
Ayr. The cause o' a' my grief an' tean. Is still thy shy disdain, 
Johnstone Poems (18201 125. e.Ltb. I, for dounricht teen, could 
greet I Mucklebackit Tf/ymes (18851 92. Gall. 1 have tried so 
mickle of bliss and teen, Crockett Standard Bearer (1898) 2. 
N.Cy.', Nhb.i 

2. Wrath, anger, rage ; vexation; revenge. 

Sc. He waxed wralh and vowed tein, Aytoun Ballads (ed. 
1861) I. 67. Bch. To gar me rise in sic a teen An' pit my tongue 
a-scabblin. Tauras Poems (1804 1 69 (Jam., s.v. Scabble). Ayr. 
Last day I grat wi' spite and teen. Burns Petition 0/ Briiar IVater, 
St. 3. Lnk. Ramsay /^ofi;j5 (1721) Gt. Rxb. In spite and teen 
the beldam mourns, A. Scott Poemsici. i8o8)ai. Chs.*3,e.An.' 

Hence Teenful, adj. wrathful ; troublesome, vexatious. 

Sc. Wept in teenfu' mood, Aytoun Ballads (cd. 1861) I. 25. 

3. See below. 

Chs. ' Good or fow teen,' good or bad taking (K.) ; Rav (1691) ; 
Chs.' ; Chs.* When any one is in misfortune or bad plight he is 
said to be in fow teen ; Chs.^ When any one has come to grief he 
is said to be ' in fouteen.' 

4. V. To trouble, vex ; to tease, worry. Sc. (Jam.), 
e.An.', Nrf.', Suf.' 5. adj. Obs. Angry. n.Cy. (K.), 
N.Cy.', w.Yks.' 

[1. Thus liveth fair Anclida the queue For fals Arcitc, 
that did hir al this tcnc, Ciiaucicr An. cH Arcite, 140. 
OE. /'OHrt, sutVerin^; injury, injustice. 4. OE. lienan, to 
irritate, annoy (B.'l.).] 




TEEN, V? Yks. Lan. Ken. Dev. Cor. [tin.] 1. To 
close, shut. See Tine, v? 

w.Yks. Teen th' dur to an" keep th' cowd eawt (D.L.). Lan. 
Hie tho' off. . . or th' dur may be teen'd, Waugh Chim. Contir 
(1874) 75, ed. 1879; Lan.', e.Lan.i s.Lan.i Hast teen't that dur? 
Dev.i Many many nearts I ha'n"t a teen'd my eyes vor thinking o' 
thee, 22. Cor.' 1 haven't teen'd my eye ; Cor.° 

Hence (1) Teening, sb., (2) Teening-time, sb. closing 
time, lighting-up time. 

(i) Dev.' Jist bevore candle-teening the passon peep'd in upon 
u.s, 18. (2) ib. 
2. Obs. To enclose or hedge a field. Lan. (K.) 3. To 
make a hedge with 'raddles.' Ken.'* Hence (i) Teenage, 
sb. wood suitable for raddling a hedge ; (2) Teened, ppt. 
adj. made with ' raddles ' ; (3) Teener or Tener, sb. a man 
who 'teens' or keeps a hedge in order; (4) Teenet or 
Teenit, sb., see (i). 

(I) Ken. (K.), (W.F.S.) (2) Ken.^ A teened hedge. (3) Ken.' 
(4) Ken. (W.F.S.) 
4. Fig. Of the moon : to wane, change. Dev.' 

[OE. tyiiaii, to fence, enclose ; to shut, close (Sweet).] 

'TEEN, mfe Sc. [tin.] An abbreviation of ' at even.' 
Also used siihst. 

Sc. Ye're aff your eggs for ance, gif ye ettle to come on us the 
'teen at unawares, St. Paiiick (1819) I. 168 (Jam.). Rnf. On 
Saturday teen I'll be there, Webster Tf/iymcs (1835) 7. Ayr. O 
wat ye what my minnie did On Tysday 'teen to me jo ? Burns 

wat ye. Lnk. Tryst their lasses to come yon' Twa houis on 
Furesday 'teen, Watson Poems (1853) 39. Gall. Mactaggart 
Encvcl. (1824) 484, ed. 1876. 

TEEN, see Teind, Tend, v.', Tine, z^.>. Time. 

TEENAME, TEEND, see To-name, Teind, Tend, v.'^ 

TEENGE, sb. Obs. Sc. (Jam.) A colic in horses. 

TEENS, sb. pl.^ Cum. I. Ma. Chs. [tlnz.j 1. Tens. 

I.Ma. Aw, have you known me these teens of years? Caine 
Man.xniati (1894) pt. v. xiii. Chs.^ Teens of pounds, 
2. Something over ten or twelve ; see below. 

Cum. The strokes hed oot-growen the'r ' teens,' an' wer' fast 
comin' to ' tys,' Burn Fireside Crack (1886) 9. Clis.' Something 
above ten. Gen. applied to money. ' What did So-andso get for 
his cow ? ' ' Au dunno know, but it wur i'th' teens.' 

TEENS, sb. pi.' Pern, [tlnz.] Hay-bands. s.Pem. 
Laws Lii/ie Enq. (1888) 421. 

TEENY, adj.^ In gen. dial, and colloq. use in Eng. 
and Amer. Also in form teenty w.Yks. se.Lin. Amer. 
[trni.] Sinall, tiny, minute ; also in comb. Teeny tiny. 
Teeny weeny. 

n.Cy. f J- W.) Cum.s That teenie lump o' land Is t'dearest grund 
. . . bowte, 83. w.Yks. Two sich little teenty hands i' little teenty 
gloves, Hartley C/ofA^//;;. (1880) 40; w.Yks.*'', e.Lan.' s.Lan.' 
A teeny, tiny, tinchy bit, 12. Chs.' s.Chs.' A little teeny-tiny 
tin. Midi. A tceney-wecney little critter she were at fust, Bar- 
tram Fco/>/c of Clapton (1897) 66. nw.Der.', Not.', Lin.', Lei.' 
War.* ; War.^ What a dear little teeny lamb. s.Wor. A teeny 
martal, . . as teeny as teeny, Outis Vig. Mon. in Berrow's Jrn. 
(1896). se.Wcr.' A little teeny apple. Stir.' It's a pretty babby, 
but a teeny-weeny thing, yo' met'n put it in a quart jug. Hrf. 
Bound Provinc. (1876). s.Wal. That teeny weeny crumb of 
comfort! Raine f Ws/i S"i^o- (3rd ed.) 289. Glo.',Oxf.' Brks.' 

1 awnly yetted a teeny-tiny bit on't but ut maayde I bad. e.An.' 
Nrf. A few teeny, witty little things, Emerson Wild Life {iQgo) 
17. I.W.' He's a poor little teeny buoy. w.Cy. Only teeny 
children and almost babies, Hare /J)ofe» ^)cs (1898) 47. Som. 
There was a gurt black rock wi' a teeny white chapel on it, 
Leith Lemon Verbena (1895) 165. Cor. A lot of teeny flags, Lee 
Paul Carah (1898) 107. [Amer. A teenty, teenty speck o' myrrh, 
Slosson fo.v^/ow (1898) 16.] 

TEENY, «(//■.* Lan. Fretful, fractious, said of a little 
child. (Hall.), s.Lan.' Sec Teen, sA. 

TEEOCK, sb. Sc. Also in form teeuck. [tiak.] The 
lapwing, Vanellus cristatiis. See Teuchit. 

Teeocks bleatin skimmed alang The gladsome yerth, Edwards 
Mod. Poets, 7tli .S. 246. [SWAINSON Birds (1885) 184.] 

TEEP, sec Tape, v.', Teap, sb.' 

TEEPLE, sb. and v. Abd. (Jam.) [Not known to our 
correspondents.] \. sb. A slight touch or stroke. 2. v. 
To touch or to strike lightly. 

TEER, V. Sc. n.Cy. Der. Lei. Nhp. Ken. Also written 
tear n.Cy. Lan.; tere n.Cy. Nhp.'; and in form tire Lan. 
[tia(r.] 1. OA5. To daub with clay. n.Cy. jK.), (Hall.) 
Hence Teer-wall, sb. a clay wall. Ken. (K.) 2. To 

smear, daub ; to spread ; to dirty. See Teery. 

Lei.' ' Teer the treacle,' spread it on bread. Nhp.' The child's 
face is teer'd all over with treacle. 
3. To stir the colours for block calico-printing. 

Rnf. A boy or girl employed to teer or stir the colour-sieve 
stretched on a frame at printworks, Wallace Sclwolmaster 
(1899) 354- nw.Der.' 

Hence (i) Teer-boy, (2) Tiring-boy, sb. a boy employed 
to stir the colours in printing cloth, &c. 

(i) Lan. Tear-boys were very common in Lancashire. Their 
duty was to attend upon a block printer by hand — one to each 
man, but as printing by machine was developed tear-boys had to 
find other employment (S.W.). (2) Lan. (Hall.) 

TEER, see Tear, v.\ Their. 

TEEREN, sb. Nhb.' [ti'ran.] The common tern, 
Sknia hirimdo. (s.v. Sea-swallow.) 

TEERIBUS, see Teribus. 

TEER 'WAR, int. Nhb.' A signal that men at the 
bottom of a pit are ready to ascend. 

TEERY, adj. Lei. Nhp. War. Shr. Cor. Also written 
teary Nhp.* Cor.'*; and in forms tary Cor.*; terry 
War.'* [tiaTi.] 1. Sticky, smeary; adhesive. See Teer. 

Lei.' Handling the sugar will make your hands teery. Nhp.' 
Handling moist sugar and plums will make the hands teery ; 
Nhp.2 The dressen them ship's made my hands teary. War.'^ 

2. Soft, smooth, mellow; soft like dough. Also used rt^z^i. 
Shr.' If yo' putten a spot o' 'ot waiter i' the churn, it'll mak' 

the butter work teery. Cor.'* 

3. Of the ground : easy to work. Also used advb. 

Shr.' The ground works nice an' teery after the fros'. Cor.* 
In mining, ground which is easily dugout, because of itsnumerous 
small joints or fissures. 

TEERY, see Teary, adj.'^ 

TEES, sb. pi. Cum. Yks. [tlz.] 1. Two small pins 
in the tail-board of a cart, which fit into corresponding 
holes in the ' ear-brig.' Cum.* See T. 2. Ties ; studs. 

w.Yks. Wee'U meh that arridges o' gode wi' tees o' silver, 
Littledale Crav. Sng. Sol. (1859) i. 11. 

TEESICKER, sb. Nhb.' Also written teeziker. 
[ti'zikar.] An overpowering quantity ; see below. 

When a man has got a task that overtaxes him, or an overdose 
of medicine or too much drink, it is said, ' He's got a teesicker." 

TEESIE, sb. Fif (Jam.) A gust of passion. Cf. 
teasy, 2. 

TEESSIT, sb. Bnff.' [ti'sit] The line first shot 
from a fishing-boat ; the man whose line is first shot. 

TEESTY-TOSTY, see Tistytosty. 

TEET, V. and sb. Sc. [tit.] 1. v. To peep ; to peep 
or pry in a sly, clandestine manner. Cf. toot, v.* 

Sh.I. Peerie Aandrew wis sittin' at Arty's side tryin to teet at 
Liza noo an' agen, Burgess Sketches (2nd ed.) 75. Cai.' Bch. 
I can leet an' hitch about, Forbes Ulysses {i-jB$) 36. Frf. Stowlins 
teetin' wi' a wishfu' e'e, Morison Poems (1790) 185. Per. Now 
like a timid fawn he teets Amang the woods, Stewart Cliaracler 
(1857) 120. 

Hence Teet-bo or Teetie-bo, sb. peep-bo ; a game at 
peep-bo. Also used attrib. and fig. 

Sc. (G.W.) BnlT. John Grumphie, teet, teet bo, O willawins, 
whare art thou, jo, Taylor Poems (1787) 181. Edb. Play teet-bo 
fra nook to nook, Fekgusson Poems (1773) 224, ed. 1785. 

2. sb. A stolen glance ; a peep. 

Sc. I saw Eppie stealin' a teet at him, Campbell (1B19) I. 33' 
(Jam.). Cai.' 

3. Fig. The smallest sound ; the least word. 

Bntr.' He sat i' the neuk wee a face as lang's a rehp, an' nae 
ae tcct cam oot o's hehd. 

TEET, adj. Or.L [tit.] Nimble. Ellis Prominc. 
(1889) V. 806. 

TEE-TAK-UP-O', sb. Cum. Lin. Also in form tee- 
tak'em-all n.Lin.' A teetotum. 

Cum.'(s.v. Dally) ; Cum.^ Ashap'standin'uplike a tee-tak-up-o', 
160; Cum.^, n.Lin. ' 

[So called because the player who spins the tcc-totuni 
so that the side marked T turns up, takes all the stakes. 




The sense of T-totum is the same ; from L. Iblwn, llic 
whole. Strutt Sports, bk. iv. iv. § 6] 

TEETAMATORTER, see Titter-totter. 

TEETAN.sA. Sh.andOr.I. [titan.] 1. The meadow 
pipit, Anthus pratensis. 

Or.I. [So called] from its short and feeble note, Swainson Bird-, 
(1885'! 45. 
2. The rock pipit, Aulhus obscurus. Sh.I. ib. 46. 

TEETAWTER, see Tittertotter. 

TEETEE, sb. Sc. Dor. A total abstainer, a teetotaller. 

Sc. (A.W.) Dor.Convertedvolksbegen'rallyteetees,AGNUsyrtM 
Oxber (1900) 317. 

TEETER, see Titter, v. 

TEETERY, see Tittertotter, Tittery. 

TEETH, sb. pi. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. 1. In co;/?/>.(i) Teeth-ache, toothache ; (2) -haler, 
a dentist ; (3) -rife, palatable, toothsome. 

(0 Sh.I. ' Oh ! ' gasped Geordie, ' it's dis confoundit teetlinchc,' 
NicoLSON AithsiM Hcdiler (1898) 14. e.Dur.' He's getteti the 
teethache. Nrf. For tecthache we rub the inside vvi' rum, 
Emerson Wild Life (1890) 96. [Amer. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 211.] 
(2)w.Cor.' (3") Rxb. (Jam.), Nhb.i 

2. Phr. (i) the tun of one's teeth, free board; see Run, 33; 

(2) to be after teeth, to be cutting teeth ; (3I to be naught but 
teeth and eyes, to be ill-favoured ; (4) to tiia/ce one's teeth riii 
water, to make one's mouth water ; (5) to tack one's teeth 
into anything; to set about it heartily. 

(il Ir. Other times 'twould be welcome to the run of its teeth 
in the field, Barlow Shamrock (1901) 252. (2") Dev. If he is 
after teeth, you rub his gums, Baring-Gould Idylls (1896) 19. 

(3) Wm. He's nowt but teeth-an-cen (B.K.). (4) Dwn. The smell 
o' them was makin" my teeth rin water, Lyttle Robin Gordon, 47. 
(5) Chs.<" (s.v. Tack). 

3. sg. A tooth. 

Cai.' Frf., e.Per. I've a sair teeth (W.A.C.). Ayr. What ! 
anither teethie through, Aitken Lays (1883") 133. Wgt. A big 
drainer . . . came to him to have a teeth pulled, Saxon Gall. Gossip 
(1878) 188. 

TEETH, see Teth, sb. 

TEETHE, V. Sc. Also in form teeth. 1. To fix 
teeth in a spiked instruinent. 

Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) Ayr. O merry hae I been teethin' a heckle, 
Burns Merry hae I been, st. i. Bwk. Out through the mark the 
arrows nevv,They teeth'd it like a harrow, W. Crockett yi/i>i5/)Ws>i 
(1893) 153. 

2. Phr. (i) fe /cf/Z/f/z/ioM, to makean impression on; (2) to 
teeth ivilh lime, see below. 

(i) Abd. (Jam.) (2) Sc. To build a wall either dry or with clay 
in the inside, using a little lime between the layers of stones 
towards the outside (Jam.). Fif. Stone walls teethed with lime, 
Statist. Ace. XI. 482 (Jam.). 

3. To face ; to venture out of doors. Also with out. 
Bnff.' They wirna aible t' teethe the blast. 

TEETHED, ppl. adj. Sc. Having teeth ; furnished 
with teeth. 

Dmb. A lang-teethed heckle. Cross Disruption (1844) xxiii. 
Ayr. The instrument used for reaping in our young days was the 
teethed sickle. White Jottings (1879) 49. 

TEETHFUL, sb. Sc. A toothful, a small quantity of 
any liquid. Cai.' To tak a teeth-fu'. 

TEETHING BANNOCK, sb. Sc. [titSin-banak.] A 
cake given to a child when first teething ; see below. 

ne.Sc. The teethin bannock . . . was baked of oatmeal and butter 
or cream, sometimes with the addition of a ring, in presence of 
a few neighbours, and without a single word being spoken by the 
one baking it. When prepared it was given to the child to play 
with till it was broken. A small piece was then put into the 
child's mouth if it had not done so of its own accord. Each one 
present carried away a small portion. Such a bannock was 
supposed to ease the troubles of teething, Gregor Fii-Lore (1B81) 
g. Bnff.i It must be given whole to the infant, who, as a matter of 
course puts it to its mouth and breaks it ; and herein lies the virtue 
of the bannock to render dentition easy. 

TEETHING-PLASTER, sb. Sc. A cake given to a 
child when first teething; the same as 'Teething-bannock' 
(q.v.). ne.Sc. Gregor Flk-Lore (1881) 9. 

TEETHLESS, (i(/y. Sc. Toothless. 

Cai. Yer slairvui', tetthlcss grannie, M'Lennan Ptas. Life 
(1871) H. 117. Per. Ho cannot use them all at once More than 
a teethless wife can gnaw hard bones. Smith Pochis (1714) 86, 
cd. 1853. Dmb. She would be owcr ninkled an' teethless by that 
time,. Strang /.(jss <//.f»«o.v (1899) 167. Edb. An auld teethless 
harrow, a brechem ring rent, Maclagan Poems (1851) 174. 
Dmf. 'Your bloodless check an' teethless mou", Johnston Poems 
(1820) 133. 

TEETHY, ad/. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Lin. Also written 
teathy w.Yks." ne.Lan.' s.Lan.' n.Lin.' [trtJi.] 

1. Fretful, fractious, ' tetchy,' gen. applied to children or 
infants. Cf. toothy. 

N.Cy.' (s.v. Teady). w.Yks.' Shoe begins to be vara tim'rous 
an keisty, an as teclhy as a stcg in a yate, ii. 291. Lin.', n.Lln.' 

2. Ill-tempered, peevish, cross; crabbed; pugnacious; 

Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) s.Sc. ' A teethy answer,' a tart reply (Jam.). 
Lnk. She was aye a terrible sherp teethy creatur'. Eraser 
IVhaups (1895) 157. Rxb. At his expense our teethy faes are fed, 
A. Scott Poems (ed. 1808) 160. n.Cy. Grose (1790). w.Yks. 
A question is asked whether the old man . . . will come down 
to-day, when the remark is, that he is very teethy, Hamilton 
Nugae Lit. (1841) 311 ; w.Yks.^*, ne.Lan.', s.Lan.', Lin.' 

3. Having many or large teeth ; biting; given to biting. 
Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) Rnf. With hero's heart and teethy jaw, 

Nane like him could badger draw, Webster Rhymes (1835) 136. 

TEETICK, sb. Sh.I. Also written tietick and in 
form teetuck. [ti'tik, -ak.] 1. The meadow pipit, 
Anlhiis pratensis. 

Aliuida pnileiisis. Tee-tick, Tit-lark, Edmondston Zetl. (1809) 
II. 236 (Jam.) ; Swainson Birds 1885) 45 ; S. & Ork.' 
2. The rock pipit, Anthus obscurus. Swainson ib. 46. 

TEETLIN, sb. Cai.' [trtlin.] 1. The meadow pipit, 
Anthus pratensis. 2. The rock pipit, A. obscurus. 

TEE-TOLLY, sb. Cum. Win. Also in form tee-tully 
Cum." [tl'-toli ; -tuli.] A teetotum ; a small top spun 
with the fingers. 

Lake!.', Cum. (J.D.) Wni. Make us a tee-tolly, please (B.K.). 

TEETOTAL, sb. Sc. Dur. Yks. Lan. Lin. Dor. Also 
written teetottle Dor.; and in form tee tot Rnf. [ti'totl.] 
A teetotaller, a total abstainer ; teetotalism, esp. in phr. 
to join or sign teetotal. Also used altrib. 

ne.Sc. Neither the ' teetotal,' nor the 'templars,' nor his pledge 
to Mr. Love had cured Scorgie, Green Gordonliaven (1887) 112. 
Per. I maun join the Teetotal, Stewart Character (1857) 149. 
Rnf. Tee-Tots vvi' their lecturing lash us, Clark Rliyntes (1842) 
16. Gall. They join teetotal because when they taste they gane 
mad wi't entirely, Irving Lays (1872) 230. Wgt. Teetotal will 
prevail in spile of all the durt in h — 1, Eraser Wigtown U877) 
308. Dur. ihoo'll hev.nee objection if I sign teetotal, Guthrie 
Kitty Pagan {igoo' 165. w.Yks. 1 J. W.) Lan. My owd grandam 
sent me out wi' th' teetotals on Whit Monday, Antrobus Wilders- 
moor (1901) 209. Lin. You know, mother, I'm a teetotal now 
(R.E.C.\ Dor. I'm tcclottle myself, Cornh. Mag. (Sept. 1900 1 308. 

TEETOTAL, adj. Sc. Irel. Lan. Chs. Amer. [tltotl.] 
Perfect, complete, entire ; used as an intensitive. 

n.Ir. The Divil knowin' ... his teetotal want av contrition, Lays 
and Leg. (1884) 69. s.Lan.' He's a teetotal foo'. 

Hence Teetotally, adv. totally, quite. 

Lnk. I'm doonricht teetotally bauld, Murdoch Doric Lyre ;i873) 
102. Lth. ' Darling' was, both for go and beauty, an out and outer, 
teetotally, LuMSDEN5/if('/i-/(fa(^(i892j 220. s.Lan.'. Chs. '^ [Amer. 
I'm teetotally ershamed of ye, Dave, Cent. Mug. (Mar. 18851 680.] 

TEETOTALLER, s6. Cum." The small tortoise-shell 
butterfly, Vanessa urtica. 

TEETOTUM, v. Dev. [trtotam.] To wheel or whirl 
about; to twist round. Also used y?^. 

There was times when he teetotummed round past Christian 
patience, Zack On Trial (i8gg) 131; He's been teetotuming in 
and out of the house the livelong day, ib. 46. 

TEE-TOUCH-'WOOD, sb. Obs. Lan. A children's 
game. See Tig, v. 

Another party engaged in the games of prison-bars, tee-tonch- 
wood, Thornber Hist. Blackpool (1837) 90. 

TEETY, TEEUCK, see Teaty, Teeock. 

TEEV, TEEVA, TEEVER, see Tiver. 




TEEVOO, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written tevoo. A male 
flirt. Sc. Mackay. Gall. Mactaggart Eiicycl. (1824). 

TEEWHEEP, sb. Or.I. Also in form teewhoap. 
The lapwing or peewit, Vaitelliis cristatiis. See also 
Tewit, &c. 

The Teewhoap, which from the sound it utters, has the liame 
of the teewhoap here, Barry Hist. (1805) 307 (Jam.); Swainson 
Birds (1885I 184 ; S. & Ork.i 

TEE-WHEET, TEEYUM, see Tewit, Toom. 

TEEZLE, V. Obs. n.Cy. In phr. to leezle wool, to pull 
it asunder with the fingers. Grose (1790). Cf tease, v. 2. 

TEFT, V. Hmp. Wil. [teft.] To try the weight of 
anything by poising it in the hand. Prob. a corruption 
of 'to heft." Cf. heft, I'.' 6. 

Hmp.' Wil. Teft this, wul ye ' Britton Beauties (iSas) ; Wil.i 
'What heft do j'ou think this bundle is?' 'I don't Itnow, let's teft it.' 

TEG, sb. In ffeii. dial, use in midl. and s. counties. 
Also in form tig Glo.' [teg.] 1. A yearling sheep 
before it has been shorn. Also in comb. Ewe teg. Wether 
teg. See Tag, sb." 

Sir, Der. (J.K.), Der.^, Not.' Lei.i A lamb becomes a 'teg' 
about the first Michaelmas after its birth, and remains so till after 
the second shearing. Nhp.' The Ewe or female lamb, after 
Michaelmas or going to turnips, till the first shear-day, is called a 
Ewe teg. The Wether or male lamb after Michaelmas is a Wether 
teg. The yearling sheep after shear-day is called a Teg (s.v. 
Sheep). War.sS'', s.War.', w.Wor.', s.Wor.i, se.Wor.i, Shr.i 
Glo. One o' the tegs wur a took middling, Buckman Darke's 
Sojoiiiii (1890) 138; (A.B.); GI0.12 Oxf.' MS. add. Brks.> 
Bdf. (J.W.B.); The winter keep of tegs, whether consisting of 
turnips or grass, Batchelor Agric. (1813) 93. Hrt. Ellis Mod. 
////s/>. (1750) IV. iv. w.Mid. (W.P.M.), Ken.', Sur.i Sus. Tegs, 
lambs of last yeaning. Young Annals Agric. (i 784-1815) XI. 197. 
Hmp.', Wil. (W.C.P.), n.Wil. lE.H.G.), Dor.» Som. Yo can buy 
good tegs and wethers at a half a crown a piece, Agrikler Rhymes 
(1872) 65. e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). w.Som.' [.Sheep bear 
the name of lamb until 8 months old, after which they are ewe 
and wether teggs until once clipped, Stephens Farm Bk. (ed. 
1849) I. 213.] 

Hence Teg-nian, sb. a shepherd. 

Wil.' I am a teg-man (or shepherd) in the employ of Mr. White, 
IVil. Cy. Minor (Oct. 28, 1892) 8, col. 5. 

2. The fleece of a yearling sheep. Also in comb. Teg's- 
wool or Teg-wool. 

Nhp.' The fieeces of the first shearings amongst wool-dealers 
are called indiscriminately Tegs or Hogs (s.v. Sheep). Shr.' The 
wool known as teg's-wool is distinguished by a little curl at the 
end, which that of an after-shearing never has. w.Som.' This 
word is not so often applied to the sheep as ' hog,' but more freq. 
to the wool — Teg-wool being the same as hog-wool, i.e. wool of 
a year and a half's growth. 

TEGGY, adj. Ess. Foggy, damp. (W.W.S.) 

TEGIOUS, TEGTAIL, see Tedious, Tecktail. 

TEH, sec Thee, pers. proiu, Thou, Thy. 

TEICHER, V. and sb. Sc. Nhb. Also in forms teigher 
Nhb.' ; ticher Sc. (Jam.); tieheer Nhb.'; tigher Bwk. 
(Jam.) [ti-xar, tixsr.] I. v. To ooze from the skin ; to 
distil almost imperceptibly. 

s.Sc. When the skin is slightly cut it is said to ' teicher and 
bluid' when the quantity of blood effused is scarcely sufficient to 
form a drop (Jam.). Bwk. Applied to blood and other liquids 
(li.;. Nhb.' Gen. used in the participial form, ' teicherin.' A 
newly-broken skin on which matter is just forming is said to be 
teicherin, as when maggots are on the skin of a sheep, or when 
a watery humour issues from a wounded place. 
'2. sb. The appearance of a fretted sore. Rxb. (Jam.) 

TEIDSOME, see Teddisome. 

TEIGHT, pp. Lnk. (Jam.) [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] Fatigued. 

TEIL, V. Obs. Wxf.' To ail, to be amiss. 

Fade teil thee, zo lournagh, co Joane, zo knaggee? [What ails 
you so melancholy, quoth John, so cross?] 84. 

TEIL, TEIM, TEIN, see Teal, sb., Teem, v.\ Teen, sb.' 

TEIND, sb. and v. Sc. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Also in forms 
teen Dmb. Ayr. n.Cy. Cuni.'=* ; teend e.Yks. ; tein n.Sc; 
tiend Sc. [tlnd, tin.| \. sb. A tithe ; a tenth part pay- 
able to the Church. Also usedT?.^'. 

Sc. It may be a grant of kirklands and teinds, Scott Nigel (1834) 

xxxi. Sh.I. To Urie the udallers came with the 'teinds' or tithes 
they had to pay, Jakobsen Dial. (1897) 4. n.Sc. There's nane 
that comes to gude greenwood But pays to me a tein, Buchan 
Ba/lcids {1B28) I. 235, ed. 1875. ne.Sc. Every seven years they 
[i. e. the P'airies] had to pay ' the tcind to hell,' and this they 
endeavoured to do by a human being rather than by one of 
themselves, Gregok Flk-Lore (1881) 5, e.Sc. Sooner or later 
they that follow the sea maun pay their teind. Strain Elnislie's 
Drag-net (1900) 208. Frf. The . . . parsonage teinds of the lands 
of Ifalcortowne and mill lands thereof, Wright Gideon Gntlirie 
(1900) 148. Dmb. He is raizin a plea against the laird for sum- 
thing they call the teens, Cross Disruption (1844) xiii. Ayr. 
Claiming out of the teinds an augmentation of my stipend, Galt 
Ann. Parish (1821) xxvii ; What would be the sense o' listening 
to lang sermons, payin' teens, and a' the rest? Johnston CUn- 
bucliie (1889) 100. e.Lth. The teinds didna belang to the kirk ava, 
but the nation, Hunter,/. Imvick (1895) 163. 

2. Comb, (i) Teind-barn, a tithe-barn ; (2) •collecting 
day, the day on which the tithes are collected ; (3) -free, 
exempt from the payment of tithes ; (4) -lamb, pig, &c., 
a tithe lamb or pig, &c. ; (5) .leath, see (ij ; (6) -sheaves, 
sheaves payable as tithes ; (7) -skate, obs., a skate or fish 
payable as tithes. 

(i) n.Cy. Grose (t79o\ Cum.'' (2'] Sh.I. Old teind-collecting 
day. Still noticed in Northmavine, il/(7Hso/('sSA. ^/;;;. (1893). (3) 
Sc. (Jam.) (4) Sc. His head mouldy, his tiend lamb and pig all 
scouthered, Magopico (ed. 1836) 16. (5) n.Cy. (Hall.), Cum.'* 

(6) Sc. An easy tack of the teind-sheaves, Scott Monasteiy (1820) 
xxxiii. Frf. The tiend sheaves, Wright Gideon Guthrie (1900) 
148. Lnk. The tiend-sheaves or parsonage-tiends of the foresaid 
lands of Kippelrig, Wodrow Ch. Hist. (1721) II. 76, ed. 1828. 

(7) Fif. He'd sooner fling them [fish] back i' the sea Than gi'e ae 
teind-skate to the bishop, Tennant Papistry (1827) 13. 

3. Phr. Court of Teinds, the court of law dealing with the 
tithes of the Established Church of Scotland. Also called 
Teind Court. 

Sc. When a clergyman considers his stipend too small, he may 
institute a suit in the Court of Teinds for having it increased, 
Outram L^'nes (1887) 75. w.Sc. He was also thoroughly up in 
the mysteries of the Teind Court, Macdonald Settlement (1869) 
65, ed. 1877. 

4. V. Obs. To tithe. 

Bnfr. From the time that teinding is finished, Cramond Culteit 
Ann. (1888) 97. Lnk. When their cornes are shorne, stoukd, 
dead, and dry. They cannot get them teinded, Lithgow Poet. Rem. 
(1618-60) Scotland's Welcome, ed. 1863. e.Yks. Not to suffer 
them [some fleeces] to be teended. Best Riir. Econ. (1641) 26. 

[1. ON. timid, a tithe. 4. thiiida, to pay tithes, or have 
one's property taxed for tithe (Vigfusson).] 

TEIND, see Tind, Tine, sb.\ v.^ 

TEIST, sb. Abd. (Jam.) [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] A handful. 

TEISTIE, sb. Sc. Nrf. Also in forms taiste Or.I. 
(Jam.); testie ne.Sc; tiestie Sh.I.; tyst(e S. & Ork.' 
Cai.' Nrf. ; tystie Sc. S. & Ork.' The black guillemot, 
Una grylle. 

Sc. Hear the maws and tystie's roar abune, Edwards Mod. 
Poets, 7th S. 248. Sh.I. He turned as fat as a tiestie and as round 
as a pellick, Stewart Tales (1892) 27; S. & Ork.' Or.I. Swain- 
son Birds (1885) 218; The taiste or black guillemote builds her 
nest in the cliffs. Statist. Ace. XX. 264 (Jam.). ne.Sc. The black 
guillemot {Uria grylle), or, as it is there called, the Testie, Smith 
Sea Fowls in Moray Firth, in Zoologist (1850) VIII. 2913. Cai.' 
Nrf. Cozens-Hardy Broad Nrf. (1893) 50. 

[ON. feist or feisli. Mod. N. teisie, the sea-pigeon, Uria 
i^rylle (Vigfusson).] 

TEITY, adj. s.Chs.' [tei'ti.] Squeamish. Also in 
comp. Teity-stomached. 

6e)z sii des-purt teyti-stiim-ukt, yu)kn gy'et nuwt uzdiiz forim. 

TEJOUS, see Tedious. 

TEK, s6. Sh.I. [tek.] A dog. See Tike, s*.' 

Tak' a hair o' the tek that belt dee, SPENCE/ (1899) 225. 

TEK, see Take, Teak, sb> 

TELEGRAFT, v. and sb. Sc. Yks. Lan. Not. Lin. Rut. 
Dor. Amer. Also written telegrapht Lin. ; and in forms 
talegrapht Not. ; talligraft s.Lan.' [te-li-, taligraft.] 
1. V. To telegraph. 

w.Yks. (J.W.), s.Lan.' Not. I never heard of talegraphting 




coffins, sir, Prior Renie (1895) 46. Lin. I'm not much for wriliii' 
so I went to tli' poust office an' she [post-mistress] telegraphtetl to 
him (E.P.). (Amer. He'll put in up above, and tclegralt to Boston, 
Ccnl. Mag. (Oct. 1902) 865.] 
2. sb. A telegram. Also used atirib. 

e.Sc. To send awa' a telcgraft message. Strain Etinslie's Diag- 
net (igoo) 370. Rut.' I recl<ons that the old beacon wur a telc- 
graft. It saj's in the history as how they was invented by Potelmy. 
Dor. I have had a graft, my dear, a telegraft, Francis Fiandtr's 
ll'iiiow (1 901) pt. II. i.x. 

TELESCOPE, i6. Yks. A kaleidoscope. n.Yks. (I.W.) 

TELEWAG, sb. Lan. Dor. Also in form taliwag 
e.Lan.' (teli-, taliwag.] A telegram; a telegraph wire. 

Lan. It ud cost him a deeal o' brass, I reckon, if he wur t'comc 
on th' telewag, Brierley Collets, xvii. e.Lan.' Dor. 'Tis tha 
[wires] da car the tclewags, Young Rnbin Hill (1867) i. 

TELFER, see Tilfer. 

TE-LICK, adv. Cum. In phr. te-lick, te-smack, as fast 
as possible, ' helter-skelter.' 

It's Robbie ; . . te-lick, te-smack. . . They are coming down 
jumping, leaping, flying, Caine Shad. Cfiine (1885) 301 ; Cum.' 
Gen. applied to persons in the act of running ; Cum." 

TELL, V. and sb. Var. dial, forms and uses in Sc. 
Irel. Eng. and Amer. [tel.] L v. Gram, forms. 1. 
Preterite: (i) Tald, (2) Tau'd, (3) Taul, (4) Tauld, (5) 
Tawld, (6) Teld, (7) Tailed, (8) Tell't, (9) Telt, (10) Tild, 
(II) Tele, (12) Tolth, (13) Toould, (14) Toud, (is) Toul, 
(l6)Tould,(i7)Towd, (i8)Towld,(i9)Towlt,(2o)Twould. 

(i) Sc. (Jam.) Ayr. He tald mysel. Burns Dr. Blac/.-lock {i-}Sg) 
St. 2. Lth. 1 tald to her the hale affair, Thomson Fof»(5 (1819) 28. 
Edb. I . . . tald her a' my pain, Macaulay Poems (1788) 122. (2) 
Dwn. A tau'd ye this wudbe yer game, Savage-Armstrong Brt/Zorfs 
(1901) 119. (3) ne.Sc. Here's the man it taul a', Gregor Flk-Lore 
(1881) 14. Abd. He taul' me that it sent them up, Ale.kander 
Johnny Gibb (1871) xi. (4) Sc. (Jam.) ; My father tauld me sae 
forty years sin^ Scott Midlothian ( 1818) viii ; Murray Dial. (1873) 
208. Kcd. The shepherd tauld his queerest tale, Jamie Effusions 
(1849) 55. Ayr. The Souter tauld his queerest stories. Burns 
Tarn o' Shanler (1790) 1. 49. Gall. ScoTT Gleanings (i88i) 53. 
Dwn. Nivver een in fiel' or toun Tauld a love sae deep as they, 
Savage-Armstrong Ballads (1901) 25. (5) Dev. He tawld me 
'bout it, PHiLLpoTTsS/n*m^//oMcs (1901) 52. (6) w.Yks. Wright 
Gram. IVndhll. (1892) 142. Der.^, Not.', Lei,', Hnt. (T.P.F.) 
(7") Sc. Murray Dial. (1873) 208. Sh.L Young Lovvrie Legaboot 
tell'd me sae, Stewart Tales (1892) 71. Per. I tell'd ye afore, 
Sandy Scott (1897) 86. Twd. I don't know who felled you, 
BuciiAN JVealher {i6()o) 93. Slk. I telled her the storj", Thomson 
Druninieldale (1901) 19. Dmf. My mither tell'd me, Shennan 
Tales (1831) 158. n.Cy. (J.W.) Nhb. She tell'd how after o the 
grandeur oh this it mhead ne mater, Bewick Tyneside Tales (1850) 
14. Dur.>, n.Yks.s, ne.Yks.' 35, e.Yks.' w.Yks.> He telld me, ii. 
319 ; w.Yk8.34 Lan. I just telled Williams I'd had enough, i.ow.g'- 
iHriH's A/n^. (Feb. 1890) 395. s.Lan.', Der.' Not. I telled her so, 
Prior Forest Flk. (1901) 17. n.Lln.' Th' almanac man tell'd me 
on it. se.Lin. (J.T.B.) sw.Lin.' He tell'd me so his sen. Nhp.', 
s.Wor. (H.K.) Slir., Hrf. The common usage. Bound Provinc. 
(1876). Glo. I telled un, Buckman Darke's Sojourn (1890) ii. 
Oxf.' She only laughed when I telled her that (G.O.). Brks.' 
Dor. Her telled I she mun go over to the doctor. Hare Dinah 
Kellow (1901) 19, Dev. Her telled she her shudd'n du't, BowRiNG 
Lang. (1866) 27. Cor. I tell'd un that night, Harris Wheal Vcor 
(igoi) 59. [fi) Cai.' Abd. Gien ye tell't mc, that wad mak a' the 
differ, Macdonald Sic Gibbie (1879) xxvi. Per. He tell't me 
yestreen, Aitken Enoclidhu (1901) a6. Lnk. Wha tell't it the 
road? Nicholson Idylls (1870) 16. Gall. I tell't my way o't, 
Galloiidian (1901) II. 123. Nhb. The yen I tell't ye aboot. Pease 
Mark 0' Deil (1894) 134. Dur. She tell't mc to do that too, 
Longman's Mag. (Oct. 1896) 586. (9) Ayr. Dr. Congalton telt the 
schulemaister, Johnston Congalton (1896) 10. Wgt. Don't say 
that A telt ye, Fraser Wigtown (1877) 84. Cum.^ Willie furst 
telt them, 43. Wm. He lelt her what ed happened, Briggs 
Remains (1825') 140. n.Yks. 2, ni.Yks.', n.Lan.', s.Not. (J.PK.) 
(10) m.Yks.' Introd. 49. (11) Der. I want the gowd, as Dick tole 
ye, Ouida Puck ^ed. 1901) vii. Dev. He .. . tole me to come an" 
let 'ee knaw, Norway Parson Peter (1900) a8. [Amer. He tole 
me to go 'long home, Johnston Middle Georgia (1897) 159] (la) 
Wxf.' (13) I.W.' (14) e.Lan.' Der. I tou'd hur that I lov'd hur, 
M.A. Poems (1668) 29. Shr., Hrf. Bound Provinc. (1876). Sur. 
I toud a chap, Bickley Sur. Hills (1890) II. xv. (15") Don. His 
mother foul' him to go out, MACMANUsB(H(/q//?o(7(/(i898)44. 16) 

Ir. If you tould him. Barlow Martin's Comp. (1896) 17. Cor. He 
tould th' ould doctor, Harris Wheal Veor (1901) 170. (17) Lan. 
Aw towd the captain misel, Clegg David's Loom (1894) 157. 
s.Lan.' Der. As I lowd yo' afore, Gilchrist Peaktand (1897') 35. 
Lin. An' a towd ma my sins, Tennyson A^. Farmer, Old Style 
(1864) St. 3. Shr. Todley Turn was a good while afore he towd 
him, Burne Flk-Lore (1883) xiv. Nrf. I up and I towd missus. 
Spilling Molly Miggs (1903) 9. (18) Ir. "The story ye towld us 
vvanst about the Indian custom, Blackw. Mag. (Aug. 1822) 197. 
Yks. Mind what thee father towld thee. Dyke Craiktrees (1897) 23. 
( 19' Ir. I towlt them that I found it in wan o' the volumes, Blackw. 
Mag. (Aug. 1822) 197. (20) Wil. Slow Gt. (1892). 

2. Pp.: (i) Taul, (2) Tauld, (3) Teld, (4) Telled, (5) 
Tellen, (6) Tell't, (7) Telt, (8) Tild, (9) Toad, (10) Tohd, 
(11) Toul, (12) Towd, (13) Towld, (14) Twold. 

(i) Abd. I've taul ye aft ancuch, Murray Hamewith (1900) 85. 
(2) Sc. A' the truth shou'd na be tauld, Ramsay Prm". (1737). 
Frf. Come in whan ye're tauld, Reid Hcatherland (1894) 61. 
Ayr. I'm tauld ye're driving rarely, livrnts Dieam (1786) st. 10. 
Gall. There talcs were tauld, Scott Gleanings (1881) 53. (3) 
n.Yks. Sum kahnd frinnd had teld him, Castillo Pofms (1878) 
19. w.Yks. Wright Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 142. Lan. She can't 
bide to be teld of her fauts. Eavesdropper Ki7/. Z.i/c (i869"i 79. 
e.Lan.', Der.«, Not,', Lei.' (4) Sc. Murray Dial. (1873) 208. 
Fif. I had no sooner telled her, Meldrum Grey Mantle (1896) 
292. Twd. Let it be telled a' ower the toun. Buchan Burnet 
(1898' 150, Nhb. If I'd telled ye that he'd tummled into the burn, 
Lilburn Bordeier fi896) 335. Dur.', ne.Yks.' 35, e.Yks.', 
w.Yks."^* Lan. Tales 'at aw've alreddy telled, Standing 
Echoes (1885) n. s.Lan.' Der. She's telled tha play-actors, 
OuiDA PiicA (ed. 190O viii. Lin. Moother 'ed tell'd ma to bring 
tha down, Tennyson Owd Rod (1889'). n.Lin.', sw.Lin,', Nhp.^ 
Glo. I've telled Michael, Gissinc Fi//. Hampden (1890) I. i. 
Brks.' e.Sus. Gin you'd telled that chap, Longman's Mag. 
(July 1898) 26r. Dev. The secret what he hed so careful telled 
to me. Pall Mall Mag. (Feb. 1900) 158. (5) w.Yks.* (s.v, 
Shotten). e.Dev. Look'ee, have thee tellen she on't ? Jane 
Lordship (1897) 226. (6) Cai. Noo 'at I've tell't ye a', Horne 
Countryside {iSg6) 127. Ayr. She was tell't to tak her wither- 
shins nine times through a hesp o' unwatered 3'arn, Service 
Notandnms (1890) 100. n.Ir. A wush ye had a tell't me suiner, 
LvTTLE Paddy AfcQuillan, 13. Wm. I've tell't thee afoor, Ollivant 
Owd Bob {legS) 19. (7) Slg. I'm telt he gaed straucht to the 
polls office, Febgusson Village (iSgji) '35- Ayr. She jealoused 
that I had telt you. Galt Gilhaise (1823^ xvii. Rxb. I'm telt 
there's naebody that'll bide intil't, Dibdin Borrfo-iyt (1897) 15. 
Uls. You might have telt me sooner, Hamilton /?o^(i896i hi. 
Nhb. Aw've telt the young cheps, Robson Bk. Ruth (i860) xi. 9. 
Cum. By Jingo, somebody's telt ye, E. C. News (Apr. 15, 1893) 8. 
n.Yks. Ah've telt tha all as fused tebe, Tweddell Clevel. Rhymes 
('875) 5. n.Lan. I've telt you before partly what there is, Wilson 
Bacca Queen (i^oi) g. (8) m.Yks.' Introd. 4a. (9) Ess.* (10) 
n.Lin.' (11) n.Ir. I've been toul' By oul' Widdy Gallagher, Lays 
and Leg. (1884I 5. (is'i s.Lan.' se.Lan. Dunna let on as Aw've 
towd yo', Conih. Mag. (Dec. 1898) 839. Der. As I've been towd, 
Gilchrist Nicholas 1,1899) 7. (13) Sur. So I'se bin towld, 
BiCKLEY Sur. Hills {iBgo) I. xiii. Cor. I've towld the passon 
mine, dame, Blackw. Mag. (Jan. i86a) 7. (14) Glw. That story 
is asy twold, Barrington Sketches (1830) HI. xvii. Dor. I've 
twold nobody down to Barleigh about it, Agnus fan O.xber 
(igoo) 172. 

II. Dial. uses. 1. v. In phr. (i) d'ye tell o't! an excla- 
mation of surprise, ' you don't say so ! ' (2) tiot to tell, not 
to be told, not to be surmised or guessed at ; (3) tell me .' 
see below ; (4) tell thee, or / tell tliee, what, an expression 
used to commence a statement ; see below; (5) tell your 
Sam, to put to one's account when ready money is not 
given ; (6) to tell a speech, to say a sentence or connected 
phrase ; (7) — n tale, (a) to produce an eflect, to have 
consequences ; (b) to answer well, to have a good effect ; 
(8) — a tell, to say a word, to speak ; (9) — in, to fill up ; 
(10) — of, to give evidence of, used jig. ; (11) — 011, [a] to 
inform against, betray ; to tell tales ; (b) to speak of; (12) 
— cite his own, to speak freely; (13) —one's name, used 
with «(■.?■. ; see below; (14) — out, to exorcise, to remove 

by spells or charms; (15) — the bees, to inform the bees 

of the occurrence of a death in the family : see Bee, sb.'- 
1.2(8); {16)— to, {a) to tell about ; to speak uf a thing from 

personal knowledge ; (b) to tell any one where to find a 




thing; (17) —up, (a) to relate, to narrate with some idea 
of exaggeration underlying ; also used siibst. ; {b) to con- 
fess ; (18) — up stuff, to talk nonsense. 

(i) Dor. 'And 'a can play the peanner, so 'tis said.' . . . ' D'ye 
tell o't ! A happy time for us, and I feel quite a new man !' 
Hardy Madding Crowd (1874) vi. (2) w.Yks. It isn't to tell what 
tha'd du if tha fan thisen in a reight tight corner, Leeds Mere. 
Siippl. (Dec. 10, 1898). (3) w.Som.* This is a mere asseveration 
and implies a challenge to contradict the speaker. It usually takes 
the form ' Nif 'tidn zo and zo, or Nif thick fuller idn a fool, tell me ! ' 
(4) w.Yks. Ah'll tell tha what! mah beleeaf is that if too disn't 
mend thoo'll cum ti gallas, Leeds Merc. Siippl. (Apr. 25, 1891). 
Brks. Hayden Round our Vill. (1901) 30. w.Soni.' A very 
common beginning to a statement, either of bucolic wisdom or of 
angry dispute. ' Aay tuul- ee haut tai'z ! yiie mus ai-t zum 
moaurbee'f-m tae'udeez fuust' [you must eat some more beef and 
potatoes first, i.e. wait till you are older — a very common phrase]. 
' I tell ee hot 'tis, I do zee purty plain, you've a got a darn sight 
more guts-n brains.' (5) Lan. A quart of ale, Mary, and tell yo'r 
Sam, Brierley Out of IVork, i. (6) Dev. Her [an infant] can 
talk, but her ca'nt tell a speech, Repotis Provinc. (1885) no. 
(7, a) Sli.I. Dis pain 'ill tell a tale yet, Stewart Tales (1892) 42. 
s.Lan.' It's beginnin' for t'tell a tale, 18. (i) n.Lin.' 1 guanner'd 
sum o' my sweades, an' gev t'uthers noht bud manner, an', my 
wod ! th' guanner duz tell a taale ! you maay see wheare it's gone 
to a inch. (8) Ir. But niver a tell she'll tell onless she happens to 
take the notion in the quare ould head of her. Barlow Liscomiel 
(1895) 10. (9) n.Yks. Apples tells in fast (I.W.). (10) w.Som.i 
Wuul ! yiie aa'v udras* dhik vee'ul u graewn praupur, ee'ul 
luul- oa ut piirtee kwik, aa'l wau'rn un [Well ! you have dressed 
that field thoroughly, it will show the effects of it very quickly, 
I'll warrant it]. Dev. Repoiis Provine. (1882) 22. {11, a) Abd. 
Ye winno tell on's ? Abd. IVkty. Free Press (Oct. 12, 1901). Frf. 
1 had vexed him by my lang silence. I wadna tell on ye, Paton 
Jiiveresk (1896) 126. Edb. Bobe . . . used to get mair than his fair 
share o' the tawse as it was, without my tellin' on him, Campbell 
Dedie Jock (iSg-j) 16. w.Yks. But isteead o' tellin' on ma, he 
took ma tul a glass, Speight Craven Highlands (189a) 144. Lan. 
(F.R.C.) Lon. Don't tell on me this time, /Vo^/c (Sept. i, 1889) 
6. [Amer. She made him promise he'd never tell on her. Cent. 
Mag. (Jan. 1883'! 369.] (4) w.Yks. ' Wor ther a lot o' fowk at 
t'funeraU' ' Nowght to tell on,' Leeds Merc. Sitppl. (Dec. 10, 
18981. Lan. In days that owd folk tell on, Harland & Wilkin- 
son F«-Ao;v (1867) 60. (i2)Dor. (W.C.) Cor. The first Monday 
after Twelfth-day . . . young people . . . disguised, . . visit their 
neighbours in companies, where they dance, and make jokes upon 
what has happened during the year, and every one is humorously 
' told their own,' without offence being taken. Hunt Pop. Rom. 
ui.Eng. (1865)392, ed. 1896. (13) Don. I would't tell me name 
for the couple o' scraps he's peggin' on them [boots]. Hoots ! ay, 
indeed! Macmanus /Jc/irf o/"7?oa(/ (1898) loi. (14) Sh.I. Burning 
and toothache were ' told out ' by uttering over the patient 
certain formulas of words in Norse, only known to the speaker, 
Si-ENCE Fti-Lore {i8gg) 158; Persons who professed the jiealing 
art, such as 'telling oof toothache or ringworm, il>. 26; The 
religious charmer of Shetland would mutter some words over 
water, in imitation of the practice of the Catholic priest, and the 
elementwas named 'forespoken water' : ..boatswerethensprinkled 
with it, and limbs were washed with it, for the purpose of telling 
out pains, Hibbert Desc. S/i. /. (1822) 272, ed. 1891. (15) Wm. 
(B.K. !, Hrf. (E.M.W.) Sus. Longman's Mag. (July 1889") 269. 
(16, a) Not.' Lei.' Will you tell the master to this threepence? 
' Had you ever seen defendant before ?' ' Not as Ah could tell 
tew.' War.3 (A) s.Chs.' (17, a) Oxf. No time to hearken to 
any such tell-up, Blackmore Cripps (1876) vii. Wil.' I mind 
thur wur a lot on 'em thur from Ca'an [Calne] as wur a tellin' up 
zuch tales as was never about the Cannin's vawk, 214. Dor. Do 
ee tell oop how it all corned about. Hare Vi It. Street {iZg$) 124. 
Som. I don't listen to all everybody do tell up, Raymond Sam 
and Sabina (1894) 95. e.Dev. Some of which letter may have 
been a mere telling up, but no matter, Jane Lordship (1897) 310. 
Cor. You could tell that up in Devonshire, a Cornish equivalent 
for telling things ' to the marines,' Cahill Wheat Certainty (1890) 
105. (A) Dor. I can't bear et no longer ; I mun tell up what 
a wicked lass I've a-bin. Hare Dinah Ketlow (1901) 250. (18) 
w.Som.' ' Do not talk nonsense ' is usually ' Don't tell up such stuff.' 

2. Comb. (1) Tall-clack, (2) -clat, (3) -pie or -pye, (4) 
•pienot, (5) -piet or -piot, (6) -pie tit, a tale-bearer; (7) 
•post, a direction or finger-post; (8) -tale, the engine- 
man's index as to the position of the cage in the shaft 

when winding ; (9) -taler tit, (10) -tit or -tale tit, see (6) ; 
in gen. colloq. use. 

(l)Nhp.i,Hnt. (T.P.F.) (2^ n.Lin.', se.Lin. (J.T.B.) (3) n.Yks. 2, 
ne.Yks.' e.Yks. Marshall 7?;/)-. Econ. (1796) II. 351. m.Yks.', 
w.Yks.'s (4) in.Yks.' (5] Cai.l GaU. Its a lee, I'm no! Ye 
wee tell-piet, wait till I get ye oot ! Crockett Banner of Blue 
(1902) iv. N.Cy.' (s.v. Tale-pie). Nhb.', n.Yks.'24_ ne.Yks.', 
m.Yks.' (6'1 e.Yks.', m.Yks.' w.Yks.^ Children about Doncaster 
say: 'Tell Pie Tit Laid an egg and couldn't sit.' w.Yks. 5 (7) 
Nhp.' (8) n.Stf. (J.T.) (9) w.Sora.' Tuul-tae-ulurtee-t. (10) 
w.Sc. He was greeted by cries of 'Clip-cloots! Clip-cloots! ' and 
' Tell-tale tit. Your tongue shall be slit, And every little dog shall 
have a little bit,' Wood Farden Ha' (1902) 197. w.Yks. ^, Lan.', 
e.Lan.', s.Lan.', s.Clis.' s.Stf. Tell-tale-tit, His tongue shall be 
slit, And every little dog shall have a little bit, Pinnock Blk. Cy. 
Ami. (1895). n.Lin.', Nbp.', Oxf. (CO.), Oxf.» MS. add., Lon. 
(A. B.C.), Dev.3, Cor.' 

3. To count ; to reckon up. Also with on and over. 

Sc. He . . . pulled out a small bag of gold and . . . proceeded to 
tell out the contents, Scott j\ '/§•<-/ (1822) iv. Frf. They tell'd ilka cut 
[of yarn] that they ty'd up, Piper of Peebles ( 1 794) 7. Rxb. Now ye'U 
hae less [money] to tell, Wilson Pofx/s (1824) 5- Cum. Our butter 
tells to fourteen pun, Blamire Poems (1842) 215. n.Yks. (T.S.) ; 
n.Yks.' ; n.Yks.'' Tak tent o' thah brass an tell 't. ' Tell'd ower," 
countedortold; n.Yks.'', e.Yks.' ni.Yks."Goandtelltheewelambs 
over; I am afraid one of them is missing.' 'I can'ttellonthemnow; 
it's ower dark.' w.Yks. (C.C.R.) Lan. So the moneys collected 
was told, WALKDEN£l;Virv(ed. 1866) 21 ; (S.W.) War.3 w.Wor. 
We'll tell them over, S. Beauchamp N. Hamilton (1875) I. 258. 
Glo. Have you told the sheep? (A.B.) Brks.' Tell them ther ship 
'ooU 'e an' let I knaw how many ther be on um. e.An.' Nrf. 
Doan't yow tell yer chickens afore yer hatch 'em, Patterson Man 
and Nat. (1895) 123 ; iW.R.E.) Suf. Did you tell the clock when 
it struck? (M.E.R.); Suf.' Ess. I told the clock every hour of 
the night (W.W.M.). Ken.' Here's the money, will you tell it 
out on the table? Sur.' Sus.' Otherwhiles I be forced to tell 
the ship over six and seven times before I can get 'em right. Hmp.' 
s.Hmp. I told the clock, I believe, every hour all night, Verney 
L. Lisle (1870) xiii. Som. (F.A.A.) w.Sora.' Haun yiie bee 
aak'st oa'urt, muyn yiie au-vees tuul vuyv voaT yiie du spai'k 
[When you be asked anything, mind you count five, before you 
speak]. Cor.'23 

Hence Teller, sb. a counter, one who counts. 

Nrf. Merchants, fishermen, tellers, &c., &c., . . all of "em gettin' 
more or less benefited by one little fish, Patterson Man and Nat. 
(1895I 128. 

4. To pay or pay down ; to count down in payment. 
Also with (ioivn. 

Sc. If telling down my haill substance would have saved her, 
Scott Midlothian (1818) x. Bch. They must tell down good five 
pounds Scots, Forbes Dominie (1785) 31. Frf. She down the 
clink did tell, Morison Poems (1790) 21. Per. He would have 
felled doun twelve pounds Scots, Spence Poems (1898) 192. Som. 
Biddlecombe drew a bag from his pocket and told the money out 
in gold, Raymond Gent. Upcott (1893) ii. 

5. Torecognize; to distinguish, know; in ^c«. colloq. use. 
Frf. A braw cork leg that canna be telt frae flesh an' bluid, 

WiLLOCK Rosetly Ends (1886) 6, ed. 1889. n.Cy. (J.W.) n.Yks. 
Ah couldn't tell him so far off (I. W.); n.Yks.* ne.Yks.' Them's 
varry good 'uns ti tell. e.Yks.' MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks.' I 
couldn't tel! him, an I sa him, ii. 192. e.Lan.' s.Lan.' He conno' 
tell a bitter-bump fro' a gill-hooter, 34. n.Lin.' Oxf.' MS. add. 
Hnt. (T.P.F.), w.Som.i 

6. To remember; to recall to mind. 

Cum.' 1 can tell sen' ther' was n't sec a thing as a shorthorn : 
Cum." w.Yks.' I can tell sin there war naa turnpike ower't moor. 

7. To repeat ; to say by heart. 

Cor.' Can you tell your lessons ? Cor.3 ' Can 'ee tell your ABC 
yet, Willie ? ' To tell the Lord's prayer. 

8. To talk, speak, say. 

Dor. What you told about = spoke about (G.M.M.). w.Som.' He 
do tell in his sleep terble. Do what I wid I couldn' get'n vor to 
tell a word. Dev. 'e's behind telling tii Mr. Baker, Hewett Peas. 
Sp. (1892) 21 ; Dev.' A told way en as thoft a war telling to a 
Christian, 2. n.Dev. There's no direct to hot tha tell'st, Exm. 
Scold. (1746) I. 150. nw.Dev.' Cor. What are 'ee a-tellen of? 
Lee Widow IVoman (1899) 34. 

9. To advise, warn ; to give advice ; to scold, reprove ; 
to 'give a piece of one's mind.' 

Win. He's that masterful he woan't be towd, Ward Helbeck 




(1898) loi. w.Yks. He's gctlin a pcfliiig cougli llial yc could 
hear fro' this to Lancashire, but he willun't be telU-d, Sutcliffe 
S/in)iirltss ll^ayne (1900') 170. s.Not. When I seed 'im again I did 
tell 'im (J.P.K.). Oxf.' Her wunt be tellcd, MS. ndil. 

10. To sentence, condemn. 

Dev. I seed a high judge to Exeter. An' 'twas at the 'Sizes ; 
an' he told a man for hanging, PmLLroTTS Sons 0/ Moniiiig {\goo) 


11. To touch bottom when bathing, iS:c. 

Cor.' Is it deep where you are or can you tell ? The boat sunk 
close in, where you could tell. 

12. sb. pi. Rhymes used by children to determine who 
is to commence any game. 

Nhp.* Those who are going to engage in the play stand in a 
circle, or a line, and one of the number repeals a 'tell,' touching 
each play- mate in succession with the fore finger as she repeats 
each word, spelling the last, and the one whom the last letter falls 
to is to commence the game, or to preside over it. 

13. A talk, conversation ; gossip, chat ; tidings, news. 
Also in phr. to hear tell. See also Hear, v. II. 1 (9). 

Sc.(A.W.) Cum. Is warn you'll aw hevh'ard tell o' Billy Brannan, 
SiLrHEO Billy Bramian (,1885) 3 ; Cam.' n.Yks.^ I've heear'd ncea 
tell (s.v. Heard). w.Yks. ' Have you heard any tell of my lad ? ' 
'There's no tell yet' ^C.C.R.). Lan. 'Ud flay ony wick soul to 
yer tell on, Harland & Wilkinson Flk-Lore (1867) 62. n.Lin.' 
We tallygraphted to Doncaster, bud can't hear no tell on him. 
Lei.' ' Nivvcr 'eerd tell o noo sooch a thing,' means ' I never heard 
anything of the kind,' and ge)i. implies further, ■ and I don't 
believe it.' Brks.' e An.' I' ha' never heard tell on. Sur.' I 
hadn't heerd no tell of it. Dev. I'm very much wantin' to have 
a tell with 'e, Phillpotts So)ts of Mormitg (1900 1 205 ; Kom een 
an' ha' a tell wan artcrnoon (R.P.C.). [Amer. As near's I c'n 
make out Cm Dave's tell, he must 'a' been red-headed, Westcott 
Dai't'd Harutn (1900) xxx.] 

TELLABLE, adj. Sc. Yks. [telabl.] 1. Fit to be 
told ; used with iici;. Cai.' 2. Distinguishable, easily 
recognized, conspicuous. n.Yks.'^ e.Yks.' Vl/S. rt^iW. (T.H.) 

TELLE. V. Dev. [Not known to our correspondents.] 
To cat hastily. (Hall.) 

TELLER, see Tiller, v. 

TELLERS, 56. /i/. Nhb. Lei. The successive strokes 
on a church bell, rung as a toll for the dead. 

Nhb.' It is usual at village churches to knell the sex of an adult 
by nine strokes for a man, or six strokes for a woman, repeated 
on each of three bells. For a child three strokes arc given and 
similarlj- repeated. Then follow a number of strokeson the treble 
bell to indicate the age, each stroke counting one year. Lei. At 
Frisby and elsewhere these tolls [for the dead] are called 'tellers,' 
and it has been suggested that the old saying ' Nine tailors make 
a man' is a corruption of a saying arising from the thrice three 
tolls or ' tellers ' at the close of the passing bell, — 'Nine tellers 
mark a man,' North CIniich Bells in N. (f Q. (1877) 5th S. vii. 164. 

TELLGENCE, s6. Obs. Wxf.' Also in form talligence. 
Tidings, news, 'intelligence.' 

TELLIF, sb. Ob.'ol. Shr.' A thick tangled crop, said 
of weeds. 

I shall 'ave a pretty job to 'aw them tatoes— theer's a fine tellif 
o' weeds. 

TELLING, /r/i. and sb. Sc. Irel. Yks. Lan. Stf. Dev. 
Also in form talin Sh.I. 1. pip. In phr. lo be lelling, to 
be to the advantage of; to have effect ; sec below. 

Sc. It was tcllin' him that he did as ye did. It had been muckle 
tellin' ye that ye had bidden at hainc, i.e. it was or it had been to 
his or your advantage, &c. (Jam.) ; Raymondsholm is blithe ancuch 
for me, and it wad hae been telling some that are now safe frae 
skaith gin it never been blither, Coispntyick (1822) II. 8 
(Jam.). Sh.L A'm no tinkin 'at dey'U be muckle talin apo da kyc 
whin der gotten dem, Sh. News (Dec. 4, 1897). Arg. A long 
strong drink too, and that's telling you, Munro Shoes of Foil. 
(1901) 27. Ayr. It's a gey spite I didna take your advice. It 
would have been telling me a ten-pound note, Johnston Gtenlniekie 
(1889) 80. Dmf. It wud be tellin' the pairish an' himsel' gin 
Josey gaed less aboot the Wallace Arms, Ponder Knkeimuloon 
(1875) 85. N.L' ' It would be no tellin',' i.e. it would not tell or 
count in one's favour— would be hurtful. ' It would be tellin' me 
a quarc dale if I'd knowed that afore," i.e. it would have been of 
great consequence to me to have known. Uls. It would have been 
telling you to have been home an hour ago (M.B.-S.). 

2. .V.';. A story, narrative ; talk, conversation ; news, 
anything worth revealing or telling ; also in />/. See Tell, 8. 

Sc. She thrccps, an' Ihrecps, he'slivin' yet. For a' the tellin' she 
can get, Outram l.yries (i887"> 33. Kcb. Oh, what telling. Oh, 
what weighing is in Christ, Kutiierford Lell. (1660 No. 241. 
n.Yks. Ah thank you for your tellins, Munby Ann Morgan's Loit 
(1896) 16. w.Yks. It'sa fearsome tellin', Macquoid Doiis Banig/i 
(1877) xix. s.Lan.' ' Hooa did it !' -Nay, that's tcllin's.' s.Stf. 
Ah: that's tellings— ain't it? Murray Rainbow Gold (1886) 78. 
Dev. Susanna . . . listened with as much patience as she could 
muster to ' passon's tellin',' Longman's Mag. (June 1901 ; 147. 

3. A scolding, reproof; warning, advice, esp. in phr. to 
lake le/ling, to listen to advice or warning. Ccii. with iieg. 

Sc. She's a clever servant in a house but she taks tellin (Jam.}. 
Abd. We just took their tcllin's, and whiles owned our failin's, 
Anderson Rhymes (ed. 1867) 3. s.Sc. (Jam.) Lnk. Mothers 
threaten to send for Mary with her bisom when their children 
' wadna tak' a tellin',' Fraser IVhaups (1895 52. Dmf. I warned 
you to hold your wheest, but you wouldna take telling, Hamilton 
Mawhin (1898) 242. n.Yks.' Weel he's gettin' a bonny telling 
noo, onnywa}S. w.Yks. I gave him such a telling (C C.R.V 

TELLY, see Tiller, v. 

TELLY.PIE, 56. Nhb. Dur. Yks. Also in forms tell- 
a-pie-tit n.Yks.; telly-pie-tit Nhb.' Dur.' n.Yks.; telly- 
piot Nhb.'; telly-pyepit n-Yks.* [teii-pai.] A tale- 
bearer. See also Tellpie, ..'vie., s.v. Tell, II. 2 (3), 

Nhb.' ' Tellypietit, yor tongue shall be slit, an' aall the bairns 
i' wor street shall hcv a little bit,' is the children's rhyme shouted 
after a tale-bearer. Dur.' n.Yks. (T.S.) ; She's a regular tell-a- 
pie-tit (I.W.); n.Yks.'" 

TELYIE, TEM, see Tailyie, Them. 

TEMBA, sA. Sh.I. [te'niba.] In phr. to be upon teiiiba, 
to be upon the alert. S. iS: Ork.' 

TEMBERIN, see Timbern. 

TEMBLE.v. Wor. [tembl.] With rt*o«/: to care for ; 
to like. 

s.Wor. Do you like shrimps ! I don't temble about 'cm (H.K.). 

TEME, f. Soni. To emit vapour. (II.\ll.) 

TEMES, TEMIS, TEMMING, see Tenis(e, Timming. 

TEWIO, sb. Irel. In phr. iy //(c 7"(7/;o, an exclamation 
or mild oath. 

Wxf. Be the Temo, I did not spend an evening these seven years 
in such pleasant company, Kennedy Bants Boro (1867) 109. 

TE-MOOAN, TE MORN, see Tomorn. 

TEMP, V. Sc. Irel. Yks. [temp.] A dial, form of 
' tempt' ; to try. 

Sh.I. What tenipit you ta come sae shiine an' fa' till blackfastin ? 
S/i. A'«<'5(Sept. 18, 1897). ne.Sc. Seerly it's a tcmpin'o' Providence 
t' dee the like o" that wi's gifts. Green Gordonhaven (1887' 61. 
Abd. It's a tempin o' Providence, Alexander Johnny Gi/ib ( 1871) 
X. Gall. He wusna gaun a' temp' it wi' brekkin' the Sabbath day 
owerit, Gallovidian (1901) III. 72. Wgt. The Ueil tryin" lac temp' 
me, Sa.xon Gall. Gossip (1878) 190. N.I.' It would temp a sant 
the way you're gettin' on. w.Yks. So Satan temps ma cos ah'ni 
wake, Ingledew Ballads {i860) 257. 

TEMPANUS,5(!>. Obs. e.An.' Erysipelas. SeeTempus- 

TEMPER, V. and sb. Sc. Yks. Lan. e.An. Wil. Som. 
Cor. [tempa(r.] 1. t'. To mix one thing with another; 
to bring to a certain consistency. 

w.yks.^ To make (butter) soft for spreading. ne.Laii.' Suf.' 
Mortar is tempered by adding more sand or water. Wil.' ' To 
temper down dripping,' to melt it and refine with water. 

2. To regulate, adjust. Also usedy?,^. 

Per. Understanding the great pains and travels of Archibald 
Steedman in tempering the knock, Maid.ment Spolliswoodt Misc. 
(1844-5) II. 269. Rnf. This birkic bodie can wi' speed Temper 
jer ilka thrum and thread, Weiister Rhymes (1835) 152. Lnk. 
Come, nane o' your impidcncc, temper your tongue Or I'll come 
an" temper yer croun wi' a rung, Watson Poems (1853) 47. 

3. An agricultural term : see below. 

Nrf. A late fallowing, . . or what would be called tempering in 
Norfolk, Batcmelor Agne. (1813) 339; The bastard fallow of a 
clover-lay, or tare, pea or bean stubble for wheat, which in 
Norfolk is called tempering, here they term casing, Yovko Agric. 
(1813) I. 194. Ess. First to clean plough the land shallow, then 
to rove across, then stctcli up and plough once more, Fordv Gl. 
(ed. 1895). 

I 2 




4. sb. Applied to soil when easily tilled ; see below. 
w.Som.' Thick there field o' groun' was in capical temper, we 
made-n jis the very same's a arsh-heap [heap of ashes]. Cor. 
Land is in good temper when it pulverizes readily, Morton Cyclo. 
Agric. (1863) ; Cor.i There's no temper in the ground (no moist 

TEMPER-PIN, sb. Sc. Irel. [te-mpar-pin.] 1. The 
wooden screw for tightening the band of a spinning-wheel. 

Sc. (Jam.), Cai.' e.Fif. A hole in her chackit apron claught 
hauds o' the temper pin, whan doon gaed Bessie an' the wheel 
aboon a', Latto Taui Bodkin (1864) iii. Ayr. She held o'er the 
moors to spin . . . And ay she shook the temper-pin. Burns There 
was a Lass, st. i. Gall. Mactaggart fnyc/. (1824). Uls. Uls. 
Jill. Arch. (1853-1862) V. 99. 

2. Obs. A screw or peg of a violin, &c. 

Abd. Gin the temper-pin ye'll screw. And gie's a sang, 
Shirrefs Poems (1790) 339. 

3. Fig. Disposition, temper. 

Bnff.' His temper-pin's ooto' order. e.Fif. Mr. Gowlanthump's 
temper pin was nae wise improved by the jaw-hole catastrophe, 
Latto Tarn Bodkiit (1864) x. Cld, ' She's lost her temper-pin,' she 
has fallen into a sulky or angry mood (Jam.). 

TEMPERSOME, a(^'. Shr.' Sus.' [te'mpasam.] Hot- 
tempered, passionate; hasty-tempered. 

TEMPER'T, pp. s.Lan.' [te'mpat.] Vexed, out of 

TEMPERY, adj. Yks. [te'mpari.] Short-tempered, 
hasty. n.Yks. She was a tempery body (LW.). 

TEMPEST, sb. and v. War. 'Wor. Shr. Hrf. Glo. e.An. 
Sus. Hmp. [te'nipist.] 1. sb. A storm, esp. a thunder- 
storm, but without the accompaniment of high wind. 

War.2 w.Wor.' My ! dunna it look black ! us 'nil 'ave tempest 
afore night surelie. s.Wor. Tempus' or tempes' is used for thunder 
and lightning, never with a before it. ' We'm be gvvain lo 'a 
tempus.' 'The tempus' wuz strung ' (H.K.) ; s.Wor.', se.Wor.i, 
Shr.', Hrf.=, Glo. (A.B.), Glo.' e.An. N. & Q. (1867) 3rd S. xi. 
271 ; e.An.', Suf. (C.G.B.), (A.B.C.), Hrap.' 
2. V. Of the wind: to blow roughly. 

Sus.' It tempestes so as we're troubled to pitch the hay upon 
to the stack. 

TEMPESTY, sb. and adj. Yks. Sus. [te'mpisti.] 
1. sb. A gale of wind. Sus.' 2. adj. Stormy, blusterous, 
having the appearance of thunderous or stormy weather. 

n.Yks.' Varry tempesty t'daay ; t'thunnercracks's just flay- 
some. It has a tempesty look wi' 't, t'daay ; n.Yks.* 

TEMPINS, sb. Lan. Suf [te'mpinz.] The game of 
ninepins ; see below. 

Lan. We have like others, ninepins, which we rather unaccount- 
ably call ten-pins, or rather tempins, Harland & Wilkinson 
Leg. (1873) 134. Suf.' 

TEMPLE, sb.' Nhb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Som. [te'nipl.] 

1. A weaving term : an instrument for stretching the 
cloth on the loom ; see below. Also in pL form. Cf 
tenter, sb.' 

w.Yks. The temples on looms to-day, which consist of wheels 
on either side of the woven piece, having projecting pins all 
round their circumferences, are quite different from those of the 
old handloom days, Leeds Mere. Stippl. (Dec. 10, 1898); A small 
brass wheel with needle-like teelh, to stretch the edges of the 
web (J.T.); w.Yks.^, e.Lan.', s.Lan.', Chs.' w.Som.' A wooden 
stretcher of adjustable length, having points at either end, used 
by weavers to keep the cloth as woven of the proper width in the 
loom. The implement is often called a ' pair o' temples.' 

2. Used attrib. in comb. Temple rods, long hazel rods 
used in holding down thatch, the ends being held down 
by 'scoubs.' Nhb.' 

TEMPLE, sb.'^ Obs. Cor. In phr. to send lo Temple 
Moors, to proclaim an outcast from society ; see below. 

The Knights Templar built a church here [at Temple]. . . ' Send 
her to Temple Moors,' implied that any female requiring seclusion 
might at one time secure it under the charge of these Christian 
knights in this their prcceptory. . . The church, which was con- 
secrated to the great cause of saving sinners, has perished, . . and 
to ' send her to Temple Moors,' is to proclaim a woman an outcast 
from society. Hunt Pop. Rom. w.Eiig. (1865) 440, ed. 1896. 

TEMPORARY, adj. Yks. Lan. Suf Ken. Sur. Sus. 
Som. Also in forms tempery c.Yks.' Ken. ; tempory 

Suf Sus.* w.Som.* [te'mpari, te'mpri.] Slight, insecure, 
weak, frail ; trumpery. Also used advb. 

e. Yks.' Ah whop [I hope] tlioo hezn't-gin mich fo' that tempery 
thing. s.Lan.' My clock-warks are gettin' like owd Gimp's cart- 
shafts — rayther temporary, 6. Suf. (C.G.B.) Ken. Dafs a 
tempery sort of fence (W.G.P.). Sur.' A common expression is 
' It's a very tempory old place.' Sus.' You be naun but a" poor 
tempory creetur run up by contract, that's what you be ! w.Som.' 
All the place is a-put up tempory, sure 'nough. 

TEMPORY, flfl>'. w.Yks.' An aphetic form of ' extem- 
pore.' ' I've . . . heeard what ye call tempory prayer,' ii. 312. 

TEMPSE, see Tems(e. 

TEMPT, V. Yks. s.Cy. LW. [tempt] To attempt ; 
to essay, try. 

w.Yks. 'Which of these apples will you 'tempt ? ' ' I'll 'tempt 
t'least, I think' (C.C.R.) ; (J.W.) s.Cy. (Hall.), I.W.' 

[Who shall tempt, with wandering feet. The dark 
unbottom'd infinite abyss ? Milton P. Lost, 11. 404.] 

TEMPTACIOUS, adj. Sc. Dev. Also written temp- 
tashous Lnk. [tempte'Jas.] Tempting, inviting. 

Lnk. The display there shown was very ample, . . and indeed 
'quite temptashous,' as Mrs. Macfarlan graphically put it, Murdoch 
Readings (1895) II. 30. Dev. Lying is a temptacious thing, Zack 
On Trial (i8gg] 144. 

TEMPTATION, s6. e.An. Atrial. (W.W.S.) 
TEMPTSOME, adj. Sc. [te'mptsam.] Tempting, 


Rnf. How temptsome maun the wiling bait O' approbation seem, 
Clark Poei. Pieces (1836) 23. Lnk. Man, Johnny, jcr olTer is 
temptsome, Thomson Musings ( i88i) 44. Dmf. Geans . . . Hanging 
temptsome owre your head, Wallace Schoolmaster (1899) 370. 

TEMPTUOUS, adj. Shr.' [temtjas, te'nijas.] Tempt- 
ing, inviting. 

Thank yo', Missis, I'll tak' a bit, it looks so tem'tuous— as the 
owd sayin' is, ' the proof o' the puddin' 's i' the atin.' 

TEMPUS-FIRE,s6. e.An.' Erysipelas. SceTempanus. 

TEMS, sb. Obs. Lin.' A wooden vessel for carrying 

TEMS(E, sb. and v. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Der. Not. Lin. Nrf s.Cy. Wil. Also in forms teems 
Rxb. (Jam.); temes Nrf ; temis w.Yks.^; tenipse n.Yks. ^ 
e.Yks.' w.Yks.^ Lan.; temz Not.; temzer Wil.' ; timse 
se.Sc. N.Cy.' Nhb.' [temz.] 1. sb. A sieve, esp. a fine 
hair sieve used for sifting flour. 

Rxb. (Jam.), N.Cy.'° Nhb.' A square timse, with a fine hair 
bottom, was formerly used for sieving flour or meal. Dur.', 
w.Dur.', Cum.', Cum.* Obsol. Cum., Wra. Nicolson \ 1677) Trans. 
R. Lit. Soc. (1868) IX; (M.P.) n.Yks.'^^, ne.Yks.', e.Yks.' 
m.Yks.' A coarse hair-sieve, used in dressing flour. w.Yks, '2*^ 
Lan. 25. for a half-bushel and tems we bought of him, Walkden 
Diary (ed. 1866) 27 ; Elizabeth came into our house and borrowed 
our tenipse, ib. 47 ; Lan.', ne.Lan.', Der.' Obs., Lin.', Wil.' Obs. 

2. Comp. (i) Temse-bread, bread made of fine white 
flour ; (2) Timse-sticks, the small frame supporting two 
laths or sticks on which the 'timse' slides. 

(i) N.Cy. 2, n.Yks.2, w.Yks.' Nrf. Having my table furnish't 
with good beef, Norfolk temes bread and country home bred 
drink, Chettle & Day Blind Beggar (1600) 1. 844-5. s.Cy. 
Bailey (1721). (2) Nhb.' The timse-sticks were placed on a table 
or sometimes fixed on the meal ark. 

3. A sieve used in brewing. 

w.Yks. Still common. Used when speaking of the strainer 
used in brewing to separate the hops, &c,, from the ale. This 
' temse' consists of a kind of hoop about a foot in height; across 
the bottom part of it is passed two sticks at right angles to each 
other, and on the top of these sticks, and entirely covering up 
this part, is a woven web of a texture seemingly made of horse- 
hair, which is woven pretty close, Leeds Mere. Siipfil. (Dec. 13, 
1890): w.Yks.^ Only used in * hop-tempse,' a hop sieve. e.Lan.', 
s.Lan.', s.Not. (J.P.K.) Lin. Streatfeild Liii. and Danes (.1884) 
370. n.Lin.' sw.Lin.' We used to sile the beer thrulf a gret tenise. 

4. A woollen-trade term : a hair sieve used for straining 
the liquid used for scouring cloth. w.Yks. (W.T.) 

5. V. To sift. 

se.Sc. For sifting meal it suits me wecl. Or timsing lluur when 
wantin', Donaldson Poems (1809) 73. N.Cy.', Dur.' n.Yks. I 
once heard a man say, referring to some material he was riddling, 
'This " tempses" vary badl^',' Leeds A/ci c. Siipfi/. l_Dcc. 6, 1890; ; 




Fifty years aj;o flour was not very common with cottagers csp., 
and wlien tht-y wanted sonic tlicy would tcmsc some rough meal. 
• We cv na flour fer a pudding to-day, b't a'l temsc a bit ' ^W.H.). 
w.Yks.', ne.Lan.' 

Hence (i) Tems'd- or Temmasbread, sh., obs., bread 
mnde of finely-sifted flour ; (2) Temsings, sb. pi. siftings. 

(I e.Yks. Our own tempsedbreade, Best Riir.Ecoii. (164 O 104. 
Dev. Tems'd or temmas bread, white [bread] made of flour finely 
sifted, opposed to Vurricd, or made of meal as it comes from 
the mill, Horae Subsecivae {iTfi) 428. (2) Dur.' Eftertemsins, 
the coarse flour or refuse left afterthe operation of temsing. ni.Yks.' 

(Tcmzc, sive (temsc, syue, K., P. ; temezc, S.), selarium 
(From/'/.). Swcd. dial. Miiiiiis, a sieve (Rietz).] 

TEMTIOUS, (7rfy. w.Cy.Wil. Som. [temjas.] Tempt- 
ing, inviting. 

w.Cy. Hall.'), Wil.' Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. w.Eiig. (1825). 

TEMZE(R, sec Tems(e. 

TEN, adj. and sb. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Stf. Der. Lei. War. Shr. Suf. Guer. 1. adj. In 
comb, (i) Ten-a-penny, a street cry; sec below; (2) 
•hours, (a) ten o'clock ; lb) a slight feed given to horses 
while in the j'oke in the forenoon ; (3) -hours' bite, see 
(2, b) ; (4) •o'clock, slight refreshment taken about ten 
o'clock, esp. by labourers in the field ; (5) -penny, (a) a 
coin of the value of tenpcnce ; (b) a franc ; (c) strong ale 
at tenpencc a quart; (rf) inferior, of a poor description; 
(6) •penny kelp, a felt hat ; (7) -penny nail, a strong nail ; 
(8) -penny^piece, see (5, a) ; (9) -pennyworth, in phr. t/ie 
height of len-primyivorlh of brass, very small ; in one's 
earliest infancy ; (10) -pounding, a punishment inflicted 
by harvest-men for breaking one of their rules ; (11) 
-sight, ten times; (12) -tails, the fish Sepia Coligo ; (13) 
-toes, the foot ; gen. in phr. lo go on ten toes, to walk ; (14) 
•toone, Irish stew. 

(\) Nhb. The timber merchants will ne mare Wiv ten-a-penny 
deave us, Oliver Local Sags. (1824) 16; The price at which 
street vendors of theperiod (a.d. iSai), facetiously called ' Timber- 
marchints,' sold spunks, i.e. long brimstone matches made ofslips 
of wood, used with tinder-boxes before friction matches came into 
vogue {R.O.H.). (2, «) Sc. (Jam.) Hdg. The auld lord would 
hae nae lichts in the house after the ten hours, Longiiiaii's Mag. 
(Aug. igoa) 310. (A) Sc. (Jam.) (3) Ayr. Dealing thro' amang 
the naigs Their ten-hours' bite. Burns Efi. to J. Lapraik (Apr. 21, 
1785) St. 2. (4) Nhb.' Especially at harvest-time. 'He' ye had 
yor ten-o'-clock yit? ' Dur.' Bread, cheese, and ale given in hay- 
time to mowers at 10 a.m. Cum." He had his ten o'clock and did 
not feel hungry, C. Pair. (Mar. 31, 1899) 6, col. 7 (s.v. Dowin). 
Wm. Noo, lads, will ye come an' hev j'cr teno-clocks? (B. K.) 
Der. Betty meanwhile has put up their 'luncheons' or ' ten-o- 
clocks ' — huge masses of bread and cheese . . . and a bottle of ale 
if they are going to plough, Howitt Riii. Life (1838) I. 161. 
(5, n) Ir. I threw out a * tenpenny' in the midst, Lever Maiiins 
(1856) 1. xiv. (b) Guer. When 1 get a bad tenpenny I put it in 
my purse and pass it (G.H.G.I. (c) s.Stf. They keepin' some 
tenpenny at the Seven Stars as'll mak ycr yead rackle, Pinnock 
BIk. Cy. Aim. (1895). (d) e.Yks.' {6\ e.Yks.' 7) Ayr. Some 
folk . . . are as hard as tenpenny nails, Service SVotiui</itnis(iBgo) 
33. Nhb. ' Probably so-called from its weight 1 ten pennyweights). 
(8) Ir. She had given him a tenpenny-piece, Lover Handy Andy 
(1842) xxi. (9) n.Yks.2 I've knawn you ivver sen you were 
t'height o' ten pennorth o' brass. (10) Suf. A custom exists 
among harvest-men in Suflblk which is called ' Ten-pounding.' 
In most reaps there is a set of rules agreed upon amongst the 
reapers before hai-vest by which they are to be governed during 
its continuance. The object of these rules is usually to prevent or 
punish loss of time by laziness, drunkenness, &c., and to correct 
. . . any other kind of misbehaviour which might slacken the 
exertions or break the harmony of the reap. One of the modes 
of punishment directed by these rules is called 'Ten-pounding,' 
and it is executed in the following manner : Upon a breach of any 
of the rules a sort of drum-head court-martial is held upon the 
delinquent, and if he is found guilty he is instantly seized and 
thrown down Hat on his back. Some of the party keep his head 
down and confine liis arms; whilst others turn up his legs in the 
air so as to exhibit his posteriors. The person who is to inllict 
the punishment then takes a shoe, and with the heel of it (studded 
as it usually is with hob-nailsi gives him the prescribed number 
of blows upon his breech according to the sentence. The rest of 
the party sit by with their hats ofl" to see that the executioner 

does his duty, and if he fails in this he undergoes the same punish- 
ment, KoRDV Gt. (1830'; 419; Brand Pop. Aiilnj. (ed. 1848) II. 
33. (ii)Shr.2 I'd tensight rather. (12) n.Yks. Ferguson A"/?/. 
Hist. Redcar (i860) 8. ^13) w.Yks' I marvel at thou sud gang 
o' ten taas, ii. 309. Lei.' To 'go o' ten-toes.' War.' He must 
have some warm socks for his ten-toes. Saf.' (14) w.Yks. It 
hiats ten pieces of potato to one piece of meat (M.F.}. 

2. sb. In phr. catch the ten, a card game. 

Sc. (A.W.) n.Sc. A hotly contested game of 'three card loo' 
or ' catch the ten ' is entered upon, Gordon Cargltn (1891) 79. 

3. A measure of coals upon which the lessor's rent or 
royalty is paid. 

Nhb. [In 1602-3] The keel load and the ten were at that time 
synonymous, and both represented ten chaldrons of 42 cwt. each. 
. . The present ten of 440 bolls became fixed aUmt the middle of 
the eighteenth century. This ten of 440 bolls is still in use for 
wayleave rents, and in some cases for mining rents [also a ten of 
420 bolls]. The boll above mentioned is a suppositious measure, 
for it has gone out of use. In practice the number of tens to be 
paid for is arrived at by dividing the number of tons to be con- 
verted into tens by 48.583 or 46-375, as the case may be, Dfndv 
Newc. Ilcstmeii (1901) 45; Nhb.' In the seventeenth century the 
term meant ten score bolls, barrows, or corves of coal. It now 
means usually about fifty-one and three-quarter tons, but varies in 
places. Nhb., Dur. It usually consists of 440 bolls, or 48 tons 
115 cwts., but varies much under different landlords, Greenwell 
Coal Tr. Gl. (1849 . 

Hence Tentale, sb. rent paid to the lessor of coal at 
so much per 'ten' of coals. 

Nhb.' Nhb., Dur. Colliery rent consists of a fixed or certain 
rent . . . and also of a surplus or tentale rent payable for the coal 
worked — or worked and rcndcd — above the certain quantity, 
Nicholson Coal Tr. Gl. (1888 (s.v. Rent . 

4. A piece of arable land inacommonfield. Cf scribe, s6.* 
Nhb.' To each freehold burgage at Warkworlh was attached 

one ten and one ' scribe ' of land in Newtown. The tens measure 
from eighteen yards long by eight and a quarter yards wide, or 
about five perches upwards, to six and a half perches in area. 
Their size has varied by gradual encroachments upon road or 
waste lands as circumstances permitted. 

TEN, TENANDRY, see Then, adv.. Tenantry. 

TENANT, sb. Sc. In comb. Tenant-stead or -sted, 
obs., occupied by a tenant. 

Kcrse being broken, the rest of the rooms were lying waste and 
this was only tenant-sted, Fountainhall Dec. Siip/>1. (1759) 
IV. 793 (Jam.); Methinks, Christ's vineyard is but ill tenant-stead 
(as we used to say of our lands), Pitcairn Asscmblv (1766) 31. 

TENANTRY, sb. Obs. or obsol. Sc. Wil". Sus. Also 
in forms tenandry, tennendrie Sc. 1. Tenancy ; the 
holding of land by lease; tenure. 

Sc. The king may be thereby prejudged in his tennendrie, 
dewtic. and service, Skene Diffidll Wds.(t(iBi)B'i; Williamson 
then sold the tenandry, by a deed to which Lord Torphichcn was 
a partj', Maid.ment Spollisivoodc Miscell. (1844-5) I'- 2'- 
2. Common-field husbandry. Wil. Reports Agric. (1793- 
1813) 14. 3. Comp. (i) Tenantry-acre, a measure of 
land varying in extent but about 'l of a statute acre ; (2) 
-down, (3) -field, a down or field in a state of commonage 
on the ancient feudal system of copyhold tenancj' ; (4) 
-flock, a parish or township flock ; (5) -land, parish land ; 
land held as common land ; (6) -road, a road about 8 feet 
inwidth,dividingthe 'laines'of tenantry-land intofurlongs. 

(i) Sus.' ; Sus.^ The proportion between the tenantry and the 
statute acre is very uncertain. The tenantry land was divided 
first into laincs, of several acres in extent, with good roads, some 
sixteen feet wide between them ; at right angles with these were 
formed at uncertain intervals, tenantry roads, of some eight feet 
in width, dividing the laines into furlongs. In each furlong every 
tenant had a right to his proportion, which was set out for him, 
not by fixing any superficial quantity, but by measuring along the 
line of the tenantry road of each furlong a certain number of feet 
to each paul, the number of feet being the same, whatever was 
the depth of the furlong ; thus, if the furlong, for instance, 
consisted of what is called a hatchet-piece something like three- 
quarters of a square, the part where the piece was two squares 
tieep woultl contain double the superficial contents of the portion 
at the other end, where the measurement next the road would be 
similar but the depth only one half, 65. Wil. In the common- 
fields . . . the usual rule is, to allow a thousand sheep to fold what 




is called a tenantry acre per night, Davis Gen. Victv Agric. (181 1) 
xii. (2,3) Wil. Davis ^j»nV. (1813"). (4") Sus. A tenantry-flock 
fof sheep] belonging to Denton parisli, Marshall 7?TO/«ti (1817) 
V. 500. (5) Sus. Tliis term is used rather vaguely. I have heard 
it appMed to 'waste of a manor' and to 'common lands.' I 
think it generally applies to land belonging to a parish or place 
and let out in parcels or otherwise to individual parishioners or 
inhabitants, yearly or at other regular periods (E.E.S.); Sus.'^ 
(6) Sus.i = 

TENANTSHIP, sb. w.Som.' Tenancy. 

Why my tenantship [taen-unshup'] will be a-run'd out vore the 
work's a-finisht. 

TENCH-'WEED, sb. e.An. The floating pond-weed, 
Potamogcton natans. 

e.An.i Supposed to be very agreeable to that fat and sleek fish, 
the tench. Sui. Science Gossip (1883) 113. 

TEND, v} Sc. Nhb. Wm. Yks. Stf. Der. Not. War. 
Brks. e.An. Sur. Sus. Hmp. I.W. Som. Dev. Cor. and 
Amer. [tend.] 1. To attend to, look after, talce care of ; 
to nurse ; to wait upon : freq. with lo. An early aphetic 
form of ' attend.' See Tent, v. 

Per. Wha has been seeck here that ye haena tendit' Halibur- 
TON Horace (1886^ 38. Fif. What better job could Dauvit get 
than to tend his ain bonnie floo'ers, Robertson Pcoi'os/ (1894) 
36. Lnk. 'Tend lo my plaint, ye bonny lasses, MuiR Minstrelsy 
(1816) 61. Wm. You tend ver business, I'll tend mine ! Ollivant 
Owd Boh (i8g8) xxii ; (B.K.) n.Yks. So . . . Dick tended his 
wife himself, Simpson Jeanic o' Biggersdn/e (1893) 219. w.Yks. 
Meary spun an cairdcd woo, an' shoo helpt to tend t'shop, DixoN 
Craven Dales (1881) 185. Stf. Ye'Il get nowt by 'tendin' to 'em! 
Cornli. Mag. (Jan. 1894) 39. Der. Men conna stand owd women 
a-tendin' o' 'em, Gilchrist Mil/on (1902)97. Not. Yo were a 
good oad Hasty, to let me tend to the commoners first. Prior 
Forest Flk. (1901) 14. Brks. Some folks is alius a-trivettin' artcr 
other folkseses business an' cassn't be satisfite wi' 'tendin' to their 
own, Coriih. Mag. (Nov. 1901) 678. e.An.* To wait on company 
at table. To take care of children, cattle, poultry. Sur.' Hmp. 
Did they all . . . tend vathers and mothers in faver? Gray Rihstone 
Pifi/>ii:s (i8g8) i-j. I.W.' w. Som.' ' I must tend my customers or 
lost 'cm.' A mason's labourer always describes his work, ' I do 
tend masons.' Dev. Yer never 'tend to what I tell 'ee. Ford 
Postle Farm 1899)212. Cor.'^ [Amer. Tend out on him pretty 
sharp. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 22.] 

Hence (i) Tendance, sb. attention, care; (2) Tending- 
shop, sb. a room in a mill where the foreman receives 
and gives out the weavers' work. 

(i) Nrf. I shan't want much 'tendance, as I can very well wait 
on myself. Spilling Molly Miggs (igoa) 45. w.Som.' Young 
turkeys be terr'bl nash, they wants a sight o' tendance. [Hops 
dried in loft, aske tendance oft, TussER Husb. (1580) 128.] (2) 

2. To be present at ; to go to regularly. 

Abd. Clear-blooded health tends ilka sup O' simple diet, Keith 
Farmer's Ha' (iT!4) St. 63. Lth. Our lads are doing little but 
tending the drill, Macneill Poet. IVks. (1801) 220, ed. 1856. 
Nlib. Aw'd picked up some bits o' lare Wi" tendin* close the skuil 
at neets, Wilson P;/»/nH's Po_)i (1843) 57. w.Yks. fJ.W.) Brks. 
I 'tends church reg'lar, Hayden Round our I'ill. (1901') 168. 
[Amer. One 'tends out on church,' 'tends out on' the public 
library for the first opportunity to take the new magazines, Dial. 
Notes {i8g6) I. 22.] 

3. To watch, esp. to watch and scare away birds. 

n.Cy. (Hall.), War.'» s.War.' He's gone bird-tending, Sur.' 
Rooktending. Sus. (S.P.H.) ; Sus.' He can't sing in church no 
more, for he goos to work rook-tending. I.W.' 

4. To provide, supply. 

Cor.'^ One boy tended the stones as the other threw them at the 

TEND, !'.= and sb. n.Cy. 'Wm. Lan. Chs. Stf. Nhp. 
VVor. Shr. Oxf. Som. Dev. Cor. Also in forms teen N.Cy.' 
ne. Lan.' Stf. Shr. w.Som.' nvv.Dev.' Cor.'^; teend Lan.' 
s.Lan.' Nhp.= w.Wor.' (tend ; tln(d.] 1. i;. To kindle, 
light, set fire to. Cf. tind. 

N.Cy.' Teen the candle. Lan.', ne.Lan.' s.Lan.' Aw mun 
teend that foirc. it's gone spark eawt. Chs.'^ (5 \. jj^ ■) stf 
A'. (J- Q. (1851) 1st S. iii. 478. Nhp.=, w.Wor.' Shr. A. & Q. 
(1851) ist .S. iii. 478. w.Som.' Yunr. Jiin ! tce-n u kan-1. wul-ur? 
Dev. A^. C Q. (1868) 4th S. ii. 335. nw.Dev.' Cor. I declare 
Ihey'm tcening a fire ! ' Q.' T/irce SIn'fis (1890) ii ; Cor.'^ 

Hence Teening-time, sb. lighting-up time, twilight. 
Cor.'= See Candleteening, s.v. Candle, 1(21). 2. With 
up: to make up a fire ; to add fuel to a fire. 

Wm. To put fuel on a fire at the same time as the ashes are 
removed from the grate. 'Tend t'fire up tcllah side aboot t'hoose' 
(B K.). Oxf.' Tend the fires up, to make up the quick fires by 
placing the quick around the part that is burning on the fire itself, 
MS. add. 

3. sb. Fire. ne.Lan.' 

[1. Whaime he shal araye the lanternes, he shal teenden 
it, Wyclif E.xod. (1382) xxx. 7. OE. on-hiidun, to kindle.] 

TEND, v.^ Sc. Der. Hmp. Amer. [tend.] 1. An 
aphetic form of 'intend.' 

Sc. Francisoue-Michel Lang. (1882) 172. Der. I'm tendin' to 
do well for them as he's left behind, Gilchrist Peakland (1897) 95. 
[Amer. I didn't 'tend to open it, Lloyd Chronic Loafer (1901) 13.] 
2. To attempt. 

Hmp. T'robin comes right in onto sink, an' cat she never tends 
to touch him 1 W.M.E.F.). 

TENDER, adj., adv., sb.' and v. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. 
Lan. Stf Lin. War. Wor. Glo. Hmp. Dor. Dev. Cor. 
[tendsfr.] 1. adj. In coiiip. Tender-dear, a term of 

Cor. So Alice Ann, my tender-dear. Take care what you be at, 
Forfar Poems (1885) 3; Pious es she? Tender dear, Harris 
Our Cove (1900) 33. 
2. Delicate, weak, sickly ; ailing. 

Sc. I had been tender a' the summer and scarce ower the door 
o' my room, Scott Midlothian (1818) v; A poor Trojan, who was 
a widow, and a very tender man, Sro/;r/5M/5 (1787) 118. Lan. 
His father was worse and his mother tender, Walkden Diary 
(ed. 1866) 95. w.Cor. He looks tender (M.A.C.). 

Hence Tenderly, adv. poorlj', unwell. Sc. Scolicisms 
(1787) 16. 3. Friable, easily broken. 

Nhb.' The top's varry tender, mind. 

4. Of cheese : see below. 

Glo. If the milk is not warm enough when the rennet is put into 
it, the cheese will be ' tender,' and will bulge out in the edge, 
Morton Farm (1832) 31. 

5. Of roads : soft, muddy. 

Stf., War. (H.K.) Wor. Behand Spetchley the roads was 
very tender {ib.). 

6. Of the wind : trying, sharp, biting. 

Hmp. The wind is very tender, N. & Q. (1854) ist S. x. 120 ; 

7. Of the weather : inclined to rain, threatening. 

Cor. Th' sky is tender, and I mistrust me it may come on to 
blaw, Harris Our Cove (1900) 16. w.Cor. The weather is looking 
tender (M.A.C.). 

8. Obs. Circumspect, careful, considerate ; scrupulous. 
Sc. I never was a separatist, nor for quarrelling with tender 

souls about mint, cummin, or other the lesser tithes, Scott Mid- 
lothian (1818) xviii. Rnf. Recommends the Earl of Glasgow as a 
person very tender of and acceptable to the Church of Scotland, 
WoDRow Corres. (1709-31) I. 3, ed. 1843. 

9. Pathetic, touching. 

Abd. It was a tender sight yon, sirs, a tender sight, an'ane good 
for sair e'en, Abd. IVkly. Free Press {June 15, 1901). Dor. 'Twas 
a very tender sight, goin' along by the top of the hedge, Francis 
Pastorals (1901) 269. 

10. With /o : fond of, having a weakness for. 

Dev. I always wuz a soft and miity-hearted zort o' chap. An' 
vury tender tii tha girls, Salmon Ballads (1899) 61. 

11. Obs. Nearly related, akin. 

Sc. Lodovick, Duke of Lennox, . . whom King James receaved 
glaidlie and honorablie as one who was so tender of kinrcd and 
blood to him, Gordon Hist. Eai Is 0/ Sutherland, 125 (Jam.). Fif. 
He lowit him and was his freind and tender of bluid vnto him, 
PiTSCOTTiE Cron. (ed. 1889) II. 197. 

12. adv. Tenderly, gingerly, with care. 

n.Dev. My mother . . . went tender in her best boots, Zack 
Dunstable ll'tir (1901) 62. 

13. sb. A term of endearment to a baby. 

Cor. There, my blessed, my handsome ! Look, my tender! 'Q.' 
Wandering Heatli (1895) 1^0. 

14. A soft or crushed condition of strata. Nhb.' Nhb., 
Dur. Nicholson Coal Tr. Gl. (1888). 15. v. To make 
tender, soft, or delicate. 

Sc. The quality of the food in the autumnal quarter has a more 




immediate innuence in tendering their constitution than at any 
other period, Ess. Higlil. Soc. III. 467 (Jam.). N.I.' As linen 
sometimes is in ' the bleach.' ' The fibre [of fla-x] tendered by 
excess of moisture.' sw.Lin.' It'll tender him for the winter. 
Poulticing tenders it so. 

16. Obs. To have regard for. 

Sc. I advise none that lenders the glory of God to meddle with 
them, Tiio.MSON Cloud of Wiliiesses (1714) 206, ed. 1871. Lnk. 
All officers of the standing forces, as they tender his majesty's 
service and the peace of the country, to give their assistance, 
WouRow Ci. llisl. (1721'! I. 344, cd. 1828. 

TENDER, sb.'^ Nhb. e.An. Cor. Also written tendar 
Cor.' [tenda(r).] 1. A waiter. See Tend, v} 

e.An.' Cor. Ev'ry tender what's theere, my dears, es a real 
gen'leman to look upon, Tregellas Tiihs (1865) 32; Cor.'^ 

2. The guard of a train. Cor.' 3. Obs. A small rapper 
or signal rope in a pit. Nhb.' 

TENDER, ,sA.3 I.VV. Cor. [te'ndafr).] Tinder. I.W.' 
See Tend, v.'^ Hence Tender-box, sb. a tinder-box. Cor.° 

TENDERNESS, sb. Obs. Sc. 1. Delicacy, esp. as 
regards health. See Tender, adj. 2. 

Rnf. I am grieved to hear of Miss Lillias' tenderness, WoDROW 
Cones. (1709-31) II. 476, ed. 1843. 

Hence Self-tenderness, sb. care of one's health. 

Rnf. My self-tenderness will not allow me to spend time at 
night on the records, ib. II. 37. 
2. Consideration, regard ; scrupulousness. 

Sc. I have a tenderness and scruple in my mind anent them, 
Scon Midlol/iiaii (1818) xvlii. Abd. ItTyee haue anie tendernes to 
such as fear the Lord in this place, Stuart Ecrl. Rec. (1846) 136. 

TENDERSOME, adj. Dor. Dev. [te'ndasam.] Tender, 
gentle, sweet ; also used advb. 

Dor. When a woman do look zvveet and tendersome in her 
workcn-clothes, Agnus ynii O.vif »■ ( 1 900) 71. Dev. Imploring o' 
me to deal tcnderzome by ut, Zack On Trial (1899) 227. 

TENDLE, sb. Obs. Sc. (Jam. Siippl.) Also in forms 
tennel, tannic. Firewood ; dried twigs or furze, &c. used 
for fuel. Hence Tendle-knife, sb. a knife for cutting fire- 
wood : a hedge-bill, bill-hook. 

TENE, see Teen, sb.^, Tine, u' 

TENET, sb. w.Som.' [tenat.] A tenon. Hence 
Tenet-saw, sb. a tenon-saw ; a back-saw. 

TENG,TENGS,TENK,see Tang, sb.', Tongs, Tank, s6.= 

TENNEL, V. Obs. N.Cy.> Nhb.' Also in form tinnel. 
Of trees : to die away. 

TENNEL, TENNER, TENNET, see Tendle, Tenor, 

TENNIS, V. Rut.' [te-nis.] To strike with a rebound. 

If she'd hit against the corner of the house it would 'a tcnnised 
her agin the soft-water tub. 

TENNLE, see Tendle. 

TENNRILLS, sb. pi. Sc. Dry twigs ; a dial, form of 
'tendrils.' Gall. Mactaggart i^Hfyc/. (1824). 

TENON, sZ». Sc.Yks. [te'nan.] A tendon. n.Yks.(T.S.) 

Hence Tenonyhough, sb. the joint of the hind leg of a 

Sc. I daresay this bit morsel o' beef is an unce lighter than ony 
that's been dealt round ; and it's a bit 0' the tcnony hough, Scon' 
Bride 0/ La>ii. (1819) xxxiv. 

TENOR, sb. Sc. W.S. Lin. Also written tenner n.Yks. 
n.Lin.' fte'nafr.] 1. A tenon. 

n.Yks. 'Thease tenners isn't tight (I.W.). n.Lin.' 

2. Coitip. Tenor-saw, a tenon-saw ; a thin back-saw. 
Abd. 'You're just as rough's a tenor saw, An' fu' 0' slaps, 

Anderson Rhymes (ed. 1867) 116. 

3. The cross-bar between the legs of a chair. S. & Ork.' 
TEN[SOME,«((7'.and5i. Sc. [te'nsam.] Consistingoftcn. 
Sc. The lut wi the tensome thairms, Waddell Psalms (1871) 

xxxiii. 2. Lnk. There durst nae tensome there him take, Ramsay 
Poems (1721) 103. Dmf. The glee o' Tensome an' Twalsome 
Faimilies, Paton Casllebraes (1898) 284. 

TENSORS, id'./'/. Obs. Shr.' Persons who, not being 
burgesses, carried on business in the town as tradesmen 
upon payment of certain fines. 

•449 50- Ihis yeare the burgesses and tenssars in Shrewsbury 
dyd varye. Early C/iroii. Sliretvsbiiiy. The Tensors' fines were 
imposed by the Court Leet, which required that they should ' be 
levied before the Feast of St. Catherine [Nov. 25th].' ' In the 

Corporation Accounts— 1519— it is ordered that " Tensors selling 
ale should p<iy v]d. quarterly,"' Viui.l.\rs Hist. ShrtU'sbuiy, 161, 168. 

Hence Tensorship, sb. the fine paid by ' tensors.' 

It was objected to his vote that he was no Burgess, in support 
of which it was proved that he pd. Tenscrship several years, Poll 
for Shrewsbury (1747) in Traits. Shr. Arch. Soc.; This Richard 
Mucklcston ...commenced a suite against theTownc of Shrewsbury 
for exacting an imposition upon him which they call tensorship, 
and did endeavour to make voyd their Charter, hut they gave him 
his Burgesship to bee quiet, Gougii //is/. Mvddle, 128. 

TENT, sA.' Sc. Irel. [tent.] 1. An open-air pulpit. 

Sc. A square pulpit of wood erected in the fields and supported 
by four posts, which rest on the ground, rising three or four feet 
from it ; with a trap leading up to the door and a projection in 
front, which is meant to protect the speaker from the sun and rain 
as well as to serve for a sounding-board (Jam.^. n.Sc. The ' tent' 
is still used in the Highlands at open-air ser\-ices (A.W.). Ayr. 
But hark ! the tent has changed its voice. Burns Holy /Vii'r (1785) 
St. 14. Dmf. I could fancy a tent and the preachers by turns 
Proclaiming salvation by Christ to their flock, Shennan J'ales 
(1831) 146. 

Hence (i) Tent-preaching, sb. preaching from a 'tent' ; 
(2) -reader, sb. one who reads the service from a 'tent.' 

(1) Sc. Tent-preaching has been long in use in Scotland, 
occasionally at least from the year 1630 (Jam.). s.Sc. At the 
next market or the next tent-preachin, Wilson Tales (1839) V. 
53. (2) Edb. He was tent-reader of our service book, Hennecuik 
ms. (1715) 345, ed. 1815. 

2. A slang word for an umbrella. 

Ir. Take your tent with you (M.B.-S.). 

TENT, .si.2 Irel. [tent] 1. The quantity of ink 
taken up by a pen at one dip. N.I.' s.Don. Simmons C/. 
(1890). 2. A small quantity of liquor. s.Don., 
Simmons ib. Cf. tint, sb.^ 

TENT, I'., sb.^ and adj. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Chs. Stf Der. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. Shr. Ken. [tent.] 

1. !'. To attend to, look after, take care of; to watch or 
mind animals; to watch birds to drive them away. See 
Tend, f.' 

Sc. He that has but ae ee maun tent it weel, Henderson Prov. 
(1832)6, ed. 1881. Abd. At hame a' day My flock to tent, Anderson 
Poems (ed. 1826) 21. Per. Ye said ye'd tent her for half-a-crown, 
Cleland Inchbraikeii (1883) 189, ed. 1887. s.Sc. I tentit my 
lambs through the blythe summer day, Allan Poems (1887) 16. 
Ayr. We'll tent our flocks by Galla Water, Burns Calla ll'alei, 
St. 3. e.Lth. Tentin' his flocks, Mucklebackit Rhymes 1885) 5. 
Dmf. Her premium-winning flowers She tents wi' care, Quinn 
Heather (1863) 40. Nhb.', Cum.* Wm. I hev duly tented the 
flock, HuTTuN iSran New IVark (1785) I. 20. n.Yks.' 'Why's 
William Dale not at school ?' ' Please, Sir, he's tenting moothcr's 
labile coo o' t'Howe ; ' n.Yks.** ne.Yks.' He's tentin' bo'ds. 
e.Yks.', m.Yks.' w.Yks.' Dunnot they tent aw neet ? ii. 305 ; 
w.Yks.*35^ Lan.', ne.Lan.', e.Lan.', ni.Lan.'. s.Lan.' Chs.' Tenting 
kye i'th' lone. Tenting crows ; Chs.-^ s.Chs.' Tent the fire, as 
it doesna go ait. Der.'* Not. The little lad's gone a crow-tenting 
(L.C.M.) ; Not.'^ s.Not. Sometimes 'c addles a penny or two wi' 
pig-tenting (J.P.K.). Lin.' A lad must be put in the lo-hoof to 
tent the birds. n.Lin.' Oor Bill's tentin' to'nup-sead e' th' Beck- 
boddoms. When I was a lad I spent moast o' my time tentin' 
craws an' stock-dews. sw.Lin.' His feyther wants him to tent 
next week. Lei.' Ha yo tented the 'osses? Nhp. ', War.^ Shr.' 
'Jack, the Maister wants yo' to tent them cows as 'e's jest turned 
i' the leasow.' Ken. He's gone rook tenting yW.F.S.). 

Hence (i) Tent-boy, (2) Tenting-lad, sb. a boj' who 
' tents,' or who looks after animals or drives away birds. 

(i) Lin. Here seated in his rustic grace. The ' tent ' boy blew his 
liorji, Brown Lit. Laiir. (i8go) 63. (2) n.Lin.' 

2. To pay attention to ; to heed ; to listen to. 

Abd. He never tents sic triflin' matter, Walker Bards Boii-Aceord 
(1887) 370. Per. Neebour wives, now tent my tellin', Ford Harp 
(1893)112. se.Sc. Tent me, Tam, ye maybe sure. We town-bred 
lads are unco queer, Donaldson /'o«h5(i8o9) 34. Ayr. Tent me, 
Nanny, I'll sec thee bleezin' j-et at the Cross o' Kilhvinning, 
Service Nolanditms (1890) 105. Kcb. An' tents the mavis at ilk 
sten, Davidson Seasons (1789) 25. 

3. To see, observe, notice. 

Sc. This aught days I tented a pyot Sit chatterin' upon the house- 
heid, Chambers Sngs. (1829) II. 346. Frf. Tent her when she 
hides her face, KtiD Hiatherland ii&g^) 86. s.Sc. Wha withoutcn 




pleasure Can tent thy fame, thy pith an' treasure, T. Scott Poems 
(1793' 356. Ayr. They wha scarcely tent us in their way As 
hardly worth their while, Burns Ep. io Davie (Jan. 1784) st. 6. 
Bwk. \Vi' shame I tent the reason For the ruin that I see, Calder 
Poems (1897) 83. Gall. Those [charms] still left hae few to tent 
them, Nicholson Poet. JVks. (1814) 99, ed. 1897. Cum.* 

4. To beware, take care. 

Sc. Tent what you say! Shepherd's Jl'edding (i-]8g) 15; The 
neist time ye dance, tent wha ye take by the hand, Ramsay Pioii. 
(1737). Ayr. Hand awa frae the bonnie lass, I rede you tent her 
e'e. Service Dr. Dugitid (ed. 1887) 106. Lnk. I'd wary tent ilk 
flattering tongue, Struthers Poel. Tales (1838I 145. Cum. Ye 
heedless haullins that may hap To fa' into their clutches, Tent 
ye, Stagg Misc. Poems (ed. 1807) 143. 

5. To watch ; to lay in wait for; to watch for an oppor- 
tunity to the disadvantage of another person ; gen. used 
as a threat. 

n.Yks.i ; n.Yks.2 I'll tent thee for't. m.Yks.' Chs. I'll tent 
thee, quoth Wood, if I cannot rule my daughter I'll rule my good, 
Ray (1691) ; Chs.i Th' cat's tenting th' rat-hole; Chs.3 Shr.' 
I'll tent 'im if 'e osses to do that agen. 

6. To prevent, hinder. 

n.Cy. (Hall.), n.Yks. (W.H.) e.Yks.i Ah'll tent tha fre 
comin ti see mail lass. w.Yks. He thinks to come here, but I'll 
tent him, Sheffield hidep. (1874); Hutton Tour to Caves (1781) ; 
w.Yks.' ^ Lan. To keep 'em i' baonds, an' tent 'em fro' breyking 
aot o' th' ranks, Accriiigtoti Times (May 16, 1868). Chs.^ s.Chs.' 
I'll tent him from doin' that. Stf.i, Der.', nw.Der.', Not.= Lin. 
I doan't knaw how I was to tent him fra it. Brown Lit. Laiir. (1890) 
6'^ footnote. n.Lin.' I've tented my bairns frabackin' utherfoaks's 
bills, fer I've niver hed 'em larnt to write the'r naames. Shr.' 

7. To stop, stay, delay. 

w.Vks. Robinson Gl. in Leeds Merc. Siippl. (1884). Der.* ' I 
cannot tent,' I am not at leisure. nw.Der.' Lei.i Ah caint tent 
to stop now, loike. 

8. To compare ; to count, tally ; to take account. 
n.Yks. 2 m.Yks.i To watch for the purpose of comparing or 

enumerating. A term much used in ironical remarks. 

9. To show, teach ; to incline. 

e.Ltli. 'Tis that towards union it wud tent The sisters three, 
Mucklebackit Rhymes (1885) 37. w.Yks. Ah'll tent thee, Lucas 
Stud. Niddcrdale (c. 1882) Gl. 

10. To make hay; to spread and shake about newly- 
mown grass. 

s.Lan.' Chs.' Tenting th' hay, is attending to the making of 
the hay, tedding it, turning it, raking it up, but it does not include 
the operations of mowing or leading. 

11. With about: to occupy oneself. 

Cum. He fettles teah at mworns an' neets, An' tents about, 
Dickinson Lit. Rem. (1888) 194. 

12. sb. Care, heed ; gen. in phr. to lake tent {of or [to, to 
take care (of; to be careful, heedful ; to beware. 

Sc. Grizzle, come up here, and tak tent to the honest auld man, 
Scott Midlothian (1818) xxiv. Sh.I. I hed ta tak tent, Junda 
Kliiigrahool (1898) 5. e.Sc. Tak' tent how you quote Scriptur', 
Setou.n Sunshine (1895) 331. Ayr. I stacher'd whyles, but yet 
took lent ay To free the ditches. Burns Death and Dr. Hornbook 
(1785) St. 3. Lth. Tak tent o' your feet in that worn windin' stair, 
Ballantine Poems (1856) 122. Slk. Dinna mind me — tak' tent 
o' Mr. North, sir, Chr. North Noctes (ed. 1856) III. 96. Dmf. 
Tak' tent o' the liizzie that's saucy and proud, Wallace School- 
master {i8gg) 24. Nhb. Shewad nae tak tent o' me in my sorrow, 
Jones A7;A. (1871) 253; Nhb.' n.Yks.' Mind an' tak' tent on 'em ; 
n.Yks.' Tak thoo tent o' t'meeal-pooak yamwards, an I'll hug 
t'tatey-skep. ne.Yks.' Thoo mun tak tent on 'em. w.Yks. Tak' 
tent o' this baking-bowl, sir, Bronte Shirley (iS^^g) xxiii ; w.Yks.' 

Hence (i) Tentless, adj. (a) careless, heedless ; (b) un- 
carcd for, untended ; (2) Tently, ativ. carefully. 

(i,(i) Sc. For lonesome lovers they are meet Who saunter forth 
with tentless feet, Cunningham Sngs. (1813) 33. Rnf. I saw them, 
tentless, wander o'er the hight, Picken Poems (1813^ I. 20. Slk. 
Aye when ony tentless lammie, Hogg Poems (ed. 1865) 96. (6) 
Cai. Wi' ye, puir tentless loun, an' yer stairvin' teethless grannie, 
M'-Le.nnan Peas L,fe (1871) II. 117. Rnf. I'm but a stirk Wha 
tentless staumers i' the mirk, Webster Rhymes (1835) 91. (2) 
Lnk. Ku' tently they are keckin, Watson Poems (1853). 

13. A look ; observation, notice, attention ; gen. in phr. 
to take lent (of or to, to pay attention (to ; to notice, observe. 

Sc. But you must take tent I have admitted naebody but 

you, Mr. Trumbull, Scorr Rcdg. (1824) xiii. Or.I. She turned to 
tak' a tent, Paety Toral {1880) I. 139, in Ellis Proniinc. (1889) V. 
795, 800. Abd. Tak' tent that sticks and stones ha'e lugs, Cobban 
Angel (1898) 28. Ayr. Mrs. Craig, ye'll take tent of what I have 
said, Galt Legatees (1820) viii. Lth. Tak' tent o' me, my word 
rely on, LuMSDEN S/(ff/i-/;f(!rf (1892) 151. n.Cy. (Hall.) n.Yks.' 
To pay special attention, give watchful heed; as for the purpose 
of reckoning or keeping count of objects passing in succession; 
e.g. sheep passing through a gate, bushels of corn measured out, 
or the like ; n.Yks. 2 Tak good tent o' thah lear. ne.Yks.' w.Yks.'; 
w.Yks.' Thah mun tak tent on it. ne.Lan.' 

Hence Tentless, adj., obs., unnoticed, unheeded, un- 

Ayr. I'll wander on, wi' tentless heed How never-halting 
moments speed, Burns To J. Smith (1785) st. 10; The time flew 
by with tentless heed, ib. Rigs o' Barley, st. i. 

14. An engagement to look after animals or birds, &c. 
n.Yks.* 'Tak tent,' to engage oneself to look after, e.g. as a boy 

keeping cows off the land. 

15. Time, patience ; in phr. to take tent, to take time, have 
patience. Sc. Grose (1790) MS. add. (C.) 16. adj. 
Watchful, attentive ; keen, intent. 

Kcb. Up started Rosy Dougan As tent as if she had been a puss, 
Davidson Seasons (1789) go (Jam.) ; As tent upo' the after game 
As hound loos'd frae a kennel, ib. 77. 

[1. Dat fals traitour fiat here was lente, And we trewly 
here for to tente Had vndir tane, York Plays (c. 1400) 412. 
12. Alle creatures to me take tent, ib. 29.] 

TENT, see Taint. 

TENTBOB, sb. Obs. Sur. A small red spider. (K.) 

TENTER, $b.^ Sc. Nhb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Lin. Also in 
form tenther e.Yks.' [te'nt3(r.] 1. One who takes 
care of anything; an attendant, keeper. Nhb. (R.O.H.), 
w.Yks. (J.W.), Chs.' See Tent, v. 2. One who looks 
after a machine or engine ; a weaver's assistant. 

Frf. I carena a bawbee For a' the West-end tenters that ever 
screwed a key, Johnston Poems (1869) 87. s.Sc. Ye darty 
workers at Tweed Mill, Ye ken oor tenters up the hill, Watson 
.S(i;rfs (1859) 72. Nhb. (R. OH.) w.Yks.' Generally used in the 
phrase engine-tenter ; w.Yks.^ Lan. Tha's been dreivin' four 
looms beawt tenter. Wood Hum. Stetehes, 6 ; The name ' tenter ' 
was formerly applied to any person who attended to cotton 
manufacturing machinery, but it is now generally used in a more 
restricted sense for the operative who attends to the scutching- 
machine 'J.B.S.'i ; Lan.' s.Lan.' A young woman emplo^'ed in 
the card-room of a woollen-factory, or who attends to the 'jack- 
frames' in a cotton- factorj'. 

3. A person engaged to look after animals or drive away 

e.Yks. A pig-tenther, coo-tenther, or bodtenther, Nicholson 
Flk. Sp. (1889! 85. e.Yks.', ne.Lan.', Chs.^, n.Lin.' sw.Lin.' No 
cattle allowed in the lanes without a tenter. They want a bird- 
tenter for the seeds. 

4. A watcher, watchman ; a watch-dog. 

w.Yks.' Moor-tenters. Lan.' s.Lan. Will he do for a tenter? 
will he bark at night ? Bamford Walks (1844) 47. Chs. That 
dog's a good tenter (C.J.B.). 

5. Obs. One of the players in the game of ' bear and 
tenter' ; see below. 

v.'.Yks. We have, or rather had a few years ago, a game called 
the ' bear and tenter.'. . A boy is made to crawl as a bear upon his 
hands and knees, round whose neck is tied a rope which the keeper 
holds at a few yards' distance. The bystanders then buffet the 
bear, who is protected only by his keeper, who by touching one of 
his assailants becomes liberated. The other is then the bear and 
the buffeted bear becomes the keeper, and so on. If the ' tenter' 
is sluggish or negligent in defence of his charge it is then that the 
bear growls and the blows are turned upon the guardian, wholly 
or partially as the bear-baiters elect. Hone Table-bk. (1827) II. 364. 

6. The player in charge of the stone in the game of 
' squat ' or ' stone-stown ' (q.v.). w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Sitppl. 
(Mar. 26, 1898); ib. (June 11, 1898). 7. A person em- 
ployed in making hay. Chs.' 8. Obs. A hired collector 
of tolls. n.Cy. (Hall.), Nhb. (R.O.H.) 

TENTER, si.' and v. Sc. Yks. Lan. Lin. Nrf. Ken. 
Colloq. Also in form tanter- Nrf. [te'nt3(r.] 1. sb. A 
frame for stretching cloth ; gen. in //. 

w.Yks.3 Lan. A field . . . which tenters do fence, Tim Bobbin 




I'inv Dial. (1740) 127. ne.Lan.' Used by dyers and clothiers. 

2. Coiiip. (i) Tenter-bauk, a beam to which a butcher's 
meat-hooks are fastened ; (2) croft, (3) -field, a field or 
enclosure where cloth is stretched on 'tenters'; (^) 
■frames, frames for stretching cloth ; ^5) -ground, ground 
where linen, skins, &c. are stretched on 'tenters'; (6) 
-hooks, (a) hooks fastened into a wooden framework for 
holding the cloth wlien being stretched; (/>) hooks froin 
which anything is hung ; {ojig. in phr. on teulcr- hooks, in 
suspense ; in };eit. colloq. use. 

(i) n.Yks.* (2) w.Yks. Cudworth Manni)igham (1896) 125. 
s.Lan.> 13 w.Yks. Banks U'hjld. Il'i/s. 1 1865)5 ; w.Yks.*, s Lan.i 
(4) w.Yks.5 The tenter frames arc upriglit bars placed at a short 
distance from each other and connected by other horizontal ones, 
top and bottom, having an array of hooks at equal distances on 
which the cloth is fastened by the lisling of both sides. {5) Ken.' 
(6, n) w.Yks. Banks IVkflJ. ll'Js. (1865); (J.M.) s.Lan.i (/,) 
w.Yks.2 The hoolis upon which the valances of a bed are hung. 
n.Lin.i Strong iron liooks put in ceiiingsand the joists of buildings, 
on which bacon and other such things are hung, (c Sc. Aunt 
Judith and the household were on the tenter-hcolis of impatience, 
Scott A'igel (1822) xviii. w.Yks. Ah wur on tenter-hooks aw th 
tahme we wor e yond hoil (B.K.). n.Lin.' To keep on tenter- 
hooks. Nrf. What I said about the name on the card had put my 
gentleman on the tanterhooks, Spilling Molly M'ggs (.1902; 112. 

3. V. To stretch cloth on ' tenters.' 

w.Yks. Returning home perhaps at daybreak, the cloth was 
'tentered' — that is, if weather permitted, Cudworth Bradford 
(1876) 466. 

Hence Tenteringmachine, sb. a machine used for 
stretching and drying cloth. w.Yks. (J.M.) 

[1. Tenture, for clothe (tentowre, S.), lenson'iim, extett- 
soriuin [Prompt.].'] 

TENTFUL, adj. Hmp. Wil. Som. [te'ntfL] Careful, 
attentive : also used advb. 

s.Hmp. He's a very tentful man, Verney L. Lisle (1870) vi. 
Wil.' Som. He was brouglit up so tentful W.F.R.). 
TENTIFLY, adv. Obs. n.Yks." With attention. 
TENTIVE, adj. Sc. Der. Attentive, careful. 
Edb. Nouther party's tcntive how to please, Learwont Pctitis 
('79' ^ 329. Der. Yo're as 'tentive an' as capable as onyone could 
be, Gjlchrist Mil/on (igo2"i 97. 

[We shullen do so ententif \Harl. MS. tentyf] bisinesse 
. . . that . . . she shal be hool, Chaucer C. T. b. 2205.] 

TENTLE, si. e.Lan.' [tentl.] A small 'tenter-hook' 

TENTY, adj. and adv. Sc. n.Cy. [te-nti.l 1. adj. 
Careful, heedful, attentive; watchful, cautious. SeeTent.i'. 
Sc. Fower tenty lads were on the tap hauldin' the line, Steven- 
son Calrioim (1893) xv. Cai.' Elg. Onre moor and moss, cure 
hill and dale. Right tenty was his ee, Couper Poetry (1804) II. 80. 
Per. Prudent, douse, an' tentie Throughout thy life, Stewart 
Character (1857) 57. s.Sc. I'm aye a vcrra tenty and frugal body, 
SuMTH Fieree/iearl (1897) 65. Ayr. Jean slips in twa, wi' tentie 
e'e, Burns Hallowe'en 1.1785) st. 8. Feb. Some to be tenty, some 
advisan', Liiiloun Green ^^85) 153, ed. 1817. Dmf. 'Tweed' 
micht chase ye tae display His tentie care, QuiNN Heather (1863) 
38. n.Cy. BoiArG/. (Co//. L.L.B.) 

Hence Tentily, adv. carefully, heedfully, cautiously. 
Sc. Syne tentily he it bestowed Within the breist o' my ain 
Jean, Allan Lilts 11874) 221. Sh.I. [He] clamb tentily ewer, 
Burgess Rasmie 1892) 9. Cai.' Ayr. Riclit gentilie an' tentilic 
I liore her to a biel, Ainslie Land of Burns (ed. 1892) 339, Dmf. 
Frae mornin' till nicht ye wad tentily gang, Reid/'ooj;s ^1894) 46. 
Gall. Looking tentily to my sheep, Crockett Standard Bearer 
(1898) 6. 
2. adv. Carefully, attentively ; cautiously. 
Bnfr.' Gang tentie, an' nae lat thim bear's. SIg. There is ane 
witiiin your toon Shall tentie watch when ony loon May cater ill, 
Buchanan Poems (1901) 36. Ayr. Some tentie rin A cannie 
errand to a neebor town. Burns Colter s Sat. Kighl (.1785) st. 4. 
Edb. Sae lassies, tentie hear the chield, M'Uowall Poems 
(1839 43- 

TEP, see Tap, t'.' 

TEPPEL, sb. Der.' [te'pl.] The leather on a boy's 
cap, the ' neb.' 
TEPPIT, TEPPY, see Tabet, Tippy, sb. 


TEPPY-TIN, sb. Yks. [tepi-tin.] A small tm used 
for cooking tarts, &c. w.Yks. (ILL.) 

TEPTIOUS, adj. Cum. Lan. [te-pjas.] Snappish, 
captious ; irritating ; treacherous, changeable, not to be 
depended upon. 

Cum. It was a tcptlous kind iv a thing ten, for if fwok gat 
t'wrang way on't, it wa^scn't lo tell t'mischeevcs it wad ha' deun 
them, Richardson Talk (1876) and S. 154 ; Cum.*, ne.Lan.' 

TER, sb. Obs. n.Cy. Yks. Anger, passion, head- 
strong resolution. n.Cy- Gkose (17901. w.Yks. IIutto.n 
Tour lo Caves (1781). Cf. tear, v.^ II. 14, tirr. 

TER, see Ta, Thou. 

TERBUCK, V. and !>b. Sc. [tarbBk.] 1. v. To 

make a false move in play ; to check an opponent for 
making a false move in play ; to catch one tripping. See 

w.Sc. If a person on making a false move in a game of skill 
calls out * trebuck ' or ' trabuck me ' before his opponent he has 
the right to move again ; but if his opponent is the first to call 
out 'trebuck' or 'teibuck you,' the player is checked and must 
pay the foifcit (Jam. Snf-fil., s.v. Trebnck). 

2. sb. A false move in play, a slip ; a check or trip in a 
game of skill, ib. 

TERCE, sb. Sc. Also in form tierce. A legal term ; 
see below. 

Sc. A liferent competent by law to widows who have not 
accepted of a special provision of the third of the heritable subjects 
in which their husbands died infcfts, Erskine Instil, bk. ii. tit. g, 
s. 44 (Jam.) ; The mute of anc reasonable terce perteining to 
women as lauchfull wives, be reason of the decease of their 
husbandes, Skene DiJJicill ll'ds. fi68i) 116. Abd. Proper wad- 
setters, pensioners, conjunct fiars, ladies terces, and others, 
Spalding Hist. Sc. (1792) II. 97. 

Hence (i ) Terced, />//. adj. divided into three parts ; (2) 
Tercet or Tiercer, 5/;. a widow who is legally entitled to 
the third part of her deceased husband's property. 

(i) Sc. With terced estu by mumjanc'd cliosen post The 
sufferer's restor'd to what he lost With respect to the clame of 
right, Maidment Pasqnils (18681 186. (3) Sc. A term still 
commonly used in our courts of law .Jam.). 

TERD, TERE, see Taird, Teer. 

TERECKLY, see Toreckly. 

TERt^Y, adj. Obs. Shr. "Tapering to a point. Bound 
Pruviiic. (1876) ; (Hall.) 

TERI, ib. Sc. [ta'ri.] A name given to a native of 
Hawick. See Teribus. 

Rxb. Here's to each Teri true, At hame and o'er ocean blue! 
Murray Haiiick Sngs. (1892) 28. 

TERIBUS, sb. Also in form teeribus (Jam.). In phr. 
Teribus ye (and) leri odin, the war-cry of the town of 
Hawick. See Teri. 

Rxb. This, according to tradition, was that of the band which 
went from Hawick to the battle of Flodden ; and it is st.Il shouted 
by the inhabitants of the borough, when they annually ride the 
marches (Jam.); The war-cry of the men of Hawick at the battle 
of Flodden, and still preserved in the traditions of the town. The 
full chorus is often sung at festive gatherings. . . ' Teribus ye teri 
odin, Sons of heroes slain at Flodden, Imitating Border bowmen 
Aye defend your rights and common," Mackay. 

TERJER, see Targer. 

TERM, sb. and v. Sc. Cum. Wm. Dev. Cor. Also 
written tirm Dev. ; and in forms tarm Cum.' ; tearm 
Lakel.' Cum.'; teeram Cum.'; tierm Lakel.= Wm. 
[tarm, tam.] L sb. Half-yearly holidays at Whitsun- 

tide and Martinmas ; hiring day. 

Sc. At Mairtinmas ; I daurs.iy it micht be suner were I cot the 
road ; but I canna get a place till the term, Swan Gales of Eden 
(ed. 1895 ii. Ln'.t. Marrit at the term! The morn if ye like, 
Jean, Gordon Pjotsliaw (1885) 177. lakel.a Cum. Oor man 
bed geiin off to tak his tearm, miy U'allle (1870) 3; He dudn't 
knoa bit he wad a hire't meh, theer an then, well t"teeram, 
Sargisson Joe Scoap (1881) 77 ; Cam.' 

Hence (i) Term-time, sb. Whitsuntide or Martinmas; 
hiring time; May-day; (2) -week, sb. a week's holiday 
observed at Whitsuntide or Martinmas. 

(I) Per. Here we're at our hin'most neep. An' term-time near I 
Hahbuuton Ochil Idylls (1891) 65. Cum. Martinmas credit and 




Teeram lime done, Dickinson Ciimbr. (lS^6) 253. n.Yks. (I.W.) 
(2) Wm. Ah'll cum ta see ye at t'tierm week if o bi weel (B.K.). 

2. Phr. (i) /erm an' life or termin life, for ever, finally ; 
(2) — of a time, a long time. 

(i) Shi. Der fa'n oot, an' sinder'd for term an' life, Sh. News 
(May 28. 1898). Lth. It will last termin life (Jam.). (2) Cor.' 
She's bin a term of a time over her work. 
3. V. To bound, border. 

e.Dev. Ver belly's a wheyte-heap a-tirm'd off wi' lilies, Pulman 
Siig. Sol. (i86o~ vii. 2. 

TERM, see Terrem. 

TERMAGANT, 5Z». Ohs. Sc. The ptarmigan, Znn-o/;<5 
viiitiis. CI. Sibb. (1802) (Jam.). 

TERN, sb. Nhb. Cor. [tarn, tan.] 1. The sandwich 
tern, Slerna caiiliaca. 

Nhb. In the Farn Islands this species is called 'the tern' par 
e.welleiice, all other kinds having the name ' sea swallows,' Swain- 
son Birds (1885) 204. 
2. The hkterp, Bolaiirus stellmis. Cor.' = 

TERNAL, TERNATION, see Tarnal, Tarnation. 

TERNER, sb. Nrf. The common tern, Stciiia Jluvia- 
tilis. Emerson Birds (ed. 1895I 306. 

TER-OUSEL, sb. Yks. The ring-ousel, Turdiis tor- 

w.Yks. So the word is pronounced by some in the neighbour- 
hood of Sheffield, the two words being pronounced as one word, 
and the accent being on the second syllable iS.O.A.). 

TERR, TERRA, see Tir(r, Turr, sb} 

TERRACE, si.' Lin. Wor. [tarss.] 1. A raised 

footpath by the side of a road. n.Lin.' 2. A slope 

or clift'. 

Wor. The Avon flows at the foot of the terrace, Allies Antiq. 
Flk-Lore f 1849') 94. ed. 1852 ; The wide spread terrace that slopes 
upward from the river's bank, May Hist. Evesham ,2nd ed.) 363, 
in Allies ib. 337 ; The terrace here spoken of is the natural 
slope (on the top of which are the traces of a Roman road) 
descending from the table land of this part of the Cotswolds to the 
Avon, and is known as the Marl Cleeve, or Marl Cliff (E.S.). 

TERRACE, sb.'^ Yks. Chs. Also written terras 
n.Yks. ; and in form tarras Chs.' [ta'rss.] A particular 
kind of mortar ; also in coinp. Terrace-mortar. 

n.Yks. A brick floor is laid in terras. Hunter Georgical Essays 
(1803) II. 104. Chs.' Strong lime and hair mortar, such as is used 
for pointing slates. [Lined it throughout with bricks set in terrace 
mortar. Hunter ih. III. 276.] 

TERRAS, see Terrace, sb.'^ 

TERREM, sb. Sh.I. Also in form term. A long 
small gut of a sheep; the wheel-band of a spinning-wheel. 
See Tharm. 

Shence FlkLore (1899) 183; S. & Ork.' With [it] the 'posh' 
is strung ; used also for bands to a spinning-wheel. 

TERRIBLE, adj. and adv. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. 
and Eng. Also written terrable Cum. s.Lan.' ; terribl' 
Sc; and in forms taarble Cum.'; tarble Sh.I. N.I. ' Dev.; 
tarrable Cum.'* I.Ma. ; tarr'b'e Nhb.; tarrfble Nhb.' 
Dur. ; terble Ir. Dur. Lakel.^ Wm. ne.Lan.' Brks.' Wil. 
Dor. ; terraayble Hrks.' ; terr'ble Sc. w.Yks. e.Ken. 
Som. ; tirrible w.Yks. ; turble Dor. ; turrabul Dev. 
[taribl, ta'rabl.] 1. adj. Used as an intensitive : great, 
tremendous, extraordinary. 

Per. He was a terrible scholar and a credit tae the parish, Ian 
Maclaren Brier Bush U^OSi i. Ayr. \Vc took terr'ble traiks on 
the Saturdays, Service Dr. Diigiiid (ed. 1887) 28. 'Wgt. She 
was an awfu' religious buddy, and a terrible hand at Scripture, 
Saxon Ca//. Gos«/) (1878) 10. N.I.' Nhb.' Thor's a tarrible site 
o" weeds i' that crop. Diir. Meg Toppin's a tarrible comfort, 
Guthrie Killy Pagan (igoo) 107. Lakel.^ We've a ter'ble lot 
on't doon. Cum. She was a terrable body fer axon questins, 
Sargisson Joe Sconfi (1881) 174; Cum.'', w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. 
I've a terrible wish to make you known to each other, Gaskell 
Af. Barton (1848 1 iv. n.Lin.' You've gotten a terrible lot o' books 
e' this here big room o' yours, squire. Glo.' Brks.' Ther be a 
terraayble lot o' j-oung rabbuts this year to be zure. e.Ken. A 
terr'ble lot (G.G.). Dor. It be a terble hvoad ofT my mind, Agnus 
Jan O.xbrr ' 1900) 36. Dev. The tciities be all a getteii coold, an' 
tcs a tar'ble pity ! Longman' s Mag, (Dec. 1896) 156. 
2. Very intimate, 'thick.' 

Oxf.' They be terrible folks, they be. w.Sora.i Her's terrible 

way my missus, but I baint no ways atookt up way her inyzul. 
They two 3oung osbirds be terrible together. 
3. adv. Used as an intensitive : very, very much, ex- 
ceedingly, extremely; extraordinarily. 

Sc. He . . . misca'd him terrible, Scotch Haggis, 49. Sh.I. Da 
fire wis smokin' most tarble, Clark N. Gleams (1898) 56. ne.Sc. 
He's a terribl' clever fallow is P. W., Gordon Northward Ho 

(1894) 53. Per. They're terrible disappointed. Sabbath Nights 
{1899 I 9. Luk. He was terrible pleased, Fraser ll'haiips (1895) 
149. Ir. She did be terrible short o" company, Parlow Martin s 
Comp. (1896) 7. n.Ir. A wuz aye terble land o' horses, Lyttle 
Paddy MLOiiillan, 10. Nhb. Aa've heard tell he's a tarr'ble fine 
scholard. Pease Mark o' Deil (1894) 28; Nhb.' Dur. February's 
a ter'ble long time for to wait, Longman's Mag. (July 1897 : 257. 
Lakel.^ We're hev'n ter'ble fine wedder fer oor hay. Cum.'* 
Wm. A wes terble flaete, Sf>ec. Dial. (1885) pt. iii. 3. w.Yks. I'm 
in terr'ble good an' sound health o' body (F.P.T.). Lan. Th' warlt's 
geirin ter'ble wickit, Bowker Talcs (i882"( 65. ne.Lan.', e. Lan.', 
s.Lan.' I.Ma. The cow was still tarrable bad, Rvdings Tales 

(1895) 114. Chs.i I'm terrible glad to see you; Chs.^ Der. I'm 
terrible much obliged to he, Verney L. Lisle (1870) iv. nw.Der.', 
VVar.24 s.War.' He's terrible fond of the little 'un. Oxf. These 
be terrible hard times fG.O.). Brks. 'Tis a ter'ble girt way off, 
Havden Pound our Vill. (1901) 23. Ken.' He's a terrible kind 
husband. Frost took tops terrible. Sur.' ' How's your missus? ' 
'Oh! tarrible ornary sure-ligh.' Sus.* limp.' He gets terrible 
handy. Wil. 'See's terble nippy on 3-oung rabbits, Kennard 
Diogenes (1893 vi ; Wil.' Dor. I s'pose we mun't expect this 
weather to last tur'ble long (C.W.) ; ' Terrible comical ' [very un- 
well] (C.V.G.). Som. Measter took to the man terr'ble, Raymond 
Love and Quiet Life (1894) 50. Dev. Idden Mrs. Joss turrabul fine 
tu-day ? Hewett Peas. Sp. (189a) 138; So tarble weist. Black- 
more Chriiluwell (1881') ii. Cor. Terrible shy he looks, poor chap I 
' Q." Three Ships \cd. 1892) 12. 

TERRIBLY, adv. Cum. Lan. Also written terrably 
Cum. [ta'ribli.] Much, considerably. 

Cum. We bed a cup o' tea, an' fand ooarsels terrably freshened, 
Farrall Betty IVilson (1876) no. Lan. He's kept hissel' terribly 
to hissel, Waugh Heather i^ed. Milner) II. 163. 

TERRICK, sb. Obs. Dev. A trifle ; a little thing. 

I have another terrick foryou to do, HoraeSubsccivae (1777) 428. 

TERRIE, 56.' Sc. Also in form tarrie Sc. (Jam.) 
[ta'ri ; ta'ri.] A terrier ; also used alln'b. 

Per. (G.W.) Rnf. We clamb the braes like tarries, Picken 
Poems (1813) II. 124; PiCKEN Poems (1788) Gl. (Jam.) Ayr. A 
tarrie dog (Jam.). Lnk. Our wee hairy terrie his courage could 
chill, Edwards Mod. Poets, 5tli S. 235. 

TERRIE, sb.^ Sh.I. [ta'ri.] A kind of loft or shelf 
in the roof of a house. S. & Ork.' 

TERRIER, sA.' Sc. Cum. Also in form tarrier Cum. 

1. A keeper of terriers. 

Cum. Theer was tarrier Gash, an' tyelleyer How, Gilpin Sngs. 
(1866) 273. 

2. Fig. Amanofbadtemijer and character; a pugnacious 

Ayr. Ye're a terrier when in a passion, Charlie, Galt Sir A, 
IVylie (182a) v. Cum.Thoo nasty, durty,impident tarrier(E.H.P.). 

TERRIER, 5i.2 Obs. Chs. Lin. Rut. Sus. Also in 
forms tarrier n.Lin.' Rut.' ; tarry n.Lin.' A survey and 
register of lands ; a catalogue of lands. 

Chs. We have required a certificate . . . and a true terrier of the 
estate, Gastrell Notitia Cestriensis {c. 1707) in Cheth. Soc. Publ. 
(1845) VIII. 351. n.Lin.' For giuinge in a tarrye of the vickarage 
land, iiirf., Kirton-in- Lindsey Ch. Ace. (1638). RuL' The survey 
of ecclesiastical estates. ■ For a tarrier of the gleb land, 2S.,' Ch- 
warden's Ace. (1720). Sus.' Two terriers were made at Brighton 
in the last century. 

[Fr. papier terrier, a court-roll, or catalogue of all tlie 
several names, parcels, rents, and services belonging to, 
or yielded by, the tenants of a Manor (Cotgr.).] 

TERRIER, sb.^ Cum.'* A tuber on the stem of a 
potato-plant, (s.v. Top-'taties.) 

TERRIFICATION, sb. Sc. [tarifiki'Jsn.] Terror, 
anything causing terror. 

Cai.' Buff. To go scouring the hills in search of adders, or to 
bring them home to the ' terrification ' of his neighbours, S.miles 
Natur. ^18761 47, ed. 1893. Ayr. There was an outcry and a 
roaring that was a terrification to hear, Galt Proiost (1822; x. 




TERRIFICK, adj. Obs. Sc. Afraid, terrified. 

Edb. Made inony guid cliiels melancholy . . . And terrifick of 
futuritv, LiDDLE I'cfHis (1821"! 205. 

TERRIFY, V. and sh. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. Wor. Shr. 
Hrf. Glo. Oxf. Brks. Bdf. e.An. Ken. Sur. Sus. Hmp.Wil. 
Soni. Dev. Cor. Also in forms tarrafy Nrf. ; tarrify 
Lin. Brks. Cnib. Sus.' ; torrify Ken. ; turrivy Brks.' 
[taTifai.] 1. v. To annoy, irritate ; to tease, worry ; to 
importune ; to torment, pain. 

Lei.' Nhp.' I canl terrify myself with no books. The rash did 
terrify me so. War.* Wor. It is a complaint about amongst 
children ; it ain't no hurt, only it is so terrifying (H,K.). w.Wor.' 
'E canna get a wink a slip uv a night; is cough is terrifyin'. 
s.Wor.', se.Wor.' Shr.' This cut o' my finger terrifies me 
mightily, I canna get on 6utli my work. These gnats do so 
terrify the child. Hrf.' Stones ' terrify ' a man digging ; Hrf.^ 
Glo. ' Terrify him, sir ; keep on terrifyingof him.' This does not 
mean that j'ou are to frighten the fish ; on the contrary, he is 
urging you to stick to him till he gets tired of being harassed, and 
succumbs to temptation, Gibds Cotswold Vill. (1898) 164; Glo.' 
Oxf* MS. add. Brks. All them carters and foggers gin up tarri- 
fyin' ma fur bein' a shepherd arter that, Hayden Round our Vill. 
(igoil 317; Brks. 'What dost want to turrivy the child vor, gie un 
back his marvels, an' let un alo-an. Bdf. My bobbins do terrify me 
(J.W.B.); Batchelor Atml. Eiig. Lang. (iSog'i 146. e.An.' A 
blister or a caustic is said to terrify a patient. Nrf. How the flies 
do tarrafy the poor bosses this showery weather I (W.P.E.) 
Snf. He has been terrified all night by those insects, A', if Q. 
(1876) 5th S. vi. 56; Suf.' Ess. That boss, with (lies, poor thing, 
Look how he's terrified, Clark J. A'oakis (1839) st. 100; Ess.' 
Ken. When a boot pinches, it is said to terrify (G.B. ); Ken.' 
Sur.' We've had a good deal of what I call terrifying sickness, 
colds and suchlike, but nothing serious. Sus.'^, Hmp.' Wil.' 
Her husband, who had been out in the fields, came home and began 
to 'terrify' her, Marlborough Titties (Nov. 26, 1892). w.Soni.' 
Uur-z au'vees tuureefuyeen ur maudhur vur tu lat ur goo-. 
Dhai bwuwyz bee nuuf" tu tuureefuy tin ee bau'dee tu dalh'. 
Dev. A workman said his work was so difficult that it terrified 
him, Reports Provinc. (1877) 140. nw.Dev.' s.Dev., e.Cor. A^. if 
Q. (1876) 5th S. vi. 6. Cor. il). i. 434. 

2. To damage, injure, destroy. 

War.^* s.War.i They've been terrifying my cabbages. Glo.' 
Brks. Thay wapses do terrify our plums ^CW,). Ken.' The rooks 
'terrify the beans.' Sus.' The meece just have tarrified my peas 
(s.v. Meece). Wil. A hailstorm terrifies the apple-blossoms 

3. To seize, tear out ; to shake. 

War. I terrified the cloth out of the window. A'', if Q. (1868) 
3rd S. iv. 126 ; War. 3 More frequently applied to animate things, 
such as a dog shaking a rat. e.An.' Nrf. I'll terrify your vitals, 
N. & Q. ib. 178. 

4. To puzzle, perplex. 

w.Wor.' It's terrifying to knaow what to do far the best. Bdf, 

5. To astonish. s.Wor.' 6. To fret, to be an.xious about 
nothing. Hmp.' 7. To break up land fine; to hoe con- 

Glo.' w.Som.' You can't never get urd o' that there stuff, nif 
you don't keep on terrifi'in' o* it 

8. sh. A source of worry or trouble. 

Wil.' A bed-ridden woman who has to get her neighbours to do 
everything for her is ' a terrible terrify ' to them. 

9. The treacle-mustard, Erysirnuiti dieiranthoides. 

Lin. Miller & Skertchly Finland (1878) x. Cmb. (B. & H.) 

TERRILOO, sb. and v. Lakel. [tarUG.] 1. sb. A 
great commotion. 

Lakel.^ Set t'dog on amang t'geese, an' ther'll be a terriloo. 
2. 7). To make a great commotion. (B.K.) 

TERRIT, sb. Obs. War. [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] A clump of trees. (Hall.) 

TERRY, sb. Sc. In phr. w/ini the terry ? an oath, 

What the terry do you mean ? What the terry is this all about? 

TERRY, V. Obs. Nhp.^ To provoke, torment. Sec 
Ter, sb. 
TERRY, see Teery. 

TERRY-ALT, s«. Irel. See below. 

The man w.ts suspected of being a ' Terry-Alt,' or a member of 
a local agrarian conspiracy, MacDo.s-agii Ir. /i/< '1898) aa. 

TERRY-DIDDLE, sec Terrydivil. 

TERRYDIVIL, sb. Chs. Also in form terry-{:iddle. 
The bitter-sweet nightshade, Sotannm Dulcamara. Chs.'* 
Cf. tether-devil, s.v. Tether, s6.' 1 (2). 

TERSE, sb. and v. Obs. n.Sc. (Jam.) [Not known to 
our correspondents.] 1. sb. A dispute, debate. 2. v. 
To dispute, contend. 

TERSY, sb. Nhb. Dur. LMa. Lin. Also in forms 
tarsy Nhb. e.Dur.' ; terzy n.Lin.' ; turzie Nhb. [tazi ; 
tazi.] A round game ; the game of ' twos and threes.' 
Also in cotiip. Tarsy-warsy. 

Nhb. (R.O.H.); For tarsywarsy some did cry. While cricket 
b.-»lls around us (ly, Allan Tynesidt Sngs. (1891) 288. e.Dnr.' 
The players form a double ring by standing in a circle with a space 
between each, while each player has anothcrstanding immedialcly 
behind him. There is one odd player who stands, as third, 
behind any of the other two. A player standing in the centre 
then tries to ' tig ' or touch the inside player who has two behind 
him, while the latter, to avoid being caught, must either run behind 
the two standing behind him, or behind any other two in the ring. 
Thus another is brought to the front rank, and if caught before he 
can place himself behind another couple, becomes in his turn the 
pursuer, while the late pursuer takes his place in the ring. I. Ma. 
They were playin' at tcrsey, and a big ring of them, and Nora 
had the han'kercher and drapt it behint a gel, Rvdisgs Talts 
(1895) 39. n.Lin.' Any number of players form in a double circle, 
except two, one of whom runs in front of any two. The other 
outside the circle runs round and touches the back of one of the 
three, who in his turn becomes the catcher, and the one who had 
been catching goes into the middle of the circle to take the place 
of the first. 

TERSY-VERSY, adv. Sc. Cum. Also in form 
tarsie-versie Rxb. (Jam.) [tsrzi-varzi.] Topsy-turvy, 
in confusion or disorder ; walking backwards. 

Slk. Doiting up . . . amang the sheep . . . putting them a' 
tersyversy, Hogg Tales (1838,1 302, ed. 1866. Rxb. (Jam.\ Cum.'* 

TERT, TERTCHY, see Tart, adj.. Tetchy. 

TERTIAN, sb. Sc. [tg-rjan.] A student of the third 
session. Sc (Jam.) Abd. At Abd. University (A. W.). 

TERTLE, see Tartle, v.'- 

TERVEE, V. and sb. Som. Dev. Cor. Also written 
tervy w.Som.' ; turvee n.Dev. ; and in forms tarve, 
tarvy Cor.' ° ; turve Som. [ta'vi.] 1. v. To struggle ; 
to writhe. Sec Tave, v.' 3. 

Som. Some one describing an ill — indeed, dying child — said 'he 
seemed just to turve and turve and keep on turving' G.H L.). 
w.Som.' Dev. Yd nidden keep oil trying to torvee with Jackie; 
'e'll be a giide bwoy ef yu lets 'n bide, Hewett Peas. Sp. 1^1893'). 
n.Dev. But Ihof ha ded vigger and . . . tei-vce, E.vnt. Seo'.d. ^1746) 
1. 216. Cor. '2 

2. To rage, storm. See Tave, J'.' L 
Cor.' ; Cor.2 Tarving about in a rage. 

3. sb. A stir, commotion. 

Cor. There's no hurry. There is no reason to be i' such a tan-e, 
Baring-Gould Curgenven (1893) xlvi. 

TERVY, TERYVEE, see Tervee, Tirrivee. 

TERZY, TESMENT, see Tersy, Testament. 

TESSY, adj. Sus. [te'si.] Angry, fractious, cross ; 
a dial, form of 'testy.' 

A tcssy child. A tessy cat (G.A.W.) ; Sus.' 

TEST, s/).' Sc. See below. 

Ayr. The first peculiarity of the school days sixty years ago . . . 
is the use and abuse of the test. . . The test was a little bit of 
wood of cylindrical form, about ten inches in length, and was 
placed in an aperture of the door, and in sight of the master. 
When a pupil wished to go out of school ... he went up to the 
master and said, ' I'lease, the test, Sir.' If the test was in the 
aperture near the door, the boy was allowed to go, and no 
individual could get out till the test was returned to its place. 
White Joltings (1879) 66. 

TEST, s6.« and v. Sc. [test.] L sb. A will, testament. 
Ayr. By an cik to his test he left to Peter Searle the soom of 
five shillings, Service Nutandunts ;i89o') 13. 
2. V. In phr. to test upon il, to bequeath, to leave by will. 
Sc. I will test upon it at my death, Scott Pirate (iSai) vi. 

K a 




TESTAMENT, sh. and v. Sc. Irel. Also in forms 
tesment Sc. (Jam.) Bnft".'; test'ment Sc. [te'stament.] 

1. sb. A last will. 

n Sc. (Jam.) ; He made his tesment ere he gaed, And the wiser 
man was he, Buchan Baltaiis (1828) II. 130, ed. 1875. 

Hence to make one's tesment in a rope,phr.\.o be hanged. 

n.Sc. (Jam.) Abd. To think to lead my life wi' sic an ape, I'd 
rather inak my tesment in a raip, Ross Helenore v 1768) 36, ed. 1813. 

2. Tlie thing bequeathed, a legacy. Abd. (Jam.) 

3. The New Testament. 

Sh.I. I didna hear what point o' da Bible or Testament hit wis in, 
Sli AVa's' Jan.26, 1901). Cai. The Testament, and next' the Bible,' 
are regular class-books, M Lennas Peas. Life (.1871) I. xvii. Dmf. 
'i'he Testament was his scliool-book, Siiennan Tales (1831) 53. 
Uls. A' wud like tae commit tae ye'r care a wee bit Taeslament, 
M'Ilrov Crai^liiinie (1900) a6, w.Yks. (J.W.) 

4. Coiiip. Testament-man, obs., a Protestant. 

Fif. S'-^ail that mad ill-gainshon'd bj-kc O' Test'ment-men that 
doth us fj'ke. Tennant Papistry (1827) 103. 

5. V. To leave by will ; to bequeath. 

Bnff.' Ayr. What's cross'd tlie craig Can ne'er be testamented, 
AiNSLiE Land of Burns ^ed. 1892) 198. 

TESTIE, see Teistie. 

TESTIFF, adj. Obs. n.Yks.^ Wilful, headstrong. 

[Testif they were, and lusty for to pleye, Chaucer 
C. 7". A. 4004.] 

TESTIFICAT(E, sh. Obs. Sc. A certificate, testi- 

Sc. A certificate of character in writing In consequence of which 
a person has liberty to pass from one place to another (Jam.) ; 
The said commissioners are hereby ordained to deliver to every 
such person a teslificate — which testificate is to seiveas a free 
pass to alt who have the same, Crookshank Hi^t. (1751) II. 236 
yib.) ; The attestation given by a kirk session of the moral character 
of a church-member when about to leave the district (Jam.). Abd. 
With a testificate that their presents were read at their churches, 
Spaluing Hiit. Sc. (1793) II. 190. Ayr. No other parish would 
admit strangers within its bounds without testificates of character 
from the one thty left, Johnston Kihtiallie 1 1891") I. 66. e.Ltli. 
To produce ' testificats ' or ' testimonials,' either of their respecta- 
bility, or that they 'had been helpit by uther Kirkis,' Waddell 
Old Kirk C/ir. ( i893> 62. 

TESTIFICATION, sb. Obs. Sc. A certificate, testi- 

Per. To bring ane testification from the Minister of Cupar in- 
Fife, Lawson Bi. of Per. (18.171 aig. Ayr. It's a great honour 
and testification, my lad, that 3*0 should be in\ited to dine at the 
Place, Galt Sir A . Hylic (1822) Ix.xxix. Hdg. He has shawin to 
me his testification y^ he is maryit sen he came out of our parochin, 
RiiCHiE 5/. Ba/dred {1882) 174. 

TESTORN, adj. Obs. Dev. Testy, quick to anger. 
Horae Siibsecivae (1777) 429. 

TESTREL, TESTRIL, see Taistrel. 

TESTY, V. Glo. [te-sti.] To testify. 

I can testy to that, Gissing Vill. Hampden (1890^ I. xi. 

TET, 56. Brks. Hmp. Dor. Som. Dev. Also in form 
tatty Hmp. Dor. Som. Dev. [tet.] A teat, the nipple 
of a breast or udder. See Tit, s'l.^, Titty, sb.^ 

Brks. (s.v. Tit). Hirp. Grose (1790) MS. add. (M.) Dor. 
Barnes 67. (,1863^ Som. Er babby ... for tha tetty cried, 
JENNINGS Ohs. Dial. w.En,i;. (1825) 176. w.Som.' One o' Daisy's 
lets is so zorc I cant hardly ticli o' her. n.Dev. Es wont ha' ma 
tetties a grabbled zo, Kviii. Cr/s/ip. (1746) I. 376. e.Dev. We've 
got a smoal sister, an' her got no tetts. Pulman Sitg. Sol. (i86o) 
viii. 8. [The cow's dug by some is called the tet, Worlidge Did. 

[On was tette he sone aue^ lagt. Gen. &• Ex. (c. 1250) 

TET, V. Ohs. Glo. To tease, provoke ; to chafe. 
Horae .Siibsecivae (1777) 409. See Tit, v.^ 

TET, sec Ted, 1/.=^ 

TETA-W, s6. Ken.'' [te-t?.] A simpleton, fool. 

TETCH, sb.' and v. Cum. [tetj.] 1. sh. Obstinacy, 
restiveness ; gen. in phr. to take ftetch, to be restive, to 
refuse to move. Cf tetchy. 

Nater began to tak t'lctch wid him, an' wadden't be mead ghcm 
on enny langcr, Kichauhson Talk (1876) 2nd S. 73 ; Cum.'"* 

2. V. To be obstinate or restive. Cum.'* 

TETCH, sb."^ Som. Dev. [tetj.l A habit, gait. 

w.Som. 1 Div. It's a tetcli she's got, Reports Pivvinc. (1886) lor. 

[Tetch'e, or maner of cond3'cj'one, vios, condicio 

TETCH, TETCHUS, see Touch, Touchous. 

TETCHY, adj. Sc. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. Lin. Lei. War. 
Won Shr. Hrf. Glo. Oxf Brks. e.An. Ken. LW. Dor. 
Som. Dev. Cor. and A men Also written techy Der.° 
nw.Der.' War.* s.Cy. Amer.; and in forms teachy n.Lin.' 
Glo.; teechy s.Lan.' ; tertchy Not ; titchy Brks.' e.An.' 
I.W.' Som. [te'tji.] 1. Peevish, irritable, short- 

tempered ; easily oifended or angered. See Tatchy, 
Tetch, iA.', Touchy. 

Fif. Her lean-cl.eek'd tetchy critics, Tennant Ansler (iBia) 38, 
ed. 1871. n.Yks.*, w.Yks. (W.C.D.), ne.Lan.', s.Lan.', Der.^, 
nw.Der.', Not.' s.Not. How tertchy the child is, to be sure 
(J.P.K.V n.Lin.', Lei.' War.'' She be mortal techy about summat. 
w.Wor.' Shr., Hrf. Bound PTOi'mc. (,1876). Glo. Horae Siibsecivae 
(1777)429. Oxf. There's no need to be so tetchy (G.O.). Brks.', 
e.An.', Nrf. (M.C.H.B.), Suf.', Ess.' s.Cy. Ray (legO. Ken. 
She was so tetchy (D.W.L.). I.W.' Dor. Barnes CI. (1863). 
Som. SwEETMAN IVincattion Gl. (1885). w.Som.' Uur-z u maa-yn 
luch'ee oa-| dhing, uur uz* naew. Dev. Reports Provinc. (1883) 93. 
Cor. (M.A.C.) [Amer. Them mount'n boys is apt to be a bit 
techy with strangers, Bradley Virginia (1897) 220.] 

Hence Tetchiness, sb. ill-temper, crabbedness. 

w.Sora.' Her's good-lookin' enough, but there's too much 
tetchiness about her vor me. 

2. Applied to land that is difficult to work or inanage. 
e.Cy. (^Hall.) Nrf. You can't get on that laud when ycr like, 

not ivery day; if j'er plough or roll when 'tis wet 3'er dew more 
harm nor good; that land's wonnerful tetchy, I can tell j-er 

3. Of the weather: changeable, fickle. Nrf. (M.C.H.B.) 
[1. And he's as tetchy to be woo'd to woo As she is 

stubborn-chaste against all suit, Shaks. Tr. c&-> Cr. i.] 

TETER-CUMTAWTER, see Tittertotter. 

TETH, sh. Ohs. Sc. Also in form teeth (Jam.1. 
Temper, disposition ; spirit, mettle. Sc. Mackay. Fif 
(Jam.) Hence Illteeth'd, ppl. adj. having a bad temper, 
ill-humoured. Fif. (Jam.) 

TETH, int. Sc. [tep.] An exclamation. 

Sc. But teth ! we'll open't first, I ween. Ballads (1885') 9. Rnf. 
Here teth nae langer he durst stay about, Clark R/iyriies (1842) 
23. Lnk. I . . . began to read. But teth it gart me claw my head, 
M'Indoe Poems (1805) 50. 

TETHER, sh.' and v. 'Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. Also in forms tather Shr.'; teather Sc. ; tedder 
Sc. (Jam.) S. & Ork.' Lakel.= Cum. ne.Lan.' [te'iSatn] 
1. sh. In coiiib.ii) Tether-chack, a piece of iron or wood 
affixed to a tether by which it is secured to the ground ; 
(2) -devil, (a) the bitter-sweet nightshade, Solanuut Dul- 
camara ; (b) the bind-corn, Polygonnni convolvulus ; (3) 
■end, (a) the end of a rope ; (b) the posteriors ; (4) -'s end, 
in phr. to run to the tether's end, to go to extremity, to go 
as far as possible; (5) -faced, having an ill-natured aspect; 
(6) -grass, the goose-grass, Galium Aparine; (7) herin, 
a tether made of hair ; (8) -length, the length of a tether, 
a long distance ; fig. in phr. to run one's tether-length, to 
pursue a reckless course wliicli leads to calamity; (9) 
•stake, (a) see (i); (b) the upright post in a stall to which 
a cow is fastened ; (10) -stick, see (i) ; (11) -stone, a stone 
to which a tether is tied ; (12) -string, a tether, rope, 
halter; also usedy/^-. ; (13) -toad, the creeping crowfoot. 
Ranunculus repens ; (14) -tow, a hawser, cable. 

(i)Bnfr.' (2, «) Chs.'23 (i) Chs.' (3, «) Lnk. Tuggin'atthe 
tether en', Ae nicht as he was ringin' ten, Something played 
crash, Watson Po«;i5 (1853) 11. (4) n.Dev, Tha wut net break 
the cantlebone o' thy tether eend wi' chuering, Exm. Scold. (1746) 
I. 280. (4) Edb. Shall Man, a niggard, near-ga\vn elf! Rin to the 
tether's end for pelf, Feugusson Pcje-;;js (1773"! 216, ed. 1785. (5) 
Sc. (Jam.) (6) Nlib.' (7) S. & Ork.' (81 Cai,' Rnf. A tether 
length he back did gae, Wilson Poems (1816) Ep. to Mr. IV. M. 
, 9,rt) Sc. (Jam.) Slk. His tethe are reidehot tcdderstakis, Hogg 
Poems {ed. 1865) 318. Lakel.' Cum. A tedder styake ov iron, 
RiTsoN Borrowdale Lett. (1866) 3. nw.Der.', Ken.' {b\ Sc. (Jam. 
Siippl) (10) Sc. His teeth they were like tether sticks, Suarpe 




Ballad Bk. (1823^ 83, cd. i858. Abd. Drive this tether-stick 
through the spine-bone o' the very sniil o' ye, Ruddiman Sc. Parish 
(1828136, ed. 1889. (irl n. Ir. To keep down tlie baste there's 
wan tiling needed still — Put a tether-stone up on the face av the 
\\\\\, Lays and I.fg. (1884) 13. (12) Ayr. Ochiltree Oii^o/5/iroH// 
(1897) 34; Gude keep thee frae a tether string. RvRSS Drath 0/ 
Mailie, I. 5a. (13) w.Yks.^ (14) Sc. IV/iislle-Brnkie (1878) I. 233 
(Jam. Sttf>pl.). 

2. Phr. (ij in one tellier, married; (2) length of Ir I her, full 
scope; (3) lihe a lil/nr, at great length; (4) lo gel lite ivrong 
end of lite lelhn; to make a mistake, to misunderstand; 
(5) lo go the length of one's telher, to use up all one's 
resources, to exhaust one's means ; (6) to graze beyond 
one's telher, to live beyond one's means ; (7) lo live within 
the tether, to live within bounds: (8) lo make a tether of only 
a hair, to make much of a small matter ; (9) to put a tether 
to a person's tongue, lo restrain from speaking, to reduce 
to silence; (10) lo run one's tether, to come to the end of 
one's resources; (ii) to slip the tether, to throw olT 
restraint, to break loose; (12) lo lake tether, to take licence; 
(13) to lighten a person's tether, to restrict, restrain. 

(,i) Lnk. In the hopes that we'll dee in .->e tether, Lemon SI. 
Miiiigo (1844) 3a. (2) Edb. If I gac her length o' tether, M'Neill 
Byga>ie Times (i8ii) 17. (3) Ayr. He gied them 't like a tether 
for twa coos in the Kirkj'aird, Service Dr. Diigiiid (ed. 1887) 
284. (4) Lnk. Dinna blether, Ye've got the wrang end o' the tether, 
M'Lachlan 7Vioinr/j/5 i884')49. (5 Sc.(A.W.) Shr.' It is said of a 
spendthrift that ' 'e'll soon gflCi the lenth on 'is tether.' (6) n. Yks.^ 
They're grazing beyond their tether. (7) Ken. (Hall.) (8) Sc. 
' He wants onl^' a hair to make a tedder o',' applied with respect to 
those who seek for some ground of complaint or accusation, and 
fix on anything however trivial (Jam.1; Since that national defection 
of taking that bundle of unhappy oaths, . . the swearers have sought 
but a hair to make a tether of, against that small handful of non- 
swearers. Walker Remark. Passages ^l^2■]) 65 (tb,). ig' Edb. A 
rebuke of this kind would put a tether to liis tongue for a wee, 
MoiR Mansie U'audi {1828) i. (10) Ayr. When they their tether 
bailh had run, W im e Jolliiigs (1879') 142. Bwk. 1 let them rin 
their tether, Calder /'dmks 11897 254. (ii) Gall. Unlike them 
skilled in city wiles. That aften slip the tether. Nicholson Poet. 
IVks. (1814) 124, ed. 1897. (12) Ayr. The tellier ye hae taen. 
Sir Knight, Has been baith lang an' wide, Ainslie Laud of Burns 
(ed. 1892 300. (is^i Shr.' It'll tighten 'is lather. 

3. A halter ; a hangman's rope. 

Sc. What wad I gi'en for sic a crack Upo' the leather? I dinna 
mind a word I spake When i n the leather, Pennecuik Co//. (1787) 17. 
Per. Then in a tellier he'll swing from a ladder, FoRD//a;/(i893)58. 

4. Obs. A tow-rope. 

SIg. I saw her in a tether Draw twa sloops after ane anither, 
MuiR Poems (i8i8) 12. 

5. A bandage. n.Yks.' 6. The long part of a fence ; 
wood put upon a fence to bind it together. ne.Lan.' 

7. Fig. A tie, obligation. n.Yks.* 8. v. To moor; to 
fasten a vessel. 

Bch. A' the barks That tedder'd fast did ly Alang the coast, 
Forbes W/<i.v : 1785) I. Abd. (Jam.) Kcb. They wur roozers. — 
ye could 'a' tellier'l a vessel tae ony o' them. Trotter Gall. Gossip 
(tgoi) 391. 

8. Fig. To confine in any way; to bind, fasten; to 
restrain, hold in bonds. 

Bnff.' She niver gangs oot our the door bit tethers hirsel at haim 
wee that bairn o' hirs. Abd. Telher Your lilties in a buik together, 
Cadenhead /)()<i-^Jfcocrf (1853) 204. Frf, Terror had tethered 
her tongue, Watt Poet. Sketches (1880') 96. Kxb. Neither wind 
nor rain can tether His joy that day, Murray LlawickSiigs. (1892) 
37. Cum. Each glowrin' lad semm'd tedder'd by the car, Gilpin 
Poft. Poelry (1875 208. n.Yks.^ Tether'd, bound up. ne.Lan.' 

Hence lo tellier by the tooth or teeth, phr. to attract by 
good feeding, to detain by eating. 

Lake].' Betty, whais your Bob? — He's here si'tha tedder'd-bi t'- 
teeth. ne.Lan.' 
10. To marry ; to get married. 

Cld. Tethered to a tawpie Jam.). Edb. The neebours assembled 
lo see Wattie tether'd, Glass Cal. Pat nassus (i8ia) 53. War.'^^ 
Hrf. Bound Proline. (1876). 

TETHER, sA.» Shr.' [te'tS3(r).] A tangle, as of 
weeds. See Tather, sh. 

The so-called Mountain Flax is said 'to pis'n the filds an' mak 
'cm all of a tether,' Siifpl. (s.v. Mountain Flax). 

Hence Tethery, adj. ofweeds, &c. : entangled, entwined. 
Sec Teddery. 
TETHER, .s6.» e.An. See below. Cf. tathfe, 4. 

e.An. The refuse o' clover planted for sheep-feeding ; usually 
with barley. After the harvest the sheep are driven on to the 
clover and eat it off. What is left is 'tether' (E.G. P.'. Nrf. 
Tether includes refuse of roots fed to sheep, dung, wool, and 
'jammed' ground ; primarily, it should be applied to turnip, swede, 
or mangold refuse only (M.C.H. H. ); Fairhead ... harrows the 
pasture crossways to scatter as evenly as possible the 'tether' 
left by the sheep which . . . have been penned upon this field, 
Longman's Mag. Jan. 1899) 234. 

TETHER, see Tether, adj. 

TETHERMENT, sb. Yks. [te'«3fr)ment.] 1. A 

wrapping or bandage of any kind. n.Yks.'*, m.Yks.' 
2. lig. A bcsetment. n.Yks.* 

TETHING, sb. Glo. Wil. Som. [te'tSin.] A stack of 
sheaves— gen. ten — set up in a field. See Tithing, 1. 

Glo.', wil.' (s.v. Tilhing^, n.Wil. (E.H.G.) Som. Men often 
engaged to cut for so much the tething. Beans used to be cut at 
a penny or sometimes a half-penny a tething (W.F.R.). 

TETSAN, see Titsum. 

TETSTICK, sb. Not. [te'tstik.] The stretcher in 
trace-harness. Morton Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 

TETT, see Tait, 56.' 

TETTER, sb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Lin. Won Glo. e.An. 
Hnip. Cor. Also in forms titter Lan.' s.Lan.' Wor. Glo.' 
e.An.'; titther Chs.' [te't3(r); tit3(r).J 1. Ringworm; 
gen. in pi. 

Lan.', s.Lan.'. n.Lin.' w.Cor. A'. ^ Q. (1876) 5th S. v. 434. 
2. A small pimple or pustule; a small ulcer; a blister; a wart. 

Chs.' Wor. There's two or three titters like come up where 
th' swealth is sence I put the powltice on (H.K.). Glo.', Oxf.', 
Brks.', e.An.' Wil. Any sm.nll bcil, but especially one on the 
edge of the tongue. I remember being told by my nurse when 
a child that tetters on the tongue were a punishment for Ijing, 
A'. &^ Q. (1876) 5th S. V. 434. Cor. Charm for a Tetter : ' Tetter, 
tetter, thou hast nine brothers. God bless the flesh and preserve 
the bone ; Perish, thou tetter, and be thou gone. In the name. &c. 
Tetter, teller, thou hast eight brothers. God bless the flesh, . . 
&c.' . . Thus the verses are continued until tetter, having ' no 
brother,' is imperatively ordered to begone, Hunt Pop. Rant. 
w.Eiig. (18651 414, ed. 1806. 

Hence Tcttered. ppl. adj. having sore places; having 
the skin roughened by the wind. Glo.' w.Cor. A'. 6-* Q. 
(1876) 5th S. V. 434. 3. A white scurf on the skin. 
n.Yks.= 4. Hoar-frost. n.Yks.= 5. Co/"/;, (i) Tetter- 
berry, the berries of the white briony, Bryonia dioica; (2) 
•worm, a cutaneous affection, a series of minute pimples. 

(i) Hmp. Children have an idea that the juice of the Iruit will, 
if it touches the skin, produce tetter ,B. & H.). [Skinner (^1671).] 
(2) e.An.' 

|1. OE. teter, ringworm (Sweet).] 

TETTER, V. Or.LCjAM.S;///'/.) [te'tsr.] To hinder, 
delay. Cf tether, sb.' 9. 

TETTER, see Tatter, sb} 

TETTY, sb. Som. Dev. Also in form titty Som. 
[te'ti.] A nosegay. Sec Tutty, .•-/'.' 

Som. Grose (1790) MS. add. (.P.) Dev.' Wid always dole out 
zomelhing — a tetty 0' rosen, or ripe deberries, 5a, cd. Palmer. 
n.Dev. Unnd-bk. (ed. 1877' 259. 

TETTY, sec Tatie, Tet, sb., Titty, adj.'^ 

TETUZ, sb. Obs. Sc. Anything tender ; a delicate 
person. Gall. Mactacgart Fncvcl. (1824). 

TEU. TEUCH, sec Tew, ,-/).', Thou, Deuch. 

TEUCHIT, sb. Sc. Also in forms tchuthet Kcd. ; 
teuchat Abd. Fif. ; touchet Sc. (Jam.); touchit Rch. ; 
tuquheit Sc. (Jam.) Itju'xit. st.l The lapwing or peewit, 
I'anelliis critaliis. Sec Teufit, Tewit. 

Sc. (Jam.) Abd. The teuchat cries for her harried eggs, 
Murray Namcuil/i (1900) 3. Frf. Swainson Birds (1885) 184. 
Fif. The teuchat was followed as it wailed out in circles round 
the intruder. Colville I'ernacntar 1 1899 ^ la. 

Hence (i) Teuchit- or Tuquhelt-storm, sb. a storm gen. 
coincident with the arrival of the lapwing or peewit ; (2) 
lo hunt the leuchil, phr. to be engaged in any fruitless or 
frivolous pursuit. Cf. hunt the gowk, s.v. Gowk, sA.' 3 (3). 




(i) Sc. Some days of severe weather, which occur in March 
about the time of the re-appearance of the lapwing (Jam.). Abd. 
This term is understood as equivalent to the equinoctial storm, as 
the tuquheils make their appearance about the time of the vernal 
equino.t lift.). Kcd. The green plover or peasweep arrives here 
so very correctly about Candlemas term, that the storm which 
gen. happens at that season of the year, goes by its name, the 
Tchuchet-storm,^.g-nc. 5/(to. 396 (16.). (2) n.Sc. It probably alludes 
to the artful means employed by the lapwing, for misleading those 
who seek for her nest in order to carry off her young (Jam.). 
Bch. The senseless fools. Far better for them hunt the touchit Or 
teach their schools, Forbes Dominic (1785) 41. 

TEUCKIE, see Tewkie. 

TEUD, ib. Obs. Fif. (Jam.) [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] A tooth. Hence Teudless, adj. toothless. 

TEUDLE.^'A.andi;. Obs. Fif. (Jam.) 1. 56. The tooth 
of a rake or harrow. Cf. toodle. 2. v. To insert teeth. 

'To teudle a heuk,' to renovate the teeth of a reaping-hook. 

TEU-DRAW, see Todraw. 

TEUFIT, sb. Nhb. Dur. Cum.Wm. Yks. Also written 
tewfit Cum. e.Yks. w.Yks. ; tufit Dur.' n.Yks.'" e.Yks. ; 
tuiffit N.Cy.' ; tuifit Nhb.' ; and in forms tea-fit Lakel.= ; 
teeafit n.Yks.* e.Yks.'; teufet Cum.'*; tewfet n.Cy. 
Cum. Wm. [tiufit.] The lapwing or peewit, Vanelhis 
cn's/a/iis. See Teuchit, Tewit. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790); N Cy.', Nbb.>,Dur.l, Lakel.2, Cum. (J.Ar.), 
Cum.''' n.Yks. Sn'citce Gossip (1882) 161; n.Yks.'^'', ne.Yks.' 
e.Yks. (Miss A.) ; Marshall Riii: Ecoii. (1788) ; e.Yks.' w.Yks. 
Lucas Siud. NirldcrHale (c. 1882) 175. 

Hence (i) Teufit- or Tuiffit-land, sb. cold, damp, bleak, 
and barren land ; (2) •storm, sb. a storm in the spring, 
^eii. coincident with the arrival of the lapwing or peewit. 

(i) N.Cy.' Nhb.' So called from being the common haunt of 
the peewit. Cum., Wm. ' Puir tewfet-laand,' sometimes said in 
scorn of ill-managed, undrained ground, as of barren soil (M.P.). 
(2) N.Cy.', Nhb.' (s.v. Storm). 

TEUG, see Tug, f.' 

TEUGH, int. Sc. Also in form tew. [tjux-] An 
exclamation of disgust, contempt, or impatience. 

Ayr. Teugh ! what woman wad be sneakin' through public 
houses? Hunter Sluilies (1870) 188; An'rock Boyd's mother, ye 
ken ; but tew ! what need I tell thee she was An'rock Boyd's 
mother for ? Service Dr. Dugiiid (ed. 1887) 218. 

TEUGH, see Tew, i'.'. Tough. 

TEUGHSOME, see Tewsome. 

TEUGS, s6. #/. Sc. 1. Trousers; the thighs of a pair 
of breeches. S. & Ork.', Cld. (Jam.) 2. Clothes, ' togs.' 
Cld. (Jam.) 

TEUK, si.' Nrf. Ess. Ken. Also written teuke Nrf. ; 
tuke Ken.' [tiuk.] 1. The redshank, Tolamts calidiis. 

Nrf. Cozens-Hardy Broad Nrf. (1893) 47. Ess.', Ken.i 

2. liViC cur\c\v, Nunietiitisarqtiata. Nrf. Cozens-Hardyj'A. 

3. The wliimbrel, A^ phaeopus. ib. 4. The godwit, 
Liinosa lapponica. ib. 

TEUK, sA.* Sc. Also in forms took, tuik (Jam.). A 
disagreeable taste, a by-taste. Cf. tack, sh.^, tew, v.'^ 

Lnk., Lth., Rxb. 'That meal has a teuk.' 'This maun be sea- 
borne meal, it has a vile muisty teuk.' When meal is made from 
corn tliat has been heated in the stack the peculiar taste is 
denominated the ' het tuik' ^JAM.). Dmf. Wallace Schoolmaslcr 
(1899) 354- 

TEUKIN, ppl. adj. Obs. Sc. (Jam.) [Not known to 
our correspondents.] 1. Quarrelsome, troublesome. n.Sc. 
2. Of the wind: variable, shifting. s.Sc. 

TEUL, TEULY, see Tool, Tewly. 

TEUM, TEUMB, TEUMM, see Toom. 

TEUNY, (?(//■. Dor. Weak, sickly, undersized. Cf. tewly. 

Alway a teuny, delicate piece ; her touch upon your hand was 
as soft as wind. Hardy Woodlanders (1S87 1 I. iv : Mostly used of 
children (T.H.). 

TEUP, TEURD, see Tup, sb., Turd. 

TEUT, TEUTLE. see Toot, i-.^, Teatle. 

TEUT-MEUT, TEUTTLE, see Tootmoot, Tootle, v."- 

TEVEL, i;. Sc. Also in form tevvel (Jam.), [trvl ; 
te'vl.] To confuse ; to put into a disorderly state. 

Dmf. Gavvn up and down the country levelling and screeching 
like a wild bear, Carlyle Leit. (1828) ; (Jam.) 

TEW, s6.' Sc. Yks. Stf. Won Som. Also written teu 
Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) ; tu Stf 'j tue Sc. (Jam. Siippl.) ; and in 
form too se.Wor.' [tiu, tii.] 1. The nozzle or tube of 
the bellows of a forge or furnace. Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) 

2. The long pincers with which a blacksmith draws a 
piece of iron from his forge, ib. 3. Iron hardened with 
a piece of cast iron. Sc. (Jam.) 4. The leather catches 
of a drum by which the cords are tightened. 

Sc. Often applied to both cords and catches {]\^\. Suppl.'). Per. 
Allows the drummer to get as many new tews as will serve the 
drum, Beveridge Ciilross (1885) II. 90. 
5. Conip. (i) Tew-iron or Tuarn, (a) the nozzle or tube 
of the bellows of a forge or furnace; (b) the long pincers 
with which a blacksmith draws a piece of iron from his 
forge ; [c) one of the stones at the bottom of a furnace 
which receive the metal ; (2) -iron bore, iron hardened 
with a piece of cast iron for making it stand the fire in a 
forge ; (3) -iron wall, obs., see (i, c). 

(i, a) Per. To be discharged of their worke by stryking out of 
their teu iyron, and thair other workloums to be disposed upon 
our pleasour, Beveridge Culross (1885) II. 166 (Jam. Suppl.). 
w.Yks. 2 A tube of iron put on the nose of a bellows to prevent 
the nose from being destroyed by fire. Often pron. tewern. 
se.Wor.^ The short iron tube at the back of a blacksmith's forge, 
into which the nozzle of the bellows is inserted. w.Som.' (6) 
Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) (c) Stf. In iron works the hearth of the furnace 
into which the ore and coal fall is built squere [s/c^, the sides 
descending obliquely and drawing narrow to the bottom like ye 
hopper of a mill. At this bottom or bosches there be four stones 
set perpendicular that make a square to receive the metal, of 
which four stones or walls that next the bellows is called the 
Tuarn or Tuiron wall (K.) ; Stf.' (2) Rxb. (Jam., s.v. Lew arne 
bore) ; Thro smeekie flame they him addrest Thro pipe and lew 
arne fmistake for 'tew arne'] bore, A. Scott Poems, 144 {ib.). (3) 
Stf. (K.) 

[1. Fr. tuyere, a blast-pipe (Hatzfeld).] 

TEW, sb.^ Not. Bdf. w.Cy. [teu, tiu.] A quantity or 

Not. Such a tew of sheep (L.C.M.). Bdf. A great tew of sheep, 
Batciielor .^/!n/. Eiig. Lang. (1809) 146. w.Cy. (Hall.) 

TEW, 5^.^ Som. A hempen string. (Hall.) 

TEW, sb.* Obs. Suf. A ducking-chair. 

Women that bene common chiders amonge their neighbours, 
and will not chastize their ill tongue to missaye folke, leutt them 
be chastized bi the Justice called ye Tew (ducking chair), or else 
leutt them make grievous ranzome. Liber Secundiis, Domesday of 
Ipswich, in Calal. R. Acad. (i8gi) 59. 

TEW, sb.^ Qbsol. w.Cy. Materials for work. (G.E.D.) 

TEW, v.\ sb.^ and adj."- Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Der. Not. Lin. Nhp. War. e.An. s.Cy. and Amer. 
Also written teugh w.Yks.'; tu Nhb.' Cum.'; tue Sc. 
N.Cy.' Yks. Der.' Lin. ; and in forms teaw e.Lan.' s.Lan.' 
e.An.*; too Yks.; tyaou Abd.; pret. tew Bnff.' ; tyu 
Abd. [teu, till.] 1. v. Obs. To beat or dress hemp. 
s.Cy. Ray (1691). Cf taw, z'.'^ 2. Obs. To dress or tan 
leather. See Taw, v.'^ 

n.Yks. 2 ' Tewing," the process with animal skins for making 
them into soft leather. 'Item, pro tewing xiiii pellum luporum, 
IS. 9rf.," IVhitby Rolls (1396). [(K.).] 

3. To stir up ; to mix, blend ; to pound ; to knead. Cf. 
tave, v.'^, taw, v.'^ 2. 

Abd. She tyu a cyahk an' Jock gyapit it up (G.C.). n.Cy. 
(Hall.) n.Yks.* Tew't weel. e.Yks. Best Rur. Ecoii. (1641) 
138 ; e.Yks.' A bricklayer will tell his labourer to tew his mortar 
well, MS. add. (T H.) w.Yks.' He teugh'd mortar; w.Yks.^ 
That lime wants belter tewing. 

4. To shake, toss ; to keep in motion ; to rumple, dis- 
arrange, tumble ; to pull about ; with over: to turn over. 
Cf tow, i;.*, taw, v.' 3. 

N.Cy.' Ye'll tue all my cap. Nhb.' Mi goon wis aal tew'd. 
Dur.' My gown's sadly tew'd. e.Dur.' Yks. They tued and 
poised me shaamefool, Fetherston T. Goorkrodgcr (1870) 75. 
n.Yks. He tewed amang t'cleeas (I.W.) ; n.Yks.i^^^fl ne.Yks.' 
T'lahtle lass tews hersen sadly in bed. e.Yks.', m.Yks.' w.Yks.* 
A table-cloth or shirt-front is said to have 'gotten very much 
tewed ' when all the stifTness has been taken out of it, and instead 
of being smooth it has become much wrinkled. ne.Lan.', 
nw.Der.' Not. Don't tew it about a' that how (L.C.M.) ; (J.H.B.) 




Lin ' n.Lin.' That haay wants tewin' oher. Hes that mo'ter 
been well tcw'd ' ne.Lin. (E. S.) e.An.' To pull, tear, and tumble 
about, as hay with the fork and rake, a weedy soil with plough 
and harrow. 

Hence Tewing, ppl. adj. in phr. a tewing haytime, one 
which involves additional trouble in turning over the hay 
owing to rain. n.Yks.^ 5. To exhaust, fatigue, tire ; to 
trouble, harass, bother; to overcome. 

Abd. Sair tewed wi' wark I laid me down, Shelley Flowers 
(i863) 54. Dmf. Often used in regard to sickness (Jam.). Gall. 
Mactagcart Eitcyd. (i824\ Kcb. They wud be sair tue't afore 
they gat him,TKOiTER Gall. Gossip (1901) 233. N.Cy.' He lues 
himself. Nhb.''Tew'd ti bits,' overcome with exertion. Dur.', 
e.Dur.', w.Dur.' Cum.* S — went down before K — , who was sair 
tewetl in the operation. . . . The two giants could not be said to 
have tew'd themselves much, C. Pair. (June 30, 1893) 3, col. 3. 
n.Yks.' Ah 'ed'nt need git mysen tew'd at a do le\'ke this, 59. 
ne.Yks.' Noo thco maun't tew ihisen wi' tjob. e.Vks.' Ah's 
ommost tew'd ti deealh. ni.Yks.' w.Yks.' Is parfitly teughed 
to deaih ; w.Yks.^* Lan. No matter heavy awm teawd wi' th" 
child Tlieaw sleeps, Standing Echoes (1885 1 19. n.Lan.', m.Lan ', 
s.Lan.', Der.'^ Not.* Doan't mck 'er tew 'ersen. Lin. Doant 
tew theeself a that how (J.C.W.). n.Lln.' What wi' sun, an' what 
wi' flees, I was fairly tew'd when I got to chech door. sat. Lin.' 
Doctor told me not to tew mysen. [Amer. I'm tewed and fretted, 
Carkuiii Kait. Univ. Quar. (1892) I.] 

Hence Tewing, (i) />//. drf/'. toilsome, wear3'ing; worry- 
ing, tedious; (21 sb. fatigue, worry. 

(i) NCy.'. e.Dur.', n.Yks,' ne.Yks.' It's tewin' deed. ne.Lan.' 
(2) n.Yks.* I cannot bide tewing. «w.Lin.' Doctor told me . . . 
not to do owt to cause any tewing. 

6. To annoy, vex ; to tease, importune, pester ; to urge, 

n.Cy. Grose (1790;; (J.L. 1783). e.Dur.' She fairly tewed his 
life out. Cum.' ; Cum.^ Git oot wid the, Jwohnn}', Thou's tew't 
me reet sair, 41; Cum.* w.Yks. Hutton Tour to Caves (1781"). 
Lan.', s.Lan ', Lin.' n.Lin.' Mester's straangc an' tewed 'cos his 
parshil fra Lunnun hesn't cum'd. 

7. To tow. n.Cy. Grose (1790I. Hence Tewing-rope, 
sb. a tow-rope. e.An.'' (s.v. Teaw). 8. To toss, shake 
about: to be restless or constantly moving; to fidget; 
gen. with about. 

Abd. Fat are ye tyaouin'at? (G.C.) n.Yks.' e.Yks. He was 
tewing about in bed (Miss A.). m.Yks.' w.Yks. T'poor lass was 
desperit bad all yesterday neeeiit an' tossed an' tewed aboot till 
on ti bedlahme. Stonehouse Tom KM, 26, in Leeiis Merc. Suppl. 
(Dec. 24, 18991; w.Yks.' ii. 291. Lan. It [a tree] tosses, thaa 
knows, an' tews i'th' tempest, Mather Idylls (1895) 269. Not. 
The dog's had it tewing about in his mouth ever so long (L,C.M.^. 
Lin.' n.Lin.' Deary me, bairn, do sit stiil ; 1 niver seed noabody 
tew aboot as thoo doz e' all my life. sw.Lin.' He always tews 
about like that. 
9. To toil, labour ; to work hard ; to pull, struggle ; to 
contend, strive ; freq. in phr. to tug and teiv (q.v.). 

Sc. (Jam.) BnfT,' He tew through a' the logs o's nout (s.v. 
Tyauve . Slk.fjAM.) Rxb. To see a lass . . . gae tewin' day and 
night to put anither lass in his airras, Hamilton Outlaws (1897) 
206. Dmf. (Jam.) Gall. He tue'd at it for an hour or twa (J.M.;. 
N.Cy.' Nhb.' Aa've tew'd at the job till aa's paid. e.Dur.' 
Lakel,* Ye o know what 'tis ta hev ta tew an' slave. Cum. 
Bcath teyke-lcyke tuing roun' the barn, Gilpin Sags. (1866I 204 ; 
Cum.'* Wm, The double o' t'wark . . . Wi' riving an tewin' ta 
h:\ve ther ane way, Spec. Dial. [1880I pt. ii. 31. Yks. The loving 
fat mother hawf a mile below, looingat heryounguns, Fetherston 
Famiei;6i. n.Yks.'^* ne.Yks.' Sha's had ti tew hard, sha'sbrowt 
up a stlhrong fam'ly. e.Yks.'. m.Yks.' w.Yk».= ; w.Yks.3 He's 
tew'd with it long enough ; w.Yks.* ' Nobbud to luk here ! ye may 
rive-an'-tug-an'laew an' yuh can't hardly brek 'em,' says a vendor 
of bootlaces. Lan. O yo pined and teawed for, Clegg5*</i-/i« (1895) 
tS ; Lan.' ne.Lan.', e.Lan,', s.Lan.', Der.', nw.Der.', Not.' Lin. 
But'e tued an' moil'd 'issdn de5d, Tennyson A'. Farmer, New Style 
(1870) St. 13. Nbp.' An old asthmatic patient replied, 'Oh! Sir, 
I go tewing and tewing along.' War.*, Ess.' 

Hence (1) Tewer, sb. (a) a hard worker ; an industrious, 
energetic person ; (b) an agitator ; {2) Tewing, ppl. adj. 
hard-working, industrious, energetic. 

(i, (I'l Lakel.* He's a tcwcr is yon. n.Yks.* w.Yks. In a 
world 'at contains a good deal moar idlers nur tewcrs, Yksman. 
(July 1878; 10. (4) n.Yks.* (2) N.Cy.' A tuing soul. Nhb.' 

By Jove ! thou is a tuing sow, Chicken Collier's tytdding (1729^. 
w.Yks. The blacksmith wor a steady, tewin', sober chap, Yksman. 
XXXVI. 678. ne.Lan." 

10. To fuss over work ; to bustle about ; to move about 
quickly ; gen. with about. 

Wni. She was tewing round like an old hen (A.T.). Not.'* 
se.Lin. What arc you tewing about 1 (J.T.B.) 

11. With in : to examine ; to look into a matter. 
n.Yks. He dizn't like t'matler to be tewed in (I.W.). 

12. Phr. (t) /o /tw among it, to work hard; to struggle 
on through life; (2) — one's shirt, to trouble oneself; to 
worry ; (3) — up, to give up, abandon. 

(i) w.Yks. Ha's yaar Mally ! Tewin' ameng it th' same as me, 
aw reckon. Hartley Seels i' Lundiin, 135, in Leeds Merc. Siipfil. 
(Dec. 24, 1899). (2) n.Lin.' I'm not agooin to do onylhing o' 
soort, an' soa you nead n't tew ycr shet (s.v. Shet\ (3, w.Yks. 
If he didn't tew it up, Yksmaii. (Feb 3, 1877) 10, col. 2. 

13. sb. A Struggle, difficulty ; a laboured eftort ; fatigue, 
trouble ; an annoyance, worry ; a disturbed state. 

Abd. I've an ahfu tyaou every nicht to get my sliooder stappit 
(G.C). s.Sc. Sairtevvs (Jam.). Dmf. 'Twas in sair tews we was, 
Hamilton Mawkin (1898) 279. N.Cy.' We have got here at last; 
but we had a great tue. Nhb.' Aa'd a hivvy tew ti get here. 
Man, we'd sair tews amang us to manage wor keel. Cum.' 
He's hed a sare tu on't ; Cum.* Ey ! it was a sair tew that, 
Dickinson Cumbr. (ed. 1876) 71. 'Wm. She had a hard tew to 
bring up her family (B.K.). n.Yks.* 'The last tew,' the final 
struggle. — death. e.Yks.' Ah've had a sad tew wi temptation. 
w.Yks. It's been a weary moild an tew, Preston /^o^/i/5 ^1864) 5 ; 
w.Yks.** Lin.' I need-na put myself into such a tew. sw.Lin.' 
It puts me in such a tew. 

14. A pulley for raising weights. e.An.* 15. adj. Obs. 
Fatigued. Gall. Mactagcart Encycl. (1824). 

[2. Tewyn lethyr, fntnio, corrodio (Prompt.). 6. Cp. 
OE. tdiviaii, to treat Isadly, insult, scourge (HallK] 

TEW, t^.* and 5i.' ? Obs. n.Sc. (Jam.) 1. t/. Of grain : 
to become damp and acquire a bad taste. 2. sb. A bad 
taste, esp. that occasioned by dampness. Cf teuk, 5A.* 

TE'W, v.^ w.Sc. (Jam.) To overdo in cooking; to 
make tough. 

Meat is said to be tewed when roasted with so slow a fire that 
it becomes tough. 

TEW, adj.' Hmp. I.W. [tiu.] Tender, sickly, small, 
weak. See Tewly. 

Hmp.' I.W.' ; I.W.* That bvvoy sims terbul tew vor hes age. 

TEW, TEWAT, see Teugh, Tewit. 

TEWEL, ii!'. Obs. Dur. Stf. e.An. Dev. Also written 
tuel Stf Dev. 1. The vent or fundament of a horse. 

Stf. Kay (1691) MS. add. (J.C.) e.An.', Nrf. (Hall.) Dev. 
Horae Suhsecivae (1777) 429. 

2. A tail. Dur. (K.) 

[At his flank and also at his tuell, Fitzherbert //»«6. 
(1534) 37. OFr. tuel, a pipe, tube.] 

TEWEL, TEWEN, see Tool, Towan. 

TEWER, sA.' War. Glo. Oxf. Also written tuer War. 
Glo. Oxf.; and in form ture War. Oxf [tiu'a r).] A 
narrow lane or passage ; an alley. See Chare, i6.' 

War. Go up the tewer to the right (,W.K.W.C.) ; War.** 
s.War. (E.S.); s. War.' 'Which Mrs. Hancox do you want!' 'Her 
as lives up the tewer.' Glo. My father's grandfather lived in that 
'ere houssen up that ' iacr,' GwiSsCotswold Vill. (1898) 388. Oxf. 
A narrow path between two fences (M.A.R.); N. iSr" Q. 11872) 4th 
S. X, 476. n.Oxf. The narrow alley or passage between two rows 
of houses which is so frequently met with in the villages round 
Banbury, ib. (1869) 4th S. iv. 75. 

TEWER, sA.* War. Wor. Shr. Also in forms tuer 
War. Won; tweer Shr.'* The ventilating passage of a 
blast furnace ; also in camp. Tweer-hole ; //. the bellows 
of a furnace. Cf tew, sA.' 

War., Wor. The aperture surrounded with water in a blacksmith's 
hearth through which the air from the bellows reaches the fire 
(E.S.). Shr.'* 

T^WZY,adj. Glo.e.An. [tiui.] 1. Delicate, nualmish. 

Glo. I be that tcwey and narvous, I don't know what 1 be about, 
Longmans Mag. (July 1899^ 276. 
2. Squeamish in eating, dainty. e.An.' 

TEWIT, sb. Sc. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. Chs. Also in 
forms tee-wheet Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) ; tee-wit Sc. (Jam. 




Sitppl.) w.Yks. ; tewat n.Lan.'; tewet Cum.** vv.Yks.* ; 
tewhit Gall. ; tewith w.Yks. ; tuet VVm. Lan. ; tuwit 
Clis. [tiuwit, -at.] The lapwing or peewit, Vanelliis 
cristatiis. See Teuchit, Teuflt. 

Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) Slk. Tlie plover whistles in the glen. The 
tevvit tilts above the fen, Borland Yarioui (1890) 117. Dmf. 
Wallace 5c//oo/);Irts/<)■^ 1899). Gall. Eggs, somewhat like tewhit 
eggs in size and colour, Mactaggart fiior/. (1824) 383, ed. 1876. 
Kcb. SwAiNSONS/jo'i (1885) 184. Cum.'", Wni.', n.Yks.«, ra.Yks.' 
w.Yks. Lucas Stud. Niddcrdak (c. 1882I 284; Land at willat 
summer a tewith, Yksman. (1875) 32; Swainson ib.; w.Yks.', 
Lan.', n.Lan.', ne.Lan.', e.Laii.', ni.Lan,', s.Lan.' Chs. I shan't 
sweep no chimbkys so long as tuwits' eggs is agate, Pall Mall 
Mag. (Sept. 1901) 138. 

Hence (1) Tiuiters, sb.pi, (2) Tiuit-land, sb., (3) -landers, 
sb. pL, see below. 

( 1 , 2, 3'! w.Yks. The districts of Hanging Heaton and Earlsheaton 
are in derision termed 'tiuit-land ' in Batley and Dewsbury. The 
nativcsare spoken of as 'tiuit-ers,' or 'tiuit-landers.' In the phr. — 
the use of which is not confined to one locality— reference is made 
to the loneliness and barrenness of the places affected by the 
melancholy peewit (B.K.\ 

TEWITISH, adj. Lan.' [tiuitij.] Wild, foolish. 

TEWKIE, sb. and /;;/. Sc. Irel. Also written teuckie 
Sc. ; tukey Ant.; tukie Sc. [tjtiki.] 1. sb. A hen; 
freq. used as a nickname ; also in co;;;/. Tukie-hen ; a dial, 
form of ' chucky.' 

Sc. Her mither aye flytes at her wee tukie hen, Edwards Mod. 
Poets. Ant. Ballyiiieim Obs. (1892). 

2. inl. A call to fowls. 

Sc.(A.W.) Cai. At the dairy-woman's feeblest ' Teuckie 1 ' not 
a wing was left aside, R^Lennan Ftus. /.{/«• (1871) I. 306 ; Cai.' 
Lnk. Heardye weans cry ' teucl<ie, teuckie ! ' Miller H'lllic Winkle 
(ed. 1902 iQ. Ant. Ballyineiia Obs. (1892). 

TEWLY, adj. Bdf e.An. s.Cy. Hmp. Wil. Dor. Also 
written teuly Ess.' ; tewley w.Cy. Wil.' ; tuley Wil.' ; 
tuly e.Cy. Suf Ess. s.Cy. Hnip.; and in form tooly Bdf 
Ess. Hmp.' [tiu'li, tuli.] 1. Weak, sickly, delicate ; 
poorlj', unwell. 

Bdf. A tewly child (J.'W.B.). Cmb. Charnock Gl. (1880V SuM 
Ess.iS.P.H."; Ess.' [Ofjaperson feeling rather poorly in the morning 
and not relishing his breakfast, 'You aie rather teuly this morning.' 
e. &s.Cy. Ray 11691). Hmp. A tuly little thing (H.C.M.B.); A 
tooly man or woman, Grose (,1790) ; Hmp.' w.Cy. Grose (1790). 
Wil.', Dor.i 

Hence Tewly-stomached, ppl. adj., obs., having a weak 
stomach. Suf e. & s.Cy. Ray (1691). 2. Bad, poor. 

Hmp. 'Tis a tuly season for lambs, they say (H.C.M.B.). 

3. Improving in health. 

Ess. 'Thomas is tuly to-day, he'll soon be at work again.' 
GeUing: very uncommon (H.H.M.\ 

TEWSOME, adj. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. Also written 
teughsome w.Yks.' ; tusome Cutn.'* [teu'sam, tiusam.] 

1. Troublesome, tiresome ; restless, unquiet. See Tew, 
v."- 6. 

Cum.' He's been a tusome bairn ; Cum.* Wm. Amairtewsorae 
barn All nivver nursed ( B.K.). n.Yks.'' w.Yks.' For seur, this 
is a lile teughsome barn. ii. 195 ; w.Yks.^ ' Doan't be so tewsome! ' 
a mother says to her baby. ne.Lan.i 

2. Hard-working, industrious. 

w.Yks. He's t'nioast tewsome chap 'at ivver ah knew (jE.B.). 

TEWTER, V. and sb. Obs. Chs. Shr. 1. v. To beat 
or dress hemp ; a dial, form of 'tew-taw.' See Tew, i/.' 1. 

SUr.'Tobeat and break the hemp stalk after it had been subjected 
to the action of fire. . , Tewtering was the second process of hemp- 
dressing. . . Hemp and flax were treated alike. [To tew-taw hemp, 
to beat or dress the same in an engine made for that purpose, 
WoRLiDGE £)/c/. (1681).] 
2. sb. An implement for breaking flax or hemp. 

Chs. (Hall.), Chs.' Shr.' The tewler consisted of two parts, 
upper and lower, respectively ; the latter being a long, narrow, 
oaken frame, standing upon four legs, about two feet three inches 
in height, and furnishctl with a range of four strong bars, extending 
its whole length. These bars were of ' cloven quarter oak '— the 
triangular segment of a squared block — and were fixed with the 
keen edge topmost. The upper part had three bars of like kind, 
so set as to fit the interspaces of those beneath. It was joined to 
the lower part at one end by a pair of ' gudgeons,' which acted as 
hinges in such a manner, that it could be plied up and down by 

means of a handle, which the operator worked with his right 
hand, while he held the hemp witli his left, to be tewtered between 
the several parts of the implement. 
TEWTLE, see Teatle, Tootle, u' 

TEWTRUMS, sb. pi. e.An. Odds and ends, pieces of 
finery ; all sorts of small tools. e.An.=, Nrf. (M.C.H.B.) 

TEXT, V. ne.Lan.* [tekst.] To write an engrossing 
liand or German text. 
TEY, see Take, Thee, pers. pron., Thy, Tye, s6.' 
TEYA, TEYCH(E, see Tone, niiin. adj., Teach. 
TEYDN, TE-YEAR, see They, Toyear. 
TEYEN, TEYKE, see Tone, iiuiii. adj., Tike, 56.* 
TEYL-PEYAT, TEYN, see Talepyet, They. 
TEYSTRILL, TEYTHER. see Taistrel, Titter, adv. 
TH', see Thee, pers. pron.. Thou. 
THA, see Thee, pers. pron.. They, Thou, Thy. 
THAAF-CAKE, THAAVLE, see Tharfcake, Thavvel. 
THABBLE, sb. Yks. [)>a'bl.] The plug in a leaden 

n.Yks.' Having a shank long enough to project above the surface 
of the milk, [it] may be removed without breal;ing the cream, and 
on its removal the milk flows away and leaves the cream behind ; 
n.Yks.'*, m.Yks.' 

THACH, see Thac(k. 

THAC(K, dent. pron. and dem. adj. Glo. Wil. Dev. Cor. 
Also written thak Dev.; and in forms thach Glo.'^; 
thackey Dev. ; thacky Cor.' ; thact, thakka Dev. [tSaek ; 
SsE'ki.] 1. dent. pron. That. Cf thic(k. 

Glo.', Wil.' (s.v. Pronouns). s.Wil. Thac's the way I do do, 
Monthly Mag. (1814) II. 114. Dev. BowRiNG La>ig. (18661 I. pt. 
v. 27 ; A taply moment for sich a quandary as thact, Madox- Brown 
Dwale Bluth (1876) bk. \. iv. n.Dev. Britting o' thick an crazing 
thack. Rock Jim an' Nell (1867) St. 7. Cor.* 
2. dent. adj. That, yonder. 
Dev. Down to the caunder o' thackey lane, Ellis Prouimc. 
(1E89) V. 163. 

THACK, v.*, sb. and adj. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. 
Yks. Lan. Chs. Stf Der. Not. Lin. Rut. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Wor. Shr. Oxf Brks. Bdf Hnt. e.An. Ken. Also written 
thak Sc. (Jam.) Nhb.' Lakel.'Wm. m.Yks.' w.Yks.^ Lin.; 
and in form taek Sh.L ; thake Nhb.' [Jjak, fiaek.] 1. v. 
To thatch, roof ; to cover ; to lay on. Cf theak, v.^ 

Sc. (Jam.) Sh.I. I min see an' get as mony pones oot o* da ert 
as can taek wir byre, Sh. News (Aug. 14, 1897I. ne.Sc. She's nae 
able to get her bit lioose thackit, Green Goidonhaven (1887) 122. 
Frf. A thackit house upon a muir, Jamie Emigrant's Family (1853'; 
39. Ayr. Had not Providence been pleased ... to cause a foul 
lum in a thacket house in the Seagate to take fire. Galt Gilhai&e 
(1823) xxi. Lnk. Weel I like the bit wee thackit biggin . . . 
Whaur I first saw licht, Thomson Musings (1881) 5. Edb. A low 
thacked cottage, a but and a ben, Beatty Secietar (1897) 7'- 
Nhb.' Dur. Big cneugh to ha' thack'd a peat-moo, Egglestone 
Betty Podkins' Visit (1877) ir. Lakel.', Cum.' Wm. Thak it well 
up (B.K.); Wm.', n.Yks.'2*, ne.Yks.', m.Yks.', w.Yks."245^ 
n.Lan. CW.H.H."), n.Lan. >, ne.Lan.', e.Lan.', s.Lan.', Do.', 
nw.Der.i rjot. There's not many left as knows how to thack 
(L CM.) ; Not.', n.Lin.', ne.Lin. (E.S.) s.LJji. Go and thack yon 
hay-stack (F.H.W.). se.Lin. (J.T.B.) sw.Lin.' He's agate 
thacking stacks. Rut.' The roof's very bad. I must get Johnny 
Clarke to thack it. Lei.', Nhp.", War."3*, s.War.', w.Wor.', 
Brks. (W.H.Y.), Bdf. (J.W.B.), Hnt. (T.P.F.), e.An.' Ken. As 
many cloaths as he could thack on (K.). 

Hence (i) Thacker, si. a thatchcr; (2) Thacking, sb. 
(a) the thatch of a building; (b) in phr. a thacking of bread, 
a bread-creel full of bread, oatcake, &c., hanging from the 
ceiling ; (3) Thackingpeg, sb. a peg used in thatching ; 
(4) -rope, sb. a rope of straw used for thatching ; (5) 
-spurkle, sb., obs., a broad stick for thatching with ; (6) 
Thackster, sb., see (i). 

(i) Sc. Blaekw. Mag. (Oct. 1820) 14 (Jam.); The thacker said 
to his man, Let us raise this ladder, if we can, Ramsay Prozr. 
(1737). Abd. I took Willie Norry, the thacker, intae the hoose, 
Abd. Wkly. Free Press (Sept. 15, 1900). N.Cy.', Lakel.' Wm. 
They throw t'barns on t'riuf, if he stops up they inak him intul 
a thacker (B.K.). n.Yks."*, ne.Yks.', m.Yks.', w.Yks. (J.W.), 
ne.Lan.', e.Lan.', s.Lan.', Cbs."^, Not.', Lin.', n.Lin.' ne.Lin. 
To work like a thacker (E.S). sw.Lin.' Lei.' As 'oongry as a 




thacker. A goos like a tliacker. Nhp.', e.An.* (2, o) w.Yks.*, 
B.Lan.l (A) w.Yks.^ 13^ ne.Lin. (E.S.) (4. 8.Lan.> (5) Gall. 
Mactagcart ^wyf/. (1824). (6) e.An.' o.Nrf. Marshall Kiir. 
EcoH. U787). 

2. sb. A thatch ; a roof or covering, csp. of straw ; 
materials for thatching. 

Sc. (Jam.) Kcd. Gin the tliack sud catch 'Twill burn like tarry 
towe, GnANT Lays (1884) 28. Lnk. Wi' velvet fug the thack was 
green, Hamilton /'arms (1865) 89. Gall. The iliack'salT the bjre, 
Crockett Raiilers (1894'! xii. N.Cy.', Nhb.', Dur.', w.Dur.'. 
Lakel.'^, Cum.', n.Yks.' S3*, ne.Yks.', e.Yks.' m.Yks.i As thick 
as aud thak to-gedder [said of persons on terms of close intimacy]. 
w.Yks.'^3*5 Lan. Yo'n a good tliack o' j'ure, Clegg Skelihcs 
(1895I 308. n.Lan.', ne.Lan.', e.Lan.', Chs."'^ Midi. Marshall 
liur. EcuH. (17961 II. n.Stf.The swallows as was under the thack, 
Geo. Eliot A. Bcde (1859) I. 167, Cabinet ed. Der. Th' cottages 
es med o' coork, wi' real ryegrass thack, Gilchrist Pcaklaiid 
(1897) 22. Not." It blew the thack off on it. Lin.', n.Lin.', 
se.Lin. (J.T.B. ) sw.Lin.' It wanted summas doing at it : it were 
oppen reiet away to the thack. Rut.' Used sometimes of the 
hackle covering a bee-hive. Lei.' This 'ere thack's a very bad un, 
it lets the reen in. Nhp.' In the old adage : 'Thack and dike, 
Northamptonshire like ' ; Nhp.', War.**, w.Wor.' Oxf. N. & Q. 
(1832) ist S. V. 364. Brks. (W.H.Y.), Bdf. (J.W.B.), Hat. 
(T.P.F.), e.An.' e.Nrf. Marshall Rur. Emu. (1787). 

Hence (i) Thackless, adj. {a) without a thatch, roof- 
less; (Zi) 7?^. uncovered; hatless; (2) Thacky,s6. a thatched 

(i, a) Sc. (Jam.) Rxb. The auld Redheuch tower stands thakless 
and woefu' this day, Hamilton Ontlmvs (1897) 209. Dmf. Some 
priest maun preach in a thackless kirk, Cromek Renmins (1810) 
284, (6) Sc. Want minds them on a thackless scaup, Wi' a' their 
pouches bare, Tarras Poems (1804) 17 (Jam.). (2) Cum." T'roof 
was offen meade o' streeah, an' than t'hoose was dubbed a thacky. 

3. Long, coarse grass, &c. growing on moors. 

Lin. In the Lin. sea marsh, 'thack' is used of rushes and grasses 
growing in dykes, though never now used for thatching, and esp. 
of Aiuiido Pliragmiles, Streatfeild Lin. and Danes (1884) 370. 
n.Lin.' 'We've so mony snaakes and hetherds we're forced to set 
th' thack afire to get shut on "em." . . The thack . . . meant was 
the rough grass growing around. 

4. Waste corn left in the fields unraked. Nrf. Morton 
Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 5. Comb. (1) Thack-and-niortar, 

Jig.m good earnest; with all one's might; (2) and-raip 
or -rape, the thatch and rope used in covering a stack ; 
y?^. cover, shelter; good order; control; (3) -band, a rope 
of straw for securing thatch ; (4) -bottle, a bundle of 
thatching material ; (5) -brod, a peg used in fastening down 
thatch ; (6) -bunch, see (4) ; (7) -cord, thick tarred string 
used in thatching; (8) -covered, thatched; (9) -gate, the 
sloping edge of the gable-tops of a house, when the thatch 
covers them ; (10) -lead, obs., a leaden roofing ; (11) -nail, 
(12) -peg:, (13) -pin, (14) -preg, (15) -prick, (16) -prod, see 
(5)1 (17) -rape, see (31 ; (18) -rovven, roof-damaged ; (19) 
•skew, projecting stones walled in to cover the junction 
of slating with walling; (20) -sparrow, the house-sparrow, 
Passer doinestiais ; (21) -spelk, see (5); (22) -spittle or 
•spurtle, a tool used in thatching ; (23) -sting, a thatching 
needle; (24) -stob, see (5); (25) -stone, stone used for 
roofing houses ; (26) -stopple, a handful of straw pre- 
pared for thatching; (27) -straw, straw for thatching; (28) 
■teng, see (23) ; (29) -tiles, obs., roof-tiles. 

(i) Not.' Lin. He went at it thack and mortar, Thompson ///«/. 
fioi/oM (1856) 727 ; Lin.' Lei.' Ah een't doon mooch woo'k todee, 
nur ah shain't dew non to-morra ; but ah shall set tew next dee 
thack-an'-mortar. Nhp.' (2) Sc. If it's your honour, we'll a' be 
as right and tight as thack and rape can make us, ScorrCiiy M. 
(1815I 1 ; ' In thack and rape,' in order, denoting what is completely 
secured or perfectly well regulated. ' Under thack and raip,' snug 
and comfortable. ' Out of a thack and raip,' applied to one who acts 
in a disorderly way (Jam.). ne.Sc. The corn is all 'in ' now, and 
stands safe under ' thack and rape ' in the barnyard, Gordon Notlli- 
ward Ho (1894) 165. Ayr. An' nought but his ban' darg to keep 
Them right an' tight in thack an' rape, Burns Two Dogs (1786) 
1. 78. Rxb. Call me cut lugs if I dinna . . . hae Joan safe under 
thak and rape at Hermitage before the first note o' the gowk 
rings through Liddesdale, Hamilton Outlaws (1897)211. Gall. 
The crops of corn . . . should be in the stackyards under thack 
and rape by the second day of September, Crockltt Raidiis 

(1894) /orm-orrf. (3) n.Yks.', ne.Yks.' (4) Cum.'« (5) w.Yk?. 
A pair a leather galbses teed tut end ov a Ihack-brod, Tom 
Treddlehovle Dainisia Aim. (1855) 18; w.Yks.» 16 e.Lth. 
She . . . sheltered herself in his huge bosom, like a scared little 
mousie under a thackbunch on a thrashing day, Mucklebackit 
Rhymes (,1885) 171. (7) 8.Lin. We want a new ball o'thack-cord 
(F.H.W.). ;8) Lnk. Our hamcwasathack-coveredbiel', Nicholson 
Kilwiiddie (1895) 155. (9I Rxb. iJam.) (10) Fit. Capper and 
thack-lead afi' were tane ; Kirk-guttin' clean was finish't, Te.nnant 
Papistry (1827) 214. (11) Sc. (Jam. Sii/>/./. 1, Nhb.» (12) o.Lln. 
Ye haven't half driven in them thack-pegs (F.H.W.). (13) Sc. 
(Jam. Sm/>//.) (14 Lin.' I'll lay this thack prcg about your back. 
n.Lin.' (15^ w.Yks.' (16) n.Yks.'*, ne.Yks.', ne. Lan.' (l7)Se. 
(Jam. Sii/p/.) n.Yks.2 (s.v. Tliack-prods . (18) n.Yks.' (19) 
w.Yks. (T.II.H.) (20) Lei.' Nhp. Swainson Birds (1885) 60; 
Nhp.' Shr. Swainson li. 60. (21, 22) Cum.'* (23, 24) n.Yks.' 
(25) Sc. (Jam.) Hdg. Houses, . . instead of being covered 
with straw, deals, or boards, should henceforth be covered with 
slates, lead, tiles, or thack-stones, Ritchie St. Baldred (1883) 
37. Dmf. I have seen these, square slabs of red sandstone on 
cottages (A.W.\ (26) Cum.'* (27) Sc. Lay some wevscs o" thack 
strae on my house, Donald Poems (1867) 17. (28J n.Yks.' (29) 
n.Cy., w.Yks. Grose (1790) Stippl. 

6. adj. Thatched, made of thatch. 

Sc. I think it's been a thack ane, an' there's some o' the stoure 
in my throat yet. Ford Thistledoivn (1891) 127. Rnf. Ye are 
undoubted lairdie O' mony a guid thack-housc an' yardie, 
FiNLAVSON Rhymes (1815) 23. Ayr. Ye ken whaur he leeves, in 
the wee thack hoose in the Doocot Lane, Service Nutandnms 
(1890) 15. Dmf. I hae a bit thack house, Wallace Schoolmaster 
('899),334- Nhb.l 

[1. Thakkyn howsys, sarlaUgo (Prompt.). OE. paciaii. 
2. J>cec, thatch, paca, a roof (Sweet).] 

THACK, i;.' Sc. e.An. Cor. Also in form thock Cor. 
[f>ak, })ask.] To thwack, beat, flog. 

Dmf. Ye weel deserve a thackin' For tellin Bacchus oft did 
blacken Town Jemmy's een, Quinn Heather Lintie 1863 22. 
e.An.' Nrf. He rarely thacked th' old dicky [donkey) (,E.M.^. 
Cor. Likewise a thong to thock thee, ef Thee d'st ever go askew, 
Forfar Poems (1885) 7. 

[OE. paccian, to pat, flap (Sweet).] 

THACKER, sb. n.Cy. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] A small open ciipbo.Trd. (Co!!. L.L.B.) 


THAE, dem. pron. and deiii. adj. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. 
Yks. Lan. Also in forms thea Cum."; theae s.Sc. ; 
thee Nhb.' ; theea n.Yks. [t5e.] X. dem. pron. Those; 
occas. these. 

Sc. 'Thir'and 'thae' have curiously enough not penetrated beyond 
the Grampians, the north-eastern Scotch using ' thys ' and 'that ' in 
the plural as well as the singular, Murray Z>/n/. ,1873^ 184 ; Thou 
sail hae thae, thou sail hae mae, Scott Minstrelsy (1802) I. 317, 
ed. 1848. Elg. Are thae thy mournful cries? Couper Poetry 
(1804) I. 175. Bnff. Thae to herry Wha simply trust the h — born 
rogues, Taylor Poems (1787I 10. w.Sc. Thae's curus cups thae, 
surely ! Wood Fardeu Ha (1902) 147. s.Sc. Dynna tcake theae, 
thay wunna weir weill, Murray ib. 182. Rnf. Meikle iiiair than 
thae, PicKEN Poems (1813) I. 94. Lnk. Sic cracks as thae were 
nichtly tauld, Murdoch Doric Lyre (1873^ i. Dmf. Fie, fau't na 
thae for moral's glory Sip tea, na wine, Quinn Heather (1863) 21. 
Cum.'* 's.v. Thur'. n.Yks.', ne Lan.' 
2. dem. adj. Those ; occas. these. 

Sc. Thae duds were a' o' the colour o' moonshine in the water, 
ScoTT Midlothian (1818) xvi. Abd. The like o' thae things, 
RuDDiMAN Sc. Parish (1828) 69, ed. 1689. Frf. Ye'vc pallached 
the snoots o' thae yins, \tiO^\s Ain Flk. (1895 25. Per. Thae au!d 
men wi' snaw beards, HALinc-UTON Ochil Idylls ^1891"! 59. Drab. 
Thae hempies on the lan' let loose, Sal.mon Gouodeaii (i868) 29. 
Ayr. Hearken to thae cutty queans, Service Aolandi4ms (i8go) i. 
Lnk. Brisk, laughin', jokey creatur' in thae dajs. Eraser H'haiifis 

(1895) 195. Slk. It was ane o' thae lang midsummer nichts, Chr. 
Nohth Noetes (ed. 18561 II. 9. Rxb. He's been gane ihae twa 
hoors an' mair, Diudin Border Lt/e (1897) 96. Gall. I think thae 
plants will shift fine, Gallovidiait (1901) II. 124. Uls. Oot o' a' 
thae letters ye canna even fin oot whor 'is (o\k leeves, M'Ilroy 
Ciaiglinnie (1900I 125. Nhb.' Thee kj-e. Thee folk. n.Yks. 
Wheea's ihcea twcca bairns, sa' thee? Murray li. 184. 

[1. Thomas Randell wes ane off tha. That for his lyff be- 
come Jiar man, Barbour Bruce (1375) 11. 463. 2. For he had 
drede of thai thre men, ib. vii. 185. OE. J>d, pi. of .^ the.] 





THAF, THAF(FCAKE, see Though, Tharf cake. 

THAFFER, THAFT, see Thoffer, Thoft. 

THAGGY. adj. Yks. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] Thick and misty. (Hall.) 

THAIM, THAIRN, see Them, Theirn. 

THAIRSEL(S, THAIT, see Theirselves, Theat, sb. 

THAIVIL, THAIVL, see Thavvel. 

THAK, see Thack, Thack, v} 

THAKE, THAKKA, see Thack, v}, Thac(k. 

THALLACK, int. Oxf.i [fj^lak.] An exclamation 
of surprise: there look ! (s.v. Yallack.) 

THALLURE, orfz;. I.Ma. [cSaijafr).] Enough. 

But kind — aw bless ye ! kind thallure, Brown IVikh (i88g) 3 ; 
She is grand thallure [Manx, Dy liooar], with her rings and 
watch (S.M.}. 

THALM, see Tharm. 

THALTHAN, sb. I.Ma. Also in form tholthan. 
[toll'sn.] A half-ruined cottage. 

She needn't be so proud, her father lived and died in that 
thalthan j'ou see up on the hill there [IVlanx t/w//, a barn] 
(S.M.I ; She lived in a thalthan up the river. Brown H'ilc/t (1889) 
16 ; I know about the sad story connected wis that ould ruined 
' tholthan ' across the ravvar [river^, Ryding Ta/cs (1895) 26. 

THAM, THAME, see Then, m/z;., Them, They. 

THAMP, ii</j. Yks. Lan. [jjanip.] Soft ; pliable, not 
easily broken ; moist. 

s.Lan. Lennock meyns thamp, un owt what's raythur lennock 
ur thamp mun be sauft, Ormerod FtHy fro Rachde (1851) 69; 
But little known, and not now in common use (F.E.T.). 

Hence Thampy, adj. damp. Yks. (Hall.), w.Yks.^ 

THAMSON, see Tamson. 

THAN, coiij. and t. ■. Sc. Lan. Clis. Shr. Also in form 
thun Lan. [tSan.] \. conj. In phr. DeiU/ian, used to 

express a wish : would that. 

Dmb. Deil than your tongue were hookit neb and root, Salmon 
Coivodeaii (1868) 10. Ayr. Deil than she may break her neck. 
Glass Tales (1873) 18. 

2. Till, until. 

Lan. Be qwatt thun I've done. Why John (Col/, L.L.B.). 
s.Lan.' Aw conno' do it than neet. Chs.^ .Stop than oi get hout 
on thee, an oi'U tan thoi hoide for thee ! s.Chs.' We delayed 
writing than now, because of getting the harvest over. Shr.' 
I run than I thought I'd a dropt. In/rod. 82. 

3. adv. Else. Cf. thanse. 

n.Sc. Come hame sune, or than I'll be angry (Jam.). 

4. Elsewhere, ib. 

THAN, THANDER, see Then, adv., Thonder. 

THANE, sA.i Obs. Sc. A dial, form of ' vane.' 

Abd. Both these isles had battalines, and buttrages round about 
them, with cross thanes of iron on the top of each of them, Orem 
Chniwnry Abd. ( 1791) 62 (Jam.). 

Hence Cross-thanes, crossed vanes. 

The two lesser steeples have both cross-thanes of iron upon 
their tops. ib. 60. 

THANE, sb? Dor. Bracken, Pteris aqniliim. (G.E.D.) 

THANE, adj. Obs. Sc. Wm. Yks. Also written 
thain and in form thene Wm. 1. Of meat: raw, under- 
done. See Thone. 

'Ihe meat is thain ; raw, little done, Sinclair Obs. (1782) 109; 
2. Damp, moist ; esp. used of meal. 

Lnk., Ltli. I dinna like thain meal, i.e. made of oats that have 
not been much dried on the kiln (Jam.). Wm. (K.) 

Hence Thany, ad/, damp. w.Yks.' 

THANE'S TOWER, p/ir. Nrf. See below. 

The tower of the church., .is what is called a 'Thane's 
tower,' tnat is a tower such as, according to tradition. Thanes 
alone were allowed to build. The peculiarity of Thanes' towers 
seems to be that . . . they have four little windows in them look- 
ing to the cardinal points of the compass, Longman's Mag. (May 
1899 .|0. 

THANG-NAIL, s6. Nhp.» A small piece of reverted 
skin at the side of the fmger-nail; prob. for 'the ang-nail.' 
See Agr.ail. 

THANK, V. and sb. Sc. Irel. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Shr. 
llrf. Cor. Also in form thenk n.Yks.'' e.Yks.' [I'ank, 
fjsqk ; Yks. J^erjk.] 1. v. In phr. (1) be llmnkit, thank 

God ; (2) thank God, thank you, a form of address to the 
host at the conclusion of a dinner after grace is said ; (3) 
thanks tha or //m«^s/o, thank you; (4) thank yoii or thankee, 
used in narration, to emphasize a denial or to express 
surprise ; (5) — you for me, used as a form of thanks for 
hospitality ; (6) — you for tliein, used in answering an 
inquiry after absent friends ; (7) — you, sir, a second-hand 
article of clothing. 

(i) Rnf. Be thankit, I'm meanwhile Safe frae thy stoorie, mad 
turmoil. Young Pictures (1865) 159. (2) n.Cy. Grose (1790) MS. 
add. (P.) (3) n.Yks. (T.S.I, e.Yks.' MS. add. (T.H.), w.Yks.' 
(4) Hrf.2 (5) Shr.' ' Now, Nelly, mak' the lady a curchey, an' 
say thank you for me, an' I'm greatly obleeged fur sich a nice tay.' 
This singular expression seems to be an elliptical one, signifying, 
I thank you for— what you have given to — me. (6) n.Cy. Grose 
(1790) MS. add. (P.) (7) w.Yks. He'd got on a regular ' thank- 
you-sir,' you never saw such a guy (H.L.). 

2. To suffice. 

Ayr. I've eaten ower muckle o' yon fat haggis, . . an' I'll gar the 
bouk o' black pea o' either sybo or leek thank me for the i'eck o' 
twa days, Ainslie Land of Bums (ed. 1892) 69. 

3. sb. In phr. (i) /« one's thank, in one's obligation; (2) 
to serve one's thank, to be thankful for ; (3) thanks be, (4) 
thanks be praised, expressions of gratitude. 

(i) Don. I didn't wish the poor man dead, but, God forgive me I 
I was wishin' that his legacy would come till us afore May, that 
we might get Micky the Rogue's farm. Poor man, he ditd in our 
thank after all, Cent. Mag. (July 1901) 433. Cum.' He com i' my 
thank an' I mun pay him weel ; Cum.* (2^ Rnf. Ye . . . that hae 
umbrellas aye laid bye To ser ycr thank. Young Pictures (1865) 
128. (3) e.Sc. Thanks be! he's no in his bed yet. Strain 
Elnislie's Drag-net (1900) 140. Cor. Two expressions of every 
day occurrence, which spring out of the piety of the people. One 
is the abbreviated Doxology, * Thanks be': the other an expres- 
sion of resignation, * If it be so pleasin',' Hammond Parish (1897) 
346. (4) n.Yks.2 

THANKSOMELY, adv. Not. [ba-nksamli.l Thank- 
fully. (J.H.B.) 

THAiiSE, adv. Sc. [Sanz.] Else. Cf. than, 3. 

Abd. It's gej'an ill for makin' young folk rebellious or thanse 
deceitfu', Abd. IVity. Free Press (Oct. 20. iqooX Kcb. The farmer 
had tae . . . set twa o' his men tae carry them tae the next farm, 
or thanse help tae do't hissel. Trotter Gait. Gossip (1901) 160. 

THAPES, sb. pi. Sc. Yks. Chs. e.An. Also in forms 
theabes, thebes Nrf ; thepes Sc. Nrf. [Not known to 
our Sc. correspondents.] |)3eps.] 1. The fruit of the 
gooseberry, Ribes Grossularia. See Feaberry. 

s.Sc. Mackay. e.Yks. (B. & H.\ Chs. 2, e.An.' Nrf. Browne 
Wlis. (c. 1682) III. 233, ed. Bohn ; (A.G.F.) ; Science Gossip 
(1869) 188. e.Nrf. Marshall Rur. Econ. (1787). 

Hence Thape-pie, sb. gooseberry-pie. 

e.An.' Nrf. Cozens-Hardy Broad Nif. (1893) 86 ; Science 
Gossip (1869) 188. 

2. The fruit of the gorse, Ulex europaeus. s.Sc. Mackay. 

3. The fruit of the thorn, Crataegus O.xyacantha. ib. 
THAR, V. Sc. Also in forms thair Dmf (Jam.) ; 

thaur Cai.' ; ther Dmf (Jam.) ; pret. thurst, thurt Sc. 
(Jam.) To need ; gen. followed by a neg. 

Cai.' Ye thaur-na fash. * Ye thaur noor,' you need not. 
Thurstna. Dmf. Ye thair n'fash. ' You thurtna stop,' you should 
not stay. Ye thurstn' (Jam.). 

[Trwe mon trwe restore, penne far mon drede no 
\va))e, Gaivayne (c. 1360) 2355.] 

TH AR,TH ARDS , TH ARECKL Y, see Their, Towards, 

THARF, adj Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Also in forms 
thairf Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) ; tharth Cum.'''; thauf m.Yks.' ; 
theeaf e.Yks.' [Jaarf.] 1. Stark, stiff ; heavy, ' sad.' 

w.Sc, s.Sc. (Jam. Suppl.), Nhb.', w.Yks.' Hence Tharfish, 
adj. 'sad,' heavy. Nhb.' 2. Of heavy countenance; 
lumpish; reluctant, unwilling; hesitating; shy; slow; 
forbidding, cold, unsociable. 

w.Sc, s.Sc. (Jam. Suppl. \ N.Cy.', Nhb.', Cum.''', n.Yks.'^", 
ne.Yks.' e.Yks.' He was varry theeaf at gannin. Nearly obs,, 
MS. add. (T.H.) m.Yks.' w.Yks. Lucas Stud. Niddcrdale 
(c. 1882) Gl; w.Yks.' 

Hence (i) Tharf-comer, sb. one who comes slowly and 
reluctantly ; (2) Tharfish, adj. of heavy countenance j 




lumpish ; reluctant, unwilling, backward, timorous, shy ; 
forbidding ; (3) Tharfly, adv. reluctantlj', unwillingly, 
deliberatelj", slowly. 

(Om.yks.i (.2 w.Scs.Sc. (Jam. 5i(/>/>/.), Nhb.i n.Yks.' Slie's 
rather a Iharfish kind of a bairn ; n.Yks.**, tn.Yks.' (31 Nhb.' 
' She's gan varry tharfly ' (said of a clock that appeared to be ready 
to stop at any moment). ' He spoke tharfly aboot it.* n.Yks. * ; 
n.Yks.^ She chews her cud varry tharfly. He mends varry thar- 
fly ; n.Yks.", ne.Yks.' e.Yks.' ;1/S. nrfrf. (T.H.) m.Yks.' 

THARF-BREAD, sb. Obs. Yks. Unleavened bread. 
(K.) See Tharf-cake. 

THARF-CAKE, sb. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Yks. Lan. Dcr. 
Also in forms thaaf-cake Nhb.'; thafif- Nhb.' Dur.; 
thar- N.Cy.= Cum.'* w.Yks.'*' c.Lan.» s.Lan.' Der.' = 
nw.Der.'; tharth- Nhb.' Cum.'"; thauf- N.Cy.' ; thaugh- 
Nhb.' Dur. [f)af-, )5a-.] 1. An unleavened cake of flour 
or meal, mixed with milk or water, rolled out thin and 

N.Cy.t* Nhb. They never gat owse belter than thaaf keahyk, 
Bewick Tyiuiiile Tales (1850) 11 ; NUb.' A tliicker tharf-cake was 
sometimes made of hinder-end wheat, pea-meal, and dressed 
'chisel,' baked in the oven. Dur. (J. H.), Dur.' Cum.' Baked on 
the hearth among the embers ; Cum.* w. Yks. (_D. L.) ; Thoresby 
Ltll. (1703) ; w.Yks.'*, e.Lan.', Der.'2 
2. A kind of cake made of oatmeal, butter, and treacle ; 

w.Yks.^* Lan. As thodd'n as a tharcake, Tim Bobbin View 
Dial. (ed. 17^0^ 31 ; Lan.' Eaten on the night of the fifth of 
November. s.Lan.', Der.'^^ nw.Der.* 

Hence Tharcake-Monday, sb. the first Monday after 
Oct. 31. 

Lan. I'se be thirty-five next Tharcake Mondaj', Waugh Heather 
(ed. Milncr) II. 276; Lan.', s.Lan.' 

[1. A fewe cruddes and craym and a therf cake, P. 
Plowman (a.) vii. 269. OE./co//, unleavened (Sweet).] 

THARFY, sb. Nhb. Yks. [jjafi.] A 'tharf-cake'; 
stiff, unleavened bread. Nhb.' (s.v. Tharf-kyek). w.Yks.' 

THARK,rt(^. Obs. e.An.s.Cj'. Also in forms thurck 
e.An.' Nrf ; thurk Nrf Dark. 

e.An.' Nrf. Hickes A.S. Gram. (1689) ; Browne Wk3. (c. 
1682) III. 233, ed. Bohn ; Ray 1^1691). 

Hence Tharky, adj. dark, dusky. 

Suf. Ray [,1691). s.Cy. Grose (1790). 

[Therke, or dyrk, tenebrosus, caligmostis (Prontpl.).] 

THARM, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Lakel. Yks. 
Der. Lin. Also written thalm Lin. ; and in forms thairm 
Sc. (Jam.) N.I.' N.Cy.' Nhb.' Dur.'; thairn Sc. (Jam.); 
theim Sc. ; therm Sc. (Jam.) Wm. ; thtirm Lal;el.' [fiarm, 
}>am ; ))erm.] 1. sb. The belly or intestines of a man or 

Sc. (Jam.) ; He that has a wide theim had never a long arm, 
Kelly Coll. Prov. (1721) 137; Herd Coll. Siigs. (1776) Gl. Lth. 
A wide thairm has seldom a long arm (Jam.). Wm., Yks. (K.), 
Lin, (J.C.W.) n.Lin.' The colon or large bowel. 

2. The intestines twisted into a cord ; catgut ; a fiddle- 

Sc. The best fiddler that ever kittled thairm with horse-hair, 
Scott Redg. (182+1 Lett. x. Or. I. Regularly, as summer returned, 
the man of thairms had his peats carted to his door gratis, Vedder 
Stelclies (1832) 108. Abd. The puir man's thairms [fiddleslrings] 
arc a' hingin' lowse, an' there's no grip eneuch i' the pegs to set 
them up again, Macdonald Maleolm (1875) III. 40. Rnf. The 
■witching tones o' Patie's therm Maks farmer chiels forget their 
farm, Webster Rhymes (1835) 60. Ayr. Hing our fiddles up to 
sleep . . . And o'er the thairms be tryin'. Burns Ordination (1786) 
St. 7. Dmf. [He] Took Dauvid's fiddle on his knee, An' twanged 
the haly thairm, Quinn Heather (1863) 146. N.I.' N.Cy.' Used 
in spinning-wheels. Nhb.' As dry as thairm. Dur.', Lakel.' 
Cum. Come ye, who're blest wi' tuneful fire, Who scrape the tharm, 
or thrum the wire, Strike up, Dickinson Lit. Rem. (1888) 158; 
Cum.*, n.Yks.3 

Hence (i) Cat-tharm-whip, sb., obs., a whip made of 
catgut ; (2) Tharm-band, sb., obs., a cord made of catgut 
for turning a spinning-wheel ; (3) -inspiring, ppl. adj., obs., 
inspiring by music played on a fiddle ; (4) -whip, sb., obs., 
see (i). 

(i) Yks. (K.) (a) Sc. (Jam.) (3) Ayr. O had M'Lauchlan, 

thairm-inspiring sage. Been there to hear this heavenly band 
engage, Burns Brigs 0/ Ayr (1787 1. 202. (4) Yks. (K. 

3. Intestines prepared for puddings ; sausage-skins. 
w.Yks. Thobf.sby LiII. ^1703, ; w.Yks.'*, Der.' Ubs. Lin. Ray 

(1691U Lin. I, sw.Ha.' 

4. /•>>. pi. Bonds. 

Frf. Deidly thairms huid her mortal chairms Alow the castle wa', 
RciD Heatherland {iSg^ 93. 

5. V. To play on a stringed instrument. 

Dmf. Yer herp again be thairmin', Quinn Heather (1863^ 99. 

[1. OY.. pearm. entrail (Sweet).] 

THARN, V. Obs. Dev. [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] To mock, scorn. (Hall.) 

THARRY, adj. Obs. Suf [Not known to our corre- 
sjiondents.] Dark. (Hall.) 

THART. THARTH, see Think, Tharf. 


THAT, pro)!., adj., adzi. and coiij. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. 
Eng. and Amer. Also in forms dat Sh.I. Ken. ; thot Lin. 
['5at,tSaet; unstressed Sat.] I. Dial. forms. Coiihactioiis: 
(I) Tha'd, that would ; (2) Tha's, that is or that has ; (3) 
Thattle, that will. 

(i) I. Ma. The sea tha'd be there. Brown Yants (1881) 151, ed. 
i88g. (a) Cor. My ould wumman, thas gone, T. Towser \ 1873) 
139. (3) w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. Thattle doo, scd I, Tim Bobbin 
View Dial. (ed. 1809, 59. Oxf. (G.O.i 

II. Dial. uses. 1. dem. proii. This. 

Sc. (Jam.) Fif. The usual salutation — 'that's a braw daj',' 
Robertson Provost (1894) 119. Gall. A Scotchman will say, 
' that is a fine day,' when an Englishman would saj", ' this is a fine 
day,' or simply ' a fine day ' (A.W.). N.I.' That's a soft day. 

2. Used in place of the personal pronouns, esp. of the 
neuter singular //. 

w.Yks. ^ Used peculiarly for him, her, it, &c. ; w.Yks.' That 
I, says a mother, speaking of her married son) ne'er comes near- 
hand now. Patty cawal'd o' Mund.iy, an' ah gav' that what 
belonged her. I. Ma. I don't know about gulls, but lekly not 
That's a dale more innoccnter altogether. Brown Doctor (1887) 
146. e.An.'' How that du snow 1 Nrf. ' It looks as if it were 
going to rain all day. Mrs. B.' 'That do, Miss' ^A.B.C). Suf. 
Of a child, 'That don't fare no butter to-daa.' Of an animal, 'That 
on't hurt that, that that on't,' Raven Hist. Suf. (1895) 264; 

Hence That's, /oss. /ro;;. his, hers, its. 

w.Yks.s ' Whoas is that bonnet ? ' ' It's that's,' says the person 
asked, with a side inclination of her head towards her daughter. 
e.An. That [the fairy] looked out o' the comers o' that's eyes, 
Clodd Tom Tit Tot (18981 12. Nrf. That wagged that's tail 
(U.W.^. Suf. That looked out of the corners o' that's eyes, FisoN 
Merry Suf. (1899) 12. 

3. Used emphatically to avoid the repetition of a previous 
word or sentence. 

Sc. It sometimes serves to return the sense ofa word or sentence 
going before. * He was ance a thief and he'll aye be that ' (Jam.) ; 
He asked if he recollected him. ' Wcel that, wcel that ; and ye're 
welcome hame," Ferrier Mam'age (1818) ii. ne.Sc. 'Do you 
understand his sermons? ' ' Finely that, mcm,^ Grast Keckleton, 
186. Cum.' It's a gay nice horse that ; Cum.* w.Yks. (J.W.) 

4. Used in emphatic reiteration of an assertion. 

Sc. ' She has married somewhat late in life, I think.' 'That has 
she, mem,' Whitehead Daft Daiic (1876J 100, ed. 1894. n.Yks.' 
I did it, that did 1. I know I can walk it, that can I. I wad, that 
wad I. e.Yks, ' He was a good husband tl ma as lang as he lived ; 
he was that. w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. I mind the day she took leave 
of you, I do that, well, Castle Light of Scarthey (1895) 75. Lin. 
But a cast oop, thot a did, 'boot Bessy Marris's barnc, Tennyson 
N. Farmer, Old Style (1864) St. 4. n.Lln.' He's a quiet man, bud 
a rare un at oht ; yes, he is that. sw.Lln.' Lei.' ' Do jou like 
apples?' ' Oi dew that.' 'Can you eat one? ' ' Oi can that,' 27. 
War.' Lon. ' I suppose . . . you're in a hurry, Mr. Tinker? ' ' I 
am that, mum," Baumann Londinismen (1887'. Suf. Soo she set 
to work and cat 'um all, . . that she did, FisoN Merry Suf. (1899) 
9. Ken. Used emphatically at the end ofa sentence — thus, ' they 
have that' vG.B.). 

5. Phr. (i) and that, (2) — the likes of that, and so forth, 
et cetera ; (3) ifallivas to that, if nothing else was wanting ; 
(4) or that, or such things, or so forth ; (5) that I leave, that 
is a point I will not decide; (6) — licks the natives, that 

L 2 




surpasses everything ; (7) — o7, a crisis, point ; the very 
thing ; (8) — '5 iiie lad, an exclamation used to encourage 
boys; (9) — 's llie damn, an expletive; (10) — '5 the doll, 
(11) — 's what, (12) — 's tvhere 'tis, that's the matter or the 
point ; just so ; (13) — there, (a) an emphatic form of 'that,' 
used to point out a thing more definitely ; (b) obs., a London 
rider, one who comes from the east of England; (14) 
— thereiniy, see (13, a). 

(i) Wxf. Father James knew everything about religion, and 
prayers, and confessions, and that, Kennedy Banks Boro (1867) 
188. w.Yks. (J.W.) War.2 I've been gardening and that. Wil.' 
Well, he do have a drop tide-times and that. w.Som." Oh ! he do 
do middlin' like way little caddlin' jobs, and urnin arrants and 
that. nw.Dev.l (2) n.Dev. ^R.P.C.) (3 , n.Yks. (l.W.) (41 Ir. 
Almanacks, or books of ballads, or that, Kennedy Evenings Diiffiey 
U869) 99. (5) Suf. So folks sah, but that I leave, Moor MS. 
(Hall.) (6) w.Yks. (B.K.) (7) e.Sc. It's an unco thing to confess 
ane's sel' a failure in the very thing that was ane's pride. But it 
came to that o't wi' me last Sabbath day, Strain Elnislie's Ding- 
net (19C0) 162. (8) Wra. That's-melad, leuk sharp an' gah fer 
t'milk (B.K.). (9) ib. Ahr miln's o' fahr— that's the damn. (10) 
ib. (I I ) nCy. Grose (1790) Sh/)//. w.Yks.' (12) Nrf. (M.C.H.B.) 
(13, a) w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. That theer's a graidely big 'un, 
Burnett //(iMJoj-M's (1887) iv. e.Lan.i, Not.', Lin.' n.Lin.' Put 
this here i'to th' pantry an' fling that theare i'to th' swill-bucket 
(s.v. This here). Lei.', War.^, Shr.' 50. s.Cxf. There ain't no 
call to beat 'im like that there, Rosemary Clullenis (1895) 51. 
e.An.2 (s.v. This-here). Ken. That 'ere's my boy that I told ye of, 
Carr Collage Flk. (1897) 17. n.Hmp. (E.H.R.) I.W.' I axed 
Meyastur about that are last night, 51. w.Som. When the noun, 
whatever be its quality or number, has been already mentioned or 
is to be named in the same sentence, it is referred to by the neuter 
or indefinite form of the demonstrative. ' Ez dhaat dhae'flr j'oa'ur 
chiil-urn ? ' Elworthy Grain. {\?>-ii) 32. (i) Lon. Horae Subsecivae 
Um) 429- Dev. (Hall.) (14) Glo. I've never troubled myyead 
about such things as that thereimy, Buckman Darke's Sojourn 
(1890) xix. 

6. rel. pron. Who. 

Frf. I am the mother of him that writes about the Auld Lichts, 
Barrie M. Ogihie (1896) iv. Ir. It's he that's the bashful boy, 
Paddiana (ed. 1848) I. 27. I.Ma. When it is desired to lay the 
emphasis upon the nominative case of the verb, that word is 
brought to the front. ' It is I who am here ' becomes ' It's me that's 
in' (S.M.). Midi. (J.W. ),War.2 Inlrod. Shr.' A girl that can 
milk, 50. w.Som. Dhu maa-yd dhutad uryuung mae-un u-kee-uld 
[the maid that had her young man killed], Elworthy Gram. 
(1879) 42; w.Som.' Dhai- dhut noa-uth bas- du zai aew twaud'n 
noa- jis dhing [those who know best say that it was no such thingl. 

7. dem. adj. Obs. This. 

Sc. He and his army saw a vision in the heavens with that motto 
upon it, 'In Christ ye shall overcome,' Walker Peden (1727) 84 

8. Those. 

Sc. That things, Sfo/iWsiHs (1787) 93. ne.Sc. Thys beuks and 
that pens, Uvrray Dial. (1873) 184; That scheen, I'A. 81. Abd. 
Maybe ye wad like to luik at that anes, Macdonald R. Falconer 
(1868) 136; That tools (J.M.). 

9. Such, so much. 

Sc. He was no longer able to go through the business with 
that vigour as he wished, Mitchell 5fo///asms (1799) 82. Nhb. 
He hit wi' that force 'at he broke the shank (R.O.H.). w.Yks. 
Very common (J.W.). Dev. I felt myself in that alarm that go 
away I couldn't, Blackmore Peilycross (1894) 41. 

10. Phr. (i) that-a-road or tlwtla-road, (2) -a-way, -away{s, 
or thalta-ii<ay, that way, that direction ; that fashion ; geit. 
used advb.; (3) —how, that manner, that fashion; gen. 
used advb.: so; (4) —lids, in that manner; (5) —road, 
see (2) ; (6) — same, the same, it ; (7) — there, an emphatic 
form of 'that,' used to point out a thing more definitely • 
(8) — way, of that kind, like that. 

(0 s.Clis ' Here, here, cleean yur feyt an' not go off a' thatta 
road, 70. (2) Ir. When I sees him that a way the second time, 
your Reverence, Speclalor (Oct. 26, 1889) ; It's very careless I 
hear they are that avvays, Paddiana (ed. 1848) I 197 Yks 
(Hall.), w.Yks.' (s.v. This-a-vvay), s.Chs.' 70. Not. There's a 
nice gap liafe a furlong ofT: it's out o' my road or I'd show ver : 
that-away, Prior Forest Flk. (,901) 42 ; Not.' Lin. Down in the 
marsh lands, that-a-way, Gilberl Rugge (1866) II. 174. sw.Lin.' 
bhe couldn t hav gotten thruflfthata-way. Lei.', War. 2 3 w.Wor 
Ween git her in atwcen us thatawaay, S. Beauchamp A'. Hamilton 

(1875) I. 282. [Amer. They'd . . .come an' snatch 'em up an' bundle 
'em ofT that-away, Harris Talcs, 283.] (3) Wni. And so we built 
'em that how, Rawnsley Remin. IVordsworlh (1884). e.Yks.' 
Deeaiit dee it that hoo. w.Yks. (J.W.) Not. He wanted it done 
a that-how (L.C.M.). sw.Lin.' It's better that how. It's no use 
knocking oneself up that how. (4) ne.Lan.' (5) Clis.^ What's 
th' use o' tawkin a-that-road ? it's aw rubbish ! (6) Ir. But do 
you see the big brick house, with the cow-houses by the side of 
that same? Barrington Sketches (1830) I. xii. (7) Wm. Thoo's 
niver bin the same man . . . since thoo'd that there newmoanin', 
Ollivant Owd Bob (1898) 72. w.Yks. A kant eit Sat Sis meit, 
Wright Gram. IVndhll. (1892) 124 ; w.Yks.' s.Lan.' That theer 
lad o' thine's a born foo'. nw.Der.' Not. It don't seem as there'll 
be much lumber ower that theer gate wi' him, Prior Forest Flk. 
(1901) 37. Lin.' Biing me that there mell. se.Lin. (J.T.B.), 
Nhp.' War.^ That there whip's mine. s.Oxf. I was 'elpin' the 
men build that there new porchugal onto the 'ouse, Rosemary 
C/iillerns {i8g5) 74. Brks.', Hnt. (T.P.F.) Lon. That there thing, 
Horae Subsecivae (17771 4. Nrf. (E.M.) Suf. The face of ' that 
there Jimmy,' Betham-Edwards Mock Beggars' Hall (1902) 76, 
Ken. Grose (1790). Sur, I'd found out a way to clear that thear 
pond. Son of Marshes On Sur. Hills (1891) 74. n.Wil. Bean't 
you going to yet up that there juicy bit, you ? jEFFERiEs^mn»jy//is 
(1887) 17. Dor, 'Twas a quaie job about that there fire up to 
Varmer Yeatman's, Hare.<45 JVe Sow (1897J 151. w.Som. 'Dhaat 
dhae'ur' is used with anything of the indefinite sort, as corn, grass, 
lime, to denote its position as more remote than ' dhush yuur,'i.e. 
close at hand. In speaking, however, of any defined article as a 
book, a key, or a man, if altogether absent, we should use ' dhaat 
dhae'iir.' 'Aa'v^e zeed dhaat dhae'ur nai'v oa muyn?' Elworthy 
Gram. (1877) 31; w.Som.' Referring to some person or thing 
absent or out of sight. 'Where's that there book ?' meaning a 
book not in sight. Dev. All Dick's children have been took to 
church in that there shawl, O'Neill Idyls (1892') 85. [Amer. I 
give Hiram that there red shote I'd been fattenin' fer a bawrel 
o' cider, Lloyd Chronic Loafer {igoi) 195.] (8) Ir. He called it 
' gauze ' or ' gaze,' or something that way, Kennedy Evenings 
Duffrey {iS6ai) 115. 

11. adv. So, to such a degree ; very. 

Sc. Is he that frail that he canna rise ? (Jam.) ; Nae that ill, nae 
that wet (ib.) ; The brae is that easy to climb. Whitehead Daft 
Davie (1876) 132, ed. 1894. Sh.I. Da folk tell dat mony lees, Sh. 
News (July 23, 1898). Or.I. He was a dour deevil, an' no that 
canny, Vedder Sketches (1832) 22. Inv. That bad (H.E.F.). 
e.Sc. Tam'll no be that lang now, Setoun Sunshine (1895) 128. 
Per. A've seen waur ; they're fillin' no that bad, Ian Maclaren 
Brier Bush (1895) ^t. Dmb. I wasna that illfa'ured mysel ance 
in a day. Cross Disruption (1844) i. Ayr. She canna have that 
muckle saved o' her ain, Johnston Glenbuckie {i68g) 76. Edb. The 
skaith ye've met wi's nae that sma' Sin Gregory's dead, Fergusson 
Poems (1773) 114, ed. 1785. Kcb. He likit her that weel he thocht 
anither yin he'd hae, "Trotter Gall. Gossip (1901) 82. Ir. I'd 
twenty minds in me heart agin quittin' little Katty, and she that 
bad, Barlow /.I'scoHHf/ (1895) 303. N.I.' He was that heavy we 
couldn't lift him. N.Cy.' He's not that old. Nhb.' Cum.' Ah was 
that vex't Ah could ha' bitten't side oot of t'butter-bowl ; Cum.* 
n.Yks.''Ah fund mysel that sho't. e.Yks.'Ahwas thatbad. w.Yks.' 
My mouth were that sore that I couldn't abide. Lan.' He's that 
nowt he doesn't know what to do wi' his-sel. e.Lan.' We could 
have eaten a dog, we were that hungry. s.Lan.' I.Ma. He was 
that full that he couldn' walk (S.M.). Chs.' I were that vexed Idid 
not know what I said ; Chs.^ Der. I were that distrowt I daredna 
answer, Gilchrist P<'nA/nHrf(i897) 165. nw.Der.', Not.' s.Lin.A'm 
that tired a could cry^F.H.W.). sw.Lin.'Thelasswasthatpleasant. 
Rut.' She were that drenched, as you might have draw'd the 
water from her apurn. Lei.' Ah wur that mad, ah wur fit to 
boost. His butes was that mauled as his toos coom out atwixt 
the leathers. War.* This lad's that idle as I can do nothing with 
him ; War.^" s.Wor.' 'E s got that fat I must be to kill 'im soon. 
Shr.i 'E inna that owd, Introd. 82. Hrf.^, Glo. (A.B.) s.Oxf. 
And to think as 'ee's lyin' there that knocked about as she oodn't 
know 'im, Rosemary Chillerns (1895) 125. Brks. Lard love 'ee, 
he 'udn't be that soft, Hayden Round our Vill. (1901) 37. Hrt. 
'Ere I be comin' 'ome that wearied, Geary Rur. ii/Q- (1899"! 46. 
Nrf. I don't know what to dew, I am that out of my latitude 
(E.M.). Suf. They was that overbaked, FisoN Merry Suf. (i8gg) 
9. Ess. Made me feel that mad I could a swore, Downes Ballads 
('895) II. 10. Ken.' He's that rude, I doant know whatever I 
shall do with him, Sur.', Sus.', Hmp. (H.C.M.B.) l.W. The 
little maid that knowing! Gray Annesley (1889) III. 171. Wil. 
I tried to read 'em but couldn't, because I was that weak, Tennant 




Vill. Notes (1900) 17. Dor. Straw do get that dear, Hardy //«/<; 
(1896) pt. III. ii. w.Som ' The clay was that there loviii", 'twas 
jist the very same's birdlime, eens mid zay. Dev. 'Er wuz that 
tearing mad wi' me, that 1 widden go a slap varder wi' 'er, 
Hewett Pens. Sp. (1892^ (s.v. Tearing). Cor. Her . . . can milkcy 
that piirty, Harris Our Core (1900) 33 [Amer. He's that sick 
he can't speak, Carrutii Kan. Univ. Qtiar. ;_Oct. 189a) ; Not 
that far, 16.] 

12. Phr. (i) «////in/;;/ff(V, all the more, so much the more; 

(2) that viuch off so knowing; clever to such an extent; 

(3) — there, to such a degree, so. 

(i) n.Yks. It'll smart all that niair (I.W.). (a) n.Yks.* If you 
chaps is sharp eneaaf an' ez that mich off 'at ya can manish ti to'n 
tweea coos intiv a hoss, it's neca ewse cumin' ti me, 189. ;$) 
w.Yks. Ah wor that theare mad Ah could hardlec bide i' mi skin, 
Leeds Merc. Siippl. (Jan. 7, 1899). s.Stf. 1 was that thccr tired, 
I couldner crawl, Pinnock Btk. Cy. Ann. (1895). 

13. coitj. Obs. Because, seeing that. 

Sc. The people were the more incensed at this injury, that 
there had been an old grudge between the Asiaticlts and 
Europeans, Stotoiiiis (1787) 117. 

14. Alas! that; used to introduce an apology for an oath. 
Frf. The fint a rock, that I should ban. He saw, Sands Poems 

(1833') 9a. Ayr. The devil-haet, that I sud ban. They ever think, 
BuRtis 3nii Efi. to Davie, St. 5. w.Yks. (J. W.) wSom.i 'That ever 
I should say so ! ' This is the commonest of exclamations, half 
apologetic, whenever an oath or other very strong expression has 
been used in speaking before a ' jin-lmun.' Dhu yuung oauzburd ! 
neef aay doan laf-n aeu-t, aal bee daamd ! dhut uvur aay shud 
zai" zoa ! [The young rascal ! if I don't thrash him well, I'll be 
d — d! that ever I should say sol] 

THATADONNET, sb. n.Cy. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Also in forms that-atdannat'. w.Yks. ; -at-t'donnat 
Dur.'; -au'd Donnot n.Yks.'; -oal-donnet n.Yks.^ ; -o' 
t'donnat Cum.' ; -o' t" donnot n.Yks. '^ ; -oth-donnot Wm. & 
Cum.' The devil; an idle, worthless person. SeeDonnot. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790 ; N.Cy.i, Dur.' (^s.v. Donnat). Cum. When 
vile mosstroopers . . . By war than that-a-donnet led, .Stagg 
Misc. Poems (ed. 1807) 61 ; Cum.' She's that o' t'donnat (s.v. 
Dormat). Wni.Si Cum.' Tha thout that oth donnot was imma (s.v. 
Donnotl. Wm. She declared the thing she saw belonged to that 
a[uld] donnet. Whitehead Leg. (1859) 43, ed. 1896. n.Yks.'* 
w.Yks. HuTTON Tour to Cal■es{l^Bl). 

THATCH, sb. Sc. Yks. Chs. Der. Nhp. Wor. Shr. 
Som. [jjatj, psetj.] 1. In phr. (i) as zee/ as thatch, very 
wet ; (2) to lift the thatch, of noise ; ' to raise the roof.' See 
Thack, v.' 

(i) Chs.' 'As weet as thatch' is a common simile. The straw 
for thatching being partially rotted with water before it is put on 
a roof (2) Som, He was wont ... to make noise enough, as the 
saying is, ' to lift the thatch,' Raymond No Soul 1 1899) 26. 

2. Coiiip. (i) Thatch-gate, the sloping edge of the gable- 
tops of a house, when the thatch covers them ; {2) -hooks, 
iron hooks, driven into the spars, to hold down the first 
layers of straw in thatching a house ; (3) -peg, (4) -prick, 
a stick sharpened at one end to fasten down thatch ; (5) 
•sparrow, the house-sparrow, Passer doiiiesticiis. 

(i)Rnf. Fire was also lodged in the thatch-gate of his corn- 
barn. Hector Judic. Rec. (,1876) 244. (2) Chs.' (3) s.Chs.' 
Der. Busily whittling thatch pegs, Gilchrist PraWrtxrf ^'897! 62. 
nw.Der.i, Wor. (W.B.T.^i (4) Chs.'i^a (5^) Nhp. Swainson jS/)rf5 
(1885) 60. Shr.i 

3. Any kind of vegetable matter suitable for bedding. 
Cf. thetch. 

n.Som. The substance might include ferns (bracken), browse 
(brambles;, rexen, or even leaves (F.T.E.). 

4. Fig. A head of hair. 

w.Yks. Leet hair, thin blood— that's what they alius s.iy. Ay, 
sure, ye can niver trust yond sort o' thatch, Sutclufe Shameless 
Wayne (1900I 46. 

THATCH, see Tach, Thetch. 

THATCHAVER, s6. Wor. [J>at;ev3(r).] The house- 
sparrow, Passer doiiiestictis. (E.S.) 

THATCHEN, adj. Dor. [|>ae'tj3n.] Thatched, made 
of thatch. 

The brown thatchen roof o' the dwellin, Barnes Poems (ed. 
1869) 10 ; We did zee the red O' dawn vrom Ash-knap's thatchen 
ovcs, ib. 7(. 

THATE, see Think. 

THATN, ddii. proii. Sh.I. Cum. Wm. Der. Not. Wor. 
lirf Also written that'an Cum.": thattan Wm.; thatten 
se.Wor.' ; thatun Hrf ; that 'un Sur. ; and in forms dat 
an Sh.I.; thattins Der. 1. That, that one. Cf. thisn. 

Lakel.3 Cum. Ah think that'n was'nt far aslcw that thoo gat, 
Sargisson /o<- Scoap (18811 20; Cum.'; Cum.* Prrf. 28. Wm. 
Thool varra seean want a new shaft int, fcr thattan ct thoo hes 
noo nobbet leeaks raedthrc waeke. Spec. Dial. (1883' pt. iii. 4. 
Der. I tak' no account o' thattins at all, Vernky Stone Edge (1868) 
viii. Not. A crack'-pot's speech like, thatn may be remembered 
agen ycr. Prior Forest Flk. (1901) 18. s.Not. Gie me that'n; 
sharp (J.P.K.). se.Wor.' Hrf. Bound Provinc. (1876). Sur. 
I'll nae lend myscn to that 'un for Miss Fee's saake, Bicklev5iij. 
Hills {iS<)o\ II. vi. 
2. Phr. that an a, such a(n. 

Sh.I. Sibbie is in dat an a ontack aboot da supper, Sh. News 
(Aug. II, 1900). 

THATNA, adv. e.An. Also in form thatney e.An.' 
[tSae'tna.] Thus, so, in that way. e.An.'" Suf. Raven 
Hiit. Siif. (1895 1 266. Cf thisneys. 

THATNESS, sb. Nrf That way, that manner. Cf 
thisness, athatn(s. 

There bor, don't go on in thatness (W.P.E.). 

THATNINiG, sb. Stf [tSa'tnin.] That way, that 
fashion ; in phr. in thatning. See Athatning. 

What d'ye want, to beller at the gell i' thatnin for! Murray 
Joint Vale I 1890) xxxix. 

THATNiS, rtrfy. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Nhp. 
War. Shr. e.An. Also written thaten ne.Lan.' ; thatens 
ne.Lan.' nw.Der.' ; thatten(s Lan.' ; thattuns Ess.; and 
in forms i' that'n Not. Nhp.' ; o' thatunce Lan. : that-on 
w.Yks. 1. In that wa3', in that manner, so. SeeAthatn(s; 
cf thisn(s. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790) MS. add. (M.) ; It's 0' thatunce wi' Nathan, 
AcKWORTH Clog Shop C/i»o<i. (1896) 107 ; Lan.', ne.Lan.', s. Lan.', 
Ch9.'3 nw.Der.' Not. I' that'n iJ.H.H.. Nhp.' I shall do it i' 
that'n. War.^^, Shr.', e.An.' Ess. You nedn't ha' let me topple 
over like thattuns, Burmester yo//H Loll (\ijoi) 205. 
2. Phr. and that-on, and so forth, and such matters. 

w.Yks. He talkt a lot abaht t'war an that-on vB.K.\ 

THATSES, dent. pron. Yks. [Satssz.] That. 

w.Ylis. ' Whoses thatses' is commonly used for 'whose is 
that?' i/E.B.) 

seeTharf, Tharf-cake. Thar, Thur, dun. pron. 

THAUT, THAUVEL, see Thout, Thavvel. 

THAVE, see Theave, They. 

THAVEL, THAVELESS, see Thavvel, Thieveless. 

THAVVEL, sb. and v. Sc. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Also 
written thavel n.Yks.'; thavvie n.Yks."; and in forms 
thaavle n.Cy. e.Yks. ; thaivil Sc. (Jam. Siippl.) ; thaivl 
Cum.; thauvel n.Yks.'' ; thavil Sc. (Jam. 5'/////.) [|)avl; 
fje'vl.] 1. sb. A stick used for stirring or pushing down 
the contents of a pan likely to boil over; a ladle without 
a bowl. Cf thabble, thible, thivel. 

Sc. (Jam. Siippt.) n.Cy. Grose (1790). n.'Yks.'"'* e.Yks. 
Marshall Riir. Eton. (1788). 
2. V. To stir porridge. Cum. (J.B.B.) 

[2. Cp. ON. J>efja (pret. pafii), to stir porridge (Vig- 

THAW, V. Var. gram, forms and dial, uses in Sc. and 
Eng. Also in forms tho Chs.'; thow Sc. Lakel." n.Yks."; 
tou Or.I. [|'9, boa, I'ou.] I. Gram, forms. 1. Pret. 
(i) Thew, (2) Tho'wed. 

(i) e.Yks.' MS. add. (T.H.") w.Yks. It thew w'en t'snaw com, 
an' ther wur a nood (F.P.T.); (W.A.S. 1 ; w.Yks.'^, ne.Lan.' 
n.Lin.' Fust it blew, and then it snew, and then it friz, and then it 
thew. Nrf. Cozens-Hardv Broad Nrf. (1893) 59. Suf.' (a) 
Ayr. The whusky thowed their Hielan' bluid, Aitken Lays (1883) 
98. Dnif. Lang afore it thow'd I kcnt the name o' him that lay 
Aneth its spotless shroud, Reid Poems (1894) 65. 
2. Pp. : (i) Thawen, (2) Thawn, (3) Tho'en, (4) Thone, 
(5) Thowed, (6) Thowet, (7) Thown. 

(I) sw.Lin.' (a) e.Yks.' MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. Ah think it's 
thawn a bit today (F.P.T.). (3) sw.Lin.' It'll be slape where it's 
tho'en. (4) Lin.' (5) Frf. Storms that time had thowed, Reid 
//(•(j^/ifr/rtMrf (1894) 107. s.Sc. T. ScoTT Pofofs (1793) 366. Lan. 




Well, it's a winterly sort of a day an' aw've noa bin thowed yet, 
Brierley Tales{i8$4) 142. (6) Sc. The gangrel gang hae thowet 
awa, Waddell Ps (1871) xviii. 45. Cum. When they gat him 
thow't he was oa reeght ageaan, Sargisson/o^ Scoap (1881) 156. 
(71 e.Yks.l MS. add. (T.H.) 

II. Dial. uses. In comb, (i) Thow-hole, tlie south ; so 
called because a south wind gen. accompanies a thaw ; 
(2) -lousin, a thaw; (3) -pans, the hollows in the moors, 
roads, &c. when filled with melted snow ; (4) -wind, a 
wind which brings a thaw. 

(i) Gall. The mermaids can ought thole But frost out o' the 
thow-hole, Mactaggart Encycl. (1824). (2) Or.I. (S.A.S.) (3) 
n.Yks.^ (4) Lnk. Send forth a thaw-wind, and spring-tide day of 
the gospel, to thaw the frozen face of affairs. Walker Biog. 
Preshyt. (ed. 1827) To the Readt'r^ xxxvi. Lakel.^ Owt can I bide. 
But a cauld thow-wind On a hee fell side. w.Yks. Robin Hood 
could stand anj'thing but bud a thaw-wind, Bn'ghoitse News (July 
23. 1887). Chs.i 

THAW, see Though. 

THAWART, adj. Sc. n.Cy. Cross, crabbed ; obstinate ; 
forward. Cf. thrawart. 

Slg. In anither moment he was in the saddle administering 
some 'rib-benders' to the thawart animal, Buchanan Poems 
(1901) 143. r.Cy. Border Gl. iCoU. L.L.B.) 

THAYKETY, int. w.Yks.' Also in form thickety. 
[Se'kati.] An exclamation ; see below. Cf thiccy. 

When a child has been in mischief and got into trouble, another 
child will say to him : ' Thaykety ! ' meaning ' You'll catch it.' 

THE, dein. adj. and adv. Var. dial, forms and uses in 
Sc. Irel. Eng. and Amer. I. Dial, forms, (i) D', (2) 
Da, (3) De, (4) E, Ee, or Eee, (5) T', (6) Ta, (7) Tay, (8) 
Te, (9) Teh, (10) Th(e [He], (11) Thee, (12) Thi. [tSa ; {'(a, 

(i) ne.Yks.^ Sometimes [and this is especially the case in the 
Holderness district) the ' t" is softened down to ' d',' thus : ' Gan 
inti d'hoos,' 19. ^2) Sh.I. Da nicht o' rejoicin' cam', Ollason 
Marcel (1901) 10 ; S. & Ork.' Da man. (3) Ken.' Inlrod. 6. Sus. 
I can't swallow it nohows in de wurreld, Egerton Flk. and Ways 
(1884) 34 ; Sus.' 8. (4) Cai. Horne Countryside (1896) 13 : Cai.', 
Wxf.i Sur. Let 'ee words as did vor vather do vor son, Bickley 
Sur. Hills (1890^ II. XV. (51 Nhb. Only heard in the extreme 
s.-west corner of the county (R.O.H.) ; 'Thoo's hit t'reet nail on't 
heed, S. Tynedale Stud. (1896) Robbie Artusiroug. Cum.^ Con- 
tracting the article 'the' into ' t" in the southern and central 
parts of the county, but not in the north-eastern part. . . 'Twether 
an' twasps hes spoilt o' trasps,' /"/'orf. 6; Cum.* Scarcely used 
in the north of the county. . . To follow more correctly its use in 
speech, it should be coupled to the word immediately preceding, 
spite of the awkward appearance presented, thus : ' Tak t'bottle 
to t'doctor's ' is more accurately represented by ' Tak't bottle to't 
doctor's.' Wm. (B.K.) n.Yks.' He's gotten t'faarm (s.v. Tak'); 
n.Yks.2 Takken by t'heart (s.v. Takken) ; n.Yks.s* ne.Yks.l The 
indefinite article should be invariably written * t' ' whether before 
a vowel or consonant; e.g. T'airm, t'bairn, 19. w.Yks. The 
definite article ' t,' the, is generally attached to the following word, 
as 'tman,' ' tkoilz.' When the word following the definite article 
begins with ' t ' or ' d ' the only trace of the article is that ' t ' and 
' d ' become suspended or, popularly expressed, lengthened. We 
make a clear distinction between ' tesbl,' table, and 't'eabl,' the 
table, Wright Gram. JVndlill. (1892^ iii ; We however always 
use ' Sa ' before ' load ' when it means God. ' Ha ' (never ' t ') is 
also used after ' ua,' who, ' wot,' what, in such expressions as: 
' Ua Sa divl did Sat?' ib. 112; w.Yks. '^ n.Lan. T'rose, Phi- 
ZACKERLEv5;i;f. So/, (i 86o) A'o/fS, 3. ne.Lan.', Hrf.=, Suf. (F.A.A.) 
Sur. Up here from t'village, Bickley Sur. Hills (1890) I. i. (6) 
Sc. The Highlanders could not comprehend what he meant until 
one who had picked up a little English, or rather Lowland Scotch, 
exclaimed . . . ' ta useless baste,' Scott Leg. Mont. (i8i8) x. 
Dmf. (Jam.) (7) War." (8) w.Sc. (Jam.) Lan. Tim Bobbin FiWti 
Dial. {ed. i8o6) Gl. {9) Lan. Tim Bobbin (A. (101 w.Yks. Let's 
sit o' th' hearth (iE.B.) ; w.Yks.^ Tli' man i' th' mooin. s.Lan.' 
s.Chs.l One scarcely ever hears ' th ' [th] from persons under 
twenty years of age. . . The general rule regulating the use of the 
soft and hard ' th ' is that the soft ' Ih ' [dh] is used before a vowel, 
the hard ' th ' [th] before a consonant. ' Tak th' bowk i' th' haise ' 
[Taak- th buwk ijdh aays]. But to this rule the exceptions are 
not few. I have heard ' I)th' bon," and the soft ■ th ' before a 
consonant is fairly frequent in the more southern part of my dis- 
trict. It seems generally to occur before a liquid. ' Gdoin furidh 
lefurz ... mi naim)z Qpu)dh rej-islur,' 54. Der.^ Hast fleck'd 

Ih' beds? (11) s.Chs.i 'Thee' [dh66] I have only met with at 
Norbury Bickley and the immediately surrounding district. ' Go 
i' thee cellar an' fatch thee beer for thee men,' 53. (12) Nhb.' 

II. Dial. uses. 1. deiii.adj. Used instead of the /oss. 
proii. my, his, their, &c., esp. in phr. tlie ivife, 

Sc. Your aunt's very infirm in the feet, Keith Lisbeth (1894') ii. 
ne.Sc. The wife an' I sat up till past eleven o'clock. Grant 
Kecltlttou, 45. Frf. Fat's the maitter vvi' the airm ? Inglis Ain 
Flk. (1895) 165. s.Sc. What shall I say to the wife? Wilson 
Talcs (1839) V. 9. Ayr. He . . . took to the bed. Service Dr. 
Duguid (^ed. 1887) 176. Kcb. Shewud cure him o'lickin the wife, 
Trotter Gall. Gossip (1901) 441. Mun. 1 couldn't tell you,. . the 
wife would know those things, Barry Wizard's Ktwt (^igoi) 22. 
Nhb. Thor's one thing aul not share wi' thoo, an' that's the wife, 
Pease Mark o DcH (1894^ 23. w.Yks. T'vvife begins o' me agean, 
Yksman. (Xmas. No. 1888) 23. 

2. Used in a general indefinite sense before certain 
words, such as — church, school, grace, bed, &c. 

Sc. Go to the school, the church, Stotinsms ( 1787") 95 ; Go to 
the bed (A. W.). Inv. He goes to the school. Say the grace ^H.E.F.), 
Fif. It's a wearisome thing lyin' i' the bed, Robertson Proiost 
(1894) 71. Ayr. I got him lyin' in the bed, Service Notaudums 
(1890) 16. Edb. Sent my auldest laddie to the school, Moir 
Mansie IVaucli (1828) vii. n.Cy. (J.W.) Wm. Varra nice an 
handy fer oor laal Annie ta ride ta t'scheul on. Spec. Dial. (1885) 
pt. iii. 38. w.Yks. (J.W.) 

3. Used before the names of diseases or illnesses. 

Sc. He has got the cold, the fever, Scoticisms (1787) 91 ; I've got 
the cold, Glasgow Herald (Apr. 3, 1899). Inv. The measles, the 
cold, the smail-pox (H.E.F.). Ayr. Granin' to himsel' wi' what 
he ca'd the rheumatics. Service Notatidirms (i8go) 16. Ir. An old 
woman, suffering from the toothache, MacDonagh Ir. Life (1898) 
332. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) 

4. Used before the names of sciences or branches of 

Sc. He has studied every part of natural history except the 
botany, 5fo//n's;;is (1787) 90. BnfT. The Latin puzzles him a bit 
but he likes the countin' (W.C). Abd., Per. Not now common, 
but in use. ' He's nae great scholar at thecoonts [arithmetic] but 
he's getting on first rate at the Latin ' (G.W.). 

5. Used before the names of commodities, in a general 

Sc. The sugar is cheaper, but the rum as dear as ever, Scoticisms 
(1787)90. Bn£F. The sugar is cheap (W.C). Abd., Per. In current 
use (G.W.). 

6. Used before the names of trades with a frequentative 
force implying the practice or learning of such, 

Sc. (A.W.I Lei.' She's teaching me tent-stitch and the lace 
mending. He put him to the boot-uppering, Iiitrod. 23. War.^ I'm 
teaching him th' paper-hanging. w.Som.' One o' my boys do work 
the dyein', an' tother's gwain to larn the paintin'. 'Apprentices and 
improvers wanted to the millinery, to the dressmaking, to the 
currying,' Wellington Wkly. News (^Feb. 3, 1887). 

7. Used before the names of the days, months, seasons, 
or years, esp. when speaking of any particular circum- 
stance connected therewith. 

Sc. He was born in the forty-five [in 1745^, Scoticisms (17B7) 
87. w.Yks. T'Setterday, t'Sunday, &c. (J.T.) 'Rut.' Shr.llwuz 
theer i' the June 'edied i' the Chri.stmas, Introd. 49. 

8. Used before proper names. 

Cum. There was t'Enry, an' t'Ebe, an' t'Ant, an' t'Atlas, 
Dickinson Cumbr. (ed. 1876) 68. w.Yks. Brough's a good bit 
abooveth'Hawes(F.P.T.); T'Hawes (J.W.); T'Skipton, t'Keigh- 
ley (J.T.). 

9. Used before the names of persons when qualified by 
an adjective. 

w.Som.' Almost always inserted redundantly when speaking of 
a person if described as poor, young, old, big, little, &c. ' Who 
do'dit?' ' Wh}' 'twas the gurt Jim Baker.' 'The young Squire 
Jones is gwain to be a-married, idn 'er ? ' n.Dev. Nif tha young 
George Hosegood had a had tha, E.xm. Scold. (1746) 1. 290. 

10. Used before ordinals when advb. 

Sc. (A.W.) Dur. Dcniiam Tracts (ed. 1892) I. 76. w.Yks., 
Midi. (J.W.) Shr.' It's a pity as 'e adna done it at the first. Turn 
come in the second and Jack the third, Inlrod. 49. 

11. Used before the names of weights in a distributive 
sense instead of the indefinite article. 

Inv. How much the pound? (H.E.F.) Bnff. So much the pound 
(W.C). Abd., Per. In common use. ' If the ounce of tea cost 2<t'. 




how much will the pound cost!' 'The peck of so an so is valued 
at so much ' (G.W.). 

12. Comb, with day, uioni, night, &c. : this, ' to-.' See 
Day, Morn, 5:c. 

Sc. The morn I what am I saying! — the day I mean, Stevenson 
Catriona (1893) xi ; I winna be married the year, Palie's IVediliiii; 
(JAM.^. Cai.', Inv. (H.E.F.) Abd. Well gie the sheep a rip o' 
corn The day — and, ablins, gin the morn, They'll a' win forth to 
shift, BEATTiEPrt)7>/^i (1801 1 35, ed. 1873. Frf. It's my last words 
to you the nicht. Barrie Minister (1891) viii. Per. We're here 
the day and there the morn, Tammas, Ian Maclaren liner Bits/i 
(1895) 42. Ayr. Before ye gang to the kirk the morn, Hunter 
Studies (1870) 132. Lnk. A bit dander up the glen the nicht, 
Fraser IVhaiips (1895) viii. Bwk. A spate the day, and toom the 
morn, Henderson Pop. Rhymes (1856) 18. Slk. The achings and 
the stitches hae been sair on me the year, Hogg Tales (1838; 18, 
ed. 1866. Gall. 'V'e stand the day. Ye shall be scattered the 
morn, Crockett Mofs-Hags (1895) xlv. Wgt. I'll tae the kyrke 
the nicht! Fraser Wigtown (1877) 210. n.Ir. I'll banlsli the 
charm the morrow. Lays and Leg. (1884) la ; N.H Will you go 
the day, or the morrow ? Dwn. The-day or the-morra, what luck'll 
fly hither, Savage-Armstrong Ballads (1901) 150. Don. Ye 
wrought hard in the fiel' the day, Pearson's Mag. (May 1900) 476. 
Cav. (M.S.M.), N.Cy.i (s.v. Day). Nhb.> The-day, the-morn, the- 
neet. e.Dur.' Der. What ha' gotten tha morn, Dick ? Ouida 
Puck (ed. 1901) ii. Hrf.' ; Hrf.^ T'year [lately, or this 3'ear], 
t'week, t'day. Hrt. The night, Cussans Hist. Hrt. (1879-1881) 
III. Cashio 321. [Amer. The year. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 394.] 

13. Comb, (i) The ben, in an inner apartment of a house ; 
(2) — both, both; (3) —butt, in an outer apartment of 
a house ; (4) — forth or furth, out of doors; abroad; (5) 
— piece, apiece, each ; (6) — self, itself. 

(i) Abd. But for her we had been bare the-ben, Ross Helenote 
(1768^ 54, ed. i8ia. (2) Myo. Here is the both of them, Stoker 
Snate's Pass {i8gi) i. s.Chs.> 62. Sbr.' I'll tak the both, Gcir/;;. 
Oull. 46. War.* I'll buy the both. w.Soni. It is most common to 
place the article before ' both 'when used alone : ee teokdhu boo'udh. 
This form is used habitually even by better educated people, 
Elworthy Grant. (1877) 26. Dev. (F.H.), Cor. (F.R.C.) (3) 
Edb. In case the judge will not permit That j'ou come ben, bide 
still the butt, Pensecuik IVks. (1815) 400. (4) Sc. (Jam.") Abd. 
Secin' that neen o' the creaturs wasna restin the furth, Alexander 
Johnny Gibb (1871) xl. (5) Sc. We have gained five shillings the 
piece, Scoticisms (1787) 89. ne.Sc. Mary an' Nelly hae five an' 
eleven littlens the piece, Grant Keckleton, 98. Inv. Sixpence the 
piece ^H.E.F.). Frf. I hae tippence, I'll gie ye a penny the piece, 
Mackenzie A'. Pine (1897) 30. Ayr. A rest for twa three minutes 
and a bucket the piece wad be acceptable. Hunter Studies (1870) 
143. Lnk. A nate sixpence worth — that's a taste to the piece o' us, 
Murdoch Headings {i8gs) I. 71. (6) e.Cy. (Hall.) e.An.' The 
child will cut theself, if you do not take away the knife. 

14. Phr. (i) //le one of us, &c., with a iieff. v.: neitlier of 
us, &c. ; (2) what's the clock? what o'clock is it? 

(i) I. Ma. The one of us hadn a thing on our head, Brown Yams 
(l88fi) 47, ed. 1889. (2) Inv. (H.E.F.) 

15. Omitted esp. before anj'thing to which attention is 
called, or after curiam prep, to denote a locality which it is 
unnecessary to further distinguish. 

Ayr. Brews gude ale at shore o' Bucky, Burns Lady Onlie, 
St. 1. Cum. Eh, but dog was a fair skeleton hissel' when he was 
fouad, Comh. Mag. (Oct. 1890) 390. Wm. I buckled Galloway 
into'the cart, HuTroNZ)i()/.5/o(-//iaHrf^rHSf(/i; (1760) 1. 75. e.Yks.' 
5. s.Chs.' ' Pon vvunna stond theer.' It may always be omitted 
before 'same.' 'Tha't gooin same road as thy fayther,' 54. Midi. 
We'll hang up th' door at fur end o' the shop, Geo. Eliot A. Rede 
(1859) i. Lei.' Look at neck! Wlioy, it's all beer [bare]. Very 
generally omitted after ' at,' 'on,' or ' under,' /ii/iorf. 33. War.* 
Sometimes omitted, for emphasis, as 'Look at crows,' i.e. the vast 
number of crows. Brks.' Omitted in cases where there can be no 
doubt as to what place, &c. may be referred to. ' Hast a-bin to 
verm this marnin'?' -A zed as a'd be at crassro-ads,' 5. Hmp.' 
Be'est agwine tovyer [fair]! You'd best call at house. He was 
up agin stable, Introd. 6. Som. He walked up street so big as a 
house, an' comed in barton so straight as a arrow, Raymond 
Love and Quiet Life ' i8g^) 109 ; He'sto howse iW.F.R.X w.Som.' 
Often omitted — Before 'same.' "Tis same's I always told 'ee.' In 
the phr. 'to doors,' ' to shop,' 'to road,' ' in house,' 'to hill,' 'to 
harbour,' ' to pound,' ' to load," &c. Before names of public-houses 
or places. In phr. 'up in town," 'in to King's Arms,' 'to fair.' 
' I'll be to Half-moon to vower o'clock.' Dev. Us went up to 

cemetery. He can't put his feet to ground, Reports Proviitc. 
(1883) 90. 
16. adv. Used before adj., gen. with an inversion of the 
verb and subject to give special stress : very, so, how. 

I. Ma. The sick I am (S M.) ; Howavar the happy you'll be, it's 
well to remember Him, Brown IVitch (1889I 61 ; In Kings it's 
tcllin, ould David's son, the wise he was, ib. Doctor (1887) 8; 
That's the man that was the clever, ib. 8. 

THE, see Thee, pers.proii., Thy. 

THEA, THEABES, see Thae, Thou, Thapes. 

THEAD, sb. Lei.' e.An.' Also in form fead e.An.> 
rf)Id.] A wicker strainer placed in the mash-tub over the 
hole in the bottom, that the wort may run off clear. Also 
called Batwell (q.v.). 

[Thede, bruarys instrument, qiialtis vel calus (Prompt.).} 

THEAE, THEAF, see Thae, Though. 

THEAK, V.' and sb. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Lin. Nhp. Also written theek Sc. (Jam.) N.Cy.' 
Nhb.' Dur.' w.Dur.' Cum.' Wm. n.Yks.^ Nhp."; and in 
forms teck S. & Ork.' ; tek Or.L; theck Sc. S. & Ork.' 
Wm. w.Yks.= ne.Lan.^ Lin.' ; theeak n.Yks." ne.Yks.' 
e.Yks." ; theick Bch. ; theik Sc. (Jam.) w.Yks.» ; thek 
Or.L ; theyk w.Yks. ; thick Lnk. Edb. [))Ik ; f ek.] 

1. V. To thatch. Cf. thack, v.^ 

Sc. Wi' ae lock o' his gowden hair We'll theek our nest when 
it grows bare, Scott Minstrelsy (1802^ II. 360, ed. 1848. Or.I. 
(S.A.S.) Abd. Item, for thecking the grammar school with heddcr, 
Turreff Gleanings (1859) 8. Fif. Their house . . . Snug theakit 
o'er wi' rushes, Douglas Poems (1806 90. Ayr. A' the vittel in 
the yard, An' theekit right, Burns Ep, to J. Lapraik (Sept. 13, 
1785) St. 7. Lnk. The roof to thick . . . cam' Robin Hill, Wi'lang 
wheat strae, M'Indoe Poems (1805) 65. e.Lth. We had the stuff 
a' into the yaird an' the stacks theekit. Hunter /. Inwick (1895) 
13. Edb. Neatly thicket o'er wi' lead, Crawford Poems (1798)6. 
Dmf. The Laird had several Bee Skeps to theek, Paton Caslltbiaes 
(1898) 19. N.Cy.', Nhb.', Dur.', w.Dur.' Cum. A weel-theeked 
house and bit of a stye, Anderson B(i//(jrfi (ed. 1815^ 85; Cam.' 
Wm. The strea theck'd cottage, Hutton Bran New JVark (1785I 
1.45. n.Yks.' =3*, ne.Yks.', e.Yks.', m.Yks.' w.Yks.'*; w.Yks.s 
Theiking t'hynder-end o't' lailhe— time it wor theiked tu. Nhp.* 
(s.v. Thack). 

Hence (i) Theaker, sb. a thatcher ; (2) Theaking, sb. 
thatch, thatching ; 7^^. roof; (3) Theakingband, sb. a tie 
or band of twisted straw used in thatching ; (4) -prod, sb. 
a rod or stick sharpened at one end and used in thatching 
for securing the 'theaking bands.' 

(i) Cai.' Frf. A theekerfell a(T a hay-soo he was workin' at, 
Willock Roselty Ends (1886; 67, ed. 1889. Ayr. Robin Rigging 
the theeker, Service Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 13a. N.Cy.' Nhb. 
Thous ower bissey tiggen on woh Jemmj' Grame the theaker lad, 
Bf.wick Tyneside Tales (1850) 12. Dur.' Cum. Young Filly's 
dung owre the lang stee, An' leam'd peer Andrew the Theeker, 
Gilpin Sngs. (1866) 256. n.Yks.' ^S", ne.Yks.', e.Yks.', m.Yks.' 
w.Yks. Grose (1790) MS. add. (P.) n.Lin.' Obs. (2) Sc. A fire- 
side, and theeking ower our heads, Scott Old Mortality (1816) vi. 
Frf. 'Neath the theekin' 0' the ruil^, Reid Heatherland 1894) 121. 
Slk. Noo Mr. Awmrose has gotten him out o' the theekin, Ciir. 
North Nodes (ed. 1856) II. 56. n.Yks.'*, e.Yks.', Lin.' (3, 4) 
n.Yks.* (s.v. Thack). 

2. Fig. To cover; to clothe; to protect. 

Sc. Theekit wi' hair, Donald Poems (1867) 22. Bcb. Well 
theicket in Achilles' graith, Forbes Ulysses (1785) 27. w.Sc. 
Theeking the perishing innocents with leaves, Carrick Laird of 
Logan (1835) 275. se.Sc. To theak the caldrif wizend hide O' ilk 
poor creature, Donaldson Poems (1809) 5a. Gall. A pump 
theekit frae the frost, Crockett Cleg Kelly (1896) 383. N.Cy.' 
A ' theaking snow' quietly but continuously falling, so as to cover 
thickly everything, as thatch does a house. n.Yks.* 'You inun 
theeak weel this caud weather,' put on extra clothing. ' A well 
theeak'd back,' as that of a person thickly clad, or very fleshy. 

Hence Thecking or Theeking, sb. clothing, covering to 
the body, &c. 

Ayr. Though ance she had a guid theekin' to her banes, she 
grew shilpit as she grew auld, Service Notandutns (i8go) no. 
Slk. Bread . . . and thecking l^or the back, Hogg Tales (1838) 
405, ed. 1866. n.Yks.* 

3. sb. Thatch, thatching ; grass, straw, &c., cut for 

Sh.I. Shu tried ta shak' da bits o' teck an' moss oot o' Bawby's 




hair, S/i. News (July 29, 1899I ; S. & Ork.i, cai.' Frf. Owre it's 
braw theek rase the cry o' despair. Reid Hcalherlaiid (1894) 128. 
N.Cy.i Nhb. Tlie riggan o' the barn had broke, The theak had 
fa'en in, Prou block Borderland Muse (18961 69: Nhb.i Cum., 
Wm. NicoLSON (1677) Trans. R. Lit. Soc. (1868) IX. n.Yks.'", 
ne.Yks.', e.Yks.', w.Yks. (J.J.B.\ w.Yks.=, ne.Lan.' (s.v. Thack). 

4. Comp. (i) Theak -band, a tie or rope of twisted straw 
or tarred band used in thatching; (2) -brod, a rod or sticlc 
sharpened at one end and used in thatching for securing 
the ' theak-bands ' ; (3) -leisher, fig. a comb for the hair ; 
(4) -prod, see (2). 

(i) n.Yks.'* (2) w.Yks.2 (s.v. Thack-brod). (3) w.Yks. A 
horn comb (vulgarly called a theik-leisher), Yhsman. (Aug. 9, 
18791 88. (4) n.Yks.l", ue.Yks.' 

5. Heather brought to the farm-yard as litter for cattle. 
S. & Ork.» 

{O^.pekja, OY..peccaH, to cover, thatch (Vigfusson).] 

THEAK, V? Not. [}>Ik.] To smart, sting. 

s.Not. Did it theak, when 'e whipped yer? (J.P.K.) 

Hence Theaker, sb. a smart, stinging blow. 

'E did gi' me a theaker (I'A.). 

THEAL(E, 5(!>. Obs. Lei. War. A board, plank, joist. 

Lei. (K.); (Hall.); Trans. Phil. Soc. (1858J 174. War. Pd. 
for two theales for the Church gates, Old Deed, Soiitham (1609). 

[OE. pel, pell, a plank (Sweet).] 

THEAM, THEAR, see They, Thir, v. 

THEASAMY, detn. proii. and dem. adj. Wil. Som. 
Also written theeazamy Som. [tSia'zami.] These. See 

Wil.' About Malmesbury (and elsewhere in N. Wilts.) (s.v. 
Pronouns). Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825) 115; 
SwEETMAN IVincaiiloii Gl. (1885). 

THEASE, dem. pron. and dem. adj. Hrf. Glo. Wil. Dor. 
Som. Dev. Cor. Also written theas Som. ; thees Wil. 
Dev.; these Hrf.'^Glo.'; and in forms deos Dor.'; theaze 
Som.; theeuz n.Wil.; theeze Cor. [tSTz, tSiaz.] This; 
used of objects having a definite shape ; hie. See He. 

Hrf.'^ Glo. I can do et thease time, Buckman Darke's Sojourn 
(1890) ii ; Glo.' Wil. Let's knaa thease verj' day, Slow Rhymes 
(1889) 49; Wil.i (S.v. Pronouns). n.Wil. What be gwain to do 
wi' theeuz ? (E.H.G.) Dor. The demonstrative pronouns for the 
personal class [i.e. of formed individual things, as, a man, a tree, a 
tool] are ' thease ' and * thik,' and of the impersonal class * this ' and 
'that.' We say, 'Thease tree by this water,' Barnes S>ig. Sol. 
(1859) Notes, iii; ib. Gl. (1E63) ai; Dor.' I da look All down deOs 
hangen on the brook, loi. Som. Look in any time you do come 
theas way, Raymond Love and Quid Life (1894) 47; Jennings 
Dial. w.Eng. (1869). w.Som. When ' dhis ' or 'dhee'uz,' ' dhik ' 
or ' dhaat ' are used alone, the distinction between the kind of 
thing referred to is still carefully maintained. Of a knife it would 
be said 'Dhee'uz' or ' dhik'Se-z muyn.' . . But of a quantity of 
hay or corn, or any substance of undefined shape, it would be said 
' dhiish y uur'z ' or ' dhaat dhae'ur-z yoa'urz.' But when the noun, 
whatever be its quality or number, has been already mentioned, or 
is to be named in the same sentence, it is referred to by the neuter 
orindefinit^eform of the demonstrative 'dhaat, dhis, 'and not 'dhik, 
dhee'uz.' Ue-z au*s ez dhaat ? Ez dhaat dhae'ur yoa"ur chiil'urn ? 
Elworthy Gram, (1877) 32. Dev. Not in thees parish. Longmans 
Mag. (June 1901) 145. Cor. Theeze Rabbart 'es a rimer, Daniel 
Mary Anne's Christening, 6. 

Hence (i) thease here (here, phr. this, this one; (2) 
Theaseyerimy, dem. adj. this ; (3) Theesum, dem. pron., 
see (i). 

(:) w.Som.' Twaud-n dhik' dhaeur, aay tuul'ee, twuz dheeuz 
yuur [It was not that I tell you, it was this]. (2) Glo. Un arl 
theaseyerimy tork a bin putt inta books, Cheltenham Exam. (Feb. 
I a, 1896 8. (3 Wil. Slow G/. (1892 . 

THEASEM, see Theasum. 

THEASUM, dem. pron. and dem. adj Glo. Hmp. Wil. 
Dor. Som. Also written theesum Hmp.' Wil.' ; theseum 
Wil. ; and in forms theasem Dor. ; theeazam Som. ; 
theesem Wil.; theezam Som.; thesem Glo.'; thesum 
Wil. Som. [Sizam, 'Sia-zsm.] 1. These. Cf. theseun. 

Glo. Jest 'ee heft one o' theasum, Buckman Darke's Sojourn 
(1890') 197; Glo', Hmp.' Wil. Slow Gl. 118921; Brixton 
Beauties (1825) ; Slow Rhymes (1889) Gl. n.Wil. What be us to 
do wi' theesum HE.H.G.^ Dor. The kiare that I've a took All 
theasum years. Young Rabin Hill (1867) 2; In theasem gam- 

bols, Barnes Poems (1879) 74. Sera. (Hall.); (W.F.R.); 
Jennings Obs. Dial. w.Eng. 1 1825'. 
2. Phr. theasum here, these. 
Glo.' Hmp.' Theesum here things. Wil.' (s.v. Pronouns). 
s.Wil. What are theseum here? Monthly Mag. (1814) II. 114. 
Som. You'll smile at theeazam here veo lains, Jennings Obs. Dial. 
w.Eng. (1825) 126. 

THEAT, sb. Sc. Also written theet So. (Jam.) Abd. ; 
thete Abd. (Jam.) Per. ; and in forms thait w.Sc. ; thet 
Sc. [)5it.] 1. A rope, chain, or trace by which a horse, 
&c., draws a plough, &c. Gen. in pi. 

Sc. Morton Cyclo. Agric. (1863). Abd. He bed latt'n im oot 
amon' 's han's i' the theets, Alexander yoA«H_y Giii (1871) xv. 
Per. Away the wheelless carriage flew As if the thetes the furies 
drew, Spence Poems (1898)92. w.Sc. Crack gaed the thaits ; 
and the swingletrees flew ower the craft in splinters, Carrick 
Laird oj Logan (i835"l 163. Fif. Colville Vernacular {iB^g) 15. 
Slg. A muckle cairt horse . . . was yok'd lillt «i' rope theats, 
Buchanan Po«KS (,1901) 146. 

2. Phr. out of theat, fig. (i) applied to any one out of 
training from want of practice ; (2) out of order, out of 
all reason or bounds. Gen. in pi. 

(i) Abd. (Jam., s.v. Thetisl. (2) Sc. One is said to be quite out 
of thetes when one's conduct or language is quite disorderly, like 
that of a horse broken loose from its harness (Jam.) ; Hence the 
ordinary e.xpression in Scotland, 'Ye are out of theet,' i.e. ye are 
extravagant or in the wrong, Rudd. (iA.) Ayr. The puir sowls 
o' the guard . . . Some o' them loup oot o' the theats a'thegither, 
Ochiltree Out of Shroud (1897') 160. Lnk. Mr. G — B— , and 
Mr. R— L — , . . had more influence upon that singular good man 
Mr. Peden to put his feet out of the theats than all the six and 
twenty years tyranny of persecution he endured, Walker Bio^. 
Presbyt. (ed. i827'i I. 94. 

3. Fig. A liking or inclination for. 

Frf. The puir body no haein' muckle theat o' siller that was won 
in a way she didna ken o', Willock Rosetty Ends (1886) no, ed. 
1889. Per., Cld. I hae nae thete o' that (Jam., s.v. Thetis). 

["The renis and the thetis, Quharwyth hys stedis jokkit 
war in thretis, Douglas Eneados (1513) IV. 134, ed. 1874.] 

THEAT, nn>'. Or.l. n.Cy. Lakel. Yks. Lin. e.An. Also 
written theet n.Yks.'^"* e.Yks.' ; and in forms thight 
S. & Ork.' Nrf. ; thite e.An.' Nrf. ; thyte Nrf. [\nt.'\ 

1. Impervious to water, &c. ; close in texture ; not leaky, 
watertight or proof. Also useAfitg. 

S. & Orlc' n.Cy. A barrel is theat, when it holds liquor without 
leaking (,K.) ; N.Cy.=, Lakel.2 n.Yks.' Gif t'vessel beean't theet, 
t'watter '11 wheeze ; n.Yks.^* e.Yks.' A theet roof. A theet 
cask. w.Yks. (R.H.H.) Lin. Streatfeild Lm. and Danes 
(1884) 371. e.An.' Nrf. Marshall Rur. Econ. (1787) ; Nrf.i 

2. Tight, close, thick-set, applied esp. to crops, &c. 
e.An. ' As applied to the fitting of apparel. Nrf. Applied to a 

wood (A.G.) ; Applied to turnips, or other crops; close, thick-set, 
Grose (1790) Suppl. ; The happy pair [of reed-pheasants] fly about 
the ' thyte reed,' plucking reed-feathers, Emerson B/rrfs (ed. 1895) 
56: Nrf.' 

Hence Thightness, sb. of turnips or other crops: close- 
ness, the state of being thick-set. 

Nrf. There are men who are fully aware that the ' proof of 
their turnip-crop depends more on its thightness than on the size 
of the plant, Marshall Rur. Econ. (1787) I. 271. 

[Thyht, hool fro brekynge, not brokyn, integer (solidiis, 
F.) (Prompt.). ON./«7/r,tight, opp. to leaking (Vigfusson).] 

THEAUM, see Thumb. 

THE AVE, sb. In gen. dial, use in midl. and s.Eng. 
Also written theeve Der. ; and in forms thaive Hrt. ; 
thave w.Yks.^ Chs.'^ Not.' Nhp.' se.Wor.' Shr.' Hrf."- 
Oxf.' Bdf. [)>iv ; pev.] A young ewe sheep that has not 
yet borne a lamb. Also used fiig. of a young woman. 
Cf teg. 

w.Yks. 2, Chs.'3 Midi. Marshall Rur. Econ. (1796) II. Der. 
Addy G/. (1888) ; Der.' A sheep of three years ; Der.2, Not' s.Not. 
Just see how many o' them shearlings is thaves (J.P.K.). Lin.^ 
sw.Lin.' A female sheep in its second J'car, before it has had a lamb. 
Lei.' Nhp. ' A female sheep of the second year. War.^, w.Wor.', 
s.Wor.', se.Wor.' Shr.' A ewe sheep of the first year. Hrf.' A 
female sheep in the second 3'ear which has ceased to be a iamb and 
is not yet a ewe. Glo. '2, Oxf.' .A/5, add. Brks. The mutton is 
exceptionally good, and included in this sale are 40 very choice 
ripe Southdown Theaves, Oxf. Times (^Dec. i, 1900) a; Brks.* 




Bdf. Female lamb i| yr. old, or when sheared, BATCiiFXOR Anal. 
Eiig. Laii^. ^1809') 145; Hrt. 1 lie third ytar we call 
a ewe a tliaive, Ellis E.rfitn'iiienls (1750) 43. Suf.' Ess. Ray 
(1691); Ess.' w. Cy. Ewes that have been shorn once, Morton 
Cyclo. Agric. (1863). Wil.' A ewe of the third year. Dor.' A 
sheep three years old and therefore having six incisors. 

[Item, at a notlier tynie, uppon the same ground, iiij"" 
hoggys and xl.tlieyves,P(75toH/.«'//('rA( Oct. 14,1465)111.43.1.] 

THEAWM, THEAYK, THEAZE, see Thumb, Take, 

THEBES, THEC(CA, see Thapes, Thic(k. 

THECK, sec Theak, v}, Thic(k, Thick. 


THE(E, I'. Obs. Sc. Lan. To thrive, prosper ; to grow. 

Sc. Let's drink, and rant and merry make, And he that spares 
ne'er mote he thee, Ritson Sugs. (1794^ II. 132 (Jam.); But 
wearie fa' the fairy wicht That's tane my bairn frae me ; . . M.iy he 
never thee! Edh. Mag. (June 1819) 527 ,'i.;. Lan. (K.) 

[OE./("o;;,//o«, to flouiish, prosper (Sweet).] 

THEE, 56. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dun Cum. Yks. Lan. Der. 
Lin. Also in forms tee S. & Ork.' ; theeagh n.Vks.*; 
theegh Kcb. vv.Yks. e.Lan.' s.Lan.' ; theigh w.Yks.'; 
theye Cum.' [\n.] A dial, form of ' thigii.' 

Sc. (G.W.), S. & Ork." Per. I wade the ditches to the thees, 
Spence Poems (1898) 71. Feb. Stands wi' his untheeked thccs, 
Z.i«/o«i/G^«<i(i685j i68,ed.i8i7. GalI.(A.W.) Kcb. Histheeghs 
an hurdies was punsh't tae a jeely. Trotter Gall. Gossip (1901) 
443. N.I.' Nbb. His hands in liis kwoat pockets, beayth thimpt 
owr his thees, Bewick Tynesiile Tales (1850) 10. Dur.', Cum.', 
n.Yks.'2* w.Yks. T'eea theegh kittles (F.P.T.); w.Yks.'^, 
e.Lan.', s.Lan.', nw.Der.', n.Lin.' 

[I shalle toche now thi thee, Towiieley Myst. (c. 1450) 47. 
OE.//"o/i, thigh (Sweet).] 

THEE, peis. pron. and v. Sh.L Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Chs. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Lei. Wor. Shr. Hrf. s.Wal. 
Glo. Oxf. Brks. Nrf Sur. limp. L\V. Wil. Dor. Som. Dev. 
Cor. I. Dial, forms. 1. (i) Dee, (2) Die, (3) T", (4) Ta, 
(5) Te, (6) Tee, (7) Teh, (8) Tey, (9) Th', (10) Tha, (11) 
The, (12) Theh, (13) They, (14) Thi, (15) Thie, (16) Tho, 
(17) Thur. [Si; unstressed tSa.] 

(i) Sh.I. Glide guide dee, Spence Flk-Lore (1899) 243. (a) 
S. & Ork.' {3) s.Lan.' T'. (4) Cum.' Fares ta weel (s.v. Fares- 
ta). ne.Yks.', m.Yks.' Iiiirod. 24. w.Yks. Sit ta dahn, Preston 
Poems (1864^ 5. Not. What ails ta? Prior Forest Flk. (1901) 69. 
(5) Cum. I send te thisan, Lonsdale Mag. (Feb. 1867) 309. s.Lan. 
Bamfokd Dial. ;i846). Lei.' 26. (6) Cum. Monie . . . Wad like 
to sit wi' tee and me, Anderson Ballads {iQo$)6&; Cnm.', s.Lan.', 
Der.' Obs. (q. 8) s.Lan.' (9) Nhb. How way hehaym wouth tli', 
Bewick Tyiieside Tales (1850) 13. s.Lan. Bamford Dial. (i854\ 
(10) Cum. We'l mak tha fringes o' gold, Dickinson Siig. Sot. 
(1859) vii. Wm. Spec. Dial. (1880) pt. ii. 4. n.Yks." ne.Yks.' 
He sent tha, 23. e.Yks.' m.Yks.' hitrod. 24. w.Yks. All i' 
t'rahm envyin' tha, Cudworth Dial. Sketches (1884") 6; Wright 
Gram. IVndhll. (1892) 116. n.Lan. OlT with tha, Wilson Brtffrt 
Queen (1900 lo. ne.Lan.' Lin. I clean forgot tha, Tennyson 
Owd Rod {iWoi). Shr.' Gram. Outlines, n^. Dev. Tha uprite luv 
tha, Baird Sng.Sol. (i86o) i. 4. Cor. I'll put tha in my Fayther's 
spiritual Court, Harris Wheal Veor{\(joi) 110. (11) Nhb. Robson 
Sng. Sol. {1859) Notes. Cum.^ Get oot wid the', Jwohnny — I tell 
the', be dciin, 41. e.Yks. (R.S.) w.Yks.' I'll tell the aw, ii. 303. 
Lan. Tim Bobbin Vieiv Dial. (ed. 1806) Gl. Glo.' Nrf. Far thC 
well, Gillett Sng. Sol. (18601 Notes, 3. (12) w.Yks. Ah'll spcik 
to theh in a minnit, Banks IVkfld. IVds. (1865I. (13) m.Yks.' 
Introd. 24. s.Chs.' Emph. 64. Shr.' Gram. Outlines, 47. (14) 
w.Yks. Ah'll tak thi hooam, Keighley News i^Mar. 16, 1889J 7, col. 
7. Lan. Si thi, Bess. Banks Manch. Man (1876) i. s.Lan.', 
s.Chs.' 64. 15} Der.'* Surrie, hie thie doo'not throotch. (16) 
Lan.', e.Lan.' s.Lan.' Here, get this into tho. (17) Dev. I'll 
write tliur, deer Jan, a banging girt letter, N. Hogg Poet. Lett. 
(ed. 1865) 8. 

2. Coiilraclioits: (i) Thee'rt, thee art; (2) Thees, ia) see 
(1); (6) thee hast; (3) Thee'se, thee dost ; (4) Thee'st, (n) 
see (2, 6) ; (Al thee hadst ; (c)see(i); (5) Thee't, see (i). 

(1) Cor. Bchowld, thee'rt feer, Sng. Sol. ^18591 i. 15; Thee'rt 
braave and bloody, Tom, Tregeli-as Tales, Trenman, 8. (2, a) 
Wor. Berrow'sjrn. (Mar. 17, 1888). (A) w.Som. Dhee-s u-broakt 
dhi- buurxhes, Elworthy Gram. (1877) 40. (3) Wil. Thee'se 
crawl and stretch. Slow Pity mes (1889)36; Ta baig vrim thay 
thee'se know caant speer, ib.; Wil.''s thee'se want to knaw 

vorl (s.v. Pronouns). (4, a) Der. Hear how thec'st fared, and . . . 
what thee'st done, Good Wds. (1881) 845. Brks.' Thce'st best 
be atr. I.W.' Dev. Wait till thee'st tried a French prison, 
Norway Parson Peter 1900) 104. (6) Brks.' n.Dev. I lliort 
thee'st got et all by heart, RocK/iman' AV//(i867) St. 3. c) Wor. 
Why thccst as fussy as a thrush with her young uns. Berrow'sjrn. 
(Mar. 17, 1888 . [5) Midi. Geo. Eliot A. Bedt (1859) I. 11. 

II. Dial. uses. 1. pers.proii., ace. sing. You. 

Nhb. How way hehaym wouth th', Bewick fyneside Tales{\i%<i) 
I a. Cum. 'Tee,' which is emphatic, and is somewhat limited locally, 
is employed in place of the 'you' of standard English, when 
contempt or familiarity are to be indicated (E.W P.). Wm. Lile 
saarvisable waark et ennybody can git oot o tha, Spec. Dial. {1860^ 
pt. ii. 4. n.Yks.*, ne.Yks.' 23. cYks. I bids thee get out of my 
house, Simmons Lay-Fits. Mass-Bi. 399; e.Yks.' m.Yks.' The 
forms of the and pcrs. sing., though naturally the expression of 
familiar feeling, is yet associated with contemptuous treatment on 
the part of a speaker, Introd. 24. w.Yks. Still extensively used, 
but it is not so general now as it was twenty years ago, Wright 
Gram. IVndhll. (1892) 118. s.Lan.' s.Chs.' Implies familiarity, 
or at least absence of constraint. . . Also adopted to express anger, 
contempt, or strong emotion, 65, 66. nw.Der.' Not. What ails ta, 
child? Prior Forest Flk. (1901) 69. Lin. I doan't knoa thee, 
Gilbert Riigge (1866) H. 63. sw.Lin.' Used ... in familiar 
conversation. 'Thou likesttohearMr.C. read to thee' (s.v. Thou". 
Lei.' 26. Glo. The laws that govern the use of ' thee ' and ' thou ' 
amongst agricultural workers are not to be violated. . . A co-mate 
or inferior is to be so addressed, but when they quarrel the ' thou ' 
and ' thee ' should not be dropped since that would be an admission 
of the adversary's superiority, Buckman Darke's Sojourn (1890) 
iii ; Glo.' Used . . . not only familiarly amongst friends but also 
contemptuously and in anger (s.v. Thou and thee). Oxf. 'Thee' is 
used by the boys to each other. Also in quarrels and very familiar 
conversation; but not before superiors (A. P.); Oxf.' It is con- 
sidered a liberty for a stranger to say ' thee ' to any one. Nrf. 
Almost entirely disused, being only retained in some salutations. 
' Far' the well.' . . ' Sam' onto thee,' the constant response to the 
toast, 'Here's t'ye,' Gillett Sng. Sol. (i860) Notes, 3. Hmp. 
Often used between near relations or old friends H.W.E.) ; Hmp.' 
Very commonly used. s.WiL iUoH//i/)'il/(j^. (1814) II. 114. w.Som. 
Most generally used by seniors to their juniors, by boj'S to each 
other, and by farmers to their servants or labourers. It is used to 
express anger, contempt, and also endearment, but it usually implies 
much familiarity, and would never except for intentional imperti- 
nence be used by an inferior; but its form is always 'dhee.' 'Thou' 
is never heard, Elworthy Gram. (1877) 35. n.Dev. Dim [thee] 
is again rather more heard in North Devon than with us, ib. Cor. 
I'll get a twig, and drive thee out, Hvnr Pop. Rom. w.Eng. (1865) 
57, ed. 1896. 

2. Used for the noni. sing. : thou, you. 

Chs.3 Thee nOan ' Midi. Thee't like thy dog Gyp, Geo. Eliot 
A. Bede (1859 I. 11. Stf. The Chmnicle (Oct. 25, 1901). s.Stf. 
(G.T.L.), Der.' Not. Thee can't dream. Prior Forest Flk. (1901) 
113. Lei.' Not common except in addressing children. 'Will 
thee 'av some, love?' Introd. 25, 26. Wor. Thees no more brains 
noramaggit, Sf/row's/rH. (Mar. 17, 1888). w.Wor.' Hrf. 'Thou' 
is never used, but often 'thee' is substituted for it. 'Thee hast' 
(J.B.). s.Wal. Thee must have paid a lot for that, Raine Garthowen 
(1900) 8g. Glo. Thee bist a queer un, Gissing Vill. Hampden 
(1890) I. xi ; Glo.' Brks. Thee bist wunnerful cheerful, Phoebe, 
Hayden Thatched Cottage ^igoa") 9; Brks.' Snr. Thee do look 
abon a bit hot, Bickley Snr. Hills (1890) I. i. Hmp. Thee casn't 
cast thee (H.R.). s.Hmp. Thee beest a fool (J.B.P.\ LW.» Wil. 
If thee cant read, thee knows what a book is, thee gawney, Ewinc 
Jan IVindniill (1876) v; Wil.' s.v. Pronouns\ Dor. Thee've a- 
got a young chile to mind. Hare Dinah Kellow {igoi) 11. w.Som.' 
Dev. Ef thee dissent mend thee ways, Salmon Ballads (1899) 60. 
e.Dev. Thee wast boarn o' thy mauther, Pulman Sng. Sol. ,i86o) 
viii. 5. Cor. Thee doesn't deserve it, because thee aren't playing 
fair, Hunt Pop. Rom. w.Eng. (18655 58, ed. 1896. 

3. Used with an imper. 

Cum. Fares-te-weel, Watty, Anderson Bu/Zarfs (1805)53 ; Cam.' 
Far tha weel. Fares ta weel. w.Yks. Thee read it, Lucas Stud. 
Nidderdale (c. i88a) ; (J.W.) Lan. See tha, Jim, Donaldson 
Larnin to Sing (1886) 5. s.Chs.' ' Dhey'is used with an imperative 
allirmative when emphasis is required and always precedes the 
verb : ' Thee mind thy own business.' With an imperative negative 
(dhaa] may also be used, but is less strong than [dhey]. ' Du)nu 
dhaa goa- dheeur' is not so strong as ' Dii)nu dhey goa* dheeur," 
but stronger than ' Dii)na goa'dheeur,'67. Wil.' Neverthee mind 
(s.v. Pronouns). 





4. Reflex. Thyself. 

Nhb. Thou can get thee on thee sister's shoun, Bewick 
Tynesidc Tales (1850) 13. w.Yks. Kuni forad,lad, an sit iSe dan, 
Wright Gram. fViicllill. (1892I 120. Lan. Sit tho deau-n,WAUGH 
7"»//5:ed.Milner) II. 7. s.Chs.' Get tliee dressed, 69. Not. Tliee 
can't dream to hurt thee after 'Jesus Christ's sake, Amen,' Prior 
Foeest Ftk. (1901) 113. 

5. Used for the pi. nom. and ace. : you. 

Lan. Thee men are a" alike, Pall Mall Mag. (Sept. 1901) 123; 
Thee men when thee gets together at th' beer-house, Antrobus 
IViMtrsiiioor (1901} ai6. Brks.' 6. 

6. Phr. f/iee by thou is a quaker's son, prov. Hrf (Col/. 

[On the disjunctive use of 'thee' see the Grammar.] 

7. V. In phr. fo tliee and thou, to address in the 2nd pers. 
sing. ; to talk famiharly with. See Thou, 5. 

w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. Famiharly he ' thee d ' and thou'd' the 
men. And cheekily they ' thee'd ' and ' thou'd ' again, Doherty N. 
Barlow {1B84) 28. Oxf.i I can't abar'n a thee-in an' thou-in about. 
Wil.i ' He thee'd and thou'd us,' said of a clergyman who was 
very familiar with his flock. A man complained of the way in 
which his neighbours had been abusing him, the climax of it all 
being reached when they began to ' thee and thou ' him. 

THEE, see Thae, Thy. 

THEEA, THEEAF, see Thae, Tharf. 


THEEDLE, sb. Obs. Knr. (Jam.) A stirring-rod for 
porridge, &c. See Thible, Thivel. 

THEEF, sb. Cai.' Also written thief. [\>\i.} 1. An 
escape of wind, flatulence. 2. A stench ; a bad smell. 
Cf feff, si.i 

[ON. pefr, a smell (Vigfusson).] 

THEEGH, THEEK, see Thee, sb., Theak, v} 

THEEL, sb. Sc. Also written theil (Jam.). [I'll.] A 
stirring-rod for porridge, &c. See Thivel. 

Fif. A vigorous use of the porridge stick or ' theel,' Colville 
Vernacular yiSgoi) 41 ; (Jam., s.v. Thcivil). 

THEENE, V. Obs. Wxf • To close. See Tine, v." 

THEER, see There. 

THEE'S,/io55. nn^; Dev. [Siz.l Thy, your. Cfthoo's. 

Robert Biles shall be thee's man, Jane Loids/iip {i8g-]) 40 ; I 
don't sense thee's talk, ib. Ever Molmii (1901) 44. 

THEESEM, THEESEN, see Theasum, Theseun. 

THEEST, pers. pron. Cor. Also in form thees. Used 
for the nom. sing. : thee, thou. 

Theest must lam some traade or 'nuther, Loiigtjiaii's Mag. (Feb. 
'893) 375 ; Pick up. Bill Hosken, an' go thec'st home, Lee Paul 
Carali (1898) 32 ; Theest talk of sillin' sheers, thee hoogly zape ! 
Daniel But/gel. w.Cor. 'Thees must.' I have never heard it 
without 'must' (M.A.C.). 

THEESUIM, THEET, see Theasum, Theat, sb., adj. 

THEETEN, V. n.Yks.= [[ntan.] To tighten. Cf theat, 
adj. Hence Theetening, sb. the cementing materials in 
a building. 

[Thyhtyn, or make thyht, inlegro, consolido, solido 

THEEVE, THEEVIL, see Theave, Thivel. 

THEFNICUTE, see Fefnicute. 

THEFTUOUS, adj. Obs. or obsol. Sc. Thievish. 

Per. Winked at the theftuous outrages of those under their 
command, Monteath Dunblane (18351 20, ed. 1887. Gall. Like a 
theftuous schoolboy, Crockett Locltinvar (1897) 287. 

Hence Theftuously, adv. by theft. 

Arg. He would hang a Cowal man for theftuously away taking 
a board of kipper salmon, Munro /. S/>len(l:il (18981 50. 

[Was not the theftuous stealing away of the daughter . . . 
the first ground vvherupon all this great noise hath since 
proceeded ? King James I, to Bacon, Aug. 23, 1617 (CD.).] 

THEFTY, orf/. n.Yks.=' [be'fti.] Thievish. 

THEG, see Thig. 

THEGGY, THEGIDDER, see Thic(k, Thegither. 

THEGITHER, nn';.. Sc. Irel. n.Cy. Nhb. Also written 
the githerGall.; and in forms thegether, thegidder Sc. 
I Sagi-Sar, -getSar.] Together. 

Sc. A' the time ye are thegither, Scott Midlothian (1818) xx. 
Mry. When bairns we were a' douk'd thegither. Hay Linlie (1851) 
I.). c.Sc.The I wa aye gang thegether, Setoun ;?. Un/u/iarl 1896) 

iv. Abd. Ca' a bit framie thegidder, ALEXANDERyo/;H«jG!ii(i87i) 
xvii. Per. A'wesjuist doin' whata' could tae keep things thegither, 
Ian Maclaren Auki Lang Syne {i8<)z) 10. Fif. Twa cronies link'd 
in love thegidder, liEtitUKfit Papistry (1827) 11. Gall. Aye sin syne 
we liv'd the gitlier, Lauderdale Poems (1796) 7. N.I.', n.Cy. 
(Hall.) Nhb. We've had three happy years thegither, S. Tynedale 
Stud. (1896) Robbie Armstrom^ ; Nhb.* (s.v. The). 

'THEGLUM, THEIGH, see Metheglin, Thee, sb. 

THEIK, THEIM, see Theak, v}, Tharm. 

THEIR, pass. pron. Var. dial, forms in Sc. Irel. Eng. 
and Amer. [tSe3(r ; unstressed t53(r.] I. Dial, forms. 
(I) Aar, (2) Dere, (3) Dir, (4) Dyr, (5) Teear, (6) Tear, 
(7) Thaire, (8) Thar, (9) Thear, (10) Theer, (11) Ther, 
(12) The're, (13) They, (14) Thir, (15) Thor, (16) Thur. 

(i) Wxf.^ Aar gentrize ware bibbeen, 84. (2) Ken.^ Introd. 6, 
Sus.' 8. (3) Sh.I. Dey micht get dir een apo' me, Ollason 
Mareel [igoi) !■]. (4) S. & Ork.' Dyr ain. (5"! s.Lan.' (6) Lan. 
An' t'kine drop teer cauves, Kay-Shuttleworth Scarsdale (i860) 
II. 36. (7) n.Cy. (Hall.) (8) Shr.» It's thar fence. War.^ 
Introd. 15. (9) Sur. Look at thear hands, Son of Marshes On 
Sur. Hills (1891) 217. (10) Lan. Th' farmer's wife at the end 
theer yerd seed summat, Harland & Wilkinson Flk-Lore (1867) 
60. s.Lan.^ 'He's gooin' to theer heawse.' No rule can be laid 
down as to the distinctive use of 'theer' and ' ther' when used 
as possessive pronouns. Their use is entirely a matter of custom. 
Der. The childer'll be off theer yeads at the thowt, Gilchrist 
Milton (1902) 6. Dev. Theer mother's brother, Phillpotts 
Striking Hours (1901I 50. (11) Wm. When they dra up ther 
cortan, Wheeler Dial. (1790) 113, ed. 1821. n.Yks.^ m.Yks.' 
' Dhu' unemph. In the case of this form and corresponding 
ones, r is added when a following word begins with a vowel, 
Introd. 25. w.Yks. Wright Gram. IVndlill. 1892) 122. s.LanA 
They liv'n i' ther own heawse. s.Chs.' 68. [Amer. Ther 
Sabbath-breakin' to spy out, Lowell Biglow Papers (1848) 27.] 
(12) Nhb. The're fingers, Bewick Tynestde Tales (^1850) 13. (13) 
m.Yks.' Introd. 25. (14) n.Ir. But'U tell thir uncomfort. Lays and 
Leg. { 1884) 83. Lin. Them or thir feythers, Tennyson N. Farmer, 
New Style (1870) st. 13. (is') Nhb. Doon they gans on thor knees, 
Pease Mark 0' Deil (1894) 30 ; Nhb.i (16) Lan. Help folk wi' thur 
sledges along, Harland Lyrics (1866) 246. 

II. Dial. use. In phr. oa their or their oa, all of them. 

Cam. (E.W.P.); Cum.'' Denman was oa ther daddies (s.v. 

THEIR, see They. 

THEIRN, poss. pron. Stf. Lei. War. Shr. Hrf. Glo. 
Oxf Brks. Mid. Ken. Sur. Sus. Hmp. Wil. Amer. Also 
in forms thaayrn Brks.' ; thairn Glo.^ ; thern Hrf ^ Sur. 
Wil. [tSesTan.] 1. Disjunctive use : theirs. Cf hisn. 

Stf. Tlie CItronicle (Aug. 23, 1901). s.Stf. If they thinkin' it's 
theirn, let em tak it, Pinnock Bit. Cy. Ann. (1895V Lei.' 26. 
War.'^ 'Whose cat's this?' 'Theirn next door'; War.* (s.v. 
Hisn\ s.'War.' (s.v. Hisn\ Shr.' 49. Hrf.^ Most on 'em be theirn. 
Glo.^ 15. s.Oxf. It's no business o' theirn, Rosemary C/iilterns 
(189s) 146. Brks.l 6. w.Mid. I finished my job, but they hadn't 
done theirn (W.P.M.). ne.Ken. (H.W.I, Sus.' (S.v. Hisn\ Hmp. 
(H.C.M.B.); Hmp.' Introd. 7. s.Hmp. So there were his'n, and 
her'n, and their'n ye see, 'Verney L. Lisle (1870) viii. 'Wil. Slow 
Gl. (1892); 'Wil.' (s.v. Pronouns). [Amer. When other folks lost 
their'n from the boys, his'n always hung there like a bait to a 
hook, Sam Slick Clockmaker (1836) ist S. x.] 
2. Conjunctive use : their. 

Sur. Too proud to tell thern name in Christian fashion, Bickley 
Sur. Hills (1890) II. vi. 

THEIRS, poss. pron. Suf [tSeaz.] Their house. 

THEIRSELVES, ;v;7c.v. /iro«. In gen. dial, use in Sc. 
Irel. and Eng. Also in forms thaayrzelves Brks.'; 
thairsel, thairsels Sc. ; tharselves Shr.* ; tharsilves 
Cor. ; theerselves Der. Dev. ; theezelves Brks.' ; their- 
sells Wm.; theirsels Sc. N.I.' n.Cy. Dur. w.Yks.^ Lan.' 
Chs.' nw.Der.' Not.' Lei.' Nhp.' War.^ ; theirzels w.Som.' ; 
theirziilves n.Dev. ; thersel e.Lan.' ; thersells Wm.; 
thersels ne.Yks.' m.Yks.' ne.Lan.' s.Lan.'; thirsel Sc. : 
thirsells Nhb.; thirsels Sc. Uls. Lan.; thorsels Nhb.' 
n.Yks.^ [Unstressed t5a(r)se'lvz, -se'lz.] Themselves. 
See Theirsen(s. 

Sc. 'Thairsel' [is] used when the idea is collective: 'thair- 
sels ' when the idea is segregate. ' Ye maun keip thyr be thair- 
sel,' Murray Dial. (1873) 197 ; Folk'll hardly gang the length o' 




thirsel' withool a train, Wright Sc. Life (1897) 32. Frf. Gin 
they wad only rcise tlicirscl's, Keid Ueallifilaiiil iiSg^"" 26. Lnk. 
Dae ye think for a mecnit that they arc spcndin' a shillin" the less 
on thirscl's, Gordon Pyolsliaw 1885') 116. Edb. They were puir 
bodies theirsels, Campbell Deilie Jmk (1897) 155. Dnif. To l<ecp 
thcirsel's frae cauUI, Johnstone Poems (1820) 113. Kcb. Tlie 
ministers is no fond o' 'caul kail het again' theirsels, Trotter Gull. 
Gossip (1901) 7. N.I.' Uls. Amusin' thirscl's for a fortnicht, 
M'Ilroy Craigliimie (1900) 27. n.Cy. IIall.1 Nhb. Ere they 
kent thirsells stricken ava! Coi/iitltliile S)ij;s. (1852) 112; Nhb.' 
(s.v. SelV Dur. Liberty to please theirsels, Guthrie Kilty Fngaii 
(1900I 104. Wni. T'younger end, amang thersells, mcead fun, 
Spei: Dial. (1880) pt. ii. 37; Folks leeve in caves ... by their 
sells, HuiTON Bkiii New Jf'nc* (1785) 1. 196. n.Yks.= ne.Yks.' 
24. ni.Yks.' Iiilioil. 25. w.Yks.' Help their sellcs ; w.Yks.^ 
Lan. When misfortins are bad o' thir.-els, Harland Lyrics 
(1866) 287; Lan.', ne.Lan.1, eXan.', s.Lan.', Chs.' Der. A 
bad lot; as lives for theerselves, Ouida Pi(ck (ed. 1901) v. 
nw.Der.', Not.' s.Not. They've only theirselves to blame (j.P.K.). 
nXin. They think they'll look big by makiii' theirselves look like 
our maisters, Peacock R. Skirlaiigh U870) I. 275. Lei.' Nhp.' 
Servants are often told 'to keep theirsels to theirsels.' War.^ Shr.' 
Gram. Outlines, 48. Glo. They can't look after theirselves like 
me, GissiNG K;//. //(jHi/x/fH (1890) III. ii. Brks.' 6, 7. Nrf. Men 
twistering theirselves into all mander 0' forms, Spilling Molly 
Miggs (1902) 87. w.Sus. The swearers by theirselves, Gordon 
Vill. and Doctor (1897 106. Dor. Let 'em please theirselves, 
Francis Pastorals (1901) 40. w.Som. Dhai oan uurt dhaeurzuul'z 
or -zuul, Elworthy Gram. (1877) 42; w.Soni.' Tidn same's off 
anybody could do it theirzels. Dev. Let 'em bide an' find men 
for theerselves, PHiLLPorrs Sons of Morning (1900) 211. n.Dev. 
All of a minute the wuds stopped o' theirzulves, Zack Dunstable 
IVeii (1901) 25. Cor. They thinks tharsilves quait ansom. Daniel 
Muse, 41. [All mostly sounded to be a-talkin to theirselves, 
Dickens Bleak House (1853) xlvii.] 

THEIRSENiS, refl. pron. Yks. Lan. Midi. Not. Lin. 
Lei. War. Shr. Also in forms theersens n.Yks. Midi. ; 
thersens ne.Yks.' c. Yks.' m.Yks.' w.Yks. s. Lan.'; theseln, 
thesenls w.Yks.; thessen Lin. [Unstressed tS3se'n(z.] 
Themselves. See Theirselves. 

Yks. They sud do it reight theirsens, Taylor Miss Mites (1890) 
xiii. n.Yks. Sum of them chaps at went thruf the whole thing 
fra the forend theersens, Why John [Coll. L.L.B.). ne.Yks.' 24, 
e.Yks.', m.Yks.' w.Yks. Wright Gram. WnMll. (1892) 122; 
(C.E.F.) Lan. Hoo knows th' company would think their.sen too 
good fur her, Antrobus IVihlersmoor {igoi) 275. s.Lan.' Midi. 
Folks a-fancyin' theersens, Bartram People of Clapton (1897) 37. 
Not. (L.C.M.); I'J.H.B.); Not.^ They took theirsens off. s.Not. 
(J.P.K.) Lin. Says to thessen naw doubt, Tennyson A'. Fanner, 
Old Style {1864) St. 1^. n.Lin.' sw.Lin.' They do it within their- 
sens a deal fs.v. Sen). Lei.', War.^ Shr.' Grant. Oiillincs, 48. 

THEIVEL. THEKtKA, THEKKY, see Thivel,Thic(k. 

THEM, pers. pron., don. pron. and dent. adj. Var. dial, 
forms and uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and Arner. [tSem, tSem, 
tSeam ; unstressed Sam.] I. Dial, forms: (i) Dem, (2) 
Tem,(3)Thaini,(4)Thame, (5)Theeni, (6) Thiin, (7)Thum. 

(i) Sh.I. She flang dem i' da peerie gricc pan, 5h. Ncivs (July 
30, 1898) ; S. &. Ork.', Ken. ( H.M.), Sus.' 8. 2) Cum. Whar men 
feeds tem in at, Lonsdale Mag. (Feb. 1867) 310; Cum.' (3)80. 
Murray Oi'fl/. (1873) 184. Cuni.',e.Lan.' (4) Cum. Kelph il/isc 
Poems (1847) 122. w.Yks. Ah'm noan o' thame 'At calls at t'time 
by t'clock, Preston Poems 1864) 5. (5) e.Lan.' (51 n.Ir. They 
ach had a toothful till help thim till wink, Lays and Leg. (1884) 
8a. Nhb. She says te thim, RonsoN Bk. Ruth (i860) i. 20. 
m.Yks." Introd. 25. (7) Cor. Knack thum down, Daniel Biulgcl, 13. 

II. Dial.uses. 1. pers. pron. Providence, the Heavenly 
Powers ; freq. in phr. T/ieni above. 

Per. It's juist a most terrible nicht, though nae doubt them 'at 
sent it kens best, Cleland Inchhrackcn (1883) 9, ed. 1887 ; Them 
at sends a' things kens what's tor our gude, ib. 75. Ir. Sure 'tis 
from far enough it's com', if 'twas the likes of Them sent it, Barlow 
Martin's Comp. (1896) 25. Cum. And whae, Torquatus, can be 
sworn 'At thame abuin 'ill grant To-mworn? Relph Misc. Poems 
(1847) 122. s.Stf. There's times when you'd think the very words 
we speak was put into our lips by Them Above, Murray Church 
of Humanity (1901 ) 72. Ken. I don't want to presume to interfere 
with Them above, Carr Cottage Plk. (1897)61. 
2. -Used lor the nont. ' they.' 

e.Yks.' n.Lin.' Them is a thuskin' pair o' twins. Lei.' Them 
be dal'd, a6. War.^ Introd. 15. Brks.' 

3. Used instead of their ' before participial constructions. 
Sc. A.W.), n.Cy., w.Yks, Midi. J. W.; Sur. Whafs the usco" 

them growing turnips ? Hoskyns Talpa (1852) 160, ed. 1857 ; Sur.' 

4. Comp. Them-lane, by themselves, alone. Sec Lone, 
adv. 5. 

Abd. The lasses left them lane began to won'er, Anderson 
Poems (ed. 1826) loa. Gall. It shall never be said that Mardrochat 
left twa wcel-faurcd lassies themlanc, Crockett Moss-Hags 
(1895) xl. 

5. dent. pron. Those. 

Sc. As the antecedent of the relative. 'Thaim it dyd it,' 
Murray Dial. (1873) 184. Frf. Them as says there's no has mc 
to fecht, Barrie Minister {iSgi) iii. SIk. Thomson Drummcldale 
(1901) 18. Uls. (M.B.-S.) n.Yks. Them's them (I.W.) ; n.Yks.* 
ne.Yks.' Them's good uns. Them 'at wants onny may lead 'cm 
for thersens. e.Yks.' Them's them. m.Yks.' Whether it's urn 
or them there's no counting, Introd. 25. w.Yks. Demz vari guid, 
bad Siaz ez or o beta(r) [Those are very good, but these are 
belter], Wright Gram. IVndhll. 1892) 124; Them's um fer mah 
money (B.K.); w.Yks.3 n.Lau. Such as them enjoys thersells, 
Wilson Bacca Queen 1 19011 89. Ch».', s.Chs.' 69, Der. iJ.B.), 
nw.Der.' s.Not. I never thought to 'ear you say words like them 
(J.P.K.X Lei.' 26. War.2 Introd. 15. Hrf. (R.M.E.), Hrf.a 
Oxf. Them's the very ones I wants (G.O.); Oxf.' Them be um. 
Nrf. 1 hem cats wor given me. Spilling Molly Miggs (19021 46. 
Sur. Them be my two children, Jennings /"/i/(//'n//i5 (1884) 39 ; 
Sur.' Sus. Yes, them are the broilers, Wiggin Goose Girl ^1902) 
33. Hnip. (ll.C.M.B.) ; Hmp.' Them be'aiit the ones we wanted. 
Dor. Them be the ways to chuck away good money. Hare As IVe 
5o!t; (1897) II. Som. Jennings ZJiVi/. K'.j?)/^. (1869^ Cor. Them 
were times, I tell 'ee, Harris IVhcal Veor (1901) 8. [Amer. 
Them wasn't our only troubles, Lhoyo Chronic Loafer (igoi) 11.] 

6. Phr. i/ieni there, those, those ones. 

w.Yks., Lan. (J.W.), s.Chs.' 70, Not', Lei.', War.3 Shr.' 
Gram. Outlines, 50. Oxf.' MS. add. 

[On the disjunctive use of 'them' see the Grammar.] 

7. dent. adj. Those. 

Sc. I mind none of them things, Scoticisms (1787)91 ; (A.W.) 
Ir. The back of mc hand to thim blamed ould throopers. Barlow 
Martin's Comp. (1896) 57. n.Ir. What's the meanin' o'them riles 
laid through the streets ? h\m.z Paddy McQuillan, 11. Qco. As 
good a chance, at any rate, as Ihcm villains, Bakringion Sketches 
1 1830) I. ii. Nhb. Thame days the sarvin' lads was train'd to de 
yen's biddin, Chatt Poems (1866) 86; Nhb.' Cum.'" Pref. 28. 
Wm. En them days, GiusoN ic^. (iiirfA'o/i-s (1877") 68. ne.Yks.' 
In order to give ' them ' a more demonstrative force, 'yonder' is 
frequently added, as 'them bo'ds j-onder,' 26. e.Yks.' Them 
pigs, 6. m.Yks.' Iniiod. 22. w.Yks. ' Dem ' is the only word 
used for 'those,' Wright Gram. IVndhll. (1892) 124. Lan. Some 
o thaim chaps, Scholes Tim Gamwattle (1857) 25. s.Lan.' It wur 
them lads 'at made o th' row. Chs.' Der. She's partial to them 
things, Goorf ffrfi. (1881) 850. Not.* Give us them apples. Lin. 
Them words be i' Scriptur, Tennyson Owd Rod 1889'. n.Lin.' 
Fetch them plaates off o' th' pantry shelf. War.^ ; War.^ What 
are you a-doing among them apples ? se.Wor.' Them pigs don't 
get on much ^s.v. They). Hrf.* Glo. Them white-fcaced divils, 
Gissing Vill. Hampden (1890) I. i. e.An.' Whose arc them books? 
Nrf. In them days, Cornh. Mag. (June 1900) 817. Ken. Them 
sands and lanes be nasty places for a young 'ooman, Carr .Inn 
of Lord (1899) 30. Sur. How's them sort o' farmers to be put an 
end to! Hoskyns Talpa (1852) i6i, ed. 1857. Sus. None of them 
things for mc, Egerton Flk. and IVays (1884) 4. Hmp.' Did 'ce 
fetch them tools ? Dor. To carry them flowers, Longman's Mag. 
(Aug. 1902) 335. Som. Aunt Joshua did not care so very much 
about them pack-fellows, Raymond Tryphena (1895) 67. Dev. 
Them little legs is drawed up, Baring-Gould Dartmoor Idylls 
(1896") 22. [Amer. See all them bees drownded in the honey ' 
Dial. Notes {i8g6) I. 376.] 

8. Phr. (i) i/iein here, these; those ; (2) — //lere, those. 
(i) War.* Introd. 15. [Amer. Them ar' 'cadamizcd roads, 

Bradley Virginia (1897) 138.] (2I w.Yks. Dem tiior aplz kost 
tupms, Wright Gram. IVndhll. (189a) 124. Der. If one may 
b'licve them there pennies [penny stories], Ouida Puck (ed. 
1901) ii. Not. Them there fower faces, Prior Rcnic (1895) 10. 
Nhp.' Who do them there sheep belong to ? War.* Gi'e me them 
there nails. Oxf.' Them thsr »ns, MS. add. Brks.', Hnt. ^T.P.F.), 
e.An.' Cmb.' I'm sure thcni-there gals of ours must ha' gone 
cranky. Nrf. (EM.) Suf. Goo you and git one of them there 
pics, FisoN Merry Suf. ^1899^ 9. Sur.' Do you suppose he would 
sell one o' them there cottages i Jennings Field Paths ( 1884) 137. 

M 2 




Dor. Them there legs o' yourn should be pretty well stretched by 
now, Francis Fiander's IVidow (1901) pt. 11. v. Som. The washen 
o' them-there broidery collars, Raymond Love and Quiet Life 
(1894I 9. 

THEM, see They. 

THEMMIN, fl'tw./ro;;. and rfc;;;. ffrt); Glo. Wil. Also 
written themen Glo.^ ; themmen Glo.° [Se'niin, -an.] 
Those; also in phr. themen there. See Wnn, pioti. 

Glo.>, GIo.= 15. WU. Britton Beauties (1825); Wil.' (s.v. 

THEMMY, deiii. pron. and ciem. adj. Wil. Som. Dev. 
[Sammi.] Those. 

Wil.' About Malmesbury (and elsewhere in n. Wilts.) (s.v. Pro- 
nouns). Som. (Hall.), e.Som. (G.S.) Dev. Themmy zalt-zellar 
things. Ford Postle Farm (1899) 114. 

THEMS, poss. adj. Dev. In phr. thems own selves, 

e.Dev. What the Force knows they keeps to thems own selves, 
Jane Ever Mohuti '190O 202. 

THEMSELVES, irj^e.v. pron. Sc. Irel. Also in forms 
demsels Sh.I. ; thaimsel', thamesel(f, thenisel(f Sc. (Jam. 
Suppt.) ; thimselves In 1. In phr. (i) r?^ themselves, in 
the full possession of one's mental faculties ; in a state of 
mental composure; cf. at, VI. (ii); (2) to come to them- 
selves, to perish, die. 

(i) Sc. Such as are at peace with God . . . will be in a very com- 
posed frame and at themselves in the height thereof, Hutcheson on 
Job xviii. 4 (Jam,, s.v. Himsell). (2 Sh.I. He [a raven] "s awa 
ta feast apo' da hjodens o' som' o' da sheep 'at cam' ta demsels 
last ook, 5/1. News (Apr. 29, 1899) ; It was considered unlucky 
to speak of death or loss (J.S.). 

2. Used for the sing, himself, herself. 
Sc. Every ane for themsel (Jam. Suppl.). 

3. Used as a nam. : they. 

n.Ir. Thimselves . . . Detarmin'd . . . till ransack the nation, 
Lays and Leg. {lS,8^) Bo. 

THEN, adv. Var. dial, forms and uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. I. Dial, forms: (i) Dan, (2) Dann, (3) Den, (4) 
Nan, (5) Tan, (6} Ten, (7) ? Tham, (8) Than, (9) Thin, (10) 

(ij Sh.I. Sh. News (Aug. 20, 1898). (3) S. & Ork.l (3) Sh.I. 
Stewart Tales (1892) 70. Ken.' Introd. 6. Sus.i 8. (4) Ayr. 
Nows and nans, Douglas Green Shutters (1901) 34, (5) w,Sc. 
Carrick Laird of Logan (1835) 282. e.An.> Nrf. Hollowav. 
Ken, Now and tan a song, Masters Dick and Sal (c. 1821) st. 70. 
Hmp.i, Wil.i Som. Jennings Dial. ui.Eng. (1869). (6) s.Lan.' 
Obs., e.An, (Hall.), Suf.i, Som. (W.F.R.) (7) Lan. So tham tell 
him tha's let ov a job, Lavcock Sngs. (1866I 43. ,8) Sc. (Jam.), 
Cai.' Abd. Weel-a-wuns than, Jinsie, Ale.xander Johnny Gibb 
(1871) iii. w.Sc. Nae wonder than you're like to gang dementit, 
Carrick Laird of Logan (1835) 263. Kcb. But than, ye see, 
women's ay mair resoursfu nor men, Trotter Gall. Gossip (1901) 
74. Cum, ' Varra weel than,' sez he, Sargisson Joe Scoap (1881) 
176. Wm. Ivver sen than, Blezard Sngs. (1848) 17. e.An.' 
(s.v. Tan). Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). (9) Ir. 
Ah, thin, may be ye an't fat, Lever //. Lorr. (1839 ~| vii. Nhb, 
Lie doon thin tel the morn, Robson Bk. Ruth (i860 iii. 13. 
Lin. Thin 'c coom'd to the parish, Tennyson N. Farmer, Neiu Style 
(1870) St 8. Suf.> (10) Cor. 'Arreah! thon,' rephed Mrs. 
Brown ; ' that's the way the maggot do jump, es et ? ' Forfar 

II. Dial. uses. In phr. (1) by then, (a) by the time that ; 
see By, prep. II. 14 (12) ; (b) obs., in an instant ; (2) noivs 
and thens, now and then ; (3) then aboiits, about that time ; 
(4) —in or of days, in former times; some time ago; (5) 
— was then, but noiv is «oai, circumstances have altered; 
(6) with then, then, thereupon. 

(r,a) n.Cy. By then I return, Grose (1790) AfS. add. (P.) 
Nhp,' It'll be done by then you return, Hnt. T.P, F.) (6) Der.i 
(a) w.Sc. Noos and tans I crackit my thooms like a whip, Carrick 
Laird cf Logan (1835) 282. Cai.' Ayr. Very convenient to 
adjourn nows and nans, Douglas Green Shutters tigoi 1 34. Not. 
• Docs ta say tha prayers ? ' ' Nows an' thens,' Prior Fore.-,! Flk. 
(1901 ) 113, s.Oxf. A game o" crickuls nows and thcn.s, Rosi.m aky 
Chillcrns (1895) 113. (3) Cum.i* n.Yks, Hell come then-abouts 
(I.W,) ; n,Yk9.2 e.Yks,' It was then or then aboots, MS. add. 
(T,H.) w.Yks. (J.W.), e.Lan.',s.Lan,' s,Not. It wor thenabouts 
.ns ah fust begun to tek parliclar notice on 'im (J.P.K.). (4) 
Sh.I. Dat'U gic you a. idee o' what da men guid troo dan i" days, 

5/1. News-{Tyec, 9, 1899) ; Folks 'een wirna sae opened dan-a-days 
ta da evils o' dram-drinkin', J.H. Da Last /"ciy (1896) 4. n.Sc. 
(Jam.) Cai. The promenade, without which no marriage then-a- 
days was a marriage, Horne Countryside iiBg6) 26. Abd. They 
had a queer custom then o' days. Michie Deeside Tales ,1872) 132. 
Oxf, ' MS. add. [^5) Sh.I. Dan wis dan, bit noo is noo, Sh. News 
(June 29, 1901). Abd. That's a' true. But then was then, my lad, 
and now is now, Ross Helenore (1768) loi, ed. 1812. (6) Gall. 
Whan naething mair fra it dis seep, Wi' than they move the 
shankie, Mactaggart ^HycA (1824) 113, ed. 1876. 

THEN, conj. Sc. Yks. Lan. Lin. ; also Dev. Also in 
forms den Sh.I. ; thin Dev. [Sen, tSan.] Than. 

Sc. (Jam.) ; Thou hast sent her love tokens More now then two or 
three, Jamieson Pop. Ballads , i8o6i 1. 13. Sh.I. Mairden 1 sudsay, 
Stewart Tales (1892) 8. n.Yks. They're neea happier then we 
wer, Tweddell Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 43, e,Yks.' Jack can maw 
bether then Jim. w.Yks.^, e.Lan,', n.Lin.' Dev. Thy luv cs 
better thin wine, Baird Sng. Sol. (i860) i. 2, 

THENDER, THENE, THENK, see Thonder, Thane, 

THENNUM, adv. Obs. or obsol. Suf.' In phr. by 
thenniim, by that time. 

Dee yeow dew that there job, and by thennum I'll be woo ye 
"the NO-W, see Now. 

THEOREM, sb. Dev. [Jjirsm.] A theory. 

He'd got a tlicorem as the two Testaments didn't zactly go 'pon 
all fours each with t'other, Phillpotts Striking Hours (igoi'i 243. 

THEPES, THER, see Thapes, Thar. 

THERE, adv. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. Also in forms dere Sh.I. Sus. ; thair Sc. (Jam.) ; 
theer Lan. Glo. ; ther Sc. ; thur Glo. Wil.' ; thure Glo. 
[Se(r, tSia(r ; tSs(r).] 1. In co;;;i. (i) There-abouts, about, 
very nearly ; (2) -after, (a) after that ; (b) at that rate, in 
proportion ; (3) -again, an exclamation of surprise or 
assent ; (4) -along, there ; used to imply continuance of 
direction ; (5) -anent, (a) concerning that ; (b) thereupon ; 
(6) -away(s, [a) thereabouts ; those parts ; in that quarter 
or direction ; (6) of time: thereabouts; (f) 06s., that way, 
to that purpose ; {d) \n phr. out of thereaway, from about 
that quarter; (7) — ben, in an inner apartment; (8) — 
but, in an outer apartment ; (9) -by, («) near that place; 
(b) see (6, b) ; (10) — east, in the east ; towards the east ; 
(II) -fra or -from, thence ; (12) -in, at home, within doors; 
(13) -out, (a) outside; out of doors ; (b) out; (14) -right, 
(o) on the spot, then and there; used both of place and 
time; (6) a call to horses at plough : straightforward; (15) 
-till, {a) thither; {b) thereto; (c) in addition to; (16) 
-with, with it. 

(_i)Lin,' n.Lin.' Scotter's theareaboots two mile fra Messingham. 
(2, (?) Sh.I. Dcrefter . . . Maekie gathered up da shimberin' Oliver 
in his airms, Ollason Mareel (igoi) 36. i^A) I.W. Smith Gl. in 
(Hall,). (3) Peni. (W. M.M.) (4J w.Som.i Dhaiaewzez dhae'Ur 
lau'ngbee aul oa'm vauyd. (5, «) Abd. Thereanent, sir, I had 
a word o' a proposal to mak', Macdonald Warlock (1882) xlix. 
Per. If in this life ye've lairdship sma'. The less your fasherie 
thereanent, Haliburton ZJ/mid*- (1895) 57. Kcb-VivinMuncraig 
(1900) 47. (A) n.Cy. Border Gl. {Coll. L.L,B.1 (6, a) Sc. The 
term is used indefinitely, when it is not meant to specify the 
particular spot (Jam,). e,Sc. He would belong thereawa? 
Setoun R. Urquhari (1896) iii. Per. Brocht t'eyauld manse frae 
there-awa. Cleland Inchbracken (1883) 227, ed, 1887, Gall. 
They maun 'a been awfu' teegers for fechtin' thereawa yince, 
Gallovidian (1901) III. 70, Lakel.^ He was gaan lull a sial at 
Kendal er theer-away. n.Yks. They live thereaway ^l.W.). 
w.Yks,' ne.Laii.' 'Bat! bat! bear away, Here-away, there- 
awaj'. Intainyhat. ' Said by boys when a bat is flying about. 
Lin.' I flung it down in that corner, and it's there aways. Nhp.', 
I.W.' Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). (,i 1 Sc. Swagger- 
ing about the country with dirk and pistol at my belt for five or 
six months, or thereaway, Scott Redg. (1824) xi, Sus. Half a 
hundred years agoo or dereaway. Lower Tom Cladpolc (^1831) 3, 
ed. 1872. (f) Sc. Confirming the same by many mighty works 
in Scripture tending there awaj', Guthrie Trial (1775) 210 
(Jam,), (rfi Sc, (Jam,) (7) Sc, (Jam,) ; He is well boden there 
benn Who will neither borrow nor lend, Kelly Prov. (1721) 150. 
Lnk. 'Tis ill brought, but that's no there ben, Ramsay Poems, (ed. 
1800) II, 525 iJam.). (8) Sc. (Jam.) (9, n) Yks. (C.C.R.) 
w.Som.' Nif I baint there, you'll vind me thereby; I shan't on'y 




be in to Mrs Ridler's to Crown. (A) Sc. He is thirty years old or 
thereby, Mitchell Swllicisms (i799) ^i. (101 Sc. Wlierefore the 
Tables there cast thought (hey should not conjoin but divided 
them in four, Baillie Let/. (1775) I. 164 (Jam.), (ii' Sc. (Jam.) 
Abd. Carried there frae to his own lodging, Spalding Hist. Sc. 
(1792) I. 53. w.Yks.' GIo. The missus and the vamily went 
right away thurefrom, Buckman Darte's Sojourn (.1890) 55. 
Dor. (C.W.) w.Som.' Tiid-n ncct ubio' droeguunshautsdhac'ur- 
vraum'. Dev. They took it therefrom, litporls Provinc. (1884^ 
(i2)Sllc. Bessy Chisholm — Heh ! Are ye tlierin ? Hogg Perils of 
Mau (1822) III. 202 (Jam.). (13, a) Sc. A hen that lays thereout 
should hae a white nest egg, Henderson Piov. (183a) 66, ed. 
1881 ; To lie thairout (Jam.i. n.Sc. If yc'll work therein as we 
thereout Well borrowed should your body be, Buciian Ballads 
(1828; I. Ill, ed. 1875. Abd. It's black theroot, an' dingin' oot, 
wi' great thuds o' win, Macdonald Warlock (1882) xx. Frf. Rin ! 
Betty, rin an' look thereoot ! Reid Heatlierlaiid (1894) 47, Lnk. 
Watson Poems (1853) 35. (A) Ayr. Like caller trout I'd gane 
thereout Wi' fresh an' ruddy cheek, AitisuE Land o/Btirtis led. 
1892 323. (14, n) GIo. Er picked un up thurrite un went, 
Cheltenham Exam. (Feb. 12, 1896)8; '&vcK}s\^fi Darkens Sojourn 
(1890 61. I.W.' Begin there-right; I.W.= Pitch in there-right. 
w.Cy. (^Hall.) Wil.' Dall'd if I hadden a mine to ha' gien he 
what-for thur-right, if 't hadden a bin fur the narration as they'd 
a made on't, 214. Dor.' w.Som. ' 1 took-n pared-n down, there 
right. nw.Dev.i (A) Hmp.^, Wil.' (15, n^ Sc. Cauld Carnousie 
stands on a hill. And many a fremitane gangs theretill. Chambers 
Pop. Rhymes (ed. 1870) 268. (6) Sc. A shower of rain in July, 
when the corn begins to fill, Is worth a plough of owsen and a' 
belangs theretill, Henderson Prov. (1832 129, ed. 1881. (c) Fif. 
Wi' angry bill, and wing theretill, Tennant Papistry (1827) 63. 
(16) GIo. 'Twill be better gwine thur-with, Buckman Darke's 
Sojourn (1890) 112. 

2. Phr. (1) there and thereaways, approximately ; (2) — 
is, it is ; (3) — novj for you, an exclamation ; (4) — or there- 
abouts, (a) see (i) ; (b) in the neiglibourhood ; (5) therms 
hot it is, how hot it is ; (6) there then haps, an exclamation 
of dismay ; (7) — you, an exclamation ; (8) to be there, to 
be master of one's wits ; to be equal to the occasion. 

(i) e.An.' Is the horse worth twenty pounds ? — There and there- 
aways. (2) s.Wal. Well, indeed, there's missing jou I'll be, Getliin, 
Raine Garlhowen (1900) 8; There's glad they'll be to see you at 
Garthowen, (/', 9. (3) Ir. MacDonagh /r. Z-i/f (1898) 334. (4, n) 
Nhb.i n.Yks. Is t'well dry?— It's there or thereabouts (I.W.). 
(b) Not. (J.H.B.) (5) Gmg., s.Pem. /\'. if Q. (1887) 7lh S. iii. 129. 
(6) Ess. (CD.) (7) s.Wal. I have done it, there you (J.Y.E.). 
(8) s.Not. He is a good scholar; ycr can't set 'im fast. Ax 'im 
out, an' 'e's there in a moment (J.P.K.). 

3. Used redundantly at the end of a sentence. 

n.Yks. When he wanted ti gan ti t'casllc, there (I.W.). w.Yks. 
(J.W."i Der.' What dun ye co him there ! 

THEREAST, adv. e.Yks.' Approximately in that 
place. MS. add. (T.H.) Cf. hereast. 

THERECKLY, adv. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Oxf. Ken. and 
Amcr. Also written the-reckly Nhb.' ; and in forms 
thareckly e.Yks.' ; the-recklies Nhb.' ; therectly Ken. ; 
therickly w.Yks.' ; threkly Oxf.' [Sarekli.] 1. A cor- 
ruption of ' directly.' Cf toreckly. 

Wgt. If ye see them [wraiths^ at night, they're gaun tae dee 
thereckly, Saxon Gall. Gossip (1878) 175. Nhb. She'll be dry 
thcreckly, Haldane Gforrfy's Lai/ (1878) 8; Nhb.' e.Yks.' When 
ya tell him tl dceah owt, he diz it thareckly, MS. add. (T.H.) 
w.Yks.5 Therickly Sir, 53. Ken. (G.B.) [Amer. I . . .put 'im 
in a good humor thereckly. Cent. Mag. (June 1883) 190.] 
2. Phr. threklv luinule, this instant, at once. Oxf' MS. add. 

THEREFORE, adv. w.Cy. Som. Also in form there- 
vor. In phr. therefore I say it, that is my argument ; used 
as an int. w.Cy. (Hall.) Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. 
lu.Eni;. (1825). 

THEREIMY, sb. GIo. [tSerimi.] An emphatic form 
of there ' when used subst. after ' that.' See That, 5 (14). 

I've never troubled my yead about such things as that thereimy, 
Buckman Darke's Sojourn (1890 ~i 180 ; GIo.' 

THERENCE.nrfi'. GIo. I.W. w.Cy. Dor. Som. [tJe'rans.] 
Thence ; from that i)lacc. 

Glo.' I.W. ^ Come i>ul o' thcrence, or else I'll be aater thee. 
w.Cy. (Hai.l.\ Dor.' Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. tv.Eng. (1825). 

THERLfE, THERM, sec Thirl, adj., Tharm. 

THERN, THERSELS, see Theirn, Theirselves. 

THERSENS, THERT, see Their8en(8, Thwart. 
THERTING, sb. Dor. |}>§tin.] A landmark or 
bearing for boats. 
w.Dor. To find a spot they take three bearings, offing, therting, 

and boat (C.V.G ). 

THERY.W;'. w.Som.' [Sari.] A dial, form of very." 

Aay bee dhuurce zaurce, biid aay kaa'n uulp oa' ut. 

THESE, deiii. pron. and dent. adj. Var. dial, fonns and 
uses in Sc. and Eng. [tHz, tSiaz.] I. Dial, forms: (i) 
Dese, (2) Tese, (3) Thaise, (4) Thase, (5) Theas, (6) 
Thease, (7) Theeas, (8) Theease, (9) Theese, do) Theose, 
(11) Theuse. 

(i) Ken.' Introd. 6. (2) s.Lan.' (3) Cor. They calth ihaisc 
parteys pck-ncks, you, Daniel BK</^f/, 25. (41 Oxf. f A. P.) (5) 
w.Yks. Tha nivver cums theas doors within, Preston Poems 
(1864)8. (6) m.Yks.' /«/»0(/. 22. w.Yks.' e.Dev. Pllman Sm^. 
So/, (i860) A'o/«, iii. (7) Cum.'* w.Yks. O' one side bcin' printed 
i' white letters theeas words, Binns Oiii^iKa/s ( 1 889 : 4. 181 n.Yks. 
TwEDDELLC/fw/.y?/M(»;«(i875)35. w.Yks. Lucas S/zirf. Nidderdale 
(e. 1882) 284. (9) Lan. What, upon thecse chcears? Brierley 
Layroch (1864) iii; Ti.M Bobbin F/cv Dial. ^cd. 1806) Gl. (10) 
w.Yks.' (ii)Cor.3 

II. Dial. uses. 1. dein. pron. Those. 

Sc. These, who were present, chose Agamemnon, Scoticisms 
(1787^ 117. n.Yks. Theease was t'wods, Tweddell Clevel. Rhymes 
(1875) 41. w.Yks. fJ.W.) 

2. Phr. these here, these. 

w.Yks. Dus ta laik isi.-)z i(r)? Wright Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 
124. s.Chs.' 70. Shr.' Emph. form. Gram. Outlines, 50. 

3. dent. adj. Those. 

Sc. Helen, the prettiest woman of these days, Scoticisms (1787) 
115; 'These regions,' distant counties. 'These ages,' the days 
of other times. Monthly Mag. (1800) I. 239. Cum.'* (s.v. Thur.) 
w.Yks. Lucas Stud. Nidderdale (c. i88a) 2B4. 

4. Phr. (i) these here, these; (2) — uns or ans, these 
ones, these ; (3) — yerimy, see (i). 

( I) w.Yks,, Midi. (J.'W,), Lei.' 26. War.^Tliese'ere boots are a 
misfit, Inlrod. 15. Brks.' Theuz yer wuts be wuth double o' them 
ther, 7. Nrf. (E.M.) Ken. To understand these 'ere things, Carr 
Collage Flk. (1897) 53. Som. It was one o' these here Tussores, 
Raymond 7»j/>/idi(i- (1895) 34. w.Som.' Uez bee dhcozh yuur 
bee-US ? [Whose be these here beasts ?] Dhaiz yuur tae'udeez bee 
dhu bas'soaurtu-groa" (These (particular) potatoes be the best sort 
grown]. n.Uev. One of these here stillish days, Chanter IVilch 
(1896)4. {s)Cnm.* Pre/. 26. Oxf. (A. P.) Brks.' Be thc-uz uns 
th.nay ? 7. (3) GIo. I never 'ad no yead fur these-yerimy thcngs, 
Buckman Darke's Sojourn 1890) iv. 

5. Used with pi. nouns denoting time : for, for the space 
of. Cf this, 6. 

Sc. A W.^ Cor. She's dead an gone now theuse thirty eers, 
Pe.nherthy IVarp and Woof, g, 

THESE, THESELN, THESEN(S, see Thease, Their- 


THESEUN, dent. pron. Hrf. Brks. "Wil. Also in forms 
theesen Wil.' ; thesun Hrf^; theuz-un Brks.' [Sia'zsn, 
tSi-zsn.] These. Ilrf'*, Brks.', Wil.' (s.v. Pronouns). 
Cf theasuni. 

THESS, THESSEN, see Let, v.\ Theirsen(s. 

THESTREEN, adv. Sc. [gastrin.] Last night, 
yesterday evening. See Streen, adv., Yestreen. 

Abd. They war unco wcrsh thestrecn, Macdonald ll'arlock 
(1882) X. Kcd. A reamin' burn cam' rum'lin' doon Faur burn wis 
nane thestrecn, Grant Lays (1884^ 2. Lnk. I mind it as wecl as 
I mind thestrecn, Edb. Mag. (Dec. 1810) 503 (Jam.). Edb. As 
if he gat nae sleep thestrecn, Macaulay Poems (1788) 151. 

THESUM, THESUN, THET, see Theasum, Theseun, 
Theat, sb. 

THETCH, sb. War. Wor. 0.\f. Bck. Bdf Hrt Wil. 
Dor. Som. Dev. Also in form thatch War.^ Wor. Oxf. 
Bck. Hrt. w.Cy. Wil.' Dor. w.Som.' [petj, fiaetj; w.Cy. 
also (SetJ, tSatJ.J 1. A dial form of vetch ' ; applied esp. 
to the common vetch, Fieia saliva ; and the bush vetch, 
B. sepiuni ; gen. in pi. Cf. thatch, 3. 

War.3 a. Wor. A tidy lot o' thatches 'oin be (H.K.). Oxf., Bck. 
(B. .'<; H.) Bdf. iJ.W.B.) Hrt. A Thctch will grow through 
■The bottom of an old shoe, Ellis Mod. Hiisb. (1750) V. viii. 242, 
in /"/*-/-0'< /?<■!. (1880) 111.35. w.Cy. (B. &H.) WiL' All vetches 
are known as 'Thetchcs' or 'Thatches' in \Vilts, being 'Blue,' 




' Yellow,' or ' Red ' Thetches according to the colour of the flower. 
Dor. (G.E.D.) Som. Sweetman JVincaiilon Gl. (1885). w.Som.i 
Mr. Tristram 've a-zend word to zay he can spar-ee zo many 
thatches as you be a mind to. nw.Dev.l 

2. Comp. Thetch-hay, dried vetches. Hrt. Ellis Mod. 
Husb. (1750) I. i. 59. 3. The meadow pea, Lalhyrus 
pratciisis. Dor. (G.E.D.) 

THETE, THE-UZ-UN, see Theat, &b., Theseun. 

THEW, v} Cor.^ [Not known to our correspondents.] 
To threaten. 

THEW, V? Cum. [Not known to our other corre- 
spondents.] To tire. (J.S.O.) 

THEW, see Thaw. 

THEWED, ffrfi/. Obs. n.Cy. 'Towardly'; hopefully. 
(K.), N.Cy.' 

THEWLESS, adj. Sc. Yks. [jjiulas.] Feeble, in- 
active. Also used advb. Cf. thowless. 

Abd. Like some puir dwinin' thewless wicht Wi' death in view, 
Murray Haniewith (1900) 85. GaH. He was a quiet, thewless, 
pleasantly conforming man, Crockett Moss-Hags (1895) 1. 
n.Yks.* w.Yks. I seemed to stand thewless, Snowden Ifeb of 
Weaver {liytjt) 72. 

THEY, pers. proit., deiii. pron. and dent. adj. Var. dial, 
uses in Sc. and Eng. Also written thaay Brks.' ; thay 
Wil. Dev. ; theye Nhb. [tSe, tSea ; unstressed tSa.] 

I. Dial, forms. Contractions: (i) Tead'n, they had; 
(2) Tear'n, (a) they were ; (b) they were not ; (3) Teayd'n, 
they would ; (4) Teyd'n, see (i) ; (5) Teyn, (a) they will ; 
(A) they have; (6) Tey'rn, they are; (7) Tha,see (5,6); (8) 
Thame, they are ; lit. they am; (9) Thave, see (5, b); (10) 
Thay'm,(n)Theam,see(8);(i2)Thear, (i3)Their,see(6); 
(14) Them, see (8) ; (15) Thar, see (6) ; (16) They'd'n, {a) 
see (3); (*) see (i) ; (17) They'm, see (8); (18) They'n, 
(a) see (5, b) ; (b) see (5, a) ; (c) see (2, a) ; (19) They'rn, 
(a) see (2, a) ; (b) see (6) ; (20) They's, (a) they shall ; (b) 
they are; lit. they is ; (21) Thid, (a) see (i) ; (b) see (3); 
(22) Thi'dd'n, see (i) ; {23) Thi'd'n, (a) see (3); (b) see 
(i) ; (24) Thi'n, (a) see (5, a) ; (b) see (5, b) ; (25) Thir, 
see (6) ; (26) Thirn, see (2, a) ; (27) Thor, see (6). 

(l) Lan. Tim Bobbin View Dial. (ed. 1806) Gl. s.Lan.i (2, o) 
Lan. So I asht him what team far? Tim Bobbin ib. 21. s.Lan.i 
(i) Lan. I'd awlus a notion at tear'n no gonnorheeods,TiM Bobbin 
ib. Reader, 11. (3) s.Lan.' (4) Lan. Tim Bobbin ib. 23. (5, a) 
Lan. Teyn mey no bawks o telling fok, Tim Bobbin ib. Reader, 6. 
s.Lan.i (A) Lan. Teyn turned me eawt o' t'work-heause, Kay- 
Shuttleworth Scarsdale (i860) II. 285. sXan.^ (6) Lan. 
Teyrn loike a faucon's, Kay-Shuttleworth ib. 33. (7) Wil. 
Tha' ael got zwords, Kite S>tg. Sol. (i860) iii. 8. (8) WU. Thame 
on the brink, Slow Rhymes (1889) 90. s.Wil,, Som., Dev. (E.H.G.) 
(9)n.Yks.Thave gitten t'Mell(W.H.). w.Yks. (J. W.) (10) Dev. 
If thay'm vvuUing, N. Hogg Poel. Lett. (ed. 1865) In/rod. 1. 18. 
(11) Wil. If theam com yer ta buy. Slow September Voir. (12) 
Sur. Thear gal's hands. Son of Marshes Oh Siir. Hills (1891) 217. 
; 13) Nhb. Meynde ..hat their o toakin about, Bewick Tyiicside 
Talcs (1850) 13. (14) Ken.'* (15) n.Yks. If ther bad, Tweddell 
Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 24. (16, n) Lan. They'd'n a foughten a lion 
apiece, Waugh Heather (ed. Milner) I. 265 ; Tim Bobbin ib. 
Reader, 8. s.Lan.' (6) Lan. Tim Bobbin ib. s.Lan.' (17) Dev. 
They'm of a mind, pretty much, Mortimer IV. Moors (1895) 209. 
n.Dev. They'm difl'erent. Chanter IVilch (1896) 42. Cor. They'm 
all a-foot, I do b'lieve, Phillpotts Prophets (1897) 93. (18, a) 
w.Yks. O think they'n good gin at Beggar'd Choild, Bywater 
Gossips, 19. Lan. Iv they'n a table, Laycock Siigs. (1866) 15. 
m.Lan.', s.Lan.' (b) Lan. They'n be sure to ax me, Waugh 
//c(i//i«(ed. Milner) 1.6. s.Lan.i (<:)Chs.> (19, <i) Lan. They'rn 
tellin, Brierley Layroct (1864) iii; An they'rn o meterly greyte 
lott then, Ormerod /f//y //o' Rachde {18^1) i. s.Lan.' (A) Lan. 
When they'rn brokkcn deawn, Brierlev Layrocli (1864) iii; 
They'rn at wark, Kay-Shuttleworth Searsdale (i860) II. 33. 
1,30, fl) Sc. (]M\.Suppl.\ Cum. They's lig him In irons, Anderson 
Ballads (1805) 61; Money they's git neane, Gilpin Ballads 
(1874) 169. (6) Sc. (Jam. Siippl.) (21 a, b) s.Lan.' (22) Lan." 
Thi'dd'n just getlcn a yure o' th' owd dog into 'cm, Waugh Life 
and Localities ( 1855) 28. (23, a) Lan. What tliidn wear, Scholes 
TimGamwaltld \8z,i')a. e.Lan.'. s.Lan.' (A^ e.Lan.', s.Lan.' (24) 
s.Lan.' (251 ne.Sc. Tliir i' the Lord's ban's, Guken Gordonluwen 
( 1887) 50. (26) Lan. Aw meydc sur ut thirn lalTen, Scholes Tim 
Gamivattle (1857) 4. (27) Nhb. Thor as like as two peas, Pease 
Marho' Deil {iSg^) 37; Nhb.', w.Yks. (J.W.) 

II. Dial. uses. 1. Used instead of he ' or ' she ' when 
the speaker does not wish to make known the sex of the 
person spoken of Sc. (W.A.C.), n.Cy., Yks. (J.W.) 

2. Used as an iiidrf. pron. : one. 

Gall. (A.W.). w.Yks., Midi. (J.W.) s.Chs.' Excludes the speaker 
e.xcept when representing 'annybody' [used previously in the sen- 
tence]. ' They sen 'at hai owd Fakcner's jed in Ameriky,' 67 ; 
*Ann3'body mid see as they'd noo business theer,'/6. n.Lin.' When 
I fo'st got it thaay could n't tell what it was maade on fer dirt. 
w.Som. * Dhai du zai.* * Dhai bee gee't^en vaawur-n ziks vur 
baa'riee,' means that 45. 6rf. per bushel is the market price for 
barley, Elworthy Gram. (1877) 38; 'Dhai' . . . excludes the 
speaker, ib. 39 ; w.Som.' Anybody widn never believe it, nif 
they didn zee it (s.v. Indefinite Pronouns). 

3. Eniphat. form of the ace. or dat. 

War. 3 Lave thay alooan. se.Wor.' That's a no good tu thay, is 
it? Glo. I don't understand anything about they, Gissing Vilt. 
Hampden {iZgo)\.\v. Brks.' Ess. I gave they to she (W.W.S.). 
Sur. It 'ud be a sight better if he kept they to hissen, Bickley 
Sur. Hills (1890) I. i. Sur., Hmp. She's uncommon fond o' they, 
N. &^ Q. (1878) 5th S. X. 222. Wil. To thay I zed, Have ye zee'd 
he as my zowl do love? Kite Stig. Sol. (i860) iii. 3. Dor. Leave 
they to t'other place — not she! Hare Dinah Kellow (1901) 23; 
N. (y O. ib. Dev. As if hur was too proud tu ztap and look at tha 
likes ov thay, Burnett Stable Bq>'(i888) viii. Cor. The cookin 
all left to they? Penberthy Warp and Woof, 37. 

4. dent. pron. Those ; such-like. 

Suf. Under they she hid herself, FisoN Merry Siif. (1899) 31. 
w.Som. In cases where ' those ' forms the antecedent to a relative 
we always say ' dhai.' ' Dhai dhut diied ut ul ae'u tu paay vaur 
ut. ' Dhur-z dhai kun tuul ee au'l- ubaewd ut,' Elworthy Gram 
(1877') 32. Dev. Ben Lupin be one o' they that things fall to, 
Zack While Cotlag'^ (19011 13; The devil damn they that keeps 
me here, Norway Parson Peter (1900) io8. Cor. The gentry and 
they, Daniel Bride of Scio (1842) 227. 

5. Phr. they there, those. 

w.Som.' They things be dearer'n they there. Dhai'zh yuur 
aa'plz bee duubl zu geo'd-z dhai dhae-ur [These apples are double 
as good as those\ 

6. dent. adj. Those. 

Rut.' They boys ! War.* Call they dogs in, Introd. 15 ; War.^ 
Shr.' They pasen, 50. s.Oxf. Scarin' they rewks, Rosemary 
Chilterns (1895) 52. Brks. Thaay stwuns that built, Hughes 
Scuur. W. Horse (1859) vii ; Brks.' Sur. They rooks as you see 
on barson's place, Jennings Field Paths (1884) 37 ; Sur.' She 
doesn't give much milk out of they quarters. Hmp. ' Did you 
shake the mats, Tom?' 'They three I did, miss' (W.M.E.F.); 
Hmp.' Drive they cows out of that field. n.Hmp. ( E.H.R. ) Dor. 
There be a tidy few o' they flints. Hare Dinah Kellow (1901) 13. 
w.Som.' Dhai' yuung peg'z mus bee u-teokt ee'n. Dev. Bagger 
they pixies, if they bant at they colts again ! Hewett Peas. Sp. 
(1892) Pref. 10. n.Dev. If I didn't reckon to have hidden they 
boots safe from me in the stick-rick, Zack Dunstable Weir {igoi) 
65 nw.Dev.' Cor.^ Bring they three. 

7. Phr. they there, those. 

Ken. Look at they there birds (G.B ). w.Som. Used of things 
absent. ' V-ee zoa'ld dhai dhae'ur buul'iks ? * . . . referring to some 
that had been previously spoken o'' but not now present, Elworthy 
Gram, (1877) 31. Dev.^ Gie me thev-there butes. nw.Dev.' 

THEY, see Thee, pcrs. pron Their, Thou, Thy. 

THEYE, see Thee, sb. 

THEYSELVES, rcfl. pron. Nrf Dor. Dev. Amer. 
Also in forms theysel Nrf. ; theysell Dor. Dev. Them- 

Nrf. Those gents expect you to keep as clean as theysels, 
Emerson Lagoons (ed. 1896) 256. Dor. Passon didn' like for 
they to be locked in by theysells, Hare Dinah Kelloiv (1901) 255. 
Dev, They mid talk an' talk theysells hoarse, Longman's Mag. 
(Dec. 1896) 154. [Amer. They're pretty peart at the game 
theyselvcs, Cent. Mag. (Apr. 1882) 892.] 

THEY SEN, ;-^y?./»-o«. Sur. Themselves. 

Afore I'd take an' ask they as lianna eiiou' for Iheysen. Bickley 
Sur. Hills (1890) I. i. 

THI, see Thee, pers. pron.. Thy. 

THIBLE, sb. and v. n.Cv. Nhb. Lakcl. Yks. Lan. 
Also written thybel Nhb.' Wni. ; thyble Lan.; and in 
forms thibble N.Cy.* s.Lan.'; thibbo s.Lan.'; thorble, 
thribble w.Yks. ; thwibble w.Yks.* [J)aibl ; })ibl.] 




1. sb. A smooth stick or spatula, used for stirring broth, 
porridge, iX:c. See Thavvel, Thivel. 

N.Cy.'^ Nhb.' A round stick, usually of willow, peeled or 
barked ; about fifteen inches lung: and three-quarters uf an inch 
in diameter ; used to stir porridge. Lakel.^ Wm. They gav 
him a wooden sword, I thout it wur liker a girt thiblc, Wheeler 
Dial, {i-jgo) 9.(1 (J.M.) n.Vks.^ vi. Yka. I/l/.\: Couiier (July 3, 
lagv); (S.P.U.); w.Yks.'^a* Lan. I've a new thyble for yo, 
Waugh Heather (ed. Miluei) II. 239; Lan.', n.Lan.', ne.Lan.', 
e.Lan.' (s.v. Slice", s.Lan.' 

Hence (i) lean ticking of thihles, pbr. poverty, penury, 
a state verging on starvation ; (2) Toniiny-Thibel, sh. a 
name given to the first finger. Also called Lick-pot. 

(i) w.Yks. They've hcd nowt comin' in this nine weeks so there 
'11 be lean lickin' o' thibles theare (S.K.C.). (2) w.Yks.» 

2. Obs. A dibble or setting-stick. n.Cy. (K.); Bailey 
(1721); N.Cy.* 3. V. To stir porridge, &c. with a'thibel ' 
or stirring-rod. 

Wm. To brew his aan coffee, to thybel his poddish, Bowness 

THICCA, THICCY, see Thic(k. 

THICCY, int. Wm. Der. Also written thikki Der. 
[?Siki.] An exclamation used to call attention to anything, 
' there.' Cf. thaykety. 

Wm. See, Ihiccy — his work, Ollivant Owd Bob (1898) 173. 
Der. ' Thikki, you'll catch it I ' Common, especially amongst children, 
Addy Gl. (1891). 

THIC(K, dent, pron., dent. adj. and adv. Irel. VVor. Hrf. 
Pem. Glo. Brks. Hmp. I.W. Wil. Dor. Som. Dev. Cor. 
Also written thik Hmp.' Wil. Dor. Som.; and in forms 
dhicka, dhicke, dicka, dicke Wxf.' ; dik Dor.' ; thee 
I.W. Dev.' ; thecca Dev.' ; theck I.W.' Cor. ; thecka, 
theckee w.Cy. ; thecky Som. Cor. ; theggy Dev. ; thek 
w.Cj'. Dev.; thekka Cor."" ; thekky Dev. Cor.'; thicca 
Dev.' ; thiccy w.Cy. Dev. ; thicka s.Dev. ; thickee Dev. 
Cor.' ; thicker Dev. ; thickey Dev.'' ; thicky w.Som.' 
nw.Dev.' Cor.' ; thike Pem. ; thikkeDev. ; thikkyCor.*; 
thiky Som. ; thoc Wil.' ; thock Glo. ; thuc Glo. Wil. ; 
thuccy Dev.; thuck Wor. Glo.' Hmp." Wil.' Brks.; 
thuckee Cor.* ; thucker nw.Dev.'; thuk Hmp.' L^ik; 
tSek, t$Bk.] 1. dent. pron. This, that; this one, that one. 
Cf. thac(k. 

Wxf.', Hrf.', B.Pem. (W.M.M.) Glo. Horae Subsecivae (1777) 
5; Glo.'* Hmp.' Thic, Thik, this. Never used for ' that ' in North 
Hants. Thuck, Thuk, that. I.W. (Hall.); I W.' Theck, that; 
thick, this. w.Cy. Grose (1790). V/il. Brition Beauties {182$); 
Wil.' Thuck always = that, but is mainly a N. Wilts form, its 
place in S. Wilts being usually taken by Thick. Thic or Thick 
often = this in N.Wilts, but far more frequently = that, —in fact, 
the latter may probably now be taken as its normal meaning, 
although it would appear to have been otherwise formerly. In 
Cunnington MS., for instance, it is stated that ' The old terms liiic 
and llioc almost constantly exclude the expressions This and That ' 
(s.v. Pronouns^ n.Wil. Thuck'sourfeythor's, Jeffekies Gt. Estate 
(1880) ix.' Dor. (C.V.G.) ; The demonstrative pronouns for the 
personal class [of formed individual things, as. a man, a tree, a tool] 
are ' thease ' and ' thik.' . . ■ Thik cheese,' Barnes Siig. Sol. ( 1859) 
A'o/M,iii; 16. G/. (1863 21. n.Dor. (S.S.B.) Som. Thic, That, and 
Tother (F.A.A.) ; West of the Parret thecky, Jennings Dial. 
w.Eng.(\S6g). e.Som.W.&J.CT. (1873). w.Som. When... 'dhik' 
or ' dhaat' are used alone the distinction between the kind of thing 
referred to is still carefully maintained. Of a knifeitwouldbesaid... 
'Dhik6e-z muyn.' . . But when the noun, whatever be its quality 
or number, has been already mentioned, or is to be mentioned in 
the same sentence, it is referred to by the neuter or indefinite form 
of thcdemonstrative 'dhaat,' ' dhis," and not ' dhik,' Elworthy Gram. 
(1877) 32. Dev. What dee cal thic ahead ! N. Hogg Poet. Lett. 
(ed. 1858) ist S. 19; Thuccy were Miss Toney's, 0'Nr.n.L Idyls 
(1892) 87 ; Dev.' A . . . takesup the tea-pot and stram-bang thecca 
go'th out of the winda, 4 ; Dev.^ n.Dev. Britting o' thick an crazing 
thack, Rock Jim an' Nell (1867! st. 7. nw.Dev.' Used as often as 
Thick or Thicky. s.Dev. Fox Kiiigsbrii/ge ( 1874). Cor. We must 
be braave and theck, Jimmy Trehilcock [1863) 6; That's thecky 
weth the rings, Daniel Bm/^.7, 24 ; Cor.'; Cor.* 'Thickee and 
thuckec,' this and that. 

2. Phr. (i) l/iid- here, this, this one; (2) — (here, (3) — 
there there, that, that one. 

(l) Wil. I'o borrow a neighbour's tub to save thick ere in the 

pantry, Penrudoocke Content (i860) 17 ; Wil.' In ' thick here' 
. . . the use of the adverb defines the meaning more precisely 
(s.v. Pronouns). (2) Glo. Th' owld wimin couldn't git arf so 
much o' thuc thur in to 'urn, Buckhan Darke's Sojourn (1890) vi. 
Wil. Slow Gt. (1892' ; (K.M.G.) ; Wil.' The use of the adveib 
defines the meaning more precisely (s.v. Pronouns'. e.Sora. 
W. & J. Gl. (1873 . Dev. I say thiccy there is the gown that 
missus wore, O'Neill /rfv/s( 1892; 87. Cor.* (3 w.Som.' Mine's 
a rare knivc, but I widn gie much vor thick there there (s.v. There). 
e.Dev. When the Devonshire man directs attention to two objects, 
for example, he points to one of them as ' thick there there,' and 
to the other as ' thease here here," PulmanSx^. Sol. (i860) Notes, 3. 

3. dent. adj. This, that. See Thease. 

Wxf.' ' Dhicka poake.' ' Na dicke wye, nar dicka.' Wor. (K.) 
Hrf. The vook may laugh at thick news, Ellis Prominc. (1889) V. 
69. s.Pem. Look ye at thike thing (W.M.M. ). Glo. We brought 
un thuc gurt blue stone to try \vi', Buckman Darke's Sojourn 
(1890) 167. Brks. Kot I out o' all thuck caddie, Hughes 5fOHf. 
White Horse (1859) vi. w.Cy. Thiccy work be turr'blc dry and on- 
promisin', Globe (Feb. 23, 1895I. Wil. He can't stroddlc thuck 
puddle, jEFFERiEs//o(/f<^ , 1880) I. 335; Ta zee thick two together, 
Slow Rhymes {i8io) 6. Dor. A small brass dog, found in a barrow 
and now in the County Museum at Dorchester, was nailed up over 
the door of a sick man, whose mother believed that ' thic brass 
dog 'ud do him a powero' good ' (J.B. P.) ; Goo under thik tree, an' 
zit on that grass, Barnes Gl. (1863) 21. Som. Tes no good to 
come wi' thik tale, Raymond Love and Quiet Life (1894) 47. 
w.Som. Ail articles or things of specific shape or purpose which 
can be individualized by prefixing a or an, as a cloth, a tree, . . 
may be classed as definite nouns having their own demonstratives 
. . . dheeuz, . . dhik, or dhik ee, Elworthy Gram. (1877)39; 
' Dhik ' or 'dhikee ' corresponds almost precisely to Latin iste. . . 
' Lat dim kaa*fmdur puut dhik stae'iil een*tu dhik ee dhae'ur maup' 
[Let the carpenter put that handle into that (yonder) mop], I'A. 
31 ; w.Som.' Dev. Why, thek blamed sheep o' mine waunt 
stop nowhere, Fit-Lore Jrn. (1883) I. 334 ; They've a-zot upon 
thicker poar blid that was a-drownded, Hewett Pens. S/. ! 1892) 
19 ; Dev.' Cor. Now thecky night I cudden blink my eyes, 
Daniel Portfolio in Pencelly Verbal Pron. (1875) 153 ; Cor.* 

4. These, those. 

Wor. Thuck things {K.\ Dev. N. (y Q. (1859) 5th S. xi. 6. 

5. Phr. (i) thick here, this ; (2) — there, {a) that ; (6) those. 
(i) Wil. Why John be so certain about thick e'er thing, Ellis 

Pronunc. (1889) V. 44. Dor. Do 'ce think as I be a-comed to 
thik here shameful work o' my own choosing, lass 1 Hare Dinah 
Kellow (1901) II. e.Dev. The lordship, against who thic here 
caucus is founded, Jane Lordship (1897) 53. \s, a) I.W.' Come 
tell me, I proy, About theck there rooap. 54. w.Cy. Who lives in 
thic thur house now, down agen th' old tree stump ? Cornh. Mag. 
(Dec. 1895) 601. Dor. He wer twice too wide Vor thik there 
door, Barnes Poems (1869-70) 138. w.Dor. Rat thick there 
cheeld ! Roberts Hist. Lyme Regis (1834'. Som. ^W.F.R.) ; 
Spooase yo wanted thic ther sammon vor ta grow, Agrikler 
Rhymes {i8-]2) loi. w.Som. ' Dhik dhacur' or 'dhikee dhaeilr' 
[corresponds] to Latin ille. ' Lat dhu k,-ia fmdur puut dhik 
staeul een-tu dhikee dhaeCir maup,' Elworthy G/ri/ii. 1877) 31. 
Dev. Thickee there bwoy's 'nulT til drave me mazed ! Hewett 
Peas. Sp. (1892) : Wat mort'l changes Hath occur'd in thic thare 
time, N. Hogg Poet. Lett. (ed. 1866) 3. (A) Dev. N. &> Q. (1879) 
5th S. xi. 6, 116. 

6. adv. So. 

n.Dev. He hurried along thic fast I thought he must be wonder- 
ful set on zecing the maid, Zack Dunstable li'eir (1901'! 237. 

Hence (i) thikketheor aways, phr., (2) Thuck-wise, adv. 
thus, so. 

(i) Dev. When young gentlemen do overlook young ladies, 
tain't thikketheor aways, I knoo, Kingsley ff '<'s/a'<Jr<///o (1855) 
50, ed. 1889. (2) Wor. [K.) 

[3. Sin thilkedjiy that they were children lyte, Chaucer 
C. T. A. 1 193. OE. /'ylc, such.] 

THICK, adj, adv., sl>. and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. 
Eng. and Amcr. Also in forms theck n.Dev.; thik Chs. ; 
tic(k Sh.I. [pik..] 1. adj and adv. In cowi. (i) Thick- 
bill, the bullfinch, Pyrrhiila Eiirupaea ; (2) —dicks, thick 
porridge ; (3) — end, the greater part, the majority or most 
part; (4) -hots, porridge made of water and oatmeal; (5) 
•knee, the great plover, Oedicneniits scolopa.v ; (6) -lifted, 
short-winded, wheezy, breathing with difficulty ; (7) 
-listed, (<i) sec (6) ; (0) dull, stupid ; (8) -milk, hot milk 




thickened with flour, and then sweetened ; (9) -neck, a 
false growth in corn ; the growing of several stalks 
together; (10) -pelted, thick-skinned; (11) -podditch or 
-porridge, oatmeal porridge ; (12) -set, thick cloth ; pi. 
a suit of clothes made of strong thick cloth ; (13) -set 
wheat, see below ; (14) -spinning, Jig. bad conduct ; (15) 
■thumbed, sluttish, untidy ; clumsj' ; (16) -tollols, a jocu- 
lar name for oatmeal porridge ; (17) -wet, of clothes : 
saturated with water; (18) -winded, bad at breathing, 

(i) Lan. SwAiNSON Birds (1885') 67. (2~l n.Lan.' (3) e.Yks.' 
The thick end of a job of work, MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. We've 
waited for the'y cumin heame T'thick end ov hofe an hooer, 
Blackah Pofms (1867) 241. Stf., Der. Host part (J.K.). n.Lin.i 
I've gotten th' thick end o' th' job finished \vi'. Thick end o' last 
week we got noht dun, i' a waay o' speakin'. sw.Lin.' It's the 
thick-end of a mile. They've gotten the thick-end of their 
harvest. (4) n.Cy. (Hall.),' w.Yks. • (5) Oxf. Aplin Birds 
(1889) 142. Sur. That small representative of the noble bustard 
. . . the thicknee or great plover. Son of Marshes On Sur. Hills 
(1891) 68. s.Sas. The stone-curlew, or thick-knee, sometimes 
called Norfolk plover, Longman's Mag. fAug. 1902) 356. (6) 
w.Som.' Poor old fuller, he's a-come terr'ble thick lifted, sure 
'nough. n.Dev. In a tingling vrost than tha art theck-lifted, Scold. (1746) I. 126. (7, «) w.Cy. Grose (1790). Dev.' 
(6) Dev. Horae Stibsecivae (1777) 255. (8) Don. Norah . . . put 
down also the tail of a herring and a bowl ofthick-milk, Harper's 
Mag. (Oct. 1900) 795. Oxf.> MS. add. Brks.' Milk boiled and 
thickened with flour and sweetened with sugar or treacle. 
ne.Ken. (H.M.), Sus.' (9) Lan.' (10) nw.Dev.' Thuze sheep be 
thick-pilted toads; there's no proof in 'em [they will not fatten 
easily]. (11) ne Lan.^, s.Lan.', nw.Der.' 12) Sc. Our landlord 
wore ... a pair of bran new velveteens, instead of his ancient 
thicksets, Scott Bride 0/ Lam. (1819) i. Ayr. His breeches, of 
olive thickset, were carefully preserved from stains, Galt Sir A. 
Wylie (1822) i. (13) Bdf. Velvet-cased wheat, which is called in 
this county white-chapped led wheat, and thick-set wheat, 
Batchelor Agric. (1813) 362. (14) n.Cy. (Hall.) w.Yks.' 
What I guess thou's turn'd off for thick spinnin. (15) Ken.''' 
(16) s.Lan.' Chs. A gret big fat butcher, now wi' thiktollols fed, 
Chs. N. &'Q. {tiov. iZ&i)l.iSz- (17) n.Lin.' (18) ne.Lan.' 

2. Phr. (i) the thicker skin holds the longer out, see below ; 

(2) thick and threefold, strongly ; {3) — in the clear, see 
below ; (4) — of speech, indistinct ; (5) to bite a bit quicker 
and run a bit thicker, see below. 

(i) Cum.' In law contests a common saying is, ' T'thicker skin 
hod t'langer oot ' — implying that the heaviest purse will win the 
suit ; Cum." (2) w.Yks.^ Shoo gav it me thick-and-threefold. 

(3) Nhp.i An expression commonly used when any one who is 
hoarse and husky from a cold is attempting to clear his voice. 
' Why, you are thick in the clear.' (4) w.Som.* (5) n.Lin.' 
' Thaay'U bite a bit quicker an' run a bit thicker,' said of well-bred 
sheep in contrast with those of base pedigree, and meaning that 
the well-born ones will eat a little more, and that the same land 
will be able to sustain a greater number. 

3. Short, squat, thick-set. 

Sc. (G.W.) Fif. Thick Jamie Bud, lang Sandy Kay, Tennant 
Papistry '1'827) 69. 

4. Of the weather: cloudy, misty, foggy. 

Sc. (A.W.) Sh.I. Hit wis i' da hOmmin, an' da lift wis tick, S/i. 
iV«fS(Aug.3i, igoiV w.Yks. fJ.W.; n.Lin.'Athick day is a foggy 
day. w.Som.' Thickwet, a dense mist. ' "Twas a proper thick wet, 
youcould-nzee not a gunshot.' Dev.Ineverzeed it so thick afore or 
zince, Mortimer IV. Moors (1895) 290. 

Hence (i) Thickness, sb. fog, mist; (2) Thick-set, ad/. 
cloudy or set in for rain. 

(i) Sli.I. We didna ken him i' da tikness, S/i. News (Sept. 17, 
1898). (2) n.Yks.2 

5. Stupid, dull, slow of comprehension. Also used rtrfz/i. 
and in phr. thick in the head. 

Cai. I was aye thick in the heid, ^ULehha}! Peas. Life (1871) I. 
108. Frf. I'm thicker i' the heid than I gie mysel' creydit for, 
Mackenzie N. Pme (1897) 145. Cum. (M.P.) w.Yks. Talking 
thick is to talk without reason, Hamilton Niigae Lit. (1841) 356. 
ne.Lan.' s.Not. He's very thick of hearing and very thick of 
understanding too (J.P.K.;. Oxf. (G.O.), Brks.'. Hmp.' 

6. Partially deaf, esp. in phr. thick of hearing. 

Cum.'", n.Yks.", e.Yks.' m.Yks.' A more usiial though less 
gainly expression is 'thick i' t'lug.' w.Yks.^, s.Not. fJ.P.K.\ 

Lin.', Lei.', War. 3, s.Wor. (H.K.) Sus.> Speak a little louder, 
sir, I'm rather thick of hearing. w.Som.' Cor, Doubtless I may 
be thick o' hearin, ' Q.' Three Ships (ed. 1892) 97. 

7. Numerous, plentiful ; frequent, in quick succession. 
Also used advb. 

Gall. As bairns turned thick and thicker, A' her beauties 
changed their hue, Nicholson Poet. IVts. (1814) 116, ed. 1897; 
Thick, sma' rain — description of much Gall, weather (J.M.). 
N.I.' n.Cy. Grose (1790)^/5. (/(/(/.(P.) w.Yks.(J.W.) s.Lan.' 
Hoo's had childer very thick-on. They're very thick uppo' th' sod. 
nw.Der.i s.Wor. Mine is a good summer-house, the doors be so 
thick, PoRSON Quaint IVds. (1875) 3'- se.Wor.' Thick on the 
grounds crowded. Hrf. Bound Provinc. (1876). Dor.' The 
leazers thick da stoop to pick the ears, 158. Cor.^ 

Hence phr. (i) thick and threefold, (2) thicker and faster, 
in great numbers or quantity ; thickly, with little inter- 

(I) Sc. Ills come thick and three-fauld on him (Jam.). Lnk. 
Thick-an'-threefauld in the trance Bright forms strain'dto be near 
The glowing hearth. Miller Willie IVinkie (ed. 1902) 41. n.Yks.^ 
Flocking in thick and threefold. Lan.' They'd nobbut been 
married abeawt three months when trouble begun o' comin' on 
'em thick an'-threefold. e.Lan.', s.Lan.' Ctis.' He's a bonny lot 
o' childer i' this short time; tliey'n com'n thick an' three-fowd. 
s.Chs.' The bills come droppin' in thick an' three-fowld. (2) 

8. Thorough, complete, downright. 

w.Yks. I've niver known him tell so thick a lee afore, Sutcliffe 
Shameless IVayne (igoo) 245. 

9. Friendly, intimate, on very familiar or ititimate terms. 
In gen. coiloq. use. 

Sc. (A.W.) Sli.I. Dey wir very tic. Burgess Sketches {2nd ed.) 
72. Frf. Sae thick an' pack wi' yon sour-mou'd whaup, Lowson 
Guidfollow (1890) 34. Ayr. They were fain o' ither. An' unco pack 
an' thick thegither, Burns Tica Dogs (1786) 1. 37-8. Lth. He's 
fast an' thick wi' Hootsman, Luhsden Sheep-head (18^2) 293. Ir. 
Himself and Alec Hardwick always being so thick. Bodkin 
Shillelagh (1902) 102. N.I.' Nhb. Him an' Charlie wes the 
thickest o' marrers tegither. Pease Maik o' Deil (1894) 19. Cum.* 
Wm. They wer sea thick, her an t'lile jack ass. Spec. Dial. (1885) 
pt. iii. 39. n. Yks.' 24, m.Yks.', w.Yks.'s Lan. Thee and me has 
allis been thick, Ackworth Clog Shop Chron. (1896) 227; Lan.', 
e.Lan.i, s.Lan.', Chs.'^, Der.2, nw.Der.', Not.', n.Lin.', se.Lin. 
(J.T.B.), sw.Lin.', Lei.', War.^^, w.Wor.' Hrf. Bound Provinc. 
(1876). Oxf.i MS. add., Brks.i Bdf. Batchelor Anal Eiig. 
Lang. (1809) 146. e.An.'^ Nrf. Emerson Son nf Fens (1892) 
190. Hnip.' Dor. Him and me's very thick, Francis Pastorals 
(1901) 200. w.Som.' e.Dev. That mighty kewer, but rich 
gentleman, Mr. Bolde, was thick in withyoung Mohun, Jane Ever 
Mohiin (1901) 230. [Amer. There's others that I should rather 
have Ellen thick with. Harper s Mag. (June 1901) 73.] 

Hence Thickness, sb. familiarity, intimacy, friendliness. 

Lnk. Willie and his father-in-law to be were now, in a manner, 
scunnersome wi' their thickness, Roy Generalship (ed. 1895) 171. 

10. Phr. (x) ffs thick as bees, (2) — as blackberries, (3) — as 
crowdy, (4) — as Darby and Joan, (5) — as Dick and Leddy, 
(6) — as Harry and Mary, (7) — as herrings in a barrel, 
(8) — as inkle-ivcavers or -makers, (9) — as thack, (10) — as 
thick, (11) — as thieves, (12) — as three in a bed, (13) — as 
tivo dogs' heads, (14) — as two in a bed, very friendly and 
intimate ; on exceedingly good terms ; (15J to make thick 
with, to ingratiate oneself with. 

(i) Brks. You an' she were as thick as bees, Hayden Thatched 
Cottage (1902) 142. (2) Ir. I thought j'ou an' he were as thick as 
blackberries before you went away, M^Nulty Misthcr O'Ryan 
(1894) iii. (3) Ags. In the company o' twa derf lookin' English 
chiclds as thick wi' them as crowdy, Reid Howetoon, 95. (4^ Lan. 
Hoo an' it's as thick as Darby an' Jooan, Bowker Tales (1882) 
172. (5) w.Yks. .-^s thick as Dick an' Leddy (J.R.). ((>) w.Cor. 
They used not to speak ; but now they are ' as thick as Harry and 
Mary'(M.A.C.). 1,7) Uls. i,M.B.-S.) (8) Ayr.Confabbin'thegither 
as thick as inkle weavers. Service Notandums (i8go) 74. Dur.' 
Cum.^Stumptawaytogidder as thick as inkle weavers, 15. n.Yks.', 
e.Yks.', w.Yks.' Lan. They'n be as thick as iiiklewayvers, 
Bhierley Marlocks ;i866) vii. s.Lan.'4, Chs.*, Der.^, nw.Der.', 
n.Lin.' Dor. Barnes G/. (1863). Dev. Adam, you and Miss Deller 
ought to be as thick as inkle-makers ! Stooke Not E.vactly, vii. (9) 
w.Yks. Prov. in Brighouse News (Aug. 10, 1889) ; w.Yks.', n.Lin.' 
(iq) w.Yks. (J.W.) I. Ma. All the lot as thick as thick. Brown 
Doctor (1887) 13. Midi. Carter were as thick wi' Rollins as thick 




could be, BARTRA5if<o//<-o/C/o^/oii( 1897)62. (u)Sc.(A.W.) Gall. 
Ckockett Slickil Mill. ( 1 893 "i 28. Ir. Your swcclhciil an' her sweet- 
heart, thick as two thieves. Barlow /Jog'/a«rf (1892) 123, cd. 1893. 
Dur. Thick as thieves were the two of them, Guthrie Kitty Fii^iiit 
( 1900 < 156. s.Lan.>,Not.(J.H.B.), War.=, e.An.2 Dev. She an'Bill 
got so thick as thieves afore the picter was out o' hand, Black niiil 
/K/ii/<'i June 27, 1896; 824. I i2)Uls. ,M.B.-S.\n.Lin.',0xf.M/5.(i<W. 
(13) Nlib. It wasna you nor her jauntin' off to Brantham as thick 
as two doqs' heads, Graham Red Scaur (18961 262. (14) Der.^ 
(15-, CId. Jam.) 

11. In love ; criminally familiar or intimate, esp. in phr. 
over or luo thick. 

Sc. She had fa'en a wee ower thick wi' a cousin o' her ain, 
ScoTT Aiiti<iuciry ^ 1816) x.-civ ; (Jam.) Frf. As the weeks flew by, 
Jamie and Miss Smith grew thicker, Willock A'o.^f//v£'«(/i- (1886) 
60, ed. 1889. Edb. She's ower thick wi' the Auld Arte, Beatty 
Sff«/<i<(i897)a49. Lakel.'' Wm. 'Liggintagiddurwill makswines 
thick,' common saying (B. K.). n.Yks. T'lalk that cam oop aboot 
mah bein thick wi' her, wur set allooat by sum gooid-for-nowts, 
FETHERST0NS'"K^^ms/<f"i.4i. w.Yks.' n.Liii.' Persons are said 
to be 'oher thick wi' one anuthcr' who carry on an intrigue. 

12. sb. Phr. (i) the thick of the Ihiaii^, the midst of the 
bustle or crowd ; the busiest part or tune ; (2) — on it, the 
major or principal part; (3) to have neither thick nor thin 
in the house, to have neither meat nor drink. 

(I) Cum.''', n.Yks.=, w.Yks. (J.W. 1 (2) Cum.' She browt a heap 
o' kelter an' t thick on't o' hard gold ; Cum.* (3; w.Yks.' 

13. Obs. A crowd ; a mass of people. 

Edb. My uncle . . . keeping well among tlie thick, to he as little 
kenspeckle as possible, MoiR Maitsie ll'aucli (1828) ii. 

14. pi. Groves and woods with thick, close underwood ; 
thickets. Suf (Hall.), Suf.' A rag-trade term : 
a linsey in which the weft is made of cotton and wool, but 
in which the cotton preponderates. w.Yks. (M.F.J 

16. V. To thicken. 

m.Yks.' He begins to thick i' t'lug a bit [to grow deaf]. w.Yks. ^^ 
T'day's thicking [getting cloudy]. 

Hence Thicked-niilk, sb. milk thickened with flour and 
boiled. Dor.' 

THICK. THICKA, see Theak, v.\ Thic(k. 

THICKEDNESS, sb. Glo. [hikidnas.J Thickness. 
(W.H.C.), Glo.> 

THICKEE, see Thic(k. 

THICKENING-STUFF,, <;6. s.Lan.' Victualsofanykind. 

THICKENS, sb. pi. Yks. Also written thickans. 
[I'ikanz.] Oatmeal porridge ; lit. 'thick ones.' 

w.Yks. Thickans swectand we trakle to their breikfast, Tom 
Treddlehoyle Matty A/iiffiiitloii/ (^1843) 36; Let thi thickens keel, 
Leeds Merc. Siippt. (Jan. 3, 1891) ; w.Yks.^ 

THICKER, see Thic(k. 

THICKET, sb. Dev. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] ? A faggot. 

n.Dev. Yen thick auther thicket, Rock Jim an' Nell (1867) st. 9. 

Thicik, Thixle. 

THICKUMY, de/n. pion. Som. Also in form thick- 
eniny. [tSikami.] That ; also in comp. Thickuniy-there. 
(W.F.R,) ; W. & J. Gl. (1873) ; (H.^LL.) 

"THICKUN, dim. pron. Hrf. Glo. Wil. Som. Also 
written thicken Wil. ; thick'iin,thicun Glo. ; and in forms 
thuck'un, thucun Glo. [Si'kan,] This one, that one. 

Hrf.'* Glo. Tliick 'un hut tliuck 'un and not thuck 'un hut thick 
'un, Lysons Vulgar 7u«^?»e (1868) 46; Thicun = this one, Thucun 
= that one (H.S.H.); Glo,' Wil. Penruddocke Coiilciil (i860) 
Iiitrod. 3. Som. (W.F.R,) 

THICKY-DUDDLE,56. Dor. Flour and water. Barnes 
CI. (18631 (s.v. Duddles). 

THICUN, see Thickun. 

THIEF, sb. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Ircl. and Eng. Also 
written theef Dmb. ; and in forms thieve- Dmb. ; tief 
Or.I. [|ilf.] 1. In comb, (i) Thief-animal, a term of 
opprobrium for a thievish person ; (2) -club, an associa- 
tion for the prosecution of thieves ; (3) -handsel, see 
below ; (4) -like, (n) having the appearance of a blackguard ; 
(b) plain, ugly; hardlooking ; also used in conipar.; see 
below; (c) applied to dress: unbecoming, not handsome; 
(5) -loon, (6J -riever, a thief, thievish rascal ; (7) -thruni'd, 


made of stolen 'thrums'; (8) Thieves'-hole, obs., a gaol, 
prison; esp.a particularly bad dungeon reserved for thieves. 
' I Frf. I was michtilics beguiled i' the buyin' u't by that thief- 
animal. Ratty Mairtin. Mackenzie N. Pine (1897) 376. (a) Wm. 
The members of the thief club, as they arc commonly called , should 
all pay in proportion to the property they wish to protect, Lons- 
dale Mag. II. 177. (3) n.Yks.^'That new house has had thief- 
handsel,' something stolen from it in the first instance; a bad 
omen for the future luck of the house. (4, a) Sc. If ye binna 
thief, binna thief-like, Prov. (Jam.) (4) li. The thieferlike the 
better soldier. Ye're like the swine, the aulder ye grow, ye're 
ay the thiefer-like. (c) ib. That's a thief like mutch ye've on. 
(5) Dmf. My stomach fair rebounds at the thought of thae thief. 
loons gawping up Buccleuch's mutton, Hamilton Mawkin V1898) 
213. (6) Dmf. We tynt the hogs, but we got the thief rievers fast 
enough, ib. 273. (7,1 Dmb. Thieve-thrum'd waft can mak' but 
rotten harn, Salmon Gouodenn (1868) 100. (8) Sc. Put the poor 
man in arms, and l.iy him in the dungeon called the Theeves' 
Hole, KiRKTON Cli. Hist. (1817) 209. SIg. He . . . allowed them 
to try him with their thieves hole or axe, Bruce Sermons (1631 , 
129, ed. 1843. Ga"- Instantly thrust into the thieveshole, as 
the greatest malefactors, Gallovidian (1901 1 III. 57. 

2. Phr. (i) as fast as a thief in a mill, prov., quite safe, 
with no means of escape ; see below; (2) a thief s bargain, 
a very cheap bargain, such a bargain as a thief makes 
with a receiver of stolen goods; (3) he's such an old thief, 
he'd rob Jesus Christ of his shoe-strings, said of a notorious 
thief; (4) the black thief, (5) the old thief, (6) the thief of the 
world, the devil ; (7) the thief and reaver bell, see below ; 
(8) thief take you , an imprecation or oath : the devil take you. 

(1) e.Yks. The mill referred to would be one of the old wooden 
windmills, built on posts, with only one way of ingress and 
egress, and which could easily be surrounded, thus giving no 
chance of escape to the thief therein, Nicholso.n Flk. Sp. (1889) 
18. ne.Lan.', nw.Der.' (2) e.Sc. Ou, ay, ye may weel glower, 
it's a thief's bargain an' nae mistake, Strain Elinslie's Drag-net 
(1900) 249. (3) War.2 (4) Or.I. The devil [is called] da Auld 
Chield,da Sorrow, da ill-healt, or da black tief, Fercusson Rambles 
(1884 I 166. (^) Lnk. The pair [Adam and Eve] gat a la' — Foul la' 
the Auld Thief for that sinning o't 1 Rodger PofHis( 1838) ioi,ed. 
1897. (6; Ker. May the thief o' the wurld turn it all into whishky 
an' be choked wid it ! Bartram U'Inlihcadtd Boy {iBgQ 84. (7) 
N.Cy.' Nhb. ' At the time of sounding the curfew on the evening 
of the day on which each fair was proclaimed, the great bell of 
St. Nicholas was rung, and called by the common people the 'thief 
and reaver bell.' It was meant as announcing that the fair had 
begun, all people might freely enter the town and resort to it, no 
process being issued from the mayor's or sheriff's courts without 
athdavits being made that the party could not at other times be 
taken, Richardson Newc. Municip. Aats. 90. (8) Lnk. Ye maun 
gar Kate tak me, or thief tak you a' thegither, Graham ll'iitings 
(1883) II- 56- 

3. A term of contempt or vituperation usedwith no implica- 
tion of dishonesty; a rascal, scamp. Also applied to things. 

Sc. She's an ill-laur'd thief (Jam.). Fif. Mak the thief wallop 
out o' sicht, Tennant >'n/iii/;;>' (,1827) 128. Dmb. The steem-bott 
was a dour theel, and snoor't awa and snoor't awa tho' the w'ater 
was jaupin up to the lum tap. Cross Disruption (1844) xxi.x. 

4. An imperfection in the wick of a candle which causes 
it to gutter and waste. In gen. colloq. use. 

n.Yks. (l.W.) e.Yks. Nicholson yV*. 5^ (1889) 4. w.Yks.*, 
s.Lan.', Chs.', s.Chs.', nw.Der.', War.", se.Wor.' Shr.' Look at 
the thief i' the candle, 'ow it's wasting it. Oxf.' MS. add. Brks.', 
Suf.', w.Som,', Wil. ^G.E.D.) 

5. A bramble, hawthorn, Riibusfriiticosus. 

e.Yks.' A prick of the hawthorn, briar, &c., only so called when 
catching at a passing object or puncturing the flesh, MS. add. 
(T.H.) Lei.i, War.a 

THIEFY,mi>'. Sh.I. In form tiefy. [trfi.] Thievish, 
thieving. Also used fig. stealthy, furtive. 

Hit's no da first 'at Jonathin Hughson haes gotten his tiefie 
haunds ow-er, Clark A'. Gleams v'898j 95 ; Tamy, wi' a kind o' 
tiefy luik at Sibbic, Sli. Netcs (Aug. ai, 1897). 

THIEVAL, see Thivel. 

THIEVELESS, adj. Sc. Irel. Also written theeveless 
Ayr. ; and in forms thaveless Ir. ; thiveless w.Sc. 
[I'lvUs.] 1. Listless, spiritless, wanting in energy or 
force ; aimless, ineffectual, bootless. Cf thowless. 

Sc. 'A thieveless excuse,' one that is not satisfactory (Jam., s.v. 





Thewles). Per. He had a broken-down look and appeared listless, 
or, as he himself expressed it, 'rale thieveless,' Fergusson Vill. 
Puet (iSg^) 80. w.Sc. She answered in a gay thieveless-like way, 
Carrick Laird of Logan (1835) 289. Ayr. At ilka thing I'm 
thieveless. And frae seching canna keep, W hue Jottings (i87g"> 
261. Lnk. Ye thieveless, thowless pack o' ghaistlin's, Murdoch 
Done Lyre {I8^3) 33. e.Lth. Archie Howden's but a thieveless, 
daidlin cratur, Hunter J. Inivick (1895) 45. n.Ir. 'A thaveless 
body.' ' A thaveless bit of work.' ' 1 was thaveless at her,' I 
regarded her as acting or talking foolishly, senselessly (M.B.-S.). 

Hence Thievelessly, adv. feebly, weakli', aimlessly, 
without force or energy. 

Ayr. Peter . . . gaed doitin' awa up the road, theevelessly, by 
himsel', Service A'o/nH</;(H!s (1890} 11. 
2. Cold, bleak. Also us&djig. shy, reserved ; cold, frigid 
in manner, forbidding. 

w.Sc. 'To look thieveless to one,' to give one a cold reception 
(Jam., s.v. Thewles). Rnf. ' It's a thieveless morning,' a phr. 
used by old people. ' Thieveless' is applied to weather in a sort of 
intermediate or uncertain state. Thus 'a thieveless day ' is one 
neither properl3' good or bad (ib.) ; Used to denote frigidity or 
insipidity of manner {ib,). Ayr. Wi' thieveless sneer to see his 
modish mien, Burns Brigs of Ayr (1787) 1. 89. 

THIEVELY, (7rfy. e.Yks.' [t^rvli.] Thievish, dishonest. 

THIF, V. Obs. Wxf.' To blow with wind or rain. 

THIG, V. Sc. n.Cy. Also in forms theg Abd. ; tigfg 
S. & Ork.' [I'igJ !■ To beg, borrow ; esp. to solicit 
gifts or alms on certain occasions, such as on setting up 
housekeeping, &c. 

Sc. Maun gang thigging and sorning about on their acquaintance, 
Scott Rob Roy (1817) xxvi ; At ayoung Highlander's first setting 
up for himself ... he goes about among his near relations and 
friends ; and from one he begs a cow, from another a sheep, . . 
till he has procured for himself a tolerable stock. This the^' call 
thigging, HisLOP AitccUole (1874) 99. S. & Ork.' n.Sc. One or 
more days were given to the thigging of wool from her friends 
and neighbours, Gregor O/i/eii Time, 109. Abd. The bridegroom 
gaed a theggan' among the friends, an' got presents o' corn an' 
ither gear in token o' their well wishes, Michie Deeside Tales 
(187a) 132. Ayr. He gaed to the gaits' [goats'] hoose to thig '00' 
[wool]. Service Dr. Diigiiid (ed. 1887) 262. e.Lth. Ye'U see 
them waste their siller on drink or dress, an' syne thig a' they can 
get afi'the pairish, Hunter y. Inwick (1895") 145. Gall. He tried 
to thig it awa' frae his faither, Crockett Bog-Myrlle (1895) 378. 
n.Cy. i^Hall.) 

Hence (ij Thig, sb. begging, borrowing ; (2) Thigger, 
sb. a beggar, mendicant ; {3) Thigging, sb. the quantity of 
grain collected by begging ; (4) Thigster, sb., see (2). 

(1 Arg. Studying tlirough his horn specs the tale of thig and 
theft which the town-officer had made up a report on, MuNRO 
J. Splendid (1898) 315. (21 Sh.I. Tiggers soodna be tarrowers, 
Spence Flk-Lore (1899) 212 ; S. & Ork.' Edb. Scotch penal 
enactments against sturd}' beggars, thiggers, sorners, and such 
like, LoRiMER /J'fi/ A'lV/'f (1885) 34. (3) Kcd. I'll get a thigging 
frae auld John Watt, Kinloch Ballad Bk. (1827) 69, ed. 1868. 
Per. (Jam.) (4) Sc. (Jam.) 

2. Phr. to tig nine mothers' meat, see below. 

Sh.I. The motlier is further instructed to ' tig the nine mothers' 
meat ' for the bairn's restoration, i.e. nine mothers whose first- 
born were sons are each solicited for an offering of three articles 
of food, to be used during the convalescence of the patient who 
has been thus snatched from the power of the trows, Spence Flk- 
Lore (1899) 147. 

3. To entice ; to entreat ; to tease. S. & Ork.' 

[1. And now me bus, as a beggar, iny bred for to f>igge 
At doris vpon dayes, Jiat dayres me full sore, Dest. Troy 
(c. 1400) 13549. *J^- ]''<^gon, to take, receive, accept ; Dan. 
tigge, to beg (Larsen).] 

THIGHT, TH1K(E, see Theat. adj., Thic(k. 

THIKKE, THIKKI, THIKY, see Thic(k, Thiccy, 

THILK, dem. pron. Glo. [tSilk.] That, the same. See 

Giuns Cotswohl Village {iZgZ) 84. ne.Glo. ' Ou haven't come in.'. . 
' I suppose 1 cowd ha' told thee thilk,' Household Wds. (1885) 141. 

THILL, s6.' Sc. and in gen. dial, use in Eng. and 
Amer. [|nl.] 1. The shaft of a cart or wagon. Gen. \n 
pi. Also usedy?^. See Fill, sli.\ Tills, sb. pi.'- 

Gall. Now you yourself are in the thills, Crockett Grey Man 

(1896) 316. n.Yks.'* ne.Yks.', m.Yks.' (s.v. Shill), Lan.', Lei.', 
Nhp.2, Suf. (C.G.B.), Suf.',Sus.' Hmp. Holloway ; Moses Snow 
was sitting on the thill, dangling his legs. Gray Ribstone Pippins 
(,1898) 27. Wil.' [Amer. I'm like a bronco in a buggy. I want 
to bust athill every time I feel the rein, Cent. Mag. (Jan. 1901) 452.] 
Hence Thilling, prp. working in the shafts. Lan.' 
2. Comp. (i) Thill-bells, the chain part of the shaft- 
horse's harness, which, fixed on the wooden fore-part of 
the collar, hooks on the tugs of the shafts ; (2) -hanks or 
Thillanks, {a) the leather thongs fastened into the 'hames' 
of the shaft-horse ; {b) obs., the twist or rope that came 
over the saddle of the shaft-horse; (3) -harness, harness 
for the shaft-horse ; (4) -horse, the shaft-horse ; (5) -tugs, 
see (i). 

(i) Suf.' (2, o) Dur. (K.\ Lei.', Nlip.' (s.v. Filanks). (i) Dur. 
(K.) (3) n.Lin.', Oxf.' MS. add. Brks. A thill harness will be 
run for by cart-horses, Hughes Scour. While Horse (1859) v. 
Sur.', Hmp. (H.R.), Dor.' e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). (4) 
n.Cy. Grose (1790). n.Lin.', Lei.', w.Wor.'. Glo.' Bdf. Batchelor 
Anal. Eng. Lang. (1809) 126. Suf. (C.T.), Suf.' Eas. Morton 
Cyclo. Agn'c. ',1863: s.v. Horse). Sus.', Ken.' Hmp. (H.R.) ; 
Holloway. Wil.' [Amer. /)/«/. A'o/(5 (1896) J. 334] (5) Brks. 
\'armer Miflliii's mare run for and won a new cart saddle and 
lliill-tugs, Hughes Sro;ij-. White Horse {18^^) v. I.W.' 

[Tliylle, of a cart, tento {Prompt.).] 

THILL, si.2 n.Cy. Nhb. Dur. Yks. [|nl.] L The floor 
of a coal-seam. 

N.Cy.' Nhb.' On this, flat deals of beech wood were fonnerly 
laid to form the ' waj's ' for the sleds or trams. A ' holey thill' 
was one of these tramway's when worn into holes by the passage 
of the trams. Nhb., Dur. Greenwell Coo/ 7">. G/. (1849). w.Yks. 
(J.H.B.), w.Yks.2 
2. A thin bed or stratum of fire-claj'. 

Nhb.' The underlayer of a coal seam freq. consists of a thin bed 
of fireclay; hence thin strata of that material are called 'thill,* 
irrespective of their position with regard to a seam of coal. ' The 
thills or undercl.iys of coals,' Lebour Geol. (ed. 1886) 12. Nhb., 
Dur. Grey thill with water, Borings ( 1881) II. 4. 

Hence Thilly, adj. partaking of the nature of indurated 

clay. Nhb.' 

[1. f>i//e, a structure of planks ; flooring (Sweet).] 
THILLER, sb. In gen. dial, use in midl. and s.Eng. 

Also written thillur I.W.' [l^ilalr.] 1. The shaft-horse 

or wheeler in a team. Also called Thill-horse (qv., s.v. 

Thill, sb.'). See Tiller, sb.^ 

Lan.', Lei.', Nhp.'^ (s.v. Filler), War. (J.R.'VV.), War.3 'Wor. 
Deceased was by the thiller's head, Evesham Jrn. (Sept. 18. 
1897). w.Wor.', s.Wor.', se.Wor.', Shr.', Hrf.=, Glo. (A.B.), 
Glo.' 2, 0x1'.', Brks.', e.Au.' Nrf., Suf. Morton C\clo. Agric. 
(1863); Suf.' Ess. 7'ra»s.^<f/<.Sof. (18631 II. 187. Sus.' Hmp. 
Holloway. I.W.', Wil.', Dor.' e.Soni. W. & J. Gl. ( 18735. 
[Hole bridle and saddle, whit lethcr and nail. With coUcrs and 
harneis, for thiller and all, TussicR Hiisb. (1580) 36.] 
2. Comb. (i)Thiller'sgearis, harness forthe shaft-horse ; 
(2) -horse, the shaft-horse or wheeler in a team, &c. ; (3) 
-tackle, see (i). 

(i) s.Wor. (H.K.) Shr.' Suit of thiller's gear. Ami. Calal. 
(Stoddesden) (1870). Glo. A'. & Q. (1882) 6th S. vi. 186. Suf. 
Rainlirij A!;nc. (1819) 292, cd. 1849. (2) War.^, Hmp.' (3) 
War. (J.R.VV.) 

THILSE, adv. Obs. Bch. (Jam.) Else, otherwise, 
'the else.' 

THIMAL, see Thimble. 

THIMBER, adj. Obs. Sc. Gross, heavy, cumbrous. 

Thickand thimber washisthie, AYTOUN/J(?//nrf.';(ed. 1861)11.332. 

THIMBLE, sb. and v. Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. Also in forms thimal w.Yks.; thimell Der.; 
thimmel Lth. Nhb. Dur.' n.Lan.'; thiminle e.Yks.'; 
thhnmy Der.; thumble Sc. (Jam.) [f>im(b)l.] 1. sb. 
In comb, (i) Thimble-ha', a tailor's workshop; (2) -pie, a 
rap on the head with a thimbled finger; in ^('«. colloq. 
use ; also called Dame's thimble ; (3) -pie making, see 
(2) ; (4) -work, needlework, tailoring. 

(i) Abd. He . . . ca's their lear but clippings a' ; And bids them 
gang to Thimble-ha', Keith Farmer's Ha' (1774) st. 14. (2) Dur.', 
e.Yks.' w.Yks. Missis pullin me ears, broddin me wit knittin 
needle, an giein me sa mich thimalpie, Tom Treddlehoyle 
Bairnsla Ann. (1847) 6; w.Yks.' n.Lan.' s.Lan.' Der. Years 




ago there was one variety which little boys and girls knew as 
' dame's tliimell.' It was in constant use in the making of ' Ihimell- 
pie ' or ' thimmy-pic,' the dame of the little schools then common 
in all villages using her thimble — a great iron one — upon the 
children's heads when punishment was necessary, A'. (yQ. (1890 
7th S. ix. 95. nw.Der.', n.Lin.", War.3, Oxf." A/S. atld., Brks.' 
nw.Dev.i I'll gic 'ce tliimblcpic drcckly, if thee dis'n behave the- 
zel'. 3) Der. The dame of the little schools then common in all 
villages using her thimble — a great iron one — upon the children's 
heads when punishment was necessary. This was called ' thimell- 
pie making, 'and the operation was much dreaded, N. er'Q. (1890) 
7th S. ix. 95. (4") Nhb. I could na settle tac stitchin' an' thimmel- 
wark like an' auld-wifc, Jones Nlib. (1871) 19. 
2. The foxglove, Digitalis purpurea. Wtf. (B. & H.), 
Cum.''' 3. The sca-cainpion, Silciic marilima. c.An. 
(B. & H.) 4. pi. The harebell, Campanula rotundifulia. 
Sc. (Jam.) n.Sc. (lA., s.v. Witch-bells). Lth. ?'oxgloves, blue- 
bells, thimmels, an' spinks, Lumsden Sheip-head {\^<j3) 145. Glo.', 

5. The iron socket in which any pivot turns ; the ring of 
a gate-hook on which the gate turns. 

Clis.' Midi. Wright. Stf.' Lei.' The ring which receives the 
hook in the hinge of a gate, having two clamps or wings which 
clip or go round the wood. Without these last, and when the 
ring is only at the end of a spike which runs into the wood of the 
gate, it is called a ' band," ' hooks ' and ' bands,' but ' gate-hooks ' 
and 'thimbles.' War.* 

6. The socket into which a bolt shoots. Chs.' 7. :'. 
To insert a stone between the axle-tree and the inside of 
a wheel. Diir. Gibson Vp-Weardale Gl. (1870). 

THIMMERLY, THIMMY, see Tymerly, Thimble. 

THIN, adj., sb. and v. Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. Also in form tin Sh.I. [|>in.] 1. adj. In covih. 
(1) Thin cake, see below ; (2) -chopped, small-faced; (3) 
— drink, small beer; (4) — fur 8r furrow, {a) a shallow 
furrow; (A) to plough land with a shallow furrow; (5) — 
land, land having very shallow soil ; (6) — nose, a nose 
keenly susceptible to smells ; (7) -nosed, keen-scented ; 
(8) — pikeing, poor living ; (9) skinned, of land : having 
a thin surface-soil. 

(i) Wm. A cake baked on a girdle (B.K.). w.Yks. Cake made 
from ordinary dough without any fruit or preserves. 'What hev 
we ferbreckfast!' 'Thin cake and bacon' (iA.\ (2) Cum. The thin- 
chop'd, hawf-neak'd beggars, Gilpin Ballads (1874) 175. (3) 
N.Cy.', w.Yks.' s.Cy. Grose (1790). (4, a) Mid. Then ploughed 
these ashes in with a very thin furrow (to avoid bringing up to 
the surface the wictched subsoil), Middleton Agric. (1798) 122. 
(i) n.Lln.' I thinfurr'd them seeds fur wheat c'stead o' breakin 
'em up, an' ther' wasn't hairf a crop. (5) n.Lin.' (6) Cum. 
(E.W.P.) Wm. He's a gay thin nooaze when ther's owt ta eat 
stirrin' (B K.). w.Yks. Shoe said I'd a thin nose, and ah 'ed a thin 
nose to smell a dirtiness like that (F.P.T.1. (7) w.Yks. Leeds Mac. 
Suppl. (Jan. 28, 1899). (8) w.Yks. 1 J.W.) s.Lan.' It's bin thin- 
pikein" at eawr heawse o' lat'. (9^ s.Chs.', nw.Der.', Suf.' 

2. Phr. fi) thin of clothes, scantily clothed ; (2) to be thin 
ft kit. to break one's word or engagement ; (3) to make 
thin linings, of the wind : to be cold and piercing ; lit. to 
make one's clothes feel thin. 

(i) Dmb. The poor wha're thin o'claise, And pining in starvation, 
Taylor Poems (1827') 9. (2) w.Yks. Scatciierd Hist. Morley 
(1830 "i Gl ; w.Yks.' (s.v. Runs-thin\ (3) Chs.', s.Chs.' 

3. Few, scarce. 

Frf. John Tamson's bairns— ah ! whaur are they 1 Amahgusnoo 
they're grown sae thin That 3'e micht search frae Tweed to Spcy 
Krc ony trace o' them ye fin', Watt Poet. Sketches (1880, 73. 
Lnk. Originals hae now worn thin, Watson Poems (1853) 20. 

4. Of the wind or weather: cold, keen, piercing. 

Ir. Barlow East iiiilo IVesI (1898) 315 ; During a cold easterly 
wind the clay is said to be thin, FlkLore Rec. (1881) IV. 106. 
w.Yks.2 Clis.' One frequently hears it said, ' My word ! but it's 
a thin wind this morning ; it'll go through you before it'll go round 
you.' s.Chs.' Der. The wind blows thin, it's in the East (H.K. . 
s.Wor. The wind blows thin (H.K.% 

5. sb. In phr. the thin of the side, the waist. 

Sh.I. Yon pain at shil gits i' da tin o' her side is gaein ta finish 
her, S/i. IVeics (Oct. 5, 1901;' ; (J.S.) 

6. V. To lessen in numbers; to diminish. 

Sh.L Dis ill waddcr ill tin da sheep, i.e. kill them (J.S.). Edb. 
They're Satan's traps To thin the Kirk, Learmont Poems (i 791) 44. 

7. To pick out the bones offish. 

Sh.L 'lo tin a fish head (J.S.) ; S. & Ork.' To pick the bones 
out of the boiled heads of fish and collect the fieshy parts. 

THIN, see Then, adv., conj. 

THINDER, see Thonder, Thunder. 

THINE'S, poss. pron. Sh.I. In forms dine's, dyns S. 
& Ork.' Thine. 

I saw Robbie Broon, yon chum o' dine's, Manson Ahii. (1000) 
125; S. fcOrk.' 

THING, sb. 'Var. dial, uses in Sc. and Eng. Also in 
form ting Sh.I. [|iir).] 1. In phr. (i) a bonnie thing, a 
fine state of aft'airs ; used iron. ; (2) a thing and a lialf 
a term applied to a conceited person, as indicative of the 
value he sets upon himself; (3) a wee thing, somewhat; 
just a little ; (4) Davie do a' things, a Jack of all trades; 
(5) John A'things' shop, the general shop of a village or 
small town ; (6) no great things, of little worth ; nothing 
to boast of; see Great, 3 (4) ; (7) no the thing, not what it 
should be ; of a person : not what he pretends to be ; (8) 
the thing on it, the crucial point, the difficulty of the 
whole matter ; the pith or marrow of anything; (9) thing 
of nothing or of nought, a trifle, next to nothing; (10) up 
the thing, 'up to the mark,' well in health. 

(1) Cld. A bonnie thing, that I man pay for't a' (Jam.), (a) 
n.Yks.2 (3) Per. A wee thingie quiet, maybe, Ian Maclaren 
Brier Bush (1895) 24. Fif. If he had a wee thing main confidence 
in himsel' it would be better for him, Kohertson P<o!'Oi/ (1894) 
66. e.Lth. ! ihocht his voice sounded a wee thing shaky, Hunter 
J. Iiiwick (1895) 25. (4) Sc. (A.W.) (5) Slg. John A'things' 
shop was the place for gear. For everything you'd mention, 
Fergusson Village (1893) 43. (6) Sc. My hospitality ... is nae 
gryte things in itself. Modern Alheiis, no (Jam.). Cai.' He's nae 
great things. (7) Sc. That's no the thing. I doubt he's no the 
thing (Jam.1. (8) Nrf. lo be brief the thing on't is this here, 
Cozens-Hardy Broad Ni/. (I893^ 40; (M.C.H.B.) (9) Cuni.'« 
n.Yks.2 They gat it for a thing o' nowt [bought it . . . for next 
to nothing]. e.Yks.' Ah bowt that stce for a thingo'-nowt, MS. 
add. (T.H.) Chs.' He bought a lot o' taters for his cows, and got 
'em for a thing o' nothing. nw.Der.' (io'> Dev. Jan, this here ol' 
sow baint lookin' up the thing. Ford Lariaiiiys (1897' 5. 

2. Used in a depreciatory sense of a person or thing. 
Sh.L Da taen a fail'd body <>' a man an' da tidder a ting o' a 

l,i5S, Sh. Netvs (Aug. 37, i898\ w.Yks. (J.W.) Not. Spilt it! 
■yo thing! All the milk? What next I wunner? Prior Foiest 
Flk. (1901)337. w.Som.' A bad tool is \\i riglur dhing],with 
much emphasis in all cases on ' dhing.' Tud'-n noa yiies vur lu' 
mack dhingz, dhai wudn buy um [It is no use to make things 
J. e. bad articles), they would not buy them]. A drunken woman 
is \\i puurdec oa 1 dhing"]. I never heard the word applied to a 
man, but very often to a horse. Dhee-s u-g»u-t u dhing- nacw, 
shoa'ur nuuf- [Thee hast got a thing now, sure enough], is a very 
common expression. 

3. A gamekeepers' word : ground vermin. 

w.Som.' ' I've alost a lot o' birds way thick there thing.' Said 
of a fox. 'How we have abin a-tcrrified way [dhing-z] the 
last vortnight ; we've a killed up a dizen stoats and varies.' 
Complaining of not finding game in a favourite spot, I was told, 
' Tliey zess 'tis the [dhing-z] things have a-killed it, but I knows 
better'n that,' 

4. A term of endearment for a child or girl ; esp. in phr. 
my ain thing. 

Sc. (Jam.)' Per. I ken the precious things at hame Ara thinkin' 
upon me, Nicoll Poems (ed. 1843) 87. Ayr. She's a bit braw 
takin' lass yon, and a wise-spoken thing forbyc. Service Dr. 
Diigiiid (ed. 1887) 102. Lnk. Whan thou art my ain thing, O I 
will love thee, I will love thee. Black Falls of Clyde (1806) i6a. 
Lth. Saw ye my wee thing? Saw ye mine ain thing? Saw ye 
my true love down on yon lea? Macneill Port H'ks. (1801)83, 
cd. 1856. Dev. Kitty Combe or Betty Butt, an' all they other 
purty things, Salmon Ballads (1899") 61. 

5. Used with the def. art. to express great approbation. 

Sc. Aye, that's the thing (Jam.\ n.Cy., w.Yks. J.W.) w.Som.' 
So you'll come too ; that's the thing. Nif mother'll let us come, 
'twill be the very thing. Thick there maid's the thing vor me. 

6. With the rel. pron. : that ; those. 

Abd. Send me mair bukcs ; I've read the thing that I hae (Jam.1. 

7. Anamount, quantity, number; gen. with intensive adj. 
Bnff.' With the .-idjectivcs 'unco,' 'gey,' 'awfou.' Abd. An 

ondeemas thing o' siller, Alexander /o/KK/yC/Aft (1871) x. w.Sc. 

N a 




What an awfu' thing o' port the doctor drank yon day, Carrick 
I. mid of Logan (1835) 'S'- 

8. pi. Cattle, sheep, live stock. 

s.Chs.i His last duty at night is to 'look his things ' n Lin.' I 
hev to stir my sen ; me an' that lad hes oher sixty things to do 
ivery day as is. Hrf.= Meaty things. Oxf.i Sar all the things, 
but dwun't gi' they thar pigs n' moor cabbage stoms. w.Soni.i 
This noun of multitude always has a singular construction. ' Any- 
body wid be a fool vor to keep a passle o' things and starve it.' 
Dev. I'll sit down wishin' gude fortune to all at Endicott's— fields, 
an' things, an'folk,PHiLLPOTTs5o)iso/il/orH/j!g-(i90o) 90. nw.Dev.i 

9. pi. Ghostly appearances. 

Brks. The more elastic term ' Summat ' or ' Things ' is preferred 
[to ' ghost 'J, as being less personal, and covering spiritual 
appearances of any shape and size, Spcc/alor (Feb. 15, 1902). 

THINGAM, see Thingum. 

THING-A-ME-TOY, sb. Yks. War. Oxf. Also in 
forms -tight Oxf. ; -am-tetoy w.Yks.= ; -em-ti-toy n.Yks. 
[jiirismitoi.] 1. A word used when the name of the 

person or thing referred to is forgotten or unknown ; 
a curious article, esp. one of unknown use and little value ; 
a person of small account. 

n.Yks. What soort ov a thingemtitoy's that ta's gitten hod on, 
predha? A niver so sike a thirigcmtitoy as that i mi life. What's 
ta gain to mack ov a thingemtitoy like that, a wundr? (W.H.) 
w.Yks. MissThinga-me-toy, Banks IViJld. IVds. (1865) ; w.Yks.s 
What sort'n a thing-am-te-toy's that ? Thing-am-te-toys o' awal 
soarts. Oxf. (G.O.) 
2. A foolish act. War. (J.R.W.) 

THINGAMTIJIG, .^t>. Yks. [In-qamtidgig.] A dial, 
form of ' thingamejig.' 

w.Yks. Side that thingamtijig aht t'gate, Leeds Merc. Stippl. 
(Jan. 28, 1899) ; Common (J.W.). 

THINGAMY, sb. Cum. Wil. Dev. Also written thing- 
ammy Cum.' [fiirjami.] A contemptuous expression 
for a worthless person or thing. 

Cum.' What is yon daft thingammy about? Cum." Wil. Slow 
Gl. (1892). Dev. Tha thingamy [a crinoline] stared hur irt bang 
in tlia vcacc. Nathan Hogg Poet. Lett. (.ed. 1866) and S. 14. 

THINGEMTY-THANGEMTY, sb. Dur. 'Thingum- 

Can on wu the stooery, aboot t'Egyptian thingcmty-thangemty, 
Egglestone Bctly Podkius Lett. (1877) 7- 

THINGIMENT, s6. Cai.' [|ii'r)im3nt.] Something the 
name of which is unknown or forgotten. 

THING-0-"WOLD, sb. e.Yks.' A paltry, insignificant 

Ah wadn't demeean mysen by heven owt te deeah wi sike a 
thing-o-wold as thoo. 

THINGUM, sb. Sc. Cum. Yks. I. Ma. Also written 
thingam w.Yks.^ ; thingem Yks. [t'i'r)3m.] 1. A non- 
descript article; esp. used of a person or thing whose 
name is unknown or forgotten. 

Elg. I countit the paper ower to thingum tlie draper, Tester 
Forms (1865) 144. w.Yks. Ther wor a long thingum 'at aw tuk 
to be a piece o' stooav pipe, Hartley Clock Aim. (1878) 19. 
2. Comb, (i) Thingum-bob, (2) -dairie, (3) -magee, (4) 
•stick, (5) -ti-bob, a knick-knack; a useless, trifling 
article ; something the name of which is unknown or 

(i) Cum.', w.Yks.s (2) Bnff.' (3) I.Ma. Your face as bright 
as a thingummagee, Brown IVilc/t (1889) 44. (4) w.Yks.'^ (5) 
n.Yks. (W.H.) w.Yks. A gurt heigh wooden thingemtibob, somat 
like a wardrobe, Sauufenrs Satchel (1881) 29; w.Yks.^ 

THINK, V. and sb. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. [^'rik] I- i'- Dial, forms. 1. Preterite: (i) 
Thate, (2) Thinked, (3) Thoat, (4) Thocht, (5) Thoft, (6) 
Thort, (7) Thot, (8) Thoucht, fg) Thotighten, (10) Thout, 
(II) Thowcht, (i2)Thowt, (13) Thowte, (141 Thunk. 

(i) Brks.' (ai Brks. I was on piquet duty an' I thinked of you, 
Hayden Round our Vill. (1901", 209. (3) Dev. All the maids wuz 
mad on Cureit — Thoat'n sich a purty thing, Salmon Ballads 
''899) 75- (4) Sc. (Jam.) ; I aye thocht ye had a wull o' yer ain, 
Keith Indian Uncle (1896) 11. Cai.' Frf. She thocht I was ower 
glib, Barrie Minister (iBgi) vii. Ayr. He thocht it was gaun to be 
a real entertecnin anc. Service Notandunis ( 1890) 5. n.Ir. Yin 
Christmas Day a thocht a wad gang tae Bilfast, Lyttle Paddv 
McQuillan, 9. (5) Ken. (G.B.'', Ken.' s.Dev. I thoft ee'd be home 

hours agone, Longman's Mag. (1901) 47. Cor.' I thoft it was 
j'ou. (6) Yks. I thort of you all the journey, Dyke Craiklrecs 

(1897) 156. n. Dev. Why es thort you coudent a vort zo, E.vm. 
Crislip. (1746) 1. 333. (Amer. I sorter thort that nothin a'most 
would tempt me, Sam Slick Clockinnker (1836) 3rd S. iii.] (7) 
Cor. I thot you'd be reckoning I waddun comin' no more, Phill- 
poTTS Prophets (1897) 79. [Amer. I thot it wasn't safe to go 
niailin' letters, Lloyd Chronic Loafer (1901) 13.] (8) Abd. 
Williams Fairiner's Tint Laddie (1900) st. 2. (9) Shr.' /x/rorf. 
55. (10) Nhb.i Wm. I thout tae sell it, Wheeler Dial. (1791) 
112, ed. 1821. n Lin. (E.P.) (11) Sc. Murray Dial. (1873I 208. 
(12) Nhb. I thowt he looked a bit uncanny mysel', Rhvs Fiddler 
of Came (,1896) 27. Dur. We thowt, as he'd distinguished hissel, 
GuTHRJz Kitty Pagan (.19°°) 26. Cum. I thowt I'd bidden you 
good bye, Gwordie Greenup Antiddcr Batch (1873") 3. Wm. He 
thowt ye were goin' for to bang the lad, Ollivant Owd Bob 

(1898) 19. n.Yks. He thowt 'at he knew, Tweddell Clcvel. 
Rhymes (1875) 60 ; n.Yks.", e.Yks.' w.Yks. Th' doctor thowt he 
war shamming, Sutcliffe Moor and Fell (1899) 12. Lan. We'n 
thowt o' scndin' him t' th' cotton fact'ry. Banks Manch. Man 
(1876) viii. s.Lan.i, Chs.', s.Clis.' 85. Der. Hoo thowt more on 
him nor most women think o' their husbands, Gilchrist Willow- 
brake (1898) 74. Lin. I thowt to mysen, Tennyson Spinster's 
Sweet-arts {1885) St. 18. Nrf. Cozens-Hardy Broad Nrf. (1893) 
35. s.Hnip. I thowt as it weren't for nowt as I heerd the old ash- 
tree a-groaning, Verney L. Lisle (1870) HI. 37. (13') Cuni.^ I 
niver thowte he wad finnd owte on t'fclls, 2. w.Yks.' I hie thowte 
at thou . . . wad ha' been sike a daft fonlin, ii. 302. (14) ni.Yks.' 
Introd. 43. 

2. Pp.: (i)Thart,(2)Thinken,('3)Thocht,(4)Thochten, 
(S) Thoft, (6) Thoughted, (7) Thoughten, (8) Thout, (9) 
fhouten, (10) Thowcht, (11) Thowt, (12) Thowten, (13) 

(i) w.Cy. Who ever'd ha' thart o' doin' sich a thing? Longman's 
Mag. (Nov. 1897) 10. (2) e.Yks.' (3) Sc. (Jam. Suppl.), Cai.' 
Abd. Fa cud 'a thocht it? Alexander yo/i);»_y G/i6 (187 1) ii. Rxb. 
Ye should hae thocht o' sic things afore, Dibdin Border Life 
(1897) 163. n.Ir. You'd have thocht 'twas the devil gone mad, 
Lays and Leg. (1884) 7. (4) Kcb. Ye wud 'a' thochten it wus 
craws. Trotter Gall. Gossip (1901) 377. (5) Cor. I wur thoft to 
be pretty 'cute, J. Trenoodle Spec. Dial. (1846) 13. (6) Cai, 
If ye're mindit tae pit afl" j'er coat, for am thoughtit the day will 
be het, e'en throw it in there, M'Lennan Peas. Life (1871) II. 30. 
Dor. It was thoughted worthy of being recorded in history, Hardy 
Laodicean (i88i)bk. i. iv. Dev. 'Twas never thoughted that the 
stuff would work so bad, Reports Provinc. (1882"). (7) Slir.i 
[ntrod. 55. (8) s.Chs.' 85, n.Lin. (E.P.) (9) Nhb.' (10) Sc. 
Murray Dial. (1873) 208. (11) Nhb. They've aye thowt they 
were a kind o' uncanny folk, Jones Nlib. (1871) 123. Wm. Yis, 
mum, . . ya might a thowt it, Ward R. Elsmere (1888) bk. i. ii. 
w.Yks. I may be thowt a brazzened hahnd, Cudworth Dial. 
Sketches {188^) 13. e.Dev. Ifai mit thee out o' deur ai ked kiss 
ee an' nit be thowt laight o', Pulman Sng. Sol, (i860) viii. i. 

(12) e.Yks.' Ah'd thowten thoo wadn't deean owt si feealish. 

(13) m.Yks.' Introd. 43. 

3. Coiilraclions: (i) Ah 'ink. n.Yks. (I.W.), e.Yks.' ; (2) 
I'nk, I think. e.Lan.' 

11. Dial. uses. 1. v. In comb. Think-so, a passing 
thought, a vague suspicion. 

I.Ma, All the dread that I had hitherto felt was no more than a 

think-so, Caine Deemster (1887) 253, ed. 1889. 

2. Phr. (i) iiowt particular to think on, nothing of any 

importance ; (2) thought on, esteemed, respected ; (3) to 

think back on, to recall to mind ; (4) — bad, to be unwilling ; 

(5) — bad on a person, to think him likely to do wrong ; 

(6) — black, or black burning, shame, lo be greatly ashamed ; 

(7) — ill, see (4) ; (8) — long of or on, to weary for ; to be 
long expectant of; see Long, adj.Z (7); (9) — niore, to 
remember; (10) — much, (a) to care, mind; to bear a 
grudge ; to be envious ; see Much, adj. 3 (8) ; (b) to be 
ashamed or bashful : (11) ^ — no other, to feel sure ; (12) — 
on a ivife, to think of marrying ; (13) — one on, to remind 
one; (14) — one zvill. to like, choose; to make up one's 
mind ; esp. after jvhcn ; (15) ^on of, sec (9) ; (16) — pity 
of, to pity ; see Pity, sb.^ (2) ; (17) —scorn, obs., to scorn ; 
(18) — shame, to feel ashamed ; see Shame, 1 (7) ; (19) — 
*■;■«, to feel vexed; (20) — small 0/ oneself, to consider 
oneself of little importance; (21) ~ sumniat, to think 
something is wrong ; to feel offended ; (22) — to (with 




»;/), ob$ol., to think of (with prp.)\ (23) — zvrary, to feel 
weary or bored ; (24) — we//, to approve, agree. 

^I) se.Lin. (J.T.Ii.i (2> Ab<l. She's a muckle thocht o' 'omaii, 
Jinsc, Alexander Joltimy Gibb iSii) xv. Cum.' He's Rinly 
thought on about hcamm ; Cum.*, w.Yks. (J.W.) Dev. My old 
man was always so much thought on, O'Neill /(/)'/s (iBga) 12. 
(3") n.Dev. I tliought back on the days us had been together, 
Zack Dunstable /{'(•;>■ (1901) 231. (4) Ir. Would himself think bad 
ofjoanin' me the boat for half an hour may be? Barlow Miti/iii's 
Coi)//i. (1896)86. (51 Sc. (A.W.) n.Yks.Thcywadn't think bad on 
him I.W.). w.Yks. (J.W.) (6) Bnff.'.Cld. (Jam.) (7)Lnk. Some 
wha had skill, an' a wheen wha had nanc, Thocht ill to let Janet 
be lyin' her lane, Watson Poems 11853) 3^. (8) n.Yks.' Aye, Ah 
had begun t think long o' you. ne.Yks.' Ah thowt lang o' ya 
comin'. e.Yks.' Noo, bayns, did ya think lang o' ma coming 
whom'? n.Lin.' '^'ou'll think long on Mr. Jewlian letters cumin' 
fra Amcricaay. You've gotten here at last ; bud oh, muthcr, I did 
think long on yer cumin'. 19 e.Dev. Bowring Lang. (1866 I. 21. 
f 10, a . Stf.' s.Not A let 'cm goo cheap ; but a didn't think much, 
fot a'd made such a good price o' the tothers (J.P.K/. sw Lin.' 
They think much with me for my work. If they gi'c you owt, 
they think much with you. (6 Nhb.' Aa tlicut nuich_ iii)n.Lin.' 
I think no uther then 'at all Paapists is damned whativer tlic'r 
works maay be. sw.Lin.* I thought no other but what I'd come 
to my end. We thought no other but what she would ha' died. 
The horse was slape shod, and I thought no olher than I should 
have had him down. (12} Rnf. Be na shj', an' trowth ! ye'se get 
me. For I'm thinkin" on a wife, Picken Poems (1813) I. 104. (13) 
n.Cy. Grose (ngo) Sul^pl. ; N Cy.' Nhb. Mind think me on when 
at the toun Te get the drop black-beer, Wilso.n Pitman's Pay 
(18431 16. Dur.', Cum.'" Wm. I'll pay the' o' Sctlherda if thoo'jl 
think me on (J.M.). n.Yks.^ e.Yks.' Think me on tl get sum 
taties, MS. adtl. (,T.H.) w.Yks.' ; w.Yks. ^ Think me on abaht it. 
Lan.' Tha mun think-me-on to morn. e.Lan.', s.Lan.' Chs.' Yo 
mun think me on, or I shai! be sure to forget ; Chs. '3, Stf.' 
n Lin.' Mind j'ou think me on aboot it, and doan't let me forget till 
you are gone. (14) n.Yks. They deea as they think they will 
(I.W.). Not. He'll pay when hethinkshe will L.C.M.X n.Lin.' 
It's to noa ewse botherin', he'll nobbud do it when he thinks he 
will. sw.Lin.' He can do it relet enough when he thinks he will. 
She'd do it when she thought she would. She waan't if she thinks 
shewaant. Oxf. (G.O.) '(i5)Sc.(A.W.) n.Yks. Think on o' that 
(I.W.). (16) N.I.' I thought pity o' the chile he was that cowl. (17) 
Fif. 1 houp thou'lt think na scorn to take Some fashery to do richt, 
Tennant Papiiliy (1827) 20 (18) Sc. (Jam.) Abd. Think sh.ime 
o' ycrsel', min ! Alexander Ain Flk. (1882) 174. se.Sc. Think 
nae shame the truth to fell, Donaldson Poems (1809) 164. Ayr. 
She, honest woman, may think shame That ye're connected with 
her. Burns --i»i',(rr /o l'f/5. 5^787, st. 4. Lnk. Ye micht think 
shame. Thomson Musings (1881) 118. Rxb. For this they dinna 
think nae shame, W. Wilson Poems (1824) 13. Kcb. I thought 
perfect shame to be thinking of such things so soon, MuiR Mun- 
craig (1900) 53. N.L' Think shame o' yerse!', child ! N.Cy.' 
Nhb.' Wey, man, ye should think shycm ! n.Yks. *^, w.Yks.', Nhp.', 
Oxf. G.O.) Nrf. You ought to think shame o' yourself a-screcchin' 
and a- moan in' there like a Methody, Forues Odd Fisit (1901 1 121. 
Suf.' I should thinkshame to 'a done so. w.Som. ' I should think 
shame of anybody belonging to me if they'd a-bin there. (19) 
Sh.I. Berry fled inunderda restin' shair yalkin, till I touglit sin ta 
hear him, 5/1. A'fits : May 7, 1898 . ao i Abd. Na. he thouchtTia 
sma' o' himsel'I Macdonald IKnf/oci (1882) vii. (21) s.Not. Yer 
mun speak tim, or 'e'll Ihink summat (J.P.K. 1. (22) Abd. He 
cudna think to see the knighf, Till he sud mak' himsell mair snod 
and tight, Shirrees Poems (1790) 163. Ayr. O Jean fair, I lo'e 
thee dear; O canst thou think to fancy me, Burns T/ierc was 
a Lass, st. 10. ^23) Abd. We will mairry at Whitsunday, And 
syne we 11 ne'er think weary, Greig Logie 0' Buclian (1899) 1 18. 
(24) Not.' Lei.' A's sent wan, an' if you think well all send 
another. Nhp.' I'll do it, if you think well. War.3,Hnt. (T.P.F.) 

3. DA.w/. To feci, experience. 

Gall. Uinna think . . . Tho' now I wipe my face, And drop the 
heartfelt friendly tear, I think the least disgrace, Lauderdale 
Poems (1796) 8. 

4. To expect ; also with on. 

Frf. Ta same stirks wuU putt fin she's no Miinkin', I.OWSON 
Guidfotlow (1890) 187. w.Yks. Theaze not sa menny things here 
az yod think on, Tom Treddleiioyle Trip la Lunnan 1851 i 28: 

5. To think something is wrong; to feel hurt or offended. 
s.Not. She would think if yer corned to the town wi'out seein' 

on 'er (J.P.K.). 

6. At the end of a clatise : to wonder. 
n.Sc. Fat's that, I think? Jam.^ 

7. Used clliptically for 'to think so.' 

Guern. ' Will you be able to go ? ' '1 think ' (OH G.). 

8. With on: to recollect ; to bear in mind. 

Sc. It's wcel laid by ; but I canna think on wlicre I put it Jam. 
Snppl.K N.Cy.' Nhb.' Aa didn't think-on. Dur.', Cum.*, Win. 
(J.M.J n.Yks. !l.W.) ; n.Yks.' Noo mind and think on and coom 
an' see us next lime. ne.Yks.' Ah lay I'lad's clean forgot, he can 
nivvcr think on. e.Yks.' Ah didn't Ihink on tl get it. w.Yks.' 
I . . . bcnsil'd her purely, to mack her think on, ii. 28O ; w. Yks.'^ 
Lan.' Mi head's noan worth a rap; aw connnt think-on beawt 
[Unless] aw put it deawn. ne.Lan.' I'se be sewer ta think on. 
m.Lan.' s.Lan ' Think-on an' get mi bacca. Chs.'^ Der.' Ihink 
of it. I will if I think on. nw.Der.', n.Lin.', w.Wor.', s.Wor.' 
Shr.l I'll buy some more yarn o' Saturd'y. if I can think on (s v. 
Onl. Hrf.=, Glo.', Oxf. (G.O.) Dev. I think on the past with a 
smile and a sigh, O'Neill Idyls (1892) 102. 

9. With/o/*: to intend. n.Yks.* Ah thowt for ti cum, 230 

10. With itp : to arrange, plan, originate. 

n.Yks." It II 'a'e ta'en a lot o' thinking up, will a do Icyke yon. 

11. sb. Thought, opinion ; esp. in phr. oiie'^ o:vii l/iiiil;. 
Abd. He cudna but 'a bed's ain think, Alexandcr Am Fit 

(■1882 209. Per. Culzic, who had always his ain think, Monteath 
Dunblane 1835) 31, ed. 1887. Edb. He his think to nanc wad 
tell, Tua Cuckolds (17961 4. w.Yks. Av me awn think after all. 
Tom Treddleiioyle 7Vio»/s (1845) 11. 

THINKING, />;•/•. and sb. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Wm. Yks. Chs. 
Der. Cor. [||3ir)kin.] 1. prp. In phr. /'/« lliiit/;iiig, I 

think or expect; I feel certain. 

Sc. He is not at home, I'm thinking, Mitchell Scollicisms 
(17991 79. Cai. The waddin' canna gang on wi'oot ye, I'm 
thinkin'. M''I.ennan l\as. Life (1871) I. 107. Dmb. Thae wee 
anes mak' it a hantle easier for daith an* me, I'm thinkin*, Strang 
Lass of Lenno.x I i8(jg) 7. Ayr. He's owrc often in his gig, I'm 
thinking, Douglas Gicfit Shutters (igoi"! 5. Rxb. I'm thinking 
Mary Samson '11 be in a fine fluster when she hears't, Dibdin 
Border Life '1897) 171. Kcb. But I've tell'd yc a' this before, I'm 
thinkin', MuiR Muncraig 1900) 45. Ir. Francy's went oflT some- 
wheres wid his gun, after the rabbits, I'm thinkin'. Barlow 
Martin's Comp. (1896) 83. Nhb. Hoots noo. Master Josh, ah'm 
thinkin' you're laflin', Cornh. Mag. (June 1902) 762. w.Yks. 
There's waste somewliecr, I'm thinking, Sutcliffe Sliameless 
IVayne {1^00) 121. Cor. 'Tis you'm most like to be leavin* me to 
live a widderman, I'm thinkin*, Quiller-Couch Spanish Maid 
(1898) 29. 

2. Comp. Thinking-work, thought. 

Cor. There*s more thinking-work in a picksher than you'd think 
for, Cynthia. 71. 

3. sb. An opinion. 

s.Chs.' Yo wunna aiiter my thinkins. nw.Der.^ 

4. Phr. lo oik's //linking; in one's opinion. 

Fif. He's ower lassie like a sodger, to my thinkin', Meldruh 
Margrcdel {iB<j^) 178. Rxb. To my thinking there's nevcrastyme 
to choose betwixt him and James Hepburn, Hamilton Outlaws 
(1897) 102. Gall. Porridge . . . that is mair like hen-meat Ihan 
decent biose for Scots thrnpples, to my thinkin', Crockett Z-or/mirnr 
(1897) 71. Nhb. The chestnut at the Mains is better by at least 
ten pund to my thinkin', Graham Red Scaur i8g6 261. Wm. 
Thoo's niver bin the same man to ma thinkin' since thoo'd that 
there newmoanin, Ollivant Oarf/JiiA (1898) 72. w.Yks. I was 
reared on hard words an' haverbread, an' thc^' both of *em stilTeii 
a chap, to my thinking, Sutcliffe Shameless ll'ayne (1900) 55. 
Der. An ounce o* good temper, lass, 'II match the best baccy 
as ever were growed, even to a man's thinking, Good IVds. 
(1881 844. 

THINKINGLY, adv. Wor. [I^iijkinli.] Probably, 

' Well, Tom, you've dug up some nice potatoes there 1 Going 
to have them fried for supper to-night ? ' ' Thinkingly, Sir'(R.L. . 

THINKLE, iA. .Shr.' [f)i'r)kl.] A dial.form of'thing- 
ful' ; a glass- or cupful. 

''Ave a drop more drink, Dick.' 'No, thank yo", I'm gweVn.' 
' Whad 'urry ? Jest 'avc another thinkle.' 

THINL'V', adj. and adv. Sc. Cum. 1. adj. Rather 
thin. Cum." 2. a</i'. Sparsely. 

Gall. John's groun' was thinly dyket, Nicholson Poet. If'/is. 
(1814) 48, ed. 1897. 




THINNINGS, sb. pi. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. [Jjininz.] Trees 
felled to prevent overcrowding in a wood. 

Sc. ^A.W.) n.Cy. Hunter Geotgkal Essays (1803) II. 23. I 
w.Yks. (J.W.) ; 

THINNISH.flf^'. n.Yks.= [f>inij.] Inco;«/.Thinnish- 
deed, a salesman's expression : very little to do. 

THINNY, V. Dev. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] To whine. (Hall.) 

THINTER, see Thrinter. 

THIR, V. Ohs. Dev. Also in form thear. 1. To 
frighten out of the senses ; to hurt ; to strike dead. Cf. 
dare, v.^ 

n.Dev. And vath, nifs do vall over the desk, twont thir ma, 
Exiii. Crtslip. (1716) 1. 475: Grose i'i79o\ 
2. To hurry a person. n.Dev. Horac Siibsecii'ae (1777) 430. 

THIR, dcin. proii. and ikiii. adj. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. 
Cum. \Vm. Yks. Lan. Also written ther Wm. n.Yks.^ ; 
thirr w.Yks.; thur n.Cy. Nhb.' Lakel.' Cum.'" Wm. 
n.Yks. w.Yks.'; thurr Cum.^ ; and in forms thaur Nhb. ; 
theer e.Lan.' ; thoer ne.Lan.'; thooar Lan.; thoor 
e.Lan.' ; thoore w.Dur.'; thor Nhb.' Wm. n.YI;s.' = 
m.Yks.' w.Yks.; there ne.Lan.' ; thour Nhb. [oir, cSsr, 
Siir.] 1. (iein. proit. Tlicse ; those. 

Sc. Thir was the Days of ihe Persecution, Stevenson Cairiona 
(1893) XV. se.Sc. Thir they'll roar out midst bacco-smoke, 
Donaldson Pofms (1809^ 18. Ayr. I'll make a patch-work quilt 
o'thir! Douglas Greeit Shiilteis (1901) 312. Edb. Waefu' times 
thir. Beatty Seci elay {t8g-j) 81. Rxb. Quhat dui-ye thynk o' thyr ' 
Murray £>i<7/. (1873) 185. n.Cy. J. L. 1783"). Nhb. 'Weel pleased 
tae hear sic things as thour said aboot him, Jones A'/ib. (1871} 66 ; 
Nhb.' 'What's a' thor? Cum.^ Creunin' away at sec bits of rhymes 
as thurr, 23. Wm. He isn't fit et be draan e thor, Briggs Rciiiaiiis 
(1825 167. n.Yks.'^^, m.Yks.' w.Yks. Sic trash as thor, yaif.s 
Olifi/ian/ (1870) bk. III. iii. 
2. drill, adj. These, those. 

Sc. In thir present days, Scott Ajttiijitniy (1816) xxiv ; ' Thir' 
[has] curiously enough not penetrated beyond the Grampians, 
MuRRAvZ)/)?/. (1873', 184. Abd. And by thir presents condescended 
That he shall put in execution, Meston IVoiks 1723 25. Abd., Per. 
Almost never now used in Aberdeenshire, although still in use in 
Perthshire (G.W.). Per. Here's to the health Of thir new-married 
couple, NicorPofHis (1766) 50. s.Sc. Hilton's at the bottom o' a' 
thir stories, Wilson 7o/«(i836) II. i. Ayr. I've been lost amang 
thir houses for hours, Galt5iV^. IVylic (1822) xii. Feb. Thir 
people (A.C.). SIk. Humbled wi' a' thir trials, Hogg Tate (1838) 
293, ed. 1866. Rxb. Yt's noa easie geattin send-ways i' thyr daerk 
days, Murray ZJ/o/. (1873I 185. Draf. I write that a' thir three 
may ken, Quinn Heathey (1863) 32. Gall. You an' him may bailli 
lauch at thir news o' mine (J.M.). Uls. Hoo afen dae thir letters 
come? M'Ilroy Ov7f^/»i;;/> (1900) 125. n.Cy. (Co//. L.L.B.) Nhb. 
As she spak thaur words, Jones Nhb. (1871) 115; Come here, 
Mary, an' kill thur yetts, Dixon IV/ii/tingliain Kn/c ( 1 895) 36 ; Nhb.', 
Dur.', w.Dur.', Lakel.' Cum. Thur taxes ! thur taxes ! Lord help 
us I Amen, Anderson Ballads (ed. 18081 184 ; Thurrans at ah bed 
afooar meh noo, Sargisson yoc Scort;> (1881) 59; Cum.'* Wm. 
He war yan o thor fowk war Dixon, Robison^o/i/ Tales (1882 5; 
In thur days nea idle hours Cud there be spar'd at 0', Whitehead 
J-'g. ('^59) 14; Will ta put ther shun on? (B.K.) n.Yks. Thur 
cael tasts Strang of reeke, Mfriton Praise Ale (1684) 1. 55. 
m.Yks.' w.Yks. Lucas Sli«l. NidrierdaU (c. 1882) 285; w.Yks.' 
I' thur hard times, ii. 289. Lan. Just wring thooar bits o' hippins 
through. Standing Echoes (1885 20. n.Lan. Sucked up by thore 
sands, A'. Lonsdale Mag. (July 1866) I. 8. ne.Lan.', e,Lan.' 

[2. Lord forgif me f>ir angers all ! Leg. Holy Rood, ed. 
Morris, 64.] 
THIR, see Their. 
THIRA-W, sb. Irel. A hubbub. 

Don. When he was coming near home he finds the thiraw coming 
behind him, Macmanus Cliim. Corners (1899) 202. 

THIRD, iiiiin. adj., sb. and i'. 'Van dial, uses in Sc. and 
Eng. Also in forms thrid Sc. ; tril Sh.L 1. iiiiiii. adj. 
In comb. Third-foot-land, obsol., grass land in which the 
ownership of the soil is vested in one person, and the 
right to the hay grown thereon in another. n.Lin.' 

2. sb. In comb, (i) Thirds-man, obs., an arbiter between 
two; (2) of kin, a relative in the third degree. 

I) Sc. MacCallummore's blood wadna sit down wi' that ; there 
was rcsk of Andre Ferrara coming in thirdsman, Sco-n Midlothian 

(18181 xxiv ; Magopico (ed. 1836) 29. s.Sc. Ye'Il never gree, Tho' 
fienthaet ye'U make o't I see ; Let me be thirds-man and I'll gie 
My mind at ance, T. Scott Poems (1793) 333. (2) Sh.I. Auld 
Ibbie Bartley dat wis trids o' kin ta my wife's foster midder and 
her oey, Stewart Talcs (1892) 71. 

3. Phr. Iivo part and thridd, obs., see below. 

Gall. Anciently the quarter-staff was held ' twa-part and thridd,' 
one-third part of it beneath the hand, the other Iwo-thirds above, 
Mactaggart Eiicycl. (1824). 

4. A golf-term : a handicap of a stroke deducted every 
third hole. Sc. (Jam. Suppl.) 5. pi. Coarse flour or 
grain ; seconds with a larger proportion of bran. 

Sc. A very common name given by cowfecders to grain got 
from brewers and maltsters after having been used by them, 
Montgomerie-Fleming Notes on Jam. (1899). w.Yks.^ Sharps 
are sometimes called ' thirds' is. v. Sharps!. Lei.', Nhp.' 
6. V. Obs. To do a thing for the third time ; esp. used 
of hoeing turnips. 

Suf. 'Ar them there tahnups done woth?' ' No, we are thirding 
'cm ' (Hall.:. 

THIRDER, sb. Yks. Stf Coarse flour or grain. See 
Third, 5. 

s.Yks. A chaff-cutter suffering from the persistent efforts of 
seconder or thirder to push more straw through the revolving 
wheels than even their fortitude could bear, Fletcher Harvesters 
(ed. 1900) 100. Stf. Thirder refers to the quality of oats produced 
by the threshing-machine. There conies first good corn. Then 
a second quality known as ' seconder,' then — almost valueless — 
' thirder '(T.C.W.). 

THIRDLE, see Thirl, adj. 

THIRD-Y, adj. Yks. Also in form thoddy n.Yks.* ; 
thudy. [)?3di.] A term used by children at play: third 
in order of playing ; also used siibst. 

n.Yks. (R.H.H.) ; n.Yks,* Bags ah fuggy, bags ah seggy, 
thoddy, thoddy. 258. w.Yks.3 (s.v. Furry). 

THIRL, I'.' and s6.' Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Yks. 
Lan. Chs. Stf Lin. Shr. Also written thirle Sc. Dur. 
Lin.; thurl Cum.'* Stf Yks. [Jjarl, \>U.] 1. v. To 
pierce, drill, perforate ; to thrill ; to vibrate, or cause to 
vibrate ; to shudder ; to tingle. Cf. dirl, tirl. • 

Sc. Their valiant hearts were thirlit through Athir wi' uthir's 
spear, Jamieson Pop. Ballads ,1806) I. 245. Bch. Where now 
thy groans in dowy dens The yerd-fast stanes do thirle, Forbes 
.,4;i7.v (1742) 6. Dmb. Yon roof-tree, which had sae often dirled 
As Willie's gladsome voice around it thirled, Salmon Gowodean 
(1868) 27. Ayr. It thirl'd the heart-strings thro' the 
Burns Ep. to Lapraik (Apr. i, 1785) st. 3. N.Cy.', Nhb.i, Dur. 
(K.) Cum. Her e'en just thirl yen thro' and thro", Anderson 
Ballads (ed. 1808) 153; Cum.'^*, n.Yks.', w.Yks.', ne.Lan.' 
Chs. Much used amongst the colliers. . . When a man has bored, 
pierced, or otherwise made an opening or connection between a 
new and old working, he is said to have thirled, 5/!fn/'( 1878) I. 22; 
Chs.' Lin. Ray (1691) ; Lin.' Shr.' Gaffer, we'n thirled out o' 
our Top-end into Smith's Level to-day; Shr.' 

Hence (i) Thirler,5A. a man whose business it is to cut 
a passage in a mine ; (2) Thirling, (a) sb. a passage-way 
in a coal-mine; an opening for air; (b) ppl. adj. of the 
weather : piercingly cold. 

(i) n.Stf. (J.T.) 1,2, a) Nhb.i, Stf.', n.Stf. (J.T.) _ (A) n.Sc. 
(Jam.) Abd. I admire Fat comes o' fok 'at's scant o' fire; For 
really this night's thirlin', I never inaist fan sic a frost, Beattie 
Parings (1801) 28, ed, 1873. 

2. Phr. thirl the pill, obs., slide the bolt. e.Yks. (W.H.) 

3. Obs. To pass swiftly through a passage or door; ffen. 
with along. Dur., Yks. (K.) 4. To turn up, as the 
thatch of a roof by the violence of the wind. 

N.I.' The wun thirled the thatch las' nicht. 

5. sb. A hole ; an opening, esp. a sheep-hole in a fence ; 
a boring. 

Cai.' Cnm. Hutchinson Hist. Cum. (1794) I. 64; Cum.* 
Openings made between a pair of exploring places or drifts, for 
the purpose of ventilation. n.Yks. 'E saw a lot o' sheep, an' 
wantin' to go threw a thirl at yance, an' they got the'r 'eads stuck 
(F.P.T.). Lin.' Fetch a nail- passer, and make a thirl through this 

6. Comp. (i) Thirl-hole, (a) a sheep-hole in a wall or 
fence; (6) the hole into which the coulter of a plough is 
inserted ; (2) -pin, the pivot on which a door or gate turns. 

(i, o) n.Yks. Generally between moors and allotments (W.H.). 




(b) Lnk. (Jam.) {a) Cal.' In the old cottages the doors had no 
hinges, but at the- 'hanging side' had a bit of hard wood afiixcd 
which 'played' in hollows cut in the stone sill and lintel. The 
jamb at this side was merely to prevent draught, and at the 
'meeting' side for the same purposes as now. The name comes 
from the hollow, not from the pin or projection. 
7. A nostril. w.Yks.' See Nose-thyrl. 8. A thrill. 

Ayr. Yer sang . . . gied me a thirl. White Joltings (1879) 226. 
Edb. ' I kend that,' she said, with a thirl of gladness in her words, 
liEATiy Secrtlar (1897) 343. 

[1. OY.. Jiyrlian, to bore through, perforate, pierce, drill. 
5. pyrel, a hole, opening, aperture (Hall).] 

THIRL, i-.^ and sA.* Sc. Irel. n.Cy. N'hb. Cum. [fjsrl.] 

1. V. To attach by soine legal tie, esp. to bind by the 
terms of a lease to grind at a certain mill ; to subject to ; 
to be dependent on ; also used Jig. A dial, form of 
' thrall.' 

Sc. I'll no thirl myself to ony tradesman [I will not confine my 
custom to him, as if I were bound to do ilj (Jam.). Cat.' Abd. 
A kin' o' thirled to the vera rigs, Alexander yo/»;>ry Gibb (1871) 
xliv. Per. The inhabitants were not, of course, thirled to any 
particular tailor, as they used to be to a district mill, HAimuRToN 
Fteltis (1890) 125. e.Lth. Ye've been thirled to them a gey while 
noo. Hunter J. Inwick (1895) 78. Gall. This brother of mine, 
whom for love I served forty years as a thirled labourer serves fur 
his meat, Crockett S/«<i(/rt»rfBe(i«»- (1898) 36. Nhb. Richardson 
Boitlerei's Tabli-bk. (1846) VI. 240. 

Hence (i) Heart-thirled, arf/'. bound by the affections; 
(2) Thirlage, sb., obs., (a) thraldom, bondage ; the oblig.i- 
tion to grind corn at a particular mill ; the ' multure ' paid 
to the miller ; (b) obs., a mortgage; (3) Thirlageman, sb., 
obs., a man bound to grind his corn at a certain mill ; (4) 
Thirling-mill, .-.A. the mill to which the tenants of a certain 
district were bound to bring their corn. 

(i) Per. I've loved auld Scotland farowre lang. Heart thirled till 
her, Halibl-rton Horace (1886) 93. (2, a) Sc. (Jam.) Abd. The 
service of the miller was paid by ' thirlage,' or multure, the miller 
having the right to fix the quantity, which was generally about 
five percent, of the product milled, Ab</. ll'kh: Frte Press (Aug. 
18, 1900. s.Sc. 1 had a bit guid properly wi' a yearly rental o' 
forty merks guid siller, forby the thirlage o' the mill o' Meldrum, 
Wilson Tales (1839) V. 123. Gall. Eiicycl. (1824). 
N.I.' Thirlage [sir]. N.Cy.' Nhb.' Thirlage to this d.iy means 
that ser\ice of certain lands, the tenants of which arc bound to 
take their corn to grind at the lord's mill, Hodgson KJ'b. pt. ii. III. 
1 49. (6) Sc. The counsel are of opinion tliat you shouUi now beg i n 
to stir in the thirlage cause, Scott lieilg. (1824) ii. (3) Gall. 
While the thirlage men waited for their grist, Crockett Grey Man 
y 1896) XX. (4) Edb. How big a birn maun lie on bassie's back For 
meal and multure to the thirling mill, Fergusson Pocioi' (1773) 
164. ed. 1785. Gall. When mills in this country were rare . . . 
a few lairds subscribed to build and uphold a mill. . . All erected 
by such compactions are thirling mills, MACTAGGARTfi/yr/. (1824). 
Cum. Williamson Etymology (1849) 113. 

2. sb. Obs. The obligation to grind corn at a certain 
mill; the land the tenants of which were bound by such 
obligation ; a tenant bound in that manner. 

Sc. Plaguing themselves about baron's mills and thirls, Scott 
Pirate (1821) xi. Per. Malt and meal from the mill to which he 
was 'bound thirl,' Sarah Tvtler ll' (1897J 82. 

[1 (2, a). That he put to swylk thrillage, Barbour .BrKrt 
(:375l '• 101.] 

THIRL, tuij. Som. Dev. Cor. Also written therl 
w.Cy. ; therle Dev.' nw.Dev.' ; thirle Dev. ; thurl 
w.Soni.' Cor.'^* ; and in forms thirdle w.Som.' Dev. ; 
thorl Cor.; thorle, thurdle, thurrall Dev. [))3l ; }>3dl.J 
Ofpersons and animals: gaunt, lank, thin, hungry-looking; 
hungry ; of grain in the car: empty, shrivelled. 

w.Cy. Grose (1790). w.Som.' Dev. (Hall.v He was as thurrall 
as a greyhound. Reports Provinc. (1885) ; He's looking as thurdle 
as possible, ib. , 1887) ; Dev.' No wonder a look'th so therle. Wan 
a was bound out, a was a perty strugg'd boy, 15. n.Dev. Thy 
buzzom chucks were pretty vitty avorc tha mad'st tliyzel therle, 
E.\iii. ScolJ. (1746 1. 73; Grose (1790). nw.Dev.' Tlierle's a 
greyhound. Cor. Applied to a man or animal, and means that they 
are so thin that the belly and back are almost brought together, 
N. (j" Q. (1854) ist S. X. 440-1 ; Cor.' Our horse is very thirl ; 
Cor.^ He's looking quite thirl. I'm feeling very thirl ; Cor.^ 

Hence Thurdled, ppl. adj. meagre. 

Dev. Aw, poor blid ! 'e's a poor thurdled-stommickod thcng. 
Ldke's 'z'of 'e wuz 'a'f-starved, Hewett Peas. Sfi. '189a;. 

THIRL, THIRN, see ThorKe, They. 

THIRS, i/ii)i. pron. Sc. Nhb. Also in form thor's 
Nhb. These. Sec Thir, (/t//;. /ro/i. 

Sc. When ' thir' is used absolutely without a noun following, 
it generally becomes 'thirs': 'Thirs is meyne.' Murray Dial. 
(1873) 185. Nhb. Thor's is the fcm'lies o' Pharcz. KuusoN Bk. 
Ruth i860' iv. 18. 

THIRST, THIRSTLE, see Thurst, Thristle, sA.' 
THIRSTY, ixdj. Sc. Yks. Dor. Dev. t)>3rsti, J>asti.] 

Causing thirst. 

Fif. Slices of the thirsty ham, Tennant ./1mj/«- (1813; 8a, cd. 
1871. Dmf. It's a verra thirsty thing, that saut broth, Paton 
Castlebraes (1898) 15. w.Ylcs. (J.W.) Dor. Thirsty wark, thik 
there fun'ral, \\f.»^ Broken Arcs (1898I 33. e.Dev. A thirsty walk 
up and down terrible bad roads, Jane Lordship 1897' 2. 

THIRT, THIRTAUVER, see Thwart, Thwartover. 

THIRTEEN, sb. Obs. Irel. Also in form thirteener. 
An English shilling which was worth thirteen Irish pence 
at the time when the two currencies were dilVerent. 

If. With a bold thirteen in the treasury. Lover tlandy Andy 
'i842)xiv. N.I.' Uls. 67s. y™. yl»<r/j. (1853 6a) VI. 361. s.Ir. 
Golden guineas and lily-white thirteens, Croker Leg. (1862) 
308. Wxf. Each pupil to pay a thirteen to himself and a tester to 
the fiddler. Ke.snedv Banks Boro (1867; 133. 

THIRTINGILL, adj. Dor. Perverse, wrong-headed. 
See Thwart. 

If so be 1 hadn't been as scatter-brained and thirtingill as a chici, 
Hardy Greenwd. Tree (1872) I. 32. 

THIRTOVER, THIRZA, see Thwartover, Thursa. 

THIS, (/(/;;. pioii., dnii. adj. and adv. Var. dial, forms 
and uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and Amer. [tSis.] I. Dial, 

forms. I. (i) Dis, (2) Is, (3) 'S, (4) Tis. (5) Thus, (61 
Thush, (7) Uz. (81 Z. 

(ij Slul. Dis aft occurs, Ollason Mareel (1901) 19 ; S. & Ork.' 
Ker. They go dis way an' dat loike the wind, Bartram While- 
beaded Boy (1898) 131. Ken.^ /nirod. 6. (2) Cai. Horne Country- 
side {i8g6) 13. (3) I.W. PoorEIn was terble bad's morning, Gray 
Annesley (1889) I. 29. Dor.* Al 's dae. w.Som.' Dev. Reports 
Piovinc. (1886) 100. (4") Cum. What'n manishmcnt's 'tis, Gilpin 
Ballads (1874) 10. e.Lan.' Let tis be a warning. s.Laa.* (5) 
n.Cy. (Halu) n.Wil. Thus yer height uz like to a palm-tree. Kite 
Siig. Sol. (i860) vii. 7. (6, 7, 8) w.Som.' 
2. Genitive : Thises, Thisis, or This's. 

w.'Vks. Whoses thises? (/!■;. H.) Lei.' Henry's cat roon off wi' 
her an' took to her, but shay's thisis kitlin : ib. I loike this's head 
best. 27. War.'' I like this's book best, liitrod. 15, 

II. Dial. uses. 1. dent. pron. V\\t. [i] by this and thai, 
an expletive; (2) — here, (3I --here here, this one, this; 
(4) lo this and to that, to and fro, hither and thither; (5) 
what's this of it ? what's the meaning of this? what's the 
matter ? 

(i) Ir. By this and that, he's a whopper ! Lover Handy Andy 
(1842) xi. (2) Sc. (A.W.) w Yks. ' Which on 'em are to bahn to 
use ? ' ' This here 'at Ah hev ho'd on,' Leeds Aferc. Siippl. (Jan. 28, 
1899). e.Lan.', Not.' n. Lin.' Put this here i'to th' pantry, an' fling 
that theare i'to th' swill-bucket. Lei.', War. '3, Shr.' 50. Brks. 
This year be on'y filthy lucre, Hayden Round our yUl. t^igoi^ 29. 
e.An.2 Nrf. This here be my beloved, Gillett Sng. Sol. (1S60) v. 
16. n.Wil. Dcst about some ripping good ale, this yer, Jeeferies 
Amaryllis (1887) 179. Som. They'll lift their eyes to look up to a 
wold mill like this-here, Rav.mond Smoke, 148. [Amer. This 
hjeh's the bigges" meal I ever straddled, Fox yendelta { 1900' 81.] 
(3) w.Som.' What'sall this here here about ! (4) n.Dev. Swinpy to 
this and to that till 'twas giddy work keeping count o' they, Zack 
Dunstable IVeir (1901) 193. (5) Sc. What's this o't now, Mr. 
Sampson? this is waur than ever! Scott Guy M. (1815) xlvii. 
Per. ' What's this of it, Sibbic !' he called out wralhfully, Sarah 
Tvtler IVitch-wi/e {i&gf) ^8. Arg. Mercy on us! what's this of 
it \ MuNRO Shoes 0/ Fort. (1901) 279. 

2. Coinp. This-ward, in this direction, this way. 

Som. God's good angels coom this-ward in a many different 
forms ' Leith Lemon Verbena (1895) 179. 

3. This person, he. 

s Lan.' His feyther would no' ha' stood sighin' an' yammerin' 
as this does. 




4. This time. 

Sh.I. Whaar's du been aa dis? Spence Flk-Loie (1899) 23. 

5. dein. adj. Thesa. 

n Sc. Tliis things, Scoluisms {i-jif) 93; Murray i)m/. (1873) 184. 

6. Used with sing, or //. nouns denoting time : for, for 
the space of. 

Per. Ye'se no wag yer pow in a poopit this mony a day, 
Cleland Iiiclibracken (1883) 107, ed. 1887. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) 
e.Lan.^ It has rained every day this three weeks. s.Lan.^ Aw 
hannot yerd owt oil Iiim this four yer. Glo.' 1 haven't seen him 
tiiis years. w.Som.' Aay bae'un kau'meen au"m-z wik- [1 be not 
coming home this week— i.e. for a week]. Aay aant uzee-d-n-z 
tue* ur dree' daiz [I have not seen him these two or three days]. 
Dev. He've a-worked to Woodgate in and out 's ten year, Reports 
Proviiic. (1886) 100. 

7. Phr. (i) this-a-road or ihissa road, (2) — a-voayis, 
away(s, or ihissa-ivay, this way, this direction ; this 
manner ; gen. used advb. ; (3) — gale'yS, thus, in this way ; 
(4 1 — here, this ; (5) — here away or here nmy, this way, in 
this direction ; (6) — how, see (3) ; (7) — now, just now ; 
(8) — side, less than; (9) —time, at present; see befow ; 
(10) — wlule (back, some time ago, for some time. 

(i) s.Chs.' 70. (2) Ir. He went on thissa way for em ever so 
long (A.S.-P. ). s.Ir. Don't ruinate me this-a-way. Lover Leg. 
(1848) II. 322. w.Yks.' s.Chs.' Thissa way, 70. Not.' s.Not. 
He jubt touched the boss with the whip on th' off side agen the 
collar to mek 'im tunn this-away (J.P.K.). n.Lin.' Tlioo should 
do it e' this-a-ways, sitha, not e' that how. sw.Lin.' It's a mucky 
trick to serve a man this-a-way. Rut.' Lei.' Sane ivver a little 
doog this-au'ee ? War.''^ Wor. It be a lot nigher tliis away 
(H.K.). (3) Cum.'* Cum., Wm. Nicolson (1677) Tnms. R. 
Soc. Lit. (1868) IX. ne.Lan.i (4) w.Yks. I'll tell yo' a stooary 
abaat him an' this here church, Hartlev Clock Ahii. (18871 g, in 
Leeds Merc. Siifipl. 'Jan. 28. 1899) ; t)is iar as wonts a lot a tlianin, 
Wright Grant. M'liillill. (1892) 124. Lan. This here 'titus is awful 
when it gets a real hold on ye, Francis Yeoman Fleelwood (ed. 1900) 
214. s.Lan.'This-here ale's noan wo'th bally-reawm. s.Chs.' This 
here cai dunna doe upo' th' same meat as that theer, 70. Der. 
He'll niver stir out o' this here beast o'a wood a' his da3's,OuiDA 
Puck I ed. 1901) V. nw.Der.',Lin.',se.Lin. (J.T.B.) War.' Iiihoc/. 
15. Brks.' 7. Lon. This here thing, Horae Stibsecivae (1777) 4. 
Cmb.'This-here bread's as sad as lead. Nrf. (E.M.) Suf. There's 
r.o other thief in this here company that 1 knows on, Betham- 
EuwARDS Lord (if Harvest (1899) 250. Ken.' That there man was 
a sittin' on this-'ere wery chair. Sur. It'll never drain so dip as 
that through this here clay, Hoskyns Talpa (1852) 18, ed. 1857; 
Sur.' Dor. Us never seed un leave this here kitchen, Hare As 
IVe Sow (1897) 154. Som. You don't hold wi' thishere putten 
all the power into the ban's o' Popery, do ee ? Raymond Love and 
Quiet Life (1894) 46. w.Som.' ' Dhiish* yuur.' This — indefinite. 
Dliiish" 3'uur uyur oa'n due* ; ee miis bee u-au'lturd [This iron 
will not do ; he must be altered]. The use of this phrase, not as 
an actual demonstrative, is quite common, and implies something 
new, as 'They tell me this here perforated sine is better'n lattin.' 
' This here mowing o' wheat idn a quarter so good's the old- 
farshin reapin.' Dev. Now this j-er chap all smart was dressed, 
PuLMAN Sketches (1842) 12, ed. 1853. Cor. Werry too, Weth 
ritin' this here noat to you, Daniel Budget. 20. [Amer. This 3'er 
mountain's too good for such as us, Buaulev I'lrginia 1^1897; 149.] 
(5) n.Lin.' I can't saay wheare he is, bud he's sumwheare this 
here awaay. [Amer. Z>m/. A'oto (1896) I. 237.] (6) w.Yks. (J. W.) 
Not. You see he war standing a this-how iL.C.M.l. s.Not. How 
ever did yer dirty yersen this 'ow? (J.P.K.) sw.Lin' When I 
put my leg this how. (7) Ir. Where I'm resting this now. Barlow 
Ghost-bereft (,1901) 55. (8; Ess.' A mile this side. (91 w.Yks. 
( J.W.) Chs.' 'Not this time, thank you,' the usual way of declining 
to take any more food at meal limes. (10) s.Sc. I hae been 
thinkin o' something very particular concerning you and me 
this while back, Wilson Tales (1839) V. 84. Ayr. This while ye 
hae been mony a gate. Burns Deatli and Dr. Hornbook, st. 11 ; 
Ye've heard this while how I've been licket, ib. Poem to Mr, 
Mitchell [Dec. 1795) St. 5. 

8. adv. So. 

Ir. Whatever brought you this far? Barlow Shamrock (1901) 
57. n.Yks. About this hJKh (l.W.i. w.Yks. O-W.l, War.= 

THISAN, THISELN, see Thisn, Thy'sen. 

THISEN, THISENEY, see This, Thisneys. 

THISHNEYS, THISM, sec Thisneys, Thissum. 

THISN, deni. prun. n.Cy. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. Der. 
Not. War. Wor. Ilrf. Sur. Also written thisan n.Cy. 

Cum.*; thisen ne.Lan.' ; thissan n.Lan.; thissen n.Ylcs.'' 
w.Yl<s. Der. se.Wor.' ; thissun Wm. Hrf. ; this un Cum. ; 
thisun Sur.; and in form tis'n Cum.' [Si'san.] This, 
tliis one. Cr. thatn. 

n.Cy. (Hall. I, Lakel.^ Cum. Send me a tail for thisan, 
Dickinson CuniOr. (ed. 1876J 60; This un t'lads uset to caw 
t'lang walloper, JV. C. T. X. (1894) 18; Cum.'; Cum." Pref. 28. 
Wm. In a neeak sic ez thissun, Spec. Dial. (1880) pt. ii. 29. 
n.Yks.2 w.Yks. Wheea's thissen 'at cums eouet o' 't wilderness' 
Littledale Crav. Sug. Sol. (1859) iii. 6. n.Lan. We sud put off 
thissan, Lonsdale Mag. (July 1866) i8. ne.Lan.' Der. I'd niver 
heard tell o' thissen, Vernev Stone Edge (1868) xxv; Az fur az 
this'n, Robinson Sammy Twitcher (1870) 8. Not. Thisn's a nice- 
actioned pretty little mouse, Vk\o\i. Forest Flk. (1901) 94. s.Not. 
'E wanted this'n (J.P.K.). War.=,se.Wor.' Hrf. Bou.nd Provinc. 
(1876); Hrf.' Sur. I'd give it j-e for being late loike thisun, 
BicKLEY Sur. Hills (1890) Li. 

THISNA, (/(';;;. pron. and adv. Yks. Also written 
thisne w.Yks.' [Si-sna.] 1. dem. pron. This, this one. 
n.Yks." 2. adv. After this manner. w.Yks.' 

THISNESS, sb. e.An.' [Sisnss.] This way, this 
manner; also used firft^A. SeeAthisn(s; cf. thatntss. 

THISNEYS, adv. e.An. Also in forms Ihiseney 
e.An.' ; thishneys e.An.'^ [tSi'ssni.] Thus, so, in this way. 
e.An.'^ Suf. Raven //«/. S«/ (1895) 266. Cf. thatn a. 

THISN(S, adv. n.Cy. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Lei. Nhp. 
War. Shr. e.An. Also written thissen Lan.' nw.Der.' ; 
Ihissens Lan.' nw.Der.'; and in form i'this'ns s.Lan.' 
[t)is3n(z.] In this waj', in this manner, so. See Athisn(s ; 
cf. thatn(s, thusns. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790J MS. add. (M.) Lan.', s.Lan.', Chs.'^, Der. 
(L.W.), nw.Der.', Not.', Lei.', Nhp.', War.= 3, Shr.i = , e.An.' 

THISSEN, see Thisn, Thisn(s. Thysen. 

THISSUM, dem. pron. GIo. Ilnip. w.Cy. WiL Also 
written thism Glo.^ [Si'sani.] 1. This. 

GI0.12 Hmp. Wise Niw Forest (1883) 190; Hmp.' w.Cy. 
(Hall.) Wil. Britton Beauties 1 1825); Wil.' .s.v. Pronouns). 
2. These. Glo." 15. 

THISTERDAY, adv. s.Chs." In form thisterdee. 
[Si'stsdI.] Yesterday. 

22 ; We won o' the randy thisterdee (s.v. Randy). 

THISTLE, sb. Var. dial, uses in Sc. and Eng. Also 
in form thizzel I.W.' [}>i'sl.] 1. In conip. (i) Thistle- 

burr, a tliistle-liead; (2) -cock, the corn-bunting, Eniberiza 
nuliaria; (3) -finch, the goldfinch, Cardiielis elegans; (4) 
•hemp, obs., a var. of hemp which was early ripe; (5) 
-liook, a hook for cutting down thistles; (6) -puke, a 
donkey ; (7) -spitter, an instrument with which to root 
up thistles ; (8) take, obs., a duty paid to the Lord of the 
Manor; see below; (9) -top, thistledown. 

(i) w.Yks. Th' name, je'll mark, stuck to him like a thistle-burr, 
SuTCLiFFE Moor and Fell (1899) 13. (2) Or.I. Swainson Bitds 
(1885) 69 ; S. & Ork.' (3)Slg. From its fondness for thistle seeds, 
Swainson lA. 58. vr.Wor. Berroiv's Jrn. (Mar. 3, 1888). Nrf.CozENS- 
Hardy Broad Nrf. (1803) 51. (4) n.Cy. Grose (1790) MS. add. 
(P.) Der.' (5) Nlib. Wielding such elegant tools as a fork, thistle- 
hook, or a hoe, Graham Red Scaur (1896) 173. (6) Sur. You do 
not catch the asinus harmonious, grass-organ, thistle puke, or 
besweet — all these names are given to that animal in our rural 
district — eating thistles when he can get better food, Son of 
.Marshes On Sur. Hills (1891) 24. {7) I.W.' (8) Chs. A duty of 
D half-penny, antiently paid to the Lord of the Manour of Halton 
. . . for every beast driven over the common, suffered to graze or 
eat but a thistle, Bailey (1721); Chs.' In 1375 there was an 
officer called the taxator, who was to take an account of the swine 
feeding in the lord's woods, and to receive the pannage due for 
them. This year the sums received for pannage, thistle-take, 
and the perquisites of the halmote were twenty-two pence for 
the pannage and thistle-take, and thirteen shillings and three 
pence for the Court perquisites ; Chs.^^ (9) Dmf. The saft thistle- 
tap lines the gowdspinks 'ha', Cromek Remains (1810) 113. 
2. The burdock, Arctium Lappa. Dev.* 

THISTRILL, THITE, see Taistrel, Theat, adj. 

THITER, .s/a' Lin. A manure-cart. (Hall.), Lin.' 

THITER, sb.^ n.Cy. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.) A foolish fellow ; an idiot. (Hall.) 

THITHER, adv. Obs. n.Yks'^ Further off. Hence 
Thitherest, adv. furthest of}'. 




THITTING, s/>. Lin. [jji'tin.] An unpleasant story 
concerning a person, not told but lieUI over hiin as 
a threat. n.Lin. It was a tliitting I ahis held ower him (.M.P.\ 

THIVEL, sA. So. Nhb. Dur. I.akel. Yks. Lan. Also 
written theivil .Sc. (J.x.m.) ; thivle Dur.'; thyvel Dur. 
Lake!.' Cum."'' Wm. w.Yks. ; thyvil W'ni. ; and in forms 
theevil Sc. ; thevil, thieval Frf. ; thivvle m.Yks.' 
Ifjaivl ; Jjivl, {>ivl.] 1. A smooth stick or spatula, used 
to stir porridge, &c. See Thible. 

Sc, n.Sc. (Jam.') Abd. Soup ladles and thecvils, Ogg ffi/Af 
/Fn/y(i873) 60; The thivel on the pottape pan, Ross Heleiiore 
(1768) Sng. 29a. ed. Nimmo. Frf. The stall' was very short, nearly 
a foot having been cut. . . from the original, of which to make a 
porridge thieval, Barrie Thrums (1895) vi ; Her ladle was a 
ikull, . . A shank her thevil too, Lowson Giiul/ollou' (1890- 332. 
e.Fif. Ye'U may be get a blenter i' the side o' the head wi' the 
theevil, Latto Tani Bcilkin (1864) x.vviii. Ayr. (Jam.), n.Cy. 
(J.L. 1783), (K.), N.Cy.'=, Ntib.» Dur. A little wee winky-spinky 
pipe thing nee bigger than a thyvel, Ecglestone Belly Poifkiiis' 
I'isil (1877) 10. Dur.', Lakel.'^ Cum.'; Cuni.^ Her man — 
a durty tike — Wad bray her wid a besom-sticI<, a thyvel or sec 
like, 69; Cum.* Wm. Tak t'thyvil an' stir t'gruel (B.K.). 
e.'Wm. (J.M.), n.Yks.23, n.Vks.* (s.v. Thauvel;, m.Yks.' w.Yks. 
Lucas 5/«(/. NiMerc/ale (c' 1882) 26. ne.Lan.' 

2. Cowp. (i) Theivil-pain, (2) -shot, a pain in the side ; 
see below. 

(i) Sc. It most prob. received its name from the idea that it is 
owing to the stomach being overcharged with that food which is 
prepared by means of the theivil. I have heard that it is thus 
denominated, because confined to a particular spot, as if one had 
received a stroke on it by a theivil, or some similar instrument 
(Jah.I. (3) Ags. (i'4.) 

3. Phr. (i) rt queer stick to make a thivel of, said of an 
awkward person ; (2) to lick a thivel, to suffer poverty, to 
verge on starvation. 

(i) N.Cy.', Dur.', ne.Lan.' (3) Cum.3 She'll lick a thyvel 'at 
weds you, 203. 

4. A cudgel. 

Sc. For a tliivel they did use A sturdy stump o' knotty spruce, 
John o' Ariiha in Mackay. 

[1. Thyuil, ni/iiciila, Levins Maitip. (1570).] 

THIVELESS, see Thieveless. 

THIXLE, sb. n.Cy. Yks. Der. Also written thicksell 
w.Yks.^ ; and in forms thizle Der.' nw.Den' ; thyzle 
n.Cy. nw.Der.' [)>i'ksl.J A cooper's adze. 

n.Cy. Gkose .17901 MS. add. i P. ) w.Yks.*, Der.'*, nw.Der.' 

[Thyxyl, instrument, ascia (Prompt.). OHG. dehsala, 
ascia./erriim coitferloriiim (Graff).] 

THIZLE, THIZZEL, see Thixle, Thistle. 

THO, adv. Dor. Som. Dev. Cor. Also written thoa 
Dev. [tJo.] Then, at that time. 

Dor. Havnes Voc. (c. 17301 in A^. & Q. (1883) 6th S. viii. 45. 
Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). e.Som. I couldn't go 
Iho, but I went afterwards, 'W. & J. Gl. (1873I. w.Som.' We 
bide tcllin' ever so long, and tho I looked to my watch, and zced 
we 'adn a-got nit a minute to lost, vor to catch the train. Her 
told'n he should have his money, but her 'adn a got it tho. Dev. 
Her comed tho', vur I zeed 'er, Hewett P^ni. Sp. (1892); He 
went on a little way and tho he turned round. Reports Froviiic. 
('885). n.Dev. Gar, a was woundy mad thoa, E.xiti. Crishp. 
('746)1.35'- nw.D«v.' Cor. A', tr O. (1854) ist S. x. 440 ; Cor.' 

[ To doon obsequies, as was tho the gyse, Chaucer C T. 
A. 993. OE./'(i, then.] 

THOAL, THOAN, see Thole, v., Thone. 

THOBTHRUSH,THOClK, see Throbthrush, Thic(k. 

THOCK, v. Nhb. [)jok.] To breathe heavily or pant 
with exertion. 

Here cums little Andra Karr, . . thockin and blowin, Bewick 
Tynebide Tales (1850) 10 ; Nhb.' 

THOCK, THOCT, THOD, see Thack, v.', Thought, 
Thud, v.^ 

THODDEN, adj. n.Cy. Lan. Chs. Der. [fodan.] 
Sodden; iieavj', solid, close; tough; not sufficiently baked. 

n.Cy. ^Hall.) Lan. Twur as thodd'n as a tharcakc, Tim 

Bobbin yiew Dial. (ed. 1740'' 31 ; Lan.' Childer, drinkin' nowt 

strunger than churn-milk, till their bones are gradcly set an' their 

flesh as thoddcn as leather, Brierley Abo'-lh'- Yale Lond. (1869) 


64. s.Lan.' Chs.' Heavy bread is described as thodden. A 
waxy, watery potato is also thodden. nw.Der.' 

THOER, THOF(E, see Thir, dem. pron.. Though. 

THOFF, <o/;7. Lin.' [«of.] Than if. 

It's better tliotl he came. 

THOFF, see Though. 

THOFFER, adv. and conj. Nrf. Suf. Also in form 
thaffer Suf. Therefore, because. (E.G.P.), (Hall.) 

THOFT, sb. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Lin. Also in form thaft 
Sc. (Jam.) Cai.' N.Cy.' [|)oft ; faft.] The cross-bench in 
a boat ; the seat for the rowers. Cf taft. 

Sc. (Jam.) Sh.I. In a boat the thoft where the mast stands is 
called the sailing thoft (J. S.). Cai.', N.Cy.', Nbb.', n.Yk«.« Lin. 
Streatfeild Liu. and Danes (1884) 371. n.Lin.' 

[Oli. /o//, a rower's bench (Sweet).] 

THOFT, THOFTIN, see Think, Though, Toft. Toftin. 

THOIGHT, THOIL, see Thwite, Thole, v. 

THOKISH, adj. Obs. e.An. Slothful, sluggish, idle, 
slow, dull. 

e.An.' Nrf. Browne IVks. (c. 1682) III. 233, ed. Bohn ; Ray 
(169.): (K.) 

THOKY.arf/ Obs. Lin. Slothful, sluggish. (Hall., 
s.v. Thokish.) 

THOLE, V. and si.' Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Lakel. Yks. 
Lan. Stf. Der. Also written thoal w.Yks.' ; and in Ibrms 
thoil Lakel.» m.Yks.' w.Yks.' Lan.; thooal n.Yks.* 
s.Lan.'; thool Lakel.*; thoyl w.Yks.*; thwole Cum.'* 
s.Lan.'; thwooal Lan.; tola Sh.I. [^51, \>os\. w.Yks. 
Jjoil.] 1. V. To bear, sufl'er, endure, tolerate. Cf taal. 

Sc. Weel may yon boatie row or my craig'll have to thole a 
raxing. Stevenson Caln'ona 1893) xiii. Sh.L Stewart Tales 
(1892 24. Cai.' Kcd. He had aften to thole for ithers' fauts 
The dominie's sairest raps. Grant Lays (1884I 117. Per. Nae 
mair I'll thole Tib's haughty pride and scorn, Spence Poems 
(1898) 38. s.Sc. (A.C.) Ayr. How they maun thole a factor's 
snash. Burns Twa Dogs (1786) 1. 96. e.Ltli. Dree oot the inch 
whan ye've tholed the span. Hunter J. Jnicici (1895) 221. Edb. 
This was a sore joke against me . . . but I tholed it patiently, 
MoiR Mamie IVatich (1828) xii. Slk. The warst has some 
rcdeemin quality that enables me to thole it without yaumcrin, 
Chr. North Nodes (ed. 1856) III. 55. Dnif. The landlord of the 
Boar Submits to thole their wicked roar A little time, for sake o' 
gain, Shennan Talcs (1831) 44. Kcb. He had a perfect horror o' 
saip an' water, an' couldna thole to cheingc his claes, Trotter 
Gall. Gossip (1901) 41. N.L' UIs. Me, that can't thole the taste 
of whisky, Hamilton Bog (1896) 36. Ant. A can hardly thole 
the pain o' my finger, Ballyniena Obs. (^1892). Dwn. A cannae 
thole ye! Savage-Armstrong Ballads (1901) 71; (C.H.W.) 
S.Don. Simmons Gl. ;i89o\ N.Cy." Nhb.' Aa canna thole nee 
langer. Lakel.', Cum.'*^* Wm. Nicolson (1677) 7"r<j«j. /?. Sor. 
Lit. (1868) IX. n.Yks.'; n.Yks.* Bad usage is ill to thole. 
m.Yks.' w.Yks.' I cud not thoal him at onny sike figure; 
w.Yks. 3 Lan. I cannot thooal th' seet on 'ein, Francis Daughter 
0/50/7(1895)299; Lan.', s.Lan.', Stf.' Der. (K.) ; Grose(I79o"; 
Der.'=, nw.Der.' 

Hence (i) Tholeable, adj. bearable, tolerable; (2) 
Tholeless, adj. soft, wanting energy; not adaptable, 
nearly useless ; (3) Tholemoody, adj. patient ; (4) Thole- 
sum, adj., see (i) ; (5) Tholeweel, sb. in phr. a haporlh o' 
thole-weel, an' a peiiitorth o' niver-let-ou-yc-hae-it, used as 
a recommendation for the cure of a trifling ailment. 

(i) Sc. (Jam.1 Lnk. A tholable calamity. Murdoch Headings 
(1895 II. 96. (21 Cnm.* (3) n.Sc. Ruddiman Introd. (1773) 
(Jam.). Bwk., Rxb. (<».) (4) Fif. (Jam.) ; A', i- Q. (1871) 4th S. 
viii. 156. (5^/ N.L' 

2. To allow, permit, admit of ; to require, stand in need of, 
Sc. He wad thole a mends, he would require to be reformed, or 

require a change to the better (Jam.). e.Fif. This was a thing they 
cudna an' wadna thole upon ony accoont, Latto 7am Bodkin 
(1864) i. s.Sc. ' It'll thole a drap mair waiter,' it will bear to be 
farther diluted [of punch]. 'Od woman, yer goun's owr side.' 
' I daursay it is ; it wad thole to hac a piece taen afl" the boddura,' 
A'. & Q. (1871) 4th S. viii. 156. Nhb.' Used also in rallying one 
whose person or character requires improvement. ' We can aa 
thole amends.' 'Wm. (B.K.) 

3. To wait, stay, hold out ; to defer or deny oneself of 
a requirement ; often in phr. to thole a ivee, or a while. 

Sc. (Jam. Frf. You had better cross, dominie, and thole out the 





nicht wi' us, Babrie Minisler (1891) xxxv. Per. I do bid them 
thole a while Till ance the spring come in again, Nicol Poems 
(i;66 58. s.Sc. Ye'll juist hae to thole a wee till I get my breeks 
on, Wilson Tales (18391 V. 95. Dmb. I ken this is nae pleasant 
tune, But thole a wee, I'se soon hae done, Taylor Poems (1827) 
105. Hdg. Great is our drouth — but thole a wee, Lumsden Poems 
(18961 7. N.Cy.' Nhb.i 'No, thank ye; aa think aa can thole.' 
Stf.' Der. Thole a while, Ray (1691) ; Der.'^ 

4. To spare willingly ; to aftord ; to bestow cheerfully 
and ungrudgingly ; gounen. 

Lakel.'^ m.Yks.' Thoil us a shilling. An old miser, he can 
thole nobody nought. w.Yks.' I cannot thole t'horse at onny sike 
price. I could thole him t'meat out o' my mouth; w.Yks.' He's 
thoiled to pay me at last ; w.Yks.^ She can't thoil her to you ; 
w.Yki.'' ; w.Yks.* He'll thoil thee nowt depend on't, when he 
couldn't thoil his awan nevvy's barn t'whoal apple when he went 
to ax him for a fairing, bud baat on't afoar he gav t'poor barn it. 
Lan. Aw conno thwooal hur . . . under a ginney, TiM Bobbin 
View Dial. (ed. 1760) 30. s.Lan.i 

Hence Tholer, sb. a liberal giver. 

m.Yks.i He's a rare tholer. 

5. Phr. (i) to thole an assise or a trial, to stand a trial ; 

(2) — o^ (nl to admit of a part being taken oft"; (b) to be 
sufficiently warm without some particular article of dress; 

(3) —on, (a) to sufler or wait patiently; (61 to admit of 
anything being laid or put on; (4) — through, to 'pull 
through ' an illness, &c. ; (5) — /o, («) to admit the addition 
of; (A) to admit of anything being shut. 

(i)Sc. (Jam.); Putin surefirmanceuntillhehavetholedan assize, 
Skene Difficill IVds. (1681) 12 ; (A.W.) Dmb. The wretched man 
had 'tholed his assize 'and could not have been tried again, Strang 
Lass of Lennox (1899) 302. (2 a, b) Abd. (Jam.) (3, a) Cai.i 
(6) Abd. (Jam.) (4) Frf. She is 'on the mend,' she may ' thole 
thro,' if they take great care of her, Barrie M. Ogilvie (1896) 35. 
(5 a, b) Abd. (Jam.) 

6. To advantage, benefit ; to be to one's gain. 

Sh.I. At wan time, in fack, ye wir compell'd ta bluid your fish, 
an' hit wid be tolin da fish curers if dey wid pit dat law in forse 
noo, Sh. A^ews (Nov. 12, 1898); We say to a person 'it wid be 
tolin de ' if a certain thing happened or a certain course were 
adopted (J.S.). 

7. sb. A disposition, esp. a generous one; a free wish 
to give ; liberality, generosity. 

m.Yks.l He's no thoil in 'im. I know his thoil. w.Yks. He hes 
a poor thoil. Banks Wkjld. Wds. (1865) ; w.Yks. ^ ' He gave it with 
a thoil,' i.e. willingly ; w.Yks. ' Noa thoil in him. e.Lan. Buniley 
Express (June i, 1901). 

[1. OE. poliatt, to suff'er, hold out, endure (Sweet).] 

THOLE, s6.« Sc. Ess. I.W. 1. One of the two short 
handles of a scythe. Ess. (E.L.), Ess.' 2. Co«;/i. Thole- 
pin, (i) a peg to fasten a double door ; (2) the pin that goes 
into the shafts of the roller by which the horse draws. 

(i) Frf. He reached up to the thole-pin which kept the loft 
folding-door in position, Inglis Ain Flk. (1895^ 115. (2) I.W.' 

[Cp. OE./o/,/o//, an oar-peg, rowlock (Sweet).] 

THOLTER, s6. Irel. Cross-ploughing. Uls. (M.B.-S.) 
Cf. thwarter, 6. 

THOLTHAN, THOM, see Thalthan, Thumb. 

THOMAS, sb. Sc. Lakel. Yks. Lan. Chs. War. Also 
in forms Tammas Sc. ; Tummus s.Lan.' Chs.'; Tummuz 
Chs.* [to'mas ; talmas, tu'mas.] 1. In comb, (i) 

Thomas's gifts, gifts given on St. Thomas's Day (Dec. 21) ; 
see below ; (2) -tit, the blue tit, Pariis caenileus ; (3) 
Tummus-an'-Meary, broad Lan. dialect ; also used atlrib. 

(0 n.Yks. They had gone out ' St. Thomasing,' that is, visiting 
the farmhouses on St. Thomas's Day and asking ' Thomas's gifts.' 
These were usually pieces of ' pepper-cake ' (or the customary thick 
ginger bread), with perhaps a modicum of cheese or a bite of cake, 
or maybe a few halfpence, Atkinson Moorl. Parish (1891) 379. 
(2) War.^ (3) s. Lan. • The name of the famous comic idyl written 
by John Collier (Tim Bobbin), died 1786. 'Tummus an' Meary 
mak' o' talk'; the persons who speak it are said to be ' talkin' 

2. The puffin, Fralercula ardica. Nai. Zoologist (1850) 
VIII. 2908. 3. A toad. Chs.'a 4:. pi. Heavy clogs. 
Lakel.^ w.Yks.* [to-masa(r).] A gift given 
on St. Thomas's Day (Dec. 21). 

When the children solicit coppers they ask, perhaps, ' if yo 
serve Thomasers ' (s.v. Thommasin'). 

THOMASING, vbl. sb. Yks. Stf Der. Not. Lin. Rut. 
Lei. Nhp. War.Wor. Shr. Brks. Also written Thomassing 
Not. sw.Lin.'; and in form Tummasin Shr.' [tomasin.] 

1. Going from house to house begging on St. Thomas's 
Day (Dec. 21) ; see below; also in comp. St. Thomasing. 
Gen. in phr. going a Thomasing. Cf gooding. 

n.Yks. They had gone out ' St. Thomasing,' that is, visiting the 
farmhouses on St. Thomas's Day and asking ' Thomas's gifts,' 
Atkinson Moorl. Parish (1891) 379. w.Yks. The widows ask and 
commonly receive at the farmers' house a small measure of wheat, 
and they call it 'going a Thomasing,' Henderson /^//t-Z.oir (1879) 
66-7 ; w. Yks.^ It is still the custom for children to go about on that 
day. In Mr. Scott's days, at Woodsome Hall, a sack of wheat stood 
at the door, with a pint measure. All comers who chose to take it 
were served witha pint of wheat, supposed to be for frumenty. The 
same custom, in a different form, was followed at the Wood 
afterwards. There they gave pennies to Almondbury people, 
a halfpenny each to children, but Farnley folk had twopence. 
Wheat also was given away. Stf. The old women went a 
Thomassing. Wrapped up in their poor old shawls or cloaks they 
went to the houses of the better to do, to get a dole on December 
2ist. Their old rhyme delivered, often with toothless elocution, 
was this : ' Well-a-day, well-a-day, St. Thomas goes too soon 
away. Then your gooding we do pray. For the good time will not 
stay. St. Thomas grey, St. Thomas grey, The longest night and 
the shortest day, Please toremember St. Thomas Day,' The Chronicle 
(Feb. 22, igoi). Der. (L.W.), nw.Der.' Not. It's a many year sin' 
I first come here aThomassin'(L.C. M.). n.Lin.', sw.Lin. (R.E.C.), 
sw. Lin.', Rut.' Lei.' Old women are the usual performers. Nhp.' 
War.°; War.* To go a Thomasing was one of the customs of the 
widows and old unprovided for women in the village in which they 
were born. Alms and food were given to them by the well-to-do 
inhabitants. Wor. ' We be come a Thomasin.' Village children 
at my house ai Dec. 1901. They sang hymns, but did not know 
the old Thomasing begging rhyme (E.S.I. s.Wor.' Shr. Borne 
Flk- Lore {i&n^) xxix ; Shr.', Brks. (W.H.Y.) 

2. St. Thomas's Day, Dec. 21. 

War.3 Next Thomasin' 'uU be time enough, B'ham IVtly. Post 
(Apr. 29, 1899). 

THOMASMAS, sb. Sh.L In form Tammasmas. The 
least of St. Thomas, Dec. 21 ; also used altrib. 

This is Tammasmas E'en, and the day following is Tammasmas 
Day, in which no manner of work can be done. ' Da bairn i' da 
midder's wime '111 mak' woeful dol. If wark be wrought on 
Tammasmas night. Five nights afore Yule,' Spence Flk-Lore 
(1899) 197. 

THOMELLETOE, THOMSON, see Thummel-toe, 

THON, dent. pron. and dem. adj. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. 
[Son.] That, 'yon'; yonder. 

Sc. Ca' thon a leddy ? Stevenson CatHona (1893) i ; ' Thon' is 
used to identify an object remote from both [speakers]. . . ' Thon' 
isalike in both numbers, Murray /)/Vi/. (1873) 179; Thys is meyne, 
that's yoors, but quhae's auwcht thon? ib. 186. Abd. (A.W.) 
Ayr. A farmer's wife going for to buy an article like thon, John- 
ston Congallon (1896) 114. Edb. Was thon the best you can do? 
Campbell Dcilie Jock (1897) 27. N.L' Uls. There's aye good 
reason when a girl stays away from a bit o' sport like thon, 
Hamilton Bog (1896) 13. Dwn. Tae watch thon birdies' crests 
o' green And red throats glisten, Savage-Armstrong Ballads 
(1901)14. S.Don. Simmons G/. (1890). Nhb.' Whe's thon ? Do 
ye see thon hoose ower there ? Nhb., Dur. About Shields and as 
far south as Teesdalc, Murray Dial. (1873) 186. 

THON, see Then, adv. 

THONDER, adv. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Chs. Fit. Nhp. War. 
Shr. Hrf. e.An. Also in forms thander Chs.'^ War. Shr.' 
Hrf; thender Fit. Nhp.'; thinder e.An.'; thonner Ir. 
[tSo'nd3(r; Sanda(r).] Yonder. Also used as (7(^'. and //o;;. 

Hdg. Two beautiful girl winches standing down thonder in the 
passage, Lumsden Sheep-head (1892) 295. N.I.' Dwn. A hae a 
wee terrier dug thonner at hame, Lvttle Baltycuddy (1892) 62. 
S.Don. Simmons Gl. (1890). Nhb. Haldane Geordy's Last (1878) 
15; Nhb.' Chs.'; Chs.^ ' Wheere's our Dick?' ' Crewdling in 
thander corner ; ' hiding away in yon corner. s.Chs.' Dhondur)z 
li priti gild ky'aay. Fit. (T.K.J.; Nhp.' He lives over thender. 
War. (Hall.) Shr.' hilrod. 50. Hrf. Thander one is the man, 
Bound Provinc. (1876). e An ' 




THONDILL, sb. Obs. ne.Yks.' A measure of land ; 

see below. 

Plots of ploughing land on unenclosed commons seem to have 
formerly been of three sizes, 'broads/ ' narrows,' and 'thondills.* 
the last-named being intermediate to the other two, and about 
tlirec roods in extent. 

THONE, adj. n.Cy. Diir. Yks. Lan. Der. Lin. Lei. 
Nhp. War. Shr. Gio. Nrf. Ken. Also written thoan 
s.Lan.' ; and in forms thooan s.Lan.'; thwooan Lan. 
Damp, moist, wet ; soft from dampness. Cf thane, adj. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790) ; P. R.) Dur. (K.) w.Yks.= ' It's thooan 
land, 'used to express the quality of land. s.Lan.' Midi. Makshall 
Riir. Ecoii. (1796) II. Der.' Obs., Der.*, nw.Der.' Lin. Ray 
(i69i);Lin.' Lei. (K.); Lei.' Applied to corn, soil, &c. 'Some 
on it's a good bit thone.' 'It's a'most to' thone to groind.* Nhp.' 
Corn is said to be ' thone,' whether in the rick or after it is threshed, 
if it be too moist for grinding ; Nhp.^, War.» Shr.' Said of corn, 
and of heavy, clammy bread. GIo. (E.M W.) e.Nrf. Marshall 
Riir. Ecoii. (1787). Ken. Ray (1691) MS. add. (J.C.) 

Hence (i) Thone-wheat, sb. wheat not dry enough for 
grinding; (2) Thonish, adj. damp, wettish ; (3) Thony, 
adj. damp, moist, soft. 

(i) Wor. (J.R.W."! (a) Lan. As awr donnin meh tliwoanish 
clooas, Tim Bobbin Viav Dial. 'ed. 1740) 28. s.Lan.' (3) n.Cy. 
Grose (1790). w.Yks.^ Lin. Ray (1691). Lei.' It's but a thony 
haa'vest. Nhp.'* e.Nrf. Marshall Riir. Econ. (1787). 

[OE. /('(;;, moist ; irrigated (Sweet).] 

THONG, .-6. and v. Sc. Irel. Shr. Brks. Som. Dev. 
Cor. Sc.I. Also in form thung Shr.' nw.Dev.' [|'or|.] 

1. sb. A leathern boot- or shoe-lace. 

Arg. ' My thong's loose,' said he. stooping to fumble with a 
brogue that needed no such attention, Munro y. S//«/(/;i/ (1898) 
336. Shr.' 

Hence Close-thonged, adj. tightly laced. 
Arg. His close-thonged brogues that clung to the feet like a dry 
glove. MuNKo/. 5/i/<-(irfirf (1898) 193. 

2. An instrument of punishment formerly used in schools; 
see below. 

Cor. A leathern strap, about 15 in. by 2i in., with a hole in one 
end to hang it up by, formerly used in schools to strike the palm 
of the hand with. 'The end with the hole in it was brought down 
sharply upon the palm, and thus raised a blister (M.A.C.) ; Like- 
wise a thong to thock [thwack] thee, ef Thee d'st ever go askew, 
Forfar Poems 1 1885) 7. 

3. pt. Sea-thongs, Himanthalia lorea. Sc.L (B. & H.) 

4. V. To beat, thrash. 

N.I.' n.Dev. Chell thong tha, E.vm. Scold. (1746) I. 77. 

5. Obs. To fling or swing round the skirts or tail. 
n.Dev. Yagurt thonging, banging muxy drawbreech, Exnt. Scold. 

(17461 I- 6. 

6. To twine ; to twist together. Brks.' 7. To become 
stringy or viscous ; to become heavy and sodden. 

Som. (Hall.) e.Soni. 'W. & J. Gl. (1873). w.Som.' Cider is 
very often said ■ to thongy ' when it gets into a peculiar oily or 
treacly state called 'reamed,' or 'ropy.' Dev, It [a rusk] baint 
very nice, sur, it thungeth. Reports Pioviiic. (1885). 

I lence Thongy, adj. stringy, viscous, tough ; like dough 
or putty. 

Som. (Hall.) e.Som. 'W. & J. Gl. (1873). w.Som.' Dev. In 
bread, or like substances, it means the opposite of crisp or crumbly. 
Cider is often said ' to be thongy,' when it gets into the peculiar 
state known as 'reamed' or 'ropy,' Reports Provinc. (1885). 

THONGY, adj. e.An. [fio'rjgi.l Oppressivelj' hot, as 
between summer showers. e.An.' Nrf Cozens-Hardy 
Broad Nrf. (1893) 2. 

THONK, see Thunk. 

THONKY, adj. Cum. [Not known tn our other corre- 
spondents.] Dank, misty, rainy. (M.P.), Cum.'* 

THONNER, THOOAL, see Thonder, Thole, v. 

THOOAR, THOOL. see Thir, driii. pron., Thole, v. 

Ihunimack, Thir, detjt. pron. 

tnOO'S. po^s. adj. Sc. [tSi'iz.j Thy. Cf. thee's. 

Ayr. In Tlioo's ain name, Johnston Gltiibuciit (1889) no. 

THOOTHISTLE, see Thowthistle. 

THOOTLE, j>. Nhb.' Ilnltl.] To endure ; to wait. 

' Aa canna thootle na langer ' — cannot be put off any longer. 

THOR, s6.' n.Yks.* [{'or.] A thundering noise. 

It cum doon with a desperate thor. 

THOR, .si.* Obs. Sc. Durance, confinement. Sibbald 
G/. (1802) (Jam.). 

THOR, see Their, They, Thir, dein. pron. 

THORBLE, THORE. sec Thible, Thir. dent. pron. 

THORL(E, sb. Sc. Yks. Also in form thirl n.Yks.» 
The fly of a spindle or spinning-rock ; the pivot on which 
a wheel revolves. Cf whorle. 

Slg. The lass is frugal, eident turns the thorlc, Galloway Poems 
(1804) 15. Edb. Three of the buttons have sprung the thorls, 
MoiR Mansic IVaiicli (i8a8; vi. Rxb. (Jam.), n.Yks.* 

Hence (i) Thirled, ppl. adj. pinned or pivoted, as a 
wheel. n.Yks.* ; (2) Thorle-pippin, sb. a species of apple 
in form resembling the fly-wheel of a spindle. Rxb.(jAM.) 

THORL(E, see Thirl, adj 

THOR MANTLE,. -A. Dev. Also in form thors-mantle. 

1. Prob. a corruption of 'tormentil,'/'ci/f«i'///(i Toniieidd/a. 
We have. .. the thor-manlle, excellent as a medicine in fevers 

Bray Desc. Taiiiar and 7"(i;^(i836) I. Lett, xviii. 318; Dev.* 

2. The foxglove. Digitalis purpurea. 

The Devonshire children make us think of the Thunderer, as 
they gather the foxglove, and call it rhors-manlle, Monthly Pkt. 
VOct. 1864I443. 

THORN, sb. Sc. Irel. Yks. Lan. Chs. Lin. War. 'Won 
Nrf Dor. Also in forms tharn VVor. ; thoorn n.Yks.* ; 
thurn Lan. Chs.' Wor. ; torn Sh.L [|'orn, fi93n.] 1. In 
phr. like licking honey off a thorn, see below. 

n.Yks.* 'It's bare wark an poor pay, like licking honey off a 
thoorn,' said of an employment yielding but small and uncertain 

2. Comb, (i) Thorn-back, («) a small river-fish ; (6) a 
bed of good stone in Swanage quarries; (2) -(s bull, the 
thick part of a thorn, the branches being cut off; (3) 
-drain, (4) -draining, sec below ; (5) -grey, {a) the lesser 
redpole, Linoia rufescens ; {b) the grey linnet, Linota 
cannabina; (6) -hurdling, putting up hurdles of thorns ; 
(7) peckled, freckled ; 18) -speckles, freckles. 

(i, rt) War.^ A small fish with a strong back fin. It abounds in 
the Avon, but it is not the stickleback. (6) Dor. (C.W.) (a) 
e.Cy. (Hall.) Nrf. Throw the old dcke down and use the thorn- 
bulls for firing, Cozens-Hardy Broad Nrf. (1893) 6a. (3, 4) 
n.Lin.' Before drain tiles became common it was the custom among 
farmers to drain their land by digging trenches and burying sticks, 
commonly thorns, in them ; these were called ' thorn-drains,' and 
the process 'thorn-draining.' (5, a n.Ir. (J.S.) (6) N.I.' (6) 
Wor. This be just the weather for thorn-hurdling the meadow 
(H.K.). (7) e.Lan.' (8) Lan. Lotions, drinks, &c. to restore her 
yure, remove thorn-speckles, Standing Echoes (1885) '5- 

3. The hawthorn, Crataegus O.xyacantha. 

Sc. Garden IVk. (1896) No. cxiii. 100. Yk«. (B. & H.) Lan. 
Tim Bobbin Vinu Dial. (ed. 1806^1 16. 

Hence (i) Thorn-berries, sb. pi. the fruit of the \\dL\v- 
{.horn,Crataegiis O.xyacantha ; (2) Thorn-bush,s6.a hawthorn 
tree, Crataegus O.xyacantha. 

(i) Chs.' Nrf. I go and get him some berries, 'thorn-berries,' 
Emerson Son of Fens (189a) 369. (a) Chs.' 

4. A sharp prickly spine found on certain fish. 

Sh.I. I laid me haands open wi' da torns of da last ane [skate] 
'at 1 pcel'd, Sh. News (Mar. 9, 1901). 

THORN, V. Obs. Sc. To eat heartily; to satisfy 
one's appetite ; used of bodily wants. 

When they had eaten and well drunken. And a' had thorn'd 
fine, Sc. Ballads vi8o8) II. 335 (Jam. Siippl.). 

THORNEN, adj Brks. Wil. Dor. Som. Also in forms 
tharnen Wil. Som.; tharnin Brks. [f>anin, f>a'nin.] 
Made of thorn ; having the nature or quality of thorn. 

Brks. The tharnin tree you med plainly zee As is called King 
Alferd's tharn, Hughes Scour. White Horse (1859) iv. Wil. 
(Hall.) Dor. I pass'd the maid avore the Spring, An' shepherd 
by the thornen tree, Barnes Poems (ed. 1869) 29. e.Som. W. & J. 
C/. (18731. w.Som.' 

THORNY, (7(//. and si. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Glo. Som. Also 
written thorney Nhb. I. adj. In co;;;/i. (i) Thorny-back, 
(a) the stickleback, Gasterostetis Irachurus; (b) a small 
perch, Pcrca Jlui'iatilis; (c) the thornback, ./?<i»rt c/avata; 
(2) pyett, the magpie. Pica rustica. 

{i a, b) Nht). Here may be fund the thorney-back, the Poheed 

o 2 




an Tommy Lodjor, Chater Tyiieside Aim. (1869) 13. (c) Fif., 
Edb. (Jam.) (2) Cum. (J.D.) 

2. sb. The stickleback, Gasterosteus irachurus. Glo., Som. 
N. &- O. (1884) 6th S. ix. 448. 

THORO, see Through. 

THOROUGH, adj., adv. and sb. Sc. Irel. Yks. Not. 
Shr. Glo. e.An. Wil. Dor. Also in forms tharra Suf.' ; 
thorra N.I.' ; thorow Sc. (Jam.) [jjara.] 1. adj. and 
adit. In comb, (ij Thorough-cleaning, a spring-cleaning ; 
(2) -go, diarrhoea ; (3) -gone, thoroughly good or bad ; (4) 
•go-nimble, (a) see (3); (b) small beer; (5) -grown, of 
corn, &c. : sprouted ; (6) -pin, (7) -pole, parts of a wagon ; 
see below; 18) -stitch, thoroughly, completely. 

(i) n.Yks.' Thorough-cleaning (s.v. Row). w.Yks. (J.W.) 

(2) Shr. 2 (3I e.Yks.i He's a thorough-geean rasldll, MS. add. 
(T.H.) (4, n1 Sc. (Jam.), w.Yks.i, Shr.», Suf.i (6) Sc. The small 
beer of the college, termed thorough-go-nimble, furnished a poor 
substitute, Scott Pirate (1821) iv. w.Yks.' (5) s.Not. If the wet 
keeps on we shall hae the barley thorough-grown (J.P.K.). (6) 
Wil.' The pin which fastens the waggon-bed to the carriage. 
(7) Dor, The piece of timber which connects the fore-axle of a 
waggon with the hinder one, Barnes Poems (1863) G/. (s.v. 
Waggon). (8) s.Not. I shall have to go thorough-stitch through 
the house; it's filthy from top to bottom. She's means to do the 
place up thorough-stitch (J.P.K.). 

2. Wise, sane. 

Rxb. (Jam.) N.I.' The poor fellow's not thorough. 

3. sb. A spavin which shows itself on both sides of a 
horse's hough or hock. e.An.' 

THOROUGH, see Through, Thurrow. 

THOROW, THORP, see Through, Throp. 

THORP(E, sb. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. Lin. Nhp. 
Oxf. Brks. Also in forms throp e.Yks.' ; thrup n.Yks.' 
Not.n.Lin.'Nhp.'^Oxf.Brks. [poTp,\>qp ; prup.] Ahamlet; 
a village ; ^en. in place-names. 

n.Cy. (B.K.) n.Yks.' Ainthorpe is Aintrup or Ainthrup, Nun- 
thorpe, Nunthrup,&c. ; n.Yks.^ ne.Yks.' Tholthrup, Helperthrup, 
Lovvtthrup. e.Yks.', m.Yks.' w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Suppt. (May 
'5> 1897) ; w.Yks.^ s.Lan. BamfordZ)/Vi/. (1854). Der.' ' In this 
thorp.' [06s. as 'village'; only usedinplace-names.] Not. (L. CM.) 
Lin.' Keep on the trod, and you'll reach the tliorpe in time. n.Lin.' 
Obs. as a separate word, but used in the termination of many village 
names. Nlip.' Thrup Malsor, Thrup Mandeville, Althrup, Kings- 
thrup, Rolhersthrup. Ranstrup, for Ravensthorpe ; Nhp.^ Oxf., 
n.Brks. G.O.) 

Hence Thorpsmen, sb. pi., obs., villagers. n.Yks. ^ 

\0Y.. porp,prop. a farm, estate ; a village (Sweet).] 

THOR'S, THORSELS, see Thirs, Theirselves. 

THOR'S-MANTLE, see Thor-mantle. 

THORT, THORTER, see Thwart, Thwarter. 

THORTY,arfy. Dev. [(59'ti.] Thoughtless, half-witted, 

They'll have a lopping old 'oss, and a thorty driver. Reports 
Proviiic. (1895). 

THOSE, dent. pron. and dem. adj. Yks. Lan. Som. 
[5oz,'5o3z.] I. Dial, forms. 1. (i)Thoase, (2)Thooas, 

(3) Thooase, (4) Thoose, (5) Toose. 

(i", m.Yks.' A semi-refined form restricted to a corresponding 
habit of speech, Introd. 22. Lan. Babby clooas laid by i' lavender 
i' thoase drawers, Banks Manch. Man (1876) ii. (2) Lan. Oi'll 
noan trust thooas chaps, Kav-Shuttleworth Scarsdale (i860) 
'''■ 73- (3 n.Yks. Thooase 'at follow his perswashin, Castillo 
Pof»Hs (1878,22. (4) Lan. Look after thoose broth, Sam, Brierley 
Marlocks (1867) 86, ed. 1884. e.Lan.', s.Lan,' (5) Lan. Tim 
BoiiUiN View Dial. (ed. 1806) Reader, 14. s.Lan.' 
2. Contractions: (i) Thoose'n, (2) Thoosn, those will. 

(i) s.Lan.' (2) Lan. Thoosn naw doo, Tim Bobbin View Dial. 
(ed. 1806) 40. 

II. Dial. use. In phr. those here here, those. 

w.Som.' I baint no ways a-tookt up way those here here 
[dheo-zh yuur yuur'l taytotal fullers (s.v. This here). 

THOSKS, see Thusks. 

THOST, sb. Obs. Glo. Dung. Horae Subsecivae 
(1777) 430 ; Grose (1790) MS. add. (M.) 

[OE. /ox/, dung (Sweet).] 

THOT, see Think. 

THOU, pers. pron. and v. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. 
Yks. Lan. Chs. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Nhp. Glo. Nrf. Sur. 

Hmp. Wil. Som. Cor. I. Dial, forms. 1. (i) A, (2) 
Aw, (3) Doo, (41 Dou, (5) Du, (6) T', (7) Ta, (8) Ta, (9) 
Ta. (10) Taa, (11) Tae, (12) Tau, (13) Taw, (14) Tay, (15) 
Te, (16) Tea, (17) Teau, (18) Teaw, (19) Teh, (20) Ter, 
(21) Teu, (22) Th', (23) Tha, (24) Tha, (25) Tha, (26) 
Thaa, (27) Tliaaw, (28) Thae, (29) Thah, (30) Thai, (31) 
Thau, (32) Thaw, (33) Thaww, (34) Thea, (35) Theau, 
(36) Theaw, (37) Theow, (38) They, (39) Tho, (40) Thoo, 
(41) Thow, (42) Thu, (43) To, (44) Too, (45) Tou, (46) 
Tow, (47) Tu. 

(i) s.Sc. Dear Willielad, how hast a'been? T. Scott Poems (1793) 
315. Yks. Wiltabesacgudeastoexchangecivilitics? ^SKKCraiklrees 
','897) 53. (2) Cor. What art aw knacken for? Forfar Cousin 
Jan (1839) St. 2; Cor.2 (3) Sh.I. Dat doo sood, Sh. News (July 
30, 189B). (4) S. & Ork.' (5) Sh.I. Believe du me du's gaeiu' ta 
hae trouble, Spence Flk-Lore (1899) 242; S. & Ork.' (6i Dur. 
Gibson Up-lVeardale Gl. (i87o\ Lan. Iff does avv'U shake thi 
shoon, Brierley Layrock (1864) xi. n.Lin. Why doant t' set 
sheaves up ? Peacock Tales and Rhymes (1886) 64. (7, 8) w.Yks. 
The strong form ' ta ' and the weak form ' ta ' can onlv be used 
interrogatively and in subordinate sentences, as : ' Wil ta wes it V 
[wilt thou wash it?] Wright Gram. IVndhll. (1892") 117. (9) 
Nhb.' Cum. Employed when there is no empliasison the pronoun 
(E.W.P.) ; Dis ta think yon was dun for a lark? Farrall Belly 
IVilson (1876) 30; Cum.' Wm. What was ta doin in theer ? 
Ollivant Ou'd Bob {ed. 1900) 19. n.Yks.* ne.Yks.' 'Ta' is used 
after an auxiliary verb in ordinary familiar conversation ; as ' Wilt 
tacumwi ma ?' and in all questions in the 2nd person, 'ta' is closely 
connected with the verb so as to form part of it, as 'sa'ntta?' 
'harks-ta?' 23. m.Yks.' With the and pers. sg. most verbs, 
including the auxiliary, coalesce, and in this form are a marked 
feature of conversation as interrogative forms. ' Wilt-thou 
[wihtu], munut-thou [muon'Ut-tu], Introd. 26. w.Yks. Kan t3 diut 
bi Sisen ! Wright Gram. JVndlill. (1892) 117 ; w.Yks.* When ta's 
said all ta can ; w.Yks.^ Lan. Would it befor us, thinksta ? Clegg 
Sketches (18951 74. n.Lan.' Will ta ga ta U'ston fair? ne.Lan.', 
s.Lan.' Not. Does ta say tha prayers? Prior Forest Flk. (1901) 
113. s.Not. The enclitic ' thou ' in inverted construction. Chiefly 
in speaking to little children (J.P.K.). n.Lin.' Are ta gooin' to 
be wed soon, William ? (10) w.Yks.^ What didst taa hit me for? 
e.Lan.' (11) Lsin. Wilt tae have afeyght? Kav-Siiuttleworth 
Scarsdale (i860) II. 283. (121 Wm. Nor hes tau followed on, 
HuTTON Bran New IVark (1785) 1. 126. (13) s.Wm. Taw's varra 
scan, man, ib. Dial. Storth and Arnsidc (1760) 1. i. (14) w.Yks. 
Nut tay, mun (B.K.). (15) Nhb. Stop! where was aw, thinks te, 
Jack? Wilson FiVHinii's P(y(i843) 26; Nhb.' Cum. Employed 
when there is no emphasis on the pronoun. The sound is that 
of the French ' te ' and may be written indiscriminately ta, te 
(E.W.P.) ; Cum.3 Hes t'e any foat to finnd ? 62. n.Yks.^, w.Yks. 
(J.W.) n.Lin. What art tS doin' on ? Peacock Tales and Rhymes 
(1886) 64. (16) Lan. Where has tea been roaming. Kilty? Kay- 
Shuttleworth Scn/irfn/f (i860) H. 236. (17) e.Lan.' (18; s.Lan.' 
(19) w.Yks. Can teh read writin ? Banks IVkJld. IVds. (1865). Lan. 
Whear didst teh flee to, Kitty? Harland Lyrics (1866) 76. (20I 
s.Yks. Doster know? Fletcher God's Failures (1897) 73. Not.'^ 
(21) w.Yks. ' Wheer at teu for to-neet ? ' Out of use (D.L.). (22) 
s.Lan. Bamford Dial. (1854). (23, 24) w.Yks. Wright Gram. 
IVndhll. (1892) 1 16. s.Chs.i 63. (25) s.Wm. HurroN Dial. Storth 
andArnside{i-]6o)\.2. n.Yks.* ne.Yks." Tha' is also used instead 
of ' ta,' but no rule can be laid down with regard to the interchange 
of these forms, 23. e.Yks.' m.Yks.' Neither ' dhu ' nor ' tu ' are 
employed emphatically, Introd. 24. w.Yks.^, ne.Lan.', s.Lan.', 
Chs.', s.Chs.' 63. Lin. Tha joompt in thysen, Tennyson Spinster's 
Sweet-arts (1885). Shr.' Gram. Outlines, 47. (26) w.Yks.^, e.Lan.', 
s.Lan.' Der. Thaa'lt Stan' i' a press full o' Crown Derby, Gilchrist 
Peakland (1897) 94. (27) Cum. Thaaw fooal ! thaaw, Dickinson 
Ciimbr. (ed. 1876J 92. (28) Lan. Thae sent it, Saunders Abel 
Drake (1862) i. s.Lan.' (29) w.Yks. Emphatic, Banks IVkJId. 
IVds. (1865); w.Yks.* Lan. Thah mun give it summat better 
than cowd wayter. Banks Manch. Man. (1876) i. Chs. Thah gurt 
cawf, Clough B. Bresskittle (1879) 3; Chs.' (30) s.Chs.' 63. 
(31) Wm. Trust than then, Maggy, in the great Father of mercies, 
HvTiOK Bran New Wark{iqS$) I. 393. (32) w.Yks.* (33) Cum.' 
(34) s.Lan.' (35) Lan. Theau'sgather'd flesh, Doherty N. Barlow 
(1884) 1. 17. s.Lan.' (36) Lan. Theaw knows, Harland Lyrics 
(1866) 95. m.Lan.', s.Lan.' 6. Chs. Theaw dondcrs abeawt, 
Croston Enoch Crump (1887) 10. (37) Som. Theow beast vair, 
Baynes S/J^-. 5o/.( i860) i. 16. (38I s.Chs.' 64. (39) n.Yks.* Lan. 
Winnot tlio taste wi' mo' Waugh Ileat/ier led. Milner) II. 14. 
e.Lan.', s.Lan.' (40) Ayr. Hunter 5/Hrf(cs (1870) 91. Nhb.' Dur. 




All the time llioo was away, Guthrie Kilty Fagaii (igoo) ii8. 
Cam.'* Wm. Thoo nivvcr sail sic a bit a pink cii white i' thi life, 
KoBisoN Aaltl 7Vifl/«; 1883)3. w.Yks. Weel thoo knaws, Castillo 
Poems (1878) 30. ne.Yks.' ' Thoo ' is always used when it is the 
first word in the sentence or elsewhere when special emphasis 
is required, as : ' Thoo knaws,' ' Uust thoo think at thoo can 
skclp mah bairn 1 ' 33. e.Yks.' ni.Yks.' In emphasis, /ii/>orf. 32. 
w.Yks. Thoo knaws, Lucas Sliid. NidileidaU {c. 1883) 285. (41) 
Fif. Melvill Aiilobiog. (i6ioi 65, cd. 18.(2. n.Lan.' I kni thow 
can du it, thow's-like. (42) ra.Yks.' In sharp utterance there is a 
distinct change of vowel [from oo) to [uw], Inlrod, 22. (43) n.Cy. 
(Hall.) w.Yks.' Mind to dunnot clap thy hand to papper. Lan.' 
Wilto.hasto, conto? e.Lan.' Arlo ? s.Lan.' Used as a termination 
to ' has,' 'will,' 'con,' etc., when asking a question. 'Hasto finish't 
thi job yet?' (44^ Cuoi.' (451 Cum. For she, tou kens, can always 
feel, Anderson Ballads (1805) 3 ; Cum.' Yks. Tou may go back 
as tou came, Howitt Ho/'e on (1840) viii. (46) Cum. Things 'at 
tow nivcr saw, Lonsdale Mag. (Feb. 1867") 311. Shr.' Astow ! 
[hast thou?] 47) Nhb. Where has tu John? Rn:ii MiDSon Borderer's 
Tablel)k.(\B^6)Vl. 106 ; Nlib.' 

2. Coiilraclioiis: (i) Iftle, (2) Ivtle, if thou wilt; (3) 
Teaw'd, thou hadst ; (4I Teavv'll, thou wilt ; (5) Teaw'st, 
thou Shalt ; (6) Tha'd, thou hadst ; (7) Thae'st, thou shall ; 
(8) Thah'U, see (4); (g) Thahm'd, thou niightcst ; (10) 
Thah'st, thoushouldest; (11) Tha'll,see (4); (12) Tham'd, 
see (9) ; (i3)Tha's, thou liast ; (14) Thaww'l,see (4) ; (15) 
Theaw'd, (a) thou wouldst ; (b) see (6); (16) TheawU, 
see (4); (171 Theaws, see (15); (18) Theawst, see (5); 
(r9)Thoo'd, see (15,(7); (20) Thoo'U, see (4) ; (2i)Thoo's 
(a) see (13) ; (b) thou art ; (c) see (5) ; (22) Thoul, see (4) ; 
(231 Thou's, (a) see (13) ; (A) thou art ; (c) see (5) ; (24) 
Thou'se, see (5) ; (25) Thou'st, (a) thou art ; (b) see (5) ; 
(26) Thul(l, (27) Too'l, see (4); (28) Tou's, thou art; (29) 
Tou'st, see (5) ; (30 1 Tusdoon, thou hast done. 

(i) w.Yks.', s.Lan. (J. A. P.) (2) s.Lan. Basiford Dial. (1854). 
(3, 4) s.Lan.' (5) Lan. Tlm Bobbin Vietv Dial. (ed. 1806) 34. 
s.Lan.' (6) Yks. Tha'd never seen such a lass, Taylor Miss 
Miles (1890) xix. (7) Lan. Thae'st tay thi' dinner wi' me, Kav- 
Shuttleworth ScarsdaU (i860) 11. 301. (81 w.Yks. Yks. Factory 
Times (Aug. 2, i88g) 8, col. 6. (9) w.Yks. Thahm'd as weel stop 
wi' me (>E.B.). (10) w.Yks. Thah'st tak his black colt, Bvwater 
Gossips, 15. (11 Lan. Tha'll never get vally, Clegg David'sLoom 
(1894)132. (12) w.Yks. Tliam'd as weel go an' all (iE.B.). (13) 
w.Yks. Tha's thi eenoppen, Binns Originals (iBSg^i No.i. 2. (14) 
Cum. (E.W.P.) (15, a) Lan. Aw little thowt whatn a blessin' 
theaw'd be to us. Banks Mancli. Man (1876) xliv. s.Lan.' {!>) 
s.Lan.' (16) Lan. Theaw'l noa put me in, Brierley Layrock 
(1864) X. (17) s.Lan.' (18) Lan. Tiieawst yer ! Tim Bobbin 
Vieiu Dial. (ed. 1740) 14. (19I n.Yks. (T.S.) (20) Nhb. Ef 
thoo'il oiiey sit canny, Robson Evangeline (1870) 335. (21, a) 
Nhb. Thoo's done me a right good turn. Pease Mark o' Deil ( 1894 
36. Wra. If thoo's got owt to say. Ward Ildbcck '1898) 336. 
(6^ Nhb. Thoo's a gran' hand at compliment, Clare Love of Lass 
(1890) I. 30. (c) Cum.' (22) Nhb. Aw warn't thoul Icuk as weel 
as the best, Bewick Tyneside Tales (1850) 13. Cum. ^E.W.P.) 
(23, a) Sc. (Jam. Snppl.) n.Yks. Ah's pleeas'd thou's cum'd, 
TwEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 3'- (*) Sc. (Jam. 5;(/>/'/.) Nhb. 
Thou's neahn deef, Bewick T^'^fiiV/i! 7Vi/f5 (1850) 12. Dur.' Sur. 
Thou's a selfish lout, Bickley Siir. Hills (1890) I.i. (c) Sc. (Jam. 
Snppl.) Nhb. Thou's drink thy tea, N. Minstrel {i%o6--j) pt. iv. 73. 
Dur.' n.Yks. Thou's stop wi' me, Tweddell Clevel. lihynies 
('8751 15. (34) Cum. Thou'se neither wcsli dishes, norsarraii the 
swine, Halliwell Nursery Rhymes (1843) 246, ed. 1886. (25,0) 
B.Yks. Thou'st bahn to scald me to death ! Fletcher Pallis of 
Prudent {i8gg) 49. (A) w.Yks. Thou'st have grass. Peel Luddites 
(1870) 20. (36) Cum.* Th'u'll be scun ancuf at htani, 61. Wm. 
Thul varra scan hev plenty o' work, Taylor Billy Tvsnn (1879 
14. (37) Cum. (E.W.P.) (a8) Cum. Tou's owth'er fuil or font, 
Anderson /J(i//(i(/s (1805) "■ (29) w.Yks. Nay, tou'st niver hae 
it, Howitt Jiur. Lift (1838) I. 313. (30) w.Yks.' 

11. Dial. uses. 1. pers. proit., iiont. siiiff. You. 

Sc. The 2nd pers. sg. pron. has quite disappeared from the spoken 
dialect, Murray Dial. (1873) 188. S. & Ork.' Generally ustd in 
addressing a person. Abd., Per. Almost never used (G.W.). 
Ayr. Thoo forgets that thoo'il be a culprit that day. Hunter 
Studies { 1 8qo) 91. Nhb.' ' Thoo ' is only used by intimates, or by 
a superior or senior to an inferior. Used in any other way it 
expresses the greatest possible contempt for the person addressed. 
Dur.' Cum. 'Tou' in of the 'you' when contempt or 
familiarity are to be indicated (E.W.P.); Cum.< The second person 

singular in all its forms betokens familiarity or contempt. Wm. 
Thoo 'earse-'orse, thoo ! thoo wormy villain ! thoo melancholy 
maggot! Ollivant Oud Bub (1898; 15. n.Yk8.* ne.Yks.' In 
familiar speech between equals it is invariably used rather than 
the ' j'ou ' of modern English. 33. e.Yks.' Used by parents when 
addressing children, and superiors their inferiors ; never vice 
versa. m.Yks.' 'Thou,' though naturally the expression of 
familiar feeling, is yet associated with contemptuous treatment on 
the part of a speaker. .. Towards superiors, the objective case of 
the second person plural is as a matter of course employed, but 
under circumstances of strong feeling it is apt to be changed for 
'thou,' and without that sense of unpardonable vulgarity which 
would attach to the form if used in a like manner in ordinary con- 
versation, Introd. 24. w.Yks. Still extensively used, but it is not 
so general now as it was twenty years ago. When I was a lad 
the following was the rule : ' ffa' was used in every case except 
that ' ji' was used (i) in addressing strangers, especially grown- 
up people, or as a mark of respect to masters and old people ; (a) 
children in addressing their parents ; (3) people who had m.idc 
each other's acquaintance after they had grown up usually 
emploj'ed 'ji' in speaking to each other, Wright Cram. H'ndhll. 
(1892) 118. Lan. He used the homely 'tliou,' which with him 
betokened tenderness or emotion, Francis Yeoman Fleetwood i cd. 
1900) 14. s.Lan.' Used by a superior to an inferior person ; by 
persons of equal degree to one another ; as abuse or insult ; as a 
term of endearment. Chs.' In constant use. sChs." As generally 
used implies familiarity, or at least absence of constraint. It is 
thus employed by parents to their children (less frequently used 
to the daughters than to the sons], and a fortiori by grandparents 
to their grandchildren ; by a husband to his wife and vice versa ; 
by the children among themselves, by schoolboys, less commonly 
by schoolgirls to one another ; by a master to his Kibourers, though 
scarcely ever to his foreman or baililT; by the labourers to one 
another; by a master or mistress to the maidservants, but this not 
so frequently; by sweethearts to each other, &c., &c. Oulside 
this general use, the 2nd person singular is also adopted to 
express anger, contempt, or strong emotion ; in each of these 
cases it may be used by persons other than those mentioned. 
Towards superiors the 2nd person plural is by rule employed, 
and in fact could not, except with intentional impertinence, be 
exchanged for the 2nd person sing., 65. 66. Stf. One thing that 
strikes a stranger is the use of ' thou ' for 'you,' the true Black 
Country man keeping like the Quaker to the older use, The Chronicle 
(Aug. 33, 1901). Not. Still used in addressing an equal or inferior 
(L C.M.). Lin. Thou'll be good, won't thou ? Gilbert Rugge 1 1866) 
I. 37. sw.Lin.' Eh, lad, thou'st not fun the gainest road across 
that field. Nhp.* Shr.' About Newport, Gram. Outlines, 47. 
Glo. The laws that govern the use of ■ thee ' and ' thou ' amongst 
agricultural workers, are not to be violated. . . On no account must 
'thou' be used to a superior; a co-mate, or inferior, is to be so 
addressed; but when they quarrel the * thou ' and ' thee ' should 
not be dropped, since that would be an admission of the adversary's 
superiority, Buckman Darke's Sojourn (1890) iii. Nrf. Almost 
entirely disused, being only retained in some salutations, Gili.ett 
Sng. Sol. (i860) Notes, 3. Hmp. 'Thee' and 'thou' are olten 
used here between near relations or old friends (H.W.E.). s.Wil. 
Monthly Mag. (i8i4)ll. 114. 

2. Used eitipli. for the ace. or dal. sing. 

Nhb. Aa can dec nowt mair for thoo. Pease Mark o' Deil (1894'i 
22. Cum.* ne.Yks.' ' He's com for thoo ' and ' he's com for tha ' 
would have a well understood distinction of meaning, the former 
implying that the person sought was one of many, the latter 
without regard to others, 33. m.Yks.' The use of the nominative 
' thou ■ for the objective ' thee ' is restricted and general to rural 
dialect. ' He shall not go.' ' He will for thoo,' Introd. an. 

3. Used with an iiiiper. 

Nhb. Gan thoo back. RoBSON Bk. Ruth (i860) i. 15. 

4. Phr. (i) Hum had 'iiit, thou .' a term of reproach ; (2) 
— br far, get away with you ; (3) —did, 'at did thou, an 
e.xpression of certainty on the part of the speaker; (4) 

didn't, did thou ? a method of questioning expressive of 
surprise and doubt ; (5) — never says, an exclamation of 

1 1 Cum.'* In frequent use. (3) Lan. Never crooks their backs 
lur t'meauw gress or t'm.iy a doike. Thae be far, Kay-Shuttle- 
wortii Scarsdale (i860) II. 313. (3, 4) Cum.'* (5) s.Lan.' 

5. V. To address in the 2nd pers. sing. ; to speak fami- 
liarly to ; also in phr. to thou and thee. See Thee, pers. 
proii. 7. 

S. & Ork.' Nhb. Geordy, thou'd Jen Collin— O, N. Mmstrel 




(1806-7) P'- 'V. 79. Cum.* Ah'll thoo theli, if theli thoo's meh. 
'SpitefulthouglUs that prompted him tothou John,'DALBY7l/«viO)'rf 
(1888) I. 77. e.Yks.i Farmers in general ' thou ' their servants ; 
the inferior class (and the lower class of men in general) frequently 
their wives, and always their children ; and the children as 
invariably ' thou ' each other. Superiors in general 'thou' their 
inferiors; while inferiors 'you' their betters. Equals and iiiti- 
mates of the lower class generally ' thou ' one another. These 
distinctions are sometimes the cause of aukwardness : to ' you ' a 
man may be making too familiar with him ; while to 'thou' him 
might alfront him, Marshall Rid: Ecou. (1788) ; I did thou her, 
and sorry I is to Ihou my wife mother, Simmons Lay Flks. Mass- 
bk. 399. w.Yks. They say 'at it's vulgar to thee an' tha onii3'bod3', 
but Yorksher fowk dooan't think soa, nur willn't as long as ther's 
a bit ov t'ovvd dialect left, an' that uU be awlus, Yks. IVkly. Post 
(July ID, 1897). Lan. In the district about Goosnargh, rear 
Preston, prior to 1850, ' the husband and father " thou'd " his wife 
and children, but the wife always addressed the husband in the 
second person plural ; children did the same to both parents and 
all seniors. Persons equal in years and circumstances, and on 
familiar terms, always "thou'd " each other. For a young man to 
"thou " an old one was an unpardonable offence. A young man 
"thouing" his sweetheart served in some sense the part of the 
"engaged" ring,' Mancli. Lit. Club (1877) III. 104, in N. tf Q. 
(1877I 5th S. viii. 259. Chs.' Equals ' thou and thee' each other, 
and superiors ' thou ' inferiors ; but inferiors alwaj's address their 
superiors as 'you.' nw.Der. ' Glo.' ' He thou'd and thee'd me.' 
As a matter of fact the nominative is never heard. 

THOUGH, coiij. Var. dial, forms and uses in Sc. and 
Eng. [Sou; tSo, (Soa ; tSof(t.] I. Dial, forms : (i) Dough, 
(2) Thaf, (3) Thauf, (4) Tha-w, (5) Theaf, (6) Thofe, (7) 
Thofif, (8) Thoft, (9) Thuf. 

II) Ken.' Iiitiod. 6. (2) m.Yks.i (3) m.Yks.', 'Wil.' Som. 
Jennings Obs. Dial. tu.Eiig. (1825). (4) w.Yks. Nah, thaw ye 
knaw he's nowt bud stoan, Preston Poems (1866)3. (s) m.Yks.' 
(6) sw.Lin.' It's not as thofe I'd a heap of bairns. (7) ne.Sc. A 
wark ye will in nae wise believe thof a man dcclair't intil yc, 
Green Gon/oii/iaven (1887 1 79. Abd. But thof there was nae 
greitin', na but sic a hullybaloo as rase upo' the corp ! Macdonald 
IVarlock ^1882) vii. Lth. (Jam.) Edb. Thof to the weet my 
ripened aits had fawn, Fergusson Poems (,1773) iii, ed. 1785. 
n.Cy. (HALL.),Cum. (J.Ar.^.n.Yks.i^" ne.Yks.' It leeaks as thoff 
it wer boun to raan. e.Yks.', m.Yks.', w.Yks. (C.F.), w.Yks.' 
n.Lin.' Thoo wraps thy sen up, as thoff it was snaw time. Glo.' 
w.Som.' Do show as thoff we was in vor a hard winter. Dev. It 
sim'd as thof 'twas a dream, Pulman Sketches (1842 58, ed. 1853; 
Dev.' Cor. One arterthe ither as thof they thoft we was going to 
part, Blackiu. Mag. fjan. 1862) 7. (8) n.Cy. Grose (1790) MS. 
add. (P.) Dev. Thoft 'tis a serious matter, Peter Pindar Rojal 
Visit ( T795; pt. i. St. 7 ; Dev.' (g) m.Yks.' 

II. Dial. uses. 1. Although if. 

■Wil.' A never vound un, thauf he'd gone dree lug vurder on, a 
cudden a bin off seein' on un. 

2. Nevertheless, after all ; used to qualify a sentence. 
Sc.(A.\V.) I.Ma. A peculiarity [of the Manx dialect] is the word 

' though,' qualifying a sentence. This expresses the caution so 
characteristically Manx. 'It's a foine day though'™ a fine day 
after all (S.M.). 

3. Used as an intensitive : see below. 

e.An.^ ' How it do rain ! ' indicates a heavy shower; but, ' How 
it do rain, though ! ' marks a much heavier. 

THOUGHT, sb. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Chs. 
Der. e. An. I )ev. Cor. Also in forms thoch Bnff.' ; thocht 
Sc. (Jam.) Bnft".'; thoct Der. ; thout N.Cy.' Nhb.' ; thowt 
n.Yks.2 w.Yks. s.Lan.' Chs.' ; tought Sh.I. [y^t. J^out ; 
Sc. |3oxt.] I. In coiiip. (I) Thought-bone, the breast- 
bone or merrythought of a bird ; (2) -rife, having a ready 
memory ; (3) -sure, clear or sure in point of recollection. 

U) Bnff.», Abd. (Jam.) (2) n,Yks.= (3) I'm about thowt-seear 
on't, ib. 

2. Phr. (1) its my thouglit(s, it is my opinion, I think ; 
{2) next thouf;ht, on second thoughts ; (3) to have a thought, 
to intend ; (4) — a thought to, to provide for, take steps 
for; (5) - thoughl.i on, to recollect, to think of; (6) to 
need a thought, to need to think ; {^) to take {a) thought, to 
think, imagine, intend. 

(I ) n.Cy. GuosE (1790) MS. add. (P.) Lan. An' it's moi thowt 
ut he'd goo spark cawt in no toimc,KAV-SiiuTTi.EwoRTH5rfl»sfl'(T/<' 
(i860) II. 30a. e.An.' (a) Chs.' A very common expression to 

indicate that you have suddenly remembered something that you 
had almost forgotten. 'Aw'II go buey some baccy; bu' next 
thowt aw have na brass cnoo.' (^3) n.Sc. It'll be a cuittle queistion 
that for the Iyer chiels to say whether or no the man had a thocht 
tae shoot, Gordon Caig/eii (1891) 140. (4) Per. We maun hae a 
thocht to the services o' the Sanctuary the morn. Cleland Inch- 
bracken (1883) 149, ed. 1887. (5) n.Yks. He hez thowts on't 
(I.'W.). (6) Abd. I'll need a thought, ere ony thing I say, 
Shirrefs Poems (1790) 109. (7) Per. I took nae thought that 
was siccan a by-ordinar' supper, Sandy Scott (1897) 13. Kcb. Till 
even an ej'n he took thocht o' a wife To help wi' the warl' an' 
the fecht o't, Armstrong Itigleside (1890) 216. 

3. Care, grief, sorrow ; a burden ; a cause of trouble. 
Sc. That wild son has been a sair thocht and a heavy burden to 

his mother (Jam. Siippl.). Sh.I. Fader kens da muck kishie is a 
tought lat alaene da spaede, Sh. News (Mar. 11, 1899). w.Yks. 
It was thought that did for her (C.C.R.). ne.Lan.' 

Hence Thochted, ppl. adj. anxious, concerned. 

Cai. She can see ne'er a door at a' for hirin', and she's sair 
thochted for it, Mi^Lennan Peas. Life (1871) I. 19. Ayr. I was 
geyan thochted 'estreen, when I heard the win risin' the way it 
did, Service Dr. Dugttid {ed. 1887) 209. 

4. One who is wise or careful beyond his years. 
w.Yks. 'An old thought.' Usually employed with reference to 

children and youthful people (C.C.R.). 

5. A small quantity of anything ; a short distance ; a 
short time ; somewhat. 

Sc. But ye were a thought doucer than Valentine, Scott St. 
Roiian (18241 ii ; 'A wee thought,' in a small degree (Jam.). 
Bnff.' Abd. .Sawney was a wee thochtie sprung, Alexander Ain 
Flk. (1882) 150. Frf. They gat weddit, fouk said, just a thoctie 
ower sune. Watt Poet. Sketclies (i88o) 52. w.Sc. I hae been a 
thocht later than usual, Carrick Laird of Logan (1835) 92; 
Maybe I'm a thocht pithless, Snaith Firrceheart (,1897) 52. Ayr. 
I'm a wee thocht tired, Service Notaiidnms (i8go) 118. Edb. It 
aften kam ower me that she was a thocht oot o' her time, Beatty 
Secrctar I l8g^) 213. Dmf. Nature's been a wee thocht spairin' In 
giein' them wit, Quinn Heather (1863) 58. N.I.', N.Cy.', Nhb.' 
Cum.' Skift on a thought, will ta ? Cum." w.Yks. He war a 
thowt likelier nor th' rest o' th' men-folk, Sutcliffe Shameless 
Il'aync (igoo I 2. s.Lan.' Aw could eyt a thowt mooar o' that beef. 
Der. Tak a thoct o' brid and cheese, Guida Piirk (ed, 1901) v, 
e.An.' A thing is said to be a thought too wide, too long, too 
heavy, &c. Dev. A little mouth . . . always a thought open, 
Phillpotts Striking Hours (1901) 90. Cor.^ 

6. A nicety. 

Twd. Sheep's held, singit to a thocht, BuCHANZ?H™f/(i898'i 271. 

THOUGHTY, adj. Sc. Also written thochty (Jam.). 
[I'o'xti.] Thoughtful, given to reflection ; attentive ; in- 

Sc. (G.W.) ; Fanny is two years j'ounger than I am, and not 
so thoughty, Petticoat Tales (1823) 11. no (Jam.). Gall. Just at a 
glance he mair wad ken Thau half a hunner thoughty men, 
Mactaggart Encycl. (1824) 189, ed. 1876. 

THOULESS, THOUM, see Thowless, Thumb. 

THOUMART, see Thummart. 

THOUSAND, num. adj. and sb. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Lan. 
Chs. Stf. Oxf. Ess. Cor. Also in forms theawsun, 
theawsunt s.Lan.' ; thoosan S. & Ork.' [Sc. Nhb. 
|iu'z3n(d, Lan. [■■e'zenft.] 1. num. adj. In comb, (i) 
Thousand-flower, the ivy-leaved toad-flax, Linaria Cym- 
halaria ; (2) -holes, the hairy St. John's wort, Hypericunt 
hirsutum ; (3) -leaf, {a) the coinnion yarrow, Achillea 
Millefolium ; ib) the sncezcwort, Achillea Ptarmica ; (4) 
-leaf grass, (5) -leaved clover, see (3, a) ; (6) -legs, (7) 
■taes, the centipede ; (8) — to one, a kind of pasty ; see 

(i) (2) n.Yks. (R.H.H.) (3, a') Lan. Nature Notes, No. 
ix. s.Lan.', Chs.' (i) Chs.3 (4) s.Stf. A hontle o' thousand le'f 
grass '11 improve yo'r herb tay, Pinnock Blk. Cy. Ann. (1895). 
(5) Bwk., Rxb. (B. & H.) Nhb.' (s.v. Hundred-leaved grass). 
1, 6) Oxf.' ^1/5. add. Ess. The thousand-legs eats and makes them 
scabby, Marshall Review 1 1817) 'V. 179. (7) S. & Ork.' MS. add. 
(8) Cor. Iheir pasties called 'A thousand to one,' for folks say 
you find a thousand bits of taty to one bit of meat in them, 
Shari.and Ways tillage {188^) 119. 
2. Plenty. 

s.Lan.' No mooar for me, thank-yo', aw've getten theawsuns. 




THOUSE, prep, and coiij. Dev. Cor. Also in form 
th'outs Dev. I. p'ep. Witliout, except. See Athout. 

Cor. I ain't had nawthin tiiuiisc bad speed never sencc, Hen- 
BERTHY IVarf) and H'oof, lo ; I'd come away Thouse my under- 
groun' clothes, Thomas Flooding of Whtal Oivles (1893) ; i^T.C.P ) 
2. coiij. Except, unless. 

Dev. I bant .igvvaine vur IQ dQ't th'outs yO'll g\e mc zommat vur 
my trubbiil, Hewett Peas. Sp. (189a). Cor.^ I shent go tbouse 
you go too. 

THOUT, I', and 56. Obs. Sc. Also written thaut Abd. 
(Jam.) \. v. To sob. Abd. Shirrefs Powms (1790) 67. 
2. sb. A sob. 

n.Sc. (Jam.) Abd. Her heart— Out at her mou' it just was like 
to bout Infill her lap at ilka ither thout [thaut, cd. 1768], Ross 
Heletiori 1^1768^, aa, ed. iBia. 

THOUT, THOUTS, sec Think, Thought, Thouse. 

THOVE, V. Ken.' The pret. of ' thieve.' 

THOW, sb. Sc. Perspiration, a profuse sweat ; a Jig. 
use of 'thaw.' 

SIk. The night is that muth an' breathless, I'm maist like to 
swairf. . . An' for you, ye are joost a' in ae thow, I see ; an' hae 
muckle mair need that I suld dash a sowp cauld water on you 
than steek the door, Hogg 7"ii/ts (1838) an, ed. 1866. 

THOWGHTS, sb. pi. Lin. Pieces of wool matted 
together, and hanging down in lengths of about four inches. 

Not in common use (J. C.W.I; (Hall.) 

THOWL, sb. Obs. n.Yks.« In phr. lo slarve like a 
thoivl, see below. 

He'll spend all his money and then starve like a thowl. 

THOWLESS, adj. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Also written 
thouless Sc. [f'au'lss.] Wanting in energy, inactive, 
weak, spiritless, lazy ; useless; insipid. Cf. thewless. 

Sc. I will not wait upon the thowless, thriftless, fissenless 
ministry of that carnal man, John Halftext the curate, Scott Uld 
Morlalily (1816) v. Elg. Thy weak hues, thy thowless pow'r, 
Hang, languid, cure the town, Couper Poetry ( i8o| ) I. 73. Abd. 
A blate thouless kind o' a cralur, Abd. iVHy. Free Press (Sept. 15, 
1900I. Per. The thowless wratch, Ian Maclaken Bn'er Biisli 
(1895) 190. w.Sc. Ither sic thowless rascals that wouldnae dae 
a hand's turn for their native place, Henderson Our Jeaines 
(1898) ia6. Ayr. Ye thowless jad ! Bvrns 2iid £fi. lo J. Lapraik 
(Apr. ai, 1785) St. 4. Lnk. Them that deal in tongue-repentance, 
A thowless flame, Coghill Poems (1890) 61. e.Ltli. I peety ony 
man wha gets ane o' the thowless, han'less tawpies. Hunter 
J. /mvick{ iSg^) 148. Dmf. Yon great thowless slotch, Hamilton 
Mmvkiit (1898) 22. Gall. A useless, thowless buddy (J.M.). 
Nhb.', Cum. 2 n.Yks.^ A poor thowless creature. 

Hence Thowlessness, sb. want of energy, sluggishness. 

Lth. She did not quite like some of Bell's remarks about 
* wasterfu'ness ' and ' thowlessness,' possibly because they were 
only too true, Strathesk More Bits (ed. 1885) ao6. 

[Prob. a deriv. oi OE.peaw, custom, manner, behaviour 

THOWLIE, adj. Obs. Sc. Listless, sluggish. Cf. 

Edb. Some said he kept trj'st wi' the witches, . . Because at 
morn he was sae thowlie, An' j'okit to his darg but dowlie, 
Learmont PoetHS (1791) 57. 

THO'W-THISTLE, sb. Yks. Not. Also in form thoo- 
thistle w.Yks.^ ?A mispronunciation of 'sow-thistle,' 
Soitchus oleraceus. w.Yks.* (s.v. Sowthistle), Not.*, s.Not. 

THOYL, see Thole, v. 

THRA(A, THRAAME, THRACE, see Throw, Tram, 
si.', Trace, v.' 

THRACK, V. Nhp.' [{>rak.] To pack full ; to stow 
with care. Cf. frack, v., thrag. ' It was thrackcd full.' 

THRACK, THRAE, see Track, sb.'', Thraw, adj., 
Thro, prep. 

THRAG, V. Bdf. [)>raeg.] To throng, crowd. Cf. 
frag, r.', thrack. 

The streets were Ihragged with people (J.W.B.) ; As full as it 
could thrag, Batchelor Anal. Eiig. Lang. (1809) 145. 

THRAIF, see Thrave, sb. 

THRAIL, sb. and i'. Nhb. Yks. Der. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Bdf. Hnt. [\>tI\, jjreal.] 1. sb. A flail. 

Nlib.', w.Yks.s, Der. 2, nw.Der.', Lei.', Nhp.", War.3 Bdf. 
Batchelor .<-Ihii/. Eiig. Lang. (1809) '45' H"'- (T.P.F.) 

2. Cotiip. Thrail-band, the portion ot a flail which con- 
nects the two ' cappings.' Bdf. (J.W.B.) 3. v. To 
thresh with a flail. War.' 

THRAIL, THRAILIN, see Trail, Trailinfg. 

THRAIN, V. and sb. Sc. [f)ren.] 1. v. To harp 
constantly on one subject. Cf. thren(e. 

Sc. (Jam.) e.Fif. Juist ane o' Tibbie's raven ringlets ! The very 
treasure I'd been thrainin' aboot for lang an" had never been able 
to procure ! I.atto 7am Bodtin (i864'> xiv. 
2. sb. A refrain, constant repetition. 

Edb. Ill do sic wanton thrains become the Holy Name ; O sound 
His praise in the grand auld strains that fill the kirks at hame, 
Edwards Mod. Po/ls, 6th S. iia. 

THRAIF, see Threap. 

THRAIVELESS, adj Irel. Nhb. Also written 
thraveless Ant.; and in form threeveless N.Cy.' Nhb.' 
[Jjre'vlas ; }>rTvl3s.] Useless, bootless ; of a person : 
careless; disinclined to do anything; silly; silly-looking. 
Cf. thieveless. 

N.I.' Applied to a person disinclined to do anything, the dis- 
inclination arising from weakness. 'I was thraiveless after that 
long illness.' Ant. A wus jest thraveless at him [meaning he 
(the listener') who did not believe the story some one told, and 
was in the nature of a simpleton from astonishment], Ballymma 
Obs. (189a). N.Cy.' (s.v. Sleeveless). Nhb.' 'A threeveless 
errand,' one where the messenger is sent with ' his fingers in his 
mouth '^with insullicient information, and consequently bootless. 

THRALAGE, sb. Obs. n.Cy. Nhb. Lin. Also written 
thrallage Lin.' Bondage ; pecuniary difficulty ; per- 
plexity. See Thirl, d.' 1 (2). 

N.Cy.', Nhb.' Lin. (Hall.) ; Lin.' He was in such a thrallage. 

THRALDOM, sb. Sc. Also in form traldom Sh.L 
Servitude ; oppression ; trouble. 

Sh.I. Tinks I, "dis maun be sumtin serious. A'll wager Girzzie 
'ill be gaein ta yall apo' me tacome ta me eftermn, bit dat's did 
stramp, fil I hear da end o' Bawby's traldom,' Sh. Netvs (Nov. 9, 
1901). Edb. Eild and thraldom never stays, Fergusson Poems 
('773) 235. ed. 1785. 

THRALE, sb. Hmp. [Srel ; drel.] The flower of 
the oak. (H.E.) Cf. drale. 

THRALL, sb.' and v. Obs. or 0650/. Sc. Lan. Also in 
forms thraw Sc. ; traayll Sh.I. 1. sb. Oppression; 
restraint ; trouble, worry. See Thirl, v.' 

Edb. She wha keeps this heart o' mine Deep in her een's be- 
witching thraw, Maci agan Pu<-»is(i85i) 17a. Lan. In my trouble 
and thrall, Roby Trad. ,1829) II. 26, ed. 1872. 

2. Coiiip. Traayll-fangin, a thrall-captive ; used of an 
odd, small, and square-built person. 

Sh.I. It may be seen from the use of this word, that the thralls 
(war-captives) of the ancient Shetland vikings have been generally 
of smaller size than their conquerors and masters, Jakobsen £)iii/. 
(1897) 48. 

3. V. To oppress. 

Edb. I'm wi' sic a grievance thrall'd, Fergusson Poems (1773) 
174, ed. 1785. 

THRALL, sb.' Midi. Der. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Glo. Also written thrawl Lin.' sw.Lin.' War.' [|""9l.] 
A stand or frame for barrels, milk-pans, &c. ; occas. a 

Midi. The dairy thralls, I might ha' wrote my name on 'em, Geo. 
Eliot A. Bede (1859) I. 109. Der.*, nw.Der.', Not. (L.C.M.), Lin.', 
sw Lin.', Lei.' Nhp.' Beer-barrels and thralls are advertised for 
sale in the Northampton Mercury. War.'*' Glo. Northall 
a I. (1896). 

THRALLAGE, see Thralage. 

THRALLING, .si. Obs. Nhb. A wall which formed 
a barrier. Cf. thwartner. 

The Roman thralling or barrier wall, Richardson Borderers 
Tahle-ht. (18461 VI. 240. 

THRALLOP, see Trollop, v.' 

THRALLOPS, THRALY, see Trollops, Traily. 

THRAM, V. Sc. 1. Oi.s. To thrive. 

Mry. (Jam.) Abd. While we honest means pursue, We yet 
may chance to thram, Shirrefs Poems (1790) 360 ; As yon braw 
laird, well mat he thram, fand me, Ross Htlenore (1768 43, ed. 
i8ia ; Ye'll no thram well, as lang's ye lie your lane, ih. 105. 
2. In phr. ill I h ram ye, a malediction. Cai.' 




THRAM, adj. War. [J)ram.] Of grain : in a raw, 
damp condition. Morton Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 

THRAM, see Throin. 

THRAMLE, v. Obs. Sc. Also written thramnile. 
To wind ; to reel ; also with off. Cf. thrumble. 

Bch. Fu' fast she's ca'd the rim about, An' thraml't aflf \vi' awfu' 
rowt, Tarras Poems (1804) 112 (Jam.). 

THRAMMEL, sb.^ Sc. Also written thrammle Abd. 
[fira'inl.] A rope to fasten cattle in the stall. 

Cai.i Mry., Bnff. Fastened at one end to the bakie, or slake, at 
the other to the sele, or yoke, which goes round the neck, having 
a swivel at the end which joins the sele (Jam.). Abd. Sells an' 
thrammles, Alexander yo/i>i)i)' Gibb (1871) xxvii. Rnf. 1 Jam.1 

THRAMMEL, sb.^ Bnft". (Jam.) A little meal put into 
the mouth of a sack at a mill, having a small quantity of 
water or ale poured in, and stirred about. Gen. in comb. 
Meal and thrammel (q.v.). 

THRAMMON, THRAMP, see Trammon, Tramp, v.'- 

THRAMP-WITH, sb. Obs. Chs. Also in form 
thrump-. A sliding noose of withy or rope to fasten 
cows in their stalls. (K., s.v. Sahl) ; Chs.' Cf. franipot. 

THRANEEN, THRANG, see Traneen. Throng. 

THRANGERIE, sb. Obs. Sc. A bustle ; a busy time. 
See Throng, 3. 

Ayr. (Jam.) ; She has such a heart for thrangerie, Galt Entail 
(1823) 1. 

THRANGITY, sb. Sc. Also written thrangatie, 
thrangetty. [J>ra'r)giti, -sti.] Press of work ; the state 
of being busy. See Throng, 3. 

Sc. Ye'll no ha'e been muckle frae hame yoursell, either, wi' 
the thrangatie, Ochiltree Redbtirn (1895) ix. Fif. (Jam.) Ayr. 
Now I am near to the gloaming of a lang lifetime of thrangetty. 
Service Dr. Dugtiid (ed. 1887"! 185. Lnk. In siccan times, baith 
air an' late. The thrangity wi' horse was great, Murdoch Doric 
Lyre (1873) 25. 

THRANK, THRANSMOGNIFY, see Throng, Trans- 

THRAP, V. and s6.' Ess. [Jraep.] 1. v. To crowd. 
Monthly Mag. (1814) I. 498 ; Ess.' Hence Thraptfull, 
adj. excessively crowded, ib. 2. sb. A crowd. Gi. 
(1851) ; Ess.' 

THRAP, sb.' N.I.' [Jirap.] The windpipe; the 
throat. See Thropple, sb. 1. 

THRAP, see Threap, Throp, Trap, sb.^' 

THRAPE, sb. VVor. A mark, stripe. 

He knew the marrow produced because of the black thrape 
round it, Evesham Jrn. (Sept. 28, 1901); A knaowed the mallah 
alung o' the thrape as thur wuz ov 'im (H.K.) ; (R.M.E.) 

THRAPE, V. Hrf.= To kill small birds. 

Of an absent Sunday scholar ' He's gone thraping.' 

THRAPE, THRAPES. see Threap, Trapes. 

THRAPPLE, see Thropple, sb. 

THRAPPLE-PLOUGH, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written 
thraple-. The old wooden plough with one stilt. 

The old Thraple plough is now seldom to be seen except in the 
remote Highlands, or in the Orkneys. It was also called the 
Rotheram plough, and was entirely composed of wood, witli the 
exception of the culter and sock, and had but one stilt. It was 
drawn by four garrons or oxen yoked abreast to a cross-bar, 
which was fastened to the beam by thongs of raw hide or ropes of 
hair; and he who managed the stilt held it close and firm to his 
right thigh, to protect which he had the skin ... of an animal 
wrapt around it. To keep the plough sufficiently deep in the 
earth a person was required to press it down, while another 
performed the office of driver by placing himself between the two 
central animals, where he walked backwards, protecting himself 
from falling by placing both arms over their necks. The mould- 
board was ribbed or furrowed, in order to break the land, Logal 
Gael red. 1876) II. 95-6 in ^Jam. SuMl.). 

THRAPSE, see Trapes. 

THRAPSING, sb. Stf.' [bra'psin.] A thrashing. 
Cf threap, 9. 

THRASH, see Thresh, sb.^, v., Trash, s6." 

THRASHAL, THRASH AT, see Threshel, sb.'', 

THRASSEL, THRAST, see Threshel, sb.', Thrust. 

THRATCH, z/.i and s6.» Obs. Sc. 1. v. To gasp 
convulsively, as in the death-agony. 

Sc. Graenin in mortal agony Their steeds were thratchin near, 
Jamieson Pop. Ballads (1806) I. 245 ; She fainted, thratched and 
groaned, Meston PocI. ll'ks. 84. n.Sc. (Jam.) Frf. Thratch an' 
thraw fur want of breath, Beattie Aruha' (c. 182OJ 28, ed. 1882. 

2. sb. The oppressed and violent respiration of one in 
the last agonj'. n.Sc. (Jam.) 

THRATCH, V.' and sb.' Yks. [})ratj.] 1. v. To 
quarrel. See Fratch. 

w.Yks.^ Thuh lead a sore life ; — thratch, thratch, thratch, awlus 
thratching ! 
2. sb. A quarrel. 

w.Yks. A liltle lass in a thratch wi' 'ursel'n, Ellis Prominc. 
(1889^ V. 404 ; w.Yks.5 Ah'll goa hev a good thratch wi' t'doUy ! 

THRATH, THRATTLE,see Troth, Throttle, Trattle. 

THRAVALLY, see Trevelly. 

THRAVE, sb. and v.' Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. 
Yks. Lam. Chs. Midi. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Won Shr. Hrf. Glo. Hrt. e.An. Also in forms thraif Sc. 
(Jam.); threave Sc. (Jam.) N.I.' Nhb.' Dur.' n.Yks.^ 
e.Yks. m.Yks.' w.Yks.' s.Lan.' Midi. Stf.' s.Wor.' Glo.' ; 
threeav Cum.'* n.Yks.* ; threeave Cum. n. Yks.' ; threefe 
n.Yks.°; threave Wm. ne.Yks.'; threve Cum.'*; thrieve 
Sc. (Jam.); thriv- Bnff.'; traeve Sh.L ; trave Sh.L 
n.Yks.* e.An. [firev, |jriv, Jiriav.] 1. sb. A measure of 
corn, straw, &c., gen. consisting of two ' stocks' of twelve 
sheaves each. Also used fig. Cf. drave, sb.' 

Sc. I have thrashed a few thrieves in the minister's barn, prime 
oats they were, Lights and Shadows (1822) 214 (Jam.). Sh.I. 
What mak's doo o' da twartree traeve o' bare, Sh. News (Sept. 22, 
1900). Abd. Coont the sheaves I've stookit, by the tlirave, 
Murray Haniewilh (1900) 26. Kcd. He had thrashed a threave, 
Jamie Mtise (1844) 92. Per. The Threave was a fixed unit of 
measurement, and for oats and barley consisted of two stooks 
of twelve sheaves each. Fourteen sheaves composed a stook of 
wheat. The sheaf was of course of determinate size. A sheaf 
of oats or barley required to be ten inches in diameter measured 
at the band, and a sheaf of wheat twelve inches. When reapers 
were paid by the piece — that is directly in proportion to the amount 
of their work and not by the time for which they promised their 
services — their wages were calculated at so much per threave. 
Threepence was the ordinary allowance for harvesting a threave 
of oats or barley, and fourpence for one of wheat, HALiBuiiTON 
PitirAtild Scot. (1887) 144-5. ^'f' CoLviLLE Vernacular {iSgci) 14 ; 
Twenty sheaves of wheat, Morton Cyclo. Agric. (1863). s.Sc. 
(Jam.) Ayr. A daimen-icker in a thrave, Burns To a Mojtse 
(1785) St. 3. w.Lth. Fourteen sheaves of wheat is a threave, 
Morton Cyclo. Agn'c. (1863). Dmf. Their corn's put up in 
'stampcoles' and in ' thrieves,' Wallace 5r//oo/»;rt5^fr (1899) 339. 
N.I.' N.Cy.' A quantity of straw, consisting of twelve fads or 
fauds ; N.Cy.^, Nhb.i Dur.' A bundle of straw equal to twelve 
battens. Cum.'* Wm. },ioRTOti Cyclo. Agric. (1863I. n.Yks.'; 
n.Yks. 2 Twelve sheaves of corn, or twelve trusses of straw ; 
n.Yks.3* ne.Yks.' Twelve loggins or battens of drawn straw for 
thatching, each tied with two bands. Sixpence perthreeve is the 
usual payment for drawing straw, and wlien similarly paid men 
are said to work * by threeave.' e.Yks. Marshall Pur. Econ. 
(1788). m.Yks.' A large pile of sheaves; of wheat, twelve; of 
'ling,' or broom-heath, twenty-four; of str.iw, twelve 'bats,' or 
sheaves. w.Yks.'^^ Lan. Produce was fourteen threave to the 
acre, and four bushels in the threave. Young Annals Agric. 
(1784-1815) XLIV. 17. ne.Lan.1, s.Lan.', Chs.>=s s.Chs.' A 
farmer will speak of having so many thrave to the acre. Midi. 
Marshall y?Hr. £'coH. (1796) II. Stf.', Der.'= s.Not. He paid 
his thrashers alius by the thrave (J.P.K.V Lin. Streatfeild Lin. 
and Da>ies {i88^) ^-ji. n. Lin.', Lei.' Nhp. Ten sheaves of corn 
(W.W.S.'). War. 3 Three shocks, or 24 sheaves of wheat. The 
custom was to put 8 sheaves in the shock, but when 'hackling' 
was introduced, 12 would be sometimes used, but the thrave was 
always 24. w.Wor.' Bundle of straw of twenty-four boltings. 
se.Wor.', s.Wor.' Shr.' A term always used in the singular 
number, — 'The Maister's sen' to know if yo' can lend 'im five or 
six thrave o' straw'; Shr. 2 Twenty thrave to the .ncre. Hrf.", 
Glo.' Hrt. If every thrave [of wheat] contained four shocks, and 
every shock six sheaves, you had at the rate of thirty thrave to 
the acre, Ellis Mod. Husb. (17501 IV. iv. 96. Suf. (S.P.H.) 
Ess. A double row of sheaves of corn placed facing each other 




2. A portion of tillage ground. Nhb.' 3. A consider- 
able number or quantity ; a crowd, throng. 

Sc. (Jam.) Sli.I. A pound 0' butter is no muckle among a (rave 
o' dogs, S/i. News (Oct 23, 1897). SIg. Our drunken gallows- 
slaves, When o'er Iheir gills they meet in thravcs, Galloway 
Poems (1792) 31. Lnk. In came visitants a threave, Ramsay 
Poems (ed. 1800^ II. 463 (Jam.\ Rxb. Wi' commentators at his 
lug. Which he from shelves in thiaves did rug, RuiCKniE IVaysii/e 
Colleger 180-]) 130. Cum. They [thieves] wad come i' threeaves, 
DiKon Bonmcc/nfe i86g 6. s.Lan.', Stf.', Nhp.' War.HoLLOWAY. 

4. V. To put corn into shocks. Ess. (J.W.) Hence (i) 
Threaver or Thrivver, sb. a man who is paid according 
to the number of thraves' lie cuts down ; (2) Threaving:, 
sb. the method of payment according to the number of 
' thraves' cut. 

(1) n.Sc. Jam.), Bnff.i Kcd. While a reaper cuts, in the usual 
hasty manner of a feed shearer, at the rate of nine tlueaves a day, 
a threaver will, with less labour to himself, cut ten threaves in 
the same time, Agric. Siiiv. 264 (Jam.). (2) n.Sc. (Jam.) Kcd. 
Threaving. This consists of paying each reaper individually 
according to his daily work, ascertained by the number of threaves, 
of two stooks each, and every stook twelve sheaves, and each sheaf 
at the band to fill a fork ten inches wide between the prongs. 
The price commonly given is four-pence the threave, Agric. Siirv. 
264 (<'A.). 

5. To throng, crowd. 

Nhp.' How they go thraving along to church ! War.' 

[1. Ac 1 have thoujtes a threve of this thre piles, P. 
Ptoumtan (b.) xvi. 55. ON. J'refi, a number of sheaves 

THRAVE, v.- Obs. Lin. To urge, importune. 

Vox agro Line, usitatissima, Skinner (1671) ; Kay(i69i); Lin.' 

[OE.J>ra/iaii, to urge ( Sweet 1.] 

THRAVE, THRAVEL, see Thrive, v., Travel. 

THRAVELESS, see Thraiveless. 

THRAViT, sb. and f.' Sc. n.Cy. Also written thra Sc. 
[jjra.] 1. sb. A dial, form of throe.' See Dead-thraw, 
s.v. Dead, sb.'' 2 (29, a). 

Sc. I Jam.) ; To die with a thrawis reckoned an obvious indication 
of a bad conscience, Bkand Po/>. Aiiliq. (18131 "'• 234, cd. 1848. 
Ayr. If she winna ease the thraws, Burns Blilhe hae I been, st. i. 

2. V. To sufTer pain. 

Frf. Oor flowrie thraw'd wi' pain, Reid Heal/ierland (i8g^) 18. 
Ag». (Jam.) Lnk. Altho' wi' pains lie girn and greet, And thraw, 
and twist like any sweevel, M'Indoe Poems (1805) 39. Dmf. I 
thought his heart begude to thraw, I thought the tears began to 
faa, Shennan Tales (1831) 37. 

THRA-W, V.'' Obs. Lth. (Jam.) To make rapid 
growth ; esp. used of j'oung people. 

THRA"W, adj. Sc. Irel. Yks. Lan. Also in forms 
thrae Sc. (Jam.) ; threa Yks. ; throw Lan. ; thry Abd. ; 
trae Gall. ; tray S. & Ork.' 1. Awry. Uls. (M.B.-S.) 
See Throw, II. 16, Thrawn. 2. Stift, stubborn ; cross ; 
reluctant or unwilling to do anything. 

S. & Ork.' Abd. He continu'd obstinate and thry, Ross Helenore 
(1768 105, ed. i8ia. Per. Jam.) Ayr. Oor present Duke's nae 
thraw man, Lang Poems (1894) 41. Gall. Mactaggart Encycl. 
(1824). w.Yks. HuTTON Tour to Caves {ii8i). Lan. Thorneeu 
Hht. Btad'pool {183-1) no. 

3. Obs. Of fortune : adverse. 
Abd.Ourfortune'sbeenbutthry, Ross//f/«ior<(i768)5i,ed. 18 12. 

4. Coiup. (1) Thraw-gabbit, peevish ; (2) -mule, a per- 
verse and obstinate person; (3) -neckit, having the neck 
twisted (by hanging) ; (4) -sitten, lazy, stupefied. 

(i; Cld. My wife . . . cb's me a niggardly thraw-gabbit carlie, 
Nimho Siigs. (i88a) 117. (a) N.I.' (31 Dmf. Buccleuch would 
sooner git his forty score hogs than a pair of poor thraw-neckit 
corpses, HAniLTOtiAfawkin(i8g8) 275. 4 Or.I.(,S.A.S.),S.&Ork.' 

THRAW, see Thrall, sb.\ Throw. 

THRAW ART, adj. and sb. Sc. Also in forms 
thrawort Sc. ; traaward S. & Ork.' ; trawird Sh.L 
[f>rawart, -ward.] I. adj. Twisted, crooked. Cf. throw, 
II. 16. 

Frf. His chin an' his nosie . . . Wcrcna sae rosie, Sae hookit, 

and thrawart,in days langawa', Reit> Heal/ierland {i8g.\) 7a. Ink. 

Man's life's ... A chain o' mony thrawart links, Watt Poems 

(1827) 15. Edb. Nature is like a flighty jade, . . and gangs at 


times a thrawart gate, BEATTYS*a-</(Tr(i897)aii. Gall. Nicholson 
Poe/. H'is. (1814) 125, ed. 1897. 

2. Perverse, stubborn, ill-tempered, peevish ; unwilling, 

Sc. If you get impatient it [a lamp] '11 turn thrawart, and do 
nothing but smoke and smell, Keith /"/Kf 11895 '5'- Sh.I. Dat 
trawird auld deevil. Sli. News May ao, 1899"! ; S. & Ork.' e.Sc. 
His thrawart granny, Strain Elms/ie's Diagiiel 1900) 168. Frf. 
He didna care though the warld tumilt ovcrbuird a' thegither, 
just because his sweetheart is thrawart, Willock Roselly Ends 

(1886) 58, ed. 1889. s.Sc. The wicked thrawart loon, Allan Poems 

(1887) 77. Edb. This sam' lucky Was e'en a dour an' thrawart 
bucky. Till! Qiiey (1796) 14. Bwk. When thrawart hearts wad 
frae the richt, On illrades gang, Calder Poems 1897) aSi. 

Hence Thrawartlike, adj. having the appearance of 
ill-temper or reluctance. 

Sc. (Jam.) Abd. Very thrawart like I yeed in by, Ross Helenore 
(1768 37, ed. 1813. 

3. Of fate, &c.: adverse, unfavourable. 

Sc. Since it's sae I'sc no repent, Nor at my thrawart fate relent, 
Shepherds Wedding (1789) v. e.Sc. In the face o' his granny's 
opposection an' his ain thrawart circumstances, Strain Elms/ie's 
Drag-net (igoo' 165. Per. Let's tak' occasion fra the day To 
triumph owre a thrawart fate, Halibi;rton Horace (1886) 63. 
Edb. Our thrawart lot we bure thegither, FERGussoN/'ofms(i773) 
174, ed. 1785. Bwk. Henderson Pop. Rhymes (1856 169. 

4. sb. In phr. /ifad and //iran'ar/, with the head of one 
person against the feet of another ; /ig. in confusion ; 
pell-mell. See Head, II. 2 (13). 

Dmf. The rest of you can streik yourselves doun on the floor, 
heads and thrawarts, or just any how you will, Hamilton Maiikin 
(1898) 254. Per. Head an' thrawart, back an' face, We sat 
proroiscouslie, Ford //rtr/i (1893) 156. 

THRAWIN, sec Thrawn. 

THRAWL, V. Lan. To argue hotly and loudly. Cf. 
threap, 5. 

Thrawlin' an' faytin' abeawt whether reds or blues are th' 
better liberals, Standing £'f/io« 1885) 9. e. Lan. The word has 
nearly died out, ' threapin 'beingsubstituted more frequently (S.W.). 

THRAWL, see Thrall, si.' 

THRAWN, ppj. adj., adv. and sb. Sc. Irel. Dur. Also 
written thraun Sc. ; and in forms thrawen Sc. ; thrawin 
Sc. (Jam.) [Sc. })ran.] 1. //>/. adi. Twisted, distorted, 
misshapen; uneven; winding; of the brow: knitted. A 
dial, form oi pp. ' thrown.' 

Sc. A toom purse makes a thrawn face, Kelly Prov. (1721) 53 ; 
111 be as thrawn 's you, though you were as thrawn 's the woody, 
Donald and Flora, 13 (Jam.). Abd. He was a bit thrawn, too, 
and gaylins gyke-neckit, For aft on his shouther his head j'e wad 
fin', Cadeniiead Bon-Actord ^1853' 255, Frf. Juist a wee cripple 
laddie. A' his backie humped an' thrawn, Reid Hcatherland (1894) 
103. e.Ltb. He was as thrawn as the hint leg o' a cuddy, Hunter 
J. Inwick (1895) 68. Ant. As thrawin' as a dug's hin' leg, 
Ballymena Obs. (1892). 

Hence (i) Thrawn-like, adj. distorted ; (2) thrawn in 
the fleck, phr. stift-necked. 

(I) Frf. Their faces sae lhrawnlikewi'girnin'an'greed,Z.o«^«/o»rs 
Mag. (Feb. 1893) 438. (2) Sc. The deil-begotten, cantankerous, 
thrawn-in-the-neck, ungrateful pests o' society that would far 
raither gang the wrang road than the right ane, Henderson Our 
Jcanics (1898) 128, 

2. Comb, (i) Thrawn-body, a cross person; (2) -days, 
a name for a spoilt, petted child; also in phr. aidd thrazven 
days; (3) -faced, having distorted features, surlj'-faccd ; 
(4) -gabbit, having a twisted or contorted mouth ; ^g. 
peevish, ill-tempered, quarrelsome; contradictory; (5) 
-headed, (6) -muggent, obs., (71 -natured, perverse; (8) 
-runiplet, twisted ; (9) -stick, a queer, obstinate person. 

(i) Per. Domsie's a thrawn body at the best. Ian Maclaren 
Brier Bnsh (1895) 32. Uls. (M.B.-S.) (a) Gall. Mactaggart 
Encycl. (1834); Transferred perhaps to the child itself from the 
circumstance of his being occasionally actuated by a perverse 
humour for a whole day, whence it might be said ' This is one o' 
his thrawn days' Jam.). (3) s.Sc. Thrawn-fac't politicians, now as 
thick r mony spats as paddocks in a pool, T. Scott Poems (1793) 
365. GaU. Wad yedaur to counter EppieTamson wi'your ill-talk, 
ye wee thiawn-faced atomy ? Crockett Dark o' Moon (1902) 105. 
(_4) Sc. Mackay. Lnk. Sic a thrawngabet chuck, Ramsay Poems 
(1721) 228. Rxb. His shackle-bane bruk by thrawngabbit auld 





guidwives, Hamilton Ouflaws (1897) 103. (5) S!g. Fortune, 
that thrawn-headed slut, Has gaen ye your share o' misluck, 
Galloway Poems (1795) 11. 1,6) Ags. (Jam.) (7) Ayr. A set of 
thrawn-nalured tenants, Galt Entail (1823) xii. (8) Hdg. This 
rare stable Patriarch, Ane-e'e'd, thrawn-riimplet, gaunt, and 
stark, LuMSDEN Poems 1,1896) 14. (9^ Gall. Some buiks o' Tamnias 
Carlyle, thrawn stick as he was, hae garred anither thrawn stick 
o' afarmer body lift his een abune the no wt an' the shairn, Crockett 
Stickit Mill. (1893) 23. 

3. Perverse, obstinate; cross-grained; rebellious; morally 

Sc. ;Jam.) ; A thrawin question should have a thrawart answer, 
Ramsay Piov. (1737). ne.Sc. For as thrawn as Jock wist' gae t' 
the skweel. Green Gordonhavcn (1887) 28. Cai. ' e.Sc. Call to 
mind what the thrawn wee cr'ature has cost me first and last, 
Strain Ehnslie's Drag-net (igoo~) 97. Arg. A fine spinner and 
knitter, but thrawn in the temper, Munro J. Splendid (1898) 225. 
Fif. She . . . soon got out of patience with the thrawin, contermas- 
tius j'oungster, Colville Vernacular (1899) 17. s.Sc. My ain 
opeenion is that the horse is kittle, an' that a thrawn carle sits on 
it, Snaith Fiercelieaii (1897 66. n.Ir. The farmer, the sowl, was 
as thrawn as a mule, Lays and Leg. 1 1884) 6. Dwn. He's as 
thrawin' as a mule, Lyttle Ballycuddy ,1892; 24. 

Hence (i) Thrawnly, adv. crosslj' ; (2) Thrawnness, 
sb. perverseness, obstinacj', contrariness. 

(i) Twd. 'What bird are ye?' he asked thrawnl3', Buchan 
Weather (1899) 250. (2) Sc. (Jam.) e.Sc. There's just nae end to 
the thrawnness o' a woman that's in the wrang ! Strain Ehnslie's 
Drag net (igoo) 186. Frf. How thoroughl3' Scotch the thrawnness! 
Inglis .i^iH Flk. (1895) 130. Ayr. The leg will be stiff for mony a 
day to come, and like a timmer ane for vera thrawnness when I want 
to set it doon. Service Noiandutns (1890) 48. Kcb. For pure 
thrawnness they may not. For utter dour devilment commend me 
to some of your extra-religious folk, MuiR Mnncraig (1900) 182. 

4. Of the weather: disagreeable, bitter. 

Sc. Not in a thrawn wind like this. You'll bide at home, Keith 
Bonnie Lady (1897) 56. 

5. adv. Angrily, crossly. 

Frf. He cried it oot fell thrawn, Barrie Thrums (1889) xix. 

6. sb. Obs. Ascolding, chiding; a sharp reproof. Dur.(K.) 

Traneen, Thraw, adj. 

THREAD, sb. and v. Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. Also in forms threead w.Ylcs. ; threed Sc. e.Yks.' 
w.Yks.'; thrid Nhb. s.Chs.' ; treed Sh.I. ; prct. thrid 
Dwn. [jsred; {)rld, J^riad, fjrid.] \. sb. In phr. (i)/ro;/; 
the thread to the needle, Jig. from beginning to end, the 
whole, every particular; (2) thread of blue, any little 
smutty touch in song-singing, chatting, or piece of 
writing ; {3) — 0/ life, the creeping saxifrage, Sa.xifraga 
sarmentosa ; (4) to rim up or sew with a not needle and 
burning thread, lo sew hastily and carelessly; (5) to sing 
three threads and a thrum, of a cat : to purr ; see also 
Three, 1 (34). 

(i) w.Yks. Micky tell'd him all t'concarn fra t'threead ta t'needle, 
Lucas Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882) 220 ; w.Yks. • (2) Gall. Mac- 
tagg ART £■;((:_)'(:/. (1824). (3) Nhp. The threadlike runners giving rise 
to new plants having suggested the name (B. & H.). {4) ne.Wor. 
(J.W.P.), Sur. (L.J.Y.) w.Cor. This will soon unrip ; it's run up 
with a hot needle and burning thread (M.A.C.). (5) Ayr. I took 
baudrons in my arms, and she sang three threeds and a thrum all 
the way to the window. Hunter Studies (1870) 6. 

2. Camp, (i) Thread-dry, quite dry, not the least wet ; 
(2) -ends, bits of thread ; (3) -lapper, a thread-spinner; 
(4) -pirn, a reel for thread, l^c. ; (5) -thrum, a tangle. 

(i Gall. Standing thread-dry on solid ground, Crockett Grey Man 
(1896 258. '2') w.Cy. Don't throw them thread-ends on the floor, 
Cornh. Mag. (Dec. 1900) 749. (3' Abd. A coterie of weavers, 
thread-lappers, and hecklers, Anderson Rhytnes (ed. 1867) 196. 
{4) Ayr. Weavers' ' thread-pirns,' which they turn out in large 
quantities from the hard birchwood indigenous to the craggy slopes 
of their native hills, Ochiltree Out of Shroud (1897) 8. (5) 
s.Chs.i Dhis tli5okin z au- in 11 thrid-thriim. 

3. Linen thread in contradistinction to cotton. e.Yks.' 

4. Fig. The thread of life. 

Dev. 'Tis time your wicked thread was cut an' "Veolands did 
cease out of the land : Phillpotts Sons of Morning (1900) 39 ; 
She'm dead as a nail, an' I'm glad 'twas I as cut her thread, ib. 427.' 

5. Fig. A slip, stripling. 

Dev. There's many a thread of a boy that 'ud beat'ee at playing 
the man, Zack White Cottage (1901) 28. 

6. The spiral convexity of a screw. 

w.Som.' Here, you must cut some more dread to this here bolt. 

7. A mining term : a horizontal parting in a stratum. 
Nhb.i Nhb., Dur. ' Sandstone roofs ' are subject to fissures of 

various sizes and extent, called threads and gullets by the colliers, 
the larger ones being called gullets, Trans. Nat. Hist. Sac. (1830) 
I. 186. 

Hence (i) Threadings, thin layers or strata ; (2) 
Thready, adj. in thin layers or streaks ; filmy. 

(i) Nhb., Dur. Red and grey metal threadings, Borings (1881) 
H. 150. (2) Nhb.' Nhb., Dur. Strong thready white post with 
whin and water, Borings (1881) H. 10. 

8. Obs. A thin stream of water issuing from a horizontal 
parting in a stratum. 

Nhb., Dur. The least thread or leak of water, Compleat Collier 

9. V. Phr. thread the needle, — my grandmother's or the 
tailor's needle, or — the needle-eye, a game ; see below. 

Frf. Then there was thread the needle-e'e, boys, Inglis AiK 
Flk. (1895) 99. N.I.i Thread the needle and sew. Ant. [At 
Belfast] Open your gates as wide as I And let King George's 
horse by ; For the night is dark and we cannot see, But thread 
your long needle and sew, GoMMEGnwfs (1898) 228. Win. It is, 
or was, the custom at Kendal for young people to assemble in the 
Vicar's fields on Easter Tuesday ; and, after spending the after- 
noon there, to return in procession through the streets, 'thread- 
ing grandy needles,' N. & Q. (1867) 3rd S. xii. 329. Lan. 
Engaged in the games of . . . thread my needle, Harland & 
Wilkinson /"/i-£ore (1867) 255. Stf. Gomme lA. 229. Lin. Hop 
my needle, burn my thread, Come thread my needle, Jo hey, ib. 
Lei. It was formerly the custom on Shrove Tuesday for the lads 
and lasses to meet in the gallery of the Women's Ward in Trinity 
Hospital to play at ' Thread the Needle ' and similar games, 
BiLLSON Lei. Cty. Flk-Lore,ii4, in Gomme ib. 231. War. Northall 
Flk-Rliymes (1892) 397; The players after passing under the 
clasped hands, all circle or wind round one of their number, who 
stands still, Gomme ib. 230. Wor. One custom of the town 
[Evesham] is connected with a sport called 'Thread my needle,' 
a game played here by the children of the town throughout the 
various streets at sunset upon Easter Monday and at no other 
period throughout the year. The players cry, while elevating 
their arms arch-wise — ' Open the gates as high as the sky. And 
let Victoria's troops pass by,' May Hist. Evesham, 319, in Gomme 
ib. 231. Shr. [At Ellesmere] the game of ' Thread the needle,' 
there formerly called 'Crewduck,' which still survives among the 
little girls, though it is not now confined to a special day, Burne 
Flk-Lore (18831 522. Hrt. [In the Harpenden version] the two 
first [children] hold up a handkerchief, and the children all run 
under, beginning with the last couple, Gomme ib. 230. Lon. The 
last line 'To thread my grandmother's needle' is called out in 
quite dilTerent tones from the rest of the rhyme, ib. Snf.' 
Threading the tailor's needle. Ess. Thread the tailor's needle, 
The tailor's blind so he can't see ; So open the gates as wide as 
wiile, And let King George and his lady pass by, Flk-Lore Rec. 
(.1880) III. 170. Ken. 'Kiss in the Ring' and 'Threading my 
Grandmother's Needle,' too, are sports which receive their full 
share of patronage, Dickens Sketches by Bos (1836) Greemvich Fair. 
e.Sus. A number of girls form a ring, holding each other's hands, 
then one lets go and passes under the arms of two, who still join 
hands, and the others all follow, holding each other's hand orpart 
of their dress, Holloway. Hmp. Gomme ib. 229. Wil. A game 
known as ' Thread the needle' used to be the favourite sport with 
the lads and lasses of Trowbridge on the evening of Shrove 
Tuesday, N. & Q. (1879) 5'h S. xi. 226 ; Wil.' A very complicated 
form of this children's game is played at Deverill, under the name 
of Dred-th'-wold-'ooman's-necdie. Som. Jennings Obs. Dial. 
w.Eiig. (1825). s.Som. At South Petherton, 60 or 70 years ago, 
it was the practice of the young folks of both sexes to meet in or 
near the market-place, and there commence ' threading the needle ' 
through the streets. . . They proceeded still ' threading the needle ' 
to the church, which they tried to encircle with joined hands. . . 
Old people . . . say that it always commenced in the afternoon or 
evening of Shrove Tuesday, ' after having eaten of their pancakes,' 
GoHME ib. 231. Cor. To ' thread the needle,' now their skill they 
try ; All, joined and rushing, shout ' an eye ! an eye 1 ' The hind- 
most stop, the foremost wheel about : ' An eye ! an eye ! ! ' more 
loudly still they shout. The eye is formed ; the couple in the 




rear Sland wide apart, their hands clasped liigh in air ; This arch, 
or eye, llic foremost swift pass througli, And draw the living 
thread as if it Hew, Trenhaii-e Dolly Fcnireath, 6. (The children 
stand in two long rows, each holding the hand of the opposite 
cliild, the last two forming an arch. They sing the lines, and 
while doing so the other children run under the raised arms. 
When all have passed under, ihe first two hold up their hands, 
and so on again and again, each pair in turn becoming the arch, 
GoMME ib. 239] 

10. To pass, follow in succession ; to pass through. 
Dwn. He thrid the glimmering woodland tall, Savage- Armstrong 

Ballads (igoi) 240. Nhb. 1 could not thrid the window-pane, 
KicnARDSON Boideier's Table bk. (1846) VII. 197. n.Dev. The 
months kept threading themselves one 'pon top t'other, Zack 
Dunstable IVeir (igoi) 168. 

11. To draw in as upon a thread ; to let out or ' pay out ' 
a rope slowly and gradually. 

Sh.I. Hit's naethin' noo, dae say, fUr dem to treed oot da sa.x 
pakies wi' da sail, an' dan hiive der ancher, Sli. Nacs (July 3, 
1897). Rnf. Our corruptions, and so our desolation for a season, 
arc like to be tlireaded in gradually upon us, Wodrow Cones. 
(1709-31) I. 48, ed. 1843; Provided we be not gradually threaded 
into greater encroachments on the Church's rights this way, ib. 61. 

THREADEN, «()>■. e.An.' [fjreden.] Made of thread. 

Within our memory * tlireaden stockings' were an article of 
Sunday apparel for village servants and apprentices. 

THREADLE, v. Lan. Brks. Ess. Ken. Sur. Sus. Hmp. 
I.W. Also written threaddle Sus.' ; threddle Brks.' 
Ken.'" ; and in form threedle s.Lan.' [fjre'dl ; Jjridl.j 

1. To thread a needle ; to thread, string. 

s.Lan.', Brks.' Ess. An Essex woman, who talks about 
'Ihreadling' her needle, Contli. Mag. {Dec. 1898)808. Ken.i^, 
Sur.' Sus. I can't see to threadlc my needle (,S.P.H.); Sus.' 
Hmp. She's threadlin' beads (W.M.E.F.). I.W.' 

2. Phr. lo tlnendle the tailor's needle, a game. See 
Thread, 9. Sus.' 

THREALY, see Traily. 

THREAP, V. and sb. In gen. dial, use in Sc. Irel. and 
n. and inidl. Eng. Also e.An. and ? s.Cy. Also written 
threep Sc. (Jam.) Bnff.' N.I.' Dwn. Nhb.' w.Dur.' Laicel.'" 
Cum.'»* Win. n.Yks.3 e.Yks.' Lan.' s.Lan.' Chs.' Der.; 
thriep Arg. ; and in forms thraep Cai.' ; thraip Bnff.' ; 
thrap s.Lan.' Won; thrape Per. Chs.'« Stf Lin.' War.^^ 
Wor. Shr. Hrf ; threeap Wm. n.Yks."" e.Yks.' w.Yks. 
e.Lan.' s.Lan.' Chs.' s.Chs.' ; threip Sc. ; threp n.Cy. 
Lin.' sw.Lin.' ; threpe n.Cy. Nhb.' Lan. Lin. ; thrip Frf. 
n.Cy. Suf; traep Sh.I.; traip Or.I. ; trape, treap 
S.Don.; trepOr.I. |f)rlp,)>ri3p, {)rep; )5rip.] I. v. Gram, 
forms. 1. Preterite: (i) Threp, (2) Thrept, (3) Thrope. 
[For further examples see II below.] 

(i) Ant. Ballymeua Obs. (189a). e.Yks.' She threp ma doon she 
didn't dee it. n.Lin.', sw.Lin.' (a) w.Yks. (J.W.), e.Lan.', 
s.Lan.' (3^ Chs. '23 

2. P/. : Throppen. w.Yks.', Chs.'=3 
II. Dial. uses. 1. v. To assert positively, esp. to persist 
in or maintain a false accusation or assertion ; to insist 
on ; to swear, repeat or reiterate obstinately. 

Sc. Monkbarns had threepit on them to gang in, Scott 
Antiquary (i8i6) .\v. Sh.I. Faider is traepid 'at A'm leepid dem, 
5/1. News (Apr. 29, 1899). Cai.', Bnff.' Abd. What for sud I 
threip 'at 1 owcht to hae her ■ Macdonald Donal Grant (1883) i. 
Per. Ye needna thrape that gate. Mistress Tirpie, Cleland Inch- 
bracken (1883) 60, ed. 1887. Arg. Annapla thrieps there's a 
ghaistly flageolet aboot Doom, Monro Doom Castle (1901) 57. 
Ayr. She aye threeps that I lose her time when I foregather wi' 
you, Galt Lairds (1826) x.xi. e.Lth. They're aye threepin that 
he's a terrible gran' scholard, Hunter J. Inivick (1S95) ao. Slk. 
Twa ither shinin characters were in his rettenue as she thrcepcd, 
CiiR. North Nodes (ed. 1856) IV. 26. Rxb. I dare threip there's 
no a dizjen left, Hamilton Outlaws (1897) 5. Dwn. Knox Hist. 
Dtcn. (^S^5). s.Don. Sim.mons G/. (1890). n.Cy. Blount (1681^. 
Nhb.' He threaped a lie i' me fyess. Dur.', Lakel.'^ Cum. Will 
t'- threep a lee to my feace ? (J.S.O.); Gl. (1851X n.Yks.' ; 
n. Yks.^ ' He threeap'd me wi' liquor,' protested that I was drunk ; 
n.Yks.* e.Yks. Marshall Riir. Econ. (1788). w.Yks.'^"; 
w.Yks.* He'll threap black's white an' white's noacolour at avval, 
will that fellah ! Lan. Davies /Ortrcs (1856) 273. ne.Lan.',Ch9.'"3, 
Der.", nw.Der.' Lin. Vox agro Line, usitatissima, — Redargucre, 
Skinner (,1671). n.Lin. (K.R) Nhp.' Not common. Shr.' I 

knowed as that plough-bottle wunna brought in, but that impcrcnt 
bwoy thrfiped me out as it wuz. Nrf.' 

Hence (i) Threaper, sb. one who asserts or insists per- 
tinaciously and f;eit. falsely ; (2) Threaping, (a) sh. a 
pertinacious reiteration ; {b) ppl. adj. insisting or asserting 

(I) Sc. Threcpcrs o' lies again me hcis, Waddell P5. (1871') 
xxvii. 12. (2, a) ne.Lan.' (4) n.Lin. Now we've had that 
threapin' creed to-day again [i.e. the Athannsian Crcedl (M.P.). 

2. Phr. (i) to threap down, (2) -down Ihe thrapple or 
throat, (3) —one doivn, (4) —one out, (5) —out, lo insist 
or assert with pertinacity, esp. to persist in a false 
assertion; to protest or argue strongly; (6) — «/, to refer 
to bygone mistakes or misunderstandings in an unkind 

( I Nlib.' He threaped doon through. Wm. If Neddy scd craas 
wer black, Betty wed threeap doon ct wer es white cs 
dripp, S/Jcc. Dial. (1877) pt. i. 28. (2) Frf. Another member 
would 'thrip down the throat' of the auctioneer that he had a 
right to his former scat, Barrie Lictit (1893) '•• e.Fif. Mr. 
Pilkhim . . . threapit doon oor very throats that he had never seen 
Skrudge afore, Latto Tani Bodtin (1864) xx. e.Lth. An' yet yc 
wad threep it doun my throat that ye're no fit to be an elder '. 
HvnTER J. Inwici (1895) 53. Gall. He wad threep a lee doon 
j'er throat (J.M.). Ant. A didna' get speakin' a word, as he 
threeped, or threp, it doon my throat, Ballyniena Obs. (189a). 
(3) N.Cy.' Nhb. He threapt me down (K.). Cum.' He threeps 
me doon 'at aa dud say seali. e.Yks.' She threapt ma doon it 
wasn't seeah. w.Yks.' He com back agecan, . . an began to threeap 
me down how I'd tell'd him aw wrang, ii. 295 ; w.Yks. '^^s Lan. 
' It's nowt o' th'soart.' . . 'An' dunnotyo threep me down as it is,' 
BuRNEiT //rtito<//;'i- (1887) xvi. Chs.3 He thraped me down it 
were noine, but I knowed it were a dozen. s.Chs.' Stf. Kay 
(i6gi) MS. add. (J.C.) 150. Der. I threaped him down as I 
fancied yo' a fat lot more nor him, Gilchrist Peakland {i8g-)] 75 : 
Der.' n.Lin.' She Ihreiip'd me doon Sam was dead, bud I seed 
him last Setterda'. se.Lin. (J.T.B.) sw.Lin.' The bairns threp 
her down that it was so. s.Cy. Ray (1691). (4) Wm. If Neddy 
sed et breead wossent beeakt anuff, Betty wed threeap un oot et it 
wes faer burnt tie a sindre, Spec. Dial. (1877) pt. i. 38. w.Yks. 
Shoo tried to threap me aglit on it, Hartley Clock Aim. (1885) 
40. s.Lan.' He'd threeap yo' eawt 'at black's whoite. Chs. He 
has threeped him out of it (,E.M.G.) ; Chs.^ (5, Nhb. When aw's 
threept out o' what's se clear, Wilson /-"/V/Ho/i'i Piy (1843 48. 
Cum. T'girt chaps fairly threep't t'laalcns oot ont, at their beucks 
war t'reet endup, Sargisson JoeScoap ^ 1881) 3. Wm. Lunnoners 
wod threap awt intul cuntry fowk, an think they will be softcnuflf 
tae swallow awe their lees, Wheeler Dial. (1790J 93, ed. 1821. 
ne.Yks.' He threeap'd oot 'at he hadn't deean it. (6) n.Yks.* 

3. Obs. or obsol. To urge, press. 

Sc. Though you have destroyed yourself, threep kindness upon 
Him, Thomson Cloud of Witnesses (1714) 350, ed. 1871. SIg. 
Thou suld threep kindnes of him, Bruce Se-i-H/oMs (1631) iv, ed. 
1843. Ayr. If any wilt threap love upon God, they shall not be 
disappointed, Dickson H'ritings {1660) I.42, ed. 1843. N.Cy.^To 
threap kindness upon one. Cum.^ Sooa frinds o' bcath sides 
threep't it sair 'At partit we sud be, 73. Cum., Wm. Nicolson 
1677) Trans. R. Lit. Soc. vi868j IX. w.Yks.' 'To threap a thing 
upon one,' is to be urgent and importunate with him to accept iL 
Der. These arena goods to threap, Ouida Fuck (ed. 1901) xlii. 
Lin. ^Hall.) 

4. "To beat down in a bargain or argument ; to brow- 
beat, talk down ; to haggle over a bargain. Also with 

Shi. Lat's turn wiz. If we geng hame, an' spaeks o't neist 'at 
we come, he'll tracp wiz oot o't, Sh. Netcs (Aug. 26, 1899''. Abd. 
Johnny oiTered sax poun', . . after much threepin, as his ultimatum, 
Alexander Johnny Gibb (1871) i. s.Wni. (J.A.B.), n.Yks.* 
w.Yks. A man will say of a clamorous talker, he did not convince 
me, but he threaped me down, Hamilton Niigae Lit. (1841') 340; 
w.Yks. ^ Lan. I won't be threeped down, Fothergill Ilealey 
(1884) xxviii. n.Lan. (W.S.), Not.^ n.Lin.' I wean't be threp 
by a bairn like thoo. 

5. To argue, dispute ; to wrangle, quarrel, contend. 

Sc. Ye niicht as weel threep wi' a stane dyke. Swan Gales of 
Eden (ed. 1895^ xv. Sh.I. Efter da bride an' Lowrie wis traepid 
a while wi' da bridegroom, we took da rod agen, Sh. Neivs Dec. 
15, 1900). Or.I. vS.A.S.) Abd. They hcd threepit on a lang time, 
Alixander Johnny Gibb (1871) xiv. Per. 'There's nac gude 
threapin wi' you, Cleland Inchbracken (1883^ 76, ed. 1887. s.Sc. 





Weel, I'll no' tlireep wi' ye, Abd. U'kly. Free Press (Dec. 8, igoo). 
Ayr. I'll threep it wi' ye, gin ye lilie, Ochiltree Out of Shroud 
(1897) 162. Feb. To threep hard (A.C.). N.I.i, N.Cy.', Nhb.', 
Lakel.- Cum. He threeps about the nation, Anderson Ballads 
(ed. 1808) 77. Wm. Naa brawling or threaping is heard, Hutton 
Brail A'cw Wark (1785I 1. 471. n.Yks.3 w.Yks. He sed he 
should go, an shoo said he shouldn't, an' they started o' threeapiii. 
Hartley Clock Aim. (1872) 48. Lan. Noather on um warrit nor 
thrapt, Tim Bobbin View Dial. (1740) 26; Lan.i He'd threap 
o' neet if yo'd hearken him. n.Lan.', ne.Lan.', e.Lan.' s. Lan ' 
Him an' her were alius agate o' thrappin'. n.Lin.' He's alus 
ihreapin' aboot sum'ats. sw.Lin.' We were just threaping a bit. 

Hence (i) Threaper, sb. a contentious, argumentative 
person ; (2) Threap-ground, sb. a name given to the 
' debateable lands' on the Border ; land the ownership of 
which is disputed; (3) Threaping, ^/Z. rt(^'. argumentative, 
contentious, quarrelsome ; contradictory ; (4) Threaping- 
do, sb. a contention, quarrel, dispute ; (5) -fit, sb. a fit of 
arguing or disputing; (61 Threap-lands, sb. pi., see (2). 

(i) w.Yks. Ah niver knew sich a threaper as thee, Leeds Merc. 
Siippl. (Feb. 18, 1899). (2) N.Cy.i Nhb.i Part of Wooler Common 
is still undivided, owing to disputes respecting it. It is called 
Threap-ground, Denham 77A-Z.o)'e 11858) 55 ; From Dead Water, 
North Tynedale, 'a long tract of land stretches southward, which 
was formerly Debateable Land, or Threap Ground,' Mackenzie 
Nhb. (18251 11- 257. (3I Wm. Betty, silly body, wes a lile, reedan, 
cankert, threeapan paddock, Spec. Dial. (1877) pt. i. 38. e.Yks.i 
She's varry threeapin. w.Yks.' Lile, threapen, complin Dannot, 
ii. 288. (4) w.Yks. We'd a threapin" do ower mi fatther brass, 
an' we all fell aht, an' noane on us 's iver spokken to one 
another sin', Leeds Merc. Suppl. : Feb. 18, 1899'. (5^ Lan. Dody's 
thrappin fit meltud owey ith warmth oth brandy, Scholes Tim 
Gaiiiwattle (1857' 47. (6) Nhb.', Lakel.', Cum.'" 

6. To contradict. 

w.Dur.i, e.Yks.'. w.Yks. (E.G.) Lan. I never meet thoose two 
togetlier but they're certain to be threeapin one another abeawt 
summat (R.P.\ Chs.i, Stf.' sw.Lin.' ' I don't want to threap, 
but I believe it was.' To a child, ' Don't threap.' Shr.' 

7. To complain, call out ; to reproach. 

Per. Yc needna threep, I've the feck o' thretty shillin's after 
payin' the doctor, Jacque Herd Laddie, 27. Hdg. Longman^s 
Mag. (Feb. 1901) 381. e.Yks. (Miss A.) Der. Because my 
grandad left his money as he chused . . . and then my feyther 
threeps it at me as if it's my fault, Verney Stone Edge (1868) i. 

8. To scold, chide, rebuke. 

n.Cy. (P.R.); Grose (1790); Blount (1681). Lan. Who 
threped an' threped, an' aw to becaw'd me, Shadwell Witches 
(1718) V. 103. Chs. Th' owd lass . . . threap'd me foinly, 
Clough B. Brcsskittle (1879) '4- s.Cy. Grose (1790). 

9. To beat, flog, thrash, punish severely. 

n.Cy. Bailey (1721); ^Hall.) s.Stf. The news come as he'd 
bin seed to thrapehis wife, Pinnock Blk. Cy.Ami. (1895). 'War.'; 
War.3 I shall have to thrape this lad before he will attend to me. 
Wor. I'll thrape you finely (R.M.E.); Thrape the young un well, 
thot's wot 'e do waant (H.K.). Shr.' Hr.'. Bound Provinc. (1876). 

Hence Thraping or Threaping, 56. a beating, thrashing. 

War.^ I'll give j'ou a good thraping for your impudence. Wor. 
Come home and give her a 'thraping' because she was liquor 
drinking, Evesham Jrn. (Mar. 25, 1899) ; (H.K.) Shr.2 

10. In thatching: to drive down a peg or buckle into the 

thatch. Wor. thrap 'im down (H.K.). 

11. sb. A pertinacious assertion ; an indictment, charge, 
representation of facts. 

n.Sc. Let us see what is to be done, and hear patiently all 
assertions and threaps, Wodrow Soc. Sel. Biog. (ed. 1845-7) H- 
214. Cai.' Bch. At threeps I am na sae perquire, Nor auld- 
farren as he, Forbes Aja.'t ('742) 4. Abd. 'Bout onie threap 
when he and I fell out, Ross Hetenore {\i(iQ) 35, ed. i8ia. s.Sc. 
The threep was fause, an' he gang'd tae the woodie, an' got 
n thrawn thrapple for a deed he didna dae, Snaith Fiercehearl 
(1897) 67. 

Hence Thraip-knot, sb. an assertion made without any 
foundation, with the object of finding out the truth of wliat 
is suspected or to prevent the doing of a thing dreaded. 
Bnff.' 12. Phr. to keep or slick to one's threap, to adhere 
to an assertion or purpose. 

Sc. Lady Ashlon . . . will, as Scotchmen say, keep her threep, 
Scott Bride of Lam. (1819 .x.\vii ; (Jam.) Cai.' Dmf. Walter 

shall see I'll keep my threep. Though it should cost me dear, 
Johnstone Poems (1820') 82. 

13. An argument, discussion ; a dispute ; a quarrel. 
Sh.I. Haud your tongue, Magnus, we're no gaun ta git in 

a tracp aboot dat da n glit, Sh. News (July 3, 1897I. Abd. I nae 
mair sail say this threap about, . . That on my side the bargain 
didna fa', Ross Helenore (1768) 136, ed. 1812. Dmf. I had 
privately a kind of threap that the brandy should be yours, 
Carlyle Lett. (Apr. 1866; IV. 331. Edb. They stop at last, but 
still look laith The threap to yield, Har'st Rig (1794) 21, ed. 1801. 
Cum. I'll pluck a lock of thy threep, Caine Shad. Crime (1885) 30. 
w.Yks. Dyer Dial. (1891) 68 ; w.Yks.', s.Lan.' sw.Lin.' We had 
a bit of a threap about it. 

14. A contentious or quarrelsome person. 

n.Yks." w.Yks. As often applied to a woman as to a man. 
' Shoo is a threeap ; shoo's niver done ! ' Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Feb. 
18, 1898). 

15. A tradition, legend; an oft-repeated saying; a report. 
Sc. They'll . . . hae an auld wife when they're dying to rhyme 

ower prayers . . . rather than they'll hae a minister ; . . that's an 
auld threep o' theirs, Scorr Guy M. (1815) xlv. Rxb. It is a most 
senseless and unreasonable thing that our name should be so 
yoked with the Armstrongs because of the lilt of a sill3' old threip, 
Hamilton Outlaws (1897) 39. Dmf. (Jam.) Lin.' There have 
been many thrapes about me. 

16. A smart stroke ; a blow causing a mark. 

Wor. A gie 'e a smart thrape o' the yed (H.K.) ; I'll give j-ou 
a thrape or two across your back in a minute (R.M.E.). Suf.' 'A 
gon em a thrip under the short ribs. 

[5. Thei tiiaste hyni full thraly, fian was |)er nothrepyng, 
York Plays (c. 1400) 430. 8. OE. pri:apiait, to reprove, 
correct (Hall).] 

THREAPEN, v. Obs. n.Cy. Yks. Lin. 1. To assert 
positively; to insist on a thing obstinatelj'. 

n.Cy.BAiLEY(i72i) ; Grose(i79o); N.Cy.' Lin. Skinner(i57i). 

2. To reprove, rebuke, chide. N.Cy.'', e.Yks. (K.) 
THREAST, see Thrist, w.^ 
THREAT, V. Sc. Irel. Der. Sur. Dev. [firlt, }jret.] 

1. To threaten. 

Sc. Threating, striking, and burning with matches servants to 
cause them reveal their master, Kirkton Ch. Hist. {1817) Append. 
404. Per. Thou threats that Smith by the's be paid. Smith Poems 
(1714) 24, ed. 1853. I*"f- Faither threats tae use the tawse, 
Neilson Poems (1877) 16. Ayr. Does haughty Gaul invasion 
threat ? Burns Dili/. Volunteers, st. i. Gall. To threat John 
Macmillan with your swords and pistols, as if he were a fearful 
bairn, Crockett Dark o' Moon (1902' 457. Dwn. Whun danger 
threats, return, Savage-Armstrong Ballads (1901) 64. Sur. 'Ee 
threats to chuck pigwash over they, Bickley Sur. Hills (1890) I. 
xiii. e.Dev. I, too, can threat, Jane Lordship (1897 . 137. 

Hence Threatful,«rf;'. threatening; threatening-looking. 

ne.Sc. His eyes more sunk, . . his forehead more wrinkled, his 
nose and chin more threatful than I had ever before seen them, 
Grant Kcckleton, 7. Kcd. Threatfulest skies become brichter 
When Love is the guide o' the way. Grant Lays (1884) aoo. 

2. To contend or argue persistently. 

Der.' Ke thraett- mi, daay'n [He thret me down] (s.v. Threap). 

[per he watj jjreted, & ofte fief called, Gaivayne (c. 1360) 
1725. OE.J?ri~aliaii, to threaten (B.T.).] 

THREATEN, v. Yks. Chs. [firrtan, Jjriatan.] To 
intend, purpose; to promise. 

n.Yks. ' Aw threeatened ti bu3'my wife a new gown.' In some 
parts 'threaten' is used quite as often as 'promise' (T.K.). w.Yks. 
( J.W.) Chs.' I've threatened to go and see him many a time ; but 
I have never been. 

THREAVE, THREBBLE, see Thrave, sb., Thribble. 

THREDEGAL, adj. Obs. Suf Unsettled, applied 
only to the weather. ' The weather fare ta look thredegal.' 

THREE, Hum. adj. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. 
and Amer. Also in forms dree w.Som.' nw.Dev.' ; 
tree Sh.I. Nrf [hri.] 1. In comb, (i) Three-acre land, 
see below ; (2) -bob-square, triangular ; (3) -cocked hat, 
a cocked hat ; (4) -cord, three-ply, three strand ; also 
used advb. ; (5) -cornered, irritable ; (6t -cross-way, the 
meeting of two roads without intersecting; (7) -cunning, 
intensely knowing, peculiarly sharp or acute ; (8) -day 
aguy, a tertian ague ; (9) -fold, the bog-bean, Menyanthes 
trifoliata ; (10) footed, having three legs; (11) -four, three 




or four; (12) -gill bottle, a bottle holding ih pints; (13) 
•girded, of a cask, &c. : bound or girded with three hoops ; 

(14) -go, a measure contained three times in half a pint ; 

(15) -grained fork, a three-pronged fork ; (16) -leaved 
grass, the white clover, Tiifoliiim repeiis; (17) leaved 
laverocks, the wood-sorrel, t).Vrt//s ^«/os<'//(j ; (18) -legs, 
{a) three larch poles fastened together at the top by 
means of a slightly-curved iron pivot ; (i) see below; (19) 
•man, a cluster containing three nuts ; (20) -neuked or 
•nocked, (<?) see (2); (b) see (5); (21) -outs, see below; 
(221 -penny, a first reading-book ; (23) -plait or -plet, 
three-ply or plaited ; treble, threefold ; (24) -pound-tenner, 
see below ; (25) -quarter-bred, not quite full bred ; (26) 
■quarter clift, a mischievous fellow; (27) -quarter coal, 
a seam of coal about three-quarters of a yard in thickness ; 
a stratum of coal in Lightmoor Wimsey Pit ; (28) -quarter 
man, (a) a well-grown, strong lad ; see below ; (h) a boy 
or man not equal to full work owing to age, infirmitj', &c. ; 
(29) -releet, (30) -road end, see (6) ; (31) -shear or -tup, a 
sheep that has been thrice shorn ; (32) -square, (a) see 
(2); (b) see (5); (c) a triangle; (33) -staand, in three 
layers or portions ; (34) -thrums, the purring noise made 
by a cat when pleased ; esp. in phr. to sing three-llinans ; 
(35) -toed, having three prongs; (36) -to-leet, (37) -want- 
way, (38) -way-leet, see (6) ; (39) -year-old, ia) a young 
animal, applied esp. to cattle ; also used allrib. ; (b) pL, see 

(i) Ess.' In the i6th century . . . tlie owners of Canvey gave 
one-third thereof in fee simple to ... a Dutchman ... in con- 
sideration of his securing the whole island from the overflowing 
of the sea ... at his own costs. . . A third of these lands still goes 
to the repairs of the sea-walls ; hence the term three-acre land is 
applicable, not only to land held in this way at Canvey, but also 
to land held in other parts of Ess., 57. (a) n.Lin.* It was a thing 
three-bob-square, like th' end on a roof. (3) Snf.' (4) Sh.I. I 
tried da bit o" treecord tidder ower me shooders, Sh. News (Dec. 
22, igoo). (5) Ctis.' s.Chs.' Yo mun mind what yo sen to th' 
mester ; he's in a very three-cornered wee this mornin'. Shr.' 
'Er's in a mighty three-cornered 'umour to-day. (6) w.Som.i 
(7) Hmp.> (8j s.Not. (J.P.K.) (9) Gall. (J.M. , n.Yks.2 e.Yks. 
Marshall /?»)■. £co)/. (1788). (10) Nhb. , Dur. She next tuke up 
a three-footed siu\e, Dmhaiii Tracts (ed. 1895') II. 5. (11) Kcd. 
Sometimes a three-four sma' farms to unite As a'e big ane, Kerr 
J\emmisceiices (iSgo) lot. (i2)Lin. (J.T.F. ) (13) ne.Sc. A three 
girded cog with the girds of wood, Gregor Flk-Lore (1881) 43. 
Ayr. (Jam.) (14) s.Don. Simmons Gl. (1890). (15) Oxf,' 71/5. 
aiid. (i6jCor. (B. &H.) (17) Yks. (B. & H.) e.Yks. Marshall 
Jiiir. Econ. (1796'. (18, a) Clis.' The legs are spread open at the 
bottom, and a pulley is fixed under the apex, they then serve for 
hoisting timber or other heavy materials. Smaller ones are in use 
to hang scales to when potatoes are being weighed in a field. (A) 
Shr.' A prop to support the shaft of a loaded cart when the horse 
is out ; it is made of a strong oak-branch having three forks, which 
serve for feet, the branch being inverted (s.v. Nave). (19) 
w.Yks.' (20, n) Sc. The Captain says a three-nookit hankerchcr 
is the maist fashionable overlay, Scorr .^^///(//(rtf;)' (1816) xxxvi; 
(Jam.), Cat' w.Yks.' A thrce-nooked field. Lan. A three-nooked 
crinoline hung on to th' end ov a clooas-prop, Accrington Obs. [Feb. 
2, 1895). (A) s.Lan.' Hoo's getten raythera three-nook't soart ov 
a temper, 39. (21) w.Som.' Used in the very common rustic sar- 
c.-ism, 'A ginlman way dree outs — wit, money, and manners.' 
(22) Sc. Learning was no trouble to him ; and he was reading in 
the ' threepenny' before Jamie had mastered the alphabet, Swan 
Gates of Eden (ed. 1B95) iv. (23) Abd. Afore a fortnicht they 
doubled. Three weeks mair found them threeplet, Abd. Wkly. 
Fire Press (Mar. 16, 19011. Edb. Their manes how neat, Wi' 
three-plait kues, Liddle Poems (1821) 41. Dur.' 'Three plat,' a 
threefold plat (s.v. Plet). (24) Wil.' The name given by bird- 
catchers about Salisbury to the 'Chevil' variety of Goldfinch, it 
being more valuable than the ordinary kind. (25) Ker. The fast 
three-quarter-bred mare between the shafts, ISodkin Shillelagh 
(1902) 32. (26) Ir. Bob M'Cann, a three quarter clift, Carleton 
Trails Peas. fed. 1846) 4. (27) Nhb.' The 3 Quarter Coal about 
3 Quarters thick or more, all which are foul or bad Coals, and not 
worth much, Compkat Collier (1708). Shr.' 92, Shr.* (28, a 
Nhb,' In collieries, the trams were formerly dragged along liy a 
boy who held two 'soams' in his hand and pulled, whilst a 
stronger lad 'put' from behind. The boy in front was called a 
'foal,' 'foaley,' or 'quarter-man,' and if there were disparity 

between the two the stronger lad behind was known as a ' three- 
quarter-man.' If the two lads were of an equal strength they 
were called 'half-marrows.' (6) Saf. (M.B.-E.) Ess. Twelve 
men who drew full wages, and four lads about sixteen to seven- 
teen years old, who went as ' three-quarter men,' Burmester 
yo//H Z.o//( 1 901) 76. (29- e An.', Suf. (,C,G.B.) (30) Lan. A'ch- 
boggarts held revel at every ' three-road end,' Harland & Wil- 
kinson Flk-Lore (1867) 60, (31 Der.*, nw.Dsr.', Lin,', Suf.' 
(32. a) Wm. A three square bit o' wood (B.K.\ n.Yks, A three- 
square file (I.W,). w.Yks.', e.Lan.i. Chs.', s.Chs.', n.Lin.', Lei.', 
War.s, Shr.', Suf. (C.G.B.>, Suf.', Ess.', w.Som.' [Anier. Dial. 
Notes (1896) I. 334. J (b) s.Chs.' Oo^z in Q veri three-skwacT 
ybomur. Shr.' The maister seems in a thrce-squar' temper this 
mornin'. (c) Wra, (13. K,) Shr,, Hrf. Bound Provinc. (1876). 
Ess. A yard it had, in shape A sort ov a three-square, Clark 
J. Noakes (1839^ st. 16. (33) Sh,I. Irvine begood ta pit a' da 
bread — treestaand, i' da sea box, Sh. Neivs (Dec. 9, 1899). (34) 
Nhb.' D'ye hear pussy singin three-thrums' Dur.', Wra. (B.K.\ 
n.Yks.'* e.Yks,' Ah like ti hear oor cat sing three-thrums, 
MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks.'^s^ n.Lin.' (35) Cai.' Ayr. A three- 
taed leister, Burns Z)r. Horn hook {ijSs) st.6. (36 E%s.e.Aii. (Apr. 
1863). (37) Hrt. (H.G.) (38) Suf. (Hall.) (39, <j) Sh.L Doo 
kens what owertook Tamy's tree-yirl'd — I can say sha wis a koo, 
Sh. Neu'S (Aug. 6, 1898). {b; Lioi. 'Two-yearold ' and 'three- 
year-old ' are names of two factions in the co. Limerick, that from 
their continual fighting give the authorities much trouble, Flk-Lore 
Rcc. (i88i, IV. 122. 

2. Phr. (i) not to be able to say three zvords of a sort, not to 
speak coherently ; (2) l/ie three counties, Norfolk, Suffolk, 
and Essex, as distinct from the 'shires'; (3) —sevens, 
the year 1777 ; (4) three faces under ov in a hood, the pansy, 
Viola tricolor ; (5) — halfpence and Into pence, (6) — halfpence 

for two pence, a slow, ambling canter ; (7) — sheets to or in 
the ivind, partly intoxicated; (8) — stirs and a iK'allop, see 
below ; (9) to count by Ihrceses, to count three at a time. 

(i) Not. A'. >!- O. (1868, 4th S. i. 605. (2) e.An.' (s.v, Shercs). 
(3) Ayr. He biggit himsel', he says, in the three sevens, Service 
A'u/n«rfKms ( 1 890 I 1 6. (4^ Lnk. Patrick P/(Jh/s (1831) 124. Yks. 
(B. &. H.), Nhp.', Shr.' (5) w.Som.' Dh-oal au-s au'vees gcos 
lau'ngdree aa-pnsn tuup'ns [The old horse always goes along in 
a slow ambling canter]. nw.Dev.' (6) Nhb. They can hear the 
occasional rattle of a pair of wheels, or the ' three-ha'pence for 
tuppence' of a cantering horse, Graham Red Scaur (1896) 35. 
(71 e,Lth. An'ra had taen mair nor was guid for him ; he wasna 
what ye micht ca' fou, but three sheets in the wind. Hunter 
/. Inwick (1895') 235. e.An. He teaches them to swim an' takes trouble with their eddication when three sheets in the wind. 
Harris East-Ho (1902). Nrf. Arter tea. I was got verry nigh 
free sheets to the wind, Emerson Son 0/ Fens (1892) 242. (,8) 
Edb. Eighty years ago in Edinburgh it was the custom for a man 
to walk through the town every day bearing a large shin bone of 
beef. His cry was 'three stirs and a wallop for a bawbee.' All 
the housewives had their vegetables stewing for the soup and 
gladly paid their bawbees for the privilege of three stirs witli the 
bone, which was supposed to flavour the stew, B'hant Dy. Post 
(Nov. 26, 1892^ in A'. 6^ Q. (1893) 8th S. iii. 86. (9^ e.An.' 

3. Comb, and phr. in names of games: (i) Three-card 
laiit, the card game of ' loo ' ; (2) -days' holidays, (3) — 
dukes, see below ; (4) -holes, (5) -hole-teazer, a game of 
marbles ; (6j — jolly butchers, (7) — jolly IVelshinen, a 
children's game; (8) — knights front Spain, see (3); (9) 
— little ships, (10) — man's niarriage, (11) — old bachelors, 
see below; (12) -penny morris, (13) -pin morris ormerels, 
the game of nine men's morris; see Merrils; (14) — 
sailors, see below; (15) -stone-ducker, a game of mar- 
bles ; (16) — straws, a game at pitchback ; see below ; 
(17) — sweeps, see below; (18) — up, a game played by 

(ii Cum. Some at three-card lant wad laak, RiciiAnDSON Talk 
(1876 1 59; Three-card lant, an lant oa at's on, an beggar me 
n.iybor, Sargisson yof Scoap (,1881) 26. Wm. Mricgs Remains 
(1825) 237 ; Lonsdale Mag. (1822) III. 378. (a^ Shr. Two players 
hold up their joined hands, the rest pass under one by one, 
repeating 'Three days holidays!' . . They pass under a second 
time, all repeating 'Bumping daj', bumping day!' when the 
two leaders strike each player on the back in passing. The third 
time they say 'Catch, catch, catch!' and the leaders catch the 
last in the train between their arms. He has the choice of 
'strawberries and grapes,' and is placed behind one uf the leaders; 




according to his answer. When all have been caught, the two 
pull against each other, Burne F/t-Loie (1883) 522. (3) [In gen. 
dial, use in Sc. Irel. and Eng. ; see below. Three children, gen. 
boys, are chosen to represent the three dukes. The rest of the 
players represent maidens. The three dukes stand in line facing 
the maidens, who hold hands, and also stand in line. Sufficient 
space is left between the two lines to admit of each line in turn 
advancing and retiring. . . The alternate verses demanding and 
answering are thus sung. . . At the 9th or last verse they [dukes] 
' name ' one of the girls, who then crosses over and joins hands 
with them. The game then continues by all four singing ' Here 
come four dukes a-riding,' and goes on until all the maidens are 
ranged on the duke's side, Gomme Gai>ies{i8g8) 248-g.] (4) Lon. 
GoMME Games (1898) 256. (5) Nhb. Bedstocks — that canny gam's 
noo duen. An' three hole teazer tee, Allan Tyncside Siigs. (ed. 
1871) 397 ; Nhb.' A game at marbles, played with three holes 
scooped in the ground. 1,6) Suf.' (7I Cm. One child is supposed 
to be taking care of others, who take hold of her or of each other. 
Three children personate the Welshmen. These try to rob the 
mother or caretaker of her children. They each try to capture as 
many as they can, Gomme I'i. 257. (8) [A game somewhat similar 
to Three Dukes ; in gen. use in Sc. Irel. and Eng. See Gomme 
ib. 257-79.] (9) Lon. Two lines of children stand, hand in hand, 
facing one another. Thej' advance and retire in line, with dancing 
steps alternately. The children sing the lines. When the last 
verse is sung a girl from the end of each line advances and the 
two dance round together. This is continued until all in turn 
have danced in the space between the lines, ib, 280-1. (10) Der. 
For this game three ' men ' are used, and the board on which the 
game is played contains nine holes or points. . . Two played the 
game, laying their men alternately on any of the points of the 
board. The object of each player was to get his men ' all in a row,' 
and the game was won, N.t^ Q. (1877) 5th S. viii.218. (11) Yks. 
A game resembling ' Silly old man' i,q.v.), Gomme ib. 282. (12, 13) 
n.Yks.' (s.v. Merls). (14) [A game resembling Three Dukes, 
&c. ; in^fH. use in Sc. Irel. and Eng. See 16. 283-9.] ('5J 
Nrf. (P.H.E.) (16) War.2 Three rows of earth, sand, &c., are 
placed in parallel lines about a foot and a half apart. Each plaj'er 
is careful not to step or descend upon these 'straws' when pitching 
over the boy who makes the back, lest he himself should be forced 
to take the other's place. . . When the three straws are passed, 
and the one ' down ' is told to ' foot it,' he does so by placing one 
foot lengthwise against the other resting sideways, and then 
biinging the side-long foot, still sideways, in advance, and, lastly, 
setting the now rear foot beside, but in front of its fellow ; and 
again makes the back. This goes on until the distance is so great 
that one leaper, less agile than liis fellows, fails to reach the 
'back,' or steps over or on the last straw to do so, when he is 
' down.' . . When the one ' down ' has a foot on each side of the 
middle straw — a position which is called ' the fly ' — each leaper 
must clear his back, and the three straws. (17) Sth. First of all 
there is a number of girls that stands in a row. There are other 
three girls in front of them. There is another girl at the back of 
the row of girls. The three girls sings [5/c] : 'Here's three sweeps, 
three by three. And on by the door they bend their knee,' Nicholson 
Golspie [i8g']) 169. (i8j Lon. 'Shove-halfpenny' is another game 
played by them ; so is ' Three up,' Mayhew Loud. Labour (1851) 
I. 12. 

Threadle, Thrave, ib. 

THREEK, sb. s.Chs.' [|'nk.] A cluster of thistles 
growing in a field. 

Eeur, goa- baak- I'ln kiit dhaat' three-k uz yu)n left dheeilr. 

Threap, Thribble. 

THREEP-TREE, sb. Sc. Cum. Wm. [|?rIp.trT.] The 
wooden bar or beam to which horses are yoked for 

Cld. (Jam.) Cum. Morton C)cfo. .<4^;7f. (1863) ; Cum.'* Wm. 
When thoo'syoken up ta plew thoo puts t' S-linkon t'swinnglctree 
lliroo t'D-link on t'threeptree, than thoo's e' fettle fer owt (B.K.^. 

THREESH, sb. Obs. Wxf.' A trace ; the traces of 
a car. 

THREESOME, adj. and sb. Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Cum. Yks. 
Also written threesum Sc. (Jam.) Cai.' N.Cy.'; and in 
forms threesam Cum." ; thresum Sc. (Jam.) ; thrissome, 
thrissum n.Yks.*; treesim, treesome Sh.I. [Irrssni ; 
l^risani.] 1. ad/. Triple; threefold, esp. in co«i6. Three- 
some reel, a reel or dance performed by three persons. 

Ayr. There's threesome reels, and foursome reels, Burns Deii's 
awa' ; The lintie is a weel-faured bird, Wi' threesome sangs o' 
glee. Service Dr. Diigiiid (ed. 1887) 107. Kcb. There wus a 
threesome reel, an' Aul' Sandy wus yin o' the set, Trotter Gall. 
Gossip (igoi) 252. n.Cy. (Hall.) Nhb. Could bang them a' at 
threesome reels, Wilson Pilnian's Pay (1843) 42 ; Nhb.' Cum. 
Tou kens we danc'd a threesome reel, Anderson Bd/Znrfs (1805)2. 

2. sb. Three together ; a party or set of three ; a reel or 
game in which only three can take part. 

Sc. (Jam.) Sh.I. Dey wir a funny lookin' treesome, Ollason 
Afareel [igoi) 17; Da treesim is staandin' ta der bellies i' da watter, 
5//. A'«t's (June23, 1900). Cai.' Ags. The threesome were aboot 
the laist to leave the tents, Reid Howetooii, 95. e.Sc. You and 
Laurie Lugton and Gipsy Johnstone, you were a wild threesome, 
Strain Eliiislie's Drag-net (1900) 61. Gall. Mactacgart Eticycl. 
(1824) 497, ed. 1876. N.Cy.', Nhb.' Cum. Beneath his strokes 
a' threesome fell, Stagg Mise. Poems (ed. 1807) 94 ; A threesome 
then caper'd Scotch reels, Anderson Ballads (ed. 1808) 172 ; Cum." 


THREE- WEEK, sb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Also 
in forms threewick Chs.' ; threewik s.Chs.' nw.Der.' ; 
threwik e.Lan.' ; thruick ni.Lan.' s.Lan.' ; treek, trewk- 
Lan. [f>rr-wlk, -wik.] 1. A period of three weeks. 
Cf fortnight. 

w.Yks. Two fond stock-doves that I fund nesting a three- week 
late up i' Little John's Wood, Sutcliffe Shameless Wayne (1900) 
221. e.Lan.', m.Lan.', s Lan.' Chs.' We speak of a threewick 
in the sing, number in the same manner as we speak of a fortnight ; 
Chs.^ s.Chs.i Oo)z bin jed gy'efin on fiir u threywik. Der.', 
nw.Der.' Not. For full a three-week after what I have bin telling 
you, Hooton Bilberry Thurtand (1836). 

Hence Treeksin or Trewksin, adv. three weeks since. 
Lan. Brockett Gl. (1846). 2. Coiitp. Threeweek-street, 
the County Court. 

w.Yks. They'n nivver to gooa it threeweek-street — nivver 
botherd wit baileys, Bywater Sheffield Dial. (1839) 113; w.Yks.* 

THREFF, see Through, prep. 

THREFT, adj. } Obs. Lth. (Jam.) Reluctant, un- 
willing ; perverse. Cf tharf, 2. 

THREHEEN, sA. Irel. The leg of a stocking without 
the foot. 

Wxf. (P.W.J.) ; A caubeen, threheen, and a sligeen on his 
unfortunate head and feet, Kennedy Evenings Duffrey (1869) 306. 

[Jr. troighiii, a brogue, slipper, a stocking without a sole 

THREISH, THREKLY, see Treesh, Thereckly. 

THREN(E, sb. and v. Sc. Also written threen. [|'rin.] 

1. sb. A song or refrain ; 7?^. a story or tradition of a 
ghostly and gen. superstitious nature. Cf. thrain. 

Per. The thren of the dove, and the owl, and the bat, Which an 
old minstrel mason was heard to relate, Spence Pofois (1898) 171; 
(Jam.) Edb. With mournful ditties sings the drooping thrush, 
And tragickThrenesare heard from every bush, PENNECUiK//f//co« 
(1720) 136. 

2. V. To tell ghost stories or superstitious tales. 

Per. Ae nicht leaning Owre deein' embers, Kate sat threening, 
Spence Poems (1898) 184. 

THRENG, see Throng. 

THRESCOT, sb. Der. Not. Also in forms threscod 
s.Not. ; threscold Der.' ; threskut n.Der. [[:>re'sk3t.] A 
dial, form of 'threshold.' 

Der.i* n.Der. 'Wash that threskut.' Common (S.O.A.). nw.Der.' 
s.Not. She shall niver come across ma threscod again (J.P. K.\ 

THRESH, sb.^ Sc. Also in forms thrash, thrush. 
[I'reJ.] A rush. 

Sc. Wi' their teeth green threshes chackit, Wilson Poems 
(1822) Tuia Mice. e.Fif. It brocht furth plentifu' craps o' nateral 
girss, threshies, spretis an' segs, Latto Tarn Bodkin (1864) i. 
Slg. Pliant bends like ony thrash, Muir Poems (1818) 73. Rnf. 
Owre the burn 'Yont the green, an' thro' the thrashes, Picken 
Poems (1788) 155 (Jam.). Ayr., Lth. (Jam.) Twd. The frozen 
lock and the dowie threshes, Buchan IFealher (i8gg) 182. Rxb. 
Threshes formed the theekin, Riddell Poft. IVks. (1871) II. 127. 

Hence Thrush-bush, sb. a rush. 

Sc. Their bare preaching now Makes the thrush-bush keep the 
cow, Cleland Poems (1697) 30 (Jam.). 




THRESH, I', and sb.' Sc. Der. Also in form thrash 
Sc. tfrej; f>raj.] 1. v. \n \>\\t. lo thresh other folk's corn, 
to meddle in other people's aftairs. 

Der. It's niver no good a-threshin' other folk's corn ; j-e allays 
gets the flail agin i'yc own eye somehow, Ouida Puck (ed. 1901) vi. 

2. sb. A beating, dashing noise, as of rain. 

Gall. The thresh ollhe rain upon the lattice casement, Crockett 
Black Douglas {1899J 305. 

3. In phr. with a thrash, 'at one blow"; immediately. 
Ayr, 1 appeared in the court in Edinburgh wi' a thrash, and had 

the case settled in a jifly, Hunter Studies (1870) 235. 

THRESH, see Thrush, sb} 

THRESHEL, sb.' Lan. War. Won Shr. Hrf Glo. 
Hmp. Wil. Som. Cor. Also written threshal Hrf.'; 
threshell Lan. ; threshle Wil.' ; and in forms thrashal 
Shr.'; thrashel(l Shr.» Hrf.'^ Hmp.' Cor.*; thrashle Som.; 
throstle War. [jjre'/l.] A flail ; also in phr. a pair of 
ilireshels. Cf. drashel, sb} 

Lan. (S.W.), (K.), War. (J.R.W.). w.Wor.', Shr.' 2, Hrf.'2 
C\o. Home Subsecivae (till) 430; Glo.', Hmp. (J.R.W. , Hmp.' 
Wil. Davis y<^w.^I8I3); Wil.' Som. W. & J. G/. (1873). Cor.^s 

\0E. perscet. priscel, a flail (Sweet).] 

THRESHEL, s*.^ Sc. Irel. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. Lin. 
e.An. Also in forms thrashel Abd. ; thrassel Suf. ; 
thressel n.Lin.' ; thressle vv.Yks.' Not.' ; throshel Suf. ; 
troshel e.An.' ; trestle Nrf [jjre'Jl.] 1. A dial, form 

of ' threshold.' See Drashel. sb!^ 

Sc. Luckie out o'er the threshal goes, Pennecuik Coll. (1787) 
13. Abd. To cross the thrashel o' oor hoose, Williams Fairmer's 
Tint Laddies (1900) st. 4. N.I.' Don. The house crammed, 
kitchen an' room, all the time, from the threshel to the backstone, 
Macmanus Bend of Road (18981 90. w.Yks. Ah see yo've gotten 
a new thressle on t'door-hoile, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Feb. 25, 1899). 
Not.' Lin. Vox agro Line, frequens. — Tritorium, Skinner (1671). 
n.Lin.', e.An.' Nrf. Polly she tumbled over the trostle, CozENS- 
Hardy Broad Nrf. (1893) 15. Suf. (C.T.) ; (M.E.R.) 
2. A wooden bar fixed against the bottom of a door to 
keep out rain. e.Lan.' 

THRESHER, 56. Yks. [)jre-j3(r).] In x>hr. to pull like 
a thresher, to pull strongly. w.Yks. Hallam Wadsley Jack 
(1866) viii. 

THRESHER, see Thrusher. 

THRESHET, sb. Chs.'^ s.Chs.' Shr.' Also written 
threshat Chs.'; and in form thrashat Shr.' [Misprinted 
thrasket Chs.'^] A flail ; occas. in pi. 

THRESH-FOD, sb. Obs. Yks. A dial, form of 
'threshold.' w.Yks. (Hall.), w.Yks.' 

THRESHIE-COAT, sb. Sc. An old working coat. 

Sc. My ain auld brown threshie-coat of a short gown, Scott 
Midlothian (1818) xvi. Rxb. The seams of the old threshycoat 
I wore, Hamilton Outlaws (1897) 172, 

THRESHING, ppl. adf Sc. Irel. Also written 
thrashing Sc. [{)ra'Jin.] In co;;//i. (i) Threshing-board, 
the board on which grain is threshed with the flail ; (2) 
•tree, a flail. 

(,1) n.Ir. They had the Ihreshin' boards prappit up on fower 
barrels, Lyttle Paddy McQuillan, 88. (2) Edb. Rest your weary 
shanks awhile, Come, rest your thrashin'-tree, Maclagan Poems 

THRESHWOOD,sZ>. Sc. Cum.Wm. Lan. Also in forms 
threshurt Cum.' ; threshut m.Lan.' ; threshwart Fif. 
(JAM.) ; threshwort Fif (ib.) Cum. ; threshwurt Cum.' 
|{)rejwud, -wad, -wat.] A dial, form of ' threshold ' ; the 
sill or wooden beam in front of the door. 

Fif. The threshwart is distinguished from the 'dore-stane,' the 
former denoting the sill or piece of wood above the ' dore-stane,' 
in old houses, on which the door shut, as it was also meant for 
throwing off the rain (Jam.). Cum. The threshwort's worn 
quite hollow down, Dickinson Lit. Rem. (1888) 234 ; Cum.' 
Wm. Upon this thresh-wood . . . cross straws were laid, Briggs 
7?;»«fli«s( 1825) 315. e.Yks. As long as there's a threshwood to 
the door, or a tile on the roof, Wray Neslleton (1876) 148; 
(C.E.F.) Lan. Mind thou doesno' tumble o'er that threshut, 
Brierley Out o/lVork, X. m.Lan.' 

THRESKLE, sl>. Not. [breskl.] A dial, form of 
' threshold.' Cf threshel, si.-' 

s.Not. She werestanning on the threskle ; she wouldn't coom 

THRESKUT,THRESSLE. see Threscot, Threshel, sb.^ 

THRESTLE, sb. Yks. Der. Not. Lin. Also written 
thressel n.Lin.' ; and in form tbrussle e.Yks. [)>re'sl.J 
A corruption of ' trestle.' Also used altrib. 

e.Yks. The things fullockt abool bahn flccar, undher teeable an 
atwixt thrussle legs, Nicholson /V*. 5^. (1889^ 34. Der.' •.Not 
For tables they hed boards on threstles (J. P.K.I. n.Lin.' 

THREUCH, THREVE, see Through, s6.«, Thrave, sb. 

THREWIK, sec Three-week. 

THRIBBLE, adj. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. 
Lei. War. Wor. Ess. Ken. Also written thrible Ken.'; 
and in forms threbble Nhb.' nw.Der.'; threble s.Not. 
Ess.; threeple Abd. (Jam.) [j>ribl; jjrebl.] A corrup- 
tion of treble' from association witli 'three' ; threefold. 

Abd. (Jam.) Nhb. Ye've paid just thribblc as much for'd as ye 
owt. Cum. (E.W.P.), Cum.', n.Yks." w.Yks. ' Double handed 
and thribble throated.' Said of a person who, although he may 
have a good income, spends a large proportion of it in drink 
S.K.C.) ; w.Yks.'*, s.Lan.', nw.Der.', Not.' s.Not. I'd give 
threble the value before I'd loase it (J.P.K.% Lei.' Yo'll pee 
dooble or thribble, an' not so good nayther. War.* w.Wor.' 
The b'ys nowadaays is that fast, thaay'll sahce [sauce] a man 
thribble thar age. se.Wor.', Ken.' 

Hence Threbled, pp., obs., taking or skimming the 
cream oft' milk for the third time. Cf. fleet, v.- H. 1. 

Ess. It is then threbled or put into tubs, or still deeper vessels, 
where it is occasionally sliimmed and kept as long as any appear- 
ance of cream or richer milk is found to form upon the suifacc, 
Marshall Review (1817") \'. 164. 

THRIBBLE, see Thible. 

THRIB'LOUS, adf m.Yks.' A mispronunciation of 
' frivolous.' 

THRIBS. sb. pi. Lin. Suf Amer. Also in form tribs 
Suf [bribz.] Three, used esp. in playing marbles. 
Cf dubs. 

Lin.' se.Lin. Makeitthribs(j.T.B.). Suf.' [Amer.Z)i<i/. A^o/« 
(1896) I. 24-] 

THRICE-COCK, sb. Midi. Lei. War. Shr. Also in 
form throice- Lei.' [Irais-, {)rois-kok.] The missel- 
thrush, Tiirdiis viscivorus. A corruption of ' thrush-cock ' 

Midi. SwAiNSONB/rrfi(i885) a. Lei.', War.'* Shr. Swainson 
ib. ; Shr.' 

THRICE-THRUMS, sb. Stf ' The purring of a cat. 
See Three-thrums, s.v. Three, 1 (34). 

THRICHE, THRICKER, see Thrutch, Tricker. 

THRID, see Thread, Third. 

THRIDDLE, sb. I. Ma. A shiver, a convulsive move- 

The thriddle of thrimblin that shivered the back of this Harrj', 
Brown IVilch (1889^ 65. 

THRIEP, THRIEVE, see Threap, Thrave, sb. 

THRIF, see Through, preb.. Thrift, sb} 

THRIFT, sb} Sc. Nhb. Dur. Wm. Yks. Der. Also in 
forms thrif e.Yks.' ; trift S. & Ork.' [)>rift.] \. In 
coiiip. (i) Thrift-box, a money or savings box ; (2) -hod, 
the profitable part of a business; (3) -pot, see (i). 

(i) Nhb.' Nhb., Dur. A thrift box, as it is vulgarly called, is put 
up against the wall and every customer puts in something. 
Brand Pop. Antiq. (ed. 1777) 164. Dur.', Wm.', n.Yks.", 
e.Yks.', Der.', nw.Der.' (2) n.Yks.' He's gitten thrift-hod on't. 
(3I w.Yks. Vol find all that i' t'thrift-pot at yod a spent, Tom 
Treddi ehoyle Baiinsia Ann. (1862) 54 ; w.Yks.'"* 

2. Prosperity, success ; luck. Also in co»ib. Ill thrift. 
Sh.I. Ill trift be ta her fuil face dat put dee aff o't, Stewart 

7"n/«(i892) 86. Bch. Then to his thrift he bid adieu. Forbes 
Dominie (1785) 29. Lth. Beauty's e'en a doubtfu' gift, Wi'miekle 
shew, but little thrift, Ballantine Poems (1856) 71. 

Hence (i) Thriftless, adf unprofitable, useless; un- 
prosperous, unsuccessful ; (2) "Triftin, sb. in coinb. 111 
triftin, bad luck, ill success ; see below. 

(O Ayr. Learmont . . . did much to temper and turn aside the 
thriftless ordinances of his superior, Galt Cilhaiae (1823) xviii. 
Dmf. Dinna grieve for me Nor wi' a thriftless sorrow mum, Thom 
Jock o' Knowe (1878) 90. (a) S. & Ork.' ' I'll triftin' on dat face,' 
may your face (fig. for the whole person) not thrive. 

3. Work, occupation, employment, business. 

Sh.I. HUve by your trift ane of you, an' help aunty ta scraep. 




S/i. News (Oct. 8, 1898) ; S. & Ork.i Work of any kind, but 
particularly knitting. Frf. The darger left his thrift, Lowson 
Giiidfollow (1890I 239. Edb. When night comes on . . . lassessit 
down to their thrift, Crawford Poems (1798) 43. 

THRIFT, sb?- Yks. Lan. Chs. Vpriit.] Growing pains 
experienced by young people. 

w.Yks.^" Lan. Grose {1790) MS. add. (P.) e.Lan.', m.Lan.i 
s.Lan.' That lad's getten th' thrift. Chs.i What ails the, pooin 
llii face ? It's nowt bu" th' thrift that tha's getten. s.Chs.' 

THRIFT, sb? Obs. Suf.' Loose scurf on the skin of 
an ill-groomed horse. 

THRIFT, see Through, prep. 

THRIFTY, adj. Sh.I. Lin. Won Glo. Cmb. Suf. Hmp. 
Also in form trifty Sh.L [J>ri'fti.] 1. Thriving, 

flourishing, in good condition or health. Also used advb. 

Lin. Geese are the only animals which are at any time thrifty, 
Marshall Review (181 1) III. 22. s.Wor.i, Glo.' Cmb. Plant 
looks thrifty (J.D.R.). Suf. (C.T.), Hmp.> 

2. Thoughtful, considerate, saving of time or trouble. 

Sh.I. Doo might a been trifty- aneugh til a' come ower wir lent, 
an" sav'd me dis vaige, Sh. Neivs (^Oct. 14, 1899). 

THRILL, sb. Chs. [f)ril.] The shaft of a cart or 
wagon. Gen. in pi. See Thill, s6.' 

(K.) ; CUs.' Obsol. (s.v. Cart). s.Chs.' Less commonly used 
than formerly (s.v. Cart). 

Hence (i) Thrill-bars, sb. pi. two longitudinal pieces, 
which are mortised into the 'binders' or end pieces of 
the body of a cart and which support the boards forming 
the bottom of a cart. Chs.'; (2) Thriller, sb. the shaft- 
horse. s.Chs.' ; (3) Thrill gears, sb. pi. the harness of 
a shaft-horse, z'6. ; (4) Thrill-horse, s6., see (2). ib. 

THRILLY, rtf/y. Obs. n.Cy. Thrilling. (Hall.) 

THRIMBLE, v.' Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Also in forms thrimle Sc. (Jam.) Nhb.' ; thrimmel Nhb.' 
Lakel.° Cum.* Wm. & Cum.'; thrimmle Sc. (Jam.) w. Yks. 
ne.Lan.' ; thrimple n.Cy. [|3rim(b)l.] 1. To finger or 
handle anything as if reluctant to part with it, esp. to dole 
or pay out money grudgingly and reluctantly. Also with 
out. See Thrumble. 

Slk., Dmf., Gall. (Jam.) Kcb. Taylors, fain the gear to thrimmle 
Of coward coofs, Davidson Seasons (1789) 36 {ib.). n.Cy. (Hall.) 
Nhb. He thrimmeld out what he'd to pay, Wilson Pitman's Pay 
(1843) la; Nhb.', LakeL^, Cum.« Wm. & Cum.' Upstairs an' 
down fwoke thrimmelt out Ther sixpenzes, 204. Wm. He 
thrimmel't it ower in his hand many a time afoor he gev me't 
(B.K.). w.Yks.' He thrimbld out his sixpence wi a deal to do, 
ii. 203. ne.Lan.' 

2. To fumble ; to hesitate, trifle. 

n.Cy. Grose (1790). Cum. He seemed to 'thrimble' about it, 
though, as if he was in no hurry to light up, Dalby Mayio\d 
(1888) 135. w.Yks. HuTTON Tour to Caves (1781). Lan.' 
s.Lan. Whot dusto ston thrimblin' theer for ? Bamford Dial. (i854\ 

3. To crumble bread between the fingers. Lan. (K.), 
Lan.' s.Lan. Bamford Dial. (1854) ; s.Lan.' 4. To 
twist or twiddle the thumbs round each other with the 
fingers clasped. e.Lan.', s.Lan.' 5. To catch fish by 
clutching them in the hand. Nhb.^ Cf guddle.j^.' 6. To 
crowd, throng, press ; to wrestle. See Thrumble, 5. 

Sc. With kind embracements did we thrust and thrimble, Adam- 
son Muse Threnodie (1774) 23 TJam.). n.Sc. Applied both to a 
crowd collectively and to an individual pressing into a crowd 
(Jam.). Abd. Wi' great hamstram they thriml'd thro' the thrang, 
Ross Helenore (1768) 94, ed. 1813. 

THRIMBLE, v? and sb. Irel. Cuin. Yks. Lan. Also 
in forms thrimle Cum.^ e.Yks. ; thrimmel n.Ir. Cum."; 
thrimmle e.Yks.' [)jri-m(b)l.] 1. v. To tremble, shake, 
quiver. Also used^^. Cf thrummle. 

Ir. Dear, dear, how she thrimbles. Lover Handy Andy (1842) 
xxxiv. n.Ir. Thrimmeld with fear. Lays and Leg. (1884) 57. 
Don. Jack thrimbled from head to foot, Macmanus Chim. Corners 
(1899) 45. w.Ir. He thrimbled like a dog in a wet sack, Lover 
^<'g- (•848) I. 42. Cuni.3 She's thrimlin' for her butter brass, but 
willn't thrimle lang, 25 ; Cam." e.Yks. Wi fear an thrimlin he 
was quiet oot o' breeath, Nicholson Flk. Sp. (1889) 43; e.Yks.', 
Lan.', s.Lan.' 

Hence Thrimlin-jockies, si. />/. the ciuaking or trembling 
grass, Briza media. e.Yks.' 2. sb. A tremor, fit of 

Ir. She the craythure woke up all av a thrimble, Spectator (Oct. 
26, 1889% Don. There's a thrimble in me han' — see! a mighty 
thrimble, Cent. Mag. (Oct. 1899) 959. e.Yks.' 

THRIME, sb. Sc. A triplet in verse. Mackay (s.v. 

THRIMMER, v. and sb. Lan. Also in form thrinimo 
s.Lan.' [)jri'ma(r).] 1. v. To finger or handle anything 
constantly and as if reluctant to part with it. Grose 
{i'!go)MS.add.(P.) s.Lan.' Cf thrimble, t;.' 2. 56. 
Ill-spun yarn. s.Lan. Bamford Dial. (1854) ; s.Lan.' 

THRIMP, V. and sb. Sc. Nhb. Also in form thrump 
Sc. (Jam.) [Jirimp.] 1. v. To press, squeeze ; to press 
as in a crowd. 

Sc. Mackay. Cld. I was thrumpit up (Jam.). Nhb. His hands 
in his kwoat pockets, beayth thrimpt owr his thees, Bewick 
Tyneside Talcs (i8=iO) 10; NUb.' 

2. To push ; see below. 

Cld., Rxb. Esp. applied to schoolboys when they push all before 
them from the one end of a form to another (Jam.). 

3. sb. The act of pushing by schoolboys, ib. 
THRIMPLE, see Thrimble, v.^ 

THRING, V. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. [})rit).] 1. To press, 
push, squeeze ; to press forward, push one's way in. 

Sc. Ye sal thring them a' wi a gad o' aim, Waddell Ps. (1871) 
ii. 9. Dmf. I shall just thring on here till I get desperate, Carlyle 
Lett. (1823). Kcb. That we may thring in, stooping low, Ruther- 
ford Z,f//. (1660) No. 282. n.Cy. Grose(i79o). w.Yks. ^R.H.H.); 
Willan List IVds. (181 1). 
2. With down : to throw down. 

w.Yks.^ He'd thring it down as though it didn't belong to him. 

[OE. />ringan, to press on, crowd (Sweet).] 

THRINKUMS, see Trinkums. 

THRINNEL, sb. Lan. Also in forms trinel, trinnel 
s.Lan.' ff)rinl ; tri'nl.] A boys' outdoor game resem- 
bling' hide-and-seek ' ; a word of recall used in the game ; 
see below. 

Used as a recall to boys playing ' Hide and seek,' when they 
could not be found by the players. At the close of a game it was 
shouted loudly and rapidly 'Thrinnel, Thrinnel, Thrinnel,' to 
assemble the players together (S.W.) ; A good reaund at thrinnel 
or duckstone, Clegg Sketches (1895) 7a. s.Lan.' 

THRINS, sb. Cum.'* [jjrinz.] Three at a birth. 

[O^ . pri)inr, prennr, triple, threefold (Vigfusson).] 

THRINTER, sb. Sc. Cum. Yks. Lan. Also in forms 
thinter Dmf; thrunter Rxb. (Jam.) Cum."*; trinter 
Lakel.'^ [)3rint3(r.] A sheep of three years or winters. 
See Twinter. 

Lnk., Rxb. (Jam.) Dmf. 'Twinters' and ' thinters,' sic like 
names for sheep! Wallace Schoolmaster (1899) 339. LakeL'^ 
Cum. One of our thrunters, or three-winter-old ewes, sold for 
'hutching,' Cornh. Mag. (Oct. 1890) 38a; Cum.*, n.Yks.', Lan.', 
ne.Lan.', s.Lan.' 

[OY.. pri-winkr, a period of three years (Sweet).] 

THRIP, see Threap. 

THRIPBOX, sb. Yks. [}>rip-boks.] A money-box 
for saving ; a ' thrift-box ' (q.v.). 

w.Yks. Banks Wkfid. iVds. (1865); Yts. Wkly. Post (May i, 
1897'); w.Yks.5 

THRIPPA, see Thripple, sb.\ v. 

THRIPPLE, sb.' Chs. Stf Uer. War. Wor. Shr. Hrf 
Fern. Glo. Som. Also written thriple Chs.; and in forms 
thrippa Chs.' s.Chs.' nw.Der.' ; thrippoe, thrippoo Chs. ; 
thrippow Chs.'^*; thrypow Chs. ; tripple Rem. [)jripl ; 
}>ri'p3.] A movable or rail framework attached to a cart 
or wagon, to extend its surface when carrying hay, corn, 
&c. Gen. in pi. See Dripple, Ripple, sb.* 

Chs. A carte and thriples, Local Gleanings (Feb. 1880) VIII. 
303; Morton Cyclo. Agric. (1863I; (K.) ; Chs.' Two thrippas, 
one at each end of the cart, constitute the harvest gearing; they 
are movable, and are only put on when hay or corn are to be 
carried; Chs.= 3, s.Chs.', Stf. (K.), nw.Der.', War. 3, s.Wor.', 
se.Wor.', Shr.', Hrf.* s.Pem. Laws Little Eng. (1888) 421. 
Glo.' Som. For sale, a spring wagon with thripples (W. F.R.). 

Hence Thrippa-slotes, sb. pi. the bars or rails of a 
'thrippa.' Chs.', s.Chs.' 

[Cp. perrepyllis, epredia, Metr. Voc. (c. 1450), in Wright's 
Foe. (1884) L628.] 






6.* Chs. Also in fornis thiippa, 
tlirippow Chs."' 1. v. To beat, cudgel. 
I'll thrippa thee, Ray (i6gi) ; Chs.'»» 

2. To labour hard. GfH. in prp. 

Cbs.' ; Chs.* A thrippowing pungowing life is a hard laborious 
life; Cbs.3 

3. sb. The beating part of a flail. Chs." 

[Cp. OE./;;/)f/, an instrument of punishment (B.T.).] 
THRIPPOO,THRIPPOW, seeThtipple,ii!i.',Thripple, 

ii.', 21. 

THRISHELL, THRISSEL, see Thristle, sb.', Thristle, 

THRIST, -vi.' and v.' So. n.Cy. Nhb. Lan. Shr. Hrf. 
Also in forms thrust Sc. N.Cy.' ne.Lan.' Shr.' Hrf ; trist 
Sh.I. (|)rist; jjrust, {jr^st.] I. sb. A dial, form of 


Sc. Heir learne to suffer thrist with those, sail torlur him for 
ay, Maidment Fnsqw'h (i868) 23. Sh.I. Mind a keg o' blaand Tu 
slock my trist, Stewart 7'aUs (1893) 92. Elg. Cramond Scss. 
Jiec. (1897) 203. Nhb. After slockenin' his thrist, Graham Jicil 
Scaur (1896") 334. 

Hence Thristy or Thrusty, adj. thirsty. 

Sc. Tlie thristie thistle must no longer stay, Klse might she suck 
my sweetness all away, Maidment Spolliswoode Misc. (1844 5) I. 
183. Sh.I. Castin' [peats] wis aye tristy wark, S/i. News iMay 
22, 1897). Slk. Awmrose, ma man, I'm thrusty— yill. Cur. 
North A'of/« led. 1856) III. 199. n.Cy.(HALL.), N.Cy.', ne.Lan.', 
Shr.' Hrf. I'm very thrusty, Kound Frovhic. (i876>. 
2. Phr. an aiild moon mist never dees o' Ihrist, a mist 
round an 'old' moon always foretells rain. Gall. Mac- 
TAGGART Encycl. (1824) 212, ed. 1876. 3. v. To cause 

Sh.I. Yon corne o' saut pork 'ill be tristin' you. Will doo hae 
a can o' swatts! Sli. News (Apr. 27, 1901). 

THRIST, i^.^ and 56.* Sc. Nhb. Also in form.s threast 
Nhb.»; trist S.& Ork.'Or.I. lt>rist.J 1. f. To thrust, 
push ; to press, squeeze, hug ; to wring. A dial, form of 

Sh.I. 1 wid trist her i" my bossum, Stewart Tales (1892) 248; 
S. & Ork.', Or. I. (S.A.S.) Slk. I heard a kind o' rubbing and 
thristing, as a fox or foumart had been drawing himsel through a 
hole aneath the ground, Hogg Tales (1838) 663, ed. 1866. 

2. sb. A thrust; a push. 

Rxb. (Jam.) Nhb.' Esp. applied to the internal sensation of 
pain in the bowels felt on pressure. ' Aa feel a thrist.' 

3. A squeeze, hug. 

Sh.I. I wid trist her i' my bossum ; for I wid gie her a kiss wi' 
every trist, .Stewart Tales (1892) 248. 

4. The action of the jaws in squeezing the juice from a 
quid of tobacco. 

Rxb. Whiles as thou dries the tither thrist, A. Scon Poems {ei. 
1811 , lor (Jam.). 

THRIST, v.^ n.Sc. (Jam.) To spin, esp. in phr. to 
lluisi a thread. 

THRISTLE, sb} Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Shr. Dev. Cor. 
Also written thrissel Sc. (Jam.) Nhb.'; and in forms 
thirssle Cai." ; thirstle Shr. Dev. Cor.; thrishell Dev.^ 
[firi-sl.] 1. The song-thrush, Turdus musicus. See 
Throstle, s6.', Thrustle. 

Shr. SwAiNSON BiV(/5 (1885) 3. Dev.' Dev., Cor. SwAiNSONii. 

2. Comp. (i) Thristle-cock, (a) the song-thrush, Turdus 
tuusicus ; (6) the common bunting, Eniberiza miliaria ; (2) 
■cock-lairag, see (i, b). 

(I) Sc. (Jam.) ; The thristlecock is the bonniest bird Sings on 
the evening gale, Scott Minstrelsy (1802) III. 33, ed. 1848. Nhb.' 
Dur. The Thristle-cock sings in the glen, Bislioprick Garl. (1834) 
57. (A) N.I.' (a) Cai.> 

THRISTLE, sb.' Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Yks. Also 
written thrisle Sc. (Jam.); thrissel e.Fif Bwk. n.Ir. Nhb.'; 
thrissill Sc. (Jam.) ; thrissle Sc. Dur.' ; and in forms 
thrusle Lnk. ; thrussel Nhb.; thrustle Dmi". m.Yks.' 
[}>risl.] A dial, form of ' thistle.' 

Sc. He's nae gentleman . . . wad grudge . . . the thristles by the 
road-side for a bit cuddy, Scorr Guy M. (1815) iii. Frf. Auld 
Scotland's burrie thristle Has never lost ac single bristle. Smart 
Rhymes (1834) 166. Per. Haliburton iOioiiar (1895) 63. Fif. 
Nae thrisles here your thumbs to prick, Douglas Po^wis (1806) 
145. e.Fif. It was mair fruitfu" o' thrissels an' weebos than o'aits 

an' tawtics, I.atto Tarn Bodkin (1864) i. Ayr. Paint Scotland 
Rrcctin owrc her thrissle, livKKS Author's Ciy (1786) St. 7. Lnk. 
Dry't the heads o' whins an' thruslcs, Nicholson Kiluuiliiie 
(189s) 35. Bwk. Calder Poems (1897 81. Dmf. He knockil aflf 
the beds o' twa or three thrusllcs, Ponder Kirkcumdoon (1873) 
23. n.Ir. Where good corn was planted Big thrissels grew. 
Lays and Leg. (1884) 8. Nhb. B'yckt milk is m'yed be boilin the 
paps iv a coo in milky Ihrussels, Chater TynisideAlm. ,1869) 40; 
Nhb.', Dur.', ni.Vks.' 

Hence Thrissly or Thristly, adj. (i) abounding in 
thistles ; bristly ; (3)/iff. testy, crabbed. 

(i) Elg. Dapplin' on his camseach chin His thristly honours 
grew, CouPER Pot)ns (1804) II. 80. Gall. Reapers who have the 
bad luck to reap thrisly corn, Mactaggart Encyct. (1824) 58, ed. 
1876. (2) n.Sc. (Jam.) 

[Vpune the awfull Thrissill scho beheld, And saw him 
kepit with a busche of speiris, Dunbar Poems (c. 1510), 
ed. Small, U. 187.) 

THRIV-, see Thrave, sb. 

THRIVANCE, sb. Obs. Sc. Prosperity, success. 

Gall. 'Tis thine the poor man's peace to earn, Wi' thrivance to 
each dauted bairn, Nicholson Poet. Wks. (1814) 15