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THE ENGLISH DIALECT DICTIONARY is printed at the expense of JOSEPH 
of 119 Banbury Road, Oxford. 



Buff. 1 

Brks. 1 


Cml). 1 = 

Chs. 1 

Chs. 2 

Chs. 3 

s.Chs. 1 

Cor. ' 

Cor. 2 

Cor. 3 = 
Cnm. 1 = 

Cnm. 2 
Cnm. 3 
Ctim. 4 

Der. 1 
Der. 2 
nw.Der. 1 = 
Dev. 1 

Dev. 2 
Dev. 3 
nw.Dev. 1 

Antrim and Down. A Glossary of Words in use 

in the Counties of Antrim and Down. By W. 

HUGH PATTERSON. E. D. S., 1880. 
Banffshire. The Dialect of Banffshire. By Rev. 

W. GREGOR, 1866. 
Berkshire. A Glossary of Berkshire Words and 

Phrases. By Major B. LOWSLEV. E. D. S., 1888. 
Caithness. MS. Collection of Caithness Words. 


Cambridgeshire. MS. Collection of Cambridge- 
shire Words. By J. W. DARWOOD. 
Cheshire. Glossary of Words used in the County 

of Chester. By R. HOLLAND. E. D. S., 1884-6. 
Cheshire. An Attempt at a Glossary of some Words 

used in Cheshire. By ROGER WILBRAHAM, 1826. 
Cheshire. A Glossary of Words used in the Dialect 

of Cheshire. By E. LEIGH, 1877. 
Cheshire. The Folk-Speech of South Cheshire. 

By TH. DARLINGTON. E. D. S., 1887. 
Cornwall. Glossary of Words in use in Cornwall. 

By Miss M. A. COURTNEY and T. Q. COUCH. 

E. D.S., 1880. 
Cornwall. The Ancient Language and the Dialect 

of Cornwall. By F. W. P. JAGO, 1882. 
Cornwall. MS. Collection of Cornish Words. By 

Cumberland. A Glossary of Words and Phrases 

pertaining to the Dialect of Cumberland. By 

W. DICKINSON. E. D. S., 1878-81. 
Cumberland. The Dialect of Cumberland. By 

R. FERGUSON, 1873. 
Cumberland. The Folk-Speech of Cumberland 

and some Districts adjacent. By A. C. GIBSON, 1869. 
Cumberland. A Glossary of the Words and 

Phrases pertaining to the Dialect of Cumberland. 

By W. DICKINSON. Re-arranged, illustrated, and 

augmented by quotations, by E. W. PREVOST, 1899. 
Derbyshire. Pegge's Derbicisms, edited by TH. 

HALLAH and W. W. SKEAT. E. D. S., 1894. 
Derbyshire. An Attempt at a Derbyshire Glossary. 

By JOHN SLEIGH, 1865. 

Derbyshire. MS. Collection of North-West Derby- 
shire Words. By T. HALLAM. 
Devonshire. Glossary to 'A Dialogue in the 

Devonshire Dialect,' by a Lady. By J. F. 

PALMER, 1837. 
Devonshire. MS. Collection of North Devonshire 

Words. By W. H. DANIELS. 
Devonshire. MS. Collection of Devonshire Words. 

Devonshire. A Glossary of Devonshire Plant 

Names. By Rev. HILDERIC FRIEND. E.D.S.,i882. 
Devonshire. The Dialect of Hartland, Devon- 
shire. By R. PEARSE CHOPE. E. D. S., 1891. 

Dorsetshire. Poems of Rural Life, in the Dorset 

Dialect; with a Dissertation and Glossary, 1848. 

Durham A Glossary of Provincial Words used 

in Teesdale in the County of Durham. 1849. 
Durham. A List of Words and Phrases in every- 
day use by the natives of Hetton-le-Hole. By 

Rev. F. M. T. PALGRAVE. E. D. S., 1896. 
Durham. Walks in Weardale. By W. H. SMITH 

(ed. 1885). 
East Anglia. The Vocabulary of East Anglia. 

By R. FORBY, 1830. Second Edition, consider- 
ably enlarged, by W. RYE. E. D. S., 1895. 
East Anglia. The Vocabulary of East Anglia. By 

Rev. W. T. SPURDENS. E. D. S., 1879. 
Essex. A Glossary of the Essex Dialect. By 

R. S. CHARNOCK, 1880. 
Gloucestershire. A Glossary of Dialect and 

Archaic Words used in the County of Gloucester. 

Gloucestershire. A Glossary of the Cotswold 

(Gloucestershire) Dialect. By Rev. R. W. HUNT- 
LEY, 1868. 
Hampshire. A Glossary of Hampshire Words 

and Phrases. By Rev. Sir W. H. COPE, Bart. 

E. D. S., 1883. 
Hampshire. Isle of Wight Words. By Major 

H. SMITH and C. ROACH SMITH. E. D. S., 1881. 
Hampshire. A Dictionary of the Isle of Wight 

Dialect, and of Provincialisms used in the Island. 

By W. H. LONG, 1886. 
Herefordshire. A Glossary of Provincial Words 

used in Herefordshire and some of the adjoining 

Counties. [By Sir G. C. LEWIS], 1839. 
Herefordshire. Herefordshire Glossary. By 

Kent. A Dictionary of the Kentish Dialect and 

Provincialisms in use in the County of Kent. 

By W. D. PARISH and W. F. SHAW. E. D. S., 1887. 
Kent. An Alphabet of Kenticisms. By SAMUEL 

PEGGE. E. D. S., 1876. 
Lakeland. Lakeland and Iceland. By T. ELLWOOD. 

E.D.S., 1895. 

Lakeland. Lakeland Words. By B. KIRKBY, 1898. 
Lancashire. A Glossary of the Lancashire Dialect. 

By J. H. NODAL and G. MILNER. E. D. S., 1875-82. 
Lancashire. A Glossary of the Words and Phrases 

of Furness (North Lancashire). By J. P. MORRIS, 

Lancashire. A Glossary of the Dialect of the 

Hundred of Lonsdale. By R. B. PEACOCK. London 

Phil. Soc. Trans., 1869. 
Lancashire. A Glossary of Rochdale-with-Rossen- 

dale Words and Phrases. By H. CUNLIFFE, 1886. 

Dor. 1 

Dur. 1 
e.Dnr. 1 

w.Dnr. 1 
e.An. 1 

El*. 1 
Qlo. 1 

Qlo. 2 
Hmp. 1 

I.W. 2 


Hrf. 2 

Ken. 1 

Ken. 2 
Lakel. 1 



ne.Lan. 1 

e.Lan. 1 



m.Lan. 1 = Lancashire. A Blegburn Dickshonary. By J. 
BARON, 1891. 

s.Lau. 1 Lancashire. The Folk-Speech of South Lan- 
cashire. By F. E. TAYLOR, 1901. 

Lei. 1 = Leicestershire. Leicestershire Words, Phrases, 
and Proverbs. By A. BENONI EVANS. E. D. S., 

Lin. 1 = Lincolnshire. Provincial Words and Expressions 
current in Lincolnshire. By J. E. BROGDEN, 1866. 

n.Lin. 1 = Lincolnshire. A Glossary of Words used in the 
Wapentakes of Manley and Corringham, Lincoln- 
shire. By EDWARD PEACOCK. E. D. S., First 
Edition, 1877; Second Edition, 1889. 

sw.Lin. 1 = Lincolnshire. Glossary of the Words in use in 
South- West Lincolnshire. By Rev. R. E. G. COLE. 
E. D. S., 1886. 

Srf. 1 = Norfolk. Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft. By 
J. G. NALL, 1866. 

Nhp. 1 = Northamptonshire. Glossary of Northamptonshire 
Words and Phrases. By A. E. BAKER, 1854. 

Nhp. 2 = Northamptonshire. The Dialect and Fplk-Lore of 
Northamptonshire. By THOMAS STERNBERG, 1851. 

S.Cy. 1 = North Country. A Glossary of North Country 
Words. By J. T. BROCKETT, 1846. 

W.Cy. 2 = North Country. A Collection of English Words, 
1691. By JOHN RAY. E.D. S., 1874. 

Nhb. 1 = Northumberland. Northumberland Words. A 
Glossary of Words used in the County of North- 
umberland. By R. O. HESLOP. E. D. S., 1892-4. 

Not. 1 = Nottinghamshire. MS. Collection of Nottingham- 
shire Words. By THOMAS A. HILL. 

Wot. 2 = Nottinghamshire. MS. Collection of Nottingham- 
shire Words. By HORACE WALKER. 

Not. 3 = Nottinghamshire. MS. Collection of Nottingham- 
shire Words. By R. L. ABBOTT. 

Oxf. 1 = Oxfordshire. Oxfordshire Words. ByMrs. PARKER. 
E. D.S., 1876, 1881. 

But. 1 = Butlandshire. Rutland Words. By Rev. CHRISTO- 

S.feOrk. 1 - Shetland and Orkneys. An Etymological Glos- 
sary of the Shetland and Orkney Dialect. By 

Shr. 1 = Shropshire. Shropshire Word-Book, a Glossary 
of Archaic and Provincial Words, &c., used in the 
County. By G. F. JACKSON, 1879. 

Shr. 2 = Shropshire. Salopia Antiqua. By C. H. HARTS- 
HORNE. London, 1841. 

w.Som. 1 = Somersetshire. The West Somerset Word-Book. 
A Glossary of Dialectal and Archaic Words and 
Phrases used in the West of Somerset and East 
of Devon. By F. T. ELWORTHY. E. D. S., 1888. 

Stf. 1 = Staffordshire. An Attempt towards a Glossary of 
the Archaic and Provincial Words of the County 
of Stafford. By CHARLES H. POOLE, 1880. 

Stf. 2 = Staffordshire. MS. Collection of Staffordshire 
Words. By T. C. WARRINGTON and A. POPE. 

Snf. 1 = Suffolk. Suffolk Words and Phrases. By E. MOOR, 

Sur. 1 = Surrey. Surrey Provincialisms. By GRANVILLE 
LEVESON-GOWER. E. D. S., 1876, 1893. 

Bus. 1 = Sussex. A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect. By 
W. D. PARISH, 1875. 

Bus. 2 = Sussex. A Glossary of the Provincialisms in use in 
the County of Sussex. By W. D. COOPER, 

Warwickshire. Warwickshire Glossary. By T. War. 1 

SHARP. Ed. by J. O. HALLIWELL, 1865. 
Warwickshire. A Warwickshire Word-Book. By = War. 2 

G. F. NORTHALL. E. D.S., 1896. 
Warwickshire. MS. Collection of Warwickshire = War. 3 

Words. By E. SMITH. 
Warwickshire. Glossary of Warwickshire Dialect. = War. 4 

By G. MILLER, 1898. 
Warwickshire. South Warwickshire Words. By = s.War. 1 

Mrs. FRANCIS. E. D. S., 1876. 
Westmoreland. MS. Collection of Westmoreland = Wm. 1 

Words. By W. H. HILLS and Dr. JUST. 
Westmoreland and Cumberland. Dialogues, = Wm. ft 

Poems, Songs, and Ballads, by various writers, Cum. 1 

in the Westmoreland and Cumberland Dialects. 

Published by J. R. SMITH, 1839. 
Wexford. A Glossary, with some Pieces of Verse, = Wxf. 1 

&c. By JACOB POOLE, 1867. 
Wiltshire. A Glossary of Words used in the = Wil. 1 

County of Wiltshire. By G. E. DARTNELL and 

E. H. GODDARD. E. D. S., 1893. 
Wiltshire. A Glossary of Provincial Words and = Wil. 2 

Phrases in use in Wiltshire. By J. Y. AKKRHAN, 

Worcestershire. A Glossary of West Worcester- = w.Wor. 1 

shire Words. By Mrs. CHAMBERLAIN. K.D.S. ,1882. 
Worcestershire. South - East Worcestershire = se.Wor. 1 

Words. A Glossary of Words and Phrases used 

in Smith-East Worcestershire. By JESSE SALIS- 
BURY. E. D. S., 1894. 
Worcestershire. Upton-on-Severn Words and = s.Wor. 1 

Phrases. By ROBERT LAWSON. E. D. S., 1884. 
Yorkshire. A Glossary of the Cleveland Dialect. = n.Yks. 1 

By Rev. J.C. ATKINSON, 1868. Additions to the 

above, E.D. S., 1876. 
Yorkshire. A Glossary of Words used in the = n.Yks. 2 

neighbourhood of Whitby. By F. K. ROBINSON. 

E. D. S., 1876. 
Yorkshire. A Glossary of Words used in Swale- n.Yks. 3 

dale, Yorkshire. By Captain JOHN HARLAND. 

E. D. S., 1873. 
Yorkshire. Wit, Character, Folklore, and Customs = n.Yks. 4 

of the North Riding of Yorkshire. By R. BLAKE- 
BOROUGH, 1898. 
Yorkshire. Yorkshire Folk-Talk. By M. C. F. = ne.Yks. 1 

MORRIS, 1892. 
Yorkshire. A Glossary of Words used in Holder- = e.Yks. 1 

ness in the East Riding of Yorkshire. By F. Ross, 

R. STEAD, and TH. HOLDERNESS. E.D. S., 1877. 
Yorkshire. A Glossary of Words pertaining to = m.Yks. 1 

the Dialect of Mid-Yorkshire. By C. CLOUGH 

ROBINSON. E. D. S., 1876. 
Yorkshire. The Dialect of Craven, in the West = w.Yk. 1 

Riding of the County ofYork. By W. CARR, 1828. 
Yorkshire. A Glossary of Words used in the = w.Yks. 2 

neighbourhood of Sheffield. By S. O. ADDY. 

E. D. S., 1888-90. 
Yorkshire. A Glossary of the Dialect of Almond- = w.Yks. 3 

bury and Huddersfield. By ALFRED EASTHER. 

E. D. S., 1883. 
Yorkshire. The Hallamshire Glossary. By J. = w.Yks. 4 

HUNTER, 1829. 
Yorkshire. The Dialect of Leeds, and its Neigh- = w.Yks. 5 

bourhood to which is added a copious 

Glossary. By C. C. ROBINSON, 1861. 

Where no authority is given for plant-names, the information has been obtained from A Dictionary of English 
Plant Names, by J. Britten and R. Holland. E. D. S., 1878-86. 

T, sb. I.Ma. Stf. Der. Shr. Bdf. Nrf. Suf. Ken. Som. 
Also written tee I.Ma. Stf. Der. Bdf. Nrf. Suf. Ken. 1 
w.Som. 1 ; and in form tye Der. 1. In comp. (i) T-bob, 
a T-shaped frame used in pumping mines ; (2) -handle, 
a handle of a spade, &c. having a short cross-bar at the top ; 
(3) -headed, 01 a plough : having a T-shaped head. 

(i) Stf. The Chronicle (Oct. 25, 1901). (a) Shr. 1 (3) s.Bdf. 
These are called tee-headed ploughs in the south of the county, 
BATCHELOR Agric. (1813) i6a. 

2. An iron, shaped like the top of the letter T, with a 
chain attached to the centre. 

Nrf. 1 Suf. 1 Iron holdfasts in the shape of the top of the letter 
T, pendant on short chains from the seels of a horse's collar, or 
from the thillbells. They are thrust, one end first, through 
staples on the shafts. Ken. 1 w.Som. 1 Tees are at the ends of the 
chain to a horse's head-stall or night-halter. 

3. The point where a cross vein intersects another at 
right angles. 

Der. Tee or Tye is where a cross vein approaches another vein 
at nearly right angles, whose side it joins without intersecting or 
breaking through it, TAPPING Cl. to Manlove (1837) ; New Thing, 
Old Thing, . . Tee or Pee, MANLOVE Lead Mines (1653) 1. 44. 

4. Phr. that's the tee, that is the right thing, ' that's the 

I.Ma. A understandin that's the tee, BROWN Witch (1889) 93. 

TA, pron. e.An. Also in forms te e.An. 1 ; ter Nrf.; 
to e.An.' Suf. It, that. 

e.An. 1 Nrf. Ta be the wice o' my sweetheart, GILLETT Sitg. Sol. 
(1860) v. a; What on aarth can ter be about, A.B.K. Wright's 
Fortune (1885) 6 ; Athout ter be that gude-natured waiter, ib. 45 ; 
Common hereabouts (M.C.H.B.). Suf. I didn't know who to-was 
(S.J.) ; Snf. 1 ' Dew it rain !' ' Is ta dew.' 

TA, see Take, The, dem. adj., Thou. 

TA(A, sb. Sc. Cum. Wm. Lan. Also in form taw 
Sh.I. [te.] 1. A fibre, filament ; a fibrous root ; a thread. 
Cf. taave. 

Sh.I. Doo sees foo he [fish liver] can be peeled, an' da taas taen 
oot afore I pit in da floo'r, Sh. News (June a, 1900) ; The taws 
(taas) o' da liver refers to the fibrous part of the fish-liver, which 
was generally extracted before using the liver as an article of diet 
(J.S.) ; JAKOBSEN Dial. (1897) 33 ; S. & Ork. 1 , Cai. 1 

Hence Taaie, adj. fibrous, full of fibres. S. & Ork. 1 , 
Cai. 1 2. A stolon, as of couch-grass, sedge, &c. Cai. 1 
3. pi. Wood split thin with which to make baskets. 

Cum. 24 Wm. Aur aud fello is soa learn he can dea nowt but 
rive taas for whiskets an teanales, WHEELER Dial. (1790) 53. 
ne.Lan. 1 

[1. Cp. Icel. tccgja, fibre (VioFusson).] 

TAA, see Taw, sb. 1 

TAAHELLYIK, sb. Sh.I. One of the fiat stones laid 
along the lower edge of the roof under the straw for 
running off the water. JAKOBSEN Dial. (1897) 88. 

[Cp. ON./rt, thatch, and hella, a flat stone (ViGFUsson).] 

TAAL, v. Obs. or obsol, n.Cy. Yks. Also written tale 
n.Cy. m.Yks. 1 1. To settle ; to accommodate oneself to 
new circumstances, habits, &c. Cf. thole, v. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790) ; (HALL.) n.Yks. 1 ; n.Yks. 2 'Thor sheep 
decant taal weel to their new haaf,' do not get reconciled to their 
new quarters ; n.Yks. 4 e.Yks. As a servant in a place, sheep in 
a pasture, MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1788). m.Yks. 1 
2. To make agree ; to reconcile. m.Yks. 1 

[Cp. Dan. taale, to bear, stand, support ; to suffer, endure 


TAAM,z>. Nhb.Cum.Wm. To doze, go to sleep; to faint. 

Nhb. 1 He'll syun taam ower. Cum., Wm. NICOLSON (1677) 
Trans. R. Soc. Lit. (1868) IX. 

TAAN, see Take, Tone. num. adj. 

TAAND, sb. Sh.I. [tend.] A firebrand ; a burning 
peat ; a live coal. Cf. tend, v." 

He lit the remnant of a ' fill ' of Greenland plug with a ' taand,' 
BURGESS Lowra Biglan (1896) ai ; The guidwife would seize a 
lowin taand [live coal] and chase the uncanny visitor out the door, 
throwing the fire after her, SPEKCE Fit- Lore (1899) 140; S.&Ork.' 

[Cp. ON. tandri, fire (ViGFUSSON).] 

TAANLE, TAAPIE, see Tawnle, Tawpie. 

Tear, v.\ Tawsfe, Taistrel, Taut, v. 2 , Tatie. 

TAAVE, v. Sc. Also in forms tyaave (JAM.) ; tyauve 
Bnff. 1 [tev.] 1. To tease out, as oakum ; to ravel. Sh.I., 
Mry. (JAM.) Cf. ta(a. Hence (i) Taave-taes, sb. pi. pit- 
fir, used for making ropes, being split into fibres and 
twisted ; (2) Tyaavin-skate, sb. a dish composed of skate 
reduced to filaments. 

(i) Crm., Inv., Mry., Nal. (JAM.) (a) Bnff. 1 , Rnf. (JAM.) 
2. To caulk ; to close up a rent with stuffing. 

Sh.I. Yon bit o' rent could a been taav'd up for a while, onywye 
fil da drought cam', Sh. News (Dec. 34, 1898) ; S. & Ork. 1 

TAB, s*. 1 Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. Lin. 
Lei. Nhp. War. Oxf. e.An. Hmp. Also in form twab 
Lan. [tab, taeb.] 1. The narrow or pointed end of 
anything ; the end of an object intended for insertion in a 
hole cut for its reception. Also in comp. Tab-end. 

Cum. 1 The narrow end of a field, &c. ; Cum. 24 n-Yks. 1 The 
lower portion of an iron scraper with one leg, which is to be let 
into and fixed by aid of lead or cement in a stone. w.Yks. (J.W.), 
ne.Lan. 1 

2. The end of a strap outside the buckle. N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 

3. "A label affixed to goods for sale ; a luggage label. 
War. 3 4. A tatter; a torn piece of a garment; the 
waste end cut off a piece of cloth. 

Nhb. 1 w.Yks. A hearth-rug made o' worsed tabs Afore the fire 
wor spread, CUDWORTH Dial. Sketches (1884) 106; w.Yks. 8 Lan. 
It [i.e. the shirt] dangult, aw bits, o' twabs, cleeur rewnd obewt 
him, PAUL BOBBIN Sequel (1819) 8. 

Hence (i) Tabbing, sb. a stripe woven in a different 
colour of weft at the end of a piece of calico, &c. ; (2) Tab- 
end, sb. the end of a piece of cloth, esp. the first-woven end 
to which the strings of the warp are attached. 

(i) Lan. Nowt like a smeawch for puttin' a finish upo' things. 
It's like a tabbin' at th' eend of a cut, BRIERLEY Red Wind. (1868) 
370, ed. 1884. s.Lan. 1 Colloquially it is used in the sense of 
'finishing' anything. 'Aw'm just puttin' th' tabbin' on.' (a) 
w.Yks. TOM TREDDLEHOYLE Baimsla Ann. (1866) 56. e.Lan. 1 , 
s.Lan. 1 
6. The loop by which a garment is hung up. Sc. (G.W.) 

Hence Tabbed, ppl. adj. of a cap, &c. : having the 
corners folded up. 

Abd. Her mither ware a tabbit mutch, SKINNER Poems (1809) 79, 
ed. 1859. 

6. The latchet of a shoe ; the piece of a shoe to which the 
buckle is fastened. 

N.Cy. 2 , ne.Lan. 1 , Der. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , Lin. 1 , n-Lin. 1 , Nhp. 1 , e.An. 1 

7. The tongue closing up the front of a boot or shoe. 
w.Yks. 2 , Not. 1 , Lin. 1 , Lei> 8. The metallic tag at the 
end of a boot-lace, &c. 

Cum. 2 , ne.Lan. 1 , Der. 1 . n.Lin. 1 , Oxf. (G.O.), e.An.i 




9. A shoe-string. Hmp. 1 10. pi. Obs. Children's 
hanging sleeves. n.Cy. (K.), N.Cy. 2 11. The ear. Also 
in conip. Tab-hole. Cf. tib, sb. 1 

Not. ' I'll pat your tab,' I'll box your ears (H.E.B.) ; Not. 1 s.Not. 
Ooh ! my tabs is co'd (J.P.K.). Lin. 1 

TAB, sb. 2 Dev. Cor. [taeb.] A turf; dried roots and 
grass raked up and burnt ; cow-dung dried for burning. 
Cf. tabban, 2, tob, sb. 

s.Dev. (Miss D.) Cor. If I'd a tab of turf handy, I'd bring it at 
your mouth, you greasy cavalryman, ' Q.' Wandering Heath (1895) 
21 ; Cor. 123 

TAB,sb. 3 Nhb. 1 [tab.] Part of the entrails of a sheep 
or pig. 

TAB, v. 1 e.Yks. 1 [tab.] To catch, seize. 

He was just off when maisther tabbed him. 

TAB, sb* and v? Yks. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] 1. sb. Notice to quit. n.Yks. N. &* O. (1883) 
6th S. vii. 245. 2. v. To give notice to quit. 

To tab a tenant, ib. 

"TAB,adj'.andsb. s Sc.Not.Lin. [tab.] 1. adj. Of a cat: 
striped, brindled ; a shortened form of ' tabby.' Sc. 
(JAM. Suppl.) 2. Comp. Tab-cat, (i) a striped or brindled 
cat, a tabby cat ; (2) a pet cat. 

(i) Not. 1 Lin. 1 Do yah see that there big tab-cat? (2) Lnk. 
My first new hat . . . Sleek and black As ony young tab cat, 
MURDOCH Lyre (1873) 60. 

3. sb. A male cat ; a pet name for a cat. Sc. (JAM. 

TABBAN, sb. Cor. Also in forms tabbun, tabm 
Cor. 2 ; tabn Cor. 1 ; tubban Cor. 23 [tae'ban.] ' 1. A 
morsel, esp. of food ; a slice of bread and butter. 

Hen-cock, han-cock, give me a ' tabban,' or else ' Col-perra ' 
shall come to your door, Flk-Lore Jrn. (1886) IV. 131 ; A tabban 
they called a piece, TREGELLAS Character (1868) 54 ; Cor. 12 
2. A piece of turf. Cor. 23 Cf. tab, s6. 2 

[OCor. tabm, a piece ; a morsel (WILLIAMS).] 

TABBER, see Tabor. 

TABBET, sb. Obs. Sc. Also in form tabbit. In 
phr. to take tabbet, to take an opportunity of having any 
advantage that may come in one's way. 

Ayr. I'll tak tabbit wi' you anither time, Edb. Mag. (Apr. 
1821) 352 (JAM.). 

TABERING, see Tavering. 

TABERN,s6. 04s. n.Cy. A cellar. (K.); GROSE (1790); 
N.Cy. 2 [Lat. taberna, a booth, stall.] 

TABERNACLE, sb. and v. Sc. Yks. 1. sb. A wood- 
man's hut ; a gipsy-tent, or other similar portable structure. 

w.Yks. It was a tabernacle sort o' thing ; you might have gotten 
a stack of hay under it, thack and all (C.C.R.). 

2. Phr. to keep up the tabernacle, to continue in a full habit 
of body, not to lose flesh ; to use means for keeping thus. 

Sc. For a' the sair wark he speaks about, he ay keeps up the 
tabernacle (JAM.). 

3. v. To camp out. 

w.Yks. Thou looks as if thou had been tabernacling out a month 
(C.C.R.). Sc. Also in forms taebet Fif. ; taipit Fif. 
Lth. QAM.) ; tapet Sc. n.Sc. QAM.) ; tebbit n.Sc. (JAM.) 
Fif; ; teppit Fif. Lth. GAM.) ; tibbit Frf. ; tibet w.Sc. 
(JAM. Suppl.) [te-bat; te'bit.] Bodily sensation, feeling; 
strength ; also in pi. 

Sc. The man . . . lost his tebbit, DRUMMOND Muckomachy (1846) 
18. n.Sc. My fingers lost the tebbits QAM.). Frf. Lurking in the 
burn till there were no tibbits in his toes, BARRIE Tommy (1896) 
251. Fif. TENNANT Papistry (1827) 164. Lth. (JAM.) 

Hence Tabetless, adj.(i) destitute of sensation, numb ; 
(2) heedless, foolish. 

(i) n.Sc. (JAM.) Abd. But toil and heat so overpower'd her 
pith, That she grew tabletless, and swarft therewith, Ross Helenore 
(1768) 25, ed. 1812. Frf., e.Per. My fingers are juist tabetless 
wi' washin' in that cauld waiter (W.A.C.). w.Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) 
Fif. Taebetless fingers had to be thawed in loo water, COLVILLE 
Vernacular (1899) 18. Lth. (JAM.) (2) Sc. The coof wha believes 
angel's visits are few Is nocht but a tapetless loon I'd droon, 
ALLAN Lilts (1874) 279. w.Sc. (JAM); Still used (ib. Suppl.}. 
Ayr. The tapetless, ramfeezl'd hizzie, She's saft at best, and some- 
thing lazy, BURNS 2nd Ep. to J. Lapraik (Apr. 2t, 1785) st. 3. 
Lth. The laddie's gane teppitless (JAM.). 

TABLE, sb. and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and Eng. 
[te-bl, tea'bl, tia'bl.] 1. sb. In comp. (i) Table-board, a 
table, esp. the top; (2) -cloot, a table-cloth; (3) -grave- 
stone, a flat gravestone ; (4) -seat, a square pew in church 
with a table in the middle ; (5) -tombstone, see (3). 

(i) Dor. (W.C. c. 1750). Som. Free quarters for ho'se an' man, 
let alone victuals an' drink, but a day's pay on the table-board to 
boot, RAYMOND Smoke, 10. w.Som. 1 Ue'-v u-kaard uwai' dhu kai' 
udhu doo'ur? Aay Iaef'-m uun'ee binaewtaap-dhu tae'ubl-boo'urd. 
Dev. Whom he valued so much for their companionable qualities, 
not only with hounds, but at ' table-board,' Mem. Rev. J. Russell 
(1883) xiv. Cor. 1 (2) Ayr. I had clean forgotten the table-cloot, 
that by way of a daidly was preened wi' a wee siller saumon to 
my lapelle, SERVICE Notandums (1890) 28. (3) w.Yks. Grace sat 
her dahn on a table gravestun, Yks. Wkly. Post (Oct. 24, 1896). 
(4) Sc. (JAM.) (5) e.Sc. It's a wee like a table-tombstane, STRAIN 
Elmslics Drag-net (1900) 165. Lnk. We had jumped the dyke, 
and were seated on a table tombstone, ROY Generalship (ed. 1895)92. 

2. Phr. (i) to coup the tables, to retort ; to ' turn the tables ' ; 
(2) to have one's legs under a very good table, to be very well 
off; to have no cause of complaint. 

(i) Ayr. I coupit the tables by saying it wud be wicer like if she 
got her ain guid-brither to pit a halter on sic vicious bruits, 
JOHNSTON Congalion (1896) 75. (2) n.Lin. 1 

3. The table spread for the Sacrament of the Holy Com- 
munion ; the Communion table ; gen. in pi. 

Sc. (JAM.) Bnff. 1 'To gang to the tables,' to partake of the 
Communion. Per. She goes forward to the Tables, and the whole 
lot of ministers and elders cannot hinder her, SARAH TYTLER 
Witch-wife (1897) 17. Suf. On the first Sunday of the month the 
women-folk remained behind, ' for the Table," BETHAM-DWARDS 
Mock Beggars' Hall (1902) 29. 

4. Obs. A woollen-trade term : an arrangement for 
stretching cloth during the process of ' raising.' 

w.Yks. Nearly automatic gigs in place of hand-raising tables, 
BINNS From Vill. to Town (1882) 17. 

5. A platform. 

Con. Divil another thing he done from the first minute he put 
his feet on the table, BODKIN Shillelagh (1902) 78; I walked upon 
the table mesel', as stiff as the best, ib. 79. 

6. A hedging term : see below. 

Nhp. 1 War. 3 The two rows of quick in a double hedge are ' 
called the top and the bottom table, the latter being nearest the 
ditch. Hnt. (T.P.F.) . 

Hence Table-hedge, sb. the prepared ground for 
planting the quick. Nhp. 1 , War. 3 7. The side of a 
road or path, having an entablature of soil, along which 
the water runs; a kind of gutter. s.Wor. (H.K.) Cf. 
tabling, 3. 8. v. Obs. To board. 

Fif. He was tabled in the house of ane advocate called Mr. , 

whose wife wes his aunt, Row Cfi. Hist. (1650) 468, ed. 1842. 
N.Cy. 1 , w.Yks. 1 Lan. His wife came to us about Jany. 7th, and she 
had tabled with us till his return out of Ireland with her son and 
servant, NEWCOME Autob. (1661) in Cheth. Soc. Publ. (i8s2) 
XXVI. 138. 

Hence Tabler, sb., obs., a boarder. 

w.Yks. 1 Lan. Mr. Bath was w th mee y* day. I begin to fear 
least y* busynes prove inconvenient about tablet's, NEWCOME 
Diary (1663) in Cheth. Soc. Publ. (1849) XVIII. 152. 
9. To make a watercourse by the side of a road ; to 
clear out a watercourse ; gen. in phr. to fable the road. 
Wor. (H.K.) 

TABLING, sb. Sc. Yks. Wor. Glo. Bdf. [te'blin.] 

1. The stone coping of a wall or gable. 

Abd. Up on the watch-tower riggin' there's a draggled hoodie 
craw. . . Up an' doon the tablin' wi' a gloatin' roupy hoast, He 
haps, MURRAY Hamewiih (1900) 25. w.Yks. (J.J.B.), Glo. 12 

2. Obs. A ledge on a bank in which quicks are planted. 
Bdf. The plants [quicks] being set on a ledge or tabling on the 

declivity, BATCHELOR Agric. (1813) 271. 

3. The side of a road or path, having an entablature of 
soil, along which the water runs ; a kind of gutter. s.Wor. 
(H.K.) Cf. table, 7. 

TABM, TABN, see Tabban. 

TABOR, sb. and v. Sc. Chs. Stf. Lei. Nhp. War. Wor. 
Shr. Glo. Also written tabour Sc. (JAM.) ; and in forms 
tabber Stf. Lei. 1 Nhp. 12 War. 23 w. Wor. 1 s.Wor. 1 se.Wor. 1 
Glo. 1 ; taber Chs. 1 [te'ba(r ; ta'ba(r).] 1. sb. In comb. 




Tabor-and-pipe, obs., a musical instrument consisting of a 
tabor, or tambourine, and a small pipe. 

se.Wor. 1 The tabor was suspended from the leftarm and beaten 
with a small stick held in the right hand ; the pipe held to the 
mouth and fingered with the left hand. 

2. Phr. as hard as a ttibber, very hard. Glo. NORTHALL 
l-'lk. Plir. (1894). 3. A knock, rap, tap. 

w.Wor. Thur corned a tabber at the doore, S. BEAUCHAMP 
Grantley Grange (1874) I. 29. 

4. pi. A beating, drubbing. Cld. QAM.) 5. v. To rap, 
tap lightly ; to drum ; to patter. 

Chs. 1 Stf. You can tabber on a drum, The Chronicle (Oct. 25, 
1901). Lei. 'Theer's rabbits i' this'ool :doon't ye'ear'ema-tabberin ? 
Nhp. 1 How that boy is tabbering the table ; Nhp. 2 , War. 23 
w.Wor. 1 Go you up la the top earner of the coppy, Bill, an' tabber 
a the big oak till I cahls to 'ee. s.Wor. 1 se.Wor. 1 Ef thee 
shuds't want me, come un tabber my winder, look thii. Shr. 1 
Theer's some one taborin" at the brew-'us window ; yo'd'n better 
see who it is be'appen it's one o' the chaps after Sally. Glo. 
Thaay tabbers wi thair vit on the groun, Cheltenham Exam. (Feb. 
ia, 1896) 8; Glo. 1 

Hence Tabberer, sb. (i) one who taps or knocks lightly 
Lei. 1 ; (2) the lesser spotted woodpecker, Dendrocopus 
minor. Lei. SWAINSON Birds (1885) 99. 6. To beat time, 
esp. with fingers and feet in dancing. 

Chs. 1 Shr. 1 ' Did'n'ee 'ave a daince at the Club, Sally ? ' ' No, 
nod o" the Green, the fine folks wun saunterin' alung, clippin' one 
another like a bar'uggin' a dog, I dunna call it daincin", so two 
or three on our chaps tooken the room at Clar's, an 1 then we 
coulden tabor away theer.' 

Hence Taborer, sb. a country dancer. 

Shr. 1 A certain man, who had obtained local celebrity as a 
dancer in a 'country-footing,' was known as 'Jack the Taborer.' 
7. To beat, drub, thrash. Cf. toober. 

Sc. (JAM.), e.Sc., Lth. (it. s.v. Toober). Shr. 1 'E'll tabor 'is 
jacket fur Mm right well, if 'e ketches 'im. Glo. 1 

TABRAGH, sb. Obs. Fif. QAM.) Animal food that is 
nearly in a state of carrion. 

TA-BRIG, see To-brig. 

TABSHAG, sb. Wm. [ta'bfag.] A term of reproach 
for an idle person. 

What's that auld tabshag up lull noo ? (B.K.) 

TACH, v. and sb. Sc. Lakel. Wm. Yks. Lan. Chs. Stf. 
Der. Not. Lin. Rut. Lei. Nhp. War. Cor. Also written 
tatch Sc. QAM.) n.Cy. n.Yks. 4 w.Yks. 4 Lan. 1 e.Lan. 1 
s.Lan. 1 Chs. 13 s.Chs. 1 Lin. 1 n.Lin. 1 Rut. 1 Nhp. 1 ; and in 
form taich Lakel. 2 [tatj, taetf.J 1. v. To drive a nail 
just far enough to give it a slight hold. Abd. (JAM.) 
2. To fasten on in a slight manner ; to join together 
loosely or temporarily ; also with in or together. Cf. 
tack, v? 2. 

Abd. (JAM.) Lakel. 2 Tach us a button wi' ta? e.Yks. 1 , 
w.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 Der. ADDY Gl. (1888) (s.v. Tadgej. 

Hence (i) Tached-end, (2) Tacher's-end, (3) Tachet- 
end, sb. a cobbler's end of waxed thread ; often used for 
the whole thread ; (4) Taching, sb. (a) a slight fastening 
or hold [not known to our correspondents] ; (b) the waxed 
thread used for sewing the sole of a shoe to the upper 
leather ; (5) Taching-end, sb., see (3) ; (6) Taching- 
waxer, sb. a shoemaker ; (7) Tachy, adj. sticky, viscous, 

(i) Lin. STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes (1884) 370; Lin. 1 , n.Lin. 1 
(2) Nhp. 1 (3) se.Lin. (J.T.B.), Rut. 1 (4, <i) Cor. Skilful hands jam it 
[an anchor] tightly in the jagged rocks, for a taching on the 
flukes guarantees dislodgment when we want to quit, Cornh. Mag. 
(Nov. 1900) 629. (b) s.Lan. 1 (5) n.Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. add. 
(P.) w.Yks. 124 Lan. I'll lay thee a grey lapstone, an' a tachin- 
end to boot, ROBY Trad. (1829) II. 207, ed. 1872 ; Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , 
e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 More correctly it means only the ends of 
such threads to which the bristles are attached, after the shoe- 
maker has used them as far as he can, and sometimes the meaning 
is thus restricted. ' Mester Barrow, would yo gie my mother 
tatchin-eends to sew my buttons on wi'?/ Chs. 23 , s.Chs. 1 , Stf. 1 , 
Der. 12 , Not. 1 , Lin. 1 Lei. 1 Every piece of 'tachin-end* used in 
joining has u hog's bristle fixed at each end so as to act like a kind 
of flexible needle. A series of holes is ' stabbed ' with the awl 
through both the leathers to be joined. The workman draws his 
' end ' halfway through the first hole ; he then passes one end of 

it one way through the next hole, and the other end the reverse 
way through the same hole, and so on, drawing the work tight at 
each stitcli. Nhp. 1 , War. 23 (6) Lan. You scamp of a tachin- 
waxer, BRIERI.EY Marlocks (1867) iii. (7) n.Yks. 4 
3. sb. A fringe ; a shoulder-knot. Twd., Slk. (JAM.I 

[2. Cp, Wyth tryed tasselej )>erto tacched in-noghe, 
Gawqyne (c. 1360) 219.] 

TACH, see Tash, v., Tatch, sb. 

TACHE, sb. Yks. [tet/.] A rest used for drilling 
holes, esp. used by silversmiths. 

w.Yks. 2 Fixed in the workbench. It sometimes projects from 
the edge of the bench ; w.Yks. 4 

TACHE, see Tash, v., Teach. 

TACHENER, sb. ? Obs. Sus. A young man em- 
ployed in a fishing-boat. (F.E.S.) ; Brighton Costutnal 
(1580) in Sus. 1 135. See Takener. 

TACHT, adj. Sc. [ta x t.] 1. Tight, tense, close. 
n.Sc. (JAM.), Cai. 1 2. Of persons : strict, severe. Cai. 1 

TACHY, see Tatchy. 

TACK, sb. 1 and v .' Irel. n.Cy. Chs. Stf. Not. Lin. War. 
Won Shr. Hrf. Glo. Oxf. Hrf. Wil. Also written tacke 
N.Cy. 1 [tak, taek.] 1. sb. Obs. Substance, solidity; 
used of the food of animals. Nrf. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. 
(1787) ; GROSE (1790). 2. Fig. Substance, endurance ; 

N.Cy. 1 Chs. 12 ; Chs. 3 There is no tack in such a one. 

3. Hired pasture for horses, cows, &c. ; esp. in phr. out 
to tack, used of animals : put out to pasture. 

War. 23 Wor. Horses or horned cattle will be taken into 
Westwood Park to tack or ley, Berrow's Jnt. (Apr. 1873). 
w.Wor.', se.Wor. 1 , s.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 ' Yo'n got a power o' stock fur 
yore farm, Maister.' ' Aye, I mus* get some out on tack.' Hrf. 
DUNCUMB tit'sl. Hrf. (1804-12) ; Hrf. 12 , Glo. 12 , Wil. 1 

4. Stuff, esp. used of food or drink, gen. in a depreciatory 
sense ; anything of little or no value, or of inferior quality. 

Ker. The foinest tack in the wurld for the kidneys, BARTRAM 
White/leaded Boy (1898) 107. n.Cy. (HALL.) s. Stf. This bread is 
awful tack, PINNOCK Bit. Cy. Ann. (1895). Not. Hard tack 
(J.H.B.). Lin. 1 This is queer tack. War. 23 , se.Wor. 1 s.Wor. 
I didn't waant to thraow the milk an" tack i' the yord (H.K.) ; 
s.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 ' 'Ow dun yore tatoes turn out this time, John ? ' 
' Mighty middlin', thecr inna many, an' whad theer is bin poor 
tack'; Shr. 2 Hrf. 2 It's wretched tack. Glo. 'Twun't hurt 'ee, 'tis 
some good wholesome tack, BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn (1890) vii ; 
Glo. 1 Oxf. He sells some very good tack (G.O.). Wil. 1 [And 
Martilmas beefe doth beare good tack, When countrie folke doe 
dainties lack, TUSSER Hush. (1580) 28.] 

5. Foolish talk. War. 8 , se.Wor. 1 , s.Wor. (H.K.) 8. v. 
To hire pasture for cattle ; to put out animals to graze ; 
gen. with out. 

War. 2 ; War. 4 I moan tack out some of my stock. Wor. 
MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). s.Wor. (H.K.) Shr., Hrf. BOUND 
Provinc. (1876). Hrf. 1 He has tacked out his horses. Oxf. 1 MS. add. 
7. To take animals for pasturage on hire. 

Shr. 1 Mary Cadwallader 'as sent half-a-crown for tackin' the 
donkey, an" wants to know if you'll tack 'im a week or nine days 

TACK, s*. 2 Irel. War. Wor. Shr. Hrf. Glo. Dev. [tak, 
taek.] 1. The tools, implements, or appliances for any 
work or trade ; ' tackle.' 

War. 3 se.Wor. 1 A razor-grinder's machine is his tack; a 
smith's box of tools for shoeing horses is his ' shoeing tack.' 
s.Wor. Cider-making tack (H.K.). Shr. 1 My tacks bin at 
Newport, or I'd soon ketch them rots. n.Dev. Good tack, Horae 
Subsecivae (1777) 425. 

2. Timber at the bottom of a river. Hrf. 1 Hence 
Tacked, ppl. adj. of a fishing-net : caught in the bottom 
of a river, ib. 3. Clothes ; a shred of clothes ; the least 

Ir. There won't be a tack on the boy I bring, for fairy clothes 
aren't lucky, BODKIN Shillelagh (1902) 177. w.Ir. You won't lave 
me a tack to my feet, LOVER Leg. (1848) I. 233. s.Wor. Bring 
my tack yonder (H.K.). 

4. Phr. tack for team, good timber for wagon-making ; 
timber cut ready for mending agricultural implements. 
Hrf. (W.W.S.), Glo. 1 

TACK, sb. 3 Irel. Dur. Cum. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Lin. 
Wor. Shr. Hrf. Glo. Ken. Sus. Also written tak Cum. 

B 2 




n.Yks. 14 w.Yks. ; and in form take n.Yks. 2 [tak, tsek.] 
An unpleasant or strongly-marked flavour. 

N.I. 1 Ant. Butter is said to have a tack when it is rancid, 
Ballymena Obs. (1892). Dur. 1 Cum. 1 This yel hes a tack o' 
t'cask ; Cum. 4 n.Yks. 1 If two articles of food are cooked together, 
and the stronger flavoured one communicates a taste to the other, 
it is said to 'have a tak o' t'ither." n.Yks. 2 It has a queer tack 
wi' 't ; n.Yks. 4 , ne.Yks. 1 e.Yks. 1 It's getten a tack wiv it. 
w.Yks. Theernah, that's summat like ; it's a bitotakwi it, hez that 
(B. K.). Lan. 1 , n.Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 This ale's 
getten a nasty tack in it. Chs. 1 Ale which has been put into 
a musty cask is said to have a tack, or a tack of the cask ; Chs. 3 , 
s.Chs.'jnw.Der. 1 Lin. STREATFEiLDZi'.arf)a (1884) 369; Lin. 1 
n.Lin. SUTTON Wds. (1881). sw.Lin. 1 It had a nasty tack about it. 
w.Wor. 1 The aay'l [ale] 'as a tack a the barrel. Shr. 1 The beer 
'as a bit of a tack on it yet ; Shr. 2 The ale has got a tack o' th" 
barrel. Hrf. 2 , Glo. 1 , Ken. 1 , Sus. 12 

Hence (i) neither tack nor twist, phr. ot meat: flavour- 
less; (2) Takt, ppl. adj. having a marked flavour; gen. 
used of an acid liquid. 

(i) Cum. 4 (2) n.Yks. 1 ; n.Yks. 4 It's a lahtle bit ower takt ti 
null liking. 

TACK, v. z and sb* Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. Also in form teck Cum. 1 4 [tak, task.] 1. v. In 
phr. don't stitch thy seam before thou hast tacked it, look 
before you leap. Chs. 18 2. To fasten ; to hold or keep 
together ; to fix. Cf. tach, 2. 

Sc. (JAM.) Lnk. Jock roosed the auld horse frae his rest, . . 
Syne tacked him snugly tae his cart, ORR Laigh Flichls (1882) 39. 
Edb. Content eneugh gif they hae wherewithal Scrimply to tack 
their body and their saul, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) 183, ed. 1785. 
Cum. Thur ootside parishes at's just teckt on roond t'edges eh 
Cumberlan, SARGISSON Joe Scoap (1881) 89; Cum. 4 , w.Yks. (J.W.) 
Shr., Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). 

Hence (i) Tacked,///, adj. having the tongue fastened by 
a small film ; fig. having an impediment in the speech ; 
' tongue-tied ' ; see Tongue-tacked, s.v. Tongue, 1 (27) ; 
(2) Tacker, sb. a shoemaker's waxed thread ; (3) Tacker- 
grass,s.the knot-grass, Polygonumaviculare; (4) Tacking, 
(5) Tacking-end, sb., see (2). 

(i) Sc. (JAM.) Ayr. When their tongues are tacked, and speak 
nothing, DICKSON Writings (1660) I. 148, ed. 1845. Edb - Their 
tongues began at length not to be so tacked, MOIR Mansie Wauch 
(1828) ii. (2) Dor. HAYNES Voc. (c. 1730) in N. & Q. (1883) 6th 
S. viii. 45 ; Dor. 1 Som. 'Tis zaw cawld, I can't work wi' tha 
lacker at all, JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825) 179. w.Som. 1 
Dev. This here stuff's so tough as ever was a lacker, Reports 
Provinc. (1882). (3) w.Som. 1 From its likeness to a ' lacker,' or 
shoemaker's wax-end. Dev. 4 (4) Der. 2 (5) Not. (J.H.B.) 

3. To nail. 

Elg. The coffin, stout, strong, an' weel tackit, Wi' plenty o' 
room, TESTER Poems (1865) 134. [Amer. The roof, half a dozen 
pigeons cooin' on one end, an' her on the other tackin' away, 
LLOYD Chronic Loafer (1901) 47.] 

4. sb. A stitch. 

Sc. (A.W.) Cum. 1 A teck i' time seavvs nine ; Cum. 4 

5. A slight hold or fastening ; that which holds or fastens. 
Sc. It hings by a tack (JAM.). 

6. Obs. The membrane which attaches the tongue to the 
under-part of the mouth. 

Slg. The sight of the father's danger brake the lack of a son's 
tongue who was tongue-lacked from Ihe birth, WODROW Soc. Sel. 
Biog. (ed. 1845-7) I- 247. 

7. A shelf; a mantelpiece ; a bacon-rack. See Clavel- 
tack, s.v. Clavel, 2 (4). 

Hmp.i Up on th' tack. Wil. 1 Chimney-tack. How many tacks 
are there in Ihe pantry? Dor. HAYNES Voc. (c. 1730) in N. & Q. 
(1883) 6th S. viii. 45; Dor. 1 Pliates an' dishes up 'pon tack, 219. 
Som. Cheese-tacks (W.F.R.). e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). Dev. 
MOORE Hist. Dev. (1829) 1. 355. n.Dev. Till un a traunchard vrom 
lha tack, ROCK Jim an' AW (1867) st. 18. 

8. The handle of a scythe. 

e.An. 1 Nrf. All the gang was there, some on 'em fitting new 
sticks to the scythes, some on 'em putting in tacks, EMERSON Son 
of Fens (1892) 131. 

9. A coal-mining term : a small prop ot coal sometimes 
left in ' kerving ' ; a 'gird ' to support it until the ' kerving ' 
is finished. Nhb. 1 Nhb., Dur. GREENWELL Coal Tr. Gl. 
(1849). 10. A path ; a causeway, Sus. HOLLOWAY; Sus. 1 

11. A time, season, spell, as of weather. 

Sc. We had experienced a long tack of wet weather, WRIGHT 
Laird Nicoll (28th ed.) 38. Ayr. We had a lang tack of very wat 
weather, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 138. Dmf. Frae sun-rise 
lo sun-set's a dreigh tack o' care, CROMEK Remains (1810) 50. 

12. A manoeuvre ; an evasion ; an expedient. 

Edb. Your nephew . . . canna be up to sae mony shifts an' tacks 
as you, BALLANTINE Deanhangh (1869) 117. 

13. Phr. (i) to keep dose tack to a person, to keep close 
behind him ; (2) upon some tack, in some way or another. 

(i) Don. Billy started ... off in the direction of the spot, . . the 
goal, as he well expected, keeping close tack till him, Cent. Mag. 
(Feb. 1900) 605. (a) Lan. Hoo'd getten him upo' some tack, 
CLEGG Sketches (1895) 2. 

[1. Takkyn, or some what sowyn to-gedur, sutulo, con- 
sutulo, consuo (Prompt.}.} 

TACK, v? and sb* Wor. Som. Dev. Cor. [task.] 

1. v. To strike with the open hand ; to slap ; to beat. 
s.Wor. A'll tack 'ee, 'ee young 'ound (H.K.). w.Cy. (HALL.) 

w.Som. 1 Tommy ! come in Ihis minute, or I'll tack your bottom 
vor 'ee, I will ! n.Dev. Chell tack et out wi' tha, Exm. Scold. 
(1746)1.18. nw.Dev. 1 , Cor. 12 

2. To clap the hands. 

w.Cy. GROSE (1790) Suppl. Dev. They little bits of pigsies a- 
laughing and a-tacking their hands for joy, TOZER Poems (1873) 
77 ; Dev. 1 A laugh'd and tack'd her hands at en, 7. nw.Dev. 1 
Cor. The piskies testify their joy by tacking their hands, BRAND 
Pop. Antiq. (1813) III. 44, ed. 1870 ; Cor. 1 'Tackhands' is to slap 
hands by way of approval ; Cor. 2 

3. To pat; to smooth down. 

nw.Dev. 1 Idn a a booly ? Kom an' tack'n down, my dear. 

4. sb. A slap. 

w.Cy. (HALL.) Dev. I'll gie thee a glide tack ef thee du'lh that 
again, HEWEIT Peas. Sp. (1892); Dev. 1 n.Dev. Wi' that Jones 
gied hissel a tack, ROCK Jim an' Nell (1867) St. 114. Cor. N. & Q. 
(1854) ist S. x. 440 ; Cor. 1 

TACK, v.* and sb. B Wm. Not. I.W. Amer. [tak, 
task.] 1. v. An aphetic form of ' attack.' 

Wm. When it comes to 'tackin' ma puir Wullie, I canna thole 
it, OLLIVANT Owd Bob (1898) vii. I.W. 1 [Amer. (C.D.)] 
2. sb. An attack. 

Not. Tant warn't no willing parly lo Ihe 'tack on your house, 
PRIOR Forest Flk. (1901) 288. 

TACK, v. 5 Dev. [task.] To trim a hedge. See 
Hedge-tacker, s.v. Hedge, 1 (46). 

Lei un go back lo his job, which was hedge tacking, PHILLPOTTS 
Sons of Morning (1900) 16; Her eyebrows was so ragged as a 
hedge as wants tackin', ib. Striking Hours (1901) 158. 

[MDu. tacken, to hew, lop (HEXHAM).] 

TACK, TACKAD, see Take, Tacket, sb. 1 

TACKED, ppl. adj. Cor. Beaten ; brought to a stop 
through exhaustion. 

I baant tacked yet, but tes oncommon hilly, TREGELLAS Character 
(1868) 84 ; Cor. 3 A horse, an engine, or a man is said lo be lacked, 
i.e. cannol complete ils lask Ihrough exhauslion. ' I'm mosl 

TACKER, sk 1 Dev. Cor. [tae-ka(r).] Something that 
one cannot get over ; a ' clincher ' ; a great lie ; also in pi. 

Dev. Horae Subsedvae (1777) 425. Cor. 3 'That's your lackers, 
old boy,' meaning ' I have set you an example which I know you 
cannot imitale.' ' That's a lacker for you.' 

TACKER, sb? Dev. Cor. and Amer. [taj-ka(r).] A 
small child, esp. a small boy. Cf. tacket, sb? 

Dev. Ever since I .was a little lacker, Reports Provinc. (1885). 
nw.Dev. 1 Cor. I was a liny lacker then, 'Q.' Troy Town (i 

xi. [Amer. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 76.] 

TACKES, v. Obs. Ess. To mend apparel. Monthly 
Mag. (1814) I. 498 ; Gl. (1851) ; Ess. 1 

TACKET, sb. 1 and v. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Yks. Also 
written tackit Sc. ; and in form tackad Cai. 1 [ta'kit] 
1. sb. A small, broad-headed nail, esp. used for boots 
and shoes ; a tin-tack. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; Thick boots boots studded with lackels, KEITH 
Prue (1895) 144. ne.Sc. Shoe a horse, ca'a nail, Ca' a lackit in's 
tail, GRECOR Fl/t-Lore (1881) 16. Cai. 1 Per. Botchin' an' borin', 
and drivin' shoe tackets, STEWART Character (1857) 73. Rnf. 
Though our employer many a way May have his mind distracket 
. . . We do not care a lackel, M c GiLVRAY Poems (ed. 1862) 328. 
Ayr. Rusty aim laps and jinglin jackets, Wad baud the Lothians 




three in tackels, A towmont glide, BURNS Captain Grose (1789)31. 
6. Twd. The tackets o' his boots maun hae slithered on the stane, 
BUCIIAN Weathtr (1899*1 199. Gall. MACTAUGART Encycl. (1834)4, 
cd. 1876. N.Cy. 1 Nhb. Tackets To cobble their canny pit shoon, 
ALLAN Tyneside Sng s. (1891) 108. Dur. 1 , Cum.*, n.Yks. 14 , ne.Yks. 1 

Hence (i) Tacket-boot, sb. a hobnailed boot; (2) 
maker, sb. a maker of hobnails ; (3) -soled, (4) Tackety, 
adj. hobnailed ; filled with ' tackets ' ; (5) Tackety-shoed, 
adj. wearing hobnailed shoes. 

(i) Sc. Wearing his strongest tacket boots, KEITH Bonnie Lady 
(1897) 171. (a) ne.Sc. The airmy cobblers can hardly keep the 
sodgers' soles frae the grim 1 , an' the tackit-mackers, workin' nicht 
an' day, can barely supply the demand for tackits, GRAtnKeckleton, 
63. Lnk. Such [women] . . . ought only to be matched with 
tacket-makers, tree trimmers, and male taylors, GRAHAM Writings 
(1883) II. 148. (3) Sc. He envied the tacket-soled boots that gave 
his quarry the advantage, KEITH Indian Uncle (1896) 274. (4) 
Sc. (JAM.) ne.Sc. The toes of his big tackety boots, GORDON 
Northward Ho (1694) 179. Bnff. 1 Abd.Tak' aff yertacketie beets 
at ance, ALEXANDER Ain Flk. (1882) 25. Frf. My feet enclosed in 
stout ' tackety ' boots, BARRIE Lie/it (1888) i. e.Fif. The neb o' 
Andra's tackety shoe, LATTO Tarn Bodkin (1864) ix. Ayr. 
Clattering through the paved yard in his tacketty boots, DOUGLAS 
Green Shutters (1901) 298. Kcb. I had my tacketty boots on, MUIR 
Mttncraig (1900) 104. Nhb. 1 (5) Fif. Merry, chubby-faced, 
tackety-shoed jockies, PRYDE Queer Flk. (1897) 244. 
2. The penis. n.Cy. (HALL.) 3. v. To drive ' tackets' 
into boots or shoes ; to fasten with ' tackets.' 

Sc. (JAM.), Bnff. 1 e.Sc. Thick-soled blucher boots tackctcd for 
rough roads, SETOUN R. Urquhart (1896) i. 

[1. Tacket, clauulus, LEVINS Manip. (1570).] 

TACKET, sb.* Sc. [ta'kit] A restless, unruly boy. 
Ct. tacker, sb? 

Are you Adam Gordon, . . the little tacket whose broken bones 
I used to have the pleasure of setting? KEITH Indian Uncle 
(1896) 258. 

TACKIE,s6. Bnff'. 1 [ta'ki.] 1. A game; see below. 

A game in which one is appointed to pursue and catch the 
others. Often played in the stack-yard, and it is then commonly 
called ' tackle amo' the rucks.' 
2. The pursuer in the game of ' tackie.' 

TACKLE, sb. 1 and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Ircl. and Eng. 
Also written tackel Lan. ; and in form tayckle Cor. 
[ta'ki, tavkl.] 1. sb. Gear ; implements, esp. agricul- 
tural implements ; machinery ; harness. See Tackling. 

Sc. (A.W.) w.Yks. He's o sooarts o tackle abeawt him fur his job 
(D.L.). s.Lan. 1 s.Stf. He'd got his talkin tackle on, PINNOCK B/*. Cy. 
Ann. (1895). Not. (L.C.M.),Der. 2 Nhp. 1 When any one is going to 
repair an article, it is commonly asked, ' Have you got your tackle 
ready? ' Wor. The Squire found the cricket tackle for us (E.S.). 
Oxf. 1 , n.Bck. (A.C.), Sur. 1 , Sus. 1 Hmp. 1 Cart-tackle; plough- 
tackle. Wil. 1 n.Wil. He never brought his tackle wi' 'un (E.H.G.). 
Dor. Wonderful tackle our hands do be, zure now ! C. HARE Vill. 
Street (1895) 26. w.Som. 1 , Dev. 1 Cor. Maybe you'd like to see 
.my tayckle, what I work with, LEE Paul Carah (1898) 51. 

2. Food or drink, esp. drink ; food for cattle ; stuff or 
material of any kind. 

Lan. Th' lay itsel wurgradely tackel too, FERGUSON Moudywarp, 
19. s.Lan. 1 Oxf. 1 What tackle d'ee call this ? Brks. 1 That ther 
be precious good tackle. Sur. 1 Sus. 1 1 calls this here claret wine 
about the poorest tackle ever I taastcd. Hmp. 1 This be capital 
tackle. I.W. 2 ' D'ye call this treyad beer, you ? ' ' Well, et goos 
vor't, mayet, but 'tis darned rum tackle to my mind.' Wil. 1 Haven't 
'ec got any gingham tackle? JEFFERIES Gt. Estate (1880) iv; Thaay 
[the sheep] be goin' into th' Mash to-morrow. . . We be got shart 
o' keep. . . Thur's a main sight o' tackle in the Mash vor urn, ib. 
Greene Feme Farm (1880) v. w.Som. 1 Nif this idn rare tackle, 
missus ; I zim do drink moorish. Dev. Exm. Scold. (1746) Gl., ed. 
1778. nw.Der. 1 

3. v. To catch with fishing-tackle. 

Sc. A fouth o' spotted trout Whilk we had tackled weel, NICOLL 
Poems (ed. 1843) 2 54- 

4. To repair, mend ; gen. with up. 

c.Lan. 1 Oxf. 1 I can't tackle up this old ship's trough. Hmp. 1 
We can easy tackle-un-up. 

5. To equip. Lan. DAVIES Races (1856) 239. 6. To 
attack ; to punish. 

Lnk. I'm wac that Brown shou'd ha'e tack'lt ye sae, HAMILTON 
Poems (1865) 202, ed. 1885. Nhb. He began tacklin' releegion, 

PEASE Mark o the Deil (1894) 125. Lan. I wish't awd ne'er bin 
tackelt bi ovvt woss then a goose i' mi coortin" days, FERGUSON 
Moudytvarp's Visit, 16. Dev. I.ilkcc, zee ycr, Ted, I'll tackle thec 
tu-tha-truth-ov-music bimbyc, zee ef I dawn't, HEWETT Peas. Sp 

7. To bring to account ; to take to task. 

Sc. (A.W.) w.Wor. He's bin a-tacklin' on him, S. BEAUCHAMP 
Grantley (1874) I. 197. w.Som. 1 So soon's I yeard o' it, I went 
and tackled-n about it. nw.Dev. 1 

8. To accost. Sc. (A.W.), Nhb. 1 9. With to : to set to 
work heartily at. 

Sc. (A.W.) Lan. Tackle to't reel while yo're yung, Cy. Wds. 
No. 17, 262. 
10. With with : to grapple with. 

n.Yks. Ah tackled wP t'badger. Ah tackled wi' t'work (I.W.). 

TACKLE, sb. 2 N.I. 1 [ta'ki.] A quick and rather 
troublesome child. 

TACKLE, sb* Obs. Sc. Also in form teckle. An arrow. 

The swallow-tails frae teckles flew, HERD Coll. Sags. (1776) I. 
53 ; The swallow taill frae tackles flew, SCOTT Minstrelsy (1802) 
I. 162, ed. 1806. 

TACKLER, .s. Lan. [ta'kla(r).] An overlooker in 
a weaving-shed. 

For tackier Tom con stond it o', RAMSBOTTOM Phases of Distress 
(1864) 34 ; Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 

TACKLING, sb. Yks. Som. Dev. fta'klin, tavklin.] 

1. Materials for making a fire. Sec Tackle, s6.' 
w.Yks. 5 Wi' tuh gehr ust' tackling thergether lad when tubs 

gotten thee supper? 27. 

2. Food or drink. 

w.Som. 1 n. Dev. Whan tha com'st to good tackling, Exm. 
Scold. (1746) I. n. 

3. Deeds, documents, &c. 

w.Yks. 3 Well, he's got the tacklin' on it no doubt, somewhere 
laid by. 

TACKNE, sb. Sh.I. Also in form taikne QAM.). An 
old ridiculous person. (JAM.), S. & Ork. 1 

TACKY, adj. Ire!. Not. Glo. and Amer. [ta'ki, tarki.] 
Sticky, as varnish or glue before it is quite hardened. 
N.I. 1 , Not. 1 , Glo. 1 [Amer. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 394.] 

TACKY-LACKY, sb. Som. Dev. [tae'ki-laeki.] A 
drudge ; a person at every one's beck and call. 

w.Som. Poor maid, her's tacky-lacky to all the tother sarvunts, 
Athenaeum (Feb. 26, 1898). Dev. ' 'Owminny zarvintsdu Passen 
Wadow kep ? ' ' There's Bill Swam tha coachman, Dick Ley the 
grflme, and George Urdood tha tackylacky, and til or dree more 
besides,' HEWETT Peas. Sp. (1892). 

TACT, v. s.Chs. 1 [takt.] ? A corrupt form of ' attack.' 

I tacted two women off Willeymoor abowt theise politics, bu' 
they gen me a pratty nointin', afore they'd done wi' me. 

TAD, si. 1 Som. Dev. [taed.] A quantity; a burden, 
load. See Tod, sb* 4. 

Dev. Farmer coming in with a very heavy load of hay, said, 
' I've a-got a middlin' tad here, sure 'nough,' Reports Provinc. 

Hence Taddick, sb. a small quantity of anything ; a 
measure, &c. partly filled. 

w.Som. 1 ' 'Ton't take long to put up thick bit of a taddick,' a man 
said of a very small rick of hay. ' "Tidn boo half loads, they 
taddicks what he do draw,' another man said of the work done by 
a hired cart. 

TAD, sb. 3 Yks. Lin. e.An. Also in form tod Yks. Lin. 
[tad ; tod.] 1. Dung, manure. Cf. tath(e. 

n.Yks. (T.S. ) Lin. Goose tod, cow tod, STREATFEILD Lin. and 
Danes (1884) 372. n.Lin. N. &> Q. (1852) ist S. v. 376 ; n.Lln. 1 , 
e.Cy. (HALL.) Nrf. MILLER & SKERTCHLY Finland (1878) iv; 
Arch. (1879) III. 174. 
2. Fig. A person of little use or account. 

n.Yks. ' He's gitten a tod for tuppence,' he has married a woman 
of little use(T.S.). 

[Norw. dial, tad, manure (AASEN).] 

TAD, sb. 3 s-Chs. 1 [tad.] In phr. on the tad, (i) in 
unstable equilibrium; (2) on the point of ; (3) ready to start. 

(i) A thing is said to be ' o' the tad ' when just about to topple 
over. (2) Just upu)th taad-u)th foa-ks gdo'in voa-t = on the eve 
of the polling-day. (3) Ah'm just upo' the tad el may start 
any moment. 

TAD, see Tat, dem. adj., Toad, Tod(d. 




TADAGO-PIE, sb. Obs. Cor. Also written taddago 
pie Cor. 2 A pie made of prematurely born pigs ; see below. 

The devil of a pye out of Cornvval, made of stratted pigs, i.e. 
of young pigs, whereof a sow has miscarried. For tadaliv'd, 
tadago'd, i.e. had it liv'd (or been born alive), it w d have gone 
upon its legs, Home Sttbsecivae (1777) 425 ; Cor. 12 

TADDLE, v. Shr. 1 Jta'dl.] To pay minute attention 
to ; to be very tender with ; to feed carefully, as of a sick 
person or delicate young animal. Cf. tiddle, i'. 1 

After the Doctor 'ad left 'er, I taddled wi' 'er, an' gi'ed 'er some 
craine an' waiter. 

TADDLE, see Toddle. 

TADDLE-COCK, sb. Nhp. 1 [ta'dl-kok.] One of the 
small cocks into which hay is put to protect it from dew 
or rain, before the haymakers finish their day's work. 

TADDY, sb. Sc. [ta'di.] A certain kind of snuff, so 
called from the name of its maker ; also used in comp. 

Sc. Irish blackguard and taddy snuff mixed, WRIGHT Sc. Life 
,1897)5. w.Sc. Loading his left nostril with a powerful charge 
of Taddy, MACDONALD Settlement (1869) 133, ed. 1877. Lnk. 
Some tea to the auld folk, tobacco or taddy, NICHOLSON Idylls 

TADDY, adj. 1 Won [tae'di.] Pot-bellied. s.Wor. 
(H.K.), s.Wor. 1 

TADDY, adj. 2 Irel. [ta'di.] Untidy ; tossed about. 

Uls. There taddy beads is ill to red (M.B.-S.). 

TADE, see Take, Toad. 

TADGE, v. 1 Not. 3 [tadg.] To scrape along; to get 
along with difficulty. Cf. todge, v. 

TADGE, v? w.Yks. 2 [tadz.] To stitch lightly together. 
Also used Jig. ; see below. Cf. tadgel. 

A newly-married couple are said to be tadged. 

TADGEL, v. Stf. 1 [ta'dzl.] To tie ; fig. to be married. 
Cf. tadge, v? 

TADGER, sb. n.Lin. 1 [ta'dga(r).] The centre marble 
in a game at marbles. 

TADGY, sb. Not. [ta^i.] The hedge-sparrow, 
Accentor modularis. s.Not. It's on'y a tadgy's ness (J.P.K.). 

TADLY-OODLY, adj. Cor. Tipsy. HAMMOND Cor. 
Parish (1897) 341 ; Cor. 2 

TAEK, TAET, see Thack, v.\ Tait, sb. 1 

TAFF, sb. Obs. Sc. Turf. 

s.Sc. The wish that I hae lang nourished, to see the auld taff o' 
the kirk-yard cover the moil that keeps ye frae the sicht o' her ye 
hae ruined, WILSON Talcs (1836) II. 45. 

Hence Taff-dyke, sb. a fence made of turf. 

Gall. I foun' mysell soberin, sat down on a taff dyke, and took 
a look o' the lift, MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824) 158, ed. 1876. 

TAFF, TAFFATY, see Taft, Taffety, adj. 

TAFFEL, sb. Sc. Also written taffil Abd. ; and in 
form taifle n.Sc. (JAM.) [ta'fl ; te'fl.] A small table. 

n.Sc. (JAM.) Abd. There was a four-nooked taffil in manner of 
an altar standing within the kirk, SPALDING Hist. Sc. (1792) I. 23. 
Per. An old person said, ' Bring in owre the taffel, an' put some- 
thing on't for him to eat ; an' mak haste, lassie' (G.W.). 

[The same word as OE. tcefl (fr. Lat. tabula), a chess- 
board (B.T.).] 

TAFFEREL, adj. Obs. Sc. 1. Thoughtless, giddy. 

Slk. Bessy Chisholm Heh ! are ye therein? May Chisholm 
where's your titty ? Poor tafferel ruined tawpies ! HOGG 
Perils of Man (1822) III. 202 (JAM.). 

2. Ill-dressed, ib. (JAM.) 

TAFFETY, sb. Wil. A toad ; see below. 

This use of the word has been noted once or twice at Salisbury 
by a correspondent, but we can learn nothing more about it 

TAFFETY, adj. Ken. Sur. Sus. Hmp. I.W. Wil. Dor. 
Som. Dev. Also written taffaty Sur. ; taffetty I.W. 1 ; 
and in form tafferty Sus. [tae'fati.] 1. Dainty, fastidious, 
particular ; affected ; esp. as regards food. 

Ken. (F.E.), Ken. 1 , s.Sur. (T.T.C.), Sus. (F.E.) w.Sus. He 
cannot eat that, he is such a tafferty man (G.A.W.). Hmp. 
I suppose you can eat cold pie, Jessie, . . taffety as you've been 
bred, GRAY Heart of Storm (1891) I. 241; Hmp. 1 , I.W. 1 , Wil. 1 
Dor. He's so taffety, he won't eat what others will (C.V.G.) ; 
Dor. 1 Som. SWEETMAN Wincanton Gl. (1885). e.Som. W. & J. 

Gl. (1873). w.Soin. 1 I never can't abear thick sort o' pigs, they 
be so ter'ble taffety; they'd starve to death 'pon the mail I gees 
mine. Dev. Reports Provinc. (1889); I niver did zee nobody zo 
taffety as yu be ; yU can't ayte nort like nobody else, HEWETT 
Peas. Sp. (1892). n.Dev. An' taffety dildrums in es talk, ROCK 
Jim an' Nell (1867) st. 86. 
2. Tender, delicate. 

Hmp. I could eat a taffety chicken (T.L.O.D.). 

TAFFIAT, sb. Obs. Chs. 8 Also in form tafia. Sugar 
and brandy made into cakes. 

TAFFLE, v. and sb. Sc. Cum. Yks. Lan. Not. Lin. 
Nhp. Dor. Som. Dev. [ta-fl, tae'fl.] 1. v. To ravel, en- 
tangle ; to ruffle. See Tifle. 

Dmf. Her hair's a' taffled what o' that ? WALLACE Schoolmaster 
(1899) 370. e.Yks. 1 , n.Lan. 1 Lin. STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes 
(1884)369; Lin. 1 My kite band has got taffled. n.Lin. SUTTON 
Wds. (1881) ; n.Lin. 1 sw.Lin. 1 The rope was in such a taffled 
state. Dor. Gl. (1851). w.Sora. 1 That skein's all taffled up so, 
I never sha'n't undo it. Dev. Then es vlies ed taffle in the trees, 
PULMAN Sketches (1842) 60. 

2. Without: to untwist ; to become unwoven at the end ; 
used of cloth, &c. e.Yks. 1 Hence Tafflings, sb. pi. the 
bits of thread which come off a woven fabric when cut. 

Lin. STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes (1884) 369. n.Lin. Pick them 
tafflin's up ofTn th' carpit (M.P.) ; n.Lin. 1 

3. To throw into disorder ; to beat down crops, grass, c. 
Cum. 1 ; Cum. 4 Crops looked well, but wheat is a good deal 

taffelt in some places with the wet and cross winds. Dor. 
BARNES Gl. (1863). 

4. To move aimlessly. 

Cum. 4 Taffling with his hands amongst the chaff. 

5. Fig. To perplex, tire, wear out, exhaust with fatigue. 
Fif. (JAM.), 
idle, loiter. 

urn. 14 , Dor. (W.C. c. 1750). 6. To trifle, 

Not. 3 Nhp. 1 My servant goes taffling about and don't get on 
with her work. 

7. sb. Anything tangled or confused ; a tangle. 

n-Lin. 1 Th' cat maade all th' silk e' sich 'n a taffle, I was a 
nooer, if I was minnit, afoore I could get it reightled. Fo'st he 
said, an' then she said, an' then the'r lawyers hed each on 'em a 
wo'd or two a peace, till it got to be sich 'n a real taffle I seem'd 
to knaw a deal less then when we started. 

8. The aimless movement of light matter ; a slight move- 
ment on water. Cum. (H.W.), Cum. 4 

TAFFY, sb. Cum. Wil. [ta'fi, tae'fi.] A weak-minded, 
thoughtless, irresolute person ; a simpleton ; also in comp. 
Taffy-horn, -noddles, -noodle, -watty. 

Cum. 1 ; Cum. 4 In siv. Taffy describes the character rather than 
the individual. n.Wil. (G.E.D.) ' 

TAFIA, see Taffiat. 

TAFT, sb. Sh.I. I.Ma. Also in form taff I.Ma. [taft] 
The thwart of a boat. See Thoft. 

Sh.I. Strik rouwin faider frae his taft, BURGESS Rasmie (1892) 
58; S. & Ork. 1 I.Ma. Sortin them out on the taff, BROWN 
Doctor (188^ 18. 

[Dan. tofte, a thwart (LARSEN).] 

TAFT, TAFTEN, see Toft, Toftin. 

TAG, sb. 1 and v. 1 Sc. Cum. Yks. Lan. Lin. Nhp. Wor. 
Shr. GIo. Brks. Bdf. Hrt. e.An. s.Cy. Sus. Hmp. Cor. 
Amer. Also written tagg Glo. [tag, taeg.] 1. sb. Any 
small object hanging loosely from a larger one ; a tip ; a tail. 

w.Sc. ' There's a tag o' clay hingin' at your coat.' Always 
applied to something disagreeable and dirty (JAM.). Cld. That's 
a gude tag, as the coo said o' its tail (it.'). ne.Lan. 1 The end of a 
fox's tail. 

2. The white hair on the point of the tail of a cow or an 
ox. Mry. (JAM.) Hence Taggie, Taigie, Teagie, or 
Tygie, sb. a cow having a white-tipped tail. 

Sc. Had taggie by the tail, says the proverb, ne'er quat certainty 
for hope, Magopico (ed. 1836) 25. Mry., w.Sc. (JAM.) Fif. An 
whare was Rob an' Peggy For a' the search they had, But i' the 
byre 'side Teagie, Like lovin' lass an" lad ? DOUGLAS Poems 
(1806) 124. 

3. The tail-end of a rump of beef. Cor. 12 4. The 
twisted and pointed end of a lock of wool as it is shorn 
from the fleece. 

Shr. 1 Dunna g&6 so avenless about that 661, snip the end off the 
tag, an' toze it well as the grace can get among it. 




5. A small piece of material, hanging from a piece en- 
closed in paper to serve as a pattern. w.Yks. (R.II.R.) 

6. Obs. A disease in sheep : see below. 

Lth. A disease, aftecting the tail, has been denominated Tag. 
It consists of scabs and sores, situated on the under side of the tail, 
arising, in warm weather, from its being fouled in purging, Essays 
High!. Soc. III. 434 (JAM. . 

7. The low rabble ; also used attrib. 

e.Lth. Riff-raff rogues, whase victims were . . . To such tag 
knaves . . . superior, MUCKLEBACKIT Rhymes (1885) 7. Nhp. 1 , 
e.An. 1 

8. A wild, romping girl. 

w.Yks. 2 He's two daughters, and they're regular tags. 

9. Comb, (i) Tag and rag, the whole of anything, every 
bit ; (2) -lock, a small canal, or extended lock, cut for the 
purpose of connecting two navigable portions of the river 
Calder, between Elland and Brighouse ; (3) -mag, the 
dung which adheres to a cow's hind quarters ; (4) -rag, (a) 
a mean person ; a vagabond ; a low rabble ; also used 
attrib. ; (b) rubbish ; oad workmanship ; (5) -rag-day, 
May 141)1, when servants leave their places ; (6) -ragly, 
good-for-nothing; (7) -wool, the long foul 'tags' of wool 
on sheep. 

(i) Abd. (JAM.) (2) w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Suppl. [Oct. 22, 1898). 
(3) w.Yks. A woman at Barnsley complained to a solicitor that 
another woman had called her 'an old tag- mag,' and when asked 
to explain the word did so as above (S.O.A.). (4, a) Cum. 4 
Nhp. 1 There were plenty of tag-rag at the fair. Wor. 'E'd -sunner 
goo a arbourin' uth anny tag-rag, nar a'd goo alung ovannybuddy 
as is respectable (H.K.). Cor. ' Here are father's company," 
cried out Tom ; . . ' and what a tag-rag party ! ' Blackiv. Mag. (Feb. 
1862) 163. (b) w.Yks. 2 (5) Lin. (J.C.W.) (6) n.Lln. Sich a 
tagragly crew they is (M.P.). (7) Glo. Home Sitbsecivae (1777) 
426 ; Glo. 1 

10. v. To add something to the end of an object. 
Brks. 1 If us tags on a bit to the ind o' that ther rawpe a 'ooll 

rache as vur as us wants un to 't. 

11. pass. To have the lower end or point of the tail white. 
Mry. (JAM.) Ayr. If the lower part of her tail was white she 

was said to be tagged, Agric. Surv. 425 (16.). Lth. (JAM.) Rxb. 
Her little tail wi' white was taggit, RUICKBIE Wayside Cottager 
(1807) 178. 

12. To smear; to saturate with mud, rain, &c. ; esp. used 
of dirtying the bottom of a skirt. Cf. taggle, 2. 

Nhp. 1 Glo. Well tagged with smut powder, MARSHALL Review 
(1818) II. 454. Bdf. I've tagged the tail of my gown (J.W.B.). 

13. Obs. Of a sheep : to cut away the dirty locks of wool 
from about the tail. 

Hrt. ELLIS Shep, Guide (1750). s.Cy. (HALL.) Hmp. HOLLOW AY. 

14. With after : to follow closely ; to follow at the heels of. 
Gall. ' Wha has coupit the boy-hoose [school] ? ' he would say, 

as a whole village green came tagging after him and his donkey, 
CROCKETT Kit Kennedy (1899) viii. Lan. (F.R.C.) Nhp. 1 The 
children are always tagging after her. e.An. 1 He is always tagging 
after her. Sus., Hmp. HOLLOWAY. [Amer. It don't convene to 
one of our free and enlightened citizens, to tag after any man, 
that's a fact, SAM SLICK Clockmaker (1836) ist S. xxix.] 
16. To carry on the back. Lin. (J.C.W.) 

TAG, sb. 2 and v? Sc. Yks. Lin. [tag.] 1. sb. Any- 
thing used for tying or binding ; a strap, thong, or piece 
of leather; esp. the strap of a shoe. 

Sc. Scoticisms (1787) 90. Frf. He wore tags of yarn round his 
trousers beneath the knee, BARRIE Licit! (1888) ii. Per. He . . . 
left behind ... in Girzie's tiger claws Lumps o' his lugs, like tags 
of tawse, SPENCE Poems (1898) 198. 
2: A long, thin slice ; a piece. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; I wish it may come through you like tags o' skate, 
HENDERSON Prov. (1832) 19, ed. 1881. Sh.I. Shu tried hir best ta 
peel a tag o' hard skate fir ta denner, Sh. News (Mar. 9, 1901). 
3. A schoolmaster's 'tawse.' 

Sc, When any unusual disturbance tpok place, the master threw 
the ' tag' a piece of a gig trace burnt at the end to make it hard 
at the offender, Cornh. Mag. (Aug. 1861) 224. n.Sc. Punish- 
ment on the hands with the tag a piece of old hard leather, cut 
into two or three thongs or tails, or of new supple leather, cut into 
five or six narrow thongs which were knotted, GREGOR Olden 
Time, 53. Bnff. 1 Abd. Gin the maisterwud lay on the tag twice 
as weel, it wud be fat he's sair needin', ALEXANDER Ain Flk. 
(1882)89; (A.W.) 

4. A small portion of a horse's mane gathered together 
and plaited into a cord. 

Lin. STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes (1884) 369. n-Lin. 1 The will 
of John Slcyght, of Santon, in the parish of Applcby, made in 
1551, contains a bequest of ' One blak tagged kowe." The animal 
had probably some of its long hair pleated into tags. 

5. A twist of long grass or rushes. n.Yks. 14 0. v. Obs. 
To tie, bind, fasten. 

Sc. (JAM.) n.Sc. A custom which still prevails in fairs or 
markets. Young people sometimes amuse themselves by stitching 
together the clothes of those who arc standing close to each other ; 
so that when they wish to go away they find themselves confined. 
This they call tagging their tails ( i'6.). Flf. Hands of unhallow't 
men out-draggit Pai's velvet-cods wi' silver taggit, TENNANT 
Papistry (1827) an. 

7. To beat with a ' tawse.' BnfF. 1 8. To beat with wisps 
of long grass or rushes. 

n.Yks.' In former days when a considerable number of moweis 
or shearers chanced to be working together in the same harvest 
field, one of the men was not unlikely to be desired by his fellows 
to wet that is to kiss some young woman or other, either on 
the ground of some jesting sarcasm or reflection on their power of 
working, or for some other reason. If he demurred about doing 
as he was bid, or did it but not to the satisfaction of the others, 
the penalty was to tag him, or belabour him with twisted wisps of 
long grass ; n.Yks. 4 

TAG, v. 3 and sb? Nhp. Glo. Oxf. Wil. Dev. Amer. 
[tag, taeg.] 1. v. To drag, tramp ; to walk with difficulty ; 
gen. with about, along, or around. 

Glo. 1 , Wil. (G.E.D.) Dev. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (M.) nw.Dev. 1 
I've bin taggin' about all day. He waz taggin' alung zo well's a 
could. [Amer. Yer paw's al'ays bein' a goin' somewhere ever 
since I knowed him, an' I've al'ays had to tag along, Cent. Mag. 
(May 1902) 129.] 

Hence (i) Tagging, ppl. adj. tiring, tiresome; (a) 
Tagster, sb. a vagabond ; a scold ; a virago. 

(l) nw.Dev. 1 A tagging job. (2) Dev. Horae Subsecivae (1777) 
426 ; She's a regular tagster, Reports Provinc. (1885); Dev.' 
2. sb. The second of two persons dragging a cart, pushing 
a barrow, &c. ;gen. in phr. to pull tag. 

Nhp. 12 Oxf. 1 Fill yer barra full o' straa, an" tie this yer piece of 
oalter [halter] t' un, an' I'll pull tag. Wil. 1 When a lawn-mower 
or barrow is too heavy for one man to manage alone, a rope is 
attached for a boy to draw by, who is said to ' pull tag.' 

TAG, sb* and v* Wor. Glo. Ken. Sur. Sus. Hmp. 
I.W. Wil. Also written tagge Ken. 12 Sus. [taeg.] 

1. sb. A one-year-old sheep. See Teg. 

m.Wor. (J.C.) Glo. Horae Subsecivae (1777) 426 (s.v. Tagg- 
wool). s.Cy. (HALL.) Ken. YOUNG Annals Agric. (1784-1815) 
XIX. 75 ; Ken. 12 , Sur. 1 Sus. RAY (1691) ; Sus. 12 , Hmp. 1 , I.W.', 
Wil. (G.E.D.) 

2. v. Obs. To stock a field with yearling sheep. Ken. 
YOUNG Annals Agric. (1784-1815) XIX. 75. 

TAG, sb. s Cor. A small wild narcissus. 

(B. & H.) ; Cor. 3 They no longer exist, having been transformed 
by cultivation into the well-known ' Scilly whites.' 

TAG, v. s Feb. QAM.) [tag.] Of the moon : to wane. 

The mune's taggin. 

TAG, v. e Hrf. 2 [tseg.l To make brown, the effect 
of high wind and rain on hops. Hence Tagged,/^/, adj. 
unhealthy-looking, out of condition. 

TAG, v. 7 Obs. Wil. 1 To tease, torment. 

TAGANANDRA,s6. Obs. ne.Lan. 1 A mode of confining 
an animal in a place, as by a stake or tether ; also used fig. 

I'll set tha i taganandra. I'll send tha to taganandra. 

TAG(G, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. [tag.] 1. sb. Fatigue ; 
a burden ; a troublesome labour. 

S. & Ork. 1 Ir. It was a terrible tag, BARLOW Martin's Camp. 
(1896) 175- 
2. v. To oppress by hard work ; to exhaust. 

Bnff. 1 Gehn they wir weel taggit wee wark, they widd be glaid 
t' win t' thir beds seen. 

TAGGE, TAGGELD, see Tag, sb. A , Taggelt. 

TAGGELT, sb. Cum. Wm. Lan. Chs. Also written 
tagalt Lakel. 2 ; taglt Wm. ; and in forms taggeld Wm. ; 
taglet Cum. 24 [ta-glt.] 1. A ragged, dirty person ; a 
vagabond ; an idle good-for-nothing ; a rascal, scamp. 

Lakel. 2 Com. 12 ; Cum." A taggelt like that sud be haut like 




puzzen, 55 ; Cum. 4 Wm. Thor gossipin taggelds, WILSON Lile 
Bit ev a Sang, 98; Thae wer arrant taglts an tastrils, CLARKE 
Spec. Dial. (1865) 15. n.Lan. 1 Thow nasty dirty taggelt. Thow 
drukken taggelt. ne.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 
2. A mischievous little child. s.Wm. (J.A.B.) 

TAGGLE, v. Yks. Not. Nhp. [ta'gl.] 1. To tangle. 
Not. (J.H.B.) Hence Taggle-rods, sb. pi. a woollen-trade 
term : a frame arrangement for keeping teazles in position 
for raising cloth. w.Yks. (J.M.) 2. Of women's skirts: 
to saturate with mud, rain, &c. Nhp. 1 Cf. tag, sb. 1 12. 

TAGGLE, see Taigle. 

TAGGY, sb. Cum. Wm. [ta'gi.] The curfew bell; 
gen. in comp. Taggy-bell. 

Lakel. 1 So called near Penritli, where the custom of ringing the 
taggy is still kept up. Cum. Used in modern times to frighten 
children ; if out after eight o'clock, ' Taggy would get them,' 
SULLIVAN Cum. and Wm. (1857) 85 ; (M.P.) ; Cum.", Wm. (M.P.) 

TAGGY-FINCH, sb. s.Wor. 1 The chaffinch, Fringilla 

TAGH, see Taugh, sb. 1 

TAGHAIRM, sb. Obs. Sc. A mode of divination 
formerly used by the Highlanders. 

Last evening-tide Brian an augury hath tried, Of that dread kind 
which must not be Unless in dread extremity, The Taghairm called, 
SCOTT Lady of Lake (1810) cant. iv. st. 4 ; A person was wrapped 
up in the skin of a newly-slain bullock, and deposited beside a 
waterfall, or at the bottom of a precipice, or in some other strange, 
wild, and unusual situation, where the scenery around him 
suggested nothing but objects of horror. In this situation he 
revolved in his mind the question proposed, and whatever was 
impressed upon him by his exalted imagination, passed for the 
inspiration of the disembodied spirits, who haunt the desolate 
recesses, it. note. 

[Gael, taghairm, a noise, echo ; a mode of divination by 
listening to the noise of water cascades (MACBAIN).] 

TAGL, sb. Sh.I. [ta'gl.] Anything trailing behind 
one when walking. JAKOBSEN Dial. (1897) 1 7- 

TAGLET.s*. Wm. [ta'glit] The metal tag of a lace. 
See Tag, sb. 1 n.Wm. This whang hes neea taglet on (B.K.). 

TAGLET, TAGLT, see Taggelt. 

TAGNEY,s6. e.An. 1 [tae'gni.] Finery ; also used attrib. 

' Tagney clothes,' the Sunday best. 

TAGRALING, prp. Hrf. Glo. 1. Abusing. Wor. 
(R.M.E.), Hrf. 2 , Glo. (R.M.E.) 2. Courting. Hrf. 2 

TAGREEN, sb. Nhb. Yks. Also in form tagareen 
Nhb. 1 [ta-grln.] Marine stores. Nhb. 1 Hence (i) 
Tagreen-man, sb. a man owning marine stores ; see 
below ; (2) Tagreen-shop, sb. a marine stores' shop ; an 
old clothes' shop. 

(i) Nhb. 1 A ' tagareen man ' has a floating shop which he rows 
about the tiers of ships, announcing his presence by a bell. His 
dealings are carried on by barter or cash, as may be convenient ; 
and old rope, scrap-iron, or other similar unconsidered trifles, are 
exchanged for the crockery or hardware with which the boat is 
stocked. (2) n.Yks. 12 , m.Yks. 1 

TAGS, sb. pi. Lin. [tagz.] In phr. to set tags, to 
challenge to feats of agility or skill by doing them first 
oneself. se.Lin. (J.T.B.) 

TAGUE, sb. Lakel. 2 A tease. 

Yon barn's a reg'lar tague [teg], 

TAG-WORM, sb. Cor. 2 [targ-wam.] The earthworm. 

TAH, v. Lan. Cor. [ta.] To void excrement ; used 
by nurses to little children. s.Lan. (I.W.) Cor. N. Sr Q. 
(1854) ist S. x. 440. 

TAH, int. Yks. [ta.] Used as a command to desist. 

n.Yks. Tah! deean't deea that ! (I.W.) 

TAH, TA-HEE, see Taugh, sb. 1 , Tee-hee. 

TAHTLE, v. Wm. [ta-tl.] 1. To idle about, to 
dawdle ; to do light work in a listless manner ; gen. with 
about or around. 

Set intuit an' nut tahtle aboot as if thoo was flait (B K ) 
s.Wm. (J.A.B.) 

2. With about or around: to walk carefully, to step 
gingerly so as to avoid mud, &c. 

Tahtlin aroond t'fauld yan wad think a bit o' coo shitten wad 
puzzen the (B.K.). 

TAICH, see Tach, Teach. 

TAICKLE, sb. N.I. 1 [te-kl.] A randy; a talking, 
scolding woman. 

TAID, sb. and v. Obs. Sc. (JAM.) 1. sb. The dung 
of black cattle. Ags. (s.v. Tath.) Cf. tad, sb. 2 , tath(e. 
2. v. To manure land by the droppings from cattle, 
either in pasturing or folding. Ags. Of black cattle only. Fif. 

TAIGIE, see Tag, sb. 1 

TAIGLE, v. and sb. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Also written 
taigel Nhb. 1 ; and in form taggle n.Sc. (JAM.) [te'gl.] 

1. v. To entangle ; to catch so as to hold ; to harass, 
annoy ; to tackle ; to weary, fatigue. 

Sc. Two irreverent young fellows determined, as they put it, 
' to taigle the minister,' FORD Thistledown (1891) 51 ; She went 
out early and returned late, weary and taiglet, as she called it, 
WHITEHEAD Daft Davie (1876) 103, ed. 1894. n.Sc., Cld. (JAM.) 
Lnk. Others cunningly stretched out their legs to taigle the 
wrathful dominie, FRASER Whanps (1895) ii. Edb. Ye taigled 
your gown on a nail ; I heard something gang screed as we 
whipped through the door, BEATTY Secretar (1897) 38. 

2. To detain ; to cause to delay ; to hinder ; to take up 
one's time and attention. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; I was taigled, ye ken, on the road, OCHILTREE Red- 
bum (1895) xvii. Ayr. We were taigled so long, that the coach 
was starting from the door of the Cross-Keys as we got oot to the 
causey, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 85. Lnk. Hooever, no to 
taigle ye, I'll mak' a lang story short, FRASER Whanps (1895) i. 
Edb. Haste ye, I have been taigled long enow, BEATTY Secretar 
(1897) 230. Gall. They that are trysted to the Bridegroom's work 
must taigle themselves with no other marriage engagements, 
CROCKETT Moss-Hags (1895) xxiv. Nhb. 1 

Hence Taiglesome, adj. retaining, retarding, hindering. 

Sc. A taiglesome road, one which is so deep or so hilly that one 
makes little progress (JAM.). Ayr. A multifawrious multipleecity 
of things that are a wee taiglesome in the telling, SERVICE Dr. 
Duguid (ed. 1887) 103. 

3. To delay ; to tarry, linger, loiter, dawdle. 

Sc. I tell you fairly, there's too much Advocate's door and 
Advocate's window here for a man that comes taigling after a 
Macgregor's daughter, STEVENSON Catriona (1893) vii. e.Sc. I 
winna taigle, if you think we can get awa', STRAIN Elmslie's 
Drag-net (1900) 115. Ayr. A sore malady, which soon rose to 
such a head that Robin Brown taigled more than two hours for 
me ; but still I grew worse and worse, GALT Gilhaize (1823) xxvi. 
e.Lth. They mairched on abreist o' the times, an whiles aheid o' 
them : no like the Tories, whae \vere aye taiglin ahint, HUNTER 
J. Imvick (1895*! 98. Dmf. I'll taigle at e'en i' your neuks nae mair, 
REID Poems (1894) 161. Gall. (W.G.), n.Cy. (HALL.), w.Yks. 2 

4. sb. A hindrance, delay ; that which causes it. Cld. 

TAIGSUM, adj. Sc.(Jut.SuMl.) [te'gsam.] Hinder- 
some, tedious, wearisome, ' taiglesome.' 

TAIKEN, see Token. 

TAIKIN, sb. Cai. 1 [te'kin.] A kind of cloth, ticking. 

TAIKNE, see Tackne. 

TAIL, sb. and v. Var. dial, and colloq. uses in Sc. Irel. 
and Eng. Also in forms taail Brks. 1 I.W. 12 ; tahilWor. ; 
teal Sc. ; teale Cum. ; teel s.Chs. 1 ; toyle w.Cy. ; tyel 
Wxf. 1 [tel, teal, tisl.] 1. sb. Obs. The posteriors ; the 

Sc. Quo' she, I've fa'n upon a shift, And scratched her tail, 
PENNECUIK Coll. (1787) n. Lnk. No say [so] much judgment as 
to wyse the wind frae her tail, but lute it gang afore fouks, GRA- 
HAM Writings (1883) II. 28. Edb. Erst you've hain'd my tail Frae 
wind and weet, frae snaw and hail, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) 199, 
ed. 1785. 

2. The train of a robe, &c. ; pi. the bottom of a skirt. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; If he had seen a prelate's mitre upon his head, and 
their side robes upon him, with some bearing up their tails, KIRK- 
TON C/i. Hist. (1817) 116. Sh.I. ' Juist view ye mi tails. . . See ! ' 
shQ said, as shu took da blade o' a auld table knife ta scrape aff da 
gutter, Sh. News (Dec. 4, 1897). Cal. 1 Lnk. Three-story flounces 
o' silk roun' yer tails, WATSON Poems (1853) 46. Slk. Yowe an' 
me's had to buckle up oor tails an' milk the kye at nicht, instead 
o' dinkin' oorhair, an' gaun to dancin' schules, THOMSON Druntmtl- 
dale (1901) 78. 

3. A woman's skirt. 

Oxf.i MS. add., Glo. (F.P.T.) Wil. 1 Hev'ee got ar' a ould taail 
to gie I, Miss? Som. I should be glad of an old tail (L.K.L.). 
sw.Dev. Can 'ee give me an old black tail, m' lady ? (J.S.) 




4. A retinue ; a following. 

Sc. 'Ah, if yon Saxon Duinhe-wassel saw but the chief himself 
with his tail on ! ' ' With his tail on ? ' echoed Edward in some 
surprise. ' Yes that is, with his usual followers, when he visits 
those of the same rank,' SCOTT Waverley (1814) xvi. nSc. (JAM.) 
w.Sc. We must have the school packed with our people before he 
can bring up his tail, MACDONAI.D Settlement (1869) 25, ed. 1877. 

n.Lin. 1 When cums to a parish meetin'shealus brings a long 

taail ahint him. 

5. The hind part of a cart, harrow, plough, &c. ; one of 
the handles of a plough. 

Abd. Wily craws fac the dawn to dark At the harrow tail are 
flittin', MUKRAY ffamfwit/i (1900) 3. n.Lin. 1 s.Wor. Often the 
plough is set and let go, and the ploughman does not ' foller 
the tahils' but walks among the stubble and leaves the plough to 
itself (H.K.). Shr. 1 Brks. The uncouth instrument itself, the 
strong, patient man at the ' tail,' as he would call it, Spectator 
(Oct. 18, 1902) 563. w.Som. 1 

6. Of a ship : the rear, stern. 

Ayr. As the tide was in our tail . . . we streekit a' our claith, 
laid our best strength on the lang oars, AINSLIE Land of Bums 
(ed. 1893) 127. 

7. A fish. 

Sh.I. Fir every tail 'at wis captered a score escaped, OLLASON 
Mareel (1901) 63. 

8. Obs. A horse-leech. 

Gall. Horse-leeches . . . wont, like the others, fall off, but con- 
tinue sucking so long as they can get a drop of blood, while the 
life-stream flows out of their nether end, whence the name 
' towals ' or ' tails,' leeches at either end, MACTAGGART Enrycl. 
(1824) 229, ed. 1876. 

9. //. Inferior sheep drafted from a flock. 

Sc. The lambs, dinmonts, or wethers, drafted out of the fat or 
young stock, are sheddings, tails, or drafts, STEPHENS Farm Dk. 
(ed. 1849) I. 213. 

10. pi. Onion leaves. Sc. Garden Wk. (1896) No. cvi. 136. 

11. The stalk of a mushroom. Brks. AT. &> Q. (1880) 6th 
S. i. 499. 12. The end of a portion of time. 

Sc. (JAM.), Cai. 1 Abd. They're to be marriet i'the tail o'hairst, 
ALEXANDER Ain Flk. (1882) 157. Frf. In the tail o' the day I 
says, BARRIE Minister (1891) xlii. Edb. It's wearin on now to 
the tail o' May, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) 109, ed. 1785. Nhb. 1 
Tail o' the week. 

13. The water which has run beneath the wheel of a 
water-mill ; the channel conveying the water from the 
wheel. n.Lin. 1 , w.Som. 1 14. Of a field : the lower end. 
Cai. 1 15. A weaving term : a number of cords extended 
over the pulleys in the harness-box, connecting the 
'simple' with the yarn. 

Rnf. Making our mounting, tail and tapwark To operate weel, 
WEBSTER Rhymes (1835) 152. Lnk. Lang may the tail and 
harness-box Support the nation, M C !NDOE Poems (1805) 12. 

16. Obs. A mining term : the waste tin that falls hind- 
most in the ' buddle.' Wai. RAY (1691). 17. A kind of 
wooden lever at the back of a windmill. 

Nrf. ' I shall have to start that mill off.' I went and got hold of 
the rope and pulled the gripe up, and made that fast round the 
tail so that wouldn't jerk her off, EMERSON Son of Fens (1892) 336. 

18. The lighterpartof grain; small refuse grain ; 'seconds' 
of flour; the awns of grain. Cf. tailinfg, 3. 

Cai. 1 , Ayr. (JAM., s.v. Tail-meal\ Lei. 1 , se.Wor. 1 , Brks. 
(W.H.E.), Brks. 1 Hrt. ELLIS Mod. Hush. (1750) VI. iii. 71. 
e.Suf. (F.H.) Sur. 1 There's pretty nigh as much tail as head 
corn this season. Hmp. There's three sacks o' tail as 'ull do for 
chicken's victuals (W.H.E.). Wil. 1 

19. pi. Hay left in the field after the bulk is harvested. 
e.Lan. 1 2O. Comb, (i) Tail-band or -been, a crupper; 
(2) -barley, refuse inferior barley ; (3) -binder, a long 
stone in a building which rests upon the corner stone, and 
extends for some distance over the course of stones that it 
is level with, in order to strengthen the wall ; (4) -bottom, 
the bottom bar in a cart-tail; (5) -box, a part of a wind- 
mill; see below; (6) -corn, the inferior part of corn, gen. 
consumed at home or given to poultry; (7) -crab, the 
capstan on which the spare rope of a crab is wound ; (8) 
-cratch, the rack at the back of a wagon for holding hay, 
&c. ; (9) -door, the door or lid at the back of a wagon, cart, 
&c. ; (10) -end, (a) the latter part of anything; the end, 


termination ; the residue after the best portion has been 
taken away ; (b) the shallow end of a pool of water ; (c) 
the finishing end of a piece of silk, cloth, Xc. ; (n) -ender, 
a term of contempt for one who is habitually late in 
everything he undertakes; (12) -ends, see (6) ; (13) -goit, 
the channel which conveys the water from a mill; (14) 
head, the root of the tail ; (15) -ill, a disease of a cow's 
tail ; (16) -ladder, a framework affixed to the end of a 
wagon to increase its length; (17) -meal, see (6); (18) 
net, the herring-net first ' shot, 1 and therefore the one 
farthest from the boat ; (19) -pipe, (a) a mining term : the 
suction-pipe of a pump ; (6) to tie a tin or other rattling 
thing to a dog's 'tail, and then turn it loose ; (20) -pole, the 
pole which joins together the front and back wheels of a 
wagon underneath ; (21) -race, the current of water in its 
passage from a mill ; (22) -rackle, incontinent ; (23) 
rageous, lustful ; (24) -rope, a mining term : the rope by 
which the empty set of tubs are drawn back into a mine ; 
(25) -rot, see (15) ; (26) -seed, small poor seed ; (27) 
shot, the outer skin of the tail of a mouse, rat, &c., freq. 
left in traps ; (28) -shotten or -shotten-soker, (29) -slip, 
see (15) ; (30) -slough, see (27) ; (31) -soak, see (15) ; (32) 
soaken, of heifers: having the 'tail-soak'; (33) -teukit, 
having the tail or handle of the wool-card tacked on with^ 
tacks ; (34) -toddle, conjugal rights ; (35) -top, the swingle 
or short stick of a flail; (36) -water, see (21) ; (37) -wheat, 
see (6) ; (38) -wind, of reaping : see below ; (39) -worm, 
see (15). 

(l) Wxf. 1 , n.Cy. (HALL.), Dnr. 1 , e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 He click'd 
hod o' t'mane wi' ya hand, an tailband wi" t'other, ii. 303. 
ne.Lan. 1 , n.Lin. 1 (2) Hrf. 1 , w.Som. 1 (3) w.Yks. 1 (4) w.Yks. 
(J-J.B.) (5) Som. Her foot was upon the ladder to ascend into 
the tail-box one part of that revolving dome at the head of a 
stone mill by which the sails are brought to face an ever-shifting 
wind, RAYMOND Smoke, 23. (6) Not. 1 , Lei. 1 , Nhp. 1 , Hnt. (T.P.F.), 
w.Som. 1 , Cor. 1 (7) Nhb. 1 Nhb., Dnr. NICHOLSON Coal Tr. Gl. 
(ed. 1888). (8) w.Wor. 1 , Hrf. 2 (9) se.Lin. (J.T.B.) (10, a) Frf. 
And in the tail-end they went thegither to look for one, BARRIE 
Tommy (1896) x. Don. The short an' the long, an' the tail-end 
of all, was that she talked over Padh's mother, MACMANUS Bend of 
Road (1898) 208. Nhb. 1 e.Yks. 1 Tail-end o' cart. Tail-end o* 
week. w.Yks. (J.W.), Chs. 1 , se.Wor. 1 w.Som. 1 I baint gwain 
to take the tail-end arter he've a-zold all the best. (6) Nhb. 1 
Nhb., Dnr. NICHOLSON Coal Tr. Gl. (ed. 1888). (c) w.Yks. (J.M.), 
(S.A.B.) (n) Lakel. 2 (12) ne.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 s.Chs. 1 A name 
applied to the small and inferior grains blown to the outside of 
the corn-heap in winnowing with a fan. Lin. 1 , n.Lin. 1 , sw.Lin. 1 , 
Lei. 1 , Nhp. 12 , War. 3 Shr. 1 Jim, bring the blind-sieve full o' tail- 
ends fur the fowls; Shr. 2 Glo. GROSE (1790); Glo. 1 , Hmp. 1 , 
I.W. 1 Wil. BRITTON Beauties (1825) ; Wil. 1 (13) w.Yks. 3 (14) 
Cam. ' Nicked at tfiale-heed,' said of an animal enormously fat 
(J.Ar.). Wm. Lost, Three ewes and two lambs. I. P. on horn, 
pop far hook and near shoulder ; ewes marked across tail-head, 
Wm. Gazette (Oct. 12, 1901) 5, col. 3. [The first point handled 
is the tail-head, STEPHENS Farm Bk. (ed. 1849) II. 14 r.] (15) Sc. 
STEPHENS Farm Bk. (ed. 1849) I. 520. Lth. Cured by letting 
blood in the part affected (JAM.). Gall. When a cow takes the 
tail-ill, or is elfshot, these females are sent for to cure them, MAC- 
TAGGART Eiicycl. (1824) 500, ed. 1876. (16) Glo. 1 (s.v. Raves). 
w.Mid. It is removable at will (W.P.M.). (17) Ayr. Made of the 
tails or points of the grains. As these are first broken off in 
milling, they are separated from the body or middle part, which 
is always the best (JAM.). (18) Buff. 1 (19, a) Nhb. 1 Nhb., Dnr. 
NICHOLSON Coal Tr. Gl. (ed. 1888). (i) Som. (W.F.R.) w.Som. 1 
Cats are sometimes served the same way. nw.Dev. 1 , Cor. 2 (20) 
Wil. 1 (s.v. Waggon). (21) Sc. Depones, that the refuse at the 
Gordon's mill field is discharged into the river by the tail-race of 
their mill, STATE Leslie ofPoivis (1793) 164 (JAM., s.v. Race). (22) 
Wm. She's nin a bad sooart at boddum, but she's a bit tail rackle 
(B.K.). (23) n.Yks. 2 (24) Nhb. 1 Nhb., Dor. NICHOLSON Coal 
Tr. Gl. (ed. 1888). (25) Sh.I. Ane of Arty's kye is gotten da 
tail rot, Sh. News (July 14, 1900). (26) Ken. Tail-seed from my 
seed-mill, YOUNG Annals Agric. (1784-1815) V. 114. (27) Lin. 1 
(28) Chs. 13 e.An. 1 The spinal marrow becomes so affected that 
the beast is unable to stand. (29) Sc. There is disease in it ; and 
it is called the tail-ill or tail slip, STEPHENS Farm Bk. (ed. 1849) 
1. 520. Lnk. A disease which cold sometimes brings upon cows 
first appears in the end of the tail, by affecting it in such a manner 
that it seems soft to the touch. As the disease proceeds upwards, 





every joint has the appearance of being dislocated, URE Hist. 
Rutherglen (1793) 191 (JAM.). (30) Lin.', n.Lin. 1 (31) Chs. 13 , 
I.W. 12 w.Cy. GROSE (1790). (32) s.Chs. 1 The lowest joint of 
the tail becomes loosened and softened, generally from lack of 
sufficient nourishment. ' What do you think of my new heifer, 
George ? ' ' Well, hoo looks as ev hoo'd bin teel-soaken an' 
poverty-strucken through th' winter.' (33) Sh.I. ' Four-neukit, 
tail-teukit, an' teeth oot o' number.' A Guddik, the answer being 
wool-cards, SPENCE Flk-Lore (1899) 183. (34) Gall. Each noddle 
That scrimps his spouse o' her tail toddle, LAUDERDALE Poems 
(1796) 67. (35) e.An. 1 Norwich Merc. (Nov. 15, 1828). (36) 
w.Yks. It works immersed in the tail-water, so that no part of the 
fall is lost, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Oct. i, 1875), in PEACOCK 6V. 
(1889) ; n.Lin. 1 (37) Rut. 1 To make the earn averages fair, 
you've a roight to tek the tail-wheat an' not the best samples only. 
Lei. 1 , Nhp. 1 , War. 24 , s.War. 1 , s.Wor. (H.K.), s.Wor. 1 , Hrf. 12 , 
Glo. (A.B.), Oxf. 1 (s.v. Tailin' whate), Hnt. (T.P.F.), Sus. 1 Hmp. 
HOLLOWAY. w.Som. 1 , Dev. 3 (38) Lth. To shear wi' a tail-wind, 
to reap or cut the grain, not straight across the ridge but diagon- 
ally (JAM.). (39) n.Sc. ((A.) Abd. The tail- worm is also cured 
by cutting off a few inches of the tail, which bleeds pretty freely, 
Agric. Sim. 491 (ib.). n.Lin. 1 A disease to which cows that have 
recently calved are subject ; believed to be caused by a worm in 
the marrow of the tail. It is really paralysis following milk fever. 
Ignorant farriers not uncommonly make large cuts in the tail for 
the purpose of pulling out the worm, which they profess to show. 
The object extracted is a sinew. 

21. Phr. (i) neither tail nor horn, not a trace of; (a) 
proud as a dog ivith two tails, very proud indeed ; (3) tail 
on end, full of eagerness and expectation ; (4) over end, 
(5) over nose, topsy turvy, head over heels ; (6) to tail, 
used in making exchanges, gen. of horses and cattle ; see 
below ; (7) to be a tail end on, to be an unpaid balance of 
an account on ; (8) to flea the tail, to draw near the conclu- 
sion of a piece of work ; (9) to get one's tail in the well, to 
get oneself entangled in some unpleasant business, affect- 
ing either character or interest ; (10) to have the wrong 
sow by the tail, to wheedle the wrong person ; (n) to keep 
the tail in water, to prosper. 

(i) Arg. For weeks on end we saw them neither tail nor horn, 
as the saying goes, MUNRO Shoes of Fort. (1901) 316. (2) Cor. 
W. Morning News (Apr. 22, 1902). (3) s.Hmp. But you're so tail- 
on-end, VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) xxvi. I.W. 2 They be all taail-on- 
end vor't. Dor. 1 , Cor. 12 (4) e.Yks. 1 n.Lin. 1 He tum'l'd taail 
oher end doon th' stee. (5) Cor. I seed stars 'nough to fill a new 
sky, . . an' I went down tail over nose, PHILLPOTTS Prophets 
(1897) an. (6) w.Som. 1 The precise meaning is even-handed i.e. 
without any payment or other adjustment of value in the animals 
or things 'rapped.' 'Mr. Baker chopped way me vor this here 
'oss vor a cow and calve what I turned into fair. We was ever so 
long dalin, 'cause he wanted to turn 'em tail to tail ; but I wadn 
gwain to chop way he 'thout drawin' o' money ; and come to 
last I made a sovereign [suuvreen] out o' un.' (7) Wm. He could 
nivver shear his awn rig, ther was allus a tail end on owder t'rent, 
er t'public-hoose, er someway (B.K.). (8) w.Yks. 1 (9) Sc. (JAM.) 
(10) Slk. I've had the wrang sow by the teal, HOGG Poems (ed. 
!86s) 372. (n) w.Yks. 1 Let what will happen, hee's seure to 
keep't tail i' t' waiter, ii. 305. 

22. v. To cut off or dock the tail of an animal ; to cut off 
the roots of turnips. Cf. top and tail, s.v. Top, 19 (2). 

e-An. 1 (s.v. Top and Tail). w.Som. 1 1 always tails my lambs to 
zix weeks old. 

23. With off : to do less ; to diminish ; to lose ground. 
Sc. (A. W.), w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. An' then tha con tail off a bit, 

CLEGG Sketches (1895) 40. Midi. All on 'ema hundred yards ahind, 
an'a-tailin' off very fast at that, BARTRAM People of Clapton (i8cn) 
1 88. War. 3 

24. With in : to join in. 

Cor. I ... shall then tail in somewhere in the chowrusses 
Blackw. Mag. (Dec. 1861) 712. 

25. Obs. Of a reaper : to come forward to a partner on 
the rig, and leave another. 

Rxb. Then to she fell an' Rabin tail'd An' tipt the lave a wink, 
A. SCOTT Poems (ed. 1808) 99. 
29. With up : to flow back. 

Sur. 1 The buster under the road is not big enough to take the 
water, it tails up on to my land. 

27. To make an even exchange of animals. e.An 1 
TAILIE, see Tailyie. 

TAILIN(G, sb. and ppl. adj. Yks. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Wor. Shr. Glo. Oxf. Brks. Hmp. I.W. Wil. Dor. Som. 
Cor. Aus. Also in forms taailin Brks. 1 ; taailun I.W. 1 ; 
tailen Wil. 1 Dor. 1 1. sb. The latter part ; the end ; also 
in pi. 

Wor. It is better to have the frost now [in December] than the 
tailings in May (E.S.). 

2. The outer edges of a fleece of wool ; the dirty wool 
shorn off from around the tail of sheep. w.Yks. (J.M.), 
w.Som. 1 3. Refuse inferior corn ; ' hinder-ends ' ; gen. 
in pi. Cf. tail, 18. 

Sc. (A. W.), Lin. 1 , n.Lin. 1 , sw.Lin.', Lei. 1 , Nhp. 12 , War.", s.Wor. 
(H. K.),Shr. l Glo. When light corn or ' tailing' is given to the horses, 
an additional quantity is allowed them to make up for its lightness, 
MORTON Farm (1832) 19; Glo. 1 , Brks. 1 , Hmp. 1 , I.W. 1 , Wil. 1 , Dor.' 
Som. Ef yo keps urn allus on tailin, skim and swipes, AGRIKLER 
Rhymes (1872) 57. w.Som. 1 Never zeed whait turn out better; 
there wadn nit a bushel o' tailing in all thick there gurt rick. 

Hence (i) Tailing-flour, sb. the 'seconds' of flour. 
Wil. 1 ; (2) Tailing-wheat, sb. inferior wheat. Oxf. 1 , Wil. 1 

4. pi. A mining term : the poorest tin, the sweepings or 
refuse of ore. 

Cor. 12 [Aus. The boy . . . loved to be burrowing amongst old 
tailings, or groping in the sludge of an auriferous creek after little 
patches, Longman's Mag. (Sept. 1901) 394.] 

5. ppl. adj. Late, drawing towards the close. 

Wor. That was the tailing season when the strawberries began 
o get small (E.S.). 

TAILOR, sb. and v. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Chs. 
Wai. Not. Nhp. Shr. Oxf. Lon. Som. Dev. Cor. Also 
written taylor Oxf. 1 ; and in forms tailder w.Som. 1 
nw.Dev. 1 Cor. 1 ; taillier ne.Lan. 1 ; taillyer Sc. ; tailyer 
w.Yks. 1 ; taylear Cum. 4 ; teeler s.Chs. 1 ; teilwr Wai. ; 
tyellior Nhb. [ti'l3(r ; te'lja(r.] 1. sb. In comb, (i) 
Tailor-blay, the bleak, Leucisms alburnus ; (2) -body, 
used contemptuously for a tailor; (3) -finish, the lesser 
redpole, Linota rufescens ; (4) -'s garters or -'s gartens, the 
ribbon-grass, Phalaris arundinacea variegata ; (5) -man, a 
tailor ; (6) -'s mense, (a) a small portion left by way of 
good manners ; (b) tailors' cuttings ; (7) -'s needles or 
Tailors' needles, the shepherd's needle, Scandix Pecten- 
Veneris ; (8) -'s nip, a pinch given to a person wearing new 
clothes for the first time; (9) -tartan, the daddy-long- 
legs ; ( 10) -'s yard or -yard-band, (a) the three stars forming 
the belt of Orion ; (b) the constellation Aquila. 

(i) Oxf. (G.O.); Oxf. 1 I have caught nothing but a few taylor 
blays, MS. add. (a) Twd. Ye wee, sneck-drawin' tailor-body, 
wad ye set up your bit feckless face against a man o' place and 
siller! BUCHAN Burnet (1898) 25. Nhb. The awkwardest o' a' 
awkward tailor-bodies an" prentice lads, JONES Nhb. (1871) 33. 
(3) Cum. 4 (4) Sc. (A.W.) ; Appleringie, speeriment, tailors' 
garters, and nancy-pretty, WRIGHT Sc. Life (1897) 59. (5) Frt 
The tailor-man an' his laddie . . . walkit off fair skeered one 
morning, BARRIE Thrums (1889) xi. (6, a) N.Cy. 1 When a tailor 
works at his customer's house andlias his meals there, he leaves 
a little food on his plate to show that he has had enough. This is 
called the tailor's mense, and has come to be applied to all food 
left on the plate. Nhb. 1 , w.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 (b) N.Cy. 1 (7) n.Dev. 
(B. & H.), Cor. 12 (8) w.Sc. His faither wad gar him get a guid 
taillyer's nip for his new troosers, MACDONALD Settlement (1869) 
27, ed. 1877. (9) Nhb. (R.O.H.) (10, a) Nhp. 1 The Tailor's Yard- 
band, which hangs streaming high, CLARE Shep. Cal. (1827) a; 
Nhp. 2 , Shr. 1 (A) Som. (W.F.R.) 

2. A townsman, esp. one not used to horses. 

s.Not. A lot of tailors, from Nottingham. ' He ho'ds the reins 
like a tailor' (J.P.K.). 

3. The best man at a wedding. 

s.Wal. 'Madlen is to be my bridesmaid, and IvorParry will be the 
teilwr.' In olden times the man who made the wedding garments 
was always supposed to see his employer safely through the 
ceremony, hence the best man is still called the 'tailor,' RAINE 
Torn Sails (1898) 43. 

4. The bleak, Leuciscus alburnus. 

Lon. All Thames anglers know that bleak are nick-named tailors, 
the general impression being that they are good enough for tailors 
to eat, Fishing Gascite (Jan. 18, 1890) 32 col. i. 

5. A caterpillar. s.Chs. 1 6. The water-spider, Argv- 
roneta aquatica. Cum. 4 (s.v. Tom Tayleor). 7. //. The 



sliephcrd's needle, Scandix Peclen- Veneris. Cor. 1 , e.Cor. 
(B. & H.) 8. . To practise the trade of a tailor. 
w.Som. 1 , nw.Dev. 1 9. To shoot badly ; to hit birds 
without stopping or killing them. 

Nhb. After that again the pheasants come wilder, an' gettin' 
flurried belike, he tailors them, I'EASE Tales (1899) 24. 

TAILYIE, sb. and v. Obs. or obsol. Also in forms 
tailie (JAM.); tailzie, talyee Sh.I.; telyie (JAM.). 1. sb. 
A cut, slice ; a large piece, esp. used of meat. 

Sc. (JAM.), Sh.I. (Co/I. L.L.B.) Flf. They denner'd weel, wi' 
cheirfu' hearts, On tailyies fat and fine, TENNANT Papistry (1827) 
185. Rnf. That devour'd a sonsy tailie, An' had a belly like a 
Bailie, PICKEN Poems (1813) I. 59. 

2. An entail. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; This Shaws-Castle here 1'se warrant it flee up the 
chimney after the rest, were it not weel fastened down with your 
grandfather's tailzie, SCOTT Si. Ronan (1824) x; Like heirs of 
line or heirs of tailzies, CoLVii.W/iigsSnp/>lication(ed. 1796) 1.1293. 

3. v. To entail. Sc. (JAM.) 

[2. He seith to me he is the last in the tayle of his lyflode, 
the qweche is CCCL. marke and better, Paston Letters (c. 
1449) I. 89.] 

TAIN, TAIN(E, see Town, Tone, num. adj. 

TAING, TAINGS, see Tang, sb. 1 , Tongs. 

TAINT, v. and sb. Yks. Hrt. Hnt. e.An. Also in form 
tent Yks. [tent.] 1. v. Of wood : to decay. 

n.Yks. This wood is tented (I.W.). 
2. Obs. To infest. 

Hrt. Tainted with meece, CUSSANS Hist. Hii. (1879-81) III. 321. 

S. sb. A very dirty slut. e.An. 1 4. A large protuberance 

on the top of a pollard tree. e.An. 1 Suf. e.An. N. 6r* Q. 

(1866) II. 325. 5. Obs. The glow-worm. Hrt. ELLIS 

Sltep. Guide (1750) 306. 

TAIPIT, see Tabet. 

TAIRD,s6. Obs. Sc. Also in forms terd Lnk. Lth. 
(JAM.); turd Bnff. 1 1. A term of great contempt; applied 
to people and animals. Bnff. 1 , Lnk., w.Lth. (JAM.) 
2. A gibe, taunt ; sarcasm. 

Lth. He cast a taird i' my teeth (JAM.). 

TAIRDIE, TAIRENSIE, see Tardie, Tearansy. 

TAIRGE, TAIRGER, see Targe, Targer. 

TAIS, see Tass(e. 

TAISCH, sb. Sc. [tej.] The voice of a person about 
to die ; second sight. Cf. task, sb.' 

n.Sc. Some women . . . said to him, they had heard two taischs, 
that is, two voices of persons about to die ; and what was 
remarkable, one of them was an English taisch, which they had 
never heard before, BOSWELL Jm. (1785) 150 (JAM.). s.Sc. A 
second-sighted man had arrived in the glen conducted by the 
power of the taisch, WILSON Tales (1836) II. 247. 

[Gael, taibhs, tatbhse, the shade of a departed person ; a 
vision, apparition, ghost (M. & D.).] 

TAISIE, see Tass(e. 

TAISSLE, v. and sb. Sc. Yks. Also in forms taisle 
Sc. Bnff. 1 ; taizle Yks. ; tassel Sc. ; tassell, tassle Sc. 
(JAM.); teasleSc. QAM.) Bnff. 1 ; teazle Lth. GAM.) [te'sl.] 

1. v. To entangle, twist ; to toss, throw into disorder ; 
to mix, jumble. 

Sc. Applied to the action of the wind when boisterous. ' I was 
sair taisslit wi' the wind ' (JAM.). Bnff. 1 She teaslet the twa kynes 
o'woo through ither. Yks. Ah sawthee floatin'byon thy rig [back] 
taizled like an owd tree, BARING-GOULD Pennyqcks. (1890) 141. 

2. With among or in: to handle overmuch. Bnff. 1 , Cld. 
(JAM.) 3. To examine with such strictness as to puzzle 
the respondent ; to confuse, bewilder, perplex. 

Sc. He taisslit me sae wi' his questions, that I didna ken what 
to say (JAM.). Bnff. 1 Rxb. The leader of a party has need to 
keep his head clear and yald, and doesna care to be taisled by a 
whale hantlc o' fulish questions, HAMILTON Outlaws (1897) 26. 

4. To tease, irritate, vex. 

Bnff. 1 Dinna teasle the bairn that wye. Lth. (JAM.) 

5. sb. The act of mixing or throwing into disorder ; a 
state of disorder. 

Sc. The effect of a boisterous wind, when the clothes are 
disordered (JAM.). Bnff. 1 The act of mixing ; spoken mostly of 
fibrous substances, and followed by ' thegeethir ' and ' through ither.' 

6. With in or dimmy: overmuch handling. IJnli'. 1 , Cld. 
(JAM.) 7. A puzzle'; the act of puzzling. Sc. (JAM.) 
8. The act of vexing or teasing. Bnff. 1 0. A severe 
brush or tussle of any kind. 

Sc. A sair taissle (JAM.) ; They got a sair day's tassel amongst 
these Ochil hills, KIRKTON Ch. Hist. (1817) 358. 

TAISTE, see Teistie. 

TAISTREL, sb. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Lakel. Yks. Lan. Also 
written taystrel Lakel. 2 w.Yks. ; and in forms taastril 
w.Yks. ; taistrild Rxb. (JAM.) w.Dur. 1 Lakel. 1 w.Yks. 1 
Lan. l s.Lan.'; tarestril w.Yks. 8 ; tastril(l n.Cy. n.Yks. 12 
ne.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 ; teastrelne.Lan. 1 ; teastril Lan.'s.Lan. 1 ; 
teeasthril e.Yks. 1 ; testrel Wm. ; testril N.Cy. 1 w.Yks. ; 
teystrill Nhb.; ? thistrill Yks. ; tyestral Nhb. 1 ; tystrill 
Rxb. (JAM.) [te'stril, tea'stril.] 1. A passionate, violent, 
or sour-tempered person ; a good-for-nothing ; a rascal, 
scoundrel ; a loose liver ; a mischievous child ; also used 

N.Cy. 1 Nhb. Smack at his uncle's jaws struck Ham. Doon went 
the teystrill sprawlin', ROBSON Evangeline (1870) 357; Nhb. 1 , 
Dur. 1 , e.Dur. 1 , w.Dur. 1 , Lakel. 12 Cum. Hadn't he been a taistrel 
toboth?CAiNESW. Crime (1665) 56; Cum. 1 "* Wm. The testrels 
leev'd and lusted as usual, HUTTON Bran New Wark (1785) 1. 224. 
Yks. T'two young thistrills were in a funk, Broad Yts. (1885) 44. 
n.Yks. 1284 , ne.Yks. 1 , e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. Aw wor allus to 
be fun amang th' warst taystrels i' th' district, HARTLEY Clock Aim. 
(1879) 23 ; BANKS WkJId. Wds. (1865) ; WILLAN List Wds. (181 1) ; 
w.Yks. 1 ii. 306 ; w.Yks. 8 Lan. Dick has often said he wur a 
taistril, STATON Loominary (c. 1861) 62 ; Lan. 1 , n.Lan. 1 , ne.Lan ', 
e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 

Hence Taistrilrig, sb. a mischievous, wicked person. 
w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Oct. 22, 1898). 2. Obs. A 
light, wanton, dirty, or careless woman ; an idle slut. 

Rxb. Often applied to a girl who from carelessness tears her 
clothes (JAM.). n.Cy. (K.) 

TAISY, see Teasy. 

TAIT, sb. 1 and v. 1 Sc. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Also written taet Sc. GAM.) S. & Ork. 1 N.Cy. 1 ; tate Sc. 
GAM.) Cai. 1 N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 ; and in forms teat Sc. Cum. 14 
Wm. ; teate Cum. ; teatt Cum. 1 ; teeat Yks. ; teeht 
Cum. ; tett Sc. ; tyet Nhb. 1 [tet, tiat.] 1. 5*. A piece 
of fluff or down ; a lock of hair, wool, or other fibrous 
substance ; a truss of hay or corn. Cf. tat, sb.*, taut, v. 2 

Sc. A tail o' woo' would be scarce amang us ... if ye shouldna 
hac that, and as gude a tweel as ever cam aff a pirn, SCOTT Guy 
M. (1815) xxvi ; (JAM.) ; At ilka tett o' her horse's mane Hung 
fifty siller bells and nine, SCOTT Minstrelsy (1802) IV. 117, ed. 
1848. S. & Ork. 1 , Cal. 1 Bnff. 1 Commonly used of what is plucked. 
'The coo made oot t'pyoul awa a taitt o' corn a took oot o' 
the stathel.' Kcd. Bere an' aits in sheaves or tails, Weel haint 
the summer through, GRANT Lays (1884) 3. e.Flf. That's very 
bonny, Tammy my man a bonny teat o' hair indeed, LATTO Tain 
Bodkin (1864) xiv. Ayr. Teats o' hay an' ripps o' corn, BURNS 
Death o/Mailie, 1. 34. Lnk. They often sent him . . . a ' wee tail 
o' hay,' FRASER Whatips (1895) vi. N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 Cum. And 
wheyles I gat her teates o' hay, ANDERSON Ballads (ed. 1808) 
197; (HALL.); Cum. 14 Wm. Thoo's o' covered wi' teats frae 
heed ta fiut : whar's ta been ? (B.K.) n.Lan. 1 

Hence (i)Tatelock, a small matted lock of hair, wool, &c. 
Cld. (JAM.) ; (2) tate of gloy, phr. a small sheaf of cleaned 
straw. Cai. 1 2. An untidy head of hair. e.Yks. MARSHALL 
Rur. Econ. (1788). 8. A small quantity of anything. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; ' Barba bifurcata,' quhilk is divided in twa tails or 
parts, SKENE Difficill Wds. (1681) 59. Per. O' winter's snaw 
there's but a tate remainin', HALIBURTON Ochil Idylls (1891) 68. 
Fif. Expressions for small quantities a tate, a curn, a stime, 
COLVILLE Vernacular (1899) l8 - Edb - My jacket ... in the sleeves 
. . . had retreated to a tail below the elbows, MOIR Matisie Wauch 
(1828) iv. Gall. MACTAGGART.EMO'C/. (1824) 223, ed. 1876. N.Cy. 1 , 
Nhb. 1 , Cum. 14 Wm.' Will ye hev some mair meat? ' 'Ah'lljust 
hev t'least lal teat ye can think on, thenk ye ' (B.K.). 

4. v. To pull or pluck any fibrous substance in small 
quantities. Bnff. 1 He taittit the hair oot o's hehd. w.Sc.(jAN.) 
Hence Teated, />/>/. adj. matted, uncombed. 

Cum. Frowzy beard and visage wan, Teated locks and garments 
tatter'd, STAGG Misc. Poems (ed. 1807) 24 ; Cum. 14 

[1. Tate,/6ra, LEVINS Manip. (1570). Cp. Icel. tcela, 
shreds (VioFussow).] 





TAIT, v? and si. 2 w.Cy. Dor. Som. Also written tate 
w.Cy. [tait.] 1. v. To tilt ; to overturn. w.Cy. (HALL.) 

2. To play at see-saw. Dor. 1 We did tait upon a plank, 62. 

3. sb. A game of see-saw. 

Dor. 1 Then we went an' had a tait, 61. Som. She had a tait 
upon that stool, RAYMOND Love and Quiet Life (1894) 205. 

TAIT, sb. a w.Cy. [Not known to our correspondents.] 
The top of a hill. (HALL.) [? Fr. tcte, head.] 

TAIT, v. 3 Won 1. To lift up, raise; to get into a 
high position. 

s.Wor. 'E dooes look tailed up [of one on a high horse, ladder, 
or tree]. To a child it would be said, ' Doan't ee get a taitin' a top 
o' thot lather' (H.K.). 

2. To shake about ; to stir, toss about. 

If cows get amongst hay or straw and ricks themselves it would 
be said, ' Thahy caows 'em a got i' the rick-yard agen an' 'a bin a 
taiting an' to'tin it about' (i*.) ; 'Goo an' tait thot 'ahy about a bit.' 
Said of hay in cocks or close together when it wants raising, 
shaking, and lightening up (4.). 

3. With off or up : to dress up smartly. 

I sin 'em goo by, but jes' gad, 'em wuz tailed up surely (i'A.). 

TAIT, int. Nhb. 1 [tet.j An exclamation of remon- 
strance. 'Tail ! man alive, ye manna de thai.' 

TAITH, TAIVE, see Tath(e, Tave, v. 1 

TAIVER, v. and sb. Sc. Also in forms tavar, taver. 
[ti'var.] 1. v. To wander ; to delay. (JAM.) 

Rnf. I kenna hoo I hae palience wi' him when he lavers at een 
here, GILMOUR Paisley Weavers (1876) 6. 

Hence (i) Taiversum, adj. tedious, fatiguing; (2) 
Taivert, />^/. adj. wandering, exhausted with work, fatigued. 

(i) Sc. (JAM.) (2) Sc. For e'en's a bit taivert bird frae the west 
shot atowre, WADDELL Isaiah (1879) xvi. 2. 

2. To talk idly, foolishly, or wildly ; to rave. Sc. (JAM.) 
Hence Taivert, ppl. adj. (i) idle, foolish, senseless, 

half-witted, raving ; (2) stupefied with drink, intoxicated. 
(i) w.Sc. QAM.) Dml>. Keep thought for things o' sense and 
lair, And ne'er on taivert clash its treasures ware, SALMON 
Gowodean (1868) 12. Ayr. A taivert tawpie, wi' her hair hingin' 
doon her back in pennyworths, clashes a gowpenfu' o' glaur in her 
Jo's face, SERVICE Notandutns (1890) 73 ; 1 wouldna trust the 
judgment . . . o' that tavart body Gibby Omit, GALT Entail (1823) 
xviii. Gall. He had a wild tavert look, CROCKETT Banner of Blue 
(1902) x. (2) Ayr. Ye wouldna hae me surely, Mr. Nettle, to sit 
till I'm tavert? I fin' the winerinnin in my head already, GALT Sir 
A. IVylie (1822) xxviii. 

3. sb. pi. Wild, raving words. 

Sc. My auntie wi' her taivers gansell'd ye oot o't, OCHILTREE 
Redbum (1895) x. 

4. pi. Rags, tatters, tears. 

Sc. They'd dung themsels to taivers, DRUMMOND Muckontacliy 
(1846)58; (JAM.) 

Hence Taivert, ppl. adj. overboiled ; boiled to rags. 
Twd., Slk. QAM.) 

TAIZIE, TAIZLE, see Tass(e, Taissle. 

TAK(E, see Tack, sb. s 

TAKE, v. and sb. Var. dial, and colloq. uses in Sc. 
Irel. Eng. Amer. and Aus. [tek, tiak ; tak, tek ; te, tl.] 

I. v. Gram, forms. 1. Present Tense: (i)Ta, (s)Taake, 
(3) Taayke, (4) Tack, (5) Tae, (6) Taen, (7) Taigh, (8) 
Taik, (9) Taiuk, (10) Tak, (n) Tay, (12) Teak, (13) 
Teake, (14) Teayk, (15) Teck, (16) Tee, (17) Teeak, (18) 
Tek, (19) Tey, (20) Teyk, (21) ? Theayk, (22) Tik, (23) 
?Toon, (24) Ty, (25) Tyek. [For further examples see II 

(i) w.Yks. Ta it wi the'h, BANKS Wkfld. Wds. (1865) ; w.Yks. 1 Ta 
that, and be off; w.Yks. 23 , ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , Chs. 3 , Der. 12 , nw.Der. 1 
(2) Wxf. 1 Taake heed. n.Lin. 1 , s.Wor. (H.K.) Dev. PHILLPOTTS 
Striking Hours (1901) 162. (3) Brks. 1 (4) Sc. (JAM.), Bnff. 1 , 
N.Cy. 1 , Dur. 1 Cum. An' I med tack my kick amango' thereabout, 
GILPIN Ballads (1874) 77. Wm. Aad twa-three lile cheeses ta 
tack ta aald Aggy Birkett, Spec. Dial. (1885) pt. iii. 5. n.Yks. 
(I.W.) e. Yks. Ah wop you're tackin yer pigs tiv a feyn markit, 
WRAY Neslleton (1876) 209 ; w.Yks. 125 , Chs. 23 , Stf. 1 , Der. 1 , Nhp. 1 , 
Oxf. 1 MS. add. (5) Nhb. Taein soun brass oot o' his pouch, JONES 
Nhb. (1871) 65. Yks. Tae it out, Howirr Hope on (1840) viii. 
e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 Chs. Owd Peter, iii. Der. 2 Not. Tae ode 
(J.H.B.). Shr. 1 Tell Sal to tae some bread an' cheese to the owd 
mon. (6) Gall. MACTAGGARTKC)>C/. (1024). (7) Chs. 23 (8) Ess. 

DOWNE Ballads (1895) 41. (9) Ken. (G.B.) (10) Sc. (JAM.), 
S. & Ork. 1 , Cai. 1 Abd. Aw'll tak' the siller, ALEXANDER Johnny 
Gibb (1871) i. Ayr. To tak me frae my mammie, BURNS Owre 
Young, st. i. Wgt. They say it taks a lang spune tae sup wi' the 
deevil, SAXON Gall. Gossip (1878) 51. N.I. 1 , n.Cy. (B.K.) Nhb. 
Sae don your plaid an' tak your gad, Coquet Dale Sugs. (1852) 59. 
w.Dur. 1 , Lakel. 12 , Cam. 14 Wm. Let us give and tak, BUTTON 
Bran New Work (1785) 1. 478. n.Yks. 12 * ne.Yks. 1 Tak ho'd 
on't. e.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 Introd. 42. w.Yks. 3 , Lan. 1 , n.Lan. 1 , 
ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 s.Stf. PINNOCK Blk. Cy. 
Ann. (1895). Der. 2 , nw.Der. 1 , Not. (L.C.M.), n.Lln. 1 , sw.Lin. 1 
Shr. 1 Tell John to tak the bottle to the fild. Sur. It's the traade 
loafers taks to, BICKLEY Sur. Hills (1890) I. xiii. Hmp. (H.R.) 
Dev. FORD Postle Farm (1899) 142. (u) w.Yks. 1 Tay hod on't. 
Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 123 , s.Chs. 1 Shr. 2 Tay hout on it wunne? 
(12) Cum. 1 Wm. Caan't teak a plain order? WARD Elsmere 
(1888) bk. i. iii. (13) Sc. MURRAY Dial. (1873) 208. Dor. To 
teake the bread from our mouths, HARE As We Sow (1897) 122. 
Som. Teake a drop mwore water, RAYMOND Good Souls (1901) 
318. Dev. Te-ake es tha voxes, BAIRD Sng. Sol. (1860) ii. 15. 

(14) Nhb. He might teayk a fancy tiv us, ROBSON Bk. Ruth (r86o) 
ii. 2. (15) Cum. Him wad I gladly teck, RAYSON Ballads (1858) 

4. Lan. Accrington Obs. (Feb. 2, 1895). n.Lan. 1 (s.v. Tean). 
(16) Chs. 1 (17) w.Dur. 1 n.Yks. Tha teeak trevv pains, CASTILLO 
Poems (1878) 57. (18) Cum. 1 e.Yks. FLIT & Ko Reel of No. S, 
38. Lan. Kendal News (Mar. 23, 1889). Der. I'ld tek et very 
kindly, mam, GILCHRIST Pcakland (1897) 4. Not. Tek my word 
for it, PRIOR Rente (1895) 177. n.Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 , War. 2 Brks. 
When you teks your wages, HAYDEN Round our Vill.(igoi) 28. 
Dor. Let us ... tek a walk, Windsor Mag. (Mar. 1900) 420. 
e.Dev. Tek yer aies away vrom me, PULMAN Sng. Sol. (1860) vi. 

5. (19) s.Lan. 1 (20) Nhb. Teyk heed, ROBSON Evangeline (1870) 
Introd. 8. (21) Nhb. Thou theayks a vast oh caaling on, BEWICK 
Tales (1850) 12. (22) Dor. Tik ut, my bwoy, tik ut, AGNUS Jan 
Oxber(igoo) 59. (23) Yks. Bookfolk tooneth naw heed o' what 
we do, BLACKMORE Mary Anerley (1879) xvii. (24) Lan. He 'ur 
to tyth Hoyde [to take the Hide], TIM BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. 
1808) 19. (25) Nhb. Thre bonny Sodgers, canna tyek a buzzum 
maker, DIXON Whittingham Vale (,1895) 249 ; Nhb. 1 

2. Preterite: (i) Taaike, (2) Tack, (3) Tade, (4) Taed, 
(5) Taen, (6) Taid, (7) Tak, (8) Take, (9) Taked, (10) 
Taken, (n) Tane, (12) Tayed, (13) Tayk, (14) Teaak, 

(15) Teak(k, (16) Teeak, (17) Teeak'd, (18) Tek, (19) 
Teuk, (20) Teuk't, (21) Tewk, (22) Tik, (23) Tock, (24) 
Toke, (25) Tooked, (26) Tooken, (27) Tuck, (28) Tuik, 
(29) Tuk, (30) Tuke, (31) Tyak, (32) Tyuk. 

(i) w.Yks. I went back t'next day and taaike a pair o' pincers 
wi' me, LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882) 73. (2) n.Lan. Herald'st 
dowterfand it, an tack off wi't, MORRIS Siege o' Brou' ton (1867)5. (3) 
w.Yks. They tade him aht at waiter, TOM TREDDLEHOYLE Bairns/a 
Ann. (1847)51. Shr. 2 Tade him whoam. (4) w.Yks. 3 , SbrMntrod. 
55- (5) Frf. WILLOCK Rosetty Ends (1886) 63, ed. 1889. Gall. 
(A.W.) n.Ir. We taen him intil ihe hoose, LYTTLE Paddy 
McQuillan, 92. (6) w.Yks. As if he laid hizsen for sumbody else, 
Dewsbre Olm. (1866) 5. s.Chs. 1 85. (7) Wm. She picked up the 
bits as he let 'em fall and tak 'em down, RAWNSLEY Remin, Words- 
worln (1884). w.Yks. Leeds Men. Suppl. (Oct. 29, 1898). (8) 
w.Yks. After some scruples he consented, an' take it home, CUD- 
WORTH Dial. Sketches (1884) 27. (9) Shr. 2 (10) Nhp. 1 I taken it. 
War. 2 I taken the horse to be shod, isterday. Hrf. 1 I taken it 
away ; Hrf. 2 [Amer. CARRUTH Kansas Univ. Quar. (Oct. 1892).] 
(u) Fif. My first visit . . . tane place, LATTO Tarn Bodkin (1864) ii. 
w.Yks. (J. W.), Not. 1 Lei. 1 Ah tane 'im. (12) Yks. Deeame tayed it 
varry mitch ti heart, FETHERSTON T. Goorkrodger (1870) 17, in 
Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Oct. 22, 1898). (13) Wm. (E.W.P.) (14) Cum. 
SARGISSON /oe Scoap (1881) 3. (15) Cum. 1 , n.Yks. (I.W.) w.Yks. 
Heeame he wistlin' teak his way, INGLEDEW Ballads (1860) 261. 
n.Lan. He teak an aid man up for stealing em, N. Lonsdale Mag. 
(Jan. 1867) 270. (16) Cum. GILPIN Ballads (1874) 216. n.Yks. 4 , 
ne.Yks. 1 (17) e.Yks. A sparro'-hawk . .. teeak'd lahtle thing 
away iv his claws, WRAY Nestleton (1876) 85. (18) m.Yks. 1 
Introd. 42. (19) Bnff. Syne a hearty drink we teuk. TAYLOR 
Poems (1787) 64. Nhb. She teuk the lead, BEWICK Tales (1850) 
14 ; Nhb. 1 , Cum. 3 i. Wm. Teuk the alarm, WHITEHEAD Leg. 
(1859) 7. n.Yks. 2 , ne.Yks. 1 35, e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 Introd. 42. 
w.Yks. 1 He teuk 'em . . . for round bits o' leather, ii. 300. (20) 
Cum. DICKINSON Lamplugh (1856) 5. (21) e.Yks. He tewk 
off his hat, NICHOLSON Flk. Sp. (1889) 36. (22) m.Yks. 1 Introd. 
42. (23) Cum. 3 I lock her seafheam, 39. (24) Cum. Tha toke an 
yilp like mice, N. Lonsdale Mag. (Feb. 1867) 312. Shr. 2 (s.v. 



(Juoke). (35) Dor. I be main glad as us tookt the babe to cliu'ch, 
HARE Dinah Kel/ow (1901) 22. w.Som. 1 Dev. 'Twas for the lad 
her looked the money, ZACK On Trial (1899) 247. Cor. The 
gentlefolks coined after her . . . and looked her off, BARING-GOULD 
Gavcrocks (1887) iii. (26) e.Dev. He looken off his coat, JANE 
Lordship (1897) 21. (37) Ir. I tuck his horse, Paddiana (ed. 
1848) I. 60. War. (J.R.W.), Ess. 1 (28) Sc. MURRAY Dial. 
(1873) 208. Nhb. He tiv whiskey tuik, OLIVER Local Sngs. 
(1824) 7; Nhb. 1 Cum. Tap Caldew tuik my way, ANDERSON 
Ballads (1805) 66. (29) n.Ir. A gruppit my hat an' tuk oot, LYTTLE 
Paddy McQuillan, 49. w.Ir. He tuk up the goose, LOVER Leg. 
(1848) I. 10. Cum. FARRALL Betty Wilson (,1876) 3. w.Yks. 
HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1896) 7. Lan. T'walk she tuk, HARLAND 
& WILKINSON Fit-Lore (1867) 60. s.Lan.' Der. GILCHRIST Peak- 
land (1897) 165. Brks. HUGHES Scour. White Horse (1859) vi. 
Cor. We tuk en to church, ' Q.' Three Ships (ed. 1893) 71. (30) 
Sc. (JAM.), Dur. 1 , n.Yks. (I.W.), w.Yks.* (31) Wm. Yesterday 
lie tyak his bed, CAREY Herriofs Choice (1879) II. xii. (32) Nhb. 1 

3. Pp.: (i) Taan, (2) Taed, (3) Taen, (4) Taend, (5) 
Tain, (6) Takken, (7) Tan, (8) Tane, (9) Taned, (10) 
Tayn, (n) Teanfn, (12) Teane, (13) Teean(n, (14) Teenn, 
(15) Tekken, (16) Teun, (17) Tocken, (18) Ton, (19) 
Tooan, (20) Took, (21) Tooked, (22) Tooken, (23) Tuck, 
(24) Tuk, (25) Tuke, (26) Tukkan, (27) Tune, (28; Tyen. 
(i) Cum. HUTTON Bran New Work (1785) 1. 293. w.Yks. 1 Sud 
they be taan nappin by't owerlooker, ii. 305. (a) StaMntrod. 55. 
(3) Sc. QAM.), Cal. 1 Abd. As muckle again as I've ta'en, ALEX- 
ANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) v. Slk. Ye hae taen guid care o' her, 
THOMSON Drummeldale (1901) u. N.I. 1 Nhb. He's . . . wivhim's 
taen maist aw greet folk, OLIVER Local Sngs. (1824) 6. Win. 
WHEELER Dial. (1790) 113, ed. 1821. n.Yks. 14 ne.Yks. 1 Ah've 
ta'en it. e.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 In/rod. 42. w.Yks. 13S , ne.Lan. 1 , 
e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 , Not. 1 , n.Lin. 1 , sw.Lin. 1 , Rut. 1 Nhp. 1 The 
child was ta'en ill, so I ta'en it home. Shr. 1 They'n taen that 
cowtouto' theleasow, I see. (4) Gall. MACTAGGAKT Encycl. (1824). 
(5) m.Yks. 1 fulrod. 42. w.Yks. Tain aht a these humble circum- 
stances, Shewild Ann. (1851) 6. Chs. 2 , Not. 1 , Liu. 1 (6) Wm. 
HUTTON Bran New \Vark (1785) 1. 302. n.Yks. 124 , e.Yks. 1 , s.Lan. 1 
I. Ma. Nora was that tak'n aback, RYDINGS Tales (1895) 35. Dev. 
Longmans Mag. (Feb. 1899) 335. (7) Sc. (JAM. Suppl., s.v. Ton). 
ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 Chs. Hasta tan aw tha wants? CLOUGH B. 
Bresskitlle (1879) 14. (8) Sc. (JAM. ) Or.I. To be tane and hangit be 
the craige quhill he die, PETERKIN Notes (1822) App. 33. Abd. 
He's tane the lassie by the hand, KINLOCH Ballad Bk. (1827) 9, 
ed. 1868. Cum. Dickie's tane leave at lord and master, GILFIN 
Ballads (1874) 92. w.Yks. 1 , Chs. 2 , Der. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , Not. 1 , Rut. 1 , 
Lei. 1 , War. 3 , Shr. 2 (9) Sc. The runner places his hand upon their 
heads when they are said to be taned. The game is continued 
till all are taned, CHAMBERS Pop. Rhymes (ed. 1870) 124. (10) 
Wm. En wen I gat hame, en meh seat I 'ed tayn, BLEZARD Sngs. 
(1848)18. s.Lan. 1 (n)Per. If they get me but once lean They'll 
have me down to Aberdeen, SMITH Poems (1714) 3, ed. 1853. 
Cum. 1 , Cum. 8 13, Cum., n.Yks. (W.H.), n.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 (12) 
Sc. MURRAY Dial. (1873) 208. (13) Wm. Spec. Dial. (1877) pt. i. 
9. n.Yks. 2 , e.Yks. 1 (14) Cum. 1 (15) Per. M^AULAY /nc* Maty, 
219. Wm. When t'pi war tekken oot a t'uven, RomsonAald Taales 
(1882) 9. Not. Tekken by surprise, PRIOR Forest Fib. (1901) 118. 
n.Lin. 1 se.Lin. He was tekken up last Friday (J.T.B.). Cor. I've 
tek'n 'ee back, ' Q.' Ship of Stars (1899) 227. (16) Nhb. Had teun 
his-sel off, FORSTER Sg. Sol. (1859) v - 6 - e.Dur. 1 (17) Cum. 
(E.W.P.) (18) Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) (19) ne.Lau. 1 (20) Ayr. The 
Laird from wham the Ian' was took, AINSLIE Land of Burns (ed. 
1892) 185. Ir. Ould Widdy Dempsey . . . had took up, BARLOW 
Shamrock (1901) 27. Wm. OLLIVANT Otvd Bob (1898) 14. Lan. 
I mun hate him if my little baby's took from me, SAUNDERS Abel 
Drake ( 1 862) i. s.Stf. PINNOCK Blk. Cy. Ann. (1895). Der. He's 
bcentookfro'me,GiLCHRisTPa*/<jrf(i897)73. Not.^n.Lin.^Lei [ 
Nhp. 1 , War. 23 , s.Wor. (H.K.), Glo. 1 , Oxf. 1 MS. add. Brks.HAYDEN 
Round our Vill. (1901) 87. Suf. Mr. Flindell ... has took you up in 
his gig, BETHAM-EDWARDsZ.orrfo///<m;/(i899) 155; Suf. 1 Ken. 
1 didn't ought to ha' took it now, CARR Cottage Flk. (1897) 278. 
Sur. 1 , Sus. 1 , Hmp. (H.C.M.B.), I.W." Dor. Her be that proud an' 
took up \vi' the babe, HARE Broken Arcs (1898) 215. n.Wil. 
(E.H.G.) Som. Unless that word's a-took back I'll go to once, 
RAYMOND Men o Mendip (1898) ii. Dev. He will be took, BARING- 
GOULD Furse Bloom (1899) 22. Cor. 3 [Amer. Maybe you'd been 
took prisoner, HARRIS Talcs, 164.] (21) Hrt. You've looked a 
lot o' matches, GEARY Rur. Life (1899) 48. s.Hmp. He's tookt 
hisself off for good, VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) xxix. Dor. You'd 
tookl she a traipsin', HARE Dinah Kellow (1901) 30. Som. When 

the soldiers had a-tookt my sheep, RAVMOMJ Sniuke, 69. w.Som. 1 
Dev. That there sluff what they've been and took'd dun to the 
church, Reports Provinc. (1883). Cor. They do say he's tookt et 
weth 'im, HARRIS Wheal Veor (1901) 116. [Amer. They've lookt 
it afore the hoss got it Iho', SAM SLICK Clockmaker (1836) 3rd S. 
xvi.J (22) Lnk. Poetry had ' tooken ' Johnny's brain, MURDOCH 
Readings (1895) I. 42. Yks. I've tooken a deal o' pains, DYKE 
Craiktrees (1897) 168. s.Chs. 1 Stf. T'child's tooken what he sent, 
Cornh. Mag. (.Jan. 1894) 35. n.Lin. 1 , Shr. 1 e.Dev. I should beg 
pardon, and get tooken on again, JANE Lordship (1897) 47. Cor. 
For fear I should be tooken faint like, FORFAR Penloivan (1859) ' 
(23) Don. MACMANUS Bend of Road (1898) 340. Glo. GIBBS 
Cotswold Vill. (1898) 90. (24) Lnk. MURDOCH Doric Lyre (1873) 
101. n.Ir. A had tuk an early brekfast, LYTTLE Paddy McQuillan, 
13. Dwn. As if someyin the saddle had tuk, SAVAGE-ARMSTRONG 
Ballads (1901) 301. Don. I was tuk by Willic-lhe-Wisp, MAC- 
MANUS Chim. Corners (1899) 86. Ker. If money's offered it should 
be tuk at wanst, BARTRAM White headed Boy (1898) 83. Yks. DYKE 
Craiktrees (1897) 34. I.Ma. Had to be tuk down to Ramsey for 
repairs, BROWN Yarns (1881) 23, ed. 1889. Der. GILCHRIST Pcak- 
land (1897) 81. Glo. 'E weren't tuk to the workus, Longman's 
Mag. (May 1900) 40. Brks. She wur tuk in a carriage, HAYDEN 
RoundourVill. (1901) 57. Ess. BURMESTER/OA Lot! (1901) no. 
Cor. LEE Widow Woman (1899) 56. [Amer. Ef they was a 
breastwork to be tuk, LLOYD Chronic Loafer (1901) 9.] (25) Nrf. 
SPILLING Molly Miggs (1902) 89. Dev. What's tuke'e? PHILL- 
POTTS Sons of Morning (1900) 63. (26) Cum. 1 (27) e.Dur. 1 (28) 
Nhb. But then the road's se het, it's tyen, WILSON Pitman's Pay 
(1843)3; Nhb. 1 

II. Dial. uses. 1. v. In comb, with adv. and prep. : (i) 
Take about, (a) to take care of; to make firm and secure ; 
to see to ; esp. to nurse a dying person and see to the 
funeral ; (b) to cut and house a crop ; (c) to kill and make 
an end of; (2) after, (a) to run after, pursue; (b) to 
copy, imitate ; (3) again(st, to take a dislike to ; to 
thwart ; (4) at, to resemble ; (5) away, (a) of cattle : 
to remove from pasture ; to unstock ; (b) to go fast ; to 
make straight for ; (c) to partake of food ; (d) to hide from 
view ; (e) to deprive of sensation ; (/) to take the sheaves 
from the wagoner and give them to the man who builds 
the stack ; (6) by, (a) to grieve ; to be much affected by 
any melancholy event ; (b) to put on one side or away ; 
see below ; (7) down, (a) to reduce in circumstances ; 
to lessen ; to make bankrupt ; (b) to reduce in health ; to 
emaciate; to lay low in sickness; (c) to weaken by 
dilution ; (d) to launch a boat ; (e) to take to pieces ; (/) 
to convert ; to convince of sin ; (8) for, (a) to go towards; 
(b) to be fond of ; (9) hene, to carry off by death ; (10) 
in, (a) to enclose waste land and bring it under cultiva- 
tion ; to improve land ; (b) to store ; to house cattle or 
crops ; to strip apples off a tree ; (c) to take corn into the 
barn to be threshed ; (d) of a stack : to decrease the width 
of the courses in order to form the roof ; to make concave ; 
(e) to admit water, &c. ; to leak ; (/) see (5, c) ; (g) to 
capture, subdue ; (/;) to draw in a wagon ; (i) to enter; of 
a congregation : to assemble for service ; (/) to receive 
lodgers ; (k) to get up with ; to overtake ; to get over the 
ground quickly ; (/) to accept as a member of a Dissenting 
church or of a society ; (m) to understand ; (ii) in 
about, to bring into a state of subjection ; to bring under 
proper management ; (12) in for, to defend ; 'to stand 
up (or'; (13) in o'er, to take to task; (14) in with, 
(a) to associate and become intimate with ; (b) to over- 
take ; (15) of, (a) see (4) ; (b) to deserve; to accept as 
one's deserts ; (16) off, (a) to go off hastily or furtively ; 
to abscond ; to set out on a journey or expedition ; (6) to 
leap from a mark ; (c) to separate lambs, calves, or foals 
from the mother ; to reduce the amount of milk received 
by a calf from the mother ; (d) to drink off; (e) to turn 
off; to stop ; (/) to cease work ; (g) of the weather: to 
clear up ; to cease raining or blowing ; (h) to diminish ; 
of the daylight : to shorten ; (i) to take a likeness ; to 
draw, photograph ; (/) to fail, give way, break down ; () 
to match against ; (/) to slaughter, murder ; (m) to mock, 
befool, jeer at ; () to reprove, rebuke, chide; (17) on, 
(a) to grieve, lament ; to get excited ; (b) to assume ; to 
feign, pretend; to act as a hypocrite; (c) of cattle: 



to fatten ; (d) to succeed to an inheritance or business ; to 
take charge of; (e) to begin ; (/) to buy on credit ; to get 
into debt ; (g) to enlist ; to adopt a profession, &c. : (//) to 
become attached to ; to sympathize with ; (*') to ache, be 
painful ; (j) to begin to get fuddled ; (k) to be left alone, 
to be left to oneself ; to take what may come ; (/) see 
below ; (m) see (15, b) ; (n) to engage ; (18) on with, 

(a) to engage oneself to; to consort with ; to engage ; (b) 
to like ; to be attracted by ; (19) out, (a) to receive 
payment in kind; (b) to copy; to write out; (c) see (16, d); 
(d) to go, depart ; (e) to grieve over ; (20) out from, to 
buy from ; (21) ower, to go, esp. to ascend ; (22) til, 
to like ; to take a liking for ; (23) to, (a) to shut ; (b) to 
capture, arrest ; (c) to enter on ; to take possession of ; 
(d) to serve as food ; (e) to countenance, assist ; (/) to 
adopt; (g) to attack; (/;) to marry; (i) to own, acknow- 
ledge ; to answer for the truth of anything ; to stand to 
a bargain ; (j) to scold, punish ; (k) to deceive, ' take in ' ; 
(/) to astonish ; to take by surprise ; to put out of coun- 
tenance ; (m) to detect ; (24) up, (a) to lift the coffin 
and start the funeral procession ; (b) of cream : to skim 
off; (c) of potatoes: to dig, plough up and earth down; 
(d) to clean out the ditches of water-meadows ; (e) to bind 
corn into sheaves ; (/) to take on lease ; (g) to prepare 
fish for curing or cooking; (A) to borrow; (') to take in, 
as a newspaper ; (j) to collect, gather up ; (k) to stop a 
runaway horse ; (/) see (16, g) ; (m) to improve in health 
or character ; (n) to answer shortly and hastily ; to inter- 
rupt in order to correct; to defeat in an argument; (o) 
see (19, d) ; (p) see (10, m) ; (q) to short-coat a baby ; (r) 
to begin to re-open ; (s) see (10, e) ; (25) up about, to 
interest in; to absorb; gen. in pass.; (26) up for, to 
defend ; to give surety for ; to protect, assist ; (27) up 
in, (28) up of, see (25) ; (29) upon, to take effect on ; 
to act on ; (30) up with, (a) to consort with, esp. with 
a view to matrimony ; 'to keep company with ' ; to make 
friends with ; (b) to delight, attract ; to absorb ; gen. in 
pass.; (c) to adopt as an idea; (31) with, (a) to kindle ; 
to catch fire ; (o) to please, captivate ; gen. in pass. ; (c) to 
begin to thrive after a temporary decay ; to sprout, take 
root ; (d) to acknowledge as one's own, esp. to acknow- 
ledge a child ; (e) see (23, '). 

(i, a) Sh.I. It's little a rivin' storm frichtens me whin my hoose 
is ta'en aboot, STEWART Tales (1892) 54. Buff. 1 The servan' took- 
aboot the aul' man wee a' care. Abd. They're crying out for want 
o' batter, And I maun jump ano) take about it. SIIIRREFS Poems 
(1790)332. Ags. (JAM.) (b) Bnff. 1 The corn crop wiz weel taen 
aboot this sizan. (c) S. & Ork. 1 (a, a} Cum. 1 He teakk efter 
t'hares; Cum., n.Yks. 2 , Sus. (J.S.F.S.), Hmp. (F.E.) (b) e.Yks. 1 
(3) n.Yks. (I.W.) ; n.Yks.* Ah've ta'en agaan her. ne.Yks. 1 Oor 
maastther's ta'en ageean ma. w.Yks. He allus teuk agean him 
after that, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Oct. 29, 1898). Der. First thing 
hoo did ... were to tek against children. . . Hoo couldna beer the 
seet o' other fowk's, GILCHRIST Peakland (1897) 182. (4) n.Yks. 
He tacks at me (I.W.). (5, a) w.Som. 1 Tis time they there young 
bullicks was a-tookt away, they baint doing no good. Dev. All 
stock an' cattle took'd away, An' kip'd atwum 'pon strow an' hay, 
PULMAN Sketches (1842) 49, ed. 1853. (b) n.Yks. T'dog teeak 
away efter it, TWEPDELL Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 44. Cor. The 
'ugly brute' took right away down towards the fowling-pool, 
HUNT Pop. Rom. w.Eng. (1865) 112, ed. 1896. (c) Cai. Ye maun 
be hungry, lass. Sit doun an' tak' awa', M C LENNAN Peas. Life 
(1871) II. 175. (rf) Sh.I. Doon cam a white mist 'at took awa' da 
laand, Sh. News (June 8, 1901). (e) Abd. Suddenly striken in an 
apoplexy, and his right side clean taken away, SPALDING Hist. Sc. 
(1792) I. 19. (/) n.Lin. 1 You can't git women to tak awaay upo' 
th' stack as thaay ewsed to do. (6, n) Dev. 1 Her, poor homan, 
took by upon the death of her husband, and never gooded arter, 
16. (b) Nhb. 1 ' Tyek her bye.' . . A call from the banksman to the 
breaksman, meaning that the cages are no longer required, and 
may be removed to any part of the shaft most convenient to the 
breaksman. n.Yks. Tack t'cups by (I.W.). (7, a) n Sc. (JAM ) 
Cai. 1 , Bnff. 1 , Cld. (JAM.) n.Yks. They teeak down wages (I.W.). 

(b) Sc. He's sair tane doun wi' that host (JAM.). Cai. 1 , Bnff. 1 
Per. Gude grant he bena ta'en doon wi' a fivver on the tap o't, 
CLELAND Inchbracken (1883) i4, ed. 1887. Cld. (JAM.) Gall! 
Feed onybuddy on bear-meal and buttermilk, an' it'll tak them 
doon, SAXON Gall. Gossip (1878) 64. w. ifks. (J.W.) Lan. She wur 

takken doun a weeksin', BURNETT HawortWs (1887) xl. (c)Sc.^A.W.) 
(d) ne.Sc. Not so many years ago the launching or ' takin' doon ' 
was invariably accomplished by the fishermen themselves turning 
out in scores or hundreds. ' The hail toon is requestit to turn oot 
eynoo to tak' doon the boats at Futtrit-neuk,' GREEN Gordonhaven 
(1887) 31. (e) Frf. It's naething ava' the takin'-doon o' a clock . . . 
an' Meggie's a din-makin' body to raise sic a sang aboot takin' 
her doon, MACKENZIE N. Pine (1897) 146. (/) Cor. 3 John Smith 
preached up to Wesley las' night. There was one or two took 
down, I hear. (8, a) Hrf. 2 The fox took for Westhide Wood. (b) 
I.W. 2 He takes vor that bwoy terribly, now his mother's dead. 
(9) e.Dev. The early days before the taking hence of brother John, 
JANE Lordship (1897) 99. (10, a) Bnff. 1 Frf. 'Taking in' in the 
dialect of the Mearns means really ' breaking up ' moorland for 
the first time, INGLIS Ain Flk. (1895) 78. s.Sc. The moor and 
the moss they hae a' ta'en in, WATSON Bards (1859) 5. n.Yks. 
He teeak in a entack (I.W.). w.Yks. A gardin taen in is mall 
sister, LITTLEDALE Sng. Sol. (1859) v. 12. Chs. 1 Dor. All thik 
land wur our common as you took't in, HARE Broken Arcs (1898) 
100. w.Som. 1 (b) Bnff. 1 We took-in twa rucks. He's oot at the 
tackan-in o' the nout. w.Som. 1 Mr. Bird've a-tookt en all his 
apples, (c) Sc. (A.W.) Sli.I. Da girsie corn aft" o' da sooth ditches 
. . . hit's a bit skrOvlin, an" '11 be da first taen in, Sh. News (Oct. 20, 
1900). Brks. 1 w.Som. 1 We be g wain to take in a whaiten rick 
to-morrow, (d) Sc. (A.W.) n.Yks. Tack t'stack in a bit (I.W.). 
s.Not. Y'uv begun to tek in too soon ; yer vvaint get all the stuff 
on the stack (J.P.K.). (e) Sc. That boat taks in water QAM.). 
Cat. 1 Ayr. The thatch took in the rain an' all that was vile, Cent. 
Mag. (Sept. 1883) 755. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) (/)Dev. (g) Abd. 
The estates . . . directed the earls of Montrose and Kinghorn to go 
to the place of Airly, and to take in the same, SPALDING Hist. Sc. 
(1792)1.228. nw.Der. 1 (A)Hmp. (H.R.) (i) Sc. The church takes 
in at twal'hoors, WRIGHT Sc.Life (1897)59. Lnk. (JAM.) n.Yks. 2 
He teuk in. [Amer. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 50.] (j) s.Not. P'raps 
Mrs. Smith might accommodate you for a night or two ; she takes 
in. She thinks to addle a little with tekkin in (J.P.K.). (k) Sc. 
(JAM.) Abd. Right cheerfully the road they did tak in, An' thought 
that night to their tryst's end to win, Ross Helenore (1768) 86, ed. 
1812. (1) n.Yks. They teak her in when ower awd (I.W.). 
w.Yks. (S.K.C.) (m) n.Yks. He didn't tack me in (I.W.). (u) 
Sc. (JAM.) (12) Sh.I. A'm no gaun ta tak 1 in fur da dog sae far, 
Sh. News (Nov. 20, 1897). (13) Sc. (JAM.) (14, a) Cld. (ib.) (b) 
N.I. 1 You'll soon take in with him. (15) Sc. He disna tak o' his 
father, who was a gude worthy man (JAM.). Cai. 1 (4) Bnff. 1 He's 
lost the maist o's siller ; he can tack o't, for it didna cum in an 
honest wye. (16, a) Sc. Noo, I maun tak aff hame (JAM. Suppl.). 
Ayr. Then homeward all take off their sev'ral way, BURNS Cotter's 
Sat. Night (1785) st. 18. Ir. If iver I do aught to disoblige it, off 
it takes, BARLOW Martin's Comp. (1896) 114. N.I. 1 Nhb. The 
horse took off at a rapid pace, RICHARDSON Borderer's Table bk. 
(1846) V. 354 ; Nhb. 1 Cum. 1 If he doesn't pay his debts he'll hev 
to tak hissel off or lang ; Cum. 4 Wm. We teuk off, SOUTHEY 
Doctor (1848) 559. n.Yks. 1 ne.Yks. 1 He went ti pleeace ; bud 
afoor a week was owered he teeak off. e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 Lan. 
The bwoath tuk off up stears, SCHOLES Tim Gamwattle (1857) 23. 
s.Not. Yer can tek off; y'are not wanted 'ere (J.P.K.). n.Lin. 
He teks off to look fer his hook, PEACOCK Tales and Rhymes 
(1886) 66. sw.Lin. 1 Shr. 1 As soon as the Bobby shewned up yo" 
shoulden a sin 'ow they tooken off. (b) War. 2 Take off, taw. 
(c) n.Yks. We've lean t'cow off ti milk her yance a day. We've 
lean t'cauf off ti yah feed a day (I.W.). n.Lin. 1 (d) Sc. (JAM. 
Suppl.) Abd. Tak off your dram, Dominie, RUDDIMAN Sc. Parish 
(1828) 33, ed. 1889. Per. Tak' off your glasses a', SPENCE Poems 
(1898) 73. Lnk. BLACK Falls of Clyde (1806) 174. (e) Sc. To tak 
aff the mill QAM. Suppl.). (/) s.Not. He'll dig mappen a few 
yards an' then tek off for a hour or two (J.P.K.). (g) Sc. The 
rain is taking off (A.W.). Sh.I. Whan is dis gales an' sleet gaein' 
ta tak' aff? S/t. News (Jan. 27, 1900). Cai. 1 (h) Nhb. 1 , n.Yks. 
(I.W.), n.Yks. 2 e.Yks. 1 Days begin ti tak-off. Cor. As the tides 
would 'take off' he didn't blame them, HARRIS Our Cove (1900) 
148. (<) Som. Volks never didn live long arter they be a-tookt 
off, ELWORTHY Evil Eye (1895) 86. w.Som. 1 Father bin a-tookt 
off, but 'tidn a bit like'n. Dor. He took off the church, BARNES 

Thomas, John, or William, are ranged on one side, those of any 
other Christian name on the other, HUNT Pop. Rom. w.Eng. 




(1865) 400, cd. 1896. (/) Edb. You were in the house at the time 
of his taking off, BEATTY Sccretar (1897) 266. (>) Sc. QAM.), 
S. & Ork. 1 , Bnff. 1 () Dor. He took en off, so quick, BARNES Gl. 
(1863). (17, a) Sc. John took on very ill about it, WHITEHEAD 
Daft Davie (1876) 269, ed. 1894. Sh.I. He's wirkin an' takin on 
lack a dog i' da feerie, Sh. News (Nov. 24, 1900). Cal. 1 e.Sc. 
Dinna tak" on like that, SETOUN R. Urquhart (1896) xxiii. 
Per. Dinna tak on like this. Drum, IAN MACLAREN Auld Lang 
Syne (1895) 156. Nhb. Divvent take on like that, LILBURN 
Borderer (1896) 335; Nhb. 1 , Cum. 14 n.Yks. 2 A whent takking 
on about it ; n.Yks. 4 He did tak on when he gat ti knaw. 
ne.Yks. 1 Whisht, honey ; thoo maun't tak on leyke that. e.Yks. 1 
Decant tak-on seeah ; it'll all cum reel iv end. w.Yks. Dunnot 
tak' on, father, SNOWDEN Tales Wolds (1893) vii. Lan. 1 Tlia 
munnot tak-on o' thattens tha'll only mak thiscll ill. s.Lan. 1 , 
Chs. 1 , Stf. 1 Der. 2 Hur ta'es on so. Not. 1 ; Not. 2 It's no use 
takin' on about it. n.Lln. 1 She'll tak' on tremendious if iv'ry 
thing is n't just dun to suit her. Lei. 1 , Nhp. 1 , War. 2 Shr. 1 'Er 
took on sadly w'en a toud'n 'er as Yedut wuz djed (s.v. On). 
Oxf.'.Brks. 1 Bdf. WARD Bessie Costrcll ( 1895) 84. Hnt. (T.P.F.), 
e.An. 1 Cmb. 1 Don't take on so about him. Nrf. (E.M.) Suf. 1 'A 
take on wemmently. Ess. I earn bear you taikin' on, DOWNE 
Ballads (1895) 41. Ken. He took on for a bit, Longman's Mag. 
(July 1891) 272. Hmp. He do take on so (H.C.M.B.). Wil. Her 
took on ter'ble 'bout th' onld zow a-dyin* (G.E.D.). Dor. Don't 
'ee take on, Susie, my dear. There don't 'ee cry, FRANCIS 
Pastorals (1901) 50. w.Som. 1 Dev. You was struck all of a heap, 
and took on terrible, BARING-GOULD Furze Bloom (1899) no; 
Dev. 1 Cor. He says nothing, but takes on, 'Q.' Three Ships (ed. 
1892) 118. [Amer. It took on so they took it off, LOWELL Biglow 
Papers (1848) 118.] (6) w.Yks. 1 Shr. 1 ' 'Er took on as *er wuz 
mighty bad." ' 'E took on 'im soft.' ' To take on soft ' is to 
assume an air of hopeless stupidity (s.v. On). Hrf. 2 (c) Sc. 
Thai stots are fast takin on (JAM.). (</) Sh.I. A'm no sae auld 
lest no auld aneugh to tak' on a hoos, Sh. News (May 25, 1901 \ 
Abd. There's sorrow in the mansion, an' the lady that takes on Is 
young to hae sae muckle on her han', MURRAY Hameivilh (1900) 
25. (e) Sc. Rosmer hame frae Zealand came, And he took on to 
bann, JAMIESON Pop. Ballads (1806) I. 215. (/) Sc. (JAM.) Flf. 
To get into debt was to tak on, COLVILLE Vernacular (1899) 18. 
Edb. Thae wha shine \Vi" unpaid feasts and ta'cn on wine, MAC - 
NEILL Bygane Times (1811) 8. (g) Sc. (JAM.) ; To take on for a 
soldier, Monthly Mag. (1798) II. 436. Abd. To be sogcrs do 
take on, ANDERSON Poems (ed. 1826) 70. Wxf. And get a 
protection for having taken on as a true Catholic, BAKRINGTON 
Sketches (1830) III. xx. e.An. 1 (h) Nhb. 1 Bella an' him's tycn 
on. n.Yks. 2 w.Yks. 1 To tack on him. (i) e.An. 1 Nrf. My 
rheumatics dew take on (E.M.); My missus ha' scrushcd her 
little finger, it finely ache and take on, COZENS-HARDY Broad Nrf, 
(1893^ 74. (_/ ) Sc. (JAM.) (k) Sh.I. We stickit hir [a boat] att far 
enough, an' he's [it's] ebbin', so lat her tak' on, Sh. News (July 3, 
l8 97) ; (J-S.) (/) n.Sc. He'll tak' on to the town loan Fan she takes 
on her fickie fickie, BUCHAN Ballads (1828) I. 250, ed. 1875. (m) 
Bnff. 1 () w.Yks. (J-W.) Cor. I took on a new servant yesterday 
(M.A.C.) ; Cor. 3 Carriers attend and offer prices for work, the 
lowest being taken on, i.e. engaged. Driving ends, excavating, 
&c. are let in the same way, the men who will do it for least 
per fathom being taken on. (18, a) Cal. Engaged her to take on 
with him, ANDREWS Bygone Ch. Life (1899) 180. n.Yks. 14 , 
ne.Yks.' w.Yks. 1 Shoe'l tack on wi ony body. Oxf. I won't 
take on with that job at any price (G.O.). Suf. I'd like to see 
myself a takin' on with you chaps, BETHAM- EDWARDS Mock 
Beggars' Hall (1902) 148. Dor. The widow Fiander be a-takin' 
on wi' the new love before she is off wi' the old, FRANCIS Fiander s 
Widow (1901) pt. ii. vii. (i) n.Ir. She wur terbly taen on wi' 
M'Gurk, LYTTLE Paddy McQuillan, 93. N.I. 1 They're greatly 
taken on with him. (19, a) Ayr. I had to content mysel' with 
takin't oot in fother for my horse, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 
121. w.Yks. (J.W.), Oxf. (G.O.) w.Som. 1 I zells my butter to 

Mr. into shop; but I baint gwain to no longer, cause I never 

can't get]no money, [I am] always forced to take it out. (6) w.Yks. 1 , 
Nhp. 1 War. 3 Take out those accounts from the day book and let 
me see them. w.Som. 1 Take out Mrs. Jones's bill to once. (c)Kcd. 
Bids them a' 'tak'oot their drams, 'GRANT Lays(i88^) 71. Rnf.Tak" 
out yer toothfu', CLARK Rhymes (1842) 20. (d) Don. Phelim tuk 
out to the fair, Pearson's Mag. (May 1900) 478. n.Yks. 2 (e) Wm. 
Kitty took it [her lover's death] terribly out, BRIGGS Remains 
(1825) 57. (20) Abd. Ye never saw sic trash : to tak it out frae 

- M But troth we'll need to gie him o'er, He's really sic 

a fash, BEATTIE Parings (1801) 31, ed. 1873. (21) Cum. 4 It teukk 
o wer be t'Cleugh-gill, DICKINSON Lamplugh ( 1 856) 6. w. Yks. (J .W.) 

(22) Sc. (A.W.), n.Yks. 1 , ne.Yks. w.Yks. Ah hevn't ta'cn tul 't 
yit, onyhah, Leeds Merc. Sitftpl. (Nov. 5, 1898). (23, a) Sh.I. Da 
strangers rose an' gied oot, takin' to da door efter dem, OLLASON 
Mareel (1901) 84. Abd. Fan yer throu' jist tak' ye tec the yettie 
ahin ye, ALEXANDER Ain Flk. (1882) 83. (6; Shr. 2 The bum took 
to him clos agen the Bridge, (c) War. 2 We shall take to the other 
house next week. Shr. 1 "E'll tak to the farm at Lady Day; 
Shr. 2 Tak to it as nest Newyus day. w.Som. 1 'Tis all a-signcd 
'bout takin 1 o' the farm : but they baint gwain to take to 'im 'gin 
Lady-day, (d) w.Yks. 3 He's nowt to tak to. s.Lan. 1 They 
hannot getten mitch to tak' to, 39. Suf. Give me something to 
take to (C.L.F.). Ess. I haven't enough to take to (S.P.H.). (t) 
n.Yks. 2 They teuk tiv him. (/) War. 2 I'm gooin' to tek to 
Sarah's little boy, now the father's dead. Shr. 1 Uncle Ben said 
Vd take to one ; an' then the three others tooken to the rest. 
Glo. Very good it wur o' the parson to take to the child, 
BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn (1890) ii. w.Som. 1 Her know'd 'twadn 
'er own calve, and 'er never widn take to un. (g) w.Cy. GROSE 
(1790). (h) Shr. 2 He had her afore I took to her. (i) n.Cy. 
GROSE (1790) MS. add. (P.) n.Yks. (I.W.I w.Yks. Aye, Ah'll 
tak' to that, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (July i, 1889) ; w.Yks. 1 , Nhp. 1 , 
Hnt. (T.P.F.) (/) Not. 1 Lei. 1 Nivver wur so took-to in all my 
loife. (k) Nhp. 2 A's got took-to finely with them ship a bote this 
marnin. (I) Lan. He'll be takken to when he comes a-whoam ! 
He'll scarce know what to think on't, Longman's Mag. (1896) 262. 
Chs. Th' sheep stealin gawfin were just as much takken to as 
aw were, CROSTON Enoch Cnimp (1887) 15. s.Chs. 1 Ahy woz 
too'kn too wen ahy seed im ston'din (it)th detour, un mey thingk'in 
6e wuz i Liverpool au- dhu weyl. s.Stf. He was soo took tu at 
seein' her, he hadner a word to say, PINNOCK Blk. Cy. Ann. 
(1895). War. 2 ; War. 3 I never was so took to. Shr. 1 I never 
wuz so took to in all my life w'en I 'card they wun gwun clane 
away. Glo. 1 Oxf. 1 MS. add. Sur. 1 Sus. 1 I was quite took-to 
when you come in. I.W. 2 I thought he'd be took to zomewhen 
or nother. Dor. 1 He's a-took-to at laste then, (m) Dev. You 
was took-to, young feller, PULMAN Sketches (1842) 150, ed. 1871. 
(24, a) w.Yks. I wer bidden, an they wer to take up at three 
(A.C.). (A) Cor. (M.A.C.) ; The basin of clotted cream, which 
had been ' taken up' with unusual care, HUNT Pop. Rom. w.Eng. 
(1865) 375, ed. 1896 ; Cor. 3 We scald our cream so that it rises in 
a thick solid mass at the top of the pan. It is a great point to 
take this up in a neat unbroken piece to fit the basin in which 
it is served at table. It is done with a special skimmer, thin, flat, 
round, and perforated, (c) se.Lln. (J.T.B.) (d) Dor. It was the 
season for 'taking up' the meadows, HARDY Tess (1891) 253, ed. 
1895; (C.V.G.) (e) s.Not. Bill's tekkin up for Mester Brown 
(J.P.K.). (f~) Som. I aimed to gie up a-working undergroun" 
an" take up a bit o' Ian', maybe, an' live out in the light, 
RAYMOND Men o' Mendip (1898) ix. [Aus. We want it took up 
on a proper lease, Longman's Mag. (Nov. 1901) 17.] (g} S. & 
Ork. 1 (h) ne.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 s.Chs. 1 Dhi aad-n taak- up d ruk & 
miin'i wen dhi wen-tn tfl)th plai's, un dhur)z fi daayt iv dhi)n 
got-n streyt yet. Wil. He was obliged ... to ' take up ' i.e. to 
borrow a thousand pounds, JEFFERIES Hodge (1880) I. 65. (i) 
w.Som. 1 We've a tookt up the Magnet 'is tain year. (/) Kcd. He 
got a beggin' paper drawn . . . An" took a soud o' siller up, 
GRANT Lays (1884) 9- (*) Snf.l (1) Sh.I. He's [it's] takin 1 him 
up i' da wadder, SA. News (Oct. 16, 1897). Gall. The weather's 
taking up now, For yonder is the weather-gaw, MACTAGGART 
Encycl. (1824) 468, ed. 1876. Nhb. 1 Lakel. 2 Ah wish t'wedder 
wad tak up. Cnm. 2 ; Cum. 4 It'll seun tak up, for't wind's gaan 
roond. n.Yks. 12 ; n.Yks. 4 If it dizn't tak up seean, t'hay 'II be 
nut wo'th leading. e.Yks. 1 We've had a lang spell o' wet, bud 
weather seems H be takkin up noo. w.Yks. 2 ne.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , 
Chs. 13 , Stf. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , Not. 1 n.Lin. 1 It raain'd iv'ry daay e' 
Maay-munth, but when Jewne cum'd it took up. Rut. 1 Lei. 1 It 
lukes loike tekkin oop fur a frosst. Nhp. 1 If, after a thaw, there 
is an appearance of renewed frost, it is said, ' The frost will not go 
yet, it will take up again.' War. 2 Shr., Hrf. BOUND Provinc. 
(1876). Hnt(T.P.F.), Ess. 1 , Wil. 1 Dor. It be a-goin to take up 
to-night, FRANCIS Fiander s Widow (1901) pt. I. x. (m) Per. 
Gin ye dinna tak yersel' up, she'll ne'er be yours ava ! CLELAND 
Inchbracken (1883) 343, ed. 1887. Wgt. Awake tae a sense o' yer 
shame; Tak' up, and ye'll soon get anither bit hame, FRASER 
Poems (1885) 143. Don. Isn't it the rammed shame for ye, ye 
oul' grey-headed reprobate, . . that ye wouldn't think of takin' 
yerself up ? MACMANUS Bend of Road (1898) 328. n.Yks. 1 He's 
nobbud bin a ragally chap ; bud mebbe he'll tak' oop yet ; n.Yks. 24 , 
Chs. 3 , nw.Der. 1 s.Not. P'raps she'll tek up a bit now it's warmer 
(J.P.K.). Snf. 1 Ah yah 'a mah take up binebine tha's no woo in 
'em as yit. () Sc. (A.W.) w.Yks. He's allus takin' me up i' mi talk 




(S.K.C.) ; To take one up in an argument is to beat them therein; 
also to remind them especially of something of an unpleasant 
character. ' Ah'd a goa at him on t'Reights o' Woman, an' then 
Ah teuk him up abaht t'Local Veto,' Leeds Merc. Suppl. (July 8, 
1899). War. 2 Shr. 1 Well, yo' nee'na tak' one up so sharp, 
jest gi'e a body time to spake. Yo' louden the paas'n wrang, 
Molly but I didna like to tak yo' up afore 'im. w.Som. 1 Well, 
you no 'casion vor to take anybody up so short ; you mid harky gin 
anybody 've a-zaid what they got to zay. (o) Lan. They'd taen 
up th moorside, WAUGH Heather (ed. Milner) I. 40. sw.Lin. 
He took up the street as hard as he could go. (/>) Sc. I gied him 
several hints, but he coudna, or woudna, tak me up (JAM.). 
s.Sc. Ye had juist taen up the tale wrang, WILSON Tales (1839) 
V 55. (?) Oxf.i MS. add. (r) Abd. Aw hear the skweel s takm 
up neist week, Abd. Wkly. Free Press (Nov. i, 1902). (s) Nrf. 
' Dew she [a wherry] take up much, Breezer?' ' She dew suck 
a little juice inter her 'tween wind and water,' Longman's Mag. 
(Nov. 1902) 42. (25) Sc. He's just real taken up about the 
lad KEITH Lisbeth (1894) vi. Sh.I. He wis awfil taen up aboot 
his midder, Sh. News (Oct. 20, 1900). Frf. I dinna care to 
mention it, but the neighbours is nat'rally taen up aboot it, BARRIE 
Thrums (1889) vii. (26) w.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 Cor. When John 
come home, like a husband always should, he took up for his 
wife, HUNT/V. Rom. w.Eng. (1865) 318, ed. 1896. (27) s.Dev. 
They'm powerful took up in them pickters, Longmans Mag. 
(1901) 44. (28) s.Wor. A wuz allus took up ov 'em [bees], 
Vig. Man. in Berrow's Jm. (Oct. 1897). (29) Lnk. It took 
upon her hameart heart, An' she begoud to spew, MURDOCH 
Doric Lyre (1873) 53. (30, a) Sc. (JAM.) Sh.I. Takkin' up wi 

<_ . s **" .. . . , , j-i _ n n\ w*^ f 1XT1 -. ,*,,-, 

SPENCE Poems (1898) 184. Ayr. Grannie Dickson, the howdie, 
who had ta'en up with him in his younger days, SERVICE Dr. 
Duguid (ed. 1887) 113. Gall. To tak' up wi' a silly partan o' a 
bairn like this, CROCKETT A. Mark (1899) xx. Ir. She's very apt 
to ha' took up wid somebody else, BARLOW East unto West (1898) 
193. Uls. He'll be taking up with some one else before the 
("marriage] day, HAMILTON Bog (1896) n. Cum. 3 Does t'e think 
I'll tak up wid Ann Dixon's oald sheun? 41; Cum. 4 n.Yks. 4 
He'll tak up wi' onny lass. e.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. (J.W.) Der. Hoo 
tuk up wi' th' chap fro' Gressbrook Dale, GILCHRIST Peakland 
(1897) 165. Not. 1 n.Lin. 1 Why, squire, I niver thoht as you'd 
hev taa'en up wi' him. Lei. 1 , War. 3 s.Wal. If Johnnie George 
hadn't took up with me, Longman's Mag. (Dec. 1899) 144. Oxf. 
She'll take up with any new face (G.O.). Brks. Jim be wunnerful 
changed sence a took up wi' they, HAYDEN Round our Vitt. 
(1901) 168. Ken. I'd as lief see her take up with him as with 
any one, Longman's Mag. (Feb. 1897) 377. Dor. He's took up 
wi' Rosie now, has he? FRANCIS Pastorals (1901) 269. Som. 
I've never been able to please ee since you took up wi' her so 
thick, RAYMOND Men o' Mendip (1898) viii. w.Som. 1 Cor. The 
giant's last wife . . . thought it the wisest course to ' take up ' at 
once with Tom, HUNT Pop. Rom. w.Eng. (1865) 59, ed. 1896. 
[Amer. It can't be you're thinking of taking up with David Prince ? 
Cent. Mag. (Oct. 1882) 827.] (b) e.Sc. He began to look at Beauty, 
an' it was plain he was gey taen up wi' her, STRAIN Elmslie's 
Drag-net (1900) 21. Per. It's thriving weel, its leaves is green, 
and it's like to be a paying crop wi' fruit, and he's fair ta'en up 
wi' it, Sandy Scott (1897) 31. Fif. Some o' us is that ta'en up 
wi' oor particklar kirk, we fair forget our neebour ! HEDDLE 
Marget (1899) 4. Ir. He'd be apt to ha' tuk up wid somebody 
else and let your lesson pass, BARLOW Ghost-bereft (1901) 88. 
n.Yks. He was sair teean up wi' t'presents (I.W.). w.Yks. (J.W.) 
Lan. Aw'm most takken up wi these styem engines, CLEGG 
David's Loom (1894) ii. Lei. 1 A's that took up wi' them crowlin" 
things. War. 3 s.Wor. He was quite took up 'uv my John, 
PORSON Quaint Wds. (1875) 10. Brks. The young 'uns be so 
took up wi' one another, HAYDEN Thatched Cottage (1902) 193. 
Ken. I never see a girl so took up with a chap as she was with 
him, Longman's Mag. (July 1891) 268. Dor. They be all took up 
wi' theirselves never a thought for we, Cornh. Mag. (Sept. 1900) 
311. Som. I can't think why you be so much a-tookt up wi' 
he! RAYMOND Sam and Sabina (1894) xii. w.Som. 1 Our Jim's 
terr'ble a-tookt up way raidin. Dev. You're terrible took up wi 
my brother Tom, BARING-GOULD Idylls (1896) 222. (c\ Ir. Ne'er 
a raisonable body'd ever ha' took up wid the notion of livin' that 
a-way, BARLOW Shamrock (1901) 38. (31, a) Sc. The kill tool 
low, and the mill likewise took wi't, Steamboat (1822) 347 (JAM.) 
(b) Sc. I didna tak wi' him (JAM.). Cld. (16.) Ayr. Nanny Fulton 
was so ta'en with the sturdy reaver,.SERvicE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887 

e. Yks. Jack seems to be takken wi Smith lass (R.S.). w.Yks. 

fha'rt ower ta'en wi' thi' fancy man, SNOWDEN Tales Wolds (1893) 
vii n.Lan. T'auld body was takken wi' a bit o' finery, WILSON 
Bacca Queen (1901) 14. Chs. Chs. N. V Q. (1881) I. 173 ; Chs.i 
Aw'm no ta'en wi' him, aw con tell the. Der. Took wi a devil s 
fine cloathes an' rings, GILCHRIST Milton (1902) 16. Dor. First he 
re quite took wi' the notion, FRANCIS Fiander's Widow (1901) 
ii. iii. Dev. I beant a bwoy no longer, tu be takken wi' a 
show, Longman's Mag. (Feb. 1899) 335. (0 Sc. It is said that 
corn has not ' tane wi' ' when it has not sprung up ; a tree is said 

o be beginning to 'tak' wi" when it begins to take root (JAM.). 

d) n.Sc. Nabody's taen wi' that buke yet (ib.). Abd. Now that 
jie child was born, Jock . . . desired to know articulately from the 
man himself whether he was to tak' wi"t an' pay for't, ALEXANDER 
Ain Fit. (1882) 221. Per. She having sworn that it was his only, 

ic took with the bairn, MAIDMENT Spotliswoode Miscell. (1844-5) 

1. 248. Lnk. No even your bystarts to my bairn, for he'll ne'er 
ak wi"t, GRAHAM Writings (1883) II. 18. (e) Sc. I was not 

drunk ; I'll no tak wi' that (JAM.). Per. ' Will ye tak' wi' 't then?' 
asked the keeper. ' I maun,' said Tarn, HALIBURTON Furth in 
Field (1894) 85. 

2. Comb, (i) Take-away, a capacity for eating ; an 
appetite ; (2) -bannets, a game ; see below ; (3) -off, (a) 
a satirical valentine ; (b) a mimic ; a satirist ; a punster ; 

4) -on, a woman living with a man who is not her hus- 
Dand; (5) -up, (a) a boy's leather 'sucker' (q.v.) ; -(b) 
a tuck. 

(r) w.Yks. 1 Ournewsarvant's a good tack-away. s.Chs. 1 Ee)z 
u rae-r taak--uwee', aan-i-aay ; tin sey dhu mee-t uz ee put aayt u 
seyt tit siip-tir, yti)d thingk- ee)d bin tlemt fur ti fau-rtnit. Nhp. 1 
Our servant has got a famous tack-away. War. 2 That lad's got a 
pretty good take away ; War. 3 He has a fairly good take-away. 
Shr. 1 That chap's a rar' tak-away, 'e etc two cantle o' suppin' fur 
'is supper, an' a great lownder o' bread an' cheese. (2) Knr. A 
jame in which wads or pledges are deposited on both sides, which 
are generally bonnets ; and the gaining party is that which carries 
off, one by one, all the wads belonging to that opposed to it (JAM.). 
(3, a) s.Not. She hed three vollentines, but they were all tek-offs 
(J.P.K ). (b) Sc. QAM.) N.I. 1 Dear! but you're a sore take off. 
Cum. 1 *, n.Yks. 12 e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.) (4) Cum. (E.W.P.) 
(5, a) Lan. Leathern 'tak'-ups ' for sucking up stones, BRIERLEY 
Cast upon World (1886) i. s.Lan. 1 We'n stick true to t'other like 
a tak'-up to a dur-flag, 32. (6) Dmf., Gall. (JAM.) 

3. Phr. (i) be taen dem who, laiks, whoever may have 
taken them ; (2) to be ill taken, to be anxious, disturbed, or 
mentally upset ; (3) taken (away, to die ; (4) back, to 
be taken aback, to be surprised, startled ; (5) bad or 
badly, to be taken ill ; (6) by the face, to be put to the 
blush ; (7) for death, to be seized with a mortal illness ; 
(8) off, see (3) ; (9) on one, to be taken from one by 
death ; (10) to the door, to be taken by surprise ; (ii) 
worse, to be suddenly seized with illness ; (12) to be well 
taken out or (up) with, to be popular; to receive much 
attention; (13) to take a bite, to partake of food; (14) a 
breath, to recover one's breath; (15) a Burford bait, to 
make a greedy meal ; (16) a draw of one's pipe, to 
smoke ; see Draw, 36 ; (17) a heave, a tin-mining term : 
to lose the trace of a vein of metal by the shifting of the 
earth ; (18) a person, to take a person's bet ; (19) a 
prayer, to offer up a prayer ; (20) a spot, to take a situa- 
tion; (21) a talking to, to rebuke severely; (22) - 
amends of, to punish ; (23) bad, to take ill ; (24) badly 
with, to dislike, to get on badly in work, &c. ; (25) bite 
and sup, see (13) ; (26) boggart or the boggart, to take 
fright ; used esp. of animals ; (27) by the hand, to 
patronize, assist ; to marry ; see Hand, 2 a (44) ; (28) 
by the head, to intoxicate ; (29) by the heart, (a) to gain 
the affections ; (b) to affect ; to overcome by emotion ; 
(30) by the large, to take as a whole ; (31) company, to 
walk out together when courting; to 'keep company'; 
(32) count of, to pay heed to, to regard ; (33) day 
about, to work on alternate days ; see Day-aboot, s.v. 
Day, 1 (i) ; (34) ease, to be quiet ; (35) fat, to take 
offence ; (36) fear, see below ; (37) foot or one's feet, 
to take one's departure, to make off; (38) from a per- 
son, to inherit from a person, to derive by heredity ; (39) 
good-bye, good-night, &c. of or with, to say good-bye, 
&c. to ; (40) harm, to suffer harm; (41) hold, (a) to 



undertake an office, &c. ; to help in any work or duty ; 
(b) to catch fire ; (42) hold on, (a) to cause pain or 
illness ; to move ; to affect painfully ; (b) of the soil : to 
exhaust ; (43) ill, see (5) ; (44) ill with, see (24) ; (45) 

in one's own hand, obs., to make free with ; to use no 
ceremony with ; (46) in over one's chair and sit down, 
see below ; (47) in the preacher, see below ; (48) it 
favourable, to take it as a favour ; (49) it ill out, to take 
offence ; (50) ;'/ to do, (a) to take it in earnest ; (b) see 
below ; (51) it lul oneself, to accept an innuendo ; (52) 
;'/ with a finger, see below ; (53) joy, to be pleased ; 
(54) law on, to take legal measures against ; see Law, 
so. 1 2 (10) ; (55) neigltbourhood, to accept assistance; 
(56) nicks at, to take aim at ; (57) occasion of, to take 
advantage of; to befool ; (58) off a person, see (38) ; (59) 

off of one's feet, see (37) ; (60) on hand, to undertake ; 
(61) one, to be necessary for one ; to require an effort 
for one ; (62) one above the knee, &c., of water : to reach 
above the knee, &c. ; (63) one in over, to call to account ; 
to bring to trial ; (64) one in the head, of an idea, &c. : 
to come into one's head ; (65) one till, to try one's hand 
at anything; to begin upon a job ; to exert oneself, make 
an effort ; (66) one to the knees, c., see (62) ; (67) one 
with, to require from one ; (68) one's bag of bones home, 
to depart, ' get out ' ; (69) one's bed or the bed, to go to 
bed, esp. on account of illness ; (70) one's breath, to 
deprive of breath; (71) one's civil, to take one's 
departure without ceremony ; see Civil, 1 ; (72) one's 
death, to be seized with a mortal illness ; to expose one- 
self to death ; (73) one's eye, to meet the gaze of one ; 

(74) one's (fair) end at a person, to be amused at him ; 

(75) one's fling, to do as one likes ; (76) one's fun off 
a person, see (74) ; (77) one's hands off, to decline or 
repudiate a bargain ; (78) one's hurry, to take one's 
time ; to wait ; (79) one's kite, see (37) ; (80) one's 
length, to stretch out at full length ; (81) one's pumps off, 
to lay aside all restraint ; (82) one's purpose, to do as one 
thinks fit; (83) one's push, to go away; (84) one's 
wind, (a) see (70); (b) see (14) ; (85) oneself (again, (a) 
to correct one's language ; to recall what one has begun 
to say; (b) to bethink oneself; to recollect something 
which induces a sudden change of conduct ; (86) one- 
self out of a society, to leave a society ; (87) order for, to 
provide for or against ; (88) over short, to take up one's 
words too severely; (89) rheumatics, to get rheumatism ; 
(90) scathe, see (40) ; (91) sick, see (5) ; (92) - 
strength, to regain strength ; (93) that way, to behave in 
a certain way ; (94) the air, (a) to go out for an airing ; 
(b) of frost : to turn to rain ; (95) the better of, to get the 
better of; to cheat; (96) the Book (up, to hold family 
prayers ; (97) the cow, to lose heart ; (98) the door, (a) 
to shut the door ; (b) see (68) ; cf. Door, sb. 2 (9) ; (99) 
the door over one's head, to leave a room ; (100) the floor, 
(a) to stand up ready to dance ; (b) to walk ; (c) a skittle- 
playing term : see below; (101) the foot, of a child: to 
begin to walk; (102) the frunls, see (35); (103) the 
gap, to yield, to give in; to beat a retreat; (104) the 
hunger, to become hungry ; (105) the lanes, to rent the 
right of grazing the highways and by-lanes of the sur- 
veyors of highways ; (106) the nearest, to take the 
shortest way ; (107) me pot, obs., to take the scum off 
the liquor in a pot ; (108) the road, road, or to the road, 
to set out or resume a journey ; to become a vagrant; (109) 
r- the sands, to flee the country ; to take safety in flight ; 
(no) t/iesAineoff'of,toexce\; (in) thestadh,io become 
restive; (112) the wife, to marry; (113) through 
hands, (a) to reprimand ; see Hand, 2 (45) ; (b) to under- 
take ; (114) till it, to acknowledge, admit ; to confess ; 
(115) till one, to apply a censure to oneself; (116) to 
church, to marry; (117) to do, to rate, reprove; see 
Doing, 4 (2); (118) to one, see (115) ; (119) to one's 
beaters, to run away ; (120) to oneself, (a) to take a hint ; 
to apply to oneself ; (b) to take everything or too much ; 
to steal ; (121) to the books, to take to reading; (122) 
to the heather, obs., to live as an outlaw on the moors; (123) 


under hands, see (60) ; (124) up mould and stone, obs., 
to take permanent possession ; (125) up the psalm, to 
start a psalm; to act as precentor; (126) upon one, to 
assume airs of importance ; (127) well, to be attractive; 
to command a good price or ready market ; (128) with 
it, to feel ; to regard it ; (129) with one, to drink with 
one ; (130) with the ground, of plants: to begin to thrive 
after a temporary delay; (131) witness, to charge to 
bear witness ; (132) when a thing takes one, when one feels 
inclined to do anything. 

(i) Sb.I. Da shaeves is awa, be taen dcm wha lacks, Sh. Navs 
(Oct. 14, 1899). (a) s.Lan. 1 Hoo's ill ta'en abeawt loazin' that 
chylt. (3) Sc. If 1 sud be ta'en awa' afore I see ye again, FORD 
Thistledown (1891)97. Ayr. What if it should be ta'en awa' before 
it was kirstened ? JOHNSTON Glenbuctie (1889) 107. Don. She 
suffered terrible, the crathur, afore she was tuck, MACMANUS Bend 
of Road (1898) 240. Nhb. Bein' ta'en sae sudden-like, PEASE 
Mark o' Deil (1894) 25. Wm. Took he was took in the pride o" 
his prime, OLLIVANT Otvd Bob (1898) i. w.Yks. (J.W.) Der. 
GILCIIRIST Nicholas (1899) 16. n.Lin. 1 Buried is he ? Well, I thoht 
'at he'd be tooken afoore long when [I] seed him last Scotter-shaw. 
s.Cxf. You never knows when you may be took, ROSEMARY 
Chilterns (1895") 65. Brks. What hever thee'll do, Thomas, when 
I be took, HAYDEN Round our Vill. (1901) 87. Ess. They were 
my mother's, and I got 'em when she was took, BURMESTER John 
Loll (1901) 51. w.Sus. My wife was took twoyearsago, GORDON 
VM. and Doctor (1897) 105. Dor. He were took very unexpected, 
FRANCIS Ft'aiider's Widow (1901) pt. I. i. Som. Not since poor 
mother were a-tookt, RAYMOND Men o' Mendip (1898) i. Dev. 
O'NEILL Idyls (1892) n. Cor. PHILLPOTTS Prophets (1897) 271. 
(4) w.Yks. Ah wor reight ta'en back when Ah seed him comin', 
Leeds Merc. Siippl. (Oct. 29, 1898). Dev. I never was so took back 
in my life, Windsor Mag. (Apr. 1900 738. (5) Sc. (A. W. ) w.Yks. 
Yond child mud be takken badly ageean,HARTLEY.B/artyoo/(i883)i i. 
I.Ma.Tuk very bad, BROWN Doctor (1887) 4. Der. Hoc were took 
bad wi' the bronkittus, GILCHRIST Milton (1902) 22. Not. She's took 
very badly, PRIOR Forest Fit. (1901) 282. Lei. 1 , Brks. 1 Ess. I'm 
tuk so wonderful bad with the lumbago, BURMESTER John Loit 
(1901) no. WH. I were took so bad that time, TENNANT Vill. 
Notes (1900) 63. Dev. Poor Kitty Comer was ' took bad' more 
than a week ago, O'NEILL Idyls (1892) 33. Cor. He's took bad, 
LEE Widow Woman (1899) 35. (6) Lan. (HALL.) (7) s.Oxf. He's 
main an' bad, and I believe as ee's took for death, ROSEMARY 
Chiltems (1895) 163. n.Wil. (E.H.G.) (8) Lnk. Peter an 1 Kate 
were taen off, ane by ane, An' auld Janet was left by the ingle her 
lane, WATSON Poenis (1853) 32. (9) Ir. Me poor father was tuk 
on us. .. And we waked him and buried him, BARLOW Ghost-bereft 
(1901)45. (10) s.Lan. 1 (n)Brks. 1 Sur. 1 A person seized with 
illness is universally said ' to be took worse.' Dev. 8 (la) Sc. 
This must be viewed as primarily denoting the attention paid to 
one in the way of frequent invitations (JAM.). Nhb. Tom, there- 
fore, was a general favourite, being 'well ta'en up wi,' Ntwc. Dy. 
Leader (Jan. i, 1897) 5, col. 2. e.Dur. 1 (13) Ayr. Ye wudna 
mind me asking him to tak a bite wi us o' what was gaun, JOHN- 
STON Congalton (1896) 87. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) (14) Ayr. 
Pedlar chaps . . . Here aft sit doon to tak a breath, WHITE Jottings 
(1879) 189. (15) Oxf. MURRAY Hndbk. Oxf. (1894) 202. (16) 
Sc., Ir. (A.W.) I.Ma. You'll be takin' a draw of your pipe, 
which I see in your coat pocket, RYDINGS 7a/(i895) 25; (S.M.) 
(17) Cor. 1 ; Cor. 2 A mineral lode is said to 'take a heave' when a 
' fault' has shifted or broken its course. (18) Sc. (A.W.) Nhb. 
' I'll . . . gie thoo 3 to i.' ' I'll tak' thoo,' I says. ' An' I'll tak' 
thoo,' says he, PEASE Mark o' Deil (1894) 90. w.Yks. (J.W.) 
(19) I.Ma. When the Pazon heard it he fell on his knees and he 
took a shockin prayer, BROWN Doctor (1887) 8a. (20) e.Yks. 1 
(21) e.An. 1 I wish, sir, you would be so good as to send for my 
Tom into your study, and take a talking to him ; I hope ta would 
daunt him. (22) Ayr. It was an awfu' like trick an' ane we could 
been ta'en amen's o', SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 204. (23) 
N.I. 1 (24) Sc. (A.W.) n.Yks. He tacks badly wi't (I.W.). 
(25) Nhb. We'll tak' bite and sup thegither, CLARE Love of Lass 
(1890) I. 13. (26) w.Yks. Jim Baldwin's horse 's ta'en t'boggard, 
an' it's goane dahn Wilsdin like mad, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Nov. 5, 
1898). Lan. That sect him off as tho' he'd taen boggart, KAY- 
SHUTTLEWORTHSra/-/a/<?(i86o)I.56. (27)80. (A.W.),n.Yks. a (28) 
Yks. It took [ti-h'k] him by t'head (C.C.R.). n.Yks. 12 w.Som. 1 I 
never didn drink but about of a pint o' it, but I'll be darned if I 
wadu most a-tookt by th' head. (29, a) n.Yks. 2 You mun first tak 
her by t'heart, an then tak her by t'hand. (6) n.Yks. 1 So : give 
na mair, she's got her part ; She's weak ; 'twill take her by the 





heart, Joco-Ser. Disc. 49. w.Yks. (C.C.R.) (30) Gall. Ye had 
cuttit yourseF faa'in' doon thae dreadsome rocks, an' ta'en by the 
large, ye werena bonny to look upon, CROCKETT Dark o' Moon 
(1902) 90. (31) Dev. When young farmers first begin to walk out, 
their usual mode of address is, 'Will you take company, my 
pretty ? ' Reports Provinc. (1902). (32) Snr. Folk here don't take 
much 'count on he, BICKLEY Sur. Hills ( 1890) II. xv. Sora. Nobody 
took much count of this slip of a maid, RAYMOND No Soul (1899) 29. 
(33) Sc. (A.W.) Nhb. Aw tuik for some time day about, WILSON 
Pitman's Pay (1843) 30. (34) I.Ma. He couldn' never take aise 
couldn' that chap, BKOWN Doctor (1887) 141. (35) w.Yks. If a 
playmate take offence at another, he will cross or clasp his little 
fingers, and, with outstretched hands, will snappishly cry out, 
'Tak'fat an' lean, An' niver speyk to me agean.' The one to 
whom the remark is uttered then understands that enmity exists 
between them, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Oct. 29, 1898). (36) Cor. 3 
There are occasional cases of miners who suddenly with or with- 
out evident reason contract a sudden horror of working under- 
ground. It is said of such a man, ' He took fear.' (37) Sc. The 
children took their bare feet and went to the sands, Glasgow 
Herald (Apr. 3, 1899). Kcd. Meerie's men took fit an' ran Whene'er 
they saw the lowe, GRANT Lays (1884) 29. (38) Ayr. A bit shilpit 
callan' of Laird Speckie's, who took the sma' banes from the 
mother of him, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 123. (39) Abd. 
Now, Johnny, tak good nicht o's an' rin awa to yer bed (G.W.) ; 
At the gude nicht taking with sum strangers from Edinburgh, 
o/. 185. od., Abd. Burgh Rec. (40) Ir. He's took no harm, only 
the pair of thim's frightened out of their sivin sinses, BARLOW 
Shamrock (1901) 55. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) (41, a) n.Yks.i He 
wur ex'd t'stan' judge, last Cattle Show; bud hewur desper't shy 
o' takkin'ho'd. w.Yks. Ah teuk ho'd an' helped him wi' his books 
hauf-an-hahr or more, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Oct. 29, 1898). (6) 
n.Yks. T'kindlin' tacks hod (I.W.). w.Ylis. (J.W.) (42, a) 
n.Lin. 1 I could n't ha' beleaved 'at onythingwo'd ha' took hohd on 
him as bairn's death did. When wind fra th' east cums in at that 
kitchen door it taks hohd o' me sorely I can tell y&. (6) n.Yks. 
Lahn tacks hod o't land sair (I.W.). n.Lin. 1 I allus reckon line 
takes hohd on th' land moore then oht else we graw. (43) w.Sc. 
Mrs. MTarlane, puir pody, she teuks very ill, CARRICK Laird of 
Logan (1835) 79. Flf. It was promisin' braw when I took ill, 
ROBERTSON Provost (1894) 30. w.Yks. (J.W.) Shr. 2 Tane ill. 
Hmp. He was took ill (H.C.M.B.). Dor. Be the maid took ill? 
FRANCIS Pastorals (1901) 30. Dev. He took ill hisself wi' burn- 
gout, PHILLPOTTS Striking Hours (1901) 155. (44) Sc. He took 
very ill wi't at first ; but he's beginning to tak better wi't now 
(JAM.). Per. Weemen tak ill wi' changes when they're gettin' up 
in years, MACLAREN Auld Lang Syne (1895) 27. Slg. Ye'll tak' 
ill wi't for a wee while, but ye maun juist tak' things easy, HARVEY 
Kennethcrook (1896) 238. (45) Sc. To man I can be answerable : 
and for God I will take him in my own hand, WALKER Peden 
(1727) 48 (JAM.). (46) Bnff. 1 A phrase to signify that a person 
has got every thing prepared for him to settle him in trade, marriage, 
&c. 'Nae thanks t'him for bein' weel aff ; he hid naething a-dee 
fin he got that fairm bit tack in our's chair an" sit doon. Ony 
bodie cud dee that.' (47) w.Yks. (J.W.) n.Lin.i A term used by 
members of the Methodist bodies for giving hospitality, bed and 
board, to the itinerant ministers. ' I wish you was convarted ; . . 
it wad do you a power o' good, an' th' connection an" all, 'cause 
then you'd tak' in th' preachers,' PEACOCK R. Skirlaugh (1870) II. 
106. (48) Cor. Us takes it mighty favourable to see your butival 
flags a hangin' out, PHILLPOTTS Prophets (1897) 94. (49) e.Lth. 
Ye needna tak it ill oot ; . . faithfu', ye ken, are the woun's o' a 
frien', HUNTER /. Inwick (1895) 200. (50, a) n.Lin.i He's straange 
an' fierce oher the job, he's real taa'en it to do. (fe) When a person 

taa'en it todo,'"i'A. (51) Sc. (A.W.), n.Yks. (I.W.) (52) Wm. A 
derisive phr. for those who require a great deal of persuasion an 
allusion to the method a very young calf is taught to feed on milk. 
'Ah wad'nt bodder wid seek like, next thing they'll want ta tak it wi 
a fingger mebby' (B.K.). (53) I.Ma. Allis in a friendly way with 
them, and takin joy, BROWN Yarns (1881) 219, ed. 1889. (54) 
n.Lin. Boggard mun tek law on him, PEACOCK Tales and Rhymes 
(1886) 67. (55) Cum. 1 * (56) Dmf. Standing tirling at the door- 
pin, with Mistress Jennie taking nicks at us the while with her bit 
dags, HAMILTON Mawkin (1898) 218. (57) Frf. Dinna ye try to 
tak' occasion o' the minister, INGLIS Ain Flk. (1895) 80; (J.B.) 

(58) Per. Ye tak' your leanness aff your mither, HALIBURTON 
Dunbar (1895) 88. (59) Sh.I. When I wis flitted da kye, I took 
aff o' my feet, an' fir da hill I set, Sh. News (July 2, 1898). (60) 
e.Lth. I'll tak on han' to tell ye what your poseetion is, HUNTER 
/. Inwick (1895) 205. (61) Per. It just takes me no to run round 
the town, Sandy Scott (1897) 12. Don. The bank will fall in to- 
day and kill two men close beside you ; it'll take you to be on your 
guard and watch well, Cornh. Mag. XXXV. 177. (6a) Wgt. The 
sea took him abune the knees, SAXON Gall. Gossip (1878) 15. (63) 
Sc. (JAM., s.v. Ourtane). (64) n.Yks. It teak him i' t'head ti dea't 
(I.W.). (65) Sh.I. Doo niver took dee till ta pit a handle ta da 
bit o' fleeter, Sh. News (Feb. 10, 1900) ; Shu hed twise to tak till 
her afore shii wan till her feet, ib. (May 15, 1897) ; (J.S.) (66) 
Dev. Mrs. Coaker. . . walked slap through the stream, as took her 
to the knees, PHILLPOTTS Sinking Hours (1901) 77. (67) Sh.I. 
Hit 'ill tak him wi' a' his sense ta confuit dee, Sh. News (July 17, 
1897). (68) w.Yks. A derisive phr. used loan ill-favoured person 
whom it is intended to order away and insult at the same time. 
' We want nowt wi' thah here, sooa tak thi bag o booans 
hooam ' (B.K.) ; (J.W.) (69) Sh.I. Shu cam hame frae da bridal, 
an' took hir bed, an' niver wis oot fil shii wis taen oot ta be 
streekit, Sh. News (Dec. 15, 1900). ne.Sc. He wud actually tak' 
the bed an' gie up the ghost for my sake, GRANT Keckleton, 10. 
Edb. She fell sick and took her bed, PENNECUIK Helicon (1720) 162. 
Gall. To take his bed for some time after, being so stinged, MAC- 
TAGGARTJ!;yc/. (1824) 272, ed. 1876. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) (70) 
Sh.I.Tatink ipun ittak'smi breth, Da nestysniils,S/i. Astros (Jan. 29, 
1898;. Elg. The thocht o' his wraith, . . Amaist took my breath, 
TESTER Poems( 1 865) 141. (7i)n.Cy. Ah waited tell Ah wasstalled, 
than Ah thowt Ah wad tak mi civil if ther was nowt lull it (B.K.). 
(72) Don. When Father Eddy . . . took his death, the Bocca Fadh 
was one of the picked half-dozen who were started over the mountains 
to fetch his brother, whom he wanted to see before he'd close his 
eyes, MACMANUS jBrfo//?oarf (1898) 138. w.Yks. (J.W.) Cor. 
Tell Gunner Spettigew to put on his hat at once. Ask him what 
he means by taking his death and disgracing the company, ' Q. 1 
Wandering Heath (1895) 43. (73) Ayr. It chanc'd his new-come 
neebor took his e'e, BURNS Brigs of Ayr (1787) 1. 87. (74) Uls. 
He looked so queer you would have taken your fair end at him 
(M.B.-S.1. Ant. Ballyntena Obs. (1892). (75) n.Yks. They may 
tak ther fling, TWEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 38. w.Yks. (J.W.) 
(76) Wgt. He . . . determined to take his fun off him, SAXON Gall. 
Gossip (1878) 58. (77) Chs. 1 He was to have had th' farm ; but 
he took his hands off it, and then I took it. (78) Lan. Tay yer 
hurry a minute an' we'll gooa wi ye (B.K.). Chs. 13 (79) Nhb. 1 
(80) Slg. He'll tak their length wi' broken croon Upon the sod, 
BUCHANAN Poems (1901) 36. (81) Ir. We took our pumps off, 
CARLETON Traits Peas. (ed. 1881) 102. (82) w.Yks. He gav him a 
gooid sahnd threshing 'nah,'hesez, 'thah can tak thipurpose,'an" 
left him (B.K.). (83) w.Yks.Thah's done, tak thi push (6.). (84,0) 
Sc. (A.W.) n.Yks. He hat my sahd and teak my wind (I. W.). (b)ib. 
Let t'horses rist and tack their wind (ib.). (85, a) Sc. (JAM.) ; He 
said, ' But treason is fact,' and taking himself again, he said, ' It is 
true, it is but treason in their judgment," THOMSON Cloud of Wit- 
nesses (1714) 138, ed. 1871. (6) Sc. (JAM.) Abd. When hunger now 
was slaked a little wee, She takes hersel, and aff again she'll be, 
Ross He/more (1768) 30, ed. 1812. (86) n.Yks. He teak his sel 
out o' t'society (I.W.). (87)Sc.(A.W.) n.Cy.GROSE(i79o)S/>X- 
(88) Abd. Gie's nae mair o' that ; Ye tak' the lad o'er short, COCK 
Strains (1810) II. 132. (89) Nrf. I don't see why I should take 
rheumatics, FORBES Odd Fish (1901) 17. (90) Lnk. The sheep tak' 
nae skaith, FRASER Whaups (1895) xii. Edb. Benjie might 
take skaith from the night air, MOIR Mansie Wauch (1828) xiv. 
(91) Ir. Thin the wife tuk sick, BARLOW Bogland (1892) 58, ed. 
1893. (92) n.Dev. ,Mary Amelia was slow to take strength, and 
one might zay that her niver rightly got back to herzulf again, 
ZACK Dunstable Weir (1901) 244. (93) s.Hmp. I'm main glad 
she've a took that way, VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) xi. (94, a) Sc. 
The tall gentleman who preferred to take the air at that untimely 
hour, KEITH Indian Uncle (1896) 257. Edb. Out they gae a wee 
to tak' the air, AIRMAN Poems(iBi6) 171. Gall. Aguid heartsome 
evening to you, Betty ! Ye are takin' the air ? CROCKETT Kit 
Kennedy (1899) 116. (6) Lnk. The chitterin' birdies patient wait 
To see you tak' the air, John [Frost], NICHOLSON Idylls (1870)61. 
Gall. (A.W.) Uls. The frost has taken the air (M.B.-S.). (95) 
Lnk. I canna bear the thocht o' bein' ta'en the better o' a'thegither 
by a perfect, even-doon scoun'ril, FRASER Whaups (1895) 177. 
(96) Gall. Had I bidden more at home o' nights and ever been at 
the ' taking of the Book,' CROCKETT Love Idylls (1901) 308 ; It was 
her father ' taking the book ' up at Lochryan, ib. 227. (97) 
Cnm. 4 (98, a) Sc. She went out and did not take the door with 



her, RAMSAY Remin. 100. Abd. ' Tak the door to ye, Mistress 
Crathie," indicating which side he wished it closed from, MAC- 
DONALD Lassie (1877) Ixiii. Ayr. Taking the door on my back I 
left them, and the same night came off on the Fly to Edinburgh, 
GALT Provost (1823) vii. (4) Abd. Some, by chance, the door 
had took, Wha scarce cud sec, COCK Strains (1810) I. 131. Lnk. 
I baud Conscience tak' the door, An' leave me to my fancy, 
MURDOCH Doric Lyre (1873) 68. Edb. Mavius gave short salutes, 
and took the door, PENNECUIK Helicon (1720) 7. s.Lan. 1 (99) 
Sh.I. Withoot sayin' a word, ye may weel link he wis blyte la tak 
da door ower his head as fas as he cud, STEWART Tales (1893) 70. 
(100, a) Sh.I. A'm tinkin' hit wid a been da trid day afore dey wid 
a' been able ta tak da flOre, Sh. News (Dec. i, 1900). Kcb. When 
at Can'lemas he took the floor He tripped to the lilt o' the chanter, 
ARMSTRONG Ingleside (1890) 216. Uls. I'm after inviting you to 
take the flure with me, HAMILTON Bog (1896) 89. (A) Rnf. A 
towmont gane, or little mair, The wee things baith had ta'en the 
flair, YOUNG Pictures (1865) 51. (c) Nrf. The groom proposed 
skittles at eventide. I was fortunate enough to take the floor the 
first shot you must strike the foremost pin on the right or left 
cheek. Voila the secret, EMERSON Lagoons (ed. 1896) 25. (101) 
Sc. (JAM.), Cai. 1 Lnk.He begins to tak the fit, Burning his hands, 
and getting clyties, M C !NDOE Poems (1805) 40. (102) Cum. 8 Many 
a fellow wad tak t'frunts if his wife spak till him i' that way, 19. 
(103) s.Lan. 1 (104) Don. He began to take the hunger, and when 
he looked at the fine skillet of ripe strawberries he was carrying 
home . . . his teeth began to water, MACHANUS Chim. Corners 
(1899) 23. (105) n.Lln. 1 (106) Ayr. She thro' the yard the 
nearest taks, BURNS Halloween (1785) St. n. (107) Yks. I've 
tane the pot (K.). (108) Sc. So ye hae taen the road again, 
SCOTT St. Ronan (1824" xiv. Sh.I. ShQ hed made up her mind fir 
ta tak' da road, OLLASON Mareel (1901) 9. Abd. Ready to tak' 
road again, ALEXANDER Ain Flk. (1882) 195. w.Sc. What garred 
ye take the road! BUCHAN Lost Lady (1899) 37. Lnk. Noo, 
neebors, ance mair, wi' my stick i' my haun, I'll tak' to the road 
to the northward I'm gaun, HAMILTON Poems ( 1865) 149. Rxb. 
We took the road early next morning, DIBDIN Border Life (1897) 
81. Ir. That same [vagrant] must be Nell o' Flynn, sorra a worse 
ivir tuk the road, LAWSON Sacrifice (1892) 176. (109) Sc. (JAM. 
Suppl., s.v. Sands). Ayr. Auld-light caddies bure sic hands, That, 
faith, the youngsters took the sands Wi' nimble shanks, BURNS 
W. Simpson (1785) st. 26. (no) Sc. (A.W.). Cum. 1 He teuk 
t'shine offo' t'rest; Cum.*, w.Yks. (J.W.) (in) Ir. Some of the 
young horses took the stadh, CARLETON TraitsPeas. (ed. 1881) 58. 
(112) Ayr. They tell me, Peter, ye're gaun to tak the wife, SERVICE 
Notantinms (1890) 122. (113, a) Sc. (A.W.), Nhb.' n.Yks. They 
teak him through hands (I. W.). (6) n.Yks. He teak t'job through 
hands (I.W.). (114) w.Yks. As for mysen, I'll tak tul't an' mak" no 
boans abaht it I've been a reg'lar rascal, CUDWORTH Dial. Sketches 
(1884)12; Wi' ta tak' tull't Ah seed tha o' Monda' neeght ? Leeds 
Merc. Suppl. (July i, 1899) ; I tak tult, Yksman. (1878) 151, col. 2. 
(115) Sc. (JAM.) (116) Suf. Honour bright, Priss, some day, I'll 
take you to church, BETHAM-DWARDS Mock Beggars' Hall (1902) 
85. (117) e.An. 1 (118) Sc. (JAM.) (119) N.I. 1 (120, a) Sc. 
(A.W.) n.Yks. David didn't at first tak Nathan's parable tiv his 
sel (I. W.). (4) it. Tack t'pie te yer sel [don't divide it]. He teak 
tiv his sel [he stole] (<'*.). (121) ne.Sc. Sin' I took to the buiks, 
whether I like the place or no', I get on very weel, GRANT 
Keckleton, 133. (132) Gall. It became at last a word in Scotland 
that ' to take to the heather was to be in the way of getting 
grace,' CROCKETT Moss-Hags (1895) xxvi. (123) n.Yks. He can 
tack nowt onder hands (I.W.). (.124) Sh.I. (J.S.) (125) Sc. 
He tuke up the psalm in the kirk (JAM.). Bnff. To read in the 
kirk and take up the psalm every Sabbath, CRAMOND Cullen Ann. 
(1888) 39. Ayr. For ' taking up the Psalm,' Grey received an 
allowance of 16 Scots per annum, EDGAR Old Church Life (1886) 
II. 107. (126) Abd. There's fowk 'at it sets weel to tak upo'them! 
MACDONALD Lossie(i&n) xv. (127) Sc, She's a braw lass an' taks 
weel. Ne'er saw cowts tak better (JAM. Suppl.). (128) Abd. Foo 
wud ye 'a ta'en wi't gin onybody had speer't that at you ? ALEX- 
ANDER Ain Flk. (1882) 77. (129) Ir. By my song, we took 
decently with him, anyhow, CARLETON Traits Peas. (ed. 18431 I. 
6 5- ( 1 3) Sc - (JAM.) (131) Abd. With the approval of the police 
sergeant, and the concurrence of certain persons inside the tent, 
who had been ' ta'en witnesses,' ALEXANDER Ain Flk. (1882) 112. 
(132) Sc. (A.W.) w.Yks. He'll do it when it takes him, and not 
before (C.C.R.X 

4. Used redundantly with and and another v. ; in gen. 
colloq. use. 

Ir. Her cherished Nellie 'took and died on her 'of some mysterious 
malady, BARLOW Shamrock (1901) 17. N.I. 1 Take an' do that at 

once. w.Yks. (J.W.) s.Stf. He tak's an' gi'es her his hond 
friendly like, PINNOCK Blk. Cy. Ann. (1895). sw.Lln. 1 He took 
and did. He took and went. Oxf. 1 Take and do it, MS. add. 
Brks. Tuk and carried 'un down ther', HUGHES Scour. WhiteHorst 
(i859)vi. Suf. Dew yew take and give me that 'ere (C.T.). Ken. 1 
He'd better by half take and get married. Snr. 1 He'd better by 
odds take and give up the farm. Hmp. TaSke and goo long to bed 
with, do, GRAY Ribstone Pippins (1898) 18. Som. Do take an" 
speak out, RAYMOND Men o' Mendip(iK<jK) xvi. Cor. To think that 
they shud take an' rob A widder, DANIEL Budget, 28. [Amer. He 
took and hit him, Dial. Notes (1896) I. aia.] 
6. To take root ; to grow. 

ne.Lan. 1 w.Som. 1 I put on all the grafts, but they did'n take, 
not one of them. 

6. Of a lamb : to suck from a strange ewe. 

Dor. Mistress and man were engaged in the operation of making 
a lamb 'take,' which is performed whenever a ewe has lost her 
own offspring, one of the twins of another ewe being given her as 
a substitute, HARDY Madding Cnwd (1874) xviii. 

7. To sketch, draw. Not. 1 Lei. 1 A's tekkin' the choo'ch. 

8. To marry ; to accept as husband or wife. 

ne.Sc. Folks warna slack to say that I took him for the sake of 
a couthie doonsit, GRANT Keckleton, 10. Cal. I will take Robert 
Oman, HORNE Countryside (1896) 128. Frf. Wha did he tak? BARRIE 
Thrums (1889) iii. Slk. He maun look for perfection in the lass 
that takes him, THOMSON Drummeldale (1901) 131. Kcb. Whun 
women's silly aneuch tae tak men . . . they whiles hae a deal tae 
pit up wi', TROTTER Gall. Gossip (1901) 73. Dev. I've . . . axed 
Mother Loney's maid to taake me, PmLLPOTrsSlriking Hours (1901) 
i6a. Cor. The maidens mus be quait pcrsest, For noan ov mun 
wul take ther rest Ontil they take a man, DANIEL Mary Anne's 
Troubles, 9. 

9. To enclose land. w.Yks. z 10. To charge ; to 
accept as the price. 

Sh.I. Kins doo what Jeemson is takkin' for hit da year ? Sh. Ntus 
(Apr. 20, 1901). 

11. To cost time. 

Frf. It'll tak's, I'm sure, to get them partit, SANDS Poems (1833) 
87. Lnk. Mony an hour stown frae her sleep My wifie they did 
tak', MILLER Willie Winkie (ed. 1902) 41. 

12. Of fish : to rise to bait readily. 

Sc. The trout '11 no tak ava the day (JAM. Suppl.}. n.Yks. 1 
' Weel, d' they tak' at all, the moorn?" ' Neea matters. Ah rose 
a few, yah bit, b.ut they's gien ower agen ' ; n.Yks. 4 

13. Of water: to begin to freeze. Chs. 18 14. To smite, 
strike ; to deliver a blow. 

Sc. I'll tak you over the head wi' my rung (JAM.). Sh.I. Taking 
him a crack on the shin, BURGESS Sketches (and ed.) 51. Abd. 
Took him on the chafts therewith, RITCHIE St. Baldred (1883) 113. 
Ayr. My grannie . . . got haud o' the tangs, an' took them alang 
my mother's cuits, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 202. Lnk. I 
takes her a civil nap on the nose, GRAHAM Writings (1883) II. 101. 
Gall. A pebble . . . took Bowie Fleemister on the elbow joint, 
CROCKETT A. Mark (1899) xii. N.I. 1 A stone just took him in the 
eye. n.Cy. N. &> Q. (1880) 6th S. i. 274. Nhb. 1 He tyuk him sic 
a bat. Ane tuik him on the heed. n.Yks. He teak him a bat ower 
t'lug (I.W.). w.Yks. Shoo dibbled [sic] up her neive as if shoo 
worbahn ta tak ma between t'een, HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1874)31. 
Nhp. 2 I took him such a flick o' th' yead. Brks. 1 I took un a knock 
on the yead wi' this yer stick. Dev. It [bullet] took'n in the 
shoulder, NORWAY Parson Peter (1900) 318. 

15. To strike against ; to catch in. 

Ayr. Something took his foot, and he stumbled and fell to the 
ground, GALT Gilhaiet (1823) xix. Lnk. When I got tae the door, 
losh, ma fute took the mat, An' awa' I gaed sprauchlin' the tap o' 
my hat, THOMSON Lcdily May (1883) 138. Dmf. His tae took 
Nelly's corner stane, Whilk gait him i' the gutter grane, QUINM 
Lintie (1863) 226. Lan. I think you'd better get on th' box and 
see as Gib doesn't take th' stoop, WESTALL Birch Dene (1889) II. 
58. e.An. 1 Driving a carriage arainst a large stone, or taking a 
post in brisk motion. 

16. To seize, as with pain or sudden illness ; to affect ; 
to happen to. 

Abd. What's ta'en ye the nicht, 'at ye speyk sae to me? 
MACDONALD Warlock (1882) 1. Dmf. What can hae ta'en ye if I 
may spier, That ye suld bide i' the muirlan' here ? REID Poems 
(1894) 181. Gall. What's ta'en ye, Rab, since ye gaed awa'? 
CROCKETT Loveldylls (1901) 345. Ir. 'What's took me?' he said, 
with a start, BARLOW Martin's Comp. (1896) 55. w.Yks. (J.W.) 
n.Lin. 1 It's a munth sin' I was taa'en, an' I've niver been oot o' bed, 

D 2 




sin 1 . Suf. 1 Ken. If you or me, Dimmick, was to be took with a 
stroke or a fit, Cornh, Mag. (Jan. 1894) 56. w.Som. 1 The pain 
tookt her in the back. Her was a-tookt fust in the zide, and tlio 
the pain urned all over her. Dev. I b'ain't sure but what death's 
a-took me! FORD Postle Farm (1899) 206. [Amer. A month or 
two ago, when Peter was first took, Cent. Mag. (Feb. 1885) 554.] 
17. To burn brightly. Cai. 1 18. To blight ; to blast, as 
if by witchcraft ; to infect. 

w.Yks. (C.C.R.) Nhp.i' The potatoes are tacked again.' 'The 
cankers have tacked the gooseberries and currants.' Particularly 
applied to the early stage of consumption, ' He's tacked.' Applied 
to the effect of heat or frost on vegetation. 'The frost has took 
the greens.' 'The blight has took the apple trees.' War. 2 The 
frost took the blossoms last night. The blight has took the fruit 
trees ; War. 3 The blight in its course has taken the apple trees. 
Shr. 2 The fly has taen the turmits. Hnt. (T.P.F.), w.Cy. (HALL.) 

19. To go ; to betake oneself to ; to frequent, haunt. 
Abd. He taks the hill wi' gun an' tyke, OGILVIE/. Ogilvie (1902) 

114. Frf. The body who took the hill for twelve hours on the day 
Mr. Dishart, the Auld Licht minister, accepted a call to another 
church, BARRIE Thrums (1889) xv. Per. We took the braes, We 
left the toun like hunted raes, HALIBURTON Ochil Idylls (1891) 13. 
Lnk. An eerie path . . . That thro' a plantin ta'en, ORR Laigh 
Flichts (1882) ii. Gall. He took through the door as if the dogs 
had been after him, CROCKETT Standard Bearer (1898) 96. N.I. 1 
They took down the old road. w.Yks. An when safe thear besuar 
an' tack Throo Temple Bar, TOM TREDDLEHOYLE Thouits (1845) 26. 
s.Chs. 1 Th)ky'aat- took aayt u dhu baa-rn tit ti praati baat-. Ey 
t6ok oa'r)dh ej. I. Ma. If there's ghoses takin anywhere it's in 
trees it is, BROWN Yams (1881) 103, ed. 1889. War. The fox 
was headed and took along the metals, Eveshamjrn. (Dec. n, 1897). 

20. To undertake to do work ; to take a contract for. 
Kcb. It was him took thae drains ; . . the factor's gaun tae tak 

them fae him if they'r no dune next month, TROTTER Gall. Gossip 
(1901) 373. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. Came and took 20 falls 
of delving of me at a n shillings, WALKDEN Diary (ed. 1866) 103. 
w.Som. 1 We tookt it to low. 1 widn take it again vor double the 

21. To contest ; to engage in combat. 

w.Yks. We three '11 tak ye three. Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Oct. 29, 
1898). Oxf. (G.O.) 

22. To acknowledge. 

Wgt. He ... said he wouldn't believe the wean was his, and 
wouldn't take it when it was born, SAXON Gall. Gossip (1878) 224. 
28. To understand. 

Abd. I hardly take ye ... but I may, if ye will be plainer, COBBAN 
Angel (1898) 22. Slk. Do you take me? HOGG Tales (1838) 191, 
ed. 1866. w.Yks. Ah teuk it soa (jE.B.). ne.Lan. 1 Dev. ' Do 
you take me ? ' Young Reed nodded. PHILLPOTTS Sons of Morning 
(1900) 161. 

24. To think ; to take for granted ; to consider. 

Sh.I. Even dan I tak', my lamb, Dey kenna whedder Shem, or 
Ham, or Japheth he's dir clue, OLLASOU Mareel (1901) 95. n.Yks. 4 
If thoo nobbut taks it this road, 230. w.Yks. (J.W.) 

25. To determine ; to induce ; to cause to come. 

ne.Sc. Fat i' the name o' Gweed tak's ye here tins time o' nicht ? 
GREEN Gordonhaven (1887) 52. Ir. What tuk her to go was her 
mind bein' bent To earn us a trifle, BARLOW Ghost-bereft (1901) 43. 

26. sb. The amount taken, esp. used of a haul or catch 
of fish ; the act of catching fish ; also usedy?.-. 

Sc. A gude tack (JAM.). S. & Ork. 1 Bnff. 1 We hid a gey gueede 
tack o' haddocks the day. s.Sc. The take of herrings appears in 
different seasons in different places, sometimes in one loch or arm 
of the sea, sometimes in another, WILSON Tales (1836) II. 70. 
Lnk. Though ae trout meltit frae a tak, Ye didna often squeel 
WINGATE Poems (1862) The Deein Fisher. Gall. MACTAGGART 
Encycl. (1824) 443, ed. 1876. Wgt. The fishings are let to a few 
individuals at such rent as necessitates them disposing of their 
takes ' at the highest market, FRASER Wigtown (1877) 192- Nhb. 
It was an old habit of mine to carry a book when 1 went fishing, 
and many a long hour's reading I have done on Skelter banks 
when the take was off, GRAHAM Red Scaur (1896) 271. n.Yks. 2 
What kin o' tak hae ye had ? Dev. Cider won't gie me my June 
swarm back again, nor my next year's take o' honey, ZACK On 
Trial (1899) 78. 

27. A lease; a renting; a holding; a small farm; land 
demised. Also used fig. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; A contract between a proprietor of lands or houses 
and a tenant for the use of them is, in Scotland, called a tack; in 
England, a lease, MITCHELL Scotticisms (1799) 81 ; Nae man has a 

tack of his life, FERGUSON Prof. (1641) No. 662. Sh.I. Ifdoowirks 
hard ipo yon tack o' Pettister doo'll be able to mak a good livin' 
an no mistake, BURGESS Sketches (2nd ed.) 17. Or.I. Heritaiges, 
takis, and possiouns, above vrettin, Edb. Antiq. Mag. (1848) 62. 
ne.Sc. Ye canna think o' votin' against the Laird, an' you sae near 
the end o'yer tack, GRANT Keckleton, no. Cai. 1 Frf. Come from 
the hills where your tacks are a-grazing, SANDS /'Www (1833) 154. 
Per. Death brings their tack o't to amane, HALIBURTON Dunbat 
(1895) 13. Fif. He has a life's tack o' his present place, MELDRUM 
Grey Mantle (1896) 294. s.Sc. Enabled them to stock the little 
farm of Rummledykes of which they were so fortunate as to 
obtain a tack, WILSON Tales (1839) V. 56. Lnk. A new tack o' 
life is lent ye, MILLER Willie Winkie (ed. 1902) 67. N.I. 1 , N.Cy. 1 , 
Nhb. 1 , Dur. 1 , Cum. 4 n.Yks. 1 Almost equivalent to lease, except 
that taking for a set term of years is very seldom implied. ' Weel, 
he's getten t'faarm, an' a desper't good tak' an' all." ne.Yks.' 
e.Yks. 1 We've getten farm on a good tak. w.Yks. 12 , neXan. 1 , 
Chs. 123 s.Chs. 1 It)s dhu best taak- tiz evur ahy seyd. Ee')z 
got-n u taak' on it fur u gild men-i fietir. nw.Der. 1 sw.Lin. 'It's 
in two taks,' i. e. the land is in two portions, taken from different 
owners or held under different agreements, as e. g. under the 
Lincolnshire and Notts, custom as to tenant-right, &c. (R.E.C.) 
Lin. 1 I have got a take of the premises. n.Lin. 1 Thomas Windle 
must hev gotten a rare cheap tak o' that Greenhoe farm ; why, it's 
as good as thof it was his awn. Lei. 1 Called a ' Lady- Day take,' 
or a ' Michaelmas take,' according to the time of its commencement. 
In the agricultural districts, Midsummer and Christinas 'takes' are 
unknown. Nhp. 1 It's a good take. War. The grass opposite his 
teke,Eves/iamJrn. (Aug. 13, 1898). s.Wor. (H.K.), Hnt. (T.P.F.) 

Hence (i) Tack-duty, sb., obs., rent ; (2) -house, sb. a 
farm-house ; (3) -man, sb., obs., a manorial officer whose 
duty it was to collect the rents and fines due to the lord ; 
(4) -'s-man or Taxman, sb. a lessee ; a tenant of a higher 
class ; (5) Take-rents, sb. pi., obs., rents received by the 
manorial ' tack-man '; (6) to stand (o one's tack, phr., obs., to 
keep to one's bargain. 

(i) Edb. Three hundred fifty five pound thirteen shilling four 
pennies as tack-duty, HUME Domestic Details (1697-1707) 106, ed. 
1843. (2) Arg. We were never near this tack-house before, 
MUNRO/. Splendid (iSgS) 222. (3) n.Lin. 1 (4) Sc. (JAM.) ; I am 
only, in copartnery with others, a tacksman or lessee, SCOTT Redg. 
(1824) Lett. vi. Sh.I. Who was both a considerable landholder 
himself and a tacksman, H IBBERT Desc. Sh. I. (1822) 227, ed. 1891. 
Or.I. The present farmers and taxmen have it for eighteen hundred 
pounds sterling, WALLACE Descr. Ork. (1693) 242, ed. 1883. ne.Sc. 
Ritchie Cameron, tacksman of the farm of Muirhead, GRANT 
Keckleton, 108. Abd. The multures of the town's milns of Aberdeen, 
whereof he was but tacksman, SPALDING Hist. Sc. (1792) I. 217. 
Per. There's Caution, tax-man of Burnhaugh, NICOL Poems (1766) 
142. Arg. When a man takes a lease of a whole farm, and pays 
.50 sterling, or upwards, of yearly rent, he is called a tacksman ; 
when two or more join about a farm, and each of them pays a sum 
less than 50, they are called tenants, Statist. Ace. III. 186 (J A '-)- 
Kcb. The tacksmen were as ' good ' gentlemen as the lairds, to 
whom they were generally near of kin, SARAH TYTLER Macdonald 
Lass (1895) 2. s.Sc. Sandy Crawford had been promoted to be 
tacksman at Gairyburn, WILSON Tales (1839) V. 57. Nhb. 1 (5) 
n.Lin. 1 (6) Ayr. Now stand as tightly by your tack, BURNS 
Author's Cry (1786) st. 6. 

28. An enclosure on a moor. 

Dev. The wall of a ' take ' or enclosure, EVANS Tavistock (1846) 
163, ed. 1875; A house surrounded by fields and new takes, 
BARING-GOULD Idylls (1896) 65. 

29. Piece-work ; work undertaken by contract ; also in 
comp. Take-work. 

Wm.On-bi-t-tak (B.K.). n.Yks. 4 'Hez ta ta'en 'embyvt'yacckker 
or by t'week ! ' ' Neea, he wadn't be on byv t'week, seea Ah've 
ta'en 'em byv t'tak this go.' ne.Yks. 1 A'e ya ta'en it by tak ? 
w.Yks. It depends whether tha wor on be th' tak or doin day- 
wark, Sad Times (1870) 87. n.Lin. 1 , War. (J.R.W.) Shr. 1 
Well, 'e's on'y nine shillin' a wik, reg'lar wages, but the Maister 
'e lets 'im 'ave a bit o' tack-work sometimes. Bdf. (J.W.B.) 

30. A tin-mining term : a bargain of work. 

Cor. I am told it is the habit with dishonest miners when they 
have a good ' take' to hide away, when they have the opportunity, 
some of the ore, so that they may not appear to have been getting 
too high wages the next setting-day, BOURNE Billy Bray (ed. 
1899) 97 ; Cor. 2 

31. A situation. Or.I. (S.A.B.) 32. A trick at cards. 
Cum. 14 , e.An. 1 Suf. 1 I've got six tacks. 




33. A sudden catch in the side, &c. ; a sudden illness ; 
esp. an attack of sciatica. Cf. taking, 9. 

Nhb. 1 Aa've getten a tyek i' me side. WII. 1 Dor. Gl. (1851). 

34. A whitlow. Dor. (W.B.) 35. A state of excitement, 
grief, fluster, &c. Cf. taking, 2. 

Sc. The auld leddy was in an unco take when he gaed awa , 
KEITH Indian Uncle (1896) 64. Bnff. 1 The're in an unco tack 
aboot nae gettin' awa'. Rxb. He's in an unco take the day (JAM.). 
Cor. Oh, my Guy Faux, Polly ! I'm in a reg'lar take to be here, 
PHILLPOTTS Prophets (1897) 255. 
36. Disposition. n.Yks. 2 Of a queer take. 
TAKEFUL.aa)'. Dev. [te'kfl.] 1. Capturing, arresting. 
n.Dev. Single her is for love o' the corpse that laid a dead and 
takeful hand upo' her house, ZACK Dunstable Weir (1901) 190. 
2. Comb. Takeful-looking, attractive, captivating. 
Twadn't iver moore takeful looking than 'tis now, ib. 93. 
TAKEN ,ppl. adj. Sc. Yks.Lan.Lin.e.An. Also in forms 
ta'en Sc. Lan. Lin.' n.Lin. 1 sw.Lin.' ; tane Sc. (JAM.) 
[te-ksn, ta-kan ; ten.] 1. In comb, (i) Taken-away, an 
unhealthy, puny child; a changeling; (2) -job, work on a 
farm, &c. done by contract instead of by the day ; (3) 
like, pleased ; (4) -work, see (2). 

(i) Sc. The name seems to have been formed from the vulgar 
belief, that the fairies used formerly to carry off, or take away, 
healthy children, and leave poor puny creatures in their room 
(JAM.). Ayr. I begin to hae a notion that he's ... a ta'en awa ; 
and I would be nane surprised that whoever lives to see him dee 
will find in the bed a benweed or a windlestrae, instead o' a 
Christian corpse, GALT Entail (1823) xl. (a) n.Lin. 1 (3) Dmf. 
' Oh Johnnie,' says she, rather taen-like, . . ' I'm glad to see you,' 
WALLACE Schoolmaster (1899) 330. (4) Lin. 1 , n-Lin. 1 sw.Lin. 1 
He wants it all ta'en- work. e.Cy. (HALL.) Suf. 1 'Tis taken work. 
... I dew it by the job. 

2. Taken aback, surprised, put out of countenance. 
Rnf. Robin seem'd taen An' ne er spak' a word, NEILSON Poems 
(1877) 50. Ayr. John was terribly ta'en, but he was bent on 
some revenge, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 44. w.Yks. (J.W.) 
Lan. Yo 1 never seed nob'dy so ta'en i' yore life, BRIERLEY 
Day Out (1859) 49. 
TAKEN, see Token. 

TAKENER, sb. Sus. 1 A person taken to learn a trade ; 
a young man employed in a fishing-boat. See Tachener. 
TAKER, sb. Yks. Der. Not. Also in forms takker 
w.Yks.; tekker Not [ta'ks(r), te'ka(r).] In comb, (i) 
Next-taker, sb., obs., a lead-mining term : the one who 
made the cross next after the finder, or who had the next 
' mear ' in possession ; (2) Taker-in, the person who 
inspects the woven goods as he receives them from the 
weavers ; (3) -meer, obs., a lead-mining term : the ' mear ' 
allotted by custom to any person who chose to have one 
set out to him after those of the founder and farmer had 
been allotted; (4) -off, a boy employed to take off and 
examine bobbins of yarn after spinning and dipping ; (5) 
-up, the man who binds sheaves in the harvest-field. 

(i) Der. TAPPING Gl. to Manlove (1851). (a) w.Yks. Th' takker 
in '11 reward us, an' whisper well done, HARTLEY Ditties (1868) 
ist S. 34. (3) Der. A difference may be taken clear Between a 
founder, and a taker-meer, MANLOVE Lead Mines (1653) 45; 
TAPPING Gl. to Manlove (1851) ; Taker Meer is the meer taken by 
the miner, either next the Lord's Meer or the Founder's Meer or 
the next to the ist, and, or 3rd taker meer or other subsequent 
taker meer, MANDER Miners' Gl. (1824) (s.v. Meer). (4) w.Yks. 
(F.R.) (5) Not. 2 s.Not. One tekker-up can't work again three 
women (J.P.K.). 

TAKIE, adj. Obs. Cld. HAM.) Of food : lasting. 
TAKING, prp., ppl. adj., vbl. sb. and sb. Var. dial, and 
colloq. uses in Sc. and Eng. Also in forms taaykin 
Brks?; tackin(g Sc. GAM.) S. & Ork. 1 Dur. 1 n.Yks. 
w.Yks. 18 n.Lin.; taening Sc. ; takkan Cum.; takkin(g 
Cum. 14 n.Yks. 124 e.Yks. 1 ne.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 ; teking Not. 8 ; 
tekkin Not. [te'kin, ta'kin, te'kin.] 1. prp., ppl. adj. 
and vbl. sb. In comb, (i) Taking-day, (a) the day on which 
a miner takes his cope, or bargains for work with the 
overseer; (b) see below; (2) -disease, an infectious illness; 
(3) -end, (a) the adapted end; (b) anything which is 
troublesome to do or which requires a great deal of 
material; (4) -funeral, a funeral at which the corpse is 
carried by bearers ; (5) -job, a job taken by contract, not 

by the day ; (6) -on-day, the day for engaging miners, 
&c. ; the day when jobs in a mine arc let; (7) -side, in 
phr. to be at the taking-side, to receive something instead 
of paying. 

(i, a) Der. Takin-days, when wit and ale were free, FURNESS 
MedicHS (1836) za. (b) Cor. 2 An old custom ... is still duly 
observed at Crowan. Annually, on the Sunday evening previous 
to Praze-an-beeble fair, large numbers of the young folk repair to 
the parish church, and. at the conclusion of the service, they hasten 
to Clowance Park. . . Here the sterner sex select their partners 
for the forthcoming fair. . . Many a happy wedding has resulted 
from the opportunity afforded for selection on ' Taking Day ' in 
Clowance Park, Cor'man (July 1882). (a) Cum. It's a varra 
takkan disease (E.W.P.). (3, a) n.Yks. 2 The takkin end of the 
wire is the one to be inserted. (6) n.Yks. It's a tackin' end 
(I.W.). (4) w.Yks. (S.K.C.) (5) Nrf. Yow look as if yow a got 
atakin'job, COZENS-HARDY Broad Nrf. (1893) 41. (6) Cor. On 
the Friday of that blessed week, it was ' taking-on ' day at the 
mine, BOURNE Billy Bray (ed. 1899) 93 ; Usually in mines, the 
first Monday in the month (M.A.C.) ; Cor. 3 Carriers attend and 
offer prices for work, the lowest being taken on. Driving ends, 
excavating, &c. are let in the same way, the men who will do it 
for least per fathom being taken on. (7) n.Yks. (I.W.) 

2. sb. A state of excitement, grief, or perplexity ; a fit 
of petulance or temper ; a dilemma ; a sorry plight or 
condition ; in gen. colloq. use. Cf. take, 35. 

S. * Ork. 1 , Cld. (JAM.) Rnf. Our brethern there are in a very 
sad taking, and need your sympathy very much, WODRO'W Carres. 
(1709-31) I. 301, ed. 1843. Gall. She was in a rare taking, 
CROCKETT A. Mark (1899) xliii. N.Cy. 1 To be in a taking about 
something. Nhb. She was in a sair takin' tae think it Willie 
might get a slur upo' his fair fame, JONES Nhb. (1871) 133. Dur. 1 , 
Cum. 14 n-Yks. 1 ; n.Yks. 2 ' She's in a bonny takkin,' in a high 
mood; or in great concern. 'A sour takkin,' an ill humour. 
e.Yks. 1 Ah nivver seed him I' sike a takkin as when he heea'd on't. 
w.Yks. Ah niwer saw a wumman e sich an a tackin e me life, 
TOM TREDDLEHOYLE Bairnsla Ann. (1853) 53; w.Yks. 1 Niwer 
war poor woman i' sike a tackin, ii. 301 ; w.Yks. 5 I' a bonny 
tacking. Lan. In a terrible takkin abeawt this, WAUGH Heather 
(ed. Milner) II. 34. ne.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 Chs. Sheaf (1880) II. 37 ; 
Chs. 1 A person who is very angry is said to be ' in a great taking.' 
Not. 3 O ! they're in sich a teking, they've got the bums in the 
house. s.Not. What a tekkin she'll be in to be sure, when she 
knows! (J.P.K.) n.Lin. I never i' all my born days seed our 
Squire in such an a tackin', PEACOCK R. Skirlaugh (1870) I. 487. 
sw.Lin. 1 The house is in such a taking, it's so wet. His clothes 
are in a taking, they're ragged up. Lei. 1 , Nhp. 1 , War. 8 , w.Wor. 1 
s.Wor. 'Er wuz in hever sich a takin' 's marnin' (H.K.). Shr. 2 In 
a pretty taking. Hrf. 1 , Glo. 1 Oxf. 1 What a takin' 'er's in surelye ! 
Brks. 1 She zimmed in a gurt takin' acause I tawld her as herdater 
was agwaain out to zarvice. Hrt. They're in a rare taking about it, 
GEARY Rur. Life (1899) 84. w.Mid. She was in a terrible taking 

sad taking, 18. Cor. 1 I never saw a woman in such a taking ; Cor. 2 

3. A capture ; a haul ; a prize. 

Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) Gall. MACTAGGART o*/. (1824). n.Yks.' ; 
n.Yks. 2 A rare takking o' fish. 

4. A swarm of bees. n. Yks. 1 ; n.Yks. 2 A brave takkin o' bees. 

5. Food or drink. 

w.Yks. Let 'em offer a 500 prize for him 'at con invent a drink 
as gooid takin' as ale, an' one 'at willn't mak' fowk drunk, 
HARTLEY DM. (1873) and S. 107. s.Lan. 1 Good food or drink, is 
said to be good ' takkin'.' 

6. A lease, letting ; a hiring. 

s.Wor. Michaelmas taking (H.K.). w.Cy. The lettings, here 
called ' settings ' or ' takings,' are at Candlemas, Longman's Mag. 
(Apr. 1898) 546. 

7. A particular piece of work, &c. accepted on certain 

conditions. Lin. 1 That's my taking, and I'll mow it soon. 

8. See below. 

Gall. When schoolboys catch one another in their games, they 
lay their hands on the head of the one caught ; this ceremony is 
termed taening or taking, MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). 

9. An attack of illness; a sudden seizure of pain ; a sore, 
swelling ; an ulcer, whitlow. Cf. take, 33. 

Shr. 1 ' Poor Dick 'as bin lame a lungful wilde ; did e urt 
leg ' ' No, it come on itself a takin' at the bwun ' ; Shr. 2 Any 
pain or uneasinessof body which cannot be accounted for. 'Atakmg 




at the stomach.' Hrf. DUNCUMB Hist. Hrf. (1804-12) ; Hrf. 12 , 
w.Cy. (HALL.) 

10. Death. 

n.Dev. I was present at her taking, and though I be partial to 
death-beds . . . there seemed a bit too much human nature about 
Susan Fippard's, ZACK Dunstable Weir (1901) 4. 

11. pi. Receipts, profits. 

Nhb. The postman's pay wad be a great help tae the takin's frae 
the shop, JONES Nhb. (1871) 192. w.Yks. T'takkins er nowt fer a 
hahse like yond (B.K.) ; w.Yks. 5 Nut mich tackings at this job. 

TAL, int. Sc. [tal.] An expletive ; used in the phr. 
sal, tal. See Sal(l. 

Frf. They limited their comments to ' Losh, losh,' ' ay, ay,' 
' sal, tal,' ' dagont,' BAHRIE Tommy (1896) vii. 

TALAFAT, see Talfat. 

TALCH, sb. Cor. 2 ftaeltj.] Bran. 

[OCor. talch, bran (WILLIAMS).] 

TALE,s6. and v. Sc. Yks. Lan. Not. Lin. War. Won Shr. 
Pern. Glo. Oxf. Som. Cor. [til, teal, tial.] 1. sb. In comb. 
(i) Tale-lobster, a lobster measuring eleven inches from 
snout to tail ; (2) -'s-man, (3) -master, the authority for a 
statement, one who brings news or originates a statement ; 
(4) -telling-tit, a tell-tale, a tale-bearer. 

(i) Cor. 1 All that fall short of this the master of a lobster smack 
will only give half-price for. (2) Sc. When one doubts or seems 
to doubt as to the truth of any story it is common to say ' I'll gie 
ye baith tale and talesman ' (JAM.). Abd. Baith tale and talesman 
I to you sail tell, Ross Hclenore (I7J) 35, ed. 1812. (3) w.Yks. 
Ah've towd ye t'tale an t'tale-maister, an' it's aw Ah know abaht it 
(B.K.). (4) Lan. He's a tale-tellin-tit, that is, CLEGG Sketches 
('895) 334- 

2. Phr. (i) a tale in a tub, a fable, an old wife's tale ; (2) 
all of a tale, all of the same way of thinking; (3) to tell a 
tale, to succeed, answer, turn out profitably ; (4) with one's 
tale, according to one's own account ; in one's own esti- 
mation ; always used in derision or contempt. 

(i) w.Yks. 2 (2) Not. ' Nay, if yo're all of a tale' ' We are.' 
' Then it's no good for to send the question round any more if it's 
allus to get the same answer, 1 PRIOR Forest Flk. (1901) 105.. (3) 
w.Yks. 1 (4) Sc. He's gaun to tak a big farm, wi' his tale. Puir 
silly tawpie, she's gaun to get a gryte laird, wi' her tale (JAM.). 

3. A number, esp. a specified number or quantity ; a 

n-Yks. 1 He's livered 'em all, t'full tale ; n.Yks. 4 War. 3 Nails are 
yet sold in Birmingham by tale until recent years by the short 
tale (750) and long tale (950), but now by tale only. w.Wor. 
What do you make the tale of 'em ! S. BEAUCHAMP N. Hamilton 
(1875) I. 258. Cor. 1 

4. The full number of eggs a hen lays before she becomes 
' broody.' See Lay-tale. 

w.Som. 1 I han't a single broody hen to my name, else I let "ee 
'ave one in a minute ; nother one o'm an't a-laid out their tale. 

5. A falsehood ; a story of doubtful authority. 

n-Lin. 1 Oh, you must n't tak' no noatice on her, she tells taales; 
she's a real doon storier, that's what she is. s.Wor. 1 Don't you 
listen to what them chaps says, Owner ; 'tis nothin' but tales. 
Glo. (A.B.), Oxf. (G.O.) 
0. v. To count ; also with out. 

War. 3 Shr. 1 I tale them ship to forty 'ow many bin a ? 

Hence Taler, sb. a man who keeps count of wedding 
presents. s.Pem. LAWS Little Eng. (1888) 421. 7. To 
gossip ; to chatter ; to tell a tale. 

w.Som. 1 Her's always ready to taly way anybody. 

Hence Taler, sb. a tale-bearer, ib, 

TALE, see Taal. 

TALENT, sb. 1 Yks. [ta-lant.] A person with an 
overweening opinion of himself. w.Yks. (C.C.R.) 

TALENT, sb* se.Wor. 1 [tae'lant.] A dial, form of 
' talon.' [Talant of an hauk, vngula, LEVINS Manip. (1570).] 

TALE-PYET, sb. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Also written tale-piet Sc. QAM.) w.Yks. 1 ne.Lan. 1 ; -pyot 
n.Yks. 3 ; -py't Sc. ; and in forms tale-pie N.Cy. 1 ; teaaly- 
pyet, teale-piet Cum. ; teally-pyet Cum. 1 ; tealy- Cum. 4 ; 
teealy-pyatt Wm. ; teyl-peyat e.Yks. ; tyel-piot Nhb. 1 
[til-, tia'l-paiat] A tell-tale ; an informer ; a tattler. 
See Pyet, Tell-piet, s.v. Tell, II. 2 (5). 

Sc. (JAM.); Never mind me, sir lamnotale-pyet, SCOTT Antiq:iary 
(1816) iv. Lnk. Naething will cross my lips. I'm nae tale-pyet, 

FRASER Whaups (1895) ix. Lth. An' sic' a steer as granny made 
when tale-py't Jamie Rae We dookit roarin'at the pump, STRATHESK 
More Bits (ed. 1885) 36. Gall. MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824) 406, ed. 
1876. N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 Cum. Neabody can say 'at all's a teale piet, 
Joe and Landlord, 8; Ah niver was a teaaly-pyet eh me life, 
SARGISSON Joe Scoap (1881) 81 ; Cum. 14 Wm. Teealypyatt, 
teealypyatt, sits o' t'kirk steele Wi' a scab on his arce as big 
as t'mill wheel (B.K.). n.Yks. 3 e.Yks. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. 
(1796). w.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 

TALER, sb. Obs. Sc. (JAM.) Also written talor and 
in form tolor Fif. State, condition. 

n.Sc. In better taler. Fif. Anything is said to be in gude talor, 
when in a proper state for the purpose in view ; as water when 
heated to a sufficient degree for washing. 

TALFAT, sb. Cor. Also in forms talafat Cor. 2 ; 
talfoot, talfut Cor. 8 [tae'lfst.] 1. A raised alcove for a 
bed. Cf. tallet. 

A little hut of two rooms and a ' talfat,' HUNT Pop. Rom. w.Eng. 
(1865) iao, ed. 1896; Cor. 12 

2. A loft over a stable or other building. Cor. 3 Hence 
Talfut-ladder, sb. the outside stairs for reaching a loft. ib. 

3. A bench. w.Cor. (J.W.) 
TALIWAG, see Telewag. 

TALK, v. and sb. Irel. Yks. Lan. Midi. Der. Lin. War. 
Won Shr. Oxf. Nrf. Ess. Sur. Sus. and Amen [tk, 
tijak, tak.] 1. v. In phr. (i) to talk a dog's or a horse's 
hind leg off, to be very loquacious ; (2) alike, to come to 
terms ; to make an agreement ; (3) fine, to speak 
affectedly; to use standard English as distinguished 
from dialect; (4) prettily, to refrain from censure or 
calumny ; (5) shoddy, to talk nonsense ; (6) straight, 
to talk intelligibly or coherently ; (7) thin, to talk in a 
low voice ; (8; to a woman, to court her ; (9) to one's 
mommets, obs., to converse in a low voice with oneself. 

(i) Lan. N. tf Q. (1868) 4th S. ii. 488. Midi., Nrf. Talk, talk, 
talk ; enough to talk a horse's hind leg off, ib. 591. Sar. 1 I never 
see sich a fellow to go on, he would talk his dog's hind leg off any 
day. (2) Ess. He wanted to put the rents up, and as he and I 
couldn't talk alike about it, I wouldn't take 'em on again, BURMESTER 
JofinLott(igoi)i3. (3) Sc.(A.W.),w.Yks.(J.W.), s.Lan. 1 n.Lin. 1 
Oor Sabina hesgotten to talkfine nooshe'sbeen to Winterton ; when 
ony body tells her oht e'stead o' saayin' ' Aw,' she says, ' I'm 
'stonished.' Oxf. 1 When thee comes back, I spuse thee'lt talk fine 
and say, ' Is this the cat that was the kit when I first went to 
taown,' MS. add. (4) w.Yks. Talk prattley may be if he wor 
weighed up he's a better man nor yo, HARTLEY DM. (1868) 87. 

(5) w.Yks. Tha'rt talkin' shoddy, SNOWDEN Tales Wolds (1893) vii. 

(6) n.Yks. He couldn't talk straight (I.W.). (7) Sus. 1 He talk so 
thin that no-one can't scarcely hear what he says. (8) Cav. Pat 
is talking to Kate this six months, they'll soon be married (M.S.M.). 
[Amer. Judge Jackson's son has been talkin' to my daughter nigh 
on a year, Dial. Notes (1896) I. 374.] (9) Shr. 1 ' I thought theer 
wuz summat gwein on ; I sid owd Mister Ambler stan'in' i' the 
lane talkin' to 'is mommets.' Mr. James Ambler was a man whose 
opinion was much respected, but he seldom gave it without taking 
counsel with himself, and was noted for 'talkin' to 'is mommets.' 
The term mommet, thus employed, would seem to have retained 
some lingering sense of the O.E. maumet, an idol to which prayer 
would be addressed. 

2. To say. 

War. 3 se.Wor. 1 ' Is your ooman a gwain tu Asum to-day, Jums ? ' 
' Well 'er talks a shell,' Betty ; uf it keeps dry over yud 'owever.' 

3. To talk boastfully or falsely. n.Yks. (I.W.), Der. 1 

4. With over : to wander in delirium. Lin. 1 , n.Lin. 1 
6. To talk reasonably. 

n.Yks. You talk now (I.W.). w.Yks. (J.W.), Oxf. (G.O.) 

6. sb. In phr. bad talk, bad language. 

Ker. Givin' bad talk to a decent woman ! BARTRAM Whiteheaded 
Bqy (1898) 10. 

7. Gossip ; report. 

n.Yks. 4 , w.Yks. (J.W.) s.Oxf. This could not go on long 
without 'talk,' ROSEMARY Chilterns (1895) 143. 

TALKATION, sb. Chs. 1 A light discourse. 

TALKING, ppl. adj. Sc. Cor. 1. In comp. Talking- 
bush, obs., a bush of holly put at the topmast head ; see 

Cor. 'Christmas is Christmas. When I was young at such times 
there wouldn't be a ship in the harbour without its talking-bush.' 




' What is a talking-bush?' 'And you pretend to be a sailor ! Well, 
well not to know what happens on Christmas night when the 
clocks strike twelve!' ' Do the ships talk?' 'Why of course 
they do ! ' Pall Mall Mag. (Oct. 1901) 183. 
2. Talkative. 

Ayr. He being loosc-tongued, and a talking man, GALT Gilhaize 
(1833) xxiii. 

TALKY, adj. Yks. Not. [t-ki.j Talkative, esp. when 
slightly intoxicated. 

n.Yks. (I.W.), e.Yka.l, w.Yks. (J.W.) s.Not. A know the 
gell's very talky (J.P.K.). 

TALLACK, see Tallet, Tallock. 

TALLAGE, sb. Obs. Dor. In phr. to go tallage, to 
go softly. HAYNES Voc. (c. 1730) in N. &> Q. (1883) 6th S. 
viii. 45. 

TALLAN, sb. Sc. Also in forms tallin, tallown. A 
dial, form of ' tallow.' 

Sc. DUNCAN Etym. (1595). Sh.I. Afore da yow wis taen up, 
her tallin wis cauld sturkn'd, Sh. News (Jan. 13, 1900). Elg. Lasses 
braws were spoil'd wi' tallan, GORDON Poems (1828) 317. 

Hence Tallowny-faced, adj. sallow. 

Ayr. Leezock kent brawlies she was nae great heart-break 
hersel', awful' kin' o' tallowny-faced an' coorse-traited, SERVICE 
Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 323. 


TALL-BOY, sb. Lan. Chs. Shr. [t^'l-boi, -bai.] A 
tall, narrow ale-glass, standing on a stem. 

ne.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 Shr. 1 Missis, the Maister wants 
a jug o' ale at the 'orse-block, an' two tumbler-glasses 'e said nod 
to sen' them tall-boys, kigglin'. 

TALLENT, TALLERT, TALLER, see Tallet, Tallow, 
sb. 1 

TALLET, sb. Chs. Stf. Der. War. Won Shr. Hrf. Pern. 
Glo. Oxf. Brks. Hmp. I.W. Wil. Dor. Som. Dev. Cor. 
Also written tallat w.Wor. 1 s.Wor. 1 Shr. 12 Brks. Wil. 
Dev. Cor. ; tallit Stf. Der. War. 8 se.Wor. 1 Dev. ; tallot 
Glo. Hmp. 1 Wil. 1 ; tallut Glo. 12 Brks. 1 Dev. 1 ; and in forms 
tallackCor. 2 ; tallantChs. 1 s.Chs.'Shr. l Hrf. 2 ; tallardHrf. 1 
w.Cy. ; tallart Hmp. ; tallent Shr. 2 Hrf. w.Cy. ; tallert 
Shr. 2 ;tallicCor. 2 ; talotSom.; tollard Hrf. 1 ; tollat Pern.; 
toilet Hrf. 1 ; tollit Hrf. 2 Oxf. 1 ; tullet Brks. [ta'lat, 
tae'lat, -it ; ta'lant, tae'lant] 1. A hay-loft, esp. one over 
a stable ; the unceiled space beneath the roof in any 
building ; an attic. Cf. talfat, tarrat. 

Chs. 1 s.Chs. 1 Gy'et iip flpu th taal unt, fin throa-snm ee'daayn 
i)th bing- fflr dhfl ky'ey. Stf., Der. (J.K.), War.s w.Wor. Under 
the lather, sur, as were agin the tallet, S. BEAUCHAMP Granlley 
Grange (1874) II. 45 ; w.Wor. 1 , s.Wor. 1 , se.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 That bit 
o' clover can g&6 o' the tallat, it inna wuth makin' a stack on ; Shr. 2 
Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876) ^ Hrf. 12 s.Pem. Is'n't it most time for 
yea to come down from the tallet there? (W.M.M.) ; LAWS Little 
Eng. (1888) 421. Glo. BAYLIS Itlus. Dial. (1870); Glo. 12 , Oxf. 1 , 
Brks. (W.H.Y.); N. <& 1 Q.(i87i) 4 thS. viii. 441; Brks.SHmp^H.E.), 
Hmp. 1 , I.W. 1 w.Cy. MORTON Cyclo. dgric. (1863). Wil. I beseech you 
let me lie and die in some hay tallat, Life B. M, Carew (1791) 99 ; 
Wil. 1 Dor. Up in the tallet with ye ... and down with another 
lock or two of hay, HARDY Ethelberta (1876) II. xlvi ; Dor. 1 Som. 
SWEETMAN Wincanton Gl. (1885). w.Som. 1 The vlooro' the tallet 's 
proper a-ratted. Dev. Reports Provinc. (1877) 140; Dev. 1 Maester 
was staunding by the tallut, 4. nw.Dev. 1 e.Dev. A truss of hay 
up in the tallat, BLACKMORE Perlycross (1894) xii. Cor. A tallat 
that is a shed, wattled and roofed with gorse bushes, and with an 
open door, BARING-GOULD Gaverocks (1887) xliv ; Cor. 12 

2. Contp. Tallet-ladder, the ladder leading up to a hay- 

s.Wor. I allus used to have the tallet lather when I was tarring 

[Wei. taflod, s.Wel. towlod, a hay-loft or ' tallit ' ; cp. Olr. 
taibled, a story; an early Celtic loan word from Lat. 
tabitlattim, N. &> Q. (1893) 8th S. iv. 450.] 

TALLIATION, sb. Sc. Yks. [ta'li-ejan.] Adjustment 
or tally of one thing with another. 

Sc. (JAM.) Ayr. Weel wat I that your ellwand would hae been 
a jimp measure to the sauvendie o' his books and Latin taliations, 
GALT En/ail (1823) xxxi. w.Yks. (J.W.) 
TALLIC, see Tallet. 

TALLICK, sb. Yks. [ta'lik.] A dyer's term : alkali 
or soda-ash used in scouring. w.Yks. (H.H.) 

TALLIN, TALLION, see Tallan, Italian. 

TALLIWAP, sb. Obs. Sc. A stroke ; a blow. 

Per. Dugald . . . general o' the north ; Wha gave the Spaniards 
such a talliwap, Donald and Flora, 61 (JAM.). 

TALLOCK, 56. Yks. Chs. Fit. Stf. Der. Also written 
tallack Chs. 1 Fit. ; and in form tallocker w.Yks. [ta'lsk.] 
A good-for-nothing, idle person ; a ragamuffin ; a slatternly 

w.Yks. Shoo is a tallocker, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Nov. la, 1898). 
Chs. 1 A dirty tallack. s.Chs. 1 , Fit. (T.K.J.) Stf. ELLIS Pronunc. 
(1889) V. 417. nw.Der. 1 

Hence Tallocking, ppl. adj. idle, good-for-nothing; 
slovenly, untidy. 

s.Chs. 1 Hoo's a hoozy tallockin' brivit. Didna hoo look tallockin ? 

TALLOW, sb. 1 Sc. Yks. Lin. Nhp. Glo. Oxf. Also in 
form taller n.Yks. 4 [tals, taela.J 1. In cotnp. (i) 
Tallow-cake, (a) the fat of animals rolled up in the form 
of a cake ready for the chandler ; (b) a cake made with 
the fat from about an animal's kidney ; (2) -core, (3) -craps, 
(4) -crawl, the scraps of fat and skin which remain after 
the tallow has been rendered ; (5) -hued, pale, wan ; (6) 
jack, a candle ; (7) -leaf, the covering of fat which envelops 
the entrails of an animal ; (8) -powk, a bag through which 
melted tallow is strained when refining. 

ft, a) w.Yks. Leeds Mere. Supfl. (Nov. 12, 1898); w.Yks. 1 , Nhp. 1 
(6) n.Yks., ne.Yks. 1 (a) Lin. 1 (3) n-Yks. 1 *, w.Yks. 1 n.Lin. 1 
The tallow-craps are pressed into cakes and used as food for dogs. 
(4) Lin. 1 Used as food for pigs. (5) w.Yks. 1 (6) w.Yks.8 (7) 
Gall. When an ox or sheep has a gude tallow-leaf it is considered 
to have fed well, and to be deep on the rib, MACTAGGART Encycl. 
(1834). (8) 'Hertallow-powkhideshescryng'dinthetide.' People 
with tanny skins are said to hae hides as din as the tallow-powk, it. 

2. Obs. Fat. 

s.Sc. Ance I was a fat stark fallow. . . Now I've neither flesh 
nor tallow, A' my sap and fushion's gane,T. SCOTT Poems ( 1793) 360. 

3. Concrete stalactite found in oolitic rock. 

Glo. 12 So called from its appearance. Oxf. Beautiful plumose 
stalactites are often found in the fissures of the rock, and are 
called by the workmen, from an obvious though coarse analogy, 
tallow, WOODWARD Geol. Eng. and Wai. (1876) 185. 

TALLOW, sb* Sus. [Not known to our other corre- 
spondents.] ? A sapling. (F.H.) 

[Cp. OE. lelgor, a shoot, twig, plant (SWEET).] 

TALLOWN, TALLUT, see Tallan, Tallet. 

TALL WOOD, See Talwood. 

TALLY, sb., v. and adv. Var. dial, uses in Eng. [tali, 
taeli.] 1. sb. Incow^.(i) Tally-board, a board on which 
an account is notched or chalked ; esp. one on which the 
record of a weaver's work is kept ; (2) -fellow, a travelling 
draper, esp. one who gives secret credit and takes pay- 
ment in small instalments ; (3) -husband, a man living 
with a woman to whom he is not married ; (4) -man, (a) 
a hop-picking term : the man who marks the tallies used 
to record the hops picked, and who measures the hops in 
a bushel basket ; (b) see (2) ; (c) see (3) ; (5) -wife, a 
woman living with a man to whom she is not married ; 
(6) -woman, a married man's mistress ; a concubine. 

(i) Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 (a) s.Lan. 1 (3) e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 (4, a) 
w.Wor. 1 , Ken. 1 (4) Lakel. 2 w.Yks. Yo didn't tell uz wot ftally- 
man charged yo for that cap yo've gotten on, TOM TREDDLEHOYLE 
Bairns/a Ann. (1895) 39. Lan. Thoose tallymen theaw oft may 
see Wi' wawkin' stick un wallet, CHARLESWORTH Thrums, 31. 
.Lan. 1 , War. 3 , Hrt (H.G.), Ken. (D.W.L.), Hmp. (H.C.M.B.), 
Wil. (K.M.G.) (0 Lakel. 2 Yks. BREWER (1870). (5) w.Yks. * 
n.Lan. Thaar are threescore queens, and fourscore tally wives, an 
maads weowt number, PHIZACKERLEY Sng. Sol. (1860) vi. 8. 
e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 , nw.Der. 1 (6) w.Yks. 2 

2. Phr. (i) to keep tally, to keep count ; to keep accounts ; 
(2) without tally, innumerable. 

(i) Nhb. 1 In delivering cargoes, one of the porter-pokemen 
usually ' keeps tally.' n.Yks. 2 I'm a bad hand at keeping tally. 
e.Yks. 1 Thoo mun keep tally, MS. add. (T.H.) (a) Nhb. Maidens 
wivoot tally, ROBSON Sng. Sol. (1860) vi. 8. 

3. Half of a stick given by the pound-keeper to the 
person on whose property the pounded animal has tres- 

Brks. The constable is our pound keeper. When he puts any 
beasts into the pound he cuts a stick in two and gives one piece 




to the person who brings the beasts and keeps the other himself; 
and the owner of the beasts has to bring the other end of the stick 
to him before he can let them out. Therefore the owner, you see, 
must go to the person who has pounded his beasts, and make a 
bargain with him for payment of the damage which has been done, 
and so get back the other end of the stick, which they call the 
' tally,' to produce to the pound keeper, HUGHES T. Brown Oxf. 
(i86i)xxix; Brks. 1 

4. A coal-mining term : a metal or leather label attached 
to a tub of coal showing the number of the collier who 
has sent it up. Nhb., Dur. NICHOLSON Coal Tr. Gl, (1888). 
n.Stf. (J.T.) 5. A reckoning ; a memorandum. n.Yks. 2 

6. The last unit of a number specified ; see below. 
Nhb. 1 The number of bricks, or cheese, or bundles is counted as 

they are passed from hand to hand, the last man but one repeating 
the figures aloud. If the articles are counted singly they are called 
out up to the nineteenth ; but instead of calling out ' twenty ' 
the word ' tally ' is substituted ; thus' eighteen, nineteen, tally.' 
The score is then marked by a simple line drawn with a piece of 
chalk. After four strokes are made, the fifth is drawn through 
them diagonally from left to right, like the cross-bar of a field gate, 
and the symbol one hundred is thus indicated. In counting 
articles that can be lifted in groups the tale is thus made ' five, 
ten, fifteen, tally.' w.Yks. 2 ; w.Yks. 4 In counting any articles 
sold by the hundred, one is thrown out after each hundred that is 
called the tally. Nhp. 1 They are usually given in to the purchaser. 
Cor. Into this [boat] the fish [mackerel] are counted by two men, 
who in turn take up three fish at a time and count them as one. 
When forty-one has been counted in this manner the next one says 
' Tally ! ' which signifies the completion of a hundred really one 
hundred and twenty-six, or three times forty-two, Good Wds. 
(1896) 18. 

7. A specified number or weight; see below; in hop- 
picking : the number of bushels for which the picker 
receives a shilling. 

Glo. 1 25 sacks of corn. Lon. I buy turnips by the ' tally.' A 
tally's five dozen bunches, MAYHEW Land. Labour (1851) I. 92. 
Sur. 1 What's the tally? He was making ninepence a tally of his 
cabbages ; the tally in that case was sixty. 

8. A match ; a pattern. 

w.Yks. 5 Whear's that bit o' tally I gah thuh this morning ? 

9. Obs. A company or division of voters at an election. 
Cum. 24 , ne.Lan. 1 , Som. (HALL.) 10. Obs. A term used 
in playing ball when the number of aces on both sides 
was equal. n.Cy. (HALL.) 11. Traffic, trade, profit. 

Cor. Coo, coo, my dear, 'tes poor tally to have to do weth spirits, 
HARRIS Our Cove (1900) 30 ; Coasting was but ' poor tally ' in the 
winter months, ib. 168. 

12. Fig. Score, ground. 

Dev. I ain't got no fault to find wi' him on that tally, ZACK On 
Trial (1899) 80. 

13. v. To reckon by fives ; marking four perpendicular 
strokes with another across. s.Pem. (W.M.M.) 14. To 
keep count of goods supplied or of work done. Nhb. 1 , 
Lan. (S.W.) 15. A hop-picking term : see below. 

Sur. 1 To tally at seven or eight is to get a shilling for seven or 
eight bushels. When they first begin to pick they will say, 
' We've not yet heard what we shall tally at.' 

16. To match, correspond. 

e.Yks. What's tha browt theeas for! They deean't tally, 
NICHOLSON Flk, Sp. (1889) 84 ; e.Yks. 1 Theease gleeaves dizn't 
tally, MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. 5 < Ah bowt a remnant at a auction- 
saale ; ah thowt it ad du to mend me garn wi' if t'colour didn't 
tally like.' 'Does that bit tally?' 'Aye, it tallies weel eniff.' 
Oxf. (G.O.) 

17. To agree, accord. 

n.Yks. 2 I deeant tally wi' ye. e.Yks. 1 Oor idees niwer tallied, 
MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. 5 They doan't tally weel together. 
s.Lan. 1 Him an* her conno' tally t'gether. e.Dev. He an' all th' 
workmen tally, PULMAN Sketches (1842) 23, ed. 1853. 

18. To live as man and wife without being married. 
w.Yks. (S.P.U.), w.Yks." 19. adv. In phr. to live tally, 
to live together as man and wife without being married. 
See Live, v. II. 1 (4). 

Lakel. 2 w.Yks. They're noane wed, they're nobbut livin' tally, 
Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Nov. 12, 1898) ; w.Yks. 2 , e.Lan. 1 , m.Lan. 1 , 
s.Lan. 1 Chs. Sheaf (1879) I. 292. s.Chs. 1 They bin livin' tally. 
nw.Der. 1 

TALLY, see Tally-iron. 

TALLY-CAKE, sb. Som. Also in form -cheese. A 
kind of trifle. (W.F.R.) 
TALLYDIDDLE, sb. Der. [ta'lididl.] A foolish or 

untrue tale. 

Yo may tell her aw t'tallydiddles yo can think on, WARD David 
Grieve (1892) I. i. 

TALLY-HO, sb. Cor. 1 [tae'li-o.] A wide, covered 
passage between two houses. 

TALLY-HO-THE-HOUNDS, sb. Sc. A boys' game. 

Lth. Many of their games needed little but swift limbs and good 
lungs ; such as ... ' Foot an' a half,' ' Cuddy-loup,' and ' Talley ho 
the hounds,' STRATHESK More Bits (ed. 1885) 33. 

TALLY-IRON, sb. and v. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Chs. Der. Lin. Oxf. Dev. Also in forms talian iron 
w.Yks.; talion- Oxf. 1 ; tallian- Dev.; tally Ir. Nhb. 1 
e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. s.Lan. 1 ; tally-ine Der. ; tallyin-iron Nhb. 1 
s.Chs. 1 ; tally-oiron s.Lan. 1 [ta'li-, tae-li-aien.] 1. sb. 
A corruption of ' Italian-iron ' ; see below. See Italian- 
iron, s.v. Italian (i). 

Ir. (A.S.-P.) s.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). Nhb. 1 A hollow, 
round cast iron about an inch and a half diameter and nine inches 
long, one end open to receive a heater ; the other smoothly 
rounded. It is mounted on a stand and used to make the series 
of wavy folds in women's caps. ' The pan-lids, an' tallys, an' 
snuffers, se breet,' ROBSON Sags. Tyne (1849) 236. Lakel. 2 , Cum. 4 
Wm. We keep the tally-iron in memory of my grandmother (B.K.). 
e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Nov. 12, 
1898). Lan. (C.J.B.), e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , s.Chs. 1 Der. They be 
SarahAndrew's tallyines,GiLCHRiST./Wdio/as(i899) 178. nw.Der. 1 , 
Lin. 1 Oxf. 1 Yet the big talion iron, MS. add. s.Dev. (F.W.C.) 

Hence Tally-yetter, sb. a heater for a 'tally-iron.' 

Lan. Redden thi nose till it looks like a tally-yetter, BRIERLEY 
Fratchingtons (1868) 61, ed. 1882. s.Lan. 1 
2. v. To crimp the borders of a cap, &c. with a 'tally-iron.' 

s.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). Nhb. 1 e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.) 
w.Yks. Summat like Billy Copperpeg's noaze wor when hiz wife 
tallied her cap screed on it, TOM TREDDLEHOYLE Baimsla Ann. 
(1846) 14 ; w.Yks. 5 96, s.Lan. 1 

TALLY-WAG, sb. s.Chs. 1 nw.Der. 1 [tali-wag.] 
Membrum virile. 

TALTIE, sb. Obs. Ags. (JAM.) A wig. 

TALWOOD, sb. Ken. (HALL.) Sus. 1 Also written tall- 
wood, [tij'lwud.] Wood cleft and cut into billets for firing. 

[For charcole and sea cole, as also for thacke, For 
tallwood and billet, as yeerlie ye lacke, TUSSER Husb. 
(1580) 119.] 

TALYEE, see Tailyie. 

TAM, sb. and adj. Cor. Also in form tame, [taem.] 

1. sb. A morsel ; a piece. Cor. 2 2. adj. Short, dwarf. 
(B. & H.), Cor. 1 Hence Tarn-Furze or Tame-Furze, sb. 
the dwarf furze, Ulex nanus. (B. & H.), Cor. 12 

[OCor. tarn, a morsel ; a bite (WILLIAMS).] 

TAM, see Taum, Tom, Turn. 

TAME, adj. and v. 1 Lin. Hmp. I.W. Wil. [tern, 
team.] 1. adj. In comb, (i) Tame bee, a stingless fly 
not unlike a bee ; (2) flowers, a child's word for garden 
flowers as distinguished from wild-flowers ; (3) flyer, 
a tame duck which has been attracted from a farm -yard 
by wild-ducks and has joined them in a decoy-pond ; (4) 
withy, the rosebay, Epilobium angustifolium, when 
cultivated in a garden. 

(i, a, 3) n^ln. 1 (4) Hmp. 1 , I.W. (B. & H.) 

2. v. Obs. ? To cultivate or till the ground. 

Wil. By that time the ground will be tamed, LISLE Husbandry 
(1757) 100 ; Wil. 1 

TAME, v? w.Cy. Som. Dev. [tern, team.] To begin 
to cut ; to cut ; to prune. 

w.Cy. (HALL.) e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). w.Som. 1 Rare. 
To tame a bush. Dev. Of a rose-bush, ' I think you have tamed 
him enough, sir,' Reports Provinc. (1881) 17. s.Dev. We shall 
have to tame the rick (J.B.). 

[Cp. ME. attamin (OFr. atamer), to pierce, broach (a 
vessel) (STRATMANN).] 

TAMER, sb. 1 Sc. fti'mar.] 1. The sharp-nosed eel, 
Anguilla acutirostris. Gall. (J.M.) 2. The broad-nosed 
eel, Anguilla latirostris. ib. 




TAMER, sb. 1 Obs. Nrf. Suf. Also in form taamer 
Nrf. A team. See Teamer, sb. I. 

Nrf. I ha' likened yow, O my love, to a taamer o' bosses in 
Pharer's charrits, GILLETT Sg. Sol. (1860) i. 9. Suf. 1 

TAMLIN-COD, sb. Cor. [tae'mlin-kod.] A young 

The young, or tamlin-cod, may be eaten in the summer, COUCH 
flitt. Polfierro (1871) 113. 

TAMLYN, sb. Cor. [tae'mlin.] A miner's tool. 

Ef I doan slam this tamlyn souse into their jaws, J. TRENOODLE 
Sfec. Dial. (1846') 33; Cor. 12 

TAMMACHLESS, adj. Obs. Fif. QAM.) 1. Of a 
child : not eating with appetite. 2. Tasteless, insipid. 

TAMMAS, see Thomas. 

TAMMAT, sb. s.Pem. Also written tammot. [tae'mat.] 
A small load ; as much hay or straw as a man can carry. 
LAWS Little Eng. (1888) 421 ; (W.M.M.) Cf. tarn. 

TAMMIL, v. Obs. Lth. Rxb. (JAM.) 1. To scatter 
from carelessness. Lth. 2. To scatter or strew from 
design, as money amongst a crowd by candidates at an 
election. Rxb. 

TAMMOCK, sb. Sc. Irel. Also in forms tomack, 
tommack Gall. (JAM.) [ta'mak.] A hillock ; a little 
knoll in a marsh or in damp grazing land. Cf. tummock. 

Gall. A rouch currtyke, seated in a comfortable manner on some 
foggy tomack, MACTAGGART .Ery7. (1824) Introd. 9; (JAM.) Kcd. 
Twa herds . . . straught down on tammocks clap Their nether 
ends, DAVIDSON Seasons (1789) 5. N.I. 1 Ant. It has generally a 
boulder in the centre, Ballymena Obs. (1892). 

TAMMY, sb. w.Yks'. 3 [ta'mi.l In comp. (i) Tammy- 
board, a thin slab of wood used for folding waistcoatings 
or light cloths round; (2) -hall, obs., the place where 
goods of tammy were exposed for sale. 

TA-MORN, TAMPERY, see To-morn, Temporary. 

TAMSIN, sb. Ken. [tae-mzin.] A little clothes' horse. 

Ken. 1 ; Ken. 2 Tamsin, or Thomasin, is a woman's name, as if it 
did the servant's business called by that name. 

TAMSON, sb. Sc. Irel. Also written Thamson Rnf. ; 
and in form Thomson Edb. [ta'msan.] In phr. (i)John 
Tamson's news, stale or unimportant news ; (2) Tamson's 
mare, ' Shanks' pony,' walking; (3) to be John Tamson's 
bairns or man, to be on an equality ; to be of one stock or 

(i) Tyr. (D.A.S.) Don. All that's John Tamson's news, 
Harper's Mag. (Oct. 1900) 794. (a) Sc. Tamson's mear would 
never be the thing for me this day of all days, STEVENSON Cairiona 
(1893) xix. (3) Frf. ' We're a' John Tamson's bairns,' ye say; 
Hech, birkies, but I doot ye're wrang, WATT Pott. Sketches (1880) 
73. Per. It's o' the Lord's mercies we're no consumed, gentle and 
simple thegilher ; we're a' John Tamson's bairns sae far as that 
gangs, CLELAND Inchbrackett (1883) 108, ed. 1887 ; Endit were my 
misfortunes than, If ye were ance John Tamson's man, HALI- 
BURTON Dunbar (1895) 62. Rnf. We're a' John Thamson's bairns, 
In unity let us agree, WEBSTER Rhymes (1835) 19. Lnk. We're 
a' John Tamson's bairns, guid wife, NICHOLSON Hante Idylls (1870) 
123. Edb. Women here, as well we ken, Would have us all John 
Thomson's men, PENNECUIK Wks. (1715) 329, ed. 1815. 

[(3) God gif je war Johne Thomsounis man ! DUNBAR 
Poems (c. 1510), ed. Small, II. 218.] 

TAMTARRIE, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written tamtary 
(JAM.). The state of being detained under frivolous pre- 
tences ; the state of being hindered. 

Sc. To hold one in tamtary, to vex or disquiet him, RUDDIMAN 
Inlrod. (1773) (s.v. Tary) (JAM.). S. & Ork. 1 

TAMTEEN, sb. Sc. A corrupted form of ' tontine.' 

(JAM.) ; Lucky Dods can hottle on as lang as the best of them 
ay though they had made a tamteen of it, SCOTT St. Ronan 
(1824) i. 

TAM-TRAM, v. Bnff. 1 [ta-m-tram.] TO play; to 
play fast and loose. 

TAN, s*. 1 and v. 1 Sc. Sti. Ken. Sus. Dev. [tan, taen.] 

1. sb. In coinb.(i) Tan-flawing, the business of stripping 

the bark oft' trees ; (2) -turves, turfs manufactured out 

of tan for the purpose of fuel ; (3) -yard, obsol., a slang 

expression for the poor-house. 

(i) Sus. (HALL.) ; Sus. 1 If I can get a job of tan-flawing I shall 
make out very well. (2) Dev. 1 (s.v. Turves). (3) Cal. 1 Very 
common for some years after the Poor Law Act, 1845. The 

paupers had the greatest aversion to indoor relief and called the 
Poorhouse by this name. 

2. Bark, esp. the bark of a young oak. Ken. 12 , Sus. 1 

3. v. In phr. to tan the land, to walk quickly ; to cover 
the land with shoe-leather. 

s.Stf. I could tan the land when I was younger, PINNOCK Bit. 
Cy. Ann. (1895). 

TAN, sb. 2 Obs. Lan. A twig. 

(K.) ; DAVIES Races (18561 272. a.Lan. PICTON Dial. (1865) 15. 

[OE. tan, a twig, branch (SWEET).] 

TAN, sb." Obs. Suf. The stickleback, Gaslerosleus 
trachurus. (HALL.) Cf. tantickle. 

TAN, sb* Sc. A temporary hut. 

Gall. Dirty low reeky tans were set here and there, CROCKETT 
Moss- Hags (1895) ii. 

TAN, v? and sb. 6 Chs. Not. Won Shr. Som. Also 
written tann Not. [tan, taen.] 1. v. To worry, tease ; 
to harp on one string ; esp. in comb. Tan-tan-tanning. 

s. Chs. 1 Oo)z bin on au' mau'min, taair, ta.-ur. taan in', dhun 
6o)z mai d mi uz maad' uz Ci tup in u au'tur. w.Wor. To tan him 
loike and rile him, S. BEAUCHAMP Grantley Grange (1874) II. 251. 
Shr. 1 I dunna know whad's the matter 66th our Missis; 'er's bin 
tan, tan, tanin' ever sence 'er got up this mornin'. 

2. To touch ; to fondle. Not. Tickin an tannin (J.H.B.). 

3. sb. A rage ; a tantrum. 

Som. SWEETMAN Wincanton Gl. (1885); I went away without 
bidding him good-byehe was in such a tan (W.F.R.). 

TAN, TANBASE, see Take, Then, adv., Tanbast(e. 

TANBAST(E, sb. and v. Obs. Som. Dev. Also in 
form tanbase Som. Dev. 1. sb. Unruly behaviour; 
scuffling, struggling, pulling about. 

e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (18731. n.Dev. Than tha wudst ha' enny 
more champ . . . and tanbast wi' en, Exnt. Scold. (1746) 1. 219. 
2. v. To beat, switch. Dev. GROSE (1790) MS. ada. 
(M.) ; Dev. 1 Cf. baste, v. 

TANCEL, v. Yks. Chs. Stf. Der. War. Wor. Shr. Hrf. 
Glo. Also written tancil w.Yks. 2 ; tansel Stf. Shr. 2 Hrf. 12 
Glo. 1 [ta-nsil, ta-nsl.] To beat, thrash ; to ill-use. 

w.Yks. 2 , Chs. 1 s.Stf. I'll tansel him well for playin' the wag, 
PINNOCK Blk. Cy. Ann. (1895). Der. 2 , War. 2 , ne.Wor. (J.W.P.), 
s.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 O6n yo' lave them apples alone, an' come out o' 
that orchut ? else I'll tancel yore 'ide for yo' ; Shr. 2 Tansel your 
jacket. Hrf. 12 , Glo. 1 

TANCELLOON, v. Wor. Hrf. Also written tansiloon 
Wor. Hrf. 2 To beat, thrash. See Tancel. 

s.Wor. Naow mind 'ee, a'll tancelloon 'ee if never a ketches 'ee 
at it agen. Wot 'e waants is a good tancelloonin' (H.K.). Wor., 
Hrf. I'll tansiloon your hide for yer, mind (R.M.E.). Hrf. 2 

TANCHIMENTS, sb. pi. Lan. Chs. [ta-nfiments.] 
1. Frippery ; articles of finery ; fanciful appliances. 
s.Lan. 1 Cf. tanklements. 2. Apparatus or materials 
for doing or making anything. 

Lan. Put a shovel o' sawt on th' fire, for between eaursels I verily 
believe my lay tanchimerits are o' witch'd, LAHEE Bewitched Tea- 
pots (1883) n. Chs. (R.P.) 

TANCY, see Tansy, sb. 1 

TAN-DAY, sb. Obs. w.Cy. Som. The second day ot 
a fair ; the day after a fair; a fair for fun. w.Cy. (HALL.) 
e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

TANDER,s6. Pern, [ta-nda(r).] A rotten phosphor- 
escent stick. s.Pem. (W.M.M.), (E.L.) Cf. tend, v. 4 

TANDER, see 'Tandrew. 

TANDIDDLED, ppl. adj. Hrf. [tarndidld.] Imposed 
upon, bewildered, cheated. BOUND Provinc. (1876). 

TANDLE, T'ANDRA, see Tawnle, Saint- Andrew. 

'TANDREW, sb. Nhp. Bdf. Hnt. Also in forms 
tander Nhp. 2 Hnt.; tandre, tandry Bdf. 1. The festival 
of St. Andrew, Dec. n, O.S. Nhp. 2 183. See Saint- 
Andrew. 2. Comp. (i) Tandrew-cake, a cake eaten on 
St. Andrew's Day ; (2) -fair, a fair held on St. Andrew's 
Day ; (3) -wig, a small bun eaten on St. Andrew's Day. 

(i) Bdf. A cake consisting of little more than bread adorned 
with currants and carroway seeds eaten on St. Andrew's Day 
(Nov. 30). Since the lace trade has been so unprofitable, the 
manufacture of Tandre cakes has been discontinued in some 
places (J.W.B.). (2) Hnt. (T.P.F.); N. & Q. (1851) ist S. iii. 
308. (3) Bdf. N. & Q. (1874) sth S. ii. 138. 




3. Phr. to keep Tandre, to keep the festival of St. Andrew, 
the patron saint of lacemakers. Bdf. (J.W.B.) 

T'ANDREW, T'ANDRY, see Saint- Andrew. 

TANE, see Take, Tone, num. adj. 

TANG, sb. 1 and v. 1 Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Chs. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Shr. Brks. e.An. w.Cy. Som. 
Also in forms taing Sc. HAM.) S. & Ork. 1 ; teang Cum. 1 ; 
tens N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 Dur. 1 w.Dur. 1 Lakel. 2 Cum. 14 Wm. 
n.Yks. 12 ne.Yks. 1 e.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 15 ; tyang Sc. 
(JAM.) [tarj, taerj ; ten.] 1. sb. The prong of a fork ; 
the spike of a knife or other instrument which fixes into 
the handle ; the pointed end of a shoe-lace ; any point. 
Cf. ting, sb. 1 

Sc. (JAM.) Abd. The taing o' a graip. The taing o' a fovv (it.'). 
Cld. (<&.), N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , Lakel. 2 Cum. Ah like a fork wi' a langer 
teang ner that (E.W.P.) ; Cum. 14 Wm. Get the smith to put a 
teng on that hook (B.K.). n.Yks. (I.W.), n.Yks. 12 w.Yks. 1 A 
fork wi three tangs; w.Yks. 24 , n.Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 , 
s.Chs. 1 , Stf. 1 , Der. 2 , Shr. 1 , w.Cy. (HALL.) e.Som. W. & J. Gl. 
(1873). w.Som. 1 Can't put nother 'an'l to thick there 'ook, 'cause 
the tang o' un's a-brokt. 

2. A pike ; a knife ; a piece of iron used for fencing ; 
anything ending in a point. 

s.Sc. (JAM.) n.Cy. GROSE (1790). Wm. The tang wants 
sharpening (B.K.). w.Yks. HUTTON Tour to Caves (1781). Lan. 
I're whettin" an owd tang upo' th 1 boiler top, Ab-o'tti '-Yale's 
Dinner (1886) u. ne.Lan, 1 

3. The fang of a tooth ; a main root or branch of a tree. 
e.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 Not. It' got three tangs to it tooth (J.H.B.). 
Hence Tanged, ppl. adj. forked, as a tree. 

w.Yks. 2 Chs. 1 A two-tanged tree, a three-tanged tree. 

4. The tongue of a buckle or of a jews'-harp. 

Cum. (M.P.), n.Yks. 14 , ne.Yks. 1 Lin. STREATFEILD Lin. and 
Danes (1884) 369. n.Lln. 1 , e.An. (HALL.) Nrf. COZENS-HARDY 
Broad Nrf. (1893) 84. Suf. 1 The tang of a shoe buckle used to be 
that point which passing through the strop confined it to the rim; 
like a harness buckle. 

5. Comb. Tang-o'-the-trump, (i) the tongue of a jews'- 
harp. Sc. QAM. Suppl.), N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 ; (a) fig. the active 
partner in a firm; the principal person in any popular 
outburst, ib. 6. The T-fastener of a cow-chain. 
n.Yks. (I.W.) 7. A low tongue of land projecting into 
the sea ; a narrow strip of land. Cf. ting, sb. 1 2. 

Sh.I. On the east of the Ness a narrow stripe of land stretches 
out that is named the Taing of Torness. The word Taing ex- 
presses the character of the low projecting cape, HIBBERT Desc. 
Sh. I. (1822) 228, ed. 1891 ; (Coll. L.L.B.) ; JAKOBSEN Dial. 
(i 8 97) 95! s - & Ork.i, Or.I. (J.G.), Cai. 1 nw.Der. 1 That feelt 
shoots up wi' a lung tang. 

8. The tongue of a snake or viper. 

n.Lin. 1 People believe it has the power of stinging. 

9. A sting ; an acute pain. Cf. ting, sb. 1 3. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790); N.Cy. 1 , Dur. 1 , w.Dur. 1 , Cum. (M.P.) 
n.Yks. 2 , e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. HUTTON Tour to Caves (1781) ; 
w.Yks. 12 , ne.Lan. 1 , Der. 2 s.Not. The fly allus leaves its tang iii 
(J.P.K.). Lin. STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes (1884) 369. Lin' 
n.Lin. 1 , sw.Lin. 1 

10. A disease in cattle affecting the tongue-roots and 
causing a large flow of saliva. n.Yks. 2 11. v. A cutlery 
term : to make the tapering part of the blade which fits 
into the handle. 

w.Yks. He mood'st blade. Then he tangs it, BYWATER 
Sheffield Dial. (1839) 33. s.Yks. (W.S.) 
12. To sting; also usedyz^. 

N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , Dur. 1 , w.Dur. 1 Lakel. 2 Ah gat teng'd wi' a wamp 
Cum.' His een was blufted wi' bein' tenged wi' bees, Penrith Obs. 
(Nov. 16, 1897). Wm. (B.K.), n.Yks. 12 ' ne.Yks. 1 T'wasp 
teng'd t'dog. e.Yks. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1788); e.Yks. 1 
Bees nobbut tengs yance. m.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. 123 =, ne.Lan. i Der. 
Come and tak' the wapses' nest; . . they wunna tang now' 
VERNEY Stone Edge (1868) vi ; Der. 12 Not. The bee's tanged me 
(J.H.B.). s.Not. A dunno what sort of a insect it is as tangs it 
(J. P. K.). n.Lin. l My bitch was tang'd wi' a hetherd. sw Lin i It 
tangs a bit yet. Brks. (M.J.B.) 

Hence (i) Tanged, ppl. adj of cattle: afflicted with a 
disease affecting the tongue-roots ; see Tongue-tenged 
s.v. Tongue, 1 (28) ; (2) Tanged-stone, sb. an ' adder- 
stone (q.v.) ; (3) Tanger, sb. (a) anything which stings ; 

(b}fig. a deceitful person ; (4) Tang-fish, sb. the sting-fish, 
Trachinus vipera ; (5) Tanging, ppl. adj. of a pain, &c. : 
shooting ; (6) Tanging-ether, -edder, -nadder, or -nether, 
sb. the dragon-fly; (7) Tanging-nettle, sb. the common 
stinging-nettle, urtica dioica; (8) Tang-tongues, sb. the 
common watercress, Nasturtium offidnale ; (9) Tangy- 
leather, sb., see (6). 

(i) n.Yks. Hee's teng'd, hee'l dee, MERITON Praise Ale (1684) 

1. 149; n.Yks. 1 Any animal of the ox kind is liable to an affection 
which by the Dale's people is attributed to the venom of a small 
insect ; 'a small red spider, . . attacking the roots of the tongue.' 
The symptoms are swelling of the parts and copious or excessive 
discharge of saliva. Tongued-tenged is the customary expression ; 
but a tenged Ox or Owse amply conveys its own meaning to 
country ears; n.Yks. 2 The spider notion of the complaint is not 
now entertained, but the swelling of the tongue often goes further 
downwards and proves fatal. To ' slavver like a teng'd owce." 
e.Yks. An egg, broken upon the part, is considered as a remedy, 
if applied in time, MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1796). (2) n.Yks. 2 
(3, ) w.Yks. Hornits 's waur tengers nor hummabees, Leeds Merc. 
Suppl. (Dec. 17, 1898). (b) w.Yks. CUDWORTH Horton (1886) 
Gl. (4) n.Yks. (T.S.) (5) w.Yks. T'wind i t'stomach, t'rew- 
metism, An tengin pains it goom, PRESTON Poems 0864) 6; 
Troublesome tengin corns, BANKS Wkfld. Wds. (1865). (6) 
N.Cy. 1 , Dur. 1 , n.Yks. (I.W.), m.Yks. 1 (7) e.Yks. (B. & H.) (8) 
n.Yks. 2 As being pungent to the taste. (9) n.Yks. (T.K.) 

13. To deprive an insect or reptile of its sting. 

w.Yks. 6 'Catch't a hummle-bee, Bil ! ' ' Let's teng it, then ! ' 

[7. ON. iangi, a spit of land, a point projecting into the 
sea or river ( VIGFUSSON).] 

TANG, sb. 2 Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Yks. Lan. [tan.] 1. A 
species of sea-weed ; tangle. See Sea-tang, s.v. Sea, 1 (n). 

Sh.I. Curse apo Jeemson an' his dirt o' tabaaka. Hit's as weet 
as tang, Sh. A'ews (Oct. 2, 1897). Or.I. (JAM.), (J.A.S.), S. & 
Ork. 1 , N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , m.Yks. 1 , Lan.l 

2. Comp. (i) Tang-bow,the round hollow growth on sea- 
weed ; (a) -cow, a bunch of sea-weed ; (3) -fish, the 
smaller seal, Phoca vitulina (4) -sparrow, the rock pipit, 
Anthus obscurus; (5) -whaup, the whimbrel, Numenius 

(i) S. & Ork. 1 (a) Or.I. ELLIS Pronunc. (1889) V. 797. (3) 
Sh.I. There were many of the smaller seals, or Tang-fish, so named 
from being supposed to live among the Tang, or larger fuci that 
grow near the shore, HIBBERT Desc. Sh. I. (1822) 274, ed. 1891 ; 
S. & Ork. 1 (4) Sh.I. SWAINSON Birds (1885) 46 ; S. & Ork. 1 (5) 
Sh.I. From their being found among the tang or seaweed, searching 
for Crustacea, SWAINSON it. 199 ; S. & Ork. 1 

[Dan. tang, sea-weed, tangle (LARSEN).] 

TANG, sb. 3 and v. 2 Sc. Yks. Lan. Lin. Hrt. e.An. Ken. 
I.W. Dev. Cor. [tan, taerj.] 1. sb. A strong or peculiar 
taste or flavour, esp. an unpleasant one. Cf. twang. 

Sc. (JAM. Suppl.'), n.Lan. 1 , n.Lin. 1 , ne.Lin. (E.S.) sw.Lin. 1 It 
h-sd a bit of a tang, but I weshed and cleaned it well. Hrt. ELLIS 
Mod. Husb. (1750) III. i. 127. e.An. 1 , Snf. (C.T.) ne.Ken. There's 
a peculiar tang in this cheese I don't like (H.M.). I.W. 1 It leaves 
a nasty tang in the mouth ; I.W. 2 Dev. GROSE (1790) Suppl. ; 
Theer's a funny tang to it tu. 'Twas from the cask eh ? PHILL- 
POTTS Sons of Morning (1900) 62. Cor. 12 

2. v. To taste unpleasantly. Lin. (W.W.S.) 3. To 
contaminate. n.Yks. 2 

[1. Cp. Tongge, or scharpnesse of lycure yn tastynge, 
acumen (Prompt.).] 

TANG, v. 3 and sb* Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Not. Lei. Nhp. 
War. Wor. Shr. Hrf. Glo. Brks. Hmp. I.W. Wil. Also 
in form tong Sc. Not. 1 Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 War. 3 Shr. 12 Glo. 1 
Hmp. 1 w.Cy. [tan, tasrj.] 1. v. To ring or toll a bell ; 
of a bell : to sound loudly, clearly, or with a measured 
sound ; esp. used of a harsh bell. Cf. ting, v. 2 

Abd. Oh ! that noisy, brazen bell, with its dull, unpleasant knell, 
It will drive me to a cell, as it tongs, tongs, tongs, OGG Willie 
Waly (1873) 159. Not. 1 , Lei.", Nhp. 1 , War." Shr. 1 The girld 
never put the net o' tatoes i' the biler till 'er 'card the bell tong ; 
Shr. 2 Properly applies ... to a large heavy one, the great bell. 
Glo. 1 Brks. 1 ' I yerd the bell tang dree times 20 ut mus' be a man 
as has died.' It is customary for the bell to ' tang ' three times on 
:he death of a man, twice for a woman, and once for a child, and 
the tolling of a deeper toned bell follows after. It should be 
mentioned that three strokes on four other bells usually precede 




llic numbers 'tanged ' as above referred to. Hm?. 1 The bells be 
tonged. I.W. 1 Tang that bell ; I.W. 2 , w.Cy. (HALL.) Wll. 
BRITTON Beauties (1825) ; Wil. 1 

2. To make a noise ; to make ' rough music ' (q.v.). 
Glo. (H.S.H.), Wil. 1 

3. Obsol. To make a loud noise by beating on shovels, 
&c. while bees are swarming ; gen. in phr. to tang bees. 

N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 Countrymen tang bees when swarming by beating 
on shovels, tea-trays, or tin-vessels, to induce the swarm to settle. 
Not. 1 Lei. 1 To tang bees ... for the double purpose, it is said, of 
asserting a claim to the ownership of the swarm and of collecting 
the bees together. Nhp. 1 , War." 3 , w.Wor. 1 se.Wor. 1 To call 
bees (when swarming") by making a noise, usuall3' with a fire shovel 
or warming pan and a door key. It is said that if bees fly away, 
whoever follows and tangs them can claim them wherever they 
may settle. s.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 Mak' 'aste an' fatch the warmin'-pon 
an' the kay o" the 'ouse to tang the bees, or they'n be off, they flyen 
mighty 'igh ; Shr. 2 Tang the frying-pan, and they'n soon knitt. 
Hrf. 12 , Glo. 1 Brks. The process in question, known in country 
phrase as ' tanging,' is founded upon the belief that the bees will 
not settle unless under the influence of this peculiar music, and 
the constable, holding faithful to the popular belief, rushed down 
his garden 'tanging' as if his life depended upon it, HUGHES 
T. Brown Oxf. (1861) xxiii. Hmp. 1 I.W. 2 Maken a middlen 
tangen . . . wi' the zifter and pot led, enough to frighten all the 
bees in the parish. Wil. To make a noise with a key and a shovel 
at the time of swarming of a hive, not, as is supposed, to induce 
them to settle, but to give notice of the rising of the swarm, which 
could not be followed if they went on a neighbour's premises, 
unless this warning was given, BRITTON Beauties (1825) ; Wil. 1 

4. sb. The sound of a bell, esp. the sound produced by 
a slow, single stroke on a church bell ; the stroke itself. 

War. 3 Shr. Giving a few tongs on the bell, BURNS Fit-Lore 
(1883-6) xxxvii ; Shr. 1 ' The bell gies a long or two w'en they 
comen out o' Church, jest to tell folks to get the dinner ready.' 
This was said with reference to a usage which obtained at 
Churton Church of sounding the bell as the congregation left, by 
way of conveying a timely warning to their respective households 
far or near that they were ' out,' and to have all things in 
readiness for their return. Wil. It's Johnson's flock ; I know the 
tang of his tankards, JEFFERIES Gt. Estate (1880) vi. 

5. Comp. Tang-rang, sb. a noise ; an uproar, esp. used 
of the noise formerly made when bees were swarming. 

War. 3 What a tang-rang they are making after those bees. 
Wor. ALLIES Antiq. Fit-Lore (1840) 125, ed. 1853. 

6. The timbre of the voice ; a twang. 

Gall. A brisk stirring voice followed him with the snell Scottish 
scolding ' tang ' in it, which is ever more humorous than alarming 
to those whom it addresses, CROCKETT Kit Kennedy (1899) iii. 

7. A sweet and pleasant sound. Shr. 2 

TANG, v* and sb* Pern. Glo. Som. Dev. [taerj.] 

1. v. To tie. Cf. ting, v. a 

Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). e.Som. W. & J. Gl. 
(i873\ Dev. MOORE Hist. Dev. (1829) I. 355. 

2. sb. Obs. A large girth used to fasten the load or 
panniers on to the pack-saddle. Glo. Horae Subsecivae 
( J 777) 426- Cf. ting, v. a 3. 3. A withe used for tying; 
a bent stick used in thatching. 

s.Pem. Gen. in pi. A withe bent double with a special twist and 
driven as a double peg into the thatch (M.S.C.); (W.M.M.); LAWS 
Little Eng. (1888) 421. 

TANG, adj. Obs. Slk. (JAM.) Straight, tight. 

TANGHAL, sb. Obs. Per. (JAM.) A bag, satchel. 
Cf. toighal. 

TANGIE, sb. Sh.&Or.I. [ta'rji.] 1. A sea-spirit; 
see below. 

Sh.I. Ye're no like a bodie ava dat hes diiins wi' evil speerits 
tangies, brownies, witches, STEWART Tales (1892) 5 ; S. & Ork. 1 
A sea-spirit which frequents the shores, supposed at times to assume 
the appearance of a horse, at other times that of an old man. Or.I. 
This imaginary being is supposed to have his origin from the lumi- 
nous appearance of the tangle, when it is tossed by the sea (JAM.). 
2. A young seal. Or.I. (JAM. Suppl.) 

TANGLE, sb., v. and adj. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. 
and Eng. [ta'rjl, tae-rjgl.] 1. sb. In cotnp. (i) Tangle- 
backit,Tong and lean in the back; (2) -grass, the creeping 
buttercup, Ranunculus refens; (3) -leg(s, strong beer; (4) 
picker, the turnstone, Strepsilas interpres ; (5) -toad, see 
(2) ; (6) -wise, long and slender. 

(i) Sc. Ye were aye yin o' the tangle-backit kind, KEITH Indian 
Uncle( 1896) 173. (2) se. Yks. (I.W.) (3)e.An.l Wil. [They] cry 
for some more 'tangle-legs' for thus they call the strong beer, 
JEFFERIES Gt. Estate (1880) iv. (4) Nrf. SWAINSON Birds (1885) 
187 ; Called . . . the tangle-picker, from its habit of turning over 
seaweed as well as stones in quest of its living Corn/i. Mag. (Apr. 
'893)369- (5) w-Yks. (I.W.) (6) CId. (JAM.) 
2. All plants of the water milfoil, Myriophyllunt, and the 
pondweed, Potatnogeton, tribes. Cum.* 3. The long 

fibre of a root, as of a potato. 

n.Yks. 4 ne.Yks. 1 When t'tang'ls is brokken they can't taatie. 

4. A lock of hair. 

Lan. 1 s.Lan. Her bonny tangles Were hung wi' star-spangles, 
BAMFORD Poems, 148. 

5. An icicle. 

Sc. (JAM.) Abd. The chilly tangles drippin' fa' In mony an icy 
string, CADENHEAD Bon-Accoid (1853) 314. Frf. The waterspout 
that suspends the ' tangles ' of ice over a gaping tank, BARRIE 
Lie/it (1888) i. Rnf. Frae ilk buss, the tangles gay, Hang skinklin' 
in the mornin' ray, PICKEN Poems (1813) I. 77. 

6. Anything hanging, as a torn piece of a dress. 
w.Yks. Her gown was all rives and tangles (C.C.R.). 

7. A thriftless, slatternly person ; also in pi. w.Yks. 
(C.C.R.), w.Yks. 8 8. Obs. A tall, lank person. 

n.Sc. (JAM.) Abd. We'll behad a wee, She's but a tangle, tho' 
shot out she be, Ross Helenore (1768) 20, ed. 1813. 

9. Fig. A difficulty ; a state of mental confusion or per- 

Abd. ' Sir John wha ? ' says he, putting on a show of being in a 
tangle, COBBAN Angel (1898) 180. Brks. 1 I be veelin' in a tangle 
zomehow an' wants to thenk a bit. Cor. You ave got yerself in a 
putty tangle, T. Towser (1873) 20. 

10. pi. The knots of scroll-work cut on Celtic crosses, 
&c. Sc. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (C.) 11. v. Fig. To 
entangle ; to ensnare ; to embarrass ; also with up. 

Arg. You're nothing but a fool to be tangled up with the creature, 
MUNRO Shoes of Fort. (1901) 259. Gall. Our minister will never 
tangle himsel' wi' marriage engagements, CROCKETT Standard 
Bearer (1898) 165. Own. Mony a lad wud dee tae win ye Why 
sae tangle me? SAVAGE-ARMSTRONG Ballads (1901) 25. 
12. adj. Tall and feeble ; loose-jointed ; relaxed in con- 
sequence of fatigue ; too weary to stand. 

Sc. MACKAY. Fif. A lang tangle lad (JAM.). Slk. (ib.) 

TANGLEMENT, 56. Lan. Chs. Som. [ta'nlment, 
mant.] 1. A tangle ; a knot ; fig. a difficulty ; anything 
involved or confused. 

Chs. 1 s.Chs. 1 Dhisroa - p)s in & praat-i taangg-lmunt. w.Som. 1 
However's anybody gwain to get droo these yer brimmlcs, nif 
they an't a-got nother'ook vor to cut 'em they be all to a proper 

2. pi. Fanciful appliances ; frippery ; articles of female 
finery. s.Lan. 1 Cf. tanklements. 

TANGLENESS,s6. Obs. Sc. Indecision, fluctuation; 
pliability of opinion. 

(JAM.) ; Donald's the callan that brooks nac tangleness, HOGG 
Jacob. Rcl. (1819) I. 102. 

TANGLESOME, adj. Obs. Suf. 1 Discontented, 
fretful ; obstinate. 

[Cp. tanggyl, or froward and angry, bilosus (Prompt.).} 

TANGLING, ppl. adj. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Also written 
tangleing n.Cy. [ta'nlin.] Untidy, slatternly; lounging, 
loitering ; esp. used of a woman. Cf. tangly, 2. 

n.Cy. A poor tangling sort of a body, GROSE (1790) Supfl, 
n.Yks. 12 , ne.Lan. 1 

TANGLY, adj. Sc. Yks. [ta-rjli.] 1. Entangling, 


n.Yks. This crowfoot is tangly. A tangly tree (I.W.). 

2. Untidy, slatternly; lounging, loitering; esp. used of a 
woman. Cf. tangling. 

n.Yks. 1 ; n.Yks. 2 A lang tangly lass, as lazy as she's lang; n.Yks. 4 

3. Long and slender. 

Per. A tangly tappin for a rod He in his nervous right hand 
claspit, SPENCE Poems (1898) 141. Edb. Tanglie taperin' tails, 
FORBES Poems (1812) 57. n.Yks. He's a great tangly lad (I.W.). 

TANGS, sb. pi. Nrf. [tserjz.J In phr. to te in fretfy 
tangs, to be in a fine mess. MILLER & SKERTCHLY Fenland 
(1878) iv. 

TANGS, see Tongs. 

E a 




TAN -HILL APPLE,/)//;-. Wil. A' Quarrender' apple. 

n Wil So called because it comes in about the time of the fair at 
Tan Hill (G.E.D.). 

TANJAKE, sb. Cor. [tavndzek.] The house-snail. 

TANK, sb. 1 Nhb. Yks. Lan. Wil. and Amer. [tank.] 

1. A piece of deep water, natural or artificial ; a pond. 
w.Yks. WILLAN List Wds. (1811). ne.Lan. 1 [Amer. Drive 

your horse into the tank, Dial. Notes (1896) I. 426.] 

2. The insoluble sediment from the dissolving tanks in 
alkali works ; also in contp. Tank-waste. Nhb. 1 3. A 
milk-churn ; a vessel for sending milk by rail. 

n.Wil. Defendant came . . . through her garden with an empty 
' tank 'that is, a milk churn. . . They took ' tanks ' across it in- 
stead of . . . round the road, Devises Gazette (June 20, 1895). 

TANK, sb. 3 and v. 1 Yks. Chs. Stf. Not. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Wor. Also in forms tenk Chs. 1 ; tonk Nhp. 1 [tank.] 

1. sb. A blow ; a knock ; a kick from a horse. 

w.Yks. Whot didta break that spoon for ? Aw tae thi a tank fur 
that (D.L.). Cl s.' Fetch him a tank o'th' maw; Chs. 3 Gee him 
a tank o'er the ear. s.Chs. 1 Tu faach- u mon u taangk- iipu dhu 
yed widh u pahykil. Stf. 1 , Not. 2 Lei. 1 Shay gen 'er yead a tank 
agen the lather. Nhp. 1 He fetch'd him a tank o' th' yed ; Nhp. 2 , 
War. 23 * 

2. v. To strike, knock ; to beat with a switch or other 
light instrument. 

Lei. 1 Tank at the door. War. To give a tanking [i.e. not so 
severe as ' a thrashing'] (C.T.O.) ; War. 23 

3. To hit a stone against a basin so as to attract 
attention ; to make a ringing noise by striking anything 

w.Wor. (H.B.); Didna yer hear maatankin'? S. BEAUCHAMP 
N. Hamilton (1875) II. 143. 

TANK, si. 3 Dev. [taerjk.] An old-fashioned country 

She was engaged to me for the tank, BARING-GOULD Spicier 
(1887) II. 70. 

TANK, v? and s*. 4 Stf. War. w.Cy. [tank.] 1. v. 
To gossip, chatter ; to loiter idly about. 

Stf. They go tanking around (W.H.). War.*; War. 3 Get on 
with your work don't be tanking about after those chaps. 
2. sb. An idle amusement. w.Cy. (HALL.) 
TANKARD, sb. Midi. Wil. [tae'rjkad.] 1. In comp. 
Tankard-turnip, obs., the long-rooted turnip. Midi. MAR- 
SHALL Rur. Econ. (1796) II. 2. A sheep-bell. 

Wil. It's Johnson's flock; I know the tang of his tankards, 
JEFFERIES Gt. Estate (1880) vi ; Wil. 1 It is said that the whole of 
the ' tankards ' in use in England are made at Great Cheverell. 

TANKER, sb. 1 Sc. Also written tankar, tankor. 
[ta'rjkar.] A dial, form of tankard.' 

e.Sc. I've broken the jug, mother, but I'll fetch the ale in a 
tankar', STRAIN Elmslie's Drag-net (1900) 258. Edb. Caused the 
emptying of so many ale tankers, MOIR Mansie Wauch (1828) ii. 
Gall. The smirking lady gay And faeming tankor, MACTAGGART 
Ettcyd. (1824) 401, ed. 1876. 

TANKER, sb. 2 Bnff. 1 [ta'nkar.] Any thing large and 
ugly, esp. of a person or lean animal. 

TANKER, v. Der. 2 nw.Der. 1 [ta'rjka(r).] To make 
a noise. 

TANKERABOGUS, see Tantarabobus. 
TANKEROUS, adj. e.An. 1 [tse'rjksras.] An aphetic 
form of ' cantankerous.' 

TANKERSOME, adj. Obs. Suf. 1 Fractious, fretful, 
ill-humoured. ' Haw tankersome yeow dew fare.' 

TANKLE, si. Sc. [ta-nkl.] An icicle. SeeTankling, 
1, Tinkel-tankel. 

Per. The linn wi' lang tankle ishingin', SPEHCE Poems (t8gS) 18. 
TANKLE, v. Lan. Der. [ta'rjkl.] 1. To repair, 

tinker up. Cf. tinkle, v. 1 

s.Lan. 1 Aw mun tankle it up th' best road aw con. 
2. To idle, trifle. Der. 2 , nw.Der. 1 
TANKLEMENTS, sb. pi. Yks. Lan. Also in form 
tankliment w.Yks. 3 [ta'rjklments.] Implements ; ac- 
coutrements ; litter ; small ornaments ; articles of finery, 
&c. Cf. tanglement, 2. 

w.Yks. 3 The tankliments of the mantelshelf are its ornaments; 

the tankliments of a gardener, his spade, rake, &c. Lan. Let tin 
bits o' tanklements stop where they are, WAUGH Heather (ed. 
Milner) I. 246. s.Lan. 1 (s.v. Tanglements). 
TANKLET, sb. Nhb. 1 [ta-qklit.] An icicle. See 

TANKLING, sb. and adv. Nhb. Lan. [ta-qklin.] 

1. sb. A dangling thing ; a pendant. See Tankle, sb. 
Lan ! ' Hello, Dick, what's that bit o' th' tanklin' thou's getten 

thrut o'er thi shoolder ? ' ' It's a cock-chicken, owd lad,' WAUGH 
Chim. Corner (1874) 216, ed. 1879. 

2. Harness, fittings, 'tackle.' s.Lan. 1 3. adv. Dangling. 
Nhb. 1 He toss'd the grey gyus ower his back, An' her neck it 

hung tanklin doon, O, Old Rhyme. 

TANNAGE, sb. Sc. [ta'nidg.] A tannery. 

BnET. There are also in the Parish, a Tannage, a Distillery, and 
of late, a Bleachfield, GORDON Keith (1880) 12. 

TANNER, s*. 1 Nhp. Glo. Hnt. [tae'na(r).] In comb. 
(i) Tanner's apron, the garden auricula, Primula 
Auricula ; (2) -'s clots, (3) -knobs, obsol., bark after it has 
been deprived of its astringent properties, made into 
small squares, and dried for fuel. 

(i) Glo Apparently confined to the yellow variety (B. & H.) ; 
Glo. 1 (2) Nhp. 1 (3) Hnt. (T.P.F.) 

TANNER, sb. 2 Sc. Nhb. Dur. [ta'nsr.] 1. A small 
root of a tree ; the fang of a tooth ; the root of a corn, boil, 
&c. Lth. (JAM.), Nhb. 1 , e.Dur. 1 2. That part of a frame 
of wood which is fitted into a mortice. Sc. GAM.) 

TANNO, TANNY, see Tino, adv., Tawny, Tino, adv. 

TANNYIKS, sb. pi. Sh.I. Also in form tynicks. 
The teeth. 

' Lat me see if du's gotten dy tannyiks ! ' is a Fetlar phrase 
addressed to a small child, JAKOBSEN Dial. (1897) 45 ; Wir bairn 
is a per ill triven ting gaain" in his trid year an' no gotten his 
tynicks (J.S.). 

[Cp. ON. tdnn (gen. tanttar), tooth (VIGFUSSON).] 

TANO-, see Tino, adv. 

TAN-PIN, sb. Chs. 1 [ta'n-pin.] A plumber's tool for 
stopping a pipe temporarily. 

TANRACKET, sb. Dev. 2 [tae'nraekit.] A racket, 
noise, confusion ; a noisy crowd. 

TANSEL, TANSILOON, see Tancel, Tancelloon. 

TANSY, sb. 1 Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Chs. Nhp. Glo. 
Brks. Also in form tancy Cum. [ta-nzi, tae'nzi; ta'nsi.] 

1. In comp. (i) Tansy-cake, (a) a girdle-cake flavoured 
with tansy ; (b) a merrymaking ; (2) -night, see below ; 
(3) -pudding, a pudding flavoured with tansy ; (4) -tea, an 
infusion of tansy. 

(i, o) Nhb. 1 (6) Nhb. Tansy cakes and other merry makings 
were held, RICHARDSON Borderer's Table-bk. (1846) VII. 388. (a) 
Cum. Tansy nights . . . were presided over by the ladies, who 
provided tansy puddings and rich rum sauce, w.Cum. Times (Apr. 
26, 1902) 3, col. 3. (3) Nhb. 1 A pudding made of flour and eggs 
and seasoned with tansy. It is still occasionally met with. Cum. 
w.Cum. Times (Apr. 26, 1902) 3, col. 3. e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 2 A 
sweet pudding in which the juice of tansy is a compound, eaten 
on a particular day in spring. (4") Nhb. 1 Brks. Patent pills and 
soothing syrups have taken the place of calamint and tansy tea, 
Spectator (Apr. 12, 1903). 

2. Phr. my delight's in tansies, a children's singing game ; 
see below. 

Sth. ' And my delight's in tansies, My delight's in pansies ; My 
delight's in a red red rose, The colour of my Maggie, oh ! Heigh 
oh ! my Maggie, oh ! My very bonnie Maggie, oh ! All the world 
I would not give For a kiss from Maggie, oh ! ' In the third verse 
[? first] you should ' clap your tails ' till the end of the verse. 
Take some one out at ' The colour of my Maggie, oh ! ' NICHOLSON 
Golspie (1897) 130. 

3. A village feast held on Shrove Tuesday ; a merry- 
making in a public-house. 

Nhb. 1 The fund was expended in refreshments for the (football) 
players after the game was ended, consisting of hot ale and cake, 
ad libitum, the feast being followed by a dance. This feast the 
villagers (of Rothbury) called ' The Tansy,' DIXON Shrove-tide, 4. 
Cum. 4 Tansy belongs to the Borders, and amongst other places, 
to the neighbourhood of Hesket, SULLIVAN Cum. and Wm. (1857) 
82. There were 'cellar-openings' and annual suppers . . . and 
tancies patronised by the women of the place, BURN Brampton 
(1893) ii. 




4. The leaf only of the tansy, the flowers being called 
'buttons.' n.Yks. (B. & H.) 5. The silver-weed, 

Potentilla Anserina. Cum., n.Yks., Nhp. (B. & H.) See 
Goose-tansy, s.v. Goose, I. 2 (n). 6. The common 

yarrow, Ach.illea Millefolium. 

Chs. From the finely cut leaves resembling those of the true 
Tansy (B. & H.); Chs. 1 
7. The corn-marigold, Chrysanthemum segetum. Glo. 1 

TANSY,s6. 2 Dev. [tae'nzi.] The fish, Blenniuspholis. 

The smooth shan, shanny, or tansy, of our southern shore-boys, 
GoodWds. (1864) 671. 

TANT, t>. 1 Ken. [taent.] To place anything out of 
the perpendicular. (P.M.) Hence to go a tanting, phr. 
to play at see-saw, (ib.) 

TANT, v? and sb. Sc. Won. [tant] 1. v. To argue 
or dispute in a captious, quarrelsome manner ; to rage. 
Sc. (JAM. Sttppl.) See Tanter. 2. sb. A rage, temper. 

s.Wor. A wuz 'mos' ready to be in a despret tant afoer I telled 
'e annythin' on it (H.K.X 

TANT, v? m.Yks. 1 [tant] To potter or idle about. 

TANT, see Taunt, v. 1 * 

TANTABLET, sb. Obs. e.An. 1 An open tart orna- 
mented with strips and twirls of pastry. Cf. tantadlinig. 

TANTABOMING, see Tanterboming. 

TANTADDLEMENT, sb. s.Chs. 1 [tanta'dlmant] 
A trifle. Cf. tantadlinfg. 

s.Chs. 1 It is often contemptuously used of all mere accomplish- 
ments, which seem wanting in solid value, of confectionery as 
opposed to plain food, &c. 

TANTADLIN(G, sb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Lin. 
Lei. War. Hrf. Glo. Also written tantaddlin s.Chs. 1 ; 
and in forms tantaflin Not. ; tantatlin s.Lan. 1 ; tantat- 
lin(g w.Yks. Not. [tanta'dlin.] 1. A small tart ; an 

appTe-dumpling ; light delicacies, esp. sweets, in contra- 
distinction to more substantial food ; also used attrib. 

w.Yks. Tan tadlin's, or owt else, e't paistry way, at wor 
wanted, TOM TREDDLEHOYLE Exhebishan (1857) 12; Hlfx. Courier 
(July 3, '897*1 ; w.Yks. 2 ' All kinds of tantadlins,' applied to any 
small tart made of pastry and jam. nw.Der. 1 s.Not. She made 
cakes an' tantaflin sorts o' things. A bit o' that beef for me ; a 
don't care for non o' yer tarts an' tantaflins (J.P.K.). Hrf. An 
apple dumpling made in circular form, BOUND Provinc. (i876\ 

2. Comp. Tantadlin-tart, (i) a small, light tart; any 
kind of dainty ; fancy food ; (2) unpalatable food ; see 
below; (3) cow-dung. 

(i) s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 The word is not always confined to tarts, but is 
sometimes used for all the small sweets at a dinner, such as cheese 
cakes, custards, &c., in contradistinction to the more substantial 
roast joints and plum pudding. s.Chs. 1 The word has generally 
a depreciatory sense. se.Lin. (J.T.B.) War. 2 Children are some- 
times promised a tantadlin-tart, when there is no intention to 
provide a delicacy of any kind. (2) Lin. 1 Lei. 1 The composition 
of this delicacy varies considerably, but apples, onions, and fat 
bacon are among the most constant of its elements. Unwary 
enquirers into its constituents are apt to find themselves the 
victims of a curiously unsavoury joke. War. 2 A pasty, the true 
contents of which have been abstracted and replaced by some 
nasty compound. (3) nw.Der. 1 , War. 2 

3. Fig. A contemptuous term for anything strange, 
fanciful, or fantastic. s.Lan. 1 

TANTAFLIN, see Tantadlin(g. 

TANTALLON, sb. Sc. Also written Tantallan. In 
phr. to ding down Tantallon, to surpass all bounds. 

Bnff. 1 T'ding Tam-tallan [sic]. Hdg. The rhyme, generally 
given with a preliminary sort of sneering 'Ou, aye,' 'Ding doun 
Tantallon, An' build a Brig tae the Bass,' indicating something 
deemed to be impossible, before the days of dynamite and Forth 
Bridges, MONTGOMERIE-FLEMING Notes on Jam. (1899) ; Situated 
directly opposite to the Bass at a distance of i^ miles across a 
frequently tumbling sea, its redoubtableness of character gave 
rise to the pithy popular saying 'Ding doon Tantallon? Mak 
a brig to the Bass,' Gasellter of Sc. (1842). 

TANTAMUS, TANTANY, see Saint-Anthony, Tan- 

TANTARA, sb. Dev. Cor. Also written tantarra 
Dev. 1 Cor. [taenta'ra.] A noise ; a disturbance ; an out- 
cry. Cf. tantaran. 

Dev. 1 ' Poor dame is amost off her legs ; turmoil'd to death 
between wan thing and t'cther : quite a cow'd out.' ' How 
happ'd thecca tantarra then ? ' 3. s.Dev. Fox Kingsbridgi (1874). 
Cor. Nort no, not the screech o' horns blawed by all the angels 
in heaven could be awfuller than the tantarra o' this gert 
tempest, PHILLPOTTS Prophets (1897) 303. 

TANTARABOBUS, sb. Som. Dev. Cor. Also in forms 
tankerabogus Dev. ; tantarabobs Dev. 1 ; tanterabobus 
Cor. 1 ; tantrabobus.tantrumbobusCor.' 2 [taentorobo bos.) 

1. A name for the devil ; a bogie. 

w.Som. 1 Usually preceded by ' old.' It is also used very often 
as a playful nickname for any boy or man. A frequent saying in 
reply to a question as to the age of any one lately deceased is 
'Oh! I reckon he lived same's Tantarabobus [tan'turuboa'bus] 
all the days of his life.' 'Nif thee disn mind and alter thy hand, 
th'old Tantarabobus '11 be arter thee ! ' Dev. Now, Polly, yO'vc 
abin a bad, naughty maid, and cf yQ be sich a wicked cheel again, 
I'll zend vur tankerabogus tQ come and car yd away tQ 'is pittee- 
'awl, HEWETT Peas. Sf. (1892); Dev. 1 The jail take her father, 
say I, 'twas his doing; I did'n care if the old tantarabobs had'n, 
6. Cor. 1 ' Like tantrabobus, lived till he died.' Sometimes, ' like 
Tantra-bobus" cat.' 

2. A term applied to a noisy, playful child. 
Cor. 1 ; Cor. 2 Oh ! you tantra-bobus ! 

TANTARAN, sb. I.Ma. Noise, uproar. Cf. tantara. 

A tantaran ... to waken the dead, BROWN Doctor (1887) 33. 

TANTARA-STILE, sb. War. 8 A ' fall-stile ' (q.v.). 

TANTARROW, sb. Nhp. War. [tanta'ro.] A pie 
made of meat, apples, &c., something similar to a ' squab- 
pie.' Nhp. 1 We shall have a tantarrow for dinner. War. 8 

TANTARUM, see Tantrum. 

TANTASSA, int. w.Wor. 1 In phr. tantassa, tantassa 
pig, tow a row, a row ! a call to pigs. (s.v. Calls.) 

TANTATLING, see Tantadlin(g. 

TANTAWDHERLY, adj. Yks. Also in form tan- 
tawdhryly. [ta'nt^'Sali.] Tawdry, slovenly. See Taw- 

e.Yks. What a tan-tawdherly woman Bess Robinson is, 
NICHOLSON Fit. Sp. (1889) 95 ; e.Yks. 1 

TANTER, v. Sc. (JAM. Sttppl.) N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 [ta'ntar.] 
To quarrel ; to argue, dispute in a captious manner ; to 
rage. See Tant, v. 2 

[Cp. Norw. dial, tandra, tantra, to scold, to rate (AASEN).] 

TANTERABOBUS, see Tantarabobus. 

TANTERBOMING, ppl.adj. Dev. Also written tanta- 
boming. [taentabo'min.J Faulty ; crooked ; out of place. 

He had fixed a stone in my garden, and I made him alter it, 
after which he said that ' it did not look so tanterboming,' 
meaning that it was not so much awry, Reports Provinc. (1889) ; 
In common use at this present time among the middle and lower 
classes, and is applied to anything which happens to be faulty, or 
in any way not as it should be, ib. (1893). 

TANTERLICK, sb. Fif. Ayr. JAM.) [ta'ntarlik.] A 
severe stroke. 

TANTFELLYIN, sb. Sh.I. A young animal, esp. a 
horse, losing its teeth. JAKOBSEN Dial. (1897) 45- Cf. 

TANTHUNDER, sb. Obs. or obsol. Dur. A commo- 
tion. GIBSON Up-Weardale Cl. (1870). 

TANTICKLE, sb. e.An. 2 Suf. 1 [tae'ntikl.] The 
stickleback, Gasterosteiis trachurus. Cf. stanstickle. 

TANTIDDY, see Saint Anthony. 

TANTIVY, sb. and adv. Sc. Lakel. Yks. War. Also 
in form tantwivvy Lakel. 2 [tanti'vi.] 1. sb. Quick 
speed ; great haste. See Tivvy. 

Lakel. 2 He was gaan efter t'hoonds at seek a tantwivvy. 
War. (J.R.W.) 

2. A rage. 

Yks. Here's Jack, an* I guess in a fine tantivy, HOLMES 
Farquhar Frankheari, 271. 

3. adv. Quickly, hastily. 

Dmb. Your horn, Jock Griffe, Blaw out tantivy ; blaw, man, for 
your life, SALMON Gowodean (1868) 49. 

TANTLE, v. Yks. Lan. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Also in form tontle w.Yks. [ta'ntl.] 1. To walk slowly 
and feebly ; to totter, as a young child ; to dawdle, loiter, 
waste time ; to trifle, potter about. 




n.Yks. 12 ; n.Yks.4 Deean't tantle on leyke that. ne.Yks. 1 , 
e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 Shoe feels seea leetsome an cobby, an 
can tottle an tantle about a bit, ii. agi w.Yks. 2 , ne.Lan. 1 , Not. 1 
Lin. You come tantling about i' my garden, FENN Cure of Son/s 
(1889) 35. 

Hence Tantling-job, sb. a small, trifling job ; one that 
does not require all one's energy. 

n.Yks. T'Maister set ma ov a bit ov a tantling job till neet 
(W.H.). Lin. 1 I cannot abear such tantling-jobs. n.Lin. 1 I like 
sum'ats one can stick to, not a tantlin' job like this here. 

2. To dangle after ; to attend officiously. 

ne.Lan. 1 ' She tantles after him ' ; often said of the attentions of 
an anxious mother. Lin. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (P.) sw.Lin. 1 
Thou tantles after me, and thou hinders me. Nhp. 1 When two 
persons are particularly attached, and generally accompany each 
other in their walks, it is commonly said, ' They are always 
tantling after each other.' War. 3 

3. To pet, fondle, caress ; to humour a child ; to pay 
much attention to ; to nurse and feed with care. 

w.Yks. Shoo does nowght but tontle wi' t'barn t'day thriff, 
Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Nov. 19, 1898). Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 I shall buy a 
pig and tantle it up by Christmas. War. 3 

TANTONY, sb. Chs. Nhp. Hnt. Dor. Also written 
Tantany Dor. [ta'ntani, tae'ntani.] 1. In comp. Tan- 
tony('s-pig, (i) the smallest pig of a litter. Dor. (H.E.); 
(2) in phr. to follow one like a Tantony-pig, to stick close to 
one. Chs. 13 See Anthony-pig. 2. A small bell ; see 

Nhp. 1 The small bell over the church-porch, or between the 
chancel and the nave : the term is also applied to any small hand- 
bell. ' Ring the tantony ' is evidently a corruption of St. Anthony, 
the emblem of that saint being a bell at his tan-staff, or round the 
neck of his accompanying pig. Hnt. The name given to a bell 
which is rung at the entrance gate of the grounds of Kimbolton 
Castle to give notice of the arrival of visitors (T.P.F.). 

TANTONY, see Saint-Anthony. 

TANTOOZLE, v. Not. [tantu'zl.] To whip soundly. 

I'm main glad yer tantoozled her as yer did, PRIOR Forest Flk. 
(1901) 86. s. Not. Ah'll tantoozle yer when a cop yer. It wor 
a tantoozling 'e gen 'er (J.P.K.). 

TANTRABOBUS, see Tantarabobus. 

TANTRIL, sb. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Chs. Also written 
tantrel N.Cy. 2 n.Yks. r ne.Lan. 1 Chs. 8 ; trantrell n.Cy. 
Chs. 2 ; trantrill n.Yks. 12 [ta-ntril.] 1. An idle person, 
esp. a girl ; a vagrant, vagabond ; a gipsy. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790) ; N.Cy. 2 n.Yks. Some tantril has been 
here and stown 't away, MERITON Praise Ale (1684) 1. 207; 
n.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 
2. A freak ; a whim. Chs. 23 

TANTRUM, sb. Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and Eng. 
Also in forms tantarum Dev.; tanterum Der. 2 ; tanthrum 
Ir. ; tantrim Wil. (ta'ntram, tae'ntram.] 1. In comp. 
Tantrum-fit, a fit of ill-temper. 

Lnk. Ba's wee brither when he's sleepy, Soothes him in his 
tantrum fit, NICHOLSON Idylls (1870) 29. 
2. A foolish fancy ; a whim, vagary ; a fluster ; pi. high 
or affected airs. See Antrims. 

Sc. In his tantrums (JAM.). Arg. If it had been no more than 
that, I should have thought it a girl's tantrum, MUNRO Shoes of 
Fort. (1901) 23. Gall. MACTAGGART Eitcycl. (1824). Don. What 
was the nixt tanthrum come intil his head but to carry Billy right 
slap through the middle of Archie's bee-skeps, Cent. Mag. (Feb. 
1900) 606. Dur. 1 , Cum. 4 , w.Yks. 1 , Chs. 23 , Der. 2 (s.v. Antrims), 
Not. 1 , Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 My lady was in her tantrums to-day ; 
there was no bearing her airs and her whims. Shr., Hrf. BOUND 
Provinc. (1876). Hnt. (T.P.F.), e.An. 1 Nrf. HOLLOWAY. Suf. 1 
He's in his tantrums. Sus.,Hmp. HOLLOWAY. Wil. SLOW Gl. 
(1892). s.Dev. Fox Kingsbridge (1874). Cor. Trapesing about 
and gitting in hes tantrums, Exhibition (1873) 108. 

TANTRUMY, adj. w.Som. 1 [tarntrami.] Passionate; 
given to bursts of ill-temper. 

I can't think hot we be gwain to do way thick bwoy, he's that 
there tantrumy 'pon times, I be most afeard to zee un go off 
in fits. 

TANTRUN, v. m.Yks. 1 [ta-ntran.] To potter about ; 
to drudge or plod slowly, as old people. 
He's tantrunning about in the garth, now. 

TANTRUPS, sb. pi. Mid. [tae'iitraps.] Ill-humoured 

Not that we means to make tantrups, you know, BLACKMORE 
Kit (1890) II. viii. 

TANTUM, sb. 1 n.Cy. Wm. Yks. Bdf. Also written 
tantem Wm. [ta'ntam, tae-ntam.] 1. A fixed quantity ; 
a due proportion ; a stint of work, &c. 

n.Cy. In one or two old piecework trades notably some 
branches of the potters and glass bottle makers a similar 
limitation of individual output has prevailed under the name of 
stint or tantum. In our light metal shops . . . the society has a 
tantum fixed which the men are not allowed to exceed, WEBB 
Industrial Democracy (1901) 447. Wm. Ah've deun mi tantem, 
Ah'll gah tu bed (B.K.). w.Yks. ' Hev some mooar puddin ? ' 
' Nay, nooa mooar this tahme ; Ah've hed mi tantum.' ' Hah milch 
hez ta gitten ? ' ' Oh ! t'owd tantum ' (ift.). Bdf. A man drinks his 
tantum. A farmer has not got his tantum of men (J.W.B.). 
2. State, condition. 

Wm. He's back at t'auld tantem, drinkin o' afoor him, it's 
shamful (B.K.). 

TANTUM, sb. 2 n.Cy. Yks. [ta'ntam.] A dial, form 
of 'tantrum.' (J.W.) 

TANTY-RANTY, sb. Obs. Sc. Fornication. 

Edb. Which ever way ane maks a seizure O' the fair, i' the auld 
affair Ca't tanty-ranty, LIDDLE Poems (1821) 34. 

TANY-, see Tino, adv. 

TANYIE-MAW, sb. S. & Ork. 1 [Not known to our 
correspondents.] A small species of sea-gull. 

TAOWLT, see Tolt. 

TAP, i/. 1 and s*. 1 Cum. Yks. Chs. Not. Nhp. War. Shr. 
Hrf. Glo. w.Cy. Dor. Dev. Cor. Also written tapp Yks. ; 
and in form tep Cum. 14 [tap, taep.] 1. v. In comb, (i) 
Tap-and-go, ' tip-and-run,' a form of cricket in which the 
batsmen run every time they hit the ball ; (2) -it, the game 
of ' Up-Jenkins.' " 

(i) s.Not. Let's play at cricket : let's play Tap-and-go (J.P.K.). 
(2) Nhp. (C.W.) 

2. To break stone for road metal. n.Yks. (C.V.C.) 

3. To re-sole or heel boots and shoes. 

Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 , War. 2 Shr. 1 I've made yore boots aumust as 
good as new; I've tapped an' 'eeled 'em, but I'd much ado, fur . 
the in-sole wuz gwun. Hrf. 12 , Glo. 1 , w.Cy. (HALL.), Dor. 1 Dev. 
Ef zo be yfl taps thews bates, they'll least awl drfi tha zummer, 
HEWETT Peas. Sp. (1892). nw.Dev. 1 Cor. 1 Tap a tap shoe, that 
would I do, If I had but a little more leather, Old Nursery Rhyme ; 
Cor. 2 

4. sb. A sharp stroke on the head ; a smart blow. 
Cum. 14 5. A rate of speed. 

s.Chs. 1 Oo wuz kimrin daayn)th roa'd aat' ii praat'i uwd taap'. 
6. The sole of a boot or shoe ; the metal shield on the 
heel of a boot or shoe. 

Dor.', nw.Dev. 1 Cor. 1 The tap of your shoe is wearing; it 
wants tapping; Cor. 2 

TAP, sb. 2 and v? Var. dial, uses in Sc. and Eng. 
[tap, taep.] 1. sb. In comb, (i) Tap and cannel, a spigot 
and faucet ; (2) -blash, the refuse of the tap, weak inferior 
beer or ale, thin drink ; (3) -dish, a dish with a plug in the 
centre, to enable the dish to be emptied without removal ; 
(4) -dressing, a custom of decorating wells with flowers, 
c. ; see below; (5) -droppings, sediment left at the 
bottom of a cask of beer, &c. ; (6) -lap, (7) -lash, see (2) ; 
(8) -ooze, the wicker strainer placed over the mouth of 
the tap in a mash-vat when brewing, to allow the wort to 
ooze through, and to prevent the grains passing ; (9) 
tree, a conical pointed stick inserted in the hole in the 
bottom of the mast-vat ; (10) -wad, (n) -whisk, see (8). 

(i) Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). (2) Lin. THOMP- 
SON Hist. Boston (1856) 726 ; Lin. 1 (3) Nhp. 1 (4) Der. We are 
sure all our readers especially those who have seen a tap dress- 
ing will hail with pleasure the announcement, that steps are 
about to be taken to have the taps at Wirksworth dressed on 
Whit-Wednesday next. . . It is remarkable that not a single 
objection can be made to the custom. Another circumstance is, 
that it is strictly local ; it belongs to Derbyshire alone, ./V. & Q. 
(1860) 2nd S. ix. 345 ; In 1855, while passing an evening hour at 
a garden-gate in ... Baslow, a youth arrived bearing ... a very 
large basket well garnished with flowers of divers kinds and 
colours ; an increase of which he solicited by a selection from my 



friend's garden. . . I was informed that [he] was collecting them 
for the Pilsley ' Well ' or 'Tap ' dressing. . . I found that ... the 
festival . . . answered exactly to an account in a letter by a 
brother in 1851, describing the well-dressing which he witnessed 
at the above named place. It was as follows ' In the morning a 
procession passed through Baslow on its way to Pilsley. It 
consisted of nine carts and waggons of all shapes and sizes, 
containing the boys and girls of Kyam school, with theirdads and 
mams, uncles and aunts [&c.], . . a few flags, and headed by some 
stout fellows armed with cornopeans and trombones, blowing 
discordant sounds. . . They march round the village where the 
' well-flowering ' takes place, carrying their flags, and headed by 
their bands. In the afternoon we saw them come back, the chaps 
in the cart blowing away as fresh as ever. When we went up in 
the evening, we found quite a throng in the village. People 
come from all parts ; and it seems to be the custom with those 
who can afford it to keep open house for the day. A great deal 
of taste and fancy is exhibited in the . . . ' tap-dressing.' Behind 
two of the taps that supply water to the village, was erected 
a large screen of rough boards ; the principal one was about 20 ft. 
square. The screen is then plastered over with moist clay, upon 
which the Duke of Devonshire's arms, and a great variety of 
fanciful devices and mottoes, are executed in various colours by 
sticking flowers and buds into the clay, by which means they keep 
fresh for several days. The background to the device is formed 
with the green leaves of the fir. Some of the ornaments are 
formed of shells stuck into the clay. Branches of trees are 
arranged at the sides of the screen ; and in the front a miniature 
garden is laid out, with tiny gravel-walks, and flower-beds with 
shell borders, and surrounded by a fence of stakes and ropes. 
Opposite the principal screen they had . . . attempted a fountain ; 
formed by the figure of a duck with outstretched wings, straight 
neck, and bill wide open, from which a stream of water shot up 
about a yard high. . . There was a ... flag flying on the village 
green, and the same at the inn ; and a pole decorated with 
flowers, and a young tree tied to the lower part ; and a few stalls 
for nuts and gingerbread. A very large tent in which tea was 
served at a shilling, and as much dancing as you liked afterwards 
for nothing; or the dancing without the tea for sixpence; and 
some third-rate itinerant posturers in the street. There was to 
be a grand display of fireworks between 1 1 and ia o'clock ; and 
besides, there was dancing at the inn, 6. 431. (5) n. Yks. (I.W.) 
(6) e.An. 1 (7) N.Cy. 1 Cuni. 1 The weakest part of a brewing of 
ale; gen. three kinds yel or yal, smo' beer, and tap lash ; Cum. 4 
w.Yks. THORESBY Lett. (1703); w.Yks. 14 , ne.Lan. 1 , Nhp. 1 , Hrf. 1 , 
Glo. 1 (8) Nlip. 1 (9) Sc. Put a cork or dottle in the under end ; 
or you may make use of a tap-tree, and then you need not a cork. 
Let the water stand four hours upon the ashes ; then take out 
your cork, or tap-tree, and have a tub below to receive the lee 
that comes off, MAXWELL Sel. Trans, (1743) 284 (JAM.). Cai. 1 
w.L th. There is in the brewhous . . . ane maskeine fatt, ane 
taptrie and ane maskine rudder, MAIDMENT Spoltiswoode Afiic. 
(1844-5)1.373. (io)War.3,Wor. (E.S.), se.Wor. 1 (n) Lei. 1 , Nhp. 1 

2. v. To change a note or sovereign. 

n.Cy. (HALL.), w.Yks. 1 Nhp. 1 It'll soon go now it's once tapp'd. 
War. 3 

3. To begin cutting or consuming. 

w.Som. 1 Ididn want to tap thick there cave o' taties vore arter 
Kirsmas. Jim, urn out and tap in a cut o' hay, will 'er? 
nw.Dev. 1 

TAP, TAP-AN-TEERIE, see Top, Tapsalteerie. 

TAPE, sb. 1 Nhb. Yks. Lin. [tep, teap.] 1. In comp. 
Tape-needle, a bodkin. n.Lin. 1 2. Phr. to have the tape, 
to have authority. 

Nhb. 1 'Hehesthe tape' [applied to a farm worker who has 
instructions from his superior to order his fellow-workmen]. 
3. A weaving term : a length of warp used for threading 
the machine. w.Yks. (S.K.C.) Hence Tapeworm, sb. a 
long warp with about 10 to 20 ends. ib. 

TAPE, sb. 2 s.Cy. I.W. Also written teype I.W. 1 A 
mole. s.Cy. (HALL.), I.W. 1 Hence Tape-taker, sb. a 
mole-catcher. I.W. 

[Cp. And either shall thees talpes voide or sterve, 
PALLADIUS Hiisb. (c. 1420) 931. Lat. talpa.] 

TAPE, v. Sc. Also in form teep Lnk. (JAM.) Dmf. 
[tep, tip.] To use sparingly ; to make anything go a long 
\vay ; to stint. 

Sc. (JAO ; HERD Coll. Sags. (1776) Gl. Lnk. RAMSAY Poenis 
(1721) Gl. Dmf. WALLACE Schoolmaster (1899) 354. 

TAPEE, sb. Obs. or obsol. Sc. (JAM.) 1. The fore 
part of the hair when put up with pins. Sc. 2. A small 
cushion of hair worn by old women, in what is called the 
open of the head, for keeping up the hair. Ayr. 

TAPER, v. and adj. Nhb. Chs. e.An. Also written 
taypor Nhb. [te'pa(r.] 1. v. To reduce gradually ; to 
diminish the quantity or potency of one's drink ; to dilute 
wines, spirits, &c. 

Nhb. Gie's a drain, not a drop! whei aw mun taypor, CHATER 
Tyncside Aim. (1869) 7. s.Clis. 1 A woman said her cat had been 
feeding on milk and ' wiid-)nQ lahyk tii bi tai-pQrd daayn til wee-.' 
2. adj. At an end, nearly exhausted. 

e.An. 2 My purse grows taper. 

TAPERED, ppl.adi. Obs. Sc. In form teypard. OJ 
abuilding: highandfrail. Gall. MACTAGGART"CVC/. (1824). 

TAPERELL, adv. Hmp. [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] Feebly. 

s.Hmp. In the month of April He [the cuckoo] singeth tapercll, 
N. & Q. (1873) 4th S. ix. 447. 

TAPER-TAIL, adv. Obs. Sc. Topsy-turvy. 

s.Sc. (JAM.); The warl' wad a' gang taper-tail thegither, T. 
SCOTT Poenis (1793) 365. 

TAPET, see Tabet. 

TAPEY,#. Yks. [tea-pi.] Plastered or stuck together 
with size so as to represent the appearance of tape. 
w.Yks. (J.G.) 

TAPIE, see Tawpie. 

TAPLOCH,s6. Obs. Sc. Also in form tawploch. Agiddy- 
brainedgirl. Gall. M ACT AGGART.Hcy<;/.( 1824). Cf.tawpie. 

TAPLY, adv. Obs. Dev. Also in form tapely. At 
break of day, early in the morning ; privately, quickly. 

n.Dev. Chell g' m to Moulton To-marra pritty taply, Exm. 
Crtshp. (1746) 1. 630; Horae Subsecivae (1777) 427. 

TAPPER, s*. 1 Lei. Also in form tapperer. [ta-pa(r).] 
The lesser spotted woodpecker, Dendrocopus minor. 
SWAINSON Birds (1885) 99. 

TAPPER, sb.* Obs. n.Cy. An innkeeper. Trans. 
Phil. Soc. (1858) 174; (HALL.) 

[OE. t&ppere, a tavern-keeper (B.T.).] 

TAPPERER, see Tapper, sb. 1 

TAPPET, sb. Nhb. 1 [ta'pit] A piece put on a shoe. 

TAPPID, see Tappit. 

TAPPIE-TOORIE, sb. Sc. Irel. Also written tapi- 
toorie Edb. Ir. ; tappie tourie Sc. UAM.) ; and in form 
tappy-tourock Ayr. [ta-pi-turi.] 1. Anything raised 
very high to a point; also used attrib. 

Frf. Each having a little peg at the top, like the tappie-toorie of 
a Balmoral bonnet, INGLIS AinFlk. (1895)94. Ayr. (JAM.) Lnk. 
The tappie-toorie fir-tree shining a' in green, MILLER Willie 
Winkie (ed. 1902) 12. Edb. Chignons, tapitoories, and bannits, 
SMITH Jenny Blair (ed. 1871) 15. n.Ir. She hadnae a big tapi- 
toorie heid o' hair like the maist o' lasses in them days, LYTTLE 
Paddy McQuillan, 45. 

2. Anything resting on an insecure foundation and 
swinging at the top. Sc. (A.W.) Cf. tappiloorie. 

3. The knob of pastry which fills up the hole in the 
centre of a pie. 

Ayr. (JAM.); When he's getting his dinner wi' you the day, 
I would gie him the tappy-tourock o' the pie, GALT Sir A. Wylie 
(1832) Ixxxviii. 

TAPPILOORIE, sb. Sc. Anything raised high on a 
slight or tottering foundation ; also used attrib. (JAM.), 
MACKAY. Cf. tappie-toorie, 2. 

TAPPIN, sb. Sc. Also in form taupin Abd. 1. The 
root of a tree ; the tap-root of a turnip, carrot, &c. 

Abd. (G.W.) Per. A tangly tappin for a rod He in his nervous 
right hand claspit, SPENCE Poems (1898) 141. 
2. Fig. A long, thin person. 

Abd. Sic a lang taupin o' a lassie, or o' a loon (G.W.). 

TAPPIN, see Topping. 

TAPPISH, v. Der. Also written tapish. [ta-pij.] 
To waste or pine away ; to begin to be mortally ill. 

Der. 2 Hur tappish'd yest' morn. n.Der. He tapished and died, 
ADDYG/. (1891) 58. nw.Der. 1 Inquiring on Sunday last what Bailed 
a man who was sick, his brother said he thought he was | tap- 
pished ' with a decline. The word is common in the mining 
district near Bakewell, Manch. Guardian (Mar. i, 1875); 'Tappisn 




is current as a neuter verb at Taddington. I am also informed 
by a native of Winster that the word is used there in a passive 
form, as ' He's tappished ; ' he's poorly or ill. The word is also 
used there in reference to an unsound arm or leg, for instance, 

applied to persons, animals, and vegetables, it is understood or 
intended to mean that the person, animal, or vegetable is afflicted 
with a disease which is probable may cause death. It is very 
commonly used with respect to potato crops, as, ' Ahv a good crop 
a taters, bur theer tappished,' ib. (Apr. 8, 1875). 

TAPPIT, ppl. adj. Sc. Hmp. Also in forms tapped 
Cai. ; tappid Sh.I. ; tappity Sc. QAM.) [ta'pit, tae-pit] 
Crested, tufted ; gen. used of fowls. See Top, 6, Toppy. 

Sh.I. What links da o' Mansie's tappid hen 'at haes a egg i' da 
moarnin ? Sh. News (Jan. 28, 1899). Cai. 1 Elg. A tappit hen Wi' 
yellow spurs lang on her heels, COUPER Poetry (1804) II. 56. 
Rnf. Pawkie Auld Robin cam up frae the glen, Wi' a dozen o' eggs 
and a white tappit hen, BARR Poems (1861) 73. Ayr. His head 
powdered and frizzled up like a tappit hen, GALT Ann. Parish 
(iSai) ii. s.Hmp. Ursley, as is more like a tappit hen nor aught 
else, VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) xi. 

Hence Tappit-hen, sb. a drinking vessel containing a 
Scotch quart of ale or claret ; a larger vessel containing 
three pints of wine. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; A huge pewter measuring-pot containing at least 
three English quarts, denominated a Tappit-hen, SCOTT Waverley 
(1814) xi ; It was a pewter measure, the claret being in ancient 
days served from the tap, and had the figure of a hen upon the lid. 
In later times the name was given to a glass bottle of the same 
dimensions, HISLOP Sc. Anecdote (18741 4. Ayr. The tappit hen, 
gae bring her ben, BURNS On a Tumbler, St. 2. 

TAPPY, see Tawpy, Toppy. 

TAPPY-LAPPY, adv. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Yks. Nhp. 
[ta'pi-lapi.] As fast as possible ; at top speed, helter- 
skelter ; anyhow ; gen. used of running. 

N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 The twee boxers went ti'd tappy-lappy, like a 
lowse winda shutter fiappin i' the wind. e.Dur. 1 Cum. LINTON 
Lake Cy. (1864) 312. n.Yks. They'd all geean in, tappy lappy, 
TWEDDEI.L Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 48 ; n.Yks.", m.Yks.', Nhp. 1 

TAPPY-TOUROCK, see Tappie toorie. 

TAPPY -TOUSIE, sb. Sc. (JAM.) A children's game ; 
see below. 

In this sport, one taking hold of another by the forelock of his 
hair, says to him, ' Tappie tappie tousie, will ye be my man ? ' 
If the other answers in the affirmative, the first says, ' Come to me 
then, come to me then,' giving him a smart pull towards him by the 
lock which he holds in his hand. If the one who is asked, answers 
in the negative, the other gives him a push backward, saying, 
' Gae frae me then, gae frae me then.' 

TAPSALTEERIE, adv. and sb. Sc. Irel. Also written 
tapsalteery Dmf. ; tapsalterie Lnk. ; and in forms tap- 
an-teerie Sc. ; tapsalteeries Per. ; tapsee-teerie Rxb. ; 
tapsie-teerie Rxb. (JAM.); tapsill-teerieSh.I.; tapsilteery 
Lth. ; taupsaleery Edb. ; topsy-teery Uls. 1. adv. 
Topsy-turvy, upside down ; also used atlrib. 

Sc. He was na widower lang ago, Till he grew tap-and teerie ; 
And he has thro' the kintry gane, To seek anither dearie, KINLOCH 
Ballad Bk. (1827) 77, ed. 1868. Sh.I. I'll fiddle until my fiddle 
an' I Baith gengs tapsill teerie, STEWART Tales (1892) 83. Per. I 
think the year's gane tapsalteeries, HALIBURTON Ochil Idylls 
(1891) in. Ayr. (JAM.) ; May a" gae tapsalteerie, BURNS Green 
grow the Rashes, st. 4. Lnk. The man's mind's clean reversed, an' 
turned tapsalterie a'thegither, MURDOCH Readings (1895) II. 103. 
Lth. Dealing round strong punch and joke, Good humoured mad, 
near twa o'clock Turns a' things tapsilteery, MACNEILL Poet. Wks. 
(1801) 176, ed. 1856. Edb. A' my fine castles in the air ... had 
been sent taupsaleery, CAMPBELL Deilii Jock (1897) 113. Slk. 
Wi' ae desperate wallop we baith gaed tapsalteerie frae ae 
sliddery ledge to anither, CHR. NORTH Nodes (ed. 1856) II. 10. 
Dmf. Nae madcap schemes turnin' a' thing tapsalteery, PATON 
Castlebraes (1898) 144. Rxb. For tapsee-teerie lie the sheaves, A. 
SCOTT Poems (ed. 1808) 100 ; (JAM.) Uls. (M.B.-S.) 

2. sb. A topsy-turvy manner ; a state of disorder. 

Dmf. So on in a glorious tapsalteery, till I led up the rear wi' 
daft Meg o' the Shields, PATON Castlebraes (1898) 95. 

TAPTEE, sb. Lnk. QAM.) [ta-ptl.] A state of eager 
desire. ' What a taptee he is in ! ' how eager he is. 

TAPTIRE, see Toptire. 

TAPTOO, sb. Obs. or obsol. Ayr. GAM.) 1. A gaudy 
ornament on the head. 2. Phr. to put one into a taptoo, 
to excite one's wrath ; to produce violent passion. Cf. 

TAPYAH, see Tawpie. 

TAR, sb. 1 Van dial, and colloq. uses in Sc. and Eng. 
[tar, ta(r).] 1. In comp. (i) Tar-bant, a thick tarred 
string, used for tying sacks, &c., sometimes used for 
thatching ; (2) -bottle, a ' hanger ' in copy-book writing ; 

(3) -buist, the box containing tar for marking sheep ; (4) 
-cord, (5) -mar -band, (6) -marl or -marline, see (i) ; (7) 
pitched, covered with tar; (8) -rope, rope-yarn; the 
thread of old cables, &c. 

(i) Chs. 1 (a) Rut 1 (s.v. Ship-hooks). (3) Twd., Rxb. (JAM.) 

(4) War. (J.R.W.) (5) e.Lin. (G.G.W.) (6) Lin. 1 , n.Lin. 1 , 
ne.Lin. (E.S.), se.Lin. (J.T.B.% sw.Lin. 1 , e.An. 1 (7) Dev. A grey 
stone house wi' the granite white-washed awver an' the slate roof 
tar-pitched, PHILLPOTTS Striking Hours (1901) 87. (8) e.Nrf. 
MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1787). 

2. Phr. (i) to be tarred with the same stick, to share un- 
desirable qualities ; in gen. colloq. use; (2) to tar the fingers 
to do a thing, to meet with difficulty in accomplishing it ; 
to be unwilling to do it. 

(i) Sc. I doubtna it has been Rashleigh himsell, or some other 
o' your cousins they are a' tarr'd wi' the same stick rank 
Jacobites and papists, SCOTT Rob /Joy (1817) xxvi ; The allusion is 
to the bit of wood used as a brush for putting the tar-mark on 
sheep (JAM.). Abd. Mony o' them tarr't wi' the same stick, 
ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) vii. Lth. I'm afraid that I am 
' tarred with the same stick,' for I am fond of horses, STRATHESK 
More Bits (ed. 1885) 170. (2) Bnff. 1 w.Sc. Generally said 
regarding wet, dirty work (JAM.). 

TAR, sb. 2 Nhb. 1 [tar.] In phr. to set on tar, to relieve 
any one who has got into low water ; to set him on his feet. 

TAR, see Tare, sb. 13 , Taw, sb.\ Tear, v. 1 

TARBLE, adj. Brks. Hmp. Wil. Dor. [ta'bl.] A 
corruption of 'tolerable'; esp. used of health. Cf. torable. 

Brks. 1 I be a veelin' pretty tarble now zur, thenk 'e kindly vor 
axin. w.Cy. (HALL.), Dor. 1 

Hence Tarblish, adj. and adv. tolerably ; pretty well. 

Brks. 1 , Hmp. (H.R.), Hmp. 1 s.Hmp. My cough he's a deal 
worse ; there's summat tarblish wrong a-goin' on in my inside, 
VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) xxix. w.Cy. (HALL.) Wil. Tarblish 
middlin', thankee, BRITTON Beauties (1825). Dor. 1 ' How b'ye ? ' 
' Tarblish.' 

TARBLE, see Terrible. 

TARBOR, sb. Nhb. [ta'rbsr.] The frill inside a 
child's bonnet. (R.O.H.) 

TARBOTTLE, sb. Oxf. [ta-bot!.] The black knap- 
weed, Centaurea nigra. (B. & H.) 

TARD, see Tear, v. 1 

TARDIE, adj. Obs. Knr. (JAM.) Also in form tairdie. 
Peevish, ill-humoured, sulky ; satirical. 

TARDLE.v. 1 Dor. [ta'dl.] To entangle. G/.(i85i); Dor. 1 

TARDLE, v. 2 Nrf. [ta'dl.] To dress gaily. 

The neighbours say I take their money for 'tardling' out my 
' mawthers ' (A.A.G.). 

TARDRY, see Tawdry. 

TARDS, sb. pi. Sc. Also written tawrds QAM.). 
[tardz.] A leather strap used for punishment. 

Abd. (JAM.) ; Whack, Robbie W sh's tards came down Upon 
their shouthers, ROBB Poems (1852) 189. 

TARDY, sb. Obs. Chs. A fine for being late. 

Chs. 1 ; Chs. 3 The accounts of the company of smiths, cutlers, 
pewterers and cardmakers at Chester contain many similar entries 
to the following : ' Nov. 1 1, 1679, received from Reignold Woods 
for a tardy, 3^.' 

TARE, sb. 1 In gen. dial, use in Sc. and Eng. Also in 
forms tar e.Yks. 1 Chs. 1 Stf. 1 Not. Lin. 1 n.Lin. 1 sw.Lin. 1 
Shr. 1 s.Cy. Ken. 12 I.W. 1 Dor. ; tor Shr. 2 w.Cy. [ter, 
tea(r ; ta(r).] 1. In comp. (i) Tare-fitch, (2) -grass, (3) 
-vetch, var. species of wild vetch, esp. the tufted vetch, 
Vicia cracca, and the hairy vetch, V. hirsuta. 

(i) Chs. 1 , Shr. 12 , w.Cy. (HALL.) [Tarefytche, lufyn, PALSGR. 
(1530).] (2) Stf. 1 , Ken. 12 (3)s.Cy.(HALL.),I.W. 1 ,Dor.(B.&H.) 




2. A name given to various species of vetch, esp. the 
common vetch, Vicia saliva, and the hairy vetch, V. hirsula. 

s.Sc., n.Cy. (B. & H.), e.Yks. 1 , Chs. 1 B.Not When shall uz 
mow that field o' tars (J.P.K.). Lin. 1 , n.Lin. 1 sw.Lin. 1 There's 
such a quantity of wild tars to-year. Mid. (B. & H.), Suf. (C.T.), 
Ess. (B. & H.) 

3. The common bindweed, Convolvulus arvensis. 
Wil. DAVIS Agric. (1813). 

TARE, sb? Obs. Yks. See below. 

w.Yks. The net weight of sliver obtained from any lather 
which had been ' livered out" to the comber. On this tare, pay- 
ment was made, so as to prevent waste as much as possible (J.T.). 

TARE, sb* Ire!. Also in form tar. [ter.] In phr. 
(i) (are an' age(s, (2) an' ouns or an' onus, (3) an' 
ounty, exclamations ; expletives. 

(i) Ir. ' Tare-an-ages ! ' said Dan's father, 'and is that the way 
of the win' with you ? ' BARLOW Idylls (1892) zoo. n.Ir. Tare an- 
age ! Wirrasthrue ! What we say, shurc, it's true, Lays and 
Leg. (1884) 52. Wxf. Oh ! tare an' ages, that's seven, KENNEDY 
Evenings Duffrey (1869) 46. (2) Ir. Tar an" ouns! did you see 
Father Rafferty lift his hand to his hat? Paddiana (ed. 1848) 1. 
251 ; Oh! tare an' onus [sic], BODKIN Shillelagh (1902) 101. w.Ir. 
' Tare an ouns,' says I, ' do you tell me so ? ' LOVER Leg. (1848) 
' '63- (3) Ir. Tare an' ounty, woman ! who ever heerd of sich 
a thing? LOVER Handy Andy (1842") ix ; 'And by tare-an-ounty ! ' 
say she, ' I'm unworthy to be either his wife or yours,' CARLETON 
Traits Pros. (ed. 1843) ' 45- 

TARE, adj. Hrf. Rdn. [tea(r).] Of flies : eager, rest- 
less, troublesome. 

Hrf. 1 How tare the flies be. Rdn. MORGAN Wds. (1881). 

TARE, see Tear, v. 1 

TARE1NG-TUB, sb. Nhb. Dur. A coal-mining term : 
the tub chosen to be weighed to obtain the average tare. 

There are various methods of obtaining the average tare, one 
of which is for the weighman and checkweighman to agree when 
the tubs are in the shaft which are to be taken, and the tubs so 
named are tared as they come to bank, NICHOLSON Coal Tr. Gl. 

TARE NATION, TARESTRIL, see Tarnation, Tais- 

TARF(F, adj. Or.I. [tarf.] Coarse, harsh, acrid ; 
rough in manner. (S.A.S.) ; DENNISON Sketch Bk. (1880) 
101 (JAM. Suppl.). 

TARGAT, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written target. 1. A 
tassel ; an ornament for the hat. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; There hang nine targats at Johnie's hat, SCOTT 
Minstrelsy (iSoal I. 412, ed. 1848. 

2. A tatter, shred. 

Sc. (JAM.) Edb. The weight o' ilka codroch chiel, That does 
my skin to targets peel, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) 177, ed. 1785. 
Kcb. The strings [of her apron] in targets flew, DAVIDSON Seasons 
(1189} lao. 

3. Comb. Targat-of-skate, a long dried slice of skate. 
Ags. GAM.) 

TARGE, v. and sb. Sc. Irel. Cum. Also written tairge 
Sc. (JAM.) [terdg.l 1. v. To beat, strike, thrash. 

Frf. Targed him tightly till he fell, SANDS Poems (1833) 105. 
Per. (JAM.) Cnm. 1 He'll gi' thee a targin", my lad ; Cum. 4 

Hence Targed-tpw, sb. scutched tow. Uls. (M.B.-S.) 

2. Obs. To keep in order or under discipline. 

Sc. Targed him tightly until the finishing of the job, SCOTT 
WaMtrley (1814) xlii. 

3. To scold loudly ; to reprimand severely. 

Sc., Cld. (JAM.) Rxb. I wadna' hae dared gie him the tairging 
I did, only that Whithaugh has but six men riding the night, 
HAMILTON Outlaws (1897) 47. Gall. A thorough- gaun, tairgin', 
satisfactory kind of woman is Kirst, CROCKETT Kit Kennedy (1899) 
271. N.I. 1 

4. To cross-examine ; to question closely. 

Sc. I was just wissin' o' a' things to see ye a wee gliff, that I 
micht targe ye, Saxon and Gael (1814) I. 163 (JAM.). e.Fif. 
Mr. Penman tairged him tichtly in the cross-examination, and 
garred him shak in's shoon, LATTO Tain Bodkin (1864) xv. Ayr. 
I on the questions tairge them tightly, BURNS Inventory, 1. 41. 
Lth. (JAM.) Rxb. I'll gie him a tairgin (it.'). 
6. To copulate. Cum. 4 6. sb. A scold ; a 'vixen.' 

Cai. Fat wud ye do wi' a targe lek her ! HORNE Countryside 
(1896) 40. Ayr. Bessie Graham was a terr'ble tairge, and had 

a tinkler tongue in the heid of her, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (cd. 1887) 
67. N.I. 1 

[3. Cp. OE. tiergan, tergan, to irritate, annoy, afflict 

TARGED, ppl. adj. Obs. Cld. (JAM.) Shabby in ap- 
pearance, tattered. 

TARGER, sb. Be. Irel. Lakel. Cum. Also written 
tairger, terjer Sc. [te'rdgar.] 1. A scold ; a virago ; a 
quarrelsome woman. See Targe, 6. 

Lnk. Happily rid o' his awful terjer o' a mither-in-law, MURDOCH 
Readings (1895) II. 59. Gall. O, she's a tairger. . . She wadna gie 
ye ony mutton ham, though ye micht hae a chance to get the 
shank bane on the side o' your head, CROCKETT Kit Kennedy 

(1899) xxix. Ant. (S.A.B.), Cum.* 

2. A person of bad or eccentric character; a rough 
fellow ; a mischievous person. Lake!. 2 , Cum.* 3. Any- 
thing very large or out of the common ; a monstrous he. 
See Targing. 

n.Ir. A schrouger an" larger, an' twinty times larger Thin iver 
wis heerd av in Ballynascreen, Lays and Leg. (1884) 45. Cum. 4 

TARGET, sb. Oxf. 1 [ta-gat] A leg and breast of 
lamb combined. MS. add. 

TARGING, ppl. adj. Irel. Cum. Also written targein 
N.I. 1 [te'rdgin.] Large, monstrous. See Targer, 3. 

N.I. 1 A targein' fine horse. Cum. 4 Thoo is a targin' leear. 

TARGLE, sb. Yks. Not. Also written targel Not. 2 ; 
targill w.Yks. 2 [ta'gl.] 1. Anything worthless or inferior. 

Not. 2 This knife is a targel. s.Not. Well, I call this here 
anthem a targle (J.P.K.). 

2. A despicable person, esp. a dirty, slovenly woman. 

w.Yks. 2 Tha nasty targill. 

TARGUS, adj. n.Lan. 1 Worthless. 

TARING, sb. Sh.I. [te'rin.] The common tern, 
Sterna fluviatilis. SWAINSON Birds (1885) 202. Cf. tarrock. 

TARKY, adj. Obs. Suf. Dark. (P.R.) Cf. thark. 

TARLACK, see Tarloch. 

TARLE, v. and sb. Bnff. 1 [terl.] 1. v. To work 
lazily ; to be of a lazy disposition ; a dial, form of ' trail.' 

2. To labour under disease. 

She tarlet aboot a day or twa or she took the bed. 

3. sb. A small, weak person or animal. 
TARLOCH, sb., v. and adj. Sc. Yks. Also in forms 

tarlack w.Yks. 2 ; tarlogh Sc. (JAM.) [Sc. taTla x .J 1. sb. 
A contemptible fellow ; a person not over-particular ; a 
sturdy, brawling woman ; a dirty female tatterdemalion. 

Sc. It is commonly applied to beggars and the lowest people 
(JAM.). Lnk. Tae loup like a cock at a grosset At ilka bit bodie 
we see, May dae unco weel for some tarlochs, But, lad, it'll no dae 
for me, THOMSON Musings ( 1 88 1 ) 44. w.Yks. 2 Tha'rt a nice tarlack! 

2. A silly, inactive girl. Abd. (JAM.) 3. Any creature 
or thing small, weak, and worthless of its kind. Bnff. 1 , 
Ayr. (JAM.) 4. v. To go about in a lazy manner. Bnff. 1 

5. To show symptoms of disease, ib. 6. adj. Weak, 
peevish, grumbling. Ayr. Gl. Surv. 693 QAM.). 

7. Squeamish as to food ; reluctant to eat. Sc. QAM.) 

8. Of the weather : stormy. Lnl. A tarlogh day (it.}. 
TARM, see Term. 

TARMANACK, sb. Cor. 8 ' [ta'msnak.] A slovenly 

TARMINED, pp. Yks. Lan. Glo. Nrf. Also in form 
tarmint Lan. [ta'mind.] An aphetic dial, form of 
' determined.' 

w.Yks. Common (J.W.). Lan. He wur tarmint to mak o reel, 
SCHOLES Tim Gamuiattle (1857) 23. Glo. I started early on Monday 
marnin', 'tarmined to see as much as possible, GIBBS Cotswold 
Vill. (1898) 90. Nrf. I wor 'tarmined not to move, SPILLING 
Molly Miggs (1902) 40. 

TARMIT, see Turmit. 

TARN, sb. Sc. n.Cy. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. ; also 
Dev. [tarn, tan.] 1. A small mountain lake ; a deep 
pool ; a sheet of water fed by many small streams ; a 
shallow pool fringed with rushes. 

Sc. (JAM.) e.Sc. Tarns spot it, STRAIN Elmslie's Drag-net 

(1900) 55. Per. Leavin' their rooks amang the tarns o' Stormont 
vale, STEWART Character (18571 121. Dmf. A lonely loch or 
mountain tarn, WALLACE Schoolmaster (1899) 229. Gall. The 
wavelets of the tiny tarn, CROCKETT Kit Kennedy (1899) iv. 





N.Cy. 12 , Dur. 1 , Lakel. 12 , Cum. 4 Wm. A tarn of melted brimstone, 
HUTTON Bran New Wark (1785) 1. 239. n.Yks. 123 w.Yks. 
HUTTON Tour to Caves (1781) ; w.Yks. 1 , n.Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 n.Dev. 
GROSE (1790). 

Hence Blind-tarn, sb. a 'tarn' without visible outlet. 
Lakel. 1 2. A tear. [Not known to our correspondents.] 
Wm. Kirkby Stephen Messenger (Apr. 1891). 

[1. ON. tjorn (gen. tjarnar), a small lake (VIGFUSSON).] 

TARN, see Tarnd, Turn, v. 

TARNAL, adj. and adv. Irel. Yks. Brks. Ken. I.W. 
Som. and Amer. Also written tarnel s.Cy. I.W. 12 ; and 
in form ternal Ir. [ta'rnl, ta'nl.j 1. adj. and adv. An 
aphetic dial, form of 'eternal'; used as an intensitive or 
to express strong abhorrence. See Eternal, N-etarnal. 

Ir. Matther! oh, you 'tarnal villains, LOVER Handy Andy (1842) 
xli. w.Yks. 1 , Brks. 1 , s.Cy. (HALL.) Ken. Dare was a tarnal 
sight of meat, MASTERS Dick and Sal (c. 1821) st. 62 ; Ken. 1 I.W. 1 
There's a tarnel deeul on't ; I.W. 2 There's a tarnal gurt heap on't. 
w.Som. 1 'Tis a tarnal shame. Her's tarnal fond o' un. [Amer. 
It's a scorpion. . . I darsn't skeer the tarnal thing, LOWELL Biglow 
Papers (1848) 58.] 
2. adj. In phr. by the ternal war, an expletive. 

Ir. By the 'ternal war! if you say another word, I'll throw the 
jug at you ! LOVER Handy Andy (1842) ii. 

TARNATION, sb., adj. and adv. In gen. dial, use in 
Sc. Irel. Eng. and Amer. Also written tahnation Suf. 1 ; 
tarnaayshun Brks. 1 ; tarnashun I.W. 1 ; and in forms 
tare-nation Ir. ; ternation Sus. [tarna'Jan, tane-Jan.] 

1. sb. An expletive ; a disguised form of ' damnation ' ; 
esp. in phr. tarnation seize you. Cf. nation, sb. 2 

Ir. Tare-nation to the rap itselfs in my company, CARLETON 
Traits Peas. (ed. 1843) I. 26. Don. Tarnation saize ye ; let go me 
throat! MACMANUS Bend of Road (i&gS) 33. I.W. 1 

2. adj. and adv. Used as an intensitive. 

Sh.I. We've edder made a michty big miscalcalation, or a 
tarnation quick passage, OLLASON Mareel (1901) 80. Ayr. I was 
held as no artist by him, but simply a tarnation sweep-maker, 
HUNTER Studies (1870) 218. Don. What's this tarnation tom- 
foolery about in my front parlour? MACMANUS Bend of Road 
(1898) 66. n.Cy. (J.W.) e.Yks. 1 Bob's a tarnation sect betther 
then Jack, MS. a<#.(T.H.) w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. What tarnation 
game's this? Alanch. Even. Mail (Aug. 27, 1901) 2. Chs. 13 Der. 2 
A tarnation big lie. se.Lin. A tarnation fool (J.T.B.). Brks. 1 w.Mid. 
I did feel a tarnation fool (W.P.M.). e.An. 2 Nrf. There wus a 
tarnation rOke (W.R.E.). Suf. 1 A tahnashun sight of folks. Sus. 
I cum away ternation crass, LOWER Tom Cladpole (1831) st. 125. 
w.Som. 1 Tarnation ugly. [Amer. He is in a tarnation hurry, SAM 
SLICK Clockmaker (1836) ist S. ix.] 

Hence Tarnationally, adv. very, exceedingly. 

e.An. 2 Faaither is tarnationally grumpy to-day. 

TARN'D, ppl. adj. Nhb. Cum. Also written tarn't 
Cum. 14 ; and in form tarn n.Cy. Nhb. 1 [tarn(d.l Ill- 
natured, fierce, crabbed. 

n.Cy. (HALL.) Nhb. Just pinch'd te deeth they're tarn and 
snarly, WILSON Pitman's Pay (18431 29; Nhb. 1 Cum. 1 E'en telt 
my tarn'd auld mudder, ANDERSON Ballads (1805) 44 ; Cum 4 

TARNELLY, adv. I.W. 1 [ta-nali.] An aphetic dial, 
form of ' eternally.' ' She's tarnelly talkun about et.' 

TARPIT.i;. Obs. Sc. An aphetic dial.formof 'interpret.' 

Per. Giflit intil sic things as the tarpitin a dreams, MONTEATH 
Dunblane (1835) 91, ed. 1887. 

TARPORLEY-PEACH, sb. Chs. A kind of pear ; see 

Chs. 1 ; Chs. 3 The Aston town pear is so called, as it is generally 
ripe about the time of the Tarporley races and the meeting of the 
club, which takes place in the first week in November. 

TAR(R, v . and sb. Irel. Yks. Chs. Lin. Wor. Sur. 
Also in form thar Wxf. 1 [ta(r).] 1. v . To excite to 
anger or violence ; to tease ; also with on. Wxf. 1 , Chs 123 
se.Wor. 1 Hence Tarry, adj. irritable, verging towards 

Spiteful anger. seJLin. He got quite tarry (J.T.B.). 

2. With off: to put a person off with useless information. 
Sur. (T.T.C.) 3.5*. A mischievous character; used esp 
of a child. 

w.Yks. We say tut' barn ' Eh, tha'rt a tar ! ' Yks. Wkly Post 
(July 10, 1897); w.Yks. 5 

[And like a dog that is compell'd to fight, Snatch at his 
master that doth tarre him on, SHAKS. K.John, iv. i. 117.] 

TARR, see Tor(r. 

TARRADIDDLE, sb. Sus. [tae-radidl.] A liar. 

Squire Darling were a tarradiddle, BLACKMORE Springhaven 
(1887) v. 

TARRADIDDLED, ppl. adj. ? Obs. w.Cy. Imposed 
upon, as by lies ; puzzled ; bewildered. (HALL.) Cf. 

TARR AG AT, v. Sc. A corrupted form of 'interrogate.' 
Sc. (JAM.) Hence Tarragatin, vbl. sb. a strict examina- 
tion ; the act of examining strictly. Sc. (JAM.), Bnff. 1 

TARRAN, sb. Obs. Rxb. QAM.) A peevish, ill- 
humoured person. See Tirran, sb. 2. 

TARRANT, adj. and sb. Yks. Lan. [ta'rant] 1. adj. 
Mean, disreputable ; a corruption of 'the arrant.' 

e.Yks. 1 Tarrant awd hussy tell'd ma Ah was a leear. 

2. sb. A crabbed, ill-natured person. w.Yks. THORESBY 
Lett. (1703). n.Lan. 1 

TARRAS, sb. Yks. [ta'ras.] A troublesome, mis- 
chievous lad. 

w.Yks. He's a regular tarras and nubdy can say him (H.L.). 

TARRAS, see Terrace, sb. 2 

TARRAT, sb. Hmp. w.Cy. Cor. Also written tarret 
Cor. [tse-rat.] Aloft. The same word as 'tallet' (q.v.). 

Hmp. 1 Hmp., w.Cy. A hay tarrat (J.R.W.). Cor. (F.R.C.) 

TARRET, v. Obs. n.Cy. To tarry. (HALL.) 

TARRET, see Tarrat, Tarrock. 

TARRICROOK(E, sb. Sh.I. Also written taricrook ; 
and in form taricrocke (JAM.). A bent pitchfork. 

(JAM.); J AKOBSEN Dial. (1897)45 > S. & Ork.' A pitchfork having 
the prongs at right angles with the shaft, used for gathering and 
spreading seaweed as manure. 

[ON. bari-, seaweed (VIGFUSSON).] 

TARRIE, sb. Obs. Sc. Trouble. 

Gin ye ca' me fairy, I'll work ye muckle tarrie, CHAMBERS Pop. 
Rhymes (ed. 1870) 324. 

TARRIE, see Terrie, sb. 1 

TARRIER, sb. Lon. An instrument used to extract a 
bung from a turpentine-barrel. 

It is made in the shape of three tapering cork-screws, 
united at their bases. Any two serve as a handle to the third 

[Fr. tariere, an augur (CorcR.).] 

TARROCK, sb. Sc. Yks. Cor. Also in forms tarret 
Sh.I. ; tirracke Sh.I. QAM.) S. & Ork. 1 ; tirrik, tirrook 
Sh.I. QAM.) [ta'rak, ta'rok.J 1. The common tern, 
Sterna fluviatilis. 

Sh.I. SWAINSON Birds (1885) 202; Whaar da piltiks bul an da 
tirriks dip, JUNDA Klingrahool (1898) 13. 
2. The arctic tern, S. macrura. SWAINSON ib. 3. The 
kittiwake, Rissa Mdactyla ; esp. used of the young bird 
before the first moulting. 

Sh.1. (JAM.) ; The querulous cry of the tirracke, and kittiewake, 
SCOTT Pirate (1821) x; S. & Ork. 1 , s.Sc. (R.H.H.) Yks. Yks. 
Wkly. Post (Dec. 31, 1898). Cor. ROOD Birds (1880) 315. 

TARRON, sb. n.Yks. 2 [ta'ran.] A scamp, rake ; lit. 
'tar 'one. See Tar(r, 3. 

TARROODEAL,s6. I. Ma. [ta-rudil.] A kind of beetle ; 
lit. ' devil's bull.' 

Maybe flowers, for her to look at, or tarroodeals or ladybirds, 
BROWN Yarns (1881) 235, ed. 1889. 

TARROO-USHTEY, sb. I.Ma. [ta'ru-ujti.] A fabulous 

Freckened she'd come in some shape or another, like a corpse. . . 
or a tarroo-ushtey, BROWN Witch (1889) 83. 

TARROW, v. and sb. Sc. [ta'ro, ta'ra.] 1. v. Obs. 
A dial, form of ' tarry ' ; to delay ; to linger. 

Sc. (JAM.); DALRYMPLE Gl. 32; Be still taking and tarrowing 
[Take what you can get, though not all that is due], KELLY Prov. 
(1721) 63; Lang tarrowing taks a' the thanks awa, HENDERSON 
Prov. (1832) 100, ed. 1881. 

2. To complain ; to find fault with one's food ; to refuse 
food, &c. merely out of peevishness. 

Sc. Children are said to tarrow at their meat, when they delay 
taking it, especially from some pettish humour, or do it so slowly 
that it would seem they felt some degree of reluctance (JAM.) ; 
A tarrowing bairn was never fat, FERGUSON Prov. (1641) No 
43. Sh.I. The mair he tarrows the less he gets, SPENCE Flk-Lore 




(1899) 216; S. & Ork. 1 , Cai. 1 Abd. But she's as weak as very 
water grown, And tarrowsat the browst that she had brown, Ross 
HfUnore (1768)65, ed. i8ia. w.Sc. Her tongue never lay frae 
mornin' till night; aye tarrow tarrowing, CARRICK Laird of Logan 
(1835) 86. Cld. I darena tarrow (JAM.). Ayr. I hae seen their 
coggie fou, That yet hae tarrow'd at it, BURNS Dream (1786) st. 
15. Kcb. Sic was the fate o' norland Gib, Wha tarrow'd at his 
copgy. DAVIDSON Seasons (1789) at. 

Hence Tarrower, sb. in phr. beggars or tiggers should 
not be tarrowers, beggars should not be choosers. Sh.I. 
Sh. News (Aug. 7, 1897) ; SPENCE Flk-Lore (1899) 212. 
3. To be sick and weakly ; used also of ill-thriven 
springing corn. Mry. Gl. Surv. QAM.) Bnff. 1 4. sb. 
A slight illness. Bnff. 1 6. Phr. in the tarrow, of grain : 
having the strength of the seed exhausted, before the 
plant has power to draw sufficient sustenance from the soil. 

The corn's i' the tarrow, ib. 

TARRY, v. Yks. Lan. Der. Glo. [ta'ri.] 1. To await, 
linger, stay. 

Lan. Children are said to ' tarry at noon ' who do not go home 
to dinner, but stay in the school-room, ./V. & Q. (1879) sth S. xi. 
337. Der. 2 Tarrying at home. nw.Der. 1 Glo. 1 I don't know who 
the gentleman was, but he tarried at the door some time, speaking 
to the girl. 

2. With by : to linger over. 

w.Yks. If we get [another! job this will sooin be done ; if not 
we shall tarry by it, Yks. Wkly. Post (Sept. 19, 1896). 

TARRY, adj. Sc. Dur. Also in forms taurrie, taury 
Sc. [ta'ri.j In comb, d) Tarry-breeks, a sailor; (2) 
fingered, dishonest, pilfering ; (3) -fingers, a dishonest 
hand ; hence a dishonest person ; (4) -handed, see (2) ; 
(5) -neives, see (3) ; (6) -towt, a single strand of rope 
steeped in tar ; (7) -trick, cheating, pilfering. 

(i) Sc. (JAM.) Bch. Tarry-breeks should ay go free, FORBES 
Dominie (1785) 43. Ayr. Young, royal Tarry Breeks, BURNS 
Dream (1786) st. 13. Dmf.A tarry-breeks fighting the Spaniards 
somewhere in the Southern seas, HAMILTON Manikin (1898) 137. 
(a) Sc. (JAM.), Cai. 1 Bnff. To prevent ' tarry-fingered ' customers, 
all the wobs were hooked in unison, with a chain or rope of cleeks, 
GORDON Keith (1880) 74. e.Flf. Graspin' my solitary saxpence in 
my loof that it michtna be abstrackit by some o' the tarry-finger't 
gentry, LATTO Tarn Bodkin (1864) xviii. (3) Sc. (JAM.) Ayr. 
The gipsies hae tarry fingers, and ye would need an e'e in your 
neck to watch them, GALT Sir A. IVylie (1823) 1. Lnk. Wha was't 
put a bawbee in the kirk-plate, an' lifted oot the four-penny bit, 
eh? Answer me that, auld taurrie fingers! MURDOCH Readings 
(1895)1.35. (4) Sc. (JAM.) Rnf. Man sets the stamp [trap] ; but 
we can tell He's aften taury haun'd himsel', PICKEN Poems (1813) 
' 6 5- (5) Dmf - Tweed-shaw's tarry neives are here, CROMEK 
Remains (1810) 98. (6)e.Dur. 1 (7) Edb. Ye'll ne'er gie o'er that 
tarry trick, Likewise that way o' cheating folk, LIDDLE Poems 
(i8ai) 108. 

TARRY, see Terrier, sb.' 

TARRYMICHIE-CLAY, sb. Bnff. 1 A fine kind of clay. 
Cf. tawnymichie-clay. 

TARSE, see Tas(s. 

TARSET, sb. Obs. Nhb. 1 In phr. Tarset and Tarra- 
bnrn,yit,yit,yit, a rallying cry; see below. 

Upwards of fifty years ago the old people used to relate how, in 
their early days, young men from the districts beyond Bcllingham 
came to Stagshawbank in groups or clans for no other purpose 
than to provoke a fight, which they never failed to do. When 
the well understood battle cry of ' Tarset and Tarraburn, yet, yet, 
yet ! ' resounded through the fair, then dogs and human beings 
joined in a scene of wild confusion, FORSTER Corbridge (1881) 45. 

TARSIE-VERSIE, TARSY, see Tersyversy, Tersy. 

TART, sb. 1 Obs. Lan. A meat pie. 

We dined upon beef tarts, BYROM Remin. (1734) in Clielh. Soc. 
XXXIV. 54 a. 

TART, adj. and sb? Var. dial, uses in Sc. and Eng. 
Also in forms taat w.Yks. 5 ; teart w.Yks. 5 War. 28 w.Wor. 1 
se.Wor. 1 Shr. 12 Hrf. 2 Pern. Glo. 1 Oxf. 1 Brks. 1 Hmp. 1 w.Cy. 
WiL 1 Dor. 1 Som. ; teert s.Wor. 1 Glo. ; tert Brks. 1 Som. ; 
tiert Hrf. 12 ; tort Wii. ; turt Hmp. [tart, tat; tiat.] 
1. adj. Sour, esp. of beer or cider ; acrid ; of cheese : 

Sc. (A.W.), Cnm. (E.W.P.), w.Yks. 5 , Not. (J.H.B.). War. 2 , Glo. 1 
Oxf. 1 This cheese is very teart. Hmp. (H.C.M.B.) Wil. 1 The North 

Wilts horses, and other stranger horses, when they come to 
drinke of the water of Chalke-river, they will sniff and snort, it is 
so cold and tort, AUBREY Nat. Hist. (ed. 1847) 3 3-4- Dor. 1 , Som. 
(J.S.F.S.) e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

2. Of the wind or weather: sharp, keen, piercing, bracing. 
War. 2 w.Wor. 1 The wind's teart this marnm', an' no mistake ! 

se.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 It's a mighty teart day. Hrf. 2 Oxf. It's tart here 
(A.L.M.). Dor. Here were the downs, with their delicious tart 
air, FRANCIS Fiander's Widow (1901) pt. n. viii. 

3. Painful, tender to the touch, smarting, stinging. 
War. 2 A teart wound ; War. 3 A cut or wound which produces 

sharp pain is said to be teart. Wor. (W.C.B.) w.Wor. 1 I run a 
pikel into my fut, 'twas mighty teart. se.Wor. 1 , s.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 
My 'and's despert bad ; theer inna much to be sid, but it's that 
teart sore I canna bar a fither to touch it ; Shr. 2 , Hrf. 12 Glo. My 
eye is so teart from the lotion being put in (A.B.) ; Glo. 1 , Brks. 1 , 
Hmp. 1 , w.Cy. (HALL.). Wil. 1 Som. Cams are very teart when 
you go nigh the fire (W.F.R.). e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

4. Brittle. 

s Pern. This calico is awful teart, it wonna do for the jackal 

5. Wild. 

Glo. The partridges when wild are ' teert,' GIBBS Coiswold Vill. 
(1898) 163. 

6. Fig. Harsh, severe. 

Brks. 1 Dor. 1 A teart miaster. Som. She got a tert temper, 
RAYMOND Gent. Ufcott (1893) ii. 

7. Of gossip, &c. : stinging, striking. 

Sh.I. A flccin report Tart as da mind o' mortal can create. . . 
Whin ecnce a start is made, Da nearer mooth meets lug, da tale's 
da tarter, OLLASON Afareel (1901) 18. 

8. sb. A sharp pain. Wil. N. &- Q. (1881) 6th S. iv. 107. 
TARTAN, sb. Sc. Yks. [ta'tan.] 1. A coarse variety 

of woollen or worsted cloth. w.Yks. (M.F.) 2. Fig. 
The Scottish Lowland or Highland dialect ; Highland 
manners or customs. Sc. DICK Diet. (1827). 

[1. Cp. Fr. liretaine, linsie-woolsie (COTGR.).] 

TARTAN-PURRY, sb. Sc. Also written tart-and- 
purrie S. & Ork. 1 A kind of pudding or porridge ; see 

Sc. (JAM.) Sh.1. Cabbage entered largely into the winter 
dietary, in such preparations as lang kale, short kale, and tartan- 
purry, SPENCE Flk-Lore ( 1 899) 177 ; S. & Ork. 1 Porridge made with 
the water in which cabbage has been boiled. Bch. Had . . . Tartan- 
purry, meal and bree, Or butt'ry brose, Been kilting up her petti- 
coats Aboon her hose, FORBES Dominie (1785) 35. Abd. A sort 
of pudding made of red colewort chipped small and mixed with 
oatmeal, SHIRREFS Poems (1790) Gl. 

TARTAR, sb. w.Yks. 1 A covetous, grasping person. 

TARTLE, v. 1 and sb. 1 Obs. or obsol. Sc. Also in form 
tertle (JAM.). 1. v. To hesitate, esp. to hesitate in 
recognizing a person. 

Sc. A loom purse makes a tartling merchant, RAMSAY Prov. 
(1737). Per., Lth. Itartledat him (JAM.). Rxb. I tartle not to say, 

RlDDELL Pott. Wks. (1871) II. 338. 

2. Of a horse: to shy, jib. Lth. QAM.) 3. To recog- 
nize, take notice of. Rxb. Her never tertled me (it.). 
4. sb. Hesitation in the recognition of a person or thing. 
Lth. QAM.) 

TARTLE, v? and sb.' Sc. Irel. [ta'rtl.] 1. v. To 
rend, tatter. 

Rnf. Raxin' tae a shot, Braced as ticht's a drum, Tartled a' his 
tither pair [of 'breeks'] Richt across the bum, NEILSON Poems 
(1877) 94. n.Ir. The goat wis a divil repulsive to sight; Both 
tartl'd an' shaggy, an' thin as a post, Lays and Leg. (1884) 78. 
Uls. (M.B.-S.) 

2. sb. pi. Fringe-like projections from an old torn gar- 
ment. Ant. Ballymena Obs. (1892). 

TARTRE, sb. Cai. 1 [ta'rtar.] A noise made by 
scrambling about. ' Fat ir ye kickan ip sicna tartre far? ' 

TARTUFFISH, adj. Obs. Rxb. QAM.) Sour, sullen, 

TARTY, adj. 1 Wor. [ta'ti.] Tart, sour. 

s.Wor. The cider's a bit tarty an' ropy; 't yeant bad drink else 

TARTY, adj.* Hmp. fta-ti.l Dainty, particular as to 
food. (H.E.) 

TARVE, see Tervee. 

F 2 




TARVEAL, v., sb. and adj. Obs. Sc. Also in form 
taweal (JAM.). 1. v. To fatigue ; to plague, vex ; ? a 
dial, form of Fr. iravailler. 

Sc. SIBBALD Cl. (1802) (JAM.). n.Sc. QAM.) Abd. Gin yeanes 
begin, ye'll tarveal's night and day, Sae 'tis vain ony mair to be 
speaking o't, Ross Helenore (ed. 1789) 134 (JAM.). 

2. sb. Fatigue. 

Sc. SIBBALD Gl. (1802) (JAM.). Abd. SHIRREFS Poems 

(i 790) Gl. 

3. adj. Ill-natured, fretful. 

n.Sc. QAM.) Bch. The vile tarveal sleeth o' a coachman began 
to yark the poor beasts, FORBES Jrn. (1742) *5- 

TARVIZZEEN, vbl. sb. Obs. Wxf. 1 Also in form 
tharvizeen. Struggling ; contending, scolding, tormenting. 
Cf. tave, V. 1 ' Zitch vezzeen, tarvizzeen,' 86. 

TARVY, TARY, see Tervee, Teery. 

TARYLUG, v. Wor. To tear and pull about. 

s.Wor. Thahy two folks 'a mauled an' tarylugged an' bamboozled 
one another about oonderfu' ; a wuz despret rough. The follah 
be oncommon rough an' scutchy, a'll a to gie it a good taryluggm 
afoer a'll be hup to much (H.K.). 

TASCAL-MONEY, sb. Obs. Sc. The money formerly 
given in the Highlands for information regarding cattle 
which had been carried off. 

Besides tracking the cows, there was another means whereby 
to recover them ; which was, by sending persons into the country 
suspected, and by them offering a reward (which they call Tascal 
money) to any one who should discover the cattle, and those who 
stole them, BURT Lett. (1754) II. 243 (JAM.). 

[Gael, taisgeal, finding of anything (MACBAIN).] 

TASK, v. and sb. 1 Sc. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Also written 
tach(e Sc. (JAM.) ; and in form tass n.Cy. w.Yks. 1 [taj.] 

1. v. To soil, tarnish, stain, dirty ; to bespatter ; to spoil 
slightly. Cf. tashled. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; You will hear it said ' The flowers have got tashed 
wi" the rain,' but that does not mean either soiled, tarnished, or 
seriously or irrecoverably injured. This is another Scotch word 
that has no exact English equivalent. It means slightly spoiled, in 
such a way that things will come right again,MonTGOMERiE-FLEMiNG 
Notes on Jam. (1899) ; They're tash'd-like and sair torn, And 
clouted upon ilka knee, CHAMBERS Sngs. (1829) II. 336. Cai. 1 
Abd. In a rubbish heap of ancient and discarded literature I came 
across a tashed Bible, Abd. IVkly. Free Press (Oct. 12, 1901). 
Ayr. Her silk gown had been turned, and looked sair tashed, 
JOHNSTON Congalton (1896) 299. Lnk. Has an unco' han'-me-doon 
look, an indoor face, no tashed wi' the weather, but sair blotched 
wi' the dram, FRASER Whaups (1895) xiii. Gall. Long man with 
the tashed coat, say after me ! CROCKETT Love Idylls (1901) 35. 
n.Cy. (HALL.), w.Yks. 1 

2. Fig. Obs. To slander ; to cast a stain on a person ; 
to upbraid, taunt. 

Sc., n.Sc. (JAM.) Lnk. Their frien's gat word an' gather roun' 
Determin'd sair to tease an' tash, WATT Poems (1827) 101. 
8. With about : to throw about, so as to injure. 

Abd. (JAM.) Lnk. I howked up thae stanes by the Burn, so 
they havenae been lyin" tashin' aboot, FRASER Whaups (1895) xiii. 

4. To fatigue, weary out. 

Ayr. Sair toutit an' tasht, the body came wast, For the gaet it 
lay deep in the snaw, AINSLIE Land of Bums (ed. 1892) 243. 
Rxb. To tash dogs, to weary them out in hunting (JAM.). ne.Lan. 1 

5. sb. A stain, spot, drop, blemish, flaw. Sc. GAM.) 

6. Fig. A blot, stain ; a reproach, affront ; disgrace. 

Sc. Her marrying a man commonly judged her husband's mur- 
derer, would leave a tash upon her name, SCOTT MelwTs Memoirs 
(1735) Introd. 23. Abd. I would sooner die forever than that the 
good name of my lord should be sullied by one tache, COBBAN 
Angel (1898) 165. Rnf. This was a new tash put on the Commis- 
sioner, as was thought, WODROW Corns. (1709-31) II. 191, ed. 

7. A dirty, fatiguing journey. w.Yks. 1 

[1, 2. Fr. tacher, tascher, to spot, blot, stain, blemish ; to 
disgrace (CoxoR.).] 

TASH, sb. 2 Nhb. 1 [taj.] A shortened form 
' moustache.' ' Him wi' the tash.' 

TASH, adj. Obs. Dur. Fretful, captious, hard to 
please ; ill-natured ; forward. (K.), (HALL.) 

TASH, TASHEL, see Tosh, sb. 2 , Tassel, Tassle. 

TASHELLIE, adj. Sc. Of animals : having the hair 
jr wool matted together with dirt. 

Gall. A rouch curr tyke seated ... on his am twa tashelhe 
hurdles, MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824) Introd. ix ; (J.M.) 

TASHELTON, sb. Obs. Lan. One who in walking 
covers himself with mire. THORNBER Hist. Blackpool 
1837) no. 

TASHLED, ppl. adj. Obs. ne.Lan. 1 Bespattered with 
wet. Cf. tash, v. 

TASK, sb. 1 and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and Lng. 
task, task.] 1. sb. A given quantity of work ; work to 
3e done by the piece ; also in comp. Task-work. 

n.Cy. He sets them [coal miners] their task by the great, 
HUNTER Georgical Essays (1803) II. 149- Yks - Labourers reap or 
mow by the acre, thrash by the bushel, or quarter, or do any other 
task work, ib. II. 141. ne.Lan. 1 , Lin. 1 , nXin. 1 Shr. I agree with 
my workmen to thrash most of the wheat and barley by task, 
MARSHALL Review (1818) II. 242; Shr. 2 My present job is task- 
work. Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). Oxf. (G.O.) Brks. A horse is 
<ept orshood by the task, i.e. at so much a year(K.). Ken., Sus. 
HOLLOWAY. Hmp. The forests, wastes, and woodlands, allure 
many to task-work in such places, cutting wood and raising fuel, 
MARSHALL Review (1817) V. 336. 

2. A school lesson.' 

Uls. An Ulster lad, when at school, gets his 'tasks' (a more 
expressive word than lessons), N. Whig (May 8, 1901). s.Lan. 1 
n.Lln. 1 Have you got your tasks ready, boys ? 

3. v. To do work by the piece. 

Shr. 2 He's left his plack at the pits and gwon a tasking. 
Hence (i) Tasker, sb. a labourer who works by the 
piece ; a thresher ; a reaper ; (2) Tasker's-corn, sb. a 
blow with a whip ; (3) Tasker's-leasers, sb. pi. the wives 
and children of ' taskers,' who are allowed to glean in the 
harvest-field before all comers are admitted. 

(i) Sc. We'll take auld Cuddle, the muckle tasker, wi' us ; he 
kens the value o' the stock and plenishing, SCOTT Blk. Dwarf 
(1816) vii. Lth. A labourer who receives his wages in kind, 
according to the quantity of work he performs (JAM.). e.Lth. 
The taskers are those who are employed in threshing out the 
corn ; and they receive one boll of every 25, or the twenty-fifth 
part for their labour; and this has been their fixed and stated 
wages as far back as can be remembered, Statist. Ace. II. 353 (ib.). 
Edb. The meikle tasker, Davie Dallas, Was telling blads of 
William Wallace, MITCHELL Tinklarian (ed. 1810) 3. se.Wor. 1 
Shr. 1 ; Shr. 2 My own men bin a cutting the lent tillin, and the 
taskers a-swiving the wheat. Bdf. BATCHELOR Anal. Eng. Lang. 
(1809) 145. Hrt. A tasker who threshes out his quota of grain, 
ELLIS Mod. Husb. (1750) IV. iv. 125. Nrf. GROSE (1790). e.Nrf. 
MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1787). Wil. In cutting the Lent corn 
few ' taskers' are employed, the resident labourers being generally 
sufficient, DAVIS Agric. (1811) 211 ; Wil. 1 (2) w.Yks. 2 This is a 
phrase used by a man who drives a horse. (3) Shr. 1 

TASK, sb. 2 Obs. Sc. The angel or spirit of any per- 
son. Cf. taisch. 

Rs. The ghosts of the dying, called tasks, are said to be heard, 
their cry being a repetition of the moans of the sick. . . The corps 
follow the tract led by the tasks to the place of interment ; and 
the early or late completion of the prediction is made to depend 
on the period of the night at which the task is heard, Statist. Ace. 
III. 380 (JAM.). 

TASKED, ppl. adj. Obs. Sc. n.Cy. Also in form 
taskit Sc. OAM.) ' In full work ; much fatigued with hard 
work. Sc. OAM.), n.Cy. (HALL.) Hence Taskit-like, 
adj. having the appearance of being greatly fatigued. 

n.Sc. Right baugh, believe it as ye will, Leuks Scotland, taskit- 
like an' dull, TARRAS Poems (1804) 133 (JAM.). 

TAS(S, sb. Sc. Ken. Also in form tarse Ken. 1 [tas, 
tas.] 1. A small heap of earth. Sc. MACKAY. 2. A 
mow of corn ; a heap of hay. Ken. 12 Cf. toss, y. 1 5. 

Hence Tass-cutter, sb. an implement with which to cut 
hay in the stack, ib. 3. A large bunch ; a cluster of 
flowers. Sc. MACKAY. 

[Tasse, of corne, or ober lyke, tassis (Prompt.)] 
TASS(E, sb. Sc. Yks. e.An. Also in forms tais, taisie 
Sc. (JAM.) ; taizie Rxb. ; tassie Sc. A cup, glass ; a 
bowl, goblet. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; And now, Laird, will ye no order me a tass o' 
brandy ? SCOTT Guy M. (1815) iii. Abd. A pewter tassie doth 




give wine a vile taste, COBBAN Angel (1898) 169. Per. The tass 
o" pleasure at his lip, HALIBURTON Dunbar (1895) 34. Ayr. Go 
fetch to me a pint o' wine An' fill it in a silver tassie, BURNS My 
bonie Mary, 1. 2. Rxb. When we've thegither taen a taizie In 
hamely rhyme, A. SCOTT Poems (ed. 1808) 75. Gall. A tass of 
water nay, no wine, CROCKETT Lochinvar (1897) 13. w.Yks. 
PIPER Dial, Sheffield (1835) 18. e.An. 1 A tass of tea, a tass of 

[Fr. tasse, a bowl or cup to drink in (CoxcR.).] 

TASSEL, sb. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Lin. 
Also in forms tashel n.Lin. 1 ; tassal w.Yks. 4 ; tassil 
w.Yks. 2 ; tazzle n.Cy. w.Yks. ne.Lan. 1 [ta'sl.] 1. A 
good-for-nothing man or woman ; a'taistril'; a drunkard ; 
a slovenly woman ; a troublesome child. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790). w.Yks. HUTTON Tour to Caves (1781) ; 
Thah't not a drunken tassel, John, SENIOR Smithy Rhymes (1882) 
64 ; w.Yks. 24 , ne.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 Hoo's a bonny tassel, hoo is. 
Chs. 1 , Der. 12 , Not. 1 n.Lin. 1 You mucky little tashel get awaay 
wi' y6. 

Hence Tassel-rag, sb. a mild term of reproach. 

Chs. 1 Aw'll fettle yo, yo young tassel-rag. s.Chs. 1 Kiim aayt 
u dhaaf, yii lifl taas'il-raag! kon ; u bi reyt bu wot yd bin i siim 
mis'chif 1 

2. Obs. A silly fellow. n.Cy. GROSE (1790). 3. A 
shapeless, ugly object ; anything of little value. 

w.Yks. 2 A man said of a knife, ' Oh, what a tassil ! ' Der. 1 In 
slight use, 1890. 

TASSEL-RAG, sb. Chs. [ta'sl-rag.] The catkins of 
the willow, Salix Caprea. (B. & H.), Chs. 1 

TASSET, sb. Der. 2 nw.Der. 1 [ta'sit] An ill-behaved 

TASSIE, see Tass(e. 

TASSLE, sb. Lan. Lin. Also in forms tashel n.Lin. 1 ; 
tassil s.Lan. 1 [ta'sl.] A dial, form of ' teasle,' Dipsacus 
Fttllonum. e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , n.Lin. 1 [BAILEY (1721).] 

TASSLE, see Taissle. 

TASSOCK, sb. s.Chs. 1 [ta'sak.] A good-for-nothing 
person. ' driingk-n taas'uk Qv fl fel'u. 1 

TASSY, adj. Cum. 14 [ta'si.] Nice, pleasant. 

TASSY, see Tazzy. 

TASTE, v. and sb. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Der. 
Brks. s.Cy. Also written taest Sh.I. ; and in forms 
taayste Brks. 1 ; teaste Cum. [test, teast, tiast.] 1. v. 
In phr. to taste of the water, of beer : to be very poor. 
Brks. 1 (s.v. Rattletap). 2. To partake of refreshment ; 
to take a little drink ; to join in drinking ; gen. used of 
alcoholic drink. 

e.Sc. Weelyum, will ye taste ? STRAIN Etntslie's Drag-net (i9oo x , 
20. Per. A wheen bannocks ... an' aiblins just a drappie o' 
something to wash a' down. Will ye taste, hinnie ? CLELAND 
Inchbracken (1883) 58, ed. 1887. Ayr. He continued to haver with 
Jiim, till the ale was ready, when he pressed my grandfather to 
taste, GALT Gilhaiee (1823) v. Lnk. Tasting an' tipplin' till rag tag 
the waur o't, MURDOCH Doric Lyre (1873) 92.. Dmf. An awfu' 
heidache that forbad him ' tastin',' PATON Castlebraes (1898) 20. 

Hence Tasting, sb. a small quantity of anything, a 
mouthful, a sip, esp. used of food or drink. 

Sh.I. A taestin' o 1 fresh sillocks wid be a rarity, Sh. News (Oct. 
2, 1897). Frf. Capital stuff; ye can tak a tastin', MACKENZIE N. 
Pine(iSg-f) 316. Slk. At the fairs ... all contracts, settlements, 
and old friendships had to be sealed with a tastin'; and . . . these 
frequent tastings had a tendency ' to rin to the heid,' THOMSON 
Drummeldale (1901) 70. 

3. To give appetite to ; to please the palate ; to appease 
the appetite ; gen. in phr. to taste the gab or mou'. 

Abd. Some stuffs, they said, would taste your gab, ANDERSON 
Rhymes (ed. 1867) 74. Frf. Our bonny [Easter] eggs, o' ilka hue 
. . . To charm the e'e an' taste the mou', SMART Rhymes (1834) 
89. Lth. Bairns may pu", when yap or drouthy, A neep or bean, 
to taste their mouthy, BALLANTINE Poems (1856) 188. Edb. Good 
fat geese and turkies dainty To taste our gabs, MACNEILL Bygone 
Times (1811) 7. 

4. Fig. To appreciate ; to relish mentally. 

Per. As Lachlan's first effort it was much tasted, IAN MACLAREN 
Brier Bush (1895) 1 66. 

5. Obs. To smell. 

N.Cy. 8 , Der. 1 s.Cy. It is not uncommon to hear a man desire 
another to let him taste his snuff, GROSE (1790). 

6. sb. A small dainty or delicacy eaten as a relish to 
plainer food. 

w.Yks. (J.W.) s.Lan. 1 Aw've getten a black-puddin' for thee 
for a taste to thi baggin'. 

Hence Tastely, adj. savoury, appetizing. 

Cam. A cut o' dry't salmon's a teastely thing When flesh meat 
cannot be bed, DICKINSON Cumbr. (ed. 1876) 354. 

7. Of drink : a very small quantity ; a sip ; gen. used of 
alcoholic drink. 

Abd. Tho' whiles we're happy owre a ' taste,' We're better far 
without it, OGG Willie Wa/y (1873) 136. w.Sc. It's no lucky, ye 
ken, no to hae a taste ower a bargain, or what may be ane, MAC- 
DONALD Settlement (1869) 221, ed. 1877. Ayr. Gi'e us a refresh- 
ment on the road gaun, and maybe a taste on the road hamc, 
HUNTER Studies (1870) 143. Ir. A small taste of the rale good 
stuff, BODKIN Shillelagh (1902) at. n.Ir. Wull ye tak a taste o' 
sumthin' ? LYTTLE Paddy McQuillan, 37. Nhb. I'm tae hae a wee 
taste o' the whisky as weel, JONES Nhb. (1871) an. w.Yks. 

8. The least portion of anything; a soupcon ; a jot. 
e.Sc. I gied a wee taste o' polish to their hooves, STRAIN 

E/Hislie's Drag-net (1900) 17. Gall. One speaks of giving axles, 
&c. a ' taste of oil ' to make them work easily (A.W.). Ir. 
' Wasn't there any life in him when he was found ? ' ' Not a taste,' 
LOVER Handy Andy (1842) vi ; I (old you the man was not dead 
not a taste of it, BARRINGTON Sketches (1827-32) III. vii. N.I. 1 A 
taste o' matches. Con. I found me mother a taste better, BODKIN 
Shillelagh (1902 90. 

TASTEFUL, adj. Nhb. Having many different tastes 
or hobbies. 

Grandfeythor was ... a fine spender but an ill saver : . . he was a 
tarrible tasteful man lasses, greyhounds, an' horses, racin', 
drinkin', cockin'. an' card-playin' were aal hobbies ov his at one 
time or another, PEASE Tales (1899) 8. 

TASTER, sb. Obs. Sc. A dram ; a sip of spirits. 

Slg. I kik'd a saxpence frae my master, Then hous'd to get a 
morning taster, GALLOWAY Poems (1788) 31, ed. 1792. 

[Cp. tastour, a lytell cuppe to last wine, PALSGR. (1530).] 

TASTRIL, sb. Lan. 1 [te'stril.] A small keg or 

TASTY, adj. and adv. In gen. dial, use in Sc. Irel. 
Eng. and Amer. Also written taesty Sc. ; and in form 
teeasty n.Yks. 2 e.Yks. 1 [te'sti, tea'sti, tia'sti.] 1. adj. 
Savoury, appetizing, palatable. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; This ewe-milk cheese is very tasty, FERRIER Destiny 
(1831) I. xviii. Sh.I. Soor fish is mony a time a mair taesty 
morsel, as dow'd fish is, Sh. News (May 28, 1898). Frf. It's gey 
teuch, teuch, but it's very tasty, LOWSON Guidfollow (1890) 248. 
Ayr. It was just this bit end o' a ham. I thocht maybe it would 
be tasty for her, JOHNSTON Glenbuckie (1889) 224. Dmf. A tooth- 
some, tempting, tasty haggis, PATON Castlebraes (1898) 73. Ir. 
It's uncommon tasty. You might be nearly smellin' them bakin', 
BARLOW East unto West (1898) 266; I think they're tastier when 
their [sic] stinkin', savin' your presence, BODKIN Shillelagh 
(1902) 134. n.Yks. 2 , e.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. 2 Lan. They're a deal 
tastier. Boiled and steamed, yo' known, Longman's Mag. (Nov. 
1895) 71. Not. 1 , Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 Plain food is best for her, but she 
likes something a little tasty. War. 8 , Hnt. (T.P.F.) Ess. Some 
people do say it's more tasty, BURMESTER John Lott (1901) 256. 
Ken. I've got tastier ones in the 'Arrow Road many's the time off 
a barrer, Cornh. Mag. (Jan. 1894) 66. Dor. A drap or twothease 
marnen would be tasty, AGNUS Jan Oxber (1900) 318. Dev. 
' Wor the tea to your liking? ' ' 'Twas tasty tea,' ZACK On Trial 
(1899) 165. Cor. Brave and tasty these onions are, LEE Widow 
Woman (1899) 54. [Amer. They'd make your mouth water, they 
sounded so good and tasty, SLOSSON Foxglove (1898) 13.] 

Hence Tastiness, sb. savour, flavour. 

Nrf. The bully be a useful sorter plum, but he ain't to com- 
parison in tastiness to th' gage, MANN Dulditch (1902) 39. 
2. Neat, natty; with dainty habits; attractive; agreeable. 

Ayr. Chambers tells us that Willie Wastle's wife, wha was 
a dirty drab, was less tasty than the cat, wha washed her face wi' 
her loof, HUNTER Studies (1870) 28. Gall. The heartsomest, 
bonniest, most tasty bit lassie in a" the countryside, CROCKETT Kit 
Kennedy (1899) v. Kcb. Rob would be preferring some tasty 
black or brown hizzie from the Cannibal Islands to the shilpit 
peaky white lassies hereaway, MUIR Muncraig (1900) 245. N.I. 1 
Oh, he's a very tasty man. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) I.Ma. Any- 
thing nice is said to be tasty (S.M.); The tastiest woman there, 
BROWN Witch (1889) 72. 




3. adv. Tastefully, prettily. 

n.Dev. Your hair do grow mortal tasty on your head, mother, 
ZACK Dunstable Weir (1901) 93. 

TAT, sb. 1 ne.Lan. 1 e.An. 1 Suf. 1 [tat, taet.] A child's 
word for ' father,' ' dad.' Cf. tatsy. 

TAT, sb. 2 Glo. 1 [taet.] A year-old sheep. 

TAT, sb. 3 Nhp. 2 [tat.] A child's game on a slate, 
the same as ' kit-cat-cannis ' (q.v., s.v. Kit, sb. 7 ). 

TAT, sb* and v. 1 Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Also in form 
tot Ant. [tat.] 1. sb. A tuft of hair, wool, c. ; a 
matted mass ; a small quantity. Cf. tait, sb. 1 , taut, v. 2 

Sc. (JAM. Stiff!.} Nhb. 1 In tats. Cum. 4 A lock of matted wool 
clipped off the hinder parts of sheep. 

Hence (i) Tatty, adj. tangled, matted, rough, unkempt, 
shaggy, ragged; (2) Tatty- Jack, sb. a sheep with a ragged 
and tattered fleece. 

(i) Sc. A tatty dog (JAM.) ; Wha wad hae thought there had 
been as muckle sense in his tatty-pow ? SCOTT Rob Roy (1817) 
xxxiv. s.Sc. An' John the Baptist wad be a youngish man wi' 
lang tatty black hair, CUNNINGHAM Brooinieburn (1894) xiv. N.I. 1 , 
N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 What a tatty heed Nanny hes. Cum. Her thick 
tatty hair is aw leyke a ling besom, RAYSON Poems (1839) 43 > 
Cum. 1 '' (2) Nhb. 1 

2. v. To mat ; to entangle ; to run into tufts, as hair, 
wool, &c. Sc. QAM. Suppl.), Ant. (S.A.B.), N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , 
Cum. 14 

TAT, sb. 5 and v? Yks. Der. Lon. [tat, taet.] 1. sb. 
A rag. 

Lon. Now I'll tell you about the tat gatherers, MAYHEW Land. 
Labour (1851) I. 424. 

2. pi. Odds and ends ; small victuals. Der. 2 , nw.Der. 1 

3. v. To gather rags. 

Lon. He goes tatting and billy-hunting in the country (gathering 
rags and buying old metal), MAYHEW Land. Labour (1851) I. 417. 

Hence Tatter, sb. a collector of rags, bones, &c. w.Yks. 
Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Nov. 26, 1898). 

TAT, sb. e and v. 3 Hmp. [taet.] 1. sb. A very slight 
tap or blow. HOLLOW AY; Hmp. 1 2. v. To touch 
gently. HOLLOWAY. 

TAT, dent, adj. and pron. Obs. or obsol. Cum. Wm. 
Lan. Also in form tad e.Lan. 1 A dial, form of ' that.' 

Cum. 1 A fell-dale word exclusively and nearly obsolete, 1860. ' Is 
tat tee, Bobby? 1 Cum. 4 Whaa's tat? DICKINSON Cumbr. (ed. 
1876) 165. s.Wm. Father, what's tat ? HUTTON Dial. Storth and 
Arnside (1760) 1. 46. Lan. Tat tung o thoine, SCHOLES Tint 
Gam-wattle (1857) 23. e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 

TATA, sb. and int. Obs. Dev. 1. sb. Excrement ; 
filth. Horae Sitbsecivae (1777) 427. 2. int. An exclama- 
tion used to frighten children when naughty, ib. 

TATCH, t;. 1 m.Yks. 1 [tatj.] To ' tat.' 

TATCH, v. 2 Yks. [tatj.] To set grass, &c. on fire ; to 
burn the undergrowth. w.Yks. Hlfx. Courier (]\\\y 3, 1807). 

TATCH, sb. Glo. 1 Also written [taetf.] An 
unpleasant flavour. Cf. tack, sb? 

TATCHY, adj. Yks. Lin. Nhp. War. Bdf. Hnt. w.Cy. 
Dev. Cor. Also written tachy Dev. [ta'tji, tee'tji.] 
Touchy, irritable, peevish, fretful, cross. See Tetchy. 

ne.Yks. 1 , n.Lin. 1 , Nhp. 1 , War. (J.R.W.), Bdf. (J.W.B.), Hnt. 
(T.P.F.) w.Cy. GROSE (1790). Dev. 'Er's bad tempered, an' no 
mistake ; I niver zeed zich a tatchy, ill-contrived little twoad in 
awl my life, HEWETT Peas. Sp. (1892). n.Dev. Ya purting tatchy 
. . . theng, Exm. Scold. (1746) 1. 21. Cor. I don't like to be tatchy, 
THOMAS Randigal Rhymes (1895) 27 

TATE, TATEE, see Tait, sb. 1 , v. 2 , Tatie. 

TATH(E, sb. and v. Sc. Nhb. Lakel. Cum. Yks. e.An. 
Also written taith Sc. (J A M.) Nrf. ; taythe e.An. 1 ; and in 
forms teath(e e.Yks. e.An. 12 Nrf. 1 ; toath Bnff. HAM.) ; 
toth(e Sc. [ta}>, teb ; tij>.] 1. sb. The dung of sheep 
and cattle, esp. when pastured on a field in order to 
manure it. Cf. tad, sb. 2 

Sc., Bnff. (JAM.) n.Cy., e.Cy. MORTON Cyclo. Aerie. (i86q). 
e.An.i 2 , Nrf. (E.M.), Nrf. 1 e.Nrf. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1787) I, 
34. Suf. RAINBIRD Agric. (1819) 3') ed. 1849. 

Hence Toth-fold, sb. an enclosure made for sheep or 
cattle on a place requiring their manure. Sc. (JAM.) 
Bnff., Abd. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 2. Obs. An 
ancient manorial right ; see below. 

Nrf., Suf. The lords of the manor claimed the privilege of having 
their tenants' sheep brought at night upon their own demesne 
lands, there to be folded for the improvement of the soil ; and this 
liberty was calledTath, STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes (1884) 149. 

3. A tuft of coarse, luxuriant grass growing up where 
manure has been dropped ; springy grass land. 

Sc. All grasses, which are remarkably rank and luxuriant, are 
called tath, by the stock farmers, who distinguish two kinds of it; 
water tath, proceeding from excess of moisture, and nolt tath, 
the produce of dung, Essays Highl. Soc. III. 468 (JAM.). N.Cy. 1 
Nhb. 1 Tath, rich soft grass without seed stalks (J.H.). Lakel. 2 , 
Cum. 2 e.Cy. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 

Hence (i) Tath-grass, sb., (2) Tath-heaps, sb. pi. tufts 
of coarse grass growing where cattle have dropped dung; 
(3) Tathy, adj. of grass: rich, rank, lacking firmness ; (4) 
Tathy-grass, sb. soft grass growing under trees ; coarse 

(i) N.Cy. 1 (2) Cum. 14 (3) Lakel. 2 , Cum. 2 ( 4 )n.Cy. (HALL.), 
Cum. 1 * 

4. v. To dung ; to manure land by pasturing sheep and 
cattle upon it. 

Sc. Applied to black cattle only (JAM.) ; The dung of horses is 
not proper for sandy grounds, being too hot, as may be observed 
from the grounds they tathe upon in summer ; where in place of 
throwing up a fresh tender grass, as it does on clay grounds, it 
commonly burns up all under and about it, MAXWELL Sel. Trans. 
(1743) 123 (ib.). Bnff., Abd. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). Gall. 
Sheep-lathing [is] confining sheep on a piece of land until they 
tathe or manure it, MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). Nhb. 1 e.Yks. 
MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1796) II. 128. e.An. 1 ; e.An. 2 It moreover 
includes the idea of 'trampling in.' Nrf. Mr. Coke, of Holkham, 
folds no sheep, and finds no want of it; keeps a greater stock 
than he could do with it, and finds his lays equally lathed, YOUNG 
Annals Agric. (1784-1815) XXXVII. 437; Tathing consists in 
carting turnips on to wheat in February and ; they call it 
pull and throw on wheat, eating them on that crop by sheep and 
bullocks, MARSHALL Review (1811) III. 381. Snf. RAINBIRD Agric. 
(1819) 301, ed. 1849. 

Hence Tothed-fold, sb. a ' toth-fold ' (q.v.). Mry., Bnff. 

[1. ON. (ad, manure, dung (VIGFUSSON). 4. ON. teoja, 
to manure (ib.) ; Tabin, stercoro (Prompt.).] 

TATHE, v. nw.Dev. 1 [tet$, tea$.] To gather corn 
into bundles, to be afterwards bound into sheaves. Cf. 
tething. Hence (i) Tather, sb. a woman or boy who 
follows the mowers, and forms the bundles from the 
swaths; (a) Tathing-crook, sb. an implement used in 
'tathing,' shaped like a sickle, but blunt; (3) Tathing- 
rake, sb. an implement used in 'tathing,' about a foot 
wide and having four long teeth. 

TATHER, sb. and v. 1 Irel. Chs. Shr. [ta't5a(r.] 

1. sb. A tangle ; a complicated state of things. Cf. 
tether, sb. 2 , tother, sb. 2. 

Shr. 1 Yo'n got this skein o' thrid i' sich a lather, it'll a to be cut. 

Hence (i) Tatherum-a-dyal, sb. complicated or unin- 
telligible language ; (2) Tathery, adj. unkempt. 

(i) s.Chs. 1 A man told me he liked to listen to a certain preacher, 
because he had ' none o' Ihis dicsonary talherum-a-dyal.' (a) Ant. 
Your lathery pow your uncombed hair, Ballymena Obs. (1892). 

2. Frog's spawn. Shr. 1 3. v. To entangle ; to twist ; 
to knot ; to involve; also usedyfg-. 

ib. 'The wmde's wassled an' lathered the corn till it'll be 
impossible to rape it, an' I canna bar mowin' w'eat il looks so 
slovenly.' Used chiefly in Ihe prelerile or participial form, as of 
persons or Ihings. ' I tell yo' whad, Jim, if yo' getlen blended up 
an' lathered among that lot, I've done 66th yo'.' 

TATHER, v 2 Shr. [ta'tSa(r).] To lay out work. 
BOUND Provinc. (1876) ; Shr. 2 Hence Tathering-chain, sb. 
a chain by which work is laid out and planned. Shr. 2 

TATHER, see Tether, sb. 1 

TATHERY-OUTERY, adj. Obs. Glo. 1 Tawdry, 

TATIE, sb. and v. In gen. dial, and colloq. use in Sc. 
Irel. and Eng. Also written tatey Dur. n.Yks. 2 Dev.; 
taty n.Cy. Nhb. e.Dur. 1 Cum. 14 Wm. Yks. Lan. w.Som. 1 
nw.Dev. 1 Cor. ; and in forms taatie S. & Ork. J n.Lin. 1 ; 
taaty Som. Cor. 8 ; tatee N.Cy. 1 Nhb. ; tater Lan. Chs. 1 
Not. Lin. 1 War. 234 se.Wor. 1 Hrf. 1 Oxf. 1 Nrf. Wil. 1 Som. 




Dev. ; tatoe Sc. w.Yks. 1 Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 s.Chs. 1 nw.Der. 1 
sw.Lin. 1 ; tattie Sc. Ir. Dev. ; tatty Chs. 8 ; tatur Shr. a 
Ken. ; tautie, tauty, tawtie, tawty Sc. ; tayter Brks. 1 ; 
teaty, teddy Som. ; tetty Nhb. 1 Dev. 3 Cor. 12 ; tittor 
Shi. [te'ti, tea'ti ; ti'ta, tea'ta.] 1. sb. In comb, (i) 
Taties-and-dab, potatoes boiled in their skins and eaten 
with salt ; (2) Tatie(s and-point, a dish of potatoes with 
a small piece of fish or meat merely to be pointed at ; 
see below ; (3) Taties-and-touch, a dish of potatoes and 
milk ; see below ; (4) Tatie-apple, (5) -ball, the round 
seed-bulb of the potato ; (6) -basket, a basket for carry- 
ing potatoes ; (7) -beetle, a potato-masher ; (8) -bing, 
a neap of potatoes ; (9) -blots, water in which potatoes 
have been boiled; (10) -boggle, (n) -bogie, (12) -hoodie, 
a scarecrow in a potato-field ; also used Jig. ; (13) -broo, 
(14) -broth, potato-soup ; (15) -bury, a heap of potatoes 
partially buried and entirely covered with earth, for pro- 
tection from the frost ; (16) -cake, a cake made of mashed 
potatoes and flour; (17) -champer, (18) -chapper or 
chopper, see (7) ; (19) -crab, the fruit of a potato ; a 
potato-top ; (20) -creel, see (6) ; (21) -demmuck, the 
potato-disease or epidemic ; (22) -dibble, a potato-dibble ; 
(23) -digger, a kind of double mattock ; (24) -doolie, see 
(10) ; (25) -drill, a potato-drill or furrow ; (216) -field, (27) 
garth, a potato-field or plot ; (28) -gotten, potato-gather- 
ing ; (29) -grab, a manner of grabbing and eating potatoes ; 
see below ; (30) -graip, a fork with flat prongs, used for 
digging potatoes; (31) -grave, see (15) ; (32) -ground, see 
(26) ! (33) -grubber, an implement for digging up potatoes; 
(34) -g un > a pop-gun made of a goose-quill ; (35) -hands, 
women and children employed in planting, picking, and 
sorting potatoes ; (36) -happing, straw used for covering 
potatoes ; (37) -harrows, a small convex pair of harrows 
to harrow potato-rows ; (38) -hash, (a) see (13) ; (b) meat 
and potatoes boiled together ; (39) -haum or -om, a 
potato-haulm ; (40) -heel, a hole in the heel of a stocking; 
(41) -hobbin, see (16) ; (42) -hock, see (15) ; (43)-hoggan, 
a potato pasty ; (44) -hon, a nook in a barn where 
potatoes are piled ; (45) -house, a house or room in which 
potatoes are kept ; (46) -howker, a potato-digger ; (47) 
ingin, the potato-onion, which is propagated from the 
bulb and not from seed ; (48) -kail, see (13) ; (49) -kro, 
a boarded corner in a house for preserving potatoes from 
frost ; (50) -laek, having the look of a potato-field ; (51) 
-lifting, the potato-harvest ; (52) -lot, a thousand yards of 
potato-drill allotted to a hind as one of his wage pay- 
ments ; (53) -market, a market for the sale of potatoes ; 
(54) -mowd or -miild, see (26) ; (55) -pairer, a peeler of 
potatoes ; (56) -pasty, see below ; (57) -patch, see (26) ; 
(58) -peck, a peck measure for potatoes; (59) -peels or 
pi 11 ins, potato peelings ; (60) -pickers, see (35) ; (61) 
pie, (a) see (38, b) ; (b) see (8) ; (62) -pie-beawt-lid, see 
(38, b) ; (63) -pie-talk, conversation between women 
sorting potatoes round a ' pie ' ; any loose or foolish 
gossip ; (64) -pikers, gatherers of potatoes after they 
are turned up on the ground ; (65) -pin, an instrument for 
making holes in the ground in which to plant potatoes ; 
(66) -pit, see (8) ; (67) -poke, a sack for holding potatoes ; 
(68) -pot, (a) a pot for holding potatoes ; (b) a dish ; see 
below ; (69) -pourings, see (9) ; (70) -pudding, see below ; 
(71) -rattle, Cornish stew; (72) -rig, see (25) ; (73) -rines, 
see (59) ; (74) -rowzer, ? an instrument for raising 
potatoes, a two-pronged mattock ; (75) -sack, see (67) ; 
(76)-scoose or-scowse, a dish very similar to' taty-hash"; 
(77) -settin, potato planting ; (78) -shaw, see (39) ; (79) 
-sick, of land : exhausted as regards potato-sowing ; (80) 
skep, see (6) ; (81) -skin, a potato-skin ; (82) -soup, see 
(13) ; (83) -store, see (45) ; (84) -time, see (51) ; (85) -top, 
see (39) ; also used as a term of contempt ; (86) -trap, the 
mouth ; the stomach ; (87) -traw, a potato trough ; (88) 
tump, see (15) ; (89) -walin(g, sorting out potatoes ; (90) 
women, women who work as ' taatie-hands ' (q.v.) ; (91) 
wushins, water in which potatoes have been washed ; 
(92) -zull, a kind of plough ; see below. 
(i) Sc. When the potatoes are laid on the table each person 

takes a quantity of salt, and lays it in a small heap before him. 
Each potato, when peeled, he dabs into this heap. . . When the 
potatoes are eaten from the pot, . . it is set on the floor, and the 
party sit round it. Salt is placed on a stool within easy reach of 
all, and each one helps himself from the supply by dabbing his 
potato on it (JAM. S//>/.). Ayr. A guid meal o" tatties an 1 dab, 
AITKEN Lays (1883) 45. Nhb. 1 (a) Sc. Sarcastically said to be 
common in Ireland. For this repast a plentiful supply of potatoes 
is said to be provided, with a small bit of meat or fish which is 
merely to be looked at. For the improvement of the potatoes, 
however, each one before it is eaten is pointed at the luxury (JAM. 
Suppl.). N.Cy. 1 , Lakel. 2 Cum. 1 People too poor or niggardly to 
buy flesh meat have been said to provide a very small piece of 
butter, or bacon fat, to be placed on the centre of the dinner-table ; 
and, having loaded their spoons with mashed potatoes, the diners 
were allowed to point towards but not to touch the morsel hence 
the name. Sometimes the piece of bacon was hung up to the 
ceiling; Cam. 4 w.Som. ' It is very common to hear old people, 
when expatiating upon the hardships of their youth as compared 
with the luxury enjoyed by the young of the present day, say, 
' Mate, sure 'nough ! we never had'n a-got none, 'twas always 
tatics and zalt, or taties and point, when father' d a-made shift vor 
to git hold o' a bit o' bacon like for his Zunday's dinner.' (3) 
Shr.'A dish is lined with mashed potatoes, a well beingleft in the 
centre, which is filled with hot milk having a lump of butter in it; 
into this each helping of potatoes is slightly dipped. A story is 
told of a farmer's wife that, as she placed before ' the men ' a 
supper of potatoes and milk prepared in the manner here described, 
she said fearing they would help themselves too lavishly to the 
buttered milk ' Now, chaps, yo' maunna tak' it all at wunst, yo' 
maun touch it, an 1 touch it : ' whence arose the term ' Tittoes an" 
touch!' (4) Nhb. 1 e.Yks.' MS. add. (T.H.) War. 2 (5) War. 2 , 
se.Wor. 1 (6) Dmf. Everybody in Castlebraes wanted Tattie 
Baskets, PATON Castlebraes (1898) 20. (7) Ayr. She's a boul- 
horned guidwife wi' a custroune carl o' a man who kaimbs her 
heid wi' the tattie-beetle, SERVICE Noiandums (1890) 113. Lnk. 
Armed with a sentiment of just wrath, a tattie-beetle in her right- 
hand, MURDOCH Readings (1895) I. 65. (8) Lth. On a tattie bing 
she last did fail To wake one inch more, LUMSDEN Sheep head 
(1892) 124. (9) Sb.I. Shu emptied da mylk i' da tub wi da tattie 
blots, Sh. News (Nov. 13, 1897). (10) Sc. (JAM.) ; Woman, . . do 
you mean to set up for a tattie-bogle or a Queen of Sheba? 
KEITH Bonnie Lady (1897) 126. Fif. Standin' up yonder like 
tautie-bogles afore the hale kirk, ROBERTSON Provost (1894) 64. 
Lnk. Borrow an old lum hat from the nearest ' tatiebogle,' ERASER 
Whaups (1895) iv. N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , n.Yks. 2 (n) Sc. (A.W.) 
(12) Sc. A potato field in which the proprietor had put what is 
known as a ' tattie-boody' for the purpose of protecting his crop 
from the ravages made by the crows, Jokes, 1st S. (1889) 7. (13) 
Lth. She's great at kial and tatty-broo, Or genty things, like pan- 
cakes good, LUMSDEN Sheep-head (1892) 151. (14) Sh.I. If ye're 
ta hae tattie broth fir da supper his [it's] time ye wir tinkin' aboot 
hit, Sh. News (Jan. 26, 1901). (15) se.Wor.' (16) n.Cy. (B.K.), 
Cum.>, Wm. (.B.K.), w.Yks. (J.W.) Chs. 3 Tak that tatty cake 
out o' th" oon (s.v. Oon). Cor. Fat pork an' tatie-cake, LEE Paul 
Carah (1898) 260. (17) Nbb. 1 (18) Abd. Tip-top timmer looters, 
an' trim tawty-chappers, OGG Willie Waly (1873) 60. Cum. 4 , 
Wm. (B.K.) (19) Cum. 4 , Wm. (B.K.) w.Yks. Thar, we lang 
switchers, we slang 'taty crabs, BLACKAH Poems (1867) 38. (20) 
Kcd. Skeps o' bees, an' sowen sieves, An' skulls, an' tatie creels, 
GRANT Lays (1884) 3. s.Sc. I'll rin up for a tauty-creel to haud 
them in, WILSON Tales (1839) V. 338. (21) n Lin. 1 What queer 
naames them Lunnun chaps does give to the'r newspaapers noo- 
a-daays ! why, I lay thaay've called that paaper th' parson's talkin* 
on th' Speckl taaier all up' accoont o' us hevin' th' taatie-demmuck. 

(22) Som. You would have thought it was a ' teddy dibble' running 
between your ribs, RAYMOND Love and Quiet Life (1894) 205. 

(23) w.Som. 1 (24) Frf. His outward man so stiff and grave, His 
arms like tatie-doolies brave, SANDS Poems (1833) 49; ' Oh, the 
tattie-doolie ! ' cried Gavinia, BARRIE Tommy (1896) xxx. (25) 
n.Sc. ' Gie me a tatie drill, this year,' said Meg, GORDON Carglen 
(1891) 195. Per. Broad rigs o' corn an' tatie dreels The braes 
bestride, STEWART Character ( 1857) 120. (26) Frf. The Retery's 
in flood ; T'now-dunnie's tattie field's out o' sicht, BARRIE 
Minister (1891) xxxv. Dmf. For 'tatie fields the craws are bent 
aye, An out them pick, HAWKINS Poems (1841) V. 42. Don. His 
mother toul' him to go out an' start in on the tatlie fiel', for it was 
full time they'd be gettin' them dug in, MACMANUS Bend of Road 
(1898) 44. ',27; Nbb. 1 (s.v. Garth). Dur. Houts man ! thou nivver 
dus nowt bit howk about i't tatey-garth (W.H.H.). e.Dur. 1 , 
n.Yks. 2 (28) w.Cy. Joan and me was worken tatie-getten, 




Corn/i. Mag. (Apr. 1895) 394. (29) Sc. In former days thirty 
years ago potatoes were boiled and poured, and the pot was 
placed within the circle of feasters ; the salt was placed within 
reach, and every man, woman, and child seized a tatie, devoured it, 
and seized another (G.W.). Per. The last time that we had a 
spree He shared the tatie grab wi' me, SPENCE Poems (1898) 167. 
(30) Lnk. Tatoe grapes an' sickles Gae tapsalteerie in the flicht, 
WATSON Poems (1853) 4 1 - Nhb. 1 (31) n.Lin. 1 Perhaps more 
correctly the surrounding hollow from which the covering earth 
has been taken. The word is rare. (32) Sh.I. Pieces of tattie 
grund here an' there through the parish . . . she generally 
obtained for 'dellin' a day in voar,' STEWART Tales (1892) 78. 
Per. Like . . . corbie craws on tawtie grun', FORD Harp (1893) 
156. Som. I vound . . . thic zixpuns, deggin in my teaty ground, 
AGRIKLER Rhymes (1872) 51. Cor. I got sum tetty ground, 
DANIEL Budget, 22. (33) Frf. Tearin' up the grund as if it was 
a kind o' improved tattie-grubber, WILLOCK Rosetly Ends (1886) 
14, ed. 1889. (34) Cum. 1 The quill punches the bullets out 
of a slice of potato ; Cum. 4 , Wm. (B.K.), n.Yks. (I.W.) (35) 
n.Lin. 1 (36) When potatoes are picked they are first gathered 
into small heaps on the land and ' happed down ' with straw. 
When all the potatoes in a close are picked they are then made 
into a large heap or ' pie.' This ' pie ' is first ' batted ' down with 
a thick coat of straw and then after a time covered with earth ; if 
the earth is put on too soon it causes the potatoes to rot, ib. (37) 
n.Yks. Harrow t'taties down wi t'taty-harrows (I.W.). (38, ) 
Cum. 1 ; Cum. 4 Made with potatoes whole or cut into slices, cut-up 
onions and dripping; sometimes there is no meat. Wm. (B.K.) 
n.Lan. She wod ha' warm't me sum taty hash, R. PIKETAH Forness 
Flk. (1870) 14. (A) Lan. 1 What, han we 'tatoe-hash again to-day ? 
Let's have a bit of a change to-morrow ! s.Lan. 1 (39) n.Lin. As 
well as taatie-haums, PEACOCK Tales and Rhymes (1886) 69. 
Wor. (H.K.) (40) Cor.s (41) Cor." (42)S.&Ork. (43) Cor. 2 
(44) n.Yks. 2 (s.v. Hon). (45) Dev. HEWETT Peas. Sp, (1892) (s.v. 
OuzeV (46) Ayr. There was a wheen tattie howkers in a field, 
SERVICE Notandums (1890) 43. Lth. As wrinkled and stany as 
an auld tattie-howker's face, STHATHESK More Bits (ed. 1885) 256. 
(47) nw.Dev. 1 (48) Nhb. (R.O.H.) (49) S. & Ork. 1 (50) Sh.I. I 
sew a tattie rig wi' bere-seed, an' sic a job as dey hed whin da 
scruffin-time came afore dey got da bere a' pooed out an' da rig 
made tattie-laek agen, STEWART Tales (1892) 246. (51) e.Lth. We 
started to thepleuchin an the tattie-liftin, HUNTER /. Inwick (1895) 
'3- (5 2 ) Nhb. 1 (53) Nhb. The tatee-market iv a lift, Ti the Parade 
Ground sent it, OLIVER Sngs. (1824) 16. (54) Sh.I. I gae him his 
lent apo' da tattie muld, an' I link da maist o' da tar is owre his 
ain breeks, Sh. News (Dec. 17, 1898). w.Yks. Thou went away 
I" taty mowd to scrat, TWISLETON Poems (c. 1876) II. 3. (55) 
Sh.I. Diel better tattie-pairer is been i' wir place foar Laeder 
Breeks deed, Sh. News (Oct. 8, 1898). (56) Cor. Their favourite 
dish being a standing pie made chiefly of potatoes, and which they 
call 'Taty pasties,' TREGELLAS Farmer Brown (1857) 42. (57) 
Don. He was workin' in a tattie-patch, Cent. Mag. (Feb. 1900) 602. 
Cor. He'd fenced a small 'taty-patch that winter, ' Q.' Wandering 
Heath (1895) 8. (58) Lth. A forpit-dish, a tatie-peck, A firlot, 
THOMSON Poems (1819) 113. (59) Dmf. I snouk aboot For 'tatty 
peels and banes o' herrin', That fouk fling oot, QUINN Heather 
(1863) 76. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J-W.\ War. (J.R.W.) (60) n.Lin. 1 
(6l| a) w.Yks. 1 n.Lan. WILSON Bacca Queen (1901) 77. s.Lan. 1 
sw.Lin. 1 He had nowt but an old sad 'tatoe pie. (6) n.Cy. Stored 
against the wall of a barn or other building and covered with 
a sloping roof of sods, straw, &c. (B.K.) w.Yks. (J.W.) (62) 
s.Lan. 1 (s.v. Lobs-ceawse). (63) n.Lin. 1 You may teH'em I'm not 
a gooin' to hev' taatie-pie-talk like that wheare I'm, maister ; its 
real howerly, thaay mud be shaam'd o' the'r sens. (64) n.Yks. 2 
(65) Wor. A wooden pin, iron shod, with a cross-piece at the 
top, and a foot- rest on one side, held in the hand and worked 
by the foot, for pin-setting potatoes. The length varies. A short 
one of two feet is worked under-hand : a longer one of 3 ft. 6 in. or 
4ft. is worked from above (H.K. ). se.Wor. 1 (66) Sc. (A.W.) Nhb 1 
Carefully thatched with strawor driedfern, and covered with soil to 
excludefrost. (6 7 )Sc. (A.W.), n.Yks.a (68, a) Lnk. Then came 
three lusty fiends that swate, Bearing a monster tattie pat, Deil's 
Hallowe'en (1856) 44. (i) Cum. 4 Consisting of beef or mutton, cut 
into pieces, and put into a large dish along with potatoes, onions, 
pepper, salt, &c., and then baked in the oven. ' But something did 

come out, and that a most delicious smell of " Begok it's tatie 

pot !" says Ben, ' IV. C. T. H. (1893)5, col. 4. Wm. (B.K.) (69) 
Ayr. A capon her heid that appeared to be washed in the tatie- 
pourin's an' bleached up the lum, GLASS Tales(i&i^} 9- (70) Cum. 1 
Potatoes and groats boiled in a bag among broth ; Cum. 4 Potatoes 
are cut up into small pieces, put into a linen bag and boiled in broth, 

then taken out, mashed up with pepper and salt ; sometimes butter 
and milk are added, but only in quantities sufficient to moisten the 
mass, which must be stiff when ready. Wm. (B. K.) (71) Cor. 12 (72) 
Sc. Though the cornland and the tattie rigs were very fine, she 
couldna help missing the quiet green braes, WHITEHEAD Daft Davit 
(1876) 205, ed. 1894. Sh.I. Ae dey I sew a tattie- rig wi' bereseed, 
STEWART Tales (1892) 246. (73) Som. SWEETMAN Wincanton Gl. 
(1885). (74) Dev. Vor Varmer B de zee ad got A gurt big ' tatey 
rowzer,' HARE Britherjan (1863) 19, ed. 1887. (75) Sc. (A.W.) 
w.Yks. Gi'e us hod o' them tatie-sacks, Nanny, SUTCLIFFE Shame- 
less Wayne (1900) 172. Cor. Maybe you keep the winds put up in 
tatie-sacks in your cellar, an' squeeze 'em out to suit yourself! LEE 
Paul Carah (1898) 38. (76) Cum. 1 ; Cum. 4 Differs from Taty hash in 
that the boiling has been so long continued that there is no liquid, 
but the whole is a stiff mass. Wm. (B.K.) (77) Lnk. I was short 
o' workers for the tatie settin', so says I, ' Can ye set taties, think 
ye?' FRASER Whaups (1895) xiii. (78) Frf. The tattie-shaws 
were beginnin' tae fill the drill, LOWSON Guidfollow (1890) 89. 
Per. The colour of amberor ripe tatie shaw, SPENCE Poems (1898) 
77. Nhb. A pilfered nest, stow'n tatie shaw Oor conscience 
grieves, PROUDLOCK ,d/ (1896) 325; (R.O.H.) (79) War. This 
ground is getting tater sick, ANDERTON Lett, from Cy. House 
(1891) 22 ; War. 3 , Wil. 1 (s.v. Sick). (80) n.Yks. 2 (81) Sh.I. Elt 
[grovel] i' da dirt o' da eart for a meal bannock or a tattie skin, 
STEWART Tales (1892) 17. (82) ne.Sc. ' That's the ticket for 'tatie- 
soup ! ' cries a burly ploughman, as he stands by the well-set 
[turnip] drill that he has chosen. This exclamation expresses the 
highest form of approbation, GORDON Northward Ho (1894) 300. 
Abd. (A.W.) (83) Frf. A too-fa' at the back, to be used as a 
washin'-hoose, coal-cellar, tattie-store, an' sic like, WILLOCK 
Rosetty Ends (1886) 130, ed. 1889. (84) n.Lin. 1 (85) ib. Be off 
wi' ye, you ohd taatie-tops. (86) Lnk. Shut up yer tautie-trap, 
ye drucken auld ool, GORDON Pyolshaw (1885) 143. n.Yks. Ah 
. . . nivver oppen'd me taty-traptivhim,TwEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes 
(1875) 48. e.Yks. 1 Lan. Shut up his tater-trap fur him ! BANKS 
Manch. Man (1876) xxxiii. Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , Hn. 1 , n.Lin. 1 , 
War. 2 , Shr. 2 , Brks. 1 Nrf. I adwised them fellers at tha pub ter 
keep their tater-traps shut, EMERSON Wild Life (1890) 38. Dor. 
Vlee away, blackie cap, Don't ye hurt measter's crap, While I vill 
my tatie-trap, And lie down and teak a nap, N. & Q. (1859) and 
S. vii. 313. Som. (J.S.F.S.) w.Som. 1 Doa-n maek dheezuul- u 
feo-1 taek'-n shuut- dhee tae-udee-traap. Dev. Cureit's tattie- 
trap an* muzzle, Like a bwoy's, be smooth an' bare, SALMON 
Ballads (1899) 74 ; Dev. 3 Shut yer tetty-trap thease minit. (87) 
Dev. Auf tha colt wid urn an draw Hiszul rite in tha tetty traw, 
NATHAN HOGG Poet. Lett. (ed. 1865) 61. (88) War. (J.R.W.), 
War. 3 (89) Ayr. He fell to sorting out the potatoes, throwing 
the bad ones on a heap aside ' tattie-walin ' as they call it in the 
north, DOUGLAS Green Shutters (1901) 233. (90) n.Lin. 1 (91) 
Sh.I. Yon's as grumly as tattie wushins, Sh. News (June 9, 1900). 
(92) w.Som. 1 Called also a ' combing zull,' used for the purpose of 
throwing up a comb or ridge on each side, and so earthing up 
ranks of potatoes, or other crops requiring to be so treated. 

2. Phr. (i) bless my taters, a mild oath ; (2) just the taty, 
just the thing, exact, fit, suitable ; (3) to be not the tatie, not 
to be trusted ; (4) to settle one's taturs, to bring one to 
account; to give one a sound thrashing; (5) to take a share 
of one's tattie, to share one's home ; to marry. 

(i) Dev. Bless my 'taters if he ben't right, too I MORTIMER W. 
Moors (1895) "3- (2) Nhb. For tipple just the taty, WILSON 
Pitman's Pay (1843) 82; Nhb. 1 (3) Nhb. 1 He's not the tatie. 
(4)^Shr. 2 (5) Kcb. At length she consented to gang wi' himhame, 
An' for life to tak', share o' his tattie, ARMSTRONG Ingleside 
(1890) 217. 

3. The head ; used as a term of contempt. 

Lnk. There's no much in the tatie O' ane that writes havers like 
that, PENMAN Echoes (1878) 19. Lth. The boys said, ' He's a saft 
tattie ; ' ' He's a muckle calf words which happily only school- 
boys use and understand, STRATHESK More Bits (ed. 1885) 24. 

Hence Tattie-head, sb. a stupid head. 

Edb. Surely noo it's clean, even to your tattie heid. CAMPBELL 
Deilie Jock (1897) 174. 

4. v. To set, dig, or pick up potatoes. 

s.Not Our folks is all busy tatering just now (J.P.K.). War. 4 
I be goin a taterin ; come an go with me. Wor. (H.K.) Shr'. 1 
Our little Jack's gwun tittorin' alung wuth 'is faither. Hrf. 1 , 
Oxf. 1 Ken. ' Keptatometugoataturin.' Letter of excuse to school- 
master for keeping boy at home from school (W.G.P.). 
TATOO, v. Irel. To scold, abuse, ' bally-rag.' 
IT. I should not only have got my full portion of the tatooing 



(as they termed it), HARRINGTON Sketches (1827-33) I. xxxv. 
Ant. (S.A.B.) 

TATSHIE, adj. Obs. Rxb. QAM.) Dressed in a 
slovenly manner. 

TATSY, 56. e.An. 2 [tae'tsi.] A child's word for 
' father.' Cf. tat, sb. 1 

TATTA, sb. e.Lan. 1 [ta'ta.] A child's word for 
' father.' See Tat, sb. 1 

TATTARAT, sb. s.Chs. 1 An unruly person ; one 
wanting in stability. 

A farm lad who was continually leaving or being dismissed from 
his situations would be called a ' tattarat ' [taat'uraat]. ' YO 
tattarat ' was used to an unruly horse. 

TATTENHALL GIRDER, phr. Chs. 1 Also in form 
Tatna girder. A kind of pear. 

Much cultivated about Frodsham. It is considered about the 
poorest pear that grows, but it is a wonderfully free bearer, good 
looking, and sells well in Warrington and the neighbouring 
markets. It is a good pear for stewing. 

TATTER, si. 1 , v. 1 and adj. 1 Sc. Irel. Nhb. Yks. Lan. 
Lin. Nhp. Ken. Also in forms tatther Ir. ; tetter 
n.Yks. 12 m.Yks. 1 [ta'ta(r, tae'tafr).] 1. sb. In comp. (i) 
Tatter-clout, (2) -rags, (3) -wallets, a poorly dressed, 
ragged person ; a ragamuffin ; a beggar ; (4) -wallopy (a) 
fluttering rags ; also in //. ; (b) pL a tatterdemalion ; an 
indecorous woman ; (c) to hang or flutter in rags. 

(i) Lan. 1 A mon owd enough to be thi faither a poor tatter- 
clout 'at's nought noather in him nor on him a clemmed craiter 
'at doesn't get a gradely belly-full o' meight in a week's time, 
WAUGH Chim. Comer (1874) 153, ed. 1879. s.Lan. 1 (a) ne.Lan. 1 
(3) Nhb. 1 (4, o) Abd. That's naethin' gin yer breeks be auld, An' 
hangin' in a tatter-wallop, WALKER Bards Bon-Accord (1887) 606. 
Lth. Upo' their tails there wad be knots, Or in their place a tatter- 
wallop, THOMSON Poems (1819) 184. N.Cy. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , Nhp. 1 (b) 
N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 Often applied jocosely to one who wears a much- 
torn dress. w.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 () Bnff. 1 

2. v. To tear, rend, tug to pieces. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; In kase he raeive my saul tatterin' it in pieces, 
RIDDELL Ps. (1857) vii. a. Bnff. 1 Dmf. What gars ye tatter At 
a dead sheep amang the water! HAWKINS Poems (1841) V. 34. 
Ir. Tatterin' it he is into nothin' you could give a name to, BAR- 
LOW East unto Wist (1898) 337. w.Ir. I'm tatthered to pieces, 
LOVER Leg. (1848) I. 167. 

3. To curl or tangle into a confused, intertwined condi- 
tion ; to be rough or ragged, as an animal's coat ; gen. in 
pass. n.Yks. 12 , m.Yks! 1 Hence Tatter-foal, sb. a hob- 
goblin which appears under the form of a rough-coated 
horse or foal ; also used of other ghostly animals. 
n.Lin. 1 4. adj. Tattered, ragged. 

n.Yks. That's a tatter jacket (I.W.). Ken." 

Hence Tattery, adj. tattered, ragged, frayed out. 

Rnf. They tried to hide their bases Wi' lattery duds, WEBSTER 
Rhymes (1835) 34. Nhb. 1 She had on an aad tattery goon. Ken. 1 

TATTER, v.", sb* and adj.* Sc. Irel. Cum. e.An. Ken. 
Som. Also in form tatther Ir. [ta'ta(r, tas'ta(r).] 1. v. 
To chatter ; to tattle. 

w.Som. 1 Come now, there's to much tatterin' by half, let's have 
less noise and more work ! Her's a tatterin', neighbourin' sort of 
a thing; better fit her'd look arter her chillern and keep 'em to 
school, and tidy like. 

2. To scold ; to chide ; to be furious or cross. 

Ir. I never see him in sitch a tattherin rage, LOVER Handy Andy 
(1843) xiv. Cuiu. 1 She gev him a rare tatteran. e.An. 1 

Hence (i) Tatter-can, sb. a kicking cow ; a termagant ; 
(2) Tatterer, (3) Tatters, sb. a scold. 

(i) Cam. 14 (a) Nrf. (HALL.), (E.G.P.) (3) Cum. 1 She gev him 
a rare tatteran' for she's a fair tatters hersel ; Cum. 4 

3. To hurry ; to bustle ; to go at a great speed. 

Gall. Running fleet-foot ... as though the devil himself had 
been tattering at his tail, CROCKETT Lochinvar (1897) v. Lns. 
Away they went tattering along the road, CROKER Leg. (1863) 
350. Cum. 4 A tatterin' day's run on Widdup Fells, C. Pacq. 
(June 8, 1893) 5, col. 3. 

4. To stir actively and laboriously. 

e.An. 1 Commonly used in conjunction with ' tow," which, if not 
equivalent, is closely connected in meaning. ' He is a very pains- 
taking man ; always towing and tattering after his business.' 

5. sb. A rage ; a long-continued condition of grumbling; 
discontent. Cum. 4 , e.Ken. (G.G.) Hence Tattery, adj. 
cross, peevish, ill-natured, ill-tempered. Ken. 1 6. A 

Cum. He set off in a tremendes tatter, FAKRALL Betty Wilson 
(1876) 54 ; Cum. 1 In a tatter; Cum. 4 

7. adj. Scolding, cross, peevish, ill-tempered, grum- 
blingly discontented. 

Cum. 4 Ken. 1 The old 'ooman's middlin' tatter to-day, 1 can tell 
ye; Ken. 2 

[1. Tateryn, garrio, blatero (Prompt.).] 

TATTER, v. a Mid. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] To make a fool of any one. (HALL.) 

TATTHERATION, sb. Irel. Used to express annoy- 
ance in phr. tattheration to some one or something. 

' Tattheration to me,' says the big Longford fellow, CARLETON 
Traits Peas. (ed. 18431 1. 309 ; Oh, tattheration to that thief of a 
gardener, KENNEDY Fireside Stories (1870) 47. 

TATTLIN(G, sb. Yks. [ta'tlin.] Apparatus, tools, 
necessary equipment ; small requisites or appliances ; a 
dial, form of ' tackling.' 

n.Yks. 1 ' Ah aimed they wad ha' been wed by now. Ah heared 
they'd getten t'tattling a week syne'; of the marriage-license and 
wedding-ring ; n.Yks. 24 

TATTREL, sb. Obs. Sc. A rag. 

Rxb. The wind gars a' thy tattrels wallop, A. SCOTT Poems 
(18051 105 (JAM.). 

TATTY, adj. Ken. 1 ftae'ti.] Testy, cross. 

TAU, TAUCH, see Thou, Taugh, sb. 1 

TAUDY, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written tawdy ; and in 
forms todie, towdy QAM.). A child. Sc. MACKAY. Abd., 
Ags. (JAM.) Hence Taudy-fee, sb. a fine for having an 
illegitimate child. 

Sc. MACKAY. Abd. Nor kirk nor consterie, Quo' they, can ask 
the taudy-fee, FORBES Dominie (1785) 43. 

TAUGH, sb. 1 Obs. Sc. Also in forms tagh, tah; 
tauch (JAM.). Tallow. 

Sc. This is properly the name given to the article by trades- 
men, before it is melted. After this operation it receives the 
name of tallow (JAM.) ; Taugh was sold by Tron weight, merely 
to make allowance for the garbage or refuse, which was unavoid- 
ably mixed with it in slaughtering the cattle and sheep, EM. 
Even. Couranl (Oct. 5, 1805) (<6.) ; Kaiset up in thair ain taugh, 
RIDDELL Ps. (18571 xvii. 10. 

Hence (i) Taughie, adj. greasy, clammy; of the 
weather : warm and moist or misty ; (2) Taughie-faced, 
ppl. adj. greasy-faced. 

(i) Sc. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (C.) ; (JAM.) Gall. Tahie day, 
MACTAGGART Encycl. (1834). (a) Cld. (JAM.) 

[Dan. tale, tallow (LARSEN).] 

TAUGH, sb. 3 Obs. Cld. (JAM.) The threads of large 
ropes. [Cp. ON. taug, a string, rope (ViGFUsson).] 

TAULEY, see Tawl, sb. 

TAUM, sb. and v. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Der. Also Dor. Also written tawm Sc. (JAM.) N.Cy. 1 
Nhb. 1 n.Yks. 12 w.Yks. Der. 1 ; torm w.Yks.; and in forms 
taam Nhb. 1 Cum. 14 ; tarn N.Cy. 1 Cum. n.Yks. 1 Dor.; 
toam S. & Ork. 1 ; torn Sc. QAM.) ; tombe Sh.I. ; tome 
Sc. QAM.) S. & Ork. 1 N.Cy. 1 Lakel. 2 Cum. 14 Wm. n.Yks. 1 
ne.Lan. 1 ; toom Cum. 14 ; toum Sc. QAM.) ; towm Sc. 
Nhb. 1 Dur. [t^m, tarn ; torn, torn.] 1. sb. A rope ; a 
line ; a partially untwisted cord or string. 

Sc. SIBBALD Gi. (1803) (JAM.). Lakel. A small piece of wood 
called the paillie to which is attached the tome [in a woodcock- 
snare], MACPHERSON Hist. Wild-fowling (1897) 454. Cum. 14 , 
n-Yks. 1 

Hence Taumy, adj. untwisted, stringy. Cum. LINTON 
Lake Cy. (1864) 312 ; Cum. 4 2. A fishing-line, esp. one 
made of horse-hair. 

Sc. (JAM.) Sh.I. Prior to the introduction of iron or steel hooks 
fish were caught by means of a small bit of hard wood or a 
splinter of bone from two to four inches long, attached to the end 
of the tome or skoag, SPENCE Fib-Lore (1899) 138; He tuik da 
skuin, an' sneed da tombe, HIBBERT Desc. Sh. I. (1833) 334, ed. 

A lang twine tarn. Nhb. 1 Dur. When he wez pull'n' horsehairs 






I, , , ..... (i () A. MMIW M* W 

'"!!'! hh'i"'A mill M"ll, linl'lw ""' e , ul ' I'"" 1 - * 

i tunVi w , H" " " " " mlu " J' 1 """ 


* 1 > l 'I 


(> ' l>0 

Ulllnm " 

\ (BH ' *" < *. | ^ , 

, m T tli'w t \>y vlm-ou* >ubno8 Into line ; u> 
.tim i> l> liim IhrttdfcM llv from the lipt, 

ul> Vl Mm t>.\vm(i' >(, To liln Ittwmli* 1 Jown (JAM.). 
.,svii . > I iM iwMlntHhmi >|I*WHO\U ' tt> (ommtuy i 
A. JV T !>( irtlv. 

\\ , Ml v AUK) U>mt> W'*I >( t IH * >l ll ' ( 

[\< ON, Mwv w c)i, I-UM 
TAUM, *> T*\vw, Toww. 
TAHNUKl., TAONKl.. n- 

'VAUNT, v A So, Yk. NVor. Shr. Ilil. e.An. 
\Uw \\\ tuvu\ U *s\Vw, |t^nt; Unt] 

>t- .,,., 

\\ Kv vU\> ,\vw v \\*,v luvrtx rhk4, ,U>h,v I 

\ Hit* 

IA ,:-i ,/, and v. 1 Glo. '.An. Dev. Also written 
tort Glo.'' Dev.; tought e.An. 1 ; and in form tote Glo. 1 
I tot tot.J 1. adj. Of a boat: watertight. e.An.' 
2 Large, fat, inflated, ready to burst. 
Glo. At ftote as a tike or tick, Horae Subuavat (1777) 43 ; GIo.' 
Dev. Ihrae Stibstdvae (1777) 43 6 - 

8 v To set fast ; to tighten a skein, &c. so that it cannot 
be' unravelled easily. .An.i This skein is toughted. 

[2. With bely stif and toght As any labour, CHAUCER 
C T D. 2267.] 

TAUT v * and sb. Sc. Also written tawt (JAM.) ; and 
ln T form Uat Sh.L (JAM.J S. & Ork.' Cai.' [tat] 1 , 
To mat, entangle ; to run into tufts. Cf. tait, sb,\ tat, sb* 

S. ft Ork. 1 , Cai. 1 , Cld. (JAM.) 

Hence Tauted, ppl. adj. matted, esp. of the hair; 

v \\ 


> IV <*iw, 

- \C\IJ 

it's the tautit laddie, STEVENSON Catriona (1893) 
S *c Ork. 1 Ayr. Nae tawted tyke, BURNS Twa Dogs (1786) 
I. ao. Ink. His tautit hair Hung owre his face, COGHILL Poems 
^1890') 41. 

2. To make rugs, &c. with taats. 

Sn I. Persons ol artistic skill whose business it was to taat bed- 
rugs 'with wool dyed in blue lit, skrottie, kurkalit, aald man, or 
ycllowin* girs, SPENCE flk-Lore (1899} 195 ; S. & Ork> 

Hence Tawted rug, sb. a thick bed-coverlid. Gall. 
MACVAGOART Enncl. (1824). 3. sb. A mat ; matting; a 
tuft of hair, wool, &c. Sh.I. GAM.), Cai.' Hence (i) 
Tnwty, aiij. of the hair, &c. : matted, shaggy ; (2) Tawty- 
headed, ppl. adj. shaggy-headed. 

il Sc JAM / .Sc7He botched, an' leuch, An' clawed his 
Uvvtio held, WATSON Bards (1859) '06. Slk. A wee wizzened, 
wif-nd-stry-lookiii cretur-sic a tawty hide, CHR. NORTH 
A\v<W c d. 1856^ II. 78. ia) Df- He is a lon e' thin ' tawtie-headed 
nun, CAKLYLK Lttt. ^1831). , 

4. //. Thick worsted yarn for making rugs. b. & Urk. 

TAUT, see Tawt. 

TAUTHER, f. and sb. Bnff. 1 [ta'Sar.] 
abuse bv dragging hither and thither. See Tauthereeze, 
Twt. " 3. 1<2>. Abuse by dragging hither and thither. 

TAUTHEREEZE, r. Bnff. 1 [ta'oariz.] To abuse by 
JrA^ins hither and thither. See Tauther. 

TAl'ZE, se* Touse. 

TAVAELS, **. pi. Obs. eJ^n. 1 The claws of a cat ; 
thf ulons of a hawk. 

TAYAR. see Taiver. 

TXVE. r. and ,<*. Sc. Nhb, Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
I an. Lin. Gkx Brks. Hnt. Dor. Som- Also written taive 
C.kv ; and in forms tmve Sc. (JAM.) Som. ; temv<e N- 
Nhbv Cum.* \Ym. m-Yks. 1 w.Yks. 
tvv Cum. 1 ; teemve ^Ym. n-Yks.*"; 
ti*v* Lakd.* Dw. 1 : traave Sc. i J**-) . -* 

IAX.I RttS- : tvav IHir. 1 ; tj**<r Nhh?; fnL tycwre Bnff 
ANt [t*v. t*ir. tiv.] L r. To rage; to storm; to 
fty M aE^tily. Oil terree. ' 

- --' 

n I an. 1 ne.Lan.* 

T* toss; 





pot, FORBKS Jrn, (1742') 3, 4. Abd. Tyauvin' wi' a deevil o' a she- 
horse, MACDONALD Lassie (1877) iii. Dor. 1 The chile did tiave zoo 
to goo to his mother. Soni. ' For about a two or a dree hours he 
did tave for breath.' ' It taved to get out ' (of anything confined; 

4. To strive, toil, labour. 

Bnff. 1 Abd. He tyeuve and wrocht hard, late an' ear', ALEXANDER 
Ain Flk. (1882) 16; But gin ye tyauve at it aboon yer strenth 
ye'll be clean forfochten, MACDONALD D. Elginlrod (1863) I. iat. 

5. To tumble anything about; to upset, make a commo- 
tion, esp. in phr. taving and tewing. 

n.Lan.* ne.Lan. 1 To fumble in a meaningless manner. Lin. 
I beant noways fond o' bairns, they're allost a-tewinganda-taving 
about, N. & Q. (1865) 3rd S. vii. 31. se.Lin. She's always 
taving and tewing about (J.T.B.). 

Hence (i) Tavin, sb. in phr. tavin and gules, an upset, 
commotion ; a fluster; (2) Tavus, adj. easily excited and 
flustered ; (3) Teeaving,///. adj. agitating. 

(i) Brks. A country farmer's daughter was objecting to travel 
in a stage-coach about sixty-five years ago, and said, in support 
of her opposition to that mode of conveyance, ' They do drive so 
hugeous fast they puts me in a Tavin and gules,' .A/. &> Q. (1861) 
2nd S. xi. 152. (2) Hut. I was . . . saying that so-and-so was 
much older than he appeared to be : ' Yes, Sir,' replied the woman , 
' but he's very tavus.' Then she told me that when the dog barked 
lie was tavus, and when the children screamed, he was dreadful 
tavus, N. & Q. (1860) 2nd S. x. 227. (3) n.Yks. 2 

6. To hurry along; to gad about. 

Glo. Well, Nan, how you da taive along, YOUNG Rabin Hill 
(1864"! 5. Som. An' where have you bin a-taven about ? RAYMOND 
Men o" Mendip (1898^ ix. 

7. To sprawl with the arms and legs ; to kick or fidget 
with the feet. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790) ; N.Cy. 1 , n.Yks. 1 2 w.Yks. HUTTON Tour 
to Caves (1781). ne.Lan. 1 

8. To walk heavily through dirt, snow, &c. ; to wade ; 
to struggle on. 

Bnff. 1 Nhb. 1 Tired wi' teavin through the snow. Dur.' 
Lakel. 2 We tiaved aboot laiten mushrooms. Cam. 24 Wm. I wur 
sae teerd wie maanderin up an dawn an teaavin ith ling, WHEELER 
Dial. (1790) 40, ed. i8ai. a.Wm. (J.A.B.), n.Yks. 3 w.Yks. 1 
' To tave in the mud,' to be so entangled as scarcely to be able to 
move the feet. 

9. To distress ; to over-tire ; to labour under a disease ; 
to recover of a very severe illness. 

Bnff. 1 He tyeuve on a weenter in consumption an" deet i' the 
spring. n.Yks. 'T wad teeave t'lass te deeath, TWEDDELL Clevel. 
Rhymes (1875') 46. 

10. sb. A difficulty, struggle, pinch ; hard labour ; the 
act of labouring hard. 

Sh.I., Bnff. To do anything with a tyaave. ' I have a great 
tyaave'; applied to means of subsistence, &c. (JAM.) Bnff. 1 

11. A hurry, stir, commotion. ne.Sc. (W.G.) 

TAVE, i>. 2 Sc. Cum. Also in forms taave Sc. (JAM.) 
Cai. 1 ; tyaave Sc. (JAM.); tyauve Bnff. 1 Abd. [tev; tav.j 
1. To knead dough ; to work up plaster or anything 
adhesive. Cai.' Cum. Gl. (1851) ; Cum. 2 2. To make 
anything rough by working it with the hands, &c. Also 
Jig. to meddle. 

Mry. (JAM.) Bnff. 1 The act of masticating much ; spoken in 
disgust or dissatisfaction. Abd. A curn ill-fashionet nowt comin' 
kirnin' an' tyauvin' aboot his peer remains, Abd. Wkly. Free Press 
(Oct. so, 1900). 

TAVER, see Tatver. 

TA VERING, ppl. adj. Som. Printed tabering (HALL.). 
[te-varin.J Restless in illness. e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 
Cf. tave, t/. 1 2. 

TAVERN, sb. Obs. Yks. A cellar. w.Yks. THORESBY 
Lett. (1703). 

TAVERNRY.sA. Obs. Sc. Tavern expenses. 

Sc. (JAM.) Abd. They had compted and reckoned for their 
tavcrnry with their mistresses, SPALDING Hist. Sc. (1793" I. 340. 

TAVORT, see Tovet. 

TAW, sb. 1 and v. 1 Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. Also in forms taa Sc. ; tar Nhb. 1 ; to Cum. 1 ; 
toy Nrf. [to, ipa, ta.] 1. sb. The marble with which 
the player shoots ; a large, choice marble, gen. streaked 
or variegated ; also in comp. Taw-alley. 

ordinary sized marble. Dur. 1 e.Dnr.' A boy in playing marbles 
always has his fancy marble to shoot with : this he calls his ' taw ' 
Cum.'*, w.Yks.", Lan. (F.R.C.), s.Chs. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , Lti 1 , Nhp. 1 , 
War. 23 , se.Wor. 1 , Shr. 1 Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876^. Glo. Taw 
is the marble which boys use for shooting with at the game and 
is therefore the specially prized one (S.S.B.). Oxf. (J.E.), Hnt. 
(T.P.F.) Nrf. We stood one side of the ring and bowled for the 
other with our toys, EMERSON Son of Fens 1 1893) 8. Suf. 1 , ne.Ken. 
(H.M.) Sus., Hmp. HOLLOWAY. Som. SWEETMAN Wincanton Gl. 
(1885). [Amer. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 220.] 

2. A game at marbles played with 'taws' only; the 
game of ' ring-taw.' 

s.Lan. 1 War. 3 A boy 'shoots' his taw as far as he can: the 
object of his opponent, 'shootirig' from the same place with his 
taw, is to hit the first taw or to pass it fora sufficient distance from 
the succeeding shot of the opponent at his taw ; when one hits the 
taw of the other he wins it. ne.Ken. (H.M.) 

3. The mark from which marbles are shot ; the mark or 
line from which runners, leapers, or players in any game 
start ; also in comp. Taw-line. 

Lakel. 2 Stf. NORTHALL Flk. Phr. (1894). Lei. 1 Nhp. 'Shoot 
from taw.' 'You don't stand at taw.' Termed long or short 
taw according to the distance. War. 23 Won, Glo. NORTHALL 
Flk. Phr. (1894). Hnt. (T.P.F.) ne.Ken. Another marble called 
a taw is flirted at them from the taw-line (H.M.). [Amer. One 
may ' knock ' the ' middler ' from ' taw.' The players ' go to taw ' 
to ' shoot,' Dial. Notes (1896) I. 24.] 

4. Comp. Taw-laking, marble-playing. 

w.Yks. Nah scholars, if they could, wod due away wi' tasks, 
an' devote ther schooil ahrs to taw-lakin' an' crackit-lakin', Yksman. 
(1880) 392. 

6. Phr. (i) in taw, between the marble-ring and the 
' taw-line ' ; anywhere on the side of the line away from 
the ring ; (2) to be down on a person's taw, see below ; 

(3) to bring a person to taw, to compel him to do anything ; 

(4) to come tip lo taw, ' to come up to the scratch ' ; (5) to 
take of taw, to leap or start from the line. 

(i) Lei. 1 , War. 3 , ne.Ken. (H.M.) (3) Ir. When you watched 
another boy's taw, following it with your own, seeking for a good 
opportunity to get a shot at it, you were said to be ' down on his 
taw.' Hence in general when you have an edge on some one, 
when you are watching him, on the look out for some opportunity 
to pounce on him to punish him you are said ' to be down on his 
taw' (P.W.J.). Lim. (J.F.) (3) Nhp. 1 If you don't do so and so 
I'll bring you to taw. Hnt. (T.P.F.) (4) Lei. 1 , War. 3 (5) Stf., 
War., Wor., Glo. NORTHALL Flk. Phr. (1894). 

6. v. To shoot with a ' taw ' ; to eject a marble from the 
middle joint of the thumb ; to shoot at with a marble ; 
also usedfig. to pay. 

w.Yks. Tha mud just as weel ha' taw'd thi brass dahn t'causa, 
BINNS Orig. (1889) i. 3 ; Get out o' t'gate and let me taw thee 
(S.P.U.); w.Yks. 3 First they taw up to a hole. . . When ... the 
one who is on for his pizings manages to taw into the hole, the 
game is concluded (s.v. Hundreds). 

Hence Tawer, sb. the player who shoots the ' taw.' 
w.Yks. If one player knocks out a marble, he is entitled to 'taw' 
at the rest in the ring until he misses; and if a sure ' tawer' not 
one of the others may have the chance to 'taw,' GOMME Games 
(1898) II. 113. 

7. To place the foot on the right side of the ' taw ' or 
mark in a game. Also with up, and in phr. to taw the line. 

Lakel. 2 Wm. It is one of the first lessons of childhood to ' taw 
fair' (B.K.). 

TAW, s. 2 Chs. [t.] 1. A mischievous person. 
s.Chs. 1 He's a regilar taw up to aw sorts o' tricks an' weinats. 
2. A strange man. Chs. 1 
TAW.s*. 8 Sh.I. A streak of light. 

It was just aboot da first taws o' daylicht, STEWART Tales (1893) 
32 ; Geng du da morn's mornin' wi' da first taws o' daylicht, it. 85. 

TAW, v? and sb* Sc. n.Cy. s.Cy. 1. v. Obs. To beat 
or dress hemp. s.Cy. RAY (1691) (s.v. Tew). Cf. tew, v.'2. 

2. To knead ; to work as mortar. Cf. tave, v. 3 , tew, v. 1 3. 
Ags. Be sure you taw the leaven weel QAM.). 

3. To tumble about ; to spoil by over-handling ; to pull, 
lay hold of. Sc., Bwk. (ib.) Cf. tew, v. 1 4. 4. To whip. 
Cf. taws(e. 




Per. I would have her tawed through the town at the cart's tail, 
CLELAND Inchbracken (1883) 126, ed. 1887. 

5. sb. The point of a whip; a whip. Cf. taws(e. 

Sc. (JAM.) Lnk. The nippy taw Comes whiskin' whiles athort 
us a', WATSON Poems (1853) 28. n.Cy. GROSE (1790). 

6. Difficulty, a great to-do. Abd. (JAM.) Cf. tew, v. 1 13. 
[2. I tawe a thyng that is styffe to make it softe, Je 

souple, PALSGR. (1530).] 

TAW, v? Yks. Stf. Lei. War. [t, toa.] To twist ; 
to get crooked or out of shape ; to crease, wrinkle ; to 
entwist, as the end of a rope. 

w.Yks. 1 , Stf. (Miss E.) Lei. 1 Applied more especially to woven 
fabrics when the threads do not lie straight. ' This collar taws so, 
I can't hardly cut it straight.' War.3 

TAW, v.* Rxb. (]AM.) To suck greedily and with 
continuance, as a hungry child at the breast. 

TAW, v? Som. To tie, fasten. (HALL.) 

TAW, int. Pem. [t.] Silence ! hark ! 

s.Pem. Taw! taw! taw! that's bosh (W.M.M.). 

TAW, see Thou, Tow, v. 1 

TAW-BESS, sb. Obs. n.Cy. A slatternly woman. 
GROSE (1790) MS. add. (P.) 

TAWDERED, ppl. adj. Lin. Also in form tawderied. 
With up : dressed in vulgar finery. (HALL.), Lin. 1 , n.Lin. 1 
Cf. tawdherly, toldered. 

TAWDHERLY, adj. e.Yks. 1 [t^foli.] Dressed in 
bad taste. See Tantawdherly. 

TAWDRY, sb. and adj. Shr. Hrt. e.An. Also in form 
tardry e.An. 1 [t^-dri, ta'dri.l 1. sb. Cheap finery ; 
cheap, sham jewellery. Shr., Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). 
e.An. 1 2. adj. Immodest ; loose in conduct. e.An. 1 

TAWDY, TAWEAL, see Taudy, Towdy, Tarveal. 

TAWEN, v. and sb. Obs. or obsol. Sc. Also written 
tawan QAM.). 1. v . To pull, lay hold of; to tumble 
about ; to spoil by overhandling. Cf. taw, v. 2 3. 

Sc. (JAM., s.v. Taw). Bnff. FRANCISQUE-MICHEL ig-. (1882) 
304. Abd. I watna fa we'll get to red it : . . They've tawen't sae 
till now they've made it An' unco sight, COCK Strains (1810) II. 89. 
2. I o knead. Bnff. FRANCISQUE-MICHEL Lang. (1882) 
304. Cf. tave, v?, taw, v? 2. 3. sb. A difficulty ; a 
great to-do. Abd. (J AM ., s.v. Taw). 4. Hesitation, 

Sc. He callit me sometimes Provost, and sometimes my Lovd 
[stc] ; but it was ay with a tawan, Prov. (ib.) Abd. (16.) Ags 
lo do anything with a tawan [to do it reluctant! yl lib} 

TAWER s.' Stf. Lei. Nhp. Also in form tawyer 
c?r\, C 9 ' 3 $J t( ?'.jXr).] A maker of husbandry harness. 
Stf. MOOR Wds. (1823). Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 

l & Don Aftergrass. Gl. (185 

rfl ' Sc " Ta me, tractable. Cf. towen. 

Rnf. Tho bauld whan at hame, He fand, whan afiel', he was 
tawie an _tame, PICKEN Poems (1813) II. 134. Ayr. Hamely.tawie, 
quiet, an cannie, All' unco sonsie, BURNS Farmer's Salutation, 

r.-T^f.'. sb \ Brks - Ken - A 's in form taulev Ken. 1 
1 i-&T ] marble; a 'taw.' Brks. 1 , Ken. (G.B.J.Ken. 1 
, ,v. w.Cy. Som. To stroke or smooth down, 


TAWL, see Toil, v * 

frn^T' 1 .!* ' S \, S ^ y - Sus " Hm P" [*?".] The mark 
from which a marble is shot at the beginning of a game 

SSSf"L f W"S' s - C y- (HALL.), Sus.*, Hmp. 1 ' 
TAWM, v . and sb. Sc. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Lan. Also 
written taiim Sc (JAM. Suppl.) n. Yks.'* w.Yks. 1 ; tawme 
n.Yks.; and in forms tawn Lan.; tome n.Cv w Yks 
Lan. ; toom n.Cy. Curn. 14 Lan. [tm, torn.] 1. v . To 
fall gently asleep ; also used with wet. 

Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) N.Cy. 1 He'll soon tawm over, e Yks I Ah 
was just tawmm ower to sleep, MS. add. (T.H.) 
2. To swoon ; to fall from faintness' or sickness sen 
with over. 

lik C ; n AM ' "&- ?' Cy> GROSE ('790); N.Cy.* n.Yks. Ise 
like to tawme, this day s seay varry warme, MERITON Praise Ale 

(1684)!. 169; n.Yks. 1 ; n.Yks. 2 She tawm'd ower. e.Yks. 1 Sha 
just tawmed ower, an siled doon, MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. 
HUTTON Tour to Caves (1781) ; w.Yks. 1 Then shoe maddles an 
taums ower in a sweb. Lan. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (C.) s.Lan. 1 

Hence Tooming, sb. an aching or dizziness of the eyes. 
n.Cy. (HALL.), Cum. 14 3. Obs. To vomit. Lan. GROSE 
(1790) MS. add. (C.) s.Lan. 1 4. sb. A fit of drowsiness. 
Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) 6. A fit of faintness or sickness. Sc. 
(jAU.Suppl.) s.Lan. BAMFORD MS. Gl. (1846). 6. Heart- 
burn, flushings. n.Cy. (HALL.) 7. An ungovernable fit 
of temper. 

Sc. (JAM.) Ayr. She never annoy'd me wi' sulks or wi' taum, 
Ballads and Sags. (1846) I. 119: Wee taums she tak's, wee taums 
betimes, EDWARDS Mod. Poets, i^fti S. 368. 

TAWM, see Taum. 

TAW-MAKER, sb. Obs. e.An. 1 Work in weaving 
which makes flowers. ARDERON Coll. Dial. (1745-60). 

TAWN, see Tawm. 

TAWNLE, sb. Sc. Also written taunel, taunle, 
tawnel ; and in forms taanle (JAM.) ; tandle, taundel. 
[tp-nal.] A bonfire ; any large fire. Cf. teanlay. 

w.Sc. (JAM.) Cld. The custom of kindling large fires or Taanles, 
at Midsummer, was formerly common in Scotland, . . and to this 
day is continued all along the strath of Clyde, SiBBALoG/. (1802) 
(JAM.). Dmb. The news of his douncum was noe shooner known 
than tawnels were burning in every dyreckshon, CROSS Disrup- 
tion (1844) xxxiv. Rnf. Had I our Dochter's [flirds o' gauze] at a 
candle, They'd mak' a bein an' rousin' tandle, PICKEN Poems 
(1813) I. 123 ; Any large fire made out of doors is so designated. 
It is often an amusement to boys in rural districts to go out into 
the fields and collect the cuttings of hedges, dried grass, &c. into 
a heap for the purpose of making a taunel, N. & Q. (1868) 4th S. 
ii. 547. Ayr. Burning whins on Gilly-flower-bankin', . . bigging 
great taunles on the holms o' the Garnock, SERVICE Dr. Duguid 
(ed. 1887) 28. 

TAWNY, adj. and sb. Sc. Irel. Shr. Wil. Som. Also 
written tawney Sc. QAM.) Wil. 1 ; and in forms ta'aney 
Wil. 1 ; tanny In [t^'ni.] 1. adj. In comb. Tawny- 
hooting-owl, the tawny owl, Syrnium aluco. Shr. SWAIN- 
SON Birds (1885) 129. 2. sb. A dark-complexioned 
person ; a mulatto. Sc. GAM.), N.I. 1 3. The bullfinch, 
Pyrrhula Europaea. Wil. 1 Som. SWAINSON ib. 67. 

TAWNYMICHIE-CLAY, sb. Bnff. 1 A fine kind of 
clay. (s.v. Tarrymichie-clay.) 

TAWPEN, see Topping. N.I. 1 A hen with a tuft on its head. 
Cf. topping. 

TAWPIE, sb. and adj. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Also 
written taupie Sc. QAM.) Nhb. 1 ; and in forms taapie Sc. 
N.I. 1 ; tapie Sc. ; tappy Sc. QAM. Suppl.) Ir. Nhb. 1 ; 
tapyah Ir. ; tawpa Sc. (JAM.) [t-pi, ta'pi.] 1. sb. A 
foolish, giddy, awkward, idle, or slovenly girl. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; She formally rebuked Eppie for an idle taupie, 
SCOTT St. /?omj(i824) ii. Cai. 1 Bch. The tither wis a haave 
colour'd smeerless tapie, FORBES Jrn. (1742) 17. Frf. 'Mother, 
she flouted me ! ' ' The daring tawpie ! ' BARRIE Minister (1891) ix. 
Fif. An awkward girl was reprimanded for a ' muckle tawpie,' 
COLVILLE Vernacular (1899) *7- -Sc. Tak nae notice o' the idle 
taupie that opens the door to ye, WILSON Tales (1836) II. 168. 
Ayr. A taivert tawpie, wi' her hair hingin' doon her back in penny- 
worths, SERVICE Notandums (1890) 73. Wgt. I wadna gie a snip 
o thread for ane o' your smirking sonsiefaced tawpies, Good Wds. 
(1881) 403. N.I.I s .Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). Nhb. 1 She's a 
greet tappy, an' a canny bit throwother ti boot. 
2. A foolish fellow ; a blockhead. 

Or.I. (JAM. Suppl.} Lnk. Ye big tawpie ! sneevlin' awa' there 
like a lassie ! GORDON Pyotshaw (1885) 99. Cum. 1 '' 

Hence Taupiet, ///. adj. foolish. Sc. (JAM.) 3. A 
fidgety person. Cum. 4 4. adj. Foolish, awkward, 
slovenly, ill-conditioned ; tawdry. 

Sc. Taupy wives in Bruntland, CHAMBERS Pop. Rhymes (ed. 
1870) 244. Abd. An unedicat taupie chiel in a kwintra chop, 
ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) xxxv. Ayr. The tawpy taunts of 
her pndefu' customers, GALT Entail (1823) xvi. Feb. Taupie 
Meg is just as bad, A commom limmer. AFFLECK Poet. Wks. 
(1836) 80. Cum. 4 

[Cp. Swed. tap, a simpleton (OMAN).] 

TAWPLOCH, TAWRDS, see Taploch, Tards. 




TAWS(E, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Also 
in forms taas Nhb. 1 ; taz Sc. QAM.) [tijz, taz.] 1. sb. 
A leather strap cut into thongs at one end, used as a 
schoolmaster's instrument of punishment ; also used _/?., 
and in comb. Pair- of- tawse. See Taw, V? 6. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; Never take the taws when a word will do the turn, 
KELLY Prof. (1721) 266. Or.I. Nine-tailed taws, VEDDER Sketches 
(1832) 105. Abd. Their dread of an application of the tawse, 
ALEXANDER Am Flk. (1882) 85. Fif. The tawse which he laid 
down were taken up by Walter Raeburn, MELDRUM Grey Mantle 
(1896) 190. Ayr. Dinna, Lord, . . skelp us oure sair, as at this 
time, with the taws of Thy wrath, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 
21. Gall. The master's taws were a wholesome deterrent, 
CROCKETT Bog-Myrtle (1895) 185. N.Cy. 1 Nhb. All the subjects 
of my taws, RICHARDSON Borderer's Table-bk. (1846) VIII. 102; 
Nhb. 1 , e.Dur. 1 Cum. When twee bits o' scholars, we'd laik roun 
the hay stack, . . But ne'er fan the taws, ANDERSON Ballads (ed. 
1840) 78 ; Cum. 4 

Hence (i) Burnt-nebbit-taws, (2) Burnt-told-tawse, sb. 
' tawse ' having the ends hardened in the fire ; (3) Tawse- 
swasher, sb. one who uses the ' tawse ' ; (4) Tawse-toes, 
sb. pi. the thongs into which one end of the ' tawse ' is cut. 

(i) Edb. I am quite willing to receive any amount of literary 
birch and 'burnt-nebbit-taws' castigation which the critics may 
be pleased to bestow, JOHNSTON Edina (1864) xi. (2) Per. Nae 
burnt-taed tawse o" strong nowt-hide Need they for paumies, 
STEWART Character (1857) 58. (3) e.Lth. This ballad of the ... 
dominie's . . . met with an encore, . . but the ancient tawse- 
swasher pled weariness, MUCKLEBACKIT Rhymes (1885) 142. (4) 
Lnk. From the faint odour of burning leather we knew that he 
was roasting the tawse taes, a sure method of increasing the 
efficacy of his instrument of torture, FRASER Whaups (1895) 18. 

2. A few strips of leather tied to a shaft, used by boys 
in spinning tops. Ant. Ballymena Obs. (1892). 3. A piece 
of tanned leather. n.Cy. (HALL.) 4. v. To whip, scourge, 
belabour. Sc. (JAM.) Abd. SHIRREFS Poems (1790) Gl. 

TAWSTOCK-GRACE.s*. Obs. Dev. Theend. (HALL.) 

TAWT, v. and sb. Sc. Also written taut (JAM.), [tat.] 

1. v. To drag or dash to the ground ; to drag hither and 
thither. See Tauther. 

Unit'. (JAM.) ; Buff. 1 The ween tawtit the kail plants a day or so 
aifter they wir set, an' they niver cam t'onything it signifeet. 

2. sb. A heavy dash ; abuse by dragging or dashing 

Bnff. QAM.) ; Bnff. 1 He ga' the loon a tawt our o' the grun. 

TAWT, see Taut, v. 2 

TAWTIE, sb. Bnff. 1 [ta'ti.] A stupid person. 

TAWTREES, sb. pi. Shr. 1 Also in form toitrees. 
[tp--, toi'triz.] Swingle-trees. 

Two sets tawtrees, Auctioneer's Catalogue (1877). 

TAWWN, TAWYER, TAWZY, see Town, Tawer, 
sb. 1 , Tousy. 

TAX, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. [taks.] 1. sb. In comp. (i) 
Tax-man, a tax-collector ; (2) -master, a task-master. 

(l)Dmf. Drap snug intae yon taxman's chair, Frae whilk he's 
flitted, QUINN Heather (1863) 137. Ir. Duck a taxman or harry a 
bum [bailiff], LOVER Handy Andy (1842) xiv. (2) Abd. Then was 
their tale of brick increast, And tax-masters did more afflict them, 
WALKER Bards Bon- Accord (1887) 88. 
2. v. To find fault with ; to scold. 

Abd. He taxed the faults of the parochinars bitterli, TURREFF 
Gleanings (1859) 76. Fif. He ken'd his choice wad be taxed ; A' 
his friends wad at him spurn, DOUGLAS Poems (1806) 103. 

TAX-WAX, sb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. War. Shr. Also 
in form taxy-waxy w.Yks. 2 Lan. 1 s.Chs. 1 War. 28 Shr. 1 
Any strong tendon in meat ; gristle ; a portion of meat 
composed mainly of skin or cartilage. Cf. pax-wax. 

w.Yks.*, Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , s.Chs. 1 , Der. 2 War. (C.T.O.) ; War.*; 
War. 3 A children's term for any hard gristle in cooked meat. 
Shr. 1 Gie the baby that piece o' taxy waxy, it's better than india- 

TAY, see Take, Tea, The, dem. adj., Thou, Tye, sb. 1 

TA-YEAR, TA-YEERE, see To-year. 

TAYOO, sb. Nrf. [te'u.] [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] A set or company of labourers on a farm, 
&c. Morning Post (Aug. 30, 1897). 

TAYSTRAGGELT, sb. Cum. A loose, idle person. 
LINTON Lake Cy. (1864) 312. 

TAYTHE, see Tath(e. 

TAYTY, 56. Obs. Som. A see-saw. JENNINGS Obs. 
Dial. w.Eng. (1825). See Hayty-tayty, s.v. Hayty. 

TAZ, TAZIE, see Taws(e, Tazzy. 

TAZZ, sb. Lei. Nhp. [taz.] A tangle, esp. used ot 
a rough head of hair; a heap of knots and loose ends. 
Cf. tasfs. 

Lei. 1 What a tazz you have! Do put it tidy! Allofatazz. Nhp. 2 

Hence Tazzy, adj. fuzzy, tangled, knotted. Lei. 1 (s.v. 

TAZZED, ppl. adj. n.Yks. 1 [ta'zd.] Overmatched, 
defeated ; unable to accomplish one's purpose. 

TAZZLE, v. and sb. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. Wil. [ta/zl, 
tae'zl.] 1. v. A dial. form of teazle' ; to entangle. Lin.S 
n.Lin. 1 Hence Tazzled, ppl. adj. tangled, fuzzy, twisted, 
knotted. Not. 1 , Lei. 1 , Nhp. 1 2. sb. A tangle; a state 
of disorder ; esp. used of the hair. 

Wil. 1 Her hair be aal of a tazzle. 

TAZZLE, see Tassel. " 

TAZZY, sb. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Also written tazie 
Sc. (JAM.) ; and in forms tassey, tassy n.Cy. [ta'zi ; 
ta'si.j A mischievous child ; a foolish, romping girl ; a 
silly fellow. 

Rxb. Up Parnassus, wi' a tazie, Ye'll leg, A. SCOTT Poems, 133 
(JAM.). n.Cy. (HALL.), w.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 

TCHAT, see Chat, sb. 1 

TCHEW, int. Irel. [tjiu.] AD exclamation used to 
drive away a dog or to hound him on to another animal. 
S.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). Cf. chew, int. 

TCHEY, int. Irel. [Me.] An exclamation used to call 
or quiet a cow. S.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). Cf. chay. 

TCHUCHET, see Teuchit. 

TE,conj. Chs. Than. See Till, prep 

Chs. 1 ; Chs. 8 ' Greater te that ' ; very common. 

TE, see The, dem. adj., Thee, pers. pron., Thou, Thy. 

TEA, sb. and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and Eng. 
Also in forms taay Brks. 1 : tae Sh.I. ; tay Ir. w.Yks." 
e.Lan. 1 m.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 Shr. 1 Brks. 1 w.Som. 1 Dev. 5 
Cor. ; teah Cum. 1 w.Yks. ; teea n.Yks. 2 w.Yks. [ti, tia ; 
te.] 1. sb. In comb, (i) Tea-and-eating, a ' high tea,' a 
tea-party at which substantial food is provided ; (2) -and- 
rum-bagging, a tea-party; see below; (3) -bagging, the 
afternoon meal or tea; (4) -board, a tea-tray, esp. a wooden 
tra y ! (5) -boy, a man-servant ; (6) -bread, var. kinds of 
fancy bread eaten at tea ; (7) -cake, a slang expression 
for a child's seat or fundament; (8) -cally or -carry, a tea- 
caddy; (9) -chit-chat, cakes, &c. eaten at tea; (10) -dish, a 
tea-cup, esp. an old-fashioned one made without a handle ; 
(n) -do, see (2) ; (12) -doing, (13) -drink, (14) -drinking, 
a tea-party, esp. a public affair; (15) -feast, a school feast, of 
which tea and cakes form a part; (16) -fight, see (14); (17) 
graithing, the tea-things ; (18) -hand, a tea-drinker; (19) 
-kitchen, a tea-urn ; (20) -man, (a) a travelling seller of 
tea, &c. ; (b) a tea-drinker ; (21) -meeting, a meeting with 
prayer in dissenting chapels, with tea and cake, &c. for 
those assembled ; (22) -milk, skim-milk with a small 
admixture of cream ; (23) -party, see below; (24) -royal, 
tea with spirits in it ; (25) -run, see (19) ; (26) -scent, the 
plant Nepnrodrium Oreopteris ; (27) -shine, (28) -skittle, 
see (14); (29) -soda, carbonate of soda, used in pinches to 
make the tea draw; (30) -splash, (31) -stnr or -stir, see 
(14); (32) -tackle or -tackling, (33) -tattling, see (17); (34) 
-tea, tea; (35) -tongs, sugar-tongs; (36) -towel, a tea- 
cloth ; (37) -treat, a school treat ; also used attrib. ; (38) 
twine, thin string or twine with which bags of tea are 
tied ; (39) -water, water for making tea. 

(i) Lth. A ' towsie tea,' or ' tea and eating,' followed the 
[marriage ceremony], STRATHESK Blinkbonny (ed. 1891) 175. (a) 
s.Lan. 1 A popular festivity among women, who club their money 
together to buy tea, rum, muffins, &c., and have a jollification at 
one of the subscriber's houses. (3) e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 (4) Cum. 1 
Usually of mahogany or walnut and formerly accounted a mark 
of gentility; Cum. 4 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 (5) Ir. Mrs. Fogarty's man- 
servant or 'tea-boy,' as he was called, Paddiana (ed. 1848) I. 146. 
(6) Lan. ' Mowffin,' a generic name for tea bread in all its varieties, 




FOTHERGILL Lasses of Leverliouse (,1888) xviii. 1,7) w.Yks. Nah 
then, be quahet. wi' ye, er Ah'll slap yer teea-.cakes for ye (B.K.). 
(8) s.Pem. (W.M.M.) Nrf. His mother took care on't by putting it 
into the tea-carry, SPILLING Daisy Dimple (1885) 52. (gl Edb. 
Leek-rife kail, wi' guid sheep's pate, Waes-zucks ! that ever tea- 
chit-chat Or ghaists o' meat Soud ever fill your halesome plate, 
LEARMONTPos(i79i) 50. (io)Dev. 3 Cor. If you caan't drink 
out of the putcher, taake a taydish, TREGELLAS Talcs (1868') 95. 
(u) m.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 (12) Lnk. Flatter the lairds for tea-doin's 
an' dinners, WATSON Poems (1853) 47. (13) Cor. No popular 
movement ever took root in our town without a 'tea-drink' or 
some such public function, ' Q.' Wandering Heath (1895) 220; 
Going up tay-drink I spect, PENBERTHY Warpand Woof, 163. (14) 
Sc. (A.W.) w.Yks. If sum fowk ud nobbud be decent when they 
went tuv a teah-drinkin', CUDWORTH Dial. Sketches (1884) 20. (15) 
n.Lin. 1 1 was at a tea-feast at East Butterwick o'must fifty years sin. 
(16) Sc. The man's no better than a death's head at a feast, if you 
call Merran's tea-fight a feast, KEITH Lisbetli (1894) xvii. w.Yks. 
The teah-feyt afterwards, everybody said, was the best ' doo ' of 
the sort that had ever been in the village, CUDWORTH Dial. Sketches 
(1884) 19. Lan. Were you ever at a Lancashire tea-fight? 
FoTHERGiLLLsso/ZwAoMSf(i888)xviii. Cor. 3 (17) n.Yks. 12 , 
m.Yks. 1 (18) Ayr. The doctor was no tea-hand, he was fond o' 
a glass o' toddy wi' the guidman, JOHNSTON Congalton (1896) 168. 
1 19) Sc. MITCHELL Scotticisms (1787) 49; (JAM.) w.Yks. 2 (20,0) 
Shr. 1 Some folks thinken they get great bargains off the packmen, 
but I dunna like thar flaunty trash, so I never 'arbour 'em nor 
laymen (s.v. Packman). (A) Gall. (A.W.) (21) Brks. 1 Cor. I 
went to tay-meetin' to Churchtown, an' a purty time et was, 
HARRIS Wheal Veor (1901) 165. (22) e.Yks. 1 123) n.Yks. 1 An 
institution in connection with School-feasts, Chapel, or Mechanics' 
Institute matters, and the like. Sometimes the object is to raise 
a fund, when the tickets of admission are paid for : in this case 
the viands may be provided by a committee, and the profits only 
be available. But freq. and invariably in the case of a school- 
treat the provision is made gratuitously by the farmers and weli- 
to-do people in the district : and a richly-spread board such tea-table 
is; n.Yks. 4 (24) s.Lan. 1 (25) w.Som. 1 My wife told an under- 
gardener to go for a large ' tea-urn.' The man not knowing what 
that was, said, 'What did you plase to want, mum? ' Upon which 
I said at once, 'The tay-run.' Instantly he answered, ' Oh yes, 
sure, mum ! ' (26) w.Cum. i,B. & H.) (27) Dmf. Frequent little 
treats, picnics, and tea-sliines betwixt the families, PATON Castlebraes 
(1898) 249. (28) Sc. (G.W.) (29) w.Yks. (H.L.) (30) w.Yks. 
Leeds Loiners' Olm. (1881) 16. (31) w.Yks. Ruth Racklesum at a 
tea-stur i' Bradford, threw all t'cups and saucers intut street, 
TOM TREDDI.EHOYLE Bairnsla Ann. (1849) 9- (3 2 ) m.Yks. 1 (s.v. 
Tackling). Dev. 1 fs.v. TacMe). (33) n.Yks. 12 , m.Yks. 1 (34) 
Ir. Ask her guests whether they would prefer ( tay-tay, or cofTee- 
tay,' Paddiana (ed. 1848) I. 143. (35) n.Yks. 4 (36) Nhb. The 
guid lady shakes her lap an' rubs an' scrapes at her gown wi' the 
tea-towel it the guid wife o' the house haunds her, JONES Nhb. 
(1871) 116. (37) Cor. Whas our lil tay-trait to a townser? 
PENBERTHY Warp and Woof. 153 ; Go long up tay-trait field, ib. 
168. (38*1 Sh.I. Twa yards o' tae-twine an' a haddock hook 
attached, OLLASON Mareel (1901) 60. (39) Abd. I gaed doon tae 
the stripe for a pan o' tea water, Abd. Wkly. Free Press (June 15, 

2. Phr. (i) a cup of lea, see below ; (2) a dish of tea, a cup 
of tea ; see also Dish, sl>. 3 ; (3) a pitcher of tea, see (2) ; 
(4) the tea is fit or is like, the tea is ready ; (5) //., to have 
his, her, or our teas, see below. 

(i) n.Lin. 1 ' You're a nice cup o' tea, you are ' ; that is, a very 
fine fellow. The phrase is commonly used in irony. A ' sore cup 
o' tea' is something sad, painful, or disgusting. ' It's a sore cup 
o' tea for her to drink, poor lass, and what's happen'd's been 
through no fault o' her's naaither.' (2) Sc. (A.W.) Dev. ' Dish 
o' lay?' the girl asked, FORD Postle Fatm (1899) 76. Cor. Shall 
I fit 'ee a dish o' lay? HAMMOND Parish (18971 338. (3) Don. She 
put on what she called a ' pitcher of tay,' for him, MACMANUS 
Chim. Corners (1899) 88. (4) n.Yks. 2 (5) Sc. (A.W.) e.Dur. 1 
She haves her teas ( = frequent teas) sometimes at the Sewing 
Meeting. No, thank you, we've hadden our teas. 

3. v. To take or drink tea with another. 

Kcb. He had a substantial tea at Adam Beck the weaver's, and 
tea'd again at five with the Widow Milroy, Mum Munctaig (1900) 
29. n.Lin. 1 He cum an' tea'd wi' us when Sam was buried. Shr., 
Hrf. Will you tea with me this evening? BOUND Proii'iic. (1876). 
e.An. 1 We say he is to tea with me. Nrf., Sus., Hmp. HOLLOWAY. 

TEA, TEAALY-PYET, see Tone, num. adj., Tale-pyet. 

TEACH, v. Var. dial, forms and uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. [titj, tetj, teitj.] I. Gram, forms. 1. Present 
Tense : (i) Tache, (2) Taich, (3) Taych, (4) Teich, (5) 
Teighch, (6) Teigkh, (7) Teitch, (8) Teych, (9) Teyche, 
(10) Teytch. 

(i) Ir. Pity ye didn't get Mick to tache ye how lo put 'em an, 
Paddiana (ed. 1848) I. 126. Uls. She'll tache him with a stick, 
HAMILTON Bog (1896) 91. Ker. I'll tache you, BODKIN Shillelagh 
(1902 41. Dev. Now I'll tache 'ee vor viddle. FORD Postle Farm 
(1899) 15. Cor. I'll tache en! LEE Widow Woman (1899) 61. 
12) e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 w.Som. ELWORTHY Gram. (1877) 47. Dev. 
That beant the way tu taich the people duty, SALMON Ballads 

(1899) 49. (3) Lan. Taychin folk, KAY SHUTTLEWORTH Scarsdale 
(1860) II. 33. (4) w.Yks. BANKS Wkfld. Wds. Ci865\ Der. 1 
(5) Lan. Some wanted it teighchin, CLEGG Gatin ih' Warp(i%t)d) 5. 
(6 1 Wxf. 1 (7) Sc. MURRAY Dial. (1873) 208. (8) w.Yks. Teych 
her hoo to play her paart, Spec. Dial. (1800) 19. e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 
(9) e.Dev. Her ed zoon teyche me, PULMAN Sng. Sol. (1860) viii. 
a. (10) Lan. TIM BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. 1806) Reader n. 

2. Preterite : (i) Taiched, (2) Taucht, (3) Teached, (4) 
Teight, (5) Teigkh, (6) Teitch't, (7) Teych't, (8) Toht, (9) 
Tought, (10) Towt. 

(r) w.Som. ELWORTHY Gram. (1877) 47. Dev. I taiched nm 
how to read, SALMON Ballads (1899) 79. (2) Sc. MURRAY Dial. 
(1873) 208. Abd. The tongue his mither taucht him, MACDONALD 
Donal Grant (1883) i. (3") Per. I ... there the people teach'd, 
HALIBURTON Dunbar (1895) 85. se.Lan. He teached some o' th' 
rest o' us a bit, Cornh. Mag. (Dec. 1898) 829. s.Chs. 1 85. 
Brks. Me as bred 'im from a pup an' teached 'im what a knaws, 
HAYDEN Round our Vitt. (1901) 311. Dev. BOWRING Lang. (1866) 
I. 26. (4, 5) Wxf. 1 (6) Sc. MURRAY Dial. (1873) 208. (7) s.Lan. 1 
(8) n.Lin. 1 (9) Dur. 1 , w.Dur. 1 (jol Wm. It towt me this'n, Spec. 
Dial. (1877) pt. i. 45. e.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. 5 (s.v. Moud). Lan. He 
towt mi to read out o' this varry book, BANKS Month. Man. (1876) 
iii. ne.Lan. 1 Der. The curate towt her a new waulse, GILCHRIST 
Peakland (1897' 32. 

3. Pp. : (i) Taeched, (2) Taucht. (3) Teached, (4) Toht, 
(5) Toughten, (6) Tou't, (7) Towght, (8) Towt. 

(i) Sh.I. Could a taech'd baith dee an' me, Sh. News (Jan. 29, 
1898). (21 Abd. The seener ye're taucht the better, ALEXANDER 
Johnny Gibb (1871) viii. (3) w.Sc. The pairish schule, Then 
teached by Johnny Meek, MACDONALD Settlement (1869) 159, ed. 
1877. Own. Get him teached tae read, LYTTLE Robin Gordon, 29. 
n.Lin. 1 I've teach'd school at Butterwick afoore you was born ! 
i Amer. I'd been teached to believe. WESTCOTT David Harum 

(1900) xx.] (4) n.Lin. 1 (5) e.Yks. 1 (6) w.Yks. 1 Lan. This 
mon has tou't it me, BYROM Poems (1814) I. 98. (7' n.Yks. (T.S.) 
(8) n.Yks. T'best towt wad flinch, TWEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 
51. w.Yks. Been towt an" browt up to speyk Yorkshur, Yksman. 
Comic Ann. (1889) 37 ; w.Yks. 1 He wad a towt him ... to com to 
t'moorside agecan, ii. 303. Lan. We're towt, HARLAND Lyrics 
(1866) 308. ne.Lan. 1 

II. Dial. uses. 1. In phr. teach your grandmother to lap 
ashes, see below. 

Dev. A common variant of the well known prov. ' Teach your 
grandmother to suck eggs.' Used in the s. of Dev., and apparently 
as if ashes = hashes, Reports Provinc. (1895) (s.v. Proverbs). 

2. Obs. To preach. 

Elg. He ... causit sum of his brethren to occupy his place in 
teaching upon the Sondaye, CRAMOND Session Rec. (18971 19. 
Abd. Heard sermon in the abbey kirk, taught by Mr. David Lind- 
say, Bishop of Brechin, SPALDING Hist. Sc. (1792) I. 23. e.Ltb. 
I taucht in the fields besyd Chousley, WADDELL Old Kirk Chr. 
(1893) 122. 

3. To guide, direct. 

Suf. 'That will teach it,' i.e. will guide it. 'The rafters will 
have to be taught by the gable,' e.An. Dy. Times (1892). 

4. Obs. To hand or give. Wxf. 1 
TEACHING^. Oxf.Brks. In form tay chin', [te'tjm.] 


Oxf. (G. O.) Brks. 1 1 didn't hev no taychin'when I was a bwoy. 

TEACHY, TEAD, see Tetchy, Ted, v. 1 

TEAD(D, TEAD'N, see Toad, They. 

TEADY, TEAE, see Teaty, Tone, num. adj. 

TEA-FISH, sb. Som. Salt-fish, salt-cod. (W.F.R.) . 

TEAGIE, see Tag, sb. 1 

TEAGLE, sb. and v. 1 n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Lin. e.An. Som. 
Also written teegle ne.Yks. 1 ; and in forms teakle n.Lin. 1 ; 




teeagle n.Yks. 4 e.Yks. 1 [trgl, tia'gl.J 1. sb. Tackle. 
e.An. 12 2. A movable crane or lift for heavy goods. 

N.Cy. 1 , e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 ; w.Yks. 2 Three posts used as a crane 
for lifting stones, &c. Lan. The creaking of a teagle that had seen 
better days, BRIEKLEY /?/ Wind. (1868)40 ; Lan. 1 Som. A block 
of a pulley (W.F.R.). 

3. Coinp. Teakle-poles, a crane. 

n.Lln. 1 A machine for raising heavy weights, formed of three 
poles meeting at the top, witli a pulley at their junction. 

4. v. To raise by means of a crane or 'teagle.' 

n.Yks. 4 ne.Yks. 1 Wa mun start ti teeagle 'em up wi' t'hosses. 
w.Yks. HAMILTON Nugae Lit. (1841) 355. n.Lin. 1 A woman who 
had visited Scarborough said that at the Grand Hotel there, 
'Thaay teakled iv'rything upstairs, eaven the'r dinners.' 

TEAGLE, v? Obs. or obsol. Sc. To hinder, delay, 
detain ; to loiter. 

s.Sc. Teaglin' bus'ness winna yet allow, T. SCOTT Poems (1793) 
365. Ayr. He . . . forgot all things which might teagle him in the 
way. . . Even so should we do forget things past that would 
teagle us, DICKSON Writings (1660) I. 194, ed. 1845 ; (F.J.C.) 

TEAGLE, v. a Yks. [trgl.] To arrange, dress, put 
on one's clothing ; to tie. Also with up. 

w.Yks. After teaglin Natty a pair o' horns on, Pudsey Olm. 
(1876) 25 ; Tommy gat teagled up as weel as he could, an' went 
hooam, ib. (1894) 25. 

TEAGUE, sb. Irel. Yks. [teg.] 1. A contemptuous 
name for an Irishman. 

Ir. The admirable Irish portraits drawn by Miss Edgeworth, so 
different from the ' Teagues ' and ' dear joys,' who so long . . . 
occupied the drama and the novel, SCOTT Waverley (1814) Ixxii. 
2. A Roman Catholic. Uls. (M.B.-S.) 3. A plague of 
a person. m.Yks. 1 

TEAK, sb. 1 Sh.I. Also in form tek. [tik;tek.] An 
otter. JAKOBSEN Dial. (1897) 27; S. & Ork. 1 

TEAK, sb. 2 Som. A whitlow. (HALL.) e.Som. 
W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

TEAKERS, 56. Obs. Nhb. A running of watery 
matter from a sore. (HALL.), Nhb. 1 See Teicher. 

TEA-KETTLE, sb. Nhp. War. Wor. Shr. Hrf. Wil. 
Som. Dev. Also in forms ta- War. 2 ; tay sAVar. 1 Wil. 
Dev. [te'ketl.] In comb. Tea-kettle broth, (i) a mess 
made of bread, butter, salt, &c., with boiling water ; see 
below ; (2) any sloppy mixture of the nature of soup. 

(i) Nhp. i, War. 24 s.War. 1 Broth made of bread, hot water, 
and an onion or two. se.Wor. 1 Bread and hot water, to which is 
added a little butter, herbs, and salt. Wil. SLOW Gl. (1892) ; 
(G.E.D.) w.Som. 1 A very common and popular mess. It is 
made of slices of bread put into a basin, upon which are poured 
boiling water. When the bread is well soaked, the water is 
strained off, some butter, salt, and a soupfon of pepper are added, 
then the basin is filled with boiling skimmed milk, in which is 
usually some chopped organ (q.v.). Dev. I likes a dish of licky- 
brath or taykittle brath ov a vrasty marning, HEWETT Peas. Sf>. 
(1892) 97 ; Ingredients : i slice of bread cut in dice-shaped pieces, 
i spit-ov-butter, i tablespoonful of milk, i pint boiling water, 
pepper and salt to taste. Sometimes chopped leeks are added, 
when it is called Licky-brath, ib. nw.Dev. 1 Tiggitle-brauth. (a) 
Shr., Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). 

TEAKLE, see Teagle, sb. 

TEAL, sb. Obs. Sc. Also in form teil (JAM.). A 
busybody ; a mean fellow. 

Bch. Ony peevish near-gaun teal, Wi' a' his girnel's grist, 
TARRAS Poems (1804' 35 (JAM.). 

TEAL, v. 1 Dev. Cor. Also written teel Cor. 12 ; and 
in form tail Cor. 1 [til, til.] 1. To bury in the earth ; 
to bury. Gen. in pp. Cf. till, v. 1 

Cor. 1 The owld mon was teeled to-day ; Cor. 2 w.Cor. Orig. it 
appears to have meant simply to bury in the earth, and in this 
sense it is commonly employed in w.Cor., where even the nearest 
friends of the deceased speak of teeling a corpse instead of burying 
it, N. iSr- Q. (1854) ist S. x. 440. 

2. To till, dig ; to plant in the ground, esp. to set potatoes. 
Dev. 'Aveeteel'd lha wuzzuls 'et, Bill? HEWETT Peas.Sp. (i8~9a\ 

s.Dev. Fox Kingsbridge (1874). Cor. He ttaled in his bit of 
potatoe ground, LOWRY Wreckers (.1893) 61 ; Cor. 12 ; Cor. 3 I was 
out in the garden, tealin' 'taties. 

3. See below. 

s.Dev., e.Cor. (Miss D.) w.Cor. With us it is usual for a person, 

who has gone through mud or water, to say that ' it teeled him 
up ' so high as he was immersed or covered, N. & Q. (1854) ist 
S. x. 440. 

TEAL, v? Sc. Not. Also written teel- S. & Ork. 1 
Not. 1 [til.] To entice, wheedle ; to inveigle by flattery. 
Gen. with on or up. Ags. (JAM.), Not. 1 Cf. till, v. 2 , toll, 
i/. 2 Hence (i) Tealer, sb. one who entices or wheedles ; 
also with on. Ags. (ib.) ; (2) Teelie, adj. encouraging, 
offering an inducement. S. & Ork. 1 

[ON. tcela, to entice, betray (ViGFUSSON).] 

TEAL, see Tail, Teel, v. 1 

TEAL-DUCK, sb. Sc. Also in form tael-dnik. The 
common teal, Querquediila crecca. SWAINSON Birds 
(1885) 158. 

TEALE PIET, TEALLY-PYET, see Tale pyet. 

TEAM, sb.< and v. n.Cy. Yks. Chs. Lin. Glo. e.An. 
Ken. Sur. Sus. Also written teem N.Cy.' ; and in forms 
chem, tchem Chs. 23 ; pret. tern sw.Lin. 1 [tun, tiam.] 

1. sb. In cotnp. (i) Team-man, one who drives or has 
charge of a team of horses ; see Teamer, sb. 2 ; (2) 
system, a method of subdividing workmen in a shoe- 
factory ; (3) -work, work done with wagon and horses. 

(i) Nrf. Robbud . . . who is first team-man up to Rober'son's 
farm, MANN Diildilch (1902) 226. (2) Glo. In 1894 a Bristol firm 
was charged . . . with having introduced a new system of working 
in Bristol the so-called team system, WEBB Indus!. Democracy 
(1901) 403. (3) sw.Lin. 1 

2. A litter or a number of young animals of any kind, 
esp. pigs. 

Ken. Trans. Phil. Soc. (1858) 174; Ken. 1 ; Ken. 2 A team of 
pigs. Sur. 1 ' A good team of cows ' is the gen. expression for a 
nice lot of cows. Sus. 1 1 have got a nice team of young pigs here. 

3. A brood of young ducks. 

N.Cy. 1 , Dur. (K.), Chs. 2 3 Ken. Trans. Phil. Soc. ( 1858) 1 74 ; Ken. 1 

4. A chain to which oxen are yoked in lieu of a pole. 
n.Cy. HOLLOWAY. n-Yks. 1 e.Yks. MARSHALL Rur. Ecoit. (1788). 

n.Lin. 1 Harness for a draught of horses or oxen. [Teame, cheane, 
temo, LEVINS Manif. (1570).] 

5. An iron chain ; see below. 

w.Yks. An iron chain usually with a ring at one end and hook 
at the other. Used for putting round stones to fasten the crane 
chain to when lifting (H.V.); w.Yks. 1 

0. Phr. a team of links, a string or chain of sausages. 
e.An. 12 7. v . To drive a team. 

Yks. Aw can . . . team, an" arra, LISTER Rustic Wreath (1834} 31. 
w.Yks. He teams for t'Lanky [Lane, and Yks. Ry. Co.] (J.T.F.). 
8. To lead or carry with wagon and horses. 

sw.Lin. 1 They started teaming ihis forenoon. I don't know if 
they've gotten all the loads tern. They tern a load after that. 

TEAM, sb. 2 Obs. Yks. Chs. Also in forms tem, 
theam, theme Chs. 23 1. A royalty granted to the Lord 
of the Manor for the restraining and judging of bondmen 
and villains in his court. Chs. 2S 2. The right of com- 
pelling the person in whose hands stolen property was 
found to name the person from whom he received it. 
n.Yks. ATKINSON Whitby (1894) 280. 

TEAM, see Teem, v. 12 

TEAMER, sb. Yks. Lin. e.An. rtia'ma(r).] 1. sb. 

Obs. A team of five horses. Nrf. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. 
(1787). 2. A carter or wagoner, who has the care of a 
team of horses. Also in comp. Teamer-man. 

w.Yks. He's learner for t'Railway Company (J.T.F.) ; Leeds 
Merc. Suppl. (Dec. 3, 1898). n.Lin. 1 , e.An. 2 e.Nrf. MARSHALL 
Rur. co.(i787). 

TEAMER, v. e.An. To pour out copiously. Also 
used _/?. See Teem, v. 1 

(HALL.); e.An. 1 We use it also of a multitude pouring along 
like a stream. Of a thronged congregation issuing from a church, 
&c., it is said ' how they came teamering out.' 

TEAN, see Teen, s*. 1 , Tone, num. adj. 

TEANAL(E, sb. Cum. Wm. Lan. Also written 
teanel Cum. 24 ne.Lan. 1 ; and in form tennil Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 
[tia'nl.] A large basket, esp. a basket used for ' cockling.' 

Lakel. 12 , Cam. 24 Wm. Last neet he lickd me wie steal, threw 
a teanale wi cockls at me, WHEELER Dial. (1790) 16, ed. 1821. 
Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , s Lan. 1 

[OE. tanel, a basket (B.T.).] 




TEANE, TEANER, TEANG, see Tone, num. adj., 
Toner, Tang, sb. 1 
TEANLAY, sb. Obs. Lan. Also written teanla. 

1. In comb. Teanlay night, the 3131 of October, the Eve 
of All Saints ; see below. Cf. tindle. 

The last evening in October was called the ' Teanlay night,' or 
' The fast of All Souls [sic].' At the close of that day, till of late 
years, the hills which encircle the Fylde shone brightly with many a 
bonfire, . . kindled for the avowed object of succouring their friends 
whose souls were supposed to be detained in purgatory, THORNBER 
Hist. Blackpool (1867) 99 ; GASKELL Lectures Dial. (1854) 15. 

2. The bonfire kindled on the Eve of All Saints. Cf. 
tend, v? 

Giles had tried the exorcism of the teanla, a superstition 
descending from the earliest inhabitants of the island when the 
worship of Bel prevailed, KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH Scarsdale (1860) 
II. 105; A field near Poulton, in which this ceremony of the 
Teanlays was celebrated (a circle of men standing with bundles of 
straw raised high on pitchforks), is named Purgatory, and will hand 
down to posterity the farce of lighting souls to endless happiness 
from the confines of their prison-house, THORNBER ib. 

TEAP, sb. 1 Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Wm. Yks. Also written 
teep Sc. (JAM.) Nhb. 1 ; and in forms teeap Wm. n.Yks. 24 ; 
teaup n.Yks. [tip, tiap.] A ram or tup. Cf. tip, sb. 2 , 
tup, sb. 

Sc. (JAM.) n.Cy. GROSE (1790). Nhb. 1 Wm. Tornd it sel 
intul a girt black leap, WHEELER Dial. (1790) 35; Lile Bobby 
Deeaker aald black feeast teeap, Spec. Dial. (1885) pt. iii. 9. 
n.Yks. What ails yon teaup? MERITON Praise Ale (1684) 1. 153 ; 
(K.); Like teeaps an'yowes! TWEDDEI.L Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 
61 ; n.Yks. 2 The ' ram caught in a thicket by its horns,' as it was 
said by a roadside preacher to a country congregation, ' means an 
aud teeap cowt iv a breer' [a briar] ; n.Yks. 4 w.Yks. Leicester 
leaps, LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882) 32. 

TEAP, sb. 2 Som. A point, peak. (HALL.) e.Som. 
W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

TE A P, v. Wxf. 1 m. Yks. 1 To tip , tilt ; to toss, overturn. 

TEAR, v> and sb. 1 Var. dial, forms and uses in Sc. 
Irel. Eng. and Amer. Also written taer Sh.I. Cor. 12 ; 
tare Sc. QAM.) Ir. Nhp. 1 Hrf. w.Cy. Dor. Som. Dev. 1 ; and 
in forms taa_r Sh.I. ; teear n.Yks. 2 ; teer Nhb. 1 1.W. 1 Cor. ; 
tir Sh.I. [ter, teafr, tis(r.] I. v. Gram, forms. 

1. Preterite: (i) Tar, (2) Tare, (3) Teared, (4) Tord, (5) 
Tored, (6) Tuer, (7) Tuir, (8) Tuore, (9) Ture. [For further 
examples see II below.] 

(i) w.Yks. 1 He tar his breeks to falters, (a) w.Yks. (J.W ) 
(3) w.Yks. (J.W.), Stf. (F.R.C.), Shr. 1 Introd. 55. (4) w.Som.i 
Thick there bwoy hained a stone and tord the winder. Cor. He 
. . . tord un up in bits, DANIEL Mary Annes Troubles, 9. (5) Glo. 
Her run'd and tored her 'air, BUCKMAN Darke' s Sojourn (1890) viii. 
Dev. Tim . . . tored off his leather apern, PHILLPOTTS Striking 
Hours (1901) iaa. (6) Sh.I. Sh. News ( June 19, 1897). (7) Sc. 
MURRAY Dial. (1873) 208. Sh.I. Dey loupit up an' tuir an' 
peegh'd, BURGESS Sketches (2nd ed.) 127. (8) Sc. MURRAY ib. 
(9) Sh.I. Samson tOre a lion within da merest bruck ae time, 
STEWART Tales (1892) 259. Frf. I rugg'd, I rave, I stealt, I ture, 
Frae high and low, frae rich and puir, SANDS Poems (1833) 26. 

2. Pp. : (i) Tard, (2) Teared, (3) Tore, (4) Tored. 

(i) Shr. 1 I've tard my throck. (a) Shr. 1 Introd. 55. (3) Feb. 
Stinking, soil'd, and tore, He got away, Lintoun Green (1685) 33, 
ed. 1817. Gall. The stratas stiff by you are tore, MACTAGGART 
Encycl. (1824) 247, ed. 1876. Ir. They might have tore it to 
pieces, BARLOW Martin's Comp. (1896) 191. I.w. 1 Dor. Her 
frock an pinny ... all tore to rags, HARE Dinah Kellow (1901) 30. 
Dev. There's a great piece tore out o' the tail, BARING-GOULD 
Idylls (1896) 191. [Amer. He's tore three aprons and two dresses 
offen me this week, Cent. Mag. (Mar. 1901) 676.] (4) w.Som. 
Dhae-ur nuw ! dhee-s u-taord dhu puch'ur [There, now! thou 
hast broken (torn) the pitcher], ELWORTHY Gram. (1877) 32. 
Dev. [Of fowls destroyed by foxes] They wad'n all a car'd away, 
but they was all a killed and a tor'd abroad, Reports Provinc. (1882) 
23. Cor. Just a rag tored off a petticoat, PHILLPOTTS Prophets 
(1897) 60. 

II. Dial. uses. 1. v. In phr. (i) to tear along, to suc- 
ceed or get on; see below; (2) in, to reclaim and 
cultivate land ; (3) over, to stir or poke vigorously ; (4) 
soul and body sindry, fig. to work and strain to the 
utmost ; (5) the moor, to get very drunk ; (6) to mam- 
mocks, to tear in pieces. 

(i) w.Cy. ' How do hare tare along?' how does she go on, or 
succeed in the world? GROSE (1790) Suppl. n.Dev. Go zee old 
ont Nell : And how do hare tare along? Exm. Crtshp. (1746) 1. 
541. (2) Sc. The waters shall wax, the wood shall wene. Hill 
and moss shall be torn in, CHAMBERS Pop. Rhymes (1890) 217. 
(3) Sh.I. Shii took da tengs aff o' da hertstane an' tore ower da 
fire, Sk. News (Apr. 13, 1901). (4) Sh.I. I wiss sae hed been da 
wye whin we tfler saul an' body sindry wi' da aires [oars], Sh. 
News (June 19, 1897). (5) Brks. About Hungerford. 'They tore 
the moor bitterly,' RAY MS. add. (U.) ; (HALL.) (6) Hrf. DUN- 
CUMB Hist. Hrf. (1804-13). 

2. Comb, (i) Tear-away, (a) one who is smart or striking 
in any way; (b) one who works or plays with great 
energy and violence when gentler methods would be 
more efficacious ; (2) -back, a romping child ; a romping, 
hoydenish person ; (3) -brass, rowdy, boisterous ; (4) 
em-rough, see (i) ; (5) -in-two, violent, savage ; (6) -rag, 
a rude, boisterous child ; a romp, one always getting into 
mischief and tearing his clothes; (7) -lathers, torn shreds. 

(i, a) Ir. Now that lassie's a tear-away, BULLOCK Pastorals 
(1901) 100. (6) Lakel. 2 (2) n.Yks. 12 (3) Dor. Ah I when I be 
gone he won't find another old man to ... provide goods for his 
breaking, and house-room and drink for his tear-brass set, HARDY 
Tiumfet-Major (1880) ix. (4) Wm. He's a tear-em-rough an's gaan 
ta be owder ower er through (B.K.). (5) Ayr. They stampit an' 
flet, at a tear-in-twa rate, An' bann'd whan they couldna win in, 
AINSLIE Land of Burns (ed. 1892) 244. (6) Ken. 1 (7) Rxb. Tarn 
got naething for his fechtin' but his coat into tare lathers (JAM.). 

3. To break. Also with abroad and up. 

Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). Hmp. Wheeler's Mag. (1828) 481. 
Wil. 1 In n.Wil. old folk used formerly to tear their crockery, and 
break their clothes, but ' tear ' now seems ois. in this sense there. 
At Deverill this is still used of breaking crockery, &c. s.Wil. Monthly 
Mag. (1814) II. 114. Dor. (W.C.), Som. (W.F.R.) w.Som. 1 
Mind you don't tear the pitcher. Who've a-bin an' a-tord the 
winder ? He wadn a-tord 'smornin'. Dev. Joan's pitcher is tore, 
and cannot be mended again, Horae Subsecivae (1777) 427 ; Dev. 1 
I ... ruged away the tea-tackle, or a woud a het all off the board 
and tore it all in shords, 4. n.Dev. That cloam buzza . . . was 
tored abroad to-day, ROCK Jim an' Nell (1867) st. 119. nw.Dev. 1 

4. To pull down ; to demolish. Gen. with down. 

Dev. 1 Slam'd the door arter en as thof a wid a tore down the 
darns, 5. s.Dev. An old house is always 'torn down,' not ' pulled 
down ' ; so is a fence that has to be removed (G.E.D.). 

5. To romp, behave boisterously ; to handle roughly in 
sport ; to tease. Also with about. 

Sh.I. Ifdoo wid gie him less aff-taks, he widna taer dee sae 
muckle, Sh. News (Aug. 18, 1900). w.Yks. (J.W.) n.Lin. 1 Gi'e 
oher tearin' aboot e' that how, bairn ; its enif to sicken a doe to 
hear the. 

Hence Tearation, sb. romping ; noisy, boisterous play. 
n.Lin. 1 6. To move fast ; to hurry along ; to make rapid 
progress. Gen. with along. In gen. colloq. use. 

Sc. (A. W. 1 ) Ir. Tearin' along like that's the very way to make them 
run at him, BARLOW East unto Wisf (1893) 199. N.I. 1 , Nhb. 1 Cum. 
It's no use tearan like a crazy thing, CAINE Shad. Crime (1885) 187; 
Cum. 1 , w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. They went tearing across th' yort, 
STATON Loominary (c. 1861) 18. n.Lin. 1 When I met him he was 
tearin' along, raate o' five or six mile an hooer. Lei. 1 , Nhp. 1 
War. 2 ; War. 3 I tore madly to the station. se.Wor. 1 Hrf. 
BOUND Provinc. (18761. Ess. 1 Hmp. 'I slm'd as if I could just 
teer along.' Of the buds coming out on the trees in spring-time, 
' If it keeps like this the trees will very soon teer out ' (W.H.E.). 
I.W. 1 Where bee'st thee teerun to? w.Som. 1 Sober! "tidn no 
good to tear along like that is. Dev. Zo vrim the kitchen then es 
tares, N. HOGG Poet. Lett. (1858) ist S. 48. Cor. (M.A.C.), Cor." 

7. To bustle about ; to make a great stir or commotion. 
Sc. (A.W.) w.Cy. GROSE (1790) Suppl. Dev. Herat Subsecivae 

(1777*1 428. Cor. 2 

8. To work hard and strenuously ; to do anything with 
great speed and energy. 

C- O _/Y 1 T -__ v 

Sc. Hoc aften hae I wairned ye no' to tear yersel" dune as ye've 
been daein' a' yer days, SWAN Gates of Eden (ed. 1895) xiv. " " 
I tore at fil I got da kirn brokkin', an' dan I left hir ta mam, Sh. 


News (June 22, 1901) ; I kent shQ wis tirrin', fir her face wis 
red, ib. (Oct. 26, 1901). Abd. (JAM.) Wgt. They . . . found the 
father busy threshing the barley with the big flail, and tearing on 
fearful, SAXON Gall. Gossip (1878) 33. Ir. It was well known that 
he could not tare off mass in half the time that Father Con could, 
CARLETON Traits Peas. (ed. 1843) I. 156. Ant. Fishin' an' fightin' 




an' tearin' away, O'NEILL Glens (1900) 31. Nhb. 1 He's tcarin 
through wi'd. Hrf. He went taring at it, BOUND Provinc. (1876). 
s.Oxf. I on't 'ave your mother tearin' and workin"erself to pieces 
when I'm gone to make a livin', ROSEMARY Chilterns (1895) 64. 
Dev. Wan gude lady come i' tha marnin' . . . When I was tearin' 
wi' work, an' wanted til zit an' pray, SALMON Ballads (1899) 71. 
0. To eat voraciously. 
Nhb. 1 He'll tear through his bait. Tearin an' eatin. 

10. To knock or ring violently at a door. N.I. 1 

11. To rage ; to get in a passion or rage. 

Dint). He came to me in my laboratory afterwards and raged 
and tore about, STRANG Lass of Lennox (1899) 34. Cum. T'girt 
fella starlit noo teh rip, an tear, an curse an swear, SARGISSON /o 
Scoap (1881) 20 ; Cum. 14 w.Yks. Shoo coom abaht An flang, an 
tare an rave, PRESTON Poems (1864) 8. Midi. She stamped and 
foamed, and swore and tore, BARTRAM People of Clapton (1897) 
132. n.Dev. Tha wut lustree . . . and tear and make wise, Exm. 
Scold. (1746) 1. 292. Cor. Cussing and sweering, . . and larving 
and leering, TRENIIAILE Dolly Pentnath, 43 ; Cor. 2 

12. sb. pi. Rents, cracks. 

Sh.I. I link hit's grey paper, in place of ledder. See foo hits a' 
in taars, Sh. News (Sept. 15, 1900). 

13. A great hurry; a frantic rush. Also in phr. at 
full tear. 

Sh.I. Aald Hackie cam' up in a tear dis mornin', NICOLSON 
Aithstin' Hedder (1898) 26. N.I. 1 ' There's a tear in yer e'e like a 
threv'lin' rat,' saying. w.Yks. (J.W.), Dev. 3 

14. A passion, rage, temper. 

Wil. 1 He wur in just about a lean Dor. I dunno why us be all 
in zich a tare, HARE Vill. Street (1895) 203. Som. Me do get in a 
fine tare, I tell e'e, RAYMOND Gent. Upcott (1893") vi. w.Som. 1 
Maister's in a purty tear, sure 'nough, 'cause the bulliks brokt out 
into the trefoy [trefoil]. Dev. He raged off in a proper tear to 
find 'e, PHILLPOTTS Striking Hours (1900) 284. nw.Dev. 1 Cor. 1 
She got into a pretly laer ; Cor. 2 Vaalher's in a putty taer. 
[Amer. He's on one of his tears, CARRUTH Kansas Univ. Quar. 
(1892) I.] 

TEAR, sb." and v* Sc. Irel. Dev. ftisfr.] 1. 56. In 
phr. the fears were running down his cheeks like beetles up 
a hill, said in ridicule of a child who is crying for nothing. 
N.I. 1 2. Comp. Tear-blob, obs., a tear-drop. 

Dmf. She wiped the tear-blobs frae her ee, CROMEK Remains 
(1810) 244. 

3. v. To shed tears ; to weep. 

Abd. I fell in wi' Geordy Brown, And he, poor saul, was tearin'. 
I ferlyt fat cud ail the gowk, COCK Strains (1810) I. 103. Hdg. 
Mak ane mock of repentance by putting sneishen in his eyes to 
mak them tear, RITCHIE St. Baldred ( 18831 88. 

Hence Teared, ppl. adj. in comb. Fluent-teared, easily 
moved to tears. 

Dev. 'A fluent-teared child-bearing woman,' she called her, 
ZACK On Trial (1899) 44. 

TEAR, sb* Irel. [ter.] In phr. tears and ages or 
ayjers, an exclamation or mild oath. 

Ir. Tear and ages, but you're going right for the clock, LEVER 
C. O'Malley (1841) viii. Lns. Tear and ayjers ! what ill luck I 
had, CHOKER Leg. (1862) 244. 
TEAR, see Teer. 

TEARANSY, sb. Sh.I. Also written taerincy; 
tairensie S. & Ork. 1 [te'ransi.] Rage, passion; violence; 
outrageous haste. Cf. tear, v. 1 14. 

He can't touch a scaar of dram wilhout Kirstie gettin' into a 
taerincy, BURGESS Lowra Biglan (1896) 54 ; S. & Ork.* MS. add. 
TEARD, see Turd. 

TEARER, sb. Sc. [ti'rar.] A virago, shrew. 
Rnf. I shudder to come near her, For faith she is a tearer, She 
frights the very swine, M C GILVRAY Poems fed. 1862) 56. Kcb. 
That minisler had a wife o' his ain al hame, if A'm no mistell't ; 
an' they said she wus a learer, TROTTER Gall. Gossip (1901) 68. 

TEARING, ppl. adj. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. 
and Amer. Also written tairin' Cai. ; and in forms 
taering Cor. 2 : tarinfg Ir. nw.Der. 1 w.Cy. Dev.' ; tar'n 
Ir. ; teeran Wm. & Cum. 1 ; teerin(g Nhb. 1 Cor. [te;rin ; 
ti'rin.] 1. Very great, excessive; used as an intensitive; 
also used advb. 

Cat. Yer shins maun be black and blue wi' him. He's a tairin 

dancer, M'L,ENNAN Peas. Life (1871) I. 183. Dmf. What chance 

is there of lighting on man, or beast, or biggin in sic a tearing drow 

AS this? HAMILTON Man-kin (1898) aoo. Ir. If you get Val Blake, 


litlle woman, you'll do larin well, M'NuLTY MistherO'Ryan(i&)4) 
iii. nw.Der. 1 , Brks. 1 , w.Cy. (HALL.) Dev. I tellee whot 'tez, 'er 
wuz that tearing mad wi' me, that I widden go a stap varder wi' 
'er, HEWETT Peas. Sp. (1892) ; Dev. 1 How taring fine they were ! 
8. Cor. Doan't 'e be in a tearin' hurry, PHILLPOTTS Prophets 
(1897") 185. [Amer. The bay side is a tcarin, rippin fine country, 
SAM SLICK Clockmaker (1836) 2nd S. xix.] 

2. Boisterous, blustering ; noisy ; bustling. 

Sc. Nane o' yer rantin', tantin', tearin' winds, but an oughin', 
soughin', winnin" wind, FORD Thistledown (1891)48. nw.Der. 1 
n Lin. 1 What a tearin' bairn thoo art. Ther' was a straange tearin' 
wlndcaameon all of a sudden yislerdaay. w.Cy. (HALL.) w.Som. 1 
A gurt tearin', holler-mouth the parish idn big enough vor he. 
Cor. Tes sitch a teerin* town, DANIEL Muse, 44. 

3. Active, energetic ; strong, strenuous. See Tear, v.* 8. 
Abd. He ... was a tearin' worker, Abd. Wkly. Free Press (Nov. 8, 

1902). Rxb. A tearin' worker ; a tearin' throwgaln fallow (JAM.). 
Lnk. I'm past howkin' coal mysel", bit oor Pate's a tearin' 
worker, GORDON Pyotshaw (1885) 210. Wm. ft Com. 1 Geordy 
Waugh, a leeran haund At berry 'an bigg, 195. 

4. Passionate, headstrong ; violent. See Tear, v> 11. 
Lnk. Tearin', swcarin' Johnnie Law, NICHOLSON Kitwuddit 

(1895) 44. Ir. In a tar'n rage, BODKIN Shillelagh (1902) 126. 
Don. Bouncin' intil the middle of the skillets, he lets a tearin'-ouns 
out of him, MACMANUS Bend of Road (1898) 66. Nhb. 1 A teerin 
fella, a headstrong, swearing, tearing man. Com. When young 
tearin' chaps were we, ANDERSON Ballads (ed. 1808) no. e.Dev. 
For all that he seemed in a tearing way, JANE Lordship (1897) 238. 
Cor. 2 He was in a taering passion. 

5. Wonderful, well. Also used advb. 

nw.Dev. 1 'Ow be 'ee, Jan ? Aw, nort tearin', thenk 'ee all the 
zame. I rack'n he idn a-doin nort tearin', is a, think ? 

TEARING, sec Tiering. 

TEARN, v. Obs. Yks. To compare, liken. (HALL.), 
w.Yks. 1 

TEARN, TEART, see They, Tart, adj. 

TEART, adj. Dev. A dial, form of ' tight,' firm. 

n.Dev. So, Giles, go geese ould Brock up teart, ROCK/I'WJ an' 
Nell (1867) st. 46. 

TEARY, adj. 1 Sc. Dor. Amer. [tia'ri.] Tearful. 
Also in cotnp. Teary-eyed. 

Lnk. My e'e grew, dim an' tearie, MILLER Willie IVinkie (ed. 
1902) 55. Dor. It meade me a'most teary-ey'd, BARNES Poems 
(1869-70"! 3rd S. 51 ; Dor. 1 Thy hangen head an' teary eyes, 120. 
[Amer. Kind o' smily round the lips, An' teary round the lashes, 
LOWELL Biglow Papers (1848) 10.] 

[Whan she him saw, she gan for sorwe anoon Hir 
tery face a-twixe hir armes hyde, CHAUCER T. Sr* Cr. 
iv. 821.] 

TEARY, adj. 2 Shr. Hmp. Dor. Som. Also written 
teery Shr. 1 Dor. 1 Som. [tia'ri.] 1. Weak, frail, delicate ; 

s.Hmp. You're but a teary thing to come o' such a rough 'un as 
he, VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) x. Dor. 1 Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. 
tu.Eng. (1825). 
2. Tall, tapering ; slender. 

Shr. 1 Said of persons and plants ' a teery girl,' &c. 

TEASE, v. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Lan. Also Som. Also 
written teaze Sc. ; and in forms taese Sh.I. ; taise Sc. 
(JAM. Suppl.) ; teease e.Yks. 1 ; teeaze n.Yks. 2 [tiz, tiaz, 
tez.] 1. To disentangle ; to pick to pieces, esp. to pick 
old rope into fibres for oakum. Also used fg. in phr. to 
have other tow to tease. 

Sh.I. He held da hesp in afore Sibbie fil shQ taes'd oot twartrec 
raevl'd treeds, Sh. News (Nov. 25, 1899). Gall. To light her pipe 
she thought nae sin in Teazin' her tow, NICHOLSON Poet. Wks. 
(1814) 128, ed. 1897. Nhb. To pick or tease oakum, RICHARDSON 
Borderers Table-bk. (1846) V. 240. n.Yka. 2 ' I have other tow to 
teeaze,' other pursuits to follow. e.Yks. 1 
2. To open or prepare matted locks of wool preparatory 
to ' scribbling' or ' carding." 

Wgt. In the lang winter forenichts we teazed 'oo, SAXON Gall. 
Gossip (1878) 6. w.Yks. BAINES Yks. Past (1858) 632; Now 
done by revolving cylinders with hooked teeth, it was in old times 
done by the fingers (W.T.) ; (E.G.) ne.Lan.' 
8. To handle roughly; to tear; to toss about; also 

Sc. (JAM. Suppl.} Sh.I. See doo, shQ's inunder da restin shair, 
taesin hit [worsted sock] in brack, Sfi. Nttifs (Sept. 22, 1900). 




Cai. 1 Ayr. His name was teased about in kintra clatter, AINSLIE 
Land of Burns (ed. 1892) 159. 
4. To harass ; to drive. 

Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) w.Som. 1 The only way to get rid o they 
rabbits is to keep on tazin' o'm. 

[4. Bi )>ay were tened at be hyje, & taysed to be wattrej, 
Gawayne (c. 1360) 1169.] 

TEASER, sb. Nhb. Yks. Nhp. w.Cy. Som. Dev. Slang. 
Also written teazer Dev. ; and in forms teazer w.Cy.; 
teeazer n.Yks. 2 [trza(r, tia'za(r).] 1. A tease ; a per- 
son who teases. 

w.Cy. My Joan allus be a teazer, zur, and when I s wanted to 
kiss zhe.zhe zes, ' Noa, it ain't proper, 1 Cornh. Mag. (Apr. 1895) 395. 
2. A young ram allowed to run with the ewes but arti- 
ficially prevented from copulation. w.Som. 1 3. A difficult 
problem ; a puzzle ; a ' poser.' In gen. slang use. 

Nhb. 1 That's a teaser for ye, noo. w.Yks. ( J.W.), Nhp. (F.R.U) 
Dev. It's a teaser, this business, MORTIMER W. Moors (1895) 127. 
Slang. It's rather a teaser, ain't it! LVTTON Paul Clifford (1830) 
1017, ed. 1853. 

4. A fireman at a glass-house furnace, whose business it 
is to keep the fires going. 

Nhb. 1 The glass-house teasers wore broad-brimmed felt hats, 
with arm- guards and greaves of the same material, to protect them 
from the scorching fires. They also wore ' hand-hats ' of thick 
felt, to enable them to hold the long iron teasing pokers, &c. 

5. pi. Combs ; flax-dressers' implements. n.Yks. 2 
TEASLE, TEASTRIL, see Taissle, Taistrel. 
TEASY, adj. Wil. Cor. Also written teazy Wil.; 

and in form taisey, taisy Cor. [ti'zi, te'zi.] 1. Teasing, 

Cor. A poor woman wethout a man, an' three gert strammmg 
maids to keep, es like a cow wethout a tail when the flies is taisey, 
HARRIS Wheal Veor (1901) 164. 
2. Fretful, fractious ; ill-tempered. 

n.Wil. (G.E.D.) Cor. My owld 'umman was ... so taisy that I 
cudden live in the house, HICHAM Dial. (1866) 5 ; Cor. 3 

TEAT, sb. Cor. 12 [tit.] A draught of wind. Hence 
Teating, sb. the whistling of the wind. 
TEAT, see Tait, sb. 1 

TEATA, adv. Obs. n.Cy. Wm. Yks. Overmuch ; 
very, exceedingly. Cf. too-too. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790). Wm. It is a teata conny verse, HUTTON 
Bran New Wark(itf$) 1. 119 ; Lads, poor things, were teata dry, 
16. Dial. Storth and Arnside (1760) 1. 84. w.Yks. HUTTON Tour 
to Caves (1781). 

TEATER, TEATH(E, see Titter, v., Tath(e. 
TEATHER, TEATHY, see Tether, sb. 1 , Teethy. 
TEATLE, v. Cum. Yks. Lin. Also in forms teeatle 
e.Yks. 1 ; teutle Cum. 4 ; tewtle Lin. [ti'tl, tia'tl.] To 
dawdle, trifle ; to idle away time. 

Cum." He teutles an' daddies about o' t'day and gits laal or 
nought done. n.Yks. Leeds Men. Suppl. (Dec. 20, 1890). e.Yks. 1 
He teeatles aboot like mah poor awd granfayther. n.Lin. Tewtling 
about (J.T.B.). 

Hence (i) Teeatler, sb. a dawdler, trifler ; (2) Teeatling, 
ppl. adj. inert, apathetic, without push or energy. e.Yks. 1 
TEATT, see Tait, sb. 1 

TEATY, adj. Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Yks. Lan. Not. Lin. 
Also written teety n.Cy. ne.Lan. 1 Not. ; and in forms 
teady N.Cy. 1 ; tedy se.Sc. ; teedy Bwk. QAM.) N.Cy. 1 
Nhb. 1 [ti'ti; trdi.] Peevish, fretful, fractious, cross; 
used esp. of children. Cf. teethy. 

se.Sc. I'd be as tedy as a child, DONALDSON Poems (1809) 170. 
Bwk. (JAM.) n.Cy. GROSE (1790) ; N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 She's varry 
teedy wiv her bit teeth, poor thing. As teedy as a child. 
n.Yks. 12 , m.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan.', Not. (J.H.B.), (H.E.B. 1 ) s.Not. The 
child wants to go to bed; it's gettin teaty (J.P.K.). sw.Lin. 1 
Babe's so teaty. 

TEAU, TEAUP, TEAUVE, see Thou, Teap, sb.\ 
Tave, i/. 1 

TEAV(E, TEAW, see Tave, v. 1 , Tew, v.\ Thou. 
Towser, sb. 2 , They. 

TEAZ, sb. and v. Obs. Sc. 1. sb. The nodule of 
earth or prop on which a golf-ball was placed when first 
struck off. See Tee, sb. 1 3. 

Baculus, Pila clavaria, a goulfe-ball. Statumen, the Teaz, 
WEDDERBURN Voc. (1673) 37, 38 (JAM.). 
2. v. To prop a golf-ball. 
Statumina pilam arena, Teaz your ball on the sand, WEDDER- 

TE AZLE,TEBBIE, TEBBIT, see Taissle, Tibby ,Tabet. 

TECK, see Tack, v. 2 , Take, Theak, v. 1 

TECKLE, see Tackle, sb. a 

TECKTAIL sb. Yks. Also written tectau and in 
forms tegtail, ticktail. [te'k-, ti'kteal.] A somersault. 
Also used advb. 

w.Yks. They wor tumlin' their tectails, Yksman, (Apr. ati, 
1877) n ; He had seen some divers ' Topple the'r ticktails when 
they louped into t'watter,' Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Mar. 18, 1899) ; He 
tumbled teg-tail (J.J.B.) ; w.Yks* Turning tecktails. 

TED, v. 1 and sb. In %en. dial, use in Sc. Irel. and Eng. 
Also in forms tead w.Sc. GAM. Suppl.) Brks. 1 ; tede s. & 
e.Cy. [ted.] 1. v. To turn and spread abroad new- 
mown grass for hay. 

Lnk. A maiden . . . Leant on her rake "mid the tedded hay, 
NICHOLSON Idylls (1870) 148; RAMSAY Poems (1721) Gl. Slk. 
Spare a few hours from the tedding and turning of their own hay, 
THOMSON Drummeldale (1901) 96. Gall. MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). 
Uls. (M.B.-S.) w.Ir. She was all day teddin' the new-cut grass, 
LOVER Leg. (1848) I. 188. N.Cy. 12 Nhb. Yonnd lads are fond 
of the saint [scent] of new-cut hay when . . . teddin' it, GRAHAM 
Red Scaur (1896) 132. w.Yks. WILLAN List Wds. (1811); 
w.Yks. 123 Lan. DAVIES Races (1856) 239. s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 13 , 
s.Chs. 1 , Stf. 1 , Der. 2 , Not. (L.C.M.), Not. 1 , Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 , Nhp. 2 , 
War. 3 ', Wor. (W.C.B.), w.Wor. 1 , s.Wor. 1 , se.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 I 
shouldna ted the 'ay awile the weather's so casertly, it'll keep 
better i' the swath ; Shr. 2 Hrf. Meadow grass, when mown, is 
spread thinly over the whole surface, and this operation is called 
tedding, MARSHALL Review (1818) II. 342 ; Hrf. 12 Glo. The hay- 
making machine is put to work in the field to ted or shake out 
every day's work, the day after it is cut down, MORTON Farm 
(1832) 14; Glo. 12 , Oxf. 1 , Brks. 1 Bdf. (J.W.B.); It is common to 
ted the grass, or distribute it regularly over the ground immediately 
it is mown, BATCHELOR Agric. (1813) 441. Hrt The same morning 
the grass is mown, we ted or throw it out as fine as possible, 
ELLIS Mod. Husb. (1750) (s.v. Haymaking). Mid. The business 
of the second day is to ted all the grass, MARSHALL Review (1817) 
V. 106. w.Mid. When you've done tedding out here, you can 
windrow the further side (W.P.M.). e. & s.Cy. To tede grass, 
RAY (1691). Ken. 1 , Sus. 1 , Hmp. 1 w.Cy. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. 
(1863). Wil. 1 Dor. (C.W.) ; Dor. 1 Wher men an' women in a 
string Da ted ar turn the grass, 122. Som. SWEETMAN Wincanton 
Gl. (1885). e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

Hence (i) Tedder, sb. (a) a haymaker, one who 'teds' 
hay; (*) a haymaking machine; (2) Tedding-machine, 
sb., see (i, b) ; (3) Ted-pole, sb. a pole used to turn hay. 

(i, a) w.Yks. 2 , Not. 1 , Lei. 1 (6) Ir. The whirr of the mowing 
machine, the hum of the tedder, BULLOCK Pastorals (1901) 95. 
Not. 1 (2) Not. (J.H.B.), Glo. (J.S.F.S.), w.Mid. (W.P.M.), Som. 
(F.A.A.) (3) e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

2. To scatter, spread abroad ; to spill. 

Rnf. I wish our fowks meetna some dool ; Megg tedd the saut 
upo' the stool, PICKEN Poems (1813) I. 120. Ayr. Jock's vile 
muck fork has ted them out o' a gathering, AINSLIE Land of Burns 
(ed. 1892) 99. Lnk. Aft teddin' frae their careless hauns, Their 
bits o' pieces on'the grun, HAMILTON Poems (ed. 1885) 264. 

3. To turn flax when it has been laid on the ground to 
dry ; to dress hair or flax. 

N.Cy. 12 w.Yks. WILLAN List Wds. (1811). w.Cy. (HALL.) 
Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 

Hence Tedding- or Ted-pole, sb. the long stick or pole 
used for turning flax. w.Cy. (HALL.) Som. W. & J. Gl. 
(1873). 4. To spread out ; to arrange in order ; to tidy, 

w.Sc. Ted your hair and tedd up the house (JAM. Suppl.}. 

5. sb. In phr. to carry hay on ted, to rake hay together 

hastily, before putting it into rows, in order to carry it at 

once. Sur. 1 6. The act of setting right, arranging or 

putting in order. w.Sc. Gie the room a ted up (JAM. Suppl.). 

[1. Item paied for mowyng and teddyng ijs. ijd., Nott. 
Rec. (1494), ed. Stevenson, III. 278.] 

TED, v. 2 Obs. Dev. Also in form tet. To have leave 
or permission to do a thing; to be bound or under 



n.Dev. Zwer thy torn, or else tha tedst net carry whomc tliy 
pad, Exm. Scold. (1746) 1. 113 ; 'I ted go home,' I am to go home, 
GROSE (1790) ; Horae Stibsecivae (1777) 429. 

TED, v. a Obs. Lin. To burn wood fires. (HALL.), Lin. 1 
TED, see Tid, fb. s , Toad. 

TEDD, pp. Obs. n.Sc. (JAM.) Ravelled, entangled. 
TEDDED,//-. w.Yks. 2 [te'dad.] Indented, serrated, 
teethed. Sickles are tedded to make them cut better. 
TEDDER, v. Nhp. 2 [te'da(r).] To perplex ; to tease. 
Don't tedder me. 
TEDDER, sec Tether, sb. 1 

TEDDERY, adj. Cum. Wm. fte'dari.] Of grass, 
plants, &c. : long and matted, entangled. 

Cum. 4 Said of plants which are liable to be matted together by 
means of their tendrils, as the Vetches. ' Locally applied to 
Vicia Cracca, and possibly to other teddery plants of the same 
order,' Flora, 88. Wm. (B.K.) 

TEDDISOME, adj. Sc. Cum. Lan. Also written 
teddisum n.Lan. 1 ; tedisome Slg. ; tedisum n.Sc. QAM.) ; 
and in forms tediousome Sc. ; teidsome Rxb. (JAM.) ; 
tiddysom Cum. 1 * [te'disam.] i. Tedious, wearisome ; 
formed from ' tedious ' + ' some.' 

Sc. It was an unco pleasant show, . . only it was a pity it was 
sae tediousome, SCOTT St. Rottan (1824) xxii. n.Sc. (JAM.), 
Per. (G.W.) Slg. Noo, no' to be lang, for a foreword should never 
be tedisome, HARVEY Scotch Thistles (1896)9. Rxb. (JAM.) Dmf. 
We'll get through with this teidsome work the t'ane way or the 
t'ither, HAMILTON Mawkin (1898) ai8. Cum. 14 , Lan. 1 , n.Lan. 1 
2. Fretful, fractious, tiresome. 
Lan. 1 ne-Lan. 1 T'barn's fearfle teddisome. 
TEDDY, TEDE, see Tatie, Ted, v. 1 
TEDIOUS, adj. and adv. Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. 
and Eng. Also in forms tadious Don. Shr. 12 ; tageous 
War. 24 s.War. 1 ; tayions Cor. ; tayjus Dev. ; teddious 
Wm. w.Yks. 1 ne.Lan. 1 Sus. 1 ; tedy n.Cy. (HALL.) ; teedus 
Suf. 1 ; teejous s.Pem. ; teejus Ken. ; teejy e.Dur. 1 ; 
tegious Sus. 2 ; tejous Cor. ; tejus Sus. [trdias, te'dias ; 
trdzas, te-dzas.] 1. adj. Peevish, fretful, fractious, irri- 
tabfe, difficult to please ; fidgety, restless. 

e.Dur. 1 , Wm. (J.M.), n.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 This barn's feaful 
teddious. ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 s.Chs. 1 A cross child is said 
to be very tedious. Der. 2 , War. 24 s.War. 1 The boy's not well, 
he's so tageous. Shr. 2 Grows mighty tadious. Suf. 1 , Sus. 1 
w.Som. 1 Gipsy [a cow] do keep on belvin arter her calve ; her's 
that tai'jus anybody can't hardly come aneast her. Dev. "E 'th 
agot a black-head pon 'is leg, an' that maketh 'en cruel tayjus, 
HEWETT Peas. Sp. (1892) 53. 

2. Trying, tiresome ; unpleasant ; aggravating. 
Per. The Doctor was tedious Sabbath a fortnicht, IAN MACLAREN 
Brier Bush (1895) 215. n.Cy. (HALL.) w.Yks. 5 ' How's t'barn 
this morning, missis ? ' ' Haw, he's better thenk yuh, bud he's hed 
a varry tedious neet.' Chs. 1 A long protracted harvest is 'a 
tedious time.' Wor. The nettlerash is very tedious, nights 
(H.K.). s.Pem. I don't know to my goodness which way shall I 
do with her, for she's a teejous old piece, and that's the truth 
(M.S.C.). n.Dev. Go ye rearing . . . tedious cutted Snibblenose, 
Exm. Scold. (1746) 1. 107. Cor. Tejous weather, young chap- 
frail the world like the back-kitchen on washing-day, LEE 
Cynthia (1900) 219. 

8. Lasting a long time ; long, slow, but not necessarily 
wearisome or tiresome. 

s.Chs. 1 Wi)n got-n fl tee'jOis job lug-in dhaat- bit fl ee' of Bik'li 
Mos. Ken. He sed dare was a teejus fair, Dat lasted for a wick, 
MASTERS Dick and Sal (c. 1821) st. 8 ; Ken. 1 Sus. Poor Sal is 
gone a tejus way, LOWER Tom Cladpole (1872) St. 7. Cor. I've 
worked out a sort of a plan in my slow tayjous way, LEE Paul 
Carah (18981 220. 

Hence Tediousness, sb. slowness. 

Don. A horse-baste that gets through considerable odds an' ends 
iv wark, considherin' his age an' tadiousness, Pearson's Mag. (Mar. 
1900) 312. 

4. Careful, scrupulous, particular. 

Lan. Ask a man if he will have a glass of beer or a glass of 
porter, and he will answer that ' he is not tedious about it,' i.e. he 
is not particular which kind of drink he takes. The use of the 
word is very common, N. V Q. (1874) 5th S. i. 175. s.Chs. 1 Yoa- 
bin sti tee-jus iibuwt yur kleeiin fuwdz. 

5. adv. Very, exceedingly ; used as an intensitive. 

Ken. A lad at a cricket-match would say, ' That was a tedious 

swift ball,' or ' That was a tedious hard hit,' N. & Q. (1874) 5th 
S. i. 107; Tedious pleasant, GROSE (1790); Ken. 1 Tedious bad, 
tedious good ; Ken. 2 Sus. 1 I never did see such tedious bad stuff 
in all my life ; Sus. 2 

TEDS,sb.pI. Lin. [tedz.] Socks. MILLER & SKERTCHLY 
Fenland (1878) iv ; Lin. 1 

TEDY, see Teaty. 

TEE, sb. 1 and v. 1 Sc. [ti.] L sb. A mark set up in 
playing at quoits, pennystone, &c. n.Sc. UAM.) 2. A 
curling term : a mark made in the ice at each end of a 
rink towards which the stones are pushed. 

Sc. The stone took the wick exactly, and stood on the tee dead- 
guarded, TWEEDDALE Moff (1896) 164; The place for the rink 
being chosen, a mark is made at each end, called a ' tee,' ' toesee,' 
or ' neitter.' It is a small hole made in the ice, round which two 
circles of different diameters are drawn, that the relative distances 
of the stone from the ' tee ' may be calculated at sight, HAREWOOD 
Diet. o/Sforts (1835) (s.v. Curling) ; Gtn. a cross surrounded by 
a circle ()AM.). 

Hence (i) Tee-head, sb. the circle round the 'tee' at 
each end of the rink, within which the stones must lie in 
order to count in the game ; (2) -shot, sb. a stone resting 
on the 'tee' when played. 

(i) Slg. The tee-head's a graund leveller. I can order aboot the 
very Curnel whan I'm skip and he's playin' third, FERGUSSON 
Village (1893) 159. (2) Lnk. Our hin haun, unrivall'd at drawin', 
Sen's up a tee-shot to a hair Game! game! WATSON Poems 
(1853) 64. 

3. A golfing term : a small cone or nodule of earth, &c. 
from which a golf-ball is driven or 'teed.' Also used/ig. 
See Teaz. 

Sc, (JAM.) Heb. Each [shell] is seated on a sandy ' tee,' formed 
by the wind sweeping away the sand around it, SMITH Leaisiana 
(1875) '47- 

4. v . A golfing term : to raise a ball on a nodule of earth, 
&c. preparatory to driving it. Hence Tee'd-ball, sb. a ball 
placed on a cone or ' tee * preparatory to the first drive. 

Sc. Persuaded that I was to fly high and far, they had taken 
a word from the golfing green, and called me the ' Tee'd Ball,' 
STEVENSON Catriona (1893) xviii ; That's a tee'd ba', HENDERSON 
Prov. (1832) 138, ed. i88r. 

TEE, sb. 2 and v.' Hmp. [ti.] L sb. In coinp. Tee- 
hole, the entrance to a bee-hive. 

As thick as bees at a tee-hole, DOYLE White Comp. (ed. 1901) 
vi; WISE New Forest (1883) 185; Hmp. 1 [At the bottom of your 
little [beehive] doors, make an open square just against the tec- 
hole, WORLIDGE Diet. Kust. (1681).] 
2. v. Of bees : to buzz. WISE ib. ; Hmp. 1 

TEE, si. 3 Sc. See below. 

Sc. The muirland laddie That rides on the bonny grey cowt, . . 
With hair pouthered, and a feather, And housings at curpen and 
tee, CHAMBERS Sngs. (1829) II. 584. 

TEE, v. 9 s.Lan. 1 [ti.] With in : to set in ; to tide in. 

He had th' inflooenzy, an' then breawn-titus tee'd-in, an' that 
top't him off. 

TEE, see T, Take, Thee, pers. pron., Tie, v. 1 , To. 

TEEA, see The, detn. adj., To. 

TEEAF, TEEALY-PYATT, see Tough, Tale pyet. 

TEEAR, TEE AT, see Their, Tait, sb. 1 

TEEATH, TEEATHY, see Tooth, Toothy. 

TEEAVE, TEECHY. see Tave, v. 1 , Tetchy. 

TEED, ppl. adj. Sh.I. [tld.] Of a cow : in full milk. 

Whether the cow was teed, forrow, or yield, the cog was filled 
to the brim, SPENCE Fit-Lore (1899) 166. 

TEEDEE, sb. s.Chs. 1 [trdij A lump of ordure. 

TEEDLE, v. Obs. Sc. To sing a song without words ; 
to croon. Cf. deedle, v. 3. 

Gall. ' Rock your weeane in a scull And teedle Heelan sing,' 
Old edit, of Hadawa/raeme, Donald (J AM.) ; MACTAGGART Encycl. 

TEE-DRAW, TEEDY, TEE-FA(LL, see To-draw, 
Teaty. To-fall. 

TEEGLE, v. s-Chs. 1 [trgl.] With /> : to entice, lead 
on from step to step. 

TEEGLE, see Teagle, sb. 

TEE-HEE, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Yks. ; al 
Som. Dev. Also written te-he(e Sc. Ir. ; and in forms 
tie-hie Lnk. ; ti-he w.Yks. 1 ; ti-hi Per. 1. sb. Foolish, 

H a 




silly laughter; giggling, tittering; a loud laugh. Also 
used as an int. expressive of loud or derisive laughter. 

Sc. He got up with a tehee (JAM.). Abd. The lasses skirled a 
loud ' tee-hee,' Guidman Inglismill (1873) 40. Per. Sanny syne 
will heertsome be, And for lang groans gouf up, Ti-hi, NICOL 
Poems (1766) 20. Ayr. She laughed loudly and vacantly. Ihesilly 
tee-hee echoed up the street, DOUGLAS Green Shutters (1901) i. 
Lnk. Tie, hie, Sandy, the kirk will kittle your hips for you yet, 
GRAHAM Writings (\W$) II. 225. Ir. Wee James went te-he, te- 
he between his teeth, BULLOCK Pastorals (1901) 106. Nhb. He 
gies a sort o' tee-hee at this oot loud, PEASE Tales (1899) n. 

2. v. To laugh in a suppressed manner ; to giggle , titter ; 
to laugh in a silly, foolish manner. 

Arg. Tee-heeing till his bent shoulders heaved under his ink- 
stained surtout coat, MUNRO Doom Castle (1901) 112. Ayr. The 
two o' them tee-heeing owre the lads thegither, DOUGLAS Green 
Shutters (1901) 47 ; QAM.) Feb. Ky rout, lambs bleat, the dees 
[dairy-maids] te-heed, Lintoun Green (1685) 66, ed. 1817. Dmf. 
There, boys teheeing, MAYNE Siller Gun (1808) 98. Gall. MAC- 
TAGGART Eiuycl. (1824) 444, ed. 1876. Ir. You be aisy there, tee- 
heein 1 , Pat Lencham, BARLOW Shamrock (1901) 250. w.Yks. 1 
w.Som. 1 Kas--n keep kwuyut, yu teehee-een yuung feo-1 ? [Canst 
(thou) not keep quiet, you giggling young fool ?] n.Dev. Ye tee- 
heeing pixy, Exm. Scold. (1746) 1. 130. 

3. To laugh loudly. Bnff. 1 

[1. Cp. 'Tehee ! ' quod she, and clapte the window to, 
CHAUCER C. T. A. 3740.] 

TEEHOSS, v. Dev. [ti'-os.] To romp vulgarly or 

Be quiet thease minit ! I niver did zee sich a gert teehossmg 
viile as yd be ! HEWETT Peas. Sp. (1892) ; Dev. 3 Now you chillern, 
stap that teehossing or you'll tear all the clothes off yer backs. 
TEEHT, TEEJUS, TEEJY, see Tait, sb. 1 , Tedious. 
TEEL, v. 1 Cum. Wm. War. Shr. Hrf. Glo. Hmp. Wil. 
Dor. Som. Dev. Cor. Also written teal Glo. Dor. ; and 
in forms tail Dor. Cor. 1 ; teil Glo. ; tile Cum. Wm. Shr. 1 
Glo. 12 Wil. 1 Dor. 1 w.Som. 1 ; till Hrf. 1 Glo. 1 w.Som. 1 
nw.Dev. 1 Cor. [til ; tail, til.] 1. To set up on end ; to 
prop or lean up against a wall, c. 

War. 2 Teel this dish agen the sink, to drain. Hrf. 1 Glo. The 
roll of paper is teeled agen the wall (S.S.B.) ; Glo. 1 The pole was 
tilled up against the house. Hmp. 1 ' Teel'un up,' set it on its end 
against something. Wil. 1 Gen. used with up, as ' Teel it up agen 
th' wall, wull'ee ? ' 

Hence Teeling, ppl. adj. sloping, leaning, slanting. 
Also used advb. 

Hmp. Pliace it a little teelin' (J.R.W.) ; Hmp. 1 
2. To pile up, as wood against a tree. Glo. (H.S.H.), 
(W.H.C.), Glo.' 3. To set open. 

Glo. 1 To tile a gate ; Glo. 2 Dor. Monthly Pckt. (1874) 180. 
4. To place anything so that it may easily fall, esp. to 
bait or set a trap, snare, &c. 

Cum. In setting the old figure-of-4 trap the slate or flat tile 
which in its fall had to kill the vermin, required very nice and 
delicate adjustment. The trap had to be 'tiled kittle' (J.Ar.). 
Wm. FERGUSON Northmen (1856) 201. Shr. 1 To bait a trap by 
hanging a morsel of food on a hook. It is said of small eaters 
that they ' dunna yet as much as 66d tile a trap.' Glo. Horae Sub- 
stcivae (1777) 428 ; Glo. 1 To tile a trap. Dor. You wouldn't like a 
gin tiled then, would you ! (C.V.G.) ; To tail a trap (C.K.P.) ; 
Dor. 1 Som. ' Mus Caper he tiled a gin.' ' How did he tile it ?' 
' Oh, tiled un why he tiled un wi' a bit o' cheese and he catched 
three mice' (W.F.R.) ; JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). 
w.Som. 1 I must till a snap vor thick there want. There's a new 
farshin mouse-snap what don't lack no tillin' he do till 'iszul. 
Dev. 1 Took a bard out o' a springle that zumbody had a'teel'd, 5. 
nw.Dev. 1 s. Dev. Fox Kingsbridge (1874). Cor. 12 

Hence (i) Tiller, sb. the part of a trap or gin to which 
the bait is attached ; (2) Till-trap, sb. applied to anything 
unsteady or unsafe ; also used atlrib. 

(i) w.Som. 1 Dhee'uz yuur jun- ud'n noa geo'd, dhu tee'ulur 
oa - un-z a-broa'kt [This here gin is not no good, the tiller 
of it is broken]. nw.Dev. 1 (2) w.Soin. 1 An insecure scaffold 
would be a ' till-trap consarn." A rickety chair, a weak ladder, a 
broken stool, would all be so described, implying that a person 
trusting to their support would be trapped. ' I baint gwain up 
'pon nojis till-trap's that there an' tread 'pon nort!' 
6. Fig. To prepare ; to make ready. 
w.Som, 1 Dev. A farmer, . . speaking of the sharp practice o 

some neighbours, said, ' But there, didn' make no odds, I was a- 
tilled vor 'em ' (i.e. prepared for them), Reports Provinc. (1889). 
;or. He and his mates went out and tilled the trammel [fishing- 
net] ' Q.' Wandering Heath (1895) 80. 

6. To be obstinately set or determined on doing anything. 

Cor. So Mary Ann teel'd for to do un harm, T. Towser (1873) 

70 ; We're plissunt soas, We aren't for fighting teeld, DANIEL 

Muse in Motley, 28 ; Cor. 2 ' He's teeled for it,' i.e. he's ripe for it, 

[4. Cp. Tristre is ber me sit mid be greahundes forte 

kepen be hearde, oSer tillen be nettes ajean ham, Anc. 

Riwle (c. 1225) 334.] 

TEEL,t>. 2 Sc. [til.] 1. To till or prepare the ground 
for sowing. 

Sc. Teel't as ye like ye hae nae rewaird, WADDELL Isaiah 
(1879) v, heading. Sh.I. He 'at nedder teels nor saws be bliss'd 
at A'm wun it, Sh. News (Oct. 20, 1900). Per. We teel'd the 
Jaund, An' cuist oor corn into the yird, HALIBURTON Ochil Idylls 
;i89t) 45. [Teele, am, DUNCAN Etym. (1595).] 
2. To work at, toil. Also used Jig. 

Ayr. The thrifty wife she teels the pirns, THOM Amusements 
(1817) 36. 

[OE. teolian, to till (B.T.).] 
TEEL, see Tail, Teal, v. 1 *, Till, sb.\ v." 
TEELER, see Tailor. 

TEELYTOON, sb. Nhb. 1 [tl'litun.] A teasing, fretful, 
wearisome child. 

TEEM, v. 1 , sb. 1 and adj. 1 Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. Also written team N.Cy. 2 Dur. n.Yks. 14 e.Yks. 
m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 5 Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 Der. Not. 2 Lin. 1 n.Lin. 1 
e.An. 1 Cor. ; and in forms teeam Cum. 14 n.Yks. 24 e.Yks. 1 
s.Chs. 1 ; teeom s.Lan. 1 ; teim w.Yks. 5 ; tern w.Yks. ; tim 
Dmb. Lnk. ; pret. tame m.Yks. 1 ; tern m.Yks. 1 sw.Lin. 1 ; 
tem'd w.Yks. Lan. ; temmed Lan. Not. [tun ; tiam.] 
1. v. To pour, pour out; to empty liquid from one vessel 
to another. Also usedyJg-. Cf. toom. 

Sc. HERD Coll. Sngs. (1776) Gl. Cat 1 , Inv. (H.E.F.) Kcd. 

They an' Davit teem't the stoup Till a' the three were fou, GRANT 

Lays (1884) 19. Dmb. I'll gang in an' get your paste-pail and tim 

it ower your held, STRANG Lass of Lennox (1899) 175. N.I. 1 

N.Cy. 1 Teem out the tea, hinny ; N.Cy. 2 , Nhb. 1 Dur. It was just 

like teamin' cau'd waiter down mi' back, EGGLESTONE Betty Podkins' 

Visit (1877) 10 ; Dur. 1 , Lakel. 2 , Cum. 14 Cum., Wm. NICOLSON 

(1677) Trans. R. Lit. Soc. (1868) IX, Wm. Seun hed it boilen To 

teem doon her throat, VfaiTEHEAD Leg. (1859) 7. s.Wm. (J.A.B.) 

n.Yks. 4 Teeam all t'cau'd tea oot. ne.Yks. 1 Teeam t'watther oot 

o' yon can. e.Yks. 1 Noo then, get tha gone and teeam slaps. 

m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. He tem'd aght th' teah, HARTLEY Seets Yks. Lan. 

(1895) ii ; w.Yks. 2345 Lan. Heaw aw tem'd o mi love an' hope 

into four little pages o papper, CLEGG Sketches (1895) 90; Lan. 1 

Come, teem eawt, an' let's be suppin' ; aw'm dry. n.Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , 

e.Lan. 1 , in. Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 Teeom me another dish o' lay eawt. 

Chs. 12 ; Chs. 3 Cum, missis, teem us a sup of lay. s.Chs. 1 , Der. 12 

Not. The sun . . . slanting like it was teemed out of something, 

PRIOR Rente (1895) 76 ; Not. 12 s.Not. Teem the watter down the 

drain (J.P.K.). n.Lin. 1 Th'soft thing team'd a lot o' watter oot o' 

th' tea-kettle up o' me. sw.Lin. 1 When I teem him some tea, 

he'll tak' and fling it at me. I tern some tea into a cup. Nhp. 1 2 

War. 2 This teapot don't teem well ; War. 3 w.Wor. 1 Canna yii 

drink yer lay, lad ? Teem it inta the sahrcer [saucer] then. s.Wor. 1 

Shr. 1 Theer's summat got i' the spout o' the tay-pot, it dunna 

teem well. Glo. 12 , e.An. 1 e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (.1873). Cor. 

Teeming out her licker, J. TRENOODLE Spec. Dial. (1846) 59 ; Cor. 1 

Teem out the liquor ; Cor. 2 

2. To rain heavily ; to pour in torrents. 

Sc. It teems wi' rain, GROSE (1790) MS. add. (C.) Dmb. An 

awfu" wat day, teemin' doon in bucketfu's, STRANG Lass of Lennox 

(1899) 170. Dmf. It's just teeming, WALLACE Schoolmaster (1899) 

354; Teeming and raining is a common expression (JAM.). Ir. 

(A.S.-P.) ; Troth, it's teemin' powerful this instiant up there in 

the mountains, BARLOW Lisconnel (1895) 45. n.Cy. (J.W.) Wm. 

It is 'teeming and pouring' means 'raining cats and dogs' (A.T.). 

n.Yks. 1 ; n.Yks. 2 It rains and teeams on. ne.Yks. 1 It fair teeam'd 

down. e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. Bi th' time they gat to th' Church it wor 

teemin' daan, HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1890) 29; w.Yks. 5 It wur 

teiming darn at four o'clock, 37. n.Lan. 1 It's fair rainin' and 

teemin' down. Chs. 1 Not. 1 It fair temmed down. Lin, 1 n.Lin. 1 

Team down wi' rain. sw.Lin. 1 It tern down with rain; it did teem. 

Rut. 1 Where the slates is broken, the wet teems down ever so. 

War. 2 Hark at th? rain ; it does teem. 




3. To empty or empty out solids. 

Nhb. Two banksmen, who take off the corves at the top, and 
empty, or, as the workmen call it, 'teem' them, BRAND Hist. 
Newc. (1789) II. 684, note. Cum. 3 T'steans was liggin, aside o' 
t'steel, just as I'd teem't them oot, 15. n.Yks. 12 ; n. Yks. 4 Teeam't 
coals oot at t'backside. w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. Th' potatoes wur 
nicely dried an' temd,Ab-o'th'-YateXntasDinner(i886) n. Chi. 1 ; 
Chs. s You may teem eggs or corn. s.Chs. 1 Shr. 1 I axed the 
Maister, could 'e change me a sovereign, an' 'e teemed 'is pus, 
but 'e 'adna got it. 

Hence Teemer, sb. the large bag into which gleanings 
are poured out of the smaller bags carried at the waist. 
sw.Lin. 1 4. To unload a cart, &c. ; esp. to lift hay or 
corn from the wagon on to the stack. 

Abd. Teem ycr cairt, min (G.W.). n.Cy. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. 
(1863). Nhb. 1 Teemin muck, emptying manure from a cart with 
a teemin-hack. ne.Yks. 1 Com an' help us ti teeam this keeak. 
e.Yks. The leader ought to teame the waine, BESTRur. Econ. (1641) 
46 ; e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 ; w.Yks. 5 Going to teem a load o' coil, an' 
nobbud just wesh'd t'door-stans ! ne.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 To shoot out, 
as coals from a cart. Not. 2 Those men have teamed that load 
very quickly. s.Not. Me an' Jim '11 goo on the stack ; but who'll 
teem to uz ? (J.P.K.) Lin. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). n.Lin. 1 , 
se.Lin. (J.T.B.) Nhp. To teem the loaded corn, CLARE Poems 
1821) 92. 

Hence (i) Teamer, sb. the man who empties the grain 
rom a laden cart to the stack ; (2) Teeming-hack, sb. a 
fork with teeth set at right angles to the shaft, used for 
hauling stable manure out of a cart in the field. 

(i) Lin. 1 The learner and the stacker are certain officials for 
whom work is plentiful during the harvest season, (a) Nhb. 1 
6. Coaling term : see below. 

Nhb. 1 In loading ships with coals the contents of the waggons 
are said to be teemed down the loading spouts. Teemin bye, or 
teemin ower, is laying coals aside at bank instead of sending them 
away in waggons. Nhb., Dur. Teeming over or teeming bye, when 
trade is bad or wagons scarce, NICHOLSON Coal Tr. Gl. (1888). 

Hence Teemer, sb. the man at a coal-shipping staith 
who lets the coals out of the wagons. 

Nhb. A teamer, named John Grierson, 29, of Monkwearmouth, 
was killed instantaneously whilst working at the Lambton drops, 
Sunderland, Newc. Dy. Chron. (Mar. 22, 1900) ; Nhb. 1 Nhb., Dur. 
6. To pour molten metals into moulds. s.Yks. (W.S.) 

Hence Teemer, sb. the man who pours or 'teems' 
molten steel into the ingot-mould, ib. 7. To bale or dip 
out water by means of a bowl or scoop. 

Sc. (A.W.) Wmh. Teem out the boat (E.M.). Cor. Tregagle 
is a giant, condemned ' to team ' out Dosmary Pool with a limpet 
shell, Flk-Lore Kec. (1880) III. 283; Cor. 23 

Hence Teeming-day, sb., obs., see below. 

Cor. 8 There was twenty years ago a day in Camborne when 
the young people flung cups of water at one another. It was 
called Teemin'-day. 

8. To drain the water off potatoes, &c. when boiled. 
s.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). w.Yks. (J.W.) Der. Team the taters 

or they'll be water squalled. Pour the water off the potatoes or 
they will be sodden (L.W.). 

9. To strike out a bolt from a bolt-hole with the aid of 
another bolt. Nhb. 1 1O. sb. A heavy downpour or 
long-continued fall of rain. Also used_/ig. 

s.Sc. It s'all be a sooplin teem o' rain, T. SCOTT Poems (1793) 
366. CId. (JAM.) Ir. Step in out of the teems of rain, BARLOW 
Martin's Comp. (1896) 113. N.I. 1 I was out in a perfect teem. 
I.Ma. In the teems of tears and sobs, BROWN Witch (1889) 146. 

11. A cart-load to be emptied. 

n.Yks. 2 'An unhceasty teeam,' a cart load of materials which 
cannot be shot forth at once, but require taking out by degrees. 

12. adj. Empty. See Toom. 

Cai. 1 Elg. Is yer muckle greybeard teem? TESTER Poems (1865) 
148. Abd. It [the house] o' sic a muckle jamb . . . an' mair nor 
the tae half oH '11 hae to Stan' teem, ALEXANDER Ain Flk. (1882) 
134. Lnk. At length their purse grew bare and tim, EWING Poems 
(1892) 13. Edb. Shaw's your pose ; Forseeth, my ain's but teem 
An' light this day, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) 132, ed. 1785. Rxb. 
Rustic brains thus teem o' rhymes, A. SCOTT Poems (ed. 1808) 15. 
Lakel. 1 Cum. He was as helpless as a teeam sack, WAUGH Late 
Cy. (1861) 186. Win. Many hands make light wark, Many mouths 
a teem ark (B.K.). 

13. Phr. to work teem, to work for nothing. 

n.Yks. Better sit idle then work tcaum, Prov. in MERITON 
Praise Ale (1684) No. 22. 

14. Thin. Nhb. 1 He's varry teem leukin. 

[1. Temyn, or maken empty, vacua, evacuo (Prompt.). 
Icel. tcema, tcema, to empty (VIGFUSSON).] 

TEEM, v.*, sb* and adj? Sc. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Der. 
Lin. Also written team N.Cy. 2 Yks. n.Lin. 1 ; and in 
form teeam n.Yks. 2 [tim ; tiam.] 1. y. Obs. To be 
pregnant ; to bring forth ; to produce in abundance. 
w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Jan. 5, 1889). [(K.)J Hence 
(i) Teeming, ppl. adj. of a woman: child-bearing, apt to 
bear children ; (2) Teeming-time, sb. the time of parturition. 

(i) N.Cy. 2 A teeming woman is still in use for one that is apt to 
bear children (s.v. Beam teams). w.Yks. THORESBY Lett. (1703) ; 
w.Yks.* (a) n.Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (C.) 

2. To overflow ; with up : to fill up to the brim. Also 

Inv. (H.E.F.) Edb. The least untentit, lowse spoke word, Gars 
them draw the duellin' sword ; An' syne infuriate murder teems, 
LEARMONT Poems (1791) 61. Feb. Wi' fury [he] teems, For 
being affronted here On sic a day, Lintoun Green (1685) 35, ed. 
1817. s.Lin. (C.K.) 

Hence Teeming-full, adj. full to running over, brimful. 
Cum. 4 e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.) 3. sb. A large quantity, 
abundant supply. 

n.Yks. 2 'There's a whent teeam on't,' a great quantity of it 
' Teeams o' fooaks,' a large assemblage. 
4. adj. Obs. Full. 

Yks. If Brayton bargh, and Hambleton hough, and Burton 
bream Were all in thy belly 't would not be team, RAY Prov. 
(1678) 339. 

Hence Teemful or Temful, adj. brimful, full to the brim. 

N.Cy. 2 , Cum. 1 *, n.Yks. 2 , w.Yks. 2 , Der. 2 , Lin. 1 , n.Lin. 1 

[1. OE. tteman, to be pregnant (SWEET).] 

TEEM, v. a and sb* Bnff. 1 [tim.] 1. v. With on : to 
beat with severity. 2. With on : to work with great 
energy and speed. ' They teemt on at the cuttan a' day.' 
8. sb. With on : a heavy beating. 

TEEMONEER, sb. Obs. Suf. [Not known to our 
correspondents.] Anaut. term: the man on the look-out. 

A sea term in common use among the Woodbridge seamen and 
prob. elsewhere (HALL.). 

TEEMS, see Tems(e. 

TEEN, sb., v. 1 and adj. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. Chs. e.An. 
Also written tean Ayr. ; tene Sc. (JAM.) ; and in forms 
tein Sc. ; tynd Lnk. [tin.] 1. sb. Sorrow, grief. 

Sc. Her flouchtrous heart near brast wi' teen, JAMIESON Pop. 
Ballads (1806) I. 241. Per. In that hour o' tein, She wander'd to 
the dowie glen, And never mair was seen, FORD Harp (1893) 40. 
Ayr. The cause o' a' my grief an' tean, Is still thy shy disdain, 
JOHNSTONE Poems (1820) 125. e.Lth. 1, for dounricht teen, could 
greet! MUCKLEBACKIT Rhymes (1885) 92. Gall. I have tried so 
mickle of bliss and teen, CROCKETT Standard Bearer (1808) 2. 
N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 

2. Wrath, anger, rage ; vexation ; revenge. 

Sc. He waxed wralh and vowed tein, AYTOUN Ballads (ed. 
1861) I. 67. Bch. To gar me rise in sic a teen An' pit my tongue 
a-scabblin, TARRAS Poems (1804) 69 (JAM., s.v. Scabble). Ayr. 
Last day I grat wi' spite and teen, BURNS Petition ofBruar Water, 
St. 3. Lnk. RAMSAY Poems (1721) Gl. Rxb. In spite and teen 
the beldam mourns, A. SCOTT Poems(ed. 1808) ai. Chs.^.e.An. 1 

Hence Teenful, adj. wrathful ; troublesome, vexatious. 

Sc. Wept in teenfu' mood, AYTOUN Ballads (ed. 1861) I. 35. 
e.An. 1 

3. See below. 

Chs. ' Good or fow teen,' good or bad taking (K.) ; RAY (1691) ; 
Chs. 1 ; Chs. 2 When any one is in misfortune or bad plight he is 
said to be in fow teen ; Chs. 8 When any one has come to grief he 
is said to be ' in fouteen.' 

4. v. To trouble, vex ; to tease, worry. Sc. QAM.), 
e.An. 1 , Nrf. 1 , Suf. 1 6. adj. Obs. Angry. n.Cy. (K.), 
N.Cy. 1 , w.Yks. 1 

[1. Thus liveth fair Anelida the quene For fals Arcite, 
that did hir al this tene, CHAUCER An. & Arcite, 140. 
OE. teona, suffering; injury, injustice. 4. OE. tienan, to 
irritate, annoy (B.T.).] 




TEEN, v? Yks. Lan. Ken.' Dev. Cor. [tin.] 1. To 
close, shut. See Tine, v? 

w Yks. Teen th' dur to an' keep th' cowd eawt (D.L.). Lan. 
Hie tho' off . . . or th' dur may be teen'd, WAUGH Chtm. Corner 
(1874-) 75, ed. 1879 ; Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 Hast teen't that dur? 
Dev. 1 Many many nearts I ha'n't a teen'd my eyes vor thinking o 
thee, 22. Cor. 1 I haven't teen'd my eye ; Cor. 2 

Hence (i) Teening, sb., (2) Teening-time, sb. closing 
time, lighting-up time. 

(i) Dev. 1 Jist bevore candle-teening the passon peep d in upor 

2. 6bs. To enclose or hedge a field. Lan. (K.) 3. To 
make a hedge with 'raddles.' Ken. 12 Hence (i) Teenage, 
sb wood suitable for raddling a hedge ; (2) Teened, ppl. 
adj. made with ' raddles ' ; (3) Teener or Tener, s6. a man 
who 'teens' or keeps a hedge in order; (4) Teenet o 

Teenit, sb., see (i). 

(i) Ken. (K.), (W.F.S.) (a) Ken. 2 A teened hedge. (3) Ken. 1 

(4) Ken. (W.F.S.) 

4. Fig. Of the moon: to wane, change. Uev. 
[OE. iynan, to fence, enclose ; to shut, close (SWEET).] 
'TEEN, adv. Sc. [tin.] An abbreviation of 'at even.' 

Also used subst. 

Sc Ye're aff your eggs for ance, gif ye ettle to come on us the 
'teen at unawares, St. Patrick (1819) I. 168 QAM.). Rnf. On 
Saturday teen I'll be there, WEBSTER Rhymes (1835) 7. Ayr. O 
wat ye what my minnie did On Tysday 'teen to me jo ? BURNS 
O wat ye Lnk. Tryst their lasses to come yon' Twa hours on 
Furesday 'teen, WATSON Poems (1853) 39. Gall. MACTAGGART 
Encycl. (1824) 484, ed. 1876. 
TEEN, see Teind, Tend, v?, Tine, v. 1 . Tune. 
TEE-NAME, TEEND, see To-name, Teind, Tend, t>. 2 
TEENGE, sb. Obs. Sc. GAM.) A colic in horses. 
TEENS, sb. pi. 1 Cum. I.Ma. Chs. [tinz.] 1. Tens. 
I.Ma. Aw, have you known me these teens of years? CAINE 
Manxman (1894) pt. v. xiii. Chs. 3 Teens of pounds. 
2. Something over ten or twelve ; see below. 
Cum. The strokes hed oot-growen the'r ' teens,' an wer fast 
comin' to 'tys,' BURN Fireside Crack (1886) 9. Chs. 1 Something 
above ten. Gen. applied to money. ' What did So-and-so get for 
his cow ? ' ' Au dunno know, but it wur i'th' teens.' 

TEENS, sb. pi? Pem. [tinz.] Hay-bands. s.Pem. 
LAWS Little Eng. (1888) 421. 

TEENY, adj. 1 In gen. dial, and colloq. use in Eng. 
and Amer. Also in form teenty w.Yks. se.Lin. Amer. 
fti-ni.] Small, tiny, minute ; also in comb. Teeny tiny, 
Teeny weeny. 

n.Cy. (J.W.) Cum. 3 That teenie lump o' land Is t'dearest grund 
. . . bowte, 83. w.Yks. Two sich little teenty hands i' little teenty 
gloves, HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1880) 40 ; w.Yks. 24 , e.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 
A teeny, tiny, tinchy bit, 12. Chs. 1 s.Chs. 1 A little teeny-tiny 
nn. Midi. A teeney-weeney little critter she were at fust, BAR- 
TRAM People of Clapton (1897) 66. nw.Der. 1 , Not. 1 , Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 
War. 2 ; War. 8 What a dear little teeny lamb. s.Wor. A teeny 
martal, . . as teeny as teeny, OUTIS Vig. MOM. in Berrow's Jrn. 
(1896). se.Wor. 1 A little teeny apple. Shr. 1 It's a pretty babby, 
but a teeny-weeny thing, yo' met'n put it in a quart jug. Hrf. 
BOUND Provinc. (1876). s.Wal. That teeny weeny crumb of 
comfort! RAINE Welsh Singer (srd ed.) 289. GW.Oxf. 1 Brks.i 
I awnly yetted a teeny-tiny bit on't but ut maayde I bad. e.An. 1 
Nrf. A few teeny, witty little things, EMERSON Wild Life (1890) 
17. I.W. 1 He's a poor little teeny buoy. w.Cy. Only teeny 
children and almost babies, HARE Broken Arcs (1898) 47. Som. 
There was a gurt black rock wi' a teeny white chapel on it, 
LEITH Lemon Verbena (1895") 165. Cor. A lot of teeny flags, LEE 
Paul Carah (1898) 107. [Amer. A teenty, teenty speck o' myrrh, 
SLOSSON Foxglove (1898) 16.] 

TEENY, adj. 2 Lan. Fretful, fractious, said of a little 
child. (HALL.), s.Lan. 1 See Teen, sb. 

TEEOCK, sb. Sc. Also in form teeuck. [tiak.] The 
lapwing, Vanellus cn'sfa/us. See Teuchit. 

Teeocks bleatin skimmed alang The gladsome yerth, EDWARDS 

Mod. Poets, 7th S. 246. [SWAINSON Birds (1885) 184.] 

TEEP, see Tape, v. 1 , Teap, sb. 1 

TEEPLE, sb. and v. Abd. (JAM.) [Not known to our 

correspondents.] 1. sb. A slight touch or stroke. 2. v 

To touch or to strike lightly. 

TEER v. Sc. n.Cy. Der. Lei. Nhp. Ken. Also written 

tear n.Cy. Lan. ; tere n.Cy. Nhp. 1 ; and in form tire Lan 

tiafr.] 1. Obs. To daub with clay. n.Cy. (K.), (HALL.) 

tfence Teer-wall, sb. a clay wall. Ken. (K.) 2. To 

smear, daub ; to spread ; to dirty. See Teery. 

Lei. 1 ' Teer the treacle,' spread it on bread. Nhp. 1 Ihe child s 
"ace is teer'd all over with treacle. 
3. To stir the colours for block calico-printing. 
Rnf. A boy or girl employed to teer or stir the colour-sieve 
stretched on a frame at printworks, WALLACE Schoolmaster 
1899) 354. nw.Der. 1 

Hence (i) Teer-boy, (2) Tiring-boy, sb. a boy employed 
to stir the colours in printing cloth, &c. 

(i) Lan. Tear-boys were very common in Lancashire. Their 
duty was to attend upon a block printer by hand one to each 
man, but as printing by machine was developed tear-boys had to 
find other employment (S.W.). (2) Lan. (HALL.) 

TEER, see Tear, v.\ Their. 

TEEREN, sb. Nhb. 1 [trran.] The common tern, 
Sterna hirundo. (s.v. Sea-swallow.) 

TEERIBUS, see Teribus. 

TEER WAR, int. Nhb. 1 A signal that men at the 
bottom of a pit are ready to ascend. 

TEERY, adj. Lei. Nhp. War. Shr. Cor. Also written 
teary Nhp. 2 Cor. 12 ; and in forms tary Cor. 2 ; terry 
War. 12 [tia-ri.] 1. Sticky, smeary; adhesive. See Teer. 

Lei. 1 Handling the sugar will make your hands teery. Nhp. 1 
Handling moist sugar and plums will make the hands teery j 
Nhp. 2 The dressen them ship's made my hands teary. War. 12 

2. Soft, smooth, mellow; soft like dough. Also used advh 
Shr. 1 If yo' putten a spot o' "ot waiter i' the churn, it'll mak' 

the butter work teery. Cor. 12 

3. Of the ground : easy to work. Also used advb. 
Shr. 1 The ground works nice an' teery after the fros'. Cor. 2 

In mining, ground which is easily dugout, because of its numerous 
small joints or fissures. 

TEERY, see Teary, adj? 

TEES, sb. pi. Cum. Yks. [tiz.] 1. Two small pins 
in the tail-board of a cart, which fit into corresponding 
holes in the ' ear-brig.' Cum. 4 See T. 2. Ties ; studs. 

w.Yks. Wee'll meh that arridges o' gode wi' tees o 1 silver, 

LlTTLEDALE CraV. Sflg. Sol. (1859) i. II. 

TEESICKER, sb. Nhb. 1 Also written teeziker. 
[ti'ziksr.] An overpowering quantity ; see below. 

When a man has got a task that overtaxes him, or an overdose 
of medicine or too much drink, it is said, ' He's got a teesicker.' 

TEESIE, sb. Fif. GAM.) A gust of passion. Cf. 
teasy, 2. 

TEESSIT, sb. Bnff. 1 [trsit ] The line first shot 
from a fishing-boat ; the man whose line is first shot. 

TEESTY-TOSTY, see Tisty-tosty. 

TEET, v. and sb. Sc. [tit.] 1. v. To peep ; to peep 
or pry in a sly, clandestine manner. Cf. toot, v.* 

Shi. Peerie Aandrew wis sittin' at Arty's side tryin to teet at 
Liza noo an' agen, BURGESS Sketches (2nd ed.) 75. Cai. 1 Bch. 
I can teet an' hitch about, FORBES Ulysses (1785) 36. Frf. Stowlins 
teetin' wi' a wishfu' e'e, MORISON Poems (1790) 185. Per. Now 
like a timid fawn he teets Amang the woods, STEWART Charactet 

(1857) 120. 

Hence Teet'-bo or Teetie-bo, so. peep-bo ; a game at 
peep-bo. Also used attrib. and fig. 

Sc. (G.W.) Bnff. John Grumphie, teet. teet bo, O willawms, 
whare art thou, jo, TAYLOR Poems (1787) 181. Edb. Play teet-bo 
fra nook to nook, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) 224, ed. 1785. 

2. sb. A stolen glance ; a peep. 

Sc. I saw Eppie stealin' a teet at him, Campbell (1819) I. 331 
QAM.). Cai. 1 

3. Fig. The smallest sound ; the least word. 

Bnff.' He sat i' the neuk wee a face as lang's a rehp, an nae 
ae teet cam oot o's hehd. 

TEET, adj. Or.I. [tit.] Nimble. ELLIS Pronunc. 
(1889) V. 806. 

TEE-TAK-UP-O', sb. Cum. Lin. Also in form tee- 
tak-'em-all n.Lin. 1 A teetotum. 

Cum. 1 (s.v. Dally); Cum. 8 Ashap'standin'uplike a tee-tak-up-o , 
160 : Cum. 4 , n.Lin. 1 

[So called because the player who spins the tee-totum 
so that the side marked T turns up, takes all the stakes. 




The sense of T-lotam is the same ; from L. tdtunt, the 
whole. STRUTT Sports, bk. iv. iv. 6.] 

TEETAMATORTER, see Titter-totter. 

TEETAN, sb. Sh. and Or.I. [trtan.] 1. The meadow 
pipit, Anthus pratensis. 

Or.I. [So called] from its short and feeble note, SWAINSON Birds 
2. The rock pipit, Anthus obscurus. Sh.I. ib. 46. 

TEETAWTER, see Titter-totter. 

TEETEE, sb. Sc. Dor. A total abstainer, a teetotaller. 

Sc. (A. W.) Dor. Converted volks be gen'rally tcetees, AGNUS Jan 
Oxber (1900) 317. 

TEETER, see Titter, v. 

TEETERY, see Titter-totter, Tittery. 

TEETH, sb. pi. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. 1. In comp.(i) Teeth-ache, toothache ; (2) -baler, 
a dentist ; (3) -rife, palatable, toothsome. 

(i) Sh.1. ' Oh ! ' gasped Geordie, ' it's dis confoundit teethache,' 
NICOLSON Ailhstin' Hedder (1898) 14. e.Dur. 1 He's getten the 
teethache. Nrf. For teethache we rub the inside wi' rum, 
EMERSON Wild Life (1890) 96. [Amer. Dial. Notes (1896) I. an.] 
(a) w.Cor. 1 (3) Rxb. (JAM.), Nhb. 1 

2. Phr. (i) the run of one's teeth, free board; see Run, 33; 

(2) to be after teeth, to be cutting teeth ; (3) to be naught but 
teeth and eyes, to be ill-favoured ; (4) to make one's teeth rin 
water, to make one's mouth water ; (5) to tack one's teeth 
into anything, to set about it heartily. 

(il Ir. Other times 'twould be welcome to the run of its teeth 
in the field, BARLOW Shamrock (1901) 353. (a) Dev. If he is 
after teeth, you rub his gums, BARING-GOULD Idylls (1896) 19. 

(3) Win. He's nowt but teeth-an-een (B.K.). (4) Dwn. The smell 
o' them was makin' aiy teeth rin water, LYTTLE Robin Gordon, 47. 
(5) Chs. 1 " (s.v. Tack). 

8. sg. A tooth. 

Cai. 1 Frf., e.Per. I've a sair teeth (W.A.C.). Ayr. What ! 
anither teethie through, AITKEN Lays (1883) 133. Wgt A big 
drainer . . . came to him to have a teeth pulled, SAXON Gall. Gossip 
(1878) 188. 

TEETH, see Teth, sb. 

TEETHE, v. Sc. Also in form teeth. 1. To fix 
teeth in a spiked instrument. 

Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) Ayr. O merry hae I been teethin' a heckle, 
BURNS Merry hae I been, st. I. Bwk. Out through the mark the 
arrows flew, They teeth'd it like a harrow, W. CROCKETT Minstrelsy 
(1893) 153- 

2. Phr. (i) to teethe upon, to make an impression on ; (2) to 
teeth with lime, see below. 

(i) Abd. QAM.) (a) Sc. To build a wall either dry or with clay 
in the inside, using a little lime between the layers of stones 
towards the outside (JAM.). Fif. Stone walls teethed with lime, 
Statist. Ace. XI. 483 (JAM.). 

3. To face ; to venture out of doors. Also with out. 
Bnff. 1 They wirna aible t' teethe the blast. 

TEETHED, ///. adj. Sc. Having teeth ; furnished 
with teeth. 

Dmb. A lang-teethed heckle, CROSS Disruption (1844) xxiii. 
Ayr. The instrument used for reaping in our young days was the 
teethed sickle, WHITE Jottings (1879) 49. 

TEETHFUL, sb. Sc. A toothful, a small quantity of 
any liquid. Cai. To tak a teeth-fu'. 

TEETHING BANNOCK, sb. Sc. [trSin-banak.] A 
cake given to a child when first teething ; see below. 

ne.Sc. The teethin bannock . . . was baked of oatmeal and butter 
or cream, sometimes with the addition of a ring, in presence of 
a few neighbours, and without a single word being spoken by the 
one baking it. When prepared it was given to the child to play 
With till it was broken. A small piece was then put into the 
child's mouth if it had not done so of its own accord. Each one 
present carried away a small portion. Such a bannock was 
supposed to ease the troubles of teething, GREGOR/Y*-Lo(i88i) 
9. Buff. 1 It must be given whole to the infant, who, as a matter of 
course puts it to its mouth and breaks it ; and herein lies the virtue 
o! the bannock to render dentition easy. 

TEETHING-PLASTER, sb. Sc. A cake given to a 
child when first teething; the same as 'Teething-bannock' 
(q.v.). ne.Sc. GRECOR Flk-Lore (1881) 9. 

TEETHLESS, adj. Sc. Toothless. 

Cai. Yer stairvin', teethless grannie, ML.ENNAN Peas. Lift 
(1871) II. 117. Per. He cannot use them all at once More than 
a teethless wife can gnaw hard bones, SMITH Poems (1714) 86, 
ed. 1853. Dmb. She would be ower runkled an' teethless by that 
time, STRANG Lass of Lennox (1899', 167. Edb. An auld teethless 
harrow, a brechem ring rent, MACLAGAN Poems (1851) 174. 
Dmf. Your bloodless cheek an' teethless mou', JOHNSTON Poems 
(i8ao) 133. 

TEETHY, adj. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Lin. Also written 
teathy w.Yks. 14 ne.Lan.' s.Lan. 1 n.Lin. 1 [trtSLj 

1. Fretful, fractious, ' tetchy,' gen. applied to children or 
infants. Cf. toothy. 

N.Cy. 1 (s.v. Teady). w.Yks. 1 Shoe begins to be vara tim'rous 
an keisty, an as teethy as a steg in a yate, ii. 391. Lin. 1 , n.Lin.' 

2. Ill-tempered, peevish, cross ; crabbed ; pugnacious ; 

Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) s.Sc. ' A teethy answer,' a tart reply (JAM.). 
Lnk. She was aye a terrible sherp teethy creatur', FRASER 
Whaups (1895) 157. Rxb. At his expense our teethy faes are fed, 
A. SCOTT Poems (ed. 1808) 160. n.Cy. GROSE (1790). w.Yks. 
A question is asked whether the old man . . . will come down 
to-day, when the remark is, that he is very teethy, HAMILTON 
Nugae Lit. (1841) 311 ; w.Yks. 8 * ne.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Lln. 

3. Having many or large teeth ; biting; given to biting. 
Sc. (JAM. Suppt.) Rnf. With hero's heart and teethy jaw, 

Nane like him could badger draw, WEBSTER Rhymes (1835) 136. 

TEETICK, sb. Sh.I. Also written tietick and in 
form teetuck. [tl'tik, -ak.] 1. The meadow pipit, 
Anthus pratensis. 

Alauda pratensis, Tee-tick, Tit-lark, EDMONDSTON Zetl. (1809) 
II. 336 (JAM.) ; SWAINSON Birds ( 1885) 45 ; S. & Ork. 1 

2. The rock pipit, Anthus obscurus. SWAINSON ib. 46. 

TEETLIN, sb. Cai. 1 [trtlin.] 1. The meadow pipit, 
Anthus pratensis. 2. The rock pipit, A. obscurus. 

TEE-TOLLY, sb. Cum. Wm. Also in form tee-tully 
Cum. 4 [tr-toli ; -tuli.j A teetotum ; a small top spun 
with the fingers. 

LakeL", Cum. (J.D.) Wm. Make us a tee-tolly, please (B.K.). 

TEETOTAL, sb. Sc. Dur. Yks. Lan. Lin. Dor. Also 
written teetottle Dor.; and in form tue-tot Rnf. [trtotl.] 
A teetotaller, a total abstainer ; teetotalism, esp. in phr. 
to join or sign teetotal. Also used attrib. 

ne.Sc. Neither the ' teetotal,' nor the ' templars,' nor his pledge 
to Mr. Love had cured Scorgie, GREEN Gordonhaven (1887) 113. 
Per. I maun join the Teetotal, STEWART Character (1857) '49. 
Rnf. Tee-Tots wi' their lecturing lash us, CLARK Rhymes (1843) 
16. Call. They join teetotal because when they taste they gane 
mad wi't entirely, IRVING Lays (1873) 330. Wgt. Teetotal will 
prevail in spite of all the durt in h 1, FRASER Wigtown (1877) 
308. Dur. Thoo'll hev nee objection if I sign teetotal, GUTHRIE 
Kitty Fagan (1900) 165. w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. My owd grandam 
sent me out wi' th' teetotals on Whit Monday, ANTROBUS Wilders- 
moor (1901) 309. Lin. You know, mother, I'm a teetotal now 
(R.E.C.). Dor. I'm teetottle myself, Cornh. Mag. (Sept. 1900) 308. 

TEETOTAL, adj. Sc. Irel. Lan. Chs. Amer. [trtotl.j 
Perfect, complete, entire ; used as an intensitive. 

n.Ir. The Divil knowin' ... his teetotal want av contrition, Lays 
and Leg. (1884) 69. s.Lan. 1 He's a teetotal foo'. 

Hence Teetotally, adv. totally, quite. 

Lnk. I'm doonricht teetotally bauld, MURDOCH Doric Lyn(iB^) 
103. Lth. ' Darling' was, both for go and beauty, an out and outer, 
teetotally, LuMSDENSA^-A(/(i893) 330. s.Lan. '.Chs. 13 [Amer! 
I'm teetotally ershamed of ye, Dave, Cent. Mag. (Mar. 1885) 680 ]' 

TEETOTALLER, sb. Cum. 4 The small tortoise-shell 
butterfly, Vanessa urtica. 

TEETOTUM, v. Dev. [trtotom.] To wheel or whirl 
about ; to twist round. Also usedy?^. 

There was times when he teetotummed round past Christian 
patience, ZACK On Trial (1899) 131; He's been teetotuming in 
and out of the house the livelong day, ib. 46. 

TEE-TOUCH-WOOD, sb. Obs. Lan. A children's 
game. See Tig, v. 

Another party engaged in the games of prison-bars, tee-touch- 
wood, THORNBER Hist. Blackpool (1837) 90. 

TEETY, TEEUCK, see Teaty, Teeock. 

TEEV, TEEVA, TEEVER, see Tiver. 




TEEVOO, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written tevoo. A male 
flirt. Sc. MACKAY. Gall. MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). 

TEEWHEEP, sb. Or.I. Also in form teewhoap. 
The lapwing or peewit, Vanellus cristatus. See also 
Tewit, &c. 

The Teewhoap, which from the sound it utters, has the name 
of the teewhoap here, BARRY Hist. (1805) 307 (JAM.); SWAINSON 
Birds (1885) 184 ; S. & Ork. 1 

TEE-WHEET, TEEYUM, see Tewit, Toom. 

TEEZLE, v. Obs. n.Cy. In phr. to teesle wool, to pull 
it asunder with the fingers. GROSE (1790). Cf. tease, v. 2. 

TEFT, v. Hmp. Wil. [teft.] To try the weight of 
anything by poising it in the hand. Prob. a corruption 
of 'to heft.' Cf. heft, v. 1 0. 

Hmp. 1 Wil. Teft this, wul ye ? BRITTON Beauties (1825) ; Wil. 1 
'What heft do you think this bundle is?' 'I don't know, let's teft it.' 

TEG, sb. In gen. dial, use in midl. and s. counties. 
Also in form tig Glo. 1 [teg.] 1. A yearling sheep 
before it has been shorn. Also in comb. Ewe teg, Wether 
teg. See Tag, sb* 

Stf., Der. (J.K.), Der. 2 , Not. 1 Lei. 1 A Iamb becomes a 'teg* 
about the first Michaelmas after its birth, and remains so till after 
the second shearing. Nhp. 1 The Ewe or female lamb, after 
Michaelmas or going to turnips, till the first shear-day, is called a 
Ewe teg. The Wether or male lamb after Michaelmas is a Wether 
teg. The yearling sheep after shear-day is called a Teg (s.v. 
Sheep). War. 23 *, s.War. 1 , w.Wor. 1 , s.Wor. 1 , se.Wor. 1 , Shr. 1 
Glo. One o' the tegs wur a-took middling, BUCKMAN Darke's 
Sojourn (1890) 138; (A.B.); Glo. 12 Oxf. 1 MS. add. Brks. 1 
Bdf. (J.W.B.) ; The winter keep of tegs, whether consisting of 
turnips or grass, BATCHELOR Agric. (1813) 93. Hrt. ELLIS Mod. 
Hush. (1750) IV. iv. w.Mid. (W.P.M.), Ken. 1 , Sur. 1 Sns. Tegs, 
lambs of last yeaning, YOUNG Annals Agric. (1784-1815) XI. 197. 
Hmp. 1 , Wil. (W.C.P.), n.Wil. (E.H.G.), Dor. 1 Som. Yo can buy 
good tegs and wethers at a half a crown a piece, AGRIKLER Rhymes 
(1872) 65. e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). w.Som. 1 [Sheep bear 
the name of lamb until 8 months old, after which they are ewe 
and wether teggs until once clipped, STEPHENS Farm Bk. (ed. 
1849) I. 213.] 

Hence Teg-man, sb. a shepherd. 

Wil. 1 1 am a teg-man (or shepherd) in the employ of Mr. White, 
Wil. Cy. Mirror (Oct. 28, 1892) 8, col. 5. 

2. The fleece of a yearling sheep. Also in comb. Teg's- 
wool or Teg-wool. 

Nhp. 1 The fleeces of the first shearings amongst wool-dealers 
are called indiscriminately Tegs or Hogs (s.v. Sheep). Shr. 1 The 
wool known as teg's-wool is distinguished by a little curl at the 
end, which that of an after-shearing never has. w.Som. 1 This 
word is not so often applied to the sheep as ' hog,' but more freq. 
to the wool Teg-wool being the same as hog-wool, i. e. wool of 
a year and a half's growth. 

TEGGY, adj. Ess. Foggy, damp. (W.W.S.) 

TEGIOUS, TEGTAIL, see Tedious, Tecktail. 

TEH, see Thee, pers. pron., Thou, Thy. 

TEICHER, v. and sb. Sc. Nhb. Also in forms teigher 
Nhb. 1 ; ticher Sc. GAM.); tieheer Nhb. 1 ; tigher Bwk. 
(JAM.) [tr x ar, ti' X 3r.] 1. v. To ooze from the skin ; to 
distil almost imperceptibly. 

s.Sc. When the skin is slightly cut it is said to ' teicher and 
bluid ' when the quantity of blood effused is scarcely sufficient to 
form a drop (JAM.). Bwk. Applied to blood and other liquids 
(16.). Nhb. 1 Gen. used in the participial form, ' teicherin.' A 
newly-broken skin on which matter is just forming is said to be 
teicherin, as when maggots are on the skin of a sheep, or when 
a watery humour issues from a wounded place. 
2. sb. The appearance of a fretted sore. Rxb. HAM.) 

TEIDSOME, see Teddisome. 

TEIGHT,//.. Lnk. (JAM.) [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] Fatigued. 

TEIL, y. Obs. Wxf. 1 To ail, to be amiss. 

Fade teil thee, zo lournagh, co Joane, zo knaggee? [What ails 
you so melancholy, quoth John, so cross?] 84. 

TEIL, TEIM, TEIN, see Teal, sb., Teem, v.\ Teen, sb* 

TEIND, sb. and v. Sc. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Also in forms 
teen Dmb. Ayr. n.Cy. Cum. 1 * 4 ; teend e.Yks. ; tein n.Sc.; 
tiend Sc. [tlnd, tin.] 1. sb. A tithe 5 a tenth part pay- 
able to the Church. Also used Jig. 

Sc. It may be a grant of kirklands and teinds, SCOTT Nigel (1824) 

xxxi. Sh.I. To Urie the udallers came with the ' teinds ' or tithes 
they had to pay, JAKOBSEN Dial. (1897) 4. n.Sc. There's nane 
that comes to glide greenwood But pays to me a tein, BUCHAN 
Ballads (1828) I. 235, ed. 1875. ne.Sc. Every seven years they 
[i. e. the Fairies] had to pay ' the teind to hell,' and this they 
endeavoured to do by a human being rather than by one of 
themselves, GREGOR Flk-Lore (1881) 5. e.Sc. Sooner or later 
they that follow the sea maun pay their teind, STRAIN Elmslie's 
Drag-net (1900) 208. Frf. The . . . parsonage teinds of the lands 
of Halcortowne and mill lands thereof, WRIGHT Gideon Guihrie 
(1900) 148. Dmb. He is raizin a plea against the laird for sum- 
thing they call the teens, CROSS Disruption (1844) xiii. Ayr. 
Claiming out of the teinds an augmentation of my stipend, GALT 
Ann. Parish (1821) xxvii ; What would be the sense o' listening 
to lang sermons, payin' teens, and a' the rest? JOHNSTON Glen- 
buckie (1889) 100. e.Lth. The teinds didna belang to the kirk ava, 
but the nation, HUNTER y. Inwick (1895) 162. 
2. Comb, (i) Teind-barn, a tithe-barn ; (2) -collecting 
day, the day on which the tithes are collected ; (3) -free, 
exempt from the payment of tithes ; (4) -lamb, -pig, &c., 
a tithe lamb or pig, &c. ; (5) -leath, see (i) ; (6) -sheaves, 
sheaves payable as tithes ; (7) -skate, obs., a skate or fish 
payable as tithes. 

(i) n.Cy. GROSE (1790). Cum. 2 (a) Sh.I. Old teind-collecting 
day. Still noticed in Northmavine, Manson'sSh. Aim. (1893). (3) 
Sc. QAM.) (4) Sc. His head mouldy, his tiend lamb and pig all 
scouthered, Magopico (ed. 1836) 16. (5) n.Cy. (HALL.), Cnm.* 4 

(6) Sc. An easy tack of the teind-sheaves, SCOTT Monastery (1820) 
xxxiii. Frf. The tiend sheaves, WRIGHT Gideon Guthrie (1900) 
148. Lnk. The tiend-sheaves or parsonage-tiends of the foresaid 
lands of Kippelrig, WODROW Ch. Hist. (1721) II. 76, ed. 1828. 

(7) Fif. He'd sooner fling them [fish] back i' the sea Than gi'e ae 
teind-skate to the bishop, TENNANT Papistry (1827) 13. 

8. Phr. Court of Teinds, the court of law dealing with the 
tithes of the Established Church of Scotland. Also called 
Teind Court. 

Sc. When a clergyman considers his stipend too small, he may 
institute a suit in the Court of Teinds for having it increased, 
OUTRAM Lyrics (1887) 75. w.Sc. He was also thoroughly up in 
the mysteries of the Teind Court, MACDONALD Settlement (1869) 
65, ed. 1877. 
4. v. Obs. To tithe. 

Bnff. From the time that teinding is finished, CRAMOND Cullen 
Ann. (1888) 97. Lnk. When their cornes are shorne, stoukd, 
dead, and dry, They cannot get them teinded, LITHGOW Poet. Rem. 
(1618-60) Scotland's Welcome, ed. 1863. e.Yks. Not to suffer 
them [some fleeces] to be teended, BEST Rur. Econ. (1641) 26. 

[1. ON. tiund, a tithe. 4. fiunda, to pay tithes, or have 
one's property taxed for tithe (VIGFUSSON).] 

TEIND, see Tind, Tine, sb. 1 , v? 

TEIST, sb. Abd. GAM.) [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] A handful. 

TEISTIE, sb. Sc. Nrf. Also in forms taiste Or.I. 
GAM.) ; testie ne.Sc. ; tiestie Sh.I. ; tyst(e S. & Ork. 1 
Cai. 1 Nrf.; tystie Sc. S. Ork. 1 The black guillemot, 
Una grylle. 

Sc. Hear the maws and tystie's roar abune, EDWARDS Mod. 
Poets, 7th S. 248. Sh.I. He turned as fat as a tiestie and as round 
as a pellick, STEWART Tales (1893) 27; S. & Ork. 1 Or.I. SWAIN- 
SON Birds (1885) 218; The taiste or black guillemote builds her 
nest in the cliffs', Statist. Ace. XX. 264 (JAM.). ne.Sc. The black 
guillemot (Una grylle), or, as it is there called, the Testie, SMITH 
Sea Fowls in Moray Firth, in Zoologist (1850) VIII. 2913. Cai. 1 
Nrf. COZENS-HARDY Broad Nrf. (1893) 50. 

[ON. heist or peisti, Mod. N. teiste, the sea-pigeon, Uriel 
grylle (VIGFUSSON).] 

TEITY, adj. s.Chs. 1 [tei'ti.] Squeamish. Also in 
comp. Teity-stomached. 

Ee)z su des-purt teyti-stum-ukt, yu)kn gy'et nuwt uz diiz forim. 

TEJOUS, see Tedious. 

TEK, sb. Sh.I. [tek.] A dog. See Tike, sb. 1 

Tak' a hair o' the tek that belt dee, SPEHCE Flk-Lore (1899) 225. 

TEK, see Take, Teak, sb. 1 

TELEGRAFT, v. and sb. Sc. Yks. Lan. Not. Lin. Rut. 
Dor. Amer. Also written telegrapht Lin. ; and in forms 
talegrapht Not. ; talligraft s.Lan. 1 [te'li-, ta'ligraft] 
1. v. To telegraph. 

w.Yks. (J.W.), s.Lan. 1 Not I never heard of talegraphting 




coffins, sir, PRIOR Renie (1895) 46. Lin. I'm not much for writin" 
so I went to th'poUst office an" she [post-mistress] telegraphted to 
him (E.P.). [Amer. He'll put in up above, and tclegraft to Boston, 
Cent. Mag. (Oct. 1902) 865.] 
2. sb. A telegram. Also used allrib. 

e.Sc. To send awa' a telegraft message, STRAIN Elmslie's Drag- 
net (1900^ 370. Rut. 1 I reckons that the old beacon wur a tele- 
graft. It says in the history as how they was invented by Potelmy. 
Dor. I have had a graft, my dear, a telegraft, FRANCIS Fianders 
Widow (1901) pt. n. ix. 

TELESCOPE, sb. Yks. A kaleidoscope. n.Yks. (I.W.) 
TELEWAG, sb. Lan. Dor. Also in form taliwag 
e.Lan. 1 fte'li-, ta-liwag.l A telegram; a telegraph wire. 
Lan. It ud cost him a deeal o' brass, I reckon, if he wur t'come 
on th' telewag, BRIERLEY Cotters, xvii. e.Lan. 1 Dor. Tis tha 
[wires] da car the telewags, YOUNG Rabin Hill (1867) i. 
TELFER, see Tilfer. 

TE-LICK., adv. Cum. In phr. te-lick, te-smack, as fast 
as possible, ' helter-skelter.' 

It's Robbie ; . . te-lick, te-smack. . . They are coming down 
jumping, leaping, flying, CAINE Shad. Clime (1885) 301 ; Cum. 1 
Gen. applied to persons in the act of running ; Cnm. 4 

TELL, v. and sb. Var. dial, forms and uses in Sc. 
Irel. Eng. and Amer. [tel.] I. v. Gram, forms. 1. 
Preterite: (i) Tald, (2) Tau'd, (3) Taul, (4) Tauld, (5) 
Tawld, (6) Teld, (7) Telled, (8) Tell't, (9) Telt, (10) Tild, 
(u) Tole, (12) Tolth, (13) Toould, (14) Toud. (15) Toul, 
(16) Tould, (17) Towd, (18) Towld, (19) Towlt, (20) Twould. 
(i) Sc. (JAM.) Ayr. He laid mysel, BURNS Dr. Blacklock (1789) 
St. a. Lth. I tald to her the hale affair, THOMSON Poems (1819) 28. 
Edb. I ... tald her a' my pain, MACAULAY Poems (1788) 122. (a) 
Dwn. A tau'd ye this wud be yer game, SAVAGE-ARMSTRONG Ballads 
(1901) 119. (3) ne.Sc. Here's the man it taul a", GREGOR Flk-Lore 
(1881) 14. Abd. He taul' me that it sent them up, ALEXANDER 
Johnny Gibb (1871) xi. (4) Sc. (JAM.) ; My father tauld me sac 
forty years sin, SCOTT Midlothian ( 1818) viii ; MURRAY Dial. (1873) 
208. Kcd. The shepherd tauld his queerest tale, JAMIE Effusions 
(1849) 55. Ayr. The Souter tauld his queerest stories, BURNS 
Tarn o' Shanter (1790) 1. 49. Gall. SCOTT Gleanings (1881) 53. 
Dwn. Niwer een in fiel' or toun Tauld a love sae deep as they, 
SAVAGE-ARMSTRONG Ballads (1901) 25. (5) Dev. He tawld me 
'bout it, PHILLPOTTS Striking Hours (1901) 52. (6) w.Yks. WRIGHT 
Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 142. Der. 2 , Not. 1 , Lei. 1 , Hnt. (T.P.F.) 
(7) Sc. MURRAY Dial. (1873) 208. Sh.I. Young Lowrie Legaboot 
tell'd me sae, STEWART Tales (1892) 71. Per. I tell'd ye afore, 
Sandy Scott (1897) 86. Twd. I don't know who telled you, 
BUCHAN Weather (1890) 93. Slk. I telled her the story, THOMSON 
Drummeldalt (1901) 19. Dmf. My mither tell'd me, SHENNAN 
Tales (1831) 158. n.Cy. (J.W.) Nhb. She tell'd how after o the 
grandeur oh this it mhead ne mater, BEWICK Tyneside Tales (1850) 
14. Dur. 1 , n.Yks. 3 , ne. Yks. 1 35, e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 He telld me, ii. 
319 ; w.Yks. 34 Lan. I just telled Williams I'd had enough, Long- 
man's Mag. (Feb. 1890) 395. s.Lan. 1 , Der. 1 Not. I telled her so, 
PRIOR Forest Flk. (1901) 17. n.Lln. 1 Th' almanac man tell'd me 
on it. se.Lin. (J.T.B.) sw.Lln. 1 He tell'd me so his-sen. Nhp. 2 , 
s.Wor. (H.K.) Shr., Hrf. The common usage, BOUND Provinc. 
(1876). Glo. I telled un, BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn (1890) ii. 
Oxf. She only laughed when I telled her that (G.O.). Brks. 1 
Dor. Her telled I she mun go over to the doctor, HARE Dinah 
Kellotu (1901) 19. Dev. Her telled she her shudd'n du't, BOWRIKG 
Lang. (1866) 27. Cor. I tell'd un that night, HARRIS Wheal Veor 
(1901) 59. (8) Cat 1 Abd. Gien ye tell't me, that wad mak a' the 
differ, MACDONALD Sir Gibbie (1879) xxvi. Per. He tell't me 
yestreen, AITKEN Enochdhu (1901) 26. Lnk. Wha tell't it the 
roadt NICHOLSON Idylls (1870) 16. Gall. I tell't my way o't, 
Gallovidian (1901) II. 123. Nhb. The yen I tell't ye aboot, PEASE 
Mark o' Deil (1894) 134. Dnr. She tell't me to do that too, 
Longman's Mag. (Oct. 1896) 586. (9) Ayr. Dr. Congalton teltthe 
schulemaistcr, JOHNSTON Congalton (1896) 10. Wgt. Don't say 
that A telt ye, FRASER Wigtown (1877) 84. Cum. 3 Willie furst 
telt them, 43. Wm. He telt her what ed happened, BRIGGS 
Remains (1825) 140. n.Yks. 2 , m.Yks. 1 , n.Lan. 1 , s.Not. (J.P.K.) 
(10) m.Yks. 1 Introd, 42. (n) Der. I want the gowd, as Dick tole 
ye, OUIDA Putk \ed. 1901) vii. Dev. He .. . tole me to come an' 
let 'ee knavv, NORWAY Parson Peter (1900) 28. [Amer. He tole 
me to go 'long home, JOHNSTON Middle Georgia (1897) 159.] (12) 
Wxf. 1 (13) I.W. 1 (14) e.Lan. 1 Der. I tou'd hur that I lov*d hur, 
M.A. Poems (1668) 29. Shr., Hrf. BOUND Pravinc. (1876). Sur. 
I toud a chap, BICKLEY Sur. Hills (1890) II. xv. (15) Don. His 
mother toul' him to go out, MACMA.NUS Bend o/ Road (i8gff) 44. (16) 

Ir. If you tould him, BARLOW Martin's Comp. (1896) 17. Cor. He 
tould th' ould doctor, HARRIS Wheal Vcor (1901) 170. (17) Lan. 
Aw towd the captain raise), CLEGG David's Loom (1894) 157. 
s.Lan. 1 Der. As I lowd yo' afore, GILCHRIST Peak/and (1897) 35. 
Lin. An' a lowd ma my sins, TENNYSON N. Farmer, Old Style 
(1864) st. 3. Shr. Todley Turn was a good while afore he towd 
him, BURNE Flk-Lore (1883) xiv. Nrf. I up and I towd missus, 
SPILLING Molly Miggs (1903) 9. (18) Ir. The story ye towld us 
wanst about the Indian custom, Blackw. Mag. (Aug. 1822) 197. 
Yks. Mind what thee father towld thee, DYKE Craiktrets (1897) 23. 
(19) Ir. I towlt them that I found it in wan o' the volumes, Blackw. 
Mag. (Aug. 1822) 197. (20) Wil. SLOW Gl. (1892). 
2. Pp.: (i) Taul, (a) Tauld, (3) Teld, (4) Telled, (5) 
Tellen, (6) Tell't, (7) Telt, (8) Tild, (9) Toad, (10) Tohd, 
(ii) Toul, (12) Towd, (13) Towld, (14) Twold. 

(i) Abd. I've taul ye aft ancuch, MURRAY Hamewith (1900) 85. 
(a) Sc. A' the truth shou'd na be tauld, RAMSAY Prov. (1737). 
Frf. Come in whan ye're tauld, REID Healherland (1894) 61. 
Ayr. I'm tauld ye're driving rarely, BURNS Dream (1786) st. 10. 
Gall. There tales were tauld, SCOTT Gleanings (1881) 52. (3) 
n.Yks. Sum kahnd frinnd had teld him, CASTILLO Poems (1878) 
19. w.Yks. WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 142. Lan. She can't 
bide to be teld of her fauts, EAVESDROPPER ViU. Life (1869) 79. 
e.Lan. 1 , Der. 2 , Not. 1 , Lei. 1 (4) Sc. MURRAY Dial. (1873) 208. 
Flf. I had no sooner telled her, MELDRUM Grey Mantle (1896) 
292. Twd. Let it be telled a' ower the toun, BUCHAN Burnet 
(1898^ 150. Nhb. If I'd telled ye that he'd tummled into the burn, 
LILBURN Borderer (1896) 335. Dur. 1 , ne.Yks. 1 35, e.Yks. 1 , 
w.Yks. 1234 Lan. Tales 'at aw've alreddy telled, STANDING 
Echoes (1885) n. s.Lan. 1 Der. She's telled tha play-actors, 
OUIDA Puck (ed. 1901) viii. Lin. Moother 'ed tell'd ma to bring 
tha down, TENNYSON Owd Rod (1889). n.Lln. 1 , sw.Lin. 1 , Nhp. 2 
Glo. I've telled Michael, GISSING ViU. Hampden (1890) I. i. 
Brks. 1 e.Sus. Gin you'd telled that chap, Longman's Mag. 
(July 1898) 261. Dev. The secret what he hed so careful telled 
to me, Pall Mall Mag. (Feb. 1900) 158. (5) w.Yks. 5 (s.v. 
Shotten). e.Dev. Look'ee, have thee tellen she on't? JANE 
Lordship (1897) 226. (6) Cai. Noo 'at I've tell't ye a', HORNE 
Countryside (1896) 127. Ayr. She was tell't to tak her withcr- 
shins nine times through a hesp o' unwatered yarn, SERVICE 
Notandums (1890) loo. n.Ir. A wush ye had a tell't me suiner, 
LYTTLE Paddy McQuillan, 13. Wm. I've tell't thee afoor, OLLIVANT 
Owd Bob (1898) 19. (7) Slg. I'm telt he gaed straucht to the 
polis office, FERGUSSON Village (1893) 135. Ayr. She jealoused 
that I had telt you, GALT Gilhaize (1823"! xvii. Rxb. I'm telt 
there's naebody that'll bide intil't, DIBDIN Border Life (1897) 15. 
Uls. You might have telt me sooner, HAMILTON Bog (1896) in. 
Nhb. Aw've telt the young cheps, ROBSON Bk. Ruth (1860) xi. 9. 
Cum. By Jingo, somebody's telt ye, E. C. News (Apr. 15, 1893) 8. 
n.Yks. Ah've telt tha all as fused te be, TWEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes 
( l8 75) 5- n.Lan. I've telt you before partly what there is, WILSON 
Bacca Queen (1901) 9. (8) m.Yks. 1 Introd. 43. (9) Ess. 1 (10) 
n.Lin. 1 (n) n.Ir. I've been toul' By oul' Widdy Gallagher, Lays 
and Leg. (1884) 5. (12) s.Lan. 1 se.Lan. Dunna let on as Aw've 
towd yo', Cornh. Mag. (Dec. 1898) 839. Der. As I've been towd, 
GILCHRIST Nicholas (1899) 7. (13) Sur. So I'se bin towld, 
BICKLEY Sur. Hills (1890) I. xiii. Cor. I've towld the passon 
mine, dame, Blackw. Mag. (Jan. 1862) 7. (14) Glw. That story 
is asy twold, BARRINGTON Sketches (1830) III. xvii. Dor. I've 
twold nobody down to Barleigh about it, AGNUS Jan Oxber 
(1900) 173. 

II. Dial. uses. 1. v. In phr. (i) d'ye tell o't! an excla- 
mation of surprise, ' you don't say so ! ' (2) not to tell, not 
to be told, not to be surmised or guessed at ; (3) tell me ! 
see below ; (4) tell thee, or / tell thee, what, an expression 
used to commence a statement ; see below ; (5) tell your 
Sam, to put to one's account when ready money is not 
given ; (6) to tell a speech, to say a sentence or connected 
phrase ; (7) a (ate, (a) to produce an effect, to have 
consequences ; (b) to answer well, to have a good effect ; 
(8) a tell, to say a word, to speak ; (9) in, to fill up ; 
(10) of, to give evidence of, used jig. ; (ii) on, (a) to 
inform against, betray ; to tell tales ; (b) to speak of; (12) 
one his own, to speak freely; (13) ones name, used 
with neg.; see below; (14) out, to exorcise, to remove 
by spells or charms ; (15) the bees, to inform the bees 
of the occurrence of a death in the family ; see Bee, sb. 
1.2(8); (16) /o, (a) to tell about; to speak of a thing from 
personal knowledge ; (b) to tell any one where to find a 

__ __ __ _ 

thing (17) -up, (a] to relate, to narrate with some idea 
of exaggeration underlying! also used subst. ; (6) to con- 
fess ; (18) - up stuff, to talk nonsense. 

'a can play the peanner, so tis said. 


1,4) w.i.=. ~" .1 tell tha what ! ma 
'I tell ee hot 'tis, I do zee purty plain, you ve a go a darn sig ; i 

fiSqO 10 (9) n.Yks. Apples tells in fast (I.W.). (10) w.Som. 
Wuul i vue aa-v udras- dhik vee'ul u graew-n prau-pur, ee ul 
toul oa u y t pur tee kwik, aa-1 wau-rn un [Well ! you have dressed 
hat field thoroughly, it 'will show the effects of ,t very quickly, 
I'll warrant it]. Dev. Rtporls Provmc. (.882) 22. (ii.a) Abd 
Yewinno tell on's ? Abd. Wkly. Free Press (Oct. ,2, 1901). Frf. 
I had vexed him by my lang silence. I wadna tell on ye, PATON 
Inveresk (1896) 126 Edb. Bobe . . . used to get mair than his lair 
share o' the tawse as it was, without my tellin' on him, CAMPBELL 
Deilie Jockf 1897) 16. w.Yks. But isteead o tellin on ma, h- 
fook ma tul a |lass, SPEIGHT Craven Highlands (1892) 144. Lan 
(F R C ) Lon. Don't tell on me this time, People (Sept. i, ibo 9 ) 
6 ' [Amer. She made him promise he'd never tell on her, Lent 
Mas (Ian 1883) 369.! (6) w.Yks. ' Wor ther a lot o fowk at 
Serif"' 'Nowgk to tell on,' Leeds Merc. Suppl (Dec. IO , 
1898). Lan. In days that owd folk tell on, HARLAND & WILKIN- 
SON Flk-Lore (1867) 60. (12) Dor. (W.C.) Cor.The firs. .Monday 
after Twelfth-day . . . young people . . . disguised, . . visit their 
neighbours in companies, where they dance, and make jokes upon 
what has happened during the year, and every one is humorously 
' told their own,' without offence being taken, HUNT Pop, Rom. 
w.Eng. (1865) 392, ed. 1896. (13) Don. I would't tell me name 
for the couple o' scraps he's peggin' on them [boots]. Hoots ! ay, 
indeed! MACMANUS BendofRoad (1898) 101. (14) Sh.I. Burning 
and toothache were 'told out' by uttering over the patient 
certain formulas of words in Norse, only known to the speaker, 
SPENCE Flk-Lore (1899) 158; Persons who professed the healing 
art, such as 'telling oof toothache or ringworm, tb. 26; the 
religious charmer of Shetland would mutter some words over 
water in imitation of the practice of the Catholic priest, and the 
elementwasnamed'forespokenwater' : ..boatswerethenspnnkled 
with it, and limbs were washed with it, for the purpose of telling 
out pains, HIBBERT Desc. Sh. I. (1822) 272, ed. 1891. (15) Wm. 
(B K ) Hrf. (E.M.W.) Sus. Longman's Mag. (July 1889) 269. 
(16, a) Not. 1 Lei. 1 Will you tell the master to this threepence ? 
' Had you ever seen defendant before ? ' ' Not as Ah could tell 
tew.' War. 3 (4) s.Chs. 1 (17, a) Oxf. No time to hearken lo 
. any such tell-up, BLACKMORE Cripps (1876) vii. WU. 1 I mind 
thur wur a lot on 'em thur from Ca'an [Calne] as wur a tellin' up 
zuch tales as was never about the Cannin's vawk, 214. Dor. Do 
ee tell oop how it all corned about, HARE Vill. Street (1895) 124. 
Som. I don't listen to all everybody do tell up, RAYMOND Sam 
and Sabina (1894) 95. e.Dev. Some of which letter may have 
been a mere telling up, but no matter, JANE Lordship (1897) 310. 
Cor. You could tell that up in Devonshire, a Cornish equivalent 
for telling things ' to the marines,' CAHILL Wheal Certainty (1890) 
105. (6) Dor. I can't bear et no longer ; I mun tell up what 
a wicked lass I've a-bin, HARE Dinah Kellow (1901) 250. (18) 
w.Som. 1 ' Do not talk nonsense ' Is usually ' Don't tell up such stuff.' 
2. Comb, (i) Tell-clack, (2) -clat, (3) -pie or -pye, (4) 
-pienot, (5) -piet or -plot, (6) -pie tit, a tale-bearer; (7) 
-post, a direction or finger-post; (8) -tale, the engine- 
man's index as to the position of the cage in the shaft 

VVlH-li " iti.i""Q j \ ^/ 

(A.B.C.), Dev. 3 , Cor. 1 

3 To count ; to reckon up. Also with on and over. 
Sc He . pulled out a small bag of gold and ... P^eded to 
telf outYhe contents, SCOTT Nigel (1822) iv. Frf. They tellM ,1k. cu 
"at they ty'd up, Piper of Peebles (iw} 7- tab. Now ye 11 

tells to fourteen pun, BLAMIRE Poems (1842) 215. f^j^^ ' 
n Yks i n Yks. 2 Tak tent o' thah brass an tell t. Tell d ower, 
counted'or told ; n.Yks.*, e.Yks. 1 m.Yks.i'GoandtelUheewelambs 
over I am afraid one of 'them ismissing.' < I can't tellonthem now; 
it's ower dark.' w.Yks. (C.C.R.) Lan- So the moneys collected 

We'll" tell them D over,'"a BEAUCHAMP N. Hamilton (1875^ I. 258- 
W o. Have you told the sheep I (A.B.) Brks. 1 Tell them ther ship 
'ooll e an' let I knaw how many ther be on urn. e.An. 1 Nrf. 
DoarA vow tell yer chickens afore yer hatch 'em PATTERSON Man 
and Nat (1^5} 123 ; (W.R.E.) Suf. Did you tell the clock when 
ft struck MM 5 E.R 3 );Suf. 1 Ess. I told the clock every hour of 
the night (W.W.M). Ken.l Here's the money will you tel it 
out on g the table! Sur. 1 Sus. 1 Otherwhiles I be forced to tel 
the ship over six and seven times before I can get 'em right. Hmp. 1 
s Hmp. I told the clock, I believe, every hour all night, VERNEY 
L Lisle (1870) xiii. Som. (F.A.A.) w.Som. 1 Hau-n yue bee 
aak-st oaurt muyn yiie au-vees tuul vuyv voa-r ^yue du spaik 
[When you be asked anything, mind you count five, before you 
speak]. Cor. 1 " 

Hence Teller, sb. a counter, one who counts. 

Nrf. Merchants/fishermen, tellers, &c., &c, . . all of em geUm 
more or less benefited by one little fish, PATTERSON Man and fiat. 

(l 4 8 . 9 To 2 Jay or pay down ; to count down in payment. 

A S If 'SlinTdown my haill substance would have saved her, 
SCOTT Midlothian (18,8) x. Bch. They must tell down good five 
pounds Scots, FORBES Dominie (1785) 31- Frf. S he down the 
clink did tell MORISON Poems (1790) r. Far. He would have 
telled doun twelve pounds Scots, SPENCE Poems 1898) 192. Som 
Biddlecombe drew a bag from his pocket and told the money out 
in gold, RAYMOND Gent. Upcott (1893) 11. 
5 To recognize; to distinguish, know ; in gen. colloq-use. 
Frf. A braw cork leg that canna be telt frae flesh an blind, 
WILLOCK Hastily Ends (1886) 6, ed. 1889. n.Cy. (J.W.) n Yks. 
Ah couldn't tell him so far off (L W.V, n.Yk.. ' ~-^ em s 
varry good 'uns ti tell. e.Yks. 1 MS. add (T.H.) w.Yks. I 
couldn't tell him, an I sa him, ii. 192. e.ian.\ s.Lan. 1 He conno 
tell a bitter-bump fro' a gill-hooter, 34. n-Lm. 1 Oxf. 1 MS. add. 
Hnt. (T.P.F.), w.Som. 1 

6. To remember ; to recall to mind. 

Cum. 1 I can tell sen' ther' was n't sec a thing as a shorthorn , 
Cum." w.Yks.' I can tell sin there war naa turnpike ower t moor. 

7. To repeat ; to say by heart. 

Cor. 1 Can you tell your lessons ? Cor. 3 ' Can 'ee tell your ABC 
yet, Willie ? ' To tell the Lord's prayer. 

8. To talk, speak, say. 

Dor.Whatyoutoldabout = spokeabout(G.M.M.). w.Som. 1 He 

do tell in his sleep ter'ble. Do what I wid I couldn get n vor to 
tell a word. Dev. Vs behind telling tu Mr. Baker, HEWETT Peas. 
Sp. (1892) 21 ; Dev. 1 A told way en as thoft a war telling to a 
Christian, 2. n.Dev. There's no direct to hot tha tellst, Lxm 
Scold. (1746) 1. 150. nw.Dev. 1 Cor. What are 'ee a-tellen o 
LEE Widow Woman (1899) 34. 

9. To advise, warn ; to give advice ; to scold, reprove ; 
to 'give a piece of one's mind.' 

Wm. He's that masterful he woan't be towd, WARD Helbeck 




(1898) lot. w.Yks. He's gctlin a pefTing cough that ye could 
hear fro' this to Lancashire, but he willun't be tellcd, SUTCLIFFE 
Shameless Wayne (1900) 170. s.Not. When I seed 'im again I did 
tell 'im (J.P.K.). Oxf. 1 Her wunt be telled, MS. add. 

10. To sentence, condemn. 

Dev. I seed a high judge to Exeter. An' 'twas at the 'Sizes ; 
an' he told a man for hanging, PHILLPOTTS Sons of Morning (1900) 

11. To touch bottom when bathing, &c. 

Cor. 8 Is it deep where you are or can you tell ? The boat sunk 
close in, where you could tell. 

12. sb. pi. Rhymes used by children to determine who 
is to commence any game. 

Nhp. 1 Those who are going to engage in the play stand in a 
circle, or a line, and one of the number repeats a 'tell,' touching 
each play-mate in succession with the fore finger as she repeats 
each word, spelling the last, and the one whom the last letterfalls 
to is to commence the game, or to preside over it. 

13. A talk, conversation ; gossip, chat ; tidings, news. 
Also in phr. to hear tell. See also Hear, v. II. 1 (9). 

Sc. (A.VV.1 Cum. I's warn you'll awhevh'ard tell o' Billy Brannan, 
SILPHEO Billy Brannan (1885) 3 ; Cum. 1 n.Yks. 2 I've heear'd neea 
tell (s.v. Heard). w.Yks. ' Have you heard any tell of my lad ? ' 
'There's no tell yet' (C.C.R.). Lan. 'Ud flay ony wick soul to 
yer tell on, HARLAND & WILKINSON Flk-Lore (1867) 62. n.Lin. 1 
We tallygraphted to Doncaster, bud can't hear no tell on him. 
Lei. 1 ' Nivver 'eerd tell o noo sooch a thing,' means ' I never heard 
anything of the kind,' and gen. implies further, ' and I don't 
believe it.' Brks. 1 e.An. 1 I' ha' never heard tell on. Sur. 1 I 
hadn't heerd no tell of it. Dev. I'm very much wantin' to have 
a tell with 'e, PHILLPOTTS Sons of Morning (1900) 205 ; Kom een 
an" ha' a tell wan arternoon (R.P.C.). [Amer. As near's I c'n 
make out fm Dave's tell, he must 'a' been red- headed, WESTCOTT 
David Harum (1900) xxx.] 

TELLABLE, adj. Sc. Yks. [telabl.] 1. Fit to be 
told ; used with neg. Cai. 1 2. Distinguishable, easily 
recognized, conspicuous. n.Yks. 2 e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.) 
TELLE, v. Dev. [Not known to our correspondents.] 
To eat hastily. (HALL.) 
TELLER, see Tiller, v. 

TELLERS, sb. pi. Nhb. Lei. The successive strokes 
on a church bell, rung as a toll for the dead. 

Nhb. 1 It is usual at village churches to knell the sex of an adult 
by nine strokes for a man, or six strokes for a woman, repeated 
on each of three bells. For a child three strokes are given and 
similarly repeated. Then follow a number of strokes on the treble 
bell to indicate the age, each stroke counting one year. Lei. At 
Frisby and elsewhere these tolls [for the dead] are called 'tellers,' 
and it has been suggested that the old saying ' Nine tailors make 
a man' is a corruption of a saying arising from the thrice three 
tolls or ' tellers ' at the close of the passing bell, ' Nine tellers 
mark a man," NORTH Church Bells in N. tf Q. (1877) 5th S. vii. 164. 
TELLGENCE, sb. Obs. Wxf. 1 Also in form talligence. 
Tidings, news, ' intelligence.' 

TELLIF, sb. Obsol. Shr. 1 A thick tangled crop, said 
of weeds. 

I shall 'ave a pretty job to 'aw them tatoes theer's a fine tellif 
o' weeds. 

TELLING, prp. and sb. Sc. Irel. Yks. Lan. Stf. Dev. 
Also in form talin Sh.I. L prp. In phr. to be telling, to 
be to the advantage of; to have effect ; see below. 

Sc. It was tellin" him that he did as ye did. It had been muckle 
tellin' ye that ye had bidden at hame, i.e. it was or it had been to 
his or your advantage, &c. (JAM.) ; Raymondsholm is blithe aneuch 
for me, and it wad hae been telling some that are now safe frae 
skaith gin it had never been blither, Corspatrick (1822) II. 8 
(JAM.). Sh.I. A'm no tinkin 'at dey'll be muckle talin apo da kye 
whin dcr gotten dem, Sh. News (Dec. 4, 1897). Arg. A long 
strong drink too, and that's telling you, MUNRO Shoes of Fort. 
(1901) 27. Ayr. It's a gey spite I didna take your advice. It 
would have been telling me a ten-pound note, JOHNSTON Glenbuckie 
(1889) 80. Dmf. It wud be tellin' the pairish an" himsel' gin 
josey gaed less aboot the Wallace Arms, PONDER Kirbcumdoon 
(1875) 85. N.I. 1 ' It would be no tellin',' i.e. it would not tell or 
count in one's favour would be hurtful. ' It would be tellin' me 
a quarc dale if I'd kno\ved that afore,' i.e. it would have been of 
great consequence to me to have known. Uls. It would have been 
telling j'ou to have been home an hour ago (M.B.-S.). 

2. sb. A story, narrative ; talk, conversation ; news, 
anything worth revealing or telling; also in/* See Tell, 8. 

Sc. She threcps, an' threeps, he's livin' yet, For a' the tellin' she 
can get, OUTRAM Lyrics (1887') 33. Kcb. Oh, what telling, Oh, 
what weighing is in Christ, RUTHERFORD Lett. (1660) No. 241. 
n.Yks. Ah thank you for your tcllins. MUNBY Ann Morgan's Love 
(1896) 16. w.Yks. It's a fearsome tellin', MACQUOID Doris Banigh 
(1877) xix. si. an. 1 ' Hooa did it ?'' Nay, that's tellin's.' s.Stf. 
Ah! that's tellings ain't it! MURRAY Rainbow Gold (1886) 78. 
Dev. Susanna . . . listened with as much patience as she could 
muster to ' passon's tellin',' Longmans Mag. (June 1901) 147. 

3. A scolding, reproof; warning, advice, esp. in phr. to 
take telling, to listen to advice or warning. Gen. with neg. 

Sc. She's a clever servant in a house but she taks tellin (JAM.). 
Abd. We just took their tellin's, and whiles owned our failin's, 
ANDERSON Rhymes (ed. 1867) 3. s.Sc. (JAM.) Lnk. Mothers 
threaten to send for Mary with her besom when their children 
' wadna tak' a tellin',' FRASER Whaups (1895) 53. Dmf. I warned 
you to hold your wheest, but you wouldna take telling, HAMILTON 
Mawkin (1898) 342. n.Yks. 1 Weel he's gettin' a bonny telling 
noo, onnyways. w.Yks. I gave him such a telling (C.C.R.). 

TELLY, see Tiller, v. 

TELLY-PIE, sb. Nhb. Dur. Yks. Also in forms tell- 
a-pie-tit n.Yks. ; telly-pie-tit Nhb. 1 Dur. 1 n.Yks. ; telly- 
piot Nhb. 1 ; telly-pye-pit n.Yks. 4 [te'li-pai.] A tale- 
bearer. See also Tell-pie, &c., s.v. Tell, II. 2 (3). 

Nhb. 1 ' Tellypie-tit, yor tongue shall be slit, an' aall the bairns 
i' wor street shall hev a little bit,' is the children's rhyme shouted 
after a tale-bearer. Dur. 1 n.Yks. (T.S.) ; She's a regular tell-a- 
pie-tit (I.W.) ; n.Yks. 14 

TELYIE, TEM, see Tailyie, Them. 

TEMBA, sb. Sh.I. [te'mba.] In phr. to be upon lemba, 
to be upon the alert. S. & Ork. 1 

TEMBERIN, see Timbern. 

TEMBLE, v. Wor. [te'mbl.] With about : to care for ; 
to like. 

s. Wor. Do you like shrimps? I don't temble about 'em (H. K.). 

TEME, v. Som. To emit vapour. (HALL.) 
TEMES, TEMIS, TEMMING, see Temsfe, Timming. 
TEMO, sb. Irel. In phr. by the Temo, an exclamation 
or mild oath. 

Wxf. Be the Temo, I did not spend an evening these seven years 
in such pleasant company, KENNEDY Banks Boro (1867) 109. 

TE-MOOAN, TE MORN, see To-morn. 

TEMP, v. Sc. Irel. Yks. [temp.] A dial, form of 
' tempt ' ; to try. 

Sh.I. What tempit you ta come sae shQne an' fa' till blackfastin ? 
Sh. News(Scpt. 18, 1897). ne.Sc. Seerly it's a tempin'o' Providence 
t' dee the like o' that wi's gifts, GREEN Gordonhaven (1887) 61. 
Abd. It's a tempin o' Providence, ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) 
x. Gall. He wusna gaun a' temp' it wi' brekkin' the Sabbath day 
ower it, Gallovidian (1901) III. 72. Wgt. The Deil try in' tae temp' 
me, SAXON Gall. Gossip (1878) 190. N.I. 1 It would temp a sant 
the way you're gettin' on. w.Yks. So Satan temps ma cos ah'm 
wake, INGLEDEW Ballads (1860) 257. 

TEMP ANUS, sb. Obs. e.An. 1 Erysipelas. SeeTempus- 

TEMPER, v. and sb. Sc. Yks. Lan. e.An. Wil. Som. 
Cor. [te - mpa(r.] 1. v. To mix one thing with another; 
to bring to a certain consistency. 

w.Yks. 3 To make (butter) soft for spreading. ne.Lan. 1 Suf. 1 
Mortar is tempered by adding more sand or water. Wil. 1 ' To 
temper down dripping,' to melt it and refine with water. 

2. To regulate, adjust. Also usedy?^. 

Per. Understanding the great pains and travels of Archibald 
Steedman in tempering the knock, MAIDMENT Spotliswoode Misc. 
(1844-5) II. 269. Rnf. This birkie bodie can wi' speed Temper 
yer ilka thrum and thread, WEBSTER Rhymes (1835) 153. Lnk. 
Come, nane o' your impidence, temper your tongue Or I'll come 
an' temper yer croun wi' a rung, WATSON Poems (1853) 47- 

3. An agricultural term : see below. 

Nrf. A late fallowing, . . or what would be called tempering in 
Norfolk, BATCHELOR Agric. (1813) 339; The bastard fallow of a 
clover-lay, or tare, pea or bean stubble for wheat, whjch in 
Norfolk is called tempering, here they term casing, YOUNG Agric. 
(1813) I. 194. Ess. First to clean plough the land shallow, then 
to- rove across, then stetch up and plough once more, FORBY Gl. 
(ed. 1895). 




4. sb. Applied to soil when easily tilled ; see below. 

w.Som. 1 Thiek there field o' groun'was in capical temper, we 
made-n jis the very same's a arsh-heap [heap of ashes]. Cor. 
Land is in good temper when it pulverizes readily, MORTON Cycle. 
Agric. (1863) ; Cor. 1 There's no temper in the ground (no moist 

TEMPER-PIN, sb. Sc. Irel. [te'mpar-pin.] 1. The 
wooden screw for tightening the band of a spinning-wheel. 

Sc. (JAM.), Cai. 1 e.Fif. A hole in her chackit apron claught 
hands o' the temper pin, whan doon gaed Bessie an' the wheel 
aboon a', LATTO Tarn Bodkin (1864) iii. Ayr. She held o'er the 
moors to spin . . . And ay she shook the temper-pin, BURNS There 
was a Lass, st. i. Gall. MACTAGGART Encyd. (1824). Uls. Ills. 
Jrn. Arch. (1853-1862) V. 99. 

2. Obs. A screw or peg of a violin, &c. 

Abd. Gin the temper-pin ye'll screw, And gie's a sang, 
SHIRREFS Poems (1790) 339. 

3. Fig. Disposition, temper. 

Bnff. 1 His temper-pin's oot o' order. e.Fif. Mr. Gowlanthump's 
temper pin was nae wise improved by the jaw-hole catastrophe, 
LATTO Tarn Bodkin (1864) x. Cld. ' She's lost her temper-pin,' she 
has fallen into a sulky or angry mood (JAM.). 

TEMPERSOME, adj. Shr. 1 Sus. 1 [te'mpasam.] Hot- 
tempered, passionate ; hasty-tempered. 

TEMPER"!, pp. s.Lan. 1 [te'mpat] Vexed, out of 

TEMPERY, adj. Yks. [te'mpari.] Short-tempered, 
hasty. n.Yks. She was a tempery body (I.W.). 

TEMPEST, 5*. and v. War. Won Shr. Hrf. Glo. e.An. 
Sus. Hmp. [te'mpist.] 1. sb. A storm, esp. a thunder- 
storm, but without the accompaniment of high wind. 

War. 2 w.Wor. 1 My ! dunna it look black ! us 'ull 'ave tempest 
afore night surelie. s.Wor. Tempus' or tempes' is used for thunder 
and lightning, never with a before it. ' We'm be gwain (o 'a 
tempus.' 'The tempus' wuz strung ' (H.K.) ; s.Wor. 1 , se.Wor. 1 , 
Shr.', Hrf. 2 , Glo. (A.B.), Glo. 1 e.An. N. & Q. (1867) 3rd S. xi. 
371 ; e-An. 1 , Suf. (C.G.B.), (A.B.C.), Hmp. 1 
2. v. Of the wind : to blow roughly. 

Sus. 1 It tempestes so as we're troubled to pitch the hay upon 
to the stack. 

TEMPESTY, sb. and adj. Yks. Sus. [te-mpisti.] 
1. sb. A gale of wind. Sus. 1 2. adj. Stormy, blusterous, 
having the appearance of thunderous or stormy weather. 

n.Yks. 1 Varry tempesty t'daay ; t'thunnercracks's just flay- 
some. It has a tempesty look wi' 't, t'daay ; n.Yks. 4 

TEMPINS, sb. Lan. Suf. [te'mpinz.] The game of 
ninepins ; see below. 

Lan. We have like others, ninepins, which we rather unaccount: 
ably call ten-pins, or rather tempins, HARLAND & WILKINSON 
Leg. (1873) 134. Suf. 1 

TEMPLE, si. 1 Nhb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Som. [te'mpl.] 

1. A weaving term : an instrument for stretching the 
cloth on the loom ; see below. Also in pi. form. Cf. 
tenter, s6. 2 

w.Yks. The temples on looms to-day, which consist of wheels 
on either side of the woven piece, having projecting pins all 
round their circumferences, are quite different from those of the 
old handloom days, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Dec. 10, 1898); A small 
brass wheel with needle-like teeth, to stretch the edges of the 
web (J.T.); w.Yks. 3 , e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 w.Som. 1 A wooden 
stretcher of adjustable length, having points at either end, used 
by weavers to keep the cloth as woven of the proper width in the 
loom. The implement is often called a 'pair o' temples.' 

2. Used attrib. in comb. Temple rods, long hazel rods 
used in holding down thatch, the ends being held down 
by'scoubs.' Nhb. 1 

TEMPLE, sb. 2 Obs. Cor. In phr. to scud to Temple 
Moors, to proclaim an outcast from society ; see below. 

The Knights Templar built a church here [at Temple]. . . ' Send 
her to Temple Moors,' implied that any female requiring seclusion 
might at one time secure it under the charge of these Christian 
knights in this their preceptory. . . The church, which was con- 
secrated to the great cause of saving sinners, has perished, . . and 
to ' send her to Temple Moors, 'is to proclaim a woman an outcast 
from society, HUNT Pop. Rom. w.Eng. (1865) 440, ed. 1896. 

TEMPORARY, adj. Yks. Lan. Suf. Ken. Sur. Sus. 
Som. A'so in forms tempery e.Yks. 1 Ken. ; tempory 

Suf. Sus. 1 w.Som. 1 [te-mpari, te'mpri.] Slight, insecure, 
weak, frail ; trumpery. Also used advb. 

e.Yks. 1 Ah whop [I hope] thoo hezn't gin mich fo' that tempery 
thing. s.Lan. 1 My clock-warks are gettin' like owd Gimp's cart- 
shafts rayther temporary, 6. Suf. (C.G.B.) Ken. Dat's a 
tempery sort of fence (W.G.P.). Sur. 1 A common expression is 
' It's a very tempory old place.' Sus. 1 You be naun but a poor 
tempory creetur run up by contract, that's what you be ! w.Som. 1 
All the place is a-put up tempory, sure 'nough. 

TEMPORY, arf/. w.Yks. 1 An aphetic form of ' extem- 
pore.' ' I've . . . heeard what ye call tempory prayer,' ii. 312. 

TEMPSE, see Tems(e. 

TEMPT, v. Yks. s.Cy. I.W. [tempt.] To attempt ; 
to essay, try. 

w.Yks. ' Which of these apples will you 'tempt ? ' ' I'll 'tempt 
t'least, I think' (C.C.R.) ; (J.W.) s.Cy. (HALL.), I.W. 1 

[Who shall tempt, with wandering feet, The dark 
unbottom'd infinite abyss ? MILTON P. Lost, n. 404.] 

TEMPTACIOUS, adj. Sc. Dev. Also written temp- 
tashous Lnk. [tempte'Jas.] Tempting, inviting. 

Lnk. The display there shown was very ample, . . and indeed 
'quite temptashous,' as Mrs. Macfarlan graphically put it, MURDOCH 
Readings (1895) II. 30. Dev. Lying is a temptacious thing, ZACK 
On Trial (1899) 144. 

TEMPTATION, sb. e.An. A trial. (W.W.S.) 

TEMPTSOME, adj. Sc. [te'mptsam.] Tempting, 

Rnf. How temptsome maun the wiling bait O' approbation seem, 
CLARK Poet. Pieces (1836) 23. Lnk. Man, Johnny, yer offer is 
temptsome, THOMSON Musings (1881) 44. Dmf. Geans . . . Hanging 
temptsome owre your head, WALLACE Schoolmaster (1899) 370. 

TEMPTUOUS, adj. Shr. 1 [te'mtjas, te'mjas.] Tempt- 
ing, inviting. 

Thank yo', Missis, I'll tak' a bit, it looks so tem'tuous as the 
owd sayin' is, ' the proof o' the puddin' 's i' the atin.' 

TEMPUS-FIRE,s6. e.An. 1 Erysipelas. SeeTempanus. 

TEMS, sb. Obs. Lin. 1 A wooden vessel for carrying 

TEMS(E, sb. and v. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Der. Not. Lin. Nrf. s.Cy. Wil. Also in forms teems 
Rxb. (JAM.); tern es Nrf. ; temis w.Yks. 2 ; tern pse n.Yks. 2 
e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 8 Lan. ; temz Not. ; temzer Wil. 1 ; timse 
se.Sc. N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 [temz.] 1. sb. A sieve, esp. a fine 
hair sieve used for sifting flour. 

Rxb. (JAM.\ N.Cy. 12 Nhb. 1 A square timse, with a fine hair 
bottom, was formerly used for sieving flour or meal. Dnr. 1 , 
w.Dur. 1 , Cum. 1 , Cum. 4 Obsol. Cum., Wro. NICOLSON (1677) Trans. 
R. Lit. Soc. (1868) IX; (M.P.) n.Yks. 123 , ne.Yks. 1 , e.Yks. 1 
m.Yks. 1 A coarse hair-sieve, used in dressing flour. w.Yks. 1245 
Lan. as. for a half-bushel and terns we bought of him, WALKDEN 
Diary (ed. 1866) 27 ; Elizabeth came into our house and borrowed 
our tempse, ib. 47 ; Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , Der. 1 Obs., Lin. 1 , Wil. 1 Obs. 

2. Comp. (i) Temse-bread, bread made of fine white 
flour ; (2) Timse-sticks, the small frame supporting two 
laths or sticks on which the ' timse ' slides. 

(i) N.Cy. 2 , n.Yks. 2 , w.Yks. 1 Nrf. Having my table furnish't 
with good beef, Norfolk temes bread and country home bred 
drink, CHETTLE & DAY Blind Beggar (1600) 1. 844-5. s.Cy. 
BAILEY (1721). (2) Nhb. 1 The timse-sticks were placed on a table 
or sometimes fixed on the meal ark. 

3. A sieve used in brewing. 

w.Yks. Still common. Used when speaking of the strainer 
used in brewing to separate the hops, &c., from the ale. This 
' temse' consists of a kind of hoop about a foot in height; across 
the bottom part of it is passed two sticks at right angles to each 
other, and on the top of these sticks, and entirely covering up 
this part, is a woven web of a texture seemingly made of horse- 
hair, which is woven pretty close, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Dec. 13, 
1890) ; w.Yks. 3 Only used in ' hop-tempse,' a hop sieve. e.Lan. 1 , 
s.Lan. 1 , s.Not. (J.P.K.) Lin. STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes (1884) 
370. n.Lin. 1 sw.Lin. 1 We used to sile the beer thruffa gret temse. 

4. A woollen-trade term : a hair sieve used for straining 
the liquid used for scouring cloth. w.Yks. (W.T.) 

5. v. To sift. 

se.Sc. For sifting meal it suits me weel, Or timsing flour when 
wantin', DONALDSON Poems (1809) 73. N.Cy. 1 , Dur. 1 n.Yks. I 
once heard a man say, referring to some material he was riddling, 
'This " tempses" vary badly,' Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Dec. 6, 1890) ; 




Fifty years ago flour was not very common with cottagers esp., 
and when they wanted some they would temse some rough meal. 
' We ev na flour fer a pudding to-day, b't a'l temse a bit ' (W.H.). 
w.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 

Hence (i) Tems'd- or Temmas-bread, sb., obs., bread 
made of finely-sifted flour ; (2) Temsings, sb. pi. siftings. 

(i)e.Yka. Our own tempsed-breade, BEST Rur. Econ. (1641) 104. 
Dev. Tems'd or lemmas bread, white [bread] made of flour finely 
sifted, opposed to Vurried, or made of meal as it comes from 
the mill, Horae Sttbsecivat (1777) 428. (a) Dur. 1 Efter-temsins, 
the coarse flouror refuse left afterthe operation of temsing. m.Yks. 1 

[Temze, sive (temse, syue, K., P. ; temeze, S.), setarium 
(Prompt.). Swed. dial. Icimms, a sieve (RiExz).j 

TEMTIOUS, adj. w.Cy. Wil. Som. [te'mjss.] Tempt- 
ing, inviting. 

w.Cy. (HALL.), Wil. 1 Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). 

TEMZEfR, see Tems(e. 

TEN, adj. and sb. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Stf. Der. Lei. War. Shr. Suf. Guer. 1. adj. In 
comb, (i) Ten-a-penny, a street cry ; see below ; (2) 
-hours, (a) ten o'clock ; (b) a slight feed given to horses 
while in the yoke in the forenoon ; (3) -hours' bite, see 
(2, b) ; (4) -o'clock, slight refreshment taken about ten 
o'clock, esp. by labourers in the field ; (5) -penny, (a) a 
coin of the value of tenpence ; (b) a franc ; (c) strong ale 
at tenpence a quart ; (d) inferior, of a poor description ; 
(6) -penny kelp, a felt hat ; (7) -penny nail, a strong nail ; 
(8) -penny-piece, see (5, a) ; (9) -pennyworth, in phr. the 
height of ten-pennyworth of brass, very small ; in one's 
earliest infancy ; (10) -pounding, a punishment inflicted 
by harvest-men for breaking one of their rules ; (n) 
sight, ten times; (12) -tails, the fish Sepia Coligo ; (13) 
-toes, the foot ; gen. in phr. to go on ten toes, to walk ; (14) 
-to-one, Irish stew. 

(i) Nhb. The timber merchants will ne mare Wiv ten-a-penny 
deave us, OLIVER Local Sngs. (1824) 16 ; The price at which 
street vendors of theperiod (A.D. i8ai), facetiously called ' Timber- 
marchints,' sold spunks, i.e. long brimstone matches made of slips 
of wood, used with tinder-boxes before friction matches came into 
vogue (R.O.H.). (a, a) Sc. (JAM.) Hdg. The auld lord would 
hae nae lichts in the house after the ten hours, Longman's Mag. 
(Aug. igoa) 310. (b) Sc. (JAM.) (3) Ayr. Dealing thro' amang 
the naigs Their ten-hours' bite, BURNS Ep. to J. Lapraik (Apr. ai, 
1785) st. a. (4) Nhb. 1 Especially at harvest-time. ' He' ye had 
yor ten-o'-clock yit? ' Dur. 1 Bread, cheese, and ale given in hay- 
time to mowers at 10 a.m. Cum.* He had his ten o'clock and did 
not feel hungry, C. Pair. (Mar. 31, 1899) 6, col. 7 (s.v. Dowin). 
Wm. Noo, lads, will ye come an' hev ycr teno-clocks? (B. K.) 
Der. Betty meanwhile has put up their 'luncheons' or 'ten-o- 
clocks ' huge masses of bread and cheese . . . and a bottle of ale 
if they are going to plough, HOWITT Rur. Life (1838) I. 161. 
(5, a) Ir. I threw out a ' tenpenny ' in the midst, LEVER Martins 
(1856) I. xiv. (6) Guer. When I get a bad tenpenny I put it in 
my purse and pass it (G.H.G.). (c) s.Stf. They keepin" some 
tenpenny at the Seven Stars as'll mak yer yead rackle, PINNOCK 
Blk. Cy. Ann. (1895). (rf) e.Yks. 1 (6) e.Yks. 1 (7) Ayr. Some 
folk . . . are as hard as tenpenny nails, SERVICE Notandums (1890) 
33. Nhb. 1 Probably so-called from its weight (ten pennyweights). 
(8) Ir. She had given him a tenpenny-piece, LOVER Handy Andy 
(1843) xxi. (9) n.Yks. 2 I've knawn you ivver sen you were 
t'height o" ten pennorth o' brass. (10) Suf. A custom exists 
among harvest-men in Suffolk which is called ' Ten-pounding.' 
In most reaps there is a set of rules agreed upon amongst the 
reapers before harvest by which they are to be governed during 
its continuance. The object of these rules is usually to prevent or 
punish loss of time by laziness, drunkenness, &c., and to correct 
. . . any other kind of misbehaviour which might slacken the 
exertions or break the harmony of the reap. One of the modes 
of punishment directed by these rules is called ' Ten-pounding,' 
and it is executed in the following manner : Upon a breach of any 
of the rules a sort of drum-head court-martial is held upon the 
delinquent, and if he is found guilty he is instantly seized and 
thrown down flat on his back. Some of the parly keep his head 
down and confine his arms ; whilst others turn up his legs in the 
air so as to exhibit his posteriors. The person who is to inflict 
the punishment then takes a shoe, and with the heel of it (studded 
as it usually is with hob-nailsl gives him the prescribed number 
of blows upon his breech according to Ihe senlence. The rest of 
Ihe party sit by with their hats off to see that the executioner 

docs his duty, and if he fails in this he undergoes the same punish- 
ment, FORBY Gl. (1830) 419 ; BRAND Pop. Antiij. (cd. 1848) II. 
33. (n)Shr. 2 I'd tensight rather. (la) n.Yks. FERGUSON Nal. 
Hist, Redcar (1860) 8. (13) w.Yk*. 1 I marvel at thou sud gang 
o' ten taas, ii. 309. Lei. 1 To 'go o' ten-toes.' War. 8 He must 
have some warm socks for his ten-toes. Sut 1 (14) w.Yks. It 
hints ten pieces of potato to one piece of meat (M.F.). 

2. sb. In phr. catch the ten, a card game. 

Sc. (A.W.) n.Sc. A hotly contested game of 'three card loo" 
or ' catch the ten ' is entered upon, GORDON Carglen (1891) 79. 

3. A measure of coals upon which the lessor's rent or 
royalty is paid. 

Nhb. [In 1602-3] The keel load and the ten were at that time 
synonymous, and both represented ten chaldrons of 43 cwt. each. 
. . The present ten of 440 bolls became fixed about the middle of 
the eighteenlh cenlury. This ten of 440 bolls is still in use for 
wayleave rents, and in some cases for mining renls [also a ten of 
420 bolls]. The boll above mentioned is a suppositious measure, 
for it has gone out of use. In practice the number of tens to be 
paid for is arrived at by dividing the number of tons to be con- 
verted into tens by 48-583 or 46-375, as the case may be, DENDY 
Newc. llcstmcn (1901) 45; Nhb. 1 In the seventeenlh century the 
term meant ten score bolls, barrows, or corves of coal. It now 
means usually about fifty-one and three-quarler tons, but varies in 
places. Nhb., Dur. It usually consists of 440 bolls, or 48 tons 
i if cwts., bul varies much under different landlords, GREENWELL 
Coal Tr. Gl. (1849). 

Hence Tentale, sb. rent paid to the lessor of coal at 
so much per ' ten ' of coals. 

Nhb. 1 Nhb., Dur. Colliery rent consists of a fixed or certain 
rent . . . and also of a surplus or tentale rent payable for the coal 
worked or worked and rended above the certain quantity, 
NICHOLSON Coal Tr. Gl. (1888) (s.v. Rent\ 

4. A piece of arable land inacommon field. Cf. scribe, sb. 2 
Nhb. 1 To each freehold burgage at Warkworth was attached 

one ten and one ' scribe ' of land in Newtown. The tens measure 
from eighteen yards long by eight and a quarter yards wide, or 
about five perches upwards, to six and a half perches in area. 
Their size has varied by gradual encroachments upon road or 
waste lands as circumstances permitted. 

TEN, TENANDRY, see Then, adv., Tenantry. 

TENANT, sb. Sc. In comb. Tenant-stead or -sted, 
obs., occupied by a tenant. 

Kerse being broken, the rest of the rooms were lying waste and 
this was only tenant-sted, FOUNTAINHALL Dec. Supfl. (1759) 
IV. 793 (JAM.); Methinks, Christ's vineyard is but ill tenant-stead 
(as we used to say of our lands), PITCAIRN Assembly (1766) 31. 

TENANTRY, sb. Obs. or obsol. Sc. Wil. Sus. Also 
in forms tenandry, tennendrie Sc. 1. Tenancy ; the 
holding of land by lease ; tenure. 

Sc. The king may be thereby prejudged in his tennendrie, 
dewtie, and service, SKENE Difficill Wds. (1681) 83; Williamson 
then sold the tenandry, by a deed to which Lord Torphichen was 
a party, MAIDMENT Spottiswoode Miscell. (1844-5) U- 2I - 
2. Common-field husbandry. Wil. Reports Agric. (1793- 
1813) 14. 3. Comp. (i) Tenantry-acre, a measure of 
land varying in extent but about -J of a statute acre ; (2) 
down, (3) -field, a down or field in a state of commonage 
on the ancient feudal system of copyhold tenancy ; (4) 
flock, a parish or township flock ; (5) -land, parish land ; 
land held as common land ; (6) -road, a road about 8 feet 
in width, dividingthe ' laines ' of tenantry-land into furlongs. 

(i) Sns. 1 ; Sns. 2 The proportion between the tenantry and the 
statute acre is very uncertain. The tenantry land was divided 
first into laines, of several acres in extent, with good roads, some 
sixteen feet wide between them ; at right angles with these were 
formed at uncertain intervals, tenantry roads, of some eight feet 
in width, dividing the laines into furlongs. In each furlong every 
tenant had a right to his proportion, which was set out for him, 
not by fixing any superficial quantity, but by measuring along the 
line of the tenantry road of each furlong a certain number of feet 
to each paul, the number of feet being the same, whatever was 
the depth of the furlong ; thus, if the furlong, for instance, 
consisted of what is called a hatchet-piece something like three- 
quarters of a square, the part where the piece was two squares 
deep would contain double the superficial contents of the portion 
at the other end, where the measurement next the road would be 
similar but the depth only one half, 65. Wil. In the common- 
fields ... the usual rule is, to allow a thousand sheep to fold what 




is called a tenantry acre per night, DAVIS Gen View Agric. (1811) 
xii. (2,3) Wil.. DAVIS Agric. (i8i3\ (4") Sus. A tenantry-flock 
[of sheep] belonging to Denton parish, MARSHALL Review (1817) 
V. 500. (5) Sus. This term is used rather vaguely. I have heard 
it applied to 'waste of a manor 1 and to * common lands.* I 
think it generally applies to land belonging to a parish or place 
and let out in parcels or otherwise to individual parishioners or 
inhabitants, yearly or at other regular periods (E.E.S.) ; Sus. 12 
(6) Sus. 12 

TENANTSHIP,^. w.Som. 1 Tenancy. 

Why my tenantship [taen'unshiip 1 ] will be a-run'd out vore the 
work's a-finisht. 

TENCH-WEED, sb. e.An. The floating pond-weed, 
Potamogeton natans. 

e.An. 1 Supposed to be very agreeable to that fat and sleek fish, 
the tench. Suf. Science Gossip (1883) 113. 

TEND, v. 1 Sc. Nhb. Wm. Yks. Stf. Der. Not. War- 
Brks. e.An. Sur. Sus. Hmp. I.W. Som. Dev. Cor. and 
Amer. [tend.] 1. To attend to, look after, take care of; 
to nurse ; to wait upon ; freq. with to. An early aphetic 
form of 'attend.' See Tent, v. 

Per. Wha has been seeck here that ye haena tendit ? HALIBUR- 
TON Horace (1886) 38. Fif. What better job could Dauvit get 
than to tend his ain bonnie floo'ers, ROBERTSON Provost (1894) 
36. Lnk. 'Tend to my plaint, ye bonny lasses, MUIR Minstrelsy 
(1816) 61. Wm. You tend yer business, I'll tend mine ! OLLIVANT 
Quid Bo'> (1898) xxii; (B.K.) n.Yks. So . . . Dick tended his 
wife himself, SIMPSON Jeain'e o' Biggersdalc (1893") 219. w.Yks. 
Meary spun an cairded woo, an' shoo helpt to tend t'shop, DIXON 
Craven Dales (1881) 185. Stf. Ye'll get nowt by 'tendin' to 'eml 
Cornh. Mag. (Jan. 1894) 39. Der. Men conna stand owd women 
a-tendin' o' 'em,'GiLCHKiST Millon (1902)97. Not. Yo were a 
good oad Hasty, to let me tend to the commoners first, PRIOR 
Forest Flk. (1901) 14. Brks. Some folks is allus a-trivettin' arter 
other folkseses business an' cassn't be satisfite wi' 'tendin' to their 
own, Cornli. Mag. (Nov. 1901) 678. e.An. 1 To wait on company 
at table. To take care of children, cattle, poultry. Sur. 1 Hinp. 
Did they all ... tend vathers and mothers in faver ? GRAY Ribstone 
Pippins (1898) 17. I.W. 1 w.Som. 1 ' I must tend my customers or 
lost 'em.' A mason's labourer always describes his work, ' I do 
tend masons.' Dev. Yer never 'tend to what I tell 'ee, FORD 
Posfle Farm (1899) 212. Cor. 12 [Amer. Tend out on him pretty 
sharp, Dial. Notes (1896) I. 22.] 

Hence (i) Tendance, sb. attention, care; (2) Tending- 
shop, sb. a room in a mill where the foreman receives 
and gives out the weavers' work. 

(i) Nrf. I shan't want much 'tendance, as I can very well wait 
on myself, SPILLING Molly Miggs (1902) 45. w.Som. 1 Young 
turkeys be terr'bl nash, they wants a sight o' tendance. [Hops 
dried in loft, aske tendance oft, TUSSER Hush. (1580) 128.] (2) 
w.Som. 1 

2. To be present at ; to go to regularly. 

Abd. Clear-blooded health tends ilka sup O' simple diet, KEITH 
Farmer's Ha' (1774) St. 63. Lth. Our lads are doing little but 
tending Ihe drill, MACNEILL Poet. Whs. (1801) 220, ed. 1856. 
Nhb. Aw'd picked up some bits o' lare Wi' tendin' close the skuil 
at neets, WILSON Pitman's Pay (1843) 57. w.Yks. (J.W.) Brks. 
I 'tends church reg'lar, HAYDEN Round our Vill. (1901) 168. 
[Amer. One 'tends out on church,' 'tends out on' the public 
library fcr the first opportunity to take the new magazines, Dial. 
Notes (1896) I. 23.] 

3. To watch, esp. to watch and scare away birds. 

n.Cy. (HALL.), War* s.War. 1 He's gone bird-tending. Stir. 1 
Rook-tending. Sus. (S.P.H.) ; Sus. 1 He can't sing in church no 
more, for he goos to work rook tending. I.W. 1 

4. To provide, supply. 

Cor. 2 One boy tended the stones as the other threw them at the 

TEND, v? and sb. n.Cy. Wm. Lan. Chs. Stf. Nhp. 
Won Shr. Oxf. Som. Dev. Cor. Also in forms teen N.Cy. 1 
ne.Lan. 1 Stf. Shr. w.Som. 1 nw.Dev. 1 Cor. 12 ; teend Lan. 1 
s-Lan. 1 Nhp. 2 w.Wor. 1 [tend ; tm(d.] 1. v . To kindle, 
light, set fire to. Cf. tind. 

N.Cy. 1 Teen the candle. Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 Aw mun 
teend that foire, it's gone spark eawt. Chs. 23 (s.v. Tin.) Stf. 
N. V Q. (1851) ist S. iii. 478. Nhp. 2 , w.Wor. 1 Shr. N. & Q. 
(1851) ist S. iii. 478. w.Som. 1 Yuur, Jun ! tee-n u kan-1, wiil'ur? 
Dev. N. & Q. (1868) 4th S. ii. 335. nw.Dev. 1 Cor. I declare 
they'm teening a fire ! ' Q.' Three Ships (1890) ii ; Cor. 1 * 

Hence Teening-time, sb. lighting-up time, twilight. 
Cor. 12 See Candle-teening, s.v. Candle, 1 (21). 2. With 
up : to make up a fire ; to add fuel to a fire. 

Wm. To put fuel on a fire at the same time as the ashes are 
removed from the grate. 'Tend t'fire up tell ah side aboot t'hoose' 
(B K.). Oxf. 1 Tend the fires up, to make up the quick fires by 
placing the quick around the part that is burning on the fire itself, 
MS. add. 

3. sb. Fire. ne.Lan. 1 

[1. Whanne he shal araye the lanternes, he shal teenden 
it, WYCLIF Exod. (1382) xxx. 7. OE. on-tendan, to kindle.] 

TEND, v. 3 Sc. Der. Hmp. Amer. [tend.] 1. An 
aphetic form of 'intend.' 

Sc. FRANCISQUE-MICHEL Lang. (1882) 172. Der. I'm tendin' to 
do well for them as he's left behind, GiLCHRisTPrai/aurf (1897)95. 
[Amer. I didn't 'tend to open it, LLOYD Chronic Loafer (1901) 13.] 
2. To attempt. 

Hmp. T'robin comes right in onto sink, an' cat she never tends 
to touch him (W.M.E.F.). 

TENDER, adj., adv., sb. 1 and v. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. 
Lan. Stf. Lin. War. Wor. Glo. Hmp. Dor. Dev. Cor. 
[te'nda(r.] 1. adj. In comp. Tender-dear, a term ot 

Cor. So Alice Ann, my tender dear, Take care what you be at, 
FORFAR Poems (1885) 3; Pious es she? Tender dear, HARRIS 
Our Cove (1900) 33. 
2. Delicate, weak, sickly ; ailing. 

Sc. I had been tender a' the summer and scarce ower the door 
o' my room, SCOTT Midlothian (1818) v; A poor Trojan, who was 
a widow, and a very tender man, Scoticisms (1787) 118. Lan. 
His father was worse and his mother tender, WALKDEN Diary 
(ed. 1866) 95. w.Cor. He looks tender (M.A.C.). 

Hence Tenderly, adv. poorly, unwell. Sc. Scoiicisms 
(1787) 16. 3. Friable, easily broken. 

Nhb. 1 The top's varry tender, mind. 

4. Of cheese : see below. 

Glo. If the milk is not warm enough when the rennet is put into 
it, the cheese will be ' tender,' and will bulge out in the edge, 
MORTON Farm (1832) 31. 

5. Of roads : soft, muddy. 

Stf., War. (H.K.) Wor. Behand Spetchley the roads was 
very tender (*.) 

6. Of the wind : trying, sharp, biting. 

Hmp. The wind is very tender, N. & Q. (1854) ist S. x. 120 ; 
Hmp. 1 

7. Of the weather: inclined to rain, threatening. 

Cor. Th' sky is tender, and I mistrust me it may come on to 
blaw, HARRIS Our Cove (1900) 16. w.Cor. The weather is looking 
tender (M.A.C.). 

8. Obs. Circumspect, careful, considerate; scrupulous. 
Sc. I never was a separatist, nor for quarrelling with tender 

souls about mint, cummin, or other the lesser tithes, SCOTT Mid- 
lothian (1818) xviii. Rnf. Recommends the Earl of Glasgow as a 
person very tender of and acceptable to the Church of Scotland, 
WODROW Carres. (1709-31) I. 3, ed. 1843. 

9. Pathetic, touching. 

Abd. It was a tender sight yon, sirs, a tender sight, an'anegood 
for sair e'en, Abd. IVkly. Free Press (June 15, 1901). Dor. Twas 
a very tender sight, goin' along by the top of the hedge, FRANCIS 
Pastorals (1901) 269. 

10. With to : fond of, having a weakness for. 

Dev. I always wuz a soft and maty-hearted zort o' chap, An' 
vury tender t(i tha girls, SALMON Ballads (1899) 61. 

11. Obs. Nearly related, akin. 

Sc. Lodovick, Duke of Lennox, . . whom King James receaved 
glaidlie and honorablie as one who was so tender of kinred and 
blood to him, GORDON Hist. Earls of Sutherland, 125 (JAM.). Fif. 
He lowit him and was his freind and tender of bluid vnto him, 
PITSCOTTIE Cron. (ed. 1889) II. 197. 

12. adv. Tenderly, gingerly, with care. 

n Dev. My mother . . . went tender in her best boots, ZACK 
Dtinslable WV (1901) 62. 

13. sb. A term of endearment to a baby. 

Cor. There, my blessed, my handsome ! Look, my tender ! ' Q.' 
Wandering Heath (1895) 190. 

14. A soft or crushed condition of strata. Nhb. 1 Nhb., 
Dur. NICHOLSON Coal Tr. Cl. (1888). 15. v. To make 
tender, soft, or delicate. 

Sc. The quality of the food in the autumnal quarter has a more 




immediate influence in tendering; their constitution than at any 
other period, Ess. Highl. Soc. III. 467 (JAM.). N.I. 1 As linen 
sometimes is in ' the bleach.' ' The fibre [of flax] tendered by 
excess of moisture.' sw.Lin. 1 It'll tender him for the winter. 
Poulticing tenders it so. 

16. Obs. To have regard for. 

Sc. I advise none that tenders the glory of God to meddle with 
them, THOMSON Cloud of Witnesses (1714) 206, ed. 1871. Lnk. 
All officers of the standing forces, as they tender his majesty's 
service and the peace of the country, to give their assistance, 
WODROW Ch. Hist. (1721) I. 344, ed. 1828. 

TENDER, sb.' Nhb. e.An. Cor. Also written tendar 
Cor. 1 [te'nda(r).] 1. A waiter. See Tend, v. 1 

e.An.* Cor. Ev'ry tender what's theere, my dears, es a real 
gen'leman to look upon, TREGELLAS Tales (1865) 32 ; Cor. 12 
2. The guard of a train. Cor. 1 3. Obs. A small rapper 
or signal rope in a pit. Nhb. 1 

TENDER, sb* LW. Cor. [te'nda(r).] Tinder. I.W. 1 
See Tend, v. 2 Hence Tender-box, sb. a tinder-box. Cor. 2 

TENDERNESS, sb. Obs. Sc. 1. Delicacy, esp. as 
regards health. See Tender, adj. 2. 

Rnf. I am grieved to hear of Miss Lillias' tenderness, WODROW 
Carres. (1709-31) II. 476, ed. 1843. 

Hence Self -tenderness, sb. care of one's health. 

Rnf. My self-tenderness will not allow me to spend time at 
night on the records, ib. II. 37. 
2. Consideration, regard ; scrupulousness. 

Sc. I have a tenderness and scruple in my mind anent them, 
SCOTT Midlothian (1818) xviii. Abd. Iffyee haue anie tendernes to 
such as fear the Lord in this place, STUART Eccl. Rec. (1846) 136 

TENDERSOME, adj. Dor. Dev. [te'ndasam.] Tender, 
gentle, sweet ; also used advb. 

Dor. When a woman do look zweet and tendersome in her 
worken-clothes, AGNUS Jan Oxber (1900) 71. Dev. Imploring o' 
me to deal tenderzome by ut, ZACK On Trial (1899) 227 

TENDLE, sb. Obs. Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) Also in forms 
tennel, tennle. Firewood ; dried twigs or furze, &c. used 
for fuel. Hence Tendle-knife, sb. a knife for cutting fire- 
wood ; a hedge-bill, bill-hook. 

TENE, see Teen, sb. 1 , Tine, v. 1 

TENET, sb. w.Som. 1 [te-nat] A tenon. Hence 
Tenet-saw, sb. a tenon-saw "; a back-saw. 

TENG,TENGS,TENK,see Tang, sb. 1 , Tongs, Tank, sb* 

TENNEL, v. Obs. N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 Also in form tinnel. 
Of trees : to die away. 

TENNEL, TENNER, TENNET, see Tendle, Tenor, 

TENNIS, v. Rut. 1 [te-nis.] To strike with a rebound. 

If she'd hit against the corner of the house it would 'a tennised 
her agin the soft-water tub. 

TENNLE, see Tendle. 

TENNRILLS, sb. pi. Sc. Dry twigs ; a dial, form of 
'tendrils.' Gall. MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). 

TENON, sb. Sc.Yks. [te-nan.] A tendon. n.Yks.(T.S.) 

Hence Tenony-hough, sb. the joint of the hind leg of a 

Sc. I daresay this bit morsel o' beef is an unce lighter than ony 
that's been dealt round ; and it's a bit o' the tenony hough, SCOTT 
Bride of Lam. (1819) xxxiv. 

TENOR, sb. Sc. Yks. Lin. Also written tenner n.Yks. 
n.Lin. 1 fte'na(r.] 1. A tenon. 

n.Yks. Thease tenners isn't tight (I.W.). n.Lin. 1 

2. Comp. Tenor-saw, a tenon-saw ; a thin back-saw. 
Abd. You're just as rough's a tenor saw, An' fu' o' slaps, 

ANDERSON Rhymes (ed. 1867) 116. 

3. The cross-bar between the legs of a chair. S. & Ork. 1 
TENSOME,arf/.ands6. Sc. [te'nsam.] Consistingoften. 
Sc. The lut wi the tensome thairms, WADDELL Psalms (1871) 

xxxiii. a. Lnk. There durst nae tensome there him take, RAMSAY 
Poems (1721) 103. Dmf. The glee o' Tensome an' Twalsome 
Faimilies, PATON Castlebraes (1898) 284. 

TENSORS, Obs. Shr. 1 Persons who, not being 
burgesses, carried on business in the town as tradesmen 
upon payment of certain fines. 

'449-5- This yeare the burgesses and tenssars in Shrewsbury 
dyd varye, Early Chron. Shrewsbury. The Tensors' fines were 
imposed by the Court Leet, which required that they should ' be 
levied before the Feast of St. Catherine [Nov. asth].' ' In the 

Corporation Accounts 1519 it is ordered that " Tensors selling 
ale should pay vjrf. quarterly,"' PHILLIPS Hist.Shrewsbury, 161, 168. 

Hence Tensorship, sb. the fine paid by ' tensors.' 

It was objected to his vote that he was no Burgess, in support 
of which it was proved that he pd. Tensership several years, Poll 
for Shrewsbury (1747) in Trans. Shr. Arch. Soc.; This Richard 
Muckleston . . . commenced a suite against theTowne of Shrewsbury 
for exacting an imposition upon him which they call tensorship, 
and did endeavour to make voyd their Charter, but they gave him 
his Burgesship to bee quiet, GOUGH Hist. Myddle, 128. 

TENT, sb. 1 Sc. Irel. [tent.] 1. An open-air pulpit. 

Sc. A square pulpit of wood erected in the fields and supported 
by four posts, which rest on the ground, rising three or four feet 
from it ; with a trap leading up to the door and a projection in 
front, which is meant to protect the speaker from the sun and rain 
as well as to serve for a sounding-board (JAM.). n.Sc.The ' tent" 
is still used in the Highlands at open-air services (A.W.). Ayr. 
But hark ! the tent has changed its voice, BURNS Holy Fair (1785) 
St. 14. Dmf. I could fancy a tent and the preachers by turns 
Proclaiming salvation by Christ to their flock. SHENNAN Tales 
(1831) 146. 

Hence (i) Tent-preaching, sb. preaching from a 'tent'; 
(2) -reader, sb. one who reads the service from a ' tent.' 

(i) Sc. Tent-preaching has been long in use in Scotland, 
occasionally at least from the year 1630 (JAM.). s.Sc. At the 
next market or the next tent-preachin, WILSON Tales (1839) V. 
53- (2) Edb. He was tent-reader of our service book, PENNECUIK 
Wks. (1715) 345, ed. 1815. 
2. A slang word for an umbrella. 

Ir. Take your tent with you (M.B.-S.). 

TENT, s6. 2 Irel. [tent] 1. The quantity of ink 
taken up by a pen at one dip. N.I. 1 s.Don. SIMMONS Gl. 
(1890). 2. A small quantity of liquor. s.Don., s.Ir. 
SIMMONS ib. Cf. tint, sb. 1 

TENT, v., sb.' and adj. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Chs. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. Shr. Ken. [tent] 

1. v. To attend to, look after, take care of; to watch or 
mind animals ; to watch birds to drive them away. See 
Tend, v. 1 

Sc. He that has but ae ee maun tent it weel, HENDERSON Prov. 
(1832)6, ed. 1881. Abd. At hame a' day My flock to tent, ANDERSON 
Poems (ed. 1826) 21. Per. Ye said ye'd tent her for half-a-crown, 
CLELAND Inchbracken (1883) 189, ed. 1887. s-Sc. I tentit my 
lambs through the blythe summer day, ALLAN Poems (1887) 16. 
Ayr. We'll tent our flocks by Galla Water, BURNS Galla Wate>, 
St. 3. e.Lth. Tentin' his flocks, MUCKLEBACKIT Rhymes (1885) 5. 
Dmf. Her premium-winning flowers She tents wi' care, QUINN 
Heather (1863) 40. Nhb. 1 , Cum. 4 Wm. I hev duly tented the 
flock, HUTTON Bran New \Vark (1785) 1. 20. n.Yks.' 'Why's 
William Dale not at school ? ' ' Please, Sir, he's tenting moother's 
lahtle coo o' t'Howe;' n.Yks. 24 ne.Yks. 1 He's tentin' bo'ds. 
e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 Dun not they tent aw neet? ii. 305; 
w.Yks. 2 ", Lan. 1 , ne.Lan.'.e.Lan. 1 . m.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 Tenting 
kye i'th' lone. Tenting crows ; Chs. 53 s.Chs. 1 Tent the fire, as 
it doesna go ait. Der. 12 Not. The little lad's gone a crow-tenting 
(L.C.M.) ; Not. 12 s.Not. Sometimes 'e addles a penny or two wi' 
pig-tenting (J.P.K.). Lin. 1 A lad must be put in the lo-hoof to 
tent the birds. n.Lin. 1 Oor Bill's tentin' to'nup-sead e' th' Beck- 
boddoms. When I was a lad I spent moast o' my time tentin' 
craws an' stock-dews. sw.Lin. 1 His feyther wants him to tent 
next week. Lei. 1 Ha yo tented the 'osses ! Nhp. 1 , War. 3 Shr.' 
'Jack, the Maister wants yo' to tent them cows as 'e's jest turned 
i' the leasow.' Ken. He's gone rook tenting (W.F.S.). 

Hence (i) Tent-boy, (2) Tenting-lad, sb. a boy who 
' tents,' or who looks after animals or drives away birds. 

(i) Lin. Here seated in his rustic grace, The ' tent ' boy blew his 
horn, BROWN Lit. Lanr. (1890) 63. (2) n.Lin.' 

2. To pay attention to ; to heed ; to listen to. 

Abd. Henever tents sic triflin' matter, WALKER Bards Bon- Accord 
(1887) 370. Per. Neebour wives, now tent my tellin', FORD Harp 
(1893) 112. se.Sc. Tent me, Tarn, ye may be sure, We town-bred 
lads are unco queer, DONALDSON Perms (1809) 34. Ayr. Tent me, 
Nanny, I'll see thee bleezin' yet at the Cross o' Killwinning, 
SERVICE Notandums (1890) 105. Kcb. An' tents the mavis at ilk 
sten, DAVIDSON Seasons (1789) 25. 

3. To see, observe, notice. 

Sc. This aught days I tented a pyot Sit chatterin' upon the house- 
lieid, CHAMBERS Sngs. (1829) II. 346. Frt Tent her when she 
hides her face, REID Htathtrland (i&gj) 86. s.Sc. Wha withouten 




pleasure Can tent thy fame, thy pith an' treasure, T. SCOTT Poems 
(1793) 356. Ayr. They wha scarcely tent us in their way As 
hardly worth their while, BURNS Ep. to Davie (Jan. 1784) st. 6. 
Bwk. Wi' shame I tent the reason For the ruin that I see, CALDER 
Poems (1897) 83. Gall. Those [charms] still left hae few to tent 
them, NICHOLSON Poet. Wks. (1814) 99, ed. 1897. Cum. 4 

4. To beware, take care. 

Sc. Tent what you say! Shepherds Wedding (1789) 15 ; The 
neist time ye dance, tent wha ye take by the hand, RAMSAY Prov. 
(!737)' Ayr. Haud awa frae the bonnie lass, I rede you tent her 
e'e, SERVICE Dr. Dugtiid (ed. 1887) 106. Lnk. I'd wary tent ilk 
flattering tongue, STRUTHERS Poet. Tales (1838) 145. Cum. Ye 
heedless hauflins that may hap To fa' into their clutches, Tent 
ye, STAGG Misc. Poems (cd. 1807) 143. 

5. To watch ; to lay in wait for ; to watch for an oppor- 
tunity to the disadvantage of another person ; gen. used 
as a threat. 

n.Yks. 1 ; n.Yks. 2 I'll tent thee for't. m.Yks. 1 Chs. I'll tent 
thee, quoth Wood, if I cannot rule my daughter I'll rule my good, 
RAY (1691); Chs. 1 Th' cat's tenting th' rat-hole; Chs. 8 Shr. 1 
I'll tent 'im if 'e osses to do that agen. 

6. To prevent, hinder. 

n.Cy. (HALL.), n.Yks. (W.H.) e.Yks. 1 Ah'll tent tha fre 
comin ti see mah lass. w.Yks. He thinks to come here, but I'll 
tent him, Sheffield Jndep. (1874) ; HUTTON Tour to Caves (1781) ; 
w.Yks. 15 Lan. To keep 'em i' baonds, an' tent 'em fro' breyking 
act o' th' ranks, Accrington Times (May 16, 1868). Chs. 3 s.Chs. 1 
I'll tent him from doin' that. Stf. 1 , Der. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , Not. 2 Lin. 
I doan't knaw how I was to tent him fra it, BROWN Lit. Laur. (1890) 
63 footnote. n.Lin. 1 I've tented my bairns frabackin' utherfoaks's 
bills, fer I've niver bed 'em larnt to write the'r naames. Shr. 1 

7. To stop, stay, delay. 

w.Yks. RORINSON 67. in Leeds Merc. Suppl. (1884). Der. 1 '! 
cannot tent,' I am not at leisure. nw.Der. 1 Lei. 1 Ah caint tent 
to stop now, loike. 

8. To compare ; to count, tally ; to take account. 
n.Yks. 2 m.Yks. 1 To watch for the purpose of comparing or 

enumerating. A term much used in ironical remarks. 

9. To show, teach ; to incline. 

e.Lth. 'Tis that towards union it wud tent The sisters three, 
MUCKLEBACKIT Rhymes (1885) 27. w.Yks. Ah'll tent thee, LUCAS 
Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882) Cl. 

10. To make hay ; to spread and shake about newly- 
mown grass. 

s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 Tenting th' hay, is attending to the making of 
the hay, tedding it, turning it, raking it up, but it does not include 
the operations of mowing or leading. 

11. With about: to occupy oneself. 

Cum. He fettles teah at mworns an" neets, An' tents about, 
DICKINSON Lit. Kent. (1888) 194. 

12. sb. Care, heed ; gen. in phr. to take tent (of or (to, to 
take care (of; to be careful, heedful ; to beware. 

Sc. Grizzle, come up here, and tak tent to the honest auld man, 
SCOTT Midlothian (1818) xxiv. Sh.I. I hed ta tak tent, JUNDA 
Klingrahool (1898) 5. e.Sc. Tak' tent how you quote Scriptur', 
SETOUN Sunshine (1895) 331, Ayr. I stacher'd whyles, but yet 
took tent ay To free the ditches, BURNS Death and Dr. Hornbook 
( 1 7 8 5) st - 3- Lth. Tak tent o' your feet in that worn windin' stair, 
BALLANTINE Poems (1856) 122. Slk. Dinna mind me tak' tent 
o' Mr. North, sir, CHR. NORTH Nodes (ed. 1856) III. 96. Dmf. 
Tak' tent o' the hizzie that's saucy and proud, WALLACE School- 
master (1899) 24. Nhb. She wad nae tak tent o' me in my sorrow, 
JONES Nhb. (1871) 253 ; Nhb. 1 n. Yks. 1 Mind an' tak' tent on 'em ; 
n.Yks. 2 Tak thoo tent o' t'meeal-pooak yamwards, an I'll hug 
t'tatey-skep. ne.Yks. 1 Thoo mun tak tent on 'em. w.Yks. Tak' 
tent o' this baking-bowl, sir, BRONTE Shirley (1849) xxiii; w.Yks. 1 

Hence (i) Tentless, adj. (a) careless, heedless ; (b) un- 
cared for, untended ; (2) Tently, adv. carefully. 

(i, a) Sc. For lonesome lovers they are meet Who saunter forth 
with tentless feet, CUNNINGHAM Sngs. (1813) 33. R n f. I saw them, 
tentless, wander o'er the hight, PICKEN Poems (1813) I. 20. Slk. 
Aye when ony tentless lammie, HOGG Poems (ed. 1865) 96. (A) 
Cai. Wi' ye, puir tentless loun, an' yer stairvin' teethless grannie, 
M f LENNAN Peas. Life (1871) II. 117. Rnf. I'm but a stirk Wha 
tentless staumers i' the mirk, WEBSTER Rhymes (1835) 9 1 - ( a ) 
Lnk. Fu' tently they are keekin, WATSON Poems (1853). 

13. A look ; observation, notice, attention ; gen. in phr. 
to lake tent (of or to, to pay attention (to ; to notice, observe. 

Sc. But you must take tent that I have admitted naebody but 

you, Mr. Trumbull, SCOTT Redg. (1824) xiii. Or.I. She turned to 
tak' a tent, Paety Toral (1880) 1. 139, in ELLIS Pronunc. (1889) V. 
795, 800. Abd. Tak' tent that sticks and stones ha'e lugs, COBBAN 
Angel (1898) 28. Ayr. Mrs. Craig, ye'll take tent of what I have 
said, GALT Legatees (1820) viii. Lth. Tak' tent o' me, my word 
rely on, LUMSDEN Sheep-head (1892) 151. n.Cy. (HALL.) n.Yks. 1 
To pay special attention, give watchful heed ; as for the purpose 
of reckoning or keeping count of objects passing in succession; 
e.g. sheep passing through a gate, bushels of corn measured out, 
or the like ; n.Yks. 2 Tak good tent o' than lean ne.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 ; 
w.Yks. 2 Thah mun tak tent on it. ne.Ian. 1 

Hence Tentless, adj., obs., unnoticed, unheeded, un- 

Ayr. I'll wander on, wi' tentless heed How never-halting 
moments speed, BURNS To ]. Smith (1785) st. 10 ; The time flew 
by with tentless heed, ib. Rigs o' Barley, st. i. 

14. An engagement to look after animals or birds, &c. 
n.Yks. 4 'Tak tent,' to engage oneself to look after, e.g. as a boy 

keeping cows off the land. 

15. Time, patience ; in phr. to take tent, to take time, have 
patience. Sc. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (C.) 16. adj. 
Watchful, attentive ; keen, intent. 

Kcb. Up started Rosy Dougan As tent as if she had been a puss, 
DAVIDSON Seasons (1789) 90 (JAM.) ; As tent upo' the after game 
As hound loos'd frae a kennel, ib. 77. 

[1. Dat fals traitour )>at here was lente, And we trewly 
here for to tente Had vndir tane, York Plays (c. 1400) 412. 
12. Alle creatures to me take tent, ib. 29.] 

TENT, see Taint. 

TENTBOB, sb. Obs. Sur. A small red spider. (K.) 

TENTER, sb. 1 Sc. Nhb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Lin. Also in 
form tenther e.Yks. 1 [te'nta(r.] 1. One who takes 
care of anything; an attendant, keeper. Nhb. (R.O.H.), 
w.Yks. (J.W.), Chs. 1 See Tent, v. 2. One who looks 
after a machine or engine ; a weaver's assistant. 

Frf. I carena a bawbee For a' the West-end tenters that ever 
screwed a key, JOHNSTON Poems (1869) 87. s.Sc. Ye darty 
workers at Tweed Mill, Ye ken oor tenters up the hill, WATSON 
Bards (1859) 72. Nhb. (R.O.H.) w.Yks. 2 Generally used in the 
phrase engine-tenter; w.Yks. 3 Lan. Tha's been dreivin' four 
looms beawt tenter, WOOD Hum. Sketches, 6 ; The name ' tenter' 
was formerly applied to any person who attended to cotton 
manufacturing machinery, but it is now generally used in a more 
restricted sense for the operative who attends to the scutching- 
machine (J.B.S.) ; Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 A young woman employed in 
the card-room of a woollen-factory, or who attends to the 'jack- 
frames ' in a cotton-factory. 

3. A person engaged to look after animals or drive away 

e.Yks. A pig-tenther, coo-tenther, or bod-tenther, NICHOLSON 
Flk. Sp. (1889) 85. e.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , Chs. 3 , n.Lin. 1 sw.Lin. 1 No 
cattle allowed in the lanes without a tenter. They want a bird- 
tenter for the seeds. 

4. A watcher, watchman ; a watch-dog. 

w.Yks. 1 Moor-tenters. Lan. 1 s.Lan. Will he do for a tenter? 
will he bark at night? BAMFORD Walks (1844) 47. Chs. That 
dog's a good tenter (C.J.B.). 

5. Obs. One of the players in the game of ' bear and 
tenter ' ; see below. 

w.Yks. We have, or rather had a few years ago, a game called 
the ' bear and tenter.'. . A boy is made to crawl as a bear upon his 
hands and knees, round whose neck is tied a rope which the keeper 
holds at a few yards' distance. The bystanders then buffet the 
bear, who is protected only by his keeper, who by touching one of 
his assailants becomes liberated. The other is then the bear and 
the buffeted bear becomes the keeper, and so on. If the ' tenter ' 
is sluggish or negligent in defence of his charge it is then that the 
bear growls and the blows are turned upon the guardian, wholly 
or partially as the bear-baiters elect, HONE Table-bk. (1827) II. 364. 

6. The player in charge of the stone in the game of 
' squat ' or ' stone-stown ' (q.v.). w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Suppl. 
(Mar. 26, 1898); ib. (June u, 1898). 7. A person em- 
ployed in making hay. Chs. 1 8. Obs. A hired collector 
of tolls. n.Cy. (HALL.), Nhb. (R.O.H.) 

TENTER, sb. 2 and v. Sc. Yks. Lan. Lin. Nrf. Ken. 
Colloq. Also in form tanter- Nrf. [te'nta(r.] 1. 5*. A 
frame for stretching cloth ; gen. in pi. 

w.Yks. 3 Lan. A field . . . which tenters do fence, TIM BOBBIN 




View Dial. (1740) 127. ne.Lan. 1 Used by dyers and clothiers. 
s.Lan. 1 

2. Comp. (i) Tenter-bauk, a beam to which a butcher's 
meat-hooks are fastened; (2) -croft, (3) -field, a field or 
enclosure where cloth is stretched on ' tenters ' ; (4) 
frames, frames for stretching cloth ; (5) -ground, ground 
where linen, skins, &c. are stretched on 'tenters'; (6) 
hooks, (a) hooks fastened into a wooden framework for 
holding the cloth when being stretched ; (b) hooks from 
which anything is hung; (c)fig. in phr. on tenter-hooks, in 
suspense ; in gen. colloq. use. 

(i) n.Yks. 2 (2) w.Yks. CUDWORTH Manmngham (1896) 125. 
s.Lan.> (3) w.Yks. BANKS Wkfld.Wds. (1865)5; w.Yks.s.s Lan.' 
(4) w.Yks. 5 The tenter-frames are upright bars placed at a short 
distance from each other and connected by other horizontal ones, 
top and bottom, having an array of hooks at equal distances on 
which the cloth is fastened by the listing of both sides. (5) Ken. 1 
(6,0) w.Yks. BANKS Wkfld. \Vds. (1865); (J.M.) s.Lan.' (4) 
w.Yks. 2 T he hooks upon which the valances of a bed are hung. 
n Lin. 1 Strong iron hooks put in ceilingsand the joists of buildings, 
on which bacon and other such things are hung, (c) Sc. Aunt 
Judith and the household were on the tenter-hooks of impatience, 
SCOTT Nigel (1823) xviii. w.Yks. Ah wur on tenter hooks aw th 
tahme we wor e yond hoil (B.K.). n.Lln. 1 To keep on tenter- 
hooks. Nrf. What I said about the name on the card had put my 
gentleman on the tanterhooks, SPILLING Molly Miggs (1902) na. 
9. v. To stretch cloth on ' tenters.' 

w.Yks. Returning home perhaps at day-break, the cloth was 
'tentered' that is, if weather permitted, CUDWORTH Bradford 
(1876) 466. 

Hence Tentering-machine, sb. a machine used for 
stretching and drying cloth. w.Yks. (J.M.) 

[1. Tenture, for clothe (tentowre, S.), tensorium, exten- 
sorium (Prompt.).} 

TENTFUL, adj. Hmp. Wil. Som. [te'ntfl.] Careful, 
attentive ; also used adi'b. 

s.Hmp. He's a very 'tentful man, VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) vi. 
Wil.' Som. He was brought up so tentful '.W.F.R.). 

TENTIFLY, adv. Obs. n.Yks. 2 With attention. 

TENTIVE, adj. Sc. Der. Attentive, careful. 

Edb. Nouther party's tentive how to please, LEARMONT Poems 
(1791) 329. Der. Yo're as 'tentive an' as capable as 0113 one could 
be, GILCHRIST Milton (1902) 97. 

[We shullen do so ententif \Harl. MS. tentyf] bisinesse 
. . . that . . . she shal be hool, CHAUCER C. T. B. 2205.] 

TENTLE,^. e.Lan. 1 [te'ntl.] A small ' tenter-hook ' 

TENTY, adj. and adv. Sc. n.Cy. [te'nti.] L adj. 
Careful, heedful, attentive; watchful, cautious. See Tent, v. 

Sc. Power tenty lads were on the tap hauldin' the line, STEVEN- 
SON CatrioHa (1893) xv. Cat' Elg. Oure moor and moss, cure 
hill and dale, Right tenty was his ee, COUPER Poetry (1804) II 80. 
Per. Prudent, douse, an" tentie Throughout thy life, STEWART 
Character (1857) 57. s.Sc. I'm aye a verra tenty and frugal body, 
SNAITH Fierceheart (1897) 65. Ayr. Jean slips in twa, wi' tentie 
e'e, BURNS Hallowe'en (1785) St. 8. Feb. Some to be tenty, some 
advisan', Lintotin Green (1685) 153, ed. 1817. Dmf. 'Tweed' 
micht chase ye tae display His tentie care, QUINN Heather (1863) 
38. n.Cy. Border Gl. (Coll. L.L.B.) 

Hence Tentily, adv. carefully, heedfully, cautiously. 

Sc. Syne tentily he it bestowed Within the breist o' my ain 
Jean, ALLAN Lilts '1874) 221. Sh.I. [He] clamb tentily ower, 
BURGESS Rasniie ( 1892) 9. Cat. 1 Ayr. Richt gentilie an' tentilie 
I bore her to a biel, AINSLIE Land of Burns (ed. 1892) 339. Dmf. 
Frae mornin' till nicht ye wad tentily gang, REID Poems (1894) 46. 
Gall. Looking tentily to my sheep, CROCKETT Standard Beam' 
(1898) 6. 
2. adv. Carefully, attentively ; cautiously. 

Bnff. 1 Gang tentie, an" nae lat thim hear's. Slg. There is ane 
within your toon Shall tentie watch when ony loon May cater ill, 
BUCHANAN Poems (1901) 36. Ayr. Some tentie rin A cannie 
errand to a neebor town, BURNS Cotter's Sat. Night (i-]8$\ sL 4. 
Edb. Sac lassies, tentie hear the chield, M c DowALL Poems 
(1839 43- 

TEP, see Tap, v. 1 

TEPPEL, sb. Der. 2 [te'pl.] The leather on a boy's 
cap, the ' neb.' 

TEPPIT, TEPPY, see Tabet, Tippy, sb. 


TEPPY-TIN, 56. Yks. [te-pi-tin.] A small tin used 
for cooking tarts, &c. w.Yks. (H.L.) 

TEPTIOUS, adj. Cum. Lan. fte'r/ss.] Snappish, 
captious ; irritating ; treacherous, changeable, not to be 
depended upon. 

Cum. It was a tcptious kind iv a thing tcu, for if fwok gat 
t'wrang way on't, it wassen't to tell t'mischecves it wad ha' deun 
them, RICHARDSON Talk (1876) 2nd S. 154 ; Cum. 4 , ne.Lan. 1 

TER, sb. Obs. n.Cy. Yks. Anger, passion, head- 
strong resolution. n.Cy. GROSE (1790). w.Yks. HUTTON 
Tour to Caves (1781). Cf: tear, v. 1 II. 14, tirr. 

TER, see Ta, Thou. 

TERBUCK, v. and sb. Sc. [tarbtrk.] 1. v. To 
make a false move in play; to check an opponent for 
making a false move in play ; to catch one tripping. See 

w.Sc. If a person on making a false move in a game of skill 
calls out ' trcbuck ' or ' trabuck me ' before his opponent he has 
the right to move again ; but if his opponent is the first to call 
out 'trebuck' or ' terbuck you,' the player is checked and must 
pay the forfeit (JAM. Sufpl., s.v. Trebuck). 
2. sb. A false move in play, a slip ; a check or trip in a 
game of skill, ib. 

TERCE, sb. Sc. Also in form tierce. A legal term ; 
see below. 

Sc. A liferent competent by law to widows who have not 
accepted of a special provision of the third of the heritable subjects 
in which their husbands died infefts, ERSKINE Instil, bk. ii. tit, 9, 
s. 44 (JAM.) ; The mute of ane reasonable tercc perteining to 
women as lauchfull wives, be reason of the decease of their 
husbandes, SKEKE Dijffiiill Wds. (1681) 116. Abd. Proper wad- 
setters, pensioners, conjunct fiars, ladies terces, and others, 
SPALDING Hist. Sc. (1792) II. 97. 

Hence (i) Terced, ppl. adj. divided into three parts ; (2) 
Tercer or Tiercer, sb. a widow who is legally entitled to 
the third part of her deceased husband's property. 

(i) Sc. With terced estu by mumjanc'd chosen post The 
sufferer's restor'd to what he lost With respect to the clame of 
right, MAIDHENT Pasquils (1868) 186. (2) Sc. A term still 
commonly used in our courts of law (JAM.). 

TERD, TERE, see Taird, Teer. 

TERECKLY, see To-reckly. 

TEREY,a#. Obs. Shr. Tapering to a point. BOUND 
Provinc. (1876) ; (HALL.) 

TERI, sb. Sc. [ta'ri.] A name given to a native of 
Hawick. See Teribus. 

Rxb. Here's to each Teri true, At hame and o'er ocean blue 1 
MURRAY ffauick Sags. (1892) 28. 

TERIBUS, sb. Also in form teeribus (JAM.). In phr. 
Teribus ye (and) ten odin, the war-cry of the town of 
Hawick. See Teri. 

Rxb. This, according to tradition, was that of the band which 
went from Hawick to the battle of Flodden ; and it is still shouted 
by the inhabitants of the borough, when they annually ride the 
marches (JAM.); The war-cry of the men of Hawick at the battle 
of Flodden, and still preserved in the traditions of the town. The 
full chorus is often sung at festive gatherings. . . ' Teribus ye teri 
odin, Sons of heroes slain at Flodden, Imitating Border bowmen 
Aye defend your rights and common,' MACKAY. 

TERJER, see Targer. 

TERM, sb. and v. Sc. Cum. Wm. Dev. Cor. Also 
written tirm Dev. ; and in forms tarm Cum. 1 ; tearm 
Lakel. 2 Cum. 1 ; teeram Cum. 1 ; tierm Lakel. 2 Wm. 
[tarm, tarn.] L sb. Half-yearly holidays at Whitsun- 
tide and Martinmas ; hiring day. 

Sc. At Mairtinmas ; I daursay it micht be suner were I oot the 
road ; but I canna get a place till the term, SWAN Gates of Eden 
(cd. 1895) ii. Lnk. Marrit at the term? The morn if ye like, 
Jean, GORDON Pyotshaw (1885) 177. lakel. 2 Cum. Oor man 
hed gean off to tak his tearm, Willy Wattle (1870) 3 ; He dudn't 
knoa bit he wad a hire't meh, theer an then, well t'teeram, 
SARGISSON Joe Scoop (1881) 77 ; Cum. 1 

Hence (i) Term-time, sb. Whitsuntide or Martinmas ; 
hiring time ; May-day ; (2) -week, sb. a week's holiday 
observed at Whitsuntide or Martinmas. 

(i) Per. Here we're at our hin'most neep, An' term time near 
HALIBURION Ochil Idylls (1891) 65. Cum. Martinmas credit and 




Tceram time done, DICKINSON Cumbr. (1876) 353. n.Yks. (I.W.) 
(2) Wm. Ah'll cum ta see ye at t'tierm week if o bi weel (B.K.). 
2. Phr. (i) term an' life or termin life, for ever, finally ; 
(2) of a time, a long time. 

(i) Sh I. Der fa'n oot, an' sinder'd for term an' life, Sh. News 
(May 28, 1898). Lth. It will last termin life (JAM.), (a) Cor. 1 
She's bin a term of a time over her work. 
3. v. To bound, border. 

e.Dev. Yer belly's a wheyte-heap a-tirm'd off wi' lilies, POLMAN 
Sng. Sot. (1860) vii. 2. 
TERM, see Terrem. 

TERMAGANT, sb. Obs. Sc. The ptarmigan, Lagopus 
mutus. Gl. Sibb. (1802) (JAM.). 

TERN, sb. Nhb. Cor. [tarn, tan.] 1. The sandwich 
tern, Sterna canliaca. 

Nhb. In the Farn Islands this species is called 'the tern' far 
e.\- ellcnce, all other kinds having the name ' sea swallows,' SWAIN- 
EON Birds ( 1 885) 204. 

2. The bittern, Bolaurns stellaris. Cor. 1 2 
TERNAL, TERNATION, see Tarnal, Tarnation. 
TERNER, sb. Nrf. The common tern, Sterna fluvia- 
tilis. EMERSON Birdi (ed. 1895) 306. 

TER-OUSEL, sb. Yks. The ring-ousel, Turdus for- 

w.Yks. So the word is pronounced by some in the neighbour- 
hood of Sheffield, the two words being pronounced as one word, 
and the accent being on the second syllable (S.O.A.). 
TERR, TERRA, see Tir(r, Turr, sb. 1 
TERRACE, sb. 1 Lin. Wor. [ta'ras.] 1. A raised 
footpath by the side of a road. n.Lin. 1 2. A slope 
or clin". 

Wor. The Avon flows at the foot of the terrace, ALLIES Antiq. 
Flk-Lore (1849") 94, ed. 1852 ; The wide spread terrace that slopes 
upward from the river's bank, MAY Hist. Evesham ^2nd ed.) 363, 
in ALLIES ib. 337 ; The terrace here spoken of is the natural 
slope (on the top of which are the traces of a Roman road) 
descending from the table land of this part of the Cotswolds to the 
Avon, and is known as the Marl Cleeve, or Marl Cliff (E.S.). 

TERRACE, sb. 2 Yks. Chs. Also written terras 
n.Yks. : and in form tarras Chs. 1 [ta'ras.] A particular 
kind of mortar ; also in comp. Terrace-mortar. 

n.Yks. A brick floor is laid in terras, HUNTER Georgical Essays 
(1803) II. 104. Chs. 1 Strong lime and hair mortar, such as is used 
for pointing slates. [Lined it throughout with bricks set in terrace 
mortar, HUNTER ib. III. 276.] 
TERRAS, see Terrace, sb. 2 

TERREM, sb. Sh.I. Also in form term. A long 
small gut of a sheep ; the wheel-band of a spinning-wheel. 
See Tharm. 

SPF.NCE Flk-Lore (1899) 183; S. & Ork. 1 With [it] the 'posh' 
is strung; used also for bands to a spinning-wheel. 

TERRIBLE, adj. and adv. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. 
and Eng. Also written terrable Cum. s.Lan. 1 ; terribl' 
Sc.; and in forms taarble Cum. 1 ; tarble Sh.I. N.I. 1 Dev.; 
tarrable Cum. 14 I. Ma. ; tarr'ble Nhb.; tarrible Nhb. 1 
Dur.; terble Ir. Dur. Lakel. 2 Wm. ne.Lan. 1 Brks. 1 Wil. 
Dor. ; terraayble Brks. 1 ; terr'ble Sc. w.Yks. e.Ken. 
Som. ; tirrible w.Yks. ; turble Dor. ; turrabul Dev. 
[ta'ribl, ta'rabl.] 1. adj. Used as an intensitive : great, 
tremendous, extraordinary. 

Per. He was a terrible scholar and a credit tae the parish, IAN 
MACLAREN Brier Bush (1895) i. Ayr. We took terr'ble traiks on 
the Saturdays, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 28. Wgt. She 
was an awfu' religious buddy, and a terrible hand at Scripture, 
SAXON Gall. Gossip (1878) 10. N.I. 1 Nhb. 1 Thor's a tarrible site 
o' weeds i' that crop. Dur. Meg Toppin's a tarrible comfort, 
GUTHRIE Kitty Fagan (1900) 107. Lakel. 2 We've a ter'ble lot 
on't doon. Cum. She was a terrable body fer axen questins, 
SARGISSON Joe Scoap (1881) 174; Cum. 4 , w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. 
I've a terrible wish to make you known to each other, GASKELL 
M. Button (1848) iv. n.Lin. 1 You've gotten a terrible lot o' books 
e' this here big room o' yours, squire. Glo. 1 Brks. 1 Ther be a 
terraayble lot o' young rabbuts this year to be zure. e.Ken. A 
terr'ble lot (G.G.). Dor. It be a ter'ble Iwoad off my mind, AGNUS 
Jan Oxber (1900) 36. Dev. The teaties be all a getten coold, an' 
tes a tar'ble pity ! Longman's Mag. (Dec. 1896) 156. 
2. Very intimate, ' thick.' 
Ox'. 1 They be terrible folks, they be. w.Som. 1 Her's terrible 

way my missus, but I baint no ways a-tooltt up way her myzul. 
They two young osbirds be terrible together. 
3. adv. Used as an intensitive : very, very much, ex- 
ceedingly, extremely ; extraordinarily. 

Sc. He . . . misca'd him terrible, Scotih Haggis, 49. Sh.I. Da 
fire wis smokin' most tarble, CLARK N. Gleams (1898) 56. ne.Sc. 
He's a terribl' clever fallow is P. W., GORDON Northward Ho 

(1894) 53. Per. They're terrible disappointed, Sabbath Nights 
(1899) 9. Lnk. He was terrible pleased, FRASER Whaups (1895) 
149. Ir. She did be terrible short o' company, BARLOW Martin's 
Comp. (1896) 7. n.Ir. A wuz aye terble fand o' horses, LYTTLE 
Paddy McQuillan, 10. Nhb. Aa've heard tell he's a tarr'ble fine 
scholard, PEASE Mark o' Deil (1894) 28; Nhb. 1 Dur. February's 
a ter'ble long time for to wait, Longmans Mag. (July 1897) 257. 
Lakel. 2 We're hev'n ter'ble fine wedder fer oor hay. Cum. 14 
Wm. A wes terble flaete, Spec. Dial. (1885) pt. iii. 3. w.Yks. I'm 
in terr'ble good an' sound health o' body (F.P.T.). Lan. Th' warlt's 
gerrin ter'ble wickit, BOWKER Tales (1882) 65. ne.Lan.', e.Lan. J , 
s.Lan. 1 I.Ma. The cow was still tarrable bad, RYDINGS Tales 

(1895) 1 14. Chs. 1 I'm terrible glad to see you ; Chs. 3 Der. I'm 
terrible much obliged to he, VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) iv. nw.Der. 1 , 
War.= s. War. 1 He's terrible fond of the little 'un. Oxf. These 
be terrible hard times (G.O.). Brks. 'Tis a ter'ble girt way off, 
HAYDEN Round our Vill. (1901) 23. Ken. 1 He's a terrible kind 
husband. Frost took tops terrible. Sur. 1 ' How's your missus? ' 
' Oh ! tarrible ornary sure-ligh.' Sus. 1 Hmp. 1 He gets terrible 
handy. Wil. 'See's terble nippy on young rabbits, KENNARD 
Diogenes (1893) vi ; Wil. 1 Dor. I s'pose we mun't expect this 
weather to last tur'ble long (C.W.) ; ' Terrible comical ' [very un- 
well] (C.V.G.). Som. Measter took to the man terr'ble, RAYMOND 
Love and Quiet Life (1894) 50. Dev. Idden Mrs. Joss turrabul fine 
tu-day? HEWETT Peas. Sf. (1892) 138; So tarble weist, BLACK- 
MORE Christowell (1881) ii. Cor. Terrible shy he looks, poor chap ! 
' Q.' Three Ships (ed. 1892) 12. 

TERRIBLY, adv. Cum. Lan. Also written terrably 
Cum. [ta'ribli.] Much, considerably. 

Cum. We bed a cup o' tea, an' fand ooarsels terrably freshened, 
FARRALL Betty Wilson (1876) no. Lan. He's kept hissel' terribly 
to hissel, WAUGH Heather (ed. Milner) II. 163. 

TERRICK, sb. Obs. Dev. A trifle; a little thing. 

I have another terrick for you to do, Horae Subsecivae (1777) 428. 

TERRIE, sb. 1 Sc. Also in form tarrie Sc. (JAM.) 
[ta'ri ; ta'fi.] A terrier ; also used attrib. 

Per. (.G.W.) Rnf. We clamb the braes like tarries, PICKEN 
Poems (:8i3) II. 124; PICKEN Poems (1788) Gl. (JAM.) Ayr. A 
tarrie dog (JAM.). Lnk. Our wee hairy terrie his courage could 
chill, EDWARDS Mod. Poets, 5th S. 235. 

TERRIE, sb. 2 Sh.I. [ta'ri.] A kind of loft or shelf 
in the roof of a house. S. & Ork. 1 

TERRIER, sb. 1 Sc. Cum. Also in form tarrier Cum. 

1. A keeper of terriers. 

Cum. Theer was tarrier Gash, an' tyelleyer How, GILPIN Sngs. 
(1866) 273. 

2. Fig. A man of bad temper and character; a pugnacious 

Ayr. Ye're a terrier when in a passion, Charlie, GALT Sir A. 
Wylie (1822) v. Cum.Thoo nasty, durty,impident tarrier(E.H.P.). 

TERRIER, sb. 2 Obs. Chs. Lin. Rut. Sus. Also in 
forms tarrier' n.Lin. 1 Rut. 1 ; tarry n.Lin. 1 A survey and 
register of lands ; a catalogue of lands. 

Chs. We have required a certificate . . . and a true terrier of the 
estate, GASTRELL Notitia Cestriensis (c. 1707) in Cheth. Soc. Publ. 
(1845) VIII. 351. n.Lin. 1 For giuinge in a tarrye of the vickarage 
land, iiirf., Kirton-in- Lindsey Ch. Ace. (1638). Rut 1 The survey 
of ecclesiastical estates. ' For a tarrier of the gleb land, as.,' Ch- 
warden's Ace. (1720). Sus. 1 Two terriers were made at Brighton 
in the last century. 

[Fr. papier terrier, a court-roll, or catalogue of all the 
several names, parcels, rents, and services belonging to, 
or yielded by, the tenants of a Manor (CoxoR.).] 

TERRIER, sb? Cum. 14 A tuber on the stem of a 
potato-plant, (s.v. Top-'taties.) 

TERRIFICATION, sb. Sc. [tariflke'Jan.] Terror, 
anything causing terror. 

Cai. 1 Bnff. To go scouring the hills in search of adders, or to 
bring them home to the ' terrification ' of his neighbours, SMILES 
Natur. (1876) 47, ed. 1893. Ayr. There was an outcry and a 
roaring that was a terrification to hear, GALT Provost (1822) x. 


[6 7 ] 


TERRIFICK, adj. Obs. Sc. Afraid, terrified. 

Edb. Made mony guid chiels melancholy . . . And terrifick of 
futurity, LIDDLE Poems (1821) 205. 

TERRIFY, v. and sb. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. Won. Shr. 
Hrf. Glo. Oxf. Brks. Bdf. e.An. Ken. Sur. Sus. Hmp. Wil. 
Som. Dev. Cor. Also in forms tarrafy Nrf. ; tarrlfy 
Lin. Brks. Cmb. Sus. 1 ; torrify Ken. ; turrivy Brks. 1 
[ta'rifai.] 1. v. To annoy, irritate ; to tease, worry ; to 
importune ; to torment, pain. 

Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 1 can't terrify myself with no books. The rash did 
terrify me so. War. 8 Wor. It is a complaint about amongst 
children; it ain't no hurt, only it is so terrifying (H.K.). w.Wor. 1 
'E canna get a wink a slip uv a night; 'is cough is terrifyin'. 
s.Wor. 1 , se.Wor. 1 Shr.' This cut o' my finger terrifies me 
mightily, I canna get on 66th my work. These gnats do so 
terrify the child. Hrf. 1 Stones ' terrify ' a man digging ; Hrf. 2 
Glo. ' Terrify him, sir ; keep on terrifying of him.' This does not 
mean that you are to frighten the fish ; on the contrary, he is 
urging you to stick to him till he gets tired of being harassed, and 
succumbs to temptation, GIBBS Cotswold Vilt. (1898) 164; Glo. 1 
Oxf. 1 MS. add. Brks. All them carters and foggers gin up tarri- 
fyin' ma fur bein' a shepherd arter that, HAYDEN Round our Vill. 
(1901) 317 ; Brks. 1 What dost want to turrivy the child vor, gie un 
back his marvels, an' let un alo-an. Bdf. My bobbins do terrify me 
(J.W.B.); BATCHELOR Anal. Eng. Lang. (1809) 146. e.An. 1 A 
blister or a caustic is said to terrify a patient. Nrf. How the flies 
do tarrafy the poor hosses this showery weather! (W.P.E.) 
Suf. He has been terrified all night by those insects, ./V. (J Q. 
(1876) sth S. vi. 56; Suf. 1 Ess. That hoss, with flies, poor thing, 
Look how he's terrified, CLARK /. Noakes (1839) st. 100; Ess. 1 
Ken. When a boot pinches, it is said to terrify (G.B.); Ken. 1 
Sur. 1 We've had a good deal of what I call terrifying sickness, 
colds and suchlike, but nothing serious. Sns. 12 , Hmp. 1 Wit. 1 
Her husband, who had been out in the fields, came home and began 
to 'terrify' her, Marlborough Times (Nov. 26, 1892). w.Som. 1 
Uur z au-vees tuureefuyeen ur mau'dhur vur tu lat ur goo-. 
Dhai bwuwyz bee mmf 1 tu tuureefuy un ee bau'dee tu dath'. 
Dev. A workman said his work was so difficult that it terrified 
him. Reports Provinc. (1877) 140. nw.Dev. 1 s.Dev., e.Cor. ./V. if 
Q. (1876) 5th S. vi. 6. Cor. ib. i. 434. 

2. To damage, injure, destroy. 

War. 24 s.War. 1 They've been terrifying my cabbages. Glo. 1 
Brks. Thay wapses do terrify our plums (C.W.). Ken. 1 The rooks 
' terrify the beans.' Sus. 1 The meece just have tarrified my peas 
(s.v. Meece). Wil. A hailstorm terrifies the apple-blossoms 

3. To seize, tear out ; to shake. 

War. I terrified the cloth out of the window, N. If Q. (1868) 
3rd S. iv. 126 ; War. 8 More frequently applied to animate things, 
such as a dog shaking a rat. e.An. 1 Nrf. I'll terrify your vitals, 
N. & Q. ib. 178. 

4. To puzzle, perplex. 

w.Wor. 1 It's terrifying to knaow what to do far the best. Bdf. 

5. To astonish. s.Wor. 1 6. To fret, to be anxious about 
nothing. Hmp. 1 7. To break up land fine ; to hoe con- 

Glo. 1 w.Som. 1 You can't never get urd o' that there stuff, nif 
you don't keep on terrifyin' o' it 

8. sb. A source of worry or trouble. 

Wil. 1 A bed-ridden woman who has to get her neighbours to do 
everything for her is ' a terrible terrify' to them. 

9. The treacle-mustard, Erysimum cheiranthoides. 

Lin. MILLER & SKERTCHLY Fenland (1878) x. Cmb. i^B. & H.) 

TERRILOO, sb. and v. Lakel. [taTUu.] 1. sb. A 
great commotion. 

Lakel. 2 Set t'dog on amang t'geese, an' ther'll be a terriloo. 
2. v. To make a great commotion. (B.K.) 

TERRIT, 5*. Obs. War. [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] A clump of trees. (HALL.) 

TERRY, sb. Sc. In phr. what the terry f an oath, 

What the terry do you mean ? What the terry is this all about? 

TERRY, v. Obs. Nhp. 2 To provoke, torment. See 
Ter, si. 

TERRY, see Teery. 

TERRY- ALT, sb. Irel. See below. 

The man was suspected of being a ' Terry-Alt,' or a member of 
a local agrarian conspiracy, MAcDoMAM tr. Lift (1898) 22. 

TERRY-DIDDLE, see Terry-divil. 

TERRY DIVIL, sb. Chs. Also in form terry-diddle. 
The bitter-sweet nightshade, Solatium Dulcamara. Cha." 
Cf. tether-devil, s.v. Tether, sb. 1 1 (a). 

TERSE, sb. and v. Obs. n.Sc. (JAM.) [Not known to 
our correspondents.] 1. sb. A dispute, debate. 2. v . 
To dispute, contend. 

TERSY, sb. Nhb. Dur. I.Ma. Lin. Also in forms 
tarsy Nhb. e.Dur. 1 ; terzy n.Lin. 1 ; turzie Nhb. [ta'zi ; 
ta'zi.] A round game ; the game of ' twos and threes.' 
Also m comp. Tarsy-warsy. 

Nhb. (R.O.H.) ; For tarsy warsy some did cry, While cricket 
balls around us fly, ALLAN Tyneside Sags. (1891) a88. e.Dur. 1 
The players form a double ring by standing in a circle with a space 
between each, while each player has another standing immediately 
behind him. There is one odd player who stands, as third, 
behind any of the other two. A player standing in the centre 
then tries to ' tig ' or touch the inside player who has two behind 
him, while the latter, to avoid being caught, must either run behind 
the two standing behind him, or behind any other two in the ring. 
Thus another is brought to the front rank, and if caught before he 
can place himself behind another couple, becomes in his turn the 
pursuer, while the late pursuer takes his place in the ring. I. Ma. 
They were playin' at tersey, and a big ring of them, and Nora 
had the han'kercher and drapt it behint a gel. RYDINGS Ta/is 
(1895) 39. n.Lin. 1 Any number of players form in a double circle, 
except two, one of whom runs in front of any two. The other 
outside the circle runs round and touches the back of one of the 
three, who in his turn becomes the catcher, and the one who had 
been catching goes into the middle of the circle to take the place 
of the first. 

TERSY-VERSY, adv. Sc. Cum. Also in form 
tarsie-versie Rxb. (JAM.) [ta'rzi-varzi.] Topsy-turvy, 
in confusion or disorder ; walking backwards. 

Slk. Doiting up ... amang the sheep . . . putting them a' 
tersyversy, HOGG Tales (1838) 302, ed. 1866. Rxb. (JAM.), Cum. 1 * 

TERT, TERTCHY, see Tart, adj., Tetchy. 

TERTIAN, sb. Sc. [ta'rjan.] A student of the third 
session. Sc. (JAM.) Abd. At Abd. University (A.W.). 

TERTLE, see Tartle, v. 1 

TERVEE, v. and sb. Som. Dev. Cor. Also written 
tervy w.Som. 1 ; turvee n.Dev. ; and in forms tarve, 
tarvy Cor. 1 2 ; turve Som. [ta'vi.] 1. v. To struggle ; 
to writhe. See Tave, v. 1 3. 

Som. Some one describing an ill indeed, dying child said ' he 
seemed just to turve and turve and keep on turving ' G.H.L.). 
w.Som. 1 Dev. Ya nidden keep on trying to tervee with Jackie j 
'e'll be a gQde bwoy ef yd lets 'n bide, HEWETT Peas. Sp. (.1892). 
n.Dev. But thof ha ded vigger and . . . tervee, Exm. Scold. U74 6 ) 
1. 216. Cor. 12 

2. To rage, storm. See Tave, f. 1 1. 
Cor. 1 ; Cor. 2 Tarving about in a rage. 

3. sb. A stir, commotion. 

Cor. There's no hurry. There is no reason to be i' such a tarve, 
BARING-GOULD Curgenven (1893) xlvi. 

TERVY, TERYVEE, see Tervee, Tirrivee. 

TERZY, TESMENT, see Tersy, Testament 

TESSY, adj. Sus. [te'si.] Angry, fractious, cross ; 
a dial, form of ' testy.' 

A. tessy child. A tessy cat (G.A.W.) ; Sus. 1 

TEST, sb. 1 Sc. See below. 

Ayr. The first peculiarity of the school days sixty years ago . . . 
is the use and abuse of the test. . . The test was a little bit of 
wood of cylindrical form, about ten inches in length, and was 
placed in an aperture of the door, and in sight of the master. 
When a pupil wished to go out of school ... he went up to the 
master and said, ' Please, the test, Sir.' If the test was in the 
aperture near the door, the boy was allowed to go, and no 
individual could get out till the test was returned to its place, 
WHITE Jottings (1879) 66. 

TEST, sb. 3 and v. Sc. [test] 1. sb. A will, testament 

Ayr. By an eik to his test he left to Peter Searle the soom of 
five shillings, SERVICE Notandums , 1890) 13. 
2. v. In phr. to test upon it, to bequeath, to leave by will. 

Sc. I will test upon it at my death, SCOTT Pirate (i8a) vi. 

K 2 




TESTAMENT, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. Also in forms 
tesment Sc. (JAM.) Bnff. 1 ; test'ment Sc. [te'stament.] 

1. sb. A last will. 

n.Sc. (JAM.) ; He made his tesment ere he gaed, And the wiser 
man was he, BUCHAN Ballads (1828) II. 130, ed. 1875. 

Hence to make one's tesment in a rope, pltr. to be hanged. 

n.Sc. (JAM.) Abd. To think to lead my life wi' sic an ape, I'd 
rather mak my tesment in araip, Ross Helenore{ 1768) 36, ed. 1812. 

2. The thing bequeathed, a legacy. Abd. (JAM.) 

3. The New Testament. 

Sh.I. I didna hear what point o'da Bible or Testament hit wisin, 
Sfi.News(]an.26, 1901). Cal. The Testament, and next 'the Bible,' 
are regular class books, M'LENNAN Peas. Life (1871) I. xvii. Dmf. 
The Testament was his school-book, SHENNAN Tales (1831) 53. 
Uls. A' wud like tae commit tae ye'r care a wee bit Taestament, 
M C !LROY Craiglinnie (1900) 26. w.Yks. (J.W.) 

4. Comp. Testament-man, obs., a Protestant. 

Fif. Skail that mad ill-gainshon'd byke O' Test'ment-men that 
doth us fyke, TENNANT Papistry (1827) 103. 

5. v. To leave by will ; to bequeath. 

Bnff. 1 Ayr. What's cross'd the craig Can ne'er be testamented, 
AINSLIE Land of Burns (ed. 1892) 198. 

TESTIE, see Teistie. 

TESTIFF, adj. Obs. n.Yks. 2 Wilful, headstrong. 

[Testif they were, and lusty for to pleye, CHAUCER 
C. T. A. 4004.] 

TESTIFICAT(E, 53. Obs. Sc. A certificate, testi- 

Sc. A certificate of character in writing in consequence of which 
a person has liberty to pass from one place to another (JAM.) ; 
The said commissioners are hereby ordained to deliver to every 
such person a testificate which testificate is to serve as a free 
pass to all who have the same, CROOKSHANK Hist. (1751) II. 236 
(i'A.) ; The attestation given by a kirk session of the moral character 
of a church-member when about to leave the district (JAM.). Abd. 
With a testificate that their presents were read at their churches, 
SPALDING Hist. Sc. (1792) II. 190. Ayr. No other parish would 
admit strangers within its bounds without testificates of character 
from the one thty left, JOHNSTON Kilmallie (1891) I. 66. e.Lth. 
To produce ' testificats ' or ' testimonials, 1 either of their respecta- 
bility, or that they ' had been helpit by uther Kirkis,' WADDELL 
Old Kirk C/ir. (1893)62. 

TESTIFICATION, sb. Obs. Sc. A certificate, testi- 

Per. To bring ane testification from the Minister ofCuparin- 
Fife, LAWSON Bk. of Per. (1847) 219. Ayr. It's a great honour 
and testification, my lad, that ye should be invited to dine at the 
Place, G\i.rSirA. tVylie (1822) Ixxxix. Hdg. He has shawin to 
me his testification y l he ismaryit sen he came out of our parochin, 
RHCHIES/. Baldred (1883) 174. 

TESTORN, adj. Obs. Dev. Testy, quick to anger. 
Home Subsecivae (1777) 429. 

TESTREL, TESTRIL, see Taistrel. 

TESTY, v. Glo. . [te-sti.] To testify. 

I can testy to that, GISSING VUl. Hampden (1890) I. xi. 

TET, sb. Brks. Hmp. Dor. Som. Dev. Also in form 
tetty Hmp. Dor. Som. Dev. [tet] A teat, the nipple 
of a breast or udder. See Tit, sb. 3 , Titty, sb. 3 

Brks. (s.v. Tit). Hmp. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (M.) Dor. 
BARNES Gl. (1863^. Som. Er babby ... for tha tetty cried, 
JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825) 176. w.Som. 1 One o' Daisy's 
tets is so zore I can't hardly tich o' her. n.Dev. Es wont ha' ma 
tetties a grabbled zo, Exm. Crt&hp. (1746) 1. 376. e.Dev. We've 
got a smoal sister, an' her got no tetts, PULMAN Sng. Sol. (1860) 
viii. 8. [The cow's dug by some is called the tet, WORLIDGE Diet. 

[On was tette he sone aue* lagt, Gen. &* Ex. (c. 1250) 

TET, v. Obs. Glo. To tease, provoke; to chafe. 
florae Subsecivae (1777) 499. See Tit, v? 

TET, see Ted, v? 

TET AW, sb. Ken. 12 [te't^.] A simpleton, fool. 

TETCH, sb. 1 and v. Cum. [tetj.] 1. sb. Obstinacy, 
restiveness ; gen. in phr. to take t'tetch, to be restive, to 
refuse to move. Cf. tetchy. 

Nater began to tak t'tetch wid him, an' wadden'tbe meadghem 
on enny langer, RICHARDSON Talk (1876) 2nd S. 73 ; Cam. 1 * 
2. v. To be obstinate or restive. Cum. 14 

TETCH, sb. 2 Som. Dev. [tetj.l A habit, gait. 

w.Som. 1 Dev. It's a tetch she's got, Reports Provinc. (1886) 101. 

[Tetch'e, or maner of condycyone, mos, condicio 

TETCH, TETCHUS, see Touch, Touchous. 

TETCHY, adj. Sc. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. Lin. Lei. War. 
Wor. Shr. Hrf. Glo. Oxf. Brks. e.An. Ken. I.W. Dor. 
Som. Dev. Cor. and Amer. Also written techy Der. 2 
nw.Der. 1 War. 4 s.Cy. Amer.; and in forms teachy n.Lin. 1 
Glo. ; teechy s.Lan. 1 ; tertchy Not. ; titchy Brks. 1 e.An. 1 
I.W. 1 Som. [te-tji.] 1. Peevish, irritable, short- 

tempered ; easily offended or angered. See Tatchy, 
Tetch, sb. 1 , Touchy. 

Fit Her lean-cheek'd tetchy critics, TENNANT Anster (1812) 38, 
ed. 1871. n.Yks. 4 , w.Yks. (W.C.D.), ne.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Der. 2 , 
nw.Der. 1 , Not. 1 s.Not. How tertchy the child is, to be sure 
(J. P.K.i. n.Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 War. 4 She be mortal techy about summat. 
w.Wor. 1 Shr., Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). Glo. fforae Subsecivae 
(1777)429. Oxf. There's no need to be so tetchy (G.O.). Brks. 1 , 
e.An. 1 , Nrf. (M.C.H.B.), Suf. 1 , Ess. 1 s.Cy. RAY (1691). Ken. 
She was so tetchy (D.W.L.). I.W. 1 Dor. BARNES Gl. (1863). 
Som. SWEETMAN IVincatiton Gl. (1885). w.Som. 1 Uur-z u maa-yn 
tuch-ee oa'l dhing, uur liz- naew. Dev. Reports Provinc. (1883) 93. 
Cor. (M.A.C.) [Amer. Them mount'n boys is apt to be a bit 
techy with strangers, BRADLEY Virginia (1897) 220.] 

Hence Tetchiness, sb. ill-temper, crabbedness. 

w.Som. 1 Her's good-lookin' enough, but there's too much 
tetchiness about her vor me. 

2. Applied to land that is difficult to work or manage. 
e.Cy. (HALL.) Nrf. You can't get on that land when yer like, 

not ivery day ; if yer plough or roll when 'tis wet yer dew more 
harm nor good; that land's wonnerful tetchy, I can tell yer 

3. Of the weather: changeable, fickle. Nrf. (M.C.H.B.) 
[1. And he's as tetchy to be woo'd to woo As she is 

stubborn-chaste against all suit, SHAKS. Tr. &-= Cr. i. i. 99.] 
TETER-CUM-TAWTER, see Titter-totter. 
TETH, sb. Obs. Sc. Also in form teeth (JAM.). 

Temper, disposition ; spirit, mettle. Sc. MACKAY. Fif. 

QAM.) Hence Ill-teeth'd, ppl. adj. having a bad temper, 

ill-humoured. Fif. (JAM.) 
TETH, int. Sc. [teb.] An exclamation. 

Sc. But teth ! we'll open\ first, I ween, Ballads (1885) 9. Rnf. 
Here teth nae langer he durst stay about, CLARK Rhymes (1842) 
22. Lnk. I ... began to read, But teth it gart me claw my head, 
M C !NDOE Poems (1805) 50. 

TETHER, sb. 1 and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. Also in forms tather Shr. 1 ; teather Sc. ; tedder 
Sc. QAM.) S. & Ork. 1 Lakel. 2 Cum. ne.Lan. 1 [te"rSa(r.] 
1. sb. In comb.(i) Tether-chack, a piece of iron or wood 
affixed to a tether by which it is secured to the ground ; 
(2) -devil, (a) the bitter-sweet nightshade, Solanum Dul- 
camara ; (b) the bind-corn, Polygonum convolvulus ; (3) 
-end, (a) the end of a rope ; (b) the posteriors ; (4) -'s end, 
in phr. to run to the tether's end, to go to extremity, to go 
as far as possible; (5) -faced, having an ill-natured aspect; 
(6) -grass, the goose-grass, Galium Aparine; (7) -herin, 
a tether made of hair ; (8) -length, the length of a tether, 
a long distance ; fig. in phr. to run one's tether-length, to 
pursue a reckless course which leads to calamity ; (9) 
stake, (a) see (i); (b) the upright post in a stall to which 
a cow is fastened; (10) -stick, see (i) ; (u) -stone, a stone 
to which a tether is tied ; (12) -string, a tether, rope, 
halter; also used fig. ; (13) -toad, the creeping crowfoot, 
Ranunculus repens ; (14) -tow, a hawser, cable. 

(i) Bnff. 1 (2, a] Chs. 123 () Chs. 1 (3, a) Lnk. Tuggin' at the 
tether en', Ae nicht as he was ringin' ten, Something played 
crash, WATSON Poems (1853) u. (A) n.Dev. Tha wut net break 
the cantlebone o' thy tether eend wi' chuering, Exm. Scold. (1746) 
1. 280. (4) Edb. Shall Man, a niggard, near-gawn elf! Rin to the 
tether's end for pelf, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) 216, ed. 1785. (5) 
Sc. (JAM.) (6) Nhb. 1 (7) S. & Ork. 1 (8) Cai. 1 Rnf. A tether 
length he back did gae, WILSON Poems (1816) Ep. to Mr. W. M. 
(9, a) Sc. QAM.) Slk. His tethe are reide-hot tedderstakis, HOGG 
Poems (ed. 1865) 318. Lakel. 1 Cum. A tedder styake ov iron, 
RITSON Borrowdale Lett. (1866) 3. nw.Der. 1 , Ken. 1 (b) Sc. (JAM. 
Suppl.} (10) Sc. His teeth they were like tether sticks, SHARPE 




Ballad Bk. (1833) 83, ed. 1868. Abd. Drive this tether-stick 
through the spine-bone o' the very saul o' ye, RUDDIMAN Sc. Parish 
(1838)36, ed. 1889. (ill n.Ir. To keep down the baste there's 
wan thing needed still Put a tether-stone up on the face av the 
\n\\, Lays and Leg. (18841 13. (12) Ayr. OCIULTREE OulofShroud 
(1897) 34 ; Gude keep thee frae a tether string, BURNS Death of 
Mailie, 1. 53. (13) w.Yks. 3 (14) Sc. Whistle- Binkie (1878) I. 333 
(JAM. Suppl.). 

2. Phr. (i) in one tether, married ; (a) length of tether, full 
scope; (3) like a tether, at great length; (4) to get the wrong 
end of the tether, to make a mistake, to misunderstand; 
(5) to go the length of one's tether, to use up all one's 
resources, to exhaust one's means; (6) to graze beyond 
one's tether, to live beyond one's means ; (7) to live within 
the tether, to live within bounds; (8) to make a tether of only 
a hair, to make much of a small matter ; (9) to put a tether 
to a person's tongue, to restrain from speaking, to reduce 
to silence; (10) to run one's tether, to come to the end of 
one's resources; (n) to slip the tether, to throw off 
restraint, to break loose; (12) to take tether, to take licence; 
(13) to tighten a person's tether, to restrict, restrain. 

(i) Lnk. In the hopes that we'll dee in ae tether, LEMON St. 
Mungo (1844) 33. (3) Edb. If 1 gae her length o' tether, M^NEILL 
Bygant Times (1811) 17. (3) Ayr. He gied them 't like a tether 
for twa coos in the Kirkyaird, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 
384. (4) Lnk. Dinna blether, Ye've got the wrang end o' the tether, 
M C LACHLAN Thoughts (1884} &. (5 Sc. (A.W.) Shr.' It is said of a 
spendthrift that ' 'e'll soon goo the lenth on "is tether.' (6) n.Yks. 2 
They're grazing beyond their tether. (7) Ken. (HALL.) (8) Sc. 
' He wants only a hair to make a tedder o',' applied with respect to 
those who seek for some ground of complaint or accusation, and 
fix on anything however trivial (JAM.); Since that national defection 
of taking that bundle of unhappy oaths, . . the swearers have sought 
but a hair to make a tether of, against that small handful of non- 
swearers, WALKER Remark. Passages (1737) 65 (it.), (9) Edb. A 
rebuke of this kind would put a tether to his tongue for a wee, 
MOIR Mansie Waitch (1828) i. (10) Ayr. When they their tether 
baith had run, WH ITE Jottings (1879) 143. Bwk. I let them rin 
their tether, CALDER Poems (1897) 354. (n) Gall. Unlike them 
skilled in city wiles, That aften slip the tether, NICHOLSON Poet. 
Wks. (1814) 134, ed. 1897. (is) Ayr. The tether ye hae taen, 
Sir Knight, Has been baith lang an' wide, AINSLIE Land of Burns 
(ed. 1893) 300. (13) Shr.' It'll tighten 'is lather. 

3. A halter ; a hangman's rope. 

Sc. What wad I gi'en for sic a crack Upo" the leather? I dinna 
mind a word I spake When intheteather.PENNECuiicCo//. (1787)17. 
Per. Then in a tether he'll swing from a ladder, FORD Harf( 1893) 58. 

4. Obs. A tow-rope. 

Slg. I saw her in a tether Draw twa sloops after ane anither, 
MUIR Poems (1818) la. 

6. A bandage. n.Yks. 2 6. The long part of a fence; 
wood put upon a fence to bind it together. ne.Lan. 1 

7. Fig. A tie, obligation. n.Yks. 2 8. v. To moor ; to 
fasten a vessel. 

Bch. A' the barks That tedder'd fast did ly Alang the coast, 
FORBES Ajax (1785) i. Abd. (JAM.) Kcb. They wur roozcrs, 
ye could 'a' tether't a vessel tae ony o' them, TROTTER Gall. Gossip 
(1901) 391. 

9. Fig. To confine in any way; to bind, fasten; to 
restrain, hold in bonds. 

Bnff. 1 She niver gangs oot our the door bit tethers hirsel at haim 
wee that bairn o' hirs. Abd. Tether Your lilties in a bulk together, 
CADENHEAD Bon- Accord (1853) 304. Frf. Terror had tethered 
her tongue, WATT Poet. Sketches (1880) 96. Rxb. Neither wind 
nor rain can tether His joy that day, MURKAY HawickSngs. (1893) 
97. Com. Each glowrin' lad semm'd tedder'd by the ear, GILPIN 
P o/i. Poetry (1875) 208. n.Yks. 2 Tether'd, bound up. ne.Lan. 1 

Hence" to tether by the tooth or teeth, phr. to attract by 
good feeding, to detain by eating. 

Lakel. 8 Betty, whars your Bob! He's here si'tha tedder'd-bi-t'- 
tccth. ne.Lan. 1 

10. To marry ; to get married. 

Cld. Tethered to a tawpie (JAM.). Edb. The neebours assembled 
to see Wattie tether'd, GLASS Cal. Painassus (1812) 53. War. 123 
Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). 

TETHER, sb. 2 Shr. 1 [te'tSa(r).] A tangle, as of 
weeds. See Tather, sb. 

The so-called Mountain Flax is said 'to pis'n the filds an' mak 
'em all of a tether,' Suppl. (s.v. Mountain Flax). 

Hence Tethery, adj. of weeds, &c. : entangled, entwined. 
See Teddery. 

TETHER, sb* e.An. See below. Cf. tath'e, 4. 

e.An. The refuse of clover planted for sheep-feeding ; usually 
with barley. After the harvest the sheep are driven on to the 
clover and eat it off. What is left is 'tether' (E.G.P.). Nrf. 
Tether includes refuse of roots fed to sheep, dung, wool, and 
'jammed ' ground ; primarily, it should be applied to turnip, swede, 
or mangold refuse only (M.C.H.B.); Fairhead . .. harrows the 
pasture crossways to scatter as evenly as possible the 'tether' 
left by the sheep which . . . have been penned upon this field, 
Longman's Mag. Jan. 1899) 234. 

TETHER, see Tother, adj. 

TETHERMENT, sb. Yks. [te-oVr)ment.] 1. A 

wrapping or bandage of any kind. n.Yks. 12 , m.Yks. 1 
2. Fig. A besetment. n.Yks. 2 

TETHING, sb. Glo. Wil. Som. [te'SinJ A stack of 
sheaves gen. ten set up in a field. See Tithing, 1. 

Glo.', Wil. 1 (s.v. Tithingl, n.WU. (E.H.G.) Som. Men often 
engaged to cut for so much the tething. Beans used to be cut at 
a penny or sometimes a half-penny a tething (W.F R.). 

TETSAN, see Titsum. 

TETSTICK, sb. Not. [te'tstik.] The stretcher in 
trace-harness. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 

TETT, see Tait, sb. 1 

TETTER, sb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Lin. Wor. Glo. e.An. 
Hmp. Cor. Also in forms titter Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 Wor. Glo. 1 
e.An. 1 ; titther Chs. 1 [te-ts(r) ; ti'tafr).] 1. Ringworm; 
gen. in pi. 

Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , n-Lin. 1 w.Cor. N. &> Q. (1876) 5th S. v. 434. 
2.Asmallpimpleorpustule; asmallulcer; ablister;awart. 

Chs. 1 Wor. There's two or three titters like come up where 
th' swealth is sence I put the powltice on (H.K.). Glo. 1 , Oxf. 1 , 
Brks. 1 , e.An. 1 Wil. Any small boil, but especially one on the 
edge of the tongue. I remember being told by my nurse when 
a child that tetters on the tongue were a punishment for lying, 
A'. &> Q. (1876) 5th S. v. 434. Cor. Charm for a Tetter : ' Tetter, 
tetter, thou hast nine brothers. God bless the flesh and preserve 
the bone ; Perish, thou tetter, and be thou gone. In the name, &c. 
Tetter, tetter, thou hast eight brothers. God bless the flesh, . . 
&c.' . . Thus the verses are continued until tetter, having ' no 
brother,' is imperatively ordered to begone, HUNT Pop. Rom. 
w.Eng. (1865) 414, ed. 1896. 

Hence Tettered, ppl. adj. having sore places ; having 
the skin roughened by the wind. Glo. 1 w.Cor. N. & Q. 
(1876) 5th S. v. 434. 3. A white scurf on the skin. 
n.Yks. 8 4. Hoar-frost. n.Yks. 2 5. Comp. (i) Tetter- 
berry, the berries of the white briony, Bryonia dioica; (2) 
worm, a cutaneous affection, a series of minute pimples. 

(i) Hmp. Children have an idea that the juice of the fruit will, 
if it touches the skin, produce tetter ^B. & H.). [SKINNER (1671).] 
(a) e-An. 1 

[1. OE. feter, ringworm (SWEET).] 

TETTER,w. Or.I. (JAM. Suppl.) [te'tar.] To hinder, 
delay. Cf. tether, sb. 1 9. 

TETTER, see Tatter, sb. 1 

TETTY, sb, Som. Dev. Also in form titty Som. 
[te'ti.] A nosegay. See Tutty, sb. 1 

Som. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (P.) Dev. 1 Wid always dole out 
zomething a tetty o' rosen, or ripe deberries, 53, ed. Palmer. 
n.Dev. Hand-bk. (ed. 1877) 359. 

TETTY, see Tatie, Tet, sb., Titty, adj. 1 

TETUZ, sb. Obs. Sc. Anything tender; a delicate 
person. Gall. MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). 

TEU, TEUCH, see Tew, sb. 1 , Thou, Deuch. 

TEUCHIT, sb. Sc. Also in forms tchuchet Kcd. ; 

teuchat Abd. Fif. ; touchet Sc. (JAM.); touchit Bch.; 

M.) [tju' X it,-at.l Thi 
Vanellus cristatus. See Teufit, Tewit. 

tuquheit Sc. GAM.) [tju'xit, -at.l The lapwing or peewit, 

Sc. (JAM.) Abd. The teuchat cries for her harried eggs, 
MURRAY Hamm-ith (1900) 3. Frf. SWAINSON Birds (1885) 184. 
Fif. The teuchat was followed as it wailed out in circles round 
the intruder, COLVILLE Vernacular (1899) 13. 

Hence (i) Teuchit- or Tuquheit-storm, sb. a storm gen. 
coincident with the arrival of the lapwing or peewit ; (2) 
to hunt the leuchit, phr. to be engaged in any fruitless or 
frivolous pursuit. Cf. hunt the gouik, s.v. Gowk, sb. 3 (3). 



(i) Sc. Some days of severe weather, which occur in March 
about the time of the re-appearance of the lapwing (JAM.). Abd. 
This term is understood as equivalent to the equinoctial storm, as 
the tuquheits make their appearance about the time of the vernal 
equinox (ib.). Kcd. The green plover or peasweep arrives here 
so very correctly about Candlemas term, that the storm which 
gen. happens at that season of the year, goes by its name, the 
Tchuchet-storm, Agric, Sum. 396 (id.), (a) n Sc. It probably alludes 
to the artful means employed by the lapwing, for misleading those 
who seek for her nest in order to carry off her youhg (JAM.). 
Bch. The senseless fools, Far better for them hunt the touchit Or 
teach their schools, FORBES Dominie (1785) 41. 

TEUCKIE, see Tewkie. 

TEUD, .'6. Obs. Fif. QAM.) [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] A tooth. Hence Teudless, adj. toothless. 

TEUDLE, sb. and v. Obs. Fif. (JAM.) 1. sb. The tooth 
of a rake or harrow. Cf. toodle. 2. v. To insert teeth. 

' To teudle a heuk,' to renovate the teeth of a reaping-hook. 

TEU-DRAW, see To-draw. 

TEUFIT, s6. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. Also written 
tewfit Cum. e.Yks. w.Yks.; tufit Dur. 1 n.Yks. 12 e.Yks. ; 
tuiffit N.Cy. 1 ; tuifit Nhb. 1 ; and in forms tea-fit Lakel. 2 ; 
teeafit n.Yks. 4 e.Yks. 1 ; teufet Cum. 14 ; tewfet n.Cy. 
Cum. Wm. [tivrfit] The lapwing or peewit, Vanellus 
cristatus. See Teuchit, Tewit. 

n.Cy.GROSE (1790); N.Cy. 1 , Nhb.', Dur. 1 , Lakel. 2 , Cum. (J.Ar.), 
Cum. 14 n.Yks. Siience Gossip (1882) 161 ; n.Yks. 124 , ne.Yks. 1 
e.Yks. (Miss A.) ; MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1788) ; e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 
LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882) 175. 

Hence (i) Teufit- or Tuiffit-land, sb. cold, damp, bleak, 
and barren land ; (2) -storm, sb. a storm in the spring, 
gen. coincident with the arrival of the lapwing or peewit. 

(i) N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 So called from being the .common haunt of 
the peewit. Cum., Wm. ' Puir tewfet-laand,' sometimes said in 
scorn of ill-managed, undrained ground, as of barren soil (M.P.). 
(2) N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 (s.v. Storm). 

TEUG, see Tug, v. 1 

TEUGH, int. Sc. Also in form tew. [tju x .] An 
exclamation of disgust, contempt, or impatience. 

Ayr. Teugh ! what woman wad be sneakin' through public 
houses? HUNTER Studies (1870) 188; An'rock Boyd's mother, ye 
ken ; but tew ! what need I tell thee she was An'rock Boyd's 
mother for ? SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 218. 

TEUGH, see Tew, v. 1 , Tough. 

TEUGHSOME, see Tewsome. 

TEUGS, Sc. 1. Trousers; the thighs of a pair 
of breeches. S. & Ork. 1 , Cld. HAM.) 2. Clothes, ' toes.' 
Cld. (JAM.) 

TEUK, sb. 1 Nrf. Ess. Ken. Also written teuke Nrf. ; 
tuke Ken. 1 [tiuk.] 1. The redshank, Totanus calidris. 

Nrf. COZENS-HARDY Broad Nrf. (1893) 47. Ess. 1 , Ken. 1 

2. The curlew, Numeniusarquata. Nrf. COZENS-HARDY/. 

3. The whimbrel, N. phaeopus. ib. 4. The godwit, 
Limosa lapponica. ib. 

TEUK, sb. 2 Sc. Also in forms took, tuik (JAM.). A 
disagreeable taste, a by-taste. Cf. tack, sA. 3 , tew, v? 

Lnk., Lth., Rxb. ' That meal has a teuk.' 'This maun be sea- 
borne meal, it has a vile muisty teuk.' When meal is made from 
corn that has been heated in the stack the peculiar taste is 
denominated the 'het tuik' (JAM.). Dmf. WALLACE Schoolmaster 
( l8 99) 354- 

TEUKIN, ppl. adj. Obs. Sc. (JAM.) [Not known to 
our correspondents.] 1. Quarrelsome,troublesome. n.Sc. 
2. Of the wind : variable, shifting. s.Sc. 

TEUL, TEULY, see Tool, Tewly. 

TEUM, TEUMB, TEUMM, see Toom. 

TEUNY,a#. Dor. Weak, sickly, undersized. Cf.tewly. 

Alway a teuny, delicate piece ; her touch upon your hand was 
as soft as wind, HARDY Woodlanders (1887) I. iv ; Mostly used of 
children (T.H.). 

TEUP, TEURD, see Tup, sb., Turd. 

TEUT, TEUTLE, see Toot, v?, Teatle. 

TEUT-MEUT, TEUTTLE, see Toot-moot, Tootle, v. 1 

TEVEL, v. Sc. Also in form tevvel (JAM.), [trvl ; 
te'vl.] To confuse ; to put into a disorderly state. 

Dmf. Gawn up and down the country levelling and screeching 
like a wild bear, CARLYLE Lett. (1828) ; (JAM.) 

TEW, sb. 1 Sc. Yks. Stf. Wor. Som. Also written teu 
Sc. QAM. Suppl.) ; tu Stf.'j tue Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) ; and in 
form too se.Wor. 1 [tiu, tu.] 1. The nozzle or tube of 
the bellows of a forge or furnace. Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) 

2. The long pincers with which a blacksmith draws a 
piece of iron from his forge, ib. 3. Iron hardened with 
a piece of cast iron. Sc. GAM.) 4. The leather catches 
of a drum by which the cords are tightened. 

Sc. Often applied to both cords and catches QAM. Suppl.). Per. 
Allows the drummer to get as many new tews as will serve the 
drum, BEVERIDGE Culross (1885) II. 90. 

5. Comp. (i) Tew-iron or Tuarn, (a) the nozzle or tube 
of the bellows of a forge or furnace; (b) the long pincers 
with which a blacksmith draws a piece of iron from his 
forge ; (c) one of the stones at the bottom of a furnace 
which receive the metal ; (2) -iron bore, iron hardened 
with a piece of cast iron for making it stand the fire in a 
forge; (3) -iron wall, obs., see (i, c). 

(i, a) Per. To be discharged of their worke by stryking out of 
their teu iyron, and thair other workloums to be disposed upon 
our pleasour, BEVERIDGE Culross (1885) II. 166 (JAM. Suppl.). 
w.Yks. 2 A tube of iron pat on the nose of a bellows to prevent 
the nose from being destroyed by fire. Often pron. tewern. 
se.Wor. 1 The short iron tube at the back of a blacksmith's forge, 
into which the nozzle of the bellows is inserted. w.Som. 1 (b) 
Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) (c) Stf. In iron works the hearth of the furnace 
into which the ere and coal fall is bailt squere {sic], the sides 
descending obliquely and drawing narrow to the bottom like ye 
hopper of a mill. At this bottom or bosches there be four stones 
set perpendicular that make a square to receive the metal, of 
which four stones or walls that next the bellows is called the 
Tuarn or Tuiron wall (K.) ; Stf. 1 (a) Rxb. (JAM., s.v. Lew arne 
bore) ; Thro smeekie flame they him addrest Thro pipe and lew 
arne [mistake for 'tew arne'] bore, A. SCOTT Poems, 144 (ib.). (3) 
Stf. (K.) 

[1. Fr. tuyere, a blasit-pipe (HATZFSLD).] 

TEW, sb. 2 Not. Bdf. w.Cy. [teu, tiu.] A quantity or 

Not. Such a tew of sheep (L.C.M.). Bdf. A great tew of sheep, 
B,ATCHELORyla/. Eng. Lang. (1809) 146. w.Cy. (HALL.) 

TEW, sb. a Som. A hempen string. (HALL.) 

TEW, sb* Obs. Suf. A ducking-chair. 

Women that bene common chiders amonge their neighbours, 
and will not chastize their ill tongue to missaye folke, leutt them 
be chastized bi the Justice called ye Tew (ducking chair), or else 
leutt them make grievous ransotne, Liber Secundus, Domesday of 
Ipswich, in Catal. R. Acad. (1891) 59. 

TEW, sb. 6 Obsol. w.Cy. Materials for work. (G.E.D.) 

TEW, v.\ sb. e and ad/. 1 Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Der. Not. Lin. Nhp. War. e.An. s.Cy. and Amer. 
Also written teugh w.Yks. 1 ; tu Nhb. 1 Cum. 1 ; tue Sc. 
N.Cy. 1 Yks. Der. 1 Lin. ; and in forms teaw e.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 
e.An. 2 ; too Yks. ; tyaou Abd. ; pret. tew Bnff. 1 ; tyu 
Abd. [teu, tiu.] 1. v. Obs. To beat or dress hemp. 
s.Cy. RAY (1691). Cf. taw, v? 2. Obs. To dress or tan 
leather. See Taw, v* 

n.Yks. 2 ' Tewing,' the process with animal skins for making 
them into soft 1 leather. 'Item, pro tewing xiiii pellum luporum, 
is. grf.,' Whitby Rolls (1396). [(K.).] 

3. To stir up ; to mix, blend ; to pound ; to knead. Cf. 
tave, v. 2 , taw, v. 2 2. 

Abd. She tyu a cyahk an' Jock gyapit it up (G.C.). n.Cy. 
(HALL.) n.Yks. 2 Tew't weel. e.Yks. BEST Rur. Econ. (1641) 
138 ; e.Yks. 1 A bricklayer will tell his labourer to tew his mortar 
well, MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. 1 He teugji'd mortar; w.Yks. 3 
That lime wants better tewing. 

4. To shake, toss ; to keep in motion ; to rumple, dis- 
arrange, tumble ; to pull about ; with over : to turn over. 
Cf. tow, v. 2 , taw, v.* 3. 

N.Cy. 1 Ye'll tue all my cap. Nhb. 1 Mi goon wis aal tew'd. 
Dur. 1 My gown's sadly tew'd. e.Dnr. 1 Yks. They tued and 
poised me shaamefool, FETHERSTON T. Goorkrodger (1870) 75. 
n.Yks. He tewed amang t'cleeas (I.W.) ; n.Yks. 1234 ne.Yks. 1 
T'lahtle lass tews hersen sadly in bed. e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 2 
A table-cloth or shirt-front is said to have 'gotten very much 
tewed ' when all the stiffness has been taken out of it, and instead 
of being smooth it has become much wrinkled. ne.Ian. 1 , 
nw.Der. 1 Not. Don't tew it about a' that how (L.C.M.) ; (J.H.B.) 

TEW [ 

Lin. 1 n.Lin. 1 That haay wants tewin' oher. Hes that mo'ter 
been well tuw'd ! ne.Lln. (E.S.) e.An. 1 To pull, tear, and tumble 
about, as hay with the fork and rake, a weedy soil with plough 
and harrow. 

Hence Tewing, ppl. adj. in phr. a tewing haylime, one 
which involves additional trouble in turning over the hay 
owing to rain. n.Yks. 2 5. To exhaust, fatigue, tire ; to 
trouble, harass, bother; to overcome. 

Abd. Sair tewed wi' wark I laid me down, SHELLEY Flowers 
(1868) 54. Dmf. Often used in regard to sickness (JAM.). Gall. 
MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). Kcb. They wud be sair tue't afore 
they gat him, TROTTER Gall. Gossip (1901) 233. N.Cy. 1 He lues 
himself. Nhb. 1 'Tew'd ti bits,' overcome with exertion. Dur. 1 , 
e.Dur. 1 , w.Dur. 1 Cnm. 4 S went down before K , who was sair 
tewed in the operation. . . . The two giants could not be said to 
have tew'd themselves much, C. Pair. (June 30, 1893) 3, col. 3. 
n.Yks. 4 Ah 'ed'nt need git mysen tew'd at a do leyke this, 59. 
ne.Yks. 1 Noo thoo maun't tew thisen wi' t'job. e.Yks. 1 Ah's 
oinmost tew'd ti deeath. m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 I's parfitly teughed 
to death; w.Yks. 24 Lan. No matter heaw awm teawd wi' th' 
child Theaw sleeps, STANDING Echoes (1885) 19. '. m.Lan. 1 , 
s.Lan. 1 , Der. 12 Not. 2 Doan't mek 'er tew "ersen. Lin. DoSnt 
tew thee-self a that how (J.C.W.). n.Lin. 1 What wi' sun, an' what 
wi' flees, I was fairly tew'd when I got to chech door. Sw.Lin. 1 
Doctor told me not to tew mysen. [Amer. I'm tewed and fretted, 
CARRUTH Kan. Univ. Quar. (1892) I.] 

Hence Tewing, (i ) ppl. adj. toilsome, Wearying; worry- 
ing, tedious; (2) sb. fatigue, worry. 

(i) N.Cy. 1 , e.Dur. 1 , n.Yks. 1 ne.Yks. 1 It's tewin' deed. ne.Lan. 1 
(2) n.Yks. 2 I cannot bide tewing. sw.Lin. 1 Doctor told me ... 
not to do owt to cause any tewing. 

6. To annoy, vex ; to tease, importune, pester ; to urge, 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790); (J.L. 1783). e.Dur. 1 She fairly tewed his 
life out. Cum. 1 ; Cum. 8 Git oot wid the, Jwohnny, Thou's tew't 
me reet sair, 41; Cum. 4 w.Yks. HUTTON Tour to Caves (1781). 
Lan. 1 , s.Lan ', Lin. 1 n Lin. 1 Mester's straange an' tewed 'cos his 
parshil fra LunnUn hesn't cum'd. 

7. To tow. n.Cy. GROSE (1790). Hence Tewing-rope, 
sb. a tow-rope. e.An. 2 (s.v. Teaw). 8. To toss, shake 
about; to be restless or constantly moving; to fidget; 
gen. with about. 

Abd. Fat are ye tyaouin' at ? (G.C.) n.Yks. 1 e.Yks. He was 
tewing about in bed (Miss A.). m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. T'poorlass was 
desperit bad all yesterday neeght an' tossed an' tewed aboot till 

The dog's had it tewing about in his mouth ever so long (L.C.M.). 
Lin. 1 n.LIn. 1 Deary me, bairn, do sit still ; I niver seed noSbody 
tew aboot as thoo duz e' all my life. sw.Lin.' He always tews 
about like that. 

9. To toil, labour ; to work hard ; to pull, struggle ; to 
contend, strive ; freq. in phr. to tug and tew (q.v.). 

Sc. (JAM.) Bnff. 1 He tew through a' the logs o's nout (s.v. 
Tyauve). Slk.(J A M.) Rxb. To see a lass . . . gae tewin' day and 
night to put anither lass in his airms, HAMILTON Outlaws (1897) 
ao6. Dmf. (JAM.) Gall. He tue'd at it for an hour or twa (J.M.). 
N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 Aa've tew'd at the job till aa's paid. e.Dur. 1 
Lakel. 2 Ye o know what 'tis ta hev ta tew an' slave. Cum. 
Beath teyke-leyke tuing roun' the barn, GILPIN Sngs. (1866) 204 ; 
Cum. 14 Wm. The double o' t'wark . . . Wi' riving an tewin' ta 
have ther ane way, Spec. Dial. (1880) pt. ii. 31. Yks. The loving 
fat mother ha wf a mile below, tooing at her young uns, FETHERSTON 
farmer, 61. n.Yks. 124 ne.Yks.tSha'shad ti tew hard, sha'sbrowt 
up a stthrong fam'ly. e.Yks. 1 . m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 2 ; w.Yks. 3 He's 
tew'd with it long -enough ; w.Yks. 5 ' Nobbud to luk here ! ye may 
rive-an'-tug-an'tacw an' yuh can't hardly brek 'em,' says a vendor 
ofbootlaces. Lan. Oyo pined and teawedfor, CLEGGS*</cA(i89s) 
18 ; Lan. 1 ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Der. 1 , nw.Der.'.Not. 1 Lin. 
But 'e tued an' moil'd 'issdn dead, TENNYSON JV. Farmer, New Style 
(1870) st. 13. Nhp. 1 An old asthmatic patient replied, 'Oh! Sir, 
I go tewing and tewing along.' War. 2 , Ess.' 

Hence (i) Tewer, si. (a) a hard worker ; an industrious, 
energetic person ; (b) an agitator ; (2) Tewing, ///. adj. 
hard-working, industrious, energetic. 

(i,) Lakel. 2 He's a tewer is yon. n.Yks. 2 w.Yks. In a 
world 'at contains a good deal moar idlers nur tewers, Yksman 
U"'y 1878) 10. (b) aYks.a (a) N.Cy. 1 A tuing soul. Nhb. 1 


By Jove ! thou is a tuing sow, CHICKEN Collier's Wedding (1729). 
w.Yks. The blacksmith wor a steady, tewin', sober chap, Yksman 
XXXVI. 678. ne.Lan. 1 

10. To fuss over work ; to bustle about ; to move about 
quickly; gen. with about. 

Wm. She was tewing round like an old hen (A.T.). Not. 1 * 
se.Lin. What are you tewing about ? (J.T.B.) 

11. With in : to examine ; to look into a matter. 
n.Yks. He dizn't like t'matter to be tewed in (I.W.). 

12. Phr. (i) to tew amang if, to work hard; to struggle 
on through life ; (2) one's shirt, to trouble oneself; to 
worry ; (3) up, to give up, abandon. 

(l) w.Yks. Ha's yaar Mally ? Tewin' ameng it th' same as me, 
aw reckon, HARTLEY Seets i' Lundun, 135, in Leeds Merc. Suppl. 
(Dec. 94, 1899). (a) n.Lin. 1 I'm not agooin to do onything o' 
soort, an' soa you nead n't tew yer shet (s.v. Shet). (3) w.Yks. 
If he didn't tew it up, Yksman. (Feb. 3, 1877) 10, col. a. 

13. sb. A struggle, difficulty ; a laboured effort ; fatigue, 
trouble ; an annoyance, worry ; a disturbed state. 

Abd. J've an ahfu tyaou every nicht to get my shooder stappit 
(G.C.). s.Sc. Sair tews (JAM.). Dmf. Twas in sair tews we was, 
HAMILTON Mawkin (1898) 279. N.Cy. 1 We have got here at last ; 
but we had a great tue. Nhb. 1 Aa'd a hivvy tew ti get here. 
Man, we'd sair tews amang us to manage wor keel. Cum. 1 
He's hed a sare tu on't ; Cuui. 4 Ey ! it was a sair tew that, 
DICKINSON Cuntbr. (ed. 1876) 71. Wm. She had a hard tew to 
bring up her family (B.K.). n.Yks. 2 'The last tew,' the final 
struggle, death. e.Yks. 1 Ah've had a sad tew wi temptation. 
w.Yks. It's been a weary moild an tew, PRESTON Poems 1,1864) 5 ; 
w.Yks. 24 Lin. 1 I need na put myself into such a tew. sw.Lin. 1 
It puts me in such a tew. 

14. A pulley for raising weights. e.An. 4 15. adj. Obs. 
Fatigued. Gall, MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). 

12. Tewyn lethyr, frunio, corrodio (Prompt.}. 6. Cp. 
OE. tawian, to treat badly, insult, scourge (HALL).] 

TEW, v. 3 and sb. 7 ? Obs. n.Sc. (JAM.) 1. v. Of grain : 
to become damp and acquire a bad taste. 2. sb. A bad 
taste, esp. that occasioned by dampness. Cf. teuk, sb. 2 

TEW, v? w.Sc. QAM.) To overdo in cooking; to 
make tough. 

Meat is said to be tewed when roasted with so slow a fire that 
it becomes tough. 

TEW, adj.* Hmp. I.W. [tiu.] Tender, sickly, small, 
weak. See Tewly. 

Hmp. 1 I.W. 1 ; I.W. 2 That bwoy sims terbul tew vor lies a<re 

TEW, TEWAT, see Teugh, Tewit. 

TEWEL, sb. Obs. Dur. Stf. e.An. Dev. Also written 
tuel Stf. Dev. 1. The vent or fundament of a horse. 

Stf. RAY (1691) MS. add. (J.C.) e.An. 1 , Nrf. (HALL.) Dev. 
florae Subsecivae (1777) 429. 
2. A tail. Dur. (K.) 

[At his flank and also at his tuell, FITZHERBERT Hush. 
( J 534) 37- OFr . tuel, a pipe, tube.] 

TEWEL, TEWEN, see Tool, Towan. 

TEWER, sb. 1 War. Glo. Oxf. Also written tuer War. 
Glo. Oxf.; and in form ture War. Oxf. [tiu-d(r).] A 
narrow lane or passage ; an alley. See Chare, sb. 1 

War. Go up the tewer to the right (W.K.W.C.) : War. 2 * 
s.War.(E.S.); s.War. 1 'Which Mrs. Hancox do you want?' 'Her 
as lives up the tewer.' Glo. My father's grandfather lived in that 
ere houssen up that ' tuer,' GIBBS Cotswold Vill. (1898) 388. Oxf. 
A narrow path between two fences (M.A.R.); N. cV Q. (1872) 4th 
S.x. 476. n.Ozf. The narrow alley or passage between two rows 
of houses which is so frequently met with in the villages round 
Banbury, it. (1869) 4th S. iv. 75. 

TEWER, sb* War. Wor. Shr. Also in forms tuer 
War. Wor. ; tweer Shr. 12 The ventilating passage of a 
blast furnace ; also in comp. Tweer-hole ; pi. the bellows 
of a furnace. Cf. tew, sb. 1 

War., Wor. The aperture surrounded with water in a blacksmith's 
hearth through which the air from the bellows reaches the fire 
(E.S.). Shr. 12 

TEWEY,a<#. Glo.e.An. [tiu'i.] 1. Delicate, qualmish. 
Glo. I be that tewey and narvous, 1 don't know what I be about, 
Longman s Mag. (July 1899) 076. 

2. Squeamish in eating, dainty. e.An. 1 
TEWIT, sb. Sc. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. Chs. Also in 
forms tee-wheet Sc. (JAM. Suppl.); tee-wit Sc. UAM. 




Snppl.) w.Yks. ; tewat n.Lan. 1 ; tewet Cum. 14 w.Yks. 1 ; 
tewhit Gall. ; tewith w.Yks. ; tuet Wm. Lan. ; tuwit 
Chs. [tiirwit, -St.] The lapwing or peewit, Vamllus 
cristatus. See Teuchit, Teufit. 

Sc. (JAM. Suppl.} Slk. The plover whistles in the glen, The 
tewit tilts above the fen, BORLAND Yarrow (1890) 117. Dmf. 
WALLACE Schoolmaster ( 1899). Gall. Eggs, somewhat like tewhit 
eggs in size and colour, MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824) 383. ed. 1876. 
Kcb. SWAINSON Birds (1885 1 184. Cum. 14 , Wm. 1 , n.Yks. 4 , m.Yks. 1 
w.Yks. LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882^ 284 ; Land at willat 
summer a tewith, Yksman. (1875) 32 ; SWAINSON ib. ; w.Yks. 1 , 
Lan. 1 , n.Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , m.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 Chs. I shan't 
sweep no chimbleys so long as tuwits' eggs is agate, Pall Mall 
Mag. (Sept. 1901) 138. 

Hence (i) Tiuiters,, (2) Tiuit-land, sb., (3) -landers, 
sb. pi., see below. 

(i, 2, 3) w.Yks. The districts of Hanging Heaton and Earlsheaton 
are in derision termed 'tiuit-land' in Batley and Dewsbury. The 
natives are spoken of as 'tiuit-ers,' or 'tiuit-landers.' Inthephr. 
the use of which is not confined to one locality reference is made 
to the loneliness and barrenness of the places affected by the 
melancholy peewit (B.K.). 

TEWITISH, adj. Lan. 1 [tiulttf.] Wild, foolish. 

TEWKIE, sb. and int. Sc. Irel. Also written teuckie 
Sc. ; tukey Ant. ; tukie Sc. [tju'ki.] 1. sb. A hen ; 
freq. used as a nickname ; also in comp. Tukie-hen ; a dial, 
form of ' chucky.' 

Sc. Her mither aye flytes at her wee tukie hen, EDWARDS Mod. 
Poets. Ant. BallymeitaObs. (1892). 

2. int. A call to fowls. 

Sc.(A.W.) Cai. At the dairy-woman's feeblest 'Teuckie!' not 
a wing was left aside, M C LENNAN Peas. Life (1871) 1.306; Cai. 1 
Lnk. Heard ye weans cry ' teuckie, teuckie ! ' MILLER Willie Winkle 
(ed. 1902 1 10. Ant. Ballymena Ob-:. (1892). 

TEWLY, adj. Bdf. e.An. s.Cy. Hmp. Wil. Dor. Also 
written teuly Ess. 1 ; tewley w.Cy. Wil. 1 ; tuley Wil. 1 ; 
tuly e.Cy. Suf. 1 Ess. s.Cy. Hmp.; and in form tooly Bdf. 
Ess. Hmp. 1 [tiu'li, tuli.] 1. Weak, sickly, delicate ; 
poorly, unwell. 

Bdf.Atewly child (J.W.B.). Cmb. CHARNOCK Gl. (1880). Suf. 1 
Ess.(S.P.H.); Ess. 1 [Of Japerson feeling rather poorly in the morning 
and not relishing his breakfast, ' You are rather teuly this morning.' 
e. &s.Cy. RAY (1691). Hmp. A tuly liule thing (H.C.M.B.); A 
tooly man or woman, GROSE (1790) ; Hmp. 1 w.Cy. GROSE (1790). 
Wil. 1 , Dor. 1 

Hence Tewly-stomached, ppl. adj., obs., having a weak 
stomach. Suf. 1 e. & s.Cy. RAY (1691). 2. Bad, poor. 
Hmp. 'Tis a tuly season for lambs, they say (H.C.M.B.). 

3. Improving in health. 

Ess. 'Thomas is tuly to-day, he'll soon be at work again.' 
Getting very uncommon H.H.M.X 

TEWSOME, adj. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. Also written 
teughsome w.Yks. 1 ; tusome Cum. 14 [teu'ssm, titrsam.] 

1. Troublesome, tiresome ; restless, unquiet. See Tew, 
v. 1 6. 

Cam. 1 He's been a tusome bairn ; Cum. 4 Wm. Amairtewsome 
barn Ah nivver nursed (B.K.). n.Yks. 2 w.Yks. 1 For seur, this 
is a lile teughsome barn, ii. 195 ; w.Yks. 5 ' Doan't be so tewsome! ' 
a mother says to her baby. ne.Lan. 1 

2. Hard-working, industrious. 

w.Yks. He's t'moast tewsome chap 'at ivver ah knew (JE.'B.). 

TEWTER, v. and sb. Obs. Chs. Shr. 1. v. To beat 
or dress hemp ; a dial, form of ' tew-taw.' See Tew, v. 1 1. 

Shr. 1 To beat and break the hemp stalk after it had been subjected 
to the action of fire. . . Tewtering was the second process of hemp- 
dressing. .. Hemp and flax were treated alike. [To tew-taw hemp, 
to beat or dress the same in an engine made for that purpose, 
WORLIDGE Did. (1681).] 
2. sb. An implement for breaking flax or hemp. 

Chs. (HALL.\ Chs. 1 Shr. 1 The tewter consisted of two parts, 
upper and lower, respectively ; the latter being a long, narrow, 
oaken frame, standing upon four legs, about two feet three inches 
in height, and furnished with arangeoffour strong bars, extending 
its whole length. These bars were of 'cloven quarter oak' the 
triangular segment of a squared olock and were fixed with the 
keen edge topmost. The upper part had three bars of like kind, 
so set as to fit the interspaces of those beneath. It was joined to 
the lower part at one end by a pair of ' gudgeons,' which acted as 
hinges in such a manner, that it could be plied up and down by 

means of a handle, which the operator worked with his right 
hand, while he held the hemp with his left, to be tevvtered between 
the several parts of the implement. 
TEWTLE, see Teatle, Tootle, v. 1 
TEWTRUMS, sb. pi. e.An. Odds and ends, pieces of 
finery ; all sorts of small tools. e.An. 8 , Nrf. (M.C.H.B.) 

TEXT, v. ne.Lan. 1 [tekst.] To write an engrossing 
hand or German text. 

TEY, see Take, Thee, pers. pron., Thy, Tye, sb. 1 
TEYA, TEYCH(E, see Tone, num. adj., Teach. 
TEYDN, TE-YEAR, see They, To-year. 
TEYEN, TEYKE, see Tone, num. adj., Tike, sb. 1 
TEYL-PEYAT, TEYN, see Tale-pyet, They. 
TEYPARD,TEYPE,TEYRN,see Tapered, Tipe, They. 
TEYSTRILL, TEYTHER, see Taistrel, Titter, adv. 
TH', see Thee, pers. pron., Thou. 
THA, see Thee, pers. pron., They, Thou, Thy. 
THAAF CAKE, THAAVLE, see Tharf-cake, Thavvel. 
THABBLE, sb. Yks. [ba'bl.] The plug in a leaden 

n.Yks. 1 Having a shank long enough to project above the surface 
of the milk, [it] may be removed without breaking the cream, and 
on its removal the milk flows away and leaves the cream behind ; 
n.Yks. 24 , m.Yks. 1 

THACH, see Thac(k. 

THAC(K, dem. pron. and dent. adj. Glo. Wil. Dev. Cor. 
Also written thak Dev. ; and in forms thach Glo. 2 ; 
thackey Dev. ; thacky Cor. 1 ; thact, thakka Dev. [tSaek ; 
Sse'ki.] 1. dem. pron. That. Cf. thici k. 

Glo. 2 , Wil. 1 (s.v. Pronouns). s.Wil. Thac's the way I do do, 
Monthly Mag. (1814) II. 114. Dev. BOWRING Lang. (1866) I. pt. 
v. 27 ; A taply moment for sich a quandary as thact, MADOX-BROWN 
Dwale Bluth (1876) bk. i. iv. n.Dev. Britting o' thick an crazing 
thack, ROCK Jim an' NM (1867) st. 7. Cor. 1 
2. dem. adj. That, yonder. 

Dev. Down to the caunder o' thackey lane, ELLIS Pronttnc. 
(1889) V. 163. 

THACK, v.\ sb. and adj. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. 
Yks. Lan. Chs. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Rut. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Won Shr. Oxf. Brks. Bdf. Hnt. e.An. Ken. Also written 
thak Sc. GAM.) Nhb. 1 Lakel. 2 Wm. m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 3 Lin.; 
and in form taek Sh.I. ; thake Nhb. 1 [bak, baek.] 1. v. 
To thatch, roof ; to cover ; to lay on. Cf. theak, v. 1 

Sc. (JAM.) Sh.I. I min see an' get as mony pones oot o' da ert 
as can taek wir byre, Sh. News (Aug. 14, 1897). ne.Sc. She's nae 
able to get her bit hoose thackit, GREEN Gordonhaven (1887) 122. 
Frf. A thackit house upon a muir, JAMIE Emigrant's Family (1853) 
39. Ayr. Had not Providence been pleased ... to cause a foul 
lum in a thacket house in the Seagate to take fire, GALT Gilhaize 
(1823) xxi. Lnk. Weel I like the bit wee thackit biggin . . . 
Whaur I first saw licht, THOMSON Musings (1881) 5. Edb. A low 
thacked cottage, a but and a ben, BEATTY Secretar (1897) 71. 
Nhb. 1 Dur. Big eneugh to ha' thack'd a peat moo, EGGLESTONE 
Betty Podkins' Visit (1877) u. Lakel. 1 , Cum. 1 Wm. Thak it well 
up (B.K.); Wm. 1 , n.Yks. 124 , ne.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. 1234 =, 
n.Lan. (W.H.H.), n-La:!. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Der. 2 , 
nw.Der. 1 Not. There's not many left as knows how to thack 
(L.C.M.) ; Not. 2 , n.Liu. 1 , ne.Lin. (E.S.) s.Lin. Go and thack yon 
hay-stack (F.H.W.). se.Lin. (J.T.B.) sw.Lin. 1 He's agate 
thacking stacks. Rut. 1 The roofs very bad. I must get Johnny 
Clarke to thack it. Lei. 1 , Nhp. 12 , War. 1234 , s.War. 1 , w.Wor.', 
Brks. (W.H.Y.), Bdf. (J.W.B.), Hnt. (T.P.F.), e.An. 1 Ken. As 
many cloaths as he could thack on (K.). 

Hence (i) Thacker, sb. a thatcher; (2) Thacking, sb. 
(a) the thatch of a building; (b) in phr. a {hacking of bread, 
a bread-creel full of bread, oatcake, &c., hanging from the 
ceiling ; (3) Thacking-peg, sb. a peg used in thatching ; 
(4) -rope, sb. a rope of straw used for thatching ; (5) 
sparkle, sb., obs., a broad stick for thatching with ; (6) 
Thackster, sb., see (i). 

(i) Sc. Blackw. Mag. (Oct. 1820) 14 (JAM.) ; The thacker said 
to his man, Let us raise this ladder, if we can, RAMSAY Prov. 
(1737). Abd. I took Willie Norry, the thacker, intae the hoose, 
Abd. Wkly. Free Press (Sept. 15, 1900). N.Cy. 1 , Lakel. 2 Wm. 
They throw t'barns on t'riuf, if he stops up they mak him intul 
a thacker (B.K.I. n.Yks. 124 , ne.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. (J.W.), 
ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 123 , Not. 1 , Lin. 1 , n.Lin. 1 ne.Lin. 
To work like a thacker (E.S.). sw.Lin. 1 Lei. 1 As 'oongry as a 




thackcr. A goos like a thacker. Nhp. 1 , e.An. 1 (2, a) w.Yks. 8 , 
s.Lan. 1 (A) w.Yks. 3 (3^ (E.S.) (4^ s.Lan. 1 (5^1 Gall. 
MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). (,6) e.An. 1 e.Nrf. MARSHALL Rur. 
Econ. (1787). 

2. sb. A thatch ; a roof or covering, esp. of straw ; 
materials for thatching. 

Sc. (JAM.) Kcd. Gin the thack sud catch 'Twill burn like tarry 
towe, GRANT Lays (1884) 28. Lnk. Wi' velvet fug the thack was 
green, HAMILTON Poems ^1865) 89. Gall. The lhack'saff the byre, 
CROCKETT Raiders (1894^ xii. N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , Dur. 1 , w.Dur. 1 , 
Lakel. 12 , Cum. 1 , n.Yks. 1284 , ne.Yks. 1 , e.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 As thick 
as aud thak to-gedder [said of persons on terms of close intimacy]. 
w.Yks. 12348 Lan. Yo'n a good thack o' yure, CLEGG Sketches 
(1895)308. n-Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , Cos. 123 Midi. MARSHALL 
Rur. Econ. (1796) II. n.Stf.The swallows as was under the thack, 
GEO. ELIOT A. Bede (1859) I. 167, Cabinet ed. Der. Th' cottages 
cs med o' coork, wi real rye-grass thack, GILCHRIST Peakland 
(1897) 22. Not. 2 It blew the thack off on it. Lin. 1 , nLin. 1 , 
se Lin. (J.T.B.) sw.Lin. 1 It wanted summas doing at it : it were 
oppen reiet away to the thack. Rut. 1 Used sometimes of the 
hackle covering a bee-hive. Lei. 1 This 'ere thack's a very bad un, 
it lets the reen in. Nbp. 1 In the old adage: 'Thack and dike, 
Northamptonshire like'; Nhp. 2 , War. 24 , w.Wor. 1 Oxf. A'. & Q. 
(1852) ist S. v. 364. Brks. (W.H.Y.), Bdf. (J.W.B.), Hot 
(T.P.F.), e.An. 1 e.Nrf. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1787). 

Hence (i) Thackless, adj. (a) without a thatch, roof- 
less; (^yf^.uncovered; hatless; (2) Thacky,.s. a thatched 

(I, a} Sc. (JAM.) Rxb. The auld Redheuch tower stands thakless 
and \voefu' this day, HAMILTON Outlaws (1897) 209. Dmf. Some 
priest maun preach in a thackless kirk, CROMEK Remains 1810 
284. (6) Sc. Want minds them on a thackless scaup, Wi' a' their 
pouches bare, TARRAS Poems (1804) 17 (JAM.). (2) Cum. 4 T'roof 
was often meade o' streeah, an' than t'hoose was dubbed a thacky. 

3. Long, coarse grass, &c. growing on moors. 

Lin. In the Lin. sea marsh, ' thack ' is used of rushes and grasses 
growing in dykes, though never now used for thatching, and esp. 
of Arundo Phragmites, STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes (1884) 370. 
n.Lin. 1 ' We've so mony snaakes and hetherds we're forced to set 
th' thack afire to get shut on 'em.' . . The thack . . . meant was 
the rough grass growing around. 

4. Waste corn left in the fields unraked. Nrf. MORTON 
Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 6. Comb, (i) Thack-and-mortar, 

Jig. in good earnest; with all one's might ; (2) -and-raip 
or -rape, the thatch and rope used in covering a stack ; 
Jig. cover, shelter; good order; control; (3) -band, a rope 
of straw for securing thatch ; (4) -bottle, a bundle of 
thatching material ; (51 -brod, a peg used in fastening down 
thatch ; (6) -bunch, see (4) ; (7) -cord, thick tarred string 
used in thatching ; (8) -covered, thatched ; (9) -gate, the 
sloping edge of the gable-tops of a house, when the thatch 
covers them ; (10) -lead, obs., a leaden roofing ; (n) -nail, 
(12) -per, (13) -pin, (14) -preg, (15) -prick, (16) -prod, see 
(5); (17) -rape, see (3) ; (18) -rovven, roof-damaged ; (19) 
skew, projecting stones walled in to cover the junction 
of slating with walling; (20) -sparrow, the house-sparrow, 
Passer aomeslicus ; (21) -spelk, see (5); (22) -spittle or 
spurtle, a tool used in thatching ; (23) -sting, a thatching 
needle; (24) -stob. see (5); (25) -stone, stone used for 
roofing houses ; (26) -stopple, a handful of straw pre- 
pared for thatching; (27) -straw, straw for thatching; (28) 
teng, see (23) ; (29) -tiles, obs., roof-tiles. 

(i) Not. 1 Lin. He went at it thack and mortar, THOMPSON Hist. 
Boston (1856) 727 ; Lin. 1 Lei. 1 Ah een't doon mooch woo'k to-dee, 
nur ah shain't dew non to-morra ; but ah shall set tew next dee 
thack-an' mortar. Nhp. 1 (a) Sc. If it's your honour, we'll a' be 
as right and tight as thack and rape can make us, SCOTT Guy M. 
(1815)!; 'In thack and rape,' in order, denoting what is completely 
secured or perfectly well regulated. ' Under thack and raip,' snug 
and comfortable. ' Out of a thack and raip,' applied to one who acts 
in a disorderly way (JAM.). ne.Sc. The corn is all 'in ' now, and 
stands safe under ' thack and rape ' in the barnyard, GORDON North- 
ward Ho (1894) 165. Ayr. An' nought but liis han' darg to keep 
Them right an' tight in thack an' rape, BURNS Ttva Dogs (1786) 
1. 78. Rxb. Call me cut lugs if I dinna . . . hae Joan safe under 
thak and rape at Hermitage before the first note o' the gowk 
rings through Liddesdale, HAMILTON Outlaws (1897) an. Gall. 
The crops of corn . . . should be in the stackyards under thack 
and rape by the second day of September, CROCKETT Raidirs 

(1894) Foreword. (3) n.Yk.', ne.Yks.' (4) Cum. 14 (5) w.Yks. 
A pair a leather gall, ses teed tut end ov a thack-brod, TOM 
TREDDLEHOYLE Baimsla Ann. (1855) l8 ; w.Yks. 8 (6. e.Lth. 
She . . . sheltered herself in his huge bosom, like a scared little 
mousie under a thackbunch on a thrashing day, MUCKLEBACKIT 
Rhymes (1885) 171. (7) s.Lln. We want a new ball o'thack-cord 
(F.H.W.). (8) Lnk. Our hame wasathack-coveredbiel', NICHOLSON 
Kilwuddie (1895) 155. (9) Rxb. (JAM.) (.10) Fif. Capper and 
thack-lead aff were tane ; Kirk-guttin' clean was finish't, TENNANT 
Papistry (1827, 314. (n) Sc. (JAM. Suppl. ), Nhb. 1 (12) s.Lin. 
Ye haven't half driven in them lhack-pegs (F.H.W.). (13) Sc. 
(JAM. Suppl.) (14' Lin. 1 I'll lay this thack preg about your back. 
n.Lin.' (is)w.Yks. (16) n.Yks. 24 , ne.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 (17)80. 
(JAM. Suppl.} n.Yks. 2 (s.v. Thack-prods'. (18) n.Yks. 2 (19) 
w.Yks. (T.H.H.) (20) Lei. 1 Nhp. SWAINSON Birds (1885) 60; 
Nhp. 2 Shr. SWAINSON ib. 60. (ai, 22) Cnm. 14 (23, 24) n.Yks. a 
(25) Sc. (JAM.) Hdg. Houses, . . instead of being covered 
with straw, deals, or boards, should henceforth be covered with 
slates, lead, tiles, or thack stones, RITCHIE St. Baldred (1883) 
37. Dmf. I have seen these, square slabs of red sandstone on 
cottages (A.W.). (26) Cum. 14 (27) Sc. Lay some wevscso' thack 
strae on my house, DONALD Poems (1867) 17. (28) n.Yks. 2 (29) 
n.Cy., w.Yks. GROSE (1750) Suppl. 

6. adj. Thatched, made of thatch. 

Sc.'I think it's been a thack ane, an' there's some o' the stoure 
in my throat yet, FORD Thistledown 11891) 127. Rnf. Ye are 
undoubted lairdie O' mony a guid thack-house an' yardie, 
FINIAYSON Rhymes (1815) 23. Ayr. Ye ken whaur he leeves, in 
the wee thack hoose in the Doocot Lane, SERVICE Notandums 
(1890) 15. Dmf. I hae a bit thack house, WALLACE Schoolmaster 
('899) 334- Nhb. 1 

[1. Thakkyn howsys, sarlatego (Prompt.). OE. bacian. 
2. />cfc, thatch, fiaca, a roof (SWEET).] 

THACK, v. 2 Sc. e.An. Cor. Also in form thock Cor. 
[bak, bsek.] To thwack, beat, flog. 

Dmf. Ye weel deserve a that-kin' For tellin Bacchus oft did 
blacken Town Jemmy's een, QUINN Heather Linlie (1863^ 22. 
e.An. 1 Nrf. He rarely thackcd th' old dicky [donkey] (E.M.). 
Cor. Likewise a thong to thock thee, ef Thee d'st ever go askew, 
FORFAR Poems (1885) 7. 

[OE. />accian, to pat, flap (SWEET).] 

THACKER, sb. n.Cy. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] A small open cupboard. (Coil. L.L.B.) 


THA E, dent. pron. and dem. adj. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. 
Yks. Lan. Also in forms thea Cum. 14 ; theae s.Sc. ; 
thee Nhb. 1 ; theea n.Yks. [?e.J \.dem.pron. Those; 
occas. these. 

Sc. ' Thir ' and ' thae ' have curiously enough not penetrated beyond 
the Grampians, the north-eastern Scotch using ' thj-s 'and 'that 'in 
the plural as well as the singular, MURRAY Dial. 11873 184 : Thou 
sail hae thae, thou sail hae mae, SCOTT Minstrelsy (1802) I. 317, 
ed. 1848. Elg. Are thae thy mournful cries ? COUPER Poetry 
(1804 j I. 175. Bnff. Thae to herry Wha simply trust the h born 
rogues, TAYLOR Poems (1787) 10. w.Sc. Thae's curus cups thae, 
surely 1 WOOD rardeii Ha (1902) 147. s.Sc. Dynna teake theae, 
thay wunna weir weill, MURRAY ///. 182. Rnf. Meikle mair than 
thae, PICKEN Poems 1,1813) I. 94. Lnk. Sic cracks as thae were 
nichtly tauld, MURDOCH Doric Lyre (1873) i. Dmf. Fie, fau't na 
thae for morals glory Sip tea, na wine, QUINN Heather (^1863) ai. 
Cum. 14 (s.v. Thur), n.Yks. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 

2. dem. adj. Those ; occas. these. 

Sc. Thae duds were a' o' the colour o' moonshine in the water, 
SCOTT Midlothian (1818) xvi. Abd. The like o' thae things, 
RUDDIMAN 5c. Parish (1828) 69, ed. 1889. Frf. Ye've pallached 
the snoots o' thae yins, INGLIS^III fit. (1895"; 25. Per. Thae auld 
men wi' snaw beards, HALIBURTON Ochil Idylls (1891) 59. Dmb. 
Thae hempies on the Ian' let loose, SALMON Gouodean (1868) 29. 
Ayr. Hearken to thae cutty queans, SERVICE Notandums ( 1 890) i. 
Lnk. Brisk, laughin', jokey creatur' in thae days, FRASER tl'haups 

( 1895) 195. Slk. It was ane o' thae lang midsummer nichts, CHR. 
NORTH Nodes ed. 1856) II. 9. Rxb. He's been gane thae twa 
hoors an' mair, DIBDIN Bolder Life (1897) 96. Gall. I think thae 
plants will shift fine, Gal/ovidian (1901) II. 124. Uls. Got o' a' 
thae letters ye canna even fin oot whor 'is folk leeves, M r lLROY 
Craiglinnif (1900) 125. Nhb. 1 Thee kye. Thee folk. n.Yks. 
Wheea's theea tweea bairns, sa' thee? MURRAY it. 184. 

[1. Thomas Randell wes ane off tha, That for his lyff be- 
come far man, BARBOUR Bntce (1375) 11. 463- 2. For he had 
drede of thai thre men, ib. VH. 185. OE./a, pi. of se, the.] 




THAF, THAF(F-CAKE, see Though, Tharf cake. 

THAFFER, THAFT, see Thoffer, Thoft. 

THAGGY, adj. Yks. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] Thick and misty. (HALL.) 

THAIM, THAIRN, see Them, Theirn. 

THAIRSELlS, THAIT, see Theirselves, Theat, sb. 

THAIVIL, THAIVL, see Thavvel. 

THAK, see Thac(k, Thack, v. 1 

THAKE, THAKKA. see Thack, v.\ Thac(k. 

THALLACK, int. Oxf. 1 [bas'lak.] An exclamation 
of surprise : there look ! (s.v. Yallack.) 

THALLURE, adv. I.Ma. [Sa'ljai'r).] Enough. 

But kind aw bless ye ! kind thallure, BROWN Witch (1889) 3 ; 
She is grand thallure [Manx, Dy liooar], with her rings and 
watch (S.M.). 

THALM, see Tharm. 

THALTHAN, sb. I.Ma. Also in form tholthan. 
[tolfan.] A half-ruined cottage. 

She needn't be so proud, her father lived and died in that 
thalthan you see up on the hill there [Manx tholt, a barn] 
(S.M. ) ; She lived in a thalthan up the river, BROWN Witch (1889"! 
16 ; I kno.v about the sad story connected wis that ould ruined 
tholthan ' across the ravvar [riverl, RYDING Tales 1895) 26. 

THAM, THAME, see Then, adv., Them, They. 

THAMP, adj. Yks. Lan. [bamp.] Soft ; pliable, not 
easily broken ; moist. 

s. Lan. Lennock meyus thamp, un owt what's raythur lennock 
ur thamp mun be sauft, ORMEROD Felly fro Rachde (1851) 69; 
But little known, and not now in common use (F.E.T.). 

Hence Thampy, adj. damp. Yks. (HALL.), w.Yks. 1 

THAMSON, see Tamson. 

THAN, conj. and adv. Sc. Lan. Chs. Shr. Also in form 
thun Lan. [t5an.] 1. conj. In phr. Deil than, used to 
express a wish : would that. 

Dmb. Deil than your tongue were hookit neb and root, SALMON 
Gowodran (1868) 10. Ayr. Deil than she may break her neck, 
GLASS Tales (1873) 18. 

2. Till, until. 

Lan. Be qvvatt thun I've done, Why John (Coll. L.L.B.). 
s Lan. 1 Aw conno' do it than neet. Chs. 3 Stop than oi get hout 
on thee, an oi'll tan thoi hoide for thee ! s.Chs. 1 We delayed 
writing than now, because of getting the harvest over. Shr. 1 
1 run than I thought I'd a dropt, latrod, 82. 

3. adv. Else. Cf. thanse. 

n. Sc. Come hame sune, or than I'll be angry (JAM.). 

4. Elsewhere, ib. 

THAN, THANDER, see Then, adv., Thonder. 

THANE, sb. 1 Obs. Sc. A dial, form of ' vane.' 

Abd. Both these isles had battalines, and buttrages round about 
them, with cross thanes of iron on the top of each of them, OREM 
Chanonry Abd. (1791) 62 (JAM.). 

Hence Cross-thanes, crossed vanes. 

The two lesser steeples have both cross-thanes of iron upon 
their tops. ib. 60. 

THANE, sb? Dor. Bracken, Pteris aquilina. (G.E.D.) 
THANE, adj. Obs. Sc. Wm. Yks. Also written 
thain and in form thene Wm. 1. Of meat : raw, under- 
done. See Thone. 

The meat is thain ; raw, little done, SINCLAIR Obs. (1782) 109; 

\J AM. J 

2. Damp, moist ; esp. used of meal. 

Lnk., Lth. I dinna like thain meal, i.e. made of oats that have 
not been much dried on the kiln (JAM.). Wm. (K,) 

Hence Thany, adj. damp. w.Yks. 1 

THANE'S TOWER, phr. Nrf. See below. 

The^ tower of the church ... is what is called a 'Thane's 
tower,' that is a tower such 'as, according to tradition, Thanes 
alone were allowed to build. The peculiarity of Thanes' towers 
seems to be that . . . they have four little windows in them look- 
ing to the cardinal points of the compass, Longman's Mae (May 
1899) 40. 

THANG-NAIL, sb. Nhp. 1 A small piece of reverted 
skin at the side of the finger-nail ; prob. for ' the ang-nail ' 
See Agnail. 

THANK, v. and sb. Sc. Irel. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Shr 
Hrf. Cor. Also in form thenk n.Yks. 2 e.Yks. 1 [barjk 
baerjk ; Yks. berjk.] 1. v. In phr. (i) be thankit, thank 

God ; (2) thank God, thank you, a form of address to the 
host at the conclusion of a dinner after grace is said ; (3) 
thanks tha or thanksto, thank you; (4) thank you or thankee, 
used in narration, to emphasize a denial or to express 
surprise ; (5) you for me, used as a form of thanks for 
hospitality ; (6) you for them, used in answering an 
inquiry after absent friends ; (7) you, sir, a second-hand 
article of clothing. 

(i) Rnf. Be thankit, I'm meanwhile Safe frae thy stoorie, mad 
turmoil, YOUNG Pictures (1865) 159. (al n,Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. 
add. (P.) (3) n.Yks. (T.S.\ e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.), w.Yks. 1 
(4) Hrf. 2 (5) Shr. 1 ' Now, Nelly, raak' the lady a curchey, an* 
say thank you for me, an' I'm greatly obleeged fur sich a nice lay.' 
This singular expression seems to be an elliptical one, signifying, 
I thank you for what you have given to me. (6) n.Cy. GROSE 
(1790) MS. add. (P.) (7) w.Yks. He'd got on a regular ' thank- 
you-sir,' you never saw such a guy (H. L.). 

2. To suffice. 

Ayr. I've eaten ower muckle o' yon fat haggis, . . an' I'll gar the 
bouk o' black pea o\' either sybo or leek thank me for the feck o' 
twa days, AINSLIE Land of Burns (ed. 1892) 69. 

3. sb. In phr. (i) in one's thank, in one's obligation ; (2) 
to serve one's thank, to be thankful for ; (3) thanks be, (4) 
thanks be praised, expressions of gratitude. 

(i) Don. I didn't wish the poor man dead, but, God forgive me ! 
I was wishin' that his legacy would come till us afore May, that 
we might get Micky the Rogue's farm. Poor man, he died in our 
thank after all, Cent. Mag. (July 1901) 433. Cum. 1 He com i' my 
thank an' I mun pay him weel; Cum. 4 (2) Rnf. Ye ... that hae 
umbrellas aye laid bye To ser yer thank, YOUNG Pictures (1865) 
128. (3) e.Sc. Thanks be ! he's no in his bed yet, STRAIN 
Elmslie's Drag-net (1900) 140. Cor. Two expressions of every 
day occurrence, which spring out of the piety of the people. One 
is the abbreviated Doxology, ' Thanks be ' : the other an expres- 
sion of resignation, ' If it be so pleasin',' HAMMOND Parish (1897) 
346. (4) n.Yks. 2 

THANKSOMELY, adv. Not. [ba-nksamli.] Thank- 
fully. (J.H.B.) 

THANSE, adv. Sc. [c"anz.] Else. Cf. than, 3. 

Abd. It's geyan ill for makin' young folk rebellious or thanse 
deceitfu', Abd. Wkly. Free Press (Oct. 20. 1900). Kcb. The farmer 
had tae . . . set twa o' his men tae carry them tae the next farm, 
or thanse help tae do't hissel, TROTTER Gall. Gossip (1901) 160. 

THAPES, sb. pi. Sc. Yks. Chs. e.An. Also in forms 
theabes, thebes Nrf.; thepes Sc. Nrf. [Not known to 
our Sc. correspondents.] [beps.] 1. The fruit of the 
gooseberry, Ribes Grossularia. See Feaberry. 

s.Sc. MACKAY. e.Yks. (B. & H.I, Chs. 2 , e An. 1 Nrf. BROWNE 
Wks. (c. 1682) III. 233, ed. Bohn; (A.G.F.) ; Science Gossip 
(1869) 188. e.Nrf. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1787). 

Hence Thape-pie, sb. gooseberry-pie. 

e.An. 1 Nrf. COZENS-HARDY Broad Nrf. 
Gossip (1869) 188. 

2. The fruit of the gorse, Ulex europaeus. s.Sc. MACKAY. 

3. The fruit of the thorn, Crataegus Oxyacantha. ib. 
THAR, v. Sc. Also in forms thair Dmf. (JAM.) ; 

thaur Cai. 1 ; ther Dmf. (JAM.) ; pret. thurst, thurt Sc. 
(JAM.) To need ; gen. followed by a neg. 

Cai. 1 Ye thaur-na fash. 'Ye thaur noor,' you need not. 
Thurstna. Dmf. Ye thair n'fash. ' You thurtna stop,' you should 
not stay. Ye thurstn' (JAM.). 

[Trwe mon trwe restore, penne bar mon drede no 
wabe, Gawayne (c. 1360) 2355.] 

THAR, TH ARDS , TH ARECKL Y, see Their, Towards, 

THARF, adj. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Also in forms 
thairf Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) ; tharth Cum. 14 ; thauf m.Yks. 1 ; 
theeaf e.Yks. 1 [barf.] 1. Stark, stiff ; heavy, ' sad.' 

w.Sc., s.Sc. (JAM. Suppl.), Nhb. 1 , w.Yks. 1 Hence Tharfish, 
adj. | sad,' heavy. Nhb. 1 2. Of heavy countenance; 
lumpish ; reluctant, unwilling ; hesitating ; shy ; slow ; 
forbidding, cold, unsociable. 

w.Sc., s.Sc. QAM. Suppl.), N.Cy.', Nhb. 1 , Cnm.', n.Yks."*, 
ne.Yks. 1 e.Yks. 1 He was varry theeaf at gannin. Nearly obs., 
MS. add. (T.H.) m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale 
(c. 1882) Gl. ; w.Yks. 1 

Hence (i) Tharf-comer, sb. one who comes slowly and 
reluctantly ; (2) Tharfish, adj. of heavy countenance ; 

Vrf. (1893) 86; Science 




lumpish ; reluctant, unwilling, backward, timorous, shy ; 
forbidding ; (3) Tharfly, adv. reluctantly, unwillingly, 
deliberately, slowly. 

(OnxYks. 1 (a) w.Sc.,s.Sc. (JAM. S/>//.), Nhb. 1 n.Yks. 1 She's 
rather a tharfish kind of a bairn ; n.Yks. 24 , m.Yks. 1 (3) Nhb. 1 
' She's gan varry tharfly ' (said of a clock that appeared to be ready 
to stop at any moment). ' He spoke tharfly aboot it.' n.Yks. 1 ; 
n.Yks. 2 She chews her cud varry tharfly. He mends varry thar- 
fly ; n.Yks. 4 , ne.Yks. 1 e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.) m-Yks. 1 

THARF-BREAD, sb. Obs. Yks. Unleavened bread. 
(K.) See Tharf-cake. 

THARF-CAKE, sb. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Yks. Lan. Der. 
Also in forms thaaf-cake Nhb. 1 ; thaf(f- Nhb.' Dur.; 
thar- N.Cy. 2 Cum.' 4 w.Yks.'* Lan. 1 e.Lan. 1 s.Lan.' Der. 12 
nw.Der. 1 ; tharth- Nhb. 1 Cum. 14 ; thauf- N.Cy. 1 ; thaugh- 
Nhb. 1 Dur. [J>af-, )?a-.] 1. An unleavened cake of flour 
or meal, mixed with milk or water, rolled out thin and 

N.Cy. 12 Nhb. They never gat owse better than thaaf keahyk, 
BEWICK Tyneside Tales (1850) II ; Nhb. 1 A thicker tharf-cake was 
sometimes made of hinder-end wheat, pea-meal, and dressed 
'chisel,' baked in the oven. Dur. (J.H.), Dur. 1 Cum. 1 Baked on 
the hearth among the embers ; Cum. 4 w.Yks. (D.L.) ; TIIORESBY 
Lett. (1703) ; w.Yks. 14 , e.Lan. 1 , Der. 12 

2. A kind of cake made of oatmeal, butter, and treacle ; 
' parkin.' 

w.Yks. 24 Lan. As thodd'n as a tharcake, TIM BOBBIN View 
Dial. (ed. 1740) 31 ; Lan. 1 Eaten on the night of the fifth of 
November. s.Lan.', Der. 12 , nw.Der. 1 

Hence Tharcake-Monday, sb. the first Monday after 
Oct. 31. 

Lan I'se be thirty five next Tharcake- Monday, WAUGH Heather 
(ed. Milner) II. 276; Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 

[1. A fewe cruddes and craym and a therf cake, P. 
Plowman (A.) vn. 269. OE. beorf, unleavened (SWEET).] 

THARFY, sb. Nhb. Yks. fj>a-fi.] A 'tharf-cake'; 
stiff, unleavened bread. Nhb.' (s.v. Tharf-kyek). w.Yks.' 

THARK,a#. Obs. e.An.s.Cy. Also in forms thurck 
e.An. 1 Nrf. ; thurk Nrf. Dark. 

e-An. 1 Nrf. HICKES A.S. Gram. (1689) ; BROWNE Wks. (c. 
1682) III. 233, ed. Bohn ; RAY (1691). 

Hence Tharky, adj. dark, dusky. 

Suf. RAY (,1691). s.Cy. GROSE (1790). 

[Therke, or dyrk, tenebrosus, caliginosus (Prompt.).] 

THARM, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Lakel. Yks. 
Der. Lin. Also written thalm Lin. ; and in forms thairm 
Sc. (JAM.) N.I. 1 N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 Dur. 1 ; thairn Sc. GAM.); 
theim Sc. ; therm Sc. (JAM.) Wm. ; thurm Lakel. 1 | barm, 
bam; berm.] 1. sb. The belly or intestines of a man or 

Sc. (JAM.) ; He that has a wide theim had never a long arm, 
KELLY Coll. Prov. (1721) 137; HERD Coll. Sags. (1776) Gl. Lth. 
A wide thairm has seldom a long arm (JAM.). Wm., Yks. (K.), 
Lin. (J.C.W.) n.Lin. 1 The colon or large bowel. 
2. The intestines twisted into a cord ; catgut ; a fiddle- 

Sc. The best fiddler that ever kittled thairm with horse-hair, 
SCOTT Redg. (1824") Lett. x. Or.I. Regularly, as summer returned, 
the man of tliairms had his peats carted to his door gratis, VEDDER 
Sketches (1832) 108. Ab.l. The puir man's thairms [fiddlestrings] 
are a' hingin' lowse, an' there's no grip eneuch i' the pegs to set 
them up again, MACDONALD Malcolm (1875) III. 40. Rnf. The 
witching tones o' Patie's therm Maks farmer chiels forget their 
farm, WEBSTER Rhymes (1835) 60. Ayr. Hing our fiddles up to 
sleep . . . And o'er the thairms be tryin', BURNS Ordination (1786) 
St. 7. Dmf. [He] Took Dauvid's fiddle on his knee, An' twanged 
the haly thairm, QUINN Heather (1863) 146. N.I. 1 N.Cy. 1 Used 
in spinning-wheels. Nhb. 1 As dry as thairm. Dur.', Lakel.' 
Cum. Come ye, who're blest wi' tuneful fire, Who scrape the tharm, 
or thrum the wire, Strike up, DICKINSON Lit. Rent. (1888) 158; 
Cum. 4 , n.Yks. 8 

Hence (i) Cat-tharm-whip, sb., obs., a whip made of 
catgut ; (2) Tharm-band, sb., obs., a cord made of catgut 
for turning a spinning-wheel ; (3) -inspiring, ppl. adj., obs., 
inspiring by music played on a fiddle ; (4) -whip, sb., obs., 
see (i). 

(i) Yks. (K.) (2) Sc. (JAM.) (3) Ayr. O had M'Lauchlan, 

thairm-inspiring sage, Been there to hear this heavenly band 
engage, BURNS Brigs of Ayr 1787) 1. 203. (4) Yks. (K.1 

3. Intestines prepared for puddings ; sausage-skins. 
w.Yks. THORF.SBY Litt. (,1703 ; w.Yks. 24 , Der. 1 Obi. Lin. RAY 

(1691^; Lin. 1 , sw.Lin.' 

4. Fie;, pi. Bonds. 

Frf. Deidly thairms hind her mortal chaiims Alow the castle wa', 
REID Heatherland (1894) 93. 

5. v. To play on a stringed instrument 

Dmf. Yer herp again be thairmin', QUINN Heather (1863) 99. 

fl. OE. bearm, entrail (SWEET).] 

THARN, v. Obs. Dev. [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] To mock, scorn. (HALL.) 

THARRY, adj. Obs. Suf. [Not known to our corre- 
spondents.] Dark. (HALL.) 

THART, THARTH, see Think, Tharf. 


THAT,pron.,adj.,adv.and conj. Var.dial.uses inSc.Irel. 
Eng. and Amer. Also in forms dat Sh.I. Ken. ; thot Lin. 
[Sat.Saet; unstressed Sat.] I. Dial. forms. Contractions: 
(i) Tha'd, that would ; (2) Tha's, that is or that has ; (3) 
Thattle, that will. 

(i) I. Ma. The sea tha'd be there, BROWN Yarns (1881) 151, ed. 
1889. (a) Cor. My ould wumman, thas gone, 7". Touifer ( 1873) 
139. (3) w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. Thattle doo, sed I, TIM BOBBIN 
View Dial. (ed. 1809) 59. Cxf. (G.O.I 

n. Dial. uses. 1. dtm. pron. This. 

Sc. (JAM ) Fif. The usual salutation ' that's a braw day,' 
ROBERTSON Provost (1894) 119. Gall. A Scotchman will say, 
'that is a fine day,' when an Englishman would say, ' this is a fine 
day,' or simply ' a fine day ' (A.W.). N.I. 1 That's a soft day. 

2. Used in place of the personal pronouns, esp. of the 
neuter singular it. 

w.Yks.' Used peculiarly for him, her, it, &c. ; w.Yks. 5 That 
(says a mother, speaking of her married son) ne'er comes near- 
hand now. Patty cawal'd o' Munday, an' ah gav' that what 
belonged her. I. Ha. I don't know about gulls, but lekly not 
That's a dale more innoccnter altogether, BROWN Doctor 1,1887) 
146. e.An. 2 How that du snow ! Nrf. ' It looks as if it were 
going to rain all day, Mrs. B.' 'That do, Miss' (A. B.C.). Suf. 
Of a child, 'That don't fare no butter to-daa.' Of an animal, 'That 
on't hurt that, that that on't,' RAVEN Hist. Suf. (1895) 264 ; 

Hence That's, pass. pron. his, hers, its. 

w.Yks. 5 ' Whoas is that bonnet ? ' ' It's that's,' says the person 
asked, with a side inclination of her head towards her daughter. 
e.A:i. That [the fairy] looked out o' the corners o' that's eyes, 
CLODD Tom Tit Tot (1898) 12. Nrf. That wagged that's tail 
(U.W.). Suf. That looked out of the corners o' that's eyes, FISON 
Merry Suf. (1899) la. 

3. Used emphatically to avoid the repetition of a previous 
word or sentence. 

Sc. It sometimes serves to return the sense of a word or sentence 
going before. ' He was ance a thief and he'll aye be that ' (JAM. i ; 
He asked if he recollected him. ' Weel that, weel that ; and ye're 
welcome hame,' FERRIER Marriage (1818) ii. ne.Sc. Do you 
understand his sermons?' ' Finely that, mem,' GRANT Ktckleton, 
186. Cnm. 1 It's a gay nice horse that; Cam. 4 w.Yks. (J.W.) 

4. Used in emphatic reiteration of an assertion. 

Sc. ' She has married somewhat late in life, I think.' ' That has 
she mem,' WHITEHEAD Daft Davie (1876, loo, ed. 1894. n.Yks. 2 
1 did it, that did I. I know I can walk it, that can I. I wad, that 
wad I. e.Yks. 1 He was a good husband II ma as langas he lived ; 
he was that. w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. I mind the day she took leave 
of you, I do that, well, CASTLE Light of Scarthey 1.1895) 75. Lin. 
But a cast oop, thot a did, 'boot Bessy Harris's barne, TENNYSON 
N. Farmer, Old Style (1864) st. 4. n.Lin. 1 He's a quiet man, bud 
a rare un at oht ; yes, he is that. sw.Lin. 1 Lei. 1 ' Do you like 
apples ? ' ' Oi dew that.' ' Can you eat one ? ' ' Oi can that,' 27. 
War. 2 Lon. ' I suppose . . . you're in a hurry, Mr. Tinker ' 'I 
am that, mum,' BAUMANN Londinismen (1887 . Suf. Soo she set 
to work and eat 'urn all, . . that she did, FISON Merry Suf. (1899) 
9. Ken. Used emphatically at the end of a sentence thus, ' they 
have that' I.G.B.). 

5. Phr. (i) and that, (a) the likes of that, and so forth, 
et cetera ; (3) ifallivas to that, if nothing else was wanting ; 
(4) or that, or such things, or so forth ; (5) that I leave, that 
is a point I will not decide ; (6) licks the native?, that 



surpasses everything ; (7) o't, a crisis, point ; the very 
thing ; (8) '5 me lad, an exclamation used to encourage 
boys ; (9) 's the damn, an expletive; (10) 's the doll, 
(u) 's what, (12) 's where '/is, that's the matter or the 
point ; just so ; (13) there, (a) an emphatic form of 'that,' 
used to point out a thing more definitely ; (b) obs., a London 
rider, one who comes from the east of England; (14) 
thereimy, see (13, a). 

(i) Wxf. Father James knew everything about religion, and 
prayers, and confessions, and that, KENNEDY Banks Boro (1867) 
188. w.Yks. (J.W.) War. 2 I've been gardening and that. Wi!. 1 
Well, he do have a drop tide-times and that. w.Som. 1 Oh ! he do 
do middlin' like way little caddlin' jobs, and urnin arrants and 
that. nw.Dev.i (2) n.Dev. (R.P.C.) (3. n.Yks. (I.W.) (4) Ir. 
Almanacks, or books of ballads, or that, KENNEDY Evenings Duffrey 
(1869) 99. (5) Suf. So folks sah,. but that I leave, MOOR MS. 
(HALL.) (6^ w.Yks. (B.K.) (7)e.Sc. It's an unco thing to confess 
ane's sel' a failure in the very thing that was ane's pride. ^ But it 
came to that o't wi' me last Sabbath day, STRAIN Elnts/ie's Drag- 
net (1900) 162. (8) Wm. That's-me-lad, leuk sharp an' gah fer 
t'milk (B.K.). (9) ib. Ahr miln's o' fahr that's the damn. (10) 
ib. (n)nCy. GROSE (1790) Suppl. w.Yks. 1 (12) Nrf. (M.C.H.B.) 
(13, a) w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. That theer's a graidely big 'un, 
BURNETT Hauiorth's (1887) iv. e.Lan. 1 , Not. 1 , Lin. 1 n.Lin. 1 Put 
this here i'to th' pantry an' fling that theare i'to th' swill-bucket 
(s.v. This here). Lei.', War. 3 , Shr. 1 50. s.Oxf. There ain't no 
call to beat 'im like that there, ROSEMARY Chilterns (1895) 51. 
e.An. 2 (s.v. This-here). Ken. That 'ere's my boy that I told ye of, 
CARR Collage Flk. (1897) 17. n.Hmp. (E.H.R.) I.W. 1 I axed 
Meyastur about that are last night, 51. w.Som. When the noun, 
whatever be its quality or number, has been already mentioned or 
is to be named in the same sentence, it is referred to by the neuter 
or indefinite form of the demonstrative. ' Ez dhaat dhae'iir 3'oa-ur 
chill-urn!' ELWORTHY Gram. (1877) 32. (b) Lon. Horae Subsecivae 
(1777)429. Dev. (HALL.) (14) Glo. I've never troubled my yead 
about such things as that thereimy, BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn 
(1890) xix. 

6. rel. pron. Who. 

Frf. I am the mother of him that writes about the Auld Lichts, 
BARRIE M. Ogilvie (1896) iv. Ir. It's he that's the bashful boy, 
Paddiana led. 1848) I. 27. I.Ma. When it is desired to lay the 
emphasis upon the nominative case of the verb, that word is 
brought to the front. ' It is I who am here ' becomes ' It's me that's 
in' (S.M.). Midi. (J.W.), War. 2 Intimt. Shr. 1 A girl that can 
milk, 50. w.Som. Dim maa-yd dhut ad ur yuung mae'un u-kee-uld 
[the maid that had her young man killed], ELWORTHY Gram. 
(1879) 42; w.Som. 1 Dhai- dhut noa-uth has- du zai aew twaud'n 
noa' jis dhing [those who know best say that it was no such thing]. 

7. dem. adj. Obs. This. 

Sc. He and his army saw a vision in the heavens with that motto 
upon it, 'In Christ ye shall overcome,' WALKER Peden (1727) 84 


8. Those. 

Sc. That things, Scoticisms (1787) 93 ne.Sc. Thys beuks and 
that pens, MURRAY Dial. (1873) 184; That scheen, ib. 81. Abd. 
Maybe ye wad like to luik at that anes, MACDONALD 7?. Falconer 
(1868) 136; That tools (J.M.). 

0. Such, so much. 

Sc. He was no longer able to go through the business with 
that vigour as fie wished, MITCHELL Scotticisms (1799) 82. Nhb. 
He hit wi' that force 'at he broke the shank (R.O.H.). w.Yks. 
Very common (J.W). Dev. I fed myself in that alarm that go 
away I couldn't, BLACKMORE Perlycross v 1894) 41. 

10. Phr. (i) that-a-road or thatta-road, (2) -a-way, ,-aivay(s, 
or thatta-way, that way, that direction ; that fashion ; gen. 
used advb. ; (3) how, that manner, that fashion ; gen. 
used advb. : so ; (4) lids, in that manner ; (5) road, 
see (2) ; (6) same, the same, it ; (7) there, an emphatic 
form of ' that, 1 used to point out a thing more definitely ; 
(8) way, of that kind, like that. 

(i) s.Chs. 1 Here, here, cleean yur feyt an' not go off a' thatta 
road, 70. (2) Ir. When I sees him that a way the second time, 
your Reverence, Spectator (Oct. 26, 1889) ; It's very careless I 
hear they are that aways, Paddiana (ed. 1848) I. 137. Yks. 
(HALL.), w.Yks. 1 (s.v. This-a-way), s.Chs. 1 70. Not. There's a 
nice gap hafe a furlong off: it's out o' my road or I'd show yer; 
that-away, PRIOR Forest Flk. (1901) 42; Not. 1 Lin. Down in the 
marsh lands, that-a-way, Gilbert Rugge (1866) II. 174. sw.Lln. 1 
She couldn't hav gotten thruff that-a-way. Lei. 1 , War. 23 w.Wor. 
Ween git her in atween us that awaay, S. BEAUCHAMP N. Hamilton 

(1875) 1. 282. [Amer. They'd . . . come an' snatch 'em up an' bundle 
'em off that-away, HARRIS Tales, 283.] (3) Wm. And so we built 
'em that how, RAWNSLEY Remin. Wordsworth (1884). e.Yks. 1 
Deeant dee it tliat hoo. w.Yks. (J.W.) Not. He wanted it done 
a that-how (L.C.M.). sw.Lin. 1 It's better that how. It's no use 
knocking oneself up that how. (4) ns.Lan. (5) Chs. 3 What's 
th' use o' tawkin a-that-road ? it's aw rubbish ! (6) Ir. But do 
you see the big brick house, with the cow-houses by the side of 
that same! BARRINCTON Sketches (1830) I. xii. (7) Wm. Thoo's 
niver bin the same man . . . since thoo'd that there newmoanin', 
OLLIVANT Owd Bob ( 1898) 72. w.Yks. A kant eit Sat Sis meit, 
WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 124 ; w.Yks. 1 s.Lan. 1 That theer 
lad o' thine's a born foo'. nw.Der. 1 Not. It don't seem as there'll 
be much lumber ower that theer gate wi' him, PRIOR Forest Flk. 
(1901) 37. Lin. 1 Bring me that there mell. se.Lin. (J.T.B.), 
Nhp. 1 War. 2 That there whip's mine. s.Oxf. I was 'elpin' the 
men build that there new porchugal onto the 'ouse, ROSEMARY 
CAil/erns (1895) 74. Brks. 1 , Hnt. (T.P.F.) Lon. That there thing, 
Horae Subsecivae (1777) 4- Nrf. (E.M.) Suf. The face of ' that 
there Jimmy,' BETHAM-EDWARDS Mock Beggars Hall (igoa) 76. 
Ken. GROSE (1790). Sur. I'd found out a way to clear that thear 
pond, SON OF MARSHES On Sur. Hills (1891) 74. n.Wil. Bean't 
you going to yet up that there juicy bit, you ? J EFFERIES Amaryllis 
(1887) 17. Dor. Twas a quare job about that there fire up to 
VarmerYeatman's, HAREMS We Sow (1897) 151. w.Som. ' Dhaat 
dhae'ur' is used with anything of the indefinite sort, as corn, grass, 
lime, to denote its position as more remote than ' dhiish yuur,'i.e. 
close at hand. In speaking, however, of any defined article as a 
book, a key, or a man, if altogether absent, we should use ' dhaat 
dhae-ur.' 'Aa-vfiezeed dhaat dhae'ur nai-v oa muyn!' ELWORTHY 
Gram. (1877) 31; w.Som. 1 Referring to some person or thing 
absent or out of sight. 'Where's that there book?' meaning a 
book not in sight. Dev. All Dick's children have been took to 
church in that there shawl, O'NEILL Idyls (1892) 85. [Amer. I 
give Hiram that there red shote I'd been fattenin' fer a bawrel 
o' cider, LLOYD Chronic Loafer (1901) 195.] (8) Ir. He called it 
' gauze ' or ' gaze," or something that way, KENNEDY Evenings 
Duff rey (1869) 115. 

11. adv. So, to such a degree ; very. 

Sc. Is he that frail that he canna rise! (JAM.) ; Nae that ill, nae 
that wet (ib.} ; The brae is that easy to climb, WHITEHEAD Daft 
Davie (1876) 132, ed. 1894. Sh.I. Da folk tell dat mony lees, Sh. 
News (July 23, 1898). Or.I. He was a dour deevil, an' no that 
canny, VEDDF.R Sketches (1832) 22. Inv. That bad (H.E.F.). 
e.Sc. Tam'll no be that lang now, SETOUN Sunshine (1895) 128. 
Per. A've seen waur ; they're fillin' no that bad, IAN MACLAREN 
Brier Bush (1895) 61. Dmb. I wasna that ill-fa'ured mysel ance 
in a day, CROSS Disruption (1844) i. Ayr. She canna have that 
muckle saved o' her ain, JOHNSTON Glenbuckie (1889) 76. Edb. The 
skaith ye've met wi's nae that sma' Sin Gregory's dead, FERGUSSON 
Poems (1773) 114, ed. 1785. Kcb. He likit her that weel he thocht 
anither yin he'd hae, TROTTER Gall. Gossip (1901) 82. Ir. I'd 
twenty minds in me heart agin quittin" little Katty, and she that 
bad, BARLOW Lisconnel (1895) 303. N.I. 1 He was that heavy we 
couldn't lift him. N.Cy. 1 He's not that old. Nhb. 1 Cum. 1 Ah was 
that vex't Ah could ha' bitten't side oot of t'butter-bowl; Cum. 4 
n. Yks. 4 Ah fund mysel that sho't. e.Yks^Ahwas thatbad. w.Yks. 2 
My mouth were that sore that I couldn't abide. Lan. 1 He's that 
nowt he doesn't know what to do wi' his-sel. e.Lan. 1 We could 
have eaten a dog, we were that hungry. s.Lan. 1 I.Ma. He was 
that full that he couldn' walk (S.M.). Chs. 1 1 were that vexed I did 
not know what I said ; Chs. 3 Der. I were that distrowt I daredna 
answer, GiLCBRiSTPo*/orf(i897) 165. nw.Der A Not. 1 s.Lin.A'm 
that tired a could cry(F.H.W-). sw.Lin.iThelasswas thatpleasant. 
Rut. 1 She were that drenched, as you might have draw'd the 
water from her apurn. Lei. 1 Ah wur that mad, ah wur fit to 
boost. His butes was that mauled as his toos coom out atwixt 
the leathers. War. 2 This lad's that idle as I can do nothing with 
him ; War. 34 s Wor. 1 'E's got that fat I must be to kill 'im soon. 
Shr. 1 'E inna that owd, Introd. 82. Hrf. 2 , Glo. (A.B.) s.Oxf. 
And to think as 'ee's lyin' there that knocked about as she oodn't 
know 'im, ROSEMARY Chilterns (1895) 125. Brks. Lard love 'ee, 
he 'udn't be that soft, HAYDEN Round our Vill. (1901) 37. Hrt. 
'Ere I be comin' 'ome that wearied, GEARY Rur. Life (18991 46. 
Nrf. I don't know what to dew, I am that out of my latitude 
(E.M.). Suf. They was that overbaked, FISON Merry Suf. (1899) 
9. Ess. Made me feel that mad I could a swore, DOWNES Ballads 
(1895) II. 10. Ken. 1 He's that rude, I doant know whatever I 
shall do with him. Sur. 1 , Sus. 1 , Hmp. (H.C.M.B.) I.W. The 
little maid that knowing! GRAY Annesley (1889) III. 171. Wil. 
I tried to read 'em but couldn't, because I was that weak, TENNANT 




V<H. Notes (1900) 17. Dor. Straw do get that dear, HARDY Jttdt 
(1896) pt. in. ii. w.Som. 1 The clay was that there lovin', 'twas 
jist the very same's birdlime, eens mid zay. Dev. 'Er wuz that 
tearing mad wi' me, that I widden go a stap varder wi' 'er, 
HEWETT Peas. Sp. (1892) (s.v. Tearing). Cor. Her ... can milkey 
that purty, HARRIS Our Cove (1900) 33. [Amer. He's that sick 
he can't speak, CARRUTH Kan. Univ. Quar. (Oct. 1893) ; Not 
that far, ib.~\ 

12. Phr. (i) all thatmair, all the more, so much the more ; 

(2) that much off so knowing; clever to such an extent; 

(3) there, to such a degree, so. 

(i) n.Yks. It'll smart all that mair (.I.W.). (a) n.Yks. 4 If you 
chaps is sharp eneaaf an' ez that mich off 'at ya can manish ti to'n 
tweea coos intiv a hoss, it's neea ewse cumin' ti me, 189. (3) 
w.Yks. Ah wor that theare mad Ah could hardlee bide i' mi skin, 
Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Jan. 7, 1899). s.Stf. I was that theer tired, 
I couldner crawl, PINNOCK Bit. Cy. Ann. (1895). 

13. conj. Obs. Because, seeing that. 

Sc. The people were the more incensed at this injury, that 
there had been an -old grudge between the Asiaticks and 
Europeans, Scoticisms ( 1 787 ) 117. 

14. Alas! that; used to introduce an apology for an oath. 
Frf. The fint a rook, that I should ban, He saw, SANDS Poems 

(1833) 93. Ayr. The devil-haet, that I sud ban, They ever think, 
BURNS 2nd Ep. to Davie, st. 5. w.Yks. (J.W.) w.Som." That ever 
I should say so 1 ' This is the commonest of exclamations, half 
apologetic, whenever an oath or other very strong expression has 
been used in speaking before a ' jin-lmun.' Dhu yuung oa'uzburd ! 
neef aay doa'n lat--n ae-u-t, aa'l bee daa'md ! dhut uvur aay shud 
zai' zoa ! [The young rascal ! if I don't thrash him well, I'll be 
d d ! that ever I should say so !] 

THAT A-DONNET, sb. n.Cy. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Also in forms that-at-dannat n.Cy. w.Yks. ; -at-t'donnat 
Dur. 1 ; -au'd Dornot n.Yks. 1 ; -oal-donnet n.Yks. 2 ; -o' 
t'donnat Cum.' ; -o' t'donnot n.Yks. 2 ; -oth-donnot Wm. & 
Cum. 1 The devil; an idle, worth less person. SeeDonnot. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790) ; N.Cy. 1 , Dor. 1 (s.v. Donnat). Cum. When 
vile mosstroopers . . . By war than that-a-donnet led, STAGO 
Misc. Poems (ed. 1807) 61 ; Cum. 1 She's that o' t'donnat (s.v. 
Dormat). Wni.St Cam. 1 Tha thout that oth donnot was imma (s.v. 
Donnot). Wm. She declared the thing she saw belonged to that 
a[uld] donnet, WHITEHEAD Leg. (1859) 43) ed< l8 9 6 - n.Yks. 12 
w.Yks. HUTTON Tour to Caves(\"fii). 

THATCH, sb. Sc. Yks. Chs. Der. Nhp. Wor. Shr. 
Som. [batj, baetf.] 1. In phr. (i) as wet as thatch, very 
wet ; (2) to lift the thatch, of noise : ' to raise the roof.' See 
Thack, i/. 1 

(i) Chs. 1 'As weet as thatch' is a common simile. The straw 
for thatching being partially rotted with water before it is put on 
a roof. (3) Som. He was wont ... to make noise enough, as the 
saying is, ' to lift the thatch,' RAYMOND No Soul (1899) a6. 
2. Comp. (i) Thatch-gate, the sloping edge of the gable- 
tops of a house, when the thatch covers them ; (2) .hooks, 
iron hooks, driven into the spars, to hold down the first 
layers of straw in thatching a house ; (3) -peg, (4) -prick, 
a stick sharpened at one end to fasten down thatch ; (5) 
sparrow, the house-sparrow, Passer domesticus. 

(i) Rnf. Fire was also lodged in the thatch-gate of his corn- 
barn, HECTOR Judic. Kec. (1876) 244. (3) Chs. 1 (3) s.Chs. 1 
Der. Busily whittling thatch pegs, GILCHRIST Peakland (1897) 63. 
nw.Der. 1 , Wor. (W.B.T.) (4) Chs. 1 " (5) Nhp. SWAINSON Birds 
(1885) 60. Shr.i 

8. Any kind of vegetable matter suitable for bedding. 
Cf. thetch. 

ii. Som. The substance might include ferns (bracken), browse 
(brambles\ rexen, or even leaves (F.T.E.). 
4. Fig. A head of hair. 

w.Yks. Leet hair, thin blood that's what they allus say. Ay, 
sure, ye can niver trust yond sort o' thatch, SIUTCLIKFE Shameless 
Wayne 1,1900) 46. 

THATCH, see Tach, Thetch. 

THATCHAVER, sb. Wor. [ba-tjeva(r).] The house- 
sparrow, Passer domesticus. (E.S.) 

THATCHEN, adj. Dor. [bas'tjan.] Thatched, made 
of thatch. 

The brown thatchen roof o' the dwellen, BARNES Poems (ed. 
1869) 10 ; We did zee the red O' dawn vrom Ash-knap's thatchen 
oves, ib. 74. 

THATE, see Think. 

THATN, dent, proit. Sh.I. Cum. Wm. Der. Not. Wor. 
Hrf. Also written that'an Cum. 4 ; thattan Wm.; thatten 
se.Wor. 1 ; thatun Hrf.; that 'un Sur. ; and in forms dat 
an Sh.I. ; thattins Der. 1. That, that one. Cf. thisn. 

Lakel. 2 Cum. Ah think that'n was'nt far aslew that thoo gat, 
SARGISSON/O* Scoap (1881) 30; Cum. 1 ; Cum.* Prrf. 38. Win. 
Thool varra seean want a new shaft int, fer thattan et thoo lies 
noo nobbet leeaks raedthre waeke, Spec. Dial. (1883) pt. iii. 4. 
Der. I tak' no account o' thattins at all, VERNEY Stone Edge (1868) 
viii. Not. A crack'-pot's speech like, thatn may be remembered 
agen yer, PRIOR .forest Flk. (1901) 18. s.Not. Gie me that'n; 
sharp (J.P.K.). se.Wor. 1 Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). Sur. 
I'll nae lend mysen to that 'un for Miss Fee's saake, BICKLEY Stir. 
Hills (1890) II. vi. 
2. Phr. that an a, such a(n. 

Sh.I. Sibbie is in dat an a ontack aboot da supper, Sh. News 
(Aug. ii, 1900). 

THATN A, adv. e.An. Also in form thatney e.An. 1 
[tSae'tna.] Thus, so, in that way. e.An. 12 Suf. RAVEN 
Hist. Suf. (1895) 266. Cf. thisneys. 

THATNESS, sb. Nrf. That way, that manner. Cf. 
thisness, athatn(s. 

There bor, don't go on in thatness (W.P.E.). 

THATNIN(G, sb. Stf. [Sa'tnin.] That way, that 
fashion ; in phr. in thatning. See Athatning. 

What d'ye want, to beller at the gell i' thatnin for? MURRAY 
John Vale (1890) xxxix. 

THATN^S, adv. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Nhp. 
War. Shr. e.An. Also written thaten ne.Lan. 1 ; thatens 
ne.Lan. 1 nw.Der. 1 ; thatten' s Lan. 1 ; thattuns Ess. ; and 
in forms i' that'n Not. Nhp. 1 ; o' thatunce Lan.; that-on 
w.Yks. 1. In that way, in that manner, so. SeeAthatn(s; 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (M.) ; It's o' thatunce wi' Nathan, 
ACKWORTH Clog Shop Chron. (1896) 107 ; Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , s. Lan .', 
Chs. 13 , nw.Der. 1 Not. I' that'n J.H.B.). Nhp. 1 I shall do it i r 
that'n. War. 23 , Shr. 2 , e.An. 1 Ess. You nedn't ha' let me topple thattuns, BURMESTER John Loll (1901) 205. 
2. Phr. and that-on, and so forth, and such matters. 

w.Yks. He talkt a lot abaht t'war an that-on B.K. . 

THATSES, dent. pron. Yks. [Sa'tsaz.] That. 

w.YKs. ' Whoses thatses' is commonly used for 'whose is 
that?' (.iE.B.) 

see Tharf, Tharf-cake, Thar, Thur, dem. pron. 

THAUT, THAUVEL, see Thout, Thavvel. 

THAVE, see Theave, They. 

THAVEL, THAVELESS, see Thavvel, Thieveless. 

THAVVEL, sb. and v. Sc. n.Cy. Cum. Yks. Also 
written thavel n.YJcs. 1 ; .thavvle n.Yks. 2 ; and in forms 
thaavle n.Cy. e.Yks. ; thaivil Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) ; thaivl 
Cum. ; thauvel n.Yks. 4 ; thavil Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) [ba'vl ; 
be'vl.] 1. sb. A stick used for stirring or pushing down 
the contents of a pan likely to boil over ; a ladle without 
a bowl. Cf. thabble, thible, thivel. 

Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) n.Cy. GROSE (1790). n.Yks. 124 e.Yks. 
MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1788). 
2. v. To stir porridge. Cum. (J.B.B.) 

[2. Cp. ON. pefja (pret. J>afdi), to stir porridge (Vic- 

THAW, v. Var. gram, forms and dial, uses in Sc. and 
Eng. Also in forms tho Chs. 1 ; thow Sc. Lakel. 2 n.Yks. 2 ; 
tou Or.I. [bo, b<ga, bou.] I. Gram, forms. 1. Pret. 
(i) Thew, (2) Thowed. 

(i) e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. It thew w'en t'snaw com, 
an' ther wur a flood (F.P.T.); (W.A.S.); w.Yks. 13 , ne.Lan. 1 
n.Lin. 1 Fust it blew, and then it snew, and then it friz, and then it 
thew. Nrf. COZENS-HARDY Broad Nrf. (1893) 59. Snf. 1 (a) 
Ayr. The whusky thowed their Hiclan' bluid, AITKEN Lays (1883) 
98. Dmf. Lang afore it thow'd I kent the name o' him that lay 
Aneth its spotless shroud, REID Poems (1894) 65. 
2. Pp. : (i) Thawen, (2) Thawn, (3) Tho'en, (4) Thone, 
(5) Thowed, (6) Thowet, (7) Thown. 

(i) sw-Lln. 1 (a) e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. Ah think it's 
thawn a bit to-day (F.P.T.). (3) sw.Lin. 1 It'll be slape where it's 
tho'en. (4) L!n. 1 (5) Frf. Storms that time had thowed, REID 
Heatherland (1894) 107. s.Sc. T. SCOTT Poems (1793) 3^6 Lau. 




Well, it's a winterly sort of a day an' aw've noa bin thowed yet, 
BRIERLEY Tales (1854) 14- (6) Sc. The gangrel gang hae thowet 
awa, WADDELL Ps (1871) xviii. 45. Cum. When they gat him 
thow't he was oa reeght ageaan, SARGISSON Joe Scoap (1881) 156. 
(7^ e.Yks. 1 MS. add. (T.H.) 

II. Dial. uses. In comb, (i) Thow-hole, the south; so 
called because a south wind gen. accompanies a thaw ; 
(2) -lonsin, a thaw ; (3) -pans, the hollows in the moors, 
roads, &c. when filled with melted snow; (4) -wind, a 
wind which brings a thaw. 

(i) Gall. The mermaids can ought thole But frost out o' the 
thow-hole, MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824). (2) Or.I. (S.A.S.) (3) 
n.Yks. 2 (4) Lnk. Send forth a thaw-wind, and spring-tide day of 
the gospel, to thaw the frozen face of affairs, WALKER Biog. 
Presbyt. (ed. 1827) To the Reader, xxxvi. Lakel. 2 Owt can I bide, 
But a cauld thow wind On a hee fell side. w.Yks. Robin Hood 
could stand anything but bud a thaw-wind, Brighouse News (July 
33, 1887). Chs. 1 

THAW, see Though. 

THAW ART, adj. Sc. n.Cy. Cross, crabbed ; obstinate ; 
forward. Cf. thrawart. 

Slg. In anither moment he was in the saddle administering 
some 'rib-benders' to the thawart animal, BUCHANAN Poems 
(1901) 143. n.Cy. Border Gl. (Coll. L.L.B.) 

THAYKETY, int. w.Yks. 2 Also in form thickety. 
[Se'kati.] An exclamation ; see below. Cf. thiccy. 

When a child has been in mischief and got into trouble, another 
child will say to him : Thaykety I ' meaning ' You'll catch it.' 

THE, dem. adj. and adv. Var. dial, forms and uses in 
Sc. Irel. Eng. and Amer. I. Dial, forms, (i) D', (2) 
Da, (3) De, (4) E, Ee, or Eee, (5) T', (6) T.a, (7) Tay, (8) 
Te, (9) Teh, (10) Th(e [We], (n) Thee, (12) Thi. [tSa ; b(a, 
da; t.] 

(i) ne.Yks. 1 Sometimes (and this is especially the case in the 
Holderncss district) the ' t" is softened down to 'd',' thus : 'Can 
inti d'hocs,' 19. (2) Sh I. Da nicht o' rejoicin' cam', OLLASON 
Mareel (1901) 10 ; S. & Ork. 1 Da man. (3) Ken. 1 Introd. 6. Sus. 
I can't swallow it nohows in de wurreld, EGERTON Fit. and Ways 
(1884) 34 ; Sus. 1 8. (4) Cai. HORNE Countryside (1896) 13 ; Cal. 1 , 
Wxf. 1 Sur. Let 'ee words as did vor vather do vor son, BICKLEY 
Sur. Hills (1890) II. xv. (5) Nhb. Only heard in the extreme 
s.-west corner of the county (,R.O.H.) ; Thoo's hit t'reet nail on't 
heed, S. Tynedale Stud. (1896) Robbie Armstrong. Cum. 1 Con- 
tracting the article ' the ' into ' t" in the southern and central 
parts of the county, but riot in the north eastern part. . . 'Twether 
an' twasps hes spoilt o' trasps,' Introd. 6 ; Cum. 4 Scarcely used 
in the north of the county. . . To follow more correctly its use in 
speech, it should be coupled to the word immediately preceding, 
spite of the awkward appearance presented, thus : 'Tak t'bottle 
to t'doctor's ' is more accurately represented by ' Tak't bottle to t 
doctor's.' Wm. (B.K.) n.Yks. 1 He's getten t'faarm (s.v. Tak'); 
n.Yks. 2 Takken by t'heart (s.v. Takken) ; n.Yks. 3 " ne.Yks." The 
indefinite article should be invariably written 't' ' whether before 
a vowel or consonant ; e.g. T'airm, t'bairn, 19. w.Yks. The 
definite article ' t,' the, is generally attached to the following word, 
as 'tman,' 'tkoilz.' When the word following the definite article 
begins with 't' or ' d' the only trace of the article is that ' t' and 
1 d ' become suspended or, popularly expressed, lengthened. We 
make a clear distinction between 'teabl,' table, and 't'eabl,' the 
table, WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1892) in; We however always 
use ' 8a ' before ' load ' when it means God. ' Da ' (never ' t ') is 
also used after ' us,' who, 'wot,' what, in such expressions as : 
' Ua Sa divl did Sat?' it. 112; w.Yks. 18 n.Lan. T'rose, PHI- 
ZACKERLEY Sng. Sol. (1860) Notes, 3. ne.Lan. 1 , Hrf. 2 , Suf. (F.A.A.) 
Sur. Up here from t'village, BICKLEY Sur. Hills (1890 I. i. (6) 
Sc. The Highlanders could not comprehend what he meant until 
one who had picked up a little English, or rather Lowland Scotch, 
exclaimed ... ' ta useless baste,' SCOTT Leg. Mont. (1818) x. 
Dmf. (JAM.) (7) War.* (8) w.Sc. f JAM.) Lan. TIM BOBBIN View 
Dial. (ed. 1806) Gl. (9) Lan. TIM BOBBIN it. (10) w.Yks. Let's 
sit o' th' hearth (JE.B.) ; w.Yks." Th' man i' th' mooin. s.Lan. 1 
s.Chs. 1 One scarcely ever hears ' th ' [th] from persons under 
twenty years of age. . . The general rule regulating the use of the 
soft and hard ' th ' is that the soft ' th ' [dh] is used before a vowel, 
the hard ' th ' [th] before a consonant. ' Tak th' bowk i' th' haise ' 
[Taak - ;th buwk i)dh aays]. But to this rule the exceptions are 
not few. I have heard ' I)th' 6o'n,' and the soft ' th ' before a 
consonant is fairly frequent in the more southern part of my dis- 
trict. It seems generally to occur before a liquid. ' G6o'in fflr'dh 
leffirz ... mi nai'm'z upu)dh rej-istur,' 54, Der. 2 Hast fleck'd 

th' beds? (n) s.Chs. 1 'Thee' [dh66] I have only met with at 
Norbury Bickley and the immediately surrounding district. ' Go 
i' thee cellar an' fatch thee beer for thee men,' 53. (12) Nhb. 1 

II. Dial, uses, 1. dem. adj. Used instead of the pass, 
pron, my, his, their, &c., esp. in phr. the wife. 

Sc. Your aunt's very infirm in the feet, KEITH Lisbeth (1894) ii. 
ne.Sc. The wife an' I sat up till past eleven o'clock, GRANT 
Kecklelon, 45. Frf. Fat's the maitter wi' the airm ? INCUS Ain 
Flk. (1895) 165. s.Sc. What shall I say to the wife? WILSON 
Tales (1839) V. 9. Ayr. He ... took to the bed, SERVICE Dr. 
Dugtiid (ed. 1887) 176. Kcb. She wud cure him o'lickin the wife, 
TROTTER Gall. Gossip (1901) 441. Mnn. I couldn't tell you,. . the 
wife would know those things, BARRY Wizard's Knot (1901) 22. 
Nhb. Thor's one thing aul not share wi' thoo, an' that's the wife, 
PEASE Mark o'Deil (1894) 23. w.Yks. T'wife begins o' me agean, 
Yksman. (Xmas. No. 1888) 23. 

2. Used in a general indefinite sense before certain 
words, such as church, school, grace, bed, &c. 

Sc. Go to the school, the church. Sioticisms (1787) 95 ; Go to 
the bed ( A. W.). Inv. He goes to the school. Say the grace i^H.E.F.). 
Fif. It's a wearisome thing lyin' i' the bed, ROBERTSON Provost 
(1894) 71. Ayr. I got him lyin' in the bed, SERVICE Notandums 
(1890) 16. Edb. Sent my auldest laddie to the school, MOIR 
Mansie Wauch (1828) vii. n.Cy. (J.W.) Wm. Varra nice an 
handy fer oor laal Annie ta ride ta t'scheul on, Spec. Dial. (1885) 
pt. iii 38. w.Yks. (J.W.) 

3. Used before the names of diseases or illnesses. 

Sc. He has got the cold, the fever, Scoticisms (1787) 91 ; I've got 
the cold, Glasgow Herald (Apr. 3, 1899). Inv. The measles, the 
cold, the small-pox (H.E.F.). Ayr. Granin' to himsel' wi' what 
he ca'd the rheumatics, SERVICE Notandums (1890) 16. Ir. An old 
woman, suffering from the toothache, MACDONAGH Ir. Life (1898) 
333. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) 

4. Used before the names of sciences or branches of 

Sc. He has studied every part of natural history except the 
botany, Scoticisms (1787) 90. Bnff. Tlie Latin puzzles him a bit 
but he likes the countin' (W.C.). Abd., Per. Not now common, 
but in use. ' He's nae great scholar at the coonts [arithmetic] but 
he's getting on first rate at the Latin' (G.W.). 

5. Usfid before the names of commodities, in a general 

Sc. The sugar is cheaper, but the rum as dear as ever, Scoticisms 
(1787)90. Bnff. The sugar is cheap (W.C.). Abd., Per. In current 
use (G.W.). 

6. Used before the names of trades with a frequentative 
force implying the practice or learning of such, 

Sc. (A.W.) Lei. 1 She's teaching me tent-stitch and the lace 
mending. He put him to the boot-uppering, Introd. 23. War. 2 I'm 
teaching him th' paper-hanging. w.Som. 1 One o' my boys do work 
the dyein', an' tother's gwain to larn the pain tin'. 'Apprentices and 
improvers wanted to the millinery, to the dressmaking, to the 
currying,' Wellington Wkly. News (Feb. 3, 1887). 

7. Used before the names of the days, months, seasons, 
or years, esp. when speaking of any particular circum- 
stance connected therewith. 

Sc. He was born in the forty-five [in 1745^, Scoticisms (1787) 
87. w.Yks. T'Setterday, t'Sunday, &c. (J.T.) Rut. 1 Shr.i I wuz 
theer i' the June 'e died i' the Christmas, Introd. 49. 

8. Used before proper names. 

Cum. There was t'Enry, an' t'Ebe, an' t'Ant, an' t'Atlas, 
DICKINSON Cumbr. (ed. 1876) 68. w.Yks. Brough's a good bit 
abooveth' Hawes(F.P.T-); T'Hawes (J.W.); T'Skipton, t'Keigh- 
ley (J.T.). 

9. Used before the names of persons when qualified by 
an adjective. 

w.Som. 1 Almost always inserted redundantly when speaking of 
a person if described as poor, young, old, big, little, &c. 'Who 
do'd it ? ' ' Why 'twas the gurt Jim Baker.' ' The young Squire 
Jones is gwain to be a-married, idn 'er ? ' n.Dev. Nif tha young 
George Hosegood had a had tha, Exm. Scold. (1746) 1. 290. 

10. Used before ordinals when advb. 

Sc. (A.W.) Dur. Denham Tracts (ed. 1892) I. 76. w.Yks., 
Midi. (J.W.) Shr. 1 It's a pity as 'e adna done it at the first. Turn 
come in the second and Jack the third, Introd. 49. 

11. Used before the names of weights in a distributive 
sense instead of the indefinite article. 

Inv. How much the pound? (H.E.F.) Bnff. So much the pound 
(W.C.). Abd., Per. In common use. ' If the ounce of tea cost ad. 




liow much will the pound cost?' 'The peck of so an so is valued 
at so much ' (G.W.). 

12. Comb, with day, morn, night, &c. : this, ' to-.' See 
Day, Morn, &c. 

Sc. The morn ! what am I saying? the day I mean, STEVENSON 
Catriona (1893) xi ; I winna be married the year, Patie's Wedding 
OAM.). Cal. 1 , Inv. (H.E.F.) Abd. We'll gie the sheep a rip o' 
corn The day and, ablins, gin the morn, They'll a' win forth to 
shift, BEATTIE Parings (1801) 35, ed. 1873. Frf. It's my last words 
to you the nicht, BARRIE Minister (1891) viii. Per. We're here 
the day and there the morn, Tammas, IAN MACLAREN Brier Bush 
(1895) 42. Ayr. Before ye gang to the kirk the morn, HUNTER 
Studies (1870) 132. Lnk. A bit dander up the glen the nicht, 
FRASEK Whaiips (1895) viii. Bwk. A spate the day, and loom the 
morn, HENDERSON Pop. Rhymes (1856) 18. Slk. "fhe achings and 
the stitches hae been sair on me the year, HOGG Tales (1838) 18, 
ed. 1866. Gall. Ye stand the day. Ye shall be scattered the 
morn, CROCKETT Moss-Hags (1895) xlv. Wgt. I'll tae the kyrke 
the nicht! FRASER Wigtown (1877) aio. n.Ir. I'll banish the 
charm the morrow, Lays and Leg. (1884) la ; N.I. 1 Will you go 
the day, or the morrow ? Own. The-day or the-morra, what luck'll 
fly hither, SAVAGE- ARMSTRONG Ballads (1901) 150. Don. Ye 
wrought hard in the fiel' the day, Pearson's Mag. (May 1900) 476. 
Cav. (M.S.M.), N.Cy.' (s.v. Day). Nhb. 1 The-day, the-morn. the- 
neet. e.Dur. 1 Der. What ha' gotten tha morn, Dick ? OUIDA 
Puck (ed. 1901) ii. Hrf." ; Hrf. 2 T'year [lately, or this year], 
t'week, t'day. ' Hrt The night, CUSSANS Hist. Hrt. (1879-1881) 
III. Cashio 321. [Amer. The year, Dial. Notes (1896) I. 394.] 

13. Comb, (i) The ben, in an inner apartment of a house ; 
(a) both, both ; (3) butt, in an outer apartment of 
a house ; (4) forth or furth, out of doors ; abroad ; (5) 
piece, apiece, each ; (6) self, itself. 

(i) Abd. But for her we had been bare the-ben, Ross Hetenore 
(1768) 54, ed. i8ia. (a) Myo. Here is the both of them, STOKER 
Snake'sPass (1891} i. s.Chs. 62. Shr. 1 I'll tak the both, Gram. 
Oufl. 46. War. 2 I'll buy the both. w.Som. It is most common to 
place the article before ' both ' when used alone: ee teokdliu boo-udh. 
This form is used habitually even by better educated people, 
ELWORTHY Gram. (1877) a6. Dev. (F.H.), Cor. (.F.R.C.) (3) 
Edb. In case the judge will not permit That you come ben, bide 
still the butt, PENNECUIK Wks. (1815) 400. (4) Sc. GAM.I Abd. 
Secin' that neen o' the creaturs wasna restin the furth, ALEXANDEK 
Johnny Gibb (1871) xl. (5) Sc. We have gained five shillings the 
piece, Scolicisms (1787) 89. ne.Sc. Mary an' Nelly hae five an' 
eleven littlens the piece, GRANT Keckletoii, 98. Inv. Sixpence the 
piece (H.E.F.). Frf. I hae tippence, I'll gie ye a penny the piece, 
MACKENZIE A'. Pint (1897) 30. Ayr. A rest for twa three minutes 
and a bucket the piece wad be acceptable, HUNTER Studies (1870) 
143. Lnk. A nate sixpence worth that's a taste to the piece o' us, 
MURDOCH Readings (1895) I. 71. (6) e.Cy. (HALL.) e.An. 1 The 
child will cut theself, if you do not take away the knife. 

14. Phr. (i) the one of us, &c., with a neg. v. : neither of 
us, &c. ; (2) what's the clock ? what o'clock is it ? 

(i) I.Ma. The one of us hadn a thing on our head, BROWN Yarns 
(1881) 47, ed. 1889. (2) Inv. (H.E.F.) 

15. Omitted esp. before anything to which attention is 
called, or after certain prep, to denote a locality which it is 
unnecessary to further distinguish. 

Ayr. Brews gude ale at shore o' Bucky, BURNS Lady Onlie, 
St. i. Cum. Eh, but dog was a fair skeleton hissel' when he was 
found, Cornh. Mag. (Oct. 1890) 390. Win. I buckled Galloway 
into tliecart, Hvrron Dial. Storth and Arnside(i-j6o) 1.75. e,Yks.' 
5. s. Chs ' ' Pon wunna stond theer.' It may always be omitted 
before ' same.' ' Tha't gooin same road as thy fayther,' 54. Midi. 
We'll hang up th 1 door at fur end o' the shop, GEO. ELIOT A. Bede 
(18591 i. Let. 1 Look at neck! Whoy, it's all beer [bare]. Very 
generally omitted after ' at,' 'on,' or ' under,' In/rod. 33. Wr. a 
Sometimes omitted, for emphasis, as ' Look at crows,' i.e. the vast 
number of crows. Brits ' Omitted in cases where there can be no 
doubt as to what place, &c. may be referred to. ' Hast a-bin to 
verm this marnin'?' 'A zed as a'd be at crass-ro-ads,' 5. Hmp. 1 
Be'est a gwine to vyer [fair] ? You'd best call at house. He was 
up agin stable, Introd. 6. Som. He walked up street so big as a 
house, an' corned in barton so straight as a arrow, RAYMOND 
Love and Quid Life ( 1894) 109; He's to howse ^W.F.R.). w.Som. 1 
Often omitted Before 'same.' ' 'Tis same's I always told 'ee.' In 
the phr. 'to doors," 'to shop,' 'to road,' ' in house," 'to hill,' 'to 
harbour,' ' to pound,' ' to load,' &c. Before names of public- houses 
or places. In phr. 'up in town." 'in to King's Arms,' 'to fair." 
' I'll be to Half-moon to vower o'clock.' Dev. Us went up to 

cemetery. He can't put his feet to ground. Reports Provinc. 
(1883) 90. 

16. adv. Used before adj., gen. with an inversion of the 
verb and subject to give special stress : very, so, how. 

I.Ma. The sick I am (S.M.); Howavar the happy you'll be, it's 
well to remember Him, BROWN Witch (1889') 61 ; In Kings it's 
tellin, ould David's son, the wise he was, ib. Doctor (,1887) 8; 
That's the man that was the clever, ib. 8. 

THE, see Thee, pers. pron., Thy. 

THEA, THEABES, see Thae, Thou, Thapes. 

THEAD, sb. Lei. 1 e.An. 1 Also in form fead e.An. 1 

Bsld.] A wicker strainer placed in the mash-tub over the 
ole in the bottom, that the wort may run off clear. Also 
called Batwell (q.v.). 

[Thede, bruarys instrument, qua/us vel calus (Prompt.).] 
THEAE, THEAF, see Thae, Though. 
THEAK, v. 1 and sb. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. Yks. 
Lan. Lin. Nhp. Also written theek Sc. (!AM.) N.Cy. 1 
Nhb. 1 Dur. 1 w.Dur. 1 Cum.' Wm. n.Yks. 3 Nhp. 2 ; and in 
forms teck S. & Ork. 1 ; tek Or.I. ; theck Sc. S. & Ork. 1 
Wm. w.Yks. 2 ne.Lan. 1 Lin. 1 ; theeak n.Yks. 24 ne.Yks. 1 
e.Yks. 1 ; theick Bch.; theik Sc. (JAM.) w.Yks. 5 ; thek 
Or.I. ; theyk w.Yks. ; thick Lnk. Edb. [bik ; bek.l 

1. v. To thatch. Cf. thack, v. 1 

Sc. Wi' ae lock o' his gowden hair We'll theek our nest when 
it grows bare, SCOTT Minstrelsy (1803) II. 360, ed. 1848. Or.I. 
(S.A.S.) Abd. Item, for thecking the grammar school withheddcr, 
TURREFF Gleanings (1859) 8. Flf. Their house . . . Snug theakit 
o'er wi' rushes, DOUGLAS Poems (1806) 90. Ayr. A' the vittel in 
the yard, An' theekit right, BURNS Ep. to J. Lapraik (Sept. 13, 
1785) St. 7. Lnk. The roof to thick . . . cam' Robin Hill, Wi' lang 
wheat strae, M'!NDOE Poems (1805) 65. e.Lth. We had the stuff 
a" into the yaird an' the stacks theekit, HUNTER /. Inwick (1895) 
13. Edb. Neatly thicket o'er wi' lead, CRAWFORD Poems (1798) 6. 
Dmf. The Laird had several Bee Skeps to theek, PATON Casilebraes 
(1898) 19. N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , Dur.', w.Dor.' Cntn. A weel theek ed 
house and bit of a stye, ANDERSON Ballads (ed. 1815) 85; Com. 1 
Wm. The strea theck'd cottage, HUTTON Bran New Work (1785) 
1.45. n.Yks.">,ne.Yks., e.Yks. ', m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 12 ; w.Yks.* 
Theiking t'hynder-end o't' laithe time it wor theiked tu. Nhp. 2 
(s.v. Thack). 

Hence (i) Theaker, sb. a thatcher ; (2) Theaking. sb. 
thatch, thatching ; Jig. roof; (3) Theaking-band, sb. a tie 
or band of twisted straw used in thatching ; (j) -prod, sb. 
a rod or stick sharpened at one end and used in thatching 
for securing the 'tneaking bands.' 

(i) Cai. 1 Frf. A theekerfell aff a hay-soo he was workin' at, 
WILLOCK Rosetty Ends (1886, 67, ed. 1889. Ayr. Robin Rigging 
the theeker, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 133. N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 
Thous ower bissey tiggen on woh Jeromy Grame the theakerlad, 
BKWICK Tyneside Tales (1850) 12. Dur. 1 Cam. Young Filly's 
dung owre the lang stee, An''d peer Andrew the Theeker, 
GILPIN Sngs. (1866) 356. n.Yks.' ", ne.Yks.i, e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 
w.Yks. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (P.) n.Ltn.' Obs. (2) Sc. A fire- 
side, and theeking ower our heads, SCOTT Old Mortality (1816) vi. 
Frf. 'Neath the theekin' o' the ruif, REID Heatherland ,1894) 121. 
Slk. Noo Mr. Awmrose has gotten him out o' the theekin, CHR. 
NORTH Nodes (ed. 1856) II. 56. n.Yks. 12 , e.Yks. 1 , Lin.' (a, 4) 
n.Yks. (s.v. Thack). 

2. Fig. To coyer ; to clothe ; to protect. 

Sc. Theekit wi' hair, DONALD Poems (1867) aa. Bch. Well 
theicket in Achilles' graith, FORBES Ulysses (1785) 37. w.Sc. 
Theeking the perishing innocents with leaves, CARRICK Laird of 
Logan (1835) 375. se.Sc. To theak the caldrif wizend hide O' ilk 
poor creature, DONALDSON Poems (1809) 5 a - Gall. A pump 
theekit frae the frost, CROCKETT Cleg Kelly (1896) 383. N.Cy. 1 
A ' theaking snow' quietly but continuously falling, so as to cover 
thickly everything, as thatch does a house. n.Yks. 2 'You mun 
theeak weel this caud weather,' put on extra clothing. ' A well 
theeak'd back,' as that of a person thickly clad, or very fleshy. 

Hence Thecking or Theeking, sb. clothing, covering to 
the body, &c. 

Ayr. Though ance she had a guid theekin' to her banes, she 
grew shilpit as she grew auld, SERVICE Notandums (1890) no. 
Slk. Bread . . . and theeking for the back, HOGG Tales (1838) 
405, ed. 1866. n.Yks. 2 

3. sb. Thatch, thatching ; grass, straw, &c., cut for 

Sh.I. Shu tried ta shak' da bits o' teci an' moss oot o' Bawby's 




hair, Sh. News (July ay, 1899) ; S. & Ork. 1 Cai. 1 Frf Owre it's 
braw theek rase the cry o' despair, REID Heatherland (1894) latt. 
N Cy ' Nhb The riggan o' the barn had broke, The theak had 
fa'en in, PROUDLOCK Borderland Muse (1896; 69; Nhb.i Cum., 
Wm. NICOLSON (1677) Trans. R. Lit. Soc. (1868) IX. n.Yks." 4 , 
ne Yks. 1 , e.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. (J.J.B.\ w.Yks. 2 , ne.Lan. 1 (s.v. Thack). 
4. Comp. (i) Theak -band, a tie or rope of twisted straw 
or tarred band used in thatching; (2) -brod, a rod or stick 
sharpened at one end and used in thatching for securing 
the ' theak-bands ' ; (3) -leisher, fig. a comb for the hair ; 

(ifTYW* (2) w.Yks.* (s.v. Thack-brod). (3) w.Yks. A 
horn comb (vulgarly called a theik-leisher), Yksman. (Aug. 9, 
1879^ 88. (4) n.Yks. 14 , ne.Yks. 1 

5 Heather brought to the farm-yard as litter for cattle. 
S. & Ork. 1 . , 

(QN.pekja, OE.fieccan, to cover, thatch (VIGFUSSON).J 
THEAK,i;. 2 Not, [bik.] To smart, sting. 
s.Not. Did it theak, when 'e whipped yer? (J.P.K.) 
Hence Theaker, sb. a smart, stinging blow. 
'E did gi' me a theaker (ib.). 

THEAL(E, sb. Obs. Lei. War. A board, plank, joist. 
Lei. (K.) ; (HALL.); Trans. Phil. Soc. (1858) 174. War. Pd. 
for two theales for the Church gates. Old Deed, Soulham (1609). 
[OE. /<?/,///, a plank (SWEET).] 
THEAM, THEAR, see They, Thir, V. 
THE AS AMY, cfem. pron. and dem. adj. Wil. Som. 
Also written theeazamy Som. [tSia'zami.] These. See 

Wil. 1 About Malmesbury (and elsewhere in N. Wilts.) (s.v. 
Pronouns). Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825) 115; 
SWEETMAN tVincanton Gl. (1885). 

THEASE, dem. pron. and dem. adj. Hrf. Glo. Wil. Dor. 
Som. Dev. Cor. Also written theas Som. ; thees Wil. 
Dev.; these Hrf. 12 Glo. 1 ; and in forms deos Dor. 1 ; theaze 
Som. ; theeuz n.Wil. ; theeze Cor. [tSIz, tSiaz.] This ; 
used of objects having a definite shape ; hie. See He. 

Hrf. 12 Glo. I can do et thease time, BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn 
(1890) ii ; Glo. 1 Wil. Let's knaa thease very day, SLOW Rhymes 
(1889) 49; Wil. 1 (s.v. Pronouns). n.Wil. What be gwain to do 
wi' theeuz? (E.H-.G.) Dor. The demonstrative pronouns for the 
personal class [i.e. of formed individual things, as, a man, a tree, a 
tool are ' thease ' and ' thik,' and of the impersonal class ' this ' and 
' that.' We say, 'Thease tree by this water,' BARNES Sng. Sol. 
(1859) Notes, iii; ib. Gl. (1863) 21 ; Dor. 1 I da look All down deos 
hangen on the brook, 101. Som. Look in any time you do come 
theas way, RAYMOND Love and Quiet Life (1894) 47 ; JENNINGS 
DiaI.wEng.(iB6g). w.Som. When ' dhis ' or 'dhee-uz,' 'dhik' 
or 'dhaat' are used alone, the distinction between the kind of 
thing referred to is still carefully maintained. Of a knife it would 
be said 'Dhee-uz' or ' dhik-e-z muyn.' . . But of a quantity of 
hay or corn, or any substance of undefined shape, it would be said 
' dhiish yuur-z ' or ' dhaat dhae'ur-z yoa'urz.' But when the noun, 
whatever be its quality or number, has been already mentioned, or 
is to be named in the same sentence, it is referred to by the neuter 
or indefinite form of the demonstrative 'dhaat, dhis, 'and not 'dhik, 
dhee-uz.' Ue-z au-s ez dhaat ? Ezdhaat dhae-ur yoa-ur chul-urn ? 
ELWOKTHY Gram. (1877) 32. Dev. Not in thees parish, Longman's 
Mag. (June 1901) 145. Cor. Theeze Rabbart 'es a rimer, I>ANIEL 
Mary Anne's Christening, 6. 

Hence (i) thease here (here, phr. this, this one; (2) 
Theaseyerimy, dem. adj. this; (3) Theesum, dem. pron., 
see (i). 

(i) w.Som. 1 Twaud-n dhik' dhae'ur, aay tuul'ee, twuz dhee-uz 
yuur [It was not that I tell you, it was this], (a) Glo. Un arl 
theaseyerimy tork a bin putt inta books, Cheltenham Exam. (Feb 
is, 1896) 8. (3^ Wil. SLOW Gl. (1892). 
THEASEM, see Theasum. 

THEASUM, dem. pron. and dem. adj. Glo. Hmp. Wil 
Dor. Som. Also written theesum Hmp. 1 Wil. 1 ; theseum 
Wil.; and in forms theasem ; theeazam Som. 
theesem Wil ; theezam Som. ; thesem Glo. 1 ; thesum 
Wil. Som. [oTzam, tSia'zsm.J 1. These. Cf. theseun. 
Glo. Jest 'ee heft one o' tlieasum, BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourt 
(1890) 197; Glo. 1 , Hmp. 1 Wil. SLOW Gl. (1892*1; BRITTON 
Beauties (1825) ; SLOW Rhymes ',1889) Gl. n.Wil. What be us to 
do wi' theesum ? (E.H.G.1 Dor. The kiare that I've a took Al 
tlieasum years, YOUNG Rabin Hill (1867) 2; In theasem gam 

>ols, BARNES Poems (1879) 74. Som. (HALL.); (W.F.R.) ; 

ENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). 

2. Phr. tlieasum here, these. 
Glo. 1 Hmp. 1 Theesum here things. Wil. 1 (s.v. Pronouns). 

.Wil. What are theseum here? Monthly Mag. (1814) II. 114. 
Som. You'll smile at theeazam here veo lains, JENNINGS Obs. Dial. 
v.Eng. (1825) 126. 
THEAT, s*. Sc. Also written theet Se. QAM.) Abd. ; 

hete Abd. (JAM.) Per. ; and in forms thait w.Sc. ; thet 
Sc. [bit.] 1. A rope, chain, or trace by which a horse, 
&c., draws a plough, &c. Gen. in //. 
Sc. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). Abd. He hed latt'n im oot 

mon"s han's i' the tfteets, ALEXANDER Johnny Gibo (i%ii) xv. 

er. Away the wheelless carriage flew As if the thetes the furies 
drew, SPENCE Poems (1898)92. w.Sc. Crack gaed the thaits; 
and the swingletrees flew ower the craft in splinters, CARRICK 
Laird of Logan (1835) 163. Fif. COLVILLE Vernacular (1899) 15. 
Slg. A muckle cairt horse . . . was yok'd till't wi' rope theats, 

JDCHANAN Poems (1901) 146. 

2. Phr. out of theat, fig. (i) applied to any one out of 
raining from want of practice ; (2) out of order, out of 

all reason or bounds. Gen. in pi. 

(i) Abd. JAM., s.v. Thetis). (2) Sc. One is said to be quite put 
of thetes when one's conduct or language is quite disorderly, like 
that of a horse broken loose from its harness QAM.) ; ^Hence the 
ordinary expression in Scotland, 'Ye are out of theet,' i.e. ye are 
extravagant or in the wrong, RUDD. (ib.) Ayr. The puir sowls 
o' the guard . . . Some o' them loup oot o' the theats a'thegither, 
OCHILTREE Out of Shroud (1897) 160. Lnk. Mr. G B , and 
Mr. R L , . . had more influence upon that singular good man 
Mr. Peden to put his feet out of the theats than all the six and 
iwenty years tyranny of persecution he endured, WALKER Biog. 
Presbyt. (ed. 1827) I. 94. 

3. Fig. A liking or inclination for. 

Frf. The puir body no haein' muckle theat o' siller that was won 
in a way she didna ken o', WILLOCK Rosetty Ends (1886) no, ed. 
889. Per., CId. I hae nae thete o' that (JAM., s.v. Thetis). 

[The renis and the thetis, Quharwyth hys stedis jokkit 
war in thretis, DOUGLAS Eneados (1513) Iv. i34> ed - l8 74-l 

THEAT, adj. Or.I. n.Cy. Lakel. Yks. Lin. e.An. Also 
written theet n.Yks. 124 e.Yks. 1 ; and in forms thight 
S. & Ork. 1 Nrf. ; thite e.An. 1 Nrf. ; thyte Nrf. [bit.] 

1. Impervious to water, &c. ; close in texture ; not leaky, 
watertight or proof. Also usedyfg-. 

S. & Ork. 1 n.Cy. A barrel is theat, when it holds liquor without 
leaking (K.); N.Cy. 2 , Lakel. 2 ri.Yks. 1 Gif t'vessel beean't theet, 
t' waiter '11 wheeze; n.Yks. 24 e.Yks. 1 A theet roof. A theet 
cask. w.Yks. (R.H.H.) Lin. STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes 
(1884^371. e.An. 1 Nrf. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1787) ; Nrf. 1 

2. Tight, close, thick-set, applied esp. to crops, &c. 
e.An. As applied to the fitting of apparel. Nrf. Applied to a 

wood (A G.) ; Applied to turnips, or other crops; close, thick-set, 
GROSE (1790) Suppl. ; The happy pair [of reed-pheasants] fly about 
the ' thyte reed,' plucking reed-feathers, EMERSON Birds (ed. 1895) 
56; Nrf.i 

Hence Thightness, sb. of turnips or other crops: close- 
ness, the state of being thick-set. 

Nrf. There are men who are fully aware that the 'proof of 
their turnip-crop depends more on its thightness than on the size 
of the plant, MAR'SHALL Rur. Econ. (1787) I. 271. 

[Thyht, hool fro brekynge, not brokyn, integer (solidus, 
P.) (Prompt.). ON.bettr, tight, opp. to leaking (ViGFusson).] 

THEAUM, see Thumb. 

THEAVE, sb. In gen. dial, use in midl. and s.Eng. 
Also written theeve Der. ; and in forms thaive Hrt. ; 
thave w.Yks. 2 Chs. 18 Not. 1 Nhp. 1 se.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 Hrf. 1 
Oxf. 1 Bdf. [)>iv ; bev.] A young ewe sheep that has not 
yet borne a lamb. Also used fig. of a young woman. 
Cf. teg. 

w.Yks. 2 , Chs. 13 Midi. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1796) II. Der. 
ADDY Gl. (1888) ; Der.' A sheep of three years ; Der. 2 , Not. 1 s.Not. 
Just see how many o' them shearlings is thaves (J.P.K.). Lin. 1 
sw.Lin. 1 A female sheep in its second year, before it has had a Iamb. 
Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 A female sheep of the second year. War. 3 , w.Wor. 1 , 
s.Wor. 1 , se.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 A ewe sheep of the first year. Hrf. 1 A 
female sheep in the second year which has ceased to be a lamb and 
is not yet a ewe. Glo. 12 , Oxf. 1 MS. add. Brks. The mutton is 
exceptionally good, and included in this sale are 40 very choice 
ripe Sonthdown Theaves, Oxf. Times '(Dec. i, 1900) 2 ; Brks. 1 




Bdf. remale lamb i{ yr. old, or when sheared, BATCHELOR Anal 
t.g. Lang. (1809-) 145; (J.W.B.) Hrt The thir<] year we cg| j 

ewe a thaive, ELLIS Experiments (1750) 43. Suf.' Ess. RAY 
(1691); Ess.' w.Cy. Ewes that have been shorn once, MORTON 
Cyclo. Agnc. (1863). Wil.' A ewe of the third year. Dor > A 
sheep three years old and therefore having six incisors. 

[Item, at a nother tyme, uppon the same ground, iiij" 

Th THEAW M ; THEAYK, THEAZE, see Thumb ,, Take! 

THEBES, THEC(CA, see Thapes, Thic(k. 
CK, see Theak, v. 1 , Thic(k, Thick. 


THE(E,^. Obs. Sc. Lan. To thrive, prosper ; to grow. 

8>c. Let s drink, and rant and merry make, And he that spares 
ne er mote he thee, RITSON Sngs. (,794) II. 133 (J AM .) ; But 
weane la the fairy wicht That's tane my bairn frae me . . May he 

ne rr!p i Edb - M " S - (June l8 ' 9) sa7 ('*) Lan - ( K 
>&./>eon,J)ion, to flourish, prosper (SWEET).] 

THEE, sb. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Yks. Lan. Der 
Lin. Also in forms tee S. & Ork.' ; theeagh n.Yks. 2 ;' 
theegh Kcb. w.Yks. e.Lan.' s.Lan.'; theigh w.Yks. 1 ; 
theyeCum. 1 [bl.] A dial, form of 'thigh ' 
^ Sc. (G.W.), S. & Ork.' Per. I wade the ditches to the thees, 
SPENCE Poems (1898) 71. Feb. Stands wi' his untheeked thees 
Ltntoun 'Green (1685} i68,ed.i8i 7 . Gall.(A.W.) Kcb Histheeghs 
an hurdles was punsh't tae a jeely, TROTTER Gall Gossip (1901) 
443- N.I Nhb. His hands in his kwoat pockets, beayth thimpt 
owr his thees, BEWICK Tyneside Tales (1850) ,0. Dur > Cum ' 
n.Yks. 12 * w.Yks. Teea theegh kittles (F PT ) w ? Yks >'*' 
e.Lan.', s.Lan. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , n.Lin.' 

[I shalle toche now thi thee, Towneley Myst. (c. 14=50) 47 
OE.j>>eoA, thigh (SWEET).] 

THEE, pers.pron. and v. Sh.I. Nhb. Cum. Wm Yks 
Lan. Chs. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Lei. Wor. Shr. Hrf. s.WaL 
Glo. Oxf. Brks. Nrf. Sur. Hmp. I.W. Wil. Dor. Som. Dev. 
,? r .U J DlaL forms - MI) Dee, (2) Die, (3) T', ( 4 ) Ta, 
(5) Te, (6) Tee, (7) Teh, (8) Tey, (9) Th', (10) Tha, (n) 

EJfdS Th r e ' (I3) The y'j r J) Thi, (15) Thie, (16) Tho 
(17) Thur. [oi; unstressed $a.] 

(i) Sh.I. Gude guide dee, SPENCE Flk-Lore (1899) 343 (a} 
S&Ork.i (3) sXan. 1 T'. (4) Cum.' Fares ta weel (s.v Fares- 

2i *? J m Yks- ', I "' rod - 24 ' w ' Yks ' Sit ta dahn . PRESTON 
Poems (1864) 5. Not. What ails ta ? PRIOR Forest Fit. (1001) 6q 
(5) Cum. I send te thisan, Lonsdale Mag. (Feb. ,867) 309 s Lan' 
BAMFORD Dial. (1846). LeL 1 36. (6) Cum. Monie .. .Wad like 
ositwi tee and me, ANDERSON Ballads (1805)68; Cum.' s Lan ' 
Der.' Obs (7, 8) s.Lan.i (9) Nhb. How way hehaym wouth th'' 
BEWICK Tyneside Tales (1850) la. s.Lan. BAMFORD Dial. (1854) 
(ID) Cum. We'l mak tha fringes o' gold, DICKINSON Sng. Sol 
0859) vn. Wm. Spec. Dial. (1880) pt. ii. 4. n.Yks." ne^Yks. 1 
He sent tha, 23. e.Yks.i m.Yks.' Introd. 24. w Yks All i' 
trahm envyin' tha, CUDWORTH Dial. Sketches (,884) 6; WRIGHT 
Gram. Wndhll. (1893) 116. n.Lan. Off with tha, WILSON Bacca 
,," e j"z,^ I9 ? ] '' ne - Lan - 1 Lin - I clean forgot tha, TENNYSON 
U"iftoa (1889) Shr.' Gram. Outlines, 47. Dev. Tha uprite luv 
tha, BAIRD Sng.Sol. (1860) i. 4. Cor. I'll put tha in my Fayther's 
spiritual Court, HARRIS W/, fa l^eor(, 9OI ) no. (n) Nhb. ROBSON 
Sng. Sol. (1859) Notes. Cum." Get cot wid the', Jwohnny I tell 
the , be deun, 41. e.Yks. (R.S.) w.Yks.' I'll tell the aw, ii. 303. 
Lan. TIM BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. ,806) Gl. Glo. 1 Nrf Far the 
well GII.LETT Sng. Sol. (,86V Notes, 3. (13) w.Yks. Ah'll speik 
to then in a minnit, BANKS Wkfld. Wds. (1865). (13) m Yks ' 
Introd. 24. s.Chs.' Emph. 64. Shr.' Gram. Outlines, 47. (14) 
w.Yks. Ah 11 tak thi hooam, Keighlcy News (Mar. ,6, ,889) 7 col 
7- Lan. Si thi, Bess. BANKS Manch. Man (1876) i. s.Lan 1 ' 
s.Clis. 1 64. (15) Der.a Surrie, hie thie doo'not throotch. (16) 
Lan.', e.Lan. 1 s.Lan.' Here, get this into tho. (17) Dev I'll 
write thur, deer Jan, a banging girt letter, N. HOGG Poet. Lett 
(ed. 1865) 8. 

2 Contractions: (i) Thee'rt, thee art; (2) Thees, (a) see 
(i); (6) thee hast; (3) Thee'se, thee dost ; (4) Thee'st, (a) 
see (2 b) ; (b) thee hadst ; ( C) see (i) ; (5) Thee't, see i). 
(i) Cor. Behowld, thee'rt feer, Sag. Sol. (1859) i ,,- Thee'rt 
braave and bloody, Tom, TREGELLAS Tales, Tremuan, 8.' (a ,) 
Wor. Benow'sjrn. (Mar. ,7, 1888). (t) w.Som. Dhee-s u-broa-kt 
dhi- buur-ches, EI.WORTHY Gram. (1877) 40. (3) Wil Thee'se 
crawl and stretch, SLOW Rhymes (1889)36; Ta baig vrim thav 
thee se know caantspeer, ib.; Wil. 1 What's thee'sc want to knaw 

wha't ( thee'st r Tne nS cJjVfV Der ' "^ '' W Ihec ' st 1 fared ' and 

beaff. I W.i Dev. Wait till Ihee'sttried 8 ^ French 6 prison' 
NORWAY Parson Peter ( i 900) ,04. (6) Brks. 1 n.Dev I ort 
thee'st got et all by heart, ROCK Jim J Nell (,867) ,t 3 ' r) Wor 
Why theest as fussy as a thrush with her young uns. Berrow-sjrn 
( Mar - '7, i888\ (5) Midi. GEO. ELIOT A. Bede (1859) l7i 
'I. Dial. uses. 1. t>ers. iron., ace. 

- -.. r ,.,. f,,vn., HC.C.. sing. I ou. 

Nhb. How way hehaym wouth th', BEWICK Tyn^ide Tales (1850) 
ia. Cum. Tee, which is emphatic, and is somewhat limited locally 
is employed m place of the -you' of standard English, when 
intempt or familiarity are to be indicated (E.W P ) Wm Lile 
saaryisable waark et ennybody can git oot o tha. Spec'. Dial ( isSol 
pt. n. 4 n.Yks., ne.Yks.' 23. e.Yks. I bids thee get out' of my 
house, SIMMONS Lay-Flks. Mass-Bk. 399; e.Yks ' ra Yks' The 
forms of the and pers. sing., though naturally the expression of 
laminar leehng, is yet associated with contemptuous treatment on 
the part of a speaker, Introd. 34. w.Yks. Still extensively used 
but it is not so general now as it was twenty years ago, WRIGHT 
Gram Wndhll. (,892) ,18. s.Lan.' s.Chs.' Implies familiarity, 
or at least absence of constraint. . . Also adopted to express anger 
contempt, or strong emotion, 65, 66. nw.Der.' Not. What ails ta, 

..ft Rugge (1866) II. 63. swLin. 1 Used ... in familiar 
conversation. 'Thou likest to hearMr. C. read to thee' (s.v. Thou ) 
Lei.' 26. Glo. 1 he laws that govern the use of ' thee ' and ' ihou ' 
amongst agricultural workers are not to be violated. . . A co-mate 
or inferior is to be so addressed, but when they quarrel the 'thcu' 
and thee should not be dropped since that would be an admission 
the adversary's superiority, BUCKMAN Darkt's Sojourn (,890) 
in; Glo. 1 Used ... not only familiarly amongst friends but also 
:ontemptuously and in anger v s.v. Thou and thee). Oxf 'Thee ' is 
used by the boys to each other. Also in quarrels and very familiar 
conversation; but not before superiors (A.P.); Oxf.' It is con- 
sidered a liberty for a stranger to say thee ' to any one. Nrf 
Almost entirely disused, being only retained in some salutations! 
rar the well. 1 . . 'Sam' onto thee,' the constant response to the 
toast, 'Heres tye,' GILLETT Sng. Sol. (1860) Notes. 3. Hmp. 
Jlten used between near relations or old friends H.W.E ) Hmp' 
Very commonly used. a.V/il. Monthly Mag. (,814} II.,, 4. w Som. 
Most generally used by seniors to their juniors, by boys to each 
other, and by farmers to their servants or labourers. It is used to 
express anger, contempt, and also endearment, but it usually implies 
much familiarity, and would never except for intentional imperti- 
nence be used by an inferior; butitsformisalways'dhee' 'Thou' 
is never heard, ELWORTHY Grant. 1 1877) 35. n.Dev. Dim [theel 
is again rather more heard in North Devon than with us, ib. Cor 
1 get a twig, and drive thee out, HUNT Pop. Rom. w.Eng. (1865) 
57 ecl - 189* 

2. Used for the nom. sing. : thou, you. 
Chs a Thee noan? Midi. Thee't like thy dog Gyp, GEO. ELIOT 
A Bede (1859) I. ir. Stf. The Chronicle (Oct. 25, ,901). s.Stf. 
.. I.L.), Der. 1 Not. Thee can't dream, PR IO R Forest Fit. (,901) 
113. _ Lei.' Not common except in addressing children. ' Will 
thee av some, love ?' Introd. 25, 26. Wor. Thees no more brains 
aramaggit, Berrow'sjrn. (Mar. ,7, 1888). w.Wor. 1 Hrf 'Thou' 
is never used, but often thee ' is substituted for it. 'Thee hast ' 
(J.B.). s. Wai. Thee must have paid a lot for that, RAINE Garthouen 
(,900) 89. Glo. Thee bist a queer un, GISSING Vill. Hampden 
(1890) I. xi ; Glo.' Brks. Thee bist wunnerful cheerful, Phoebe, 
HAYDEN Thatched Collage (1903^ 9; Brks.' Sur. Thee do look 
abon a bit hot, BICKLEY Sur. Hills (1890) I. i. Hmp. Thee casn't 
cast thee (H.R.). s.Hmp. Thee beesta fool(J.B.P.). I.W' Wil 
If thee cant read, thee knows what a book is, gawney' EWING 
Jan Wmdmill (1876) v; Wil.' (s.v. Pronouns'. Dor. Thee've a- 
got a young chile to mind, HARE DinahKellow (1901) n. w.Som ' 
Dev. Ef thee dissent mend thee ways, SALMON Ballads (1809) 60 
e.Dev. Thee wast boarn o' thy mauther, PULMAN Sng. Sol. ( ,860) 
vin. 5. Cor. 1 hee doesn't deserve it, because thee aren't plavine 
fair, HUNT Pop. Rom. w.Eng. (.865) 58, ed. 1896. 
3. Used with an imper. 
Cum. Fares-te-weel, Watty, ANDERSON Ballads (18051 53 Cum.' 

wwj 1 j T ee1 ' Fares ta wee1 ' w ' Yks - Thee read ". LUCAS Stud. 
N,dderdale( C . ,882); (J.W.) Lan. See tha, Jim, DONALDSON 
Larnm toStng (,886) 5. s.Chs.' ' Dhey'is used with an imperative 
affirmative when emphasis is required and always precedes the 
verb : ' Thee mind thy own business.' With an imperative negative 
[dhaaj may also be used, but is less strong than [dhey]. ' Dii)nQ 
dhaa goa- dheeur' is not so strong as ' Oil nu dhey goa- dheeur,' 
but stronger than ' Dii)nu goa- dheeur, '67. Wil.' Neverthee mind 
(s.v. Pronouns). 




4. Reflex. Thyself. 

Nhb. Thou can get thee on thee sister's slioun, BEWICK 
Tyneside Tales (1850) 13. w.Yks. Kum forod.lad, an sit Se dan, 
WRIGHT Gram. WndlM. (1892) 120. Lan. Sit tho deawn, WAUGH 
Tufts(ed. Milner) II. 7. s.Chs. 1 Get thee dressed, 69. Not. Thee 
can't dream to hurt thee after ' Jesus Christ's sake, Amen,' PRIOR 
Forest Fit. (1901) 113. 

5. Used for the //. nom. and ace. : you. 

Lan. Thee men are a' alike, Pall Mall Mag. (Sept. 1901) 123; 
Thee men when thee gets together at th' beer-house, ANTKOBUS 
Wildersmoor (1900 216. Brks. 1 6. 

6. Phr. thee by thou is a quaker's son, prov. Hrf. (Coll. 

[On the disjunctive use of 'thee' see the Grammar.] 

7. v. In phr. to thee and thou, to address in the and pers. 
sing. ; to talk familiarly with. See Thou, 5. 

w.Yks. (J.W.) Lan. Familiarly he ' thee d ' and thou'd ' the 
men, And cheekily they ' thee'd ' and ' thou'd ' again, DOHERTV A'. 
Barlow (1884) 28. Oxf. 1 1 can't abar'n a thee-in an'thou-in about. 
Wil. 1 ' He thee'd and thou'd us,' said of a clergyman who was 
very familiar with his flock. A man complained of the way in 
which his neighbours had been abusing him, the climax of it all 
being reached when they began to ' thee and thou ' him. 

THEE, see Thae, Thy. 

THEEA, THEEAF, see Thae, ThaYf. 


THEEDLE, sb. Obs. Knr. (JAM.) A stirring-rod for 
porridge, &c. See Thible, Thivel. 

THEEF, sb. Cai. 1 Also written thief. [f>If.] ]. An 
escape of wind, flatulence. 2. A stench ; a bad smell. 
Cf. feff, sb. 1 

[ON./f/r, a smell (VIGFUSSON).] 

THEEGH, THEEK, see Thee, sb., Theak, v. 1 

THEEL, sb. Sc. Also written theil (JAM.), [bil.] A 
stirring-rod for porridge, &c. See Thivel. 

Fif. A vigorous use of the porridge stick or ' thee],' COLVILLE 
Vernacular (1899) 41 ; (JAM., s.v. Theivil). 

THEENE, v. Obs. Wxf. 1 To close. See Tine, v? 

THEER, see There. 

TREE'S, pass. adj. Dev. fSiz.] Thy, your. Cf.thoo's. 

Robert Biles shall be thee's man, JANE LoiJsliip (1897) 40 ; I 
don't sense thee's talk, it>. Ever Mohim (1901) 44. 

'HEESEM, THEESEN, see Theasum, Theseun. 

THEEST, pers. pron. Cor. Also in form thees. Used 
for the nom. sing. : thee, thou. 

Theest must larn some traade or 'nuther, Longman's Mag. (Feb. 
l8 93> 375; Pick up, Bill Hosken, an' go thee'st home, LEE Paul 
Carah (1898) 32 ; Theest talk of sillin' sheers, thee hoogly zape ! 
DANIEL Budget. w.Cor. 'Thees must.' I have never heard it 
without 'must' (M.A.C.). 

THEESUM, THEET, see Theasum, Theat, sb., adj. 

THEETEN, v. n.Yks. 2 [brtan.] To tighten. Cf. theat, 
adj. Hence Theetening, sb. the cementing materials in 
a building. 

[Thyhtyn, or make thyht, integro, consolido, solido 

THEEVE, THEEVIL, see Theave, Thivel 

THEFNICUTE, see Fefnicute. 

THEFTUOUS, adj. Obs. or obsol. Sc. Thievish. 

Per. Winked at the theftuous outrages of those under their 
command, MONTEATH Dunblane (18351 20, ed. 1887. Gall. Like a 
theftuous schoolboy, CROCKETT Locliinvar (1897) 287 

Hence Theftuoasly, adv. by theft. 

Arg. He would hang a Cowal man for theftuously away taking 
a board of kipper salmon, MUNRO J. Splendid (1898) 50. 

[Was not the theftuous stealing away of the daughter 
the first ground wherupon all this great noise hath since 
proceeded ? KING JAMES I, to Bacon. Aug. 23 i6n (C D ) 1 

THEFTY, # n.Yks. 2 [b e -fti.] Thievish. 

THEG, see Thig. 

THEGGY, THEGIDDER, see ThicUt, Thegither 

THEGITHER, adv. Sc. Irel. n.Cy. Nhb. Also written 
the gither Gall.; and in forms thegether, thegidder Sc. 
[oagi'Sar, -ge'Oar.] Together. 

Sc. A' the time ye are thegither, SCOTT Midlothian (1818) xx 
Mry. When bairns we were a' douk'd thegither, HAY Lintie (1851) 
14. e.Sc. The t wa aye gang thegether, SETOUN R. Urquhart (1896) 

iv. Abd. Ca' a bit framie thegidder, ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (iS-j i) 
xvii. Per. A' wes juist doin' what a' could tae keep things thegither, 
IAN MACLAREN^}W Lang Syne (18951 10. Fif. Twa cronies link'd 
in love thegidder, TENNANT Pa/ii/ry (1827) n. Gall. Aye sin syne 
we liv'd the gither, LAUDERDALE Poems (1796) 7. N.I. 1 , n.Cy. 
(HALL.) Nhb. We've had three happy years thegither, 5. Tyncdale 
Stud. (1896) Robbie Armstrong; Nhb. 1 (s.v. The). 

'THEGLUM, THEIGH, see Metheslin, Thee, sb. 
THEIK, THEIM, see Theak, v. 1 , Tharm. 
THEIR, pass. pron. Var. dial, forms in Sc. Irel. Eng. 
and Amer. [tSea(r; unstressed tSa(r.] I. Dial, forms. 
(i) Aar, (2) Dere, (3) Dir, (4) Dyr, (5) Teear, (6) Teer, 
(7) Thaiire, (8) Thar, (9) Thear, (10) Theer, (n) Ther, 
(12) The're, (13) They, (14) Thir, (15) Thor, (16) Thur. 

(i) Wxf. 1 Aar gentrize ware bibbeen, 84. (2) Ken. 1 In/rod. 6. 
Sus. 1 8. (3) Sh.I. Dey micht get dir een apo" me, OLLASON 
Mareel (1901) 17. (4) S. & Oik. 1 Dyr ain. (5) s Lan. 1 (6) Lan. 
An' t'kine drop teer cauves, KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH Scarsdale (1860) 
II. 36. (7) n.Cy. (HALL.) (8) Shr. 1 It's thar fence. War. 2 
Introd. 15. (9) Sur. Look at thear hands, SON OF MARSHES On 
Sur. Hills (1891) 217. (10) Lan. Th' farmer's wife at the end 
theeryerd seed summat, HARLAND & WILKINSON Fill-Lore (1867) 
60. s.Lan. 1 'He's gooin' to theer heawse.' No rule can be laid 
down as to the distinctive use of 'theer' and 'ther' when used 
as possessive pronouns. Their use is entirely a matter of custom. 
Der. The childer'll be off theer yeads at the thowt, GILCIIRIST 
Milton (1902) 6. Dev. Theer mother's brother, PHILLPOTTS 
Striking Hours (1901) 50. (n) Wm. When they dra up ther 
cortan, WHEELER Dial. (1790; 113, ed. 1821. n.Yks. 3 m.Yks. 1 
'Dhu' unemph. In the case of this form and corresponding 
ones, r is added when a following word begins with a vowel, 
Introd. 25. w.Yks. WRIGHT Grant. Wndhll. 1,1892) 122. 8 Lan > 
They liv'n i' ther own heawse. s.Chs. 1 68. [Amer. Ther 
Sabbath-breakin' to spy out, LOWELL Biglow Papers (1848) 27.] 
(12) Nhb. The're fingers, BEWICK Tyneside Tales (1850) 13. (13) 
m.Yks. 1 Introd. 25. (14) n.Ir. But'll tell thir uncomfort, Lays and 
Leg. (1884) 83. Lin. Them or thir feythers, TENNYSON N. Farmer, 
New Style (1870) st. 13. (15) Nhb. Doon they gans on thor knees, 
PEASE Mark o' Deil (.1894) 30 ; Nhb. 1 (16) Lan. Help folk wi' thur 
sledges along, HARLAND Lyrics (1866) 246. 

II. Dial. use. In phr. oa their or their oa, all of them. 
Cum. (E.W.P.); Cum. 4 Denman was oa ther daddies (s.v. 

THEIR, see They. 

THEIRN, fo.'ss. pron. Stf. Lei. War. Shr. Hrf. Glo. 
Oxf. Brks. Mid. Ken. Sur. Sus. Hmp. Wil. Amer. Also 
in forms thaayrn Brks. 1 ; thairn Glo. 2 ; them Hrf. 2 Sur. 
Wil. [Sea-ran.] 1. Disjunctive use : theirs. Cf. hisn. 

Stf. The Chronicle (Aug. 23, igoiX s.Stf. If they thinkin' it's 
theirn, let em tak it, PINNOCK Blk. Cy. Ann. (1895^. Lei. 1 26. 
War. 2 'Whose cat's this?' 'Theirn next door'; War. 4 (s.v. 
Hisnl, s.War. 1 (s.v. Hisn), Shr. 1 49. Hrf. 2 Most on 'em be theirn. 
Glo. 2 15. s.Oxf. It's no business o' theirn, ROSEMARY Chi/terns 
(1895) 146. Brks.' 6. w.Mid. I finished my job, but they hadn't 
done theirn (W.P.M.). ne.Ken. (H.M.), Sus. 1 (s.v. Hisn). Hmp. 
(H.C.M.B.); Hmp. 1 Introd. 7. s.Hmp. So there were his'n, and 
her'n, and their'n ye see, VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) viii. Wil. SLOW 
Gl. (1892) ; Wil. 1 (s.v. Pronouns). [Amer. When other folks lost 
their'n from the boys, his'n always hung there like a bait to a 
hook. SAM SLICK. Clockmaker (1836) ist S. x.] 
2. Conjunctive use : their. 

Sur. Too proud to tell them name in Christian fashion, BICKLEY 
Sur. Hills (1890) II. vi. 

THEIRS, pass. pron. Suf. [Seaz.] Their house. 
(S.J.), (C.T.) 

THEIRSELVES, reflex, pron. In gen. dial, use in Sc. 
Irel. and Eng. Also in forms thaayrzelves Brks. 1 ; 
thairsel, thairsels Sc. ; tharselves Shr. 1 ; tharsilves 
Cor. ; theerselves Der. Dev. ; theezelves Brks. 1 ; their- 
sells Wm.; theirsels Sc. N.I. 1 n.Cy. Dur. w.Yks. 2 Lan. 1 
Chs. 1 nw.Der.' Not. 1 Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 War. 3 ; theirzels w.Som. 1 ; 
theirzulves n.Dev. ; thersel e.Lan. 1 ; ther sells Wm. ; 
thersels ne.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 ne.Lan. 1 sLan. 1 ; thirsel Sc. ; 
thirsells Nhb.; thirsels Sc. Uls. Lan.; thorsels Nhb. 1 
n.Yks 2 [Unstressed t$3(r)se-lvz, -se'lz.J Themselves. 
See Theirsenfs. 

Sc. 'Thair-sel' [is] used when the idea is collective: ' thair- 
the idea is se greate. ' Ye maun keip thyr be thair- 

i . . - 

sel, MURRAY Dial. (1873) 197 ; Folk'll hardly gang the length o' 




thirscl' wilhoot a train, WRIGHT Sc. Life (1897) 32. Frf. Gin 
they wad only reise theirsel's, REID llcatlurland ,1894^ 06. Lnk. 
Dae ye think for a mecnit that they are spendin' a shillin' the less 
on thirsel's, GORDON Pyotsliaw < 1885) 116. Edb. They were puir 
bodies theirscls, CAMPBELL Deilit Jack (1897) 155. Dmf. To keep 
theirsel's frae cauld, JOHNSTONE Poems (1820) 113. Kcb. The 
ministers is no fond o' 'caul kail het again ' theirsels, TROTTFR Gall. 
Gossip (1901) 7. N.I. 1 Uls. Amusin' thirsel's for a fortnicht, 
M C !LROY Craiglinnie (1900) 27. n.Cy. I.HALL.) Nhb. Ere they 
kent thirsells stricken aval Coquett/ate Sags. (1852) na; Nhb. 1 
(s.v. Sel). Dn>-. Liberty to please theirsel's, GUTHRIE Kitty Pagan 
(1900) 104. Wm. T'younger end, amang thersells, meead fun, 
Spec. Dial. (1880) pt. ii. 37; Folks leeve in caves ... by their 
sells, HUTTON Bran New Work (1785! 1. 196. n Yks. 2 ne.Yks.' 
24. m.Yks. 1 hitrod. 25. w.Yks. 1 Help their selles ; w.Yks. 2 
Lan. When misfortins are bad o' thir.-.els, HARLAND Lyrics 
(1866) 287; Lan. 1 , ne.Lan 1 , e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 Der. A 
bad lot; as lives for theerselves, OUIDA Puck (ed. 1901) v. 
nw.Der. 1 , Not. 1 s.Not. They've only theirselves to blame (J.P.K.). 
n Lin. They think they'll look big by inakin' theirselves look like 
our maisters, PEACOCK R. Skirlangh 1870) I. 275. Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 
Servants are often told 'to keep theirsels to theirsels.' War. 3 Sbr. 1 
Gram. Outlines, 48. Glo. They can't look after theirselves like 
me, GISSING Vitt. Hampden (1890) III. ii. Brks. 1 6, 7. Nrf. Men 
twistering theirselves into all mander o' forms, SPILLING Mol'y 
Miggs (1902) 87. w.Sus. The swearers by theirselves, GORDON 
ViU. and Dortor (1897 106. Dor. Let 'em please theirselves, 
FRANCIS Pastorals (1901) 40. w.Som. Dhai oa-n uurt dhae'urzuul-z 
or -zuul. ELWORTHY Gram. (1877) 42; w.Som. 1 Tidn same's off 
anybody could do it theirzels. Dev. Let 'em bide an' find men 
for theerselves, PHILLPOITS Sons of Morning (1900) an. n.Dev. 
AH of a minute the wuds stopped o' theii zulves, ZACK Dimstable 
Weir (1901) 25. Cor. They thinks tharsilves quait ansom, DANIEL 
Muse, 41. [All mostly sounded to be a-talkin to theirselves, 
DICKENS Bleak House (1853) xlvii.] 

THEIRSEN(S, refl. pron. Yks. Lan. Midi. Not Lin. 
Lei. War. Shr. Also in forms theersens n.Yks. Midi. ; 
thersensne. Yks. 1 e. Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. s.Lan. 1 ; theseln, 
thcsen s w.Yks.; thessen Lin. [Unstressed tSase'n(z.] 
Themselves. See Theirselves. 

Yks. They sud do it reight theirsens, TAYLOR Miss Miles (1890) 
xiii. n.Yks. Sum of them chaps at went thruf the whole thing 
fra the forend theersens, Why John (Coll. L.L.B.). ne Yks. 1 24, 
e.Yks 1 , m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 122; 
(C.E. F.) Lan. Hoo knows th' company would think theirsen too 
good fur her, ANTROBUS Wildersmoor (1901) 275. s.Lan. 1 Midi. 
Folks a fancyin' theersens, BARTRAM People of Clapton (1897) 37. 
Not. (L.C.M.); (J.H.B.); Not. 2 They took theirsens off. s.Not. 
(J.P.K.) Lin. Says to thessen naw doubt, TENNYSON A'. Farmer, 
Old Style (1864) st 14. n.Lin. 1 sw.Lin. 1 They do it within their- 
sens a deal (s v. Sen). Le!. 1 , War. 3 Shr. 1 Gram. Outlines, 48. 

THEIVEL. THEK(KA, THEKKY, see Thiyel,Thic(k. 

THEM, pers. pron., dent. pron. and dent. adj. Var. dial, 
forms and uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and Amer. [tSem, tSem, 
Seam ; unstressed tSam.] I. Dial, forms : (i) Dem, (2) 
Tern, (3) Thaim, (4) Thame, (5) Theem, (6) Thim, (7) Thum. 

(i) Sh.I. She dang dem i' da peerie grice pan, Sh. News (July 
30, 1898); S. &. Ork. 1 , Ken. (H.M.), Sus^S. (2) Cum. Wharmen 
feeds tern in at, Lonsdale Mag. (Feb. 1867) 310; Cum. 1 13)80. 
MURRAY Dial. (1873) 184. Cum. 1 , e.Lan. 1 (4) Cum. KELPH Misc. 
Poems (1847) 122. w.Yks. Ah'm noan o' thame 'At calls at t'time 
by t'clock, PRESTON Poems (1864) 5. (5) e.Lan. 1 (6) n.Ir. They 
ach had a toothful till help thim till wink, Lays and Leg. (1884) 
82. Nhb. She says te thim, ROBSON Bk. Ruth (1860) i. 20. 
m.Yks. 1 In/rod. 25. (7) Cor. Knack thum down, DANIEL Budget, 13. 

II. Dial. uses. 1. pers. pron. Providence, the Heavenly 
Powers ; freq. in phr. Them above. 

Per. It's juist a most terrible nicht, though nae doubt them 'at 
sent it kens best, CLELAND Inchbracken (1883) 9, ed. 1887 ; Them 
at sends a' things kens what's for our gude, ib. 75. Ir. Sure 'tis 
from far enough it's com', if 'twas the likes of Them sent it, BARLOW 
Martins Comp. (1896) 25. Cum. And whae, Torquatus, can be 
sworn 'At thame abuin 'ill grant To-mworn? RELPH Misc. Poems 
(1847) 122. s.Stf. There's times when you'd think the very words 
we speak was put into our lips by Them Above, MURRAY Church 
of Humanity (1901) 72. Ken. I don't want to presume to interfere 
with Them above, CARR Collage Flk. 1,1897)61. 

2. Used for the nom. ' they." 

e.Yks. 1 n.Lin.' Them is a thuskin' pair o' twins. LeL 1 Them 
be dal'd, 26. War. 2 Introd. 15. Brks. 1 

3. Used instead of ' their ' before participial constructions. 
Sc. fA. W.),n.Cy., w.Yks. Midi. (J.W.'l Sur. What's the use o' 

them growing turnips? HOSKYNS Talpa (1852*1 160, ed. 1857; Sur. 1 

4. Comp. Them-lane, by themselves, alone. See Lone, 
adv. 5. 

Abd. The lasses left them lane began to won'er, ANDERSON 
Poems (ed. 1826) 102. Gall. It shall never be said that M.irdrochat 
left twa weel-faured lassies them lane, CROCKETT Moss- flags 
(1895) xl. 

5. dent. pron. Those. 

Sc. As the antecedent of the relative. 'Thaim at dyd it,' 
MURRAY Dial. (1873) 184. Frf. Them as says there's no has me 
to fecht, BARRIE Minister (1891) iii. Slk. THOMSON Driimincldale 
(1901) 18. Uls. (M.B.-S.) n.Yks. Them's them (I.W.) ; n.Yks. 4 
ne.Yks. 1 Them's good uns. Them 'at wants onny may lead 'em 
for thersens. e.Yks. 1 Them's them. m.Yks. 1 Whether it's um 
or them there's no counting. Inlrod. 25. w.Yks. Demz vari gtiid, 
bad Sisz cz or 3 beta(r) [Those are very good, but these are 
better], WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. ,1892) 124; Them's um fer mah 
money (B.K. '; w.Yks. 3 n.Lan. Such as them enjoys thersells, 
WILSON Bacca Queen (icjoi\ 89. Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 69, Der. (J.B.\ 
nw.Der. 1 s.Not. I never thought to 'ear you say words like them 
(J.P.K.). Lei. 1 26. War. 2 In/rod. 15. Hrf. (R.M.E.), Hrf. 2 
Oxf. Them's the very ones I wants (G.O.); Oxf.' Them be um. 
Nrf. Them cats wor given me, SPILLING Molly Miggs (1902) 46. 
Sur. Them be my two children, JENNINGS Field Paths (1884) 39 ; 
Sur. 1 Sus. Yes, them are the broilers, WIGGIN Goose Girl (1902) 
33. Hmp. (H.C.M.B.) ; Hmp. 1 Them be'ant the ones we wanted. 
Dor. Them be the ways to chuck away good money, HARE As We 
Sow (1897) ii. Som. JENNINGS Din/. w.Eng. (18691. Cor. Them 
were times, I tell 'ce, HARRIS Whcal year (root) 8. [Amer. 
Them wasn't our only troubles LLOYD Chronic Loafer (1901) n.] 

6. Phr. them there, those, those ones. 

w.Yks., Lan. (J.W.), s.Chs. 1 70, Not. 1 , Lei. 1 , War. 3 Shr. 1 
Gram. Outlines, 50. Oxf. 1 MS. add. 

[On the disjunctive use of 'them' see the Grammar.] 

7. dem. adj. Those. 

Sc. I mind none of them things. Scoticisms (1787) 91 ; (A.W.) 
Ir. The back of me hand to thim blamed ould throopers, BARLOW 
Martin's Comp. (1896) 57. n.Ir. What's the meanin' o' them riles 
laid through the streets ? LYTTI.E Paddy McQuillan, ii. Qco. As 
good a chance, at any rate, as them villains, BARRINGTON Sketches 
(1830) I. ii. Nhb. Thame days the sarvin' lads was train'd to de 
yen's biddin, CHATT Poems (1866) 86; Nhb. 1 Cum. 4 Pref. 28. 
Win. En them days, GIBSON Leg. and Notes (1877) 68. ne.Yks. 1 
In order to give ' them ' a more demonstrative force, 'yonder' is 
frequently added, as 'them bo'ds yonder,' 26. e.Yks. 1 Them 
pigs, 6. m.Yks. 1 Inlrod. 22. w.Yks. ' Dem ' is the only word 
used for 'those,' WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 124. Lan. Some 
o thaim chaps. SCHOLES Tim Gamivattle (1857) 25. s Lan. 1 It wur 
them lads 'at made o th' row. Chs. 1 Der. She's partial to them 
things, Good Wds. (1881) 850. Not. 2 Give us them apples. Lin. 
Them words be i' Scriptur, TENNYSON Oivd Ron 1889). n.Lin. 1 
Fetch them plnates off o' th' pantry shelf. War. 2 ; War. 3 What 
are you a-doing among them apples ? se.Wor. 1 Them pigs don't 
get on much (s.v. They). Hrf. 2 Glo. Them white-feaced divils, 
GISSING Vill. Hampden (1890') I. i. e. An. 1 Whose are them books? 
Nrf. In them days, Cornh. Mag. (June 1900) 817. Ken. Them 
sands and lanes be nasty places for a young 'ooman, CARR Ann 
of Lord (1899) 30. Sur. How's them sort o' farmers to be put an 
end to! HOSKYNS Talpa (1853) 161, ed. 1857. Sus. None of them 
things for me, EGERTON Flk. and Ways (1884) 4. Hmp. 1 Did 'ee 
fetch them tools ? Dor. To carry them flowers, Longman's Mag. 
(Aug. 1902) 335. Som. Aunt Joshua did not care so very much 
about them pack-fellows, RAYMOND Tryphena ^1895) 67. Dev. 
Them little legs is drawcd up, BARING-GOULD Dartmoor Idylls 
(1896) 22. [Amer. See all them bees drownded in the honey ! 
Dial. Notes (1896) I. 376.] 

8. Phr. (i) them here, these; those ; (2) there, those, 
(i) War. 2 Introd. 15. [Amer. Them ar' 'cadamized roads, 

BRADLEY Virginia (1897) 138.] (2) w.Yks. Bern Ciar aplz kost 
tupms, WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 124. Der. If one may 
b'lieve them there pennies [penny stories], OUIDA Puck (ed. 
1901) ii. Not. Them there fower faces, PRIOR Renie (1895) 10. 
Nhp. 1 Who do them there sheep belong to ? War. 2 Gi'e me them 
therenails. Oxf. 1 Them thar uns, MS. add. Brks. 1 , Hnt.(T.P.F.>, 
e.An. 1 Cmb. 1 I'm sure them-there gals of ours must ha' gone 
cranky. Nrf. (E.M.) Suf. Goo you and git one of them there 
pies, FISON Merry Suf. (1899) 9. Sur. 1 Do you suppose he would 
sell one o' them there cottages ! JENNINGS Field Paths ( 1884 x 137. 

M 2 




Dor. Them there legs o' yourn should be pretty well stretched by 
now. FRANCIS Fiander's Widow (1901) pt. n. v. Som. The washen 
o' them-there broidery collars, RAYMOND Love and Quiet Life 
(1894) 9. 

THEM, see They. 

THEMMIN, dem, pron. and dem. adj. Glo. Wil. Also 
written themen Glo. 1 ; themmen Glo. 2 [Se'min, -an.] 
Those ; also in phr. themen there. See Mun, pron. 

Glo. 1 , Glo. 2 15. Wil. BRITTON Beauties (1825); Wil. 1 (s.v. 

THEMMY, dem. pron. and dem. adj. Wil. Som. Dev. 
[tSa'mmi.] Those. 

Wil. 1 About Malmesbury (and elsewhere in n.Wilts.) (s.v. Pro- 
nouns). Som. (HALO, e.Som. (G.S.) Dev. Themmy zalt-zellar 
things, FORD Postle Farm (1899) 114. 

THEMS, pass. adj. Dev. In phr. thems own selves, 

e.Dev. What the Force knows they keeps to thems own selves, 
JANE Ever Mohun (1901) 202. 

THEMSELVES, reflex, pron. Sc. Irel. Also in forms 
demsels Sh.I. ; thaimsel', thamesel(f, themsel(f Sc. (JAM. 
Suppl.) ; thimselves In 1. In phr. (i) at themselves, in 
the full possession of one's mental faculties ; in a state of 
mental composure; cf. at, VI. (n) ; (2) to come to them- 
selves, to perish, die. 

(i) Sc. Such as are at peace with God . . . will be in a very com- 
posed frame and at themselves in the height thereof, HUTCHESON on 
Job xviii. 4 (JAM., s.v. Himsell). (a", Sb.I. He [a raven] 's awa -> 
ta feast apo' da hjodens o' som' o' da sheep 'at cam' ta demsels 
last ook, S/(. News (Apr. 29, 1899) ; It was considered unlucky 
to speak of death or loss (J.S.). 

2. Used for the sing, himself, herself. 
Sc. Every ane for themsel (JAM. Suppl.}. 

3. Used as a nom. : they. 

n.Ir. Thimselves . . . Detarmin'd . . . till ransack the nation, 
Lays and Leg. (1884) 80. 

THEN, adv. Var. dial, forms and uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. I. Dial, forms: (i) Dan, (2) Dann, (3) Den, (4) 
Nan, (5) Tan, (6) Ten, (7) ? Tham, (8) Than, (9) Thin, (10) 

(i) Sh.I. Sh. News (Aug. 20, 1898). (2) S. & Ork. 1 (3) Sh.I. 
STEWART Tales (1892) 70. Ken. 1 Introd. 6. Sns. 1 8. (4) Ayr. 
Nows and nans, DOUGLAS Green Shutters (1901) 34. (5) w.Sc. 
CARRICK Laird of Logan (1835) 282. e.An. 1 Nrf. HO.LLOWAY. 
Ken. Now and tan a song, MASTERS Dick and Sal (c. 1821) St. 70. 
Hmp. 1 , Wil. 1 Som. JENNINGS Dial. w.Eng. (1869). (6) s.Lan. 1 
Obs., e.An. (HALL.\ Suf. 1 , Som. (W.F.R.) (7) Lan. So tham tell 
him tha's let ov a job, LAYCOCK Sngs. (1866) 43. (8) Sc. (JAM.), 
Cai. l Abd. Weel-a-wuns than, Jinsie, ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb 
(1871) iii. w.Sc. Nae wonder than you're like to gang dementit, 
CARRICK Laird of Logan (1835) 263. Kcb. But than, ye see, 
women's ay mair resoursfu nor men, TROTTER Gall. Gossip (1901) 
74. Cum. ' Varra weel than,' sez he, SARGISSON Joe Scoap (1881) 
176. Wm. Ivver sen than, BLEZARD Sngs. (1848) 17. e.An. 1 
(s.v. Tan). Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). (9) Ir. 
Ah, thin, may be ye an't fat, LEVER H. Lorr. (1839) vii. Nhb. 
Lie doon thin tel the morn, ROBSON Bk. Ruth (1860! iii. 13. 
Lin. Thin 'e coom'd to the parish, TENNYSON A^. Farmer, New Style 
(1870) st 8. Suf. 1 (10) Cor. 'Arreah! thon,' replied Mrs. 
Brown ; * that's the way the maggot do jump, es et \ ' FORFAR 
Wizard (1871) 8. 

II. Dial. uses. In phr. (i) by then, (a) by the time that ; 
see "By, prep. II. 14 (12) ; (b) obs., in an instant; (2) nows 
and thcns, now and then ; (3) then abouts, about that time ; 
(4) in or of days, in former times; some time ago; (5) 
was then, but now is now, circumstances have altered ; 
(6) with then, then, thereupon. 

(1,0) -n.Cy. By then I return, GROSE (1790) MS. add. (P.) 
Nhp. 1 It'll be done by then you return. Hnt. (T.P.F.) (A) Der. 1 
(a) w.Sc. Noos and tans I crackit my thooms like a whip, CARRICK 
Laird of Logan (1835) 282. Cai. 1 Ayr. Very convenient to 
adjourn nows and nans, DOUGLAS Green Shutters (1901) 34. Not. 
' Does ta say tha prayers ? ' ' Nows an' thens,' PRIOR Forest Flk. 
(1901) 113. s.Oxf. A game o' crickuts nows and thens, ROSEMARY 
Chilterns (1895) 113. (3) Cum. 14 n.Yks. He'll come then-abouts 
(I.W.) ; n.Yks. 2 e.Yks. 1 It was then or then aboots, MS. add. 
(T.H.) w.Yks. (J.W.), e.Lan. 1 , s-Lan. 1 s.Not. Itwor thenabouts 
as ah fust begun to tek particlar notice on "im (J.P.K.). (4) 
SU.I. Dat'll gie you a idee o' what da men guid troo dan i' days, 

Sh News (Dec. 9, 1899) ; Folks 'een wirna sae opened dan-a-days 
ta da evils o' dram-drinkin', J.H. Da Last Foy (1896) 4. n.Sc. 
(JAM.) Cai. The promenade, without which no marriage then a- 
days was a marriage, HORNE Countryside ( 1896) 26. Abd. They 
had a queer custom then o' days, MICHIE Deeside Tales (1872) 132. 
Oxf. 1 MS. add. (5) Sh.I. Dan wis dan, bit noo is noo, Sh. News 
(June 29, 1901). Abd. That's a' true, But then was then, my lad, 
and now is now, Ross Helenore (1768) 101, ed. 1812. (6) Gall. 
Whan naething mair fra it dis seep, Wi' than they move the 
shankie, MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824) 113, ed. 1876. 

THEN, conj. Sc. Yks. Lan. Lin.; also Dev. Also m 
forms den Sh.I. ; thin Dev. [Sen, tSan.] Than. 

Sc. (JAM.) ; Thou hast sent her love tokens More now then twoor 
three, JAMIESON Pop. Ballads (1806) 1. 12. Sh.I. Mairden I sudsay, 
STEWART Tales (1892) 8. n.Yks. They're neea happier then we 
wer, TWEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 43. e.Yks. 1 Jack can maw 
bether then Jim. w.Yks. 2 , e.Lan. 1 , n.Lin. 1 Dev. Thy luv es 
better thin wine, BAIRD Sng. Sol. (1860) i. a. 

THENDER, THENE, THENK, see Thonder, Thane, 

THENNUM, adv. Obs. or obsol. Suf. 1 In phr. by 
thennum, by that time. 

Dee yeow dew that there job, and by thennum I'll be woo ye 

THE NOW, see Now. 

THEOREM, sb. Dev. [>rram.] A theory. 
He'd got a theorem as the two Testaments didn't zactly go 'pen 
all fours each with t'other, PHILLPOTTS Striking Hours (1901) 243. 
THEPES, THER, see Thapes, Thar. 
THERE, adv. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. Also in forms dere Sh.I. Sus. ; thair Sc. (JAM.) ; 
theer Lan. Glo. ; ther Sc. ; thur Glo. Wil. 1 ; thure Glo. 
[t$e(r, tSia(r ; tS(r).] 1. In comb, (i) There-abouts, about, 
very nearly ; (2) -after, (a) after that ; (b) at that rate, in 
proportion ; (3) -again, an exclamation of surprise or 
assent ; (4) -along, there ; used to imply continuance of 
direction ; (5) -anent, (a) concerning that ; (b) thereupon ; 
(6) -away(s, (a) thereabouts ; those parts ; in that quarter 
or direction; (b) of time: thereabouts; (c) obs., that way, 
to that purpose ; (d) in phr. out of thereaway, from about 
that quarter; (7) ben, in an inner apartment; (8) 
but, in an outer apartment ; (9) -by, (a) near that place ; 
(b) see (6, b) ; (10) east, in the east ; towards the east ; 
(n) -fra or -from, thence ; (12) -in, at home, within doors ; 
(13) -out, (a) outside ; out of doors ; (b) out ; (14) -right, 
(a) on the spot, then and there ; used both of place and 
time; (b) a call to horses at plough : straightforward; (15) 
-till, (a) thither; (b) thereto; (c) in addition to; (16) 
with, with it. 

(i)Lln. 1 n.Lin. 1 Scotter's theareaboots two mile fra Messingham. 
(2, a) Sh.I. Derefter . . . Maekie gathered up da slumberin' Oliver 
in his airms, OLLASON Mareel (1901) 36. (b) I.W. SMITH Gl. in 
(HALL.). (3) Pern. (W.M.M.) (4) w.Som. 1 Dhai aewzez dhae-ur 
lau-ng bee au'l oa'm vauyd. (5, a) Abd. Thereanent, sir, I had 
a word o' a proposal to mak', MACDONALD Warlock (1882) xlix. 
Per. If in this life ye've lairdship sma', The less your fasherie 
thereanent, HALIBURTON Dunbar (1895) 57. Kcb. Mum Muncraig 
(1900) 47. (6) n.Cy. Border Gl. (Coll. L.L.B.) (6, a) Sc. The 
term is used indefinitely, when it is not meant to specify the 
particular spot (JAM.). e.Sc. He would belong thereawa? 
SETOUN R. Urquhart (1896) iii. Per. Brocht t'eyauld manse frae 
there-awa, CLELAND Inchbracken (1883) 227, ed. 1887. Gall. 
They maun 'a been awfu' teegers for fechtin' thereawa yince, 
Gallovidian (1901) III. 70. Lakel. 2 He was gaan lull a sial at 
Kendal er theer-away. n.Yks. They live thereaway (I.W.). 
w.Yks. 1 ne.Lan. 1 'Bat! bat! bear away, Here-away, there- 
away, Inta my hat.' Said by boys when a bat is flying about. 
Lin. ' I flung it down in that corner, and it's there aways. Nhp. ', 
I.W. 1 Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1835). (b) Sc. Swagger- 
ing about the country with dirk and pistol at my belt for five or 
six months, or thereaway, SCOTT Redg. (1824) xi. Sus. Half a 
hundred years agoo or dereaway, LOWER Tom Cladpole (1831) 3, 
ed. 1872. (c) Sc. Confirming the same by many mighty works 
in Scripture tending there away, GUTHRIE Trial (1775) al 
(JAM.), (rf) Sc. (JAM.) (7) Sc. (JAM.) ; He is well boden there 
benn Who will neither borrow nor lend, KELLY Prov. (1721) 150. 
Lnk. 'Tis ill brought, but that's no there ben, RAMSAY Poems (ed. 
1800) II. 525 (JAM.). (8) Sc. QAM.) (9, a) Yks. (C.C.R.) 
w.Som. 1 Nif I baint there, you'll vind me thereby ; I shan't on'y 




be in to Mrs. Ridlcr's to Crown. (6) Sc. He is thirty years old or 
thereby, MITCHELL Scotlin'sms (1799) 81. (10) Sc. Wherefore the 
Tables there east thought they should not conjoin but divided 
them in four, BAILLIE Lett. (1775) I. 164 (JAM.), (n) Sc. (JAM.) 
Abd. Carried there frae to his own lodging, SPALDING Hist. Sc. 
(1793) I. 53. w.Yks. 1 Glo. The missus and the vamily went 
right away thure-from, BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn (1890) 55. 
Dor. (C. W. ) w.Sora.' Tud-n neet ubeo- dree guun-shauts dhae'ur- 
vraum-. Dev. They took it therefrom, Reports Provinc. (1884). 
(ta) Slk. Bessy Chisholm Heh ! Are ye therin ? HOGG Perils of 
Man (i8aa) III. aoa (JAM.). (13, a) Sc. A hen that lays thereout 
should hae a white nest egg, HENDERSON Prov. (1833) 66, ed. 
1881 ; To lie thairout (JAM.). n.Sc. If ye'll work therein as we 
thereout Well borrowed should your body be, BUCHAN Ballads 
(1828) I. in, ed. 1875. Abd. It's black theroot, an' dingin' oot, 
wi' great thuds o' win, MACDONALD Warlock (i88a) xx. Frf. Rin ! 
Betty, rin an' look thereoot I REID Heatherland (1894) 47. Lnk. 
WATSON Poems (1853) 35. (A) Ayr. Like caller trout I'd gane 
thereout Wi' fresh an" ruddy cheek, AINSLIE Land of Burns (ed. 
1892) 333. (14, o) Olo. Er picked un up thurrite un went, 
Cheltenham Exam. (Feb. ia, 1896) 8 ; BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn 
(1890) 61. I.W. 1 Begin there-right ; I.W. 2 Pitch in there-right. 
w.Cy. (HALL.) Wil.' DalPd if I hadclen a mine to ha' gien he 
what-for thur-right, if "t hadden a bin fur the narration as they'd 
a made on't, 314. Dor. 1 w.Som. 1 I took-n pared-n down, there 
right. nw.Dev. 1 (A) Htnp. 1 , Wil. 1 (15, a) Sc. Cauld Carnousie 
stands on a hill, And many a fremitane gangs theretill, CHAMBERS 
Pop. Rhymes (ed. 1870) 268. (6) Sc. A shower of rain in July, 
when the corn begins to fill, Is worth a plough of owsen and a' 
belangs theretill, HENDERSON Prov. (1832) 129, ed. 1881. (t) Fit. 
Wi' angry bill, and wing theretill, TENNANT Papistry (1837) 63. 
(16) Glo. "Twill be better gwine thur-with, BUCKMAN Darke's 
Sojourn (1890) ua. 

2. Phr. (i) there and thereaways, approximately ; (2) - 
's, it is ; (3) now for you, an exclamation ; (4) or there- 
abouts, (a) see (i) ; (b) in the neighbourhood; (5) there's 
hot it is, how hot it is ; (6) there then haps, an exclamation 
of dismay; (7) you, an exclamation ; (8) to be there, to 
be master of one's wits ; to be equal to the occasion. 

(i) e.An. 1 Is the horse worth twenty pounds ? There and there- 
aways. (a) s.Wal. Well, indeed, there's missing you I'll be, Gethin, 
RAISE Garthowen (1900) 8 ; There's glad -they'll be to see you at 
Garthowen, (A. 9. (3) Ir. MACDONAGH Ir. 1/4(1898) 334. (4, a) 
Nhb. 1 n.Yks. Is t'well dry? It's there or thereabouts (I.W.). 
(A) Not. (J.H.B.) (5) Gmg., s.Pem. N. V Q. (1887) 7th S. iii. 129. 
(6) Ess. (C.D.) (7) s.Wal. I have done it, there you (J.Y.E.). 
(8) s.Not. He is a good scholar ; yer can't set 'im fast. Ax 'im 
out, an" 'e's there in u moment (J.P.K.). 
8. Used redundantly at the end of a sentence. 
n.Yks. When he wanted ti gan ti t'castle, there (I. W.). w.Yks. 
(J.W.) Der. 1 What dun ye CO him there ? 

THEREAST, adv. e.Yks. 1 Approximately in that 
place. MS. add. (T.H.) Cf. hereast. 

THERECKLY, adv. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Oxf. Ken. and 
Amer. Also written the-reckly Nhb. 1 ; and in forms 
thareckly e.Yks. 1 ; the-recklies Nhb. 1 ; therectly Ken.; 
therickly w.Yks. 5 ; threkly Oxf. 1 [Sare-kli.] 1. A cor- 
ruption of ' directly.' Cf. toreckly. 

Wgt. If ye see them [wraiths] at night, they're gaun tae dee 
thereckly, SAXON Gall. Gossip (1878) 175. Nhb. She'll be dry 
thereckly, HALDANE Geordy's Last(i8tf) 8 ; Nhb. 1 e.Yks. 1 When 
ya tell him ti deeah owt, he diz it thareckly, MS. add. (T.H.) 
w.Yks. 8 Therickly Sir, 53. Ken. (G.B.) [Amer. I ... put 'im 
in a good humor thereckly, Cent. Mag. (June tSSs) 190.] 
2. Phr. threkly minute, this instant, at once. Oxif. 1 MS. add. 
THEREFORE, adv. w.Cy. Som. Also in form there- 
vor. In phr. therefore I say it, that is my argument ; used 
as an int. w.Cy. (HA^L.) Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. 
w~Enff. (1825). 

THEREIMY, sb. Glo. [tSe'rirni.] An emphatic form 
of there ' when used subsl. after ' that.' See 1 hat, 5 (14). 
I've never troubled my yead about such things as that thereimy, 
BUCKMAN Darkes Sojourn (1890^ 180 ; Glo. 1 

THERENCE.orft;. Glo. I.W. w.Cy. Dor. Som. [tSe-rans.] 
Thence ; from that place. 

Glo. 1 I.W. 2 Come < ut o" therence, or else I'll be aater thee. 
w.Cy. (HAi.L.\ Dor. 1 Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. tv.Eng. (1835). 
THERLlE, THERM, see Thirl, adj., Tharm. 
THERN, THERSELS, see Theirn, Theirselves. 

THERSENS, THERT, see Theirsen(s, Thwart. 

THERTING, sb. Dor. [ba'tin.] A landmark or 
bearing for boats. 

w.Dor. To find a spot they take three bearings, offing, therting, 
and boat (C.V.G.). 

THERY.tfrfv. w.Som. 1 [cVri.] A dial, form of ' very.' 

Aay bee dhuuree zauree, bud aay kaa'n uulp oa' ut 

THESE, dem. pron. and dein. adj. Var. dial, forms and 
uses in Sc. and Eng. [ftlz, Siaz.] I. Dial, forms: (i) 
Dese, (2) Tese, (3) Thaise, (4) Thase, (5) Theas, (6) 
Thease, (7) Theeas, (8) Theease, (9) Theese, (10) Theose, 
(n) Theuse. 

(I) Ken." Introd. 6. (a) s.Lan. (3) Cor. They calth thaisc 
parleys pek-neks, you, DANIEL Budget, 35. (4) Oxf. (A.P.) (5) 
w.Yks. Tha niwer cums theas doors within, PRESTON Poems 
(1864) 8. (6) m.Yks. ! In/rod, aa. w.Yks. 1 e.Dev. PULMAN Sng. 
Sol. (1860) Notes, iii. (7) Cum. 14 w.Yks. O' one side bein' printed 
i' white letters theeas words, BINNS Originals (1889) 4. (6) n.Yks. 
TWEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes ( 1 875) 35. w.Yks. LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale 
(c. 1883) 384. (9) Lan. What, upon thcese cheears? BRIERLEY 
Layrock (1864) iii ; TIM BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. 1806) Gl. (.10) 
w.Yks. 1 ( 1 1) Cor." 

H. Dial. uses. 1. dem. -pron. Those. 

Sc. These, who were present, chose Agamemnon, Scoticisms 
(1787) 117. n.Yks. Theense was t'wods, TWEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes 
(1875) 41. w.Yks. (J.W.) 

2. Phr. these here, these. 

w.Yks. Dus ta laik Sisz i(r)? WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1893) 
134. s.Cbs. 1 70. Shr. 1 Kmpli. form, Gram. Outlines, 50. 

3. dem. adj. Those. 

Sc. Helen, the prettiest woman of these days, Scoticisms (1787) 
115; ' These regions,' distant counties. 'These ages,' the days 
of other times, Monthly Mag. (1800) 1. 339. Cum. 1 * (s.v. Thur. ) 
w.Yks. LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1883) 384. 

4. Phr. (i) these here, these ; (2) uns or ans, these 
ones, these ; (3) yerimy, see (i). 

(i) w.Yks., Midi. (J.W. ), Lei.' 26. War. 3 These 'ere boots are a 
misfit, Introd. 15. Brks. ' Theuz yer wuts be wuth double o' them 
ther, 7. Nrf. (E.M.) Ken. To understand these 'ere things, CARR 
Cottage Flk. (1897) 53. Som. It was one o' these here Tussores, 
RAYMOND Tryphena 11895) 34. w.Som. 1 Uez bee dheo-zh yuur 
bee-us ? [Whose be these here beasts !] Dhai'z yuur tae'udeez bee 
dim bas-soa-urtu-groa- [These (particular) potatoes be the best sort 
grown]. n.Dev. One of these here stillish days, CHANTER Witch 
(1896)4. (a) Cum.* Pnf. 28. Oxf. (A.P.) Brks. 1 Be the-uz uns 
thaay? 7. (3) Glo. I never 'ad no yead fur these-yerimy thengs, 
BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn 1,1890) iv. 

5. Used with//, nouns denoting time: for, for the space 
of. Cf. this, 6. 

Sc. (A.W.) Cor. She's dead an gone now theuse thirty eers, 
PENBERTHY Warp and Woof, 9. 

THESE, THESELN, THESEN(S, see Thease, Their- 

THESEUN, dem. pron. Hrf. Brks. Wil. Also in forms 
theesen Wil. 1 ; thesun Hrf. 2 ; the-uz-un Brks. 1 [tSia'zan, 
tSrzan.] These. Hrf. 12 , Brks. 1 , Wil. 1 (s.v. Pronouns). 
Cf. theasum. 

THESS, THESSEN, see Let, v.\ Theirsen(s. 

THESTREEN, adv. Sc. [tSastrrn.] Last night, 
yesterday evening. See Streen, adv., Yestreen. 

Abd. They war unco wersh thestreen, MACDONALD Warlock 
(1883) x. Kcd. A reamin' burn cam' rum'lin' doon Faur burn wis 
nane thestreen, GRANT Lays (1884) a. Lnk. I mind it as weel as 
I mind thestreen, Edb. Mag. (Dec. 1810) 503 (JAM.). Edb. As 
if he gat nae sleep thestreen, MACAULAY Poems (1788) 151. 

THESUM, THESUN, THET, see Theasum, Theseun, 
The at, sb. 

THETCH, sb. War. Wor. Oxf. Bck. Bdf. Hit. Wil. 
Dor. Som. Dev. Also in form thatch War. 8 Wor. Oxf. 
Bck. Hrt. w.Cy. Wil. 1 Dor. w.Som. 1 [bet/, bsetf; w.Cy. 
also tJetJ, tSat/.J 1. A dial form of vetch ' ; applied esp. 
to the common vetch, Vicia saliva; and the bush vetch, 
B. septum ; gen. in pi. Cf. thatch, 3. 

War. 8 s.Wor. A tidy lot o' thatches 'em be (H.K.). Oxf., Bck. 
(B. & H.) Bdf. (J.W.B.) Hrt. A Thetch will grow through 
The bottom of an old shoe, ELLIS Mod. Husb. (175) v - viii - 3 * a > 
in Fit- Lore Kec. (1880) 1 1 1. 35. w.Cy. ^B. & H ) WiUAIl vetches 
are known as ' Thetches ' or ' Thatches ' in Wilts, being Blue, 




' Yellow/ or ' Red ' Thetches according to the colour of the flower. 
Dor. (G.E.D.) Som. SWEETMAN Wincanton Gl. (1885). w.Som. 1 
Mr. Tristram 've a-zend word to zay he can spar-ee zo many 
thatches as you be a mind to. nw.Dev. 1 
2. Comp. Thetch-hay, dried vetches. Hrt. ELLIS Mod. 
Husb. (1750) I. i. 59. 3. The meadow pea, Lathyrus 
praiensis. Dor. (G.E.D.) 

THETE, THE-UZ-UN, see Theat, sb., Theseun. 

THEW, v. 1 Cor. 2 [Not known to our correspondents.] 
To threaten. 

THEW, v? Cum. [Not known to our other corre- 
spondents.] To tire. (J.S.O.) 

THEW, see Thaw. 

THE WED, adv. Obs. n.Cy. 'Towardly'; hopefully. 
(K.), N.Cy. 1 

THEWLESS, adj. Sc. Yks. [bivrlas.] Feeble, in- 
active. Also used advb. Cf. thowless. 

Abd. Like some puir dwinin' thewtess wicht Wi' death in view, 
MURRAY Hameviith (1900) 85. Gall. He was a quiet, thewless, 
pleasantly conforming man, CROCKETT Moss-Hags (1895) 1. 
n.Yks. 2 w.Yks. I seemed to stand thewless, SNOWDEN Web of 
Weaver ( 1 896) 72. 

THEY, pers. pron., detn. pron. and dem. adj. Var. dial, 
uses in Sc. and Eng. Also written thaay Brks. 1 ; thay 
Wil. Dev. ; theye Nhb. [$e, tSea ; unstressed oa.] 

I. Dial, forms. Contractions: (i) Tead'n, they had; 
(2) Tear'n, (a) they were ; (b) they were not ; (3) Teayd'n, 
they would; (4) Teyd'n,see (i) ; (5) Teyn, (a) they will ; 
(b) they have; (6) Tey'rn, they are; (7) Tha, see (5, b); (8) 
Thame, they are ; lit. they am; (9) Thave, see (5, b); (10) 
Thay'm, (n)Theam,see (8) ; (12) Thear, (13) Their, see (6) ; 
(14) Them, see (8) ; (15) Ther, see (6) ; (16) They'd'n, (a) 
see (3) ; (b) see (i) ; (17) They'm, see (8) ; (18) They'n, 
(a) see (5, b) ; (b) see (5, a) ; (c) see (2, a) ; (19) They'rn, 
(a) see (2, a) ; (b) see (6) ; (20) They's, (a) they shall ; (/;) 
they are ; lit. they is ; (21) Thid, (a) see (i) ; (b) see (3) ; 
(22) Thi'dd'n, see (i) ; (23) Thi'd'n, (a) see (3) ; (b) see 
(i) ; (24) Thi'n, (a) see (5, a) ; (b) see (5, b) ; (25) Thir, 
see (6) ; (26) Thirn, see (2, a) ; (27) Thor, see (6). 

(i) Lan. TIM BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. 1806) Gl. s.Lan. 1 (a, a) 
Lan. So I asht him what team far? TIM BOBBIN ib. ai. s.Lan. 1 
(4) Lan. I'd awlus a notion at tear'n no gonnorheeods,TiM BOBBIN 
ib. Reader, n. (3) s.Lan. 1 (4) Lan. TIM BOBBIN ib. 23. (5, a) 
Lan. Teyn mey no bawks o telling fok, TIM BOBBIN ib. Reader. 6. 
s.Lan. 1 (If) Lan. Teyn turned me eawt o' t'work-heause, KAY- 
SHUTTLEWORTH Scarsdale (1860) II. 285. s.Lan. 1 (6) Lan. 
Teyrn loike a faucon's, KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH ib. 33. (7) WU. 
Tha' ael got zwords, KITE Sng. Sol. (1860) iii. 8. (8) Wil. Thame 
on the brink, SLOW Rhymes (18891 90. s.Wil., Som., Dev. (E.H.G.) 
(9) n.Yks. Thave gitten t'Mell (W.H.). w.Yks.(J.W-) (io)Dev. 
If thay'm wulling, N. HOGG Poet. Lett. (ed. 1865) Introd. 1. 18. 
(n) Wil. If theam com yer ta buy, SLOW September Vair. (12) 
Sur. Thear gal's hands, SON OF MARSHES On Sur. Hills (1891) 217. 
(13) Nhb. Meynde what their o toakin about, BEWICK Tyneside 
Tales (1850) 13. (14) Ken. 12 (151 n.Yks. If ther bad, TWEDDELL 
Clevel. Rhymes (1875) 24. (16, a) Lan. They'd'n a foughten a lion 
apiece, WAUGH Heather (ed. Milner) I. 265 ; TIM BOBBIN ib. 
Reader, 8. s.Lan. 1 (b) Lan. TIM BOBBIN ib. s.Lan. 1 (17) Dev. 
They'm of a mind, pretty much, MORTIMER W. Moors (1895) 209. 
n.Dev. They'm different, CHANTER Witch (1896) 42. Cor. They'm 
all a-foot, I do b'lieve, PHILLPOTTS Prophets (1897) 93. (18, a) 
w.Yks. O think they'n good gin at Beggar'd Choild, BYWATER 
Gossips, 19. Lan. Iv they'n a table, LAYCOCK Sngs. (1866) 15. 
in. Lan. 1 . s.Lan. 1 (b) Lan. They'n be sure to ax me, WAUGH 
HeatherieA. Milner) 1.6. s.Lan. 1 (c] Chs. 1 (19, a) Lan. They'rn 
tellin, BRIERLEY Layrock (1864) iii; An they'rn o meterly greyte 
lott then, ORMEROD Felly fro' Rachde (1851) i. s.Lan. 1 (b) Lan. 
When they'rn brokken deawn, BRIERLEY Layrock (18641 iii; 
They'rn at wark, KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH Scarsdale (1860) II. 33. 
(ao, ai Sc. (JAM. Supply Cum. They's lig him in irons, ANDERSON 
Ballads (1805) 61 ; Money they's git neane, GILPIN Ballads 
(1874) 169. (b) Sc. (JAM. Suppl.) (21 a, b) s.Lan. 1 (22) Lan.i 
Thi'dd'n just getten a yure o' th' owd dog into 'em, WAUGH Life 
and Localities (1855) 28. (23, a) Lan. What thidn wear, SCHOLES 
Tim Gamwattle ( 1 8571 8. e. Lan. 1 , s.Lan.' (b) e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 (24) 
s.Lan. 1 (25) ne.Sc. Thir i' the Lord's han's, GREEN Gordonhaven 
(1887) 50. (26) Lan. Aw meyde sur ut thirn laffen, SCHOLES Tim 
Gamit'altle (1857) 4. (27) Nhb. Thor as like as two peas, PEASE 
Mark o' Deil (1894) 27; Nhb. 1 , w.Yks. (J-W.) 

II. Dial. uses. 1. Used instead of ' he ' or ' she ' when 
the speaker does not wish to make known the sex of the 
person spoken of. Sc. (W.A.C.), n.Cy., Yks. (J.W.) 

2. Used as an indef. pron. : one. 

Gall. (A.W.). w.Yks., Midi. (J.W.) s.Chs. 1 Excludes the speaker 
except when representing 'aunybody' [used previously in the sen- 
tence]. 'They sen 'at hal owd Fakener's jed in Ameriky,' 67; 
'Anny body mid see as they'd noo business theer,'/6. n.Lin. 1 When 
I fo'st got it thaay could n't tell what it was maade on fer dirt. 
w.Som. ' Dhai du zai.' ' Dhai bee gee'fien vaawur-n ziks vur 
baa-rlCe,' means that 4*. 6d. per bushel is the market price for 
barley, ELWORTHY Gram. (1877) 38; 'Dhai' . . . excludes the 
speaker, ib. 39; w.Som. 1 Anybody widn never believe it, nif 
they didn zee it (s.v. Indefinite Pronouns). 

3. Emphat. form of the ace. or dat. 

War. 3 Lave thay alooan. Be.Wor. 1 That's a no good tu thay, is 
it? Glo. I don't understand anything about they, GISSING Vill. 
Hampdfn (1890) I. iv. Brks. 1 Ess. I gave they to she (W.W.S.). 
Sur. It 'ud be a sight better if he kept they to hissen, BICKLEY 
Sur. Hills (1890) I. i. Sur., Hmp. She's uncommon fond o' they, 
N. &* Q. (1878) 5th S. x. 222. Wil. To thay I zed, Have ye zee'd 
he as my zowl do love? KITE Sng. Sol. (1860) iii. 3. Dor. Leave 
they to t'other place not she ! HARE Dinah Kellow (1901) 23; 
A^. 6* Q. ib. Dev. As if hur was too proud tu ztap and look at tha 
likes ov thay, BURNETT Stable Boy (1888) viii. Cor. The cookin 
all left to they? PENBERTHY Warp and Woof. 37. 

4. dem. pron. Those; such-like. 

Suf. Under they she hid herself, FISON Merry Suf. (1899) 31. 
w.Som. In cases where 'those' forms the antecedent to a relative 
we always say 'dhai.' ' Dhai dhut diied ut ul ae'Q tu pa.vy vaur 
ut. ' Dhur-z dhai kun tuul ee au'l 1 ubaewd ut,' ELWORTHY Gram. 
(1877) 32. Dev. Ben Lupin be one o' they that things fall to, 
ZACK White Cottage (1901) 13; The devil damn they that keeps 
me here, NORWAY Parson Peter (1900) 108. Cor. The gentry and 
they, DANIEL Bride ofScio (1842) 227. 

5. Phr. they {here, those. 

w.Som. 1 They things be dearer'n they there. Dhai'zh yuur 
aa-plz bee duub'l zu geo'd-z dhai dhae-ur [These apples are double 
as good as those 1. 

6. dem. adj. Those. 

Rut. 1 They boys ! War. 2 Call they dogs in, Introd. 15 ; War. 3 
Shr. 1 They pasen, 50. s.Oxf. Scarin' they rewks, ROSEMARY 
Chiltems (1895) 52. Brks. Thaay stwuns that built, HUGHES 
Scour. W. Horse (1859) vii ; Brks. 1 Sur. They rooks as you see 
on barson's place, JENNINGS Field Paths (1884) 37 ; Sur. 1 She 
doesn't give much milk out of they quarters. Hmp. ' Did you 
shake the mats, Tom?' 'They three I did, miss' (W.M.E.F.); 
Hmp. 1 Drive they cows out of that field. n.Hmp. (E.H.R.) Dor. 
There be a tidy few o' they flints, HARE Dinah Kellow (1901) 13. 
w.Som. 1 Dhai yuung peg'z mus bee u-teok't ee-n. Dev. Bagger 
they pixies, if they bant at they colts again ! HF.WETT Peas. Sp. 
(1892) Pref. 10. n.Dev. If I didn't reckon to have hidden they 
boots safe from me in the stick-rick, ZACK Dunstable Weir (1901) 
65. nw.Dev. 1 Cor. 3 Bring they three. 

7. Phr. they there, those. 

Ken. Look at they there birds (G.B.). w.Som. Used of things 
absent. ' V-ee zoa'ld dhai dhae'ur buuHks ? ' . . . referring to some 
that had been previously spoken of but not now present, ELWORTHY 
Gram. (1877) 31. Dev. 3 Gie me they-there bates. nw.Dev. 1 

THEY, see Thee, pers. pron., Their, Thou, Thy. 

THEYE, see Thee, sb. 

THEYSELVES, refl. pron. Nrf. Dor. Dev. Amer. 
Also in forms theysel Nrf. ; theysell Dor. Dev. Them- 

Nrf. Those gents expect you to keep as clean as theysels, 
EMERSON Lagoons (ed. 1896) 256. Dor. Passon didn' like for 
they to be locked in by theysells, HARE Dinah Kellow (1901) 255. 
Dev. They mid talk an' talk theysells hoarse, Longman's Mag. 
(Dec. 1896) 154. [Amer. They're pretty peart at the game 
theyselves, Cent. Mag. (Apr. 1882) 892.] 

THEYSEN, refl. pron. Sur. Themselves. 

Afore I'd take an' ask they as hanna enou' for theysen, BICKLEY 
Sur. Hills (1890) I. i. 

THI, see Thee, pers. pron, Thy. 

THIBLE, sb. and v. n.Cy. Nhb. Lakel. Yks. Lan. 
Also written thybel Nhb. 1 Wm. ; thyble Lan.; and in 
forms thibble N.Cy. 2 s.Lan. 1 ; thibbo s.Lan. 1 ; thorble, 
thribble w.Yks. ; thwibble w.Yks. 2 [j>ai'bl ; }>i'bl.] 



1. sb. A smooth stick or spatula, used for stirring broth, 
porridge, &c. See Thavvel, Thivel. 

N.Cy. 2 Nhb. 1 A round stick, usually of willow, peeled or 
barked ; about fifteen inches long and three-quarters of an inch 
in diameter ; used to stir porridge. Lake I. 2 Win. They gav 
him a wooden sword, I thout it wur liker a girt thible, WHEELER 
Dial. (1790) 94; (J.M.) n.Yks. 3 w.Yks. Hlfx. Courier (July 3, 
1897); (S.P.U.); w.Yks. 1235 Lan. I've a new thyble for yo, 
WAUGH Heather (ed. Milner) II. 239; Lan. 1 , n.Lan. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , 
e.Lan. 1 (s.v. Slice"), s.Laii. 1 

Hence (i) lean licking of Ihibles, phr. poverty, penury, 
a state verging on starvation ; (2) Tommy-Thibel, sb. a 
name given to the first finger. Also called Lick-pot. 

(i) w.Yks. They've hed nowt comin' in this nine weeks so there 
Ml be lean lickin' o' thibles theare (S. K.C.). (a) w.Yks. 2 

2. Obs. A dibble or setting-stick. n.Cy. (K.) ; BAILEY 
(1721); N.Cy. 2 3. v. To stir porridge, &c. with a' thibel' 
or stirring-rod. 

Win. To brew his aan coffee, to thybel his poddish, BOWNESS 
Studies (1868) 6r. 

THICCA, THICCY, see Thic(k. 

THICCY, int. Wm. Der. Also written thikki per. 
[Si'ki.j An exclamation used to call attention to anything, 
' there.' Cf. thaykety. 

Wm. See, thiccy his work, OLLIVANT Owd Bob (1898) 173. 
Der. 'Tl'ikki. you'll catch it!' Common, especially amongst children, 
ADDY Gl. (1891). 

THIC(K, dem. pron., dent. adj. and adv. Irel. Won Hrf. 
Pern. Glo. Brks. Hmp. I.W. Wil. Dor. Som. Dev. Cor. 
Also written thik Hmp. 1 Wil. Dor. Som.; and in forms 
dhicka, dhicke, dicka, dicke Wxf. 1 ; dik Dor. 1 ; thec 
I.W. Dev. 1 ; thecca Dev. 1 ; theck I.W. 1 Cor.; thecfca, 
theckee w.Cy. ; thecky Som. Cor. ; theggy Dev. ; thek 
w.Cy. Dev.; thekka Cor. 12 ; thekky Dev. Cor. 1 ; thicca 
Dev. 1 ; thiccy w.Cy. Dev. ; thicka s.Dev. ; thickee Dev. 
Cor. 2 ; thicker Dev. ; thickey Dev. 2 ; thicky w.Som. 1 
nw. Dev. 1 Cor. 1 ; thike Pern. ; thikke Dev. ; thikkyCor. 2 ; 
thiky Som. ; thoc Wil. 1 ; thock Glo. ; thuc Glo. Wil. ; 
thuccy Dev.; thuck Wor. Glo. 1 Hmp. 1 Wil. 1 Brks.; 
thuckee Cor. 2 ; thucker nw.Dev. 1 ; thuk Hmp. 1 [?Sik; 
?5ek, tSak.] 1. dem. pron. This, that ; this one, that one. 
Cf. thac(k. 

Wxf. 1 . Hrf. 1 , s.Pem. fW.M.M.) Glo. florae Subsecivae (1777) 
5 ; Glo. 1 2 Hmp. 1 Thic, Thik, this. Never used for ' that ' in North 
Hants. Thuck, Thuk, that. I.W. (HALL.); I.W. 1 Theck, that; 
thick, this. w.Cy. GROSE (1790). Wil. BRITTON Beauties (1825) ; 
Wil. 1 Thuck always = that, but is mainly a N. Wilts form, its 
place in S. Wilts being usually taken by Thick. Thic or Thick 
often = this in N.Wilts, but far more frequently = that, in fact, 
the latter may probably now be taken as its normal meaning, 
although it would appear to have been otherwise formerly. In 
Cunnington MS., for instance, it is stated that ' The old terms thic 
and thoc almost constantly exclude the expressions This and That ' 
(s.v. Pronouns). n.Wll. Thuck's our feyther's, JEFFERIES Gl. Estate 
(1880) ix. Dor. (C.V.G.) ; The demonstrative pronouns for the 
personal class [of formed individual things, as. a man, a tree, a tool] 
are ' theiise ' and ' thik.' . . ' Thik cheese,' BARNES Sng. Sol. (1859) 
Notes, iii; it. Gl. (1863) 21. n.Dor. (S.S.B.) Som. Thic, That, and 
Tother (F.A.A.) ; West of the Parret thecky, JENNINGS Dial. 
tv.Eng.(i869). e.Som.W.&J.G/.(i873X w.Som. When... 'dhik' 
or ' dhaat ' are used alone the distinction between the kind of thing 
referred to is still carefully maintained. Of a knifeitwouldbesaid... 
' Dhikee-z muyn.' . . But when the noun, whatever be its quality 
or number, has been already mentioned, or is to be mentioned in 
the same sentence, it is referred to by the neuter or indefinite form 
of thedemonstrative ' dhaat,' ' dhis,' and not ' dhik,' ELWORTHY Gram. 
(1877) 32. Dev. What dee cal thic a-head ? N. HOGG Poet. Lett. 
(ed. 1858) ist S. 19 ; Thuccy were Miss Toney's, O'NEILL Idyls 
(1892) 87; Dev. 1 A . . . takes up the tea-pot and stram-bang thecca 
go'tli out ofthe winda, 4 ; Dev. 2 n.Dev. Brittingo' thick an crazing 
thack, ROCK Jim an* Nell (1867) st. 7. nw.Dev. 1 Used as often as 
Thick or Thicky. s.Dev. Fox Kingsbridge (1874). Cor. We must 
be braave and theck, Jimmy Trebilcock ( 1 863) 6; That's thecky 
weth the rings, DANIEL Budget, 24 ; Cor. 1 ; Cor. 2 'Thickee and 
thuckee,' this and that. 

2. Phr. (i) thick here, this, this one; (2) there, (3) 
there there, that, that one. 

(i; Wil. To borrow a neighbour's tub to save thick ere in the 

pantry, PENHUDDOCKE Content (1860) 17; Wil. 1 In ' thick here' 
. . . the use of the adverb defines the meaning more precisely 
(s.v. Pronouns). (a) Glo. Th' owld wimin couldn't git arf so 
much o' thuc thur in to 'um, BUCKUAN Darke's Sojourn (1890) vi. 
Wil. SLOW Gl. (1893) ; (K.M.G.) ; Wil. 1 The use of the adverb 
defines the meaning more precisely (s.v. Pronouns). e.Som. 
W. & J. Gl. (1873). Dev. I say thiccy there is the gown that 
missus wore, O'NEILL Idyls ( 1892 87. Cor. 2 (3 w.Som. 1 Mine's 
a rare knive, but I widn gie much vor thick there there (s. v. There). 
e.Dev. When the Devonshire man directs attention to two objects, 
for example, he points to one of them as ' thick there there,' and 
to the other as ' thease here here/PuLMANSx^. Sol. (1860) Notes, 3. 

3. dem. adj. This, that. See Thease. 

Wxf. 1 ' Dhicka poake.' ' Na dicke wye, nar dicka.' Wor. (K.) 
Hrf. The vook may laugh at thick news, ELLIS Pronunr. (1889) V. 
69. s.Pem. Look ye at thike thing (W.M.M.). Glo. We brought 
un thuc gurt blue stone to try wi', BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn 
(1890) 167. Brks. Fot I out o' all thuck caddie, HUGHES Scour. 
White Horse (1859) vi. w.Cy. Thiccy work be turr'ble dry and on- 
promisin', Globe (Feb. 23, 1895^. WiL He can't stroddle thuck 
puddle, JEFFERIES Hodge ( 1880) I. 335 : Ta zee thick two together, 
SLOW Rhymes (1870) 6. Dor. A small brass dog, found in a barrow 
and now in the County Museum at Dorchester, was nailed up over 
the door of a sick man, whose mother believed that ' thic brass 
dog "ud do him a power o' good ' (J.B.P.) j Goo under thik tree, an' 
zit on that grass, BARNES Gl. (1863) 21. Som. Tes no good to 
come wi' thik tale, RAYMOND Love and Quiet Life (1894) 47. 
w.Som. All articles or things of specific shape or purpose which 
can be individualized by prefixing a or an, as a cloth, a tree, . . 
may be classed as definite nouns having their own demonstratives 
. . . dhee'Oz, . . dhik, or dhik ee, ELWORTHY Gram. (1877)29; 
' Dhik ' or 'dhik'fie' corresponds almost precisely to Latin isle. . . 
' I at dim kaa'fmdur puut dhik stae-ul een'tu dhik ee dhae'flr maup' 
[Let the carpenter put that handle into that (yonder) mop], ib. 
31 ; w.Som. 1 Dev. Why, the!t blamed sheep o' mine waunt 
stop nowhere, Flk-Lore Jrn. (1883) 1.334; They've a-zot upon 
thicker poar blid that was a-drownded, HEWETT .Pras. Sp. ^892) 
19 ; Dev. 1 Cor. Now thecky night I cudden blinK my eyes, 
DANIEL Port/olio in PENGELLY Verbal Pron. 11875) 153 ; Cor. 2 

4. These, those. 

Wor. Thuck things (K.). Dev. N. & Q. (1859) sth S. xi. 6. 

5. Phr. (i) thick here, this ; (2) there, (a) that; (b) those, 
(i) Wil. Why John be so certain about thick e'er thing, ELLIS 

Pronunc. (1889) V. 44. Dor. Do 'ee think as I be a-comed to 
thik here shameful work o' my own choosing, lass ? HARE Dinah 
Kellow (1901) it. e.Dev. The lordship, against who thic here 
caucus is founded, JANE Lordship (1897) 53. (a, a) I.W. 1 Come 
tell me, I proy, About theck there rooap, 54. w.Cy. Who lives in 
thic thur house now, down agen th' old tree stump ? Cornh. Mug. 
(Dec. 1895) 601. Dor. He wer twice too wide Vor thik there 
door, BARNES Poems (1869-70) 138. w.Dor. Rat thick there 
cheeld ! ROBERTS Hist. Lyme Regis (1834 \ Som. (W.F.R.) ; 
Spooase yo wanted thic ther sammon vor la grow, AGRIKLER 
Rhymes (1873) 101. w.Som. ' Dhik dhae'flr' or 'dhik'ee dhae'iir" 
[corresponds] to Latin ille. ' Lat dhu kaa fmdur puut dhik 
stae'ul een'tu dhik'fie dhae'ur maup,' ELWORTHY Gram. (1877) 31. 
Dev. Thickee there bwoy's 'nuff to drave me mazed I HEWETT 
Peas. Sp. (1893) ; Wat mort'l changes Hath occur'd in thic thare 
time, N. HOGG Poet. Lett. (ed. 1866) 3. (6) Dev. N. &> Q. (1879) 
5th S. xi. 6, n 6. 

6. adv. So. 

n.Dev. He hurried along thic fast I thought he must be wonder- 
ful set on zeeing the maid, ZACK Dunstable Weir (1901) 337. 

Hence (i) thikketheor aways, phr., (2) Thuck-wise, adv. 
thus, so. 

(i) Dev. When young gentlemen do overlook young ladies, 
tain't thikketheor aways, I knoo, KINGSLEY Westward Ho (1855) 
50, ed. 1889. (2) Wor. (K.) 

[S. Sin thilke day that they were children lyte, CHAUCER 
C. T. A. 1193. OE./ylc, such.] 

THICK, adj., adv., sb. and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. 
Eng. and Amer. Also in forms theck n.Dev.; thik Chs. ; 
tic(k Sh.I. [bik.] 1. adj. and adv. In comb, (i) Thick- 
bill, the bullfinch, Pyrrhula Europaea ; (2) dicks, thick 
porridge ; (3) end, the greater part, the majority or most 
part ; (4) -hots, porridge made of water and oatmeal ; (5) 
knee, the great plover, Oedicnemus scolopax ; (6) -lifted, 
short-winded, wheezy, breathing with difficulty ; (7) 
-listed, (a) see (6) ; (b) dull, stupid ; (8) -milk, hot milk 




thickened with flour, and then sweetened ; (9) -neck, a 
false growth in corn ; the growing of several stalks 
together; (10) -pelted, thick-skinned; (n) -podditch or 
porridge, oatmeal porridge ; (12) -set, thick cloth ; pi. 
a suit of clothes made of strong thick cloth ; (13) -set 
wheat, see below ; (14) -spinning, fig. bad conduct ; (15) 
thumbed, sluttish, untidy ; clumsy ; (16) -tollols, a jocu- 
lar name for oatmeal porridge ; (17) -wet, of clothes : 
saturated with water ; (18) -winded, bad at breathing, 

(i) Lan. SWAINSON Birds (1885) 67. (a s n.Lan. 1 (3) e.Yks. 1 
The thick end of a job of work, MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. We've 
waited for the'y cumin heame T'thick end ov hofe an hooer, 
BLACKAH Poems (1867) 241. Stf., Der. Most part (J.K.). n.Lin. 1 
I've gotten th' thick end o' th' job finished wi 1 . Thick end o' last 
week we got noht dun, i' a waay o' speakin'. sw.Lin. 1 It's the 
thick-end of a mile. They've gotten the thick-end of their 
harvest. (4) n.Cy. (HALL.), w.Yks. 1 (5) Oxf. APLIN Birds 
(1889) 142. Sur. That small representative of the noble bustard 
. . . the thicknee or great plover, SON OF MARSHES On Sur. Hills 
(1891) 68. s.Sus. The stone-curlew, or thick-knee, sometimes 
called Norfolk plover, Longmans Mag. (Aug. 1902) 356. (6) 
w.Som. 1 Poor old fuller, he's a-come terr'ble thick lifted, sure 
'nough. n.Dev. In a tingling vrost than tha art theck-lifted, 
Exm. Scold. (1746) 1. 126. (7, a) w.Cy. GROSE (1790). Dev. 1 
(4) Dev. Horae Subsecivae (1777) 255. (8) Don. Norah . . . put 
down also the tail of a herring and a bowl of thick milk, Harper's 
Mag. (Oct. 1900) 795. Oxf. 1 MS. add. Brks. 1 Milk boiled and 
thickened with flour and sweetened with sugar or treacle, 
ne. Ken. (H.M.), Sus. 1 (9) Lan. 1 (10) nw.Dev. 1 Thuze sheep be 
thick-pilted toads; there's no proof in 'em [they will not fatten 
easily], (n) ne Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , nw.Der. 1 112) Sc. Our landlord 
wore ... a pair of bran new velveteens, instead of his ancient 
thicksets, SCOTT Bride of Lam. (1819) i. Ayr. His breeches, of 
olive thickset, were carefully preserved from stains, GALT Sir A. 
Wylie (1822) i. (13) Bdf. Velvet-cased wheat, which is called in 
this county white-chapped led wheat, and thick-set wheat, 
BATCHELOR Agric. (1813) 362. (14) n.Cy. (HALL.) w.Yks. 1 
What I guess thou's turn'd off for thick spinnin. (15) Ken. 12 
(16) s.Lan. 1 Chs. Agret big fat butcher, now wi' thiktollols fed, 
C/is. N. &> Q. (Nov. 1881) I. 183. (17) n.Lin. 1 (18) ne.Lan. 1 

2. Phr. (i) the thicker skin holds the longer out, see below ; 

(2) thick and threefold, strongly ; (3) in the clear, see 
below ; (4) of speech, indistinct ; (5) to bite a bit quicker 
and run a bit thicker, see below. 

(i) Cum.' In law contests a common saying is, ' T'thicker skin 
hod t'langer oot ' implying that the heaviest purse will win the 
suit ; Cum. 4 (a) w.Yks. 2 Shoo gav it me thick-and-threefold. 

(3) Nhp. 1 An expression commonly used when any one who is 
hoarse and husky from a cold is attempting to clear his voice. 
' Why, you are thick in the clear.' (4) w.Som. 1 (5) n.Lin. 1 
' Thaay'll bite a bit quicker an' run a bit thicker,' said of well-bred 
sheep in contrast with those of base pedigree, and meaning that 
the well-born ones will eat a little more, and that the same land 
will be able to sustain a greater number. 

3. Short, squat, thick-set. 

Sc. (G.W.) Fif. Thick Jamie Bud, lang Sandy Kay, TENNANT 
Papistry (1827) 69. 

4. Of the weather: cloudy, misty, foggy. 

Sc. (A.W.) Sh.I. Hit wis i' da hommin, an' da lift wis tick, Sh. 
Maw (Aug. 31, 1901). w.Yks.(J.W.) n.Lin. 1 Athick day is a foggy 
day. w.Som. 1 Thickwet, a dense mist. ' Twas a proper thick wet, 
youcould-n zee not a gunshot.' Dev. I neverzeed it so thickafore or 
zince, MORTIMER W. Moors (1895) 290. 

Hence (i) Thickness, sb. fog, mist; (2) Thick-set, adj. 
cloudy or set in for rain. 

(i) Sh.I. We didna ken him i' da tikness, Sh News (Scot n 
1898). (2) n.Yks. 2 

6. Stupid, dull, slow of comprehension. Also used advb 
and in phr. thick in the head. 

Cai. I was aye thick in the heid, M^LENNAN Peas. Life (1871) I 
108. Frf. I'm thicker i' the heid than I gie mysel' creydit for 
MACKENZIE N. Pine (1897) 145. Cum. (M.P.) w.Yks. Talking 
thick is to talk without reason, HAMILTON Nugae Lit. (1841) 356. 
ne.Lan. 1 s.Not. He's very thick of hearing and very thick of 
understanding too (J.P.K.). Oxf. (G.O.), Brks. 1 , Hmp. 1 
6. Partially deaf, esp. in phr. thick of hearing. 

Cum. 1 *, n.Yks. 12 , e.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 A more usual though less 
gainly expression is 'thick i' t'lug. 1 w.Yks. 2 , s.Not. (J.P.K.; 

i thick a lee afore, SUTCLIFFK 

Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 , War. 3, s.Wor. (H.K.) Sus. 1 Speak a little louder, 
sir, I'm rather thick of hearing. w.Som. 1 Cor. Doubtless I may 
be thick o' hearin, ' Q." Three Ships (ed. 1892) 97. 

7. Numerous, plentiful; frequent, in quick succession. 
Also used advb. 

Gall. As bairns turned thick and thicker, A' her beauties 
changed their hue, NICHOLSON Poet. Wks. (1814) 116, ed. 1897; 
Thick, sma' rain description of much Gall, weather (J.M.). 
N.I. 1 n.Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (P.) w.Yks. (J.W.) s.Lan. 1 
Hoo's had childer very thick-on. They're very thick uppo' th' sod. 
nw.Der. 1 s Wor. Mine is a good summer-house, the doors be so 
thick, PORSON Quaint Wds. (1875) 3 1 - se.Wor.' Thick on the 
ground = crowded. Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). Dor. 1 The 
leazers thick da stoop to pick the ears, 158. Cor. 3 

Hence phr. (i) thick and threefold, (2) thicker and faster, 
in great numbers or quantity ; thickly, with little inter- 

(i) Sc. Ills come thick and three-fauld on him (JAM.). Lnk. 
Thick-an'-threefauld in the trance Bright forms strain'd to be near 
The glowing hearth, MILLER Willie Winkie (ed. 1902) 41. n.Yks. 2 
Flocking in thick and threefold. Lan. 1 They'd nobbut been 
married abeawt three months when trouble begun o' comin' on 
'em thick-an'-threefold. e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 He's a bonny lot 
o' childer i' this short time ; they'n com'n thick an' three-fowd. 
s.Chs. 1 The bills come droppin' in thick an' three-fowld. (2) 

8. Thorough, complete, downright. 
w.Yks. I've niver known him tell so thic! 

Shameless Wayne (1900) 245. 

9. Friendly, intimate, on very familiar or intimate terms. 
In gen. colloq. use. 

Sc. (A.W.) Sh.I. Dey wir very tic, BURGESS Sketches (2nd ed.) 
7 2 - Frf. Sae thick an' pack wi' yon sour-mou'd whaup, LOWSON 
Guidfolloiv (1890) 34. Ayr. They were fain o' ither, An' unco pack 
an' thick thegither, BURNS Tua Dogs (1786) 1. 37-8. Lth. He's 
fast an' thick wi' Hootsman, LUMSUEN Sheep-head (1892) 293. Ir. 
Himself and Alec Hardwick always being so thick, BODKIN 
Shillelagh (1902) 102. N.I. 1 Nhb. Him an' Charlie wes the 
thickest o' marrers tegither, PEASE Mark o' Deil (1894) 19. Cum. 4 
Wm. They wer sea thick, her an t'lile jack ass, Spec. Dial. (1885) 
pt. iii. 39. n.Yks.' 24 , m.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. 1 * Lan. Thee and me has 
allis been thick, ACKWORTH Clog Shop Chron. (1896) 227; Lan. 1 , 
e.Lan.l, s Lan. 1 , Chs. 13 , Der. 2 , nw.Der. 1 , Not. 1 , n.Lin. 1 , se.Lin. 
(J.T.B.), sw.Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 , War. 23 , w.Wor. 1 Hrf. BOUND Provinc. 
(1876). Oxf. 1 MS. add., Brks. 1 Bdf. BATCHELOR Anal. Eng. 
Lang. (1809) 146. e.An. 12 Nrf. EMERSON Son of Fens (1892) 
190. Hmp. 1 Dor. Him and me's very thick, FRANCIS Pastorals 
(1901) aoo. w.Som. 1 e.Dev. That mighty kewer, but rich 
gentleman, Mr. Bolde, was thick in with young Mohun, JANE Ever 
Mohun (1901) 230. [Amer. There's others that I should rather 
have Ellen thick with, Harper's Mag. (June 1901) 73.] 

Hence Thickness, sb. familiarity, intimacy, friendliness. 

Lnk. Willie and his father-in-law to be were now, in a manner, 
scunnersome wi' their thickness, ROY Generalship (ed. 1895) 171. 

10. Phr. (i) as thick as bees, (2) as blackberries, (3) as 
crowdy, (4 ) as Darby and Joan, (5) as Dick and Leddy, 
(6) as Harry and Mary, (7) as herrings in a barrel, 
(8) as inkle-weavers or -makers, (9) as mack, (io) as 
thick, (n) as thieves, (12) as three in a bed, (13) as 
two dogs' heads, (14) as two in a bed, very friendly and 
intimate ; on exceedingly good terms ; (15] to make thick 
with, to ingratiate oneself with. 

(i) Brks. You an' she were as thick as bees, HAYDEN Thatched 
Cottage (1902) 142. (2) Ir. I thought you an' he were as thick as 
blackberries before you went away, M c NuLTY Misther O'Ryan 
(1894) iii. (3; Ags. In the company o' twa derf lookin' English 
chields as thick wi' them as crowdy, REID Howetoon, 95. (4) Lan. 
Hoo an' it's as thick as Darby an' Jooan, BOWKER Tales (1882) 
172. (5) w.Yks. As thick as Dick an' Leddy (J.R.). (6) w.Cor. 
They used not to speak ; but now they are ' as thick as Harry and 
Mary'(M.A.C). (7) Uls. (M.B.-S.) (8) Ayr.Confabbin'thegither 
as thick as inkle weavers, SERVICE Nolandums (1890) 74. Dur. 1 
Cum. 3 Stumptavvay togidder as thick as inkle weavers, 15. n.Yks. 1 , 
e.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. 1 Lan. They'n be as thick as inkle wayvers, 
BRIERLEY Mat-locks (1866) vii. s-Lan.^, Chs. 3 , Der. 2 , nw.Der. 1 , 
n.Lin. J Dor. BARNES Gl. (1863). Dev. Adam, you and Miss Deller 
ought to be as thick as inkle makers ! STOOKE Not Exactly, vii. (9) 
w.Yks. Prov. in Brighouse News (Aug. 10, 1889) ; w.Yks. 1 , n.Lin. 1 
(10) w.Yks. (J.W.) I.Ma. All the lot as thick as thick, BROWN 
Doctor (1887) 13. Midi. Carter were as thick wi' Rollins as thick 




couldbe, BARTRAMPro//<-o/C/o^/OH(i897)6a. (n)Sc. (A.W.) Gall. 
CROCKETT Stickit Min. (1893 "1 28. Ir.Your sweetheart an' hersweet- 
heart, thick as two thieves, BARLOW Bogland (1892) 123, ed. 1893. 
Dur. Thick as thieves were the two of them, GUTHRIE Kitty Pagan 
(1900)156. s.Lan.',Not(J.H.B.), War.*, e.An. 2 Dev. She an' Bill 
got so thick as thieves afore the picter was out o' hand, Black and 
WMe(}uneaT, 1896)824. (i2)Uls.(M.B.-S.1 > n.Lln.>,Oxf. 1 ^/S.arfrf. 
(13} Nhb. It wasna you nor her jauntin' off to Brantham as thick 
as two dogs' heads, GRAHAM Red Scaur (1896) 263. (14) Der. 2 
(15) Cld. (JAM.) 

11. In love ; criminally familiar or intimate, esp. in phr. 
over or too thick. 

Sc. She had fa'en a wee ower thick wi' a cousin o' her ain, 
SCOTT Antiquary (1816) xxiv ; (JAM.) Frf. As the weeks flew by, 
Jamie and Miss Smith grew thicker, VfiLLOCKRosetty Ends (1886) 
60, ed. 1889. Edb. She's ower thick wi' the Auld Ane, BEATTY 
Secretar( 1897) 349. Lakel. 2 Wm. 'Liggintagiddurwill makswines 
thick,' common saying (B.K.). n.Yks. T'talk that cam oop aboot 
mah bein thick wi' her, wur set aflooat by sum gooid-for-nowts, 
TtETHWSTOHSmugginsFam.^i. w.Yks. 1 n. Lin. 1 Persons are said 
to be 'oher thick wi' one another' who carry on an intrigue. 

12. sb. Phr. (i) the thick of the thrang, the midst of the 
bustle or crowd ; the busiest part or time ; (2) on it, the 
major or principal part ; (3) to have neither thick nor thin 
in the house, to have neither meat nor drink. 

(I) Cum. 14 , n.Yk8. 2 , w.Yka. (J.W.) (3) Cum. 1 She browt a heap 
o 1 kelter an' t'thick on't o' hard gold ; Cum. 4 (3) w.Yks. 1 

13. Obs. A crowd ; a mass of people. 

Edb. My uncle . . . keeping well among the thick, to be as little 
kenspeckle as possible, MOIR Mansie Wauch (1828) ii. 

14. pi. Groves and woods with thick, close underwood ; 
thickets. Suf. (HALL.), Suf. 1 A rag-trade term : 
a linsey in which the weft is made of cotton and wool, but 
in which the cotton preponderates. w.Yks. (M.F.) 

18. v. To thicken. 

ra.Yks. 1 He begins to thick i' t'lug a bit [to grow deaf], w.Yks.* 
T'day's thicking [getting cloudy]. 

Hence Thickedonilk, sb. milk thickened with flour and 
boiled. Dor. 1 

THICK, THICKA, see Theak, v.\ Thic(k. 

TH1CKEDNESS, sb. Glo. [bi'kidnas.] Thickness. 
(W.H.C.), Glo. 

THICKEE, see Thicfk. 

THICKENING-STUFF,: *b. s-Lan. 1 Victuals of any kind. 

THICKENS, sb. pi. Yks. Also written thickans. 
[I'i'k.-m/. | Oatmeal porridge ; lit. 'thick ones.' 

w.Yks. Thickans sweetand we trakle to their breikfast, TOM 
TREDDLEHOYLE Matty Muffindoaf (1643) 36 ; Let thi thickens keel, 
Leeds Men:. Suppl. (Jan. 3, 1891) ; w.Ykm." 

THICKER, see Thic(k. 

THICKET, sb. Dev. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] ? A faggot. 

n.Dev. Yen thick auther thicket, ROCK Jim an' Nell (1867) St. 9. 

Thicik, Thixle. 

THICKUMY, detn. pron. Som. Also in form thick- 
emny. | flrkanii. | That ; also in cotnp. Thickumy-there. 
(W.F.R.) ; W. & J. Cl. (1873) ; (HALL.) 

THICKUN, dent. pron. Hrf. Glo. Wil. Som. Also 
written thicken Wil. ; thick'un, thicun Glo. ; and in forms 
thuck'un, thucun Glo. | iSi-koii. | This one, that one. 

Hrf." Glo. Thick 'un hut thuck 'un and not thuck 'un hut thick 
'un, LYSONS Vulgar Tongue (1868) 46; Thicun this one, Thucun 
-that one (HS.H.); Glo. 1 Wil. PENRUDDOCKE Content (1860) 
In/rod. 3. Som. (W.F.R.) 

THICKY DUDDLE, sb. Dor. Flour and water. BARNES 
Gl. (i863)(s.v. Duddles). 

THICUN, see Thickun. 

THIEF, sb. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and Eng. Also 
written theef Dmb. ; and in forms thieve- Dmb. ; tief 
Or.I. [bif.] 1. In comb, (i) Thief-animal, a term of 
opprobrium for a thievish person ; (2) -club, an associa- 
tion for the prosecution of thieves ; (3) -handsel, see 
below; (4) -like, (a} having the appearance of a blackguard; 
(b) plain, ugly ; hardlooking ; also used in conipar. see 
below ; (c) applied to dress : unbecoming, not handsome ; 
(5) -loon, (6) -never, a thief, thievish rascal ; (7) -thrum d, 


made of stolen 'thrums'; (8) Thieves'-hole, obs., a gaol, 
prison; esp. a particularly bad dungeon reserved forthieves. 
(i Frf. I was michtilies beguiled i' the buyin' o't by that thief- 
animal, Ratty Mairtin, MACKENZIE A'. Pine (1897") 376. (2" Wm. 
The members of the thief club, as they are commonly called, should 
all pay in proportion to the property they wish to protect, Lons- 
dale Mag. II. 177. (3) n.Yks. 2 ' That new house has had thief- 
handsel, something stolen from it in the first instance; a bad 
omen for the future luck of the house. (4, a) Sc. If ye binna 
thief, binna thief-like, Prov. (JAM.) (ft) ib. The thiefer-like the 
better soldier. Ye're like the swine, the aulder ye grow, ye're 
ay the thiefer-like. (rl ib. That's a thief-like mutch ye've on. 
(5) Dmf. My stomach fair rebounds at the thought of thae thief- 
loons gawping up Buccleuch's mutton, HAMILTON Mawkin (1898) 
213. (6) Dmf. We tynt the hogs, but we got the thief rievers fast 
enough, ib. 273. (7)' Dmb. Thieve thrum'd waft can mak* but 
rotten harn, SALMON Gowodran (1868) 100. (8^ Sc. Put the poor 
man in arms, and lay him in the dungeon called the Thecves' 
Hole, KIRKTON Ch. Hist. (1817) 209. Slg. He ... allowed them 
to try him with their thieves hole or axe, BRUCE Sermons (1631) 
129, ed. 1843. Gall. Instantly thrust into the thieveshole, as 
the greatest malefactors, Gallovidian (1901) III. 57. 

2. Phr. (i) as fast as a thief in a mill, prov., quite safe, 
with no means of escape ; see below ; (2) a thief's bargain, 
a very cheap bargain, such a bargain as a thief makes 
with a receiver of stolen goods ; (3) he's such an old thief, 
he'd rob Jesus Christ of his shoe-strings, said of a notorious 
thief; (4) the black thief, (5) the old thief, (6) the thief of the 
world, the devil ; (7) the thief and reaver bell, see below ; 
(8) thief take you, an imprecation or oath : the devil take you. 

(i) e.Yks. The mill referred to would be one of the old wooden 
windmills, built on posts, with only one way of ingress and 
egress, and which could easily be surrounded, thus giving no 
chance of escape to the thief therein, NICHOLSON Flk. Sp. (1889) 
18. ne.Lan. 1 , nw.Der. 1 (2) e.Sc. Ou, ay, ye may weel glower, 
it's a thief's bargain an' nae mistake, STRAIN Elmslie's Drag-net 
(1900) 249. (3) War. 2 (4) Or.I. The devil [is called] da Auld 
Chield,da Sorrow, da ill-healt, or da black tief, FERGUSSON Rambles 
(1884 166. (5} Lnk. The pair [Adam and Eve] gat a fa' Foul fa' 
the Auld Thief for that sinning o't ! RODGER Poems(i8s&) 101, ed. 
1897. (6) Ker. May the thief o' the wurld turn it all into whishky 
an' be choked wid it ! BARTRAM Whittheaded Boy (1898 84. (7) 
N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 At the time of sounding the curfew on the evening 
of the day on which each fair was proclaimed, the great bell of 
St. Nicholas was rung, and called by the common people the ' thief 
and reaver bell." It was meant as announcing that the fair had 
begun, all people might freely enter the town and resort to it, no 
process being issued from the mayor's or sheriff's courts without 
affidavits being made that the party could not at other times be 
taken, RICHARDSON Newc. Municip. Accts. 90. (8) Lnk. Ye maun 
gar Kate tak me, or thief tak you a' thegither, GRAHAM Writings 
(1883) II. 56. 

3. A term of contempt or vituperation used with no implica- 
tion of dishonesty; a rascal, scamp. Also applied to things. 

Sc. She's an ill-faur'd thief (JAM.). Flf. Mak the thief wallop 
out o' sicht, TENNANT Papistry 11827) 128. Dmb. The steem-bott 
was a dour theef, and snoor't awa and snoor't awa tho' the water 
was jaupin up to the lum-tap, CROSS Disruption (1844') xxix. 

4. An imperfection in the wick of a candle which causes 
it to gutter and waste. In gen. colloq. use. 

n.Yks. (I.W.) e.Yks. NICHOLSON Flk. Sp. (1889) 4. w.Yks. 2 , 
s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , War. sa , se.Wor. 1 Stir. 1 Look at 
the thief i' the candle, 'ow it's wasting it. Oaf. 1 MS. add. Brks. 1 , 
Suf. 1 , w.Som.', Wil. (G.E.D.) 

5. A bramble, hawthorn, Ritbusfruticosus. 

e.Yks. 1 A prick of the hawthorn, briar, &c., only so called when 
catching at a passing object or puncturing the flesh, MS. add. 
(T.H.) Lei. 1 , War. 8 

THIEFY,o<#. Sh.I. Informtiefy. [ti'fi.] Thievish, 
thieving. Also usedyf^. stealthy, furtive. 

Hit's no da first 'at Jonathin Hughson haes gotten his ticfie 
haunds ower, CLARK N. Gleams (1898) 95 ; Tamy, wi' a kind o' 
tiefy luik at Sibbie, Sli. News (Aug. 31, 1897;. 

THIEVAL, see Thivel. 

THIEVELESS, adj. Sc. Irel. Also written theeveless 
Ayr. ; and in forms thaveless Ir. ; thiyeless w.Sc. 
fbrvlas.] 1. Listless, spiritless, wanting in energy or 
force ; aimless, ineffectual, bootless. Cf. thowless. 

Sc. 'A thieveless excuse,' one that is not satisfactory (jAM.,s.v 





Thewles). Per. He had a broken-down look and appeared listless, 
or, as he himself expressed it, ' rale thieveless,' FERGUSSON Vill. 
Poet (1897) 80. w.Sc. She answered in a gay thieveless-like way, 
CARRICK Laird of Logan (1835, 289. Ayr. At ilka thing I'm 
thieveless, And frae seching canna keep, WHITE Jottings (1879) 
261. Lnk. Ye thieveless, thowless pack o' ghaistlin's, MURDOCH 
Done Lyre (1873) 23. e.Lth. Archie Howden's but a thieveless, 
daidlin cratur, HUNTER /. Inwkk (1895) 45. n.Ir. 'A thaveless 
body.' ' A thaveless bit of work.' ' I was thaveless at her,' I 
regarded her as acting or talking foolishly, senselessly (M.B.-S.). 
Hence Thievelessly, adv. feebly, weakly, aimlessly, 
without force or energy. 

Ayr. Peter . . . gaed doitin' awa up the road, theevelessly, by 
himsel', SERVICE Notandums (1890) n. 
2. Cold, bleak. Also usedjig. shy, reserved ; cold, frigid 
in manner, forbidding. 

w.Sc. ' To look thieveless to one,' to give one a cold reception 
(JAM., s.v. Thewles). Rnf. 'It's a thieveless morning,' a pbr. 
used by old people. ' Thieveless' is applied to weather in a sort of 
intermediate or uncertain state. Thus ' a thieveless day ' is one 
neither properly good or bad (it.) ; Used to denote frigidity or 
insipidity of manner (;*.). Ayr. Wi' thieveless sneer to see his 
modish mien, BURNS Brigs of Ayr (1787) 1. 89. 
THIEVELY, adj. e.Yks. 1 [>fvli.] Thievish, dishonest. 
THIF, v. Obs. Wxf. 1 To blow with wind or rain. 
THIG, v. Sc. n.Cy. Also in forms theg Abd. ; tig(g 
S. & Ork. 1 [big.] 1. To beg, borrow; esp. to solicit 
gifts or alms on certain occasions, such as on setting up 
housekeeping, &c. 

Sc. Maun gang thiggingand sorning about on their acquaintance, 
SCOTT Rob Roy (1817) xxvi ; At a young Highlander's first setting 
up for himself ... he goes about among his near relations and 
friends ; and from one he begs a cow, from another a sheep, . . 
till he has procured for himself a tolerable stock. This they call 
thigging, HISLOP Anecdote (1874) 99. S. & Ork. 1 n.Sc. One or 
more days were given to the thigging of wool from her friends 
and neighbours, GREGOR Olden Time, 109. Abd. The bridegroom 
gaed a tlieggan' among the friends, an' got presents o' corn an' 
ither gear in token o' their well wishes, MICHIE Deeside Tales 
(1873) 132. Ayr. He gaed to the gaits' [goats'] hoose to thig W 
[wool], SERVICE Dr. Dtiguid (ed. 1887) 262. e.Lth. Ye'll see 
them waste their siller on drink or dress, an' syne thig a' they can 
getaffthe pairish, HUNTER/. Imvick (1895^ 145. Gall. He tried 
to thig it awa' frae his faither, CROCKETT Bog-Myrtle (1895) 378. 
n.Cy. I.HALL.) 

Hence (i) Thig, sb. begging, borrowing ; (2) Thigger, 
sb. a beggar, mendicant ; (3) Thigging, sb. the quantity of 
grain collected by begging ; (4) Thigster, sb., see (2). 

(i) Arg. Studying through his horn specs the tale of thig and 
theft which the town-officer had made up a report on, MUNRO 
J. Splendid (1898) 315. (2) Sh.I. Tiggers soodna be tarrowers, 
SPENCE Flk-Lore (1899) 2I2 ! S. & Ork. 1 Edb. Scotch penal 
enactments against sturdy beggars, thiggers, sorners, and such 
like, LORIMER West Kirke (,1885) 34. (31 Kcd. I'll get a thigging 
frae auld John Watt, KINLOCH Ballad Bk. (1827) 69, ed. 1868. 
Per. (JAM.) (4) Sc. (JAM.) 

2. Phr. to tig nine mothers' meat, see below. 

Sh.I. The mother is further instructed to ' tig the nine mothers' 
meat' for the bairn's restoration, i.e. nine mothers whose first- 
born were sons are each solicited for an offering of three articles 
of food, to be used during the convalescence of the patient who 
has been thus snatched from the power of the trows, SPENCE Flk- 
0^(1899) 147. 

3. To entice ; to entreat ; to tease. S. & Ork. 1 

[1. And now me bus, as a beggar, my bred for to bigge 
At doris vpon dayes, bat dayres me full sore, Dest. Troy 
(c. 1400) 13549. OE. picgan, to take, receive, accept ; Dan. 
tigge, to beg (LARSEN).] 

THIGHT, THIKfE, see Theat, adj., Thic(k. 

THIKKE, THIKKI, TH1KY, see Thic(k, Thiccy, 

THILK, dem.pron. Glo. [tSilk.] That, the same. See 

GIBBS Cotswold Village (1898) 84. ne.Glo. ' Ou haven't come in.'. . 
' I suppose I cowd ha' told thee thilk,' Household Wds. ( 1885) 141. 

THILL, sb. 1 Sc. and in gen. dial, use in Eng. and 
Amer. [il.] 1. The shaft of a cart or wagon. Gen. in 
pi. Also used jig. See Fill, s*. 1 , Tills, sb. pi. 1 

Call. Now you yourself are in the thills, CROCKETT Grey Man 

(1896) 316. n.Yks. 14 , ne.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 <s.v. Shill), Lan. 1 , Lei. 1 , 
Nhp. 2 , Snf. (C.G.BO.Suf.^Sus. 1 Hmp. HOLLOWAY ; Moses Snow 
was sitting on the thill, dangling his legs, GRAY Ribstone Pippins 
(1898) 27. Wil. 1 [Amer. I'm like a bronco in a buggy. I want 
tobustathill every time I feel therein. Cent. Mag. (Jan. 1901) 452.] 

Hence Thilling, prp. working in the shafts. Lan. 1 
2. Comp. (i) Thill-bells, the chain part of the shaft- 
horse's harness, which, fixed on the wooden fore-part of 
the collar, hooks on the tugs of the shafts ; (2) -hanks or 
Thillanks, (a) the leather thongs fastened into the 'names' 
of the shaft-horse ; (b) obs., the twist or rope that came 
over the saddle of the shaft-horse ; (3) -harness, harness 
for the shaft-horse ; (4) -horse, the shaft-horse ; (5) -tugs, 
see (i). 

(i) Suf. 1 (a, a) Dur. (K.), Lei. 1 , Nhp.l (s.v. Filanks). (A) Dur. 
(K.) (3) n.Lin. 1 , Oxf. 1 MS. add. Brks. A thill harness will be 
run for by cart-horses, HUGHES Scour. White Horse (1859) v. 
Sur.i, Hmp. (H.R.), Dor. 1 e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). (4) 
n.Cy. GROSE (1790). n.Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 , w.Wor.^Glo. 1 Bdf. BATCHELOR 
Anal. Eng. Lang. (1809) 126. Suf. (C.T.), Suf. 1 Ess. MORTON 
Cyclo. Agra. (1863) (s.v. Horse). Sus. 1 , Ken. 1 Hmp. (H.R.) ; 
HOLLOWAY. Wil. 1 [Amer. Dial. Notes (1896) I. 334.] (5) Brks. 
Varmer MifHin's mare run for and won a new cart-saddle and 
thill-tugs, HUGHES Scour. While Horse (1859) v. I.W. 1 
[Thylle, of a cart, temo (Prompt.).] 

THILL, sb." n.Cy. Nhb. Dur. Yks. [bil.] 1. The floor 
of a coal-seam. 

N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 On this, flat deals of beech wood were formerly 
laid to form the 'ways' for the sleds or trams. A 'holey thill' 
was one of these tramways when worn into holes by the passage 
of the trams. Nhb., Dur. GREENWELL Coal Tr. Gl.( 1849). w.Yks. 
(J.H.B.), w.Yks. 2 

2. A thin bed or stratum of fire-clay. 

Nhb. 1 The underlayer of a coal seam freq. consists of a thin bed 
of fireclay; hence thin strata of that material are called 'thill,' 
irrespective of their position with regard to a seam of coal. ' The 
thills or underclays of coals,' LEBOUR Geol. (ed. 1886) 12. Nhb., 
Dur. Grey thill with water, Borings (1881) II. 4. 

Hence Thilly, adj. partaking of the nature of indurated 
clay. Nhb. 1 

[1. pille, a structure of planks ; flooring (SWEET).] 
THILLER, sb. In gen. dial, use in midl. and s.Eng. 
Also written thillur I.W. 1 [bHa(r.] 1. The shaft-horse 
or wheeler in a team. Also called Thill-horse (q.v., s.v. 
Thill, sb. 1 ). See Tiller, sb. 2 

Lan. 1 , Lei. 1 , Nhp. 12 (s.v. Filler), Wa-. (J.R.W.), War. 3 Wor. 
Deceased was by the thiller's head, Evesliam Jm. (Sept. 18, 
1897). w.Wor. 1 , s-Wor. 1 , se.Wor. 1 , Shr.i, Hrf. 2 , Glo. (A.B.), 
Glo. 12 , Oxf.', Brks. 1 , e.An. 1 Nrf., Suf. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. 
(1863); Suf. 1 Ess. Trans. Arch. Soc. (1863,1 H. l8 7- Sus -' Hmp. 
HOLLOWAY. I.W. 1 , Wil. 1 , Dor. 1 e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). 
[Hole bridle and saddle, whit lether and nail, With collers and 
harneis, for thiller and all, TUSSER Husb. (1580) 36.] 
2. Comb, (i) Thiller's gear(s, harness for the shaft-horse ; 
(2) -horse, the shaft-horse or wheeler in a team, &c. ; (3) 
tackle, see (i). 

(i) s.Wor. (H.K.) Shr. 1 Suit of thiller's gear, Auct. Catal. 
(Stoddesden) (1870). Glo. TV. & Q. (1882) 6th S. vi. 186. Suf. 
RAINBIRD Agric. (1819) 292, ed. 1849. (a) War. 4 , Hmp. 1 (3) 
War. (J.R.W.) 

THILSE, adv. Obs. Bch. GAM.) Else, otherwise, 
' the else.' 

THIMAL, see Thimble. 

THIMBER, adj. Obs. Sc. Gross, heavy, cumbrous. 

Thick and thimber was his thie,AYTOUN.Ba/Ws(ed. 1861)11.333. 

THIMBLE, sb. and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 

Eng. Also in forms thimal w.Yks. ; thlmell Der. ; 

thimmel Lth. Nhb. Dur. 1 n.Lan. 1 ; thimmle e.Yks. 1 ; 

thimmy Der. ; thumble Sc. GAM.) [brm(b)l.] 1. sb. 

In comb, (i) Thimble-ha', a tailor's workshop ; (2) -pie, a 

rap on the head with a thimbled finger ; in gen. colloq. 

use ; also called Dame's thimble ; (3) -pie making, see 

(2) ; (4) -work, needlework, tailoring. 

(i) Abd. He ... ca's their lear but clippings a' ; And bids them 
gang to Thimble-ha', KEITH Farmer's //' (1774)31. 14. (2) Dur. 1 , 
e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. Missis pullin me ears, broddin me wit knittin 
needle, an giein me sa mich thimal-pie, TOM TREDDLEHOYLE 
Baimsla Ann. (1847) 6; w.Yks. 1 , n.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 Der. Years 



ago there was one variety which little boys and girls knew as 
' dame's thimcll.' It was in constant use in the making of ' thimell- 
pie ' or ' thimmy-pie,' the dame of the little schools then common 
in nil villages using her thimble a great iron one upon the 
children's heads when punishment was necessary, N. CfQ. (1890) 
7th S. ix. 95. nw.Der. 1 , n.Lln. 1 , War. 8 , O*f.' JUS. add., Brks. 1 
nw.Dev. 1 I'll gie 'ee thimble-pie dreckly, if thee dis'n behave the- 
zeP. (3) Der. The dame of the little schools then common in all 
villages using her thimble a great iron one upon the children's 
heads when punishment was necessary. This was called ' thimell- 
pie making,' and the operation was much dreaded, .A/. cVQ. (1890) 
7th S. ix. 95. (4) Nhb. 1 could na settle tae stitchin' an' thimmel- 
wark like an' auld-wife, JONES Nhb. (1871) 19. 
2. The foxglove, Digitalis purpurea. Wtf. (B. & H.), 
Cum. 14 8. The sea-campion, Silent maritima. e.An. 
(B. & H.) 4. pi. The harebell, Campanula rotundifolia. 
Sc. (JAM.) n.Sc. (*&., s.v. Witch-bells). Lth. Foxgloves, blue- 
bells, thimmels, an' spinks, LUMSDEN Sheep-head (.1892) 145. Glo. 1 , 
Wil. 1 

6. The iron socket in which any pivot turns ; the ring of 
a gate-hook on which the gate turns. 

Ch.' Midi. WRIGHT. Stf.' Lei. 1 The ring which receives the 
hook in the hinge of a gate, having two clamps or wings which 
clip or go round the wood. Without these last, and when the 
ring is only at the end of a spike which runs into the wood of the 
gate, it is called a ' band,' ' hooks ' and ' bands,' but ' gate-hooks ' 
and 'thimbles' War. 3 

6. The socket into which a bolt shoots. Chs. 1 7. v. 
To insert a stone between the axle-tree and the inside of 
a wheel. Dur. GIBSON Up-Weardale Gl. (1870). 

THIMMERLY, THIMMY, see Tymerly, Thimble. 

THIN, adj., sb. and v. Van dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. Also in form tin Sh.I. [bin.] 1. adj. In comb. 
(i) Thin cake, see below ; (2) -chopped, small-faced ; (3) 
drink, small beer ; (4) fur or furrow, (a) a shallow 
furrow; (b) to plough land with a shallow furrow; (5) 
land, land having very shallow soil ; (6) ncse, a nose 
keenly susceptible to smells ; (7) -nosed, keen-scented ; 
(8) pikeing, poor living; (9) -skinned, of land : having 
a thin surface-soil. 

(l) Wm. A cake baked on a girdle (B.K.). w.Ylw. Cake made 
from ordinary dough without any fruit or preserves. ' What hev 
weferbreckfast?" 'Thin cake and bacon' ((*.) (a) Cum. The thin- 
chop'd, hawf-neak'd beggars, GJLPIN Ballads (1874) 175. (3) 
N.Cy. 1 , w.Yks. 1 .Cy. GROSE (1700). (4, ) Mid. Then ploughed 
these ashes in with a very thin furrow (.to avoid bringing up to 
the surface the wietched subsoil), MIDDLE-TON Agric. (1798) iaa. 
(A) n.Lin. 1 I thin furr'd them seeds fur wheat e'steSd o' breakin 
'em up, an' ther' wasn't hairf a crop. (5) n.Lln. 1 (6) Cum. 
(E.W.P.) Wm. He's a gay thin nooaze when ther's owt ta eat 
stirrin' (B K.). w.Yks. Shoe said I'd a thin nose, and ah 'ed a thin 
nose to smell a dirtiness like that (F.P.T.). (7) w.Yks. Leeds Men. 
Suppl. (Jan. a8, 1899). (8) w.Yks. (J.W.) s.Lan. 1 It's bin thin- 
pikein' at eawr heawse o' lat'. (9) s.Chs. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , Snf. 1 

2. Phr. (i) thin of clothes, scantily clothed ; (2) to be thin 
ft kit, to break one's word or engagement ; (3) to make 
thin linings, of the wind : to be cold and piercing ; lit. to 
make one's clothes feel thin. 

(i) Dmti. The poor wha're thin o' claise, And pining in starvation, 
TAYLOR Poems (18371 9. (a) w.Yks. SCATCHERD Hist. Morley 
(1830) Gl. ; w.Yks.* (s.v. Runs-thin). (3) Chs. 1 , s.Chs > 

3. Few, scarce. 

Frf. John Tamson's bairns ah! whaur are they ? Amangusnoo 
they're grown sae thin That ye micht search frae Tweed to Spey ony trace o' them ye fin', WATT Poet. Sketches (1880) 73. 
Lnk. Originals hae now worn thin, WATSON Poems (1853} ao. 

4. Of the wind or weather: cold, keen, piercing. 

Ir. BARLOW East unto West (1898) 3J5 ; During a cold easterly 
wind the clay is said to be thin, Fit-Lore Rtc. (1881) IV. 106. 
w.Yk. 2 Chs. 1 One frequently hears it said, ' My word ! but it's 
a thin wind this morning ; it'll go through you before it'll go round 
you.' s.Chs. 1 Der. The wind blows thin, it's in the East (H.R.). 
s.Wor. The wind blows thin (H.K.). 
. 6. sb. In phr. the thin of the side, the waist. 

Sh.I. Yon pain at shii gits i' da tin o' her side is gaein ta finish 
her, Sh. News ^Oct. 5, 1901) ; (J.S.) 
6. v. To lessen in numbers ; to diminish. 

Sh.1. Dis ill wadder 'ill tin da sheep, i.e. kill them (J.S.). Edb. 
They 're Satan's traps To thin the Kirk, L.EARMONTPo*(i79i)44. 

7. To pick out the bones offish. 

Sh.I. 'lo tin a fish head (J.S.); S. ft Ork. 1 To pick the bones 
out of the boiled heads of fish and collect the fleshy parts. 

THIN, see Then, adv., conj. 

THINDER, see Thonder, Thunder. 

THINE'S, pass. pron. Sh.I. In forms dine's, dyns S. 
ctOrk. 1 Thine. 

I saw Robbie Broon, yon chum o' dine's, HANSON Aim. (1900) 
135 ; S. & Ork. 1 

THING, sb. Var. dial, uses in Sc. and Eng. Also in 
form ting Sh.I. [|>in.] 1. In phr. (i) a bonnie thing, a 
fine state of affairs ; used iron. ; (2) a thing and a half, 
a term applied to a conceited person, as indicative of the 
value he sets upon himself; (3) a wee thing, somewhat; 
just a little ; (^) Davie do a' things, a Jack of all trades ; 
(5) John A'thtngs 1 shop, the general shop of a village or 
small town ; (6) no great things, of little worth ; nothing 
to boast of; see Great, 8 (4) ; (7) no the thing, not what it 
should be ; of a person : not what he pretends to be ; (8) 
the thing on it, the crucial point, the difficulty of the 
whole matter ; the pith or marrow of anything ; (9) thing 
of nothing or of nought, a trifle, next to nothing; (10) up 
the thing, 'up to the mark,' well in health. 

(i) Cld. A bonnie thing, that I man pay fort a' (JAM.), (a) 
n.Yks. 2 (3) Per. A wee thingie quiet, maybe, IAN MACLAREN 
Brier Bush (1895) 34. Fif. If he had a wee thing mair confidence 
in himsel' it would be better for him, ROBERTSON Provost ( 1894) 
66. e.Lth. I thocht his voice sounded a wee thing shaky, HUNTER 
J. Imuicb (18951 35. (4) Sc. (A.W.) (5) Slg. John A'things' 
shop was the place for gear, For everything you'd mention, 
FERGUSSON Village ( 1 893) 43. (6) Sc. My-hospitality ... is nae 
gryte things in itself. Modern Athens, 1 10 (JAM. ). Cai. 1 He's nae 
great things. (7) Sc. That's no the thing. I doubt he's no the 
thing (JAM.). (8) Nrf. To be brief the thing on't is this here, 
COZENS-HARDY Broad Nrf. (1893) 40; (M.C.H.B.) (9; Cnm. 1 * 
n.Yks. 2 They gat it for a thing o' nowt [bought it ... for next 
to noihing]. e.Yks. 1 Ah bowt that stee for a thing-o'-nowt, MS. 
add. (T.H.) Chs. 1 He bought a lot o' taters for his cows, and got 
'em for a thing o' nothing. nw.Der. 1 (10) Dev. Jan, this here ol' 
sow baint lookin' up the thing, FORD Larramys (1897) 5. 

2. Used in a depreciatory sense of a person or thing. 

Sh.I. Da taen a fail'd body o' a man an' da tidder a ting o' a 
lass, Sh. News (Aug. 37, 1898). w.Yks. (J.W.) Not. Spilt it? 
Yo thing! All the milkt What next I wunner? PRIOR Forest 
Fit. (1901)337. w.Som. 1 A bad tool is [u rig'lur dhing-], with 
much emphasis in all cases on ' dhing.' Tiid'-n noa yiie's vur tu 
maek dhing'z, dhai wud'n buy um [It is no use to make things 
(i. e. bad articles), they would not buy them], A drunken woman 
is [u puurdee oa'l dhing']. I never heard the word applied to a 
man, but very often to a horse. Dhee-s u-gau't u dhing 1 naew, 
shoa-ur nuuf- [Thee hast got a tiling now, sure enough], is a very 
common expression. 

8. A gamekeepers' word : ground vermin. 

w.Som. 1 ' I've a-Iost a lot o' birds way thick there thing." Said 
of a fox. ' How we have a-bin a-tcrrified way [dhing-z] the 
last vortnight ; we've a killed up a dizen stoats and varies.' 
Complaining of not finding game in a favourite spot, I was told, 
'They zess 'tis the [dhing'z J things have a-killed it, but I knows 
better'n that.' 

4. A term of endearment for a child or girl ; esp. in phr. 
tny ain thing. 

Sc. (JAM.) Per. I ken the precious things at hame Are thinkin' 
upon me, NICOLL Poems (ed. 1843) 87. Ayr. She's a bit braw 
takin' lass yon, and a wise-spoken thing forbye, SERVICE Dr. 
Duguid (ed. 1887) 103. Lnk. Whan thou art my ain thing, O I 
will love thee, I will love thee, BLACK falls of Clyde (.1806) i6a. 
Lth. Saw ye my wee thing? Saw ye mine ain thing? Saw ye 
my true love down on yon lea? MACNEILL Poet. Wks. (1801) 83, 
ed. 1856. Dev. Kitty Combe or Betty Butt, an' all they other 
purty things, SALMON Ballads (1899) OI - 

5. Used with the def. art. to express great approbation. 
Sc. Aye, that's the thing (JAM.). n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) w.Som. 1 

So you'll come too ; that's the thing. Nif mother 11 let us come, 
'twill be the very thing. Thick there maid's the thing vor me. 

6. With the rel. pron. : that ; those. 

Abd. Send me mair bukes ; I've read the thing that I hae (JAM.). 

7. An amount, quantity, number; gen. with intensive adj. 
Bnff. 1 With the adjectives 'unco,' 'gey,' 'awfou.' Abd. 

ondeemas thing o' siller, ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) x. w.Sc. 

N 2 




What an awfu' thing o' port the doctor drank yon day, CARRICK 
Laird of Logan (1835) 131. 

8. pi. Cattle, sheep, live stock. 

s.Chs. 1 His last duty at night is to 'look his things.' nXin. 
hev to stir my sen ; me an' that lad hes oher sixty things to do 
ivery day as is. Hrf. 2 Meaty things. Oxf. 1 Sar all the things, 
but dwun't gi" they thar pigs n' moor cabbage stoms. w.Som. 1 
This noun of multitude always has a singular construction. ' Any- 
body wid be a fool vor to keep a passle o' things and starve it.' 
Dev. I'll sit down wishin' glide fortune to all at Endicott's fields, 
an'things. an'fo!k,PHiLLpoTrs5oso/'^/of/ J g'(i9oo) 90. nw.Dev. 1 

9. pi. Ghostly appearances. 

Brks. The more elastic term ' Sum mat ' or ' Things' is preferred 
[to ' ghost '], as being less personal, and covering spiritual 
appearances of any shape and size, Spectator (Feb. 15, 1902). 

THINGAM, see Thingum. 

THING-A-ME-TOY, S b. Yks. War. Oxf. Also in 

forms -tight Oxf. ; -am-te-toy w.Yks. 5 ; -em-ti-toy n.Yks. 
[krrpmitoi.] 1. A word used when the name of the 
person or thing referred to is forgotten or unknown ; 
a curious article, esp. one of unknown use and little value ; 
a person of small account. 

n.Yks. What soort ov a thingemtitoy's that ta's gitten hod on, 
predha? A niver so sike a thingemtitoy as that i mi life. What's 
ta gain to mack ov a thingemtitoy like that, a wundr? (W.H.) 
w.Yks. Miss Thing a-me-toy, BANKS Wkfld. Wds. (1865) ; w.Yks.s 
What sort'n a thing am te-toy's that? Thing-am-te-toys o' awal 
soarts. Oxf. (G.O.) 
2. A foolish act. War. (J.R.W.) 

THINGAMTIJIG, sb. Yks. [bi-rjamtidgig.] A dial, 
form of ' thingamejig.' 

w.Yks. Side that tliingamtijig aht t'gate, Leeds Merc. Suppl. 
(Jan. 28, 1899) ; Common (J.W.). 

THINGAMY, sb. Cum. Wil. Dev.. Also written thing- 
ammy Cum. 1 [bi-rpmi.] A contemptuous expression 
for a worthless person or thing. 

Cum. 1 What is yon daft thingammy about? Cum. 4 Wil. SLOW 
Gl. (1892). Dev. Tha thingamy [a crinoline^ stared hur irt bang 
in tha veace, NATHAN HOGG Poet. Lett. (ed. 1866) and S. 14. 

THINGEMTY-THANGEMTY, sb. Dur. ' Thingum- 

Gan on wu the stooery, aboot t'Egyptian thingemly-thangemty, 
EGGLESTONE Betty Podtins' Lett. (1877) 7- 

THINGIMENT, sb. Cai. 1 [bi'rjimant.] Something the 
name of which is unknown or forgotten. 

THING-O-WOLD, sb. e.Yks. 1 A paltry, insignificant 

Ah wadn't demeean mysen by heven owt te deeah wl sike a 
thing-o-wold as thoo. 

THINGUM, sb. Sc. Cum. Yks. I.Ma. Also written 
thingam w.Yks. 5 ; thingem Yks. [bi-rjam.] 1. A non- 
descript article ; esp. used of a person or thing whose 
name is unjcnown or forgotten. 

Elg. I countit the paper ower to thingum the draper, TESTER 
Poems (1865) 144. w.Yks. Ther wor a long thingum 'at aw tuk 
to be a piece o' stooav pipe, HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1878) 19. 
2. Comb, (i) Thingum-bob, (2) -dairie, (3) -magee, (4) 
stick, (5) -ti-bob, a knick-knack; a useless, trifling 
article ; something the name of which is unknown or 

(i) Cum. 1 , w.Yks. (a) Bnff. 1 (3) I.Ma. Your face as bright 
as a thingummagee, BROWN Witch (1889) 44. (4) w.Yks. 2 (5) 
n.Yks. (W. H.) w.Yks. A gurt heigh wooden thingemtibob, somat 
like a wardrobe, Saunterer's Satchel (1881) 29- w.Yks. 3 

THINK, v. and sb. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and 
Amer. [birjk.] I. v . Dial, forms. 1. Preterite: (i) 
Thate, (a) Thinked, (3) Thoat, (4) Thocht, (5) Thoft, (6 
Thort, (7) Thot, (8) Thoucht, (9) Thoughten, do) Thout, 
(ii) Thowcht, (12) Thcwt, (13) Thowte, (14) Thunk. 

(i) Brks. 1 (a) Brks. I was on piquet duty an' I thinked of you 
HAYDEN Roundour VUl. (1901^ 209. (3) Dev. All the maids wuz 
mad on Cureit Thoat'n sich a purty thing, SALMON Ballads 
(1899) 75. (4) Sc. (JAM.) ; I aye thocht ye had a wull o' yer ain 
KEITH Indian Uncle (1896) n. Cai. 1 Frf. She thocht I was ower 
glib, BARRIE Minister (1891) vii. Ayr. He thocht it was gaun to be 
a real enterteenin ane, SERVICE Notandums ( 1890) 5. n.Ir. Yin 
Christmas Day a thocht a wad gang tae Bilfast, LYTTLE Paddy 
McQuillan, 9. (5) Ken. (G.B.), Ken.' s.Dev. I thoft ee'd be home 

hours agone, Longmans Mag. (1901) 47. Cor. 1 I thoft it was 
you. (6) Yks. I thort of you all the journey, DYKE Craiktrees 

(1897) 156. n.Dev. Why es thort you coudent a vort zo, Exm. 
Crtshp. (1746) 1. 333. [Amer. I sorter thort that nothin a'most 
would tempt me, SAM SLICK Clockmaker (1836) 3rd S. iii. ] (7) 
Cor. I thot you'd be reckoning I waddun comin' no more, PHILL- 
POTTS Prophets (1897) 79. [Amer. I thot it wasn't safe to go 
mailin' letters, LLOYD Chronic Loafer (1901) 13.] (8) Abd. 
WILLIAMS Fairmer's Tint Laddie (1900) St. a. (9) Shr. 1 Inirod. 
55. (10) Nhb. 1 Wm. I thout tae sell it, WHEELER Dial. (1791) 
H2, ed. 1821. nLln. (E.P.) (n) Sc. MURRAY Dial. (1873 ^ 208. 
(12) Nhb. I thowt he looked a bit uncanny myseF, RHYS Fiddler 
ofCarne (1896) 27. Dur. We thowt, as he'd distinguished hissel, 
GUTHRIE Kilty Fagan (1900) 26. Cam. I thowt I'd bidden you 
good bye, GWORDIE GREENUP Anudder Batch (1873) 3. Win. He 
thowt ye were goin' for to bang the lad, OLLIVANT Owd Bob 

(1898) 19. n.Yks. He thowt 'at he knew, TWEDDELL Clevel. 
Rhymes (1875) 60 ; n.Yks., e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. Th' doctor thowt he 
war shamming, SUTCLIFFE Moor and Fell (1899) 12. Lan. We'n 
thowt o' sendin' him t" th' cotton fact'ry, BANKS Manch. Man 
(1876) viii. s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 85. Der. Hoo thowt more on 
him nor most women thii.k o' their husbands, GILCHRIST Willow- 
brake (1898) 74. Lin. I thowt to mysen, TENNYSON Spinster's 
Sweet-arts (1885) St. 18. Nrf. COZENS-HARDY Broad Nrf. (1893) 
35. s.Hmp. I thowt as it weren't for nowt as I heerd the old ash- 
tree a-groaning, VERNEY L. Lisle (1870) III. 37. (13") Cum. 3 I 
niver thowte he wad finnd owte on t'fells, a. w.Yks. 1 1 lile thowte 
at thou . . . wad ha' been sike a daft fonlin, ii. 302. (14) m.Yks. 1 
Introd. 43. 

2. Pp. : (i)Thart,(2)Thinken,(3)Thocht,(4)Thochten, 
(5) Thoft, (6) Thoughted, (7) Thoughten, (8) Thout, (9) 
Thouten, (10) Thowcht, (n) Thowt, (12) Thowten. (13) 

(i) w.Cy. Who ever'd ha' thart o' doin" sich a thing ? Longman's 
Mag. (Nov. 1897) 10. (a) e.Yks. 1 (3) Sc. (JAM. Suppl.}, Cai. 1 
Abd. Fa cud 'a thocht it? ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) ii. Rxb. 
Ye should hae thocht o' sic things afore, DIBDIN Border Life 
(1897) 163. n.Ir. You'd have thocht 'twas the devil gone mad, 
Lays and Leg. (1884") 7. (4) Kcb. Ye wud V wus 
craws, TROTTER Gall. Gossip (1901") 377. (5) Cor. I wur thoft to 
be pretty 'cute, J. TRENOODLE Spec. Dial. (1846) 13. (6) Cai. 
If ye're mindit tae pit aff yer coat, for am thoughtit the day will 
be het, e'en throw it in there, M C L,ENNAN Peas. Life (1871) II. 30. 
Dor. It was thoughted worthy of being recorded in history, HARDY 
Laodicean (1881) bk. i. iv. Dev. 'Twas never thoughted that the 
stuff would work so bad, Reports Provinc. (1882). (7) Shr. 1 
Inirod. 55. (8) s.Chs. 1 85, n.Lin. (E.P.) (9) Nhb. 1 (10) Sc. 
MURRAY Dial. (1873) 208. (n) Nhb. They've aye thowt they 
were a kind o' uncanny folk, JONES Nhb. (1871) 123. Wm. Yis, 
mum, . . ya might a thowt it, WARD R. Elsmere (1888) bk. I. ii. 
w.Yks. I may be thowt a brazzened hahnd, CUDWORTH Dial. 
Sketches ^1884) 13. e.Dev. If ai mil thee out o' deur ai ked kiss 
ee an' nit be thowt laight o', PULMAN Sng. Sol. (1860) viii. i. 

(12) e.Yks 1 Ah'd thowten thoo wadn't deean owt si feealish. 

(13) m.Yks. 1 Introd. 43. 

3. Contractions : (i) Ah 'ink. n.Yks. (I.W.), e.Yks. 1 ; (2) 
I'nk, I think. e.Lan. 1 

II. Dial. uses. 1. v. In comb. Think-so, a passing 
thought, a vague suspicion. 

I.Ma. All the 'dread that I had hitherto felt was no more than a 

think-so, CAINE Deemster (1887) 253, ed. 1889. 

2. Phr. (i) nowt particular to think on, nothing of any 

importance ; (2) thought on, esteemed, respected ; (3) to 

think back on, to recall to mind ; (4) bad, to be unwilling ; 

(5) bad on a person, to think him likely to do wrong; 

(6) black, or black burning, shame, to be greatly ashamed ; 

(7) HI, see (4) ; (8) long of or on, to weary for ; to be 
long expectant of; see Long, adj. 3 (7); (9) more, to 
remember ; (10) much, (a) to care, mind ; to bear a 
grudge ; to be envious ; see Much, adj. 3 (8) ; (b) to be 
ashamed or bashful ; (ii) no other, to feel sure ; (12) - 
on a wife, to think of marrying ; (13) one on, to remind 
one; (14) one will, to like, choose; to make up one's 
mind ; esp. after when ; (15) on of, see (9) ; (16) pity 
of, to pity ; see Pity, sb. 1 (2) ; (17) scorn, obs., to scorn ; 
,18) shame, to feel ashamed ; see Shame, 1 (7) ; (19) 
sin, to feel vexed ; (20) small of oneself, to consider 
oneself of little importance; (21) summat, to think 
something is wrong; to feel offended; (22) to (with 




inf.), obsol., to think of (with prp.} ; (23) weary, to feel 
weary or bored ; (24) well, to approve, agree. 

li) se.Lin. (J.T.B.) (a) Abd. She's a muekle thocht o' 'oman, 
Jinse, ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) xv. Cum. 1 He's girtly 
thought on about heamm ; Cum. 4 , w.Yks. (J.W.) Dev. My old 
man was always so much thought on, O'NEILL Idyls (1893) la. 
(3) n.Dev. I thought back on the days us had been together, 
ZACK Dunslable Weir (1901) 231. (4) Ir. Would himself think bad 
of loanin' me the boat for half an hour may be ? BARLOW Martin's 
Com/). (1896) 86. (s)Sc.(A.W.) n.Yks. They wadn't think bad on 
himJ.W). w.Yks.(J.W.) (6)Bnff.',Cld.(jAM.) ( 7 )Lnk. Some 
wha had skill, an' a wheen whahad nane, Thocht ill to let Janet 
be lyin' her lane, WATSON Poems (1853) 33. (8) n.Yks. 1 Aye, Ah 
had begun t'think long o' you. ne.Yks. 1 Ah thowt lang o' ya 
comin'. e.Yks. 1 Noo, bayns, did ya think lang o' ma coming 
whom 1 ' n.Lln. 1 You'll think long on Mr. Jewlian letters cumin' 
fra Americaay. You've gotten here at last ; bud oh, muther, I did 
think long on yer cumin'. (9) e.Dev. BOWRING Lang. (1866) I. ai. 
(10, ' Stf. 1 s.Not. A let 'em goo cheap ; but a didn't think much, 
fora'd made such a good price o' the tothers (J.P.K.). sw Lin. 1 
They think much with me for my work. If they gi'e you owt, 
they think much with you. (A) Nhb. 1 Aa thout much, (n) n.Lln. 1 
I think no uther then 'at all Paapists is damned whativer the'r 
works maay be. sw.Lin. 1 I thought no other but what I'd come 
to my end. We thought no other but what she would ha' died. 
The horse was slape shod, and I thought no other than I should 
have had him down. (la) Rnf. Be na shy, an' trowth ! ye'se get 
me, For I'm thinkin' on a wife, PICKEN Poems (1813) I. 104. (13) 
n.Cy. GROSE (1790) Suppl. ; N.Cy. 1 Nhb. Mind think me on when 
at the toun Te get the drop black-beer, WILSON Pitman's Pay 
(1843)16. Dur. 1 , Cum. 14 Win. I'll pay the' o' Settherda if thoo'll 
think me on (J.M.). n.Yka. 2 e.Yks. 1 Think me on tl get sum 
taties, MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. 1 ; w.Yks. 2 Think me on abaht it. 
Lan.' Tha mun think-me-on to-morn. e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 Yo 
mun think me on, or I shall be sure to forget; Chs. 23 , Stf.' 
n Lin. 1 Mind you think me on aboot it, and doan't let me forget till 
you are gone. (14) n.Yks. They deea as they think they will 
(I.W.). Not. He'll pay when he thinks he will (L.C.M.). n.Lin. 1 
It's to noa ewse botherin', he'll nobbud do it when he thinks he 
will. sw.Lin. 1 He can do it reiet enough when he thinksJie will. 
She'd do it when she thought she would. She waan't if she thinks 
shewaan't. Oxf.(G.O.) (is)Sc.(A.W.) n. Yks. Think on o' that 
(I.W.). (16) N.I. 1 1 thought pity o' the chile he was that cowl. (17) 
Fif. I houp thou'lt think na scorn to take Some fashery to do richt, 
TENNANT Papistry (1837) ao. (18) Sc. (JAM.) Abd. Think shame 
o' yersel', min ! ALEXANDER A in Flk. (i88a) 174. se.Sc. Think 
nae shame the truth to tell, DONALDSON Poems (1809) 164. Ayr. 
She, honest woman, may think shame That ye're connected with 
her, BURNS Answer to Verses (1787) St. 4. Lnk. Ye micht think 
shame, THOMSON Musings (1881) 118. Rxb. For this they dinna 
think nae shame, W. WILSON Poems (1834) 13. Kcb. I thought 
perfect shame to be thinking of such things so soon, MUIR Mun- 
craig (1900) 53. N.I. 1 Think shame o' yersel', child 1 N.Cy. 1 
Nhb. 1 Wey, man, ye should think shyem ! n.Yks. 2 , w.Yks. 1 , Nhp. 1 , 
Oxf. (G.O.) Nrf. You ought to think shame o' yourself a-screechin' 
and a-moanin' there like a Methody, FORBES Odd Fish (1901) iai. 
Suf. 1 I should think shame to 'a done so. w.Som. 1 I should think 
shame of anybody belonging to me if they'd a-bin there. (19) 
Sh.I. Berry fled inunder da restin' shair yalkin, till 1 tought sin ta 
hear him, Sh. News (May 7, 1898). (ao) Abd. Na, he thouchtna 
sma' o' himsel'l MACDONALD Warlock (1882) vii. (ai) .Not. Yer 
mun speak t'im, or VII think summat (J.P.K.). (aa) Abd. He 
cudna think to see the knight, Till he sud mak' himsell mair snod 
and tight, SHIRREFS Poems (1790) 163. Ayr. O Jean fair, I lo'e 
thee dear; O canst thou think to fancy me, BUKNS There was 
a Lass, st. 10. (33) Abd. We will mairry at Whitsunday, And 
syne we'll ne'er think weary, GREIG Logie o' Buchan (1899) 118. 
(34'' Not. 1 Lei. 1 A's sent wan, an' if you think well a'll send 
another. Nhp. 1 I'll do it, if you think well. War. 8 , Hnt. (T.P.F.) 

3. Obsol. To feel, experience. 

Gall. Oinna think . . . Tho" now I wipe my face, And drop the 
heart-felt friendly tear, I think the least disgrace, LAUDERDALE 
Poems (1796; 8. 

4. To expect ; also with on. 

Frf. Ta same stirks wull putt fin she's no thinkin', LOWSON 

Guidfollow (1890) 187. w.Yks. Theaze not sa menny things here 

az yod think on, TOM TREDDLEHOYLE Trip ta Lunnan (1851) a8; 


6. To think something is wrong ; to feel hurt or offended. 

s.Not. She would think if yer corned to the town wi'out scein' 
on 'er (J.P.K.). 

6. At the end of a clause : to wonder. 
n.Sc. Fat's that, I think ? (JAM.) 

7. Used elliptically for ' to think so." 

Guern. ' Will you be able to go 1 ' '1 think ' (G.H.G.). 

8. With on : to recollect ; to bear in mind. 

Sc. It's weel laid by ; but I canna think on where I put it (JAM. 
Suppl.). N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 Aa didn't think-on. Dur. 1 , Cum. 4 , Win. 
(J.M.) n.Yks. (I.W.) ; n. Yks. 1 Noo mind and think on and coorn 
an' see us next time. ne.Yks. 1 Ah lay t'lad's clean forgot, he can 
nivver think on. e.Yks. 1 Ah didn't think on tl get it. w.Yks. 1 
I ... bensil'd her purely, to mack her think on, ii. 388 ; w.Yks. 2 * 
Lan. 1 Mi head's noan worth a rap ; aw connot think-on beawt 
[unless] aw put it deawn. ne.Lan. 1 I'se be sewer ta think on. 
m. Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 Think-on an' get mi bacca. Chs. 18 Der. 2 Think 
of it. I will if I think on. nw.Der. 1 , n-Lin. 1 , w.Wor. 1 , s.Wor. 1 
Shr. 1 I'll buy some more yarn o' Saturd'y, if I can think on (s.v. 
On). Hrf. 2 , Glo. 1 , Oxf. (G.O.) Dev. I think on the past with a 
smile and a sigh, O'NEILL Idyls (1893) loa. 

9. With/or: to intend. n.Yks. 4 Ah thowt for ti cum, 330. 

10. With up : to arrange, plan, originate. 

n.Yks. 4 It'll 'a'e ta'en a lot o thinking up, will a do leyke yon. 

11. sb. Thought, opinion ; esp. in phr. one's own think. 
Abd. He cudna but 'a hed's am think, ALEXANDER Ain Flk. 

(i88a1 309. Per. Culzie, who had always his ain think, MONTEATH 
Dunblane (1835) 37, ed. 1887. Edb. He his think to nane wad 
tell, Two Cuckolds (1796) 4. w.Yks. Av me awn think after all, 
TOM TREDDLEHOYLE Thowls (1845) n. 

THINKING, prp. and sb. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Wm. Yks. Chs. 
Der. Cor. [[bi-rjkin.] 1. prp. In phr. I'm thinking, I 

think or expect ; I feel certain. 

Sc. He is not at home, I'm thinking, MITCHELL Scotticisms 
(1799) 79. Cai. The waddin' canna gang on wi'oot ye, I'm 
thinkin', M'LENNAN Peas. Life (1871) I. 107. Dmb. Thae wee 
anes mak' it a hantle easier for daith an' me, I'm thinkin', STRANG 
Lass of Lennox (1899") 7- Avr - Hc ' s owre often '" his B'?> 1>m 
thinking, DOUGLAS Green Shutters (1901) 5. Rxb. I'm thinking 
Mary Samson '11 be in a fine fluster when she hears't, DIBDIN 
Border Life (1897) 171. Kcb. But I've tell'd ye a' this before, I'm 
thinkin', MUIR Muncraig (1900) 45. Ir. Francy's went off some- 
whercs wid his gun, after the rabbits, I'm thinkin', BARLOW 
Martin's Comp. (1896) 83. Nhb. Hoots noo, Master Josh, ah'm 
thinkin' you're laffin', Cornh. Mag. (June 1903) 763. w.Yks. 
There's waste somewheer, I'm thinking, SUTCLIFFE Shameless 
Wayne ^1900) iai. Cor. 'Tis you'm most like to be leavin' me to 
live a widderman, I'm thinkin', QuiLLER-Coucu Spanish Maid 
(1898) 39. 

2. Comp. Thinking-work, thought. 

Cor. There's more thinking-work in a picksher than you'd think 
for, LEE Cynthia, 71. 

3. sb. An opinion. 

s.Chs. 1 Yo wunna auter my thinkins. nw.Der. 1 

4. Phr. to one's thinking, in one's opinion. 

Fif. He's ower lassie-like a sodger, to my thinkin', MELDRUM 
Margredel (1894) 178. Rxb. To my thinking there's neverastyme 
to choose betwixt him and James Hepburn, HAMILTON Outlaws 
(1897) loa. Gall. Porridge . . . that is mair like hen-meat than 
decent brose forScots my thinkin', CROCKETT Lochinvar 
(1897) 71. Nhb. The chestnut at the Mains is better by at least 
ten pund to my thinkin', GRAHAM Red Scaur (1896) 261. Wm. 
Thoo's niver bin the same man to ma thinkin' since thoo'd that 
there ncwmoanin, OLLIVANT Owd Bob (1898) 73. w.Yks. I was 
reared on hard words an' haverbread, an' they both of 'em stiffen 
a chap, to my thinking, SUTCLIFFE Shameless Wayne (1900) 55. 
Der. An ounce o' good temper, lass, Ml match the best baccy 
as ever were growed, even to a man's thinking, Good Wds. 
(1881) 844. 

THINKINGLY, adv. Wor. [bi'rjkinli.] Probably, 

' Well, Tom, you've dug up some nice potatoes there ! Going 
to have them fried for supper to-night ? ' ' Thinkingly, Sir" (R.L.). 

THINKLE.s*. Shr. 1 [bi'nkl.] A dial, form of'thing- 
ful ' ; a glass- or cupful. 

"Ave a drop more drink, Dick.' ' No, thank yo', I'm gweln.' 
' Whad 'urry t Jest 'ave another thinkle.' 

THINLY, adj. and adv. Sc. Cum. 1. adj. Rather 
thin. Cum. 1 2. adv. Sparsely. 

Gall. John's groun' was thinly dyket, NICHOLSON Poet. 
(1814) 48, ed. 1897. 




THINNINGS, sb. pi. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. [Jn'ninz.] Trees 
felled to prevent overcrowding in a wood. 

Sc. (A.W.) n.Cy. HUNTER Georgical Essays (1803) II. 23. 
w.Yks. (J.W.) 

THINNISH,a#. n.Yks. 2 [Jri-niJ.] Ineotf^.Thinnish- 
deed, a salesman's expression : very little to do. 

THINNY, v. Dev. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] To whine. (HALL.) 

THINTER, see Thrinter. 

THIR, v. Obs. Dev. Also in form thear. 1. To 
frighten out of the senses ; .to hurt; to strike dead. Cf. 

dare, w. 2 

n.Dev. And vath, nifs do vail over the desk, twont thir ma, 
Exm. Crtshp. (1746) 1. 475 ; GROSE (1790). 
2. To hurry a person. n.Dev.Horae Subsecivae (1777) 430. 

THIR, dem. pron. and -dem. adj. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. 
Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. Also written ther Wm. n.Yks. 8 ; 
thirr w.Yfcs. ; thur n.Cy. Nhb. 1 Lakel. 1 Cum. 14 Wm. 
n.Yks. w.Yks. 1 ; thurr Cum. 8 ; and in forms thaur Nhb. ; 
theer e.Lan. 1 ; thoer ne.Lan. 1 ; thooar Lan.; thoor 
e.Lan. 4 ; thoore w.Dur. 1 ; thor Nhb. 1 Wm. n.Yks. 12 
m.Yks. 1 w.Yks.; thore ne.Lan.' ; thour Nhb. [tSir, Oar, 
tSur.J 1. dem. pron. These ; those. 

Sc. Thir was the Days of the Persecution, STEVENSON Catriona 
(1893) xv. se.Sc. Thir they'll roar out midst bacco-smoke, 
DONALDSON Poems (1809) 18. Ayr. I'll make a patch-work quilt 
o' thir! DOUGLAS Green Shutters (1901) 312. Edb. Waefu' times 
thir, BEATTY Secrctar (1897) 81. Rxb. Quhat dui-ye thynk o' thyr? 
MURRAY Dial. (1873) 185. n.Cy. (J.L.. 1783). Nhb. Weel pleased 
tae hear sic things as thour said aboot him, JONES Nhb. (1871) 66 ; 
Nhb. 1 What's a' thor? .Cum. 3 Creunin' away at sec bits of rhymes 
as thurr, 23. Wm. He isn't fit et be draan e thor, BRIGGS Remains 
(1825)167. n.Yks. 123 , m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. Sic trash as thor, Jabez 
Oliphant (1870) bk. in. iii. 

2. dem. adj. These, those. 

Sc. In thir present days, SCOTT Antiquary (1816) xxiv ; ' Thir' 

[has] curiously enough not penetrated beyond the Grampians, 

MURRAY Dial. (1873) 184. Abd.Andby thir presents condescended 

That he shall put in execution, MESTON Works (1723") 25. Abd., Per. 

Almost never now used in Aberdeenshire, although still in use in 

Perthshire (G.W.). Per. Here's to the health.Of thir new-married 

couple, NicoLPofms (1766) 50. s.Sc. Hilton's at the bottom o' a" 

thir stories, WILSON Tales (1836) II. i. Ayr. I've been lost amang 

thir houses for hours, G\\-TSirA. Wylie (1822") xii. Feb. Thi'r 

people (A.C.). Slk. Humbled wi' a' thir trials, HOGG Tales (1838) 

293, ed. 1866. Rxb. Yt's noa easie geattin send-ways i' thyr daerk 

days, MURRAY Dial. (1873) 185. Dmf. I write that a' thir three 

may ken, QUINN Heather (1863) 32. Gall. You an' him may baith 

lauch at thir news o' mine (J.M.). Uls. Hoo afen dae thir letters 

come? M C !LROY Craiglinnie (1900) 125. n.Cy. (Co//. L.L.B.) Nhb. 

As she spak thaur words, JONES Nhb. (1871) 115; Come here, 

Mary, an' kill thur yetts, DIXON WhittinghamVale(i&)g) 36; Nhb. 1 , 

Dur. 1 , w.Dur. 1 , Lakel. 1 Cum. Thur taxes ! thur taxes ! Lord help 

us ! Amen, ANDERSON Ballads (ed. 1808) 184 ; Thurrans at ah hed 

afooar meh noo, SARGISSON Joe Scoap (1881) 59; Cnm. 14 Wm. 

He war yan o thor fowk warDixon, ROBISON Aald Tales (i88a) 5; 

In thur days nea idle hours Cud there be spar'd at o', WHITEHEAD 

Leg. (1859) 14; Will ta put ther shun on? (B.K.) n.Yks. Thur 

cael lasts strang of reeke, MERITON Praise Ale (1684) 1. 55. 

m.Yks.' w.Yks. LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882) 285 ; w.Yks. 1 

I* thur hard times, ii. 289. Lan. Just wring thooar bits o' hippins 

through, STANDING Echoes (i885~i 20. n.Lan. Sucked up by thore 

sands, N. Lonsdale Mag. (July 1866) I. 8. ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 

[2. Lord forgif me bir angers all ! .Leg. Holy Rood, ed. 
Morris, 64.] 
THIR, see Their. 
THIRAW, sb. Irel. A hubbub. 

Don. When lie was coming near home he finds the thiraw coming 
behind him, MACMANUS Chim. Corners (1899) 202. 

THIRD, num. adj., sb. and v. Van dial, uses-in Sc. and 
Eng. Also in forms thrid Sc. ; trid Sh.I. 1. num. adj. 
In comb. Third-foot-land, obsol., grass land in which the 
ownership of the soil is vested in one person, and the 
right to the hay grown thereon in another. n.Lin. 1 

2. sb. In comb, (i) Thirds-man, obs., an arbiter between 
two ; (2) -of-kin, a relative in the third degree. 

(i) Sc. MacCallummore's blood wadna sit down wi' that ; there 
was resk of Andro Ferrara coming in thirdsman, SCOTT Midlothiat 

(1818! xxiv ; Magopico (ed. 1836^ 29. s.Sc. Ye'll never gree, Tho 
5ent-haet ye'll make o't I see ; Let me be thirds-man and I'll gie 
My mind at ance, T. SCOTT Poems (1793) 333- (2) Sh.I. Auld 
[bbie Hartley dat wis trids o' kin ta my wife's foster midder and 
jer oey, STEWART Tales (1892) 71. 

3. Phr. two part and thridd, obs., see below. 
GaH. Anciently the .quarter-staff was held ' twa-part and thridd,' 
one-third part of it beneath the hand, the other two-thirds above, 
MACTAGGART Entyd. (1824). 

4 A golf-term : a handicap of a stroke deducted every 
third hole. Sc. QAM. Suppl.) 5. pi. Coarse flour or 

rain ; seconds with a larger proportion of bran. 
Sc. A very common name given by cowfeeders to grain got 
from brewers and maltsters after 'having been used by them, 
MONTGOMERIE-FLEMING Notes on Jam. (1899). w.Yks. 2 Sharps 
are sometimes called ' thirds' (s.v. Sharps'). Lei. 1 , Nhp. 1 

6. v. Obs. To do a thing for the third time ; esp. used 
of hoeing turnips. 

Suf. ' Ar them there tahnups done woth ?' ' No, we are thirding 
em ' (HALL.). 

THIRDER, sb. Yks. Stf. Coarse flour or grain. See 
Third, 5. 

s.Yks. A chaff-cutter suffering from the persistent efforts of 
seconder or thirder to push more straw through the revolving 
wheels than even their fortitude could bear, FLETCHER Harvesters 
(ed. 1900) loo. Stf. Thirder refers to the quality of oats produced 
by the threshing-machine. There comes first good corn. Then 
a second quality known as ' seconder,' then almost valueless 

thirder ' (T.C.W.). 
THIRDLE, see Thirl, adj. 

THIRDY, adj. Yks. Also in form thoddy n.Yks. 4 ; 
thudy. [Jja'di.] A term used by children at play : third 
in order of playing ; also used subst. 

n.Yks. (R.H.H.) ; n.Yks.* Bags ah fuggy, bags ah seggy, 
thoddy, thoddy, 258. w.Yks. 3 (s.v. Furry). 

THIRL, U. 1 and sb. 1 Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Yks. 
Lan. Chs. Stf. Lin. Shr. Also written thirle Sc. Dur. 
Lin. ; thurl Cum. 14 Stf. Yks. [j>arl, {>!.] 1. v. To 
pierce, drill, perforate ; to thrill ; to vibrate, or cause to 
vibrate ; to shudder ; to tingle. Cf. dirl, tirl. 

Sc. Their valiant hearts were thirlit through Athir wi' uthir's 
spear, JAMIESON Pop. Ballads (1806) I. 245. Bch. Where now 
thy groans in dowy dens The yerd-fast sta-nes do thirle, FORBES 
Ajax (1742) 6. Dmb. Yon roof-tree, which had sae often dirled 
As Willie's gladsome voice around it thirled, SALMON Gowodean 
(1868) 27. Ayr. It thirl'd the heart-strings thro' the breast, 
BURNS Ep. to Lapraik (Apr. i, 1785) St. 3. N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , Dnr. 

(K.) Cum. Her e'en just thirl yen thro' and thro', ANDERSON 
Ballads (ed. 1808) 153; Cam. 124 , n.Yks; 2 , w.Yks. 1 ; ne.Lan.' 

Chs. Much used amongst the colliers. . . When a man has bored, 

pierced, or otherwise made an opening or connection between a 

new and old working, he is said to have thirled, Sheaf 11878) I. 02; 

Chs. 1 Lin. RAY (1691) ; Lin. 1 Shr. 1 Gaffer, we'n thirled out o' 

our Top-end into Smith's Level to-day ; Shr. 2 

Hence (i) Thirler,s6. a man whose business it is to cut 

a passage in a mine ; (2) Thirling, (a) sb. a passage-way 

in a coal-mine ; an opening for air ; (b) ppl. adj. of the 

weather : piercingly cold. 

(i) n.Stf. (J.T.) (2, a) Nhb. 1 , Stf.', n.Stf. (J.T.) (K) n.Sc. 

(JAM.) Abd. I admire Fat comes o' fok 'at's scant o' fire ; For 

really this night's thirlin', I never maist /an sic a frost, BEATTIE 

Parings (1801) 28, ed. 1873. 

2. Phr. thirl the pin, obs., slide the bolt. e.Yks. (W.H.) 

3. Obs. To pass swiftly through a passage or door; gen. 
with along. Dur., Yks. (K.) 4. To turn up, as the 
thatch of a roof by the violence of the wind. 

N.I. 1 The wun thirled the thatch las' nicht. 

5. sb. A hole ; an opening, esp. a sheep-hole in a fence ; 
a boring. 

.Cai. 1 Cnm. HUTCHINSON Hist. Cum. (1794) I. 64 ; Cum. 4 
Openings made between a pair of exploring places or drifts, for 
the purpose of ventilation. n.Yks. 'E saw a lot o' sheep, an 
wantin' to go threw a thirl at yance, an' they got the'r 'eads stuck 
(F.P.T.). Lin. 1 Fetch a nail-passer, and make a thirl through this 

6. Cotnp. (i) Thirl-hole, (a) a sheep-hole in a wall or 
fence ; (b) the hole into which the coulter of a plough is 
inserted ; (2) -pin, the pivot on which a door or gate turns. 

(i, a) n.Yks. Generally between moors and allotments (W.H.). 




(6> 1. nk. JAM. (a) Coi. 1 In the old cottages the doors had no 
hinges, but at the ' hanging side ' had a bit of hard wood affixed 
which ' played ' in hollows cut in the stone sill and lintel. The 
jamb at this side was merely to prevent draught, and at the 
'meeting' side for the same purposes as now. The name comes 
from the hollow, not from the pin or projection. 
1. A nostril. w.Yks. 1 See Nose-thyrl. 8. A thrill. 

Ayr. Yer sang . . . gied me a thirl, WHITE Joltings (1879) aa6. 
Edb. ' I kend that,' she said, with a thirl of gladness in her words r 
BEATTY Secrttar (1897^ 343. 

[1. OE.fiyrlian, to bore through, perforate, pierce, drill. 
5. f>yrel, a hole, opening, aperture (HALL).] 

THIRL, v.' and sb* Sc. Irel. n.Cy. Nhb. Cum. [fwrl.] 

1. v. To attach by some legal tie, esp. to bind by the 

terms of a lease to grind at a certain mill ; to subject to ; 

to be dependent on : also used fig. A dial, form of 

' thrall.' 

Sc. I'll no thirl myself to ony tradesman [I will not confine my 
custom to him, as if I were bound to do itj (JAM.). Cal. 1 Abd. 
A kin' o' thirled to the vera rigs, ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) 
xliv. Per. The inhabitants were not, of course, thirled to any 
particular tailor, as they used to be to a district mill, HALIBURTON 
Fields (1890) 135. e.Lth. Ye've been thirled to them a gey while 
noo, HUNTER J. Inwick (1895) 78. Gall. This brother of mine, 
whom for love 1 served forty years as a thirled labourer serves for 
his meat, CROCKETT Standard Bearer (1898) 36. Nhb. RICHARDSON 
Borderer's Table-bk. (1846) VI. 340. 

Hence (i) Heart-thirled, adj. bound by the affections ; 
(2) Thirlage, sb., obs., (a) thraldom, bondage ; the obliga- 
tion to grind corn at a particular mill ; the ' multure ' paid 
to the miller; (b) obs., a mortgage ; (3) Thirlage-man, sb., 
obs., a man bound to grind his corn at a certain mill ; (4) 
Thii ling-mill, sb. the mill to whieh the tenants of a certain 
district were bound to bring their corn. 

(l) Per. I've loved auld Scotland farowre lang, Heart-thirled till 
her, HALIBURTON Horace (1886) 93. (a, a) Sc. (JAM.) Abd. The 
service of the miller was paid by ' thirlage,' or multure, the miller 
having the right to fix the quantity, which was generally about 
five per cent, of the product milled, Abd. Wkly. Frte Press (Aug. 
18, iooo\ s.Sc. I had a bit guid property wi' a yearly rental o' 
forty inerks guid siller, forby the thirlage o' the mill o' Meldrum, 
WILSON Tales (1839) V. 133. Gall. MACTAGGART Encycl. (1834). 
N.I. 1 Thirtage [**], N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 Thirlage to this day means 
that service of certain lands, the tenants of which are bound to 
take their corn to grind at the lord's mill, HODGSON Nhb. pt. ii. III. 
149. (b) Sc. The counsel are of opinion that you should now begin 
to stir in the thirlage cause, SCOTT Redg. (1834) ii. (3) Gall. 
While the thirlage men waited for their grist, CROCKEIT Grey Man 
( 1896) xx. (4) Edb. How big a birn maun lie on bassie's back For 
meal and multure to the thirling mill, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) 
164, ed. 1785. Gall. When mills in this country were rare . . . 
a few lairds subscribed to build and uphold a mill. . . All erected 
by such compactions are thirling mills, MACTAGGART Encycl. (1834). 
Cum. WILLIAMSON Etymology (1849) 113. 
2. sb. Obs. The obligation to grind corn at a certain 
mill ; the land the tenants of which were bound by such 
obligation ; a tenant bound in that manner. 

Sc. Plaguing themselves about baron's mills and thirls, SCOTT 
Pirate (i8ai) xi. Per. Malt and meal from the mill to which he 
was ' bound thirl,' SARAH TYTLER Witch-wife (1897) 8a. 

[1 (2, a). That he put to swylk thrillage, BARBOUR Bruce 
(1375) i. ioi.] 

THIRL, adj. Som. Dev. Cor. Also written therl 
w.Cy. ; therle Dev. 1 nw.Dev. 1 ; thirle Dev. ; thurl 
w.Som. 1 Cor. as ; and in forms thirdle w.Som. 1 Dev.; 
thorl Cor. ; thorle, thurdle, thurrall Dev. [}>al ; )>;dl.j 
Of persons and animals: gaunt, lank, thin, hungry-looking; 
hungry ; of grain in the ear : empty, shrivelled. 

w.Cy. GROSE (1790). w.Som. 1 Dev. (HALL.); He was as thurrall 
as a greyhound, Reports Provinc. (1885) ; He's looking as thurdle 
aspossible.i'A. ^1887) ; Dev. 1 No wonder a look'th so therle. Wan 
a was bound out, a was a perty strugg'd boy, 15. n.Dev. Thy 
buzzom chucks were pretty vitty avore tha mad'st thyzel therle, 
Exm. Scold. (1746) 1. 73; GROSE (1790). nw.Dev. 1 Therle's a 
greyhound. Cor. Applied to a man or animal, and means that they 
are so thin that the belly and back are almost brought together, 
N. (f Q. (1854) ist S. x. 440-1 ; Cor. 1 Our horse is very thirl ; 
Cor. 2 He's looking quite thirl. I'm feeling very thirl ; Cor. 3 

Hence Thurdled, ppl. adj. meagre. 

Dev. Aw r poor blid ! 'e's a poor thurdled-stommicked theng. 
Lake's 'z'of 'e wuz Vf-starved, HEWETT Peas. Sf>. (1893). 

THIRL, THIRN, see Thorl(e, They. 

THIRS, dem. pron. Sc. Nhb. Also in form thor' 
Nhb. These. See Thir, dem. pron. 

Sc. When ' thir' is used absolutely without a noun following, 
it generally becomes 'thirs': ' Thirs is meyne,' MURRAY Dial. 
(1873) 185. Nhb. Thor's is the fem'lies o' Pharez, ROBSON Bk. 
Ruth (1860) iv. 18. 

THIRST, THIRSTLE, see Thurst, Thristle, s*. 1 

THIRSTY, adj. Sc. Yks. Dor. Dev. [J>3Tsti, J>5'sti.] 
Causing thirst. 

Fif. Slices of the thirsty ham, TENNANT Anster (1813) 83, ed. 
1871. Dmf. It's a verra thirsty thing, that saut broth, PATON 
Castlebraes (1898) 15. w.Yks. (J.W.) Dor. Thirsty wark, thik 
there fun'ral, HAKE Broken Arcs (1898) 33. e.Dev. A thirsty walk 
up and down terrible bad roads, JANE Lordship (1897) a. 

THIRT, THIRTAUVER, see Thwart, Thwartover. 

THIRTEEN, sb. Obs. Irel. Also in form thirteener. 
An English shilling which was worth thirteen Irish pence 
at the time when the two currencies were different. 

Ir. With a bold thirteen in the treasury, LOVER Handy Andy 
(1843) xiv. N.I. 1 Uls. Uls. Jrn. Arch. (1853 63) VL 361. .Ir. 
Golden guineas and lily-white thirteens, CROKER Leg. (1863) 
308. Wxf. Each pupil to pay a thirteen to himself and a tester to 
the fiddler, KENNEDY Banks Boro (1867) 133. 

THIRTINGILL, adj. Dor. Perverse, wrong-headed. 
See Thwart. 

If so be I hadn't been as scatter-brained and thirtingill as a chiel, 
HARDY Gretnwd. Tree (1873) I. 33. 

THIRTOVER, THIRZA, see Thwartover, Thutsa. 

THIS, dem. pron.. dem. adj. and adv. Var. dial, forms 
and uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. and Amer. [Sis.] I. Dial, 
forms. 1. (i) Dis, (2) Is, (3) 'S, (4) Tis, (5) Thus, (6) 
Thush, (7) Uz, (8) Z. 

(i) Sh.1. Dis aft occurs, OLLASON Martel (1901) 19 ; S. & Ork. 1 
Ker. They go dis way an' dat loike the wind, BARTRAM White- 
headed Boy (1898) 131. Ken. 1 Jntrod. 6. (a) Cal. HORNE Country- 
side (1896) 13. (3) LW. Poor Eln was terble bad 's morning, GRAY 
Annesley (1889) I. 39. Dor. 1 Al 's dae. w.Som. 1 Dev. Reports 
Provinc. (1886) 100. (4) Com. What'n manishment's 'tis, GILPIN 
Ballads (1874) 10. e.Lan. 1 Let tis be a warning. s.Lan. 1 (5) 
n.Cy. (HALL.) n. Wil. Thus yer height uz like to a palm-tree, KITE 
Sng. Sol. (1860) vii. 7. (6, 7, 8) w.Som.' 
2. Genitive : Thises, Thisis, or This's. 

w.Yks Whoses thises? (^E,B.) Lei. 1 Henry's cat roon off wi' 
her an' took to her, but shay's thisis kitlin ; ib. I loike tbis's head 
best, 37. War. 2 I like this's book best, Introd. 15. 

II. Dial. uses. \.dem.pron. Phr. (i) by this and thai, 
an expletive; (a) here, (3) here here, this one, this; 
(4) to this and to that, to and fro, hither and thither; (5) 
what's this of it? what's the meaning of this? what's the 
matter ? 

(i) Ir. By this and that, he's a whopper ! LOVER Handy Andy 
(1843) xi. (a) Sc. (A.W.) w.Yks. ' Which on 'em are to bahn to 
use ? ' ' This here 'at Ah hev ho'd on,' Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Jan. a8, 
1899). e.Lan. 1 , Not. 1 n Lin. 1 Put thishere i'to th' pantry, an' fling 
that theare i'to th' swill-bucket. Lei. 1 , War. 23 , Shr. 1 50. Brks. 
This year be on'y filthy lucre, HAYDEN Round our yill, (1901) 39. 
e.An. 2 Nrf. This here be my beloved, GILLETTS^. Sol. (1860) v. 
16. n.Wil. Dest about some ripping good ale, this yer, JEFFERIES 
Amaryllis (1887) 179. Som. They'll lift their eyes to look up to a 
wold mill like this-here, RAYMOND Smoke, 148. [Amer. This 
hyeh's the bigges' meal I ever straddled, Fox Vendetta 1,1900) 81.] 
(3) w.Som. 1 What'sall this here here about > (4) n.Dev. Swingy to 
this and to that till 'twas giddy work keeping count o' they, ZACK 
Dunstable Weir (1901) 193. (5) Sc. What's this o't now, Mr. 
Sampson! this is waur than ever! SCOTT Guy M. (1815) xlvii. 
Per. ' What's this of it, Sibbie !' he called out wrathfully, SARAH 
TYTLER Witch-wife (1897) 48. Arg. Mercy on us! what's this of 
it ? MUNRO Shoes of Fort. (1901) 379. 

2. Comp. This-ward, in this direction, this way. 

Som. Gods good angels coom this-ward in a many different 
forms ! LEITH Lemon VerLena (1895) 179. 

3. This person, he. 

s Lan. 1 His feyther would no' ha' stood sighin' an' yammerin' 
as this does. 




4. This time. 

Sh.I. Whaar's du been aa dis? SPENCE Flk-Lore (1899) 23. 

5. dem. adj. These. 

n Sc. This things, Scoticistns (1787) 93; MURRAY Dial. (1873) 184. 

6. Used with sing: or pi. nouns denoting time : for, for 
the space of. 

Per. Ye'se no wag yer pow in a poopit this mony a day, 
CLELAND Inchbracken (1883) 107, ed. 1887. n.Cy., w.Yks. (J.W.) 
e.Lan. 1 It has rained every day this three weeks. s.Lan. 1 Aw 
hannot yerd owt on him this four yer. Glo. 1 I haven't seen him 
this years. w.Som. 1 Aay bae'un kau-meen au'm-z wik- [I be not 
coming home this week i.e. for a week]. Aay aa-nt u-zee'd-n-z 
tue- ur dree- daiz [I have not seen him these two or three days]. 
Dev. He've a-worked to Woodgate in and out 's ten year, Reports 
Provinc. (1886) 100. 

7. Phr. (i) this-a-road or thissa road, (2) a-way(s, 
away(s, or thissa-way, this way, this direction ; this 
manner ; gen. used advb. ; (3) gate(s, thus, in this way ; 

(4) here, this ; (5) here away or here way, this way, in 
this direction ; (6) how, see (3) ; (7) now, just now ; 
(8) side, less than; (9) time, at present; see below; 
(10) while (back, some time ago, for some time. 

(i) s.Clis.' 70. (a) Ir. He went on thissa way for em ever so 
long (A.S.-P.). s.Ir. Don't ruinate me this-a way, LOVER Leg. 
(1848) II. 322. w.Yks. 1 s.Chs. 1 Thissa way, 70. Not. 1 s.Not. 
He just touched the hoss with the whip on th' off side agen the 
collar to mek 'im tunn this-away (J.P.K.). n. Lin. 1 Thoo should 
do it e' this-a-ways, sitha, not e' that how. sw.Lin. 1 It's a mucky 
trick to serve a man this-a-way. Rut. 1 Lei. 1 Sane ivver a little 
doog this-awee ? War. 23 Wor. It be a lot nigher this away 
(H.K.). (3) Cum. 14 Cnin., Wm. NICOLSON (1677) Trans. R. 
Soc. Lit. (1868) IX. ne.Lan.i (4) w.Yks. I'll tell yo' a stooary 
abaat him an' this here church, HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1887) 9, in 
Leeds Merc. Suf pi. 'Jan. 28, 1899) ; >is iar as wonts a lot 3 tlisnin, 
WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 124. Lan. This here 'titus is awful 
when it gets a real hold on ye, FRANCIS Yeoman Fleetwood (ed. 1900) 
314. s.Lan. 'This-here ale's noan wo'thbally-reawm. s.Chs. l This 
here cai dunna doe upo' th' same meat as that theer, 70. Der. 
He'll niver stir out o' this here beast o'a wood a' his days, OUIDA 
Puck (ed. 1901) v. nw.Der. 1 , Lin. 1 , se.Lin.(J.T.B.) War. 2 Introd. 
15. Brks. 1 7. Lon. This here thing, Horae Subsecivae (1777) 4. 
Cmb. 1 This-here bread's as sad as lead. Nrf. (E.M.) Suf. There's 
no other thief in this here company that I knows on, BF.THAM- 
EUWARDS Lord of Harvest (1899) 250. Ken. 1 That there man was 
a sittin' on this-'ere wery chair. Sur. It'll never drain so dip as 
that through this here clay, HOSKYNS Talfa (1852) 18, ed. 1857; 
Sur. 1 Dor. Us never seed un leave this here kitchen, HARE As 
We Sow (1897) 154. Som. You don't hold wi' this here putten 
all the power into the han's o" Popery, do ee ? RAYMOND Love and 
Quiet Life (1894) 46. w.Som. 1 ' Dhush- yuur.' This indefinite. 
Dhush- yuur uyur oa-n due- ; ee mus bee u-au'lturd [This iron 
will not do ; he must be altered]. The use of this phrase, not as 
an actual demonstrative, is quite common, and implies something 
new, as 'They tell me this here perforated sine is better'n lattin.' 
' This here mowing o' wheat idn a quarter so good's the old- 
farshin reapin.' Dev. Now this yer chap all smart was dressed, 
PULMAN Sketches (1842) 12, ed. 1853. Cor. Werry too, Weth 
ritin 1 this here noat to you, DANIEL Budget, 29. [Amer. This yer 
mountain's too good for such as us, BRADLEY Virginia (1897) 149.] 

(5) n.Lin. 1 I can't saay wheare he is, bud he's sumwheare this 
here awaay. [Ainer. Z>ia/. Notes (i8g6) I. 237.] (6) w.Yks. (J.W.) 
Not. You see he war standing a this-how ^L.C.M.). s.Not. How 
ever did yer dirty yersen this 'ow? (J.P.K.) sw.Lin. 1 When I 
put my leg this how. 1,7) Ir. Where I'm resting this now, BARLOW 
Ghost-bereft (1901) 55. (8) Ess. 1 A mile this side. (9) w.Yks. 
(J.W.) Chs. 1 'Not this time, thank you,' the usual way of declining 
to take any more food at meal times. (10) s.Sc. 1 hae been 
thinkin o' something very particular concerning you and me 
this while back, WILSON Tales (1839) V. 84. Ayr. This while ye 
hae been mony a gate, BURNS Death and Dr. Hornbook, st. n ; 
Ye've heard this while how I've been licket, ib. Poem to Mr. 
Mitchell (Dec. 1795) st. 5. 

8. adv. So. 

Ir. Whatever brought you this far? BARLOW Shamrock (1901) 
57. n.Yks. About this high (I.W.). w.Yks. 'J.W.), War." 

THISAN, THISELN, see Thisn, Thysen. 

THISEN, THISENEY, see This, Thisneys. 

THISHNEYS, TH1SM, see Thisneys, Thissum. 

THISN, dem. pron. n.Cy. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. Der. 
Not. War. .Wor. Hrf. Sur. Also written thisan n.Cy. 

Cum. 4 ; thisen ne.Lan. 1 ; thissan n.Lan. ; thissen n.Yks. 2 
w.Yks. Der. se.Wor. 1 ; thissun Wm. Hrf. ; this un Cum. ; 
thisun Sur. ; and in form tis'n Cum. 1 [tSi'san.] This, 
this one. Cf. thatn. 

n.Cy. (HALL.), Lakel. 2 Cum. Send me a tail for thisan, 
DICKINSON Cumbr. (ed. 1876) 60; This un t'lads uset to caw 
t'lang walloper, W. C. T. X. (1894) 18 ; Cum.i ; Cnm. 4 Pref. 28. 
Wm. In a neeak sic ez thissun, Spec. Dial. (1880) pt. ii. 29. 
n.Yks. 2 w.Yks. Wheea's thissen 'at cums eouet o' 't wilderness ? 
LITTLEDALE Crav. Sng. Sol. (1859) iii. 6. n.Lan. We sud put off 
thissan, Lonsdale Mag. (July 1866) 18. ne.Lan. 1 Der. I'd niver 
heard tell o' thissen, VERNEY Stone Edge (1868 xxv; Az fur az 
this'n, ROBINSON Sammy Twilcher (1870) 8. Not Thisn's a nice- 
actioned pretty little mouse, PRIOR Forest Flk. (1901) 94. s.Not. 
'E wanted this'n (J.P.K.). War. 2 , se.Wor. 1 Hrf. BOUND Provinc. 
(1876); Hrf. 1 Sur. I'd give it ye for being late loike thisun, 
BICKLEY Sur. Hills (1890) I. i. 

THISNA, dem. pron. and adv. Yks. Also written 
thisne w.Yks. 1 [tSrsna.] j. dem. pron. This, this one. 
n.Yks. 2 2. adv. After this manner. w.Yks. 1 

THISNESS, sb. e.An. 1 [tJi'snas.] This way, this 
manner; also used advb. SeeAthisn(s; cf. thatness. 

THISNEYS, adv. e.An. Also in forms thiseney 
e.An. 1 ; thishneys e.An. 2 [tSi'sani.] Thus, so, in this way. 
e.An. 1 ' Suf. RAVEN Hist. Suf. (1895) 266. Cf. thatna. 

THISN(S, adv. n.Cy. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Lei. Nhp. 
War. Shr. e.An. Also written thissen Lan. 1 nw.Der.' ; 
thissens Lan. 1 nw.Der. 1 ; and in form i'this'ns s.Lan. 1 
[t5i'san(z.] In this way, in this manner, so. See Athisn(s ; 
cf. thtitni s, thusns. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (M.) Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs.'s, Der. 
(L.W.), nw.Der. 1 , Not. 1 , Lei. 1 , Nhp. 1 , War. 23 , Shr. 12 , e.An. 1 

THISSEN, see Thisn, Thisn(s, Thysen. 

THISSUM, dem. pron. Glo. Hmp. w.Cy. Wil. Also 
written thism Glo. 2 [tSi-sam.] 1. This. 

Glo. 12 Hmp. WISE New Forest (1883) 190; Hmp. 1 w.Cy. 
(HALL.) Wil. BRITTON Beauties (1825) ; Wil. 1 (s.v. Pronouns). 
2. These. Glo. 2 15. 

THISTERDAY, adv. s.Chs. 1 In form thisterdee. 
[tSistadi.] Yesterday. 

22 ; We won o' the randy thisterdee (s.v. Randy). 

THISTLE, sb. Var. dial, uses in Sc. and Eng. Also 
in form thizzel I.W. 1 [bi'sl.] 1. In comp. (i) Thistle- 
burr, a thistle-head; (2) -cock, the corn-bunting, Emberisa 
miliaria; (3) -finch, the goldfinch, Carduelis elegans; (4) 
hemp, obs., a var. of hemp which was early ripe ; (5) 
hook, a hook for cutting down thistles; (6) -puke, a 
donkey; (7) -spitter, an instrument with which to root 
up thistles ; (8) -take, obs., a duty paid to the Lord of the 
Manor; see below; (9) -top, thistledown. 

(i) w.Yks. Th' name, ye'll mark, stuck to him like a thistle-burr, 
SUTCLIFFE Moor and Fell (1899) 13. (2) Or.I. SWAINSON Birds 
(1885) 69 ; S. & Ork. 1 (3) Slg. From its fondness for thistle seeds, 
SWAINSON ib. 58. w.Wor. Berrow'sjrit. (Mar. 3, 1 888). Nrf. COZENS- 
HARDY Broad Nrf. (1893) 51. (4) n.Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. add. 
(P.) Der. 1 (5) Nhb. Wielding such elegant tools as a fork, thistle- 
hook, or a hoe, GRAHAM Red Scaur (1896) 173. (6) Sur. You do 
not catch the asinus harmonious, grass-organ, thistle puke, or 
besweet all these names are given to that animal in our rural 
district eating thistles when he can get better food, SON OF 
MARSHES On Sur. Hills (1891) 24. (7) I.W. 1 (8) Chs. A duty of 
a half-penny, antiently paid to the Lord of the Manour of Halton 
. . . for every beast driven over the common, suffered to graze or 
eat but a thistle, BAILEY (1721); Chs.' In 1375 there was an 
officer called the taxator, who was to take an account of the swine 
feeding in the lord's woods, and to receive the pannage due for 
them. This year the sums received for pannage, thistle take, 
and the perquisites of the halmote were twenty-two pence for 
the pannage and thistle-take, and thirteen shillings and three 
pence for the Court perquisites ; Chs. 23 (9) Dmf. The saft thistle- 
tap lines the gowdspink s ha', CROMEK Remains (1810) 113. 
2. The burdock, Arclium Lappa. Dev.* 

THISTRILL, THITE, see Taistrel, Theat, adj. 

TER, sb. 1 Lin. A manure-cart. (HALL.), Lin. 1 

THITER, sb. 12 n.Cy. [Not known to our correspon- 
dents.] A foolish fellow ; an idiot. (HALL.) 

THITHER, adv. Obs. n.Yks 2 Further off. Hence 
Thitherest, adv. furthest off. 




THITTING, sb. Lin. [bi'tin.] An unpleasant story 
concerning a person, not told but held over him as 
a threat. n.Llo. It was a thitting I alus lield ower him M.R . 

THIVEL, sb. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Lakel. Yks. Lan. Also 
written theivil Sc. (JAM.) ; thivle Dur. 1 ; thyvel Dur. 
Lakel. 1 Cum. 184 Win. w.Yks. ; thyvil Wm. ; and in forms 
theevil Sc. ; thevil, thieval Frf. ; thivvle m.Yks. 1 
[bai'vl ; J>i'vl, brvl.] 1. A smooth stick or spatula, used 
to stir porridge, &c. See Thible. 

Sc., n.Sc. (JAM.) Abd. Soup ladles and theevils, OGG Willie 
Waly (1873) 60; The thivel on the pottage pan, Ross Heltnort 
(1768) Sng. 393, ed. Nimmo. Frf. The staff was very short, nearly 
a foot having been cut, . . from the original, of which to make a 
porridge thieval, BARDIE Thrums (1895) vi ; Her ladle was a 
skull, . . A shank her thevil too, LOWSON Guidfollow (1890^ 333. 
e.Fif. Ye'll may be get a blenter i" the side o" the head wi' the 
theevil, LAITO Tarn Bcdkin (1864) xxviii. Ayr. (JAM.), n.Cy. 
(J.L. 1783), (K.), N.Cy. 12 , Nhb. 1 Dur. A little wee winky-spinky 
pipe thing nee bigger than a thyvel, EGGLESTONE Betty Podtins' 
Visit (1877) 10. Dur. 1 , Lakel. 12 Cum. 1 ; Cum. 3 Her man 
a durty tike Wad bray her wid a besom-stick, a thyvel or sec 
like, 69; Cum. 4 Wm. Tak t'thyvil an' stir t'gruel (B.K.). 
.Win. ( J.M.), n.Yks. 23 , n.Vks. 4 (s.v. Thauvel), m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 
LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1883) 06. ne.Lan. 1 
2. Comp. (i) Theivil-pain, (2) -shot, a pain in the side ; 
see below. 

(i) Sc. It most prob. received its name from the idea that it is 
owing to the stomach being overcharged with that food which is 
prepared by means of the theivil. I have heard that it is thus 
denominated, because confined to a particular spot, as if one had 
received a stroke on it by a theivil, or some similar instrument 

(JAM.). (3)AgS. (.4.) 

8. Phr. (i) a queer slick to make a thivel of, said of an 
awkward person ; (2) to lick a thivel, to sufler poverty, to 
verge on starvation. 

(i)N.Cy. 1 , Dur. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 (a) Com. 8 She'll lick a thyvel 'at 
weds you, 303. 

4. A cudgel. 

Sc. For a thivel they did use A sturdy stump o' knotty spruce, 
Juhn o' Arnhcf in MACKAY. 

[1. Thyuil, rubicula, LEVINS Manip. (1570).] 

THIVELESS, see Thieveless. 

THIXLE, sb. n.Cy. Yks. Der. Also written thicksell 
w.Yks. 2 ; and in forms thizle Der. 1 nw.Der. 1 ; thyzle 
n.Cy. nw.Der. 1 [bi'ksl.] A cooper's adze. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (P.) w.Yks. 2 , Der. 12 , nw Der. 1 

[Thyxyl, instrument, ascia (Prompt.). OHG. dehsala, 
ascia,ferrum confertorium (GRAFF).] 

THIZLE, THIZZEL, see Thixle, Thistle. 

THO, adv. Dor. Som. Dev. Cor. Also written thoa 
Dev. [$6.] Then, at that time. 

Dor. HAYNES Voc. (c. 1730) in AT. & Q. (1883) 6th S. viii. 45. 
Som. JENNINGS Ob*. Dial. Ai.Eng. (1835). e.Soui. I couldn't go 
I ho, but I went afterwards, W. & J. Gl. (1873).- w.Som. 1 We 
bide tellin' ever so long, and tho I looked to my watch, and zeed 
we 'adn a-got nit a minute to lost, vor to catch the train. Her 
told'n he should have his money, but her 'adn a got it tho. Dev. 
Her corned tho', vur I zeed 'er, HEWETT Peas. Sp. (1893) ; He 
went on a little way and tho he turned round, Reports Provint. 
(1885). n.Dev. Gar, a was woundy mad thoa, Exm. Crtshp. 
(1746) 1. 351. nw-Dev. 1 Cor. N. tf Q. (1854) 1st S. x. 440 ; Cor.' 

[To doon obsequies, as was tho the gyse, CHAUCER C. T. 
A. 993. OE./a, then.] 

THOAL, THO AN, see Thole, v., Thone. 

THOB-THRUSH, THOC(K, see Throb-thrush, Thic(k. 

THOCK, v. Nhb. |)x>k.J To breathe heavily or pant 
with exertion. 

Here cums little Andra Karr, . . thockin and blowin, BEWICK 
Tviiri-iiie Tales (1850) to ; Nhb. 1 

THOCK, THOCT, THOD, see Thack, i/., Thought, 
Thud, t/. 1 

THODDEN, adj. n.Cy. Lan. Chs. Der. ffo'dan.] 
Sodden; heavy, solid, close; tough; not sufficiently baked. 

n.Cy. (HALL.) Lan. Twur as thodd'n as a tharcake, TIM 

BOBBIN Vi<w Dial. (ed. 1740) 31; Lan. 1 Childer, drinkin' nowt 

stronger than churn-milk, till their bones are gradely set an' their 

flesh as thodden as leather, BRIERLEY Ab-o'-M- Yate Land. (1869) 


64. s Lan. 1 Chs. 1 Heavy bread is described as thodden. A 
waxy, watery potato is also thodden. nw.Der. 1 

THOER, THOF(E, see Thir, drm. proit, Though. 

THOFF, conj. Lin. 1 [tSof.] Than if. 

It's better thoffhe came. 

THOFF, see Though, 

THOFFER, adv. and conj. Nrf. Suf. Also in form 
thaffer Suf. Therefore, because. (E.G.P.), (HALL.) 

THOFT, sb. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Lin. Also in form thaft 
Sc. (JAM.) Cai. 1 N.Cy. 1 jboft ; baft.} The cross-bench in 
a boat ; the seat for the rowers. Cf. taft. 

Sc. (JAM.) Sh.I. In a boat the Ihoft where the mast stands is 
called the sailing thoft (J.S.). Cai. 1 , N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , n.Yks. 2 Lin. 
STREATFEILD Lin. and Danes (1884) 371. n.Lln. 1 

[OE. poft, a rower's bench (SWEET).] 

THOFT, THOFTIN, see Think, Though, Toft, Toftin. 

THOIGHT, THOIL, see Thwite, Thole, v. 

THOKISH, adj. Obs. e.An. Slothful, sluggish, idle, 
slow, dull. 

.An. 1 Nrf. BROWNE Wks. (c. 1683) III. 333, ed. Bohn ; RAY 
(1691); (K.) 

THOKY,0#. Obs. Lin. Slothful, sluggish. (HALL., 
s.v. Thokish.) 

THOLE, v. and sb} Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Lakel. Yks. 
Lan. Stf. Der. Also written thoal w.Yks. 1 ; and in forms 
thoil Lakel. 2 m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 8 Lan.; thooal n.Yks." 
s-Lan. 1 ; thool Lakel. 2 ; thoyl w.Yks. 4 ; thwole Cum. 14 
s.Lan. 1 ; thwooal Lan. ; tole Sh.I. [jjol, bosl, w.Yks. 
boil.] 1. v. To bear, suffer, endure, tolerate. Cf. taal. 

Sc. Weel may yon boatie row or my craig'll have to thole a 
raxing, STEVENSON Catriona (1893) xiii. Sh.I. STEWART Tales 
(1893) 34. Cai. 1 Kcd. He had aften to thole for ithers' fauts 
The dominie's sairest raps, GRANT Lays (1884) 117. Per. Nae 
mair I'll thole Tib's haughty pride and scorn, SPENCE Poems 
(1898) 38. .Sc. (A.C.) Ayr. How they maun thole a factor's 
snash, BURNS Two Dogs (1786) I. 96. e.Lth. Dree oot the inch 
whan ye've tholcd the span, HUNTER /. Jnwitt (1895) 331. Edb. 
This was a sore joke against me ... but I tholcd it patiently, 
MOIR Mansie Wauch (1838) xii. Slk. The warst has some 
redeemin quality that enables me to thole it without yaumerin, 
CHR. NORTH Noctes (ed. 1856) III. 55. Dmf. The landlord of the 
Boar Submits to thole their wicked roar A little time, for sake o' 
gain, SIIKNNAN Tales (1831) 44. Kcb. He had a perfect horror o' 
saip an' water, an' couldna thole to cheinge his claes, TROTTER 
Gall. Gossip (1901) 41. N.I. 1 TJls. Me, that can't thole the taste 
of whisky, HAMILTON Bog (1896) 36. Ant. A can hardly thole 
the pain o' my finger, Ballymena Obs. (1893). Own. A cannae 
thole ye! SAVAGE-ARMSTRONG Ballads (1901) 71; (C.H.W.) 
s.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (iSgoX N.Cy. 12 Nhb. 1 Aa canna thole nee 
langer. Lakel. ', Cum. 1234 Yfm. NICOLSOH (l6^^') Trans. R.Soc. 
Lit. (1868) IX. n-Yks. 1 ; n Yk. Bad usage is ill to thole. 
m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 I cud not thoal him at onny sike figure; 
w.Yks. 3 Lan. I cannot thooal th'.sert on 'em. FRANCIS Daughter 
of Soil (1895) 399 ; Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Stf. 1 Eer. (K.) ; GROSE (1790); 
Der. 12 , nw.Der. 1 

Hence (i) Tholeable, adj. bearable, tolerable ; (2) 
Tholeless, adj. soft, wanting energy; not adaptable, 
nearly useless ; (3) Tholemoody, adj. patient ; (4) Thole- 
sum, adj., see (i) ; (5) Thole- weel, si. in phr. a haporth o' 
thole-weel, an' a pennorth o' niver-let-on-ye-hae-it, used as 
a recommendation for the cure of a trifling ailment. 

(i) Sc. (JAM.) Lnk. A tholable calamity, MURDOCH Readings 

(1895) II. 96. (a Cum. 4 (3) n.Sc. RUODIMAN Introd. (1773) 

(JAM.). Bwk., Rxb. (0>.) (4) Fit UAM.) ; A 7 . & Q. (1871) 4th S. 

viii. 156. (5) H.I." 

2. To allow, permit, admit of; to require, stand in need of. 

Sc. He wad thole a mends, he would require to be reformed, or 
require a change to the better (JAM.). e.Flf.This was a thing they 
cudna an' wadna thole upon ony accoont, LATTO 7am Bodkin 
(1864) i. s.Sc. ' It'll thole a drap mair waiter,' it will bear to be 
farther diluted [of punch]. 'Od woman, yer goun's owr side.' 
' I daursay it is : it wad thole to hae a piece taen aff the boddum,' 
N. & Q. (1871) 4th S. viii. 156. Nhb. 1 Used also in rallying one 
whose person or character requires improvement. ' We can aa 
thole amends.' Wm. (B.K.) 

8. To wait, stay, hold out ; to defer or deny oneself of 
a requirement ; often in phr. to thole a u-et, or a while. 

Sc. (JAM.) Frf. You had better cross, dominie, and tl.olc out tl 




nicht wi' us, BARRIE Minister (1891) xxxv. Per. I do bid them 
thole a while Till ance the spring come in again, NICOL Poems 
(1766 ' 58. s.Sc. Ye'll juist hae to thole a wee till I get my breeks 
on, WILSON Tales (1839) V. 95. Dmb. I ken this is nae pleasant 
tune, But thole a wee, I'se soon hae done, TAYLOR Poems (1827) 
105. Hdg. Great is our drouth but thole a wee, LUMSDEN Poems 
(1896) 7. N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 ' No, thank ye ; aa think aa can thole.' 
Stf. 1 Der. Thole a while, RAY (1691) ; Der. 12 

4. To spare willingly ; to afford ; to bestow cheerfully 
and ungrudgingly ; gonnen. 

Lakel. 2 m.Yks.' Thoil us a shilling. An old miser, he can 
thole nobody nought. w.Yks. 1 I cannot thole t'horse at onny sike 
price. I could thole him t'meat out o' my mouth; w.Yks. 2 He's 
thoiled to pay me at last ; w.Yks. 8 She can't thoil her to you ; 
w.Yks. 4 ; w.Yks. 5 He'll thoil thee nowt depend on't, when he 
couldn't thoil his awan nevvy's barn t'whoal apple when he went 
to ax him for a fairing, bud baat on't afoar he gav t'poor barn it. 
Lan. Aw conno thvvooal liur . . . under a ginney, TIM BOBBIN 
View Dial. (ed. 1760) 30. s.Lan. 1 

Hence Tholer, sb. a liberal giver. 

m.Yks. 1 He's a rare tholer. 

5. Phr. (i) to thole, an assize or a trial, to stand a trial ; 

(2) off, (a) to admit of a part being taken off; (b) to be 
sufficiently warm without some particular article of dress; 

(3) on, (a) to suffer or wait patiently ; (b to admit of 
anything being laid or put on; (4) through, to 'pull 
through ' an illness, &c. ; (5) to, (a) to admit the addition 
of; (b) to admit of anything being shut. 

(i)Sc. (JAM.); Putin sure firmanceun till he have tholed an assize, 
SKENE Difficill Wds. (1681) la ; (A.W.I Dmb. The wretched man 
had 'tholed his assize ' and could not have been tried again, STRANG 
Lass of Lennox (1899) 302. (2 a, b) Abd. JAM.) (3, a) Cai. 1 
(6) Abd. QAM.) (4) Frf. She is 'on the mend,' she may 'thole 
thro,' if they take great care of her, BARRIE M. Ogilvie (1896) 35. 
(5 a, A) Abd. (JAM.) 

6. To advantage, benefit ; to be to one's gain. 

Sh.I. At wan time, in fack, ye wir compell'd ta bluid your fish, 
an' hit wid be tolin da fish curers if dey wid pit dat law in forse 
noo, Sh. News (Nov. 12, 1898) ; We say to a person ' it wid be 
tolin de ' if a certain thing happened or a certain course were 
adopted (J.S.). 

7. sb. A disposition, esp. a generous one ; a free wish 
to give ; liberality, generosity. 

m.Yks. 1 He's no thoil in 'im. I know his thoil. w.Yks. He hes 
a poor thoil, BANKS Wkfld. Wds. (1865) ; w.Yks. 3 ' He gave it with 
a thoil, 'i.e. willingly ; w.Yks. 5 Noa thoil in him. e.Lan. Burnley 
Express (June i, 1901). 

[1. OE./ofraw, to suffer, hold out, endure (SWEET).] 

THOLE, sb. 2 Sc. Ess. I.W. 1. One of the two short 
handles of a scythe. Ess. (E.L.), Ess. 1 2. Comp. Thole- 
pin, (i) a peg to fasten a double door ; (2) the pin that goes 
into the shafts of the roller by which the horse draws. 

(i) Frf. He reached up to the thole-pin which kept the loft 
folding-door in position, INGLIS Ain Flk. (1895) 115. (2) I.W. 1 

[Cp. OE. />o/, /o//, an oar-peg, rowlock (SWEET).] 

THOLTER, sb. Irel. Cross-ploughing. Uls. (M.B.-S.) 
Cf. thwarter, 6. 

THOLTHAN, THOM, see Thalthan, Thumb. 

THOMAS, sb. Sc. Lakel. Yks. Lan. Chs. War. Also 
in forms Tamnias Sc. ; Tummus s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 ; Tummuz 
Chs. 3 [to-mas ; ta'mas, tu'mas.] 1. In comb, (i) 
Thomas's gifts, gifts given on St. Thomas's Day (Dec. 21) ; 
see below; (2) -tit, the blue tit, Parus caeruleus; (3) 
Tummus-an'-Meary, broad Lan. dialect ; also used atlrib. 

(i) n.Yks. They had gone out ' St. Thomasing,' that is, visiting 
the farmhouses on St. Thomas's Day and asking ' Thomas's gifts.' 
These were usually pieces of ' pepper-cake ' (or the customary thick 
ginger bread), with perhaps a modicum of cheese or a bite of cake, 
or maybe a few halfpence, ATKINSON Maori. Parish (1891) 379. 
(a) War. 3 (3) s.Lan. 1 The name of the famous comic idyl written 
by John Collier i,Tim Bobbin), died 1786. 'Tummus an' Meary 
mak' o' talk ' ; the persons who speak it are said to be ' talkin' 

2. The puffin, Fratercula arctica. Nai. Zoologist (18=50) 
VIII. 2908. 3. A toad. Chs. 13 4. pi. Heavy clogs. 
Lakel. 2 

THOMASER,s6. w.Yks. 3 [toTnasa(r).] A gift given 
on St. Thonjas's Day (Dec. 21). 

When the children solicit coppers they ask, perhaps, 'if yo 
serve Thomasers ' (s.v. Thommasin'). 

THOMASING, vbl. sb. Yks. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Rut. 
Lei. Nhp. War. Wor. Shr. Brks. Also written Thomassing 
Not. sw.Lin. 1 ; and in form Tummasin Shr. 1 [to'masin.] 

1. Going from house to house begging on St. Thomas's 
Day (Dec. 21) ; see below ; also in comp. St. Thomasing. 
Gen. in phr. going a Thomasing. Cf. gooding. 

n.Yks. They had gone out ' St. Thomasing,' that is, visiting the 
farmhouses on St. Thomas's Day and asking ' Thomas's gifts,' 
ATKINSON Maori. Parish (1891) 379. w.Yks. The widows ask and 
commonly receive at the farmers' house a small measure of wheat, 
and they call it 'going a Thomasing,' HENDERSON Flk- Lore (1879) 
66-7; w.Yks. 3 It is still the custom for children to go about on that 
day. In Mr. Scott's days, at Woodsome Hall, a sack of wheat stood 
at the door, with a pint measure. All comers who chose to take it 
were served with a pint of wheat, supposed to be for frumenty. The 
same custom, in a different form, was followed at the Wood 
afterwards. There they gave pennies to Almondbury people, 
a halfpenny each to children, but Farnley folk had twopence. 
Wheat also was given away. Stf. The old women went a 
Thomassing. Wrapped up in their poor old shawls or cloaks they 
went to the houses of the better to do, to get a dole on December 
aist. Their old rhyme delivered, often with toothless elocution, 
was this : ' Well-a-day, well-a-day, St. Thomas goes too soon 
away, Then your gooding we do pray, For the good time will net 
stay. St. Thomas grey, St Thomas grey, The longest night and 
the shortest day, Please to remember St. Thomas Day,' The Chronicle 
(Feb. aa, 1901). Der. (L.W. ), nw.Der. 1 Not. It's a many year sin' 
1 first come here aThomassin'(L.C. M.). n.Lin. 1 , sw.Lin. (R.E.C.), 
sw.Lin. 1 , Rnt. ' Lei ' Old women are the usual performers. Nhp. 1 
War. 2 ; War. 3 To go a Thomasing was one of the customs of the 
widows and old unprovided for women in the village in which they 
were born. Alms and food were given to them by the well-to-do 
inhabitants. Wor. ' We be come a Thomasin.' Village children 
at my house at Dec. 1901. They sang hymns, but did not know 
the old Thomasing begging rhyme (E.S. ). s.Wor. 1 Shr. BURNE 
Fit-Lore (1883) xxix ; Shr.', Brks. (W.H.Y.) 

2. St. Thomas's Day, Dec. 21. 

War. 3 Next Thomasin' 'ull be time enough, B'ftam Wkly. Post 
(Apr. 29, 1899). 

THOMASMAS, sb. Sh.I. In form Tammasmas. The 
least of St. Thomas, Dec. 21 ; also used a/Mb. 

This is Tammasmas E'en, and the day following is Tammasmas 
Day, in which no manner of work can be done. ' Da bairn i' da 
midder's wime '111 mak' woeful dol, If wark be wrought on 
Tammasmas night, Five nights afore Yule,' SPENCE Fit-Lore 
(1899) 197. 

THOMELLE-TOE, THOMSON, see Thummel toe, 

THON, dem. pron. and dem. adj. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. 
[Son.] That, ' yon ' ; yonder. 

Sc. Ca' thon a leddy ? STEVENSON Catriona (1893) i ; ' Thon ' is 
used to identify an object remote from both [speakers]. . . ' Thon * 
is alike in both numbers, MURRAY Dial. (1873) 179 ; Thysismeyne, 
that's yoors, but quhae's auwcht thon ? ib. 186. Abd. (A.W.) 
Ayr. A farmer's wife going for to buy an article like thon, JOHN- 
STON Congalton (1896) 114. Edb. Was thon the best you can do? 
CAMPBELL Deilie Jock (1897) 27. N.I. 1 Uls. There's aye good 
reason when a girl stays away from a bit o' sport like thon, 
HAMILTON Bog (1896) 13. Dwn. Tae watch thon birdies' crests 
o' green And red throats glisten, SAVAGE-ARMSTRONG Ballads 
(1901)14. s.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). Nhb. 1 Whe's thon ? Do 
ye see thon hoose ower there ? Nhb., Dur. About Shields and as 
far south as Teesdale, MURRAY Dial. (1873) 186. 

THON, see Then, adv. 

THONDER, adv. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Chs. Fit. Nhp. War. 
Shr. Hrf. e.An. Also in forms thander Chs.' 3 War. Shr. 1 
Hrf. ; thender Fit. Nhp. 1 ; thinder e.An. 1 ; thonner Ir. 
[tSo - nda(r ; tSa'nda(r).] Yonder. Also used as adj. and pron. 

Hdg. Two beautiful girl winches standing down thonder in the 
passage, LUMSDEN Sheep-head (1892) 295. N.I. 1 Dwn. A hae a 
wee terrier dug thonner at hame, LYTTLE Ballycuddy (1892) 62. 
s.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). Nhb. HALDANE Geordy's Last (1878) 
15; Nhb. 1 Chs. 1 ; Chs. 3 ' Wheere's our Dick?' ' Crewdling in 
thander corner ; ' hiding away in yon corner. s.Chs. 1 Dhon-dur)z 
u prifi gild ky'aay. Fit. (T.K.J.) Nhp. 1 He lives over thender. 
War. (HALL.) Shr. 1 Introd. 50. Hrf. Thander one is the man, 
BOUND Provinc. (1876). e.An. 1 




THONDILL, sb. Obs. ne.Yks. 1 A measure of land ; 
see below. 

Plots of ploughing land on unenclosed commons seem to have 
formerly been of three sizes, ' broads,' ' narrows,' and ' thondills,' 
the last-named being intermediate to the other two, and about 
three roods in extent. 

THONE, adj. n.Cy. Dur. Yks. Lan. Der. Lin. Lei. 
Nhp. War. Shr. Glo. Nrf. Ken. Also written thoan 
s.Lan. 1 ; and in forms thooan s-Lan. 1 ; thwooan Lan. 
Damp, moist, wet ; soft from dampness. Cf. thane, adj. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790); (P.R.) Dur. (K.) w.Yks. 2 ' It's thooan 
land.'used to express the quality of land. s.Lan. 1 Midi. MARSHALL 
Rur. Econ. (1796) II. Der. 1 Obs., Der. 2 , nw.Der. 1 Lin. RAY 
(1691) ; Lin. 1 Lei. (K.) ; Lei. 1 Applied to corn, soil, &c. ' Some 
on it's a good bit tlione.' ' It's a'most to' thone to groind." Nhp. 1 
Corn is said to be ' thone,' whether in the rick or after it is threshed, 
if it be too moist for grinding; Nhp. 2 , War. 8 Shr. 1 Said of corn, 
and of heavy, clammy bread. Glo. (E.M.W.) e.Nrf. MARSHALL 
Rur. Econ. (1787). Ken. RAY (1691) MS. add. (J.C.) 

Hence (i) Thone-wheat, sb. wheat not dry enough for 
grinding ; (2) Thonish, adj. damp, wettish ; (3) Thony, 
adj. damp, moist, soft. 

(i) Wor. (J.R.W.) (a) Lan. As awr donnin men thwoanish 
clooas, TIM BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. 1740) 28. s.Lan. 1 (3) n.Cy. 
GROSE (1790). w.Yks. 2 Lin. RAY (1691)- Lei. 1 It's but a thony 
baa'vest. Nhp. 12 e.Nrf. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1787). 

f OE. ban, moist ; irrigated (SWEET).] 

THONG, sb. and v. Sc. Irel. Shr. Brks. Som. Dev. 
Cor. Sc.I. Also in form thung Shr. 1 nw.Dev. 1 [|>orj.] 

1. sb. A leathern boot- or shoe-lace. 

Arg. 'My thong's loose,' said he, stooping to fumble with a 
brogue that needed no such attention, MUNRO /. Splendid (1898) 
336. Shr. 1 

Hence Close-thonged, adj. tightly laced. 

Arg. His close-thonged brogues that clung to the feet like a dry 
glove, MUNRO J. Splendid (1898) 193. 

2. An instrument of punishment formerly used in schools ; 
see below. 

Cor. A leathern strap, about 15 in. by a^ in., with a hole in one 
end to hang it up by, formerly used in schools to strike the palm 
of the hand with. The end with the hole in it was brought down 
sharply upon the palm, and thus raised a blister M.A.r. ; Like- 
wise a thong to thock [thwack] thee, ef Thee d'st ever go askew, 
FORFAR Poems (1885) 7. 

3. pi. Sea-thongs, Himanlhalia lorea. Sc.I. (B. & H.) 

4. v. To beat, thrash. 

N.I. 1 n.Dev. Chell thong tha, Exnt. Scold. (1746) I. 77. 

5. Obs. To fling or swing round the skirts or tail. 
n.Dev. Ya gurt thonging, banging muxy drawbreech, Extn. Sio/d. 

(1746) 1. 6. 

6. To twine ; to twist together. Brks. 1 7. To become 
stringy or viscous ; to become heavy and sodden. 

Som. (HALL.) e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). w.Som. 1 Cider is 
very often said ' to thongy ' when it gets into a peculiar oily or 
treacly state called 'reamed,' or 'ropy.' Dev. It [a ruskj baint 
very nice, sur, it thungeth, Reports Provinc. (1885). 

Hence Thongy, adj. stringy, viscous, tough ; like dough 
or putty. 

Som. (HALL.) e.Som. W. & J. Gl. (1873). w.Som. 1 Dev. In 
bread, or like substances, it means the opposite of crisp or crumbly. 
Cider is often said ' to be thongy,' when it gets into the peculiar 
state known as 'reamed' or 'ropy,' Reports Provinc. (1885). 
nw.Dev. 1 

THONGY, adj. e.An. [bo'rjgi.] Oppressively hot, as 
between summer showers. e.An. 1 Nrf. COZENS-HARDY 
Broad Nrf. (1893) 2. 

THONK, see Thunk. 

THONKY, adj. Cum. [Not known to our other corre- 
spondents.] Dank, misty, rainy. (M.P.), Cum. 14 

THONNER, THOOAL, see Thonder, Thole, v. 

THOOAR, THOOL, see Thir, dent, pron., Thole, v. 

Thummack, Thir, </;;;. pron. 

THOO S, pass. adj. Sc. [Suz.] Thy. Cf. thee's. 

Ayr. In Thoo's ain name, JOHNSTON Glenbuckie (1889) no. 

THOO-THISTLE. see'Thow thistle. 

THOOTLE, v. Nhb. 1 [bu'tl.] To endure ; to wait. 

' Aa canna thootle na langer 'cannot be put off any longer. 

THOR, sb. 1 n.Yks. 1 [J>5r.] A thundering noise. 

It com duon with a desperate thor. 

THOR, sb. 1 Obs. Sc. Durance, confinement. SIBBALD 
Gl. (1802) (JAM.). 

THOR, see Their, They, Thir, dew. pron. 

THORBLE, 1HORE, see Thible, Thir, dent, pi on. 

THORL(E, sb. Sc. Yks. Also in form thirl n.Yks. 1 
The fly of a spindle or spinning-rock ; the pivot on which 
a wheel revolves. Cf. whorle. 

Slg. The lass is frugal, eident turns the thorle, GALLOWAY Poems 
(1804') 15. Edb. Three of the buttons have sprung the thorls, 
MOIR Mansie Wauch '181-8 vi. Rxb. (JAM.), n.Yks. 2 

Hence (i) Thirled, ppl. adj. pinned or pivoted, as a 
wheel. n.Yks. 2 ; (2) Thorle-pippin, sb. a species of apple 
in form resemblingthe fly-wheel of a spindle. Rxb.ljAM.) 

THORL(E, see Thirl, adj. 

THOR MANTLE, sb. Dev. Also in form thors-mantle. 

1. Prob. a corruption of 'tormentil,'Pofcw///a Tomientilla. 
We have. .. the thor-mantle, excellent as a medicine in fevers, 

BRAY Desc. Tamar and Tavy (1836) I. Lett, xviii. 318; Dev. 4 

2. The foxglove, Digitalis purpurea. 

The Devonshire children make us think of the Thunderer, as 
they gather the foxglove, and call it Thors-mantle, Monthly Pkl. 
(Oct. 18641 443. 

THORN, sb. Sc. Irel. Yks. Lan. Chs. Lin. War. Wor. 
Nrf. Dor. Also in forms tharn Wor. ; thoorn n.Yks. 2 ; 
thurn Lan. Chs. 1 Wor. ; torn Sh.I. [born, b ? an.] 1. In 
phr. like licking honey off a thorn, see below. 

n.Yks. 2 ' It's bare wark an poor pay, like licking honey off a 
thoorn,' said of an employment yielding but small and uncertain 

2. Comb, (i) Thorn-back, (a) a small river-fish; (b) a 
bed of good stone in Swanage quarries ; (2) -(s bull, the 
thick part of a thorn, the branches being cut off; (3) 
drain, (4) -draining, see below ; (5) -grey, (a) the lesser 
redpole, Lino/a ru/escens ; (b) the grey linnet, Lino/a 
cannabina; (6) -hurdling, putting up hurdles of thorns ; 
(7) -peckled, freckled ; (8) -speckles, freckles. 

(i, a) War. 3 A small fish with a strong back fin. It abounds in, 
the Avon, but it is not the stickleback. (6) Dor. (C.W.) (a) 
e.Cy. (HALL.) Nrf. Throw the old deke down and use the thorn- 
bulls for firing, COZENS-HARDY Broad Nrf. (1893) 6a. (3, 4) 
n.Lln. 1 Before drain tiles became common it was the custom among 
farmers to drain their land by digging trenches and burying sticks, 
commonly thorns, in them ; these were called ' thorn-drains,' and 
the process 'thorn-draining.' (5, a^ n.Ir. (J.S. ) (b) K.I. 1 (6) 
Wor. This be just the weather for thorn-hurdling the meadow 
(H.K.). (7) e.Lan. 1 (8) Lan. Lotions, drinks, &c. to restore her 
yure, remove thorn-speckles, STANDING Echoes (1885) 15. 
8. The hawthorn, Crataegus Oxyacantha. 

Sc. Garden Wk. (1896) No. cxiii. 100. Yks. (B. & H.) Lan. 
TIM BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. 1806) 16. 

Hence (i) Thorn-berries, sb. pi. the fruit of the haw- 
thorn, Crataegus Oxyacantha; (21 Thorn-bush,sA.a hawthorn 
tree, Crataegus Oxyacantha. 

(i) Chs. 1 Nrf. I go and get him some berries, ' thorn-berries,' 
EMERSON Son of Fens (1892) 369. (a) Chs. 1 
4. A sharp prickly spine found on certain fish. 

Sh.I. I laid me haands open wi' da torns of da last ane [skate] 
'at I peel'd, Sh. News (Mar. 9, 1901). 

THORN, v. Obs. Sc. To eat heartily; to satisfy 
one's appetite ; used of bodily wants. 

When they had eaten and well drunken, And a' had thorn'd 
fine, Sc. Ballads (1808) II. 335 (JAM. S/>/>/.). 

THORNEN, adj. Brks. Wil. Dor. Som. Also in forms 
tharnen Wil. Som.; tharnin Brks. [banin, ba'nin.] 
Made of thorn ; having the nature or quality of thorn. 

Brks. The tharnin tree you med plainly zee As is called King 
Alferd's tharn, HUGHES Scour. White Horse 1859) iv. Wil. 
(HALL.) Dor. I pass'd the maid avore the Spring, An' shepherd 
hy the thornen tree, BARNES Poems (ed. 1869) 39. e.Som. W. & J. 
Gl. (1873". w.Som. 1 

THORNY, adj. and sb. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Glo. Som. Also 
written thorney Nhb. 1. adj. In comp. (i) Thorny-back, 
(a) the stickleback, Gasferosleus trachurus; (b) a small 
perch, Percti fluviatitis ; (c) the thornback, Raia clavata ; 
(2) -pyett, the magpie, Pica rustica. 

(i a, b) Nhb. Here may be fund the thorney back, the F 




an Tommy Lodjor, CHATER Tyneside Aim. (1869) 13. (c) Fif., 
Edb. (JAM.) (a: Cum. (J.D.) 

2. sb. The stickleback, Gaslerosleus trachurus. Glo., Som. 
N. 6- Q. (1884) 6th S. ix. 448. 

THORO, see Through. 

THOROUGH, adj., adv. and sb. Sc. Irel. Yks. Not. 
Shr. Glo. e.An. Wil. Dor. Also in forms tharra Suf. 1 ; 
thorra N.I. 1 ; thorow Sc. GAM.) [ba'ra.] 1. adj. and 
adv. In comb, (i) Thorough-cleaning, a spring-cleaning ; 

(2) -go, diarrhoea ; (3) -gone, thoroughly good or bad ; (4) 
go-nimble, (a) see (3); (b) small beer; (5) -grown, of 
corn, &c. : sprouted ; (6) -pin, (7) -pole, parts of a wagon ; 
see below; 18) -stitch, thoroughly, completely. 

(i) n.Yks.' Thorough-cleaning (s.v. Row). w.Yks. (J.W.) 
(a) Shr. 2 (3^ e.Yks. 1 He's a thorough geean raskill, MS. add. 
(T.H.) (4, a)Sc. (JAM.), w.Yks. 1 , Shr. 2 , Suf. 1 (A) Sc. The small 
beer of the college, termed thorough-go nimble, furnished a poor 
substitute, SCOTT Pirate (1821) iv. w.Yks. 1 (5) s.Nat. If the wet 
keeps on we shall hae the barley thorough grown (J.P.K.). (6) 
Wil. 1 The pin which fastens the waggon-bed to the carriage. 
(7) Dor. The piece of timber which connects the fore-axle of a 
waggon with the hinder one, BARNES Poems 1863) Gl. (s.v. 
Waggon). (8) s Not. I shall have to go thorough-stitch through 
the house; it's filthy from top to bottom. She's means to do the 
place up thorough stitch (J.P.K.). 

2. Wise, sane. 

Rxb. (JAM.) N.I. 1 The poor fellow's not thorough. 

3. si. A spavin which shows itself on both sides of a 
horse's hough or hock. e.An. 1 

THOROUGH, see Through, Thurrow. 

THOROW, THORP, see Through, Throp. 

THORP(E, sb. n.Cy. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. Lin. Nhp. 
Oxf. Brks. Also in forms throp e.Yks. 1 ; thrup n.Yks. 1 
Not. n.Lin. 1 Nhp. 1 7 Oxf. Brks. [borp, bpp ; brup.] A hamlet; 
a village ; gen. in place-names. 

n.Cy. (B.K.) n.Yks. 1 Ainthorpe is Aintrup or Ainthrup, Nun- 
thorpe, Nunthrup, &c. ; n.Yks. 2 ne.Yks. 1 Tholthrup.Helperthrup, 
Lowtthrup. e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. Leeds Merc. Suppl. (May 
'5. 1897) ; w.Yks. 2 s.Lan. BAMFORD Dial. (1854). Der. 1 'In this 
thorp.' [Obs. as 'village'; onlyusedinplace-names.] Not.(L.C.M.) 
Lin. 1 Keep on the trod, and you'll reach the thorpe in time. n. Lin. 1 
Obs. as a separate word, but used in the termination of many village 
names. Nhp. 1 Thrup Malsor, Thrup Mandeville, Althrup, Kings- 
thrup, Rothersthrup. Ranstrup, for Ravensthorpe ; Nhp. 2 Oxf., 
n.Brks. (G.O.) 

Hence Thorpsmen, sb. pi., obs., villagers. n.Yks. 2 

[O'E..borp,brop, a farm, estate ; a village (SWEET).] 

THOR'S, THORSELS, see Thirs, Theirselves. 

THOR'S-MANTLE, see Thor-mantle. 

THORT, THORTER, see Thwart, Thwarter. 

THORTY.arf/ Dev. [tS'ti.] Thoughtless, half-witted, 

They'll have a lopping old 'oss, and a thorty driver, Reports 
Provinc. (i8g5\ 

THOSE, dem. pron. and dem. adj. Yks. Lan. Som. 
[tSoz, tSoaz.] I. Dial, forms. 1. (i) Thoase, (2) Thooas, 

(3) Thooase, (4) Thoose, (5) Toose. 

(i) m.Yks. 1 A semi-refined iorm restricted to a corresponding 
habit of speech, Introd. 22. Lan. Babby clooas laid by i' lavender 
i' thoase drawers, BANKS Manch. Man (1876) ii. (2) Lan. Oi'll 
noan trust thooas chaps, KAY SHUTTLEWORTH Scarsdale (1860) 
III- 73- (3) n.Yks. Thooase 'at follow his perswashin, CASTILLO 
Poems (18^) 32. (4)Lan. Look after thoose broth, Sam, BRIERLEY 
Marlocks (1867) 86, ed. 1884. e.Lan >, s.Lan.' (5) Lan. TIM 
BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. 1806) Reader, 14 s.Lan. 1 
2. Contractions: (i) Thoose'n, (2) Thoosn, those will. 

(i) s.Lan. 1 (2) Lan. Thoosn naw doo, TIM BOBBIN View Dial. 
(ed. 1806) 40. 

II. Dial. use. In phr. those here here, those. 

w.Som. 1 I baint no ways a-tookt up way those here here 
[dheo'zh yuur yuurl taytotal fullers (s.v. This here). 

THOSKS, see Thusks. 

THOST, sb. Obs. Glo. Dung. Horae Subsecivae 
( I 777) 43 ; GROSE (1790) MS. add. (M.) 

[, dung (SWEET).] 

THOT, see Think. 

THOU, pers. pron. and v. Sc. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. 
Yks. Lan. Chs. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Nhp. Glo. Nrf. Sur. 

Hmp. Wil. Som. Cor. I. Dial, forms. 1. fi) A, (2) 
Aw, (3) Doo, (4) Dou, (5) Du, (6) T', (7) Ta, (8) Ta, (9) 
Ta, (10) Taa, (n) Tae, (12) Tan, (13) Taw, (14) Tay, (15) 
Te, (16) Tea, (17) Teau, (18) Teaw, (19) Teh, (20) Ter, 
(21) Teu, (22) Th', (23) Tha, (24) Tha, (25) Tha, (26) 
Thaa, (271 Thaaw, (28) Thae, (29) Thah, (30) Thai, (31) 
Thau, (32) Thaw, (33) Thaww, (34) Thea, (35) Theau, 
(36) Theaw, (37) Theow, (38) They, (39) Tho, (40) Thoo, 
(41) Thow, (42) Thu, (43) To, (44) Too, (45) Tou, (46) 
Tow, (47) Tu. 

(i) s.Sc. Dear Willielad, how hast a'been? T. SCOTT Poems (1793) 
315. Yks. Wiltabesaegudeastoexchangecivilities? DvKECraiktrees 
(1897) 53. (a) Cor. What art aw knacken for? FORFAR Cousin 
Jan (1839) st. 2; Cor. 3 (3) Sh.I. Dat doo sood, S/t. News (J u 'v 
30, 1898). (4) S. & Ork. 1 (5) Sh.I. Believe du me du's gaein" ta 
hae trouble, SPENCE Flk-Lore (1899) 242; S. & Ork. 1 (6) Dnr. 
GIBSON Up Weardale Gl. (1870). Lan. 1ft' does aw'll shake thi 
shoon, BRIERLEY Layrock (1864) xi. n.Lin. Why doant t' set 
sheaves up ! PEACOCK Tales and Rhymes (1886) 64. (7, 8) w.Yks. 
The strong form ' ta ' and the weak form ' ta ' can only be used 
interrogatively and in subordinate sentences, as : ' Wil ta weS it ?' 
[wilt thou wash it?] WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 117. (9) 
Nhb. 1 Cum. Employed when there is no emphasis on the pronoun 
(E.W.P.) ; Dis ta think yon was dun for a lark? FARRALL Betty 
Wilson (1876) 30; Cum. 1 Wm. What was ta doin in theer? 
OLLIVANT OwdBob(ed. 1900) 19. n.Yks. 4 ne.Yks. 1 'Ta' is used 
after an auxiliary verb in ordinary familiar conversation ; as ' Wilt 
tacumwi ma ?' and in all questionsin the 2nd person, 'ta'is closely 
connected with the verb so as to form part of it, as ' sa'nt ta ? ' 
'harks-ta?' 33. m.Yks. 1 With the 2nd pers. sg. most verbs, 
including the auxiliary, coalesce, and in this form are a marked 
feature of conversation as interrogative forms. ' Wilt-thou 
[wil:tu], munut-thou [muon ut-tu], Introd. 26. w.Yks. Kan ta diut 
bi Sisen ? WRIGHT Gram. Wndhll. (1892) 117 ; w.Yks. 2 When ta's 
said all ta can ; w.Yks. 3 Lan. Would it be for us, thinksta ? CLEGG 
Sketches (1895! 74. n.Lan. 1 Will ta ga ta U'ston fair ? ne.Lan. 1 , 
s.Lan. 1 Not. Does ta say tha prayers? PRIOR Forest Flk. (1901) 
113. s.Not. The enclitic ' thou ' in inverted construction. Chiefly 
in speaking to little children (J.P.K.). n.Lin. 1 Are ta gooin' to 
be wed soon, William ? (10) w.Yks. 3 What didst taa hit me for ? 
e.Lan.^ (n) Lan. Wilt tae have a feyght ? KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH 
Scarsdale (1860) II. 283. (121 Wm. Nor hes tau followed on, 
HUTTON Bran New Work (1785) 1. 126. (13) s.Wm. Taw's varra 
scan, man, ib. Dial. Storth and Arnside (1760) 1. I. (14) w.Yks. 
Nut lay, mun (B.K.). (15) Nhb. Stop I where was aw, thinks te, 
Jack ? WILSON Pitman's Pay (1843) 26 ; Nhb. 1 Cum. Employed 
when there is no emphasis on the pronoun. The sound is that 
of the French 'te' and may be written indiscriminately ta, te 
(E.W.P.) ; Cum. 3 Hes t'e any foat to finnd ? 62. n.Yks. 3 , w.Yks. 
(J.W.) n.Lin. What art 16 doin' on ? PEACOCK Tales and Rhymes 
(1886) 64. (16) Lan. Where has tea been roaming, Kitty? KAY- 
SHUTTLEWORTH Scarsdale (1860) II. 236. (17) e.Lan. 1 (18) s.Lan. 1 
(19) w.Yks. Can teh read writin ? BANKS Wkfld. Wds. (1865). Lan. 
Whear didst teh (lee to, Kitty? HARLAND Lyrics (1866) 76. (20) 
s.Yks. Doster know? FLETCHER God's Failures (1897) 73. Not. 12 
(21) w.Yks. ' Wheer at teufor to-neet ? ' Out of use (D.L.). (22) 
s.Lan. BAMFORD Dial. (1854). (23, 24) w.Yks. WRIGHT Gram. 
WrfA#. (1892)116. s. Chs. 1 63. (25) s.Wm. HUTTON Dial. Storth 
andAmside( 1760) 1.2. n.Yks. 4 ne.Yks. 1 'Tha' is also used instead 
of ' ta,' but no rule can be laid down with regard to the interchange 
of these forms, 23. e.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 Neither ' dhu' nor 'tu ' are 
employed emphatically, Introd. 24. w.Yks. 3 , ne.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , 
Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 63. Lin. Tha joompt in thysen, TENNYSON Spinster's 
Sweet-arts (1885). Shr. 1 Gram. Outlines, 47. (a6) w.Yks. 3 , e.Lan. 1 , 
s.Lan. 1 Der. Thaa'lt stan' i' a press full o' Crown Derby, GILCHRIST 
Peakland (1897) 94. (27) Cum. Thaaw fooal ! thaaw, DICKINSON 
Cumbr. (ed. 1876, 92. (28) Lan. Thae sent it, SAUNDERS Abel 
Drake (1862) i. s.Lan.i (29) w.Yks. Emphatic, BANKS Wkfld. 
Wds. (1865); w.Yks. 2 Lan. Thah mun give it summat better 
than cowd wayter, BANKS Manch. Man. (1876) I. Chs. Thah gurt 
cawf, CLOUGH B. Bresskittle (1879) 3 ; Chs. 1 (30) s.Chs. 1 63. 
(31) Wm. Trust thau then, Maggy, in the great Father of mercies, 
HUTTON Bran New Wark (1785) 1. 393. (32) w.Yks. 4 (33) Cum. 1 
(34) s. Lan. 1 (35) Lan. Theau's gather'd flesh, DOHERTY AT. Barlow 
(1884) 1. 17. s-Lan. 1 (36) Lan. Theaw knows, HARLAND Lyrics 
(1866) 95. m.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 6. Chs. Theaw donders abeawt, 
CROSTON Enoch Crump (1887) 10. (37) Som. Theow beast vair, 
BAYNESS/)^. Sol. (i86o)i. 16. (38) s.Chs. 1 64. (3g)n.Yks. 4 Lan. 
Winnot tho taste wi' mo? WAUGH Heather (ed. Milner) II. 14. 
e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 (40) Ayr. HUNTER Studies (1870) 91. Nhb. 1 Dur. 




All the time thoo was away, GUTHRIF. Kitty Fagan (1900) 118. 
Cum. 14 Win. Thoo nivvcr sah sic a bit a pink en white i' thi life, 
ROBISON Aald Taales (1883) 3. w.Yks. Weel thoo knaws, CASTILLO 
Poems (1878) 30. ne.Yks. 1 ' Thoo ' is always used when it is the 
first word in the sentence or elsewhere when special emphasis 
is required, as : ' Thoo knaws,' ' Dust thoo think at thoo can 
skelp mah bairn? ' 23. e.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 In emphasis, In/rod. 22. 
w.Yks. Thoo knaws, LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882; 285. (41) 
Flf. MELVILL Autobiog. (1610) 65, ed. 1842. n.Lan. 1 I kna thow 
can du it, thow's-like. (42) m.Yks. 1 In sharp utterance there is a 
distinct change of vowel [from oo] to [uw], Introd. 22. (43) n.Cy. 
(HALL.) w.Yks. 1 Mind to dunnot clap thy hand to papper. Lan. 1 
Wilto, hasto, conto? e.Lan.' Arto ? B.Lan. 1 Used as a termination 
to ' has,' ' will,' ' con,' etc., when asking a question. ' Hasto finish'! 
thi job yet ? ' (44) Cum. 1 (45! Cum. For she, tou kens, can always 
feel, ANDERSON Ballads (1805) 3 ; Cum. 1 Yks. Tou may go back 
as tou came, Howrrr Hope on (1840) viii. (46) Cum. Things 'at 
tow niver saw, Lonsdnle Mag. (Feb. 1867) 311. Shr. 1 Aslow ? 
[hastthou?] v 47) Nhb. Where has tu John? RICHARDSON Borderers 
Table-bit. (i846)Vl. 106; Nhb. 1 

2. Contractions: (i) Iftle, (a) Ivtle, if thou wilt; (3) 
Teaw'd, thou hadst ; (4) Teaw'll, thou wilt ; (5) Teaw'st, 
thou shall ; (6) Tha'd, thou hadst ; (7) Thae'st, thou shall ; 
(8) Thah'll, see (4); (9) Thahm'd, thou mightest ; (10) 
Thah'st, thoushouldest; (n) Tha'll, see (4); (12) Tham'd, 
see (9) ; (13) Tha's, thou hast ; (14) Thaww'l,see (4) ; (15) 
Theaw'd, (a) thou wouldst ; (b) see (6) ; (16) Theaw^l, 
see (4); (17) Theaws, see (15); (18) Theawst, see (5); 
(19) Thoo'd, see (15, a); (20) Thoo'll, see (4) ; (2i)Thoo's 
(a) see (13) ; (b) thou art ; (c) see (5) ; (22) Thoul, see (4) ; 
(23) Thou's, (a) see (13); (b) thou art; (c) see (5); (24) 
Thou'se, see (5) : (25) Thou'st, (a) thou art ; (b) see (5) ; 
(26) Thul(l, (27) Too'l, see (4); (28) Tou's, thou art; (29) 
Tou'st, see (5) ; (30) Tusdoon, thou hast done. 

(i) w.Yks. 1 , s.Lan. (J.A.P.) (a) B.Lan. BAHFORD Dial. (1854). 
(3, 4) s.Lan. 1 (5) Lan. TIM BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. 1806) 34. 
s.Lan. 1 (6) Yks. Tha'd never seen such a lass, TAYLOR Miss 
Miles (1890) xix. (7) Lan. Thae'st tay thi' dinner wi' me, KAY- 
SHUTTLEWORTH Scarsdale (1860) II. 301. (8) w.Yks. Yks. factory 
Times (Aug. 2, 1889) 8, col. 6. (9) w.Yks. Thahm'd as weel stop 
wi' me (JE.B.). (10) w.Yks. Thah'st tak his black coit, BYWATER 
Gossips, 15-, (n) Lan. Tha'll never get vally, CLEGG David's Loom 
(1894)132. (la)w.Yks. Tham'd as weel go an - all (^E.B.). (13) 
w.Yks. Tha's thi een oppen, BINNS Originals (1889) No. i. a. (14) 
Cum. (E.W.P.) (15, a) Lan. Aw little thowt whatn a blessin' 
theaw'd be to us, BANKS Manch. Man (1876) xliv. s.Lan. 1 (b) 
s.Lan. 1 (16) Lan. Theaw'l noa put me in, BRIERLEY Layrock 
(1864) x. (17) s.Lan. 1 (18) Lan. Theawst yer! TIM BOBBIN 
View Dial. (ed. 1740) 14. (19) n.Yks. (T.S.) (20) Nhb. Ef 
thoo'll oney sit canny, ROBSON Evangeline (1870) 335. (ar, a) 
Nhb. Thoo's done me a right good turn, PEASE Mark o' Deil (1894) 
36. Wm. If thoo's got owt to say, WARD Helbeck (1898) 336. 
(b} Nhb. Thoo's a gran' hand at compliment, CLARE Love of Lafs 
(1890) I. 20. (c) Cum. 1 (22) Nhb. Aw warn't thoul leuk as weel 
as the best, BEWICK Tyneside Tales (1850) 13. Cum. (E.W.P.) 
(23, o) Sc. (JAM. Suf>/>l.) n.Yks. Ah's pleeas'd thou's cum'd, 
TWEDDELL Clevtl. Rhymes (1875) 31. (b) Sc. ()tLM.Su/>j>l.) Nhb. 
Thou's neahn deef, BEWICK Tyneside Tales (1850) 13. Dur. 1 Stir. 
Thou's a selfish lout, BICKLEY Sur. Hills (1890) I. i. (c) Sc. (JAM. 
Sufipl.) Nhb. Thou's drink thy tea, N. Minstrel (1806-7) P l - ' v - 73- 
Dnr. 1 n.Yks. Thou's stop wi' me, TWEDDELL Clevel. Rhymes 
( lf *75) 15. (24) Cum. Thou'se neither wesh dishes, norsarrah the 
swine, HALLIWELL Nursery Rhymes (1843) 246, ed. 1886. (25,3) 
s.Yks. Thou'st bahn to scald me to death ! FLETCHER Paths of 
Prudent (1899) 49. (6) w.Yks. Thou'st have grass, PEEL Luddites 
(1870) 20. (26) Cum. 8 Th'u'll be seun aneuf at heam, 6r. Wm. 
Thiil varra scan hev plenty o' work, TAYLOR Billy Tyson (1879) 
14. (27) Cum. (E.W.P.) (28) Cum. Ton's owther fuil or font, 
ANDERSON Ballads (1805) a. (29) w.Yks. Nay, tou'st niver hae 
it, HOWITT Rur. Life (1838) I. 312. (30) w.Yks. 1 

II. Dial. uses. 1. pers. pron., nont. sing. You. 

Sc. The and pers. sg. pron. has quite disappeared from the spoken 
dialect, MURRAY Dial. (1873) 188. S. & Ork. 1 Generally used in 
addressing a person. Abel., Per. Almost never used (G. W.). 
Ayr. Thoo forgets that thoo'll be a culprit that day, HUNTER 
Studies (1870) 91. Nhb. 1 ' Thoo ' is only used by intimates, or by 
a superior or senior to an inferior. Used in any other way it 
expresses the greatest possible contempt for the person addressed. 
Dur. 1 Cum. 'Ton* in place of the 'you' when contempt or 
familiarity are to be indicated (,E.W.P.) ; Cum. 4 The second person 

singular in all its forms betokens familiarity or contempt. Wm. 
Thoo 'earse-'orse, thoo ! thoo wormy villain ! thoo melancholy 
maggot! OLLIVANT Owd Bob (1898) 15. n.YkB. ne.Yks. 1 In 
familiar speech between equals it is invariably used rather than 
the ' you ' of modern English, 23. e.Yks.' Used by parents when 
addressing children, and superiors their inferiors ; never vice 
versa. in. Yks. 1 ' Thou,' though naturally the expression of 
familiar feeling, is yet associated with contemptuous treatment on 
the part of a speaker. .. Towards superiors, the objective case of 
the second person plural is as a matter of course employed, but 
under circumstances of strong feeling it is apt to be changed for 
'thousand without that sense of unpardonable vulgarity which 
would attach to the form if used in a like manner in ordinary con- 
versation, Introd. 24. w.Yks. Still extensively used, but it is not 
so general now as it was twenty years ago. When I was a lad 
the following was the rule : ' SS ' was used in every case except 
that ' jl* was used (i) in addressing strangers, especially grown- 
up people, or as a mark of respect to masters and old people ; (2) 
children in addressing their parents ; (3) people who had made 
each other's acquaintance after they had grown up usually 
employed ' jl ' in speaking to each other, WRIGHT Gram. WttdMl. 
(1892) 118. Lan. He used the homely 'thou,' which with him 
betokened tenderness or emotion, FRANCIS Yeoman Flettwood (ed. 
1900) 14. s.Lan. 1 Used by a superior to an inferior person ; by 
persons of equal degree to one another ; as abuse or insult ; as a 
term of endearment. Chs. 1 In constant use. sChs. ' As generally 
used implies familiarity, or at least absence of constraint. It is 
thus employed by parents to their children [less frequently used 
to the daughters than to the sons], and a fortiori by grandparents 
to their grandchildren ; by a husband to his wife and vice versa ; 
by the children among themselves, by schoolboys, less commonly 
by schoolgirls to one another ; by a master to his labourers, though 
scarcely ever to his foreman or bailiff; by the labourers to one 
another ; by a master or mistress to the maidservants, but this not 
so frequently; by sweethearts to each other, &c., &c. Outside 
this general use, the 2nd person singular is also adopted to 
express anger, contempt, or strong emotion ; in each of these 
cases it may be used by persons other than those mentioned. 
Towards superiors the and person plural is by rule employed, 
and in fact could not, except with intentional impertinence, be 
exchanged for the and person sing., 65. 66. Stf. One thing that 
strikes a stranger is the use of ' thou ' for ' you,' the true Black 
Country man keeping like the Quaker to the older use, The Chronicle 
(Aug. 23, 1901). Not. Still used in addressing an equal or inferior 
(L CM.). Lin. Thou'll be good, won't thou ! Gilbert Ruggt(i&66) 
I. 37. sw.Lln. 1 Eh, lad, thou'st not fun the gainest road across 
that field. Nhp. 2 Shr. 1 About Newport, Gram. Outlines, 47. 
Glo. The laws that govern the use of ' thee ' and ' thou ' amongst 
agricultural workers, are not to be violated. . . On no account must 
' thou ' be used to a superior ; a co-mate, or inferior, is to be so 
addressed ; but when they quarrel the ' thou ' and ' thee ' should 
not be dropped, since that would be an admission of the adversary's 
superiority, BUCKMAN Darke's Sojourn (1890) iii. Nrf. Almost 
entirely disused, being only retained in some salutations, GILLETT 
Sng. Sol. (1860) Notes, 3. Hmp. 'Thee' and 'thou' are often 
used here between near relations or old friends (H.W.E.). s.Wil. 
Monthly Mag. (1814) II. 114. 

2. Used emph. for the ace. or dat. sing. 
Nhb. Aa can dee nowt mair for thoo, PEASE Mark o' Deil (1894) 
22. Cum. 4 ne.Yks. 1 ' He's com for thoo ' and ' he's com for tha ' 
would have a well understood distinction of meaning, the former 
implying that the person sought was one of many, the latter 
without regard to others, 23. m.Yks. 1 The use of the nominative 
' thou ' for the objective ' thee ' is restricted and general to rural 
dialect. ' He shall not go.' ' He will for thoo,' Introd. 22. 

8. Used with an imper. 
Nhb. Gan thoo back, ROBSON Bk. Ruth (1860) i. 15. 

4. Phr. (i) thou bad 'un, thou ! a term of reproach ; (a) 

be far, get away with you ; (3) did, 'at did thou, an 
expression of certainty on the part of the speaker ; (4) 

didn't, did thou ? a method of questioning expressive of 
surprise and doubt ; (5) never says, an exclamation of 
surprise. . 

(i) Cum. 14 In frequent use. (2) Lan. Never crooks their backs 
fur t'meauw gress or t'may a doike. Thae be far, KAY-SHUTTLE- 
WORTH Scarsdale (1860) II. 213. (3, 4) Cum. 14 (5) B-Lan. 1 

5. v. To address in the 2nd pers. sing. ; to speak fami- 
liarly to ; also in phr. to thou and thee. See Thee, pers. 
pron. 7. 

S. & Ork. 1 Nhb. Geordy, thou'd Jen Collin-O, A' 




(1806-7) pi- 'V. 79. Cum. 4 Ah'll thoo theh, if theh thoo's meh. 
'Spiteful thoughts that prompted him to thou John, 'DALBY7l/a_yoj'rf 
(1888) I. 77. e.Yks. 1 Farmers in general ' thou' their servants ; 
the inferior class (and the lower class of men in general) frequently 
their wives, and always their children ; and the children as 
invariably ' thou ' each other. Superiors in general ' thou ' their 
inferiors ; while inferiors ' you ' their betters. Equals and inti- 
mates of the lower class generally ' thou ' one another. These 
distinctions are sometimes the cause of aukwardness : to ' you ' a 
man may be making too familiar with him ; while to 'thou' him 
might affront him, MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1788) ; I did thou her, 
and sorry 1 is to thou my wife mother, SIMMONS Lay Flks. Mass- 
bk. 399. w.Yks. They say 'at it's vulgar to thee an' tha onnybody, 
but Yorksher fowk dooan't think soa, nur willn't as long as ther's 
a bit ov t'owd dialect left, an' that ull be awlus, Yks. Wkly. Post 
(July 10, 1897). Lan. In the district about Goosnargh, near 
Preston, prior to 1850, ' the husband and father " thou'd " his wife 
and children, but the wife always addressed the husband in the 
second person plural ; children did the same to both parents and 
all seniors. Persons equal in years and circumstances, and on 
familiar terms, always "thou'd" each other. For a young man to 
" thou " an old one was an unpardonable offence. A young man 
"thouing" his sweetheart served in some sense the part of the 
"engaged" ring,' Manch. Lit. Club (1877) III. 104, in N. / Q. 
(1877) sth S. viii. 259. Chs. 1 Equals ' thou and thee' each other, 
and superiors ' thou ' inferiors ; but inferiors always address their 
superiors as ' you." nw.Der. 1 Glo. 1 ' He thou'd and thee'd me." 
As a matter of fact the nominative is never heard. 

THOUGH, conj. Van dial, forms and uses in Sc. and 
Eng. [Sou; 89, 893 ; 8of(t] I. Dial, forms: (i) Dough, 
(2) Thaf, (3) Thauf, (4) Thaw, (5) Theaf, (6) Thofe, (7) 
Thof(f, (8) Thoft, (9) Thuf. 

U) Ken. 1 Introd. 6. (a) m.Yks. 1 (3) m.Yks. 1 , WU. 1 Som. 
JENNINGS Obs. Dial. w.Eng. (1825). (4) w.Yks. Nah, thaw ye 
knaw he's nowt bud stoan, PRESTON Poems (1866)3. (5) m.Yks. 1 
(6) sw.LIn. 1 It's not as thofe I'd a heap of bairns. (7) ne.Sc. A 
wark ye will in nae wise believe thof a man declair't intil ye, 
GREEN Gordonhaven (1887) 79. Abd. But thof there was nae 
greitin', na but sic a hullybaloo as rase upo' the corp ! MACDONALD 
Warlock (1882) vii. Lth. (JAM.) Edb. Thof to the weet my 
ripened aits had fawn, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) in, ed. 1785. 
n.Cy. (HALL.), Cum. (J.Ar.), n.Yks. 1 2 " ne.Yks. 1 It leeaks as thoff 
it wer boun to raan. e.Yks. 1 , m.Yks. 1 , w.Yks. (C.F.), w.Yks. 1 
n.Lin. 1 Thoo wraps thy sen up, as thoff it was snaw time. Glo. 1 
w.Som. 1 Do show as thoff we was in vor a hard winter. Dev. It 
sim'd as thof 'twas a dream, PULMAN Sketches (1843 58, ed. 1853; 
Dev. 1 Cor. One arter the ither as thof they thoft we was going to 
part, Blackw. Mag. (Jan. 1862) 7. (8) n.Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. 
add. (P.) Dev. Thoft 'tis a serious matter, PETER PINDAR Royal 
Visit (1795) pt. i. St. 7; Dev.' (9) m.Yks. 1 

H. Dial. uses. 1. Although if. 

WU. 1 A never vound un, thauf he'd gone dree lug vurder on, a 
cudden a bin off seein" on un. 

2. Nevertheless, after all ; used to qualify a sentence. 
Sc. (A.W.) I.Ma. A peculiarity [of the Manx dialect] is the word 

' though,' qualifying a sentence. This expresses the caution so 
characteristically Manx. 'It's a foine day though '= a fine day 
after all I.S.M.). 

3. Used as an intensitive : see below. 

e.An. 2 ' How it do rain ! ' indicates a heavy shower; but, ' How 
it do rain, though ! ' marks a much heavier. 

THOUGHT, sb. Sc. Irel. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Chs. 
Der. e.An. Dev. Cor. Also in forms thoch Bnff. 1 ; thocht 
Sc. (JAM.) Bnff. 1 ; thoct Der. ; thout N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 ; thowt 
n.Yks. 2 w.Yks. s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 ; tought Sh.I. [bt, bout ; 
Sc. boxt.] 1. In comp. (i) Thought-bone, the breast- 
bone or merrythought of a bird ; (2) -rife, having a ready 
memory ; (3) -sure, clear or sure in point of recollection. 

(i) Bnff. 1 , Abd. (JAM.) (2) n.Yks. 2 ( 3 ) l' m about thowt-seear 
on't, ib. 

2. Phr. (i) ifs my thoughts, it is my opinion, I think ; 
(2) next thought, .on second thoughts ; (3) to have a thought, 
to intend ; (4) a thought to, to provide for, take steps 
for; (5) thoughts on, to recollect, to think of; (6) to 
need a thought, to need to think ; (7) to take (a) thought, to 
think, imagine, intend. 

(i) n.Cy. GROSE (1790) MS. add. (P.) Lan. An' it's moi thowt 
ut he'd goo spark eawt in no toime, KAY-SHUTTLEWORTH Sfarsdale 
(1860) 11.302. e.An. 1 (2) Chs. 1 A very common expression to 

indicate that you have suddenly remembered something that you 
had almost forgotten. 'Aw'll go buey some baccy; bu' next 
thowt aw have na brass enoo.' (3) n.Sc. It'll be a cuittle queistion 
that for the Iyer chiels to say whether or no the man had a thocht 
tae shoot, GORDON Carglen (1891) 140. (4) Per. We maun hae a 
thocht to the services o' the Sanctuary the morn, CLELAND Inch- 
bracken (1883) 149, ed. 1887. (5) n.Yks. He hez thowts on't 
(I.W.). (6) Abd. I'll need a thought, ere ony thing I say, 
SHIRREFS Poems (1790) 109. (7) Per. I took nae thought that 
was siccan a by-ordinar' supper, Sandy Scott (1897) 13. Kcb. Till 
even an eyn he took thocht o' a wife To help wi' the warl' an' 
the fecht o't, ARMSTRONG Ingleside (1890) 216. 

3. Care, grief, sorrow ; a burden ; a cause of trouble. 
Sc. That wild son has been a sair thocht and a heavy burden to 

his mother GAM. Suppl.}. Sh.I. Fader kens da muck kishie is a 
tought lat alaene da spaede, Sh. News (Mar. n, 1899). w.Yks. 
It was thought that did for her (C.C.R.). ne.Lan. 1 

Hence Thochted, ppl. adj. anxious, concerned. 

Cai. She can see ne'er a door at a' for hirin', and she's sair 
thochted for it, MLENNAN Peas. Life (1871) I. 19. Ayr. I was 
geyan thochted 'estreen, when I heard the win risin' the way it 
did, SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 209. 

4. One who is wise or careful beyond his years. 
w.Yks. 'An old thought.' Usually employed with reference to 

children and youthful people (C.C.R.). 

5. A small quantity of anything ; a short distance ; a 
short time ; somewhat. 

Sc. But ye were a thought doucer than Valentine, SCOTT Si. 
Ronan (1824} ii ; 'A wee thought,' in a small degree (JAM.). 
Bnff. 1 Abd. Sawney was a wee thochtie sprung, ALEXANDER Am 
Flk. (1882) 150. Frf. They gat weddit, fouk said, just a thoctie 
ower sune, WATT Poet. Sketches (1880) 52. w.Sc. I hae been a 
thocht later than usual, CARRICK Laird of Logan (1835) 92; 
Maybe I'm a thocht pithless, SNAITH Fieneheart (1897) 52. Ayr. 
I'm a wee thocht tired, SERVICE Notandums (1890) 118. Edb. It 
aften kam ower me that she was a thocht oot o' her time, BEATTY 
Secretar (1897) 213. Dmf. Nature's been a wee thocht spairin' In 
giein' them wit, QUINN Heather (1863) 58. N.I. 1 , N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 
Cum. 1 Skift on a thought, will ta? Cum. 4 w.Yks. He war a 
thowt likelier nor th' rest o' th' men-folk, SUTCLIFFE Shameless 
Wayne (1900) 2. s.Lan. 1 Aw could eyt a thowt mooar o' that beef. 
Der. Tak a thoct o' brid and cheese, OUIDA Puck (ed. 1901) v. 
e.An. 1 A thing is said to be a thought too wide, too long, too 
heavy, &c. Dev. A little mouth . . . always a thought open, 
PHILLPOTTS Striking Hours (1901) 90. Cor. 3 

6. A nicety. 

Twd. Sheep's heid, singit to a thocht, BUCHAN Bumet (1898) 271. 

THOUGHTY, adj. Sc. Also written thochty (JAM.). 
[bo'xti.] Thoughtful, given to reflection ; attentive ; in- 

Sc. (G.W.) ; Fanny is two years younger than I am, and not 
so thoughty, Petticoat Tales (1823) II. no (JAM.). Gall. Just at a 
glance he mair wad ken Than half a hunner thoughty men, 
MACTAGGART Encycl. (1824) 189, ed. 1876. 

THOULESS, THOUM, see Thowless, Thumb. 

THOUMART, see Thummart. 

THOUSAND, num. adj. and sb. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Lan. 
Chs. Stf. Oxf. Ess. Cor. Also in forms theawsun, 
theawsunt s.Lan. 1 ; thoosan S. & Ork. 1 [Sc. Nhb. 
bu'zan(d, Lan. be - zan(t.] 1. num. adj. In comb, (i) 
Thousand-flower, the ivy-leaved toad-flax, Linaria Cym- 
balaria ; (2) -holes, the hairy St. John's wort, Hypericum 
hirsutum ; (3) -leaf, (a) the common yarrow, Achillea 
Millefolium ; (b) the sneezewort, Achillea Ptarmica ; (4) 
leaf grass, (5) -leaved clover, see (3, a) ; (6) -legs, (7) 
-taes, the centipede ; (8) to one, a kind of pasty ; see 

(i) Chs. " (2) n.Yks. (R.H.H.) (3, a) Lan. Nature Notes, No. 
ix. s.Lan.1, Chs. 1 (b) Chs. (4) s.Stf. A hontle o' thousand le'f 
grass '11 improve yo'r herb lay, PINNOCK Blk. Cy. Ann. (1895). 

(5) Bwk., Rxb. (B. & H.) Nhb. 1 (s.v. Hundred-leaved grass). 

(6) Oxf. 1 MS. add. Ess. The thousand-legs eats and makes them 
scabby, MARSHALL Review (1817) V. 179. (7) S. & Ork. 1 MS. add. 
(8) Cor. Their pasties called 'A thousand to one,' for folks say 
you find a thousand bits of taty to one bit of meat in them, 
SHARLAND Ways Village (1885) 119. 

2. Plenty. 
s.Lan. 1 No mooar for me, thank-yo', aw've getten theawsuns. 


[ I0 3] 


THOUSE, prep, and conj. Dev. Cor. Also in form 
th'outs Dev. 1. prep. Without, except. See Athout. 

Cor. I ain't had nawthin thousc bad speed never sence, PEN- 
BERTIIY Warp and Woof. 10 ; I'd come away Thouse my under- 
groun' clothes, THOMAS Flooding of Wheal Owles (,1893) ; (T.C.P.) 
2. conj. Except, unless. 

Dev. I bant agwaine vur to dQ't th'outs yO'll gie me zommat vur 
my trubbul, HEWETT Peas. Sf. (1893). Ccr. 8 I shent go thouse 
you go too. 

THOUT, v. and sb. Obs. Sc. Also written thaut Abd. 
(JAM.) 1. v. To sob. Abd. SHIRREFS Poems (1790) Gl. 
2. 5*. A sob. 

n.Sc. (JAM.) Abd. Her heart Out at her mou' it just was like 
to bout Intill her lap at ilka ither thout [thaut, ed. 1768], Ross 
Helenore (1768) aa, ed. 1812. 

THOUT, TH'OUTS, see Think, Thought, Thouse. 

THOVE, v. Ken. 1 The pret. of ' thieve. 1 

THOW, sb. Sc. Perspiration, a profuse sweat ; a fig. 
use of 'thaw.' 

Silt. The night is that muth an' breathless, I'm maist like to 
swairf. . . An' for you, ye are joost a' in ae thow, I see; an' hae 
muckle mair need that I suld dash a sowp cauld water on you 
than steek the door, HOGG Tales (1838) an, ed. 1866. 

THOWGHTS, sb. pi. Lin. Pieces of wool matted 
together, and hanging down in lengths of about four inches. 

Not in common use (J.C.W.) ; (HALL.) 

THOWL, sb. Obs. n.Yks. 2 In phr. to starve like a 
thowl, see below. 

He'll spend all his money and then starve like a thowl. 

THOWLESS, adj. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Also written 
thouless Sc. [pau'lss.] Wanting in energy, inactive, 
weak, spiritless, lazy ; useless ; insipid. Cf. thewless. 

Sc. I will not wait upon the thowless, thriftless, fissenless 
ministry of that carnal man, John Halftexl the curate, SCOTT Old 
Mortality (1816) v. Elg. Thy weak hues, thy thowless pow'r, 
Hang, languid, cure the town, COUPER Poetry (1804) I. 73. Abd. 
A blate thouless kind o' a cratur, Abd. Wkly. Free Press (Sept. 15, 
1900). Per. The thowless wratch, IAN MACLAREN Brier Bush 
(1895) 190. w.Sc. Ither sic thowless rascals that wouldnae dae 
a hand's turn for their native place, HENDERSON Our Jeames 
(1898) ia6. Ayr. Ye thowless jad ! BURNS and Ef>. to J. Lapraik 
(Apr. ai, 1785) st. 4. Lnk. Them that deal in tongue repentance, 
A thowless flame, COGHILL Poems (1890) 61. e.Lth. I peety ony 
man wha gets ane o' the thowless, han'less tawpies, HUNTER 
J. Inwick(i8gs} 148. Dmf. Yon great thowless slotch, HAMILTON 
Mawkin (1898) aa. Gall. A useless, thowless buddy (J.M.). 
Nhb. 1 . Cum. a n.Yks. 2 A poor thowless creature. 

Hence Thowlessness, sb. want of energy, sluggishness. 

Lth. She did not quite like some of Bell's remarks about 
' wasterfu'ness ' and ' thowlessness,' possibly because they were 
only too true, STRATHESK More Bits (et\. 1885) ao6. 

[Prob. a deriv. of QE.J>eaw, custom, manner, behaviour 

THOWLIE, adj. Obs. Sc. Listless, sluggish. Cf. 

Edb. Some said he kept tryst wi' the witches, . . Because at 
morn he was sae thowlie, An' yokit to his darg but dowlie, 
LEARMONT Poems (1791) 57. 

THOW-THISTLE, sb. Yks. Not. Also in form thoo- 
thistle w.Yks. 2 ?A mispronunciation of 'sow-thistle,' 
Soncfius oleraceus. w.Yks. 2 (s.v. Sowthistle), Not. 2 , s.Not. 

THOYL, see Thole, v. 

THRA(A, THRAAME, THRACE, see Throw, Tram, 
sb. 1 , Trace, v. 1 

THRACK, v. Nhp. 1 [J>rak.] To pack full ; to stow 
with care. Cf. frack, v., tnrag. ' It was thracked full.' 

THRACK, THRAE, see Track, sl>.*, Thraw, adj., 
Thro, prep. 

THRAG, v. Bdf. [praeg.] To throng, crowd. Cf. 
frag, v. 1 , thrack. 

The streets were thragged with people (J.W.B.) ; As full as it 
could thrag, BATCHKLOR Anal. Eng. Lang. 1,1809) MS- 

THRAIF, see Thrave, sb. 

THRAIL, 56. and v. Nhb. Yks. Der. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Bdf. Hnt. [brel, breal.] 1. sb. A flail. 

Nhb.', w.Yks. 2 , Der. 2 , nw.Der.', Lei. 1 , Nhp. 12 , War. 3 Bdf. 
BATCHELOR Anal. Eng. Lang. (1809) 145. Hut (T.P.F.) 

2. Contp. Thrall-band, the portion ol a flail which con- 
nects the two ' cappings.' Bdf. (J.W.B.) 8. v. To 
thresh with a flail. War. 1 

THRAIL, THRAILIN, see Trail, Trailing. 
THRAIN, v. and sb. Sc. [pren.] 1. v. To harp 
constantly on one subject. Cf. threnfe. 

Sc. (JAM.) e.Fif. Juist ane o' Tibbie's raven ringlets ! The very 
treasure I'd been thrainin' aboot for lang an' had never been able 
to procure ! LATTO Tam Bodkin (18641 xiv. 
2. sb. A refrain, constant repetition. 

Edb. Ill do sic wanton thrains become the Holy Name ; O sound 
His praise in the grand auld strains that fill the kirks at hamc, 
EDWARDS Mod. Potts, 6th S. i la. 

THRAIP, see Threap. 

THRAIVELESS, adj. Irel. Nhb. Also written 
thraveless Ant.; and in form threeveless N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 
[pri'vlas ; prrvlas.] Useless, bootless ; of a person : 
careless ; disinclined to do anything ; silly ; silly-looking. 
Cf. thieveless. 

N.I. 1 Applied to a person disinclined to do anything, the dis- 
inclination arising from weakness. ' I was thraiveless after that 
long illness.' Ant A wus jest thraveless at him [meaning he 
(the listener) who did not believe the story some one told, and 
was in the nature of a simpleton from astonishment], Ballymena 
Obs. (1893). N.Cy. 1 (s.v. Sleeveless). Nhb. 1 'A threeveless 
errand,' one where the messenger is sent with ' his fingers in his 
mouth 'with insufficient information, and consequently bootless. 

THRALAGE, sb. Obs. n.Cy. Nhb. Lin. Also written 
thrallage Lin. 1 Bondage ; pecuniary difficulty ; per- 
plexity. See Thirl, v? 1 (2). 

N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 Lin. (HALL.) ; Lin. 1 He was in such a thrallage. 

THRALDOM, sb. Sc. Also in form traldom Sh.I. 
Servitude ; oppression ; trouble. 

Sh.I. Tinks 1, ' dis maun be sumtin serious. A'll wager Girzzie 
'ill be gaein ta yall apo' me tacome ta me efternon, bit dat's diel 
stramp, fil I hear da end o' Bawby's traldom,' Sn. News (Nov. 9, 
1901). Edb. Eild and thraldom never stays, FERGUSSON Poems 
('773) 335. ed. 1785. 

THRALE, sb. Hmp. [Srel ; drel.] The flower of 
the oak. (H.E.) Cf. drale. 

THRALL, sb* and v. Obs. or obsol. Sc. Lan. Also in 
forms thraw Sc. ; traayll Sh.I. 1. sb. Oppression; 
restraint ; trouble, worry. See Thirl, v.' 

Edb. She wlia keeps this heart o' mine Deep in her een's be- 
witching thraw, MACI.AGAN Poems(i85i) 173. Lan. In my trouble 
and thrall, ROBY Trad. ,1839) II. a6, ed. 1873. 
2. Contp. Traayll fangin, a thrall-captive ; used of an 
odd, small, and square-built person. 

Sh.I. It may be seen from the use of this word, that the thralls 
(war-captives) of the ancient Shetland vikings have been generally 
of smaller size than their conquerors and masters, JAKOBSEN Dial. 
(1897) 48. 
8. v. To oppress. 

Edb. I'm wi' sic a grievance thrall'd, FERGUSSON Poems (1773) 
174, ed. 1785. 

THRALL, sb. a Midi. Der. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Glo. Also written thrawl Lin. 1 sw.Lin. 1 War." [prl.] 
A stand or frame for barrels, milk-pans, &c. ; occas. a 

Midi. The dairy thralls, I might ha' wrote my name on 'em, GEO. 
ELIOT A. Bede (1859) 1. 109. Der. 2 , nw.Der.', Not. ; L.C.M.), Lin. 1 , 
sw.Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 Nhp. 1 Beer-barrels and thralls are advertised for 
sale in the Northampton Mercury. War.' 23 Glo. NORTHALL 
Gl. (1896). 

THRALLAGE, see Thralage. 

THRALLING, sb. Obs. Nhb. A wall which formed 
a barrier. Cf. thwartner. 

The Roman thralling or barrier wall, RICHARDSON Borderer's 
Table-bk. (1846^ VI. 340. 

THRALLOP, see Trollop, v> 

THRALLOPS, THRALY, see Trollops, Traily. 

THRAM, v. Sc. 1. Obs. To thrive. 

Mry. (JAM.) Abd. While we honest means pursue, We j 
may chance to thram, SHIRREFS Poems (1790) 360 ; As yon braw 
laird, well mat he thram, fand me, Ross Helenore (1768) 43. * 
i8ia ; Ye'll no thram well, as lang's ye lie your lane, 16. 105. 
2. In phr. ill thram ye, a malediction. Cai. 




THRAM, adj. War. [pram.] Of grain : in a raw, 
damp condition. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). 

THRAM, see Throm. 

THRAMLE, v. Obs. Sc. Also written thrammle. 
To wind ; to reel ; also with off. Cf. thrumble. 

Bcli. Fu' fast she's ca'd the rim about, An' thraml't aff wi' awfu' 
rowt, TARRAS Poems (1804) 112 (JAM.). 

THRAMMEL, si. 1 Sc. Also written thrammle Abd. 
[pra'ml.] A rope to fasten cattle in the stall. 

Cai. 1 Mry., Bnff. Fastened at one end to the bakie, or stake, at 
the other to the sele, or yoke, which goes round the neck, having 
a swivel at the end which joins the sele (JAM.). Abd. Sells an' 
thrammles, ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) xxvii. Rnf. (JAM.) 

THRAMMEL, sb? Bnff. (JAM.) A little meal put into 
the mouth of a sack at a mill, having a small quantity of 
water or ale poured in, and stirred about. Gen. in comb. 
Meal and thrammel (q.v.). 

THRAMMON, THRAMP, see Trammon, Tramp, v. 1 

THRAMP-WITH, sb. Obs. Chs. Also in form 
thrump-. A sliding noose of withy or rope to fasten 
cows in their stalls. (K., s.v. Sahl) ; Chs. 1 Cf. frampot. 

THRANEEN, THRANG, see Traneen. Throng. 

THRANGERIE, sb. Obs. Sc. A bustle ; a busy time. 
See Throng, 3. 

Ayr. (JAM.) ; She has such a heart for thrangerie, GALT Entail 
(1833) 1. 

THRANGITY, sb. Sc. Also written thrangatie, 
thrangetty. [pra'rjgiti, -ati.] Press of work ; the state 
of being busy. See Throng, 3. 

Sc. Ye'll no ha'e been muckle frae hame yoursell, either, wi' 
the thrangatie, OCHILTREE Redbum (1895) ix. Fif. (JAM.) Ayr. 
Now I am near to the gloaming of a lang lifetime of thrangetty, 
SERVICE Dr. Duguid (ed. 1887) 185. Lnk. In siccan times, baith 
air an' late, The thrangity wi' horse was great, MURDOCH Doric 
Lyre (1873) 25. 

THRANK, THRANSMOGNIFY, see Throng, Trans- 

THRAP, v. and si. 1 Ess. [brasp.] 1. v. To crowd. 
Monthly Mag. (1814) I. 498 ; Ess. 1 Hence Thrapt-full, 
adj. excessively crowded, ib. 2. ib. A crowd. Gl. 
(1851) ; Ess. 1 

THRAP, si. 2 N.I. 1 [prap.] The windpipe; the 
throat. See Thropple, sb. 1. 

THRAP, see Threap, Throp, Trap, si. 84 

THRAPE, sb. Won A mark, stripe. 

He knew the marrow produced because of the black thrape 
round it, Evesham Jrn. (Sept. 28, 1901) ; A knaowed the mallah 
alung o' the thrape as thur wuz ov Mm (H.K.) ; (R.M.E.) 

THRAPE, v. Hrf. 2 To kill small birds. 

Of an absent Sunday scholar ' He's gone thraping ' 

THRAPE, THRAPES, see Threap, Trapes, 

THRAPPLE, see Thropple, sb. 

THRAPPLE-PLOUGH, sb. Obs. Sc. Also written 
thraple-. The old wooden plough with one stilt. 

The old Thraple plough is now seldom to be seen except in the 
remote Highlands, or in the Orkneys. It was also called the 
Rotheram plough, and was entirely composed of wood, with the 
exception of the culter and sock, and had but one stilt. It was 
drawn by four garrons or oxen yoked abreast to a cross-bar, 
which was fastened to the beam by thongs of raw hide or ropes of 
hair; and he who managed the stilt held it close and firm to his 
right thigh, to protect which he had the sHn ... of an animal 
wrapt around it. To keep the plough sufficiently deep in the 
earth a person was required to press it down, while another 
performed the office of driver by placing himself between the two 
central animals, where he walked backwards, protecting himself 
from falling by placing both arms over their necks. The mould- 
board was ribbed or furrowed, in order to break the land, Logal 
Gael fed. 1876) II. 95-6 in (J A M. Sutpl.\ 

THRAPSE, see Trapes. 

THRAPSING, sb. Stf. 1 [pra-psin.] A thrashing 
Cf. threap, 9. 

THRASH, see Thresh, si. 1 , v., Trash, sb la 

THRASHAL, THRASHAT, see Threshel, si. 12 , 
Thresh et. 

THRASHEL,THRASKAT,see Threshel^. 1 Threshet. 
THRASSEL, THRAST, see Threshel, sb. 2 , Thrust 

THRATCH, v. 1 and sb. 1 Obs. Sc. 1. v. To gasp 
convulsively, as in the death-agony. 

Sc. Graenin in mortal agony Their steeds were thratchin near, 
JAHIESON Pop. Ballads (1806) I. 245 ; She fainted, thratched and 
groaned, MESTON Poet. Wks. 84. n.Sc. (JAM.) Frf. Thratch an' 
thraw for want of breath, BEATTIE Arnha' (c. 1820) 28, ed. 1882. 
2. sb. The oppressed and violent respiration of one in 
the last agony. n.Sc. (JAM.) 

THRATCH, v.* and sb. 2 Yks. [pratf.] 1. v. To 
quarrel. See Fratch. 

w.Yks. 5 Thuh lead a sore life ; thratch, thratch, thratch, awlus 
thratching ! 
2. sb. A quarrel. 

w.Yks. A little lass in a thratch wi' 'ursel'n, ELLIS Pronunc. 
(1889) V. 404 ; w.Yks. 5 Ah'll goa hev a good thratch wi' t'dolly ! 

THRATH, THRATTLE,see Troth, Throttle, Trattle. 

THRAVALLY, see Trevelly. 

THRAVE, sb. and v. 1 Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Cum. Wm. 
Yks. Lan. Chs. Midi. Stf. Der. Not. Lin. Lei. Nhp. War. 
Won Shr. Hrf. Glo. Hrt. e.An. Also in forms thraif Sc. 
(JAM.); threave Sc. (JAM.) N.I. 1 Nhb. 1 Dun 1 n.Yks. 8 
e.Yks. m.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 1 s.Lan. 1 Midi. Stf. 1 s.Wor. 1 Glo. 1 ; 
threeav Cum. 14 n.Yks. 4 ; threeave Cum. n.Yks. 2 ; threefe 
n.Yks. 2 ; threeve Wm. ne.Yks. 1 ; threve Cum. 14 ; thrieve 
Sc. GAM.); thriv- Bnff. 1 ; traeve Sh.I. ; trave Sh.I. 
n.Yks. 4 e.An. [prev, priv, priav.l 1. sb. A measure of 
corn, straw, &c., gen. consisting of two ' stocks ' of twelve 
sheaves each. Also usedyrg'. Cf. drave, si. 2 

Sc. I have thrashed a few thrieves in the minister's barn, prime 
oats they were, Lights and Shadows (1823) 214 (JAM.). Sh.I. 
What mak's doo o' da twartree traeve o' bare, Sh. News (Sept. 22, 
1900). Abd. Coont the sheaves I've stookit, by the thrave, 
MURRAY Hamewith (1900) 26. Kcd. He had thrashed a threave, 
JAMIE Muse (1844) 92. Per. The Threave was a fixed unit of 
measurement, and for oats and barley consisted of two stocks 
of twelve sheaves each. Fourteen sheaves composed a stook of 
wheat. The sheaf was of course of determinate size. A sheaf 
of oats or barley required to be ten inches in diameter measured 
at the band, and a sheaf of wheat twelve inches. When reapers 
were paid by the piece that is directly in proportion to the amount 
of their work and not by the time for which they promised their 
services their wages were calculated at so much per threave. 
Threepence was the ordinary allowance for harvesting a threave 
of oats or barley, and fourpence for one of wheat, HALIBUKTON 
Puir Auld Scot. (1887) 144-5. Fif - COLVILLE Vernacular (1899) 14 ; 
Twenty sheaves of wheat, MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). s.Sc. 
(JAM.) Ayr. A daimen-icker in a thrave, BURNS To a Mouse 
(1785) st. 3. w.Lth. Fourteen sheaves of wheat is a threave, 
MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). Dmf. Their corn's put up in 
' stampcoles ' and in ' thrieves,' WALLACE Schoolmaster (1899) 339. 
N.I. 1 N.Cy. ' A quantity of straw, consisting of twelve fads or 
fauds ; N.Cy. 2 , Nhb. 1 Dur. 1 A bundle of straw equal to twelve 
battens. Cum. 14 Wm. MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863). n.Yks. 1 ; 
n.Yks. 2 Twelve sheaves of corn, or twelve trusses of straw ; 
n.Yks. 34 ne.Yks. 1 Twelve loggins or battens of drawn straw for 
thatching, each tied with two bands. Sixpence per threeve is the 
usual payment for drawing straw, and when similarly paid men 
are said to work ' by threeave.' e.Yks MARSHALL Rur. Econ. 
(1788). m.Yks. 1 A large pile of sheaves; of wheat, twelve; of 
'ling,' or broom heath, twenty-four; of straw, twelve 'bats,' or 
sheaves. w.Yks. 123 Lan. Produce was fourteen threave to the 
acre, and four bushels in the threave, YOUNG Annals Agric. 
(1784-1815) XLIV. 17. ne.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 , Chs. 123 s.Chs. 1 A 
farmer will speak of having so many thrave to the acre. Midi. 
MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1796) II. Stf. 1 , Der. 12 s.Not. He paid 
his thrashers allus by the thrave (J P.K.). Lin. STREATFEILD Lin. 
and Danes (1884*1 37*- n-Ltn. 1 , Lei. 1 Nhp. Ten sheaves of corn 
(W.W.S.). War. 3 Three shocks, or 24 sheaves of wheat. The 
custom was to put 8 sheaves in the shock, but when 'hackling' 
was inlroduced. 12 would be sometimes used, but the thrave was 
always 24. w.Wor. 1 Bundle of straw of twenty-four boltings. 
se.Wor. 1 , s.Wor. 1 Shr. 1 A term always used in the singular 
number, 'The Maister's sen' to know if yo' can lend 'im five or 
six thrave o' straw'; Shr. 2 Twenty thrave to the acre. Hrf. 12 , 
Glo. 1 Hrt. If every thrave [of wheat 1 contained four shocks, and 
every shock six sheaves, you had at the rate of thirty thrave to 
the acre, ELLIS Mod. H,,sb. (1750) IV. iv. 96. Suf. (S.P.H.) 
Ess. A double row of sheaves of corn placed facing each other 




2. A portion of tillage ground. Nhb. 1 3. A consider- 
able number or quantity ; a crowd, throng. 

Sc. (JAM.) Sh.I.A pound o' butter is no muckle among a trave 
o' dogs, Sh. News (Oct. 33, 1897). Slg. Our drunken gallows- 
slaves, When o'er their gills they meet in thraves, GALLOWAY 
Poems (1790) 31. Lnk. In came visitants a threave, RAMSAY 
Poems (ed. 1800) II. 463 (JAM.). Rxb. Wi' commentators at his 
lug, Which he from shelves in thraves did rug, RUICKBIE Wayside 
Cottager (1807) 130. Cum. They [thieves] wad come i' threeaves, 
DIXON Borrowdale (1869) 6. s.Lan. 1 , Stf.', Nhp. 1 War.HoLLOWAY. 
4. v. To put corn into shocks. Ess. (J.W.) Hence (i) 
Threaver or Thrivver, sb. a man who is paid according 
to the number of thraves' he cuts down ; (2) Threaving, 
s/>. the method of payment according to the number of 
' thraves ' cut. 

(i) n.Sc. (JAM.), Buff. 1 Kcd. While a reaper cuts, in the usual 
hasty manner of a feed shearer, at the rate of nine threaves a day, 
a threaver will, with less labour to himself, cut ten threaves in 
the same time, A grit. Surv. 364 (J AM -)- ( a ) n - Sc - (J AM -) Kcd - 
Threaving. This consists of paying each reaper individually 
according to his daily work, ascertained by the number of threaves, 
of two stooks each, and every stock twelve sheaves, and each sheaf 
at the band to fill a fork ten inches wide between the prongs. 
The price commonly given is four-pence the threave, Agric. Surv. 
364 (iA.). 
6. To throng, crowd. 

Nhp. 1 How they go thraving along to church ! War. 3 

[1. Ac I have thoujtes a threve of this thre piles, P. 
Plowman (B.) xvi. 55. ON. prefi, a number of sheaves 

THRAVE, v? Obs. Lin. To urge, importune. 

Vox agro Line, usitatissima, SKINNER (1671) ; RAY (1691); Lin. 1 

[OE./ra/faw, to urge ( SWEET).] 

THRAVE, THRAVEL, see Thrive, v., Travel. 

THRAVELESS, see Thraiveless. 

THRAW, 56. and v. 1 Sc. n.Cy. Also written thra Sc. 
[bra.] 1. sb. A dial, form of ' throe.' See Dead-thraw, 
s.v. Dead, sb.' 2 (29, a). 

Sc. (JAM.) ; To die with a thraw is reckoned an obvious indication 
of a bad conscience, Hi; AND Pop. Antia. (1813) III. 334, ed. 1848. 
Ayr. If she winna ease the thraws, BURNS Blithe hae 1 been, st. I. 

2. v. To suffer pain. 

Frf. Oor flowrie thraw'd wi' pain, REID Heatherland (1894) 18. 
Ags. (JAM.) Ink. Allho' wi' pains he girn and greet, And thraw, 
and twist like any sweevel, M!NDOE Poems (1805) 39. Dnif. I 
thought his heart begude to thraw, I thought the tears began to 
faa. SHENNAN Talcs (1831) 37. 

THRAW, v. 3 Obs. Lth. QAM.) To make rapid 
growth ; esp. used of young people. 

THRAW. adj. Sc. Irel. Yks. Lan. Also in forms 
thrae Sc. (JAM.) ; tbrea Yks. ; throw Lan. ; thry Abd. ; 
trae Gall. ; tray S. & Ork. 1 1. Awry. Uls. (M.B.-S ) 
See Throw, II. 16, Thrawn. 2. Stiff, stubborn ; cross ; 
reluctant or unwilling to do anything. 

S. & Ork. 1 Abd. He continu'd obstinate and thry, Ross Helenore 
(1768) 105, ed. 1813. Per. (JAM.) Ayr. Oor present Duke's nae 
thraw man, LANG Poems (1894) 41. Gall. MACTAGGART Enncl. 
(1834 ">. w. Yks. HUTTON Tour to Caves (1781). Lan. THOKNBER 
Hist. Blackpool (1837) IID - 

3. Obs. Of fortune : adverse. 

Abd. Our fortune's been but thry, Ross Helenore ( 1 768) 5 1 , ed. 1 8 1 3. 

4. Contp. (i) Thraw-gabbit, peevish; (2) -mule, a per- 
verse and obstinate person ; (3) -neckit, having the neck 
twisted (by hanging) ; (4) -sitten, lazy, stupefied. 

(i) Cld. My wife . . . ca's me a niggardly thraw-gabbit carlie, 
NIMMO Sngs. (1883) 117. (3) N.I. 1 (3) Dmf. Buccleuch would 
sooner get his forty score hogs than a pair of poor thraw neckit 
corpses, HAMILTON Mau-kin (1898) 375. t4)Or.I.(S.A.S.),S.ftOrk. 1 

THRAW, see Thrall, sb. 1 , Throw. 

THRAWART, adj. and sb. Sc. Also in forms 
thrawort Sc. ; traaward S. & Ork.' ; trawird Sh.I. 
|f>ra-wart, -ward.] 1. adj. Twisted, crooked. Cf. throw, 
II. 16. 

Frf. His chin an' his nosie . . . Werena sae rosie, Sac hookit, 

and thrawart, in days lang a\va', REID Heathirland (1894) 73. I nk. 

Man's life's ... A chain o' mony thrawart links, WATT Poems 

Vi 837) 15. Edb. Nature is like a flighty jade, . . and gangs at 


timcsa thrawart gate, BEATTYS>cr/ar(i897) 31 1. Gall. NICHOLSON 
Poel. Wks. (1814) 135, ed. 1897. 

2. Perverse, stubborn, ill-tempered, peevish ; unwilling, 

Sc. If j'ou get impatient it fa lamp! '11 turn thrawart, and do 
nothing but smoke and smell, KEITH Prut (1895) 151. Sh.I. Dat 
trawird auld deevil, Sh. News (May 30, 1899) ; S. ft Ork. 1 e.Sc. 
His thrawart granny, STRAIN Elmslie's Drag-net (1900) 168. Frr. 
He didna care though the warld tumilt overbuird a' tliegither, 
just because his sweetheart is thrawart, WILLOCK Rosetly Ends 

(1886) 58, ed. 1889. s.Sc. The wicked thrawart loon, ALLAN Putins 

(1887) 77. Edb. This sam' lucky Was e'en a dour an' thrawart 
bucky, Tint Quey (1796) 14. Bwk. When thrawart hearts wad 
frae the richt, On ill-rades gang, CALDER Poems (1897) 281. 

Hence Thrawart like, adj. having the appearance of 
ill-temper or reluctance. 

Sc. (JAM.) Abd. Very thrawart like I yeed in by, RussII,lenort 
(1768) 37, ed. 1813. 

3. Of fate, &.c.: adverse, unfavourable. 

Sc. Since it's sae I'se no repent, Nor at my thrawart fate relent, 
Shepherd's Wedding (1789) v. e.Sc. In the face o' his granny's 
opposeetion an' his ain thrawart circumstances, STRAIN Elmslie's 
Drag-net (1900) 165. Per. Let's tak' occasion fra the day To 
triumph owre a thrawart fate, HALIBURTON Horace (1886) 63. 
Edb. Our thrawart lot we bure thegither, FERGUSSO.N Poems (iy}$) 
174, ed. 1785. Bwk. HENDERSON Pop. Rhymes (1856) 169. 

4. sb. In phr. head and thrawart, with the head of one 
person against the feet of another; fig. in confusion; 
pell-mell. See Head, II. 2 (13). 

Dmf. The rest of you can streik yourselves doun on the floor, 
heads and thra waits, or just any how you will, HAMILTON Mau'kin 
(1898) 354. Per. Head an' thrawart, back an' face, We sat 
promiscouslie, FORD Harp (1893) 156. 

THRAWIN, see Thrawn. 

THRAWL, v. Lan. To argue hotly and loudly. Cf. 
threap, 5. 

Thrawlin' an' faytin' abeawt whether reds or blues are th' 
better liberals, STANDING Echoes (1885) 9. e.Lan. The word has 
nearly died out, 'threapin'beingsubstituted more frequently (S.W.). 

THRAWL, see Thrall, sb.' 

THRAWN,///. adj., adv. and sb. Sc. Irel. Dur. Also 
written thraun Sc. ; and in forms thrawen Sc. ; thrawin 
Sc. (!AM.) [Sc. brSn.] 1. ppl. adj. Twisted, distorted, 
misshapen; uneven; winding; of the brow: knitted. A 
dial, form of pp. ' thrown.' 

Sc. A loom purse makes a thrawn face, KELLY Prov. (1731) 53 ; 
I'll be as thrawn 's you, though you were as thrawn 's the woody, 
Donald and Flora, 13 (JAM.). Abd. He was a bit thrawn, too, 
and gaylins gyke-neckit, For aft on his shouther his head ye wad 
fin', CADENIII AD Bon-Aaord (1853) 355. Frf. Juist a wee cripple 
laddie, A' hisbackie humped an' thrawn, REID Heatherland (1894) 
103. e.Ltb. He was as thrawn as the hint lego' a cuddy, HUNTER 
J. Inwick (1895) 68. Ant As thrawin' as a dug's liin' leg, 
Ballymena Obi. (1893). 

Hence (i) Thrawn-ltke, adj. distorted ; (2) thrown in 
the neck, phr. stiff-necked. 

(i)Frf. Theirfacessaethrawnlikewi'girnin'an'greed,/,o^(a'i 
Mag. (Feb. 1893) 438. (a) Sc. The deil-begotten, cantankerous, 
thrawn-in-the-neck, ungrateful pests o' society that would far 
raither gang the wrang road than the right ane, HENDERSON Our 
Jeanies (1898) 128. 

2. Comb, (i) Thrawn-body, a cross person ; (2) -days, 
a name for a spoilt, petted child; also in phr. auld thrawen 
days ; (3) -faced, having distorted features, surly-faced ; 
(4) -gabbit, having a twisted or contorted mouth ; fig. 
peevish, ill-tempered, quarrelsome; contradictory; (5) 
headed, (6) -muggent, obs., (7) -natured. perverse ; (8) 
rumplet, twisted ; (9) -stick, a queer, obstinate person. 

(i) Per. Domsie's a thrawn body at the best, IAN MACLAKEN 
Brier Bush (1895) 33. Uls. (M.B.-S.) (3) Gall. MACTAGGART 
Encycl. (.1834); Transferred perhaps to the child itself from the 
circumstance of his being occasionally actuated by a perverse 
humour for a whole day, whence it might be said ' This is one o' 
his thrawn days ' (JAM. . (3) s.Sc. Thrawn-fac't politicians, now as 
thick 1' mony spats as paddocks in a pool, T. SCOTT Poems (1793) 
365. Gall. Wad ye daur to counter EppieTamson wi' your ill-talk, 
ye wee thrawn-faced atomy ? CROCKETT Dart o' Moon (1902,1 105. 
(4) Sc. MACKAY. Lnk. Sic a thrawngabet chuck, RAMSAY Poems 
(1731) 338. Rxb. His shackle-bane bruk by thrawn-gabbit auld 





guidwives, HAMILTON Outlaws (1897) 103. (5) Slg. Fortune, 
that thrawn-headed slut, Has gaen ye your share o' misluck, 
GALLOWAY Poems (1795) ir. (6) Ags. (JAM.) (7) Ayr. A set of 
thrawn-natured tenants, GALT Entail (1823) xii. (8) Hdg. This 
rare stable Patriarch, Ane-e'e'd, thrawn-rumplet, gaunt, and 
stark, LUMSDEN Poems (1896) 14. (9) Gall. Some bulks o' Tammas 
Carlyle, thrawn stick as he was, hae garred anither thrawn stick 
o' a farmer body lift his een abune the no wt an' the shairn, CROCKETT 
Slickit Mm. (1893) 23. 

3. Perverse, obstinate; cross-grained; rebellious; morally 

Sc. (JAM.) ; A thrawin question should have a thrawart answer, 
RAMSAY Prov. (1737). ne.Sc. For as thrawn as Jock wist' gae t' 
the skweel, GREEN Gordonhaven (1887) 28. Cai. 1 e.Sc. Call to 
mind what the thrawn wee cr'ature has cost me first and last, 
STRAIN Elmslie's Drag-net (1900) 97. Arg. A fine spinner and 
knitter, but thrawn in the temper, MUNRO J. Splendid (1898) 225. 
Fif. She . . . soon got out of patience with the thrawin, contermas- 
tius youngster, COLVILLE Vernacular (1899) 17. s.Sc. My ain 
opeenion is that the horse is kittle, an' that a thrawn carle sits on 
it, SNAITH Fierceheart (1897) 66. n.Ir. The farmer, the sowl, was 
as thrawn as a mule, Lays and Leg. (1884) 6. Dwn. He's as 
thrawin' as a mule, LYTTLE Ballycuddy (1892) 24. 

Hence (i) Thrawnly, adv. crossly ; (2) Thrawnness, 
sb. perverseness, obstinacy, contrariness. 

(i) Twd. 'What bird are ye?' he asked thrawnly, BUCHAN 
Weather (1899) 250. (2) Sc. (JAM.) e.Sc. There's just nae end to 
the thrawnness o' a woman that's in the wrang ! STRAIN Elmslie's 
Drag-net (1900) 186. Frf. How thoroughly Scotch the thrawnness! 
iNGLisAin Ftk. (1895) 130. Ayr. The leg will be stiff for mony a 
day to come, and like a timmer anefor vera thrawnness when I want 
to set it doon, SERVICE Notandums (1890) 48. Kcb. For pure 
thrawnness they may not. For utter dour devilment commend me 
to some of your extra-religious folk, MUIR Muncraig (1900) 182. 

4. Of the weather : disagreeable, bitter. 

Sc. Not in a thrawn wind like this. You'll bide at home, KEITH 
Bonnie Lady (1897) 56. 

5. adv. Angrily, crossly. 

Frf. He cried it oot fell thrawn, BARRIE Thrums (1889) xix. 

6. sb. Obs. A scolding, chiding; a sharp reproof. Dur.(K.) 

Traneen, Thraw, adj. 

THREAD, sb. and v. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. Also in forms threead w.Yks. ; threed Sc. e.Yks. 1 
w.Yks. 1 ; thrid Nhb. s.Chs. 1 ; treed Sh.I.; pret. thrid 
Dwn. [}>red ; brid, briad, brid.] 1. sb. In phr. (i) from 
the thread to the needle, fig. from beginning to end, the 
whole, every particular; (2) thread of blue, any little 
smutty touch in song-singing, chatting, or piece of 
writing ; (3) of life, the creeping saxifrage, Saxifraga 
sarmeniosa ; (4) to run up or sew with a hot needle and 
burning thread, to sew hastily and carelessly ; (5) to sing 
three threads and a thrum, of a cat : to purr ; see also 
Three, 1 (34). 

(i) w.Yks. Micky tell'd him all t'concarn fra t'threead ta t'needle, 
LUCAS Stud. Nidderdale (c. 1882) 220; w.Yks. 1 (2) Gall. MAC- 
TAGGART Encycl. (1824). (3)Nhp.Thethreadlike runners giving rise 
to new plants having suggested the name (B. & H.). (4) ne.Wor. 
(J.W.P.), Sur. (L.J.Y.) w.Cor. This will soon unrip ; it's run up 
with a hot needle and burning thread (M.A.C ). (5) Ayr. I took 
baudrons in my arms, and she sang three threeds and a thrum all 
the way to the window, HUNTER Studies (1870) 6. 

2. Comp. (i) Thread-dry, quite dry, not the least wet ; 
(2) -ends, bits of thread ; (3) -lapper, a thread-spinner ; 
(4) -pirn, a reel for thread, &c. ; 15) -thrum, a tangle. 

(i) Gall. Standing thread-dry on solid ground, CROCKETT Grey Man 
(1896) 358. (2) w.Cy. Don't throw them thread-ends on the floor, 
Cornh. Mag. (Dec. 1900) 749. (3) Abd. A coterie of weavers, 
thread-lappers, and hecklers, ANDERSON Rhymes (ed. 1867) 196. 
(4) Ayr. Weavers' 'thread-pirns,' which they turn out in large 
quantities from the hard birchwood indigenous to the craggy slopes 
of their native hills, OCHILTRIE Out of Shroud (1897) 8. (5) 
s.Chs. 1 Dhis tloo'kin)z au' in u thrid'-thrum. 

3. Linen thread in contradistinction to cotton. e.Yks. 1 

4. Fig. The thread of life. 

Dev. 'Tis time your wicked thread was cut an' Yeolands did 
cease out of the land ! PHILLPOTTS Sons of Morning (1900) 39 ; 
She'm dead as a nail, an' I'm glad 'twas I as cut her thread, ib. 427. 

B. Fig. A slip, stripling. 

Dev. There's many a thread of a boy that 'ud beat'ee at playing 
the man, ZACK White Cottage (1901) 28. 

6. The spiral convexity of a screw. 

w.Som.' Here, you must cut some more dread to this here bolt. 

7. A mining term : a horizontal parting in a stratum. 
Nhb. 1 Nhb., Dur. ' Sandstone roofs' are subject to fissures of 

various sizes and extent, called threads and gullets by the colliers, 
the larger ones being called gullets, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. (1830) 

I. 1 86. 

Hence (i) Threadings, thin layers or strata ; (2) 
Thready, adj. in thin layers or streaks ; filmy. 

(i) Nhb , Dur. Red and grey metal threadings, Borings (1881) 

II. 150. (2) Nhb. 1 Nhb., Dur. Strong thready white post with 
whin and water, Borings (1881) II. 10. 

8. Obs. A thin stream of water issuing from a horizontal 
parting in a stratum. 

Nhb., Dur. The least thread or leak of water, Compleat Collier 
(1708) 9. 

9. v. Phr. thread the needle, my grandmother's or the 
tailor's needle, or the needle-eye, a game ; see below. 

Frf. Then there was thread the needle-e'e, boys, INGLIS Ain 
Flk. (1895) 99. N.I.i Thread the needle and sew. Ant [At 
Belfast] Open your gates as wide as I And let King George's 
horse by ; For the night is dark and we cannot see, But thread 
your long needle and sew, GOMME Games (1898) 228. Wni. It is, 
or was, the custom at Kendal for young people to assemble in the 
Vicar's fields on Easter Tuesday ; and, after spending the after- 
noon there, to return in procession through the streets, ' thread- 
ing grandy needles,' N. & Q. (18671 3 r d S. xii. 329. Lan. 
Engaged in the games of ... thread my needle, HARLAND & 
WILKINSON Flk-Lore ( 1867) 255. Stf. GOMME ib. 229. Lin. Hop 
my needle, burn my thread, Come thread my needle, Jo hey, ib. 
Lei. It was formerly the custom on Shrove Tuesday for the lads 
and lasses to meet in the gallery of the Women's Ward in Trinity 
Hospital to play at ' Thread the Needle ' and similar games, 
BILLSON Lei. Cty. Flk-Lore, 114, in GOMME ib. 231. War. NORTHALL 
Flk-Rhymes (1892) 397 ; The players after passing under the 
clasped hands, all circle or wind ruund one of their number, who 
stands still, GOMME ib. 230. Wor. One custom of the town 
[Evesham] is connected with a sport called 'Thread my needle,' 
a game played here by the chiklren of the town throughout the 
various streets at sunset upon Easter Monday and at no other 
period throughout the year. The players cry, while elevating 
their arms arch-wise ' Open the gates as high as the sky, And 
let Victoria's troops pass by,' MAY Hist. Evisham, 319, in GOMME 
ib. 231. Shr. [At Ellesmere] the game of 'Thread the needle,' 
there formerly called 'Crewduck,' which still survives among the 
little girls, though it is not now confined to a special day, BUKNE 
Flk-Lore (1883) 522. Hrt. [In the Harpenden version] the two 
first [children] hold up a handkerchief, and the children all run 
under, beginning with the last couple, GOMME ib. 230. Lon. The 
last line ' To thread my grandmother's needle ' is called out in 
quite different tones from the rest of the rhyme, ib. Suf. 1 
Threading the tailor's needle. Ess. Thread the tailor's needle, 
The tailor's blind so he can't see ; So open the gates as wide as 
wide, And let King George and his lady pass by, Flk-Lore Rec. 
(1880) III. 170. Ken. 'Kiss in the Ring' and 'Threading my 
Grandmother's .Needle,' too, are sports which receive their full 
share of patronage, DICKENS Sketches by Boa (1836) Greenwich Fair. 
e.Sus. A number of girls form a ring, holding each other's hands, 
then one lets go and passes under the arms of two, who still join 
hands, and the others all follow, holding each other's hand or part 
of their dress, HOLLOWAY. Hmp. GOMME ib. 229. WU. A game 
known as ' Thread the needle ' used to be the favourite sport with 
the lads and lasses of Trowbridge on the evening of Shrove 
Tuesday, N. & Q. (1879) sth S. xi. 226 ; Wil. 1 A very complicated 
form of this children's game is played at Deverill, under the name 
of Dred-th'-wold-'ooman's-needle. Som. JENNINGS Obs. Dial. 
w.Eng. (1825). s.Som. At South Petherton, 60 or 70 years ago, 
it was the practice of the young folks of both sexes to meet in or 
near the market-place, and there commence ' threading the needle ' 
through the streets. . . They proceeded still ' threading the needle ' 
to the church, which they tried to encircle with joined hands. . . 
Old people . . . say that it always commenced in the afternoon or 
evening of Shrove Tuesday, ' after having eaten of their pancakes," 
GOMME ib. 231. Cor. To ' thread the needle,' now their skill they 
try ; All, joined and rushing, shout ' an eye ! an eye I ' The hind- 
most stop, the foremost wheel about : ' An eye ! an eye ! ! ' more 
loudly still they shout. The eye is formed ; the couple in the 




rear Stand wide apart, their hands clasped high in air; This arch, 
or eye, the foremost swift pass through, And draw the living 
thread as if it flew, TRENHAILE Dolly Pentreath, 6. [The children 
stand in two long rows, each holding the hand of the opposite 
child, the last two forming an arch. They sing the lines, and 
while doing so the other children run under the raised arms. 
When all have passed under, the first two hold up their hands, 
and so on again and again, each pair in turn becoming the arch, 
GOMME ill. 229 1 

10. To pass, follow in succession ; to pass through. 
Own. He thrid the glimmering woodland tall, SAVAGE-ARMSTRONG 

Ballads (1901) 340. Nhb. I could not thrid the window-pane, 
RICHARDSON Borderer's Table-bk. (1846) VII. 197. n.Dev. The 
months kept threading themselves one 'pon top t'other, ZACK 
Dunstable Weir (1901) 168. 

11. To draw in as upon a thread ; to let out or ' pay out ' 
a rope slowly and gradually. 

Sh.I. Hit's naethin' noo, dae say, fur dem to treed oot da sax 
pakies wi' da sail, an' dan have der ancher, Sh. News (July 3, 
1897). Rnf. Our corruptions, and so our desolation for a season, 
are like to be threaded in gradually upon us, WODROW Carres. 
(1709-31) I. 48, ed. 1843; Provided we be not gradually threaded 
into greater encroachments on the Church's rights this way, ib. 61. 

THREADEN, adj. e.An. 1 [pre'dan.] Made of thread. 

Within our memory ' threaden stockings ' were an article of 
Sunday apparel for village servants and apprentices. 

THREADLE, v. Lan. Brks. Ess. Ken. Sur. Sus. Hmp. 
I.W. Also written threaddle Sus. 1 ; threddle Brks. 1 
Ken. 12 ; and in form threedle s.Lan. 1 [bre'dl ; brrdl.] 

1. To thread a needle ; to thread, string. 

.Lan. 1 , Brks. 1 Ess. An Essex woman, who talks about 
threadling' her needle, Cornh. Mag. (Dec. 1898)808. Ken. 12 , 
Sur. 1 Sus. I can't sec to threadle my needle (S.P.H.); Sus. 1 
Hmp. She's threadlin' beads (W.M.E.F.). I.W." 

2. Phr. to threadle the tailor's needle, a game. See 
Thread, 9. Sus. 1 

THREALY, see Traily. 

THREAP, v. and sb. In gen. dial, use in Sc. Irel. and 
n. and midl. Eng. Also e.An. and ? s.Cy. Also written 
threep Sc. HAM.) Bnflf. 1 N.I. 1 Dwn. Nhb. 1 w.Dur. 1 Lakel. 12 
Cum. 184 Wm. n.Yks. 8 e.Yks. 1 Lan. 1 s-Lan. 1 Chs. 1 Der.; 
thriep Arg. ; and in forms thraep Cai. 1 ; thraip Bnff. 1 ; 
thrap s.Lan.' Won; thrape Per. Chs. 18 Stf. Lin. 1 War. 28 
Wor. Shr. Hrf. ; threeap Wm. n.Yks. 24 e.Yks. 1 w.Yks. 
e.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 Chs. 1 s.Chs,' ; threip Sc. ; threp n.Cy. 
Lin. 1 sw.Lin. 1 ; threpe n.Cy. Nhb. 1 Lan. Lin.; thrip Frf. 
n.Cy. Suf. 1 ; traep Sh.I.; traip Or.I. ; trape, treap 
S.Don.; trepOr.I. [brlp.brisp, brep; brip.] I. v. Gram, 
forms. 1. Pretenle: (i) Threp, (2) Thrept, (3) Thrope. 
[For further examples see II below.] 

(i) Ant. Ballymena Obs. (1893). e.Yks. 1 She threp ma doon she 
didn't dee it. n.Lln.', sw.Lin. 1 (a) w.Yk. (J.W.), e.Lan. 1 , 
s.Lan. i ( 3 1 Chs. 1 * 8 

2. Pp.: Throppen. w.Yks. 1 , Chs.' 28 
II. Dial. uses. 1. v. To assert positively, esp. to persist 
in or maintain a false accusation or assertion ; to insist 
on ; to swear, repeat or reiterate obstinately. 

Sc. Monkbarns had threepit on them to gang in, Scorr 
Antiquary (1816) xv. Sh.I. Kuidcr is traepid 'at A'm leepid dem, 
Sh. News (Apr. 29, 1899). Cai. 1 , Bnff. 1 Abd. What for sud I 
threip 'at I owcht to hae her? MACDONALD Donal Grant (1883) i. 
Per. Ye needna thrape that gate, Mistress Tirpie, CLELAND Inch- 
bracken (1883) 60, ed. 1887. Arg. Annapla thrieps there's a 
ghaistly flageolet aboot Doom, MUNRO Doom Castle (1901) 57. 
Ayr. She aye threeps that I lose her time when I foregather wi' 
you, GALT Lairds 1,1826) xxi. e.Lth. They're aye threepin that 
he's a terrible gran' scholard, HUNTER J. Inutick (1895) ao. Slk. 
Twa ilher shinin characters were in his rettenue as she threeped, 
CHR. NORTH Nocks (ed. 1856) IV. a6. Rxb. I dare threip there's 
no a dizzcn left, HAMILTON Outlaws (1897) 5. Dwn. KNOX Hist. 
Dwn. (1875). s.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). n.Cy. Bu>UNT(i68i). 
Nhb. 1 He threaped a lie i' me fyess. Dnr.', Lakel. 12 Cum. Will 
te threep a lee to my feace (JS.O.); Gl. (1850. n.Yks. 1 ; 
n.Yks. a ' He threeap'd me wi' liquor,' protested that I was drunk ; 
n.Yks. 4 e.Yks. MARSHALL Rur. Econ. (1788). w.Yks. 124 ; 
w.Yks. 8 He'll threap black's white an' white's noa colour at awal, 
will that fellah ! Lan. DAVIES Races 1,1856) 373. ne.Lan. 1 , Chs. 128 , 
Der. 2 , nw.Der. 1 Lin. Vox agro Line, usitatissima, Redarguere, 
SKINNER (1671). n.Lin. (E.P.) Nhp. 1 Not common. Shr. 1 I 

knowed as that plrugh-bottle wunna brought in, but that imperent 
bwoy thraped me rut as it wuz. Nrf. 1 

Hence (i) Threaper, sb. one who asserts or insists per- 
tinaciously and gen. falsely ; (2) Threaping, (a) so. a 
pertinacious reiteration ; (b) ppl. adj. insisting or asserting 

(i) Sc. Threepers o' lies again me heis, WADDELL Ps. (1871) 
xxvii. 13. (a, a) ne.Lan. 1 (A) n.Lln. Now we've had that 
threapin' creed to-day again [i.e. the Athanasian Creed] (M.P.). 
2. Phr. (i) to threap down, (2) down the thrapple or 
throat, (3) one down, (4) one out, (5) out, to insist 
or assert with pertinacity, esp. to persist in a false 
assertion ; to protest or argue strongly; (6) up, to refer 
to bygone mistakes or misunderstandings in an unkind 

(i) Nhb. 1 He threaped doon through. Wm. If Neddy sed craas 
wer black, Betty wed threeap doon et thae wer es white es 
dripp, Spec. Dial. (1877) pt. i. 38. (a) Frf. Another member 
would 'thrip down the throat' of the auctioneer that he had a 
right to his former seat, BARRIE Licht (1893) ii. e.Flf. Mr. 
Pilkhim . . . threapit doon oor very throats that he had never seen 
Skrudge afore, LATTO Tarn Bodkin (1864) xx. e.Lth. An' yet ye 
wad threep it doun my throat that ye're no fit to be an elder I 
HUNTER J. Iitwick (1895) 53. Gall. He wad threep a lee doon 
yer throat (J.M.). Ant. A didna' get speakin' a word, as he 
threeped, or threp, it doon my throat, Ballymena Obs. (1893). 
(3) N.Cy. 1 Nhb. He threapt me down (K.). Cum.' He threeps 
me doon 'at aa dud say scab. e.Yks. 1 She threapt ma doon it 
wasn't seeah. w.Yks. 1 He com back ageean, . . an began to threeap 
me down how I'd tell'd him aw wrang, ii. 295; w.Yks. 288 Lan. 
' It's nowt o' th'soart.' . . 'An' dunnotyo threep me down as it is,' 
BURNETT Haworth's (1887) xvi. Chs. 8 He thraped me down it 
were noine, but I knowed it were a dozen. s.Chs. 1 Stf. RAY 
(16911 MS. add. (J.C.) 150. Der. I threaped him down as I 
fancied yo" a fat lot more nor him, GILCHRIST Penkland (\&CJT, 75; 
Der. 1 n.Lin. 1 She threSp'd me doon Sam was dead, bud I seed 
him last Setterda'. se.Lln. (J.T.H.) sw.Lin. 1 The bairns threp 
her down that it was so. s.Cy. RAY (1691). (4) Wm. If Neddy 
sed et breead wossent beeakt anurT. Betty wed threeap un oot et it 
wes faer burnt tie a sindre, Spec. Dial. (1877) pt. i. 38. w.Yk. 
Shoo tried to threap me aght on it, HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1885) 
40. s.Lan. 1 He'd threeap yo' eawt 'at black's whoite. Chs. He 
has threeped him out of it (E.M.G.) ; Chs. 8 (5) Nhb. When aw's 
threept out o' what's se clear, WILSON Pitman's Pay (1843 48. 
Cum. T'girt chaps fairly threep't t'laalens oot ont, at their beucks 
war t'reet endup, SARGISSON Joe Scoafi (1861) a. Wm. Lunnoners 
wod threap awt inlul cuntry fowk, an think they will be soft enuff 
tae swallow awe their lees, WHEELER Dial. (1790) 93, ed. 1831. 
ne.Yks. 1 He threeap'd oot 'at he hadn't deean it. (6j n.Yks.* 
8. Obs. or obsol. To urge, press. 

Sc. Though you have destroyed yourself, threep kindness upon 
Him, THOMSON Cloud of Witnesses (1714) 350, ed. 1871. Slg. 
Thou suld threep kindnes of him, BRUCE Sermons (1631) iv, ed. 
1843. Ayr. If any wilt threap love upon God, they shall not be 
disappointed, DICKSON Writings (1660; 1.43, ed. 1845. N.Cy. 2 To 
threap kindness upon one. Cum. 8 Sooa frinds o' beath sides 
threep't it sair 'At partit we sud be, 73. Cum., Wm. NICOLSON 
(1677) Trans. R. Lit. Soc. ( 1868) IX. w.Yks. 1 ' To threap a thing 
upon one,' is to be urgent and importunate with him to accept it. 
Der. These arena goods to threap, OUIDA Puck (ed. 1901) xlit. 
Lin. (HALL.) 

4. To beat down in a bargain or argument ; to brow- 
beat, talk down ; to haggle over a bargain. Also with 

Sh.I. Lat's turn wiz. If we geng hame, an' spaeks o't neist 'at 
we come, he'll traep wiz oot o't, Sh. News (Aug. a6, 1809 . Abd. 
Johnny offered sax poun', .. after much threepin, as his ultimatum, 
ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) i. s.Wm. (J.A.B.), n.Yks. 4 
w.Yks. A man will say of a clamorous talker, he did not convince 
me, but he threaped me down, HAMILTON Nitgae Lit. (18411 340; 
w.Yks. 2 Lan. I won't be threeped down, FOTHERGILL H ratty 
(1884) xxviii. n.Lan. (W.S.), Not. 3 n.Lln. 1 I wean't be threp 
by a bairn like tlioo. 

5. To argue, dispute ; to wrangle, quarrel, contend. 

Sc. Ye micht as weel threep wi' a stane dyke, SWAN Gales of 
Eden (ed. 1895) xv. Sh.I. Efter da bride an' Lowrie wis traepid 
a while wi' da bridegroom, we took da rod agen, Sh. News ,Dec. 
15, 1900). Or.I. i,S.A S.) Abd. They hed threepit on a lang time, 
ALEXANDER Johnny Gibb (1871) xiv. Per. There's nae guc 
threapin wi' you, CLELAND Inchbracken (i88 3 1 76, ed. i 




Weel. I'll no' threep wi' ye, Abd. Wkly. Free Press 'Dec. 8. 1900). 
Ayr. I'll threep it wi' ye, gin ye like, OCHILTREE Out of Shroud 
(1897) i6a. Feb. To threep hard (A.C.). N.I. 1 , N.Cy.', Nhb. 1 , 
Lakel. 2 Com. He threeps about the nation, ANDERSON Ballads 
(ed. 1808) 77- Win. Naa brawling or threaping is heard, HUTTON 
Bran New IVatk (1785) L 471. u.Yks. 3 w.Yks. He sed he 
should go, an shoo said he shouldn't, an' they started o' threeapin, 
HARTLEY Clock Aim ( 1872) 48. Lan. Noather on um warrit nor 
thrapt, TIM BOBBIN View Dial. (1740) 26; Lan. 1 He'd threap 
o' neet if yo'd hearken him. n.Lan. 1 . ne.Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 s. Lan ' 
Him an' her were allus agate o' thrappin'. n.Lin ' He's alus 
threapin' aboot sum'ats. sw.Lin. 1 We were just threaping a bit. 
Sur. 1 

Hence (i) Threaper, sb. a contentious, argumentative 
person ; (2) Threap-ground, sb. a name given to the 
' debateable lands' on the Border ; land the ownership of 
which is disputed ; (3) Threaping, ppl. adj. argumentative, 
contentious, quarrelsome ; contradictory ; (4) Threaping- 
do, sb. a contention, quarrel, dispute; (5) -fit, sb. a fit of 
arguing or disputing; (61 Threap-lands, sb. pi., see (2). 

(i) w.Yks. Ah niver knew sich a threaper as ihee, Leeds Merc. 
Sup/>l. (Feb. 18, 18991. (2 N.Cy. 1 Nhb. 1 Part of Wooler Common 
is still undivided, owing to disputes respecting it. It is called 
Threap-ground, DENHAM Fit-Lore 1858)55; From Dead Water, 
North Tynedale. 'a long tract of land stretches southward, which 
was formerly Debateable Land, or Threap Ground,' MACKENZIE 
Nhb. (1825 > II. 257. (3) Win. Betty, silly body, wes a Hie, reedan, 
cankert. threeapan paddock, Spec. Dial. (1877) pt i. 38. e.Yks. 1 
She's varry threeapin. w.Yks. 1 Lile, threapen, complin Dannot, 
ii. 288. (4) w.Yks. We'd a threapin' do ower mi fatther brass, 
an' we all fell aht. an' noane on us 's iver spokken to one 
another sin', Leeds Merc. Suf>/>l. Feb. 18. 1899'. (51 Lan, Dody's 
thrappin fit meltud owey ith warmth oth brandy, SCHOLES Tim 
Gamwattie ^1857) 47. (6) Nhb. 1 , Lakel. 1 , Cum. 1 * 

6. To contradict. 

w.Dnr. 1 , e.Yks. 1 . w.Yks. 'E.G.) Lan. I never meet thoose two 
together but they're certain to be threeapin one another abeawt 
summat (R.P. 1 . Chs. 1 , Stf. 1 sw.Lin. 1 'I don't want to threap, 
but I believe it was.' To a child, ' Don't threap.' Shr. 1 

7. To complain, call out ; to reproach. 

Per. Ye needna threep, I've the feck o' thretty shillin's after 
payin' the doctor, JACQUE Herd Laddie. 27. Hdg. Longman's 
Mag. (Feb. 1901) 381. e.Yks. (Miss A.) Der. Because my 
grandad left his money as he chused . . . and then my feyther 
threeps it at me as if it's my fault, VERNEY Stone Edge (1868) i. 

8. To scold, chide, rebuke. 

n.Cy. (P.R.); GROSE (1790); BLOUNT (1681). Lan. Who 
threped an' threped, an' aw to becaw'd me, SHADWELL Witches 
(1718) v. 103. Cbs. Th' owd lass . . . threap'd me foinly, 
CLOUGH B. Brrsskiltle (1879) '4- -Cy. GROSE (1790). 

9. To beat, flog, thrash, punish severely. 

n.Cy. BAILEY (1721); (HALL.) s.Stf. The news come as he'd 
bin seed to thrape his wife, PINNOCK Blk. Cy. Ann. : 1895). War. 2 ; 
War.s I shall have to thrape this lad before he will attend to me. 
Wor. I'll thrape you finely (R.M.E.); Thrape the young un well, 
thot's wot 'e do waant (H.K.). Shr. 2 Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). 

Hence Thraping or Threaping, sb. a beating, thrashing. 

War. 8 I'll give you a good thraping for your impudence. Wor. 
Come home and give her a 'thraping' because she was liquor 
drinking, Evesham Jrn. (Mar. 25, 1899); ^H.K.) Shr. 2 

10. In thatching;: to drive down a peg or buckle into the 
thatch. Wor. Thrap 'im down (H.K.). 

11. sb. A pertinacious assertion ; an indictment, charge, 
representation of facts. 

n.Sc. Let us see what is to be done, and hear patiently all 
assertions and threaps, WODROW Soc. Sel. Biog. (ed. 1845-7) H- 
314. Cai. 1 Bch. At threeps I am na sae perquire, Nor auld- 
farren as he, FORBES Ajax (1742) 4. Abd. 'Bout onie threap 
when he and I fell out, Ross Helenore [1768 35, ed. 1812. s.Sc. 
The threep was fause, an' he gang'd tae the woodie, an' got 
a tbrawn thrapple for a deed he didna dae, SNAITH Fitrteheart 
(1897) 67. 

Hence Thraip-knot, sb. an assertion made without any 
foundation, with the object of finding out the truth of what 
is suspected or to prevent the doing of a thing dreaded. 
BnflF.' 12. Phr. to keep or stick to one's threap, to adhere 
to an assertion or purpose. 

Sc. Lady Ashton . . . will, as Scotchmen say, keep her threep, 
SCOTT Bride of Lain. (1819) xxvii ; (JAM.) Cai. 1 Dmf. Walter 

shall see I'll keep my threep, Though it should cost me dear, 
JOHNSTONE Poems (1820) 82. 

13. An argument, discussion ; a dispute ; a quarrel. 
Sh.1. Haud your tongue, Magnus, we're no gaun ta git in 

a traep aboot dat da night, Sh. News 'July 3, 1897). Abd. I nae 
mair sail say this threap about, . . That on my side the bargain 
didna fa', Ross Helenore (1768) 136, ed. 1812. Dmf. I had 
privately a kind of threap that the brandy should be yours, 
CARLYLE Lett. (Apr. 1866, IV. 331. Edb. They stop at last, but 
still look laith The threap to yield, Har'st Rig (1794) 21, ed. 1801. 
Cum. I'll pluck a lock of thy threep, CAIXE Shad. Crime (1885) 30. 
w.Yks. DYER Dial. (1891) 68 ; w.Yks. 1 , s.Lan.i sw.Lin. 1 We had 
a bit of a threap about it 

14. A contentious or quarrelsome person. 

n Yks. 4 w.Yks. As often applied to a woman as to a man. 
' Shoo is a threeap ; shoo's niver done I ' Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Feb. 
18, 1898). 

15. A tradition, legend; an oft-repeated saying; a report. 
Sc. They'll . . . hae an auld wife when they're dying to rhyme 

ower prayers . . . rather than they'll hae a minister ; . . that's an 
auld threep o' theirs, SCOTT Guy It. (1815) xlv. Rxb. It is a most 
senseless and unreasonable thing that our name should be so 
yoked with the Armstrongs because of the lilt of a silly old threip, 
HAMILTON Outlaws (18971 39. Dmf. (JAM.) Lin. 1 There have 
been many thrapes about me. 
18. A smart stroke ; a blow causing a mark. 

Wor. A gie 'e a smart thrape o' the yed (H.K.) ; I'll give you 
a thrape or two across your back in a minute (R.M.E.). Suf. 1 'A 
gon em a thrip under the short ribs. 

[5. Thei thaste hym full thraly, ban was ber no threpyng, 
York Plays (c. 1400) 430. 8. OE. breapian, to reprove, 
correct (HALL).] 

THREAPEN, v. Obs. n.Cy. Yks. Lin. 1. To assert 
positively ; to insist on a thing obstinately. 

n,Cy.BAiLEY(i72i) ; GROSE(i79o); N.Cy. 2 Lin. SKINNER (1671). 
2. To reprove, rebuke, chide. N.Cy. 2 , e.Yks. (K.) 

THREAST, see Thrist, .* 

THREAT, v. Sc. Irel. Der. Sur. Dev. [}>rit, J>ret] 

1. To threaten. 

Sc. Threating, striking, and burning with matches servants to 
cause them reveal their master, KIRKTONC*. Hist. ^1817) Append. 
404. Per. Thou threats that Smith by the's be paid, SMITH Poems 
(1714) 24. ed. 1853. Rnf. Faither threats tae use the tawse, 
NEILSON Poems (1877) 16. Ayr. Does haughty Gaul invasion 
threat? BURNS Dmf. Volunteers, st I. Gall. To threat John 
Macmillan with your swords and pistols, as if he were a fearful 
bairn, CROCKETT Dark o' Moon (1902) 457. Own. Whun danger 
threats, return, SAVAGE-ARMSTRONG Ballads (1901) 64. Sur. 'Ee 
threats to chuck pigwash over they, BICKLEY Sur. Hills (1890) I. 
xiii. e.Dev. I, too, can threat, JANE Lordship (1897) 137. 

Hence Threatful, oaf;, threatening; threatening-looking. 

ne.Sc. His eyes more sunk, . . his forehead more wrinkled, his 
nose and chin more threatful than I had ever before seen them, 
GRANT Keckleton, 7. Kcd. Threatfulest skies become brichter 
When Love is the guide o' the way, GRANT Lays (1884) 200. 

2. To contend or argue persistently. 

Der. 1 Ee thraett- mi, daay'n [He thret me down] (s.v. Threap). 

[per he wat; breted, & ofte bef called, Gawayne (c. 1360) 
1725. OE. Creation, to threaten (B.T.).] 

THREATEN, v. Yks. Chs. [bri tan, )>riatan.] To 
intend, purpose ; to promise. 

n. Yks. ' Aw threeatened ti buy my wife a new gown .' In some 
parts ' threaten ' is used quite as often as ' promise ' (T.K.). w. Yks. 
( J.W.) Chs. 1 I've threatened to go and see him many a time ; but 
I have never been. 

THREAVE, THREBBLE, see Thrave, sb., Thribble. 

THREDEGAL, adj. Obs. Suf. 1 Unsettled, applied 
only to the weather. ' The weather fare ta look thredegaL' 

THREE, num. adj. Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. Eng. 
and Amer. Also in forms dree w.Som. 1 nw.Dev. 1 ; 
tree Sh.I. Nrf. [prL] L. In comb, (i) Three-acre land, 
see below ; (2) -bob-square, triangular ; (3) -cocked hat, 
a cocked hat ; (4) -cord, three-ply, three strand ; also 
used advb. ; (5) -cornered, irritable ; (6) -cross-way, the 
meeting of two roads without intersecting ; (7) -cunning, 
intensely knowing, peculiarly sharp or acute ; (8) -day 
aguy, a tertian ague ; (9) -fold, the bog-bean, Menyanthes 
tn/oliafa ; (10) -footed, having three legs ; (n) -four, three 




or four; (12) -gill bottle, a bottle holding ij pints; (13) 
girded, of a cask, &c. : bound or girded with three hoops ; 

(14) -go, a measure contained three times in half a pint ; 
15) -grained fork, a three-pronged fork ; (16) -leaved 
grass, the white clover, Tnfolium repens; (17) -leaved 
laverocks, the wood-sorrel, Oxalis Acetosella; (18) -legs, 
(a) three larch poles fastened together at the top by 
means of a slightly-curved iron pivot ; (b) see below; (19) 
man, a cluster containing three nuts ; (20) -neuked or 
nooked, (a) see (2); (b) see (5); (21) -outs, see below; 
(22) -penny, a first reading-book ; (23) -plait or -plet, 
three-ply or plaited ; treble, threefold ; (24) -pound-tenner, 
see below ; (25) -quarter-bred, not quite full bred ; (26) 
quarter clift, a mischievous fellow ; (27) -quarter coal, 
a seam of coal about three-quarters of a yard in thickness ; 
a stratum of coal in Lightmoor Wimsey Pit ; (28) -quarter 
man, (a) a well-grown, strong lad; see below; (b) a boy 
or man not equal to full work owing to age, infirmity, &c. ; 
(29) -releet, (30) -road end, see (6) ; (31) -shear or -tup, a 
sheep that has been thrice shorn ; (32) -square, (a) see 
(2) ; (b) see (5) ; (c) a triangle ; (33) -staand, in three 
layers or portions ; (34) -thrums, the purring noise made 
by a cat when pleased ; esp. in phr. to sing three-thrums ; 
(35) -toed, having three prongs; (36) -to-leet, (37) -want- 
way, (38) -way-leet, see (6) ; (39) -year-old, (a) a young 
animal, applied esp. to cattle ; also used attrib. ; (b) pi., see 

(i) Ess. 1 In the i6th century . . . the owners of Canvey gave 
one-third thereof in fee simple to . . .' a Dutchman ... in con- 
sideration of his securing the whole island from the overflowing 
of the sea ... at his own costs. . . A third of these lands still goes 
to the repairs of the sea-walls ; hence the term three-acre land is 
applicable, not only to land held in this way at Canvey, but also 
to land held in other parts of Ess., 57. (a) n.Lin. 1 It was a thing 
three-bob-square, like th' end on a roof. (3) Snf. 1 (4) Sh.I. I 
tried da bit o' treecord tidder ower me shooders, Sh. News (Dec. 
aa, 1900). (5) Chs. 1 s.Chs. 1 Yo mun mind what yo sen to th' 
mester ; he's in a very three-cornered wee this mornin'. Shr. 1 
'Er's in a mighty three-cornered 'umour to-day. ;6) w.Som. 1 
(7) Hmp.i (8 ; s.Not. (J.P.K.) (9) Gall. (J.M.), n Yks. 2 e.Yks. 
MARSHALL Rur. ECOH. (1788). (10 Nhb., Dur. Slie next tuke up 
a three-footed stule, Dcnham Tracts (ed. 1895'! M.S. (n) Kcd. 
Sometimes a three-four sma' farms to unite As a'e big ane, KERR 
Reminiscences (1890) 101. (la) Lin. (J.T.F.) (13) ne.Sc. A three 
girded cog with the girds of wood, GREGOR Fit-Lore (1881) 43. 
Ayr. (JAM.) (14) s.Don. SIMMONS Gl. (1890). (15) Oxf. 1 MS. 
add. (:6)Cor. (B. &H.) (17) Yks.(B.& H.) e.Yks. MARSHALL 
Rur. ECOH. (1796). (18, a) Chs. 1 The legs are spread open at the 
bottom, and a pulley is fixed under the apex, they then serve for 
hoisting timber or other heavy materials. Smaller ones are in use 
to hang scales to when potatoes are being weighed in a field. (6) 
Shr. 1 A prop to support the shaft of a loaded cart when the horse 
is out ; it is made of a strong oak branch having three forks, which 
serve for feet, the branch being inverted (s.v. Nave). (19) 
w.Yk.' (ao, a) Sc. The Captain says a three- nookit hankercher 
is the maist fashionable overlay, SCOTT Antiquary (1816) xxxvi; 
(JAM.), Cat 1 w.Yks. 1 A three-nooked field. Lan. A three-nooked 
crinoline hung on to th' end ov a clooas-prop, Accrington Obs. (Feb. 
a, 1895). (b) s.Lan.' Hoo's getten rayther a three-nook't soart ov 
a temper, 39. (si) w.Som. 1 Used in the very common rustic sar- 
casm, 'A ginlman way dree outs wit, money, and manners.' 
(aa) Sc. Learning was no trouble to him ; and he was reading in 
the ' threepenny' before Jamie had mastered the alphabet, SWAN 
Gales of Eden (ed. 1895) iv. (33) Abd. Afore a fortnicht they 
doubled. Three weeks mair found them threeplet, Abd. Wkly. 
Free Press (Mar. 16, 1901). Edb. Their manes how neat, Wi' 
thrro-plait kucs, LIDDLE Poems (i8ai) 41. Dur. 1 'Three plat,' a 
threefold plat (s.v. Plet). (34) Wit 1 The name given by bird- 
catchers about Salisbury to the 'CheviP variety of Goldfinch, it 
being more valuable than the ordinary kind. (35) Ker. The fast 
three-quarter-bred mare between the shafts, BODKIN Shilltlagh 
(1903) 33. (36) Ir. Bob M'Cann, a three-quarter clift, CARLETON 
Trails Peas. (ed. 1846) 4. (37) Nhb. 1 The 3 Quarter Coal about 
3 Quarters thick or more, all which are foul or bad Coals, and not 
worth much, Comfleat Collier (1708). Shr. 1 93, Shr. 2 (38, a 
Nhb. 1 In collieries, the trams were formerly dragged along by a 
boy who held two 'seams' in his hand and pulled, whilst a 
stronger lad ' put' from behind. The boy in front was called a 
'foal,' ' foaley,' or 'quarter-man,' and if there were disparity 

between the two the stronger lad behind was known as a ' three- 
quarter-man.' If the two lads were of an equal strength they 
were called 'half-marrows.' (b'. Snf. (M.B.-E.) E. Twelve 
men who drew full wages, and four .lads about sixteen to seven- 
teen years old, who went as ' three-quarter-men,' BURMESTER 
John Loll ( 1901) 76. (39) e An. 1 , Suf. (C.G.B. ) (30) Lan. A'ch- 
boggarts held revel at every ' three-road end,' HAKLANO & WIL- 
KINSON Flk-Lore (1867) 60. (31) Der. 2 , nw.Der. 1 , Lin. 1 , Suf. 1 
(33, ) Wm. A three square bit o' wood (B.K.V n.Yks. A three- 
square file (I.W.). w.Yks. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 , n.Lin. 1 , Lei. 1 , 
War.", Shr.", Snf. (C.G.B.\ Snf. 1 , Ess. 1 , w.Som. 1 [Amer. Dial. 
Notes (1896) I. 334.] (o) s.Chm. 1 Oo)z in ii veri threV-skwae'r 
yc'wmiir. Shr. 1 The maistcr seems in a three-squar' temper this 
mornin'. (c\ Wm. (B.K.) Shr., Hrf. BOUND Provinc. (1876). 
Ess. A yard it had, in shape A sort ov a three-square, CLARK 
J. Noakes (1839! st 16. (33) Sh.I. Irvine begood ta pit a' da 
bread treestaand. i' da sea box, Sh. News (Dec. 9. 1899). (34) 
Nbb. 1 D'ye hear pussy singin three-thrums? Dur. 1 , Win. (B.K.), 
n.Yks. 14 e.Yks. 1 Ah like tl hear oor cat sing three-thrums, 
MS. add. (T.H.) w.Yks. 128 , n-Lin. 1 (35) Cai. 1 Ayr. A three- 
taed leister, BURNS Dr. Hornbook (1785) st.6. (36) Ess. e.Ati. (Apr. 
1863)- (37) Hit, (H.G.) (38) Snf. (HALL.) (39, a) Sh.I. Doo 
kens what owertook Tamy's tree-yirl'd I can say shfl wis a koo, 
Sh. News (Aug. 6, 1898). (A) Lim. ' Two-year-old ' and ' three- 
year-old ' are names of two factions in the co. Limerick, that from 
their continual fighting give the authorities much trouble, Flk-Lore 
Rec. (1881) IV. 133. 

2. Phr. (i) not to be able to say three words of a sort, not to 
speak coherently ; (2) the three counties, Norfolk, Suffolk, 
and Essex, as distinct from the ' shires ' ; (3) sevens, 
the year 1777 ; (4) three faces under or in a hood, the pansy, 
Viola tricolor ; (5) halfpence and two pence, (6) halfpence 

for twopence, a slow, ambling canter ; (7) sheets to or in 
the wind, partly intoxicated ; (8) stirs and a wallop, see 
below ; (9) to count by Ihreeses, to count three at a time. 

(i) Not N. &> Q. (1868) 4 th S. i. 605. (a) e.An. 1 (s.v. Shores). 
(3) Ayr. He biggit himsel', he says in the three sevens, SERVICE 
Nolandums (iKgo) 16. (4) Lnk. PATRICK Plants (1831) 134. Yks. 
(B. &. H.), Nhp. 1 , Shr. 1 (5) w.Som. 1 Dh oa'l au-s au-vees geos 
lau'ngdree aa-pns n tuup'ns [The old horse always goes along in 
a slow ambling canter]. nw.Dev. 1 (6) Nhb. They can hear the 
occasional rattle of a pair of wheels, or the ' three-ha'pence for 
tuppence' of a cantering horse, GRAHAM Red Scaur (1896) 35. 
(7) e.Lth. An'ra had taen mair nor was guid for him ; he wasna 
what ye micht ca' fou, but three sheets in the wind, HUNTER 
J. Inwick (1895) 335. e.An. He teaches them to swim an' takes 
moast trouble with their eddication when three sheets in the wind, 
HARRIS East-Ho (1903). Nrf. Arter tea, I was got verry nigh 
free sheets to the wind, EMERSON Son of Fens (1893) 343. (8) 
Edb. Eighty years ago in Edinburgh it was the custom for a man 
to walk through the town every day bearing a large shin bone of 
beef. His cry was 'three stirs and a wallop for a bawbee.' All 
the housewives had their vegetables stewing for the soup and 
gladly paid their bawbees for the privilege of three stirs with the 
bone, which was supposed to flavour the stew, B'ham Dy. Post 
(Nov. a6, 1893), in N. &> Q. (1893) 8th S. iii. 86. (9) e.An. 2 

3. Comb, and phr. in names of games: (i) Three-card 
lant, the card game of 'loo'; (2) -days' holidays, (3) 
dukes, see below ; (4) -holes, (5) -hole-teazer, a game of 
marbles; (6) jolly butchers, (7) jolly Welshmen, a 
children's game; (8) knights from Spain, see (3); (9) 
littles/lips, (10) man's marriage, (n) old bachelors, 
see below ; (12) -penny morris, (13) -pin morris or merels, 
the game of nine men's morris ; see Merrils ; (14) 
sailors, see below; (15) -stone ducker, a game of mar- 
bles ; (16) straws, a game at pitchback ; see below ; 
(17) sweeps, see below; (18) up, a game played by 

(i) Cum. Some at three-card lant wad laak, RICHARDSON Talk 
(1876) 59; Three-card lant, an lant oa at's on, an beggar me 
naybor, SARGISSON Joe Scoap (1881) a6. Wm. BRIGGS Remains 
(1835) 337 ; Lonsdale Mag. (1833) III. 378. (a) Shr. Two players 
hold up their joined hands, the rest pass under one by one, 
repeating 'Three days holidays!' . . They pass under a second 
time, all repeating 'Bumping day, bumping day I' when the 
two leaders strike each player on the back in passing. The third 
time they say 'Catch, catch, catch!' and the leaders catch the 
last in the train between their arms. He has the choice of 
'strawberries and grapes,' and is placed behind one of the leaders ; 




according to his answer. When all have been caught, the two 
pull against each other, BURNE Flk-Lore (18831 522. (31 [In gen. 
dial, use in Sc. Irel. and Eng. ; see below. Three children, gen. 
boys, are chosen to represent the three dukes. The rest of the 
players represent maidens. The three dukes stand in line facing 
the maidens, who hold hands, and also stand in line. Sufficient 
space is left between the two lines to admit of each line in turn 
advancing and retiring. . . The alternate verses demanding and 
answering are thus sung. . . At the gth or last verse they [dukes] 
' name 1 one of the girls, who then crosses over and joins hands 
with them. The game then continues by all four singing ' Here 
come four dukes a-riding," and goes on until all the maidens are 
ranged on the duke's side, GOMME Games(iSgS) 248-9.] (4) Lon. 
GOMME Games (1898) 256. (5) Nhb. Bedstocks that canny gam's 
noo duen, An' three hole teazer tee, ALLAN Tyneside Sngs. (ed. 
1871) 397 ; Nhb. 1 A game at marbles, played with three holes 
scooped in the ground. (6) Suf. 1 (7) Crn. One child is supposed 
to be taking care of others, who take hold of her or of each other. 
Three children personate the Welshmen. These try to rob the 
mother or caretaker of her children. They each try to capture as 
many as they can. GOMME ft. 257. (8) [A game somewhat similar 
to Three Dukes ; in gen. use in Sc. Irel. and Eng. See GOMME 
ib. 257-79.] (9^ Lon. Two lines of children stand, hand in hand, 
facing one another. They advance and retire in line, with dancing 
steps alternately. The children sing the lines. When the last 
verse is sung a girl from the end of each line advances and the 
two dance round together. This is continued until all in turn 
have danced in the space between the lines, ib. 280-1. (.10) Der. 
For this game three ' men ' are used, and .the board on which the 
game is played contains nine holes or points. . . Two played the 
game, laying their men alternately on any of the points of the 
board. The object of each player was to get his men ' all in a row,' 
and the game was won, N. (f Q. (1877) 5th S. viii. 218. (n) Yks. 
A game resembling ' Silly old man' (q.v.), GOMME it. 282. (12, 13) 
n.Yks. 1 (s.v. Merls). (14) [A game resembling Three Dukes, 
&c.; in gen. use in Sc. Irel. and Eng. See GOM.ME ib. 283-9.] ( J S) 
Nrf. (P.H.E.) (16) War. 2 Three rows of earth, sand, &c., are 
placed in parallel lines about a foot and a half apart. Each player 
is careful not to step or descend upon these ' straws' when pitching 
over the boy who makes the back, lest he himself should be forced 
to take the other's place. . . When the three straws are passed, 
and the one ' down ' is told to ' foot it,' he does so by placing one 
foot lengthwise against the other resting sideways, and then 
bringing the side-long foot, still sideways, in advance, and, lastly, 
setting the now rear foot beside, but in front of its fellow ; and 
again makes the back. This goes on until the distance is so great 
that one leaper, less agile than his fellows, fails to reach the 
'back,' or steps over or on the last straw to do so, when he is 
' down.' . . When the one ' down ' has a foot on each side of the 
middle straw a position which is called ' the fly ' each leaper 
must clear his back, and the three straws. (17) Sth. First of all 
there is a number of girls that stands in a row. There are other 
three girls in front of them. There is another girl at the back of 
the row of girls. The three girls sings [sic] : 'Here's three sweeps, 
three by three, And on by the door they bend their knee,'NicHOLSON 
Golspie (1897) 169. (18) Lon. 'Shove-halfpenny' is another game 

flayed by them ; so is ' Three up,' MAYHEW Land. Labour (1851) 
. 12. 

Threadle, Thrave, sb. 

THREEK, sb. s.Chs. 1 [brlk.] A cluster of thistles 
growing in a field. 

Eeur, goa- baak- On kiit dhaat- three-k flz yfl)n left dheeiir. 

Threap, Thribble. Sc. Cum. Wm. [brrp-tri.] The 
wooden bar or beam to which horses are yoked for 

Cld. (JAM.) Cum. MORTON Cydo. Agric. (1863); Cum." Wm. 
When thoo's yoken up ta plew thoo puts t' S-link on t'swinngletree 
throo t'D-link on t'threeptree, than thoo's e' fettle fer owt ( B K "> 

THREESH, sb. Obs. Wxf. 1 A trace ; the traces of 
a car. 

THREESOME, adj. and sb. Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Cum. Yks. 
Also written threesum Sc. (JAM.) Cai. 1 N.Cy. 1 ; and in 
forms threesam Cum. 4 ; thresum Sc. (JAM.) ; thrissome, 
thrissum n.Yks. 2 ; treesim, treesome Sh.I. [brrsam ; 
bri'sam.] 1. adj. Triple ; threefold, esp. in comb. Three- 
some reel, a reel or dance performed by three persons. 

Ayr. There's threesome reels, and foursome reels, BURNS Drifs 
awa' ; The lintie is a weel-faured bird, Wi' threesome sangs o' 
glee, SERVICE Dr Duguid (ed. 1887) 107. Kcb. There wus a 
threesome reel, an' Aul' Sandy wus yin o' the set, TROTTER Gall. 
Gossip (1901) 252. n.Cy. (HALL.) Nhb. Could bang them a' at 
threesome reels, WILSON Pitman's Pay (1843) 42 ; Nhb. 1 Cum. 
Tou kens we danc'd a threesome reel, ANDERSON Ballads (1805)2. 
n.Yks. 2 

2. sb. Three together ; a party or set of three ; a reel or 
game in which only three can take part. 

Sc. (JAM.) Sh.I. Dey wir a funny lookin' treesome, OLLASON 
Mareel (1901) 17; Da treesim is staandin' ta der bellies i' da waiter, 
Sh.News (June 23, 1900). Cal. 1 Ags. The threesome were aboot 
the laist to leave the tents, REID Howetoon, 95. e.Sc. You and 
Laurie Lugton and Gipsy Johnstone, you were a wild threesome, 
STRAIN Elmslie's Drag-net (1900) 61. GalL MACTAGGART Encycl. 
(1824) 497, ed. 1876. N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 Cum. Beneath his strokes 
a' threesome fell, STAGG Misc. Poems (ed. 1807) 94 ; A threesome 
then caper'd Scotch reels, ANDERSON Ballads (ed. 1808) 172 ; Cum. 4 


THREE- WEEK, sb. Yks. Lan. Chs. Der. Not. Also 
in forms threewick Chs J ; threewik s.Chs. 1 nw.Der. 1 ; 
threwik e.Lan. 1 ; thruick m.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 ; treek-, trewk- 
Lan. [brr-wlk, -wik.] 1. A period of three weeks. 
Cf. fortnight. 

w.Yks. Two fond stock-doves that I fund nesting a three-week 
late up i' Little John's Wood, SUTCLIFFE Shameless Wayne (1900) 
221. e.Lan. 1 , m.Lan. 1 , s Lan. 1 Chs. 1 We speak of a threewick 
in the sing, number in the same manner as we speak of a fortnight ; 
Chs. 3 s.Chs. 1 6o)z bin jed gy'et'in on fur ii threywik. Der. 1 , 
nw.Der. 1 Not. For full a three-week after what I have bin telling 
you, HOOTON Bilberry Thurland (1836). 

Hence Treeksin or Trewksin, adv. three weeks since. 
Lan. BROCKETT Gl. (1.846). 2. Comp. Threeweek-street, 
the County Court, 

w.Yks. They'n niwer to gooa it threeweek-street nivver 
botherd wit baileys, BYWATER Sheffield Dial. (1839) 113; w.Yks. 2 

THREFF, see Through, prep. 

THREFT, adj. ? Obs. Lth. QAM.) Reluctant, un- 
willing ; perverse. Cf. tharf, 2. 

THREHEEN, s*. Irel. The leg of a stocking without 
the foot. 

Wxf. (P.W.J.) ; A caubeen, threheen, and a sligeen on his 
unfortunate head and feet, KENNEDY Evenings Duffrey (.1869) 306. 

[Ir. troighin, a brogue, slipper, a stocking without a sole 


THREISH, THREKLY, see Treesh, Thereckly. 
THREN(E, sb. and v. Sc. Also written threen. [brin.] 

1. sb. A song or refrain ; fig. a story or tradition of a 
ghostly and gen. superstitious nature. Cf. thrain. 

Per. The thren of the dove, and the owl, and the bat, Which an 
old minstrel mason was heard to relate, SPENCE Poems (1898) 171; 
(JAM.) Edb. With mournful ditties sings the drooping thrush, 
And tragick Threnes are heard from every bush, PENNECUIK Helicon 
(1720) 136. 

2. v. To tell ghost stories or superstitious tales. 

Per. Ae nicht leaning Owre deein' embers, Kate sat threening, 
SPENCE Poems (1898) 184. 

THRENG, see Throng. 

THRESCOT, sb. Der. Not. Also in forms threscod 
s.Not. ; threscold Der. 1 ; threskut n.Der. [bre'skat] A 
dial, form of ' threshold.' 

Der. 1 2 n.Der. 'Wash that threskut.' Common ( S.O.A.), nw.Der. 1 
s.Not. She shall niver come across ma threscod again (J.P.K.). 

THRESH, sb. 1 Sc. Also in forms thrash, thrush, 
[brej.] A rush. 

Sc. Wi' their teeth green threshes chackit, WILSON Poems 
(1822) Twa Mice. e.Fif. It brocht furth plentifu' craps o' nateral 
girss, threshies, spretts an" segs, LATTO Tarn Bodkin (1864) i. 
Slg. Pliant bends like ony thrash, MUIR Poems (1818) 73. Rnf. 
Owre the burn 'Yont the green, an' thro' the thrashes, PICKEN 
Poems. (1788) 155 (JAM.). Ayr., Lth. (JAM.) Twd. The frozen 
lock and the dowie threshes, BUCHAN Weather (1899) 182. Rxb. 
Threshes formed the theekin, RIDDELL Poet. Wks. (1871) II. 137. 

Hence Thrush-bush, sb. a rush. 

Sc. Their bare preaching now Makes the thrush-bush keep the 
cow, CLELAND Poems (1697) 30 (JAM.). 




THRESH, v. and sb* Sc. Der. Also in form thrash 
Sc. [j>rej; fra/.] 1. v. In phr. to thresh other folk's corn, 
to meddle in other people's affairs. 

Der. It's niver no good a-threshin' other folk's corn ; ye allays 
gets the flail agin i'ye own eye somehow, OUIDA Puck (ed. 1901) vi. 
2. sb. A beating, dashing noise, as of rain. 

Gall. The thresh of the rain upon the lattice casement, CROCKETT 
Black Douglas (1899) 305. 
8. In phr. with a thrash, 'at one blow '; immediately. 

Ayr. I appeared in the court in Edinburgh wi' a thrash, and had 
the case settled in a jiffy, HUNTER Sludiis (.1870) 235. 

THRESH, see Thrush, s*. 1 

THRESHEL, sb. 1 Lan. War. Wor. Shr. Hrf. Glo. 
Hmp. Wil. Som. Cor. Also written threshal Hrf.' ; 
threshell Lan. ; threshle Wil. 1 ; and in forms thrashal 
Shr. 1 ; thrashel(l Shr. 2 Hrf. 2 Hmp. 1 Cor. 2 ; thrashleSom.; 
throstle War. [pre'Jl.] A flail ; also in phr. a pair of 
threshels. Cf. drashel, sb. 1 

Lan. (S.W.), (K.), War. (J.R.W.), w.Wor. 1 , Shr. 12 , Hrf.i" 
Glo. Horae Subsecivae (till) 430; Glo. 1 , Hmp. (J.R.W. 1 , Hmp. 1 
Wil. DAVIS Agrit. ,1813); Wil. 1 Som. W. &J. Gl. (1873). Cor. 23 

fOE. berscel, briscel, a flail (SWEET).] 

THRESHEL, sb. 1 Sc. Irel. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. Lin. 
e.An. Also in forms thrashel Abd. ; thrassel Suf. ; 
thressel n.Lin. 1 ; thressle w.Yks. 1 Not. 2 ; throshel Suf. ; 
troshel e.An. 1 ; trestle Nrf. [bre'Jl.] 1. A dial, form 
of ' threshold.' See Drashel, sb* 

Sc. Luckie out o'er the threshal goes, PENNECUIK Coll. (1787) 
ia. Abd. To cross the thrashel o' oor hoose, WILLIAMS fairmtr's 
Tint Laddies (1900) St. 4. N.I. 1 Don. The house crammed, 
kitchen an' room, all the time, from the threshel to the backstone, 
MACMANUS Bend of Road (1898) 90. w.Yks. Ah see yo've gotten 
a new thressle on t'door-hoile, Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Feb. 35, 1899). 
Not. 2 Lin. Vox agro Line, frequens, Tritorium, SKINNER (1671). 
n.Lin. 1 , e.An. 1 Nrf. Polly she tumbled over the trostle, COZENS- 
HARDY Broad Nrf . (1893) 15. Suf. (C.T.) ; (M.E.R.) 
2. A wooden bar fixed against the bottom of a door to 
keep out rain. e.Lan. 1 

THRESHER, sb. Yks. [bre-Ja(r).l In phr. to pull like 
a thresher, to pull strongly. w.Yks. HALLAM Wadsley Jack 
(1866) viii. 

THRESHER, see Thrusher. 

THRESHET, sb. Chs. 18 s.Chs. 1 Shr. 1 Also written 
threshat Chs. 1 ; and in form thrashat Shr. 1 [Misprinted 
thrasket Chs. 18 ] A flail ; occas. in //. 

THRESH-FOD, sb. Obs. Yks. A dial, form of 
' threshold.' w.Yks. (HALL.), w.Yks. 1 

THRESHIE-COAT, sb. Sc. An old working coat. 

Sc. My ain auld brown threshie-coat of a short gown, SCOTT 
Midlothian (1818) xvi. Rxb. The seams of the old threshy coat 
I wore, HAMILTON Outlaws (1897) 173. 

THRESHING, ppl. adj. Sc. Irel. Also written 
thrashing Sc. [bra-Jin.] In comp. (i) Threshing-board, 
the board on which grain is threshed with the flail ; (a) 
tree, a flail. 

(i) n.Ir. They had the threshin' boards prappit up on fower 
barrels, LYTTLE Paddy McQuillan, 88. (a) Edb. Rest your weary 
shanks awhile, Come, rest your thrashin'-tree, MACLAGAN Poems 
(1851) 336. 

THRESHWOOD,s6. Sc. Cum. Wm. Lan. Also in forms 
threshurt Cum. 1 ; threshut m.Lan. 1 ; threshwart Fif. 
(JAM.) ; threshwort Fif. (ib.) Cum. ; threshwurt Cum. 1 
[bre'Jwud, -wad, -wat.] A dial, form of ' threshold ' ; the 
sill or wooden beam in front of the door. 

Fif. The threshwart is distinguished from the 'dore-stane,' the 
former denoting the sill or piece of wood above the ' dore-stane,' 
in old houses, on which the door shut, as it was also meant for 
throwing off the rain (JAM.). Cum. The threshwort's worn 
quite hollow down, DICKINSON Lit. Rent. (1888) 234 ; Cum. 1 
Wm. Upon this thresh-wood . . . cross straws were laid, BRIGCS 
Remains ( 1835) 315. e.Yks. As long as there's a threshwood to 
the door, or a tile on the roof, WRAY NtsllrtoH (1876) 148; 
(C.E.F.) Lan. Mind thou doesno' tumble o'er that threshut, 
BHIEKLTY Out of Work, x. m.Lan. 1 

THRESKLE, sb. Not. [bre'skl.] A dial, form of 
1 threshold.' Cf. threshel, sb. 2 

.Not. She were stanning on the threskle ; she wouldn't coom 
in J.P.K.). 

THRESKUT, THRESSLE, see Threscot, Threshel, sb * 

THRESTLE, sb. Yks. Der. Not. Lin. Also written 
thressel n.Lin. 1 ; and in form tbrussle e.Yks. [bre'sl.] 
A corruption of ' trestle.' Also used altrib. 

e.Yks. The things fullockt aboot balm Ik-ear, undher teeable an 
atwixt thrussle legs, NICHOLSON /"/*. S/>. (1889) 34. Der. 1 s.Not. 
For tables they hed boards on threstles (J.P. K.). n.Lin. 1 

THREUCH, THREVE, see Through, sb.*, Thrave, sb. 

THREWIK, see Three-week. 

THRIBBLE, adj. Sc. Nhb. Cum. Yks. Lan. Der. Not. 
Lei. War. Wor. Ess. Ken. Also written thrible Ken. 1 ; 
and in forms threbble Nhb. 1 nw.Der. 1 ; threble s.Not. 
Ess. ; threeple Abd. (JAM.) [bri'bl ; bre'bl.] A corrup- 
tion of ' treble ' from association with ' three ' ; threefold. 

Abd. (JAM.) Nhb. Ye've paid just thribble as much for'd as ye 
owt. Com. (E.W.P.), Cum. 1 , n.Yks/ w.Yks. ' Double handed 
and thribble throated.' Said of a person who, although he may 
have a good income, spends a large proportion of it in drink 
(S.K.C.) ; w.Yks. 24 , s.Lan. 1 , nw.Der. 1 , Not. 1 s.Not. I'd give 
threble the value before I'd loase it (J.P.K.). Lei. 1 Yo'll pee 
dooble or thribble, an' not so good naylher. War.* w.Wor. 1 
The b'ys nowadaays is that fast, thaay'll sahce [sauce] a man 
thribble tliar age. se. Wor. ' , Ken. 1 

Hence Threbled, pp., obs., taking or skimming the 
cream off milk for the third time. Cf. fleet, v* II. 1. 

Ess. It is then threbled or pat into tubs, or still deeper vessels, 
where it is occasionally skimmed and kept as long as any appear- 
ance of cream or richer milk is found to form upon the surface, 
MARSHALL Review (1817) V. 164. 

THRIBBLE, see Thible. 

THRIB'LOUS, adj. m.Yks. 1 A mispronunciation of 
' frivolous.' 

THRIBS, sb. pi. Lin. Snf. Amer. Also in form tribs 
Suf. 1 [bribz.] Three, used esp. in playing marbles. 
Cf. dubs. 

Lin. 1 se.Lln. Make itthribs(J.T.B.). Suf. 1 [Amer. DM. Notes 
(1896) I. 34.] 

THRICE-COCK, sb. Midi. Lei. War. Shr. Also in 
form throice- Lei. 1 [brai's-, brois-kok.] The missel- 
thrush, Turdus viscivorus. A corruption of 'thrush-cock 1 

Midi. SwAiNSON.ayrfs(i885)3. Li.', War. 23 Shr. SWAINSON 
ib. ; Shr. 1 

THRICE-THRUMS, sb. Stf. 1 The purring of a cat. 
See Three-thrums, s.v. Three, 1 (34). 

THRICHE, THRICKER, see Thrutch, Tricker. 

THRID, see Thread, Third. 

THRIDDLE, sb. l.Ma. A shiver, a convulsive move- 

The thriddle of thrimblin that shivered the back of this Harry, 
BROWN Witch (1889) 65. 

THRIEP, THRIEVE, see Threap, Thrave, sb. 

THRIF, see Through, prep., Thrift, sb. 1 

THRIFT, sb. 1 Sc. Nhb. Dur. Wm. Yks. Der. Also in 
forms thrif e.Yks. 1 ; trift S. & Ork. 1 [brift] 1. In 
comp. (i) Thrift-box, a money or savings box ; (2) -hod, 
the profitable part of a business ; (3) -pot, see (i). 

(i) Nhb. 1 Nhb., Dur. A thrift box, as it is vulgarly called, is put 
up against the wall and every customer puts in something, 
BRAND Pop. Antiq. (ed. 1777) 164. Dur. 1 , Wm. 1 , n.Yks. 1 *, 
e.Yks. 1 , Der. 2 , nw.Der. 1 (a) n.Yks." He's gitten thrift-hod on't 
13) w.Yks. Yol find all that i' t'thrift-pot at yod a spent, TOM 
TREDDLEHOYLE Bairnsla Ann. (1863) 54 ; w.Yks. 24 

2. Prosperity, success ; luck. Also in comb. Ill thrift. 
Sh.I. Ill trift be ta her fail face dat put dee aff o't, STEWART 

Tales (1893) 86. Bch. Then to his thrift he bid adieu, FOKBES 
Dominit (1785) 39. Ltb. Beauty's e'en a doubtfu' gift, Wi' mickle 
shew, but little thrift, BALLANTINE Poems (1856) 71. 

Hence (i) Thriftless, adj. unprofitable, useless ; un- 
prosperous, unsuccessful; (a) Triftin, sb. in comb. Ill 
triftin, bad luck, ill success ; see below. 

(i) Ayr. Learmont . . . did much to temper and turn aside the 
thriftless ordinances of his superior, GALT Gilhaiet (1833) xviii. 
Dmf. Dinna grieve for me Nor wi' a thriftless sorrow murn, THOSI 
Jock o Knowe (1878) 90. (a~) S. & Ork. 1 ' I'll triftin' on dat face, 1 
may your face (fig. for the whole person) not thrive. 

3. Work, occupation, employment, business. 

Sh.I. HQve by your trift ane of you, an' help aunty ta scraep, 




Sk. News (Oct. 8, 1898) ; S. & Ork. 1 Work of any kind, but 
particularly knitting. Frf. The darger left his thrift, LOWSON 
Guidfollow (1890) 239. Edb. When night comes on ... lasses sit 
down to their thrift, CRAWFORD Poems (1798) 43. 

THRIFT, sb? Yks. Lan. Chs. [prift.] Growing pains 
experienced by young people. 

w.Yks. 24 Lan. GROSE 1,1790) MS. add. (P.) e.Lan. 1 , m.Lan. 1 
s.Lan. 1 That lad's getten th' thrift. Chs. 1 What ails the, pooin 
thi face ? It's nowt bu' th' thrift that tha's getten. s.Chs. 1 

THRIFT, sb. a Obs. Suf. 1 Loose scurf on the skin of 
an ill-groomed horse. 

THRIFT, see Through, prep. 

THRIFTY, adj. Sh.I. Lin. Wor. Glo. Cmb. Suf. Hmp. 
Also in form trifty Sh.I. [pri'fii.] 1. Thriving, 

flourishing, in good condition or health. Also used advb. 

Lin. Geese are the only animals which are at any time thrifty, 
MARSHALL Review (1811) III. 22. 8. Wor. 1 , Glo. 1 Cmb. Plant 
looks thrifty (J.D.R.). Suf. (C.T.), Hmp. 
2. Thoughtful, considerate, saving of time or trouble. 

Sh.I. Doo might a been trifty aneugh til a' come ower wir lent, 
an' sav'd me dis vaige, Sh. News (Oct. 14, 1899). 

THRILL, sb. Chs. [pril.] The shaft of a cart or 
wagon. Gen. in pi. See Thill, sb. 1 

(K.) ; Chs. 1 Obsol. (s.v. Cart). s.Chs. 1 Less commonly used 
than formerly (s.v. Cart). 

Hence (i) Thrill-bars, sb. pi. two longitudinal pieces, 
which are mortised into the 'binders' or end pieces of 
the body of a cart and which support the boards forming 
the bottom of a cart. Chs. 1 ; fa) Thriller, sb. the shaft- 
horse. s-Chs. 1 ; (3) Thrill gears, sb. pi. the harness of 
a shaft-horse, ib. ; (4) Thrill-horse sb., see (2). ib. 

THRILLY, adj. Obs. n.Cy. Thrilling. (HALL.) 

THRIMBLE, z;. 1 Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Also in forms thrimle Sc. (JAM.) Nhb. 1 ; thrimmel Nhb. 1 
Lakel. 2 Cum. 4 Wm. & Cum. 1 ; thrimmle Sc. (JAM.) w.Yks. 
ne.Lan. 1 ; thrimple n.Cy. [pri'm(b)l.] 1. To finger or 
handle anything as if reluctant to part with it, dole 
or pay out money grudgingly and reluctantly. Also with 
out. See Thrumble. 

Slk., Dmf., Gall. (JAM.) Kcb. Taylors, fain the gear to thrimmle 
Of coward coofs, DAVIDSON Seasons (1789) 36 (ib.). n.Cy. (HALL.) 
Nhb. He thrimmel'd out what he'd to pay, WILSON Pitman's Pay 
(1843) 12; Nhb. 1 , Lakel. 2 , Cum. 4 Win. & Cum. 1 Upstairs an' 
down fwoke thrimmelt out Ther sixpenzes, 204. Wm. He 
thrimmel't it ower in his hand many a time afoor he gev me t 
(B.K.). w.Yks. 1 He thrimbl'd out his sixpence wi a deal to do, 
ii. 203. ne.Lan. 1 

2. To fumble ; to hesitate, trifle. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790). Cum. He seemed to 'thrimble' about it, 
though, as if he was in no hurry to light up, DALBY Mayroyd 
(1888) 135. w.Yks. HUTTON Tour to Caves (1781). Lan. 1 
s.Lan. Whot dusto ston thrimblin' theer for ? BAMFORD Dial. (1854). 

3. To crumble bread between the fingers. Lan. (K.), 
Lan. 1 s.Lan. BAMFORD Dial. (1854) ; s.Lan. 1 4. To 
twist or twiddle the thumbs round each other with the 
fingers clasped. e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 5. To catch fish by 
clutching them in the hand. Nhb. 1 Cf. guddle, v. 1 6. To 
crowd, throng, press ; to wrestle. See Thrumble, 5. 

Sc. With kind embracements did we thrust and thrimble, ADAM- 
SON Muse Threnodie (1774) 23 (JAM.), n Sc. Applied both to a 
crowd collectively and to an individual pressing into a crowd 
(JAM.). Abd. Wi' great hamstram they thriml'd thro' the thrang, 
Ross Helenore (1768, 94, ed. 1812. 

THRIMBLE, v? and sb. Irel. Cum. Yks. Lan. Also 
in forms thrimle Cum. 8 e.Yks. ; thrimmel n.Ir. Cum. 4 ; 
thrimmle e.Yks. 1 [pri'm(b)l.] 1. v. To tremble, shake, 
quiver. Also used Jig. Cf. thrummle. 

Ir. Dear, dear, how she thrimbles, LOVER Handy Andy (1842) 
xxxiv. n.Ir. Thrimmeld with fear, Lays and Leg. (1884) 57. 
Don. Jack thrimbled from head to foot, MACMANUS Chim. Comers 
(1899) 45. w.Ir. He thrimbled like a dog in a wet sack, LOVER 
Leg. (1848) I. 42. Cum. 3 Sh'/s thrimlin' for her butter brass, but 
willn't thrimle lang, 25 ; Cum. 4 e.Yks. Wi fear an thrimlin he 
was quiet oot o' breeath, NICHOLSON Ftk. Sp. (1889) 43; e-Vks. 1 , 
Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 

Hence Thrimlin-jockies, the quaking or trembling 
grass, Briza media. e.Yks. 1 2. sb. A tremor, fit of 

Ir. She the craythure woke up all av a thrimble, Spectator (Oct. 
26, 1889). Don. There's a thrimble in me han' see! a mighty 
thrimble, Cent. Mag. (Oct. 1899) 959. e.Yks. 1 

THRIME, sb. Sc. A triplet in verse. MACKAY (s.v. 

THRIMMER, v. and sb. Lan. Also in form thrimmo 
s.Lan. 1 [pri-ni3(r).] 1. v. To finger or handle anything 
constantly and as if reluctant to part with it. GROSE 
(1790) MS. add. (P.) s.Lan. 1 Cf. thrimble, v. 1 2. sb. 
Ill-spun yarn. s.Lan. BAMFORD Dial. (1854) ; s.Lan. 1 

THRIMP, v. and sb. Sc. Nhb. Also in form thrump 
Sc. (JAM.) [brimp.] 1. v. To press, squeeze ; to press 
as in a crowd. 

Sc. MACKAY. Cld. I was thrumpit up (JAM.). Nhb. His hands 
in his kwoat pockets, beayth thrimpt owr liis thees, BEWICK 
Tyneside Tales (1850) 10 ; Nhb. 1 

2. To push ; see below. 

Cld., Rxb. Esp. applied to schoolboys when they push all before 
them from the one end of a form to another (JAM.). 

3. sb. The act of pushing by schoolboys, ib. 
THRIMPLE, see Thrimble, v. 1 

THRING, v. Sc. n.Cy. Yks. [prig.] 1. To press, 
push, squeeze ; to press forward, push one's way in. 

Sc. Ye sal thring them a' wi a gad o' aim, WADDELL Ps. (1871) 
ii. 9. Dmf. I shall just thring on here till I get desperate, CARLYLE 
Lett. (1823). Kcb. That we may thrifcg in, stooping low, RUTHER- 
FORD Lett. (1660- No. 282. nCy. GROSE (1790). w.Yks. .R.H.H.); 
WILLAN List Wds. (1811). 
2. With down : to throw down. 

w.Yks. 2 He'd thring it down as though it didn't belong to him. 

[OE.J>rigan, to press on, crowd (SWEET).] 

THRINKUMS, see Trinkums. 

THRINNEL, sb. Lan. Also in forms trinel, trinnel 
s.Lan. 1 [pri nl ; tri'nl.] A boys' outdoor game resem- 
bling ' hide-and-seek ' ; a word of recall used in the game ; 
see below. 

Used as a recall to boys playing ' Hide and seek,' when they 
could not be found by the players. At the close of a game it was 
shouted loudly and rapidly 'Thrinnel, Thrinnel, Thrinnel,' to 
assemble the players together (S.W.) ; A good reaund at thrinnel 
or duckstone, CLEGG Sketches (1895) 72. s.Lan. 1 

THRINS, sb. Cum. 14 [prinz.] Three at a birth. 

[ON./mzwr, brennr, triple, threefold (VIGFUSSON).] 

THRINTER, sb. Sc. Cum. Yks. Lan. Also in forms 
thinter Dmf.; thrunter Rxb. GAM.) Cum. 14 ; trinter 
Lakel. 12 [pri'nts(r.] A sheep of three years or winters. 
See Twinter. 

Lnk., Rxb. (JAM.) Dmf. 'Twinters' and 'thinters,' sic like 
names for sheep! WALLACE Schoolmaster 11899) 339. Lakel.' 2 
Cum. One of our thrunters, or three-winter-old ewes, sold for 
'hutching,' Cornh. Mag. (Oct. 1890) 382; Cum. 4 , n.Yks. 1 , Lan. 1 , 
ne.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 

[OE.firi-win/er, a period of three years (SWEET).] 

THRIP, see Threap. 

THRIP BOX, sb. Yks. [bri-p-boks.] A money-box 
for saving ; a 'thrift-box' (q.v.). 

w.Yks. BANKS Wkfld. Wds. (1865) ; Ylts. Wkly. Post (May i, 
1897); w.Yks. 8 

THRIPPA, see Thripple, sb. 1 , v. 

THRIPPLE, sb. 1 Chs. Stf. Der. War. Wor. Shr. Hrf. 
Pern. Glo. Som. Also written thriple Chs.; and in forms 
thrippa Chs. 1 s.Chs. 1 nw.Der. 1 ; thrippoe, thrippoo Chs. ; 
thrippow Chs. 128 ; thrypow Chs. ; tripple Pern. [pri'pl ; 
pri'pa.] A movable or rail framework attached to a cart 
or wagon, to extend its surface when carrying hay, corn, 
&c. Gen. in pi. See Dripple, Ripple, sb* 

Chs. A carte and thriples, Local Gleanings (Feb. 1880) VIII. 
303 ; MORTON Cyclo. Agric. (1863) ; (K.) ; Chs. 1 Two thrippas, 
one at each end of the cart, constitute the harvest gearing; they 
are movable, and are only put on when hay or corn are to be 
carried; Chs. 23 , s.Chs. 1 , Stf. (K.), nw.Der. 1 , War. 3 , s.Wor. 1 , 
se-Wor. 1 , Shr. 1 , Hrf. 2 s Pern. LAWS Little Eng. (1888) 421. 
Glo. 1 Som. For sale, a spring wagon with thripples (W.F.R.). 

Hence Thrippa-slotes, sb. pi. the bars or rails of a 
' thrippa.' Chs. 1 , s.Chs. 1 

[Cp. perrepyllis, epredia, Metr. Voc. (c. 1450), in Wright's 
Voc. (1884) I. 628.] 



THRIPPLE, v. and sb* Chs. Also in forms thrippa, 
thrippow Chs. 128 1. v. To beat, cudgel. 

I'll thrippa thee, RAY (1691) ; Chs. las 
2. To labour hard. Gen. in prp. 

Chs. 1 ; Chs. 2 A thrippowing pungowing life is a hard laborious 
life; Chs. 3 
8. sb. The beating part of a flail. Chs. 18 

fCp. OE.firipei, an instrument of punishment IB.T.).] 

THRIPPOO, THRIPPOW, see Thtipple, sb. { , Thripple, 
sb. 1 , v. 

THRISHELL, THRISSEL, see Thristle, sb. 1 , Thristle, 
sb. 1 * 

THRIST, sb. 1 and v. 1 Sc. n.Cy. Nhb. Lan. Shr. Hrf. 
Also in forms thrust Sc. N.Cy. 1 ne.Lan. 1 Shr. 1 Hrf. ; trist 
Sh.I. [brist; brust, brest.] 1. sb. A dial, form of 
' thirst.' 

Sc. Heir learne to suffer thrist with those, sail tortur him for 
ay, MAIDMENT Pasquils (1868) 33. Sh.I. Mind a keg o' blaand Tu 
slock my trist, STEWART Tales (1893) 93. Elg. CBAMOND SMS. 
Rec. (1897) 203. Nhb. After slockenin' his thrist, GRAHAM Kril 
Scaur (1896) 334. 

Hence Thristy or Thrusty, adj. thirsty. 

Sc. The thristie thistle must no longer stay, Else might she suck 
my sweetness all away, MAIDMENT Spoltisivoode Misc. (1844-51 I. 
183. Sh.I. Castin' [peats] wis aye tristy wark, Sfi. fftws (May 
93, 1897). Slk. Awmrose, ma man, I'm thrusty yill, CHR. 
NORTH Nodes (ed. 1856)111.199. n.Cy. (HALL.), N.Cy. 1 , ne.Lan. 1 , 
Shr. 1 Hrf. I'm very thrusty, BOUND Provinc. (1876). 
2. Phr. an auld moon mist never dees o' thrist, a mist 
round an ' old ' moon always foretells rain. Gall. MAC- 
TAGGART Encycl. (1824) 212, ed. 1876. 3. v. To cause 

Sh.I. Yon corne o' saut pork 'ill be trist in' you. Will doo hae 
a can o 1 swatts ? Sii. f/eivs (Apr. 37, 1901). 

THRIST, v? and sb. 1 Sc. Nhb. Also in forms threast 
Nhb. 1 ; trist S. & Ork. 1 Or.I. |brist.J 1. v. To thrust, 
push ; to press, squeeze, hug ; to wring. A dial, form of 
' thrust.' 

Sh.I. I wid trist her i' my bossum, STEWART Tales (1893) 348; 
S. & Ork. 1 , Or.I. (S.A.S.) Slk. I heard a kind o' rubbing and 
thristing, as a fox or foumart had been drawing himscl through a 
hole aneath the ground, HOGG Tales (1838) 663, ed. 1866. 
2. sb. A thrust ; a push. 

Rub. (JAM.) Nhb. 1 Esp. applied to the internal sensation of 
pain in the bowels felt on pressure. ' Aa feel a thrist.' 
8. A squeeze, hug. 

Sh.I. I wid trist her i' my bossum ; for I wid gie her a kiss wi' 
every trist, STEWART Tales (1893) 348. 

4. The action of the jaws in squeezing the juice from a 
quid of tobacco. 

Rub. Whiles as thou dries the tither thrist, A. SCOTT Poems (ed. 
1811) ioi (JAM.). 

THRIST, v." n.Sc. (JAM.) To spin, esp. in phr. to 
thrist a thread. 

THRISTLE, sb. 1 Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Shr. Dev. Cor. 
Also written thrissel Sc. QAM.) Nhb. 1 ; and in forms 
thirssle Cai. 1 ; thirstle Shr. Dev. Cor.; thrishell Dev. 1 
[bri-sl.] 1. The song-thrush, Turdus musicus. See 
Throstle, sb. 1 , Thrustle. 

Shr. SWAINSON Birds (1885) 3. Dev. 1 Dev., Cor. SWAINSONI*. 

2. Comp. (i) Thristle-cock, (a) the song-thrush, Turdus 
musicus ; (b) the common bunting, Emberisa miliaria ; (2) 
cock-lairag, see (i, b). 

(il Sc. GAM.) ; The thristlecock is the bonniest bird Sings on 
the evening gale, SCOTT Minstrelsy (1803) III. 33, ed. 1848. Nhb. 1 
Dur. The Thristle-cock sings in the glen, Bishoprick Garl. (1834) 
57. (b) N.I. 1 (a) Cai. 1 

THRISTLE, sb.' Sc. Irel. Nhb. Dur. Yks. Also 
written tin isle Sc. (JAM.) ; thris?el e.Fif. Bwk. n.Ir. Nhb. 1 ; 
thrissill Sc. (JAM.) ; thrissle Sc. Dur. 1 ; and in forms 
thrusle Lnk. ; thrussel Nhb.; thrustle Dmf. m.Yks. 1 
[bri si.] A dial, form of 'thistle.' 

Sc. He's nae gentleman . . . wad grudge . . . the thristles by the 
road-side for a bit cuddy, SCOTT Guy M. (1815) iii. Frf. Auld 
Scotland's burrie thristie Has never lost ae single bristle, SMART 
Rhymes (1834) 166. Per. HALIBURTON Dunbar (1895 63. Fif. 
Nae thrisles here your thumbs to prick, DOUGLAS Poems (1806) 
145. e.Fif. It was mair fruitfu' o' thrissels an' weebos than o'aits 

an' tawties, LATTO Tarn Bodkin (18641 i. Ayr. Paint Scotland 
greetin owre her thrissle, BURNS Author's Cry (1786', st. 7. Lnk. 
Dry't the heads o' whins an' thrusles, NICHOLSON Kilwuddie 
( l8 95) 35- Bwk. CALDER I'oems (18971 8l - Dmf - He knockit aff 
the hcds o' twa or three thruslles PONDER Kiikctintdoon (1873) 
33. n.Ir. Where good corn was planted Big thrissels grew, 
Lays and Leg. (1884) 8. Nhb. B'yckt milk is m'yed be boilin the 
paps iv a coo in milky thrussels, CHATER Tyneside Aim. (1869) 40; 
Nub. 1 , Dor.', ni.Y ks. 1 

Hence Thrissly or Thristly, adj. (i) abounding in 
thistles ; bristly ; (z}Jt^. testy, crabbed. 

(i) Elg. Dapplin' on his camseach chin His thristly honours 
grew, COUPER Poems (1804) II. Go. Gall. Reapers who have the 
bad luck to reap thrisly corn, MACTACGART Encycl. (1834; 58, ed. 
1876. (3) n.Sc. (JAM.) 

[Vpone the awfull Thrissill scho beheld. And saw him 
kepit with a busche of speiris, DUNBAR Poems (c. 1510), 
ed. Small, II. 187.] 

THRIV-, see Thrave, sb. 

THRIVANCE, sb. Obs. Sc. Prosperity, success. 

Gall. 'Tis thine the poor man's peace to earn, Wi' thrivance to 
each dauted bairn, NICHOLSON Poet. Wits. (1814} 153, ed. 1897. 

THRIVE, v. and sb. 1 Var. dial, uses in Sc. Irel. and 
Eng. [braiv, Midi, broiv.] I. v. Gram, forms. 

1. Preterite: (i) Thrave, (2) Threave, (3) Threav(v, (4) 
Threeve, (5) Throv, (6) Thruv, (7) Trave. 

(i) Cai. 1 Abd. Their grandmothers thrave upo' brosc, WALKER 
BardsBon-Accord(I68^ 329. Ay r. He had gotten a rest from phy sick 
and thrave, SERVICE Dr. Diiguid (ed. 1887) 134. Edb. 1 thrave 
sae ill, FERCUSSON Poems (1773) 106, ed. 1785. Kcb. They thrave 
amain, TROTTER Gall. Gossip (19011 313. n.Yks.* They thrave 
badly, ne Yks. 1 34, w.Yks. 23 (si Fif. He never threave nor did 
guid efter that, MELVILL Autobiog. (1610) 137, ed. 1843. (3) 
Cum. 14 (4) Abd. Threeve in trade, ANDERSON Forms (ed. 1826) 
51. (5) m.Yks. 1 Inlrod. 43. Nlip. a (6) Ir. No schoolmaster ever 
thruv in ... Findramore, CARLETON Traits Peas. <ed. 1843) 304. 
Not. 1 , Lei. 1 , War. 2 Inlrod. (7) Sh.I. Simon o' Gott never trave, 
STEWART Tales (1893) 33. 

2. Pp.: (i)Threin,(2)Thrived,(3)ThrovenorThrovven, 
(4) Thruv. 

(i) Sc. MURRAY Dial (1873^ 208. (a) w.Cy. He've never zo to 
zay thrived sence, HARE Broken Arcs (1898) 131. (3! n.Yks. 124 , 
ne.Yks. 1 34, e.Yks. 1 m.Yks. 1 Introd. 43. w.Yks. (J.W.) (4) Lan. 
His brass has thruv, DOHERTY A^. Barlow (1884} 83. Not 1 . Lei. 1 , 
War. 9 Intiod. Ken. We've thruv on it, SON OF MARSHES London 
Town (ed. 1894) 113. 

II. Dial. uses. 1. v. To grow ; to grow larger, swell. 
v's your leg, John ? ' ' Whoy, Ah verily think 

Stf.' Lei. 1 ' How's your le 
to throives.' 

2. sb. In phr. better a late thrive than never do well, a say- 
ing applied to one who marries or otherwise prospers 
late in life. Ant. Ballymena Obs. (1892). 

THRIVE, sb. 3 Obs. Wxf.' A sod of turf or peat. 

THRIVEN ,*/>/.#. Sc.Nhb.Yks. Also written thrivven 
n.Yks. 2 ; and in forms throvven n.Yks." e.Yks. 1 ; thryne 
Gall. ; triven Sh.I. [bri'van.] Thriving, prosperous ; 
well-nourished, strong. Used also in comb, with 111 or 

Sh.I. Drink dy mylk, doo ill-triven lipper, Sh. News (June x, 
1901). Gall. ' A weel-thryne beast ' is one reflecting credit on the 
breeder (J.M.). Nhb. 1 They leuked reed cheek'd an' thriven; 
' Weel thrivven,' lusty and strong. e.Yks. 1 ' 111 throvven,' puny, 
villainous. w.Yks. (J.W.) 

THRIVER, sb. Sc. Yks. [brai-va(r.] A person or 
thing that thrives or prospers. 

Sc. A farting bairn is ay a thriver (JAM., s.v. Reeze) ; What 
will be our three, boys? Three, three thrivers, CHAMBERS Pop. 
Rhymes (1890) 44. Edb. Let us who stay at hamc study to be 
thrivers, MITCHELL Tiiitlanan (ed. 1810) 10. n.Yks.' ; n.Yks.* 
' 111 thrivers,' sickly produce ; n.Yks.* ne.Yks. 1 Noo them's been 
good thrivers, a' en't tha ? w.Yks. (J.W.) 

"THRO, prep, and adv. Sc. Nhb. Yks. Not. Ken. Sur. 
Sus. Also written throo w.Yks. ; through n.Cy. w.Yks. 45 
Not. 2 ; and in forms thrae Sc. (JAM.) ; thre, thregh Nhb. 1 ; 
threw w.Yks. [bro ; bru, briu, bre ; bra.] L From. 
Cf. fro. 

Twd. (JAM.) Slk. There's nae words like oor am words. A 
they drap thrae a Scottish tongue, THOMSON Drunuxeldale (1901 
30. Rxb. To keep him thrae the cauld, Aw'll leave him ma ault 



MURRAY .//aaw* Sags. (1892) 17. n.Cy. (HALL.) Nhb. 1 Aa kept 
'im comin thregh the market. w.Yks. [|>riu] (J.W.) ; w.Yks. 234 ; 
w.Yks. 5 Tak that stick through him. Not. 2 He came through 

2. Phr. (i) thro by or thrubbe, from ; in comparison with ; 
(2) to and thro, to and fro. 

(i) w.Yks. Owd S. '11 want a different chap throo bi thee for 
his son-in-law, HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1876) 34; w.Yks. 2 O say, 
Jerra, heah's different toimes for prentis lads nah thrubbe wot 
they wor when thee an me wer prentis. (2) Ken. 12 Sur. 1 He's 
to and throa'most everyday. Sus. 1 He goes to-and-thro to Lewes 
every Tuesday and Friday. 

THRO, adj. Obs. Yks. Eager ; keenly interested. 
w.Yks. WATSON Hist. Hlfx. (1775) 547. 

[Men bat bro were to 631, Wm. Pal. (c. 1350) 3264. Cp. 
ON. brar, stubborn, obstinate (VIGFUSSON).] 
THRO, see Through, prep., Throw. 
THROAT, sb. Sc. Irel. Yks. Lan. Chs. Nhp. e.An. 
Hmp. Dor. Also in forms droat Dor. ; throit Yks. ; 
throoat Yks. s.Lan. 1 [(rot; w.Yks. broit] 1. In comp. 
(i) Throat-cutter, a cut-throat ; (2) -fever, diphtheria ; (3) 
hapse, the strap of a halter or bridle; a halter; (4) -latch, 
(a) see (3) ; (b) the strings of a hat, cap, &c. when fastened 
under the chin ; (5) -seasoner, a glass of spirits ; a dram. 
(i) Sc. I would get more honest men to take my part than he 
would get throat-cutters to assist him, SCOTT Melvtl's Memoirs 
(1735) 3io. (a) Chs.' (3) Hmp.' (4, a) Nhp. 1 , e.An. 1 Suf. 
RAINBIRD Agric. (1819) 301, ed. 1849. (b) e.An. 1 (5) n.Yks. 12 

2. Phr. (i) the belly will think the throat is cut, one will be 
hungry ; (2) to a*k a person if he has a dry throat, to offer 
a person drink ; (3) to run down the wrong throat, of- food 
when swallowed : to go the wrong way ; (4) to sleek one's 
throat, to quench one's thirst. 

(i) n.Yks. (T.S.), s.Lan.' 24. (a) w.Yks. Yo' can walk thro' 
th' streets dry maath for a wick an' nubdy '11 ax yo' if yo've a 
throit, HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1892") 34, in Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Mar. 
4, 1899). (3) Sc. (A.W.) n.Ir. Whun I tried tae swallow it, it run 
doon the wrang throat. LYTTLE Paddy McQuillan, 43. (4) w.Yks. 
HARTLEY Clock Aim. (1892) 38, in Leeds Merc. Suppl. (Mar.4, 1899). 

3. A narrow entrance. 

Fif. They entered the throat of the Caus'ay, MELDRUM Grey 
Mantle (18961 278. 

THROAT, v. Obs. Hrt. To cut beans against their 
bending. ELLIS Mod. Hush. (1750) V. i. 68. 

THROATY, adj. Obs. Som. Of a bull : having the 
skin too profuse and pendulous at the throat. YOUNG 
Annals Agric. (1784-1815) XXX. 333. 

THROB-THRUSH, sb. Obs. Wm. Also in forms 
thob-thrush ; throb. A brownie ; a household sprite. 
Cf. hob-thrust. 

The servant girls would regularly put the cream in the churn, 
and say ' I wish Throb would churn that,' BRIGGS Remains (1825) 
224 ; I wish that Throb-thrush was in the mill-dam. Thob-thrush 
has got a new coat and a new hood, ib. 225. 

THROCH, see Through, prep. 

THROCK, sb. 1 Sc. Chs. Wor. Hrf. Also in forms 
frock Sc. (JAM.) ; throuck Chs. ; thruck Chs. 1 [brok.] 

1. The lower part of a plough, originally of wood, now 
of iron, to which the share is fastened. See Orock, sb. 1 

Chs. (K.), Chs. 1 , se.Wor. 1 , 8. Wor. (H.K.), Hrf. 2 

2. A term given to certain pairs of oxen in a twelve- 
oxen plough ; see below. 

ne.Sc. Counting from the pair next the plough, the name of each 
pair was : Fit yoke, hin frock, fore frock, GREGOR Flk-Lore (1881) 
'79; Bch - The names of the six pairs of oxen . . . were . . . 3rd 
[pair] fore-throck on land and fore-lhrock in fur; 4th do. mid- 
throck on land and mid throck in fur; sth do. hind-throck on land 
and hind-throck in fur, PRATT Bc/i. in ALEXANDER Notes and Sketches 
(1877) vi. Abd. Hind-frock, mid-frock, fore-frock (JAM.). 

[1. OE. broc, a piece of timber on which the plough- 
share is fixed (SWEET).] 

THROCK, v. and sb. 3 Obs. Twd. QAM.) 1. v. To 
throng. 2. sb. A crowd ; a throng. 

THROD, see Trod, sb. 

THRODDEN, v. and ppl. adj. n.Cy. Nhb. Yks. Also 
written throden Yks. [f>ro'dan.] 1. v. To thrive; to 
grow, increase ; to improve by care or cultivation. Cf. 
throddle, throddy. 

n.Cy. (K.), N.Cy. 12 , Nhb. 1 , n.Yks. 1 e.Yks. A lamb will not 
' throden as the shepheardes say,' BEST Rur.Econ. (1641)5. m.Yks. 1 
2. ppl. adj. Fat, well-grown, in good condition, well-fed. 
n.Cy. (J.L. 1783) ; N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , n.Yks. 12 , w.Yks. 1 

[Cp. Fast es he throd and thriuen, And mikel grace ai 
es him giuen, Cursor M. (c. 1300) 14806.] 

THRODDLE, adj. n.Cy. Lan. [bro'dl.] Fat; broad, 
bulky ; thriving. n.Cy. HOLLOWAY. s.Lan. 1 Cf. throdden, 

THRODDY, adj. and sb. Nhb. Cum. Wm. Yks. Lan. 
Lin. Also in form troddy e.Lan. 1 s.Lan. 1 [fro'di.] 

1. adj. Plump, well-grown, in good condition, sleek ; 
dumpy ; occas. flabby-featured. Cf. throdden. 

n.Cy. GROSE (1790); N.Cy. 1 , Nhb. 1 , Cum. 14 Wm. Wat hoost 
barn? Wat, it's quite throddy, Lonsdale Mag. (1821) II. 446. 
w.Yks. 18 ; w.Yks. 8 Shoo lukes varry throddy tu. A little 
throddy boddy. Lan. A fine fattish throddy gentlemen, TIM 
BOBBIN View Dial. (ed. 1740)30; Lan. 1 , ne Lan. 1 , e.Lan. 1 , s.Lan. 1 

2. Active, e