(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "English heraldic book-stamps, figured and described"

English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




The Royal name ensigned with a Royal Crown, and 
the motto " Vivat Regina '* upheld by two cherubs. 

[Euclid. Elements, Oxford, 1703.] 




The Royal Monogram 
ensigned with a Royal 
Crown. 

[OVERBECK. 

Reliq. Ant. Romae, 
Amst., 1708.] 



Queen Anne 

Queen Anne (born loth May 1655, died ist August 17 14) was the 
second daughter of James II. and Anne Hyde, daughter of Edward Hyde, 
first Earl of Clarendon. She succeeded her cousin, William III., on the 
throne of England in 1702. Oueen Anne was the last of the Stuart line 
to occupy the throne of England. 

The first coat-of-arms used by Queen Anne was the same as that 
generally used by her predecessor, but without the arms of Nassau, that is 
to say, first and fourth grand quarters, France and England quarterly ; 
second grand quarter, Scotland ; and third grand quarter, Ireland. 
In 1702 a notice was published in the London Gazette to the effect 
that " wheresoever there shall be occasion to embroider, depict, grave, carve, 
or paint Her Majesty's Royal Arms with a motto, this Motto following, 
viz. Semper eadem, is to be used " (23rd December). It will be remem- 
bered that this motto had been previously used by Queen Elizabeth. 

The Legislative Union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland took 
place on Thursday, 6th March 1706, when the royal assent was given to 
the Act. A change in the Royal coat-of-arms took place in consequence 
of this Act, and for the remainder of the reign of Queen Anne (1706-1714) 
the first and fourth grand quarters contained the coats of England and 
Scotland impaled, in the manner used to denote husband and wife ; the 
second grand quarter, France ; and the third grand quarter, Ireland. 
Besides the coat-of-arms, the crowned initials and name of Queen Anne 
were frequently stamped upon her books, and some of her book-stamps 
appear to have been designed by foreigners. 

Oueen Anne's books came to the British Museum with the rest of the 
old Royal Library of England in 1757. 



53 



1° 







r^^^ 


Kaaamjj. 


/^H 


cM^ 


W» 9 9 V « « 

mB o X Q( n A 


»> 


SU2^ 




jj5^ 


^H\\itn 




Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2007 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/englishheraldicbOOdaverich 



ENGLISH HERALDIC BOOK-STAMPS 



THIS FRONTISPIECE 

SHOWING 

THE BOOK-STAMP OF 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING 

IS REPRODUCED 

BY HIS MAJESTY'S 
GRACIOUS PERMISSION . 



[FOR DESCRIPTION 

Seep. 155] 



ENGLISH HERALDIC 
BOOK-STAMPS 



FIGURED AND DESCRIBED 

BY 

CYRIL DAVENPORT V.D. F.S.A, 

AUTHOR OF ' THE BOOK,' ETC. 




LONDON 
ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE & CO Ltd 

1909 



CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Introduction ....... i 

Coats-of-Arms . ... . . 41 

Bibliography ....... 413 

indices- 
Index TO THE Introduction . . . .417 
Index to the Coats-of-Arms, etc. . . .421 



vu 



Introduction 

The coats-of-arms and crests which are figured and 
described in the following pages do not exhaust the 
number of stamps of this kind that must exist on book- 
bindings throughout England, Scotland, and Ireland. 
Perhaps some day I shall go on my travels and search 
for unrecorded coats, but the present collection, even if 
it should prove to have been only a first instalment, will 
not easily be equalled in interest. 

Little attention has been hitherto paid to English 
coats-of-arms outside books. For French coats of the 
same kind an excellent and comprehensive handbook has 
been compiled by M. J. Guigard, Nouvel Armorial du 
Bibliophile^ Paris, 1890. 

Two short papers have already been written about 
my present subject, and both of these are illustrated with 
drawings by myself. The earlier paper is by Mr. W. Y. 
Fletcher, and appeared in vol. iii. oi Bibliographic a in 1897 ; 
it is called " English Armorial Book-Stamps and their 
Owners." The second paper is by Mr. A. W. Pollard, and 
appeared in The Library of April 1902 ; it is called "The 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Franks Collection of Armorial Book - Stamps." The 
drawings I made for these two papers were carefully drawn 
exactly as the stamps were cut, and consequently look 
very black ; in my newer drawings, however, I have in 
many cases only given the outlines of supporters, crests, 
helmets, and accessories generally, the effect of which is 
less heavy and equally useful for identification. 

Armorial devices stamped on the outsides of books 
occur in England from the end of the fifteenth century 
onwards, and very fine examples are found of the six- 
teenth and seventeenth centuries particularly. Towards 
the end of the seventeenth century the popularity of 
the book-stamp was diminished by the growth of the 
use of adhesive book-plates. It may be mentioned that, 
especially during the reign of Elizabeth, many fine 
armorial woodcuts are found in English books, the arms 
being generally those of the patron to whom the book 
was dedicated. 

The succession of English Royal coats-of-arms on 
books is complete from the time of Henry VII. to that of 
Edward VIL, and they will all be found in this book. 
The usual authorities for Royal armorials are great seals 
and coins, but the books which belonged to our sovereigns 
supply an equally fine and equally accurate collection. 
Every change of bearings, supporters, mottoes or badges 
is duly represented, and there are very few old private 
libraries in England which have not some Royal books 



Introduction 

upon their shelves. These books have either been given 
away by the sovereigns themselves, or acquired as official 
perquisites. 

With regard to the identification of coats-of-arms or 
crests on books, this is a process of exhaustion, and it will 
be found easiest to begin with accessories, if there are 
any. These accessories are found either as augmentations 
on the shield or additions outside it, and by their help 
it is often easy to narrow down the limits within which 
the owner must come. By the help of coronets it 
is possible to fix the exact rank of the owner, and this 
alone, together with the date of the book, ought to 
make the identification easy, by help of a Peerage of 
the same date. 

The decorations which surround a shield are often 
of great use ; the coat-of-arms and coronet of an Earl, for 
instance, may be easily identified, but there may neverthe- 
less be three or four persons who succeeded each other 
rapidly, and bore the same coat, to whom the book may 
have belonged. But round such a coat perhaps there is 
the Garter, or the collar of the Bath, or the insignia of 
some other order, and this will very Ukely decide which 
Earl was the actual owner. 

The date of the printing of a book is of some use, if 
everything else fails, but it must be understood that as a 
rule it only means that the binding belonged to somebody 
at a later date. Even that is not quite certain, because 

3 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

old stamped bindings have too often been transferred 
to newer books. Such a transfer would be evident to a 
binder, but it may well deceive any one else. 

The large majority of the stamps illustrated herewith 
are in the British Museum, but I have included a few in 
private ownership, and to these owners my sincere thanks 
are due for their kindness in allowing me to copy the 
various coats. I have in every case mentioned this 
private ownership, and where such mention is not found 
the book from which the drawing has been made is in 
the British Museum, either in the Department of Printed 
Books or in the Department of Manuscripts. 

Heraldry is of military origin, but its decorative side, 
and the various exact rules which govern it, were 
probably brought into use during the Middle Ages, 
in connection with the frequent Tournaments which 
were governed by strict rules. The ceremonies to be 
followed at the Tournaments were very closely laid down ; 
heralds as well as their assistants of all sorts came into 
much prominence, and personal insignia acquired an 
importance they have never had since. Even now there 
are a few signs of ancient personal heraldry existing in 
our army ; crests and tartans of private families may be 
found among the Highland regiments, but the modern 
tendency, especially since the late war in South Africa, 
has been to abolish such peculiarities. 

To Blazon is to describe the different divisions and 

4 



Introduction 

bearings on a coat-of-arms in proper sequence and in 
heraldic language, so that an heraldic artist can, from 
the description, draw and colour the coat correctly. 

The colours of shields and bearings ought to be 
given in every case, either of blazon or illustration ; 
but as this is not always convenient, two methods 
of indicating colours have been adopted. The first 
is known as Trick, and in this manner colours were 
marked until the seventeenth century. 

In Trick the colours or tinctures are indicated by 
letters, and they are described in Gerard Legh's Accedens 
of Armory^ London, 1562, as follows : — 

O. Or. Yelowe. A. Argent. Whyghle. 

G. Geules, betweene Red and Tenne. 

B. Azure, bright Blewe. V. Vert. Grene. 

P. Purpure. Purple. E. Ermyn. White poudred wt Black. 

Es. Ermines. Black powdred whight. T. Tenne. Orynge coloure. 

M. Sangwyne. Murreye. Pr. Proper coloure. Natural). 

BB. Blewe. Sad Blewe. 

The letters are put either in the spaces or on the 
charges to which they refer, or they may be found in the 
margin with a directing line drawn to the proper place. 

Several other methods of indicating colour by means 
of black and white lines laid in certain directions have 
been tried, but they have all failed to stand the test of 
time except that invented by an Italian Jesuit Father, 
Silvestro Petra Sancta, who lived in the seventeenth 
century. His method is figured and described in a 

5 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

book he wrote and illustrated on Italian coats-of-arms. 
It is a very useful book, because the coats are arranged 
according to the devices upon them. It is in fact an 
illustrated ordinary of Italian arms, Tesserae Gentilitiae^ 
Romae, 1638. 

The colours and lines given by Father Petra Sancta 
are as follows : — 



Aurum y.WWwJ (Or) 



Puniceum 



Prasinum 
Viridem 




Argentum 



(GueuUes) Cyaneum 



(Sinople) Violaceum 




(Argent) 



(Azur) 



(Pourpre) 



Nigrum 




These are still the commonest colours, but a few 

more have been added since ; they are, however, rarely 

used. 

Besides the metals and the colours a few furs are 

used in heraldry ; the two most usual of these are Ermine 

and Vair. Ermine is white and shows little conventional 

6 



Introduction 

spots on it, which represent the black tips of the tails 
of the same animal. 




Vair is supposed to represent little grey squirrel 
skins spread out and arranged touching each other. It 




is coloured blue and white. 



The others, rarely found, are variations on one or 
other of these two. 

Ermines shows white tails on a black ground. 

Erminois shows black tails on a gold ground. 

Erminites is the same as Ermine, but each black tail has one outer 

red hair on each side. 
Pean shows gold tails on a black ground. 
Counter Vair has the skins differently arranged. 
Potent is like Vair, but the skins are differently shaped, Hke thick T's. 
Counter Potent has the Potent skins differently arranged. 

The heraldic lines, dots, and furs should be learnt, 
as they must be understood and are continually met with 
in heraldic works of late date. The tincture lines do not 
show on English Royal book-stamps until the time of 
George II., and on earlier book-stamps the want of 
any indication of colour is a great element of doubt in 
the attribution of coats-of-arms to particular persons, 
in the absence of assistance from marks outside the 
shields, coronets, helmets, crests, and the like. 

7 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

An heraldic heiress is a lady whose father is armi- 
gerous but leaves no son. In such a case the lady's 
coat, if she married, would be shown on an escutcheon 
of Pretence placed in the centre of her husband's coat, 
and may be shown as a quartering on the coats-of-arms 
of her children. 

Marshalling is the manner and method of conjoin- 
ing divers arms upon one shield according to heraldic 
precedent and usage ; it is an exact process. 

The marshalling of the many family coats which 
may be inherited through marriages with heraldic 
heiresses is often a very elaborate and difficult matter. 
The rules, however, for such marshalling are well known 
and logical. A very good summary of this important 
part of a herald's duty can be found in Mr. A. C. Fox 
Davies's Art of Heraldry^ in the chapter on Marshalling. 
A coat-of-arms is, however, sometimes found with many 
quarterings which only show the successive alliances, 
but in such a case the facts should always be stated. 
In default of such explanation the existence of the proper 
heraldic heiress rights must always be presumed. 

When a man quarters the coat-of-arms of an ancestral 
heiress, he has also the right to use the crest belonging 
to it. The right of bearing a crest, although not 
allowed to ladies, seems to be latent in them, as it can 
be inherited through them, if heiresses, by their male 
descendants. But in ordinary English usage it is usual 



Introduction 

only to use one crest, except in the case of an assumption 
by Royal Licence of an additional surname, coat-of-arms, 
and crest. In German heraldry such quartered coats 
are usually accompanied by all their respective crests, 
which are placed along the top of the coat in an arched 
line, each on its proper helmet, and all facing inwards. 

Distinctive personal marks on English shields are 
few ; the commonest is the Ulster hand which is used 
as an augmentation by Baronets. The rank of Baronet, 
which is hereditary, was instituted by James I. in 1611. 
By the original Statutes of the Order, Baronets in order 
to qualify for the rank had to maintain " thirty soldiers 
three years at eightpence a day in the Province of 
Ulster in Ireland." A Baronet had to prove that he 
was a gentleman by birth and to possess property to the 
value of ^1000 per annum. 

The arms of Ulster are a red left hand appaume on 
a silver ground, and the origin of this curious coat is 
said to be that on an Irish expedition for the acquisition 
of new territory in ancient days, the ancestor of the 
O'Neiles, finding that an adversary was reaching the 
coveted shore more quickly than he was, cut off his left 
hand, and threw it ashore, thereby establishing a " first 
landing " claim to the new territory. The claim was 
allowed, and so the successful chieftain became the first 
king of Ulster and the ancestor of the succeeding kings. 

The Ulster hand, either with or without its silver 

9 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

shield, usually shows either on the honour point in the 
centre of a shield, in the dexter chief, or in the centre 
chief, but there is no definite rule as to its position. 

In 1625 a similar hereditary rank was instituted for 
Nova Scotia in North America, but since 1801 all 
Baronets have been " of the United Kingdom." The 
Baronets of Ulster and of the United Kingdom both use 
the Ulster hand as their symbol, borne upon their shield, 
but the Baronets of Nova Scotia indicate their rank in 
another way. The badge of a Baronet of Nova Scotia 
hangs from the base of his shield, suspended by a tawny 
ribbon ; the badge is oval, and shows " argent, a saltire 
azure, thereon an inescutcheon of the arms of Scotland 
ensigned with an Imperial Crown, the whole encircled 
by a fillet on which are the words ' fax mentis honestae 



GLORIA. ' " 



Concerning the Knights of the English Langue of 
the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Guillim says that 
they may wear "their Paternal coat armour insigned 
with this cross on the chief of their Paternal Coat." 
The cross he speaks of is, he says, that of Amadeus, Earl 
of Savoy (Gu., a cross argent), who fought in company 
with the Knights of St. John at the Siege of Acre in the 
thirteenth century, and, the Grand Master being slain, 
put on his dress and demeaned himself so gallantly that 
he was asked to allow the Order to adopt his coat-of-arms. 

In the Charter of Incorporation of this Order granted 



10 



Introduction 

by Queen Victoria in 1888, it is ordained that "Knights 
of Justice may bear the Arms of the Order, viz. Gules, 
a cross argent embellished alternately in each of the 
principal angles with a Lion guardant and a Unicorn, 
both passant or," as a chief on their coat-of-arms. The 
lion and the unicorn were added to the then existing 
arms of the English Langue of the Order by 
George IV. 

Knights of other Orders and Knights Bachelors do 
not, as such, use any augmentations on their shields. 

Several forms of marks of cadency are given in the 
Book of St. Albansy printed in the fifteenth century, and 
many more had been used in mediaeval times, but 
the manner of indicating cadency which has lasted until 
the present day is the only one that it is necessary to 
describe here. 

In an old window at St. Mary's Church, Warwick, 
the six sons of the Earl of Warwick, who died in the 
thirty-fourth year of Edward III., are marked by the six 
following devices on their shields : — 

ist, a Label I I | I 

2nd, a Crescent 



3rd, a Mullet or spur rowel, some- 
times pierced 

II 




English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

4th, a Martlet 




5th, an Annulet 



6th, a Fleur-de-lys 



Gerard Legh in his Accedens of Armory mentions 
three more such marks : — 

7th, a Rose. 8th, a Cross moline. 9th, a double 
Quatrefoil. 

The first six are often met with, but the last three 
very rarely. 

The Royal Family all use labels as cadency marks, 
distinguished by charges upon them, or by the number of 
points, differences which are all specially granted, the eldest 
son always wearing a plain silver label of three points. 

English coronets seem to have followed a definite line 
of development, but they were not actually settled as 
to their respective designs until the time of Charles II., 
at whose coronation all the ranks of the Peerage carried 
their respective coronets exactly in their present form. 

At first coronets of rank were only circlets of metal, 

then on this circlet were put balls or " pearls " (as in the 

portrait of King Alfred on the Dowgate Hill brooch, or 

the coronet of a Baron or Viscount), then the pearls were 

12 



Introduction 

ornamentally tripled, and this trefoil soon turned into a 
leaf form (e,g, the coronet of an Earl or Marquis, alternately 
pearls and leaves), and finally leaves alone figure as the 
mark of the highest peerage rank of a subject {e.g. the 
coronet of a Duke, leaves only). 

The Royal Crown has gone through a similar line of 
development, but in this case the trefoil has evolved into 
two diflferent forms, that of the cross pattee, and that of 
the fleur-de-lys. These forms became fixed in the time 
of Henry VII., the existing crown of England being 
essentially of the same pattern as that then finally 
adopted, arches and all. 

While fully appreciating the fact that the forms of 
modern coronets only date from the time of Charles II., 
it is still interesting to inquire by what methods peers of 
earlier date marked their dignity pictorially, and it seems 
that this was done by means of the use of a crest-chapeau, 
and the use of a helmet under it. But in sculpture certain 
forms of coronets also appear. Crowns and coronets are 
placed immediately upon the top of the shield. Over 
the crown or coronet comes the helmet, and over the 
helmet the crest. 

The Royal Crown of England has followed a definite 
line of development, and, as mentioned above, it reached 
its present form in the time of Henry VII., but, curiously 
enough, on the only known book-stamp that is attributed 
to this king the crown is shown in a more ancient form, 

13 




English Heraldic Book- Stamps 

that of a circlet ornamented with fleurs-de-lys of 
different sizes. The centre cross pattee on the English 
crown was not used before it was invented by Henry VI., 
and it first shows on his seal for foreign affairs. 

The Royal Crown of England now has upon the 
circlet four crosses pattee and four fleurs-de-lys, and from 
the tops of the crosses rise two com- 
plete arches, bearing a mound and cross 
at their point of junction. The Stuart 
crowns often show two more arches, 
rising from the tops of the fleurs-de-lys, 
and this peculiarity was lately shown on the diamond 
crown made for the coronation of Queen Alexandra. 
The Royal crowns are richly jewelled. 

The coronet of the Prince of Wales is the same as the 
crown of the Sovereign, except that it has only one 
arch and no jewels. The single arch was granted, for 
the future, by Charles II. ; before that 
the princely coronet had no arch. The 
older form of this coronet can still be 
seen on the Prince of Wales's badge 
of three ostrich feathers, which are 
held together by a coronet of the old shape. The three 
feathers are said to have been the badge of John, King 
of Bohemia, who was killed by the Black Prince at Crecy 
in 1346. The motto " Ich Dien " also belonged to 
the King of Bohemia. 

14 







Introduction 

The coronets of younger children of the Sovereign 
are the same as that of the Prince of 
Wales, but without the arch. 

The coronets of Princes, grand- 
children of the Sovereign, are the same as those of the 
younger children of the Sovereign, ex- 
cept that the two outer crosses pattee 
are replaced by strawberry leaves. 

Charles II. settled all these matters as they now are, 
and also ordained that Princes, grand- 
children or nephews of the Sovereign, 
being also Dukes, should wear on their 
coronets four crosses pattee alternately with four straw- 
berry leaves. 

The Black Prince was the first English Duke. The 
title derives from Dux, a leader, and was, and still is, a 
sovereign title in many instances. The Black Prince was 
created a Duke in 1337 by his father Edward III. On 
the Prince's tomb at Canterbury he wears over his helmet 
a coronet which shows ten or more leaves on short 
pyramidal points rising from the circlet. The present 
ducal coronet is probably a survival of this form. The 
Black Prince's helmet with chapeau and crest is also pre- 
served at Canterbury. On the tomb of John Beaufort, 
Duke of Somerset (1444), at Wimborne Minster, he is 
shown wearing a coronet set with several trefoils or leaves 
rising from the circlet. The same design shows in 

15 




English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Prince Arthurs Book (150 1-2) at the College of 
Arms, where the banner of Charles Brandon, Duke of 
Suffolk, is ensigned with a coronet bearing several leaves 
resembling strawberry leaves. 

At the coronation of Edward VII., the official 
description of a Duke's coronet is " of silver gilt, and 
on the circle eight strawberry leaves." 
Pictorially five of these leaves are 
shown. 

The first English Marquis was Robert de Vere, 
created Marquis of Dublin by Richard II. in 1387. A 
Lord Marcher was a Governor or Ruler of the Marches, 
or Frontiers, but the dignity did not become hereditary 
until the fourteenth century. It was a position of much 
importance and responsibility. The coronet of a Marquis 
is nearly the same as that of a Duke, but each alternate 
leaf is turned into a silver ball or pearl. 

At the coronation of Edward VII., the official descrip- 
tion of a Marquis's coronet is " of silver gilt, and on the 
circle four gold strawberry leaves and 
four silver balls alternately, the latter 
a little raised on points above the 
rim." Pictorially three strawberry leaves and two pearls 
are shown. 

The title of Earl, or Eorl, is one of Anglo-Saxon 

origin, and probably derived from the Danish Jarl. 

Eorls were warriors and had charge of shires, but by 

16 




Introduction 

the Normans they were called Counts. It is the oldest 
English title of nobility. 

The Saxon form of name has, however, in this case, 
proved the most lasting, but the remains of the Norman 
nomenclature exist in the title of Countess, and also in 
the name County. The Earl or Shire man had his 
deputy, the Sheriff, and he became the Vice-count or 
"Viscount." Hugh Lupus, created Earl of Chester 
by the Conqueror, is said to have been the first 
properly constituted English hereditary Earl. The 
coronet worn by Henry Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, in 
the early fourteenth century, and which is said by 
Sandford to have been shown on the Earl's tomb in 
St. Paul's Cathedral, was a simple circlet ; and so is 
that worn by William de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, 
who died in the thirteenth century, on his tomb at 
Westminster. 

Margaret, Countess of Richmond, the mother of 
Henry VH., wears, on her tomb at Westminster, a 
coronet with eight leaves and eight pearls on points ; 
essentially the same form of a Countess's coronet as used 
now. But on her seal she uses a circlet from which rise 
alternately roses and fleurs-de-lys, five roses and four 
fleurs-de-lys, each on a short pyramidal point. This 
shows that at that time there was no definite pattern. 

On the tomb, at Windsor, of Charles Somerset, Earl 

of Worcester, who died about the middle of the sixteenth 

17 c 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

century, is a coronet with nine trefoils, or leaves, of 
equal size, and his son Henry, Earl of Worcester (d. 1549), 
on his tomb in the Parish Church at Chepstow, shows a 
coronet of leaves and pearls, all on short pyramidal stems, 
rising from the circlet. Except for the proportion of 
the stems this coronet is the same as that now used. 
At a little later date, in Elizabeth's reign, I think 
the Earl's coronet took definite shape, and, among others, 
it shows both on the seals of Dudley, Earl of Leicester, 
and Charles Howard, Earl of Nottingham, essentially in 
its present form. 

At the coronation of Edward VII. the official descrip- 
tion of an Earl's coronet is " of silver 
gilt, and on the circle eight silver balls 
raised upon points, with gold straw- 
berry leaves between the points." 
Pictorially five points with pearls and four strawberry 
leaves are shown. 

A Viscount is a Vicecomes, or deputy for a Count or 
Earl. The Earls have retained their Saxon name, but 
the Viscount has kept the Norman equivalent of their 
rank as Sheriffs. Both the Earl and his Viscount were 
originally county officials. Since 1441 the title has 
been one of hereditary rank. The first English Viscount 
was John, Viscount Beaumont, so created by Henry VI. 
The first English Viscount to wear a coronet was 

Robert, Lord Cecil of Effingdon, who was created 

18 





Introduction 

Viscount Cranbourn by James I. in 1605, and his 
coronet was essentially the same as is now used. 

At the coronation of Edward VII., the official descrip- 
tion of a Viscount's coronet is " of silver gilt and on 
the circle sixteen silver balls." Pic- 
torially nine of these silver balls are 
shown. 

The Barons are probably the modern representatives 
of the ancient Saxon Thanes. It is an old Norman name 
for the Thane, and it is found often enough in ancient 
documents. Guillim says that citizens of London were 
called " Barons Londonni," and in Domesday there is 
mention of Barons of Warwick. There were Barons of 
the Exchequer, and there are still the Barons of the 
Cinque Ports. But none of these were hereditary 
titles. 

Edward III., however, created William de la Pole 

an hereditary Baron, and since that time the dignity has 

been generally hereditary. Baronies were at first held 

by Tenure, that is by reason of the existence of adequate 

territorial possessions, and Guillim says that this essential 

was forgone by Henry III., who created Barons by 

Writ. In later times, when the rank became hereditary, 

Baronies by Writ have been heritable through the 

female line, and because of this, Baronial titles have in 

many instances been held by several allied families, with 

different family names. 

19 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

The coronet of a Baron was originally a plain circlet, 
but Charles II. ordained that in future there should be 
six balls upon it, and the Barons at his coronation wore 
such additional ornamentation. In Ireland, however, 
this form of Barons' coronets had already been fixed by 
James I. 

At the coronation of Edward VII., the official descrip- 
tion of a Baron's coronet is " of silver 

MIS 




gilt and on the circle six silver balls 
at equal distances." Pictorially four 

silver balls are shown. 

The coronet of a King-of-Arms is of silver gilt, and 

on the circlet is inscribed the words 




NAM MiSERicoRDiAM TUAM,'* taken from 

the 51st Psalm. From the circlet rise alternately long 

and short oak leaves. 

The Kings-of-Arms, Heralds, and Pursuivants were 
incorporated as a College by Richard III. in 1483, 
and Derby House in the city, now the College of 
Arms, was given to them as their headquarters in 1555. 
Kings-of-Arms wore coronets from the beginning ; a 
portrait of William Bruges, the first Garter King-of- 
Arms, in 1420, in an illuminated manuscript, shows 
him wearing a coronet on which are four trefoils, or 
leaves, upon short pyramidal stems. On the grant of 

arms of the Tallow Chandlers' Company, John Smert, 

20 



Introduction 

Garter King-of-Arms in 1456, is shown wearing a 
coronet on which are three leaves and two pearls or 
balls. Sir William Dugdale, Garter King-of-Arms during 
the latter half of the seventeenth century, wore a coronet 
with twelve oak leaves of equal height on the circlet, 
on which there was no inscription. The coronet as 
now used was probably first decided upon early in the 
eighteenth century. 

Heralds and Kings-of-Arms are entitled to surround 
their arms with the ancient collar of SS. The same 
honour is allowed to the Serjeants-at-Arms and several 
of the Judges. 

Imitation jewels are repousse upon the circlets of 
all these coronets, except those of Barons and Heralds. 
No English crowns or coronets, except those worn by 
the Sovereign or the Queen Consort, have any real 
jewels upon them. 

Crowns and coronets are only officially worn in 
England on the occasion of the coronation, and then 
with the ordered coronation dress. They are put on 
when the crown is put upon the head of the Sovereign. 
But if they are held over the head of the owner it 
appears to be sufficient, as in Sir George Hayter's 
beautiful picture of the coronation of Queen Victoria, 
the Duchess of Cambridge is shown with a Lady-in- 
Waiting holding her coronet over her head. The 
Duchess was wearing a very handsome diamond tiara 



21 




English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

which, no doubt, she considered more becoming than 
her coronet. 

Crowns and coronets are properly depicted without 
any cap within them, but when they are worn it is 
always over the Peer's cap, known variously as a Cap 
of Estate, of Maintenance, or of Dignity. The same 
cap is also used in many early instances as a crest- 
chapeau. The cap is the same for all 
ranks, from the Sovereign to the King- 
of-Arms ; it consists of a red velvet 
,^ _ - » ^ cap lined with white silk and turned 

up with miniver, which is white 
ermine fur having small dots or tufts of black horse- 
hair sewn into it at intervals. At the top is an orna- 
mental gold button, with fringes of gold thread. 

The earliest figure of a cap of this sort can be 
seen on the Black Prince's helmet over his tomb at 
Canterbury ; it has been painted red and miniver, 
but is now in a very bad condition. The crest stands 
upon it. 

The Cap of Estate, without any crown or coronet 
over it, is worn by the Sovereign on the way to the 
coronation, and it is also generally borne on a cushion 
by one of the great officers of State when the Sovereign 
is present in State or Semi-State. It is carried by the 
Marquis of Winchester or his representative. Peers used 
such caps pictorially before they showed coronets, and on 

22 



Introduction 

fifteenth and sixteenth century seals the Cap of Estate 
marks a high rank. It commonly shows on the seals of 
Dukes and Earls in conjunction with a helmet. The 
chapeau in early times seems to end in two swallow- 
tails, but now it is worn round. As a crest support 
in modern times it is rarely granted, but there still 
remain a few instances of its use. 

Although it is correct to depict coronets without 
the Cap of Estate, it is also correct to show them with 
it. In the latter case the miniver turn-up comes just 
below the lower rim of the circlet. It is a common 
mistake to show the miniver turn-up without the velvet 
Cap above it, which is obviously absurd. 

In the absence of a crown or coronet the Helmet 
rests directly on the upper part of a shield. In fifteenth 
and sixteenth century seals it shows very large in com- 
parison with the coat-of-arms, and so does the crest ; 
the helmet often shows the guige or shield belt, and 
the shield often hangs couchee or sideways. The Helmet, 
so says Guillim, is the true mark of English nobility, 
and it certainly shows as such on seals dating from the 
fourteenth until about the end of the sixteenth century, 
when rank coronets began to be used instead of, or 
together with, a corresponding form of helmet. 

From the early seventeenth century the shapes and 
metals of the helmets denoting rank have been clearly 
laid down, and they are as follows : — 

23 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Royal. — A Helmet of Gold, with six bars, 
set afFrontee. 



Peers. — A Helmet of Silver, barred, with 
five bars, and garnished gold, usually 
set in profile, but Dukes sometimes 
used it afFrontee. 



Baronets and Knights. — A Helmet of Steel, 
garnished with silver, without bars, the 
visor open, and set afFrontee. 







Esquires. — A Helmet of Steel, the visor 
closed, and set in profile. 



On the Helmet, between it and the crest support, 
comes the mantling, the survival of the helmet cover 
torn in war, and showing in strips, now ornamentally- 
treated. The main metals and colours of the coat-of- 
arms should be repeated in the mantling. 

To wear a crest at a Tournament implied more social 
status than the possession of a shield, and in the latter 
part of the fourteenth century all great nobles were very- 
careful to display their crests, but lesser gentry had to be 

24 



Introduction 

content with their shields only. In early visitations coats- 
of-arms were frequently granted without crest at all. 

Later, in Jacobean times, crests were sometimes given 
to persons already bearing arms, and they became 
commoner. Whenever ancestral coats - of - arms are 
quartered with a given coat, the corresponding crests 
may also be worn, but in English usage this is rarely 
done. In the event, however, of an additional surname 
being adopted by Royal Licence, with the corresponding 
coat-of-arms and crest, the second crest is commonly used ; 
but it is very rare in English Heraldry to show more than 
two crests. 

Crests are" undoubtedly derived from the fact that in 
the days of Armour, Knights were completely covered up 
and required some evident mark by which they could be 
recognised. To meet this difficulty a coloured device set 
on the top of a man's helmet offered an obvious and 
ornamental solution. Such a crest was strictly personal ; 
the retainers of a Knight wore his badge and his colours, 
but never his crest. The modern use of livery colours 
and badges can be well seen in the case of the Beefeaters 
at the Tower. Very ancient helmets were sometimes 
ornamentally coloured. 

The crest " Crista," a cockscomb, was often of a fan 
or cockscomb shape on the top of a helmet, but gradually 
it assumed more distinguishing peculiarities. On the 
Great Seal of Richard I., on the equestrian side, a cocks- 

25 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

comb crest shows on the King's helmet, with a lion of 
England on the flat base of it. The whole coat-of-arms 
sometimes shows on the Fan crest, as it does in the 
crest of the City of London. The original Fan, however, 
in this instance, has become curiously modified into the 
shape of a dragon's wing. 

Crests are carried on some sort of support ; those 
usually found are one or other of the following : — 

On a crest-chapeau, the old cap of maintenance, dignity, or of estate. 
It was, and is, usually used by persons of high rank. The 
earhest remaining example of the use of the crest-chapeau is in 
Canterbury Cathedral, and a model of one is there on the helmet 
of the Black Prince, over his tomb. The cap is of red velvet 
turned up with miniver ; it is not a round cap like its modern 
representative, but is of an elongated shape, ending in two 
swallow-tails. 

Issuing from an heraldic coronet showing three strawberry leaves, the 
colour of the coronet being exemplified in the official grant. 
This coronet does not appear to have any meaning. 

Issuing from a Mural coronet, sometimes granted to Army officers. 

Issuing from a Naval coronet, sometimes granted to Naval officers. 

On a fillet or twisted torse of the chief metal and chief colour of the 
coat-of-arms with which it is used. This fillet is the com- 
monest crest support, and the others, chapeau or coronet, are 
themselves sometimes set upon a torse. It should be stated in 
the grant. 

Crests carry the same cadency marks as occur on the 
coat-of-arms. 

Crests are of very ancient use ; marks of dignity worn 
upon the head are among the earliest signs of chieftain- 
ship used by mankind. A savage chief would readily 

wear a rare bird's feather in his head as a mark of dignity, 

26 



Introduction 

or even his own hair matted into particular forms, as the 
Zulus still do. As for feathers, we still wear them on our 
heads as indications of rank ; they can be found on the 
ceremonial hats of all the great Orders of Knighthood, on 
the hats of the Staff of our army as well as on several 
Regimental head-dresses, and on the hats of our Civil 
Servants. 

Knights and Companions, or Esquires, of Orders of 
Knighthood show the badge or badges of the Order or 
Orders to which they belong suspended from the proper 
ribbon from the base of their shields. Medals are seldom 
so shown. Knights Commanders of Orders of Knight- 
hood usually, in addition, surround their coats-of-arms 
with the ribbon and motto of their senior Order. From 
this ribbon may depend the badges of all the Orders to 
which the Knight belongs. Knights Grand Cross may 
further surround their coats-of-arms with the collars of 
any or all the Orders having collars to which they 
belong, the badge of each depending from its proper 
collar. When several collars are shown they are some- 
times halved, each badge always being so arranged as to 
hang from a link of its own collar. 

Many officials besides those already mentioned are 
entitled to show emblems of their office outside their 
shields, but few of these show on book-stamps. An 
instance, however, may be seen on one of the stamps 
used by Samuel Pepys, where he shows two anchors 

27 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

behind his shield as a mark of his position as Secretary 
to the Admiralty. In the same way Field-Marshals 
are entitled to place crossed batons behind their 
shields. 

Clergymen of high rank sometimes ensign their coats- 
of-arms with a Mitre, but as non-combatants they use no 
crests. Archbishops and Bishops impale the Arms of 
their See with their own paternal coats, the official coat 
taking the dexter position. Deans also and lesser ecclesi- 
astical dignitaries in many cases impale their family coats 
with an official one, in the same way. 

The origin of Supporters to coats-of-arms is a matter 
upon which there is much difference of opinion. It is 
probable that as now used they are partly of utilitarian 
and partly of decorative origin. Badges and charges on 
coats-of-arms have often developed into Supporters. 
Henry VIII., in 1528, borrowed one of the lions of 
England from his coat-of-arms and adopted him as 
a Dexter Supporter, a dignity he has retained ever 
since. 

At Tournaments, before the combatants entered the 

Lists their banners and shields were displayed and held 

by retainers or pages. These serving-men were dressed 

in their Lord's livery or in some fancy dress. So that a 

Knight's shield would be recognised not only by the 

devices upon it, but also by the colours and appearance of 

its Supporter. 

28 



Introduction 

Many foreign shields, and ancient English ones also, 
show only one Supporter, and it is likely enough that 
when pictorial heraldry began generally to show Sup- 
porters, a second Supporter was often added for the sake of 
uniformity alone. In King Arthur's Book at the College 
of Arms, illuminated quite early in the sixteenth century, 
banners are shown with only one Supporter holding them 
up. 

Supporters were regularly used by persons of high 
rank from early in the fifteenth century ; they carry on 
them any marks of cadency which may be on the shield 
to which they belong. The right to use Supporters 
depends upon the wording of the grant of Arms concerned. 
Practically they are now seldom granted except to Peers. 
In the past, however, many commoners have been granted 
Supporters for their coats-of-arms, by Royal Warrant, and 
some of these are hereditary. This is a point which 
would be specified in the grant, and without such 
specification the Supporters would not be hereditary. 

In Scotland ancient usage is allowed to be a good 
cause for using Supporters. 

Supporters have at present no defined status, they in- 
dicate no rank ; but the tendency now is to restrict their 
use, and it is quite probable that some day they will 
become actual evidences of Peerage rank, as they probably 
originally were. No list of English Heraldic Supporters 

has yet been published. 

29 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Mottoes largely derive from War-cries. In England 
they are not mentioned in grants of arms, and very rarely 
in visitation books. Mottoes are not hereditary, but can 
be changed at the w^ill of any armigerous person. Officers 
of arms will record mottoes by request, provided they do 
not infringe any existing rights. 

In Scotland, however, mottoes are recognised officially; 
they are subject to grant, and their position with regard 
to the coat -of- arms or crest to which they belong is 
specified. Heraldic mottoes appear to have been used 
in England in the sixteenth century ; they show on 
some of the Garter Plates at Windsor. Mottoes often 
accompanied badges, and in many cases they may have 
been transferred from them to the coat-of-arms or to 
the crest. 

The motto " DiEu et Mon Droit " was adopted 
by Edward III., in allusion to his claim to the 
Throne of France. In 1801, on the Legislative union of 
Great Britain and Ireland, the title of King of France, as 
well as the coat-of-arms of France which had appeared 
on the English coat-of-arms ever since the time of 
Edward III., was discontinued, but the motto has been 
retained and is still used. Useful lists of English mottoes 
are given in several editions of Burke's Peerage^ and in the 
1905 edition of Fairbairn's Crests, 

Some elementary knowledge of heraldic terms and 
bearings must be acquired before it is possible to use any 

30 



Introduction 

of the ordinaries, or lists of coats -of- arms, arranged 
according to the divisions of shields and the bearings 
upon them. 

Fortunately the primary and, at the same time, the 
most important divisions of a shield are few and easily 
learnt. They had originally a structural origin, and 
although I begin with a line in my analysis, it is likely 
that the charges were originally first ; for instance, a red 
scarf tied across the top of a shield would develop 
heraldically into " a chief gu." In the same way a red 
scarf tied from top to bottom of an iron shield would 
become heraldically " sa., a pale gu." and so on. There 
are now proper proportions for all these charges, but in 
practice they are not strictly adhered to. 

A large number of coats are not divided up at all, but 
are simply charged with bearings that may be easily 
identified if the colours are known ; such coats have fre- 
quently animal forms upon them, a Lion rampant or an 
Eagle displayed, or more than one animal arranged in a • 
certain order. Such coats can generally be easily found 
in an Ordinary, but the colour in old seals and on old 
books is seldom given, and this often makes any un- 
supported identification very doubtful. 

The shield may be divided by a centre 
perpendicular line from top to bottom ; this 
is called division per Pale^ and when the 
dividing line is thickened it becomes a charge, and 

31 





English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

is described " a Pale." A husband impales his wife's 
coat with his own, on the sinister side, 
except when the lady is an heraldic heiress, 
when her coat will be found on an 
escutcheon of Pretence in the centre of 
her husband's shield. Children of such a marriage are 
entitled to quarter their mother's coat with their paternal 
coat. They can also use any ancestral quarterings to 
which their mother was entitled. 

When a shield is divided by a central horizontal line 
it is said to be divided per Fess^ 
and when the dividing line is 
thickened it becomes a charge and 
is called " a Fess." Several small 
fesses are called bars, or the shield may be described 
as " Barry." 

If the perpendicular pale and the horizontal fess 
lines are combined, a shield becomes " Quartered " or 
" Quarterly," and if these lines are 
thickened we get the Cross, of 
which there are several varieties, 
e,g, cross pattee, with the ends 
flattened out like feet ; cross crosslet with each end 
crossed by a little bar ; cross moline with double-pointed 
ends ; cross fleury with triple-pointed ends, and so on. 
If a shield is covered all over with reduplications of the 
quartering lines, so as to be divided into a number 

32 









Introduction 

of little squares, or quarterings, it is said to be chequy 
or compony. 

When a shield is divided diagonally, either from 
right to left, or from left to right, which must be 
specified, it is said to be per Bend, 
dexter or sinister, as the case 
may be. If either of these lines 
is thickened so as to become a 
charge it is called "a Bend" (dexter or sinister). If 
the dexter and sinister dividing Bend lines are com- 
bined, a division per Saltire is 
the result, and if these lines are 
thickened so as to become a 
charge, it is called " a Saltire." If 
the upper triangle in the Saltire is drawn down into a 
narrow point and forms a charge, it is called " a Pile." 
There may be several of these, and their 
number, position, and colour are always stated. 
If the Saltire lines are repeated so as to cover 
the entire shield with diamond-shaped spaces, 
it is said to be Lozengy, and if these lines are thickened 
so as to become charges, it is called Fretty, and the 
little bars are interlaced. 

If now the dividing lines of a quartered 
coat and those of a coat divided per Saltire 
be combined, we get a division known as 
Gyronny, common in Scottish heraldry. 









English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

If a shield is divided by an angular line in a gable 

form, the two lowest lines of a division per Saltire, 

it is called per Chevron^ and if 

this line is thickened so as to 

become a charge, it is called a 

Chevron. 

When a third part of the top of a shield is marked off 

by a horizontal line it forms what is called a Chief, and 

when the top left-hand corner is 

marked off as a small square, 

measuring about a third of the 

chief, it is called a Canton, and 

is often an honourable augmentation to a coat-of-arms, 

granted for some distinguished service. 

When a shield has a narrow border all 
round it, it is called a Bordure, and this is also 
often an honourable augmentation, difference, 
or mark of cadency on a family coat-of-arms. 
The boundary lines of all these charges are normally 

straight, but they may also be either 







and a few more which are rarely met with. 

34 



Introduction 

Charges are usually placed on shields in certain 
positions which follow one or other of the main lines of 
division which have just been enumerated. 

For instance, the three lions of England are arranged 
one under the other, on an imaginary line running 
from the top to the bottom of the shield. If such 
a broad line existed it would be called a Pale, so the 
lions are said to be "In, or Per Pale.'* Similarly, 
they might be arranged "In Fess " or "In Bend," 
and so on. 

All charges and bearings on shields should be shown 
flat except 

The Fret, which is interlaced. 

Fretty, a small fret repeated, also interlaced. 

Roundels in colour, which should be shown as hemi- 
spherical. They doubtless represent the bosses on a 
shield. The metal roundels, however, the Bezant of 
gold, and the Plate of silver, no doubt represent coins, 
and are shown flat ; and that Cadency marks may 
correctly be represented, as in relief on a shield. 

Heraldic charges are numerous, and if any pro- 
longed investigation is likely to be required their 
names and forms will have to be learnt. But a few 
of the commoner charges may well be explained here, 
as such explanation may possibly in many cases save a 
long search. 



35 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



A Dragon is a monster with scales all over him ; 
he has four legs ending in eagle's talons and 
a spear-head at the end of his tail, his 
wings are like the wings of a bat, with a 
claw at the end of each rib. 



A Griffin has the head, front legs, and wings of 
an eagle, and the hind-quarters of a lion. 




A Wyvern has a dragon's head and wings, with 
two eagle's legs, his tail is curled round 
itself and ends in a spear-point. He is 
scaly all over. 



A Cockatrice is a Wyvern with a cock's head. 

A Basilisk is a cockatrice with its tail ending in a dragon's head. 

A Lion shows one eye, one ear, and stands upon one foot, rampant. 
He has a mane, and his tail has a tuft at the end, and he shows 
no spots. If a lion is otherwise depicted it must be mentioned 
in the blazon. A lion showing two eyes and two ears is a lion 
"Leopard^." 

A Leopard shows two eyes and t\yo ears ; he has no mane and his tail 
is not tufted. He should show spots and be " nowhere shaggy." 
If he only shows one eye and one ear he is a leopard "Lionn6." 

Most of the Other animals explain themselves, but 
there are a few curious charges, no doubt survivals of 
common forms, which also retain their ancient heraldic 
names, and these forms and names are useful to re- 

36 



Introduction 

member; among them the following occur perhaps 
most frequently : — 



A Caltrap. 




A Fusil. 



A Chess-rook. 1 


r^ 


i 


^ A Mascle. 

^^L^| 


A Clarion. 


?i)J 




A Maunch or 


A Fer-de-Moline. 


Vwy Sleeve. 


A Fermail. Ai 


';;Z:x A Pheon. 



% 




A Fountain. 



A Fret. 




A Rustre. 



A Water Bouget. 




Heraldic Shields changed their forms at different 
periods, but it is not necessary to trouble much about 
that here, as coats-of-arms on books are always simple in 
shape. But it may be noted that unmarried ladies or 
widows show their arms in the form of a Lozenge. 
Guillim says, " This form is derived from the fusil, or 
spindle for yarn, single women being called spinsters." 

37 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

The lozenge is an inconvenient form, and it is broadened 
out whenever possible. When a wife's coat is shown on 
an escutcheon of Pretence in the centre of her husband's 
shield, it loses its lozenge form. 

In view of a possible second volume in continuation 
of the present, I should feel most grateful if any 
librarians or owners of libraries will send me rubbings 
of any more coats-of-arms on books that they know of. 
To make a rubbing, from which I can make a drawing, 
is quite easy. A piece of soft paper should be used, and 
kept from slipping by a weight. Put the paper carefully 
over the stamped part of the book, and then with the 
finger gently press the paper down into the stamped 
leather. When the design can just be distinguished, 
rub over the paper, without letting it slip, with an 
H.B. pencil cut to a broad round point, and it will be 
found that in this way, with a little practice, every line 
and dot in a stamp will show quite clearly. The 
impressed lines on the leather will show as white on the 
rubbing. From such a rubbing a drawing can be made. 
Besides the rubbing, I should also like a copy of the title 
of the book, and the name of the owner or library to 
which it belongs. 

I am aware that many of my attributions of coats in 
the following pages are open to criticism, and I shall be 
very grateful if any of my readers can correct any of them 
with authority. At the end of the book I have given 

38 



Introduction 

a short list of the books of reference, heraldic and 
biographical, which I have found of most service in the 
compilation of this book, and I gratefully record my 
indebtedness to them all. 

I have taken the Royal Titles from the respective 
Great Seals. 

C. D. 

Burlington Fine Arts Club, 
September 1908. 



39 




ABBOT, GEORGE, ARCHBISHOP OF 
CANTERBURY 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Arg., an archiepiscopal staff, headed with 
a cross pattee or, surmounted by a pall arg., 
charged with four crosses pattee fitchee sable, 
fringed and edged or. The See of Canterbury. 

Sinister : Gules, a chevron between three pears 
pendent or. Abbot 

[Several volumes in the Library at Lambeth Palace.] 

George Abbot, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 29th October 1562, 
died 4th August 1633), ^^^ ^ native of Guildford, and took orders in 1585, 
afterwards becoming a tutor at Oxford, where he was also a Fellow of 
Balliol. He was a strong Puritan and a popular preacher at St. Mary's. 

In 1597, Abbot was elected Master of University College, and in 1599 

41 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

he became Dean of Winchester and also Vice-Chancellor of the University 
of Oxford. He wrote several treatises on the religious questions of his 
time, and enjoyed the personal esteem of James I., who thought very 
highly of him as a theologian and as a politician. 

The King's favour showed in the rapid promotion of Dr. Abbot. In 
1609 he was consecrated Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, and later in 
the same year he was translated to London. In the next year, on the 
death of Archbishop Bancroft, Abbot was made Archbishop of Canterbury. 
Dr. Abbot had no sinecure in his Archbishopric, and his many enemies 
and the troubled state of theological matters generally left him but little 
peace. In 1621, when shooting with a crossbow at a buck, he accidentally 
killed a gamekeeper, and this not only preyed much upon his mind, but 
it also offered a handle for his detractors, especially those among the clergy, 
many of whom held that homicide rendered him unfit for his high position. 

On the death of James I. Royal favour deserted the Archbishop, as 
Charles I. never appears to have thought well of him. In 1627, on more 
or less unjust pretexts, he suffered sequestration of his office, and a com- 
mission was appointed to exercise the Archiepiscopal functions, and Abbot 
retired to his native town, Guildford, where he died in 1633. Many of 
his books remain in the Library at Lambeth Palace. 



42 



Abrol 




ABROL 

Arms, — Per pale or and gu., three roundels inter- 
changed, a crescent for difference. 
Motto. — Teres atque rotundus. 

Probably belonged to the Library of a member of 
the Worcestershire family of Abrol. 

[TussER. Five hundred pointes of good Husbandrie. 

^593-] 



43 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




ALBERT OF SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA, PRINCE 
CONSORT OF QUEEN VICTORIA 

The initial " A " within the garter and ensigned 
with the Ducal Crown of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. 

[Raphael. Works at Windsor Castle, 1876.] 

Prince Albert (born 26th August 18 19, died 14th December 1861) 
was the second son of Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. He married 
Queen Victoria at St. James's, i6th February 1840, and was all his life 
a Patron of the Arts and of Literature, and the International Exhibition 
of 1 85 1 is said to have been originally thought of by him. 

Prince Albert's books were kept at one or other of the Royal Palaces, 
and few of them are anywhere else. 

44 



Anne BuUen 




ANNE (BULLEN), QUEEN CONSORT 
OF HENRY VIII. 
Arms. — Impaled. 
Dexter : Quarterly. 

1 and 4. France ] All as used by Henry VIII, 

2 and 3. England J (q-v.). 

45 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Sinister : Quartered. 

1. Gu., 3 lions passant guardant or, a label of 

three points az., each charged with three 
Fleur-de-lys or. Earls of Lancaster. 

2. Az., semee de Fleur-de-lys or, a label of 

five points gu. Angouleme, 

3. Gu., a lion passant guardant or. Guyenne. 

4. Quarterly, first and fourth, per fess indented 

az. and or. Butler. Second and third arg., 
a lion rampant sa., crowned or. Rochford. 

5. Gu., 3 lions passant guardant or, a label of 

three points arg. Brotherton^ Earl of Norfolk. 

6. Chequy, or and az. Warren^ Earl of Warren 

and Surrey. 

The first three of these coats were granted to Anne 
Bullen by Henry VIII., when he created her Marchioness 
of Pembroke. The paternal coat of Bullen, " Arg., a 
chevron gules, between three bulls' heads sa.," is omitted. 

The shield is ensigned with the Royal Crown of 
England, and supported by two angels. 

[Whittington. De octo partibus orationis. Londini 
[1521], and other Sixteenth-Century Tracts.] 

Anne Bullen, or Boleyn (born 1507, died 19th May 1536), was the 
daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire and Ormonde, of Hever 
Castle in Kent. She was maid of honour to Catherine of Aragon, Queen 
of Henry VIII., and while acting in this capacity she attracted the attention 
of the king, who decided that he would marry her if he could get rid of 
Queen Catherine. 

46 



Anne Bullen 

Consequently, after many difficulties, a divorce was arranged, and 
Henry married Anne Bullen in 1532, and she was crowned Queen in 
1533. Queen Elizabeth was her only child. 

In 1536 the Queen was indicted of high treason, and on 19th May of 
the same year she was beheaded. Some of the books bearing Queen 
Anne Bullen's arms form part of the old Royal library in the British 
Museum ; the stamp is impressed in blind, without gold, and with it is 
often associated one or other of the panel stamps having the coat-of-arms 
of Henry VIII. 



47 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





A 


f^^^s 


K 




v9P9 






n 








I * 1 


^ 
b* 


1 




^ 


^^ 


fe 


P^ 





ANNE OF DENMARK, QUEEN CONSORT OF 

JAMES I. 

Arms. — A cross gu., surmounted of another arg. 
Frederick II,, King of Denmark and Norway. 

Dexter canton : Or, seme of hearts ppr., 3 lions 

passant guardant az., crowned or. Denmark, 
Sinister canton : Gu., a lion rampant, crowned or, 

holding in his paws a battle-axe arg. Norway, 
Dexter base : Az., 3 crowns ppr. Swede/2, 
Sinister base : Or, 9 hearts, 4, 3, and 2, gu., in 

chief a lion passant guardant az. Got/ies, 
In base : Gu., a wyvern, wings expanded and tail 

nowed or. T/ie Vandals, 

An escutcheon of Pretence, quarterly ; 

I. Or, 2 lions passant guardant az. Sleswick, 
48 



Anne of Denmark 

2. Gu., an inescutcheon having a nail fixed in 

every point thereof in triangle, between as 
many holly leaves, all arg. Holstein, 

3. Gu., a swan, wings close arg. Stormer. 

4. Az., a chevalier armed at all points, brandish- 

ing his sword, his helmet plumed, upon 
a courser arg., trapped or. Ditzmers, 
Over the whole an inescutcheon per pale — 

Dexter : Az., a cross formee fitchee or. Dal- 

menhurst. 
Sinister : Or, 2 bars gu. Oldenburg. 
Motto, — La MIA Grandezza viene dal Eccelso. 

[Plutarch. Les CEuvres morales de Plutarque, 
Paris, 1588.] 

Anne of Denmark (born 12th December 1574, died 1619), Queen 
Consort of James I., King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, was 
the daughter of Frederick II., King of Denmark and Norway. The 
alliance between the Danish Princess and James VI. of Scotland was not 
agreeable to Queen Elizabeth, but in spite of her opposition the marriage 
took place in 1589 at Upslo. In 1590 the king and queen returned to 
Scotland, and in 1603, on the death of Queen Elizabeth, they came to 
England. 

Queen Anne was a great patron of Progresses, Pageants, and Masques, 
and is said to have been a beautiful dancer. She was very extravagant, and 
incurred much censure for running into debt, although her allowances 
were very liberal. At one period Queen Anne was suspected of leanings 
towards the Roman Catholic religion. She objected to the marriage, 
ultimately of the greatest importance, of her daughter Elizabeth to 
Frederick V., Elector Palatine of the Rhine, on the ground that his 
position was not high enough, but she attended the marriage in 161 2. 

Several of her books are among the old Royal collection presented to 
the British Museum in 1757. 

49 E 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




ANNE, QUEEN OF GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE, 
AND IRELAND 

First Coat-of-Arms 

I. Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

1st and 4th grand quarters ; quarterly ; France 
and England. 

2nd grand quarter ; Scotland. 

3rd grand quarter ; Ireland. 
As used by James I. (q.v.). 
Used from 8th March 1702 until 6th March 1706. 

[BiANCHiNi. De Kalendarto et Cyclo Caesaris. 

Romae, 1703.] 

50 



Oilmen Anne 




Second Coat-of-Arms 

2. Arms. — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 
I St and 4th grand quarters, impaled. 
Dexter : England. 
Sinister : Scotland. 
2nd grand quarter ; France. 
3rd grand quarter ; Ireland. 
Colours as used by James I. (q.v.). 
Used from 6th March 1706 until 1st August 171 4. 
Crest, — A Royal Crown ppr., thereon a lion statant 
guardant or, crowned ppr. 

Supporters. — Lion and unicorn. 

Motto. — Semper eadem. 

Badges. — Tudor rose and Thistle. 

[England. Laws. 1702.] 
5^ 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





^ 


<. 




7M^i^^/ 


w\i) 


'^/>, 


Uv^^^~->^~^^^^^^ 


^^^ 


r1^^^^^ 




^g' 


% 




W~ 





The Royal name ensigned with a Royal Crown, and 
the motto " Vivat Regina " upheld by two cherubs. 

[Euclid. Elements, Oxford, 1703.] 




The Royal Monogram 
ensigned with a Royal 
Crown. 

[OVERBECK. 

Reliq, Ant, Romae. 
Amst., 1708.] 



52 



Queen Anne 

Queen Anne (born loth May 1655, died ist August 1714) was the 
second daughter of James II. and Anne Hyde, daughter of Edward Hyde, 
first Earl of Clarendon. She succeeded her cousin, William III., on the 
throne of England in 1702. Queen Anne was the last of the Stuart line 
to occupy the throne of England. 

The first coat-of-arms used by Queen Anne was the same as that 
generally used by her predecessor, but without the arms of Nassau, that is 
to say, first and fourth grand quarters, France and England quarterly ; 
second grand quarter, Scotland ; and third grand quarter, Ireland. 
In 1702 a notice was published in the London Gazette to the effect 
that " wheresoever there shall be occasion to embroider, depict, grave, carve, 
or paint Her Majesty's Royal Arms with a motto, this Motto following, 
viz. Semper eadem, is to be used " (23rd December). It will be remem- 
bered that this motto had been previously used by Queen Elizabeth. 

The Legislative Union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland took 
place on Thursday, 6th March 1706, when the royal assent was given to 
the Act. A change in the Royal coat-of-arms took place in consequence 
of this Act, and for the remainder of the reign of Queen Anne (1706-17 14) 
the first and fourth grand quarters contained the coats of England and 
Scotland impaled, in the manner used to denote husband and wife ; the 
second grand quarter, France ; and the third grand quarter, Ireland. 
Besides the coat-of-arms, the crowned initials and name of Queen Anne 
were frequently stamped upon her books, and some of her book-stamps 
appear to have been designed by foreigners. 

Oueen Anne's books came to the British Museum with the rest of the 
old Royal Library of England in 1757. 



53 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




ASTLE, THOMAS 

Arms, — Az., a cinquefoil erm., a bordure engrailed 
of the second. Ast/e. 

Crest, — On a chapeau, a plume of five feathers in 
a case arg. banded gu., and environed with a ducal 
coronet or. 

[Collection of miscellaneous MSS. Stowe 516.] 

Thomas Astle (born 22ncl December 1735, died ist December 
1803) was a book collector and antiquary, and a native of Yoxall in 
Staffordshire. In 1783 he was appointed Keeper of the Records in the 
Tower of London, where his literary tastes stood him in good stead, and 
he edited and indexed the treasures which were under his care with energy 
and success ; he was also a Trustee of the British Museum. 

Astle wrote several important works ; perhaps the most useful of them 
are the Catalogue of the MSS. in the Cottonian Library, and a treatise 
on the Origin and Progress of Writing. His printed books now belong to 
the library of the Royal Institution, and his collection of Manuscripts 
is kept at the British Museum. This important collection belonged succes- 
sively to the Marquis of Buckingham at Stowe, and then to the Earl of Ash- 
burnham, who sold it in 1883 to the Trustees of the British Museum. 

Mr. Astle was a Fellow of the Royal Society and of the Society of 
Antiquaries. 

54 



Matthew Aylmei 




AYLMER, MATTHEW, ist BARON AYLMER 

Arms. — Arg., a cross sa., between four Cornish 
Choughs of the second. Aylmer, 
Coronet, — That of a Baron. 
Motto, — Steady. 

[Burnet. History of the Reformation, London, 1681.] 

Matthew Aylmer (born 1660 (?), died i8th August 1720) was a 
sailor who took part in the Battle of La Hogue. He subsequently 
became Rear-Admiral of Great Britain and Governor of Chelsea Hospital. 
In 1 7 18 he was created Baron Aylmer of Balrath in Meath. 



SS 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




BACON, FRANCIS, BARON VERULAM AND 
VISCOUNT ST. ALBANS 

Crest, — A boar passant erm., armed and hoofed 
or, a crescent for difference. Bacon, 

[Bacon. Novum Organum, Londini, 1620.] 
[University Library, Cambridge.] 

Francis Bacon (born 22ncl January 1561, died 9th April 1626) was 
a son of Sir Nicolas Bacon, Lord Keeper of the Seals to Queen Elizabeth. 
He went to Cambridge at the age of thirteen and studied law. 

In 1595 he was elected Member of Parliament for Middlesex, but 
presently fell upon evil times and, among other troubles, managed to 
offend the Oueen by some of his writings. James I., however, restored 
him to Royal favour. In 161 9 he became Lord Chancellor, and shortly 
afterwards was created Baron Verulam and Viscount St. Albans. Bacon's 
enemies presently prevailed against him again, and his own malpractices 
with regard to various judicial matters gave them the opportunity of 
ruining him. In spite of the king's favour and efforts in his behalf, in 

56 



Francis Bacon 

1 62 1 Bacon was ordered to pay a fine of ^^40,000 for his misdeeds; he 
was adjudged to be incapable of sitting in Parliament or to accept any 
public office under the Crown, neither was he to be permitted to live 
in any place where the Royal Court might be. He was, moreover, con- 
demned to be kept a prisoner in the Tower of London during the king's 
pleasure. 

In 1625, when Charles I. came to the throne of England, all these 
judgments were reversed and Bacon was rehabilitated, but did not live 
much longer to enjoy his honours. 



57 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




BAGOT, RT. HON. SIR CHARLES, KNIGHT 

Arms. — Erm., two chevrons az. Bagot. 

Crest, — Out of an heraldic coronet, a goat's head ar., 
attired or. 

Helmet, — That of a Knight. 

Decoration. — The collar and badge of a Knight 
Grand Cross (civil) of the Order of the Bath, with the 
motto " Tria juncta in uno." 

Legend. — The Right Honourable Sir Charles 

Bagot. 

[Cary. Memoirs. Edinburgh, 1808.] 

Sir Charles Bagot (born 23rd September 1781, died 19th May 1843) 
was the second son of William, first Baron Bagot, who for many years 
represented Stafford in the House of Commons. 

Sir Charles had an important political and diplomatic career ; he was a 
Privy Councillor and a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath. 
In 1807 he was Under-Secretary of State for Foreign affairs, and acted 
as Minister Plenipotentiary both to France and to the United States of 
America. 

In 1 841 Sir Charles Bagot was governor of Canada, and at different times 
he held the posts of Ambassador to Russia, the Netherlands, and to Austria. 

58 



William Bateman 




BATEMAN, WILLIAM, VISCOUNT BATEMAN 

Arms. — On a fess sa., between three muscovy ducks 
ppr., a rose of the field. Bateman, All within a fillet 
bearing the legend " Tria juncta in uno," being the 
motto of the Order of the Bath ; dependent from the fillet 
is the badge of the same Order. 

Coronet, — That of a Viscount. 

Supporters, — Two lions rampant reguardant ppr., 
collared and chained or. 

Motto, NeC PRECE NEC PRETIO. 

[MoNDONviLLE. Sonates?\^ 

William Bateman (born circ. 1680, died December 1744) was the son 
of Sir James Bateman, Lord Mayor of London in 17 17. 

Mr. Bateman was twice Member of Parliament for Leominster, 
and in 1725 was created Viscount Bateman in the Peerage of Ireland. 
In 1 73 1 he was made a Knight of the Order of the Bath. 

59 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




BAYNTUN, WILLIAM 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Sa., a bend lozengy arg. Bayntun, 
Sinister : Gu., a fess dancetty between three cross 
crosslets fitchee or. Gore, 

Crest. — A griffin's head erased sa., beaked or. 

Legend. — Sigil gul Bayntun. 

[England. Statuta in Parlameto^ etc. London, 1504.] 

Probably the arms of William Bayntun, who was Consul-General at 
Algiers in the latter half of the eighteenth century. His son Henry 
became an Admiral and a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath 
in 1839. 

60 



James Beaton 




BEATON, JAMES, ARCHBISHOP OF 
GLASGOW 

Arms, — On a Bishop's cross. Quarterly, first and 

fourth, arg., a fess between three mascles or ; second and 

third arg., a chevron sa., charged with an otter's head 

erased of the first. Beaton. At the base of the shield, 

the fish of Glasgow holding a ring in its mouth. 

Motto. — Ferendvm vt vincas. 

6i 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Legend, — Iacobvs a betovn archiepiscopvs 

GLASGVENSIS I 576. 

[Hours of the Diocese of Salisbury, 1526.] 

James Beaton (born 1517, died 1603) was a son of John Beaton of Balfour, 
Fife. He was a man of high character and much esteemed both in Scotland 
and in France, where circumstances caused him to spend a considerable 
portion of his life. Beaton acted as Ambassador from Scotland at the French 
Court, and lived in Paris at the Scots College, an Institution of which he 
was very proud, and to which he bequeathed the greater part of his fortune. 

Beaton also took a leading part in the politics of his time, and was a 
staunch friend to Mary Queen of Scots. In 1552 he was, in Paris, con- 
secrated Archbishop of Glasgow, and he also held several important 
ecclesiastical preferments in France. 



62 



Henry Bennet, Earl of Arlington 




BENNET, HENRY, EARL OF ARLINGTON 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Gu., a bezant between 
three demi lions rampant arg. Bennet, 
Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

[Hist, del Ministerio del Card. Guilio Mazarine, 
Colonia, 1669.] 

Henry Bennet (born 1618, died 20th July 1685) was the second son of 
Sir John Bennet of Dawley in Middlesex. He was an excellent scholar 
and Hnguist, and a skilled diplomatist, especially in foreign affairs, but his 
standard of political morality does not appear to have been a very high one. 

Bennet was a favourite of Charles H. for a long time, and the king 
honoured him highly. He was made Keeper of the Privy Purse, and 

63 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Secretary of State in 1662 ; next year he was created Baron Arlington. 
In 1672 he was made a Knight of the Garter and Earl of Arlington, in 
1674 Lord Chamberlain of the Household, and in 1675 a Lord of the 
Admiralty. 

Arlington was a member of the Cabal Ministry; in 1674 he was 
impeached for his promotion of popery, breach of trust, and other misdeeds, 
but the vote of censure was lost. In 1674 he sold his secretaryship to 
Sir Joseph Williamson, and retired, more or less in disgrace, to his estate 
at Euston in Suffolk, where he had built a splendid house. Here he died 
in 1685. 



64 



Robert Berkele 



y 




BERKELEY, ROBERT 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; gu., a chevron between 10 cinque- 
foils ar. Berkeley, 
2nd and 3rd ; gu., a lion rampant arg., ducally 
crowned or. Hay ward. 
Crest, — A bear's head couped arg., muzzled gu. 
Helmet. — That of an Esquire. 

[PoLANo. The Historie of the Council of Trent, 
London, 1620.] 

Robert Berkeley (born 171 3, died 20th December 1804) was a son 
of Thomas Berkeley of Spetchley in Worcestershire. He wrote several 
anonymous treatises, both political and theological, on questions of his time. 
He married three times but left no issue. Thomas Phillips wrote his Life 
of Cardinal Pole while he was chaplain at Spetchley. 

6s F 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




BLUNDELL, HENRY 

Crest. — A squirrel sejant gu., collared and holding a 
nut or. BlundelL 

Motto, — Age quod agis. 
Initials,— W. B. (Henry Blundell). 

\Engravings and etchings of the Principal Statues^ etc,,, in the 
collection of Henry Blundell^ Esq,^ at Nice, 1809.] 

Henry Blundell (born 1723, died 18 10), of Nice-Blundell in Lancashire, 
was the son of Robert Blundell of Nice. He was a noted collector of 
works of art and an antiquary of some repute. His contributions to 
literature are accounts of his own collections, and are illustrated with fine 
engravings. 

Blundell was a friend of the antiquary and collector Charles Towneley 
of Towneley Hall, also in Lancashire, and it is probable that his archaeo- 
logical tastes were largely fostered by this friendship. Towneley certainly 
suggested the production of Blundell's catalogues. 

66 



Sir Brooke Boothby 




BOOTHBY, SIR BROOKE, BART. 

Arms, — Ar., on a canton sa., a lion's gamb erased 
erect or. Boothby, In the centre of the shield an 
inescutcheon arg., bearing the Ulster hand gu. 

Crest. — A lion's gamb erased erect or. 

Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

[Williams. Antichrist. London, 1660.] 



67 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Crest. — A lion's gamb erased erect or. On an 
escutcheon arg., pendent from a branch, the Ulster 
hand gu., the badge of a Baronet. 

[Campanella. a discourse touch wg the Spanish Monarchy, 

London.] 

Sir Brooke Boothby, 7th Baronet (born 1743, died 1824), was the eldest 
son of Sir Brooke Boothby, 6th Baronet, of Ashbourne Hall, Derbyshire. 

Sir Brooke was the author of several political treatises and miscellaneous 
works, many of which are in verse. He belonged to the literary circles 
of his time, and spent some time in France, where he is said to have enjoyed 
the friendship of Rousseau. 



68 



Hugh Boscawen 




BOSCAWEN, HUGH, VISCOUNT FALMOUTH 

Arms, — Erm., a rose gu., barbed and seeded ppr. 
Boscawen. 

[Settle. Rebellion display d, London, 171 5.] 



Hugh Boscawen of Tregothnen, Cornwall (born 1680 (?), died 25th 
October 1734), was a noted whig politician. He represented successively, 

69 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Tregony, Cornwall, Truro, and Penryn, following in the footsteps of his 
father, Edward Boscawen, who had also been a member of Parliament for a 
long time. 

In 1720 Boscawen was created Viscount Falmouth, and he held the 
appointments of Comptroller of the Household, Vice-Treasurer of Ireland, 
and Warden of the Stanneries, besides others of lesser note. He was also 
a member of the Privy Council. 



70 



Rachel Bourchier 




BOURCHIER, RACHEL, COUNTESS OF 

BATH 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Arg., a cross engrailed gu., between 

four water bougets sa. Bourchier, 
Sinister : Arg., three dexter gauntlets, backs 

afFrontees or. Fane, 

71 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 

Coronet, — That of an Earl. 
Mottoes. — Bon temps viendra. 
Ne vile fano. 

NON EST MORTALE QVOD OPTO. 

Semper eadem. 
Legend. — Ex dono rachael comitiss^ bathon 

DOTARE AN. DOM. MPCLXX. 

\Symbolarum in Matthaeum Tom. /., etc, Tolosae, 1646.] 

Rachael Fane (born 161 3, died nth November 1680) was the daughter 
of Francis Fane, first Earl of Westmorland. In 1638 she married (i) 
Henry Bourchier, 6th Earl of Bath, and (2) Lionel Cranfield, 3rd Earl 
of Middlesex, retaining, however, her precedency as Countess of Bath by- 
Royal Warrant. 

The earliest English lady's armorial book-plate belonged to Lady 
Bath, and was similar to the book-stamp illustrated herewith. 



72 



Sir Orlando Bridgman 




BRIDGMAN, SIR ORLANDO, BART. 

Arms, — Sa., ten plates, four, three, two, and one ; on 
a chief arg., a lion passant erm. Bridgman, 

Crest, — A demi lion rampant arg., holding between 
the paws a garland of laurel ppr. 

[Lauri. Antiquae urbis Splendor, Romae, 1612.] 

Sir Orlando Bridgman (born 1606 (?), died 1674) was a distinguished 
lawyer and legal author. He was the son of John Bridgman, Bishop of 
Chester, and a Fellow of Magdalene College, Cambridge. 

In 1640 Bridgman was elected Member of Parliament for Wigan and 
was Knighted. By submitting to Cromwell he escaped the penalties of 
being a Royalist, and made himself of much importance as a lawyer during 
the Commonwealth. At the Restoration Sir Orlando was received into 
Royal favour in consideration of his former loyalty, and was given a 
Baronetcy and made Chief Baron of the Exchequer. In 1660 he was 
made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and in 1667 Lord Keeper of 
the Great Seal. On occasions he acted as Speaker in the House of Lords. 
Towards the end of his life he fell into some sort of disfavour, and lived 
in retirement at Teddington. 

73 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




BROWNLOW, JOHN, VISCOUNT TYRCONNEL 

Arms. — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; or, an inescutcheon within an 
orle of martlets sa. Brownlow, 

2nd and 3rd ; arg., a lion rampant az. Masoti. 
Crest, — On a chapeau gules, turned up with ermine, a 
greyhound passant or, collared of the first. 
Supporters, — Two talbots ppr., collared gu. 
Coronet, — That of a Viscount. 
Helmet, — That of a Peer. 
Motto, — Esse quam videre. 



[Savage. The Wanderer, London, 1729.] 

[Edward Almack, Esq., F.S.A., Brighton.] 

74 



John Brownlow 



Sir John Brownlow (born 1692 (?), died 27th February 1754) was the 
eldest son of Sir William Brownlow of Belton in Lincolnshire. He was 
Member of Parliament for Grantham and for Lincolnshire, and in 17 18 
was created Viscount Tyrconnel. In 1725 he was made a Knight of the 
Order of the Bath. Lord Tyrconnel died at his country seat of Belton, 
and left no heir. 



IS 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




'^^*, 

'^(Y^^ 




BRUDENELL OF STANTON WYVILE 

Crest. — A dexter arm embowed, covered with leaves 
vert, grasping a spiked club, in bend sinister or, slung to 
the arm with a chain of the last. Brudenell, 

[Le Mire. Geographia Ecclesiastica. Lugd., 1620.] 

Books bearing this crest probably belonged to a member of the family 
of Brudenell, of Stanton VVyvile in Leicestershire. 



76 



Bullingham 




BULLINGHAM 

Arms. — Az., an eagle displayed arg., in the beak 
a sprig vert, on a chief or, a rose between two crosses 
crosslet gu. Bullingham, 

\Jiardwick Papers^ Vol. 766.] 

The book belonged to a member of the Lincolnshire family of 
Bullingham, in the seventeenth century. 



77 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




BURRELL, SIR WILLIAM, BART. 

Arms, — Vert, 3 shields arg., 2 and i, each charged 
with a bordure engrailed or. In the chief point on an 
escutcheon arg., the Ulster hand gu. 

Crest, — A naked arm embowed holding a branch of 
laurel, all ppr. 

Motto, SvB LIBERTATE QVIETEM. 

[CoLLiNSON. The History and Antiquities of the 
County of Summerset, Bath, 179 1.] 

William Burrell (born loth October 1732, died 20th January 1796) 
was the son of Peter Burrell of Beckenham, Kent, and was educated at 
St. John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated LL.D. 

In 1789 Burrell succeeded, by special remainder, to the Baronetcy of 
his father-in-law. Sir Charles Raymond. Sir William Burrell was 

78 



Sir William Burrell 

Member of Parliament for Haslemere ; a Commissioner of Excise ; 
a Fellow of the Royal Society and of the Society of Antiquaries. 
He was especially interested in the antiquities of Sussex, both architectural 
and genealogical. He made a large collection of prints, drawings, and 
manuscripts relating to Sussex, which he bequeathed to the British 
Museum, and which are now in the Department of Manuscripts. 
He died at Deepdene in Surrey. 



79 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




BYNG 

Crest, — An heraldic antelope statant erm., armed, 
crined, and unguled or. Byng, 

[Rhodes. Book of Nurture, 1577-] 

Mr. Byng's Library, largely composed of Shakespeare literature, was 
mostly bound in a straight-grain green morocco. He was probably a 
member of the family of the Earl of Strafford. 



80 



Hugh Campbell 




CAMPBELL, HUGH, THIRD EARL OF 
LOUDOUN 

Arms. — Gyronny of eight, erm. and gu. Campbell 

of Auchmannoch. 

Crest, — A double-headed eagle, on the dexter side 

a sun in glory ppr. 

8i G 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Coronet, — That of an Earl. 
Helmet, — That of a Peer. 

Motto. — Nemo me impvne lacessit, being the motto 
of the Order of the Thistle. 

[Settle. Irene Triumphaus, London, 171 3.] 

Hugh Campbell (born c. 1666, died 20th November 1731) was the 
eldest son of James, 2nd Earl of Loudoun. He succeeded to the title in 
1684. Lord Loudoun held several important official posts in Scotland ; he 
was a Lord of Session, a member of the Scottish Privy Council, and a 
Commissioner of the Treasury. In 1704 he was a joint Secretary of State 
for Scotland, and a Commissioner for the Union. In 1707 Lord Loudoun 
was made a Knight of the Order of the Thistle, and shortly afterwards 
Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland and a member of the English Privy 
Council. 

Lord Loudoun fought at SherifFmuir in 1 715. He was one of the 
Scottish representative peers in the House of Lords, and Lord Lieutenant 
of Ayrshire. The Earldom of Loudoun descends through the female line 
and has consequently belonged to various families ; it has been held by 
representatives, among others, of the famiHes of Rawdon, Campbell, and 
Hastings. 



82 



John Frederick Campbell 




CAMPBELL, JOHN FREDERICK, EARL 

CAWDOR 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Quarterly. 

1. Or, a hart's head caboshed sa., attired gu. 

Calder, 

2. Gyronny of eight, or and sa. Campbell. 

3. Arg., a lymphad sa. Lorn, 

4. Per fess, az. and gu., a cross or. Lort, 
Sinister : Quarterly. 

1 and 4. Barry of 10, or and sa. Botevile, 

2 and 3. Arg., a lion rampant, tail nowed and 
erected gu. Tliynne, 

Crest, — A swan ppr., crowned or. 

83 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Coronet. — That of a Baron. 
Helmet, — That of a Peer. 

Supporters, — Dexter, a lion rampant guardant gu. 
Sinister, a hart ppr. 

Motto, — Be mindfull. 

[Caxton. Chronicles of England, Westminster, 1482.] 

John Frederick Campbell (born 8th November 1 790, died 7th November 
i860) was the eldest son of John Campbell of Stackpole Court, Pembroke- 
shire, first Baron Caw^dor. In 1821 John Frederick succeeded to his 
father's Barony, and in 1816 he married Elizabeth Thynne, daughter of 
the Marquis of Bath. In 1827 ^^ was created Earl Cavi^dor of Castle- 
martin. He vi^as a Fellou^ of the Royal Society, and Lord Lieutenant of 
Carmarthen. 

The coat-of-arms of Calder, which is given the place of honour in 
Lord Cawdor's coat, is borne by right of Muriel, heiress of John Calder, 
or Cawdor, of Nairn. She married Sir John Campbell, son of Archibald, 
Earl of Argyll, about 1510, and was the ancestress of the present family. 



84 



William Capell^ Earl of Essex 




CAPELL, WILLIAM, EARL OF ESSEX 

Arms, — Gu., a lion rampant between 3 crosses crosslet 
fitchee or. CapelL 

Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

Supporters, — Two lions rampant arg., ducally crowned 

Motto, — Fide et fortitudine. 

[Basnage. History of the yews, London, 1708.] 

William Capell (born 1697, died 17th January 1742) was the son of 
Algernon, Earl of Essex, and succeeded his father in the Earldom in 1710. 

Lord Essex held several important offices, among them those of 
Keeper of Hyde Park, Ambassador to Sardinia in 1735, Captain of the 
Yeomen of the Guard, Ranger of St. James's Park, and Lord Lieutenant 
of Hertfordshire. In 1725 he was made a Knight of the Order of the 
Thistle, and in 1738 a Knight of the Garter. 

85 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 






CAREW, GEORGE, EARL OF TOTNESS 
Arms. — Or, 3 lioncels passant sa. Carew. 
[Prateolus. Elenchus Haereticorum, Coloniae, 1605.] 

George Carew (born 29th May 1555, died 22nd March 1629) ^^^ the 
son of George Carew, Dean of Windsor, and educated at Oxford. In 
1583 he was Sheriff of Carlow in Ireland, and was Knighted in 1585. 
Sir George Carew held several important military appointments in Ireland, 
and became Master of the Ordnance and commander of expeditions to Cadiz 
and other places, and in 1598 he was Ambassador to France. In 1600 he 
was President of Munster, and shortly afterwards Vice- Chamberlain to 
Anne, Queen Consort, and Member of Parliament for Hastings. 

In 1605 he was created Baron Carew, and he became Master of the 
Ordnance in England and Governor of Guernsey, and in 1625 ^^ was 

86 



George Carew, Earl of Totness 

created Earl of Totness, and afterwards became Treasurer- General to 
Queen Henrietta Maria. 

Lord Totness was an excellent antiquary and a friend of Sir Robert 
Cotton. He collected manuscripts, especially those concerning Ireland, and 
his collections are now scattered, but are chiefly to be found in the British 
Museum, at Lambeth, in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, at Hatfield, or in 
the State Paper Office. 



87 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CARTERET, GEORGE, BARON CARTERET 

Arms, — Gu., four fusils in fess arg., with the Ulster 
hand gu., in an escutcheon arg., in the dexter chief. 
Carteret. 

Crest, — On a mount vert, a squirrel sejant, cracking a 
nut ppr. 

Helmet. — That of a Peer, but wrongly shown, as it 
should be in three-quarters position. 

Supporters. — Two winged stags. 

Motto. — Loyal devoir. 



[Churchill. Divi Britannia. London, 1675.] 

88 



George Carteret 



George Carteret (born 1669, died 1695) was the grandson of Sir George 
Carteret, Governor of Jersey, who had been created a Baronet by Charles I. 
in 1645. ^^ i^^i Sir George was created Baron Carteret of Hawnes, 
and married Grace, daughter of John Granville, Earl of Bath, in 1674. 
In 1 7 14 she was created Countess Granville, and at her death her son 
John succeeded to the Earldom. 



89 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CARTERET, JOHN, SECOND BARON CAR- 
TERET— AFTERWARDS SECOND EARL 
GRANVILLE. 

Arms, — Gu., four fusils in fess arg. Carteret, 
Crest, — On a mount vert, a squirrel sejant, crack- 
ing a nut ppr. 

Coronet, — That of a Baron. 
Supporters, — Two winged stags. 
Motto, — Loyal devoir. 

[Thucydides. De Bello Peloponnesiaco, Oxonii, 1696.] 

[Sir William Worsley, Bart., Hovingham Hall, York.] 

90 



John Carteret 



John Carteret (born I2th April 1690, died 2nd January 1763) succeeded 
his father as second Baron Carteret in 1695, and in 1744 became Earl 
Granville on the death of his mother, Countess Granville, whose Earldom 
was created January i, 17 14. Lord Granville was a Lord of the Bed- 
chamber to George L, and in 17 16 Lord Lieutenant and Curtos 
Rotulorum of Devonshire. In 17 19 he was Ambassador to Sweden. 

In 1 721 Lord Granville was Secretary of State, and three years later 
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He was also a Knight of the Garter. In 
1 710 he married Frances, daughter of Sir Robert Worsley, Bart., of 
Appledurcombe, in the Isle of Wight. 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



CATHERINE OF ARAGON, QUEEN CONSORT 
OF HENRY VIII. 

Arms. — Impaled. 

Dexter : Quarterly. 

I St and 4th, France. 
92 



Catherine of Araeon 



2nd and 3rd, England. All as used by Henry 
VIII. (q.v.). 
Sinister : Quartered. 

I St and 4th grand quarters, quarterly. 

1 and 4. Gu., a castle or. Castile, 

2 and 3. Arg., a lion rampant gu. Leon. 
2nd and 3rd grand quarters, per pale. 

Dexter : Or, paly of 4 gu. Aragon. 
Sinister : Per saltire arg., 2 eagles displayed 
sa. and or, paly of 4 gu. Sicily. 
In the base point, arg., a pomegranate or. 
Grenada. 
Ensigned with a Royal Crown and supported by two 
angels. 

[HoLKOT. Opus r ever a insignissimum in lihrum Sapietie 
Salomonis editum. Parisius, 151 8.] 

Catherine of Aragon (born 15th December 1485, died 6th January 
1536) was the youngest daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, and in 
1501 she married Arthur, Prince of Wales, who died in 1502. 

In 1509, Catherine married Henry VIII., and they had several children, 
of whom only Mary, afterwards Queen, survived her infancy. Henry 
VIII. divorced Queen Catherine in 1533, on the plea that the marriage 
was illegal as she was his brother's widow, and in the same year he married 
Anne Bullen, who was one of the Queen's Maids of Honour. 

Queen Catherine died at Kimbolton Castle, Huntingdonshire, in 1536, 
and was buried at Peterborough. A few of her books came with the old 
Royal Library to the British Museum in 1757. She was fond of Hterature 
and a patron to learning of all sorts, and a friend of Erasmus. She 
appointed Ludovicus Vives, a well-known Spanish savant and author, to 
be tutor to her daughter Mary. 

93 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CATHERINE OF BRAGANZA, 
QUEEN CONSORT OF CHARLES H. 

Arms, — Arg., 5 shields az., i, 3, and i, each charged 
with 5 plates, 2, i, and 2 ; a bordure of Castile, gu., 7 
towers or, 3, 2, and 2. Portugal, 

Crown, — The Royal Crown of England. 

\yesus Maria "Joseph ; or^ The devout Pilgrim of the Virgin 
Mary, Amsterdam, 1663.] 

[Edward Almack, Esq., F.S.A., Brighton.] 

94 



Catherine of Braganza 

Catherine of Braganza (born 15th November 1638, died 31st December 
1705) was the daughter of John, Duke of Braganza, who in 1640 became 
Juan IV., King of Portugal. In 1662 the Princess Catherine married 
Charles II., King of England, and as part of her very large dowry, the 
King received Tangier, commanding the Straits of Gibraltar, and Bombay. 

After Charles's death Queen Catherine retired to Portugal, where in 
1704-5 she acted ably as Regent for her brother, Pedro II. 



95 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CAVENDISH, WILLIAM GEORGE SPENCER 
SIXTH DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE 

Arms, — Sa., 3 bucks* heads, caboshed arg. Cavendish. 
Crest, — A serpent nowed ppr. 
Coronet, — That of a Duke. 
Supporters, — Two bucks ppr. 
Motto, — Cavendo tutus. 



[Theocritus. A. ^a\KOvhvkov ipforrj/iaTa avvoirTiKa Tcov 6kt(o 
Tov \6yov fiepcov fiera tlvcdv '^pria-iicov Kavov(ov. Milan, 1493*] 

William George Spencer Cavendish (born 21st May 1790, died 17th 
January 1858) was the son of William, fifth Duke of Devonshire, and 
succeeded to the family honours in 181 1. 

The Library at Chatsworth was already one of much importance, but 
the sixth Duke of Devonshire added to it so extensively that he is generally 

96 



William George Spencer Cavendish 

considered as its founder. He purchased rare books at all the great sales of 
his time, and removed the books which had accumulated at his other 
residences to Chatsworth. His collection has been further added to by 
successive ow^ners. 

The Duke vv'as a Knight of the Garter, a Member of the Privy Council, 
Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Derbyshire, and High Steward 
of Derby. In 1821 he carried the orb at the Coronation of George IV. 
In 1826 he was Ambassador Extraordinary to Russia, and twice held the 
office of Lord Chamberlain of the Household. At the Coronation of 
Queen Victoria His Grace carried the Sword " Curtana," the square- 
tipped Sword of Mercy. 



97 



H 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CECIL, WILLIAM, FIRST BARON 
BURGHLEY 

Arms. — Quartered. 

I and 6. Barry of lo, arg. and az. ; over all six 
escutcheons sa., 3, 2, and i, each charged 
with a lion rampant of the first. Cecil, 

2. Per pale, gu. and az. a lion rampant arg., 

supporting a tree eradicated vert. Wynstone, 

3. Sa., a plate between 3 castles arg. Etchington, 

4. Gu., on a bend cotised arg., 3 cinquefoils sa. 

Berondon, 

98 



William Cecil 

5. Arg., a chevron erm., between 3 chess-rooks. 
Pinchbeck, 
Crest, — Six arrows in saltire or, barbed and 
feathered arg., girt together with a belt gu., buckled 
and garnished or, over the arrows a morion cap ppr. 
Helmet, — That of a Peer. 
Supporters, — Two lions rampant erm. 
Motto, — Cor . vnv • via • vna. 

[Hebrew Bible. Antverpiae, 1582.] 



99 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety, — Within the Garter, the crest is shown 
without the morion cap, and the two Supporters are 
moved up from the side of the shield, the usual place 
for Supporters, and used as Supporters for the crest. 

[Ariosto. Orlando Furioso in English Heroical Verse, 
by John Harington. London, 1591.] 

William Cecil (born 13th September 1520, died 4th August 1598) was 
the son of Richard Cecil, Master of the Robes to Henry VIII. He was 

100 



William Cecil 

educated at Cambridge, and soon showed a remarkable ability. After 
Cambridge Cecil went to Gray's Inn and studied Law, and presently 
came under the personal notice of Henry VIII., who at once took a strong 
liking to him. At Court Cecil rapidly gained place and power, and 
under the Protector Somerset he became Secretary of State. He steered 
his way with some difficulty through the troubles accruing through the 
claim of Lady Jane Grey to the throne, but managed to escape serious 
misfortune, and was elected Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire. 

At this time he also made himself useful to the Princess Elizabeth, 
then holding a difficult political position, and when she became Queen 
in 1558 she at once made Cecil a member of her Privy Council and 
Secretary of State. In 1 563 he was Speaker of the House of Commons. 
Although not on friendly terms with the Earl of Leicester, and in a 
position which gave cause to much envy, Cecil was able to retain 
the confidence of Queen Elizabeth, who, in 1571, created him Baron 
Burghley, and shortly afterwards a Knight of the Garter. 

Lord Burghley seems to have had a considerable library, and most of 
his books have upon them one or other of his beautiful stamps, sometimes 
in gold and sometimes in blind. 



101 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CHALLESTON, FAMILY OF 

Arms. — Arg., a chevron vaire between 3 eagles 
displayed vert. Challeston, 

Crest, — A demi eagle vert, wings displayed vaire. 
Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

[Stow. Survey of London, 161 8.] 

The family of Challeston does not appear to have distinguished itself 
in any of the ordinary ways, but the arms are described in Burke's General 
Jrmoryy and also in Papworth*s Dictionary of Coat s-of- Arms. 

102 



Charles I 




CHARLES I., KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, 
FRANCE, AND IRELAND 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

I St and 4th grand quarters; France and England 

quarterly. 
2nd grand quarter ; Scotland. 
3rd grand quarter ; Ireland. All as used by 

James I. (q.v.). 

103 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Crest. — A Royal Crown ppr., thereon a lion statant 
guardant or, crowned ppr. 

Helmet. — Royal. 

Supporters, — A lion and a unicorn, as used by 
James I. (q.v.). 

Motto. DiEV ET MON DROIT. 

[Cespedes y Meneses. Historia de Don Felipe III.^ Rey 
de las Espanas. Barcelona, 1634.] 

Prince Charles (born 29th November 1600, died 30th January 1649) 
was the second son of James I., and on the death of his brother Henry 
became heir to the Crown. He was created Prince of Wales on 3rd 
November 161 6, and while holding this rank he often used some of his 
brother's book-stamps, differentiating them, however, by the addition of his 
initials "C. P.," and also by the substitution of gold for silver in places 
where the latter metal had been used by Prince Henry, as, for instance, in 
the case of the label of the eldest son and the feathers in the Prince of 
Wales* plumes. 

As Prince, Charles had a few small books bound for him in red 
leather, the first instance of its use for English Royal bindings, and 
towards the end of his reign again he had several fine bindings made for 
him in the fine red morocco which was so largely used by Samuel Mearne 
for Charles II. Whether Charles I.'s red bindings were made by Mearne 
is doubtful, but it is possible that they were. They are quite plain except 
for the fine coat-of-arms in the centre, and for delicate gold tooling, of 
Mearne style, in the panels of the back. Charles I. was a patron of the 
Arts and a man of cultured and literary tastes. The style of binding 
that is generally associated with his name is of a better order than the 
semis and heavy corners which marked the bindings made for James I. 

Many of James I.'s stamps were, however, used by King Charles I., and 
in a majority of cases it is only by the date of the printing of the book 
that it is possible to say to which king the volume belonged. There is a 
tendency for the corner-pieces to become less, and also a tendency to 
substitute a more distinguished manner with regard to small gold toolings 
than that of the formal symmetrical repetition so prevalent in the previous 
reign. 

104 



Charles II. 




CHARLES II., KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, 
FRANCE, AND IRELAND 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

1st and 4th grand quarters ; France and England 

quarterly. 
2nd grand quarter ; Scotland. 
3rd grand quarter ; Ireland. All as used by 

James I. (q.v.). 

105 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Crest. — A Royal Crown ppr., thereon a lion statant 
guardant or, crowned ppr. 

Helmet, — Royal. 

Supporters. — A lion and a unicorn, as used by 
James I. (q.v.). 

Motto, DiEV ET MON DROIT. 

Initials. — C. R. (Carolus Rex). 

[Reynold's Works., 1658.] 




Variety, — Without Supporters. 

[^Common Prayer. London, 1660.] 



106 



Charles II. 




Variety. — Within the Garter and without Supporters. 
\Paraphrasis in Psalmos Davidis, Salmurii, 1662.] 



107 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




The Royal name and title abbreviated. " Car. 
Rex" (Carolus Rex) ensigned with a Royal Crown, 
and with the motto " Diev et mon droit." 

[Sanderson. Complete History of the Life and Raigne 
of King Charles, London, 1658.] 



T08 



Charles II 




Crowned initials " C.C." adosses, within palm 
branches, commonly found on books bound for 
Charles II. by Samuel Mearne, the Royal Bookbinder. 

[Cranzius. Vandaliae and Saxoniae Alherti Cranzii 
Continuatto, Wittebergae, 1586.] 

Charles II. (born May 1630, died 6th February 1685) was the 
elder son of Charles I. In 1660 Charles ascended the throne of 
England, although his accession is sometimes counted from the date of 
the death of Charles I., 30th January 1649. In Scotland it is always 
so dated. 

Samuel Mearne was appointed Royal Bookbinder to Charles II. in 
June 1660, and he bound the greater number of the King's books in a 
beautiful red morocco. On most of these bindings the King's initials 
within a palm spray appear, and sometimes the edges of the leaves of 
the books have designs painted upon them, only showing when the book 
is open. Charles II. also used several of the book-stamps that had been 
made for Charles I. 

Mearne was one of the greatest bookbinders of any time, and apart 
from the splendid work he did for Charles II., he executed numbers of 
other bindings, many of which are inlaid and have the leather stained 
and painted. He invented what is known as the " Cottage " design, 
and his style and detail is often copied even at the present time. 



109 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CHARLOTTE OF MECKLENBURG, QUEEN 
CONSORT OF GEORGE IIL 

Arms, — On two separate shields, side by side. 
Dexter shield : Quarterly. 

ist and 4th, France and England, quarterly. 
2nd, Scotland. 

3rd, Ireland. All as used by James L (q.v.). 
Sinister shield, the arms of Charlotte of Mecklen- 
burg. Quartered. 
I. Arg., a bull's head in pale sa. (crowned 

gu.), armed and ringed arg. Mecklenburg, 
no 



Queen Charlotte 

2. Az., a grifRn segreant or. Wenden, 

3. Vert, in chief az., a griffin segreant or. 

Principality of Schwerin. 

4. Gu., a cross pat tee arg. Ratzeburg, 

5. Gu., an arm armoured ppr., holding a ring 

or, issuing from a cloud. County of 
Schwerin, 

6. Or, a bull's head sa., in bend sinister (crowned 

gu.), armed and ringed arg. Rostock. 

Over all, on an escutcheon of pretence, the arms of 
Stargard^ per fess, gu. and or. 

The two shields are ensigned with the Royal Crown 
of England. 

This stamp is probably of foreign design, as it will 
be noted that the Royal coat-of-arms of England is as 
that used by Queen Anne before 1706, and not that 
used by George III., for whom it is intended. 

[Ceffalonie. Monument eleve a la gloire de Pierre-le- 
Grand, Paris, 1777.] 

Charlotte Sophia (born i6th May 1744, died 17th November 
1818) was the youngest daughter of Charles Louis, Grand Duke of 
Mecklenburg-StreHtz. 

In 1 761 the Princess married George III., King of England, and 
her married life was uneventful. As Queen she devoted herself entirely 
to domestic matters. 



Ill 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CHETWYND, WALTER 



Arms, — Quartered. 

1. Az., a chevron between 3 mullets or. Chetwynd, 

2. Arg., 2 chevrons az. Bagot, 

3. Quarterly, arg. and az., on a bend gu., 3 fleurs- 

de-lys or. GarshalL 

4. Arg., 3 bars sa. Raymond. 

5. Gu., 10 billets or. Salter, 

6. Sa., 3 fishes naiant in pale or. Verney, 

7. Gu., a lion rampant erm. Meriford, 



112 



Walter Chetwynd 

8. Gu., 5 piles issuing from the sinister. 

Henderson (?). 

9. Sa., 3 pheons arg. Egerton of Shropshire. 
I o. Paly wavy of 6, arg. and gu. Gurnon, 

11. Arg., a chevron between 3 oak leaves vert. 

Haslerigg, 

1 2. Az., a lion rampant or. Hetherfield. 

[Democritus. Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford, 1628.] 

Walter Chetwynd (born circ. 1620, died 1693) ^^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^ Walter 
Chetwynd of Ingestre, in Staffordshire. He was Member of Parliament 
for Stafford, and for Staffordshire, and Sheriff in 1680. 

Chetwynd was a Fellow of the Royal Society, and an Antiquary, 
particularly as concerned the County of Staffordshire. He was a friend 
of Dr. Robert Plot, who wrote The Natural History of Staffordshire 
in 1686, and assisted him in many ways. His collections of drawings 
and manuscripts were nearly all lost in a fire at Ingestre in 1882. 



"3 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CHITTING, HENRY 

Arms, — Quarterly ; arg. and az., on a bend gu., 3 
quatrefoils of the first. Chitting, 

Crest. — A talbot's head erased arg. 
Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

Motto, FiDELITATE ET SAGACITATE. 

Initials. — H. C. (Henry Chitting). 
[^Collection of rolls of the reigns of many kings, Stowe, 601.] 

Henry Chitting (born 1580 (?), died 1638) was a herald and genealogist. 
In 1 61 8 he became Chester Herald, and conducted several of the heraldic 
visitations of English counties. Chitting wrote a valuable work on the 
Extinct Baronage of England^ and others of less general importance. 

114 



George Cholmondeley 




CHOLMONDELEY, GEORGE, THIRD EARL 
CHOLMONDELEY 

Arms, — Gu., in chief 2 helmets in profile arg., and 
in base a garb or. Cholmondeley, 
Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

[Faerni. Fabulae, London, 1743.] 

George Cholmondeley (born 2nd January 1702, died loth June 1770) 
was the son of George, second Earl Cholmondeley, and succeeded his 
father in the Earldom in 1733. He was Member of Parliament for East 
Looe, and afterwards for Windsor, and Governor of Chester Castle. In 
1725 Viscount Malpas, the courtesy title used by George Cholmondeley, 
was made a Knight of the Order of the Bath, and he subsequently held 
the offices of Master of the Robes, Master of the Horse, and was Lord 
Lieutenant of North Wales and of Montgomery. In 1736 he became 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and in 1 743 Lord Privy Seal. He 
held the rank of Lieutenant-General in the army. 



115 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CHURCHILL, GEORGE SPENCER, FIFTH 
DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH 

Arms. — Impaled. 

Dexter : Quarterly. 

1st and 4th sa., a lion rampant arg., on a canton 

of the last a cross gu. Churchill, 

2nd and 3rd quarterly, arg. and gu., in the 

second and third quarters a fret or ; over all 

on a bend sa., 3 escallops of the first. Spencer. 
116 



George Spencer-Churchill 

Sinister : Or, a bend sa. ; over all a lion rampant 
gu. Abernethy{}), 
Coronet, — That of a Duke. 

Motto, FlEL PERO DESDICHADO. 

The whole arms are borne upon an Imperial eagle, 
the heraldic indication of the rank of a Prince of the 
Holy Roman Empire, a dignity given to John Churchill, 
Duke of Marlborough. The eagle is ensigned with a 
closed crown, the circlet of which bears the strawberry 
leaves and pearls of an English Marquis. 

[Ferrarotto. Delia preeminenza delF officio di Stradico 
della nobile citta di Messina, Venetiis, 1593.] 



117 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety. — Used as Marquis of Blandford before 1817. 

Spencer, 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

ist and 4th quarterly, arg. and gu., on the second 

and third quarters a fret or ; over all on a bend 

sa., 3 escallops of the first. Spencer, 

2nd and 3rd sa., a lion rampant arg., on a canton of 

the last a cross gu. Churchill, 
118 



George Spencer-Churchill 

Coronet, — That of a Marquis. 

Motto, DiEU DEFEND LE DROIT. 

The whole arms are borne upon an Imperial eagle 
as before, but in this case the whole is ensigned with a 
Royal orb between the two horns of a crescent arg., 
issuing from a Marquis's coronet. 

[CoLONNA. Discours du Songe de Poliphile, Paris, 1654.] 

George Spencer, afterwards Spencer-Churchill (born 6th March 1766, 
died 5th March 1840), was the son of George, fourth Duke of Marlborough. 
He was educated at Eton and Oxford, and served as Member of Parliament 
for Oxfordshire and for Tregony, and was a Lord of the Treasury. He 
married Susan, daughter of the Earl of Galloway. 

In 181 7, on the death of his father, he succeeded to the Dukedom of 
Marlborough, and in the same year he assumed by Royal Licence the 
surname and arms of Churchill in addition to his patronymic of Spencer. 
This was done in memory of the first Duke of Marlborough, who left no 
male heir, but whose second daughter Anne had married Charles Spencer, 
third Earl of Sunderland, and their son Charles, fifth Earl of Sunderland, 
succeeded his aunt Henrietta, suo jure Duchess of Marlborough, in the 
Dukedom in 1733. While Marquis of Blandford the Duke collected a 
magnificent library at his house. White Knights, near Reading, but 
extravagance in living compelled him to part with it by auction in 18 19. 



119 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



^^oCSioW^ 











COCHRANE, JOHN, FOURTH EARL OF 
DUNDONALD 

Arms. — Impaled. 

Dexter : Arg., a chevron gu., between 3 boars' heads 

erased arg. Cochrane. 
Sinister : Az., 3 mullets arg., within a double tres- 
sure flory counterflory or. Murray. 
Coronet. — That of an Earl. 



[Settle. Virtiite Sacellum. London, 1720.] 

John Cochrane (born 1660 (?), died 5th June 1720) was the second son of 
John, second Earl of Dundonald, and succeeded his brother William in the 
Earldom in 1705. In 1706 he married Anne, daughter of Charles Murray, 
Earl of Dunmore. Lord Dundonald was a Representative Peer of 
Scotland and Colonel of the 4th Regiment of Horse Guards. 

120 



John Cocks, Baron Somers 




COCKS, JOHN, BARON SOMERS 

Crest. — On a mount vert, a stag lodged reguardant 
arg., attired sa., and gorged with a chaplet of laurel leaves 
vert. Cocks, 

Coronet, — That of a Baron. 

\Common Prayer, London, 1669.] 

John Somers Cocks (born 6th May 1760, died circ. 1841) was the son 
of Charles Cocks, Baron Somers, and was educated at Oxford. He was 
successively Member of Parliament for West Looe, for Grampound, and 
for Reigate. In 1806 he succeeded to his father's barony, and in 1 821 
was created Earl Somers. Lord Somers married as his second wife, 
Jane, daughter of his Uncle James, and widow of the Rev. George 
Waddington. 



121 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




COKE, THOMAS, FIRST EARL OF 
LEICESTER 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Per pale, gu. and az., 3 eagles displayed 

or. Coke, 
Sinister : Sa., an eagle displayed erm. Tufton, 
Crest. — On a chapeau az., turned up erm., an ostrich 
arg., holding in its mouth a horseshoe or. 
Helmet. — That of an Esquire. 
Motto, — Prudens qui patiens. 

122 



Thomas Coke 

[Morgues. Diverse s Pieces pour la Defense de la Royne 
Mere du Roy Louys XIII, Paris, 1637.] 

Thomas Coke (born circ. 1699, died 20th April 1759) was the eldest 
son of Edward Coke of Holkham in Norfolk. In 1725 Mr. Coke was 
made a Knight of the Order of the Bath, and in 1728 he was created 
Baron Lovel. In 1733 Lord Lovel was Postmaster-General, and in 1744 
he was given a step in the Peerage and created Viscount Coke and Earl of 
Leicester. In 171 8 Lord Leicester married Lady Mary Tufton, daughter 
of Thomas, Earl of Thanet. He left no heir, but the Earldom of Leicester 
was revived in 1837 in the person of one of his collateral descendants. 



123 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




THE COMMONWEALTH OF ENGLAND 



Arms, — On two separate shields side by side. 

Dexter shield : Arg., a cross gu., being the arms of 

St. George of England. 
Sinister shield : Az., a harp or, stringed arg., being 
the Harp of Ireland. 
Motto, — God with vs. 
Legend, — The Commonwealth of England. 

[Proclamations of the Lord Protector^ G. 5194.] 

The Commonwealth was established in England in 1649, ^^^ Oliver 
Cromwell made Protector. In 1649 Charles, Prince of Wales, was 
crowned King at Scone, and in the next year at Carlisle. In 1658, on the 
death of Cromwell, the people of England felt that the Commonwealth 
had lasted long enough, and in 1660 Charles II. returned among general 
rejoicings. From a bookbinding point of view the period of the 
Commonwealth was one of little interest, but on the Restoration, Samuel 
Mearne raised the standard of Enghsh bookbinding to a very high level. 

124 



Charles Coote 




COOTE, CHARLES 

Arms, — Arg., a chevron between 3 coots sa. Coote, 
Crest, — A coot ppr. 

Motto, ViNCIT VERITAS. 

[BouLAiNviLLiERS. Parliaments of Fra?ice. 
London, 1739.] 

Charles Coote (born circ. 1761, died 19th November 1835) was the 
son of a London bookseller, John Coote, and was educated at St. Paul's 
School and at Oxford, where he distinguished himself by his diligence and 
literary tastes. He took his D.C.L. degree in 1789. Dr. Coote wrote 
several historical works of much importance, and in 1789 he was admitted 
to the College of Advocates, but he never appears to have taken much to 
law. His son H. C. Coote was an author of much note and a high 
authority on the subject of the Romans in Britain. 

125 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




COTTON, SIR ROBERT, BART. 

Arms. — Quartered. 

1. Az., an eagle displayed arg. Cotton, 

2. Sa., a fess dancette between 3 mullets arg. 

Wesenham, 

3. Or, a saltire gu., a chief of the first. Bruce, 

4. Three piles gu., meeting in point. Wishart ; 

over all on an escutcheon or, a lion rampant 
sa., within a double tressure flory counterflory 
of the second. Buchanan, 

5. Or, a lion rampant sa., a chief gu. 

Beauchamp (?). 

6. Az., a cross flory between 4 martlets or. 

King Edward the Confessor, 

[Breviary of the Diocese of Salisbury, Parisiis, 1499.] 

126 



Sir Robert Cotton 




Variety^ with four quarterings only. 

[Papeburg. Comment, Basileae, 1551.] 
[Sir W. Worsley, Hovingham Hall, York.] 

Robert Bruce Cotton (born 22nd January 1570, died 6th May 1631) was 
the eldest son of Thomas Cotton of Connington, Huntingdon. At an early 
age he began to collect manuscripts, especially English ones, and the dis- 
solution of the monasteries in the earlier half of the sixteenth century 
afforded him excellent opportunity of acquiring invaluable examples. So 
valuable was Cotton's collections, much of it containing official documents, 
that twice it was sequestrated by the Government ; some of it, however, 
was restored to him. He was made a Baronet in 161 1, having previously 
received the honour of Knighthood. The part of the collection of 
manuscripts which had been retained by the Government of the day was 
eventually restored to his son Sir Thomas Cotton. 

A grandson of Sir Robert, Sir John Cotton, desired to present the 
collection to the Nation, together with Cotton House, with various con- 
ditions as to name and safe custody, and after tedious negotiations the 

127 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

collection became National property and was deposited in Essex House, 
Strand ; in 1 730 it was moved to Ashburnham House, in Little Dean's 
Yard, Westminster, then the property of the Government, where also the 
old Royal manuscripts were kept. In 173 1 a fire occurred at Ashburnham 
House, and a large number of manuscripts were burnt and many others 
badly injured. The remainder were then stored in a dormitory at West- 
minster School, and here they remained until they were transferred to the 
British Museum in 1757. 

The Cottonian collection of manuscripts is now kept in the Manuscript 
Department at the British Museum ; but there are numbers of printed 
books as well that are widely distributed. A member of the Cotton 
Family is always a Family Trustee of the British Museum. Sir Robert 
Cotton wrote a large number of tracts, mainly political. The Cottonian 
MSS. are curiously arranged under the names of the Roman Emperors. 



128 



William Coventry 



1 


Q(J 


mil 





COVENTRY, WILLIAM, FIFTH EARL 
OF COVENTRY 

Arms, — Sa., a fess erm., between 3 crescents SJf^. (r^, 

Crest, — A garb or, lying fesswise, thereon a cock gu., 

comb, wattles, and legs of the first. 

129 K 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Coronet. — That of an Earl. 
Helmet. — That of a Peer. 

[Settle. Honor i Sace Hum. London, 171 2.] 

William Coventry (born c. 1688, died i8th March 1750) was the son of 
Walter Coventry of London, the lineal representative of Walter Coventry, 
brother of the first Earl of Coventry, in which line, by special limitation, 
the Earldom was allowed to rest. Mr. Coventry was Member of Parlia- 
ment for Bridport, and succeeded to the Earldom of Coventry in 17 19. 
He was Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the county of 
Worcester, a Member of the Privy Council, and Clerk Comptroller of 
the Green Cloth. 



130 



William Covert 







vi^-gtfSJ 






^■am^a %%%% 


F.^ 


vt 


Bdl 


irsi^ 


^tlt#^_l_ 






1 






TTT 




oo<:^ 




^ 





COVERT, WILLIAM 



Arms, — Quartered. 

1. Gu., a fess ermine between 3 martlets or. 

Covert, 

2. Erm., 2 bars and a canton gu. Boyes, 

3. Gu., a fess between 3 lions' heads couped or. 

St, Clair, 

4. Arg., a chevron between 3 garbs gu. Sheffield. 

5. Or, 2 crescents, i and i, gu., a canton 

erm. Symonds, 

131 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

6. Lozengy, arg. and gu., a fess sa. Rockly, 

7. Arg., a cross sa., with 2 crosses crosslet fitchee 

of the last in the upper cantons. Balderstone, 

8. Arg., on a chief gu., 3 lions rampant arg. 

Tonge, 

9. Or, a cross gu. Bourke. 

10. Arg., 5 fusils in bend, gu. Bradeston, 

11. Arg., on a chief gu., 3 crosses pattee fitchee 

of the first. DyalL 

12. Arg., 3 garbs gu. Comyn, 

13. Lozengy, arg. and sa., each lozenge sa., charged 

with a martlet or. Croft [}). 

[Babington's Works, London, 161 5.] 

William Covert of Kent belonged to an old family, members of which 
were settled in Kent, Surrey, and Sussex since the sixteenth century. 

John Covert, a member of the same family, had a command at the 
Siege of Boulogne in 1558. 



132 



William Cowper 




COWPER, WILLIAM, FIRST EARL COWPER 

Arms. — Arg., 3 martlets gu., 2 and i, on a chief 
engrailed of the last, as many annulets or. Cowper. 

Note, — The annulets are wrongly shown on this 
stamp. 

[Settle. Fears and Dangers. London, 1706.] 

William Cowper (born c. 1655, died loth October 1723) was the son 
of Sir William Cowper, Bart., M.P. for Hertford, and succeeded to his 
father's Baronetcy in 1 706. He was educated at St. Albans, and entered 
the Middle Temple in 1681, and became a great lawyer and politician. 
In 1706 he was made Lord Keeper of the Great Seal and created Baron 
Cowper of Wingham. In 1707 he was Lord High Chancellor, and 
in 17 18 was created Earl Cowper. Lord Cowper was a Fellow of the 
Royal Society, a Governor of the Charterhouse, and Lord Lieutenant 
of Hertfordshire. 



^ZZ 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




CRACHERODE, CLAYTON MORDAUNT 

Arms. — Or, a saltire erm., between 4 lions' heads 
erased sa. Cracherode, 

Crest, — A demi boar saliant reguardant or, wounded 
in the shoulder with an arrow ppr., which he holds in 
his mouth. 

Note, — Probably designed and the stamp cut by- 
Roger Payne. 

[Suetonius. Opera, Leovardiae, 171 5.] 

Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode (born 23rd June 1730, died 5th April 
1799) was a son of an officer of Marines, Colonel Mordaunt Cracherode. 

Clayton Cracherode was educated at Westminster and Christchurch, 
Oxford, and was a Fellow of the Royal Society, and of the Society of Anti- 
quaries, and a Trustee of the British Museum. He was ordained shortly 
after leaving Oxford. On the death of his father, Mr, Cracherode became 



Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode 

a rich man, and spent his fortune freely in collecting choice books, 
bindings, drawings, prints, coins, and gems, always getting the finest 
examples procurable. 

Mr. Cracherode was an eccentric and shy recluse ; he hardly ever left 
London, and his life is said to have been embittered by the fact that he 
was liable to act as King's Cup-bearer at a coronation, his manor at Great 
Wymondley being held on that Tenure. The collections made by Mr. 
Cracherode were all bequeathed to the British Museum except two 
books, a Bible left to the Bishop of Durham, and a Homer to Cyril 
Jackson, Dean of Christchurch, but both of these eventually were given 
to the Museum Library. Several of Mr. Cracherode's books were bound 
for him by Roger Payne, one of the greatest English bookbinders. 



^35 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




BERING, SIR EDWARD, BARONET 



Arms, — Or, a saltire sa. Dering, 
Crest, — Out of an heraldic coronet a plume of 9 
ostrich feathers, 4 and 5, arg. 

Legend. — Edoardvs dering miles et baronettvs. 

YFhe Catholike Moderator. London, 1623.] 
136 



Sir Edward Dering 



Edward Dering (born 28th January 1598, died 22nd June 1644) was 
the son of Sir Anthony Dering of Surrenden. He was educated at Cam- 
bridge, and soon became a collector and lover of antiquities. 

In 1 619 Dering received the honour of Knighthood, and in 1627 
became a Baronet. He represented Kent in the House of Commons, and 
interested himself much in religious matters. He eventually got into trouble 
with Parliament about some of his writings, and was imprisoned for a time 
in the Tower. He raised a regiment for the King at the commencement 
of the Civil War, and in consequence he suffered sequestration of his 
estates. He does not appear to have succeeded well as a soldier. Dering 
never recovered from the troubles incident upon his advocacy of the Royalist 
cause, and he died in comparative poverty. He has left several works and 
pamphlets, chiefly poHtical or theological. 



13' 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




D'EWES, SIR SYMONDS, BARONET 



Arms, — Or, 3 quatrefoils pierced gu. D'Ewes. 
Crest, — A wolf's head erased or, about the neck a 
collar vaire. 

[D'EwES. Journals of Parliaments temp, Eliz, 
Harl. MS. 73.] 

Symonds D'Ewes (born i8th December 1602, died 8th April 1650) was 
the son of Paul D'Ewes of Milden in Suffolk. He went to Cambridge, 

138 



Sir Symonds D'Ewes 

and was called to the Bar in 1623. His tastes were always of a literary 
and antiquarian character, and he was a friend of Sir Robert Cotton. In 
1626 he received the honour of Knighthood, and on his father's death in 
1 63 1 he inherited considerable property. 

D'Ewes was High Sheriff of Suffolk and Member of Parliament for 
Sudbury, and in 1641 he became a Baronet. He wrote many valuable 
historical and antiquarian works ; his " Diaries " are now in the British 
Museum, as are several others of his manuscripts, forming part of the 
Harleian Collection. 



139 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




DIGBY, SIR KENELM, KNIGHT 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

1. Az., a fleur-de-lys arg. Digby, 

2. Arg., a chevron between 3 crosses crosslet 

fitchee. Davenport, 

3. Erm., on a bend sa., 3 goats' heads erased 

arg., armed or. Mulsho, 

4. Gu., seme of crosses crosslet arg., 3 leopards' 

heads jessant-de-lys, arg. Neville, 
On an escutcheon of pretence, the arms of Venetia 



Stanley. 



140 



Sir Kenelm Digby 

Quarterly. 

I St and 4th grand quarters arg., on a bend az., 
3 bucks' heads cabossed or, a crescent for 
difference. Stanley, 
2nd grand quarter, quarterly. 

I St and 4th or, a lion rampant az. The Duke 

of Brabant, 
2nd and 3rd gu., 3 lucies hauriant arg. Lucy, 
3rd grand quarter az., 5 fusils conjoined in 
fess or. Percy, 
Crest, — An ostrich arg., with a horseshoe in his 
mouth ppr. 

Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

[Aristotle. Opera, Lut. Parisiorum 161 9.] 



141 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





J^^^MEmM^^ • ry^yMg^ji'^gBfex: 


MM^ 




i>^(y^JjS^r[^ 


^?^ 




^ 


i 


^ 


^ 


r 


1 


! 


1 


i^ 



St'r Kenelm Digby, 



Variety, — Impaled. 
Dexter : Quarterly. 

I St and 4th, Digby. 
2nd and 3rd5 Mulsho. 
Sinister : Quarterly. 
1st and 4th, Stanley. 

2nd and 3rd, The Duke \ Venetta Stanley, 
of Brabant, 



[BoccALiNi. Delli Avvisi di Parnaso. Venetia, 1 6 1 9.] 



142 



Sir Kenelm Digby 




Variety, — Within a vesica. 
Quarterly. 

1. Digby, 3. Mulsho, \ 

\ Sir Kenelm Digby, 

2. Davenport, 4. Neville. ] 

On an escutcheon of pretence. 
Quarterly. 

1. Stanley, 3. Lucy, 

2. The Duke of 4. Percy, ^ Venetia Stanley, 

Brabant, I 

Legend, — Insignia Kenelmi Digby Eqvitis Avrati. 

[Plato. Opera, Paris, 1578.] 



143 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Initials " K.D." for Kenelm Digby, 
and " V." for Venetia, his wife. 

[Aristotle. Opera, 
Lut. Parisiorum, 1619.] 



Kenelm Digby (born nth July 1603, ^^^^ nth June 1665) was the 
elder son of Sir Everard Digby, Knight, and Mary Mulsho, his wife. He 
inherited large estates from his father in spite of the fact that much 
of Sir Everard 's property had been confiscated. Kenelm Digby was 
educated at Oxford, at Gloucester Hall, near Worcester College. He 
travelled much on the Continent, particularly in France and in Spain. In 
1623 he was Knighted by James I. Quite early in life he had fallen in 
love with Venetia, daughter of Sir Edward Stanley, and in 1625 he 
married her. 

In 1627 Digby fitted out and commanded a curious privateering 
expedition, and captured several French, Dutch, Spanish, Flemish, and 
Venetian ships, but his conduct was disavowed by the English government. 
Digby was suspected of popish sympathies and suffered various terms 
of imprisonment in consequence, but in 1643 he was allowed to leave 
England for France, and for a time he made his home in Paris, a town to 
which he had always been very partial, and he appears to have been well 
received by Louis XIV. 

Sir Kenelm Digby wrote a large number of books, religious, philosophical, 
and scientific ; he was a man of much imagination, and took delight in 
inventing quack medicines. He possessed a large library ; many of his 
books were presented to the Bodleian Library at Oxford, others are said 
to have been given to Louis XIV., and others again were scattered. 
On some of the volumes the coat-of-arms of Digby alone occurs, but 
in the majority of cases the coat-of-arms is quartered with various other 
family coats, and has also the coat-of-arms of Venetia Stanley either 
impaled or borne as an escutcheon of pretence. Many of Sir Kenelm's 
books were bound in Paris. 



144 



Robert Dormer 




DORMER, ROBERT, EARL OF CARNARVON 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter: Az., lo billets or, 4, 3, 2, and i, on a 

chief of the second a demi lion rampant issuant 

sa. Dormer, 
Sinister : Per pale, az. and gu., 3 lions rampant arg. 

Herbert. 

Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

[^Common Prayer. Dublin, 1621.] 

145 L 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Robert Dormer (born circ. i6io(?), died 20th September 1643) ^^^ ^^^ 
only son of Sir William Dormer, son of Robert, Baron Dormer of Wyng. 
In 1 61 6 Robert Dormer succeeded to the Barony of Dormer on the 
death of his grandfather, his father having predeceased him. In 1628 he was 
created Earl of Carnarvon, and in 1641 he was Lord Lieutenant of Bucks. 
Lord Carnarvon was killed at the Battle of Newbury, where he fought 
as a Royalist. He married in 1625 Anna Sophia Herbert, daughter of 
Philip, Earl of Pembroke. 



146 



William Douglas 



.^^-^^^ 


^j^^^^^-^^^^^^^^V^^s,!^*^ 


y<^^Q^i^^^^^^$\ 




g^^^m 


sS^ JV/IW 


/ 




[^^ 


K^|vy 


L 


^12^ 


^}irjw^^^\ 1 


// 
1 




f?\f( 


|1 




liiw 


'^1 


llA^ 


K/]f/ 





DOUGLAS, WILLIAM, DUKE OF 
QUEENSBERRY 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; arg., a human heart gu., imperially 
crowned ppr., on a chief az., 3 mullets of the 
jfield. Douglas, 
2nd and 3rd ; az., a bend between 6 crosses crosslet 
fitchee or. Marr, 
All within a bordure or, charged with the double 
tressure (flory counterflory) of Scotland, added by Charles 
II. to the coat of William Douglas, Earl of Queensberry, 
when he conferred upon him the Marquisate of Queens- 
berry in 1 68 1. 

147 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Coronet, — That of a Duke. 

Supporters, — On each side a Pegasus arg., winged, 
maned, and hoofed or. 

Motto. FORDWARD. 

[BoETHius. Scotorum Historiae a prima gentts origine, 
Paris, 1526.] 



148 



William Douglas 



. 


^te 


. 


^v^\ 


^pj^^^^^^^^^r 


/^^^ 


X_j]/ 


^^^^^^^^ 


u^\ 


J^^T?V' 


^ 


\ \ . \ 


^tf ^ 


SH^^d^ 


^^^ 


1^'' 


^^jg^ 


^1 


V^/ 


s^^®^ 


(^1 


\ 


s 


/ 



Crfi/. — A man's heart gu., ensigned with an imperial 
crown ppr., and winged or. Douglas, 
Coronet, — That of a Duke. 
Initials, — W. D. (William Douglas). 

[Pliny. C Flinii Secundi Historiae Naturalis^ Lib. xxxvii. 
Lugd. Batavorum, 1635.] 

William Douglas (born circ. 1637, died 28th March 1695), Viscount 
Drumlanrig, was the son of James Douglas, second Earl of Queensberry. 
In 1 67 1 Lord Drumlanrig succeeded to his father's honours, and in 
1 68 1 he received a step in the Peerage, being created first Marquis of 
Queensberry. In 1684 he was created Duke of Queensberry. His 
Grace was Justice-General of Scotland in 1680 and a Lord of Session, 
and from 1682 to 1686 he was High Governor of Edinburgh Castle. 



149 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




DUDLEY, ROBERT, EARL OF LEICESTER 

Crest, — A bear arg., muzzled and chained or, grim- 
pant on a staff raguly arg. A crescent for difference. 
Dudley, 

Initials,— K. D. (Robert Dudley). 

[Trissino. La Italia Liberata, Venezia, 1547.] 

Robert Dudley (born 24th June 1532, died 4th September 1588) was 
a son of John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. In 1549 he married 
Amy Robsart, who was killed at Cumnor Place in Berks in 1560. It 
was supposed this was done in order to allow of a marriage between 
Dudley and Queen Elizabeth. 

Lord Robert Dudley was a great favourite both of Edward VI., to 
whom he had been a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber and Master of 
the Buckhounds, and of Queen Elizabeth. He was for a time Member 
of Parliament for Norfolk. With his father, the Duke of Northumberland, 
Lord Robert conspired to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne of England, 

150 



Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester 

and for this he was sentenced to death in 1553, ^"^ shortly afterwards he 
was pardoned and restored in blood. Under Elizabeth Dudley received 
many honours. He was made Master of the Horse, Lord Steward of the 
Household, and Knight of the Garter in 1559, and in 1564 Earl of 
Leicester. In 1564 he was elected Chancellor of Oxford University, and 
in 1575 he entertained the Queen at his beautiful home at Kenilworth. 
Leicester was Lord Lieutenant of Warwickshire and of other counties, 
and his possessions were very great. He married a second time in 1573, 
but left no heir. 

The emblem of the ragged staff, or "Sable a staff raguly in bend 
arg.," was used as a coat-of-arms by the ancient Earls of Warwick, and it 
shows, as well as a bear, in the representations of the town of Warwick 
held in the hands of figures in the "Rows Roll," written and illuminated 
by John Rows of Warwick in the fifteenth century. The bear seems to 
have been assumed as a cognizance by Earl Arthgallus, and may 
either have been taken from the Warwick bear or as an allusion to his 
name " Arth," in British meaning "Bear."' The successive Earls of 
Warwick used the bear and the ragged staff as a badge, and Robert 
Dudley, Earl of Leicester, whose father, among other honours, was nine- 
teenth Earl of Warwick, used it as a crest. Lord Leicester used a chained 
bear as his dexter supporter, and the ragged staff shows on one of his 
many quarterings. 



151 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





^iR 




ir 



EDWARD VI., KING OF ENGLAND, FRANCE, 
AND IRELAND 

Arms, — Quarterly, France and England as used by- 
Henry VIII. (q.v.). 

Crown, — Royal. 

Initials, — E. R. (Edvardus Rex). 

This coat-of-arms is upon a binding made for Edward 
VI. by Thomas Berthelet, who had been Royal Book- 
binder to Henry VIII. It has been, however, transferred 
to a volume which belonged to Queen Elizabeth. 

\Public Acts, London, 1559.] 
152 



Edward VI. 



JL 




EJT 


S)R 




IP/ 



Variety. — Quarterly, France and England as used by- 
Henry VIII. (q.v.). 
Crown, — Royal. 
Initials, — E. R. (Edvardus Rex). 

[Andreasi. De Amplitudine misericordiae Dei oratio. 
Basileae, 1550.] 




Badge, — A daisy ppr., crowned or. 

The daisy was used as a badge by Edward VI., in 
memory of his great-grandmother, Margaret Beaufort, 
mother of Henry VII. 

[Belief in Christ, London, 1550.] 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Badge, — The triple ostrich plume arg., of the Prince 
of Wales, within a princely coronet or. 

Motto. IhC {sic) DIEN. 

Initials. — E. P. (Edward, Prince.) 

[^List of Cities^ etc., named in Trogus Pompeius and in the 
epistles of Cicero ; addressed by Peter Olivarius to 
Edward^ Prince of Wales. 1546, MS.] 

Prince Edward (born 12th October 1537, died 6th July 1553) was 
the son of Henry VIII. and Queen Jane Seymour, his third wife. He 
succeeded his father on the throne of England in 1547, and left the crown 
by will to his cousin Lady Jane Grey, the result of which was that her 
relatives endeavoured to place her upon the throne and she was beheaded 
in 1554 by order of Queen Mary. Although the Prince of Wales's 
plumes were used on the bindings made for Prince Edward, he never 
was Prince of Wales. The majority of his bindings were made by 
Thomas Berthelet, and they came to the British Museum with the rest 
of the old Royal Library in 1757. 

The supporters used by Edward VI. were the golden lion and the red 
dragon, as they were used by Henry VIII. after 1528, but they do not 
show on any of his bindings as far as is at present known. 



Edward VII 



EDWARD VII., KING OF THE UNITED 
KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND 
IRELAND, AND OF THE BRITISH 
DOMINIONS BEYOND THE SEAS, 
DEFENDER OF THE FAITH ; EMPEROR 
OF INDIA. 

Arms, — Within the Garter, and surrounded by the 
Collar of the Order of the Garter, dependent from which 
is the Great George. 
Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; gu., 2 lions passant guardant in pale 

or, langued and unguled az. England, 
2nd ; or, a lion rampant within a double tressure 

flory counterflory gu. Scotland. 
3rd ; az., a harp or, stringed arg. Ireland, 
Crown, — Royal. 

[For illustration see the Frontispiece.] 



^SS 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




EGERTON, FRANCIS HENRY, EIGHTH EARL 
OF BRIDGWATER 

Arms. — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th grand quarters ; arg., a Hon rampant 

gu., between 3 pheons sa. Egerton. 
2nd grand quarter ; quarterly, France and 

England. , Mary^ daughter of Henry VI L 
3rd grand quarter ; barry of six, arg. and az. 
Grey, 
Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

Supporters. — Dexter, a horse ; sinister, a griffin ; each 
gorged with a ducal coronet. 
Motto, — Sic donec. 



[Rabani Mauri Tractatus super Librum Regum, 
Eg. MS. 1983.] 



Francis Henry Egerton 



Variety. — The shield alone. 

[Beza. Nov. Test. London, 
1582.] 





Crest. — A lion rampant gu., 
supporting an arrow erect or, 
headed and feathered arg. 

Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

[Taylor. An arrant T/iiefe, 
London, 1625.] 



Francis Henry Egerton (born nth November 1756, died nth 
February 1829) ^^^ a son of John Egerton, Bishop of Durham. He was 
educated at Eton and All Souls' College, Oxford, and was for a long time 
Rector of Middle, Shropshire. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and 
of the Society of Antiquaries. Mr. Egerton was a scholar and a book 
lover, and wrote several books, mostly genealogical, a subject of which he 
was very fond. 

In 1823, on the death of his brother, Mr. Egerton became Earl of 
Bridgwater, but he remained in Paris, where he had lived for some time. 
With the Peerage Lord Bridgwater inherited a large fortune, and he 
bequeathed a large portion of this in the endowment of Literature, one 
result of which was the "Bridgwater Treatises." He also left a very 
large collection of manuscripts and other treasures to the Trustees of the 
British Museum, with property to allow of accessions. 

157 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




ELIZABETH, QUEEN OF ENGLAND, FRANCE, 
AND IRELAND 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly, first and 
fourth, France ; second and third, England, as used by 
Henry VIII. (q.v.). 

Crown, — Royal. 

[Grant. Graecae Linguae Spicilegium. London, 1 577.] 



158 



Queen Elizabeth 




Variety. — Within the Garter. 

[GuicciARDiNi. Historie. London, 1599.] 




Badge, — Upon a mound or, a falcon arg., royally 
crowned or, and holding in his dexter claw a Royal 

159 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

sceptre or ; growing on the dexter side of the mound a 
rose-tree ppr., with red and white roses. 

Queen Elizabeth used this badge in memory of her 
mother, Queen Anne, at whose coronation it was shown in 
a pageant. A falcon was the crest of the Ormond family, 
and it is shown sculptured on the tomb of the Earl of 
Wiltshire, father of Anne Bullen. 

[ Trogi Pompeii historiarum Philippicarum Epitoma, 
Paris, 1 58 1.] 




Badge, — A Tudor rose, arg. and gu., seeded or, and 
leaved vert. Ensigned with a Royal Crown. 

[Caius. De Antiquitate Cantebrigiensis Academiae libri 
duo. Londini, 1574.] 



160 



Queen Elizabeth 




Badge, — A Tudor rose bearing a scroll upon which is 
the name " Elizabeth." 

[^New Testament, London, 1532.] 

The Princess Elizabeth (born 7th September 1533, ^^^^ ^4^^ March 
1603) w^^ ^^^ daughter of Henry VIII. and his second wife Anne BuUen. 

In 1558 Elizabeth succeeded her half-sister Mary as Queen of England. 
Queen Elizabeth loved magnificence of all kinds, and the bindings made 
for her show a considerable range of style ; several were sumptuously bound 
in velvet with rich embroideries and pearls, some of these being made 
by the workmen of Archbishop Parker ; other velvet bindings were 
stamped in gold, and had overlays of coloured satin. As Princess, 
Elizabeth is supposed to have embroidered a few bindings ; two of these 
are now in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, and another is in the British 
Museum. Others were in carved, engraved, or repousse gold finely 
enamelled, and numbers were in leather, both gold tooled and blind tooled; 
some of the former were very likely bound for the Queen by the printer 
John Day, who was the first English binder to use inlays of leather 
coloured differently to the main part of the binding. 

Small series of triple dots and small corner-pieces show for the first 
time on small books bound for Queen Elizabeth towards the end of her 
reign. 

The supporters used by Queen Elizabeth were the golden lion and the 
red dragon ; they show on some of the beautiful painted bindings done for 
the Queen, but not on any of the stamps. The Queen's portrait is some- 
times found stamped on her books. 

161 M 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




FINCH, HENEAGE, EARL OF AYLESFORD 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; arg., a chevron between 3 griffins 

passant. Finch, 
2nd and 3rd ; per pale, az. and gu., 3 lions rampant 
arg. Herbert, 
Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

Motto, — NeC ELATA NEC DEIECTA. 

[Sacchi. Platinae hystoria de vitis potificum. 

Venetiis, 151 1.] 
162 



Heneage Finch, Earl of Aylesford 

Heneage Finch (born c. 1647, ^^^^ 22nd July 1719) was the second 
son of the first Earl of Nottingham. Mr. Finch was an eminent lawyer, 
and in 1678 he became Solicitor-General. He was Member of Parliament 
for Oxford, and in 1702, shortly after the accession of Queen Anne, 
he was chosen to receive Her Majesty when she visited that city. On 
this occasion he was created Baron of Guernsey. On the accession of 
George I. Lord Guernsey was created Earl of Aylesford, and also made a 
Member of the Privy Council and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. 



163 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




FITZ-ALAN, HENRY, EIGHTEENTH 
EARL OF ARUNDEL 

Arms. — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; gu., a lion rampant or. Fitz-Alan, 
2nd and 3rd ; sa., a fret or. Maltravers. 

Crest — Out of an heraldic coronet gu., a demi eagle, 
wings displayed or. 

Helmet. — That of a Peer. 

Motto. ViRTVTIS LAVS ACTIO. 

Note. — Coloured. The earliest heraldic book-stamp 
of an English subject as yet known. 



[Aristotle. Venetiis, 1513.] 
164 



Henry Fitz-Alan 





^ 



Badge, — A horse courant arg., bearing in his mouth 
a sprig of oak ppr. 

[Bii/ia, Venice, 1544.] 

Henry Fitz-Alan (born c. 1511, died c. 1580) was the son of William, 
Earl of Arundel, and succeeded his father in 1544. 

Lord Arundel was a soldier of repute, and took part in the siege of 
Boulogne in 1545. He gave political offence to the Earl of Warwick 
in the reign of Edward VI. and was committed to the Tower. He 
acted as Constable at the coronation of Queen Mary, and as Lord High 
Steward at that of Queen Elizabeth. He was a Knight of the Garter. 
Fond of books. Lord Arundel made a large collection of them, and 
profited by the dissolution of the monasteries in the early sixteenth 
century to add to his library at Nonsuch. Many of his books had 
belonged to Archbishop Cranmer. He bequeathed his library to his son- 
in-law. Lord Lumley, and they were nearly all purchased eventually by 
Henry, Prince of Wales. 



65 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




FREDERICK, ELECTOR PALATINE OF THE 
RHINE, AFTERWARDS KING OF 
BOHExMIA. 

Arms, — Impaled. 
Dexter : Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; sa., a lion rampant or, crowned gu. 

Pfalz-am-Rhein, 
2nd and 3rd ; lozengy, az. and arg. Bavaria, 
166 



Frederick, Elector Palatine 

Over all an escutcheon of pretence bearing a Royal 

orb as an emblem of dominion. 
Sinister: The Royal arms of James I. (q.v.). 
Crest, — Out of a princely coronet, a lion sejant 
or, crowned gu., between 2 buffalo horns lozengy, az. 
and arg. 

Supporters. — 2 lions rampant or, crowned gu. 

[Leg RAIN. Decade contenant la vie et gestes de Henry le 
Grand Roy de France, Paris, 1614.] 

Frederick V., Elector Palatine of the Rhine, married the Princess 
Elizabeth (born 15th August 1596, died 13th February 1662), daughter 
of James VI. of Scotland, in 1613. In 1618, Frederick was elected King 
of Bohemia ; his acceptance of this dignity is said to have been largely due 
to his wife's ambition. As Queen of Bohemia, Elizabeth's life was not 
easy, and she was never popular at Prague, and in 1622 the Palatinate 
was taken by the Duke of Bavaria. Her father, now James I. of England, 
does not appear to have taken much interest in the Queen of Bohemia ; 
neither in turn did Charles I. In 1632 the King of Bohemia died, and 
the Queen passed the latter part of her life in England. 

Queen Elizabeth's youngest daughter, Sophia, Electress of Hanover, 
was the mother of George I., King of England. 



167 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




FREDERICK, PRINCE OF WALES 

Arms. — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 
1st ; England and Scotland impaled. 
2nd ; France. 
3rd ; Ireland, 

4th ; the arms of the Royal Dominions in Germany. 
As used by George I. (q.v.) ; over all the label arg. 
of the eldest son of the King ; and the whole ensigned 
with a Princely coronet. 

Crest. — A Princely coronet ppr., thereon a lion statant 
guardant or, coroneted with a princely coronet ppr. 

168 



Frederick, Prince of Wales 

Helmet, — Royal. 

Supporters. — The lion and unicorn of England, 
differenced with a label of three points arg., and the 
lion wearing a Princess coronet. 

Motto. ICH DIEN. 

[Papers relating to Cuba. London, 1 744.] 

Frederick Louis, Prince of Hanover, and afterwards Prince of Wales 
(born 6th January 1707, died 20th March 1751), was the eldest son of 
George, Electoral Prince of Hanover, afterwards George II., King of 
England. In 1729 Prince Frederick was created Prince of Wales, but all 
his life there were incessant quarrels between himself and his parents. In 
1736 he married the Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha ; it proved an 
unhappy marriage. 

The Prince of Wales died in 1751, from the after-effects of an 
accidental blow from a tennis ball, and nobody appears to have regretted 
him. He left nine children, the eldest of whom, George, succeeded to 
the throne of England on the death of his grandfather in 1760. The 
Prince of Wales' books were generally bound in red morocco, with one or 
other of his armorial stamps, some of which bear the label of the eldest 
son, and others do not. But they all have the motto "Ich dien," and 
occasionally the initials " F. P." at the top on each side of the crest. 



169 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





^4^ 






'mm 









GARRICK, DAVID 

Arms, — Per pale, or and az., in the dexter compart- 
ment a tower gu., and in the sinister, on a mount vert, 
a sea-horse arg., mane, fins, and tail of the first ; on a chief 
or, 3 mullets of the second. 

Crest. — A mullet or. 



[Etherege. The Comical Revenge, London, 1690.] 

David Garrick (born 19th February 17 16, died 20th January 1779) 
was the son of an officer in the army, and of Huguenot descent from the 
family of La Garrique of Bordeaux. Garrick took to the stage at an 
early age, and after having unsuccessfully tried other means of making a 
livelihood he eventually took to acting as a profession. He acted as an 
amateur at St. John's Gate, Clerkenwell, and he u^rote several plays. His 
family did not approve of his becoming an actor, but his rapid success 
ultimately reconciled them to it. His life-history is one of unvarying 
triumphs, which, however, naturally made him many enemies ; he left the 
stage practically in 1762. 

Garrick was a collector of treasures of all sorts, but particularly copies 
of Early English plays, of which he made a very large and valuable collec- 
tion. These he bequeathed to the British Museum. He left a large 
fortune, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. 

170 



George I 




As used by Queen 
Anne. 



GEORGE I., KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, 
FRANCE, AND IRELAND 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

1st grand quarter ; 'England 

and Scotland impaled. 

2nd grand quarter ; France, 

3rd grand quarter ; Ireland, 

4th grand quarter ; the arms of the Royal 

Dominions in Germany. Impaled. 

Dexter : Gules, 2 lions passant guardant or. 

Brunswick, 

171 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Sinister : Or, semee of hearts ppr., a lion rampant 

az. Lunenburg, 
In the base point gu., a horse current arg. 

Saxony, 
Over all an escutcheon gu., charged with the 
Crown of Charlemagne or, as a badge of 
the office of High Treasurer of the Holy 
Roman Empire, The Crown of Charlemagne 
is one of the finest Byzantine Crowns in the 
world, and it is one of the very few heraldic 
bearings that are in actual existence. It is of 
gold and richly ornamented with jewels and 
enamels, and is kept in the Royal Treasury at 
Vienna. 
Crest, — A Royal Crown ppr., thereon a lion statant 
guardant or, crowned ppr. 
Helmet, — Royal. 

Supporters, — The lion and unicorn, as used by James I. 
(q.v.). 

Motto, DiEU ET MON DROIT. 

Initials, — G. R. (Georgius Rex). 
Badges. — A Tudor rose and a thistle. 

yrhe many advantages of a good Language, 1724.] 

George Lewis, Electoral Prince of Hanover (born 28th May 1660, 
died nth June 1727), was the eldest son of Sophia, youngest daughter of 
the Princess Elizabeth, daughter of James I., and Ernest Augustus, Duke 
of Brunswick-Lunenburg. In 17 14 Prince George succeeded his cousin, 

172 



George I. 



Queen Anne, on the throne of England. He was then fifty-four years of 
age, and firmly fixed in his German ideas ; he never spoke English well, 
and took every possible opportunity of revisiting his electoral dominions, 
where he died in 1727. 

George I. made an important change in the English coat-of-arms, 
by including the quartered coat containing the Arms of the Royal 
Dominions in Germany, Brunswick, Lunenburg, and Saxony. These 
arms were used in the fourth quarter by George I., George II., and 
George III. until 1801. After that date they were shown on an escutcheon 
of pretence by George III., George IV., and William IV., at whose 
death they were discontinued altogether. 



173 




GEORGE II., KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, 
FRANCE, AND IRELAND 

174 



George II. 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

I St grand quarter ; England and Scotland impaled. 
2nd grand quarter ; France, 
3rd grand quarter ; Ireland, 

4th grand quarter ; Brunswick impaling Lunenburg, 

Saxony in the base point, and the Crown of 

Charlemagne on an escutcheon of pretence ; all 

as used by George I. (q.v.). 

Crest, — A Royal Crown ppr., thereon a lion statant 

guardant or, crowned ppr. 

Supporters, — The lion and the unicorn, as used by 
James I. (q.v.). 

Motto, DiEU ET MON DROIT. 

Badges, — Roses and a Thistle. 
[BoERHAVE. Methodus Studii Medici, Amst., 1751.] 



175 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety. — Used as Prince of Wales. 

Arms. — Within the Garter. Impaled. 

Dexter : The Royal Arms of England, quarterly ; 
first, England and Scotland impaled ; second, 
France ; third, Ireland ; fourth, the arms of the 
Dominions of the Crown in Germany ; over 
all the label, with three points arg., of an 
elder son. 
Sinister : The arms of Princess Caroline of 
Brandenburg-Anspach. Quartered. 

1. Per fess, gu. and arg. Magdeburg. 

2. Arg., an eagle displayed sa. Brandenburg. 

3. Arg., an eagle displayed sa. Jagerndorff. 

4. Or, a griffin segreant gu. Herz. Wenden, 

176 



George 11. 

5. Or, a griffin segreant sa. Furst Wenden, 

6. Arg., a griffin segreant gu. Pommern. 

7. Arg., an eagle displayed sa. Crossen, 

8. Arg., a griffin segreant gu. Kassuben. 

9. Arg., an eagle displayed gu. Prussia. 

10. Per pale, arg. and gu. Halberstadt, 

11. Or, a lion rampant sa., crowned or, 

within a bordure gobony, arg. and gu. 
Nuremberg, 

12. Gu., 2 keys in saltire or. Minden, 

13. Quarterly, arg. and sa. Hohenzollern. 

14. Gu., a cross ar. Ratzeburg, 

15. Gu. For right of Regalia. 

Crest, — A Prince's coronet ppr., thereon a lion statant 
guardant or, coroneted ppr. 

Helmet, — R oy al . 

Supporters, — The lion and unicorn, the Royal 
Supporters of England, each charged with a Prince 
of Wales' label. The lion is coroneted with the 
coronet of a Royal Prince. 

Motto, ICH DIEN. 

[Playford. Wit and Mirth, London, 1714.] 



77 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety, — Used as Prince of Wales. The Prince of 
Wales' plumes, within a princely coronet, and flanked 
by the initials " G. P." for " Georgius Princeps." 

Motto, ICH DIEN. 

[MusGRAVE. Antiquttates Britan?JO-Belgicae. 
Exeter, 17 19.] 

George, Electoral Prince of Hanover, afterwards Prince of Wales 
(born 30th October 1683, ^^^^ ^5^^ October 1760), was the only son 
of George I., and succeeded his father on the throne of England in 1727. 

In 1753 an Act was passed "For the purchase of the Museum or 
Collection of Sir Hans Sloane and of the Harleian Collection of MSS. ; 
and for providing one General Repository for the better reception and more 
convenient use of the said Collections, and of the Cottonian Library." 
In 1757 King George II. added to these "Foundation Libraries" of the 
British Museum, the old Royal Library of England, which had been 
largely brought together by Henry, Prince of Wales. The old Royal 
Library underwent several vicissitudes after the death of Prince Henry. 
It was kept at St. James's Palace. When it was at length incorporated 
with the Sloane and Cotton collections it numbered altogether about 
fifteen thousand volumes, manuscripts, and printed books. 

On 2nd September 1705, Prince George, then Electoral Prince of 

178 



George II. 



Hanover, married Wilhelmina Caroline (born 1st march 1683, died 20th 
November 1737), the eldest daughter of John Frederick, Margrave of 
Brandenburg -Anspach. Queen Caroline made herself as important in 
Court and political affairs as she had already done as Princess, and allied 
herself strongly v^ith Sir Robert Walpole, then Minister of State, and 
her power became very great, as the King gave way to her wishes almost 
invariably. Both George II. and Queen Caroline disliked their eldest son 
Frederick. During the King's several absences in Hanover, Queen 
Caroline acted as Regent, to the great annoyance of the Prince of Wales. 



179 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




GEORGE III., KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, 
FRANCE, AND IRELAND, AFTERWARDS 
KING OF GREAT BRITAIN AND 
IRELAND, AFTERWARDS KING OF 
THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT 
BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 

First Coat-of-Arms 

Arms. — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

1st, England and Scotland impaled. 2nd, France. 

i8o 



George III. 

3rd, Ireland. 4th, The arms of the Royal 
Dominions in Germany ; all as used by 
George I. (q.v.). 
Crest. — A royal crown ppr., thereon a lion statant 
guardant or, crowned ppr. 

Supporters, — The lion and the unicorn, as used by 
James I. (q.v.). 

Motto. DiEU ET MON DROIT. 

Badges. — ^A rose for England and a thistle for 
Scotland. 

Note. — Used from 24th October 1760 until ist 
January 1801. 

[ViTRuvius PoLLio. Architecture, London, 1791.] 



181 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




First Coat-of-Arms 

Variety, — With supporters bearing the standards of 
St. George and St. Andrew. Probably a foreign design. 

[Secondat. Le Temple de Guide. Parisiis, 1772.] 



182 



George III. 




First Coat-of-Arms 

Variety. — Within the Garter, with the " George " 
jewel, and the badges and collars of the Orders of the 
Thistle and the Bath (Civil), with their respective 
mottoes. Nemo me impune lacessit and Tria juncta 

IN UNO. 

[Petavius. De Nithardo breve Syntagma. Parisiis, 

1613.] 

183 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




First Coat'of-Arms 
Variety, — Used without supporters. 

[Monro. Works. Edinburgh, 178 1.] 



184 



George III 




Second Coat-of-Arms 
Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

I St and 4th, England. 2nd, Scotland. 3rd, Ireland. 
Over all, on an escutcheon of pretence, the arms of the 
Royal Dominions in Germany ensigned with an electoral 
bonnet gu., turned up with miniver. Used from ist 
January 1801 until 8th June 18 16. Colours as used by 
George I. (q.v.). 

Crest^ Supporters^ and Motto as used by James I. (q.v.). 
Badges, — Roses and thistles. 
[S. AuGusTiNus. De Civitate Det\ etc. 1467.] 

185 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Third Coat'of-Arms 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly, as in the 
preceding case, but with the Royal Hanoverian Crown, 
instead of the electoral bonnet, over the escutcheon of 
pretence. Used from 8th June 1816 until 29th January 
1820. 

Crest, Supporters, Badges^ and Motto, — As before, with 
a Royal helmet, but the shield is additionally enclosed 
within the collar of the Order of the Garter, dependent 
from which is the badge of the Great George. 

\Inventories of plate belonging to the Crown, etc.] 

186 



George III 




The Royal Initials ensigned with a Royal Crown. 

[Allionius. Tractatio de Miliar turn origine et 
curatione, Aug. Taurinorum, 1758.] 




The Irish Harp, crowned. 

{Lord's Journals of Ireland, Dublin, 1780.] 

George III. (born 4th June 1738, died 29th January 1820) was the 
eldest son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and grandson of George II. He 
succeeded to the throne in 1760. 

187 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

The troubles in Ireland ended, for a time, in the Legislative Union in 
1 80 1. During the latter part of his reign George III. became insane 
and the Prince of Wales was appointed Regent. Almost as soon as 
George III. succeeded to the throne he began collecting books, no 
doubt to a great extent induced to do so because of the fact that 
George II. had practically denuded the Royal Libraries of their treasures 
in 1757, but in many ways he possessed the true collector's instinct. 
The Royal Librarian was Sir Frederick Barnard, K.C.H., who travelled 
about the Continent seeking early editions and desirable books generally, 
under the advice of Dr. Samuel Johnson. Besides the books collected 
abroad by Sir Frederick, large numbers were acquired in England, 
among these the entire library of Joseph Smith, British Consul at Venice. 
Sir Frederick Barnard did not neglect the sale-room, and he acquired 
especially valuable additions to the Royal Library at the sales of the 
important libraries of James West, John RatclifFe, and Richard Farmer, 
all of which took place about the same time. 

The library collected by George III. is now housed in the beautiful 
room known as the " King's Library " in the British Museum. All the 
books have one or other of the many book-stamps used by the King 
impressed upon them, either on the sides or on the back. The estimated 
number of volumes in the library at the time of its acquisition by the 
British Museum was about eighty- four thousand, as well as a very 
large collection of charts, maps, and drawings, and several manuscripts. 
The books in the King's Library are in splendid condition, and among 
them are numbers of precious bindings, especially later English, Scottish, 
and Irish. Several of the Royal books were bound by Charles 
Kalthoeber, a German binder who copied the style and stamps used by 
Roger Payne. 

The coat-of-arms used by George III. in the early part of his reign 
was the same as that used by his predecessor, viz. first quarter, England 
and Scotland impaled ; second quarter, France ; third quarter, Ireland ; and 
fourth quarter, Brunswick impaling Lunenburg, in the base point Saxony, 
and an escutcheon of pretence bearing the crown of Charlemagne, as a 
badge of the office of High Treasurer of the Holy Roman Empire. This 
coat was used until 1801. 

On the 1st of January 1801, a Proclamation was issued by the King 
regarding the Legislative Union with Ireland, and certain armorial changes 
are noted. The first is that in future the title of the King is to be " of Great 
Britain and Ireland King," instead of as heretofore, "King of Great 

188 



George III 



Britain, France, and Ireland." Next the arms " shall be Quarterly : first 
and fourth England ; second Scotland ; third Ireland ; and it is our Will 
and Pleasure that there shall be borne therewith on an escutcheon of 
pretence, the arms of Our Dominions in Germany, ensigned with the 
electoral Bonnet." So that now the fourth quarter, as used by George I. 
and George II., is moved up, and shown on the escutcheon of pretence in 
the centre of the shield. 

It will be noticed that the Fleurs-de-lys of France are now left out of 
the English coat-of-arms, as well as the title of King of France. The 
arms of France had been used in the English coat-of-arms since their 
adoption, with the motto " DiEU et mon Droit," by Edward III. in 
1 341, when he claimed the throne of France by right of his mother 
Isabella, only surviving child of Philippe IV. From that time until 6th 
March 1706, when Queen Anne changed the first quarter of the English 
coat, the French Fleurs-de-lys had held the place of honour. Although 
the French coat was discarded in 1801, the motto which alluded to the 
same claim to the French throne has been retained and is still used. 
The Fleurs-de-lys of France were at first semees, but Charles VI. of 
France reduced them to three, and a corresponding change was presently 
made in the English coat. 

In 181 6 the electorate of Hanover was given the rank of a kingdom, so 
that the electoral bonnet no longer properly represented the dignity. On 
8th June 18 16, a notice was given in the London Gazette that his Majesty 
was in future " King of Hanover," and that a corresponding alteration is 
to be made in the Royal arms, and it is ordered that, "instead of the arms 
of His Majesty's Dominions in Germany, ensigned with the electoral 
bonnet, as directed by His Majesty's Proclamation above mentioned, there 
shall henceforth be used and borne with the arms or ensigns armorial of 
His Majesty's said United Kingdom, on an escutcheon of pretence, the 
arms of His Majesty's Dominions in Germany, ensigned with the 
Hanoverian Royal Crown." 

The Royal title Brttanniarum Rex^ " King of the United Kingdom of 
Great Britain and Ireland," without the Ducal titles of the Royal 
Dominions in Germany, which had been used by George I. and 
George II., first appears on the Fifth Great Seal of George III., used from 
1st August 181 5 to 17th September 1821. 



189 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




GEORGE IV., KING OF THE BRITAINS 



The coat-of-arms of George IV. was the same as 
the last used by George III., namely ist and 4th, 
England ; 2nd, Scotland ; 3rd, Ireland ; with the arms 
of the Royal Dominions in Germany on an escutcheon 
of pretence, ensigned with the Royal Crown of Hanover. 

Several of the older book -stamps of George III. 
were, however, frequently used by George IV. 

[Inventories of plate at Windsor^ etc] 
190 



George IV, 



Used when Prince of 
Wales. A Prince of 
Wales' plume within a 
princely coronet. 

\London and its 'Environs 
described. London, 1761.] 




George IV. used the same coat-of-arms as the last one of George III., 
that is to say, first and fourth grand quarters, England ; second grand 
quarter, Scotland ; and third grand quarter, Ireland ; on an escutcheon 
of pretence the arms of the Dominions of the Crown in Germany, 
ensigned with the Hanoverian Royal Crown. 

When George IV. inherited the large library made by his father, 
he very soon found that it was a very costly and troublesome legacy, 
and at one time he was inclined to sell it to the Emperor, Alexander I. 
of Russia. This idea, however, was very displeasing to English feeling, 
and the Premier, Lord Liverpool, was able to convince the King that 
any such sale would be highly unpopular. After considerable trouble 
the matter was amicably arranged, and Ministers were able to satisfy 
the King by means of a fund called " Droits of Admiralty," which they 
could dispose of without troubling Parliament. The King then wrote a 
letter, 15th January 1823, to Lord Liverpool, in which he says : — 

"The King, my late revered and excellent father, having formed 
during a long series of years, a most valuable and extensive Library, I 
have resolved to present this collection to the British Nation." 

The library was consequently removed from Buckingham House to the 
British Museum in 1828, and arranged in the beautiful room built for it. 
In this room the books are kept by themselves, apart from the rest of the 
library. It is probable that some idea of the ultimate destination of this 
library existed as long ago as 1791, as in that year a German preacher, 
Frederick Wendeborn, wrote that the books in the King's private library, "it 
is said, will be one time or another joined to those of the British Museum." 



191 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



m 


^ 


% 


w 



GILBERT, JOHN, ARCHBISHOP OF YORK 

Arms. — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; erm., on a chevron sa., 3 roses arg. 
Gilbert, 

2nd and 3rd ; arg., 2 bendlets sa. Brads/iaw, 
Note. — Used before 1726. 

[Tesauro. Patriarcluie Genealogia, Mediolani, 1645.] 

John Gilbert (born circ. 1693, ^^^^ 9^*^ August 1761) was a son of 
John Gilbert, Prebendary of Exeter. He was educated at Oxford, and 
ordained about 17 18. 

In 1722 Gilbert succeeded to his father's Prebendal stall at Exeter, 
and two years later he was made Dean. In 1726 Dr. Gilbert was 
consecrated Bishop of LlandafF, and was afterwards translated to Salisbury. 
In 1757 he became Archbishop of York. Gilbert was not a man 
of much learning, and his preferment in the Church is remarkable as 
being due more to influence than character. He published several 
sermons. 



192 



George Granville Leveson-Gower 




GOWER, GEORGE GRANVILLE LEVESON, 
DUKE OF SUTHERLAND 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quartered. 

1. Quarterly ; 

I St and 4th, harry of 8, arg. and gu., over 

all a cross patonce sa. Gower, 
2nd and 3rd, az., 3 laurel leaves or. Leveson, 

2. Barry of 8, arg. and gu., over all a cross 

patonce sa. Gower. 

3. Gu., 3 clarions or. Granville. 

193 o 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

4. Arg., a lion rampant gu., between 3 pheons, 

sa. Egerton, 

5. Arg., on a bend az., 3 bucks' heads cabossed 

or. Stanley, 

6. Gu., 2 lions passant arg. Strange, 

7. Barry of 10, arg. and gu., a lion rampant or, 

on a canton sa., a fess arg. Brandon, 

8. Quarterly ; 

I St and 4th, France. 

2nd and 3rd, England ; being the arms of 
England, borne by right of descent from 
the Princess Mary, daughter of Henry VII. 
Coronet. — That of a Duke. 

[Jewel. Defense of the Apologie ^ etc , London, 1576.] 

George Granville Leveson-Gower (born 9th January 1758, died 
19th July 1833) was the son of Granville, Marquis of Stafford. Lord 
George was summoned to the House of Lords as Baron Gower during 
his father's lifetime, and succeeded to the Marquisate in 1803. 

The Marquis was a Member of the Privy Council and a Knight of 
the Garter, and in 1833 he was created Duke of Sutherland. The 
Earldom of Sutherland came into the Gower family by right of Elizabeth, 
Countess of Sutherland in her own right, who married the Duke in 
1785. It is said to be the most ancient Earldom in North Britain, and 
to date back as far as 105 7. The Duke's successors all used a quartering 
on their coat-of-arms for this ancient Earldom, namely, gu., 3 mullets 
or, within a bordure of the last, charged with a double tressure, flory 
counterflory of the field. 



194 



Joseph Henry Green 




GREEN, JOSEPH HENRY 

Arms, — Az., 3 bucks statant or. A crescent for 
diiFerence. Green, 

Motto, NeC SPERO NEC DESPERO. 

[Bacon. Of the Advancement and Projicience of Learning, 

Oxford, 1640.] 

Joseph Henry Green of Barnet (born ist November 1791, died 13th 
December 1863) ^^^ ^^^ second son of Joseph Green of London. He 
was an eminent surgeon, and commenced his medical studies in Germany. 
Returning to London, Green worked at St. Thomas's Hospital, where he 
eventually held important office, becoming chief surgeon in 1820. 
In 1824, Green was appointed Professor of Anatomy at the College of 
Surgeons. He was Professor of Surgery at King's College, a Fellow of 
the Royal Society, and twice President of the College of Surgeons. 
Professor Green was a friend and literary executor to S. T. Coleridge. 



195 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




GRENVILLE, RT. HON. THOMAS 

Arms, — Vert., on a cross arg., 5 torteaux. A crescent 
for difference. Grenville, 

\Tristan^ Chlr, de la Table Ronde, Paris.] 

Thomas Grenville (born 31st December 1755, died 17th December 
1846) was the second son of George Grenville of Wotton Hall, Bucks, 
and was educated at Oxford. He served for a short time in the army. 
In 1780 Grenville was Member of Parliament for Buckinghamshire, and 
interested himself much in political matters. In 1790 he was Member 
for Aldborough, and in 1794 he was Minister Extraordinary at Vienna. 
His younger brother William, Baron Grenville, was Premier in 1806. 

Grenville was a Member of the Privy Council, and in 1799 Ambassador 
to Berlin, and was the last person to hold the office of Chief-Justice in 
Eyre south of Trent. He was for a time First Lord of the Admiralty. 
In 1818 Grenville left public Hfe. He was always an eager collector of 
fine books, and bequeathed his magnificent library to the nation. It is 
now kept at the British Museum, of which Mr. Grenville was a Trustee, 
in a room especially kept for it, and known as the Grenville Room. 

Among the Grenville books are still a few fine old bindings, but the 
majority have been rebound by George Lewis, one of the most eminent of 
the later English trade binders. 

196 



Henry Grey, Earl of Stamford 




GREY, HENRY, EARL OF STAMFORD 

Arms. — Quartered. 

1. Barry of 6, arg. and az. A label for difference. 

Grey, 

2. Sa., 6 mullets or, 3, 2, and i. Bonvile, 

3. Arg., a fret sa. Tollemache, 

4. A cross engrailed between 4 water bougets sa. 

Bourchier, 
Coronet, — That of an Earl. 



[UHistoire de France, Paris, 1581.] 
197 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Henry Grey (born c. 1599, died 23rd August 1673) was the son of Sir 
John Grey, and grandson of Henry, first Baron Grey of Groby, to whom 
he succeeded in the barony in 16 14. In 1628 Lord Grey was created 
Earl of Stamford. He was a soldier, and held a command in the Parlia- 
mentary Army, but proved a bad General. He was Lord Lieutenant of 
Leicestershire, and served for a time as Member of Parliament for that 
county. In 1645 he was impeached in the House of Commons for an 
assault on Sir Arthur Haselrig. 

Many of the books which had belonged to Lord Stamford subsequently 
came into the possession of Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, and now form 
part of the Harleian Library. 



198 



William Gulston, Bishop of Bristol 




GULSTON, WILLIAM, BISHOP OF BRISTOL 

Crest, — An ostrich wing, the feathers alternately arg. 
and gu., charged with a bend sa., charged with 3 plates. 
Gulston, 

[Boccaccio. Decamerone. Firenze, 1516.] 




Arms, — Arg., 3 bars nebuly gu., over all a bend sa., 
charged with 3 plates. Gulston, 

Note, — Used by a lady of the Gulston family. 

[CoQViLLE. Histoire du Fays et Duche de Nivernois, 

Paris, 1 61 2.] 
199 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety of crest in smaller size. 
[Tirante il Bianco valorissimo Cavaliere. Vinegia, 1538.] 

William Gulston was Rector of Symondsbury in Dorsetshire. In 1679 
he was consecrated Bishop of Bristol, a preferment he held until his death 
in 1684. 

The Gulston coat-of-arms is shown on the screen in Bristol Cathedral. 
The coat shown on a lozenge is that of a lady of the Gulston family, 
possibly a daughter of the Bishop. In most of the books on which this 
coat occurs there is a book-plate of " Elize Gulston," so the book-stamp 
was in all probability hers also. Both the small coat and the small crest 
are usually added on the backs of finely bound books, but the large crest 
occurs on the side in the usual manner. 



200 



John Hamilton 




HAMILTON, JOHN, ARCHBISHOP OF 
ST. ANDREWS 

Arms, — On an archiepiscopal cross. Quarterly. 

1 and 4. Gu., 3 cinquefoils erm. Hamilton, 

2 and 3. Arg., a lymphad sa. Arran, 

[Celsus. De arte Medicina, Basileae.] 

John Hamilton (born c. 15 10, died ist April 1570) at an early age 
became a Benedictine monk at Kilwinning, and in time went to study 
at Paris. The Regent Arran was his half-brother, and the priest had 
considerable influence with him. Hamilton's preferment in the Church 
was rapid. In 1545 he was made Bishop of Dunkeld, and in 1546 succeeded 
David Beaton as Archbishop of St. Andrews and Primate of Scotland. 
He was also Keeper of the Privy Seal and Lord Treasurer of Scotland. 

The Archbishop was a strong adherent of Mary, Queen of Scotland, 
and was a Member of her Privy Council ; he actively helped her escape 
from Loch Leven, as well as taking the field on her behalf. He was 
accused of complicity in the murders of Darnley and of the Regent Moray. 
Archbishop Hamilton wrote several theological works. He was hanged at 
Stirling in 1570. 



201 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




HARBORNE, WILLIAM 

Arms. — Gu., a lion passant or, between 3 bezants. 
Harborne, 

Motto, — Devs indvstriam beat. 



[Passe. Hortus Floridus, Utrecht, 1 6 1 5.] 

William Harborne (born circ. 1550, died 9th September 161 7) was the 
son of William Harborne of Great Yarmouth. He was a great traveller. 
In 1582 Harborne was appointed the Queen's Ambassador to Turkey, 
and remained at Constantinople until 1588. His tenure of this office was 
beneficial to trade, and he also procured several privileges from the Sultan as 
to English travellers in the East. Mr. Harborne wrote an account of his 
voyage to Constantinople, and other books about his stay there. His 
manuscripts are mostly at the British Museum or at the Bodleian Library 
at Oxford. 

202 



Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford 




HARLEY, ROBERT, EARL OF OXFORD AND 
EARL OF MORTIMER 

Arms, — Or, a bend cotised sa. Harley. 
Coronet. — That of an Earl. 
Supporters, — Two angels ppr. 

Motto, ViRTUTE ET FIDE. 

[_Survey of Manors in various Counties, Harl. M.S. 2192.] 



203 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



ROBERT! 




HARLEY 



Arms. — Or, a bend cotised sa. Harley, 

Motto. ViRTVTE ET FIDE. 

Legend. — Robert Harley. 

\The Annals of King James and King Charles the First. 
London, 1681.] 

Robert Harley (born 5th December 1661, died 21st May 1724) 
was the son of Sir Edward Harley of Brampton Bryan, Herefordshire. 
Robert Harley was Member of Parliament for Tregony, and afterwards 
for New Radnor, and was distinguished for his knowledge of finance. In 
1 70 1 he became Speaker of the House of Commons, and had a considerable 
share in the passing of the Act for the Protestant succession to the Throne 
of England. 

In 1 704, Mr. Speaker Harley became a Member of the Privy Council, 
and also was made one of the Principal Secretaries of State. Owing to 
various jealousies and plots against him, Harley resigned office in 1707. 
In 1 710 he was made Chancellor of the Exchequer; in 171 1 he was 
nearly assassinated by Antoine de Guiscard, a French adventurer, and his 
escape increased his popularity, and he was created Earl of Oxford, and 
Lord High Treasurer, an office he held until 17 14. 

In 1 7 15 Lord Oxford was impeached for betrayal of duty and other 
matters, twenty-two articles in all, and in 171 7 he was acquitted after a 
long trial. 

204 



Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford 

Through all his many political troubles, Harley continued the collection 
of manuscripts, which was his dearest hobby. He brought together many 
of the most famous collections, among them those of Sir Thomas Smith, 
Sir Symonds D'Ewes, and the Earl of Stamford. In the Harleian Library 
were about six thousand volumes of manuscripts, as well as about fifteen 
thousand separate rolls and charters, and this collection was largely added 
to by the second Earl. The entire collection was purchased by Parlia- 
ment in 1753, and is now in the British Museum. The printed books 
were dispersed. 

Many of the Harleian books were bound, generally in red morocco, by 
Thomas Eliot and Christopher Chapman, with broad, gold-tooled border- 
ings, and this style is known as the " Harleian." Several of Lord Oxford's 
favourite books have a facsimile signature " Robert Harley," impressed inside 
on the paper in gold. A member of the Harley family always holds one 
of the six family trusteeships of the British Museum. 



205 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




HASTINGS, FERDINANDO, SIXTH EARL OF 
HUNTINGDON 



206 



Ferdinando Hastings 

Crest. — A bull's head erased sa., armed and ducally 
gorged or. Hastings. 

Coronet. — That of an Earl. 

Motto. HONORANTES ME HONORABO. 

[Camden. Tomus alter Annalium Rerum Anglkarum . . . 
regnante Elizabetha. Londini, 1627.] 



207 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 







/ 


\^^^^^Sm^^ 











Cr^j/. — A bull's head erased sa., armed and ducally 
gorged or. Hastings. 

Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

[Reusner. BASIAIKHN operisGenealogki CatholiciAuctarium^ 
illustres Stirpes Comitum continens^ etc. Francofurti, 1 592.] 

Ferdinando Hastings (born i8th January 1608, died 13th February 
1655) was the son of Henry, fifth Earl of Huntingdon, and his wife 
Elizabeth, daughter of Ferdinando, Earl of Derby. He succeeded his 
father in the Earldom in 1643. Lord Huntingdon married Lucy, 
daughter of Sir John Davis of Englefield, Berks. 



208 



Sir Christopher Hatton, Knight 




HATTON, SIR CHRISTOPHER, KNIGHT 

Arms. — Quartered. 

1 . Az., a chevron between 3 garbs or. Hatton. 

2. Arg., a cross flory between 4 cornish choughs, 

ppr. Offley. 

3. Arg., an eagle displayed sa. Browne, 

4. Arg., a bend lozengy gu. Bradeston, 

• 5. Az., a cross engrailed erm. Stanton, 

6. Gu., a saltire arg. Nevill of Raby. 

209 p 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

7. Az., a chevron between 3 garbs or ; a crescent 

for difference. Hatton. 

8. Arg., a fess sa., in chief a crescent of the last. 

Tork. 

9. Az., 5 cinquefoils in cross arg., i, 3, and i. 

Holdenhy, 

10. Bendy, arg. and sa., on a canton of the second 

a castle of the first. CarrelL 

11. Gu., on a chief or, 3 quatrefoils vert. JVedson, 
Crest. — A hind passant or. 

Helmet. — That of an Esquire. 

[Bible. London, 1588.] 

Christopher Hatton (born c. 1540, died 20th November 1591) was the 
youngest son of Willian Hatton of Holdenby, Northamptonshire. He 
was educated at Oxford and entered the Middle Temple. 

Queen Elizabeth noticed Hatton at a masque, and was struck by 
his good looks and graceful dancing. He was shortly afterwards attached 
to the Court, and became a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber, Captain of 
the Guard, Vice-Chamberlain, and a Member of the Privy Council. 
In 1587 he was made Lord Chancellor, and also a Knight of the 
Garter. From 1588 until he died, Hatton was Chancellor of the 
University of Oxford. He wrote a few books on law or the drama, 
and had a considerable library. 



210 



Benjamin Heath 




Arms, — Sa., 
Heath, 



HEATH, BENJAMIN 

3 heathcocks arg., membered gu. 



[CoLLE. Medicina Practica, Pisauri, 1617.] 

Benjamin Heath (born 20th April 1704, died 13th September 1766) 
was a son of Benjamin Heath, a merchant of Exeter. He inherited a 
considerable fortune from his father, and as a young man travelled much 
on the Continent. 

Mr. Heath spent all his life in the pursuit of literature and the collection 
of books. Among his writings is one of some importance, " Notas sive 
Lectiones ad .^schyli, quas supersunt dramata," published at Oxford in 
1762. He was a D.C.L. of Oxford. He also wrote some political 
pamphlets, and others concerning Shakespeare. Dr. Heath left a large 
family, and one of his sons became headmaster of Eton. His library was 
very extensive, and he gave a large portion of it to his sons during his 
lifetime, and the remainder was sold in 18 10. 

211 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




HENRY VII., KING OF ENGLAND AND 
FRANCE, AND LORD OF IRELAND 

Arms. — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; az., 3 fleurs-de-Iys or. France, 
2nd and 3rd ; gu., 3 lions passant or, langued and 
unguled az. EfiglafiJ, 

Crown, — Royal, but of a type used before the time 
of Henry VI. and supported by two angels. 

Supporters, — Two lions sejant arg. Mortimer^ Earls 
of March. 

Note. — This stamp is sometimes said to have 
belonged to Edward IV. The crown as shown here is 
that which appears on groats of Henry VII. ; but the 
crown which appears on his great seal, a higher 
authority, has the crosses pattee and fleurs-de-lys 
alternately as now used. The crosses pattee were first 
used as the seal for foreign affairs of Henry VI. 

[^Impressed in blind ^ upon a loose cover in the Library 

of Westminster Abbey. C, 1490.] 

212 



Henry VII. 



Henry Tudor (born 26th June 1456, died 1509) was the son of Edmund 
Tudor, Earl of Richmond, and Margaret Beaufort. In i486 the Earl of 
Richmond married Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV., the 
first King of the Yorkist line, and as the Earl himself represented the 
Lancastrian line, by way of Catherine Swinford, this marriage united 
the two houses of York and Lancaster, and gave rise to the beautiful 
Tudor badge of the Red and White Rose. The two colours are shown 
sometimes per pale, sometimes quartered, or there may be simple rows 
of alternate petals, or, as is most usual, the inner petals are all white and 
the outer petals all red ; the centre is always gold, and the little leaves 
between the outer petals, if showing at all, are green. The portcullis and 
gateway, also commonly used as badges by our Sovereigns until the time 
of Charles I., are both used as emblems of the De Beaufort alliance. 
The portcullis is or, nailed az., chained and ringed of the first. 

The Earl of Richmond defeated Richard III. at the battle of Bosworth 
Field in 1485, and the king was killed. Henry VII. was crowned king 
on the battlefield. He possessed a considerable number of manuscripts, 
and also a small library of printed books, which, as far as is known, were 
bound in velvet. Judging from the leather binding in Westminster Abbey 
Library, Henry also had some commoner books stamped with his coat-of- 
arms. 

Several bindings that were made for Henry VII. still exist ; they are 
either at the Record Office, the Library of Westminster Abbey, or the 
British Museum, and are all bound in the same way. The binding is of 
red velvet, beautifully bossed with silver or other metal ; the bosses are 
ornamented with the Royal coat-of-arms, with the red dragon of 
Cadwallader as a dexter supporter, and the white greyhound of the Nevills, 
or, when used by Henry VII., of the De Beauforts, as sinister supporter. 

But before using the dragon and greyhound Henry VII. had used 
two white lions. A white lion was the badge of the Earls of March, who 
were distantly connected with the King. 

The coat-of-arms used by Henry VII., i.e. France and England 
quarterly, was the same as had been used by all the English kings since 
Henry IV. in 1408, when the fleurs-de-lys semees, which had been 
hitherto used, were reduced to three, in accordance with the change made 
in the French coat by Charles VI., King of France. 



213 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




HENRY VIII., KING OF ENGLAND AND 
FRANCE, AND LORD OF IRELAND— 
AFTERWARDS KING OF ENGLAND, 
FRANCE, AND IRELAND. 

Arms . — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; az., 3 fleurs-de-lys, 2 and i, or. 

France. 
2nd and 3rd ; gu., 3 lions passant guardant, in pale 

or, langued and unguled az. ^England. 

Crown, — Royal. 

214 



Henry VIII. 

Supporters, — Dexter, a dragon gu. Cadwallader. 
Sinister, a greyhound arg., gorged or. Nevill or 
De Beaufort. 
Badges, — Dependent from the shield 2 portcullises or, 
nailed az., chained of the first. De Beaufort, 

At the top, a fleur-de-lys or, France-, and a double 
rose gu. and arg., centred or, and leaved vert, Tudor, 

Motto, DiEV ET MON DROIT. 

Legend, — Rex henricvs viii. 

[Opus eximium de vera differentia regiae potestatis et 
ecclesiasticae, London, 1534.] 



215 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety. — Arms as before. Panel stamp with 2 
angels bearing scrolls. At the top a Tudor rose, and 2 
portcullises dependent from the base of the shield, which 
is ensigned with a Royal crown, and supported by a 
dragon and a greyhound. 

[HoLKOT. Opus r ever a insignissimum in librum Sapietie 

Salomonis editiim. Parisiis, 15 18.] 

216 



Henry VIII. 



■ 



e o 

■ 
o 



- *^ o ^ o 't o^ o «r 




O » O ;»» O >fr O Jl^ O ^ 



o o 

■ 

O 



Variety, — Arms as before. With two scrolls and a 
Tudor rose on the top, and " M. D.," probably the initials 
of the designer, below. A dragon and a greyhound 
support the shield, which is ensigned with a Royal crown 
and flanked by two portcullises chained. 

On the border are lions passant guardant and fleurs- 
de-lys alternately. 

{Dialogues in English, London, 1532.] 



17 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 






pibxfStws i^ 




o 



mnaoutlg 



Variety. — Arms as before. Within the Garter, 
ensigned with a Royal crown and flanked by the Tudor 
emblems of a Tudor rose, a fleur-de-lys, the gateway of 
the Castle of De Beaufort, and the cleft pomegranate of 
Aragon. 

Legend, — On the rectangular borders. Deus dat 

NOBIS TUAM PACEM ET POST MORTEM VITAM ETERNAM 
AMEN. 

[England. Le bregement des Estatuts, London, 152 1.] 



218 



Henry VIII 




Variety. — Arms and supporters as before. With the 
sun and moon in the two upper corners and the shields 
of St. George and the City of London. Ensigned with 
a Royal crown of incorrect pattern. 

This design was probably used by Royal consent by 
members of the Stationers' Company of London, and there 
are many examples of it on which are also engraved the 
initials of London printers and publishers, e.g. "J. R.," 
probably John Reynes ; " J. N.," probably Jean Norins ; 
" G. G.," probably Garret Godfrey ; " R. L.," probably 
Richard Lant, and several more. 

These initials are usually shown at the base of the 
shield. Cf. under heading Tudor. 



219 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Prince Henry (born 28th June 1491, died 28th January 1547) was the 
second son of Henry VII., and in 1509 succeeded his father on the throne 
of England. Henry VIII. always lived in much luxury and loved finery 
and splendour, and to a certain extent this feeling shows in the many 
beautiful bindings which were made for him. The King was certainly 
fond of his books, and he had several of them beautifully bound in velvet 
and embroidered with pearls and inlays of coloured «silks and satins, finished 
with gold thread. Others are of gold, richly worked and enamelled. 

For his Queens also several fine bindings were made ; these, however, 
were generally armorial panel stamps, impressed without gold. He married 
six times. For Catherine of Aragon bindings were made which still exist, 
for Anne Bullen and Catherine Parr, the same, but for Jane Seymour, 
Anne of Cleves, or Katherine Howard I know of no bindings recorded or 
in existence. Katherine Parr is said to have herself embroidered a 
beautiful armorial velvet-bound copy of Petrarch with her own arms, and 
at the Bodleian Library at Oxford there is a book said to have been 
embroidered for her by the Princess Elizabeth, on which are the initials 
"K. P." 

Thomas Berthelet, the first English bookbinder to use gold tooling was 
made Royal Printer and Bookbinder to Henry VIII. in 1530, and he 
bound the greater number of the Royal books in leather, velvet, or satin. 

Henry VIII. used the same coat-of-arms and supporters as his father, 
namely, the red dragon of Cadwallader as a dexter supporter and the white 
greyhound of the Nevills as a sinister supporter, until 1528, when he 
adopted a golden lion rampant royally crowned as his dexter supporter, and 
moved the dragon to the sinister side, leaving out the greyhound altogether. 
This change, however, does not, as far as I know, show on any book, but 
it can be seen on the gold coins of the period, and also on a sculptured 
compartment at Caerhays, is common at the house of a member of the 
Trevanion family, and again on the keystone of the ceiling over the organ- 
loft at St. George's Chapel, Windsor, and here, moreover, the date 1528 is 
also given. 



220 



Henry Benedict, Cardinal York 




HENRY BENEDICT, CARDINAL YORK 



Arms. — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th grand quarters, France and England 

quarterly. 
2nd grand quarter, Scotland. 
3rd grand quarter, Ireland. 
All as used by James I. (q.v.). Over all a crescent 
for difFerence. Ensigned with a Royal crown and the 
tasselled hat of a cardinal. 



221 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Note, — This stamp was probably designed and cut 
after 1788, at which date the Cardinal entitled himself 
King of England. 

[Stellato. Ad frequentem in Jidei controversiis 
interrogattonem^ etc, Viennae, 1752.] 

Henry Benedict (born 5th March 1725, died 13th July 1807) ^^^ ^^e 
second son of James Francis Edward, called the Chevalier St. George, 
son of James II., King of England, and Mary of Modena, who married 
Mary Clementina, daughter of James Sobieski, in 17 19. 

Prince Henry, who occasionally used the Royal Crown of England 
over his coat-of-arms, is called sometimes Henry IX., King of England. 
He entered the Romish Church as a priest at an early age, and in 1747 he 
was made a Cardinal by Benedict XIV., and held several Bishoprics and 
the Archbishopric of Corinth, but was usually known as Cardinal York. 
He assumed certain airs of dignity abroad in consequence of his Royal 
ancestry and claims, and in 1788, on the death of his elder brother, he had 
a medal made and inscribed " Henricus nonus magnae britanniae 

REX." 

The Cardinal lived almost always abroad, and suffered much by loss of 
revenue caused by the French Revolution ; he had to part with much of 
his private property, jewels, and plate. At this juncture George III. 
generously assisted Cardinal York, and made him a handsome allow- 
ance, in gratitude for which His Eminence bequeathed to the Prince of 
Wales, afterwards George IV., many of the Crown Jewels which James 
II. had taken with him to France. Some of the most important of these 
stones now adorn the English Imperial Crown. The Cardinal had a large 
library, and several of his books are at Windsor and at the British 
Museum. The majority of these are in leather, but some are embroidered. 



222 



Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales 




HENRY FREDERICK, PRINCE OF WALES 

Arms, — Quarterly ; i st and 4th grand quarters, France 
and 'England quarterly ; 2nd grand quarter, Scotland \ 3rd 
grand quarter, Ireland, All as used by James I. (q.v.) ; 
and over all a label arg. of three points. 

A variety of this stamp has thistles instead of roses in 
the border. 

[Apollonius Gallus. Exsuscitata Apollonii Pergaei 

IIEPI EIIA^llN Geometria, Parisiis, 1600.] 

223 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety. — Arms as before. Within the garter, and 
ensigned with a Princely coronet. 

[ViTTORi. Tesoro de las tres lenguas Francesa^ Ita liana ^ 
ej Espanola, Geneve, 1609.] 



224 



Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales 



A Prince of 
Wales*s triple 
ostrich plume, 
commonly used 
as a corner stamp, 
all impressed in 
silver. 

[Alunno. 
Delia Fahrica del 

Mondo. 
Venetia, 1575.] 




flA^ 


^^Sm 


^m 


^^^Etij&i2£^^^^ 


^^1 |@7 



A Prince of Wales's 
triple ostrich plume ; 
the coronet, ribs of 
feathers, and motto 
generally impressed 
in gold, the feathers 
in silver. Used 
mostly as a centre 
stanip. 

[Lipsius. Admiranda, 
Antverpiae, 1599.] 



225 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




A Badge of a 
Tudor rose, with 
princely coronet. 

[Boccaccio. 

/ casi degV Huomini 

Illustri, 

Fiorenza, 1598.] 



A Badge of a lion 
rampant guardant, 
with princely coro- 
net, always im- 
pressed entirely in 
gold. 

[Reusnerus. 
BA^IAIKHN opus ge- 
nealogkum Catholicum 
de praecipuis familiis 

Imperatorum, 
Francofurti, 1592.] 




Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales 




A Badge of a fleur-de-lys. 

[Baretus. An Alvearie^ or triple Dictionarie, 
London, 1573.] 



Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (born 19th February 1594, died 
6th November 16 12), was the eldest son of James I., and from his 
childhood showed studious and literary inclinations, as well as sporting 
tastes. In 1609 he purchased the library of John, Lord Lumley, a great 
part of which had previously belonged to his father-in-law, Henry Fitz- 
Alan, Earl of Arundel, and another large proportion to Thomas Cranmer, 
Archbishop of Canterbury. He also acquired a number of books which 
had belonged to a Welshman, John Maurice or Morris. 

On the Prince's death his library became the property of James I., and 
it was added to the existing Royal Library, then under the care of Patrick 
Young. 

Prince Henry had his books bound in calf, and probably destroyed 

227 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

numbers of valuable old bindings which were originally used. The new 
bindings were ornamented with stamps bearing the Prince's coat-of-arms, 
without supporters, and others showing a lion rampant, with princely 
coronet ; a Tudor rose, with princely coronet ; a fleur-de-lys, and two 
stamps, with slight variations, of the Prince of Wales's plume of three 
ostrich feathers. These latter stamps are normally used as corner-pieces, 
but they also show now and then as centres. Smaller corner stamps 
are found showing coroneted Tudor roses, coroneted thistles, coroneted 
fleurs-de-lys, and Prince of Wales's feathers in gold. On the panels of 
the backs of Prince Henry's books are found small stamps of a Hon 
rampant, with princely coronet ; a unicorn rampant ; a Tudor rose ; a 
portcullis, sometimes chained, and a Royal Crown. These are arranged 
in various combinations. 

The greater number of Prince Henry's bindings are simple, having 
the coat-of-arms in the centre and the badges in the corners, but several 
are very handsomely ornamented with accessory gold tooling. The label 
shown on Prince Henry's coat-of-arms is the cadency mark of the eldest 
son ; it is generally impressed in silver, as it ought always to be. The 
feathers in the Prince of Wales's plume are always impressed in silver, 
which has now oxidised black. Prince Henry's library came to the British 
Museum with the rest of the Old Royal Library of England in 1757. 



228 



Sir Christopher Heydon 




HEYDON, SIR CHRISTOPHER, KNIGHT 

Crest — A talbot statant erm. Heydon, 
Note, — Painted. 

[Cicero. Orationum volumen primum^ etc. 
Venetiis, 1540.] 

Christopher Heydon (born circ. 1550, died circ. 1623) was the son of 
Sir William Heydon of Bacousthorpe, Norfolk. He was educated at 
Cambridge. In 1588 he represented Norfolk in the House of Commons, 
and in 1596 he was knighted by the Earl of Essex. Sir Christopher 
Heydon wrote some treatises on astrology. He married first Mirabel 
Rivet, and secondly Anne Dodge, and left a large family. 



229 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



5^a:i*>: 




STOURHEAD 
LIBRARY. 



HOARE, SIR RICHARD COLT, BARONET 

Crest, — An eagle's head erased arg. Hoare, 

[HoARE. Catalogue of Books on Italian Topography^ etc, 
London, 1812.] 



Richard Colt Hoare (born 9th December 1758, died 19th May 1838) 
was the son of Sir Richard Hoare of Barn Elms, Surrey, a banker. 
Mr. Hoare worked for a time in the family bank, and then, having 
a competent fortune, he travelled much on the Continent. In 1787 
he succeeded his father in the baronetcy. Sir Richard Hoare wrote a 
large number of works on antiquities and travel, the most important 
of which is the Ancient History of North and South TViltshire^ published at 
London in 18 10. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and of the 
Society of Antiquaries. At his house "Stourhead" Sir Richard had a 
large library, much of which he catalogued himself. 



230 



Francis Horton 




FRANCIS HORTON 

Arms, — Sa., a stag's head cabossed arg., attired or. 
A crescent for difference. Horton. 

Crest, — A spear erect or, headed arg., enfiled with a 
dolphin of the first. 

Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

[Songs by Several Masters, 1704, etc.] 

Francis Horton, a member of an old family belonging to Catton, 
county Derby, was a collector of musical works in the eighteenth century. 

231 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





/M(^5^ 


1*^^ 




/y^^5j^^^ili(^^ 




^B 






M 


Wm 




mM 


S^^^'^' 


W^^'oJSw::?^ 


\c^// *w \ v\^ 


^^^ ¥_\>>) 




^■SIR N>niEV^y 


/ 









HOWARD, CHARLES, SECOND BARON 
HOWARD OF EFFINGHAM 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

1. Gu., on a bend between 3 cross crosslets fitchee 
arg., an escutcheon or, charged with a demi lion 
rampant, pierced through the mouth with an 
arrow, within a tressure flory counterflory of the 
first. Howard, 

2. Gu., 3 lions passant guardant in pale or, in chief 

a label of 3 points arg. Br other ton, 

232 



Charles Howard 

3. Chequy, or and az. Warren, 

4. Gu., a lion rampant or, armed and langued az. 

Fitz-Alan, 

A mullet for difference. 

Crest, — On a chapeau gu., turned up erm., a lion 
passant, ducally crowned or, and charged on the neck 
with a label and a mullet. 

Helmet, — That of a Peer. 

Supporters, — Two lions erm., each charged with a 
mullet. 

Motto, — Desir na repos. 

[Caradoc. Historie of Cambria. London, 1584.] 

Charles Howard (born c. 1536, died 14th December 1624) was the 
eldest son of William Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham, Lord High 
Admiral of England. Charles Howard was a person of importance from 
an early age, and was sent by Queen Elizabeth on an Embassy to France. 
He was Member of Parliament for Surrey, and a general officer in the 
army as well as being a sailor. In 1574 he was made a Knight of the 
Garter and Lord Chamberlain of the Household, and in 1573 he 
succeeded to his father's barony. 

Lord Howard of Effingham became Lord High Admiral of England 
in succession to the Earl of Lincoln, and in 1588 he defeated and dispersed 
the Spanish Armada. At the time of the coronation of James I. Lord 
Howard became Lord High Steward of England. 



233 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




HOWARD, HENRY, EARL OF 
NORTHAMPTON 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

1. Gu., a bend between six crosses crosslet fitchee 

arg. Howard. 

2. Gu., 3 lions passant guardant in pale or, in chief 

a label of 3 points arg. Brotherton, 

3. Chequy, or and az. Warren, 

234 



Henry Howard 

4. Gu., a lion rampant or, langued and armed az. 
FitZ'Alan. 
A crescent for difference. 
Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

[Marsilius. Interpretatione^ etc. Jenae, 1586.] 

Henry Howard (born 25th February 1539, died 15th June 1614) was 
the second son of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, who was beheaded in 
1547. Henry Howard the younger was restored in blood by Queen 
Elizabeth, and on the accession of James I. he quickly became a person 
of much importance. He was made a Member of the Privy Council, 
Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Constable of Dover Castle. 

In 1604 Mr. Howard was created Earl of Northampton and a 
Knight of the Garter, and in 1608, Lord Privy Seal. Lord Northampton 
was a man of much learning, and wrote several treatises on astrology 
and theology. He had much taste in knowledge as to architecture, and 
built Northumberland House from the designs of Moses Glover. 



'^ZS 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




HOWARD, THOMAS, EARL OF ARUNDEL, 
SURREY, AND NORFOLK 

Arms, — Gu., on a bend between six crosses crosslet 
fitchee arg., an escutcheon or, thereon a demi lion 
rampant, pierced through the mouth with an arrow, 
within a double tressure flory counterflory of the first. 
Howard. 

Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

Legend, — Bibliotheca arvndeliana. 

Note, — A nineteenth-century stamp. 

[Lydgate. Siege of Troy, Arundel MS. 99.] 

236 



Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel 

Thomas Howard (born c. 1585, died 24th September 1646) was the 
son of Philip, Earl of Arundel, who was attainted and died in 1595. 
James I. restored his father's titles to Thomas Howard, but not the 
property, much of which, however, he subsequently purchased ; and in 
1644 he was created Earl of Norfolk in addition. He was a descendant 
of Henry Fitz-Alan, Earl of Arundel, who had also been a great book 
collector, and whose library had been largely acquired by Henry, Prince 
of Wales. 

Lord Arundel travelled largely and made very valuable collections 
of all sorts of antiquities, manuscripts particularly ; but as well as these 
he acquired marbles, coins, gems, and pictures. Among the more 
notable of the collections of manuscripts purchased by Lord Arundel 
was that made by the Pirckheimer family of Nuremberg. The manu- 
scripts were for some time kept at Arundel House, where they suffered 
much from neglect, and in 1666 most of them were given to the Royal 
Society and others to the Heralds' College. 

In 1 83 1 the Arundelia MSS. in the Royal Society's library were 
transferred, by arrangement, to the British Museum. Lord Arundel was 
made a Knight of the Garter in 161 1 ; in 161 6 he became a Member 
of the Privy Council ; and in 1621 he was restored to his hereditary post 
of Earl Marshal. He was also High Steward of England. 



237 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




HUTCHINSON, THOMAS 

Arms, — Per pale gu. and az., a lion rampant between '^'T^, 
three crosses crosslet arg}) Hutchinson, 

Crest. — A cockatrice, wings expanded az., comb, 
wattles, and members or, issuing from a heraldic coronet. 

Motto, FORTITER GERIT CRUCEM. 

[D * ^ *. Satyres sur les Femmes, 171 8.] 

Thomas Hutchinson (born May 1698, died February 1769) was a 
son of Peter Hutchinson of Cornforth, Durham. He was educated at 
Oxford, and entered the Church about 1730. In 1731 he was Rector of 
Lyndon in Rutland, and in 1748 he was Vicar of Horsham, Rector of 
Cocking, and a Prebendary of Chichester. 

Dr. Hutchinson edited a few editions of the classics, and published 
several sermons and a few essays, particularly one on Demoniacal 
Possession. 

238 



James I. 




JAMES I., KING OF ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, 
FRANCE, AND IRELAND 

Arms. — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 
1st and 4th grand quarters, quarterly. 

I and 4. Az., 3 fleurs-de-lys, 2 and i, or. France. 
239 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

2 and 3. Gu., 3 lions passant guardant in pale 
or, langued and unguled az. England, 
2nd grand quarter ; or, a lion rampant within a 

double tressure flory counterflory gu. Scotland. 
3rd grand quarter ; az., a harp or, stringed arg. 
Ireland, 
Ensigned with a Royal Crown. 

Supporters. — Dexter, a lion or, royally crowned ppr. 
EnglafhL 
Sinister, a unicorn arg., armed, crined, unguled or, 
gorged with a princely coronet, a chain affixed 
thereto, passing between the forelegs, and 
reflexed over the back of the last. Scotland. 

Motto. DiEV ET MON DROIT. 

Initials. — I. R. (Jacobus Rex). 

The thistle, the badge of Scotland, shows at the base. 

[CoQUAEUS. Apologia pro summis ecclesiae Romanae 
Pontijicibus^ etc. Mediolani, 1619.] 



240 



James L 




Variety. — With vine spray and a thistle at the top. 
[Godwin. Rerum Anglicarum Annales. London, 1616.] 



241 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety, — With an ornamental border containing the 

falcon badge of Queen Anne Bullen and Queen Elizabeth, 

242 



James I. 

the triple ostrich plume of the Prince of Wales, the 
fleur-de-lys of France, the portcullis of the De Beauforts, 
and the Tudor rose. A thistle of Scotland at the top. 

[Du Bellay. Memoires, Parisiis, 1569.] 




Variety, — Without supporters. 

[T. Bradwardini. Arch. Cantuariensis de causa Dei 
contra Pelagium, London, t6i8.] 

243 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety, — Without supporters. 
[BovERius. Orthodoxa Consultatio, Matriti, 1623.] 



244 



James I. 



The badge of a Tudor 
rose, arg. and gu., reeded 
or and leaved vert, royally 
crowned, with sprays of 
rose leaves. 

[Perkins. Works, 
Cambridge, 1603.] 





The badge of a Tudor 
rose, as before, royally 
crowned, within a lozenge 
of laurel leaves. 

[^Christian Dictionarie, 
London, 161 2.] 



245 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

James Stuart (born 19th June 1566, died 27th March 1625) was the 
son of Mary, Queen of Scotland, and Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. He 
was great-grandson of the Princess Margaret, eldest daughter of Henry 
VII., who had married James IV., King of Scotland, in 1502, and by right 
of this descent James came into the line of succession of the English throne. 
On the dethronement of Queen Mary in 1569, under the- Regency of 
the Earl of Murray, James became King of Scotland under the title of 
James VI., and reigned for thirty-four years until the death of his cousin, 
Queen Elizabeth, in 1603, when he inherited the English crown and 
c^me to England as James I. 

On the accession of James I., a greater change took place in the 
English Royal coat-of-arms than had ever occurred before. The old coat, 
France and England quarterly, which had practically been in use ever since 
the time of Edward III., now became only a quartering, and was shown 
in the first and fourth quarters, then in the second quarter James put the 
ancient coat-of-arms of Scotland, or, a lion rampant, within a double tressure 
flory counterflory gu. 

The lion appears for the first time on the shield of Alexander II., and 
it is supposed to have been derived from the ancestors of the Scottish 
kings, the Earls of Northumberland and of Huntingdon, whose device it 
was. The tressure is also of doubtful origin, and is also very ancient ; 
it is popularly supposed to have been given by Charlemagne in recog- 
nition of a league between that monarch and Achaius, King of Scot- 
land. The double tressure is presumed to indicate that there were two 
treaties. 

In the third quarter is the coat-of-arms of Ireland, az., a harp or, 
stringed arg. This harp appears on an illuminated manuscript that 
belonged to Elizabeth, and is said to have been granted to Ireland by 
Henry VIII. as a mark of his admiration for the musical qualities of the 
Irish. It also is used as a badge on Irish coins of and after 1526, and this 
single harp was increased to three in similar coins made during Elizabeth's 
reign. The harp was sacred to Apollo Grian or Beal, an ancient Irish 
deity. Irish silver groats of 1478 show the device of three crowns in pale, 
and this was probably the coat-of-arms of Ireland at that time, and before 
that, in 1422, a single crown is found as a badge. 

It is curious to note the strong tendency of single devices or badges to 
merge into threes. It occurs first in the case of the single crown, which 
presently gets tripled, then the single harp does the same, and the three 
castles, the arms of Dublin, very likely began as onel 

246 



James I. 



James I. made one more important change ; he substituted one of the 
Scottish unicorn supporters for the red dragon of Cadwallader, used as a 
dexter supporter by Henry VIII., Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth. 
The ancient Scottish supporters were two unicorns arg., armed, maned, 
and unguled, gorged with a princely coronet and chained or. The origin 
of the unicorn supporters is lost, but the creature is generally considered to 
be an emblem of purity and of freedom ; the horn, moreover, was credited 
with medical powers as a remedy against poisons. The idea of an animal 
bearing a single horn arose probably from the horn of the narwhal, which 
has diagonal striations upon it resembling those generally shown on the 
horn of a unicorn, and certainly does not look like the tooth of a fish. 
On the other hand cups made of rhinosceros horn are credited with the 
same magical powers as that of the unicorn. The chain attached to a 
princely coronet on the neck of the unicorn is not easy to explain ; it is 
said that it alludes to an early king of Scotland, who, as a young man, 
accidentally killed his father, and bore the chain ever afterwards on his 
supporters as a sign of grief. 

The lion and the unicorn have remained ever since the time of James 
I. as the supporters of the English Royal coat-of-arms, without any change 
whatever. 

In Scotland James VI. had John Gibson for his bookbinder. He was 
appointed under the Privy Seal, and was "Our Soverane Lordis Buikbinder," 
but there is no binding left that can with certainty be attributed to him. 
On James's advent to England John and Roger Norton and Robert 
and Christopher Barker were made Royal binders and printers, and in 
1604 John and Abraham Bateman were made "Bookbinders to the 
King." 

The many fine armorial bindings which were used by James I. were 
probably made by one or other of these binders, but for the present no 
signed binding has been found, so the authorship of any one of them is 
only conjectural. 

The main characteristic of the finer bindings made for James I. is the 
form of ornamentation known as a semis, that is to say, a powdering all 
over the field of small stamps arranged symmetrically near together. The 
commonest of these small stamps show stars, flaming hearts, ermine spots, 
roses, thistles, pineapples, tridents, fleurs-de-lys, and lions, but there are 
several others. Another characteristic is the presence of large corner 
stamps. These are cut in arabesque designs, and many of them are very 
handsome. The idea of corner ornamentation of this sort began late in 

247 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Queen Elizabeth's reign, but it did not reach its highest excellence in 
stamp form until well into the reign of James I. 

James I. was the first sovereign to have his books mainly bound in 
morocco, and this leather is found in most quiet colours — greens and 
browns and blues, but not red. Several beautiful volumes are also bound 
in vellum, and others in velvet and satin. The Jacobean period was a 
decorative one, but not one of the highest level of the art of bookbinding. 
The greater number of James I.'s books came to the British Museum 
by gift of George II. in 1757, with the rest of the Old Royal Library of 
England. 



248 



James II. 



! 

mm 




fe 


O^^vfi 


Y 


V-4 p'^^^ 


viiwi/r^ ^ 




^ 

^^r 


^m/ 


^ 






^.MOliiS^^ 



JAMES II., KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, 
FRANCE, AND IRELAND 



Arms, — Within the Garter. Quartered. 

1st and 4th grand quarters, quarterly, France 
and England. 

2nd grand quarter, Scotland. 

3rd grand quarter, Ireland. 

As used by James I. (q.v.). 

Crest. — A Royal crown ppr., thereon a lion statant 

guardant or, crowned ppr. 

Helmet. — Royal. 

249 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Supporters. — A lion and a unicorn as used by James 
I. (q.v.). 

Motto, DiEV ET MON DROIT. 

Used from 1685 until 1689, when James II. was 
deposed. 

\Ordnance Rules. 1 683-1 685. Stowe MS. 442.] 



250 



James II 




Variety, — Used in France from 1689 until 1701. 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th, England. 

2nd, Scotland. 

3rd, Ireland. 

Colours as used by James I. (q.v.). Ensigned with 

the Royal Crown, and between two palm branches. 

In this coat James has left out the coat of France, 

probably out of courtesy to the French King, Louis XIV., 

251 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

who had given him asylum at St. Germains. It is re- 
markable that this coat -of- arms subsequently became 
that used by Queen Victoria in 1837. 

[La Renommee qui pub lie le Bonheur de P Europe sous le regne 
de y deques . . . Roy de la Grande Bretagne. 1688.] 

[E. Almack, Esq., F.S.A., Brighton.] 



252 



James II. 




Variety, — Within the Garter. Used in France from 
1689 until 1 70 1. The same curious coat-of-arms as in 
the preceding plate. 

[Traite des obligations des Chretiens, Paris, 1699.] 

[E. Almack, Esq., F.S.A., Brighton.] 



'2'SZ 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Used as Duke of York. 

Initials. — J. D. Qacobus Dux). Ensigned with a 
princely coronet, and within two palm branches. 

This cypher occurs in corners of books, and it appears 
to have been designed so that either the D or the J is 
always properly visible. It is found in conjunction with 
the two C's of Charles II., which also show clearly either 
way up. 

\Ser. Jacobi Stuarti et Mariae Beatricis Estiae . . . 
epithalamium, Londini, 1673.] 

254 



James II 



James, Duke of York (born 14th October 1633, died i6th September 
1 701), was the second son of Charles I. He succeeded his brother Charles 
II. in 1685. James 11. had a short and troubled reign, chiefly because 
he had Roman Catholic tendencies, and ultimately joined that faith. The 
feeling in favour of Protestantism in England was very determined, and 
the nation ultimately invited William, Prince of Orange, who had married 
James's elder daughter Mary and was a strong Protestant, to come and 
accept the throne. This he did, and in 1689 James was deposed and 
William became King in his stead. 

James fled to France where he lived for the rest of his life, and the 
book-stamps that he had made at this time do not include the French 
coat. He was known as the Duke of York, but nevertheless his book- 
stamps show a Royal Crown. James's second wife, Mary of Modena, was 
a Roman Catholic and strongly influenced his views. He died at St. 
Germains, Paris, at the age of seventy. 



^55 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




JAMES FRANCIS EDWARD, 
PRINCE OF WALES 

Arms, — Quartered. 

I St and 4th grand quarters, quarterly, France and 

England. 

2nd grand quarter, Scotland. 

3rd grand quarter, Ireland. 

As used by James I. (q.v.). Ensigned with a princely 

coronet. 

Note, — A foreign stamp. 

[Gervaise. La vie de Saint Martin^ Eveque de Tours, 

Tours, 1699.] 
256 



James Francis Edward 



James Francis Edward (born loth June 1688, died ist January 
1766) was the eldest son of James II. and his second wife, Mary of 
Modena. He was born before his father became King of England. t/^A^rv^^ 
Prince James, who is known as the Old Pretender in distinction to V*^>'^-^^ ^ 
his son Charles Edward, the Young Pretender, is also known as the ' ^^ '^ 
Chevalier St. George. His history is an unhappy one from his birth. 
On his father's death in 1701 at St. Germains he was proclaimed James 
III. of England and VIII. of Scotland, but by the Act of Settlement made 
in the same year the Stuarts were cut out of the succession to the English 
throne. 

The Chevalier St. George spent his life in fruitless endeavours to make 
good his claim to the English throne. His character appears to have been 
wanting in most of the qualities that make for success, and towards the 
latter part of his life his misfortunes so preyed upon him that he gave way 
to unworthy dissipations. 



257 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





^ 


^ 


^W^C'\ 


^s- 


^^ 


r%^ 




;X; 


<^ 


ftM 


HKi5 


^(M 


^f* 


#i^ 


:VZJs 


^^j^%^M 



KEMP, THOMAS READ 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; gu., 3 garbs within a bordure 

engrailed or. Kempe, 
2nd and 3rd ; sa., 3 crescents arg., 2 and i. Read, 

\Alliances genealogiques de France, Paris, 1561.] 

Thomas Read Kemp (born c. 1781, died 20th December 1844) ^^s 
the son of Thomas Kemp, Member of Parliament for Lewes, who married 
Ann Read of Brookland. Mr. Kemp was educated at Cambridge, and 
in 181 1 he represented Lewes in the House of Commons. He sold his 
castles at Lewes and at Hurstmonceaux and built largely near Brighton, 
where the district known as Kemp Town was founded by him. He 
spent all his fortune in this speculation, which, however, in time became 
of great value. 

The family of Kemp or Kempe is one of great antiquity in Kent. 
John Kempe, Archbishop of Canterbury in the fifteenth century, and his 
nephew Thomas Kempe, Bishop of London, both belonged to it. The 
immediate ancestor of Mr. T. R. Kemp was Sir Thomas Kempe of 
Olantigh, near Ashford, an estate which had belonged to the family since 
the time of Edward I. 

258 



John Ker, Duke of Roxburghe 




KER, JOHN, THIRD DUKE OF ROXBURGHE 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; vert., on a chevron between 3 
unicorns' heads erased arg., armed and maned 
or, as many mullets sa. Ker, 
2nd and 3rd ; gu., 3 mascles or. Weapont, 
Coronet. — That of a Duke. 

Supporters, — Two savage men, wreathed about the 
head and waist with laurel, each holding, with the 
exterior hand, a club resting upon the shoulder, all ppr. 
Motto, — Pro christo et patria. 

\The Roxburghe Ballads?^ 
259 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 






Variety. — Without Supporters. 

[Onosander. Strategicus. Lut. Parisiorum, 1599.] 

John Ker (born 23rd April 1740, died 19th March 1804) was the 
elder son of Robert Ker, second Duke of Roxburghe. He succeeded his 
father in the title in 1755. The Duke brought together a splendid 
library, among which was the special collection of ballads which are now 
known by his name. The ballads were at first collected by Robert 
Harley, and they were largely added to by a Mr. West and by Major 
T. Pearson, and after the entire collection had been purchased by the 
Duke of Roxburghe he continued adding to it himself. 

In 18 1 2 the Duke's library was sold and the books widely scattered ; 
the ballads, however, in 1845 were acquired for the British Museum at 
the sale of the books of Mr. B. H. Bright. The Duke of Roxburghe 
was a Knight of the Garter, and also a Knight of the Thistle. He was a 
Lord of the Bedchamber and a Privy Councillor. 

The Roxburghe Club of Edinburgh was founded in honour of the 
Duke in 18 12. 



260 



William Kerr, Earl of Lothian 




KERR, WILLIAM, EARL OF LOTHIAN 

Arms. — Gu., on a chevron arg., 3 mullets of the 
field. Kerr, 

Coronet. — That of an Earl. 

Supporters. — Two bucks, each gorged with a collar 
arg., charged with 3 mullets gu. 

Motto. SORS MEA DEXTRA DEI. 

[Bacon. Of the advancement and projicience of Learning. 

Oxford, 1640.] 
261 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

William Kerr (born c. 1605, died October 1675) was the son of 
Robert Kerr, first Earl of Ancrum, and in 1631 he was created Earl of 
Lothian. In that year he had married Anne, Countess of Lothian in 
her own right, and there was some litigation about the title. The Earl 
was at the Battle of Newbury in 1643 » ^^ ^^^ Governor of Newcastle, 
and a man of much political importance. He was a Commissioner of the 
Treasury in Scotland, and Lieu tenant-General of the Scottish army in 
Ireland. In 1642 he went to France for the purpose of considering the 
position of the Scottish Guard at the French Court. 

Lord Lothian was one of the commissioners sent by the Scottish 
Parliament to protest against the proceedings against Charles I., and he 
also served on several of the commissions which were appointed about 
that time concerning the Restoration of Charles II. 



262 



John Gardiner Kinnear 




KINNEAR, JOHN GARDINER 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; sa., on a bend or, 3 martlets vert., a 

bordure of the second. Kinnear, 
2nd and 3rd ; arg., on a fret gu., 4 hearts, one 
in each angle, gu., and in every interstice a 
rose of the second. Gardiner, 
Crest, — An anchor in pale az. 
Motto, — Spem fortuna alit. 



[Bannatyne Club. The Palice of Honour, 

Edinburgh, 1827.] 
263 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

John Gardiner Kinnear was a banker of Edinburgh. He was a 
member of the Bannatyne Club, to which he was admitted in 1826. 

The Kinnears were well known as a family of bankers, and they 
also had literary tastes. The particular book from which I have taken 
the accompanying coat-of-arms is one that was presented to the 
Bannatyne Club in 1827, and reprinted in that year for Mr. J. G. 
Kinnear. The text is taken from a rare book written by Gawyn 
Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, called The Police of Honour^ and " Imprentit 
at Edinburgh be Johne Ros, for Henric Charteris, Anno 1579." 



264 



William Laud 




LAUD, WILLIAM, ARCHBISHOP OF 
CANTERBURY 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Az., an archiepiscopal staff, headed with 

a cross pattee or, surmounted by a pall arg., 

charged with 4 crosses pattee fitchee sa., fringed 

and edged or. See of Canterbury. 

Sinister : Sa., on a chevron or, between 3 estoiles of 

265 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

6 points of the second, as many crosses pattee 
iitchee gu. hand. 

[Laud. A relation of the Conference between William Lawd 
. . . and Mr. Fisher the fesuite^ etc, London, 1639.] 

William Laud (born 7th October 1573, ^^^^ ^^^ January 1645) was 
the son of William Laud of Reading. After leaving Reading he went to 
Oxford and entered the Church, and quickly came into notice as a theologian. 
He was supposed to favour Romish doctrines. After enjoying several 
minor appointments, Laud was made Dean of Gloucester in 1616, and by 
this time he was high in the favour of James L, who in 1621 promoted 
him to the Bishopric of St. David's. 

Under Charles L Laud acquired still more importance. In 1626 he 
was made Dean of the Chapel Royal, and next year a member of the Privy 
Council, and in 1628 he became Bishop of London. In 1629 Laud was 
Chancellor of the University of Oxford, and in 1633 he was made Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. Archbishop Laud was impeached for treason in 
1641 ; he underwent his trial in 1644, and an ordinance of attainder was 
passed in the next year. Although Laud had in his possession a pardon 
from the king, he was beheaded on Tower Hill in 1645. He wrote 
a large number of books, mainly theological or historical. Several of his 
books are in the library at Lambeth Palace, and others are in the British 
Museum. 



266 



James Ley, Earl of Marlborough 




LEY, JAMES, EARL OF MARLBOROUGH 

Arms, — Arg., a chevron between 3 seals' heads couped 
sa. Ley. 

The Ulster hand gu., on an escutcheon arg., in the 
chief point of the chevron. 

Crest, — A lion sejant or. 

Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

Used between 1620 and 1625. 

[Brutus Abbreviatus, Add. MS. 34,266.] 

267 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

James Ley (born c. 1550, died 14th March 1628) was the son of Henry 
Ley of Teffont Ewias, Wilts. He was educated as a lawyer, and attained 
great eminence in that profession. In 1605 he became Chief-Justice of 
the King's Bench in Ireland, and in 1620 he was made a Baronet, and 
next year Chief-Justice of the King's Bench in England. 

In 1625 Sir James Ley was created Baron Ley, and became Lord 
Treasurer of England, and in 1626 he was created Earl of Marlborough 
and President of the Council. Lord Marlborough had a high reputation 
as a lawyer and as a judge, and he was the author of several works on 
history and law. 



268 



David Lindsay 




LINDSAY, DAVID, BARON LINDSAY 
OF BALCARRES 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; gu, a fess chequy, arg. and az. 

Lindsay, 

2nd and 3rd ; or, a lion rampant gu., debruised of 

a ribbon in bend sa. Abernethy. 

All within a bordure of the third, semee of stars or. 

Crest. — A tent ppr., semee of stars or, with astra 

CASTRA on a fillet. 

269 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Helmet, — That of a Peer. 

Supporters, — Two lions sejant guardant gu., gorged or. 

Motto, NvMEN LVMEN MVNIMEN. 

Legend, — David dominvs lyndesay de balcarres. 

\Books at Haigh Hally IVigan,'] 

[The Earl of Crawford, Haigh Hall, Wigan.] 



/^>i 


5o\ 


/^J 




1^ lM 


^n^ >4\ 


rjffl 


1^^ v] 




Sy 





Crest, — A tent ppr., semee of stars or, with astra 

CASTRA. 

[Booh at Haigh Hall,, JVigan,'\ 
[The Earl of Crawford, Haigh Hall, Wigan.] 

David Lindsay (born c. 1586, died March 1640) was the son of John 
Lindsay, Lord Menmuir, second son of the ninth Earl of Crawford. 
David Lindsay succeeded his brother John in 1601, and in 161 2 he was 
knighted. In 1633 he was created Baron Lindsay of Balcarres. He was 
the ancestor of the present Earl of Crawford. Lord Lindsay was a firm 
adherent of Charles L He was fond of books and literature, besides being 
a man of science and scientific pursuits generally. 

270 



David Lloyd 




LLOYD, DAVID, DEAN OF ST. ASAPH 

Arms. — Gu., 3 boars' heads erased in pale arg. 
Lloyd, 

Crest, — Out of an heraldic coronet a boar's head 
erased arg. 

Motto, — Dare quam accipere. 

[Porta. Natural Magick, London, 1658;] 



David Lloyd (born 1597, died 7th September 1663) was the son of 
David Lloyd of Llanidloes, Montgomery. He was educated at Oxford, and 
took orders about 1628. Dr. Lloyd was chaplain to the Earl of Derby, 
and held several benefices in Wales, and in 1660 was made Dean of St. 
Asaph. He wrote a well-known book called The Legend of Captain Jones^ 
which was published in London in 1631. This remarkable work went 
through several editions, many of which were curiously added to and 
altered by successive editors or re- writers. 

271 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 




LOCKER, EDWARD HAWKE 

Crest, — A buck's head erased ppr. Locker. 

Motto. — Fear God and fear not. 

Initials. — E. H. L. (Edward Hawke Locker). 

[Descrizione delle Pitture che trovansi in alcune citta dello 
Stato Ligure. Genova, 1780.] 

Edward Hawke Locker (born gth October 1777, died i6th October 
1849) was the son of William Locker, Captain R.N. He was educated at 
Eton, and occupied several positions of trust, until in 18 19 he was made 
Secretary to Greenwich Hospital. Mr. Locker was a Fellow of the 
Royal Society, an artist and an author, and has left a few books, chiefly 
biographical or historical. At Greenwich he inaugurated the scheme of 
making a collection of naval pictures, which has proved of the greatest 
value. His son Frederick, who assumed the additional surname of 
Lampson in 1885, afterwards became a well-known book collector. 



272 



Charles Long, Baron Farnborough 




LONG, CHARLES, BARON FARNBOROUGH 

Arms, — Sa., a lion passant arg., holding in the dexter 
paw a cross crosslet fitchee or, on a chief of the second 
3 crosses crosslet of the field. 

Coronet, — That of a Baron. 

Supporters, — Two lions reguardant arg., gouttees de 
sang, each gorged with a ducal coronet or, thereto 
pendent an escutcheon sa., charged with a cross crosslet 
arg. 

Motto, — Ingenuas suspicit artes. 

The coat is enclosed with a fillet bearing the legend 
" Tria juncta in UNO," being the motto of the Order of 

273 T 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

the Bath. This is again enclosed within the collar of 
the said Order, as worn by a Knight Grand Cross, from 
which depends the badge of the Order. 

[Letters of German Authors^ etc, Egerton MS. 2407.] 

Charles Long (born circ. 1760, died 17th January 1838) was the son of 
Beeston Long of Carshalton Park, Surrey. He was educated at Cambridge, 
and was successively Member of Parliament for Rye, Midhurst and 
Wendover, and Haslemere, and held many important offices. 

In 1800 Mr. Long became joint Secretary of the Treasury, and 
presently one of the Lords of the Treasury, and was Paymaster-General from 
181 7 until 1826, when he was created Baron Farnborough of Bromley 
Hill Place. He was a Knight Grand Cross of the Bath, and a member 
of the Privy Council. Lord Farnborough took an important part in the 
negotiations with George IV., with regard to his gift to the Nation 
of the Library of George III., and he also bequeathed a considerable 
sum of money to the Trustees of the British Museum, to augment the 
Bridgewater Fund. He was a Trustee of the British Museum, a Fellow 
of the Royal Society and of the Society of Antiquaries, and possessed a 
valuable collection of pictures and antiquities at his house, Bromley Hill 
Place, in Kent. 



274 



William Henry Lyttelton 




LYTTELTON, WILLIAM HENRY, 
BARON LYTTELTON 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

1. Arg., a chevron between 3 escallops sa. 

Lyttelton, 

2. Arg., a bend cotised sa., within a bordure 

engrailed gu. (bezantee). Westcote, 

3. Gu., a lion rampant within a bordure 

engrailed or. Barley, 

4. France and England quarterly, within a 

bordure gobony, arg. and az. By right of 

275 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

descent from Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Gilbert 
Talbot, and great-great-granddaughter of John 
of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. Plantagenet, 
Coronet, — That of a Baron. 

Supporters, — On either side a merman ppr., in his 
exterior hand a trident or. But in several instances 
of early use, a dexter Supporter alone is found. 
Motto, — Ung dieu ung roy. 

[Littleton. The first part of the Institutes of the Lawes 
of England. London, 1794.] 

[The Viscount Cobham, Hagley Hall, Stourbridge.] 

William Henry Lyttelton (born 24th December 1724, died 14th 
September 1808) was the fifth son of Sir Thomas Lyttelton, Baronet, 
who was created Viscount Cobham in 1 718. In 1776 Mr. Lyttelton was 
created Baron Westcote in the Peerage of Ireland, and on the death of his 
nephew. Sir Thomas Lyttelton, second Baron Lyttelton, he succeeded 
to the Baronetcy and the English peerage expired. 

Lord Westcote was Governor of South Carolina and of Jamaica, and 
Envoy Extraordinary to the Court of Portugal. In 1794 he was created 
Baron Lyttelton in the Peerage of England, assuming the same title as 
had become extinct by the death of his nephew in 1779. Lord Lyttelton 
was a descendant of the great lawyer, Sir Thomas Lyttelton, Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas, who wrote the celebrated treatise on Tenures, 
in the fifteenth century. 



276 



John Maitland, Earl of Lauderdale 




MAITLAND, JOHN, EARL OF LAUDERDALE 

Arms, — Or, a lion rampant dechausse, within a 
double tressure flory counterflory of fleurs-de-lys gu. 
Maitland. 

Crest. — A lion sejant affrontee gu., ducally crowned 
or, holding in the dexter paw a sword ppr., pommelled 
and hiked or, in the sinister paw a fleur-de-lys az., on 
a fillet " CoNsiLio et animis." 

Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

Helmet, — That of a Peer. 

277 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Supporters.— T^NO eagles, wings expanded, ppr. 

Legend. Ioannes metellanvs lauderi^ comes. 

[La Eigne. Magna Bibliotheca Veterum Patrum et Antiq, 
Scriptorum Ecclesiastic or urn, Coloniae Agrippinae, 1618.] 




Crest. — A lion sejant affrontee gu., holding in his 
dexter paw a sword ppr., pommelled and hiked or, and 
in the sinister paw a fleur-de-lys az. 

Coronet. — That of a Viscount. 

Motto. CONSILIO ET ANIMIS. 

Note. — Used between 1616 and 1624. 
[Tacitus. Opera. 1595.] 

John Maidand (born circ. 1580, died i8th January 1645) was the 
only son of John Maidand, Lord Maitland of Thirlestane, and succeeded 
to his father's peerage in 1595. In 1616 Lord Maitland was created 
Viscount Lauderdale, and in 1624, Earl of Lauderdale. Lord Lauderdale 
was a Lord of Session in Scotland. 

278 



Francis Manners 




MANNERS, FRANCIS, SEVENTH EARL OF 

RUTLAND 

Crest. — Within the Garter. On a chapeau gu., turned 
up erm., a peacock in pride ppr. Ros afterwards 
Manners, 

Coronet. — That of an Earl. 

[Ruvius. Commentarii in Octo libros Aristotelis de Physico. 
Col. Agrippinae, 1616.] 

Francis Manners (born 1578, died 17th December 1632) was the son 
of John Manners, Earl of Rutland. He was educated at Cambridge, and 
studied law at the Inner Temple. Mr. Manners was made a Knight of the 

279 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Order of the Bath in 1604, and in 161 2, on the death of his elder brother, 
Roger, he succeeded to his father's peerage. 

Lord Rutland was Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire, Constable of 
Nottingham Castle, and in 1612 he entertained James L at Belvoir Castle. 
In consequence of certain legal decisions adverse to his claim to an older 
title he was, in 161 6, made Lord Ross of Hamlake. In the same year he 
was made a Knight of the Garter. He carried the sceptre with the 
dove at the coronation of Charles I., was Chief-Justice of Eyre north 
of Trent, and in 1623 he commanded the fleet sent to escort Prince 
Charles back from Spain. 

The beautiful crest of a peacock in pride upon a chapeau was adopted 
by the Manners family after the marriage, in the fifteenth century, of Sir 
Robert Manners of Etal, Northumberland, with Eleanor, daughter and 
heiress of Thomas, loth Lord Ros, whose crest it was. The family crest 
of Sir Robert Manners was a bull's head erased gu., ducally gorged and 
chained or. 



280 



John Manners, Duke of Rutland 




MANNERS, JOHN, DUKE OF RUTLAND 

Arms, — Or, 2 bars az., a chief quarterly of the 
second and gu. ; the first and fourth quarters each charged 
with 2 fleurs-de-lys or, the second and third quarters each 
charged with a lion of England or. Manners, 

This chief was originally gu., and the change made in 
it, incorporating the fleurs-de-lys of France and the lion of 
England, was an augmentation granted in consideration of 
descent from Edward IV. 

Coronet, — That of a Duke. 



[Settle. Fears and Dangers fairly display d, 
London, 1706.] 



281 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

John Manners (born 29th May 1638, died loth January 17 10) was the 
son of John Manners, ninth Earl of Rutland, and succeeded his father in 
the Earldom in 1679. 

Before this, however, he had been created Lord Manners of Haddon. 
He carried the Queen's sceptre with the cross at the coronation of 
James II. He supported the Protestant cause, and the Princess Anne at 
one time took refuge at Belvoir Castle, and when she presently became 
Queen she created Lord Manners Marquis of Granby and Duke of 
Rutland. 



282 



Mary, Queen of England 




MARY, QUEEN OF ENGLAND, FRANCE, AND 

IRELAND 

Arms. — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th, France. 

2nd and 3rd, England. 
As used by Henry VIH. (q.v.). 
Crown. — Royal. 

[^Epitome operum divi Augustini. Cologne, 1549.] 

The Princess Mary (born i8th February 15 16, died 17th November 
1558) was the daughter of Henry VIII. and his first wife, Catherine of 
Aragon. In 1553 she succeeded her brother Edward VI. on the throne 
of England. 

In 1554 Queen Mary married Prince Philip, afterwards Philip II., 
King of Spain, but the marriage was neither happy nor popular. 

283 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

The bindings made for Queen Mary often show her coat-of-arms 
encircled by flames. They were bound by Thomas Berthelet, who had 
been Royal Bookbinder to Henry VHI. Most of the books are bound in 
calf, but some are in embroidered velvet, and show the pomegranate flower. 
Mary also used the badges of the fleur-de-lys and the portcullis of the De 
Beauforts. Her initials, " M. I.," are sometimes used on her bindings. 
Queen Mary used the same supporters as Henry VIII. in the latter part of 
his reign, namely, the lion and the red dragon, but they do not show on 
any of her books. Oueen Mary's books came to the British Museum 
in 1757. 



284 




MARY, QUEEN OF SCOTLAND 

285 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Arms, — Or, a lion rampant within a double tressure 
flory counterflory gu. Scotland, 

As used by James I. (q.v.). 

Crest, — The Scottish Royal Crown, ppr., thereon a 
lion sejant or, holding in his dexter paw a sword 
and in his sinister paw a sceptre, all ppr. 

Helmet, — Royal. 

Supporters, — Two unicorns arg., armed, unguled, each 
gorged with a princely coronet and chained or, as used 
by James I. (q.v.). 

Motto, — In defens. 

Behind the shield are two spears, on the dexter of 
which is a banner bearing the arms of Scotland, and on 
the sinister a banner bearing the cross of St. Andrew 
arg., on a field az. 

The shield is enclosed within the collar of the Order 
of the Thistle, from which depends the badge of the Order. 

Legend. — Maria Regina. 

\T he Black Acts, Edinburgh, 1556.] 



286 



Mary, Queen of Scotland 



1 




V 


m 




fev 


1^ ll 




11 w^ 


\V*\^ 




wj^j 


^ 


i^i 


y 



Cypher M., />. " Marie," and ^, />. " Francis," used 
about 1559 or 1560, when Mary was Queen of Francis 
II., King of France. 

The motto "Sa vertv matire" is an anagram on the 
name Marie Stuuarte. 

The crown is the crown of France. 

Note. — A foreign stamp. 

[Ptolemy. Geographia, Rome, 1490.] 
[The late Sir Wollaston Franks, K.C.B.] 

Mary, Princess of Scotland (born 8th December 1542, died 8th 
February 1587), was the daughter of James V., King of Scotland, and on 
his death in 1542, when she was eight days old, she succeeded to his crown. 
Mary was the granddaughter of the Princess Margaret, eldest daughter of 
Henry VII., who had married James IV., King of Scotland, in 1502. 

In 1558 she married the Dauphin of France, who shortly afterwards 
became king as Francis II. He died in 1560, and Mary returned to 
Scotland, and in 1565 married Henry Stuart, Earl of Darnley, who was 
proclaimed King of Scotland on the day of his marriage. 

287 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Lord Darnley was murdered in 1567, and Queen Mary dethroned in 
favour of her son, James VI., and in the same year she married John 
Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell, who is supposed to have been Darnley's 
murderer. Troubles multiplied round the unfortunate queen. Her husband 
had to take refuge abroad, and she herself was made a prisoner and shut 
up at Loch Leven. Queen Mary asked Queen Elizabeth's help in the 
discords which became incessant in Scotland, and at last Mary was induced 
to put herself in her rival's power, and took refuge at Carlisle. 

The end was that after a long imprisonment in England she was tried, 
condemned, and beheaded at Fotheringay in 1587, the plea being that she 
had conspired against Queen Elizabeth's hfe. 

Queen Mary was very intellectual and a notable linguist. Many of 
her books are bound in black and have black edges. This is supposed to 
have been intended as a mark of mourning for her first husband. Mary's 
only son, James VL, succeeded to the throne of England on the death 
of Queen Elizabeth in 1603, his title in England being James L 

The present official coat -of- arms of Scotland is, 
quarterly : 

I St and 4th, Scotland. 

2nd, England. 

3rd, Ireland. 

Colours as used by James I. (q.v.). 

Supporters, — Dexter : A unicorn arg., maned, horned, 
hoofed, and gorged with a princely coronet and 
chained or. 
Sinister : A lion or, royally crowned. 

Crest, — The crest of Scotland as used by Mary, Queen 
of Scotland, but on an English Royal Crown. Behind the 
shield are two standards bearing respectively the crosses 
of St. Andrew and St. George, and the helmet, collar of the 
Order of the Thistle, and motto are all as used by Queen 
Mary. 

288 



Mary of Modena 




MARY OF MODENA, QUEEN CONSORT OF 

JAMES II. 

Arms, — Two shields side by side. 

Dexter shield : Gu., 3 lions passant guardant, in pale, 
or, langued and unguled az. England, 

Sinister shield : Arg., an eagle displayed sa. D'Este, 

Ensigned with a Royal Crown of foreign design, and 

enclosed between two palm branches. 

289 u 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

jslote, — This stamp was probably made in France after 

1689. 

[Desporcellets. Regne de "Jacques 11. MS.] 




Arms. — Impaled. 
Dexter : Quarterly. 

I St and 4th grand quarters, quarterly ; France 

and England. 
2nd grand quarter ; Scotland. 
3rd grand quarter ; Ireland. 
As used by James I. (q.v.). Over all the label, with 

three points arg., of an eldest son. 

290 



Mary of Modena 



Sinister : Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; arg., an eagle displayed sa.> 

coroneted ppr. D'Este, 
2nd and 3rd ; az., 3 fleurs-de-lys or, within a 
bordure counter-indented, or and gu. Ferrara, 
Ensigned with a princely coronet. 
Supporters, — Dexter : A lion of England or, wearing 
a princely coronet ppr., and charged on the neck 
with a label of three points arg. 
Sinister : An eagle of D'Este sa., wearing a ducal 
coronet or. 
Note, — This stamp was made while James was still 
Duke of York, that is to say, between 1673 and 1685. 

[Waller. Poems, London, 1668.] 

Mary Beatrice of Modena (born 5th October 1658, died 7th May 
1 718) was a daughter of Alphonso IV., D'Este, Duke of Modena. She 
was a strong Roman Catholic. In 1673 she married James, Duke of 
York, whom she presently converted to the Roman Catholic religion, and 
when she became queen in 1685, her influence over the king continued 
to be very great. There were many disquieting rumours about the birth 
of the Prince of Wales, and Queen Mary was never liked in England. 
She seems, however, to have been a devoted and affectionate wife. 

Her trouble culminated about 1688, when she fled to France with her 
little son, and was well and honourably received by Louis XIV. James 
II. presently joined her at the Palace of St. Germain, which the French 
king had put at his disposal on his deposition from the throne of England 
in 1689. After James's death in 1701 Queen Mary continued to live at 
St. Germain, and remained there for the rest of her Hfe. 



291 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




MARY, PRINCESS OF ENGLAND, AFTER- 
WARDS QUEEN OF FRANCE AND 
DUCHESS OF SUFFOLK. 



Arms. — Quarterly, France and England, as used by 
Henry VHL (q.v.). 

Badges. — Tudor roses, gu. and arg., and portcullis 

arg., chained or. 

Initials.— M. S. (Mary Suffolk). 

292 



Mary, Princess of England 

Note, — The book bears the arms of Henry VIII. , and 
the initials have been added. It is one of the earliest 
gold -tooled English bindings in existence, and was 
probably made by John Taverner for an earlier inside 
than that which it now covers. 

\lierbarum Imagines, Francofurti, 1535.] 

Mary Tudor (born 1497, ^^^^ ^3^^ Jui^e 1534) was the youngest 
daughter of Henry VII. At an early age she was enamoured of Charles 
Brandon, afterwards Duke of Suffolk. Henry VIII., however, decided 
that her marriage with Louis XII. of France was more expedient, and in 
1 5 14 she became his Queen. Next year she was left a widow, and almost 
immediately she married the Duke of Suffolk abroad, and the marriage 
was afterwards re-solemnised in England. 



293 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




MATTHEW, TOBIAS, ARCHBISHOP OF 

YORK 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Gu., two keys in saltire arg., in chief a 

Royal Crown or. See of York^ after 1 5 1 5. 
Sinister : Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; sa., a lion rampant arg. 

2nd and 3rd ; gu., 3 chevrons arg. Matthew, 

\Novum Testame77tum, 1580.] 

Tobias Matthew (born circ. 1546, died 29th March 1628) was the 
son of John Matthew of Ross in Herefordshire. He was educated at 
Oxford and ordained in 1566. He preached before Oueen Elizabeth at 
St. Mary's Church in the High Street at Oxford, and attracted Her Majesty's 
attention by his eloquence and his handsome appearance. He was made 
a Canon of Christchurch Cathedral in 15 70, and Dean in 1576. In 
1583 he was Dean of Durham. In 1595 he was consecrated Bishop of 
Durham, and in 1606 Archbishop of York. Archbishop Matthew took a 
prominent part in the political as well as the theological affairs of his time. 
Lady Arabella Stuart was imprisoned in his house, and she escaped from it 
in 1611. 

294 



Christopher Monck 




MONCK, CHRISTOPHER, SECOND DUKE OF 

ALBEMARLE 



Arms. — Within the Garter. Gu., 
between 3 lions' heads erased arg. Monck, 
Coronet, — That of a Duke. 



a chevron 



[Heylyn. Ecclesia Restaurata, London, 1674.] 

Christopher Monck (born circ. 1653, ^^^^ ^^^ October 1688) was the 
son of General George Monck, who, in recognition of his services con- 
cerning the restoration of Charles II., was by that monarch created Duke 
of Albemarle in 1660. Christopher Monck succeeded his father in the 
Dukedom in 1669. He was made a Knight of the Garter in the same 
year, and in 1687 he was appointed Governor of Jamaica. 

295 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 



^"^^^^^^^ 


^SWSrA^^^^ 


fefKP 






||/.v/ 





MONTAGU, JOHN, SECOND DUKE OF 
MONTAGU 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; arg., 3 lozenges conjoined in fess 

gu., within a bordure sa. Montagu, 
2nd and 3rd ; or, an eagle displayed vert., beaked 
and membered gu. Monthermer, 
On an escutcheon of pretence. Sa., a lion rampant 
arg., on a canton of the last a cross gu. Churchill, 
Coronet, — That of a Duke. 

[Bacon. The Historie of the Reigne of King 

Henry the Seventh, London, 1641.] 
296 



John Montagu 




Crest. — Within the Garter. A griffin's head couped 
or, beak and wings endorsed sa. Montagu, 

[Berkeley. Siris, London, 1744.] 

John Montagu (born circ. 1688, died 6th July 1749) was the son of 
Ralph Montagu, Duke of Montagu, whom he succeeded in 1709. At 
the coronation of George I. the Duke of Montagu was High Constable, 
and he was Governor of St. Lucia and St. Vincent, both of which islands 
were given to him by the king. 

The Duke of Montagu carried the sceptre with the cross at the 
coronation of George II., and in 1740 he was made Master-General of 
the Ordnance. He raised a regiment of cavalry, known as " Montagu's 
Carabineers." In 17 19 he was made a Knight of the Garter, and in 1725 
Grand Master of the Order of the Bath, and he also held several military 
appointments. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and of the Royal 
College of Physicians. 

The Duke's town residence, Montagu House, originally occupied the 
site now covered by the British Museum, and at his death it was acquired 
by the Government. Many alterations were carried out for the better 
housing of the collections which were placed in it, and eventually it was 
entirely rebuilt in a more convenient form. It had been originally built 
for Ralph, the first Duke of Montagu. The Duke married Mary 
Churchill, daughter of John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, the great 
General. Lady Mary Churchill's only brother having died as a boy, she 
and her sisters became heraldic heiresses, so their coat-of-arms were borne 
on an escutcheon of pretence in the centre of the coats-of-arms of their 
respective husbands. 

297 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




MORDAUNT, JOHN, VISCOUNT MORDAUNT 

Crest, — A Saracen's head in profile ppr., wreathed 
about the temples, arg. and sa. Mordaunt, 
Coronet, — That of a Viscount. 

[BucHONius. Primitiae gnomontcae Catoptricae^ etc, 
Avenione, 1635.] 



298 



John Mordaunt 



^^H^ 


fcoc^te?^ 


1 


^^^^^^^^H^ 


B^M^% 




^1 


WM 


1 



Variety, — In a smaller size. 

\Recueil general des Caquets de FAcouchee, 1623.] 

John Mordaunt (born 1 8th June 1626, died 5th June 1675) was the 
second son of John Mordaunt, Earl of Peterborough. He was educated 
at Oxford and was a strong Royalist. In 1658 he was in consequence tried 
for his life, and only escaped death by one vote. He was with Charles II. 
on the Continent, and in 1659 was created Viscount Mordaunt of Avalon. 
In 1660, on the Restoration, Lord Mordaunt was knighted. He com- 
manded a troop of horse and a regiment of foot, and was Constable of 
Windsor Castle and Keeper of the Great Park. He was also Lord 
Lieutenant of Surrey. 



299 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




MUSGRAVE, SIR WILLIAM, BARONET 

Crest, — Two arms in armour, guantleted ppr., holding 
an annulet or. Musgrave. 

[Saint German. 'Doctor and Student, 
In the Savoy, 1751.] 

William Musgrave (born 8th October 1735, died 1 6th January 1800) 
was the second son of Sir Richard Musgrave of Hay ton Castle, and 
succeeded to the family Baronetcy in 1755, on the death of his elder 
brother. 

Sir William was a Commissioner of Customs and of Accounts, a 
Fellow and Vice-President of the Royal Society, a lawyer of much dis- 
tinction, and a Bencher and Treasurer of the Middle Temple. He was 
author of a very useful compilation known as Musgrave's Obituary ; it 
gives reference to places where the various persons deceased are mentioned, 
and also further particulars. The obituary was published by the Harleian 
Society in 1 899-1 901. 

Sir William Musgrave made large collections of manuscripts on the 
subject of portrait-painting in England, and also concerning the history of 
England. He bequeathed these manuscripts, as well as a considerable 
number of printed books, to the British Museum, of which he was a 
Trustee. He had already given several books to the library during his 
lifetime, many of which contain an autograph note of the presentation. 



300 



Sir Robert Naunton 




NAUNTON, SIR ROBERT 



Arms, — Quartered. 

1. Gu., 3 martlets or. Naunton, 

2. Quarterly, or and gu., in the first quarter a 

lion rampant of the second. Inglish, 

3. Arg., a chief indented sa. Hillock, 

301 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

4. Sa., an eagle displayed arg., between 6 bezants, 

3, 2, and I. Busserard, 

5. Arg., a lion rampant sa., a chief gu., a crescent 

for difference. Ashby, 

6. Gu., 10 bezants, 4, 3, 2, and i. Zouch. 

7. Arg., 2 bars gu. Martin, 

8. Gu., a lion rampant between 14 tau crosses 

or. Powell (?). 

9. A chevron between 3 Hebrew letters 

"Cheth," probably standing for "Jehovah." 
Unknown, 

10. Erm., a cross engrailed sa. Houghton, 
Crest, — A basilisk ppr. 

Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 
Motto, — Prvdens simplicitas. 

[^Common Prayer, London, 161 2.] 

Robert Naunton (born circ. 1563, died 27th March 1635) was the son of 
Henry Naunton of Alderton. He was educated at Cambridge, where in 
1594 he was elected Public Orator, and travelled largely on the Continent 
for the purpose of studying politics. He was Member of Parliament for 
Helston in 1606, then for Camelford and for Suffolk, and sat in three 
Parliaments as Member for Cambridge. In 16 14 he received the honour 
of Knighthood, and in 161 7 became Secretary of State, and afterwards 
Master of the Court of Wards. Sir Robert was an earnest Protestant, 
and the Catholics considered that he was too strongly opposed to their 
interests. The latter part of his life was troubled, chiefly because he 
was too free in expressing his own views as to matters of public interest. 
Although he held several important official offices, he does not appear to 
have been a man of much talent, but his management of the matters 
entrusted to him was marked by strong common sense and trustworthiness. 
He wrote several valuable books on travel, biography, and history. 



302 



George Nevill 





NEVILL, GEORGE, EARL OF ABERGAVENNY 

Badges. — i. A Lancastrian rose gu., seeded or, and 
leaved vert. 2. A portcullis of De Beaufort arg., chained 
and ringed or, nailed az. Both ensigned with an Earl's 
Coronet. 

[C. Suetonius. Tranquil/us ex recensione F. Oudendorpii. 
Lugduni Batavorum, 175 1.] 

George Nevill (born 24th June 1727, died 9th September 1785) 
was the son of William Nevill, Lord Abergavenny. He was a godson 
of George II., and succeeded his father in the Barony in 1 744. Lord 
Abergavenny was Lord Lieutenant of Sussex, and in 1784 he was created 
Earl of Abergavenny. 

The use of the badges shown is not confined to any particular 
earl, but had been generally used by the Nevill family for a long time. 
The Red Rose of Lancaster was adopted as a badge by Richard Nevill, 
Earl of Warwick, whose daughter Anne married Edward, Prince of 
Wales, only son of Henry VI., the last of the Lancastrian Kings, in 
1470. The Princess Anne afterwards married Richard III., the last of 
the Yorkist Kings. The portcullis was used as a badge of descent from 
the house of De Beaufort, and both badges are still used by the family 
of Nevill. 



303 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




NOEL, BAPTIST, THIRD EARL OF 
GAINSBOROUGH 

Arms. — Impaled. 

Dexter : Or, fretty gu., a canton erm. Noel. 

304 



Baptist Noel 

Sinister : Or, two bars az., a chief quarterly of 
the last and gu., in the first and fourth quarters 
2 fleurs-de-lys or, and in the second and third 
quarters a lion passant guardant, of the last 
langued and unguled az. Manners, 
Coronet. — That of an Earl. 

[Settle. Thalia Lacrymans, London, 171 4.] 

Baptist Noel (born 1684, died 17th April 17 14) was the son of 
Baptist Noel of LufFenham, Rutland, who was the eldest son, by his 
fourth marriage, of Baptist Noel, second Baron Noel and third Viscount 
Campden. The eldest son of Lord Campden succeeded to his father's 
title in 1682, and in 1681 he was created Earl of Gainsborough 
with special remainder to his younger brothers. In consequence of 
this remainder, on the death of Wriothesley Noel, second Earl of 
Gainsborough, in 1691, without male heir, the Earldom reverted to 
Baptist Noel, his cousin, who succeeded as third Earl. 

Lord Gainsborough married, about 1706, his first cousin, Dorothy 
Manners, daughter of John, first Duke of Rutland. 



305 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





4^ 




3/ 


& 


(o 


V" 


^^ 


HO 




m 





PARKER, MATTHEW, ARCHBISHOP OF 
CANTERBURY 



Arms, — Gu., on a chevron between 3 keys erect 
arg., as many estoiles of the field. The estoiles were 
an augmentation added in 1559. Parker, 

\^New Testament. London, 1574.] 

Matthew Parker (born 6th August 1504, died 17th May 1575) was 
educated at Cambridge, and in 1527 he took orders and became a Fellow 
of his College, and quickly made a name as a powerful preacher. In 
1537 he was made Chaplain to the King and a Prebendary of Ely. He 
became Master of his old College, St. Benet's (Corpus Christi), in 1544. 
In 1552 he was Dean of Lincoln, but on Mary's accession he lost that 
and his other preferments on the ground of his being married. 

During all Queen Mary's reign Dr. Parker kept himself well out of 
the way, but when Elizabeth came to the throne he was sought out 
and in 1559 consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury, being the second 
Protestant Archbishop of that See. 

306 



Matthew Parker 

Archbishop Parker concerned himself much with literature, and wrote 
several valuable books. He had much to do with the Book of Common 
Prayer, and also with the revisal of the then existing translation of the 
Bible, the edition finally issued by him being known as the " Bishop's 
Bible." He founded the Society of Antiquaries of London in 1572, and 
bequeathed a large number of books and manuscripts to the University of 
Cambridge and to his old College. 

Archbishop Parker had a staff of workmen in his own house, part 
of which was fully equipped for their use. His work De Antiquitate 
Britannicae Ecclesiae^ of which it is said no two copies are alike, as the 
Archbishop made some alterations in the proofs every time they were 
submitted to him, is said to have been printed at the Archbishop's press 
by John Day. Some of his books are beautifully bound in embroidered 
velvet, also supposed to have been done in his own house. In one of 
his letters to Lord Burghley, he says that he has in his house " Paynters, 
Lymners, Wryters, and Book-Bynders." It is possible that several of 
the fine bindings made tor Queen Elizabeth and for Lord Burghley 
were really made in the Archbishop's workshop. 



307 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




PEPYS, SAMUEL, SECRETARY TO THE 
ADMIRALTY 

Arms. — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; sa., on a bend or, between 2 nags' 

heads erased arg., 3 fleurs-de-lys of the field. 

Pepys, 

2nd and 3rd ; gu., a Hon rampant within a bordure 

engrailed arg. Gray, 

Crest, — A camel's head erased or, bridled, lined, 

ringed, and gorged with a ducal coronet or. 

308 



Samuel Pepys 

Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

Motto, — Mens cuiusque is est quisque. 

\Several books in the Pepys Library at Magdalene College^ 

Cambridge, ^ 

[The Pepys Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge.] 



309 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety. — A shield lettered " sam. pepys car. et 

lAC. ANGL. REGIB. A SECRETIS ADMIRALI^." 

Behind the shield are two fouled anchors. 
Crest and helmet as in the preceding example. 

\^Books at Magdalene College^ Cambridge,'] 

[The Pepys Library at Magdalene College, Cambridge.] 

Samuel Pepys (born 23rd February 1632, died 26th May 1 703) was 
the son of John Pepys of Cottenham, in Cambridgeshire. He was 
educated at Magdalene College, Cambridge, and became clerk of the 
Acts of the Navy in 1660. 

310 



Samuel Pepys 



In 1673 ^^- Pcpys was Secretary to the Admiralty, and he introduced 
several admirable reforms in the management of that office, which he 
retained until 1689. He accompanied Lord Dartmouth to Tangier, and 
made several expeditions to the Continent and about the coasts of England. 

In 1690 he published his Memoirs concerning the navy of England, 
a very important work. In 1684 Mr. Pepys was President of the Royal 
Society. He left a considerable library to his old College at Cambridge, 
manuscripts as well as printed books, and also several prints. Pepys kept 
a curious Diary in cypher from 1659 ^^ 1669. It has been deciphered and 
published several times, but the best edition is that issued by Mr. H. B. 
Wheatley in 1893. 



311 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




PERCY, HENRY, NINTH EARL OF 
NORTHUMBERLAND 

Badge, — Within the Garter. 

A crescent arg., ensigned with an Earl's coronet. 

[James L Triumphs, etc. London, 1610.] 

Henry Percy (born April 1564, died 5th November 1632) was the son 
of the eighth Earl of Northumberland and succeeded his father, who was 
murdered in the Tower, in 1585. Lord Northumberland was fined and 
imprisoned in the Tower in consequence of an alleged complicity in the 
Gunpowder Plot. In 1593 ^^ ^^^ made a Knight of the Garter, and in 
1603 he was Captain of the Corps of Gentlemen Pensioners. 

Northumberland was in distant remainder to the Crown of England, 
and at one time it was probable that his claims might be strengthened 
by a marriage with Lady Arabella Stuart, niece of Lord Darnley, and 
great-granddaughter of Margaret, elder daughter of Henry VII., but the 
negotiation came to nothing. The Earl was fond of scientific pursuits 
and was known as " The Wizard Earl," and was a great smoker. The 
badge of the silver crescent was used by the Percy family generally and 
not exclusively by any particular member of it. 

312 



William Fitzmaurice Petty 




PETTY, WILLIAM FITZMAURICE, MARQUIS 
OF LANSDOWNE 

Arms. — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; erm., on a bend az, a magnetic needle 

pointing at a Pole Star or. Petty. 
2nd and 3rd ; arg., a saltire gu., a chief erm. Fitz- 
maurice. 
Coronet. — That of a Marquis. 

Supporters. — Two pegasi erm., bridled, crined, winged, 
and unguled or., each charged on the shoulder with a 
fleur-de-lys az. 

Motto. ViRTUTE NON VERBIS. 

[PoNTiFiCALE. Lausdowne MS. 451.] 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

William Fitzmaurice Petty (born 1737, died 7th May 1805) ^^^ the 
son of John, Earl of Shelburne. He was educated at Oxford, and then 
entered the army, and fought at Campen and at Minden, eventually 
becoming a general officer. He represented High Wycombe in 
Parliament. In 1761, on the death of his father, William Petty became 
Earl of Shelburne, and quickly made his mark in the House of Lords, and 
became head of the Board of Trade. In 1 766 he became a Secretary of 
State for the Southern Department. On the death of Lord Rockingham 
in 1782, Lord Shelburne succeeded as Premier, and held this position 
until 1783. In 1784 Lord Shelburne was created Marquis of Lansdowne, 
and he spent the remainder of his life at his beautiful Wiltshire seat of 
Bowood. 

About 1765 he began collecting books, particularly those concerning 
history and politics. Among the books collected by Lord Shelburne were 
several which had belonged to Sir Julius Caesar, and also many of Lord 
Burghley's. Lord Lansdowne's manuscripts were acquired for the British 
Museum by purchase after his death. 



2^4- 



John Philpot 




PHILPOT, JOHN, SOMERSET HERALD 



Arms. — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; gu., a cross arg., between four swords 
erect of the second, pommelled and hilted or. 
PhilpQt, 
2nd and 3rd ; sa., a bend ermine. Philipot, 
On an escutcheon of pretence. Az., a chevron erm., 
between 3 crescents arg. Glover, 

3^S 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Crest — Out of a ducal coronet, a dexter arm embowed 
in armour holding in the hand a sword guttee de sang, 
all ppr. 

(College of Arms, Queen Victoria Street, E.C.) 

[Books at the College of Arms.'] 

John Philpot (born c. 1587, died 20th November 1645) was the son of 
Henry Philpot, at one time Mayor of Folkestone. He married Susan 
Glover, niece of the Somerset Herald, Robert Glover. In 161 8 Philpot 
was appointed Blanch Lion Pursuivant, and a little later Rouge Dragon. 
He was deputy for William Camden in the visitations of Kent, Hamp- 
shire, Berkshire, Gloucestershire, Sussex, Buckingham, Oxfordshire, and 
Rutlandshire. 

In 1624 he became Somerset Herald, and held also the office of Steward 
of the Manors of Gillingham and Grain. Philpot supported the cause of 
Charles I., and fought for him, and in 1644 he was made prisoner by the 
Parliamentarians. Besides his several Visitations, Philpot published several 
other valuable historical and genealogical works, and left many more in 
manuscript. Several of his books are at the College of Arms. 



316 



The Lady Bridget Poulett 




POULETT, THE LADY BRIDGET 

Arms. — On a lozenge. Sa., 3 swords in pile arg., 
hilts or. 

[Dryden. Fables. London, 1745.] 

Bridget Poulett (born c. 1720, died c. 1780) was the eldest daughter of 
John Poulett, Earl Poulett. Lady Bridget married Pollexpen Bastard of 
Kitly in Devon. She had three sisters, one of whom married John 
Parker, and these two would have used the same coat-of-arms within a 
lozenge before their marriage. The other two sisters died unmarried, so 
they would always have used it. 

It is not now safe to say, without further information, to which of 
these sisters any particular book bearing this coat belonged. 



317 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





_w|M- 




iE^ 


^^^^ 1 


fl^rC^fi^^^ 




fffi^ 




j^j^f 


^P^HI^ 


^^MF^ 





PYE, SIR ROBERT, KNIGHT 

Arms, — Quartered. 

I and 6. Erm., a bend fusilly, gu. Pye. 

2. A lion passant. 

3. Per pale, gu. and az., a lion rampant support- 

ing a tree eradicated vert. Wynstone, 

4. Gu., 3 stirrups leathered and buckled or. 

Scudamore. 

5. Arg., on a chevron engrailed sa., between 3 

ravens ppr., as many escallops or. Croker, 
Crest. — A cross crosslet fitchee gu., between two 
wings expanded arg., over all a crescent for difference. 
Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

[Allen. An antidote against Heresy,, etc, London, 1648.] 

Robert Pye (born 1585, died 1662) was Remembrancer of the 
Exchequer in 1618, and received the honour of Knighthood in 1621. 
He was a strong Parliamentarian, and his son Robert married a daughter 
of John Hampden. Sir Robert Pye acquired the property of Faringdon in 
Berkshire, where his descendants lived for a long time. He represented 
Woodstock in Parliament. 

318 



Robert Radcliffe 




RADCLIFFE, ROBERT, FIFTH EARL OF 

SUSSEX 

Arms. — Within the Garter. Quartered. 

1. Arg., a bend engrailed sa. Radcliffe. 

2. Or, a fess between 2 chevrons gu. Fttz-Walter, 

3. Arg., a lion rampant sa., crowned or, a bordure 

az. Burnell. 

4. Arg., a sal tire engrailed az. Harding. 

5. Gu., 3 lucies hauriant arg. Lucy. 

6. Barry of six, arg. and az. Grey. 

319 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

7. Arg., semee of fleurs-de-lys sa. Bereford, 

8. Arg., an eagle carrying off a child swathed gu., 

banded or. Culcheth, 
Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

[LoNiCER. ■ Chronicorum Turcicorum Liber ^ etc, 
Francoforti ad Moenum, 1578.] 

Robert Radclyffe (born c. 1560, died 22nd September 1629) ^^s the 
only son of Henry RadclyfFe, fourth Earl of Sussex. In 1593 Robert, styled 
Viscount Fitzwalter, succeeded to his father's earldom. In 1594 he went 
to Scotland as Ambassador for the christening of Prince Henry, and he 
commanded a regiment of infantry at Cadiz in 1596, when he was 
knighted by the Earl of Essex. Lord Sussex twice acted as Earl 
Marshal, and in 1599 he was made a Knight of the Garter. In 1599 
he was Colonel General of Foot, and in 1626 he carried the orb at the 
coronation of Charles I. Lord Sussex served as Lord Lieutenant of Essex 
and Governor of Harwich. 



320 



John Rawdon 




RAWDON, JOHN, BARON RAWDON 

Crest — On a mural coronet arg., a pheon sa., with 
a laurel branch issuant thereout ppr. Rawdon, 

[Recueil general des Caquets de PAcouchee, 1623.] 

John Rawdon (born c. lyio, died 20th June 1793) was the son of 
Sir John Rawdon, Baronet, of Moira, Member of Parh'ament for County 
Down. He succeeded his father in the baronetcy in 1723, and in 1750 
was raised to the peerage as Baron Rawdon. In 1761 he was created 
Earl of Moira in the peerage of Ireland. 

The same crest would have been borne for a time by the son of Lord 
Moira, Francis Rawdon-Hastings, who was an eminent soldier. He was 
in 1783 created an English Peer by the same title as was enjoyed by his 
father. Baron Rawdon, by which he was known until 1793, when he 
succeeded to the Earldom of Moira. The additional surname of 
Hastings was assumed by Lord Rawdon in 1790, in accordance with the 
will of his maternal uncle Francis Hastings, tenth Earl of Huntingdon. 



321 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



TO 





RAWDON, MARMADUKE 



Arms, — Arg., a fess between 3 pheons sa. Rawdon, 
\^Life of Marmaduke Rawdon of Tor k. MS.] 

Marmaduke Rawdon (born March 1609, died 7th February 1668) 
belonged to an old Yorkshire family, and was the son of Laurence 
Rawdon of York. Mr. Rawdon entered the employ of an uncle who 
was a merchant, and travelled about the world in his service. He was 
for a long time in the Canary Islands, and he made an ascent of the Peak 
of TenerifFe. Rawdon was a noted antiquary, and he made valuable 
notes of his travels. His "Life" has been edited for the Camden 
Society by Mr. Robert Davies. 



Richard Rawlinson 




RAWLINSON, RICHARD 

Crest. — A sheldrake ppr., in his beak an escallop arg, 
Rawlinson. 




Badge. — An escallop arg., being an excerpt from the 
Rawlinson coat-of-arms which is gu., 2 bars gemelles 
between 3 escallops arg. 

[BMe, Greek. Antwerp, 1566.] 

Richard Rawlinson (born 3rd January 1690, died 6th April 1755) was 
the fourth son of Sir Thomas Rawlinson, Lord Mayor of London. He 
was educated at Oxford and took Orders in 1716. In 1728 he was con- 
secrated nonjuring Bishop, but never accepted the duties of the position. 
Dr. RawHnson was a Fellow of the Royal Society and of the Society of 
Antiquaries. He was a great collector of books and manuscripts, the 
greater part of which he bequeathed to Oxford, where they are now kept 
in the Bodleian Library. Others were sold by auction. Dr. Rawlinson 
wrote a number of books on antiquarian and topographical subjects, and 
he left his heart to his old college, St. John's, at Oxford, where it is still 
kept in the chapel in a marble urn. 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




RIVERS, SIR JOHN, BART. 

Crest. — A bull statant arg., ducally crowned, collared, 
ringed and armed or. Rivers, 

[/;/ Aristotelis de Coelo libros qiiatuor, Venetiis, 1598.] 

John Rivers (born circ. 1579, died circ. 1651) was the son of Sir 
George Rivers, and grandson of Sir John Rivers, Lord Mayor of London. 
Mr. Rivers was educated at Oxford, and admitted to the Inner Temple 
in 1600. In 1 62 1 he was created a Baronet. 

324 



Francis Russell 




RUSSELL, FRANCIS, SECOND EARL OF 
BEDFORD 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quartered. 

1. Quarterly ; i and 4, arg., a lion rampant gu. 

KusselL 
2nd and 3rd, az., a tower with cupola arg., door 
gu. T>e La Tour. 

2. Barry of eight, or and az., a crescent for differ- 

ence. Fitzalan. 

3. Gu., 3 herrings hauriant in fess arg. Herringham, 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

4. Sa., a griffin segreant between 3 crosses crosslet 

fitchee arg. Froxmere, 

5. Sa., 3 chevrons arg. Wyse. 

6. Sa., 3 dovecotes arg., 2 and i, a mullet for differ- 

ence. Sapcote, 

7. Arg. on a cross gu., 5 mullets arg., i, 3, and i. 

Bode n ham. 
Coronet. — That of an Earl. 

[Prayers. Edinburgh, 1565.] 

Francis Russell (born 1527, died 28th July 1585) was the son of John 
Russell, K.G., created Earl of Bedford in 1549. In 1554 Francis Russell 
succeeded to his father's earldom, and in 1546 he was made a Knight of 
the Bath. He was High Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, 
Member of Parliament for Northumberland, and Lord Lieutenant for 
Bucks. 

Lord Bedford served as Ambassador to France on two occasions, and 
in 1564 he was made a Knight of the Garter. He also served as Chief 
Justice in Eyre south of Trent, and Lord Lieutenant of Dorset, Devon, 
and Cornwall. He was known as the "Good Earl of Bedford," and 
entertained Queen Elizabeth both at Chenies and at Woburn. 



326 



Wriothesley Russell 




RUSSELL, WRIOTHESLEY, SECOND DUKE OF 

BEDFORD 

Arms. — Arg., a Hon rampant gu., on a chief sa., 3 
escallops of the first. 

Coronet. — That of a Duke. 

[Knolles. Turkish History. London, 1701.] 

Wriothesley Russell (born ist November 1680, died 26th May 171 1) 
was the son of William Russell, second son of William Russell, first Duke 
of Bedford. His mother was Rachel, daughter of Thomas Wriothesley, 
Earl of Southampton. In 1700 Wriothesley Russell succeeded to the 
Dukedom on the death of his grandfather the first Duke. He was 
educated at Oxford, and in 1701 was a Gentleman of the Bedchamber, 
and acted as Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire, of Cambridgeshire, and of 
Middlesex. He was Lord High Constable at the coronation of Queen 
Anne, on which occasion he was made a Knight of the Garter. 

Through Rachel Wriothesley the Manors of Bloomsbury and St. Giles- 
in-the-Fields came into possession of the Russell family, and for a long 
time they lived at Bedford House, which occupied the site now forming 
the northern side of Bloomsbury Square. 

327 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




SACKVILLE, EDWARD, FOURTH 
EARL OF DORSET 

Crest — Out of an heraldic coronet ppr., an estoile of 
8 points arg. 

Coronet, — That of an earl. 



[De Philotheia. Canticum canticorum^ libri x. 
Friburgi Helvetiorum, 1609.] 

Edward Sackville (born circ. 1590, died 17th July 1652) was the son 
of Richard Sackville, third Earl of Dorset. He was educated at Oxford, 
and succeeded his father in the Earldom in 1624. Mr. Sackville was 
Member of Parliament for Sussex, and in 161 6 was made a Knight 
Commander of the Order of the Bath, and after his succession to the 
peerage he acted as Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex, and later of Sussex. 
In 1625 he was made a Knight of the Garter. 

Lord Dorset carried one of the swords at the coronation of Charles L, 
and served as Chamberlain of the Household in 1644. He married Mary 
Curzon, governess to the king's children. 

328 



Sir Richard Saint-George 




SAINT-GEORGE, SIR RICHARD, KNIGHT 

^r;;/!.— Quartered. 

1. Arg., a chief az., over all a lion rampant gu., 

crowned or. St. George. 

2. Arg., a cross flory gu. Trussell. 

3. Gu., 3 covered cups or. Butler. 

4. Arg., 3 fleurs-de-lys between 8 crosslets sa. 

Mortimer. 

5. Az., a fess dancetty between 6 escallops arg. 

Dengayne. 

6. Sa., an estoile arg. Ingleby. 
Legend. — Sigillvm ricardi sancti georgii. 

[^Collection of Manuscript Tracts of the Seventeenth Century. 

Add. MS. 577, b. 5.] 

329 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Richard Saint-George (born circ. 1577, died 17th May 1635) was the 
son of Thomas Saint-George of Hatley Saint-George, Cambridge. He 
was always a great student of heraldry and genealogy. In 1602 he was 
made Berwick Pursuivant, and in 1603 Norroy King-of-Arms. He con- 
ducted visitations of Derbyshire, Yorkshire, Cheshire, Lancashire, and 
other counties. In 161 6 he received the honour of Knighthood. 

Sir Richard became Clarencieux King-of-Arms in 1623, and presently, 
with Sir John Borough, Norroy, he conducted several further visitations 
in the southern counties of England. He wrote several valuable genea- 
logical works, many of which are among the manuscripts in the British 
Museum. Many of his writings have been published. His son Henry 
afterwards became Garter King-of-Arms. 



330 



Humphrey Salwey 




SALWEY, HUMPHREY 

Arms. — Quartered . 

1. Sa., a saltire engrailed or. Salwey. 

2. Arg., on a chief az., a lion passant of the first. 

Aston. 

3. Or, on a bend sa., 3 eagles displayed arg. 

Manley, 

4. Gu., a fess compony, arg. and sa., between 6 

crosses crosslet fitchee or. Boteler. 

5. Arg., 2 bendlets sa. Bradshaw. 

6. Bendy of 10, or and az. Montfort. 

7. Arg., on a bend wavy az., 3 swans of the first. 

Dawes. 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

8. Arg., a fess az., between 3 boars' heads couped 

sa. Alyson. 

9. Arg., a chevron engrailed between 3 bugle 

horns sa., stringed or. JVyerley, 

[Hatcher. G. Haddoni lucubrationes, Londini, 1567.] 

Humphrey Salwey (born circ. 1575, died December 1652) was educated 
at Oxford, and entered the Middle Temple in 159 1. He took part in the 
Civil War on the side of Parliament. In 1644 he was appointed King's 
Remembrancer in the Court of Exchequer. In 1649 ^e was made a 
Judge, but never took his place as such. He was buried in Westminster 
Abbey. 



ZZ'^ 



Sir Thomas Sandys 




SANDYS, SIR THOMAS, KNIGHT 

Arms. — Or, a fess dancetty between 3 crosses crosslet 
fitchee gu., a fleur-de-lys for difference. Sandys, 

[Jacobus de Voragine. Legendario delle vite de Santi, 
Venetia, 1607.] 

Edwin Sandys (born 9th December 1561, died October 1642) was the 
sixth son of Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York. He was educated at 
Merchant Taylors' and Oxford, and in 1589 entered the Middle Temple 
as a student. In 1586 Mr. Sandys represented Andover in Parliament, 
and afterwards sat for Plympton. He wrote some books on religious 
subjects during a visit to Paris. In 1603 he received the honour of 
Knighthood, and was Member of Parliament for Stockbridge. 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 

Sir Edwin Sandys was conspicuous in Parliament, and got into trouble 
about his views as to the succession to the throne, and had to appear before 
the Council, but nothing was done further than that he had to give security 
for his appearance if wanted. He was an active member of the East India 
Company, and the Sandys group of islands in the Somers Islands was 
named after him. He also took a prominent part in the affairs of the 
Virginia Company, of which he was elected Treasurer in 1619, in 
succession to Sir Thomas Smythe. His administration, however, in the 
long-run, was no better than that of his predecessor, and in 1621 he was 
imprisoned in the Tower, but soon released. 

Sir Edwin was returned to Parliament as Member for Sandwich, and 
afterwards for Penrhyn, but soon afterwards left public life, and devoted 
himself to his favourite East India Company. His political career was of 
much interest and importance. 



334 



William Say 




SAY, WILLIAM 



Arms. — Quarterly, or and gu., in the first quarter a 
lion passant guardant az. A crescent for difference. Say, 

\_Dialogi sex. Antverpiae, 1566.] 

William Say (born c. 1604, ^^^^ c. 1666) was the second son of 
William Say of Ickenham, Middlesex. He was educated at Oxford, and 
was a Bencher of the Middle Temple. Mr. Say was a Member of Parlia- 
ment for Camelford, and signed the death warrant of Charles I. For a 
time, in the absence of Speaker Lenthal, Say acted as Speaker in the 
House of Commons. 

At the Restoration Say had to leave England, and found refuge in 
Holland, where he died. 

335 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




SHEFFIELD, JOHN, THIRD EARL OF MUL- 
GRAVE, AFTERWARDS DUKE OF THE 
COUNTY OF BUCKINGHAM. 



Arms, — Within the Garter. Arg., a chevron between 
3 garbs gu. Sheffield, 

Coronet, — That of an Earl. 

Note, — Used between 1674 and 1694. 

[CuDwoRTH. The Intellectual System of the Universe. 

London, 1678.] 

336 



John Sheffield 



John Sheffield (born yth April 1648, died 24th February 1720) was 
the son of Edmund Sheffield, second Earl of Mulgrave, and succeeded his 
father in 1658. John Sheffield had an eventful military and naval career, 
the two professions being in his time curiously considered as one. As a 
sailor he took part in the fight at Solebay in 1672 under the Duke of 
York, and afterwards was Captain of the " Royal Catherine." As a soldier 
Lord Mulgrave was Colonel of the Holland Regiment, Governor of Hull, 
and commanded a force at Tangier. In 1674 he was made a Knight of 
the Garter. He was a member of the Privy Council and Lord Chamberlain 
of the Household. In 1694 he was made Marquis of Normandy, and in 
1703, Duke of Normandy, and shortly afterwards Duke of the County 
of Buckingham. He was a book-lover, and an author of some repute in 
his own time. 



337 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 




SHELDON, RALPH 

Arms. — Sa., a fess arg., between 3 sheldrakes ppr. 
Sheldon. 

\The Annals of Cornelius Tacitus. London, 1640.] 



338 



Ralph Sheldon 




Variety, — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; sa., a fess arg., between 3 sheldrakes 

ppr. Sheldon, 
2nd ; arg., on a bend sa., between 2 lions rampant 

of the second, a wyvern, extended, of the first. 

Newport, 
3rd ; gu., a sal tire vair. Wellington, 



[Nostradamus. The True Prognostications,, etc, London, 

1672.] 
339 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Ralph Sheldon (born ist August 1623, died 24th June 1684) was the 
son of William Sheldon of Beoley, Worcestershire, and an ardent collector 
of antiquities, particularly books and manuscripts. He collected a large 
library at his house "Weston," at Long Compton, Warwickshire, and 
bequeathed to the College of Arms a large number of the manuscripts of 
Augustine Vincent, Windsor Herald. Mr. Sheldon suffered persecution 
as a Catholic. He wrote several genealogical treatises, many of which are 
now kept at the College of Arms. 



340 



Sir Hans Sloane, Bart. 




SLOANE, SIR HANS, BART. 

Arms, — Gu., a sword in pale, point downwards, blade 
arg., hiked or, between 2 boars' heads couped at the 
neck of the third ; on a chief erm., a lion passant of the 
first between 2 mascles sa. The Ulster hand gu., on 
an escutcheon arg., in the dexter chief. 

Legend, — Bibliotheca manuscript, sloaneiana. 

[State Papers, 1515-1525. Sloane MS. 3839.]. ^ 

Hans Sloane (born i6th April 1660, died i ith January 1753) was the son 
of Alexander Sloane, a Scotchman who settled in Ireland as receiver- 
general of the estates of Lord Clanricarde. 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

When he was about eighteen Hans Sloane came to London to pursue 
his studies, particularly medicine, chemistry, and botany. In botany he 
became a great authority, and his botanical collections were of great 
importance. In 1683 he went to France to continue his scientific studies, 
and on his return to London he set up as a practising physician in 
England. 

In 1687 Dr. Sloane went to the West Indies as physician to Christopher 
Monck, second Duke of Albemarle, who was Governor-General of the 
West Indian Colonies, and during the voyage the doctor made valuable 
collections, chiefly botanical, and also brought together a mass of material 
for his future use as an author. Dr. Sloane's botanical collections were 
largely increased by bequests from friends, particularly that of William 
Courten in 1702. In 1693 Dr. Sloane was Secretary to the Royal 
Society, and he was also Physician-in-Chief to George I., who in 1716 
created him a Baronet. He was President of the College of Physicians 
in 1 7 19 and of the Royal Society in 1727. Sir Hans Sloane lived in a 
house in Great Russell Street, and in 1741 he moved to more roomy 
quarters at the Manor House, Chelsea, where his collections could be 
better seen. 

By his will Sir Hans Sloane bequeathed his natural history collections, 
antiquities of all sorts, manuscripts, and printed books to the British 
Nation, conditional on the payment to his family of ^^20,000, and after 
considerable negotiation the offer was accepted. In 1753 an Act (25th 
George II., chap. 22) was passed " for the purchase of the Museum or 
Collection of Sir Hans Sloane," and the collections were in time, with 
others, removed to Montagu House, which was opened to the public in 
1759. The Sloane family is represented among the Family Trustees of 
the British Museum. 



342 



Joseph Smith 




SMITH, JOSEPH, CONSUL 

Arms, — Arg., 2 chevrons sa., each charged with 3 
fleurs-de-lys of the first ; on a chief gu., a lion passant or. 
Smith, 

Crest. — A dexter arm erect, vested chequy, vert and 
or, holding in the hand a sheaf of 3 arrov^s of the last. 



[Petrarch. Canzoniere, Venetiis, 1533.] 

343 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Joseph Smith (born circ. 1682, died 6th November 1770) went as a 
young man to Venice, and quickly became known as an ardent collector of 
books and objects of art generally. In 1740 he was appointed British 
Consul at Venice. In 1762 Smith's library was bought for George III., 
and formed the first important nucleus of His Majesty's splendid collec- 
tion. It contained especially choice editions of the classics, and also many 
incunabula. 

Mr. Smith continued to collect books after the king had made his 
purchase, and these were eventually sold by auction in 1773. George III. 
also acquired a fine collection of pictures, coins, and gems that had been 
brought together by Consul Smith. 



344 



Sir Thomas Smith 



^ 


s 


^ 




/M^\ 


6 


di 


^ 


/^^^ 


^^ 


^^P^ 




iz^^^ 


^ 


^fe 


^^\ 


y^^^ 


^^ 


^^^ 


w 


^^[^ 


M 


S^ 


\^^^ 


Sk 


Jl^ 


%^l 


\Cte 


^ 


fej^ 


fI 


^ 


^ 


^ 


V 



SMITH, SIR THOMAS, KNIGHT, OF HILL 

HALL, ESSEX 

Arms. — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; sa., a fess dancetty arg., between 3 
lioncels rampant of the second, each supporting 
an altar or, flaming ppr. Smith, 
2nd and 3rd ; arg., on a bend sa., 3 crosses of the 
first, a martlet for diflference. Charnock, 
In the centre point a crescent for difference. 
Crest. — A Phoenix arg., issuing from flames ppr. 
Helmet. — That of an Esquire. 

[Short Introduction to Latin Grammar. London, 1609.] 

Thomas Smith (born 23rd December 1513, died I2th August 1577) 
was the second son of John Smith of Saffron Walden, and Agnes Charnock. 

345 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

He was educated at Cambridge, where he attracted attention by his 
ability and was given a special scholarship by Henry VHI. In 1531 
Smith was made a Fellow of his College, and shortly afterwards University 
Orator. In 1544 he was made Regius Professor of Civil Law. He was 
Provost of Eton and Dean of Carlisle. Although in Orders, Smith 
presently came to Court and became Clerk of the Privy Council, and in 
1548 he was made one of the Secretaries to the King, and shortly after- 
wards received the honour of Knighthood. He went as Ambassador to 
the Emperor Charles V., and with an Embassy to France in 1551. 

On the accession of Queen Mary, Smith changed his crest, and adopted 
that of a salamander living in the midst of flames, alluding perhaps to the 
feet that he escaped free from the dangers of the time, he being a strong 
Protestant. The Smith crest before this had been an eagle holding a pen 
in his claw. Queen Elizabeth in turn favoured Sir Thomas, and made 
him Chancellor of the Order of the Garter, and soon afterwards Secretary 
of State. Sir Thomas Smith had a large library of books, which he 
bequeathed to one or other of the Colleges at Cambridge, or among 
private friends. He wrote several works, mostly political. 



346 



Thomas Smythe 




SMYTHE, THOMAS, VISCOUNT STRANGFORD 



Arms. — Quartered. 

1. Az., a chevron engrailed between 3 lions passant 

or. Smythe. 

2. Gu., a fess raguly between 3 boars' heads 

couped arg. Judd. 

3. Az., 3 lions rampant within a bordure arg. Chiche. 

347 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 

4. Arg., 2 chevrons az., a canton gu. Dexter. 

5. Arg., a cross voided gu. Pilkington, 

6. Arg., 5 chevrons sa. Sutton. 

7. Or, a chevron between 3 cinquefoils gu. 

Chichele. 

8. Arg., a cross voided sa. Duckenjield. 

9. Or, on a chevron sa., a mullet arg., a crescent for 

difference. Mirjin. 
Crest. — An ounce's head erased arg., collared and 
chained sa. 

Note — Used before 1628. 

[Moulin. Anatomie of Melancholy. London, 1620.] 

Thomas Smythe (born c. 1599, died 30th June 1635) was the son 
of Sir John Smythe of Ostenhanger and Ashford, High Sheriff of Kent in 
1600. Thomas Smythe inherited a considerable fortune from his father, 
who was a son of Thomas Smythe, Farmer of the Customs to Queen 
Elizabeth, his mother being Alice Judd, daughter of Sir Andrew Judd, 
Lord Mayor of London and founder of Tunbridge School. In 1625, at 
the coronation of Charles L, Thomas Smythe was made a Knight 
Commander of the Order of the Bath, and three years later he was created 
Viscount of Strangford. 



348 



John Somers, Baron Somers 




SOMERS, JOHN, BARON SOMERS 

Arms. — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; vert, a fess dancetty erm. Somers. 
2nd and 3rd ; quarterly, vert and gu., a fess dancetty 
erm., in chief a lion passant between 2 hawks 
arg. Somers of Worcestershire. 
Coronet. — That of a Baron. 

Supporters. — 2 lions erm., each charged on the neck 
with a fess dancetty vert. 

Motto. — Prodesse quam conspici. 

\Common Prayer. Oxford, 1700.] 
349 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety, — Used between 1688 and 1697. 

Arms, — Vert, a fess dancetty erm. 

Crest, — A coat of mail hanging on a laurel tree ppr. 

Helmet, — That of a Knight. 

[EcHARD. Roman History. London, 1695.] 

John Somers (born 4th March 1650, died 26th April 1716) was son of 
John Somers of Clifton-on-Severn. He was educated at Worcester and 
Oxford, and became a Bencher of the Middle Temple in 1689. 

Mr. Somers became Solicitor- General in 1688, when he received 
the honour of Knighthood, and he represented Worcester in Parliament. 
Sir John was sworn of the Privy Council in 1693, and shortly after- 
wards was made Lord Keeper of the Great Seal, Speaker of the House of 
Lords, and Lord Chancellor. In 1697 he was created Baron Somers of 
Evesham. Lord Somers was President of the Royal Society. In 1701 
he was impeached in the Commons for various supposed misdemeanours, 
but the charge was dismissed. 

The Barony of Somers became extinct at John Somers' death in 17 16, 
but it was revived in 1784 in the person of Charles Cocks of Castleditch, 
M.P. for Reigate, who was a descendant of a sister of the first Lord. 



Charles Spencer 




SPENCER, CHARLES, THIRD EARL OF 
SUNDERLAND 

Arms, — Quarterly ; arg. and gu., on the second and 
third quarters a fret or, over all on a bend sa., 3 escallops 
of the first. Spencer, 

Motto. DiEV DEFENDE LE DROICT. 

Note. — Used before 1702. 

[Camden. Britain. London, 1637.] 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Crest, — Out of a ducal coronet or, a griffin's head 
arg., gorged gu., between 2 wings expanded of the 
second. Spencer, 

Charles Spencer (born c. 1674, died iqth April 1722) was the son 
of Robert Spencer, second Earl of Sunderland, and succeeded his father in 
1702. He was from an early age a great lover and collector of books, 
which he kept at Althorp. 

In 1695 he was Member of Parliament for Tiverton ; in 1706 he was 
a Secretary of State for the Southern Department, and became of much 
political importance as a Whig leader. He was appointed Lord 
Lieutenant of Ireland in 1714. 

In 1 715 Lord Sunderland was made Lord Privy Seal, and shortly 
afterwards Vice-Treasurer of Ireland. He also held the posts of Groom 
of the Stole and Gentleman of the Bedchamber to George I. 



Charles Spencer 



Lord Sunderland was a great book collector, and a rival in this respect 
to most of his contemporaries. He was a great gambler, and his library 
was at one time pledged to the Duke of Marlborough, and in 1749 it was 
removed to Blenheim. The library was sold in 188 1, and the books 
belonging to it were widely dispersed. 

Lord Sunderland's son Charles, who in 1729 became fifth earl, on the 
demise of his aunt Henrietta, by special Act of ParHament Duchess of 
Marlborough, in 1733 succeeded to the Dukedom of the celebrated John 
Churchill. The Earldom of Sunderland from that time has been merged 
in the Dukedom of Marlborough. 



353 2 A 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




SPENCER, GEORGE JOHN, SECOND 
EARL SPENCER 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Quarterly, arg. and gu., on the 2nd and 
3rd quarters a fret or, over all on a bend sa., 3 
escallops of the first. Spencer. 
Sinister : Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; az., a bend cotised between 6 
crosses pattee or. Bingham. 
354 



George John Spencer 

2nd and 3rd ; erm., a lion rampant ducally 
crowned or. Smith, 

Crest. — Out of a ducal coronet or, a griffin's head 
arg., gorged with a bar gemelle gu., between 2 wings 
expanded of the second. 

Coronet. — That of an Earl. 

Supporters, — Dexter : A griffin, per fess erm. and 
erminois, gorged with a collar sa., the edges flory counter- 
flory chained of the last (on the collar 3 escallops arg.). 

Sinister : A wyvern erect on his tail erm., collared 
and chained as the griffin. 

Motto, DiEU DEFEND LE DROIT. 

[Cicero. Tusculanae Disputationes, Romae, 1469.] 

George John Spencer (born ist September 1758, died loth November 
1834) was the son of John Spencer, Earl Spencer. In 1783 he succeeded 
his father in the family honours. He was educated at Harrow and Cam- 
bridge. In 1780 George Spencer was Member of Parliament for 
Northampton, and shortly afterwards became a Commissioner of the 
Treasury Board. He was also Lord Privy Seal and First Lord of the 
Admiralty. In 1806 he was made Secretary of State for the Home 
Department. 

In 1 78 1 Lord Spencer married Lavinia Bingham, daughter of 
Charles, Earl of Lucan, and in 1797 he was made a Knight of the Garter. 
Lord Spencer made a magnificent collection of books at Althorp Park, 
Northampton, and acquired several already celebrated Hbraries, particularly 
those of Count Reviczky and the Duke of Cassano-Serra. Several of 
Lord Spencer's books were bound for him by Charles Kalthoeber, a 
celebrated binder who worked also for George III., and closely imitated 
the work of Roger Payne, whose own work is also excellently represented 
in the library. 

In 1892 the Althorp Library was purchased by Mrs. Rylands of 
Longford Hall, Manchester, and subsequently presented by her to the city 
of Manchester in memory of her husband, Mr. John Rylands. 

355 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



^^0 






'« 


«. 








M 






Pi 


L 


i 


y^'i^/W;; 


■wpSB 


b 


^ 


^^)^BS3 


^ 



STANLEY, THOMAS 

Crest. — An eagle's head couped arg., charged with 
3 pellets, one and two, holding in his beak an eagle's 
leg erased a la cuise, gu. Stanley, 

[FioRAVANTi. Delia Fisica, Venetiis, 1582.] 

Thomas Stanley (born circ. 1625, died circ. 1678) was the son of 
Sir Thomas Stanley of Cumberlow, Hertfordshire. He was educated at 
Cambridge, and occupied himself in literary pursuits from an early age. 

Mr. Stanley wrote a number of poetical works, and also made several 
translations from Greek and Latin authors. In 1655 he published a 
History of Philosophy which during his lifetime enjoyed a great reputation. 
His edition of Mschylus was also very successful. Several of his manu- 
scripts are now kept in the University Library at Cambridge. 



356 



Charles Stuart 




STUART, CHARLES, BARON STUART DE 
ROTHESAY 

Arms, — Or, a fess chequy az. and arg., within a 
double tressure flory counterflory gu. Stuart, 

Crest, — A demi lion rampant gu., and over it the 
motto NoBiLis (est) ira (leonis). 
Motto, — AviTo viRET HONORE. Used before 1812. 

[Severim. Nottcias de Portugal, Lisboa, 1740.] 



357 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




Variety, 

Arms. — Or, a fess chequy az. and arg., within a 
double tressure flory counterflory gu. A mullet for 
difference. Stuart. 

Within the collar of a Knight Grand Cross of the 
Order of the Bath, having the badge of the order 
dependent therefrom. Used after 1812. 

[Perez del Pulgar. Coronica llamada Las dos 
Conquistas del Regno de Napo/es. Carg09a, 1559.] 

Charles Stuart (born 2nd January 1779, died 6th November 1845) was 
the son of General Sir Charles Stuart, K.C.B., son of the Earl of Bute. 
Mr. Stuart had an important diplomatic career, and filled several high 
posts. He was Charge d'affaires at Madrid, Envoy to Portugal, Minister 
at the Hague, and Ambassador to Paris. 

In 181 2 he was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the 
Bath, and in 1828 he was created Baron Stuart de Rothesay, a high honour, 
as the Barony of Rothesay is one of the hereditary honours of the Prince 
of Wales. Lord Stuart was afterwards Ambassador to St. Petersburg. He 
brought over from France the beautiful castle of HighclifFe, Hants, where 
the German Emperor recently stayed. He left no male heir, so his 
peerage became extinct at his death. 

358 



Thomas Sutton 




SUTTON, THOMAS 

Arms, — On a chevron between 3 annulets gu., as 
many crescents of the field. Sutton. 

Crest, — A greyhound's head couped erm., collared gu., 
garnished and ringed or, on the collar an annulet of the 
first. 

Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

Legend, — Thos • sutton • arm • fundator. 

359 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Note. — The word fundator applies to Charterhouse 
School. 

[C^SAR. C, Julii Casaris quae extant, Lugduni 
Batavorum, 1635.] 

Thomas Sutton (born circ. 1532, died 12th December 161 1) was the 
son of Richard Sutton, Steward of the Courts of Lincoln. He is said to 
have been educated at Eton, and afterwards studied law at Lincoln's Inn. 
In early life Sutton was a soldier and saw active service, and in 1569 he 
was appointed Master of the Ordnance in the North. 

While in the north Sutton acquired considerable possessions in land, 
and from these he drew a large fortune. One of the ships fitted out to 
resist the Spanish Armada was called the "Sutton." Sutton was very 
generous with his money, and in 161 1 he purchased Charterhouse in 
Middlesex, where he founded the famous school of that name. The 
foundation of this school was originally intended for the benefit of forty 
boys of good birth and necessitous parents, but in time it came about that 
to be a foundation scholar, or gown boy, was a mark of distinction. 
Thackeray was a Charterhouse boy and was familiar with the surroundings 
there. Besides the school, there was a foundation or hospital at Charter- 
house for " poverty-striken gentlemen." The school was moved to 
Godalming in 1872, but the "hospital" still remains in Charterhouse 
Square. Sutton's tomb is in the Chapel at the Charterhouse. 



360 



Robert Sydney, Earl of Leicester 




SYDNEY, ROBERT, EARL OF LEICESTER 



Arms. — Quartered. 

1. Arg., a pheon az. Sydney. 

361 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

2. Barry of lo, arg. and gu., a lion rampant 

ducally crowned or. Brandon, 

3. Or, a lion rampant az. Brabant, 

4. Or, 2 lions passant az. Dudley. 

5. Barry of 6, arg. and az., in chief a label of 

the first. Grey, 

6. Arg., a maunch sa. Hastings, 

7. Az., a wolfs head erased arg. Lupus, 

8. Barry of 10, arg. and az., an orle of ten 

martlets gu. Valence ^ Earl of Pembroke, 

9. A lion rampant. .? 

10. Gu., 7 mascles conjoined or, three, three, and 

one. Ferrers of Groby, 

11. Az., a lion rampant arg., within a bordure 

engrailed or. Tyrrell, 

12. Gu., a fess between 6 crosses crosslet or. 

Beauchamp, 

13. Chequy, or and az., a chevron erm. Warwick, 

14. Gu., a lion statant arg., crowned or. Lyle, 

15. Arg., a chevron sa. Trelawney, 

1 6. Arg., a fess dancetty gu. Dene, 

On an escutcheon of pretence, being the arms of 
Barbara Gamage. 
Quarterly. 

1. Arg., a bend lozengy gu., on a chief az., 3 

escallops arg. Gamage, 

2. Vairy, arg. and gu. Nowers, 

362 



Robert Sydney, Earl of Leicester 

3. Chequy, or and arg., a fess erm. Calthrop, 

4. Arg., 3 chevrons gu. Langton, 

\Polydort Vergilii historiae^ libri vigintiseptem. Basileae, 

1570.] 

Robert Sydney (born November 1563, died 13th July 1626) was 
the son of Sir Henry Sydney, K.G. He was educated at Oxford, and 
in 1584 became Member of Parliament for Glamorganshire, and afterwards 
for Kent. In 1586 he was knighted by the Earl of Leicester, and in 
1603 he was created Baron Sydney of Penshurst, and two years afterwards 
Viscount L'Isle. 

Lord L'Isle was made a Knight of the Garter in 161 6, and in 161 8 he 
was created Earl of Leicester. In 1584 he married Barbara Gamage of 
Coity, daughter of John Gamage. She died in 1621, and Lord Leicester 
married for his second wife Sarah, daughter of William Blount. 



:^^z 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




SYKES, SIR MARK MASTERMAN, BARONET 

Arms. — Quarterly. 

1st and 4th ; arg., a chevron sa, between 3 

sykes, or fountains, ppr. Sykes, 
2nd and 3rd ; gu., an estoile between 3 fleurs- 

de-lys arg. Masterman, 
In the centre point the Ulster hand, gu. Above 
the shield are the letters M[ark] M[asterman] 
S[ykes]. 
Note, — Used after 1795. 



[Valerius Maximus. Facta et Dicta Memorabilia^ 

Mainz, 1471.] 

364 



Sir Mark Masterman Sykes, Bart. 

Mark Sykes (born circ. 1771, died i6th February 1823) was the 
son of Sir Christopher Sykes, Baronet, of Sledmere, Yorks. He succeeded 
his father in the baronetcy in 1801. Mr. Sykes was educated at Oxford, 
and in 1795 was High Sheriff of Yorkshire. He represented York in 
Parliament for several years. He assumed the additional name of Masterman 
in 1795, on the occasion of his marriage to Henrietta, daughter and heiress 
of Henry Masterman of Settrington, Yorks, but he left no heirs and was 
succeeded by his brother Tatton. 

Sir Mark Sykes possessed a magnificent library, rich in classics and 
incunabula, and also a valuable collection of antiquities and pictures. His 
collections were sold at his death, and his books and other treasures are 
widely distributed. 



3^5 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 




TASH, THOMAS 



Arms, — Per pale, or and gu., a chevron between 3 
cinquefoils counterchanged, on a chief per pale of the 
second and first (2) escallops counterchanged. Task, 

Crest, — A greyhound courant or. 

zee 



Thomas Tash 

[Tymme. a silver watch-bell. Aberdene, 1627.] 
[W. E. Axon, Esq. Deansgate. Manchester.] 

Thomas Tash, of London, was one of the Commissioners of Custom 
for England and Wales in 1752, but there appears to be no more known 
about him. There ought to be another escallop on the coat-of-arms 
illustrated, and according to the printed authorities the crest of Tash 
should be a demi greyhound. 



3^7 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




TOPSFIELD 



Arms. — Gu., on a chevron erm., 3 martlets sa., in 
chief a mullet or. TopsfieU, 

Crest, — A talbot couchant guardant in front of a tree, 
all ppr. 

Helmet. — That of an Esquire. 

368 



Topsfield 

Motto, — Fayth faileth not. 

[England. In this volume are conteined the statutes 
made . . . from the time of King Henry the thirde 
unto . . . Kyng Henry the Fill. London, 1564.] 

This stamp belonged to a member of the old family of Topsfield, who 
owned the estate of Frisingfield, near Harleston in Norfolk, but I have as 
yet not been able to find out which particular member used it. 



369 2B 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 




TOWNELEY, RICHARD 



Arms, — Arg., a fess sa., in chief 3 mullets of the 
second. Towneley, 

Motto, — Tenez le vray. 
Date, — 1603. 

{The Hy story writtone by Thucidides the At he ny an of the 
warre which was betwene the Feloponesians and the 
Athenyafjs, London, 1550.] 

370 



Richard Towneley 



The family of Towneley is one of ancient domicile in Lancashire. 
The member of it to whom the accompanying book-stamp probably 
belonged was Richard Towneley of Towneley Hall near Burnley, who 
lived there from about 1580 till about 1640. 

His son Christopher was a well-known antiquary, but the most dis- 
tinguished member of the family was Charles Towneley, who lived in the 
eighteenth century. He made a very important collection of ancient 
statuary and terra-cottas, which were purchased for the British Museum 
in 1805, ^^^ ^ member of the Towneley family is always represented on 
the Museum Board of Trustees. 



371 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




TREVOR, MARCUS, VISCOUNT DUNGANNON 

Arms, — Per bend sinister erm. and erminois, a lion 
rampant or. Trevor, 

[Beaulieu. Take heed of both extremes, London, 1675.] 



372 



Marcus Trevor 




Crest. — A wyvern with wings addorsed, sa. 
Initials.- — I. D. 

[Beaulieu. Take heed of both extremes. London, 1675.] 

Marcus Trevor (born circ. 1620, died circ. 1683) belonged to the 
family of Trevor of Brynlcinalt in Denbighshire. He was a strong 
Royalist, and took part in the struggle betu^een Charles I. and the 
Parliamentarians. After the Restoration Charles II. made Colonel 
Trevor a peer, and in 1662 created him Baron Trevor and Viscount 
Dungannon, both of which peerages became extinct in 1706 on the death 
of his grandson Marcus. Lord Dungannon married twice \ his first wife 
was a daughter of Sir Marmaduke Whitechurch, and his second wife was 
a daughter of John Lewis. 



373 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




TREWARTHEN, FAMILY OF 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

1. Arg., a boar passant gu. Trewarthen, 

2. Arg., a bend sa. Blackhorne, 

3. Az., on a chevron between 3 estoiles or, as many 

lozenges sa. Butts, 

4. Chequy, or and az., on a chief arg., gutty de 

sang. Cole skill. 
Crest, — A double plume of 5 ostrich feathers, arg. 

[Austin. Devout Meditations, London, 1635.] 

The family of Trewarthen is an old one belonging to the county of 
Cornwall, but to which particular member of the family this stamp 
belonged I have been unable to decide at present. 

374 



Tudor Rose 




TUDOR ROSE 



Device. — A Tudor Rose arg. and gu., seeded or and 
leaved vert, v^ithin a ribbon bearing the legend 

HEC ROSA VIRTUTIS DE CELO MISSA SERENO ETERNU 
FLORENS REGIA SCEPTRA FERET. 

Supporters. — Two kneeling angels. 
Badges. — In the dexter corner a sun in glory and the 
shield of St. George, arg., a cross gu. 
In the sinister corner a half-moon with face, and 
the shield of the City of London, arg., a cross 
gu. ; in the first quarter a sword in pale of the 
last, point upwards. In the sky stars. 
375 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Initials. — I.N., i.e. Ihon Norins, with his trade device. 

[Cicero. Commentarii questionum Tusculanarum. Parhisii, 

1509-] 

This stamp is generally found in combination with one or other of the 
armorial stamps which I have figured and placed under the heading of 
Henry VIH. No doubt there was some authority given to use these 
Royal emblems, and although so far no reliable account of such authority 
is forthcoming, it is likely enough that members of the Stationers* 
Company may have been granted the privilege. On all these bindings 
the coat-of-arms of the City of London appears. On many of them are 
also initials which are very often those of well-known contemporary 
printers and binders. The original stamps were cut in latten, a form of 
brass — copper and zinc — and impressed on the leather in blind, that is 
without gold, the design showing in low relief. 

The latten plates were probably attached to wooden blocks by means 
of two or more metal pins, and in many instances, by reason of irregular 
pressure, these pins, the tops of which were engraved in continuation of 
the general design, have been forced a little out of their normal level. The 
result is that they show very clearly as indented marks. The pressure 
necessary to make a good impression from one of these large stamps is 
considerable ; it may have been done by a slow constant pressure or by 
quick pressure from hammer strokes, and the leather was in any case 
softened by water. Bindings with these stamps upon them were either 
of calf or sheep-skin. 



376 



James Usher 




USHER, JAMES, ARCHBISHOP OF ARMAGH 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Az., an archiepiscopal staff, headed with 
a cross pattee or, over all a pall arg., charged 
with 3 crosses pattee fitchee sa. See of Armagh, 

Sinister : Az., a chevron erm., between 3 batons 
or. Usher, 

[Usher. Britannicae Eccksiae Afitiquitates, Dublin, 1639.] 

James Usher (born 4th January 1580, died 21st March 1656) was the 
son of Arnold Usher, Clerk of the Irish Court of Chancery. He was educated 
at Trinity College, Dublin, and in 1601 he took orders, and became a 
preacher of much note. In 1620 Dr. Usher was made Bishop of Meath 
and Clonmacnoise, and in 1624 ^^ ^^s consecrated Archbishop of Armagh. 

Archbishop Usher wrote several very important theological works, and 
he took part in all the controversies of his time. He was a divine of much 
learning and a great scholar. His extensive library is for the greater 
part in Trinity College, Dublin, where it was sent as a gift by Charles 11. 



377 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




UTTERSON, EDWARD VERNON 



Arms, — A Lymphad, with sail furled, on a sea in 
base ppr., at the poop a flag flying towards the bow, arg., 
fimbriated vert, charged with a pomme in fess ; on a chief 
gu., 3 bezants, each charged with a mullet. Utterson, 

[The Hy story of the two valyaunte brethren Valentyne and 
Orson . . . translated from the French by H. 
Watson. London, 1565.] 

Edward Vernon Utterson (born circ. 1775, died 14th July 1856) 
was the son of John Utterson of Fareham in Hampshire. He was educated 
at Eton and Cambridge, and in 1802 was called to the bar. He was 
all his life a great collector of books. Mr. Utterson set up a private press 
at Ryde, in the Isle of Wight, known as the Beldornie Press, and here 
he reprinted such of the early English plays and poems as pleased him. 
He also edited a number of reprints of important English books, some 
of which are very handsomely produced. 

378 



Queen Victoria 




VICTORIA, QUEEN OF THE UNITED KING- 
DOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, 
DEFENDER OF THE FAITH, EMPRESS 
OF INDIA. 

Arms, — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 
1st and 4th ; England. 
2nd ; Scotland. 
3rd ; Ireland. 

All coloured as used by James I. (q.v.) and ensigned 
by a Royal Crown. 

379 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Supporters. — The lion and the unicorn, as used by 
James I. (q.v.). 

Motto. DiEU ET MON DROIT. 

\Galerie Roy ale de Costumes. Paris, 1042.] 

The Princess Victoria (born 24th May 18 19, died 22nd January 1901) 
was the only child of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III., 
and Victoria Marie Louisa of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield. On the death of 
William IV., i8th June 1837, the Princess Victoria succeeded to the 
throne of England. Queen Victoria was crowned at Westminster on 
20th June 1838, and on the ist January 1877 Her Majesty was pro- 
claimed Empress of India, at Delhi. On the loth February 1840, Queen 
Victoria married her cousin Albert, the youngest son of Ernest, Prince of 
Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. 

On the accession of Queen Victoria to the English throne, the 
Kingdom of Hanover became separated from England, in consequence of 
the operation of the Salic Law, The coat-of-arms of the dominions in 
Germany was accordingly left out of the Royal coat. The Duke of 
Cumberland, the Queen's uncle, became King of Hanover, which country 
is now part of the German Empire. 



380 



Augustine Vincent 




VINCENT, AUGUSTINE, WINDSOR HERALD 



Arms. — Arg., on a pile az., 3 quatrefoils of the 
first. Vincent, 

Crest. — Out of an heraldic coronet a bear's head ppr. 
Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 
Supporter. — A bear collared and chained ppr. 
Legend. — Vincenti avgvsta. 

[Chasseneux. Catalogus Gloriae Mundi. 
Francofurti, 1603.] 

381 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Augustine Vincent (born circ. 1584, died nth January 1625) was 
the son of William Vincent. He showed antiquarian and heraldic tastes 
at an early age, and in 161 5 was made Rouge Rose Pursuivant, and in 
1624 Windsor Herald. Vincent collected valuable material concerning 
heraldic and genealogical matter, and his manuscripts are chiefly to be 
found either at the College of Arms or the Bodleian Library at Oxford. 

In Vincent's time it was the custom to carry out the heraldic visita- 
tions by deputy. These visitations should have been made by the 
Heralds in person, and in 161 9 there was much trouble about the matter, 
and strong complaints were made to the Earl Marshal by both Garter and 
Norroy. The difficulty was brought to a head by the appointment of 
Vincent, then Rouge Rose Pursuivant, to carry out the visitations of 
Northamptonshire and Rutlandshire as deputy for William Camden, 
Clarencieux Herald. 



382 



James Waldegrave 




WALDEGRAVE, JAMES, SECOND EARL 
WALDEGRAVE 

Arms. — Per pale, arg. and gu. Waldegrave, 
Supporters. — Two talbots sa., eared or, each gorged 
with a mural crown, arg. 

Coronet. — That of an Earl. 

[Prevost d'Exiles. Memoirs d'un Homme de Qualite. 

Paris, 1732.] 

James Waldegrave (born 4th March 17 14, died 13th April 1763) was 
the son of James, first Earl Waldegrave, and succeeded >his father in the 
Earldom in 174 1. In 1752 Lord Waldegrave w^as Governor and Keeper 
of the Privy Purse to George, Prince of Wales. In 1757 he was made a 
Knight of the Garter and a Teller of the Exchequer. Lord Waldegrave 
wrote a book of Historical Memoirs from 1754 to 1757. He married a 
daughter of Sir Edward Walpole but had no son, and at his death the 
family honours devolved upon his brother John. 



383 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




WALKER, SIR EDWARD, KNIGHT 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; arg., on a cross of St. George gu., 5 

leopards' faces or. Coat of Augmejitation, 
2nd and 3rd ; arg., a chevron between 3 crescents 
sa., an annulet for difference. Walker, 
Supporter, — A greyhound, collared. 

Motto, LOYAVTE MON HONNEVR. 



\Indentures of Military Service^ Edw, I II,- He/2, VII, 
Stowe MS. 440.] 

Edward Walker (born 24th January 161 1, died 19th February 1676) 
was the son of Edward Walker of Roobers, Nether Stowey, Somerset. 
He joined the College of Arms as an official, and in 1635 he was made 

384 



sir Edward Walker 

Blanch Lion Pursuivant, filling successively the positions of Rouge Croix 
Pursuivant and Chester Herald. 

Walker took part with Charles I. in the war with the Roundheads, and 
served as Secretary-at-War, and was at Naseby. In 1644 he was created 
Norroy King-of-Arms, and in 1645 he succeeded Sir Henry St. George 
as Garter. In the same year he received the honour of Knighthood. 
In 1649 ^^^ Edward Walker was made Clerk of the Council in 
Ordinary, but in 1650 he got into trouble as a Royalist, and found 
refuge in Holland. After some trouble he invested William, Prince of 
Orange, with the Garter in 1653. 

At the Restoration Walker superintended the arrangements for the 
coronation, and his remaining years seem to have been spent in quarrels 
with other members of the Heralds' College. Sir Edward Walker wrote 
a considerable number of historical and genealogical works, particularly 
an illustrated edition of the coronation of Charles II. Many of his 
manuscripts are in the British Museum, and others are at the Bodleian 
Library at Oxford. 



385 - 2 C 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




WALPOLE, HORACE, FOURTH 
EARL OF OXFORD 

Arms, — Or, on a fess between 2 chevrons sa., 3 crosses 
crosslet of the first, a mullet for diflference. Walpole, 

Crest, — The bust of a man in profile couped, ppr., 
ducally coroneted or, and from the coronet, flowing 
forward, a long cap gu., tasselled or, charged with a 
Catherine wheel of the last. 

Helmet, — That of an Esquire. 

Motto, FaRI QU-ffi SENTIAT. 

[Watts. Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, 

London, 1764.] 

386 



Horace Walpole 



Horace Walpole (born 5th October 17 17, died 2nd March 1797) was 
a younger son of Robert Walpole, Earl of Oxford, for many years Prime 
Minister of England. He was educated at Eton and Cambridge, and as a 
young man studied law. For a time Mr. Walpole served in the office of 
the Exchequer, and represented Callington, Castle Rising, and King's 
Lynn in Parliament, where the chief thing he did seems to have been 
that he exerted himself to save the life of Admiral Byng. 

In 1792 Mr. Walpole succeeded his nephew George in the Earldom, 
but never took his seat in the House of Lords. On his death without 
heirs most of his titles became extinct, but the Barony of Walpole 
devolved on his cousin Horatio. 

At Strawberry Hill, near Twickenham, Walpole collected a splendid 
library, and also a number of pictures, antiquities, and treasures of all 
sorts. Here also he set up a private press, at which he printed many of 
his own works. Many of Walpole's books are now famous ; among the 
best known are, perhaps, the Anecdotes of Painting and the Castle of 
Otranto, The Strawberry Hill Collection was sold in 1840. 



387 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 





Sl 


^^ 


^ 


^ 




St 


J 




v^ 


"^ 


^p 


r 



WARE, SIR JAMES, KNIGHT 

Arms, — Or, 2 lions passant az., within a bordure of 
the second, charged with 8 escallops of the first, 3, 2, 2, 
and I. Ware, 

[GiRALDUs Cambrensis. De Topographia Hibernica, 
Add. MS. 33,991-] 

James Ware (born 26th November 1594, died ist December 1666) 
was the son of Sir James Ware of Dublin. He was educated at Trinity 
College, Dublin, and soon developed literary and antiquarian tastes, and 
became a collector of manuscripts and antiquities, particularly relating to 
Ireland. He was knighted in 1629 ^Y *^^ Lords Justices, and in 1632 
became Auditor-General in Ireland, and in 1661 Member for the 
University of Dublin. Sir James was imprisoned in the Tower of London 
as a Royalist, and was afterwards a hostage for Ireland. Sir James Ware 
pubHshed some very valuable books on Irish antiquities, most of them in 
Latin, but a collection of his works has been translated into English. 



388 



Lewis Watson 




WATSON, LEWIS, EARL OF ROCKINGHAM 

Arms, — Arg., on a chevron az., between 3 martlets 
sa., as many crescents or. Watson, 

Supporters, — Two griffins az., ducally gorged or. 
Coronet, — That of an Earl. 
Motto, — Mea gloria fides. 

\Poste da Roma, Roma, 1600 .?] 

Lewis Watson (born 29th December 1655, died 19th March 1723) 
was the son of Edward Watson, Baron Rockingham, and succeeded to 
the Barony in 1689. In 1681 Mr. Watson represented Canterbury in 
Parliament, and afterward Higham Ferrers. In 1703, Lord Rockingham 
was Master of the Buckhounds, and he was also Lord Lieutenant of Kent. 
In 1 7 14, besides other dignities. Baron Rockingham was created Earl 
of Rockingham. He also held the posts of Vice-Admiral of Kent and 
Deputy- Warden of the Cinque Ports. He married twice, his first wife 
being a daughter of George Sondes, Viscount Sondes and Baron Throwley, 
besides other titles, and these two peerages were revived in 17 14 in the 
person of Lord Rockingham when he was created an Earl. 

389 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




WHITE, RICHARD SAMUEL 

Arms, — Erm., on a pale gu., 2 roses ppr., on a chief 
indented az., 2 leopards' heads erased arg. White. 

Crest, — A falcon, wings extended erm., charged with 
a rose ppr., holding in his beak an escutcheon, bendy 
indented gu. and arg. 

Motto. — Perseverando. 

Legend. — Richard Samuel White, Esq. 

[Sternhold and Hopkins. The whole booke of Psalmes 
collected into Englyshe Meter. London, 1564.] 

Richard Samuel White may have been a descendant of Captain Samuel 
White who married Edith, daughter of John Watson of Charlton House, 
Dorset. I do not find his name in any of the ordinary lists, but some of 
the bearings in his coat-of-arms are similar to those used by the family 
of White of Charlton. 



390 



John Whitgift 



^.^ irsrr^fh^ 




X 


Bit=^s>w 


W(^=^)k 


^^ 






X 




iHi 




^ 


(fc»j 


■li 




yii 




Ml 




W 


jjl 


Jitt. 




\^ 




® 




V 




jjgjr^^^ 




f^ 



WHITGIFT, JOHN, ARCHBISHOP OF 
CANTERBURY 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Az., an archiepiscopal staff headed with 

a cross pattee or, surmounted of a pall arg., 

charged with 4 crosses pattee fitchee sa., fringed 

and edged or. See of Canterbury, 
Sinister : Arg., on a cross flory sa., 4 bezants. 

Whitgift, 

\_Dionysii Lebei Batillii Reg, mediomatricii Praesidis 
Emblemata, Francofurti ad Moenu, 1596.] 

John Whitgift (born 1530, died 29th February 1603) was the son of 
Henry Whitgift of Great Grimsby in Lincolnshire. He was educated at 
Cambridge and took orders in 1560. He was an eloquent preacher and 
quickly made his name famous. 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

In 1567 he was made Regius Professor of Divinity, and took much 
interest and effected many reforms in the Government of the University. 
In 1571 he became Dean of Lincoln. Dr. Whitgift was made Bishop of 
Worcester in 1576, and in 1583 Archbishop of Canterbury. Archbishop 
Whitgift was a rich man, and was also a great favourite of Queen 
Elizabeth's. He was an excellent organiser and ruled church matters 
with a strong hand. He left a number of sermons and tracts, several of 
which have been published by the Parker Society, and others still remain in 
manuscript at Lambeth, the Bodleian, the Record Office, and the British 
Museum. 



392 



William III. and Mary II. 




WILLIAM III. AND MARY II., KING AND 
QUEEN OF ENGLAND, FRANCE, AND 
IRELAND. AFTERWARDS WILLIAM III., 
KING OF GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE, 
AND IRELAND. 



Arms. — Within the Garter. Quarterly. 
1st, England. 
2nd, Scotland. 
3rd, Ireland. 
4th, France. 

393 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

All coloured as used by James I. (q.v.). Over all on 
an escutcheon of pretence, az., semee of billets, a lion 
rampant or. Nassau. 

Crest, — A Royal crown ppr., thereon a lion statant 
guardant or, crowned ppr. 

Helmet, — That of a King. 

Motto. DiEV ET MON DROIT. 

Initials,— VfK (William Rex) and MR (Mary 
Regina). 

[^Common Prayer, Oxford, 1681.] 



f 




g 


\ 




^ 


fe^^^-^^N^ 


^ 


F^ 


A 




flffiLi 't^ 


N^ 


ht 




tf-m 


v\ 


Mi 


^B>r:l 


Sm^J^ 


1 ♦< 


s' 


^)^m 


i^k 


hi 


1 


r*t®&^ 




S 


s 




-^^^^ 


r 




^••^oX^j 


1 1 ^.^^^ 






^ 


y 





Variety. — Without sup- 
porters. 

[ToucHET. Memoirs of the 
Earl of Castlehaven. 
London, 168 1.] 



Initials, — WK (William Rex) 
within palm sprays and ensigned 
with a Royal Crown. 

Used after 1694. 

[Henri III., King of France. Le 

Divorce Satyrique, Paris.] 

394 




William III. and Mary II 




Arms, — As Prince of Orange. Within the Garter. 
Quarterly. 

1. Az., semee of billets, a lion rampant or. 

Nassau, 

2. Or, a lion rampant guardant gu., crowned az. 

Dietz. 

3. Gu., a fess arg. Vianden. 

4. Gu., 2 lions passant guardant or. Catsenelboge, 
On an escutcheon of pretence on the centre point. 

Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; gu., a bend or. Chalon, 

2nd and 3rd ; or, a bugle horn az., stringed gu. 

Orange, 

Over all chequy, or and az. Geneva, 

In the centre chief point on an escutcheon or, a fess 

gu. Moers, 

395 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

In the base point on an escutcheon gu., a fess em- 
battled arg. Buren, 

Over all a Ducal coronet. 
Note. — Used before 1689. 

\Apologte pour la Maison de Nassau. jMadril, 1664.] 

Prince William (born 4th November 1650, died 8th March 1702) was 
the son of William Prince of Orange and the Princess Mary, eldest 
daughter of Charles I. Prince William married the Princess Mary, eldest 
daughter of James, Duke of York, afterwards James II., and Anne Hyde. 
The Prince of Orange deposed his father-in-law James II., in 1689, and 
was declared king in his stead. William and Mary were, however, joint 
sovereigns, and the crowns, sceptres, and orbs were all doubled for them, 
and on the Great Seal they are both represented, one hand of each resting 
on the orb. 

Queen Mary died in 1694, and after that date King William reigned 
alone. The same coat-of-arms was used all through, but during the double 
reign the initials " WR " and "MR" are generally added. It is curious 
to note that William III. several times altered the place of the coat-of-arms 
of France on the English coat. 



396 



William IV. 




WILLIAM IV., KING OF THE UNITED KING- 
DOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 



Arms. — Within the Garter and with the collar and 
badge of the order. Quarterly. 
1st and 4th, England, 
2nd, Scotland, 
3rd, Ireland, 
And on an escutcheon of pretence, ensigned with the 
Royal Crown of Hanover, the arms of the Dominions in 
Germany, as used by George III. (q.v.) after 18 16. 

397 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Crest, — A Royal crown ppr., thereon a lion statant 
or, crowned ppr. 

Helmet, — That of a King. 

Supporters, — A lion and a unicorn, as used by James 
I. (q.v.). 

Motto, DiEU ET MON DROIT. 

Badges, — Tudor Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock. 

[^Inventories of the various Services of Plate belonging to the 
Crown, London, 1832.] 



398 



William IV. 






Variety,— Th^ Royal Cypher " WR IlII. " (William 
Rex nil.) within the Garter and ensigned with a Royal 
Crown. 

[Delpech. Iconographie des contemporains, Paris, 1832.] 



William, Duke of Clarence (born 21st August 1763, died 20th June 
1837), was the third son of George III., and succeeded his brother George 
IV. on the throne of England in 1830. He was parsimonious, and the 
economy used at his coronation was so marked that it was called a "'Half 
Crown-ation." William IV. married Adelaide, daughter of George 
Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, and their two daughters died as 
children. 

399 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

The Royal Libraries were twice given to the Nation, once by George 
II., on the foundation of the British Museum, and again by George IV., 
after the death of his father. WilHam IV. evidently thought that there 
had been enough generosity in this matter on the part of his predecessors, 
and he added to his will an autograph codicil, dated " Pavilhon, Brighton, 
30th November 1834," to the effect that "I further declare that all the 
Books, Drawings, and Plans collected in all the Palaces shally^r^^r continue 
heirlooms to the Crown, and on no pretence whatever to be alienated 
from the Crown." 



400 



John Williams 




WILLIAMS, JOHN, BISHOP OF LINCOLN, 
AFTERWARDS ARCHBISHOP OF YORK 



Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Gu., 2 lions passant guardant or, on a 

chief az., our lady sitting with her babe crowned 

and sceptred. See of Lincoln, 
Sinister : Quarterly. 

ist and 4th ; gu., a chevron (erm.) between 3 

401 2 D 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

human heads in profile, couped at the neck, 
ppr., hair and beards sa. 2nd and 3rd ; gu., 
a chevron or, between 3 stags' faces arg., 
attired or. Williams, 

[Hebrew Bible,] 

John Williams (born 25th March 1582, died 25th March 1650) was the 
son of Edmond Williams of Conway, and was educated at Ruthin Grammar 
School and at Cambridge. In 1603 he was ordained, and he soon became 
known as an able preacher. After holding several minor ecclesiastical 
preferments and enjoying the favour of James I., he was made Dean of 
Salisbury in 16 19. In 1620 Dr. Williams became Dean of Westminster, 
and in 1621 he was consecrated Bishop of Lincoln. In the House of 
Lords Bishop Williams took a very important part in the discussions and 
legislation concerning the power of the Sovereign in 1628. 

In 1635 the Bishop's enemies succeeded in bringing him before the 
Star Chamber on a charge of subornation of perjury, and he was con- 
demned to a heavy fine and loss of profits of his many benefices. He was 
imprisoned in the Tower until he was granted an unconditional release 
by the House of Lords in 1640. In 1641, with other Bishops, Williams 
was again committed to the Tower on a charge of high treason, but soon 
escaped, forfeiting his bail. He again took a leading part in the proceed- 
ings of the House of Lords, and was translated to the Archbishopric of York, 
where he was enthroned in 1642. 

Archbishop Williams worked hard for the Royalist cause ; he fortified 
Conway Castle and organised the militia. He was possessed of considerable 
wealth, and was liberal and charitable. Several of his sermons and 
speeches were published. 



402 



Thomas Windsor 




WINDSOR, THOMAS, SIXTH BARON 
WINDSOR 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

1. Gu., a saltire between 12 crosses pattee or. 

Windsor, 

2. Barry nebuly or and sa. Blount, 

3. Gu., a fret or. Audley, 

4. Vairy, arg. and sa. MeynelL 

403 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

Crest, — A buck's head affrontee, couped at the neck 
arg., attired or. 

Helmet, — That of a Peer. 

Supporters. — Dexter, a unicorn arg., armed, maned, 
and unguled or. Sinister, a fox ppr. 

[OssAT. Lettres, Paris, 1627.] 

Thomas Windsor (born circ. 1580, died 6th December 1642) was the son 
of Henry Windsor, fifth Baron Windsor. He succeeded his father in 
the Barony in 1605. In 1610 Lord Windsor was made a Knight 
Commander of the Order of the Bath, and was Rear-Admiral in the 
Navy. He commanded the fleet sent to Spain to bring back Prince 
Charles. Lord Windsor left no son, and his title was inherited by his 
nephew, Thomas Windsor-Hickman, the son of Elizabeth, daughter and 
heiress of the fifth Baron. He married Dixie Hickman of Kew, Surrey. 



404 



Michael WodhuU 




WODHULL, MICHAEL 

Arms, — Impaled. 

Dexter : Or, 3 crescents gu. WoodhulL 
Sinister : Erm., on a fess gu., 3 escallops or. 
Ingram. 
Crest. — Out of an heraldic coronet 2 wings 
addorsed, arg. 

[M. T. CiCERONis Quaestionorum tusculanarum^ libri quinq. 
Florentiae, 1514.] 

Michael WodhuU (born 15th August 1740, died lOth November 1816) 
was the son of John WodhuU. He was educated at Winchester and 
Oxford. Mr. WodhuU married a Miss Ingram of Wolford in Warwick- 

405 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

shire ; he was a collector of books and an author and translator of the 
classics. At his library at his house at Thenford, Wodhull had an extensive 
collection of books, many of which were bound by Roger Payne, and 
among which were several fine historical bindings. These books were 
dispersed by sale, partly during Mr. Wodhull's lifetime, but mostly after 
his death. In 1783 he was High Sheriff of Northamptonshire. 



406 



Worthington 




WORTHINGTON 

Arms, — Impaled. 
Dexter : Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; arg., 3 dung-forks sa. Worth- 

ington. 
2nd and 3rd ; arg., 3 chevrons gu. Langton, 
Sinister : Arg., a cross moline gu. Colvile, 

[Calvin. A Harmonie upon the Gospels, Londini, 1610.] 

The family of Worthington has been well known in several counties, 
but chiefly in Lancashire. Members of the family have also settled in 
Suffolk and in Cheshire. 

I have not been able to decide to which member of the Worthington 
family this particular coat-of-arms belonged. 



407 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




WOTTOxN, EDWARD, BARON WOTTON 

Arms, — Quarterly. 

I St and 4th ; arg., a saltire engrailed sa. Wotton. 

2nd and 3rd ; arg., on a chief sa., a lion passant of 
the first. Rudston, 
Note, — Used before 1602. 

[Plinius Secundus. Historia Naturalis, Lugduni, 1548.] 

Edward Wotton (born circ. 1548, died circ. 1626) was the son of 
Thomas Wotton by his first wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Rudston, 
Lord Mayor of London. Mr. Wotton was a man of much learning and 
a great linguist, and in 1583 he was Member of Parliament for Kent. 
He was Elizabeth's emissary to James VL concerning his marriage, and 
also about a treaty of alliance. In 1591 he received the honour of 
Knighthood, and in 1602 he was Comptroller of the Household. In the 
same year he was created Baron Wotton. 

Lord Wotton was Lord Lieutenant of Kent, and Ambassador to 
France and Treasurer of the Household. He inherited his father's library, 
and in many cases added his own coat-of-arms impressed in silver to the 
beautiful bindings made for Thomas Wotton, "The English Grolier," 
on whose books occur the legend thomae wottoni et amicorum. 



408 



James Wright 



J 


%^ 


1 


lljjjl 9 


i 


^^P 


c: 


^^ 



WRIGHT, JAMES 

Arms. — Az., 2 bars engrailed arg., in chief as many- 
leopards' heads or. Wright, 

[Lambert. Chancery Collections. Stowe MS. 415.] 

James Wright (born circ. 1643, died October 1713) was the son of 
Abraham Wright, of Oxfordshire. He was called to the Bar in 1672. 
His tastes were literary and antiquarian, and he possessed a considerable 
library, chiefly manuscripts. Wright wrote a number of works on 
antiquities, and others on the poHtical matters of his time. The drama 
also had much fascination for him, and he wrote several poems, and made 
an epitome of Dugdale's Monasticon. 



409 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 




WYCLIFFE 

Arms, — Arg., on a fess gu., 3 crescents of the first 
between 3 Cornish choughs ppr., in chief a spear-head 
of the second. Wycliffe, 

Crest. — A Cornish chough, wings addorsed, ppr. 

Motto, — Deus alit me. 

[Groot. Defensio Jidei Catholicae de Satisfactione Christi 
adversus Faustum socinum, Lugduni Batavorum, 16 17.] 

This stamp belonged to T. WyclifFe, probably a member of the 
Yorkshire family of that name, but I have not so far been able to identify 
the owner more particularly. 



410 



Sir Hugh Wyndham 




WYNDHAM, SIR HUGH, KNIGHT 

Arms. — Arg., a chevron between 3 lions' heads erased 
or. Wyndham, 

Crest, — A lion's head erased, within a fetterlock or. 

[Olearius. The Voyages and Travels of J. Albert de 
Mandelslo, London, 1669.] 

Hugh Wyndham (born circ. 1603, ^^^^ ^7^^ J"^y 1684) was the son 
of Sir John Wyndham of Orchard -Wyndham, Somerset. He was educated 
at Oxford, and called to the Bar in 1629. In 1654 Mr. Wyndham was 
made a Serjeant-at-Law and a Judge on the Northern Circuit. In 1670 
he was made a Baron of the Exchequer, and received the honour of 
Knighthood. He married three times. 



411 



HERALDIC BOOKS TO CONSULT 

Bedford, W. K. R. The Blazon of Episcopacy. London, 1858. 

Berry, W. Encyclopaedia Heraldica. London, 1828. (?) 

BouTELL, C. English Heraldry. London, 1867. 

Burke, J. A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of 

England, Ireland, and Scotland, extinct, dormant, and in abeyance. 

London, 1831. 
Burke, J. A General Armoury of England, Scotland, and Ireland. 

London, 1842. 
Burke, J. , and Sir J. B. A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the 

extinct and dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland, and Scotland. 

London, 1841. 
Burke, J., and Sir J. B. The Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. 

London, 1841 
Burke, Sir J. B. The Book of Orders of Knighthood. London, 1850. 
Davenport, C. J. The English Regalia. London, 1897. 
Elven, J. P. The Book of Family Crests. London, 1838. 
Fairbairn, J. A Book of the Crests of the Families of Great Britain 

and Ireland. London, 1905. 
Fox-Da VIES, A. C. The Art of Heraldry. London, 1904. 
Garter, Order of the. Les noms, surnoms, qualitez, armes, et blasons de 

tous les chevaliers de I'ordre de la Jarretiere depuis ^Institution en 

1347 jusqu'a present. Paris, 1647. 
GuiLLiM, J. A Display of Heraldry. London, 1679. 
Jones, W. Crowns and Coronations. London, 1883. 
Knight, F. Knight and Butters' Crests. London, 1885. 
Legh, G. The Accedens of Armory. London, 1562. 
Mair, J. A. Proverbs and Mottoes. London, 1891. 
Mottoes and Motives. London, 1884. 
Nicholas, Sir H. History of the Orders of Knighthood of the British 

Empire. London, 1841. 

413 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 

PapwortHj J. W. An alphabetical Dictionary of Coats -of- Arms. 

London, 1874. 
Peerages of the date of the book. 

Planche, J. R. The Pursuivant of Arms. London, 1852. 
PoRNY, M. A. The Elements of Heraldry. London, 1787. 
Sandford, F. Genealogical History of the Kings of England. 

London, 1677. 
Segar, SirW. Baronagium Genealogicum. London, 1764-84. 
SiEBMACHER, J. Grosses und allgemeines Wappenbuch. Niirnberg, 

1890, etc. 
Upton, N. De studio Militari, libri quatuor. Londini, 1654. 
WiLLEMENT, T. Regal Heraldry. London, 1821. 
Woodward, J. A Treatise on Heraldry. Edinburgh, 1896. 



BIOGRAPHICAL BOOKS TO CONSULT 

Army Lists of the date of the Book. 

British Museum Catalogue of Authors of Books. 

Cokayne, G. E. Complete Baronetage. Exeter, 1900. 

CoKAYNE, G. E. [G. E. C] Complete Peerage. London, 1887. 

Directories of the date of the book. 

Haydn, J. The Book of Dignities. London, 1890. 

Landed Gentry Lists of the date of the book. 

Marshall, J. Royal Naval Biography. London, 1 823. 

Navy Lists of the date of the book. 

Peerages of the date of the book. 

Stephen, L. Dictionary of National Biography. London, 1885, etc. 



414 



INDICES 



415 



INDEX TO THE INTRODUCTION 



Ac ce dens of Armory, 5, 12 
Additions outside coat-of-arms, 3 
Alfred, Crown of, 1 3 
Amadeus, Earl of Savoy, 10 
Anchors shown behind the coat-of- 
arms of Samuel Pepys, 28 
Annulet mark of cadency, 12 
Archbishops, coats-of-arms of, 28 
Armorial du Bibliophile by Guigard, i 
Army Staff, hats of, 27 
Art of Heraldry, 8 
Augmentations on coats-of-arms, 3 

Badge of the Prince of Wales, 14 

„ used by Baronets of Nova Scotia, 
10 

„ worn by retainers, 25 
Badges of Orders of Knighthood, 27 
Baronets, 9, 10 
Baronet's helmet, 24 
Barons, 19 
Barons' coronets, 20 
Barons Londonni, 19 

„ of the Cinque Ports, 19 

„ of the Exchequer, 19 

,, of Warwick, 19 
Barony by Tenure, 19 

„ by Writ, 19 
"Barry," 32 
Basilisk, a, 36 
Batons shown behind the coat-of-arms 

of a Field-marshal, 28 
Beaufort, John, Duke of Somerset, 

coronet of, i 5 
Beaumont, John, Viscount, 18 
Bend, a, 33 
Bezant, a, 35 

Bishops, coats-of-arms of, 28 
Black Prince, at Crecy, 14 



Black Prince, cap of, 22 
„ „ coronet of, 1 5 

Book of St. Albans, 11 

Book-plates, 2 

Bordure, 34 

Brandon, Charles, Duke of Suffolk, 
coronet of, 16 

British Museum, examples of Book- 
Stamps in the, 4 

Bruges, William, Garter, coronet of, 20 

Burke's Peerage, lists of mottoes in, 
30 

Cadency, marks of, 1 1 
„ in relief, 35 
„ on crests, 26 
Caltrop, 37 

Cambridge, Duchess of, at the corona- 
tion of Queen Victoria, 21 
Canton, 34 

Cap of a Peer, Dignity, Estate, or 
Maintenance, 22 
„ the Black Prince, 22 
Cecil, Robert, Viscount Cranbourn, 

coronet of, 19 
Chapeau, 22, 23 

„ support for a crest, 26 
Chequy, 33 
Chess-rook, 37 
Chevron, 34 
Chief, 34 

Chief used by the Knights of the 
English Langue of the Order of 
St. John of Jerusalem, 10 
Civil Service, the feathered hats of, 27 
Clarion, 37 

Coats-of-arms, 3 1 <?/ seq. 
Cockatrice, 36 
Cockscomb crest, 25 



417 



2 E 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Collar of SS., 21 

Collars of Orders of Knighthood shown 

with coat-of-arms, 27 
College of Arms, 20 
Coloured helmets, 25 
Colours used in Heraldry, 5, 6 
Companions of Orders of Knighthood, 

badges of, 27 
Compony, 33 

Coronation, crowns and coronets worn 
at, 21 
„ of Queen Victoria, 21 

Coronet, Heraldic, Mural, or Naval, 26 
„ of a Baron, 20 
„ of a Duke, 16 
„ of a King-of-arms, 20 
„ of a Marquis, 16 
,, of an Earl, 18 
„ of a Viscount, 19 
,, of Charles Brandon, Duke of 

Suffolk, 16 
„ of Charles Howard, Earl of 

Nottingham, 18 
„ of Charles Somerset, Earl of 

Worcester, 17 
„ of Henry Lacy, Earl of Lin- 
coln, 17 
„ of Henry Somerset, Earl of 

Worcester, 18 
„ of John Beaufort, Duke of 

Beaufort, 15 
„ of Robert Cecil, Viscount 

Cranbourn, 19 
„ of Robert Dudley, Earl of 

Leicester, 18 
„ of Sir William Dugdale, 

Garter, 21 
„ of the Black Prince, 15 
„ of the Duchess of Cambridge, 

21 
„ of the Prince of Wales, 14 
„ of William de Valence, Earl 
of Pembroke, 17 
Coronets, 12-22 

,, of Margaret, Countess of 

Richmond, 17 
„ of Princes and Princesses, 

,, worn at the coronation, 21 
Couchee shield, 23 
Counts, 17 

Crescent mark of cadency, 1 1 
Crest chapeau, 26 
,, supports, 26 



Crests, 24-26 

„ not borne by ladies, 8 
Crista, a crest, 25 
Cross crosslet, 32 

„ fleury, 32 

„ moline, 12, 32 

„ pattee, 32 
Crosses, 32 

Crown of England, the, 13, 14 
Crowns worn at the coronation, 21 

Dancetty, 34 

Date of printing of a book, 3 

Deans, coats-of-arms of, 28 

DiEU ET MoN Droit, 30 

Dignity, cap of, 22 

Dowgate Hill Brooch, i 3 

Dragon, 36 

Dragon's wing for fan crest, 26 

Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester, 

coronet of, 18 
Dugdale, Sir William, Garter, coronet 

of, 21 
Duke's coronet, 16 

Earl's coronet, 16, 18 
Ecclesiastics, coats-of-arms of, 28 
Embattled, 34 
English Royal book-stamps, 2 

„ Royal Crown, the, 13, 14 
Engrailed, 34 
Ermine, 7 

Escutcheon of Pretence, 32 
Esquire's helmet, 24 
Esquires of Orders of Knighthood, 

badges of, 27 
Estate, cap of, 22 

Fairbairn's Crests, lists of mottoes in, 30 
Fan-shaped crests, 25 
Fax mentis honestae gloria, 10 
Fer-de-Moline, 37 
Fermail, 37 
Fess, a, 32 

Field-marshal's coat-of-arms, 28 
Fillet as crest support, 26 
Fletcher's English Armorial Book- 
Stamps, I 
Fleur-de-lys mark of cadency, 12 
Fountain, 37 

Fox-Davies's -^r/ of Heraldry, 8 
Fret, the, 35, 37 
Fretty, 33, 35 
Furs used in heraldry, 7 



418 



Index to the Introduction 



Fusil, 37 

Garter King-of-Arms, coronet of, 20 
Griffin, 36 

Guigard's Armorial du Bibliophile^ i 
Guige, or shield belt, 23 
Gyronny, 33 

Hayter, Sir George, his picture of the 
coronation of Queen Victoria, 21 
Heiress, heraldic, 8 
Helmet of a Baronet, 24 
„ of a Knight, 24 
„ of an Esquire, 24 
„ of a Peer, 24 
,, of Royalty, 24 
Helmets, 23, 24 

„ coloured, 25 
Henry VIII. and the Lion Supporter, 

28 
Heraldic coronet, 26 

„ heiress, 8 
Heraldry, origin of, 4 
Heralds and the collar of SS., 21 
Howard, Charles, Earl of Nottingham, 
coronet of, 18 

IcH DiEN, 14 

Identification of book-stamps, 3 

Imitation jewels on coronets, 21 

Impaling, 32 

Indented, 34 

Jewels on crown and coronet, 21 
John, King of Bohemia, 14 
John of Jerusalem, Knight of the 
Order of St., 10 

King Arthur's Book^ 29 
King-of-Arms, coronet of a, 20 
King-of-Arms and the collar of SS., 21 
Knighthood, ceremonial hats of, 27 
Knights' helmets, 24 
Knights of Orders, badges of, 27 

Labels used as marks of cadency, 11, 12 
Lacy, Henry, Earl of Lincoln, coronet 

of, 17 
Ladies' shields, 37 
Legh's Accedens of Armory ^ 5, 12 
Leopard, 36 
Leopard Lionne, 36 
Lines used to indicate colour, 6 
Lion, 36 



Lion Leoparde, 36 

Lion of England, as the crest of 

Richard J., 26 
Livery colours, 25 
London, crest of the city of, 26 
Lozenge-shaped shields, 37 
Lozengy, 33 
Lupus, Hugh, Earl of Chester, 17 

Maintenance, cap of, 22 

Mantling, 24 

Margaret, Countess of Richmond, 

coronet of, 17 
Marquis's coronet, 16 
Marshalling, 5 

Martlet mark of cadency, 12 
Mascle, 37 
Medals dependent from base of coat- 

of-arms, 27 
Miniver, 22 
Miserere mei deus secundum magnam 

misericordiam tuam, 20 
Mitres shewn above ecclesiastical 

coat-of-arms, 28 
Mother'scoat-of-arms, quartering of, 32 
Mottoes, 30 

„ of Orders of Knighthood 

shown with the coat-of-arms. 

Mullet mark of cadency, 1 1 
Mural coronet as crest support, 26 

Naval coronet as crest support, 26 

Nebuly, 34 

Nova Scotia, Baronets of, 10 

O'Neile, Irish chieftain, 9 

Orders of Knighthood, ceremonial hats 

of, 27 
Ostrich feather badge of the Prince 

of Wales, 14 

Pale, 31 
Peer's cap, 22 

„ helmet, 24 
Pepys, Samuel, coat-of-arms of, 28 
Per bend, 33 

„ chevron, 34 

„ fess, 32 

„ pale, 31 

„ saltire, 33 
Personal heraldryin militarycostume, 4 
Petra Sancta's Tesserae Gentilitiae, 6 
Pheon, 37 



419 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Pile, 33 

Plate, the, 35 

Pole, William, Baron de la, 19 

Pollard's Franks Collection of Armorial 

Book-Stamps^ i 
Potent, 7 

Pretence, Escutcheon of, 8, 32 
Prince Arthur s Book, 1 6 
Prince of Wales's coronet, 14 
Princes and Princesses, coronet of, 15 

Quartered coats-of-arms, 32 
Quartering of mother's coat-of-arms, 32 
Quarterings on coats-of-arms, 8 
Quarterly, 32 
Quatrefoil mark of cadency, 1 2 

Raguly, 34 

Regimental feather head-dresses, 27 

Roundles, 35 

Royal book-stamps, 2 

„ books in private ownership, 2 

„ coronets, 15 

„ Crown of England, the, 13, 14 

„ helmets, 24 

„ marks of cadency, 12 
Rose mark of cadency, 12 
Rubbings of book-stamps, 38 
Rustre, 37 

St. Albans, Book of, 11 
Saltire, 33 
Savoy, cross of, 10 
Sees, coat-of-arms of, 28 
Shield couchee, 23 
Shields of arms, 3 1 et seq, 
Smert, John, Garter, coronet of, 20 
Somerset, Charles, Earl of Worcester, 
coronet of, 1 7 



Somerset, Henry, Earl of Worcester, 

coronet of, 18 
SS., collar of, 21 
Supporters, 28, 29 
Supports for crests, 26 

Tenure, Barony by, 19 

Tesserae Gentilitiae, 6 

Tiara of the Duchess of Cambridge, 

21 
Tincture lines used in Heraldry, 

6, 7 
Torse as crest support, 26 
Tournaments and their ceremonial, 4 
Trick, 5 

Ulster, Baronets of, 10 

„ hand, the, 9 
United Kingdom, Baronets of the, 10 

Vair, 7 

Valence, William de, Earl of Pem- 
broke, coronet of, 17 

Vere, Robert de, Marquis of Dublin, 
16 

Victoria, Queen, coronation of, 21 

Viscount's coronet, 19 

Viscounts, 18 

Wales, badge of the Prince of, 14 

„ coronet of the Prince of, 14 
Water Bouget, 37 
Wavy, 34 

Winchester, Marquis of, 22 
Writ, Barony by, 19 
Wyvern, 36 

Zulu mark of rank, 27 



420 



II 



INDEX OF ARMS, ETC. 



Abergavenny, Ear/ of {Nqv'iW), 303 
Achaius, King of Scotland^ 246 
Adelaide, of Saxe Meiningen, 399 
Albemarle, Duke (?/'(Monck), 295, 34.2 
Albert, of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Prince, 

380 
Alexander I., Czar, 191 

„ II., King of Scotland, 246 
Almack, E., 74, 94, 252, 253 
Alphonso IV., Duke of Modena, 291 
Althorp, 352, 355 
Ancrum, Earl of (JL^rr), 262 
Anne, Countess of Lothian, 262 

„ Princess, 282 
Antiquaries, Society of, 307 
Apollo Grian, Harp of, 246 
Aragon, Catherine of. Queen, 92 

„ Pomegranate of, 218 
Arlington, Earl of {^tnntt), 63 
Armagh, Archbishop i?/' (Usher), 377 
Arms. (Small details not given here.) 
3 Altars, each supported by a lion 

rampant. Smith, Sir T. 
3 Annulets, with a chevron. Sutton, 

T. 
3 Annulets in chief, with 3 martlets. 

Cowper, W., Earl Cowper 
An Archiepiscopal Staff, with a 
pall. Abbot, G., 
Archbishop of Can- 
terbury 
„ „ Usher, J., Archbishop 

of Armagh 
„ „ Whitgift, J., Archbishop 
of Canterbury 
An Arm holding a ring. Schwerin. 
Charlotte of Mecklenburg, Queen 
2 Bars. Oldenburg. Anne of 
Denmark, Queen 



Arm s — Continued. 

2 Bars with a canton. Boyes, 
Covert, W. 

2 Bars with a chief. Manners. 

Noel, B., Earl of 

Gainsborough 
„ „ Manners, J., Duke of 

Rutland 
„ „ Martin. Naunton, Sir 

R. 

3 Bars. Gulston, W., Bishop of 
Bristol 

3 Bars. Raymond. Chetwynd, W. 
Barry of 6. Grey. Egerton, F. H., 
Earl of Bridgwater 
„ Grey. Grey, H., Earl 

of Stamford 
„ Grey. Radcliffe, R., 

Earl of Sussex 
„ Gf'^y- Sydney, R., Earl 

of Leicester 
Barry of 8. Fitzalan. Russell, F., 
Earl of Bedford 
„ Gower, G. L., Duke 

of Sutherland 
Barry of 10. Botevile. Campbell, 
J. F., Earl Cawdor 
„ Brandon. Gower, 

G. L., Duke of 
Sutherland 
„ Brandon. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
„ Cecil, W., Baron 

Burghley 
„ Valence. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
3 Batons. Usher, J., Archbishop of 

Armagh 
A Bend. Bayntun, W. 



421 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Arms — Continued. 

A Bend. Blackborne. Trewarthen 
Bradeston, Hatton, Sir C. 
Chalon. William III. 
Harley, R., Earl of Oxford 
Philpot, J., Somerset Herald 
Pye, Sir R. 

RadclifFe, R., Earl of 
Sussex 
A Bend between 6 crosses. Bing- 
ham. Spencer, G. 
J., Earl Spencer 
„ „ Howard,. H., Earl of 

Northampton 
„ „ Howard, T., Earl of 

Arunael 
„ „ Marr. Douglas, W., 
Duke of Queens berry 
A Bend between 2 escallops. 

Sydney, R., Earl of Leicester 
A Bend between 2 horses' heads. 

Pepys, S. 
A Bend between 2 lions rampant. 

Newport. Sheldon, R. 
A Bend charged with 3 bucks' heads. 
Stanley. Digby, Sir 
K. 
„ „ Stanley. Gower, G. L., 
Duke of Sutherland 
A Bend charged with 3 cinquefoils. 
Berondon. Cecil, W., Baron 
Burghley 
A Bend charged with 3 crosses. 

Charnock. Smith, Sir T. 
A Bend charged with 3 eagles. 

Manley. Salwey, H. 
A Bend charged with 3 escallops. 
Spencer. Churchill, 
G.^., Duke of Marl- 
borough 
„ „ Spencer, C, Earl of 
Sunderland 
A Bend charged with an escutcheon. 
Howard, H., Earl 
of Northampton 
„ „ Howard, T., Earl of 

Arundel 
A Bend charged with 3 fleurs-de-lys. 
Garshall. Chet- 
wynd, W. 
„ „ Pepys, S. 
A Bend charged with 3 goats' 

heads. Mulsho. Digby, Sir K. 
A Bend charged with a magnetic 



Arms — Continued. 

needle. Petty, W. F., Marquis 
of Lansdowne 
A Bend charged with 3 martlets. 

Kinnear, J. G. 
A Bend charged with 3 plates. 

Gulston, W., Bishop of Bristol. 
A Bend charged with 3 quatrefoils. 

Chitting, H. 
A Bend charged with 3 swans. 

Dawes. Salwey, H. 
A Bend charged with a wyvern. 

Newport. Sheldon, H. 
A Bend within a bordure. Kinnear, 
J.G. 
„ „ Westcote. Lyttelton, 
W. H., Baron 
Lyttelton 

2 Bendlets. Bradshaw. Gilbert, J., 

Archbishop of York 
„ Bradshaw, Salwey, H. 

Bendy of 4. Carrell. Hatton, Sir 

C. 
Bendy of 10. Montfort. Salwey, H. 
Per Bend. Trevor, M., Viscount 

Dungannon 
A Bezant between 3 demi lions. 
Bennet, H., Earl of Arlington 

3 Bezants, with a lion. Harborne, 
W. 

3 Bezants in chief, with a lymphad. 

Utterson, E. V. 

4 Bezants on a cross. Whitgift, J., 
Archbishop of Canterbury 

10 Bezants. Zouch. Naunton, Sir 
R. 

10 Billets. Salter. Chetwynd, W. 

10 Billets, and a demi lion on a 
chief. Dormer, R., Earl of Car- 
narvon 

A Boar passant. Trewarthen 

2 Boars' heads, a sword between 
them. Sloane, Sir H. 

3 Boars' heads. Lloyd, D., Dean of 

St. Asaph 

„ „ with a chevron. 

Cochrane, J., 

Earl ofDundonald 

„ „ with a fess. Alyson. 

Salwey, H. 
„ „ with a fess raguly. 

Judd. Smythe,T., 
Viscount Strang- 
ford 



422 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Arms — Continued. 

A Bordure with a bend. Kinnear, 

J.G. 
A Bordure charged with 8 escallops. 

Ware, Sir J. 
A Bordure with a lion. Burnell. 
RadclifFe, R., Earl 
of Sussex 
„ „ Grey. Pepys, S. 

A Bordure with 3 lions. Chiche. 

Smythe, T., Viscount Strangford 
A Bordure with 3 lozenges. 

Montagu, J., Duke of Montagu 
A Bordure charged with 7 towers. 

Catherine of Braganza, Queen 
A Bordure with a double tressure, 
flory counterflory. 
Douglas, W., Duke 
of Queens^erry 
„ „ Mary, Queen of Scot- 
land 
A Bordure semee of stars. Lindsay, 

D., Baron Lindsay 
A Bordure engrailed. Astle, T. 
„ „ with a bend cotised. 

Westcote, Lyttelton, 
W. H., Baron Lyttel- 
ton 
A Bordure engrailed with 3 garbs. 

Kemp, T. R. 
A Bordure engrailed with a lion 
rampant. Burley. 
Lyttelton, W. H., 
Baron Lyttelton 
Tyrrell. Sydney, R., 
Earl of Leicester 
A Bordure gobony, with the arms of 
England. Talbot. Lyttelton, 
W. H., Baron Lyttelton 
A Bordure indented, with 3 fleurs- 
de-lys. Ferrara. Mary of 
Modena, Queen 
3 Bucks statant. Green, J. H. 
3 Bucks' heads. Cavendish, W. 

G. S., Duke of Devonshire 
3 Bucks' heads on a bend. Stanley. 
Digby, Sir K. 
„ „ Stanley. Gower, G. L., 
Duke of Sutherland 
A Bugle. Orange. William IIL 
3 Bugles with a chevron. Wyerley. 

Salwey, H. 
A Bull's head in bend. Rostock. 
Charlotte of Mecklenburg, Queen 



Arms — Continued. 

A Bull's head in pale. Mecklen- 
burg. Charlotte of Mecklenburg, 
Queen 
A Canton and 2 bars. Boyes. 

Covert, W. 
A Canton charged with a castle. 

Carrell. Hatton, Sir C. 
A Canton and 2 crescents. 

Symonds. Hatton, Sir C. 
A Canton charged with a cross, 
with a lion. Churchill, G. S., 
Duke of Marlborough 
A Castle. Castile. Catherine of 

Aragon, Queen 
A Castle on a canton. The field 
bendy. Carrell. Hatton, Sir C. 
3 Castles and a plate. Etchington. 

Cecil, W., Baron Burghley 
Chequy. Warren. Anne Bullen, 
Queen 
„ Warren. Howard, C, 

Baron Howard 
„ Warren. Howard, H., 

Earl of Northampton 
,, Geneva. William III. 

Chequy with a chief. Coleshill. 

Trewarthen 
A Chevalier on horseback. Ditz- 
mers. Anne of Den- 
mark, Queen 
„ „ Poland. Anne of Den- 

mark, Queen 
A Chevron. Tre lawny 
A Chevron ermine. The field 
chequy. Warwick. Sydney, R., 
Earl of Leicester 
A Chevron between 3 annulets. 

Sutton, T. 
A Chevron between 3 batons. 

Usher, J., Archbishop of Armagh 
A Chevron between 3 boars' heads. 

Cochrane, J., Earl of Dundonald 
A Chevron between 3 bugles. 

Wyerley. Salwey. H. 
A Chevron between 3 chess-rooks. 
Pinchbeck. Cecil, W., Baron 
Burghley 
A Chevron between 3 cinquefoils. 
Chichele. Smythe, T., Viscount 
Strangford 
A Chevron between 3 cinquefoils, 
an escallop on a chief Tash, 
T. 



423 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Arnis — Continued. 

A Chevron between lo cinquefoils. 

Berkeley, R. 
A Chevron between 3 coots. 

Coote, C. 
A Chevron between 3 crescents. 
Glover. Philpot, J., 
Somerset Herald 
„ Walker, Sir E. 
A Chevron between 3 crosses cross- 
let. Davenport. Digby, Sir K. 
A Chevron between 3 eagles. 

Challeston 
A Chevron between 3 escallops. 

Lyttelton, W. H., Baron Lyttelton 
A Chevron between 3 estoiles. 
Laud, W., Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury 

„ „ Butts. Trewarthen 
A Chevron between 3 fountains. 

Sykes, Sir M. M. 
A Chevron between 3 garbs. 
Hatton, Sir C. 
Sheffield. Covert, W. 
Sheffield, J., Earl of 
Mulgrave 
A Chevron between 3 griffins. 

Finch, H., EarlofJylesford 
A Chevron between 3 Hebrew 

letters. Naunton, Sir R. 
A Chevron between 3 human 

heads. Williams, J., Bishop of 

Lincoln 
A Chevron between 3 keys. 

Parker, M., Archbishop of Canter- 
bury 
A Chevron between 3 lions 

passant. Smythe, T., Viscount 

Strangford 
A Chevron between 3 martlets. 

Watson, L., Earl of Rockingham 
A Chevron between 3 mullets. 

Chetwynd, W. 
A Chevron between 3 oak leaves. 

Haslerigg. Chetwynd, W. 
A Chevron between 3 pears. 

Abbot, G., Archbishop of Canter- 
bury 
A Chevron between 3 ravens. 

Pye, Sir R. 
A Chevron between 3 seals' heads. 

Ley, J., Earl of Marlborough 
A Chevron between 3 stags' faces. 

Williams, J., Bishop of Lincoln 



Arms — Continued. 

A Chevron between 3 unicorns' 

heads. Ker, J., Duke ofRoxburghe 
A Chevron charged with 3 cres- 
cents. Sutton, T. 

„ ,, Watson, L., Earl of 
Rockingham 
A Chevron charged with 3 

crosses crosslet. Laud, W., 

Archbishop of Canterbury 
A Chevron charged with 3 

escallops. Pye, Sir R. 
A Chevron charged with 3 

estoiles. Parker, M., Archbishop 

of Canterbury 
A Chevron charged with 3 lions' 

heads. Monck, C, Duke of 

Albemarle 
A Chevron charged with 3 

lozenges. Butts. Trewarthen 
A Chevron charged with 3 

martlets. Topsfield 
A Chevron charged with a mullet. 

Mirfin. Smythe, T., Viscount 

Strangford 
A Chevron charged with 3 mullets. 
Ker, J., Duke of 
Rox burgle 
„ Kerr, W., Earl of 
Lothian 
A Chevron charged with an otter's 

head. Beaton, J., Archbishop of 

Glasgow 
A Chevron charged with 3 roses. 

Gilbert, J., Archbishop of York 
2 Chevrons. Bagot, Sir C. 

„ Bagot. Chetwynd, W. 

2 Chevrons with a canton. Dexter. 

Smythe, T., Viscount Strangford 
2 Chevrons with a chief. Smith, J. 

2 Chevrons with a fess. RadclifFc, 

R., Earl of Sussex 
„ „ Walpole, H., Earl of 

Oxford 

3 Chevrons. Langton. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
„ Matthew, T., Arch- 

bishop of York 
Wyse. "Russell, F., 
Earl of Bedford 
5 Chevrons. Sutton. Smythe, T., 

Viscount Strangford 
A Chief with 3 crosses pattee. 
Dy^//. Covert, W. 



424 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Arms — Continued. 

A Chief with 3 lions. Tonge. 

Covert, W. 
A Chief ermine with a saltire. Petty, 

W. F., Marquis of Lansdowne 
A Chief indented. Hillock. 

Naunton, Sir R. 
A Chief quarterly. Manners. 

Noel, B., Earl of Gainsborough 
A Child carried off by an eagle. 

Culcheth. Radcliffe, R., Earl of 

Sussex 
4 Choughs and a cross. Aylmer, M., 

Baron Aylmer 

4 Choughs and a cross flory. Offley. 
Hatton, Sir C. 

A Cinquefoil. Astle, T. 

3 Cinquefoils. Hamilton, J., 

Archbishop of St. Andrews 
3 Cinquefoils with a bend. Berondon. 

Cecil, W., Baron Burghley 
3 Cinquefoils with a chevron. 

Chichele. Smythe, T., Viscount 

Strangford 
3 Cinquefoils with a chevron and 

a chief. Tash, T. 

5 Cinquefoils. Holdenby. Hatton, 
Sir C. 

10 Cinquefoils with a chevron. 

Berkeley, R. 
3 Clarions. Granville. Gower, G. 

L., Duke of Sutherland 
3 Coots with a chevron. Coote, C. 
3 Covered Cups. Butler 
A Crescent with a fess. Tork. 

Hatton, Sir C. 

2 Crescents with a canton. 
Symonds. Covert, W. 

3 Crescents. Kemp, T. R. 

3 Crescents on a chevron. Sutton, T. 
„ „ Watson, L., Earl of 

Rockingham 
3 Crescents with a chevron. Philpot, 
J., Somerset Herald 
„ „ Walker, Sir E. 

3 Crescents with a fess. 

Coventry, W., Earl of Coventry 
A Cross. See also Saltire 

„ Bourke. Covert, W. 

„ Gower, G. L., Duke of 

Sutherland 
„ Lort. Campbell, J. F., 

Earl Cawdor 
„ Ratzeburg. George II. 



Arms — Continued. 

A Cross. St. George. The Com- 
„ monwealth 

„ George III. 

Henry VIII. 
„ Tudor Rose 

A Cross on a canton. Churchill, 
Montagu, J., Duke of 
Montagu 
„ „ Churchill, G. S., Duke 
of Marlborough 
A Cross in saltire. St. Andrew. 
George III. 
„ „ St. Andrew. Mary, 
Queen of Scotland 
A Cross between 4 choughs. Aylmer, 
M., Baron Aylmer 
„ „ Ojfiey. Hatton, Sir C. 

A Cross between 2 crosses crosslet 
in upper quarters. Balderstone. 
Covert, W. 
A Cross between 4 martlets. 
Edward the Conqueror. Cotton, 
Sir R. B. 
A Cross between 4 swords. 

Philpot, J., Somerset Herald 
A Cross between 4 water bougets. 
Bourchier. Grey, H. 
E., Earl of Stamford 
„ „ Bourchier, R,, Countess 

of Bath 
A Cross charged with 4 bezants. 
Whitgift, J., Archbishop of Canter- 
bury 
A Cross charged with another cross. 
Frederick II., K.ing 
of Denmark 
„ „ Anne of Denmark, 

Queen 
A Cross charged with a dagger. 
London. Henry 

VIII. 
„ „ Tudor Rose 
A Cross charged with 5 leopards' 

faces. Walker, Sir E. 
A Cross charged with 5 mullets. 
Bodenham. Russell, F., Earl of 
Bedford 
A Cross charged with 5 torteaux. 

Grenville, T. 
A Cross engrailed. Houghton. 
Naunton, Sir R. 
„ ,, Stanton. Hatton, Sir 
C. 



425 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Arms — Continued. 

A Cross flory. Trussell. St. 

George, Sir R. 
A Cross formee fitchee. Dalmenhurst. 

Anne of Denmark, Q^ueen 
A Cross pattee. Ratzeburg. Char- 
lotte of Mecklenburg, Queen 
A Cross voided. Duckenfeld. 
Smythe, T., Vis- 
count Strangford 
„ „ Pilkington. Smythe, 
T., Viscount Strang- 
ford 
A Cross with a sword in the first 
quarter. London, City of. Henry 
VIII. Tudor Rose 
2 Crosses crosslet in two upper 
quarters, Balderstone. Covert, W. 

2 Crosses crosslet with a rose on a 
chief. Bullingham 

3 Crosses on a bend. Charnock. 
Smith, Sir T. 

3 Crosses crosslet on a chief. DyalL 
Covert, W. 
„ „ Long, C, Baron Farn- 
borough 
3 Crosses crosslet on a fess. 

Walpole, H., Earl of Oxford. 
3 Crosses crosslet with a chevron. 

Davenport. Digby, Sir K. 
3 Crosses crosslet with a fess. 
Bayntun, W. 
„ „ Sandys, Sir T. 
3 Crosses crosslet with a lion. 

Capell, W., Earl of Essex 
6 Crosses with a bend. Douglas, 
W., Duke of Queens- 
berry 
„ „ Howard, H., Earl of 

Northampton 
„ „ Howard, T., Earl of 

Arundel 
„ „ Bingham. Spencer, 
G. T., Earl fencer 
6 Crosses with a fess. Beauchamp. 
Sydney, R., Earl of 
Leicester 
„ „ Boteler. Salwey, H. 
12 Crosses with a saltire. Windsor, 

T., Baron Windsor 
14 Crosses with a lion. Powell. 

Naunton, Sir R. 
Crosses semee with 3 leopards' 
heads. Neville. Digby, Sir K. 



Arms — Continued. 

The Crown of Charlemagne. 
George I. 
„ „ George II. 

„ „ George III. 

George IV. 
William IV. 
3 Crowns. Sweden. Anne of Den- 
mark, Queen 
3 Dovecotes. Sapcote. Russell, F., 

Earl of Bedford 
3 Ducks and a fess. Bateman, 

W., Viscount Bateman 
An Eagle. Brandenburg. George II. 
„ Browne. Hatton, Sir C. 

„ Bullingham. 

„ Cotton, Sir R. B. 

„ Crossen. George II. 

„ D'Este. Mary of Mo- 

dena, Queen 
yy JSg^rndorff. George II. 

„ Monthermcr. Montague, 

J., Duke of Montague 
Tufton. Coke, T., Earl 
of Leicester 
An Eagle between 3 bezants. 

Busserard. Naunton, Sir R. 

An Eag!e carrying off a child. 

Culcheth. Radcliffe, R., Earl of 

Surrey 

3 Eagles. Coke, T., Earl of Leicester 

3 Eagles on a bend. Manley. 

Salwey, H. 
3 Eagles with a chevron. Challeston. 
An Escallop on a chief. Tash, T. 
3 Escallops on a bend. Spencer. 
Churchill, G. L., 
Duke of Marlborough 
„ „ Spencer, C, Earl of 

Sunderland 
„ „ Spencer, G. T., Earl 

Spencer 
3 Escallops on a chevron. Pye, Sir R. 
3 Escallops on a chief. Gamage. 

Sydney, R., Earl of Leicester 
8 Escallops on a bordure. Ware, 

Sir J. 
An Escutcheon. Brownlow, J., 
Viscount Tyrconnel 
„ Holstein. Anne of 

Denmark, Queen 
3 Escutcheons. Burrell, Sir W. 
5 Escutcheons. Catherine of 
Braganza, Queen 



426 



Index of Arms^ etc. 



Arms — Continued. 

6 Escutcheons. Cecil, W., Baron 

Burghley 
An Estoile. Ingleby. St. George, 

Sir R. 
An Estoile between 3 fleurs-de-lys. 

Masterman. Sykes, Sir M. M. 
3 Estoiles on a chevron. Parker, M., 

Archbishop of Canterbury 
3 Estoiles, with a chevron with 3 

crosses. Laud, W., Archbishop of 

Canterbury 
3 Estoiles, with a chevron with 3 

lozenges. Butts. Trewarthen 
A Fess. Bayntun, W. 

„ Buren. William III. 

„ Calthrop. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 

„ Dene. Sydney, R., Earl 

of Leicester 

„ Lindsay, D., Baron Lindsay 

„ Moers. William IIL 

„ Rockly. Covert, W. 

„ Somers, J., Baron Somers 

„ Towneley, R. 

„ Vianden. William IIL 

„ York. Hatton, Sir C. 

A .Fess between 3 boars' heads. 
Alyson. Salwey, H. 

„ „ Judd. Smythe, T., 

Viscount Strangford 
A Fess between 2 chevrons. Fitz- 

Walter. Radcliffe, R., Earl of 

Sussex 
A Fess between 3 crescents. 

Coventry, W., Earl of Coventry 
A Fess between 3 crosses. Sandys, 

Sir T. 
A Fess between 6 crosses. Beau- 
champ. Sydney, R., 
Earl of Leicester 

„ „ Boteler. Salwey, H. 

A Fess between 3 ducks. Bateman, 

W., discount Bateman 
A Fess between 6 escallops. 

Dengayne. St. George, Sir R. 
A Fess between 3 lions' heads. St. 

Clair. Covert, W. 
A Fess between 3 lioncels. Smith, 

SirT. 
A Fess between 3 martlets. 

Covert, W. 
A Fess between 3 mascles. 

Beaton, J., Archbishop of Glasgow 



Arms — Continued. 

A Fess between 3 mullets. 

Wesenham. Cotton, Sir R. B. 
A Fess between 3 pheons. 

Rawdon, M., Baron Rawdon 
A Fess between 3 sheldrakes. 

Sheldon, R. 
A Fess charged with 3 crosses. 

Walpole, Earl of Oxford 
A Fess within a double tressure flory 
counterflory. Stuart, C, Baron 
Stuart 
Per Fess. Butler. Anne Bullen, 
Queen 
„ Magdeburg. George II. 

„ Stangard. Charlotte of 

Mecklenburg, Q^ueen 
A Fish. Glasgow. Beaton, J., Arch- 
bishop of Glasgow 
3 Fishes hau riant. Herringham. 
Russell, F., Earl of 
Bedford 
„ „ Lucy. Digby, SirK.— 

Radcliffe, R., Earl 
of Sussex 
3 Fishes naiant. Verney. Chet- 

wynd, W. 
A Fleur-de-lys. Digby, Sir K. 

2 Fleurs-de-lys on a chief. 
Manners, J., Duke of Rutland 

3 Fleurs-de-lys. France, All the 

sovereigns of Eng- 
land from Henry 
VIL to George III. 
Egerton, F. H., Earl 
of Bridgwater 
„ „ Frederick, Prince of 

Wales 
„ „ H&nxj, Prince of Wales 

„ „ Henry Benedict, Car- 

dinal 
„ „ James, Prince of Wales 

„ „ Mary, Princess 
„ „ Talbot. Lyttelton, W. 
H., Baron Lyttelton 
3 Fleurs-de-lys on a bend. Garshall. 
Chetwynd, W. 
Pepys, S. 
3 Fleurs-de-lys with 9 crosses. 

Mortimer. St. George, Sir R. 
3 Fleurs-de-lys with an estoile. 

Masterman. Sykes, Sir M. M. 
3 Fleurs-de-lys within a bordure. 
Ferrara. Mary of Modena, Q^ueen 



427 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Arms — Continued. 

6 Fleurs-de-lys. Smith, J. 
Fleurs-de-lys semee. Angouleme. 
Anne Bullen, Q^ueen 
„ „ Bereford. RadclifFe, 
R., Earl of Sussex 
3 Fountains. Svkes, Sir M. M. 
A Fret. Churchill, G. S., Duke of 
Marlborough 
„ Gardiner. Kin near, J. G. 

„ Maltravers. Fitz-Alan, H., 

Earl of Arundel 
„ Spencer, C, Earl of Sun- 

derland 
„ Spencer,G.]., Earl Spencer 

„ Tollemache. Grey^H., Earl 

of Stamford 
Fretty. Noel, B., Earl of Gains- 



4 Fusils. Carteret, J., Baron Carteret 

„ Carteret, G., Baron Car- 
teret 

5 Fusils. Bradeston. Covert, W. 

„ Percy. Digby, Sir K. 

A Garb and 2 helmets. Cholmon- 

deley, G., Earl Cholmondeley 
3 Garbs. Comyn. Covert, W. 
„ Hatton, Sir C. 

„ Kemp, T. R. 

„ Sheffield. Covert, W. 

Sheffield, J., Earl of 
Mulgrave 
3 Gauntlets. Fane. Bourchier, R., 

Countess of Bath 
3 Goats' heads. Mulsho. Digby, Sir 

K. 
A Griffin. Fr ox mere. Russell, F., 
Earl of Bedford 
„ Kassuben. George II. 

„ Pommern. George II. 

„ Schzverin. Charlotte of 

Mecklenburg, Queen 
„ Wenden. Charlotte of 

Mecklenburg, Queen 
„ Wenden. George II. 

3 Griffins. Finch, H., Earl of 

Aylesford 
Gyronny. Campbell, H., Earl of 
Loudoun 
„ Campbell, J. F., Earl 

Cawdor 
Harp. Ireland. All the sovereigns 
of England from James I. to 
Edward VII. 



Arms — Continued. 

Harp. Ireland. The Common- 
wealth 
„ „ Frederick, Prince of 

Wales 
„ „ Henry, Prince of 

Wales 
„ „ Henry Benedict, Car- 

dinal 
A Heart. Douglas, W., Duke of 

Queensberry 
9 Hearts. Gothes. Anne of 

Denmark, Queen 
Hearts semee. Denmark^ Anne of 
Denmark, Queen 
„ „ Lunenburg. George I., 

George II., George 
III., George IV., 
and William IV. 
3 Hcathcocks. Heath, B. 
3 Hebrew letters. Naunton, Sir 
R. 

2 Helmets. Cholmondeley, G., 
Earl Cholmondeley 

3 Herrings. Herringham. Russell, 
F., Earl of Bedford 

A Horse current. Saxony. George 
I., George II., George III., 
George IV., and William IV. 

2 Horses* heads. Pepys, S. 

2 Human heads. Williams, J., 
Bishop of Lincoln 

2 Keys. Minden. George II. 

„ Tork, See of Matthew, 

T., Archbishop of Tork 

3 Keys. Parker, M., Archbishop oj 
Canterbury 

3 Laurel leaves. Leveson. Gower, 
G. L., Duke of Sutherland 

2 Leopards' heads. White, R. S. 

3 Leopards' heads. Digby, Sir K. 
5 Leopards* heads. Walker, Sir E. 
A Lion passant. Aston. Salwey, 

R. 

„ „ Guyenne. Anne Bullen, 

Queen 

„ „ Gothes. Anne of Den- 

mark, Queen 

„ „ Bridgman, Sir O. 

„ „ Harborne, W. 

„ „ Long, C. Baron Farn- 



Say, W. 
Smith, J. 



428 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Arms — Continued. 

2 Lions passant. Brunswick. 

George I., George 

II., George III., 

George IV., and 

William IV. 
„ „ Catsenelboge. William 

III. 
„ „ Dudley. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
„ „ Lincoln, See of. 

Williams, J., Bishop 

of Lincoln 
„ „ Sleswick. Anne of 

Denmark, Queen 
„ „ Strange. Gower, G. L., 

Duke of Sutherland 
„ Ware, Sir J. 

3 Lions passant. Brotherton. Anne 

Bullen, Queen 

„ „ Brotherton. Howard, 

G., Baron Howard 

„ „ Brotherton, Howard, 

H., Earl of Nor- 
thampton 

„ „ Carew, G., Earl of 

Totness 

„ ., England. All sover- 

eigns of England 
from Henry VII. to 
Edward VII. 

„ „ Egerton, F. H., Earl 

of Bridgwater 

„ „ Frederick, Prince of 

Wales 

„ „ Henry, Prince of Wales 

„ „ Henry Benedict, Car- 

dinal 

„ „ James, Prince of Wales 

„ „ Mary, Princess 

„ „ Talbot. Lyttelton, W. 

H., Baron Lyttelton 

„ „ Frederick II., King of 

Denmark. Anne of 
Denmark, Queen 

„ „ Lancaster, Earl of 

Anne Bullen, Queen 

„ „ Smythe, T., Viscount 

Strangford 
A Lion rampant. Abernethy. Lind- 
say, D., Baron Lindsay 

„ „ Jshby. Naunton,SirR. 

„ „ Beauchamp. Cotton, 

Sir R. B. 



Arms — Continued. 

A Lion Rampant. Brabant. Digby, 

Sir K. 
„ Brabant. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
„ Brandon. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
„ Churchill. Montagu, 

J., Duke of Montagu 
„ Churchill, G. S., Duke 

of Marlborough 
„ Dietx. William III. 
„ Fitz - Jlan. Howard, 

C, Baron Howard 
„ Fitz-Alan, H., Earl of 

Arundel 
„ Hayward. Berkeley, 

R. 
„ Hetherfeld. Chet- 

wynd, W. 
„ Leon. Catherine of 

Aragon, Queen 
„ Lunenburg. George L, 

George II., George 

III., George IV., 

and William IV. 
„ Mason. Brownlow, J., 

Viscount Tyrconnel 
„ Matthew, T., Arch- 
bishop of York 
„ Meriford. Chetwynd, 

W. 
„ Nassau. William III. 
„ Norway. Anne of 

Denmark, Queen 
„ Pfalz-am-Rhein. Fred- 
erick, Elector 
„ Rochford. Anne Bullen, 

Queen 
„ Russell, F., Earl of 

Bedford 
„ Russell, W., Duke of 

Bedford 
„ St. George, Sir R. 
„ Smith. Spencer, G. T., 

Earl Spencer 
„ Thynne. Campbell, 

J. F., Earl Cawdor 
„ Trevor, M., Viscount 

Dungannon 
„ Wynstone. Cecil, W., 

Baron Burgh ley 
„ Wynstone. Pye, Sir 

R. 



429 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Arms — Continued. 

A Lion rampant between 3 crosses. 

Capell, W., Earl of Essex 
A Lion rampant between 8 crosses. 

Hutchinson, T. 
A lion rampant between 3 pheons. 
Egerton. G o w e r, 
G. L., Duke of 
Sutherland 

„ „ Egerton, F. H., Earl 
of Bridgwater 
A Lion rampant between 14 tau 

crosses. Powell. Naunton, Sir 

R. 
A Lion rampant with a canton. 

Brandon. Gower, G. L., Duke 

of Sutherland 
A Lion rampant within a bordure. 
Burley. Lyttelton, 
W. H., Baron Lyt- 
telton 

„ „ Burnell. RadclifFe, R., 
Earl of -Sussex 
„ Grey. Pepys, S. 

„ „ Nuremberg. George II. 

„ „ Tyrrell. Sydney, R., 
Earl of Leicester 
A Lion rampant within a tressure, 
double, flory coun- 
ter flory, Scotland. 
All the sovereigns of 
England from James 
I. to Edward VII. 

„ „ Buchanan. Cotton, 
Sir R. 

„ „ Frederick, Prince of 
Wales 

„ „ Henry, Prince of 
IValeSy Henry 

Benedict, Cardinal. 
James, Prince of 
Wales. Maitland, 
T., Earl of Lauder- 
dale. Mary, Q^ueen 
of Scotland 

2 Lions rampant. Newport. 
Sheldon, R. 

3 Lions rampant. Herbert. Dor- 

mer, R., Earl of Car- 
narvon 
„ „ Herbert. Finch, H., 

Earl of Aylesford 
„ „ Smith, Sir T. 
„ ,, Tonge. Covert, W. 



» •>■> 



» » 



Arms — Continued. 

3 Lions rampant within a bordure. 
Chiche. Smythe, T., Viscount 
Strangford 
A Lion statant. Lyle. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
A Demi lion rampant. Dormer, R., 

Earl of Carnarvon 
3 Demi lions rampant. Bennet, H., 

Earl of Arlington 
3 Lions' heads. Cracherode, C. M. 
Monck, C, Duke 

of Albemarle 
St. Clair. Covert, 
W. 
A Lion's gamb. Boothby, Sir 

B. 
3 Lozenges. Butts. Trewarthen 
„ Montagu, J., Duke of 

Montagu 
Lozengy. Bavaria. Frederick, Elec- 
tor 
Croft. Covert, W. 
Rockly. Covert, W. 
3 Lucies. Lucy. Digby, Sir K. 
„ Lucy. RadclifFe, R., Earl 

of Sussex 
A Lymphad. Arran. Hamilton, J., 
Archbishop of St. 
Andrews 
„ Lorn. Campbell, J. F., 

Earl Cawdor 
„ Utterson, E. V. 

A Magnetic needle. Petty, W. F., 
Marquis of Lansdowne 

3 Martlets. Covert, W. 

„ Cowper, W., Earl 

Cowper 
„ Kinnear, J. G. 

„ Naunton, Sir R. 

,, Topsfield 

„ Watson, L., Earl of 

Rockingham 

4 Martlets. Edward the Confessor. 
Cotton, Sir R. B. 

8 Martlets. Brownlow, J., Viscount 

Tyrconnel * . 

10 Martlets. Valence., Earl of 

Pembroke. Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Mary, the Blessed Virgin, Williams, 

J., Bishop of Lincoln 
3 Mascles. Beaton, J., Archbishop 

of Glasgow 



430 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Arms — Continued. 

3 Mascles. Weapont. Ker, J., Duke 

of Roxburghe 
7 Mascles. Ferrers. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
A Maunch. Hastings. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
3 Mullets. Chetwynd, W. 

„ Douglas, W., Duke of 

Queensberry 
Garrick, D. 

Ker, J., Duke of Rox- 
burghe 
Kerr, W., Earl of 

Lothian 
Mirfin. Smythe, T., 

l^iscount Strangford 
Murray. Cochrane, J., 

Earl of Dun don aid 
Sutherland^ Earl of 
Gower, G. G. L., 
Duke of Sutherland 
Towncley, R. 
Wesenham. Cotton, Sir 
R. B. 

5 Mullets. Bodenham. 
Earl of Bedford 

6 Mullets. Bonvile. 
Earl of Stamford 

Nails in triangle. Holstein. Anne 

of Denmark, Queen 
3 Oak leaves. Haslerigg. Chet- 
wynd, W. 
An Orb. Churchill, G. S., Duke 
of Marlborough 
„ Frederick, Elector 

An Orle of martlets. Brownlow, J., 
discount Tyrconnel 
„ „ Valence., Earl of Pem- 
broke. Sydney, R., 
Earl of Leicester 
An Otter's head. Beaton, J., Arch- 
bishop of Glasgow 
A Pale charged with 2 roses. 

White, R. S. 
Per Pale. Abrol. 

„ Halberstadt. George II. 

„ Waldegrave, J., Earl 

Waldegrave 
Paly of 4. Aragon. Catherine of 

Aragon, Queen 
Paly of 6. Gurnon. Chetwynd, W. 
A Pall. Abbot, G., Archbishop of 
Canterbury 



Russell, F., 
Grey, H., 



Arms — Continued. 

A Pall. Laud, W., Archbishop of 
Canterbury 
„ Usher, J., Archbishop of 

Canterbury 
„ Whitgift, J., Archbishop of 

Canterbury 
3 Pears. Abbot, G., Archbishop of 

Canterbury 
A Pheon. Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
3 Pheons. Egerton. Chetwynd, W. 
„ Egerton. Gower, G. L., 

Duke of Sutherland 
„ Egerton, F. H., Earl of 

Bridgwater 
„ Rawdon, M., Baron 

Rawdon 
A Pile. Vincent, A., Windsor 

Herald 
3 Piles. Wishart. Cotton, Sir R. 

B. 
5 Piles. Henderson. Chetwynd, W. 
A Plate. Etchington. Cecil, W., 

Baron Burghley 
5 Plates. Portugal. Catherine of 

Braganza, Queen 
10 Plates. Bridgman, Sir O. 
A Pomegranate. Granada. Cath- 
erine of Aragon, Queen. 
Quarterly. Hohenzollern. George 

II. 
3 Quatrefoils. Chitting, H. 

D'Ewes, Sir S. 
„ Vincent, A., Wind- 

sor Herald 
„ Wedson. Hatton, Sir 

C. 
3 Ravens. Pye, Sir R. 
A Rose. Boscawen, H. 
„ Bullingham 

2 Roses. White, R. S. 

3 Roses. Gilbert, J., Archbishop 
of York 

3 Roundels. Abrol. 

A Saltire. See also Cross 

„ Bruce. Cotton, Sir R. B. 

„ Dering, Sir E. 

Harding. RadclifFe, R., 
Earl of Sussex 
„ Nevill. Hatton, Sir 

C. 
„ Petty, W. F., Marquis 

of Lansdowne 



431 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Arms — Continued. 

A Saltire. S/. Andrew. George III. 
„ 5/. Andrew. Mary, Queen 

of Scotland 
„ Salwey, H. 

„ Wellington. Sheldon, R. 

Per Saltire. Sicily. Catherine of 

Aragon, Queen 
A Saltire between 4 lions' heads. 

Cracherode, C. M. 
A Saltire charged with 12 crosses. 

Windsor, T., Baron Windsor 
A Sea-Horse. Garrick, D. 
3 Seals' heads. Ley, J., Earl of 

Marlborough 
3 Sheldrakes. Sheldon, R. 
3 Shields. Burrell, Sir W. 
5 Shields. Portugal. Catherine of 

Braganza, Queen 
A Stag's head. Calder. Campbell, 
J. F., Earl Cawdor 
„ „ Horton, F. 

3 Stags' heads. Williams, J., 

Bishop of Lincoln 
3 Stirrups. Scudamore. Pye, Sir R. 
A Swan. Stormer. Anne of Den- 
mark, Queen 

3 Swans. Dawes. Salwey, H. 
A Sword. Sloane, Sir H. 

4 Swords. Philpot, J., Somerset 
Herald 

5 Torteaux. Grenville, T. 

A Tower. De la Tour. Russell, F., 
Earl of Bedford 
„ Garrick, D. 

7 Towers, Castile. Catherine of 

Braganza, Queen 
A Tree supported by a lion. 
Wynstone. Cecil, W., 
Baron Burghley 
„ „ Wynstone. Pye, Sir R. 

A Tressure, double, flory counter- 
. flory. Cochrane, J., 
Earl of Dundonald 
„ „ Maitland, J., Earl of 

Lauderdale 
„ „ Mary, Queen of Scot- 

land 
„ „ Scotland. See Lion 

rampant 
„ „ Stuart, C, Baron 
Stuart 
3 Unicorns' heads. Ker, J., Duke 
of Roxburghe 



Arms — Continued, 

Vairy. Nowers. Sydney, R., Earl 

of Leicester 

4 Water bougets. Bourchier. Grey, 

H., Earl of Stamford 

„ „ Bourchier, R., Countess 

of Bath 

A Wolfs head. Lupus. Sydney, R., 

Earl of Leicester 
A Wyvern. Newport. Sheldon, R. 
„ Vandals. Anne of Den- 

mark, Queen 
Arran, Earl of (Stewart), 201 
Arthgallus, Earl of Warwick, 151 
Arthur, Prince of Wales ^ 93 
Arundel, Earl of (Fitz-Alan), 164, 227 
„ „ (Howard), 226, 237 

Ashburnham, ^/?r/<?/(Ashburnham), 54 

„ House, 128 

Augusta, Princess of Saxe-Gotha, 169 
Axon, W. E., 367 
Aylesford, Earl of (Finch), 162 

Badges — 

The Castle of De Beaufort. Henry 

vin. 

A Crescent. Percy, H., Earl of 

Northumberland 
A Daisy, crowned. Edward VL 
An Escallop. Rawlinson, R. 
A Falcon crowned with sceptre. 
Elizabeth, Queen 
„ „ James I. 
The Feather plume, triple, of the 
Black Prince. Ed- 
ward VL 
„ „ George U. 

George IV. 
„ „ Hcnry^ Prince of Wales 
„ „ James I. 
A Fleur-de-lys. Henry VIIL 

,, „ Henry, Prince of 

Wales 
„ „ James L 

The Harp of Ireland. George III. 
A Horse courant with a sprig of 
oak in his mouth. Fitz-Alan, 
H., Earl of Arundel 
A Lion rampant. Henry, Prince 

of Wales 
A Pomegranate. Henry VIIL 
Portcullis. Henry VIIL 
,, James I. 

„ Mary, Princess 



432 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Badges — Continued. 

Portcullis. Nevill, G., Earl of 

Abergavenny 
A Rose, Lancastrian. Nevill, G., 

Earl of Abergavenny 
A Rose, Tudor. Anne, Queen. 

Elizabeth, Queen 
George I. 
George III. 
Henry VIII. 
Henry, Prince of 

Wales 
James I. 
Mary, Princess 
William IV. 
Roses. George II. 
Shamrocks. George III., George 

IV., William IV. 
A Thistle. Anne, Queen 
„ George I. 

„ George II. 

,, George III. 

,, James I. 

„ Mary, Queen of Scot- 

land 
William IV. 
Balcarres, Baron Lindsay of, 269 
Bannatyne Club, 264 
Barker, Christopher, 247 

„ Robert, 247 
Barnard, Sir F., 188 
Bastard, Pollexfen, 317 
Bateman, Abraham, 247 
„ John, 247 
Sir J., 57 
Bath, Countess of. Bourchier. 71 
Bath, Earl of. Bourchier. 72 
„ „ Granville. 91 

Bath, Order of the. Badge and collar, 
183,358 
„ „ Badge, collar and 

motto, 273 
„ „ Badge and motto, 

58 
Bavaria, Duke of, 167 
Bayntun, Sir H., 60 
Bear and ragged staff, i 5 1 
Beaton, D., Primate of ^ Scotland, 201 
Beaufort, Margaret, 213 
Bedford, Duke of. Russell. 327 

„ Earl of. Russell. 325, 326 

The Beldornie Press, 378 ' 
Belvoir Castle, 280 
Bennet, Sir J., 63 



Berkeley, T., 65 

Berthelet, T., Bookbinder, 152, 154, 
220, 284 

Bingham, Lavinia, 355 

Bishops' Bible, 307 

Blanch Lion Pursuivant, 316 

Blandford, Marquis of. ChurchilL 
118 

Blenheim, 353 

Blount, S., 363 

Blundell, R., 66 

Bodleian Library, Oxford, 87, 144, 
202, 323, 381, 384 

Bohemia, Frederick, King of 166, 167 

Borough, Sir J., 330 

Boscawen, E., 70 

Bosworth Field, 213 

Bothwell, Earl of. Hepburn. 288 

Bowood, 314 

Braganza, Catherine of. Queen, 94 

Brandenburg- Anspach, Caroline of, 
Princess, 176 

Bridgwater, ^^r/ (?/^ Egerton. 156 

Bridgwater Treatises, 157 

Bright, B. H., 260 

Bristol, Bishop of Gulston. 199 

British Museum, 49, 53, 54, 79, 87, 
128, 135,154,157,171,177,178, 
188,191, 195,202,205,213,222, 
228, 237, 248, 260, 266, 274, 314, 
330, 342, 371, 384, 399 

Brownlow, Sir W., 75 

Buckingham, Duke of the County of 
Sheffield. 337 

Buckingham, Marquis of. Villiers. 54 

Bullen, Anne, Queen, 46, 161, 220 
„ Sir T., 46 

Burghley, Baron. Cecil. 98, 307, 

314 
Burrel, P., 78 

Cadency Marks. 

An Annulet. Fifth son. Walker, 

Sir E. 
A Crescent. Second son. Abrol,W. 
Ashby, Naunton, Sir 

R. 
Bacon, F., Viscount St. 

Albans 
Dudley, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Green, J. H. 
Grenville, T. 
Hatton, Sir C. 



433 



2 F 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Cadency Marks — Contiyiued. . 

A Crescent. Henry Benedict, Car- 
dinal 
„ Horton, F: 

. „ Howard, H., Earl of 

Northampton 
„ Mir fin. S my the, T., 

Viscount Strangford 
Pye, Sir R. 
„ Fitzalan. Russell, F., 

Earl of Bedford 
Say, W. 
„ Smith, Sir T. 

„ Stanley. Digby, Sir K. 

A Fleur-de-lys. Sixth son. Sandys, 

Sir T. 
A Label of 3 points. Eldest son. 
Brotkerton. Anne 
BuUen, Queen 
„ „ Brotherton. Howard, 
H., Earl of Nor- 
thampton 
„ „ Frederick, Prince of 

Wales 
„ „ George, Prince of 
Wales, afterwards 
George II. 
Grey, H., Earl of 
Stamford 
„ „ Yi^nrj, Prince of Wales 
„ „ Howard, C, Baron 

Howard 
„ „ fames. Prince of Wales. 
Mary of Modena, 
Queen 
A Label of 3 points, each charged 
with 3 Fleurs-de-lys. Earl of 
Lancaster. Anne Bullen, Queen 
A Label of 5 points. Angouleme. 

Anne Bullen, Queen 
A Martlet. Fourth son. Charnock. 

Smith, Sir T. 
A Mullet. Third son. Howard, 
C, Baron Howard 
„ Sapcote. Russell, F., 

Earl of Bedford 
„ Stuart, C., Baron Stuart 

Topsfield. Walpole, H., 
Earl of Oxford 
Cadwallader, Dragon of 213, 220, 

247 
Caesar, Sir J., 314. 
Calder, Muriel, 84 
Cambridge, University of 7,0'] 



Camden, W., Clarencieux Herald, 3 1 6, 

381 
Camden Society, 322 
Campbell, J., Baron Cawdor, 84 

„ J., Earl of Loudoun, 82 

Sir J., 84 
Campden, Viscount. Noel, 305 
Canterbury, Archbishop of Cranmer, 
165 

„ „ Kempe, 258 

„ „ Laud, 265 

„ „ Parker, 306 

„ Whitgift, 390 
Capel, A., Earl of Essex, 85 
Carew, G., Dean of Windsor, 86 
Carnarvon, Earl of. Dormer, 145 
Caroline, Queen, 179 
Caroline of Brandenburg-Anspach, 

176 

Carteret, Sir G., 89 

Cassano-Serra, Duke ofi^t^ 

Catherine of Aragon, Queen, 220 

Catton, 231 

Cavendish, W., Duke of Devonshire, 96 

Cawdor, Baron. Campbell, 84 

„ Earl. Campbell, 83 
Cecil, R., loi 

Chapman, C, Bookbinder, 205 
Charlemagne, Crown of, iji, 174, 180, 

190* 395 
Charlemagne, Emperor, 246 
Charles V., Emperor, 346 

„ II., King of England, 124 
„ VI., King of France, 213 
„ Prince of Wales, 124 
„ Louis, Duke, 1 1 1 
Charnock, Agnes, 345 
Charterhouse School, 360 
Chenies, 326 

Chester, Bishop of. Bridgman. 73 
Chester Herald. Chitting. 114 
Qhr\stc\\MTc\i, Dean of Jackson. 135 
Churchill, Anne, 119 

„ Henrietta, Duchess of Marl- 

borough, 353 
„ J., Duke of Marlborough, 297 

Mary, 297 
Clanricarde, Marquis of Canning. 

341 
Clarence, Duke of, 398 
Clarencieux Herald. Camden, 316, 

381 
Cobham, Viscount. Lyttelton. 276 
Cocks, C, Baron Somers, 121, 350 



434 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Cocks, Jane, 121 

Coke, E., 123 

Coleridge, S. T., 195 

College of Arms, 237, 340, 381 

Commonwealth of England, 124 

Conway Castle, 401 

Coote, H. G., 125 

„ John, 125 
Corinth, Archbishop of, ziz 
Coronets, Crowns, etc. 

Baron. Aylmer, M., Baron Aylmer 
„ Campbell, J. E., Earl 

Cawdor 
„ Carteret, J., Baron Carteret 

„ Cocks, J., Baron Vomers 

„ Long, C, Baron Farn- 

borough 
„ Lyttelton, W. H., Baron 

Lyttelton 
„ Rawdon, J., Baron Rawdon 

„ Somers, J., Baron Vomers 

Cardinal's Hat. Henry Benedict, 

Cardinal 
Crest coronet. Astle, T. 

Bagot, Sir C. 
Brownlow, J., Vis- 
count Tyrconnel 
Coke, T., Earl of 

Leicester 
Fitz-Alan, H., Earl 

of Arundel 
Howard, C, Baron 

Howard 
Hutchison, T. 
Lloyd, D., Dean 
Manners, f ., Earl 

of Rutland 
Phil pot, J., Somerset 

Herald 
Sackville, E., Earl 

of Dorset 
Spencer, C, Earl 

of Sunderland 
Vincent, A., Wind- 
sor Herald 
Duke. Cavendish, W. G. S., Duke 
of Devonshire 
„ Churchill, G. S., Duke of 

Marlborough 
„ Douglas, W., Duke of 

Oueensberry 
„ Gower, G. L., Duke of 

Sutherland 
„ ^tXy]., Duke of Roxburghe 



Coronets, Crowns, etc. — Continued. 
Duke. Manners, J., Duke of Rutland 
Monck, E., Duke of Albe- 
marle 
Montagu, J., Duke of 

Montagu 
Russell, V/., Duke of Bedford 
Foreign. William III. 
Earl. Bennet, H., Earl of Arlington 
Bourchier, H., Countess of 

Bath 
Campbell, H., Earl of Loudoun 
Capell, W., Earl of Essex 
Cholmondeley, G., Earl 

Cholmondeley 
Cochrane, J., Earl of Dun- 

donald 
Coventry, W., Earl of 

Coventry 
Dormer, R., Earl of Car- 
narvon 
Egerton, F. H., Earl of 

Bridgwater 
Finch, H., Earl of Aylesford 
Grey, H., Earl of Stamford 
Harley, R., Earl of Oxford 
Hastings, F., Earl of Hun- 
tingdon 
Howard, H., Earl of Nor- 
thampton 
Howard, T., Earl of Arundel 
Kerr, W., Earl of Lothian 
Maitland, J., Earl of Lauder- 
dale 
Manners, F., Earl of Rutland 
Nevill, G., Earl of Aber- 
gavenny 
Noel, B., Earl of Gains- 

borough 
Percy, H., Earl of Northum- 
berland 
RadclifFe, R., Earl of Sussex 
Sackville, E., Earl of Dorset 
Sheffield, J., EarlofMulgrave 
Spencer, G. T., Earl Spencer 
Waldegrave, J., Earl Walde- 
grave 
„ Watson, L., Earl of Rocking- 
ham 
Electoral cap. George III. 
Marquis. Churchill, G. S., Duke of 
Marlborough 
„ Petty, W. F., Marquis of 

Lansdowne 



435 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Coronets, Crowns, etc. — Continued. 
Mural. Rawdon, J., Baron Rawdon 
Princely. Henry, Prince of Wales 
„ James II. 

„ James, Prince of Wales 

„ Mary of Modena, Q^ueen 

Royal. All of the sovereigns of 
England 
„ Henry Benedict, Cardinal 

„ French. Mary, Q^ueen of 

Scotland 
„ Hanoverian. George III. 

„ „ George IV. 

William IV. 
„ Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. Albert 
of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 
Prince 
„ Scottish. Mary, Queen of 

Scots. 
Viscount. Bateman, W., discount 
Bateman 
„ Brownlow, J., Viscount 

Tyrconnel 
„ Maitland, J., Earl of 

Lauderdale 
„ Mordaunt, J., Viscount 

Mordaunt 
Corpus Christi College, 306 
Cottage Design on bookbindings, 

109 
Cotton, Sir J., 127 
„ Sir R., 139 
„ Thos., 127 
„ SirT., 127 
Cottonian Library, 178 
Courten, W., 342 
Coventry, W., 130 
Covert, J., 132 
Cowper, Baron, 133 
Cranfield, L., Earl of Middlesex, 72 
Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury^ 

Crawford, Earl of. Lindsay, 270 
Crests figured. (Small details not 
given here.) 
An Anchor. Kinnear, J. G. 
An Antelope. Byng 
An Arm, with club. Brudenell. 
„ with laurel branch. Bur- 

rell, Sir W. 
„ with sword. Philpot, J., 

Somerset Herald 
„ holding 6 arrows. Smith, 

J. 



Crests — Continued. 

2 Arms in armour, holding a ring. 

Musgrave, Sir W. 
6 Arrows surmounted by a morion. 

Cecil, W., Baron Burghley 
A Basilisk. Naunton, Sir R. 
A Bear with ragged staff. Dudley, 

R., Earl of Leicester 
A Bear, head only. Berkeley, R. 
„ „ Vincent, A., Windsor 
Herald 
A Boar. Bacon, F., Viscount St. 
Albans 
„ demi, wounded by an 

arrow. Cracherode, 

C. M. 
„ head only. Lloyd, D., 

Dean of Peterborough 
A Buck's head. Locker, E. H. 

,, „ Windsor, T., Baron 

Windsor 
A Bull, crowned. Rivers, Sir J. 
„ head only. Hastings, F., 
Earl of Huntingdon 
A Camel's head. Pepys, S. 
A Coat of mail hanging on a tree. 

Somers, J., Baron Somers 
A Cock upon a garb. Coventry, 

W., Earl of Coventry 
A Cockatrice. Hutchinson, T. 
A Coot. Coote, C. 
A Cross crosslet fitchee, between 

wings. Pye, Sir R. 
An Eagle with a sun in glory. 
Campbell, H., Earl of 
Loudoun 
„ demi. Challerton. 

„ „ Fitz-Alan, H., 

Earl of Arundel 
„ head only. Hoare, Sir 

R. C. 
An Eagle's head, with foot in the 

beak. Stanley, T. 
An Estoile. Sackville, E., Earl of 

Dorset 
A Falcon holding a shield. White, 

R. S. 
Feather plume in a case. Astle, T. 
A Garb, upon which is a cock. 

Coventry, W., Earl of Coventry 
A Goat's head. Bagot, Sir C. 
A Greyhound. Brownlow, J., Vis- 
count Tyrconnel 
„ Tash, T. 



436 



Index of Arms, etc, 



Crests — Continued. 

A Greyhound, head only. Sutton, 

T. 
A Griffin's head. Bayntun, W. 

„ „ Montagu, ).^ Duke 

of Montagu 
„ „ Spencer, C, Earl 

of Sunderland 
Spencer, G. J., 
Earl Spencer 
A Heart, crowned and winged. 
Douglas, W., Duke of Queens- 
berry 
A Hind. Hatton, Sir C. 
A Lion passant. Howard, C, Baron 

Howard 

A Lion rampant with an arrow. 

„ „ Egerton, F. H., 

Earl of Bridgwater 

„ „ demi. Bridgman, Sir 

O. 
„ „ „ Stuart, C, 

Baron Stuart 
A Lion sejant. Ley, J., Earl of 
Marlborough 
„ „ between 2 horns. 

Frederick, Elector 
Palatine 
„ „ holding a sword and 

a fleur-de-lys. Mait- 
land, J., Earl of 
Lauderdale 
„ „ holding a sword and 

a sceptre. Mary, 
Queen of Scotland 
A Lion statant on a royal crown. 
The Crest of England. 
English Sovereigns, 
from James I. on- 
wards 
„ „ Frederick, Prince of 
Wales., coroneted 
A Lion's gamb. Boothby, Sir B. 
A Man's head. Walpole, H., Earl 

of Oxford 
A Mullet. Garrick, D. 
An Ostrich with a horseshoe in 
his beak. Coke, L, 
Earl of Leicester 
„ ,, Digby, Sir K. 

An Ostrich wing. Gulston, W., 

Bishop of Bristol 
Ostrich feathers. Dering, Sir E. 
Trewarthen 



Crests — Continued. 

An Ounce's head. Smythe, T., 

Viscount Strangford 
A Peacock in Pride. Manners, F., 

Earl of Rutland 
A Pheon. Rawdon, J., Baron 

Raw don 
A Phcenix. Smith, Sir T. 
A Saracen's head. Mordaunt, J., 

Viscount Mordaunt 
A Serpent. Cavendish, W. G. S., 

Duke of Devonshire 
A Sheldrake with an escallop. 

Rawlinson, R. 
A Squirrel. Blundell, A. 

„ Carteret, J., Baron 

Carteret 
„ Carteret, G., Baron 

Carteret 
A Stag. Cocks, J., Baron Somers 
A Swan. Campbell, J. F., Earl 

Cawdor 
A Talbot. Heydon, Sir C. 

„ with a tree. Topsfield 

„ head only. Chitting, H. 

A Tent. Lindsay, D., Baron 

Lindsay 
A Wolfs Head. D'Ewes, Sir S. 
A Wyvern. Trevor, M., Viscount 
Dungannon 
Cromwell, Oliver. Protector. 124 
Crown Jewels, 122 
Crowns. See supra^ " Coronets, etc." 
Cumberland, Duke of, 379 
Curtana, 97 
Curzon, Mary, 328 

Darnley, ^W^ Stuart. 288 

Dartmouth, -5^r<?z?. Legge. 211 

Davies, R., 322 

Day, J., Printer^ 161, 307 

De Beaufort, Greyhound of, 213 

„_ House of, 303 

De Guiscard, A., 204 
Derby, F., Earl of Stanley. 208 
Dering, Sir A., 136 
D'Este, Alphonso IV., Duke ofModena, 

291 
Devonshire, Duke of. Cavendish. 96 
D'Ewes, Paul, 138 
Sir S., 205 
Diary of S. Pepys, 3 1 1 
Digby, Sir E., 144 
Dodge, Anne, 229 



437 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 



Dormer, Sir W., 146 

Dorset, Ear/ of. Sackville. ^^2 

Douglas, Gawyn, 264 

Droits of Admiralty, 191 

Drumlanrig, l^iscount. Douglas. 149 

Dublin, Jrms of, 247 

Dundonald, ^W ^ Cochrane. 120 

Dungannon, Viscount. Trevor. 372 

Dunkeld, Bishop of. Hamilton. 201 

Durham, Bishop of Egerton. 135, 157 

East India Company, 334 
Edward IV., 212 

Effingham, Baron Howard of 232-3 
Eliot, T., Bookbinder, 205 
Elizabeth, Queen, 49, 161, 210 

„ Princess, daughter of James 

I., 167 

„ of York, 2 1 3 

Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 

44 

Esstx, Earl of. Capell. 85,229,320 

Falmouth, discount. Boscawen. 69 
Farmer, R., 188 

Farnborough, Baron. Long. 273 
Ferdinand, King of Spain, 93 
Fitz-Alan, H., Earl of Arundel, 227 
„ W., Earl of Arundel, 165 
Fitzwalter, Viscount. Radclyffe. 320 
Foundation Libraries of the British 

Museum, 178 
France, Arms of, 189 

„ Queen of Mary of Ejigland. 
293 
Francis II., King of France, 287 
Franks, Sir W., 287 
Frederick V., Elector, 49 

„ II., King of Denmark, 49 
„ Prince of Wales, 187 

Frisingfield, 369 

Gainsborough, Earl of Noel. 304-5 
Gamage, Barbara, 363 
The Garter. Alone, 44, 50, 63, 100, 
103, 158, 164, 168, 
171, 174, 180, 193, 
214, 224, 234, 239, 
249, 279, 295, 296, 
312, 313, 319, 336, 

392 
„ With the Great George 

and the Collar. Fron- 
tispiece, 1 83, 1 86, 190, 
395 



George III., 222, 344 

» IV., 97, 222 
The George. The badge of the Order 
of the Garter. Frontispiece, 183, 
186, 190, 395 
Germany, English Dominions in. 

Arms of, 189 
Gibson, John, Bookbinder, 247 
Glasgow, Archbishop of. Beaton. 61 
Glover, M., 235 
R., 316 
„ Susan, 316 
Gower, Baron, 194 
Granby, Marquis of Manners. 282 
Granville, Countess, 89 
Green, J., 195 
Grenville, Baron, 195 

„ George, 196 

Grey, Lady Jane, loi, 150, 154, 

293 
Grey of Groby, Baron, 197 
The Great George. Frontispiece, 183, 

186, 190, 395 
Great Wymondley, Manor of, 135 
Grolier, the English, 407 
Guernsey, Baron of. Finch. 163 
Gulston, Elise, 200 
Gunpowder Plot, 312 

Hampden, John, 318 
Hanover, 189, 379 
Harley, Sir E., 204 
„ R., 260 

„ Library of, 178, 197, 205 
The Harp of Ireland, 187, 246 
Haselrig, Sir A., 197 
Hatton, W., 210 
Helmets. 

Esquire. Berkeley, R. 
„ Boothby, Sir B. 

„ Challeston 

„ Chitting, H. 

„ Coke, T., Earl of 

Leicester 
„ Digby, Sir K. 

„ Hatton, Sir C. 

„ Ley, J. Earl of Marl- 

borough 
„ Naunton, Sir R. 

„ Pepys, S. 

Pye, Sir R. 
„ Smith, Sir T. 

„ Sutton, T. 

„ Topsfield 



438 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Helmets — Continued. 

Esquire. Vincent, A., Windsor 
Herald 
„ Walpole, H., Earl of 

Oxford 
Knight. Bagot, Sir C. 

„ Somers, J,, Baron Vomers 

Peer. Brownlow, J., Viscount Tyr- 
connel 
„ Campbell, Earl of Loudoun 
„ „ ].¥.y Earl Cawdor 

„ Carteret, G., Baron Carteret 
„ Cecil, W., Baron Burghley 
„ Coventry, W., Earl of 

Coventry 
„ Fitz-Alan, H., Earl of 

Arundel 
„ Howard, C, Baron Howard 
„ Lindsay, D., Baron Lindsay 
„ Maitland, J., Earl of Lauder- ■ 
dale 
Royal. Anne, Q^ueen 
„ Charles J. 

„ . 11. 

„ Frederick, Prince of Wales 
George I. 

„ n. 
„ in. 

„ IV. 

,, James II. 
„ Mary, (^ueen of Scotland 

William III. 
„ IV. 
Henry VII., 220, 293 

„ Prince of Wales, 165, 237 
Hepburn, J., Earl of Bothwell, 288 
Herbert, Anne, 146 
Heydon, Sir C, 229 
Hickman, Dixie, 403 
HighclifFe Castle, 358 
Howard, P., Earl of Arundel., 237 

„ W., Baron Howard 
Huntingdon, Earl of Hastings. 208, 

321 
Hutchinson, P., 238 
Hyde, Anne, 53, 395 

,, E., 53 
India, Emperor of 155 

„ Empress of 379 
Ingestre, 1 1 3 
Initials. 

A. Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 
Prince 

A. R. Anne, Queen 



Initials — Continued. 
C. C. Charles II. 
C. R. 

Car. Rex. „ 
E, H. L. Locker, E. H. 
E. P. Edward VI. 
E. R. 

E. R. Elizabeth, Queen 
G. P. George II. 
G. R. „ L 

G. R. „ III. 

H. B. Blundell, H. 
H. C. Chitting, H. 
I. D. Trevor, M., Viscount Dun- 



I. R. {i.e. I. Reynes.) Tudor Rose 
J. D. James II. 

J. R. „ I. 

K. D. V. Digby, Sir K. 

M. D. Henry VIII. 

M. M. S. Sykes, Sir M. M. 

M *. Mary, Queen of Scotland 

M. R. William III. and Mary II. 

M. S. Mary, Princess 

R. D. Dudley, R., Earl of Leicester 

W. D. Douglas, W., Duke of 
Queensberry 

W. R. William III. 
The Irish Harp, 187, 246 
Isabella, Queen ofSpain, 93 

Jackson, Cyril, Dean of Christckurch^ 

135 
James I., King of England, 227, 280 

„ II-, „ „ 395 

„ IV., King of Scotland, 246 
» V. „ „ 287 

John of Gaunt, 276 

Johnson, Dr. S., 188 

Juan IV., King of Portugal, 95 

Judd, Alice, 348 
„ Sir A., 348 

Kalthoeber, C, Bookbinder, 188, 355 

Kemp Town, 258 

Kempe, J., Archbishop of Canterbury^ 

258 
Kempe, T., Bishop of London, 258 

„ Sir T., 258 
Kenilworth, i 5 1 
Kent, Edward, Duke of, 379 
Ker, R., Duke of Roxourghe, 260 
Kerr, R., Earl of Ancrum, 262 



439 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



The King's Library, British Museum, 



La Garrique, family of, 170 
Lambeth Palace Library, 42, 266 
Lansdowne, Earl and Marquis of. 

Petty, 314 
Lauderdale, Viscount and Earl of. 

Maitland, 278 
Legends, ^ee Mottoes. 
Legislative Union of Great Britain 

with Ireland, 1801. 188 
Legislative Union of England and 

Scotland, 1706. 53 
Leicester, Earl of Coke, 121 

Dudley, 150 
Sydney, 363 
Lewis, G., 196 

„ J-, 373 
Ley, H., 268 

„ J., Baron Ley, 268 
Lincoln, Bishop of Williams, 401 

„ Earl of Clinton, 233 
Lindsay, Baron, 270 

„ J., Lord Menmuir, 270 
L'Isle, Viscount. Sydney, 363 
Liverpool, Earl of Jenkinson, 191 
LlandafF, Bishop of Gilbert, 192 
Locker, W., 272 
Locker-Lampson, F., 272 
London, Bishop of Kempe, 258 
Long, Beeston, 274 
Lothian, Countess of, Kerr, 262 

„ Earl of Kerr, 262 
Loudoun, Earl of. Campbell, 82 
Louis XIL, King of France, 293 

„ XI^''., King of France, 144, 
291 
Lovel, Baron, 123 
Luca.n, Earl of Bingham, 355 
Lumley, Baron, 165, 227 
Lyttelton, Baron, 276 

„ G. C, Viscount Cob ham, 276 
Sir T., 276 

Magdalene College, Cambridge, 309 
Maitland, Baron, 278 
Malpas, Viscount. Cholmondeley, i i 5 
Manners, Dorothy, 305 

„ ]., Earl of Rutland, 2-j() 

„ Sir R., 280 
March, Earls of Mortimer, 213 
Marie Louisa, of Saxe-Coburg, Saal- 
field, 379 



Marlborough, Duke of. Churchill, 

297,353 
Marlborough, Henrietta, Duchess of, 

297» 353 
Marlborough, Earl of. Ley, 267 
Mary, Queen of Scotland, 10 1, 246 
Masterman, Henrietta, 365 

Henry, 365 
Matthew, J., 294 
Maurice, John, 227 
Mearne, S., Bookbinder, 109, 124 
Mecklenburg, Charlotte of. Queen, no 
Menmuir, Lord. Lindsay, 270 
Middlesex, Earl of. Cranfield, 72 
Modena, Alphonso IV., Duke of 289, 

Moira, Earl of. Hastings, 321 
Monck, D., Duke of Albemarle, 342 

„ G., „ „ 295 

Montagu, Duke of, 297 
„ House, 342 
The Moon, 219, 375 
Mordaunt, J., Earl of Peterborough, 299 
Mortimer, Earl of Harley, 203 
Mottoes and Legends. 

AGE QUOD AGis. Blundcll, H. 

ANNA. Anne, Queen 

ASTRA CASTRA (with the crcst). 
Lindsay, D., Baron Lindsay 

AVITO VIRET HONORE. StUart, C, 

Baron Stuart 
BE MiNDFULL. Campbell, J. F., Earl 
Cawdor 

BIBLIOTHECA ARUNDELIANA. HoWErd, 

T., Earl of Arundel 

BIBLIOTHECA MANUSCRIPT. SLOANEIANA. 

Sloane, Sir H. 
BON TEMPS viENDRA. Bourchicr, R., 

Countess of Bath 
CAVENDO TUTUS. Cavendish, W, G. 

S., Duke of Devonshire 

THE COMMONWEALTH OF ENGLAND. 

The Commonwealth 
coNsiLio ET ANiMis (with the crest). 

Maitland, T., Earl of Lauderdale 
coR VNV VIA VNA. Cccil, W., Baron 

Burghley 

DARE QVAM ACCIPERE. Lloyd, D., 

Dean of St. Asaph 

DAVID DOMINUS LYNDESAY DE 

BALCARRES. Lindsay, D., Baron 
Lindsay 
DEsiR na' repos. Howard, C, Baron 
Howard of Effingham 



440 



Index of Arms, etc, 



Mottoes and Legends — Continued. 

DEUS DAT NOBIS TUAM PACEM ET POST 
MORTEM VITAM ETERNAM AMEN. 

Henry VIII. 
DEVS iNDVSTRiAM BEAT. Harbome, W 

DIEU DEFEND LE DROIT. Churchill, 

G. S., Duke of Marl- 
borough 
„ „ Spencer, C, Earl of 

Sunderland 
,, „ Spencer, G. J., Earl 

fencer 
DIEU ET MON DROIT. Charles I. 
Charles II. 
George I. 
George II. 
„ „ George III. 

„ „ George IV. 

Henry VIII. 
James I. 
James II. 

EDOARDVS DERING MILES ET BAR- 

ONETTVS. Dering, Sir E. 
ELIZABETH. Elizabeth, Queen 

ESSE QUAM VIDERE. BrOWnloW, J., 

Viscount Tyrconnel 

EX DONG RACHAEL COMITISS^ BATHON 
DOTARE AN DOM. MDCLXX. Bour- 

chier, R., Countess of Bath 

PARI QU^ SENTIAT. Walpolc, H., 

Earl of Oxford 

FAYTH FAILETH NOT. Topsfield 
FEAR GOD AND FEAR NOT. Lockcr, 

E. H. 

FERENDUM UT viNCAs. Beaton, J., 
Archbishop of Glasgow 

FIDE ET FORTITUDINE. Capcll, W., 

Earl of Essex 

FIDELITATE ET SAGACITATE. Chit- 
ting, H. 
FIEL PERO DESDICHADO. Churchill, 

G. S., Duke of Marlborough 
FORDWARD. Douglas, W., Duke of 
Queensberry 

FORTITER GERIT CRUCEM. Hutchin- 

son, T. 
GOD WITH US. The Common- 
wealth 

HEC ROSA VIRTUTIS DE CELO MISSA 
SERENO ETERNU FLORENS REGIA 

scEPTRA FERET. Tudor Rose 

HONI SOIT QVI MAL Y PENSE. (The 

motto of the order of the Garter.) 
Albert of Saxe- Coburg-Gotha, 



Mottoes and Legends — Continued. 

Prince. Anne, Queen. Bennet, 
H., Earl of J r ling ton. Cecil, 
W., Baron Burghley. Charles I. 
Charles II. Elizabeth, Queen. 
Fitz-Alan, H., Earl of Arundel. 
Frederick, Prince of Wales, 
George I. George II. George 
III. George IV. Gower, G. L., 
Duke of Sutherland. Henry VIII. 
Henry, Prince of Wales. Howard, 
H., Earl of Northampton. James 
I. James II. Manners, P., Earl 
of Rutland. Monck, C, Duke of 
Albemarle. Montagu, J., Duke of 
Montagu 
HONORANTES ME HONORABo. Hast- 
ings, F., Earl of Huntingdon 

JACOBUS A BETOUN ARCHIEPISCOPUS 

GLASGUENsis, 1 5 76. Bcaton, J., 
Archbishop of Glasgow 
ICH DiEN. Edward VI. 

„ Frederick, Prince of 

Wales 
„ George II. James I. 

IN DEFENS. Mary, Queen of Scot- 
land 

INGENUAS SUSPICIT ARTES. Long, C, 

Baron Farnborough 

INSIGNIA KENELMI DIGBY EQVITIS 

AVRATi. Digby, Sir K. 

JOANNES METELLANUS LAUDERI^ 

COMES. Maitland, J., Earl of 

Lauderdale 
LOYAL DEVOIR. Cartcrct, G., Baron 
Carteret 

„ „ Carteret, J., Baron 

Carteret 
LOYAUTE MON HONNEUR. Walker, 

Sir E. 
MARIA REGiNA. Mary, Queen of 

Scotland 

MEA GLORIA FIDES. WatSOn, L., 

Earl of Rockingham 

MENS CUIUSQUE IS EST QUISQUE. PcpyS, 

S. 

LAMIA GRANDEZZA VIENE DAL ECCELSO. 

Anne, of Denmark, Queen 

NEC ELATA NEC DEIECTA. Finch, H., 

Earl of Aylesford 
NEC PRECE NEC PRETio. Bateman, 

W., Viscount Bateman 
NEC SPERO NEC DESPERO. Green, J. 

H. 



441 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Mottoes and Legends — Continued. 

NEMO ME IMPVNE LACESSIT. (The 

motto of the Order 
of the Thistle.) 
Campbell, A., Earl 
of Loudoun 
„ „ George III. 
NE VILE FANO. Bourchier, R., 

Countess of Bath 
NOBiLis IRA (with crest). Stuart, 
C, Baron Stuart de Rothesay 

NON EST MORTALE QUOD OPTO. 

Bourchier, R., Countess of Bath 

NUMEN LUMEN MUNIMEN. Liudsay, 

D., Baron Lindsay 
PERSEVERANDO. White, R. S. 

PRO CHRISTO ET PATRIA. Ker, J., 

Duke of Roxburghe 
PRODESSE QUAM coNSPici. Somers, 
J., Baron Somers 

PRUDENS QUI PATIENS. Coke, T., 

Earl of Leicester 
PRUDENS siMPLiciTAS. NauHton, Sir 

R. 
REX HENRicus VIII. HcHry VIII. 

RICHARD SAMUEL WHITE, ESQ. 

White, R. S. 

THE RIGHT HONOURABLE SIR CHARLES 

BAGOT. Bagot, Sir C. 
ROBERT HARLEY. Harley, R., Earl 
of Oxford 

SAM. PEPYS CAR. ET JAC. ANGL. REGIB. 
A SECRETIS ADMIRALI^. PepyS, S. 

SA VERTU MATiRE. Mary, Queen of 

Scotland 
SEMPER EADEM. Aunc, Queen 

„ „ Bourchier, R., 

Countess of Bath 
SIC DONEc. Egerton, F. H., Earl of 

Bridgwater 
siGiL. GUL. BAYNTUN. Bayntun, W. 

SIGILLUM RICARDI SANCTI GEORGII. 

St. George, Sir R. 

SORS MEA DEXTRA DEI. Kcrr, W., 

Earl of Lothian 
SPEM FORTUNA ALiT. Kinnear, J. 

G. 
STEADY. Aylmer, M., Baron Aylmer 
STOURHEAD LIBRARY. Hoare, Sir R. 

C. 

SVB LIBERTATE QVIETEM. Burrcll, 

Sir W. 
TENEZ LE vRAi. Towneley, R. 

TERES ATQUE ROTUNDUS. Abrol 



Mottoes and Legends — Continued. 

THOS. SUTTON ARM. FUNDATOR. 

Sutton, T. 
TRiA juNCTA IN UNO. (The motto 

of the Order of the Bath.) 

Bagot, Sir C. Bateman, W., 

Viscount Bateman. George III. 

Long, C, Baron F arnborough 
UNG DiEU UNG ROY. Lyttelton, W. 

H., Baron Lyttelton 
viNCENTi AUGUSTA. Vinccnt, A., 

Windsor Herald 

VINCIT VERITAS. CoOte, C. 

viRTUTE ET FIDE. Harley, R., Earl 

of Oxford 
VIRTUTE NON VERBIS. Petty, W. F., 

Marquis of Lansdowne 
viRTVTis LAVS ACTIO. Fitz-Alan, 

H., Earl of Arundel 
vivAT REGiNA. Anne, Queen 
MulgTRve, Earl of. Sheffield, 337 
Mulsho, Mary, 144 
Murray, Anne, 120 

„ Earl of Stuart, 246 
Musgrave, Sir R., 300 

Naunton, H., 302 

Nevill, Anne, 303 

„ R., Earl of Warwick^ 303 

„ W., Earl of Abergavenny^ 303 

„ greyhound of, 213, 220 

Noel, Baron^ 305 

Norfolk, Earl and Marquis of 
Howard, 236 

Normandy, Marquis and Duke of 

337 
Northampton, Earl of Howard, 234 
Northumberland, Duke of Percy, 1 50 
„ Earl of Percy, 3 1 2 

„ House, 235 

Norton, J., 247 
R., 247 

Olantigh, 258 

Old Royal Library, British Museum, 

178 
Orange, Prince of 394 
The Orb, 97 
Oxford, Earl of. Walpole, 386 

„ „ Harley, 203 

Parker, J., 317 

„ M., Archbishop of Canter bury ^ 
161 
Parker Society, 391 



442 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Parr, Catherine, Queen, 220 

Pavilion, Brighton, 399 

Payne, Roger, Bookbinder, 135, 355, 

405 
Pearson, T., 260 
Pedro II., King of Portugal, 95 
Pepys, John, 310 

„ Library, Cambridge, 309 
Persons and Families whose Arms or 
Crests are figured. 
Abbot, G., Archbishop of Canterbury 
Abernethy. See Lindsay, D., Baron 

Lindsay 
Abrol 
Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, 

Prince 
Alyson. See Salwey, H. 
Anne, Queen 
„ Bullen, Queen 
„ of Denmark, Queen 
Ashby. See Naunton, Sir R. 
Astle, T. 

Aston. See Salwey, R. 
Audley. See Windsor, T., Baron 

Windsor 
Aylmer, M., Baron Aylmer 
Bacon, F., Viscount St. Albans 
Bagot. See Chetwynd, W. 

Sir C. 
Balderstone. See Covert, W. 
Bateman, W., Viscount Bateman 
Bayntun, W. 

Beaton, J., Archbishop of Glasgow 
Beauchamp. See Cotton, Sir R. B. 
„ „ Sydney, R., Earl 

of Leicester 
Bennet, H., Earl of Arlington 
Bereford. See RadclifFe, R., Earl 

of Sussex 
Berkeley, R. 
Berondon. See Cecil, W., Baron 

Burgh ley 
Bingham. See Spencer, G. T., Earl 

Spencer 
Blackborne. See Trewarthen 
Blount. See Windsor, T., Baron 

Windsor 
Blundell, H. 
Bodenham. See Russell, F., Earl of 

Bedford 
Bonvile. See Grey, H., Earl of 

Stamford 
Boothby, Sir B. 
Boscawen, H., Viscount Falmouth 



Persons and Families — Continued. 
Boteler. See Salwey, H. 
Botevile. See Campbell, J. F., Earl 

Cawdor 
Bourchier. See Grey, H., Earl of 
Stamford 
„ R., Countess of Bath 

Bourke. See Covert, W. 
Boyes. See Covert, W. 
Brabant, Duke of See Digby, 

Sir K. 
Bradeston. See Covert, W. 

„ See Hatton, Sir C. 

Bradshaw. See Gilbert, J., Arch- 
bishop of York 
„ See Salwey, H. 

Brandon. See Gower, G. L., Duke 
of Sutherland 
„ „ Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Bridgman, Sir O. 

Brotherton. See Anne Bullen, Queen 
„ „ Howard, C, Baron 

Howard 
„ „ Howard, H., Earl 

of Northampton 
Browne. See Hatton, Sir C. 
Brownlow, J., Viscount Tyrconnel 
Bruce. See Cotton, Sir R. B. 
Brudenell 
Bullingham 
Burley. See Lyttelton, W. H., 

Baron Lyttelton 
Burnell. See RadclifFe, R., Earl of 

Sussex 
Burrell, Sir W. 

Busserard. See Naunton, Sir R. 
Butler. See Anne Bullen, Queen 

„ „ St. George, Sir R. 

Butts. See Trewarthen 
Byng 
Calder. See Campbell, J. F., Earl 

Cawdor 
Calthorp. See Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Campbell, H., Earl of Loudoun 

„ J. F., Earl Cawdor 

Capell, W., Earl of Essex 
Carew, G., Earl of Totness 
Caroline of Brandenburg. See 

George II. 
Carrell. See Hatton, Sir C. 
Carteret, G., Baron Carteret 



443 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Persons and Families — Continued. 
Catherine of Aragon, Q^ueen 

„ Braganza, Q^ueen 

Cavendish, W. G. S., Duke of 

Devonshire 
Cecil, W., Baron Burghley 
Challeston 
Charles I. 

,, II. 

Charlotte of Mecklenburg, Queen 

Chetwynd, W. 

Chiche. See Smythe, T., Viscount 

Strangford 
Chichele. See Smythe, T., Viscount 

Strangford 
Charnock. See Smith, Sir T. 
Chitting, H. 

Cholmondeley, G., Earl Cholmondeley 
Churchill, G. S.,Duke of Marlborough 
Cochrane, J., Earl of Dundonald 
Cocks, J., Baron Somers 
Coke, T., Earl of Leicester 
Coleshill. See Trewarthen 
Colville. See Worthington 
Comyn. See Covert, W. 
Coote, C. 
Cotton, Sir R. B. 
Coventry, W., Earl of Coventry 
Covert, W. 

Cowper, W., Earl Cowper 
Cracherode, C. M. 
Culcheth. See RadclifFe, R., Earl 

of Sussex 
Davenport. See Digby, Sir K. 
Dawes. See Salwey, H. 
De La Tour. See Russell, F., Earl 

of Bedford 
Dene, See Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Dengayne. See St. George, Sir R. 
Dering, Sir E. 
D'Este. See Mary of Modena, 

Q^ueen 
D'Ewes, Sir S. 
Dexter. See Smythe, T., Viscount 

Strangford 
Digby, Sir K. 

Dormer, R., Earl of Carnarvon 
Douglas, W., Duke of Queensberry 
Duckenfield. See Smythe, T., 

Viscount Strangford 
Dudley. See Sydney, R., Earl of 
Leicester 

„ R., Earl of Leicester 



Persons and Families — Continued. 
Dyall. See Covert, W. 
Edward the Confessor. See Cotton, 

Sir R. B. 
Edward VI. 
„ VII. 
Egerton. See Chetwynd, W. 

„ „ Gower, G. L., Duke 

of Sutherland 
„ F. H., Earl of Bridgwater 

Elizabeth, Q^ueen 
Etchington. See Cecil, W., Baron 

Burgh ley 
Fane. See Bourchier, R., Countess 

of Bath 
Ferrara. See Mary of Modena, 

Queen 
Ferrers. See Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Finch, H., Earl of Aylesford 
Fitzalan. See Russell, F., Earl of 

Bedford 
Fitz-Alan, H., Earl of Arundel 
Fitz-Walter. See RadclifFe, R., 

Earl of Sussex 
Frederick, Elector Palatine 

„ II., King of Denmark. 

See Anne of Denmark, 
Queen 
„ Prince of Wales 

Froxmere. See Russell, F., Earl of 

Bedford 
Gamage. See Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Gardiner. See Kinnear, J. G. 
Garrick, D. 

Garshall. See Chetwynd, W. 
George I. 

„ II. 

„ III. 

„ IV. 
Gilbert, J., Archbishop of York 
Glover. See Philpot, J., Somerset 

Herald 
Gore. See Bayntun, W. 
Gower, G. L., Duke of Suther- 
land 
Granville. See Gower, G. L., Duke 

of Sutherland 
Green, J. H. 
Grenville, T. 

Grey. See Egerton, F. H., Earl of 
Bridgwater 

„ „ Pepys 



444 



Index of Arms, etc 



Persons and Families — Continued. 

Grey, ^ee Radcliffe, R., Earl of 
Sussex 
„ Sydney, R., Earl of Leices- 
ter 
„ H., Earl of Stamford 
Gulston, W., Bishop of Bristol 
Gurnon. See Chetwynd, W. 
Hamilton, J., Archbishop of St. 

Andrews 
Harborne, W. 
Harding. See RadclifFe, R., Earl 

of Sussex 
Harley, R., Earl of Oxford 
Haslerigg. See Chetwynd, W. 
Hastings. See Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Hatton, Sir C. 
Hayward. See Berkeley, R. 
Heath, B. 

Henderson. See Chetwynd, W. 
Henry VII. 
„ VIII. 

„ Prince of Wales 
„ Benedict, Cardinal York 
Herbert. See Dormer, R., Earl of 
Carnarvon 
„ „ Finch, H., Earl of 

Aylesford 
Herringham. See Russell, F., Earl 

of Bedford 
Heydon, Sir C. 

Hillock. See Naunton, Sir R. 
Hoare, Sir R. C. 
Holdenby. See Hatton, Sir C. 
Horton, F. 

Houghton. See Naunton, Sir R. 
Howard, C, Baron Howard of Effing- 
ham 
„ H., Earl of Northampton 

„ T., Earl of Arundel 

Hutchinson, T. 

Ingleby. See St. George, Sir R. 
Inglish. See Naunton, Sir R. 
James I. 

,, I. See Frederick, Elector 
„ II. 

„ Prince of Wales 
Judd. See Smythe, T., Viscount 

Strangford 
Kemp, T. R. 

Ker, J., Duke of Roxburghe 
Kerr, W., Earl of Lothian 
Kinnear, J. G. 



Persons and Families — Continued. 
Lancaster, Earl of. See Anne 

Bullen, Queen 
Langton. See Sydney, R., Earl of 
Leicester 
„ See Worthington 

Laud, W., Archbishop of Canterbury 
Leveson. See Gower, G. L., Duke 

of Sutherland 
Ley, J., Earl of Marlborough 
Lindsay, D., Baron Lindsay 
Lloyd, D., Dean of St. Asaph 
Locker, E. H. 

Long, C, Baron Farnborough 
Lorn. See Campbell, J. F., Earl 

Cawdor 
Lort. See Campbell, J. F., Earl 

Cawdor 
Lucy. See Digby, Sir K. 

„ „ Radcliffe, R., Earl of 

Sussex 
Lupus. See Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Lyle. See Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Lyttelton, W. H., Baron Lyttelton 
Maitland, J., Earl of Lauderdale 
Maltravers. See Fitz-Alan, H., Earl 

of Arundel 
Manners. See Noel, B., Earl of 
Gainsborough 
„ F., Earl of Rutland 

„ J., Duke of Rutland 

Marr. See Douglas, W., Duke of 

Queensberry 
Marlin. See Naunton, Sir R. 
Mary I., Queen of England 

Queen of Scotland 
of Modena, Queen 
Princess of England 

„ See Egerton, F. H., 

Earl of Bridg- 
water 
„ „ See Gower, G. L., 

Duke of Suther- 
land 
Mason. See Brownlow, J., Viscount 

Tyrconnel 
Masterman. See Sykes, Sir M. M. 
Matthew, T., Archbishop of York 
Meriford. See Chetwynd, W. 
Meynell. See Windsor, T., Baron 
Windsor 



445 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Persons and Families — Continued. 
Mirfin. Bee Smythe, T., Viscount 

Strangford 
Monck, C, Duke of Albemarle 
Montagu, J., Duke of Montagu 
Montfort. ^ee Salwey, H. 
Monthermer. ^ee Montagu, J., 

Duke of Montagu 
Mordaunt, J., Viscount Mordaunt 
Mortimer, ^ee St. George, Sir R. 
Mulsho. Bee Digby, Sir K. 
Murray. Bee Cochrane, J., Earl of 

Dun don aid 
Musgrave, Sir W. 
Naunton, Sir R. 
Nevill. Bee Hatton, Sir C. 

„ G. E., Earl of Abergavenny 
Neville. Bee Digby, Sir K. 
Newport. Bee Sheldon, R. 
Noel, B., Earl of Gainsborough 
Nowers. Bee Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Offley. Bee Hatton, Sir C. 
Parker, M., Archbishop of Canterbury 
Pepys, S. 

Percy, H., Earl of Northumberland 
Petty, W. F., Marquis of Lansdozvne 
Philpot, J., Bomerset Herald 
Pilkington. Bee Smythe, T., 

Viscount Btrangford 
Pinchbeck. Bee Cecil, W., Baron 

Burghley 
Poulett, B., Lady 
Powell. Bee Naunton, Sir R. 
Pye, Sir R. 

RadclifFe, R., Earl of Sussex 
Rawdon, J. Baron Raw don 

„. M. 
Rawlinson, R. 

Raymond. Bee Chetwynd, W. 
Rivers, Sir. J. 

Rochford. Bee Anne Bullen, Queen 
Rockly. Bee Covert, W. 
Russell, F., Earl of Bedford 

W., Duke of Bedford 
Sackville, E., Earl of Dorset 
St. Andrew. Bee Commonwealth 
„ „ George III. 

„ „ Mary, Queen of 

Bcotland 
St. Clair. Bee Covert, W. 
St. George. Bee Commonwealth 
„ „ George III. 

„ Henry VIII. 



Persons and Families — Continued. 
St. George. Bee Tudor Rose 
St. George, Sir R. 
Salter. Bee Chetwynd 
Salwey, H. 
Sandys, Sir T. 
Sapcote. Bee Russell, F., Earl of 

Bedford 
Say, W. 

Scudamore. Bee Pye, Sir R. 
Sheffield. Bee Covert, W. 

„ J., Earl of Mulgrave 
Sheldon, R. 
Sloane, Sir H. 

Smith. Bee Spencer, G. J., Earl 
Bpencer 

. J- 

„ Sir T. 

Smythe, T., Viscount Btrangford 
Somers, J., Baron Bomers 
Spencer. Bee Churchill, G. S., Duke 
of Marlborough 
„ C, Earl of Bunderland 

„ G. J., Earl Bpencer 

Stanley. See Digby, Sir K. 

„ ,, Gower, G. L., Duke 

of Sutherland 
T 
Stanton. Bee Hatton, Sir C. 
Strange. See Gower, G. L., Duke 

of Sutherland 
Stuart, C, Baron Stuart de Rothesay 
Sutton, See Smythe, T., Viscount 
Btrangford 

11 T. 
Sydney, R., Earl of Leicester 
Sykes,'Sir M. M. 
Symonds. See Covert, W. 
Talbot. Bee Lyttelton, W. H., 

Baron Lyttelton 
Tash, T. 
Thynne. Bee Campbell, J. F., Earl 

Cawdor 
Tollemache. 5^^ Grey, H., Earl of 

Stamford 
Topsfield 
Towneley, R. 
Trelawny. Bee Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Trevor, M., Viscount Dungannon 
Trewarthen 

Trussell. See St. George, Sir R. 
Tyrrell. See Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 



446 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Persons and Families — Continued. 

Usher, J., Archbishop of Armagh 

Utterson, E. V. 

Valence, Earl of Pembroke. See 
Sydney, R., Ear/ of Leicester 

Vandals. Anne, of Denmark^ Queen 

Verney. See Chetwynd, W. 

Victoria, Queen 

Vincent, A., Windsor Herald 

Waldegrave, J., Earl Waldegrave 

Walker, Sir E. 

Walpole, H., Earl of Oxford 

Ware, Sir J. 

Warren. See Anne Bullen, Queen 
„ „ Howard, C, Baron 

Howard 
„ „ Howard, H., Earl of 

Northampton 

Warwick. See Sydney, R., Earl of 
Leicester 

Watson, L., Earl of Rockingham 

Weapont. See Ker, J., Duke of 
Roxburghe 

Wedson. See Hatton, Sir C. 

Wellington. See Sheldon, R. 

Wesenham. See Cotton, Sir R. B. 

Westcote. See Lyttelton, W. H., 
Baron Lyttelton 

White, R. S. 

Whitgift, J., Archbishop of Canter- 
bury 

William III. and Mary II. 

Williams, J., Bishop of Lincoln 

Windsor, T., Baron Windsor 

Wodhull, M. 

Worthington 

Wotton, E., Baron Wotton 

Wright, J. 

Wycliffe 

Wyerley. See Salwey, H. 

Wyndham, Sir H. 

Wynstone. See Cecil, W., Baron 
Burghley 
„ „ Pye, Sir R. 

Wyse. See Russell, F., Earl of 



Yonge. See Covert, W. 

York. See Hatton, Sir C. 

Zouch. See Naunton, Sir R. 
Peterborough, Earl of Mordaunt, 

299 
Philip II., King of Spain, 283 
Phillips, T, 65 
Philpot, H, 316 



Pirckheimer family, 237 
Places, the Arms of which are figured. 
Angouleme. Anne Bullen, Queen 
Aragon. Catherine, of Aragon, 

Queen 
Armagh, See of Usher, J., Arch- 
bishop of Armagh 
Bavaria. Frederick, Elector Palatine 
Brabant. Sydney, R., Earl of 

Leicester 
Brandenburg. George II. 
Brunswick. George I. George II. 

George IV. William IV. 
Buren. William III. 
Canterbury, See of Abbot, G., Arch- 
bishop of Canter- 
bury 
„ „ Laud, W., Archbishop 

of Canterbury 
„ _ „ Whitgift 
Castile. Catherine, of Aragon, 

Queen 
Castile, a bordure of. Catherine, 

of Braganza, Queen 
Catsenelboge. William III. 
Chalon. William III. 
Crossen. George II. 
Dalmenhurst. Anne, of Denmark, 

Queen 
Denmark. Anne, of Denmark, Queen 
Dietz. William III. 
Ditzmers. Aunt, of Denmark, Queen 
England. All the sovereigns of Eng- 
land from Henry VII. 
to Edward VII. 
Frederick, Prince of Wales 
Gower, G. L., Duke of 

Sutherland 
Henry, Prince of Wales. 
Henry Benedict, Car- 
dinal. 
James, Prince of Wales 
Lyttelton, W. H., Baron 

Lyttelton 
Mary, Princess 

„ of Mo den a. Queen 
France. 
Geneva. 
Gothes. 
Grenada. 
Queen 
Guyenne. Anne Bullen, Queen 
Halberstadt. George II. 
Hohenzollern. George II. 



William III. 

Anne, of Denmark, Queen 
Catherine, of Aragon, 



447 



English Heraldic Book-Stamps 



Places — Continued. 

Holstein. Anne, of Denmark, Queen 

Ireland. All the sovereigns of Eng- 
land from James I. to Edward 
VII. Frederick, Prince of Wales, 
Henry, Prince of Wales. Henry 
Benedict, Cardinal. James, Prince 
of Wales. Mary, of Mo den a. 
Queen 

JagerndorfF. George II. 

Leon. Catherine, of A r agon. Queen 

Lincoln, See of. Williams, J., 
Bishop of Lincoln 

London, City of Henry VIII. 
„ „ Tudor Rose 

Lunenburg. George I. George II. 
George III. George IV. 

William IV. 

Magdeburg. George II. 

Mecklenburg. Charlotte, of Meck- 
lenburg, Queen 

Minden. George II. 

Moers. William III. 

Nassau. William III. 

Norway. Anne, of Denmark, Queen 

Nuremberg. George II. 

Oldenburg. Anne, of Denmark, 
Queen 

Orange. William III. 

Pfalz - am - Rhein. Frederick, 

Elector Palatine 

Pommern. George II. 

Portugal. Catherine, of Braganza, 
Queen 

Prussia. George II. 

Ratzeburg. Charlotte, of Mecklen- 
burg, Queen 
„ George II. 

Saxony. George I. George II. 
George III. George IV. 

William IV. 

Scotland. All sovereigns of England 
from James I. to Edward VII. 
Frederick, Prince of Wales. 
Henry, Prince of Wales. Henry 
Benedict, Cardinal. James, 

Prince of Wales Mary, Queen of 
Scotland. Mary, of Modena, 
Queen 

Schwerin. Charlotte, of Mecklen- 
burg, Queen 

Sicily. Catherine, of Ar agon. Queen 

Sleswick. Anne, of Denmark, 
Queen 



Places — Continued. 

Stormer. Anne, of Denmark, Queen 

Sweden. „ „ „ 

Vianden. William III. 

Wenden. Charlotte, of Mecklenburg, 
Queen 

Wenden. George II. 

York, See of Matthew, T., Arch- 
bishop of York 
Plot, Robert, 1 1 3 
Poulett, Earl, 317 

Queensberry, Duke of. Douglas, 147 
„ Earl of Douglas, 149 

„ Marquis of. Douglas, 

147, 149 

RadclyfFe, H., 320 
R., 320 
RatclifFe, J., 188 
Rawdon, Sir J., 321 

Lm 322 
Rawlinson, Sir T., 323 
Raymond, Sir C, 78 
The Record Office, 213 
Reviczky, Count, 355 
Reynes, J., Bookbinder, 219, 376 
Richard III., 213, 303 
Richmond, £tfr/ o/I Tudor, 213 
Rivers, Sir G., 324 
„ Sir J., 324 
Rivet, Mirabel, 229 
Robsart, Amy, 150 
Rockingham, Earl of. Watson, 314 

» »> » 3°° 

Ros, of Hamlake, Baron. Manners, 
280 
„ Eleanor, 280 
Rothesay, Baron Stuart de. Stuart, 

Rouge Dragon Pursuivant. Philpot, 

316 

Rows, John, I 51 
„ Roll, 151 
Roxburghe, Duke of Ker, 259, 260 

„ Club, 260 

Royal Libraries, 399 
„ Society, 237 
„ Titles, 189 
Rutland, Duke of Manners, 281, 305 

Earl of. „ 279 

Rylands, J., 355 
Mrs. 355 



448 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Sackville, R., Earl of Dorset, 328 
Saint Albans, Viscount. Bacon, 56 

„ Andrews, Archbishop of. Hamil- 
ton, 201 

„ Asaph, Dean of Lloyd, 271 

„ Benet's College, 306 

„ George, 375 

„ „ The Chevalier, 222, 

257 
Sir H., 384 
T., 330 
„ John's Gate, Clerkenwell, 170 
Salic Law, 380 

Salisbury, Bishop of Gilbert, 192 
„ Dean of Williams, 401 

Sandys, E., Archbishop of York, 333 
Sandys Islands, 334 
Say, W., 335 

Sceptre with the Dove, 280 
Semper eadem, 53 
Shelburne, £W <?/^ Petty, 314 
Sheldon, W., 340 
Sloane, Alex., 341 

„ Sir H, 178 
Smith, J., 345 

Sir T., 205 
Smythe, Sir J., 348 

„ Sir T., 334 
Sobieski, Mary Clementina, 222 
Solebay, Battle of 'i^^^ 
Somers, Baron. Cocks, 121, 350 
Somers Islands, 334 
Somerset Herald. Philpot, 315, 

316 
Sondes, Viscount., 388 
Sophia, Electress, \6j, 173 
Southampton, Earl of Wriothesley, 

327 
Spanish Armada, 233 
Stafford, Marquis of, Gower, 194 
Stamford, Earl of Grey, 197, 205 
Stanley, Sir E., 356 
Sir T., 144 
„ Venetia, 144 
Stanneries, Warden of the, 70 
Stanley, Elizabeth, 208 
Stourhead Library, 230 
Stowe, Library at, 54 
Strawberry Hill, 386 
Stuart, Lady Arabella, 294, 312 

„ Sir C, 358 

„ Henry, Earl of Darnley, 288 

„ Susan, 1 19 
Suffolk, Duchess of Brandon, 293 



Suffolk, Duke of Brandon, 293 

Sun in glory, 219, 375 

Sunderland, Earl of Spencer, 119, 

352 



Supporters. 
Angels, two. 



A Bear. 

Herald 

Bucks, two. 



Anne Bullen, Queen 
Catherine, of A r agon. 

Queen 
Harley, R., Earl of 

Oxford 
to crown. Henry 

VII. 
Tudor Rose 
Vincent, A., Windsor 



Cavendish, W. G. S., 
Duke of Devonshire 
„ „ Kerr, W., Earl of 

Lothian 
A Dragon and a greyhound. Henry 

VIII. 
An Eagle of the Holy Roman 
Empire. Churchill, G. S., Duke 
of Marlborough 
Eagles, two. Maitland, J., Earl of 

Lauderdale 
A Greyhound. Walker, Sir E. 
Griffins, two. Watson, L., Earl 

of Rockingham 
A Griffin and a Wyvern. Spencer, 

G. J., Earl Spencer 
A Horse and a Griffin. Egerton, 

F. H., Earl of Bridgwater 
Lions rampant, two. Bateman, W., 
Baron Bateman 
Capell, W., Earl 
of Essex 
,, „ Cecil, W., Baron 

Burgh ley 
„ „ Frederick, Elector 

Palatine 
„ „ Howard, C, Baron 

Howard 
Long, C, Baron 
Farnborough 
„ „ Somers, J., Baron 

Somers 
Lions sejeant, two. Henry VJI. 

„ „ Lindsay, D., 

Baron Lindsay 

A Lion and an Eagle. Mary of 

Modena, Queen 

„ and a Hart. Campbell, 

J. F., Earl Cawdor 



449 



2 G 



English Heraldic Book- Stamps 



Supporters — Continued. 

A Lion and a Unicorn. All the 
sovereigns of Eng- 
land from James I. 
to Edward VII. 
„ „ Frederick, Prince of 

Wales 
Men, two. Ker, J., Duke of Rox- 

burgke 
Mermen, two. Lyttelton, W. H., 

Baron Lyttelton 
Pegasi, two. Douglas, W., Duke of 
Queensberry 
„ „ Petty, W. F., Marquis 

of Lansdowne 
Stags, two. Carteret, G., Baron 
Carteret 
„ „ Carteret, J., Baron 

Carteret 
Talbots, two. Brownlow, J., Vis- 
count Tyrconnel 
„ „ Waldegrave, J.,^tfr/ 

Waldegrave 
A Unicorn and a Fox. Windsor, 

T., Baron Windsor 
Unicorns, two. Mary, Queen of 
Scotland 
Surrey, Earl of Howard, 235 
Sussex, Earl of RadclifFe, 319 
Sutherland, Countess of Gower, 194 
„ Duke of. Gower, 193 

Earl of. „ 194 

„ Marquis of ,, 194 

Sutton, R., 560 
Swinford, Catherine, 213 
Sydney, Baron ^ 363 
Sir H., 363 
Sykes, Sir C, 365 

Talbot, Elizabeth, 276 

„ Sir G., 276 
Tangier, 95, 311 
Taverner, John, 293 
Thackeray, W. M., 360 
Thenford, 405 

Thistle, Order of the. Badge and 
Collar, 183, 285 
„ „ Motto, 81 

Thomae Wottoni et Amicorum, 408 
Throwley, Baron. Sondes, 387 
Thynne, Elizabeth, 84 
Totness, Earl of. Carew, 86 
Towneley, Charles, 61, 371 
„ Christopher, 371 



Towneley, Richard, 371 
Trevor, Baron, 373 
Trinity College, Dublin, 377 
Tudor, E., Earl of Richmond, 2 1 3 
„ Margaret, 246, 287 
Rose, 213, 375 
Tufton, Mary, 123 
Tyrconnel, Viscount. Brownlow, 74 
The Ulster Hand. Boothby, Sir B. 
Burrell, Sir W. 
Carteret, G., 
Baron Carteret 
„ Ley, J., Earl of 

Marlborough 
„ „ Sloane, Sir H. 

„ „ Sykes, Sir M. M. 

The Unicorn of Scotland, 247 
The Union of England and Ireland, 

188 
The Union of England and Scotland, 
53 

University Library, Cambridge, 356 
Usher, Arnold, 377 
Utterson, John, 378 

Velvet Bindings, 161 

Venice, Consul at. Smith, 188 

Verulam, Baron. Bacon, 56 

Victoria, Queen, 44, 97 

Vincent, W., 381 

The Virginia Company, 334 

Vives, Ludovicus, 93 

Waddington, G., 121 

Wales, Princes of, 176, 187, 191, 223, 

256 
Walpole, R., Earl of Oxford, 386 
Warwick, Arthgallus, Earl of 151 

„ Richard, Earl of Neville, 

303 
Watson, Edith, 389 
Wendcborn, F., 191 
West, J., 188 

„ Mr., 260 
Westcote, Baron. Lyttelton, 275 
Westminster, Dean of Williams, 401 

„ Abbey Library, 2 1 3 

Westminster School Dormitory, 128 
Westmoreland, Earl of Fane, 

72 
Wheatley, H. B., 311 
White Knights, 119 
Whitechurch, Sir M., 373 



450 



Index of Arms, etc. 



Whitgift, H., 390 

Wilhelmina Caroline, Queen, 179 

Williams, Edmond, 401 

Williamson, Sir J., 64 

Wiltshire, ^W ^ Bullen, 160 

Windsor, Baron, 402 

„ Dean of. Carew, 86 

„ Herald. Vincent, 379 
„ Library at, 222 

Woburn, 326 

Wodhull, J., 404 

Worsley, Frances, 91 
Sir R., 91 
Sir W., 90, 127 

Wotton, T., 407 



Wright, A., 408 
Wriothesley, Rachel, 327 

„ T., Earl of Southampton, 

327 
Wyndham, Sir J., 410 

York, Archbishop of Gilbert, 192 
„ „ „ Matthew, 294 

„ Sandys, 333 
,, „ „ Williams, 401 

„ Cardinal. Henry Benedict, 22 i- 

222 
„ Duke of (Aft. James II.), 254- 

337 
Young, Patrick, 227 



THE END 



Printed ^^ R. & R. Clark, Limited, Edinburgh. 



ly 




THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 

OF CALIFORNIA 



GIFT OF 
William F. Freehoff