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5'^b'^Ce ^^^^ A 





ERNEST MASON SATOW (now Sir E. Satow, G.C.M.G.) 










"X'Oicoii-A.TyEji^, SH^A-iTQ-n^ft-i, noiTCj-iconsra- & 

Pbinted by The ShCkisha, Tokyo. 



FiBST Edition. (Post 16 mo., xiv + 366pp.) January, 1875- 
By Ernest Mason Satow, Japanese Secretary to 
H. M. Legation at Yedo, and Lsbiba.shi Masakata, 
of the Imperial Japanese Foreign Office. 

Second Edition. (Post 16 mo., xvi4-415 pp.) January, 
1879. By Ernest Mason Satow, B.A., Second 
Secretary and Japanese Secretary to H. M, 
Legation at Yedo, and Jshibashi Ma.sakata, a 
Secretary of the Japanese Foreign Office. 




During the quarter of a centviry which has elapsed since the issiie of the last 
edition of this Dictionary the vocabiilary of the Japanese Spoken Language has 
been enriched by the addition of a very considerable body of fresh terms, 
technical and other. Rome already existed in the literary language, others have 
been newly coined to meet the varied needs of New Japan ; but all, or nearly all, 
are " Sinico-Japanese ", and as such have necessarily found their Avay into conver- 
sational use through the medium of the AVritten Language, — the press, the 
platform, and the bar being largely instrumental in gaining them colloquial 
currency. The process of colloqnialization, however, is not yet, perhaps never 
will be, ccmiDlete, and educated Japanese, to whom alone such terms are fiiUy 
intelligible, probably have the written character before their mind's eye while 
conversing. These considerations account for the only innovation in the jwesent 
edition of this work calling for sjiecial remark here, — the insertion, namely, of 
Chinese characters wherever it appeared that their presence would add to the 
interest and general utility of this compilation, which, despite this new departure, 
remains, both in respect of vocabulary and grammatical forms, substantially a 
dictionary of the Spoken Language. 

How much this, the third, edition owes to previous issues those acqvtainted 
with its predecessors, which appeared in 1875 and 1879, will see for themselves. 
For hell) ^^ it^ preparation, the thanks of the jpresent compilers, who undertook 
the task of revision and enlargement at Sir Ernest Satow's instance in 1898, are 
in the first place and in the largest measure due to Mr. Amakura Eokunosuke of 
the " Jajian Daily Mail ", Mr. Kakiuchi Kibo of the Imperial Household Depart- 
ment, Mr. Kanazawa Hisashi of the Tokyo Higher Commercial School, Mr. 
Watanabe Genjiro of Nagoya, and Mr. Ozawa Ryokichi of Yokohama, each of whom 
has, over one section or another of the work, rendered invaluable, indeed indis- 
pensable, assistance. As works of reference Messrs. Eastlake and Tanahashi's 
Japanese Translation of Webster's Dictionary, the " Unabridged Japanese-English 

Dictionary" of Captain F. Brinkley and Messrs. F. Nanjo and Y. Iwasaki, the 
"English-Japanese Dictionary" of Mr. Y. Shimada, and Mr. J. H, Gubbins' 
"Dictionary of Chinese-Japanese Words " have been consulted with great advan- 
tage, while many of the military terms have been taken from the " Dictionary of 
Military Terms and Expressions" compiled by Colonel A. G. Churchill, late 
Military Attache to H. B. M. Legation at Tokyo. To many other books and to 
numerous friends the compilers are indebted for various individual words and 

Each new edition of a dictionary is but a groundwork for its successor, and 
nowhere is finality less attainable than in Japanese lexicography. Of the many 
imperfections of the present work the compilers are fully conscious, and correc- 
tions, additions, and suggestions will be at all times gratefully welcomed. 

May, 1904. 


is prononnced like a in father, bxat is shorter. 

(diijhthong) like at in aisle. 

as in English. 

like ow in cow, but sounded at the back of the palate. 

is soft as in choose, child. 

as in English. 

like e in pen. 

(diphthong) like ei in vein. 

betwesn an English/ and h. 

in the body of a word, and in the particle ga, has the sound of ng in king ; 
at the beginning of a word, and in words formed by reduplication, such 
as goro-goro, gata-gata, g has the hard sound of g in goat. 

generally as in EngUsh ; the exact sound of hi can only be acquired by ear. 

like i in machine ; in a syllable terminated by a consonant like i in pin. 

as in English. 

as in EngUsh. 

as in EngUsh. 

when followed by ch, d, n, r, s, t, or z, as in English ; when followed by/, h, 
w, or y, it nearly resembles French terminal n ; when followed by g or k 
it is pronounced like ng in king. 

like o in tobacco. 

Uke o in over, but more sonorous. 

like ou in though. 

as in English. 

resembles an English r ; the exact sound can only be acquired by ear. 

like s in sat ; the exact sound of sh can only be acquired by ear. 

as in English. 

like u in put. 

resembles u in rude ; the exact sound can only be acquired by ear. 

as in EngUsh. 

as in English. 

as in English. In the present dictionary zu or dzu has been used as the 
actual pronunciation of each individual word seemed to reqxure. General- 
ly but not always zu will be found to correspond to the Japanese Eana >C, 
and dzu to ^ ; as, suzume, ;^ 7C ^ ; tsudzumi, 5* >*' 5 • 



1. In words of pure Jiipanese origin each uncontracted syllable has theore- 
tically the same value ; and in fact, apart from the frequent quasi-elision of i and 
u [vide § 6 infra] and the tendency of two succeeding vowels to coalesce in pro- 
nunciation [vide § 5 infra], each such syllable has the same quantity. This equal 
spacing of the syllables, however, is not inconsistent with the singling out for 
clearer enunciation of one or more of them, as in sakOfhi, tori-shirahe. The 
vowels differ in timbre, a and o being usually more sonorous, and therefore more 
prominent, than i, u and e. Sometimes again, to borrow once more the ter- 
minology of music, there is a perceptible, though to the European ear hardly 
pei'ceptible, difference of touch : JcaJci pronounced leijato, meaning " persimmon ", 
is to be distinguished from kaki with the a pronounced staccato, which signifies 
an "oyster". 

So far as this paragraph is concerned the only practical advice that can be 
given to the foreign student is that he should endeavour to educate his ear by 
close attention to his Japanese teacher's manner of speaking. 

2. The rediiplication of a consonant throws an accent on the foregoing 
syllable. This stress — the strongest occurring in Japanese — results from the 
effort required to give clear and separate enunciation to each of the two 

Ex : kat'ta ; yap'pari ; kon'nan ; it'tsui ; sas'suru ; tok'kyo ; rip'puku. 

The consonants so reduplicated are kk, mm, nn, pp, ss and tt. To these 
must be added tch (for ch'ch or ts'ch), ssh (for ts'sh), and ng where the n soiind is 
doubled, g being itself pronounced ng. 

Ex : jit'chi ; mat'cha ; bes'.shi ; nan'gi. 

3. Quantity stands next in importance in determining the prominence to be 
given to any one syllable. 

Ex : horit, siinen, daiji, shosho, kori m.ake trochees ; kajo, huulb, iambi ; 
.so(?o, aikyb, spondees ; meljim, hojiru, dactyls. 

4. The occurrence together of two different, consonants, the first ending, the 
second beginning, a syllable, (in words of pure Japanese origin generally the 
result of a contraction ), throws a moderate accent on the first of the two syllables. 

Ex : yon'da ; tsuisun'da ; udon'ko ; hoion'do ; kurom'bo ; nan'ji ; kam'bea ; 
mam'piaku ; shim'po ; man'ki ; ten'jiru ; cliim'pu. 


5. In the case of ae, ai (in pure Japanese words), ao, el (in pure Japanese 
■words), ie, ii, oe, oi and ui, the first of the two vowels is accented, though in pro- 
nunciation the two almost coalesce. In words of Chinese origin ai and ei are true 

Ex : atsura'ent : ka'emasu ; hira'Ua ; tada'ima ; iia'o ; Ika'o ; Kame'ido ; 
ki'eia ; i'eba ; shi'ite ; ki'ita ; dbo'eru ; omo'imasu ; futo'i ; tsu'ite ; aru'ita. 

In the case of ue and uo the second of the two vowels, which here again 
almost coalesce, is accented. 

Ex : Ue'no ; katsuo'busJd. 

6. I and u are frequently almost mute, and therefore quite unaccented. 
Ex: fida; iasuke; tsukareru; sidzoJmkvxtn usu. written suizokkican) ; 

into ; gekiken (usu. written gekken) ; sektken (usu, written sekken). 



a. n. 

auxiliary numeral. 

Ov. Co. 

Civil Code. 

Civ. Pro. 

Code of avil Procedure (1890). 

Com. Co. 

Commercial Code. 

Cr. Co. 

Criminal Code (1880). 

Cr. Pro. 

Code of Criminal Procedure (1890) 


distinct, distingiiished. 















indicates that the English word it follows is understood and used (often 
in a corrupted form) by Japanese : e.g. diphtheria, n. * ; jlpiiteria. 

prefixed to a Japanese word or phrase indicates that the exj)ression is 
bookish or rhetorical, and as such to be avoided in famiUar conversation : 
eg. leisurely, t ynzen (JS.W?) ; not only so, fshika nomi naradzu. 

follows and indicates the proper particle to be placed after the Japanese 
equivalent of the object of an English verb or verbal expression ; where 
the i^article is not specially indicated the use of wo is to be inferred : 
e.g. to bedaub, ni/nuri-chirakasu ; to bedaub a gate with paint, 
mon ni penki ico nun-diirakasu ; to bestride, nijmatagaru ; to bestride 
a chair, Im ni matagaru ; to dream of, no/yume too miru. 

follows and indicates, in cases of any difficulty, the proper particle to be 
used after the Japanese equivalent of the English subject of a verb: 
e.g. to be thirsty, ualnodo ga kaicaite iru ; that dog is thirsty, aiu) 
inu ica nodo ga Icaicaite iru ; to catch fire, m]hi ga tsuku ; the curtains 
caught fire, mado-kake ni hi gtx tsuiia. 


E. obj. -J- J. siibj. signifies that the object in English becomes the subject in 
Japanese : e.g. to need, t.v. iru [E. obj. -i- J. subj.] ; one neada 
money, kane ga iru. 

Tahe-rv. A decimal point placed before the terminal ru of Japanese verbs ending 
in eru and iru indicates that the r does not form part of the stem of the 
verb, which consequently, if ending in eru, belongs to the Second Conl 
jugation, and, if ending in iru, to the Third Conjugation, All other 
reguLar verbs belong to the First Conjugation, the r or other termina- 
consonant forming part of the stem: e.g. 1st conj., horu (past tense, 
hotfa, contraction for horita), oku (past tense oita, contraction for okita) ; 
2nd conj., tahe-ni (past tense, tabeta), ne-ru (past tense, neta) ; 3rd conj., 
ochi-ru (past tense, ochlta), mi-ru (past tense, mita). 

The grammatical terminology adopted in the present edition is that employed 
by Prof. B. H. Chamberlain in his "Handbook of Colloquial Japanese". 

Adjectives are throughout given in their attributive form. 

In the case of a certain number of legal terms the Japanese Code in which 
they severally occur is indicated in square brackets ; vide list of abbreviations 





A, art. There is no indefinite article 
in Japanese. For a in the sense of 
one hitotsu or ichi ( — ) compounded 
with an anxiliary numeral is used ; 
as, frme isso (— J^) a ship ; mikan 
ICO hitotsu kudasai, give me an 
orange. In the sense of each the 
particle ni is placed after the nume- 
ral or auxiliary numeral ; as, four 
yen a month, hito-tsuki ni yo yen 
If'mH) ; five sen a man, iclii nin 
■ ( — A) ni fjo sen (Eti^) ; or by de; 
as, how much a foot? shaku (fl) 
de ikura. "VVlien a is i^laced before 
a noun \vhi<;h represents a class, the 
phrase to iu mono is often placed 
after the novm in Japanese, but is 
not indispensable ; thus, for a dog is 
a faithful creature, either inu to iu 
mono iva vlifuji (,^,|§) na mon' da, 
or inu wa chugi na man da, would 

A. 1?., n. juto-suifu (±^7K5^). 

Aback, adv. to be taken , hik- 

kuri s ; kimo wo tsuhusu ; odoroku. 

Abacus, n. (counting board) soro- 

Abnft, prep, and adv. (of a ship) no 
ushiro ni ; (aft) tamo no ho ni; sengo 
(^;}t^) ni; semhi {tH^) no ho (:©) ni. 

Abalienate, t.v. hoka e yudzuru. 
Abandon, t.v. (a ciistom) sute-ru; 
hai (g5) s ; yame-ru ; haishi (^iJi) s ; 

(an intention) ; yosu ; yame-ru (a 
patient as incurable) mi-suie-ru; {n 
person) mi-sute-ru ; oki-zari ni s ; mi- 
hanasu ; mi-kagiru ; (a place) tachi- 
noku ; shirizoku ; iachisaru ; saru ; 
noku ; taikyo (jg^) s ; (a right) 
hoki (^1^) s ; (a vessel) sute-ru. 

to a case, saji wo nage-ru. 

[prov., referring to the spoon used 

for mixing drugs by doctors of the 

Chinese school]. 

to hope, dannen (Siflft) s ; 


to a wife, sai wo saru ; tsu- 

ma wo iki (xg^) s [Cr. Co.]. 
Abandoned, a. (lawless) muho 
(tej^) na ; (profligate) doraku (ill^) 
na ; hotb (j^JC^) na ; horatsu (jfttg:) 
na ; hbto-hurai {jfy.^^Wi) na. 

an fellow, dorakumono; bu- 

raikan Ojl'.^tH) ; midio na mono. 

Abandonment, n. (of a custom, 

etc.) haishi (^ik); (of a wife) iki 

{l&W [Cr. Co.]; (of a ship, to the 

underwriters) ifu (^ft) [Com. Co.]. 

of a right, kikeji {'MWL)- 

Abash, t.v. hadzukashime-ru ; haji- 
shime-ru ; nijhaji wo kakase-ru. 

to be ed, haji wo kaku ; haji- 

ru; memboku (®0) wo ushinau ; 
hadzukashigaru. [The verb is often 
expressed by the adj. hadzukashii, 
or by the phi-ase, ma ga warui]. 


[ 2 ] 


Abate, t.v. (a demand) make-ru; (a 
price) make-ru ; jiebiki wo s ; hiku. 

Abate, i.v. (in amount) heru ; gen- 
ji-ru ; (of pain, heat, etc.) yaicaragu ; 
usuragu ; shvlzumaru ; (of wind) ya- 
mu ; nngu ; shidziimaru. 

Abatemeut, n. (act of) eqiiiv. of 
Abate foil, by koto ; (of price) nebiki ; 

Abatis, n. rokusai (^|f|) ; shishi- 

Abattoir, n. tosho{^^); (for oxen) 

fogyilha (M^m) l iogyvjo (M^Bi). 
Abbess, n. amadera 7wjriji (ft^). 
Abbey, n.ji-in {^^). 
Abbot, n. hojo (:^^) ; jushoku (ft 
K) ; jnji i^m. 

chief , (erf a sect) hossu (tt±); 

(of the Zen sect) kansu (S±). 

Abbreviate, t.v. (a Chinese cha- 
racter) ryaku (^) s ; (by omitting) 
shoryaku (^§.^ s ; habiUcu ; (shorten) 
mijikaku s ; is^idzume-ru ; mijika- 
me-ru; yaku (1^)5; tsume-ru; chiji- 
me-ru ; tanshiikii (jSi®) « ; hashoru. 

Abbreviated, a. ryak^i shiia. 

character, ryakntji {%^). 

expression, ryakugo (SI5); 

ryakugen {^s)- 

sentence, ryaJcubim (Iti) ; 

ryakk^i (*fe]). 

Abbreviation, n. tanshukn (^^) ; 
gensei (JSL^) ; (of an expression) rya- 
kugen (^q") ; ryakugo i^},i\) ; (act 
of) equiv. of Abbreviate foil, by 

Abdicate, t.v. (abandon) sute-ru ; 

saru ; yudzuni. 

to office, ji (8f) s;jishok-u 

to the throne, k^irai too 

saru ; jo-i (Sft) s ; (in favour of 
another) kurai uo yudzuru. 

Abdicate, i.v. (from headship of 
family) inkyo (1^^) s [Civ. Co.]. 

Abdication, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Abdicate foil, by koto ; (of headship 
of family) inkyo; (of throne) jo-i. 

Abdomen, n. hnra ; shita-ham ; 
tanden (fl-tfi) ; o naka ; pon-pon ; [the 
last two chiefly used by women and 
children ; (med.) ka-fukuhii ( f- ^^). 

Abdominal, n. fthitahara tio; ka- 
fukuhu no. 

Abduct, t.v. saratte iku ; kadou-aka- 
su ; tsure-7iokn ; ubai-saru ; yilkni (|3| 
^) s [Cr. Co.]. 

Abduction, n. kadoicak-ashi ; yiikai 


Al»ductor, n. kadouiakashi ; yi'ikai- 
sha im^^). 

Aberration, n. mental , sei- 

shiii-sakuran (t^ijii|i|aiiL)- 

Abet, t.v. (instigate) no'shiri-oshi leo 
s ; odate-ru ; keshl-kake-ru ; sendo 
^Mf'h) s; kyos'i (fi^) s ; (the com- 
mission of a crime) hojo (^fll!)) s. 

Abettor, n. sendosha (igfj H); kyo- 
sasha (|k^^). 

Abeyance, n. to be in (of an 

affair), yni-atcasete am ; rhuzetsu ( 41 

Ig) shite oru ; ieishi (fl^lt) sarete 


Abbor, t.v. kirau ; imu ; wkumu ; 

nUcushimu; imi-kirau; ken-o (Ji^.fg) s. 

Abborreiice, n. nUcusJdmi ; iya- 
gari ; ken-o ; itol. 

Abide, t.v. (dwell) sumu ; sumau ; 
oru ; iru ; jukyo (ft^) s ; (sojourn) 
taizai (^t^.) s ; tbryn (iES) *• 

to by, (a promise, etc.) ma?no- 

ru ; (submit to, as a judgment) 
nilshitagau; nljf ukuju {fjSi^) s. 
to ... with, tolkishukii (?f jg) 
*; to'idbkyo {^^) s. 

Abide, t.v. (endure) korae-ru ; ni/ta- 
e-ni ; shinobu ; gaman (^tS) * 5 shim- 
bo (^}fe) s ; (await) matsu. 

Abies, n. (a. bifida) momi; (a. homo- 
lepis) shirabe ; shiro-isuga ; shiro- 
momi ; inagiro-momi ; (a. menziesii) 
tohi ; ezomatsu ; maisu-hada ; (a. ]x>- 
lita) toga-momi ; toga ; hari-inomi ; 
(a. tsnga) tsuga. 

Ability, n. (talent) nbryoku (i(t)i)l 
saino (:^^) ; saikan (tJ"!^) ; riklri/o 
(*a); kiryo (Sfl:); giryo (ftM) ; 
^saiki (^»). 


[ 3 ] 


man of , saishi (yf^) ; ^ai- 

hiitsu {-:^^^) ; sai no aru hito ; hin- 
icanka (®:ft^^). 
Al) initio, saisho (^W) yori ; haji- 

me yori. 
Abject, a. iyashii; gesen (y^) na ; 
misageta ; mikudasu-beki. 

poverty, sekihin (^^). 

Abjectly, adv. hige (^f) shite. 

Abjure, t.v. (a thing) chikatte 

?ro tatsu. 
Abjuration, n. (act of) chikatte 

tnt.^u koto. 
Able, a. sugureta; rikiryo no aru; 
kiryo no aru ; giryo no aru ; srnki no 
aril ; (of intellect) chikara no aru ; 
sai no aru ; noryoku no aru. 

an man, yaku ni taisxi hito ; 

bintcanka (^^^). 
I shall toe to go to-mor- 
row, ashita wa iku koto ga deki-ru ; 
ashita vn ikare'ru. 

to toe , deki-ru. 

to toe to, is generally exi^r. 

by koto ga deki-ru, after the incUc. 
pres., or by the potential in rc-ru. 

to toe un , dekinai. 

to toe un to, v. to be to, 

[the verb in this case is in the 
Able-bortied, a. tassha (^^) na ; 
kybso (35\}tfc) na ; jbbu (itj^) na ; 
karada nojobu na. 

seaman, joto-suifu {±^7jt 

Ablution, n. senshin {'i^^)', senjo 
Ci^W) ; (of ^ dead body) yvJcioan (j^ 
jg) ; (religious) mokuyoku {J>|c?§). 
Ably, adv. jodzu (i^) ni; takumi 

ni ; kbsha (X5#) '"• 
Abnegratioii, n. kyozetsu (|B|g) ; 

(self-denial) kokki (^E)- 
Abnormal, a. hogwai (ffej'h) na; 
fnjun (^JUg) na ; reigicai (^J^h)»io; 
(ttarimae de nai. 

symptoms, ijo (^^). 

Aboard, adv. scnchu (jjfitf ) ni ; fune 

of, no'senchfi ni. 

to fall of, nilshofoisu (^5^) 

s ; nijtsuki-ataru. 

to go , nijnori-komu ; nijnoru ; 

josen (^^) s. 

Abode, n. jusho (p^); kyotaku; 
sumika ; sumai ; (in a bad sense, 
lair) sokidsu (^^). 

one's OTvn (humble), settaku 

Abolisb, t.v. halshi (^jt) s ; haitei 
()S(?) * ; nozoku ; hai ()^) s ; ya- 
me-7ii ; yosu. 
to toe ed, haishi ni naru. 

Abolition, n. halshi. 

of the custom of wearing 

swords, haito ()^7J). 

of the feudal system, hai- 

han (fj^). 

total , sempai (^^). 

Abominable, a. keshikaranii; ni- 
kumu-beki ; nikui ; nlkunikushii ; ni- 

cruelty, zankoku (^gS). 

Abomiuableness, n. etjuiv. of 
Atoominatole foil, by koto. 

Abominably, adv. nikui hodo ni ; 
nikunlkushiku ; nikurashiku ; hldo- 

Abominate, t.v. nikumu ; ken-o ({^ 
^) s ; goku (@) kirau. 

I such actions, kayo na 

koto ica dai klrai da. 

Aboriginal, a. moto no ; saisho (§ 

%0) ?io ; kongen {^it) no. 
Aborigines, n.dojin (±K). 
Abort, t.v. (have an abortion) ryU- 

zan (^^) s ; (fig.) dekl-sokonau. 

Abortion, n. ryfizan ; (product of 
untimely birth) tsukifaradzu ; (fig.) 
deki-sokonai ; (wilfnl) dat(d (I'^JS) 
[Cr. Co.]. 
to cause , datai sase-ru ; ryfi- 
zan sase-i-u ; ko wo orosase-ru. 

to have an (wilful), ko wo 


Abortive, a. (immature) fujuJcu {:^ 
^) no ; (untimely) fuji (^Dj) no ; 
fngoji (;f -g-Bj) no. 

to toe , mu ni naru ; mudn ni 

naru ; dame ni naru. 

Abortively, adv. /uji ni ; fugoji ni; 

fujuku ni. 


[ 4 ] 


Abound, t.v. taJatsan (r^lU) am; 
tanto aril. 

to in, nijtomu; yutaka ni 

in-u ; takusan ni aru [E. ohj. -r- J. 

About, prep, (approximately) koro ; 
oyoso ; gurai ; hodo ; hakari ; (con- 
cerning) ni tsuite ; ni kakaicatte ; (in 
vicinity of) no moy<yri ni ; no Icinjo 
ni ; (nearly, but not qnite) hotondo ; 
kare-kore ; (round) no mnicari ni ; 
nogunn-ini; no sht'ii (^^) ni; no 
shi-men (VRM) ni. 

...... six o'clock, rokiiji goro; 

hotomlo rokniji (^f^llj). 

three hundred men, sam- 

hyrtkxi n'ln (HlJA) bakari. 

two years, oyoso ninen (ZL 


three thousand yen, kare- 
kore samen yen (HT^jg]). 

at , goro7ii; as, at three 

o'clock, sanji (HDJ) goro ni. 

that's it, sonjia mon dcslio. 

while you are it, sono 

tsuide ni. 

About, adv. (here and there) achi- 
kochi ; koko-kas)iiko ; huho ("Jj * ) : 
shoho (^•^). 

to he to (on the ]X)int of), 

is usiially expr. by the future foil, 
by to suru tokoro da. 

a steamer to enter port, 

nytlko (At?) sen to suiti kisen (^ 
JUS); minato e hairo to suru kisen. 

to be to go out, dekakatte 


to bring (a desired end), 

Ko I shitodoku ; ico/tassuru. 

to come , (occur) okoru; de- 

ki-ru : (result) nijnaru. 

to travel , yareki (-fig) s; 


to wander , haikicai (^fS) 

s ; bin-afsukii. 

after a verb, is also expr. by 

maicaru or mawasu added to the 
indef. form according as it is 
intrans. or tran=. : as, to drive 

, oi-maicasu; to lead , 

hiki-ma icasii ; to run , kake- 

mauaru; to walk , antki- 


Above, prep, (higher in place) no ue 
ni; (more in number) ijo (iUJi); 
y<> (^) ; amari ; [all placed after 
the noun]. 

a hundred men, hyal.unin 

(WA) amari; kyakunin ijo (g"A 

one the other, (with an 

i. V.) kasanotte ; (w-ith a t. v.) 

to pile one the other, dan- 
dan (^ « ) ni kasane-ru. 

to be another (inability), 

nilsngurele oru : nijmasatte oru. 

Above, adv all, daiichi ni; 

nakanzuku ; koto ni ; kotosara ni ; 
toriicakete ; tomokalcu mo ; idzure ni 
shiro. [The last two are u.sed with 
the ixjsitive]. 

AboveboarU, adv. shojiki (iEiS!) ni ; 
jittei (gj^) ni ; akarasama ni ; muki- 
dashi ni. 

Abovesaid, a. migi no. 

A]>rade, t.v. suri-hagasu ; suri-hera- 
su ; (of the skin) st/n-mu/.-M. 

Abrasion, n. suri-hage; suri-hera- 
s7u ; (of the skin) .<nni-muki ; suri- 
kidzu ; sakkicasho (^jgfK). 

Abreast, adv. (with an i.v.) narati- 
de ; (with a t.v.) wiruhete. 

to be of, ni/narande oru. 

to march two , niretsu(~ 

^ij) ni aruku. 

Abridge, t.v. (epitomize) fsudzu- 

me-ru ; tsumeru ; ryrdcv. (^) s ; 
(lessen) hahukv. ; gensei (J®^) s ; sei- 
ryaku (^^) s ; sogu. 

to a book, lion wo ryaku 

shite kaku ; hon no naka ico isu- 

mande kaku. 

to a man's rights, hito no 

kemi (^$IJ) ico sogu. 

to labour, tema tco habuku. 

Abridgment, n. (act of diminish- 
ing) gaisei ; seiryaku ; habuku koto ; 
(of a book) fsudzume-gaki ; tekiyo (i^ 
51); safsuyo (Ig^) ; ryakusetsu (^ 
U); yosetsu CX:-^); ydroku (5?!*); 
(of a conversation) tairyaku (i<.^) ; 
yosetsu ; ryahu.s-etsu ; (of a period) 
tanshuku (fe^). 


[ 5 ] 


Abroad, adv. (before the public at 
large) seJce^i (lUrff^) ni ; (from home) 
yoso e ; waki e ; (in foreign countries) 
takoku (ftb^) ni; gwaikoku {^bM) 
ni : kaigwai (J§^) ni ; (outside the 
house) omote 7ii ; soto ni ; (to foreign 
countries) kaigwai e ; takoku e ; 
(widely) hiroku ; amaneku. 

our friends zaigwai (:^^\') 

no tomodachi. 

Abrogate, t.v. hai ()g) .« ; haishi 
(^it) s ; tori-kesu ; (denounce, as a 
Treaty) haiki (1^3^) *• 

Abrogation, n. haishi; tori-keshi; 
(act of) equiv. of abrogate foil, by 
koto ; (of a Treaty, etc.) haiki. 
of a law, haiho (^^). 

Abrupt, a. (of a person) mutonjaku 
(tei|g"|f ) na ; sotsvji {^^) na ; so- 
soisn (i^4^) na; sosokashii; soho 
(ffl-^) 'i« ; ' steep) kewashii ; kyu na ; 
(sudden)/(U (^^P^e,) '^o- 

Abruptly, adv. ikinari ni ; (without 
notice) dashinuke ni ; (suddenly) ni- 
waka 7ii ; sotsuji (^^) ni ; sosoisu 
( #4^ ) '^i ; ''"2/" ni. 

Abruptness, n. (steepness) kewa- 
shisa ; kyu na koto. 

of behaviour, sobo (Igl^) 

na kyodo i^ifi). 
Abscess, n. haremono : iwsb (8lJ^) ; 
dekimono ; noshu (j^BS). 

Abscond, i.v. kakeocM s ; nige-ru ; 
shuppon (H55^) s; dasso (Jg;^) s; 
nuke-hashiru ; tobo (j^tt) s ; to/io {^ 

to with, (valuables), ico/mo- 

chi-nige s ; icojkaitai (^^J^) s. 

Absconder, n. dassdsha (flS:xfe#) ; 

tohonin (pj^t A)- 
Absence, n. (state of not being pre- 
sent) rusu ; fuzai {"^^Y 

during the of, no fuiaichu 

i'^'^^) t no rusii ni. 

of mind, bonyari shite oru 

koto; hoshin [^,t^) ; botto shite oru 

koto ; akogare. 

we are much put out by his 

, ano hito ga de ica old 

ni komai~u. 

Absent, a. {ahxo&A).zaigwai (^^) 
no ; (inattentive) fuchUi (/f^ii^,) na ; 
utsu-utsu na ; hoshin (j^>Y,'>) na ; (not 
present) /u2oi ?io ; rusti 7io. 

to be , rusu de aru ; fuzai de 

aru ; inai [neg. of i-ru"]. 

to be from a meeting, fces- 

seki (XJ^) s. 

to be from roll-call, tenko 

(Si"?) '** kake-ru. 
Absentee, n. fuzaisha (yp^fe^) ; 
(from a man-of-war) dakkansha (^ 

Absently, adv. fuchrd ni ; idsu-idsu 
to shite ; hoshin shite ; botto shite ; 
bonyari shite ; bozen (J^^Jt) to shite. 

Absent-minded, a person, 


to be , ukkari shite oru ; botto 

shite oru ; bonyari shite oru ; ako- 

Absolute, a. (as opp. to relative) 
zettai ($git) no; zettaiteki {^^^) 
no ; (perfect) expr. by no kiwamari 
after the noun ; kwanzen (^*^) na ; 
(unappealable) kakutei (fi^l^) no; 
(tinconditional) tanjun ($|it) na; 
[Com. Co.] ; kakuzen (fi^*?^-) to shita ; 
kakko (5^1-^) to shita ; (iinlimited) 
mugen {^ftjj^) na ; kagiri no nai. 
decree, kakutei-saiban (B^S 


government, sensei-se'ji (^ 

monarchy, kunshu-dokiisai- 

selji {m±WM^'<a) ; kunshu-.seiji 

Absolutely, adv. (not relatively) 

zeltai ni ; zettaiteki (Ig^rt^j) ni ; 
(without fail) zehi ; zehi to mo ; 
(wholly) mattaku ; marit de ; zenzen 

impossible, totei dekinai ; 

mattaku dekinai. 

no, sukoshi mo, ox go mo, ox 

taete, with neg. verb. 

I am opposed to, 71 i/2e<<ai- 

teki ni hantai (Ix^]) da. 
Absoluteness, n. equiv. of Abso- 
lute foil, by koto. 
Absolution, n. (of sins) shamen (^ 
^) ; shazai (%m). 


[ 6 1 


Absolutism, n. sensei-shugi (UJlJ 

Absolve, t. V. (acquit) hdm<'n (j&^) 
s ; (forgive) ytirusu ; fcamhen (S!l9?) 
s ; (from sin) shazai s. 

to from a contract, nijha- 

dan i^f^) ifo yurushiie yarn ; 

mjhadan ni shite yarn. 

to from blame, rra/tsumi ga 

nai to mitome-ru. 

Absorb, t.v. (annex territory) heidon 
( ^#) 5 ; (imbibe) sidkomu [lit.] ; 
kyfishu (®J&) s [Ut. and fig.]. 

to gradually (territory), 

sanshoku (Bft) ^• 

to be ed, sh imi-komu. 

to be ed in, (deeply engaged) 

nijkuttaku (Jg|£) s ; nijkorn ; nijko- 
ri-katamaru ; tin a bad sense) nij- 
hamari-kovm ; niffuke-ru ; (the pur- 
snit of -women) nilatstiku natte oru. 

to become ed in study, 

gakumon (^|^ ) ni koru. 

to be completely ed, mu- 

chu (^t}i) ni natte oru. 

Absorbent, n. (anat.) kyfmyuki (5J 
A^); (chem.) kyushuzai (®45cJW). 

Absorption, n. kyushfi (^4^) ; also 
equiv. of Absorb foil, by koto. 

Abstain, i.v. to from, ico/ 

tatsu ; (comment, etc.) xcojyoshUe 

to from doing, shinai de 


to from flesh and fish, 

shqjin (i^-M) s. 

to from food, zesshoku(^ 


to from wine, kinshu (^ 


tcoltsutsvshimu and v:o'.9es.'iuru are 

also used for to from, but 

their meaning is not so strong as 
that of tatsu. An article from 
which one habitually abstains is 
called tachitnono. 

Abstainer, n. total , kinshu- 

nin (^jgA). 

Abstemious, a. yojo (^4) no yoi ; 
tashinami no yoi. 

person, geko (T^). 

to be , setsiiyo (8|^) s. 

Abstemiously, adv. hodoyokv : yoi 
kagen ni ; setsuyo shite. 

Abstemiousness, n. setsuyd; yojo. 
Abstinence, n. (from evil desires) 
kokU (^E)- 

from flesh and fish, shojin 


from food, zesshoku (Ig;^). 

from wine, kinshu (^fg). 

Abstract, t.v. (epitomize, extract) 
nuki-gaki ico .<< ; kaki-nuki wo s ; 
tsiimamii ; kai-tsumamu ; bassui (g 
^) s ; (steal) jiw^Hmw ; nusumi-toru ; 
sesshu (18^) ■■*. 

Abstract, n. (selection) kaki-nuki ; 
nuki-gaki ; bassui ; (summary) ka- 
do-gaki; tekiyo {^%); tairyaku 

in the , .leishinjo (lS|W-h); 

chitshoteki (Jffi^^) ni. 

Abstract, a.mukei (fej^) ?to; chu- 

shoteki (^ftlS.^) no ; kyokei (|g)j^) no. 

noun, chilsho-meishi {JffiUl.^ 

Abstracted, a. an person, 

hoshin (JftiCO 'S/aVe oru mono ; ukka- 
ri-mono ; hotto shite oru mono. 

to be , botto shite orii; bon- 

yarl shite oru ; akogare-ru ; ho.ihin 
shite oru. 

Abstractedly, adv. hoshin shite; 
bonyari shite; botto shite; ulckari to. 

Ab.straction, n. (of mind) /<o.*A in ; 
also equiv. of To be abstracted foU. 
by koto. 

Abstruse, a. oku-fukai ; fukai ; 
oku-yukashii ; omyb (^i^) no; imi- 
shincho (M.^WiW.) no; shin-i (j^f;) 

Abstrusely, nAv. oku-f%dcaku; oku- 
yukashiku; omyb ni. 

Abstrusenes.S, n. omyb; shin-i; 
also eqiuv. of Abstruse toll, by koto. 

Absurd, a. toiulemonai; bakarashii; 
tsumaranai ; rachi mo nai ; fujbri 
(^l^S) na ; (false) kyomb (g|$) Jio ; 
kbtan-m,ukei (fj^gtte^) tw ; (laugh- 
able) okashii; baka na ; vxiran-beki. 

Absurdity, n. ti/onio ; kbtb (^t®) ; 
also equiv. of Absurd foil, by koto. ; 


[ 7 ] 


Absurdly, adv. bakarashiku ; oka- 
shiku ; baka 7ii ; kyomo ni ; fvjori ni. 

Abundance, n. takusan (r^ilj); 
dossari ; tappuri ; juntaku (iH??) 5 
hojo (^^) ; yutaka ; tanto. 
Abundant, a. di; obitadashii ; ta- 
kxisan no ; jubun na ; dossari na ; 
juntaku na ; tappuH shita ; (of har- 
vest, etc.) yutaka na ; hojo na. 

an harvest, hbsaku (^f^). 

an year, honen (^^). 

to be , takusan am; dossari 

aru ; tappuri ai-u. 

Abundantly, adv. dossari ; talcu- 
san ni ; jubun ni ; tanto ; yutaka ni ; 
hojo ni ; tappwi ; yohodo. 

Abuse, t.v. (impose on) hadzukashi- 
me-ru; (misuse) ranyo (jg^) s; so- 
matsu (^5|C) ni tsukau : (revile) 
iwnoshiru ; icaruku in ; ni/akko (^ P ) 
vo iu; icojakko (^,n) •■? ? no/waru- 
kuchi ICO iu ; bari ^§) s. 

to a woman, anna too gokan 

(5£^) *> or hadzukashime-ru. 

to tlie confidence of a 

friend, tomodachi no shinyo (ff 
^) ICO hadzukashime-ru. 

Abuse, n, (corrupt practice) akuhei 
(WM); heigai («jJcSf ) ; akushil (,^^) ; 
(misuse) raiiyo (jg^F!) ; (rude speech) 
bari (]^W) ;' afcfco (,^P); waruku- 
chi ; akutai (M$^i) I akugen (^W) ; 
nonoshiri ; (violation of a woman) 

s of the age, jihei (l$5}$). 

a longr existing , kyuhei (g 


Abusive, a. (rude) kuchi no loarui; 
tcartikuchi na ; bari no. 

language, akko ; vxiru- 


to be , akko wo iu; nono- 


Abusively, adv. kuchi toarvku ; bari 
shite ; nonoshitte. 

Abusiveuess, n. bari (S^) ; akko 
(MU); akutai (^}^c) ; afct<5ren.{^ 
H) ; kuchi no warui koto. 

Abut, t.v. tsuku ; sessuru ; sakai s. 

Abutment; n. (of a bridge) hashi- 

Acacia, n. see Mimosa. 

Academy, n. (school) gakkd (ff^K) ; 
gakudo (^^). 
military . ..., rikugun-shikwan- 
gakko (i^^±t^^). 
naval , kaigun-heigakko (^^ 

of music, ongaku-gakko (^ 


Academic, a. a purely dis- 
cussion, takvjo (^_h) no giron 

Academicals, n. seifaku (EM) 
Acanthopanax, n. (a. ricinifolium) 

harigiri ; hodara ; (n. spinosum) 

Accede, i.v. ddi (laJS) s; shbchi (^ 
^) s ; shodaku (^fS) «• 

to to, (a convention) nijka- 

fnei (M^) s ; (a reqvaest), wojkiki- 
ire-ru ; wojire-ru. 

to to the throne, kurai ni 

tsuku, or noboru ; sokui (ipfir) s. 

Accelerate, t.v. (expedite\ haka- 
dorase-ru ; isogase-ru ; ; (of 
speed), noJsoJcudo (i^f§) too masv ; 

to be ed, hakadoru ; (of 

speed) sokudo ga hayamete oru. 

Acceleration, n. (of velocity), zen- 
kasoku (jf(J!)nJi) ; kasokudo (M'^f^)- 

Accent, n. (in speaking a foreign 
language) hatsuon (l^'g') ; (manner 
of speaking) hanashi-kata ; (mark) 
yokuyb (^W>) nofugo (^■^) ; (modu- 
lation) hatsuon no yokuyo ; (rhetori- 
cal) gocho (151^) ; (stress) tsuyomi. 

Accent, t.v. (a syllable) woftsuyoku 
iu ; niltsuyomi wo tsuke-r%i. 

Accentuate, t.v. (make prominent) 
teomo ni s ; (mark accent) nilhatsuon 
no shirushi wo tsuke-ru. 

to be d (become serioos), 

teomo ni naru. 

Accept, t.v. (a bill of exchange) 
nofshiharai too shonin (^|g) s, or 
shodaku (^|S) s ; wojhiki-uke-ru ; 
(a favour or present) morau ; Ua- 
daku; chbdai (J5K) s ; junb (^Jft) 
s ; uke-osame-ru ; [said of one's 
self] ; o uke kudasaru ; o osame ku- 

ACQ [_ 

dasaru ; go juno kmlasaru ; [said of 
another] "; (consent) shochi (^^) s ; 
shodaku (-^g^) s ; shoin (^01) s: 
(take cognizance of) juri ($3) «• . 

to an invitation, shotai 

mWnioji-rii. ,- ,^^, . 

to as true, honto (^f:^) "* «• 

to office, shoku (lak) ni tsuku. 

to the responsibility of, 


Acceptable, a. fci ni in yd (t^) na 
[lit. of awch. a sort as is agreeable] ; 
teki-i {MM,) "0- 

a most thing (prov.), ai- 

ta-kuchi ni boia-mochi. 

he will find that very , 

sazo yorokohimasho [lit. he is snre 

to be glad]. 

Acceptation, n, hni ; jbji (^|6). 

Acceptance, n. (of a bill of ex- 
change) hiki-uke ; shi-harai no sho- 
nin, or shodaku ; (of a present offer- 
ed to another) go jiino ; o itke ; o 
osame; (of a present received from 
another) morau koto ; chodni ; ita- 
daku koto ; juno ; juryo ; hairyo ; 
[the last, from one's feudal lord] ; 
(of a proposition) shochi ; shodaku ; 
shoin (;^|l) ; ukegai; (of a resjion- 
sibility) hiki-idce ; (of term.s) uke. 

non (of a bill of exchange), 

shdmrai no fushonin (^^gg), or 
fushodaku {y^^Tfif^). 

Access, n. (addition) zoka (if iblj) ; 
(liaroxysm) hossa (f^f^). 
there is no to that place, 

asuko made yukiyo ga wti. 

to have to, (a person) nil 

menkicai (®^) ga deki-^ru; (a 
place) nildehain ga deki-ru ; ni/ 
shufsunyfi ({15 A.) ga deki-ru ; (a 
work of reference) wojchosa (|^]^) 
s, or shiraberu, koto ga deki-ru. 

Accessibility, n. (of a person) chi- 
kadzuki-yasui koto. 

Accessible, a. (of a person) ai- 
yisul ; rhikadzuki-yasui ; menkicai 

■ (ii#) shi-yasui; (of a place) deha 
no ii ; deyasui. 

he is always , itsu maitle 

vio jiki ni atte kure-ru. 



Accession, n. (increase) zoka (ig 
M) ; (to a confederacy) kamei (ftnM) ; 
(to the throne) sokui (EDfir); senso 

i^m)- ^ ^ 

of Jimmu Tenno (festival 

on Feb. 11), kigousetsu (lETcSfi). 
Accessory, n. dobdsha (r^lft-^) ; 

ji'dtannln [tSJEA) [Cr. Co.]; jilhajisha 

(li£?P.*) [Cr.Co.]; katannln (mWi \}; 

dorui (Iii1^5); (a thing added) fuzoku- 

/ii/t (HliSgifJ,) ; tsxdcimono. 

Accessory, a. (adde<l)/i(2ofcu no. 

Accident, n. (tlisaster) jjftw (^t^) ; 
(injury) kega (fjllj) ; (something 
unforeseen) igicai (ji;^h) "<' '''^'" > 
dekigoto; gilzen (^f^) no koto; 
(unintentional act) sosij (5g.ttj) ; ?«a- 
chigai ; tsui shita koto ; (uninten- 
tional bat due to careles.sness) kicu- 
shitsu (a§>>c)- 
a meritorious deed done by 

, kegn 7io kdn>yu (tJ}^,) 

railway ,'ihen (^jQ 

^SS) ; tetsudo no dekigoto. 

without , buji (te$) ni; 


Accidental, a. (done by accident) 
fxiryo (Tf.^) no ; gt'izen (IR^) no ; 
jfu/o (:f:®) shita ; At-j (i^i^) no ; 
igwai (M.^\-) no. 

fire, sosobi. 

homicide, ku}ashitsu-.satsu- 

jin (j^'Ji^A). 

Accidentally, mlv. (unexpectedly) 
fu-i ni ; hnkaradzu ; guzen ni ; fvto ; 
furyoni; igicai ni; (unintentionidly) 

it was done quite , vviital u 

soso de gozaimashita. 

Acclamation, n. kassai (^^) ; 
shosan (f^M)- 

Acclimatization, n. fado (gL±) 
ni narasu koto. 

Acclimatize, t.v./r«/o ni narasu. 

Acclimatized, a. fudo ninareta; 
jUco (BJI^.) ni nareta. 

to become , jiko ni nare-ru; 

jiko 711 narete kuru ; fudO ni 

Acclivity, n. saka ; shahan {^^). 
steep , kyi'izfika. 


[ 9 ] 



Accommodate, t.v. (consult the 
convenience of) nojbenri (ffi^lj) ico 
hakaru ; (furnish) yodatsu ; yoda- 
te-ru ; tsw/o {M'^) •'>''"'<^ yarn. 

can you me with a room, 

heya tco yodalerareru ka. 

to differences, naka-naori 

100 s ; icakai (jfnf5?) s ; wahoku (^ 


to one's self to circum- 
stances, ki (j^) ni nozoml hen (^) 
nioji-ru; rinki-ohen (ES.^liE^) "O 
shochi (^-^) tco .9. 

Accoinmodatiiig', a. sewa-dzuki 
na ; (in a good sense) shinseisxi (^ 
-tJO) na. 

Accommodation, n. (conveni- 
ences) benr/i (®S) ; (financial) kin- 
yii (^M) ; (rooms) run ; (space) 

hasho (mm)- 

...... bill, yudzu-tefjata (ftiii^J^). 

amount of (rooms), ma- 


as a matter of , hemji [^'^) 

no tame ni. 

can you g-ive me for to- 
night ? konya loa tomete oku koto 
ga dekirn ka. 
range of (optics), chosetsu- 

ku:okei mmmB- 

there is no left (in an inn), 

fusagatte oru ; nkima ga nai. 

Accompaniment, n, (musical) 
haya.shi ; (subordinate parts in a 
Japanese orchestra) icaki-jamisen ; 
(subordinate parts in singing) loaki- 
utae ; waki-shi ; (to a principal thing) 
fuzoku-butsu i^M^)' 
Accompany, t.v. ni/dodo (^^^) s ; 
nijdoko (i^tf)^; ni/dohan (^^) s ; 
to issho ni iku, or mairu ; tojtsu- 
redatsu ; (departing friend) ico mi- 
okuru ; (royalty) nilbaiju {^'^) s ; 
wjgubu (flfc^-) s. 

please Mr. J. to the door, 

vhotto J kun wo deguchi made o 
mi-okuri wo shite ageyo. 

documents ing a letter, 

tegami ni soete aru shorui ( g*^). 
to an army (as non-com- 
batant), jugun (tl£$) s. 

to a present by a letter, 

okuri-mono ni tegami wo soe-ru. 

to be led by (a person), 

icojdbhan s. 

to send ied by a transla- 
tion, yakubun (plrJC) wo soete 

[Polite expressions to be used to 
another are go dodo [M^M) itashi- 
masu ; o tomo itashimasu ; go issho 
ni mairimasu']. 

Accompanyist, n. (subordinates in 
' a Japanese orchestra) waki-jamisen- 
hiki. [The hiki is generally drop- 

Accomplice, n. ddrui ([n|IS) ; (in 
cTime) dohansha (fsl^H^) ; kyobosha 
i^M^) ; kyohansha (ifc?E%) ; ren- 
ruisha (i§i:^#); jilhansha (^JfQ,^) 
[Cr. Co.]. 

Accomplisli, t.v. (complete inten- 
tion or work) toge-ru ; shi-toge-ru ; 
hatasu ; sumasu ; (intention) jojtt (^ 
gfc) .9 ; (of manual work only) shi- 

to one's object, i (3;) wo to- 
ge-ru; mokuteki [Qfi'-i) wo tassuru. 

to be ed, (finished) sumu; 

(of an intention) joju s ; (of a work, 
not man^^al) selko i^:^) s ; (of 
work) deki-agaru ; shi-agaru. 

Accomplished, a. tagei (^Ig) na ; 
tano (#t&) na ; gei (g) no aru ; sai- 
gaku (yf^) no aru. 

an musician, ongaku (^|^) 

nijukutatsu (^^) shite oru hito. 

an person, ndsha (tfe%). 

an scholar, hakugaknsha 

an thief, dorobo no meijin 


Accomplishment, n. (acquired 
talent) gei (^) ; saino (y}"^) ; gigei 
(■iJiM) '> {"-ct of) equiv. of Accom- 
plish foil, by koto ; (completion) 
shuttai {ii\M); joju (J§?gfc) ; (comple- 
tion of an undertaking) seiko (^ 

m- - 

liglit s, 2/«srei (5li§). 

the of his work gave him 

great satisfaction, ano hito vxi 
shigoto ga joju itashita no de oi ni 
manzoku (fi§M) shita. 


L 10 ] 


Accord, n. (concord) icagd[^^); 
(miisic^ do-on (fi^H"); (opinion) do-i 

of its own , shizen (^f^,) ni; 

jinen ( g f^) ni ; hifori-de ni ; ono- 
dzu-to; onodzukara. 

of one's own , dzui-i (^M) 

ni ; jibun-gatie ni ; kimama ni ; kat- 
fe ni ; (on one's own initiative) 
midzukara susuade. 

of your own , (polite) go 

katte ni tsuki. 

to be in with (another's 

views), iojiken ( jt.g,) 9^ fiigo (tf^) 
s ; to'iken ga itchi {—^) s ; io'db-i 

mm ^• 

Accord, i.Y. (ngree) icago (iftl^)*; 
ail : itchi s ; (correspond) fugb s ; 
(suit with) tsuri-au ; tekitij (jg 

to with reason, ri ni an; 

dori (iS3) "i kanau. 

Accordance, n. (concord) uago ; 
(conformity) /« go ; (of opinion) do-i. 

in w^ith, ni shitagatte; ni 


in with my promise to 

you, o yakiisoku dori (i^|^j>fii(fi V ) 

is in with the Treaty, 

joyaku ni shitagalte iru ; jbynku 
(^I-J) dbri da. 

is not in with the Treaty, 

joyaku ju somuiie oru, or tagatte 

Accordingly, adv. (consequently) 
yotie ; sore yue ni ; shitagatte ; sono 
yue ni ; da kara ; sore da kara ; so 
shita tokoro de ; soko de. 

to inform a person (in that 

sense), hito ni sono mu7ie, or omo- 
muki, Ko shirase-ru. 

According to, ni via ; ni yotte ; ni 
shitagatte ; ni yoru toki wa ; shi- 
dai; as, 

what this person says, 

kono hito no hanashi ni tea, ni 
yoru told ni ica, or ni yoreba. 

circumstances, jigi (^S) 

ni yotte ; shidai {^f^) 7ii yoreba ; 
koto ni yotte; moijo-shidai {i^l^:^ 
H); (foil, by an expr. of doubt) 
koto ni yoru to. 

one's desire, kokoro shidai. 

the amount of money it 

costs, kane-daka, shidai. 

that is circumstances, 

sore wa tsugo (SP'o") shidai desu. 

Accordion, n.fukin (JS,^). 
Accost, t.v. niihanashi-kake-ru. 
Accoiicheiueut, n. bumhen (^iJi) ; 

shussan (fflM) "> shussho ({H ffe.)- 
Accoucbeiir, n. sankwa-i (M^g). 
Accoucheuse, n. samba (^^). 
Account, i.v. to for, nojriyu 

(JjSl) 'CO fokti ; no,'kotowake tco iu. 

to be unable to for, wajxjca- 

ke ga icaJcaranai. 

Account, t.v. iojsuru ; tojomou. 
to be ...... ed for, tcakaru. 

Account, n. (bill) kanjo {fiJS) ; 
kicaikei ('i§"lt) ; tsuke [last temi used 
at restaurants] ; (news) tayori ; sho- 
soku (i^,§.) ; (of a company, etc.) kei- 
san itfW-) [Com. Co.] ; (reason) riyft 
(SlU); wake; shidai; (report) nio- 
shi-tate ; hbkoku ; (spoken narrative) 
shisai (ff^) ; iware ; hanashi ; mo- 
nogatari ; (written bill) kanjogaki (|^ 
^tS) • keisansho (fHf#) ; (written 
narrative) fcyi (aE^) ; kiroku (IE|^) ; 
shimatsiigaki (in^H); (written re- 
port) moshitaie-sho ; hokokusho (?R^- 


current, tbza-adziike i'f.f $.]^). 

according to latest s, sai- 

hin (^i2) no tayori de. 

a man of no , yaku nitata- 

nai hito. 

balance of an , kanjb no 


bank , ginko-kanjo (SRfi^ 


deposit , teiki-adzuke (J^g^ 


it is of no (unomportant), 

tsumaranai koto desu ; nan' de mo 
nai koto da ; sasai (^||) na koto 

on of, 710 tame ni ; ni yotte. 

on all s, do shite mite mo; 

doko kara mite mo. 

on joint , nori-aide. 

on my , watakushi no tame 



L 11 1 


on no (positively not), kes- 

shite ; do atte mo ; do shite mo ; 
[foil, by a verb in the neg.]. 

on this , kono yue ni; kono 

icake. de ; sore da kara ; migi no 
icake de. 

savings' bank , koguchi- 

foz'i ('J^P^/?1?); chochiku-adzuke 

statement of , keisansho (^ 

mm [Civ. Co.]. 

that s for it, sore ja, sono 

v:ake, or hadzu, da. 

to add up the total of an , 

kanjo rco shime-ru. 

to call to , kenseki (^^) s. 

to close an , tori-hiki wo 


to enter an , kajijo ico toroku 

i^M) ■*'. o^ kaki-nose-ru. 

to give an of, no/shidai wo 


to hold of no , mono no ka- 

dzu to mo omoicanal. 

to leave out of , dogwai 

(!tt9\^) "i oku. 

to make up an , kanjo 

ICO s. 

to open an , kanjo ico 


to overdraw an , kicafuri- 

dashl (MWi&) s. 

to pay into , kanjo ni harai- 


to pay on of another, tate- 


to place to one's , kumi- 


to receive payment of an , 

kanjo ICO uketoru. 

to settle an , (make up) kes- 

san {if^^lt) s ; (pay) kanjo wo 

to take of stock, tanaoro- 

shi v:o s. 

to transfer from current 

to deposit, toza kanjo yori teiki- 
adzuke nifuri-kae-ru. 

to turn to , riyo ($IJ/fl) s. 

to write up one's , chomen 

(it^ffi) ^co tsxike-ni. 

AccouiltalJility, n. seme ; hiki- 
uke ; sekinin (ftff:). 

to, nijtalshite sekinin 7io aru. 

Accountable, a. he is not 

for his actions, ano hito wa jibun 
no shogyo (I'ifi^) ft-i tsuite seme wo 
ou hodo no hito de ica nai. 

who is for this ? kore tea 

dare no hiki-idce da ; kore wa dare 
no kakari, or sekinin, da. 

who is for this offence? 

kore ica dare no tsumi ni nam no 
da ; kono tsumi wa dare ni ki (^) 
sum ka. 

Accountant, n. kuaikei-kata ('#'|t" 
3^); kicaikei-gakari ; kanjo-kata (^ 
^:i&) ; (in Army) gunri (^^) ; (in 
Navy) shtikei (±ft). 

bureau (in Treasury), suito- 


Account-book, n, kwaikeicho (-#" 
ftte) ; kwaikeibo (#ffj*S) ", chomen 
(ife®) ; kanjocho (ttfi^fe) ; chobo (ijig 
W.); deiricho {^A^M); suitocho ({H 
^^) ; (of small expenses) kodzukai- 

Account-sales, n. uriage-shikiri- 


Accoutrements, n, gunso (7$:^) ; 

gunki (^ij). 
Accredit, t.v. nimmei (■g:^) s ; 7iin- 
ji-ru ; meizuru. 

ed to the Japanese Court, 

Nihon-chilsatsu {li^%i^\]) no. 

Accrue, t.v. (arise) deki-ru; shoji-ru; 

{increase) fue-ru ; oku nam ; (obtain) 


the interest ing year by 

year, maitoshi tsuku rUshi ; nen- 
nen toreru risoku (fij.g,). 

Accumulate, t.v. (amass) tamc-ru ; 
tsumi-kasane-ru ; chikuzai (Igftt) ^ » 
tsumi-age-m ; tsumu ; iakuioae-m ; 
(collect) atsume-m. 

Accumulate, i.v. tamam; tamatte 
kuru ; taiseki^H^^) s ; (of stores) 
yotte kuru. 

Accumulation, n. taiseki; tsumi- 
kasane ; tsumi-age ; (act of, intrans.) 
tamaru koto. 

Accumulative, a.v. Accumulate, 

sujira, verb nsed as adj. 

Accuracy, n. seikaku (1^^) ; mem- 
mitsu (1?,^-) ; seimitsu (i|#^'). 


[ 12 ] AOK 

Accurate, a. (correct) iadashii ; ma- 
chigal no nai ; {detailed)sA5sai (^M) 
na ; (minute) seimitsu na ; 
na ; scikaku na. 

Accurately, adv. machigai naku ; 
tadashiku ; (minntely) seimilsti ni ; 
memmitsu ni ; komaka ni ; kuicashi- 
ku ; (carefully) nen wo irete. 

Accusation, n. (act of) kokuhatsu 
(S^lt); kokuso (-^Ig) ; uUae; (chaise) 
zaijo (W^) ; (ill ortlinary i^arlance) 
kitsunan (|Sli). 
Accuse, t.v. (in ordinary parlance) 
seme-ni ; kitsunan s ; (leg.) kokuha- 
tsu s; kokuso s. 

to falsely, bukoku (Mi^^ s. 

Accuser, n. <in ordinary i^arlance) 
kitsuaansha (IgU^) ; dangaisha (55 
M^) ; (legal) kokuMisusha (-g-?^*) ; 
kokusonin (^g^A); genkok-xi; gen- 
kokunin d^.iVA)- 
Accused, n. (legal) hikoku ; hikoku- 

nin m-'^A)- 
Accustom, t.v. narasu. 

to become ed to, nilnare-ru. 

[When followed by a verb in Eng. 
nare-ru is compounded with the 
indef. form of the Japanese verb, 

as, to become ed to eat, tabe- 

nareru ; to become ed to 

live, i-nareru. Tstikeru is often 
n.sed for nareru, as, to become 

ed to do, shi-fsukei-u ; to 

become ed to hear, kiki- 

tsuke-ru'] . 

Ace, n. pin ; hUotsu. 
Acerbity, n. (of taste) shibumi ; nl- 
gami ; (of temper) kokuhaku (M^)- 

Acer Buergerianum, mitsude 

Acetate, n. sakusan-en (fiSSS^). 
of lead, enfo (lail). 

Acetic acid, sakusan. 

Aclie, i.v. itamu ; (of throbbing pain) 
chikuchiku itamu. [The adj. Uai 
(painful) is oftener used than the 

Ache, n. itami ; totsii 

bead , dzutsfi 

stomach ^/w^'^''^''^ (IS^). 

tooth , ha-itarni ; shits/'i (^ 


[Ilara ga itai is the most common 
expression for to have a sto- 

Aeliievo, t.v. toge-m; shi-toge-ru; 
hatasu ; shidse-m ; (of a scheme only) 

joju (^Jfc) .9. 

Acliievenient, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Achieve foU. by koto ; (of an 
object) Seiko (J^^fj) ; joju ; (of other 
deeds) koseki ; tegara ; koro (xj)^) ; 
ko {^) ; (of valour) buko (ii^) ; 
kunro [f^]^) ; kunko (^j:^). 

Achilles' tendon, akirisu-suji. 

Achromatic, a. mushoktc (to©,) 

Acid, a. sui; suppai; sammi [^^^i 
no aru. 

to have an taste, sammi 

ico obiru. 

Acid, n. san (85)- 

acetic , sa/i«sau (SSSS'- 

carbolic , sekitansan (^f^ 


carbonic , tansan (/-MSt)- 

citric , kuensnn (^^ii)|^fi§). 

hydrochloric , ensan t^fi$). 

nitric , stiosan (Sffig). 

phosphoric , riiisan (^^i). 

sulphuric , ryfimn (gftSS). 

tartaric , shxisekisnn (MIB 


Acidification, n. sankv:a (Kffc)- 
Acidity, t.v. stippaku s ; suku s ; 
(chem.) sankira sase-fu. 

Acidity, n. sammi ; .^hibiimi ; siani. 
to suffer from of the sto- 
mach, icalmune ga yake-ru. 

Acknowledjfe, t.v. (a child) nia- 

chi (Igfel) * ; (admit) mitome-ru ; 

shochi (^^) s ; shonin (^^) .<? ; 

(confess) hakujo (^^) s; zange (^ 


to a deed, (executed by an- 
other), sftoken (If #) ica kakujitsv 
(life) <Ja to konia (^M) s; (ex- 
ecuted by one's self) jibun (^^) 
no shaken da to shonin (^gg) .s. 
to a fault, tsumi ni /"/ 

m) f'. 

to a favour, on {^) ico ^u 

{^) s ; 1-ei (^1 ICO mosu. 


[ 13 ] ACQ 

to an error, ayamari wo 


to the receipt of, no uketori 

too s. 

to the superiority of, 

nijichimoku (—0) oite oru. 

AcknoAvledgrinent, n. (admis- 
sion) shochi ; shonin ; mitome ; (con- 
fession) hakvjo ; zange ; (of a 
child) nincld ; (receipt; iikefori ; 
Ulianks) reislia (jggllt). 

in of a present, henrel (jg 

jSI) ni. 

Acme, n. kyokutan (j^iffi) ; khca- 
mari ; iiari ; (med.) kyokudo (^SS) > 

Acne, n. nikihi ; jalcuhan (^ite). 

Acolyte, n. (Buddhist) ko-hodzu ; 

Aconite, n. kabutoglku ; torikabuto. 
Acorn, n. donguri ; kashi no mi. 
sweet , shii no mi. 

Acoustic, a. chokican (31^) no. 
nerve, choshinkei (^fi^lS). 

Acoustics, n. chogaku ; onkyogaku 

Acquaint, t.v. nilshirase-ru ; ni/isu- 

chi (31^) s ; ni/hoji-ru ; ni/tsuge'ru ; 

(polite) nijmdshi-kike-ru ; ni/o shirase 

mosn ; nijmoshi-age-ni. 

to be ed (of two persons), 

fihiri'tti de am. 

to be ed with, (a branch of 

knowledge) ico I kokoroete oru ; gal 
deki-ni ; (a language) ni/tsiiji-r'u ; (a 
person) tcolshitte oru. 
to become ed with, (a per- 
son) to / chikadiuki ni nam ; mjko- 
koroyasuku naru ; (learn for the 
first time) hajimete shiru. 

to be well ed with (a 

branch of knowledge), ni/akand, 
or kxiicashii, de am. 

widely ed, kosai (^R?) »o 


Acquaintance, n. (intimacy) shi- 
tashimi ; najimi ; (well known per- 
son) kokoroyasui hito ; chijin (^A) ; 
chiki ; shiri-ai. 
a mere , shiri-bito. 

a person with a large , fco- 

*'^" (^155) "0 hiroi hito. 

I have no with him, ojio 

hito ni wa menshiki (®^) ga nai. 

Acquaintancesbip, n. (close) 
shimboku {^^) ; kon-i (^,M)l chi- 
kadzuki ; jukkon (^1^) ; shitashimi ; 

Acquiesce, i.v. (agree) itchi (— S:) 
s ; shochi {j^fy) s ; naitoku (|ft{#) s ; 
(be resigned to) akirame-ru ; omoi- 
kiru ; dannen Oiif;) s ; (agree wil- 
lingly) manzoku (jgS) s. 

to in (submit to), nijshita- 

gau; ni/fukuju (M^) ^^■ 

to in everything (said by 

another), ii-nnri hodai ni naru. 

Acquiescence, n. (agreement )s/to- 

chi ; itchi ; (silent assent) mokuja 
(S^i^) ; (submission) kakugo [%^) ; 
fukvjii {m.^)- 
Acquire, t.v. (gain, as money) 7Ji5- 
ke-m ; (obtain) e-ru ; (purchase) mo- 
iomc-ru ; (a right) .ihutoku (KflJ-) s 
[Civ. Co.]. 

s a greater importance, 

hito-kiica omoku nam. 

to by purchase, kai-uke-ru. 

to by transfer, yudzuri- 


to knowledge of, wo/osa- 


Acquirements, n. (personal at- 
tainments) ."iaigei (^^] ; geino (3g 


Acquisition, n. (act of) sJnitokti 
iM^^) ; also equiv. of Acquire foil, 
by koto. 

Acquisitiveness, n. slutrishin (%{ 

ipJ'CO ; yokushiii (^<C») ; donyoku (^ 

Acquit, t.v. yuriisu ; homen (jftlfe) s ; 

shamen (jjffc^) s ; menso (^|^) s 

[Cr. Pro.]. 

Acquittal, n. shamen ; honwn ; (leg.) 
mxizdi-homen {fS^lf^^fi.) ; menso (f5 
m [Cr- Pro.]. 

and discharge, muzai- 


judgment of , menso no it- 



[ 14 ] ACT 

Acquittance, n, (receipt) uketorl- 
sho (^^iC). 

Acrid, a. karai ; nigai. 

Acrimonious, a. (of one person 
speaking of another) mga-nigasMi ; 
doku-dokushii ; kokuhaku {MW-) "^ 5 
(of two people disputing) hageshii; 
gekiretsu (§lj,?!l) na. 

Acrimoniously, adv. niga-nigashi- 
ku ; doku-dokushiku ; kokuhaku ni ; 
hageshiku ; gekiretsu ni. 

Acrimony, n. kokureisu (@S2J) ! G^' 
kiretsu ; nigami ; kokuhaku. 

Acrobat, n. karuwaza-shi. 

Acrobatic, a feats, karu- 

Across, prep, (over) goshi ni ; iw 
muko ni. 

the mountains, yamagoshi 


to come , (light on) ni/mi- 

ataru ; (a person) ni/de-au ; as, 

have you yet come that 

passag-e in the Analects of 
Confucius ? ano ku ico mo rongo 
de mi-atari ni narlnmshita ka. 
I came Mr. N. unexpect- 
edly the other day, senjitsu N 
kun ni zonjiyoradzH de-aimashita. 

to go , no /muko e iku. 

to jump , wo/tohi-koe-ru. 

to look , wojmi-watasu. 

to run (abridge), ico/kake- 


to shout the hedge, te/tj- 

ne goshi ni koe too kake-ru. 

to throw a bridge a river, 

kawa ni hashi ico kake-ru. 
to ■walk , ^wjwataru. 

Across, adv. yoko ni. 

the distance , sashi-watashi ; 

chokkei (ylM)- 

to tie and , jilji (-f-^:) 

ni iwae-ru. 

Act, n. (behavioiu-) koi (ff^) ; oko- 
nai; dbsa (Uf^) ; (deed) shiicaza; 
shogyo mm) ; (legal) koi (^m) [Civ. 
Ck)., Civ. Pro.] ; (of a play being 
performed) maku ; (of a printed play) 
dan (P5) ; (of parliament) horei {^^ 

^); horiisu (ffi#) ; okiie; (scene, 

fig.) danraku (^|^). 

of god, tensai (5^,^) [Cr. 

Co.] ; fukakoryoku (^^ST jt;^) ; 
tempen-jisai (^g|Jffi9c) ! tempen- 
chii (^^«!M)- 

s (as opp. to words), oko- 


in the of, (foil, by a verbal 

noun and another sentence in 
which the agent is the same) expr. 
by hydshi ni, totan ni, or hadzumi 
ni following the present indie. ; as, 

I was in the of drinking 

when I dropped the wine- 
glass, nomu hydshi nl .sakadznki 
wo otoshimashita ; (foil, by a verbal 
noun and another sentence in 
which the agent is different) expr. 
by kakafta tokoro, affixed to the 
indef. form of an intrans. verb, or, 
kakeia toki ni, affixed to the indef. 
form of a trans, verb ; as, I was 

in the of falling into the 

river when Mr. W. caught 
hold of me, watakushi ga kaica 
e. ochi-kakatta tokoro uo W. San 

ga osaeta ; I was in the of 

drinking when your brother 
came into the room, nomi-kake- 
ta toki ni go kyodai ga hey a e 
haiiie kita. 

one of the Chinese inci- 
dent is closed, Shinkoku-jiken 
(V^^^f^) ica ichi danraku (^U) 
xco tsugeta. 

the s of the Apostles, shito- 

gyMen (fjir^^f®). 

Act, i.v. (behave) not expr, in Japa- 
nese by a verb bnt by a noun ; v. 
Action ; (be of effect) kiku ; ica] 
kikime ga aru ; (hold acting aijpoint- 
ment) dairi (f^^) wo •« ; (per- 
form an action) suru ; yattsuke-ru ; 
[vulg.] ; (perform, as an actor) yaku 
(^) wo s. 

to towards, ni/shimuke' 


to up to a promise, yaku- 

soku (^']^) wo shi-ioge-ru, or rifcq 

mn) s. 

to wrongly, is expr. by 

the negative of iki-todoku, or of 


[ 15 ] ACT 

Act, t.T. (a part on the stage) tsuto- 
me-ru ; no/yaku wo s ; (counter- 
feit) mane-ru. 

to the fool, giijin (,#,A). 

or haka, nomane vx> s. 

Acting", a. (taking the place of) 
in compounds — dairi (f^i^) affixed ; 

consul, ryoji-dairi (SSVf^ 

manag^er, sbihainin-dairi ($ 


Acting", n. (theatrical) sh'mchi. 

Actinidia polygania, mata-taU. 

Action, n. (at law) sosho (IS^) ; 
[Civ. Pro.] ; kttji (^$) ; (battle) 
.sens') (Uc^) ; kassen (&H); kosen 
(^W ; (conduct) koi (ff^) ; yyojo 

(filUc); kyodo (^ij); shoi mm; 

okonai ; furumai ; (conduct towards 
another person) shi-miike ; (ges- 
tures, etc.) miiuri; taklo (^,fg) ," 
(in art) ikioi ; taido (^fS;) ; (manner 
of dealing with a case) shohxin (^ 
^j") ; shochi (tg^); (mode of action, 
of a person) shochi-buri ; (of a horse) 
arjuki ; (working, of a thing) Juita- 
chemical , kioagaku-sayo (ft 

men of , yid (^^) no hito. 

private , shiso (M^Wi) [Cr. 

Pro]. , 

public koso (5^1^) [Cr. 


right of , saiken (®ffl) [Civ. 


rocks are worn away by the 

of water, iica ga midzu no 

tame ni lierlnias-u. 

to be killed in , senshi 

(fJtfE) ■^■■ 

to bring: an against, ni 

talshite sonlio (|^|S) wo okosu ; 
rcojaite-doru ; wojuilae-ru. 

to clear for (man-of-war), 

smtb-gumhi {^M%%) wo s. 

to commence (mil.), kaiscn 

(Dflfi) .'-■• 

to institute an , uttae wo 

okosu. [Civ. Pro.]. 

to take , shobun (JS^) wo 

s ; te ICO kuda.HU. 

united ki/odr>-i(ndo (^[^jgc 

$)]) ; rengd-undo (^^jlt/j). 

Actionable, a. uttaem koto no de- 
kiru ; (criminal) kiso (flip) no de- 

Active, a. (dihgent in business) ben- 
kyo (i^5S) na ; (diligent in work) 
yoku hataraku ; (energetic, of action) 
kwatsiido-teki (^Stfifi']) no ; (nimble) 
hashikoi ; kwappatsu (rS^) na : su- 
hashikoi; (of brain) hinsho (i^M) 
na ; rihatsu ($1J^) na ; (vigorous) 
mame na ; fassha (iS#) na ; jobu 
(5t^) na. 

capital, rytlist'i-sJdhon (j)6i3i 

partner, gyomutantd-sham 

verb, tadoshi (i^MM)- 

voice, hataraki-kake ; nodo- 

ch5 mmm)- 

an officer on the list, gen- 

eki-.<.h5ko im^tnm- 

to be (in organizing), /to> 

to be on the list, zaiekichu 

(^^Slffj) <^« «'■«• 

while on service in the 

G.eld, jugxinchn (^IfEff )• 

Actively, adv. kwappatsu ni ; (dili- 
gently) benkyb (%%) shite; (of 
brain) binsho ni ; ka.shUcokn. 

Activity, n. (motive power) kwitsu- 
doryoku {f^tjli^) ; (of bodj') kioap- 
patsu ; (of brain) binsho ; rihatsu ; 
(opp. to passivity) kwatstido. 

Actor, n. yakusha {^9t^) ; haiyu (^ 

Actress, n. onna-yakusha ; joyil {ii: 


Actual, a. jits-u (5g) 710 ; shinjiisxi 
(tSS) "^^ ; makoto 710; honio (^^) 
no ; jissai (Ttl^) no. 

condition, jikkijo Cgjil) ; 

genjb (igVi). 

...... cost, genka (^^). 

the facts, ji.-<sai (KR?) I i/<;"»- 

ba no tokoro- 

Actuality, n.; ; jilsuji (K^) ; 
genjitsu (fJl'g). 


[ 16 ] 


Actually, aAr. jitsu ni; makoioni; 
hontb ni ; shinjitsu ni ; jissai 7ii ; (at 
the i>resent time) gen (5^) ni. 

Actuary, n. shitbo ; hoken-tokei-ga- 

Actuate, t.v. being: d by 

kindly feeling, shin-sefsu-gi (g, 
^m) de. 

to be d by (in a bad sense), 

ni is\trar€-ru. 

•what can have d him to 

do such a thing ? do iu shozon 
i^Jitf) de anna koto wo shUau'daro. 

AcHineu, n. tonchi (ig[§) ; hats^i- 
mei (J*iyj); somei (18^5); rein (^ 


legal , hontsii ($^) ni aka- 

rni koto ; horitsujb no saichi {ijf 

Acupuncture, n. kari-ryoji; shinji 

doctor, hari-i. 

to apply , hari-ryoji s; han 

uo s ; hari ico ittsu. 

Acute, a. (clever) tnimdoi ; kashikoi ; 
bins-ho (^ig) na; reii-i (f^j^) na ; 
riko (fiJP) 7ia; satoi; sobin (llSMCi 
na ; bintatsu (^^) na ; (of disease, 
opp. to chronic) kyt'isei no (^ft) ; 
geki.sei (fljft) no; (of eye-sight) me 
iio surudoi ; (of hearing) mimi-satoi ; 
(of pain) hidoi ; hageshii ; kitsui ; 
gekiretfiu (flj^ii) n«. 

an accent, ybonfu (^^^). 

an angle, eikaku (gi^). 

an angled triangle, ei- 

kaku-sankakkei (|SftHft)g). 

Acutely, adv. hidoku ; hageshihu ; 
kitsiiku ; gekiretsu ni ; (with discri- 
mination) binsho (^^) ni ; riko (fij 
U) ni; satokv; bintafsu ni. 

AcHteness, n. (discrimination) bin- 
sho (gcti) ; reii-i (f^f^) ; s^irudoi 
koto; kibin (^^) ; (of a disease) 
gekviho (^jg) ; (of pain) gek~iretsu. 
A.D., seireH mM) ; kigengo (l^TCSj)- 
Adagre, n. kakvgen {}^^) ; kotoica- 
za ; kogo CSfs) ; kingen (^ = ). 

Adamant, n. kongoseki (^gljH) • 
kenseki (^5) ; fesseki (HJig-). 

Adapt, t.v. (make suitable) tekito 

saseru ; so-o (tBl?.) sase-ru. 
that man s himself to cir- 
cumstances, ano Into ica rinki- 
bhen (t?|^?gii) 7ii s. 

to to circumstances, ma ni 


to be ed for, nijau ; ni/tekito 

de am. 

to be ed to circumstances, 

ma ju ail. 

to be ed to the purpose, 

yahu ?u tatsit. 

Adaptability, n. 


au koto ; kanau 

Adaptable, a. ni/au ; ni/kanaxi. 
to be , tekiyo sare-m. 

Adaptation, n. oyo (^.ffl) : (act of 
making suitable) tekiyo (ig/fl) sum 

Add, t.v. fuka (Pftjijil) fi ; kuirae-ru ; 
(attach) soe-ru. 

to in writing, kaki-kuica- 


to to, nijfuyasu ; nijtasu ; 


to ... together, awase-tit. 

to u-p,shime-ni; kanjo (^^T) 

s ; gbkei (-g-ff) .v. 

Addendum, furoku (I^H) ; tsidka 

Adder, n. mamushi. 

Addicted, to be to, 7iilfu- 

keru ; nijobore-rn. 

to be to "wine, sake vco 


to become to vices, a/.i'ji 

(S¥) ni sorn^nt, 

Addictedness, n, fnktte oru koto ; 
oborete om. koto. 

Addition, n. (act of) equiv. of Add 
foil, by koto ; (in arith.) kahb (Ju^) ; 
yosez'in ; kasan (ha%) \ (increase) 
zbka (i«/jn). 

, subtraction, multiplica- 
tion, and division, kagen-jojo 

in (aggravation), amowsae. 

in to, 710 hoka ni. 

in to this, kono ite ni ; kono 

hoka ni. 


[ 17 ] 


Additional, a. fyka (Pff/JH) »«>; 
(supplementary) tsuika (i^tJU) no. 
[also expr. by sara ni or nao Mith 
appropriate verb]. 

guarantee money, mashi- 


penalty, /uA-a-fcei (PfJJpjpJ). 

rule, fusoku 

Addled, a egrir> knsaltaiama- 

go ; (slightly) midareia tamago. 

A<Idress, t.v. (a letter) ate-ru; (an 
iissembly) nilenzetsu (j^^) s ; (speak 
to) nilii-kake-rv. ; nilhanashi-kake-ru, 

ed bill, ginko-shiharai-iegata. 

to (a letter) to, nojna-ate 

ni s. 

to (an envelope), no/uvca-gaki 

wo s ; nojna-ate ico kaku. 

Address, n. (discourse) enzefsu ; 
(manner of speaking) otai-buri ; 
(mental adroitness) bimcan (^®b) ; 
(of a letter) ate-na ; na-ate ; uwa- 
gaki ; (of a person) tokoro-gaki ; 
shiikusho (^^) ; (skill) takumi ; (tes- 
timonial) shotokuhyo (S^M^). 

book, jimmei-jfishobo (A^ft 

of congratulation, ahukuji 

of thanks, shajl (l^i%^). 
to the Throne, jdsdan (±. 

rude mode of , skiisw-ei {-^ 

ig) rvikojo (P±). 

the (reply to speech fr6m 

Throne), chokugo-hotban (jK/Im^^ 

Addressee, n. na-ate-nin ; jushin- 
nin (^Irt A). 

Adduoe, t.v. hiku ; age-ru ; inyo (5| 


Addlicible, a. agerarent ; hiku koto 
no delciru. 

Adductor, n. tenkin (fltJU). 
Adopt, n. jnkurensha (^i^%) ; (atsu- 
jin (ilA) ; kvrdto. 

to be an at, ni/juknitatsu 

(?^^) •'*''i'e oni. 
Adept, a. jukuren na ; tokul (f^S) 
im ; jodzu na. 

Adequate, a.jubmi {^^)na; ieki- 
tb (i@^) no ; sob (ffifi.) no ; (satis- 
factory) manzoku (SS>6L) na. 

Adequacy, n. equiv. of Adequate 
foil, by koto. 

Adequately, adv. jubun ni ; tekito 

Adiiei'e, t.v. kuttsuku ; hebari-t.m- 
ku ; nebari-tsuku ; nenchaku ()B^) .v. 

to to, (an opinion) ni/kudd 

(t&?^) « ; ni/nadzumu ; nijkori-ka- 
tamaru ; koshu (|g^) s ; kataku 
torn ; (a proposal) koshu (@^) s ; 
(a treaty) ni/kamei (M^) s ; ni/ka- 
nyu (MA) -I- 

Adherence, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Adhere foil, by koto ; (to a treaty) 
ka-nyfi ; kamei. 

to give in one's to, in/ka- 

nyu s. 

Adherent, n. mikaia ; tbyo (IJffl) ; 
fujusha (M^^) (of a particular 
faith) shinja (fs^). 

immediate (political), jiki- 

sansha (iil##). 

Adhesion, n. (to a convention) ka- 
nyu ; kamei. 

Adhesive, a. nebaru ; nenchaku (j|ft 
^) sum ; kochaku (@^) suru. 

stamp, gomu no isuita kitte. 

very , nebari-tsuyoi. 

Adhesively, adv. nebatte. 
Adhesiveness, n. nebarike ; nen- 

chakushiisu ()|iS=lfK) ; nebari. 
Adieu, n. itomagoi. 

to bid , itomagoi wo s; wa- 

kare wo tsuge-ru. 

Adipose, a. shibb (fl&JQ) no ; aburak- 

Adjacency, n. moyori no koto ; chi- 
kaku natte oru koto ; (of a house) 
tonaru koto. 

Adjacent, a. moyori no ; Icinjo (J2£ 
^) no ; chikai ; fukin (P|f2£) no ; (of 
a house) tonari no. 

country, rimpb (^f^) ; rin- 

goku (fm)- 

house, rinka (^H^). 

prefecture, khiken (>{£!f^). 


[ 18 ] 


province, r'mgdku (Pp). 

to be to, nijsekk'm (f^ffl) s. 

Adjectival, a. keiyoshijd (^WPiS^) 


A<ljective, n. keiyoshi (If^^M)- 
A<ljectively, adv. keiyoshi to shite. 
^Vdjoiu, t.v. (be contiguous to) nif 

-iV<l.joiu, i.v. sessurn ; ionnru ; fu- 

kin s. 

A<ljoiiiing-, a. sekkin (i^'^) shite 
oru ; fukia no ; (next door, of a 
Iionse) tonari no. 

house, ji/JiTf (P^). 

prefecture, rinken (P-^). 

province, rlngokxi (Pg). 

Acljoiirii, t.v. nobasu ; nobashite 
oku ; no/hinobe ico s ; mi-aicase-ini ; 

enki mm) •^• 

to indefinitely, mukigcn 

(MWiK) rd enki s. 

to be ed for want of a 

quorum, ryfikicm {x^^)to nam. 
IMi-aimseiu by itself means to 
give up, and only when the dnte is 
fixed can it mean to adjourn ; 
as, shall we this till to- 
morrow, kore 2i:a myonichi {S^U) 
made vii-awasemashoka. Kore ica 
mi-aicasemasho ka means, " shall 
we give this np."] 

Acljouni, i.v. (disperse) sankicai (^ 
•§•) s; (of a meeting) enkicai (ji-^) s. 

Adjoiirniiient, n. (dispersal of a 
meeting) sankicai; (of a meeting) 
enkwai ; (to a later date) enki ; hi- 

Adjudicate, t.v. sabaku; saiban 
(ii^J) s ; saiketsu (gj^) s ; hanketsu 
(flj^) s; saidan (^^) s; shimlan 
iWWi) s. 
Atljudication, n. saUjan; sabaki; 
saiketsu; kettei (^S) ; lianketsii; 
shindan ; shinkoku (fg^) ; (act of) 
eqniv. of Adjudicate foil, by koto. 

of bankruptcy, hasan-sen- 

koku (S^^g-g-) [Com. Co., Civ, 

Adjunct, n. fuzoku-butsu (Fft^4^) ; 
tstikimono ; soe-mono ; (grammar) 20- 

knshi mm)- 

Acljure, t.v. Isshln-furan (— it»^8L) 
ni negau ; nesshin (^iM ni tanomu ; 
(command) nijgemmei (g^) s. 

Adjust, t.v. (an affair) matome-im ; 
choira (l^ifll) sase-ru ; no/kata ico 
tsnke-ru ; (fit to) aicase-i-u ; (put in 
order) naosu ; no/guai tco naosu ; 
seiton (^|g) s ; seiri (^3^) s. 

to one's dress, enion tco 


to be ed, (differences) shori 

(JS31) s ; (fit) au ; (of an affair) 
matomaru; ica^kata ga tsulcu. 

Adjustable, a. to be , inatome- 

rare-ru ; icalchoica ga deki-ru ; ica] 
kata ga tsidcerare-ru ; ica']guai ga 
naosare-nt ; icalseiton ga deki-ru ; 
aicaserare-ru ; tcajseiYt ga dekiru. 

Adjustment, n. .<<husei (^^) ; sei- 
ri ; seiton ; (act of) eqniv. of Adjust 
foil, by koto ; (of accoiuits) keisan 
(tl*^) ; (of a difference between in- 
dividuals) naka-naori ; (of a differ- 
ence between states) .nhori ; (of an 
afftur) choica. 

of finances, zaisei-seiri (^j^ 


convention for the peaceful 

of differences, funso-hei- 

icateki-shori-jdyakn (i^^-^M'i& 


Adjutant, n.fukuktcan (gl]*]^). 

g'eneral, sambo-sbkan (^M 


battalion , daitai-fukukican 

(:^<immt)- _ ^ 

garrison , yosai-fukukican 


regimental , reniai-juku- 

kican mmur^)- 
Administer, t.v. tori-atsukau ; dko' 
nau ; kicanri Ce^^) s : (govern) shi- 
hai (iSE) .s- ; tokatsu (jj^^) s ; (laws) 
shikko (^ff) « ; (medicine) nojna- 

to a deceased estate, isan 

(jia^) ICO kicanri s. 

to a dose, nij/idcuyaku (g|i 

^) sase-ru. 

to an oath to, nijseigen (g 

■g) ICO tate-sase-ru ; ni/sensei (^ 

§) WO sase-ru. 


[ w ] 


Administration, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Administer foil, by koto ; (go- 
Yemment) gyosei (ffjft) ; (mode of 
government) shisel (Iffij^) ; (of an 
estate) kicanri ('^Jl) [Civ. Pro.] ; 
kwanzai (^ftt) ; (oi laws) .shikko 

letters of , kicanri-shosho 


Artniiiiistrative, a. ku-unri sum ; 
sliihal sum. ; (of government) gyosei 

Court, gyosei-saibansho (fj 

Artniiiiistrator, n. (of a bankrupt 
estate) hasnn-ktcanzainin {^M^Wi 
A) ; (of a deceased estate) sentei- 
kimnzainm (il3r''g'fti"A)- 

Artniinistratorsliip, n. (of an 
estate) kwanrlsha ('^ff #) no shoku ; 
kicanzainin no yaku (^). 

Admirable, a. kansUn (,'^iC>) na; 
kmnpuku (^M) na ; (excellent) kekko 
i^^) na ; (of conduct) shimbyo (ii$ 
^^) na. 

very (of design, execution, 

etc.), zetsumyo (Igjfi;) na. 

Admirably, adv. kanshin ni ; mi- 
goio ni ; (of conduct) shimbyo jji ; (of 
work) kekko ni. 
most , zetsumyo ni. 

Admiral, n. kaigun-taisho (J^^A: 
3^) [alone, or before name] ; taisho 
(A'Jl'^) [alone, or after name]. 

rear , kaig^in-shosko (^^ijl^ 


vice , kairpin-chfijo (j&Miti 


the (Commander-in-Chief on 

a station), NldrrA-chokican (fi\^^ 

Admiralty, n. kair/un.shd (j#i|i§). 
council, shokwan-kwaigi ( jf 

Court of , kaigun-saibansho 

(fl''|'-ii£^llArr) ; kaiin-s'hiinban.^ho (f^ 


Admiration, n. kainpuku {^M) l 
kanshin (.'g.C^) ; .<:hotan (Wi^) ; -s/to- 
san (^Jtt). 

Admire, t.v. (esteem) tattobu ; kei- 
fuku (gJtQE.) s ; chincho (^ffi) s ; 
(praise) shobi (^H) s ; home-ru ; 
(wonder at) ni/kanshin (,^.t>) s ; nij- 
kampuku (,^^S.) s ; nijodoroku. 

Admirer, n. home-ie. 

Admiringly, adv. gerund of eqtiiv. 
of Admire is used ; as, kanshin shite. 

Admi.ssible, a. (of a plea) yurusu- 
beki [Civ. Pro.]. 

to be (of an argument), toru ; 

(of an expression) tsilji-iii ; toru ; 
(of evidence) saiyo (^/H) sare-ru, 
or ni nam ; irete mo ii. 

Admissibility, n. equiv. of Ad- 
missible foil, by koto. 

Admission, n. equiv. of Admit 

foil, by koto ; (fact admitted) mito- 

meta koto ; (to membership in a 

society) nyukicai (\,-%). 

no except on business, 

muyo (teffl) no mono iru hekaradzu. 

price of , nyiijoryb ( A. ij^- ^ ). 

ticket of , nyfijoken ( A Ui #) • 

Admit, t.v. (receive as true) shodaku 

(^^) s ; shochi (;^fei) .s ; shoin (Ifx. 

31) s; mitome-ru ; iiiniei (|g,>(lr) s; 

nindaku (gSIW) ^ I (suffer to enter) 

ire-ru ; tosu ; hairase-m. 

ing that it were so, tatoe 

so ni mo shiro. 

it s of no doubt, idagniwo 


it s of no excuse, do shite 

mo ii-icake ga tatanai ; do shite mo 
icabi-yo ga nai ; do shite mo ii-ioake 
710 itashi-yo ga arimasenu. 

these words do not of 

such a construction, korera no 
kotoba ica kono imi ni wa mochii- 

this ticket s me into the 

theatre, kono kippu de .shibai e 

to a fault, t.<iumi ni fuku 

(OR) •?. 

to light, akari wo tosu. 

while ing that, to ten sho- 
chi shi-nagara ; to voa ii-nagara ; 
to wa moshi-nagara. 

Admittance, n. v. Admission. 


[ 20 ] 


Artniittedlj-, adv. expr. by peri- 
phrasis ; as, ippan ni mitomerai'eru ; 
dare ni mo mUomerareru. 

Artiuixture, n. (act of) kongo (ift 
-g-) sum koto ; mazeru koto ; (sub- 
stance) kongobutsu (!^'0>41j) ; mazan- 

Admonish, t.v. (reprove) niliken 
(i&Jl) 'CO s, or kiticae-ru; ni/setsityu 
(a?^) A' ; isameni ", imashime-ru ; 
satosu ; (warn) ni/keikai (^jfi) s ; 
nijkyokai (^^) s. 

Adiuonisher, n. sets^iyxtsha (H^Wt 
^) ; clntkokusha (,■£.-&#). 

Admonition, n. (act of) setsuyu ; 
satoshi ; eqiiiv. of Admonish, foil, 
by koto ; (reproof) iken (MR) I se- 
tsuyu (tS^) ; kangen (^a") ; (warn- 
ing) keiicai (^jS.) ; chOkoku (,■£,■§•) ; 
k-unkai (|Ill?fi). 

Ado, n. sau:agi ; sodo (BtlJ). 

to make much about 

nothing, nan de mo nai koto ni 
o-saicaqi ico yam. 

Adolescence, n. shdnen (^^) ; 
m'tseinen (?^J§Jt^). 

Adonis davurica, fukujusd. 

Adopt, t.v. (a resolution, by vote) 
kaketsu (BJ^) s ; (as a daughter) yo- 
jo (^ic) "i «. or morau; (as a son) 
ydsld (f^J-) ni s, or mwau ; (as a 
sT^gestion) saiyo (J^/fl) s; mocM- 
Uru ; toii-mochii-ru. 

ed child, morai-ko. 

ed daughter, yojo (jSkic)- 

Adoption, n. yoshi ni sum koto ; 
(leg.) engumi ; yoshi-engujni [Civ. Co.]; 
(ot an opinion) saiyo (^;H) ; (of a 
resolution) kaketsu (nj^). 

Adoptive, a family, ydka 

(^m [Oiv. Co.]. 

father, yo/x (^^). 

mother, yolx, (^Q). 

parent, ydshin (^|i). 

Adorable, a. (desening love) Da- 
rwin; kaicairashii. 

Adoration, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Adore foil, by koto; (worship) son- 
kei mWc) ; keihai (^f^). 

Adore, t.v. (love intensely) choai 
(SIS) « ; (worship) ogamu ; sonkel 
(MWi) ■'^ '• f^^^ (^) s ; agame-ni. 

the people their prince, 

jimmin (AS) 9"' kind too keibo 

Adoring, a. equiv. of Adore used 
as an adj. 

Adoringly, adv. ogande ; haisldte ; 
keibo shite ; choai shite. 

Adorn, t.v. kazaru ; yosoou ; jun- 
shoku (iHI<S) «• 

to one's self, keicai s. 

to with, nij ico kazan- 


Adornment, n. kazari ; (act of) 
kazori-tsuke ; .soshoku (#||^) ; equiv. 
of Adorn foil, by koto. 

Adriatic, n. the , Adoria-kai. 

Adrift, adv. to be , nagare-m ; 

hyoryii (iUgg) s ; hydhaku (gC?fi) « ; 


to get , nagare dasu. 

Adroit, a. (dexterous) tegosha (^^5 
^) na ; takumi 7ia ; temame na ; (in 
a bad sense) koiiko ('J»flJP) na; 
icaiugashikoi ; subashilcoi ; kosui ; 
(mentally) fcrts/^JA-ot ; riko (f\]U) fla ; 
kiljin (If^^) na ; reiri (^^) na ; kiri- 
muimshi no jodzu ( Ji^) na ; binsho 
mm) na- 

Adroitly, adv. riko ni ; kashikoku ; 
binsJio ni ; kibin ni ; rein ni ; (of 
manual dexterity) takumi jii. 

Adroitness, n. equiv. of Adroit 
foil, by koto. 

Adulation, n. hetsurai ; neiben (^ 
T^) ; tsuisho-keihaku (ii^i«J^); obek- 
ka [vulg.]. 

to employ , tsuisho-keihaku 

tea iu. 

Adulatory, a. tsuisho no ; hetsurai 
no ; obekka no. 

Adult, n. seijin (J§? A) ; sonen (ft^) ; 
taijin {:^A); otona. 

Adult, a. seicho (J^^) shita ; seijin 
no ; sonen 7io. 

Adulterate, t.v. maze-mono s ; shi- ' ■ 
nagara tco wamkii s ; ashiku s. 


[ 21 ] 


Adulteratert, a.fusei (/pjE) no. 

article, fuseihin (^iEpJ»)- 

AdiiltoratioM, n. eqniv. of Adul- 
terate foil, by koto. 

Adulterer, n. ma otoko ; 'kampu (j^ 

^) ; mippu (Sg5*c) ; misokao. 
Adulteress, n. kampu (^^). 

Adulterous, a. kantsu (i^ffi) noi 
shitsu (i^H ) no ; mittsu (^-^ ) no. 

Adultery, n. kantsu (giS) [Civ. 

Co., Cr. Pro.] ; mittsu (^iS) ; yufu- 


to commit (of a woman 

only), ma-otoko s ; ma-otoko, or 
mippu, wo koshirae-ru. 

Ad valorem, juka no. 

duty, jukazei (^®|ft). 

Advance, n. (in prices) ne-<tge ; toki 
(^^); (mil.) zenshin mm) I sho- 
inen-kbsldn (Enfffrii) ; shingun (jg 
^) ; (money lent) ybdate-kin ; (on a 
contract) tetsuke-kin ; te-kin ; mae- 
kin ; (on i>roduce) .^hi-ire-kin ; (of 
money on another's account) tate- 
kae [Com. Co.] ; (overture) inoshi- 
dashi ; (prc^ess) shimpo ('M^) I '^^- 
tatsu (f^^) : (promotion) shoto (^ 
^); shokynm-m). 

freight, motobarai-unchin (/fc 


in , sakini; arakajime. 

payment in , mae-barai. 

to borrow money in , mae- 

gnri ico s. 

to draw money in , zen- 

shaku (ii^fij) s; uchigan s ; nai- 

shnku (f^fif) s. 

to lend money in , m^ie- 

gashi wo s. 

to make s to (a woman), 


to pay in , maebarai s; zen- 

kin (Slf^) de hnrau. 
Advance, t.v. (as, servant's wages) 
maegashi s ; (pay out on another's 
accoxint) tate-kaeru ; (the time for 
any act) kuri-nge-ru. 

to an argument, ron (|ft) 

tro ii d'(su. 

to an opinion, mikirmi vx) 

nobe-ru ; iken (tI;^) too kuichin 


to money (on contract), 

tetsuke-kin wo yarn, or utsu. 

to the price, ne ico ageru ; 

ne-age too s. 

to be d (of the night), /y- 

ke-ru ; fakeru. 

Advance, i.v. susumu ; (come for- 
ward) susunde ku-ru; (fig.) ho (ip) 
wo susume-ru ; (improve) .fhbnpo s ; 
hattatsu s ; (in learning) shbtaisu {±, 
^) s ; (in social position) .shvsse 
(tHii!:) s ; risshin (jl^) s ; (of i^rice) 
agaru ; toki (^^) s ; nobwu. 

I (mil.) nute e ! 

to a step, ippo (— *^) wo 


to by rushes (mil.), yaku- 

shin i^-M) s. 

to headlong (mil,), tos.ihin 

(mm) s. 

to in age, toshi ico torn. 

to in echelon (mil.), teishin 

mm) ^. 

to obliquely (mil.), shako 

mm s. 

to straight to the front 

(mil.), chokushin (^m) s. 

to to the attack (mil.), 

ko.^hin (J^m) ■^^ 

Advance-guar<l, zen-el (ntf ^) ; 
saki-te ; sempo (:Jfe^) ; (of a iiroces- 
sion) sakidimio. 

Advancement, n. (act of) eqniv. 
of Advance foil, by koto ; (progress) 
shimpo imt^) ; hattatsu (f^^) ; (pro- 
motion) shokyfi (fl-85) ; '^hoto ( H-?f ) ; 
(social) 7-isshin (ii^) ; shusxe (Jli 

Advanced-iK>st, n. zensAin^&o ( 3if 


Advantagre, n, (benefit) eki ; neki 
(fiJS); toku (Ml); (profit) ri; j-iefci; 
moke ; (of groimd) chiri (t^^) ; (vic- 
tory) sJiori. 

there is no whatever, nan 

no kai mo nai ; nan no eld ni mo 

to examine into the s or 

disadvantages of — , — no 
rigai-tolmshitsu (l^\^^^^■{k:) »w ken- 
J'yri (C/f^) s. 

to take of, (a favourable 

moment) nojki (jg|) ni jojl'ru ; 


[ 22 ] 


(turn to account) wolriyo (ifljffl) s ; 
(the weakness of another) nijtsuke- 
Icomxi ; icojsaiicai (^) io s. 

Advantag-eoiis, a. yueki (:^M) no ; 
eki no ant ; bengi (ffiS) na ; eki (S) 
ni 7iai~u ; toku (^) ?w<. 

Advaiitag'eously, adv. bengi ni ; 
tsugo (fS?>'^) yoku. 

Advantageoiisness, n. rieki ; 

Advent, n. (of a king) ringyo (Eg 
^) ; (of Christ) korin (Pf Eg) ; (the 
festival) korinsetsu (P$i?SSV)- 

first Sunday in , korinsetsu 

daiichi shiijitsu (iB ). 

Adventitious, a. guzen (fJ|*S) no ; 

igwai (M.!^) no ; omoi mo yoranii. 
Adventure, n. (bold undertaking) 

hbken dPt); (danger) kiken (1aM,)- 
to have an , kiken ni an. 

Adventurer, n. bdkensha (3P^^&) ; 
(imiiostor) yamashi ; (poUtical, etc.) 
sakushi (^±). 

Adventuresome, a. toppi (^M) 
no ; (fnll of risk) kiken-darake no. 

Adventurous, a. (daring) daitan 
(A 8®) na ; yfikan (tl'^) nu ; kimo 
nofutoi; (fond of adventure) &o/i-en- 
zuki na. 

Adventurously, adv. daiian ni ; 
kimo-futoku ; ken too okashite ; yfi- 
kan (^^) ni. 

Adventurousness, n. eqiuv. of 
Adventurous foil, by koio. 

Adverb, n.fukushi (BIM)- 
Adverbially, adv.fukushi ni;fuku- 
shi io shite. 

Adversary, n. (foe) teki (jgi) ; (op- 
ponent) aite ; aife-kata ; tekishn (^ 

Adverse, a. (contrary) gyaku (j^) 
na ; (hostile) tekitai {^^) no ; saka- 
ratte oru ; (of circumstances) fu-shi- 
aicase na ; (opposing) hantai (Kff) 

wind, mukai-kaze : qmkv fu 


Adversely, adv. tekitai shite ; saka- 
ratte ; hantai shite. 

Adverseness, n. equiv. of Ad- 
verse foil, by koto. 

Adversity, n. wazawai ; saigai {i}^ 
If); sainan {i)i%f) ; yakunan {l^^i^) ; 
kannan mB)- 

Advert, t.v. to to, wojhiku; 

ICO sasu. 

Advertise, t.v. (by an advertise- 
ment) kwbkokn (1^^) s ; hirome-ni ; 
(notify) tsiichi (iffl^) s ; (on notice 
board) ketji (fg>r<) s ; (publish 
widely) fure-ru ; hbho ( ti -* ) e fure- 
ru ; hirome-ru ; hlrb (J&IS) s. 

Advertisement, n. kwbkoku (^ 
^) ; (act of) eqniv. of Advertise foil, 
by koto; (official) kbkoku (^^); 
(poster) keiji (tS^j;) ; hari-fitda; hari- 
gami ; (tradesman's) hiki-fuda ; kwb- 

Advertiser, n. kicbkokuslM (g^g- 

Advertising-agent, n. kwbkoku- 

Advertising-cliarge, n. kiw- 
koku-ryb (f^l^^)- 

Advice, n. (admonition) iken (-M^) ; 
kybkun (|i:UIl); (counsel) kokoro- 
dzuke ; chukoku (,',?.-^i-) ; kybkun ; 
kwangcn (gjl") ; jogon (Wjf^) ; (in- 
formation) tsi'ichi (iffi.^) ; hbkokn (^ 
■o") ; annai. 

letter of , annnijo (^pi]\k) ; 


Advisable, a. to be , expr. by 

the inf. of the verb. foil, by ho 

ga ii ; as, it will be for you 

to go to Tokyo to-morrow, 

myb-nlchl (5^ ) Tokyo e irassharu 
Iw ga ii. 

Advisability, n. bengi (MS) ; ieM- 

, I doubt the of your go- 
ing', ide nasaru no tea toku de tea 
arumai to omou. 

Advise, t.v. (admonish) isame-ru ; 
nljiken (M^) « ; (coimsel) ni/kokoro- 
dzuke-ru ; jogon s ; nij chukoku s ; nij 
kybkun s ; (inform) ni/tsilchi s ; ni/ 
hokoku s. 


[ 23 ] 


to to (do a certain thing), is 

expr. by the requisite verb foil, by 
yo (^) ni chiikoku s, less often by 
yo ni siisume'i'u. 

Advise, i.v. to with, to I sodan 

mm) s. 

-Advisedlj", adv. (after deliberation) 
kanko (g(]#) no ue ; waza to ; koi 
(i^S) ^i ; tcaza-waza. 

Adviser, n. sddan-aite ; jogonsha (S}} 
W^) ; kicangensha (SiW^) ! <^^^" 
kokusha (,S<rf^) > (attached to a 
dept.) komonkwan (|S!nTB") ; sanji- 
kwan (#^f ). 

leg^al , horitsu-komon (}J^)|^ 

Advocacy, n. (support) satan (:fe 
^) ; kata too rnoisu koto ; (vindica- 
tion) moshiwake ; henkai (^fi?) ; 
hogo mm)- 

Advocate, n. (leg) daigennin (f^g 
A); hengonin (^^A) ; bengoshi. 
(^i|±) [Civ. Pro.] ; (partisan) kata 
wo motsu hito ; mikata. 
judge (mil.), riji (5i> ). 

Advocate, t.v. (an opinion) ii-haru ; 
shucho {i£M.) s ; tonae-ru ; shodo (ng 


Adze, n. (bow-handled) diona ; (with 
short straight handle) te-ono. 

Aegiiietia iiidica, namhan-kiseru. 

Aerate, t.v. nijkuki (^^) loo ire-ru 

Aerated water, teppo-midzu. 

Aeration, n. kCtki too ireru koto- 

Aerial, a. kfiki (^M.) no ; taiki (:f^ 
^) no ; (lofty) sora ni sobiefa. 

Aerolite, n. inseki (giJj). 

Aerometer, n. kenkiki (^m.^)- 

Aeronaut, n. fusen-nori {UM^)- 

Aerostat, n. kikxju [BM) ', fusen (JH, 


Aerostatical, a. heikijutsu no. 

Aerostatics, n. heikijutsu (f^^%]). 

Aesthetic, a. iki na ; fury a (SLwK) 
na ; (in a depreciatory sense) johin- 
biiru ; furyn-garu ; ftlryfi-burn. 

Aesthetics, n. shimbigaku (^^$) ; 
blmyogaku (||^'$). 

Afai', adv. toku ni ; haruka ni. 

from , toku yoi'i ; empo (^>&) 

yori ; harubaru to. 

Affahility, n. ingin (,^f|j) ; teinel (T 
^) na koto. 
witli , ingin ni ; teinei ni. 

Afiahle, a. (courteous) teinei na ; in- 
gin na ; onko (jSI?) na ; nengoro na ; 
(easy of access) kigaru na ; shiia- 
shimi-yasui ; choku 7ia : chikadzuki- 

AfFahlj', adv. nengoro ni ; ingin ni ; 
teinei ni. 

Affair, n. koto ; jiken ($#) ; koto- 
gara ; ichijo ( — ^). 

s (of a company, etc.), gxibinu 


naval s, kaiji (^^). 

state of 8, keisei (^^); 

yosu ; arisama. 

state of s in a country, 

kokiijo mfn)- 
Affect, t.v. (adversely) ni/saicaru ; 
bogai (jijj'^) s ; (assume the airs of) 
icojkidoru ; (have effect on) nij 
hibiku; ni/eikyo (^^) 5; ni/sa.shi- 
hibiku; nijkicankei {^%) s; (make 
a pretence of) no[furi wo s ; nil 

to friendly relations, kon- 

shin (;S^) '^0 majiwari wo bogai s. 

to be ed, eikyo too uke-ru ; (as 

apart by disease) ni'\ijd (^J^c) ga 


to be ed by (moved by), ni/ 

kanji-ru ; ni/kando (."^iJ) s. 

to be ed by the heat, shoki 

{^W<) ni aterare-ru, or ataru. 

Affectation, n.furi, or buri, follow- 
ing the word expressing the thing 
affected ; (of manner) nama-iki na 
koto; jifu (^K)- 

Affected, a. unuboreta ; nnma-Uci 

Aft'eetedly, adv. tmuborete ; nama- 
iki ni. 

, kvdotie hanashi oio 

to talk 


[ 24 ] 


Affectiiisr, a. kanashii; kando {^ 
fj}) subeki; aicareppoL 
to be , ka)ido saseru. 

Affection, n. (act of loving) itsiiku- 
sh'nni ; (between the sexes) remho (^ 
S); renjo {M\n)\ (feeling of love) 
«yo (*tt) ; joai (t^S?) ; jUn (^^) ; 
(of parents) choai (f|S) ; (sickness) 
yamai ; sawari ; icarui tokoro. 

one sided , kaia-ctmoi. 

to be devoid of , waljoai Qa 


to feel for, icojkaicaiijaru; 

wo/ai s. 

Affectionate, a. nasake-bukai ; jo- 
ai no fukai ; aijo nofukai. 

an*. father, jit/« (^.5C)- 

an mother, 3i5o (^.S)- 

Affectionately, a. aijo-fuknk'u ; 

Affiance, t.v. il-jiadzuke .t ; ica/kon- 
in (ftSiH) 110 yakusoku (i^M) '^o s. 

Affianced, a bride, or hus- 
band, ii-nadzukc. 

Affidavit, n. (spoken) seigen CSW) I 
seishi (^13) ; (written) senseislu) (^ 

St) ; seishi (mm 

to make an , seigen wo fate- 

ru ; seiisei s. 

Affiliate, t.v. tolgappn ('g>^) s. 

Affiliation, n. gappei. 

Affinity, n. (connection) kimiikei (^ 
^) ; (connection between persons) 
inn€7i (0^) ; en (^) ; (in chemistry) 
shinicaryoku (W^lfi) ', (marriage re- 
lationship) en (IJJ) ; (of langtiages) 
1-uiji (MW ; (of soimds, colour, etc.) 

Affirm, t.v. (aver) kakxtgen (SiW) « ; 
shika to iu ; tashika ni iu ; (estab- 
lish) tashUca ni s ; (make a solemn 
declaration) chikau ; seigen (gW) *• 

Affirmation, n. (assertion) kaku- 
gen ; dangen (gHW) ; (confirmation) 
kakii.setsu ; (solemn declaration) sei- 

Affirmative, a. (confirming) kaku- 
jUsii (itK) no ; kakutei (j(|S) no. 

Affirmative, n. an answer in the 

or negative, dakuhi (|^|5) 

no henji. 

a reply in the , shoilaku (^ 

m) no henji (jg?)- 

in the (consenting), djite. 

Affix, t.v. tsuke ni ; .ine.-nt ; (a stamj)) 
haru ; chnfu (UAf-h « ; choyo (flfi/H) s; 
(in gram.) <joln (fS^) ni tstike-rti. 

to a seal, in (^) ico osu; 

choin (I^Cil ) s. 

Affix, n. (gram.) setsuhigo (Sgl5) ; 

gof^i (ISM)- 
Afflict, t.y. kurushime-ru ; nayamasu ; 

how ed you must be, srzo 

go shushd (gjfg) de gozaimasho. 

to be ed, kna-uskimn ; naya- 

)nii ; kanashimu. 

Afflicting:, a. k^n-vshii ; kanashii ; 

Affliction, n. (tlistress) nangi (|^J6) ; 
hi'ii (^ii) ■. ka)wshimi ; (pain) kntsa 
(■^-^); kurushimi. 

Affluence, n. (riches) (%^) ; 
impa (U^) ; Iwfu (igg). 

in , yutaka ni; hofu ni; im- 

pu ni. 

to live in , yutaka ni kurasu. 

Affluent, a. yutaka na; nanifujiyu 

{^^ tfj) no nni ; fukki na ; hofn nn.. 
Affluent, n. edagaica ; shiryi'i (feiJfe). 
Afford, t.v. (produce) san (^) s; 
.^hnjiru ; (stand A\-ithout serious de- 
triment) nojchikara ga arv. ; (yield) 

I cannot a carriagre, hasha 

wo oku yoyu (^fS ) 5"^ ^^^^^ ! basha 
wo motsu chikara ga nai. 

Afforestation, n. zorin-jigyo (jg^ 

Affray, n. keiikwfi (BfpSf) ; sodo (H 
fj) ; sojo (HlflE) ; soto (^^) ; tataki-ai. 

Affreig-litment, n. (sempaku) 
tjatoi-ire-keiyaku (|g|ft®A5^*^)- 

Affront, t.v. (insult) hadzHkashhnt- 
ru ; nijbujoku (^^) s ; hijhaji ico j 
kakaseru ; nijburei (tejS) ico s ; 
(make angry) okorasu ; ikarasu ; 
nojki ni satcaru. 



Affront, n. bvjoku ; burei. 
Afloat, adv. kaijo (^^±.) ni. 

a rumour is that, no/hyo- 

hrin (^^J) go, am. 

to be , ukande oru. 

Atbot, adv. aruite ; kachi de. 

Aforesaid, a. mae ni itta ; mae ni 
nobeta ; migi no ; kndan no ; zenjo (flff 
^) no ; zenlcen (15®) no ; zenki (hu 

Aforetlioiigrht, a. koi (ttE) no. 

malice , icarugi. 

Afraid, a. I am , koxzai ; okka- 

nai [lit. it is fearful.]. 

I am he won't come, 1cw-e- 

ha ii fja. 

I am I shall not be able to 

come, tabun mairaremai to <yinoi~ 


I was you might not like 

it, moshiya o ki (^) ni iranu koto 

wa ariya shimai ka to omotta. 

to be , (of, rco) kowagaru ; 

osore-ru ; kyqfu (^fili) s ; ni/biku- 

biku s ; (anxious) wo/anji-ru ; leo/ 

shimpai s. 

to be to cross, wataru no wo 


Afresli, adv. (again) kasanete ; futa- 
tabi ; mata ; (anew) sara ni ; arata 
ni ; aratamete. 

Aft, adv. (at the stem) tomo ni ; sembi 
(Jl5M) "^ ; tomo no ?id ni ; sengo 
(i!5^) '"! (towards the stern) tomo 
no ho e ; sengo no ho e. 

After, prep, and conj. (behind in 
place) ato kara ; ni tsuide ; [the latter 
denotes either " on another's heels " 
or " next in order."]. 

I will come you (in posi- 
tion), ato kara mairimasho; 
[generally expr. in Japanese by " o 
saki e o ide nasai," lit. " please 
go in front."] . 
(coordinate in time and denoting 
an action taken up at the point 
where a previous action was left 
off) kara ; no ue de ; ue de; [the 
last preceded by the verb in the 
liast tense.]. 

consideration, kangae no 

tie de. 

[ 25 ] AFT 

you have quite recovered, 

go zenkwai (^'|^) ni natte kara, or 

natta ue de. 

I shall clean up you 

have gone cut, o dekake ni natte 

kara soji (^^.) wo itashimasu. 
(in imitation of) tori ni. 

a model, mihon (%,'^)dori 

(in search of) the particle " wo " 
with suitable verb. 

whom are you enquiring ? 

donata wo tadzunete irassharu ka. 
(subsequent in time) nochi ; ato de ; 
— go (^) [with words of Chinese 

entering port, nyukogo 


I went out, watakushi ga 

deta nochi ni, or ato de. 

marriage, kekkongo (g® 


sight, ichirango (— ^{^). 

that, sono ato de ; sono 

nochi ; sono go. 

this (in future), kono nochi ; 

kore kara saki ; kono go ; kogo 


he came you went out, 

dekake ni natta ato e kimashita. 

it cannot be done until 

to-morrow^, ashita yori saki de 
nakereba dekimasenit. 

1 will come you, (imme- 
diate and dependent in time) o ato 
kara mairimaslho ; (independent 
and subsequent in time) o ato de 

(successively) tsudzuite ; ni tsuide. 

day day, hi ni tsuide ; hibi. 

month month, tsukinlzuki. 

one another, zokuzoku ; tsu- 

year year, nen-nen ; nen 

wo oite. 

all, (when the resiilt has 

been anticipated) tsumari ', hata- 
shite; hikkyo (S^%); totei (fi]t£) ; 
shosen (^^) [the two last always 
with a negative] ; (when the re- 
sult is contrary to expectation) 
ani hakaran ya ; angwai ('^^) 
ni ; zongwai {fff^i^) ni ; .sekkaku 
(^ft) [tbe last is placed at the 
beginning of the phrase]. 


[ 26 ] 


I went all, totb itta; isiii 

ni mairimashita. 

a short while (future), su- 

k'oshi bakari tatsii to. 

a while, ikura ka ai/la ga 

aite kara ; ikurd ka ma ga iatte 

date hill, hidzukego-barai 

710 iegata. 

sigfht bill, ickirango-harai 

no iegata. 

I shall discontinue the paper 

the 30th, sanju nichi kagiri, 

or igo (Ji^fi), shimbun wo yoshi- 

the day , sono akwu hi ; 

sono yokujitsu (SH )• 

to ask (a person), no/ koto too 


to run , woloirkake-ru ; icof 


to take , nilni-ru. 

to throw good money 

bad (prov.), dorobo ni oisen. 

After, a. (in place) ushiro no ho no ; 
(in time) ato no ; ^lochi no ; (naut.) 
tomo no ho 7io ; sevibi (Ifi^) no ho 

After-birth, n. tiochi-zan ; (pla- 
centa) ena. 

After-effects, n. (of a disease) 
byogo (1f}]^) no tsukare, or hiro (1^ 
^) ; (of an event) yoJia (^jft). [Yo- 
%o i^M) <lenotes a fresh disease 
following and the result of a prior 
com j)laint] . 

After-JflOW, n. yuyake. 

After-growth, n. niban-bae, 

Ai"tei"-life, n. mirai (y^^) ; raise 
(?Rt!t) ; nochi 710 yo. 

Afternoon, n. hini-.fugi ; hiru-go ; 
gogo {^Vi); umago. 
I will call in the course of the 

, hiru kara agarimasho. 

Afterpains, n. sango (B.^) no ita- 
mi ; atohara no itami. 

Aftertaste, n. atokuchi. 

Afterthought, n. ato-jian; tsuiso 

Afterwards, adv, nochi ni ; ato de ; 
noc.hihodo ; sono go ; igo (JlJl^) ; (of 
past time) sono nochi. 

I will reply , otte go ai- 

satsu (J^^') itashimaslio. 

we will talk of that , sore 

tea ato no hanashi ni ilashimasho. 

Again, adv. (another time) mata; 
(a second time) futatdbi ; saido (H^ 


and , tabi-iabi; kun- 

kaeshite ; saisan (15-S) ; hampuku 
(SS) ^f^ite. 

as much , mo sore dake. 

as as, bai(^); as, he 

is as old as you, ano hito 

tea anata yori bai toshi too totte 

half as , mo hambun 

(^^) dake, or hodo ; as, this 

melon is half as large as 

that, kono sidkica (QUi) tea ano 

suiktca yori mo hamhun dake okii 


once , mo ichido {—]%); mo 


over , aratameie. 

to come , de-naoshite ku-ru; 


to do over , shi-naostt. 

to write over , kaki-naosu. 

will talk of that , sore wa 

kasa7iete no hanashi ni itashimasho. j 

Against, prep, ni taishiie ; 7ii mukat- [ 
te ; (contrary to) ni hanshite ; (in ! 
exchange for) to hiki-kae ni ; (in 
opposition to) ni sakaratte ; ni luin- 

iai shite; (leaning up ) ni tate- 


a claim , ni taishite no, or 

ni kakarv, yokyft (51^). 
the grain, (of wood) .?a ta- 
me ni ; (fig.) iya-nagara ; iya-iya. 

offences property, zaisan 

ni taisuru tsumi. 

over , no mukb ni. 

right over , no mo-mufcat 7a. 

to be , ni/sakarau; mufro-j 

dzura ni naru ; (oppose) kbbamu ; \ 
misakarau. | 

to be set up third pf rties,j 

tjco v\otte\daisansha (^H:#) ni. 
iaikd (tft/t) « [Com. Co]. j 


[ 27 ] 


to go , ni/salcarau; ni/somu- 


to liold , ni/oshi-aie-ru. 

to lean , {i.v.) ni/motare-ru; 

ni/yori-kakaru ; (t.y.) ni/motase-ru ; 
nijyori-kake-ru ; nijtaie-kake-ru. 

to nail , nijkugi de itchi- 


to pull , tolhippari-au. 

to push , nijoshi-ate-i'u ; ni/ 


to push. one another, oshi- 


to ride , (t.v.) ni/nori-isuke- 


to send an expedition , 

nijenseiqun (M$E^) *co okuru. 

to speak , (in argument) 

no hantai-seisu (S^J'f^) w;o ndbe-ru ; 
(speak evil of) ico/soshiru ; ura- 
hara iio setsu wo nobe-ru. 

to strike , (i.v.) niltsuki- 

ataru ; (t.v.) nijbucM-tsuke-ru. 

to throw , nijnage-tsuke-rii ; 


to thrust , nij oshi-tsuke-ru. 

Agape, adv. kuclii wo aite. 

Agate, n. mend ; menoseki (J^i^H) 5 
(type)* [corresponds in size to Japa- 
nese type No. 7, shichigd (-bff^)]. 

Age, n. (a century) isseiki (—iHrfS) ; 
(length of life) toshi ; yienrei (^(^) ; 
yowai; nempai (^^J ; (period in 
history) jidai (Bjfi) { nendai (ipf^) ; 
(whole duration of being) jumyo 

of , seinen (^^) ni natta ; 

taijin {■;f^\) ni naita ; ieinen (T^) 

ni natta ; as, I am , teinen ni 

natfe oru. 

spirit of the , jisei (njp 


the of man is seventy 

years, ningen (Afsl) no jumyo tea 
.shichiju nen desii. 

to come of , teinen ni itaru. 

under , shonen (^^) no; 

miteinen (?^'J*^)no; teinen-miman 
(T^^iS) no. 

with , toshi kagcn {i)Hl^) de ; 

toshi no sei de ; as, his eyes are 

dim with , toshi no sei dc me 

ga kasiinde oru. 

Age, i.v. (appear old) fuke-ru ; (grow 
old) toshi ICO toru ; oiru ; toshiyoru ; 
toshi wo kasane-ru. 

Japanese women rapidly, 

Nihon no onna wa fuke-yasui. 

look of (of works of art), 


middle s, chuko (cf iS")- 

to have a look of (of 

i\x\ng,s), furuhite mie-ru. 

Aged, a. toshi-yotta ; toshi wo totta ; 
konen (j^^) no ; toshi-kasa na. 
an person, toshiyori; rojin 


Agency, n. (instrumentality) sewa ; 
shdsen ()^^) ; tori-mochi; baikai (i^ 
-^) ; (mandate) inin (3l££) J (office 
of a commercial agent) dairiten (^M. 
l^); tori-atsukaijo ; (right to repre- 
sent) dairi-ken (RJi!^). 

a natural , shizenryoku ( g ^ 

•fj); shizen no hataraki; shizen no 
sayo (f^ffl) ; shizen no kotowari. 

sole , itie-hambai (-'^SS 


Agent, n. (deputy) dairisha (ft 51 
:#) ; mybdai (%ft); (manager) shi- 
hainin (^HEA) 5 (of a merchant) dai- 
rinin (f^flA) [Civ. Co.]; dairisha 

Consular , daiben-ryoji ((^^ 

forwarding , unso-toritsugi- 


general , so-dairinin (^.\K.^ 


house , sahainin (f^^K). 

sole , itte-dairinin (— ^fi?! 


shipping , kwaiso-donya {M 

special , tokubetsu-dainnin 


steamship company's , ki- 

senkwaisha-dairinin (i^iSfl'^jfcftfl 

Agglomerate, tv. marome-ru. 

Agglomerate, i.v. kafamaru. 

Agglomeration, n. hUo-marome ; 
katamari ; (act of) equiv. of Agglo- 
merate foil, by koto. 


[ 28 ] 


Agglutluailt, n. (viscons sub- 
stance) nenclmicubutsu {ff^l^Vnj) ', Jieba- 
ru mono. 

Ag-graiirtize, t.v. kicddm {J^k) ni 
ft ; fukyo (^Slt) ni s ; sondai {^'M 
ni s. 

Ag-granclizeineiit, n. self 


Agg^ravate, t.v. (a disease) omoku 
s ; (irritate) okorase-rii ; ikaraseru ; 
nolhara ico ; (make worse) 
ashiku s ; teomo ni s ; jmlai (W.k) ni 
s ; (of pain) h/tgeshiku s ; isnyoku s. 

to be d, (angry) tca]kara ga 

iatmi ; (made worse) omoku nam ; 

judai 7u 7iai-n ; (of an illness) 

omoru ; (of pain) tsunoru. 

Ag"gTavatioii, n. equiv.of Aggra- 
vate foil, by koto ; (of a crime) omo- 
ku suru koto ; ma.<^.i koto. 

AggTavatiiig:, a. (annoying) hara- 
tatashii ; (of persons) vi-usai ; (of 
occurrences) imaimashii. 

Ag:g:ravatingrly, adv. Juira ga taisu 
hodo ; x>rusaku ; imaimashUcti. 

Aggregate, n. tatamari ; dnnJcetsu 
(KHS); (sxan)sokei (ifetf) ; g5sn (^ 
ft) ; shime-daka ; tatamari-daka. 

in the , bdzu ni; gairyaku 

m^) ; tairyaku (A*). 
Aggregate, i.v. danketsu (S,^) s ; 

shfigo (5K^) s. 
Aggregation, n. eqiiiv. of Ag-gre- 
gate foU. by koto. 

Aggression, n. kogeki (3^||) ; (ter- 
ritorial) shinryaku (g§^) ; shimbatsu 


Aggressive, a. (of a policy) shin- 
ryaku-teki (^^ft^J) no ; (quarrelsome) 
keiikicadzuki na ; kenkicappayai. 
an -person, wanryokka (H^f) 

to be , kenkica (i^ 

kakent, or uri-kake-ru. 

rjco shi- 

Aggressively, adv. kenJaca vm 

Aggressor, n. kugekisha ( j!c|?#) ; 
shimbatsusha (^ffi^)- 

who was the P saki ni te- 

(lashi ICO shita no ica dare da. 

Aggrieved, a. to feel , fuhei 

(^p^p.) 7ii omou ; fukioai (^^l^) ni 

Aghast, adv. to be , akke ni 

torare-ru ; kimo ico tsvhusu ; gyo- 
ten [W^) * ; tamage-ru. 

Agile, a. luishikoi ; mi-garui ; 

subashikoi ; (of brain) binsho (®[M) 

na ; reiri (fptH) "^• 
Agility, n. ml-gand koto ; subashiko- 

sa ; hashikoi koto ; (of brain) binsho ; 

Agitate, t.v. (excite passion) geki 

iSk) sase-ni ; gekvdo (Sfcjfi) saseru ; 

(move • violently) ugokasu ; furu- 

wasu ; (stir up) sendo {^f)]) s ; 


to be d, (mentally) aicate- 

ru ; gekvdo s ; (lit. and fig.) doyo 

mm) s. 

Agitate, i.v. (of political agitation) 
undo (iil£#) s. 
to for, ^vojundo loo s. 

Agitatedly, adv. aimtete ; gekido 

Agitation, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Agitate foU. by koto ; (lit. and fig.) 
doyo ; (political) und'j. 

Agitator, n. sendosha (j^fjl#); 
(political) undu.shfi (^$Jl^). 

Aglow, adv. to be (of the face), 

Agnostic, n. fukashigironshn (7p.liS 


Agnosticism, n.fukashigiron. 

Ago, adv. izen {i^M): mie; ato; ato 

long , his'ishii mae ni; yo- 

hodn 2en ni ; hi.iashii ato. 

some time , ikura kn rivte ni. 

that happened three years 

, sore ica sannen maenokot" 

Agoing, to set , ugokasu: 

Agonize, i.v. kurushimu. 
Agonize, t.v. kurushime-ru ; naynmn- 

su ; nilki wo momase-ni. 
Agonizing, a. kumshii. 


[ 29 ] 


Ag'oiiy, n. kutsii (-^-0) ; kurushlmi ; 
hammon (itriR^)- 

unable to endure the , 

Icutsn ni taenu. 

Agrariai!, a laws, dendo-hei- 

bunho {m±.^^ik)- 
rising, ikkl (— ^). 

AgTCe, i.v. (concur) doi (^M) s ; 
(consent) sliochi (7?t^l) s ; shodaku 
(7^1^) s ; (correspond) uu ; tsuri-au ; 
furjo (f^-p") s ; (enter into an agree- 
ment) yakusoku (|^}J4) s ; (harmo- 
nize) wago (^-0") s ; chowa (n/^ifn) s ; 
(of food) sho {'^) ni cm ; karada ni 
an ; karada ni ieki (i^) s ; (yield 
assent) nattoku (|^f?) s; tokitshin 

I , s'hochi itashimashiia. 

I with you that , go 

doyo ni to omou. 

I cannot , (do shite mo) slio- 
chi ga deklmasenu. 
that does not with nay- 
constitution, sore tea watakushi 
710 sho ni awanai. 
those persons well to- 
gether, ano hitotuchi ica makoto 
ni wika ga yoi. 

to that, or to, (of a stipula- 
tion) to yakvtei (|^^) s ; koto too 
yaku s, 
to ...... to (a bill), icofkakeisu (nX 


to upon (fix in consultation), 

kyotei (Wj^) s; kyogi-kettei (^^ 

to with, (a sentiment) wa/ 

dokan (|^,^) de aru; (a view) 
nijdoi s ; (concur with, a person) 
tojdoi s ; (correspond) ni/au. 

Agreeable, a. (of a person) choshi 
(^J-) no yoi ; choshi no umai ; 
(pleasant) kokoroyoi; yukwai df]^) 
na ; omoshiroi. 

to (corresponding to), ni 

kanau ; ni ieicito ('M^) sum. 
that man's manners are very 

, anohlto no fa (^) tea makoto 

ni yoi fa desu. 

Agi', u. oqiuv. of Agree- 
able foil. l)y kido. 

Agreeably, ady. kokoroyoku ; omor' 
shiroku ; hodoyoku. 

to, ni shitagatte; ni djite. ' 

Agreement, n. (between states) 
kyosho (EiS); kyotei (1,^); (con- 
tract) keiyaku (%^) ; yakujo (^^) ; 
torikime ; (convention) kyoyaku (^ 
$^) ; torikime-shd ; (promise) yaku- 
soku (^M) ; (seaman's) yatoi- 
keiyaku ; koyo-keiyaku (MW%n:-]) 
[Com. Co.] 

amicable , dakyo (^j^). 

by mutual , aitai de ; goi 

(^m de. 

mutual , hanashi-ai ; moshi- 


secret , miisuyaku (^'^ii^j). 

special , tokuyaku (^i^j). 

to arrive at an , ica]hanashi, 

or svdan {^^), ga matomant ; kyo- 

gi (tfifiS) 5"^ totonou. 

verbal , kuchi-yakusoku. 

Agricultural, a. nogyo (^H) no* 
kd.mku (filH"^) "0 ; nbji {%'^' 

bank, 'nogyo-ginko (^H® 


bureau (Govt.), nomukyoku 

chemistry, nogyo-kioagalcu 

country, nosankoku (£|^ 

implements, nogu (^|l). 

products, no.s-ambutsu (^M 

Agricvilturally, adv. nogyo ni; 
kosaku ni. 

Agriculture, n. nogyo (ei^) ; nonnc 
(^B) ; «o/i (^*.) ; kdsaku ($)ff^). 

industry, and commerce, 

nbkbshb (g|xfe)- 

department of , nbmu.iho 


department of and com- 
merce, 7ibshbmushd (_^iS^^). 
Minister of , nomu^daijin (^ 

Minister of and com- 
merce, nbshbmu-daijin (mSi?^/c 

science of , nogakii (j^^). 


[ 30 ] 


Agriculturalist, n. noka (^^); 
(farmer) nofu (^^); hyakusho (S" 


AgTOund, adv. to run on, 

(i.v.) niJnori-age-7-u ; (t.v.) n'jnori- 
icake-ru ; ni nori-age-ru. 
to be , noriagete oru. 

Ague, n. okori ; gyakn (^) ; kan- 

Ahead, adv. saJd ni ; inae ni ; hana 


cannot see , muko ga mieivai. 

cannot see an inch , issun 

(— TJ') saki ga mienai. 

straight , massiigu ni. 

Aid, n. ietftudai ; tasuke ; hosa (^&) ; 
joryoku (M:^) ; (as intermediary) 
seica; .shftsen (,^SS); (assistant) te- 
dai; joshu (ft!j^); (in danger) 
tasuke ; kyujo (^flfi) ; kyiisai ; (to 
persons in distress) kyujo ; fujo (^ 
Aid, t.v. tasukeru ; hosa s ; (as 
intermediary) nolsewa too s; nij 
shfisen s ; (at a piece of work) 
tetsudau ; ni//e ico kasu ; (in danger) 
kyOjo s ; kyilsai s ; (in distress) 
kyujo s ; fvjo s. 

to and abet, kyosa (ffc@) s. 

Aide-de-camp, denreishi ((S^^) ; 

bakin-yo (Hf^) ; (to the Sovereign) 

jijft-bulcican (^'^%kt)- 
Aiguillette, n. (on uniform) kazarir 

; shokucho (fi^j^). 

Ail, i.v. icadzurnu ; nayamu ; yamu. 

to be ingj hura-bura icadzu- 

raite oru. 

Ail, t:v. what s you? do nas'tta 

no da. 

Ailment, n. shippei (^^) ; yamai ; 

byoki (j^M.) I icadzurai. 
Aim, i.v. nerai wo isuke-ru ; kento (5, 
^) ico tsukeru ; sT^jiin (M^) s; 

to at, wo/nerau ; (flg.) wo/me- 

ate ni s ; mokuteki (@fi^) to s; 

muTie to s ; hakaru. 

to be ed at (of a scheme), 

ico/mokuteki to s. 

Aim, t.v. (a gun) muke-ru. 

Aim, n. nerai ; shojun ; (fig.) ate ; 

me-aie: ate-do; mokuteki (0fi^); 

mokuromi ; keisaku (nt^) ; kokoro- 

zashl ; (mil.) shojun. 

to miss one's , tcalnerai ga 

?t,adzurc-ru ; (fig.) ica^ate ga hadzu- 

Aimed, p.p. object at (mil.), 

shojunten (fS^f J). 

well fire (mil.), seimitsu- 


Aimless, a. ate-do no nai; kil {^) 
na ; mukento (jfe^^) na ; teiken 
(^^) no nai. 

Aimlessly, adv. ale naku ; me-ate 
naku ; mokuteki naku ; ate-do nalcu ; 
ku ni ; mukento ni. 

Aimlessness, n. eqtiiv. of Aimless 
foil, by koto. 

Air, n. (a draught) kaze ; (look) ynsu ; 
taido mm; fusai (EJR); furl [of 
a false appearance] ; (of music) fu- 
shi; choshi (li^F) ; (of the atmos- 
phere) kuki (^^) ; taiki (-^cm.)- 

in the , kuchu (^^) tii. 

to give one's self s, iba- 

ru; yodaiburu (^^^); takaburu; 

yosuburu ; mottaiburu ; waga mi 

ni moilai too tsvke-m. 

with an innocent , shiranu 

furi de ; nani mo kutcanii kao de. 

Air, t.v. (a room) ni/kaza-ire ico s; 
ni/kiiki wo iosu ; ni/kaze tea ireru ; 
(clothes) hosu : sarasu ; (clothes, etc., 
before a fire) kaicakasu ; (yearly, 
after rainy season) mushi-boshi s; 
doyo-boshi s. 

to one's views, iken (.s^) 

zoo nobe-ru. 

to assume the s of, icolki- 


to put on s, kidoru. 

Air-brake, n. yoki-seidoki (^^|1j 


Air-bladder, n. (of a fis!i) uki- 
bukuro ; (dried) nibe. 

Air-cusliiou, n. kuki-makura. 
Air-guu, n. kuki-ju (^^$^) ; kiju 

(il^) ; fi'dio (SLfifl) ; kaza-deppo. 
Ail'-liole, n. kaza-mado. 


[ 31 ] 


Airily, adv. assari to ; uioajosM ni ; 

Airing-, n. (of outdoor exercise) sam- 
PO mm ; shoyo (it^). 

summer (of clothes, temple 

treasures, etc.), mitshi-boshi ; doyo- 

to take an , sampo s; shoyo 


Air-pump, n. haiJd-pompu ; haikisho 
Air-shaft, n. kaza-ana ; isukiro (jS, 

mm- . 

Air-sac, n. (of a bird) kino (MM)' 
Air-tight, n. kuki no Jiavrenai; 
(empty of air) kuki-nuld no. 

Airy, a. kaze-toshi no yoi; seisei (^ 
^ ) to shita. 
to lie , ica\yoku kaze ga ioru. 

Ajar, adv. h.e has left the door 

, to ICO hambim (^^) ake- 


the door is , to ga hosome ni 

aite oru ; to ga hambiraki ni natte 

Akimbo, a. to stand with arxus 

, hiji wo haru ; hari-hiji wo s. 

Akin, a. (fig.) ni/rui (M) shita ; niyo~ 
ri no ; (lit.) shinzoku (5^)^) no. 

Alabaster, n. sekkwa-sekko (ff^H 
•p^); hakuryusan-sekkwai (t\WiM.^ 


Alacrity, n. keikxcai (^i^). 

to show , haki-haki s. 

with , haki-haki to. 

Alarm, n. (condition of mind) odoro- 
ki; (instrument) shingoki (ffta^^J); 
(notice of danger) fcei/to (|^^g) ; (sig- 
nal) aidzu. 

bell, keisho (#M) ; hansho 

( 4: gj) ). [ When struck rapidly it is 

called hayagane.'l 

clock, mezamnshi-dokei. 

gun, keih^(^r^). 

to beat the , keiho («|ff{i) wo 


Alarm, t.v. (give notice of danger) 
keiho, or aidzu, s ; (give notice of 
danger in order that it may be re- 
pelled) bogyo (g/jfW) no aidzu s; 
( frighten ) odor oka su . 

to be ed, odoroku ; bikkuri s ; 


Alarming, a. ayaui; fuanshin {^^ 
jt>) na ; kowai ; osoroshii. 

Alarmist, n. kiyuka (tGS^)- 

Alarmist, a. kiyu (tES) no. 

Alas ! interj. aa ; satemo-sateinO ; 
aware ya ; aware nam kana. 

Albatross, n. (diomedea derogata) 
kuroahodori ; (d. brachyura) ahodori ; 
bakatiori ; shinten-o (imJzm)- 

Albicore, n. maguro ; shibi-mftgurb. 

Albino, n. shirakko. 

Album, n. shogwajd ( ft^itlfi). 

photographic , shashinjo 

(M^^^) ; shashin-basami. 

Albumen, n. iampaku ; shiromi ; 
tampakushitsu (^Q'^). 

Albumenuria, n. tampakunyd (g 

Alchemist, n. renkinsha (M& #)• 
Alchemy, n. renkin ; renkinjuisu 


Alcohol, n. shusei (fSJ^) ; arukoru ; 

shochu (j$,M)- 

Alcoholic, a poisoning, 

shusei-chMo]cu (}Si|i|t{J#). 

Alcoholism, n. .thudokii (fg^). 

Alcove, n. toko no ma. 
] Aldebaran, n. akaboshi. 
i Alder, n. (alnus maritimus) han no 

■ ki. 
Alderman, n. shi-sanjikwaiin ( ffi^ 

^-^^); [obsolete expressions: cho-' 

yo-gakari ; sodoshi-yori.'] 

Alert, a. yudan (jftJIf) no nai ; mike- 
me no nai. 

Alert, n. to be on the , ki ico 

shimeie oru ; ki wo kubatte oru. 

Alei;tness, n. equiv. of Alert foil. 

by koto. 
Aleutian Islands, Areuto-slMtd. 
Algae, n. kaiso-zoku (?^?^)K) ; kaiso- 

rui (m^m- 

Algebra, n. daisu-gak-u (K9t^)- 


[ 32 ] 


Algrebraical, a. daisu-gaku no. 

Alias, n. gbnei (©^) ; hemmei (@^). 
to take an , gimei s. 

Alien, n. takokvjin (MS A); gwai- 

Alien, a. (difEerent) kawaita ; 
chigatta ; koionatta ; (foreign) ta- 
koku no ; gwaikoku no. 

Alienabilitj-, n. yudzurareru koto. 
Alienable, a. ymlzurarem ; yudzuri- 
^catashi no dekhii. 

Alienate, t.v. (estrange) iozake-nt ; 
to/zekko (^^)s; rilcan (HgP^) s; 
hedafe-i-u ; soen (j^^) ni s ; (transfer) 
y%uhuru ; yudzuri-ioatasK. 

to affection between 

friends, iomodachi no naka ico 


to be ed, soen ni nam. 

Alienation, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Alienate foil, by koto ; (estrange- 
ment) soen ; rikan ; kakui (f^M) ', 
aisodzukashi; zekko; (mental) sei- 
shin-sakiiran (fi|iC>^SL); (of terri- 
tory) katsujo (jlj^) ; (transfer) yu- 

Alig"bt, i.v. ort-j-u ; kudaru; (from a 
vehicle) gesha (TF$) s; (on a tree) 

Alight, a. the lamps are , 

akari ga tsuite oru. 

Align, t.v. narahe-ru ; ichiretsu( — ^j) 

ni s. 

Alignment, n. narabi ; (act of) 
equiv. of Align foU. by koto ; (mil.) 
seiton (?|i||). 

Alike, ti.nita; niyotta; ridji (lg(j;i) 
71^ ; ichiyo (— !j^) no. 

to be , nite oru ; niyoru. 

Alilie, adv. doyo {^^) ni ; hitoshiku. 
Alimentary, a.jlyo (g^g) no. 

canal, eiyokican (^^^tj) ; 

shoshokkican (^-^'^). 

Alimony, n. yashinairyd ; [Civ. 
Pro.] ; bekkyo-teateryo ; fujoryo (^&} 
^) ; (to a divorced wife) rienkin (f^ 

Alive, a. (exhibiting motion) kwafsvdo 
(r^Wl) "o; vgoku; (living) ikiia; 

(sprightly) kwaikwatsu (^ff;) no; 
kwappatsu (S®) na ; (siisceptible to 
emotion) kanji-yasui. 

are your parents still ? 

go ryoshin (^t^.) '^"^ ^'^ zommei {ff. 

^) de irasshaimasu ka. 
■ to be , ikite oru ; zommei sh He 

oru ; (of a tree) midzu wo agefe 


to keep , Vcashite oku. 

Alkali, n. arukan ; [in combination 

vnth another word kari (Iju 

Alkaline, a. arukarl ni kasuheki : 
antkari-sei (ffiHiuMtt) "O- 

flavour, anikan no ajiwal. 

All, a. suhete no; issai (—1^) no; 
nokoradzu no ; moro-moro no ; mina 
no ; [^mina, nokoradzu, and shikkal 
(W:^) are adverbs]. 

the ships have left, fune 

tea nokoradzu shiippan(is',ijli{.) ."hita. 

the soldiers I'an away, 

heisotsu (i^^) tea mini u'l/eta. 

I have paid off my debts, 

shakkin (f^ife-) ica shikkol (^.if) 

haratte shimatta. 

I will buy these, kore ico 

mina kab. 
All is likewise sometimes expr. by a 
negation of the individual ; as, 

know, shiranai mono ica nai. 

men love money, ningen 

(A^) ni kane no kirai na Tnono wa 


at once (together), icfiido (— 

I^) ni. 

countries, hankoku (^^) 

kakkoku (#^). 

day, ich'michi; shujitsu (J5 

H ) ; higana-ichinicM. 

four died, yottari to mo shin- 

generations, hansei (M&:)l 

bandai (KR). 

men, bammin (l^f^) ; dare 

de mo. 

night, .'ihuya (^?£) ; yoya 

(BE^) ; yoppite ; yodbshi. 

of a sudden, niwaka ni ; 

totsvzen (5^#*) ; dashinuke ni ; fui 

(^:t.) to. 

of you, mina sama ; mina 

san ; mina. 


[ 33 ] ALL 

one, gomhei-tardbei. 

one's life, shiish'tn (|5^)J 

shogai (HiM)- 

ever (covering everything), 

bettari ; beta ichi-men. 

over mud, doro-darake. 

over oil, abura-darake. 

over the world, sekai-ju (jH: 

the better, nao ii. 

the provinces (of Japan), 

shokoku (its)- 

there are, are-giri; noko- 

radzu ; arittake. 

the world, sekmjii. 

the year round, nenju (^ 


thing's, bambutsu {"^ii^). 

will go in, hairi-kire-ru. 

at events, nani shiro ; idzure 

ni sh'de mo ; to mo kaku mo. 

box and , hako no mama de; 

hako goto. 

by means, 2e/u' {^it); zehi 

to mo ; dozo. 

for that, da ga ; da keredo- 


in , tsugo (?J15^); nokoradzu 

de ; m'tna de. 

it is gone, mo tsiddmashiia ; 

mo mina ni luirima.ihita ; mo naku- 

it is over (finished), mo 

o shimni da ; mo shikata ga nai. 
[i. e. there is no help for it]. 

it is over with him, ano 

hito tea mo totemo dame da ; mo 
totemo kono yo no hito de tea aru- 

it is the same, hitotsu koto 

da ; onaji koto da ; (in neg.) 
kaicari ga nai. 

not at , .lukoshi mo; issefsu 

(-^■^); nekkara; chitto 7no; ikko 
( — In]) ; [all with a neg.]. 

this is there is, kore kiri 

da ; kore de arittake desxt. 

to be sold, \iri-kirete om. 

to walk on fours, yotsumhai 

ni nruku. 

with one's heart (devot- 
edly), shin (.!>) kara. 

Allay, t.v. (excitement) nadame-ru ; 
(pain, etc.) yaicarage-7'u ; shidzumeru. 

to be ed, yaicaragu ; shidzu- 

maru ; genjiru. 

Allegratioii, n. mashi-faie ; ii-tate ; 
shiichd (±^) ; (act of) equiv. of 
Allege foil, by koto. 

of fact, jljitsiijo {M-'^±.) no 

shucho [Civ. Pro.]. 

Alleg^e, t.v. ii-tate-1'u ; moshl-tate-ru ; 
shucho s. 

Allegiance, n. chUgi dSM) ', (^o a 
king, etc.) gimu {^^)- 

oath of , chujun no seiyaku 

to return to one's , kijvn 

mm) s. 

Allegorical, a. hiyuteki (JttgsW) 
(no) ; tatoe no. 

Allegrorically, adv. hiyuteki ni ; 

Allegory, n. tatoe ; Uyu (ihPfe) ; 

Alleviate, t.v. yurume-ru ; herasu ; 
genji-ru ; yawarageru ; (sorrow) 

to be d, raku (*g) ni nam; 

yurumu ; yaicaragu ; usuragii. 

Alleviation, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Alleviate foil, by koto, or words 
below foil, by sum koto ; (pain) kei- 
gen (M^) ', (sorrow) an-i (^Jg) ; bui 


Alleviatory, a. Alleviate (t.v.) 
used as adj. 

Alley, n. roji (^^) ; komiehi. 

blind , ikidomari no roji {^ 


Alliance, n. domei ([^S). 

Anglo- Japanese , Nichi-Ei- 


offensive and defensive , 

koshu-domei (:i^^[^S)- 

the Triple Alliance, sangoku- 

domei (H^l^^). 
Allied, 0. (resembling) ruiji d^HS,) 
no ; ruiji shita. 

countries, domeikoku (l^ffl 


troops, rengugun (^i^W.). 

Alligator, n. wanl ; gnk-ugyo (ggffi.). 


[ 34 ] 


of copiier and gold, shibuiehi (0:5^— ) 
of three parts of copper to one of 
silver] . 

Alloy, t.v. ni/maze-ru ; ni/majie-ru. 

Allutle, i.v. to to, ico/s'tsh'te in ; 

(hint at) honomekasu ; nioicas^i ; td- 
maicashi ni iu ; icojfu (|8) s ; (in- 
sinuate) ni/ate-tsukeru ; nijate- 

Allure, t.v. hikidmri-komu ; soso- 
nokasu ; yfncaku (^^) s. 

Allurement, n. ynicakK ; soso- 
nokashi ; (act of) eqiiiv. of Allure 
foil, by koto. 

Alluringr, a. kokoro ico hiku yd na. . 

Alluringly, adv. kokoro tco hiku yd 

Allusion, u.fugen (p.^") : (insinua- 
tion) atetsuke. 

Alluvial, a. sado (g!>±) no. 

deposit, chindeiljutsu (ytjTS 


Ally, n. domeisha (^SL^') ', (confeder- 
ate in crime) katodo ; (in -war) 
mikata ; (of a country) domeikoku (^ 

Allonge, n. (of a bill) hosen (MM) 
[Com. Co.] - fusen (ftH). 

Allot, t.v. (to a person) nijbumpai (^ 
j^) s ; nijwaritsvkeru ; ni/wari- 
watasu ; ni/haito (fiH^) s ; (to a pur- 
pose) ni/aie-kameru. 

Allotment, n. haitd ; humpai ; wari- 
watashi ; icari-tsuke ; (thing allotted) 
bumpaibuisu (^^Y/s) ', haitobutsu (gU 

Allow, t.v. (agree) shodaku (^|&) s ; 
shdin{^^\) s ; shochi {^jg}) s ; (an 
argument) ynitome-ru ; shoniti ( ^gS) 
s ; (a request) kiki-ire-ru ; (give) atac' 
ru; kyoyo (^■^) s ; kyuyo (i^^) s; 
sadzuke-ru ; (permit) yurusu ; kyoka 
(f^pj) s ; also expr. by the caiisative 
form of the verb ; as, 

the authorities him to 

sell playing cards, sono suji 
ica ano hito ni kanda tco uraseie 

we him to do as he likes, 

ano hito no suki no yd ni sasete 

Allowable, a. yurusu koto no dekini- 

Allowance, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Allow foil, by koto ; (money) teate- 
kin ; (that which is given) tente ; 
kyiiyo-bidsu (i^^4%). 

of rice (in lieu of wages), 

fuchi [obs.]. 

annual , nenkin (^^); 

{samurai's pension) karoku (^^). 

field service , senji-zoho ( ^ 

torse ybaryd(S^^). 

lodging , takuryb (^)|4). 

mess , shokuryo (^i|^). 

outfit , shodo-hijukuryij (^ 

- l^mm) ; shiiakuryo (itft^)- 

please make s for me, o 

sasshi kudasai ; go ryosatsu {^M) 

wo negaitai. 

ration , kdbun-kyuyo (P^*& 


to make s for (take into 

consideration), uojshalcuryo (g^ 


Alloy, n. (compound) kongd-kinzoku 

(j^n'^M) ; r/o/ciu (^^) ; kongobidsu 

ii^^Y^) ; (metal admixed) mazemono. 

Ishakudo (#3|) is a Japanese alloy 

to make an of, wojndkata 

ni s. 

All J", t.v. to one's self with, 

no/mikata ni isuku ; to/nwsidni ; 
tojgattai (•^W) * 5 (of a country) 
tojdomei (l^ffl) ico musubu. 
Almanac, n. koyomi ; (in book 

form) toji-goyomi ; ryakureki (^^); 

(in sheet form) hashira-goyomi. 

Almightj', a. zennd (^^) no ; tsfi- 
nki-jizai (MiOlM^) no; daiil-zai- 
ryoku (:k^^':h) 'w> ; jintstlriki (>jpjji3i 
ij) (trii. 

Almighty, n. the , Jutei (J:, 

^•) ; Kami. 

Almond, n. amando; botanlcyo (^ 
^); hatankyd (^^^). 

Almost, adv. hotomlo ; iaitei ; yai;a ; 
mo sukoshi de. 

all, taigai (:k\^); taiiei (;«c 

^) ; kubu-dori. 

all gone, taitei nakunalta. 


[ 35 ] 


dead, shini-kakaita ; shinu 

bakari de atta ; (of a suicide) shini- 
sokonaita ; shini-hagureta. 

he is well, hotondo naari- 


it is five ri , go ri ni chikai. 

Alms, n. hodokoshi ; gienkin (^ti^); 
shinse-kin (I^JffiSt ) J (^i<i) sukui ; (ob- 
jects given) semotsu ; (offertory) sai- 
sen (#IS). 

Alms-box, n. (before a shrine) sai- 
sen-bako ; (in a public place) gien- 

Alms-giver, n. jizenka (^#^) ; 
hodokoshi wo sum hito. 

Alms-g'iving', n. hodokoshi ; gieyi. 

Alms-house, n. ydikuin (Sl=^). 

Aloe, n. rokicai (MM)- 

Aloes-wood, n.jinkd (yt#)- 

Aloft, adv. (naut.) hobasMra no we 
ni ; \ kijo (^h) ni. 

Alone, adv. hitori de ; tan ni ; bakari. 

leave it (i.e. don't touch it), 

ijiruna ; saioaruna. 

living , hitori-zumai. 

sitting , dokum (Jg®). 

to let (not to alter), soiw 

mama ni shite olcu ; \dchatte oku ; 
hotte oku. 

to stand (without allies, 

etc.), koritsu (JCjl) s. 
travelling , hitori-tabi. 

Along"* a<l"v- (lengthwise) tate ni ; 

all (all the way), zuito. 

with, to issho {—fT\) ni ; to 

tomo ni. 

come , oide; Sa I o ide ; koi. 

go (be q\uet), o yoshi yo; o 

yoshi nasai ; yoshi tamae. 

it is all of him (vulg.), 

n'ltsu no kage da. 

I will go with you, go 

issho ni mairimasho ; o tomo itasid- 

to bring with one, (a per- 
son or animal) t.-nirete ku-ru ; (a 
thing) motte ku-ru ; jisan (t$§) s. 
to pull , hikidzuru. 

Along, prep the mud wall, 

kabe wo tsutaicaite. 

the roofs, yane-dzutai ni. 

the shore, hama-dzuial ni. 

put these pots all the 

edge of the verandah, kono 
hachi wo engawa no hmria e narabete 
oite kurero. 

there are houses all the 

road from Shimbashi to Shina- 
gawa, Shimbashi kara Shinagawa 
made ie-tsudzuki da. 

to pass , (i.v.) wo / torn ] (t.v.) 


to sail the coast, kaigan 

(®-^^) ^i sotte to7-u. 

Alongside, adv. soba ni. 

put the boat , jiki soba e 


to bring the pier, sambashi 

e yokodzuke ni s. 

to lie (of a ship), jiki soba 

ni kakatie oru. 

Aloof, adv. he seems to keep ...... 

from me, ano hito wa loaiakushi 
ICO sakete oru yosu da. 

ministry which stands 

from parties, chozen-naikaku (|g 

to keep from, (i.v.) nij 

tozakaru ; (t.v.) wojtozake-ru ; wof 


to stand , takami de kembutsu 

to stand from political 

parties, seiio-igwai (iiejc^Ji^^b) "' 

Aloud, adv. ogoe de ; oki na koe de ; 
koe wo agete ; koe wo takaku shite ; 
daion {Jz'U) ^^ ; kosei (i^S?) de ; 
kowadaka ni. 

Alpaca, *. 

Alphabet, n. A. B. C. ; iroha [the 

latter properly restricted to the 

Japanese syllabary]. 

Alphabetical order, iroha-jun. 
Already, adv. mo ; mohaya ; siide ni. 

decided, (a.) kitei (||J6^) no. 

Also, adv. and conj. (connecting 

clauses) mata ; (in addition) mo ; 
(likewise) yaharl. 


[ 3G ] 


and • , yaMri; oyobi; 

(formal) narabi ni. 

I will go, watalcusld mo iko. 

not only, but , bakari 

de naku mo ; (formal) nomi- 

naradzu ; as, it was not only 

unamusing but expensive 

fuyukwai (l^lfjl^) na nomi-naradzu 
naofuben (l^M) de atta ; put in 

not only this but that, 

kore bakari de naku sore mo irero. 

Altar, n. saidan (^fi£) ; seidan (^ 
®) ; (Anglican) seitaku (g^) ; (Bud- 
dhist) kodzukue ; korodai (^jfi^) ; 
(Shintoist) kumotsudai (■^iflJjS). 

family , (Buddhist) butsudan 

(l^M) ; (Shintoist) kamidana. 

Altar-cloth, n. (Buddhist) uchi- 

Alter, t.v. (a document) kaki-naos%i ; 
kaki-kae-ru ; (change) kae-ru ; henji- 
ru ; henko (®|g) s ; (correct) naosu ; 
aratame-ru ; (revise) kaisei (^J£) s. 

to one's mind, kigawari s ; 

ica'lki ga kawant ; kokoro-gaxmri 


Alter, i.v. kawaru ; (for the better) 
naoru ; araiamaru. 

to for the better, yoihde 

kawaru ; (morally) kaishin (^)C\) s. 

to for the worse, wand ho 

e kaicaru. 

Alteration, n. henktm (^■fh) ; kai- 
hen (?ic®) ; kavcari ; (act of) henko 
(#31) ; equiv. of Alter (t.v.) foU. by 
koto ; (amendment in a law) shusei 
(l^iE) ; (in a building) moyb-gae; 
kaichiku (^^) ; (in a dociunent) 
kaki-naoshita tokoro ; f kaiji (?Sc^) '> 
(revision, of a law, etc.) kaisei. 

Altercation, n, soron {^tn) ; koron 
(PIto) ; isakai ; gekiron (^J,^). 

Alternate, i.v. kawari-gawari ni s : 
koiai (^^) s. 

Alternate, a. iagai no ; chigal no ; 
kogo (^S) no. 

current (elec), koban-denryu 

on days, ichi-7iichi oki ni; 

kakujitsu (|^^ Q ) ni. 

Alternately, adv. (of the object) 
tori-kaeko ni ; hitoisu oki ni. Itori- 

kaeko ni means in the sense of 

first one, and then the other iu its 

place ; hitotsu oki ni means with 

the omission of- every second in- 
dividual] ; (of the person) kawari- 
gawari ni ; kawari-banko ni ; (of 
times) ichidp-gawari 7ii ; alternation 
of the action is expr. by the repeti- 
tion of the frequentative form ; as, 

he lives at Tokyo and 

Yokohama, Tokyo ni sundavl 

Yokohama ni sundari s. 

to drink , yaitari iottari shite 


Alternative, n. shiyiJ ; .thikata. 

must choose one of two s 

either or , ka 

ka nisha {ZL^) sono ifsu wo 

trabanakereba naranii. 

there are only two s. 

futatsu shika michi ga nai. 

there is no other , hoku i 

shiyo ga nai. 

to choose one of two s, 

futatsu no uchi hitotsu wo erabu ; 
nito (~^) no uchi itio (— ^) wo 

Alternation, n. kawari-gawari ; 
junkwan (^3^) ; kotai (^■f^). 

Altliea, n. mukuge ; tachi-aoi. 

AltllOUgll, conj. keredomo ; to loa 
ie ; to iedomo ; ga [all post-posi- 
tive] ; also expr. by the concessive 
forms of the verb. 

Altitvide, n. takasa ; (astron.) kodo 

Altogether, adv. mina issho {-—ffx) 
ni; nokoradzu; ichido (— |^) ; (in 
fine) kekkijoku {^Wi)'y tsumari; 
(quite) mattaku. 

how much does it come to 

? shimete ikura ni naru ka ; 

mina de, or tsugo (gB-g-), dore hodo 

ni naru ka ; sokei (^.gf ) ikura ni 

naru ka. 

not , anagachi; sonna ni 

[both with neg. verb]. 

Alto-relievo, n. ukiage-bori; uki- 


L 37 ] 


Altruism, n. ritashin ($l]ftiljb) ; «ita- 
shln ($fife.C>) ; aitashwji (^m±B)- 

Altruist, n. riiashugi ($ljf[l)±^) no 

Altruistic, a. rita-teki (fljflfefi^) ('«>). 

Alum, n. myoban (IP]^). 

Aluminium, n. * (ffilf^/Sg^). 

Always, adv. Hsu de mo ; shotchu ; 
shiju (Jfil*) ; isune ni ; taedzu ; (eter- 
nally) iisu made mo ; eikyfi (^A.) 'li- 

he is out -when I go, iisu 

ate mo ntsu da. 

Am, i.v. aru ; oru ; i-ru. [See also 

A.M., gozen {^n'D- 

Amaig'am, n. (mixture) kongbhutsu 

Amalgamate, t.v. (mix) maze- 
(ivoasn ; kongo (;^^) s ; (unite) giap- 
pei (^^) s. 

Amalgamate, i.v. gaitai (-^J}c)s; 
hitotsu 7ii nam ; (of companies, 
parties, etc.) gappei s. 

Amalgamation, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Amalgamate foil, by koto ; (mix- 
ing together) kongo ; (uniting) gap- 
pei; qbdo ('^Wi). 

Amass, t.v. iakuioaeru ; iame-i-u ; 
atsumeru ; chiJcuseki (^®) s. 

Amateur, n. (as oioposed to pro- 
fesional) shirbto. 

Amateurish, a. sldrbto-banare ?io 
shinai ; shosh'm-rashii (fJ!J.C>)- 
to be , shirbto-ge de aru. 

Amateiirislily, adv. shirbto-b-mare 
.sedzu ni ; shirbto-ge de. 

Amateurishness, n. sldrbio-ge. 

Amatory, a. remho (<g*Sb) no ; ren- 
al no ; aijb CSt^) no. 

Amaurosis, n. sokohi ; akimekura ; 

kokunaisJio (^P3f$). 
Amaze, t.v. odorokasu ; bikkuri sase- 

to lie d, likkuri s; akireru; 

kimo wo isubiisu ; tamageru ; gyb- 
ien (W^) s. 

Amazement, n. gybien ; or other 
equiv. of To be amazed foil, by 

Amazing, a. bikkuri sui-u hodo rto ; 
gybien sum ; odoroku-beki. 

Amazingly, adv. bikkuri sum hodo ; 
gybten .sum hodo. 

Amazon, n. Amazona. 
Ambassador, n. (resident) taushi (i^ 
^) ; (special envoy) tokushi (4#M:) J 
tokuha-talshi (^^'M:k^)- 

at the Court of , 

chusatsu-taishi (gt^J/^^). 
extraordinary and pleni- 
potentiary, tokumei-zenken-taishi 

Ambassadorial, a. taishi no. 
Ambassadorship, n. taishi no 

shoku (M^y^)- 
Amber, n. kohaku (g^JB). 

Ambidextrous, a. rybie-klki no ; 
rybte-dzukai no. 

Ambiguity, n, equiv. of Ambi- 
guous foil, by koto. 

Ambiguous, a. aimai (^3$) no; 
bonyari shita ; hakkbi .•ihinni ; ^- 
mei C:^^) na ; fumeiryb {^W]'^) na. 

Ambiguously, adv. bonyari to; 
aimai ni ; fumei ni ; fumeiryb ni. 

Ambition, n. iairnb 0^%); kbmyb- 
shin (^^tt'>)', m^iyoshin (fi^'UO; 
(in a bad sense) kachi-ki ; yashui (Bf 
j^) ; haki {^U)- 

Ambitious, a. taimb no aru; ko- 
mybshin no ara ; mdyoshin no am ; 
(in a bad sense) kachi-ki na ; yashin 
na ; (of power) ken (36) wo mu.9aboru. 

Ambitiously, adv. taimb wo idaite. 
Amble, i.v. dalcu-ashi ni hashiru. 
Amble, n. daku-ashi. 
Ambulance, n. yasen-bybin (¥fi6^ 
^) ; yiidb-bybin (M^M^)- 

cart, fushbsha-umpansha (ft 

corps, ya.ien-eiseltai (5fR8/ 

Ambuscade, n. (place) vmifvkujb 
iMVt^)', (troops in ambush) /use- 
zei; fukidiei (iK^)- 


[ 38 ] 


Alllblisll, n. maifulcu (SSf^). 

to fall into an ,fvJcuheini 


to lie in , mai/ufc«0{^) s ; 

fukuhei wo s. 

Ameliorate, t.v. kairyo (^H) «; 

yoku s ; kaisei (^i£) s. 

Amelioration, n. kairyo ; kaisei ; 
(act of) equiv. of Ameliorate foil, by 


Amen,* [pron. Ahmen]. 

Amenable, a. (to jurisdiction ) ni/ 
zoku (H) sum ; ni/ shitagau-beki ; nij 
fvktiju (3Rt^) subeki ; (to persiui- 
sion) in koto tco kiku [Ut. listens 
to what is said]. 

this controversy is not to 

ordinary diplonxatic methods, 
kono funso {^^) tea isOjo (ifi-^) 
no gicaiko-tetsiidzuki (^h^^iS) ni 
yoite short (SSI) sunt koto ga 

Amenrt, t.v. naos^i ; aratame-ru ; (a 
document) teisei (HiE) « ; kaizan {^ 
^) .s ; (an institiition) kaikaku (2JC 
]^).5; kaisei (^JE) s; (n lavr) shilsei 
(ttiE) s. 

to one's conduct, kaishin 

(?SC)t») s ; okonai wo riaosu. 
Amend, i.v . naom ; aratamaru ; 
(of a disease) kwaiho (^'^) nimukau^ 

Amendment, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Amend foil, by koto ; (of a com- 
position) tensaka (i^fiflj) > (of a law, 
etc.) kiviei (?!CiE) ; (of an institu- 
tion, etc.) kaikaku (^J^) ; (of behavi- 
our) kaishin (^jC^) ; shi'isei (^JE) ; 
(parliamentary) shuseian (S^iE^); 
(parliamentary, proposed) shuseisetsu 

Amend.S, n. (in kind) baisho (^K) ; 
tsvgunai ; agdnai. 

to make , aganau ; madou. 

to make for to-day I will 

take you somewhere to-mor- 
row, kyo no iime-atcase ni ashUa 
doko e ka tsurete itte yard. 
Amenity, n. (of climate) onwa (ffl. 

a) ; (of temper) onryo (zSK)- 
Amenorrhea, n. gekkei-fucho (^ 
iK^I^); tsiddyaku-fujun. 

Anient, n. iieko. 

Amentia, n. hakuchi ( I'j JS)- 

America, n. *; Beikoku{^^). 

Central , Chuo-Amerikn. 

Europe and , DSei (gic !|< ). 

North , Hokxi-Bei (ifc^j). 

South , Minami-Ainciika ; 

Nam-Bei {^^). 

U. S. of , Gasshukoku (^^ 


American, a. Amerika no ; Beikoku 

American, n. Amerikajin (^^PlhW 
\) ; Beikokujin. 

Amerce, t.v. (fine) ni/bakkin (P^) 
wo kwa (^) s; kara/baklcin wo toru. 

Amethyst, n. shi-iekiei (^'S^) ; 

murasaki-zuisho (SItH^)- 
Amiability, n. aikyd (§Jg) ; onjun 


Amiable, a. yasashii ; hitoyaka na ; 
onjun na ; aikyd na [the last parti- 
cularly of women]. 

Amiably, adv. yasashiku ; hitoyaka 
71 i ; onjun ni ; aUcyd ni. 

Amicable, a. shitashii ; niutsumajii ; 
shhnboku (^M) 'i« I ytigi-teki (^oS 
^) no ; (without recourse to war) 
liei'cn-teki (^T'^tfi) ('">). 

arrangement, wadan (^ 

Ife)^ jjjan (,^^) ; jikudan (?A?^). 

relations, konshin (^^) no 


settlement, wakai (fil^) 

[Civ. Co., Civ. Pro.]. 

Amicably, adv. .^Miashiku ; tntdsv- 
majiku ; naka-yoku ; odayaka 7ii ; 
heiica-ieki ni ; yiigi-teJci (SISfi'j) ni. 

to he settled, jidan de 


to settle , wakai s ; jidan s. 

Amidships, adv. semfrnku (Ig^) ni ; 
fune no nuinnaka ni. 
helm , ma-kaji. 

Amiss, a. if anything should 

happen , nanika koto ga afta 

hi ni wa. 

it would not te to do so, 

50 shite mo waruku wa arumai. 


[ 39 ] 


nothing comes to a 

hungry stomach, Mmojii ioki 
no mazni mono nashi. 

there's not much , taisJiita 

koto ja nai. 

to he , koto ga aru. 

to take , ica/Jii ni saicaru. 

Amiss, adv. is usually expr. by a 
compound of sokonau with the indef. 
form of the verb ; as, 

to do , yarisokonau. 

to hear , kiki-sokonau. 

Ainitablia, n. Amida. 

Ainitj', n. icaqo (jfUo'); ?ca.s/tm ($n 
^); shimboku'it^m ; shfikdmm- 

treaty of peace and , kbica- 

joyaku (^m^i'^)- 

Aniinonia, n. ammonia (^-^/g.2i). 

Aiiiniiiuitioi), n. danyaku (?f ^). 

waggon, datiynkusha (J^gg 

iji) ; yohlslvi (^li.^.). 

arms and , heiki-danyaku 

a rouLd of , danyaku ikko 

Aniiiesty, n. (general) taisha (k^) 
[Cr. Pro.] ; sobarai ; (special) toku- 

to grrant a general , taisha 

s ; sobarai s. 

Among', prep, no nnka ni ; no uchi 
ni ; no aida ni. 

learned persons, gakusha- 

kan (^iHTSi) ni. 
Amongst, prep. v. Among. 

Amorous, a. iajo (^'(1|) na; (of 
men) onna-dzuki na ; (of women) 
otoko-dzuki na. 

to put on looks, irome ico 


Amorously, adv. airashiku ; jo wo 

Amorousness, n. tajo ; ren-ai (m 

Amorphous, a. mushokei (.fig^)^) 

Amortization, n. shokyaku (ffijp) 
[Com. Co.]. 

Amortize, t.v. shokyaku s. ■ 

Amount, n. taka; (sum) kingaku 

insured, hoken-kvngaku (fij 

of loss , sonshitsu-gaku ( ^^ 

^); kesson-gaku (XftH). 

it depends on the of, no/ 

oi-suknnai, or tasho (.^^), ni yoru. 
what is the ? (of a calcu- 
lation) shimete ikura. 

whole , sbdaka ; sbkei (^ ft ) ; 

sojime ; shimedaka. 

to find the , shimeru. 

Amount, i.v. to to, ni/naru; 

(be equivalent to) ni/ataru ; to/ 
onaji koto de mu. 

it s to no more than , 

iada ni todornai'u. 

Amour, n. shitsii (M,^) ', ii'o. 

to have an , shitsu {l^M) *• 

to have an with, nijtsuji- 

ru ; nijkuttsuku. 

to tell the story of (a person's) 

s, {hito no) noroke-banashi 

ICO s. 

Amphibious, a. suinku-rybsei (7K 
^^"^) »o; suiriku-heiju (7K|^f;>fft) 

to be , oka ni mo midzu ni mo 

iru [lit. to live on land and also 
in water]. 

Ample, a. jidjun (^^) na ; (of gar- 
ments) o6wri na ; dabu-dabu shita 

there are grounds for 

thinking, sozo (J^ffi) sum ni 
amari aru. 

Amply, adv. jiibun ni ; iappuri to. 

Amplilication, n. equiv. of Am- 
plify foU. by koto. 

Amplify, t.v. kwatsudai (^M ni s ; 
bkiku s; kwbdai (SfA) '" s ; hiro- 
me-ru ; (by addition of explanatory 
details) shbsai (^M) ni setsumei (K 
lyj) .."? ; (in writing) motto nobashite 
kaku ; fuen (f^^) s. 

Amputate, t.v. setsudan (^3IK) s. 

Amputation, n. setsudan. 

Amulet, n. mamori ; gofu (U^). 
case, mamori-buk-uro. 


[ 40 ] 


Amur River, Kokuryfiko (Wsoiil)' 

Amuse, t.v. nagusame-ru ; omosMro- 
garase-ru; tanoshimaseru ; asoba- 

to a child, kodoino wo 


to one's self, asolu. 

to one's self with, tro/mi- 

gusami, or tanoshimi, ni s. 

to be d at, icojoknshigarir, 

ICO I omoshiiogaru. 

Amusedly, adv. omoshiro-sd ni. 

Amusement, n. asohi ; nagusami ; 
tnnoshiml ; goralcu (ji5l?J?) ; yilgi (jE 

places of , a.iohi-ba ; yugi-ba 

to cause , oinjslurogaraseru. 

Amusing', ft. (pleasing) omoshiroi ; 
kyomi (^^) no am ; (slightly ridi- 
culous) okashii. 

Anabaptist, n. saisento (FfHfcii)- 
Anaemia, n. hinketsubyo Olfil^) ; 

Anaemic, a. hinketsmho (^iflLli) no; 
chi no ke no usui ; chi no fusoku (/jfC 
M,) na ; ketsueki-ketsubo (lfllf&^2) 

Ana;stliesia, n. masui (jfitfif). 

to be in a state of , nvisui s. 

Anaesthetic, n. mayaku iffKJS^); 

mastd-zai (M^M) J nemuri-gxtsuri. 
Analects, n, (of Confucius) rongo 

Analogical, a. miji (jg(£() 710; 
dokei (I^J^) no. 

Analogicallj', adv. ruiji ni'; dokei 

Analogous, a. niyori no ; nikayotta ; 
ruiji no ; doyo (f^f^g) no. 
to be , ruiji s. 

Analogously, adv. onaji yo ni; 
niyotte ; nilcayotte. 

Analogy, n. ruiji; dokei; (literary) 
dogorui (I^HSHi). 

forced ,fukwai (Pf}#). 

there is no between the 

cases, kono jiken (S^f^f) wa suko- 
shi mo 7'uiji 710 ten ga nai. 

Analysis, n. bunkai (^B?) ; (chemi- 
cal) hunxeki (^^) ; (logic) suigen 
(li^J ; (table) bunsekihyo (^^^'). 

Analytical, a. (fig.) suigen no; 
suikyu (M^) »o ; (lit-) bunkai 710 ; 
bunseki no. 

Analytically, adv. suigen shite; 
.^uikyii shite ; bunkai shite ; bun.ieki 

Analyze, t.v. (fig.) suikyu s ; senji- 
tsumeru ; (lit.) bunkai s ; bunseki (^ 
^) .9 ; kaiseki (iR^) s. 

Anarchical, a. ransei (H^) no ; 

museifu (litt^/^) no ; museifu-teki (to 

^m-]) (no). 
Anarchist, n. 7nuseifuio-in (tej^/j^ 

s, museifuto. 

Anarchist, a party, musei- 

Anarchy, n. museifu (fUl&Hf) I ^o- 
kuran (^gL) ; ransei (ILi^). 
a country in a state of , 

rangoku (8L@). 

Anasarca, n. suiki (rlcfl) ; (early 
stage of) mukumi. 

Anatomical, a. kaibojutsu (WSlJJfi) 
no ; kaihogaku (^'4p\-^) no. 

Anatomically, adv. kaibognku de ; 
kaibojutsu de ; kaibb de. 

Anatomist, n. kaibbsha (W nflj^) J 
kaitaigakvsha (W-IMJ'©^). 

Anatomy, n. (practical) kaibb ; kai- 
bojutsu (f^^\^); (science of) kaibb- 

Anatomize, t.v, kaibb s. 
Ancestor, n. .senzo (^JH) ; soscn 
(*a*) ; t sosb (iL^). 
worship, sosen-reihai (iB.:}fe 


festival in honour of the Im- 
perial s, (fuitumn) shuki-ko- 

reisai (ifi^p..^!^) ; (spring) s/uoi- 
Ui-kbreisai (^^UM.^)- 
Ancestral, a. (derived from ances- 
tors) senzo-yudzuri «o ; .senzo yori 
tsutawatta; denrai (RJJK) no: (per- 
taining to ancestors) senzo (M;|fi) no ; 
sosen (H^) no. 


[ 41 ] 


Ancestry, n. (good birth) iegara ; 
mombatsu (P^H) ; (lineage) keito (jfiL 
Jft) ; keidzu (^^). 

Anehoi*, n. ikari. 

to cast , ikari zvo orosu; to- 

%o (jagS) s. 

to lie at , kakaite i-ru ; tei- 

Jiaku (^vfl) shite oru. 

to weig-h , ikari ico age-ru; 

batsubyo (J$^) s. 

Anclior, t.v. ikari ico orosu ; tobyb s. 
to , ... at, ni/tobyo s; ni/teihaku 
s ; ni/kakarii. 
to be ed, kakatte i-ru. 

Aiiclioragfc, n. kakari-ba ; teihakvjo 


dues, teihakuzei (®vA^) ; 

ieihakuri/o (^ti'^)- 
Anchorite, n. infonja (^iS^g-). 
Anclivlosi.s, n. ktcansetsit-kochaku 


Ancient, a. mukashi no ; inishie no ; 
koseki (■fi"-a) no ; oko (•ffi'S") no. 

and modern times, kokon 

( t^TT*) ; ^'^« "i'^ mukashi mo ; kon- 

from, times, korai (iS"^) ; 

mukashi kara. 

in times, mukashi ica. 

songs and modern, kokin- 


very , o-mukashi no. 

very times, taiko (;^'fi")- 

Ancient, n. knjin (S'A); mukashi 
no hiio. 

the s, kojin. 

Anciently, ndv. mukashi tea ; ini- 
shie ica ; koseki ni ; oko 7ii. 

And, conj. The conjunction between 
two olai;ses of a, sentence is expr. by 
platting the verb of the first clause 
in the gerundial form ; as, 

open a bottle bring- it 

here, tokkuri ico akete motte koi ; 
but if the two verbs are disconnected 
in thought, .so shite (so doing) is 
inserted after the gerund at the end 
of the first clause. 

The conjunction of two or more 
nouns is expr. by placing to after 
each, in cases where the nouns are 
commonly associated ; as. 

hat umbrella, boshi (If^J-) 

to komori to, 
but the last to is frequently omitted. 
"When not usually associated ni i^ 
used instead of to after all but the 
last noun. 

The conjunction of two adjectives is 
expr. variously ; as, 

a short fat man, sei no 

hikuifutoita otoko. 

cheap durable, yastikuie 

jobu na. 

he is utterly lazy use- 
less, kata de dajaku (tflll) de shiyb 

no nai otoko da. 

long slender, hoso-nagai. 

there are both g-reen red 

ones, aoi no mo am shi, akai no 

mo aru. 
The conjunction of gerands is expr. 
by the frequentative form ; as, 

rising- falling-, agattari 

The repetition of" gerunds is expr. 
by doubling the indef. form and 
adding sh'de ; as, 

buying buying-, kai-kai 


walking -walking, aruki- 

aruki shite. 
So shite and sore ni are iised for 
at the beginning of a sent- 

is sometimes represented by 

the simple juxtaposition of words ; 

incense flo-wers, ko hana. 

wine fish, sake sakana. 

Narabi ni and oyohi are formal 
expressions for 

Andrew, n. Andere. 

Andromeda japonica, nsebi; 

Anecdote, n. hanas'hi ; kidan (^ 
n^) ; monogatari ; (of a person no 
longer living) itsuica (jgU). 

Anemometer, n. furyokkei (^-f} 

Anemone, n. okina-gusa. 
Aneroi<l l>aroineter, jn«eA-t-/te*i- 


[ 42 ] 


Aneurism, n. (serious) ddmyalcxtryii 

(fJill'is^) ; (^ligtt) chikobu. 
Anew, adv. araia ni ; sara ni ; (a 

second time) fiitaiahi. 

to notify , fure-naosu. 

Augrel, n. iennin (55 A) ; iennyo (^ 

it:) ; (Christian) ienshi (^^) ; ien- 


Angrelica jai>oiiiea, shisJU-^do ; 
(a. kinsiana)«s/i i<a6a. 

Ang^ei", n. ikari ; haradachi ; rippu- 

ic^ (iim) ; doki (Sii). 

great , o-haradachi ; dai-rip- 

puku (-kALW- 

in a moment of , Utan ( — 

jl) no haradarhi-mri'i'ire ni. 
Anger, t.v. rippuku sase-rti ; okora- 
se-nt ; ikaraseru ; ni/hara ico tata- 

Angina pectoris, muna-itami ; 

kyotsu (B^JflS). 

Angle, n. (degree of inclination of a 
slope) kakudo (ftg) ; kohai [^fR) ; 
(from the inside) sumi ; (from the 
otatside) kado ; (in geometry) kalcu 

acute , eikak^i (Jftft). 

of deflection, hen-i-kak^t ((g 


of depression, fttkak^i (^ 


of elevation, gyokaku (flp 


of fire, shakaku (^ft). 

of incidence, kwosenkaku 

of reflection, hanshakaku 

(KMny. kicaikaku (fejft). 

of refraction, sekktcoknk-u 

(^^ft); kiissetsukaku ()gtffft)- 

exterior , gicaikahm (?hft). 

interior , naikaku (l^ft). 

obtuse , donkakn (l^ft). 

one , ikkaku (—ft). 

opposite , taikaku (ftft)- 

re-entering , okakii (IHJft). 

salient , tokkaku ({^h)- 

Angle, i.v. tsuri ICO s ; sakana tco 
to for, tco/tsuru. 

Angler, n. uo-isuri; tsitrlie; (fish) 

Anglican, a and American 

i£piscopaliau Church, Nippon- 
Seikokirai ( A^m^t)- 

Angling, n. t.ruri. 

Anglo- Japanese, a. Nichi-Eino. 
alliance, Nichi-Ei-domei 


Angrily, adv. haradachi-so ni ; oko- 
ri-so ni ; okotte ; hara ico iatte ; 
pinnpun shite. 
Angry, a. okotta ; hara uo tatta ; 
rippuku (^LJiS.) *'"'« oru. 

to become , okoru; rippuku 

s ; ikaru ; wa]hara ga tatsu ; (of a 
sore) iadareru. 

to make ....... okorase-ru; rippu- 
ku saseru ; ikaraseru ; hara tco 
you are quite right in being 

, go rippuku u:a go mottomo 


Angular, a. kado-datta ; kado no 

aru ; kadobatta. 

Angularity, n. (of temper) gicanico 
(i^lQ) ; gwanko (i^SI) ; kadobatle iru 

Anhydrous, a. musui (*4^) no. 
Aniline dyes, anirin-senryd. 
Animadversion, n. hinan (#S^) ; 
kenseki (3[ J) ; kitsunan (tiMi)- 

Animadvert, i.v. to upon, 

(censure), hinan (^W^) s ; kenseki 
Oft) * ; togameru ; semera ; ki- 
tsunan (151^) s. 
Animal, n. (a living creatnre) do- 
butsu (fM^); (birds and beasts) 
kinJH (l^iK): (quadruped) kedaniow) ; 
ehikusho (i^tfe) ; kemono. 

s, chikurui {^M)- 

domestic , kachiku (l^ff). 

wad , yaju(m^)- 

Animal, a. (as opposed to intel- 
lectual) jus/tin (il{»t») no. 

charcoal, jt'dan (K^). 

courage, kekki no yd (iflL^ 


desires, j«i/ofcw (StSS)- 

fluids, dobutsueki (t/i4i)fft). 

food, nVcushoku (\^'^). 

heat, iaion (j^jfl). 

ANI [ 43 J 

kingdom, dobutsukai (fjj^ 

5f); dobutsumon (WlWi)- 
spirits, kekki (ifii^)- 

Animalcule, n. saishd-dobidsu (J 
^hM^lf}) ; -ihodobutsu ('J^fjl4^). 


Animate, t.v. (give life to) nijtayna- 
shil ICO ire-ru ; Ucase-ru ; (stimulate) 
ni/kiryok'u {M.^}) ^fo tsuke-ru; nij 
seiki (t^ifii) ICO tsuke-ru ; fiajeinasu. 

to be d by, ico/fukunm ; wo/ 


Animate, a. ikita ; seiki (feifiia.) no 
aru; in compounds kwatsudd-[^^). 

Animated, a. (of places, etc.) nigi- 
yaka na. 

photographs, kwaisudo- 

shashin {fSWl^^)- 

Animation, n. kwaisudo. 

wanting in , kicakkl {fSM.) 

no imi. 

Animosity, n. enkon (^tS) ? vrami ; 



n. akui (MM) '> urami ; 

Ankle, n. ashikubi. 

bone, kurobushl. 

joint, kwakicansefsu (^§% 


Ankylosis, n. kicansetsu-kochaku 

Annalist, n. hennen-kisha (H^fE 

:^) ; nemlai-rekishika (^'f^^it^)- 

Annals, n. neiulaiki (fp-f^tfE) ; reki- 

Anneal, t.v. ni/yaki ico modosu ; 
(earthenware) yaku. 

Annex, t.v. (subjoin, as an enclo- 
sure, etc.) soe-ru; fudzui (PffgS) s ; 
(territory) heidon (f^^) s ; awase-ru ; 
gappei (^-ftf-) s. 

Annexation, n. (of territory) hei- 
don ; gappei. 

Annexe, n. (of hotel) shinkwan 
(^lot) [li<^- new building] ; hanareya ; 
fvzokuya (Wi^W.) ', iatemashi [an 
annexe attached to the main build- 

Annexed, p.p. soeta ; fnzoku (!^^) 

documents , fudmi-shorid 


Annihilate, t,v. messuru ; htrro- 
bosu ; metsubo (iSt) saseru ; sozetsu 
(i!|j^) s ; mina/joroshi ni s ; neda- 
yashi s. 

to be d, zemmetsu (^iSs^) .v; 

danzelsu (gHlg) s ; jakumetsu C^j^S) 
s [a Buddhistic expression]. 

Anniliilation, n. (destruction, ruin) 

metsubo ; zemmetsu ; zetsumetsu (jjg 
j^) ; sozetsu ; nedayashi ; (extinc- 
tion of being) jakumetsu. 

Anniversary, n, kinembi (^■g; H ) ; 
iwaibi; (birthday) ianjbbl (=^^0); 
(festival) shunensai {}^^¥-^) ', (of a 
death) meinichi (^Q ) ; shotsuki-tnei- 
nicltt (j#.^^H); (of the Emperor 
of Japan) tenchosetsu (5^;^g0)- 

first , ichinenki; (of a d^th) 

isshuki ( — 'M^.)- 

third (of a death), sanne.iki 

(H<p;g;) ; .tankwaiki (H|HI/&,)- 

Annotate, t.v, nijcMkai (glj?) s\ 
ni/bochu (^^) wo fu s ; nijchu- 
shaku (^J^) wo kuwae-ru ; (with 
kana) bokun (t??PI) «■ 

d, chushaku—(no) ; chushaku 

no tsuiia ; chushaku no haitta. 

Annotation, n. chukai ; bochu ; 
chushaku ; kogi (sjljig) ; {kana) bo- 

Annotator, n. chushakusha (|£f^ 
^) ; chi'dcaisha ; bochusha. 

Announce, t.v, (an appointment, 
marriage, etc.) hiro (WE&) ■">" .' (inform 
of) tsuge-ru ; shiraseru ; tsuchi (3i I3 ) 
s; fvicho (?k®) s; (officially) kokuji, 
iar^) ^ > ( publicly )/u/co/at (^^) s ; 
fco/« (S^tl)) s ', kokoku {^^) s; (re- 
port) hokoku (^^-) s. 

Announcement, n. kochi (^.^) ; 
sata ; fuicho ; (of an apix)intment, 
marriage, etc.) hiro ; (official) kokvji ; 
(piiblic) kbkoku ; kofu ; kbgen ; kbh^ 

(&$£)• ^ 

preliminary , yokcku (VR 


[ 44 ] ANO 

Annoy, t.v. (cause inconvenience to) 
komaraseni ; icadzuraicasu ; k^tru- 
shimeru ; nayamasu ; ni/meiicaku (^ 
^) ICO kake-ru ; meiicaku saseru ; 
(tease) Ijbneru. 
to get ed, jlre-komu. 

Annoyance, n. meiwakii ; hanro (t^ 
^); konku (B"^) ; kuno (^ISf) ; 

Annoyingr, a. urvsal; ineivld (MiM) 
na ; komafta ; meiwaku na ; wadzit- 
rairashii ; hanro na ; kurushii. 

Annoyingrly, adv. ■umsaku ; mendb 
ni ; mehcaku 7ii ; hanro nl ; rcadzu- 

Annual, a. nennen (^ ^ ) no ; relnen 
(WP) no; toshi-nami no; ma'inen 
(%if-) no ; toshi-doshi no ', (lasting a 
season) ikkisel ( — ^ife.) no ; (lasting 
a year) toshi-<ioto no ; ichinen-tei (— 
^S) "0 ; (performed in a year) ichi- 
nen-kan (— ^|g]) no. 

expenditure, salshutsu (^ 


expenses, nempi (^ft). 

payments, neinptt (^St). 

salary, nempd (if-f^). 

trade report, shogyo-nempo 

to make payments, nempu 

ICO harau. 

Annual, n. toshigare-sb ; (book or 
report appearing annually) nempo. 

Annually, adv. nennen ni ; toshi-goto 
ni ; toshi-nami ni ; mainen ; maido- 
shi ; toshi-doshi 7ii ; saisai (^-^ ). 

gets larger, toshi-mashi ni 

okiku nam. 

Annuitant, n. nenkin-juryosha (fe 

Annuity, n. nenkin (^^). 

for a term of years, yugen- 

nenkin {^R^^). 

for life, shfishin-nenkin (|5^ 


deferred , sueoki-nenkin. 

Annul, t.v. (abolish) haishi (git) s ; 

hai .9 ; iori-kesu ; (a judgment) haki 

(^M) s ; (an order) tori-kesu ; (as, a 

power of attorney) muko (tet^l!)) ni s. 

the contract was ....." led, ya- 

kvjd ($^^) wa hadan ?u natta. 

to a contract, yakujb too 

Jiadan (l^Wi) * > kaiyaku (Wl?l) s. 

Annular, a. ica-iuiri no ; marui ; 
kuruma-nari no ; sharin-nari no ; ica- 

gata no. 

eclipse, kinkwanshoku {^^ 

Annulment, n. tori-ke/shl ; Juiishi. 

Annum, per , nen (i^) ni, 

ten per cent, per , nen ni 


twelve per cent, per , t^n 

ichiicari ni bu ; tsiiki ichi bu. 

Annunciation, n (Ang.) mi-tsuge^ 

Anodyne, n. chintstlz/ii (SJ^IPI)- 
Anoint, t.v. (with oil) woiabura de 
nuru ; ejabura ico num. 

Anomalous, a. kdku ni hftdzureta; 
hakakii (^1^) no ; hb-lmdzure no ; 
ushiki (^^) no; fitkisoku (^j^RlJ) 
710 ; hensokideki (©RlJ(i<I) no. 

state of things, heniai (H 

Anomalously, adv. kaku ni hadzu- 
rete ; ho-hadzure ni ; fukisokv ni ; 
hakak^i ni ; hensokii ni. 

Anomaly, n. hbluidzxire; hensoku 

mm ; kikican (gJJR). 
Anon, adv. otf.suke ; iadaima. 
Anonymous, a. mvmei 4*^) no; 
tokumei (g^fe) no. 

association, tokwnei-kiani- 

ai (B**a^) [Com. Co.]. 

letter, tokumei no shojo (g 

Anonymously, adv. mumei de; to- 
kumei de. 

Another, a. (in exchange) katcari 
no ; (not the same) fioka no ; betsv 
no; ta TU) ; ima hitotsu no. 

day, gonichi (^ H ) ; (at some 

.future date) iajitsu ((UiH); mata 
no Ji'i. 

person, hoka no hiio ; bets^i- 

jin (3!) A); yonin (IfeA) ; (as dis- 
tinguished from one's self) yoso 
no hito ; ta no hito ; hllo ; as, do 

not to person what you 

would not have done to your- 


[ 45 ] 


self, onore no hossemru tokoro hito 
ni hodokosu koto nakare [prov.]. 

one, (in addition) hoka nl 

hitotsu ; im hitofsn ; (in exchange) 

mo hitotsu no ; hoka no. 

time, qoshife ; gokokti (^ 


one , al-tagaino. 

one after , dandan ( P$ * ) ?u ; 

jitnjun (^<i) ni; hitori-bitori ni ; 

Answer, n. henjl (Jg^) ; hento (iS 
i^) ; kotae ; aisatsu ; (to a letter) 
kwaito ([H]^) ; henkan (S^) ; hen- 
sho (igU); (in law) toben (^^) ; 
tbbensho (#^g) [Cr. Pro., Civ. Pro.] 

definite , kakuto (fii^). 

immediate , solcxdb (ip^). 

Answer, t.v. kotae-ru ; ni/henji 
ica s. 

to the purpose, (in default 

of a better) ma 7ii au ; (properly) 
tekitb (ii^) ,9. 

Answer, i.v. henjl wo s ; henid s ; 

aisatsu s ; kotae-ru ; o henji ico s ; 

o kotae s [the two last polite] ; (by 

letter) kwaito s. 
to back again (of a ser- 
vant), kuchi-hento s ; kuchi-gotae 
wo s. 

to for, (be responsible for) 

uke-au ; nojseme wo ou ; hosho 

to for it, idceau. 

Answerable, a. (capable of being 
answered) kotae no dekiru ; henji no 
dekiru ; hento no dekiru. 

to be for, no/seme ni ataru, 

or ninji-ru. 

to be to, ni taishite/selcinin 

(Kffi) f/« aru. 

to hold one's self for, hiki- 


who is for that P sore wa 

dare no ukemochi, or sekinin, da 

[of a duty]. 

Ant, n. ari. 

white , ha-ari. 

Antagonist, n. aite ; iekishu (Sg[ 
^) ; (enemy) telci ; (enemy of long 
standing) kyfdeki (M®) ; ad<t ; ka- 

Antagonistic, a. tekitai 
hantai no. 

to be (fig)» sakarau. 

to become , teki 7ii naru. 

Antagonism, n. teiko (igj/i) ; han- 
■ tai (^3tt) ; (between nations) teki- 
gaishiu (M'^)- 

no I 

Antarctic, a. nankyoku (^S) no. 

circle, nankyokken (\^1ii^). 

ocean, nankyokuyo (^®f(^) ; 

nampyokai ( j^?};/^ ). 
pole, nankyoku. 

Antecedent, a. mae no ; izen (J!^M) 
no ; zen no. 

Antecedent, n. (gram.) senkdji {^ 

Antecedents, n. senrei {^Wi)', 

(life history) raireki (jRg) ; rireki 

{MM) ; sujo (mm ; (of a servant) 

Antedate, t.v. nijisuki-hl wo yold 
(l^aE) *'"^e o'^m; no/hidzuke ico kiin- 
agete kaku. 

Antediluvian, a. daikodzui-zen (^ 

mvm) no. 

Antelope, n. sheep-faced , 


Antennae, n. tsuno ; shokumb (|9 

^); shokkaku (fS^ffi). 
Anterior, a. (of place) mae no ; (of 

time) mae no ; izen (Jj^flS) no ; zen ( J3) 

no ; saki no. 

Anteroom, n. bsetsujo (iS^^^); 
machi'ti-shitsu ; soto no mi; (in the 
Imp. Household Dept.) tdmari no ma. 

Antliem, n. (hymn) sambihi. 

national , kokka (^SK). 

[The Japanese national anthem 
is known as " Kimi-ga-yo," the 
British as " Ilimune "]. 

Anther, n. oshibe no atama. 

Ant-liill, n. aridzuka ; ari no to 


Anthology, n. (Chinese) shUcushu 
(W^%) ' (Japanese) icakashu (iffl^ 
^) ; (poems, etc.) kakushu (S^fej^). 

Anthrax, n. taiisonetsu (^at;^)- 


[ 4G ] 


Anthropologrical, a. jinruigaku 
no ; jinseigaku no. 

society, jinruigakkwai (A15 


AutliroiJOlogy, n, jim-uigaku ( K% 
^) : jinseigaku ( K'&.^)- 

Anthropomorphous, a. /i.inii (A 
^) no ; hito ni rui shiia. 

Anthropomorphism, n. skinjin- 
dokei-sctsu (ffAti^?^^). 

Anti-, usually expr. by hi (^), or 
hantai (S^) ; as. 

government party, seifu- 

hantai-to (AHfl^'^M)- 

Semitic party, hi-Yudai/a- 

jin-io mmkAM)- 

Anticipate, t.v. (act before another) 
semhen (ife*^) tea tsuke-ru ; ni/sen ico 
kosu ; (expect) matsu ; machi-ulce-ru ; 
(foresee) senken (Jfe^) s ; mae kara 
shim ; mi-tosu ; (take before another, 
or before the proper time) saki-dori 
.9 ; mUcoshi rco isuke-ru ; (think be- 
forehand) yo.w (^]g) s ; yoki (Bfe©3) 
to te d, sen wo kosaseru. 

Anticipated, a. yoki no. 

Anticipatory, a. mikoshi no. 

importation (in expecta- 
tion of increased duties), mikoshi- 

Anticipation, n. .lenken ; yoso ; yo- 
ki ; yoryb (9k)|S^). [See Anticipate 
for different meanings]. 

in , mae-motte ; mae kara ; 


in of, wo mikonde. 

Antidote, n. gedokuzai (I5?^IH) 5 

Antifebrile, n. netsu-samashi ; 

gcneisuzai (li?t*j^J) ; kunetsuzai (ffiJJ* 

Anti-foreign, a. haigwaiteki (^jfi' 

ft^) no. 

Anti-grovernment, a. seifu-hantai 

{i*ff Kit) no. 
Autinomianism, n. jiritsu-liaHian- 


Antimony, n. *. 

Antipathy, n, ken-o (^.g) ; kenki 
(i?-g*.) ; en-o ()R^.) ; aku-kanfr (;g,^ 
f^-) ; (unreasonable) ke-girai. 

cats and dogs have an to 

one another, inu to neko to wa 
shb (fi) ga aicanai. 

I have an to that, are wa 

icatakushi ga dai kirai da. 

personal j(unreasonable), 

jlihbutsic ( A4I5) no ke-girai. 

Antiphlog:istic, n. hbldnyaku (gg 

Antipodes, n. hantai-hankyu (BLM 
45 ]^) no shokoku (^®). 

Antipyretic, a chinnetsu (^jft) no ; 
shbiietsu (f|53^) no; netsu-samashi 
no ; (i^^^) no. 

Antipyrine, n. * ($^i:.^). 

Antiquarian, n. kobutsuka (fi'!}^ 
^) ; kobutsugakusha (l^Hi^^^) ; 

kbkoka m-^^). 

Antiquarian, a. kbkogaJiu-teki (jjf 
*^/iO<]) no. 

Antiquated, a. sulatta ; Juru- 
mekkashii; furukkusai; ko/i'i (^R) 
na ; ryukb ( (jftfr) ni okureta ; chimpu 

Antique, a. kofa (S'M.) na. 

Antiquity, n. (ancient times) 
mukashi ; inlshie ; kodai ('^f^) ; bseki 
{!:"«) ", (an old article) kobuisu ("fi" 

Antiqtiities, n. (ancient remains) 

koseki (-g-lfg). 
Anti-scorbutic, n. kwaiketsubyo 

{^^fH) tcofusegu ai-gusuri. 
Antiseptic, a. fuh<ii (ifRJc) 100 

fusegu ; latsari xco fusegu ; hnfu (gg 


Antiseptic, n, hofuyaku (K)iS^); 

bbfuzai mmm)- 

Antithesis, n. (opposite) hantai (g 
^f); (spoken) isuigo (^s5\ ; (written) 
tsuiku (Si6]). 

Antithetical, a. hantai iu> ; tsuigo 
no ; tsuikuieln {fi^6^) no ; tsuilcu no. 

Antithetically, adv. hantai ni; 
tsuigo ni ; tsuiku ni ; tsuikuteici ni. 


[ 47 ] 


Anti-trade, n. hantai-boekifa {5Clt 

Antler, n. nuita ; nmtadzuno ; (of a 
deer) tsuno ; rokkaku (^^). 

Anus, n, komon (3lP5) ; sWri no 
a«a ; karamete [viilg.]. 

Anvil, n. kanashiki. 

Anxiety, n. ke-nen (igl.-f;) ; shimpai 
('t>RC) ; fu-anshm (:^^,C<) ; yuryo 
(©[i) ; kokorodzukai ; (desire) setsu- 
ho( ^]%); (subject for anxiety) kurb 

about the future, iorikoshi- 


to live in a state of constant 

, anji-kurasu. 

Anxious, a. (causing anxiety) kidzxi- 

I was very about you, 

bk'i, ni anji moshita. 

to be , shimpai s; anjiru; 

ke liens; fuan (^^) no omoi ico 
s ; kxiro s ; kidzvkai ni omou ; 
ki wo momu. 

to be about, ki ninaru['E. 

obj. -J- J. subj.] ; ico/ki 7ii kake- 

to be about the future, 

sue-zue ico anji-ru ; saki-zaki ico 

to feel , fuan no omoi too s. 

you must be very , sazo 

go shimpai de gozaimashd. 

Anxiously, adv. shimpai shite ; ki ni 

shite ; anjite ; ki n;o monde. 

to ask , shimpui-so ni kiku. 

Any, a, (an indefinite number) ikutsu 
. ka ; (an indefinite quantity) Vcura 

ka ; (any kind of) donnct de mo ; 

(of whatever kind or quantity) sukoshi 

de mo ; chitto de mo. 

In an intcrrog. sentence is 

generally untranslated ; as, 
are there ? aim ka ; (mean- 
ing any left) mada aru ka. 

time, itsu de mo. 

way w ill do, do de ma yoi. 

are you better ? sukoshi tea 

o kokoroyoi ho de gozaimasu ka. 
in case (only at the begin- 
ning of a sentence), nani shlro ; 
dono michi. 

it is not of consequence, 

taishita koto de tea nai. 

not more, mo nai. 

without more ado, kare 

kore iicadzu ni. 

Anybody, pron. dare de mo. 

Anyho^v, adv. (at all events) dose ; 
sore wa tomo are ; nani shite mo ; (in 
any way) do de mo ; (whatever hap- 
l>ens) zeld tomo ; nani ni yoradzu. 

that won't do , do shite mo 


Anytliing", pron. nan de mo. 

will do, nan de mo yoi. 

have you more to say ? 

mada ossharu koto ga gozai- 
inasu ka [pol.]. 

it is but cheap, yasui 

dokoro de tea rial. 

to say that comes into 

one's head, deho-lai teo iu ; 
detarame wo in. 

Anywhere, adv. doko de mo ; doko 
ni mo ; (motion to) doko e de mo. 

Aorta, n. daidomyaku {'/<t'J'.M)- 
A outrance, aku made. 
Apace, adv. sumiyaka ni ; kyu ni ; 
kyusoku (;%iii) ni ; zunzun. 

Apart, adv. betsu-hetsti ni ; rrakete ; 
hanasldte ; ko-ko ni. 

from the question of, ica 

tomo are ; too sate oite ; as, 

from the question of 

capacity he is too old to serve, 
riko (^IJP) to haka wa tomo are, 
or giryo (^fp^) wo sate oite, anna 
ioshiyori de ica toiemo tsidomara- 

to be , Jianareie ora. 

to be far , kake-hanarete oru. 

to blow , fuki-h'UMSu. 

to place , wnkt'te oku. 

to pull , hiki-hamisu. 

Apartment, n. ma ; zashiki. 

s, (in an inn) ryoshiiku (JfJ 

?g) ; (lodgings) geshnku ( H^). 

Apathetic, a. mujb no ; reitan no ; 

aiso no tuti ; (physically) shiiiJcei (iC» 

fit) no chidon (j^|4) "«• 
Apathetically, adv. mujo ni ; reitan 


[ 48 ] 


Apathy, n. mujo {M\n) J reitan (?§• 

Ape, n. sunt ; (wild) yaen (if Ja) ; 

Ape, t.v. ico/mane-ni ; no/mane tco s. 

Aperient, n. gezai (Tffl)j kxtdashi- 

gentle , isfiji-gusuri ; keisha- 

z'^ii mi^m) ; Icicangezai (I^Tffi). 

Apertiir<', n. (hole) ana ; kuchi ; 
(opening) suki-via. 

Apex, n. ieppen ; chojo (8(-fc.) ; zetcho 
(121^) ; (of a small object) saki. 

of the lung's, hal (^) no 

senttin (^j!jg). 

Aphasia, n. gemjo-fudmi (WfS'^K) ; 
- gengo-fntsu (iflS^ifi)- 

Aphelion, n. enjitsiUen (xSBSJIi); 
tfiiyo (is:^) yori no saienten (§ilii). 

Aphorism, u. kakugen (^n) ; kin- 
gen (^W) [lit- golden saying]. 

Aphrodisiac, n. saiinyaku (Jgig 
ll) ; hojhtyaku (Iffi^lg) ; kyojinmi 

Aphtliae, n. gwakbso (SPilf)' 
Apiece, adv. dztitsu ; ate ; meimei (^ 
* ) ?ti ; t kakvji {^J^) ni. 

how many are there P 

hitori ate ikutsu dzutsu am ka. 

AiM)calypse, n. mokushiroku (^^^ 

AlMicryplia, n. *, 

Apogree, n. enjiten (^JfelA). 

Aimlogretic, a. bensotek-i (Jiig^iS^) no. 

to be , ayamatte oru ; kino- 

doktiso-na kao wo s. 

with an air, kinodoku-so ni. 

Apologize, i.v. ayamaru ; icabiru ; 
ii-icake s ; benkai (J^^) s ; o icabi wo 
■ mosu [hiimble]. 

Al>ology, n. wabi ; benkai ; ayamari ; 
ii-icake ; icabi-gofo ; moshi-wake. 

a mere for soup, shim to iu 

na bakan', na bakari no shim. 

a written , ayamari-jdmon ; 

shazaijd {^^^) ; wabijo. 

please accept my ies, go 

kamhen (K|]S9?) 'fo 7iegai7nasu. 

Al>oplectie, a. sotrhfi {^(p) no. 

Alioplexy, n. .lotchil {^fp); (cere- 
bral) no-sot chi't (SS^^tfJ); nb-ikketsu 

Apostacy, n. henshin (@.C^) ; k'lkyb 
mm ; reikyb (MUc). 

Apostate, n. henshinsha (tg.C'^) ; 
(from a party) dnttbsha (^'^^) ; 
(religious) haikyosh>i (f^$k^) '■ kikyb- 

AlH)Statize, i.v. henshin (@>t») s ", 
(from a faith) oshie wo sxderu ; shin- 
f^'o (faW) if'O sitte-ru ; (from a party) 
dattb s. 

A i>osteriori, kbten-teki ({^3^i^) 

Al>ostle, n. shilo (i^^) ; npostoro. 

AlK>thecary, n. kusxiri-yn ; seiyaku- 
.ih'i mW^)-^ yakMzaWii mm^) ■- 
balyakusha (g^^l*) ; chdzaisha (mfH 

Aimtheg'in, kakugen (,^'E)- 
AimtheosLs, n. kami ni matsuru 

Appall, t.v. gybten (V\i^) sase-m ; 

Appalling, a. osoi-oshii ; odoroku- 
beki ; gybten sitni hodo no. 

an accident happened 

yesterday on the Tokaido 
railway, Tbknldb (^ji^iS) senro 
(^<JS) de sakiijitsu [^\h) odoroku- 
beki jiken (^f^) g'( arimashita. 

Apparatus, n. dbgu {'MM:) ; kikai 
(2J^«); A?.'7u(gS^);s/iiA'aA-e. 
photographic , sha^hinki 

Api)arel, n. ifuka ( JcaU) ; imi (Jg 

M) ; 'i-Ao (jSc'^). 
Apparent, a. (evident) Jiakkiri to 
shita ; gen ni mieta ; hanzen (^]?-S) to 
shita ; me ni miefe iru ; meihakit (^g 
g ) j(a ; kenzen (ffi^) na. 

Heir , kicbtaishi {^jij^J-); 

o yotsugi. 


[ 49 ] 


Apparently, adv. usually expr. by 
yofu ni mie-ru, or to m'leru, placed 
after the verb ; as, 

to-day is a holiday, for 

all the public offices are shut, 
kxjo ua kyiijitsu (^W) to miete 
hoho {-}j « ) no yakusho (^^) ga 
shlmaiie oru. 
In conjunction with an adj., etc., it 
may be expr. by rashii ; as, 

so, sorashii. 

true, honiorashii. 

a person ...... blind, mekura- 

rash'd hlto. 

a person the captain, 

sencho (jjft^) (o oboshii hUo. 

at about 8 o'clock, hachiji 

to oboshii koro. 

is also occasionally expr. by 

mi/a tokoi'o ica ; mikake ica ; as, 

he was drunk but in 

reality sober, m'lta tokoro de ica 
yotle Imashiia ija jifsu wa yotte 

Apparition, n. lakemono ; yurei 

mm) ; yoicicai m%)- 

Appeal, i.v. jdso (.Vfih) ■''", (from 
Court of first instance) koso (^i^) s ; 
(from Cora't of second instance) 
jokoku (±,^) .s ; (from Customs, etc.) 
sogv:an (§^B) s. 

it does not to me (is not to 

my taste), Kafakushi ni tea muka- 
nai ; vatakushi ni wa kanshin (^ 
jt\) shlnai. 

to to (have recourse to, com- 
plain to), ni/uttae-ru. 

to to arms, kxinkica (T^) 

ni uttae-ni. 

to to charity, jizen(^^^) 

ni ufiae-ru. 

to to force, icanryoku (I^/j) 

ni v.ttae-ru. 

Appeal, n, (from a judgment, in 
first instance) koso (JJE'f) [Cr. Pro.] ; 
(in second instance) jokoJcu (Ji-§-) 
[Cr. Pro.] ; (from a ruling) kokoku 
(in.^) [<^'r. Pro.]; (general) joso (±. 

^H Wi) ; (to a superior dept.) soyican (g^ 

^m l^g) [esp. fi'om the Customs to the 

^H Treasury]. 

^H petition of , ko.s-ojo (i^l^llA ) ; 

^H kdso-mdshifalesho (^E/ffHit^) J 

jokoku-moshiiatesJio ( i^-ljJ j/1^) 
[Cr. Pro.] ; (from the Customs) so- 

gwansho (l/jSI^). 

Appear, i.v. (become visible) 
araicareru ; (before any public 
authority) shutto (fijfi^) s ; (in an- 
swer to a summons, before a Court) 
shuttei (Jtl-^) .5 ; (seem) mie-i'u. 

a ghost ed, bakemono ya 

deta. ' ' 

a god s, kami ga skutsugen 

(tug) -v. 

it s to me, icatak^shi no 

omo^i ni wa ; ttatakushi ni ica 


so it s, so to niie-ni. 

Appearance, n. (likelihood) ydstt ; 
keshiki; moyo (^f$) ; (outbreak, of 
a disease) hassei (f^ife) ; (outward) 
gvMikican {^^) ; katachi ; mikake ; 
gicaiken (^^.H.) ; (personal) imri ; fa 

\SL) ; ffisai (B,m ; yobd mu) ; 

(state) yosu ; arlsama ; tei (ffk) ; 

kelkyo (jgrfil). 

outward (as opposed to in- 
ner reahty), gwaikican (J^hSJ). 

there is no of the rain 

ceasing, ame ga yamn yo na 
keshiki ica nai ; ame no yami-so 
na keshiki wa nai. 

to keep up s, gwaiken {^-^) 

wo tsiikwon ; (of persons in public 
positions) taimen (JfcjS ) tco tamotsu, 
or iji mi^) s. 

to make an (be ornamental), 

midaie ga aru. 

to put in an , kao-dashi wo s. 

[Followed by " of being " Mid an 

adj is expr. by so ni after 

the stem of the adj. ; as, with 

an of being glad, urejihi- 

so ni]. 

Appease, t.v. nadame-m; yaicarage- 
ru ; shidzu7ne-iii. 
to be d, wa]ki ga sumxc. 

Appellant, n, (from a judgment, 
in first instance) kosonin (fJ:|^ 
A) ; (in second instance) jokokii- 
nin ( Ji^A) ; (from a ruling) kokoku- 
nin (t/t^ A) ; (to a higher Dept. v. 
Appeal) sogwa)vniH {S)\MA)- 

Appellation, n. meisho (^ffi); fonae- 
kata ; myomokii ( ^ ^ ). 


[ 50 ] APP 

Append, t.v. aoeru ; tsukeru ; kuicae- 
ru ; 1»uika (ifi jljii) s. 

Appendage, n. soemono ; tsuki- 
mono ; fukabutsu ( PftJJn't%) ; fuzoku no 
mono; fuzoktihiii (l^lgnJ,); fuzoku- 
butsu (F(t»f^). 

iiseless , yokei (^3t) "^ 

mono ; zeibutsu (^!}^). 

Appendicitis, n. chfiyosuien (j^f^ 
Appendix, n. isuika (iSor.) ; furoku 

mm) ; zoho (turn)- 

vermiform , chuyosui (^t^ 


Appertain, i.v. to to, (belong 

by right) ni/zoku (^) s ; (relate to) 
nilktcankei 0^%) s. 

Appetite, n. shokuyok-u (^^) ; 
shokki (^M.). 
to have a ^ood ■ .. , shokiiji 
(^^) ga susumu ; shokki gn am. 

to have a poor , shoku ga 


Appetizing', a. olshi-so na ; xima-sb 

Appetizingly, adv. oishisb ni ; uma- 
so ni. 

A]>plaild, t.v. (by acclamation) kas- 
sni (ll{JjR) s ; (by clapping the hands) 
Jiakiishu (t]5^)"»; (commend) home- 
ru ; shosan (ffilff) s ; shobi CsCik) s. 

Applause, n. (acclamation) kassai ; 
(clagping of hands) hak-ushu ; (com- 
mendation) shobi ; shosan ; sambi 


great , dai-kassai (;;^llS^). 

to win , kassai tro halcu 


Api)le, n. ringo. 

Adam.'s , jwdo-bone; nodo- 

botoke ; nodo-dango. 

of the eye, hitomi. 

Appliance, n. dogu (3^). 

s, kigu {^M:)- 

Applicability, n. (of a mle) tekiyo 

(igffl) ; (suitability) tekito (ig-g). 
Applicable, a. tekiyo no dekiru ; 
atehamerarciii ; tekito 7ia. 

to be to, (appropriate) ni/ 

tekito s ; (as a mle) nijtekiyo s 
[ico after eqniv. of Eng. snbj.]. 

Applicant, n. negai-ie ; negni-nin ; 
(claimant) seikyiisha (if|^^) ; (for 
a post) kibosha (|&^^) ; shigtcansha 
(iuivSI^) ; (for a purchase) nozomi no 
mono ; o nozomi. no kata [polite] ; 
(for shares) mbshi-komi-nin ; bhoslia 
(^.^^•) ; (petitioner) shxitsugimn.'iha 
(fflSI#); shutsugvcannin (thlJSA): 
(to a Court of Law) ahinseinin (t{ll# 
A) ; moshitate-nin [Civ. Pro.] ; (to the 
Customs) shinkokusha (^^#). 

Application, n. (act of applying, as, 
of a mle) tekiyo (^m) ; (act of apply- 
ing, in a literal sense) tsukeru koto ; 
ham koto ; choyo (flfill) : f/io/u (|}£ft) ; 
(close study) benkyo (IJi5S) ; senshin 
(^•t») ; (petition) negai ; seigvxin (HI 
1^); shutsugican (ffljS); (petition, 
written) negai-sho ; gicansho ; seigican- 
sho ; shitsugicansho ; (proposal) Tnoshi- 
komi ; (request) .'seikyu (f^J^) ; tano- 
mi ; (to a Court of Law) shinsei ( $ f^) ; 
mbshitate [Cr. Pro.] ; (ditto, written) 
shinseisho (ifllSS) ; nwsldlate-sho. 
form, m/')shikomi-yoshi {^j^ 


medicine for external , 

giKiiyo-yaku (^ffllB). 

practical (of a science, etc.), 

oy5 (mm)- 

to make an , shutsugican s. 

wi'itten , negaisho; ,<seigican- 

«'*o (ISSSH) ; rnoshikomlsho. 
Applied, a. byd- (fgiB) (<io). 

chemistry, oyo-kwagaku 

mathematics, oyb-sanjutsu 

mechanics, oyo-kikaigaku 

tactics, oyo-senjutsu ()!*^ 

Apply, t.v. (as, ornamentation to a 
surface) tiodoknsu ; (carry out, rules, 
etc.) shikb (SSh)s; (pnt one thing 
to another) Uttke-i-u ; kuic<ie-ru ; (put 
to practical use) oyo s ; (refer as 
suitable to something) ate-hamerx : 
(stick in) ham ; (use for a particular 
purpose) shhjo (^)J\)s : tsukau. 


[ 51 ] 

to money (to a purpose), 

kane wo muke-ru. 

to (nUes) strictly, reiko 

(Eiff) s. 

to the mind, nen (;f:) wo 

ireru ; senshin (0it») s. 

Apply, i.v. (make application) vioshi- 

komu ; (petition) ne<jau ; iiegai-de-ru ; 

(of rules) ico]tekiyo (i^ffl) s [Civ. 

Pro.] [E. subj. -T- J. obj] ; (request) 

seikyu (g|^4<) s ; tanomu. 

to for, icojtanomu ; wo/seikyu 

(l^^)s; (to a Court) ivojshinsei 
( ffl i^) -5 ; icolmoshi-taie-ru [Civ. 

to to (a Court), nilshinsei 

( ^ 1^) .s. [The person applying is 
termed shhiseiniii (f^fHA)? the 
person aiiplied against hi-shi iiseinin 

Appoint, t.v. (fix) kime-ru ; (select 
for a duty) sennin (Hffi) s [Com. 
Co.] ; (to an office) ninjiru ; meijiru ; 
ii-tsuke-ru ; nimmel (ffip^) s. 

ed day, teijitsu (^W) ; yaku- 

soku shlta hi. 

to be ed, iirtsukerareru ; mei- 

zerareni ; ninzerare-ru ; nirnmei sare- 


Api>ointiiieiit, n. (act of) eqtiiv. of 
Appoint foil, by koto ; (arrange- 
ment with another) yakusojcu {V>}^) ', 
(office) yaku (^3:) ; shoku (^) ; (to an 
office) nimmel (ffip^) [Civ. Pro.]. 
and dismissal, 


the of Mr. A. as the Head 

of the Bureau of Woods and 
Forests is an act of gross 
favouritism, A. Kun ga sanrin- 
kyokuclio (tU^^;^) "i ninzerareta 
no wn b'l ni hempa ((i|ia@) no shochi 
(iSS) desu. 

to take up an , shunin 

(gfctt) « ; chakunbi (^ff:) s. 

Apportion, t.v. Iiaito (fits') s ; wari- 
tsuke-rii ; bumi)ai (^gjl) s ; bunyo 

ApiK)rtionineiit, n. humpai (^fit). 
Apposite, a, tekito (i^"^) na. 
Apiwsitely, adv. tekito ni. 
Appositeness, n. tekito. 


n. (gram.) dokaku 



Appraise, t.v. (estimate) mi-tsumo- 
ru ; (estimate value of) wo/mbumi s ; 
nojneuchi xcofumu ; ni/ne wo tsukeru ; 
wojhybka (ffig) s [Civ. Pro.]. 

Appraisement, n. hybka (ffjg) 
[Civ. Co.] ; nehuml ; neucid wo tsukeru 
koto ; (estimated value) hyokagaku 
iWMW ; kantei-kagaku (S^lgiS). 

Appraiser, n. hyokanin (^(gA); 
(official) kanteinin (^SA) [Civ. Co.]. 

chief (at Customs), kansa- 

kwa-cho (^m^h)- 

Appreciable, a. ikubun-ka )io. 

Appreciably, adv. Ikuhun-ka. 

Appreciate, t.v. (esteem highly) 
kampai {^M) s ; kanshln (^,.t')s; 
(estimate justly) neWmi s ; shinka 
(sEM) wo shim; (motives, etc.) 
ryosatsu (TM)s; sassuru; (recc^- 
nize) mi-tome-ru. 

Appreciate, i.v. (of price) toki 

Appreciation, n. equiv. of Appre- 
ciate foil, by koto ; (of price) toki. 

Appreciatively, adv. homete ; shb- 
san (^|g) shite. 

Appreciatory, a. hovisru ; in Chin- 
ese compounds san- (|g) ; as, 

criticism, sampyb (M?^)> 

kbhyb mm- 

Apprehend, t.v. (arrest) tsukamae- 
ru ; ho'xiku (H®) s ; iaiho (^fft) s ; 
kbin (^^\) s ; (fear) osore-ni ; kidzu- 
kmi ; kenen ( s ; (understand) 
mitome-ru ; rikai (3SW?-) * ; etoku 
(#(#)«; -"ifitom. 

it is ed that , (no) 

osore ga aru. 

Apprehension, n. (arrest) hobaku ; 
taiho ; kbin ; (faculty of) satori ; 
rikai-ryoku ; (fear) kidzukai ; shbnpai ; 
osore ; kenen ; kokorodzukai. 

Apprentice, n. sh'tgybbokbnin (Jfc^ 
^&^A) ; minarai [Civ. Co.] ; nenkibb- 
kbnin (Jj^^^S'A.) ; (of artisans) 
mlnarai-sei ; nenki-mono ; detchi ; totei 
(Jl^) ; (sea-faring) shilgyb-sei (jffc 


[ 52 ] 


s' school, totei-gakko (^^ 

-Apprentice, t.\. detchi-boko nidasu ; 
nenklboko ni dasu ; nenki (^^) ni 

Apprenticeship, n. sMgydbokd ; 

Approacll, i.v, (in place) chika-yoru ; 
isume-yoru ; sekkiii (g?2c) ^ '> (™ time) 
chika-^yorn ; semaite kii-ni ; seppaku 

the bird does not let me , 

tori ga yose-tsukenai. 

the time is ing, jijitmi (^ H ) 

ga seppaku shite oru ; rm saki ga 
mijikak-^i natta. 

Approach, t.v. (another Govt.) nij 
kbsho (^^) s ; nijkake-au ; (bring 
near) chikaku yoseru ; (come near) 
ejchikak-u yoru. 

to closely (of place), nij 

sekkin s. 

Approach, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Approach foU. by koto ; (of an 
attacking force, storm, etc.) shiirai 
(g5|5); (to a bridge) tamoio ; (way) 
tiairu michi. 

Api)roachability, n. (of a person) 
chikadzukiyasui koto. 

Approachable, a. (of a person) 

Approbation, n. (consent) tokusJihi 
m-t^); shoin (^51); ddi (^M) l 
(praise) shosan (K^)- 

Approbatory, a. equiv. of Approve 
used as adj. 

Appropriate, a. sod (ffijte) n« ; 
tekito (i^@) na ; soto (ffi^) na. 

Appropriate, t.v. (embezzle) tsiikai- 
komu ; (set apart to a purpose) nie- 
hame-ru ; senyii (MRl)-^ ', (take to one's 
self to the exclusion of others) jibun 
no ho e tori-ko7nu ; icnga mono to s. 
to public money to a pri- 
vate purpose, kwankin (1|"^) uo 
shiyd {fl,m) s. 

Appropriately, adv. tekitd ni ; soto 

ni ; sod ni. 

Appropriation, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Appropriate (t.v.) foil, by koto ; 
(embezzlement) tsukai-komi. 

Approve, t.v. yoshi to s ; ka (pj) to 
s ; (action taken) zenin {^^) s ; 
snnsei (^^) s ; saiyo (t5gffl)s; (a 
proposal) nijsando (^f^) s ; (consent) 
shochi {^j^)s; shodaku (^^) s ; 
(of a Sovereign) kano (j^Jft) s ; 
(officially) ninkn (fgnj) s ; konin 
(&§?.) s. 
I do not much (of some- 
one else's action), amari kanshin 
(.^'C') shinai. 
Appr«)val, n. shochi; shoin {^^\); 
shodaku ; san.'sei ; (of action) zenin 
(;&I2.) ; (of a Sovereign) kano ; 
(official) ninka (igpl)- 

Approximate, a. oyoso no ; iaigai 

numbers, gaisfi (<|tlt). 

Approximate, i.v. chikayoru. 

Approximation, n. chikayoru 
koto ; (of a calcuLation) gaisan (<|t^). 

Approximately, adv. chikaku ; 
oyoso ; (at a rough estimate) gaisan 
de ; zatto ; arakatn. 

Appurtenance, n. fuzokuhin (Pftii 
ni,) ifuzokubutsu (mM<iil) [Civ. Co.]. 

Apricot, n. anzu (^). 

April, n. shigwatsu (H.^) ; f udzuki. 

A priori, senten-teki (^Jz6^) ni. 

Apron, n. ■mae-kake ; mae-dare ; hiza- 
kake ; (of a gun) hibuta ; (worn by 
artisans) abnraya-san ; (worn by 
wrestlers) keshd-maicashi. 

waterproof (of rikisha), hiza- 


A proiw.s, (by the way) toki ni ; isui- 
de ni : (opportunely) yoi toki ni ; ko- 
kikicui lifi^f ) ni. 

that comes very , aitn kuchi 

ni botamochi no yd da [prov.]. 

Apt, a. (quick to learn) nomi-komi no 
hayni ; satori no yoi. 

to (prone to), foil, by a verb 

is usually expr. by yoku foU. by 
the indie, pres., by -yasui or -gachi 
suffixed to the indef. form, or by 
yaya mo sureba ; as, 


[ 53 ] 


he is to be anxious about 

trifles, ano hito wa yoku sasai 
(JK^B) na koto tco ki (^) ni kakeru 
into da. 

wa are all to make mis- 
takes, yo no naka no hUo-hlto wa 
mina ayamachi wo shi-gachi da. 

to break, koware-yasui. 

to is also expr. by the deside- 

rative form of the verb -tagaru ; 

to be to wither, yoku kare- 


Aptitude, n. iachi. 

that boy has a natural 

for mathematics, ano ko wa 
sanjutsu (I'JpRj) no tachi ga ii. 

Aquarium, n. suizokkwan (7jc]K^). 

AQUarius, n. (astron.) .shitsuhinkyU 

Aquatic, a, sidjii- 

dobidsii {/IcttfM^) ; suisei-dobutsu 

(7m fM))- 

bird, midzu-tori; sidcho 

plant, midzu-kusa ; suiso 


Aqueduct, n. suldo (;hiM). 

Aquilegia atro-purpurea, (colum- 
bine) odamaki. 

Aquiliue, a nose, kagi-hana; 


Arabesque, n. karakusa ; knra- 

Arable land, (cultivated land, not 
being paddy field) hatake ; hata ; 
hata-chi ; kbsakucM (JJtf^j|!i) : kochi. 
Aralia edulis, xido. 
Arbitrament, n. (as, of public 
opinion) se'isai ($lj^). 

to submit to the of war, 

ikusa no kekkwa (ifeV^) ni maka- 

Arbitrarily, adv. kimama ni ; kidzui 
{MJ^) "' ; katte ni ; lioshii-mama ni ; 
nin-i (16^.) ni ; jlmama ni ; (without 
consiilting others) sendan (UBS) 'it- 
Arbitrariness, n. ki-mama ; kidzui ; 
hoshii-mama ; nhi-i ; jimama ; sendan ; 
(of government) gyakusei (^^). 

Arbitrary, a. kimanut na ; Iddzui 
na ; kaite na ; jibun-gatie no ; doku- 
dan (flSBS) no. 

Arbitration, n. chusai (ftM)- 

award, chusai-kettei ; (writ- 
ten) chusai-ketteisho (f't'^^S^)- 
...... tribunal, chiisai-saiban (f«{« 


Arbitrator, n. ehusainin (f'f'^A). 
Arbour, n. chin ; adzumaya. 
wistaria , fuji-dana. 

Arc, n. (of a circle) kosen (JRIg) ; 
yumi-gata ; yumi-nari. 

Arch, n. yumi-nari ; (of greenery^ 
* ; ryokuinon ($^P5)- 
triumphal , gaisen-mon (H 

Archaeolog"ical, a. kobutsugaku- 

teki (-^Ht^^m (no). 
Archaeolog'ically, a. kohuisugaku- 

jo (de). 

Archaeologist, n. kobutsugakusha 


Arcliaeology, n. kobutsugaku ; 
kbkogaku (^-^m- 

Arcliaic, a word, kogo (-,5 

15) ; haigo O^if ). 
Archangel, n. tenshlchb (Jl{^^). 
Arclibishop, n. kantokueho (^'^ 
:^); (Buddhist) daisojo (/cf^iE); 
(Protestant) da;/M/»ioA:«( A' EV'&) ; shi- 
kiral-kantoku (Wi^^"^) ; (R.C.) cZat- 
shukyo (iz^m. 

Arched, a bridge, sori-hishi; 


two bridge, megane-bashi. 

Archer, n. He; shashu (M^)', 
(astron.) jlnibakyti ( A Ulsl') ; (pro- 
ficient) kyvjutsuka (^{6^). 
Archery, n. kytijutsu. 

ground, shajutsujo O-tWiiK); 

daikyuba (izH^); (for miniature 
') yaba ; yokjfilten (i^^!^). 

Arehii>eIago, n. gunto (g^g). 
Architect, n. kenchiku-shi (t^lfe 

gip) ; kenchiku-ka (j^^S?) ', edzu-hiki. 
Architectural, a. kenchikugaku 

(M^^) "0 ; zoeigaku (ig'gf^f^) no ; 

yadzukwi no ; kenchiku no. 

AEO [ 54 ] 


Architectually, adv. kenchiku- 
gaku-jo (de). 

Architecture, n. (as a branch of 
study) kenchikitgaku ; zoeigalcu ; 
ke7ichikujutsu (j^^JB) ; zokajutsu ; 
i'm'^m) ; 2oe!jt(isu (iS^jIfi) ; (style 
of) fate-kafa ; yodzukxai. 

Archives, n. kiroku (IBJ^) ; bunko 

press, kirokii-dana. 

bureau of , kirokkyokii (lEI^ 


Archivist, n. kirolcu-gakari ; kiroku- 
hnkicansha (nEIHR^^). 

Arctic, a Ocean, hokuhyoyo 

(4t>K?¥); hokkyokuyd (Jtftft^') ; 

lu^kuhydkai (;|t>^J§). 

regions, kantai (%^). 

Ardency, n. nesshin (**.£>). 

Ardent, a. hageshii ; seikyu (14^) 
na; moretsu (SKIJ) «'* J (zealous) 
nesshin na. 

Ardently, adv. ha{jeshiku ; moretsu 
ni ; seikyu ni ; (zealously) nesshin nl. 

Ardour, n. (of afifections) on-ai (.g. 
^); ai-yokv (ISS?) ; (of courage) 
yfiki (^^) ; (zeal) nesshin. 

Arduous, a. hone 710 oreru ; hone-ori 
no; konnan (^%{i) na; nangi (W^) 
na ; shinki-kusai [provincial]. 

labour, hone-ori shigolo : 

(surai shigoto. 

Arduously, adv. hone-otte ; konnan 

Are, i.v. -^-ide Be. 

Area, n. me)iseki (ffi|^) ; (in tan) 
tamhetsu (SSfl) ; (in tsubo) tsuho-sil ; 
tsuho-kadzu ; ji-tsubo ; (of a building) 
tate-tsubo ; (math.) seki (^) ; menseki 
(®fS) ; (of a country) /w/rutn (ISt) ; 

Arena, n. (for fencing or jiljufsu) 
dojo (iS^) ; (for wrestling) dohyo 


the of competition, kydso- 

the political , seikai (j^?i^). 

Argentiferous, a. gin ico fukunda. 

Arg'Ue, t.v. & i.v. ronji-ru ; hein- 
pnku (J§^) s ; benron (^f^) .s ; giron 
(Btm) s ; (dispute) soron (^f^) .«. 
to that, tojshuclio (±4|) s. 

Arg"unient, n. ron ; giron ; hem- 
paku ; (contention) ronten (gmiSi) J 
(debate) to7'on ; (dispute) soron ; (in 
a law case) benron. 

a fruitless , midzidcake-ron. 

an obstinate , oshi-mondo. 

basis of an , ronkyo (tm}^). 

to put forward , r j-on (it 

s^) «. 

to start an , ron ico hajime- 


Argumentation, n. ritsuron. 

Argumentative, a. riktdsuppoi ; 
rikutsnbatta ; girondzuki na ; giron- 
an person, gironka (BmW-)- 

Arg-umentatively, adv. rikndsvp- 
poA M ; rikutsubafte ; giron-dzuki na yd 
ni ; giron-gamashilcu ; gironrmekashi- 
te. ' ' 

Arg-umentativeuess, n. equiv. 
of Argumentative foil, by koto. 

Ari«I, a. kanipat.tu (:|ky) na ; At- 
agatta ; (fig. of a subject) kanso- 
inmni ($i:^M5^) na. 

Ari<lity, n. knnso ; kampitsu ; kaicai- 
ta koto ; (fig.) kanso-imani. 

Aries, n. (astron.) hakuyokijii (g^ljS 

Aright, adv. fadashiku ; machigai 


to j udge , tadashiJcu ha^vian 

(^JSfr) *• 
Arise, i.v. okoru ; de-ru ; hassurit (g|) ; 

to out of, yori/shoji-i-u. 

Arithmetic, n. sanjv'.su (^ift) ; 
.silgciku (It^). 

mental , munazan; vmna- 

kanjo ; anzan (Bg^ft). 

Arithmetician, n. sugakusha (ft 

Arlv, n. (biblical) h'lko-bune. 


[ 55 ] 

Arm, n. (as distingtiished from hand) 
ude ; kaina ; (as dist. from leg) ie 
(as of a telegraph post) ude-gi 
(carried by a burglar) kyoki (56,11) 
(military weapon) bukl (sfc^-) ; heiki 
(^-aj) ; (of a chair) hiji ; (of coat) 

of the sea, iri-umi. 

rack,jm'a (^*g). 

s (i.e. war), heiryoku {^"f}). 

and accoutrements, sogu 

and ammunition, heiki- 

danyakii (^mmm)- 

advance s ! mae tsutsu ! 

change b ! kae tsutsv. ! 

examine s ! aratame tsutsu ! 

fore , nino ude. 

order si tale tsutsu ! 

pile s ! kume tsutsu ! 

pile of s, saju (X^)- 

port s ! hikae tsutsu ! 

present s ! sasage Isutsu ! 

recover s! age fsidsu ! 

side , token (TJ^J). 

shoulder s ! mnae tsutsu ! 

sling s ! kake tsutsu ! 

small s, shoju('l^^). 

support s ! kakae tsiAfsu ! 

to break the , ude ga ore-i-u ; 

(of another) no j ude wo orit. 

to hold under the , (a large 

thing) ko-icaki ni kakae-ru, or kai- 
komu ; (a small thing) icaki ni 
hasamu ; tcaki-basamu. 

to look on with folded s, 

shtlshu-bokicrm (^^WM) •'• 

to open the s wide, ode uo 


to pile s, tsutsu ICO komu. 

to take up s, kankica (^J^) 

wo ugokasu. 

trail s ! sage tsutsu ! 

upper , ichi no ude. 

Arm, t.v. nilbuki (^^) wo motase-ru. 

to one's self, buki wo torn ; 

(of a soldier) huso (jtlc^) s. 

to be ed, buki wo keitai (^ 

^?) s ; buso s ; buki wo motsu. 

Arm, i.v. hiki wo sonae-ru ; bubi (gj 

Armament, n. bubi {i^^) ; gumbi 
(1|r([in) ; (of a warshij)) hv-w. 


reduction of s, gumbi-shuJcu- 


Armchair, n. hijitsuki-isu ; hiji- 
erm-rest of ykyokuroku{^ 

Armed, a. buki-keitai (%\:^t^^) no. 

party, busotai (%\M^) ; 

luki-keitai-hei {^^^i^&). 

robbery, jikyoki-goto (^5& 

Armful, n. an , hito kakae. 

Armistice, n. kyusen {{^^). 

Armless, a. an person, ude- 


Armlet, n. ude-kazari. 

Armorial, a bearings, mon 


Armour, n. yoroi ; gusoku {§.&) ; 

one suit of , gusoku hito sorol. 

Armoured, a battery, sokd- 


cruiser, koso-junyokan {^§!i 

train, hilco-ressha (M^^'iJ 

$) ; buso-resshi (5tS?iJ^)- 

turret, soko-hoto (5$fp«Btg:). 

Armourer, n. gusokushi (§:jS.^) ; 
bukishi (StISfiili) ; bugushi (pr,^^); 
(mil.) jiiko (^I) ; (naval) heiki-ko 
(RS-X) ; buki-ka)ishu7iin (5l;|S^^ 
A) ; heiki-kanshunin (ftSJS'S^A) 

Armour-plating", n. koteppan (tp 


Armoury, n. bukigura ; buko (itff ) ; 
heiko (^^). 

Armpit, n. icaki no shita. 

hair of the , waki-ge. 

smell of the , waki-ga. 

Arms, n. (weapons) See Arm. 

Armsleng'tli, n. to keep at , 

yose-lsukenai yd ni s ; iozakeru. 

Army, n. gxtnzei (^^) ; guntai (^ 
^); (as opposed to Navy) rikugtm 


brigade, i^yodan (isB)- 

contractor, rikvgun- 



[ 56 ] 


corps, gundan (^^). [The 

" Army corjis " does not exist in 
Japan though the term (otokn-hu 
(liC^nlO is applied to the territorial 
limits of three divisions which 
about correspond to an English 
Army corps]. 

division, shldan (MM)- 

list, rikugun-meibo (|^^^ 

JH) ; (on active service) geneki- 

meibo (l^^^m)- 

medical corps, guni-bu (^ 

of the enemy, tekigtin (®[ 


service corps, shicho (^M)- 

besieging , kojogun (;i^^ 

^) ; liiJUjxm (<i^^). 

centre of an , chugun (t|i 


commander of an -bri- 
gade, ryodanchn (Jg^^) ; -corps, 
giavPincho (5p^^) ; -division, 
'shUlanrho (BitiHM)- 
Field- Marshal Commander- 
in-Chief of the , daigeiisui 

front of an , gmi no shomen 


main , Jiongim (4i!?)- 

national , kokumingun OK 


rear of an , kdei (^®i). 

reserve , (HthV) yohigim (B^lf| 

^) ; (second) kdhigvn (^ipSijI). 

standing , johlgun 1'^,^%%). 

to be an man-, gvnjin (^A) 

de aru. 

to call out the whole ,'sogun 

(^■^) wo shoshfi (S^) s. 

to join the , nyfdai (A@S) s. 

to leave the , taieki (igS) s; 

jntal (1^^) ni nam. 

to seirve in the ,fukueki (flH^ 

Army, a. gun- C^); as, sur- 
geon, gun-i (5§). 

Aroma, n. kaori ; koki (#^). 

Aromatic, a. kaori no aru ; koki no ; 
hokb (^§) no aru ; kobashii ; ii nioi 

Around, prep, no maicari ni ; no 
gv.ruri n\ ; no nieguri ni. 

Arouse, t.v. (as public attention) 

kicanki (n||iG,) s ; hiki-okosu ; (excite) 
okosu ; hagemasu ; (from sleep) 
okosu ; no/me tco samesase-ru ; yobi- 
okosni ; (stir iip) hiki-okosu. 

Arraigfu, t.v. (accuse) kokuso (^ 

Arraig"nmeiit, n. kokuso. 

Arraiigfe, t.v. (a number of articles 
in proper position) kazaru ; }utiretsu 
(^?lJ) « ; (for exhibition) chinretsu 
(^?ij) s ; (in a row) narabe-ru ; (make 
plans for) no/teaie ico s ; (on account 
of another) toi'i-hakarau ; (put in 
order) soroe-rn ; totonoe-ru ; drat to 
rights) katadzuke-ru ; (settle) moto- 
me-ru ; tori-matome-ru. 

it is d that , no 

isxtgo iU"^) da. 

to beforehand, mae-motte 

kime-ru ; ico s ; no/vchi- 
awase ico s. 

to be d, (in order) sorotte 

iru ; imrande oni ; kazatte aru ; 
katadzuite i-ru ; (of a matter) mato- 
matte i-rxi ; %ca]kaia ga tsuita. 

Arraug"einei»t, n. (act of) eqniv. 
of Arrange foil, by koto ; (agree- 
ment) moshiaicase ; (formal agree- 
ment) iori-kime ; (in advance, of a 
programme, etc.) yotel (^^) ; (of a 
room) iorl-tsuke ; (of exhibits) vhln- 
retsu (|5K?'J) ; (preparations) shitaku 
(tit); yoi (ffll;); tsugd (Si!^); 
drafting in order) seilon (^tj[) ; 
setsubii^^) ; (way of) sochl (^S'iS) ; 
(way of arranging ornaments) kaza- 

amicable , jidan {^^) ; jxi- 

kudan (^3;^). 

an has been arrived at, 

kyogi (WiB) .'/« totonoUa. 

change of s, moyo-gae. 

to make the necessary s, 

tsugo ICO s. 

Arrant, a. hontd (jJc^) m\ also 
expr. by the adv. matiaku. 
coward, dai no okubyo (Jgt 


fool, db'ika ; karabira. 

rogue, gokualcunin (S.®A). 

that is an lie, maltalcu. 

uso da. 



[ 57 ] 


Array, n. battle , ikusa no 

sonae ; jlnzonae ; jlndaie. 

Array, t.v. (dispose in order) ivxra- 
leru; hairetsu (^:^ij) s ; (dress) yo- 
sou ; (of an army) no/jinzonae tco s ; 
selrcfsu (^^ij) sase-ru. 

Arrears, n. (of money) toijokijrl ; 

eniai (^^) ; eninlkhi (i^'Hir^) ; ml- 


to be in , todokora; eatai s 

[Civ. Co.] ; (of work) okureru ; 

Arrest, t v. (check) fuseuu ; tvlo- 
me-ru ; tomeru ; (seize) torae-ru ; 
tori-osaeru ; tsuk'imae-i'u ; meshi-to- 
ru ; hohaku (||6ifcS) .« ; iaiho (i^^) s 
[Cr. Pro.]; ko,a{^^])s. 

to be ed, bakii ni tsukri., n. (mil.) kinko {^f^) ; (inir- 
suit and seiznre) iaiho ; (seizure) 
hohaku (^t§) ; (seizure and protl\ic- 
tion) kblii. 

close (mil.), ji'ikhiko ([g"^ 

^) ; heimoii (^P^) [the former of 
a, private, the latter of an officer]. 
expenses of- , taihohi 


open (mil.), keik'mko (^3.*^M) '> 

kinshin (MtR) [the former of a 
private, the latter of an officer]. 

release from (mil. ), klnko- 

homen (mmWLfL). 

to place under (mil.), /vt*(Ao 

)u shoswu. 

warrant of , talhoj') (^Jf^'). 

Arrie re-fief, n. hairydchl {^^^t^) ; 

saiijn (Jlta). 
Arriere-vassal, n. halshbi (jf^^E). 
Arrival, n. chakn (^) ; iodmku (fij 


in port, chakko (^J^). 

s (of goods), rW.'it-Hi ; iri-nl. 

on , fsitki'fth'ulai hi; rhaku, 

or iochakn, .ihidai id. 

on the ship's , chnkuscn- 

shhJal (1^^,^^,) ni. 

safe , anrhaku (^•^). 

Arrive, i.v. <suA.« ; chaku s ; iochnkii 
(JiJ^) s ; (in ft ship) chnkusta (^ 

«S) •'. 

to safely, h>ijl (te:$) ni 

t'hakii s. 

Arrogance, n. ohd (<3|:|^) ; ofn (^ 
H) ; ijohian (^1g) ; komcui, (ig^)- 

Arrogant, a. ohei nn ; r>fa nn ; go- 
man na ; konvxn nn. 

Arrog-antly, adv. ohei m; nfn ni; 

(idman nl : koman ni. 

Arrogate, t.v. okasu ; sen-etun (fgiS) 
s ; sensho (fgfp}) s. 

Arrogation, n.equiv. of Arrogate 
foil, by koto. 

an act of , ekkcn (^jf) no 

■shoiiyo (fiffij). 

Arrow, n. ya [a.n. hou {^)\. 
Arrow-head, n. ya no ne ; yajiri. 
Arrow-root, n. kudzu: kntcfii (-» 

Arse, n. shiri. 

hole, komtm (HP^) ; sfvri no 

ana ; karamete. 

Arsenal, n. lohe'sho (it^S^-J^) ; helkl- 
.<!eizojo (^:;^mmf^) ; (at Tokyo) h^- 
hel-kusho (^I^IiK). 

Arsenic, n. yo.ieki (!gi:a) ; hlseki 

Arsenical, a. yoscki iw ; h!.<ieki mi 
Arsenious acid, ahlsan (jSlJtSS)- 
Arson, n. tsukehi; fiokmt (jft-A); 

(crime of) hokicazai (Ifi'Apl). 
Art, n. (dexterity) tnknmi ; koniyo 
(J5^') ; xdemae ; uivya (tJ^) ; (fine) 
bijufsK (-^{fi) ; (mechanical) jidsii ; 
gljut.fu (f^tfUs) ; .jejjntsu («^jfi). 

s and crafts, <ii<je'i (}i^). 

the shipbuilder's , zosea- 

(I'jutsu (m^ikWi). 

works of , h'ljuUithin (.^^ 

Artemisia, n. mochlgusd ; inogusci. 
Arterial, a. domyaku (fJifSii) no. 
Artery, n. domyaku 

Artesian, a well, horlnuki- 


Artl'nl, a. (crafty) ddiaku (j^!^) na; 

kokatsu (6cJt) ««; (skilfully made) 

tak}(mi na ; seikij (ft^i^) "^• 
Artfully, adv. ochaJcu ni ; kokatsu 

nl ; takumi ni ; seiko ni. 


Artliritis, n. kicansefsu-khisha (| 

[ 53 ] ART 

Article, n. (a particular substance 
or commodity) shina ; shinamono ; 
hitppin (tiJmj) ; (contribiition to a 
newsi^aper) tos-ho (SW) ; (editorial) 
shaset.fu (jftW ; ronsefsx (li^tft) ; 
(grammatical) kicanshi (igia) ; (of a 
treaty, etc.) kajo (gfj^) ; jGkd (f^rg) ; 
jomokK (J^ @ ). 

s of association, teiktcan 

(^m [^'om. Co.]. 

s of war, tjunrKsu (^#). 

for ship's use, senyohin (|3 

definite ....... teikvcanshi {^^^). 

discussion of a bill by 

, rhlk-UJd-shinrji (iEf5^Si%)- 

indefinite , futei-kicanslii (^ 

in the of death (in articnlo 

mortis), shlnhne ni ; .ihtn'tg'nra ni. 

ship's s, sensekisho (^f^^_). 

third (of a treaty, etc.), d«i- 


toilet s, keshoh h, ( it^^S^ ). 

Articulate, a. (distinctly uttered) 
hakkiri shita ; fummyo (^^) na ; 
meiryo (IVJ^) na. 

animals, ktcansetsu-dobutsu 


Articulate, t.v. hatsuin (|$|f) s. 

to distinctly, hakkiri to 

hatsuin s. 

Articulated, a. (anatomy) ktran- 
setau (SSSB) no aru. 

Articulation, n. (anatomy) tiron- 
setsii ; (sound) hatsuin. 

Artitice, n. hak-arigoto ; sak^iryaJ.ii ; 
hoben (^^) ; iekiida ; (to j)rocure 
money) sandan (^f^). 

Artiticer, n. (skUled workman) mei^ 
sho (^E); meiko (ZX) ; ryoko {% 
X) ; (workman) kojin (lA) ; shokko 

s' school, kikwanjiitsu-ren- 

^hujo mmmm'^m- 

Artificial, a. jinzd ( AiS) no ; jinko 
(Ax) no; saiku (^BX) shita; in 
compounds jinzd- (A in), or saiku- 
(|B!X) ; (feigned) itsxncari tio. 
eye, ire-me. 


flowers, isukuri-bana. 

hair, ire-ge. 

ivory, jinzo-zoge. 

leg, tsugi-ashl ; gikyaku {f| 

mound, tsuki-yama. 

nose, tsuke-bana. 

tears, sora-namida. 

teeth, ire-ba. 

thing, saiku-mo)io. 

Artificially, ady.jinzo de ; (feigned- 
ly) itsuiratte. 

Artillerj', n. (body of men) hohei 
m^); hdheitai (filiEl^); (guns) 
taihij (:k:V^) ; odzutsu ; (science) ho- 
jutsii (^m- 

driver, hohei -qyosotsu (5^1^ 


ammunition waggon, ho- 

hei-danyakrtsha (5SII??SS$)- 

park, hosho (^^). 

train, hohei-shicho {t^^i^ 


coast defence , yosai-hohei 

CSwiC^i^); yosai-hoheitai (5|^B& 

C3rps of and engineers, 

hoko-heidan (CfcXi^^)- 

field , (gtiDs) yas€)dw (5f-?j; 

e{|) ; (troops) yasen-'hohei (Sfl^fig 

foot , ioho-hohei (M'J^E^I^). 

horse , kihohei (S^l^^). 

mountain , (guns) smnpri 

(UHiS); (troops) sampljhei (Uii$j 

siege , kojoh) (iJcfeScfifi) ; 

(troops) kojohohei C^^t^^). 

Artilleryman, n. hohei (^^). 

Artisan, n. shokimin (6£A) ; ki'jin 
(XA); kosho(r.m- 

Artist, n. (in a general .sense) gishi 
(^®) ; gigeisha (fj^g^) ; bijutsuka 
(^WiM) ' (painter) ekaki; eshi ; 
girako (MX). 
Court , teishitsxt-gigel-in (iff^ 1 

imm. I 

Arti.stic, a. gachi (ifjIS:) no aj-x ; fu- 
'jn (E?1^) na ;' bijutsuteki (||{fifi<J) no. 

Artistically, adv. gachi ni ; fCiga. 

ni ; hljutsutekl ni. 


[ 53 ] ASO 

Artless, a. shojiki (lEiH) na ; mu-jaki 
(ISfl>^) 'i« ; ^<&« na ; adoke)iai ; gu- 
chok-u (.^jiC) na ; shitsitboku (Kth) 
na ; iakumi no nai. 

Artlessly, adv. shojiki ni ; mu-jaki 
ni ; ubu ni ; adokenaku ; gurholcu ni ; 
shiisnboku ni ; iakumi naku. 

Artlessness, n. eqniv. of Artless 
foil, by koto. 

Arum triplijiluin, hange (^S). 
As, adv. and conj. (because) kara ; 
yue ; ni tsuite ; (by way of) to shite ; 
(for example) tatoeba ; m ico arje- 
rd)a ; (in the same manner with) 
tori ; fgotoku ; (with verbs of using) 

according^ , ni shitagatte. 

far (a place), made. 

for me I am ready at any- 
time, waiakvshi wa itsu nari to 

sashi-tsukae ga nai. 

I go (on the way), iki-gake 


I said just now, tadaima 

moshita tori. 

I return, kaeri-gake ni. 

it were, iicaha. 

....._. I was going to bed, mo 

neyo to sum toki ni. 

I was on the way to, 

€ iku tochn de. 

many there are, arit- 

take ; arudake. 

much ,duke\ hodo; as, 

a woman does not eat 

much a man, onna tea 

otoko hodo tabenai. 

follows, sa no toril; tsugi 

no tori. 

often , iambi ni; as, 

cften I meet him, 

ano hUo ni au tanibi ni. 

one growj old, toshi wo 

toru ni tsuiie. 

quickly possible, na- 

ruiake hayaku. 

soon I started, tmto- 

kushi ga dekakeru to sugti ni. 

soon it is jfinished, 

deki-shidai ni. 

soon it strikes six 

shut the gate, rokvji (:/;8j) no 

xittara sugu ni mon ico shimero. 

soon ever, is expr. by 

ya inaya ; as, soon 

ever i gave him water he 
drank it up, midzu vco yarn ya 
inaya mina nonde shimafta. 

soon ever I saw him, 

miruka minai uchi ua. 

"sure , is expr. by to 

iu to kilto ; as, sure I 

go out it rains, watakushi ga 
deru to in to kitto ame gafuru. 

they climbed, noboru ni 


yet, imada ; ima made. 

you are about it, otsuide 

ni; ote tsuide ni. 

you were (mil.), moto e! 

he trembled he spoke, 

hanashi ico shi^agara miburui ico 
shite ita. 

is not , no yd ni 


it is amusing far 

that goes, omoshiroi koio tea 
omoshiroi ga. 

I thought much, sore mita 

koto ka. 

it is far from this to 

Shiba, koko kara Shiba e ihv, 
dake aru. 

it is you say, /ianos/ti no 

tijri de gozaimasu. 

Japanese wine is not 

strong ^European, Nihon 

no sake tea achira no hodo kiisuku 
ica nai. 

leave it it is, sono mama 

ni shite oke ; sore nari ni shHe 


to regard , to/m»ia.9w, 

Asafoetula, n. agi. 

Asbestos, n. ishiicata ; sekimen (Iff 
m) ; sekiju (?Jgt). 

Ascarirt, n. kicaicha (tifii). 
es, kicaichiind (JlH^H®)- 

Ascend, t.v. & i.v. noboru ; agaru. 

Asceudency, n, kensei (^^) ; sei- 

ryok-u (^t)) ; ken-im^Si)- 
Ascension, n. (to heaven) sholen 

day, shotenjiisu (^^0). 


[ 60 ] 


Ascent, n. nohori ; (a hill) ndbori- 
saka ; saka. 

a steep ., X-yfaaJca. 

Ascertain, t.v. (by enquiry) kiki- 
aicase-ru ; (by seeing) mi-todokeru ; 
(find out) shiraberu ; iadasu ; tori- 
shirdberu ; (make certain of) tsuki- 
tome-ni ; tashikame-nt. 

Ascertainable, a. to be , 

pass, voice of eqiiiv. of Ascertain. 

Ascetic, a. kicayok-u {^^) no. 
to be , yoku ico set (Jlj) s. 

Ascetic, n. wja (R:gi. 

Asceticism, n. seiyoku-shugi (JIJJK 

Ascribable, a to, »ii fci (Jg) 


Ascribe, t.v. ni/ki (^) s; Jiojsei 
n'l s. 

I it to the heat, a/5U5a Tto 

sel nl s, or atsvsa no sei ka to 

Ash, n. (tree) toneriko. 

Ashamed, a. I am to say, 

o hadzukashn hntiashl da keredomo. 

not to be of, ico/haji to mo 


to be , haji-ni; ineinbokii (fS 

@) ICO ushinau ; ki <ja togame-ru ; 
haji KO kaku. 

to make ed, ni/haji ico kaka- 

se-ru; nilchijoku (5t'^) iro atae-ru. 

Ash-colourecl, a. hai-iro no ; usu- 
nedzumi-iro no. 

Ashes, n. hai. 

to reduce to , Jiai m s; 

t kicaijin ({^jgji) ni s. 
Ashore, adv. to run , (on a 

rock) ilea ni agani ; zasho (^fl^) s ; 

ansho (Bl^lii) ni fureru ; (on the 

sand) su ni agaru ; asase ni Jiori- 


Ash-pan, n. (of grate) hai-uke. 

Ash-tray, n. hai-zara. 

[The section of bamboo used as 

an by the Japanese is called 


Ash-Weclnesday, n. suiyo-kicai- 
jitsu {7i^Vg}jfiB). 

Asia, n. Ajia ; Ajiashu (SlfflSiW). - 

Minor, Ko-Ajia. 

Central , Chuo-Ajia. 

Asiatic, a. Ajia no ; Ajiashu no. 

Asiatic, n. Ajiajin (ffi.lHffiA). 

Aside, adv. (on one side) waki ni ; 
(to one side) icaki e. 

to put , (in ordeT) katadzu- 

keru ; (to keep) totle oku. 

to set (a judgment), tori- 

ke.iu. [Cr. Pro.]. 

to stand , tcaki e yoru. 

putting' for the moment, 

shibarakxi sashi-oite. 

Asinine, a. bakarashii ; baka-fiaka- 

Ask, t.v. (inquire) kiku ; tadzuneru ; 
vkagau ; (request) negau ; tanomu. 

may I P negaicaremasho ka. 

to after a friend, tonio no 

ampi ($^) »ro iov. 

Askance, adv. to look at, 

icojyokome ni miru ; (with suspi- 
cion) ico/shirime ni mi-ru. 

Askew, adv. to te , magaite 

oru ; nejirete orn. 

Aslant, adv. to be , .suJca ni 

nalte oru ; naname ni natle oru. 

Asleep, adv. to be , neteoru; 

(of the legs) ica]shibire ga kirerii. 

to be peacefully, sxtya- 

suya to nete oru. 

to fall in one's seat, i-ne- 

nntri ico s. 

Asparaj;fus, n. * ; (officinalis) tern- 
mo7ido (^P5^); (wild variety) hiji- 
kakushi ; iatsu no hige. 

Aspect, n. (look) yosu ; arisama : 
(of affairs) inoyo (^i^) ; keikyo (Jg; 
i^) ; (of ^ house) nntki. 

viewed in its legal , hori- 

isu (^#) no ue kara mlreba. 

Asi>en, n. yama-narashi ; maruha- 
yanagi ; hako-yanagi ; yomi-furi. 

Asi)erity, n. buaiso (^$ffi) ; bukots"- 

with , buaisij ni; bukotsu ni. 

Asi>ersion, n. soshiri ; soshiri-zam- 

po ; hibo m^). 

ASF [_61 ] 

Asphalt, n. *; chirekisei (fli^^). 
Asphyxia, n. chlssoku (iJ.g.). 
Aspiration, n. hofu (^%). 

Aspirant, n. netsubosha (Si^^) ; 
kbhosha (fe|f|*). 

Aspire, i.v. to to, wo/nozomu ; 

ico/netsuhd (^^) s. 

Aspiring-ly, adv. netsuho shite. 

Asquint, adv. to look , yoko ni 

m'l-ru ; naname ni mi-ru. 

Ass, n. itsagi-umn ; robn (8|||) ; (fool) 

Assail, t.v. semei-u ; kofjekl (j^^) s ; 
o.ioij ; %ii.>iu ; (with words) kogeki 
s ; hakugeki (IBI|?) 5. 

Assailant, n kogekisha (3^[t?ig-) ; 

seme-kata ; (one who acts with intent 

to harm) kybkosha (B&fT^) ; (one who 

does bodily injury) kaijaisha \lin%M) 

Assassin, n, shikaku (flj§); seki- 

kaku (|1]^) ; ansatsunin (ilifJSA). 
Assassinate, t.v. ansatsu (ff^^) .9. 

to be d, ansatsu ni au; 

ansatsu sare-ru. 

Assassination, n. ansatsu ; yami- 

Assault, t.v. (a fortress) wojkbgekl 
('ikW) -^.J woi'shingeki (jl^) s ; nij 
seme-yos'e-ru ; nijuchi-iru ; wo/shfigeki 
(85?) -s ; (strike) nagui-u ; hutsu ; 
odd (ggJT) s [leg. term]; (strike 
repeatedly) duwliaku (tJSJ) s ; randa 
(BtfT) s. 
Assault, n. (of a fortress) kogeki ; 
shingeki ; shugeki ; (of a i)ei"Son) oda ; 
randa ; chbchaku. 

and wounding", oda-sbsho 

(infill fU) [Cr. Co.]. 

resulting in death, bda- 

cfushi {j^mnm- 

to take a town by , machi 

vn osotte torn, or seme-tor u. 

Assay, t.v. hunseki (^l^x) * '> A'ki- 

Assay, n. hunseki ; ftiki-tcake ; bun- 

master, hanfeki-shikenJacan 


Assayer, n. Ininsekisha (^iprS); 

Asseniblag'e, n. yori-ai ; shilkirai 
(ft#) ; J^waigb (t^) ; shngb (%-^) ; 
gunshu (l!¥^). 

Assemble, t.v. atsumeru ; (call toge- 
ther) yohi-yose-ru ; yohi-aisitmeru ; 
shosha' (^%) .9; boshn (^%) s; 
(collect things together) matome-ru. 

Assemble, i.v. (of persons) shi'ikirai 
{$k^) ^ ; kicaigb (#^) s ; yori-mi ; 
shwjb (l^-o") * ; tsudou ; (of i^ersons 
or things) atsumaru ; (of things) 
m^tomaru ; tsudou. 

Assembly, n. shUkicai ; yori-ai. 

city , shikvcal (tJJ#). 

law of ies and political 

associations, shrikicai-sei.shuho 

liberty of , shftkicai no jiyfl 


prefectural , kenkwai (!|?.^). 

to beat the (mil), shilgbfu 

(.%'^W) '^'^o utsu. 

to sound the (mil.), shngbfu 


Assembly-room, n. kwaijb (fj-^g) ; 
shuktcaijb (^'^^). 

Assent, i.v. shbchi (Tfe-^) s ; nattuku 
(t^Ws) s '< shbin (^31) «; simlalii 
(*^) s ; gaten (^fi) s ; dbi {UM,) s. 

to to, icojkiki-ire-ru. 

to be ed to (of a reqiiest), 

kikidzumi ni naru. 

Assent, n. shbcM ; nattoku ; shbin ; 
shbdaku ; gaten ; dbi. 

Imperial (to a bill), go saiki 

Assert, t.v. (asseverate) ii-ltaru ; gbjb 
(tnSfi) 'fo hatte iu ; (maintain) ii-hf(- 
ru ; shuchb (±?g) s. 

to one's authority, jt'xoj uo 

keni'yokit (fH;;^) iro shuchb s. 

Assertion, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Assert foil, by koto ; (what is a.s- 
serted) iu tokoro; shuchb; ii-tite; 
dangen (BRa) ; kalcugen (sHch). 

Assess, t.v. (a price) mdz^wiori s ; 
hybka (^tB)s; (charge a sum on) 
nilicaritsukeru ; nijicari-ate ru ; (fix 
or ascertain) tadasu ; kivieni. 


[ 62 ] 


to the land tax, ehiso (fltg.) 

tro sadnmerii. [Kaica ico irerii, or 
sao tco ire-ixt, means to measiire 
the land for the purpose of asses- 
sing it. Kemmi (fi^M.) s. is to ins- 
pect standing crops for the same 

Assessment, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Assess foil, by koto ; (of duties) 
fukica (BtIS) ; (of lands) taka ; (of 
taxes) zeifjaku (^|g) ; (vahiiition) 
netichi ; nedzumori. 

basis of of a tax, kicazel- 

hyojnn (SJRfft^i^). 

Assessor, n. (judicial) haiscki-Jutuji 
i^i',J{r>^W) [Civ. Pro.]; (of taxes) 
kiriizel-hyokanin {Wf^^H^K)- 

Assets, n. misnn (1113); zaldan 
mm) [Civ. Co.]; shlsan (ff|g) ; 
(ot deceased persons) isan (i£^;). 

Asseverate, t.v, dmvjen (|R1") « ; 
ii-kiru ; ii-tsunoru ; ii-luiru. 

Asseveration, n. dangen ; (act of) 
eqiuv. of Asseverate foil, by koto. 

Assiduity, n, benkyd (jjfiJS) ; konki 
(^B.)', ienrei OSlWI) ', kon; tansei 


a person of great , kon no 

tsxiyoi hito. 

Assirtnous, a. henkyb suru ; iausei 

im ; yiidan (fAK) "O 'i«i- 
Assiduously, henkyb shite ; yitdan 


Assigriif t-"^- (allot) haito (fil!^) s ; 
humpai (-^Rli) s ; iraritsukem ; icari- 
nteru ; haibun (gE35") s ; (fix) kimeru ; 
sadame-1'u ; kakutei (fi^S) s ; (trans- 
fer) yudzuri-Kutasu. 

to a reason, shidm-gara ico 

iu ; icake tco iu. 

Assign, n. (a person to whom 
jiroperty is assigned) yudzuri'ukenin 
[Civ. Co.]. 

Assignable, a. yudzuri-uniashi no 

lie did it 'without any 

reason, kii ni itashimasldtn. 

Assignation, n. (appointment for 
meeting) A,tca«(;o (^^) no yakusolcu 

(i^^) ; '^w yakusoku ; (ditto, secret) 
mikkicai (^■#") no yakusoku. 

house, machi-ai; deai-jaya; 

machiai-jaya ; kashi-seki [W, 


Assignment, n. yudzuri - ■watashi 
[Civ. Co.] ; (written) yiidzuri-watashi- 

Assignor, n. yudzuri-icatashi-nm 
[Civ. Co., Com, Co.]. 

Assimilation, n. (fig.) dokica ; (lit.) 
shdkn-a (ift-ft). 

Assimilate, t.v. (bring into confor- 
mity) onnjiku s ; ichiyo (— J^) ni s ; 
(fig., ideas) dokicn s ; (of food) 
shokica s. 

Assimilative, a. dohica-ryoku ((^ft 
'}i)no nru. 

Assist, t.v. ieisudau ; tasuke-ru ; ni/te 
tco kasu ; liosa diRfe) s ; joryoku 
(S)}ij) .s ; (further the interests of) 
no/shrisen (^J^) ico s ; no/setca ico s ; 
(relieve) sukuu ; fujo (^^IJj) s ; (suc- 
cour) tnsuke-m ; (unite forces with) 
nijkasei (M^) s. 

Assistance, n. tetsudai ; joryoku ; 
hosa ; (furtherance of interests) jin- 
ryoku {^-fy); seica; shusen (MM); 
(in danger) kyi'ijo (^\i)}); kyusai 
(^m); (pecuniary) hojo (ffiiW) ; 
(reinforcements) enjo (^OJj)- 

divine , myoga (K-"n)- 

Assistant, n. ietsudui-nia ; (clerk) 
.shoki (SIE) ; (shopman's) tedai ; 
(doctor's) jos/i(« (Blj^) ; (to loarties in 
a suit, not being a barrister) hosanin 
(flTl^A) [Civ. Fro.]. In comiwimds 

is often expr. by jo (jyj) or ho 

(Sli) ; as, 

mayor, joyakn (5)}'^). 

teacher, jo/, j/o (U/Jft). 

consular , rybjiho (^i^M)- 

Associate, n. (companion) iomo- 
dachi ; nakama ; fibbai 

Associate, i.v. to with, (in 

business) to/kuini-au ; tojkybdb (-Jt 
|i9) s ; (socially) io/majiicam ; to/ 
tsuki-au ; ni/ch ikadzuku. 

Associate, t.v. (to join with one as 
a partner, etc.) kybdd (^^) s ; (con- 
nect in thought) reus') (jl^,'^) *• 



[ 63 ] 


the crow is d with, the 

cherry (in Japanese art), karasu 
ga sak-itra no fsukimono da. 

to be d with, ni/sanyo 

(^fiii) s ; as, 

the people are d with the 

sovereig-n in the g-overnment 
of the country, jbnmin ( A.X'c) g'« 
kokud (i^ZE) ^0 tonio nl kokusei 
(M^) ni Sanyo (#|^) s. 

Associate- judge, n.' baisekl-hanji 

Association, n. (a society) nakama ; 
.ihachu (It 4"); kumi-ai ; kyokwai 
(^%) ', (body of persons) dantal 
([gj^) ; (commercial) stiokicai (iS#) ; 
kwaisha (^ififc); kumi-ai [Civ. Co., 
Com. Co.] ; shaclan (aifc^) [Civ. Co.] ; 
(state of being associated, of persons) 
majiicari ; isuki-ai. 

of ide&s, kwannen-renr)d (M^ 

m^) ; rensF, (Jf^.^J. 

articles of , teikwan {'^WO 

[Com. Co., Civ. Co.]. 

evangelical , fukuin-kyo- 


Assort, t.v. nojkuehi-icake ico s ; ico/ 
tori-icake-ru ; no/mi-wake ico s ; no/ 
hnnrui (■iYM) rco s. 

ed (various), iro-iro no. 

Assortment, n. (act of) kuchi-icake ; 
bnnrnl ; rai-u-tike. 

an of goods, iro-iro no mono ; 

kaMishu ( J^fi) "0 sh'inamono. 

AssiiajJ^e, t.v. (anger) nadame-ru ; 
(pain) %isura(je-ru ; yaicarage-ru ; 
karaku s ; karume-i'u. 

to thirst, kaicaki tro tome-ru, 

or toku. 

to be d, yawarnipi ; vsuragu. 

Assume, t.v. (pretend to possess) 
nijmise-kake-ru ; (take for granted) 
kai'i ni tnoke-ru; katii (iSJil) s ; 
kari-sadame-ru ; okudan (Bi,S^) .s. 

d voice, koica-iro. 

ing that , to sure- 

ha ; io mirehn. 

even for the moment ing 

that, kari ni io shite mo. 

if we that, kari ni to 

suite mo. 

.Assumption, n, (ascension) shoien 
(#^) ; (conjecture) okusetsu (Jl^) ; 
sozo (^f^) ; (for the moment) katei. 

Assurance, n. (act of) uke-ai ; hoslw 

(fS.fiI); (confidence) shinyo (ftffi) ; 

(impudence) lieiki {^M.) ', zfizfishii 

koto ; (insurance, q.v.) hoken (15^^). 
Assure, t.v. (declare) uke-au ; tashika 

ni uke-au ; (insure) ni/ hoken too /« 

(PM) •^, oi^ tsuke-ru. 
Aster, n. ezo-giku ; darumi-giku. 
Asterisk, n. hoshi ; seiten (MSA)- 
Astern, adv. (at the stern) iomo ni ; 

semhi (^^) ni ; sengo (iSfl^) ni ; 

(behind a ship) fune no ato ni; 

(behind the stern) toino no ato ni ; 

(towards the stern) tomo no ho ('^) e. 

to go , ato ni modoru; (/otai 

(^il) •?. 
Asthma, n. zensoku (Q,!,). 
Asthmatic, a. zensoku ni kakaita ; 

zensoku ico yamu. 

Asthmatically, adv. zeizei to iki ico 

Astiij-matism, n. fukushii/an (^ 


Astonish, t.v. odorokasn ; hikkuri 
saseru ; kinio ico ; gyoten 
(W^) sase-ru. 

to be ed, odorokn ; hikkuri s ; 

kimo ico tsuhusu ; gyoten s. 

Astonishing^, a, kitai (^^.) na ; 

Astonishingly, adv. kitai ni ; myo 

ni ; odoroku hodo ni. 
Astonishment, n. gyoten ; hikkuri ; 

tamageta koto. 

Astound, t.v. to be d, gyoten s; 

kimo ICO tsuhusu. 
V. Astonish. 

Astraddle, adv. m'ttagatte. 

Astragalus, n. kyokotsu (HI'S*). 

Astray, adv. to go , mayou. 

to lead , (fig.) mayou-asu; 

madoicas'i-ru ; (lit.) hagurasu. 
Astride, adv. to be of, ni/mnta- 

gatte vru. 

to get of, ni/niatagaru. 

to sit , unia-Hori ni imru. 


[ G4 ] ATS 

Astriiiyroiioy, n. shibumi ; shibusa ; 
shibii't koto. 

Astriiig't'iit, a. shibm. 
Astriiijfont, n. shfirenzai (^iftjffll) : 
shushiikirz'ii (4!c^#l). 

Astrologvi*, II. liosfii-uranutja ; kyu- 

seik'i (;lJ.'*)- 
Astr<»lo«f V, n. hoshi-uranrd ; bokusei 

( bS.)- 
AstroiioiiKT, n. teuiuwn-'jikvsha 

(^i^^*) ; seignkushft (S^*)- 
Astrouoiliy, n. temmfiu-f/'tkn ; sei- 

Astute, a. surudni ; bbuiho (aJctJ) jw ; 
lutshikkoi : bimran (j&K) » ' ; l"i ^^i^ 
evil sense) kokaisu (J^JfJ) ?kj. 

Astutl'lK'SS, II. binsJio ; bitncnn ; 
(cunning) kokntsu. 

Astutely, adv. surufloku ; bhisho ni ; 
biniriin }ii ; kokaisu ni. 

AsuiKler, adv. to come , hawi- 


to cut , kiri-h'inasu. 

to pull , hipp<inasv.. 

Asylum, n. (for limatics) fiiien-byohi 
(J^JB'WK) ; kirhigai-bxfoin ; (for the 
deat and dnml)) mo-fi-byiyin (^1^ 
#!Rt;) ; {^or the poor) ynil^nin (%^ 
1^) ; (p'aoe of refnge) nige-bn ; 

At, prep. Hi ; <h. 

all (in neg. sentences), <jd 

mo ; snkoshi mo. 

any time, itsu de mo. 

first, sfiote ni ; saisho (^R) ; 

hajime wi. 

hand, sohn ni ; chiknku ni. 

last, (after much diflBeulty) 

yatto ; (when result has been de- 
layed) yoyaku ; (when result wa.s 
foreseen) shini'ti ni ; ttnii ni ; oieari 
ni ; (when result was not foreseen) 

least, semete; (of number) 

sukumku mo. ^ 

most, oku mo. '•■' 

once, sugti ni ; tmlrtchi ni. 

present, tbji (^^) ; ima tea. 

the best, yokute mo. 

the same time, shikashi 

nag tra. 

times, toki-doki ; toki ni yotle. 

British Consul Yoko- [ 

hama, zni-Yokohima Etkoku-njoji i 

I cannot understand it ' 

all, sappiri tc'ikitranm. I 

Atheism, n. mushha-on (tajp}i^). j 

Atlieist, n. muslonronyi (*S^|^^). 

Atlieistical, a. musldnron no. 

Athens, n. Atene. 

Athletic, a. undo ni nnretn. 

sports, iindok-Kai (^$jj^). 

Athwart, prep, no yoko ni ; ni yoko- 
to lie , nii'yokotaicaru. 

Atlantic Ocean, fniseiyo (:kYS^)- 

Athis, n. chidzu.sho (JftH#). 

Atmosphere, n. ktlki (^^) ; taiki 
(^©) ; (« weight of air) kiatsu (^ 

Atmosplieric, a. kilki no ; taiki no. 
engine, kiatsii-kik't! (^JH 

mij>n m 

pressure, khif.>iH (MUS). 
Atoll, n. .sango to (flRlft.^). 
Atom, n. bibiot.shi (fSi/J'7^). 

8, 7)iJ''* (?S^)- 

to smash to .... 


Atomic, a theory, geiwh'setsu 

weight, kwngoryo (\taW)- 

Atomiser, n. (.scent) kosni-fuki. 
Atone, i.v. to for, iro/aganni ; 

iri>ltfivg>(HOit ; iro'. •ikokuz'ii (ffl|||) s. 

Atonement, n. shokuzai; aganai; 

Atractylis, n. (lancea) sojutsu (^ 
TK^); (ovata) okera. 

Atrocious, a. gokuaku (ft^,) no ; bo~ 
aku (^.^;) no ; 7i>kunikushii ; (cruel) 
z/tnn>n (j^S.) na ; zankokit (J^SJj) nrt. 

Atrociou.sly, adv. nikunikushiku ; 
gokuaku ni ; boiku ni ; zawvn ni ; 
zankoku ni. 


[ C5 ] 

Atrofity, n. zann'm ; hoi/yaku (^ 
1$) ; ijoJcuaku ; hbahu. 

the Armenian ies, Arvme- 

wn 110 f/yakusatsu (tgU). 

Atropliy, n. yase-hosori, ; ruisd (^ 
g|); jlyo-ketsuhn (J^gfc>i£) ; funjnku 

Attach, t.v. (annex, as an enclosure) 
soe-ru ; soe-tsuke-ru ; (fasten) tsuke- 
ru ; tswji-aicase-ru ; (leg.) sashl-osae- 
ru ; (tame) nare-saseru ; narasu ; 
(tie) musubi-tsuke-ru ; (win the affec- 
tion of) ?(o//fi ICO torn, ; najhnase-ru. 

barrister ed to the Court, 

salhanjo-dzuki, or shozoku (/'/fJii), 

no hengoshi {W^±). 

to weight to, nij'omoki ico 


to he ed (of jiersons), ni/ren- 

chaku (^^) s. 

to be ed to, (accompany) 

ni/fsuki-sou ; (affixed) nijfuchaku 

(f^S') •'' ; (form part of the suite 

of) nilziuju (1^(3;) s. 

to become ed (of animals), 


Attat'lie, n. (dij)!.) kosaikwan-shlho 
(^i?E'K fytflli) ; (pralkokican-ho (^^^ 
Honorary , melyo-kosaikican- 

Military (Naval) to alle- 
gation, kdsklkican-dzuki-riku'jun- 

(h(hpn,)-hvktmn {^mmBmm 

Atta<'lliii<'iit, n. najhnl ; ren-ai (^ 
^) ; a'jo (*'llt) ; renchaku (^f-). 

a one-sided , kata-omoi. 

of goods, hiipinn (S^lyjffa) sa- 
nk' -osac. 

provisional of property, 

za'isan-karl-susldosne [Civ. Co.]. 

Attack, n. (from ambush) so'/ekl 
am) ; (fig-) bakvgeki (BM) ; "("t. 
and tig.) ko<jeki (j!(!^) ; (of an epide- 
mic) shilrai (ttl3k) ; (sudden) shfirjekl 


an from both sides, /irt 6a- 


in skirmishing order, 

s/tmpei-kd(jeki (Jft^licSjl). 
flank , sokumeii-koqeki 


forward to the .....! sluujekl 

ni sitsume ! 

frontal , s/iomen-Aof/efci (iEW 


. ). 
to advance to the 

CAM) ■•?. 

Attack, t.v. (an argument) 1mhu<jeki 
(Wl^) s ; (a person) ni/utte kakani ; 
(lit.) seme-ru ; vtsn ; (lit. and fig.) 
kogckl i:^^) s. 

ing force, ^ose-ie; shuijekl- 

tai mmm- 

to a judgment, salhan {^ 

^J) ni taishite fufuku (^pflli) iro 

to unawares, no;fui (T-M] 

uo utsu ; osou. 

to be ed by (a disease), n?/ 

kakaru ; 7ii / okasareru. 

Attain, t.v. ioge-ru ; era. 

to an object, mokuteki (0 

tf]) tco tassxiru. 

Attain, i.v. to to, (arrive at) 

nijitaru ; (reach to) nijoyohu ; n\j 
todoku; mjiassuru. 

Attainable, a. tassu-ieki ; itaru- 
beki ; todoku-beki ; oyobu-beki ; toyu- 

Attainment, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Attain foil, by koto. 

Attainments, n. (learning) (/aku- 

shiki (^m); '.lakuryoku (^ij). ' 
Attempt, t.v. (the commission of a 
crime) hakaru ; (try) yntte m'l-ru ; 
kokoromi-ru ; taines-u. 

foil, in English by a verb is 

expr. by the gerxind foil, by m'i-n( ; 
as, to to walk, aruite mini. 

to more than one can do, 

jibun v,o chikara no oyobanu koto 

ICO shiyo to s. 

to ...... suicide, jisats-u (S©) wo 


Attempt, n. tameshi ; kokoronu ; 
(to commit a crime) misui-zai (>{cx^ 

to commit , ml- 

.<iui ; as, to commit suicide, 

jisat.s-a-misui (g|3f?iciM)- 
to murder, bosatsu-misui 


[ C6 ] ATT 

Attenrt, t.v. (a great ceremony) nif 
sanretsu (%9^\) s ; (a meeting) nij 
shusseki (/B^) s ; (as a witness) 
mjtncld-fiu ; (go with) tojdohan (ijf^) 
5 ; (go with, of an inferior) nijdnukd 
(J^fT) f ', nvtsukl-sou ; (of a doctor) 
(h'tryo (fo5$) -^ ; te-aie s ; (of a nurse) 
kan^yo (^^) s ; kango (^|^) ••? ; 
(of royalty) ringyo (US®) s ; (royalty) 
nl/ba!jn (^-({£) s ; nlik<yju (^t^) s. 

to be by a doctor, Isha nl 

knkatte oru. 

to fail to (a meeting), 

nijkcsseki (XRK) •*• 

Attend, i.y. (give the mind to) nen 

(ift) »fO irerti ; (heed) ki uo tmike-ru ; 
rhfi-i (ii;g;) s ; (to a moral precept) 
icolisutsvshlmn ; (to one's duty) tcoj 

to at, n'>;Jeru; (a meeting) 

7ulshu:iS€kl ( fH^) s ; (of an official, 

at his office) shukkin (SiJJj) s ; 

(on a summons) ni/shutio ({ij0) s ; 

(school) ejkayoit. 

to fail to at (a meeting), 

n-jkesseki (XRS) «• 
Atteiiclaiieo, n. (at a meeting) 
shusseki (HJ^); (at office) shukk'ut 
(Jtl30)); (in answer to an official 
summons) shutto ( IBJ^) ; (serving) 
kyr>ji (t&ffc). 

to be in (on Royalty), <jubu 

Attendant, n. (at a theatre) JeAa/a ; 
(at a yose, etc.) nnka-itri ; (follower) 
tomo ; jilsh'i (^^) ; tomo-maicari ; 
(on a sick i^erson) kan(jo-n\n ; tsuki- 
hito ; (on Royalty) ha'ijilsha (Pn'iJ&#) ', 
(Izuikosha (Blfr^)- 
immediate ...t..s (followers, of 
a jwlitical chief), jikisansha (i|[^ 
Attendant, a. tsuklsoi no. 

Attention, n. chid {&.%)•, kokwo- 
gake ; nen uo ireru koto ; ki ico tsu- 
keru koto ; (act of civility) yutai (® 


! (mil. command), ki ico 

isuke ! 

thank you for the , tjo nen 

(^) '*'> *''<* koto de f/ozaimasu 
[used in thanking for a not abso- 
lutely necessary act of ci^•ility]. 

the is disturbed, ki (^) g<% 


the is drawn away, ki 

fja vtsiirx. 

to attract , hito-me ico hiku. 

to attract one's (of things), 

?)i€ nl tonuiru. 

to attract public , sejln 

(& \) no chili vco hiku ; -^seken 
{\^.^) no jimoku (Jpg) tco shodo 

to call to, wojchfd (ii 


to devote to, nijchumokit 


to pay great s to, te-atsuku 


to pay no to (an order), 

iro,mind nl mo tomenal. 

with undivided , yonen (fi^ 

;§:) nakii. 

Attentive, a. (courteous) te'nei (~f 
^) na ; imjin («}»f|S) na ; (heetlful) 
ki no klita ; yoku ki no tsuku ; rhfd 
no todoku. 

Attentively, adv. (carefully) telnei 
ni ; (courteously) in<iin ni ; ie-atsuku ; 

% (with fixed attention) ki ?ro tsukete ; 
nen ico irete ; chi'd shite. 

Attenuate, i.v. to become d, 

yase-ru ; yase-hatora ; hosokii nam. 

Attest, t.v. (certify something sjKik- 

en) shoaen (ISW) s ; ake-au ; hosho 
(fi&S) * ; (certify something written) 
shoinei (^^) s. 

Attestation, n. sJumel ; (certifi- 
cate) shomeisho (|g^^^). 

Attire, t.v. nilkise-ru ; (in fine gar- 
ments) yosou ; kaznru. 

Attire, n. ifaku (^W, «•«/«"> (iSj 

Attitude, n, kamda-tsuki ; (fig.) 
keshiki ; taido ; yosu (^^); (in 
fencing or wresthng) mi-fjamae ; (of 
an actor) miburi ; (of support or op- 
position) kohai (fS]^). 
to assume an of opposi- 
tion, hantal (Kfi) no taido u.o 
to strike an , kldoru. 


[ 67 ] 


Attorney, n. (barrister) dalgennm 
(f^aA); henijoshl (P^±) ; JosU 
iViU); (general) -m-zodail^f^); dcil- 
rialia (f^Jl#); (under a special 
power of attorney) hurl-dabiin (gRJl 
/JaJA); (nnder power of attorney) 
'(lairinbi (f^Ifffi). 

g-eneral, kenji-sdcho (^^^. 


power cf , hihijo (^ffilLt); 

(la'rl-in'njo ( l^^JEI^H:^)- 

Attract, t.v. hlku ; hUci-yose-ru ; 
(allure) yfiwaku (^^) s ; yfibi (a^'^1) 
s ; .sasou ; Izanaii. 

to attention, hiio-me wo 


Attrat'tioil, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Attract foil, by koto ; (in physics) 
iiiviiola ('JI;'j): (of gravity) juryoku 

power of (of persons), t/wm- 

ryokn {Mi\i3)- 

the chief (of a show), j/o&i- 


Attractive, a. (of a person) me nl 
tsukii ; kokoro ?co iibaii ; (of a wo- 
man) aikyd ("^M) "'^ f"*'-' ; (of ^ 
thing) mehosldl. 

Attractively, adv. omoshlroku; me 
7d isiika ho(Io. 

Attractiveness, n. (of a woman) 

Attributable, a. to be to, 

}djyen-hi ( (^, H ) s ; nojtame de aru ; 
no] set de aru ; ni/mntodzuku. 

Attribute, t.v. (imi)ute) nijkadzu- 

to to (consider as caused by), 

nojsel {^) ni s. 
Attril)ute, n, tokushitftu (fJFK); 
kot/ushitsu (SWtt); (gram.) zokxisel 


Attributive, a. (gram.) zokasei-tekl 

(lf:feli''j) no. 
Auction, n. .serl-url; kyobai (.^^) 
[Com. Co.]; ko' al {^<^). 

market, seri-ichi. 

to sell by ., seat de uru ; 

sen ni kake'Vu, ; serirwi ni a ; kyb- 
hal s. 

Auctioneer, n. serl-uri-nln ; kyo- 
hambi (li^KA)- 

Ancuba, n. aoki. 

Aurtacioil?*, a. (daring) da'dan {^ 
Bf) naifideki (:^^) na; (insolent) 
farachi na ; fidol. 

conduct (in a bad sense), 

hojaku-hujbi (^ ^iM A ) no okonai. 

he is an fellow (in a bad 

sense), a'dsu ica tsnra no knica ga 

Audaciously, adv. da'tan nl ; /«- 
teki ni ; furachi ni. 

very (in a bad sense), 65- 

jaku-bujin ni. 

Audacity, n. daitan ; fideki ; fura- 

Audibility, n. klkoeru koto. 

Aiulible, a. to be , kikoe-ru. 

Audibly, adv. klkoeru hodo; klko- 
eru yd ni. 

Audience, n. (assembly, of hearers) 
kiki-te ; hochonbi (|^5§A) ; choshfi (Jg 
^) ; (ditto, of onlookers) kemhutsu- 
nln (J^-IIkA); (between Boyalties) 70 
taiqan (MM) I (of Royalty) haietsu 
^|g) ; ekken (gS^). 

private , naletsu (ftg^). 

the Crown Prince will have 
an of the Emperor to- 
morrow, ashlta Kir,dtaishl-I)e)ika 
(^;fc^lST) ^P« Tenno-Heika (5^^ 
IST) ni go taigan araserareru. 
to have an of (the Sove- 
reign), nl/ ekken s. 

Audit, n. kwaikel-kensa (^IflStjS)- 

Audit, t.v. kensa(^^) s. 

to the books, chobo {1^^} 

ICO kensa s. 

Auditor, n. (listener) kiki-te; hocho- 
nin (^IS A ) ; (of a lirm's accounts) 
kansayaku (|j^^9;) ; (of pulilic ac- 
coimts) kicaikei-kcnsakiran (^{{[^'^ 

'B). ... ; .'. ... 

Auditory nerve, cMshinkel 

m). . 

Aug"er, n. nejl-fjiri. 


[ G8 ] 


Ailjfineiit, t.Y. inasu ; fuyasu ; zoka 

to ...... a penalty by one de- 
gree, honkei (t^M) »"' >ft'> (— ^) 
no kincae'ru [Cr. Co.]. 

Aligrinoiit, i.v./(/er» ; zoka s. 

Aujfinoiitatioii, n. zoka. 

Aiijrnu'iitativc, a. zoka sm-u ; ma- 
su ; fiiyasu. 

Alijriiientatively, ailv. mashite ; 
fuyasliite ; zoka sfiite. 

Alljflir, n. rn-ana>ja. 

Alijjiiry, n. (omen) shirase ; zempyo 

Aiij>iist, n. hachi<iwatsu (AH)-, a, t'dM ; ikico (fedcife) »<> 
am ; iijen (^§) no aru ; smijert (1^ 
SS) ^la ; (of a Sovereign) shlson (^ 

Aujifll.stly, adv. iattoku ; sonyen n'l., n. ikiro ; i(jen ; son- 
gen ; (of a sovereign) shlson. 

Aunt, n. ofja. 

Alireoh', n. ijokird (ffllj/fc). 

Aiirifles n of the heart, 

shhiji (,t»]T.). 

left , .sashinjl (S.t»fl^). 

right , u-ahinji (y^>t>lf). 

Alli'isculp, n. mhni-kaU. 
Aiii'ora borealis, Uoldcyokko (fl: 

AiLSOiiltation, n. cld)sh'mh7) (»^ 


Auspices, n. (patronage, protection) 
.0 kiKjc ; hofjo (»i|). 

Aii.spifious, a. (fortunate) me<Mai; 

avji (|St&) "0 yoi ; kitcho {^^) no ; 

dzidrhu (J^Bs^fe) 'to ; srdicai na. 

day, kichinichi ("§ H)- 

AuspicioiLslj-, adv. medetakn ; ewji 

yoh-u ; kitcho ni ; sahcai ni ; dzui- 

cho ni. 

AllspioiLsness, n. engi no yoi koto ; 
kUcJio ; dzuicho. 

Austere, a. kata! ; (harsh) genju (^ 
^) na ; kakoku (=pjfi*) na. 

Au.sterely, adv. kataku ; rjenju ni ; 
kdkokn ni. 

Austerity, n. kakoku ; genkaku (^ 
if^) ; or by equiv. of Austere foil, by 

Australia, n Osutoraria ; GosUu 


Austria, n. Osutorin ; Okoku (^^). 

Authentic, a. (genuine) tashika na ; 
ftouto no : kakvjits^i. (S^^K) "O 5 makoto 
no ; (of news only) ate ni nnru. 
work, hommono. 

Autheiitieate, t.v. (certify) shomei 
(IgHq)*; shokO'tateru {^^) ; inshi- 
kameru ; kakvjitsu ni s. 

Authenticity, n. kakujitsu ; mako- 
to ; honio ; jitsu ; (trnth or falsity) 
.ihinr/i (^fg). 

Autlior, n. (of a Iwok) sakusha 
(f^^") ; chosakiish'i (^f^^) ; chojn- 
tsusha (ffiSlg-); (of a jwrticnlar 
work) kaiti hito. 

Authoritative, a. kensei (^^) no 
aru ; ken-i (^^) no am ; kenryokii 
(ffi:^) no aru. 

Authoritatively, adv. ken ?ii yotle ; 
ken-i (le. 

Authority, n. (legal power) ken {^) ; 
kenrjen (fgli&) ; kenno (^^) ; kempei 
(IftWI); (order) mei; meirei (^■^) ; 
(order, official) kicammei Cb^); 
(power, derived from inflnence, etc.) 
ketiryokii (^fj) : (prerogative) kenri 

executive ies, gyiJseUciran 


local ies, chihokican (Iffl^'B) 

[limited to Prefectiural Anths.]. 

persons exercising , 

(official) chokwan (^ti); kicanri 
C^m; k.ican-in ('^S^). [Tt is a 
common prsictice to speak of the 
office instead of the officials ; as, 
kendui (UU) (the rrefectnral 

Office) for the ies of the 


the ies, tokyokusha (^^•^). 

the ies concerned, sonosuji; 

tdgalkicancho (^tnii'^S) '■> shunin- 
kwancho (±ff 1-||i). 


[ 69 ] 


Authorization, n. ninka (gSnl) ; 

without , yurushl nashi ni; 

mklan nl ; (official) ninka niku ; 
kwankyo ('g'f^^) naku. 
Authorize, t.v. ni'jken ico ataeru ; 
nijinin (^^) ■'<'l (justify) yvrusit; 
menkyo (ffefj^) s ; kyoka (f}=pT) *• 
Autliorship, n. chojutsu (^l&). 
Autobiography, n.jiden ( ^ ff). 
Autobiographer, n. jukn-kis-Jia 

Autobiographical, a.jitlen no. 
Autocracy, n. (loki<sai-seijl (JS^ 

B=5cf ) ; seusel-s-eiji (MM^V-)- 
Autocratic, a. dokusai no ; soisei no. 

Auto<'raticaIIy, adv. dokusnl ni ; 

setisci ni. 

Autocrat, n. senseisha (l^^^y^) ; 

senseik'i cHpi'M)- 
Autograph, n. (yfi[^) ; 
jihitsa (^$:). 

of the Emperor, <jo shim- 

intsu (ii^^0) ; shimpitsa (M^)- 
Autographic, a. jihitsu no; (of a 
Sovereign) go sldmpHsu no. 

Automatic, a. jido no ; jido-ieki no. 
telephone, jido-demca ( g fi)] 

Autoiuatically, adv. jidoryoku 

Automaton, n. jidoki (Sfjjl^); 

juid-ningyo ( g f/j AS )- 
Automobile,'i (^lAJg). 
Autonomy, n. (of government) 

dokuritsu-ken (^j[M)', jitchi (j^fii) 

no ken. 
tariflf , zeiJcen (fftfffi). 

Autopsy, n. (raed.) keashiho (tsSffg 
iS); .shitai-kaiho [J^t^m^]) ; shhio- 
kcnshi {^J^mSi)- 

Autumn, n. aki. 

Autumn, a. aki no ; in CLiueje 
compounds shiiki- (#;:^). 

leaves, koyd (|l^). 

manoeuvres, .s7/ ilki - enshil 

races, .sMki-keU}a (i(f(^.f^!^). 

Autumnal, a. aki no ; (past middle 
age) shoro (93^) no. 

equinox, aki no hir/un (K^) 

Auxiliary, a. hojo (SUM) no. 

coin, hojo-kirrdtfi ( «1JJJi Jtffif)- 

ship, goyosea (ifilffllft). 

verb, jodoshi (i^WM)- 

Avail, i.v. yd (ffi) ni tatsii ; yaku (S) 
ni tatfii. 

not to , kanawDuti. 

Avail, t.v. I will myself of 

your help, o tanond md.sfdma.sho. 

I will myself of yo\ir 

hospitality, go yakkai (Jgf^) ni 

I will myself of your 

kind assistance another time, 
sekk'ikn [ll}if^) no go .<f/t»/«.se<su 
(S.^^) <^^ goz'unvtsa ga go (|i) shite 

I will myself of your 

kind invitation and come, go 
unnai (^^) ni amaele lanirhnisfid. 

I will myself of your 

kind permission, sore de wi o 
kotoba ni anuiete negaimasu. 

to one's self cf, ni'jdzura; 

tcojsaiicai ni s ; icolmochii-rn ; mo/ 

Avail, n. (benefit) kai. 

to be of no , mudu de am; 

dame de am ; nan no kai mo nai. 

medical treatment proved of 

no , ryoyd (j^/H) ga kanaica- 

luii daita. 

without ....... kai nnkn. 

Available, a. yd ni Udxu ; yueki 
(tU) »o; yf(kd\^i^) no. 

a passport for one year, 

ichiiien yt'dcd (— ^|-W^) '"> nienjd 


every means, arayurn shi- 

dan (-f-BJ). 

I have spent all my 

money, mochiaicase no ktne to> 
isnkatle shimatla. 

• not , eraromi. 

there was no money , 

kane ica sukoshi mo eraj'eini datta. 

time for which (a ti<!ket) is , 

(kippii no) tsiiyo-kigen (ifflUL^RR); 

(a licence, etc.) yiiko-kigen. 

to be (valid), tsOyd (iffi/H) ». 


[ 70 ] AWA 

Avalanclic, n. nadare ; (of snow) 

Avant-grnarrt, n. semho (^^); 

Avarice, n. yoku ; yokuhari ; riyoku 
mB)l donyoku (t:g5) ; {jdyokii 

Avaricious, a. yoku no fukai ; don- 
yoku na ; yokuhaita. 
to be yokubaru. 

Avariciously, adv. yoku fukaku ; 

Avariciousness, n. yoku 710 fukai 
koto ; donyoku ; yokubari ; donran 


Avatar, n. iionrjen ({||3fg,). 
Avenge, t.v. nojkataki tco utsu ; 

nojkataki tio torn ; nojada wo muknti ; 

fukushu (Ifi^) s ; (an insult) sosogu. 
to one's self, ada ico mukuu. 

Avenger, n. kafaki ico ntsu Into; 
fukushiisha (iS.W^) > oda^ichi ko 
suru hito. 

Avenging, a. eqniv. of Avenge 
used as adj. 

Avenue, n. (a double row of trees) 
namiki ; naica-te. 

Average, n. narashi ; heikin (^-Kj). 
adjuster, kaison-selsannin 


agreement, krtison-keiyakii- 

sho mvAmi^m. 

clause, kalsoti-joko (f^Ji. 

contribution, kyddo-kalson- 

buntankaku {^^m^^Wm)- 

deposit, kaison-yokin (i§'t§. 

Wife) ; kaison-kyotalcxikin (r§tt^ 


statement, kaison-seisansho 

general , kyodo-kmson (it[^ 

vl^M) [Com. Co.] ; kyoian-bunson 

particular , tokutan-sonshilsu 

on an , heikin; narashite. 

Average, a. narashi no ; heikin no ; 
nami 710 ; (quite ordinary) heibon 
(V/L) no. 

tare, heikin-filtai (^i^®$2). 

above the , hibon (^^M.) no 

[used adjectively]. 

an man, jraiin-nami no hito. 

Average, t.v. narasu. 

Averse, a. to be to, ico,'k)rau ; 

icojiyagaru ; tco/itou ; wolkono- 

Aversion, n. (an object of dislike) 
kirai ; (feeling of dislike) iya-ki. 

to have a feeling of , iyn-ki 

ga sasu. 

Avert, t.v. yoke-ru ; sake-rit ; (turn 
away) somukeru. 

to the face, kao ico 


Aviarj', n. toya ; tori-goya ; tori-beya. 

Avidity, n. yokubari ; musabori. 

with , yokubatte ; musabotte ; 

(of eating) gatsu-gatsu shite ; katsu- 

Avocet, n. sorihashi-chvdori. 
Avoid, t.v. (act so as to prevent) 
is expr. by the neg. indie, pres. foil. 
by yo ni s ; (not to hold intercourse 
with) tozake-ru ; (shun) sakerii ; yoke- 
ru ; nogareru ; manukareru. Y. also 

could not , is expr. by yogi 

naku, yondokoro naku, or yamu uo 
edzv, foil, by the indie, past ; as, 
I could not coming al- 
though I did not wish to, 
mairitnku ica nakatta ga yogi naku 

Avoiilable, a. sakerarei-u ; yokera- 
rern ; manukareni ; nogareru. 

Avoidance, n. equiv. of Avoid foil, 
by koto. 

Avo^v, t.v. kogen (^'^)s; meigen 
(^"g") s ; hyarnei (^Ijq) s ; (crime) 
hakujo (^^) s; nifuku (OE) s. 

AvoAval, n. (act of) equiv. of Avow 
foil, by koto ; (of crime) hakujo. 

Avowedly, adv. oyake ni ; akara- 
sama ni ; kozen (iVf!^) ni ; uchi-akete ; 
meiliaku (Wl^) in. 

Await, t.v. matsu ; (with anticipation) 
nozomu ; kibo (^^) s. 


[ 71 ] 


A'wakK', t.v. okosu ; (out of sleep) 
no/me ico samrtsu. 

Awake, i.v. oki-ru ; ica]me fja same- 
ru ; (fig.) keisei (gfli) 6-, 

Awake, a. are you ? (polite) 

o im-zame de ijozabnasu ka. 

to be , me <ja sxmete oru. 

to lie at night, ne-sobire-ru ; 


Awakening"* ^- ("ct of) equiv. of 
A-wake foil, by koto. 

AAVarrt, t.v. kime-ru ; atae-ni ; (judi- 
cially) savlan Otjj^) ^; shhnpnn 
(^n) s; hnnkeUu (^J^) s ; (of 
rewards) atae-ru ; juyo (J^^) s. 

Awai'tl, n. (in an arbitration) kettei ; 
ketleisho (jjt^#) [the document] ; 
(judgment) hankeisu ; siidan ; 

Aware, a. as you are , go 

shochi (;f:^tl) "o tori ; go zonji no 

to be of, icojshUte oru ; wof 

shochi (ifiJSi) shite oru ; wo/zonjite 

without being of it one's 

self, icare shiradzu. 

Awasli, a. to be , nami rdvti- 


Away, adv from, tco hanareie. 

to te , rusu de aru; iyiai 

[neg. of i-ru]. 

to blow , fuki-harau. 

to do w^ith, icojhai (^) s; 

ivo/hnisld OSlk) •''. 

to fade , kie-use-ru. 

to fling , furi-side-ru. 

to go , ate shimau. 

to put , katadzukeru ; 

shhnaite okxi. 

to run ,mgele .thimau; shup- 

pon {^f§) s ; t'obo (\^tl) •"« ; (from 
a ship) da.s.srn (JJtjJg) s ; (from a 
ship of war) d(d,kaii ((KflE) •* ; 
(from the army) datsuei (88:^) «• 

to run with, (a woman) 

tojkake-ochi s ; (the property of 
others) wo/mochi-nlge s ; ico/motie 

to send , (dismiss) kaesu; 

(drive away) opparau. 

Awe, n. osore ; osore-iri ; Ucei (M.^!c). 

to stand iu of, ni/ki (^) ga 


Awe, t.v. odokasu ; kovcagaraseru. 

to into, foil, by a verbal 

noun is expr. by ni/odo.^hi tea 
kakete, foil, by the causative 
verb ; as, 

to into obeying, ni/odoshi 

ICO kakete shitagaicaseru. 

Awe-inspiringr, a, (of a spectacle) 

.susamashii ; (of persons) ririshii. 

Awful, a. osoroshii; ikico (^'Jt) no 

Awfulliess, n. osoroshii koto ; 
(solemnity) igen (^^). 

Awfully, adv. taihen (;A:g|) ; (slang) 

Awhile, adv. shibaraku ; suko.shi no 
aida ; zanji (^Bj). 

Awkward, a. (impolite) gasatsu. 
(litti) na; setsuretsu (^i^l^) Ji'i'; 
bukitcho na ; (of an affair) komifta ; 
(wanting dexterity) bukiyo (^^/Tl) 
7ia ; heta na. 

AwkAvardly, adv. (impolitely) 
gasatsu ni ; setsuretsu ni ; bukitcho 
ni ; (wanting dexterity) bukiyo tii ; 
heta ni. 

Awkwardness, n. (of an affjiir) 
komatta koto ; (of manners) gasa- 
tsu ; setsvsetsu; (want of dexterity) 

Awl, n. kiri. 

Awn, n. hogi. 

AAA'uing', n. hiyoke ; (in a junk) 
tom-i ; (of reeds) yoshi-dzuppiri. 

Awry, adv. to be , mngaite iru ; 

igaiuJe i-ru ; nejirete iru. 

to get , magaru; igamu; 


Axe," n. yoki ; ono. 

heavy , rmsakari. 

Axillaries, n. waki-ba. 

Axiom, n. kakuroyi {^tSi) ; kaktigen 

(tfra") ; kuro}i ; fubatsu {^W no 



I 72 ] 


Axis, n. sMinho (.tv^) ; jiku (fft). 

of the earth, chijUcu (JftW). 

major , chdjikii {^tA). 

minor , tanjiku (^.ift). 

polar , kyokkei (^@)- 

Axle, n. shingi {.t'>:^) ; jiku (ffl) ; 

shajVcu ($ift) ; sJambo (it'i^)- 
Axle-box, n. kama-guchi [strictly 

the metal cylinder on the outside of 

the hub]. 

Axle-tree, n. y. Axle. 
Ayes, n. sanseisha {^S^^). 

Azalea, n. tsuisujl, 

purple , viikaica. 

red , kirish ima ; satsuki ; 

ho)ikiri ; keragiri [nil different 


white , ri/ukyu. 

Azeclaracll, n. sendan 
Azinuitll, n. chiJiei-kevIo (Jl'Pi^fg); 

Azote, n. chisso (^^). 
Azure, a. sora-iro no. 


B, n. (No. 2) otsu (C). 

Habble, i.v. (utter words imperfectly) 
kata-koto ico iu ; (talk idly) hechn- 
herha shabeni ; ddarame ico iu. 

liabble, n. kata-koto. 

JJabbler, n. shaberi. 

15abooii, n. hihi-zaru. 

JBaby, n. akambo ; .ihoni ('J-^) ; yaya 
[\V. Japan] ; (contemptuously) obo- 
sfin ; gaki ; (endearingly) botcJinn ; 

Babyish, a. (childish) kodomo-rashU ; 

Bachelor, n. (Ivkushin-mono (jg^gj 
■^) ; hitori-mo)tn ; (academical) gaku- 
•-•/"■ (^^±)- 

]$a<*illii.s, n. b<ukin (JHcH) 
plag:ue , peslo-k'm. 

Back, n. (anat.) senaka ; 
(Iful^) ; (inner part) oku; 
house, outside) ura ; vrate ; (reverse) 
ura ; rimen (HM) ; (space behind) 
n.sJiiro ; (of a chair) yokkakari; (of 
a blade) mune ; (of a book) sena. 

of the hand, te no kb ( ^ ). 

behind one's , kage de. 

to fall, lie, etc., on one's , 


(of a 

aomuke, or acunuki, ni korobu, 
ne-ru, etc. 

to tvirn one's , sfurl-muke 

ni s. 

Back, adv. (ago) zen (fj); (of i)lace) 
u.shiro e ; ato e ; usually expr. by 
kaeru, or less commonly by inoloru, 

to come , affixed to the indef. 

form, or following the gernud, of 
an intrans. verb, and by kaesx, or 

less commonly moilos^i, to send , 

affixed to the indef. form of a trans, 
verb ; as, 

to flee , uvje-ka.eru ■^ uigete 


to call , yoVi-kacs^i ; yubi- 


there and , iki-kavrl ; jbge 

( JiT) ; bfukx (ms.). 

to answer , kuchi-gotae uo s. 

to be , kaette oru. 

to go on one's word, kotoha 

ICO hamu ; shokugen (^H) •^• 
Back, t.v. modos^i ; (encourage) no/ 
shiri-oshi rco s ; odaieru ; (bet on) 
nolhb e kakeru ; (a warrant) ni/oJcuiii 
(lir^l) s ; (as, a picture) ura-ttchi .?. 

to oars, ato e kogu. 

to up, .tuke-dachi s ; tto/koen 

(^g) ICO s ; nojushiro-flate ni nam. 


[ 73 1 


]$ack, i.v. (move backwards) ato- 
i/ori s. 

to out (fig.), aUj-shlziiri s ; 

ato-bisshari s. 

Kaekbitc, t.v. nojkage-'jnchi ico in. 

liiwUhone, n. sebane. 

15ack<loor, n. nra-fiucld. 

I?a<*kjj^aniiii<m, n. x>i<joroku (!^>n). 

JSackjjatc, n. vra-mon; (of a castle) 

KacksroiliKl, n. (of a. picture) 

ti'mil ; ashirai. 

to relegate to the , noke- 

mnno ni s. 
l$a(;kpiece, n. (armour) sena-aie. 

13ack-r**ut, n. (of a house) yacMn 
no todokori. 

ISat^kroad) u. ura-michi. 
Backroom, n. oku no ma ; oku- 

upstaii-s , nra-nika'i. 

13acksi(le, "a.tishiro no lid; ura no 
ho ; (buttocks) shiri ; ketsu. 

Kackslirtc, i.v. (apostatize) daralii 

mm s- 

IJackslider, n. daraku shUa hito. 

l$a<*kstreet, n. ura-dorl. 

Backt<)otli, n. okuba. 

Backward, a. (behind time) o.soi ; 
(in civilization) hirakennl ; (in learn- 
ing) okute na. 

country, koshmkokn (f^ 


to be , okure-rn ; (of an indus- 
try, etc.) fushvi (^^) de aru. 

Backwards, adv. (back foremost) 
n.sldro-mrtki iii. ; (towards the back) 
afo ('. 

to fall , )i(>kezorH ; aomuk'i 

id korohu. 

to go , ato e iiiodoni, or kaerii. 

to look ffuri-kaeite nd-ru. 

to read , sdkayomi s. 

to turn , (i.v.) ato e maiea7-u ; 


to walk , alo-dzuscrl v:o s. 

liackwasli, n. vi'^-nmn'. 

Backyard, n. ura-rdica ; (of a 
countiy-house) sedo-niwa. 

15a coil, n. * ; rakan ; shio-buta. 

bacteriological, a. saikingakujo 

mm^.±.) no. 
Bacteriology, n. baiklngakv. (§5:0 

^) ; .saikingaku. 

Bactrian camel, niho-rakuda 


Bad, a. vxtrul ; yoku nai ; furyo 
(^H) 'na ; (unprincipled) furachi 
iia ; (as, for the health) gat nl mtni ; 
yfigal (^^-) na. 

face, akH.<io (^;ffl). 

faith, akui (sg^^J [Com. Co.]. 

language, akko (MP). 

man, nknidn (MA); vcaru- 


milk, furyo-gynnyu {7f.% 

priest, akuso (Mf^)- 

to go (of provisions), tamtku 

narii ; sue-ru. 

Badge, n. me-jirusld ; klslto (^1^). 

Ba<Iger, n. an/i-guma : mam! : 
[taiiuki, the usual rendering, is 
projierly the rac<x)n-faced dog, 
nyctenites procyonoides]. 

Ba«lg«'r, t.v. ijhne-ni ; (with qiies- 
tions) najiru. 

Bad-liearte<l, a. kara »«> tcanu ; 
}inra-k>a'oi ; mtine no yoku nai j 
akiishin (M't*) "^■ 
Badly, ac]v. rcnrnkii. 

behaved, (in manners) gyo- 

gi (f f^) no inrirnl ; (in conduct) 
'.ly'jo (ilVi) no 9carui ; minux-hi 
no wand ; fiili!»ko ('^naff) na. 

built, tniekata no trarid. 

made, f>Mleki no. 

Badness, n. iranti ko/o; ikeoni 

koto ; J'ltryo (:^K)- 
Bad-tempered, a. tacM notcarui; 
seUihiLsu (tiK) no icanii ; (of animals) 
olona.'ildkH nai. 

Baflrt**, t.v. (an effort) ninda ni s ; 
(a person) shikiij!m.<!e-ru ; .sldppai 
{■9<Wc) sase-ru ; nljippai kuicase'TU 
(vulg.] ; (as a pursuer) hadzusu. 
to be d, wiida ni uam. 


[ 74 ] BAL 

i5ag", n. fulcuro ; (travelliDg) kdhan ; 
(sporting term) emono ; (as an aux. 
numeral) hyo (g|) ; as, 1 of 

rice, konie ippyb ; 2 s, nihyo ; 

3 s, samhyo ; 6 s, roppyo ; 

10 s, jlppyo; 100 s, 


folding , ori-kaban. 

hand , tesage-kahan ; (lady's) 

.sh ingen-btikuro. 

rice , kome-daicara. 

straw , taimra. 

Bagrgragfe, n. nimoUu {^uiWi; J^^ri 
(ff^) ; ktcamoism (Jt4^'5) ; (personal) 
ie-nimoi.^u ; keitaihin (J^Mfqu). 

train (of an army), shlcho 


Kajfjyy, a. to get at the 

knees, wa]hiza <ja fukureru. 
Bail, t.v. (of the judge) nijhoshaku 

wo yui'usu ; icolhoshaku ni fu (|^) s ; 

(of the surety) hoshaku shite morau. 

JBail, n. (release on bail) hoshaku 
[Cr. Pro.] ; (money) hoshaku-kin (^ 
f^:^) ; hoshdkin (^if ^) [Cr. Pro.] ; 
(snrety) hoshonin (i^^\). 

to admit to , nilhoshaku irn 

yimisu [Cr. Pro.] ; (on the personal 
guarantee of relatives) sekifu (j^ 
-ft) .5 [Cr. Pro.]. 

Bailiflt; n. shittatsuri (^^M) [Cr. 

Bait, n. PS1 ; e; (lure) eba ; otori. 

Bait, t.v. to a hook, hari ni 

esa ICO ts^lke■7•u ; hari ni e ico sasu. 

to a horse, uma ni kaiba ico 


Baize, n. arai keorimono. 
Bake, t.v. yaku. 

to be d, yake-ru. 

Baker, n. panya ; panyaki. 

Bakery, n. panya. 

Balance, n. (weighing machine) 
hakari ; temhin ( 5^ff ) [with sus- 
pended beam] ; kambin (<^-^) [on 
pedestal] ; (of an account) sashi-hiki ; 
(remainder) sashihiki-nokori ; nokori- 
daka ; zankin (^^) ; zangaku 
i^M) ; (to debit) harai-nokori ; 'hiki- 
oi ; (equipoise) isuri-ni ; (fig.) kenko \ 

mm). 1 


carried forward, litrikoski- 

Baldric, n. kyoju 

Bale, n. tori ; hyo (fi|) ; tsutsumi. 

Bale, t.v. to out, kai-dasu. 

Balk, n. (beam) o-gda. 

Balk, t.v. no' jama wo s. 

ISall, n. mari ; (toy) ie-mari ; (bullet 
tama; (dance) ^u/o/i-icai (^^^). 

of string, tama-ito. 

firing with cartridge, 

jitsudaa-shageki (K?fW^)- 

tennis , tama. 

to play at , mari wo isukv. 

Ballad, n. naga-rda. 

Ballast, n. soko-ni ; karu-ni ; ftni t- 

Ballet, n. shibai no odori. 

the Kyoto , miyako-oilnri. 

Balloon, n. fusen (^iJ5) ; keikH-ju 
(f^M^) ; (toy) /nseuHlama. 

of power, kinsei (^^) ; 

.seiryoku (^:fj) tto kenko. 

the (astron.), tembinkyu (^ 

Balance, t.v. (t-ounterpoise) isuri- ! 
to an account, kessan 

mm s. 

to one's self (or one thing 

on another), tsnri-ai wo torn. 

Balane<', i.v. isuri-an. 

Balance-sheet, n. taishikii-inish'>- 
hyo {m^mmn) [Com. Co.]. 

Balancing:, n. (of accounts) kcistn 
mm ICiv. Pro.]. 

Balcony, n. nikai no engawa. 

Bald, a. (hairless) atama no luigeia. 

patch, hage. 

to become , wd^tamt <jf 


Baldaquin, n. tengai (^^). 

Balderdash, n. iaicai mo nai knto. 

Baldhead, n. h'tge-aiama ; (opi:: jI- 
rious) yakan-atama. 


[ 75 ] 


Kallot, n. tbhyo (i5:^). 

box, tohyokwan 0^1%^). 

closed , kimei-tohyo (fE^ 

opening' of the , kaihyo 


to open the box, kaiko 

unsigned , mukimei-tohyo 

liaUot, i.v. tdhyo s. 
Ballotiiijy-paper, n. tuhyo-ydski 

BsiUu, n. nyuko (|L#). 
I3alsain, n. hdsenkwa. 
Baltic, n. Baruio-kal. 

Balustrarte, n. tefiuri ; (of a bridge) 

rankan (jf§f )• 

I$aiu1)00, n. take ; [common varieties 
are mailakn used for gutters, medake 
for laths, yadake for arrows, hachiku 
for fences]. 

b. nana, horaichiku (^^\]')- 

b. senanensis, suzu. 

grass, or dwarf , sasa. 

s and trees, chikuhokxi. (itT^)- 

black , kuro-dake ; kuro- 


Bamboo-ware, n. take-zaiku ; chik- 

j^i (Its;?)- 

BaiJiboozIe, t.v. baka ni s. 
Ban, u. kinsel (*^3il])- 
ISaiiaiia, n. (tree) hasho (ffijf^) ; 
(fruit) * ; hasho no mi. 

Band, n. (fillet) himo ; (company) 
nakama ; kumi ; (belting) shirabe- 
(jmra ; (for tightening waist-coat, etc.) 
.shbne,-a(je ; (strii)e) suj'i ; (of music) 

a (as of colour), ittal (— ^IJ). 

belly (of a horse), hara-obi; 


military , (/ungakutai (^ 


waist , obi. 

Band, i.v. to together, to wo 

rmtsubii ; totb (Wfj^) ico krmii ; 
danketmi (Bl"^/) *• 

Bandagre, n. hdtai {W^) ', fnaki- 
momen ; (worn by pregnant women) 


Bandbox, n. kami-bako. 
Bandit, n. sanzoku (UlM)- 
Band-inaster, n. gunqakuchb (^]t 


Bandolier, n. sage-gatca. 
Bandsman, n. gungakushu {W-^z^')- 

Bandy, t.v. to words (of abuse), 

uri-kotoba nl kai-kotoba tco s. 

Bandy-leg'g'ed, a. ashi no magaita ; 
icuni-ashi ixo. 

Bane, n. doku {%) ; gai (^). 
Bang, n. (of a gun) don. 

with a , don to ; patan to. 

Bangf, i.v. (as a door) aoru ; hata- 
bata s. 

Banish, t.v. wigasu ; tsuiho (ijlJ5() -v. 

to to an island, sfdma-naga- 

shi ni s. 
Banishment, n. (punishment) ruzai 
ixkU); ryiikei (f^M) ', (to an island) 
ento (x^^) ; shima-nagashi. 

Banisters, n. tcsuri. 
Banjo, n. (Japanese) samisen. 
Bank, n. (of earth) dote ; tsul.fumi ; 

(dyke) teibd (t^^) ', (of a river) kisld ; 

Icaicabata ; kaicabe ; (for money) 


of England, Elran-ginko 

of Japan, ISippon-ginkb. 

both s (of a river), ryogan 


industrial , kicangyo-ginkb 

opposite (of a river), teir/on 

ififv)- ^ 

savings , chochiku-gmko (Jx 

Bank, t.v. (enclose with a bank) nij 
dote wo kidzuku. 

to up the fire, sekitan C^f^) 

ICO tsunii-age-ru ; hi wo ikeru. 
Bank-bill, n. ginkb-tegata ; kawase- 

Banker, n. qinkbkn (^ff^s?) ; gi'^o- 
sha (ilff*). 


[ 76 ] 


Banking:, n. ginkb-ehjyo (^h^W)- 
Bank-manager, n. fiinlco sMhni- 

nin (^fT>c@EA) ; fjinkd-tddorl. 
Banknote, n. ginkoken (^ff?^); 
{jlnko-shihei (Mffi^K) ; .satsu (41) 
[general term for paper-money]. 
sham s, tjicanro-shihei (5cff 

Bankrupt, a estate, hasan- 

zaidan (^MUM)- 

to become , hnsans; sh'm- 

dai-kagiri ni naru ; bunsan {^M) 
s ; tsnbure-ru ; botsuraku O^) s. 

Bankrupt, n. hasanshn (^^^) ; 
bunsanniii (^^ A)- 

Bankruptcy, n. hastm [Com. Ck>,, 
t'iv. Co.]. 
adjudication of , ha.san-sen- 

koku (sj^i:^-). 

Banksia, mokko-himi (?|c§ 

Banner, n. haia; haia-jirvshl ; 

(sficrecl or festival flag) nobori. 

Imperial , k'niki (ggflf). 

Bann.s, n. kekkon (fej(g) no yokokn 

Banquet, n. enkirai {%^): no 

Banquette, n. todn (JSU^). 

Bantam, n. chdbo. 

Banter, t.v. chakasn ; h'lynkasu ; 

Banter, n. hiyakashi. 

Banyan, n. yusu. 

Bapti.sni, n. senre'i (gfejg) ; b<ipu- 

of infants, ybnen-seisenshiki 

Baptist, n. Sldiird-kybio (fgJiS?4!$). 

s, (church) Shidzinne-kydkicai; 

Sh'mrei-kyokicai (r§if |if&) ; (sect) 
Shiiveiha (^g|iR). 

Baptize, t.v. mlsenrel tco okonau. 
to be d, senrei leo nke-ru. 

Bar, n. (bolt of a gate) kicannuki ; 
(of a sUding door) shimbari-bo ; 
(cross-piece) yokogi ; (implement of 
wood) bb {J^) ; (of metal) kanabo ; 
(bar-room) * ; sakaba ; (dock, old 

style) shirasu ; (new style) hikokit 
(^a) no sekl (^) ; (of a river) kaica- 
guchi no su ; (mus.) shosetsu ('J-»S5)- 

s (of a cf^e), koshi (if^^). 

silver, ginkicai (^i^). 

the (lawyers), bengoshi (|^^- 


the of public opinion, 

yo)-on (^tm) »'» se'isai {UW- 

to be a to, Kolsamatage-m. 

to be called to the , bengo- 
shi nx) vienkyo (^f^) tco uke-ru. 

Bar, t.v. (a door) nilkicanmiki tco sasu, 
or orosu ; m/sMmbari ico kau ; (law) 

to the "way, tosembd wo s ; 

tsuko (31iff) «co samatage-ru ; mi- 
chi wofusagu. 


kaeri : 

n. (of a fish-hook, etc.) ago ; 
kakarl ; (of an arrow )kaeri. 

Barbarian, n. yaban (iPI-^) : bavj'n 

Barbarity, n. zankoka (jg|gS). 

Barbarous, a. yaban na ; (uncivi- 
lised) mikai (7^^) no ; (cruel) znn- 
koku na ; zanniu (J^S) "^'- 
custom, roshu (Pg^)- 

Barbarously, adv. muzan (to;^,) nl. 

Barbel, n. (of a fish) ftige ; (the fish) 

Barber, n. rihrd.tushi (3gg6$) ; i<>- 

's shop, tokoba; rihatstden 

Barberry, n. luii-Twboradzu. 
Barbette, n. hoza (fig^). 
Bard, n. skijin (IJA)- 
Bare, t.v. hadaka ni s. 

to the body, hada icn nagu^ 

Bare, a. hadaka ni ; (imornamented) 
kazari no nal. 

mountain, hage-yaum. 

Bareback, adv. to ride , hada- 

ka-uma ni noru. 

Barefaced, a. atsukamiuihii : tetsu- 
mempi (^ffi^) na. 

lie, makka na ^^so. 

Barefacedly, adv. atsukamashiku. 


[ 77 ] 


liarefoot, adv. snashi ni ; (out of 
doors) hadashi ni. 

Bareheaded, adv. kahuri-mmio mi- 
shi ni. 

Barely, adv. yatto ; yatto no koto de ; 
karaku ; wadzuka ni ; karojite. 

to escape death, shini- 


Bargain, n. (contract of sale) haibal- 
keiyaku (ggfgj^) ; haiyaku (S|^, 
or §$^) ; tori-hiki ; (cheap purchase) 

money, tetsuke-kin ; ietsuke 

[Civ. Co.] ; snshikin. 

into tlie , omake ni [placed 

at the l)eginning of a clause]. 

to strike a , te ico xttsu ; te- 

itirase icQ s. 

Bargain, i.v. kakehiki tco s ; negumi 
ICO s. 

I did not for that, sore xca 

mnri iia vhiimon (fcfelSt) da. 

Bargaining', n. kakehiki ; negumi. 

Barge, n. (small) hashike ; hashike- 
hune ; (lai^e, of European shape) 
daruma-sen ; (worked by oars) iem- 
ma-sen ; (house-boat) yane-bune. 

Baritone, n. ckfuselon (rp^gf). 

Barium, n. * ; jiido (fi±). 

Bark, n. (of a tree) kawa ; (medi- 
cinal) hokuhi (tK^); (dog's) hoeru 

Bark, t.v. nojkatca ico har/asu, or 
muku ; (as one's shin) no/kaica ico 

Bark, i.v. hoe-ru ; wan-ican to naku. 

to at, nilhoe-kakai'u ; ni/hoe- 


Barley, n. u-mwji. 

Barm, n. kojl. 

Jiarii, n. naya ; mono-oki, 

Barnabas, n. Bariinaba. 

Barna<*le, n. ehoshi-gai ; fujitsuho. 

Barnacle-g<)ose, n. (Hutchins') 


Barnardia jaimnica, saiidai- 

Barometer, n. seiukei. 

aneroid , mueki-seiukei (Mjj^ 

Baron, danshaku (^||) ; dan. 
Baroness, n. danshaJcu-fvjin (|5i| 

A, A-dan-fvjin. 

Barque, n. samhon-hnskira no ho* 
mae-sen [lit. 3-ma.sted ship]. 

Barraeks, n. heiei {^'^) ; ton-el 
(itLI?) : hcis-ha (STi^) ; euiho (^m)- 

square, einai-naitei (^pi-fc 

confinement to , eiso-kinko 

to break , datsuci {f^^) .*. 

Barrel, n. (cask) taru; [1 , 

hito tarn] ; (of a gun) tsutsu ; jfi.'^hiii 

rifled , senjdkd (m^n). 

to brown a , jCishin ico run- 


Barrelled, a. double gun, 

nirenji'i (:r.-^$^) ; soshinjil (U^ 


single grun, tumpaimiju (^ 

f^lS); ta>u^hi»ja (^l^m- 
Barren, a. (producing no fruit) mi 
no naranai ; (of land) yaseta ; fumo 
(^^) »"> ; (unprofitable) mueki (fct 
S) na. 

land, yase-chi; are-chi. 

woman, umadzn-me. 

Barr<'n\vort, n ikariNo. 

Barricade, n. sakn (jflj). 

Barricade, t.v. (a street) ni/saku 
ico kidzuku, or tate-ru ; (a door) nif 
.fhimari ico fsuke-ru ; (a house) nilto- 
jimari rco .<s. 

Barrier, n. (wicket) k'ido ; (parti- 
tion) .ihlklri ; (at a gjiard-house) 
kicammon (^P5) ; ("« formerly at 
Ilakone) seklsho (^fff) : (%.) kya- 
heki (a&jSI) ; shdheki (K^m)- 

Barrister, n. bengo>ihl (WMl:) ; 
daigeiiitin (ff^'A); (at the English 
har) josh i [ViM)- 

Bar-room, n. * ; .mkaha. 

Barrow, n. (vehicle) te-gimiiiin ; 
(mound) Isuka. 


[ 78 ] 


Barter, n. kokican (^J^) ; koeJd (^ 
$j ) ; iorikae ; sudorikae. 

Barter, t.v. kokwan s ; koeki s ; tori- 
kae ru ; sudorikae ni s. 

Bartholomew, n. JBarMoromai. 

Barytes, n. ryiisan-judo (^S§®±). 
Basalt, n. hashira-ishl. 
Base, (that on which a thing rests) 
ashi ; (lowest part) ne ; (of a pillar) 
ishi-dzue ; hashira-dai ; chfikyaku (i^ 
19) ; (of a mountain) fumoto ; (fig.) 
moto; fjenso (tc^) ; (of a triangle) 
kisen (j^ifiS) ; (in the game of base- 
ball) * ; (in the game of " prisoner's 
base") ne ; (chem.) enki (|gJE). 

angles at the , ki.sevjo ( 2£^ 

_h) nokakuC^). 

angles below the , kisenka 

no kakit. 

hospital, yobi-byoin if^^^ 


of operations, (mil.) konkyo- 

c/»Mm5lflj); sakufjen (mn) I (ge- 
neral) ashi-damari. 
prisoner's , onUjokko. 

Base, a. iyashii; hiretsu (^^) n't; 
fjehin (Tna) ^"i ; 2/o/'* (fff-^) no. 

Base, t.v. sue-ru. 

to (a judgment, etc.) upon, 

tco (hankefsu, etc.) no riyii (^fy) 

to s, or dodai (±.^) ni s. 

to be d upon, ni/motodzuku ; 

nilyoni ; nijjunkyo (?pJ6) *• 
Baseball, n. * ; ijakyii ; yakijfigi 

m^m- ' ' 

Baseless, a. atokata mo nai ; mukon 

Base-line, n. kisen (^Sg). 

to lay down a , kisen uo 


Basely, adv. iyashiku ; gehin ni ; fu- 

kyd {^^m ni. 
Basement, n. room in the , 

ikkai-shita ; sJdta-zashiki ; chjica- 

shitsu (tillT^)- 
Bashful, a. uchiki na. 

to feel , u:d]ma, or kimari, 

ga icarui ; icd]hadzukashii ; hadzu- 


Bashfully, adv. Jutdzukashigatte ', 
hajikande ; ma no icaru-so ni. 

Baslifulness, n. uchiki. 

Basic, a. (chem.) ji- (^), 
Basil, n. sweet , eararagi. 

Basin, n. (small) domhuri ; (large) 
hacki ; (for washing the hands) cho- 
dzu4)achi ; tarai ; (for washing snke- 
cups) haisen (^t^) ; sumasld. 
metal , kana-darai. 

Basis, n. (foundation) dodai (±^) 
(fig.) A(.vo ( JEfiS) ; moto ; dodai 
motoi ; yoridokoro ; konkyo (fKJj|) 
(standard) hynjnn (j^^) ; (of na- 
tional poUcy) kokuze (^^). 

Bask, i.v. to before the fire, 

In ni atalte ne-ru. 

to in the sun, hinata- 

hokko s. 

Basket, n. (with a handle) kago ; 
(without a handle) zaru ; (tortoise- 
shell shaped) kame-no-ko-zaru ; (fish- 
ing) hiku ; (used as an eeltrap) uke ; 
[jakago are bolster-shaped s fill- 
ed with stones and used for embank- 
ing rivers]. 

fire tea, kago-cha. 

fish , (trap) do ; (for keeping 

fish alive in) ikcsti ; efu. 

steaming , seiro (^f^). 

wickerwork (for baggage), 


Basketful, n. a , kito kago. 

Basket-work, n. kago-zaiku. 
Bas-relief, n. asa-uk'ibori. 
Bass, n. (fish) the nearest alhed fish 
in Jajmn is the suzuki. 

Bass, n. (mus.) tcion ; ieiombu ((5#hH»)» 
Bastard, n. tefenaskigo ; shiseiji (l^ 
^^); (child of a concubine) inekake- 
hara no ko ; irakibara no ko ; (re- 
cognized by father but not legiti- 
mized) shoshi ()*;?)• 
Baste, t.v. (sewing) kuke-ru ; nij.thi- 
tsuke uo kake-ru ; kari-nui s ; (cook- 
ery) abura ico tarashite yaku. 

Bastinado, n. ashi-iataki no kei 


Bastingf-thread, n. .<ihifsiike-iio. 


[ 79 ] 

Biistioii, n. ryoho (^f^). 

Bat, n. (animal) komori [a. n. hiki, 

E5]; (used in baseball, cricket, etc.)* ; 


Batch, n. one ,hUokumi; (of 

(looked food) hito kama. 

the fi rst , ich ibamm e no bun 

Bath, n. (hot) furo ; v. Bath-tub 
and Bathing. 

hot s (natural), o>i,se;i (iS.)^) ; 

iqjlha (•(^mm)- 

sea-'vrater s, (hot or cold) 

kaiiuii/oku ; (hot) kaisui - onyoku 


steam , musld-furo ; mushi- 


to give a cold to, ni[nudzu 

ICO abise-ni. 

to go to the (public), yu ni 

iku ; sento (15}^) ni iku. 

to go to the mineral s, 

loji. (jl^y^) nl iku. 

to prepare the , furo wo 

tatern ; yu no shitaku ico s. 
to take a (not in the bath- 
room), fjyozui (ff^K) KO tsukau. 

to take a cold , miclzu. ni 

h/tira : (douche) rnidzti tco ahi-ru. 

to take a hot , yu, or fui-o, 

nl halru ; nyi'ito (A?^) ^ I nyuyoku 
(Ait?) ■*• ■ 
Bathe, t.v. ni/yu, or midzu, ico ahi- 
seru ; (a wound) arau. 

Bathe, i.v. (in cold water) midzu wo 
t.snkau ; midzu ni ■ haii-u ; (douche) 
midzu ICO abi-ini ; (in warm water) 
yu ni haini , yu wo tsukau ; (in a 
shallow bath) koshi-yu wo tsukau. 
to in the sea, umi ni hairu., yiu/a ; furoya ; sento 

(ISi^Jli)- ^. ' ' 
Bathing, n. (swimming) yuei (fjf 

i^) ; suiei (7hr^). 
cold-water , reistiiyoku (?■§• 

sea-water , kaisui-yoku (^^ 

Bathiiijf-drawers, n. sarumata; 

ham-mo niohiki., n. kaisui-meri- 

ytrsv; oyiu/i no kimono. 


n. yukata ; yu- 



Bathing-place, n. yfieijd (ii'/f/Ki^) ; 
suieiba (TKi^s^)- 

Bathroom, n. yudono [not of a 
pubhc bath] ; furoba. 

Bath-tuh, n. furo ; furo-oke ; sue- 
furo ; (metal-bottomed) goenwmburo ; 
(in public bath-house) yubune. 

Baton,, n of command (of 

general of Old Japan), saihai (jjj 


field-marshal's , f/f/wujjo 

Battalion, n. dailai (k^). 

one , i (•/(?■, or ikko (— J^^l. 


Batten, n. (of a door) san ; (of a 
loom) osa. 

Batter, t.v. sanzan ni ut.tu. 
to down, huchi-taos^i. 

Battering-ram, n. the Japanes*- 
substitute was a heavy mallet termed 

Battery, n. (assault) <'xl,t (tS^T) : 
(fort) hodai (fiSp) : daiha C^iM) '> 
(electrical) denchi ("^itlb): (t)f artil- 
lery) hbhei-chidtn (Jit!iT;-'|>[{S). 

a of field artillery, ijuseu- 

hohei-chutai (mW^liK: '[' ^i )■ 

field , yahoda; (lliHiM^). 

masked , imp'.i-lio<i<ii 

storage , chikudenehi (^^ 


voltaic , ryiidenchi (fj^^ilt). 

Battle, n. tatakai; sen-^ii (Kfe^); 
kassen (^m.)- 

array, jlndate. 

formation, .><entd-taikei {^^ 


hymn, gnHka (iprsf^). 

in extended order, s<iiik<ti- 

decisive , /.•cs^se/^(^^E). 

line of , .fenre/.si/.sT/i (IK5'"iIfeft). 

the thick of the , sh>ini 

mm) "'> ''iiitnoh, im)- 


[ 80 ] 


to l3e killed in , uchi-jini s ; 

sens/n (fj^^) s-. 

to form a line of , senfofien 

to join , kvsen (^11^) n. 

Battl«*-axo, n. masakari. 

Battl«'-<-ry, u. toki no koe. 

to raise the , toki no koe uo 

ii<jf rii. 

BattU'door, u. htujo-Ua. 

and shuttlecock (the game), 

tif/tihdiii' : luriietsiiki; oihnrjo ; (the 
nrtii'les) luno'-liftfjoita. 
to play at and shuttle- 
cock, IkDii- iro tsrikn. 

Batth*ti«'l<I, n.smjo; kassemho ('^ 

ancient , ko-senjo ("SW^)- 

Batn<'iiu*ilt, n. hazama; hime-yuki. 

BaHle-sliip, n. sentdkan (WMIS.)- 

Bawd, n. zi'ijeH {-k^). 

Baw<liii«'ss, n. o-rjudd. 

Ba"\V<l,v, a. o-f)uchi nu. 

book, xraraihon. 

picture, shuntjica (#!ii). 

to talk , b-gnchi ico kiku. 

Bawl, i.v. oki nn koe, or o-goe, rro 
(iatiu ; (lowiru. 

Bay, a. heni-tohiiro no. 

horse, heni-kurUje ; kage. 

Bay, n. (of the sea) iri-umi ; uru ; 
Iri-e : in compounds, -ican (Jj|) ; as, 

Tokyo , llikyo-ijcan. 

s and harbours, koican (]% 


Bayonet, n. ken (gj) ; (triangular) 

JW.90 mw)- 

charge, juso-kogeki (^^ 

exercise, jilken-i-eiiso (^fSJi 

MB); ji'ikenjutsu ($kW^)- 

fix s ! isiikekeii. 

sword ,juken. 

to charge s, keii ico kamae- 


to fix s, ken tco isiike-ru. 

to unfix s, ke7i tco hadzusu. 

unfix s ! tore ken. 

Bay-window, n. de-mado. 

Bazaar, n. (industrial) kirankohn (84 

charity , jhenkjcn i ( ^. # § ), 

B. C, kigen-zen (^ytm- 

Be, i.v. (1.) Followed by a prejK)- 
sition : (of animate beings) i-ru ; oru ; 
(of inanimate objects) am ; as, it is 
on the cabinet, tanftu no ne ni am ; 
9(i am may be replaced by de am ex- 
cept when am is used attribiitively ; 
as, the book which is on the 
cabinet, iansu no tie ni am hon. 

Politer forms of am are arimnsu, 
gozalmasu ; of i-m, imasii ; of oru, 
orinvmi ; honorific equivalents of 
i-ru and oi'u are o ide nasam, o ule, ira.ssham, irasshaima.tUj 
orare-ru, oraremasu. De am com- 
monly contracts to da ; de gozairna.tu 
to desu. Of aru the negative forms 
are iiai, arlmasemi ; of i-ru. inai, 
ivvtsewi ; of om. orauli. <irimasei)>i. 

(2.) Followed by a predicate : 
de am ; as, he is a doctor, nrf ira 
(.<Aa da ; it is certain, lashika da. 

The Japanese InHeeted adjective in 
its simple form contains in itself tlie 
ide.i of the present teQse of the verb 
to ; a-s, is bad, irarui ; some- 
times no da, n'da, or da is added ; 
otherwise the adverbial form of the 
adjective, which is Hable to certain 
contractions exemplified l>elow. is 
n.sed in conjunction or combination 
with am, or an equivalent ; as, is 
bad (polite expression), vcarfi gozni- 
mas-ii ; was bad, icamk-atta ; is 
not bad, rraruku nai ; icaruku ari- 
inasen ; irarfi gozaiina.fen : icamku 
ua. gozaiina.sen. 

(3.) As an auxiliary verb : 
follo^^^ng the gerund of a transitive 
verb i-m and oru have the force of 
an English continuativc present ; as, 
kitte 01-U, is cutting ; am a semi- 
passive force ; as, kitte am, is cut, 
— to be distinguished from the true 
passive has been cut, kirarela ; 
following the gerund of an intransi- 
tive verb i-m and oru have the force 
of a continuativc present ; as, matte 
oi~u, is waiting ; or of a perfect ; as, 
kite aru, is come. In the case of 
Jajjanese \ orbs of which the present 


[ 81 ] BEA 

tense is inceptive, to is rendered 

either by the past tense of the verb 
itself, or by the gerund with orn ; as, 
tsukare-m, is getting' tired ; 
tfiukareia or f.sukrirete oru, is tired. 
For the formation of the passive of 
Japanese verbs vide Chamberlain's 
Handbook § 303. In conjunction 

^ with Chinese-Japanese words to 

is rendered (n) by sum ; as, ryfikb, is fashionable ; (?>) by sMta ; 
■ shUc oru ; as. liuson sldta, is injur- 
ed ; [c) by sare-ru ; as kmido sare-ru, 

to disinherited ; {cl) by ni 

natUi ; nl natte oru ; shite aru ; as, 
liaishi nl naifa, is abolished ; or 
(e) by a periphrasis ; as, to ex- 
amined, shiken im uke-ru. 

that as it may, soi-e tea so to, 

if that so, so naraba. 

is not ? <l€ rca naika ; ja nai ka ; 

us, isn't he crying ? naite iru ja 

nai ka. 

is to, hadzu da ; the funeral is 

to take place at 12, sdgi (f^^) 

icajfmiji, ui shU.ko {^^)suru hadzu 


there is, there are, aru. 

to in, (at home) uchi ni oru ; 

(ijolite) orare-ru ; o uchi de.'ni. 

to out, (from home) dete oru ; 

(of a fire) kiete oni. 

to up (out of bed), okite oru. 

to let , uichatte oku; sono 

iiifima ni shite oku. 

Hcaoll, n. hnmahe ; hnma; umihe ; 


Bcjiclicoinbcr, n. r/orotsukl. 

Hosicon, n. (signal-fire) karjari-hi ; 
(for mariners) rippyo (il^) ; se- 
jh-ushi ; (post) miyogul. 

l$<'a(I, n. tama. 

s of perspiration, fama no 


portiere, tama-sudare. 

glass s, mtnkin-dama. 

to count s (of a chaplet), 

jitza wo kuru, or isunm-guru. 

lit'uk, n. kucM-hashi. 

I5<»a III, n. (wooden) Arm ; keta; (of a 
balance) hak<iri-zao ; sao ; (of the 
sun) hikari ; hizaslil ; kwosen (itW<) 5 
(of a ship) haba ; f sJiDo (il-Ji^). 

abaft the , ■\ shbd-(jo (IPgl 

l?eaii, n. m'lnm. 

broad s, sora-ni'ime. 

French s, inr/en-mame. 

haricot ...... s, daidzu (AM.)- 

Indian , adzusa. 

[Other kinds are .lasage ami 

Beanciirrt, n. tdfa. 

Bear, n. kuma ; (com.) uriyn. 

's collar (marking on throat), 

tsuki no rca. 

brown , hir/mmi ; (nrsus 

arctos, var. coralis) akaijunvi [found 
in Yezo]. 

polar , sldro-kumti . 

the Great , hok<do-sA ; liokn- 

to-shirhisel (;lt^'I- bA' ) ', hn'jun.^id 

Bear, t.v. inotsu ; (endure) koraeru ; 
shinogu; (with patience) sh!iiiho'(:^': 
Jfe) *■ ; ganvm (Utlg) n ; (in the mind) 
fukurnu ; (on the back) shou ; o^uu ; 
(give birth to) umu ; (fruit) nuisulni ; 
i\su. expr. by mi ga nam [lit. fruit 
is borne] ; (as a strain) nijlue-rii ; 
(as, insult) shinohu ; (take upon one's 
self) hiki-uke-m. 

he ran away because he could 

not being scDlded bv his 

master any longer, shujlu w. 
kogoto ICO iicarete iamaramtl kara, 
shimai ni kake-dashite shimatta. 
he was born in Tokio, Tokyo 
umare da. 

I cannot it any longer, 

mb do shite mo koracrarcnal. 

I cannot to see such 

cruelty, .sonna rnugol kolo iro 
mlru ni shindf/umi. 

I can't this hot weather, 

kono atsiisajd tanuiranai. 

to a grudge against, nij 

urami ico fukiamt, or idaku. 

tp charges, hlyb ico mots-u. 

to in mind, kokoro-gakcte 


to interest, ica]rishi (fij^r) 

ga tsuku ; bonds ing in- 
terest at 5 p.c, ifo^iH-tsidci no 
kosai (^m- 


[ 82 ] BEA 

to off, mo!(e /A"» ; (a prize) 


to the costs of a suit, 

sosko-hiyo (i^lSg/fl) irofutan (g 

to witness, .fhokn-ilafent ; 

.'ihonin (ISA) "'" fotsv. 
to be born, nmare-ru. 
to be born again (by transmi- 
gration), nmare-kairaru. 
to bring to (gnns), mukeru. 

JBcar, i.v. (by the compass) ni/ataru. 

to up, shikkari shite orv ; ki 

ICO tashika ni molsu. 

to upon, (have application 

to) niikwankn (^^^) s; nijkanau; 
ni/ktcan s ; (lean iipon) ni/yori- 

to with (tolerantly), kam- 

ien (gJlP) s ; kannin (®S.) s. 

KearablC, a. shinogi-yoi ; shmof/are- 

Ke'ard, n. Mge ; ago-h''je ; (of wheat) 
no(je ; hashika. 

Hearer, n. (of a letter, etc.) Is-ukai ; 
tsiikai no mono ; jlsamvn (|$^ A)- 
company (mil.), eiselfai (^ 


chair , kago-kaki. 

cheque to , mrtklmei-shiki (M 

gE ^ St ) no kogitte [Com. Co.]. 

coffin , hUs^tgi-kakl. 

standard , kishu (i^^-). 

stretcher , (J^JS 

Bearingr, n. (manner) kyodd (^U) ; 
.shiucfii ; sobvri ; (appearance) yosu ; 
(relation) kicankei (g^^O ; (of a place) 
ho'jaku C^l^) ; idd (fir^) ; hdi. 

magnetic s, ji.shhi-h<ji (^$f 

to take s, hogaku tco miru. 

Bear.skiu, n. kuma no kaica. 

IJeast, n. kedamono ; chikiisho (§4) 
[nsed also as a term of abuse]. 

birds and , kinjil (fti^). 

man and , jinchiku ( A ^). 

Keat, n. (of a sentry, etc.) morhiha ; 
(of a ijoliceman) junra (jW^) no 
inlchi-siiji ; (of the pulse) myakiihaku 
{M\%) ' ^'t'^' ' (luint on a large scale) 
mak'-gori. , 

on one's , junkwaichu (j^EI 

Beat, t.Y. (1. persons) utsu ; hxt.'rn ; 
naguru ; od-t (^fl) s ; doyasu [vulg.] ; 
(with repeated blows) tsudzuke-uchi 
ni .s ; raiidn (gLtl) *; (thrash) cho- 
chaku (fj®) .s- ; (2. things) idsu ; 
(with repeated blows) tataku ; (as a 
carpet) hataku ; (in a contest) nij ; ico/makasu. 

to down (price), negiru ; 

fumi-tao.s^i ; t.<nike-konasu. 

to in a door, to tco uchi- 


to off", oi-hnrau. 

to out thin, usvku tataki- ; xchi-ndbasu. 

to the alarm, keiho (^^) 

iro ut.sii. 

to the assembly, shugo-fa 

to the charge, shingeki-fu 

(iiSf^> 'CO "'a-w- 

to the reveille, kisho-fu (^ 

J^fl) tro utsu. 

to time, hyosld OdJ-) wo 


to to death, uchi-korosu; 


to up, (ingredients) kaki- 

nmzv-rx ; (giime) kari-tate-ru. 
to be en by, nijmake-ru. 

Beat, i.v. (win) katsu ; (of the heart) 
doki (i/if!^) ga s ; odoru ; (with 
alarm) doki-doki s ; (of the jjulse) 

to about the bush, mimiri- 

kudoi hanashi uo s, 

to in (of a ship), magiri- 


to to windward, kazn-kami 

ni magiru. 

Beater, n. (of game) karl-tatenin ; 
seko (^^) [obs.]. 

Beating", n. (thrashing) chocliaku ; 
(victory) iichikachi ; (of the pulse) 
myakidiaku (fl|St$). 

to give a to, nifbo ico 


Beatitude, n. {}H.T.)fuknigen (i^W)- 

I Beau, n. sharemono ; 7neka.s}iiya. 


[ 83 ] 


Beautiful, a. ut^ukiishii ; klrei (^ 
g) na ; hirei (^M) '*<* ' fippa na ; 
mifjoto na ; urutcashil ; kiryo no yol 
[of persons only]. 

Beautifully, adv. rippa ni ; kirei 
ni ; migoto ni ; utsukvuihiku. 

Beautifj', t.v. kazaru ; rippa ?u .«. 

to one's self, mekasxi ; ya- 

tsusu [W. Japan]. 

Beauty, n. utsukushisa ; bi (51) ; 
(good looks) ii kiryo ; (grandeur) 
rippa na koto ', (a belle) hijiii ; heppin 

mSx) ; W^j'i^ (^BA) ; hikei (m^)- 

a (when seen from behind), 

haimen ("f^ffi) «o byin. 

Beaver, n. kairi ('i^M)- 

B<'cause, conj. kara ; yue ; yve ni [all 

Because of, prep, no tame ni. 

Beclie-cle-mer, n. (fresh) namako ; 
(dried) iriko ; (better quality of same) 
kinko CJt^). 

Beckon, t.v. maneku ; te-maneki s. 

Beckon, i.v. te-maneki ico s. 

Become, i.v. ni/naru ; to/iMru ; kwu 
[with geriind] ; (following an adjective 
form in ku) nam ; mitte kuru ; also 
expr. by the pres. tense of incep- 
tive verbs; as, isukare-ru, to 


to a man, otona ni rtaru. 

to easy to understand, 

icakari-yoku nara. 

to " gradually colder, (Z«h- 

dan samnku naito. kuru. 

to useless, yaku ni tatanaku 


what has of, v:a[(lo shita ; 

wajdo natta ; wajdo shita n'daro. 

Become, t.v. nijniau. 

Becoming', a. (of dress, etc.) niau ; 
utsitri no yoi; (proper) /wsaw;rts/iu ; 
•w^o (^11^) na ; soo (ffiRK) na- 

Becomingly, adv. yoku niau yo ni ; 
(as occasion requires) sold ni. 

Be<l, n. toko ; nedoko ; (of a river) 

furniture, ne-dogu. 

camp , fyasho (fflpf^). 

ccal , tanso (j^H-)' 

dry (of a river), knirnra. 

flower , kicadan (i't®)- 

oyster , kaki-hnnskokvjd (tt 

tai k i n g in , ne-mo)iogatari. 

to be in , nete ojnt ; fusetie 


to go to , M-ni; ynsumu; 


to make the (Japanese), 

toko ICO nohe-ru ; ioko too shiku ; 
toko rro io)~u [of these the first is 
most, the last least, elegant], 
to take to one's , dotto ioko 

id it^ilk'l. 

to take up the (Japanese), 

toko iro tniamu, or age-ru. 

Bedaub, t v. ni/nuri-chirakaj>-u ; as, 
to a gate w^ith paint, mon 

id perJii ICO 

ed w^ith, -darake [{xjst- 

positive] ; as, it is ed with 

ink, inki-darake da. 

Bedchamber, n. nema ; w-iieya ; (?J^). 
Bedclothes, n. yagn (^ft): (<iinlts) 

futon; (sleeved-coverlet, thick) yogi; 

(thin) kaimaki. 

Bedding, n. yagu ; (ceremony) toko- 
iri ; (for horses) hiki-xcara ; ne-xcara. 

Bedmate, n. (in immoral sense) ai- 

Bedroom, n. v. Bedchamber. 
Bedside, n. makurn-molo ; mtikura- 


Bedsore, n. iokn-zwc. 

Bedstead, n. nedai. 

Bedtime, n, nerujikan. 

Bee, n. hachi. 

honey , mitsu^mchi. 

queen , me-hadd ; nyoo-^jachi. 

Beech, n. &i»ia. 

Beef, n. gyuniku (-^1^) ; "■'•'/'' '•<> 

niku ; gyu. 
Beefsteak, n. Uifuii'ki. 

BEE [ 8i 1 


Beo-Ilive, n. hachi no sti. 

Beer, n. hiiru ; hakiishu. 

brewery, bakvshu-jozijjo {0 

draught , iaru-biiru. 

Beeswax, n. miisuro C^i^). 

Beet, n. (bot.) tojisa ; cJtosen-na. 

Beetle, n. various kinds are koyane- 
mnshi ; smkachi-musld ; kahuto- 
inunh'i \ mushi and kaichu (St^) f^re 
generic terms for s. 

Beetle-l>ro\ved, a person, 

odeko ; clekosuke. 

Beet-root, n. aka-kalm ; hi'd.<iu. 

l?efall, t.v. ni/mi ; ni/kakarn ; ni/soiju 
(iffiia) .s- [E. obj. -r- J. subj.]. 

a misfortune has en me, 

.stihiun (iJiW) ni att'i. 

Befit, i.v, ni/soo (ffllE) •">'• 

Befitting', a. soo na. 

Befog-gred, a. to be (fig.) 

fjnr'Mnuclifi (5.3.^4") '"' uniwiyou. 

Befool, t.v. haka ni s ; ijurb (;S#) •'<■ 
Het^n'ef prep, and conj. (of jjlace) no 
map nl ; (of time) mte ni ; )«» suki id ; 
7io mae ni ; zen ni, or ize)i. (yX\]il), with 
words of Chinese origin ; (in advance 
of) ni sakidatte ; (with a vb.) mae ni 
with present tense, often in the 
negative ; ucld ni with neg. present ; 
zc)i ni. 

long', chikai iichi ni; tb- 


one's face, menzen (M35) »i ; 

me no mae de. 

this (in historical nanation), 

kore yori saki. 

he fell with a groan he 

had time to draw his sword, 

kaicDM ICO nuku ma mo wkn un io 


just , chodo foil, by future of 

vb. with to SH7-U tokoro e ; as, just 

I went out, clibdo di'kah'yd 

to sum iohoro e. 

Before, adv. (of place) mae ni; (of 
time) mae ni; saki ni; sen {^) ni ; 

izen (^Btt) ni ; kanefe ; (till now) inui 

I have heard of this , Awe 

■)ra nvxe ni mo kiita koto ga arn. 

I never understood it , 

tifijimete rrakatte kita. 

the same as , moto no tori; 

izen no tori. 

BeforeliaiKl, adv. maemotte ; araka- 
jime ; mae kara ; saki kara ; kanete. 

to be with, no/sen (^) irn 


to make up one's mind , 

saki kara mi koyide oku. 

BefrieiKl, t.v. .letea s; tasitke-ra; 


to be ed by, no/seira ni nam ; 

no'yakkai (/g^) ni nai"u. 

Begf, t.v. (ask) negau ; tanomu [iro 
following object if a noun, yd ni 
foUowiiig dependent vb.] ; kon 
[with a noun only]. 

I your pardon, <j(nneii.(^fji) 

nasai, or kudasai ; mappira i/omeii ; 

osore-iriiiuish ila. 

to earnestly, koiu/iran (^ 

to pardon, ayamam ; 


Beg:, i-^'- (solicit charity) mono-morai 
s; kojiki uo s; (of a dog) ddndiin 
■wo s. 

I chinchin. 

Beg'et, t.v. (a child) kosldrne-r" ; 
(cause) sfi('>jin(. 
only begotten son, hitori-go. 

Beggar, n. kojiki ; mono-m,orai ; 

(belonging t* former caste of s) 

hirdn (#A) ; (in slnng) yatsu ; yarb- 

Beggar, _t.v s description, 

ira]meijb (^JUc) gn dekinai. 

Beggarly, a. kechi na. 

Beggary, n. sekihin ( jjig). 

the end will be , hate ica 


Begin, t.v. hajime-m ; (be the first 
to commence) shi-kake-ru ; (set on 
foot) okosu. 


[ 85 ] 


Begin, i.v. hajimaru ; (arise) okoru ; 
(as a meeting) hiraku. 

to on (a job), nijtori-kakaru; 

nijchakushu (^^) s. 

to to, expr. by -dasn and 

-hajime-ru in comp. -with inilef. 
form of vbs. ; as, 

to to blow, fuki-dasn ; to . . . 

... to do, shi-dasu ; to to 

rain, furi-dnfiu ; to to speak, 

ii-dasu; to to use, tsukai- 


-kake-ru in eomp. conveys the 
idea to and leave un- 
finished ; as, a book I began 
to read, yomi-kaketa hon. 

Begiiiiior, n. shinzan-mou.o (30?# 
^) ; nartnnl mo)io ; (student) siioqa- 
kusha (D]^^«). 
Beginning', n. kajimari ; hojime ; 
(opening, as of a negotiation) kalshi 
(Bflliu) ; (origin) okori ; moto ; hottan 
(1^^) ; inoto 110 okori ; (of the season 
of the dog-days) iri. 

at the very , massaki nl. 

of spring, haru-sakl. 

of the world, sckai-kai- 

hynku (Ht^Opm). 
Begone, interj. ike. ; doro. 
Begonia grantlis, shnkaido [^ 

Begi'U<lge, t.v. (money, trouble, 
etc.) osliima. 

Beguile, t.v. tizamuku ; mayon-nsu ; 

to away, obikl-dasu. 

to away the time, foki v.o 


Behalf, n. on of, no lame iii; 

ni kdwatte ; no kaicari ni ; (in the 
name of) 7io meifji (:^.ig) Je ; (as 
representing) ico/daihyo shiie. 
to act on of, ni/lanomare-ni. 

Beliave, i.v s well, Ka]gy')gi 

(ja yoi. 

to towards, ni/shiinnke-^'u: 

(parents, husband, or master) ni/ 
tsukae-ru ; (child, wife, or servant) 

Behaviour, n. (deportment) gydgi 
(^ril) ; {iy<>jo (^"rik) ; tachi-funtim.1 ; 
(habitual) iniinnrhi; hinkd (,mff); 

okonai ; (towards others) shimuke ; 
(on particular occasion) sohuri ; kyodo 

(mwi) ; dosa mm. 

Behead, t.v. no/kubi wo kiru. 

Behearting", n. uchi-kubi ; zxmto 
(Iffl^) '• (punishment) zamai [tfxM)- 

Behind, adv. nshiro ni ; ato nl. 

to be (late), okure-ru ; to be 

far , haruka ni okureru. 

to leave , nokoshite olcu; 

(forget to bring away) oki-wasu- 

to lemain , nokoru; ato ni 

nokoru ; i-nokoru [of persons only]. 

Behind, i^rej). (at the back of) no 
nshiro ni ; (at the back side of) no 
lira ni ; (screened by) no kuge ni ; 
(further back than) no ato ni ; (follow- 
ing after) no ato kara ; no ato ni 

to be (inferior to), niloyoha- 

nai ; ni/otcn-n. 

to bind with the hands 

the back, nshiro-de ni sltibaru. 

to talk about one one's 

back, kage-go(o tco in. 

Behindhand, adv. to be , 

okure-vH ; ato ni nam, ; osokn nam. 
to be with (a payment), gaj 


Beholder, n. kemtjuts-unln (Jl^lIjA): 
mii'u hito. 

Belioves, imper. vb. it one to, 

ica/kanyo (|f^) de aru. 

Behring Sea, Beringa-kai. 

Being, n. (living thing) ikita mono-, 
mhuisn (ill?^). 

human , ningen [K^) 

to come into (as of a con- 
tract), seiritsu (,5c J/1) *'• 

Belaboui", t.v. randa (SLIT) s; 
tsudzuke-uchi ni s ; bunnagiiru [vnlg.]. 

Belated, a. osomaki no. 

Belch, n. okuhi ; geppu (jg^). 

Belch, i.v. okubl wo s ; geppu .f. 

Belching, n. geppu. 

Beleaguer, t.v. torl-kakamn. 

BEL ■_ [_8« ] 

Be'lfrv, n. shord (^ift) ; kane-isvki- 


Belgrian, n. Berinji-jin. ^ 

Belgriiini, n. Beritgi (65^)- 

Belie, t.v. to one's looks, 

mikake ni yoramii. 

Belief, n. (persuasion of trath) 
shinyo (ftffl): (personal opinion) 
kantjae : shoshin (fffiU) ] (religious) 
shinkoshin (fsPp't^)- 

my is that it is a lie, 

icaiakushi iio omou ni kifto uso 

Believe, t. & i.v. (think true) shin- 
ji-ru ; iashika ni onu>u ; honio (p+C^), 
or inakoto, to omou ; .sfnnyd s ; (in 
religious sense) shinkii s ; shinjin 

(0#) ■'••• 

hard to , sh iujl-fja ta i. 

to firmly that, tojkakushin 

(fiSlft) ■'. 

to in (a person), tcofshinyo s ; 

nijshln wo oku. 

to be unable to , woj'shwji- 

kaneru ; ica'shinjirarenai. 

Believer, n. shinja; shinto (fa{<^) : 

shinkosha (faW*)- 
Bell, n. kane; (ball-sbapetl) suzu ; 

(hand- or house-) rin (0^) ; yoblriit ; 

(to ring in the \dnd)/M?-irt ( 
alarm (in trains), (rrssha-) 

keihdki {^Mm- 

electric , denrei ( ^^). 

fire , hanshb (4=lt)- 

signal , gosho (ik^)- 

temple , tsuri-gane. 

to ring a , kane ico narn-oi. 

Belladonna, n. repr. by scopolia 

japonica, hashiri^okoro ; oxf.'.i- 

gusa ; roto (^^). 
Belle, n.byin (^X); heppin (^l]i^) : 

Belles-lettres, n. hungaku (X-^). 
Bellicose, a. (fond of war) ikusa- 

dzuki na ; (provocative) choserdeki (|/t 

Bellig^erent, n. (state) kosenkokti 

( 5i! iJc i;2 ) ; ( person ) kosetusha. 
Belljar, n, haikisho (^^^). 

Bellow, i.v. iDmru ; hoe-ru. 

Bellows, n. fuigo ; (foot) tatara ; 
[fvki-dake is a iMunboo tube used 
in Japan to blow xip a fire]. 

Bellow.s-fisll, n. fuigo-uo ; sagi-hve. 

i Bell-pull, n. kane no Inkiie. 

Bell-riugfer, n. (in the Jaiianese 
manner) kane-tsuki. 

Belly, n. hara ; o naku [usetl hj 
women] ; (children's word) pompon ; 
(of a musical in.strument) dii (fl(^). 

to lie on the , utsuhushi ni 

7^vru ; haramJ}ai ni nam ; vi.fiilnt- 
shite neru. 

Belly, i.x.fukurern. 
B e 1 1 y , t . V. fuk-urasii . 

Bellyaclie, n.fukufsu (jjj/ig) ; hara- 
to have a , ica]hara ga itai. 

Bellybancl, n. (worn by men next 
the skin) dwnaki ; hara-inaki ; (worn 
by pregnant women) hara-dbi : (sjid- 
dle-girth) hanihi ; fiara-obi. 

Bellj-liil, n. to eat one's , 

hara-ippai ni tahe-rn : li'tra-sanirtn. 
ni tahe-rii. 

Belong:, i.v. to to (bo the 

proi>erty of), no nvHut de aru ; no; 
shi>ya (Wr^) de ant ; (be a part o!:) 
iiiifiaokn (PfJ^) « ; nijzolm s ; nij 
isuile oru. 

to to the department of 

(of an affair), nojkakari de aru. 

BeIong:ing:s, n. shojihin (^rf$«i); 

Beloved, a. kaicaii ; choai (S|^-) no ; 

saiai (§i&) no. 
Below, prep, (underneath) no shifa 
ni ; (in a document) no fsugi ni. 

directly , no ma-shita ni. 

that is cost-price, .•sore tea 

motone ywi yasui. 

to be , (inferior to) ni/otoru; 

(unworthy of) nihii-tiitanai. 

to be sample, mihon yorl 


Below, adv. shita ni. 

above and tjoge (±.T)- 


t 87 i 


Belt, n. ohi (worn by men next the 
skin) domaki ; hara-makl : (secnring 
woman's sash) ohi-flome ; oii-shime ; 
(mecb.) shirahe-gawa ; chotai (gfi^^)- 
leather , kaica-obi. 

ISeiiioau, t.v. nageku ; kanashimu. 

Heiicll, n. shofji (J^}]j) ; nagai koshi- 
kake; .ntzumi-dai [an open-air seat 
usually 6 ft. by 3] ; (carpenter's) 
daralban ; (judges) hokican (Sc'b); 
saibnnkvcan (iHc^l'g) ; (judge's dais) 
hanjiseki (f\\^1^j) ; jodan (i®). 

Bend, t.v. (malie crooked) mage-ru ; 
(curve) sorase-rn ; (double) 07'u ; as, 

to the knee, hlza ico orw ; 

(fig. to one's will) nahikasti. 

to the body, mi tco kagame- 

m ; kagannt ; to (the body) 

backwards, n-olnokezom. 
to the neck, kogomu. 

ISeilcl, i.v. magaru ; (under a weight) 
shbiaa ; (warp) awu ; (of a slack rope) 
tarumu ; (of fruit-laden branches) 
iawamu ; (before the wind, & fig.) 

Bend, n. inagnri ; (corner) kado ; 
(from warping) sori. 

Beneath, prep, no/shila ni ; (un- 
worthy of) nljni-aicanai. 

Beneath, adv. sMta ni. 

Bene<licite, n. (canticle) hammotsu 
[W,Vin) no sho {'^). 

BeiKulietion, n. (the prayer) shitku- 

io mm). 

Beiie<l ictus, n. Zakariya no sho. 

Benefaction, n. megumi ; (dona- 
tion) megumi-kin. 

Benefactor, n.onjin (,1LA)- 
Beneficence, n. on ; ontaku (,1^.?^) ; 
inegunii ; juikei dz'^,). 

Beneticial, a. (to, »io) tame ni nam ; 

(to, no) eki ni naru ; (to, ni) yucki 

(^ii) na. 
Benelit, t.v. (confer benefits) megn- 

mu ; (advantjige) no/tame ni naru ; 

noji-ieki (fiJS) ni naru. 

Benefit, i.v. moke-ru; (improve) 
.sakan id n'tru. 

Benefit, n. (advantage) rieki (^iJSi); 
eki ; kai ; (profit) moke ; rieki ; 
(favour) on (,§.) ; (conferred by 
treaty) ben-ekl (Miii). 

s, onkei (if.^). 

for the of, no tame ni. 

to be unmindful of s, on vco 


to receive s, on wo ukeru; * 

071 ni naru. 

Benevolence, n. Imkiiai (^^) » 
jizen (^#) ; namke ; jihi (^.f^,) 
jinkei (tlB.)- 

BeneA'Olent, a. jihi-bukai ; nasake- 

society, jizenkicai (^,##). 

Benevolently, adv. jihi-bukaku I 
nasake-bukaku. j 

Benighted, a. (fig.) mono ni kurai 
ankoku (F|^^) na. 

Benig:hted, p.p. to be , yo ni 

iru ; kuraku naru. 

Bent, n. (propensity) kuse ; (ten- 
dency) ka'amuki. 

Bent, a. & p.p. inagatia ; iganda. 

a person solely on money 

making, tameru ippo no Into. 

to be (with age), u:a]koshi ga 

magatte oru. 

to be on, ikigomi ga nru ; 

zehi (J^^) with desiderative adj.; 

as, is on g^ing, zehi 


Benuinhed, a. to be , (with 

cold) kajikamu ; kogoe-ru ; (lose 
sensation) shibire-ru. 

Benzine, n. *. 

Benzoic acid, ansokkosan ("if-.Q, 

Benzoin, n. ansokko. 
Be<nieath, t.v. nokosu ; yuigon 

(iSa) <'e; iryi'i (jga) s ; 

(as a memento) katami ni okuru. 

Bequest, n. yuimotsu (ig4^) ; kata- 
mi; izo (ifiHa) [Civ. Co.]. 

Berberis japt>nica, hiragi-nan- 

b. vulgaris, hebi-nol}oradzu. 


I 8« J 


Kercaved, p.p. to be of, ni/ 

shini-okure-ru ; nijokure-ru ; nij 

15<'roft, i).i). to be of, Ko/tcyra- 


Beri-beri, n. kakke 
• Berniuda-gras.s, n. gyogi-shiha. 

Berry, n. mi. 

Berth, n. (deeping place) ioko ; 
(situation) kuchi; ichi (ticS) ^ i^^- 
choring place) kakari-ba ; byochi 
(SStt); 'e'A-eyo (^!g/9f); ielhakvjo 

to take up a (of a ship), 

Bertliiiijf-ofli<'er, n. teihakujo- 
shUei-fjakari (WU^t^&m- 

Beseecll, t.v. orl-itte negau ; iatte 
negau ; tangtcan (SclSI) * 5 ko)igiran 

Beset, t.v. nijsemaru. 

Beside, prep, (at the side of) t%o 

sohn »u ; »io tcaki ni. 

it is the question, mondai- 

girai (KH^'h) (Jearu. 
Besides, i^rep. >io hoka ni ; no ve 

id ; no hetsu ni. 
ISesides, ady. (in addition) hoka ni ; 

het.tu (gfl) ni ; (moreover) amassae ; 

sono «e ni mata ; omake ni. 

Besiege, t.v. tori-kakomu ; kakomu ; 

d, rojo (^ftg) Jio. 

ingr army, kojogun (jScM^)- 

Besmear, t.v. nijmiri-rhirakasu ; ni/ 

ed with, expr. by -darake 

iia ; -muhure jii [post-positive]. 

Besom, n. hold ; kusaAjoki. 

Bespatter, t.v. nijhane-kake-ru ; m*/ 

hiikknke-ru ; nijhane-chirakasu. 

ed with mud, doro-darake 

J>esi>eak, n. (order) atsurae-ru ; chu- 

nion (^^) s ; (arrange beforehand) 

nuie-^notte tanomu; mae kara yaku- 

tiokti {^'M) shite oku. 
Besprinkle, t.v. nijfuri-kake-ru. 

Best, a. ichihan yoi ; .saijo (§ J-,) no ; 
iohikiri no [the latter two words are 
chiefly used in trade] ; (very good) 
goku yoi. 

the class of, jdto {±.^) no. 

the in Japan, 2fihon-ichi 


the in the world, lenkn- 

irhi no. 

the plan, toku.^akn (fJJiS). 

Best, adv. ir.hiban yoku. 

Best, u. at , ichiban ii to shiia 

fokoro de. 

the plum blossom is now at 

its , nme no hana tea tadaima 

migoro, or sakari, da. 

to make the of (an inferior 

article), ma ni atrasefe oku. 

to the of my knowledge 

and belief, t V" "" ■'<fiirl-uru 

to the of one's power, 

fhlkara no oyohu kagiri. 

Bestiality, n. {lnst)juyoku (^sk). 

Bestow, t.v. atae-111 ; .sndzuke-ru ; 
fuyo (PfJ^) s : hodokosH. 

to pains on, xrojhone-otte s. 

to have (a rank) ed upon 

one, nij jo {^) .serareru ; (a deco- 
ration) icojsndmkerare-ru. 

Bestride, t.v. nilmatagaru ; (sit 
astride of) ni/matagam ; nifuma- 
nori ni naru. 

Bet, i.v. kane ico kake-ru. 

1 on the chestnut, »'•'»^;- 

kushi ica kurige ni kake-ru. 

Bet, n. kake. 

Betel-nut, n. hinroji (^® dP). 

Bethink, t.v. to one's self of, 


Betimes, adv. yoi jibun ni ; (early) 
asa hayalru. 

Betoken, t.v. .^himesii; nojshirushi 
jii naru ; (be a symptom of) nolchoko 
(©fel) <i^ «™; nojzencho (fltf^) de aru. 

Betray, t.v. (one's count i-y) urn ; (a.s, 
a friend) otoshi-ireru ; (as, a plan to 
the enemy) naitsti (^j^) « ; uragiri 
shit" .s}iira\e-ru ; (a secret) morasv. 


Betroth, t.v. ii-nadzuke-ru ; ii-nadzu- 
ke .9. 

Betrotlial, n. U-nadzuke. 

...... presents, yuino (r^^)- 

Betrotlied, a. U-nadzuke no. 

Better, a. motto yoi ; the compara- 
tive is usu. expr. by " good than " ; 

as, this is than that, sore 

yori kore f/a yoi ; by hodo yoi in such 

pbrases as the bigger the , 

okii hodo a ; the fewer the , 

■lukunai hodo ii. 

it is to, expr. by ho ga ii, 

ho (ja yokaro, or mashi da ; as, 

it is to give it up, yoshita 

ho ga yokaro ; it is to go, 

ittaho ga ii; it ia not to 

go, ikanai ho ga yoi, or mashi, da. 

still , iiao ii. 

to be than, ni/masaru. 

Better, adv. motto yoku ; (with more 
advantage) isso ; mushiro ; isso no 

I am much to-day, kyo[ ica 

oki ni yoku narimashita. 

to feel (in health), kokoro- 

yoku nam. 

to get , kwalho ('K>&) ni 

omomuku ; kwaiki (tfe^) ni mukau. 
Betters, n. me-ue. 
Betting, n. kakegoto. 

Between, prep, no aula ni ; (of 
places) no aida ni ; -kan (fm\) ni. 

1900 and the spring of 

1901 (an indefinite period), 3Ieiji 
33 nen kara 34 neii no hayu ni 

some time 9 and 10 

o'clock, kvji yori jilji made no 
aida 7ii. 

let this be ourselves, kore 

ica uchi-uchi no hnnashi ni shima- 
sho; kore wa kono ha giri no hana- 
shi ni shimasho. 

to get , no/akla ni hasamaru. 

to hold , no j aida ni hasamu. 

to hold the teeth, ku- 


to keep (have in common), 

moyai ni s. 

Bevel, n. waikaku {^Pi). 
Bevel, t.v. nijnuirumi ico isuke-ru. 


Bevel-square, n. tsugai-sasMgane. 
Bevel-AVlieel, n. waikaku-shirin (^ 

Beverage, n. nomimono. 

Bevy, n. (of birds) mure. 

Bewail, t.v. nageku ; kanashimu. 

Beware, i.v. ki wo tsuke-m ; ki wo 
yurusanu ; yudan (vftRf) shinai. 
...... I ki wo tsukeyo. 

..^... of pickpockets I suri go 
yojin (fl1)Il>) ; kicaichiimono go yojin. 
to of, (followed by parti- 
ciple) expr. by yo ni ki ico tsuke-ru 

following a neg. vb. ; as, of 

catching cold, kaze wo hikanai 
yo ni ki wo tsukeyo ; (abstain from) 

Bewilder, t.v. madoicasu ; mago- 

to be ed, inagotsuku ; mago- 

mago s ; uro-uro to s. 

Bewitch, t.v. (deceive) hakasu; 
talnirakasu ; (possess, as an evil 
spirit) nijtori-tsuku. 

to be ed, taburakasare-ru. 

to be ed by a fox, ni]kitsune 

ga isuku. 

Bewitching", a. (of a woman) hore- 

hore sum ; aikyo (^i§) no ant. 
Beyond, prep, (further on thap) no 
saki ni ; (on the further side of) no 
midco ni. 

expectation, ig^cai (jEJ'h) 


this I know nothing, 

kono ]ioka ni naui im> shiranH. 

he lives three doors my 

house, icatakushi no taku kara 

sangcn (HW) saki ni om. 

is the scope of, nojhan- 

i-gwai (SES^'b) de am. 

that is him, sore \ca ano 

hito ni oydbanai koto da. 

that woman is expression 

"beautiful, ano onna tea hi ni 

ixcarenai hodo utsickushii. 

to go (, xco/sugi-ru; 

wo/iki-sugi-ra ; wojtori-kosu. 

Bezoar, n. god CF-^^). 

Bi- (cliem.)jr«-(i|:). 


[ 90 3 BIL 

J3ia.S, n. (partiality) eko-hiiki ; hem- 
pri.shin (^^>Z'>) ; fiempa ; henko (fig 

Biassed, a view, henken (jg 


to be , ippo (— ;j&) ni kata- 


to be in favour of, nopiiiki 

wo s. 

Sib, n. yodare-kake. 

Bible, n. seisho (gH) ; seikyo (^fJC). 

Bibliophile, n. hon-zuki ; shomotsu- 

ijiri (^rfl#). 
Bicarbonate of soda, * ; ju- 

iansan-soda (M^^W^)- 
Bichloride of mercury, shoko 

Bicycle, n.jitensha (g?S$). 
Bicycle, i.\.jiie)isha ni noru. 

Bicycling:, Bicyclist, u.jUensha- 


Bid, t.T. nilii-tsukeru. 

to groodbye, (for a while) 

itoma-goi tco s ; (when visiting) 
itonui tco mosu. 

to up tlie price, ne ICO se2-i- 


Bid, i.v. (at an auction) ne tco isii- 
ke-ru ; ire^ie tco s. 

Bid, n. ire-ne ; tsvke-nedan ; tsuketa 

Bidder, n. nei-i-te ; kyobainin (1uft 
A) [Civ. Pro.], 
successful , raktisatsunin {^ 


Bidding", n. to start the , 

yari uo ireru. 

Bide, t.v. matsu. 

to one's time, jisetsu (t^Si) 

tco matsu ; kikicai (|^^) tco imi- 
tsu ; tstigo tco maisu. 

Bier, n. koshi. 

Big, a. okii ; oki 7ia ; in compounds 

o- or dai-; as, a "wave, o- 

nami ; a bottle, o-bin. 

about as as this, kono 

ktirai oki na. 

as as a hen's egg, keiran- 

dai (H^B;^) no. 

and little, daisho (iz^h)- 

to be with child, harande 


to talk , taigen {-M"^) «"'> 

haku; konuin (iSi^) tco iu; o- 
huroshiki tco hiroge-rti. 

Big-aniy, n.jiikon (M®)- 

Big-bellied, a. hara no oki na. 

Bignonia grandiflora, nozen- 
kadzura. j 

Bigot, n. Jtenktttsunn (jgM A). 

Bigoted, a. guanko (j^^) na ; hen- 
kutsu na. 

Bigotry, henkutsti. 

Bilateral, a contract, sdimi- 

keiyaku («g^f^|^) [Civ. Co.]. 
Bilberry, n. (fruit) /(yi?nmt. 
Bile, n. ia»ju (afJt)- 
Bilge, n. funa-zoko. 
Bilge- water, n. aka. 

Bilious, a. to feel , tcajmune ga 


Bill, n. (beak) kuchi-lHtsJd ; (account) 
kanjo-gaki ; kanjo (ffll^) ; kakitsu- 
ke ; kaki-dashi ; tsuke ; (statement 
of particulars) kakiisuke ; (com., 
note) tei/ata [Com. Co.] ; (pari.) honn 
(^^) ; ' gidn imM) ; an ; (for the 
revision of a law) kaisei-an (^iE^). 

of costs, hiyo-keisansho (3^ 

fflthSC*) [Civ. Pro.]. 

of divorce, rienjo (H^Vi)- 

of exchange, kaicase-tegnta ; 


of fare, kondaie; shiivi-ijak'i. 

of health, kenko-shbsho (\^ 

^HS); kenzen-shosho (tg^lgg). 

of lading, funadzumi-sho ; 

funnni-shoken ; senka-shoken ()|5tp/ 

W.^) [Com. Co.] ; kicatnUsu-hiki- 

kaesho [Com. Co.]. 

of sale, haUjai-shosho {'g_^ 

ISH) 5 uriicatashi-sho. 

exchequer , dkura-shoken. 

play , handzuke. 

Bill-broker, n. tegata-nakagainin. 
Bill-collector, n. kaketori ; shu- 
kinkata ^^M 


[ 91 1 


Sillet, n. (situation) kuchi ; ichi 

a of firewood, maki ichiica. 

Billet, t.v. (quarter) yado-wari s ; 

lilllet-cloiix, -n. iro-humi ; ens/to (fg 

Billeting", n. (of soldiers) shukuslia- 


Bill-hook, n. (for splitting fire- 
wood) maki-wari. 

Bllliarrt-rooni, n. iamatsuki-ha ; 


Billiards, n. tama-tiuki. 

to play , tama wo tsuku. 

Billiard-table, n. tamatsuki-dai. 

Billow, n. o-immi ; hato (tffe^). 

Bill-stamp, n. shoken-inshi (M^W 

Bill-sticker, n.fuda-hari. 
Bi-nietallisiii, n. fuku-honi-sei (fg 

A^^U) ; ryokwasei mnW- 
Binary, a stars, shinju-fukusei 

Bind, t.v. (tie) shibaru ; iicae-ru ; ku- 
kuru ; (a book) toji-ru ; (with an 
edging) ni/heri ico tsrike-rn. 

the book is well bound, seihon 

d^TJsC) 'ja yoku dek'de oi~u. 

to (several volumes) in one, 

ijappon (-^Jji:) nl s. 

to' the hair, kami ico iu. 

to up (a wound), hotai {^ 

-.1?) s. 
Binder, n. (of books) selhonya (% 

Bindin;?, n. (edging) heri ; (book- 
cover) hyoshi (j^iK) ; (process) sei- 

European , seiyo-ioji; yoso 


half- leather , se-gawa. 

leather , so-gaica. 

way of , tojirkata; hyuso 

mm ; seihon (SStjc). 
Binoculars, n, ryogankyo (^DRgi) ; 
sogankyo (SZHRIm). 

Biograpliy, n. denlci ((g:|E) ; den; 
ichidaiki (— fi|B). 

Biologist, n. seibutsugakusha (S^ify 

Biology, n. seibuisugaku. 

Biota I orientalis, konote-gashiwa. 

Bircll, n. kaba no ki ; kdija ; shira- 


Bird, n. tori [a.n. wa] ; (released at 
a Buddhist funeral) hanashi-<lori. 

a little told me, kaze no 

tayori de kiita. 

..."... of Paradise, /Mc/to (®„^). 

s and beasts, fctnjw(^SR); 

tori-kemono ; tori-kedamono ; chojil 

s of a feather flock tog^e- 

ther, ushi wa ushi-dzure, uma wa 
nma-dzure [either expression may 
be used singly] ; doki (^M.) «»- 

s of passagre, watarl-dori. 

cag:ed , kago no tori. 

killing' two s with one 

stone, ikkyo-ryotoku (— ^J^?"r)- 

they found the had flown 

(i.e. the criminal escaped), ilte 
mitara mojiuke no kara daita. 

Birdcage, n. torikago. 

Birdcall, n. yobiko ; yose. 

Bird-catcher, n. (using a limed 
pole) iori-sa.'ihi. 

Bird-fancier, n. toriya. 

Birdlime, n. torimochi. 

Bird's-eye-view, n. ml-harashi ; 
(picture) zendzu (^Sfl) ; zenkei (^^). 

Bird's-nest, n. tori no .su. 
Birth, n. umare; shussan (JHS;); 
shusshb (ffl4.) ; tan jo; (of a royalty) 
go kotan (W^M) ' (parturition) san 
(S); humhen ('3'^); (good lincflge) 
iegara ; moinbatsu (P5B^)- 

before , shusshozen ( {IJ jfel^if ). 

of good , iegara, or umare, 

iio yoi. 

premature , tsuki-taradzu ; 

ryiizan (gSM)- 

still , shitaiAjumhen (JtB5^ 

m)- . 

to give to, «r>iM ; .tlius-ian s 

iimi-otosu [vulg.] ; (fig.) oko.'»i. 


[ 92 ] 


Birthday, n. tanjobi (gfifeH); tan- 

slibi (g€M). 

of the Emperor (of Japan), 

tenchbsetsu {Jz^W)- 

of the Empress (of Jai)an), 

chikyusetsu (ifi^gfj). 

Birthplace, n. umare-kokyd ; shus- 
sho no chi ; kokyo (JS^I^) ; faru- 

Biscuit, n. * ; kicashi [generic term 
for cakes] ; (nnglazed pottery) kiji 
Bisect, t.T. (math.) tobnn (^^) s. 
Bishop, n. (Prot.) kantoku (g#) : 
(Rom, Cath.) shikyo (tj|^); (Budd- 
hist) sojo (fi"iE) ; (chess) kaku (^). 
Bishopric, n. kanioku-shoku (^'U 

Bismuth, n. soen ; jnijan-.fekl. 

subnitrate of , jisliosan-soen 

Bistort, n. ibiiki ; iora-no-o. 

Bisulphide, n. carbon , rya- 

kica-tanfio (gfEffc^^). 
Bit, n. (of a bridle) kufsmca ;fukumi ; 
(tool) maicashi-giri ; (fragment) kake ; 
kire ; ore ; hera [of wood]. 

a (a httle), sukoshi ; rhotto; 

shosho (^^) ; chorribori ; cliitio. 

not a , fnikoshi mo, or iiek- 

kara, with a neg.; as, it was not 

a interesting-, nekknra 

omoshiroku tiai. 

Bitartrate, n. jushusekisnn (MtSH 


Bitch, n. me-inu. 

Bite, t.v. kamu ; (seize with the teeth) 
nijkid-tsuku ; 7u/k(nni-tsii.ku ; (of a 
flea) kuu ; (of a mosquito) sasu. 

to be bitten in the leg by a 

dog, ashi ico inu ni kamare-ru, or 


to off, kami-kiru; kui-kiru. 

to off more than one can 

swallow, hitokiiehbnono ni ho ico 

yaku [proY.] 

Bite, i.v. k^d-tsuku ; (as mustard) 
kiku ; (hold) hikkakaru ; (of fish) hip- 

to well, yoku kuu. 

Bite, n. kami ; (wound) kami-kldzu. 
flea , noynikkid. 

Bitter, a. nigai ; (distressing) fsnrai ; 
(of cold) hidoi. 
to the end, aku made mo. 

Bitterly, adv. (fig.) Uaku. 

Bittern, n. sanka no goi. 

Von Schrenck's little , 


Bitterness, n. (taste) nigami ; (fig.) 

Bittersweet, n. (bot.) nvirvba no 

Bivalve, n. moroha-gai. 

s, sokokn-rid l^^M)- 

Bivouac, i.v. roei. (g^^) s ; yaei (if 

®) s ; nojitku m'fs) ^■■ 
Bivouac, n. roei. 
Bi-weekly, a. kaku.shu (PSiS) no. 
Blab, i.v. shaheru. 

Black, a. kuroi ; in Chinese com- 
pounds fcofc»- ; as, the Death, 

kokushibyu (BKM)- 

horse, aoge. 

tea, kochn (jjtt^). 

tinge, kuronn. 

to become , kuro-dzunde 


Black, n. kuro ; (n^ro) kuromho ; 
kokujin (^K). 

sketch in and "white, 


Black, t.v. (boots) ni/snmi ico nurn ; 

Blackberry, n. kuro-ichigo. 
Blackboard, n. kuro-ita ; koknhnn 

(M'K) ; nuri-ban. 
Blacken, t.v. kuroku s. 

to the reputation of, nof 

meiyo (^#) wo kidzu-tsuke-ru. 

to the teeth, o haguro ico 


Blackeye, n. to get a , icayne 

310 maicari ga aza ni nam. 

Black-eyed, a. me no kuroi. 

Black-flagr, n. the s, kokkitai 


. [ 93 ] 


Blackguard, n. futoi yatsu ; gesu- 
hatta yatsu. , 

you ! ieraho-me. 

Blaclvingf, n. kutsu-zumi ; sumi. 

Blacking-brush, n. kutsu-bake. 

Blacklead, n. kokuen (^®). 

Blackleg-, n. hakuto ({f ^). 

Blackmail, n. yusuri. 

Blackmail, t.v. yusunt. 

Blackness, n. kurosa ; kuroi koto. 

Black Sea, Eokkai 
Blacksmith, n. kajlya. 
Bla<l<ler, n. ; (anat.) shobem- 

hvkvro ; hokico 

(of a fish) 

Blade, n. (of grass) ha ; (of a screw) 
hane ; (of a Japanese oar, ro) ude ; (of 
a knife) mi. 

naked , nukimi; hatto (^7J)- 

unground , arami. 

Blame, t.v. (censure) iogame-ru ; ken- 
si'k! (fl"^) .s ; (disparage) waruku in. 

I alone am to , watakushi 

hltorl no tstimi, or ayamachi, da ; 
jrafakushi hUwi no icarui no da. 

who is to ? dare no tsumi 


Blame, n. (fault) ayamachi ; tsumi ; 
toga ; seme ; (censure) kogoto ; toga- 
me ; kenseki. 

to bear the of another, 

hito no tsumi vco shou. 

to lay the on another, 

hito ni tsumi rco kabuse-ru. 

undeserved , mushitsu (|!S:9c) 

no tsumi. 

Blameable, a. tsumi no aru ; hinan 

mm.) suheki. 
Blameless, a. tsumi no nai. 
Blamelessly, adv. tsumi naku. 

Blamelessness, n, tsumi no nai 

Blanch, t.v. (as linen) sarasu ; (as 
rice) shirage-ru. 

Blanch, i.v. iro wo ushinau; aoku 

n -ru. 

Bland, a. ingin (.^.Jg) na ; nyuwd (^ 

tone, nekonade-goe. 

Blandish, t.v. nijkdbi-hets%iraU. 

Blandishment, n. seji. 

Blank, n. (in a dociiment) aita 
tokoro ; yochi (^.Jfi) ; (in a lottery) 
hakushi {^$^) ; (of a domino) .ihiro ; 
(the space left before the name of a 
person of high rank) ketsvji (X^)- 
Blank, a book, hakushicho (Q 


cartridge, kuho (^5^)- 

form, yoshi (mi(!^). 

map, rinkicaku-chidzu (^^, 


paper, hakushi ; (left at the 

end of a document) yohaku (^S ). 

to leave , akde oku ; shirok-u 

sJdte oku. 

Blanket, n. ketto ; rrtosen (^g^) ; 

ho has the effect of a wet , 

are ga kuru to kemxitaku luxru. 

horse , ha-i (HiK). . 

Blankly, adv. (vacuously) houn (j^ 

ffi) to sh ite ; honyari to shite. 
Blaspheme, t.v. nonoshiru ; kusasu. 

Blasphemy, n. nonoshiri ; kami wo 
kegasu koto. 

Blast, n. (sound produced by blow- 
ing) /uA.i ; (air) s/to/rt (ffE)- 

a of wind, ichijin (—W) "o 


one (on a steam-whistle), 

itteki (—%) ; hito-koe ; issei ( — ^if.). 
Blast, t.v. ■ (rend with explosives) 
hakxdiatsu (J^5J) sase-ru ; haretsu (5^ 
§^) sase-ru. 

Blast-furnace, n. .'ihofuro (Wi^ 


Blasting, n. hakuhatsu ; bakuhatsu- 

koji (mmxm)- 

Blaze, i.v. moe-ru. 

to up, moe-aguru. 

Blaze, t.v. to abroad, ii- 


Blaxe, n. (flame) hono; kuaen (V 
f^) ; (spot) hoshi. 


[ 94 ] 


JBlazingr, a sun, enten (1^5^). 

to be exposed to the sun, 

ente)i ni ieri-tsiikerare-ru. 

Sleaeh, t.v. sarasu. 

Bleached, a. sarasM- ; as, cot- 
ton, sarashi-momen. 

Bleachiugr-powcler, n. sarashi- 

Bleak, a. fuki-sarashi no ; samisMi ; 
samu-so na. 

Blear-eye, n. yani-me ; tadare-me. 

Blear-eyed, a. yani-me no ; tadare- 
me no ; (with sleep) neboke-manako 

Bleat, i.v. Miku. 

Bleed, t.v. nojchi ico torn ; (a horse) 
shiraku ( JUIS) s ; (of one's money) 
nojkane wo s%d-toru ; nofikichi ico 


Bleed, i.v. kara]chi ga dent ; shuk- 
ketfni (JHlfiL) s. 

nose s, hanaji ga dent. 

Bleeding, n. (hemorrhage) shuk- 

the stops, chi ga tomnnt. 

to stop the , chi tco tome-nt. 

Blemish, n. (lit. and fig.) kidzii ; 

(fig.) kakin asm)- 

Blench, Lv. hekieki (JE$^) s. 

Blend, t.v. kongo (j^-g-) s ; konjlnt. 

Blend, '.i.T. mazant. 

Blenheim-spaniel, n. chin. 

Blenny, n. daiiutngimpo. 

Bless, t.v. (confer a favour on) 

megumu ; (God) agame-ru. 

Blessed, a. saiicai na. 

Blessing, n. saiicai ; kofuku (^ig) ; 
on ; megumi ; ontaJcu (J@,fp) ; (the 
prayer) shukuto (f^i^). 

Blight, n./iike ; (damage by insects) 
chfigai (^#). 

Blight, t.v. (fnistrate) munashiku s. 

to be ed (of plants), /wfce ni 


Blind, a. me no mienai ; mekura- ; 
(fig.) momai ("a S) na ; gumai {^M) 
a person, mekura ; mojin ("^ 


a person of one eye, mek- 

kachi ; kaia-me. 

alley, fukuro-yokocho ; <A:t- 


female musician, goze. 

colour , shikimo (fea") "<'• 

love is , koi tea shian (,S^) 

no hoka. 

man of the g'uild, mto (^ 


the gut, mocM (^f^). 

to get drunk, shdtai (iEJ{c) 

jiaku you. 

Blind, n. sudare ; (of reeds) yoshidzu ; 
(of fine bamboo) misu ; (of cotton, 
etc.) hiyoke. 

Venetian (shutter), yoroi- 


Blindfold, t.v. no/mekakiishi iro s. 

Blinding, a. (dazzling) mabushli ; 
(obsctiring sight) me ga kuramu yd 
na ; (of rain) me ga akeraromi yo na. 

Blindly, adv. (without looking) 
jmichil (^ffi) de; (gropingly) tt- 
saguri de. 

to follow (fig-), nijmojtl (^ 

m ■*>■• 
Blindman's biiif, me-kakushi. 

Blindness, n. momoku ('^B); 
[mekura, a blind person, is com- 
monly prefered to an abstract term]. 

colovir , shikimo (fetf). 

snow , yuki-kurami. 

Blink, i.v. ma-tataku ; ma-hataku. 

Bliss, n. tempuku (7z^) ', terdM (5^ 
^) ; saijo (^±.) no saiicai. 

ignorance is , shiranu ga 


Blistei*, n. (from rubbing) midzu- 
hukure ; (from a bum) hi-bukure ; 
(plaster) haisubo (^f&)- 
to apply a , hatsitbo tco haru. 

Blister, i.v, ni]midzu-bitkure ga deki- 
ru ; (as paint) ica'imamako ga deki- 
ru ; uku. 

ELI [_95 ] 

Blister-tly, n. hammyo. 

I51ister-steel, n. aica-hagane. 

li Hazard, n.fubukl 

liloatert, a. mukuMa. 

to become , mukumu ; (of the 

drowned) midzu-hukure ni nam. 

IJloc, n. en (as of bills so pre- 
sented), ikkwatsu (— }S) shite. 

l$lock, n. (of stone) shikaku (Hft) 
na if hi ; (pulley) semi ; kassha Q^ 
$) ; (used in printing) hangi (SS^)- 
printings, mokuhan-zuri (?(c 


system (railway), kukicaku- 
sMwjb-h') (EfifnSSri). 

chopping' , maiuiita. 

lie's a chip of the old , 

otottsan to sokkuri desu. 

one (of buildings), hito mime. 

151ock, t.v. fusagu ; snsaeru ; tozeisu 
(i^Jg) •*? ; (as a pari, bill) nigiri- 
Isuhnshi ni s ; nigiri-tsuhiisu. 

to be edffusagoKu ; (of roads, 

etc.) tozetsu s. 

to be ed up, isumaru. 

151ocka<le, n. (|»ti^) ; /«»«- 

lilockarte, t.v. (a port) hosa s ; (a 
fortress) tori-kakoinu ; /tot (&H) s. 

lilock-CUtter, n. luuigiya OK^M)- 

JSlocklieatl, n. giibutsu {.^A^,i). 

J$loo(l, n. chl ; ketfiiteki (lfiL?Vi;) ; (po- 
etical) ake ; (taken from a living 
person) Ikichi. 

bad (lit.), aW:ctet. 

bathed in his , ake ni so- 


fresh , senketsu (ft^lfil). 

to have a rush, of to the 

head, nohose-m. 

to make bad between, no 

aula e/inidzu iro .sasu. 

to spit , tokitsH (id'lfiL).v. 

to squeeze out the life's 

of a people (said of an oppresive 

govt.), nolkoketsu (^jflL) iro nhiboru. 

J51oo<llH'at-lM>iiit, n. kd.tuonten 

Blood-relation, Blood-rela- 
tionship, n. ketsuzokii (ifiLiK) [Civ. 

Blood.sliot, a. chi-bashitta. 

eyes, chi-manako. 

to have eyes, chi-manako 

ni natte orii. 

Bloodstain, n. kekkon (ifiLi^) ; '-hi 
no ato. 

Bloodstone, n. ketsugyokudzui (tfL 

5Si) ; kesseki (jfiL5)- 
Blood-thirsty, a. chi xco fcojiomu. 
Blood-vessel, n. kekkican (ifli^) ; 

chi no svji ; myakkican (fllS^)- 
Bloody, a. (blood-stained) chi ni 
yogoreta ; eld no isuita ; chi-darake na. 

battle, kessen (jfillg)- 

discharge, gekets-n (ytL). 

Bloom, n. (on friiit) ko. 

of youth, icakai sakari. 

full , hana-zakari. 

to have a upon it, (of 

fruit), nt]/t-o gafuku. 

Blooming', a. .lakan na. 

Blos.som, n. hana ; (as aux. niim.) 

rin (IS). 

full , massakari. 

to be in full (esp. of the 

cherry), ramman ()ljiBJ§) shite orii ; 
mankai (^^) de aru. 

Blossom, i.v. (of flowers) saku ; einu. 
to begin to , saki-some-rn. 

Blot, t.v. nijsumi ico tsuke-7'u ; yogosu ; 

(dry with blotting-paper) sid-toru. 

to out, kaki-kenu ; 

Blot, i.v. (run, as ink) nijimu. 
Blot, n. shimi. 

covered with s, shimi-darake 

Blotch, n. shimi ; (on the body) aza ; 
hanten (SteSi). 

Blotting-paper, n. .luitori-gami ; 
oshi-gami ; shiinitori-gami. 

Blow, i.v. (of the wind) fuku ; (of 
flowers) saka ; hiraku. 

to in, fuki-komu. 

to over (tig.), koto-naku sumu, 

to through, fuki-tosii. 

to up (explotle), luiretsK (jg 


[ 96 ] 


Blow, t.y.fuk'u. 

to sibout, fuki-chirasu. 

to ashore, fuki-age-ru. 

to a trumpet, rappa wo 

fuku, or narasu. 

to away, fuki-harau. 

to away the clouds, kumo 

wo fukl-harasu. 

to "bacls., fuki-kaesu. 

to down, (from an elevation) 

fuki-otosu ; (from a standing posi- 
tion) /uA.'i-/ao.s^u ; fuki-kaesv. 

to off, fuki-ha)ias>j, ; to^be 

n off, fuki-tdbasare-iii. 

to off' the leaves, ha wo 


to off the roof, yane wo 


to out, (extinguish) fuki- 

kesu ; (as a volcano) fuki-dasu ; 
funshutsii (UgJB) «. 

to over, fuki-taosu. 

to the nose, hana ico kamu. 

to up, (scold) nilkentsuku wo 

kuicnse-m ; shikaru ; nijkogoto wo 
ill ; {inflate) fukurakasu ; fukurasu; 
(explode with powder) ; kicayaku 
(ik^) de haretsu (<^|^) sase-ru ; to 

be n up (scolded), kentsuku 

tea kuu. 

to get n, wd] iki ga kire-ru. 

Blow, n. faiaki [idiom generally pre- 
fers the use of the vbs. tataku, utsu 
or hutsii] ; (as opp. to a cut) daboku 
(ijm) ■■ (gale) o-kaze. 

to come to s, buchiroi, or 

iataki-ai, ni naru. 

to strike the first , saki e 

hutsu ; saki ni tedashi wo s ; saki 

ni te ico kudasu. 

without striking a (of mil. 

operations), yaiba ni chiico nuradzu 


Blower, n. (mech.) sofi'iki (j^Jg^^) ; 
(of a stove) fitta. 

Blowgim, n. fukiya. 

Blowpipe, n. suikwakwan {^'M^) ', 
(bamboo for raising fire) fuki-dake ; 
hivke-dake [W. Japan]. 

Blubber, n. ahura-mi ; ahura. 

Blubber, i.v. tcd-icd to iiaku ; wame- 

Bludgreon, n. ho {^). 

Blue, n. «o [applied to both blue and 
green] ; asagi-iro. 

bright , ruri-iro. 

dark , fiana-iro; (of cloth) 


light , midzu-asagi; midzu- 


sky , sora-iro. 

steel , ai-mirucha. 

very dark , ai. 

Blue, a. expr. by an efjuiv.of Blue, 
n. foil, by no ; aoi [apphed to both 
blue and green]. 

and white porcelain, .90}/?*- 


grey, ai-nedzumi. 

Blue-book, n. (Eikoku no) gicaiko- 
hunsho (.*h^X#). 

Bluebottle-fly, n. ao-bai. 

Blue-eyed, a. aoi me no ; f hekiiian 

(?^BK;) no. 
Blue-jaok§t, n. sxiihei {7\ii^). 
Blue-lig'bt, n. rankwa (^'A). 
Blue-magpie, n. onnga-dori. 
Blue-peter, n. skuppanki (ffli^Jft). 
Blue-sky, n. ao-zorn. 
Bluetail, n. robin , ruri-bitaki. 

Bluff, n. gake ; (at Yokohavia) yama ; 
ynmate ; yamate-cho. 

Bluff, a. (in a good sense) kisaku (^ 
i\^)na; (in a bad sense) mutonjaku 

Blunder, n. ayamari ; shbisaku (^ 
ij^); kicashitsu (•^^) ; ochido. 

Blunder, i.v. .-ioso (5glffl) •* ; ayamam. 

Blunt, a. (having a thick edge) nilnn ; 

(not edged) ha no nai: dotifni (^^) 

na ; (in manner) enryo (^jr^) iw nai ; 

bukotsu (te-g-) na. 

a answer, ki de hann ico 

kukuru (^^'). 
Blunt, t.v. ni^uku s ; (a sense) ckidon 

(MM) '" «• 
Bluntly, adv. enryo naku ; keimiio- 

hororo ni. 

to refuse , pittari koioirMru. 


[ 97 ] 


Sllir, fc.v. kumorase-ru. 

to be red, kumotte i-ru; 

kasv.nde oru ; (as print, etc.) hak- 

kiri shinai ; (run, as ink) nijimu. 
Blurt, t.v. to out, kuchi ICO 

suberashite m ; (another's secret) 


J31iis]i, i.Y. (redden in the cheeks) 
viakka ni nam ; (for shame) sekimen 
(#®) s; (fig.) memhoku (W@) vco 

Bluster, i.v. rikbnu. 

Bluster, ii. kara-ihari. 

l^oa, n constrictor, uuahami; 


feather , hane-erimaki. 

Bojir, n. o-huta. 

wild , ino shishi ; shishi. 

Board, n. (wooden) ita ; (food) maka- 
nal ; (signboard) kaniban (^^) ; 
(cardboard) itagaml ; daishi (^ji^) ; 
(on which games are played) ban ; as, 

chess , shbrji-ban (Hf t^jSi) ; (in 

flooring, oj^ening to storing-place 
beneath) wje-buta ; (used to dry 
clothes on) hari-ita. 

America mission, Kumiai- 


of enquiry shinsa-iin {^^ 

of national defence, koku- 


of Trade, Shomu-kyoku (j^ 

charge for , makanai-ryo. 

notice , keijiban (^:^^). 

on , (adv.) sennni (jJSW); 

(prep.) ni notte. 

school , gakumu-Uii (^^^ 


to go on a ship, fune ni 

iinrl-konm ; fune ni iku ; josen (^ 

to take on , (cargo) tsumi- 

iri'-ru ; (persons) nose-ru. 

Boiird, t.v. (cover with boards) nilita 
vo linru ; (furnish with food) maka- 
n<i 'I.. 

to a ceiling, tenjo ico haru. 

to a ship, fune ni ^irhi-n&ru ', 

fune iru uori-iaru. 

to up, itu-ijnkoi s. 

Boarder, n, (lodger) kishukunin (?r 
^A); (schoolboy) kishiikusei (^ 

Boar*!!!!^, n. (wooden) ita-bari ; 
(food) makanai ; (calling) t/eskukii- 
e'ifjyo (T?ffl?^)- 
cost of , makanai-ryo. 

Boarding'-hoiise, n. kislmkusha 
(^?S^) ; geshukuya (T^M). 

Boardinff-inaster, n. (for sea- 
men) suifu-shi'isensha (tK^^^JSI^'). 

Boarding-school, n.jiku (g). 

Boast, i.v. tai'jen {'M'W) 'co ha-kn ; 
koman (j^lg) ico iu ; taiheiraku i'/z^- 
*g) wo tsukii. 

Boast, n. (vaimting) koman ; (cause 

of pride) jfmia?i (^1^). 
Boaster, n, hora-fuki. 

Boat, n,/une; (as dist. from a shiji) 
ko-bune ; (of Japanese build) sampan ; 

baggage , uvoani^une; ha- 


bridge of a, funa-iashi. 

ferry , watashi-bune. 

gun , Iwkan (Cgj®). 

house , yane-bune; yakata- 


junk's , temma. 

life , kyumeisen (Ucpi?JJ5) 5 


submarine (tor^iedo), senko- 

sulraitei (j^^'ff ^KSIS) ; sensni-sui- 

raitei (^7lC7K^^8g). 

torpedo , suiraitei (TKctll)- 

Boat-builder, n.funa-daiku. 
BoatllOOk, n. kagi. 
Boatliouse, n. funa-gura ; teiko (H 


Boating', n. funa-asobi; fima-yusan 

Boat-letter, n. (a trade) faiui-yado. 
Boatman, n. servdo (l5Sg) ; sempu 

Boatracc, n. funa-kake ; tantei-kyo- 

Boatswain, n. * ; suifucho (TKi'c:^). 
Bob, n. (of a pendulum) omori. 
Bobbin, n. ilo-maki. 

EOD ^98 ] 

Bortlilsattva, n. bosatsu (^j^). 

Bodice, n. kimono. 

Bodily, a. (pertaining to the body) 
karada ni ts-uita ; shintai (S^^) ni 
kvcan (^) shifa. 

heat, tainn (HS.)- 

strength, tairyokn (fS.^)- 

Bodily, adv. sokkuri. 

Bodkiil, n. (needlework) sashi-bari ; 
(printing) * ; (for the hair) kamashi- 


Body, n. (distingnished from spirit) 
karada; shintai (^HfS); (substance) 
Indtai (4^H) [scientific term] ; (of 
troops) ^ai (Sit) 5 in compound words 

-iai: as, solid ies, kokeitai (gg 

?(^SS) ■' (association of persons) dnntni 
(^fS) ; (of a church) kicaislnlseki (^ 
^^) [i.e. space occupied by the 

a large of persons, bzei (i^ 

^) HO hito. 

dead , shigai (y^^^)'- ■'^'hifai 


heavenly ies, te)dai (^f|). 

main (of troops), howfua (ajs: 


the consular , ryoji-dantai 


the diplomatic , kakkoku- 

kosaikican (^iSf ) ; kosaikican- 
dantai (^BEtfflft)- 

the ■whole , inans}tin{^^); 

zenshin (-^M ) ; soshin (i®.j^ ). 

the whole of persons, ichi- 


Body-armour, n. do (^). 

Bodygiiar<l, n. goei; (of troops) 
goeihei (M'^^). 

Bogr» D- (quagmire) numa ; yachi. 

Bogey, n. hakemono; (scarecrow) 

Boggle, i.T. mago-tsukii ; mafjo-mago 

Bogie, a carriage, hogishiki- 

kyaktisJia (-af-^^^M)- 

Bogn.S, a. iknsama no ; nise-. 

Boil, i.v. (of water) icaku ; nie-tatsu ; 
(of waves) aica-datsu. 

does not the water yet? 

jpi. ira mada ni-tatanai ka. 

to completely, ni-iatsu; 


toi fiercely, nie-kaeru. 

to over, ni-kobore-ru. 

Boil, t.v. (solid things vrith. flavouring) 
ni-ru ; (in water alone) xide-ni ; yude- 
ru ; (decoct, as tea) senji-ru ; (silk) 

to down, ni4sunte-ru. 

to rice, meshi tco takii; 

t koine ico kashigu. 

to water, yu ico icakasu ; yu 

jco tagirasu. 

Boil, n. haremono ; dekimono. 
blind , nebuto. 

Boiled, a. nita. 

eggs, ude-iamago. 

soft eggSj hanjuku-tamago 


Boiler, n. kmna ; kikiran (\mM) '• 

(round a fireplace, of copper or brass) 

doko (^^) ; (bed on which the kama 

rests) heilsui. 

cylindrical , entokican ([llJg 

watertube , .suUcieanshiki- 

klkmin (7K^5ti^li). 

Boiler-plate, n. kicaiiy'j-teppait (|g 
Boiling, a point, futtoteu {[^ 


water, nitattaya; nie-yu. 

Boisterous, a. (of the wind) arai ; 

arakenni \ (of persons) sairagnskii; 

ramho (SL^) »«• 
Boisterously, adv. sawagashiku. 

Boisterousness, n. savoagashii 

koto ; rambo. 

Bold, a. daitan (-kM) '"« ; 2/''/'^t (^^) 
no aru ; dokyo (/^i^) no yoi ; tan- 
ryoku (81:^) '"^ cru; (m&ulj) isngi- 
yoi ; (planned with courage) i.srrma- 
.shii ; (impudent) koshaku (/J'^) na ; 
(forward) sashiile-gamashii ; (audaci- 
ous, in bad sense) daitan-futeki (:ki^ 
:^m)>"'; {ottype)futoi. 

BOL [ 99 ] 


Boldly, adv. (of -writiDig) tappitsu (^ 

S^) ni. 

Boldness, n. daitan (:A:S8) ; yuki (^ 

Bole, n. miki. 

Boletus dimidiatus, mannen- 

take ; reishi. 
b. versicolor, saru no koshikake. 

Bolster, n. kukuri-makura ; 'bozu- 

Bolt, n, (of a door) kwannuki [a.n, 

hon, jfc] ; (strong pin) o-kugi ; ryoto- 

kugi (^SMir)- 

a from the blue, seWen (Bn 

^) no hekireki (^fi)- 
Bolt, t.v. (a door) no/kwannuki wo 

kake-ru, or hame-ru, or tozasu ; (food) 

viaru-nomi s ; (sift) furuu. 

3$olt, i.T. (abscond) iobo (^t) s ; 
shuppon ( Iti^) s ; chikuten (M^) s ; 
dzuitokvji (I^^T^) wo kime-ru ; (of a 
horse) tobi-dasu ; Idkkake-ru. 

to be ed. with by a horse, 

i<?na ni hikkakerare-ru. 

Bomb, n. hakuretsudan (J^giS?) ; 

haretsudaii {^Wl^) 5 ?>5da?i (ijvtvii). 
Bombard, t.v. hogeki s. 
Bombardment, n. hogeki (^5^^)- 
Bombast, n. kogen (^W) ; hogen 

Bombastic, a. shikaku-batta ; fuko 

mm no. 

Bombay-duck, n. sayori. 

Bona tide, shinyo (i%)l\) shite ; zen-i 
(#JE) wo motte ; (used adjectively) 
Khinjiisu (faK) no. , 

Bona tides, zen-i. 

Bond, n. (rope) ?ifflicame ; (deed) 67to- 
mon (H^); shosho (il#) ; (for re- 
payment of loan) shalcuyo-shosho (■© 
)BI2W)» (archit.) shikikata ; joshiki 

commutation s (of Japanese 

shizoku class), kinroku-kosai (^J^ 

industrial s, kigyo-kosai (JE 

public , kosairshosho ; kosai. 

war s, gunji-kbsai (^^S-®)- 

Bonded warehouse, hozeisd'^o 

Bondsman, n. (surety) Jioshonin (^ 

Bone, n. hone ; kotsu (^). 

s (skeleton), gaikotsu (^•^). 

bare s, hakkotsu (6#). 

manure, koppun-hiryo ('h'^ 

of contention, kenkica (ng 
1^) no tane. 

of the arm, icankotsu (^#). 

s and sinews, kinkotsu (^ 


full of s, hone-darake no. 

without making* any s 

about it, ichi mo ni mo naku. 

Bone, t.v. (extract bones) no/hone ico 

Boned, a. hone ico totta. 
large , hone-buto no. 

Bone-setter, n. hone-t.mgi ; sek- 

kotsu-i (tm^)- 

Bone-setting", n. hone-tsugi ; sek- 

Bontire, n. kagaribi; (at the Son 
festival) mukae-bi ; okuri-bi [the 
mukae-bi are lighted at the beginning 
of the festival to welcome the return- 
ing spirits, the okuri-bi at the end to 
speed them departing]. 

Boniu Islands, Ogasaicaru-jima. 
Bonito, n. katsuo ; (small variety) 

dried , katsuo-bushi. 

Bonus, n. (extra dividend) rlnji-hai- 
tokin (ES^RE#^); (gratuity for 
services) shoyokia (M.^^)- 

Bony, a. honeppoi ; (like bone) gotsu- 
gotsu sum. 

Bonze, n. bozu (tJ5±) ; (polite equi- 
valent) shukke ({Ul^). 
chief , oshd(^^). 

Bookj n. hon {^); shoniotsu i^Jfy); 
[a.n. of whole books, hu (SK), of single 
volumes, satsxi, f^i] > (section of a 
treatise) hen (J^) ; (mercantile) chobo 
(tSSI) [Oi"^- Co.]; chomen (<iSffi); in 

compounds, -cho; as, pass , 



[ 100 ] 


s, shojakii (Uli) ; shoseki. 

catalogue, shcnnoku (^@). 

of words (of a play), kyaku- 

hon m^)- 

Chinese , (printed in China) 

iohon (^jfc) ; (composed in Chi- 
nese) kanseki (gUf). 

folding- , wl-hon. 

foreign , ybsho (#*). 

incomplete , Jmhon (i^4^). 

Japanese (printed in Japan), 

tcahoii (^'^). 

manuscript , shahon (^Jfc) ; 


old , kohon (^tJc). 

picture , ehon. 

proscribed , tome-hon. 

second-hand , furu-hon. 

text , kyokuusho (^^y^). 

Book, t.v. (enter in register) rhomen 
e tsiike-i'u ; (luggage) adzuke-ru ; (as 
a seat) ii-komle oku. 

Book-binder, n. selhonya (M'^^S)- 

Book-box, n. honibako. 

Book-case, n, hondana ; shodnna ;^ 

Book-collector, n. zoshnka (i^ 

Booking-office, n. shussafs-np ({H 

window, kippu-gucJd. 

Bookkeeper, n. hoki-kata ; rhobo- 

Bookkeeping:, n. hoki; (study) 

bokujakii mum. 

by double entry, fukushikl- 

boki m^mm)- 

by single entry, Uinshiki- 

boki (w-^mm)- 

Bookmarker, n. s?dcn'L 
Bookseller, n. honya {:^M)- 

's sho-p, shoshi {^^); shorin 

second-hand j fui-uhoyiya. 

Bookshelf, n. shodana. 
Bookworm, n. siiimishi ; (fig.) ioku- 

sho-heki (W.MM)' 
Boom, n. (of a sail) hogeta ; keta. 

Boom, i.v. don-don to iiaru ; (of 
trade) j5j/ei)Li (±.:^^) de aru. 

Boomerang, n. * ; t hikyoraiki 

Booming, n. don-don iu oto ; dmdon 
to iu oto. 

Boor, n. inaka-mono ; dempii ; (clo\m) 
dempu-yajin {^^^ A) ; hyakusho-me. 

Boorish, a. busaho (fef^^) na ; ydbo 

Boot, n. kufsu ; [a.n. of pairs, sokn, 
xil] ; [peasants in Japan wear a 
rude kind of boot called kaica-guts^t]. 

brow^n leather s, akai kutsu. 

elastic-side s, fukagoniu- 


high s, naga-gutsu. 

laced s, amiage-gutsu. 

patent leather s, gomugaica- 

gic'.fH ; (/omubiki no kiitsii. 

rubber s, gomu-gutsu. 

snow s (of straw), icara-guisu. 

without taking ofl one's s, 

kutsu no mama. 

Booth, n. koya-gake. 

w^ayside , kake-jaya. 

Bootjack, n. kutsunugi-Ua ; kuts^u- 

Bootlace, n. kutsu no himo. 

Bootmaker, n. kutsuya. 

Booty, n. bundori-hin ; emono ; senri- 

hin mm&)- 

Boracic acid, ?idsan (W^M)- 
Borax, n. hosha (if:^). 
Border, n. (edge) fucM; (edging) 
heri ; herilo^-i ; (at neck of a Japanese 
lady's dress) han-eri ; (flower-bed) 
kicadan (^^) ; (frontier) kyokai ; 
sakai; kurd-zakai; (frontier-district) 
kyokaichi (f^^^). 

within the s of, no keldal 

m^) ni. 
Border, i.v. to on (be contigu- 
ous to) 7iilkuttsuUe oru ; nijtonuri- 
atte oru ; ni/sefsuzoku (^®) s. 

Bordered, a. (of a garment, etc.) 
heridori wo shita. 


[ 101 ] 


Bore, t.v. (a hole) ake-rii; (a well) 

to a hole through, ni/ana 

ICO kiri-imku. 

to a hole with an awl, 

kiri (le ana ico ake-ru. 

Bore, n. (person) urusai hito ; (annoy- 
ance) mendo (MM) 5 (bole) kiri-ana ; 
(of a river) kaica no tsunami ; (of a 
gun) jushin (^^ ) ; (calibre) kokei 

smooth gun, kakkoju (J-g- 


twelve guii, jilniban-kei 

(-[--mm "o feppo mm)- 

Bore<l, a. to be , taUcutsu 

Boredom, n. taikutsu. 

Boring", n. (of a well) horimiki. 

machine , kikai-hori 

manual , te-hori ; jiuko-hori 


Born, p.p. to be , wnare-ru. 

Borrow, t.v. kari-ru ; karu [W. 
Japan]; slmkuyb (^fll) s; kari- 
nkeru ; (humble expression) haishaku 

(^fS) •^• 

may I this book for two 

or three days ? Kono hon tea 
nisannichi haishaku ga dekimasho 

Borrower, n. kari-te ; kari-nushi ; 
kari-kata ; shakuyo-mishi ; (humble 
teim) haishaktmin (fs^f^ \). 

Bosom, n. (breast) mune; (of the 
dress) /M/o/c'oro ; kwaidm (^ifi ). 

to put into the , futokoro ni 

ire-ru ; kvcaichu s. 

Bosom-friend, n. shin-ya (^fx); 
ffoku kon-i no tomodachi ; hekkon 
'{nm) no hito. 

Boss, n. (on a helmet) hoshi ; (stud) 
ebo ; (knob to hold by) tsmnami ; 
(slang, for master) iaisho (;^3f ). 

BotanieaI-g:arden, n. shokuhutsu- 

en m^m)' 

Botanist, n. shokuhutsugakusha (|S 

Botany, n. shokuhutsugaku ; homo- 

Both, a. ryoho (^^) no ; dochira mo 
no ; idzure no ; usu. expr. by one of 
the following equivalents, treated as 
an adverb : (of persons and things) 
dochira mo ; ryoho ; ryoho to mo ; 
(of persons only) fiitari ; futari to 
mo; ryonin (f^A) to wm> ; (not of 
persons) fidatsu, or the appropriate 
aux. num. ; fufats^i to mo. 

hands, ryoie. 

parties, soho (H;^). 

sides (of things and persons), 


Both, conj. mo; and, mo 

mo ; ni ico awasete ; mo 

mo awasete. 

Bother, n. motdo (©gij) ; okku. 

Bother, t.v. komarase-m ; kuriishi- 
me-ru ; (dun) ni/saisoku (f^ffi) s. 

excuse my ing you, but, 

go meliraku (^^) nagara. 

I fear I am always ing 

you, maido go yakkai (/g^) Hi 

Bothersome, a. mendb-kvsai ; okku 
na ; (of persons) urusai ; yakkai no. 

Bo-tree, n. hodaiju (^tg^). 
Bottle, n. tokkuri ; bin {%) ; [a.n, 
hon, 7|s:]. 

gourd, hybtan {^&M) I ftdcvbe. 

seller, hinya. 



feeding , uba-iradzu. 

large , obin. 

sake , choshi i^J-) ; kan- 

dokuri (M^M)- 

small , kobin. 

smelling , kagi-bin. 

Bottle, t.v. bin ni tsume-ru ; bin s. 

Bottled, a. bindz^^me no ; bin-iri no. 

Bottom, n. (of a vessel, river, etc.) 
.foko ; (lower part of a thing) shita ', 
(of a net, basket, etc.) shiri ; (of a 

of the sea, kaitei (J^OS). 

..;... price, kelchakn (ifeij) no 

nedaa (ijKS). 

double (of a ship), niju-zoko 


he is a good fellow at , ne 

tra, or shin tea, ii hito da. 
ship's , .s'e»/ei (jjfl^). 


[ 102 1 


Bottomless, a. soko no nai ; (with 
the bottom knocked out) soko-nuke 

Bottomrj", n. funa-jichi ', sentai- 
shichiire (IgffiKA). 

Boudoir-size, n. (of photo.) o-gaia. 

Boilg'li, n. eda. 

Bougie, n. * ; tsunyo-kwanki (S^c 

Boulder, n. iwa. 

Bounce, t.v. to a ball, mari 

wo tsu]cu. 

Bounce, i.v. to back, hane- 


Bound, i.v. hane-ru ; tobii. 

to back, hane-kaeru. 

to up, tobi-agaru. 

Bound, t.v. (act as a boundary) no/ 
sakai ni nam. 

to be ed by (as a country), 

nilsaJcai shite oru. 

Bound, n. (a limit) kagiri ; saigen 

atone (fig.), ichiyaku {—^) 


there are s to one's pati- 
ence, gaman ni mo hodo ga aru. 

there are no s to it, saigen 

no nai koto da. 

Bound, a. & p.p for, -yuki no. 

volume, tqji-hon. 

the place one is for, 

mohiitekichi ( g fl^Jft)- 
to be to, expr. by an equiva- 
lent of Must : (expressing con- 
viction) hadzu da ; as, he is 

to come, kuru hadzu da ; he is 

to know, shiranai hadzu ica 

nai ; (expressing obligation) gimu 
(^^) ffft orw following vb. 

Boundary, n. sakai ; kyokni. 

line, kyokm-sen (^fflS)- 

mark, kyokai-hyo (^^^) ; 

ji-zakai no shirushi. 

northern , hokkyo (;|b^) ; 


within the ies of, no kyuiki- 


Boundless, a. kagiri no nai ; saigen 
(^Kl) "0 nai ; saigai (iSliSI) no nai ; 
mugen (te^) no. 

Bountiful, a. mono-oshinA no nai. 

Bountifully, adv. oshimadzu, ni ; 
taiso Jii ; juniaku (J3,"^) ni. 

Bounty, n. (liberality) onkei (,HS) '< 
(premiiun) shoreikin (§$S!|^). 

Bouquet, n. hana-taha ; (of wine) 

Bourse, n. * ; torihikijo. 

Bout, n. (drinking) sakamori ; (wrest- 
ling) fori'kumi ; (fencing, etc.) shiai. 
first , ichibayi no shiai. 

Bo>v, n. (weapon) yumi ; (of a violin) 
yHini ; (of si necktie) cho-f/ata (tjj^^). 

a strung , hari-yumi. 

and arrows, yumi-ya. 

double (knot), ryo-hizaori. 

single , kata-hizaori. 

to bend a , yumi tro haru. 

to draw the long , hariuo 

ho 7ii iu. 

to have two strings to one's 

, ryotenibin (^ ?cfi^) wo kake-ru. 

to string a , yumidzuru wo 


Bow, n. (of the head) jigi ; (of a ship) 
miuoshi ; hesak-i ; omoife ; senshu (^I2 
■^) ; (No. 1 rower) * ; f teijika 


Bow, t.v, mage-ru ; kagameru. 

to the head, atama wo 

sage-ru ; f sashi-utsumuku. 

Bow, i.v. o jigi tco s. 

to humbly, heifuku (^iK)s; 


Bowdrill, n. mai-kiri. 

Bowel, n. harawata ; wata ; in com- 
pounds -cho (jg). 

Bowl, n. hachi ; (earthenware) dom- 
Invri ; (for rice) meshi-jawan ; chadzu- 
ke-jaican ; (of a pipe) gan-kuhi ; 
(wooden) ican (^) ; (with a lip to 
facilitate pouring) kata-kuchi ; (a 
bowlful) ippai (— ^) ; (for rinsing 
wine-cups) haisen (i^iJfe). 

Bowl, t.v. korogasu. 

Bow-leySf ed, a. wani-ashi no ; soto- 
wa no. 


[ 103 ] 


15o\vler, n. (hat) marugata-hoshi ; 
yamadakn-hoshi ', (cricket) * ; nage-te. 

IJowmaker, n. yuml-sM. 

Uowinan, n. Ue. 

Kowsliot, n. (distance) yagoro ; 
the enemy cottld not approach. 

to within , yagakari made 

fekl ga chikayoru koto ga dekina- 

JJowsprit, n. yaridashi [a.n. hon, 

Howstriiig', n. ymni-dznru ; isuru 
[a.n. s^lji]. 

Bow-wiiirtow, n. de-mado. 

Bo\v-"\VOW, n. (child's word) tcan- 

Box, n. (a chest, also the quantity 
contained therein) hako ; (made of 
thin wood bent) ori ; (tree) tsuge ; 
(driver's seat) gyosha-dai (SX^^) J 
(theatrical) sajikl [upstairs] ; udzu- 
ra ; takadoma [downstairs] [a.n. ken, 
$f] ; (space partitioned off for spec- 
tators at a theatre) masu. 

a tier of es (to hold food), 

kumi-fuiamono [porcelain] ; jubako ; 

kiri-dame [wooden]. 

contained, in a , hako-lri vo. 

despatch , hanko (^I^) ; (for 

carrying letters in) fumi-hako ; 


nest of es, ire-ko. 

pilgrim's travelling (on 

legs), ol. 

to give a on the ears to, 

no/atumn ico ham. 

Box, i.v. genkotnu-uchi wo s ; kento 

Boxer, n. kentosha («^®5^). 

the s, (Iho-ch'uan), givcadan 

lioxiii}"-, n. kento; kentojutsu (^ 


Jiox-iiiaker, n. hakoya. 

Boxwood, n. tsuge. 

Boy, n. (male child) oloko no ko ; 
danshl (ffyj-) ; (lad) shonen (•^^) ; 
icakaisld ; (son) mus^iko ; (shopboy) 
kozo ; ilefchl ; [the Eng. word is in 

use for the chief man-servant in 
foreign households in Japan]. 

s and girls, doiutn-donyo 


office , kodzukai; (child em- 
ployed at a public ofldce) kyfiji 

Boycott, t.v. io/torihiki wo kyoze- 
t.'ni s. 

Bo.ycott, n. * ; haihai-kyozetsu (^H 

' " ; torUdki-kyozetsu. 

Brace, n. (a piece of timber) sujikai- 
nuki [a.n. hon, ^] ; (of a drum) 

S, dziibon-tsuri. 

a (of birds, cock and hen). 

Into tsugai ; (2 birds) ni tea. 

Brace, t.v. (tighten) skime-ru ; skik- 
kari shime-ru ; (apply a brace to) 
ni/shimhari ?co kav. 

to back the sleeves (of a 

dress), tasuki wo kakem. 

Brace, i.v. 

wo dase. 

up! genki {kM.) 

Bracelet, n. ude-ica. 

Bracken, n. warabi. 

Bracket, n, (fastened to the wall) 
uke ; (in printing) kwakko (i"SJlIL). 

Brackish, a. shioppai. 

Brad, n. kugi ; muto-kugi (feflS^T) I 

Brag", i.v. faiheiraku (;fc¥-IS«) wo i« ; 

koiiKiii (irTii'U) 100 iu ; hora wo fuku ; 
o-huroshikl wo hiroge-ru. 

Braggart, n. hora-fuki; kage-henkei. 

Brag'8"iug",cn. nodeppo. 

Bralima, n. Bonten; lionien-o (^ 
^3£.) ; (fowl) * [one of the species 
of shamo]. 

Bralimanism, n. Baramon-kyo (jft 


Braid, n.jabara. 

gold , kimmom. 

silver , gimmoni. 

straw , inugiwara-sanada. 

l$raid, t.v. amu. 


[ 104 ] 


l^raiii, n. no. 

s (concrete), nodzui (Bg^) ; 

Komiso ; (abstract) ch'ie. 

disease, nobyo (BSfJg). 

fever, noklnsho (Biijft'flf). 

concussion of the , noshinto 

water on tlie , nuanishu (BS 


Brain-power, n. noryoku (BS^). 

Brake, n. (kind of fern) icarabi; 
(thicket) yahu ; (mech.) ica-dome ; 
]i't-<lome ; seidoki ( jljf]!l^). 
cane , iake-yabu. 

Jirake-van, n. kicayilcyftsJia (ig 

Bramble, n. ibara. 
Branibling', n. atori. 

Bran, n. (rice or barley) mika ; 
(wheat) fusuma. 

l$ranell, i.v. (divide) rcakare-ru ; 
fuintsu ju nam ; (as antlers) eda ni 
natte oru. 

Braneli, n. eda ; (of a family) huitke 
{5t^) ; icakare ; (of a river) eda- 
iitujare : shiryu (5tj^) ; (of a firm) 
shiten C^!^) : de-mise; shutchojo ({H 
5g^^); (agency) dairUen (f^aSlg) ; 
in comix>nnds often shi- ; as, 

line, shiseu. (i|ft). 

of study, tfakkira (^if^). 

road, eda-michi; rcakare- 


shop, dedaiia. 

main (of a family), honke 

Brand, n. (mark) yaki-i>i (i^^i); 
yakiban (il^^lj) ; (trade-mark) in; 
.shirushi; as, eagle ..-...., icnshi-in; 
(on a criminal) h-ezumi ; (burning 
wood) moe-ki. 

J5ran<l, t.v. (mark) ni/yaki-in ico s ; 
(a criminal) ni/ire-zitmi ico s ; [in 
Japan the branding of criminals was 
performed by means of tattooing]. 

J>raii«ling'-iron, n. yaki-gane. 

Brandish, t.v. furi-mawasu ; hlra- 

to aloft, furi-age-ru. 

Brand-new, a. ara-; as, a 

pipe, ara-giseru. 

Brandy, n. huramle. j 

Bras.s, u. shinchu. i 

Brass-work, n. sJdnchfi-miku (^ ; 

Brave, a. (of i^ersons) tstiyoi ; yiiki 
(^M.) '"V) aru ; (of actions) liamashU ; 
yftyushii ; doshil. 
a soldier, yusM (^±). 

Brave, t. v. (danger) oka.tu ; also 

expr. by neg. of osore-ru. 

to the winds and waves, 

filha (Si.i4) ?ro sMnogxt. 
Bravely, adv. fmiyoku ; isamasJiiku ; 

yuyu.'ihiku ; oosldku. 
Bravery, n. yftki (^M.) ; (valour) 

huyu (vk$,) : yi'ikan (-jjSi:)- 
Bravo, inter), umai, umai ; myo, myo ; 

dekashita, dekash'da. 

Brawl, n. saicagi ; sotij. 

Brawi, i.v. kenkica (ntlSg) s ; sold (^ 

Bra^vny, a. ara-kureta. 
a fellow, ara-otoko. 

Bray, i.v. nakii. 

Braze, t.v. stdnchu-rodzuke ni s. 

Brazeit-face, n. tetsumempi (H^gl 

Brazen-faced, a. (lisukamashii ; 

tetsumemfii nn ; kbgnn (%^) nn. 

Brazier, n. hibachl ; [ilifferent kinds 
are hako-hihachi enclosed in a wooileu 
box, called naga-hibarhi if oblong ; 
sldkami-hibachi with lion heads for 
legs; senioku-hibacJd, pot-shai>ed, of 
blonze. Ankica is a brazier enclose<l 
for safety's sake in a wooden cage]. 

Breach, t.v. kudzusu. 

Breach, n. (in a wall) kudzure- 
kuchi ; (qaaTTel) fiaiaka ; (of friendly 
relations) haretsu (^^) ; (of a law) 
ihan (iaJll) • (of a treaty) Ihai (SI^h ). 

of contract, iy^'kn (^|'j) ; 

keiy(dcu-ili(ni (Mi^'MS.)', hayakn 


of the peace, rhian-iogni 


[ 105 ] 


prison > tof/o/ru (^^) ; haro 

(^^) ; datsugoku {mM)- 

to commit a of, ni/somuku ; 

ni/motoru ; nijihan s ; ni/ihai s. 

Kread, n. pan ; (as opp. to cake) 

basket, pdn-ire. 

brown , fusuma no pan; 


daily , nichlyo ( Hffl) no kate. 

new , dekitate no pan. 

lireadtli, n. haba ; yoko-lmha ; fuJcu- 
i« {MM.) ; (of a flag) tate. 

length, and , yoko-taie. 

to be within a hair's of 

war, senso r/a kiki-ippatsu ('foJ^-' 
^) no kan ni semaite oru. 
rSreak, i.v. koicare-ni ; (into frag- 
ments) ktidake-ru ; (as, a bottle) ware- 
ill ; (without separating) kujike-i'U ; 
(of a long thing) orent ; (as a string, 
of continuity, relations, etc.) k'lre-ru ; 
(of the weather) kawaru ; (of surface 
bubbles) kie-ru ; (of a boil) no]kurM 
i/a aku ; tsvbure-ru ; (of a boy's voice) 
icoe-gawari ga s ; (be nicked) kakeru. 

■ the clouds are ing-, kumo- 

gire ga s. 

the day s, yo ga ake-ru. 

to into, (a house) ni/oshi~ 

komu ; ni/oshi-iru ; (as a godown) 

ico/yahutte hairu ; ing into a 

cellar, anagura-yahuri ; ing 

into a godow^n, dozo-yahurl. 

to out, (of war) okoru ; 

hajimuru ; (of an epidemic) hassei 
(^i) *' ' (of ^ conflagration) .'shidi:- 
fcicrt(:5^ 'A )■•<■. 

to out again (of an epide- 
mic), saihotsH (^?^) .V. 

to up, (of a meeting) sankirai 

(!»:#) s; kaisan ((5ISfe) s; (of a 
school) yasumi ni nam ; kyilka {f^ 
bS) 'III mini ; (as a wreck) Intkirai 
(«$^) •*. 

to with (of relations), iojen 

(ife) ga kire-m ; io/zekko (j^^) s ; 
to/te-gire ni nai^u. 

I$roak, t.v. koirasu ; kudaku ; icaru',; 

kvjika ; oru ; kal^i ; kiru ; haktcfii 

(^^) *■ ". hasai (^^) -s ; (throw into 

disorder) mvdasu ; (a law) okasu. 

to a promise, haii/aku (^ 

to a seal, knifa (^Jt) s ; 

(improperly) hafu (iSM) «• 

to a set (in selling), hn.shita 

ni uru. 

to ground (engineering), 

kalsaku (^^) s ; kiko (g.X) s. 

to in (a horse), shUcomu ', 

nori-ire-ru ; iiarasu. 

to off, oi~u ; (negotiations) 

Tmdan {^^) ni s ; (work, etc.) 

cMzetsu (4*^) «• 

to off friendship, zekko 

{tm.) .•>•- 

to one's promise, yakiusoku 

(l^>S) "■<> yahiiru. 

to open a grave, 7taA;a w-o 


to prison, j-o ico yahuru ; 

/tagoAu (^iC) s ; cZafcArt/i (KS) -^ ; 
datsugoku (IKgt) .?. 

to the ice (in introducing a 

subject), kiri-dasu, 

to to pieces, isuhusti ; mecha- 

mecha ni kowasu. 

to up (for cultivation), 


to up a camp, tetsxiei (%, 

■^) ••>■• 

to wind, he ico kiru, or fare- 

ni ; liolii (]B(K) ^• 

to be broken, the appropriate 
equiv. for Break, i.v. ; (of raihvay 
communications, etc.) fidsil (^^) 
ni nam ; (torn) yahitre-m. 
to be broken down (in means), 

to be broken off (of negotia- 
tions), Itadan (9k^) «i naru ; 
haretsu (^^) s. 

Break, u. (discontinuity in spnct) 

kitgiri ; sukima ; aida ; (in time) ma. 
of day, yo-ake ; ake-gata. 

Breakables, n. koicare-mono. 

Break*'!*, n. (wave) shira-natni ; 
(small barrel) muhu-fnm. 

Breakfast, n. (morning) asahai).; 
asanietihi; (mu\-i\iiy) himme.shi; rlin- 
jiki (S:&). 
Breakfast, i.v. amhnn, etc., ti-'} 

I have ed, mo asahan ga 



[ 106 ] 


I have not yet ed, mada 

fjozen-mne da ; mada asahan-mne 

IJreak-neek, a. to drive at 

speed, .shikku (;^Sg) s. 
Break-up, n. (as of a polit. party) 

JL$r«'ak\vater, n. iiami-yoke ; boha- 
ff'> (&j}^^) ■- ("I <^ river) midzu-yoke. 

Bream, n. tal ; (chrysophrys aries) 
hedni ; (c. hasta) Jcuro-dai ; (hoplo- 
gnathus fasciatus) ishi-dyii ; skima- 
yoko-dai ; (h. pnnctatus) ishigaki- 
dai ; (letbrinns haematoptenia) fue- 
fuki-dai ; (1. ricbardsonii) meichi-tlai ; 
(jiagnis cardinalis) kasrigo-dai ; (p. 
major) aka-dai ; bdn'i ; (p tumifrons) 

I$reast, n. (of either sex) muue : 
(anat.) kyobu (1^315) ; (of a woman) 
chichi ; chibusa ; (of a fowl) daki-mi ; 
(fig.) kokoro. 

chicken , hnto-mune. 

to make a clean , mime iro 

urhi-ake-ru ; hak^tjo ( fy !Ut) .<?.- 

to seize by the of the 

coat, muna-gura ico toru. 
Breastbone, n. muna-Ua ; kyokotsu 

Breast-liig"li, adv. mune made. 
Breastplate, n. muiie-ate. 
l$reastwork, n. kyoheki (BftH). 

l$reatli, n. iki : [one , hifo iki] ; 

kokyf, (Bf®). 
he is not to be mentioned in 

the same with (is not com- 

jxirable to), tn/dojUfni (|^ ) tw ron 
(am) »» ""f' naranu. 

to be out of , irajtfci ga kire- 


to hold the , iki tco koroau. 

to take , iki tco ire-ru\ (fig.) 

hifo-iki iro tsukii ; yasumu. 

■without taking: , iAm tco 

is^ikadzu ni. 

Breathe, i.v. iki tro tsuku. 

to one's last, tcn]iki ga tae- 


to upon, ni'iki ?ro kake-ru. 

to ■with difficulty, expr. by 

iki-gitriishii [it is painful to ]. 

Breatliiiij:-, n. iki ; kokya (u?®). 

through the nose, hana- 


Breathlessly, adv. iki ico kirashite ; 

iki iro kitfe. 

Breeeh, n. shii-i ; (of a gun) daijiri ; 

kdshi>, (]^ii). 

Breeches, n. (long) m^noshiki ; 
(.short) haui-momohiki ; (trousers) dzu- 

Breeeh-loarter, n. kdsojri (^^ 
$)t) ; i)inf<}-(iome-jri [a.n. cho (|5)]. 

Breed, t.v. sodate-ru ; kau ; shiy'> (|^ 
§1) s ; (fig., foment) kamosu. 

Breed, i.v. (of insects) rcakti ; (of 
animals) fxteru. 

to from, nojtane tco toru. 

Breed, n. tone ; in Chinese com- 
pounds -shtt; as, of mixed , 

zas.^hu (Jiff) no. 

Breeder, n. shiyoshn (^^^). 

Breeding", n. (nurture) sodate-kata ; 
sodachi ; kyoiku (fJcff ) ; (of animak) 
shiyo ; (manners) .^hitsuke. 

Breeding-place, n. mak-iba [a.n. 

for cattle, hoktichikujo (4t^ 

^) ; ushi-maki. 

Breedinjj-tiine, n. (as of birds) 

sa)ishoku-ki (^JSS^). 
Breeze, n. kaze. 
Breezj', a. kaze no oi ; kaze-datsu. 
Brent-goose, n. kokxtgan (|R)|f ). 
Brethren, n. kyudai ; (inclndir.L; 

women) kyiiddi-.'thimai ( J?."^ii|i^)- 
Brevier, n. (type) * [corresponds in 

size to Japanese ty^je No. 6, rokugo- 


Brevitj", n. (shortness) mijikai koto ; 
(conciseness) knntnn ()§f||.) ; kansetsii 

Brew, t.v. jozo (^iS) s ; kamosu ; 
(fig ) kamosu. 

Brewer, n.jozo^hn (g(i§4f ) ; shun- 
ka(my^l^): ''"k-'-fs-uhxiri. 


[ 107 ] BEI 


Brewery, n. jozosho (HiiS)^) ; (of 
sake) sakadzukmi-ba ; saka-ijura. 

Uribe, n. wairo (Rg8^) ; mainai ; 
hana-gusuri ; sode-no-shita. 

Bribe, t.v. ni/wairo ico tsukau ; nij 
mainai tco yaru ; ni/esa ico kau. 

Bribe, i.v. icairo tco tsukau. 
Bribery, n. icairo. 

affair, shtacai-jiken (44Ilfi^ 

Bric-a-brac, n. koUb-Un (#i|,m). 
Brick, n. rengica; rengicaseki (^% 


s (child's plaything), fsumi-ki. 

tea, danclui (R|^). 

fire , iaik-irn-rc)ifim( (ffit^JjR 

Brick, a. renfjvca-dzukuri no. 
Bricklayer, n. rengicn-isumi ; ren- 

f/icu-shoku {^JiM.). 
Brickniaker, n. remjica-yaki. 
Bride, n. haiia-yome. 
Bridegrooni, n. hana^nuko. 
BridjfC, n. hashi [a.n. kasho] ; (of 
mvisical instrument) koma. 

8 (general term), kyoryo (ifg 


keeper, hftshi-ban ; hashi- 


of boats, funa-hashi. 

of the nose, hana-suji. 

cantilever , *. 

draw , hane-bashi. 

iron , iefsu-itashl ; tekkyo [Wi. 


pontoon , uki-hashi. 

stone , is/d-hashi ; sekkyo (^ 


suspension , tsuri-hashi. 

swinp , maicari-hnshi. 

temporary , kari-bashi. 

the approaches of a , hashi 

no tamoto. 

the sacred (at Nikko), 

(o) ndhashi ; f OO shinkyo (IjilitS)- 

trestle , ka ch ukyo ( ^ f lij^ ) . 

two-arched , megane-bashi. 

[other kinds are maruki-bashi, a 

log , taiko-bashi, or sori- 

hnslii, a round-backed, ornamental 

, and mannen-bnshi (^^fiS), 

a narrow j)lank erected o%er 

mountain streams above the reach 
of freshets]. 

Bridge, t.v. nijhashi ico kake ru ; 
nijhashi wo kasetsu (5l«^) s. 

to be d (of a river), ni\ha.'ihl 

ga kakatte oi-u. 

Bridgo-stoiie, n. mizo-buta-ishi. 

Bridle, n. tadzwia [a.n. /ion (/^) ; 


Bridle, t.v. to the passions, 

yoku (,^) ico .set ($lj) •«. 

Brief, a. ie-mijikai ; kantan (j|^.?il) 
na ; (abridged) ryaku (Bg-) shita. 

Briefly, adv. te-mijiJcaku ; isumande ; 
kai-tsumande ; te-mljika ni ; kantan 
ni ; ara-ara. 

Briefness, n. kantan. 

Brier, n. hara ; (bramble) ibara. 

Brieade, n. (mil.) ryodan. 

fire , shobo-gumi ; shbbbtcd {\^ 

mixed , konsei-^-yodan (i§J^ 


Brigadier, n. ryodanchb 


Brigand, n. sanzoku (UiftS)- 
mounted s, bazoku (.^ 

Bright, a. akiraka na ; (full of light) 
akarui ; (of the eyes) suzuyaka na ; 
(cheery) ybki (|^,^) na ; (of colours) 
hade na ; (of weather) kicaisei ('fcJlB^) 
no ; (intelhgent) ki no kiita ; hatsumei 

mm) na. 

eyed, me 710 ixdchiii shita. 

to be , hikaru. 

Brighten, t.v. hlkarase-ru : (polish) 
to up, nojtsuya tco dasu. 

Briglitcn, i.v. hikatte kuru. 

to up (of weather), /nre-j"u ; 

Brightness, n. tsuya ; hikari ; fctro- 

ki (itm)- 

Brilliance, n. hikari; ktcbsal (^ 



[ 108 ] 


brilliant, a. (fig.) hanahanasMi ; 
kencho (MM) na. 

exploit, ikwi (^Dj). 

to be , pika-pika s; tera- 

tera s. 

lirilliailtly, adv. (fig.) mi<jo(o ni. 

Brim, n.fuchi. 

liriiut'iil, a. ippai (—)^} haitta. 
is , ippai ni natte oru. 

l$rinit'iil, adv. ippai ni. 

IJrinrtled, a. tora-ge no. 

l$rinc, n. shiomidzu. 

JJriiig', t.v. (a thing) moite kuru ; (a 
person) tsurete kwu ; (an animaJ) 
Itiite kuru [these distinctions are not 
always observed]. 

to about, (arrange) ni/hdkohi 

ICO is^ike-j-u ; (accomplish) shi-trxje- 

ru ; (caiise) kitasu ; shoji-7-u (jfe.). 

to across, laitasu. 

to an action, A (.s-o (iG|^) s-. 

to an action ag'ainst, voj 

aite-doru ; ico/uitae-ru. 

to back, moite kaei-u ; tsurete 

kaeru ; (as, an answer) jnoratte ku- 


to forth (bear), wnu ; shussho 

to forward (a topic), il- 

(lasu ; mosldtate-ru. 

to in, (from outside) torl- 

kornu ; (a bill) teisJiutm (l§tH) s. 

to on, okosu. 

to out, mochi-dasu ; isure- 

dasw, (a book) shuppan (Hi US) s ; 
(a vessel) kwaiko s ; officers 

charged with ing- out a 

vessel, kicaiko-iin {M^i^i\)- 

to over to one's side, iori- 

komu ; kochi no 'inono ul hiki-tsuke- 

to together, (assemble) 

atsume-ru ; (join) awase-ru. 

to up, (vomit) haki-(l'(.<iu ; 

inodosu ; (educate) smlafe-ru : kyo- 
iku (ISc^) * ; *o Tt)e brought up, 

to upon one's self, maneku. 

to with one, jisan (fjfg) s ; 

keitai (^^) s. 

Bringliig-iii), n. smlarki ; smlnle- 

Brink, n. kbxa ; kishi. 

Briny, a. shioppai. 

Brisk, a. (of jDcrsons) liakl-hakl \ 
shita ; (of jiersons and trade) kwajt- 
patsu (Jg-^) na. 

Bri.skly, adv. haki-huki ."shite ; kiini 
yoku. j 

Briskness, u. kicappatsu. i 

Bristle, n. koicai ke ; ara-i/e. \ 

Bristle, i.v. to up (lit. and 

fig.), ke uo sakadate-ru. 

British, a. Eikoku (55|S) no ; Igirin'' 

Columbia, Eiryb-Koromhbi. 

India, Eiryo-Indo ( >;^$g C|) /$ ) . 

subject, Eikoku-shiniiDin (% 


Brittle, a. moroi; koicare-yasuL 

Broach, t.v. (a cask) nojkucld co 
nke-rv.; (a topic) ii-das^i; (a secret) 
kuchi-hashiru \ kogicai (p 91^) s; 

Broad, a. hdba no hiroi; hiroi; (of 
piece goods) o-haha no. 

gauge, kicbkido (J^|ltii). 

in daylight, hakudn'i (^i 

^) id; mappiruma ni ; hiru-hiimhr 

it is an inch , haha ua issun 

Broad-minded, a. kokoro, or harn, 

no bkii ; tairyb (-^cW) '^• 
Broad-shouldered, a. kata w 
hiroi ; kata no Imtta. 

Broadside, n. hengen-seihalsn (|jsi^^; 

Broad wis*', adv. yoko ni. 

Brocade, n. (name of an import) , 
mon-knnakin; (Japanese) nlihiki. 

Chinese , kara-nishiki. 

gold , kinran(^^). 

Kyoto (one kind), nishijin-f/rl 

silver , glnran ( 

Br4)il, t.v. ahum. 


[ 109 ] 


Broiling', a hot, kogeruydni 


weather, enten (S^^). 

JBrokeil-backed, a. kosM-nuke no. 

to be , ica\ koshi ga mikete 


Broken-wind, n. naira. 

Broken-winded, a. naira-ke no 

Broker, n. nakadacldn'm [Com. Co.] ; 

Brokerage, n. (commission) kosen 
(niil); tesuryo [^%1^); (business) 
'xakadarhi-ei'/i/d (■(^jL'^l^) [Com. 

Bromide of potassium, .s-7(».so- 

Bromine, n. shuso. 
Bronoliial-tnbes, n. kUacamhi {M. 

Broneliitis, n. kikicanshi-en {M.^ 
^'^) ; klkicanshl-kataru. 

Bronze, n. kara-kane ; seldo {ff^ 
statue, dozo iMiti)- 

Brooeli, n. eri-dome ; mune-kazari. 

Brood, i.v. (mentally) mono-cymoi wo 

s ; kiiyo-kuyo omou. 

to over, utsu-idsu kangae-ru ; 

ku ni s. 

Brood-mare, n. tane-mewna. 
Brook, n. kogaica. 

Broom, n. (cytisus) eniskida; (for 
sweeping) kusa-boki [general name 

for s made of stalks]. 

hamboo , taka-hoki. 

millet-stalk , morokoski- 


palmetto-fibre , shwo-hoki. 

Broomstick, n. hokl no e. 

Bros, n. (brothers) kyodai-shokicai 

Broth, n. sliiru; is-uyu; dashi; 
" soppu." 

too many cooks spoil the , 

hito okereha koto nnradzu. 

Brotliel, n. joroya {ijcW^M) ; yi>joya 
(M-kM); kashi-zashiki CR'^fi:): 

i/iro (mm)- 

quarter, kurutca; ytVcicaku 


to go to a , toro (§1@) s; 


Brotlier, n. kyodal (51^) ; (one's 
f ello wman ) cZo/jo ([^gg.) [esp. in sense 
of compatriot]. 

s together, kyodai-doshi. 

elder , ani ; ani-san ; ani-ki ; 

(honorific) o ani-san. 

younger , ototo; shatei; 

(honorific) ototo-go ; go shatei (iJ|)^ 

Brother-in-law, n, (elder sister's 

hnsband) ane-muko; gikei (5^51); 

(younger sister's husband) imoto- 

miiko ; gitei (^sP/). 

brothers-in-law, gikyodai (5SJL 

Brotherly, a. kyodal no yd na ; kyd- 
dai-gara no; kyodai-doyo (H-A/l^tlR) 


Brow, n. mayu ; (eye-brow) mayu-ge. 

to knit the s, hachi noji ('ft) 

wo yose-ru ; mayu wo hisome-ru. 

Browbeat, t.v. toi-tsume-ru ; najiru ; 
kitsiimon if^fj]) s. 

Brown, a. (light) tohi-iro no ; cha-iro 
no; chakasshoku (^|S£) no; (red- 
dish) .shibu-iro no; (chestnut) kuri- 
iro no ; [akai is often loosely used 
for .- ; as, boots, ak<n 


dark , ankasshoku (Bflfjlll) 


Brown, n. tohi-iro ; cha-iro ; skiJm- 

Brown, t.v. to a rifle barrel, 

jfcshin {$^^) WO ran.shoku (^15,) 
ni s. 
Bruise, n. nchi-kidzu ; duhokush') (tf 
^^); (trace of) aza. 

Bruise, t.v. my arm is d from 

a blow, itdc, tco butarde azii ni 
natte oru. 

Brunt, n. to bear the ....?. of the 
attack, hdgi'ki(:^^) ii<> sho Ctf/) 
ni aiant. 


[ 110 ] 


Driisli, n. liake ; (European) burashi ; 
(for writing Japaneae) /wde. 

hearth , (of palmetto fibre) 

sliuro-hoki ; (of stnbble) kicojhn- 

paint , e-l)ake. 

scrubbing , tnicashi. 

lirusli, t.v. haku ; (boots) migaku ; 
(the hair) tokasu ; (clothes) efburashi 
KO kake-ru ; no/gomi ico otosu. 

to aside, yoko in hnrctu; 


to away, harau. 

to out (a room), mr'ijomi ico 


Srnsli, i.v. to against, nil 


Brushwood, n. (standing) shii/euii ; 
(cut) soda. 

Brusque, a. sokkeiuii. 

Briisqiielj-, adv. .s-okkenahu. 

Briissels-sproiits, n. me-kahejl. 

Brutal, a. zatilcoku na ; zanniu )ia ; 

zunqyaicu na ; satsxhafsic /!/■( ; yahan 

mW na. 
Brutality, n. zatikoku (JgSu) ; 2«»- 

nin (^S) ; Txinfjyakxi (^^) ; satsii- 

haisu (ISfjg). 

Brutally, adv. equiv. of Brutality 
foil, by ni. 

to be murdered, 

(^IS) sareni. 

to treat , >jyakuUu (jg^) s. 

Brute, a coiirag-e, hippu (gC 

p*c) no yu (^). 
Brute, n. chikusho (^4.). 
Brutish, ii.ju.shin (^it*) no. 

Bubble, n. ahuku ; midzu-taina ; uhu ; 
(on surface of liquid) aica. 

to burst like a (come to 

nothing), midzu no aica ni naru. 

Bubble, i.v. ira]ahuku fja tatsti ; 

Bubo, n. yokone ; heiidoku (ffi#). 

Bubonic plague, "pcsto"; koku- 

shibyd (mjEm)- 

Buck, n. o-}ika [a.n. hiki (pC)]. 

Bucket, n. ie-oke. 
well , isurube. 

Bucketful, n. one , te-oke 

il)pni (— ^). 

Buckle, n, hijo-gane ; shbne-gane. 

Buckle, t.v. nf'jhijb-gane tea shime-ru. 

Buckskin, n. shika no kaica. 

Buckthorn, n. (rhamnus japonicus) 

Buck up, i.v. geiiki (ytM.) '<^o f'«*« > 
isei (^$J-) ico isuke-ru. 

Buckwheat, n. sdba. 

pure , kisoba (4.^l^)- 

Bud, n. (of a flower) isubomi; (of a 

leaf) hie. 
Bud, i.v. ica] tsubomi ga de-ru ; ic«] 

me ijn de-ru ; me icofiiku ; megumu. 
Bud, t.v. jii/jHc ICO tsugu ; ni/me-t.stigi 

KO S. 

Buddha, n. Hotoke; Xyorai; (Gnu- 
tanin) Shak'i {^H^); (^). 

's death, Nehan (jSfg). 

's disciples, Eakan (8l^). 

large image of a , 


the five s, Gochi-ny<)rai (Hfy 

Bu4ldhaizing', a. butsu-jimiia. 
Buddhism, n. Bukkyo (^ffe) ; Bup- 

l>'>mm)< Buisudo (^mi 
Bu<ldhist, n. Bukkyo-.shii>ja ; Buk- 

kyo-.slilido (f-J^fifaM) ; Bukkyoto. 
Buddhist, a. /iup}jo no. 

canon, i.s.sai-kyo (— ^i^|. 

idol, BhIshzo (^tf^). 

monastery, tent ; jilu ( ^j-^). 

picture, IMsugira (f^3J). 

priest, ix'nu (ijj^): "sho {\a 

fil): v'^d^). 

scriptures, Bukkyo (^^l. 

temple, But.sudo {^■^) : ./.(- 

'>'on (fjp^) ; (in wide sense) t>r<i ; 

[as a rule a Buddhist temple has 

two names, one ending in -ji (^), 

the other in -san (Ul)]. 

Budge, i.v. ugoku. 

will not an inch (tig.), ippo 

( — ii;) ino shirizokatvti. 


l?U(ljfet, n. yosaa-an (]|R^^) ; yosan. 

supplementary , tsuika- 

ijosan (ill/JD^If). 

ISuft', a. (colour) (jampi-iro no. 

linftalo, n. yaqya (Sf-'f^) [a.n. hiki 

water , suigyu (Ti^.^-). 

I$uffer, n. kicanshohi {^Wll^) ; natv- 

state, chuI,aH-koku ('p\mi^); 

kansho-loku (^X^W)- 
liilffoon, n. (professional) hokan (^f 
^); taiko-moch! ; (general) mloke- 

Bllgf, n. nankin-iHUshi. 
Kiij?ban<', n. mmho. 
Kiigfle, n. rappa (1^^); (ajuga de- 
ciimbens) kikiiba no juni-hitoe. 

call, goon {WUY 

to sound a , rappa xcofiiku. 

Bugrlor, n. mppashu (5M9'W) ; rappa- 

Bugleweert, n. ezo-kosMrone. 

Bugloss, n. ushi no shitagusa. 

Buihl, t.v. tate-ru ; fushin (#|S) s ; 
kenchiku (j^|g) .v; (a fort, etc.) 
kidzuku ; (a vessel) koshirae-ru ; kenzo 

built into the wall (as of 

shelves), tsuknri-tsuke no. 

to a temple, tera tco konryfi 

im-jL) s. 

to up again (fig., one's coun- 
try's fortunes, etc.), sniko (15-S) •**• 
Build, i.wfiish'ui ICO s. 

is in course of ing"? fashin- 

<'hu m2^i\:i) da. 

Bllihl, n. (manner of building) tate- 
kata ; (of \xx\y) talknku [^i^). 

of large , u-gara no. 

ship of Japanese , ulkon- 

gata-sen; icasen (^HH). 

l$uil«ler, n. (contractor) kenchiku- 
nheoinin; kenchiknnin (1^^A)< 
(mason) t.s/t(i/a ; (carpenter) daUcu. 

Building', n. (act of) fushin; ken- 
chiku; zoi:i (iS*^); (tbe fabric) tatf- 
mono; kasaku (l^i^); (of n vessel) 

s (general term), knoku (5^;||). 

[ 111 ]__ BUL 

land, takuchi (^ifi). 

materials, kenchUcu-yozai ( jg 

new (annexe of an hotel), 


Bulb, n. ne [ht. root] ; tama ; (of a 
thermometer) kyu (3E^). 

Bulbul, n, brown-eared , hlyo- 


Bulge, i.v. to out, haramu; 

Bulk, n. (largeness) kasa ; (dimen- 
sions) okisa ; (cargo) »i ; (quantity, 
of goods) yoseki (^Bt)- 

in (without covering), niuki- 

dashi ni. 

the greater , bkatn; tahun 

Bulkhead, n. kakuheki (R5^) ; -ihi- 

Bulky, a. kasahatta. 
to be , kasaharu. 

Bull, n. o-ushi [a.n. hUci (gC)] ; 
(com.) kaiya. 
the (astron.), kingyukyu (^ 

Bulldog, n. kenkica-inu {V^S$J^). 

Bullet, n. tama ; dangican (5f.A). 

naould, keikaku (^<^). 

expanding , kaiten<langicaa 

shrapnel s, .safwZwji (f|5^). 

stray , sor6<lama ; ryndan (^ 

55) ; nagare-dama. 
Bulletin, n. (doctor's) yodni-gaki (ff 
5^#) ; hyosho-nl^shi {Mff^W HoJ) ." ^.V'J" 
sho-kiji (#q£^flG¥); (mil.) rikugan- 

kohb im^^m- 

Bull-tlglit, n. togyiigi [WVHk)- 
Bullfinch, n, ieriuso. 
eastern , uso. 

Bnllfrogr, n. hiki-gaem. 
Bullion, n. (uncoined gold or silver) 

gold , ki)ikicai (^Ijfe). 

silver , ginkicai (^^). 

Bullneck, n. ikuhi. 
Bullock, n. o-u.shi; (ox) ushi. 
Bull's-eye, n. (of a targi't) hoshi. 


[ 112 ] 


Bully, t.Y. ijime-ru. 

ing the •weak, yoirai-mono- 


to a man out of his 

opinion, muri ico itte hito tco 

to into, muri ni — yd ni 

oNjii-f.stike-ru ; icQ/muri-ojo sase-ru. 

Sully, n. ahare-mono ; hokaku (^^). 
JBllllyiuj^, n. yoicalmono-ijime.' 
Biili'iish, n. (Jaiianese )gama; 

(typha angiistifolia) hime-gama ; (lake 

olttb-rush) fuio-i. 

Bulwark, n. (naut.)fana-l>ata;funa- 
hurhi ; nami-yoke; (rail) fesun' ; (fig.) 
hampei {^U). 

l$uiuble-beis n. kmnahachi. 

Biinibuat, n. tihokuryosen (:^^J|2). 

Buiiiuinlo, n. sayori. 

Bump, i.v. ataru; huttsukarit; (au- 
dibly) dovhi-dosJd ataru. 

Bump, t.v. hutsuke-ru. 

to heads together, hachi- wo s. 

Bump, n. kohu. 

of wisdom (on Amida's 

brow), hyakwfjo ( |5 $). 

Bumpkin, n. country , muku- 

ilori ; aka-ij'lto [lit. red blanket]. 
Bumptious, a. namalki na. 
Bumpliously, adv. namaiki ni. 
Biimptiou.sno.s.s, n. namalki. 
Bun, n. (containing sugared beans) 
7/(«//j(7 (If 5^) ; ampan; [the latter are 
not quite as soft as the former]. 
Bunch, n.fiisa. 

a of grapes, hudo hilofusa. 

Bund, n. kaigan-dori {^^f'r-M.)- 
Bundle, n. (parcel) tsutsumi ; (in a 
cloth wrapper) furoshiki-dzutsumi ; 
(of sticks, straw, etc.) taha ; ica ; 

to make (sticks, etc.) into a , 


Bundle, t.v. to together, 


to up, tsxitsumu. 

Buugr» n- sen (i^). 

Bungalow, n. Mraya. 
Bung-hole, n. de-guchi. 
Bungle, t.v. yari-sokonav. 
Bungler, n. heta ; heho. 

Bungling, a. (unskilful) hukiyo (:^ 
IJ^) na; (clumsily made) husaiku 
(^^fflX) na; fu-tegiica no. 

Bunker, n. coal , sekitanso (5 

RH') ; sekitan-gura ; sekitanko {^ 
InM-) I dampro [coolie's term]. 
Bunting, n. (flag-cloth) hafa-fa (^ 

Bunting, n. (emberiza elegans) ml- 
yama-hojiro ; (e. sulphurata) nojiko ; 
(e. variabilis) kuroji ; s^(m}yaki. 

Japan meadow , hojiro. 

masked , aoji. 

painted , ho-aka. 

ruddy , shima-nojiko. 

rustic , kashiradaka. 

snow , yuki-hojiro. 

thickbilled reed , o-jurin. 

yellow-breasted , shima- 

(lojl ; chosen-aojl. 

Yezo , nabe-kavmrl; kojiirin. 

Buoy, n. fuhyo (i-ft^); nki-jirushi ; 
(of an anchor) ^lke. 

Buoy, t.v. (keep afloat) nkase-ru ; 
(mark by buoys) nijfuhyo ico tsuke-ru. 

Buoyant, a. (tending to float) yoku 

Bur, n. (general) togenomi; ho (%) 
[scientific term] ; (of chestnut) ega ; 
igu ; (of the common agrimony) imi- 

Burden, n. (load) nl ; (trouble) 
nangl (|^tl) > (of «• tax, etc.) futan 
ii^ii) ; (of proof, etc.) gimu (^^) ; 
(responsibility) seme ; sekinin (^|t) ; 
(of a ship, in tons) ionsn (Dfl^t) ; (in 
kokn) kokxisu (S5t)- 

of 50 tons , gojittoH-dzmui no. 

to become a to, nojynkkai 

(/B'fr) ni nam. 
Burdensome, a. nangi na ; kyu- 
kutsu (I?®) na. 

Burdock, n. golo (4^^). 
Bureau, n. (sub-dept.) kyoku (^); 
l>u(g|5); as, mining , kicozan- 

kyoku m\im)- 


[ 113 ] 


Uiirg-lar, n. yato (SS) ; oshi-komi ; 
fjoto ; [the latter two are not confined 
to night-robbei-s]. 

IJiirg-lary, n. yakan {^^) no (joto ; 
yato ; oshi-komi ; (joto. 

Biirg-omaster, n. sldcho (TJT;^) ; 
(giUl) shiro-kamome, 

lilirial, n. inaiso {iJU^.) ; (funeral) 
tomurai ; swei (^jjiS) ; in Chinese 
compounds 50- ; as, rites, so- 

shiki m^). 

permit, maiso-ninkasho ( JBg^^ 

service, maisoshiJci. 

jBurial-groiiiKl, n. hnkaha; hochi 
{^<m) ; iMiisochi (JPif-tt); (of a 
family) bodaisho (ff^f^) [a.n. knsho]. 

JBurill, n. ta-gane. 

Bui'iiiall, n. Birurmi (fg^). 

Burn, n. yakeclo ; kicashd ('A^). 

]$iirii, t.v. yak^i ; mosu ; moyasu ; 
(scorch) ko'jasu ; (canteiize) yaku ; 
(a criminal) ahuri-korosu. 

to a town (in war), viachi ico 

yaki-uchi s. 

to coal, sekitan wo taku. 

to down (purposely), saki- 

harau; to be t down, sho- 

shitsu (ll^^-) .V ; yake-ochi-ru ; (of a 

mud gotlown) vcld-ru. 

to one's self, yakedo .v. 

to be t out, yake-dasare-ru. 

to be t to death, yake-shinu ; 

.shoshi (^y^) s. 

to up, yaite shimau; yaki- 

sute-ru ; (firewood, etc.) taki-tsuku- 

su; to be t up, yakete shimau. 

(lli'il, i.v. (blaze) moe-ru ; (be con- 
sumed by fire) yake-ru ; (be scorched) 
koije-ru ; (have a sensation of heat) 
piri-piri s ; (smart) shimi-ru. 

the candle s quickly, ro- 

soku no tdbo7'i <ja hayai. 

to out" (of a candle, etc.), 

latsu ; tatte shimau. 

to make , mosxi. 

Surnct, n. chiy^i ; ehine ; dfinr/ohfina ; 
dnnijo-itudaki . 

garden , aytme-iamu. 

Burning", a. yakeni yd na ; Iiageshii. 

glass, hitori-metjane. 

point, (of converging rays) 

shotea (.^Si) [used also fig.] ; (com- 
bustion point) hakkicafen (f^'ASft). 

Burnish, t.v. migaku. 

Burnt-offering-, n. hatisai (l^yj). 

Burrow, t.v. moguru ; horu. 

Burrow, i.v. isuchi ico horu ; tsuchi 
ico moguru. 

Burrow, n. ana. 

Burst, n of passion, /(Oir/eAt 

Burst, i.v. sake-ru ; (of a bomb, etc.) 
haretsu (5$^) s ; (as a bottle) koica- 
re-ru ; (of a boil) fukkiru ; (of a 
blister) no]kuchi ga aku ; (of clothes) 
yabure-ru ; hari-kiru ; hari-sake-7'u . 

to into (enter uproariously), 

e/ahare-koinu ; e/rannyu (SLA.) s; 

e/chinnyu (fi^A) s. 

to into tears, icatlo naJci- 


to open, (of a flower) hokoro- 

hu ; (of rijoe fruit) emi-icare-ru. 

to out a second time (of 

fire), sai-kae-ru ; okori-kae-ru. 

to out of, yorijfuki-dasu ; (a 

house) icojtohi-dasit. 

Burst, t.v. .saku ; yaburu. 

to in, oshi-koicasu. 

Bury, t.v. (in the ground) ume-ru ; 
udzume-ru ; ikeru ; (a corpse) mmo 
(Sl^-) •' ; homuru ; Hceru ; umeru. 

to alive, xki-xune ni s. 

to in water, suiso (yjc^) s. 

Bui'ying, n alive, iki-nme. 

Bush, n. (shrub) kwanJjoku (jS>t^) 

[a.n. kahii]; (vintner's sign) .^aJiU- 

Bushel, n. equiv. to 1 to 9 shd 5 go 

3jaku 3 sai. 
Bushy, a, shigella ; hahari no yoi ; 

(of the beard) mitsha-musha to haeta, 
to become , habaru. 

J$usiness, n. (work, affair) yo ; ydji 
{}]\W-) > shigolo ; ydmuki (HJ|6]) ; jinm 
($^); r/.yo»!« mn); (calling) ka- 
'lyo VMM) ; fosei (i^&:) ; (profession) 
.shokugyd (Igjilg) ; cigy,-) (;*f -VJ) ; (mer- 


[ 114 ] 


cantile calling) sho<jyo {j^H) ; (trade) 
shobai {M%)\ (an industry) j'myo ; 
(dealings) torihiki ; (matter, question ) 
koto ; jiken (^'R^) ; ikken (—ft)- 

hours, shitsinnn-jikan (^^ 

^^) ; eigyo-jikan. 

tax, eigyo-zei {^M^)- 

ye&T, jigyo-nendo (^H^Jt)- 

commercial (i.e. job), shoyo 


conversation on 


I have there, asuko ni yo 

ga aru. 

I have come on , yo ga atte 


it is none of your , omae no 

shitta koto ja nai ; omae no kwan- 
kei (H^) sii-heki koto <1e tea nai ; 

although it is none of my , 

yokei na koto da ga. 

it is not my (dnty), irata- 

kushi no kakarl de tea nai. 

no admission except on ! 

7iiuyo (to/Tl) >iO mono irn hekaradzu. 

ordinary ,jd)mi (^'^). 

practical man, jUsugyoka 


publi c , koyb ( S^ ffl ) : kom m 


to be in the habit of doing 

(trade) with, tojsli ijn torih iki 

too s. 

to close a , heiien (Pfl/jls) s. 

to make a of, tro'gyd(^) 


to open a , kaigyo (Bai|)s; 

kigyo (feU) 5. 

what is your P nani go yo 

desti ka. 

go and ask him what his 

is, nan no yd de kita ka tadzunete 

Bust, n. hanshinzo (^^^). 

Bustard, n. great , nagan. 

Bustle, n. saicagi ; zatto (^^) ; 
(cheerful) nigiicai. 

to be in a , saicagu; (of a 

person, flurried) axcate-ru ; (of a 
place) gota-gota s. 

Bustling', a. (person) sairagashii ; 
(place) niglyakn na. 

Busy, a. isogash'ti ; sevashii ; (of ; 

traffic) himpan (||3R) na. I 

I am sorry to have troubled ; 

you when you were , o iso i 

gashi't, or tabo na, tokoro ico ojama 
tco itashimashUa. 

I am too to see him just 

now, iina o-toi-ikom i da kara o me 
id kakarenai. 

I have been too lately to 

go out, konaida-chu yd ga okide 
soto e derare-nakatta. 

to be , tori-komu ; tayo (^/fl) ' 

de aru ; tabo (^tt) de aru ; hamhd 
(Xtt) de aru. 

Busy, t.v. to one's self about 

(an undertaking), nijhonso (ijif^) s. 

Bu.syborty, n. sewa-yaki. 

But, conj. (yet) shikashi ; >>hika.shl 
nagara ; ga at the end of a clause ; 
(only) tada, or tatta, followed by 
hakari, or kiri ; (except) no hoka n!. 

for, de nakereba. 

still, (7« ga ; da keredotno; 


cannot , yori hoka ica nai. 

I have one, hitotsii shihc 


I have nothing this, kofio 

hoka ni nani mo nai. 

nothing a joke, hon no 


there is nothing for it to 

go, iku yori hoka Ka nai. 

Butcher, n. niku-ya (^g) ; ushi-ya. 

Butcher, t.v. (cattle) ; 
(briitally murder) (^^tj) v. 

Butcher-bird, n. (shrike) mozu. 

Butcher's-brooiu, n. nagi-ikada. 

Butclierv, n. (shambles) togyfOja 
(ii^^«): tosaisuha(^^^); "(mas- 
sacre) gyakusatsv. 

Butler, n. (in a nobleman's house- 
hold) zemhu (|^^). 

Butuient, n. (of a bridge) hashi-dai. 

Butt, n. (bank of earth) adzuchi; 
(target) mato ; (cask) o-daru ; (object 
of merriment) tjcarai-mono ; (of a 
gun) dai. 

end of , daijiri. 

small of , nigiri. 


BUT [ 115 ] 


J3ntt, t.v. atama de tsuku. 

Butter, n. haia. 

fresh , shin-haia. 

tinned , kican^ata. 

IJiittercup, n. kimpoge {^JB.^); 
iima no ashigata. 

liutterecl, a. hata-nnri no. 

Uutterliy, n. rho (i^) ; cho-eho [a.n. 
ira ; hiki\. 

net, taho. 

IJuttocks, n. shh'i ; kelm ; (single) 
projecting , detrkiri. 

ISltttoil, n. hotan; (knob, of a 
drawer, etc.) isumami ; (to retain 
tobacco-pouch, etc., at belt) netsiilce. 

Itilttoii, t.v. nojbofan ico kake-ru. 

ISiitton-liolc, n. hotan no ana. 

Biltton-liook, n, botan-kake, 

JJiittress, n. (sumhari. 

to support by a , ni/tsnmhari 

ico kau. 

J$lixoni, a. gicanjo (ig^) na. 

liny, t.v. kau ; motoyne-ru ; torn ; (on 
a large scale) kbkyii (^^) s ; konyu 
(UlA) *' ; (stock in trade) shi-ire-ru ; 
no/shikomi iro .1 ; (bribe) haishu 

to and keep, kaile oka. 

to a pig in a poke, kui- 

kahuri iro s. 

to back, kai-uHKlosu. 

to for a mere song, ffideiie 

)ii kan. 

to for cash, genkin (ff^) 

de kau. 

to in, kni-toru. 

to on credit, kake de kau. 

to up, hais-hfi (gift).'*; kai- 

ko^nu ; (of govt.) kai-age-ra ; (the 
whole of a nnmber of things) kai- 
.shime-ni ; (all the jjlaces in a 
carriage, etc.) kal-kiru. 

IJliytT, n. (cnstomer) kal-te ; (one 
wishing to hny ) nozomi-te ; (as dist. 
from seller) kai-kata ; (one who has 
bought) kai-iat.sli'i. 

lUiyiufX iviHl soiling, 7iri-kai; 

Buzz, i.v. (of an insect) hunibun nam ; 
(as machinery) bumbun iu. 

BiizziU'd, n. nosuri. 

eagle , kuma-taka. 

honey , hachi-kuma. 

Japan , aka-nosuri. 

Javan , sashiba. 

rough-legged , kmsld-no- 


By, prep, (near) no soba 7ii ; no rcnki 

ni ; as, sit me, icatakushi no 

.soba ni o kake nasai ; (not later 
than) made ni ; made ; as, I shall 

be ready 10 o'clock, ji'ijl made 

ni shif(U,u ga dekimasho ; that 

time, sore made ; (through the agency 
of) ni : no tame ni ; as, he was 

bitten a dog, inu ni kamareta ; 

he was killed dacoits, dohi 

(iBE) no tame ni korosareta ; (by 

means of) de \^de motie ; as, boat, 

fune de; land, oka de; riku 

(j^) de; ...... sea, funaji de; (by 

way of) ICO hefe ; kara ; vo totte ; as, 

he entered the window, 

mado kara haitia ; (by virtue of) nl 

yotte; as, treaty, jdyakn ni 

yoite; joyaknjo (j^|<]_h.) ; (near to, 
in j)assing) no mae ico ; )>o kinjo xco ; 

as, I passed the temple, tera 

no mae ico torima.shita ; (with a ver- 
bal noun in English) geruni,! in 
Japanese ; if there is an implied hy- 
l)othesis a conditional construction is 
used ; as, he was killed fall- 
ing from the roof, yane kara ochite 
.shinda ; you will hurt yourself 

smoking too much, amari 

tabako ico nomu to o karada no gai 
ni 7iaru daro ; (in comparisons) hodo ; 

ddlce; as, is longer 10 feet 

than, yori ji'^.thaku hodo nagai ; 
(in sijec'ifying dimensions) ni ; as, 
6 feet 3, .lanjaku ni rokn.^-kaku. 

and , noehihodo ; (shortly 

after) yagate. 

far, haruka nl. 

...... one's self (alone), hitoridt; 

(without help) Idtoi'i de tea. 

the way, tocka (^'|») dt; 

(introducing a topic) isiikunu koto 

desu ga. 

day day, hibi ni; when an 

idea of increase of degree is present 


[ 116 ] 


-masJii ni is sufBxed to the noun ; 

as, hl-mashi ?i(, day tiay 

more ; tosli i-mash i ni, year 

year more. 

N" E., Jxtfa sukosJd fii'/ashi: 

hokn-li-fo {:^^m- 

one one, hitotsu-dz^il.fii [or 

instead of hitofnu the appro- 
l>riate anx. num.] ; hUofsu-hitotsn 

to calculate the day, /*■- 

iriiri (le ka)>jo (^S) s. 

to come (acquire), le tii ini 

[E. obj. -i- J. subj.] : as, how 

did you come that book 2 

■sono hon ica do shite, o ie nl iri- 

to hire the hour, jikan- 

ijime de ynlov. 

to sell the pound, (7. /.in 

(~fx) ilf urv. 

l?y, adv. to lay money, Icnte 

iro inme-ru. 

to put , sliimau; knUuJzv- 


to pass , tdri-suijint. 

Kye, "by the , toki ni ; isuide ni; 

tsui'Ie naijara. 

Bye-law, n. kisoku (^RiJ) ; (rnlB 

relating to details) saisoku (^gl]). 
l$v-electioii, n. hoketsxK-senkyo (^[j 

j Bygone, a. sugi-satta. 

Bygone, n. let s be s^sugi- 

satta koto ica torikeshi ni shiyo ja 

nai ka. 
By-path, n. kando (^M)- 
By-roa«l, n. icaki-michi ; nuke-michi. 
Bystander, n. icaki ni tatte iru hito : 
kemhnfsHtun (^!f%A). 

to send away the s, hito- 

hnrai no s. 

By-street, n. nra-dori ; (cross-street) 


(', ( eunmerative) hci (pg). 

I'ab, n. hashn (^^.). 

Cabal, n. t„to (tl^) ; toyo (lf«<l). 

(Cabalistic, a. himitsu (fjf.^) no; 
okiigi (H^) no (int. 

t'abbage, n. * ; botan-im ; hn-hotan. 

Cabin, n. (hut) koya; (in a ship) 

■■^enshitsx (tS'M)- 

first class , jotd-.<ihit.'<n ( |-^ 


Cabin-boy, u. (senshitsu no) kijt'iji 

Cabinet, n. (council of state) naUva- 
'^ (^BB); (ditto, in early years of 
Meiji) dajokwan (Js:^'^) [com]x)sed 
of Dajo-daijin (yfc^A:E), Sadaijin 
(lEkW, '^' l^l'i'j'in (y^:kU). and a 

certain number of Sangi (#^) or 
councillors] ; (ditto, under the Shogu- 
nate) goroju (iS'^^') \ (furniture) 
tmisu (^^). 

council, naikaku-Jcwaigi {pi 


Cabinet-iuaker, u. kagusld (5JCJI. 
Bip) ; sashimono-shi ; sashimono-ya. 

Cabinet-size, (of photo.) chvgata. 

Cable, n. odzuna ; (of an anchor) i/,a- 

one (nautical measure), ifhi- 

ren (-'^). 

submarine , kaitei-densen {i^ 


Cackle, i.v. (of birds) ?iofc« ; saedzu- 
ru ; (tattle) hakabanashi too s ; sae- 



[ 117 ] 


Cactus, n. shaboten] sappo. 

[a large in the Loochoo islands 

is called Jidra], 

Cadaverous, a. yase-koketa ; shibUo 
no yd (^) na. 

countenance, shibito-dzura. 

Caddis, n vrorva, sukKmomit^ 


Caddis-fly, n. fuJaigani. 

Cadence, n. (fall of the voice) yoku- 
on (yp^) ; yokuyo (^^). 

Cadet, n. (son) hasshi (J^J-) ; 
(naval) kaUjun-seito (-^^.^l:.^^) ; kai- 
i/vn-Ji eifjakko-.seito ( v^^l^ -^^ Jii$ ) . 

Ca<let-fan»ily, n. bekke (M'^) ; bxin- 

ke {^%). 
Cadge, i.v. isoros; shokkaku ("^^) 

ICO s. 

Cage, n. (for animals) ori ; (for birds) 

Cairn, n. iskidzuka. 

Caisson, n. fiensui-bako (r^/K®) ; (for 
ummnnition) danyakusha (3f.^i^). 

Cajole, t.v. ni/hetsurau ; ni/kobi-ru ; 
ni/omone-ru ; no/kigen ico torn ; "woj 
kuchi-gunimn ni nose-ru. 

Cake, n. kwnshi ; (a concrete mass) 
kutanviri ; (hard) hi-gtcashi ; (made of 
mochi) mochi-gicashi. 
sponge , kasTdtm. 

Cake, t.v. katamaru. 

<^akya-Muni, n. Shoka-imm! (1^ 

Calabash, u.fukube; hyot'in {^^). 

Calamitous, a. sninau (-^|(f) aa ; 
fuko {'^'^) wi ; fushUncase wi. 

Calamitously, adv. itamaskiku ; 
(iinare ni ; fuko ju ; kana.'ihlkK. 

Calamity, n. .lubidti (i)i%i^) ; fuko 
('^^^■); aaigfti (iji^-) ; wauacai. ■ 

Calcareous, a. isjiibni no ; seki- 
kicalfihitsu (HB'cSt) "0 ; ishibui no oi. 

Calcination, n. eqniv. of Calcine 
foil, by koto. 

Calcine, t.v. ishibai nl s ; yaile kana 
ni s ; (nnimnl or vegetable subst- 

ances) kuroyaki ni s ; (metal) san-' 
kica mit) s. 

Calculable, a. kanjd no dekiru; 
kazoerareru ; hakarareru ; sanyo sa- 
reru ; keisan sareru. 

Calculate, t.v. kanjd (^;e) •■<• ; ka- 
zoe-ru ; hakaru ; keisan (^ilt) •' '> 
(the value of) mi-tsumoru ; (with » 
view to a future enterprise) isuiiiorti. 

is ed to, indie, pres. foil, by 

kanjd da, omoicareru, or sh'ittf uru ; 

behaviour of that kind is 
ed to cause much trou- 
ble, sono yd wi okotmi kh dai 
konnnn (HKl) "■" shdjiru to omoiM- 

to upon, fs-nnu)r>, or mikomi 

de ant ; as, 

I on receiving- an answer 

next month, raigetsu (3|$/J ) henjl 
(IS^) './"■ kvru tsumori da. 

Calculating-, a. (in a bad sense) 
kanchi ($f^) no aru ; (of a person)' 

Calculus, n of variations, 

henkwan-sampd (i^\^%T(ii)- 
differential , blhvn-.simipd' 

integral , ftekibun-sanq-d (f^ 

urinary , sekirin (HiRc) : Ae.9- 

sckibyd (i^:Gfn)- 

Calculation, n, kanjd (teOiii) ; kei- 
ftan ; (act of) eqiiiv. of Calculate 
foil, by koto ; (mental) tsumori ; (of 
a coming event) yoiei (ff^'g^). 

exact , seisan (i^^). 

rough , gaisan (^^). 

Calendar, n. koyoml ; reAi ; (alma- 
nac) rekisho (®^). 

a month, reklgetsu (^f JIK 

European , seireki (gli^). 

lunar ^Chinese), inreki {^ 


new , shinreki (^rflf ). 

old , kyfireki mm). 

solar , taiydreki (ARfe'^)- 

Call', n. (animal) ko-ushi ; (of the leg) 
fxd.vrappagi ; komura. 
love, hat.^H koi. 


[ 118 


Calibre, n. (diameter) ?iotei { P ^) : 
sasJii-Katashi ; chokkel (iH®) ; (of n 
giin) sugnchi; hbko (5fiP); kbkei 
(P@): (of mind) nbryoku [fj^-fy); 
kiryo dSJ:). 

Calico, n. sarasa ; kyarako ; knnn- 
kin. \ 

Calijfrapliy, n. nbslio (^H) : \n- 

hitsu mm)- 

Caligrapliist, n. noshoka (^ft^) ; 

Call, t.v. (assemble) shoshi't (^jj^) s ; 
(assemble, of students) boshu (^^) 
s ; (give a name) nadzukeru ; (name) 
ionaern ; iu ; niosu ; (summon) ynhu ; 
(summon in) yobi-komu. 

to back, yobi-kaesu ; ydbi- 


to forth, dasu ; furui-okosu. 

to in, (a doctor) kake-ni ; 

(withdraw from circulation) hiki- 

(tfjeni ; Inki-kaete yarn. 

to names, vjarukiicM tco hi ; 


to near, yobi-yose-ru. 

to out, yobi-dasu; (the re- 
serves) shoshil s. 

to over, ichi-ichi yobi-tateru ; 

ichi-ichi ni yobn. 

to the roll, tenko (littf) s. 

to together, yohi-atsumeru ; 

shoshu (Sft) s. 

to to mind, omoi-diitu ; 

omoi-tsuku [E. obj. + J. subj.]. 

what is that ed? sore tra 

nan to iu mono ka ; soi-e tea nan to 

moshimasu ka. 

Call, i.v. (visit) tadzune-ru ; v.ka(/au ; 
(useil to another) Jiomon (tJJI^ ) s. 

to at (in passing) nlltachi- 

yoi-u ; nijyoni ; (of a ship) ejtsttke- 
m ; ejyoru ; ejkiko (^^) s. 

to on, tadzxine'Tu ; tco/lidmon 

(I5I«9) J*; (a sick person) mimau; 
ico'mimai ni yukii. 

to out, oki na koe ico dasu ; 

(for help) sakebu. 

to out to (a person), yohi- 

kake-ni ; ni/koe wo kakeru. 

to upon (to perform an act), 

ni tco saisoku (f^(£) s ; sai- 

koku (tg-g-) s [Com. Co., Civ. Pro.]. 

Call, n. (for help) sakebi ; (on a sick 
person) mimai ; (visit) tadzune ; lib- 

deposit at , toza-adznke-kin. 

return , henrei (SiSS)- 

to pay a (on shares), liarai- 

komi tea s [Com. Co.]. 

Calling:, n. kar/yo (^^") ; shokuriyu 
(iSi^) ; honoyb \^W) ; (employment) 
shif/oio ; wiriieai ; tsutome ; (trade) 

Callosity, n. tako (Sffflg) ; mame. 

Callous, a. (fig.) jo (tra) ni utoi ; mujb 
(^tn ) na ; reitan (j-ft-gfe) no ; nasake 
no nai ; atcaremi no nai. 

Callously, adv. mvjo ni ; reitan ni ; 
nasake naku ; atcaremi naku. 

Callousness, n. mvjd ; reitan ; atca- 
remi no nai koto. 

Callow, a. (immature) rld-k'u.'iai (fL 
%) ; chi 7io ka no nukenai [vulg.]. 

Calm, a. (in face of danger) ocki- 
ts^iita ; (of a person) ochitsuita ; 
chinchaku (J^^) na ; chincho (y^t 
g) na ; (of the sea) odayaka na ; 
na^ji no yoi ; shidzuka na ; (of wea- 
ther) heion (^S) ''f' '< nodoka na ; 
uraraka na. 

to be, naf/ite iru ; naf/i da. 

to become , ochitsuku; (of 

sea) nagi-ru. 

Calm, t.v. (appease) yaicarageru ; 
shidzumeru ; mtdameru ; n^gusame- 

to be ed, shidzunviru. 

to one's anger, ikari tco 


to one's self, At tco ochi- 


Calm, i.v. (of the wind) nagiru. 
to down, osamartt. 

Calmly, adv. shidzuka ni ; ochiisuite ; 
nodoka ni ; odayaka ni ; chijichaku 
ni ; chincho ni. 

Calmness, n. (of sea) nagi; (of 
^weather) heion ; (self-reixjse) ochi- 
tsuita koto ; odayaka na koto ; chin- 
chaku ; chincho. 

Calomel, n. keifun (i^fg-) ; kanko 



[ 119 ] 


Calorie, n. kwaki (^ft). 

Calorimeter, n. sokuonki (jRHiaS). 

Caltrop, n. (bot.) hamahisM, 

Calnniiiiate, t.v. soshhni ; zfinso 
mm) s; zangen (Hf) .s ; hiho (if 

n) .s' ; inki mm) s ■, zimhd {mm) *• ; 

hnkoku ('M'a) *• 

Caliiiiiniatiou, n. equiv. of Calum- 
niate foil, by koto. 

Calumniator, n. znnshu (M^') '. 

hihos-hn mmm); hmsha mm^)\ 

hukokusho (|qi^%) ; zambosha (H 

Calumny, n. soshiri ; zanso ; zan- 
gen ; hibo ; hiki ; bukoku ; zamld. 

Calyx, n. utena ; (after the petals 
have fallen) heta. 

Cambodia, n. Kambocha. 

Camel, n.rakudu (|Hi:)- 

Sactrian , niho-rakuda. 

Camellia, n. isuhuki. 

flower, tsubaki no kuna. 

oil, tsubaki no abura. 

Camera, n. *; shashinki. 

Camlet, u. f/oro ; goro-fukurin. 

Camomile, n. kamitsxire ; (meil.) ku- 

yoku (-;^-M)- 

Cam IS n.jin-ei (^^) ; jin (P$) ; gun- 
ei (ifC^) ; jinya d^g). 

hill (ut Yokohama), Yalo- 


to out, ixojuku (Wis) -I- 

to pitch a , jin ICO toru ; jin 

uo ham ; setsvei (^^Sf ) s. 

to strike ,jin uo hiku ; tetsu- 

«'■ m'^) -v. 

Campaif^n, n. eki (^) ; sen-eki (ig 
^5:); .swi.s/a(ffl|lili). 
plan of , sakusen-keiktcaku 


to take part in a , jugnn 

(m%) «. 

Campanile, n. kane-tsukido ; shoro 


(^ampanula, n. tsurlgane-so. 

Camphor, n. shdiM (If flS) ; (best 
quality) ryuno (g|3S). 

refined , henno (>i*8S). 

tincture of , henno-chinki. 

Camplior-tree, n. k-usu. 

Camphor-Avood, n. kusu no ki. 

Camping'-grounrt, n. shneichi [^ 


Cami>-stool, n. shdgi (f^i^). 

Camping'-out, n. nojuku ; roei (% 

Can, n. (for tinned meats) kwan (|§). 
Can, t.v. kicandzume ni s. 

Can, i.v. expr. by the potential, by 
intrans. form of the verb, or by the 
pres. indie, foil, by koto gn deki-iii. 
Deki-ru, which is literally " to come 
forth," is used as the iwtential of 
suru, to do. 

Canal, n. hori-tcari ; h&ri-kmca ; 
(anat.) kwan (^) ; (as part ot a name) 
hori ; (drain) mizo ; kokyo (i^:tg) : 
(on a large scale) wika (JSM)- 

Canard, n. kyoho (j^^) ; kicaden 


Canary, n. (bird) kanaria. 

Is. Kanaria-shoto (^S). 

Cancel, t.v. (annul) hai ()g) s ; tori- 
kesu ; haishi ()Blt) s ; (obliterate) 
kedzuru ; massatsu {^^) s ; sakiijo 

{mm) *■• 

the contract has been led, 

ynkitjo ga kaijo ni naiia. 

to a contract, yakujd {^^) 

ICO kaijo (li?.^) s. 

Cancellation, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Cancel foil, by koto ; tori-keshi ; (of 
a contract) kaijo {f¥f^) ; (of a law) 
haishi (^jj-) I (of an article) saArujo 


Cancer, n. gan (^) ; (astron.) Ai/o- 

kaikyu (Um-^)- 

of the breast, nytlgan (?L 


of the stomach, igan (H^). 

tropic of , gesfiisen (3CMI 



[ 120 ] 

Candid, a. (of persons) kokeisii (^ 
\M) »*'^' ■> fampaku (^Q) »« : seiren 
IrnM) '"'"'' > (issarl shita ; akarasama 
w.i ; rokotsu na ; (of statements) 
uchl-aketa ; tsutsumi-kakusld no nai ; 
akarasama na ; rokolftu (^"W) na. 

Candidly, adv. iichl-akete ; tsutsnmi- 
kakushi nah-^i ; akarasama ni ; roko- 

/.S'U 111. 

Candidate, n. kdhosha 
(for exam.) shi'/iransha (^ 


Candidness, n. (of i)ersons) kuke- 
isu ; tan^Kiku ; seiren ; rokotsu ; 
assari shita koto ; (of statements) 
rokotsu ; uchi-aketa koto ; tsntsumi- 
kakiishi no nai koto. 

Candied, a. satddzuke no ; satosei 


Candle, n. rusokn (tgJiS)- 

to offer a (at a shrine), o ro 

tco a<jf>ni. 

Candle-end, n. tsukai-nokori no 

Candle-ligrlit, n. rdsoh~u no akari ; 

.shokkicO (mib)' 
Candle-i>ower, n. [a. n. shoku]. 
ten ,j isshoku ( -f-ft^ ) . 

Candle-stick, n. (small, of metal) 
teshoku ; (tall) shokudai ; 7-osoku- 
tate ; [The JajMinese formerly nsed 
what is called a bomboi'i, a sort of 
hand lantern, as a bedroom ]. 

Candour, n. (frankness) koketsu 
(^i^); tampaku (^^) ; (freedom 
from bias) komei (^Vf]) ; tmishi 
(4Sfi) ; f^ohei (2^^). 

Candy, t.v. satddzuke ni s. 

Ciine, n. (for school use) muchi ; 
(rattan) to (^) ; (walking stick) tsue ; 

C'sine, t.v. (schoolboy) nijmuchi ico 

Cane-bottonied, a. to-hari no. 

C'aiie-cliair, n. to-isu. 

Cane-brake, n. yabu ; takayabu. 

Cane-seat, n. (of rikisha) to-huia. 

Cangne, n. kuhi-kase. 


kiha ; kltnlia 



Canister, n. (for tea) chatsuho ; rha- 
ire ; (cylindrical) chadzuts^i ; (shot) 

Cannibal, a country, shokn- 

jin-kokii (^AS)- 

race, hifokui-jlnshu. 



ball, ho<hi 

the sound of . 

faiho {k^) 


hosei (tife^). 
Cannonade, t.v. hoyeld (5gip) s. 
Cannonade, n. hoyekl (5^^)- 
Cannon-ball, n. taiho no tama ; 

hod'tn (565?) ; hofjan (j^%) : ilnn- 

'Jican (^%). 

Cannot, i.v. dfkinai ; koto <ja ilekl- 
7mi ; also neg. of the potential or 
intrans. form of the verb ; irake nl 
ten ikanTi, or viairimasemi, following 

Canoe, n. utsuho-tjune ; maruki-liuiie. 

Canon, n. (law) nori ; mitiori. 
Buddhist , bukh-yo ( ^ii^ ). 

Canonical, a. (not aix)cryiiha]) si-l- 
kel (iE*5) J<". 

books, (Buddhist) oki/o (l^y, 

kyotcn (i^A) : kifomon (15 it); (.s- 

saikyo (--mm)- ' 
Canonicals, n. shikifvku (jlj/jil); 

(Buddhist) hofuku (riflR*)- 
Canonize, t.v. sMnsei (#^i) to s ; 

(Buddhist) jobutsu (^^) sase-ru. 

Canopy, n. tengai (^^) ; (of the 
Emperor) ryugai (f|||). 

Cant, n. kuchi-guse. 

Cant, t.v. katamukeru ; katagera. 

Cantate, n. shi-kujuhachi-hen (^/l 

Canter, t.v. kakesase-ru. 

Canter, i.v. (of the horse) kakeru ; 
(of the rider) kake ico )u>m. 

Cantharides, n, hammi/o (JtelS). 

Can thus, n. (anat.) mejiri ; wina- 


external , gicaishi (^^). 



OAN [ 121 ] 


Canticle, n.sho (i®). 

Cantilever, n, udegi. 

Canvas, n. (for bags, shoes, etc.) 
dzukku; (sail-cloth) ho-momen. 

Canvass, t.v. to for votes, 

tdhyd (6:^) wo motome-ru. 
Canvasser, n. kwanyidn [WM^) ". 
undosha (Mlil^) 5 honsonin (^^A)- 
Canvassing", n. kwanyfi. 

tour, 2/«zei(-i^). 

Caoutchouc, n. gomu (^^). 

Cap, n. kahuri-mono ; boshi (t|^) ; 
(deer-stalker) ioriuchi-ho ; iori-uchi ; 
(mil. & nav.) gumbo (^IpB); (of a 
gun) kwan ; raikwan (ft^) 5 (police- 
man's, etc.) kicainbo Cglpl) ; (worn 
by Japanese judges) hobo (ji(|) ; 
hokican (^^) ; [Japanese caps 
forming part of the ancient court 
dress were called kammuri and 
Capable, a. generally expr. by the 
passive and intrans. forms of the 
verb ; (of performing duties) ikiiodo- 
ita ; shikaku no aru ; ytd i/^]^) no ; 
shuwan (^855) "^ aru. 

a box of holding this 

much, kore dake hairu yo na 


to he of, nijiki-todoku ; nil 


Capability, n. saino (:^^) ; kiryo 

(^a) ; shuwan (^m)' 
Capacious, a. (lai^e) oki na ; 

(roomy) hiroi. 

Capacity, n. (legal) nm-yuku (^:fj) 
[Civ. Co.] ; (of space) yoryu (^S) '■> 
xjosekl (WSt) ; (qualification, quality 
m which one acts) shikaku (1^^) ; 
■mihim (|^^); (understanding) chie 
i^M) ; s<iiki Um ; idryo (^J-). 
carrying (of a ship), seklryo 

person of full , noryokusha 

(mt)^) [Com. Co.]. 

person without legal , mu- 

noryokusha (M^;:^^). 
< 'ape, n. misald ; saki ; hana ; (cloth- 
ing, man's) kappa ; (woman's) katn- 

Cap-^-pie, zensJdn (-^^ ) ; zent'ii (^ 
1^) ; manshln (^J| ). 

Caparison, tv. (a horse) nifba-i(S^ 
^) wo kake-ru. 

Caper, n. (used in sauces) *. 

Caper, n. odorU-haneru koto ; Jcuruu 


Caper, i.v. (frolic) odoru ; odori-hane- 
ru ; kuruu. 

Capillary attraction, mosai no 

inryoku (3I^). 
Capillary-vessel, n. mosaiktcan 

Capita, per , ichini7i ni tsuki. 

Capital, n. (metropolis) miyako ; 
shufu, (■^^) ; shuto (-^fP) ; (money) 
motode ; motokin ; shikin (^i^) ; .ihi- 
hon (^>tc) ; shihmkin ; (of a column) 

circulating , yndzu-sh ihon 

fixed , kotei-shihon (@Sff 

foreign ....... gwaishi (ifbft)- 

paid-up , haraikonu-shikin; 


subscribed , obo-shikln (IS* 

unpaid , mlk^irai-shikin ; mi- 


Capital, a. (excellent) goku yoi ; saijo 
(^Jb) 'w>; migoto no ; taishita. 

crime, shikei {JEM) ^i shosu- 

beki hanzai (}Q|f ). 

letter, kashira-moji ; kashi^ 


punishment, .ihikei (JtJPJ) 

[Or. Co.] ; shizui (^?g). 

to inflict punishment on, 

icojshizai ni okonau ; wo/shikei ni 
shosmii ; nijshikei wo shikko (% 

n) s. 

Capital, inteij. suteki da; umail 

umai ! 
Capitalist, n. shilionka (ft^^W '> 

kinshu (^±); toshislM (i^ff^S-)- 
Cai>italize, t.v. shihon ni muke-ru. 
Capitalization, n. shihon ni tnu- 

keru koto. 


[ 122 ] 


Capitally, adv. jdto (±.^) ni ; goku 
vmoL-ii ; migoto ni. 

Capitation, n tax, jintdzei 

Capitulate, i.v. Jcosan (P^#) s ; ko' 

fuku (P^M) ^ ; kudaru. 
Capitulation, n. kosan ; kofulcii. 
Caprice, n. waga-mama ; kimagure ; 

muragi ; utsurigi ; kimama. 
a sudden , deki-gokoro. 

Capricious, n. kawari-yasui ; aA/;^ 
poi ; utsurigi na ; muragi na ; kima- 
g^tre na ; kimama na. 
to be , uicatsuku. 

Capriciously, adv. waga-mama ni ; 
kidzid ni ; kimama ni ; akippoku ; 
■utsurigi ni ; kimagure iii ; muragi ni. 

Capriciousness, n. v. Caprice. 

Capricorn, n. (astrou.) makatsvJxyu 

tropic of , tojisen (^^^); 

nan-kwaikisen (MlD]^;|S). 
Capsicum, n. tdgarashi. 
Capstan, n. manriki (}^f}) ; rohwo 

(W.W.) ' fnaki-rokuro. 
Capsule, n. (bot.) tane-huJcuro ; 

(med.) fuJciiro-gusuri, 
Captain, n. (military) rikugun-taii 
. ('^W-:k^) ; (naval) kaigun-tami (f^ 
W-i<^) > (of a man-of-war) kancho 
(fffi:^) ; (of a merchant ship) sencho 

surgeon- , ilto-gim-i (— ^^ 

Caption, n. daimoku (f^@); nadai 

Captious, a. (of a person) rUcutsu- 
batta ; ki-mudzukashii ; rikutsuppoi ; 
(of the thing said) rik-utsugamashii. 
person, rikutsu-ii. 

Captiously, adv. rikidsuhatte ; ki- 
mudzukashikv, ; rik-utsuppoku. 

Captiousness, n rikutsuhani koto ; 
ki-mudzukashii fcoto ; rikutsuppoi 

Captivate, t.v. no/kokoro wo uhati ; 
nojkokoro wo hiku. 
to be .,....d(by a woman at first 
sight), icolmisome-ru. 

Captivating, a. aikyo no am. 

Captive, n. toriko ; horyo (^H) ; 
to be , toriko ni natte oru. 

Captivity, n. toriko ni natte oru 

that bird will not live in , 

ano tori wo tsukamaete oite wa 
.shinde shimau. 

Captor, n. hokwaktisha (l^jffi^). 

Capture, n. hokwaku (|fij$) ; (of a 

town) rynkushu (B^Sl)- 
Capture, t.v. toriko ni s ; ikedont ; 

toraern ; (a ship) hokwaku (^f§) s ; 

hoda (ffi^) 6' ; (a town) nottoru ; 

ryakiLshu s ; (carry off) kasumeru ; 

(game) torn ; hokwaku s ; (make 

prize of) bxuidori ni s. 

Car, n. kuruma ; (of a balloon) fune ; 
(of a god) dashi ; yatai ; (on which 
the sacred emblem is carried at a 
native festival) inikoshi ; (ornament- 
ed with spears) yamdboko. 
dining , shokudosha (:^^ 


electric tram , iefsudo-den- 

sh'i (Icitfgm) ; densha (^$). 
luggage (of a train), kwa- 

passenger (on a railway), 

kyakush/i ($$) ;fune [vnlg.]. 
sleeping , shindaisha (Sfj 

tram , tetsudo-basha (JitiM,fi| 


Carat, n. 18 s, jiihakkin (-pA 

Carbine, n. haju (^^) ; kiju (^^). 
Carbolic-acid, n. sekitansan (5'^ 

Carbon, n. tanso (t^M)- 

bisulphide, ryidcwa-tanso 

Carbonate of lime, iankwa- 
sekkwai {]lk{t'G^). 

Carbonate of soda, tansan- 

Carbonic-acid, n. tansan (^j!$). 

Carbuncle, n. yo (j®). 



[ 123 ] OAR 

Carburetted, a hydrogen, 

tankwa-suiso (^ffc7lc^). 

Carcass, n. sldgai (^^) ; shikabane' 

Card, n. fuda ; (playing) karuta ; 
hana ; mekuri-fuda ; hana-fuda ; 
(visiting) meishi ; tefuda ; nafuda. 

a of silkworm's eggs, 


Card, t.v. kaku ; kushi-kedzuru. 

Card-board, n. atsuyami ; itame- 
gami ; itagami ; awase-gami. 

Card-case, n. nafuda-ire ; melshl- 

Cardiac, a. shmzd (.t»ft8) no. 
orifice, i nojoko (JiP). 

Cardinal, a. kanyo (tff 55) »« ; omo- 
naru ; daiichi (^— ) no. 

number, gensiiji (^li*^) ; 

kisu (;Stt). 

points, shiho (0:§). 

virtues, hongen (:^M) no 

toku (^). 

the 5 virtues (of Confucian 

philosophy), gojo (El^). 

Cardiugr-fraine, n. (cotton spin- 
ning) ryiljoki mmW- 

Cardingr-machine, n. kesahaki- 

Carditis, n, shi7izd-en (>t'>M'^)- 

Card-rack:, n. fuda-sashi ; jd-sashi. 

Care, n. (anxiety) shimpai (it^gH) J 

Hu-o ('.'ff'^?); ke-nen (S,tt) ; (cliai^e 

of a person) ynkkal (Z^-^) ; seica ; 

(heed) yojin ; cht'ii (j.fe^,). 

if one does not take , 

yud'in sum to. 

to be under the of, no/ 

yakkai ni natte oni ; nojsewa ni 

natte oru. 

to for (be kind to, as, the 

I)oor), nijme wo kake-ru. 

to give into the of, nij 


take of yourself (to an 

invalid), o da'iji ni nasai, 

to take (be cautious), ki wo 


to take of, (bo careful of) 

wo/ddiji ni s ; (take charge of) wof 

adzukaru ; wolkicanri (^iS.) «• 

with (on packing-case) 

toriatsukai chid (^JRi±iE)- 

Care, i.v. shimpai (»t»fiE) « ; sMnto (.£» 

0) ni kake-ru. 

I don't , kamaicanai. 

not to about, nilkamnwanu ; 

ni/tonjalcu (i|§^") shinai. 

Careen, t.v. kashige-ru; katamnhe- 

Careen, i.v. kashigu \ katamuku. 

Career, n. (of a j)erson) kelreki (^ig 
^) ; rireki (^M) 5 (running) m'uhi ; 
(whole life) isshogai (— iiffi). 

I shot that hare in full , 

ano usagi wa issho-kemmei (— ^i6* 
^) ni kakete oru tokoro wo vita. 

that man has a brilliant 

before hira, ano hito no zento (\iti 
^) wa iaishita mono da. 

Career, i.v. isoide kakeru ; issho- 
keinmei ni kake-ru. 

Careful, a. (of acts) nen (;tt) no itla ; 
(of persons) yojinrbukai ; (thorough) 
shincho (tKll) na. 

perusal, jukuran (|^^). 

if one is not , ki (M.) >^o 

tsukenakereba ; waruku suru to. 

to be , nen (;f:) wo ire-ru. 

Carefully, adv. nen tco irete ; ki ico 
tsukete ; teinei (T^) "^ > shincho ni ; 
ybjin shite ', tsiira-tsura ; yudaii 

you must preserve it, 

taLietsu, (iz^) ni /tozon ((S-]'jC) -v/it- 

nakereba naranu. 

very , yoku-yoku. 

Carefulness, n. yojin {fH.t>); 
isutsushimi ; Icinshin (igtST) J yojin- 
bukai koto ; chili. 
Careless, a. sosokkashii ; fuchrd (/f: 
i^M) na ; sokotsu (gl,^.) na ; kei- 
sofsu (M^) na ; soso (filtg) na ; 
zonzai na ; yudan (rlllBf) *'"*"• 

to be about the future, 

saki wo omowanu. 
Carelessly, adv. sosolsu ni ; sokotsu 
ni ; fuchi'd ni ; ukkari ; sosokka- 
.<ihiku ; somatsu (Sl5K) »» I zonzai ni ; 
keisotsu ni ; soso ni ; orosoka ni ; 
yudan shite. 


[ 124 ] 


Carelessness, n. fuchui ; soryaku 
ilSl^) ; hiiyojin (*4^jt») ; keisoisu 
ikl^) ; soso (ififfi) ; naozari ; fu- 
ikitodoki ; (about health) fu-^ojo (Tp 

Caress, n. (kiss) seppun (g^). 

Caress, t.v. (kiss) wofseppim s ; (with 
the hand) kaicaigatie nadei-u ; node- 

Caressingly, adv. kawaigaite. 

Caretaker, n. hannin (§A) ; (in 
owner's absence) rxisui ; rusuban ; 
(of a cemetery) hakamori. 

Cargo, n. isumi-ni ; /una-?u ; ni. 

boat, hashike-hune ; daruina- 

hune ; ni-bune. 

coolie, oki-tunsoku ; nakashi 

[W. Japan]. 

g^eneral , zakkwa (Jtft). 

retvirn , kaeri-ni. 

Caribbean Sea, Karibu-kai. 
Caricature, n. (drawing) odoke-e ; 

girpca (JSS) 5 ponchi-e ; [otsu-e and 

<o6rt-c are kinds of s]. 

Caricature, t.v. (in a drawing) 
ponchi ni kaku ; toba-e ni kakii. 

Caries, u.fukosso (Bg-i-Ja). 

Carious-tooth, n. mushi-^a. 

Carminative, n. knffiyaku (SSIg, 
^) ; kazagusuri. 

Carmine, n. beniko ; ydko (Jf-jft). 
Carnage, n. satsuhatsu (Ufit) ; 'o- 

satsu {^^) ; salsurikii (UK)- 
Carnal, a. joyoku (fl^-,^) no ; inyoku 
(^^) no ; (worldly) kono yo no. 

to have knowledge of, woj 

kan-in (J5c>^) s. 

Carnation, n. Oranda-sekichiku (|n 

Carnivora, n. nikushoku-jurui (i^;^ 
^M) ; nikushoku-ddbutsu {^■^$jl^). 

Carnivorous, a. 7uk~»shoku (f^;^) 
no ; nikiijiki no. 

Carotid artery, keiddmyak-u (Jft 

; ozake wo 

Carouse, n. goin (i 
nomu koto. 

Carouse, i.v. ozake wo nomu ; goin s. 

Carp, n. koi; (in opp. to red ) 


red , higoi. 

silver , fana [a. n.hiki (/£)]. 

Carp, i.v. kuchi-yakamashiku in. 

to at, icoltogame-ni ; nij 

kuchi-kogoto ico iu. 

Carpenter, n. daikii (-kT.)- 

's square, sashi-age. 

foreman , toryo (^^). 

ship's jfuna-daiku. 

Carpet, n. jutan (iKj©) ; skilcimono. 

Carpet, t.v. nijjutan, or shikimotio. 
ico shikii. 

Carping, a. kuchiyakamashii. 
Carriage, n. (charge for) unchin (^ 
^) : unsochin (JMiSff ) 5 (ditto, by n 
coolie) ninsoku-rhin (K&M) I (flitto, 
by a man) dachin ; tsukaichin ; 
(ditto, of a letter) hikyakuchin (^Jj^ 
^) ; (ditto, of a letter by post) yuhin- 
z«« (S?®fft) \ (ditto, on horseback) 
dachin ; (deportment) karadat.fuki : 
(freight) /u«oc/u?i ; (manner of walk- 
ing) aruki-buri ; aruki-tsnki ; anikip- 
puri ; (transport) unso ; (vehicle) 
kurmna ; [a. n. cho (H) ; dai (^) : 
ryo (fjfi)]. 

hire, josha-rhin (^i}iK') • 

hasha-dni [Mi^^)- 

four-wheeled , yorin-bashi 

gun , libsha (5fi$) ; hbka (5g 


horse , basha (||$) [a. n. 

ryb ; dai], 

railway (passenger), kyaku- 

shu (^m)- 

shaft of a , naga-e. 

to dismount from a , ifesha 

two- wheeled , nirinA)a.'ih(i 

Carrier, n. (one who forwards goods) 
unsonin [Com. Co.] ; unsb-kata ; unsb- 
ya ; hikyaku-ya [obsolesc.] ; (one who 
carries loads) ni-katsugi ; tsukai-ya. 

Carrier-pigeon, n. densho-bato ; 


Carrion, n.fimiku 
Carrot, n. ninjin ( A#). 

Carry, t.v. hakobu ; vmpan (MM) « '> 
(about one's person) ke'itai (i^^) s; 
(a palanquin) kaku ; (cargo) sekisai 
(^Ut) s ; umpan (M^) -^ ', iosai (^ 
^) s ; (from the hand) sage-ru ; 
hisage-fu ; tadzusae-ru ; (in the 
arms) riafcu ; (in the belt) sasu ; (in 
the hand) motsu ; (on a pole over the 
shoulder) katsitgu ; ninau ; (on the 
back) shou. 

money ..... led forward, kuri- 


to a child on the back, 

kodomo wo oJmii. 

to across, inotte icataiu. 

to all before one, mattaku 

j<>j'i- (JScafc) *■ ■> suhcte simhi-yoku 


to away, moite iku. 

to back, motte kaeru; 


to down, motte ori-ni. 

to forward (a balance), 


to in, motte haini; mochi- 

komu ; hakohi-komu. 

to off, motte iku ; saratte 


to on, (a business) itonamu; 

(continue) keizoku (M^) * 5 

tsudzv.kete yarn. 

to one's self, iachi-furumau. 

to out, motte de-ru ; mochi- 

dasu ; hakohi-dasu ; (a contract) 

ri/co (^f J-) .s; (a law) sh'tko {^jMy) 

.9 ; (fig.) shitogc-ru ; joju sise-ru ', 

(put in execution) okoiutu ; shikko 


to out strictly (a law), j-et- 

/^■o (Wiry) s. 

to through, motte torn; 

(fig.) yari-tosu ; kwantetsv. (Etfiit) *• 

to two together (on a 

pole), rcojsnslii-mochi ni s. 

to \vp, moite age-ru, 

to with it (a meaning), 


Cart, n. kuruma ; (drawn by horses) 
hariki [Miii) \ rd-basha (f"/,f|i|£). 

coolie, shariki (iji;^). 

hand , nigHrintvi ; [various 

[ 1-^5 ]. OAS 

sizes are daihachi-guruma ; dai- 
shichi-gunima ; dairoku-gurunm], 
mail , yubin-hasha (M^l^W-)- 

Cartage, n. kurum/i-cldn ; unrhin 
iMM) ; nignnima-chin. 

Carte-de-visite, n. v. Card ; (size 
of photo.) kogata-{no). 

Carthaiims tinctorius, heni-no- 
hana ; kuren/ii. 

Cartilage, n. nankolsu (^^-S*)- 

Cartogi'apher, n. seUhushi ($^M 


Cartoon, n.filshigica (MMM)- 
Cartridge, n. hayago ; ju/to (•^&) ; 
(empty) kara ; (loaded) tama. 

blank , kilho ('^^). 

belt, ohikaica. 

box, hayugo-hako. 

Cart-wlieel, n. kuruma no wa. 
Cart-wi'ight, n. knruma-shi ; sJia- 

sho ($15). 
Carve, t.v. (cut artistically) horii ; 

Jcizamu ; chokoku (S^^J) s ; (cut up) 

to meat, niku ico kiri-dasu. 

Carver, n. (sculptor) horimonoshi ; 

chokokushi {^}MW- 
Carving, n. horimxmo; chokoku (jQJ 
^1]) ; chbkokuhutsu (WM^M) \ (a^'t of) 
equiv. of Carve foil, by koto. 

art of , chokokujutsu (l^j^ij 

Cascade, n. taki. 
Case, n. (a box outside another) uica- 
bako ; oi ; (box) hako ; (box and its 
contents) hako ; (etui) -ire ; as, 

cigar , hamaJci-ire ; (to pull' 

out) tsidsu. 
Case, n. (a previous example) 
tameshi ; (circumstance) baai ; 
(grammatical) kaku (if%) ; (of iUness) 
kicanja ; (precedent) rei (■plj) ', (that 
which happens) koto; jiken (^ft) i 
ikken (-m- 

a in point, tekirci (i^W). 

a civil , minji-.wsho (l^^Wifi 

fh) ; minji-jike7i. 

a criminal ....... keiji (Jfi]'^). 


[ 126 ] 


in any , do aiiemo; zehiio 


in any since , dose 


in he should do so, moshi 

so sum toki ni ica ; so sum haai 

ni ica. 

in either , dochini shite mo. 

in some s, doka sun, to ; 

am baai de wa. 

in that , sonnara; sore de 

wa ; sono baai ni tea. 

in the of, ni atte wa. 

make ready in he should 

come, kuru ka mo shirenu kara 

.sliitak-u wo shite oke. 

ne-w s (of disease), shin- 

kwanja (^.f.^). 

to put the , kari ni tatoete 

miru to. 

such being the , sasuga ni. 

Case-hardened, a. (fig.) haji wo 

shiranai ; tetsumemjn (Hcffifi) no. 
Casein, n. rakuso (R^). 
Casemate, n. (fortification) inhodai 

(P^fife^) ■» kakure-daiba. 
Casement, n. mndo no to ; tdbira. 

Cash, n. (copper coin) dokica (^K) • 
(copper, etc., coin) zeni ; o ashi • 
chamoJcu (^@); (pocket-money) 
kodzukai-zeni ; kodzukai ; (ready 
money) genkin (ig,^) ; shokin (jE 
^) ; sokkin (IP^) ; (small copper 
coin) komakai o ashi ; harasen. 

Cash, Lv. kane ni hiki-kaeni ; sliokin 
ni kae-ru. 
to a cheque, tegaia wo sho- 
kin ni kae-ru. 

Cash-account, n. (in a bank) toza- 

Cash-book, n. kingin-deiricho ; 


Cash-box, n. kane-hako. 

Cashier, n. suitbkata ; genkin- 

Cashier, t.v. shikujirase-ru ; menji- 
ru ; menshoku ($5.1^) s. 

to be ed, shikujiru; wa']yaku 

(©) J70 agaru ; mensholcu ni nam. 

Casingr, n. (act of) oi wo kakeru 
koto; {coyer) futa. 

Cask, n. tarn. 

Casket, n. tama-iebako. 

Caspian Sea, Bikai (^}$). 

Casque, n. kabuto. 

Cassation, n. Court of , dai- 

shin-in (Al^^)- 

Cassia, n bark, fceiW (^ft) ; 

nikkei (^^). 

Cassimere, n. kedonsu. 

Cast, n. (shape) kata ; (thrown oflE 
skin) mike-gara. 

one (of a net), hito-ami. 

the last , ichika-bachika ; 


to have a (in the eye), 

sugame de am. 

Cast, t.v. (a shoe) oto-m ; (metal) iru ; ; (shed) nugu ; (sow) maku ; 
(throw) nage-ru ; hoiM. 

the die is , koto sude ni sada- 

mani ; mo ottsukanai. 

to be away (on a coast), 

nagare-tsuh-u ; hyochaku (B^^-) s. 

to be down, wa]ki ga fusagu ; 

rakid'oi (J^Jg) s. 

to about, kuffi (XjS.) s. 

to anchor, ikari wo orosu ; 

t'ohyo (|5li5) •'• 

to aside, haiki 

to away, utcharu. 

to dice, sai wo nage-ru. 

to down, nage-otosu; nage- 

oros^i ; 

to forth (expel), oi-dasu ; 


to in, hori-komu. 

to in the teeth, togameru. 

to lots, kujl ICO hiku. 

to off (of a ship), tomodzuiui 

wo toJcu. 

to one^s self upon, nil 


to off restraint, kihan (|g 

^) wo dassuru. 

to out, hori-dasu. 

to up (add), shime-m ; fc«i- 

san (Ift^) « ; fc«»JO iU^) s. 

to young:, ryiizan {M^.) s. 

Castanet, n. yoisu-dake. 


[ 1-27 ] OAT 

Cast-away, n. (a reprobate) sutari- 
mono ; <jorot.tuki ; burai (M^) na 
yatsu ; naradzu-mono ; (ship-wrecked 
person) hybryiisha {^^^). 

Caste, n. zokuseJd CiV^); shuzoJcu 
{MM) ; (theatrical) yakuwari. 

to lose with, nifutomare-ru ; 

ni/hinseki (l^/r) sare-ru. 

Castellan, n.jodai {^fi.). 

Caster, n. (cruets) yakumi-ire ; 
(small wheel) ashiica ; asld-rjuruma. 

Castigate, t.v. wtet ; muchl-utsu ; 
sekkan (^ffi) s ; shioki s. 
to be d, sekkan sare-ni. 

Castigation, n. sekkan (^^) ; (act 
of) eqniv. of Castigate foil, by 

Casting-, n._ (process) chiizo (M'ui) '> 
(thing cast) i-mono. 

Casting-vote, n of a chair- 
man, gicho (iH^) no saiketsuken 

Cast-iron, n. chrdetsit (^^). 

Castle, n.shiro [a. n. kasha (i^^)]. 

s in the air, ki'iehu (^i\i) no 

rbkaku (^^) ; shinkiro i^mM)- 
remains, shiro-ato; joshi 


town, joka (iisST). 

Castle, n. (in chess) koma. 

Castor-oil, n. hlmashi no ahura. 
plant, to-goma. 

Castrate, t.v. nolk'mtama wo nuku ; 
icolkassei (fJ]^) s ; nijkyosei (^^) 
ICO okonau. 
to be d, kassei sare-ru. 

Castration, n. kassei (pY^j-) ; kyo- 
.se'i (i;-^) ; (act of) equiv. of Cas- 
trate foil, by koto. 

Cast-steel, n. cMkb {%%^). 
Casual, a. (fortTiitous)/u-t (7^M.) 'W ; 
omohjakcnai ; giizcn {\%f^) no ', futo 
{"^M) shita ; kyotto shita. 

a person, kiraku (M.^) »« 

hiio ; nonki (#M) "^'f '"''o. 

a visitor, tama nl Icuru 


in a manner, sore to naku; 

Ori nifurete. 

Casually, adv. kyotto; futo (^|E) ; 
hakaradzu ; (by the -way) tsuide ni. 

Casualty, n. (to shipping, etc.) 
sonan (i^li) ; (wound) kega ; fuShb 
(M^) ; (wounded person) keganin ; 
fushdshi (Mfg#). 

ies (mil. and tih\.), shishbshu 

m^W ; songai (ffi#). 

returns, shishohyo (5EfliS)- 

Casuist, n. ketsuqi-ronsha (jJ^MIini 

Casuistry, n. ketsugiron. 

Cat, n. neko. 

even if it rains s and dogs, 

shajlku ($$fl) ICO nagashite mo. 
to be like and dog, ai-tekl- 

shi mmm s. 

tabby , tora-neko. 

tortoise-shell , mike-neko. 

wild , yama-neko. 

Catalepsy, n. shiddbyo (iLfJi/Fi)- 

Catalogue, n. mokuroku ( felfe) ; 
(auctioneer's) shinagaki ; (of books) 
shomoku (^ @ ). 

Catalogue, t.v. no/mokuroka v.o 
tsukuru ; no/shomoku wo koshirae-ru. 

Catalpa kaempferi, kisasage ; 

Catamenia, n. tsuki no mono ; 
meguri; gekkei(JlM.)', keisui (^yjc). 

to have , karada ga yogore- 

ru ; tsuki no mono wo mi-ru. 

Catamite, n. kagema ; o kama. 

Cataplasm, n. pappu (g^). 

Catapult, n. ishinage ; pachinko 
[used by children] ; (ancient weapon) 
ishiyumi ; dokyfi (^^). 

Cataract, n. (cascade) taki ; (sur- 
gical) sokohi ; naishogan (\^f^\%). 

Catarrli, n. *;fuja (S<ffi) > I'^aniho (^ 
^ ) ; (of a horse) naira. 

Catastrophe, n. iken (3^#) : sal- 
non (iJiW) ; saigai (iJi.W- 


[ 1-^8 ] 


Catch, t.v. (ft disease) nilkakaru.; nij 
toUsukare-iii ; (arrest) tsukamaeni ; 
twaeru ; (as a ball) nke-ru ; (com- 
mnniciite to) m/fsukii ; (a con- 
tagious disease) nilkansen {^,?^) s ; 
nijutsuru [E. subj.-f- J. obj.] ; 
(receive) %ike-ru ; (take) torn ; (what a 
person says) tco/kiki-toru. 

to a fever, netsu ni okasare- 


to a scolding, keiUsuku wo 


to cold, kaze ico hikii. 

to hold of, tmkamu ; tot- 


to fire, ni]hi ga tsuku', ni\ 


to rain-water, amamidTu 

tfo lame-ru. 

to up (overtake), niJoUsuku. 

to be caught in (a trap, etc.), «»/ 


to get caught on, nijhikkakaru. 

Catch, i.v (aft on a nail) hikkakaru ; 
(s])iP!ul by infection) utsuru ; densen 

I didn't on (was disinclin- 

eil), At ij<i iioranai datta. 

Catch, n. (of a door) kakegane; (a 

find) hnridashi-mono ; e^mono ; (of 
fisli) ryii (1B{) ; (on fusumn) hiki4e ; 
(ring-shai)ed) kican (^). 

a good , a ryo. 

to make a good (in bad 

sense), rrii]yiji tori ga kakani. 

Catch-word, n. tori-kotdba. 
Cat«"chisiii, n, kokicai-mondo (S-'fT 

Catecliist, n. * ; dendoshi (|S:-M:gip). 

Catechize, t.v. (instruct) mondo s ; 

(interrogate) kitsumon (i^fa\) s. 
Catechu, n. asenyaJcu (P^0.^). 
Catechumen, n. *; senrei-shigican- 

fftu (i*8SSm5#) ; mo)idosei (|^^±). 
Categ-orical, a. kaktijUnu (J^^^) 

na; meihaku (liq^) na ; hitmizeu {ijl^^ 

^) na ; mujdken (^fi^i^) no. 

answer, k>'itd (^^) ; 

Categrorically, a. kalcvjUsu ni ; 

melhnkn ni ; hiisuzen. 

Categrory, n. (class) shurui (?i^) : 
(list) bu. 

Cater, i.v. makan'm. 

Caterer, n. makanai-kata. 

Catering:, n. makanai. 

Caterpillar, n. (black) kemusM ; 
(green) aomusJd ; imomnshi ; [other 
kinds are shakutori-mushi ; Jiamtishi]. 

Caterwauling, n. mko no naAi- 

Cat-fish, n. nammlm. 

Catgut, n. iengusu. 

Catliartic, n. gezai ("pffi) J kudasld- 

giisitn ; kudashi. 

Cathead, n. ikmidome. 

Cathedral, n. kyodo (ifk^) ; *"- 

kirauld (k^^). 
Catheter, n. innyoktcan (^ISt*^) ; 

donyokiccin (^^^). 

Catholic, a. (in composition) ko- 
(S-) ; (liberal) (/orj/o (;|;g) no hiroi; 
tairyo (kit) "''• 

faith, kokyo {^$k)- 

religion, kodo (S-iM). 

holy church, seikokwai (^ 


Roman church, liomakyo ; 

Katorikkukyb; Tenshukyo (5^±.f{c): 

(building) tenshudo (?ci^)- 
Catholic, n. (Roman) Tcnsf,ul-yo-lo 
{"k^mm; Rdmakyo-to (MMf^iiO 
Kniorikkukyo no shinja. 

Catholicism, n. Roman , Ten- 

.shukyo (5?±t{c). 
CatllOlicity, n. doryd >w hlroi koto. 
Catkin, n. neko ; enokoro (^®). 

Cat's-cradle, n. tasuki-dori; nyn- 

Cat's-eye, n. tombo<lama. 

Cat's-paw, n. (dupe) citdchin-mochi ; 

(naut.) soyokaze ; bifil (fitiSL) l 'wm- 

Pii (^JS.)- 
Cattle, n. kachikt^-i^^) ; (bovine 

species) gyu (^) [a.n. liiki (/£)]', 

(including horses) gyiiba (-}^^). 

breeding, bokwjyii (^'Y-). 

Cattle-plague, n. gyileki {^f=-^). 

OAT [ l:^y J 


Catty, n. kin (fr). 

Cauldron, n. ka7na ; (for boiling 
' water for tea) chagama. 

Cauliflower, n. hana-wi ; hnnu- 

Caulk, t.v. nilmaki-hada ico nme-i-u. 

Cause, n. (ground) slilsai (ff ^0) ; 
jiyu (^jj^) ; wake ; riyu (3i^) ; jiko 
(it^) ; (reason why) dbri (j^Sl) ; 
wake ; (suit) jifcen (^#) ; (that which 
produces an eflEect) konrjen (IRtc) ; 
kompon (^7^) ; (jen-in (^,^) ; moto 
no okori. 

and eflfect, (Buddhist reli- 
gion) ingica (H^); (P^iil-) geniji- 
kekkwa {j^m^^)- 

celebre, yUmei (^^) no 

jiken (^ff ). 

final , kekkyoku {^W- 

first , hottan (f^^') ; gen-in 


for this , kono yue ni, 

for what , nani yue ni. 

proximate , kin-in (i£H). 

remote , en-in (^@). 

to make common , kyodo- 

t<r'//t (Jt|i^_^gr) s; kyoshin-doryoku 

without apparent , nan to 


without : , y\xe naku. 

Cause, t.v. /lo'moto ni nam ; hiki- 
okONU ; filtoji-ru ; usually expr. by 
the causative form of the verb ; as, 

to to eat, tahesase-ru [from 


to to rain, furase-ru [from 


to to weep, nakase-fu [from 


to to write, kakase-ru [from 

When the action is expr. by a noun, 
sase-ru, or kakeru is used ; as, 

to hardship, nanju (^2fe) 


to trouble, tekadzu wo 


Causeless, a. yxie naki ; yoridokoro 
nonai; iware no nai; irake no not ; 
rlyii (iiftj) no n«i, ■ 

Causelessly, adv. yue naku ; iimre 
naku ; icake naku ; riyu naku. 

Causelessuess, n. equiv. of Cause- 
less foil, by koto. 

Causeway, n. dote-michi. 

Caustic, n. (moxa) kyu (f^). 

lunar , shosangin (^MM)', 


Caustic, a. hiniku na; (chem.) kaaei- 

mm ; as, 

soda, kasei-soda. 

Caustically, adv. hiniku ni. 

Cauterize, t.v. ni/shaJcuJio (if^ik) loo 
hodokosu ; (apply moxa) nifkyu (^) 
wo sue-ru. 

Cautery, n. (application) slmkuho 
(Jt^}£) ; (iron) yaki-gnte ; (with moxa) 

Caution, n. (provident care) yojin 
(ffliW; keikai (^^); (warning) 
imashime ; keikai. 

Caution, t.v. imashimeru ; isame-ni ; 
nilkeikai s. 

Caution-money, n. hoshokin (fig-,i^ 
^) ; (of a servant) mimoto-kin. 

Cautious, a. yojin-hukai ; yojin no 

yoi ; (over-prudent) sJioshin (^l^it*) 

na. V. 

to be over , yojin shi-sugi-ru. 

Cautiously, adv. yojin shUe ; keikai 
.shite ; hi wo tsukete. 

over , sho-shin-yokuyok-u; yo- 


Cautiousness, n. equiv* of Caut!<» 
ous foil, by koto ; (excess of prud- 
ence) shoshin. 

Cavalcade, n. gyoretsu (ff^ij). 

Cavalry, n. kihei. 

regiment, kViei-rentai (^i^ 


, soldier, kikei (^^). 

light , keikihei (I^S^^). 

prepare for ! Jdhei ni yoi 

(mm. /« ' 

Cave, n. hora-a)ia ; iicnyn ; gankutiu 

.. dwellers (of ancient Japan), 


[ 130 ] 


Cave, i.v. to in, merikomw, 


Cavern, n. v. Cave. 
Cavil, i.v. fu-rikutsu (/fC3EiJ|l) ico iu ; 
Tie^rilcutsu wo iu. 

C3L\il,n.fu-riknisu; he-rikutsu. 
Caviller, n. rikutsuka {^MW- 
Cavity, n. (hollow) kvbomi. 

of the eye, gankica (liR^). 

Caw, i.v.karakara to naku ; niku. 
Cawing, n. karasu no nakigoe. 
Caj^enne-pepper, n. io'jarashi. 

Cease, i.v. (lapse) shdmetsu (jft'isS) s ; 
(come to an end) ovcaru ; (stop) 
yamu ; todomaru. 

Cease, t.v. yameru ; yosu ; teishi 

(^it) s ; todome-ru. 
Ceaseless, a. taema no nai ; yama- 

nai ; kandan (^01) no nai. 

Ceaselessly, adv. taema naku; 

shikiri ni ; kiri-nasJd ni ; kandan 

Ceaselessness, n. equiv. of Cease- 
less foil, by koto. 

Cecropis alpestris, anagura-tsu- 
hame ; tokkuri-tsuhame. 

Cedar, n. (of Japan) .iiuji. 
Cede, t.v. yudzuru ; joyo (IS|tt) s ; 
(territory) katsiijo ('j?\s$i) s. 

Ceiling, n. tenjo (^#) ; (supported 
from above inste»id of below) tsuri- 

coffered , gotenjo ('o'^#). 

Celadon, n. (porcelain) .teiji (^^,). 
pale , tsukiyo-seiji. 

Celandine, n. kusa no d. 


Celebrate, t.v. (honour by cere- 
monies of joy) iucau ; shuku (j^) s ; 
mnis^mt [generally nsed in connec- 
tion with religions ceremonies] ; 
(solemnize) okonau ; kyoko (^ff ) s. 

to a marriage, kekkon- 

shiki ($nM^) ^co age-ru. 
Celebrated, n.nadakai; yumei (^ 
^) na; komei (i^^) na; chomei 
(^^) "« ; ichijiru.shii. 
place, meisho (^fjj). 

product, meibidsu : 

Celebration, n. (of a festival) 
matsiin ; iicai ; (act of) equiv. of 
Celebrate foil, by koto ; shukuga 
(^K) ; (commemorative fete) shuku- 
ten (la*). 

of a marriage, kekkon- 

shild; k07igi{m^)- 
Celebrity, n. (fame) komei (M^) ; 
chomei (^V^); meiyo (^#); (person 
of distinction) gokeisu (•^^) ; chomei 
na hito ; yumel via hito ; komei na 
hito ; seiho (^^) no aru hito ; raimel 
{W fi] n'^i Ji'do ; kikoetahito. 
Celerity, n. jjnsofcu (iE^). 
Celery, n. * ; oraiida-miisuLa. 
Celestial, a. ten (55) ?io. 

bodies, tentai (^Hi). 

Empire, Chvkwa ( tfi ^). 

equator, tenkyu-sekido (^3^ 


globe, kontengi (}^^^). 

Celibacy, n. dokusJnn (^^ ) ; hifori- 
giirashi ; hitori-mi. 

Celibate, n. Mtori-mono ; dokushin- 
mono ; hitori-mi. 

Cell, n. (biol.) saiho iMlh) ; (of a 
lunatic) ori ; (prison) kambo (^^). 

of honey, hnchi no ana. 

dark , (Hjf^). 

police s, ryuchijo (gfgWf)- 

solitary , misshitsu (^^). 

Cellar, n. anagura ; mono-oki. 
Celtis sinensis, e no ki. 

Cement, n. *. 

to coat with , semento de 

tgvgi-aicase-ru, or setsugo (J^&)». 
Cement, t.v. (broken china, by 
baking) yaki-tsugi s ; (fig.) aira.fu ; 
musubu ; ketsugb (^-^) s. 

Cemetery, n. hakasho ; hakaba ; 
6ocM (^J|); 7/4aiwc/ii (jgipjft) ; kyo- 
do^ochi (it[i^^i|) ; [the is a 

public , cUstinct from cemeteries 

attached to temples]. 

Cenotaph, n. (ace. to Buddhist rites) 
ihai ; (ace. to Shinto rites) tamasMro ; 
(of stone) kinenhi (|E;f;jif ) ; sekihi 
(S^S^) ; isMdzuka, 


[ 131 ] 


Censer, n. kdro (W'JSi)- 
Censor, n. ken-etsu-kican 
(Chinese) fjyoshi (iJlJ^). 

of the press, h-enkbkwnn 

Ci'usorsliip, n. ken-et.m. 

of the press, kenkd (j^fiS)- 

Censorate, xx. keikokyoku (^iXFj)- 
Censorious, a. (of a person) kogoto- 

dzuki na ; kuchi-yakamashii. 
Censure, n. togame ; hihyo (ittfp) ; 
hinan (^HI(P) ; kenseki (g|-^). 

vote of (pari), fushinnin- 

kets-ugi (TfCfatt^il). 
Censure, t.v. torjame-ru ; hikyo (#[; 

fP) s ; hinan s ; kenseki s. 
Census, n.jinlcdhyo (AP^^) ; (statis- 
tical) kokusei-chosa (P^a^^c)- 

officer (at mayor's office), 

koneki-ri (plS^i)- 

to take the , nimhetsu ( ASO) 

wo aratnme-ru ; koko ( ^ P ) tco 

chofsa (ilS) s. 
C^ent, n. (coin) sen (|^). 

one , issen. 

one-tenth of a , icldrin. 

ten s, ikkican [rildsha-man's 


Cent, per , hyak-uhun (^•^) nO. 

five per , gdbu. 

ten per , ichiwari. 

twenty per , niirari. 

two per , nihil. 

two and half per , nibu- 

Centenarian, n. hyakusai (JS^) 
no h'ltu. 

Centenary, n. hyakunen-kinensai 

Centennial, a. (hnpijeuing every 
hundred years) Jiyaluncn nl ichido 
{—m no. 
Centering:, n. kyoka (Wi^)- 
Centijfrade, n thermome- 
ter, hyakudo rio kandankd (5^1]^ 
iff); sesshi-kandankei [^S:_). 

Centipede, n. mvkade. 
spider , giji-geji. 

Central, a. mannaka no ; chuo (i|>i)i) 
MO ; rhfisfdn (fjiili>) no. 

bureau, chHu-kyoku(tpj)i:)iri). 

the government, chud-stifu 

Centralization, n. chilo-shnken (4> 

Centralize, t.v. ehusldn (ffijt^) ni 
atsinne-ru ; hitotsn-iokoro ni torimatO' 
me-ru ; dim ni atsume-ru ; (of govern- 
ment) chuo-sMdcen ni s. 

Centre, n. mannaka ; masldn ; chu' 
shin (4''C>); child (cfife) ; (of "■n 
army) chugun (4»^) ; (of gravity) 
jfiryoku-chiishin (^^ fp it») ; jnshin 

trade , shbgyo no yochi ( 55^1 ) 5 

shogyo no chushin. 

Centrifugal, a force, rishin- 

ryoku (S[Si6:ft) ; richuryoku (lH 
^fi); enshinryoku (•^•Z^'/)) ; hi- 
sanryoku (Mnk'ti)- 
pump, rishindb-pompu. 

Centripetal, a force, chushih- 

ryoku {t\i,t^>^)^, kyilshinryolcu (jj< 

Century, n. hyakunen (W^) ; isseiki 

the ninetenth , juku-seiki. 

the present , gen-seiki (f(l 

Ceplialotaxus drupacea, inu- 
gaya ; hebo-gaya ; (id. var.) cfiosen- 
gaya ; togaya. 
Cereal, n. kokund (^^) ; kokumotsu 

the 5 s, gokoku (£!§)• 

Cereal, a. kakurui no ; . kokumotsu 

no ; gokoku no. 

Cerebellum, n. sImho ('J^BS). 

Cerebral, a. tainb (ABiS) no; (in 
Chinese comiionnds) no- ; as, 

hemorrhage, ubdkketsu (BS 

Cerebrum, n. htinb (ABffi). 

Ceremonial, a. reishiki (JtHtJ^) no ; 
reigi (ijtS.\M) no ; shiki {j\^) no ; reiho 
(iifflirt-) no ; gishiki (MsK) ""• 

Ceremonial, n. gishiki {^i'^). 

Ceremonious, a. (partiailar about 
forms) katakunishii ; gishiki-hatta ; 
gishiki ni nadzunda. 


[ r62 ] 


C!erciiiony, n. (form) shiki (^) ; 
fjlsh'ikl (Hj^) ; reishiki (jj^j^) ; reiho 
\WLiii)j (propriety) em-2/o(^g:). 
board of ies, shikihii-sholca 

closing (pari.), heljoshiki (Pfl 

don't stand on , dozo f/o en- 

ryo lutku ; go yosha (#j|§[) naicu, 
master of ies, shikibukican 

opening (of a railway), kai- 

tsH-shiki mm^). 

please speak without , 

eni'yo jiaku o hanasid nnsai. 

to use , nijkamau. 

■without , ikwari td ; hui'uryo 

(liSIS^) ni ; hureiko {MjHHM) "i- 
without the slight , enryo- 

Certain, a. (sure) tasJdka nn ; kaku- 
jitsu (S^K) '"> ! hakklri shita ; utagai 
no nai ; hanzen (^J*S) to shita. 

a , aru ; in Chinese com- 
pounds ho- (^) ; (the one you and 
I wot of) rei no ; ano. 

a country, hokuku (^@3). 

don't know for , shika to ica 

shiranai ; yoku tea shiranai. 

I know for , tashika ni shitle 


is it quite P soi (tSisI) tea 

goz'iimasenu ka ; tashika de.tu ka. 

on a ^s-Yi w" '" '^o koto de. 

there was a man, nanigashi 

to iu hito ga otta. 

4/'ertainly, adv. (by all means) i/ca 
ni mo ; (of coiirse) mochiron ; (with- 
out fail) kitto ; kanaradzu ; tashika 
ni ; kakujUsu ?ii ; (without doubt) 
Yes, ! yo gozaimasu to mo ! 

Certainty, n. kimatta koto ; hilsujo 
(i^»^) na koto ; kakujits^i (fitIK). 

Certificate, n.shdmeisho (M.^^)', 
shdsho(^^); shomon (^'SC). 

of competency, (navig.) 

kaigi-7ne)ijo (v^|jc5&!Uc) ; (general) 
qiryo-shbmeisho (ftSJ aS IW IS ) • 

medicikl , yodai-gaki; shin- 

dansho (^^-^) ; shlnsats^isho (|^ 


Certification, n.sJmnei; eqniv. of 
Certify foil, by koto. 

Certified, n copy, selhon 


Certify, t.v. (as u witness) sJtogen 
(iSa ) s ; (authenticate) kalcimin 
(SSiS) -5 ; (authenticate, a document 
or fact) shomei s ; ninsho (gSjg) s 
[Cr. Pro.] ; (endorse) ni/okugaki ico 
s ; nijokuin (UPP) '^^ ^'> (testify) 
■uke-au ; hosho (^^) s. 

Cerumen, n. mimi-aka. 
Cessation, n. teishi ((^Jt) ; chushi 

Ci'ssion, n. jo^o (Mf^) ; y^tdzuri- 

loutashi ; katsvjo ('p]Wi). 
Cess-l>ool, n. osin-dame ; gesui-dame. 
Ceylon, n. Seiran (^M)- 
Cliafe, t.v. (excite heat) suri-atatame- 

ru ; (irritate) shakuru ; geki (jj^) sase- 

ru ; okorase-ru ; (rub) sui'u ; kos^iru ; 

niasatsu (@^) .s'. 
Chafe, i.v. (be irritated mentally) 

geki s ; (of the skin) suri-muke-ru ; 

(wear by rubbing) sure-ru ; suri-hem. 
to against, nilsure-au. 

Chaff", n. kara ; 7iuka ; (joking) kara- 
kai ; hiyakashi ; (of rice) momigara. 

Chaff, t.v. nijk'irakau ; ico/hiyakasu ; 
11-arau ; hnka ni s ; guro (,§,f^) s ; 
(a woman) mihuru ; naburi-^mono ni s, 

Cliaff, i.y.jufhm (%^) wo iu. 

CliafiujJ-rtisli, n. hibachi. 

Chaffriilj n- hnmmon (tHEil) ; kokoro- 

Chain, n. kvsari. 

armour, kusari-katabira. 

of mountains, re)iznn {-^[li). 

shot, rensadan (^^JH) ; 

sarendan (Mti&W)- 

mountain , sammyaku (UiIJk). 

Chain, t.v. kusari de tstmagu; nij 
ktisari ico tsuke-ni. 

Cliain-piinip, n. kusarl-pompu. 

Cliair, n. koshikake ; isu ; [a.n. kya- 
ku] ; [koshikake is applied by Japan- 
ese to any piece of furniture used as 
a seat ; isu (ij^jT-) is the armchair 


[ 133 ] OHA 

iisetl by a priest at religious cere- 
monies] ; (for a rail) makura ; (pro- 
fessorial) Icoza (t^Wk)- 

sedan , kago. 

the (chairman), kwaicho (■^ 

^) ; qichb. 

to take the , gicho-seki (^^ 

f^) ni tsvku ; kwaicho-seki ni 


Chair-bearer, n. kago - kaH ; 

Cliairiuan, n. (of a comimny) 

shacho (fltfc;^) ; (of a meeting) kwaicho 

(%^) ; gicho (g|g.) ; kwaislm (#.i). 

of committee, iim-hb (5§ 

Chairmanship, n. equiv. of Chair- 
man foil, by no shoku (©)• 

Chalk, n. (for blackboards) /i«fcj</*oA^'tt 
(6^) • (for painting and the toilet) 

Chalk, t.v. hakuhoku de .^hirusii. 

Challeng'e, t.v. (a judge for partia- 
lity, etc.) kihi (,^M) s [Civ. Pro., Cr. 
Pro.]; (a statement) hakugeki (^9^) s ; 
(demand) yokyi'i (5|^) s ; (to a tight) 
nijkenkwa (11^1^) wo fukkakcru ; (to 
combat, by letter) ni/hatashijo wo 
tsuke-ru ; ni/kettojo (^I^tUc) m"0 tsuke^ 
ru ; ni/hatashi-ai wo moshi-komu [also 
lased of a verbal challenge]. 

Challenge, n. (of a judge) kifd (,gj 
i(^) ; (spoken) ketto no moshi-komi ; 
(written) kettb-jo ; hatashi-jo. 

Chalybeate, a. tetsu wo fukwmi ; 
tctsti no aru. 

waters, gantetsii-sui {•g' 

Chamaecyparis, n. (c. obtusa) ki- 

nokl ; (var. Jcamakura) hiba ; ogon- I 

/( iha ; rasha-hiba ; kenjaku-ldlta ; (c. 1 

pisifera) sawara. { 

Clianieleon, n. shichbnen-tokage. \ 

ClianiciTops excelsa, shvro (fc^ i 

m)- I 

tyhainber, u. (of a gun) yakmshiisn 
(^S) ; (of tlie Diet) gijishitsu (^ 
^^) ■> 'jij'J iWi^) > (room) ma ; 
('^); heya. 
air , ki.ihit.m (^^). 

bed , nema ; sh InsJdtsti (^^). 

of commerce, shogyo-kwai- 

'jisho imm^mm). 

combustion , nensho-shitsu 


steam , kishitsu (t|[^). 

Chamberlain, n. jija {^'^) ; (of a 
noble) karei {^■%-). 
grand , jijucho (f#^^). 

Chamber-pot, n. shibin (^fK) ; 

henki mm- 

Chamois-leather, n. shika-gawa. 
Cliamomile, n. kami-tmre. 
Champ, t.v. kamu. 
Champagne, n. skampan-(film) (h 

Champion, n. seiishu (ig^). 

wrestler, ozeki (A"i3) : hi no 

shita kaizan (^ll|). 

the world's bicyclist, 

sekai-ichi no jitensha-nori 

Cliampionship, n flagr» 

yfcshdki mmm)- 

Chance, n. (fortuity) saiwai (^); 
gyoko (•^^) ; (Ukehhood of an 
occurrence) kidziikai ; (opportunity) 
kikwai (j^#). 

a mere (of good luck), kobore- 

zaiwai ; hon no saiwai. 

by , fui to ; gilzen (fS*S) ni ; 

omoigake naku ; fui (^^,) ni ; fui 

to shite ; (lucidly) saiwai ni. 

by one in a thousand, 

man-icld; manni hitotsii. 

by some , do iu hadzumi ka. 

if by any he should come, 

moshi ya ano hito ga kitara. 

I'll try my , ichika hmhika 

yatie miyb. 

I will give him another , 

ano hito ni kondo tea yurushite 


to happen by , fuji ui an ; 

ijuzen ni arxi. 
Chance, i.v. to to be present, 

Chancel, n. *. 
Chancre, n. kxtnsb (^0) ; gekan 


Chtiiidler, n. rosoJcusho (t^iSfS) 5 

Cliailjfe, t.v. (alter) kaerii ; ?te)ikd 
(@§l) *I i*^^ object which is in a 
liox) ire-kae-ru ; (exchange) tori-kae- 
ru ; kokwan {^^) s ; (for the better) 
tcojaratame-i'u ; (into small coin) ku- 
dzusu : komakai no ni s ; komnkakH 
s ; koicasu ; (paper money for specie) 
daJacan (ft^) s. 

to clothes, kimono ico 


to horses, boats, vehicles, 

etc., n-ri-kae-iii. 

to house, tentaku (^^) s; 

ie KG kaeni. 

to money, kane vro hiki-kae- 

1-u ; rijbgae s. 

to one's habits, (for the 

better) kaishin (EjC.t») « ; (for the 

worse) henshin (@.t») •'•■• 

to one's mind, hentjae s. 

to one's party (in politics), 

fihuyi (ij^) ICO kaeru. 

to one's socks, iahi tco ha- 


CliiVi»S"<*» i-V- kawaru ; henji-m ; hen- 
Jcw'i (@ft) s ; (for the better) yoku 
nam ; aratamai-u ; (for the worse, of 
habits, etc.) henshin (®iC^) s ; (gra- 
dually) utsuru ; (of a metamorphosis) 
hake-i-u ; henji-ru ; (of colour) Ae/i- 
sholcu (@-£) s ; (of habits, for the 
better) kaishin (?jC<t>) s ; zew »u «<y«- 
ru ; zcmpi (ft5^t) »fo aratame-i'v.. 
to to black, h~uro ni hakeni. 

l/Iiaiijje, u. (act of) eqoiv. of 
Change foil, by koto ; (exchange) 
hiki-kae ; kokioan ; (intentional 
alteration) henlco (^JS) ; (natural 
alteration) kaicari ; henkica (^ft) ; 
(of a sum of money) hiki-kae ; (of 
habits, for the better) kaishin ; (of 
habits, for the worse) henshin ; (of 
ministry) kotetsxi (^^) ; (of seasons) 
kaicari ; (of train) norikae ; (out of a 
sum of money) tsuri ; (small cuius) 

of clothes, ki'jae. 

of occupation, shobai-gne. 

of place, tokoro-gae. 

s (vicissitudes), utsuri-katca- 

ri ; heitsen (@J^) ; kawatta koto. 

[ 134 ] CHA 

I have no small , kotnakai 

7)0 ga nai. 

there is no , kaicari ga mii. 

to take a ...... of air for one's 

health, tenchi-ryoyo (^^i^H) s. 
to undergo a (of condi- 
tions), ippen (— @) s. 

violent , gekihen (jUj^). 

\vithout a (of train), nori- 

kaenai de ; chokko (iltfr) t?«- 

Cbangeable, a. (fickle) ntsuri- 
yasui ; akippoi ; kawari-yasui ; henji- 
yasid ; utsurigi na ; miiraki na ; (in 
love) uicaki na. 

Cliaiigeableness, n.fujo {:^^) na 
koto ; akippoi koto ; kawari-yasui 
koto ; tdsurigi no, koto ; rtwalsuku 
koto ; utsuri-yasid koto ; henji-yasui 
koto ; (in love) uicaki na koto. 

Cliaiijyeably, adv. akippoktt ; kawa- 
ri-yj.stiku ; %dsuri-gi ni ; idsuri- 
yasulcu ; muramura to ; henji-yas^dai ; 
(in love) uitaki ni. 

Cliange-sliop, n. ryogae-ya. 

Clianiiel, n. (among shoals) miyo : 
funa-michi ; suiro (tKKt) ! (gutter) 
mizo ; (strait) seto ; kaikyo (J^lli^). 

Bungo , Bungo-nada. 

marks, miyo-gru ; iitJi/>- 

jirushi ] (buoys) /u%o (j^tr,)- 

through the proper , soto 

(ffl^) no ietsudzuki xco hde ; sono 
ifttji wo Jiete. 

Cliaut, t.v. ginji-ru ; idau. 

Chant, n. uta ; sJioka (ng^) ; (of the 
Monto sect of Buddhists) eika (|%^). 

Chaos, n. konton (J^f>fe) ; somai (1^ 
5^) ; (confusion) konzatsu (ij^?t) ; 
konran (j&SL) ; gotagota. 

Chap, n. (a sore) aku-gire ; (crack) 

Chap, i.v. tca]hibi ga kire-ru ; (of the 
earth) hi-icare-ru ; sake-ru. 

Chapel, n. reihaidn (ifi^-*^) ; sho- 

haido (/J^^^) ; shokyodo ('J^f5c'^). 
Chapfalleu, a. tdsumuite oru. 

to be , utsumukni. 

CJiaplot, n. (beads) jyzu (ft|$). 


[ 135 ] OHA 

Chaplain^ n. (of a Legation) sokican 
(fi"'K*) ; (of a prison) kyokwaiski (fjc 

army , rikugun-kwaishi (^ 


navy , kaigun-kwaishi 

Chapman* n. (peddlar) kbshonin (ff 
fSA); tdbi-akindo. 

Chapter, n. sIm (^) ; hen (Wi) ; (of 
a story-teller's tale) seki (Jifj^). 

Char, t.v. kogasu ; (rediice to char- 
coal) sumi ni yaku. 

Chai', i.v. koge-ru ; (be reduced to 
charcoal) sumi ni yake-ru. 

Character, n. (disposition) umare- 
tsuki ; seishitsu (tilt) ; shorai (14 
iSR) ; (letter) monji (X^-) ; moji (^ 
^) ; j' C^) ; (of "■ servant) siiisenjo 
(JiE^Jfc) ; hinkd-shomeisho [S^^jW^ 
§) ; (nature) seishitsu ; (reputation) 
hydban (fp^j) ; meibun (^Pfl); rei- 

bun (^m). 

a (eccentric person), fcctMJari- 


a man of bad , hydban no 

icarui h'lto. 

a man of fine , hitogara (A 

J^) no yoi hito. 

a man of strong , shikkari 

sh'Ua hito. 

a man's (disposition), jini' 

butsu (Alio). 

ancient Japanese , jindai- 

moji (ipH\:"it-7') [supposed]. 

is cleared, mi 710 akari go. 


chief (in a novel), s/i?ymfco 


chief male (in a play), shu- 

jinko (±\^). 

Chinese , Icanji (r3l'?-)- 

European , yokomoji. 

female (in a play), oyama; 


index of difficult Chinese 

s (arranged ace. to number 

of strokes), kenji (t^^-). 

male (in a play), tachi-yaku. 

minor male (in a play), 


real ....... honsho (^fcl'j.). 

Sanscrit 1 bonjii^'^'-). 

to clear one's , mt no akari 

ICO tute-ru.. 

to get a bad , hydban ga 

waniJcu naru ; na ga warulcu nam ; 
meibo ico ushinau ; wa]gwaibun ga 
warulai naru [the last is now 
generally used in the sense oE 
" feeling shame "]. 

to regain one's , hyobanico 


Characteristic, n. (distinctive 
quahty of a person) mochimae ; 
Icuse ; tokushitsu (^K) ; tokusei (4$ 
14) ; (of a thing) tachi ; tokushitsu ; 
tolcushoku (#©). 

bad , icarui Icuse. 

natural , umaretsuki; fei- 

shitsu mm- 

Characteristic, a. tokuyu (ij#^) 
no ; dokutoku (^i^^) no. 

it is of the man, anp hito 

no tokushitsu (^^) desu. 

Japan's art, Nihon tok-uyfc 

no bijutsu. 

Characterize, t.v. the dis- 
honesty which s that 

people, anojimmin (AK) no toku- 
sei (#14) to natte orufushojiki (TfC 


to be d by (of a disease), 

icojtokuchd (4#^) to s. 

to as, to hinan (#M) •'• 

Charcoal, n. sumi ; (in balls) tadon. 

animal ,jutan(^}^). 

hard , katazumi. 

porous , sakura-zund. 

wood , mokutan (?|c^). 

Charcoal-box, n. sumi-tori. 

Cliarcoal-burner, n. sumi-yuki. 

Char jfe, n. (accusation) uttae ; kokii- 
so (iqi^) ; (accusation, by an ofli-, 
cial, in that capacity) kiso (SfS) J 
(attack) shingeJci {'Mtk) > iotsugeki (5^ 
II); toklcwan (^^Vt) ; shugeki (gg 
53!) ; kbgeJd ij^l^) ; (criminal) han- 
zal no kado ; (expense) dai (fi) ; 
ryd m) ; daikin {Viil) ; daiica (f^ 
•jg) ; (for transport) unchin (JSILM) 5 
unsochin (MiSS) ; (for wages) c/iln- 
■^CH (Kt$); chingin (R^) ; (of a 


[ 130 ] 


gnn) hatsuhun (^^) ; tenso (Ji|^) ; 
kome ; (of electricity) sekkhn (fk.^) ; 
(l^rice demanded for a service) haki- 
ilushi ; ryo (^*) ; (tmst) n\n (^) ; 
seldn'm (^tt). 

for labour, temuchin. 

for paper, kami-dai. 

s, (on estates) sozei (ffliffi) ; 

(taxes) tontate-kin. 

doctor in of a case, .s/m- 

nin (±f£) no isha. 

doctor's , shinsutsuryo (E'^l^ 

is open to the of being 

, no kirai wu. 

miscellaneous 8, zappi (f| 


on what P nan no kado de. 

the person in (of any 

given work), kakari no hito ; shu- 
nin (±1£) no hUo. 

the pupils under his , vke- 

mochi no seiio (i^). 

to be in of (certain duties), 

wo/iori-nlKukav . 

to be put in of (an affair), 

irolinin snreru ; tcojUaku sare-tii. 

to give in , (an affair) jro/ 

maka.tu ; tro/taku ( J£) s ; tcojinin 
(ieffi) *; icojitakii (^^) s; (a 
thing) vo/adzuke-ru ; (deliver over 
to a judicial officer) tco/hiki- 

to have of, ukemotsu ; adzu- 


to put down to a pei'son's 

(in an a/c book), no/kayoi ni 

.9 ; nolkayoicho ni kisai (|E^) s ; 
nojkanjo ({Efi^) ni kaki-nose-ru. 

to reduce the (in a gim), 

soryo (^H^) ico genji-i-u. 

to sound the , akugeki no 

nidzu ICO s ; shirtgekifu ('M!^^) 
ICO SO (^) s. 

to take of (a thing), ico/ 

ndzukaru ; ico/hokican (^^) s. 

to take over of (official 

work), icojhiki-tsitgn. 

Charge, t.v. (accuse, of a pubHc pro- 
secution) kokuhatsu (^^) s ; (of the 
complainant) woluttae-ru ; icojkokuso 
('o'lS) « '' (a weapon) nijtamagoTne s ; 
ni/kome-ru ; nijtensb s ', (levy) choshu 
(©Jft) s; (place to the debit of) 

c/ionien (ijigW) ni tsuke-ni ; ckomen 
ni kinyfi (aEA.) * ! (rush upon) nij 
kakatte iku ; ni/sJii-kakaite €cu ; wo/ 
kogeki (:^^) s ; tco/osow ; uolshfi- 
geki s. 

to be d with (a mission), 


to amine, kicako ('A.iJi,),oT 

jlraikica (fbW'M), '^f> -^oehi (^g) 


to w^ith , (no) 

tsiani ICO ni kise-rti. 

Charge, i.v. kogeki s ; shingeki s ; 
toisiigeki s ; shiigeki s. 

he d 10 yen, JM yen toita. 

how much do you ? ikura 

font ka. 

Chargeable, a. (of an impost, etc.) 
k~ica-subeki ; oicasii-beki. 

Charge-rt'aflfaires, n. dairi-koahi 


ad interim, rii'ji-<lfiln-kdshi 

Cliarger, /;. gumha (^^). 

Chariot, n. giaisha ; heisJt/i (:f£$). 

Charitable, a. jihi-bukai ; tvxsake- 
bukai ; jizen-bukai ; jizenshin no 
fukai ; jizen no ; (in judging others) 
kicanjin-taido (^tli<.f^) rci ; kican- 
dai (^A:) na : kicanyij ('^^) nn. 

disposition, jts/tfu (^.,t») ; 

iizens-hin (^#ib) ; jinshia (fr.C>)- 

institution, jikel-in {^M. 

^)-, n. equiv. of 
Charitable foil, by A:o^o. 

Charitably, adv. jihi-bukak-u ; ji- 
zenrbukakxi ; nasake-bukaku ; wisake 
wo kakete ; (in judging others) 
kicanjin-taido «i ; kanyo ni ; kicwidai 

Charity, n. (alms) hodokoshi ; se- 
motsH (]!iffi4^) ; (benevolence) jinkei 
(t^) ; jizc'i (i^#) ; jizenshin (■»£# 
it<) ; (in judging others) kicanyo ; 

act of , jlzen-shogjo ; (secret ) 

hitoku (^^). 

bazaar, jize)i/c!c«t (^##). 

fxxnA, jizen-kikin (^#^^). 


[ 137 ] 


hospital, j)'?CTi-5j^oin (^#^ 

^) ; jikei-bydin {^MM^)- 

school, ynen-rjakko {^M^ 

Charlatan, n. (boaster) hwa-fuki ; 
(in learning) ese-gakusha ; (quack) 

Charm, n. (amiability) aikyo ($|^) ; 
(amulet) mamori ; mayoke ; gofu (^ 
^) ; (magic spell) majinai. 

Charm, t.v. mayowase-ru ; (delight) 

to be ed by, nijmitore-ru ; nif 

shinsui (it^gt) s. 

Charmingf, a. alkyo ?io aru ; (of a 

person) hore-hore sunt yo na ; ailcyo 
no aru ; (of a thing) rniiorei'v. yd ni 
utsukushii ; hijo Jii utsukushii [the 
last is always used in jest]. 

Chart, n. (sea) kaidzu (j$P) ; (piece 
of pasteboard on which information 
is exhibited) hayamihyo. 

Charter, n. (document bestowing 
rights) tokkyojo (#|j^)yc) ; (of a ship) 
chintaishaku (MM^) [Com Co.]. 
provisional , kari-meiikyo 

Charter, t.v. yatou ; yatoi-ireru ; 
chinshaku C^fa) ^ > kari-ire-ru. 

d ship, yatoi-sen; (by govt.) 

i/oydsen (ifi)M<5)- 
Charterer, n. (of a ship) chlnshaku- 
7iia (H'fpA) [Com. Co.]; yosensha 

Charter-pai'ty, n. fune-yaioi-ire- 
keiyaku ; yaioisen-keiynkvsho ; chin- 

Chase, t.v. okkake-ru ; mt ; tmitjeki 
(ill^) •' ; (game) kani ; (metal) nchi- 
dasu ; (ornament) chokoku (QJ^Ij) .«.'. 

to away, oi-late-ru ; oj)- 


<'hase, n. (of animals) kari; juryo 
i^W.) ; (of ftn enemy) ttuif/eki (j^ 
1^) ; oi-urhi ; (printing) * ; (pursuit) 
l.sidkyu (i^3?). 

Chasm, n. sakeguchi; ware-me. 

Chaste, s. (of design) assari shita ; 
(of style) kmikctsu (Rfjjg) na ; (of 
:t).ni) kntoi: ,]nfnl.„ (:;g^) no; (of 

women) teisetsu (^ffi) na ; teiso (^ 
^) na ; mimochi no ii ; 7nisao-tada- 

woman, teijo (^ic)- 

Chasten, t.v. (correct by punish- 
ment) choji (^fh) s ; korashime-ru ; 
kyosei (5^jE) s ; (punish) sekkan (^ 
^) s ; kenseki (Hft) s. 

Chastise, t.v. korasu ; korashime- 
ru ; chobatsu (^^) s ; (with arms) 
seibatsu (ffit^t) « > «6i'o (ffiH") s 

to a rebel, cJioteki 

wo utsu. 

Chastisement, n. chobatmi (gt|il) ; 
korashime ; (with arms) seibatsu (^ 
tJt) ; *ei<5. 

Chastity, n. (of men) dotoku ; (of 
women) teisetsu (^iB) ; teishuku (^ 
^) ; <eiso ; misao ; shxikutoku 

Chat, i.v. dansho (gfe^) * ! yomoyaina 
no hanashi ico s ; kandan (P^H^) s. 

Chattels, n. (law) dosan ($)]M)y 
yfdai-ddsan ('^^^M.)- 

goods and , kagu (s^^) ; 

kazni (5^M). 

Chatter, i.v. (talk) shaberu ; kuchi 
ICO tataku ; (agon (^W) ^• 

teeth , ha no ne ga aicanai. 

to like magpies, pera-pera 

shaberu ; pecha-pecha shaberu. 

Chatter-hox, n. o shnberi ; iagon 
na hito ; k-uchi-kadzu no oi hito. 

Chatty, a. hatiashi-dzuki na. 

Cheap, a. yasui ; kakkd (^H) na ; 
QholcH (i3[) na; teiren ({R^) na; ge- 
jiki (Titt) na; renka (^ffl[) wt ; "(of 
little worth) yasuppoi. 

a victory (of little worth), 

tsuniaranai shoii (^^J). 

and nasty, yti.stikaro tcaru- 


dirt , sutene no ; nisoku-sam- 

mon (nMHX) no ; tsuhushi n-i. 

selling , yasu-uri. 

that is the est price, sure 

rca ichiban (—35) .'/O'/'t (TiiL) <i<*- 

this is much er, kono ho 

wa ynlKxIo ya.<iui ; kore wa yoppodo 

CHE [ 138 ] 

tohu (^) da pit. is considerable 

to feel (ashamed), haji-iru; 

sekimen (|!|;M) *• 

Cheapen, t.v, (beat down) negiru; 

Cheai>-jack, n. ydbi-uri-akindo. 

Cheaply, adv. yasuku ; kakko (jf^0-) 
ni ; choku (ji[) ni ; gejiki (T^) ni ; 
renka ni ; teiren ni. 

to buy a victory , tayasuku 

shori (l^^'IJ) ICO eru. 
Cheapness, n. renka ; teiren ; gejiki ; 

Cheat, t.v. damasu ; damakasu ; 
damakurakasu ; hikkake-ru ; tabura- 
kasti ; manchaku (Hj^) s ; (with a 
oonnterfeit) mayakasu ; gomakasu. 

to be ed, katari ni au. 

to be ed out of, de 

peten ni kakaru. 

to out of , de tco 

peten »ii kake-ru ; tco/dashi-nuku. 

Cheat, i.v. dzurui koto uo s. 
Cheat, n. (one who cheats) petenshi ; 

dzurui yatsu ; kansJio (^fS5) ; sagi- 


Check, t.v. (by comparing) Jiiki- 
awase-ru ; (examine) shirahe-i-u ; 
aratame-ru ; (hinder) samatageru ; 
hogai (iS^) s; sogai (^^) s ; (o£ 
accounts) chbsa (|^^) s ; (stop) osae- 
ru ; tome-ru ; tevihi ( ^jh) « ; (verify) 

to the enemy, teki ico kui- 


Check, n. (at chess) ote ; (for foot- 
gear) gesoku-fuda ; (for Inggnge) 
rhekki ; icar'tfuda ; ai-fuda ; (hind- 
rance) samatage ; sogai ; hogai ; 
(pattern) . goban-jima ; benkei-jima ; 
(stop) osae ; teishi. 

to meet -with a , tonia (^5 

K) tco kitasu; tochii (^tfJ) f/e 

Checkerboard, n. goban. 
Checkers, n. go-ishi ; (game) go. 

to play , go ico ulsu; go tco 

■ kakomu. 

C/h^ck-mate, n. b-tsume ; o-tedz^ime. 


Checkmate, t.v. nopceikicaku tco 
kowisv, or daha (^i^) s ; (in chess) 
isumejii ', o-tsume ?u s ; o-tedzume 
ni s. 
to be ed, tsume-saserare-ru. 

Cheek, n, ho ; hdpeta. 

Cheek-bone, n. ho-botie ; kucankotsn 


Cheer, t.v. (comfort) nagusameru ; 
(gladden) yorokobasu ; nojki ico hit- 
faferu ; (salute) icojkassai {^^) s. 

to on (encourage), kohu (ajf 

^) s ; hagemasu. 

Cheer, i.v. (applaud) kassai (n§>[^) 
s ; (when attacking) toki no koe ico 

to up, v:d\ki ga hare-ru ; yoki 

ni imru. 

Cheer, n. kassai ; (when attacking) 
toki no koe. 
three s, sanshb (H»g). 

Cheerful, a. (of i)ersons and places) 
ybki (^M,) na ; (pleasing) ijuktcai (^^ 
•K) '!« ; genki no yoi ; (smiling) n'ko- 
niko to shita. 

Cheerlully, adv. (gladly) yorokonde ; 

(smilingly) niko-niko shite ; (will- * 
' ingly) kokoroyoku ; iso-iso to shite. 

Cheerfiilnes.s, n. (of a place) j/.>;. ; 
(^M.) ; yukicai (tiitfe) ; (of persons) 

Cheeringr, a. yorokobashii ; yukvai 
na ; hagemasu yb na ; ki ga hittainu 
yb na. 

Cheerinji!:ly> adv. hagemasu yb )u ; 
ki ga hittatsu yb ni. 

Cheerless, a. inki {^^) tia ; fu- 
kwai (7p.j^) na ; yuutsu (^^) na. 

Cheery, a. yukicai (^li^) na ; sbkicai 
(3^'fcJi) na ; ybki (^^) na. 

Cheese, n. * ; kanrakn (ftS)- 

Clief-rtVjeuvre, n. (a fine work) 
jbdcki; mybkb (Si'X); meisaku {^, 
f^) ; kessaku (ggf^) ; (chief work) 
hissei (^pjK) no saku. 

Chemical, n. kicagakuyal-uhin (ft 
^mm) ; seim-yakxi. (^t^ag). 



[ 139 ] 


<Jlieniical, a. kicagaku (ft^) no ; 
kvcagaku-jo (ffc^i) no ; kicagaku- 
teki'at^^^']) no. 

analysis, kucagaku-bunseki 

combination, kwagak-u no 

icago (iftl'o') ' kwago. 

compound, kicagb-hutsu (ft 

Olieinically, adv. kxcagaku-jo de ; 
kwagaku-teki ni. 

Chemise, n. jiban {MW ; sMta- 
jihan ; hadagi ; juban ; (long under- 
garment worn by Japanese women) 

Chemist, n. kwagakusha (fh^^^) ; 
(l)harmaceutical) kusuri-ya ; fci- 
gusitri-ya; yakuzai-shi (\ 

Chemistry, n. kicagaku (ft^). 

inorg'anic , muki-kicagaku 

organic , yukl-kwagaku (^ 

Chemnlpho, n. Jinsen (frjil). 

Cheque, n. (bank) kogitte ; tegaia ; 
kilte [Com. Co.]. 

book, *; kogitte-cJio. 

Cherish, t.v. (an idea, desire) idaku ; 
moisu ; (harbour) fukumu ; (love) 
kuica'tgnni ; j'm'i (^'g') s ; choni (§| 
*^) s ;■ ^wi'/cu (^f j) A'. 

to resentment, Ishu [m>.&) 

uo fukumu. 

ClK'rry, n- •■idkuramho ; sakura no 
the Imperial Garden- 
party, kican-o-kirai (WIM^)- 
Cherry-blossom, n. sakura no 

Cherry-tree, n. sakura ; sakura no 

double , yae-zakura ; hotan- 

zakura ; dwchin-zakura. 

drooping- , skidare-zakura. 

early , higan-zukura. 

single , hitoe-zakura. 

wild , yama-zakura. 

Cherubim, n. Keruhimu ■ 
Chervil, n. u'tkymen. 

Chess, n. shogi (^j*)- 

board, shogi-han. 

man, shogi no koma ; koma. 

player, shogi-sashi. 

to play , shogi wo sasu. 

Chest, n. (bosom) mune ; kyobu (|^ 
^) ; (box) nagamochi ; hitsu. 

of drawers, tansu. 

to measure the girth of one's 
, kyokicaku (8^^) wohakaru. 

Chestnut, n. (fruit) kuri. 

tree, kuri no ki. 

dried , kachiguri. 

Chestnut, a. kuri-iro no ; (of a 
horse) kurige no. 

horse, kurige no uma. 

Chevaux-cle-frise, n. sakamogi ; 
(on garden wall) shindbi-gaeshi. 

Chew, t.v. kamu ; soshaku (BlP^) s ; 

to the cud, nlre-kamu ; 


Chiaroscuro, n. ndtan (j^gl^). 
Chicane, n. tekuda ; kankei ($ftf ). 
Chicanery, n. kokatsu-shudan (JicHt 

Chicken, n. Mna ; hiyokko. 
breast, hato-mune. 

Chicken-breasted, a. hato-mune 

Cliielcen-heartcd, a. okubyo ()|^ 
^) na; kinoyoicai; kyojaku (i)-^^) 
na ; ikvji (jg;^tfi) tio nai. 

Chicken-pox, n. midzu-boso ; suito 

Chick-weed, n. hakobe (3K^)- 

winter-green, tsumatori- 

Chide, t.v. shikaru ; hisseki {nfH) .v ; 
kenseki {M.W « ! kasekl (Iftj/t) •'' i 
ni/kogoto tco iu. 

Chief, n. (head) kashira ; toryo (^ 
$5) ; shuryo (ttpfi) ; (lord) .ihukun 
(i'S"); (master) shujin (±A) ; (of a 
tribe) .ihiiclio (i^^) ; (of robbers, 
etc.) kyokicai (gifi): oyadamn; 
kashira ; (in compounds) -cho. 
of police, keihucho (fJ.TK^). 


[ 140 ] OHI 

Chief, a. omo na ; dai-ichi (^— ) no ; 
shuyo no (±55) "o 5 s^w to shiia ; (of 
persons) kashira-datia ; omo-datta ; 
jot (±.^) no ; (of topics) kado-datta ; 
omo-datta ; sAm to shita ; shuyo (i 
55) ?io ; saij/o (g5|) no. 

in compounds may be expr. 

by -gashira or -cho, snflBxed to the 

noun; as, coolie, ninsoku- 


object, shxd (±^.). 

officer (of steamship), itto- 

untenshi (— ^Mil±)- 

seat, shoza (±.lM)- 

secretary, shokikicancho (^ 

Chief-justice, n. v. President. 

Chiefly, adv. omo ni ; ialtei (;A:^) ; 
moppara ; dzui-ictii (Hf— ) ni ; dai- 
ichi (^^) ni ; shu to shite. 

Chig'iion, n. (natural) tabo. 

Chilhlain, n. shimo-ycdce. 

Child, n. ko ; kodomo ; jido (^M.) J 
shoni ('J'>^) ; (polite) o ko .^an. 

eldest , sot-yo (fi-Sg) ; (fe- 
male) soryb-musume ; chojo (J^;^) ; 
(male) .toryo-miisuko ; chonan ( g 


only , hUorikko. 

spoilt , dadakko. 

stillborn , shitaiji (^^^). 

to be witli , mimochi de am ; 

Icvcainin (gft) shite oru ; harande 

young'est , sueko; sue no 

ko ; basshi (^J-). 
Childbearing', n. san (^) ; shus- 
san (JhM) ; ko ICO nmu koto ; bumben 

to be past , tca]humLeidd ga 

sugita ; im^otoko ni natta [vulg.]. 

Childbed, n. a woman in , 

sampu (^Ji). 

to die in , nanian (5gi^) t7e 

shinu ; san (^) de shinu. 

Childbirth, n. shussan (SiM) ; bvm- 
ben (^m)- 

pains after , ato^ara. 

pains of , mukai-bara. 

Childhood, n. (time of) ybnen (H] 
i^) ; ybshb (ifj^) no toki ; kodomo 
no iihun (FJj^) ; osanni toki. 

a friend of one's , chikuba 

(ItiH) no tomo. 

in one's , kodomo no toki; 

kodomo no uchi. 

Childish, a. kodotnorashii ; shbni no 
yb na ; kodomo-jimita ; otonagenai. 

to bo with age, toshl no sei 

• de tdboke-ru. 

Childishly, adv. kodomorashilcu ; 
shbni ('J-^) no yb ni\ kodomo-jimite ; 
3^9^ (^ jS) "i hitoshikti ; otonage- 

Childishness, n. equiv. of Child- 
ish, foil, by koto. 

Childlike, a. kodomo no yb na; 
kodomo ni niaicashii ; (meek) nyuica 
(^10) na. 

Chill, n. kanki (%y^) ; (fig.) ojilce ; 
kansltln (9g.C>) ; (med.) okan (^f^) ; 
(sensation) okan (^,S^) ; sainuke. 
a came over the as- 
sembly, shtVcicaisha (^^^) ni 
ojike ga isuita. 

a caught in sleep, nebie. 

a CDmes over me, samitke 

ga s ; zoku-zolcu s. 

to catch a , kanki (^^\ico 

uke-ru, or hikikomu. 

Chill, t.v. (fig.) no/kyb (^) tco sanui- 
su ; (lit.) hiyas^i ; samuku s. 
to become ed, .samxtku nam. 

Cliilliness, n. samusa; kanid (^ 
^) ; (of behavioiir) reitan (j-^^) ; 
reigO (J^jg). 

Chilly, a. samid ; kanki na ; (of 
behavioiir) reitan na ; reign na. 

a person w^ho feels , samu- 

garibb ; samugari. 

to feel , samugaru; zoh^t- 

zoku s. 

Chime, t.v. narasn. 

Chime, i.v. to in with, (an- 
other's remark) ni/ai-dzuchi tco s ; 
(correspond) ni/ckbica (l^ift) s. 

Chime, n. one of bells, kane 

hito soroi. 

Cliimerical, a. ku (^) na ; mabo- 
roshi no yb na ; ytime no yb na. 


OHI [ 141 ] 


Chiinerically, adv. M ni. 

Chimney, n. kemuridashi [a. n. hon, 
?fc]; ento (gjgj); entotsu (^^) ; 
(of II Lamp) hoya. 

Chimney-sweeper, n. entoisu- 

Chimney-sweeping', n, entotsu- 
Cliimonanthus tragrans, rohai 


Cliin, n. ago ; otogai ; agUo, 

double ,futa-ago. 

Cliina, n. (country) Shina; Shinkoku 
(vin^) ; -ATanfcm [vulg.] ; (porcelain) 
ishl-yaki ; jiki {^^) ; ioki (Pi^gJ) ; 

and Japan, Ni^shin ( H Vn)- 

Merchants Co., Shosho- 

kyohi mmi^})- 

Sea, Shina-kai. 

Town, Nankin-machi. 

North , Ilokushin (;jtv^). 

China-aster, n. ezo-giku ; satsumn- 

Cliina-gTass, n. karamushi. 

Cliiiia-root, n. dohukuryo (±^^) ; 

sankiral (UjgfjR). 
Cliina-sliop, n. setomonoya ; tokiya. 

Cliiiiese, a. Shina no; Shinkoku no ; 
Shinrho no ; Nankin no. 

Cliiiiese, n. (language) Shinago ; (as 
used in Japan) kango (^fg) ; (as 
written in Japan) kamhun (9l3it) ; 
(native of China) Shinajin ; Nankin- 

book, kansho (Sl^) ; kan- 

seki mm- 

character, kanji (iH"/-). 

philosopher, jw.s7ta (fll^'). 

scholar, kangakusha (g|^ 

study of , kangaku (fHi^). 

the four classics, shisho 


Chine, n. sehone. 

of beef, fiehone-tsuki no nlku. 

Cllink, n. (crack) sukeguchi; sake- 
me ; sukima ; (sound) oto. 

Chinic, t.v. (sound) chin-chin narasu. 

Chink, i.v. (sound) chin-chin naru. 

Chintz, n. sarasa. 

Chip, n. ki-kire ; mokuhen (t^M*) I 
ki-kudzu ; (long and thin) koppa ; 
(small) kedzuri-kudzu ; soge-kudzu ; 

Chip, t.v. sogu ; kedzuru ; (earthen- 
ware, etc.) kaku ; nijkidzu wo isu- 

Cllip, i.v. kake-ru. 

Cliirographer, n. shoka; (a pro- 
ficient in writing) noshoka (^i^'M)'t 
(public scribe) hikkosha (^i)f^) ; 
shajisei (^^i) ; daishonin (f^S 

Cliirography, n. sho ; (art of) sAo- 
ho (^J£); shajijvtsu (W^^)- 

Chiromancy, n. teso-mi. 

Chiromancy, n. teso^utsu. 

Chirp, iv. chu-chu to saedztiru, or 

Cliirp, n. naki-goe. 

Cliirns liexagrammiis, (fish) ai- 


Chisel, n. nomi. 

cold , iagane {%). 

Chisel, t.v. horn ; chokoku (WfM) *• 

Chit, n. chitsu. 

Chit-book, n. * ; uketoricho. 

Chitterlings, n. shocho (/j'»lB). 

Chivalrous, a. kyoki (i^M.) no aru ; 

otokogi 710 ; gikyoshin no aru. 

Cliivalry, n. gikyoshin (^tJSiC") ; gi- 
kyb ; ninkyo (ffrtfc)- 

Cliives, n. asatsuki. 

Chloral, n. *. 

Chloride, n of ammonia, 

ensha (^&). 

of iron, enktca-tetsu (^ 

...... of lead, enfctca-cn (Hft^). 

Chlorine, n. * ; enso (H^). 

Chloroform, n. *, 

Clilorophyll, n. yoryok-Mso (^JM^iiK)- 

Chlorosis, n. ibhrjo (:^^/M) : '''t'"" 



[ 11^ ] 


Choice, n. nozomi; sulci; erami; 
.sent ikni (51}^) ; (act of) eqniv. of 
Choose foil, by koto. 

he has no in the matter, 

ano kata ica sono koto ni tsuite 

eri-gonomi fja nai. 

I have no particular , 

• helsvxlan {nWk.) yori-konomi tea nai. 

take your , suki na no wo 

iotte kure. 

you may take yotir for a 

aollar, yori-flori irhi yen de gozai- 


Choice, a. siKjureta ; hihon (^^fL) 
no ; (as, of food) seisen (fe|Ig) Jvi. 

Choicely, adv. seisen shite. 

Choke, t.v. no/iki tco tomeru ; nojnodo 
tco shimeru ; (of a drain, etc.)/ 
gu ; (of a gun) shihori-tsutsu ni s. 

to down tears, namtda wo 


to get ed up, tsumaru. 

Choke-bore, n. (^ 

Choke, i.v. (absolutely) ica]no(lo <ja 
tsumaru ; (partially) tca]nodo ga tsu- 
kaeru ; museni ; musehit ; .<ioki(hak~u 

(.6ifl) s. 
Cholera, n. korem. 

morbus, kirakunm (^SL)- 

Choleraic, a disease, ruiji- 

korera (!|g(Bl) ; giji-korcra (HJ^) 

[in contradistinction to .shinstui- 

Jcorera {^im.f}M)l 

Choleric, a. ki (^) no mijikai ; tan- 

ki (^M.) ""^ ; haradachippoi ; oko- 


person, kanshak^-morhi (^ 


Cho<)Se, t.v. (desire) )iozomu ; (elect) 
se)iIcyo (^51©) s ; (for a post) sentei 
(MI^L.) •"> ; (one thing in preference to 
another) iw/ho ni s ; no/Jio ko toru ; 
(select) erabu ; eramu ; sentaku (J^ 

m) «• 

there is not much to 

betw^een them (nearly equally 
bad), gojippo-hyappo no ron da. 

to one's time, ii toki ico 


to out, yori-dasu : er! 

Cliop, n. (in compounds) -in {^)i 
(mark) shirushi ; kigo (IB^)- 

Chop, t.v. kiru ; tatsu. 

to down, kiri-taosu. 

to fine, klzamu ; kiri-kizanm. 

to off, kiri-oiosu. 

Chop, i.v. (change suddenly) kyu (#J 
ni kavcaru ; (of the wind) fuki- 

Chop-fallen, a. uttori shlta. 

CIiOpi>e<l, n. (stamped by govt.) fco^ 
k-uin<huki (S^lpf^) no. 

Choppingf-block, n. manaita. 

Chop.'^ticks, n. hashi ; (which can 
be split asunder) icari-bashi. 

lacquer , nuri-bashi. 

plain , .sugi-bashi. 

Chord, n. (of a circle) clwk-usen- 
t.sfigen (Jllft^Si) ; (of music) gasso 

Choroiil coat, (of the eye) myaku- 

Christendom, n. Yaso-sJdnko n> 
kakkohii (:g-S) ; Yasokyb-koku (^jJS^- 

Christen, t.v. nijsenrei (yfej'S) "''> 

to be ed, senrel ico ukeru. 

Christening', n. senreishiki (jjfcii'fi 
j(^) ; (of a ship) mebneishiki (^^^). 

Christian, a. Yasokyo no ; Kirisvto 
kyo no. 

convert, Yasokyblo (tj:^)- 

Christian, n. Yasolcyo-shinja (J!^^ 


Christianity, n. Yasokyo (flpStS^^) ; 
Eiri.sutokyd (^^|5c)- 

Christian-name, n. na ; lutoute ; 
jitsumyo {%^). 

Christmas, n. * ; kotansetsn (P$=J| 


Cliristmas-day, n. Yaso-kotansai 
iWM^^M^) ; Yaso-kotanjUsu. 

Chromatic, a. han-or^ai (^#|SS) 
scale, han-onkai. 



[ 143 ] OIG 

Chronic, a. (lingering) daradara 
shita ; mansei (1^14) no. 

disease, manseihyo (IS'ffi^) "> 

koshitsu mmr, i^yo mm)- 

to be , dara-dara s. 

Cliroiiicle, n. kiroku (aG^) ; kiji 
(aU^f) ; hennensld (IS^JJi) ; nendaishi 

s (O. T.), rek'idaishiryaku (^ 

Chronicle, t.v. kiroku s ; hensan 

mM) •^■• 

CJironicler, n. kirokusha (gGI^^) ; 

henshisha (ISitl^). 
Chronologically, adv. nempyo de ; 

nendai ni shitagatte ; neyvdai wo die, 

Chronologist, n. nempyo-gakusha 

Chronolog-y, n. (science of) nendai- 
gaku (^f^^^) ; (set of dates) nempyo 
WM) ; nendaiki (^f^aB)- 
Chronometer, n. *. 
Chrysalis, n. sanagi (ilylj). 
Chrysanthemwin, n. kiku. 

Imperial Garden-party, 

kuangikiikicai {^'^^). 

Order of the , kikkicasho 

Chrysolite, n. kanranseki (tSScMS')- 
Chubby, a. pocha-pocJia futotta ; 
marupocha no. 

Chuck, t.v. to away, hori- 

dasu ; nage-dasu. 

Chuckle, i.y.fukumi'warai s; kusu- 
kusu icarau ; (of a fowl) kokk'o to 

Chuckle, n. fukumi-icarai ; kusu- 

Chum, n. doryo; doso ([r?]^) no 
tomo ; naknyoshi. 

Clium, i.v. (become very friendly) 
shimmitsu (^^;) ni imru ; (live toge- 
ther) dobb {W\W) "' sumu. 
Cluircli, n. (body) fcj/ofcicai (fjc-g-) ; 
(biiilding) kiraitlo (•^^) ; kyokwaido 
(lifT'-S); reihmdb (iSff ^) ; seiOo 

Congregational , Kumiai- 

kydkicai (M'&IJc^). 

Episcopal (body), Seikokicai 

(^S-^) ; Eantoku-kyokwai (g^^ 

Methodist , Mii-kyokicai {^ 


Presbyterian , Itcld-kyo- 

kwai {-Wxrn.^)- 

Roman Catholic , (body) 

Roma-kyokwai ; Tenshu-kybkvcai 

(?C±fJc#) ; (building) tenshudo 


Universalist , Uckn-kyoktcai 

Churching, n. sango-kan.^hashiki 
(^t^.^aSISt) ; {Shinto) ulvgaml-mairi. 

Church-warden, kydkvcai-Hn (ffc 

Church-yard, n. bochi (gift) ; v. 

Churl, n. huaiso (fe^tH) «« yatsu ; 
hukotsu (fet#) na yatsu; (rustic) 
inaka-mono ; dempu^ajin (HJjl^l'f A). 

Churlish, a. huaiso (fe^ffl) na; 

hukotsu (te#) na. 
Churlishly, adv. huaiso (te^^g) ni; 

hukotsu (fe'ii') ni. 
Cliurlishness, n. huaiso ; hukot.tu. 
Cliurn, n. kakunyuki (^|LS)- 
Churn, t.v. kaki-mawasu. 
Chute, n. * . 
Chyle, n. nyuhi (?tSI). 

Cicada, n. semi ; [tsuku-tsuku hoshi ; 
abura-semi ; higurashi ; uma-semi ; 
mimmin-semi ; oshiitsuJcu-semi ; ji-ji- 
senii are different kinds]. 

Cicatrix, n. kidzu-ato. 
Cicatrize, i.v. Mdzu ga naoru. 
Cigar, n. hamaki-tahako ; maki- 

tabako [a. n. hon]. 
Cigar-case, n. hamaki-ire. 
Cigar-holder, n. kamaki-suikuchi ; 

case for 

• ■» paipu-ire. 

n. kami-tnaki-idba!co 


[a. n. /ion]. 

Cigarette-case, n. kaml-maki-ta- 


[ Hi ] 


Cigarette-holder, n. suikuchi ; 
case for , paipu-ire ; suikuchi- 


Ciliary process, moyo-toJcki [^1^ 

Ciuchona bark, n. Mnahi (j^gjj 

Cinder, n. moegara ; yakegara ; (of 
charcoal) keshidzximi. 

Cineinatojfrapli, n. kwatsudo- 
shashmki {?5SljSaS). 

picture, kwatsudo-sJmshin. 

Cinnabar, n. shu (^) ; shusha (^ 

Cinnamon, n. nikkei {^^) ; keUii. 

oil, keihiyu (i^^ift). 

Cion, n. (of a plant) ts^igi-ho', ho; 


Cipher, n. see Cypher. 

Circle, n. han-i ; maru ; kwansen 
(J^^<) ; ?'•« ; (geom.) kicansen (^^) ; 
enlel (Ml^) > koi {^). 

centre of a , dmshin (t(j,t\). 

circumference of a , shfii 

(ftiO) ; megm-i. 

concentric s, doshinken (^ 


diameter of a , chokkei {^ 


radius of a , hanlcei (ip^). 

to ride in a , wa-norl ico s. 

to sit in a , kuruma-za rd 


Circle, t.v. (move round) maicaru ; 
(surround) kakormi ; tori-makii. 

Circle, i.T. maica7i( ; (of a bird) 

Circuit, n. inaicari ; (division of a 

country) do (j^) ; (of a judge, etc.) 

junkwai (iWM) ! (of aii electric 

current) kwaisen (01^). 
closed (elec), heisaku-kwai- 

sen (mmmm- 

open (elec), Jcaiho-kicaisen 

the Kyushu , Saikaido (gg 

to make a , maicari-michi uo 

s ; nkwai (JT;J0) s. 

Circuitous, a. maicari-doi ; ven ( jj 
^) 310 ; mawari-kudoi ; to-maicashi 
no ; [the last, of sjieech only]. 

Circuitously, adv. mawari-doku ; 

lien (S^) ni ; matcari-kudoku ; to- 

maicashi 7ii. 
Circular, a. marui; ica no; ua- 

gatachi no ; (geom.) enkei (IH^) no. 
Circular, n. kicaijo {MVi) ', kwauM 

(M^)', kicaibun (M'^) (comm.) h'di- 


Circulate, l.v. maicaru ; meguru ; 
fienien (|i^f§) s ; (of capital) yudzu (^, 
ga)s; (of money) isiiyo (-^J^) s ; (of 
news) dempa (f#B|) « ; »*"/" {M^t) •« ; 
(of blood, decimals, etc.) junkican (^ 

Circulate, t.v. mawasu ; megurasu ; 
(of new.s) dempa sase-ru ; rufu saseru. 

Circulating:, a decimal, jun- 

kican-shosil (fSS/J'.ft). 

library, kaskibonya. 

medium, isfiud-kingin (^}\\ 

Circulation, n. (act. of) equiv. of 
Circulate foil, by koto ; (of a news- 
paper) hakko-daka ; ure-daka ; (of 
capital) yudzu (^^); ryfitsu (wftiffl) ; 
(moving roimd) maicaru koto ; sentea 
(t^W) ', kv-ailen (M^) ! junkwan (fg 

amount of coins in , krcahei- 


of the blood, cM no meguri ; 

(•hi no junkican ; ketsueki-jurikwan 


to be put in , hakko ni nam ; 

tsilyo ni naru. 

to put in , hakko (f^fr) f ; 

tsfiyo (ififfl) sa.'ieru ; (utter, as 

forged coin) koshi (ff^) *• 
Circulatory, a organs, j«u- 

kican-kim (M^l^iJfe)- 
Circumambient, a. i-nyo (^$f) 
no; skid (^S) no. 

Circumcise, t.v. no/inkyo (^XiS.) no 
.•saki-kaua ico kiru ; (O.T.) nijkatsurei 
(fijjjg) uco hodokosu. 

Circumcision, n. saki-kavoa ico 

kiru koto ; katsurei ; (holy-day) ju- ( $#]!£ ). 


[ 145 ] oil 

Circumference, n. mawari; shfd 
(1^M)> kakoi; meguri; f/wuri. 

Circumlocution, n. ii-mmcashi ; 
uen (iiE^) no go ; viawari-kudoi ii-yo. 

to say with , to-maicashi ni 

ill. i) 

Circumlocutory, a. ii-mau-ashino ; 
uen no ; ukwai (i£M) "" ; mawari- 
kudoi ; to-mawashi no. 

Circumnavigate, t.v. sktikd (^ 
^) s ; non-mawaru ; is.ihu (— ^) s. 

Circumnavigration, n. sfaiko ; 

Circumrotatory, a. senten (Jg^) 
sum ; maicaru. 

Circumscribe, t.v. (limit) kagiru ; 

seigen (S'lJKS) ^ I nijkagiri wo tsuke-ru. 
Circumspect, a. yojin-bukai ; sai- 

shin (^H.t>) na ; shincho (t^fi) na ; 

nukari nonai; shtito (J^ JlJ) na. 

Circumspection, n. yojin (ffliCO; 
shincho (1^#) ; salshin (IHjC*) ; shin- 
ryo(^lM:)'; chidifj^M). 

Circumstance, n. koto ; kotogara. 

s, (in regard to worldly estate) 

.shinsho-muki ; (of an affair) koto 
no shimatsu ; jijo (^'[^) ; koto no 
shkiai ; jokyo ('[n^) I koto no isai 
(^Iffl) ; kWto no tetsudzuki ; (of a 
person) kyogfi (*^jS)- 
accommodating' one's self to 

s, rinki-ohen (^^i^f^M)- 

according to s, moyo (^#) 

shidai ; koto ni yoreha ; koto ni 
yotte ; sMna ni yotte ; jigi (HJS) ni 

adverse s, gyakukyo (|M'^). 

a man in good s, sod na 

s-hlnsho {^±.) no hito. 

s change the man, kyogu 

*^iS) '^« hito ICO kae-ini. 

favourable Byjiinkyo (M.^)- 

in such s, souTut iaai ni wa; 

sonna toki iii wa. 

the private s (of a person), 

xichimaku ; naijo (f*3)tlt). 

the whole s, ichibu-shiiu (— 

mm); ikyokumm- 

to act according to 8, rbiki 

i^Um) ni .^horhi (|g|g) .9. 

to be in easy s, nani-fujlytl 

(^I^Ftl) naku kuras^i; hidari-itchi- 
ica de kurasu. 

to be in good s, .s^oo ui 

kurasu ; ica]shinsho-Tnuki ga yql. 

unavoidable s, yondokoro 

nai haai ; yoginai baai. 
under any s, do atte mo. 

Circumstantial, a. (detailed) ichi- 
bu-shijii (— pKJn^) no ; komaka na ; 
ikyoku {^^) na ; shosai (st-M) 'i«; 
kosai (g^H) na. 

evidence, jokyo-shoko (fniJl 


Circumstantially, adv. ikyoku ni ; 
tsubu^a ni ; shosai ni ; kosai ni ; 
komaka ni. 

Circumvent, t.v. (deceive) dawa- 
kasu ; taburakasu ; manchaku (fl|!fi'?j ) 
s ; (the plans of another) no/hakari- 
goto no ura ico kaku, or yaburu. 

Circumvention, n. equiv. of Cir- 
cumvent foil, by koto. 

Circus, n. kyokuba [lit. equestrian 
feats]; (place) fcj/o/cMbojo (iBl,^^)- 

Cistern, n. midzu-dame ; .mlso (rjc 
)^); (for holy -water at Budilhist 
temple) mi-tarashi ; (in bath-room) 

Cisticola cisticola, sekka; kono- 


Citadel, n. (of a castle) hommni'u ; 
(of a town) shiro ; toride- 

Citation, n. (act) yobi-da^hi ; .tho- 
kican ; (warrant) shokwanjo (^B^!Uc); 

Cite, t.v. y6bl-dnsu [Cr. Pro.]; sho- 
kwan (S^) ■'^'f (quote) hiku; inyo 


to an instance, rei uo agent. 

Citizen, n. (of a country) jmimin (A 
^) ; kom'm (•S-R) ; (of a town) shi- 
7nin (TiiK) I fumin (/f-fR). 

Citizenship, n. kokuseki _(H^); 
komin no shikaku (^^i&) ; kominJceti 

Citrate, n of magnesia, 


of iron, kuensan-tetsu (4fttg: 


[ HJ ] 


Citric, n acid, tcvensan {Yv]\^ 


Citrus japouica, busshukan (^ 
^W) ; (c. trifoliata) karatarhi ; 
(c. olivaeformis) kinkan {^Wi). 

City, n. fokicai (Sp-g-) ; [Kyoto, Tokyo 
and Osaka are called Fu (/jY), or tofu 
iMJtf) ', these three to%\iis with Nago- 
ya are also called daitokicai (i<M^)]- 

Yokohama , Yokohnni'i-shi 


assembly, shilcual (tjT^)- 

Civil, a. (as distingixished from milita- 
ry) bun- (3fc); (courteous) teinei (^ 
^) na ; reigi (^^6) no aisui ; leicho 

(^M) "^ ; (relating to a case) 

minji (K^) no ; rni/yyo (R4t±.) "O. 

bureau for matters, minji- 


bureau of administration 

(in Formosa), mmseikyoku (Kjl^dy). 
chief of the administ- 
ration (in Formosa), minsei-cho- 
kican (RSi::B:'K ). 

and military, bumhu (XJt) 


authorities, bimga (^itSi)- 

case (law), minji-sosltd (R$ 


engineer, doboku-gishi (±.7Jc 

tj^gjp) ; dohok~u-sld (-hTfcfiip). 

law, mimpo (Kfj;) 

power, bunken (%^i). 

service, bimkican (^St'iV)- 

service examination, toyo- 

shiken (wnim). 

service regulations, biuv- 

ktmn-ninyorei (3S:'b tt^fl^)- 

war, wa/mn (rtSL); kolntran 


the list, kicZshitsuhi (^^Jg). 

Civilian, n. (not an officitd) jlmmin 

( AX^) ; (official) bunkican (^Sfg) 
Civility, n. (politeness) teinei (g^) ; 
ieichd mM). 

a man of great , reigi no 

utsui hilo. 

I thank you for your to 

me, go yi'dai ni adzukarimashite 

arigato gozaimasu. 

to treat with ....... yCdai 

Civilization, n. (effect producetl) 
bummei C^V^) ; kaikica (^ft); bufn- 
mei-kaUcica ; kyokica (fjcft) ; (process) 
ftumtnei (^n/]) ni sum koto; kaikxcd 
(^ft) •^w»"t< koto; kyokwa (lift) sum 

Civilize, t.v. hiraku; bummei ni *■; 
kaikica s ; kyokica s. 

CiviliztKl, a. hiraketa ; kaikica shiia ; 
bunvnei na. 

country, bummeikoku (XHIT 


Civilizing:, a. bummei-teki {3it9]fi'!j> 

Ci^"illy, adv. teinei ni ; ingin 
ni ; teicho ni ; te-atsuku. - 

Clack, t.v. to the tongue, shUa 

iro nfirasu. > 

Claim, t.v. (demand as due) seikyu (|S 
5l<) s; motomeru; yokyu (5<-l<) * 
[more forcible than two preceUing] ; 
(maintain) shucho (i3^) s. 

right of , seikyidcen (t%^^\ 

[Com. Co.]. 

...... for damages, songai-ybsho 

Claim, n. seikyu {^^); motome; yd- 

Claimant, n. seikyilsha (|^3j<^) ; 

ybkyusha '\%^^) ; seikyn-yftkensha ; 

(before a court) shinseinin (if IrIA). 
Clam, n. (area inflata) akagai; (cy- 

therea meretrix) hamaguri. 

Clammy, a. to be , nebatsvku; 

uebn-neba s ; nenchaku (ffttj) *• 
Clainorou.s, a. sozoshii ; saicagashii ; 
kamabisushii ; yakamashii. 

Clamorously, adv. sozoshiku ; .mica- 
gashiku ; kamabmishiku ; yakama- 

Clamour, u. sauwii; kento (Ha^^); 

kensb (ntH) ; sbdb (HIA). 
Clamour, i.v. saicagu. ; vcameku ; ken- 
'<5 (PgiiS) «; omeku. 

to for (fig.), vcojkoe takaJcu 


Clamp, n. (metal) kasugai ; (wooden) 
ch'giri-jlme ; [ai-Jciigi is a piece of 
wood for clamping two board.s to- 


[ 147 ] 


Clamp, t.v. aicase-ru ; shime-ni ; shime- 

Clamping-screw, n. tome-neji. 

fj Clan, n. (faction) toha (pt25) ; (fami- 
ly) kachu (^ff); icliimon {—f^); 
(the samurai under one daimyo) han 


Clan, a. hamhatsu (JH^) no. 

g-overnment, hambaisu-se'fu 


Clandestine, a. shinohi no ; orninitsu 
(M'^i «o ; himitsu (^■'^:) no. 

meeting, shinohi-ai ; ai-blki ; 

mikkicai (^^). 

Clandestinely, adv. sMnonde; ka- 
kurete ; hisoka ni ; sotto ; shinobi de ; 
ommitsu ni ; himitsu ni. 
to meet , shinohi-au. 

Clank, i.v. kachin-kachin to naru ; 
gatan-gatan to naru ; gata-gaia naru. 

Clannish, a. danketsu (^^) shita ; 
keitaku (^f£) shita ; tohashin (PiM 
it>) no aru. 

Clannisllly, adv. danketsu shite ; 
keitaku shite. 

Clannishness, n. equiv. of Clan- 
nish foil, by koto. 

Clansman, n. hanshi (^i). 

Clap, t.v. (applaud) kassal {^^)s; 
hakushu (td^) s. 

to one's hand (over any- 
thing), ejte wo (tteru ; tc defusagu. 

to the hands, (for joy) te wo 

idsu ; hakushu (li'i^) s ; (to si;in- 
mon a servant) ie wo tataku. 

to the wing-s, hahataki s; 

hane wo hata-hata s. 

Clap, n. (disease of men) rinibyd (y^ 
^j) ; (of women) shokachi (jfj'iii"). 

Clap, n. (of approbation) hakushu; 

a thunder , raimei; [often 

expr. in Jap. by kaminari ga hata- 
meku, " the thunder roars "]. 

Clap-board, n. shitami-ita; haine- 
ita ; hame ; (of roofs) yane-ila. 

Clap-doctor, n. sodoku-semmon-i{^ 

Clap-net, n. -xaiva-ami. 

Clapper, n. (of a bell) shUa ; (watch- 
man's) hyoshigi. 

Clapping-, n. (applause) kassai (n§ 
^); hakushu (id^). 

Clap-trap, n. mise-kake; maya- 

Claret, n. aka-hudoshu (Sll^fS) 
[properly means any kind of red 

Clarification, n. sximasu koto. 

Clarify, t.v. sumasu. 

Clash, i.v. (be contraditory) 4^070 (gj 
^) .s ; dochaku (^^i s ; telthoku (^ 
1^) s; (collide) buttsukari-nu ; sho- 
totsu s; (conflict of interests, etc.) 
shototsu iWi^) s ; (interfere) kachi- 
au ; (of bells) jan-jan to naru. 

Clash, n. (fig.) kachi-ai ; teishoku (^ 
fi5) ; shototsu {Wi^} I sogo ; dochaku ; 
(of weapons) kengeki (^fj^) no koe ; 
tachi no oto. 

Clash, t.v. cho-cho utsu ; kachi-kachi 

Clasp, n. (buckle) bijo-gane; (hook) 
tome ; tome-gane ; kagi-botan ; kohaze ; 
(of a j)ouch) kanamono. 

Clasp, t.v. (catch hold of) nl/shigami- 
tsuku ; (embrace) nijdaki-tsuku ; 
daku ; (fasten a clasp) tome-kagi wo 
kake-ru ; (grasp) nigiru. 

to the hands, te wo kumu ; 

(in prayer) te ico aicaseru ; gassho 

Clasp-knife, n. tatam,i-kogatana. 

Class, n. (grade) tohyu <^M)', (»" "^ 
school) kyu (^); (kind) shurui (ff 
f^l) ; (of a railway, etc.) /o (^) ; (sci- 
ence) bu (iil5); nion (["]); bumon; 
(section) bu ({JiO. 

all es (of the people), joge { J: 

~f) ; shimin ((mR) tomo jii. 

.belongs to the which 

pays 5% duty, gobu zei no Im ni 

zoku shite oru. 

first (of a school), dai-ikkyu. 

first (railway), joto (±^); 

aid (—Iff) ; second , chfUo (tp 

^); nitd(rL^); third , koto 

(Tmi santd(^m. 


[ m ] 


the lo-wrer es, kata-shaktcai 

the middle es, chi'dd-sfiakirai 

{ 4" ^*fc'& ) ; <^h iiryu-shakica i ( if> jjg 

the upper es, joio-shakicai 

{±^it^); jot-yu-shakwai (Ji^ifc 

Class, t.v. nofbuwake s; uo/ruibetsu 
(^W s; nijtokyu (^fe) wo tsuke-ru. 

Classical language, fjagen (fj| 


Classics, n. (Chinese) keisho (^H) ; 
shisho-gokyo (H^Eiffi); keiten (iffi 
H) ; koten (ifi-A). 

study of the Greek , Glrlsha 

»!0 kohungaku {'fi'i^)' 

Classification, n. mWetsn (j^SiJ); 

of land, jimoA-M (JftH). 

Classify, t.v. hvnrui s; irui s: no/ 
buicake vco s ; nojkyil [fR) ico icake-ru ; 
wojruibetsu s. 

Clatter, n. (of dishes, etc.) gacha- 
gacha sum oto ; (of geta) karan-koron 
auru oto ; (of voices) pem-pwa shaberu 

Clatter, i.v, gata-gata s ; gacha-gacha 

Clause, n. (article) kajo (®f^); (of 
composition) ku (^); (subheading, 
one sentence of an article) ko (^). 

s,wko m^). 

most favoured nation , sai- 

ktikoku-jokican (^BS^^>- 

penal s, bassoku ( |g ftlj ) [Civ. 


second of Art. I, dal-ic.h>jo 


Clavicle, n. sakotsu 

Claw, n. tsume; (hooked) kagi4suvie. 

Claw, t.v. icojtsinne de kaku ; hxk- 

to hide one's s (fig.), neko tco 


Clay, n. neba-tsiichi ; hena-tsuchi. 
red , aka-tsuchi. 

Cleau, a. kirei (^K) na; sappari 
shita ; seijo (^i^) na ; seiketsu (^ 

iS) na ; (free from moral defilement) 
keppaku (JUQ) na; renketsu (^dg) 
na; (moral) dotoku (ig^) na. 

a shirt, kirei na shatsit. 

to make a breast of, iro/ 


Clean, t.v. fctrei (]^g) ni s ; kiyome- 
j-u ; nojaka ico olosii ; (a room) tco/ 
■^oji (jg^) s ; icojseiketsu (^^) ni s ; 
(dust) no/gomi tco harau ; no/gomi ico 

Cleaning, n. soji; (act of) equiv. of 
Clean foil, by koto; (sanitary) sei- 

ketsuho (rSitrS). 

g^eneral , susu-haki; osoji; 


Cleanliness, n. seiketsu (fniS) J *«*- 
jo (fnrf ) ; (of morals) keppaku (jgg ); 
renketsu ; dotoku. 

Cleanly, a. (of body) seiketsu na; (of 
morahi) keppaku {^:^)na; renJcetsu 

Cleanse, t.v. v. Clean. 

Clean-shaven, n. kirei ni sotia; 
(wearing no beard) hige no nai. 

Clear, a. (manifest) akirakana; (of 
print) azayaka na ; hakkiri shita ; 
semmei (t^^) na; (of the voice) 
saeta; hakkiri shita; (of water) 
sunda ; (of weather) uraraka na ; sei- 
'■*> (fnBfl)'««; (perspicuous) meihaku 
(VIS ) na ; bummyb (^fl^) na ; ineiryb 
(•Wllfif) na; hakkiri shita; (trans- 
parent) tomei (^I}^) na; sukitotta; 

weather, seiten (B||5^). 

it is not ,fumei {yf.^ de aru. 

to be , sae-m [of the voice]. 

Clear, adv. sukkari ; nokoradzu. 

Clear, t.v. (clarify) sumasu ; (free 
from anything noxious) tori-saru ; 
nozoki-saru ; (free from obstructions) 

to be ed (of suspicious, etc.), 

hyokai (/JcW) * / toke-ru- 

to a fence, hei tco tobikoeni. 

to a place (of people), hito- 

harai ico s. 

to a ship, shukko ({i]}^) no 

tekadzu, or ielsudzuki, tco s. 


t ii9 ] 


to away, (an encumbrance) 

iori-harau ; (as, biiildings) tori- 

harau ; (by burning), yaki-harau ; 

(dirt, etc.) tori-noku ; (dishes) 


to away rubbish, qomi ico 

■•^oji mm) ^■ 

to expenses, shushi (45(^) 

ai-tswjunou ; tsiiku-tsuku ippai ni 
nam ; sontoku (tftlf) nnshl ni 

to from a charge of crime, 

muzai (|nip|) to handan (^Jglf) .s-. 

to land, jbnen (JtJiM) ico 

hiraku, or kaihotsu (^|^) .s' ; lochi 
(±t8l) ICO kaitaku (Mi6) «• 

to off (a mortgage), «/ce- 


to off debts, slmkkin (fg^) 

wo kaisal (■g'^) s ; fusai (HK) ^o 
shokyaku (f^^) s. 

to one's reputation, mi no 

akari ico tateru. 

to the country of (bandits, 

etc.), vcojsotd (}§^) s ; ico/sojo 

mm) s. 

to the ocean of pirates, 

kaijo (i$±.) kara kaizoku (jj|^) 
vco nozoki-saru. 

to the road, michi ico Jdraku. 

to the throat, seki-harai 

wo a. 

to up (a point), meiryo (M?^) 

ni s ; meihaku (5^fl) ni s. 

Clear, i.v. (of a ship) shukko-tetw 
dzuki ico sumase-ru ; (quit port) 
shukko (m?^) s ; (of weather) hare-ru ; 

the weather has ed, seiten 

(ff ^) ni natta. 

to out of (vacate), icolhiki- 


Clearance, n. (of a ship) shukko 


fee, shukkb-iesuryb ({tij§#- 


permit, shukko-nmm (JiiHS 


sale, inikiri-ari. 

<'lear-cut, a. (of a face) kippari 
shita ; ririsJdi. 

Clcar-lieacled, a moicM m^) nn ; 
snmfii (^.lU]) nn. 

Clearing', n. kucid (^tft) ; akichi. 

Clear ill jf-house, n. ginko-kokwan- 
jo (iifT^Mrr). 

Clearly, adv. akiraka ni ; li/jki-Iutki 

to ; meiryo (^|§{) ni ; bummyo (5^^) 
ni ; icakari yoku ; kenzen (Mf.^') to 

Clearness, n. (of the skin) kiyoi 
koto ; seijb (vnJ^) ! (o^ the sky) hareta 
koto ; .stiro (11^53); (perspicuity) mei- 
ryo mm- 

Clear-sighted, a. (discerning) mei- 
satsu (lyjl^) Tia; keigan (gRR) 'w* I 
(lit.) me no yolcu kilcu. 

Cleat, n. son (^) ; osae-gi ; (on gang- 
board) fami-ki. 

Cleave, t.v. saku ; icaru. 

Cleave, i.v. icuttsukn. 

Cleaver, n. (a knife) daihocko (/Cj^ 
T) ; ioto (giJTJ). 

Clef, n. ompu-kigo (ff^|B|!J!)- 

Cleft, n. icare-me ; sake-me. 

Clematis, n. senninso (;^^) ; (c. 
florida var.) tessen (®fllj) ; (c pateris) 


Clemency, n. kwandai (%-k); 
kicanjin (^t) • kwanyo (^^) ; (of 
weather) omca (JSIfl). 

Clement, a. kwandai C^i^) na; 
kwanjin na ; kwanyo na ; (of weather) 
onwa na ; odayaka na ', nodoka na. 

Clemently, adv. kicandni ni ; Jcican- 
iin ni ; kwanyo ni. 

Clench, t.v. to the fist, 

kohushi wo nigiru; genko (*flBg) 
wo nigiru ; genkofsn (^-H") "^« 

to the teeth, ha iro Jaii- 


V. also Clinch. 

Clerical, a error, fade no aya- 

mnri ; ji no ayamari ; goji (|!ft^) ; 
moji no mxichigai. 
work, kakimono. 

(.^U'rgy, n. seisthoku ($.|S£). 


[ 15J ] 


Clergyman, n. (Bucldliist) oshd (?n 
^) ; (Christian missionary) aenhyo- 
ski (taHtfiifi) ; (Christian i^astor) 
bokushi (ijifiip) ; (Christian preacher) 
dendoshi (j^iEfiip)- 

Clerk, n. (merchant's) tedai ; cho- 
tsuke ; (official) shojci [the official 
title is zokkican (S'b) ]. 

of the Court, snihanjoshoki 

mnmim) [Cr. Pro., Civ. Pro]. 

head (native), baiiio (tSBIl)- 

office of the s of a Court 

(of law), shokikica (ggBEiR)- 

Clever, a. rilco (ifPP) na; binsho 
(^M) na ; reiri (t^^) na ; ki «o 
kiita ; soinel (IfefV]) «'' ; eibin (f^<^) 
na; (of actions) judza (±.^-) »ia ; 
jo«ai (iuiyj') nai ; ialcumi 7vi. 

person, kosha {:^^) : (with 

the hand) tegosha ; myoshu {^^). 

Cleverly, adv. rlko ni ; hvisho ni ; 
eibin ni ; jodzu ni ; josainaku ; faAt*- 
mi nt. 

Cleverness, n. riko ; reiri ; binsho ; 
eibin ; somd ; (of actions) joctet na 
koto ; iosainai koto ; takumi Jia /lO/o. 

Click, i.v. kachiri to nam. 

Click, n. to shut with a (t.v.), 

kachiri to shlmeru. 

Client, n. (dependent) irainin (ft$3 
A) ; (law) sosho-irainin (g^lSfife® A)- 

Clientele, n. tanomite. 

that doctor has a large , 

ano isha (S#) ni kakaru hito (ja 
bi ; anx) isha ica byoka (^5^) 
ga oi. 

Cliff, n. gake ; zeppeki 
tatta kishi. 

I); klri- 

Cliinate, n. kikd {M.W ; /"<^» (E±)- 

Cliniateric, a. kikd no. 

('liniax, n. (the greatest degree) ciiojo 

(^t); kivamari; kyok-udo (1^1^) ; 

saikoten (§iggi) ; Icyokuten (Sli) ; 

zetcho (|gJ5) ; (rhetoric) zenso (jfj^)-. 
Climb, i.T. nohoi-u; (motuit up) 

agaru ; (with diffictdty) yoji-noboru ; 


Climb, t.v, ni/nohoru ; (with difficul- 
ty) ni/yoji-noboni ; nijhai-agaru. 

Climb, n. tozan (^]h)- 

Climber, n. (class of plants) kadzii- 
ra-mono ; tsttrtt-mono ; (of a moun- 
tain) nohorH-hito : nohori-te ; tozmisha 

Climbing', n. mountain , yama 

e noboru koto. 

Clincb, t.v. (a nail) nolsaki ico mage- 
111. ; (tighten) shime-iii. 

to an argument, ronkyo 

(twSJ) w^o tashika ni s. 

Cling-, t.v. (embrace, hold fast to) 
7iildaki-tsuk-u ; ni/sugari-tsrtku ; ni) 
tori-tsuku ; ni/shigami-isuku ; ni/ 
tsiiramaru ; (stick to) nilkutlsiik-u ; 
ni/fuchaku (PfJ^) ft ; (to a prejudice) 

to round, ni/matou; ni/ 

matoi-tsuku ', nijmatsuxcani. 

Clinical, a. rinshojo (|IS£ftc±) no , 
byosfio (^fjc) no ; rinsho no. 

thermometer, keii-onki (i™ 

Clinically, adv. rinshojo (ESf{c±) de. 

Clink, t.v. narasu ; hibikasu ; chirin- 
chirin to narasu ; gacha-gacha 

Clink, iv. chirin-chirin to nam ; 
gacha-gacha nam. 

Clink, n. chirin-chirin to nam oto. 

Clinker-built, a. kaicara-buki no 
yd ni koshiraeta. 

Clinker, n. hai-kasti. 

Clip, t.v. hasami-kiru ; tsunvt ; (of 
liair) icaru. 

Clip, n. hasami. 

Clipper, n. (vessel) hayabune. 

s (scissors), hasami. 

hair-dresser's s, barikau 

[from Bariqtiand, name of French 

Clipping-, n. (extract) basstti (S^). 
Clique, n. nakama ; hoid 
idha (mf&). 


[ 151 ] CLO 

Cloak, n. gicaito (^Y^); tomU; (for 
rain) kappa ; (ladies) uxcarji ; (pre- 
text) fcoji^sw (PK); kyotaka (0tt) ; 

long (worn by Japanese 

women), adzuma-koto. 

Cloak, t.v. kakusu. 

Cloak-room, (at hotel, etc.) gicalto- 
shiisu ; (at railway station) {ryo- 
kaku)-keitaihin-adzukejo {W.^^^ aa 

CJloaking'S, n. mompa. 

Clock, n. iokei (U$|t)- 

alarm , mezamashi-dokei. 

table , oki-dokei. 

wall , kake-dokei ; hashira- 

Clock-maker, n. tokeishi ; iokeiya. 
Clock-tower, n. tokel-dai. 
Clock-work, n. karakuri ; zemmai- 
jikake ; iokei-jikake. 

a figure, tokei-jikake no 

ningyo (A^^)- 
Clort, n. kalamari ; (of earth) tstichi- 
k-ure ydokicai (iJ^). 

Clocl-liopper, n.' inakamono ; do- 
byakusho ; nmlcudori [vulg.]. 

Clog', n. (impediment) jamffl ; jama na 
mono ; sho(jaibutsu (^^4^) ; (kind 
of shoe) geta ; kakko [child's word] ; 
(tiod to an animal) amori. 

[Different kinds of s (shoe) are 

komagela, ashida, hiyori-geta, ic/io- 
ha, etc.]. 

(ylog", t.y. fusaloi ; shogai s. 
to be ged, fsumfint. 

Cloison, n. suji. ' 
Cloisonne, n. shlppb-yaki {■\::9M)- 
without cloisons, mxisen- 

jippo (Mia-t¥e). 

Close, a. chikai ; (intimate) atsui ; 

shimmitsu (^^) na ; (of a bedroom) 

ne-gxisai ; (of a room) i-gusai ; (of 
, texture) me no tsumatta ; me no 

komakai; (of the air) mushi-atsui ; 

(parsimonious) tsumashli ; kechi na ; 

rbishoku (§ej) "^ ! fihhcnmho (^^ 
■ ■ 3^}) na ^ (reticent) mu-Jcuchi na; 
■chimnoku (J*Jt5?^) na. 

a friend, sldn-yil (^j^). 

a strug'g'le, gdbu-gdhu na 

kyoso (]^$). 

a translation, chokvyaktt 

J connection (between events), 

missetsu {^^) no kwankei (M%)- 

order (mil.), heishuku (Pfl^). 

season, kinryoki (^WM). 

to the Custom House, 

zeikican (^^) no jiki kinjo ((Sffi 
Pfr) ni. 

to the feet, ashimoio ni. 

to the pillow, makura- 

moto ni. 

follow behind me, wata- 

krishi no ato ni kuttsuite ki na. 

place it to the wall, kabe 

jii piitari to kuttsukete oke. 

to be (stuffy), ki ga komoru ; 

mutto s. 

to be at hand, (lit.) te-jika 

ni ai^ ; (of a term) sashi-tsumani ; 
seppaJcu (-^JiQ) s. 

to draw to (t.v.), hiki- 


to keep in confinement, 

misshi{.su (^^) ni kankin (Si^) f. 

to place to, ni/kiittstike'e 


Close, t.v. shinie-ru ; tozasu ; iojiru ; 
fusagu ; (a letter) fuji-ru ; (business, 
etc.) heisa (^^) 5 ; (complete, finish) 
joju (ji^St) •'' ; (end up) musubu. 

to be d, (of a country) sakoku 

OHM) 'li nam; (of a door) tatte 
oru ; (of an affair) matomarv. ; 
rakuchaku (^^) s ; kotodzumi ni 
nam; kyoku (^) ico mnsubu; (of 
a school) tca]yasumi da ; (of a 
shop, for a hoUday) kyugyo (f^^) 
s ; (of ports) sako (tSJ^) ni nara ; 
(of the mouth) fusagaru ; (perma- 
nently, of a shop, etc.) Aei'.va 

mm) s. 

to accounts, kanjd ({01I/e) ""o 

ffumasu ; sei-san (fi§%) s. 

to a meeting:, heikicai [^\ 

-9 ) •*• 

to an affair, jiken (J^ft-) wo 


to ...... the country, .takohi 

{mm «• 

to the eyes, me uo loji-ru; 

me woj^t.iagn. 


[ 152 1 


to the mouth (be silent), 

kuchi ICO miisuhu ; kuchi u-o fasngu. 
to ...... the ports, sakd (i^J^) s. 

to up, (a hole) fumgu ; (a 

room) taie-lciru ; shime-kmi. 

Close, i.v. (in fencing) io/lachi-au ; 
io/uchi-au ; (in wrestling) to/tori- 
kufnu ', (of a flower) shihomu ; (of an 
office) hikeru ; (of the day) kureru ; 
(of the mail) shime-kiri ni 7mni ; 
shime-kiru ; (susiiend business, for 
a holiday) kynr/yo (f^^) s. 

right ! (mil.) migi 7ii isume., n. (ending) shimai ; mcari ; 
sue ; shfihi (it*^) ; (of an aflfair) 
kef/niviatsii (l^^C) ; shukyoku (J*^) \ 
(of a sitting, or session) heikicai 
(PH^) ; (of tlie theatre) hane ; kahurl. 

CJlose, adv. (densely) kataku ; tnitsii 
ni ; hissliiri to ', missetmi (^^) 
shile ; (nejirly) chikak-ti ; mnjikakn ; 
piliari to. 

at hand, ie-jikaku. 

Closed, p.p. and a. shlmekiri no. 

carriage, hako-hasha. 

to traffic, orai-dome ni nalia. 

Close-flsted, a. v. Close (a). 

Closeness, n. (of a room) mntto .mm 
koto ; ki rja komoru koto. 

<]Jloset, n. (cupboard) todana ; o.-i}n-iii. 

water , henjo (^fiff) ; kaim- 

ya ; setchin (S|S) ; sefsum (SW.) J 
habakari [the last u.sed only by 

Closing:, n. (act of) equiv. of Close 

(t. and i.v.) foil, by koto ; (ceremony) 

Jieikwai-shiki (Pfl#5^). 
Closing-time, n. (at P. O.) .■ihime- 

hiri-jikan ; (at school, barracks, etc.) 

monfjen (P5I?R)- 
Closure, n. (of parliament) tbrcni- 

.shfikelsu itirnVk'^) ', toron-shukyoJcu 

Clot, n. katamari ; gyoketsu ('^^i) ; 
gybkwai (^-J^). 

a ofblood, gyoketsu (^ifiL). 

Cloth, n, kire ; nuno ; ori-mono. 

bleached cotton , sarash i ; 


measure, ImjirajakM. 

cotton , momen. 

emery , yasurl-nuno. 

Italian , *. 

saddle , kura-kakt. 

table , tehum-kake. 

woollen , rasha. 

Clotlie, t.v. nilkbnono ico kise-ru. i 

to be d in, ico/kite om ; too/ 

chakuyo (^/fl) s ; (of trousers) 
■>i:olt.stikcte orit ; tcojugaisu. 

to be d with (fig.), wolM-ru. 

to with (fig), ni v-o 

makase-ni ; hi loo ataeru. 

Clothes, n. kimono ; ifuku (3(.Wi.) ', 
/«/.-!< m); isho (^Sl) ; irui (jKM) ; 
be-be [child's word] ; (given to u 
servant at New Year, etc.) shikise ; 
(jwlite) meshimono. 

hed iVagui^M:)- 

dress , embifuhM ( i^MBR) i 

reifuku {mm). 

foreign (i.e. European), yb- 

.fukn (mR)- 

holiday , haregi ; yosooilri. 

mourning , mofuku (^Oli) 

old yfarugi. « 

old ' merchant, fumgi-ya ; 


plain (not uniform), shifuku 


plain constable, kahmsodc- 

^unsft ; heifukii-junsa (^flIl>W]|-"). 

Clothes-horse, n. iko (^tff)- 

Clothes-line, n. monohoshinaica. 
[The Japanese use a bamboo called 


Clothes-sii.spencler, n. emon- 

Clothing", n. ind (i^HS) ; ifuku 
mm); klrui mm); isho (^®); 

hifukti mm)- 

Clotted, a. kaiainatta ; gyoketsu 

(ftjife^) sUta. 
Cloud, n. kumo ; (fig., as of the 
political situation) /mm (JSl§). 

the shave begun to clear 

away, Icumo ga hare-kukatta. 

to be wrapped in s, tea] 

ichlmen (— ®) ni kumo ga kakattt 


<Jloud, i.v. kumoru. 

< IoikI, t.A-. kumorase-ru. 

to become ed (of the eye), 


a. kasa-giano tco 



Cloudy, a. kumotta. 

moon, ohorodzuki. 

weather, donten ( St^ ) ! 

utidshii ienki ; (in sjixing) hann- 

to become , laimoru ; kumofte 

kuru ; (of a liquid) nigoru. 


Cioiirtiness, n. wfcfci (Mm.) l 
wine) nigoite oi-u koto ; nigori. 

ClOUdJess, a. hardn ; 

Clout, u.z!'>ki,i (^ifjl). 

Clout, t.v. (strike) ttisH. 

to on the head, atainii wo 

Clove, n. chdji (T?)- 
Clovon-footed, a animal, 

Clover, n. lanagoyushi ; tsume-gusa. 

wh ite , oranda-renge ; shiro- 

ClOWU, n. dokekata ; iaikomochi ; 
hokan (^t^) ; kokkeisha (i#^#) ; 
(rnstic) inaka-mono ; j/ojui (!Bf A)- 

Ciowiiisli, a. husaho (*Sf^^) "'« ; 
sokotsu (ffl..^,) na. 

Clown islily, adv. tusa/w ni; sokotsu 

Clowuisliness, n. husaho ; sokotsu. 

Cloy, t.v. (glut) mampulcu (fi§K) s'lsr- 
ru ; (surfeit) hoshoku (^^) s. 

Club, n. (association) kurahu (i^^ 
gl^) ; (card) mitsuha ; (stick) hii (j^) ; 
komho (liSM') i (pilgrims') kosha (,^^ 
ii:) ; JMJn (sK*). 

president of a pilgrims' , 

sendaisu {^^). . \ 

Clul), t.v. to to death, hoku- 

■^f'tsa mm) s. 

Club-i'oot, II. snrikogi-asid ; chl- 
(ishi ; kamn-nshi 

[ 153_2^ OOA, n. hUcage no kadzur-r. 

Cluclf, i.v. kokko to naku. 

Clue, n. tegakari ; tancho (iZl^) ', ito- 
guchi ; atedo ; kokoro-atari [the last 
two signify greater chance of dis- 
covery] ; (trace) keiseki (^^a). 

Clump, n. (of bushes) yahu ; (of 
trees) mori. 

Cluin.sily, adv. Imkiyo (M-^fll) ni;' 
setsuretsu (|[1|^"') ni ; heta ni ; rodon 
ni; ma-nuke ni ; futeisai (^f§^) ni. 

Clumsiness, n. bukiyd ; setsuretsu ; 
rodon ; ma-nuke ; futeisai. 

Clumsy, a. (of persons) hukiyii na ; 
ma-nuke na ; rodon (®|$) na ; fu- 
teisai na ; (of shape) hulcalcl^o (^Sfn 
iff) na ; hnsaiku (lutlBlX) na. 
a fellow, bukotsu-rnoaii. 

Cluster, n. (of flowers) ichida (— ^) 
no hana ; (of fruit) fusa ; (of in- 
dividuals) hito-mure ; gunju (5^^)- 

large (of fruit), suzunari. 

star , seidan (^:^) ; seigun 

Cluster, i.v. (of persons, etc.) mura- 
datsu ; muragani ; gunju (g$^) s. 

Clutch, t.v. nigiru ; tsukamu. 
to tight, nigiri-tsume-ru. 

Clutcll, n. nigiri ; tsukami. 

Clyster, n. kicancho-zai (Jg^^). 

to give a , hrandiozai iro 


Coach, n. hasha (,B^$) ; (clo;-seable) 
hako-basha. ' 

Coachman, n. gyoslvi (%JM)- 

Coadjutor, n. hoska (fil)^') : >«/"' 

(HJU^) ; jorikisJia (Sif):f]^) ; tet.tudai- 

nin (^-r#A)- 
CoajfUlate, i.v. korl-kaiamaru ; 71/'^- 

keisu i'^li) s. ' , 

d blood, gyoketsu (jglfiL). 

Coagulation, u. gyoket.fu (i^^^M. 

Coal, n. sckitan. 

bituminous , yushifsu-.'ieki- 

tan mwam- 

dep6t, «efcitenfco (S/^B?) ; 


field, bai;kn(i^\[\). 


[ 154 ] 


mine, sekitanko (1^ ^%). 

smokeless , rmieii-sekitan (*tt 

Coal-lieaver, n. sekUan-katsutji. 
Coaliiigr-station, n.chotcmjo {^ih 

fff) ; selcilan-chochik-ujo (SN^ffr^iW)- 
Coalesce, i.v. kicaigo (^■^) s ; 

kdsu'jd (i^'g') s; rengo (i§-^) s; 

tooj/o (jK^) s ; gassuru. 

Coalescence, n. kwaigb ; ketsngo ; 

rengo ', icago. 

Coalition, n. v. Coalescence. 

government, rengo-naikakii 

Coal-scuttle, n. sekitan-ire ; seki- 

Coaining^s, n. sokorcm (iJtPlSS)- 
Coarse, a. arai ; arappoi ; (in make) 
sosei ()ffif!j) no ; sozo (ffiiS) no ; (in 
texture) ji no arai ; me no arai ', 
(rude) yaJd na ; somatsit (|B.5lC) na. 

food, soshoku (fil:^). 

language, kitanai kotoha. 

Coarsely, adv. (carelessly) zoiuai ni ; 

(rudely) smnatsu ni ; hnkotsu ni ; 

yahi ni ; (thickly) /u<o/c«. 
Coarseness, n. equiv. of Coarse 

foil. l)y koto. 
Coast, n. umibe ; hamahe ; kaigan (j^ 

^) ; kaUien (r§^) ", kaihin (J§tS)- 
artillery, kaigan-hohei {^^ 

battery, kaigan-hMai (^^ 


• defence, kaibo ( j$6§) ; kai- 

gan-bogyo (i^^^W- 

defence vessel, kaibokan 

line, kaigan (j^/f:). 

Coast, i.T. to along, kaigan ni 

sote hashiru ; kaigan ico )ioru. 

Coasting, n pilot, enkai- 


trade, enfcat-boefci [\'&\^%. 

vessel, enkai-kokosen (jiVvi^ 

^ff Jin) ; ji-inaicari-hune. 
Coat, n. (garment) uicagi. 

of arms, mon; mon-jirushi. 

of mail, kxisari-katabira. 

dress , embifuku (j^tM'M) ; 

reifuku (j^OIl)- 

frock , furokkxi-kbto. 

one (of paint), Mto-miri. 

over , gicaito (^h^). 

short (jacket), sefeiVo. 

the first (of paint), shit: 


the second , naka-nuri. 

the last , uvca-nuri; shiage. 

to turn one's (fig-)» heiiftetfui 

mm) s. ^ 

Coat, t.v. (cover) nijkise-ru; ou; n'lj 
kahuse-ru ; (with paint) ni/nuni. 

to with tin-foil, m/.9W2u- 

haku ico kise-ru. 

to with varnish, nilurushl 

tco num. 

Coated, p.p with, (metal) 

-Jcise no ; -biki no ; (paint) -nnrl 


with zinc, aen-biki no. 

Coatingf, n, (of metal) k-v^e ; (of 
paint, etc.) nuri. 

Coax, t.v. no/kigen (^jit) «co ioru ; ( i 
child) narhime-.fukasu. 

Cobalt, n. * ; gosu. 

oxide of , .sankica-kobm-uto. 

Cobble, t.v. zoiuai ni koshiraeru. 

Cobbler, n. kvtsii-naoshi. 

Cobble-stone, n. gorota-isld ; jari- 
ishl ; maru-ishi. 

Cobweb, n. Ammo no su. 

Coccyx, n. biryo-koisn (^^-h*) ; 

bitei-kotsu () 


Cochin-China, n. Annan (^f^) ; 
Kochi (^Kih). 

Cocliineal, n. ydko (jf iK). 

insect, eno'jri-nmsJd ; cnsJd- 

chu (iliSfl^^) ; gar'anchu (#[l^^). 

Cock, n. ondori; on; (of a gun) 
uchi-gane ; (of birds) osu ; on. 

and bull story, kicoto (^ 

fj^) na hanashi. 

fight, <5/c€i (iim). 

to fight s, tori no ke-ai tco 

saffe-r^i ; tori ico ke-atcase-ru. 


[ 155 ] 


Cock, t.v. (a fire-arm) no/uchi-gane 
wo age-ru ; (one's hat) yolco ni 

to the ears, mivii wo soha- 

date-ru ; kiki-mimi wo iate-ni. 

Cockcliafer, n. kogane-mushi. 

Coclc-crow, n. ichihan-dori nojlbun 
(BJ5^) ; keimei (^v^). 

Cocker, t.v. wo/shoai (^^) .« ; xco/ 
dekiai (j^^) s. 

Cockerel, n. ondoid no ko. 

Cockfig-hting-, n. tori no ke-ai ; 

keltd (Um)- 
Cockle, n. akagai ; kisugai. 
Cockle, i.v. (of paper) uku. 
Cockroach, n. ahura-mushi. 
Cock.SComb, n. (bot.) mieho ; keitd 

(i^5S) ; (*op) share-mono ; date-sha : 

(ot: a cook) tosaka. 

leafy , ha-geito. 

Cockspiir, n. kedzume ; (bot.) smi- 


Cocoaniit, n. yanhi no mi. 

oil, yashi no aburct. 

palm, yashi. 

Cocoon, n, mayxi ; kaiko [properly 
the silkworm] ; (of wild silkworm) 

doupion , iama-hinyu. 

pierced , degara. 

CofI, n. (gadus brandtii & minor) iara ; 
(g. chalcogrammns) svkerho-tara. 
rock , ainame. 

Co(l<', n. hoten ({£&). 

civil , mimjio (K^-). 

commercial , shbhb (^vi)- 

criminal , keiho (?fijj£). 

of civil procedure, mlnji- 

.soshbhd i^^mmi:)- 

of criminal procedure, 

keijl-soshohd { JfiJ R uH ii. r Ji )■ 

address, ryukugb (^^Ti). 

telegram, angd-denshin (H^ 

ilk^ia) Iwsed also to mean a 
cypher telegram]. 

Co-<lefen<lant, n. kyodo-hikoku (^ 

^m^) [Civ. Pro.]. 
Code-word, n. dempbfugb (1E^^ 

Cmlicil, n. (of a will) yuigonsho (Jg 
"a"g) no tmika (i^to)^ 

Codify, t.v, hensan (H^) s. 

Codliver-oil, n. kanyu (ffjtfl) ; <«»■« 
110 ahura. 

Coerce, t.v. kybhaku (#ifl)s; shii- 
ru ; kybsei (?Si|lJ) s. 

to into doing", mnri ni, or 

shiite, sase-ru. 

Coercion, n. kybhaku ; kybsei. 

Coercive, a. kybhaku no ; kybsei no ; 
kybseiteki (iSjIJA^) no. 

Coercively, adv. kybhaku ni ; kyb- 
ni ; kybseiteki ni. 

Coft'ee, n. kahe ; kbhi ; (Japanese, 
made with roast barley) hattai. 

Coffer, n. hitsu. 

Coffin, n. kwan (^) ; hitsugi ; haya- 
oke ; kwan-oke ', [the two latter are 
of tub shape] ; (in which the body is 
laid recumbent) negican. 

Cog, n, wa no ha. 

Cog'Cncy, n. chikara. 

Cogent, a, (of an ai^ument) yuryoku 

(%;^) 7io; (of a reason) yondokoro- 

Cogently, adv. yuryoku ni. 
Cogitate, i.v. fukaku kangacru ; 

chinshi ('/±^^) s ; jukkb (^#) s ; 

jukwyo (^J^) s ; jukushi (^^,S) * '■> 

shian (,S^) s. 
Cogitation, n. chinsid ; jukkb; sJii- 

an ; jukuryo ; jukushi. 

Cogitative, a. shisbryok-u (^J^f) 

Cognate, a. (of the same nature) 
dbrui (^M) no; ai-rui sum; dbshn 
([i?m)»o; (related by blood) kitsu- 
zoku (ifilj}^) no ; shinzoku no. 

Cognac, n. * ; burande. 

Cognizance, n. chishiki (^i^Si) ; 
mitome ; (judicial) nintei (gjxii). 

it came to my that he 

was absent from duty, karc 
v:a shokumu (|Si^) wo yn.iunile 


[ 156 ] OOL 

oita io in koto ga icaialaishi ni 

to take of, jun (^Sl) .9 [Civ. 


C«)jf-Avlieel, n. ha-guruma. 

Cohabit, i.v. (live tc^ether) dosei ([^ 
i^) s ; (of husband and ■wite)ffifu de 
icurasu ; fi'ifu-gurashi s ; (of man 
and woman) dokln ([^^) s ; tomo-7ie 
s ; fi'ifu no yo ni hiiotsu ie ni svmn. 

Cohabitation, n. /afu-gurashi ; 
dohin ; dosei ; tomone. 

Co-heir- n. kyodo-sozokiinin (^^iJrQ 


Cohere, i.v. miuhciku (ftj^) s; 
nehat.iuku ; hitts^fku ; kidlsuJcu. 

Coherency, n. (connection) ren- 
zohru (i$^). 

Coherent, a. (consistent) /*iyt- 
tsrima 710 au ; renzoku sum ; ren- 
rahn (fiUlS) iu) yokii Istiiia ; ai- 

a discourse, tsuji-lsuma no 

atta ron (f^). 

Coherently, adv. renzoku shite ; 
renraku yoku tsuiie ; ai-tsuranatie. 

Cohesion, n. (connection) renzofcu ; 
renraku ; (physics) gydshi'iryoku (ig| 
51^) : (sticldng tc^ether) nenrhaku 

(ttW) ; Mhaku mm)- 

Cohesive, a. nenchakuryok^i no aru. 

power, nenchalntryokti (fjji^ 

^) ; gyoshuryokn. 

Coift'nre, n. yuikafa. 

Coil, n. (of a snake) (hehi no) 

of rope, tsfuna no ira ; fsmia 

710 taga. 

to arrange in a , ^ra ni s. 

Coil, t.v. ica ni s. 

to round, nijmakitsuke-ru. 

Coil, i.v. (of a snake) toguro ko makii. 

to round (an object, of a 

snake), ni'7naki-tsuk)t. 

Coin, n. kicahei (KSI) ; (f^ dis- 
tinguished from paper cturency) 
shokica (iEg:). 
copper , dosen (^IS) : doktra 

counterfeit , nise-kin ; gizo- 

kicahei (tSiSK^) ! ganzo-kicahei 

cnm^m) -, gankin (5i^). 

gold , kinkica (^K). 

silver , gi7ikira {^^) ; 

(wedge) kusahl. 

to pay a man back in his 

own , hito jii sMppei gueshi 

ICO s. 

Coin, t.v. chitzd (^ia) s ; im ; fukii. 

Coinage, n. chtlzo (^i§) ; (ciurency) 
kirah'i (^^) ; isiiyo-kingin (^fflfe 

discount on , ftik-i-beri. 

Coincide, i.v. (with, ni)au ; (with, 
io) ftcjo {^1}'^) s ; togo (Sc^) s ; (ac- 
cidentally) ango (V§^) s ; (be con- 
temporaneous) ica]doji (1^1^) ni 
okorii ; (math.) itchi (— S) •«. 

Coincidence, n. (concurrence of 
events) /M30; a7igo; (math.) tWij. 
a mere ,/«i C^M) 710 koto. 

Coincident, a. eqviiv. of Coincide 
used as adj. 

Coincidently, ady.fugo shite ; an- 
go shite ; itchi shite : (contemporane- 
ously) doji ni. 

Coiner, n. (counterfeit) gizokualiei- 
rhi'adsha (©iSK^^iS^) • nisegane- 

Coition, n. kosetsu (^!j^) ; kdgd (^ 
^) ; tsugau koto. 

Coke, n. kokusu ; gaitan (ff^^). 
Colander, n. suino (^S). 
Cold, n. samusa ; kanki (5^^) ; rei- 
ki (J'^^) ; kanrei (l^^^) ; (catarrh) 
kaze: ka7nlMl (,^i); fujn {MM)' 

subject to catching , kaze- 


the demon of s is upon us, 

kaze no kami ga hairu [common 

Japanese expression]. 

to catch , kaze tco hiku. 

Cold, a (indifferent) reiian {^^) na ; 
(of bodies) tsumetai ; hieta ; (of 
weather) samui ; hiyayaka na ; kan- 
ki na ; kanrei 7ia ; reiki na. 
sake, h'tynznkc. 



[ 157 ] 


water, midzu ; reisui (?^7K) ; 

hiya-mvhu ; hbia [the last used by 

I feel a little , chiito t-amukc 

ga s. 

in blood, heild (^M.) f'e : 

muzan (M^) ni. 

to be (of weather), hieru. 

to feel , hiyatsxiku ; samui. 

to grow , hk-iii ; (fig.) 7-(ltan 

ni nam ; mvjo (tofn) "' nam.. 

to leave out in the , troj 

reUju (f^®) s. 

Colrt-blOOCled, u. rnketsu (l^jfSL) 
na ; (fig.) zannin (f^^.) na ; muzan 
(M^) '«'< ; zanJeoku (^fiS) 'W. 

animals, reiketsu-dohutsu 

Colrt-licartcd, a. haknjd (^fn) «« ; 
mujd (^f'g) na ; wisakenai ; reitan 

Coldly, adv. (with indifference) rei- 
tan ni ; nasakc naku. 
Coldness, n. (indifference) reitan ; 
mujo ; (of temperature) samusa ; 
kanki ; reiki ; kanrei. 

to treat with , reitan ni tori- 

ats\ikau ; rel'ju (J'^iS) *• 
Colic, n. sentsCi (W[M) ; fukmisti (^ 
^) ; hara-iiami. 

Co-litij?ants, n. kifddd-soshonin (i^ 
mM'^K) ICiv. Pro.']. 

Collaborate, i.v. to with, to/ 

gosakn (^fp)s; tojgassaku (^ 


Collaborator, u. fjosakusJui (^fp 

^) ; gassalcusha (^f^#). 
Collaboration, n. <jassaku ; go- 
this book was translated by 

A in with B, kore ua ko 

(F|l) tit otsu (2.) no kyoyakn (^t|f) 

Collap-SO, n. (fig.) grcakai (iCI'if) ; 
doho-gtrakai (±.^^KM) \ (med.) sei- 
ri/oku-rhinsui C^^iy/'fcii) I kyodatsu 
(iSflJt) ; (of a building) hokitai ()^§|) ; 
(of a plan, etc.) shippai (^flJc). 

Collapse, i.v. (fig.) gicakai s ; doho- 
gicakai s ; (of a building) Jcudzure-m ; 
hokirni s ; (of a plan) shippai s. 

Collar, n. eri ; kara. 

dog's , Jmhiwa. 

high party, haikara-to. 

stand-up , tacki-gara. 

turn-down , nijil-kara. 

w^hite (mark on a bear's 

throat), tsnki no tea. 

Collar-bone, n. sak^tsu (^-g*). 

Collate, t.v. yomi-atcaseru ; iaisho 
mm) s; kybgo (|^^) s; (collect) 
soroeru ; seiton (^|3) s. 

Collateral, a. (subordinate) fudzui 

mm.) no. 

family, bitnke (^^) ; sJd- 

shin (^W- 

relatives, bokeishin (^^1^) 

[Civ. Co.]. 

security, fuka-teito (Pft/inJS 


Collation, n. (act of collating) 

equiv. of Collate foU. by koto ; (of 

facts) taisho (ft.13) \ (repast) shoen 

i^h-^) 'j ko-zakamori, 

a stand-up , risshoku [it'^)' 

Collator, n. iaishosha (^jW^). 

Colleague, n. doryo ((^j|f) ; doyaku 

Collect, t.v. aisumc-ru ; (a debt) tori- 
tate-ru [Com. Co., Civ. Co.] ; (by call- 
ing) yoln-atsume-i-u ; sh5shu (S-J6) s ; 
(by purchase) kai-atsumeru ; (facts) 
.thfishu (^'^i) s ; mora (Jijffi) s ; (for 
keejnng) tanie-m ; (into one body) 
hito-maiome ni s. 

ed speeches, emzetsushu (^fSt 


to one's self, ochi-tsukti. 

to taxes, shfizei (iftfft) s; 


Collect, i.v. at-iumaru ; fukuso (|®fi|) 
s ; takam [vulg.] ; (of dust) tamam. 

Collect, n. (prayer) tokxUo (^SJJi). 

Collected, a. ochi-tsuita ; jijaku (^ 
^) to shita; heiki (Vfl) n« ; taizrn 
(^^B) to shita. 

Collectedly,' adv. ochi-tsuite ; jijak>i 
to .shite ; heUci ni ; taizen to .fhite. 


[ 158 


Collection, n. (act of) eqtiiv. of 
Collect foil, by koto ; (of animals) 
otsuman ; mure ; muragari ; (of 
money) gienkin (^^<^); (of persons) 
kicaishu ("^ft) ; (of i)oems, etc.) -sJm 
(^) ; (of taxes) chdshii (giJft). 

complete (as, of laws, in 

iiUes of books), daizen (;^|^). 

Collective, a noun, shilgo- 

meishi (^^^13). 

Collectively, adv, aicasete ; sttbeie ; 
si/tai (ISff ) lie ; gasshiie. 

Collector, n. (of art objects) kodzuka 
(Jf-lpS^); bijutsiika (mmf^) [should 
really be applied only to artist him- 
self] ; (of bills) kaketori ; shukinsha 
( ^■^^) ; (of taxes) shfaeikican (Jft^ 


Collejfe, n. daigaku ; daigakko (}*c^ 


of engineering", kokica-dai- 

galai (I#;^^). 

of law, hokica -daigaku (^^ 

of literature, hurikwa-dai- 

gaku (^P^:km. 

of medicine, ikiradaignliru 

of science, rikrca-daignku 

Colle-vegretale, n. kanien (l^?c)- 
Collier, n. sek'Uanliori ; tankofu (^ 

Collide, i.v. (with, ni, or to) tsuki- 
ataru ; sftoiotsu (1B5^) s ; (fig.) tei- 
shoku (^S) s ; ai-han s ; shototxu s. 

Colliery* n. tanko (^Jg). 
Collision, n, shototsu (jfi^) ; (fig.) 
shoiotsu ; teishoku. 

Colloquial, a langruage, zoku- 

go (f&l5) ; zokutca (^m. 
Colloquialism, n. zokuwa ; zokugo. 
Colloquy, n. ktcaiica (^IS) ; tahca 

Collusiou, n. nare-ai; kyobo {^^) 
[Civ. Pro.]. 

to act in , nare-ai de koto tco 

s ; tojisuji-ru. 

to be in , jia7-e-aM. 

me-gusuri ; /e)igra7i.9wi 
); ( 

X!ollyriuin, n 


Colon, n. * ; jutcn 
ketcho (^m)- 

ascending , joko-ketcho ( Jifr 

Colonel, n. rik-ugfAn-taisii (^i/^ife) 
[with the name] ; taisn [after the 
name] ; (of a cavalry regiment) 
kihei-talsa (Igf^^fe) I (^^ artillery) 
hohei-taisa (fiS^^^). 

lieutenant , chusa (tjjfe). 

surgeon , itfo gun-i-sei (— 1^5 


surgeon-lieutenant , nito- 

gun-i-sei (-^-^^JE). 

Colonial, a. .ihokuminchi (fjgKJfl) 
no; zoL-^idit {^fii)no; shoki.iminteki 
OifiRll^J) no. 

government, (in Formosa) 

soiokufu {^,'^Hf) ; (in foreign 
countries) seicho (^|@). 

office, (in Japan, formerly) 

takushokunmsho (JfiJifiS-^) ; (in 
other countries) shokiiminshd (^K 

Colonist, n. shokumin ()ilK) ; ijfanin 

Colonization, n. kait^tkn (B3|fi); 

kaikon (mm)- 

Colonize, t.v. kaikons; kaitakus 
ni,'shokumin s. 

Colony, n. (country colonized) shoku- 
riniirhi ; zokuchi. 

Minister for tlie s, (in 

Japan) iakusJiokumu-daljin (|5^ 
^:kfl) [oflice no longer exists] ; 
(in other countries) shokumu-daijin. 

ColOSSians, n. (epistle) Korosai-sho. 

Colour, n. iro ; (of dyed materials) 
some-iro; (of painting.s) snisJnki {'^ 


8, (paints) enogu; (of paint- 
ings) saishiki (S^g.) ; chaktishoku 


of age (on act objects), furu- 

mi ; koshoku (fi"£). 

guard of the s, gunki-^joeUai 


Imperial a, ktcoki {^^). 

regimental s, gunki (^SJt);_ 



[ 15'J ] 


royal s, oki (EE;^). 

saluting the s, gunki-keirei 

to change , kao-iro vco kae-ru. 

to salute the s, gunki ni 

keirel s. 

troops serving with the s, 

johihel {-^,m^). 

Colour, t.v. irodoru ; nijiro ico tsuke- 
ru ; saishiki (^£) s ; ehakushoku 

mm s. 

Colour-blindness, n. shVc'mo (^ 

Coloured, a. Iro-dotta ; saisJdki no ; 
also expr. by iro- prefixed to the 
noian ; as, 

shirtings, iro-ganakin. 

Colouring-, n. (of paintings) sai- 
shiki ; irodori ; (colour-scheme of a 
picture) iro-ai. 

Colourless, a. mushoku (Mg) no; 
(fig.) mumi (to^) na. 

and transparent, mnshoku- 

tomei (MCliSW) no. 
Colour-print, n. nishiki-e. 

Colour-printed, a. saishiki-dzuH 

Colporteur, n. koshimin (fft^A). 

Colt, n. koma. 

Columbine, n. (aqnilegia) odamaki. 

Colunui, n. (mil.) ji'iretsu (fiS^J) ; 
jfd'ii (fiJclil?)' (of a book or newspaper) 
rat) (fi«|) ; (pillar) maru-hashira ; en- 
i-hu ([iijy-i ; (printing) a.n. dan (p5). 

close , heigb-jidai (^^i^^). 

formation, jfUai-taiji (^^ 


company , ckutai-jfdai (4"^ 

Hying , hdsuddtai (MMM)- 

in our literary , bungaku- 

rannai (X^Hf^) ni. 

section , shotai-jutai (/J^S^fiS 


single (naval formation), 

tanretsu-jfijin ( F|l^'ljfi35[i^). 

to wheel into , jrdai (fij^^) 

ni senkicai (J^pil) .v. ^ 

Coma, n. konsni (f?a$). 

Comatose, a. to be in a state, 

konsui (^M) shiie oru. 

Comb, n. ku.'shi ; (cock's) tosaka ; 
(insect's nest) su ; (worn as an orna- 
ment) .sashi-gushi. 

fine-toothed , suki-gu.shi. 

honey , hcwhi no su; mitsu- 


tortoise-shell , hekko (^tp) 

710 kushi. 

Comb, t.v. nljkushi ico ire-ru ; ni/ 
kushi ICO ate-ni ; kushi de kaku ; (long 
hair) tokasu. 

to smooth, kushi de nade- 


to out, suku ; tokasu. 

Comb-maker, n. kushiya. 
Combat, n. (battle) tatakai ; koseii 
{^W ; -^en.w (HJ^) ; (conflict) toso 


Combat, t.v. tojtatakau ; tojarasou ; 

nijteiko (igta) « ; (a^ argument) nij 

hantai (SM) *• 
Combatant, n. tatakau kilo ; (as 

dist. from non-combatant) senioin (?g 


s, (of two armies) teki-inikata 

no lyogun (^?); (of two or mon», 

persons) sotosha (#^^')- 

Combative, a. kenkwadziUci ni ; 

saisuhatsu (UtJt) na ; kenkwappagai 


Combination, n. (chem.) ica;/a (fii 

-g-) ; hdqo (^'g') ; (of jiersons) keisu- 

r/'5 (^^-g-); doimi m^)\ f<-yodo (tt 

15]); gappei (^f^) ; rengo (MU); 

itchi (— iS:) ; (of things) ketstigo ; 

itchi ; (math.) hensuho {^9ktk)- 
Combine, t.v. aicase-ru ; issho (— /"/r) 

7ii s ; gappei (^^) s. 
Combine, i.v. issho ni naru ; gassu- 

ru ; (chem.) wago s ; hogo s ; (form 

an association) danketsu (^i,i) s; 

(of persons) (with, to) ketsugo s ; do- 

mei s; meiyaku (ffl[|^j) s; gappei s ; 

xjcdgo s ; (of things) ketsugo s. 
Combustible, n. nenshitsuhutsu (S 

iWl) ' kanemhutsu {ui^Wl- 
Combustible, a. kanenshitsu (^j*J^ 

1^) no; (inflammable) moe-yasui ; 

moe no ii ; hitsxdd no hayai. 


[ 160 ] COM 

iCoillC, i.v. h-uni ; [s3'n. yit'iiru, suisan 
(Ift"?) ^ ; -finjo (■§±.) s, and sauji- 
viasa are iiseil of one's self in si^eak- 
ing to an equal or superior ; o We 
nasai-v, o ide ni nam, irasshant, of 
the person addressed if an equal or 
sTijierior ; mieru of a third person, 
one's sni>erior ; makari-<le-ni is a 
term of humility used of one's own 
coming] ; (to another's house) agaru. 

a down, reiraknt (^|^)- 

: ! Sa! S(i.' 

off the flower-bed I L-ira- 

ilan (?£^) iro dero. 

it came short of what we ex- 
pected, omotta hodo jiVmn (^^) 

ni ikanakatta. 

please at four, yoji ni o ide 

ffo neriaiiiHtsii. 

please in, o wjari nasai 

[Japanese house] ; o ton nasni. 

when spring s, haru ni nar»*u 


to about, okoru ; deki-i-u. 

to across, iraiatte kui-u', 

koshite kuni ; (fig.) mi-ataru. 

to after, nojato kara Icuru. 

to and go, drai (ifijR) s. 

to at {vnth. intent to attack), 

ni/tobi-fsuite kitru. 

to back, kaetle kunt ; modol- 

te kufu. 

to by (obtain jiossession of), 

tea] te ni iru ; e-ru. 

to down , ori-jTz ; kudaru ; 

(lower price) nedan ico make-i-xt. 

to down in the world, 

ochi-bure-ru ; reiraku {^f^) s ; 

raJcidiaku (/^(^) s. 

to for, (a thing) tcojtori ni 

kuru ; (to fetch a person) no/mukai 

ni kuru. 

to forth, deru. 

to home, uchi f kaeru, or 

modoni ; (to reach the mark) teki- 

chu (>S^) s. 

to in, hairu ; (of niin) fuii- 


to into fashion, ryfiko (gg 

^) ui nam. 

to ...... near, chikayoni; chika- 


to of, k najde-ru. 

to off, toreru ; hanare-ni ; 

hafje-ru ; (of dry paint) hage-ru ; 

(of wet paint) tsxiku ; idswu ; (suc- 
ceed) umaku iku ; shubi ("M"^) yokx 
iku ; Seiko (^^) s ; Vd-todolai ; 
(take place) am. 

to on, (advance) svsnnde 

kuru ; (progress) shimpo (i||>J?) s ; 
(for hearing) ant ; as, that case 

s on for hearing on the 1st 

May, ano jiken (^f^) no shimmon 
(iSTal) i':a gogicaisxi ichinichi (JLf] 
— H ) ni ai-u [if the case is a lony 
one karalhajimai-u is used instead 
of arw], 

to over, iratatte hurv. ; koe- 


to out, (be revealed) amfcare- 

j-w ; (lit.) dele kuru ; (of a bud) 
megumu ; (of a flower) scfcw ; emu ; 
(of a stain) ochi-ru. 

to round (recover), hompxdai 

(*{I) s ; zenkicai (^j^) s. 

to short (in quaUty or nnni- 

l)er;,/MSo/i-u (:^SL) s. 

to to grief (of a plan), ship- 

pdi (X-HS:) s- 

to to an end, oiraru ; kyokii 

(0)) xro musuhu. 

to to light, araicare-ru ; o- 

yake ni nam ; hanzen (^f*i) i" 

to to one's self, (from :i 

faint) iki-kaeru ; shoki (i^) ni 
naru ; (recover command of one's 
faculties) shoki ni naru ; ki ga 

to to the point, yoten (?J1A) 

ni k-um. 

to under (a rule), ni/gaito (|i' 


to up, nobotte kuru; agatle 


to upon (unexpectedly), 

omoigake naku kuru. 

to up to (a standard), ni/au ; 

gokaku ('^t^) s. 

to up with, oi-tsuku. 

Comer, n. new (in an oflice), 

shinzan (!0iS)- 

Comers and g-oers, de-iri no kito- 
bito ; (passers-by) oral (■^JR) .h» 

Comedian, n. doke^yakusko ; doke- 


[ 101 ] 


Comedy, n. doke-sJdhai (Mit^^) ; 
kokkei-engeki (\^^^ 

Comeliness, n. kiryo no ii koto. 

Comely, a. kirei (^K) '*^' > ^'ryo no 
ii ; utsiikushii. 

Comestibles, n. shokumotsu (:^4l!i) ; 
shokvryo {'^f^) ; shokwyohin {;^^ 

Comet, n. hbki-boshi ; misei (^^). 

Comfort, t.v. (console) ii-nagusame- 
ru ; nmpxsamerxi ; imon (,^R!J) s. 

(.Comfort, n. (consolation) nwjusame; 
(quiet enjoyment) anraku ($1^); 
kiraku (^*g). 

8 (for troops in the field, etc.), 

imon-Idn {ft^Mm)- 

Comfortable, a. raka (*j*) na; 
kokoro-viochi no yoi ; anraku na ; 
nukui [Kobe dialect] ; (of a room) 
i-gokoro 7io yoi ; (of boots) haki- 
ijokoro no yoi ; (of clothes) ki-gokoro 
on yoi. 

I'omfortably, adv. raku ni; anraku 

ni ; kiraku ni. 

to be off, fujiyn (^^fll) 

naku ku7V..v.( ; hidari-vrJiiica de 

Comforter, n. (for the neck) eri- 

<'omfortless, a. fujiyn na ; fuben 

( /pUS) na ; anraku df. nai ; omo- 

shiroh u nai. 
Comfortlessiies.s, n.fnjiyu ; fuhen- 

Comic, a poem, kyokn (CEE^)- 

Comical, a. (of i^ersons) doketa ; 

hakageia ; (of things) oka.shi na ; 

odokda ; hyogefa : kokkel (t^f§) no ; 

hakageia. ^ 

Comically* JkIv. dokete ; kyokeie ; 
nkasfiiku ; odokefe; kokkeini ; baka- 

<'omiii;^,n and going, shntm- 

".'/" (WA) ; oral miM) ; dc-iri. 
Comity, n. shitashimi ; yfigi (^fa.) ; 
kr,gi (^^i). 

international , kijsaijo (^|®| 

±.) nn km (ItfM). 

Comma, n. ten (Sjj). 

inverted s (printing), t/iwo/eii 


[The sense of inverted commas is 
conveyed by to iu no ua, or to tea, 
following a single term (as hito to 
?ra " man ") or to am ira followang 
a quotation]. v, 

Command, n. (mil.) kwami (^3l) ; 
kantoku (^^) ; (order) meirei (^<%-) ; 
mei ; ii-tsuke ; (possession of control) 
shihai (5BE)- 

Imperial s, chokumei ($J[/ 


oflacer in , shikikican (t&^ 

'g") ; sldreikwan (ftj^f). 

the second in on the China 

station , Toyo-kantai-fuku.ihirei- 

kican {■M^mmim^'R)- 

to give the word of , gorei 

(Sl^) ^'"O kake-ru : gorei s. 

Command, t.v. (give directions to) 
shiki (tp}?) s ; (give word of cx)m- 
mand) ni/gorei s ; (have within a 
sphere of control, of a fort) icq/yaku 
(M) ^ '< (have within a sphere of 
\ision) mi-icatasu ; mi-harasu ; mi- 
orosu [the last from a height] ; (troops, 
a ship, etc.) shiki s ; (order) nijmcirei 
s ; ni/meiji-ru ; nijii-isuke-i'U, 

England s the sea, Eikoku 

(t^S) 'f« kaijoken (j§±.^) tro .sfiii- 

aku (^m) ■^•• 

to be ed (by the Emperor), 

os€-tsiikera7'€'ni ; nojmei ito hoji-ni. 

Commandant, n. shikiktcan (lafF- 
'g') ; shireikicau (ai^'^); shirei. 

Commandeer, t.v. rJiohatm (j?! 

Cominan<ler, n. .skireikican; .s-hiki- 
kican ; in Chinese comiwunds -r/io 
(;S) I ("■ general) taishii {kiH^) ; flio- 

■■?gun (}|f lit) ; (naval rank) sho.m ('J? 
i^) ; (of a body of tixxips) laicfiu 

in Chief, (mil.) j-ikwfun- 

shireichokican (^ ^ ^ 4" :& f ) 5 
(nav.) kaigun-sfdreirfiokican (}J/5|<! 

in Chief of the Imperial 

Guards, konoe-(<>t;ku (ffliJRfflitJ). 


[ 162 ] 


in Chief of the amiy, (the 

Emperor), daigensui (;^-:7Cftlt))- 

in Chief on the China 

Station, Tdy'j-kfndai-shireic/io- 

Commanding", a. (controlling by 
influence) ikico (^%) no aru ; vjl 
(^M) "0 «''« ; '/" (l^il.) "0 aru ; (of 
a position) suyo ()|S^) no ; (over- 
looking) mi-harasu ; mi-oi-osu ; mir 

officer, jochokican {±.^'^) ; 

shireikican {ai'%-'^)- 
Commandment, n. imashime ;, (^^). 

the five s, gokal (E9fi)- 

the ten s, jikkai (i^jfi). 

Comma-shaped, a. tomoe-gata no. 

Com«neinorate, t.v. mafsum ; ki- 

nen (t^^) s ; iiran. 
Commemoration, n. mat.'iuri ; ki- 

nensai (J[l;§t|?^) ; kinenshiki (|E;t;5^) ; 

fthi'.kiden (^*-) ; (act of) eqniv. of 

Commemorate foU. by koto. 

Commemorative, a. kinen-(no) ; 
kinhi no tame no. 

Commence, t.v. hajime-ni ; okosa ; 
(negotiations, etc.) kaishi (g^J^) *• 

to business, kaigyo (^^) s. 

[Com. Co.]. 

C'ommence, i.v. hrtiimnru ; cJtnku- 
.sha (^^) s. 

Commencement, n. hnjhnari ; 
tori-tsukl ; hottan (^i/S) ! (origin) 
okorl ; kigen (g^) ; ransho (iE)K)- 

from the very , hana kara ; 

.sainho (JJ^) kara. 

the of the cold weather, 

.samusa no tori-tsiiki. 

Commend, t.v. (entrust) yudane-nc ; 
makase-ru ; taku (ft) s ; itaku (5clt) 
s; (introduce) nhbkai (iiig'f^) s ; 
(praise) home-ru ; shosan (^fS;) s ; 
shoyo (M^) s ; (recommend) suikyo 
(IS^) * ; {fidsen (ISII) s. 

Commendable, a. .-ihdyd, or sho- 
san su-heki ; homete yoi hodo no. 

Commendation, n. shoyo ; (re- 
commendation) suikyo ; .suiseyi. 

note of , suisenjo (i^'^]\^) ; 


Commendatory, a. equiv. of 
Commend iised as adj. 

Coniinensnrable, a. tdhitn (^59") 
no ; (ioryo ([i^S) no. 

number, jinsa (25lt). 

quantity, jlnryd (.^S;). 

Commensurate, a, tekid (i^.) 

Comment, i.v. to on, (criti- 
cize) icojhihyo (#1:11^) s ; ico/hyoron 
(s^Sm) s ; (write notes) chfikai (=£ 
m)-'^; rhushaku iBm) ••>'■ 

Comment, n. (criticism) hihyo; hyo- 
ron ; (notes) chfikai ; chiishaku. 
favourable , kohyo (0gf-). 

Commentary, n. chfikai; chftsha- 
ku ; chfi. 

Commentator, n. rhfikainin ; rhii- 

Commerce, n. shoqyo {\^^)\ shf,- 
'>«' (fiSH); tsfishii (jffliS); hoeki (^ 
^) ; kbeki (^U) [the last three when 
speaking of commerce \N-ith foreign 
nations] ; (between the sexes) kogu 
chamber of , shdgyo-kicaigi- 

treaty of , isfisho-jdyaku (|& 

Commercial, a. boekijo no ; shogyo- 
jo (f^|^±.) no; shobaijo no; tsfi- 
.'Jibjb no. 

agent, shbqyb-dairislia (^|^ 


attache, koshikicandzukl- 

shogyd-shisatsidn { ^ ^W iS Mm 


bureau, shamukyoku (jl^^ 

J^); tsfishbkyokxi (^jSj/rg). 

code, shbho (iS^)- 

museum, shbhin-ch inretsu- 

port, boeki-ko (g^jf ). 

transaction, shokoi ((§5^T^) 

[Com. Co.] ; shogyojo no iorihiki. 

traveller, chumon-tori. 

person ■with an extensive 

connection, tnrih Uci-saki no oi, or 
hiroi, hifo. 


[ 163 ] COM 

Coinniination, n service, 

taisai-sange (;A:1 

Coiniiiingle, t.v. maze-ru ; konjl-ru ; 
komca (iitfll) s ; Icongb i^-^) s. 

Coniining"le, i.v. mazaru ; konji-ru ; 
■konrjo s. 

Commiserate, t.v. aicaremu; fu- 
hin (^M) "i omou ; kawai-so ni 
omou ; hinzen (^^) ni omou. 

Commiseration, n. aicaremu koto ; 
awaremi ; remmin {^^) ; hinzen. 

Commissary, n. (mil.) shichokan 
(^ffifllSi) ; hydro-gnkari. 
general, heitan-sdkan (^tt 

Commissariat, n. (in the field) 
heitamhu (^ilh%) ; hydrokyoku {^^ 


Commission, n. (brokerage) kosen 
(PH); iesuryd; setcaryo; (certifi- 
cate of office) ininjo (^tt)Uv) 5 (Mo- 
ney-changer's) kirichin. 

of an offence, hanzai (ffi^) ; 

tsumi ICO okasu koto. 

of insi)ection, shisaisuin 

examination for a , shdko- 

shiken (m^UB)- 

sale on , itnkii-liambai (^tt 


Commission, t.v. nljtaku s ; ni/ma- 
kaseru ; ni/inin (^ffr) ^ '> ni/zoku- 
tdcri (^tt) s; nijitalm (3|ft) s ; 
(from a superior officer to a sub- 
ordinate) nijken (\^) wo sadzuke-ru. 

, Commission-as'cnt, n. nakagai- 

/Ommissioncd, a officer, 

shoko (H?^) ; shikvcan (±'^). 

Commissionaire, n. machi-dzukai. 

Commissioner, n. kalcari ; iin 
(^1\) ; riji mm ; jimidcwan (^fJ6 
•ji;); (for the examination of wit- 
nesses) ji(<rt/cu-/ianji ( '2' ,i t^] 5]i 
chief , jimnrhokiran 

of customs, zeikicancho (fft 

of police, keibucho (^SK;^) ; 

(in Tokyo) kd-'hl-sokan (SflffiffiS^). 

special , iokulia-jlmukimn (^'J- 

trade , shogyd-shlsatsuin (fS 


Commission-mercliant, n. na- 


Commit, t.v. (an offence) okasu ; 
ni/t.'iumi wo okasu ; (entrust) ni/taJcu 
(ii) s; ni/makaseru ; ni/inin (^££) 
s ; (of theft, etc.) hataraku. 

to be ted for trial, kdhan 

(■&^J) nifusare-ru. 

to a crime, tsumi ico okasu; 

hanzai (JEH) s. 

to adultery, miitst'i C^iffi) s. 

to a theft, setto (^^) s. 

to for trial, kdhan (S^l) ni 

fu m s [Cr. Pro.]. 

to murder, hitogoroshi wo s. 

to one's self, kotobajirhi wo 


to robbery, goto (?5l^) s. 

to suicide, jisaYsM (txWt) •«• 

to to memory, auki (B^aG) 

s ; soranji ru. 

to to prison, wojiogoka (}$ 

JIf) s ; nilnyugoku (\W!} "'<' "**'- 


Commitment, n. (to prison) td- 
gokii ; golcu ni kudasu koto. 

Committal, n. (for trial) kohan ni 

fusuni koto. 

Committee, n. iiu (3§M)- 

chairman of , iinrh'> (^^ 

room, iinshitsu (^IX'i^)- 

member of a , i-in (^^). 

standing , jdchi-Hn ('JJ'^S 

Commix, i.v. kongo (\Su'^) * I komm 

{iR.%^) * ; nmzaru. 
Commixture, n.-kongo ; konwa. 
Commode, n. (night-stool) chodzu- 

Commodious, a. hcnn ((H^IJ) no a ; 

hehri na ; bengi ((iE'il) nn ; (of a 

house) katte no ii ; fsugo (fiP-^) no ii. 
Commodiously, adv. (of a house) 

katie yoku ; tsugo yoku. 

Cominodiousness, n. henri ; bm- 

gl ; katie no ii koto ; tsfign >„t il i.i>ln. 


[ 164 ] 


OoDimodity, n. shinamono ; aJcinai- 
mono; shohin (l^qji); kicahutsu (J^ 


ies, shos}dki (^£). 

price of ies, bukica (4l5lK)- 

staple , jfnjijJnn (M^aa)- 

CoinniOli, a. (iised by the public) 
koshu (&^) no; kbyo (S/H) no; 
(owned in common) kydyi'i (^^) 
no ; (frequent) heizei (^ik) ?w) ; 
tsu7-€i (iffi^J) no; fudan (/pg^) no; 
(general) futsu [^'M.) 'lo \ ippan 
(—W no; (ordinary) juyo (#'-^) no; 
hanyo (Pi^) no; heibon (-^Hi) "O ! 
bonzoku (^^) 7io ; nnmi no ; tada 
no ; (ordinary, in deiirecintory sense) 
scmaisv. {I^^i) na. 

a fellow, retld-dobiftb-u (^ 


a saying, ari-fureta luina- 

shi ; futsu (^M) no hanashi ; zoJcu 
ni iu koto. 

a soldier, heisotsu (|^^). 

estate, moi/ai-jinsho. 

gender, isfisei (jj&tS). 

noun, fidsH-meishi (#iS45 


occurrence, arhjachi im 


property, kyoyuhutsu (^W 


sense, joshiki (^|fe). 

in , (like others) doyd (|?31^) 

ni; (in concert) kydd'o (^^) 

is no jjevson, nami 7io Jdto 

(le rca nai. 

out of the , hlto-tini de nai; 

lutmi-hadzurela ; hibon (i}p-H,) na; 
(of objects) chinki (^ty) '«« J 
ke-u na. 

the people, heimin (^R) ; 

shomin (1*;^) ; nami no kilo. 

Coiuinoii, n. kyoyncld (^tftfi); 
kbchi (2^ilil). 

rights of , Irioi-ken (A'©'®) 

[Civ. Co.]. 

CoiUHioner, n. heimin (T-K)- 

Coininoiily, adv. tsune ni; tsi'irei 
(iil^J) ; .fudan (:^^) ; heizd (^^) ; 
ippan (-— jlJ) ni ; (in common i^ar- 
lance) zokn ni. 

Cominonplaco, a. heiho,, ('I'-M.) 
n'l ; honyb (R,^) na. 

a discourse, heibuu no kamt- 

r]ii ; hehoron ; ari-fureta hana.fM ; 
I'himpu (lJJ|{^f) na (^). 

Commons, n. House of , 

.«hrifji-in (^1^^). 
Common wealth, n. (form of gov- 
ernment) kybica-seiji (^^jE^Cfu) ; 
(confederation) rempb (^^#K). 
Commotion, n. sawaql ; f-'id') (|§ 

Communal, a. sldckuson (TljPtrfl ) no. 
Commune, n. (mral) <;pin (SR) ; 
(urban) shi-ku (itiCS.). 

Commune, i.v. to with one's 

self, mnkko {^^) s ; c/dnshi (-/i: 
,S) A-. 
Communicable, a. tsutaerareru ; 
(of a disease) densen (^^) siiru koto 
no dekiru. 

Communicant, n. jaseisnmJxt ('^ 

Communicate, t.v. (a message) 
denijon (fiJa") s ; (from an official 
superior) tassuru ; tsfdatsu (jfij^) •>? ; 
(give information) tsuchi (jffi^) s ; 
shirase-ru; hocJd ($K^) s; (of u 
disease) densen (\^'^) .tascru ; nt-fu- 
rase-ru ; (of IcTiowledge) denju (ffl^ 

Communicate, i.v. (as, two rooms) 
tsfijile oru : (partake of communion) 

.'seisan (^5t) ^''^ uke-ru. 

to with, io[kbisu (^iffi) s; 

(enquire of) ni'jtoiaicase-ru. 

Communication, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Communicate foil, by koto ; 
(intercourse) kutsa (^i(B); (letter) 
ts-ilrhd (iai){Jj^) ; shomen ('^jfij) [offi- 
cial] ; (passage between) kotsfi ; (sent 
to a newspaper) tdsJto (tft^); kisho 
(^^S) ; (tidings) (itodzure ; tayo^-i ; 
shbsuku ()f/4). 

s (mil.), kulsfi renraku (Jjjiil 

mm ; kdi.9usen (^3B*ft)- 

department of s, ttlihinshd 

evil s corrupt good man- 
ners, situ (^) vi majiicareha akaku- 


[ 1«5 ] 


line of , kots-n-senro (^M^ 

m ; heitansen (PM^)- 
Minister of s, iclshin-dnljin 

railway ...... is interrupted, 

fetsmlo (^jMi) ija futsu (^i[fi) ni 

there is telephonic be- 
tween Tokyo and Yokohama, 
Tokyo to Yokohama-kan (^) ni 
demca (^BS) no kotsu ga aru, or 
(lemca fja tsi'ijite oru. 

Coinimiiiicative, a. kanashizuki 

to be , fiiktiio (^i^) naku 


('Oiiiinuuioii, n. (Lord's Supper) 

seisan; fieisanshlki (^$5^). 
to administer the Holy , 

setsanshiki ico okoiutu. 

iJoillinillltSIll, n. kyosnnron (J^^ 



Coiiiiniiiiist, a party, kyo- 

santo {^mW- 
Coiiiinunity, n. (a society) dantai 
(ffltS) ; (state) kokumin (PK") ; (the 
public) kosliil (S^). 

of sentiments, dojo [^^). 

the foreign , kyoryu-gvcaij'm 

(^ini^VK); 'nrrdjiu-.'ihakirai {^A 

village , hnraku (,%f%). 

Comnmtable, a. (exchangealJe) 
kaerareru ; kokicau (SJ^) no ditkiru. 

(^oniiiiutatioii, n. (change) hen- 

/■•(> (ii2|E); (intercliauge) kokiran {^ 

i^) ; (in law) genkei (JKff'J)- 
<'oininiltc, t.v. (exchange) kae-ni ; 

(interchange) kokicnn (Ji'J^) .s- ; (in 

law) ijeidci'l s. 

<'oiiipa(;t, n. yakHscka (I'jjiji) ; ya- 
kvjo (W/£) ; keiyaku m^.]). 

('oinpact, a (closely united) jjiJ^cAa- 

/i'( ('Vfi'??) •'•''I'e am ; kimmitsu (|^^) 
mi ; (of texture) me no tswvia ; 
(solid) kenjit.m (gj'g) na ; kengo (^ 
la) na; kenro (S'/|5) na ; (terse) 
kanketsu (jRji^) wt. 

t.'ouipatrtly, adv. kenro u! ; kaigo 

Compactness, n. kenjUsu ; kengo ; 
kenro ; (of style) kanketsu. 

Companion n. jiakama; tsare; 
(colleague) donjo (I^<|F) ; doyaku; 
(friend) tomodaehi ; hobai (ljB|g) ; 
(on a journey) michidzure. 

for life (husljand or wife), 


picture, n'de iw e. 

Companionable, a. majlinirl-ya- 
sui ; ii-tsure no. 

Company, n. (band) nakama ; ku- 
mi ; (commei-cial) kicaisha (#*fc) ; 
.ihbalm (iSjfc); (guests) kyaku ; o 
kyaku san ; ruikyaku (3|5%) ; hin- 
kyaku ('%^) ; (of a regiment) r/ifitai 

a ship's , noi-ikumi-in. 

double , chogd-chfdai {^i^^ 


front , salzen-chfdai (^niffr 

m)- ; 

I cannot see him, as I have 

with me, kyakurai (<§3|5).da 

kara o ai mosu koto ga dekinai. 

in (before people), /ti/o »wA:rt 


in with, to visho nl; to 

tomo ni. 

joint-stock , kabushiki-kwai-. 

.sha [Com. Co.]. 

rear , salgo-chutai (^^ifHt)' 

to be in with, iotsm-e- 

datsu. ' ' 

Comparable, a. to be .kura- 

herare-ru ; ica]hikaku (iScw) gd 

Comparative, a. kikakuteki {it^ 
rt^J) no. 
anatomy (med.) hiknku- 

kaibo iitmm)- 

degre3 (gram.), hVcakHkyn 

Comparatively, adv. hikakvjo ; 

tcariai ni; hlkaknteki (Jt$4W) »* ; 

(to a considerable extent) Z'li'pin 

(0(53'):. kanari. 
Compare, t.v. kuraberu ; Idki-kava- 

hcru ; mikurahe-ni ; mi-aicnsr-ru ; 

kurahete mi-7ii ; hikaka (Jtli'^ ■» > 

(do?umcnts, or objec'ts side by side) 


[ 1G6 ] 


hiki-awaseru ; iaisho (1^.13) s; ten- 
aicaseru ; (read over tc^etlier) yomi- 
aicaseru ; (refer to for comparison) 
sa}isho (#!ra) s. 

d ■with, nijhisureba. 

to to (liken by way of illns- 

tration), nilmi-tate-rn. 

Comparison, n. hikakxi (Jt|3c) ; 

(act of) equiv. of Compare foil, by 

koto ; (as, of handwriting) lahho ; 

(for reference) sansho. 

degrees of (gtam.),hikaku- 

kyfi (]tmm)- 

in with, ni kurabefe miru to ; 

ni hikakni shite mini to. 

will not bear , dqjitsu ((^ fl ) 

no ron (fft) ni naranai. 

Compartment, n. shlkiri; kubun 
water-t J ght , bosu i-kalai- 

}>eki myy-mm 

Compass, n. (mariner's) jishaku (f^ 
:g) ; rashimha)i (jffintSJ) ; kokaiyo- 
rashingi {^W}\\fl^$fW. 

prismatic , soryo-rasldngi 

surveyor's , solcuryo-rashin- 

the four points of the , 

shihd mil). 

Coinpass-ncedle, n. rashin. 

Compasses, n. ryok-yakki (SWJ^> '> 
hummaicashi. . 

Compassion, n. alren ($tl|) ; rem- 
min (^fS) ; auaremi ; ilaicari ; jUii 


Compassionate, a. jUd no am ; 
nasa/ce-6«7cai ; axcareppoi ; sokuin 
(W^) ^^ kokoro ga am ; jihi-hukai ; 
airen-bukai ; remmm-hukai. 

Compassionate, t.v. avcaremxi ; ni/ 
jihi tco tare-ru ; ifaicaru ; fuhin ni 

Compassionately, adv. jihi-huka- 
ku ; nasake-bukaku ; aioarende ; ita- 
tcatte ; nasake tco kakete ; remmin- 
bukaku ; aireii-biikaku. 

Compatibility, n. kofeki (fpiS)- 

Compatible, a. to be , kamu ; 

teVvjd (ii^) ». 

Compatriot, n. dokokujin ([^ggA); 

Compel, t.Y. shiUe, zehi, or inuri ni, 
or mvri yari ni, foil, by the causative 
form of the verb ; as, 
he led me to go to Yoko- 
hama, ^cafaktishi ico shiite Yoko- 
hama e ikasefa. 

to one to do an unpleasant 

job, iya na shi'joto xro mnrl ni 

to (a person) to , ni 

ico shii-ni ; as, 

to (a person) to drink 

sake, 7ii sake iro shiirti. 

Comi)en(lious, a. kanryalm no ; 
tsudzumayaka no ; kaitsumanda ; yo- 
ryakti no ; saiyo no. 

Compendiously, adv. kanryaku 
ni ; tsudzumayaka vii ; kaitsiimande ; 
saiyo shite ; yoryaku shite. 

Compendium, n. ybryaku (1?Ȥ); 
saiyo (t655) : taiyb (j^3J) ; korei 

of laws, horitsu-taiyd (}t?p 

Comi>ensate, t.v. (make amends 
for) arjanau; tsxtgunau; ba'isho (Prf 

Compensate, i.v. kaerare-ru [lit. to 
be exchanged]. 

does not for, ni/kaerarouii. 

it does not me, hiki-atcanai. 

Compensation, n. (equivalent) 
tsvgunoi ; baishb ; (money) tsxigunoi- 
kin; shokin (dtS?); baisho-kin (^(^ 
^) ; (remuneration) hoshti (^tgU). 

by way of , sono kaicari ni ; 

sono hoshu to shite. 

claim for , ybsho (55®) 

[Cr. Pro.]. 

Compensatory, a. isugunai no; 
baisho no. 

Compete, i.v, arasou ; kisou ; kyosb 
(M^) ^ I hari-au ; kyoshin (^^) s. 
to for, Kojarasou. 



[ 1G7 ] 


Competence, Conii)eteiicy, n. 

(fitness) iekigo m^); ^oio (ffl^) ; 
tekito (iiSl^) ; (of a court) kirankatsu 
(l^m; (powers) k-engen (®gg) ; 
(subsistence) soo (ffll*) »'< shvisho 


master's certificate of , 

■^enrho-menjo {tS^fiVi)- 

to exceed one's , ekken 

Competent, a. (adequate) soo na ; 
(fit.) tekitb na ; solo rui ; tekigo na. 

he is a man for the x>ost, 

sono shokri (©i) ni tekitb na hito de 


the Court, kicankatsu-.iai- 

banjo c^i^Hmnm 

the minister, shumu-daijin 

the officer, togai-kicanri (^ 

Competently, atlv. sob ni ; iekUb 
7ii ; sbtb ni. 

Competition, n. kybsb (]^^) ; seri- 
al; kLsoi. 

Competitive, a examina- 
tion, kybsb-shiken (M^^^)- 
exhibition, kybshinkicai 

Competitor, n, kybsoslia (|»^^). 

Compilation, n. (act of) hensan 
(^«); (book) hensMsho (|B||t) ; 
(thing compiled) hensan shita mo)id. 

Compile, t.v. kak~i-<tf.fiimer>t ; henshu 
(^1^) ft; hensei (|S^) s; hensan 
(HI?) s ; (returns) chbsei (MM) s. 

Compiler, u. hensansh-n (|B3I|S); 
henshunin (|B|4:A)- 

Complacency, n. manzoku (jft^ffl). 

Complacent, a. (contontfcd) onica 
iiSiW "« ; (self-satisfied) ji/oA.n( (g 
f'j) shite oru ; tareri to shite oru. 

Complacently, adv. (contentetUy) 
man2ok-ri shite ; (in a self-satisfied 
manner) jitoku shite ; tareri to shite ; 
(without troubling) kamaicadzu ni ; 
heiki (^^) de. 

Complain, i.v. (express pain) nanju 
Oi&) 'fo i« ; (grumble) fiisoku (Tf: 

S) uo iu ; kujb (^^) uo iu ; guzu- 
gitzu iu ; fuhei (^4^) tfo narasfi ; 
gttchi wo iu. 

he ed of a headache, dzutsil 

ICO uttaeta. 

to against, tcojuitae-ru. 

to to (a superior), nijuttaeru ; 

nijshnsso (iHIJf) s. 

Complainant, n. kokusonin (^|g 
A) [Cr. Pro.]; genkok^ (J^^^) ; (sue- 
ing for damages in a criminal 
case) minji-genkok-unin (K^^m'A) 
[Cr. Pro.]. 

Complaint, n. fuhei ; kujb ; against 
a judge's ruling) kbkok^ (tt w") [Cr. 
Pro., Civ. Pro.] ; (against a defen- 
dant) koktiso (^m) [Cr. Co., Cr. 
Pro.] ; uttae ; soshb (8^|i) ; (paper 
containing complaint) kokusojb (f^- 
S^iUc) [Cr. Co.] ; tUtae-sho ; sojb (^ 
S^) ; (sickness) bybki (^^) ; yamai ; 
sliippei (^/fi). 

Complaisance, u. (courtesy) reigi 
(H^); ingin (,#.ffi) ; (compliance) 
jujun ; (compliance, in a bad sense) 
mokujii (Wt'&) ; (disposition to please) 
shinsetsH (i^^]). 

Complaisant, a. (courteous) reiigi 
no aru ; ingin na ; (compliant) jujun 
na ; sunao na ; (compliant, in a bad 
sense) mokvjit .<nim ; (desirous to 
please) shinsetsH na. 

Complaisantly, adv. reigi atsuku ; 
ingin ni ; icichb (|l|5$) ni ; shinsetsu 
ni ; (compliantly) JM/wn 7U ,* sunao ni ; 
(compliantly, in a bad sense) motcti- 
ju shite. 

Complement, n. (full quantity) 
zengakii (^^) ; zensfi (:^ft) : ffiill 
numbers) zensii ; (full personnel) 
teiin (Sfl); (gram.) kicanseiji (^c^ 
%^) ; hosokugo (filSIS) ; (that which 
completes) lioju (fifii^!; tushinuie; 
tashi; hosokii (^iSi,) ; oginai. 

Complementary, a. hoja .wru ; 
tasu ; oginau ; hoketsu (ffSX) suru. 

Complete, a. (entire) jilbun (^^) 
na ; in Chinese compounds zen- (^) ; 
(of a set of things) sorotta ; g^tbi 
(ftftS) shifa ; kicanzen (^•^) na. . 
a victory, zenskb (■^I0f). 


[ 168 ] 

a strang-er, midm shiradzn 

no hito ; aka 7io tanin. 

cvire, zenji(^f^). 

the house, zenka (^"M)- 

to become , sorou. 

C'oinpleto, t.v. (an undertaking) 
kicansei (^^) s; (arrangements) 
toionoe-m ; (finish) shi-age-ru ; tsu- 
kuri-age-ru ; haiasu ; totonoe-ru ; seiko 
f^^j) -5 ; (of a building, etc.) rakusei 
i»3fJ5?) s; (of an affair) rakuchaku 
(?^^) s ; (supply deficiencies) soroe- 
ru ; Itoju (1^^) s ; oginau ; some- 
times expr. by -dzumi ni nam [E. 
obj. -^ J. subj.]. 

to be d, ileki-iigaru ; shi-aga- 

rn ; joju (^gfc) s ; (of engineering 

work), shunko (j^i) s. 

to delivery of, iratashi- 

ilzumi ni nam. 

to payment of, Jiarai-dzumi 

ni ttaru. 

Completely, adv. mam de ; malla- 
kn ; nuimkkiri ; sukkari ; jCibun {^ 
•?)•)»»; preceded or foil, by a verb 
it is often rendered by kim, or 
ha'ent, sufiSxed to the indef. form 
of a verb. 

useless, sappriri yaku ni 


to be tired of, ni,'aki-hale-m. 

to understand , icakari-kim. 

to use up , tsitkai'i/oikiisu ; 


Coiupletiou, n. ahuikti (tH3j4); 
kiransei ; joju ; kwanryo {"^J ) : (act 
of) equiv. of Complete foil, by 
koto ; (of a bmkling) rakusei ; (of an 
iiffair) rak'chaku ; (of a jjeriod of 
time) manki (jfi^) ; (of engineering 
work) shunko (^X). 

Complex, a. (involved) sakuzalsu 
(HipI) shUe am; fukuzatsu (^^) 
shile aru ; lianzatsu (3K$t) na. 

Complexion, n. (colour of the 
skin) kao-iro ; iro ; ganshoku (^&) ; 
(condition of things) kicokei (it^) I 
nrisama ; keijo (^^X") ; moyo ; gicai- 
ken (^A). 

f.^Omplexity, n. sakuz/:ihu ; fuku- 
zatsu ; hanmtsxi. 


(act of) jTijun ; 


fukuju [m&). 

Compliant, a. jujun nu ; nyawa 
(Sfn) «ii ; suiiao na; (in a" ImuI 
sense) mokxiju sum. 

Compliantly, adv. J MJWH ni; nyuica 

ni ; sunao ni. 
Complicate, t.v. maze-koze ni .« ; 
konzatsu (]SJ^) sase-m. 

to be d (of affairs), iri-fci</ul( 

i-m ; sashi-motsure-ru ; kcmiif(<' 

Complicated, a. irikunda; komi- 
itta ; fulcuzatsu (^H) na ; sakuzatsu 
(lit?ll) »a ; (of illness) lieihaisusho 

Complication, n. konzatsu (iSM) '< 
sashi-jnotsure ; hanzatsu (3K?t) : 
(disease in addition to primary 
malRAj) heihatsuhyd (f^fJIiE) ; (poli- 
tical, etc.) katto (®p) ; futra (:^|a) : 
/""f/i (l&^); f>'r>jo (i^g): fun-uH 

slig^ht , iki-chigai. 

Complicity, n. nare-ai ; kyobu (Jt- 
U) ; kyohan (^3f[i) [Cr. Co.] ; (as an 
accomplice) jilfi'in (^Jfi) [Cr. Tro.]. 
Compliment, u. (congratulation i 
shukugii (i^3t) ; (greeting) aisatsu 
(^•19) ; (hollow) o sfjl ; (praise) 
home ; shosah (i^j^). 

to present one's s, y^jroshiku 


Complimentary, a. gugi (HH) no ; 
shukuga (jft'K) no ; (flattering) o seji 
no ii. 

address, shukuji ( ^H^ < ; 

shukubnn (fSiX) [written]. 

letter, gojd (Um- 

ticket, yrdnilid, i^f^Jj^i ; 

tokutuikrn m'^^)- 
Comply, i.v. shod'iku (;|cs^) .s ; sh<',- 
fnk^i (-^m) s ;, ddi{^_M)s. 

to with, ni/oji-ru ; nlishit<i- 

gau ; (submit to) ni/fukuju (flftJH^) s. 

to with a formality, tf-tsx- 

dzuki icofumu. 

Component, a. gosel {'^^) no; 

sosel (filJ^) no ; kumi-tateru ; kosei 
(BF-St) ■«<"<. 

parts, .se(.'«'/i (J*^). 

COM [ 1G9 ] 


Comport, t.v. to one's self, 


Comportment, n. tachi-furumai ; 
(lyojo (frS^) ; shogyo (^fr^)- 

Compose, t.v. (calm) shidzumeru ; 
nadameru ; (form) koshirae-m ; 
tsukuru ; seisaku (j^f^) s ; (of a 
book) araicasu ; tsukuru ; chojutsu 
C^i^) s ; (poetry) tsukuru ; yomu ; 
(printing) kumu ; shokuji {'^'^) s. 

to be d of, dejdekiie i-ru ; 

yori/naritatte oru ; (of a machine) 
'yor'ijkumi-taterareru ; (organized 
■with) delsoshiki (HiWi) •^/'^''e «n<. 

what is this of? kore ica 

7ian de dekite oru ka. 

Composed, a. chincJiaku {'/±^) na. 

to be (tranquil), ki ga suicatte 

i-ru ; ochitsuite i-ni ; heiki {^M.) 
de oru ; taizen (^^) to shite oru. 

Composing-stick, n. sulekki. 

Composite, a. shfKjd (ft-^) shite 
aru ; kumi-aicase no. 

ship, goseikan {'^k^km)> 

tekkotsu-mokuhikan (H^'H'TfcZfcjik). 

Composition, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Compose foil, by koto ; (as, of a 
court, etc.) soshiki (MI3i) ; (com- 
ix)iind) kongohutsu (^S:,'^!\9/}) ; (con- 

^ struction) gosei (•^jSc) ; sosei iH^^) ; 
teisai {^M) ! (for discharge of a 
debt) jidan (tj^M) ; (literary) saJcuhun 
(1^34:) ; (of a picture, etc.) ichi (t5:S) ; 
(style) iuntai (^f^) ; (the literary 
work composed) .laku (W) ', sakuhun 
(ttX) ; hunsho (X3f-). 

Compositor, n. shokuji-kaiu (^^- 
^) ; kumi-kata ; (of Enr. print) 

Composure, n. (tranqi;iUity) heiki 

Ci>mpoiin<I, n. (enclosure) fcojiai 
(^►1?^); teiiuii (fil>ft) ; kakoi-uchi; 
kftmai-uchi ; yashiki ; (mixture) kon- (fiL'a'4^v!l) '. kicagdhutsu (ffc-^ 
?%) ; goseihulsu (i^^ifia) ; mazcmono ; 
{vcoixi) juku go (^A^). 

Chinese (word), jvkuji (^-('). 

ComiX)und, t.y. (combine) maze-ru ; 

to medicines, kusuri tea 

c.hogd (^^)s. 

to a debt, shakldn (^^) ico 

naisai {^^) s ; sliakkin uo jidan 

to for one half, haivJaka de 

sumashite morau. 

Compound, a. gosei shit'aru ; kvcago 
shit'aru ; sosei (jfij§j?) shit'aru ; (of 
engines) jilrensei (S|JJJ§?) no ; fuku- 
shiki {^%^) no. 

interest, jiiri (EflJ) ; mjii- 

risoku (— fiflJlJ. 

Coinpradore, n. kampu. 

Comprehend, t.v. wa/gaten (^Si) 
ga iku ; .latoru ; rikvcai {3^'^) s ; 
ryokai (TW)*! nomi-komu; also 
expr. by hara ni Imiru, fu ni ochi-ni 
or, mime ni ochi-ru [E. obj. + J. 
subj.] ; (include) fukumu; hdgan 
(^^) s ; ganchiku (■^^) s. 

Compreliensibility, n, equiv. of 
Comprehensible foil, by koto. 

Comprehensible, a. (capable of 
being understood) rikwai iio dekini ; 
ryokai no dekiru ; chitoka (JSi^if) 
s'uheki ; saiorareru. 

Comprehensibly, adv. rikicai sum 
yd 7ii ; ryokai suru yd ni ; chifolai 
suru yo ni ; saionc yo ni ; noini-koinu 
yd ni. 
Compreliension, n. gaten ; rikwxi ; 

powers of , etokv-ryolcu ( ^f,^ 

fi) ; rikwai-ryoku (Ji#:Jb)- 

person of quick , nomUiomi 

no hayai hito. 
Comprehensive, a. (extensive) 
kwatsiulai (M'M) na ; hiroi. 

a report, memmitsu (|fl^*) 

na hdkoku (Mi.^)- 

a scheme, daikufil (:AcI>ic). 

Comprehensivenes.'s, n. ktoatsu- 

dai na koto. 
Compress, t.v, osu ; oshi-shime-ru ; 
oshi-chijime-ru ; oshi-tsuke-ru ; atcfuiku 
{l^^:^■) A- : as.sak-u iM^) •'•■• 

ed air, assaku-knki (Mtfi 


[ 170 ] 


Compressibility, n. assaku no 
dekb-u koto ; asshukushitsu (Hi^K) ; 
osareru koto ; oshi-shiinerareru koto ; 
oshi-chijimerareru koto. 

Compressible, a. assak^i (JEJf ) no 
dekiru ; asshuku (S^) no dekiru ; 
aichaku no dekiru ; osareru ; oshi- 
shimerarei-u ; oshi-chijimerareru. 

Compression, n. (act of) eqiiiv. of 
Compress foil, by koto ; (state of) 
atchaku ; assakri. 

Comprise, t.v. (include) hokwatsu 
i^ii) s ; ganchikii {"aW) * > fukumu ; 
hofj'in (4k) s. 

Compromise, n. jiilan (^pjj) ; 
naka-naori '. dakyb (5^^) ; tcakai {^ 
H?) [Civ. Pro., Cr. Pro.] ; (between 
various views) setchusetsu (^H^) 5 
(to avoid appeal to the authorities) 
niisai (ftJIP). 

money paid by way of , 

jidan-kin {^^^). 

to make a , sdho (^'^) 

ayubi-au ; sdho yiidzuri-au. 

Compromise, t.v. (arrange) naisai 
ni s ; jidan wo s ; ombin (^0£) ni 
sumase-ru ; yudzitri-ai de sumase-m. 

to one's reputation, gicai- 

hun (JrhM) ^^0 sokonau ; gicaibtin 
rco tcaruku s ; (of an act) tca]hydban 
(fpW) "^ kakaicani ; ica]gicaibun 
ni kakaicant ; tca]gicaibxm ni kican 
s ; (of an act, by a merchant) tea] 
noren ni kakawani [the subject 
being the compromising act]. 

Compromise, i.v. yudzuri-au ; jdho 
(^#) s\ iKokai (fflfj?) iros; da- 
kyo s. 

Compromisiug', a. gicaibun ni 
kakaicaru ; hybban ni kakaicani, ; 
gicaibun no tcarui. 

ComptabiJitd, n. kicaikei (^tf). 

Compulsion, n. kyohaku 
mvri-ojd (^if-^Sit)- 

by , muri-oshi ju ; vmrl ni; 

.'ihiite ; oshitsukete. 

.CompiiLsorilj-, adv. sematte; muri- 
yari jii ; iya-o nashi ni. 

Compulsory, a. murl no ; shiite no ; 
oshitsuke no ; kyoseiteki (5SS'JW) "o 
[also pron. gosei]. 

education, kyosei-kyoikii (55 


execution, kyosei-shikko (® 


loan, oshi-gari. 

Compunction, n. zempi-kokicai (hu 
^^1t) ; tsidkicai (li_^). 

Computable, a. suisoku sareru ; 
keisan sareru. 

Computation, n. keisan (ff^) : 
kisan {^tt) ; fc^njo (Wl^) ; (act of) 
equiv. of Compute foil, by koto ; 
(conjecture) suisoku (J§iBiJ). 

Compute, t.v. kazoe-ru ; keisan (ff- 
^) s ; hakaru ; tsumoru ; kisan (^ 
^) s; kanjo (|H|^) s; (conjectiire) 
suisokii s. 

Comrade, n. nakama ; nakama- 
doshi; (companion) holxti (^||) ; 
doryo {^^) ; tomo. 

Con, t.v. manabtt ; saraii ; suraeru ; 
0)uihn (ig.^) s. 

Concatenation, n. renruku (\% 
m : rengo (Ji^) ; remokii (ig^). 

Concave, a. kubonda ; nakdbiku na. 
to become , laibomu. 

Concavity, n. k-ubomi. 

Concave-convex, a. dtotsu-ryo- 

men (UUifljpfiBf) no. 
Conceal, t.v. kakns^.i ; ou ; (a fact) 

tsidsxmui ; impei (JSflc) -^ > kakusu ; 


Concealment, n. (act of) kak~usn 
koto ; ou koto ; (of a fact) impei (^ 
SK) ; (of the truth) kakushi-date. 

place of , kakvre-basho. 

without , isutsumi-kakushi 

naku ; fukuzo (Jj^^) naha ; kaku- 

sadzu ni. 

Concede, t.v. (admit as true) ytiru- 
su ; daku (|^) s ; make-ru ; (a privi- 
lege) joyo (^1^) s ; (surrender) 

Conceit, n. jiman (QH); jifu ((j 
^) ; vmibore. 


[ 171 ] 


Conceitert, a. namaiki na ; vnn- 
horeta ; jiman na ; jifu suru, 

fellow, namaiki na yatsu. 

to be , riko-hurn. 

Conceitedly, adv. namaiki ni ; xinu- 
borete ; jiman shite ; jifu shite. 

Conceivable, a. sozo (S^) no deki- 
ru ; omoi-tsukareru ; omoi-hakarare- 
ru ; hakarareru ; shiryo sareru ; 
omompakani koto no dekiru. 

C<mceivablenes.s, n. equiv. of 
Conceivable foil, by koto. 

Conceive, t.T. (devise) mokiwomu ; 
omoi-tsuku ; (suppose) hakaru ; omoi- 
hakaru ; .<ihiryd (,S1^) s ; omom- 

to be d (of a child), deki-ru. 

Conceive, i.v. (a child) kicainin (^ 
Jg) s ; kicaitai (Sfl§) s ; haramu ; 
rni-r/omoru ; ninshin (JfiES^) s. 

Concentrate, t.v. (boil down) 7it- 
isume-ru ; senji-tsume-ru ; (bring to- 
gether) yose-atsume-ni ; shi'igo (^'^) 
s ; (troops) shuchii (tk^) ^• 

to the mind, kokwo ico 

moppara ni s ; zenshin {^^) no 
chikara ico sosogu ; ki ico tsiime- 
ru ; se'ishin (<$|>t') ?co kome-ru. 

Concentrate, i.v. to at, ni/ 

yori-atsumaru ; ni/shilgd s. 

Concentration, n. .'ihiigd (-fft-^) ; 
yose-atsume ; kiktca ( > (of 
mind) senshin (®)C^) ; sennen (.^;tt) ; 
(of troops) shiichu. 

Concentric, a. dochushin {\a[^tt>) 

circle, ddshin-en (I^it^Iil). 

Conception, n. (med.) kicaitai (1g 
/]^) ; harami ; ninshin ; kwainin ; 
(notion) omoi-tsuki ; sozo ; ryoken (g; 
Ji) ; (power of apprehending) shiko- 
ryoku (S^:fj) ; sdzoryoku mif^M 

to be beyond a person's , 

.sozo no hoka de am ; sozo no todo- 

kanai koto de am. 

Concern, t.v. ni/kakari-au ; ni/ 
kv.ankei (M%) « ; ni/kansho (^^j) s. 

a matter that does not 

one, yoso-goto. 

that does not you, anata 

no adzukaranai koto da ; kimi no 
."ihitta koto ja nai [not polite], 
the authorities ed, sono 


the ed, rigai-kicankeinin (5flJ 

i^l^f^.A) ; kwankeisha ; kvcankei 

no hito. 

the officials ed, togai-kicanri 

to be ed, wa]kicank€i ga ant. 

Concern, n. (afifair) jimu (^fj^) ; 
yomuki ; jiken (^f4) I ^solicitude) 
shimpai (jC^BE) '■> ke-nen (^■^) ; 
kokoro-dzukai ; hairy o (gEdt). 

that is a big (undertaldng), 

o-jigyo imW) da. 

to feel , .fhimpai s ; ke-nen s. 

Concerning^, prep, ni tsuite ; ni 

kakaicafte ; ni tsuki. 

Concert, t.v. hyogi (^IS) i/hite kime- 
ru ; kyogi (^!i^) shite kime-ru ; 
hakaru ; kyotei (WM) s ; gitei (^/£) 
s ; giketsu (^^t) s. 

ed, kyodo (^[^) no. 

ed action, rengo-undo (a$^ 

MM) ; kyodo-uiido. 
Concert, n. ongakktcai ( gf ^^) '. 

sogakkwai (^^#) ; (agreement 

in a plan) rengo (j$'o") ; (musical 

harmony) gasso (•^^). 

in , gasso shite. 

to act in with, iojteikei (iJ^ 

t^) s ; tojkoio wo tomo ni s. 

Concertina, n. ie-fCtkin. (^-SL^)- 
Concession, u. (act of) equiv. of 
Concede foil, by koto ; (a govt, pri- 
vilege) tokkyo (J^fi^) ; kwankyo ('|j" 
f|=) ; (for mining) saikutsuken (i^^ 
1^); (settlement) kyoryuchi (/g-^/^): 
(to lay a railway) fusetsuken (UtliJ 

B)- . • 

exclusive (i.e, reserved to 

one nation), senkican-kyoryuchi (.$ 

'^k'ifam). . , 

lumber , saibatsu-tokkyo. 

mining , saikutsu-tokkyo {^ 

mutual s, iagai nojoho. 

to make a , ippo (— A^) xco 


to make 8, joho (MiP) •'; 

taijo (il^) s. 

CON [ 172 ] 


Conch, n. horagai ; hora. 
Concliologist, n. kairul-gakusha 

Conchology, n. kaind-gaJcu {M:^ 

Conciliate, t.v. (an inferior) natsu- 
ke-ru ; (win over) jwjkigen (^^) wo 
torn ; (win over, from a state of hos- 
tility) nadame-ni ; yawarage-ru. 

Conciliation, n. (act of) eqniv, of 
Conciliate foil by koto. 

Conciliatory, a. odayaka na ; on- 
jun (iaiK) un ; choica-teki (^fi](i<J) 

Concise, a. ie-nvjika (^fel) "'' ; '^^'i- 
ryaku (fgji»5-) na ; kantnn (jSn^) na. 

Concisely, adv. kul-tsumande ; 
tsudzumete ; ryaku (^) shite ; te- 
inijika jii ; kanian nl ; (swlzumayaka 

Conciseness, n. kanketsu (fSjj^) ; 
kantan ; kanryaku. 

Conclave, n, mVckicai {^^) ; shi- 

kwai (Sl-t). 
Conclude, t.v. (a contract, etc.) tori- 

musuhu ; musubu ; ieVceisu {K$^) s ; 

(finish) shimau; owaru; kicankeisu 

(^^)s; toge-ru: ketsuryo (i^J)s; 

nojrakuchaku (JSfW) "o isukeru ; 

(infer) nintei (|2^) s ; mi-tome-ni ; 

suidaii (t§9f) ^ > (jnclge) daiitei (jjJK 

to a treaty, joyaku (f^i'q) 

zro mnsiibu ; joyaku ico leiket.'m (fif 

Conclude, i.v. musubu ; ket.iuryo (^ 

y ) s ; rakuchakii s. 
Conclusion, n. (act of) kctsuryo ; 

equiv. of Conclude foil, by koto ; 

(end) shimai; oicari; kekkyoku {^ 

^) ; rakuchaku (?S|^) ; shnmatsa (Jt* 

^) ; shvbi(^^); shiikyoku (|*^) ; 

dojulzumari ; (inference) mitome ; 

suidan ; 7iintei (gJS) ; (of a treaty) 


of preliminary examina- 
tion, yoshin-shiiketsu (^||f|*i^). 

in (opening a i>eroration), 

oicari ni nozonde. 

Conclusive, a. tashika na ; kakko 
(6^^) ^a''« ; rneikaku mH^) na ; (of 
reasoning) tekisetsu ('M^) "^'' 
proof, kiraknshn (Sg^). 


danko (M^) to. 

adv. tashika ni 

Concoct, t.v. (devise) kuicai.luie-7-ii ; 
hakaru ; kufu (X^) s ; (prepare 
with various in[;redients) koshirae- 

to a scheme, kuiradnie ko 


Concoction, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Concoct foil, by koto ; (compound 
Ijrepared with different ingredients) 
chimmi (3^^) ; rhimhutsu (^Vni)- 

Concomitant, a. ai-toTnonau ; fn- 
dzui (Pff@[) no ; isuite iru. 

Concomitant, n. soe-tnono; isnki- 

Concord, n. (hai-mony) wago (>ffl^) ; 
wahoku (ftinS); chorea (l^ftl): (of 
opinion) doshin (Iq).W; doi {^M) ; 
(state of agreement) iichi ( — f!c). 
to be in , icalnaka ga yoi. 

Concordance, n. jimoku-bcnraii 

mn{&^) ; yr^ji-sakuin [mm^\)- 

Concourse, n. gunju (l¥ft) kicaiijC 
(^-a-) ; ■'^hwjO (ft-a-); iaikicai (A-#). 

to make a , gunju ico wish ; 

shilgo s ; kiraigo s ; taikicai s. 

Concrete, a. gyoketsu (^feV) no; 

kessei (^^) no ; icoketsu {^^) shila ; 

(as opp. to abstract) gutaiteki {B:Wii'-i) 

710 ; yilkei (^^) no; keishika (jf^Ufi 

T) no. 
Concrete, u. *. 

Concubinagfc, u. inekake tco oku 

koto ; chikitsho (^^). 

Concubine, n. mekake ; tekake ; 
kakoi-mono ; sho (f^) ; (vnlg., of 
women attached to foreigners) rasha- 

Concupiscence, n. shiyokn (flj^) ; 

shikiyoku (fejfS) ; joyoku (t^ig«) ; in- 

yok^i (J2g$). 
Concur, i.v. (act jointly) tomonl s; 

kyoryoku (^i3) s ; tamke-ai ; 

(agree) doshin ([^.C>) s;fugo {^^) \ 

s ; kanau ; (in opinion) doi ((^."E) s. 

CON [ 1 73 ] 

Concurrence, n. (approbation ami 
cooperation) sando (^[^); (con- 
junction) r/odo ("n-til) ; kybdo {^W) \ 
(consent) dbi (I^^.); s/iodaku (yfi 

IVf) ; i-yod(dcu (s-t5^fj. 

of offences, sfizai-fjuhatsu 

mmmm [Cr. co.i 

Concurrent, a. (cooperating) kyd- 
ryoku {^•■f}) no; kybdo (-ft^) no; 
(existing at the same time) dbji ([i^ 
Dj) no ; (joint and eqtial in authority) 
dbken (1^^) ico yu s. 

offence, heU/ozai (^^^). 

Concurrently, adv. tomo ni; yas- 
sh'de; kyodo (^I^) shite; (at the 
same time) ddji ni. 

with, to/dbji (I^Bj) ?u. 

Conctission, n. shvdo (Ws$)i) l *'^""»- 

dr, mm)- 

of the brain, no-sh'uiio (BSk 


Condemn, t.v. (censure) seme-7-u ; 
toyame-ru ; (pronounce sentence on) 
nijsenkoku (^-g-) s ; nljtsumi ico 

to as unfit for use, haibidsu 

(^II'J) fo sadame-ru. 

to to death, shikei (^^j) ni 

senkoku s ; shizai (^H) ni kime- 


to to hard leibour, jukinko 

(jEw^SS) '^^ senkoku s. 

Conrtenination, n. (act of passing 
sentence) tsumi no nioshi-icatashi ; 
senkoku sum koto ; (censure) seme ; 

to death, shikei {%M) no 

ii-ti-atashi [Cr. Pro.]. 

CoiKleinnatory, a. (sentence) kei- 
lifitsa (MW-t) surti. 

language, seme-kotoha. 

CoiKleitsabIc, a. r/ybskukni (jfc^) 
no dekini. 

Condensation, u. ijybshukn (i^ 
^) ; (act of) equiv. of Condense 
toll, by koto ; (of style) tanshuku (@ 
m) ; kanryaku (fg}*). 

Condense, t.v. gybshuka C^^i) s ; 
(of style, etc.) tanshiiku "•'— • 
kanryaku (HH^) ni s. 


Condenser, n. yyoshuku-kiki (^gg 

Condense, i.v. gybshuku s. 

Condescend, i.v. (humble one's- 

self) heri-kudaru ; koshi ^co hikukii 
s ; mi wo kudasu ; kenson (fj^jg) v ; 
hige (^~p) s. 

Condescending-, a. teinei (^^^) 
na ; shinsetsu (^^) na ; (in an un- 
favourable sense) teinei ni mise-kake- 

Condescendingly, adv. teinei ni ; 
shinsetsu ni ; (in an rmfavourable 
sense) teinei ni mise-kakeie ; (of a 
Sovereign) kashikoku mo. 

Condescension, n. ingin (j^JB); 
teiiiei (?JB0) ; shinsetsu (^^). 

Condign, a. sbib (ffl"^) wi ; tekitb 
{M'U) na ; shitb (^^) na ; sob (4fl 

Condignly, adv. sbtb ni ; tekitb ni ; 

sbb ni ; shitb ni. 

Condiment, n. (pickle) tsuke-mono ; 

(spice) yakumi (^^). 

Condition, n. (clause or term) jb- 
ken mm ; Mo mm ; (state) ari- 
sama ; ybsu (t^iP) ; jbtai (Vi^.) I 
jbkyb (!K2)i) ; keisei (j^^) ; kicbkei 
(^:w:); (status) mihwi (h^)\ <"'<" 
(mt) ; hungen (^MCg). 

actual yjikkyb ('M.i^)- 

precedent, teishi-jbken (f^jf- 

f'^#) [Civ. Co., Civ. Ihro.]. 

on that, is most easily expr. 

by the conditional form of the 
verb ; yakusoku (I'j;^) ni shite may 
also be used preceded by the sen- 
tence which is the subject of con- 

the of affairs, Jijb (Jlffi^) ; 

toki uo inoyb (i^tiH)- 

the present of affairs, gen- 

kon (JJi'T') no keisei ; ima no ari- 
sama ; tbji (^B$) no keisei. 
Conditional, a. jbkentsvhi (j^fWI) 

Con<liiionally, adv.jbken xm tsid^e- 

te, ovfushite. 
Conditioning-lionse, u. (for silk) 
kiito-ktnsajo {m^Fff)- 


[ 174 ] 


Condole, iv. to with, tco/ 

tomvrau ; tcojalto {&^) s ; nijku- 
yami tco iu. 

Condolence, n. (on a death) ku- 

yami ; alto. 

letter of , kuyami-jo. 

words of , choshil^=i\). 

Condone, t.v. yiljo (^gR) s. 

Conduce, i.v. to to, no/tasuke 

ni nam ; ico/hojo (^^) s ; wojjosei 
(flfijSt) s ; iio/tashi ni nam. 

to to health, yojo {f|4.) "o 

tame ni nam ; karada no tame ni 

Conducive, a. to be to, v. 


Conduct, n. (behaviour) okonai 
qyojb (frTO ; hit\kb (to^t) 5 mxmochi 
{m^); sho,jy5 (mm) ; icoi (^S) 
kyodo ($tM) ; (escort) goso (^^) 
ffoci (aS5); (guiding) kywid (*Sm) 
/eftifci; annai (^ft); (manr^ement 
iori-aisukai ; iori-okonai ; shori (^ 
3) ; shikko (^ff) I (manners) f/ybgi 

Conduct, t.v. (as, water) hiku ; (con- 
trol) kwanri (^^) s ; .shihai (igE) 
."J ; (manage) tori-atstikau ; tori-oko- 
nau ; shobun (iS^) s ; shori (^3) « ; 
(show the way) nojannai tco s ; tnicAi- 
b»An< ; (to the hospital, etc.) okuru ; 
(to ix)lice station, or before magis- 
trate) incU (giSc) s [Civ. Pro.]. 

badly ed (of persons), gybgi 

(ffgl) no icami ; fugybgi (5f:"ff^) 
1V1 ; fuhinko {yp.SifT) na. 

Conductor, n. amvaisha (^ft^) ; 
kyodosha {*^^^) ; (of a train, etc.) 
sliasho (i^^) ; shacho ($^) ; (of 
heat) dotai (^J^c) ; (physics) videm- 

lightning' , hiraishin (JSM 

Cone, n. ensuikei (H^B); (of a 
pine-tree) matsvJcasa ; inatsu-bokk-uri. 

Confabulate, i.v. komca s ; uchi- 
tokete hanasv. ; hanashi-au. 

Confabulation, n. konwa {^M) I 
Mchi-toketa hanashi ; hanashi-ai. 

Confectioner, n. kicashiya. 

Confectionery, n. kitasM (^J-) ', 
tokica iWM) ', kicashi-mi. 

Confederacy, n. (in a bad sense) 
Mo (^^); (leagne) domei ((^S); 
meiyaku (Siil) ". (of states) rempb {J^ 
^) ; domeikokii (|^S^) ; meiyaku- 
koku {M^M)- 

Confederate, a. ddnui no ; mdyalcu 
no ; rengo (^'^) shit'am ; (in a bad 
sense) toid no. 

states , dbmelkoku ( [^ ffl 13 ) . 

Confederate, i.v. domei s ; meiyaku 
s ; rengo s ; (in a bad sense) toio s. 

Confederate, n. katan (flp}g.) «o 
7)iono ; domeis}ia (I^ffli^^) ; (in a bad 
sense) ioto no mono; (in crime) (Zo- 
na ; renmi (^!||) ; katodo. 

Confederation, n. (act of) eqtiiv. 
of Confederate (i.v.) foil, by koto ; 
(league) v. Confederacy. 

Confer, t.v. (a diploma, etc.) juyo (g 
51) s ; (grant) atae-m ; sadzukeru ; 
tamau ; (of alms) hodokosu. 
ceremony of ring di- 
plomas, shosho-juyoshiki (sSWS 

to favours, megumi ico hoilo- 

kosu ; megumi ico kake-m ; jihi (^J 
^) ICO tarerii. 

Confer, i.v. .todan (ffllfe) s ; danji-au ; 
kake-au ; uchi-aicase ico s ; hiki-au ; 
'«2/0f;i (^W) s ; shbgi (j^^) s ; dangb 

(g«l^) •' ; ^-yogi (las) s. 

Conference, n, shbgi (fSl^) ; dam- 
pan (Wk^\)', J'yogi {WWt)'f kicaidan 
('teJ'c) ; kake-ai ; sbdan (ffigH) ; dan- 
gb ; kyoiji ; (meeting) sodankicai (tQ 
ife-t); 'kybgikicai {^B^) : hybgi- 

kxcai mm%)- 

of the Houses (pari.), kybgi- 


the Peace , heiica-kwaigi ( ^ 

Confess, t. and i.v. liakvjb (jQS^) s ; 
(disclose) uchi-ake-m ; (voluntarily, 
of a crime) jihaku (^fi) 5 ; jis'nu (^ 
■^) s ; (with remorse) zange (mtS) s. 

Confessedly, adv. akiraka ni ; jlnin 
{1km) shite. 


[ 175 ] 


Confession, n. hakujo (A5K) ; zan- 
ge ; (act of) eqiiiv. of Confess foil, 
by koto ; (voluntarily of a crime) ji- 
haku ; jishu [Cr. Pro.] ; (written) 
kuchi-gaki ; kosho ( P fl^). 

to take down a , kosho tea 


Confessional, n. zangesho (WMBi)- 

Confessor, n. zange ico kiku kUo. 

Confidant, n. shimpiiku (it^K) no 
hito, or mono ; shin-yu (^'^) ; shim- 
pvku no tomo. 

Confide, i.v. to in (trust), icol 

shinyo (IWffl) s ; icolshinnin (^ffi) 
s ; wolshinji-ni ; Kojlanomu ; icof 
iayori ni s ; ni/irai (ft!^) s. 

Confide, t.v. (entrust) tanotnu ; irai 
(fi^^) ^ ; '«'^" (tt) -^ 5 7nakase-ru. 

to to (confess), ni/uchi-akeru. 

to to the care of, 7ii adzuke- 


Confidence, n. (absence of anxiety) 
anshin (^.t») ; (courage) daitan (;^ 
B9) ; tanryoku (^';f}) ; (reliance) shin- 
yo (iW/B) > tanomi ; shinnin (faffi). 

to have in, icolsh'myo s ; nij 

shinyo ico oku. 

self ,jishin (gfg). 

to forfeit , shinyo ico ushinau. 

to inspire with , anshin (^ 

,i,\) sase-ru ; (reliance on) shinyo 

sase-ru ; ate ni sase-ru. 

to lose in, ni/ shinyo wo oka- 

nai yd 7ii 7iaru ; xcojate ni shinai yo 

ni nai-u. 

want of (in the ministry), 

fushinnin (^^ff:). 

Confident, a. (bold) omoikitta ; dai- 
tnn (KW) '^'5 (i^ the sense of 
" having assured confidence ") expr, 
by utagai no nai ; (impudent) atsti- 
knmashii ; zfizushii. 

to be (in anxiety), kijohu (^ 

^i^) de am. 

to he that (positive), wo/ 

kaknjitsti ((ig;^) to s ; to/tekkiri 
oviou ; to/kakushin (S^f^) s. 

to he over , kakushin (S^fg) 

ni suglru ; ■'^hinji-siigi-i-u. 

Confidential, a. (private) himitsu 
(iK-^) "0 ; kimitsu (|^^) no ; (trusty) 
shimpuku [tt'tM.) "o ; shimubeki; 
ianomi ni ivaru ; (marked on a letter) 

despatch, kimitsusho (M^ 


letter, shintensho (S.^^). 

Confidentially, adv. naimitsu (^ 
^) ni. 

Confidently, adv. shinjite ; shinyo 

Confiding-, a. to he of a dis- 
position, moiiogoto wo karogaro- 
shiku shiiiji-ru. 

Configuration, n. katachi ; kakkd ; 
nari ; keijo {^^) ; keibo (J^tSl) [the 
last of the human figure only] ; (of 
land) chikei (Jf^). 

Confine, n. (border) sakai; kyokai 

'" ~' Jcuiki ' 

Confine, t.v. (imprison) kakomu ; 
kinico (^@) s ; kokin (tfij^) « ; (limit 
by moral force) seigen ($IJ1?&) s ; 
gentei (RSS) •'' ; kagiru ; (restrain 
mthin limits) kakomu ; toji-komu ; 
(within limits, of a soldier, student, 
etc.) kinsoku (^iil) s. 

to he d (of a woman), san (p^_) 

no toko ni oru ; sa»jokxi (iS^) ni 


to he d to the house, iohi 

ni hikkonde oi'u ; (with illness) 

hiki-komotte oru. 
Confinement, n. (imprisonment) 
kinko (^M) '> kingoka (^W<) ; kan- 
kin ( J^okin mm I (of »■ 
woman) san 7io toko ; sanjoku ; 
(^-ithin limits) kinsoku (^a£). 

for life, shdshin-chdeki (^^ 

domiciliary (a iHimshment), 

tsiitsushimi ; kinshin (M^ ) I ^'*'" 
mon (PflPg); chikkrjo (®^) [the 
last was a form of punishment 
inflicted by lords on their vassals 
in the days of the Shogunate]. 

major , jtlkinko (ffi^gS). 

minor , keikinko (IS^SS)- 

solitary , misshitsu-kaiiJcln 


[ 176 ] 


Contiriu, t.v. (make certain) tashUca- 
me-ru ; kakutei (|f^^) s ; (of a bishop) 
nijanshushiki (S^^) wo okonau ; 
ni/kenshinrei (Sff fiS) 'co okonau ; 
(ratify) iashtkameru ; kakunin ((^fg) 
.s- ; (strengthen) tsuyoku s ; kakvjitsu 

(SgiK) "i •"'• 

to be ed, (by a bishop) atishu 

ICO vkeru ; (of a rumour) tashika- 

Confiriliatioil, u. (making certain) 
kdhutei ; (ratification) kakunin ; ze- 
nin (;^|2) ; (recognition) ninshJo (|g, 
|g) ; (rite) nnshushiki ; kenshinrei. 

Confirmatory, a. kakvjUsu to sum. 

Confiscate, t.v. bosshii (i3.^) « ; 
tori-agent ; mcshi-age-ru ; kwanitotsu 

(tm ••<■. 

Confiscation, n. bosshu; tori-age; 

Confiajfration, n. taikica (;*:jAc); 


Conflict, n. (battle) fento (R^) ; 
(inconsistency) shotolsu (9/^) ; tei- 
shokn (ttIR) ; (struggle) toso (^^). 
of opinions, iken {^M.) "o 


Conflict, i.v. iadakau ; arasou ; (be 
in opix)sition) shofotsu s ; ai-han s ; 
tsuki-atnru ; mujun (^'^) s. 

to with, ni, or tojleishoku 

(iSJE) *■ ; shototsu s. 
Confinenco, n. (of ri\eia) orhi-ai ; 

'joryn (^f^). 
Conform, i.v. sJiUafjau ; (harmonize) 
kanau ; fxigb (^-&') s ; itchi (— S[) s. 

to to, nilshitagau; (observe, 

a regulation, etc.) wo/jinishii (|ljj|^) 
5 ; ico'jttmpo (IS^) s. 

Conformable, a with, to 

kanaite iru ; itchi shite iru. 

Conformably, adv with, ni 


with the law, horitsu (^^) 

?!t terashiie. 

Conformity, n./ui/o; itchi. 

in with, niyotte; niyori; 

no tori ; ni shitagatte. 

to be in with, nijtekigo (jg 

Conformation, n. katachi ; keijo 


of the ground, chikei (ift^). 

Confound, t.v. (amaze) hikkuri sase- 
ru ; odorokase-ni ; tainagesaseru ; 
iwjkimo wo tsubusase-ru ; (confuse 
together) koiulo (ig;(^) s ; gotchi ni 
s ; (dismay) magotsukase-ru ; (in 
argument) helko (PflP) sase-ru; n- 

to be ed, hikkuri s ; odoroku ; 

tamage-ru ; kimo wo tsxibusxi ; (con- 
fused) magire-ru. 

Confounded, a. (abominable) ima- 

Confront, t.v. (set face to face) tsuki- 
awase-ru; taislio {^W^ ^ ', (stand 
fiice to face) ni/mukai-au ; nljtai- 
ritsu O-jlt) s ; (Ttntnesses with ac- 
cused persons) taishitsu (|^It) f>ase- 
ru [Cr. Pro., Civ. Pro.] ; tnl.shin (?t3F) 
s ; mxtki-atcase-ru. 

to one another (of two 

armies), taijin (^f$) s. 

Confrontation, n. (of accused per- 
sons) taishitsu ; taishin. 

Confucianism, n. judu (^ig) ; 
jugaku (M^). 

Conf ucianist, n.jusha (M-ti)- 
Confucius, n. Kdshi (IL^F-)- 
Confuse, t.v. (one thing with an- 
other) kondo (Jft[^) s; (render ob- 
scure) magirasu ; (throw into chs- 
order) kaki-midasu ; funran (j^Sl) * \ 
kakuran (SSSl) •*' i hinran (fjflL) s. 

liable to be d, kondo shi- 


to be d, (jumbled) mucha- 

kuclia ni naru ; konzatsu (jftSi) s ; 
(lose self-possession) awiteru; 

Confusedly, adv. mucha-lcucha ni ; 
korcatsu shite ; midarete ; (with agi- 
tation of mind) urotaete ; robai shite ; 
shushd-rObai (^^|fl5fi) shite. 

Confusing, a. magiraioashii. 

Confusion, n. (mental) aicateru 
koto; xtrotae; robai; shuslto -robai : 
(of things) konzatsu ; sah-xizatsxt ($\f , 
?S) ; konran (jftft). 


Confutation, n. rompa {i^fi&) suru 
koto ; hempaku (P^). 

Confute, t.v. (disprove) yahuru ; 
ioki-yaburu ; rompa {tSai&.) s ; (silence) 
heiko (PBP) sase-ru; yari-kome-ru ; 

ii-kome-ru ; damasase-ru. < ^ 

Cong'c, n. to receive one's , 

meiishokii (15,®) sare-ru '^kaishoku 
(M^) mre-ru ; kaiko {f^M) f<f>ye-ni. 

Congeal, t.v. kdrase-ru ; hyoketsu (tJc 
^) sase-ru ; gyoketsu C^i^) saseru. 

Congeal, i.v. katamaru ; koru ; hyo- 
ketsu s ; gyoketsu s. 

Congelation, n. hyoketsu ; gyo- 

Cong"enial, a, ki no atta ; kokoro no 
atta ; dojb (1^'^) no ; dosei (J^^) no ; 
(adapted) kokoro ni kanatte iru ; ki 
ni muite iru. 

Congenital, a. mochi-mae no ; sho- 
rai (14315) no; senten-{teki) (:5fe^6^J) 
no ; -umare-nagara no ; umaretsuki 

disease, senteMoku (:5fe3^|^). 

syphilis, taidoku (^^). 

Congenitally, adv. sholoku (ife.f#) 
de ; senienteki ni. 

Conger-eel, n. liximo. 

Congested, a. to be , (of blood 

vessels) j«/i.e<,su (^ifiL) shUe oni; 
(of traffic) fusagaru ; zatto (?SJg) 
s ; ^shuseki {%^) s. 

Congestion, n. (med.) j«A.e<sw ; (of 
traffic) ■\-sJifisekl. 

of the brain, nojuketsu (Jjg 


of the kidneys, jlnjuketsa 


of the liver, kanjilketsu (Ifj"- 

of the lungs, Imijitketsu {^ 

Conglomerate, n. ketsugdseki (^ 

Conglomeration, n. iaiseki (Jg 
.^) ; katamari. 

77 ] 


Congratulate, t.v. iwau ; shuku 
iWi) s ; ga (^) s ; ni/shiikriji {MiU) 
ICO noVe-ni. 

I you on that, sore ica o 

medetai ; sore ica kyoeisu (^fft) ^« 


I have come to you, o 

yorokohi ni demashita. 

to upon, wojshuku (iH) s. 

Congratulation, n. shugi ( ; 
iwai ; shukuga iM^) ', shukugi (i^ 
^) ; keiga (gf|) ; shukuji mW- 

to offer one's s, shukuji xco 


Congratulatory, a. shugi no ; iicai 
no ; shukuji no ; shukuga no ; keiga 
no ; shukushi no ; in Chinese com- 
pounds shuku- ; as. 

telegram, shukuden (jrS,^). 

address (on state occasions), 

gahtjo (H^)- 

Cong'regate, i.v. atsumaru ; yon- 
atsumaru ; kwaigo ('^-^) s ; shukrjoai 
(%#) s > yotte takaru. 

Cong'regation, n. (religious) atsu- 
tnari ; kwaishil (^^) ; (Buddhist) 
choshu (i^^) ; chomonnin (|£MA)- 

Conjyregational, a church, 

Kumiai-kyokwai (^il'S'tfc^). 

Congress, n. ktcaigi (■^^) ; kokicai 
(S-W) ; (United States) {gasshukokti 
(-a-^S) no) kokkicai (|a#). 

Conical, a. ensulkei (H^^) no. 

Conic-section, n. saiensui-kyokm- 

sen (mmm&iW- 

ConicSj n. saiensui-kyokusengakxi (J^ 

Conifera, n. shohakkica (^2/W?1-). 
Coniferous, a. shohakkica no. 
Conjecture, n. suiryo (}§D ; sui- 
soku (Mifli)) ; suisatsu (i§M) ', oku- 

soku (mm- 

Conjecture, i.v. suiryd s ; suisoku 
s ; suisatsu s ; oshiliakaru. 

Conjoin, t.v. rengo ('S'^ * > I'enkctsii 

Conjoint, a. rengo shite aru ; renketsu 
shite aru ; in Chinese compounds 
rengo- , or Jcyodo- . 


[ 178 ] 


Cou.joiiitly, adv. ai-iomo ni ; kyodo 
shite ; reiifjo sJdte ', renketsu shite, 

Coiljiig-al, a. ftlfu (^j^) no ; kon-in 
mm) no ; kekkon (^m no. 

Conjugrate, t.v. (of European lan- 
guages) fiaigo (SE o") * '» henkica (@ 
-ffc) s ; (of Japanese) kicaisuyo (rS/H) 
s ; hataraku, 

Coujllgratiou, n. (of European lan- 
guages) ?iaigd ; henkim ; (of Japa- 
nese) kicaisityo ; luifaraki. 

[Jai^anese grammarians divide 
the verb into foiir conjugations : 
1. ycxlon (03^5) no, 2. nidan tio, 
and 3, ichidun (— P3!) "«• 2 is 
divided into kaml-nidan with indef. 
form in i and shtmo-nidan with 
indef. form in e. 2 and 3 are 
amalgamated in the spoken Lan- 
guage. V. Aston 'a Grammar of the 
spoken Language. I'ar. 3G]. 

Coiljlinctioil, n. (astron.) kicalgo 
(■t^) ; (gram.) setsuzokushi (^ffl|3). 

iu ■with, (consulting tc^e- 

ther) ni moshi-atcasete ; (in union) 
to kyodo shite ; to rcwjo shite ; to 
renketsu shite. 

Coiljlinctioil, n. (metl.) ketsurmiku 


Conjunctively, adv. v. Conjoint- 

Conjuncture, n. baai ; toki. 
critical , kiicadoi toki. 

Conjure, i.v. (by magic arts) juso (51 
^) s ; nutjinai ico s; (of a conjuror) 
tedzinni tco tsukau. 

Conjui'e, t.v. (implore earnestly) 
konsei {%,tM) *• 

Conjuring:, n. tedzumn ; tejlrui. 

Conjuror, n. tedzuma-tsukai. 

Connect, t.v. tsugxi ; tsiavagii ; ren- 
ketsu ; (S^ifeS') s ; musubi-aicaseru ; 
(as, two railway carriages) rensa (W 


ing line, renrakusen (i^lSSlR). 

.ing train, renraku-kisha (^ 

JSMi^) ; renketsu-kisha. 

to be ed with (fig.), nijkaka- 

uxtru; nijkwankei (p^)s; nij 
ktcankei ga aru ; ni.ktconren (M 

m) s. 

Connect, i.v. tsugu ; musuhu ; isura- 
7iaru ; (as trains, etc.) renraku s; 
renketsu s. 

Connected, a. tsuruigatte iru ; ren- 
zoku shite oru ; renraku shite aru. 

a account (story), tsudzuki- 


Connection, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Connect foil, by koto ; (communica- 
tion) kotsu (^iS) ; (dependence) 
kicaidcei ; kakaicari-ai ; (junction) 
renraku ; renketsu ; (point of junc- 
tion) tsuqi-me ; (relationship) eriko 
(iSttt): (relative) enja (Qc*); shin- 
zoku (^m); sfiinnn (to); (social 
intercourse) istJci-ai ; kosai (X|!S)- 

in this , t suite ira. 

to establish with (com- 
munications), to^'i'enrnku tco tsi'iji- 

to have a with (in a bad 

sense), ni,'tsfiji-i-xt. 

to sever s (relations), te iro 


Conning-tower, n. sJUreito (?g^ 


Connivance, n. mokkyo (Sk'^) ; 
mi-nogasu koto. 

Connive, i.v. mite minufari s ; shitte 
shiranufuri s. 
to at, mokkyo s ; mi-nog- tsu. 

Connoisseur, n. kanieika (f^'^'M) ', 
me-kiki; kuroto ; kanteinin(^'^X) \ 
kanteisha (SS4t)- 

of fine arts, hijutsu-hbyipyo- 

sha mmsm^n)- 

he is a great , anohltoici 

■nakanaka vie-kiki da. 

to be a , tea] me ga kiku. 

Connubial, a, kekkon (^Jg) no ; 
kon-in mm) no ; fnfu (^Jf) no. 

Conquer, t.v. (fig.) niiuchi-katsu ; 
(subdue and annex) heidon (^#) s ; 
seiryaku (ffi^) s ; ryaktidatsii {i^^) 
s ; (vanquish) nijkatsu ; seifuku (f^ 
f)^) s ; sfibatsu (ffiUt) * ! nahikase- i 
i~u ; nchi-toru. j fc 

Conquer, i.v. uchi-katsu ; katsu ; ' 
shori (^$lj) ico e-ru. 

Conqueror, n. seifukusha {^iK^) ; 
seiryakusha (5E§-^). 


[ 179 ] 


Conquest, n. seibaisu ; seifuku ; 
(and annexation) ryakudatsu (iMtf) y 
heidon (f^#) ; (victory) uchi-kachi. 

Consauffuineous, a. dosel (^\^) 
no ; ketto (ifilM) no ; ketsuzoku {MM) 
no ; ketsumyaku {MM) no ; k'dsuen 
no', chisuji no. 

Consanguinity, n. dosel ; keito ; 
ketsuzoku ; ketsumyaku ; kelsuen. 

Conscience, n.rybshm{'%,t^) ; hon- 
shin {■M't<) ; donen (jg^f;) ; marjokoro. 

having a bad , kidzumotsu- 

nshi de. 

liberty of , shinko no jiyu 


Conscientious, a. tadashii ; shojiki 
na ; seicholcu (iEyiC) na ; hosei {-^ 
j£) na ', inassu'ju na ; ryosh'm ico 

Conscientiously, adv. iadashiku ; 
shojiki ni ; seichoku ni ; hosei ni ; 
ryoshin ni sldtafjatte. 

Conscientiousness, n. shojiki na 
koto ; luisei ; honshin, or ryoshin, ni 
shitarjaii koto ; dogishin {'MM>t^) 5 ^o- 
tokushin {'MWi't'^)- 

Conscious, a. to be , (aware of) 

chikaku (JSi%) s ; oboe-ru ; shochi 
{1^^) shite oru; ki {M.) O'^ tsuUe 
oru ; (of sensation) shoki (iE^) de 
oru ; jikaku (^^) shite oru. 

Consciously, adv. jikaku shite ; sho- 
chi shite ; ki ga tsuite. 

Consciousness,n. (knowledge) oboe; 
satori ; (sensation) chUcaku (^S)- 

to return to , shoki (iE^) ni 

n'lru ; loa] me ga same-ru. 

Conscript, n. chohci {'^^i). 

Conscription, n. chohei ; choheisei 


district, chdheiku (i^J^[g). 

temporary exemption from 

y chohei-ytlyo {■'^^srimm)- 

Conscriptional, a. a man of 

age, cliolici-tekireisha (SliJ^-j^HS^). 

Consecrate, t.v. shinsei (ijnli^.) ni s ; 
ni/seihetsushiki ico okonau. 

Consecration, n. (of a bishop) 
kanioku-anshushiki (^^^) ', (of a 
bnilding) seihetsu {^M) 5 (tlie cere- 
mony) selhetsushiki (^alji^). 
prayer, seiseibun (I^^^C). 

Consecutive, a. renzoku (ji^) shite 
oru ; tsudzuite oru ; remmen (^fjj) to 
shita ; in Chinese compounds rew- 

on days, renjitsu (^0). 

Consecutively, adv. renzoku shite ; 
jun ni ; tsuranatte ; junjo (|l|g^) wo 
ote ; tsudzuke-dama ni ; tsudzukete. 

Consent, n. shddaku (^|g) ; sJiochi 
(^^) ; d5i {^M); tokushin (f^ib). 

Consent, i.v. shodaku s; daku s; 
shochi s ; tokushin s. 

Consequence, n. (result) kekkvxt 
{^i^) ; tsumari ; hate. 

a matter of , daiji (;^c^) na 

jiken (^#), or koto. 

a matter of no , saji (j^^) ; 

sasai (^^H) najUcen; tsumararud 

as a of, no kekkwa to shite. 

in , yotte ; kono yue ni. 

in of, no yue ni. 

it is of little , taishita koto 

de mo nai. 

Consequent, a. shitagatte kU'n~u ; 
yotte okoru ; yotte dekiru. 

Consequential, a. shikakubaita ; 
to talk in a manner, shisai- 

rashii koto ico iu. 

Consequentially, adv. shVciku- 

batte ; yodaibutte. 

Consequently, adv. yotte ; kore ni 
yotte ; yue ni ; tsuite ; kore ico motte. 

Conservancy, n. forest , shii- 

rin-hogo {^W^M)- 
Conservative, n. kofcika {'HM,'^) ; 
mukashi-fu no hito ; [injunka (^V&'M) 

is r£i)plied to s as a term of 


party, hoshuto {H'^M) [tlio 

hoshutd as a party no longer exists 
in Japan but the present teikokutH 
{^fW\M) i^ some ways corrospv)uds 
to it]. 


[ 180 ] CON 

■Consei'vative, a. kofa no ; muka- 
shi-fu no ; shukyu (^^) 9io ; hostni 
(S:^) no ; hoshuteki (^#6^) no. 

Coiisorvatisni, n. hoshu-sliugi (fft 

Conservatoire, n of music, 

ongaku-gakko (b'IS*^^). 
Conservatory, n. muro. 

Consider, t.v. (look at favourably) 
kambeii (i^)^) s ; (look upon as) to/ ; (take into account) shalcu- 
'>'yo (Sd:^) s ; .skinshakxi (g'H5^) s ; 
(think) tolshiryb (^1^) s. 

to as, iOjkokoroe-ru. 

to necessary, hitsttyd to s. 

Considering:, part, kangnete mite ; 
kangaete ; ni .shite. 

he is a foreigner, he is 

good at Japanese, gwaikoku-jin 
id shite tea 2\Viongo wajodzu da. 

Consider, i.v. (reflect) kangae-ru ; 
shiryo s (.©JS) > kanko s ; sfiian (,g, 

m) *•■ 

to carefully, jukuryo s ; 

iolcu to kangae-ru. 

Considerable, a. (moderately large) 
zmbvii (H[^) bki na ; zuVmn na ; 
sukuuaku nai ; kanari na ; (of per- 
sons) migara na ; mil)un (^ ^) no 
.shikkari shita ; 7nibun no ant. 

Considerably, adv. yolwdo ; zuihun ; 
daihu ; oi »a. 

Considerate, a. sasshi no yoi; 
kamben (^^) no am ; omoiyari no 

Considerately, adv. sassU-gokoro 

ga atte ; kamben (^j^) .shite ; omoi- 

Consideration, n. (deliberation) 
.shiryo ; kangae ; (law) hoshu (^fiffl) 5 
(thoughtful sympathy) kamben (|gi 
591) ; sasshi. 

8 (reasons), riyfi (3|tj) ; jiko 

in of, no/ltoshii to shilc. 

mature ,jukko (?Ai^) ; juku- 

^y^ {?ft^) ; chinshi. 

out of for you, anaia ni 


to leave out of , dogioai (f^ 

{/[') ni okit. 

to take into , shakuryd {fify 

§) 6' ; shinshaku s. 

■want of , (deliberation) kei- 

sotsu (H^) ; (sympathy) sasshi no 

nai koto. 

without due , manzen (S^)- 

Consigfn, t.v. (com.) okuru. 

Consignee, n. ni-uke-nin [Com. Co.] ; 
uketori-nin ; todoke-saki. 

Consignor, n. okuri-te ; tsumidashi- 

Consignment, n. (act of) okuni 
koto ; (of goods) okuri-ni. 

new of goods, shin-ni {^fJi). 

Consist, i.v. to in, nijaru; nif 

son (#) s. 

to of, yorijnari-tatsu; ni/ 


Consistency, n. (of opinion) kokya 
fS.X) ; zengo-kicantsn (B^f^Hii) ', (of 
parts) koketsu (Hfc^). 

Consistent, a. (of acts) ni-uwashii ; 
zengo-kimntsu sum ; itchi shite oru ; 
(of iiersons) kokyil tea ; mujun shinai ; .suru ; genko-itchi (fX 
?f— IS:) no. 

a person, (in policy) itlei ( — 

^) no hoshin (:^it) wo torn hito ; 

(in principle) .shugi tco mamoru 


Consistently, adv. kokya ni ; mujun 
nakti ; zengo-kwantsu shite ; genko- 
itchi shite ; ni-axcastdku. 

Consolation, n. nagusame ; iseki 
(MM) ; an-i (^JS) ; bui (mM)- 

race, bujutsu-kyoso (^tlilM 

Console, t.v. nagusame-m ; iseki s ; 
an-i s ; bui s. 

Consolidate, t.v. (combine) gappei 
(n"^) s ; (make firm) katameru ; 
kataku s ; kyoko (5£0) ni .s ; (unify) 
itto (—14) s ; toitsu s. 
ed bonds, v. Consols. 

Consolidation, n. kengo (SH) ;, 
katameru koto ; itto ', toitsu ; (com-* 
bining) gappei (^^). I 

Consoling, a. nagusamem ; isekv. 
sum ; an-i suru ; bui suru. 

CON [ 181 ] 


Consols, n. sviri-kosai (^IJ|^^) ; 

Coil.soiiaiicc, n. (of sounds) ica-in 


of opinion, iken no itchi (^, 

n.y—ik); iken no fugd (1^^). 

Consonant, n. ski-in (J-^ ; fuin 

Consonant, a. to be , kanau. 

Consort, n. (of a King) kogo (^Jo) ; 
(wife or husband) haigusha (^lliii^) 
[Civ. Co., Cr. Pro.]. 

Consort, i.v. (with, to) m'tjiiearu ; 
tsuki-au ; kosai (^R55) *• 

Conspicuous, a. (eminent, of a 
person) bakkun {t§.t$) 'lo > chomei 
(^IW) no ; keneho {M^) no ; (notable) 
ichijirushii ; omodatta. 

a figure in politics, seikai 

(i^#) "0 o-atama ; o-date-mono. 

to be , me ni tatsu ; medatsu ; 

hiio no me ni tsuku. 

to cut a figure (fig.), glzen 

(M?^) <o *^"'« tokaku (Mf^l) ^^o 


Conspicuously, adv. medatte ; me- 
datsu hodo ; ichijirushiku ; bakkun 

Conspicuousness, n. (eminence of 
a person) bakkun ; iakuzetsn (ip.|g) ; 
chomei ; keneho ; also eqviivaleiits of 
To be conspicuous foil, by holo. 

Conspiracy, n. muhon (gJi^;^) ; imbo 
mm\ told {^m)\ (legal) kyobd 

Conspirator, n. vmhon-nln (^\}^'M 
A); imhdsha (MB^i); toto-n'.n (y^. 


Conspire, i.v. muhon ico okosu ; toto 
s ; toto wo musubu ; dobo {^^) s. 

to together, kyobd' {jit^}^) s ; 

dobuku ( (^ BS) ni mini. 

to with, nr/wxre-au ; to/ 

kyobd s; 

Constable, n. (consular) keisatsu- 
kican (^^^'B ) ; (police) (^M^) ; 
keisatsukioan ; keUcican (^"k*). 

plain-clothes , kakusode- 

junsa ; heifuku junsa i^lM.M^)- 

Constancy, n. (of affection) kdshiti 
("Ifi'tO ; kokoro no kaicaranai koto ; 
(of women only) telsd (^^) ; tei- 
setsu (^iJ). 

Constant, a. (continuous) fudan (Tfl 
gH) na ; taema no nai ; (firm) shik- 
kari shita ; kakko taru ; kdshin no 
aru ; (not fickle) kawaranai ; fueki 
(/p^) ■>ia ; (of a woman) telsd na ; 
ieuietsu im. 

a friend, funkei (JjlJ^) no 


Constantly, adv. tsune ni ; fadan ; 
heizei (zf-ife.) ; shiju {^^Wl ; clidseki 
(^^) ; /«e/ci ni; (often) shikirini; 

to rain , furl-tsudzuku ; shikiri 

to far a ; furi-shikiru. 

Constellation, n. seishuku (^,.^) 
[a.n. shukv] ; seiza (Mi^)- 

Consternation, n. odorokl ; kei' 
gaku (,tl^'H?) ; osore ; bikkuri. 
to be in , gyoien (Pp?^) ■^• 

Constipated, to be , kesshi- 

ru ; wa]tsfiji ga nai ; hilcetsu (68f.fe^> 
.s ; bempi (i^;^>) tco okosu. 

Constipation, n. lempi {[^iff.) ; 
isftji no nai koto ; hiketsu. 

Constituency, n. (political) senkyo- 

ku m^^h 

Constituent, a. (essential) honshiisu 

(^K) "0 ; genso (tvM) no. 
Constituent, n. (chem.) getiso {yc 

-^-) ; (essential part) seibun (^5J")- 
s (parliamentary), senki/o-ku- 

min imm&R)- 

Constitute, t.v. (appoint) Jiinjirn ; 
sentei (^^/£) s ; (be equiv. to) ni/ 
ataru ; (compose, form) kumi-tate-ru ; 
tate-ru ; .letsuritsn (35cjZ) * > kdsei 
{M^) •'•■ ; (enact) sadame-ru ; taleru ; 
mdke-ru ; .feitei (!lil])£) .s'. 
Constitution, n. (form of govorn- 
ment) seital (SJCfS) ; (of the body) 
shd (14) ; talshitsH (^^) ; karada ; 
(structure) kumi-tate ; soshiki. 

cold , Jdeslio. - 

does not suit my , xcatalcu- 

shi no shd ni aicanai. 


[ 182 ] 


law of the of the Courts 

of justice, salhansho-loseiliu (^^J 


that man has a weak , 

ano h'lto ica karada (jn yoicai. 

warm , nesshislio. 

written , kempo {W.^)- 

Constitutioual, a. (of the body) 

umare-tsuki no; setrui {^^) no; 

tachino; koyn (13^) no; (political) 

' kenseiteki (^j^iS^) no ; kempoieki 

(Mikii'-l) no ; rlkkenteki (:iL^M) no. 

a infirmity, iden (iSH^) no 

yamai ; idnihyb (igPS^). 

government, rikken-seiUd 


<Jonstitutioua!l.y, ailv. vmaretsiikl 
ni yotte ; seirai ni yotte ; (political) 
rikkenteki ni ; kempojo (^Jii.) de. 

he is weak, sliorai yoicai 

fit to da. 

lam strong^, icaiakushi tea 

xnnaretsnki johu da. 

Constrain, t.v. (force) shii-ru ; kyo- 
sei (jfi^lj) .'f ; (repress) osae-tsukeru. 

to be ed to do, yondokoro 

nakii s ; yaimi iro edzu s ; yogi naku 
&■ ; zehi naku s. 

Constraint, n. kyosei ; (restraint) 
kiyane ; enryo (jMM) J (that which 
constrains) selgen ($lj^) ; sokuhaku 


Constrict, t.v, asshuku (g^) s; 
to be ed, sliftshuku (44|fe') .«> 

Constriction, n. assJadai; (stated 
of) shushukn. 

Construct, t.v. (build) kenchiku 
(^^) ■••■; f^ozo (JtiS) s; (earth 
works) kidzuku ; chikuzo (|£i^) s ; 
(devise) kiifu (X>^) s ; (make) fsidcii- 
7"u ; koshirae-ru ; (put together) kvmi- 

Construction, n. keiei ; (act of 
building, etc.) equiv. of Construct 
foil, by koto ; (inference) handan 
(^)8r) ; suidan (MK) I (interpreta- 
tion) kaishaku ((5P^) ; (manner of 
building) isulcurl-kata ; kozo ; kak- 
ko ; (of a bridge) kasefsu (JgaJ) ; 

(of a building) tate-kata ; kozo ; (of a 

company, body, etc.) sosJdki (^ISi) ; 

(of a document) huntai (^1-^) ; 


railway company (mil.), 

iels^iido-fusetsu-iai {^m§kWiB)- 

Constructive, a. (positive) seA- 
kyokuteki (^^ft^J) no; kenseisuteki 
(mWk{\^) no. 

Constructively, adv. kckkicateki 
(i^mfl<I) ni. 

Construe, t.v. toku ; kaishaku (^Jp^) 
s ; (translate) yaku s ; naos%t. 

Consul, n. ryoji {^^). 

acting , dairi-rydji (f^Il 


acting general, dairi-so- 

ryoji (i^^mm)- 

acting vice , dairi-fidai- 


general, .sory'iji. 

pro , ryoji-dai (^5.^fi,). 

senior , joseki-rydji {±.fffl 

vice , fuku-ryoji ( glj g|.^). 

Consular, a. ryoji no. 

corps, kakkoku-ryojl (^^ 


officer, ry^jikican ($S$'g"). 

Consular ag'ent, n. daiben-ryoji 

Consulate, n. ryojikican (®^^T) ; 
ryojlcho (gjj^;!?,)." 

general, soryojikwan (j&M 


vice , fakm-yojikican (M'JSfl 


Consult, i.v. to with, tolsodan 

mm) « ; toldamjo (^^) s ; to/ 
i'yo'ji (aPS^) s ; iojshogi (jSjgg) .9 ; 
tolcyofji (^^) s. 

Consult, t.v. (a book) wo/shirabe-i-u ; 

(a doctor) ni/kakaru ; ni/mite morau ; 
7io/shinsatsu (^|^) ico %dce-ru ; (a 
person) equiv. of Consult (i.v.) ?>i 
being substituted for to. 

to the convenience of, 

HO.Ic/iri tco hakaru. 


[ i«3 ] 


Consultation, n, sddan ; dango ; 
hyd(ji ; kyogi ; kake-ai ; (act of) 
eqiiiv. of Consult foil, by koto. 

liours (doctor's), shinsatsu- 

jUcan (fl^mm)- 

Consume, t.v. (destroy by fire) yaki- 
tsukusu ; shokyaku (j^'ip) s ; shomo 
(lft"$f ) s ; (goods) tsubusu ; shohi 
(i'fijf) s ; (time) tsuiyasu; shohi 
(i^'3g) s ; tsubusu ; (use up) tsukai- 
tsukusu ; shohi (J^jg) s ; shomo 

to be d (of goods), hake-ru. 

Consume, i.v. tsuki-ru ; naku nam. 

Consumer, n. (of goods) shdhisJia 
(M'i-^) ; juyosha (^ffl^-) ; tsukaite. 

Consummate, a. mujo (*i£±.) no ; 
kono ue mo luii ; saijo (^Ji) no ', 
also expr. by no kiicamari after the 

Consummate, t.v. shi-age-ru ; joju 
s ; kanzen s ; zemhi s. 

Consummately, adv. mujo (teji) 
ni ; kono ue mo naku ;. saijo ?ii. 

Consummation, n. kanzen (^^) ; 
zemhi (^ti) ; j5ju (^afc). 

Consumption, n, (amount con- 

siimed) shohi-daka ; shohi-gaJcu ; 
(disease) haibyo (B$;^) ; rosho (^^) ; 
hairo (U^) *. (of goods) shohi (j^^) ; 
sliomo (i'i^"$t) ; hakc-kata ; Iiake- 

Consumptive, a. (affected with 
consumiition) Jiaibyo, or rosho (^^), 
or hairo, ni kakatta ; (having a ten- 
dency to consumption) hnihyb-shitsu 
(Ii)> or no ke, ga am. 

person, haibyo-kicanja (.'^>#). 

Contact, n. (touch) sesshoku (J^S|) ; 

point of , setten (t^Si). 

to be in , sesstiru; setcJiaku 

s ; mitchaku s. 

to come in with, (touch) 

nilfure-m ; (violently) nijtsuki- 

to place in , setchaku (^^-) 

.sase-m ; mitchaku (^Ig) sase-ru. 

Contagion, n. densen (g?^). 

direct , chokusetsu-densen {^ 

Contagious, a disease, dcH- 

senbyo (f#|jfe^) ; utsuri-yamai ; 
chokusetsu-densenbyo (jH^lIf?!^^). 
to be , utsuru ; densen (!§; 

Contain, t.v. (as an ingredient) wo/ 
gan-yu ('a'^) s ; (hold) expr. by 
Aaint " to enter " [E. obj. -r- J. subj.]. 

a box ing 1 dozen, ichi- 

dazu-ire no hako. 

cannot one's self, tamara- 

nai ; tca^shimbo ga dekinai ; ica\ 
gaman ga dekinai ; taerai'enai. 

to be d in, nojnaka ni 


to one's self, shimbo [^^) 

s ; gaman (|iJlS) s ; tae-ru. 

Contaminate, t.v. kegasu ; yogosu ; 
osen (f5|fe) s. 

to be d, kegare-ru ; yogoreni ; 

osen s ; (fig.) aku ni samaru. 

Contamination, n. kegare ; yogo- 
re; okicai (f$^); osen (f^Vk); (act 
of) equiv. of Contaminate foil, by 

Contemn, t.v. (despise) anadoru ; 
besshi ()?gljlS) 6' ; keibetsu (^JS|) s ; 
rybjoku (!^#) s. 

Contemplate, t.v. (a person) naga- 
me-m ; (a view) nagame-ru ; chobo 
(1^^) .s- ; (intend) Icuicadate-ru ; yoki 

mm)-'^; yosb mms; kim^-, 

kilo (4^H) s ; (look at closely) jukushi 
(^$@) s ; (meditate on, study) jw/<;»so 
(^^) ^ ; mokko (S^#) s ; chinshi 
(•^-S) s ; jukko (f^^) s. 

I going, iko to omou. 

this was not d by the law, 

horitsu tea kore xm ganchu (BRrfj) 

ni okanakatta. 

Contemplation, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Contemplate foil, by koto ; 
(meditation) jukushi ; mokko ; chin- 
shi ; jukko. 

to have in , kuvxidale-ru; 



[ 1^1 ] 


Contemplative, a. (of persons) 
shinryo (Q^Ht) na. 

faculties, shisoryoku (.I',,'® 

ij); shikoryoku (^■,^:fy). 

I was in a mood to-day, 

kyo ua kangae-gofo hakari shiie 

Couteiuplatively, a<lv. rkJnshi- 
mokko sJdte ; chinshi sltlie. 

Contemporaneous, a. v. Con- 
temporary (a). 

CoutemiK>raneousness, n. 

eqxiiv. of Contemporary foil, by 

Contemi>orary, a. do-jidai (I^^f^) 
no; doji (1^^) no ', onaji jidai no ; 
hltofsu jidai no. 

Contemi>orary, n. do-jidai no Into. 

Contempt, n. anadori; hes.shi (^ 
m): keibetsu (W^) ; kdhu (fa^) ; 
i-yojohm (|$#). 

of Court (or of officials), 

kwanri-bvjoku (I^MW^) 

to treat witli , keiheisu s; 

hvjoku (Hf^) s ; naigasJdro ni s. 

Contemptible, a. iyashii ; gesen 
(TttS) "o ; hiretsu (^^) no ; iya na. 

Contemptibleness, n. eqniv. of 
Contemptible foil, by koto. 

Contemptiblj", adv. iya.sJiUcu ; ttire- 
ts^i ■nl. 

Contemptuous, a. hujoJcu (fft^) 

shita ; iyasldmeia. 

to be , kenasu ; iyasldmeru. 

Contemptuously, adv. iyasldmete ; 
kenashite [the latter is not as forcible 
as the former]. 

Contend, i.v. to about (dis- 
pute), ni tsidte/'kaion (Pg«) s ; ni 
ifnute/giron (^fft) s. 

to for, icolkisou ; ico/arasou ; 

icojkyoso (j^^) s. 

to that, tojshucho (±3g)s; 

tojronjiru ; tojii-haru. 

to with, (in debate) to/soron 

(^Iw) s ; to/toron (|tf^) s ; (strive 
against) to/arasou ; tojtatakau. 

Contenclingr, a. kyoso (^^) sum. 

Content, n, manzoku (S5i2.) ; cld- 
soku (^ffi) ; (freedom from anxiety) 
an.tJdii [^Jt>)- 

Content, t.v. (qniet) anskin ($,t») 
sase-ru ; (.satisfy) manzoku sa.'ieru. 

I am quite ed, sore tea 

hoinmo (3|c;g) da. 

Contented, a. yoku no nai; bun. 
ni yasunjiru ; <a?tt koto ico sldru. 

to be , manzoku s ; anshia s ; 

(with one's share) bun (5}") ni 

Contentedly, adv. manzoku sidle; 
anshin shite. 

Contentedness, n. manzoku .sidle 
om koto ; anshin shite oru koto. 

Contention, n. (altercation) soron 
i^tm); (argument) idron {M^) 
(point maintained in an argtiment) 
ro,*/.„ (dAIi) ; (strife) kyosd (UW) - 

ioso m^)- 

bone of , chfigen (4'JSC) no 


Contentious, a. (quarrelsome) ken- 
kica-(\S§tf(t)-dzuki na ; soron-dzuki »*«. 

a subject, yakama.t}di giron 


Contentment, v. Content. 

Contents, n. (of a book) slou (@.i;) ; 
(of a l)ox) naka no viono ; zaichu- 
hutsu (ifett't^) ; (of a letter) kaite am 
koto ; filchil (Jt't") ; (subject-matter) 
table of , moknroku ( J^). 

Conterminous, a. ai-sessnru ; 
sakai KO onaju sunt. 

Contest, t.v. (dispute) ara.iou ; hen- 
ron (^Im) s ; (of a seat in Parlia- 
ment) kyoso (fSt^) s ; (struggle to 
maintain) t ryokushu {'fy'^) s; 
t>i (J^E^) s. 

Contest, n. (battle) ioso; .sen^a 
(|g^) ; kosen (^K) ; (debate) soron 
(mm); loron (|tfft) ; (strife) tds5 
(M^)> kyoso (jg^); (result of, 
whether victory or defeat) shohu U 

mm ; ^''ohai (mm. 

a bloody , kessen. 

in the thick of the , kessen 

y<(irl,,'i dfiLfSc^ffi) ni. 


[ 185 ] 


Context, n. kotoha no tsudzxth'i ; 
zenfjo (M^) "0 hunsho (^S^) ; himi- 
riiy'aku (^Jlfllfi). 

Contiguous, a. sekkiii sum ; ai- 

to be , ai-sessuru ; sekkin 

(ScS) s ; ai-tsuranarii ; tsudziiku. 

Contiguously, adv. ai-sesshUe ; 

sekkin shite ; tsuranatte ; tsudzitHe. 

Contiguousness, n. eqniv. of 
Contiguous foil, by koto. 

Continence, n. (moderation) sessei 
(S5|IJ) ; (sexual) setsuyoku (iU^). 

Continent, a. sessei no ; setsuyoku 

Continent, n. tairiku (AM.) ; ^^ 
Chinese compounds -sha (iHI) ; (as 
distinguished from an island) riku 


the five s, ijodaishn (EXiW)- 

the of Europe, Yoroppu- 


Continental, a. tairiku (A^) no. 

Continently, adv. sessei (ffRiljlJ) 
.shite ; setsmjoku ($Si^) shite. 

Contingency, n. rinji (E^BJ) no 
koto ; furyo (Tf:/^) no koto ; igtcai no 

in case of a , i<jicai (;f;^H no 

koto no atta toki tea. 

Contingencies, n. (expenses) rinji- 
Id (E£B$g). 

Contingent, a, rlnji (EgUj) no ; 
{liaen (^^) no ; \ijxmi (S;^) "o '■> 
furyo (:^J#) no. 

Contingent, n. (mil.) hunkentai 


Contingently, adv. rinji ni ; (jilzea 
ni ; fuji ni ; igwai ni ; furyo ni. 

Continual, a. taenai ; kandan (P^RTf) 
no luii ; iaema jio nai ; (lasting) 
eizoku (:^i(S) swu ; eUcyu (rKA) no. 

Continually, adv. shikiii ni; kan- 
dan (fi^K) naku ; yamndzu ; taedzu ; 
ttuma naJcu. 

Continuance, n. sonzoku (tf-iSi)- 
long , eizoku (rl^). 

Continuation, n. keizoku 
renzoku (JUgJ) ; remmen (j^lS) ; 
tsudzuki ; (as heading of an article 
continued from a previous issue) 
shozen (^nil) 5 (of " book) tsudzuki. 
school, hoshu-gakkb (fljj^ 

Continuative, ■ . (gram.) renzoka- 

tai {mmn)- 

Continue, i.v. tsudzuku ; keizoku s ; 
renzoku s ; (still exist) son (#) s ; 
[when foil, by a verb in the inf. in 
English, the indef. form of the verb 
in Japanese is pref. to tsvdzuku]. 

s to be , hiki-tsxtdzuite 

de aru. 

still s, mtda yamaiuii. 

to to rain, furi-tsudzulcu. 

Continue, t.v. tsudzuke-ru ; keizoku 
sase-ru ; renzoku sase-ru. 

Continuing, a expenditure, 

keizokuhi ' 

Continuity, n. renzoku (^<K) ; kei- 
zoku imm) ; tsxidzuki. 

Continuous, a. tsudzuita ; renzoku 
shiiii. ; keizokti shiia ; also expr. by 
the siiflix doshi ; as, 

pain, kurushimi-doshi. 

walking, aruki-doshi. 

Continuously, adv. shiju {jn^H); 
tsudzukete ; tsudzuite ; taedzu ; keizoku 
shite ; remmen (ii-ffl) to shite ; hiki 
mo kiradzti. 
to rain , furi-tsudzuku. 

Contort, t.v. (the body) hin-ru ; 
nejiru ; nmge-ru ; (the face) shilcame- 

ed face, shikaini-tsura. 

Contorted, a. to be , (of pot- 
tery, glass, etc.) yu<ja)ide i-ni ; (of 
things) nejirete i-ru. 
Contortion, n. yugami; lUso other 

eqniv. of Contort foil, by koto. 
Contour, n. kakko (t&jfif-) ; (cir(;um- 
ference) soto-nvivxtri \ shfii (^DB)J 
(of a face, figure) yobo (^$i) ; kxo- 


[ 18G ] 


Contraband, a. Icinshi (^it) no; 

kinsei (^$IJ) no; go hatto [W^^) 


groods, ki)isei-Mn (^$IJq^); 

Jdnsei-kioahutsu {^^\MY'^) '• nuke- 
mono ; 

Contraband, n of war, sen- 

ji-kinseihin (K^^i&J «*?,). 

Contract, n. yakujd {^'q^) ; ynku- 
sokti mM); keiyaku m^ [Civ. 
Co., Com. Co.] ; uke-oi (I^M) I (of * 
company or jiartnership) teikican 

breach of , iyaku [Civ. Co.]. 

building' , kenchiku-ukeoi. 

damagres for breach of , 

lyakukin (m^^) [Civ. Co.]. 

written , yakujosho (i^x^S) ; 

ynkvjdgaki ; keiyaktisho (^t<jS). 

C'ontract, t.v. (a disease) uco'yamu ; 

wolokosii ; mjkakaru ; (diminish) 
rhijime-ni ; genji-ru ; (enter into) 
innsuhu ; (shorten) chijimern ; tan- 
shuku (^M ^'^^ 

to debts, shakkli (JS^) »co 

.«, or koshirae-ru. 
• to vicious habits, »ra] 

icaitil kuse gn tsuku. 

Contract, i.v. (diminish) chijimu; 
genji-ni ; (make an agreement) yaku- 
jo s ; yaku s ; yakusoku s ; keiyaku 
.s- ; itjce-au ; (shorten) tanshuku s. 

Contractibilitv, n. shiishiikusldtsu 

Contractile, a. shushtiktifhitsn Jto. 

Contraction, n. (reduction) gensho ; 
(shrinking) chijimeru koio ; .shfishuku 

Contractor, n. iikeoin'm ; ukeoi- 
army , rlkugun-yoiashi (^"^ 


government , goyo-shonhi 

mmmA); yotasM. 

Contradict, t.v. (refute a statement) 
kZhen (tt^) s; koron (t^lfe) s; 
haku (gi) s ; (cancel a statement) ii- 
kesu ; xtchi-Jces%i ; (person) nijhantai 
(KSt) « : ni'sakdiriu. 

Contradiction, n.hempaku (^5x.) ; 
koben ; koron ; ii-keshi ; iichi-keshi ; 
(act of) equiv. of Contradict foil, 
by koio ; (inconsistency) sogo (SS®)- 

C'ontradictorily, adv. (inconsist- 
ently) mty«?i Jii; (in opposition) 

Contradictoriness, n. sakarai- 

yasui koto. 

Contradictory, a. (inconsistent) 

mujun (^/§) 7ia ; tatanai ; ts^iiji- 
tsuma no aicantii ; (of a person) 

Contradistinction, n. in 

to, 7i)/hanshite. 

Contrariwise, adv. ai-hanshUe ; 
ahekohe ni ; vtte-katcntte ; hnntui 

Contrary, a. (adverse) hantni no. 
winds, mrikai-kaze; gyaku- 

.f'-i mB.)- 

to be to, nijlmn (TiL)s; (iu 

contravention of) nijihai (^^) s ; 
ni/somuku ; ni/ihan {^S.) * I (to 
the principle of a law) nljhaichl 

(irsft) s. 

Contrary, n. nra ; uruhara ; huniui. 

on the fJcaetie; kore nihan- 

s-hUe ; nttc-kaicatte. 

Contrast, t.v. kurabete mi-ru ; 
kurahe-ru ; taisho (]^!|3) s ; hikaku 

am) *. 

Contrast, i.v. kiimdatsu ; kivoadatle 

chlgau ; taiji {^t^) s. 
Contrast, n. chigai ; hantai. 
Contravene, t.v. ni/sakarau; nij 

somuku ; 7ii/tagau ; ni/ifiai (^^) s ; 

tcojokasu; wojyabuni; ni/ihan {^fx,) 

s [Civ. Co., Com. Co.], 

Contravention, n. thai; ihan; 
also equiv. of Contravene foil, by 

of a reg'ulation, hansoku 


of the police regulations, 

ikelmi (i^^m [Civ. Co., Cr. Pro.]. 
Contretemps, n. ainiku yia koto ; 
omoi-mokenai futsxigo {'^M'^) J /"* 
(^E) no hen (g|). 


[ 187 ] 


Contribute, t.v. dashi-au ; Mshin 
i^M) s ; Icifu (^Pft) s ; goryoku {-g. 
•fy) s; (of money in charity) gien (^ 
ffl ) s ; (of money only) shulckin ( UJ 

Contribute, i.v. (fig.) koken s ; 
(have a share in an effect) nojiashi 

ni naru. 

to be a ing cause, adzukntte 

chikara am. 

Contribution, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Contribute foil, by koto; (of an 
inclividual) kifu (^Rt) ; kishin (^ 
if) ; (of a ntmiber of people) kyoyo 
(gg^ ; dashi-ai; (of money to a 
charity) gien-kin (||^g^) ; (the 
money itself) dashi-ai kin ; kyokin 
(gg^) ; (to a newspaper) iosho (^ 
^) ; kisho (^S) ; (to partnership 
funds, joint undertaking) shusshi ( {0 
^) [Com. Co., Civ. Co.]. 

s (taxes), tontaie-kin. 

to collect s, kifukin (^M^) 

ICO aisumeni ; kyokin wo atsume- 


Contributor, n. shukkinsha (JH^fe 
^) ; klfusha (^Pff^') ; (to a charity) 
(^ffl^) ; (to "■ paper, etc.) tosJioka 
(&^m ; kishoka (^f^). 

Contributory, a. jcryoku (l^ij) 
sum ; fjoryoku ('^:f3) sum ; josei (lift 
^) sunt. 

Contrite, a. hiai (^l,ji) no ; z<^tn,7e 
(M'^) ^'li'e om ; kokioai (^tS) «'"'« 

to be , hiai s ; zange s ; ko- 

kicai s ; hitan s ; tsfiktcai s. 
Contrition, n. hiai ; hitan (^^Dt) ; 

zange ; ryosliin (H»C») '^o seme; tsu- 

kwai {MW- 
Contrivance, n. (act of) equiv. of 

Contrive foil, by koto ; (bad 

scheme) kikei (a^tt) ; takurami ; 

karakuri ; (scheme) kufu (XjJc) ; 

sandan (%^) ; mokuromi ; keikicaku 

(ffgg) ; (machine) shikake. 

Contrive, t.v. mokuromu ; (a result) 
hakam, ; (devise) keilcwaku (ff-ffi) s ; 
anshutsu (^ffl) s; /.oan (a^^) «; 
fcufw (X^) « ; (invent) haisumei (f j 

to stratagems, sakuryaku 

{^^) i':o megurasu ; hakcini ; 
hakarigoto wo megurasu. 

Control, n. tori-shimari ; shihai ( j^ 
gE) ; kwanri {1^^) ; ktmnkatsu (^ 
^) ; (of feelings) yoL-iisei (^^1!) 

is imperfect, seirei (jij<^) ga 

iki-todokanai ; tori-shimari ga todo- 


direct , chokkatsu [\^^^). 

to be beyond , xm]lori- 

shimari go, dekinai ; (of a horse, 

etc.) waijiyu (J^fi) ni naranai; 

wa]te ni amani. 

to be under the of, noj 

shihai ni naru. 

Control, t.v. iioltori-shimari too s ; 
wojshihai s ; twjkwanri s ; wo/kwan- 
katsu s ; wolshori (Jg^) s; (of feel- 
ings, passions, etc.) osae-ru ; set (JlJ) 
s ; wojyokusei s. 

to one's anger, ikari ico 


to one's passions, kanjo (^ 

fn) w'O sei (Jlj) s ; (semal) joyoku 

(tS^) "^0 05ae-JtJ. 

Controllable, a. to be , ica] 

ioi'i-shimaru koto ga deki-ru ; equiv. 
of Control (t.v.) foil, by koto ga 
Controversial, a. soronteki no ; so- 

ron (?^tk) "0 ; gironteki no ; giron (^ 

t^) no ; hempuku (PSt) no ; hakugeki 

(li^) 710 ; koben (it@) «o ; </iro)i 

ni zoku suru. 
Controversialist, n. socon.sftj (p 

Bm^) ; fjlronsha (gjlw*) I &empaA;u- 

s/^a (^5J*) ; hakugekisha (gt??^) ; 

kobensha OkM^)- 
Controversy, n. sw-on ; g'.ron ; 

bempaku ; hakugeki ; /fo6e«. 
Controvert, t.v. hempaku s ; AaA.n<- 

//efci 5 ; fcoben s. 
Controvertible, n. bempaku no 

dekiru ; koben sareru ; hak-ugeki no 

Contumacious, a. shihuioi; kata- 

iji na ; gwanko (igE3) w( ; shitsuyo 

Contumaciously, adv. kataijini 
shibutoku; gwanko ni; shitsuyo n' 


[ 188 ] CON 

Contumacy, n. gtcanko ; kataiji ; 

Coiituiiielious, a. hinnan no ; ryo- 
joku no ; burei na ; bhei (^^) na ; 
"t kyo>jb (IgftJ:) na. 

CoiltlimelioilSly, adT. hmum .shi- 
te ; burei ni ; ohei ni ; kyogo ni. 

Coiltiiniely, n. btiman (fgS) > '"i/o- 
joku (J$#) ; brnei (fei.ig) ; bhei ; 
't kyogb. 

Contuse, t.v. dashb (tlS5) s ; st(ri- 

Contusion, n. dasho (iJ%) ; nchi- 

Conundrum, n. nazo (^). 

Convalescence, n. keikical (^fft) ; 
yamai-aqari ; bybki-agari ; kicaifukti- 

ki mmm) ; J^^cmhb i^-)]). 

Convalescent, a. kicaiftb ni omo- 
inuite oru ; kxcaiki ni omornuite oru. 

to become , kimihb niomo- 

mukti ; kicaiki (f^j^) ni 0}tu>muk\i ; 

Convalescent, n. kwaifuh-u-ki no 
kicanja (.f.^) ; keiktcaisha (t5l^^) ; 
yamai-agari no hito. 

Convene, i.v. atsumari( ; .shiVacai 
(^'^) s ; shoshii sare-rn. 

Convene, t.v. atiume-m. ; shbshu (3 
$^) s ; shokwan (^>fi) s ; yobi-tlasu. 

Convenience, n. (state) isiigo no 

yoi koto ; benri (■filftj) ; (thing) dbju 


as a matter of , bengijb {^ 

at your , go tsugb shidai. 

to consult one's own (not 

that of others), ji6«n no Icatte no yoi 

koto V30 s. 

^to consult the of others, 

'liito no tsugb, or bengi, ico lutkmti. 

to make a of a person, 

hito ICO dbgu ?ji tsukmt. 

Convenient, a. (of arrangements) 
tsugb no yoi ; katte no yoi ; tekigi (jg 
5iC) na ; (of place) bengi (filfi) na ; 
(of things) benri no yoi ; clibhb (fltJR) 
na ; betiri na ; (of time) tsugb no yoi ; 
katte no yoi. 

a article, benri tia i^him^' 

mono. ^ 

if it is to you, go tsugb g'l 


Conveniently, adv. (to another) 
go tsugb yoku ; (to one's self) yoi (^ 
$lf) ni ; tegarukti ; tsugb yok^i. 

Convent, n. amadera. 

Conventicle, n. kicaigijo (#^f9f)- 

Convention, n. (agreement) yakujo 
(1^^); mbshi-aicase ; (assembly) 
ktcaigi (#^) ; shukicai {$^'^) ; (be- 
tween states) kybiei {^^) ; .(treaty) 
jbyaku (j^|{j) ; kybyaku (Sl-j)- 

consular , rybji-.thokmi't- 

jbyaku (^m^^f^K^). 

Geneva , Geneba-jbyaku. 

Conventional, a. (formal) monkiri- 
gata no ; (growing out of cnstom) 
.shiizokuieki no ; shi'aoku (^(&) no ; 
shfikican (^tB) "O ! /«<*« (#31) no ; 
seken (tt^) mimi no ; naraicashi no. 

phrases, kimntta monkn (% 

-fi]) ; jbmonkm (SiiO). 

tariflF, kybtei-zeiritsa (ISSfft 


Conventional itj", n. kimari-kitle 
iru koto ; .<'ekeH-nami. 

Converge, i v. itten (— K) »» ^ ' (81?) 
.s ; sbkicai (t^#) s ; fukugb (Ifio') ■">• 

Conver.sant, a with, ><i/ 

kuica.shii ; icoJjukuc?ii (jftfe) shite 
oru ; ni/jukuren (j^flj) shita. 
Conversation, n. h/inashi ; dunmi 
(mi) ; kvoaiica (#|S); taiica (]|^|S;. 

book, kicaivoahen (#|S^); 

kicaiirasho (#|SS)- 

Conversationalist, n. hannshi- 

Conver8azionc,jQ. danuakai (^iS 
■^) ; qalcvjHtsu-kbicakwai (${i}|gt^' 

Converse, n. uraliara ; tenkuan (^ 
^) ; (in logic) tenkican-meidai (I9t% 

Converse, i.v. hanashi wo s ; d'ti^ 
s ; kaitca s. 

to familiarly together, 

tichi-akete katnri-au. 


[ 189 J 


Conversely, adv. soi'e ni kawatie ; 
sore ni hikikaefe ; al-Juinshite ; ten- 
kican shite. 

Conversion, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Convert (t.v.) foil, by koto ; (change) 
henkica (@ffc) ; henko (^g) ; hen- 
kaku (^^) ; (change for the better) 
kaishin (^»t<) ; (from one religion to 
another) kaishu (^^) ; (of money) 
hiki-kae ; (of the i)iiblic debt) kari- 
kae ; (to Buddhism) hosshin (?^illO. 

Convert, t.v. (change the morals of) 
icojkaishin (^.t») sase-ru ; wojkan- 
kwa saseru ; (from one religion to 
another) tcoj kaishu (^^) sase-ru ; 
(of money) kae-ru \ hiki-kae-ru ; 
kicansan (|S|^) « ; (to Buddhism) 
hosshin sase-ru. 

to into, nil sum. 

Converted, a. to be , (from 

one religion to another) kaishu (§fc 
^) s ; (in morals) kaishin s ; (in re- 
ligion) kankwa s ; kaishin s ; (to 
Bnddhism) hosshbi s. 
Convert, n. (religious) kaishiisha (§!c 
^^) ; kaishinsha (^>t'<^) ', (to Bud- 
dhism) hosshinsha ; (to Christianity) 
kicaikaviha (fg^^). 
Convertibility, n. kaerareru koto ; 
henkica no dekmi koto. 

Convertible, a. kaerareru ; henkwa 
no dekiru. 

paper currency, dakwan- 

shihei (^W^m)- 

notes, dakican-satsu (■^^ 

Convex, a. nakadaka ni luitta ; kom- 

mori-daka ni natta ; nakadaka no. 
Convej', t.v, (carry) hakohu ; iinso 
(MiS) * ; iimpan (^JU) s ; (transfer) 
yudzuri-uatasu ; (transmit) tsutae- 
ru ; tsfiji-ru. 

to a meaning-, imi wo 

fukuude oru. 

to under guard, gosu (i|jg) 


Conveyance," n. mochihakohi ; unso 
CM^) ; i-(mp.m (MM.) > (document) 
joyosho (^ja^) ; (of estate, for 
money, etc ) yudzuri-tcatashi ; (of 
mails) ?ei.s'y>(,iSig) ; (handing over) 
kofu (^f^) ; hiki-rcdiashi. 

Convict, t.v. (of a crime) yuzni (:g" 
PI) to kessuru ; yuzai to 7nitome-nt. 

ed prisoner, kiketsu (^^) 

no shujin (HA)- 

Convict, n. clidekinin (^SA) ; shft- 
to (H^). 

prison, choekijo (|»S:^). 

Conviction, n. (act of) yfizai (;^||) 
to kessuru koto ; yfizai to mitomern 
koto ; (strong belief) kakiishii (S^ 

Convince, t.v. tokushin (f^l-it*) sas-e- 
ru ; nattoku (|?jf^) sase-ni ; (over- 
come by argument) heiko (^P) sase- 
ru ; ronji-tswneru ; rompa (m^) s ; 
ii-^dburu ; ron (f^) nifuku sase-ru. 

to be d, tokushin s ; nattoku 


to be d that, to/kakushin ({{g 

is) s ; to/shinjite utagawanai. 

Convincing', a argument, 

seiron (iEfra) ; kakuron (Stf^). 
proof, kakusho (Sgig). 

Convincingly, adv. meikaku (H^ii) 

■)ii ; shimpuku (fgflH.) swu yo ni ; 

nattoku suru yo ni ; gaten ?J0 ikxi yo 


Convivial, a meeting, enktcai 

(%^) ; sakamori. 
Conviviality, n. enraku (^Ui) ; s/iu- 

kyb (fgffl). 
Convocation, n. (act of convoking) 

shdshu{^%); (general meeting) so- 

kicai (^.#). 
Convoke, t.v. yoU-aisume-ru ; .^hoshil 


Convolvulus, n. asagao. 

wild , hirugao [sometimes in- 
correctly called yi'igao]. 

Convoy, t.v. gosd (M^) •'•• ; f/oet (Bt 


Convoy, n. (escort) goei no hei (^) ; 
goaohei (||SI^) ; (escort of supplies) 
shicho-qoso (fSffillig) ; (ship) goso- 
sen (st^jJ?) ; (train of wagons) yuso- 

siui mmm- 

Convulse, t.v, (agitate violently) 
shindo (Sl/j) sase-ru ; (med.) kelreii. 
(M.'^) ^'■<^ okosase-ru. 


[ 190 ] 


Convulsed, t.v. to be d, (med.) 

hijci-tsuru ; keiren s ; (of a child) 

Convulsions, n, (disease) kydfu (H 
^) ; chikudeki (fg^) ; keiren (MW- 

chronic , mankydfu (1§||@l)- 

to fall into , kyoffi de hiki- 


Coo, i.v. (of a dove) po-po to naku. 

Cook, n. * ; ryorinin (^!^3gA). 

Cook, t.v. (by baking, roasting) yaku ; 
(by boiling) nl-ru ; xtde-ni ; yude-ru ; 
taku ; (by broiling or toastiiig) ct&u- 
ru ; (by frying) age-ru ; (food general- 
ly) ryori (I^M.) s ; (rice) taku ; kashi- 

to accounts, kanjo (ffiiS) 

iDo gomakasii. 

Cookery, n. rydrl(1^^). 

book, ryorifoj (1^^^) ; ryb- 


Cooking, n. ryori. 

European , seiyo-ryori (^^ 


Cooking-rang-e, n. kamado ; hei- 

Cool, a. (calm) heiki (^^) na ; jijaku 
(^^) io shita ; ochitsxtUa ; chinchaku 
()^W) '*fl ; (manifesting coldness, 
etc.) reitan (l^^) na ; mujo (jfett) 
na ; (of substances generally) tsume- 
tai ; (of temperature) suzushii ; kiya- 
yaka na ; (of water) hiyakkoi ; tsume- 
tai ; (impudent) ?ieiki na. 

Cool, t.v. hiyasu ; samasu. 

to one's self (after anger), 

ki wo shidzume-ru ; (when hot) 

Cool, i.v. hieru ; same-ru ; tsumetaku 
7utru ; (after anger) ki ga shidzumu ; 
(of a solid body, of interest, etc.) rei- 
kyaku (I'^Jp) s ; (of the air) suTMshiku 

Cool, n of the evening, yu- 


to stroll out to enjoy the 

of the evening, yu-suzumi ni 

Cool-lieaclecl, a. (free from passion) 
reito (J'^BM) na ; (in the face of 
danger) heiki na ; kimo no suwatta. 

a person, 

(t^M.Wl^) [slightly sarcastic]. 

Co-lieir, n. kymlo-sdzokunin (^^^ 
m\) [Civ. Co.]. 

Cooling, n. reikyaku (^^^). 

Coolly, adv. (calmly) jijaku to xhite ; 
taizen (0f^) to shite ; chincliaka 
shite ; sumashite ; ochitsuite ; heiki 
ni ; (impudently) heiki ni ; swna- 
shite ; (without passion) hiyayaka ni. 

Coolness, n. reiki U^M.) > suzushisa ; 
hiyakkoi koto ; (after a quarrel) kl- 
mazui koto ; (indifference) reitan (?fr 
gjj) ; mujo (totff ) ; (of spirit) heiki. 

Coolie, n. ninsoku [ \Q,) ; nimpu{K 
^) ; (labourer) sJiigotoshi ; (navs-y) 
dokata ; (porter) karuko. 

calling of a cargo , naka- 


cargo , oki-ninsoku ; nakashi 

[Kobe dialect]. 

cart , sliariki {^"fi). 

chair , kago-kaki, 

master, ninsoku-gashira ; 

ninsokii no oyadama. 

Coop, n. kago ; fuse-kago ; tori-kago ; 
(of wood) foya. 

Coop, t.v. to up (confine), irjl- 

kome-ru ; oshi-kome-ru. 

Cooper, n. okiya. 

Co-operate, i.v. (with, to) kyoryoka 
i^'h) ^'y tomo ni haiaraku ; joriki s. 

to in, ni/sando (gl^) s. 

to with, tojchikara iro aicase- 

ru ; tojkumu. 

Co-operation, n. Jcyoryoku ; go- 
ryoku (-^:ft). 

Co-operative, a. kybryoku no ; go- 
ryokii no. 

system, sogo-soshiki (+fl5&l 


Co-operatively, adv. k~yoryokii 
shite ; goryoku shite. 

Co-operator, n. kyoryokusha {}^-;fy 



[ 191 ] 


Co-ordinate, a. doto ((^^) no ; do- 
kaku ([i^t^) "'^ ; ''^oi ([^&) no ; dokyu 
mm) no. 

Co-ordinately, adv. doto ni ; do- 
kaku ni ; dokyii ni. 

Co-ordination, n. doto ; dbkaku ; 
dokyu ; (act of) dbtb ni suru koto ; 
dbkaku ni suru koto ; dbi ni suru 
koto ; dbkyil ni suru koto. 

Co-owner, n. kybyusha (^^^) 
[Com. Co.]. 

Coot, n. oban. 

Co-partner, n. nakama ; kybdbsha 

(W/>^^)l kumi-ai-nin. 
Co-partnership, n. .fon-eki-bunfan 

Cope, i.Y. to with, io/aite ni 

naru ; ni/tekilai (^U) s. 
Coping-, n of a wall, /lei (ff) 

no yane ; hei no kahuri-ishl ; kasa- 

Copious, a. ohitadashii ; kwata {^^) 
na ; kyota (f^^ ) na ', takusan no ; 
bi ; yutaka na ; tappuri na. 

Copiously, adv. obitadashiku ; kicata 
ni ; takusan ni ; bku ; yutaka ni ; 
tappuri to. 
Copiousness, n. yutaka ; kyota ; 

kwata ; obitadashii koto. 
Copper, n. akagune ; aka ; do (^). 

coin, dbkica (^K). 

mine, dbmn (^|Jl). 

Copper, n. (boiler) dbkwan (^ifi). 

Copperas, n. rbJui ; ryokuban {l(^^). 

Copper-bottomed, a. dbsoko no. 

Copper-plate, n. dbban (^^). 
engraving, dbbanzuri. 

Copper-sniitll, n. uchimonoya. 

Copi'a, n. kopura. 

Copse, n. yabu. 

Copulate, i.v. kbgb (^-^) s ; kbsetsu 
(^;}^) s ; (of animals) tsurumw, tsu- 
ijau ; sakaru ; kbbi (^^) s ; jibi (-^ 

Copulation, n. kagb; kbsetsu; (of 
animals) kbbi (^^) ; jlbi ; tsugau 
koto ; tsurmnn koto. 

Copy, t.v. (imitate) ico/Dutne-ru ; /-</ 
majie wo s ; utsusu ; (transcribe) 
utsusu ; no/uisushi wo toru ; tbsha 
(flf ^) * ; mosha (^Jg) s ; kakinuku. 

to by tracing, suki-utsusu. 

to exactly from an origi- 
nal, rinsho (ES^) *'• 

Copy, n. idsushi [a.n. tsu (jg)] ; tb.slia ; 
mosha ; kaki-nuki ; (of u document, 
book, etc.) shahon (^/jsC) ; (complete 
work) [a.n. bu (35); s-atsn (flg-)]: 
(M.S. for printer) genkb (J^^) ; sbkb 

an exact (from an originjil^ 


certified , tbhoa (II**) [Civ. 

Co., Cr. Pro., Civ. Pro.] ; seihoa (IE 

clean , seisho (rS#)- 

by tracing, suki-utsushl ; 


duplicate ies, seifuku-uitsu 


rough (draft), shitagakl ; 


Copy-book, n. (book for copying) 

sbshi (?^ift) ; tenarai-23shi ; (book of 

models of writing) iehon ; shujibo i 
[a.n. satsu (#) ; bu ({^\)]. 

Copying-fee, n. tbshai-yb ('H'^^f^'^); 
(for copying a book, etc.) hikkbry'> 

Copying-ink, u. fakusha-inki (^ 


Copying- pai>er, n. (carbon paper) 

fukusha-shi (UM^)- 
Copying- press, n, tbsJia-ki (8§?| 

^) ; fukusha-ki. 

Copyist, n. shaji (Jg^-) ; hikkoshn 
(^^*) ; shaji-sei. 

public , daishoniii (f^SA); 

kaki-yaku [viilg.]. 
Copyright, n. Jianken (^ffl[) ; <hn- 
sakken (Iff^ffll). 

....... laws, hankenhb (^|ff}i). 

Coquetry, n. jai-a-jai-a suru koto. 

Coquette, n. te no aru onna ; jaru' 

tsuku onna. 
Coquettish, a. jara-j ira suru ; jnri- 


I 192 ] 


Coquettishly, adv. jnrn-jam shite ; 
j'tiakura shite. 

Coral, n. sanr/o (J^fijg) ; (in the sea) 
sangoju (^pjS^). 

Coral-insect, n. sangochu (^). 

Coral-island, n. sangoto (UJl^fe). 

Corel, n. (of hemp) naica ; (of pajier, 
for tying the hair) motoi ; (slender) 
himo; (thick) tsuna; hosohiki; (to 
bind back the sleeves) tasitki ; (used 
for binding criminals) haya-naica. 

Cordage, n. tsima-gu. 

exordial, a. shinsetsu (^^) na ; shin- 

J''"*" (^^) «a ; nengorona; kontoJcu 

(^M) ''« ; konsetsu (jRI^J) na. 
Cor<lial, n. (med.) kitsrtke ; kofunzai 

mum) ; (tonic) kyosozai (SSJttffl). 
Cordiality, n. shinsetsu ; shinjitsu ; 

koi(t»ku ; konsetsn. 

Cordially, adv. shinsetsu ni; shin- 
jitsa ni ; nengoro ni ; konioku ni ; 
konsetsu ni. 

Cord«ni, n. (decoration) j((57to (U^); 
(of soldiers, etc.) naicahari. 

g^rand (of a decoration), dai- 

j'ishd (;^g#). 

to post a (of police), hijosen 

(#^IS) tco haru. 

Cords, n. Japan , hachijo-goro. 

Cor<lveei>s sinensis, idchu-kaso 

Core, n. (heart) shin (»t\) ; (internal 
mould) dai ; igata ; (of a tree) dzui 

Corea, n. CJiosen {^f^) ; Kankoku 


invasion of , Chosen-seibatsu 

mmU\^): «ifcan (ffiH). 

Corean, n. Chosenjin. 

Corean, a. Chosen no. 

court, Kantei (f$^). 

Coriander, n. koendoro. 

Corintliians, n. (epistle) Korinto- 

Cork, n. koroppu ; kuchi ; (the ma- 
terial) maki-gaica. 

Cork, t.v. ni/kuchi tco s ; ni/sen ico s ; 
ni/koroppu rco kau. 

Cork-screw, n. kuchi-nuki ; korop- 
pu-nvki ; sen-nvki. 

Cormorant, n. v. (j^). 
fishing:, v-kai. 

Corn, u. mvgi ; (barley and rice) bei- 
koku(^^); (cereals) kokumotsu (^ 
4%) ; kokvi-ui i^M) ; (wheat) komugi- 
Indian , io-morokoshi. 

Corn, n. (on the foot) wo no me ; (on 
the hand) tako. 

Corncob, n. tomorokoshi no shin. 

Corn-dnty, n. koktmotsu-zei (f54'^j 


Cornea, n. kakumaku 
Cornelian, n. meno 
Corner, n. (external) kado ; (inter- 
nal) sumi. 

to make a in (commercial), 


Corner, t.v. (in an argument) ronji- 

a ed rat, kyuso (^JIL)- 

four ed, shikaku (K^) na. 

three ed, sankaku (H^) na. 

to be ed (lit. and fig.), oi-tsu- 


Corner-stone, n. sumi-ishi. 
Cornet, n. rappa. 
Corn-lield, n. mugi-hatake. 
Corn-flag, n. suisen-ayame. 
Corn-flour, n. kibi. 
Cornice, n. fuchi ; maicari-buchi ; 
(outside a building) ja?>ara. 

Corn US officinalis, sanshiyu (ill 

^|i|), or sanshii ; yama-gumi. 
Corolla, n, kicakican (?£S). 
Corollary, n. keiron (^f^). 
Corona, n. (astron.) * ; kinkuan (^ 


Coronation, n. sokui (EPfi) ; senso \ 

ism)- _ • 

ceremony, iaikicanshiki (JR 

^^); sokid-sldkiW^^)- 

Coroner, n. kenshikican (^^'g). 
's inquest, kenshi. 

Coronet, n. hokrcan (3RS)- 

OOE [ 193 ] 


<JoriM>ral, n. fjocho (ffi;^). 
lance , jotohei {±.^S}i). 

Corporal, a. shlntai (^^) no. 

punishment, nikukei (^ 

Corporate, a. r/aUai (-g-J^) no ; ren- 

90 (ii^) shita. 
Corporation, n. kybkwal d^-f"); 
(company) kicaisha ; soqo-kicaisha 

m'K%m- '. . . 

industrial , sangyo-kyokwai 

municipal , shikwai (Tti#). 

religious , kyokwai (f^^) • 

trading , shokwai (j^'f'). 

Corporeal, a. yatai (^|4^) no ; yukei 
{^l^)no; (pitai {M:i^) no; keishika 
OfJfYiiT) no. 

. .. moveables, yfdai-dosan {:^ 
mm) [Civ. Pro.]. 
Corps, n. iai (H^) ; (/uniai (^M)- 

army , gmulan (5^:8) 5 v. 


army medical , fjun-i-hu (5|E 

army service , shicho (i^fi). 

consular , kakkoku-rydji (^ 


diplomatique, kakkoku- 

' kdsiilcwan (^H^K^I'). 
Corpse, n. (a dead body) .ihiyai (^ 
fg) ; shitai (^EfS) ; -shikahane ; (dead 
person) shinin (^A). 
Corpulence, n. hinmn (Btlffi). 
Corpulent, a. hinutn ?jo ; koeta ; 

futotta ; nikuhutoi [Kyoto dialect]. 
Corpuscle, n. (atom) bilmnshl (^5)- 

blood , kekkyu. 

red , seki-kekkya (iiJilfiL^)- 

Corr<'ct, a. tadashii ; mach'ujai no 
nai ; ayamari no nai ; (proper) tada- 
sidi ; hosel (3^iE) no. 

in behaviour, hinko-hosei 

(,r«^f:^JE) na. 
Correct, t.v. naosu ; iadasu ; arata- 
me-ru ; (a dociunent) teisei (gTiE) s ; 
(amend) shusei (j^JE) .1 ; (a misstate- 
ment) seigo (iEi4) s ; (conduct) kyo- 
•sej ()®iE) -s ; (mistakes in composi- 
tion) tensaku (ff-fflj) s ; (proofs) kosei 

(^iE) s ; ietsei .s ; (rewrite a pa.ssage 
in a document) kaki-kaent. 

Correction, n. naoshi; (act of) 
equiv. of Correct (t.v.) foil, by koto ; 
(discipline) chqji (g^fS) ; kenseki (p[ 
^) ; (in a composition) tensaku ; (in 
a newspaper) seigo (jE|^) ; (of a 
document) teisei ; (of proofs) kosei 
(^iE) ; fetsej. 

house of , chojikan (,^?^g) ; 

(for children) chokaijo (Wi^^M) 

[Civ. Co.]. 

Correctly, adv. tadashiku ; ayamari 
naku ; machigai naku ; seikaku (|§ 
Jg) 7n ; (of behaviour) hinko-hosei ni. 

CorresiK)n<l, iv. (agree) au ; fago 
(^ o") « ; (titai (fflff) « ; (communic- 
ate) tsiishin (^iU) « ; shinsho (fa^) 
no ofuku (^iS.) tfo ■'''> shosokn (f\'i 

a) s. 

not to (tally), kui-chigau. 

to to (be eqiiivalent), ni/ 

afaru ; nijsoto (ffl^) s ; nijhitteki 
(ESSHc) •*>■ ; (suit) nijkanau ; «i/tti- 

to with, ni/a%i ; ni/fugo s. 

Corresi>ondence, n. (act) iayori ; 

inshin ; tstlshin ; (agreement) fugo ; 

aitoi ; (letters) shokan ( § ^) ; isfi- 

shin ; shinsho (fa§) ; (relation) 

kwankei iM%). 
Correspondent, n. (newspaper or 

other) tsiisldHsh'i (jffifa^) ; tsushhi- 

in (ifliftM)- 

special , iokuha-tst'tshin-in 


to be a bad , ftide-bu.sho (^ 

7^14) <?<•' (inc. 

war , gta^ji-isusJtin-in mO^j^ 

fa A) ; jwjun-kisha (i^iPCgB^). 
CorresiK>nding', a. >a/«''e ortt ; ui 
fugo shite oru ; tojonaji yd na ; io( 
doyo (l^itlg) na ; nijsoto (ffi^) suru. 
to be , au.; ataru. 

Corridor, n. rdka (JfflJT)- 

train, kicantsi't-ressha Oii& 


Corroborate, t.v. (affirm) tashika- 
me-ru ; (confirm, of a proof) meikakii 
(MS^) "i •'' ; kakvjitsu (S^'K) ni s; 
no/shoko (12^) ni naru ; sho (^) s. 


[ 191 ] 


Corroboration, n. (act of) equiv. 
of Corroborate foil, by koto ; 
(proof) shoko. 

Corroborative, a. eqiiiv. of Cor- 
roborate used as adj. 

Corrode, t.v. kusarakasu ; fushoku 

Corrode, i.v. fushoku s ; kiisare- 

Corro.siou, n. fushoku 

Corrugated, a. shiwa ni )tatta ; 
shhca-kucha tii naita. 

iron, namigata-ietsu ; nama- 


roofing', namako-ita-bvkl. 

Corro.sive, a. fushoku suru ; kusnut- 

sublimate, shoko (^^). 

Corrupt, t.v. (bribe) iujmaiiiai tco 
yaru; niltmunai s; nijicairo (IflBft) 
xco okuru ; nijzduai (lBft|) .s ; (morals) 
midasu ; yaburu ; (pervert, person-s) 
sosonokasu ; yuwaku (WiW"-) -^ > 
(things) icaruku s ; sokonau. 

Corrupt, a. (dishonest) fusei (^fiiE) 
no ; (vitiated) kusatla ; fuh'd (J^f ttJc) 

a person, nigiri-ka ; shuvxil- 

morals , midareia filzoku ( 8, 

f&) ; yabureta ffaoku ; haitoku (flfc 
^) -no filzoku ; toJcuso (Hift) no 
iiai filzoku. 
practices, fusei-koi (^iE^f 

Corruption, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Corrupt (t.v.) foil, by koto; 
(bribery) icairo (IgUS) ; zoicai (j(t|g) ; 
mainai ; (depravity) aku-filzoku ', 
fuha,i ; haitoku (Bfe^) ; (putrescence) 
kusareta koto ; fihai (j^ftS:). 

Corruptible, a. to be , (brib- 
able) icairo wo toru ; (subject to de- 
cay) kusare-ni ; fuhai s. 

Corruptly, adv. tcaniku ; fusei (:?: 
jE) ni ; dokuaku (^^) ni. 

Corruptness, n. ja-aku 
fuhai shite am koto. 

Corsair, n. kalzoku 

Corseletj n. mune-ate. 

Cortege, n. gyoretsu (ff^'J) 5 (o£ the 
Emperor) ro6o'(S>*S)- 





Corvee, n. (under feudal system) 
kuyaku (S-©) ; kayaku (JtoS)- 

Co-secant, n. yokatsu-sen (^MWx)- 

Co-sine, n. yogea-sen (^3i^,). 

Cosmetic, n. *; kesliohin (itI&S'a) ^ 
(paint and powder) shifun (flglg-). 

Cosmic, a. ucha (^^) no ; zeasekni 

(IbIB:*) no; tenchi (^m no. 
Cosmogony, n. tenchi-kaihyakwon 

Cosmography, n. tenchi-sdro.t (^ 
Jfi^s^) ; tenchigaku (^fl&^). 

CosmoiKtIitail, n. isshi-dojiu (— ^!J 
(ajtl) no hito. 

Cosmopolitan, a. sckai-teki (^?{- 

fi'j) uo ; isshi-ddjia no. 

Cost, n. (expense) nyiihi (AS); ^«t- 
.Vo (Sffl) ; kakari ; (in Chinese com- 
ixjunds -/ii (g); (price) nedan ([jj 
n) ; teikn (^tS); kakaku (fflt^).. 

price, motone ; genka (tcO)- 

of transport, U7iso-/ii (jgc^ 

s, (in civil suit) sosho-hiyo {^ 

s'iW^) [Civ. Pro., Cr. Pro., Cr. 
Co.] ; (in criminal case) saihan-]ili/'> 

mn&m [Cr. co.j. 

how much, does it ? ikiirn 


Cost, t.v. kakaru ; (of loss) suru. 

it s money, kane ga kaknru. 

Costive, a. hiketsu (fjf.igj) na ; hempi 
mm) na. 
to be , wa]isilji ga nai. 

Costiveuess, n. hiketsu {^^'i) J 

Costliness, n. (of price) koM {^, 
^); fcofca (igfll) ; kojiki; koryo (jg 

Costlj', a kone na ; kojiki na ; kuryo 
(jg)|Sj.) na ; koka na ; tanto kakaru ; 
nedan no takai. 


[ 195 ] 


Costume, n. (clothes) ishd (jK'^) ; 
ifulcu (dEflR) ; (style of dress) nari ; 

European' , yofuku (^l^ijS.). 

native ,'icafulcu (In/IR). 

Cosy, a. kokoroyoi ; kokoromochi no 

Co-tangent, n. yosetsusen (t^tj]^,). 

Coterie, n. renjil (jl^tf); nakama; 

Cottag'e, n. koya [very small]. 

Cotton, n. wata ; momen-wata. 

brocade, men-bur okedo. 

clothes, niempuku (^Wi) > 

viomen no fcimojio. 

drills, unsaifu (^^ffi). 

duck, ($^|lltfi) ; 


flannel, menfaran; (superi- 
or) mompa. 

gin, kiwata-guri; icatakuri- 


goods, momen-mono; futo- 

mono ; menrui (ISM)- 

Italians, men-itariansii. 

plant, loata no ki. 

print, sarasa. 

rug, mensen (Ifflfg). 

satins, menjusu (MS^?-)- 

spinning factory, hoseki- 

rjwaisha (^v/jlif#«fc)- 

thread, mome.i no nui-ito; 

men.-7iui-ito . 

tissues, mcmpu ($,fi^). 

velvet, memh'trddo ; menten 


"waste, ito-kndzu. 

wool, vatn ; (coarse) nau/ctu- 


yarn, menshi (lifl^) ; men- 

ori-ito ; (imported) tu-'do. 

ginned , kuri-rcata. 

Indian , Indo-mcnkwa (EPIi£ 


medicated wool , menzanshi 

(Iffiftft:^) ; kvsuri-waia. 

old , furu-xcata. 

raw , menkwa (^{t.). 

Cotton-iuin, n. wata-kojo ; hdseki- 

Coiiell, n. (bed) nedai; ioko; (sofa) 
ynsmin-isu ('A'.fi.'HJl^) ; narja-isu. 

Coilgii, n. sekl; galso {^5^^. 
moist , tanseki. 

Cougli, i.v. .seki ico s ; ■wa]seki ga 

Cough, t.v. to blood, chi tro 

haku ; ioketsu (llfclfiL) s. 

Council, n. kwaigi (#"^). 

s (deliberations on affairs of 

state), hyogi {W\M)- 

in the presence of the 

Em peror, gozen-kwa igi ( jfil Hil & 

of state, naikaku i 

of war, gungiC^^). 

municipal , shisanjikicai (t|J 

Privy , sHmiisuin (fB^K)- 

Councillox*, n. (of a govt. ofiBce) 
sanjikican (^^If) 5 jimukuoan (^^ 

privy , sumitsu-komonkiiytix 


Cojinsel, n. (advice) kicarikoku (^ 
ff ) ; chukokxi. (.'£>i'r) '> ("^ ci\-il case) 
soshd-dairinin (f^^^^A) [Civ. 
Pro.] ; (in crim. case) hengonin (^1^ 
A) [Cr. Pro.] ; (lawyer by profes- 
sion) bengo.shl ; joshi (Jj^E^) [word 
used by Japanese lawyers who have 
been called to the English bar]. 

to keep one's own , himiitu 

{jfJ^.''^-) ICO maniorn. 

to take , sodan (fflS't) •*>■ r 

(secret) m'dsiigi (^^) s. 

Counsel, t.v. kicankoku s ; ftnsume- 
ru ; (admonish) keikai (ng^fi) •*•• ; 
(warn) chilkokn s. 

Counsellor, n. kwnnkokxisha (JHi'J,- 
^) ; chfdcoku/iha (.fi.ilf^i ; (barrister) 
V. Counsel (n.). 

Count, t.v. kazoe-rn ; kanjo (tSiS) u ; 
keisan {tUD s ; (7a.s-a» {^%) s. 
to be ed upon, ate ni nam ; 

tanomi ni naru. 

Count, i.v. to upon, wo/ate ni 

s ; woltaiiomi ni s. 

you can upon it, daij'>hu 



Count, n. (of a charge) kado ; (of 
yarn) te ; (noble) hakushaku (tflU) ; 

40 8, shljitie. 

<Joiiiitenaiico, n. yohu{^^); so- 
i^o (fflia) ; memo (ffiffi) ; kao. 

expression of , kaotsuki. 

to be put out of , memmoku 

ICO v.shinmi. 

to clxange , Ka]ganshok%i (g 

t^ ) ga katcmi ; tc(i]kao-iro <ja 

to keep one's , majiine de 

i-rit ; heikl (^M.) de i-rii. 

to put out of , memmoku (gj 

Q) 7ro ushiiiftrrase-rn. 

Couiitt'iiaiict', t.v. yui-usu ; mokii- 
shi (3K*9) * 5 ^n^ "i mi-ru ; mokkyo 
(S^lt-) *• ; mokkira (g^jg) s. 

Counter, n. (of a shop) mise-dai; 
(used at cards) kadzn-tori ; (used in 
playing go) go-ishl. 

Counter, adv. hftidni (HSt) •'''""'f '■> 

Counter, a. hunUn no. 

Coiiiiteraet, t.v. kesu ; idihmiku 
(StT:)."; rn:felkd {iS,^) s. 

Counteractingr* "■ haidco stiru; 
ieiko sia'xt. 

Counteraction, n. hanku ; ieiko ; 

liardai-fiayo {S.'Sii^fR)- 
Counter-attack, n. hati'/eki (K 

m) ' iimkugeki (i^jg). 

Counterbalance, i.v. (of sums of 

money) is expr. by sashihiki-nokori 

ga nai [that is, there is no balance] ; 

(of weights) tsuri-au ; helko (^^) s. 

the proofs on each, side ....... 

ryoho (^:ft) no shako (^\^) </« 
ichiyo (— ^) (/-'(. 
Counter-case, n. toheiisho (*f^ 

^) ; lempakusho (PS)t§)- 
Counter-claim, n. hanso (SiM)- 
Counterfeit, a. nlse- ; sora-. 

article, jiise-mono; gibidsu 

(M?5) ; mozohui m'Sua) ; (a for- 
gery) j7a?i2o/un (K'wiqu)- 
laughter, sora-icai-aL 

[ 19G ] OOU 

money, nise-kin ; gankin (51 



notes, ganzo-shihei ; nise- 

signature, hohan (KJ^J). 

Counterfeit, t.v. nise-i-u ; magae- 
rii; (forge) gizo (©if) «? ganzo (Jt 
ig) s ; (pretend) nojmane vo s ; no/ 
ftiri tco s. 

to ignorance (of a thing), 

shlra)iai kao ?fO s. 

Counterfoil, n. (of a cheque) d(us}u 
Cm^) ; hlkae. 

Countermand, t. v. kotoicai-u ; 
yoshi ui s ; iori-kesu ; idsuke-naosu. 

to an order (mU.), kairei (^ 

^) v. 

Counter-march, n. (change of 
wings of a battalion) hontentb (j^^ 
0) ; (marching back) taiko (ilff) ; 
haimen-kosldn CpfffifTxS)- 

Couuter-inarcli, i.v. ato ni hiku ; 
hiki-kae-1-u ; ta'dco (Hff) s ; (in dril- 
ling) iki-kaesxi ; haishin s. 

Counter-movement, n. hantfii- 

vndo (ixmmm- 

Counterpane, n. incukake. 

Counterpart, n. fugd (^'^) shUa 
mono ; (of a seal) ai-han. 

Counter.s<*arp, n. hori no soto- 
gishi; gicaigan (j^p^). 

Counter-.sig^n, n. (mil.) ai-kotoba ; 
angb (B^§S) ; [the question is called 
mongo (R3f5), the reply logo (^IS)]- 

Counter.siffn, t.v. ni/rensho (i§g) 
s ; 7ii/fukitsho (filj^) s. 

Counter-signature, n. rensho ; 

Countingr-liouse, n. choha (<Jg^) ; 
kicaikei-shUsu ("^tf^). 

Countess, n. hakushaku-fujin (fg|| 

Countless, a. kazoerarenai ; musu 
(Mfi) '10 ; kadzu no dekinai. 

Countrifted, a. inaka-meita ; yabo 
na; hukotsu (te-^) na; hinahita; 


[ 197 ] 


Covintry, n. (as opp. to adjacent 
town) zai<id {^M) ". 2aikata ; zaisho 
(^tfifr) ; (region) kuni ; koku (|3) 
[used only with numerals, as, ikka- 
fcoku (— ^^), one ; or in com- 
pounds, as, dankoku ^MM)^ ^ warm 

]; (rural parts) inaka ; ckiho 

(Jfi'J^) ; (state) fiokoku (^Pl) ; (the 
pubhc weal) kokka (f^^). 

ies, kunigimi. 

a great , iaikoku (AS)- 

all ies, shokoku (^W)\ '^f''-'- 

koku (#p) ; hankoku (M\^)- 

all ies of the world, sekai- 

kakkoku (t&^^i^) ; sekai-baii- 

koku (tHr^Mil). 

all foreign ies, sho'iicalkoku 

close , .shaheidd (M-S5cilb)- 

home , hongoku. 

my native , kongoku (^|i3) ; 

imga kuni. 

one's own , jikoku (^IB). 

open , kaikicatsu-dd (^M^). 

permit to enter a , nyiikoku- 

me»jo {\mfLm- 

your native , go .shokoku 

('MliL]M)'> okuni; kikoku i-^^), 
undulating , hajochi (j^ 


wooded , .shiurinrJd (^^^). 

Couiitry-lioiisc, n. hesso (3iJ«ff). 

Country-man, n. (inhabitant) jtm- 
mhi (A.R); (rustic) inakamono ; 
Injakusho (rf14). 
fellow , dokok-yjln (li^glA). 

C<»up-(lo-j»'race, n. todome. 

to give the , todome ?po .-ncsu. 

Coiii>-<l<'-niain, n. i/ektlDLsu (© 

Coiip-rt'etat, n. seihea (i&@). 

Couple, n. (man and wife) ffifu 
(-^t^{) ', (of animals, male and female) 
tsugai ; (of i)ersous) fidnri ; ninin 

a of coolies, nlnsoku ninln. 

a married , hai'jfishn (HCfffi 

m) ; fff'. . 

of animals, kemono itUdki. 

of birds, i<rrl nbm. 

Couple, t.v. (bring sexes together) 
i.sugavxise-ru ; (surumase-ru ; kake- 
ru ; (join) awnse-ru ; ketaugb (1^ 

Couple, i.v. (of animals) t.sugau ; 
t.sia'umii ; kohi (^^) s. 

Coupling', n. (between carriages) 

Couiwm, n. (of bonds, etc.) 

Courage, n. yilki (H^) ; isami ; 
(martial) hn/il (S^H) ; dokyo (^gft) ; 
daitan (J^m)- 

animal , kekki (ifiL^) no yu. 

dutch , sake no ue no yftki. 

have the of one's opinions, 

kilaii (St^) naku onore tm setsu 
(^) »f" nohe-ru. 

moral , dolokujo (jglg Ji) no 


to lack , wa] yiVci ga nai. 

to lose , kiico kitjiku ; ki ico 


to take , yilki tco 

Courageous, a. ta<2/oi ; ynki (-^EV 
no aru ; yukan (^ISi) na ; istimashii ; 
goyn (glJH) no; goki (WlWi) m; 
dnitan na ; dokyo no ani. 
quietly , shinnari-dzuyoi. 

Courageously, adv. tsuyoku ; Isa- 
mnshiku; daitan ni; yukan (-fjSt) 
ni ; goyi'i n i ; goki ni. 

Courier, n. (messenger) hikyaka 
(^B^) ; kyn-dzukai ; hashiri-dzukai. 

Course, n. (action)^ koi (?f]^) ; 
okonai ; gyojo (frJlJc) ; hiuko ; 
shikata ; (tlirection) homuki ; hbko 
CiSln]) ; hbmen (-^M) ; hogakn (')j 
^); (for horse-racing) keiba (Hi^); 
keibajo (f^^iM) ; (for races) kyo.snjb 
CM^^) > (o^ ^^ event) iinriyuki; 
(of an illness) keikica (l^j&) ; (of a 
river) nagare-suji ; (of a ship) hoi 
C&ii); '■'^hinro am); (of stxidy) 
kuxitei (Tf^W' (process) chfi (if); 
(road followed) 7)uV//i-.styi. 

a matter of , morkiron ni 

koto ; tdzen (^^) nn koto. 

as a matter of , tozen ('^Wj). 


[ 19S ] 


in the of an argument, 


in of preparation, jumbi- 

chfi (mB^)- 

in due , jun (Hg) ico otte. 

in the of a month, tsuki no 

vchi ni. 

in the of conversation, 

hanashi no isuide ni. 

in the of his speech, 

en2etsuchii (i^l^tfj). 

in the of the forenoon, 

fimimae no uchi ni. 

in the of to-day, kyoju ni. 

of , moto yori; mochiron 

{^m)l inuroti; dori (MM) <^« I 
(naturally) shizen {^^). 

the proper , atarimae no 

iejiin ; soto no tefsudzuki ; junjo 


there will be a of lec- 
tures, tsudzuiie ko'ji (IJJ^) ga am. 

to direct one's towards, 

ni/lMmuki tco font. 

to let a person take his own 

, Jdto no ki-makase ni shite 


to let thing's take their , 

koto tfo Jionin (jfttt) *• 

to take one's own , katie 

ni s ; kokoromakase ni s. 

Course, t.v. (hunt) knru. 

Course, i.v. the blood s 

through the veins, chi ga 

karada rro jtinkicaii (^^) s, or 

Courser, n. (horse) shumme (HH). 

Court, n. (court-room) hofei (rJJt) ; 
(Imperial family) ieisfiitsu (^^) ; 
(in a house) , naka-niica ; (of the 
Sovereign) chotei (^5£)- 

Corean , Kantei (?^5£)- 

councillor, kyuchu-komon- 

k-wan (^*^P,gi-). 

ladies, kyuchu-jdktcan (^f{J 

:^'b) ; nyokwan (^'g"). 

...... of appeal, kosoin (S|g^) ; 

(in which the appeal is made) 


of cassation, daishin-in (;;^ 

oflBLcial, kunai-kicanri (^ft 

of justice, saibansho (^ 

district , ch iho-sa iba n s?io 

local , ku-saibansho ([^^ 


marine , kaiji-shimpan (i^W- 


mixed , tachiai-saiban. 

open , kbtei (S^) [Cr. Pro.]. 

the of a suit, juso-saihanslio 

{'^mmnm) [Civ. Pro.]. 

the high , kbto-lioin (f^,^ 


to bring into , hbtei (ftJJ;) '' 

teishuisu (J^Hl) s. 

to go to , sandai (S^) *; 

sa7icho (S^) s. 

Court, t.v. (flatter) kobi-ru ; helsu- 
rau ; omoneru ; nijo seji (ft^) ""O 
ill ; (solicit the affection of) ni il- 
yoru ; nifai (^) ico motoineru. 

Court-dress, n. chofuku (l^flR). 

Courteous, a. teinei (T^) na ; 

Courteously, adv. teinei ni ; ni (|g) 
wo motte ; ingin ni. 

CoiirteoHSuess, n. equiv. of 
Courteous foil, by koto. 

Courtesan, n. yiijo (Mic) '< -ihw/i 

mm ; joro (icIP). 
Courtesy, n. aiso (^ftl) ; rei'ji (jij 

W '' i'H/in. 
Court-house, n. saibansho (gj 


Courtly, a. oku-yukashii ; hviJcaku 

( pa tS) "0 1/01. 

Court-inartial, n. gumpo-kwaigi 

Court-martial, t.v. gumpo-kwaigi 

nifu m) s. 
Court-room, n. liotei (J^.g). 
Courtship, n. endan (^|^). 

Court-yard, n. naka-niwa. 

in the (said in the room), 

niica-saki ni. 

Cousin, n. itoko. 

second , nutta-itoko. 


[ 199 1 


Covenant, n. seiyaku (gp) ; lel- 
ynku {%^). 

Covenant, i.v. yaku s ; yaktidaku 

mm) s. 

Cover, n, (bell-shai^ed) kahuse ; ' (lid) 
futa ; (for plants, n,s protection 
from frost, etc.) shimo-yoke; (of a 
Look) hydshi (M^) ', (of a bowl) 
kise ; kohuta ; (of a piece of furniture) 
oi ; (of a table) hiki-mono ; oi ; tebiiru- 
kake ; (of trees) kusamura ; yahu ; 
(outer case of Japanese book) chitsu 
(Wi)> (protection) hogo (^m)', (to 
keep off rain) ama-oi ; (wrapper of 
a parcel) uicafn. 
to be under (from the wea- 
ther), uro wo shinogu ; ama-yadorl 

?fO .9. 

under (in a letter), funyCi 

(JtA) shite. 

under of, (pretending) itsu- 

imtte; nojfu (^) ico shite ; (protec- 
tion) nojhogo (^-H) no shita ni. 

under of the night, yo 

(1^) nijojiie. 

Cover, t.v. ni/kahnse-ru ; wojoxi ; nij 
kake-ru ; ni/kise-ru ; (a book) ni/ 
hydshi (a^lft) ICO isiike-ru ; (be suffi- 
cient for) nijataru ; (one's traces) 
kwamnsti ; (protect) engo (^ftl^) s ; 
higo (IfES) *■ ; (P^it on a lid) nijfuta 
wo s ; (so as to hide) tsutsumu ; (so 
as to hide something bad, fig.) impel 
(MS5c) *' ; (with metal) nijharu. 

to with a basket, nilkago 


to with a mat, ni/komo ico 

OH, kake-ru, kahuse-ru, or kise-ru. 
Covered, a way, fukudo 

Coveringr, n. di-mono ; (oiiter) 

Covei'lct, n. (Japanese) yagii ; kai- 
maki ; (outer) kake-huton ; (thin) 

Coversine, n. yoya. 

Covert, n, (thicket) mori ; yahu ; 

Covertly, adv. hisoka ni ; milsu (^) 
rd; shinonde ; nainai (^■%); an 
(VH-) "i. 

Covet, t.v. (in a bad sense) hoshi- 
garu ; musaboru ; suien (^M) s ; 
(in a good sense) setsubo (HJJS) * • 
netsubo (^^) s ; katsuid (iS^) s. 

Covetous, a. (bad) yoku ()ge) no 
fukai ; yokubatta ; donyoku (B;.?S) 
7ia ; danran (ftS) 'wz- 
to be , yokuharu ; musabom. 

Covetously, adv. yokubatte ; dan- 
ran ni ; musaboiie ; donyoku ni. 

Covetousness, n. yokxibari ; dan- 

ran ; musabori ; donyoku. 

Ci)Vey, n. (of birds) mare. 
a , hito-mure. 

Cow, n. me-ushi [a.n. hiki (EC) ]• 
Cow, t.v. odosu ; odokasu ; kyofu, 
(J&ffi) sase-ru. 
to be ed, biku-biku s ; kyofu 

s ; ojike-ru. 

Coward, n. okubyo-mono ; koshi- 

nuke ; hikyd-mono. 

Cowardice, n. _ dkubyo (WM) I 
koshinuke ; hikyo (-S^tS) ; kyoda 


Cowardly, a. (mean) hikutsu (^■M.) 
na ; hiretsu (^5^) na ; senretsu 
(8ft^) "« ; (wanting courage) hikyo 
na ; olcvhyo mi. 

CoAVberrj', n. koke-momo ; hama- 

nashi ; hama-nusu. 
Cowliide, n. ushi 7\o kaica ; gyfihi 

Cowhouse, n. ushigoya ; [a.n. ken 

m) ]• 

Cowi>ox, n. gyulb (-'MS). 

Cowrie, n. koyasu-gai. 

Coxcomb, n. (fop) share-mono ; 

Coxinjjra, n. Kokusenya [more cor- 
rectly Kofcumi/a (la^lS) ]. 

Coxswain, n.kaji-tori; dashu (9^^). 

Coy,-a. urhiki na ; isutsushimi-bxtkai. 

Coyly, adv. uchiki ni; hnjiraete; 

Coyness, n. uchiki. 

Cozen, t.v. danutkasu ; tabvrakasit ; 

mnnchaku (Iffilj ) •'' I damnsu. 


[ 200 ] 


Crab, n. kani [a.n. hiki] ; (as article 
of food) hai ; (astron.) kyokai-kyil 

louse, ke-jirami. 

horseshoe , kabuto-fjanl. 

spider , ibara-gani. 

Crabbed, a. (sour) iji no wand. 

Crack, n. (hairlike) Mhi ; (in lacquer) 
dammon (|j|jK) [tlie miniite cracks on 
the surface of certain lacqiiers] ; (of 
a whip) hibiki-oto ; (of fire-arms) 
jfisei (^!S^) ; (on bronze, etc.) kidzu ; 
(on ivory or porcelain) nyfi ; (small) 
suk'nna ; (wide) icare-mc. 

Craclv, i.v. (of china) ni]^iiji <ia ini ; 
ni]nyu tja iru ; ni]hihi {la Iru ; (of 
earth) ni]hibi ga iru ; sake-m ; kiretsu 
(ftm) ^fo shqji-ru ; (of glass) ni]hibi 
fjn iru i (of the voice) koe-gawari ga 
s ; (utter a sharp sound) nnru ; oto 

Crack, t.v. iraru ; kukv ; (a whip) 
hibikasu ; pachi-pachi .sase-m. 

to a joke, jodin C^^) ko 


Cracked, a. (eccentric) henieko na 

Cracker, n. (Chinese) uankin-ftaim- 

bi ; bakuchiku (Sftlt)' 
Crackle, n. (earthenware) hibi-yaki. 
Crackle, i.\. pacId-pacJd to naru. 

Cradle, n. (child's) yvri-duko ; yuri- 
kago ; tsuguro ; (of a ship) seiiso 


the of liberty, jiyn-shvgi 

(g|tl±^) no gwanso (tciI)- 
Craft, n. (cun n ing) kokatsu (^^^) ; 
kikei (iiti-) ; kankei (Jf |t) ; (trade) 
shokugyo (^W- 
Craftily, adv. kokatsu ni ; icani- 
gashikokii ; tcaru-gosukti. 

Craftiness, n. kdkntsu ; kikei ; 

Crafty, a. icamjie no aru ; kokatsu 

na ; jachi (9S9) "o fukai ; icaru- 

gashikoi ; icaru-gosid. 
Crag, n, iicao ; gansho {^t^). 
Craggy, a. gagataru ; gankutsu (^ 


..... shhna-kidna. 


Crake, n. 


Craiii, t.v. tsumeru ; tsume-k<min. 
to one's self with food, 

tnbemono ico ippai rdtsiane-komu; 
hara ippai tabe-ru. 

to ."the mouth full, Jtobaru. 

to up (a subject), namagami s. 

Cramp, n. keiren (MM) > koren (t&^). 

in the leg", komura-gaeri. 

to have the , sxiji ga tsuru; 

(in the stomach) hara ga tsupparu. 

Crailll>e(J, a. (of handwriting) 

to be (for room), oshlkome- 

rareru ; fsvmekomare-ru. 

Cranberry, n. iica-Mze ; aka-momo ; 
(berry) fiijimme [so called in Yoko- 
hama district as coming from Mt. 

Crane, n. fsum [a.n. ^m (^^) ] 


(machine) kijfiki 
make [vulg.]. 

demoiselle , aneica-ihuru. 

grus cinerea, kuro-dznru ; nedzn- 


g. japonensis, 1nnrlto-<hnru ; 

tanrho (firJR). 

g. leucauchen, mana-ilzura. 

g. monachus, nabe-dzm^K. 

white , shiro-dzwu. 

Crane's-bill, n.v. Geranium. 
Craniology, n. kos.tognku (#tn^^) ; 

tdgoi-gakti (^^$). 
Cranium, n. togai. 
Crank, n. (eccentric) kaiairv-moiio. 
Ci'anky, a. (of a ship) yanUckoi. 
Cranny, n. icareme ; sukimn. 
Crape, n. (cotton) chijimi; (silk) 

black (Japanese), kuro-cldri- 


crinkled kabe-cldr'tmen ; (red 

and white) kanoko-shibori. 

Nagahama , hama-ckirimen. 

red , lu-jirimeiT. 

w^hite , shiro-cfdrimen. 

Crape-myrtle, n. saru-sv.beri;\ 
hya!cn-jikkd(iS[i^). , 


[ 201 ] 


Crape-paper, n. chirimen-gami. 

Crash, i.v. gata-gata to nam. 

Crash, n. gata-gata sum oto. 

Cratoeg-us sangruinea, dsanzasM. 

Crate, n. (for carrying odds and ends 
of property) yojin-kago ; (of wicker- 
work) Aiaj/o ; {ot -wood) koshi-bako. 

Crater, n.funkvxikd (ll§'AP) ; «'wi- 

Cravat, n. eri-maki. 

Crave, t.v. (ask for) koi-negau ; koasei 
(W-.sH) s ; kommo (il^M) ■' 5 ori-itte 
tanomu ; (long for) setsuho (^^) s ; 
iietsuhd (!^^) s. 

Craven, a. v. Cowardly. 

Craving, n. setsuho (^3]2) ; nelsuhd 
ii^M) ; (for drink, etc.) yoku (^). 

Cra"W, n. ebukuro. 

Crawl, i.v. liau ; hofuku (®^) *■. 

to in, hairkomw, mognri- 


to out, hai-de-m. 

to up, hai-nobom; lutl-ayai-u. 

Crayiish, n. ebi ; (river) kawa-ebi ; 
(sea) tse-e6i [palinurus japonicus] ; 
Icuruma-ebi [penacus canaliculatus]. 

Craze, n. (fashion) dai-ryukb (;^^ff). 

Crazily, adv. Imkkyo (^ffi) shita yd 
ni ; ki ga chigatta yd ni ; seisJdn- 
.safcuran ()|^jS^|^SL) shita yd ni ; kichi- 

Craziness, n. hakkyd ; seishin-saku- 

Crazy, a. (of intellect) ki (^) no 

fureta ; hakkyd shita ; seishin-saku' 

ran shita ; ki no chigatta ; (broken) 


Creak, i.v. kishimu ; kl-ki iu ; (as, of 
an ill-laid floor) mishi-mishi oto ga s ; 
(of boots) nam. 

Cream, n. kurimu. 

of tartax, s/msefci-ei (fSSii^)- 

Crease, n. (made purposely) ori-me ; 
hida ; (unintentional) shiwa. 

Crease, t.v. nijori-me ico tsuke-ru; 
(unintentionally) wo/shiica ni s. 

Create, t.v. (appoint) ninji-ru; (a 
right) settei (gj^) s [Civ. Co.] ; (bring 
into existence) sdzd (flJiS) s ; hatsu- 
mei (1^55) s ; (cause) okosn ; shdjiru ; 
(ennoble) JO {^) s. 

Creation, n. sdzd ; iuitsumei ; (esta- 
bUshment) seisuritsu (^5l) [Civ. Co.]; 
(of a right) settei (§5/^) [t^iv. Co.] ; (of 
the world) tenchi-kaibyaku (Ji^M 


Creative,^ a. sdzdryoka (|ijil:t)) " " 
ai-u ; genzdryoku (^ia^) "" «^'- 

Creator, n. sdzdslia (lijxa^) ; hatsu- 
iv^isha (SJ^:#) ; (God) zdbutsusha 

(i24l!i*) ; zdbutstishu (it4%±) ; '*"- 

Creature, n. mono ; ikimono ; (con- 
temptuous term) yatsu. 

all s, sekai-bambuisu (ffclf-S 

4^) ; banyu (K-^). 

Credence, n. shinyd ((a/9)- 

to be unworthy of , shin wo 

oku ni tarinai. 

to present letters of (of an 

envoy), kokusho (^#) v:o hdtei (^ 

Credentials, n. sfidko-gaki ; (of an 
envoy) shinninjd (faffi'K) 5 (of others) 
ininjd (ScttS^)- 
Credible, a. shinzubeki ; shinjirareru ; 

shinyd (ffffi) no dekim,. 
Credibility, n. shi)izubeki koto ; 

shinjirareru koto. 
Credit, n. (belief, confidence) shinyd 
mm); (esteem) jimbd (AS); (in 
book-keeping) kashi-kata [Com. Co.] ; 
(renown) kdrnei (i^^) ; meibd (^^) ; 
me'isei {^^). 

sale, kake-uri [Com. Co.]. 

letter of , shinyd-jd; sUnyd- 

hoshdjd {^^^). 

money due for goods sold on 

, urilcake-ilaikin. 

to buy on , kake de kau; 

kake ni torn. 

to have a balance, nokori 

ga aru ; zankin (J5&) ga aru. 

to place to one's (at bank), 


to sell on , kake de nru; 

kake-uri ni s. 


[ 202 ] 


Credit, t.v. (believe) shinyo (faffl) s ; 
shinjirru ; (set to the credit of) kashi- 
kata, or adzuke-kin, ni kuri-komn. 

Creditable, a. (estimable) hyohan 
(^^]) no ii; memboku (ffil^) ho it ; 
(meriting praise) kan^hln (.^it>) 
subeki ; kampuku (.^flR.) snbeki ; 

Creditableuess, n. eqiiiv. of Cre- 
ditable foU. by koto. 

Creditably, adv. (cleverly) bvisho 
(Wii^t) "i ', (fairly well) kanari yoku. 

Credit-inobilier, n. kogyo-f/'mko 


Creditor, n. kashi-nushi ; sais/m (® 
£fe) ; kashi-te. 

Credulitj', n. shinji-^as%n koto ; kei- 
sMa (^fg) ; moshin ($^). 

Credulous, a. shinji-yastd. 

to be , karogaroshiku .shinji- 


Creed, n. (political) shugi (±^) ; 
Seiko (^IPJ) ; (religious) shinko-kajo 

mmsim -, sunkyb mm- 

apostles' , sh'to-shinkyo (gg 


Nicene , Aikeya-shiyikyo. 

Creek, n. (of the sea) trie ; (stream) 

Creel, n. bikii. 

Creep, i.v. hau ; harabau ; hoftik-u ( JJ 

to about (of an infirm 

person), yota-yota aruku. 

to in, hai-komxi ; moguri- 


to out, hai-deru ; liai-dasu. 

Creeper, n. (plant) kadzura-vwno. 

tree (ornith.), kibashiri [certhia 


Creepiness, n. equiv. of Creepy 
foil, by koto. 

Creepy, a. zoitosura ; usukimi-wanii. 

Cremate, t.v. kwaso ('AH) s ; yaku. 

Cremation, n. kicasd. 

grround, kicasoba {'AMW> 


Crematorium, n. kwaso-ba. 

Crepe, n. v. Crape. 

Crepuscular, a. (evening) tasogare 
no ; kicokon (^■g') no ; (morning) niai- 
so (Sc!^) no ; reimei (2^^) jjo ; fukkyo 

Crescent, n. mikadzuki ; shingeisu 


Crescent-sliaped, a. mikadzuki- 
naii, no ; shingetsu-kei (^^ffj) no. 

Cres.s, n. (water) midzu-na ; mkizio- 
seri ; midzu-tade ; tanetsuke-hana. 

Crest, n. (family) mon ($j[) ; mon- 
dokoro ; monjmishi ; kisho (IRj^) ; 
(of an ancient helmet) maidate ; (of 
a bird) tosaka. 

•with (of a haori, letter-paper, 

etc.), moutsuki no. 

Crest-fallen, a. sosd (^M) shUa ; 
ikioi no nuketa ; (abashed) ma no 
nvketa ; nmnuke na ; ma-byoshi no 

Crete, n. *. 

Cretonne, n, sarasa ; asa-ori no 

Crevice, n. icare-me ; sukima. 

Crew, n. (in a bad sense) nakama ; 
(of a ship) nori-kumi^in [also a mem- 
ber of the ]; nori-kiimi no suifa 


Cricket, n. kingirisu ; (game) *. 
hearth. , korogi. 

Crier, n. kicbkokuya {'^aM) '> ^iro- 
meya ; yomi^^iri. 

Crime, n. tsumi ; hanzai (iEH) [Cr. 
Pro.] ; toga ; zaiakti (^,S) ; zaika 
mPs); (felony) jQzai (fi^g) [Cr. 

s act, ch'izaihb (fSfl^). 

a is committed, zaialcu ga 


the locality of the commission 

of a , f/enkocki (f^ffift) ! '*«»- 

zaichi mmw- 

Crimea, n. * ; Eurimu. 
Criminal, n. zainin{l^\); hanzal- 

nin (JE^A) ; hanzaisha; toganin; 

(convict) shiijin (HA) 5 meshi-udo. 
great , dai-akinxin (AiSA)- 



[ 203 ] 


Criliiinal, a. (as distinct from civil) 

keiji- ; keijijo (JfiJ^J:) no. 
bureau for matters, keiji- 

j'^yoku mvm- 

code of procedure, ke!ji- 

case, keiji-hikokn-jlken {M^ 

code, keiho (^J}£). 

offence, hanzai (JEPI). 

revised code, kaisei-keilio 

Criiniiiatiiig', a. isiimi nifuku sase- 

Crimp, t.v. (form into plaits) nijhida 

wo tsukeru ; ckijlmase-ru. 

Crimson, a. makka no ; shojohl (@ 
>*^^|f) no ; shinku (|R^) no. 

Crimson, n. makka ; sfwjohi. 

deep , shinkoslioku (Stfefi) 5 

Criilg'C, i.v. hetsurau ; hei-hei s. 
Crinkle, i.v. chijimaru. 
Cripph', n. kataica ; fwjusha [Tf,^ 

jg) ; (lame) chimba ; bikko ; (lame in 

both legs) izari ; (Avoiinded bird or 

beast) ie-oi. 
Cripple, t.v. fufju (7f^) ni s ; (fig.) 

nolkata-asld ico ioru ; nolikioi too 


to be d (fig., speaking of one's 

self), kata-nde wo mofjarete oru. 
Crisis, n. (of a disease) iixje ; yama ; 

(political) kikyu (/a^) "O 'oA,i ; kiki 

[TiLM) ; kikyu-sombo (1t^,tj-t:) "O 

toki; jikyoku (^^y). 
Crisp, a. (as, bank-notes) p«?-i-p;tri 

SU7-U ; (of hair) cMjireta ; (of paper, 

silk, etc.) shkca no yotta. 
Crispness, n. cldjireta koto ; shhi-a 

no yotta koto. 
Criterion, n. jo<ji ; Injujuu (t*!^) ; 

kiku mm)- 

to take as a , niyotiekessuni. 

Critic, n. (connoisseur) kanteisha (^ 
5^^) ; fjwjansha (^HR^) ; mckiki ; 
(literary) hihyoka (itf^SC) ; hydron- 
.shu (3'l=„?|ft^-). 

adverse , akuhyosha iM^ 

•M) ; hihosha [W^^)- 

Critical, a. (dangerous) kiwadni ; 
ayaui; kikyu (■f^,-^,) na ; kiki-ippntsM, 
(^SS—H) ; (liaving skill to discrimi- 
nate) kanshlki (^|3i) no aru ; (in- 
clined to find fault) hihyodzuki na ; 
(of illness) kitoku [1a.%) na. 

at the moment, m-i.mka no 

toki ni. 

day (for the crops), yak-xtbi. 

when the monaent arrives, 

sono magiica ni natte. 

Critically, adv. (accurately) kanshild 

de ; seimit^u (Ifpj^) ni ; ioku to. 

Criticise, t.v. (adversely) Mnan .s ; 
(an argument) bempaku (^5)t) * J 
(judge whether an article is genuine 
or not) kantei (^S) s ; mekiki .9 ; 
(review) hihyo (^tl^) •* ; hyoron (fj^ 
f^) s ; rompyb (g^f?) s. 

Criticism, n. hihyo ; (adverse) hinan 
(^W) '■> ("•rt of judging whether an 
article is genuine or not) kantei-jutsu 
(^rSffi) ; (judgment passed) hyoron ; 
hihyo ; (of an argument) bempaku. 

Critique, n. kantei (^^) ; hihyo (#[; 
^) ; ken-elsu (|t^). 

Croak, i.v. (of crows) ka-kd to naku ; 
(of frc^s) naku. 

Croaking, n. nakhjoe. 

Crocliet, n. ippon-bari ; (ot music) 
sJiib^i-omjm (H^ u"^). 

Crockery, n. tsuchiyaki ; setomono ; 
toki {^fSf) ; (unglazed) suyaki ; gicaki 


ware shop, setomonoya ; to- 


Crocodile, n. icani. 

tears, soi'u-naki ; .soj-a- 


Cromlech, n. koyvseki (iWlfiS). 
Crone, n. shiica-kucha bahu ; roba 

Crook, t.v. maije-ru ; yugame-ru. 
Crook, n. niagari. 

by hook or by , <o (56) "«> 

kaku (^j) mo. 
Crook-back, n. scmushi. 


[ 204 ] 


Crooked, a. magatta ; yuganda ; 
unerikunetta ; (morally) yokoshima 
na ; fvsei (^jE) na ; jakyolcu ^ 

Crookedly, lulv. magatte ; yugmaU ; 
uner'ikunette ; (morally) yokoshima 7ii ; 
fusei (^jE) ni ; jakyoku ?h. 

Crookedness, n. magatta koto ; (of 
morals) fusei ; jakyoku ; yokoshima. 

Crop, n. (of a bird) ebukuro ; (yield of 

grain) cleki ; sakrt ; tori-ire ; shfi- 
kiraku (Jlic8|). 

bad , kyonen ('(li^) ; fusnku 

( :^f^) ; h-yosakii. 

g'ood , honen (!K^) ". tiosakfi. 

the B, sakumotsH (f^!Rj). 

Crop, i.v. karu ; (of l^easts) tabe-ru ; 

Croi>-oiit, i.v. (le-ru ; araicare-ru ; 
shxUsugen (ti\^) s. 

Crosier, n.shakiQo {^1^) ; (formerly 
carried by priests of the Zen sect) 
nyoi (4dS)- 

Cross, n. (figure) jfiji ; jftmonji ('hiSt 
lyi) ; jfijikel {-\".j'B) ', (gibbet) jwji/.a 

red society, sekijujisha (^ 

Cross, a. (peevish) konju (^fS) "O 
icanii ; iji (M.^) »o "■'""«{ ; (trans- 
verse) yoko no. 

lie is to-day, a no }»to tea kyo 

»M chushi (^MJ-) y« rrnnii. 

to be , jire-ru. 

Cross, t.v. (cheque) uijsiijitco hika ; 
nilsemhiki (IK? I) tco s ; (a hill) kosu ; 
koe-m ; (a river) icataru ; (put a- 
thwart each other) butchi-gae-ru ; 
butchigae ni s ; kosa (^X) s ; 
(thwart) sanutinge-ru ; niljama tco s ; 
bdgai (t^%) s. 

ed cheque, seuibiki-kogitte. 

to a daimyo's procession, 

saki tco kiru ; tomo-giri ^co s. 

to one another (and so not- 1 

meet), iki-chigau. j 

to out, kesn ; tmimtsu (^{^) i 


to the path of, i)olmichi ico 

kiru, or yokogiru. 

Cross-action, n. hanso (Sfr) [Civ. 

Cross-beam, n. ydkobari. 

Cross-bill, n. (bird) Is-ukn. 

Cross-bred, a. zasshu iWA) no. 

horse, zasshu-umn 

Cross-breed, t.v. nojtane iro maze' 

Cross-examination, n. kUs'nmn 

(intS\)'y (law) hantai-jimmon {S.^W^ 

Cross-examine, t.v. kitsumon s. 
Cross-eyed, a. yabur-nirame na. 

a person, yabu-nirami. 

Cross-lire, n. (mil.) kosha (^^i). 
Cross-grained, a. (perverse) igan- 

da ; Iienktdsu (|gjg) na ; nejUccta ; 


Crossing, n, (on a railway) fumi- 

Cross-legged, a. to sit , agnra 

tco kakti. 

Crossly, adv. iji-tcaruku ; midto shite 

Crossness, n. iji-warui koto. 

Cross-piece, n. (wooden) yokogi ; 

Cross-piiriK)ses, n. to be at , 

miijun C^M) *•• 

Cross-question, t.v. toi-tsunu-ru ; 
kitsumon (^^) s; ■\ taikitm (fj|±) 

Cross-road, n. yokomichi ; yuk<»-hu. 
s, yotsu-kado; yotsa-sttji. 

Cross-stitcli, t.v. chidori-gake ni 

Cross-trees, n. (of a ship) yokvgi. 
Cross-AVise, adv. yoko ni ; yokosama 

Crotch, u. mata ; mata-gura. 

Crotcliety, a. mono-dzuki na. 

Croton-oil, n. hadzu-yu. 

Crouch, i.v. shagamu ; udztikumaru ; 
koshi tco kagame-ru ; kussuru ; kogo- 
mii ; chiisakti naru. 

CroHp, n. (med.) bahifu {Slil^B.)- 



[ 205 ] 


CroAV, n. karasu. 

carrion , hashihoso-garasu ; 


Japan , kashibuto-garasu. 

Crow, i.v. naku ; toki tco fsukiml. 

Crowbar, n. kana-teko. 

Crowd, i.v. yori-atsumaru ; guaslm 
(S¥ft). oi' 'J^'^j^' ^fo nasii ; mitragaru. 

to together, shfigo ($^f[-) 

s ; (jostling) oshi-au ; (noisily) 
gotatsuku ; gota-gota s ; zafto (!^ 

to into, rdloshi-iru. 

Crowd, n. ozH no hito ; gunju {f$ 

m) ; zatto mm -, shugo (m^) ■, uto 

no yama. 

Crowd, t.v. isume-ru. 

to in, tsume-komu. 

to out, oshi-dasu. 

to be ed out by (one com- 
modity by another), no fame nijatto 
OKffiJ) sare-ru. 
Crowded, a. (in a good sense) nigi- 

yaka na ; (inconveniently) tsumatta ; 

(of bxuldings, close t(^ether) chu- 

mitsu (^^) na. 

a house (theatre, etc.), otri. 

to be , konde oru. 

to get , komi-au. 

Crown, n. (of a Sovereign) kam- 
mufi ; teikican (1^^) ; bkwan (i^); 
(of a hat) yama ; (of a mountain) ita- 
daki ; toge ; zetcho (^75) ; (of the 
bead) ieppen. 

colony, rhokkatsu-skokumin- 

<hi (iiLlMKHfe). 

order of the , hokicansho ( Jf 


Crown, t.v. 7njtaiku-anshiki (^^^) 
wo okonau ; (put the crown on) nij 
knmimirl tco kahi(S€-7-%t. 

to be ed with success, sono 

1.0 (^) xco so (^) s. 

to all, ageku no hate ni. 

Crowning-, n. iaikicanshiki (i£^i\J). 
Crown-prince, n. KwolaisM {^^^ 
-Ir) ; Togu (^^) [in Japan]. 

Crow's-feet, n, mejfiri no shhca. 
Crucible, n. rutsv.ho; kanlaca (tH" 

Crucifix, n. jvjika (-f-^*)|) no zo 


Crucifixion, n. hari-tsuke. 

Crucify, t.v. hari-tsuke ni s ; hari- 
tsuke ni kake-ru ; takusatsu {^^) s ; 
(of Christ) jfijika (-j-^.*g) ni kakeni. 

Crude, a. nama no ; (chem.) /.;«- ; 
sosei ()S.^) "0 ' (coarse) soaku ('^1 
-^) no ; (fig.) mijiiku na ; asaliaka 
na; sempaku (JslJ^) na; sosotsu (^. 
^) na; (rudely made) somatsu (1^ 

5k) ««• 

petroleum, kisekiyu (^ifj 

rft) ; J«2/« (Sfft). 

Crudely, adv. mijuku ni ; asahuka 
ni ; sempaku ni ; sosotsu ni ; somatsu 

Crudeness, n. (fig.) mijuku; sem- 
paku ; asahaka na koto ; sosotsu ; 

Cruel, a. mugoi ; muzan {fe^) na ; 
zankoku (j^BS) na; kakoku (^gS) 
na ; mujo (Ml^) na ; nasake no nai ; 
mujihi (i^^fi,) na ; jaken (^M.) na. 

Cruelly, adv. mugoku ; muzan ni ; 
zankoku ni ; kakoku ni ; mujii ni ; 
nasakenaku ; mujihi ni ; jaken ni. 

Cruelty, n. mugoi-me ; miizan ; ka- 
koku ; mujo ; nasake no nai koto ; 
mujihi ; jaken ; (cruel treatment) 
gyakutai (^^). 

Cruet-stand, n. yakumi-tate. 

Cruise, i.v. junko (Mfr) « ; J«»2/o (''£ 
#) s ; t yuyoku (if-tl) •"'• 

Cruise, n. junko ; junyo. 

Cruiser, n. junybkan (ii^lB). 

armoured , junyo-kdtetf.ukan 

{M^^^iW(.^)^, sokd-junyokan mm 

first-class , ittb {—^) junyo- 


second-class , nitb (n-^ff) 


third-class , santb {SE.'^) jun- 

Crumb, n. kudzu ; kake ; hahcn (H^ 
^) ; shbhen (^h^) ; (as opp. to crust) 

Crumble, i.v. kudzure-ru ; kake-ru. 


[ 206 ] 


Crumble, t.v. momi-kiidaku ; Imdzu- 
su ; kona ni s. 

Crumple, t.v. shiwa ni s. 

to be d, shiwa ni nam. 

to in the hand, mainu. 

to up (as paper), momi-kucha 

ni s. 
Crupper, n. shiri-gai. 

Crusade, n.ji/ji^rwn (-f-^^). 

to make a against, xcojko- 

geki (JJcll) «■ 
Crusll, t.v. oshi-isuhusu ; (by bad 
government) assei (lEift) •"' « (^8-) 
nssuru ; oshi-tsubusu ; atto (Igfflj) s ; 
appaku (Ifgifl) s. 

to out (an epidemic), Vok'u- 

mdsu (tJIJSS) s. 

to with the hand, tsukarm- 

koicasii ; nigiri-tsubusii. 

Crusll, n. zatto ; komi-ai; o.ihi-ai; 
[these words cannot be nsed in the 
nominative case]. 

Crust, n. kaica. 

Crustacean, n. koi-a ; kokaku-dd- 

buisti (fp^mm- 

Crustily, adv. iji-icaruku ; nejikurete. 
Crustiness, n. iji no icaind koto ; 
nejikureta koto. 

Crusty, a. (peevish) iji no irarui ; 

Crutch, n. shumoku-dzue ; shumoku 

Crux, n. (in a book or writing) iianjo 
(Mf^) ; (in a problem) nanten (glSi). 

Cry, t.v. to down, kenasu; 

.loshiru ; hibo (^f5) *• 
Cry, i.v. naJcu ; namida ico kobosu. 

to out, koe ico dasu ; sakebu ; 

(with a loud voice) daikatsii-is.'sci 
(AIS^!^) s. 

Cry, n. (call) koe ; yobi-'joe ; (soirnd 
of crying) naki-goe ; sakebi-goe. 
a single , hiio-koe. 

Cry-baby, n. miki-mushi. 

Cryptomeria, n, sugi. 

Crystal, n. (chem.) kesshotai (^J| 
^) ; (rock) suisho (7!?^). 

Crystalline, _ a. tomei {'^^) no; 
sujci-idtta ; cJwsei (^Vn) 'i^- 

Crystallizatior,, n. kessho. 

Crystallize, i.v. kessho s ; kata- 

Crystallize, t.v. kessho sase-ru ; 

Crystallized, a. (in sngar) satij- 
dzuke 1V0. 

sugar, kori-zatb. 

Cub, n. ko. 

Cube, n. saigata ; rippotai {'jL'^i^) I 
(arith.) npposeki (jLiS^)- 

Cube, n root, rippokon (:^';fS 

tii) ; sanjokon (Hlglfi)- 
Cubeb, n. hiJiatsu; kaclwka. 
Cubic, a. one foot, isshaku-rippo 

Cubical, a. rlpjxj no ; rippotai {^')S 
m no. 

Cuckoo, n. (cuculus canorus) kak- 
kb-dori ; (c. himalayanus) tsutsu- 
dori ; (c. hyperytlirus) jiiichi ; masu- 
hakari ; (c. poliocephalns) hototogisu ; 
token (ttiS). 

Cucumber, u. kiuri. 

Cud, n. to chew the , nire- 

Cu<I<II«', t.v. daku; dakko s ; daki- 
dnkl s [two last children's worids]. 

Cudgel, n. bb ; kmnbb (tS#)- 

to take up the s for, xroj 

bengo (^M) *' I nijkasd (Jn|}-) s. 

Ciulffel, t.v. nijbb vco kuraicase-ru ; 
bb de utsu. 

to one's brains, nb (flS) %co 

nnyame-ru ; no wo shiboru. 

Cue, n. (of head-dress) nuige ; (bill- 
iard) * ; tnniaisitki-bb ; (trace) te-ga- 

Cuft", n. * ; sode-kurhi ; sode-berl. 

Cuff", t.v. te no hira de utsu ; haru. 

Cuirass, n. db (flg). 

Cul-de-sac, n. fakuro-marhi ; iki- 

Culinary, a. (pertaining to cooking) 
rybrUib ()|43^) no ; rybi'i-jutsa {f^^ 
mi) "0 ; (pertaining to kitchen) dai' 
dokoro no. 


[ 207 ] 


Cull, t.v. ioi'u; nuku; hiki-nuku; 
(flowers) mushiru ; (from a book) 
hassui (^^) s. 

CiiIlTiinate, i.v. (astron.) fthigosen 
{-f'^^) ni itaru ; (end) shukyoku (|5 
^) s ; (reach acme) kyokutan (S^) 
ni nam. jfx 

Culmination, n. (astron.) s?dgosen 
ni itaru koto ; (fig.) kyokudo (S)^) » 
kyokuien (^gfi). 

Culpability, n.fu-todoki net koto; 
semu-ieki koto ; yuzai (>^|i). 

Culpable, n. furtodoki na; semu- 
beki ; yiizai na. 

to be , (deserving blame) ica] 

.seme ga aru ; ica] sekinin (5^) ga 
aru ; (criminal) ica] tsumi ga aru. 

Culprit, n. (criminal) zainin (I^A) ; 
hanzai-nin (ffif^A) ; tsumi-bito ; toga- 
nin ; (person giulty of a fault) kica- 
shitsusha (i^^-^). 

Cultivate, t.v. tsukuru; (a beard) ; (devote attention to) shilgyd 
(^M) s ; osame-ru ; -^takuma (1^^) 
s ; -fremma (^Eg) s ; (tea, tobacco, 
etc.) baiyo (i^-^) s ; saibai {^t^) s ; 
(till, of fields) tagayasu ; (foster) ybsei 

mm s. 

to a taste for art in tlie 

lower classes, katb-slmkicai ni 
bljutsu-shiso (-51^/©®) 'CO okosase- 

Cultivated, a. (fig.) shayo (j^f|) no 
aru ; kyoiku (fScW) '*o <^''" ! bunga 

Cultivation, n. kbsaku (>gH^) ; 
tagayasld ; (of tea, etc.) baiyb (J|f^) ; 

area under , sakutsuke-tam- 

betsu (^jpiif^M). 

to bring under , kaikon (03 

^) s ; kaihaisu (0g|t) 5- 
Culture, n. (fig.) shuyo; kyoiku; 
kyokica (ffcffc) ; kaikica (g^ft) ; (of a 
microbe) baiyii (J^^). 

physical , iaiiku (JfCj^). 

Cumber, t.v. (embarrass) konvirase- 

ru ; wadzuraicasu ; kurushlme-ru ; 
(obstruct) /usaj/eru ; v. Encumber. 

Cumbersome, a. kasabatia ; (trou- 
blesome) wadzuraicashii ; mendo- 
to be , kasabarxi. 

Cumulative, a evidence, 

fukusho (^ig). 

Cumulus, n. sekilcwan-un (^^g). 

Cunning", n. saru-jie ; kokatsu ($c 
Jg-) ; (sMll) tide ; iidemae ; giryo (JJ^ 

Cunning', a. kosui ; kokatsu tm ; 
icarugashikoi ; dzurui ; (in a good 
sense) takumi na ; giri/o jio ant ; ude- 
mae no aru. 

workmanship, myvgi {f^ 

Cunninghamia sinensis, kdyb- 
zan; oranda-momi. 

Cunning'ly, adv. kosuku ; kokatsu 
ni ; icarugashikoku ; dzuruku ; (in a 
good sense) takumi ni. 

Cup, n. lean (;^) ; (of an acorn) choko ; 
(of foreign make) koppu ; (prize) .s7io- 
hai (^^) ; (sake) sakadzuki ; clioko 
[properly cJioJcu] ; (tea) ckaican (^ 

and ball, kendama ; muh- 


one of, ippai (— IS)- 

parting , bepp<u (JjlJ^) ; 

tcakare no sakadzuki. 

to be in one's s, sake nl 


to be quarrelsome in one's 

s, ica] .sake no we ga icarxd. 

to return a (after drinking 

from it at another's invitation), hein- 
IMi (iSS) s. 
Cup, t.v, nii'sui-fukube, or suidanvt, xco 

Cupboard, n. oshi-ire ; todaim ; (for 

food) nedzumi-iradzu ; [a small 

under the kokabe is called fukuro- 

on the AooT, ji-bukuro. 

Cupidity, n. donyolcu C^SS) J dan- 
ran (Jt^) ; donshin (S!'t>). 

Cupola, n. nvxru-yane. 

Cupping-glass, n. sid-fukube ; sul- 


[ 208 ] 


Curable, a. to be , naoi-ase-m. 

Curate, n. holcvshi-ho 

Curator, n. (of museum) kicanrinin 
('^3A); (of person legally incom- 
petent) hosa-nin (^^ A) [Civ. Co.]. 

Curb, t.v. osae-ru ; sei ($|J) s. 

Curb, n. iorii-bami ; tome-tadzuna ; 
(fig. restraint) kihan {W^)'^ (o^ a 
IKLih) fuchi-ishi ; (of a well) ido-gaica ; 
stone, Tiadowe-ishi. 

Curd, n. bean , tofu (HJ^). 

Curdle, i.\.kaiamaru. 

Cure, t.v. naosu; ryoji (i^f^) s ; chi- 
''!/<> ifu^) s ; (dry) himono ni s. 

to l>e d (of a disease), naoru. 

to be d of, nijkori-kori s. 

to be perfectly , zenkicai (^ 

til) .s- ; homhuku (^ffi) .v ; zeni/u (^ 

Cur<', n. (Ijeing cured) tutoru koto ; 
(curing) ryoji (jjif^) ; chiryo (fii0.). 
complete , zenji (^f&). 

Curio, n. see Curiosity. 

Curio.sity, n. (inqui.sitiveness) koki- 
shin (4f2f 'to ; mono ?ro kikitagaru 
koto ; monodzuki ; (mnnnfacture or 
product peculiar to a locality) mei- 
hutsu(^^); me'is'in (^^); (rarity) 
medzurushii mono; kihiif.<m (^!i^) ; 
metta ni uai mono. 

ies (curios), kottohm (#jgur«) ', 


a , chmki(^^). 

an ancient , jidai-mono. 

dealer, doguya ; kottoya (^ 


hunter, dogu-dzuki. 

sbop, dogvya; kottoten (#£ 

/£). ^. ■ 

morbid (to see a horror), 


Curious, a. (inquisitive) kokishin ($f 
^it^) 710 aru; sensaku (^H) dzuki 
na ; mono ico kikitagaru ; monodzuki 
na ; (queer) kitai (^Jfc) na ; kii (^ 
^) na ; (rare) medzurashii ; metta ni 
denai ; kimyo (t^Mf) 'in- 

curiously, adv. (inquisitively) mo^w- 
dzuki ni ; kikitagatte ; shiritagatte ; 
(queerly) kitai ni ; kii ni ; (with nice 
caxe) Seiko {i^i^) ni ; komyo (i^H*) 

Curiousiicss, n. (exactness of work- 
manship) .Seiko {1f^^) ; komyo. 

Curl, i.v. (of smoke) maki-agaru ; (of 
waves) une-ru ; udzunutku ; chijireru . 

to up (as, a piece of paper), 


Curl, t.v. chijiraseru ; hineru. 

to itself up (of a cat), nutru- 

Icu nam. 

Curl, n. (of hair) chijire-ke ; makige ; 
chijiregami ; (of waves) tidzumaki. 

Curlew, n. (numenius lineatiis) o- 
jaku-shigi ; (n. minor) shaku-.shigi ; 
(n. vari^atus) kojaku-shigi. 

Curly, a. chijireta. 

Curliucss, n. cJdjireta koto. 

Currency, n system, heisei 


metal , tsuyd-kicahei (ffifflit 

m ; tsukKa ( jfi^). 

paper , satsu (^) ; shihei (|ft 

^) ; chohei (^SJ). 

Current, n. ryiitsu (gfeiai); kyuryfi 
{^.M) 'y (of water) nagare ; choryu (jfl 
^) : kyuryu ; (fig.) choryu. 
electric ..,.., denryil (I^M)- 

the Black (off Japanese 

coast), Kuro-.shio. 

Current, a. (fashionable) ryuko {ff£ 
^i) no ; hayari no ; (present) genkon 
(^It*) 'W ; ini* "0 ; to- (^) ; gen- 
(9t) I [t'l® ^^^^ t^^o i^ Chinese com- 

a word, tsfiyd-koloba ; tsugo 

(Min) ; f^tsi'i (If ii) jw) kotoba. 

account, toza-adzukari ; (be-' 

tween traders) kogo-keisan (^gpf 
tl) [Com. Co.]. 

expenditure, keihi (^g) ; 

keijdhi m'^W- 

month, togetsu C^H); kon- 

getsu (-^fi } ; hongetsu {t^^ }. 


report, torisnta; ftlhyc ( 

§f-) ; mcasa ; filsetsu (Jgl.t^). 


[ 209 ] 


year, toneii; koioslii; konnen 

C^S^); honneH (il^i^). 

petty account, kogurJa-toza. 

to be , (silyu {^)]\) s ; (of a 

rumour) seken (jUrR^) ni okonaware- 
j-w, or ritfit (^;ifti) .v ; (of a word) 

C'lirreiltly, a<lv. tsime ni ; ippan (— 
fISt) ni ; amaneku ; isiljUe ; zokii (f&) 

Ciirriculiiiii, n. kimiei {'^^i) ; <jak- 
ko-kicamoku ( jfj^Ei ) . 

<.'urry, t.v. (a horse) nolie-ire too s ; 
no/ke wo kosuru ; (leather) namesu. 

to favour with, ni/kobi-ru ; 

ni/kobi-hetsKrau. ; «)/o bekka ico 

Curry, n. kare. 

Currycomb, n. umat/nshi (| 
uma no kancn/ushi. 

Curse, n. (of man) noroi ; juso (92 
ilB.) ; (of t^® go<ls) taiari ; iacfti. 

s come home to roost, kilo 

ICO noroicaba ana futatsu. 

to incur a , ni\hac]ii (ja aiaru 

[E. snl>j.^J. obj.] ; (atari tco uke- 

C'urso, t.v. (invoke harm against) 


this d fellow, kono bachi- 


Cursive, a hand, soshn (//lH); 

hayagaki (jSJll?;). 
Cursorily, adv. yiUo ; sosotsa (^^) 

id; keisotsu (M.^) ni; sosii (^-*) 

ni ; sorynkn (!^^) ni. 

Cursoriiiess, n. eqniv. of Cursory- 
foil, by koto. 

Cursory, a. zatto shila ; chotto .skita ; 
sosotsu na ; keisotsu tia ; soryaku na. 

Curt, a. buaiso (^SMtl) 'w ; temijika 

na ; .sokkenai ; tbtotsti (I,lf5?) na ; 
hukkiraho na [vulg.]. 

Curtail, t.v. herasu ; tsmue-ru ; Jutsho- 
ru; mijikaku .<? ; setsugen (8ffJ^) s; 
mijikavie-rti. ; shdryaku (^^) s. 

to privileges, kenri (ff:flj) 

?'0 sogu. 

Curtain, n. maku (^) [a.n. hari] [a 
long inece of cloth stretched on poles 
in the open air, or hung over a door- 
way] ; (at a theatre) maku ; hiki- 
maku ; (awning over a shop-front) 
noreu (if3|) [a.n. kake]. 

window , mado-kake [a.n. 

kumi] ; as, 

a pair of s, mado-kake hito- 


Curtly, adv. buaiso jii ; temljika ni ; 
sokkenaku ; hukkirabo ni. 

Curtness, n. hmaisd ; sokkenasa. 

Curvature, n. xcankyolcu (J^ft); 
(degi-ee of) kyokudo (ift^). 

Curv'e, n. koseii (^^) ; yumi-nari ; 
nabedzuru-nari ; kyokusen (jfij;^) ", (of 
a sword) sori. 

Curve, t.v. mage-ru ; (upward) sorase- 

d sword, wankyok-u-id 

7J ) ; sori-katana. 

d traj ectory , icankyokti-dan- 

do mmwM)- 

to be d, magai-u; (upward) 


Cushion, n. (for sitting on) zabuton 
iJ^MM) ; -ihitone. 
air , ktiki-makitra. 

Custodian, n. bannin (® A) ; (of a 
museum) kicanrinin (^3^A)- 

Custody, n. (of i^ersons) kar.ahu (g^ 
tfp) ; kango (^M) \ (of things) ho- 
kwan (^^). 

to be in the of, ni/adzuketf. 

an( ; (of the police) no/katmhi (^ 

jiig) ni natte oru. 

charge for , hokinamyo (fj: 

to give into the of (of 

things, etc.), nijadzukele okit. 

to keep in , koryfi (tftfS) s; 

kvkin (YaiW -i- 

to take into , kijin (Jft^l) 'J 


Custom, n. (legal term) kicaii.<thu (tS 
^) [Civ. Co.] ; (practice) shikitari ; 
.shi'ikican (^fS) «' "^'"^ ! (practice of 
frequenting a shop) toktd ; (usage) 


[ 210 ] OUT 

fSzoku (JB.(&) : ffishfi {UtS) '> shukican 
(^ta) ; fiigi (kWk) ■' kwanrel (tSM) ; 
naraicctshi ', fu (S,). 

bad s, akuhei (^,^); heishu 

(^W. aktisha (^®). 

old 8, kyfthei { ftH? ). 

Custoinariiy, adv. tsilrei 
fudan (/fWi) ; tsxine ni ; naraicashi ni 
yotte; ts,lj5 (a^) ; helf, (^^); 
atanuuie ni. 

Clistoniarj', a. tsurei no ; atarimae 
no ; tsune no ; Istljo {^^) no ; rei 
(9!) "o ; J^f'jo (^^) "0 ; shukwan 
CStS) "o ; narairashi no. 

it is to , traftilsfi, 

or istuie, de ant. 

Customer, n. l-yuku (^) ; (mer- 
chant) torihiki-saki (5l3l^) ', (Pur- 
chaser) kai-ie. 

constant , iokui; iokuUsaki ; 


Custoni-liouse, u. zelkicui, (glHi)- 

Customs, n. zelkican (IftBJ)- 

commissioner of , 2ei'A.'tra»- 

<-Ao (KRg). 

conventional tariff, kyo- 

tei-zeirUsu (taUitft$). 

bureau, kiranzvi-kyoku (^gt 


duties, Inranzti; kaikirnnzel 


law, kuaitzeiho (|||ttJ£). 

tariff, h-aiktcameisoku ()i^|IH 

Gut, n. (of a garment) sh'date-kafa ; 
tachi-kata ; (rood or passage mmle by 
catting) kiri-doshi ; (wound) kiri- 

slight (woxmcl), asade ; i(.s«- 


Cut, t.v. kint ; iaisu [used only of 
things in sheets, as, woven fabrics, 
leather, or paper] ; (a canal) kai- 
saku (ffilB) s: (ilig) horu; (hah) 
karu ; (mow) karu. 

to be about to , kiri-kakaru. 

to be up about, vojzannen- 


to across, yoko ni kiru. 

to a dash, omote wo haru; 

gwaikican (J'hK) ko kazaru; nue 

tco ham. 

to a figure, n^eilatsu. 

to and scatter, tcojkiri- 


to asunder, kiri-Jtanasu. 

to cards, knruia iro kiru. 

to down, (a thing suspend- 
ed) kiri-otosu ; (a tree, or a man) 
kini ; kiri-taosu ; (pay or exjienses) 
kedzuni ; herasu ; set sv gen (ffiJii^) 
s ; genji-ru. 

to down the price, Jiey in*. 

to each other (lit.), kiri-au. 

to fine, komnka ni kirn; 


to into bits, kiri-kttdaku ; 


to into little bits, saiaan 

dt-*) "» kiru; dzvda-ihuda ni 

to off, kiri-otosu ; (dastroy) 

taya.'iu ; datizetsu (KIS) sa.<teru ; 
(of troops, etc.) sttsudan (^IBr) -^ I 
shadan (JSVH) ^• 

to one's w^ay through, iro/ 


to one's w^isdom teeth, 

icaJA-T ga Juieru [vulg.]. 

to open, (aboil) nnkwhi fo 

fike-ini ; (the Ixxly) kiri-ldrnku. 

to out, kiri-mtku ; (a cancer) 

kiri-il'isii ; (carve) hoiti ; rhiilcoku 
(H'yM) •*•' ; (clothes) tatsu ; (sup- 
plant) da.shinukxt [vnlg.]. 

to short, (abbreviate) lnume- 

ru ; hushoru ; (what one is saying 
one's self) tsudzume-ni ; (what some- 
one else is saying) nolhannsJd ko 

to teeth, ua]hn ga hae-ni. 

to to pieces, (annihilate) (^Sc) •'♦ ; mina-goroshi nl s. 
to up, kiri-S'iku : (criticize ) 

kokuhyo (nm) »■ 

to with scissors, Im-tami- 

kiru ; hasamu. 

Cut, i.v. kireru. 

to at, nijciri-kakeru. 

to badly, kirenai. 

to into, niikiri-knmv. 

to well, yokxi kiri'-nt. 

CutailO«HIS, a. kmcn nn. 

disease, hlfubyu (ikM^f]). 

Cutcll, n. asen-yaku (Mflll^)- 


[ 211 ] 


Cute, a. kibin (\S^) »<<' ' ««6oj/at. 
Cuticle, lu uicakaira ; kyohi (^^). 
Cutler, n. hamono-kaji. 

Cutlery, n, hamono. 

a shop, hamonoya; kana- 


Cut-purse, n. kinchakkiri; siiri; 
chibo [Kyoto]. 

Cutting', n. (of a canal, road, etc.) 
kaisaku dSH) ; (of a newsjiaper) 
kiri-nuki ; bassui (^0^) ; (of a plant) 
sashi-ki ; (of a railroad) kiri-doshi ; 
(of cloth) tachi-kvdzu ; (of metal) 

Cutting, a. (severe) kokurefsu (gSSi) 
na ; kibishii ; mi tro kiru yo na. 

Cuttlefish, n. (octopus) tako [a.n. 

Itai (^)l ; (sepia) Uca [a.n. hai (26)1- 

dried , surume. 

Cutting-out, n. (of clothes) toc7«£- 

Cutworm, n. nekiri-musM. 

Cycle, n. tenkican (|f^). 

one (of Japanese chronol(^y ), 

ikkoshi ( — fpj-) ; icMgen (— 7C)- 

Cj'Clist, n. jUensha-nori. 

Cyclone, n. tsumvji-kaze ; sempii (jg 


Cvcloi>e<lia, n. hyakkica-ieiisJio ("g 

Cylinder, n. choehkei (:gH^) J (of » 
machine) kiio (^^) ; erdo (S^)- 

Cylindrical, a. e«/o (@^) nari no; 
choenkei (^Wi^) no. 

Cymbals, n. nyuhachi ; svtrigane. 

CjTiara scolymus, chosenrozaml. 

Cypher, n. (monogram) kudzushi- 
gaki ; (ntunber) suji (ft^) ; (secret) 
angb (^-3S) 5 (nsed by tradesmen) 
fucho (#)B|) ; (zero) ret (5). 

teleg^ram, ango-dempo {^^ 

Cyst, -D.fukuro, 


D, n. CNo. 4) lei (T)- 

T>ab, t.v. (with a wet rag) shitorasu. 

Dabble, i.v. (in water) midzu-itadzura 

tco s ; bocha^xKlui s ; (in mnd) bata- 

Ixtta s. 

to in (fig.), mjatama ico isuk- 

I>abchick, n. mogwri ; kailsumuri. 
r>ace, n. (lenciscns macropns) Jiaya ; 

hae ; (L hakuensis) ugui. 
Dacoits, n. dohi (±g). 
Daddy-longlegs, n. seilaka-mushL 
Dado, n. koshi-bari. 
Daffodil, n. ki-zuisen (HtJcWi)- 
Dagger, n. tou/o (^7J); aikticU; 

(carried in the bosom) krtaiken (fil 

gg) ; (short sword formerly worn at 

the side) icaki-zashi ; (formerly worn 
with katana and icaJcizashi) yoroi- 
dvshi ; (printer's sign) ken (^). 

to look s, me ni kado-fate-ru. 

Dahlia, n. ienjiku-botan (55«:tt^). 
Daily, adv. hibi-hS)i ; hibi ni ; mal- 

nichi{%B)', (<lay ^ ^7 more) Ai- 

mashi ni. 

Daily, a. hibi no ; mainichi no ; (in 
daily nse) nichiyo ( B ffi) "O ; nichijo 

allowance, nitto ( B ^). 

necessaries, nichiyohin (B 


ration, hibi no ategai. 

wage, nikkyu ( fl I&). 

Dailv, n. (newsjiaper) nikkan- 


[ 212 ] 


Dainty, a, (agreeable to the j)alate) 
oishii; umai; fund (Sl5$) 'w yoi; 
(elegant) kyasha (1^^) na ; (fas- 
tidious regarding food) tahemono no 

to be , eri-^irai ico s. 

Dainty, n. iimai'inono ; himi (||i!$). 
to be fond of ies, hishoku 

Dairy, n. chichi-ya ; gyimyu-yn ; {lyfi- 

nyi'i-sah-iishvjo (4^?L^-BsC/^f)- 
Dairymau, n. chichiya. 

Dais, n.;odrtn(.hS); koseki (pgflg) ; 
(nt a story-teller's) koza (i^)^;). 

Daisy, n. eimel-riiku (^^^). 
ox-eye , furansu-*jiku. 

Dally, i.v. (idle) gumisuku. 
to with, nijfuzake-nt. 

Dam, n. (barrier) fteki (Jg); (of 
horses, as (Hst. from sire) hai-a. 

Dam, t.v. seki-tcnne-ru ; nijseki wo s. 

Damage, n. (injury) kidzu ; songai 
mm ; kison mm [Com. Co.] ; (by 
lire, flood, etc.) Mgai (^^) ; (by 
flooil) suigai (7|t^) ; (to a building, 
ship, etc.) fiOSOH (^^) ; (to crops, 
etc.) gai (§) ; (loss) son (|g^) ; (com- 
pensation for) ts^tgltnoi-kin ; songai- 
hdisho (tSif 15®) ; songaikin. 

claim for s, songai-yoshu {^ 

"^3?St) ; songai-baisho no scikyii 


sea , kaUon (}^i|.) [Com. Co.]. 

show me where the is, 

itami-sho wo misete kure. 

Damage, t.v. itame-ru ; sonji-i-u ; 
ni'kidzu iro tsiike-rii ; kison .v. 

d goods, sonji-mono ; (by 

water) saicaie-mono. 

to be d, itamu; sonji-ru; ni] 

k'ulzu ga tsuku ; hason s ; sonsho 

mm) s. 

Damaging, a to, irojgai sum. 

it is to the country's 

reputation, kokka (|9^) no iai- 
men (f^M) wo kegasu. 

Damascened, a. nie no uita. 

Damask, n. (article of import) nion- 

satin , Jo)isn. 

Damnation, n. hatsu (f^). 

Dami>, n. shimeri-ke ; sJiikki (MM.) J 

Damp, a. sh'aneppoL 

to become , shikkeru ; .f/ame. 


Damp, t.v. shhnesu. 

Dance, i.v. odoru ; mau [used of 
ceremoniixl dances like the no (t|), or 
slow processional dances on the 

Dance, t.v. odorase-ru. 

Dance, n. hnto [a.n. Ian (f§)] ; 
odori; mai [a.n. kyoku (j[I])] ; (ball) 
hiddkicai (H^-f ). 

Court (performed to music 

by male dancers gorgeously 

dres.sed), hiigaku (J|ISi). 

sacred (at Shinto shrine), 


the cherry (at Kyoto), 


Dancing, n. odoni koto ; odori ; (in 
European style) hido. 

prohibition of music and 

(in time of jjublic mourning), oil- 
gyokti-ieishi ( a'ftl^lL). 
rope , tsumi-icafari. 

Dancing-girl, n. odoriko ; kan- 
gyoku (4^3£) ; aka-eri ; shitajikko ; 
maiko [W. Jajian] ; (of the kagura) 

to hire s, odoriko, etc., %co 


Dandelion, n. iumpo ; tftmpopo. 

DancUe, t.v. ayasu. 

DandruflF, u.fuke. 

Dandy, n. sharemono ; daiesha. 

Dane, n. Demmakku-j'm (T^A). 

Danger, n. ayaui-mc ; kiken (^\%,) ; 
(likeliboo<l) osore. 

his life is not in , seimei (^ 

PI?) nl ica hetsujo (M^^) gc- nai. 

imminent , klkyu (fa^). 

there is no , ahunage ga nai. 

there is no of, kidzukai tea 

nai following vb. 

to fall into , ahunai-me ni 


[ 213 ] 


Dangerous, a. ahunai ; kiken na ; 
kennon na ; ayaui ; (of weather at 
sea) ken-aku (p^^) na ; (infested 
with thieves) husso ($?jH) na. 

articles, kikenibtdsu {ioM. 

to life, inochi ni saxcaru. 

extremely , kiken-semban 

ifd.m'f-m) na. 

very (of sick person's condi- 
tion), kitoku (^,'g) ui naita. 

Dangle, i.v. iia-a-sagaru. 

Dangle, t.v. bura-sage-ru. 

Daniel, n. Danieni. 

Dani.sli, a. Demmakku (T^) "». 

Danish, n. Demmakkxi-go. 

Dapline, n. d. genkwa, fuji- 
modoki ; choji-sakiira. 
d. odor a., jinchoke. 
d. pseudo-mezereon, oni-shiba- 

ri ; natsu-bozii. 

Dapliuiphylliiin, n. yudzuri-ha. 
Dappled, a grray horse, 


Dare, i.v. I say (perhaps), ka 

mo shirenai. 

not to to (lack conrage to), 

ijiiki (^M.) 9^ ^(^i following vb. 

Daredevil, a bravery, boko- 

hybka (^L^fjm) no yu {^). 
Daredevil, n. bbkenslia (^PICiSV 
Daring, n. daitan iJ^M)- 
l>aring, a. daitan na ; kbno nofutoi : 
t yiikan (HSfc) 'i« ; (in bad sense) 
dzubutoi; daitan-fuieki (:A:BS^ffi[) 7ia. 
I>aringly, adv. daitan m ; (reck- 
lessly) mukb-midzu ni. 

Dark, n. kurayami. 

after , hi ga kurde kara; 

kuraku imtte kara. 

.Dark, a. (destitute of light) kurai; 
(of colour) koi ; (of complexion) 

cell (prison), room 

(photo.), atwihitsu (ffgf^)- 

lantern, gando-jochln {JfgtM 


night, anyaiVlf^). 

red, a. makka na ; n. (con- 
taining a shade of brown) kxtromi- 
gakatta aka. 

pitch. , makkura na ; shin no 

yami no ; vhatama no. 

to keep a fact , kaktishi-goto 

xco s. 

to keep , hissori shite oku. 

Darken, t.v. Jcuraku s ; k(^cu s. 

Darken, i.v. kurakxi nam ; koh-ii 
nat-^u ; kuroku nam. 

Darkness, n. (qnality) knrai koto ; 
(d^^ree) kurasa. 

Darling, a. kaicaii ; kawairashii. 
Darling, n. (favourite) o-ki-ni-iri. 
Darn, t.v. karakxim ; ito de. s<t.iu ; 

Dart, i.v. to out, tobi-de-i-u. 

Dart, t.v. to out the tongue 

(of a snake), shita rco dasu, or haki- 

Dart, n. (of a blow-tube) ^ufcij/u. 
Dash, i.v. to against, nijisuki- 

ataru ; nifbidtsukaru. 

Dash, t.v. to against, e mge- 

tsulce-m ; e buchi-tsuke-ru. 

to together, nchi-aic<isu. 

Dash, n. (a slight quantity) kokoro- 
mochi hodo ; (energy) eiki ($^f^) ', 
(check) ketsumadzuki ; ionza (i^^$) ; 
(printer's sign) suji. 

Dashing, a. yidcan (^1?) m. 

Dastardly, a. hikyo (^^) na. 

Data, n. tane ; zairyb iMIi^). 

on what ? doko ni yotlc k<t. 

Date, n. (fruit) iMtsume-ya.-<hi ; 
(period) koro ; (appointed day) tij7/*M 
(^ H ) ; (time limited) nichigen ( 
gg) ; (of a letter, etc.) hidzxtti-e ; gi'-op- 
pi ; xieixgxcappi {^fi Q). 

at an early , rhikai xu-hlui; 

■kin-kin ()l£ ft ) xii. 

of opening, (a railway) kal- 

tsiiki {M^W ' (the Diet) kaikimi- 

ki {m-^m). 

on what ? ikka ni. 

to fix the s (for tnmsiic- 

tions on different days^, hldori ir.> 
kime-rxi ; hixcai-i ico kimeri>. 


[ 2U ] 

Date, t.T. ni/hidziike tco s ; nijgicappi 
tro Jcakii. 

letter d the 10th, toka- 

ilzuke 710 iegami. 

Dative, n. daismikak^i (^H-l^^). 

Daub, t.Y. nuru. 

Daug:liter, n. mus me ; polite ex- 
pressions are o musume-go ; ojo san ; 
go reijo (^^^) [the two latter of an 

unmarried ]. 

adopted , yojo (H^). 

eldest , chojo (^■ifc) ; soryo- 

jmisiime (feS5^) ; ane-musume. 

only , hiiori-mnsttme. 

second , nijo (ziic)' 

youngest , sue-musume. 

Daugiiter-iii-law, n. yome. 
my , iichi jio yome. 

Davit, n. • ; boto-kake. 

Davy-lamp, n. anzen- (^^)- rampit. 

Dawdle, i.v. guzutsuku ; namakeru. 

to along the road, michi- 

Jcusa s ; michi-kusa ico kuu ; michi- 
kusa vco tsumu [pro^-incial]. 

Dawn, n. yo-ake ; ake-gata. 

before , yo-ake inae; kurai 

uchi ni. 

Dawn, impers. v. yo ga ake-ru. 

Day, n. hi; nichi; jitsu; [one , 

ichinichi (— 'H ) ; 2 Sffulsuka ; 

3 s, mikka ; 4 s, yokka ; 

5 s, itsi(ka; 6 s, muika; 

7 s, 7ia)iuka; 8 s, yoka; 

9 s, kokonoka; 10 s, 

toka; 11 , jfdchinichi; and 

so on for the rest of the series ex- 

cejit 14 s, jilyokka; 20 

s, hatsiika; 24 s, niju- 

yokka] ; (in travelling) iomari ; 

haku; as, one , hilotatnari; 

ipjxiku (— Jfl) ; how many 
s ? iku tomari ; iku haku ; (re- 
ception-day) vke-bi ; dset»uhi (fg 

a or two, ichirybnichi (— ^ 


all , ichinichi; sh^jiisu (I* 

H); all to-day, konnichi ichi- 

a w^hole , inani ichinichi. 

by that , sono hi made ni. 


and hour, jijUsu (B|P); 

and night, hiru mo yoru 

mo ; chuya ( J^). 

by , hi-jnashi id; 

by and month by month, 

hi Jii isuki 7ii. 

during the , hiT^ima no ttchi 


every , mainichi (^9); 

hibi-hibi ; hihi 7ii ; iiuiinichi no yo 

7ii ; every other , ichiyiichi- 

oki ni ; kakujitsu (PrI U ) : every 3 

8, futsuka-oki ni; every 5 

s, itsuka-huri ni; tsuki rukti- 


a few s, shigo-iiiehi; a few 

s ago, aenjitsii (:5feH); ''^*ca- 

jitsii (iSH); during the next 

few s, kore kai'a shigo nichi 

710 aida; within a few s, 

.s/iK/o )tichi 710 7ichi. 

good , konnichi ica. 

first of the month, isul- 

iachi; ichinichi; thirtieth 

of the mouth, inisoka ; the rest 
are the same as the series two 

s, etc. 

the first ten s of the 

month, jojitn (Jilc). 

the second ten s of the 

month, rhrijnn (tf'fi])- 

the last ten s of the 

month, gejunCj:^^). 

first of the year, gicanjitsni 


in ten s from to-day, kon.- 

nichi kara toka-me no hi ni. 

in the course of to-day, kyoj>'i 

ni ; kyd tio iichi ni. 

last of the year, u-misoka ; 


number of s, hi-kndzu; 

nissri (Hit). 

of&cer of the , 7iitclioku-sho- 

ko (nSafK); tochokxi-shoko (^ 

one , (a certain d&j)aruhi; 

(in time fnture) gonichi (^H); 

tajitsu m a )• 

only the other , isui kon' 


on that , sono hi 7ii. 

on the of the elections, 

senkyo no tojitsu (ig^^ )• 
solar , faiyojUsu (:^|^n)- 


[ 215 ] 


some , iisu ka. 

the after to-morrow, 

rtsaite ; myogonichi (fW^H ). 

the before, sono mae no hi ; 

sono zenjitsxi (^liifH); the 

before yesterday, issakujitsu 
(— nl^H); ototoi; otofsui; two 

s before, sono futsuka mae. 

the next , sono yokujitsu (^ 

^ 14 ) ; sono akuru hi ; the next 

but five, sono midkn-me no 


the present (time), kon- 

nichi ; tuji (^Bj). 

this year, raineu (3R^) no 


what (of the month) ? ikka. 

work by the , hiyo-sh [goto ; 


Daybook, n. nihldcho ( H Wl^) 5 
deirlcho ; daifukucho 

I>aybreak, n. yo-ake ; shirashira- 
ake ; t shijionome. 

I>ay-laboiir, n. iri-shlgoto ; hiyo- 

Day-labonrcr, n. hhjo-tori ; hl- 

Dayligbt, n. hinima; hakuchu (Q 

before , mimei (t^H^) ni. 

in broad , hii'u-hinaka ni; 

hakuchu ni ; mappiruma. 

I>aj'-lily, n icasure-gusa. 

■J>ay-scliolar, n. isugaku.fei (ifi,^ 
^) ; kayoisei. 

Dazed, a. to be , muchu (^ 

cji ) ni natie oru ; icd\me ga kuramu ; 

honynri s. 

to be with sleep, nehoke-ru. 

Dazzle, t.v. mahu.ihiku s. 

Dazzh', i.v. expr. by the adj. mahii- 

]>azzling', a. mahnshii. 
Doacoii, n. (I'rot) deakono; kicairi 

(^it) ; (Rom. Cath.) hosai (Wi^) ; 

(Bai)tist) shifsiiji (^^). 

IK'acoiicss, n. onna no s-hitsuji ; jo- 
shUstrji (-k%^). 

Dead, a. shinda ', (of a tree) kareta. 
and wounded, shisiiosha 

letter, (postal) mossho (J2 

H) ; (of a law) kubun{^^). 

man, shitiin (5EA) ; hotoke; 

(corpse) shigai (^f^) ; men 

tell no tales, shinin ni Icudii 
nashi. , vi 

tree, kareki. 

festival of the , hon- 

matmri ; (in memoi-y of soldiers 
killed in action) shokon-sai (^^ 

it is uncertain whether he is 

alive or , shoshi (±.5E) 'J'^ 

fumei da. 

to fall in the street, iki- 


to shoot , (with a bow) i- 

korosu ; (with firearms) uchi- 

Dead, adv drunk, sliatai (i|fc) 

7iaku yotta ; dzuburoku ni yotta ; 
deisui (iJBg?) shita. 

to be asleep, yoku nekonde 

oru ; jukusui (^^) shite oru. 

wind ahead, ma^mtkai- 


Dead, n of night, niayonaka; 

yoru no sanaka. 

of winter, fuyu no sanaka ; 

gokan (fSM). 

Deadbeat, a. to be , gakkari 

shite oru. 

Deaden, t.v. (a shock) yawarage-ru ; 
(impair in vigour) 7iibiiku, or yoicaku, 

s ; nihurase-ru. 

Dead-beat, a. to be , v:u\shobu 

ga nai. 

Deadlock, n. nankican 

to be at a , shintai (jffiig) 

kiicamaru ; ifa-basami no arisama 
de aru. 

l>eadly, a disease, ^e/>y>i/(> (gij 

poison, gekidoku (flj^). 

wound, kytlsho (^^) no 

kidzu ; chimeisho (iSc^l-ffi). 
Dead Sea, Shikai (JEiif)- 


[ 21G ] 


L><»af, a. viiml no toi. 

are you ? (mockingly) mimi 

7ca kazarl-mono ka. 

and dumb person, oshi; 


person, tsumbo. 

to be of one ear, kata- 

tsurnbo de aru. 

to be stone , kara-tsumbo de 


Deafen, t.v. nolmimi ico isuhusu ; 
isHvibo ni s. 

to be ed, v:d]mimi ga tsubure- 

rn ; tsumbo ni nam. 

Deaf-mute, n. oshi; oald. 

Deafness, n. tsumbo. 
Deal, t.Y. (cards) niafcu ; kubani. 
l>eal, iv. (tnwle) shobai (ffiR) s; 
{i>rihiki s. 

easy to with (i.e. keep in 

order.), seishi-yasui. 

to in, icojakinau. 

to with, (in trade) iojlorihiki 

s ; (property, an affair, etc.) shobun 

(&^) s; iori-atsi(kan ; (control) 

]>eal, n. (pine-plank) 7na(su-ita [aji. 
mni (;t5c)] '< ("t cards) ban (®). 

a good , daibu ('AgiO ; yo- 

liodo ; yoppodo. 

a great , takusan (j^Ul) ; 


to make a good (as in 

shares), nmaku ateru ; iimaku 


I>ealer, n. akindo ; (at cards) oya. 

in, expr. by -ya (g), more 

rarely -shd(^), suflSxed to the name 
of the article; as, in fire- 
wood, maki-ya ; in lacquer- 
ware, nwriTnono-ya ; in oil, 

itbura^a ; in piece-goods, 

tammono-ya; retail , kowi- 


honest (as opp. to receiver of 

stolen goods), seigyosha (jE^^)- 
l>ealings, n. (commercial) iorihiki. 
X>ean, n. (of a cathedral) kantoku- 
kyodocho {^'U^^Ml) ; (Budd.) clifi- 
kyosei (t^^iE); (of a faculty) /.-t/o- 
s/ufiho (n^Mi)- 

Dear, a. (beloved) kaicaii ; (ex- 
pen.sive) iakai ; kane no ; koka (^ 

fg) 710. 

to be , )io]«e ga hattc oni. 

to buy , kai-kaburu. 


Dearly, adv. iakaku 
fukaku ; tietsu (^) ni. 
beloved, saiai 

Deariiess, n. kone ; Icoka. 

Dearth, n. fusolcu {7F.JII) ; ketsubG 
(^2) ; (famine) kikhi (fifi). 

Death, n. shi ; s}dnu koto ; ( 
shibo ; (manner of) shini-yo ; (the 
penalty) shikei (JEffJ)- 

8 (from disease), shibosha (JP 


a crime worthy of , shi ni 

atani isumi. 

after , skigo (JESfc); after 

the of A., A. ga shimle 


annivers£iry of Jimmu-Ten- 

no's (April 3), Jimmu-T'-iiuu- 

sai (tiiijiftt^E^)- 

assault resulting in , 'x1j(- 

<hishi (^ffScJE). 

at the point of , riitju (CSI^) 

no magiica ni ; shinigiica ni. 
Black (plague), kokushUjyo 

cause of , shiin (JEH )• 

certificate of , shibo-.shosho 

(JEtrlf^); shibosho. 

penalty, shikei^. 

early , iraknjini. 

instantaneous , sokushi ( ip 


notice of (to Auths.), shilm- 


sudden , ionshi (i|g5E)- 

to be at 's door, shini-giira 

ni nalte oru. 

to beat to , tataki-korosu ; 


to be burned to , yake- 


to be crushed to , asshi 

mm •"■• 

to be sentenced to , shikei 

(?EWJ) '^'^'^ se)i!coku (^-g) sare-ru. 

to boil to , ni-korosu. 

to cause the of , vco/shi ni 


[ 217 ] 


to die an inglorious , inu- 

jini wo s, 

to fear , shi wo itou, or oso- 

re-ru ; inochi ico oshimu. 

to roast to , aburi-korosu. 

to slash to , Jciri-lcorosu. 

to stab to , sashi-korosu. 

to torture to , naburi-goroshi 

ni s ; naburi-korosu. 

to trample to , fumi-korosu. 

until , shinumade. 

violent , henshl (^'^) ; oshi 

Death-roll, n. shiho-hyo (^tag). 

I>eath-\varraiit, n. shikei-shikko 
(?E?f"JMfT) no melrei (^^). 

Debacle, n. gwakai (%M)- 

Debar, t.v. to from, no/mic/ii 

wo tatsu. 

I>ebase, t.v. otosu ; (coin) nojne-uchi 
ICO otosu ; no/kiirai wo otosu ; henzo 
mm) s. [Cr. Co.]. 

Debatable, a question, gi- 

mon (Ufp^). 

Debate, n. toron (Itlro) ; (/iron (^ 
tSa) ; hyogi mm)- 

s (pari. i)roceeclings), g'jl ($j^ 


tot , gekiron {-^t^). r 

l>ebate, t.v. hyogi s ; ronji-ru ; gi s; 

I>ebating-society, n. tdronkwai 


l>ebaiicb, i.v. doraku (^^) s ; Imto 

mm) s. 

l>ebaiicb, t.v. (lead astray) hikidzuri- 
komu ; sosonokasu. 

Debauch, n. (intemperance) hoin 


Debauchee, n. doraku-mono ; hbto- 
nin ; horatsunin (i5C*$A)' 

Debauchery, n. (intemperance and 
lewdness) shushoku (f@^) ; hoto. 

De bene esse, slioko-hozen 
^) no tame. 

Debenture, shasai (jfcgf) [Com. 
Co.] ; (the document) saiken (®^). 

holder, skasaikeashi ($1;® 


Debilitated, a, to be , suijaku 

shite oru. 

Debility, n. tsutcare ; suijaku (]g 

m) ; hin> m^). 

Debit, n. (book-keeping) kari-kata : 

fusai ' 

Deboucll, i.v. expr. by the trans, 
vb. kuri-dasu. 

Debl'is, n. kudzure ; koware ; ha- 

kwaihutsu (^^4^). 
Debt, n. shakkin (fg^) ; shakuzai 
(■©Rt) ; (^i""^^ [Kyoto dial.] ; (ciaim) 
saiken (ffifiS) [Civ. Pro.]. 

s, /w.sai (g^). 

national , kolmsai (HfJ). 

to have s, wa\kari ga aru. 

to run into , shakkin s; 

shakuzai s ; shakkin, or kari, ico 

Debtor, n. (correlative of creditor) 

karite ; kari-nushi ; kari-kata ; sai- 
inusha (flf^#). 

Decade, n.jimenkan (i'^^). 
several s, sujiinen (Jft-f-^). 

Decadence, n. suibi (gS)- 

Decagon, n. jUckaku; jikkakkei {-{• 


Decahedron, n. jumentai (-f'MM')- 
Decalogue, n.jikkai (-f-jfi). 

Decamp, i.v. chikuien (JM^) *•; 
shuppon (1115^) s ; (with stolen gomls) 
mochi-nige s ; (leaving no trace) 
taka-tobi s. 

Decanter, u. tokkuri; bin; sake- 

Decapitate, t.v. nolkubi wo kiru ; 

uchi-kubi ni s. 
Decapitation, n. zanzai {im^^). 

Decay, i.v. kusaru ; fuhai ()S^H!c) s ; 

(of a tree) kuchini ; (of ix)\ver) oto- 

roe-ru ; suibi (^flS) s. 
Decay, n.fuJiai ; suibi. 
Decease, n. shibo. 


[ 218 ] 


Deceased, a. shlnda. 

father, hofu (t^). 

...... friend, hoyu (tlM)- 

persons, shibdsha (^t^)- 

wife, bosai (t^). 

the , shinda Into; shibonin. 

Deceit, n. itsuicari ; uso. 

Deceitful, a. ochaJcu (H^^) na. 

Deceive, t.v. (cheat) damasu ; dama- 
kasu ; (delude) azamuku ; no/me wo 
kuranvisu, or kasume-ru ; (mislead) 

December, n. jimigicatsu (-f^n J^ ) ; 
(lokugeisu (g^ ). 

Decency, n. gyogi (fffll) no tadashii 

Decent, a. (decorous) gyogi no tada- 
shii ; tansei (ijSiE) na ; (moderate but 
competent) sod (ffiffii) )ia. 

Deception, n.damashi ; gomakashi; 

manchaku (ifiW) ; (fraud) sagi (f^©). 
I>ecei>tive, a. (of appearances) mi- 

kake ni yoranu. 

Decide, t, and i.v. kiim-ru ; (a case) 
saihan (^^]) s ; (a controversy) tori- 
sahaku ; (a point of procedure, etc.) 
kettei (^^) s ; (a disputed point) 
handan (^Jfiff) s ; (on one's own 
judgment) dokiidan (^^) s. 

to he d, kimaru , kettei ni 

. naru. 

to ag^ainst (a motion), tco/ 

hiketsu (^^) s. 

to in favour of, ico/knketsu 

(pT^) s. 

to to, koto ni kime-ru, or 

kessuru following vb. , 

to unofllcially, naitei (^S) 


to "upon (in assembly), idoJ 

giketsu (^^) s. 

Decided, a. (certain) shika to shita ; 
(marked) ichijiimshii. 

Decidedly, adv. expr. by ni soi nai 
after the adj. ; (exclam.) Hcanimo ; 
(markedly) icMjirushiku. 

DecidiioiLS, a. mkuyosei (J^^^^jfe.) no. 

Decimal, n. shosil. 

circulating^ , junktoan-shosu 

point, kireiten (^^li) ; jfd- 

ten (-hfeii). 

system, jilshinho (-\"M^) • 

jiishin-ichiiho (i"^— tt^). 

Decipher', t.v. handan (|1J8|) s ; 
hanji-ru ; (as, a cypher telegram ) 

Decision, n. (decisiveness) ketsudau 
(^W); (determination) kesshin (^ 
»t») ; kicadan {^'fg\) ; (judgment) 
saiban (^^1]) ; hanketsii (^]^) ; (on a 
disputed point) Juindnn (fljgft) '■• (rul- 
ing) kettei (^^) ; ketlelsho ({JfiS) ; 
ftantelsho (^J$|f ); [last two, written] ; 
(of an assembly) ketsugi (J^^). 
final (law), shtlkyokideki-sai- 

han mm^mn)- 

Decisive, a. tasJdka na. 

answer, ketto (^^). 

hattle, kessen (^Hc). 

proof, tashika no shoko ; 

kakusho (Ji^) ; -fkakko (Sg^) taru 

Decisively, adv. danzen (glf^) ; 

Decisiveness, n. ketsudau. 

Deck, n. • ; kampan. 

lower , shiia-kampan ; shita- 


'tween s, chu-kampan (ifitp 

;g) ; chu-dekki. 

upper , jo-kampan ( Ji tp^ ) ; 

Declaration, n. (before a judicial 
officer) nioshitate ; nwshitate-gaki 
[\\Tittenl ; chinjidsu (^JE) ,' kyojtdsu 
(fitxfe) I (affidavit) senseisho ; sensei- 
.s/w?neis/*o (^^12 ly}-*) ; (notification) 
fukoku (^-g-) ; (proclamation) sen- 
gen ; sengensho (^W#) [written] ; 
(by person paying taxes, duty, etc.) 
shinkoku (^i^). 

of war, sensen (g^) ; kai- 

sen-kofu (Wm^^)- 
Declare, t.Y. H-tate-ru ; meigen (59 
■3)8; (proclaim) sengen s ; (make 
known) shimesu ; araicasu. | 

d value (of goods), shinkok%i-\ 

kagaku (^"irmM)- 


[ 219 ] 


to itself, araicare-1'u ; (of a 

disease) luitsrihyb (f^^) s. 

to persistently, ii-haru. 

to positively, dangen (8^ 

to war, sensen s. 

Declension, n. (gram.) hataraki ; 
yo^'i (HSM) no henkwa (^fk) ; (dete- 
rioration ) s«t6i (^^). 

Declination, n. hensn ((jg^). 

Decline, t.v. (refuse) kotoicaru ; jl 
{%%) n ; siMzetsu (iStSg) .9 ; jitai d^jfi) 
.V ; also expr. by .shbcfd (7^^) shinai. 

Decline, i.v. (refuse) kotoicari ico iu, 
or s ; kotoicaru ; sluizetsu s ; (deterio- 
rate) ot(/roe-ru ; suihi s ; (of price) 
scirjaru ; geraku (~p^) «. 
power s, i/doi </« usuku naru. 

Declivity, n. (gentle) nadare ; (steep) 

Decoct, t.v. senji-rti. 

Decoction, senjita mono ; (med.) 

senyaku (]|j{^) ", senji-gusuri. 
Decompose, i.v.fuJmi s. 
Decompose, t.v. (chem.) hunkai (^ 

m) •<*. 

DecomiK>sition, n. (juitrefaction) 
fulnd O^tRi) ; (resolution into ele- 
mentary parts) hunkai. 

Decorate, t.v. kazaru. 

to with, , ni wo 

kazaru, or kazfirl-fsuke-ru. 

to be d with (an order), nij 

jo (^) serare-ru. 

Decoration, n. kamri ; kazari- 
mono ; soshoka (^|$) ; (order) kun- 
aho ; (bestowal of an order) jokun 


board of s , shoknnkyoku (^ 


new year's s (at house en- 
trance), kadomatau. 

to have a conferred upon 

one, kiinshd uo sadzukerare-m. 

Decorative, a. kazarl id iiaru ; so- 
shoku no. 

Decorous, a. gybgi (-ffil) no tada- 
shli, or a. 

Decorously, adv. gyogi-tadashiku. 

Decorum, n. reigi (jjgH). 

Decoy, t.v, obiku. 

to in, obiki-komw, dbiki-ire' 


to out, ohiki-dasu. 

Decoy-bird, n. otori. 

Decrease, i.v. hem ; hette kuru ; 
genji-ru ; gensho («ffi^) s. 

Decrease, t.v. herasu. 

Decrease, n. heri ; (amount of) gen- 
increase and , zjogen (^<K). 

Decree, n. (proclamation) fukoku 
(^^) ; Mei (:(S^) ; (law) hard (j£ 
^) ; (Imperial ordinance) ckokurei 
(iJll'%') ; (Chinese Imp. ordinance) joyit 
(-t^) ; (ofaCoxut of law) fceWei (^ 
S) ; meirel (^^). 

Decrepit, a. oiboreta ; rosid sfiita. 
to become , oibore-ru. 

Decrepitude, n. rosui {^^). 

Decry, t.v. kusasu ; kenasu ; soshi- 

)•« ; hinan (^H) s. 
Dedicate, t.v. (to the gods) osame- 

ru ; sO)iae-ru ; ?iom (^1^) s. 
Dedication, n. (of a chxirch) kendo ' 

(the ceremony) kendoshiki (j|l^^jlj). 

De die in diem, renjitsu (jgH )• 
Deduce, t.v. (log.) en-eki {t^M) •*• 

to from, icojofildte 7>it-rn ; 

karajsuisatsu (i^M) f> \ kara/ioari- 
dasu ; karajsuichi (J§^) s. 

l>educt, t.v. hikic ; sashi-hiku ; kojo 

(^^) ••* ; fifenjt-nt. 
Deduction, n. en-eki-ho (jjit^ft). 
Deductive, a. enekiho no. 
Deed, n. skiicaza; koi (^fj®); a"/*oJ 
(^/rJS) ; (writing) shosho (ffi#) ; sko- 
mon ilkX)- 

of transfer, yudzuriritatashi- 


illustrious s, koseki{:^^). 

title , chiken; chikenjo (^# 

ax). , 

words and a, geiM (Wfr ) J 

gengo-dosa (HgiUt^). 


[ 220 ] 


Deem, t.v. (consider) iolmitome-ru ; 
iojniniei (fg^) s ; (r^ard as) tolmi- 

Deep, a.fukai ; (of colour) koi ; (mea- 
suring backwards) tate ; as, 1 foot 

broad by 2 feet , yoko issMku 

id tate nishaku. ; (of the voice, a sigh, 
etc.) futoi ; (abstruse) shin-en (i3?^) 
710 ; (of an atmospheric depression) 
shinko (^U) na. 

deliberation, j»<fcMf/i (^^). 

sleep, j'll.iis-ui (^@). 

sea anii:xials, shinkai-do- 

butsn (m^Wi'i'a)- 

five (of ranks), goretsu (E^J) 


to be in the water (of a 

ship),/afcafcu ashi-ilte oiii ; ica]ashi 
ga haitte oru. 
Deepen, i.v. fukaku s ; (in colour) 

koku s. 
Deepen, i.v. fukaku 7uiru ; koku 

Deep-laid, a. sJiin-en (j^S) '»«• 
Deeply, adv. fukaku. 

to reflect , tsura-tsw-a kan- 


Deepness, n.fukai koto. 

Deer, n. shika. 

musk , jako-neko. 

Deerstalker, n. (cap) ioriuchi-bo ; 

Deface, t.v. suri-tsubusu ; nijkidzu 
ICO tsuke-ru ; (a stamp "with seal) ni/ 
keshiin wo s ; (coin) hemo (fjj^i) s. 

to be d, s^a-i-tsuhin-e-ni ; mn- 

inetsu ((gjjS) s. 

De facto, jijitsvjo (^gJi) no. 

Defalcate, t.v. ts^ikai-koinu. 

Defalcation, n. Mkiol ; txukai- 

Defamation, n. mnso {M^) ; hiki- 

-<ai {mmm. 

Defame, t.v. zanso s; nofmeiyo (^ 
^) wo gai (^) s. 

Default, n. ktcashitsu (jS^) ; oko- 
tari ; kaitai (Wf,^,) [Qv. Pro.]. 

in of , ga nakereha. 

judgment by , kesseki-luin- (XT^M^) [Cr. Pro.]. 

Defaulter, n. kwashitsusha ; kaitai- 
sha ; (one who fails to pay taxes when 
(\ne) funosJia (^Jft#) ; ta'mdsha (j-Jfr 
Jj^^) ; (one who breaks an engage- 
ment) iyakuslui (j^$^^). 

Defeat, n. (mil.) haihoku (Rifl:) ; 
haigun (RJC?) ; (at law) haiso (Rfcif). 

total , zempai (^^Ric) ; so- 


unwillingness to acknow- 
ledge , mike-oshimi. 

Defeat, t.v. makasu ; yahuru ; ku- 

to be ed, make-rn ; (in battle) 

nchimakeru ; hai ico torn ; fiike ico 
torn ; kudzure-ru ; Jiaihoku s ; 
(at an election) rakusen (f$'S) 

to be totally ed, zempai s ; 

■so-kudzure ni nam. 

Defect, n. kldzu ; ketten (:>:Si) ; 
kake ; kakin (^M)- 

has a in his speech, ira] 

shita ga mijikai ; shita-taradzu da. 

Defection, n. (from a party) datto 

Defective, a. kaketa ; fuktcurizen ( ?p 
^^) no ; ketten no aru ; fu-yukl- 
toidoki no ; yuki-todokanu ; (insuffi- 
cient) taH7iai ; (of a set of things) 
sorotte inai. 

verb, keppen-doshi {iX^9)i 


to be , fukwamen, OTfuhide 


Defectiveness, n.fuM (T-^)- 

Defence, n. bogyo (K|*) ; f'ojo (fX 
il); fusegi; .ihubi (^^); keiel (^ 
fg) ; boei (B§®) ; (justification) il- 
wake ; ii-hiraki ; (law) toben (^?^^) ; 
hikoku-be7igo (M^W^$ti- 

s, preparations for , 

hdu mm- 

coast , e«<7a ti-bogyo ( iQ^ g/j^ ). 

counsel for the , (crim.) 

bengoni7i (^^A) ; (civ.) fakoku- 
dainin (S^^fiA). 

national , kokubo (^Pj). 

self , scito-bogyo (JE^P;^^); 

iiei ( I 


[ 221 ] 


Defend, t.v. mamoi^ ; moisu ; hogo s. 

to against, expr. hy fusegu 

[the direct obj. being omitted in. 

Defentlaut, n. Mkokunin {^^A) ; 

Defensive, n. to act on the , 

bogyo no ichi (^^) nl tatnu ; 
(at chess) gote ni nam. 

to stand on the ^ukemini 

ncn'u ; ml-gamae ico s. 

Defensive, a. hogyoteki (Ri^^fl^j)- 
alliance, boshu-domei (PjS'SP 

offensive and alliance, ko- 

sku-domei (i^^^l^S). 

Defer, t.v. (put off) nohasu ; enki (j$ 


to for a time, ichiji {-'^) 


to (as, the discussion of a 

particular question) until after- 
wards, ato-maicashi ni s. 

Defer, i.v. to to, nojryoken (X 

Uj) ni makasern. 

Deference, n. keifuku (^flft). 

Deferential, a. kenson {^M) im. 

Deferentially, adv. kenson ni. 

Defiance, n. idomi. 

in of, 7ii sakaratte ; (notwith- 
standing) icojmono to mo sedzu ni. 
to bid to, ico/idomu. 

Defiant, a. gojo (5ati''f) "« ; goian (gij 

Bll) na. 
Defiantly, adv. gojo ni\ gojo haite; 

gotan ni. 

Deficiency, n.fusoku (:fi£) ; (defi- 
cient amount) /((.foA-u no hun ; (weak 
point) tansho ; (want) ketsidto (^2) ; 

fidtei m&). 

to show a , fidtei tco tsvgeru. 

I>eficient, a.fusoku no. 

in, ni/lohoshii. 

to be , iarinai. 

Deficit, u. fusoku ; fasolcugaku {7fi 
ijiig() ; ketsuho. 

Defilade, n. shahei (iSjK). 

Defile, n. keiiv (S!§). 

Defile, t.v. kegasu. 

to be d, kegare-ru. 

one cannot touch pitch with- 
out being d, shu (^) 7a 

mnjiicareha akaJcu nam.. 

Defilement, n, kegare. 

Define, t.v. (explain) toku ; toki- 
akasu ; (mark out) kime-ru ; sadame 
ni ; shitei (J§S) s ; ittei (-^^) s ; (a 
term) teigi .9. 

to ...... boundaries, snkai wo 


Definite, a. (certain) tashika na ; 
shika to shita ; kakujitsu (I^S) na ; 
(fixed) kimatta ; ittei no ; matomatta ; 
(clear) hanzen (^]^) shita. 

news, kakuho (J^^). 

reply, kakuto (J^^j. 

the article, jo/ara7is/ii (Jg^ 


Definitely, adv. hakkiri ; shika to. 

Definition, a. (of a term) teigi (^ 

gg) ; toki-akashi. 

Definitive, a. (final) kekkyoku (;(^J^) 
no ; saigo (^^) no. 

Definitively, adv. iyo-iyo. 

Deflect, t.v. (a stroke) sake-ru ; yoke- 

ru ; uke-nagasu. 

to be ed, (of a stroke or 

missile) sore-ru ; (of a line) kire- 
ru ; magani. 

Deflection, n. hensa (gj^) ; ''e/iH 

Deform, t.v. nojkatachi ico .wkonc-m. 

Deformed, a.fugu no. 

person, katavca ; fugusha (:^ 

JJ-pg-) ; haishitsusha (^^ifi). 
Deformity, n. haishUsu, 
Defrand, t.v. sagai (f^^) .v. 

to a person of his nghts, 

azamuite hito no kenri (fffip;) iro 
okasu, or skingai (S$) .v. 
Defray, t.v. da.tu ; icakimaern ; (from 

a particular fund) .thihen CiiW) •'»• 
Defy, t.v. (disobey) ni/so?(»(/»;u ; (scorn) 
liesshi ()!iijfift) s ; koto to mo .^hinai ; 
mushi (iffifliJi) •' ; (resist) uijtiiko (^g 
VC) s. 


[ 222 ] 


Degenerate, a. (base) misage- 
hateta ; (deteriorated) suibi (g^) 

Degenerate, i.v. otoroe-ru ; suibi s. 

to into, nijnari-saQaru ; nij 


Degeneration, n, ialkwa (Hfk); 
(med.) hensei (©ft). 

Degradation, n. (disgrace) cMjoku. 

promotion and (of officials), 

chutchoku CSS^). 

Degrade, t.v. (reduce in rank) no/ 
kurai tco sage-ru, ai otosu ; (deprive 
of rank) nojkurai tco tori-age-ru ; nol 
iki (ttlE) wo hakudatsu (flfg) s; 
(deprive of office) menslioku (^BS) s ; 
to be d, shikujini. 

Degraded, a. Jdreisu (^^) na. 

Degree, n. (of measurement) do (jg) ; 

as, 90 8,kiijudo; (fig.) hodo; 

kurai ; as, he siiffers to such a 

that he cannot jKJssibly 

recover, totemo naoranai kurai iii 
kurushinde oru ; (class) to (^) 
(extent) doai (^-g-) ; teido {fim 
(of relationship) shinto (i^,^) 
(academical) gakui (^fic). 

by s, shidai ni; dandan ; oi- 


I am not concerned in the 

slightest , ualaktishi ua 

issetsu (— •©) kwankei ga nai. 

one more, isso [—Jit)- 

to reduce a penalty one , 

itto (— ^) tea genjini. 

to take one's , sotsugyo {^ 


Deify, t.v. kami ni matsuru. 

Deign, i.v. to to, expr. by tamau 

suffixed to the indef. form of a vb. 

Deism, n. shizen-sJihikyd. 

Deist, n. shizen-shinkyo-to (j^f^i^Wc 


Deity, n. Kami ; Shimmei (#5^). 

Dejected, a. to become , 

fusagu ; ica]ki ga fusagu ; utsu- 

uisu s. 

to be ....... fusa Ide oru. 

Dejection, _n, yuutsu (5|S) ; an 
equiv. of Dejected foU. by koto. 

Delay, n. oi-jn (^g|) ; hinobe; yftyo 

a of two days, futsuka iw 


that will cause great , sore 

de ua oki ni en-in ni naru. 

without , cfdtai (M^) "(tku ; 

sassoku (^'^). 

Delay, t.v. (put off) nohasu ; (retard) 
hima-doraseru ; todokorase-ru. 

to be ed, todokoru; (behind 

time) okure-ru ; (as a telegram, in 
transmission) enchaku (3§^) s. 

Delay, i.v. en-in s ; Idmadoru ; tema- 
doru ; chitai s. 

Delegate, t.v. (entrust) makaseru ; 
yudaneru ; inin (3ltt) -^ ; itaku (3^ 


Delegate, n, myodainin (^I^K); 
sodainin (ftf^A) ; (at a conference) 

government (pari.), set/w-ij/v 


Delete, t.v. kedzum ; kesu ; sakvjo 
m^.) s ; massatsu (^®) s. 

Deleterious, a. doku (^) no ; yCigai 
(^#) no ; fii-yojo (TPH^) no. 

Deleteriousness, n. doku no am 
koto; yugai; yudoku. 

Deliberate, a. (intentional) icaza- 
uaza no ', uazato no ; koi (^M) no ; 
(circumspect) ochitsuita ; teicho (gfi 
3!) "O t (maturely considered) ronji- 

Deliberate, i.v. (ponder) yoku 
kangae-ru ; shian (,@,^) s. 

to together, kyogi (^^) s ; 

sodan (tSlfe) s. 

to upon and decide, <ji- 

ketsu (ii^) s ; gitei (^S) s. 

Deliberate, t.v. gi s ; hyogi (ff-|g) 

Deliberately, adv. (intentionally) 
waza to ; koi ni ; (circumspectly) 
ochitsuite ; (without hurrying) ki- 
naga 7ii. 


[ 223 ] 


Deliberation, n. (pondering) shi- 
an ; (circumspection) ielcho ; (tak- 
ing counsel together) kyogi (ISi^) *> 

mature ,jukwji (^^). 

secret s, mitsugi (*^ig). 

I>elicacy, n. (fineness) hlimjo (H 
jli}) ; yuhi (@^) ; (minuteness) 
komakai koto ; (of flavour) olshli 
koto ; (luxury) zeitaku (lt?^) ; (ft 
dainty) umai mono ; kobutsu (jjt^) ; 
chimmi (^^) *, himi (H^) na mo>io. 

all sorts of ies, sai^kai (lil 

1^) ?io chimmi. 

Delicate, a. (of a person's appea- 
rance) kyasha na ; (of food) assari 
fihita ; (of workmanship) chimitsu (igj 
^) na ; (physically) tayoicai ; kyojaku 
(^Sl) na ; kiyowa na. 

a point, nammon (|^^); 

kiicadoi tokoro. 

to be (in health), horyu{'^ 

;^P) no shitsu (^) de aru. 

Delicious, a. kekko (^^) na ; oi- 
shii ; umai. 

DelicioilSly, adv. kekko nj. 
Delict, n. keizai (|S|g). 
Deligllt, t.v, tanoshimase-ru ; yo- 

to be ed, ywokohu ; ureshii. 

I am ed, d^jorokohi da; aa! 

ureshii ; (serves him right) ii kimi 


I sliall be ed to, yorokonde, 

or I kinzen (fff^f^) to shite, with vb. 

Delight, i.v. yorokdbu ; tanoshimu. 
to in, wo/omoshirogaru. 

Deligfht, n. tanoshimi ; yorokdbi ; 
yukicai ('|]^'fcfe:) ; kicanki (^i). 

Delightedly, adv. yorokonde. 

DelighttuI, a. kekko {^^) na; 
omoshiroi ; yorokohashii ; yukwai (^ 
tfe) na. 

that is , sore wa o-yorokohi da. 

Delimitation, n of a 

frontier, kyokai-kwakuiei {^^ 

Delineate, t.v. (draw) utsusvi. 
Delinquency, n. ochido. 
Delinquent, n. toganin. 

Deliquesce, i.v. walshimeri ga 
kuru ; ica]shitori ga kuru. 

Delirious, a. to be , mucha (^ 

ifi) (Ze oi'u; (in speech) wcakoto 
wo iu ; taicakoto ico iu. 

Delirium, n. mcakoto. 

tremens, chushu-ndno ( tp fg 

^t^) ; shukaku-tammo (fS^ai^). 

Deliver, t.v. (rescue) tasuke-ru ; 
sukui-dasu ; (hand over) icatasu ; 
hiki-icatasu ; kofu (^Ift) s ; (a con- 
signment) ire-ru ; hiki-icaiasti ; 
(judgment) ii-icatasu ; (goods at a 
house) todoke-ru ; (an address) nohe- 
ru ; (assist in childbirth) tori-ageru. 

to a message, kotodzuie ico 

s; kojo (P±,) rco tsutae-ru; den- 
uon (^^n) s. 

to a speech, enzetsu (^tft) «• 

to personally, ie-watashi 

s ; jika ni icatasu. 

to be ed (of a woman), san 

wo s ; to be ed of, wojumu. 

Deliverer, n. sukui-nushi ; kyt'ien- 
sha ($5cS#). 

Delivery, n. (handing over) hiki- 

watashi ; kofu ; xike-watashi ; juju 
(tSS) ; ni-watashi[ot goods only] ; 
(postal) haitatsu (fill^) J (from a go- 
down) kura<lashi ; (of a speaker) 
enzetsu-buri ; (parturition) san. 

a difficult , naitzan ({^M). 

an easy , mizan (^H). 

date fixed for , uke-rcatashi- 

hi ; uke-icatashi-ki. 

receipt (for registered letter), 

haitatsu-shomeisho {fUMW^^)- 

g^ods for next month, 

raigetsu-watashi no shinamotio. 

to pay on , shiiia to hiki-kae 

ni kaiijo (gfijg) s. 

to take of, wo/hiki-toru ; no/ 

uke-watashi ico s ; (goods deposited 
in a gotlown) icojkura-dashi s. 

Delta, n. mitsumaia ; katcaguchi no 
sankaku-su (Hftyfl)- 

Delude, t.v. azamuku ; sukasu ; yu- 

waku (^IS) s ; t towaku (K^) .«. 
Deluge, n. kozui. 

the , dai-kozui (;A:i*:^). 


[ 224 ] 


Delusion, n. {state of) mayoi ; 
(error) ryoken-chigai; kokoroe- 
chigai ; (superstitious) meiso (j^J®). 

Delusive, a. •magirawushii ; (unreal) 
ku(^)na; (of appearances) mikake 
m yoranai. 

Delusively, adv. magirawashlku. 

D«'lusiveiiess, n. eqiuv. of Delu- 
sive toll, hy koto. 

Deniautl, n. motome ; selkyil (Sm^) ; 
(more peremptory) ydkyii (^J^) ; 
(for goods) hake-kata ; juyii (n§l|) ; 
hnke-kurld ; muki ; ure-kuchi. 

and supply, juyo-kyokyfi 

it s (requires), ico/yo (5?) *• 

payable on (of a draft), 

ichira)i-harai ( — 5Et^) "0- 

to be in , ua]muki ga ii. 

to make unreasonable s, 

nandai (l^^j®) ico kakeru. 

Deuiaud, t.v. seikyu s ; ybkyu s ; 
sldite motome-ru. 

to payment, harai-kata wro 

saisoku (^\&.) s. 
Demanrt-iiote, n. (for a tax) toku- 
sokujd (^ffi^). 

Deiuarcatiou, n. kicakutei (JH^). 

Demean, t.v. to one's self, 

hige {,^~f) s ; herikudaru. 

Demeanour, n. jmburi ; Jryoshi ($1 

it) ; dosa (iUft). 
Demi-lune, n. hangetsu-hd (^^ 

Demise, n. (of property) iten (^ff ) ; 

(decease of royalty) hogyo (M'M)- 
Demise, t.v. yuigon de yudzuru. 
Demisemiquaver, n. sanjunihu- 

ompu (Hi--^#^). 
Demobilization, n.fukuin ({g^). 

Democracy, n. mvishu-seitai (R± 
i^f4c) ; heimin-sciji (-^PKi^f^) ; min- 
ken-seiji (R^i&f^) ; mlnsei ; (re- 
public) kybwa-seltai (^ifflj*|^). 

Democratic, a party, min- 

seitb (Ki^^). 

principles, miim-shugi (KfS 

Deiuolisb, t.v. uchi-kowasu ; kovca- 
su ; hakicai s. 

ed house (by inundation, 

etc.), tsubure-ya. 

Demolition, n. hakicai (ifiSgl). 

Demon, n. oni ; akuma (M5E) ', *fc^i 

Demonetization, n. tsvyo-haishi 

Demonetize, t.v. nojtsuyb ico hai- 
shi s. 

Demonstrable, a. shoko-daterare- 

Demonstrably, adv. meiryo ni. 
Demonstrate, t.v. (explain) toki- 
akasu; setsumei (^Q^) s ; bemmei 
(^W) * ; (make clear) meihaku (^ 
^)ni s ] meiryo (5^^) ni s. 
Demonstration, n. fthomei (Igqq) ; 
(of armed force) jii-t^mZo (<nS£Sift)- 

to show by practical , 


Demonstrative, a. ...^. adjec- 
tive, shishi-keiyoshi (ti^^^|3). 

pronoun, shishi-dainieish i 


Demonstratively, adv. ari-ari to ; 
arawa ni. 

Demoralization, n. (of manners) 

kvcairan (SiL)- 
Demoralize, t.v. (corrupt morals 

of) nojfugi (JS,^) ico midasu. 
to be d, midare-ru. 

Demur, i.v. igi (^^) wo iu. 

Demure, a. majime no ; (shy) uchiki 

Demurragre, n. taisenhi (j^lSg). 

Den, n. ana ; sokutsu (^H). 

Denationalization, n. kokuseki- 

soshitsu m^M^)- 

Denial, n. uchi-keshi ; hitei (^^). 

Denizened, a i)er8ons, eiju- 

min (^ftK). 

Denmark, n. Bemmakkoku (TJ^ 

Denominate, t.v. tonae-ru ; slio 

m) -'• 


[ 225 ] 


Denoniiiiatioii, n. (name) meisho 
(^fg); tonae; (kind) rid; shurui 
(WM) '< (classification) ndhetsu (^ 
Jjljj ; (religious) shumon (^P5) ; ^yo- 
I'-'i [WlI^) ; slmha. 

Denoiuinator, n, (arith.) humho 

Denote, t.v. sasu ; nolshirushi ni 

Denounce, t.v. (stigmatize) hiwin 
(^It) s; tsuron [^tm) s; (inform 
against) kokxihatsu (i?f-f$) s ; ni/ii- 
kake iro s ; (a treaty) hrdki ()^^) s. 

to one's self (to the judicial 

Anths.), jfis/m (g-g-) s [Cr. Co.]; 

Dense, a. me no tsumatta ; sukbna no 
nai ; (as of a fog) /i(fcai ; (of a forest) 

Densely, adv. mitsu (^) ni ; sukima 
no nai hodo ni. 

Density, n. (degree of) kohak-u ()$. 
M) [lit. thick-thin] ; somitsu (^^) 
[lit. sparse-close] ; (of the atmos- 
lihere) keiju {MM.) [^t- light-heavy]. 

Dent, n. hekomi ; kuhomi. 

I>entist, n. ha-isha ; shikica-i (JS|^ 

De.itistry, n. shikica. 

l>enu<led, a. hill of forests, 


to become , ha(je-rn. 

Deiinnciation, n. (arraignment) 
kokuhatsu ; (of a treaty) haiki 

Deny, t.v. expr. by neg. vb. followed 
by to ill ; (gainsay) ii-kesu ; (refuse) 

to one's self, onore ni katsu ; 

jisei (t^liglj) .s; gaman (^ic^) s ; 
nhimhb (^}fe) s. 

>eodar, u. Jlimaraya-sugi. 

deodorize, t.v. nofshuki (^tfl) tco 


Deodorizer, n. 

shftki-dome ; boshii- 

Depart, i.v. (set off) tafsu ; shuttatsu 
(ffii:)*; shuppatsu (ffl^) s; (with- 
draw) taikyo (il^) s; (for home) 

to from (deviate from), ni/ 

hadzure-ru ; icolsute-ru ; nijtagau ; 

as, to from a rule, A:/.s-o/c)t 

7ii hadzure-ru. 

Department, n. (prefecture) ken 
(M) ; (ministry of state) -sho ; as, the 

Naval , Eaigunsho (vt^^) ; 

(bureau) hu (§]{). 

concerned, .<iono suji. 

sub , kyolm (^) ; ktca (|S)- 

Departmental, a business, 

shomu (^jffi). 

notification, sfujrei {^^). 

Departure, n. shuttatsu ; .s-hxtp- 
patsu ; (of a ship) shuppan ; (from a 
port) shukko ({H^). 

from precedent, rei {^) ni 

tagau koto. 

hours of arrival and (as, 

of trains), hafchaku-jikan (?J^DJ 

Depend, i.v. to on, (be con- 
tingent on) nijyoru ; ni/kwankei 
(MW^) * ; nijkakaicaru ; (confide 
in) ico/afe ni s ; (rely on for sui>- 
port) nijirai (^^) s ; 7u/tanomu ; 
(trust) ni/shin tro ohm ; tcof.shinyo 


that s on circumstances, 

so7'e ica baai ni yoru. 

that s on the amount of 

money (offered or paid), sore ira 
kane shidai de am. 

a person to be ed on, 

tanomoshii hito. 

not to be ed on, (of per- 
sons) fanomoshiku nai ; tayori id 
naranu ; (of things) ate ni naranu. 
Dependency, n. (subject territory) 
zokkoku (SB^) ; ryochi (ggjfli). 

DepeiKlent, n. yakkai ; l^drd ; 
shokkaku C^^). 

Dependent, a. to be on, no/ 

yakkai (/B-fr) ni naru ; wo/tayori 
ni s ; ni/tayoru; ivo/joryoku {Vijj^) 
ni naru. 

Depletion, n. ketsubd (I^Z) ; l>:iibo 


Deplorable, a. kmiaihii ; imgekmca- 
shii ; osJdi ; zannen-shigoku (^iftig 

condition, sanjo (f#)t)t). 

Deplorably, adv. aware ni ; kana- 
shii hodo ni. 

Deplore, t.v. zannen ni omou ; kana- 
shimu ; oshimu ; tansoku ( J)c,S,) s ; 
fjaitan (ftlgc) •^• 

Deploy, i.v. tenkal {^^) s. 

to into skirmishing or- 
der, sampei i^^-) ni hiraku. 

Deponent, n. shdnin (^A); (one 
who testifies in writing) sliomeisha 

Depopulate, t.v. to be ed, »io] 

jinko {\U) ga shometsu (fft'jiS) s. 

Dei>opulatiou, n. jinkd-shdmetsu. 

Deport, t.v. hochiku (jfegg) s ; isuiho 

(ifilft) s ; taikyo (afi^) sase-rn. 
Dei>ortation, n. hochiku ; isuiho. 
I>eportinent, n. mimochi ; gyogi 

(fril); saho ((^^); /im/co (n'itr); 

furuimi; gyojo {^^). 
I>epose, i.v. moshi-tate-ru ; shogen 
(i5W) *; kyojutsu (ftifi) s; chinr 
juisu (^56) s ; shoko-date-ru. 

Dei>ose, t.v. Jiai s ; hairitsu {IRjL) s ; 
no/kurai ico otosu. 
a d Sovereign, haitei (Ig'^). 

DeiK)Sit, t.v. (for safe-keeping) ndz^l- 
ke-int ; (with the Aiiths.) kyotalcu {^ 
Ht) s [Com. Co., Civ. Pro.] ; (an object 
in a certain place) oku ; sue-ru. 

Deposit, n. (thing deposited) adzu- 
kari-mono ; (in pawn) shichimotsu 
(K4^) ; (bargain-money) tedzuke ; 
uchikin ; (in Court or with the 
Aiaths.) kyotaku ; kyotakukin (15t|^ 
^) ; (as security) tsumikin ; (of 
goods at a warehouse) kitaku (^f£) 
[Civ. Co., Com. Co.] ; (sediment) 
odomi ; chindernbutsu (•^JjJ4l3)- 

at call, tsuchi-adzukari (^^ 


bureau, yokinkyoku (^^ 

[ 226 ] DEP 

receipt, adzukari-shosho. 

fixed , ieiki-adzukari ; ieiki- 



office, kyotakujo {^ttBi) 
[Civ. Co.]. 

Depositary, n. hokicamha 
m) [Civ. Co.]. 

Dei>osition, n. (of a witness) shogen 
(»SW); kyojutsu; {written) chinjuisti- 
sho (Widt)', kyojutsusho (gt^it^) ; 
(taken by procurator or iDolice) kiki- 
tori-gaki; (taken by ji\(lge)jhnmon- 
chbsho (P,Ip1P3#) [Cr. Pro.] ; kokyu- 
chosho (Pliks^^); (of Sovereign) 
Imiritsu (^j/1) ; (from office) men- 
shoku [fiMCl- 

Depositor, n. (at a bank) adzuke- 
nush i ; adzuke-nin ; (of goods at a 
warehoiise, etc.) kitakushn (^st^) 
[Civ. Co., Com. Co.]. 

Depository, n. okiha. 

Depot, n. chozdjo if^^fft) ; okiha , 
mono-okiba ; (railway station) teisha- 
jo ; (mil.) hon-ei (pjc^). 

coal (coaling station), chotan- 

jo (Ifr^^f)- 

ship (for torpedo-boats), 

hokaa (nm)- 

remount , sJamhashd (^\^j 


Depraved, a. gehita ; iynsh'd ; gesn- 
hatia ; hiretsu lui. 

Depravity, n. ja.s7i("/i, (JfRitO; j»- 
kyoku mm-' f^'^rets-a (i>f.'^J); (of 
public morals) akufu (^^). 

Deprecate, t.v.icalfudui (Tpls];!;) de 
aru ; icojhinan (^|^) s. 
to (another's) anger, kamhen 

Depreciate, t.v. (lower in value) 
nojalai wo sage-ru ; (coin) nojkural 
too sage-ru ; (speak ill of) kusasu ; 
kenasu ; (despise) keilets't ($1^) s ; 
sagesumu ; mi-sage-ru. 

Depreciate, i.v. no]atai ga sagaru ; 
geraku s. 

Depreciation, n. geraku {yfU)- 
Depress, t.v. (lower) sage-ru. 

ed (in mind), kinoomoi. 

to be ed, ica]ki ga onioku 

naru ; ica^ki ga fusaide oru ; (of 
trade) fukeiki (:^^M.) ('e aru ; 
fushin (:^|g) de aru. 


[ 227 ] 


Depressing", a. (of the weather) 


J>epressioii, n, (dent) kubomi ; (of 
trade) fukeiki ', (morbid) yilutsubyo 
('S'ffl^#1) ; (atmospheric) teikiatsu (t£ 

area of , teikiatsu no kuiki 

Deprive, t.v. to of, ico/uhau ; 

wojubai-ioru ; (of rights, honours, 
etc.) wojluxkudatsu (M$) ^• 
to be d of, wo/ubaicare-ru. 

Depth, n. fukasa ; senshin O^) 
[lit. shallow-deep] ; (of a plot of 
ground) okn-yuki. 

s, (recesses, as of a forest) oku 

{%) ; (fig.)/»c/a ; as, s of dis- 
appointment, shitsubo (:5cS) no 

Deputation, n. sodainin (Mf^A); 

iin (3|fl). 
Depute, t.v. m?/o(Zai (:gf^) ni okuru, 

or tate-ru ; itaku (31^) ^ [nl of the 


Deputy, n. dainin (f^A) ; myodai; 

(in combination with name of office) 

dairi- (f^^)- 
Derail, t.v. dassen 
to be ed, dassen 

Derangre, t.v. midasu ; no/jun Oljg) 
wo midasu ; chirakas'a ; konzatsu 

a d person, ranshimmono. 

to be d, midare-ru; konzatsu 

s ; (mentally) wa]ki ga kurxdte 

oru ; Ka]ki ga chigatte oru. 

Derang-enient, n. konzatsu {jSM) 5 

(mental) ranshin (WiW) l seishin- 

sakuran (fei/liji^lt-IL) [Cr. Co.]. 

Derelict, n. (ship) nori-sxdeia fune ; 

hyoryiisen {^f^^) ; haisen ()^I3). 
Dereliction, n. okolari ; kaUai (^ 

Deride, t.v. chord (i(|?#) .s- ; aza- 
icarau ; esera-icarai s ; guro (,§.^) s ; 
naburi-mono ni s. 

Derision, n. choro ; esera-toarai. 

subject of , warai-gusa. 

to incur , icarawareru. 

Derivation, n. de-dokoro ; kigen (© 
i^); kongen(^yt)- 

Derive, t.v. (receive) morau ; eru ; 
(acquire) shutoku (Slf#) s. 

s its validity from, niyottef 

koryoku (^jj:ft) ico .thqji-ru (^). 
to be d, de-ru; (be trans- 
mitted) tsidawaru. 

to one's food-supply from 

abroad, shokuryohin (-M^m) wo 
gwaikoku (^M9) ni aogu. 

Dermis, n. shimpi (S^)- 

Derogate, i.v. to from, wo/ 

sonji-ru (J^). 

Descend, i.v. (go down) kudaru ; 
(subside) sagai'U ; (get down) ori-ru ; 
(by transmission) tsutavxiru. 

Descend, t.v. kudaru. 

Descendant, n. sMson (^^J. 

lineal , chokkei-hizoku (yi[^ 

Descent, n. (lineage) ie-garn ; siijo 
(M&) ; ie-suji ; (blood) keito (lfi.#) ; 
chi-suji ; (genealogy) keidzu (^Pj) ; 
(of Christ or the Holy Spirit) kbrin 
(P$E§) ; (dechvity) kudari ; saka ; 
(act of descending) kudari ; (of a 
mountain) gesan (~pUl); (attack) 
slmgeki (W^). 

a person of high , moj«^ 

batsnka mMm- 

Describe, t.v. nojivxire, or yosu, tea 
iu ; (in writing) no/iicare wo kaku. 
are d, Icaite aru. 

Description, n. (account of) iware ; 
JuDuishi ; (entimeration of particulars) 
hyoji (^^) [Civ. Pro.] ; (explanation) 
setsumei (UW I (kind) rui (*fi) ; 
tagui ; (of gootLs) kuchi ; /e ; (a note 
appended) kiji (gE^) ;,(ot * Person's 
appearance) nhiso ; nhisogaki (Affl 
-^) [written]. 

beg-gars , wa]meijo (^IJc) 

ga dekinai. 

Descry, t.v. mi-tsuke-ru ; mi-idasu. 

Desecrate, t.v. kegasu ; nolshinsci 
(I^S) w'" midasH. 

Desecration, n. kegashi. 


[ 228 ] 


Desert, n. (sandy region) sdbaku (§Js 
t^) ; su7iabara ; stinappara. 

I>esert, t.T. okizari ni s ; iki (ig^.) s. 

Desert, i.v. kake-ochi s; da.iso (j^ 
^) s ; tobo (^t) s ; ioso (jft^) s ; 
(from a ship) dassen {WIS) « J (from 
a war-ship) dakkan (WS.) s ; (from 
the army) datsuei (Ki^) s. 

Deserter, n. (fugitive) dassonin ; 
tobosha ; iososha ; (from a ship) das- 
ftennm ; dassensha ; (from a war-ship) 
dakkantJia ; (mil.) datsueihei ; dasso- 

Desertion, n. dasso ; (from a ship) 
dassen ; (of a soldier) dals\iel ; (as of 
a wife by her husband) iki (585^) 
[Civ. Co.]. 

Deserts, n. (that wliich is merited) 
expr. by soto (tB®) no foU. by some 
eqiiiv. of Recompense, Punish- 
ment, etc. ; (meritorious acts) koseki 


above one's , Jcwabun (ifi^) 


Deserve, t.v. he s a beating, 

are ico buite mo ii. 

he s a reward, lidbi 2co yam 

heki man da. 

he s 10 years penal servi- 
tude, chbeki jnnen no neuchi ga 

the punishment he s, soto 

no batsii. 

Deserving, a of, ni soto sum. 

a crime of death, shi (jfE) ni 

ataru tsximi. 

a person of praise, homxi- 

heki hito. 

Desig'n, n. (pattern) moyo (<$^) ; 
(model) hinagaia ; (artistic) isho (j^. 
BE) ; (drawing) edzu ; (preliminary 
sketch) shita-e ; (scheme) kufii (X 
^) ; keikvcaku (ff^) ; kuwadate ; 
keiei (1^^) ; sandan (IJ^); (inten- 
tion) inokuromi ; (plan for an engi- 
neering work, etc.) sekkei (aStf). 

s (in a bad sense), yasliin (gp 


a hat of new , shingata-boshi. 

to form a , mokitromi wo 


to form the of, expr. by 

future foil, by to kutcudaie-ru. 
Design, t.v. (a drawing) hiku ; 
(scheme) kuvxidaie-ru ; keikwaku s ; 
mokuromu ; nojsekkei uo s. 

Designate, t.v. (indicate) shimesu ; 
shitei (ta^) ^ I (indicate for a post) 
ni/naitei (j^S) s [before appt. is 
actually gazetted]. 

Designation, n. shitei ; fiyoji (Ig:^-;) 
[Civ. Pro.] ; (name) meisho (^flf)- 

Designedly, adv. vcaza-icaza ; waza- 
to ; kotosara ni ; koi (^M) ni. 

Designing, a. kosui ; kokaisu (J^ 
J^) na ; yashin no am ; inken (^|^) 

person, kembbka (tglK^). 

Desirable, a. nozomashii ; hoshii. 

Desire, n. nozomi ; kibb (4S"S) '■> (ft)r 
food, life, etc.) yokii (i^) ; (in bad 
sense) yokushin (S?*t^) ! (prayer) 

cherished , shukubo ( ^g ) ; 

hongican (^ISi); hommo (:^^). 

Desire, t.v. no207>jJx ; kibo s; hoshi- 
garu ; (followed by an infinitive) 
exfir. by -tai suffixed to indef. form 
of the vb. 

I d to, -tai to omotta. 

not as much as one could 
, omou yd ni with neg. vb. 

Desired, a. omowashii. 

Desist, i.v. yamu. 

to from, xjco/yame-ru ; tcoj 

yosu ; tco/yoshi ni s. 

Desk, n, (table) tsukv.e ; sJiodai (U 
^) ; (box) bunJco (X®). 

Desolate, t.v. arasu ; are-ckx ni s. 

Desolate, a. samishii ; sekiryo (5g 
^) na ; (forlorn, of persons) kokoro- 
bosoi ; (abandoned, of persons) tayor' 
no nai. 

De.sOlation, n. kicdhai (%Jg). 

Despair, n. omoi-kiri ; zeisubo ; ak '.- 


[ 229 ] 


Despair, i.v. omoi-kiru ; ica^nozomi 
(ja tsulci-hate-ru ; zetsuho (^M) ^ > 
kakugo (^1^) s ; saji ico nage-ru 

Despatch, n. (letter) shokan (^^) ; 
shomen (#ffi). 

circular , kwaibun ([SIX); 

kwaislib ([Bl-^)- 

of troops, shuppei (ffl:&). 

hour of (of mail), sasldtate- 

Despatch, t.v. (send) okuru ; dasu'; 
yaru ; okuri-dasu ; (as a letter) sasfd- 
iate-ru ; sashi<lasu ; (as goods) fiasso 
(f^ji2|) s ; (for a particular duty, as 
officials, ships, troops, etc.) Mken (M 
jg) s ; (arrange) sumasu ; hakadorase- 
ru ; no/racM too ake-ru ; (kill) uchi- 

to troops, shuppei s ; Iiei wo 

Despatch-boat, n. hochikan {^jSi 


Despatch-box, n. bunko (XS)- 
Desperate, a. (reckless) muyami na \ 
rmdeppo na ; (causing despair) zettai- 
zetsumei (Sg|t:@^) no; hisshi (>j^^ 
^) no. 

to become , (of a person) 

inochi-gake ni nam ; (reckless from 
desperation) yake wo okosu. 

to make a eflFort, chikara- 

ippai ni, or is-sho-kemmei ( — itli®|p^) 
ni, hataraku. 

I>esperately, adv. issho-kemmei ni ; 
muyami ni ; inochi-gake ni ivatie ; 
hisshi to natte. 

Desperation, n. Jdsshi ; shiaimono- 

Despicable, a. iyashii ; hiretsu {Sf. 
5^) na ; misage-ltateta. 

I>espise, t.v. mi-kudasu ; sagesumu ; 
sage<ihimu; mi-sage-ru; keibetsu (^ 
yH) s; hesshi (^ifig) s ; iyashime-ru ; 
(make too light of) anadoru ; karuku 

l)esi>ite, prep, ni kakawaradzu. 

l>espoil, t.v. kasume-ru. 

to of, kasume-toni [with mo 

after the thing, ni after the person] ; 
ryudatsu (fS^) s. 

Despoliation, n. ryddatsu. 

Despond, i.v. chikara wo otosu ; ica] 
ki-ochi ga s. 

Despondency, n. ki-ochi ; rakutan 
(^S@) ; (disease) yuutsuhyb (®^^) ; 
kiid.suhyo (UMM)- 

Despondent, a. genki (tc^) no uai, 

to be , tds^i-idsu to shite oru; 

hoito shite oru. 

Despondently, adv. getiki imku ; 
utsu-utsu to shite ; hbtto shite. 

Desi>Ot, n, sensei-kunshu ($SlJS'±). 

Desi>otic, a. sensei no ; (arbitrary) 
sendan (^fifj) no. 

Despotically, adv. seivdan ni. 

Despotism, n.- (autocracy) kur.shu- 
sensei (n^^!^^). 

Dessert, n. midzugwashi [ht., frtiit] ; 
hikimono [generally applied to food a 
guest takes away with him]. 

Destination, n. iku-saki ; moku- 
tekichi ( g 6^J|) ; (of a thing) todoke- 
saki ; (of goods) okuri-saki. 

port of , tbtatsukb (SJ^}^) 

[Com. Co.]. 

Destine, t.v. to for, ni sadame- 

ru ; ni yotei (^^) s. 

Destiny, n. temmei (^^) ; (fate) tm ; 
ummei (j^^) ; (future fortune) iku- 

Destitute, a. (totally lacking) ikko 
nai ; (poor) fdnkyu (ft|?) na ; mushi- 
ryoku (fet^;^) na. 

to become , reiraku C^f^) s. 

to be of shame, luiji ico 


Destitution, n. Jdnkon (ftB). 
Destroy, t.v. (an enemy) horobosu ; 

metsubo s ; (a thing) koioasu ; tsubusu ; 

liakvMi .9 ; naku s ; (as vermin, pests, 

etc.) kujo s ; kuchiku s ; (by fire) 

to be ed, hordbi-ru. 

Destruction, n. metsubo (jjfit) ; 
hnkicai (^f$i) ', (extirpation) kujo (S 
1^) ; kuchiku (BBgg). 


[ 230 ] 


Destructive, a. gai ico sinii ; yfigai 
(^'^) no; (as opp. to constructive) 
hakicai-teki (no) ; shokyoku-teJci (jj^'S 


Desultory, a fighting, ko- 


talk, mtftuica {VkWl- 

in a manner, junjo (HH^) 

naku ; chibi-chibi ; to "work at a 

numiser of things in a 

manner, hobo (;;)&«) kui-chira- 

Detacb, t.v. (things) hadzusu ; (per- 
sons) hanasu ; (for duty) haken (JR 
5g) s ; hasshutsu (Sffi) * 5 (for duty 
at a particular spot) e shutcfio (|H5M) 
sase-ini ; (as a car from a train) kaifio 

mm .">•. 

to be ed, hadzure-ru; Imivare- 


to troops, hex wo tcake-ru ; 

hei tco bunken (^S) s. 

Detachable, a. tori-liadzushi no 

Detached, a building, fiana- 


force, shilai (ft@!c). 

palace, likiju (M.'^)- 

Detachment, n. hunkentai (^31 
^) ; buniai ; shitai. 

Detail, n. komakai iokoro. 

s, kutcashii koto ; isai (3I$H) ; 

ktitcashii iokaro. 

in , shbsai (fifiH) ni ; komaka 

ni ; chikuiehi (i^— ) ; (one by one) 

ichlAchi (—-*). 

to go into s, sJiosai nitcataru. 

Detail, t.v. ichi-icJii nobe-ru ; (in writ- 
ing) komaka ni kaku ; rekkyo (^] 

^) s ; shdki (^lE) s. 
Detaile<l, a. k-incashii ; komakai. 

report, shoho (p^). 

rules, saisoku (ifflSU). 

Detain, t.v. tome-ru ; sashi-tome-ru ; 
iodome-ru ; (in custody) tome-oku ; 
ryilchi (fgg) s ; osae-i-u ; koryu (|^ 

Detect, t.v. yni-isukeru; mi-idasu. 

easily to be ed, kandzukare- 


to be ed (as of a crime), ara- 

icareni ; hakkaku (^S) s ; roken 

(MM) s. 
Detection, n. Jiakkaku ; (act of 
detecting) hakken (S^). 

Detective, n. iantei (^(g) ; keiji- 
junsa (M9-i^W ; [under the Toku- 
gawa regime the following terms, 
now obsolete, were in use : okappiki ; 
ommitsu (^^) ; hasshft (AjNi)]- 
■ plain-clothes , mikko-junsn 

Detention, n. eqixiv. of Detain 
foU. by koto ; (of a ship) teisen ( ^ 
t5) ; (imprisonment, not exceeding 
10 days) koryu [Cr. Co.] ; (by police; 

expenses of (of seaman de- 
serter), ryuchihi (QSg). 

house of , kdryOjo (ISjgF/f) 

[Cr. Co.] ; (before trial) viiketmkan 

warrant of , koryvjb ( J&gK) 

[Cr. Pro.]. 

Deter, t.v. tome-ru ; samatage-ru. 

to be red by — from doing, 

— tco osorele shinai. 

Deteriorate, i.v. icaruku nam ; 
ochiru ; (decline in prosperity) otoro- 
e-1'u ; suibi s. 

Deterioration, n. waruku nam 
koto ; (in prosperity) otoroe ; suibi 

Determination, n. (act of deci- 
sion) keitel (^S) ; ketsudan (^gf) ! 
ketsvjo (jfci^) ; (resoluteness) kess/dn 
iVi't') ; k>;tsiidan. 

of blood to the head, noho- 

se ; fjynkujb (iji J:). 

to suffer from of blood to 

the head, nobose-ru. 

Determine, t. and i.v. kimeru ; 
sadameru ; kettei s ; kets^idan s ; (fix) 
kakufei (S^S) .f ; (designate) sada- 
me-i~u ; skitei (tSJE) s ; (ascertain by 
measurement, etc.) hakaru ; (cease, 
as a right) shometsu (i^jjS) s ; (make 
up one's mind) i (^.) iro kesfruru. 

to be d to, no/ikigomi ga aru. 

to be d not to be beaten, 

makenai ki ni natie oru. t 

to to, koto ni kime-i-u, or kes- j 

sum, following vb. 


[ 231 ] 


Deterinined, a. (resolute) kcsshin 
no tsuyoi ; omoi-kiri no yoi. 

in a manner, dojiko (glf-^) 

to shite ; danzen (^ff*^). 

Detest, t.v. nikumu ; goku kirau ; 
imi-kirau ; kcn-o (Jj^^;) s ; <joku iya 
ni omou. 

Detestable, a. nikui ; nikurashii. 

Detestablj', adv. nikurashii hodo ; 
iya ni. 

I>etestation, n. (loathing) equiv. of 
Detest foil, by koto ; (object of) 

Dethrone, t.v. kurai kara otosu ; 
hairitsu .<?. 
d Emperor, haitei ()g^). 

Dethronement, n. hairitsu (JgS;) ; 
haii ()gfe). 

Detonating: tube, qekihatsu-shin- 
kican m^diU'W). 

Detonation, n. bakusei (j!^^). 

Detonator, n. raikican (^^) ; 
kican ; hakuhatsu-kwan (j^M^)- 

Detour, n. mawari-micM. 

to make a , mawatte iku; 

ukimi (iJiBl) s. 

Detract from, i.v. (depreciate) 

kenasu ; kusasu ; (vilify) soshiru ; 
himn (ItH) s. 
to the value of, yio/neuchi 

UO of OS 11. 

Detriment, n. sonqai (tftH) ; som- 

md (M-t:-). 

Detrimental, a. tjui ni naru ; son 
ni naru ; yfigai (^^) no. 

Deuteronomy, n. shimmeiki {^^ 

Dcutzia, n. u-no-hana ; utsufji. 

Deva, n. the two , Mo(mL). 

the four , Shilenno (ra?c£)- 

l>evastate, t.v. arasu. 

d district (by floods), suigai- 

rhi (7K^flfi) ; hifjaichi (gS#%). " 

to be d (of land, as by an 

erui)tion), kicohai (j^®) ni naru. 

Devastation, n. (state of) kicoho.i. 

Develope, t.v. hiraku ; sakan ni s ; 
(disclose) araicasu ; uchi-ake-ru ; (ex- 
ploit) kaihatsu (^^^) s ; (photo.) <jen- 

zo im.-^) s. 

to symptoms of brain con- 
gestion, no-juketsu-sho (flS^lfiLal) 
ICO hassuru (^). 

Develope, i.v. hirake-ru ; sakan ni 
naru ; (of growth) Imtsuiku (|^W) * '■> 
(progress) hattatsu (^^) •* ; (of the 
intelligence) ica]chie ga tsuku ; (of 
disease) hassei (^±) s. 

Developer, n. (photo.) gemo-gusuri. 

Development, n. (growth) hatsu- 
iku ; (progress) hattatsu ; (of a coun- 
try's resources) kaihatsu (^S) ! (®'^" 

pansion) kwakucho (J^5M) J «■«_. 

of the navy, kaigun-kwakucho. 

s (of a situation), ienkai (g^ 

m) ; flatten (Mil)- 

theory, shinkwaron (Mittm) 

Deviate, i.v. Imdzure-ru. 

to from, nijJiadzure-ru. 

Deviation, n. (of a ship) fcoro (^^) 

no henko (@K) [Com. Co.]. 
Device, n. (stratagem) hakarigoto ; 

keiryaku (ffS-) J sakuryaku (^BJ) ; 

hoben ; (contrivance) shikumi ; shi- 

kake ; kufa ; (pattern) moyo (^i^) ; 

(for raising funds) sandan (^S) ; 

kumen (XS). 
new , shin-kufa (^X^). 

Devil, n. oni ; akuma (^>5E) > <^f^J<^''' 

Devious, a. maxjcari-dbi. 
Devise, t.v. kangae-dasu ; mokuromn; 
hakaru ; kufu s ; (by wUl) yuigon (jg 
■§■) de yudzuru. 

to a means of, no/michiwo 

koji-ru (|g). 

to a scheme, Icufu wo megu- 


Devoid, a. no/nai ; as, of pity, 

nasake no nai. 

Devolution, n. (of property) ierden 
(©*); «e»(^f|). 

Devolve upon, i.v. nijki (%) s, 
nijkakaru ; ni/ochite kuru. 


[ 232 ] 


Devolve, t.v. makase-ru ; yudane-ru. 

I>ovote, i.v. (to the gods) Jiono (^^) 
.v ; (to apnrpose) ate-hameru. 

he is a d adherent of the 

Nichiren sect, kori-katamari Jio 
hokke (^^) da. 

to be d to, ni/nesshin (f^.C*) 

.s ; ju/mi wo ire-ru ; ni/koru ; mjfuke- 

ru [gen. in bad sense] ; he is d 

to study, gakumon ni mi wo ireru. 

to one's self to, icolisshin 

(^jt>) ni yam. 

to one's self entirely to, 

icolmoppara ni s. 

Devotee, n. shi»jn (fa^) ; (pUgrim) 
ify^Va (ff #). 

Devotion, n. (to a person or study) 
shfishin (fliCO ; (religious) shinjin (^ 
.t») ; keiketishin (^^tt'')- 

Devour, t.v. kurau ; gat.9u-<jatsu ta- 
heru ; (eat completely) kutte .'shimau. 

Devout, a. shinjin-bukai. 

Devoutly, adv. shinjin-bukaku. 

Devoiltness, n. shinjin-bukai koto, 

D<'\v, n. fsuyu. 

evening , yo4suyu. 

morning , asa-tsuyu. 

the falls, tsuyu ga ori-ni, or 


Dewlap, a. fatt-niku. 

Dexterity, a. tebayai koto ; iakumi. 

Dexterous, a. (of hand) jodzu (±.^) 
lui ; tebayai ; ude no shikkari shita ; 
teghca no kirei (^K) na ; komyo (^ 
ii') na ; (lit. and fig.) kiyo na. 

l>e\terously, adv. iakumi ni ; jodzu 
ui ; kiyo ni. 

Diabetes, n. tonyobyo (IgfK;^) ; 

mitswiyo (^gc)- 
Diacritical mark, hatsuompu (g 

Diaguose, t.v. mitate-ru. 

to as, to/ mitate-ru ; tolshindan 

Diagnosis, n. shindan ; mitate ; 
sai.iubyd (|^^) ; shinsatsu \^M)- 
. a -wrong , mitate-chigai. 

Diagonal, a. taikakiisen 

.'^ha.s-en (^^t^). 

inarch, sMko {^^). 

Diagonally, adv. naname ni ; hasu 
ni ; hasukake ni ; kesagake ni [chiefly 
of a sword-cut]. 

to march , shako s. 

Diagram, n. dzu (U) ; (design of an ? 
article to be made) hinagata. 

to dra^w a , dzu wo hiku; 

katachi ico kaku. 

Dialect, n. kuni-kotoba ; hogen (^ 
■^) ; (brogue) namari. 

Dialogue, n. mondo (BJ^) ', taiica 
(SIS) ; (on the stage) serifu. 

Dial-plate, n. moji-ita. 

Diameter, n. sashi-icainshi ; chokkei 


Diametrically, adv op- 
posite, sei-hantai {SM) no. 

Diamond, n. * ; kongoseki {^M^) l 
(card) yakko. 
shape, hishi-gata. 

Diapason, n. ichikotsu (— S). 
DiaiK'r, n. (breech-cloth) o-.<)hime; 

shime.ihi ; (pattern) jimon {fbtSD- 
Diaphoretic, n. hakkatuni (gff 


Diaphragm, n. okakumaku (^H 


Diarrlio'a, n. geri (ff^). 

to suffer from , rcnihara ga 

kudarn ; geri s. 

Diary, n. nikki. 

pocket , kicaichu-nikki (^fp 

DiatliesLs, n. soin (s^H). 
Diatribe, n. gekiron (^|fe) ; tstiron 
(?Sfw)- j j 

Dibs, n. (game) te-dama. j \ 

Dice, n. sai. j i 

a throw of the , m«. || 

cogged , ikasama no sai. \ > 

box, sai-dzutsu. 

to throw the , sai wofuru. 

Dicentra spectabilis, kemaixsdl 


[ 233 ] 


I>ictate, i.v. to to, nilsashidzu 

ICO s ; nijshiki (tai?) ^^o s. 

Dictate, i.v.kaki-toraseru; kuchide 
itte kakase-ru. 

Dictate, n. sashidm ; shido (ta^)- 

Dictation, n. (ordering) sashidzu. 

at the of, 7io sashidzu ico 


to take down from , kaki- 


to write from , kaki-tori ico 


writing from , kaUi-lori. 

Dictator, n. dokusai-shitkensha (Jg 

Dictatorial, «■■ sash'vhu-ijnmashli ; 
b5j<dcu-byjhi (^y,'*SA) na. 

Dictatorially, adv. hojaku-hnjin ni. 

Diction, n. kucho {^^). 

Dictionary, n. jiUki ; jisho (^'-^) ; 
jiten (^^) ; jii (^3^) ; [the latter two 
words chiefly in the titles of works ; 
as, koki-jiten [J§)K^A.] ; gyoktthen 
dl^) [of Chin, characters only] ; (of 
words arranged aco. to the iroha) 
biographical , jimmei-jisJio 

pocket , kicaichu-jiblki (1^tf 

if:3l) ; shuchin-jishoi^^z^). 

to look out a word in a , 

jihikl de koloha ico hiku ; jlhiki too 

Dictum, n. kakuijea (^W- 
Di<lactic, a. (conveying moral in- 
struction) kyokunteki (ftDlKJ^J) no. 

to be , monoshiri-buru. 

Die, u. (one of a pair of (lice) sai ; 
(for coins) kata- 

Die, i.v. shinu ; wtku nam ; shibo ( JE 
"t) .s ; bossuru (i2) ; shikyo (JEjfc) s ; 
seikyo (^fiafe) •*•" ; -ihi s ; haie-ru ; ai- 
htte-ni ; ic(i]iki fja taeru ; ojo (^ife.) 
s ; (ix)lite temis) o kakure ni nam ; 
chosei (^^) s ; (of royalty) hor/yo 
(Iwffil) •">' ; kakure ni naru ; (of u 
piiiice, noble, or high official) kokyn 
(ilife) s; (of a imest of high posi- 

tion) .v6/i;/e (^fk) s; (of cattle) tac- 
rp.-ru ; helnhl (^?h) •*•• ; (of a tree or 
plant) kavp-ru. 

to all but , .shiiu-sokonau. 

to by violence, henshi (^ 

to in battle, sfnshi (165E; 

s- ; ■xrht-jini s. 

to of, del-shinii ; to of 

disease, byositi (f^^) « ; to 

of love, koijare-jlni wo s ; to 

of starvation, ue-jini s ; gashi 

to out, shini-tae-ra ; (as of an 

ejiidemic) sftometsu (fiVt®) •*• 
to let before one's very- 
eyes (l)eing jjowerless to heli>), 
mi-goroshi ni s. 

Diervilla jai>onica, hakone-ids i- 

Dies non, heildbi (P!fl5C0). 
Diet, n. (food) shokiimot s-u ('^!fy) ; 
shokiiji (^^). 

Diet, t.v. to one's self, dok:i- 

d/de tco s. 

Diet, n. (pari.) gikicai (^#) ; kok- 
kicni (^#) ; (meeting) k'caigi {% 

closing of the , (jikicai-fui- 

opening of the , 'likirni-kai- 

proceedings in the , <f'ji 


Difter, i.v. (from, to) chigau ; (in 
opinion) xcaycangae, or sdsu (J^), ija 
chigau ; fndoi (^[^."S) f?e aru. 

i from you, go ddi ga dcki- 


Differ«'iice, n. (between two prices) 
saya ; hiraki ; (variation) rhifjai ; 
soi mm ; ••^a-i (US) : snbetsu (|& 
glj) ; (mark of distinction) knbitsu (|S 
an) ; (dispute) giron (2&sA) ; amsoi ; 
sovou (^Im) ; (in niouey, between 
two snms) sagaku (|g®) [Com. Co.] ; 
(deficiency due) fasoku {'^hi.) , 
(balance over) amari; nokori; (arith.) 

s, (dissimilarities) rhigaita 

iokoro ; ido (^|5|) ; (disputes) /khsJ 


[ 234 ] DIG 

according to the of 

amount, di-sukunai, or tasho (^ 

^), ?u yotte. 

all the in the world, tenchi 

(5€Jft) no chiga'i ; shojo (#3|) no 

sa ; w«c?ei (gj^) ?iO cliigal. 

of opinion, iron (^fw) ; 

/«rifot (::t^|^1;). 

there is no great , taishita 

chitjai ica na'i. 

to estimate the of height, 

length, depth, between, noj 

hotel (^^), chotan [^^), fhinsen 

(v?S3l), 'fo 'tdkaru. 
DiftY'reiit, a. (dissimilar) chlgatta ; 
(other) kairaita ; heisu (glj) no ; hoka 
no; t(i (fib) no. 

a person, hetsujin (SiJA)- 

as as chalk from cheese, 

tituki to fiuppon no chigai. 

of kinds, iroiro no; shuju 

(ft * ) no. 
Dift'erential, a. .sahetsti (^gij) no 
aru ; (mech.) hido (^S/l) no. 

calciilus, bihua (^■^). 

duties, k(tbeisuzei(^^\]^). 

l>ifterentiate, t.v. (make out dif- 
ferences between) no/ktibetsu ?ro fate- 

I>iff ereutly, adv. chlgntte ; hetsii 
ni ; tisTi. ex^ir. by a periphrasis ; as, 

I think , rratakusfii no mikomi 

gn rhigfiu. 

from what one expected, 

omoi-no-hoka ; zongicai (ti^^) ni ; 

igicai (jf;th) ni. 
I>iflrtc'iilt, a. mndzukasJiii ; konrntn 
(SStt) nn ; nangi (|^f|) na ; okku na ; 
(before an infinitive) expr. by -nikui 
or -gatai suffixed to the indef. form 
of a vb., or by the vb. -kane-ru ; as, 

to learn, ohoe-nikui; that is 

rather to believe, sore tea 

chitto shiirji-kane-ru. 

a question, nammon (|^^) ; 

yakkai (/g'^) na jiken (^^j. 

of digestion, Iconare no 


Difficulty, n. mudzukashli koto ; 
konnan ; nangi ; (obstacle) .sashi- 
isukae; kosho {WlW); shbge {^$.^); 
(trouble) fvtsngo (/fZf'^); sashi- 

there is no , zosa mo nai; 

Kake ica nai. 

to be in ies (hard up), kane 

ni .sashi-semani. 

to experience , konnan tco 


to raise ies, mendo nn koto 

irO hi. 

with , yatto; karojiie. 

w^ithout , zosa iiaku. 

Diffidence, n. enryo {^1^) ; li'ihn- 
k'n-i ; (shyness) uchiki. 

Diffident, a. to be , enryn s; 

oku .s. 

DilKdently, adv. enryo shite., t.v. hirome-ni ; (disseminate) 

to be d among (as of know- 
ledge, etc.), nijfvkyn (^25l) s. 

Diffuse, a. kudoi ; maicari-doi ; wiga- 
tarashii ; jbcho (%^) na. 

Diffusely, adv. kudoku ; maicari- 
doku ; nagatnrashiku ; jocho ni. 

Diffuseness, n. jbeho ; other equiv. 
of Diffuse, a. foil, by koto. 

Dijf, t.v. horn ; hojikuru ; hojirn. 

to down, hori-kudzusu. 

to in, hori-komu. 

to open, hori-hiraku; ahaku. 

to out, hori-da^u; (mining) 

.saik'itsH (J$R|g) .s. 

to over, hori-kaesu. 

to through, hori-nuku. 

I>ig'est, i.v. konare-ru. 

food s, hara ga konnre-ru. 

Dig-est, t.v. kona.^'. ; shblcwa .1. 

Digest, n. tekiyd (i^^). 

Digestible, a. konare-yasui ; komire 

no yoi ; shokica shi-yasui. 

Dig"estion, n. konare ; shokica. 

my is out of order, 

* (W) (Id waruku naif a. 
Digestive, a apparatus, sho- 

h-'raki mibm 

function, sfiokica-kino (ff^iJc 


Digit, n. (numeral) si'iji (Ut^). 


[ 235 ] DIM 

I>ig"nifiort, a. kedakai; hin (ffn) no 


in a manner, igl- {^^) 


Dig'iiify, t.v. (entitle) arjame-ru. 

to by the name of, tojii- 


Dig'uitary, n. koi (jg'fe) no hito ; 
kikeii (HM)'' (of the chtirch) koso 

Dig-liity, n. (beaiingi igl ({^^) ; 
ikico (^jt) ; hinkaku (q?i+^) ; (pre- 
stige) igen (|^^) ; (reputation) meiyo 
{ ^ ^) ; (office and rank) kura i ; 
k>r,tH-i C^tS:)- 

to impair the of, nojigen ico 

s<>„ji-ru (tft). 

to lower one's (by an act), 

koken (-^i^) ICO sage-ru. 

to stand upon one's , mot- 


Digress, i.v. hanashi ga edu-ha ni 
imtaru ; hanashi ni eda ga saku ; 
hanashi ga shiyo (|i^) ni watani. 

.l>ig're.ssioii, n. eda-hanashi. 

Dike, n. (ditch) hoii ; (mound) dote ; 
tsidsumi; teibo (ij^^j) ; (in paddy- 
fields) aze. 

DUai)idatc, t.v. arasu. 

d, koware-kakatta ; hason (^ 

19.) shita. 

d house, aharaya. 

to be d, are-7'u; (of clothing, 

etc.) yahukete oru. 

I>ilaiuc1atioiiS, n. hason shita 
tiikovo ; kowareta tokoro. 

I>ilatation, n. kwakuchb (f^55). " 

Dilate, t.v. hiroije-ru ; luiru. 

l>ilatc, i.v. hirogaru. 

to upon,/i(Prt (^fr) s. 

it is needless to upon, ico/ 

rhbcho (Bj^* ) suru hitsuyo tea rmi. 

Dilation, n. kwakuchb. 

of the pupils, mbdo-kwaku- 

rhb (IIi?|iJ^?g) ; doko-kwakucho (® 

I>ilatory, a. osvi; shutai-gachi (^ 

•i'lI^S-) no. 

person, namake-mono. 

to be , dzuruke-m ; guzuisuku ; 

namake-ru ; guzu-gnzu s ; injun O 
^) «• 

Dilemma, n. meiwaku (J^?^) ; (log.) 
sbkican-rornpb {^Witmdi)- 

to be in a , ita-basami ni 

nam ; tbwaku (^^) s\ tohb i^';)]) 
ni kure-ru ; shintai (jSiS) kiica- 

Dilettante, n. bijutsu (i|{|r) wo 
ijiru hito. 

Dilettante, a. shirbio no. 

Diligence, n. benlcyb ; shussei {^ 


Diligfent, a person, henkybka 

(^5S^) ; shusseika. 

to be , yoku hataraku ; benkyo 

s ; shussei s. 

Dilig^ently, adv. sei-dashite ; seizei 

(l^t) hone-otte. 

Dill, n. inondo. 

Dilly-dally, i.v. guzutsuku ; guzu- 
guzu s ; injun (0i®j s. 

Dilute, t.v. 7ii/midzu ico icaru, or ire- 
ru ; (in order to cool) ni/midzu tea 
ume-ni ; (chem.) ni/midzu tea kica 


d (of art acid), ki-; as d 

nitric acid, kishbsan (#{firSS). 

Dim, a. (of light) usu-kurai ; (of the 
sight) bonyari to shita. 

to be , (hazy) kasunde oni; 

(as a mirror) kumotte oru. 

Dimensions, n. sumpb (■^')}) ; 
sunshaku (^jR.) ; (measured by ken) 
kensil (|l3!t) ! (area) hirosa ; menseki 

inside , uchi-nori. 

outside , soto-nori. 

Diminish, t.v. herasu ; hesu. 

Diminish, i.v. hcrw, genji-ni; gen- 
s/to (JEE^) .s' ; (in number) sukunaku 
naru ; (in size) chiisaku naru. 

Diminution, n^ (act) herashi ; 
(state) heri ; genshb. 

Diminutive, a. chippoke nn. 
Dimly, adv. usu-kuraku ; kasidca ni ; 
bonyari to shite. 

DIM [ 236 ] 


Dimple, n. ekubo, 

I>iii, n. sairagi. 

what a ! yakamnshii ; sozo- 

s/i'ii koto. 

Dine, i.v. (take the evening meal) 
i/<ish(jkx(, yilsholcu, or yfihan, uo tabe- 
ni ; (polite synonym) yushokii ico 

have you not yet dP mada 

r/ozen-mae de gozaimnsii ka. 

I am ing out this evening:, 

komhan ica icaki de inhc-ru. 

Diiiiiijjr-car, n. skokmlb^ha {f^'^ 
\%) ; y/mkHdo-gurumo. 

I>fniii}»:-rooiii, n. shokiima ; shoku- 
ji-b<>yn ; (large) shokudd (f(^). 

I>iiil»er, n. (late) ban no shokuji ; ya- 
.ifiokn C^-^) ; yushoka (j^$i); ban- 
.slioku ; yi'ihun (^JR) ; bammeshi [the 
latter two words only of a Japanese 
meal] ; (entertainment wdth gnests) 
hrtn'ifiii ; (midday) him no shokuji ; 
//.«r;(-»)p.s7(/. ; (with guests) gosan ; chn- 
»n<- (»§)• 

Dinner-party, n. bansankicni {V^ 

S&) ; b'ln-ofin. 

toy , manuigoto. 

Dint, n. (dent) hekoml. 

by of, -dzuka di> ; as, by 

of force, vde-iliuku de ; by 

of money, knne-dznku de. 

by of perseverance, niniai 

(S.iS) no ko {3^) de. 
Diocesan sjnod, ckihbkxmi (^-jj 

I>i<)Cese, n. rhihbhu {f^-)3^\); kan- 

toku-kicanku (Si'&f^E). 
Dip, t.v. K?ii(a.fu. 

to a flagr, hata ico sageru. 

Dip, i.v. moguru. 
Diphtheria, n. * ; jiputeria. 
Diphthong", n. 7iijilon (ri'fi'g^). 
I>ipIonia, n. sho.iho ; rnenjo ; men- 
kynjo ( IS.f|=!t>c) ; (of a graduate) .tot-iu- 
gyb-shbsho (^mm%)- 
Diplomacy, n. gwaikb. 

rules of , gicaikb-reishiki (^ 

Diplomat, n. gicaikokican ; kbszi~ 
kican (^jSI" ) ; gicaikoka (^h^'SC). 

Diplomatic, a. gwaikbjo (j^h^Ji) 
no ; gicaiko no ; qicaikbteki no ; (dex- 
terons) kosai-jodzu (^I5l_h^) no. 

corps, kakkokii-kosaikican 

(#^$!l5i'B); gvcttikbkwnn-d/.tntai 

note, gicaikb-hnnsho O^^^T 

^); kbhnnsho (^-^M)- 
oflBcial, gicaikukican. 

Diplomatically, adv. gwa.kojd ; 
(with diplomatic skill) kosai-jbdzu ni. 

Dipper, n. (ladle) hi.<<h(iku ; (small 
oval tnb \nth projecting stave for 
handle) snnibd ; kaiate. 
Pallas' , kaica-garasii. 

Diptera, n. hachftnd (Hfii^l^). 

Direct, a. (straight) mossugu na ; 
(without another's intervention) 
choku.sei.'iu no ; jiki no. 

export, chokn-yushuisu (itC^ 


object (gram.l. vhokusfisu- 

mokuiekiji (m^Qil'm)- 

tax, chokuftetsa-zei (iJ^Cllc'K)- 

most route, ichiban chlkai 


to go , (without stopping en 

route) chokko (jitfT) -^ ! (without 
changing train) nori-kaenai de 
iku ; chokko de iku. 

Direct, t.v. (order) nijii-tsHke-ru ; nij 
sashidza .<? ; (mil., etc.) shiki s ; nij 
geji ("F^) -^ ; (show the way) ni/michi 
ICO oshie-m ; (govern) shihai s ; (over- 
see) kantoku .s ; (a letter) yiojuica- 
gaki ico s ; nojna-ate tco kaku. 
■ to against, ni muke-rn ; to 

forces against, nilhei (J£) 

fro nmke-ru. 

to whom is this letter ed ? 

kono iegami ica dare ni atete am. 

Direction, n. (order) sashidzu ; ,mI- 
'*ci (^'^) ; ii-i.iuke; (ordering) .ihiki 
(ta^) ; (sujjerintendence) kantoku 
(^"0); (government) shUmi (ifiC) ; 
(ix)int of the compass) hogaku ('^m); 
hoi (-^^); kenib (5,^); hb\ (t.> 
which a thing points) mnki ; (resi- 
dence) tokoro-gaki ; (of a letter) 
mca-gaki ; na-ate. 


[ 237 ] DIS 

s (rules for guidance), kokoroe. 

of tlie wind, kam-m,uki. 

s for use, shiydlio (1$/H^). 

in all s, hobo; shiho-happo 

in the of, uo sashite; ni 


in this (in regard to these 

matters), kono hen no koto ni tsulte. 

to turn round in this , 

kochi ico furimuku. 

Directly, adv. su<ju ni ; jiki ni ; 
tadachi ni ; (expressly) akiraka ni ; 
(without another's intervention) 
chokusetsu (plt^) ni ; jika ni. 

opposite, md-miikai no. 

to hand over , tco/te-icatashi 

n ; icojjika ni icatasu. 

Director, n. (mani^er) shiluiinin {% 
gEA); (of a Company) torishimari- 
yaku [Com. Co.] ; twishimari ; (of a 

dept.) -cho; as of the Mint, 

zoheikyokucho (JS???Fj:&) '> (president 

of a Company) shacho OtM) ; (of a 

juridical person) riji (Jl^) [Civ. Co.]. 

s (of a Companj), juyaku {^ 


maaag^ing^ , senmiu-torishi- 

mari (: 

Directox'y, n. jhnmeiroku (A^|^). 

Dirlc, n. nikuchi ; tanken (^gJJ) ; 

Dirt, n. f/omi ; chiri-akuta ; obulsii 
(f^tn) ". (on a cup, the body, etc.) 
oka ; (mud) doro ; (earth and sand) 
dosha {±.^); (excrement) kuso; 

Dirtlieap, n. haki-dame. 
Dirtily, adv. kitanaku ; fuketsic ni. 
Dirtiness, n. kitamii koto; fukefsu 

Dirty, a. kitawd; kilanarashii; fu- 

ketsH na ; (soiled) yorjoreta ; aka- 

apt to get , yoijoreppoi. 

feet, doro-ashi. 

water, doro-midzu. 

though it is a thing to 

say, biro (^^) nuf/nra. 

to become , (of clothes, etc.) 

ynijovp-ra ; (of a cup, etc.) niYika 

ga tsidcu ; (of furniture) ni]gomi ga 

Dirty, t.v. yogosu ; kitanaku s. 

Disability, n. mushikaku (*S^)|^) ; 
munoryoku ( te tfe :^ ) . 

Disable, t.v. to be d, yd nl 

tatannkn nam ; (partially) sonsho 
(tad) ■•*; (crippled) haishitsH (K 
^) ni lutru ; fugu (:T^^.) ni nam ; 
(of a steamer) unie)i (j^ffS) no jiytl, 
<^S) 'CO nshinau. 

to from, exi)r. by neg. 

potential foil, by yo ni s. 
Disablement, n. (cripphng) hai- 

Disabuse, t.v. (of a suspicion) no/ 
idagai ico harasu ; no/ginen (JH,"^) tco 
to be d, ica]iUagai ga hareru. 

Disa<lvaiitagre, n. furieki (;pf i]S) ; 
(inconvenience) fuben C^M) '< (loss) 

son m- 

Disadvantageous, a. (prejudicial) 

furieki nd ; fun na ; (inconvenient) 
fubenri na ; (causing loss) son ni nam. 

to be to, 7xolfwieki ni nam ; 

no/futame ni nam. 
Disatlvautageouslj', adv. furieki 

ni ; furi ni ; fubenri ni. 
Disaflfected, a. to be to- 
wards, ni taishitejfuhei tco id/tku. 

Disaffection, n. fuhei C^^) ; fu- 

fuku (:T^aa) ; funvm (:fiB5). 
Disagree, i.v. (of food) ni]atam ; 
ni]aterare-ru [ni -wath the article of 
food specified] ; doku (^) ni naru ; 
(differ) chigau ; tagau : neg. of 
kan'^iu ; (in opinion) ica]ikeH (."S^) 
ga chigau; fudoi (:^I^;i;) de am; 
(quarrel) ica]naka ga rcaruku jKint ; 
uxi\oriai ga ic:indi.yu naru. 

I must have eaten something 

which d with me, nanika 

.9Jtoku-atari daro. 

unless you with me, go 

i'A (511$) ;/« nakereba. 
Disagreeable, a. ki ni ii-anai ; kizn 
na [vulg.] ; (i)erson) iya na ; ki tti 
kuicanai; (thing) kokoroynku nai; 
fuyukicai (T-Wi^) »a- 


[ 238 ] 

Disagreeableness, n. eqiiiv. of 
Disagreeable foil, by koto. 

JYiSiXfuriiOaMy, adv. expr. by a 
periphrasis with the adj . 

Disagreement, n. (variance) /i«ca 
(^W); fimaka; naka-tagai; (dis- 
pute) sotan (^i^) ; il-ai ; arasoi ; 
(dissent)/Hdoi (:^[^1;). 

Disallow, t.v. expr. by ncg. of 
yurusu ; shochi (^^) shinai ; (an 
appeal, etc.) kyakka (fl)T) *' "> (by an 
adverse vote) hiketsu (^jJi) ft- 

I>isai)i>ear, n. miemiku nam ; sJnre- 
wiku nam ; hikkoinu ; (cease to exist) 
kle-m ; shumetsu (Jl^ijS) s ; naku nam ; 
(of persons) shisso s ; ica]yi(kue fiunei 
(^11/]) ni nnru. 
to appear and (as ot bri- 
gands, etc.), shutsubotsu (lllS)*> 
detari usetari s. 

Disappearance, n. (of jjersons) (:9feK^) [Civ. Co.] ; other eqiiiv. 
of Disappear foil, by koto. 

Disappoint, t.v. nijate ico hadzHStse- 

to be ed, shitsuho (:9cS) s ; 

^ca]ate f/a luxdzure-ru ', nozomi ico 
ushinatte oru; wa]haHai ga nuke- 

to be ed at, tco/zannen (Q;tt) 

ni omou. 

Disappointing, a. oshii ; kuchi- 
oshii; (below expectation) omoicashikii 
nai; zongicai (^^h) t.iumaranai. 

extremely , shitsuho-kiica- 


to be , zannen de ant,. 

Disapiwintnient, n. shitsuho ; 

kitchi-oshii koto ;fuhon-i ("^'^M)- 
Disapproval, n. fuslmhi {'^'^%) ; 

idivan ; Idnin. 

Disapprove, t.v. (censure) exjir. by 
neg. of ]iome-ru ; hinan (^^li) s ; 
sansei (®^) shinai ; (decline to sanc- 
tion) hinin (#^|gl) s ; yoku nai to s. 

Disarm, t.v. nojhuki (5\:gS=) 'co iori- 
age-ru ; (an opponent of his sword) 
7iojkatana wo uchi-otosu ; (deprive of 
a sword) nijdaito (IKTJ) sase-ru. 

ICO toku ; 

Disarm, i.v. gumhi (1 
kaiU (g?.ii) .<?. 

Disarmament, n. gumhi u-o toku 
koto ; (rediiction of armaments) gwn- 
U-shidcusho (^iilfB'J;). 

Disarrang'e, t.v. midasu ; ram- 
myaku (iLS^) ni s ; chirakasu. 

Disaster, n. wazaicai; sainan ()}\ 

in order to escape , hinan 

(idW') no tame. 

locality of a , sonanchi (jg-Jd 


sufferers by a , risaisha (^ 

Di.sastrons, a./((A;(5 (:^?^) no; sal- 
min no. 

Disastronsly, adv./ufco ni. 

Disavow, t.v, (deny) ii-kesu ; (an- 
other's action) hinin (^sS) •">" ! ^^S- ^^ 
■mitowc-rn ; neg. of hiki-uke-ru. 

to what one has said, itta 

koto ICO ii-naosu. 

Disbaml, t.v. toku ; joiai \,\mmi 

to troops, hei wo toku; kai- 

hei (H'-(-^) s. 

Disbelief", n.fushin ; fushiidi-i) (^fg 


Di.sbelieve, t. and i.v. exiJr. by neg. 
of equiv. of Believe. 

Disburse, t.v. dasu ; shiharau ; (on 
another's account) taie-kae-ru. 

Disbnrsement, n.harai ; sMharai ; 
shishutsu (${U); (advance on an- 
other's account) tate-kae ; tatekae-kia, 

receipts and s, sJiutsiuiyR ({U 

Discard, t.v. tori-sute-ru ; fuii s ; 
haiki {^M) * ; (fts a favourite, etc.) 
idcham ; ini-sute-ru. 

Discern, t.v. (mentally) satora; 

iraklmae-ru ; ini-icake-ru ; shikibetsu 

(^M) s ; (with the eye) mi-tomc-ru. 
Discerning, a. satori no yoi ; (with 

regard to the future) .senken (:Jfc}l) I'O 


Discernment, n. icukimae ; bem- 
bctsu (P/jlJ); kikiicake. 


[ 239 ] 


Discharge, t.v. (cargo) nolJunn- 
oro.shi ICO s ; no/taumi-oroshi wo s ; 
rikn-aije s ; orosu ; oka ni age-ru ', 
(a ship) no/ni-af/e ico s ; (a gun) 
hamtau ; utsu ; (a giin or torpedo) 
hassha (?^^) s ; (a seaman) yatoi- 
yame-rn [Com. Co.] ; (a debt) heiisai 
iBW) s [Civ. Co., Civ. Pro.] ; hensai 
iM^) 'S ; (a prisoner) homen (i5cl5,) s ; 
hokvxm (jftj^) .9 ; shakuho (!|^j&) s ; 
(dismiss) nijhima ico yarn, or dasu ; 
nil'doma wo dasu ; (from oflSce) men- 
shoku (^^^) .1 ; himen (f|f&) s. 

d soldiers, jotaihei ([^g^|£) ; 

kaitaihei mW^<) 

to be d (of a seaman), {lesea ( "p 

^o) * ; yatoi-yame ni nnru. 

to a gun, //<^/;y)y (^iB) f. 

to an office, ynk'i (Si) ^co 

to from the army, jotai s. 

to in disgrace, .shikujirase- 

ra; to be d in disgrace, 


to one's duty, (official) 

■sliokumu CH^f^) i':o t.sukusu ; tsu- 
tome wo nuimoru ; (as towards one's 
child) glmu {^^) tco tsukusu. 

iDiscliargre, n. (of cargo) nl-oroski ; 
funa-oroshi ; tsinni-oro-shi ; (of a sea- 
man) yaloi-ynme [Com. Co.] ; senhi- 
kaiko {^%MM) \ (release) homen; 
/lokican ; (of a ImnkrniDt) fukuken (fS 
ft6) ; (matter pni^ed or vomited) 
/laisetsuhutsu (WrM^^) ; toshabidsu (fffc 
X-^A^Jl) ; (from a boil) no (^g). 

from the ears, mmi<lare. 

from the eyes, lue-yani. 

from the nose, mkizu-hana. 

port of , rikuof/e-ko [Com. 


I>lsoil>le, n. monjin (P^A); montei 
inmidesJu; (N.T.) .shitei (f^'^,) ; 
(Haddbist)9/(OH/o(pg {,£•). 

Disciplinary, a committee 

(l.arl.), chobaisH-iia (M^i|^). 

punishment (of an official), 

chokai (Igtjfi). 

rules, torishunari-kisoku. 

l>i.scil>line, n. kirUsn (^^) ; tori- 
shlniari ; .shitsuke ; (correction) choji 
(g*f6) ; chbhatsu {mm ; korashime. 
military , ynnki; breach of 

military , gunki-ifutn 


official is relaxed, kimnki 

CbjK) Oa mvdareta. 

Discipline, t.v. (train) shitsuke-ni. 

Disclaim, t.v. (deny) neg. vb. foil, by 
to kotoicaru, to ii-haru, or to shucho 
(±3M) s ; (renoiance) hdki (J&JfP) .5 ; 

Disclose, t.v. arawasu ; (a secret) 
kogwai (P^h) -^ ; ii-morasu. 

Discoloured, a. to become , 

ioa]iro ga kawaru ; henshoku (S|£) 
.9 ; (stained) shimi-rii ; ni]shimi ga 
tsuku ; (with use, said of clothes) 

Discomfit, t.v. hekomase-ru ; heiko 
(PflP) sase-ru. 
to be ed, hekoma.tare-iii ; hei- 
ko .9. 

Discomfiture, n. skippai (^9!c)- 
Discomfort, n. fujiyu C^^Etj); 
fuyukwai (l^l^'^i) :" (anxiety) f nan- 
shin C^-^it))- 
Disconcert, t.v. mldasu ; (abash) 
tashiiuimete yarn. 

to the plans of, no/ura wo 

kaite yarn. 

Disconnect, t.v. hadzusu ; (as of the 
telephone) kiru ; hanasu. 

Disconnected, a. and p.p. A;i)«;- 
gire ni natta ; hara-bara ni natta. 

to be ...,.., (as of the telephone) 

kire-ru ; (not attached) Jutdzure-ru ; 

(of an argiiment) ica]suji-michi ga 

Disconsolate, a. to become , 

chikara tco otosu. 

to be , honyan shite oru; 

chikara wo otoshite oini. 

Disconsolately, adv. bonyari shite. 

Discontent, n.fuhei(7f^^) ; fuman- 

zokii (yf:^&) ; fuman {if^iS^) ; fitsoku 

Discontented, a look, fu- 

soku na kao. 

to be , fusoku, or famanzoku, 

ni omou ; (express discontent)/«/tei 
wo in ; fasokxi ico in. 

DIS [ 240 J 



■Discontentedly, adv. (sullenly) 

1)1 lit lo &h(fe. 

l>iscontiiiiianee, n, hai.thi (Igit)- 

I>isooiitiuiie, t.v. yameru; yo.tu; 
yome iti fi ; hniihi s; (abruptly) chu- 

to be d, yame ni )iarii. 

to business, hahjyoi^^) s. 

to intercourse, isvk'ud tco 

Msu ; zeklo (|g^) s. 

Discord, n. (-vaat of agreement) fu- 
choiri (^tt^ftl) ; W no aicanai koto ; 
fuicd ; ftiuak'i ; naka-tagai ; atsureki 
\W^) ' (mils.) choshi-chigni ; choshi- 
to be in , midare-ru. 

Discordance, n. fmca ; atsureki ; 
(mns.) dtoshi-h(uhure. 

Discordant, a. ki no aicHwii ; fuwa 
no ; (mns.) c/to.v/(J nochigatta ; choshi- 
hadzure no. 

Discordantly, adv. ki ya aicadzu 
jii ; (mns.) chwhi-hadzure jji. 

Discount, n. icari-hlki ; ne-hiki; 

hike ; hen. 

on recoinage, /i<W-ien. 

I>is<'OIint, t.v. (a bill) tcarihiki s ; 

(what a i>erson says) icojamari ate ni 


I>iscountenance, t.v. {ah&sh) Juiji- 
shime-ru ; hadzukashime-Jii ; iyashi- 
me-ni ; (not coimtenance) yurusanai ; 
yosha (#^) shinai. 

Discoiiragre, t.v. no/ki wo kujikuy 
vOjkisahi iro ont ; gakkari sase-ru ; 
(try to stop) tomeyo to s ; (view 
coldly) 7-eita)i (l^^) ni mi-ru. 

to he d, chikara tco otosu ; 

rakidan (j^TBi) *•• 
Discoiiragrement, n. rakidan ; 
zaset.m (S^f). 

l>iscour.-se, n. (lecture) kogi (^^) ; 
ko.shaku (fg^) ; koity( (^fS) ; (ser- 
mon) sekkyo (^^) ; (conversation) 
danica (^M)- 

Discourse, i.v. to on, no/'kogi, 

etc., ICO s. 

Discourteous, a. shitsurei (^(g) 
na ; fthikkei (3^§J:) na ; hushitsuke 
na ; busalio (feff^jS^) na. 

Discourteously, adv. burei (*Sjffi) 

nl ; busaho ni ; hvsJiit.fuke nt ; reigi 
iV^M) "i tagatte. 

Discourtesy, n. .shlt.mrei ; hurei ; 
busaJio ; bushitsitke. 

Discover, t.v. (find out) miida.'ni ; 
mi-tsfike-ru ; hakken a ; (invent) 
hatsumei s ; (as a new country) hak- 
ken a. 

to be ed (of a crime), araicare- 

?•« ; hakkaku .s ; roken .1 ; (of a 
lierson or thing) mi-fs7dcant. 

Discoverer, n. hakkensha (f^H.^)^ 
(explorer) tankenka (Ml*^^)- 

Discovery, n. (finding) hakken ; (ex- 
posure) hakkaku (|$^) ; roken (|f 
IP) ; (invention) hrdsmnei ; (exiilora- 
tion) tanken. 

new , shia-hatsumel (^f^^). 

Discre«lit, t.v. shinjinai ; utagau ; 

(deprive of credit) nolsh'myb tco gai 

Discredit, n. fashinyo (:^fg/n) ; 

fuhybbin {■ 

Discreditable, a..fumemmoku (Tf: 
®B) 'w^ ". fumeiyo (/p^Jft) na. 

Di.screditably, adv. fumemmokti 
ni ; fumeiyo ni. 

Discreet, a. (of persons) em-yo-bukai; 
ybjin-bukai ; kangae no am ; t.-iutsu- 
.shimi no yoi. 

Discreetly, adv. tstdsushimi yoku', 
enryo shite. 

Disci-eetness, n. kinshia (MW 
equiv. of Discreet foil, by koto. 

Discrepancy, n. sot (tB^) ; chigai ; 
sa-i (^g). 

Discrepant, a. to be ,/ugd (^ 

'^) stdnai ; aicanai ; .sot s ; chigau ; 
(contradictory) sogo (SIS) .f ; k>d- 

Discretion, n. enryo (^j^) : t.^utsu- 
.sldmi ; (option) sentaku (isW)- 

at your , go rybken (TfS}) 


is left to the of, no/shuKha 

(Mi^) ni makaseie am. 

use your , ii kagen 




[ 241 ] DIS 

Discriminate, t.v. kiibetm ,? ; shiki- 
hetsH s ; hemhetsu s. 

Discriminate, i.v. (deal unequally) 
toriatsukai ni kuhefsu ico tsuke-ni ; 
fuheikin (7p.^'i^) ni taigu (^iS) «.! 
dbitsu ([^— ) no toriatsukai wo shinai. 

to against, ni taishitejkuhetsu 

Ko tate-ru. 

to between, icojshikibelsu s. 

Discrimination, n. (act) kuhetsu 
(^^>J) ; (discernment) hemhetsu (ff 
^Ij) ; shikihetsu (|£3fl) ! wakimae ; 
fnmhetsu (^^Ij) ; (unequal treatment) 
fukinitsu (:%J^— ) no taigu. 

Discuss, t.v. ronji-ru ; danji-ru ; 
(pari.) gi s ; togi (f^^) s. 

Discussion, n. hyogi (fP^) ; taidan 

(^sM) I (negotiation) fcafceai ; dampan 
(i^^J); (argument) giron (^f^) ; 
(debate) toron {Mtm)- 

hot , gekiron (^tm)- 

is still under , mada Juina- 

shi-chn, hyogi-chfi, or shingi-chu (^ 


subject of , gulai (^ffl). 

to come up for , gidui to 


Disdain, t.v. (despise) iyashime-ru ; 
mi-kudasu ', anadont ; besshi s ; 
(spurn) hinseki (Sl/S) ■'* '> (of ^ 
woman) furi-tsuke-ru. 

Dis<lain, n. anndori ; keibetsu ($^ 
y^) ; human (fglf ) ; hesshi (MM)- 

Disdainful, a. to be , tukaku 

tomnite i-ru ; hnna ico takaku s ; 
iengu de ant. 

l>is<laint"ull,v, a. hnna ico takaku 
shite ; (contemptuously) keibetsu 
si tile. 

Disease, u. yamai ; byoki (^^) ; 
shij)pei (•f^f^) ; hydsho {f^^) ; in com- 
ponndn ^yo ; as, kidney jUizo- 

byo iimm)- 

caiup , gunclmbyo (^Ctfi^). 

hereditary , idembyo (^fi^ 


infectious , densemhyo {^tik 


root of a , bybkon (^tR) I 

hybgen (^f®). 

second attack of a , huri- 


to die of , hybshi (f^JE) s. 

to have a second attack of 

a , ica]hybkign saihntsu (|'f-fj) 

s, or bnrikae-ru. 

Diseased, a constitution, 

bybshin (^J| ). 

person, bybnin (^A) ; kicnn- 

to be , loadzurau. 

Disembark, i.v, fune kara agaru .. 
jbriku (Ji^) s ; oka ni agai-n. 

Disembark, i.\. jbriku sase-ru ; oka 
ni age-ni ; (goods) nku-age s. 

Disembarkation, n. jbrikii. ; yo- 

riku (mm)- 

Disembowel, t.v. to one's 

self, ham wo kirii ; seppuku s ; 
kappuku .9. 

Disembowelment, n. hara-kiri ; 
seppuku (^1^) ; kappuku (p\W ; 
jisai (I 

Disenchanted, a. to be , 

wa]me ga sameru ; wa]mayoi ga 

Disencliantment, n. sappftkei (18 

Diseng-age, t.v. hanasu. 

to be d, hima ni naru. 

are you dV o himade gozai- 

masu ka ; o ie-suki de gozaimas^i 

Disentan8:le, .t.v. hodoku. 

Disfavour, n. to fall into , (of 

a favourite) chb (§|) ico ushinan ; 
(become unfashionable) hayara- 

7iaku iwru. 

Distig'ure, t.v. sokone-ru. 
Disfranchise, t.v, no/sanseiken (S 

i^HS) wo ubau ; (deprive of vote) 

nolseiJcyuken (l^^ffl) wo ubau. 
Disfranchisement, n. sanseiken- 

hakudalsu (^#). 
l>isjrorg'e, t.v. (lit. and fig.) hnki- 



[ 242 ] 


DisgTaCfS n. haji ; chijoku (9t>^) ; 
ojoliH (??^) ; fumemmoku (:fM@)- 
national , kokujoku (^^). 

I>»'race, t.v. hadzukashime-ru ; 
jiijluiji wo kakase-ru ; ni/chijoku ico 

to one's family, ie no im wo 

kegasu, or yoijosu. 

to one's self, luiji wo kaku. 

Disgraceful, a. hadzukashii ; inem- 
moku wii ; fumemmoku (^^@) nn ; 
keshikaranu ; hadzu-heki. 

I>isgTacotiill5> adv. fumemmoku 
ni ; keshikaranu hodo «i. 

I>iS8Tacefulness, n. eqtiiv. of Dis- 
graceful foil, by koto. 

Dtsgfuiso, u. henso (H^). 

in the of a sailor, suifu 

no fa (^) iro shite. 

Disguise, t.v. (meaning) ii-niagirast( ; 
(conceal) kakusu ; ornate ni arawasa- 
nai ; kao nl dasanai. 

a fact not to be d, oukoto 

no dek'rn'tijijitsu (JfTl^). 

to one's self (as, ni) katachi 

tro kae-ru ; glso (®|§) .v. 

I>isj»'USt, t.v. no/mune rco waruku ft. 

to be ed, akire-rv.; xca^mune 

ija icaruku nam ; mukatsuku. 

I>isgii.sting', a. (dirty) kitaiuii ; 
(filthy) hiro na ; (hatefiU) iya na ; 

Disglistillg'ly, adv. nikurashii hodo ; 
iyn ni. 

I>isli, n. .lara ; o-zara. 

Disliclotli, n. fukin ; zokin. 

J >isliearten, t.v. nolki ico oiosase-ru, 
or yoxcarase-ru ; nojchikara tea oto- 
sase-ru ; tco/rakutan (^Jg) sase-iii ; 
t ico/soso (?B^) .sase-rn. 

to be ed, ki wo otosu ; chikara 

ico otosu ; rakutan s. 

Dishevelled, a hair, ram- 
pat su (SL^) ; midarerfami. 
to be (of the hair), midare-ru. 

l>islioiiest, a. shojilci de nai ; fusho- 
jiki na ;fusei (^JE) na. 

to do a action, fusei too 


Dishonestly, adv. fushojiki ni ; fu- 
sei ni. 

Dishonesty, n. fushojiki C^JE^). 

Dishonour, n. Mji; chijoku [%i'^) ; 
fu-meiyo (^^^). 

national , kokujoku (^i^). 

Dishonour, t.v. nijhaji wo kakaseru; 
nojna rco otosu, or kegasu ; (n bill) 
no/shiharai wo kobamu. 

ed bill, fuicatari-tegata. 

Dishonourable, a. fu-meiyo na ; 
iyashii ; misage-hateia. 
to die a death, inu-jini s. 

Dishonourably, adv. hiretsu (^^) 
ni ; iyashiku ; fusei (?f^iE) ni. 

Disinclination, n. eqniv. of Dis- 
inclined foil, by koto. 

Disinclined, a. to be to, pres. 

tense of vb. foil, by koto wo iya- 
garu ; ki ga nai, or kokoromochi ga 
nai, following pres. tense. 
he urged me to go but I was 

to do so, iku yl) ni susuineta 

go. nalakushi ni wu ki ga norann- 

Disinff'cf, t.v. sluidnku s. 

l>isinfectant, n. sh'xlokuyaku ({|^ 

^5g); simlokuzai (i'|']"i*5^)- 
Disinfection, n. shndokn; shodoku- 


by exposure to the sun, 

nikkKo-shodoku ( H %itiM)- 

to carry out , shi'xlokn wo 

shikko (^ri) ■". 
Disinlierit, t.v. kando ,v. 

to be ed, kando .iare-ru ; kan- 
do wo uke-ru. 

Disinheritance, n. Imichukn (g| 
^) ; kando (Jt-lj'g') ; sozokunin-haijo 

Disinteg'rate, t.v. kudzusti. 
to be d, kudzure-m. 

Disintegration, n. (fig.) bunretsu 

Disinter, t.v. ; Juikkidsu s. 

to and bury elsewhere, 

kaiso (^^) s. 


[ 243 ] 


Disinterested, a. (not grasping) 
icatakufihi no nai ; yoku no luii ; (im- 
partial) kohei (S-^) net ; ekohliki no 
nai ; (not concerned) mukicankei (M 
mm no. 

Disinterestedly, adv. watakusld 
naku ; yoku naku ; (imi)artially) kbhei 
ni ; ekohiiki naku. 

Disinterestedness, n. muyoku 

Disinterment, n. hakkutsu {^M)- 

Disjointed, a. (scattered) bara-hara 
ni natta ; (as of a speech) sujbnichi no 

Disk, n. (as, of the sun) marumi ; (as, 
on the head of a sucking fish) sara. 

Dislike, t.v. koaomamti ; kirau ; iya- 
ijaru ; also expr. by kirui da. 

Dislike, n. k'md ; ken-o (/^S^;). 

I have a great for, <jnjdai- 

kirai da. 

to incur the of, no/kirai too 

•maneku ; nijkiraicareru yd ni nam. 

Dislocate, t.v. (arrangements) noj 
jiinjo (MJ¥) "''^ midasu. 

to te d (of a joint), cJdgau. 

to a joint, hone wo clwjae-ru. 

Dislocation, n. dakkotsu (ISt-nT) ', 

dakkyfi (Jj^B)- 
Dislodge, t,v. (drive oiat) oi-harau ; 

Disloyal, a. fuchwji (:^,S,j6) ivx ; 
fuchii na ; (of a wife) fntel (^J^.) na ; 
(of a husband) /(yi<s a (:^[g) ivi. 

Disloyally, adv. furhrigi ni. 

Disloyalty, n. fuchmji ; fuchu ; (of a 
\vife)/«/et ; (of a husband) /(yj/s«. 

Dismal, a. viki (P^^) na ; (of places) 
mono-swjoi; samishii; (of the weather) 

Dismally, adv. mono-smjoku ; sami- 

]3isinantle, t.v. (a house) no/zosaku 
(i£"f^) ICO tori-hadzusu ; hodoku ; (of 
decorations) nojkazari too iori-hadzu- 
su ; (a fort) no/setsuhi (gSliI) ico toru. 

Dismasted, a. hohashira no toreta, 
or nakunatta ; hohashira ico ushUutUa. 

Dismay, t.v. ni/gyoten {V^Jz) sase-rv. ; 
to be ed, bikkuri .9; oki ni 


Dismay, n. odoroki ; kyogaku (fg'tf ). 

Dismemberment, n. (separation) 
bunreisu (■^^) ; (partition, of ter- 
ritory) bunkatsu {'7}%^). 

Dismiss, t.v. (an employe) niihlma 
xco dasu ; nl/itoma ico yam ; kaiyo 
(^M) s ; kaiko («?«) s ; (from office) 
menshoku (IfelOl) s ; menkican (fS,*^) 
.s ; (send away) kaesu ; (a meeting) 
kalsan (ff^afc) « J (^^ appeal, etc.) 
kikyaku (MW « [Cr. Pro.] ; kyakka 
(iPT) s [Civ. Pro.]. 

to be ed, hima wo dasare-ru ; 


to be ed from school, iaiko 

ICO melzerare-m. 

Dismissal, n. hima ', itoma ; kaiyo ; 
kaiko ; (of a suit) kyakka [Civ. Co.] ; 
(from office) menshoku ; menkic:in ; 
("in disgrace) chokal-menshokn (^?fe 

Dismissed, a. (of an official) men- 
shoku ni natta. 

Dismonnt, i.v. ori-m ; (from a 
horse) lana kara ori-ru; geba C^^) 
s ; (from a vehicle) gesim (TlTO ■'•'• 

.' (mil.) geba. 

prepare to , geba-yoi (l^MifW 


Dismount, t.v. orosu. 

to a gun (by liring at it), 

taiho ICO uchi-otosu. 

Disobedience, n./ujujun C^^'&M.) > 
(towards a parent) fuko (:^:^) ; (of a 
child) icampaku. 

Disobedient, a. fitjnjun mi ; (un- 
filial) oya-fuko na ; (naughty) wavx- 
paku na. 

to be , lit koto wo kikanai. 

Disobey, t.v. ni/somuku ; ni/sakarau ; 
nijshHagawaivxi ; (transgress) nijihai 
(j^tl) ■'* ; (''^ * child) no/ia koto tea 

Disoblige, t.v. nilfujiisu C^fl) wo s. 


[ 244 ] 


I>isobliging:, ti. fa-shinsefsu na. 
Disobligfiiigly, adv. fu-sJihisetsu m. 
DisoblisiiigrHCSS, n. fa-shinseisu 

I>isor<ler, n. (confusion) kottzatsu 

ilR.^) i (public disturbance) sojo ([g| 
^) ; sfxirj (Bifji) ; funran (^|L) ; (dis- 
organized condition) fuseltoH (^^ 
^) ; fuseiri (^^^) ; (illness) yamai. 

to be in , (confusion) mvlare- 

rn ; (out of proper sequence) n6\jun 
(HH) f/« kurutte oru ; (of an as- 
sembly, etc.) fjota-gota s ; funjo (j^ 
J$) .s; (of affairs) rammyaku (iLMf) 
III natte oru. 

Di.sor<ler, t.v. rainmyaku id s ; kon- 
2/its-H sase-ru. 

to be ed, midare-ru ; koitzatsu 


Disorderly, a. (of conduct) rambd 
vn ; (undisciplined) fu-kiritsu (:i^JK 
^) u'l ; (of a person) snira'/ashii. 

person, rfonbonin (iL^A)-' 

in a manner, saicaijashiku. 

to be , rnmhb s. 

to be drunk and , ransui- 

hoUo (Hfif^ff) .s. 

to enter in a manner, 

i,i rrniHi/ft (SLA) ••>•• 

to lead a life, •jorotstikn. 

Di.sorg-niiizatioii, n. funran ; fu- 
seltoii ; fu.ieiri. 

Disorganized, a. to become , 

iniilare-1-u ; n6\soshUci (ft.^) ga 
Indzure-ni ; n6\soshiki ijn hnitii\(^ 

m) f<- 

Disown, t.v. (a child) kando (Kft-I^) 
.V ; haichaku (|gjg|) s ; (language n.sed) 

I>isi»arag:e, t.v. kusasu ; soihiru ; 

Di.sparity, n./«<.s-io-v<i; sdi (ffliE); 
fadoto {^^m- 

Dispassionate, a. ochitsulta ; chin- 
chfiku (v^#) tta. 

Dispassionately, adv. ocJiltfuUe ; 
ekinchakn shite. 

Dispatch, n. requires , shlkyu 

(mM) iro yd (H) s. 

with, all possible , o-isogi 

de ; shikyu ni. 

Dispatch, t.v. see Despatch. 

Dispel, t.v. (scatter) chirasu ; (drive 
away) harau ; (superstitions, etc.) 
t <foha (ifjm s. 

to doubts, ntagai wo ioku, or 

haras II. 

to be led (of doubts), hare-ru ; 


to suspicions, gidan (!^M) 

ICO hybkai (^^?) s. 

Dispensar.v, n. chdyakujo (PSiPJr) ; 
yakumiho m$M) ; yakkyoku (Sg^) ; 
(where medicines are dispensed 
gratuitously) seyakiijo (JfiSS^)- 
field , yasen-yakumibn. 

Dispensation, n. (exemption) mfn- 
jo (filth) ; (theol.) -yaku ; as, the old 
, kyuyaku (g|^). 

Disi>ense, t.v. (medicines gratis) 
to medicines gratui- 
tously, seyalcu s. 

Dispense, i.v. to with, j'^o/ 

haljidcu ; icojshoryaku (^§.) s. 

Disperse, t.v. chirasu ; (an as- 
sembly) kaisan (^^) s ; (a crowd) 
taisan (ififi:) sase-ni. 

to the enemy, ieki ico oi- 


Disperse, i.v. chiru ; chiri-jlri ni 
7iaru ; chirabaru ; sanran (^SU * ! 
(of a meeting) kaisan s ; sankicai {1^ 
Disperse, n. (mil.) satikai. 

to sound the , sankaifu (^ 

MB) I'-ofuku. 
Disi>ersion, n. sanran ; (of a meet- 
ing) kaisan ; (opt.) hunsan (^gj;) ; 
(of the Jews) risan (J^lfc) '■> ('is, of 
heat) hisan (^Ij;). 

Dispirited, a. to be , xca]ki ga 

kv.jike-ru ; ki ico otosu ; raktdan {f$. 
!§) .9 ; nchi-shiorei-u. 

Displace, t.v. oki-chigaeru ; (dis- 
charge) menshokii (fJIfiS) s. 


[ 245 ] 


Displacement, n. haisrdnjo (^7X 
g) ; haisui ; (in tons) haisHi-tonsn 

l>isi>lay, n. (ostentation) liaile ; (in 
living) of/ori. 

to make a , ogoru; kira ico 

haru ; omote ico haru ; to make a 

of (what does not really 

exist), no/futsuki ico s. 

Display, t.v. shlmesu ; aratcasu ; 
hyb (Ig) .9 ; (in order to annoy others) 
mise-birakasu ; (set out, as exhibits) 
chinreisu (U^^'lJ) s. 

Displease, t.v. nojki ni saicaru ; no/ 
ki uo icaruku s ; nojki ni sakarau ; 
(anger) okorase-i-u ; ni/hara ico tatase- 
ru ; rippuku (ilj^) sase-ru. 

to he d, expr. by neg. of 

yorokohu ; fumanzoku (^ifi§>£) <Je 

nru; to be d at, icojfuman- 

zoku, or fuyukwai (^1^'fefe), ni 

I>ispleasin8', a. fuyukwai na. 
Displeasure, n. harainchi ; fufuku 
(^)M); fukigen (^jPI^JiI) ; fuman; 

I>isport, i.v. asohu. 
I>isposal, n. (arrangement o£ 
articles) narahe-yo ; chinretsu (^^\\) ; 
(manner of dealing with) shohun ({g 
^) ; tori-atsukai. 

is entirely at your , no] 

<j(> kntte, or go dzuii (jJll^S), ni 
isukaiie kudasai. 

l>ispose, t.v. (arrange) narahete oku ; 
(station at various points) kubaru ; 
ha'ichi (fJHS) ^• 

to be d to, expr. by ki ga 

aru after the indie, pres. 

to of, (sell) liarau ; hnikyuku 

(©^) f> yudzuru; (a qxiestion) 

shohun s ; katadzuke-ru. 

Disposition, n. (mental) konjo {^ 
ft) ; kuihb (^^) ; tacld ; seishitsu 
(14;it) ; kishitsu ; (manner of dealing 
with) shohun ; (tendency) kaiamuki ; 
kelkb ((l^liij) ; (of troops) kaichi. 

temporary , kari-shohun 

[Civ. Pro.]. 

to make s, tehai ico s. 

to show a to, no/i:-o ico 


Disi>ossess, t.v. no/senyu (iSW) tco 

Disproportion, n. futsuriai. 

Disproportionate, a. tsuri-aira- 

nu ; fidsuriai no ; fukenko (^®|l&) 
na ; fusoo (^ffisi?.) na ; (excessive) 
kicahun (jjpi'55") no. 

Disproportionately, adv. futsuri- 
ai ni ; fukenko 7ii ; fusoo ni. 

Disprove, t.v. nolhan.fhb (Ks2) «o 

Disputations, a. giron-ilzuki na. 

Dispute, n. kenkwa (ll^ll|?) ; sbron 
(mm)\ monchaku (ggW) ; '-oron (p 
t^) ; ronipan (fj^^J) ; gota-goia ; 
(comijlicatiou) fungi (j^JS) ; (diplo- 
matic, etc.) /w)i«o {^^). 

facts in , keiso-jijitsu {%'^1$- 

K) [Civ. Pro.]. 

is beyond , muron (IfiiHra) <^«J 

ran ico nuitanai ; utagai ico irenai. 

point in , .so^eJi (^Si) l^iv. 

Dispute, i.v. giron s ; kenkica s ; ii- 

I>ispute, t.v. arasou. 
Disqualification, n. ntushlkaku 
(teff^.-^); munoryoku (^"^ij); 
(failure to reach a standartl) fu- 
gokaku (-y(:.^ki). 
Disqurilify, t.v. to be ied, 

shikaku ico ushinau ; musliikaka ni 
sare-ru ; (not to reach a standard) 
fugbkaku ni wiru. 
Disquieting, a. odayaka nnranu ; 

fuon (:f ^) im. 
I>isquisition, n. dangi (gUjig) ; kb- 

shaku (,fMl^) ; kodan (.iggHj). 
Disregard, t.v. ni/kamaicanai; 
kaeriminai ; ni/tonjaku (ffi®) shinai ; 
itoicanai; f }<^osshi (^M) •' : mushi 

I>isreputabie, a. (of actions) gmu- 
hun (^[>3fl) "0 wand; (of iiersons) 
hybhan (fp^J) no icarui ; (of acts or 
liersons) hiretsu (i?.^) na. 
woman, ukxdya (^^). 

Disreputably, adv. hiretsu ni. 


[ '-246 ] 


Disrepute, n. to fall into , 

ica]hydban (ja icarukii 7iaru ; hydhan 
ICO otosu. 

Disrespect, n. shikkei (^ffc) ; (to- 
wards royalty) /((tej (:^fi). 

Disresi>ecttiil, a. shikkei na ; 
shitsurei {^feS) 'i'' 5 iv.rei (tej^) wi ; 
fukei na. 

Disrespeetfiilly, adv. gen. expr. 
by a i) with the adj. 

Disrespeetfulnes.s, n. shikkei; 
shitsurei ; hrtrel : (towards royalty) 

Dissatisfaction, n./urmnzoku (:^ 
mS,) ; fuman ; fiifukni (;f:gR). 

to express , fuhei (7fi^) tco 

ill, or narasu. 

Dissatisfied, a. to be , jhctu- 

zokit shinai. 

to be with, tco/fusoku (^ 

&)in amou ; ni/fufukii de am. 

Dissect, t.v. kaiho s. 

Dissecting-room, n. kaiboshitsu 

Dissection, n. kaiho. 

Dissemble, i.v. sora ico t&ukau ; 
toboke-1-u ; shira-bakktire-ru ; shirajiu 
kao, or fiiri, rro s. 

Disseminate, t.v. hiromeru ; maki- 
chirasu ; hampu s ; rvfu (iJE^) s ; 
(as disease) dempa s. 

things which infection, 

haikaihutsu (||:rt"4^)- 
Dissemination, n. hampu (|S^) ; 
dempa (@^). 

Dissension, n. isakai ; kenkicu (pg 
BH) ; mome ; (in a small circle) 
uchiica-mome ; (heated argument) so- 
ron (g?aA) ; (breach) hunrelsii (^gj). 

s,/»n:/i (i^m)- 

to be in a state of , mome-ru. 

Dissent, i.v. fuddi (:f:|^ J;) de aru 
[from, to of the person, ni irn of the 
view dissented from] ; nattoku shi- 
nai ; (express disagreement) igi (^ 
^) tco tonaeru; fushochi C:^-^^) 

Dissent, n. igi ; fushodaku (^^^fj^). 

Dissentient, n. fuddi no mono ; 
fudoisha (7[^^MM) ', hantaisha (Sfi 

Dissertation, n. dangi (D^^). 

Dissimilar, a. fudo na ; ichiyo (— 
tl^) naranu ; fuzoroi no. 

Dissimilarity, n. fudo {'?^^); ido 

points of , rhiqatta iokoro; 

sol (ffi^) no ten (SJ). " 

Dissimnlation, n. sora-toboke. 

Dissipate, t.v. (squander) rohi (ixi 
g) s ; rampi (ilg) .s. 

to a fortune, shlnsho {^±.) 

?co tsuhusii. 

to melancholy, utsu tco 

toku, or harasu. 

Dissipated, a. ddraku na ; hoto na. 

Dissipation, n. d&ralcu {'MM) > 't'^'"' 
(j&2|) ; (recreation) nagusami ; ki- 

Dissolute, a. koto na ; hoitsu (jfti^) 

fellow, doraku-mono. 

Dissolutely, adv. hoto ni ; hoitsu ni. 

that man lives , ano hito 

tea hoto ni mi ico mochi-kudzusu. 

Dissolution, n. (of an a.ssociation, 
of the Diet, etc.) kaisan (fji?^) [Com. 
Co., Civ. Co.]. 

of a contract, keiyaku-kaijo 

mmm) -, kalyaku. 

of adoption, rien (SS^) 

[Civ. Co.] [in collofinial also means 


Dissolve, t.v. tokasu ; yokai (i?ff5?) 
s ; (as a meeting, etc.) kaisan s. 
to be d, kaisan ni ncru. 

Dissolve, i.v. tokeru. 
Dissuade, t.v. (make give up an 
idea) omoi-tomarase-ru ; 
ru ; omoi-todomarase-ru. 

to try to from, expr. by 

neg. vl). foil, by yo ni susume-ru. 

Dissyllable, n. nilnji [~'^^). 



[ 247 ] DIS 

I>ist{iuce, n. kyori ; (by road) 
mirhi-norl ; (measured by ri) risu 
(MU); (by ken) kensu mW ; 
(space) aida ; (apart) hedaiari. 

at a , hanareie. 

from a , empo (iS^Jb') kam. 

long (used adjectively), cho- 

kyori, as long telephone, 

chokyori-demca {^^U.MfiU) ; long 

motor race, choky or i-jldo- 

sha-kyoso (SSE^Sil^m'Ml). 

mean , lielkin-kyorl (^^^SE 


Oistailt, a. toi ; empo net ; enkaku 
(^M) 'io ; (far apart) kenkaku (W'M) 
no ; (in manner, towards an intimate 
friend) yoso-yososhii. 

at no date, kinkin (2£'*); 

chika-jika ni ; tokaradzu. 

far , kake-lianareta. 

to be from, ni/hanarete oi-u ; 

tojliedatatte orit. 

Distantly, adv. (of behaviour) yoso- 

Distaste, n. kirai. 
Distasteful, a. ki ni iranu. 
Distemper, n. (of dogs) ken-on- 
. neisu (:^ia^)- 
Distend, t.v. fuktirasu. 
Distend, i.\.fukure-ru ; hocho s. 

Distention, n. hocho (^M) 5 
kioakucho (}!^5^). 

Distil, t.y.joryu s. 

led water, jdryusui (^fgj7lc). 

Distillation, n.joryu. 

Distillery, n.joryujo ('MMffi)- 

Distinct, a. (clear) akiraka na ; 

hakkiri shita ; meihaku (5^^) na ; 

'ineWy') (fS'^ltR) na ; (different) hetsu 

a question, heisu-mondai (gij 

JS . 


ft'om, tojbetsu-'mono de 

quite , maru de chigatta; 

vutru de hetsu no. 

Distinction, n. shdbetsu (H^iJ) ; 
kuhetsu (ISfl'J) ; (fame) komei (is^). 

no can be drawn, kuhetsu 

fja tatanai. 

to make s (show favour- 
itism), icake-hedate ivo s. 

to Avin , na ico age-ru. 

without of, 7U kakawura- 

dzu; without of size, dai- 

■s'/to (A/Jx) ^onafcti ; both A. and 

B. without J A. to B. to ico 


Distinctive, a. tokushoku (!|#t») no 
am ; (conspicuoiis) me ni isuki-yasuL 

Distinctly, adv. hakkiri to; akiraka 
ni ; meihaku nu 

Distingue, a. hin (^) no yoi ; hito- 
gara no yoi. 

Distinguish, t.v, (see the difference) 
mi-wake-i-u ; (understand the differ- 
ence) wakimae-ru ; shikibetsu {^M) 
s ; (make out a difference) jio/ 
kuhetsu wo tate-ru ; (make a differ- 
ence) icakatsu ; wake-ru ; nijicakachi 
ico tsuke-ru. 

as ed from, ni taishite. 

to one's self, ko {:^) u-otatc- 


Distinguish, i.v. to between 

(as two colours), ico/shikibetsu s. 

Distinguished, a. (of persons) 
komei na ; nadakai ; (of actions) 
kencho (MM) na. 

man, chimei (^^)nahito; 

gbketsu (H^). 

Distinguishing, a charact- 
er, iokasei (^ti). 

Distort, t.v. nojnari wo chigae-ru ; 
(wrest from the true meaning) 710/ 
imi wo koji-tsuke-ru. 

ed view (fig.), /lenfcen ((j^^). 

to be ed (twisted), igande 

orii ; magatte oru ; nejikete oru. 

to the features, kao wo 


Distract, t.v. the attention is 

ed, ki ga chiru ; ki ga utsuru. 

to be ed, (as by pain) ki ni 

nam ; (as by noise) nobose-kae-ru ; 
(as by work) nijtori-magire-ru. 

I am ed with business, 

isogashikute kichigai ni nari-sd da. 

Distraction, n. (caused by i^ain) 
kumshi-magire ; (diversion) ki' 
j barashi. 


I 248 ] 


l>istrain, t.v. sashi-osaeru. 

Distrain, i.v. to upon, tcol 


Distraint, n. sashi-osae ; Icari-sho- 

Distress, n. (bodily pain) kurnshi- 
j))i ; (snflfering) nanjil (|{i^) ; konnan 
mm) ; nangi mW ; (grief) kanashi- 
«u ; (poverty) hinku (^^). 

to be in (as of a ship, etc.), 

nanjtl s; vessel in , sdnan- 

sempakni (igil|fl)|ft). 

to levy on, v. Distrain. 

Distress, t.v. kia-usltime-ru ; nilnnnjfi 
saseru ; nayanms^i ; yoicarasu. 

to be ed, kanashimu; yotca- 

ru ; nanju s. 
Distressing', a. katwiliii ; atcare 
iia ; kurushii. 

Distressingly, adv. kanasJni hodo ; 
aicnre 7ia hodo ; knmishii hodo. 

Distribute, t.v. (among, ni) kuba- 
111 ; bvmpai (^@E)«'. ftaifu (gll>fti)s; 
(profits, etc.) haito (Ht^) -^ 5 (^ 
hntden) rrari-tsuke-ru. 

J>istributing centre, (of trade- 
goods) shusanrhi (^^M). 

Distribution, n. (way of) ktd)ari- 
kata ; (act of) bumpai ; haito ; hai- 
ban ; haifu ; (of property) haito ; (of 
mail-matter) (gE^) ; (station- 
ing at various points) liaichi (fiEE) ; 
(printing) kaihan (WSS)- 

Distributive adjective, haUnm- 

ke-njdshi (fic^n^wia). 

Distributor, n. (of newspapers) 
linUatsunin (gE^A)- 

l>istrict, n. (sphere of jaristliction) 

kicankatsu-chi (^fSft) ; kicaiiku ; 
kicankn-kuiki (^^ *to£); (city-ward) 
An (E£) ; (vicinity) hen (jj) ; luoyori ; 
(region) ckiho {t^'^); in compounds 
often erpr. by -chi ; as, devastated 

, /'JyaicAt (it#tt)- 

Consular , ryoji-kicanku (^ 


Court, chiho-saihansho (%>& 


recruiting , chdhei-ku (S^^ 


Distrust, t.v. utagxiru ; ■utagaxi ; 
at/ashimu; shinyo (^ff\) .s?n)iai; ni/ 
shin iro okaivii. 

Distrust, n. utag%iri; utagai; ginen 


to harbcur , ginen iro okosu, 

or iduku. 

unjustifiable ,jasui (fRfJI). 

Distrustful, a. uiagiiri-hukai ; ja.iui- 
bukai ; ginen-biikai. 

Distrustfiilly, adv. utagiiri-bukxikti ; 
jasiil-bukaku ; ginen-bukaku. 

Disturb, t.v. (confuse) midasu ; (in- 
terfere with) samatage-ni ; ni/jama 
tco s ; nojjamn ni nam ; bbgai (^%) 
s ; (by rebellion) jm-an (SI8L) « ; 
kakuran (j^g.) s. 

to be ed, midareru ; saicagu ; 

(anxious)/ui7;w/({n (^^iC*) de am. 

Disturbance, n. sawagi ; sudo (K 
^) ; bMi) (^Sil) ; (on a large scale) 
sojF} (Hfll) ; soran (HiL) ; (interfer- 
ence) sarnatage ; jama ; bbgai. 

to make a , saicagri ; saxcagi 

xro okos-u ; rambb (SL#) 'fo hata- 

Disunion, n. fmra (^ifp); bunreisu 


]>isunite<i, a. to be ,iMd{-^ 

f5[) .shinai., t.v. suieru ; hai (Jg) s. 

d article, fuybbutsu (^/fl VlB)- 

IMsuse, n. to fall into , sTitnre- 


Ditcb, n. (small) dobu ; (medium- 
Sized) mizo ; (wide) hori ; (in fortifi- 
cation) kbkyo (5|Jg). 

Ditto, adv. onajiku ; dojb (I^±) ; rfd- 

Diuretic, n. rinybzai (|tjg<j^) ; ri- 

suizai (flj7}t5^). 
Diurnal, a. (daily) mainichi no ; 

(performed in a day) ichinichi no. 

Diurnally, adv. mainicJti (^H); 

Dive, i.v. midzu ico uioguru, or kugti- 
ru ; (of a bather) atama-saki nt totji- 


[ 249 ] DIV 

Divor, D. (professional) sensuisha (j^ 
yJCiS) ; soisuifu (i^7K^) ; (native) 

black-throated , o-hanm. 

red-throated , ahi. 

Divt'l'jfe, i.v. wakare-ru ; hunshi (^ 
:tJc) .s- ; hunki (^UfJ) .9. 

to from a centre, happo ( A 

^) e waknrete de-ru. 

Diverse, a. iroiro no ; shuju (|i * ) 
no ; f!ama-zama no. 

Diversely, adv. iroiro ni ; sama- 
zama ni. 

l>iversiiie<l, a. (varied) me.iaki no 

Diversify, t.v. iroiro ni s. 

Diversion, n. (amnsement) na(ni- 
.sami ; ki-barashi ; imcamure ; (mil.) 
yufjeki (Wil^) ', (divertis.sement) yokyo 

Diversity, n.fudo C^^). 
Divert, t.v. (amuse) nai/usanie-ru ; 
icarawase-ru ; (a child) tarakasu ; 
ayasu ; (deflect) tenji-ru (^) ; (the 
conversation) icaki e sorasu. 

to funds (temporarily to 

another object), ryuyo (■^/fl) •*• 

to the attention of, noiki 

iro soraae-ru. 

Diverting", a. omoshiroi ; odokeia. 
Divest, t.v. (strip of) nugase-ru ; as, 

to of cloth! ngr, ni] kimono tco 

nui/ase-ru ; (deprive of) hafju ; hagi- 
ioru [ni of the i)erson, wo of the 
thing] ; (of a right), nijuhaxi. 

to of rank, nojkxirai tco 

haijl-loru ; nojkicani ('g'til) ?co 

hakudatsu (^i^) s, or chidatsn (|j| 

#) «. 
l>ivi<le, t.v. tcake-ru ; team; (by a 
partition) shUciru ; (apportion) tcan- 

to be d in opinion, ica]f<€tsu 

ifZ) '.Id' icakare-ni. 

to among:, ni/vcakete yarn ; 

nijhuwpai (^fiH) s. 

to in two, fulatsu ni icake- 


to 16 by 2 , juroku ico ni de 


to up (partition), saku; bun- 

katsu (^p\) s. 

Divide, i.v. icakaru ; icare-ru ; (of a 
road, river, etc.) icakare-ru ; futaisii 
ni nam ; fida-icakare ni naru [of a 
road] ; futn-ivigare ni naru [of a 
river] ; (pari.) ketsu tco toru ; saiketsu 

Dividers, n. hummaicaski. 

Dividend, n. (on the abacus) ji7.s'w ; 
jissfi (Kft) ; (sum distributed) haito- 
kin (gCa^^)- 

cum , haito-tsukl. 

ex , haito-ochi. 

Divination, n. xiramd ; eki (^). 
sticks, holcuzei ( Mp[). 

Divine, i.v. vranau. 

Divine, t.v. waxmu ; (foresee) mi- 
kosu ; .lenken (;Jfe^) .s ; mi-sukasu ; 
(detect) mi-nuku ; mi-tosu ; kamlzxdcu. 

Divine, n. shingakuskn (ipj!^#). 

Divine, a. kami no ; in compound 
words of Chinese origin, shin- (iji^) 
[Shinto] ; sei- (|g) [Christian]. 

judgments, temmei (%^). 

message, shintaku (#|t)- 

nature, shlnsei (^tk). 

service, reihaishlki (iSS^j^). 

Diviner, n. uranaishn ; huihokuslui 
l>ivinj>", a apparatus, sensuiki 


Divining-rod, n. hokujo ( |^:^). 

Divinity, n. (deity) Kami \ Hotoke ; 
(theology) shingaku. 
doctor of , shingaku-hakase 

Divisibility, n. hunsd (^14). 

Divisible, a. 10 is by 2, ju 

xc:i ni dr. wari-kirern. 

Division, n. (act of ilividing and 
distributing) bumpai (^gC) ; (arith.) 
tcari-znn ; joho (|j;3;) ; (l?arl.) .sai- 
ketsu (t5R^) ; (section) bii ; as, Civil 
, minji-bu (Hl^^i) ', (of an elec- 
tioneering district) kii (Hi) ; (a parti- 
tion) shiklri ; (dividing up) hinkntsu 


[ 250 ] DOO 

(■^#1) ; (company) kumi ; (disunion) 
fuchoica (:T^plfl]); hunretsu (^^) ; 
(mil.) sh'ulan. 
addition, subtraction, multi- 
plication and , kaqen-jojo 

chief of a , shidanrho {^^M 

of labour, bitngyo (^H). 

Divisional, "•■ in Chin, compounds, 


Divisor, n. (arith.) josft (tC^fi;) ; (on 
the abacMis) ho (^). 

Divorce, n. rlen C^^) ; rlkon (jglftg:) 
[Civ. Co.]. 

letter of , jte/yo ; sarijo; 

itomajo ; mtkudanhan. 

Divorce, t.v. rien s ; rikon s ; saiti. 

I>iviilg:e, t.v. ii-mora»u ; kogicai (p 

^1^) s ; ii-furasu ; roei (i)gi4) s. 
Dizziness, n. memai ; gen-vn (8fe:|l) ; 

(on standing up) tachi-gurami. 

Dizzy, a. to be , icd]ineniai ga s ; 

ica]nie ga mmcaru ; fura-fura s. 

D. Lit., himgakH-hakase (X^^±). 
I>o. t. and i.v. (of one's self) .sum ; 
ilasu ; tsukamatsuru ; (of another) 
stiru ; nasti ; nasaru ; asobasu ; qso- 
basareni ; (the hair) yuu ; (be ade- 
quate to the purpose) ma ni au ; the 
aux. vb. do is not expr. in Japanese ; 
as, shiranii, do not know ; sw-una, 
do not do ; Vcuna, do not go. 

anybody can it, dare de mo 


cannot without, expr. by 

nakereba naranu ; nakute tea nara- 

nu [E. obj.-7-J. subj.]. 

as you like, go katle ni 

nasai ; go dzuii (^^M) ni tmsai. 

come (entreatingly), dozo o 

ide nasai. 

done at Tokio (of a treaty), wo] 

Tokyo ni tsidcm-u. 

what you will (hypothe- 
tical), do shite mo ; idzure ni s?iite 


that won't , sore ja ikenai. 

this will , kore de yoroshii. 

how do you P go kigen 

j^) yoroshii ; ikaga irasshaimasu 


I cannot it, dekinai. 

I have done with him, ano hUo 
to te ICO kitta. 

to be .done, deki-ru [also used as 
the jTotential, can be done]; (used 
up) .shlmai ni nai~u ; mina ni naru ; 
to be quite done (of a piece of 
work), deki-agaru. 

to away with (abolish), hai 

s ; to be done away with, hai- 
slii (^ih) 'ii naru. 

to over ag^ain, shi-naosu. 

to up (a incttire, house, etc.), 

ni/te U'o ire-ru ; nijte-ire v:o s ; I 
am quite done up, gakkari 

to up in paper, kami ni 


to have done (finished), swnu ; I 

have done, mo shimai. 

to have done w^ith, aki ni nam. ; 

as, have you done with this 

book P ko7io hon ica o aki ni nari- 

mashita ka ; I have done with 

this, koi'e ica mo yoroshii. 

to make (a thing) (i.e. make 

shift with), de'ma ni aicase-7ti. 

to see what can be done, /.sn/j/o 

iro shite miom. 

w^hat shall I ? do .shiyo. 

what will you with it? 

ruDii ni nasaru. 

Docile, a. otonashii ; sunao na ; jfijun 

Docility, n. otowi.Hhii koto; siauto na 
koto ; jtljun (^)l|g). 

Dock, n. (lai)pa) goho ; (rumex) gishi- 
gishi; no-daid; (iirisoner's seat) hi- 
koku-.-ieki (p-g-fi^) ; (old style) shira- 
su ; (for ships) * ; senkyo. 

dry , kan.senkyo ($tJlflJB)- 

to enter , dokku e hairu; 

nynkyo {AM) s. 

wet , shfisenkyo (M^M) • 

Dock, t.v. (a ship) dokku e ire-7-u ; 
(cut short) nojsaki wo kiru ; mijikaku 
kiini ; (make a deduction from) kara/ 
sashi-hiku. ^ 

Doclcet, n. midashi ; taii-gaki {i^M 

Docket, t.v. nojmidashi wo kaku. 


Dockgate, n. semmon (Jl5P5)- 

Dockyard, n. zosenjo (igjK};^). 

Doctor, n. (academical) hakase ; 
halcushi (f5i); (physician) isha ; 
ishi (^m)- 

Chinese , kampoi (fUJ^g). 

's consulting office, .v/t()i- 

satsvjo (-^Ig^/f). 

female , onna-isha. 

ship's , sen-i (^^). 

Doctor, t.v. rydji (0.^-h) s. 

to be ed by, nilkakaru. 

Doctrinal, a. ky'n-Ueki (fSiagili^j) no. 

Doctrine, n. kyori ; oshic ; kycdrj 
(nm) ; (view) setsu (|ft). 
the Monroe , Monroe-skufji 


Docunjent, n. kakitsuke; .shomen 

m-M) ; hunsho (x«) ; sJcosho mm- 

s, shorui (^i^) ; kakimono ; 

(records) kiroku (gCJIft)- 

authenticated (notarially), 

ko.'.-ei-shosho (SjEIgS) [Civ. Pro.]. 

Documentary, a. kaita ; shomen 

evidence, hunsho (^gg). 

securities, yuka-shhken (:^ 

mm) [Cr. Pro.]. 

Dodder, i.v. yoro-yoro s. 
Dodder, n. ne-nashi-kadzura. 
Dodecagon, n. jCmikakkei ("fzif^ 


I><>d<*cjihedron, n. junimentai (-|- 
l>o(l}4e, n. kvfu (Ip^) ; sandaii (^ 


Do<lg:e, t.v. yoke-ru ; sake-rn. 
l>odjfe, i.v. mi wo kmcasu. 
Doe, n. mc-jika. 

DojJT* n. inu ; (of foreign breed) yoken 
(H'A) ; kamc; (Japanese spaniel) 
rhin ; [the various breeds of foreign 
dogs are known by their English 

a live is better than a 

dead lion, shiko (^JSS) seiso {^ 
Jg,) ni shikadzu. 

[ 251 1 DOL 

mad , kyoken (Sl^) '> hyoken 


pet , alken[^it). 

sportiniT , ryoken [Mi^)- 

wild , yama-inu. 

Dogr, t.v. to ...... the steps of, no/ 

ato xco tsiike-ru ; nijhik') (^^f) •*»• 

Dog'Cart, n. nirin-basha [lit. two- 
wheeled carriage]. 

Dogday s n. doyr, {±J\\). 

beginning of the , doyo-irl ; 

[the third day is called doyo- 


Dog-eare<l, a. kado no oreta. 

Dog-tan eier, n. (for spaniels) chin- 
ya ; (for foreign dogs) yokenya. 

Dogtisli, n. (scyllium biiigeri) nanu- 


Dogged, a. (jicanko (igGS) "«• 
Dog-kennel, n. inu-goya. 

Dogma, n. kyori (l^3||) ; 

(S^K) ; telsetsu {^Wi ', setsu. 

Dogmatic, a. to be , ikenCM, 

^) ICO gojo (3S|^) ni ii-haru. 

Dogmaticallj'', adv. gojo ni. 
Dogstar, n. rosei (MM)- 
Dogtooth, n. kiba; k imba [ynl^.]; 

kakushi (ihWi). 
Dogwood, n. midzuki ; midzukaki. 

Doing, n. shiicaza ; s?ioi (fi\^) ; as, 

this is A's , fcore wa A. no shoi 

da ; (thing done) shita koto. 

s, sldknta; mane; (in bad 

sense) shogyo (f'JxM)- 
Dol<lrnms, n. sekvdb-mufu-shuu {% 
iil!ftE5t^) no tai (^) ; sekidd-mvfu- 
Doleful, a. ka)inshii ; (dismal) xnki 
[^%m »a ; yrmtsu (mW) »«• 
...... countenance, tirei-gao. 

Dolefully, adv. naki-gno de ; imkn- 

naku ; kanashi-so ni. 
Doliclio.s umbellatus, sasage. 
Doll, n. nlngyo ; (set out on girla' 

fete-day) hina. 


[ 252 ] 


Dollar, n. * ; (Mexican) Mexiko- 
dara ; (Japanese) yen. 

chop , *; kokuindzuki-engin 

gold , kinyen. 

silver , ginyen. 

one note, ichiyen-saisu. 

r>oli>liiii, n. iruka ; (ornament on 
roof) shachihoko. 

I>oinain, n. rybhun (bRJ)-) ; ryochi 
(JStft) ; (fig-) rydbun. 

Imperial , go ryochi. 

rig-ht of eminent , kokudb- 

ryuyn (^±gg^) no taVcen (;^fl|). 
Domestic, a. (ho\isehold) katei no ; 
(relating to the family) kazoku-teki 
(^(j^ift^J) no ; (national) naikoku no ; 
(domesticated) kai. 

affairs, kaji (7^^). 

and foreign, naigicai (^^h) 


animal, kachiku (1^^). 

cat, kai-neko. 

education, katei-k-yoilcu (§^ 

exhibition, naikoku-hakM- 


production, naikokusan (ft 


of manufacture, )wikokusei 

mmm) no. 

Domestic, n. hokonln (^S^A) ; 

I>omesticate, t.v. te-nachukeru. 

to become d, hito ni nadzu- 

ku ; ie-nadzuku. 

to become din (of a plant), 

nojtoeld (iiJfi) ni nadzuku. 

Domicile, n. jusho (ft^) [Civ. Co., 
Com. Co.] ; genseki [j^f^) ; nimbetsu 
( ASU). 
l>omiciliarv search, kataku-sb- 

saku C^^Sit'^) [Cr. Pro.]. 
Dominant, a. ichibnn ikioi no yoi ; 
tie ni iatsu. 

tenement, ybekidd (f?©Jfi) 

[Civ. Co.]. 

I>omineer, i.v. tbaru ; ibai-i-chirasu ; 
hakko (JKIS) s ; ibari-kusani [vulg.]. 

I>omiiieeringr, a. bakko stiru ; 

Domineering', n, hakko ; yoiad- 

Domineeringly, adv. ibatte ; hakko 

Dominion, n. (territory) ryo'-hi (^ 
Jft) ; rybdo (gSdi) ; (sovereignty) sku- 
ken (±m)- 

s, hanto. 

a product of the s of, no 

hantonai ()R®^) Jio s>:isaa (fj}^). 

to import into the s of, »o/ 

hantonai ni yunyu (l^\) s. 

Domino, n. (mask) fukiunen-dzukia 
es, roku-narabe. 

Donation, n. (contribution) kifuklii 
(^r>(t&) ; gienkin ; gikenkin {^m^) ; 
(under a will) zbyo (!@Ba) [Civ. Co.]. 

Donkey, n. ; roha (Sg.!§). 
Donor, n. zbyosha (|^^^) [Civ. Co.]. 
Do-nothing, a. mui (te;^) no. 
Doolie, n. kago ; norimono. 

Doom, n. (destiny) ummci (JSiph-) : 
temmei (5?^); (punishment)/.* i^^^f^sit 


Door, n. to ; (entrance) iri-kurhi ; 
(on hinges as opp. to sliding door) , 
hiraki-do. j 

a small (in a large one), j 

kugxiri-do. \ 

in s, «<7it no naka ; konai (^ 

1^) ; okunai (J^ft) ; ya-uchi. 

next , tonari no vchl ; the 

cat next , iomiri no neko. 

out of s, soto; omote; oku- (M^'h) ; kogirai (]^9\-)- 

please shut the (placard), 

akepprtnashi muyb. 

• ' the open ," monko-kaihb 


to go to the (of a servant), 

ioritsvgi ni de-ru ; demitkae ni de-ru. ' 

to see to the (a departing 

guest), okuru. 

to shut the , (on hinges) to 

ico shime-ru ; (sliding) to ico tate-ru. 

Doorkeei>er, n, momhan (P^fS). 

Doormat, n. kut.<tu-fuki ; / 7.v«- 
kosuri ; kutsu-nugiu. • 


[ 253 ] 


Doorplate, n. hydsatsu {^M.). 
Dooi'AVay, n. deguchi. 

Dorinaiit, a. (of a volcano, etc.) 

shlilzumatte iru. 

partner, tokumei-kumiai-in 

to be (of disease), sempuku 

(ifff^) shite oru. 
L>orniitor3', n. klshukusha (^^#). 
L>or.saI, a. se no. 
Dose, n, one , ippuku (—M.) > 

itcho (— T)- 
Dot, n. ien (J^) ; chobo. 

Dotajjo, n. to be in one's , 

(>iho7-e-rii ; rdmo (^i^) s ; moroku 
iM^) ^ ' kinuke shite oru. 

l>otard, n. oi-hot-e. 

Dotted, a. pochi-pochi ni ncUte oni. 
line, potsu-potsu 710 suji. 

Dottel, n. (of tobacco) suigara. 

Dotterel, n. (Hodgson's ringed 
plover) ikaru-chidori. 

Double, a. (twofold) futae no ; nijii 

(n|g) no ; niju ni natta ; (bot.) yae- ; 

(of two thicknesses, of cloth) aicase 


book keeping by entry, 

fukushuci-hoki (m.^mm- 

bottom (of a ship), niju-zoko. 

track (of rails), fukusen (fg 


to be (twice as much as), 

nOi'nibni de aru. 

Double, n. (t'tt'ice as much) hai ; 
nihai ; nisohai (nJS-^); (counter- 
jmrt) uri tea futaisu ni icatta yo da 
[prov., lit. is like a melon split in 

Double, t.v. (in amount) hai-rnashi 
ni s ; hai ni s ; (make of two thick- 
nesses) kasane-ru ; 7vjii ni s ; (the 
fist) kutaiiie-rit. 
to up (fold), tatamu ; oru. 

Double, i.v. (in amount) nihai ni 
nnru ; (as by folding) kasanaru ; 
(return on one's tracks) ato-modori 
vo s ; (mil.) kake-ashi ico s. 

Double-breasted, a. (of a coat) 
rijoht'tc (^i)^) no. 

Double-dealing', a. kage-hinata 

no aru. 

Double-edged, a. rybha (^ J2) no ; 
moroha no. 

Double-faced, a. isshin-rydmen (^ 
M MM) no. 

Double-hearted, a. futa-gokoro 

Double-quick, n. kake-ashi. 

Double-.stars, n. niplsei {n'S.M.)- 
Double-tongued, a. nimai-jita ico 

Doubt, n. utagai; giwalcu (^^) ; 
ginen [^t^) ; gigi (j^^). 

no (of course), mochiron (^ 

there is no that, ni utagai 


to give rise to s, gigi ico 


to resolve one's s, gigi wo 

tokit, or hai-asu. 

Doubt, t.v. uiagau ; fushin (^^) ni 
omoii ; v:ajshinji-ka7ie-ru. 

Dovibt, i.v. (entertain surpicions) 
xdaguru ; utagau ; ihukaru ; (fear) 
aijabumu ; ayashimu. 

to if, expr. by ayashii ; 

ayashiku oniou ; ibtdcashii ; ihu- 
kashiku omou ; neg. future with to 

omon ; as, I if he will come, 

are ga kuru no ica ayashii ; he 
said, he would repay me, but 

I if he w^ill, kane tco kaesu 

to itta ga iratakushi tea ihidcashiku 

Doubtful, a. utagauashii; fushin 
na ; ihukashii ; (of uncertain issue) 
ohotsukanai ; (ambiguous) aimai (@ 
Wc) na. 

a character (questionable), 

ikagauashii hiio. 

a point, 3i»«o»(JStin)- 

Doubtfully, adv. ibukashik7i ; oho- 

Doubtfulness, n. equiv. of Doubt- 
ful foil, by koto. 

Doubtless, adv. kanaradzti', kiito; 
(probably) okaia ; tabun (|^^). 

DOU [_251 ] 

DoMclie, n. to take a cold , 

iiikhu tco abiru. 

l>uiig:Ii, n. neri-ko. 

Douse, t.v. (inuuerse) midzu ni 

I>ovo, n. Barbary (hortur 

risorius), shirako-bato ; juzukake- 

eastern turtle (t. orientalis), 


rock , kawara-hato. 

t. huinilis, beniAxnio. 

Dovetail, n. ari-zashi ; kiri-kumi. 

Dovetail, t.v. kiri-kumu ; arl-zashi 

ni s. 

Dowajirer, n. vikyo-samn (R|^^)- 

Empress , Kicotavjo ; Kw5- 

(aikicofjo i^i:^]^). 

Dower, n. jisankin (fj^^). 

I>own, n. (of a htunan being) mukuge ; 

(on a baby's bead) ubxtf/e ; (of a bird) 

nmd (^^) ; icatage. 

Down, prep, no shita e ; (a hill, etc.) 
icojoriie ; (a well, etc.) no ivaka e. 

the stream, nagnre ni ma- 


Down, adv. shUa e ; shimo e [chiefly 
used of a stream]. 

to (of time), 7ii itarxi iiuvUf. 

to boil , ni-tsume-ru. 

to break , t.v. koicasu. 

to come , (descend) oriru ; 

snijaru ; kudani ; (in a demand) 

to fall , (from a height) ochi- 

ru ; okkochi-ru ; (from an erect 
position) korobu ; taoreru ; koke- 

to go , (of price) sagaru; 

geraku (~ft^) s ; (from an eleva- 
tion) ori-ru ; (of a sweUing) hare ga 

hiku ; to go a stream, 

kaica-shijiio e kiularu. 

to float a stream, kmca- 

•shimo e nagare-ru. 

to hang , t.v. sage-ni ; tarasu ; 

i.Y. sagaru ; tare-ru. 

to jump , tdbi-ori-1'v. ; iobi- 


to kick , ke-oiosu. 


to knock , (from an eleva- 
tion) otosu ; huchi-ota^u ; (from a 
standing posture) buchi-taos\i. 

to lay , nekasu. 

to let , sage-ru ; orosu. 

to lie , fttseru ; ne-ni ; loko ni 


to put , (repress) o.saeru; (a 

rebeUion) shidzumeru ; chiwitsu (Ig 
)g) .9 ; (deposit) oku. 

to run , t.v. (depreciate) te- 

nasu ; i.v. kake-kudam ; kake-ori- 
ru ; (of a clock) tca]zeminai ga 
modnite shimaic, maki ga kireru. 

to slip (from an elevation), 


to take , orosu. 

to throw , (from an eleva- 
tion ) otosa ; (from a standing posi- 
tion) tnosxt. 

to write (note), hikaeru; 

kaki-tome-ru ; shirusu. 

up and , (vertically) ue-shita; 

(to and fro) achi-kochi ; to move 

up and (rise and fall), agarl- 

sagari iro s ; to walk up and 

, yuki-ki iro s. 

ups and s (of life), "A <■- 


Downcast, a. to be , tc(i]ki ga 

fnsagu ; yftutsu ({11(1$) ni naru. 

l>ownfaII, n. gicakai (XWf) > ^ndsu' 

bo mo- 

Downhearted, a. to be , H 

iro otosu ; rnkutan (iSBIt) *• 

Downpour, n. homburi. 
Downstairs, adv. shita ni. 
Downstream, adv. katca-shimo e. 
Down-train, n. kudari-vfssha (~f 


Down-tr<Kl<l<*n, a. to be ,\ 

jmiu (^MW s'fre-ru; asset (MW 
snre ru. 

Downwar<ls, adv. shita no hij e. 
and , ika ( i't T ) ; as, children i 

of ten and , jlssal-ikn no\ 

kodomo. ', 

Downy, a. mm (^JiJ-'E) no aru ; lai i- j 
ge no ai-u. 

Dowry, n. jisankin (f$|li^). 


[ 255 ] DRA 

I>OXOlogry, n. (gloria) eikiL-o (^%) 
no sho (^). 

I>oyen, n. hiito (-^gM); (of diplom. 
corps) jdseki-kos/il (±^2r^) ; (of 
cons, corps) joseki-ryojl (§^^). 

Doze, n. madororiii. 

I>oze, i.v. neiivoa : madoromu. 

to in one's seat, i-nenmrlico 

I><)zeii, n. one , ichi-dazu. 

six of one and half a of 

the other, rhosinn-hoshi (.|UH^ 
29) ; nitari yottari no koto ", fjomhei- 
tarobei [vulg.]. 

L>rab, a. tobi-iro no. 

Draco, n. (astron.) tenryu-seiza (^t| 


Draft, n. (of a document) shlta-gaki ; 
soko (^16) ; (of a law, etc.) soan (^ 
^) ; (of a plan) shlta-e ; (bill) kawase- 
ieqata ; kaicrise ; (mil.) bunkeniai (^ 


amendment, shuselan (j^iE 


of revision, kaiseian (^jE 


original (as opp. to ameml- 

eil form), fjen-au (Jf!^). 
telegraphic , deashin-kaica- 

.se (mfa^^)- 

Draft, t.v. nojshUatiaki ico kaku ; noj 
shko u-o kaku ; k'lso s ; ritsuan (il^) 

ing committee, kiso-ila (J^ 

the bill passed as ed, Jioan 

rja ffen-an no tori nt tsi'ikica (SfiJIS) 

to he ed (draft complete), 

dakko (I^Uii) fihile oru. 
Drajf, n. (on awheel) ica-dome ; h/i- 
doiue. f 

l>raf^, t.v. h'tki-dzuni ; (for a corpse) 
kai/i de sariuru. 

to in (implicate) , daki-komu. 

to its anchor (of a ship), 

ikari ico hikidzitru. 

to one's self along (when 

fatigued), kuinbire-ashi fo hiki- 

to out hy force, Mkidzuri- 

dasu ; shobiki-dasu [^'ulg.]. 

Drag', i.v. to on (take long), 

mif/abikii ; sen-en (^5$) s. 

Drag:-iiet, n. hiki-ami. 

Dragoman, n. tsfiji (M^); (official) 

tsilyakkican (MW^"^)- 
Dragon, n. ryd; ryu (^); (horary 

sign) tatsu (M). 

Dragonfly, n. tomhb (^i^). 
Dragon'.s-blood, n. kirin-keisu 

Dragoon, n. k'lhei (^^). 

Drag-rope, n. hiki-dzuna. 

Drain, gesul (TtK) ; (outflow, as of 
specie) ryilshutsu (^{iJ)- 

covered , fuse-doyn; tane- 


Drain, t.v. (a glass) noini-hosu ; (land) 
nojmidzu tco kakasu, or otosu. 

to a swamp, jiwma no midzu 

vco kumi-hosu. 

Drainage, n. (of land) mUhn-hake ; 

sostd (igg7K) ; haisui (^7K)- 
Drake, n. ahlru no ; o-ahiru. 

Dram, n. (draught) ippai (~^^); 
(apothecaries' weight) eqniv. to 1 
momme, 3 rin, G mo ; (avoirdupois) 
equiv. to ifun, 7 rin, 2 mo. 

Drama, n. kyorien. 

lyric (classical), no-kyoijen 

Dramatic, a. kybgen no yb lut. 

Dramatically, adv. kybgen no yb 

Dramatist, n. kybgen-sakusha (JEW 

Drape, t.v. nijkake-ru. 

Draper, n. tammonoya ; gofukuya 

Drastic, a. (radical) komponfeki (^ 

^d'']) no ; (severe) genkoku (gg[fiS) na. 

Drangllt, n. (of a ship) fumi-dshi ; 

midza-iri ; kissui (I^tK) ; (of wind) 


at one , hiio-kuchi ni; hito- 

iki ni. 


[ 256 ] 


forced , hyoat'iu-isfifu (SSIUM 


light steamer, asa-kissui- 


natural , ordinary , 

shlzea-tsilfa (\^f^MM.)- 

one (of a nei),lnto-ami. 

there is a , kaze <ja halm; 

kaze get suite hairu. 

Drauglit-beer, n. taru-hih-u ; ki- 

l>railgllt-li<)rsc', n. 

l>rail<>'lit.siiiaii, n. dz(t-hiki. 

Draw, t.v. (drag) hika ; (ft swortl) 
nnlcu ; (a lecture) /i;«A.-i( ; (water) 
kumu ; (curtains) kake-nt ; (a bill) 
furi-dasu ; tor't-kv.inu ; (funds) hiki- 
dasit ; lori-tsxikcrH ; (a plan, bow, 
lots) hikii ; V. also Drawn. 

s 10 feet (of aship),/iuia-rt.«/u 

tea ichijo aru. 

to a sword, baito (t^JJ) s ; 

saya-barai ico a. 

to down, lilki-orosu. 

to down upon one's self (as 

censiire), maneku. 

to in, hiki-koniu. 

to out, 7U(ku; hiki-clasu ; 

(stretch) nofjusu ; (money) hikl- 


to out an army, ijunzei (^ 

^) Ko kur'Klfisu. 

to towards one, 


to up, hiki-a'je-ru ; (a docu- 
ment) .<i/i(7r(/rn(ier(( ; tsukurW, sakn- 

•sfi (f^ifc!) •*>•; (a reix)rt) chosei (^ 

m) •-•■ 

to up in line, heiretsxi (M^i]) 


Draw, i.v. (of tea) de-ru. 

to back, ato e sayaru. 

to near, chikayoru ; (of time) 

chikayoru ; ')ii]sem(ini; seppakii (-ijO 

igl) .s ; the time s near, mo 

.saki fja rnijikai. 

to off, hikitoru ; shirizoku. 

to well, (of a pipe) yoku 

torn ; (of a play) o-iri da ; o-atan 


to let (as tea), dasu. 

Draw, n. (undecided game) mushobu 
(Mmi) ; shdba-nafihi. 

Drawback, n. (objectionable fea- 
ture) kosho {WlW) ; (<lwty) modoshl- 
zei ; zeikin-haraimodoshi. 

the is that, sono kmcari ni. 

to allow a , zei (^) ico haroi- 


Drawbri<lj»«.', n. hane-baxhi. 

Drawee, n. shihavainin [Com. Co.]. 

Drawer, n. (of a bill) furidaahinin 
[Com. Co.] ; (blower for the fire)/f/^a ; 
(receiitacle) hiki-dashi. 

8, (foreign undergarment) shi- 

tn-ilznbon ; Nhita-momohlki ; .'ihita- 

baki ; (Jaj)anese pants) momohiki 

[a. n. sohni, tf.] ; (of silk) patchi ; 

(coolie's) hftmmomohiki [extending 

to knee]. 

bathing" s, .sarumata. 

blue cotton s, mekurajima iio 


chest of s, tansu (i 

Drawing*, n. (thing drawn) e ; dzu ; 

edzu ; dziimen ([ilM) ; (branch of 
study) ijnaijnka (^^). 

a bold ."....., sbfjica (^^). 

an elaborate , mitsvi/im (^ 

in black and white, sumi-e. 

in section, seisxidandzu (^ 


Drawing'-piii, n. fome-byo. 
I>rawiiig:-rooni, n. kyakuma (^ 
f^) ; dsetsinna mt^f^)- 

Drawl, n. to speak with a , 

yuta-yiita hnnafthi ico a. 

Drawn, p. p. and a. (delineated) 
kaila ; (of a gnme, etc.) shobu-naski 

no ; hiki-icake til natta. 

a bill of exchange on A., 

A. 7il ateta, or A-ate no, kaimse. 

battle, al-biki. 

sword, miki-nii; batlb {^'JJ). 

to be , (of a match) mushobu 

(MM%) ni oicarii ; (by lot) kiiji ni 

water just , knmi-tute no 


Drawn work, n. * ; nuki-gakari. 
Dray, n. uma-guruma. 
Dread, t.v. hidoku koicagara. 

PRE [ '-^5 7 ] 

Droiulful, a. osorosh'd ; JcoicaL 

Drcartt'ully, adv.' osoroshiku. 

DiN'aiii, n. ifume. 

true , masa-yume. 

I>i'<'ain, i.v. yume too mi-rn. 

I never t of it, yume ni mo 


to of, no/yume wo mi-ru ; icoj 

yume ni mi-ru. 

Drearily, adv. samishiku ; 7nono- 

Dreariness, n. equiv. of Dreary 
foil, by koto. 

Drearj', a. .snmishii ; mono-sxigol ; ■ 


Dreclg'e, t.v. .larau ; .shunsetsu s. 

Dredger, n. shunsetstisen 

[some read shunchosen] ; sarai-hune. 

Dredging", n. shunsetsu. 

Di'egs, n. shitami ; ori ; kasu. 

Dreucli, t.v. sJiitorase-ru. 

to get ed, ijutchori nure-ru; 

h'tssJiori ni naru. 
Dress, n. kimono ; ifuku (jSc^R) ! isho 

evening , v. Dress-clothes. 

fatigue , sakugyofaku (ft:^ 


foreign , yofuku (WVHk). 

full , (civil) tairetjfuka (A'ji§ 

nP() ; (mil.) .sei.s5 (^^). 
Japanese , wafukic (l^H'St.). 

Dress, t.v. nijkimono wo kise-ru ; 
(med.) nojieate ico s. 

to one's self, kimono ico kl- 

ru ; mi-goshirae tco s. 

to ship, mankansJioku (^1^ 

gflp) v:o .s'. 

Dress, i.v. (mil.) )iarau. 

right ! migi e name. 

to finely, mekasu. 

to in style, kira ico kazaru. 

Dress-elotlies, n. reifuku ; emhi- 
fukn {MW\yL)' *; («s f^ist. from 
uniform) tsiijo-reifuku (ifi?f?j!Sl]tt) ; 
shoreifuku ('J^IgM)- 
Dresser, n. manaita. 

Dressing, n. (bandage) IJjtai (H^) ; 
(sance) kake-shiru. 

Dressing-case, n. kesho-bako (ffc 


Dl*essing-govvn, n. (padded) do- 
tera ; (thin) yukata ; [these are 
Japanese garments]. 

Dressing-room, n. kenlto-beya. 

Dress-maker, n. onna-shitateya. 

Dress-shoes, n. hangutsu (^¥(t) ; 

reishiki-gutsu (n^^Hfc). 
Dribble, i.v.- iare-ra ; (from the 

mouth) yo&tre ico tarasu. 
to let , tarasu. 

Driblets, n. by , chibi-chihi. 

Dried, a. /to.s/u- ; hi-; as, fisb, 

hi-mono ; persimmons, 


Drift, n. (of an argument) shui 

mm; y'oryo (i?«i); tan (km; 

(snow) fuki-yose. 

Drift, i.v. nagare'vu ; (of snow) fuki- 

to about, hyo)'yi'i (glcfe) -v ; 


to ashore, hyochaku (3?§) 

s ; nagare-tsuku. 

to to, e/nagarete kimi. 

Drill, n. (tool) maikiri ; (training of 
soldiers) soren (^iBl) ; choren (MW) ; 
(rules of) soten (^^) ; (fabric) unsai- 
/" (S^^) ; oya-gannlcin ; aya-mo- 

three-cornered , mitsume- 


Drill, t.v. (a hole) kin de ake-ru ; 
(troops) soren s ; choren sa.'^e-r'j, ; 

to become well ed, soren ni 

juku (^^) s. 
Drily, adv. (of manner) reitan (l^^) 

Drink, n. nomimono. 

a , ippai (-^i^). 

food and , inshohti ; inshoka- 

hidsu iUkMm- 

to be maddened with , sni- 

ky-, [mm '■<• 

to have a , kahido ico knfniru 



[ 258 ] 

Drink, t.v. nomu ; (polite term) meshi- 
nrjaru ; (swallow) nomi-komu. 

to too much, yiomi-sugosu. 

to up, ixomi-hosu; nomi- 


Drink, i.v. to by one's self, 

dolciifthakti (JSS^) «• 

to heavily, boin (^t^) s. 

Drinker, n. kidari-kiki [vtilg.]. 

great , o-zake-nomi ; soko- 

mike ; nuke [vnlg.] ; shogakubo 

Drinking:, n. eating and , 

Drinkin8"-boiit, n. saka-mori. 
Drinlvinjr-water, n. nomi-midzu ; 

Inry'isnl {vkPt7Y-). 
I>rinlv-nioney, n. sakaie ; nomi- 

I>rii>, i.v. iare-ni ; shitataru ; poichiri- 
potchiri to ochi-ru. 

water s from the branches 

of the trees, ki no eda kara shi- 
dzuhu (ja ochi'ini. 

water s from the eaves, 

iioki kara amadare gn ochi-y-xt. 

Drive, t.v. oi-yaru ; (convey in n 
carriage) basJia e nosete iku ; (game) 

n by poverty, hhika (K^) 

»(i sematte. 

to about, oi-iiMicas\i. 

to a carriage, basha ico gyo 

m) ••«•• 

to across, (as a mountain) 

oi-kosu ; (as a river) oi-xcatasu. 

to a horse, uma wo tsiikau. 

to away, harau; opparan', 

(H-hnrau; ou; to have n 

away, oimse-rxi. 

to back, oi-kaesu. 

to down, oi-kudasu. 

to in, oi-komw, (as a stake) 


to out, oi-dasu ; (one com- 
modity another) atto (i^ffil) * » 
hfilseki (t^/f:) s. 

to through, oi-tosu; (with 

a blow) ucJd-miku. 

to to extremities, oi-tswne- 


to together, 



kari-yose-ru ; 

Drive, i.v. (in a carriage) baslui ni 
to about, nori-maicai-u. 

Drive, n. to go out for a , basha 

ni noiie xmdo (MMi) ni de-ru. 

Drivel, n. yodare ; (nonsense) kuda- 
ranu koto ; mudakkuchi. 

Drivel, i.v. yodare tco tarasu ; (talk 
nonsense) kudaraivai koto ico {« ; 
mudakkuchi tco iu. 

Driveller, n. yodare-tara/shi. 

Driver, n. (of a vehicle) gyosha (Jg( 
7^) ; (of an engine) kikicanshu (If^^ 

Drizzle, n. kiri-ame ; koznme ; bicho- 
bicho-auie ; nuka-ame. 

Drizzle, i.v. kiri-aoie, etc., gafura. 

Droll, a. omo.ihiroi ; hyogeta ; (person) 

hyokiii dSJH) na ; dokeia. 
Drollery, n. .share. 
Droll J', adv. hyiigete. 
Droniertary, n. ippj-rakudn (— (t^ 


Drone, i.v. uiuiru. 
Droop, i.v. (from weakness) .shiore- 
ru ; (hang down) shidare-ru. 

Drop, n. nhidzuku ; (from the eaves) 

amadare ; (measure) teki (frf^) ; [1 , 

itteki; 8 s, hniteki ; 10 s, 

jiiteki ; the rest are regular]. 
Drop, t.v. (let fall) otosu ; (a liqiiid) 
tarasu ; (cease) yame ni .s. 

a thing ped (by mLstake), 


to anchor, ikari tco orosu', 

t'obyo mm) s- 

Drop, i.v. (fall) ochi-ru ; (of a liquid) 

to dead in the street, iki- 

daore ni nam. 

to in a faint, .solto (4^0!)) *., n. suiki (7jc^) ; ■•nd.thu ; (of 
the abdomen) chmwn (B^jfi); faku- 
suifihu (IK'MI) '' .f'(ku.sui. 

DEO [ 259 ] 


Dross, n. kana-guso. 

of iron, ietsu-guso. 

Drought, n. hideri ; ieri ; kamhat.iu 

Drove, n. mure. 

Drown, i.v. obore-ru ; ohore-shinu ; 
sulshi (yjCj^E) .9 ; dekishi (gUt) .v. 

Drown, t.v. mldzu de koro.iii ; obora- 

ed body, dekishinin (^?EA) J 


to attempt to one's self, 

mi uo natje-ru ; toshin (^9: Jl ) s. 

to be ed, v. Drown, i.v. 

to oiie's self, midzu ni halite 


to one's self in a well, ido 

ni haitte shinu. 

Drowsily, adv. nemu-so ni. 
Drowsiness, n. jiemutai koto. 

Drowsy, a. nemuiai. 

to be , nemugaru. 

Drub, t.v. ni/ho ico kuravxise-ru. 

Driirtge, i.v. mi ico ko ni s. 

Drudgery, n. honeori-sMgoto. 

Drug-, n. ki-gusuri ; yakuhin (^Sa) I 

dangerous s, geklyaku (glj 


Drugget, n. mseii (Mtt)- 
Druggist, n. ki-gusuriya ; yakushu- 

I>ruiii, n. taiko ; (shaped like an 
hourglass) tsudzwni ; (toy) denden- 
taiko ; (bound with cord, used by 
geisha) shime-daiko. 

of tbe ear, koshitsu {'^^)'; 

(tympanic membrane) komaku (g^ 
Drum, i.v. taiko ico tat(dcu, or idsu. 
Druiuuier, n. iaiko-tataki ; koshu 

Drumstick, u. iailco no hachi. 

Driuilc, a. to ba , sakeniyoite 


to be dead , .ihotai (Jfejl) 

naku yoife i-ru ; deisiii (ViWf) ni 
nalte i-ru ', drlsui shite i-ru. 

to get , .<iake ni you ; meiiei 


to get half , namayoi ni 


to get very , taisui {i^iffi) s; 

dzuhuroku ni you. 

Drunkard, n. noivlakure ; o-zake- 

Drunken, a. sake ni yotta ; meitei 

man, yopparai. 

Dry, a. kaicaita ; (of chmate) kans't 
(ll^) »<' ; (of grass, etc.) kareta ; (of 
Mane) amaku nai ; (dried, q.v.) in com- 
poTiiKls hi- ; hoshi- ; (fig., of persons) 
isnyake no nai ; (fig., of things, as 
books) mushumi (fetgt^) jia ; kanso- 
mumi Jia ; omoshii-omi no nai. 

goods, orimono ; tammono. 

goods shop, gnfukufen (^ 


measure, niasu. 

to be , kaicaite oru ; (thirsty) 

ica]nodo ga kaicaite om. 

Dry, t.v. (that which is wet) kaicaka- 
.<iu ; hosu ; (that which is moist) 

to in the sun, hinnta ni 


to not too near the fire, 

iobi de ahum. 

to one's self (with a towel), 

midzu ico fukl-toru ; karad'i ico 


to timber, zabnoku [i(^^) 

wo karasu. 

to up, karasu. 

Dry, i.v. kawaku ; hashagu. 

to up, (of a plant) kare-ru; 

(of a river, etc.) hi-ru ; hi-agaru ; 
(of a moat) kare-ru. 

Drying, n. kanso (^^) ; (in the 
shade) kage-boshi ; (after the wet 
season) mushi-boshi. 
.summer , doyo-boshi. 

Drying-ground, n. hoshiba. 

Drying-up, n. kokatsu (MiSi)- 

Dryness, n. (of climate) kansii ; (of 
manner) reitan (J-n"^)- 


[ 260 ] DUM 

I>lial, a control (of states), 

7iikakoJcu no kicawi (^iS)- 

the principles of nature. 

Dualism, n. nigenron (nTCtm) ; 
nishinkyo {Zl^t^); zen-aku (#^); 
(of nature) inyo (Ptig). 
Dubious, a. (not definite) nimai (Ig 

B^) »K/. 
Dubiously, adv. aimai ni. 
Dubiousness, n. aimai na koto. 
Dut'hess, n. kvshaku-fiijin (^^^ 

Duck, n. (tame) ahiru ; (do. as food) 
a'i'jnmo ; (fabric) kok-ura. 

Bombay , sayorl. 

like water off a 's back (of 

nu nnbeeded rebiake, etc.), uina no 
jniiiii ni nemont.iu (;St0J» ; haji-thfu 


mane ann , oshidori. 

to make s and drakes, 

midztikiri ico s. 

scaup , nakihajirn-gimo ; 


tufted , kinlcvro-hajiro. 

wild , kamo. 

l>uck, t.v. midzu ni tstJckomu. 

Duck-hunt, n. kamo-fjari ; kamo- 

Duclcwcetl, n. kinfiyomo (^'^}M)- 
Duct, n. kmla ; -kwan ; i\s, lach- 
rymal , ruikican (jg^). 

Ductile, a. (tractable) simao wt ; (of 
metals, etc.) yoJcii nobiru ; yoku hiki- 

Due, a. (proiier) soto (tB^) na ; (pay- 
able) hnrau-heki. 

a bill next month, rai- 

i/elsu-harai no iegata. 

how much is to you P 

ikvra anata )ii kari ga ariinatm ka. 

in form, seishUci (i£.s^) ni. 

the thanks of all are to 

you for this, kore tea mattaku 
anata no o kage da. 

the train is now , ki-s-ha tea 

mo kurujilAui da. 

to become for payment, 

bensaiki (^i^^) ni iiaru ; ica] 
shiharai 710 kicjen ga kxtru. 

to be to (caused by), ni,' 

yoni ; nijgen-in (^^H) ^ ; it; may 

be to the weather, ienki no 

sei, or kagen, ka mo shirenn. 

Due, adv. ma- ; sha- (IE). 
east, ma-higashi. 

Duel, n. hatas}ii-ai ; kelid. 

Duellist, n. kettdshn (J^t^*'). 

Dues, n. zei ; fukicakin (M.M^)- 

harbour , nyiikozei (Aj^'Fft)- 

tonnag-e , ionzei (>|H6t)- 

Dug-, n. chi-kubi. 

Dug-out, n. kuri-bww. 

Duke, n. Jooshaku (^fl) ; (with 
name) -ko. 

Dull, a. (of weather) tdtoshii ; (stupid) 
nibui; tonchi {f^j^) no ?iat ; oroka 
na; gu (,§,) na; (of places, etc.) 
omoshiroku nai ; (not bright) 
Icumotta ; (not lively) inki (i^^) na ; 
(of trade)/uAefA'i (^^S^) na. 

to be , (of a trade) fushin (/(^ 

^) de aru ; chituiei (vt§?) de aru ; 
(of a i^articular article of trade) 
tca]kiliai (^fill) ga icarui ; (of the 
share-market) bonyari de aru ; 
(clouded) knmotte i-rii. 

to get (of a colour), kuro- 


Dullness, n. (of wits) orokasn ; 

gudon (,#J6) ; rodon (^-H) ; (of 

trade) /u/ceifci {'^■^M)- 
Duly, adv. (correctly) soi (ffij^;) 

nakii ; (without fail) tashika ni ; 

masa ni ; kitto ; (proi^erly) shubi- 

Dumb-bell, n. * ; f arei. 

exercise, arei-faiso (ffiS&l 

Dumb-lbunderecl, a. to be , 

akire-ru ; akire-kaeru ; akkeni-iora- 

Diimb-iierson, n. oshi ; oshi. 
Dumb-shOAV, n. te-mane. 

dramatic performance, 

Dumpling-, n. dango (M^)- 


[ 201 ] 


Dun, t.v. ni/saisolcu (f^lS) s ; nl/ 
setis%(ku ; nijtokusoku (H^j^) s. 

to for, tco/saisoku s. 

to one for (a locin, subscrip- 
tion, etc.), nojmushi.n(M,'^\) iro s. 

Dun, a. ko(je-rha no. 

Duiioo, n. nl'jui mono ; nxike-saku. 

Dung", n. kuso ; fun. 

horse , ma-quso; hafun (,j^ 

Dunnag'e, n. skiki-ita. 

Duodecimo, n. (4.2"xG.2") shi- 
rokuhan (PM^^)- 

Duo(lcn»iin, n. junlihicho (-f^ntu 


I>U1>(', t.v. azamuku ; oton/d-ire-ru. 

J>UI»ICX, a. (of an engine) nlrenshikl 
(r JfJiSiV;) no ; (double) nijfi (~||) no. 

Duplicate, a key, al-kagi. 

in , nitsu (Hifli) ni shite. 

I>ui>licate, n. (of a clocnment) 
hikne ; fuknho)i {^^). 

Duplicate, t.v. (make anotlier coi^y 
ot)fnkusha (^M) s. 

to be d, nijil ni natte oru. 

I>upl i c i t y, 11 . faia-gokoro. 
I>ural>ility, n. viochi no ii koto. 
Durable, a. (wearing -well) modu no 
yol ; (permanent) eUq/n (tJc^) jio. 
to be , nagaku motsxi. 

]>uration, n. (term, in years) neiujen 
period of , sonzoku-kikan (fp 

mmm) [Civ. Co.]. 

During', prep, no alda ni\ with 
Chin, compotinds also -chu ; -ju {^); 

iis, dinner, gozen-chfi ; (through 

a period of) -/ani (^) ; as, one 

year, Ickinen-kan ; (in the course 
of) no nchi ni. 

Dusk, n. iasogctre ; kuregala ; yn- 
gitre ; hi no kure. 
after , hi ga kurete kara. 

Dusk, n. to grow , usu-guraku 


Dust, n. (se'itlel) gomi; (fine) c/iiri ; 
(in the streets, air, etc.) hokori ; 
(crumliled particles, as of tobacco) 
konn ; ko. 

all over , gomi-darake na. 

gold , sliaicin (^i^). 

to throw in the eyes of, 

iin'/m ICO kuramasu ; irolmanchaku 

Dust, t.v. no/gomi ico otosni, or hnrau ; 
(a room) hntaku ; (clean up) fi'iji (^ 

Dustbin, n. gomi-bako. 
Duster, n.fukin; zdkin [rough]. 
Dust-heap, n. haki-dame. 
I>usting:-brush, n. halaki; sai- 
hai ; (of feathers) hane-balaki. 

Dustpan, n. gomi-tori ; gomi-uke ; 

I>usty, a. hokori no oi ; (covered with 

dust) hokori-darake no. 

it is to-day, kyo ica hokori 

ga tatsu. 

to be , ni\gomi ga takaru. 

Dutch, a. Oranda no. 

Minister, Oranda-koshi. 

Dutch, n. (language) Oranda-go. 

I>utclinian, n. Orandajin. 

l>utiable, a. ynzei (>&i^) "''• 

goods, kwazeihin (ftStttw); 


Dutiful, a. (of children) oya-koico 
na ; (of a wife) ( ^t^) na ; tei- 
seisu (^Sii) na; mmio iadashii (of a 
retainer) chugi (,iS»^) na. 

to be .to one's parents, oya 

ni kbko (^ff) •^• 

Dutifulness, n. (of a child) oya-kZ- 
ko ', (of a wife) ieiso ; ieisetsu ; (of a 
retainer) chugi. 

Dutifully, adv. koko ni ; iciso ni ; 
(elsetsu ni ; viifao tadashiku ; chugi 

Duty, n. (moral obligation) michi ; 
homlnm (■^^) I gbnn (3|?HJ) ; as, 

the moral of man , nlngen no 

michi ; (legal obligation) ;/i7)ii( ; (ex- 
cise, tariff) zei ; (sum jmid as duty) 
zetVa'fi (tft&); (office) yaknme; 


[ 2G2 ] 


shokinnu (iSt!^) ! shokusho (|£^) ; 
isutome ; (one's particular charge) 

ies, (of a post) shokumu; 

shokitseki (BE^) ; (of a special ap- 

l)oiiitment) nhnmu (H:^). 

ad valorem , jilkazei (i^fU. 


Customs , or ies, kican- 

zvi ; kaikicanzei (j^^fft). 

of tlie samurai, bushidd (pi: 


point (of a policeman), iachi- 


the person whose it is to 

attend to that, sono knkarl no 

to be on , toban (^3f). or 

iochokti (S*J[), de ant. 

to be o£f , hiban (^3?) <le 


to do one's , homhitn tco 

fsukusu ; (officially) shohimm tco 

to go on , shukkin (HlJBj) •■«• 

to levy , ktcazei (Wkfk)s. 

to pay , zei too osame-ru ; no- 

'^ei {mm •«• 

specific Juryozei (i^Mffl:)- 

while on (of a policeman, 

etc.), kimmuchu (ffi^fji). 

t>uty-lree, a. miizei no. 

goods, menzelhm (ft^Sa) l 

nnizeihin (*g|ftu" )• 
Duty-free, adv. muzei de. 
Duty-paid, a. ^utzei-dzumi no. 
liwixrt', n. issiimboshi ; .<seibiku; tca'i- 

trees, tsuk-uri-mono. 

Dwell, i.v. sumu ; suinaii ; jukyo ((t 

Dwelliug:, n. sumai. 

house, kyotaku {^^). 

human ,jinlca (X^). 

Dwindle, i.v. heru ; gensho (J^'J?) s. 

Dye, n. .9ome-gi(siiri ; so7ne-ko ; some- 

ilane ; ganryo {M^)- 
D3'e, t.v. some-ru. 

d goods, some-mono. 

to be d, somant. 

to of various colours, 


Dyehouse, n. koya (^M) > some- 

Dyeing:, n. (act of) somemono ; (man- 
ner) .somekata. 

Dyer, n. somemonoya ; somemonoshi ; 

Dynamical, a. doryoku no; rikl- 
ijnku no. 

Dynamics, n. duryokugaku {i}}i3 

^) ; rikigaku (f}^). 
Dynamite, n. *. 
Dynamo, n. halsudenki (UH^). 

Dynasty, n. dai (f^) ; chd (^). 

northern and southern ies 

(of Japanese Emijerors iu the 14tli 
centun), namboknich') ([^Jk.^). 
T'ang , /5c/.5()J.VHii]). 

Dysentery, n. seklri (^^); ribyu 
(M^H) ; "kahura. 

DysmenorrlKBa, n. keihei (^Pfi) ; 

Dyspepsia, n. ijaku (^SD- 

DysiH?ptic, a. ijaku na. 

to be , tca]i ga icarui. 

Dyspn<x»a, n. ikiglre ; kok-yfi-konnan 


[ 263 ] 



Enchf a. (every) ono-ono no. 

is expr. by dzuisu or ate ni 

used as an adv.; as, 

cost a yen , ickiyen (—111) 

(hufsu kakaita. 

put two go into of these 

bottles, kono tokkuri ni nigo (n 
-J^) ate ni irero. 

individual, tneimei {^^); 


individual gives his own 

opinion, mehnei sono kangae tco 

other, tagai ni; ai-tagaini', 

us, are on bad terms with 

other, tagai ni naka ga warui. 

to abuse other (to a third 

j)erson), (ngni «t tcarukuchi tco 

other is also expr. by au 

suffixed to the indef . form of the 
verb ; as, 

to abuse other, tagai ni 

wariikm ii-au. 

to bite other, kumi-au. 

to emulate other, hari-an. 

to fall in with other, 


to glare at other, nivami- 


to hug other, daki-au. 

to meet other, de-au. 

time, maido [%]%). 

KaS'cr, a. nesshin (^<t>) na ; setsu 
(tji) na. 

to be , foil, by the inf. is 

expr. by -tagaru suffixed to the 
indcf. form and preceded by 
.shikiri ni. 

Eagerly, adv. skikiri ni ; nesshin 
(^.t>) 7ii ; fumpatsu (||$|) shite ; 
selsu {^) ni. 

to desire , hidoku hoshigani ; 

7iet.'ii(hd (iSlS) * ; katsubo (iSi^J ^■ 

Kas^viicss, n. 7iesshin (^.tt*) : /«m- 
l)atsu (^?^) ; ei-i (|ft^) ; (of desire) 
neistihi) ; katsubo (i^S)' 

Eagrle, n. icashi ; (aquila chrysoelins) 
inuicashi ; (halietns albicilla) ''jiro- 
tcashi ; (h. pelagicns) dwashi. 
where the carcass is there will 

the s be gathered togethe r, 

Icu.iai-mono ni hai ga takara. 

Eagrle-biizzard, n. kumataka. 
Eag'le-eyed, a. me no hayai ; na- no 
surudoi ; (fig.) keigan {^^k) no. 

Ear, n. mimi ; (of corn) ho. 

lobe of the , jida {J\-^i)\ 


praying to deaf s, uma no 

mimi ni nemhtdsu (;^^) ; baji-t'fu 

to be over head and sin 

debt, shakkin de mi-ugoki mo 

dekinai ; .shakkin de kttbi ga 


to be over head and .. .. s in 

love, rembo (^^) shite ur}i':ten 

{^^^) "i natte orn. 

to come to one's s, jhUi ni 

f%tre-ru ; miminihairu; v:o}mimini 
s [E siibj.-i-J. obj.] ;v:o]kiki-komu. 

Ear-ache, n. mimi-itami-Jitsil ( Jf-jfifi). 

Ear-rtriiin, n. komaku (^^). 

Earl, n. haku (\fy) ; hakushaku (ffllfj). 

Earlrtoni, n. hakushaku (ffiR)- 

Early, a. hayai ; (of fnfit or vege- 
tables) ha.shiri no ; hajime no. 

at the iest possible dato, 

ichi nichi mo hayaku. 

riser, or rising, haya-oki. 

" spring, haru no hajhtie; 

harusaki ; hatsidiaru. 

Early, adv. hayaku ; hayo. 

ier than usual, hayame nl. 

to get up , asa hayaku oki- 

ru ; haya-oki ico s. 

lilarii, t.v. moke-ru. 

how much do you in a 

day P ichi nichi (— H ) ni ikura ii.i 
kasegi ga am ka. 

to one's living, tosei (ifgilL") 

.s- ; yo-icatari a. 


[ 264 ] 


Kariiest, a. nesshin (^it») "« ; '>tes- 
sei (^1^) na ; sen-itsu (IJ— ) na ; 
setjitfni (ISK) "«; kyu-kya (Si-*) 

Earnest, n. (not jest) majhne; sh>n- 
jUsu (3ltS); seijitsu (ISJE) ; honki 

are you in in saying 

tliat ? sore wa majlme no o hcmashi 
de go2aimastc ka. 

money, tefsuke-kin (^^■^). 

to act in , (not in jest) shim- 

77i-?m»!oA:u (jgtffiS) ni yam; (reso- 
lutely) honki (il^M.) ^^ yam. 

Kariiestly, adv. (eagerly) issJtin (— 
iCO »(■ ; shin kara ; konkon (^ * ) to ; 
(in making a request) ori-itte ; (in- 
tently) isuku-dzuku to ; (of desire) 
sets-u (-m) ?ii ; (warmly) shikiri ni ; 
hiioe ni ; hiiasura ni ; (zealously) 
nesshin ni. 
to desire , seLsuho ( y] ^ ) s. 

Earnestness, n. nesshin (S^.t>) ; 
(serioiisness) seijittu. 

P^arningrs, n. shoioku (^^^■) ; 7«oA,e ; 
.vhi'iiiyu (44A) > nn-iri ; sakutokii (f^ 
frj ) [originally, of a peasant, as dis- 
tinguished from the land rent, i.e. 
lifter it has been paid]. 

Ear-pick, n. mimi-kakL 

Ear-ring, n. mimiica. 

Ear-sliell, n. aicahi. 

Ear-trumpet, n.j(7o (J(.^). 

Eartli, n. (astron.) chikyfi (JftS^) » 
(burrow) a)ia; (ground) ji (^) ; 
(soil) tsiichi ; (the world) sekai (^ 

heaven and , ienc/a (^Jft). 

Ear til, t.v. to up, isuchi-kau. 

Eartlien, a. dosei (±M) »o. 
pot, do-nabe. 

Eartlien-lioor, n. doma{±.^). 

Eartlienware, n. jiki (JSS§S) ; toki 

(PfilS) ; yakimono ; setomono ; (as 

opposed to porcelain) isrichi-yaki ; 

(itnglazed earthen vesfeel) kaicarake. 

vessel, dok-i (±S). 

Eartllly, a. (as opposed to heavenly) 
ukiyo (i^ift) no ; kono yo no ; qenze 
{^^) rio ; shaba (gi^-) no ; (carnal) 
joyoku (If^) no. 

Eartliqnake, n.jlshin (14^)- 

disaster, shinsai (§9c). 

gieat , d-jishin. 

slight , bishia(^M)- 

there is an , jishin (/a yurti, 

or s. 

EartliAvork, n. doko (±X). 

Eartliworm, n. mimidzu ; memedzu 

Ear-wax, n. mimi-aka ; mimi-kuso. 

Earwig") n- hasami-mushi. 

Ease, n. (freedom from toil) raku 
(^) ; uni-ftku (^I5i) ; (of mind) an- 
shin {'ic.t') ; (Diki {'icM.)', a,ndo ($:^). 

at one's , (freely) jiyfi (^^) 

ni ; jizai {^:^) ni; (without cere- 
mony) enryo (j^fg) 

march at I michi ashi. 

to feel at (mentally), ans/uM 

(^iC>) s; ando (^^) s; kokoro 
\co yumsu. 

to take one's , asomle oru. 

stand at ! yasume. 

with , nnn naAr«; raku ni. 

with the greatest , raku- 

raku (Ig <r ) to. 

Ease, t.v. (give freetlom of move- 
ment to) yuriime-ru. 
to pain, (by distracting at- 
tention) itami ico mat/irasu; (by 
treatment) itami tco yiniime-ru. 

to the mind of, ni/anshin 

(^<C>) sase-m ; nijaivlo ($i#) sase- 
ru ; kiraku (^|jj) ni sase-ru. 

Easement, n. jiyakken [JftfS!^) 
[Civ. Co.]. 

P^asily, adv. (of a machine) 'juai 
yoku ; (smoothly) rak%i ('^) ni; yasu- 
yasu to ; (without diflSculty) yasuku ; 
tayasuku ; iegaruku ; nan (|^) naku ; 
zosa (xaf^) '"^ naku ; trake naku ; 
raku ni ; yoi ni [generally used ^\•ith 
the neg.]. 

that is done (in reply to a 

request), sore tea o yasui <jo yii de 


[ 265 ] 



Easiness, n. (freedom from dif- 
ficulty) tayasui koto ; y'n {^$3) na 
koto ; (freedom from distress) an- 
raku (-ix^) ; ittutsa ('^jg). 

East, n. hhjaslil ; tolJ) {'^'}i). 

and west, tozai (^fS)- 

wind, hu/ashi-kaze; kochi. 

the , Toyo(^m. 

the Far , Kyokutr, (^i;^) ; 

Zetld (*gm). 

East<'r-«lay, n. fukkicatsiijltsu ({g 


Easter-eve, n. fiikkKaisu-zenjUsu 

Easter-week, n. Monday in 

, fukkicaisitgo-getsuyohi (f^fS" 


Easterly, a. (from the east) hUjashl 
no ho kara no ; (of asi>ect) Jdijashi 
muki no; (toward the east) hi'jashi 
no ho e no. 

Eastern, a. h'Kjashi no ; toko (M'JJ) 

countries, toyo-shokoku (^ 

the provinces of Japan, 

kwanti) (MM)- 

the question, toi/omonilal 


Eastward, adv. hi<ia.<ihi no ho {"jj) e ; 

ioho (MU) f- 
Easy, a. yasui ; z<isa (iSf^) 
mo nai ; tayasui ; yasashii ; icake 
mo 7uti ; (informal) iegarui ; (of a 
person's carrit^e) shvlzuka na ; yutiari 
to .shita ; (of behaviour) kazari no 
nai; katakuruahiku nni ; (of writing) 
hei-i (■^^) na ; (smooth) raku (*g) 

before a verb in Eng. is exp. 

by -yasui, or -yol, affixed to the 
indef. form of the verb. 


to bear, shinoiji-yaatd. 

to learn, ohoe-yasui. 

to understand, icakari- 


an mind, aiishin ('iC-'t')- 

money is , kinyn (^^) ira 

kicammaii (3^14) ''"' "'"<'■ 

to be in mind, anshin s. 

I^asy-goingf, a. nonki na. 

Eat, t.v. (abe-ru ; kun [valgar, but 
now in everyday use] ; (polite) 
agaru ; meshingaru ; (of animals) 

won't you anything P wiui 

mo o atjari nasahnaseau ka. 
thank you, I will noth- 
ing, arir/ato, wud mo itadaki- 

Eat, i.v. faheru. 

to into, nijkui-komu. 

Eatables, n. tahe-mono ; kui-mono ; (:^4l5) ; shokuyohin {'^^ 

n"„); shokuhin {■^St)- 
Eatable, a. is expr. by the potential 

of the verb to Eat. 

Eater, n. great , (aishoku (iic 

■^) no hito ; oijnrai. 

small , nhoshokn (^^) no 


Eatiii^-lioiise, n. (for coolies, etc.) 

meshi-ya ; izaka-ya [the lowest 
class] ; (general) rydriya (^3gjg) ; 
kappoten (flJ^/£) ; inshok:^tien (fi^;^ 
/S) ; (high-class) kicaiseki-riforiteii 
(^l^MW^) ; (on wheels) yatdi-mise. 

Eaves, n. noki ; noki-saki. 

Eavesdrop, i.v. tachi-giki too s. 

Eaves-«lr<»i>i>er, n. iarhigiki-te. 

Eaves-^lroppiiigr, n. tarhigiki. 

Ebb, i.v. hiku ; hi-ru. 

Ebb-ti<le, n. hik!-.<ihio ; taic?tZ (ig 

Ebisus sa^aiuiiis, abura-bozu. 

Ebony, u. kokniaa (^^). 

Ebullition, n.futto mm)- 

to give way to an cf tem- 
per, ikari too hassunt. 

Eccentrie, a. (ftiJJS) na; 
hen wi ; henleko jw< ; ippH-k-awafta ; 
jogi (/^?k) ni had'urete ont ; hempeki 
m^) na. 

person, hemljutsu ((£34:^9); 

hcnjiii (IliJA); katcari-mono ; kijin 

Eccentrieally, adv. henkuisu (jy 
]@[) ni; hcideko ni ; ippii-katcaite ; 
jogi ('j^A<) ni hadzurete; hen{^) ni. 


[ 266 ] 


Kccentricity, n. henkutsu (MW.) ; 
hempeki (i^^) ; ippft (— ®.) l^(ncnt(a 
koto; jogi (^?K) ni hadzurete iru 
koto ; kiheki (^^) ; (of orbit, etc.) 
he»sh]nrits\i (yit»^) ; shinsaritsu 

Ke<'h'.siastos, n. dendo ((^iS) no 

lOf'oU'siiistic, n. (Biultl.) hoshi (J^ 
(lip) ; hrau (tjj±) ; (Christian) denk-yo- 
■s!>i m^m); denddshi (mMM) ; kyo- 
sli! (ficllili) ; (Shinto) shinkican (^p|i 
'iV) ; kannushi. 

Eofhvsiastical, ft. (Budd.) shfikyo- 
j<'> (Snl5t_h) tw, (Christian) kyljkicai 
(f5c#) '*« : (Shinto) shfishijo (^g-Ji) 

ICclicioii, n. /e(7at (tSBx)- 

to advance in , ieishin (1^ 

]*X'Iio, n. ijniii't-hiko ; hihiki ; han- 

l''y'> (/xtf) ; kodnmu. 

there is an , kodama nl hibi- 


to be (iinother's) (of n toady), 

o Uiiko ICO tatakii. 

I'k'Iiu, i.v. hiJiilcH ; hankyo {1^^) v. 

lOchlt, n. (of a ix;rformance) i'Kleki; 

(of an entertainment, etc.) (aiso (j*c 

ffl) ,M keiki (^U.)- 
the ball went off with, great ... 
.... hutokicai (J!|R5#) tea taiso (;A: 
fll) 71(1 keiki {^M.) f?e atta, na- 
kanak(( seiktral (^■^) dafta, or 
sitkan datta. 

Eclectic, n. setchfika (^M^)- 
Eclectic, a. setcfift (l^g[) no. 
Eclectically, adv. /fetckfi (^^) shi- 
te ; slnishu (JU|%) .s/a7e. 
Eclecticism, n. seMuiho (t^HiS); 

setchu-shnfji (^jg±jg). 
Eclipse, n. annular ,kinJacan- 

shoku (±m.W}- 

of the moon, ijesshoku; 

gvcasshoku ( ^ 14). 

of the sun, nisshoku ( fj). 

total , kaiki-shoku (-g-gSM)- 

total of the moon, ijes- 


Eclipse, t.v. to be d (fig.), crca- 

rete oni. 

Ecliptic, n. kicodo (^IH). 

inclination of the plane of the 

, kicodo Jio keisha (ft^l^). 

plane of the , kicodomen (^ 


Ecouoiuical, a. kenynku (f^tl'j) '*" '> 
.sekken (ffiS^) na ; (of a person only) 
udiiba wi ; tsumasldi ; (iiertaining to 
economics) keizaijo (iS.^ h) no ; kei- 
zaikai (m.^^) no; riznijo (^M ±.) 
no ; keizfii (iffiiif) no ; keiziiiteki (^^^ 
t!'\) no. 

spirit, kenyakushin (t«ti<j.t')- 

Economically, adv. kenyakn (^^^j) 
ni : sekkoi. (©j^) .s/((7e ; tsumasUihTi ; 
nchiha ni ; (pertaining to economics) 
keiznikal (IS^^If-) </e ; keiz/iijo de ; 
rivtijo (3Ht Ji) f?e ; keizaiteki ni. 

Economics, n. keizairiaku {^^f^) ; 
rizni'jaka (3||W^). 

Economize, i.v. kenyuku (|^i'j) 6-; 
.^ekken (fflf^) s ; <s«»c tco liabv.ku ; 
.-ielsufjeii (gfliS) 4r. 

Economize, t.v. kenyakn (f|i$'j) s; 
.sekken (Sl!f^) s ; ftera-t^i ; hnhidxu ; 
tsudzunie-i"u ; .<<ets%ujen (gJjilS) .s. 

Ec(»nomy, n. kenyakn {^^i^'.)) ; sek- 
ken (^t^); .'icisuden iM^lH). 

political , kclzai'jakit (ifS.^ 

f^S) ; rizairjaku (iSH-fffJl). 

Ecstasy, n. (of joy) mngen (Mi9i) no 
kicanki (flc^) ; kagiri no nai yoro- 
kobi ; b-yorokobi ; (state of 
hoshi II (')- 

E«i<ly, n. xidzumaki ; gyakuryu (j^wK) ; 
(of wind) tsumvji-kaze ; kama-kaze ; 
[an eddy of •n-ind is sometimes per- 
sonified under the name of kama- 

Eddy, i.v. udzumaku ; megnru. 
Edgre, n. (of a clifiE) kishi ; (of a cup) 
fuchi ; (of a Imife) ha ; (of a table, 
etc.) fuchi ; (of cloth) Jtashi ; heri ; 
(of i)aj)er) hashi. 

of the sea, kaihen. 

of the water, midzu-yiica. 

gilt s (of fi book), kimbuchi. 



[ 287 ] 


to give an to a knife, jviifu 

ni ha ko tsuke-ru, or tate-nt. 

to set the teeth on , ha ico 


to test the of a sword, 

Idre-aji wo tamesu. 

E<l8"e, t.v. (border) nijiien ico tsuke-ru. 
two d, moroha no ; rydba no. 

Edge, i.v. to away from, kara/ 

yoko ni doku. 

to up, (to a person) ni/suri- 

yoru ; (on one's knees) Mm ico 

Eclg'eless, a. (blunt) ha no iatle inai ; 
nibui ; namatte orv. ; (without edge) 
ha no nai. 

Ertg'O-tool, n. haraono ; rlki (?lj||). 

Eclgewortliia papyrifera, mi- 


Edging, n. (of braid) .lasa-heri; v. 
ali-o Edge. 

Edible, a. kurawareru ; taherareru ; 
shokumotsu [%S^/jj) ni naru. 

seaweed, (araria pinnatifida) 

icakame ; (laminaria jajxinica) 
komhu ; (laver) nori \arame, zem- 
niai and hijiki are other sj)ecies]. 

Edict, n. fukoku (;fii 'Jf ) ; furei (;f[i^) ; 

kokuji (ff^^) ; ofure. 

Imperial , chokurei (%'%■); 

(of Emperor of China) joj/u (.h^). 
Edification, n. kybkun (ficllll) ; 

kywlo mm); J^^e'dekl (^Ji). 
Edifice, n. tatemono; iaieya; ken- 

chikuhutsu (^^41;)). 
Edify, t.v. michibiku ; kybkun (ffefll) 

s ; icybdb (ifc^) -v ; keiteki {>^fi^) s. 
I^jdit, t.v. (a newspajier) hennhu (^ 

$"f ) *■ ; (compile) hensan (|^^) s. 
Edition, n. han (JK) ; shuppnn ([tj 

JIS) ; kajikb (flj^f) ; inkd (E[J^). 
first , shohan (^;]IK); dm-ippaii 

new , shimpan (SfdlS)- 

second , saihan {^f^) ; nihan 

EiHtor, n. kisha (|B^) ; henshunin 
(lifitA); (compiler) sensha (M^); 

hensansha (|i^^) ; (of a newspaper) 
shimhun-kisha (IfffflaE^)- 

chief ...... (of a paper), shuhitsu 


Editorial, n. sha.<ieisu ($fc^) ; ron- 

setsu (i^M)- 

Educate, t.v. (bring up) sodaiem ; 
yoiku (^^) s ; kyoyo (Ifeft) .s ; (train) 
shikomu ; shitsuke-ru ; oshieru ; kyb- 
iku (tfe pf ) ■« ; kybkun (ffepl) s ; -fkanyb 
m^) .s ; t toya im'ia) ?■ 
a person d at Univer- 
sity, daigaku .ihusshin ( {U ^ ) 

no mono. 

to the eye, (fig.) me wo age- 

ru ; (lit.) me wo tsuyoku s. 

Educated, a. kybiku no am ; gaku- 
.<ihiki (^Uj) no am. 

Education, n. (at school) kyb- 
iku ; (bringing up) sodaie ; ybiku ; 
kybyb ; (by the good example of 
another) t kanyb ', f tbya ; (training) 
shikomi ; shitsuke ; oshie ; kybkun ; 
(way of) sodate-kata ', shikomi-knta ', 
ybikuhb (^W^) '■> Jcybybhb ; kybilcu- 
Department of , Mombushb 

military , gunji-kybiku i^^- 

Minister of , Mombu-daijin 


Educational, a. kybiku no ; kybkun 


matters, gakujl (^^). 

section of affairs, gnkumu- 

kwa im^m- 

Educationalist, n. kybikuka (tkW 


Eel, n. unagi. 

broiled s, unagi no kabayaki. 

conger , anago. 

restaurant, unagi-ya. 

s and rice, unagi-meshi [only 

when served in some utensil], 
electric , denkirunagi. 

Eel-spear, n. unagi-tsuki. 

Eel-trap, n. do ; (basket) uke. 
to set an , do wofu.te-m. 


[ 2G8 1 


Kftaco, t.v. iomatsu (^ft) s ; kesu ; 
iori-kesii ; massatsu (ft^S) ^ J (^' ^ 
mental impression) sufete shimau ; 
icnsitrete shimau ; (rub out) kedzunt. 
to become d, kie(e kuru. 

Kftaceinent, n. forl-keshi ; n»a.«- 
saiftti ; and equiv. of Efface foil, by 

Effect, n. (consequence as opp. to 
cause) kekkvxt (!^^) ; (fruit) shini- 
shi; jikkd (S«i); koken (^JEftjgt) ; 
(manner of affecting) eikyo (^^f) ; 
sashi-hibiki ; (of a iminting) e-guai 
(SX^) ; gmiyo (Srf$) ; (of medicine) 
kikl-iue ; kom (^|)g) ; shirushi ; yak- 
^'^ (HS^) ! (sensational) mie ; gicaiken 
(^a); (vaUdity) koryokn mU) ', 
(result) sei (ft) ; as, 

it must be the of having 

given way to the temperature, 

jiko (nj-gt) ni makela sei daro. 

of no .J yo ni tatanu ; yaku ni 

intniuti ; koryokn no nni ; »iwA-o (h| 

i^) no. 

to come into (of Liws), ji.s- 

s/ii (5KJfli) ni narii ; shiko (jfiff ) 


to do for , )/t(e ni s. 

to give to, tcojtori-okotmu; 

trn s/,;hku (ftff ) s ; (of a law) 

jiklS) C^ff ) *■ ; shiko (Iftff) .V ; 

jis.shi (KJS) s ; jissai ni okonau. 

to have an on, nijeikijo tro 


to take , (of medicine) klku ; 

(legal) koryoku wo shoji-i'u. 

words to that , sono imi no 

kolo^'ti . 

Kffect, t.v. (iiccomplish) shi-loge-rv. ; 
joju (JSJtSt) saserii ; h/itasu ; (cause) 
suru ; itasu ; nasxi. 

Effective, a. yui-yokic {^i}) na ; yu' 
ko (^i^) na; kiku; kikime no aru; 
kono ('fdit^) no ant. 

to be , yd (^)ni tat.tu ; yaJcu 

ni {atsu ; wa]kai ga aru. 

Effects, n. (baggage) nimotsu (i^lJ)) ; 
(property) zaisan (fttM) ; shoyfthin 

Effectual, a. jilbun {^■^) na ; (of 
medicine) kiki no yoi ; yi'iko (^JSf|) 
no ; jikko (%ith) no aru. 

Effectually, aAv.jubun ni ; ynkij ni. 

Effectuate, t.v. no'jitsu uo aneni. 

Effeminacy, n. nyujaku (SS?) ; yajfi 
(®3«) ; memeshisa. 

Effeminate, a. nyiljakn (S§?) no ; 
onnarashii ; yt'iju (®^) nn ; meme- 
shii ; (in appearance) nyaketa. 
to be , nynke-rn. 

Effervesce, i.v. aimdafsu ; fuMv (j^ 

m) ^^ ; (fig.) hoki imm) v. 

ing drink, futfosni ( j!flJl^/K)- 

ing powder, fu!tds>ni (i^^ 

Effervescence, n. aira ; (act of) 
equiv. of Eflfervesce foil, by kolo. 

lOffervesceiit, a. equiv. of Effer- 
vesce usetl as an adjective. 

Effete, a. (of a government) otoii->€ta ; 
seiryoku i^i]) no tsukitn ; (of a 
nation) suibi (ii^) shita. 
old and , olhoreta. 

Efiicacious, a yiiko ( ^4J[|) „(> ; yu- 
ryoku {^ij) no ; jikko CM^) " ' '"" ; 
koryoku {^i}) no ai-u; kono (4)1^) 
no aru ; (of medicine) kihm ; kikime 
no aru ; yuko no ; jikko no aru ; 
/i5»5 710 aru. 

Efficaciously, adv. yuko ni ; jikk'* 
afte ; koryoku atte ; kono atte. 

l^Ifficacy, n. yilko ; yuryoku ; kii- 
ryoku ; jikko ; kono ; kikime ; (of 
prayer) reigen (S^l^) ; rlyaku (fiJS). 

Efficiency, n. jitsuryoku (S/j) ; 
yuko ; yuryoku (W^) 5 koryoku {i)i 

Efficient, a. iki-todoita ; (of iiensons) 
yaku (Q) ni tatsu ; yo {fl\) ni tutsu ; 
(of remedies) tekito (>8^) na \ kikime 
no aru. 
to be , iki-fodoku. 

Effiyry, rx. zo {ff^) ; gOzd 
Efflorescence, n. (ch(jm.)/(V/t;c ifun 

Effluvium, n. shtdci (^M.) I aku.thn 


[ 2G9 ] 


EflFort, n. hone-ori; jinryoku {^f}) ; 
doryoku (^fj) ; henrei (^K) ; bimben 


by human , hito no chikara 


in the of, foil, by a parti- 

cij)le is expr. by totan ni after the 
pres. indie. 

in spite of all s, iroiro jin- 

vyoku shite mo. 

to concentrate one's s, cld- 

kara ico tsukusu ; sei-ippai {1^— 
3S) yam. 

to make an , chikara ico 

komc'i-u ; sei {j^) ico dasu. 

Kffroiitery, n. atsukamashii koto ; 
teisumempi (WLMA) '< harenchi (1^0 
5it) ; zCaiishisa. 

Kffiilg'euce, n. kagayaki ; kicoki 


Kffulg-eiit, a. kicoki ("HM) no am. 

to be , kagayaku; pika-pika 


Kftlisioil, n. nagare-deni koto ; i-yfi- 
shv.tsu {^^) ; ha.<ishutsu (^ffl); (of 
manner) chbchoshii koto. 

of blood on the brain, no- 

ikkefsu (aSiSlfiL). 
Kft'lisive, a. (of manner) dwclioshii ; 
konkon (jft * ) tani. 

KfFii.sively, adv. chdchoshiku ; kon- 
kon to ; doku-doku to. 

Eft'iisivencss, n. v. Eflfusion. 

Kg'g", n tainago ; (of fish) ko. 

fowl's , niiratori no tamago ; 

keiran (||5H). 

hard-boiled , ude-tnmago. 

silkworm's card, tane- 

gand ; sanrannhi (^^jijjift). 

silkworm's , kaiko notane; 


soft-boiled , tamago no luin- 

iuku (^^) ; hanjidcu ' (^^) no 


to lay 8, (of a bird) tanuigo wo 

■umu ; (of a fish or insect) ko ico 


EgSj t.v. to on, hagemasu ; oda- 


to on a quarrel, kenlaca {\^ 

#) ''"0 fukkake-ru. 

JEggr-plailt, n. Tiasu ', nasuhi [Kyoto]. 

Egrg-sUell, n. tamago no kaica ; 
tamago no kara. 

porcelain, usude-setomono. 

empty , kara no tamago. 

Eg'oisni, n. (as opp. to altruism) riko- 
shugi (fljEi^) ; rikoshin (^IJEL-tO ; 
aiko-shin (^cl.C>). 

Egotism, n. umihore; jifu (^M.)i 
jiman ( l^H) ; komaa (^1g) ; riko (fij 
^]; shuga(±^). ■ 

Egotist, n. nnuhore-te ; jifitsha {fyfl 
^);jimansha (^H^) ; jisonka ( ^ §t 
^); tengu (^'^) [vulg.] ; g-iri-giri 
moja mn'i '^t:*) [vulg.]. 

Egotistical, a. umihoreta; jifano; 
jiman no ; koman na ; (opp. of alt- 
ruistic) r(fco?efci (flJ2.6^j) wi ; shiiga- 
teki {^Mtl^) na. 

to be , unuhore-m ; jifu s; 

jiman s. 

Egotistically, adv. umihorete ; jifu 
shite ; jiman 7ii ; koman ni ; rikotekl 
)ii ; shugaieki ni. 

Egregious, a. (in a bad sense) hijo 
(^^)no; gyosan (jf}f\!L\) na ; ha)xa- 
hadashii ; iyo (^t*) ^^x ; (of a blun- 
der) bakageta. 

Egregiously, adv. hijd ni ; ha)ia- 
hadashiku ; gyosan ni. 

Egress, n. deru koto. 

and ingress, de-hairi; de- 

iri ; shutsu-»yu ({HA)- 

place of , deguchi. 

Egret, n. chilsagi ; .shima-meguri. 

buff-backed , amasagi. 

great , daisagi. 

little , shirasagi ; kosagi. 

Eigllt, n. yatsn ; hachi ( A) ; (in 

counting) ya. 
Eigllt, a. yatsn no ; ya ; hachi. 
Eighteen, n.jiViachi (-f-A). 

Eigllteeiltli, a. (in order of place) 
juhachi-bamme no ; (in order of time) 
juhachi-dome no ; jiViachi-tabime no. 
Eigliteentli, n. (fraction) jfihachi- 
bim no ichi. 

the (of the month), jtlhachi 



[ 270 ] 

iEigfhtfold, a. hachibai (A^) no ; 
hfissobai (AMia) no. 

Kiglitb, a. (in order of pLace) dai- 

hachiban (^A^) no ; kachibamme 

no ; yatsume no ; (in order of time) 

finrhidome no ', hachitabime no. 

first day of the month, 

Kij^litll, n. (fraction) hacJiibun no 
the (of the month), yoka. 

KijUfhtlily, adT. dai hachi ni ; dai 
hacfiibamme ni. 

I'^ig^htietll, a. (in order of place) 
h tcliiju-bamme no ; (in order of time) 
fi(trhiju-tabime no ; hachiji'i-dome no. 

Kijfhtieth, n. (fraction) hachijiVntn 
IM ichi. 

Kiglity, n. hacldju (Ai*). 

Kither, a. and pron. (both) rybho (^ 
')j) no ; sbho (t83^) no ; (one of two) 
dochira de mo ; idzure mo no. 

Kitlier, conj or, A:a 


you must hand over the 

goods or pay the money, shina- 
iiinno too vxitami ka kane uo fiarau 
ka .shinakereba naranu ; [after the 
first ka, aruiw%, or mata tea, is often 

Kjaciilate, t.v. zekkyb (IgluH * ; omo- 
ic ;<hu koe uo dasu. 

Kjat'ulation, n. zekkyb (i^ttxy) ; (in- 

tei jection) kantbshi {fUtycM)- 
Kjoct, t.Y. (a person from an official 
ix)st) mencftufs-u ($£SJ) s ; (drive out) 
libchiku (J!f5c^) s ; oi-dasu ; opparau ; 
Jiinseki {^}^) s ; kuchiku (K2S) *' '■> 
(evacuate) haisetsu (fft^) s. 

to blood, (from the anus) 

tjeketsu (Tjfll) ^ ; (from the mouth) 

ioketsu (Ifhlfil) .1. 

to from the mouth, haki- 


lyectiou, n. hbchiku (j&JS) ; oppa- 
rai; hinseki (i^Jf:) ; kiichiku (igjE); 
(act of) equiv. of Eject foil, by 
koto ; (evacuation) haisetsu (^ff) ; 
(of a i^erson from a post) menc/iiUsu 


; (of blood from the anus) 76- 
ketsti CflfiL); (of blood from the 
mouth) tokeisu (iJfcjfii). 

Eke, t.v. to out, oginau ; tasu. 

to out a scanty living, 

hoso-boso kurashi ico iate-ru ; romei 
iM^) ""0 tsiniagu. 

Elaborate, t.v. jien tco irete tsukuru ; 
honeotie koshiraeru ; tansei ( fl-^) 
shite tsiikuru. 

Elaborate, a. komakai ; nea (,t;) no 
itta ; kushin (^.t<) no ; saimitsu (Jj| 
^') na ; memmiisxi (|8^) na ; shZsai 
[mV^)no; seikb (l^iS) no. 

workmanship, chimitsu (ifi 

^) na saiku. 

Elaborately, adv. kormka ni ; sai- 
nuisu (iB&') ni ; memmitsu (iRS^) ni ; 
.sluisai (f^iiM) ni j seikb (l^i^) ni ; 
tansei (f^^) shite; kiishin (?|=.t^) 

Elaborateness, n. saimitsti ; mem- 
7nifsH ; seikb. 

Elaboration, n. equiv. of Elabo- 
rate foil, by koto. 

Elapse, i.v. suqi-saru ; tatsu ; keikica 

many years zaust , yohodo 

no toshi tco tsumanakereba luiranii. 
time 8, toki ga tatsu. 

Elastic, a. sldnshuku-jizfii [filJ^fiSifit] 
no; kusshin-jizai (JS^^it) no; 
danryoku (^-fi) no aru; danryokfisH 
(W-lh\i) no ; (accommotiating, in bad 
sense) fsugb no yoi. 

band, gomu-ica. 

braid, gomu-sanada. 

to be , (as, of India rubber) 

nobi-chijimi s ; (as, of ivory) hane- 


side boots, fuka-gomn no 


Elasticitj-, n. danryokushitsn (jfL 

Elated, a. to be , Hara; Uci- 

ybyb (MM.1i^ * ) '« shite om ; tokui- 

Elbow, n. hiji. 

at one's , tejika ni. 


[ 271 ] 


Klbow, i.v. hiji-deppo s; hijl de 

l<}Uler, n. (tree) repr. by nUcatoko. 

KUleVf n. (older person) toshi-ue no 

Jdto ; chosha {^^) ; nenchosha (^ 

^^) ; sempni (:Jfe|g) ; (of a church) 

du/ro (:S^)- 
Elrter, a. toshi-ue no ; nencho 

(if.^) no. 

brother, md ; anisa.n ; o ani 

sama [pol.] ; aniki [vulg.]. 

sister, ane ; anesan; o ane 

aama [pol.] ; anego [vulg.]. 

he is the , ano kata ua toshi 

<ja lie da. 

lihlerly, a. kanari toshi ico totia ; 
rhfinen ico sugita ; toshiyori ni 

Eldest, a. ichiban toshi ico totta ; 
toshi no ichihan we no ; toshi no 
ichiban oi. 

brother, ichiban no ani. 

daughter, chop {^ic ) ; 

soryd-musume ; ane-musume. 

son, soryo (^,§M) musuko ; 

chonaa {^^). 

sister, ichihan no ane. 

Elecampane, n. mokkbkwa (?|<: 

Elect, t.v. erahu ; e-inc ; eri-nuku ; 
senkyo ()MWf) s ; (to an oflScial post) 
sennin (iSl£) •**• 
to be ed, tosen ("^11) s. 

lillection, n. senkyo (iS$:) ; nlnsen 
( AiS) ; (act of) eqniv. of Elect foil. 
l)y koto ; (pnblic) kosen (■S-iM)- 
bye , hokefsH-senkyo C^iji: 


general , so-senkyo ($§.iS^). 

interference with the s, 

senkyo-kdnsho (iS^Tt5b)- 
l^lectioneer, i.v. senkyo ni shusen 

(If^W) •« ; senkyo nijinryokn (MiJ) s ] 

.senkyo ni honso (^^) s. 

Electioneering-, n. equiv. of 
Electioneer foil, by koto ; senkyo- 
urulo (il^Mli!)- 

tour, senkyo-yuzifi (Ig^ 


Elector, n^.«e/(A-i/o(i(H (iS^A); sen- 

Electorate, n. senkyo-ySkensha (-38 

Electric, a denki (H^) no ; denki 

icofukumeru ; denki ico okosn. 

current, denryii (^^). 

engineer, denki-kogaknahi 

(mM.T.f%±) ; denki-gishi (^^ 


engineering, denki-kogaka. 

light, denkitb {M.WM) ; deiUo 

railway, denki-tetsudd (f^fgi, 


telegraph, denshin-ki (^ 

light company, dentb-fprii- 

sha (l:g!t«fc)- 

Electricity, n. denki. 

conductor of , dbdeniai (^ 

dynamical , ryfiki-den (f/& 

power house, hatsudensho. 

galvanic , ryiidenki (?$^|?f ) '■, 

shitsu-denki (M^it)- 

negative , iivlenki (l^^'ig^). 

positive , yddenki (^^M.)- 

science of , denki-gaku (^ 


Electrity, t.v. ni/denki iro tsOji-iu ; 
ni/denki wo kakeru ; (fig.) }>nndo 

Electro, a dynamics, <?e/Jii- 

ryoku-gaku (^B-iJ^. 

kinematics, denki-undo- 

gaku (mMMmm- 

Electrolysis, n. denki-bunseki (^^ 

Electro-magnet, n. denki-jiteisa 
(VE#A.?^ic) ; denjiieisu {^WM)- 

Electro-niag-netism, n. deiyigaku 
C^mm ; denjiki {f^^W. 

Electrometer, n. sokudenki (JRj 


Electro-plate, t.v. denki-mekki ni 

s ; denki-tokin (I^U^^) ni s. 
Electro-plated, a. denkl-mekki no. 
Electro-plating-, n. denki-mekki. 
Electroscope, n. kendenki (^^flE^). 


[ 272 ] 


Electrotype, n. dempan (^RR) ; 
denki-ban {^m.f&)- 

Electuary, n. neriyaku (iilB)- 

Eleeiuos3'iiar3'» a- j'z«» (Sl#) «'> ; 
hodokoahi no ; kyvjutsu ($Jctfi) "O. 

Elegauce, n. (of apjiearance, etc.) 
himyo (Hi^) ; yiVn (®9I) ; /ticorei 
(WM) ' (of language, etc.) (lachl {f^ 
i5:) ; (of manners) gachi (JjtiS:) 5 '""»- 

Elegant, a. (of persons) iki (M,MJ) 
7ia ; j/M'>i (ft^) 7irt ; (of style, etc.) 
t/achi (JjfeS:) «a ; (of things) kb-ei (Sf 
ji|[) na ; /ro-yw (HLiJK) na ; kicaU (^ 
51) ; koslio (i^^) na ; rtriacashii. 

Eleg-aiitiy, adv. htcai-ei ui ; kicabi 
(^Jl) ).;; iiachi (JdSc) jii; bimyo 
(Ilii') "* ■. kosho (iS^) '"' ; «nnc«- 
«/* ; 2/r//;i (ffH) «i. 

Elegy, n. fn7.v( (^S^). 

Eleiueut, n. (of nature) <7e)iso (SC 
jg) ; f/e)(.s74i7.«H (^S) ; 'jenseibun (ft 
^fi') ■> (proper sphere) seibiin (J^3") ; 
ijenshilau (j&i^) ; tnocfihmie. 

he is in his when talking 

politics, fteijiilan {^^^) """ "/lO 

/()7i) MO ?o^-.;," (f§.;f;) </'<. 

nutritive , eiyCJjun (SfH^). 

the five s, f/of/i/u ( 

to be in one's , titorhlmae ni 

teki (iiS) .S-. 

Elementary, a. (of learning) sfto- 
fjaku (^■^) no ; shoho (%^) no ; 
.sfiokyn (^®) >iO ; (simple) tanjun 
(WM) no. 

education, shoto-kyoikn (^ 

text-book, shoto-kyokicasho 

Elements, n. (first principles) genri 


Elephant, n. zo ($^). 

white , hakiizo (fijgl); (fig.) 


Elephantiasis, n. zdhibyd (ft^ 

^) ; kessetsurai (ij^fflJIB). 
Elevate, t.v. arie-ru ; (a person) toyd 

Offl) s; shdkyti (^ft) s«se-nt; 

sAo/o (^^) sase-j-H ; (raise from a 
low state) takameni ; kdsJio d*^) ni 
.V ; (the voice) age^ru ; haru. 

Elevation, n. iakasa ; (a high 
place) takami ; oka ; kodakai tokoro ; 
(in astronomy) k5do (Ififg) ; (in 
gonneiy) gydkaku (V^f^)', (of a 
person) toyd ; .shoid ; (of character) 
kosho {M^)l kedakai koto. 

area of (barometrical ), koki' 

fil'O' (^illE) no kuiki (Ei^). 

Elevator, n. shokoki (^^S). 

Eleven, n.jaichi (■f'— ).' 

Eleventh, a. (in order of place) dai- 
ji'iichi (^i^— ) no; ji'iichi-bamme no; 
(in order of time) jiilchi-dome no ; 
jtlichi-tablme no. 

Eleventh, n. (fraction) jfdchUnni 
(-h— ^) no ichi. 

Elias, n. Eiia. 

Elicit, t.v. inelrylj (WjHJ) ni s ; hyomei 

mm ■«■ 

to a confession, hakujo 

( Vc) -laseru. 

Elide, t.v. (gram.) tsume-i'u ; habuku ; 
ryakit (§.) .S-. 

to be d, ts^imaru ; fiahukaru ; 

7-yakH .sore-ru. 

Eligibility, n. gdkaku (-^tft) ; (suit- 
ability) tekito 

Eligible, a. .s-w (ffl)*) 'w ; svto (ffi 
^)nn; tekit'i (®^) na ; tsuri-atta ; 
(de-sirable) noz'^hatshi't. 

person to vote, senkyo- 

yukensha (iS0tWlt#)- 
Eligibly, adv. sod 7ii ; soto ni ; tekitd 
ni ; tsuri-atie. 

Eliminate, t.v. nnki-toru ; sakujo 

(m^) * ; sute-ru. 
Elimination, n. sakujo ; (act of) 

equiv. of Eliminate foil, by koto. 

Elislia, n. Erisha. 
Elision, n. (gram.) shdryaku (^f^). 
Elk, n. tsuno-shika. 
Ellipse, n. koban-nari ; (math.) daen 
{tnm) ; choenkei (^ffl^). 


[ 273 ] 


Klliptical} a. koban-naii iw ; daen 
■no ; choenkei no ; dankei no ; (defec- 
tive) shoryaku (^Ȥ-) nn. 

orbit, daen-kido {|g[l^j(,\l). 

]*]Ilii, n. ya-giri ; ya-hadzn nire. 

Elocution, n. enzefsuho (i^lg^) 5 
nobcnjut.iu (itM^) ', yilbenjutsu (t^^ 


Elocutionist, n. yiDxnka (it^^) ; 
nohenka (tltWM)- 

Elonjfatc, t.v. nobasu ; hiki-nobasu ; 
s?iinch6 (ii^M) s. 

Elong'ato, i.v. mM-ru ; shincho 

mm) •''■ 

Elongation, n. shincho ; (act of) 
eqniv. of Elongate foil, by koio. 

Elope, i.v. (of a couple) kake-ochi ,« ; 
(run away) iobo (aSt) -^ l nk/e-ru ; 
rhikuten (M^) -i ; shuppon (ffl#) s ; 
dZHitokvji (El^.#) v^o kime-ru [vulg.]. 

to with a woman, onna rco 

isurete kake-ochi s. 

Elopement, n. tdbd ; chikxden (jg 
^) ; shuppon ; (of a couple) kake- 

Eloquence, n. noben (tl^) ; ytVjen 
(^^); benzetsu (m^) ; bensai {W 
jf) ; kbsai (P^i*) ; tntsuben {MW- 

Eloquent, a. niJben na ; benzetsu no 
am; bensai no am; benko (W$Q) no 
yoi ; kosai no aru ; yuben nn ; ben- 
zetsu no yoi ; tatsuben na. 

Eloquently, adv. noben de ; be)izetsu 
de ; bensai de ; kdsai de ; yt'iben de ; 
i'do (-IS*) to; ryvcho (ftft^) ni; 

. surasura to. 

Else, adv. hoka ni ; ta ni ; sono ta ; 
betsu ( ^ij ) ?u'. 

some one , fioka ni dare ka. 

something' , hoka >it nani 


somewhere , hoka nidok'ka. 

Else, conj. or , sa mo nakereba; 


Else, a. hoka no ; ta no ; betsu no. 

Elsewliere, adv. (in another place) 
hoka ni ; iasho ni ; (to another place) 
hoka e ; tasho (flll/'jf) e. 

Eiucirtate, t.v. (explain) toki-akasu ; 
seisumei (^Vfl) s ; kaisluiku ()¥H^) 
«; (make clear) aA;t?-«A.o ?H s ; tsvma- 
biraka ni s ; bemmei (^^) s ; meiryn 
CW^) ni s ; hakkiri sase-ru. 

Elucidation, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Elucidate foil, by koto ; (explana- 
tion) toki-akashi; setsumei (HR^); 
(making clear) bemmei. 

Elude, t.v. yoke-Ill ; sake-ru. 

to observation, hiiome ico 


to punishment, t.fumi ico 

nofjare-ru, or manukare-ru. 
to pursuit, nogare-m. 

Elusive, a. (of ai^uments, etc.) k-utno 
wo tsidcamu yo na ; tsuknmae-doko no 

Emaciated, a. ■yase-otoroeta ; yase- 

ta ; yase-kokeia. 

Emaciation, n. yaseta koto ; yatsu- 
re ; sliosui (tfR^^) ; (owing to heat) 


Emanate, i.v. de-ru ; okoru ; ha.^su- 

ru ; hasshutsu (|c|{ll) s. 
Emancipate, t.v. j/i/;? {fy^) nis; 

(of slaves) kaihd (^^) s ; shaknlio 

(?^ J5() s ; jiyfi ivy mi ni s. 
Emancipation, n. equiv. of 

Emancipate foil, by koto. 

Emasculate, t.v. no/kiniama ico 

7iukxi ; nojkin ico nuku ; no/kas-sei 
(f ij^) too s ; wojkyosei (i-^) s ; 
(render effeminate) nyvjaku (3<S3) 
ni s. 
Embalm, t.v. miira ni s ; (in 
Japanese style) ejshu ico tsitmet-u ; 
wojshvjdzume ni s. 

Embalmer, n. miira-shi. 

Embalming-, n. miira. 

Embank, t.v. ni/dote vco tsuku. 

Embankment, n. tstdsumi ; dote ; 
teibo (tJiRS) ; (act of) dote ico i.-niku 
koto ; (of stones enclosed in bamboo 
hurdles) ja-kago. 

Embargo, n. funa-<1omc ; shidcko- 
teishi ( W i^l^jL)- 
to lay an on a ship, ^nie 

ni sliukko-teishi ico meizuni. 


[ 271 ] 


£nibai'k, t.v. nori-komase-ru ; jvose- 
rn ; jbsen (^j(g) sase-ni ; tosai 

mm s. 

Knibark, i.v. fune ni nori-komu ; 
josen s ; fune ni noni. 

Kiiibarkatioii, n. josen; tosai; 
nori-komu koto. 

Kmbarrass, t.v. koynarase-i-u ; to- 
icaku (^^) sasemi ; magofsukase- 
j"M ; meivoaku (i^.^) sase-iii ; ^hinder) 
jama s ; samatage-ru ; bogai (ijj^) s. 

to be ed, komaru ; tbwalcu s ; 

jama sare-ni ; samatagerare-ru ; 

konkyaku (®^) s ; bogai sare-m; 

(in one's affairs) tcadzuraieasareru. 

to feel ed, kokorodzukai ico 

s ; ica]kima7-i ga tcarukxi nam. 

Kmbarrassineut, n. (confusion) 
konzatsu (ift^) ; rnotsure ; (perplexi- 
ty) magoisuki ; konkyaku ; meiwaku ; 

Itlinbassy, n. (mission) shiselsu (^ 
g0) ; (building) tai.shikican ('^C^tk)- 

I'2inbod, t.v. wnern. 

KiiibtMhlert, p.p. to be , umatle 


I'Inibellisb, t.v. kazaru ; soshokit (H 
^).«; skushoku {f^$!(i) s; (of •writ- 
ing) hunshokii (^JZfip) s. 

Kinbollishinent, n. (tictof) equiv. 
of Embellish foil, by koto; (of 
writing) bunshoku ; (ornament) 
kazari' soshoku ; shfishoku. 
literary s, bunshoku. 

l<]iul)er-<la.v.s, n. sehhoku-unsku- 

Kniber-8"OOSe, n. (great northern 
diver) o-ubl. 

Embers, n. inoe-saski ; tnki-otoshi ; 

Embezzle, t.v. tsulcai-komu ; setsu- 
2/5(tgffl)s; shisho (U,j^) s. 

Embezzle, i.v. hiki-oi tco s. 

Embezzlement, n. isvkai-komi; 
.stii.sho ; (crime of) itakukin-hlshozai 
l^ft^^rl^H] ; (fraudulent appro- 
priation) kanshuio {^^]&) ; (of 
goods) ifftknhin-hlshd; (of money) 

Embezzler, n. katishuto-sha (li*3* 
^#) ; itakukin-hishosha (^}t^g 


Emblazon, t.v. (in heraldry) mon-in 
(^f|J ) <le kazaru. 

Emblazonry, n. mon-in no kazari. 

Emblem, n. shirushi; kigb (iEsS) J 

hybshb mm ; hy'oki mm- 

Emblematical, a. kigo ?io;.(of, 
no) shirushi ni wiru. 

Emblematically, adv. kigb de ; 
hybki de. 

Embodiment, n. (act of) galtai {^ 

Embody, t.v. (form into a body) 
gattai s ; gappei s. 
to opinions (in a docu- 
ment), 7nikomi rco kaki-iateru ; 
iken tco araicasu, or hybji (^Ty:) s. 

Embolden, t.v. nijyuki (^g.) ico 
tsukeru ; nilchikara ico tsukeru ; 
wo^kohu (^1^) s. 

to be ed, kijbhu (^i5^) nl 


Emboiii>oint, u. hidai (l^M) ', hi- 
man mm)- 

EmbosH, t.v. uki-bori s ; wojuchi- 
dashi ni s. 

Embos.sment, n. ^dy:i-bori ; uki-age- 

znikn. ■ 

Embrace, t.v. (clasp) daku ; idaku ; 

daki-shimeru ; (comprise) hbkicatsu 

(&tS) •'f ; kakomu. 

to an opportunity, kikicai 

ni ji'ji-ru ; kb-kiki'-ai (Jpj^'^) ico 

Embrace, n. (kiss) seppun (i^j^). 
Embrasure, n. hbmon (5SP5)- 
Embrocation, n. arai-gusuri; 

7iuri-gHsm-i ; tosatsuzai (^^^). 
Embroider, t.v. 7iuihaku s ; 
kazaru ; nuitoru ; shishu (MM) «• 

ed, nui ICO shite aru; mdhaJcu 


Embroiderer, n. nulhaku-shi ; nwi- 
hokuya ; nuihakusha. 


t 275 ] 


Embroidery, n. (thing embroider- 
ed) nulhaku ; (the art) nui-tori ; .shi- 

sM mm)- 

Embroil, t.v. gocha-godm ni s; 

midasu ; konran (iSiiSL) ft(tse-7'u ; 
kakuran (^iL) ^ 5 najnaka no icnni- 
ku sase-ru; no aicla nilfun'/i (j^^) 
wo okosase-ru. 

Embroilment, n. sashl-motsure ; 
konran ; kakuran ; qoia-gota ; (act 
of) equiv. of Em'broii foil, by koto. 

Eiiibryo, n. (physiology) tnishi (^^ 
-/-) ; ^«'ji (fln^) ; harami-r/o. 

Embryology, n. taiseigaku (^.'fe 

- m. 

Emend, t.v. tadasu ; kaisel (§5ciE) •*>■ ; 

shi'isei (f^jE) s ; teisei (fTiE) s ; seigo 

( iE^) •* ; nijshusei wo kuicne-ru. 
Emendation, n. scigo ; kaisei ; 

{elsel (ItiE)- 
Emerald, n. * ; ryokugyoku (^^). 
Emerge, i.v agarn; de-ru; araicare- 

Emergency, n. jihm (^^1): hyn- 

ha; kyuhen (MM) I f>^'>'yo C'i JM) no 

koto ; itpxnl (^,^h) no koto ; kinkyfi 

(^.S*.) no koto. 
' fund (reserve), yohl-kin {^^ 

measures, r'mkl (E£j^) no 

shocM (lS.m)- 

ordinance, kinkiju-choknrei 


on an , masaka no ioki ica ; 

irioshi mo no toki ica ; koto aru hi 
ni ica ; iza Kamakura to iu toki ni 

public fund set apart for 

relief of sufferers by earth- 
quakes, etc., bikAco-chorhiknkin 


to prepare for possible ies, 

ma)i-irhi no hen ni sonae-ru. 

Emery-cloth, n. mafa (E^ifi))- 
Emery-paper, n. ma.fhi (Igft5) ; 

l^mery-poAvder, n. kongushn (^RiJ 

Emetic, u. haki-gnsuri ; tozal (0:1:^1). 

Emigrant, n. ijfanin (t$ttR) ; iju- 
nin{^tii.\); imin {^^) ; de-kasegi- 


s, ijuinin ; imin. 

Emigrate, i.v. iju s. 

Emigration, n. iju. 

agent, imin-toriatsukalnin. 

Eminence, n. (a height) kosho (ig 
fiJi) ; takami ; (of persons, etc.) ken- 
iatsu (MWi ; kbi ; eiyo (^#) ; kenyd 

Eminent, a. sugurela ; takuetsa (^ 
@) ."ihita ', nukindeta ; (of persons 
only) shiishun (f?^) na; komei (j^ 
^ ) na ; sugureta ; bakkun na ; (of 
rank) koi (J^ti) no ; kenyd (ffi55) 
na ; hatsv.gun (^^) na. 

to be , sugure-ni ; tachi-koe- 

ru ; hiideru ; nukinde-ru. 

Eminent domain, right of , 

tochi-shuydken (±JiJ|5c/nfi). 
Eminently, adv. mottomo ; sugurete. ; 

hiidete ; tachi-koete ; tachi-masalte. 
Emissary, n. sMsha (^#) ; (secret) 
nilsshi {^^^) ; (special) tokufthi (-f^ 
f$) ; i^Vy) maicashi-mono ; kanrho 


Emission, n. hasshn {^^%\) ; has- 
.^hutsu (?^IH); hassha ; (of bank 
notes, etc.) hakkb (^fr)- 

nocturnal , jhoeu (^,®) ko 

mini koto ; isei (igfi^). 

to have an , aei (1f^l) iro 


Emit, t.v. /^-ara] or yori]de-ru; hana- 
tsu; hasshutsul^^).-}; (put in cir- 
culation) hakkb (5s|?f) s\ (of a vol- 
cano, etc.) fxiki-dasu ; fwuilmtsn (I© 


Emmenagogne, n. tsiikeiyaku (jjfi 


Emollient, n. chint.iuyaku (Mlt5 

^) ; ddntsnzai (^JK^ffl). 
Emoluments, n. (of an office) hb- 

kyu (fp$&) ; hbshu(^m) ; kyiiryb (i^ 

Pii) ; (of gain) eki (S) ; rieki m^)- 
l<]motion, n. kokoro no ugoki ; jb 

(H^) ; kanjb (.^fif) ; I^Mo (,^M) \ 

(^h\\.) jbcho mm)' 

the seven s, s/i tc/iyd (-tti*). 


[ 27G ] EMP 

flliiotioiial, a. kcmji-yasui ; kando- 
shiya.iui ; (causing emotion) kokaro 
iro v'jokasaseni ; ka)uIo saseni yo na. 

Empale, t.v. hari-isuke ni s. 

Einporor, n. Ktcdtei (S.ljf ) ; Tei 
(^) ; (of Japan) Tenshi (^4F-)- 

the Japanese , Tenno (5? 

r$:) ; Tenshi Soma ; Mikado [obs.] ; 
K'inri Sama [obs.] ; Dairi [obs.]. 

H. M. the , (of Japan) Ten- 

vo-Ueika [7<.^MT)\ (of other 
countries) Kirotei-Ileika (J^^|R| 

the Dai go II, Go-Daigo-tei. 

the late , scntel (^;?f). 

Emphasis, n. fsuyoml ; (of rhetoric) 

(I'^xfi (15^) ; hiimei (ii^). 

to speak with , kotoba ni 

rliikara ibo ireru, or tsuyomi tco 

Emphatic, a. ikioi (^) no aru; 
kilto shita ; chikara leo Irefa ; t/ntyo- 

Emphatically, adv. kitl<> (*2fft) 
shltf ; tsuyokii ; chikara tr<> irele ; 
dfDizi'n (Bf|<*) to ; kippari. 

to declare , dangen (RlfH) «• 

Emphyteusis, n. ei-kosakiiken (* 
^H\^m) [Civ. Co.]. 

Emphyteiiticary, n. ei-Jcosaku- 
niu [Civ. Co.]. 

Emi>ire, n. (a country governed by 
an Emperor) teikoku (Ij? ^) ; (terri- 
tory) ryochi (^Jft) ; krcankalsuchi 

Empiric, n. yahu-isha. 
Empirical, a. (pbilosoj)b.) keiken- 


Empirically, adv. keikenteki ni. 

Empiricisni, n. (philosoph.) keiken- 


Employ, t.v. (use) tsukau ; mochii- 
m; riyo (fijffl) s ; shiyo (g^ffl) s; 
shieki (g^S) s ; (use as a servant) 
yatou ; kakae-ru ; meshi-tsnkau ; 

to one's self on, nijiijl (^ 

Employ, n. coolie in one's regular 

, joyo-ninsoku (^^ASL). 

to be in the of, ni/yatoicare- 

te orv. 

Employe, n. yatoinin ; (in sboji, 
etc.) hokonin ; yatoibito. 

foreign , yaloi-'jtcaikokxijin. 

Employer, n. (master) shujin (i. 
A); danna; (hirer) yatoi-nushi ; 

and employed, yosha to hi- 

j/.w/.a (gJtIS*). 

Employment, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Employ foil, by koto ; (in factories, 
etc.) shieki (i$S) J (occupation) 
shigoto ; shokugyo (^SiM) ; jigyo (^ 

(Id) ; j'"»» (^f*) ; shokubun (Bgi5^) ; 

(trade) kagyo (^IH) ; sUrjbai (\%$t)- 

to he in the of, ni/fsykae- 

rii ; ni'yatoicarete oi'u. 
to be in the of the gov- 
ernment, seifu (i&'ff ) ni hoshtiku 
(^HSii) ahife orii. 

to be out of , hima de orit ; 

nsoiide orii. 

to find , ica]kuchi ga metsuka- 


to look out for , kuchi tco 


Emi>ower, t.v. ni,ken uo ataeru, or 
yudane-ni, or motaserit. 

to be ed, ken (^) ico ttkele 

oru, or sadzukatte oru. 

Empress, n. Xyokico; Jokico(-k^); 
(in her own riglit) Xyotei (iz^) [but 
the Japanese fonnerly gave the title 
Kicotei (^'Tfr) or Tcnuu t^'^) to their 
female sovereigns] ; (by mar- 
riage) Kxcogo (M^); Kimgb sanvx; 
Dowager, Kicdtai-ktcogo {^ 

Empties, n. kara ; (bottles) akibin. 

Emptiness, n. karappo ; kfJcyo (^ 
^) ; kn nam koto. 

to have a feeling of in the 

stomach, hara ga karappo de aru. 


[ 277 ] 


Empty, a. kara no; (fig.) Jal. (^) 
no; kyo (f^) no; kfikyo no; (vain) 
muda no ; miiko (M^) na. 

is often expr. by aki or kara 

compounded with the nonn ; as, 

bottle, akl-hin; box, 

aki-bako ; house, aki-ya; 

palanquin, kara-kago; 

rikisba, kara-guruma ; 

room, aki-ma; shop, aki- 


stomach , suki-hara ; kfifuku 

talk, muda-hanasJii ; ktldan 

(^W, ka,ulan(^^). 

to be , aite oru ; kara de am ; 

(of the stomach) suku. 

to be partly , suite oni. 

Empty, t.v. akeru ; icolkara ni s ; 
(a box) no/naka mo mono ico dasu. 

Empty-liancletl, adv. iebura de ; 

.tude de ; kara-ie de. 

to return , kara-ie dekaeni. 

Empty-lieaded, a. shlso (MM) "« 
(oboshii ; mu-kangae no. 

Empty-hcai'ted, a. mujo (tetra) 
nn ; nasake no nai. 

Emulate, t.v. (imitate) manabu ; 
mane-ru ; ml-narau ; (vie with) to] 
han-au ; tolkisou ; to/kyoso s. 

Emulation, n. (rivah-y) kyoso ; 
lutri-ai ; kisol. 

spirit of , kyososhiii (J4 "F 't^)- 

]']nablo, t.v. dekiru yd (^^) ni shite 

to be ed, dekij'u ybni nam; 

[or, instead of dekim the intransi- 
tive form of the verb]. 

Enact, t.v. tate-ru ; sadameru ; moke- 

ra ; seiiei (ifilJS) s. 
Enactment, n. okile ; hijrei (}i;^); 

Jioritsu (ffi#); (act of) eqniv. of 

Enact foil, by koto. 

]<]namel, n. skippo (-t:5R) ; shippo- 
yiki ; (black, of teeth) o haguro ; 
(inside a copper vessel) sJiiromi ; (of 
porcelain) //r«At-As7(Ae ; (materials for 
enamelling porcelain ) yakimono- 
gtt.iiiri ; (of teeth) horo (i&M) ' fiovo- 

Enamel, t.v. yakitsuke-ru ; nf/Aiwuri 
iro tsukeru ; (of metal) ftoro (JjS^) 
ivo ynkitsukeru. 

Enamelled, saucepan, hbro- 


Enamellin|>:, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Enamel foil, by koto. 

Enamoured, to be of, nil 

horeru ; nijremho (^j^) s ; wo/ 
koi-shitau ; nijrenchaku (^^) s. 

to become of (at first sight), 


Encamp, i.v.jin {^), otjin-ei di^fg), 
ICO ham ; gun-ei C^^) ico hnru ; 
jindoru ; chuei (J^^) s. 

Encampment, n. jinsho ( 

jia-ei ; gun-ei ; ya-ei 

Enceinte, n. (in fortification) ijo 

mm ; ii^^^cf^n (@?R). 

Enceinte, a. to be , kiminin 

(Sljffi:) shite oru ; hnrande oru ; kwai- 
'«i (01^) ■''hite o»-u ; mi-gcmotte oru ; 
ninshin (f^j^) shite oru ; mimochi de 

Enchant, t.v. mahd (5E^) de mayo- 
icase-m; ybjutsu (i0i^) de mayowa- 
su ; (charm) nnyamasn ; nosatsu (^ 
^) -v. 

to be ed, (highly pleas- 
ed) kicokotsu ('titt^,) to shite oru ; 
(mnch attracted) (with, ni) mi- 
tore-ru ; ki (jH) ico torare-ru ; tama- 
shii ico ubaicareru. 

Enchanter, n. maho-tsukai. 

Enchanting, a. (of a man) horebore 
sum ; (of a woman) nayamascru ; 
horebwe s^^ru. 

Enchantment, n. (magic) wahd; 

(5S^) ; yojutsu (t^m)- 

Enchase, t.v. (technical) chirihame- 


Encircle, t.v. tori-maku ; megurasu ; 
kakomu ; ijo (Si^) s ; (go round) 
meguru ; (with the arms) dak^u. 

Enclose, t.v. kakomu ; megurasu ; 
kakoi-komu ; (fence in) kaki de iori- 
kakomu ; (in a letter) ///jj-Ao/xw ; fu- 
y'y<'i (MA) •'. 


[ 278 ] 


Enclosure, n. (in a letter) hesshi (Ji] 
1^) ; ffinyusho ( JtA^) ; (plftoe en- 
closed) kakoi ; konai (flift); hakoi- 
chi ; kamae. 

within the , konai (^|^) ni ; 

(of a temple) keldai (^^) ni 

Kncoro, n. *. 

Kncore, t.r. (a speech) salen (H-iS) 
tro unagasu. 

Eiieoiinter, n. (tight) shoiotsu (jf; 
^) ; senio (R^) ; shosen ('*|R). 

Eiicoiiiiter, t.v. (danger) ui'^iugH 
(igiS) .'' ; (in battle) io'iatakau ; (in 
opposition) ni/de-au ; ni/muknu ; 
(meet) ni/au ; ni/de-au. 

Encourage, t.v. (a person) nilchi- 
knr<i ICO tsukent ; no/ki wo hiki-tate- 
»•», or hittateru ; hagemafni ; shorei 
(^SD) "f ; shoyo (SgJfJ s ; (foster) yu- 
•""f' (ijUt) *5 (promote trade, etc) 
skarei s. 

to in , ni tea s^isu- 


to be d, ki (^) ga hittatsu. 

to be d by, nilchikorn iro 


Encouragriilg, n. (inspiriting) li 
tco hittateru yd na ; hagemi ni naini. 

Encouraginglj-, adv. At loo hittatc- 
i-u yo ni ; hagemasii yb ni ; hagemi ni 
nam yo ni. 

Encourageinent, n. shorei; sho- 
yo ; (act of) equiv. of Encourage 
foil, by koto ; (reward) Jiosho (|j|^). 
reflation for the of ship- 
building*, zosen-shdrei-kisoku (i& 

Encroach, i.v. to on, (in- 
fringe) okasu ; rtbau ; .thingai (g 
^) s ; (land) tori-ii-eni ; nijkui- 
konnc ; lool-^anshokn (JS:^) •" ; tcol 
<ryo (fipsn) .S-. 

Encroachment, n. sanshoku ; o- 
ryi) ; and eqniv. of Encroach foil, 
by koto ; (infringement) shingai. 

Encumber, t.v. (a person) no/jama 
tco s ; ico'samatage-ni ; (a place) 

Encumbrance, n. Jcosho (j^|^); 
samntage ; jamamono ; yakkai-mo)V) ; 
shogai (j^^) ; sasaxcari ; (act of) 
eqniv. of Encumber foil, by koto. 

Encyclopaedia, n. gak-nrit.<ni-rvite,i 
(^V^m^)l hyakk-tra-jirui (ff?1-^- 
M) ; lyakkica-zensfto (&^^^). 
a walking , iki-jihiki. 

End, u. oiciri ; shimai : sue ; hashi ; 
saki ; (conclnsion) fhftkyoku (^^]) ; 
(death) saigo (§^) ; (of a piece of 
cloth, or of thread) hashi ; (of a stick) 
saki ; (of a street) hadzure ; hnji ; 
(object) me-aie; mok-vteki (Bft^J); 
inokuromi ; nxedo ; (of time) siie. 

at the (used as an adj.), luiji 

no ho C^) no. 

cigar, or cigarette, , sxn- 


of the month, tsukizue ; 

getsumatsn [f]^). 

of the world, sue no yo; 

ba.tse (5{itit) ; sekai nooicari. 

of the year, toshi no kiire ; 

nenanatsH (^^). 

he will come to a bad , H 

shiiii-yo ira shiiud. 

in the , (finally) tsui Jii ; 

toto ; tsvmari ; (after all) shosen 


it IS impossible to say what 

the of this will be, ko >o 

sue irii iln nnru kn domo shireiuii. 

many days on , nan inchi 

III*) isndzaite. 

one , htit'n>!. 

one's hair stands on , kami 

no ke gn yixlat.'iu ; sokedatsit. 

there is no to, ni/hateshi ga 

nrti ; ni/kit-i ga nai. 

there's no knowing where it 

w^ill , sono teishi (li£\^) sunt 

tokoro ica shirenai. 

to come to an , sue ni nam. : 

shimai »i nam. 

to go to the of a street, 

marhi no hadzure made iku ; {it 
another rnns at right angles) 

to no , muda ni. 

to the that, tame ni ; yo ni. 

End, i.v. oicaru ; shimai ni jumt ; 
(cease) yamu ; (conclude) sumu ; (of 
a performance) haneru : (of an affair) 


[ 279 ] 


ica]lcata ga isuku ; rakuchaku (?^^) 
s; ketsuryo {^T) s; (of the year) 

to ...... in (of grammatical forms), 


Knd, t.v. sJiimau ; shuketsu (^^) s ; 
shuryo (^T) *; ketsuryo (r^j) a; 
(arrnnge) nojkafa wo Isuke-m ; (cease) 
rjame i"u ; oe-ru ; (conclude) sixmase- 

Kiidangei*, t.v. ayaukus ; kiken (^ 
fSft) ni s ;• ni/kiken wo oydbosu ; ni/fct- 
fjai (fe#) Jco kuwae-ru. 

to be d, ayauku nam ; kiken 

ni nayti. 

to life, inochi ni kaknru. 

to property, sldnshb (^±.) 

ni kakawam. 

Knrtear, t.v. to one's self, 

expr. by chbai (S|^) sareru, the 
passive form. 

Kn<l«^avoiir, n. hone-ori ; jinryoku 
mtl)^ {physical) doryoku (^i]). 
to make every , hynppo jin- 
ryoku (Yi-^mt)} s. 

Kiideavour, i.v. cldkara wo isuku- 
su ; hone ico ont ; jim-yokn s ; isufo- 

he ed to reach a high 

position in his profession, ano 
hiio xca shoJcugyojo (K^±;) yoi 
ic/d (iilJfli) ni nohoro to jinryoku 

to to do (make a trial at), 

yntte mi-i-u. 

Kucleinic, n.fadobyd (|IL±^)- 
Kiidloss, a. (continual) kiri 7io nai ; 
ko<iiri no nai ; hodzu no nai ; sai'jen 
{^^^) no 7iai; hateshi no tvai', eien 
{fkj&) na; (without end) oicari no 
JGiidl«?ssly, adv. kagiri naku ; itsu 
made mo ; oicari naku ; hateshi naku ; 
saigen naku ; eien ni. 

Kndh', n. eien ; and equiv. of 
Endless foil, by koto., t.v. ni/ura-gaki s ; (an 
opinion) ni/ddi (I^^J wo hyb (^) s. 

to on, ni ICO ura- 

gnki a. 

Eudor.somout, n. nra-gaki [Civ. 
Co.] ; (act of) xira-gaki s-vru koto ; (by 
affixing seal) okuin {%X\\); (of an 
opinion) dbi wo hybauru koto. 

in blank, ryakushiki-ura- 

gaki (Pg.^) [Civ. Co.]. 

Endow, t.v. (an institution) nijkifu 
(^Pfl) *' ; (bestow) sadzukeru ; atae- 
ru ; kytlyo (i^^) s. 

to be ed with talent, chi- 

• iijoku (^:f3) ga sonaicatte oru. 

Endowment, n. (act of) kifu [Civ. 
Co.] ; kyiiyo ; (money bestowed) kifu- 

policy of insurance, ybrb- 

hoken [%i^^m- 

Endurable, a. to be , wa]ga- 

man (^tS) f/o dekini ; wa]shiinbr> 
(-Pfe) ?« deki-ru; taerare-ru; korae- 
Endurance, n. gaman ; shim'ib ; 

nintai (S.ffit)- 
Endure, t.v. nijkotae-iv. ; wojkorue- 
ru ; shinogu ; shimbb (5?S|fe) s ; ni/ 
taeru ; wo[gaman (^^) s ; tainin 

(i5tS.) s. 

cannot , nijtamaranai. 

cannot the heat, atsusn ni 


Enduring-, a. mulcyu (Mt7) "o ; 
nagamochi no sw-u. 

En<lwise, adv. diokuritsu (jgtJyL) "*; 

iate ni. 

Enema, n. kicanchbzai (j^WjM)- 

to give an to, uilkicanehb s: 

Enemy, n. (in war) teki (gi) ; (pri- 
vate) ada ; kaiaki ; shuieki {WM.) '- 
the , teklgun (^^) ; tekihei 

m^)- ,^ 

the 's position, tekijm (gf 

to communicate secretly witn 

the , mio(p)|!g) s. 

to go over to the , ura-giri 

ICO s. 

Energretio, a. kon (ifi) ?jo yoi ; sel- 
shin (IS?)?^) no tsuyoi ; chikara rut 
haitta ; fumpatsu (H^) shita ; ki- 
ryoku no tsuyoi ; ikioi no aru ; geuki 
(tcE) no yoi ; eiki (JftIR) no aru. 


[ 28U ] 


Kii ergretically, adv.fumpaisu shite ; 
genki yok'u ; ikioi yoku ; kiryoku 
dzuyoku ; eiki atte ; kon yoku ; fun- 
zen to. 

Kiiergy, n. ikioi ; seiryoku ; kiryoku 
(^iJ); J^onk-i (^^); genki; eiki; 
(phys.) kvoatsudo-ryoku (fSWi'^)- 

Kiiervate, t.\. yowaku s ; suijaku 
(Sll) saseru; rwlgenki {ytM.) ^«> 
to be d, yoicani ; suijak^i s. 

Enervating, a. to be ; yoioakti 

fi ; miijaku sa.teni ; genki uo sogu, 
or hvjihnt. 

Kiifiliide, t.v. yoko kara utsu. 
Knlbrce, t.v. shiko (Jfifr) « ; shikkd 
(tl^f ) « ; tori-okonau ; jikko (%ff) 
.V : jisshi (gjfi) s. 

to strictly, reiko (U^t) *• 

Eiilbrcenient, n. sJiiko ; jikko ; 
ji.s-shi ; shikko ; iori-okx>nai. 
strict , reiko. 

]<], t.v. nilsenkyoken (ig 
^"Kii) ICO ataeru. 

Knjiaj?*"* ^■^- (attention) cJuli (it^.) 
tf-rt hiku ; (distingnisbed persons) hei 
(1$) •'•■ ; (hire) yntou ; yafni-ireru ; 

is d, (of an artiste) ?f«]A.n<c/ji 

ga kakatte irii ; (of an actor) rra] 

!/ukiijo-zumi ni naife oi-^i. 

they are d in the prepara- 
tions, jmnhichu (>p(^4j) de aru. 

to be d, (busy) tori-konde oru ; 

te ga fusagatte i-ru ; yd (/fl) ga aru ; 

(promised in marriage) ica]ii-7iadzu- 

ke ga am. 

to be d (and \inable to see a 

visitor), sa.shi-isukaeie oru. 

tote din (a pursuit), niljiiji 

(ffi^) shite oru. 

to be d with (oocni)ied with), 

niikakade oru. 

to an enemy, teki to tata- 


Eng'age, i.v. (embark in) ni)kakaru ; 
(pledge) uke-au ; hiki-uke-ru. 
to in (an occupation), nif 

to to, future foil, by yakii- 

suku (|'j>jt), or yak-u, s. 

Kngageinent, n. (agreement) yaku- 
j'j(*^l^); yakusoku i^^-p^); ke'iyakn 
(^$^) : (l>attle) kassen (-g-R) ; kosen. 
(^IK) ; senso (R^) ; tainkai ; (of 
seamen) yaioi-ire [Com. Co.] ; (pro- 
mise of marriage) ii-nadzuke ; kek- 
kon-yakujo (^mm^)- 

a prior , .senyaku (:5fe$^) ; 

(preventing one from doing some- 
thing suggested) sashi-isukae. 
termination of , kaiyo (^? 


Engaging', a. (winning) aikyo {^ 
5JC) uo aru ; nikuge no nai. 

Eng^agingncss, n. aikyo. 

Engender, t.v. hiki-okosu ; okosu ; 
shojini ; kamosu. 
to be ed, okoi-u ; tco]shojiru. 

Engine, n. (steam) kikai 

kikmni mm)- 

condensing^ , gyoshukm-kiki 

donkey , hq)o-kiki {fiWiW^}- 

fire , shokica-ki (i^fkiSt)- 

hydraulic , dosui-kikirau (^ 

locomotive , kikimnsh^; (^ 


to stop the s, nnfen (j^ff) 

7ro loine-ru. 

Engine-driver, n. kikmmshu (^ 

Eng', n. kikioan-gura. 

Engineer, n. (military) koliei (X 
&:) ; (of a factory, etc.) gi.shi (^±) ; 
(of a ship) kikicanshl (^gg±). 
chief (of a ship), kikicancho 

civil , dohokushi '(±.7^615); 

kbgakushi (X^ir). 

corps of artillery and s, 

hbko-heldan (BfiXR-ffl). 

corps of s, kbheidan. 

electrical , denki-kogakushi 


Engineering, n. (occui>ation of) 
kogyo (XH) ; (science of) kbgaku (X 
ff,) : dobok-ujutsu (±5iv^). 

electrical , denki-koaaku (^ 


[ 281 ] 


hydraulic , chisui-koqaku (f^ 

mechanical , kikai-kogaku 

military , kbheAgaku OL^ 

•"-)• - ^ 

mining , saikuo-koffaku (5R 

Enji'ine-iHKUli, n. kikicanshitsu (}|[ 

Kng'hliKl, n. li/irisu ; Eikoku (%^). 
I'^ng'lisli, a. Eikoku iio ; Igh-isu no ; 
El no. 

language, El go ((itIS). 

new^spaper, Elji-shimfnui ('^ 

written in , Eibun {%SC) no. 

]*3lig:lisll) u. (tyi>e) [corresponds in 

.size to Japanese type shigo (KM)]- 
Kng-iisliinan, n. Eikokvjln (^tgg 

A); EijinmK). 
l!]n grave, t.v. horu ; kizamu ; cho- 

koku (UfM) •'»■ i (fig- °^ one's memory) 

mel ($fi) .V. 
Kllgravor, n. (on hloiik^) hangiya ; 

chokokusU (SJ^IjfiJIi) ; (on metal) hori- 

mono-shi ; chokokushi. 
seal , imbanshi {$}}^fS^). 

l*]|igraving", n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Engrave foil, by koto ; (on copper) 
doban (^){R) ; (on wood) moknban (:^ 
)iS) ; (on stone) seklban (SUS)- 

wood , mokuban-e (?|^/iKJ|). 

Kii grossed, a. to be in, nij 

kori-katanmru ; ippo {-''^) ni Im- 

maru; ni/isshm (— ^) 7ii nam; 

icojisshin-furan (^RL) "i ■* 5 nil 

kokoro wo tor arete oru. 

I'^llgulf, t.v. vwkl-komu. 

lOiiliaiice, t.v. (of crime) omoku s ; 
(of qualities, pleasure, etc.) masu ; 
kmcae-ru ; (of value, price) iaknme- 
rii ; fige-ru ; 

J']iiig'liia, n. mizt) ; ingo (Mln)- 
I'hiiginatical, a. aitnai (|IS8^) no ; 
fumei (7f,V^) no ; bomjari shita. 

JOiiigiiiatica)Iy, adv. aimai ni; 
fumei ni ; bonyari to. 

I'jiijoin, t.v. ni/meiji-ni ; ni/jno.s'/u- 

tsrike-ru ; ni/ii-tsr(ke-ru. 

Enjoy, t.v. tanosldmu ; (a privilege) 
kybyu (^W) s. 
how did you ...... your din- 
ner ? o sliokvjl (:^^) tea ikxiga 
(leshita ka ? 

I have greatly ed myself 

(said to one's host), ok! ?ii go rhiso 
(SiS) Jii narimashitd. 

I hope you will yourself, 

o tanoshimi '. 

Eiljoj'able, a. taiu>.shli ; y%ikicfii (^ 
^) na ; hoyd (^^) ni nam. 

Eiijoyinciit, n. tanoshimi ; tuigti- 
.sami ; hm/d (^^) ; kimiraku (i^l^) ; 
yuktrai (ife'K). 

Eukiaiithiis japoiiiciis, dodan. 

Enlarge, t.v. oklkn. s ; hlroku s ; 
(a book) zofio (^gifij}) s ; (business, 
navy, etc.) kicakuchb (8|3g) .« ; (of 
land or houses) hiroge-ru ; (of the 
mind, heart) hiroku s ; kaikiratsu (^ 
iKDHJ .s. 

Enlarge, i.v. dkiku imni ; hiromaru ; 

to upon, wo/kuica-thiku iu; 

icojchocho iu ; ico/hiki-nobasu. 

Enlargement, n. (act of) eqniv. of 
Enlarge foil, by koto ; (of a book) 
zoho ; (of a photograph) hiki-nobe ; 
(of business, etc.) kicakuchb ; (of the 
mind, heart) kaikicatsu ; (state of) 
bkiku naru koto ; Mrolai, nam koto. 

of the heart, shinzb (.t^fljR) 

no bbchb (|^5M)- 

Enlighten, t.v. (inform) saiosu; 
oshiete yaru ; (of the mind) tea] 
hiraku ; (with increase of knowledge) 
kybkvca (Ifeffc) .s ; kalkica (Mft) * > 
kaihaisu (5^5^) ■'• 

Enliglltened, a. hiraketa ; hununei 
(i5>J) no ; bunkica (^ffc) .thita. 

Enlightenment, n. hmnmei (3it 
ly]) ; kaihatsu (P^M)- 

Enlist, t.v. tsunoru ; kakae-ireni ; 
boshfi (llJfe) s ; chbho (gft^) s ; (fig., 
another's aid) kari-ru ; (secure tho 
aid of) ni/satan (fefi) saseru ; 7ii/ 
kata wo iresase-ru. 

Enlistment, n, equiv. of Enlist 
foil, by koto. 


[ 28-2 ] 


Unliven, t.v. sakan ni s ; ni/ikioi ico 
tsuke-ru ; (make cheerfal) xcojkicai- 
kalsu {^^) ni s ; nojki (^) tco Mki- 
tate-ru ; ni/genki ico tsukei~u ; nojki 
^co harasast-ni. 

finiiiity, n. wami ; ikon (jgK) : 
ieki-i (j^.l;) ; enkon (ffitR). 

to be at with, tolfu-ua (7p 

^) de oj-M. 

ICiiiioble, t.v. (dignify) tattokn s ; 
(raise to nobility) kizoku (;RSt) »ii s, 
or j-e.sswnt; 7ii/shakn (f?) iro sadzuke- 
ru ; ni/jushaku 

J<]iiiiobIeiiient, n. jushaku ; eqixiv. 
of Ennoble foil, by A:o<o. 

Kiiiiui, n. taikufsu (.IS",®) ; tsiire- 
dzitre ; tozen (^^) ; huryo (fttJCT). 

Kiiorinity, n. (atrocity) datzai {-^ 
fg); A,!/oaA-«(e<l^); gokuaku {^MiY^ 
(statt) of being immoderate) kimdo 
m-^); hijdm^); ho'jicai (^jfi-). 

Kliormons, a. osoroshiku oH tui ; 
kyodcii (g:Ac) '<f' ', bakudai (^iz) i^a ; 
meppi okli; saidai (^'M) »« ; (of 
crime) '/okiiaku (t^.^) ito. 

J'jliormoiislj-, adv. osoroshiku ; hijo 
{$^'^) ni ; kakugwai (l^f/l') ni ; hana- 
had'is/i'ku ; kyodaini; mekkiri. 

Kiioil^Ii, a. titkusan (i^Ul) mi ;jubun 

(t :?]•)»'«• 

is also expr. by -huri ; as, 

for two days, futsuka-bwi. 

for one man, jV/unJH (— A) 

vuie no ; irfiinht-hun ( — A^) "O. 

of that (excl.), md I sore tea 


of that, let us go on to 

the next case, madzu sore tro 

yoslii to sliite, is^igi tio kuchi tco 


to be , tai-i-ru. 

KllOllf^Ilj i\.A\. juhnn ni ; takusan ni. 

and to spare, ari-amani 

hodo takusan. 

light to float, uJmbu hodo 


to strike hard to smash 

the gr^^te, 7/iou ko koicasu hodo 

well (tolerably well), kauari 


Kiiqiiire, v. Inquire. 

Enrage, t.v. 7-ippuku (alIS.) ■«a«e-»"'< ; ; nijhara ico tataseru ; 
ikarase-TU ; geki [^) saseru. 

to be d, ira]ha7-a ga tatsu; 

rippuku (iK) •'* ! okorn. 

Knrapture, t.v. to be d, At im 

ubarcarerv. ; urhoteu (^1%,"^) ra 

Enrich, t.v. (fertilize) koyasu; (make 
rich) kane-mochi ni s ; toinase-ru ; 
yidaka ni s ; (ornament) kazaru. 

Enroll, t.v. meibo ($,^) ni noseru ; 
kaki-noseru ; toroku (§^) .s ; toki 

OIE) ."» ; tobo (§fg) s. 

Enrolment, n. toroku ; tijki ; tdbo ; 
and eqiiiv. of Enroll foil, by kofo ; 
(of troops) nyittal (KW)- 

Ell route, /oc/iM (^i|i) j(t. 
to be r, tochii de am. 

Ensemble, n. zen^m {^%) ; sotai 


Enshrine, t.v. (preserve carefully) 
hizo (WilfS) •">' ; (put into a Bhrine) 
anchi (^^) s ; matsuru. 

Ensig:n, n. (flag) haia ; (oflicer) A.i.<tA'( 
(5X^) ; hata-mochi. 

Enslave, t.v. dorei ($t^) ni s. 

En.snare, t.v. rdraku 

Ensue, i.v. tsudzuku ; okoni. 

to from, nojkekkica to shltr, 


Ensuing^, a. tsngi no. 

year, akuru toshi; yokunen 

Entangle, t.v. rnotsuresase-ru ; ko- 

Entangled, i.v. to be , motsu- 

reru ; kogoj-u ; kogurakaru ; musv- 
hore-ru ; (with a person) koda-fare- 

Entente, u. kyoshd (ISiiS); dakyd 


[ 283 ] 


Enter, t.v. nijhairu ; niltackl-ini ; ni/ 
kuwaicani ; nijka-nyu (JIJBA.) « \ (j^ 
protest) moski-komu ; mr/shi-tate-ru ; 
(by force) nijoshi-ii-u ; nijoshi-komu ; 
(in account-book) tsuke-ru ; (set down 
in writing) kaki-komu ; kaki-nose-ru ; 
kaki-tome-ru ; kinyn (fHA) ^ ! ^ofci 

into (engage in), nijkakaru ; 

ir o I ha jime-ni. 

into an agreement, yakvjo 

(^^) -s ; yakusoku (1^;^) .s ; kei- 
yaku (%^) s. 

to a port, nyuko (A}^) *' J 

Ai/.-5 (^jf ) «. 

to a school, nyu'jaku (A^) 


to a ship, nyftko no tdsu- 

ilzuki wo s. 

to the army, nyuei (A"^) ^• 

to the navy, kairfun (fS^) 

ni iru. 

to the priesthood, shtkke 

mm) .f. 

Enter, i.v. to upon, nlltnuku. 

Enteric fever, n. chochifusu (^"^ 

Enteritis, n. chdkinsho (l^f^'fli)- 

Enterprise, n. kigyd (|E^) ; moku- 
rami ; (boldness) daitan (:^fl)|). 
government , kicangyo ("g* 


hazardous , hoken-jUiyo (g 


private , mingyo (^^). 

to enter on an , fdgyo n. 

na ; 
no ; 

Enterprising", a. k(m-i 
daitan (p^cJS) na ; sMnshu (^ 
kisho (M^) no am. 

Entertain, t.v. (a complaint) juri 
(^S) « ; (afeeling)/uAnmm ; (amuse) 
ta)iOshimase-ru ; miqusame-ru ; (a pro- 
posal) uke-tmike-ru ; tori-mochii-ru ; 
saUii) (^ni) s ; (a view) idaku ; (feast) 
kyo-o (SiBtt) .s ; ;/o chiso (fJPSfiili:) s ; 
vioUi-nafiU ; kwantai (^^) s ; settai 
(t^f$) * ; (grant, as request) kiki-ire- 

Entertaining', a. omoshiroi ; iano- 
shii ; yorokobashii ; aiso ($flj) no 
yoi ; motenashi no yoi. 

Entertainingly, adv. omosMrokti ; 

fanoshiku ; yoi-okoba.ikiku ; aiw 
yoku ; motena.ihi-bvri ni ; (laughably) 

Entertainment, n. (act of enter- 
taining) mote-naahi ; (congratulatory) 
shukxiqa-kicai (WC^^) ! (feast) en- 
kicai (^'^) ; kyb-o ; go chiso. 

a succesful , seikwai ('/^%). 

evening , yakicai (^^). 

Enthusiasm, n. nesshin (^,.t>) ', 
fumpatsu (^W- 

Enthusiast, n. nesshinka {^.t^TsO- 

Enthusiastic, a. nesshin na ; fum- 
patsu (l&f^) na. 

to be , fumpatsu (^?$) «. 

Enthusiastically, atlv. nesshin (^ 
•to »i ; fumpatsu (If^) shite. 
over , nobosete. 

Entice, t.v. sasou ; ohiku ; hiki- 
komu; izanau; in-yu (51 a^) v ; yfi- 
icaku (IJlag) s. 

to a person to steal, hit* 

wo sosonokasJute nusumasc n«. 

to avray, (to one's own side) 

hiki-tsukeru ; mikata ni tsuke ni ; 
(as, an animal) tsuri-dasu. 

Enticement, n. equiv. of Entice 
foil, by koto. 

Enticing, a. (alluring) ki (^) ?r<> 

that person has very 

manners, ano hito no yosu wn 
jitsu ni yokute hito no ki iro mnyo- 

Enticinglj', adv. mayowasu yo ni ; 
izanatte ; obiite. 

Entire, a. sokJcuri shita ; juzen ("h^) 
na; zentai (^^s) no; in Chine-se 
compounds zen- (^). 

to have control of, .srl- 

ktcaisH (S&}"S') «• 

the country, zenkoku (:^|i3). 

Entirely, adv. sokkuri; marugoto; 

mam de ; sappari ; juzen ni ; mat- 
taku ; zentai ni. 

not , nvinzara, foU. by the 

neg. of the verb. 


[ -284 ] 


Entirety, n. zentai {^t^) ; sotai (ig, 


Entitle, t.v. (give a claim to) ni 

kenri (^S) wo atae-ru ; (give a name 
to) nilna tco isukeru] meimei{-^^) 
s ; tojtonaeru. 
those d to receive an invi- 
tation, shotai (ffi^) tfo iikeni 
shikaku (^t^) no am kaia. 

to be d to, shikaku ga am, 

or kenri (^iflj) tco yfi (^) s preceded 
by the object to -which one is 

I'^ntity, n. genson^tsu (^'ff^io). 

Entoiiiolog^ieal, a. konchugaku (^ 

^m no. 
Entoinolog'ist, n. konchu-gakusfia 


Eiitomolog-y, n. konchugaku (^g^ 

Entr'aete, n. makttai (||[3]) ; naka- 

Entrails, n. harauata ; zdfu (JSM) I 

i'hd (Jg)- 
Entrance, n. (act of entering) haim 
koto ; (door) genktcan (3SHi) J (door 
■ or gate) iri-kuchi ; hairi-g)ichi ; io- 
guchi ; (of a gate) kado-guchi ; mon- 
tpichi ; (payment at a theatre, etc.) 
kido-sen ; (ditto, at an exhibition, 
etc.) nyiijoryo (ASf14) ; (power of) 
haim yurus?n. 

examination (into a school), 

iiyilgakii-shiken (A^HIet)- 

fee (for membership of a 

society), nyukicaikin (A'&^)- 

into office, shfmin (Sfctt) ; 

shushokii (StK). 
servants' , katte-guchi. 

Entrance, t.v. vttori sase-m. 

Entranced, i.v. to be , kicd- 

kotsu (t)fcte) to sJiite oru ; uttori 
shite oru ; ni/mitore-ni. 

Entrap, t.v. hakarigoto ni otoshi-ire- 
nt ; obiki-komu ; otoshi-ire-ru. 
to be P^, hakarigoto 7ii ochi- 


Entreat, t.v. koi-negau ; tangican (8c 
g|) s ; kongican (IRIS) « ; konsei ^ 

Entreaty, n. tangtcan (DcK) ; koiisei 
(SfS) ; kongican (ffiW) I koi-ncgai. 

Entree, n. to have the of a 

house, ie ni de-hairi ico yurusarete 
om ; ico]uchi-ddyd (1^;^) ni s. 

Entrenchment, n. hdmi (^S). 

Entre nous, nainai (^ <r ) )"' : om- 
mitsu (^^) ni. 

Entrust, t.v. makase-ru ; ituku (^ 
fE) s; lain {^Q:) s; shinnin (fgffi) 
s ; yxdaneru. 

Entry, n. (in a book) kisai (gE|!t) ; 
ki-7iufi (lEA) ; (in a register) turoku 
Oil); foki (gfE); (of a ship into 
harbour) ntfusJiin (A.^) ; nyfik~> l\ 

fee (of a ship), nyiiko-tesnryo 


permit of (of immigrants), 

nyiigoku-menjo (ASf&S^)- 

ship's (the document), »j/a- 

kb-shbmeisho (A^iSWS)- 

ship's fee, nyukbkin (A?^ 

^) ; nyukoryu (A^^)- 

to make an , tdroh-n 


Enumerate, t.v. kazoe4ateru ; 
chikiiichi (^— ) ni iu ; (in order) j«m- 
han (1(9%) ni hanasu ; rekkyo (9i]f^) 
s ; narabe-iate-m ; ichi-ichi kazoern. 

Enumeration, n. rekkyo m^) ; 
and eqniv. of Enumerate foil, by 

Euiuiciate, t.v. (proclaim) hi^oktt 
(^^) * ; sengen (^W) •» ; ii-furasu ; 
(pronoiuice clearly) hakkiri to iu ; 
meihaku {^^) niiu; akiraka ni in. 

Enunciation, n. (announcement) 
hokok^ (^•&); sengen (1[W ) ; "- 
furashi ; (mode of utterance) haisuin 
i^'a) ; (act of) equiv. of Enunciate 
foil, by koto. 

Envelop, t.v. isulsumu ; (as the air) 
tori-inak'u ; (hide) ou ; (surround) hoi 

(as) s. 

to be ed in (as smoke), n>l 


to in, de mak~u. 


[ 285 ] 


Envelope, n. (of a letter) jo-huJcuro ; 
shokan-biikuro ; ffijl-hukuro ; fuhi (^ 

J^); frtto mm; fndzutsu ' mm) : 

[the last two only of Japanese enve- 
loi)es] ; (outer coyering) inca-dzu- 

Enviable, a. uraycDnashU. 

Enviably, adv. urayamashiku. 

Enviableness, n. itrayamashiikoto. 

Envious, a. sonemi-hukai ; netami- 
bukai ; shitto-hiikai ; toshin (^•t>) no 

to be of, ico'i urayamu ; icoj 

urayamash'igaru ; (in bad sense) 
Kojsonemu ; icolnetamM. 

Enviously, adv. umyamite ; wa- 
yande ; (bad) soneniUe ; sonetide ; 
ndamite ; netande. 

Euviousness, n. w-ayamu koto ; 
(bad) netamu koto ; sonemu koto ; 

toshin (M't-) ; •'ihitto mm)- 

Environment, n. lydijil (i^ig) ; 

fhii (HS) nojokyo (^J%). 
Environs, n. kinjo (i/£lVr) ; khnpen 
(iSiS) ; moyori ; atari 

map of the of Tokyo, 

Tokyd-kinko [%'^^)!l%) no dzu (^). 
Envoy, n. (on special mission) shi- 
ftetsu (i^^) ; taishi (-ki^). 

extraordinary and mini- 
ster plenipotentiary, tokumei- 
zenken-kdshi m^M&^i^)- 

Imperial , chokushi ($jjf$). 

peace s, kowa-shi (g^ifl^). 

Envy, n. sonemi ; sJdtto mt$) ; neta- 
mi ; nrayami ; saiki (Jf^,g;) ; toshin 

Envy, t.v. vrayavm ; urayamashiku 
omou ; (in bad sense) sonemu ; neta- 

Epaulet, n. kat'i-jirushl ; kensho (^ 

Ephemera, n. (day-Hy) kagerd (jgi 


Ephemeral, a. ichiji (— ^) no ; 
zaiiji (^D#) no ; hakunal ; moroi. 

life, hakumei (j^^)- 

Epliesians, n. (epistle) Epeso-sho. 

Epicure, n. iabemono-doraku ('M.W ; 
bishokka (^^|^). 

Epidemic, n. ryukdbyo (f;{E^^); 
hayari-y tmai ; ekibyo (^^). 

Epidemic, a. ryukosei (fj^iy\i.) no. 

Epidermis, n. hyohi (MBC) > g^oaihi 

Epigfastric, a. uwahara ( JiJK) no. 

Epig'ram, n. sunteisu (-sfglc) no koto- 
bi ; kikei (^^) na kotoba. 

Epilepsy, n. tenJcan 

Epileptic, n. tenkan-yami. 

Epileptic, a. to have an fit, 

tenkan (^^) ico okosu. 

Epimedium macranthum, i- 


Epilogue, n. ketsubi (i^g) no go 
(ii&); (to a book) batsubun (@tX) ; 

Epiphany, n. gen-iho-jiisu {^%^ 


Episcopal, a. kantoku (g|^) no. 
Episcopalian, a s, Kantoku-ha 

church, Seikokicai (^&#). 
Episode, n. shosetsu (J^^) ; hiki- 

goio. • : . ' 

Epispastic, n. suidashi ; hatsubo 


to apply an , tfiddashi tco 


Epistle, n. shinsho (^#) ; shokin 

(nm)-> Ami ; (N.T.) shito-sho (fgie^ 

to the Romans, liomasho 


first , zensho (flff*^). 

second to the Corinthians, 

Konnto-kosho (§^^4c^^i5). 
Epistolary, a. sJdnsho (iU^) no; 
si'iokan (fifjfj) no; (of style) seki- 
dolmtai Ot'^m no. 
Epitaph, n. himei (0$f,); htbuu {Hlf 
■5t) ; sekihi (:ffjit) no mei {^) ; ishi- 

Epithet, n. keiyoshi (Jf^^M)- 


[ 28G_J EQU 

Equauimity, n. (calmness) heiki (^ 
^) ; (without anxiety) anshin (^jC>) ; 
onnn (^^) ; ansei ($gf). 

f^quation, n. (algebra) hotelshiki C;)^ 

cubic , sanjo-hoieishiki (H^ 

differential , hihun-lioteiihiki 

, quadratic , jijd-fidteisJnki ( g 

^:^©.^); niji-ltoteishiki (n=k:ft 

Kqiiator, n. nekklo (^-M,)- 

Equatorial, a. sekulo (I5;lfi) i*o. 

Kqiiatorial, n. (telescope) sekido-gi 

Kquerry, n. ie^o (J3lJ^) ; (naval or 
military, to a prince) kicozoku-dzuki 
hukrcuH (imnmt); (to the Sov- 
ereign )jy«-?;i(Air«/i (f^iS^'i"). 

Ecitiostrian, a. hajutsu (||{K) »m ; 
'>o;o (Hi) MO ; /ttJ^a (^H) no. 

feats, hrjnt.tu ; hajo no <jti 

K<iiiiaii^iilai% a. heU,:nku (^ft) ho ;. 
toknku (^ft) no. 

Equidistant, a. do-kyori (!^ai(S) 

Eqiiilati'ral, a. tuhpn (^iS) «<>. 

triang^le, tohen-sank'ikkei 

Kquilibriuill, n. tsuri-ai ; heiko {^ 
»); heikin (^i^) ; kenko (fg«f); 
kinsei (l^fj-). 

Equinoctial, a. h!>jnn (iSl^) /w; 
chiiya-heihun (S^^^) ho. 

Equinox, n. h'njnn ; chuya-helhnn (g 

autumnal , aki (|^) no hignn 

C^m: shnhun(1k^). 

vernal , haru (^) no hiyan 

(^^) ; shumbun (#^). 
Equip, t.v. 7iolydi (MM) «; ^w/shi- 
triku (ffc^) js ; seiU (^%) s. 

to a ship, (jiso (gl^) 5. 

to an army, g-iinsd (^fS) s ; 

f^>n6t (¥iiS) •^• 

to with , )d ifo 


Epitome, n. kbgai (S#|) ; yoryaku 
(^"5-) ; 1-yakusetsu (^i^) ', satsuyo 
(ttS); iaiyo (;^15); tairyaku (:^ 
1^) ; (of a play) svji-gaki. 

Epitomize, t.v. ryaku (§.) s ; uafcu 
(jt^) s ; kanryaku (jgj^l^) « ; satsuyo 
(ffi3?) « ; ryakujo (%Wb s ; no/yoten 
(%Hi) ^fo tsumamu. 

Epoch, n. juiai (^fi) ; >i«jidat (^ 
ft) ; 7cif7c>i (IEtc) ; iokiyo ; jiki (^ 

Ep.som-salts, n. shari-en (^flJH). 

Equable, a. ichiyo (— ^) ?ia ; A-t/4- 
itsu (^—)na; mura no nai. 

Equableness, n. eqtuv. of Equa- 
ble foil, by koto. 

Equably, adv. ichiyo (— ^) ni ; kin- 
it.'ni (i^— ) ni ; mura nakxi. 

Equal, a. ichiyo (— |^) na ; hitoshii ; 
doitsu {^~) no; (fair) byodo (^K) 
na ; kin-itsu (i^ — ) no ; knicari no 
nai; (in ix)sition) doto (^^) no; 
(of a treaty) tailo (ff^) {no). 

to (equivalent to), ni atunt ; 

ni soto (-1^^) sunt. 

in parts, tobun (^^) ni. 

to have intercourse on 

terms, (Zo^o ([^|p) no rei (ig) iro 

molte majitoaru. 

Equal, n. (in position) dohai (^|g); 
doto (^9) no mono; (in strength) 
nite ni juint mono. 

to be the of (in power), to/ 

kata ICO narabe-iii. 

to be treated as an , gohu- 

•jobu no tsuki-ai tco sare-ru. 

Equal, t.v. tojichiyo (— S) ni nam; 
tofbyodo (-^IfC) ni nam ; tojhitteki s ; 
nijotoranai. ■~^' 

Equalitj', n. (Zo<o (|^|fE); Itifleki (gC 
^) ; kin-itsu (J^— ) ; hyodo (^^). 

Equalize, t.v. ichiyo (— ^) ni s; 
doto ni s ; kin-itsu (i^—) tns; kinto 
(i^^) sase-1-u. 

Equally, adv. ichiyo (— ^) ?u ; doto 
(f^l?) ni ; byodo {^^) ni ; doyo (@ 
^) ni ; hitoshiku ; onajikii ; kake- 
hedate naku ; (without discrimina- 
tion) mnsabetsu (ftf||3l|) ni. 


[ 287 ] 


JCqiiipment, n. selsuhi {'^^) ; .shi- 
tah-u (itm; seibi (S||i) ; (act of) 
equiv. of Equip foil, by koto ; (of 
an army) qunsb (ip#§) ; gumhi (^ 
^) ; teate ; " sobi (^^) ; (of a gim, 
etc.) sochi (^S) ; (of a ship) giso ; 
(of a soldier) qunju (1^^) ', gunki 

Kqiiitable, {&ci) faheti (:^(jg) no; 
kohei (^^) no ; icatakushi naki ; 
(person) renchoku (^[S;) no. 

Kqilittlbly, adv. kohei (S-^^) ni; 

kosei (S-iE) ni ; hempi {MM) wxkii ; 

Kquity, n. kodo (Sit) ; kosn (-ja^JE) ; 

jori mm ; (law) koheiho [m'vm 

JOqJiivalent, a. alaru dake no ; soio 
(ffl^) *'"■" ; (i^ quality) doshitsu ([^ 
•^i no; doto (If^l?) no. 

to be to, ni/ataru ; io/doyo 

de aru. 

Kqiiivaleiit, n. soto (ffl®) -fhila 
mono ; tsuriatta mono. 

to be the of, (as, an Eng. 

word of a Jap. expr.) ni/ate-hama- 
ru ; nijtekiio (i^^) s. 

li^qiiivocal, a. alnmi (ig^) na ; mi- 
iei (t^/S) no ; fushin (/fC^) no ; 
ibukn.ihii ; hakkiri shinai ; bonyari 
shila ; fumei (^?^) no ; futamata no. 

I<]qiiivocally, adv. aimai ni ; initei 
ui ; fumei ni ; fushin ni ; bonyari to ; 
ihukashilai ; dochira {.lukadzu ni. 

lOquivocate, i.v. aimai na koto wo 
hi ; ainvd na go (|S) ico hakn ; (pre- 
varicate) kotoha ICO vigosK. 

J'](|liivooati<»u, n. aimai na koto wo 
in koto ; (prevarication) (onj! (j®^) ; 
ii-mdi'e. - 

Kra, n. fidu! (H^f^); kigen (IBtc); 
nenki (^^H) ; jisei (Djf;) ; (title of 
year-period) vengo (^^). 

during- the of Ky6h6, 

Kyohd-nenkiDi (^f-IJ^)- 

first year of an , gicanneii. 

li^radicatc, t.v. (destroy thoroughly) 

no/ne wo tatsu ; ne-kogi ni s ; tayasu ; 
t.sukusu ; nedaynshi s ; (all trace of) 
no/ato ICO tnfsn. 

Eradication, n. ne-kire ; nedayashi. 

Erase, t.v. kesu ; kedzuru ; suri-kesu ; 
kaki-kesu ; massatsu {^fS[) s ; .tikii- 
30 m\m -^ ; tomat.m (^i*) s. 

Eraser, n.ji-keshi. 

Erasure, n. mkujo (M^)- 

Erelong', adv. yagate. 

Erect, t.v. tatem. ; (a Buddhist tem- 
ple) konryu (j^ic) s ; (a Shinto tem- 
ple or royal palace) zoei (i^*§^) * < 
(build) taferu ; (machinery) setchi 
(WtW.) •'' ; (P'^t together a machine) 
kumi-tate-ru ; ' (telegraphs, etc.) ka- 
setsu (*gS:) *'• 

to the head (as a snake), 

kama-kubi wo tateru. 

Erect, a. ma.s.$ugu ntt ; chokxtritsn 

Erection, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Erect foil, by koto ; (building) ken- 
rhikti (^|g) ; zoei (jgi^) ; (of machi- 
nery) .sefrJii (^E) ; (physiol.) bokki 


Erectly, adv. massugu ni. 
Ergot, n. bakitdo {^^). 
Eriobotrya japonica, biica (Ift 

Erosion, n. .shinshoku (gfij) ; /«)- 

.shoku (#ftfc). 
Err, i.v. samayoxi ; mayou ; aynmaru; 
kokoro-chlgai .1 ; gokdi (I^U?) s. 

to on the side of severity, 

koku ni shissuru (■^), or siigi-ru. 

Errand, n. tsukai ; (purpose) yoji 

to go on an , tsukai ni ikti. 

Errand-boy, n. tsukai ; kodzukai ; 

tsukai no mono. 
Erratic, a. (eccentric) henkutsu ^|g 

5gJ) na ; kikyo (^)®) ni ; (uncertain) 

fu-kimari nn ; futei C^^) na ; 

(wandering) .tumni 7*0 kimaranai; 

.samayoH ; teisho (/£/9i) no nai. 
Erratically, adv. (eccentrically) 

henkidsu ni ; (uncertainly) fu-kimari 

ni ; fi( ni ; (wandering) teitho 



[ 288 ] 


Erratum, n. (correction) ieisei (|T 
IE) ; seigo (jEf^) ; (error) ayamari ; 
'.ir>ji (fS^) ; saJcufjo (0^) ; r/ohyfi (^ 


table of errata, set'/ohyo (iEl^ 

Erroneous, a. macldriatta ; ayamat- 
ta ; gohyu (a^^) no ; /usei (:^iE) Jia ; 
/»<o (^^) na. 

to be , machigau ; ayatnaru. 

Erroneously, adv. machigatte ; 
iiyamatle; fusei (^iE) nt. 

Error, n. kokoroe-chigai ; ryoken- 
chigai ; gohyu (IJI^) ; ayamachi ; 
shissaku (^^) ; kicashitsu (JS^) ; 
(in calculation) kanjo-chlga!. 

clerical , kaki-sokonni; sko- 


printer's , goshoku (^^). 

to show (a man) his s, tcoj 

setlokx (m^) * ; wlikcn (S;^) s ; 

ni/kydkai (tfcjjl) .v. 

Eructate, i.v. iru]oknhi ga </en< ; 
geppu ?ro..v. 

Eructation, n. okuhi ; ;/?j>pi(. 

Erudite, a. hak-ugaku (f$.^) lui ; 
<70i7ia^-u (f|(RJ) no; hakushiki {f^^) 
nt ; sekigaku (^^) no. 
person, monoshiri. 

Erudition, n. kakugaku (t9^|t) ; 
hakushiki {t$^) ; galcushiki {^^). 

Erupt, i.v. funkica {1^'M) s. 

Eruption, n. (med.) fushin (^^) ; 

hasshin (^$0); fukidemojw; {\o\- 


Erysipelas, n. tandoka 0']-^). 

Erytlironiuni j>-ran<Iifioruni, 


Escalade, t.v. hufihigo de noboru. 
Escapade, n. Itadzura ; ramho (|L 

I'jSCape, i.v. nogare-m ; nlge-ru ; dafi- 
suni ; nige-dasu ; tohi (j^ig) .t ; tosb 
(iS*) s. 

to death by a miracle, 

hanshi (jl^^) ni issei (— ife.) wo 

to from prison, dakkan (IK 

S) js ; daisugoku (Kilt) «. 

Escutcheon, n. vwn 


pjScape, t.v. sakeru ; nogare ru ; nige- 
ru ; tohi (x6j®) f ', (avoid) mamdcure- 

Escape, n. trM CSW ; ^osd (j^sai) ; 
(from prison) dakkan ', datsugoku ; 
(leakage) mori. 

to have one's cut off, nige- 

ha Ji'o %ishinau. 

way of , nige-michi. 

Escort, n. keiei (Ipfg) ; 'joei (MW '• 
keigo (^Bl) ; (of a i)risoner) goso (,j/^; 

Escort, t.v. (accompany) okiiru ; go- 
TO (W£) « ; (protect) goei (M^) « ; 
keiei (mm) --^ ; /ve^Xlpa)*. 

m); kisho 

Esophagrus, n. shok^tdo (^ii) ; 

shokkican (^^). 
Esoteric, a. okugi (|tl6) no ; hiden 

(K'fS) »o; jfofctj-i (feg.l;) wo; dayO 

(-A-3R) no. 

philosophy, hikyo (^.^C)- 

EsiHJCial, a. (fr|}jlj) no; 

hetsudan (3lJS[) no; (excei)tional) 

iokuhetsu {^Ji^M) no ; kakudan (ii^WL) 

no; kalcugwai (t^^) no. 
Esi>ecially, adv. kaknhettni {^M) 

ni ; hetsudan (aljg^) ni ; (!^ 

glj) ni; hesshile ; torl-ioake ; koto- 

sara ni; kakudan (t^B^) ni; kaku- 

gicai (t^^h) ni ; koto ni. 

as, knra ^jes.shite. 

it is wrong to strike an 

old man, tori-uake r'j'ni {^\) 
iro butsu no tea icarui. 
Espionajre, n. kancho (f^\%) ; (an- 

M (^(ft) ; tan.s-aku (^^). 
Espousal, n. ii-nadzvkc. 
EsiJOUSe, t.v. (give in marrluge) ii- 

nadzuke s ; endzuke-rx ; (wed) mukae- 

ru ; tojkonrei (li^jS) * > to/kekkon 

aam) «• 

to the cause of, no/kaia jro 


Esprit-de-corp.s, u. dbhoshin ([n] 

WL't^) ; liotoshin mM't'-). 
Espy, t.v. mit-fnke-ru ; 7ui-dnsH ; mi- 



[ 289 ] EST 

Kssay, n. (literary) ?<m?i (^) ; romhun 

K.ssayist, n. rombunka (tm'^'M)- 

l-i-sseiice, n. (jensel (yt^) ', seikl (fj^ 
M.) ; sei (i^) ; shimhid (,^fg) ; (of a 
material object) hons/dtsu (^JO ; (of 
a perfume) koki (^M.)- 

impartiality is the of 'tire 

law, kohei (•ii-^) ica hotntsu (J£ 
^) no kosshi (<^^) da. . ■ 

the of civilization, hummel 

the of true politeness, rei- 

9'*- (iJiiSI) '*o '«o)i-t (2js:;i;)- 

Ksseutiill, a. (imiiortant) nakereha 
naranu ; kanj'oi (flf <ll<) na ; kanyo (fp 
5?) na ; s/(.».vo (^^) na ; Ajht/o (^§?) 

element, /yoio (^^). 

oils, kihatsxi-ya ( ^f^rtfl )• 

parts, kanyo na tokoro. 

points, yoten ('iSgi). 

Essential, n. ydken (lift-)- 

Essoiitially, adv. gen (J^) ni ; jitsu 
(K) '*^ ; honzen (2jsC*S) j/ori ; s/iw 
(It) »i ■. *"''"'.!/'> (iSlc) "i- 

Kstablisli, t.v. iate-ru ; tori-tate-ru ; 
moke-ru ; (an institution, company, 
etc.) setsurrtsu (gJi) s ; (a fact) /.:«- 
fcM<ei (S^S) .V ; (as, a new family) 
soritsu {p\^) s ; (fix) sadame-ru ; 
(place in position) setchi (WtW) ■''• 

ed (already tixed), kltei (gJt 

^) no. 

ed fact, ta.shika ?kj jijltsu 


to a hospital, hyoia (f^fj^) 

ICO hirakit. 

to a regulation, ki.'ioku (^ 

RU) ICO moke-ru. 

to an intimacy (with a per- 
son), toi'kokoroya.sitku nam. 

to relations with, tolkosoti 

(^^) f^o fiiraku ; (with an in- 
dividual) tolkpsai (^^) ico mu- 

]*]s(:ablisliuicilt, n. .•^et.suritsu ; ao- 
ri7.^■u ; seitei (35^) ; and equiv, of 
Establish foil, by koto. 

peace , Iieijl-telln (T'DJSA)- 

to keep up a large ica] 

kurashi-mnki rja yuiaka de aru. 
war , senji-ieiin (S^^^^). 

Estate, n. (a property) shoyiichi {fff 

^Jflj) ; jisho (J^%) ; (of a deceased 

person) isan (i(g^) ; (iiei-soEal) .shhi- 

sho ( ^ Jt) ; shindai ( ^ f^). 

bankrupt , hasan-midan (^ 

real ,fudosan (/pfjJ^O. 

Esteem, t.v. (respect) tattomu ; iat- 
tobu ; omonji-ru ; kicho i^:£) s ; 
sonkyd (^§i) .s ; kei (^'x) s:, ay imau ; 
(value) moie-hayasu ; chinrfio (^^) 
s ; shokwan (1^^) *'. 

Esteem, n. sonkyd (f^^jt) ; kicho 
(itffi); sonclio (^.fi) ; <t>j<i)iip ; ioto- 
mi ; taitohi. 

Estimable, a. tatfol/u-lekl ; omo.i- 
zubeki ; kei-subeki ; sonkyo-subeki ; 
A;if/<o ("MS) f^ubeki. 

Estimate, t.v. tsumoru ; mitnu- 
moru ; (beforehand) yosokit (]^)Hi)) s ; 
(cost of a thing or undertaking) yo- 
.va;i (B^^) s; (money valno of an 
article) nebumi s ; hyoka (If-fl^) .s-. 

d value, mitsumori-kfujnku. 

Estimate, n. mi-tsumorl ; (of the cost 
of an undertaking) yosan {%,%) ; 
(of the value of an article) hyoka (,|*li 
■(g) ; nebumi. 
army s, rikwjnn-yo.ian (jt^^jC 

budget s, yosan. 

navy s, kaigun-yosan {^iiJ% 

rough , gaisan (i^'^). 

written , tsumori-gaki. 

Estimation, n. (calculation) mit^n- 
mori ; keisan (Hf^) ; also see Es- 

Estrailg'e, t.v. tozake-ru; ntonji-rn,; 
tadoshiku s ; soen {^^) ni s. 

to be d, idzak(H'u ; utoulo- 

shiku nam; soen ni nam; twJo' 
shiku nam. . . , 

Estraiig'Cd, a. utoutoshii; reitan 
(]^^) ni natta ; toddshii. 


[ 290 ] 


Kstrangeinent, n. soea (B^^) ; 
kakui (HIS) ; rikan (1^^) ; kakuri 
(Jf^1$) ; (act of) equiv. of Estrange 
foil, by koto. 

Kstreat, t.T. (bail) bosshu O^) «• 

Kstuary, n. kako (fSfP) ; trie. 

Et cetera, nazo ; to (^) ; wmn 

Etch, t.v. shokuru (|j||ft) s. 
Etching', n. (art of) s>toki(ru-juisu 

Eternal, a. eikyu (^X) "O ; mtikyu 
(fei§5) no; mugen (j||[R) no; fukyu 

7ftw.5/tr< (|toJ&Sl^) no ; eien (4ciS) no ; 

fLiei (^it) no;fumetsxi (:^ijS) no; 

tokoyo no. 
Eternally, adv. ejAi/M (ritX) "»; 

mukifu (JSK) ni ; mugen (JR^) "i ! 

fukyu (^ifj) ni ; kagtri nakii ; eien 

(4fS) n«; ewei (tJcS:) "i '. fumetsu 

(^JlS) ni ; tokoyo ni. 
l']ternity, n. eifcy« (fk\) ; mukyu 

( ta|?) ; mwgen (*8|5R) ; /«fcyM (^f5) ; 

t'lpn (fi(.fA) ; eisei (rjtlt) ; tokoyo. 
Ether, n. (chem.) * rficW;^) ; feUd 


Ethereal, a. (heavenly) ten (^) no ; 
(light) kihaku (#2$) no ; (splritaal) 
rei (S) no. 

Ethical, a. shUshin ((|^j|)no; rinri 

(f&S) no; tokugi (|gSI) no; rinri- 

'f/'-i (fi&aW) no. 
Ethically, adv. rinri (Ji|S|) <le ; rin- 

riteki {^^(fy) ni. 
Ethics, n. rinrigakx {i<S[^f^); .shfi- 

shingaku (g^j^) ; rinri (j&3l). 
EthnolOgrical, a. jin.sliugakti { \g[ 

f^) no ; jinruigaku ( A5®!^) no 
Ethnologrist, n. jinrui-gak^i.sha (A 


Ethnologr>'» n. jin-shttgaku (AS^); 
jinruigaku (\^^). 

Etiquette, n. reigi (|5i|) : reiho 
(jj®^) ; saho (f^ji) ; reis/iiA-; (jggj^:). 

Etymologrical, a.jigaku (%^^) no ; 
seijigaku (J£^^) no ; gogengaku 
(IS^>$) no- 

Etyinologically, adv. jigaku (J^ 
J^) de ; seijigaku (JEfK^) d'« '. gogen- 
gokvjo (mi^i^l.). 

Etymology, n. (in grammar) hln- 
shi-ron (Sif^tSi); gorui-ron (BMtn)', 
(of a given word) okori; (the study) 
jigaku (S^^) ; seijigaku (lESi?-^). 

EucharLst, n; seihansan (^BftS^ 5 
Shu (^.) no hansan (Bft§|f ). 

Eulogistic, a. equiv. of Eulogize 
used as adj. ; shoshi (3^13) no ; sfio- 
toku (^^) no. 

Eulogize, t.v. shbsan (3^^) .« ; sam- 
'" (iKH) * ; home-soyasu . 

Eulogy, n. sJioshi (i^gpi) ; sfiosan 
CSIr) ; home-kotoha ; (written) .iho- 
iokuhun (i ' 

Eunuch, n. enkican (fi^'g) : enjin 
(^A); t kicangican C^t)- 

Eupatoriuin Japonicuin, fuji- 

Euphonical, a, goro {^ ^) no yoi ; 
onrfio (08^)^*0 yoi. 

Euphony, n. goro (sgg). 

Eurasian, u. ninoko. 

EuroiM', n. Yoroppa (gJ^SE) ; dnhu 


and America, 0-Bei(fl{^). 

to proceed to , yoAo (fj^ 

?f ) •>••• 
European, a. Yoroppi (BcJSG) 
no : Ov/(« (S)jfHl) no ; (as opp. to 
Oriental) seiyo (fS^) ^^o '> achira no. 

writing, yokomoji (filX^-). 

European, n. Ydroppa-jin (^JSE, 
A); Oshfijin (IK9HA): (as opp. to 
Oriental) seiyojin (j^J'^ A)- 
Eiirya jai)onica, .sakaki. 

Euscaphys staphyleoicles, Ai- 

tsune no chahukuro ; gonzui. 

Evacuate, t.v. (a house, of a tenant) 
ake-icatasu ; (from the bowels) ku- 
dasu ; (mil., a place) tekkyo (JUi) s ; 
iaikyo (il=fe) .v ; teitai (^ftig) v ; tep- 
pei (JSC:^) s ; (quit) hiki-fiarau ; hiki- 
ageru ; jokyo (K5^) •'•■ ; tarhi-noku. 


[ 291 ] 


Evacuation, n. hiki-harai; tachi- 
noki; jokyo (1^*) ; f^aijo {^m ; 
hiki-age ; (by army of occupation, 
etc.) iekkyo (JSti); teppei; teitai; 
(from the bowels) haisetsubutsu (^ 
ft4^) ; (mil.) taijin (ig^) ; tnikyo 

Bvade, t.v. sake-m ; yoke-ru ; nianu- 
kare-ru ; (by stratagem) kit gum ; 
nuke-ru ; nogare-ru. 

to a tax, datsuzel (JS:^) .1. 

to capture, hohaku 

iro nogare-ru. 

to punishment, isuml ico 


Kvauesceuce, n. haka)ml koto ; 
kie-useru koto. 

I'jVaiiescent, a. kle-it.se7-u ; hnka- 

J^^vangolical, a. ..^... association, 

Fukuin-kyokuai (TiS#^#). 

J']vailg"elist, n. (preacher) sekkyo- 
sha (tm^)\ denkyosha {B^^); 
demloHha (^it#)- 

Evang"elizo, i.v. dendo (^iH) « ; 
fukiiin (i®"^) ICO tsutae-rtt. 

Evaporate, i.v. kie-ru ; jdhaisu (^ 
51) •*>■ ; j'>««« (^ai:) -^ ; ha.f.san (^ 

li]vaporate, t.v. kiesase-ru ; johatsu 
sase-ru ; josan (^^) sn.<ierxi ; Aas- 
.san (5#iit) sase-ru. 

EvaiM>ration, n. jdhatsn (j^jg) ; 
josaR (^U[) ; /tas.san (f^ic). 

Evasion, u. (eluding pressure of an 
argument) nogare-kojo ; il-nuke ', ton- 
j>' (»fif5^) • iiige-kajo ; (of a tax) hoda- 

J'^vasivo, a. kosui ; ketsvduu (^K) 

answer, nlge-kojo ; ii-nufce ; 

/onji (iSa^)- 

to give an answer, vmaku 

kolnetc iiige-i-u ; wnaku ii-nuke 

jco s. 
Evasively, adv. U-nukete. 
I'^ve, n. (of a festival) yoi-matsuri. 

Even, a. (equal) hitoshii; icAij/o (— 
^) na; a'lko no [in a game] ; (flat) 
taira na ; heltan (^JU) na \ (not odd) 
gnsH (f^tt) no ; cho (T) 'w. 

and odd, kigfi (^fS) ; cko- 


nunibers, '/'<•«« (fSft) ; cho- 


Even, adv. mo ; sae mo. 

allowing that, sore ni shita 

tokoro ga. 

animals have feelingfs, 

kedamono de sae mo jo [^) to iu 
mono rra aru. 

my clothes were burnt, 

kimono made mo yaketa. 

supposing that, expr. by 

tatoi foil, by mo or ni mo shiro. 
though, expr. by mo pre- 
ceded by the gerund of tiie verb it 

you would not believe it, 

anata de sae mo go shin-yo (^}\\) 

I can hear it now, inui de 

mo kikoeru. 

I have not a chair to sit 

on, koshi ico kakeru -isu sura mo 

I would not have it at 

one sen, issen de mo iya da. 

five or six hundred, go- 

hyaku naL'ihi (TIrM) roppyaku. 

Evenlianded, a. kata-yoranu ; eko- 
hiiki (dScfA&M) "O "ai ; kohei (^^) 
na\ hempa (il^t$0 no nai; kosei (^ 
J£) n't. 

Evening-, n. ban (VSt) ; hi-titre; yil; 
yfii/ain; yukoku (^%\); yiikei (fy 

come in the , banhodo ide 


good , kOfirJban (T*Bjfe) tea. 

prayer, yu no inori ; hanto 

roll-call, nisseki-tenko (H 

star, yoi no myojo {WlM.)- 

the glow (of the sky), 


the of life, hannen (Bft^). 

yesterday , yilbe; sakuhan 

EVE [ 292 ] 


Eveningr-glory, n. yugao. 

Eveiiing-priliirose, n. (Oenothera) 

ts^tkimi-so. - 

Evenly, adv. taira ni ; heitan (^ifl ) 
ni ; hitoshiku ; ichiyo (— ^) ni ; (im- 
imrtially) kosei (S^iE) »ii ". hempa 
(Dii^) ncik-ti; eko-hiiki (ft-tefiM) 
uakK ; kohei {&^) ni. 

Evenness, n. heitan (^JH) ; iaira ; 
(impartially) kohei (S-^) ; (of tem- 
per) odayaka na koto ; omca (JS 
*n) ; heion (^ffi). 

Evensong:, n. bmitd 

Event, n. koto ; jiken (^f^-) ; (/eA;{- 
<7o/o ; (unexpected) guzen (fS^) '*'^ 
a happy , /.eyi (S*)- 

an happens, koto ga am; 

jikcH ga okoni. 

at all s, to ni kaku. 

in the of, setsu tea; {no) 

baai ni, hi ni tea, or akatsuki ni 
ira, following jiast tense of verb ; 

moshi toki ni ica. 

in the natural course of s, 

tenn''n (^^*) makase ni shite oite. 

the natural course of s, 

.slt'iz^n {J^f^,) no ikioi. 

Even-tempered, a. odayaka na ; 

ki (M.) no yoi ; ki ni mura no nai ; 

onicd (i£W) na ; heion (-^PH) na. 

Eventful, a. taji (|P^) no. 

Even-tirte, n. yilkokv, (^M) I V^- 
kata ; hikure. 

Eventuality, n. a possible (but 

improbable) , man-ichi (|^— ) 

no koto. 

Eventually, adv. tsui ni ica ; shi- 
mai ni ica ; saigo (§^) ni ; kekkyo- 

Ever, adv and anon, toki- 

doki ; oj'j-ori. 

BO many times, ikutahito 


so much, ikura de mo; takti- 

san (rlllj) ; gyosan (PplU) ; tasho 
(^^) 'fo toiradzu. 

for , bandai (^f^) no sue 

made; eikyu (^^) ni; kagiri 
nakit ; itsu made mo. 

have you seen? ariata ica 

mita koto ga gozaimasii ka. 

just as , tsxine notoj-i; ilsn- 

mo no tori. 
Evergreen, n. tokiica-gi. 
Everlasting:, a. handai-fueki {:ffi^ 
7p.$j) no; bansei-fakyu (TlW^Iri) 
no; milky ft (S^) no; kagiri naki; 
T. also Eternal. 

life, eisei {j^^K 

Every, a. is generally expr. by tho 
adv. mina, or ono-ono, OTidzurem>, 
placed immediately before the verb. 

body, f?a?'e de mo. 

country, kakkokni (^^) ; 

.shokoku (^^). 

day, mainichi (^P). 

inch, doko kara mitt' mo; 

tdto-tetsubi (^SMfiSM) '■> mattaku. 

one, (each) meimei (^A)i 

tende ni ; (polite) mlna san. 

other day, ichinidd (—W) 

oki ni ; kakvjitsu (fi^ 11 ) ni. 

single thing, nani mo k<x 


thing, nan de mo ; hanji (7j 

m) ; ■'^Hi (IS$) ; ''««'o» (7ji^)- 
Thursday, inoknyo (^f^) 

goto ni ; mtii-mokvi/' 

verb), iambi 

time (^\^th 
[at end of clause]. 

week, maisht't (^j§). 

EveryAvhere, adv. kahmsho (^f'Jj) 
ni ; amaneku ; doko de mo ; doko mo 
ka mo ; hobo {^j ^); doko ni mo ; 
sholio (^^) ni ; itaru tokoro ni. 
Evict, t.v. (drive out) oi-ttasu. 

to from a house, ni/uchi 

uo akesa.sent ; tachi-nokaseru ; 
nijtana-tate wo kmcasemi [the latter 
is vulgar and refers more par- 
ticularly to where rent 
due has not been paid.] 
Eviction, n. equiv. of Evict foil, by 

Evidence, u. shoko (gt{i|) ; (spoken) 
shogcii (=Sa'); (trace, clue) kelseki 
(B}&) ; f^tkl (^M-) ; (written) sho- 
f^ho (|I§). 

the taking of , .^hoko-shirahe 

[Civ. Pro.]. 

written copy of , cliasho (ig 



[ 293 ] 


Evident, a. meiryo (W]IK) na ; aki- 
raka na ; meihaku (?^S) na ; utagai 
no nai ; ganzen (BRlfj) shireia. 

it is , utagai wanal; chigai 

ica nai ; soi (tH»^) nai ; wakari- 
kitie iru ; shire-kitte ii-u. 

Evidently, mlv. soi (ffi®;) naku ; 
■utagai naku ; tashika ni ; genzen (§^ 
B) to. 

Evil, n. (depra-vity) aku (^) ; fu7-yd 
(l^H) ; hi-zen (:^#) ; akushin (W-. 
jt») ; (harm) 5f«i (f^) ; tcazaicai ; sai- 

Evil, a. afthlki ; tcarui ; in Chinese 
compounds «/cj< (^) ; (unfortunate) 
in Chinese compounds kyo (^). 
deed, akuji (M^)'^ alcugyo 


face, akusb (^;ffi). 

hearted, afcws/o'u (^.t>) no; 

kokoro no wand. 

man, akunin (-^ A)- 

practice, akuhei (^5?^). 

speaking- (abtise), akko (^ 

n) ; mmfishiri. 

spirits, akkl (^;^) ; akuma 

thoughts, akunen (W:^^)- 

tidings, kyoho(^^). 

Evil-speaking', n. nonoshiri ; akko. 

Evince, t.v. arawasu. 

to be d, arawareru. 

Evoke, t.v. yohi-dasu. 

to applause, kassui (i^jR) 

ICO hiku. 
Evolution, n. (arith.) kalhei-kalryu 
(BfWBHi) ; (development) hattatsu 
(M^) ; shinkwa (ji^'ffc) ; kaihatsu (gg 
.?!) ; (biol.) shinkwa (jiffc). 

doctrine of , shinktcaron (jjg 


s (as, of a fleet), siiren (^$^) ; 

kido-ensha (MW])^il^)- 

theory, shinkmiroa (Mitim)- 

Evolve, i.v. shinkica (ig-ft) s ; hat- 
tatsu (^^) s ; hatten (^^) s. 

Evolve, t.v. (educe) hiki-idasu ; in- 

Evonymtis radioans, masaki no 
kadzura ; tsuru-maki ; (e. olatus) 
7iishiki-gi ; (e. japonicus) masaki. 

Ewer, n. midzu-game. 

Ewry» D- naizenkica (ft|g^). 

Ex-, zen- (Iff) ()io) ; saki no. 

Exacerbation^ n. chonetsu (i§)B)- 

Exact, t.v. tori-tate-ni ; hataru ; 
hatari-toru ; shilren (j}5c®() s ; shiite 

Exact, a. (minute) kmcnshii ; seisai 
ii^M) na ; seimitsu (1^^) na ; mem- 
mitsu (^S^) 7in ; (precise) kichomen 
na ; genju {WtWi) na ; (precisely 
stated) .seimitsu (ij^^) na ; kichin to 
au; seikaku (fe^fi^) na; tadashii; 
chigaicanai ; sumbttn tagaicanai. 

Exacting, a. nmdzukashii. 

Exaction, n. muridori. 

8, shilren (Jftfit) ; (money 

levied) toritate-kin. 

Exactly, adv. (carefully) seimitsu (t§ 
^) ni ; seikaku (lEfiS) ni ; teinei ( ]' 
^) ni ; (just) chodo (TJS) ; 'ida- 
kamo ; (with preciseness) kichomen 
ni ; genju (^fi) ni ; sumhun taga- 
wadzu ; kichin to. 

at 8 o'clock , kikkari hacMji 


Exactness, n. tansei (^ft§) ; sehniisu 
(M^f) ; seikahni {1^{t^) ; (careful ob- 
servance of method, etc.) kichomen 
na koto; genju (^^) i)a koto; katai 

I'^xajjgerate, t.v. ukiku iu ; luxlai 
{j^k)ni Jianasu; ogesa ni iu ; ogyo 
(:k'M) »" "« ; gybsan (Will) ni ii-t'tte- 
ru ; gydgydshiku (^ ^<WC) iu. 

Exaggerate, i.v, hora ico fuku ; 
o make too iu ; hari fiodo no koto tco bo 
hodo ni iu [prov. meaning " to speak 
of a needle as if it were a club "] ; 
also equiv. of Exaggerate [t.v.]. 

Exaggerated, a. ogesa na ; kodai 
(I^^T »« ; gyosan (IJplll) na. 

to have an opinion of, tc-)/ 


Exaggeration, n. bgi/b (A-3i?); 
gyogybshisa ; (act of) equiv. of Ex- 
aggerate foil, by koto. 


[ 294 ] 


Exalt, t.v. agame-ru ; takanie-i-u ; 
mochi-age-ru ; katsngu. 

to one's self, iakahuru ; ogo- 

ru ; iukti't (f#t§;) ni naru. 

Kxaltation, n. equiv. of Exalt foil. 
by knto ; (of spirit) tichoien (>^tP[5^)- 

£xaite(l, a. (of rank) koki (MS.) no ; 
(of sentiments, etc.) kosho (|g^J) na. 

Cxailliiiatioil, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Examine foil, by koto ; (in know- 
ledge) shiken (H^) ; (law) ghnmi (9^ 
1^); shhnmmi (^^^) ; shinri (^3) ; 
twi-shirahe ; sbirabe ; (of a subject) 
chosa (1^^) ; tori-shirabe ; sJunsa 
(S^); (of things) kensa (}&!£); 
civil service , toyo-skiken (g 

competitive , kyoso-shiken 


of witnesses, shon!n-.s/i'nabe. 

final , shfmiatsxt-shiken (J^jfC 


oral , koto-shiken (U^^%). 

preliminary , yohi-shiken (Jj^ 

HmS) ; (in court) yoshin (BRIF) : 
j/o.s/< in-torlsh irahe. 

to fail in an , rakudai (^^,) 


to pass in an , kyfidal (ifc,^) 

s ; shiken ga toni. 

written , h ikki-shiken (|f^ 

written statement of an 

(in a court), g'nmni-clioshn (B^Hjp^ 

Examine, t.v. kensa s ; aralame-ru ', 
kensfitsn (Jr^) s ; (a patient) shin- 
satsii (s^g?) A- ; shitul^ni (="^8^) s ; (a 
subject) chosa (1^^) s ; t m-shirale- 
iM ; shinMt (8FS) •'* ; (a witness) ji()/(- 
vim (SIPH) « [Civ. Pro., Cr. Pro.] ; (in 
knowle<lge) shiken (^|^) s\ (law) 
shinri (US) * J giynmi (u^^) s ; .s/e/m- 
7no« (^fSl) s; iacJasu; tori-sldrahe- 
iM ; shiraberu ; (under a microscope) 
kensa (<tS) «• 

to be d (in knowledge), sltiken 

ICO uke-iM. 

to be d by (of a subject), no/ 

tori-shirabe wo nke-ru. 

Examinee, n.jtikensha ($|h^). 

Examiner, n. kensatsukican {\ 
•g ) : kensakican (tStSE'R") ! knnsu- 
yaf'^u (glEfS:) ; shinsakican iHSnii) ; 
(in knowledge) shiken-ii>t (|^|k^i<) ; 
(of a company's affjxirs, apix)iute<l by 
a court) kensayakn (^^^fi) [Com. 

Example, n. (a thing to be copied) 
tehon (^2^); hyojttn (^i|l) ; kagcnni, 
[lit. mirror]; inkan (gig): (prece- 
dent) rei (9i) ; secret (:^^j) ; tnmeshi ; 
(sample) tJuViOJi (.H^) ; hyohon ([*i 
5^) ; hinagnta ; (to illustrate a ndej 
rei m). 

for , tatoeba ; tatoete mireba. 

grood , kiknn ((6®). 

to follow the of, >//, /)('■- 

naraxi ; )io/rei ju shitagau. 

to make an (in bad sense), 

mise-shime ni s. 

to take by, icojinihon ni s. 

E.\>erate, t.v. taki-tstike-i-u : /,;- 
doku okorase-ni ; rippnku{il^) .s)t.<i(- 
ru ; fundo (tRS) sasejni ; fungeki (^g 
jjifc) sase-ru ; piimpiiii saseru ; j/eA/; 
(jli) sa.fe-jn*. 

to be d, okori-kilte o»m ; 3/«A.- 

ki to natte oru ', fungeki (^^) .« ; 
/"'•<^'> (ttS) s- 

Exas>ii»e ration, n. fungeki (|f jjt) ; 
o-okori ; fioxZo (HtS* ^ dni-rippnkn 


Excavate, t.v. /^m-k ; vgatsu ; /<on'- 
akeru ; (a passage through) /./;•/- 
«>/A*7< ; hori-nuku ; kaisaku (p^^l .v. 

Excavation, n. horo-ana ; i?ra^<f ; 
(pa.ssage) sxit/o (^iM) ; tonnei-ii ; (act 
of) kaisaku ; also exi>r. by equiv. of 
Excavate foil, by koto. 

Excee<l, t.v. kos^i ; koeru ; sugini ; 

nijchokira (JS!i'&) s ; (remain over) nxl 


not ing, (in amount) ika (yj, 

f ) ; (in time) xnai (J[^ft) ; ika. 

Exceertingrly, adv. hijd (|t^) ni; 
sxtkobtiru ; kircamete ; itatte ; .shigoku 
(£S); iMimhada; }^gv:ai (^^) ni; 
(lirejiosterously) bakagete ; .siiteki ni ; 
.•nibarashiku ; meppo ni. 

Excel, i.v. 7nasani ; hiident ; siigme- 
ni ; uvkinde-ru. 


[ 295 ] 


Excel, t.v. nijtachi-koe-ru ; nijtachi- 
masni'u ; nijue-kosu ; ni/tnasaru ; ni/ ; nijhiideru ; nijnukinde-i-u. 

Exeelleiice, n. sugureta koto ; yuto 
(ffi#) ; shuitsu (55ig) ; mumi {Um) ; 
fakiiefm (i^jg). 

Excelleiicy, n. His, Your, , 


Excellent, a. (of persons) guku yol ; 
sugureta ; hiideta ; yilto iia ; (of 
things) kekko na ; min-ui na. 

! erai, ria. 

that is , sore ua suteki d:i. 

Excellently, adv. hiklete ; sugurde ; 
migoto ni ; myo ni. 

Except, prep. 710 hoka ni ; tco nokete l 
ICO nozoite ; ten nozotcu hoka. 

Except, t.v. torir-nokeru ; nozolcu ; 
nokosu ; tori-nozoku ; jokyaku (|^^) 

to be ed from (a rule), no/ 

kagiri ds nai. 

Except, conj. V. Unless. 

Exception, n. fori-noke ; kakudan 
(If^Wt)' kalcugwai (i^jrh) ', reigicai{^ 
^h) ; kakubeisu (ji^glj) foil, by na 
koto or na mono ; (objection) Irfl (^ 


a regulation creating a spe- 
cial , jogicairei (H^^h*^). 

no can be taken to, ira/ 

liinan (itfcid) rco sum ten ga nai. 

to make an in favour of, 

nillukubetsn (^ni) no icake tco motte 
yurusu ; no/tame ni kakuhetsu ?io 
atsukai wo shite kureru. 

to take , iron (Maim) 'fo 

tunae-ru ; (leg.) kohen (t^!§'?) .s- ; 
fufukn ICO iu ; futo (1^^) to .v. 

to take at, nw.tto s ; ki (^) 

iri) icnruku s. 

to take to, jcai/u-<1(')i (?i^^ 

;§,) de aru ; (a judge, witness, etc.) 
vo/kihi (,^M) •">■ [Civ. Pro.]. 

with the of, u-o/nozoite ica. 

without an , (with an i.v.) 

hitotsu mo nokoradzu ; (with a t.v.) 
hiioisu mo nokosadzu. 
without , nokori naku. 

Exceptional, a. kakuhetsu (|#gij) 
no ; (forming an exception) kaku- 
gwai {If^^b) no ; reigwai (t^j^'h) no ; 
kakudan (l^fSt) no ] shukkaku (\ti^) 
no ; (more than ordinary) hijo (^^) 
under circumstances (un- 
avoidable), yamu tco enai baai ni ; 
yogi nai baai ni ; yondokoro nai 
baai (^^) ni. 

Exceptionally, adv. kakrOjetsu (^ 
n\]) ni; reigvxii (^^\>) ni; kakudan 
(<i§f:$) ni; shukkaku (ffli^4) ni; Mjo 

Excerpt, n. bassui (^^) ; ntihi- 
gaki; .satsuyobun (tftlJ^) ; ba.<s.'mi- 
bun iWM^)- 

Excess, n. (superfluity) amari ; kica- 
bun (^^) ; kwado (jfilif) ; yobun {^ 
^) ; (undue indulgence) hoitsu (^ 


of imports (over exports), 

yunyu-chbkica (liASS)- 

to drink to , nomi-sugo.iu ; 

kwado (iiSl^) ni nomu. 

Excessive, a. yokei na; hoguai (jt 
^t^) na ; kicabun (a§^) na ; yobun (^ 
5J") na; bakudai (^;^) na; kicad> 
(JS/^) no; dogtmi {J^j^D no; (ia 
amount) kwadai (^^) no ; (iu 
degree) ktoabun (JS^) no ; kwado (jj^ 
Jg)?io; (too violent) kwageki (iili®!]) 

Excessively, adv. yokei ni ; hogtcai 
(ft^h) ni; ktoabun (JS^) ni; ydmn 
{i^.5t)ni; bakrudai {^i^) ni ; kwadn 
(M'S) ni; dogwai (gf^h) ni; hana- 
hndashiku ; hidok^ ; kiicamete ; hijo 
(^■^) ni ; do (^) tco koshite ; bun 
{^) to koshite ; yatara ni. 

E-Xcliangfe, n. (act) tori-kae; kokuan 
(XJ^); (comm.) soba (fflai); (of 
coin) katcase (j@^) ; ryogae. 

bill of , katcase-tegata (S^jji 

^B) [Com. Co.]. 

shop, ryogaeya. 

in for, to hikikae ni ; (instead 

of) no katcari ni. 

rate of , kaicase-soba. 

rice , kome-soba (fflflS); (place) 

beikoku-torihikijo ()j^i^M^\p}r)- 


[ '-^9« 1 


stock , kahushiki-torihikijo 

m^S^nm) [Com. Ch.l 

to against, to/hikikaeni. 

to ....... for (another article), tnj 


I'^.vfliaiige, t.v. iori-kaeru ; kokwan 
{ 'ccj^l .*>■ ; kae-ru ; hiki'kae-ni ; koeki 
( iC ij ) •'-• ; (a treaty) iori-kawasu ; 
kokirrtu (^^) s ; (money) ryogae s. 

Exchaiigreability, n. eqniv. of Ex- 
changeable, foil, by koto. 

I'^Xfliaiigeablc, a. kokitan {^i%) 
.siibeki, or rxo dekiru ; koeki (?Si^) 
.suheki, or tu> dekiru ; tori-kaeni ; 

Exchequer, n. chancellor of the 

, mdtbkyok^icho (!l}|ft^7j^) ; o- 

kura-daijin (AjS?:^ni)- 
Excise, n. zei (fft); kokusa>aei O^ 


to levy an , zei wo kica (^) 


Exciseman, n. shtlzeikwan (J&^'r"). 

Excitable, a. ki no hayai ; okorip- 
pni ; haroilacftippoi ; fungeki (tlttSt) 
.shi-ynmii ; kobu-shi-yafiiti ; rfeki-.shi- 


Ex<*itability, n. /t(/*;/eAt (f^'^) shi- 
i/a.-'Ui koto ; kohu (^J|) shi-yasvi 
k >tu ; also equiv. of Excitable foil. 
Iiy koto. 

Excite, t.v. (a body of people) snica- 
' ; sendo (jtHfjl) s ; (a feeling) 
ugokasi( ; kando (^tjl) snseni ; hage- 
mafu ; (anger) taki-ts%Uien( ; okcyrase- 
ru ; geki .taseru. 

to be d, saicagu ; (of a num- 

Ixir of iiersons) gekiko (j^^) s ; 
(of a person) ica]ki ga tatsu ; (per- 
turbed) husso (^IdK) de aru ; (with 
unger) yakki (ig^) to nam. 

Excitedly, adv. aicatadashlku. 
Excitement, n. sawadacld ; doyo 
($/j^) ; fiingekl {%t^) ; kangeki (,@ 

m ; kobu mm ; /««/« («^) ; (of 

the iX)pTilace) gekiko. 
J'^xciting', a. ki (^) ga hiki-tatsu ; ki 

(M,) "0 tatsu. 

Excito-motor, a action, 

g^kMo-sayb (=^§)l\'^^i). 

Exclaim, i.v. sakehu ; koe icoagcru ', 
zikkyu. (jfgB»j.) s. 

Exclamation, n. sakehi-goe; kyu- 
kiran (njj-:^); 2ekkyu(^^); (grani.\ 
kantoshi (^Sgi?) ; kantanshi (^.^ 


note of , kantbten Cpf^lAi; 

knntmifu (gigltf )• 

I'Lxclnde, t.v. (a judge, etc., toi parti- 
ality) jo.scfci (^^).s-; (as, ail) ha'ijt 
(J^li^) .v ; ■ (deny access) kinji-ni ; 
kohnmu ; hinsekl (JJKf^) .s \. haiseki 
(Jff;f:).s-; /ci/02e/s«(tg«g).s; shiri-ohe- 
ru ; (except) nozoku ; jokyaku (|f^J|]) 
•'' ; jogicai (^*h) s ; (from an account) 
kojo (©■?};) ."? ; (refnse to accept) 

cannot the possibilily 

that, nai to mo kagininal. 

E.xcliision, n. kyuzet.sH (flilg) ; li'il- 
.*f/.'/ itJlr-Jj^) ; j:iki/fdcii; and eqniv. 
(•f Exclude foil, by koto. 

of foi'eigners, girtukokujin- 

li'ilsiki ; jbl OlVi) [ob.solesc.] [lit. 

expelling barbarians]. 

judgment of .joken-hnnkptsa 

Exclusive, a. (possessed to the tx- 
clusion of others) doknyu (JIIW) '«<> » 
in Chinese comjKJunds doku- (J!5). 
ox sea- (%)', it is also expr. by /*// 
kagiru [to be limited to]. 

of, vo'lut/iete ; ico/k'jo .shite ; 

,n> hi.kil. 

use, .vf/(//'l(^ffl). 

you have the right of 

entering this room, anntn dnke 
ixa kniui Ueya e haide ino yui. 

Exclusively, adv. ni/kagifle ; ncp- 

t. V. kaiKjac-dasu ; 
s- ; ; knfil 


hat.sumei (f^i 

Exco}»itati<)n, u. (act of ) eqniv. o 
Excogitate foil, by koto. 

E.xcommiinicate, t.v. hamon (^ 
P^)s;jomei (^^)s; ni-ttikimi (^ 
'^) ICO 7neiji-ru. 

f]xcomnninication, n. hamon ()® 


[ 297 ] EXE 

Excoriate, t.v. no/kawa xco suri- 
muku ; no/kawa wo hagii ; kosuri- 
sogu ; suri-herasu. 

Kxcoriatioii, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Excoriate foil, by koto. 

Excrement, n. fun (H.) ; kxso ; 

daiben (p^cSI) ; haisetsuhutsu (yf-J'@:4^). 
Excrescence, n. (inciimbrance) 

zeUmtsu C^Y^) ; yokei-mono ; inuyo 

(Iffi/H) 'w> chbhutsu {^ii'/Ji) ; (med.) 

U)0 ; kohu. ^ 

Excreta, n. toshahulsu {v^,%Wl. 

Excretion, n. (act of) halsetsu {^ 
jU); humpitsu {■^'x'^,) ; (thing excreted) 
haisetsuoutsu (W^¥0) ! bumpitsu- 
huts^i (^mio)- 

Excruciating, a. kurushii ; ha<je- 
sfiii ; modaesa-iem ; kwnon (^^) 
saseru ; ki (^) 7ii sawaru. 

Exculpate, t.v. no/ii-tcake s ; ii- 
toku; />e(i/a(t (0«J?) s; benso (Wl=ij^) s. 

to one's self, ii-wake s; 

b&nknl (^■|g|) .s. 

Exculpation, n. ii-wake ; benkai ; 
benso (W^). 

Exculpatorj', a. benkai (MM) "*"'« ; 
ii-wake no ; benso (^?i0K) no. 

Excursion, n. (pleasure trip) yusnn 

mm; yahomm; shuyu(mm)- 

boat ,funa-yusan {1^-M.n'i)- 

ticket, yuran-kippu (j^^ 

■^JlW'> kwaiyu-kippu (luJjSH?] ?:)•). 

train, yuran-ressha '^ 

^"ijili) ; kimlyil-ressha (U'M^^V^)- 
Excusable, a. kamben (MW^) no 
ilekiru ; yurushite yarareru. 

Excusableness, n. eqniv. of 
Excusable foil, by koto. 

Excuse, n. (had) ^kdjitsu (PIE); 
ii-mike; nogare-kojo (PJi); tonji 
(i®??); nige-kojo (\_\±); knhif.suke ; 
(good) ii-wake ; benkai (W^) ', 
■Dioshiwake ; (in reply to an invita- 
tion ) kotoicari. : 

Excuses t.v. yurusu ; ywncu 
•*•■ ; J" (jt5) -s ; kanil)en 
(exempt) menjo (JS.[^) s ; (in reply 
to an invitation) kotowaru. 

my asking: but , ai- 

sumimasenu ga ; osore-xrimasu, ga. 

my saying so, hushitsuke 

nagara ; shikkei nagara. 

I must beg you to me 

from that, sono gi (^) ica dozo 
o kotowari moshimasu ; sore ica 
gomen wo komuritai ; sore tea 
mappira gomen nasai [the last is 
the most forcible, corresponding to 
the English expr. " No thank you ! 
not at any price ! " ]. 

please me, gomen (M^) 

kudasai ; gomen nasai. 

to one's self, ii-wake wo iu. 

Execrable, a. nikutei 7ia ; nikui ; 
niknnikushii ; nikuge na ; nikumu- 
beki ; nikurashii. 

Execrate, t.v. (detest) hUcumu ; ken- 

(mw-.) s. 

Execration, n. (detestation) 7J0-0 
(?§■]©)■. (exj)re.ssion of) nonoshiri; 
hari (EW). 

deserving of , nikumu-heki. 

Execute, t.v. (a deed) ni/kimei-natsu- 
in (IG^^EIJ) .9; (an intention) joj?t 
( &9)t) s ; Seiko ( ^p} ) s ; (carry out) 
tori-okonau ; shikk<> (fHfr) ■*>" ! jikko 
(S^f) s ; (judgment, warrant, order) 
etc.) shlkko (^^j) s ; (put to death, 
shikei (^^J) ni .s7to (^) .s ; ni/shikei 
(5EffJ) ico .shikko (flff ) •*•■ ; shi-oki s. 
Execution, n. (enrrying out) shikko 
(^^t) ; i^^ko (Jfifr) ; tori-okonai ; 
jikkb (Kfr) ■> (of ^ contract) rikH 
(Sff) ; (of an intention )>oj« (js^gt) ; 
seikb (^^) ; (of manufacture) sei- 
sak'u (^f^) ; (of Inlaying on the 
samisen) hiki-kata ; hlki-buri ; (of 
playing on the koto) tanji-kata-; (of 
workmanship) agari ; deki ; .<!aiku 
(^IHX) ; (putting to death) shikei ni 
shosuru koto; shikei-shilckb (^ff). 
shi-oki; keirikn (Jf\]^)- 

of a judgment, saibnn- 

shikkb (mniiii) ICiv. Pro.]; (by 
force) kydsei-shikkb (i^U^il) 
[Civ. Pro.]. 
of a warrant, reijo-shikkb 

place of , shikei-ba ; shikeijo 

(iJ'EffiJ^); shioki-ba; keijd (JfUtS). 

provisional , kari-shikko 

[Civ. I'ro.]. 


[ 298 ] EXH 

Executioner, n. shikei no shikko- 
s?ia (^ff^) ; shikei-sfukkonin (JEM 

Executive, a. gyosei no ; gybseijo 

oflS.cer, gyoseikwan (frjl^'g). 

Executive, n. gydseVm (ff^pi?)- 

Executor, n. yidgon-shikkdsha (iaW 
^fT«) [Civ. Co.]. 

sole , tmidoku-shikkosha (|^3S 

Exeg-esis, n. kaislmku (fj^) ; kai- 
niet m^)- 

Exegetical, a. kaisJuikti (fff!^)no; 
kaimei (^^) sunt. 

Exemplary, a. (to serve as a 
warniDg) chokai (^jfi) 'm> ; mise- 
shlme ni nam ; (to serve as an 
example) mohan (^^) to nam ; 
kagami to nam ', tefum ni nam. 
Exeinplitication, n. (copy) fieihon 
{J£^) [Civ. Pro.]; kosei-tohon (&•]£ 
Exemplify, t.v. (illustrate by 
examiile) rei {^]) too hiite toki- 
akasn ; (.serve as an example) no/ 
rei (^) ni nai-u. 

Exempt, t.v. to be ed, yuru- 

sareru ; (from a duty or tax) 
niejizei (f£fft) sarete orw. 

to from, ni tea yurvsu ; 

ni uo menjo (fS.^) s; (mil. 

service) ico/men-eki (f&Sl) *• 
Exemption, n. yurushi; menjo; 
(from military service) men-eki 


from land-tax, menso 
ninkajo (12,513^); 

Exequatur, n. 

junkyojd (mW'ik)- 
Exercise, n. (gymnastic) (}^ 
> ^); (le^aon) kiragyo (MM) ; kicatei 

(M^) ; ''■f'/'-t' (W-H) ; kwadai (Mm) ; 

onska (iS.^) ; imyojj^m); (of func- 
tions) shikko (flfr) ; (of the body) 
undo (MM) ; (walking) sampo (|{:^)- 

ground, nixdoba; taisoba. 

military s, choren 


spear , sojufsu (|t pR ). 

sword , kenjvtsv. («ijeli). 

to take , undo (^fi/j) s. 

wrestling: , taijutsu (f^flj). 

Exercise, t.v. (cause to move) v.nd'> 
sase-ru ; (functions) okonau ; (move) 
ugokrtsu ; (sokliers) kunren (IHl^) * ; 
soren (^^) s. 

to a horse, seme-Tima ico .s- ; 

uma ICO shikomu. 

to authority over, ni tai- 

shitejkenryoku (^fj) xco shimeru ; 

ni taishiteji (^) ico fm-uu ; ico/ 

shihai (^SE) s. 

to jurisdiction, saihanken 

(Sc^]f8) »co okonau. 

Exert, t.v. mochii-ru ; wo/k-waLsuyu 
(WlPR) s; (physically) chikara ico 

to one's self, chikara rro 

tnochiiru \ shu^sei (ffi^) .<? ; jin- 
ryokii (M.t))s; honso (#j^) -s- ; 
tansei (fJ-JS) >■ ; chikara xco t-fxtkusu. 
to one's self to the ut- 
most, seizei (J^ -* ) chikara xco 

Exertion, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Exert foil, by koto : (intellectual) 
jinry<>ku(.^i}); s/mssei ({H}^); bej,- 
rei (fUhnii); i">i.sei (fjrl^) ; (phys. A" 
intellectual) hoxie-uri. 

Exhalation, n. ki (^) ; jokatsuki 


Exhale, t.v. kanatsxi ; hasshutsu (|* 
Jil) s ; johatsu CM^) snse-ru. 

Exhaust, t.v. tsxikusu ; tsukai-hala- 
su ; tsukai-nakusxi ; isukai-kiru ; 
.shohi (mW s ; shomo (ff^) s ; (a 
well) kai-asu ; kiixni-hosu. 

to be ed, tsuki-ru; tsxdci- 

hate-ni ; (of strength) chikara ga 
nukete shimaxi ; tsukare-kiru ; (have 
expended all one's strength) gak- 
kari s ; ?iird (g^^) s. 

Exhausting', a. hoTie no oreru ; gak- 
kari sum. 

Exhaustion, n. shoki; shomo (fg 
$g) ; (of a sick person) hiro (SE^) ; 
(of the body) tsukare. 


[ 299 ] 


Kxliaiistive, a. sebnitsu (f^^) na ; 
irb (ii^i^) no imi ; jtizen ("f*i^) na. 

examination, shido-mem- 

rniisu (fSiM^i^) "« tori-shirabc. 

Exliaiistless, a. tsukinai ; mnjhi 
(4tt^) na ; in Chinese compounds 
ravym- (4*^). 

resources, mujtn:uj (4*^^). 

Exhibit, t.v. (a symptom) tei (^) s ; 
(discover) arawasti ; shhnesu ; (make 
a show of) m'lsemono ni s ; (post 
piiblicly or officially) keijl (.j^:^) s ; 
koji (&:^) s ; (present in public) en 
(M) ■* '■> shite mise-ru ; (send to an 
exhibition) shuppiji (}^aa)s; (show) 

Exhibit, n. slmppin (JU^); cJdn- 
retsuhin (iJR^lJpn) j (i^ ^ court) shoko- 
hin (m^^Sx); shdkohnts-u m^<>^)\ 
shoko-btikken (|a!tg#;#)[Civ. Pro.]. 

Exhibition, n. (of articles of every 

kind) hakurankicai (t$^#) ; (of 

skill) eiujl iii^^) ', (of works of art) 

ienrankicai (M^^). 

an of circus-riding, kyoku- 

ba-kogyo m^mw- 

competitive , kybshinkwai 

home , naikokix-hakurankicai 

international , bankoku- 

hakurankwai i^W^W^^)- 

to make an of one's self, 

xi:((rai-gusa ni nam. 

Exliibitor, n. slmpp'mnin ({HwiA)- 

Exhilarate, t.v. yorokobasu; tano- 
.sldmasu ; ureshigarase-i-u. 
to be ......d, ureshigaru; yoro- 

kobu ; taTvoshimxi ; yoki (1^^) ni 

Exhilaration, n. (state of) ureshi- 
garl ; kwairaku (1^^) ; yorokobi ; 
tan'ishiini ; kinki (/t^^). 

Exliort, t.v. (an inferior) kunkai (HU 
^) s ; (to good) Jutgemasu ; kwan- 
koku {Wl^) *' ; su.tiime-i'u ; chiikoku 
(S.u ) ■*>■ ■> (to good from bad) isame- 
ru ; hnashime-rii ; kangen (^'W) « J 
keikai (^9&) .s. 

Exhortation, n, kicankokn (StiS*) ; 
chukok-u (,^i'. h') ; t^nme ; imashime; 
susnwe; kungen (Ij^^) ; keilcai (^ 
^) ; kunkai (M^)- 

Exhumation, n. liakkuts^x (f^lS) ; 

Exhume, t.v. hori-dnsu ; haklcutsu 
s : hori-kaesu. 

Exig-ency, n. hytlba ; kyulien (,-g;^) ; 

kikifu (fe^); kyfihaku {^M)'> /^^«- 


so far as the ies of the 

public service will permit, 
kiJimt (fi?^) no yurusu kagiri ijoa. 
Exile, !■.. (punishment) t.fuiho ; rami 

(fMB) ; ryfikei (f^M) ', (person) tsui- 

hd-nin (illficA); rumi-nin {xMMK); 

(to an island) shima-nagashi ; eji<o 

Exile, t.v. tsulho (i^JA.) s ; twgasu ; 
(to an island) shirtm-nagashi ni s. 

Exist, i.v. aru ; sonzai ('ffXV.) -s ; sei- 
son (4,^) *■ '■> nari-tatsu ; (/enson 

(?a#) .s-- 

all ing things, bammotsu 

(mi/1) ; bambutsu (M9}). 
Existing-, a. zairai (^3K) ru) ; (in 
actual force) genko (5H,ff ) >w- 
the treaties, genko-jdyaku 

Existence, n. sonzai (#:&) ; genson 
(^5.ifr-) ; nari-tachi ; (livelihood) sei- 
kwatsu (ifefS') ; (mode of living) 
kurashi ; (question of whether there 
is or is not) u-mu (^^1). 

struggle for , seison-kyoso 

the of a contract, keiyah-u 

(^^^) no u-mu. 

to come into (of a contract, 

law, right), seiriisu (i^i) s. 
Exit, n. (act of going out) deru koto ; 
taijo (iglS) ; (of an actor) hikkomi ; 
(way out) de-guchi. 

Exode, n. odzume (izta)- 
Exodus, n. (0. T.) ideki ; shiitsu- 

Ex officio, kicaMhoku (f<K) ni 

yotie ; .'ihokken (fSfffi) de, or f wo 



[ 300 ] 


Exonerate, t.v. (from a dnty) menjo 
($5,1^^) -^^ ■> (from an accusation, etc.) 
menso (161^) s. 

to from blame, wajkicashi- 

is^ii tja nai to mifome-ru. 

JExoneration, n. menso (ffeiS). 

Exorbitance, n. hdgicni (ft^) ; 
kicahun (JH^) ; kicado (JSf^) ; tohb 
nwj nai koto. 

Exorbitant, a. hogmd (^Jf") im; 
kwahnn (JS^) iva ; tolio mo nai ; 
messo net ; rneppo na. 
to ask an price, ?iogicai na 

ne iCD ill. 

Exorbitantly, adv. hogvxii (S^) 
ni ; kicahun (j&^) ni ; toho mo 
ii/tkii ; h!jd {3t^) ni ; meppo ni ; 
messo ni. 

Exorcise, t.v. Jiarau ; ou ; Jiarai- 
kiyomerii ; nijakuma vm liarau. 

Exorcism, n. harai-kiyome,; o harai ', 
akuma-harni ; yaku-fiarai. 

E.vordiuni, n. (oratory) chogen (^ 
^) ; luakura. 

Exostosis, n. kotsuryu (•g'lg). 

Exotic, a. gicaikoku (^^) »m> ; fuiku- 
roi (JlfijR) no ; icatari no ; gwairai 
(J'b^K) no ; gicaikokusan (^SM) no- 

Exotic, n. (plant) gicairai no uemono ; 
(word) gicaikoku (9\'S) iv) kotdba. 

Expand, t.v. (develoii) ijkiku s ; 
liirogeru; ktcatsudai (jS^) ni s; 
shinrho (#?§) s ; kvcakucho (JR5M) s ; 
fenkai (J^^) -s ; (of a bard body) 
hii-aku ; liaru ; (of a soft substance) 
hocho (WH&) saseru ; fukurasu ; 
(open) hiraku. 
to the chest, mune vx> Jiaru. 

Expand, i.v. (develop) okiku nam ; 
hirogaru ; kicatsiidai (i|§:^) ni nam ; 
.shincho (#5^) s ; kwakucho (SiSM) f> J 
ienkai {^^) s ; (of a hard substance) 
hnru ; (of a soft substance) hoclw 
[ IS^M) s ; fukure'm ; (open) hiraku. 

Expanse, n. hirogari ; ?>yobo (J8j}iE) 
inru koto ; hyobakii (;||}j^) /arit fco<o ; 
(of sky) taikyu (-K^) ; sokyii (^0). 

an of, hiroi. 

an of water, midzu no hydhu- 

tnni koto. 

Expansibility, n. hochosei (IgJSS 
^) ; hocfioshitsu (IgJBgK) ; (malleabi- 
lity) teiisei (Stt). 

Expansible, a. bdchosei 
no ; bocJioshitsu (^flg^) no. 

to be , hochoshitsu (E^SSK) 

no mono de am ; hochosei (^B^tS) 
7io mono de am. 

Expansion, n. hbchb 

kicatsndai (jH Ac) ; shincho (i^5g) ; 
(act of) eqiuv. of Expand foil, by 
koto ; (of a country) kicakucho (^ 

5g) ; hbcho (mm)- 

and contraction, shinshuku 

people talk about the of 

the mind by travel, tdbi ico 
sum to kokoro ga hiroku nam to 

triple (adjectively), sanju- 

7-enkicanshiki (Hfi^ffl^) no. 

Exiiansive, a. (widely extended) 
hiroi ; hydbaku (iB^J^) tam ; hyohb 
(\S>iB) '«™ ; endai (^;^) na. 

Expansively, adv, hiroku ; hyobaku 
(iiK^J^) 'o -"ihite ; bybbo (iBJ^E) to shite ; 
endai (^:k.) ni ; hiro-biro. 

Ex parte, a. ippo (— :J^) no; ippen 
(— j&) yori no. 

statement, kata-kuchi. 

Expatiate, i.v. okiku iu ; fuen {^ 
^) s ; oshi-hiraite iu ; ii-nobasu. 

Expatiation, n. fuen (Sj;^) ; okiku 
iu koto. 

Expatriate, t.v. (banish) isuiho (ig, 
jift) s ; hochiicu (ift^) s. 

to one's self, kuni kam tai- 

^'*/o (ifii) «; hongohm (:^^] ico 

Expatriation, n. (banishment) 
tsuiho (iB.fe) ; hochiku (jftig). 

Expect, t.v. (look for) expr. by the 
future of the verb foil, by to/omou, 
tojzonji-i-u, or to/yoki (S^^) shite am ; 
(require) nozomu ; (wait) matsu. 

I shall you, machi mashi-\ 

masho. ; 


[ 301 ] 


Expect, i.v. as I ed, an (^) no 

fjotoku ; an no jo (^ y Jl^). 

as I had ed, hatashite; yoki 

shUa tori ; kangae dori ni ; nozomi- 
(lori ni. 

just as I ed, an (^) ni 


Expectancy, n. to wait in a 

state of , machi-mokete oru ; 

machi'kanete oru. 

Expectation, n. kokoromachi ; 
yoki ; (hope) kiho (h?-:^) ; (of a re- 
sult) ml-sxte ; mi-ate ; mokuteki ; 

beyond , hogicai (;^.^h). 

does not come up to s, 

nozomi no tori ni ikrinu ; omoica- 

shiku 7iai. 

in the of, no tsvmori de ; no 

mi-ate de ; ico/ate-komle. 

to be disappointed in one's 

, ate fja hadzure-ru. 

Exi>ectorate, i.v. tsnhaki wo s ; tan 
ico haku. 

Expectoration, n. (act of) tsnhaki 
sum koto ; tan tea haku koto. 

Expe<liency, n. henri (®:flj) ; hoben 
('^SW ; ^en<7i (®S) ; (question 
whether expedient or not) tokushitsti 

for the sake of , benri no 


Expedient, n. (for raising money) 
s'Didan ; kumen ; (means) kufu (X 
-;fe): hbho C^rt-); shudan (^-^); 
(shift) sahi (^) ; horyaku (Ti^) ; 
k'.'iryaku (gf*) ; bempo m'Jj). 

a good , yoi kufil (X^)- 

a temporary , toza (S'f^U no 

ma-ni-aicase; kembo (f(S«JK) ! '»«- 
ni-aicase ; huhen (3^®) ; (iiolitics) 

Expe<lient, a. bcnri (figiflj) na yoi; 
tswjn (M'^) no yoi ; hbben (JlJ'K) no ; 
hen'ji (fai:u:) no yoi 

to be , tame ni nam ; tok~u de 


Expediently, adv. oem/i (fifi^i) ni; 
6en«/0o(@i:u:±); ienri ((M^IJ) yoku; 
bengl (ffila*) yoku ; tsugb (fiP^) yoku. 

Exi>edite, t.T. hakadorase-ru ; rachi- 

to be d, hakadoni ; rachi ga 


Expe<lition, n. (haste) kyilsoku (^ 
5^); sltinsoku (Tg^^); jinsoku (ift 
'^) ; (mil., or scientitic) ensei (^fil) ; 
(party of explorers) tankentai (J^Kfe 
I^) ; (trooi)s themselves) enseigun (^ 
ffijp); enseitai (^%^); (punitive) 
.s-eibatsu (ffiUt). 

to use , teki-paki s. 

with , ie-bayaku ; kyusolcu 

ni ; .^hlnsoku (^i§) ni ; sassoku 


Expeditionary, a force, 

enseigun (^SE^). 

Expeditious, a. sldnsoku (jpijijl^) 
na ; hakabakashii ; tebayii ; jiiisok-u 

Expeditiously, adv. shinsoku («4i 
^) ni ; kyusoku (^i^) ?u ; haki- 
bakashiku ; te-bayaku ; tekipaki to. 

Expel, t.v. oi-ilasu ; kurhiku (Sjgjg) 
s ; hochiku (JftJE) « ; oppirau ; 
oi-luirau ; (banish) tsuihb (ij^fi) s; 
(from an association) jomei (^fi^) s; 
(from school) nijiaigaku (iM^^) wo 
meiji-ru ; nijtaikb (jfi^) sase-m ; iro/ 
7to/.;<> (fe^) s ; (matter) haishutsu (» 

Expend, t.v. iwoc/tii-rw ; isuiyasu ; 
(waste) /(*/u! (^Bf) 5 ; ro/ti (jKSt) s. 
to on, Jii kake-m. 

Expenditure, n.. Myb (^JW) \ nyu- 
hi (ASf) ; '^ljishiif.<iu (^ill); iriL-a ; 
iriyb; nyuyb (A/H); (aunual) .vaiAi 
(^30J) ; sal-ihutsu (bSJH); (miscel- 
laneous) 2«pj)i (SSiit)- 
continuing , keizokuh' (^ 

current , keiht (i^ff). 

extraordinary , riiiji:,i (JiRj 


•fixed , keljbhi (m^'ft.^). 

national , kokidii (fc3R)- 

receipts and , .•ihilshi (Jlfc^C)- 

Expense, n. mono-iri ; nifCujb (\ 

.HI); "yuid (AR); Wyi (Bt;i!); .vi- 

me ; shuppi (tilS)'> (wastefulness) 


[ 302 ] 


actual 8,jippi (Sfg). 

at tlie public , kohi (S-S) 


police s, keisafsuhi (^^jg). 

regardless of , kaneniaka- 

shite ; nyi'thi Ico kamaicadzu ni. 

useless , muda-dzukai ; told 

(its) ; rbU (jgg). 

various s, Mjjpi (Jig) ; zo- 

yo (Jiffl). 

Expensive, a. tsule no oi ; nyahi (A. 
g) no oi; (dear) iakai; koryo (i^ 
ff^) Tut ;• inono-iri na; koka C^^) 
tut ; kojlki (jgiiC) Tia. 
to be , uku kakaru. 

Expensively, adv. (of living) zei- 
taliu (fti?) "«• 

Experience, n. keiken (i®^) ; »•<">- 
ren (^^) ; (skill) jukuren (?^Sl) ; 
remnui (Si^). 

a man of , rorenka (:^|$1^); 

juk>irenkti (^^'M) l keikenka (^ 


practical ^jikkeii (gist)- 

to have of, ujojkeiken 

to recount one's s, keireki- 

dan mM^) 'fo s. 

Experience, t.v. shim ; (hardship) 
name-ru ; expr. also by the intrnns. 
and passive fomas of approjiriate 

to anxiety, shimpii (.t>SC) 


to sorrow, kanaskimu. 

to the contempt of others, 

hito ni mi-kudasare-ru. 

Experienced, a. Tiareta ; jukuren 
shita ; ntren shiia ; roko {^J^) no ; 
renima (^B^) shUaru. 

Experiment, n. kokoromi ; tmne- 
shi; jikken {%^) ; shiken {^^). 

for 's sake, kokoromi ni. 

to make an , (examine) sJd- 

ken (Ula) s ; (try) kokoromi-ru ; 
tcmeshite mi-ru. 

Experimental, a. kokoromi no; 
shiken (|^^) no. 

mining-, shikidsu (^^). 

Experimentally, adv. kokoromite ; 
iameshUe ; shiken (itlfe) shite. 

Expert, a. jMzu ( J^^) na ; tassha 
(A^) na ; remma (^g) shUaru ; 
roren (t^I^) shiiaru ; seiko ()^J5) 
na ; ude no tasshita. 
in, nijakarui. 

Exi>ert, n. eteta hito ; kuroto ; iatsu- 
jin (^K); meijln (ig A.) ; talfo (0 
S\-) ; rorensha (^^#) ; (connois- 
seur) k'tnteika (||:£^) ; (specialist 
in farming, etc.) <jishi (^Jcilip)- 

an in, ni'fiknnii hUo. 

an in handwriting", shu- 

.seki (#-j^) no kintelka (H'/E^). 

opinion {v;r\iiGn), katdtisho 


witness, kantelnin (||/eA) 

[Civ. Pro., Cr. Pro.]. 

Exi>ertlj', ii(\\.jodzu ni ; seiko (t^i^) 

ni ; roren (^^) ni. 
Expertness, n. eqiiiv. of Expert 

foil, by koto. 
Expiate, t.v. aganau ; tsuf/uni>i. 
Expiation, n. nganai ; tsu'jun't'. : 

shokuzai (f^W) I tsumi-horoboshi ; 

zaisho-shomett:u (S^J^f(i\^)- 
Expiration, n. (of time) manki (^ 

^); ake; ki(ien-manryd (S^K^ST); 

ouari ; shimai. 

Expire, i.v. (die) iki ico hiki-toru ; 

ica]iki ga tae-ru ; shibo (5E"t) ^ ; 

bukko (iffeSfe) s; shikyo (^^) s; 

zetsumei (Ig^) s; }u>gyo (^ifl) s 

[of an Emperor] ; (of a i^eriod) klre- 

ru ; manki ni nam ; tsxtki-ru ; oicart : 

ake-ru ; inanryu (ffiT) *• 
Expiring-, a. (dying) imaica no klf" 

no ; dammatsunM no. 

Explain, t.v. toki-akasu ; kaimei (ft? 
tyj) .5 ; setsumei (^R^) s; kaisetsu 
imW s ; kaishaka ((^) s. 

to aw^ay (as one's fault), 


to matters, koto ico icake-m. 

Explanation, n. (act of) toki- 
akashi ; setsumei {^Wl) ; kaimei (i^?: 
qq); kaisetsu (mf^) ; (ground ) 
iicare; icake; .s/uVZai (-ii?j^) ; (mean- 
ing) imi {mM) ; yakkai (ll^) ; rhn- 
shaku (W^); chiikai (ii^) ; (vin- 
dication) ii-icake ; moshi-icake ; len- 

kai mm)- 


I 303 ] 


of sig-ns (used in a diagram), 

bonrei (A-J^J). 

to call for an from, wo/ 


to demand an from, icof 

kitsumon {tUW^) s. 

i^xplaiiatory, a. shokal (ifd?) no ; 

(of interpretation) chilkai (^(5?) no ; 

yakkai (MM) no. 

statement, setsumeisho (1^ 

•Ifl^); (exculpatory) henkaisho 
(Jnf)^?ll) ; (giving reasons) riyusho 

Expletive, n. (bad language) akkb 
(^ P ) ; icani-kuchi. 

Explicit, a. meihaku (ll^Q) 7ia ; mei- 
'ryo (^^) na; meiseki (^^Sf) na; 
hakkiri shita ; shika to shita ; idagai 
no 7iai ; hanzen (^J*{J) no. 

Explicitly, adv. meiAa/oi (^fi) ni; 
meiryo (5fJflK) ni ; utagai naku ; hak- 
kiri to ; akiraka ni ; shika to ; han- 
^eu {^]B) to. 

Explicituess, n. meihaku na koto ; 
meiryo (l^JIDK) na koto ; meiseki (^^) 
iia koto ; utagai no nai koto ; hanzen 
(flj^) shita koto. 

Explode, t.v. harets^i (^gi) sase-ru ' 
hakuretsii {i^^) sase-ru ; gohatsu (^ 
^) sase-ru. 

Explode, i.v. haneru ; haretsu (^m) 
s ; bakuretsu (i^^) s ; gohatsu (^ 


Exploit, n. tegara: komyo (^(j^j)' 
koseki (JMS) ; ku7ikd (^^) ; koro 
(^^)- <<> 

Exploit, t.v. (make use of) riyd (fIJ 
}\\) s ; (new country) kaihatsu (|3?j) 
s ; kaitaku (P^ffJ) s. 

Exploitation, n. riyo (^IJ/H) ff»ru 
koto ; (of a forest) bassui (tSttJR) 5 
(of a new country) kaihatsu (^f^) ; 
kaitaku (gafij). 

Exploration, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Explore foil, by koto ; (of a coun- 
try) tambo (^ftS) ; ianken (^■^). 

Explore, t.v. (a country) tanken (gj| 
Jr) s ; tosa (!a^) s ; nojjibumi ico s ; 
(science) kenkyu (^^) s. 

Explorer, n. iankenka (^^^) ; 
tankemha {^^^). 

Explo.sion, n. haretsu (^f^) ; go- 
hatsu (1151) ; bakuretsu (j^|i) ; (act 
of) equiv. of Explode foil, by koto. 

Explosive, n. bakuhfttsubuisu (j^^ 
4^) ; bakuretsubutsu (i^M'^j)- 

Explo.sive, a power, bakn- 

hatsuri/oku {i^^t)). 

shell, bakuret Sudan (j^gj 

5I|) ; hasai-hodan ■ ■ • - • 

Exponent, n. daihydsha (f^^^^) ; 
(math.) .shisfi (ttlt)- 

Export, t.v. yushutsu (^IH) s; 

Export, n. (act of exporting) yu- 
shutsu ($b5 HJ ) ; (article exported) yu- 
shutsu-hiu (^tiJno). 

Exportation, n. yushutsu (ftfeffl). 

Exporter, n. yushutsu-nin {Ij^&iA). 

Expose, t.v. (a child) sute-ru ; (a 
crime) arawasu ; (put out) dasldte 
oku ; aJ'aicrisu ; (show) mise-ru ; (to 
the sun or to public gaze) 

to be d (of a crime, etc.), 

roken (SIS) s ; araicareru. 

to be d to the evening: 

dew, yo-tsuy%i ni utnre-ru. 

to be d to the public gaze, 

sarashi-mono ni luiru. 

to be d to the rain, amn- 

mrashi ni natte oru. 

to be d to the weather, 

fuu (M.iiH) ni sarasai-eru. 

to one's life, ichimei wo 

nage-utsu ; inochi xco kake-ru ; inei 

(^) wo to m) s. 

to the person (indecently), 

shi'ttai (fiifeH) ICO araicasu. 

to to the sun, hi ni ate-ru. 

Exposition, n. (expounding) ki" 
s/wAit ('MW) ; <-'/«<fcoi (^ft?) ; setsumei 
(^•W); kais/utku (H^); chfoihaku 
(W^) ' (exhibition) luikurankicai (^ 

Ex i>ost tiicto,jigo ($ft). 

sanction, jty()-.s7iy(?« Alt (fll^ 


[ 304 ] 


Expostulate, i.v. to with, 

iro/settokn (^?#) .s ; ico/sekkwan 
(WSj) s; ico/kicankai (fd^?) s; 
(reprehend) niliken {MM^) *co hi. 

Exim.stiilatioii, n. settokn (,f5if§-); 
sekkicnn (^ffe) ; kicankai (t?l«?.). 

Exi>ostiilatory, a. settok}i (^f#) 
no; sekkican (^SJ)'"'! kicmikai {^ 
m) no. 

ExiH>sure, n. (act of) equiv. of Ex- 
pose folL by koto ; (discovery, of a 
crime, etc.) roken (fSM) ! (position) 
muki; hd'jakn (^f^) ; (state of) eqtiiv. 
of Expose in pass, voice. 

Expoiiud, t.v. koshaku (M^) -s; 

(huk(u{^f^).<i; kaishaku (g?J|^) s; 

setstnnei {^^) s ; chilfhaku (^^) s. 
Express, a. (distinctly stated) shika 

to shita ; meihaku ( ?^ fi ) «« ; (special) 

iokuhetsxi (i|#3fl) '*«• 

an xuesseng^er, tokushi (ij^ 

j$) ; het.tii-jitaie no tffukaL 

an train, kyfikusha (;3;ff$) ; 

kiffiko-ressha (^^f^lJII). 

Express, n. (advertisement) hiki- 
fuda ; (messenger) rinji (Bgl^) no 
is-ukai ; isogi iio tsitkai ; hnya-hi- 
kyaku ; tokushi (i}#ffi) ; kyushi (^ 
15^) ; betsu-jltafe no fsukai ; (news- 
l)aper extra) gogwai (^j'h). 

Express, t.v. ; ii-araicasu ; 
nobe-ru ; Aj/oji (^:qR) s ; hydhaku (^ 
g ) s ; hyogen (^^) s ; (squeeze out) 
shib())-u ; sliiine-dasu ; shibori-dasu. 

Expression, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Express (t.v.) foU. by koto ; (declara- 
tion) sengen (^W) J (oral) kotoba ; 
genji ( Wl^) : 'lengo (a|^) ; (way of 
speaking) ii-yd ; goho (i|}j£) ; hana- 
shi-buri : (way of writing) kaki-yd ; 
kaki-buri ; kaki-kata ; shoho (^^) ; 
(written) mo/yi (^^). 

an innocent (of face, in a 

bad sense), imni mo kuicanu kao ; 

shiranu kao. 

of an intention, ishi-hydji 

m.-^.n^m [Civ. Co.]. 

of countenance, kaotsuki; 

menshoku (ffi^) ; sobo (ifg$l). 

of the eyes, me-moto; me- 


it is a common , yok-^i iu 

koto (la. 

it is the g-eneral , hito-Jcudd 

ni so ihnasu. 

polite , ieinei (T^) '*^ kotnhn. 

the "treaties" includes 

conventions, joyaku (H^^^) to iu 
tea [if quoted from a document, to 
am ica] kyoyaku (IStl'j) wofuk>ivm. 

to give to, uojhyomei ( ^ ly] ) 

s ; irOj'hydjl (^:^) s. 

Expressive, a. imi (M"^) no ftikai ; 
i (^) '''0 tsulaeru. 

that man has an face, ano 

hito irajild ni imni goto mo kao-iro 
ni dasii. 

Expressly, adv. (distinctly) tashika 
jii; shika to; meiluiJcu (^|3) ni; 
akiraka ni ; (purposely) tcaza-waza ; 
tcaza to ; kotosara ni ; koto ni. 

to mention (in a document), 

meiki (lyjHE) .<». 

Expulsion, n. fidchik-u ijfi^); oi- 
dasu koto ; kiichiku (IgiE) ; kari- 
dasu koto ; (act of) equiv. of Expel 
(t.v.) foil, by koto ; (exile) tsuiho (jg, 
jjf![) ; (from a club, association, etc.) 
jtymei (H^^); (from a family) 7-iseki 
(mm) [Civ. Co.]. 

Expiliijfe, t.v. kedzuru ; sakxijo (^J 
gt) .s ; tomaisu (^}^) s ; kesu ; mas- 
sat su (i^S) s. 

Expurgate, t.v. (of books) noficarui 
tokoro ICO toru ; (remove indecencies) 
nojicuisetsu no tokoro wo mtku. 

Expurgation, n. equiv. of Ex- 
purgate foU. by koto. 
Exquisite, a. (delicioiis to the taste) 
bimi (^1^) na ; kekko (^W na ; 
(extreme) hanakadashii ; liijo (^?f^) 
iva ; (of workmanship) seikb (ij^T^) 
na ; (very excellent) bimyd (^ji') mi ; 
tobi-kiri no ; saijb (^i) na. 

taste, kanshiki (^^). 

'workmanship, mybkb (^ 

Exquisite, n. dateska ; share-mono ; 

Exquisitely, adv. saijb (§±) ni ; 
kiicamete ; hijb (#^^) Jit ; hanaluidQ- 

beautiful, zetsubi (Igis) na. 

[ 305 ] 


Exqiiisiteiiess, n. zeisubi {|g§|) ; ' 

gokubi (Sll)- 
Kxtant, a. tnutmmtta ; denral (@^) 
no ; nokotte oni. 
to be , genson {^''(fA s; son- 
mi (#^) .s. 

Kxteiuporaiieous, a. sokuza (ED 
I'M) no; sokitseki {S.\i^,) no; yobi (B^ 
fffl) no nai ; rinji ((E^BJ-) no. 

Kxteuiporaiieously, adv. sokuza 
(lipgt) ni ; sok-useki (Uli^) ni. 

Exteuipore, a. sokuseki (fiPfiff) no. 

Extemi>ore, adv. sokuza (IPM) "i ". 

sokuseki (IP^) /u. 
J'lxtoniporize, t.v. (a speech, etc.) 

.V''" (^1^) naicu shite nohe-r>x ; sbkb 

"(?liS) ««/^« s^i/e kosetsu (gg^) s; 

(make) r»yi (ESB^) ni koshirae-ru. 

Extend, t.v. (a term) shincho (#^) 
s ; nohasu ; (enlarge) chodai (f^:^) «i 
.s ; o/d/cu s ; (expand) seidai (^iz) 
ni s ; kicalcuchc (^jg) .9 ; (in breadth) 
fiiroge-ru ; (in lengtli) nohasu ; shin- 
cho (#5^) s ; enc/w (5ig) s ; (make 
reach) oyobosu ; (prolong) nohasu ; 
enki (^^) .«.• ; (reach forth) nohasu. 

a battle in ed order, san- 

kaisen ['^mW)- 

an attack in ed order, sam- 

pei-kbfjeM C^^:^^). 

ed order (mil.), sankai-iaiji 

in ed order, hunreisu (•^^ij) 


to commerce, bdeki ico kwa- 

kucho s. 

to one's fame, na wo age-ru. 

to the benefits of the 

treaty to, ni/joyaku (J^^^) no 
rieki (fiJS) 'fo oyobosu. 

to the time, hi-nobe too s; 

nichigen ( 1?^) wo nobasu. 

Extend, i.v. (be continued in length) 
nohli-u ; (deploy) tenkai (^^) s ; 
(widen) hiromaim. 

! chire. 

to beyond, koeni. 

to over several years, su- 

nen (IK*^) ni watai-u. 

to to, (reach to) ni/oyobu; 

(spread to, lis a riot) ni/hakyu (^ 

Exten.slon, n. hirognri ; shincho (ffji 
^); kicakuchn (^?j^) ; (actof)eqniv. 
of Extend foil, by koto ; (extended 
line of railway) eiirhbseii (5§^lfc); 
(of a building) zochiku (1§|^) ; tate- 
mashi ; (of a railway, of u term, etc.) 
enchb (5£^) ; (of commerce, etc.) 

of education, kybiku (fkl?), 

m fukyu (#&,). 

of time, hi-nohe. 

Extensive, a. hiroi ; hiro-hiro to 
shiia; ie-biroi; kicodui (\^,k.) '*•* ; 
kicokwatsu (J^jSl) na ; kicatsudai (jga 

knowledge, hakushiki (|$ 


view (of landscape), yoi mi- 


Extensively, adv. hiroJai ; kicbdm 
ni ; kwolcwatsu ()^jK) ni ; te-birohi( ; 
(in many cases) oku ; yoku. 

Extensiveness, n. kvMai (^'X) ; 
Icwaisudai {Mi^) ; kicbkicats^i (Q|jB9). 

Extensor, n. shinkin (i^^). 

Extent, n. hirosa ; kicobb (Sf^) ; 
(degree) teido (fg/g) ; (in length) 
nagasa; (scope) /woi-i ($£[§). 
to such an that, hiKio follow- 
ing pres. tense of lerb. 

Extenuate, t.v. kammeru ; geukei 
(jj^l?.) « ; geiito (il^^) s ; karuku s ; 
to be d, karuku ni genkei (ijj; 

m) ■•«•• 

Extenuating, a. kai-uku sum ; gen- 
jiru ; genkei (^|g) sum ; gento (isg-^Jf ) 

reduction of a penalty for 

circumstances, shakuryo-genkei 
(R^jairftM) [<-'iv. Co.l. 

to plead circumstances, 

jbjb (twHit) wo shakuryo {Hfyft) sit'de 

■gento (j)S^) wo mbshi-ta^eru. 

Extenuation, n. karuku sum, koto. 

Exterior, n. soio ; ojwie ; (appejir- 

ance) gwaikei {f/f'l^) ', (surface) uira- 

be ; gvcaihu (^^) ; gicaimen ( Jt^ffi). 

and interior, uchi-soto ; nui- 



[ 306 ] 


Exterior, a. soto no ; omote no ; 
ulcabe no ; gicaimen (Jh®) no; gicai- 

Exterminate, t.v. (fig.) no/ne wo 
tatsu ; (living things) mina-goroshi ni 
a ; tayasu ; someisu (^iiS) .<? ; jim- 
met.sxi (.^isS) s ; sozets^i (i|||g) .s ; (of 
plants) kari-tstikusv, ; nojne ico tatsu ; 
(vermin) kvjo (BS^) s ; bokumetsu 

to be d, mina-goroshi ni nam ; 

jimmetsu (@ilS) s ; sozetsn (i|I$g) s ; 
(of plants) kari-tsiilcasareru. 

Extermination, n. jimmetsu (^ 
iift) ; sdzeisu (g|]|g) ; or equiv. of Ex- 
terminate foil, by koto ; (of a pest) 
fciyo (ffi^) ; (of plants) ne wo nulcu 

External, a. soto no ; gwaimen (^ 

J^) no ; hyomen (MM) "o J omote-nmki 

no ; gicaibu (51*515) »"> I gwaikei (^bJ^) 

no ; (from -without) gwairai (if*^) no. 

commerce, gwaikoku-bdeki 

object, gwuilmisxi (^H^). 

relations, gicaiko (^^). 

taxes, yimyfizei {i^AW- 

for application, g-caiyo (^ 

ffl) MO. 

Externally, adv. soto ni ; j/icaiHicn 
(^'bffi)'"; sricaifcei (^t*7^) ?u' ; gicaibu 
[^\-%) ni. 

Externals, n. (outward appearance) 
mie ; gwailcen (5'I^Jl) ; (outward rites) 

Extinct, a. shini-taeta ; tae-hateta ; 
kieta ; owatta ; tsukitaru. 

volcano, shi-kwazan (^jA:Ul). 

Extinction, n. shometsu (j^]jii) ; 
metsxibo (iJ^t) ; or equiv. of Ex- 
tinguish foil, by koto ; (by death) 
shizetsu (5tl8) ; (of a fire) chinkica (^ 
jAc) ; (of hope) zctsiibo (^%). 

Extinguish, t.v. kesu ; messuru ; 
tatsu ; tayasu ; naku nasu. 
to hope, zeisubo (|gg) .'••. 

Extingnisliable, a. equiv. of Ex- 
tinguish in j)ass. voice. 

Extinguisher, n. akari-keshi. 

Extirpate, t.v. no/ne ico tayasu ; 
sozetsu (^ll^) s ; juetsuzetsu (isjfe) -i l 
metsujin (\fS.M.) -" ', bokumetsu (^\^) 
s I (of weeds) no/ne too tayasu. 

Extirpation, n. nedayashi ; sozeisu 
(M^) ; metsuzetsu (jJSSiS) \ jimmetsu ; 
(of weeds) ne tco tayasu koto. 

Extol, t.v. Ivome-ru ; shosan (^gg) s ; 
sambi (^H) s ; shoyH i^i^) s ; home- 

Extort, t.v. yusuru ; itahuru ; godatsu 
(5S#) •'>■ ; 9osei (5SIII) s ; <suj7.'i/« (j^ 
^) .s ; (of taxes, etc.) muhb {^xi,) ni 
choshu (g![Jl5c) s ; (obtain by incessant 
asldng) nedaru. 

to money from a person, 

/tito tco yusutte kane wo toru. 

Extortion, n. yusuri ; itdburi ; go- 
datsu (5S!S); ffo.sei (5?,?*); '"'"'i- 
fiwt ; (act of) equiv. of Extort foil, 
by A- -Co. 

by threats, kyokatsu-shxizai 

Extortionate, a. yusuri no ; go- 
datsu (j£^) no ; gosei (jfiil^) no. 

person, yusuri-te. 

price, Itdijwai (j^^) «o nedan. 

Extra, a. ydbun (^jt) no ; kakugwai 
(ih&^'h) no ; betsudan ( !}ljf5) w. 
tax, mashi-zei. 

Extra, adv good (of articles for 

sale), tobi-kiri no ; .saijolo (§_h. 

Extra, n. (of a newspaper) gogwal (ff,? 
^|-) ; (at an hotel) betsu-kanjo (^IJgi 
Extract, t.v. (by distillation) shime- 
dasu ; senji-dasu ; (from a book) 
nuki-gaki s ; bassui (^^) s ; (imll 
out) 7iuku ; hiki-nuku ; nnki-dasu ; 

to the cube-root, ?ij;pu (if 

^ ) ni hiraku. 

to the square-root, /tetAo- 

{^^'j) ni hiraku. 
Extract, n. (decoction) senji-shiru ; 
(essence) seiki (1^@.) ; ekisu ; (from 
a book, etc.) bassui (tS.^) l nuki- 
gaki ; (officially made) shohon (Jj;^) 
[Civ. Co.]. • 


[ 307 ] 


Extraction, n. (act of) equiv. of 
Extract (t.v.) foil, by koto ; (birth) 
umare ; (Imeage) chi-suji ; Jcetto (iflL 
^) ; shussJio (Hl^) ; tane. 

Extradite, t.v. hiki-ioatasu. 

Extradition, n of a cri- 
minal, hanzainin (^1^ A) »w hiki- 

treaty, hanzainin-hikiwata- 

shi-joyaku {MMK^ismm- 

Extrajudicial, a kwankatsugwai 
i^mb) ria; seihd-igicai (^Ij^m^h) 
no ; saibansho-igwai (^^]^£l^h) no. 

Extraneous, a. ia (ftb) no ; gvcairai 
(9\-m no. 

matter, gwairai-butsu (^h^K 


Extraordinarily, adv. hijo (#^) 
ni ; kakxigxjcai (i^^|^) ni ; fushigi {Tp. 
<Sil) "* ; hogwffi (^^h) ni ; meppo 
ni ; messo ni. 

funny, okashisa kagen ga 


Extraordinary, a. hljd (^^') na ; 
kakugwai (it^9\') na ; tokvhetsu (#3li) 
no; hibon (#4.) na; dogwai {)^^\') 
no ; (irregular) tonda ; toppi C^M) 
na ; (of genius, etc.) bakkun (t^^) 
na; ichijiru.shii ; takuzetsu {^^) na : 
(stmTxg,e) fushigi (?pS^M)na; yo (^ 

expenditure, rinji-hiyo (BS 

BjgJH) ; (of a state or company) (ESi^^ffl). 

general meeting, rinji-sd- 

kwai (EgHf m#). 

Extraterritorial, a, chigai-hoken 

Extraterritoriality, n. chigai-ho- 
ken (f^jfi-mm)- 

Extravagance, n. (in living) ogori ; 
zeiiaku (k??) 5 shashi (^^) ; rohi 
(jgg); sanzai (^^); muda-dzukai ; 
(of behaviour) fuhinkb (Tponff) ; 
toppi i^M) na koto ; rangyo (SLfi"). 

Extra vag'ant, a. (in living) zeitaku 
(l^rp) »w ; shashi (^]%) iio", rohi (^ 
U) ?io ; sanzai (ttftt) no ; (of action, 

preposterous) meppokai na ; (un- 
reasonable) toiuJenwnai ; toppi (5^^) 
na ; hdgicai (}£ j'h) na. 

to be (of persons), ogoru ; 

zeitaku (K?^) .«? ; rohi (^]^) s ; 

sanzai (^ftf) .s ; nmda-dzukai s. 

to say things, to/io tjio nai 

koto woiu. 

Extravag-antly, adv. (of living) 
zeitaku (^?^) ni ; shashi (^^) ni ; 
(unreasonably) toppi (^^) ni ; toho 
mo naku ; muho (AjS) ni ; meppo ni. 

Extravasation, n. roshutsu (^iH) ; 
isshutsu (^ffi). 

Extreme, n. (in extent) kynkutan 

(S'jft') ; hadzure ; tammatsu {ioa^) l 
sal/an (^f^) ; (math.) gicaiko (91-^) ; 
(utmost limit in degree) kiwamari ; 
shigoku (ig@) ; kyoku ; kyokudo (^ 
g) ; kyokusho (g^jf)- 

in the , mottomo hanahada- 


Extreme, a. kyokutan (S^ig) no; 
kyokudo (^^P^) no; also expr. by no 
kiwamxiri or kyoku (gg) after the 
noun ; also in some cases by golcu 
(S)> or kyoku, before the noun. 

cold, gokukan (^^). 

heat, gokusho (S^)- 

orient, kyokutd (g^). 

poverty, gokuldn (i®ft). 

Extreme unction, matsuyu-rei (t^ 

Extremely, adv. itaite ; kiwamete ; 

hanahada ; shigoku (MM) ; mottamo ; 

also expr. by kitcameru ; as, 
to be violent (of an epide- 
mic), shoketsu (Jgjic) ico kiwame- 

Extremity, n. hashi ; kyokutan (S 
■^) ; kyokusho (®J9f) J kyvkyoku {% 


Extremities, n. the , ie-ashi; 

'shishi (HK). 

Extricate, t.v. toku ; hanasu ; toki- 
hanasu ; sukui-dasu. 

Extrication, n. equiv. of Ex- 
tricate foil, by koto. 

Extrude, t.v. tsukl-dasu. 


[ 308 1 


Exuberance, n. yutaka ; yoi/u (^ 
^) ; hnmino (55^) ; ohitadashisa ; 

Exuberant, a. yutaka na ; obitada- 
shii ; ham^no shitaru ; Aqfu (^^) na ; 
yoi/?7 (^^) aru ; (of foliage) shigetta. 

Exuberantly, adv. yutaka »u ; fiam- 
'"0 (S5^) */'i'e ; hofu (^H) »u' ; o6i- 
Exude, t.v. dasu ; shimi-dasase-ru ; 

to perspiration, hakkan (^ 

jf ) .s ; ase ico kaku. - 

Exude, i.v. de-ru ; nagare-de-ru ; ryii- 
shutsu (nJElH) s ; (of resin)/«ArM. 

Exult, i.v. yorokobu ; b-yorokobi wo s ; 
ko-ntjori s ; A:inAn (/Dlt#) « j jakuyaku 
mm) s ; kktsu (llfft) *^ 

Exultation, n. yorokobl ; kinki (fif^ 
-&) • jakuyaku (^Hi) ; dai-kyoetsu 
(A Stti) ; o-yorokolA ; kietsu (gift). 

Exult ingfly, adv. j/o»-ofcondc ; fct7izen 
(!HX?^) '" *^'^e ■» fciTiW shite ; jakuyaku 
(^J3i) 6/«i7e ; o-yorokobi de ; dai-kyo- 
etsu ni. 

Exuviae, n. nuke-gara ; kara. 

E.v-voto, n. osame-mono ; (picture) 

hall, ema-do. 

Eye, n. me ; manako ; (of a needle) 
meilo ; ana ; (of a peacock's feather) 
iama ; nmon (3fJiK)- 

artificial , ire-me. 

before one's very s, me no 

viae de. 

both s, rydgan (^HR). 

bull's , mato no fioshi. 

disease, gambyd (BB^). 

s front ! naore. 

s left, dress ! hidari e narae. 

8 right, dress I migi e narae. 

in the s of the law all men 

are equal, hdritsu (f£^) no gancha 

(D&^i) "i kisen (K^i '^ k-ubetsu 

(IS.;!') 'fa nai. 

in th.9 s of the man of 

science there is no distinction 

of country, gakusha (^^) wa 
kuni to iu koto wo ganchii (^^) ni 

in the wind's , kaie ni saka- 


naked , nikugan (|^lfi). 

one , katame. 

sore , byogan (^B^). 

to be in one's s (of the light), 

me ni chiratstdcu. 

to have in one's mind's , 

inokuromu ; li/ikaru ; mezasu. 

to have one's on, nijchu- 

moku (it@) s. 

to keep an on, nijma tco 


to make s at, nijiro-me wo 

t.fuk'iu ; ni/shtlha (f^jft) wo okuru. 
to strike the , meni eijiru. 

Eye, t.v. mi-ru ; niramu ; (covetously) 
ni/me ico kakeru. 
to one another, nirami-au. 

Eye-ball, n. me no tama ; gankyil 
(BR3^) ; medama [vulg.]. 

Eye-brow, n. mayuge ; mamie ; bimo 

Eye-disease, n. gnnibyd (BRf/g). 
Eye-glass, n. megane ; gankyo (HR 


Eye-lash, n. maisuge ; shmno (git;). 

Eyelet, n. (as of lace-boots) fuitome. 

Ej'e-lid, n. mabuta ; ganken (BRB^). 
upper ....... uwa-mabrda ; jo-gan- 


Eye-servant, n. kage-hinata no aru 

Eye-service, n. kage-hinata no 

Eye-sight, n. mie; shiryoku (j(J^i}). 

to lose the , toajnie ga mie- 

naku naru. 

Eye-tooth, n. kiba ;'itokiriba [vulg.]. 
Eye-water, n. me-gusuri. 
Eye-AVitness, n. mishdnin (^|gA) ; 
niokugekislia (S^#). 


[ 309 ] 



Fable, n. mukasM-banashi ; mono- 
gatari ; (falsehood) tsukuri-goto. 

Fabric, n. (structure) tsukuri-kata 
kekko (i^i^) ; (building) tatemoiw 
(framework of a building) yatav-hone 
(fig., as of society) soshiki (ffi.^) 
(texture) jiai ; (cloth manufacture) 

woollen , ke-ori. 

Fabricate, t.v. (lit. & fig.) isuJcuru; 
(maniifacture) koshirae-ru ; seisaku 

Fabrication, n. (manufacture) sei- 
saku; seizo (^iji); (falsehood) tsu- 
kuri-goto ; koshirae-goto ; (canard) 
kyosetsu (jMWt)'> wisuzosetsu (|SiS 


to be a , kyoko (0^) de aru. 

Fabulous, a. (invented) tsulcutta ; 
tsukuri-m,bke no ; (vast) kyoman ( g 
^) ?w ; (prehistoric) rekishi-izen (^ 
JfcJKlw) no. 

the age (of Japanese history), 


Facade, n. shomen (jEW)- 

Face, n. (of a man) kao; tsura; 
shattsura ; [the latter two words are 
rudel ; (anat.) memhu (MgK) ; gwam- 
men (^M) ; (of a house) omote ; (side) 
men ; (of a type, seal, etc.) tsura ; (of 
a clock) moji-ita ; (of a bill) hyomen 
mm) [Com. Co.]. 

before one's , hito no me no 

mae ni ; menzen (©nif) ni ; mokuzen 
(@9u) ni; ganzen (B^au) ni. 

downwards (on the belly), 

Tiaramhai ni ; utsubushi ni. 

to (of persons), kao wo 

aicasete, or tsuki-awasete ; ma no 
atari ni. 

upwards, (of persons) ao- 

muke ni ; (of things) uwaniuki ni. 

'. value (of a bill, etc.), gaku- 

men-kagaku (IMffiiR^) ; kemmen- 
gaku (#®?R) [Com. Co.]. 

in the of, (as j^ainst) ni/ 

taishite ica ; (notwithstanding) ni/ 
kakawaradzu ; wojmuko-midzu ni. 

on the of it (nominally), 

hyomenjo (^ffiJi) ni ; (clearly) 
alciraka ni. 

right ! migi muke. 

to abuse to one's , men to 

mukatte akko (-^ P ) s. 

to be to , sashi-mukau ; 


to havdthe to do, hadzuka- 

shiku mo naku s ; heiki (^^) de 

to be downward (of things), 

fusette aru. 

to lose , meniboku (ffig) ico 


to make a long , iya ivi kao 

wo s. 

to make a wry , kao wo shi- 

kame-ru ; shikame-tsura wo s. 

to make s, karakai-dzura wa 


to put a bold on the 

matter, kyosei (^^) wo Imru. 

to turn one's away, jiejfi- 

muke-ru ; (with shame, etc.) kao 
wo somuke-ni. 

Face, t.v. (be opposite) nijmukaUt 
(turn in any direction) nifmuke-ru ; 
(of the aspect of a house, etc.) nijmu- 
ite oru ; nifmen (M) s ; (danger) oka- 

ing the west, 7iiihi-muki w). 

to with (a material), deuwa- 

bari s. 

Facet, n. men (M). 

Facetious, a. fiydkin (giiiE) Jta. 
person, hyokimmono. 

Facetiously, adv. hyokin ni. 

Facetiousness, n. hyokin. 

Facial, a. men)fm (MniJ) no. 

angle, menkak-usen (MPl^)- 

neuralgia, gicammen-shin- 

keitsu (|Jlffi#iK5r(15)- 


[ 310 ] 


Facile, a. yasashii ; ie-ganu. 

he is a xaan of pen, ano 

hito ica kempitsuka (M^^) <^«' 

Facilitate, t.v. ni/henri ico yoku s ; 
isurjo (SP-&) yoku s. 
to be d, tstigo yokni nam. 

Facility, n. ybi ni dekb-u koto. 

ies, feenri (M^J); hengi(^'^); 


to aflford ies, benri ico atae- 


witli , traA-e tea naku; taya- 

s'uku ; jiyil (^^)ni; mvzosa ni. 

Faciilgr, n. (in dress) heri; (of stone, 
etc.) iticabari. 

Facsimile, n. hbuigaia ; sho^tni- 
shi ; mo.fha (^%) ; (made by rub- 
bing) hiki-utsiLshi. 

Fact, n. koto ; jijitsu (^g). 

s, (of an occurrence) .sh'ulai (2}c 

^) ; shimat.<iu (J§^) ; iemmatsu (Ig 
j:^); (particidars)/iA;o (^J^) ; (cir- 
cumstances) jyo (^tn). 

as a matter of , jijitsvjo (^ 

S-h) ; jitsu rca. 

from the that, iokoro kara 

follo\s-ing \b. 

in , jitsu ni; makoto ni; (at 

the beg. of a sentence) ittai ( — J^); 
zentai (t^J^t). 

relating to the s of a case, 

jijitsujo no. 

the that (foil. hy\h.),noica, 

or koto tea, following -vb. 

to tell in a matter of way, 

mxtki-dashi ni in. 

Faction, n. toha (^fR) ; to ; toto ({^ 

Factious, a. tolta-teki (Mfl^^'i) »«>• 

Factitious, a. (sham) yiise- ; (trump- 
ed uj>) kyoko (^<$) no. 

Factitive verb, salcui-doshi (f^]g 


Factor, n. (com.) daihennin (f^S^A); 
(math.) baisu (fi^ft) ; (element) yoso 
(S^) ; yoin (150). 
principal , omo na gen-in (^ 

Factory* n. .seizosho (S2lil)9if) ; kojo. 
reg^ulations, kojo-jorei (X|g 

mercantile , shokwan (iSiSW)- 

Factory-g-irl, n. kojo (Xi:)- 

Faculty, n. (mental) c.hie no hatara- 
ki; noryoku (^ij); in compoumls, 

-ryoku: as, reasoning , rikai- 

ryoku (3gfj?;^); (capacity) chikara; 
(special licence) toklcyo (#ft=). 

Fad, n. kiise; (hobby) monodzuki; 
.shiko (^iff-}. 

Fade, i.v. (of colour) same-ru ; taisho- 
kn (S§S,)*J (of 'flowers) shibomu; 
(disjippear) mie-naku nam ; kie-ru ; 
(of authority) otoroe-m ; usiikn nam ; 

FajJT, i.v. karada ico ko ni s ; akuseku 

Fag-end, n. (of a fabric) ori- 

Faggrot, n. (of wood) taha [a.n. 
tea (ffi)]. 

Fahrenheit, n. ktcashi (^Sc). 

Faience, n. nishik-i-de no setomono. 

Fail, i.v. (in business) tsubure-ru ; 
.fhiiidai-kagiri 7ii nam ; (of crops) 
hadzure-m; kyosaku [^\'^) ni nnru; 
(of water) kawaku ; (of a scheme) 
lutdzure-m ; (give out) tae-m ; (in an 
exam.) rakiidai (i$.^) s ; (in an 
action at law) haiso (Rfcl^) s [Civ. 
Pro.] ; (not succeed) shippni (^-Bi) 

to in, (the performance of 

an obligation) icofokotam ; (follow- 
ed by a verbal noun) expr. by 
konan suffixed to indef., form of 

vb; as, to inr doing, yari- 


•will not to, knnaradzu, ta- 

.shika ni, or machigai naku, with 
certain jjresent of vb. 

Fail, n. without , machigai wi- 

k>i ; -soi naku ; iashika ni ; kitto. 

Failing", n. icarui kuse; tansJio (Q 


[ 311 ] 


Failure, n. (in business) hasan (^ 
^); bunsan (^|5:) ; (of the crops) 
fusalcu (:f fl3) ; kyosaJox (lX|f^) ; (non- 
snccess) shippai (-^Hfc) ; fa-shiibi (^ 
■^^) ; (the act of failing) shi-soko- 
imi ; (a case of) deki-sokonai. 

of the heart's action, shin- 

zd-mahi i,tMM^)- 

in the event of to (neglect), 

xcojokotnru toki ica. 

Faint, a. (ot colour) usui; (wanting 
in courage) yoicai ; (of writing, of a 
sound, etc.) knsuka na. 
to be (weak), yowaru. 

Faiiitj i.v. xca]ki f/a toku luxni ; fct 
ICO ushinau ; kizet.m (M.^) s\ mevoo 

Faiiit-liearted, a. yoicai; shbshin 
(/JMb) na ; okubyd (81#g) na ; kokoro 
■no chiisai. 

Fainting, n. kizetsu. 

Faintly, adv. usuku ; kasuka ni. 

Faintness, n. usui koto. 

Fair, a. (white, of complexion) iro no 

shiroi ; (pretty) kirei (^M) "^ 5 (just, 
of persons) ekohiiki no nai; (of 
actions) kohei (&-^) na. 

by means or foul, dmina 

shudan (^|t) ni ultaete mo; an (Hg-) 

niyoiWl ni. 

and proper, .sdto (ffi^) na ; 

tozen (^*{i") na. 

weather, tenki; .s-eiten (n^yiz). 

wind, jumpu (MMi) 5 oi-<e. 

not , dzurui. 

Fair, n. ichi ; (at a temple) ennichi. 

Fairly, adv. shqjiki (iElIt) ni ; jinjo 

(^'^') ni ; (tolerably) kanari ; zui- 

hun ; yaya. 

it may be said that, to itte 

mo murl ica 7iai. 
Fair-minded, a. hempa (f^t^) no 

Fairnes.s, n. equiv. of Fair (a.) 

foil, by koto ; kohei. 
Fair-spoken, a. kuchi no umai. 
Fairway, n. koro (f5;Clf§) ; isiiro (M 

no )i)i' 

Fait accompli, kisui 

t.m (^g). 

Faitll, n. (religious) sldnko (faW); 
shinjin; shinkoshin (^^],t^) ; (religi- 
on) oshie ; in compounds -kyo (^). 
articles of , shinko-kajo (^ 


good , sJii7igi (faS6); (law) 

zen-i (#J;) [Com. Co., Civ. Pro.]. 

to break , sldngi wo yaburu. 

to put in, tcoj shiny lis fR) .f, 

ni/sliin wo oku. 

Faithful, a. .thinjitsu (faS) '*«; *""*■ 
jitsu (lEK) na; (loyal) c/wf/i (,^.56) 
wi ; (of a wife) teisetsu (jrlSI) •''''! 
ieijitsu (J?lS) na- 

the , shinja (fs^)- 

to be , (loyal) chwii ico mamo- 

n< ; (of a wife) tem> (J^tfe) wo ma- 


true and (cojiy, etc.), seijitsu 

(sm) na. 

Faithfully, adv. truly and , 

seijitsu ni. 

Faithfulness, n. chiigi. 

Faithless, a. fi(jit.iu (:^5K) na ; fa- 
chu (:^.'£.) na ; hakujo (J®1#) na. 

Faithlessness, n. fujitsu ; /lakujo. 
Falce, t.v. koshirae-ru ; henzo (@iS) *'. 
Falcated teal, yoski-gamo. 

Falcon, n. peregrine , haya- 

Falconer, n. takojo. 
Falconry, n. taka-gari. 
Fall, i.v. (drop) ochi-ru; (of rain)/i.trw; 

(of the tide) hiku ; (of prices) sagai-u; 

geraku (TrSf) « ; horaku (^f^) s [of a 

great fall] ; (of the vnnd) yamu ; nagu, ; 

(of a thermometer) kudarii ; sagai'u ; 

(surrender, of a town) ochi-ru ; kan- 

raku (MW «• 

to be ing (of the market), 

jihita-muki de am. 

to away, (lose flesh) yasem ; 

fiosoru ; (of friends, etc.) tozakaru ; 
(apostatize) michi too sute-ru ; (of a 
priest) daraku (SftJ^f) s, 

to back (retreat), hiki-age- 

ru ; taikyaku (iMi|J) s. 


[ 312 ] PAL 

to .... back on, (return to) nil 
hiki-kaera ; niitachl-modoru ; (have 
recxjurse to) niltayoru; nijirai (fe 

to behind, okure-ru; ato ni 


to below, no/shita ni tuini; 

does not below (a given 

ligiire), irojkmlaramd. 

to down, (from a height) 

ochi-ru ; okkochi-ru [past tense, ok- 
kochita, or okkotta] ; (from an 
erect position) korobu ; koke-ru 
[W. Jai^an] ; iaorc-ru. 

to forward (full length), 


to in, (of a roof, etc.) nchi- 

komu ; (of the .soil) kanrnku (pg^f ) •'• 

to in a sitting' posture, 

shiri-mochi icj ifiuktt. 

to in love with, nijhore-ru. 

to in one's circumstances, 

orhi-bure-ru ; reiralcxi (^^) s. 

to into, nijochl-komu; (of 

one river into another) ni/ochi-au; 
(a ditch, etc.) hamaru [W. Japan] ; 
(tig. lapse into) nijochl-iru. 

to into an ambush, /«fcu- 

/'f i { \k^) I'-'*- iJekkoicasti. 

to into colloquialisms, 

tsui zokfigo (RflJf) too t.fukau. 

to into the hands of, no/ 

te iii hairu, or torare-i'U. 

to in with, (meet) ni/ile-au; 

(concur) nijshUafjo.xi; ni'/doi (1^^.) 

to off, kara/ochi-ru ; (of 

flowers) chiru ; rakkica (^?E) s ; 
(tig.) oclti-ru; o(oroe-ru; (a horse) 
rakuha (|?.||) a. 

to on (a given day), ni/ataru; 

hi' sold (ffiS) «• 

to out, kenkvxi (nt#) s; tea] 

naka ga icaruku 7iaru. 

to over (as a chair), yiijtstik- 

kakaite korobu. 

to short of, (an amount) nil 

fusoku (^S) s; nilmiianai; (not 
reach a point) niltodokanai. 

to to by lot, nolkujlniataru. 

to under, (fig.) nilki (pf) s; 

(a rule) nil'jfuto (tk^) s. 

to under the jurisdiction 

of, 7iolkicaiik(i(su (^^$2) ni zoku 
(1) s. 

to upon (attack), nilshi-ka- 

karii; niltobi-kakam. 

Fall, n. (ruin) ochibure ; gwnkni (^ 
^?) ; (of prices) geraku ("F^); (of 
Adam) darakni (S?^) ; (surrender, of 
a town) kanraku, (MtS-)'> (cascade) 
taki ; t bakiifu (M^)- 

from a horse, rakuba (f^^)- 

in (bugle-call), shwj('>fu (j|^. 

no '• 

great (in prices) borakn (^ 


to have a (as, from a bicycle), 


Fallacious, a. rikutsu (^®) nl 
mcaiuti; suji no tatanai; ddri (i^i^) 
ni kanaicanai. 

Fallacy, n. byoken (p^) ; (fallacious 
argument) sxiji no tatanai giron (^ 
fro) ; machigatta giron. 

Fallible, a. nyamari-gachi na. 
to be , yoku machigau. 

Fallopian tubes, rappa-kimn (i^ 

FallOAV, n. yasume-ji. 

Fallow, a. to let lie , yamnnete 


False, a. uao no ; (not true) Jiontii (:^ 
^) de nai; kyogi (St(S) no; (not 
faithful) fujii.911 (;flg) na ; (feigned) 
sorazorashii ; (counterfeit) »ii«e- ; fu- 
sei (^iE) 'w. 

eye, ire-me. 

hair, ire-ge. 

keel, fukuryukotsu (filJII-H'). 

report, kyosetsu (^^] ; kyo- 

ho ( 

statement, kyogen (f^'M) J 
(in a Court of law) kyogi no nuishi- 

tears, sora-namida. 

teeth, ire-bii. 

obtaining goods by pre- 
tences, sagi-shiLZai (g^OJBJlRt)- 
seems to be , uso-rashii. 

False-hearted, a. futa-gokoro no. 

Falsehood, n. use; kyogen; kyogi; 
to tell a , uso ko tsuku. 

Falsely, adv. to accuse , fuko- 

PAL [ 313 ] 


Falsetto, n. tsuhmri-goe. 

Falsification, n. glw. 

of documents, hunsho-gizo 

of private papers, shislto- 

gizo (&Sf©iS)- 

Falsilier, n. (of coin, etc.) hmzoshxt 
(@iS*) [Com. Co.]. 

Falsify, t.v. itsutzaru ; (documents) 
gizo s ; (coin, etc.) heivzb s. 

to be ied (of expectations), 


to accounts, cliomen, or clio^ 

jirl, too gomakasu. 

Falsity, n. honto de ?iai koto. 

Falter, i.v. (in speaking) kuchi-go- 

Fame, n. hyoban (^^J); meisei (45 
J^); komei (}g«). 
one's good , meiyo (^9). 

Famed, a. Kakeguwa is for 

its eels, unagi ipa Kakegavxt 110 

meihntsu (^$^) (7a; Kakegawawa 

unagi jio meisho (^fji) da. 

Familiar, a. (friendly) shitashil; 

kokoro-yasui ; lunceremonious) nare- 

mireshii ; (common) tsune no ; (well- 

luiown) rei (■plj) no. 

with (versed in), niakarui', 

ni yoku i.siljita ; »ii tsugyo (iffiBg) 

to become , nareru. 

Familiarity, n. (friendly inter- 
course) kokoroya.tu-datt ; najim\\ (tm- 
ceremoniousness) narenareshii koto. 

breeds contempt, yoi ivaka 

ni kaki tco .shiro [lit. put up a fence 
in friendly relations]. 

Familiarise, t.v. naresaseru. 

to be d with, nijnareru. 

to be d with the sight of, 


to be d with the sotuid of, 


Familiarly, adv. (intimately) shita- 
shikw, (unceremoniously) narenare- 
.'<hiku ; enryo {^Jjlt) »w^u. 

what is called , zoku 

ii^) ni in . 

Family, n. (meiiibers of one house- 
hold) kanai no mono ; kazoku (I^S5I) ; 
kanaiju ; ucMju ; (wife and children) 
saL-ihi (^^); (including relations) 
ahinzoku (i^)^) ; (race) ke ; as, the 

Kurashima , Kurasldma-ke ; 

(bid.) -zi>kii (S) ; (bot.) -kica {pi). 

affairs, (private) uchiica no 

koto ; (busine&s) kaji (^^). 

council, kazoku-kiemgi (^ 

JJ^^nfi) ; shiivzokukicai [Civ. Co.]. 

name, (surname) myoji (fi 

^-) ; sei (it) ; (reputation) kamei 

property, ie no zaisan (Rt 

B.) ; kashi m^). 

head of a , ko.<ifM{^^,) [Civ. 

Co., Civ. Pro.] ; female head of a 

, onna-koshu [Civ. Co., Civ. 


members of a , kazoku; 

members of the Imperial , 

ktcozoku (^W- 

of good , ie-gara no yoi. 

please remember me to your 

, minasa7i e yoroshilcu o.<i.ihat- 

ie kudasai. 

the five ies {Ichijo, 3'yo, 

Kujo, Konoe and Takatsukasa, 
from which the Empress is selects 
ed), go sekke (^$SSJ)- 

the three ies, (Tayasu, Jlito- 

tsiibashi and Shimidzu) go san- 
kyo (ffl)H®) ; (Mito, Oieari, Kii, 
from which a 2'ok~itgaica Shdgun 
was chosen in default of direct 
heir) go sanke ({tps?^). 
wealthy , goka (iR^). 

Family-tree, n. keiihu (^H) ; kei- 

fu mm)- 

Famine, n. kikin (MIS). 

Famished, a. to be , kat.we- 


Famous, a. nailakai ; yiitnei (^^) 
na ; k^nei (K45) "<» I »Ki<iai no; (fine) 
erai [slang]. 

•petBOn, nadakai hito. 

physician, meu (^B); 

place, nieWio (45^). ■ 

Famoiislyf ody. (finely.) wmkui 

migoto ni. 


[ 314 ] 


Fan, n. (folding) ogi ; sensu (SdF) ; 
(round) iichhca ; (used for the fire) 
shibu-nchiica ; (of a wheel) hane; 
(story-teller's) Tutri-ogi. 

electric , deaki-uchiica, 

mount, jigami. 

half-open (used at Court), 

chilkei (^^). 

iron (with iron ribs), tessen 


war , gumbai-uchiton (^gUffl 


Fau, t.v. aogu ; (fig.) sendo (i^lft) s ; 

to be ned by the wind (as, 

a fire), kaze ni aorareru. 

Fanatic, n. shiishi-kicMgai (^hJE 
^) ; kyoshinja (S^*)- 

Fanatical, a. kori-katamatta. 

Fanaticism, n. kori-katamari. 

Fancier, n. kodzuka (0-$^). 

bird , ioriya. 

dog , (foreign dogs) yokenya 

(^itM) ; (Japanese spaniels) chin- 

Fanciful, a. iori-iome no nai ; (full 
of whims) katte-kimama no. 

Fancifully, adv. tori-tojne naku. 

Fancifulness, n. equiv. of Fanci- 
ful foil, by koto. 

Fancy, n. (the imagination) sozoryo- 
ku (Mi^il)', (idea) sozo', kangae ; 
(speculative belief) kiiso (^2®). 

to have a for a woman, 

onna ni ki ga am. 

to take a to (a woman), ?»"/ 

horeru ; ni/hore-komu ; 7iiJomoi tc) 
kakeru ; nijkekb (!Si®) s. 

Fancy, t.v, konomu. 

Faiicj", i.v. omou; (suppose) omoi- 
nasu ; (im^ine) sozo s ; oTiwi- 

I I have met him some- 
where, doko ka de atta yd ni 
I ..yon will fftil, fclmt tea 

yarisokonai-so 7ii omou. 

Fancy, a biscuits, kvxtshisei- 

dress ball, kasd-bntokioai 

goods, komamono; 

goods shop, komamonoya. 

Fang:, n. (snake's) doku-ha ; (of a 
tooth) ne. 

Fan-.sliapecl, a. ichd-gata no. 

Fantastic, (not real) kil (^) >ia ; 
tori-tome no nai; (of shape) medzxira- 
shii katachi no ; katachi no kawatta ; 
kijtiyo (^^') na. 
Far, a. ioi; empo (^'^) no; enkaku 
(SfiS) "'J '• (further of two) muko no. 

point (optics), enten f^U). 

how is it to A.? A. c dono 

kurai da ; A. e nani kodo am ; 

(measured by ri) A. e iku ri am. 

it is not , jiki da ; zo-fa mo na i. 

the East, Kyokxdo (%%); 

Zettb (|g^). 

Far, adv. tbkn ; (by many degrees) 

hamka ni; as, is superior, 

haruka ni masatte oru. 

as as circumstances may 

permit, jijo (^^) no yumtiu ka- 


as as possible, nambeku loa; 

dekiini dake ira. 

and away (with comjarii- 

tive), zutlo. 

and near, enkin (^2£) ni; 

ochi-kochi; hobo (>^-*). 

from , hambaru; empo kara. 

how off were you ? do)io 

kurai hedatatte iia ka. 

so as I am concerned, ica- 

takushi dake vxi. 

so from , dokoro de 

icd nai, kaette. 

Farce, n. kokkei-shihai (Jfi^^fg): 
kokkei-kydgen (rf"^SW) 5 gigeld ift; 
glj) ; kigeki(^^\); doke-sldbai. 

Fare, n. (food) ryori ()(^SI) ; (charge 
for conveyance) chinsen (RI3) ; (per- 
son conveyed) kyaku (^) ; nori-tt ; 
(charge, by bc«t) funa-chin ; (by car- 
riage) basha-chin ; (by ferry) tcatashi- 
chin ; (by horse) 7i')ri-chin ; badai 
{®tS)r (by palanquin) /<:a^o-c/iJ7» ; 
(by rikisfut) k-%t7-uma-cfdn. 


[ 315 ] 


bill of , kondate ; shina-gakl. 

good , go chiso 

Fare, i.v. how did you ? do 

narimashita ka ; ikaga deshita. 

Farewell, interj. sayo-nara, go ki- 
gen yoroshu. 

Farewell, n. (act of departing) 

wakare ; nagori. 

address, sobetsu-enzetsu (jg 

dinner, sobetfiuen {^M%)'y 

wakare no sakadzuki ; beppai (^ij 
1^) ; (given by the person leaving) 

entertainment, sohetsukwai 

(iS^lJ^) ; kolcubetsukicai (-g-SlJ^), 

present, semhetsu (^S'J) I 


to bid , itoma-goi wo s. 

to tike one's , wakareru. 

Fai*-tetclied, a. kojitsuke na. 

a view, kenkyo-fukicai (^5£ 

r^^r^) na setsu (^). 

Farm, n. (cultivated land) denji (pg 

experimental , noji-shikenjo 

Farm, t.v. isukuru ; kosaku s. 
Farmer, n. (cultivator) hyakusho (S" 

m ; noka (^M) ; nofu (^^) ; taka- 


Farm-liouse, n. noka ; hyakushd- 

Farming-, n. (cnltivation) nogyo (ft 
^) ; nbsaku (i|f^) ; kosaku (^f^). 
Farrag-o, n. goia-maze. 

Farrier, n. (horse-shoer) ietteiko (j^ 
l^yj) ; kanaguisu-shi ; teitetsuko ; 
(vet.) ba-i (Hfif). 

Farriery, n. tetteijutsv, ; teitetsujutsu 

Far-seeing, Farsightecl, a. 

(fig.) senken (^^) no ant. 

Fai'siglitedness, n. (lit.) enshigan 

Fart, n. he ; o nara [used by wo- 

to let a , he ico hi-ru ; o nara 

wo s ; hdhi (jftHE) s. 

Farther, a. mitko no. 

Fartlier, adv. motto toku. 

Farthest, a. ichiban tot. 

Fascinate, t.v. no/kokoi-o uoujau; 
mayowasu ; (as a snake) mi-komti. 
he is d by her beauty, 

ano onna no utsukushii no ni ma- 
yotte irii. 

to be d Ijy, ni/mi-toreru ; ni/ 


Fascinating, a. (charming) alkyo 

(^t^) no am. 
Fascinatingly, adv. kore-bore sum 

hodo ; mi-toreru hodo. 

Fascine, n. take-iaba ; sokusai (^ 

Fashion, n. (shape) tsukuri-kata ; 
(the prevailing mode) hayari ; ryulco 
l^W ; hayari-fu. 
new s, shingata no niono. 

Fashionable, a. faryii {JSM) na ; 
hayari- ; ryiikoteki no. 

shape, ryiiko-gata. 

to be <bf things), hayaru; 

ryuko s. 

Fashionably, adv. to be 

dressed, hayari nofu wo shite oru. 

Fast, a. (quick) hayai ; (firm) kafai ; 

(of a dye) hagenai ; (dissolute) doraku 

{m.m) na ; hoto (jft^) na. 

a train, kyilko-ressha (^Jt^\] 


to be (of a watch), suswnJe 


to be hard and (as, of a 

shij) aground), kochaku (0^) shite 
ugokanai ; i-suicam. 

Fast, adv. (quickly) hayaku ; hayame- 
te ; (hurriedly) isoide ; (immovably) 

to be asleep, jukiisxd ({Kj8§) 

.shite oru ; gussuri to ne-konde oru. 

to shut , shikkari shime-ru. 

to stick , shikkari tsiiku. 

Fast, n. (from fish and flesh) shojln 
(ij^jg) ; (from all food, voluntarily or 
otherwise) danjiki (8l|^) ; (volun- 
tary) zesshoku (Igft) ; (from all food 
but fruits of trees and nuts) mokvjiki 


[ 316 ] 


Fast, i.v. shojin s; danjiki s; zes- 
shoku s. 

to from, tcojtatsu. 

Fast-day, n. tachi-bi ; danjiki-jitsu ; 

saiiitsu (5§ H )• 
Fasten, t v. shin^e-m ; tome-ru. 

to a lock, jo ICO orosii. 

to on, tsuke-ru. 

Fastening, n. sUmari; (of metal) 

Fastidious, a. ki-mwlzukashii. 
Fastidiously, adv. H-mudivka- 

Fastidiousness, n. ki-mudzukasJdi 

Fasting» »• sh^in; danjiki; v. also 

Fast (n.). 
Fat, n. abura ; shibo (EBVi) J (as opp- 

to the lean) abura-mi. 
Fat, a, futotta ; koeta ; himan (VM) 
.sh'da ; (greasy) aburakkoi. 

to get ,futoru; koeru. 

Fatal, a. (of a wound) shinu hodo no ; 
iiiochi ni kakaru ; (ixTetrievable) iori- 
]Mesfd no dekincn. 

disease, shihyb (JiM) \ fuji- 

wound, chimeisho {^wmh 

Fatalism, n. jojHt/oron (^^tSi)- 
Fatalities, n. (number of deaths) 

shibosu (jEtlt). 
Fatally, adv. to be wounded, 

chimeisho ico itke-ru. 

Fate, n. (destiny) un ; ummei (S^) ; 
(decrees of heaven) temmei (^^). 

to accept as , unto akirame- 


Father, n. diichi ; otoitsan [fam.] ; 
teie-oya : (one's own ) oyaji ; (an- 
other's) go sompu (ifil^^) ' ?•' shim- 
pu (iUS,^) ; (when addressing a 
child) otottsama ; otoitsan. 

adoptive , ybfu (§|$C)- 

and mother, fuoo (^#) ; 

rybshin (^ft). 

and son,/itsAi (^^). 

Fatlicr-iu-law, n. shuto. 
Fatherland, n. sokoku 

Fathom, n. Uro ; jin (^). 
how many s ? ikujin. 

Fathom, t.v. (fig., a design) mi- 

nuku ; kampa (5^) "f- 

canned; be ed, hakxjrenai. 

to try to another's 

thoughts, hUo no hara wo saguni. 

Fathomless, a. soko no nai. 

Fatigue, n. tsukare ; kutabire ; hiro 

barrack , eiiiai-toban {^?i'^ 


dress, sakugyo-fuku (\^^J\'gi). 

duty, zatsuyaku ($iS) 5 to 

put on duty, ni/zaisuyaku 

ICO ii-tsuke-ni. 

Fatigue, t.v. tsukaraseru ; de]tsuka- 
re-ru [lit. be fatigued by]. 

to become d,yoicanr, kuta- 

hireru ; tsiilcare-ru ; (bored) tai- 
kutsu (ilJS) s. 
Fatness, n. futotta koto ; koeta 

koto ; himan (flRjffi). 
Fatten, t.y.futorase-ru; Jcoyasu. 
Fatty, a. aburakke no am ; ahurak- 
koi; (made of fat) shiboshitsti (\SaWi 
H) "o. 
degeneration, shibb-henshb 

Fatuity, n. kinuke shite oru koto. 
Fatuous, a. kinuke shita. 
Fatuously, adv. kinuke shite. 
Faucet, n. nmni-guchi. 
Fault, n. ayamachi ; ochido ; (flaw) 
kidzu ; kakin (^M) ; (defect) kttten 
(XSi) ; (as. "1 an exercise) machigai ; 
(law) kwashitsu (aS:^) [Com. Co., 
Civ. Pro.]. 

it is the of the parents* 

training, oya no shitsuke ga 
warui no da. 

it is your , omae ga icarui 

no da ; omae no bunen (JS;St) da. 

it must be the of the 

weather, tenki no sei daro to 


to find , kogoto ico iu. 

Fault-linding, a. kuchi-yakama- 
to be , ara tco sagas^i. 


[ 317 ] 


Fault iuess, n. equiv. of Faulty 
foil, by koto. 

Faultless, a. moshibun no nai ; iUiun 
no nai. 

Faultlessly, adv, ayamari naku ; 

iibitn naku. 

Faulty, a. ketten no oi ; machigai no 
yoku am ; moshibun no aru ', fu- 
kwanzen (^^^) na. 

Fauna, n. dobutsu-rui (^4l5ll«S)- 
Favour, n. megumi; on; wikei (,@. 
^) ; (patronage) hiiki ; hiki-tate ; ai- 
ko (^113) ; (partiality) ekohiiki. 

by your , o kage de. 

facts in of the accused, 

Idkoku no rieki (?1JM) to nam 


thank you for past s, mot- 
do seica ni natte arigato zonjimasu. 

to he in , cho (H) ico wfceru ; 

(in fashion) hayam. 

to he in of (a proposal), wo/ 

sansei s. 

to find with, nojki ni iru. 

to make a great of, icof 

talsd on ni kake-ru. 

to result in of (of a suit), 

nojkachi ni nam ; no/shoso (83^1^) 

ni naj-u. 

to win the of, nojkwanshin 

(8)f<U>) ICO kau. 
Favour, t.v. megumu ; ni/me wo 
kake-ru ; (take the side of) nojkata 
womotsu; (a plan) sansei (^^) s; 
(resemble) nllnlte oni. 

to be ed with, nijadzakai-u. 

to with an interview, 

ni/menkicai (ffi^) shite kudasam. 

Favourable, a. (conducive) tsugo 
no yoi. 

circumstances, kotsugo (if- 

comment, kohyo (JJ-fP). 

opportunity, ko-kikicai (JJ- 

to, no rieki to nam. 

wind, j(/mpr< (Kg^). 

to wait for a time, ii iiki 

(nj'^) ICO matsu ; (for some bad 
action) shubi ("M"M) '"o ukagau. 


tsugo yoku. 

adv. (conducively) 

Favourite, n. o-ki-ni-iri ; (of so- 
ciety) aikyo-yakusha (^{^^2%)- 

Favourite, a. ichiban suki na ; (of 
persons) hiiki na ; o-ki-ni-iri no ; 
• choai (§1^) no. 

child, omoi-go; choai-go. 

Favouritism, n. eko-hiiki ; jojitsu 
(11§K) ; kata-hiiki. 

Fawn, n. ko-jika ; sfuka no ko. 

Fawn, i.v. (on, ni) kobi-hetsurau. 

Fawn-coloured, a. kage-iro no. 

Fear, n. osm-e ; (apprehension) ke~ 
^ nen (.'K.'gt) ; kidzukai. 

there is of, no osore ga aru. 

there is no of, kidzukai na 

nai following vb. 

Fear, tv. osore-ru ; kovcagaru ; nil 
oji-ru ; 7ii/ojike-ru. 

Fearful, a. (dreadful) osoroshii; 
• koicai ; okkdnai ; nikunikushii. 
to be (iitraiA), kotcagaru. 

Fearfully, adv. (dreadfully) o.soro- 
shiku ; hidoku. 

Fearless, a. daitan {MfM) na. 
of, xcojosorenai ; ni/ojinai. 

Feasibility, n. (whether feasible or 

not) seihi (^S). 

to consider the of a plan, 

kdkicnku (jftS) ^<"« togern ka 
togenai k% wo kangae ru. 

Feasible, a. dekim. 

not in practice, jissai C^ 

|gf) ni ica okonawarenai. 
Feast, n. (banquet) go cldso (}^g| 
^) ; ky()0 (g|!£) '' (festival) matsuri ; 

as, the of lanterns, boin- 

matsuri ; (of the Church) shukujitsn. 
immoveable , kotei-shuku- 

jilsu iWiimii)- 

moveable , ido-shukujitsu 

Feast, t.v. n'ilchiso s ; icojkydo s. 
Feat, n. gei (g) ; (acrobatic) karu- 

of strength, chikarn-mich i ; 


s of arms, bugei i,i\:&). 


C 318 ] 


Feather, n. (large) hane ; (small) 

birds of a flock together, 

%ishi ua ushi-dzure, uma tea unui' 

brush, hane-hatalci ', sai- 
mattress, hane-huton. 

Feather, t.v. (an arrow) hagu. 

Features, n. yobo (^JS). 

the main of a scheme, 

dn'itai {'hW)- 
Fehrifiigre, n. netsu-samashi ; ge^ 
netmzai (f}f^^) ; seiryozai (frl(»5W)' 
February, n. nigicatsu {z:J3); 
kisftragl [only used in poetry]. 

Feces, n. daihen (:^0|). 

Feckless, a. ikuji no nai. 

Fe<leral, a. rempb no. 

government, rempo-seifu 

Fe<leratioil, n. rengo (IJS'S') ; (con- 
federacy) rempo. 

Fee, n. sharei (|5^i*) ; hosJu'i (^gf|) ; 
reikin (ig&) '. (for an official service) 
tesilryd (^^1^) ; (j>aid by the 
month, as school fees) gessha ( ^ HJ) 5 
(doctor's) shinsatsuryo (t^l^l^) ', 
yakurei (|J5i§) ; (painter's) jumpitsu- 
ryo i^^P^) ; (of a geinin, as a story 
teller) shtigi (jgif&} ; (of a geisha, etc.) 
gyokndni (I-£fi) ; gyoku', agedai; 
shiigl [present rather than fee]; 
(gratuity) kokoro-dzuke. 

copying , (official) toskaryo 

C^M^) '■> (non-official) hikkoryo 

for a legal (or other expert) 

opinion, kanieiryo (^^)|^). 

Feeble, a. yoicai ; kayoicai ; haku- 

j,tku (MM)na. 

Feebly, adv. yoicdku. 
Fee<l, t.v. tabesase-ru ; (birds, or fish) 
ni'e ICO yarn. 

to a child on milk, gyunyu 

(^?L) de kodomo xco sodate-ra. 

to a horse, uma ni kai vco 


Feed, i.v. tabe-ru ; (of birds) asaru. 
to on, vcojkuu. 

Feed, n. tahemono. 

Feeclingr-bottle, n. chichi no tokku- 

ri ; uba-iradzu. 

Feedpipe, n. kyusuikvoan (l&TK'i^)- 

Feel, t.v (touch) ijiru ; nijsawarn ; 
sawatte tni-ru ; (the pulse) mi-ru ; 
(have a sensation of) kanji-m ; oboe- 

Feel, i.v. (have a sensation) oboe-ru ', 
(have the sensibility affected) kanjU 
ru ; (have an idea of) omoi ico s ; as, 

to cold (in the absence of the 

exciting cause), samui omoi iro s. 

I for you, sasshi mdshi- 


to after, tco/saguru. 

to as if, walyo na kokoromochi 


to certain, tashika ni omou. 

to cold (actually), samugant. 

to sorry for, tcojkinodoku- 

gani ; ico/kinodoku ni ainou ; (re- 
pent of) kuyuru. 

to unwell, kokoromochi ga 


Feel, n. te-atari ; ie-zauari ; shushoku 

(^18); as, I don't like the 

of silk, icatakushi ica kinu no te- 
zaicari ga kirai da ; (against the 
skin) hada-zaicari. 

Feeler, n. (antenna) tsuno ; shok- 
kak^i (Mft) ; shokum5 (R^). 

Feelingr, n. (sense of) kxinknku (.^ 
5S) ; chik'iku (fe^) ; (sensation) 
kokoromochi ; kanji ; as, a pleasant 

, it kokoronvjchi ; (idea) omoi; 

(emotion) jo ; fca?yo (^,fn) ; (kind- 
heartedness) nasake. 
bad (resentment), aku-kanjo 

my hands are so cold that I 

have no in them, ie ica 

kogoete kanji ga nai. 

popular ,ji)iki (AM.)- 

to sympathize with (another's) 

s, no/kokoiv no uchi xco sas- 

Feign, t.v. nolmane ico s ; no/fari vdo 
s ; wojomoie ni kazaru ; yosoou. 
to ...... ignorance, shiranu kao 

wo s. 


t 319 ] -FEM 

to sickness, kebyo wo 


Feigned, a. sora- ', nise- ; sorazora- 

laughter, sora-tcarai. 

sickness, kebyo ; sakubyo 


sleep, sora-ne; tanuki-neiri. 

tears, sora-naki. 

voice, tsukuri-goe. 

Feint, n. (in war) kensei-undb (i^jlj 
3igil!l) ; t yogeki (#|?) ; (in fencing) 

to make a ....... damashi too 


Feldspar, n. nikushokuseki(,^^lB)- 
Felicitate, t.v. nifshugi wo iu ; nif 
slmgi ICO nohe-ru ; ni/shuku-i (j^l!®) 
wo 'tyo iM) s. 

to on, too/shuku s; I 

you on your promotion, go 
eiten (Upi5lf|[) ico o iicai moshinutsu. 

Felicitation, n. shugi (^t|) ; 
iicai ; shxikuji (^M) j shukuga {jjH 

to offer one's s, go shugi ico 

iiwshi-age-ni. ; shukuga ico moshi- 
age-ru ; shukuji wo nobe-ru. 

Felicitous, a. (appropriate) yoku 

Felicitously, adv. takumi ni ; shubi 

Felicity, n. kdfuku (a^iiS)- 

Feline, a voice (fig.), nekonade- 


Fell, t.v. (a person) uchi-taosu ; (a 
tree) kiru ; kiri-taosu ; (timber) sai- 
bats~a (JJUtit) •' ; (sew) kagaru. 

Felling, n. (of timber) hassai (tltttl)- 
indiscriminate , rambatsu 

Felloe, n. kushigutn. 

Fellow, n. (one of a pair) aite ; 
katappo ; Icatakata ; (of a scientific 
society ) ineiyo-kwaiin [^^^^) 
[strictly, honorary member] ; (com- 
pnuion) iiakama ; (term of contempt) 

s (in contempt), teai. 

cousins, itoko-doshii [doshi 

expresses the idea of a feeling of 
fellowship between the individnals, 
so that the expression kyodai- 
dosfd, fellow-brothers, is admis- 
sible in Japanese thoiigh not in 
English ; yakunin-doshi means 
fellow-officers with this feeling 
impUed, but a fellow-officer is 
simply doyaku]. 

that , aitsu ; kiyatsu. 

this , koitsu. 

those s, ait sura. 

Fellow-creature, n. oimji nin- 
gen ; ningen-doshi ( A^l^i)- 

Fellow-feeling, n. dcjo (I^fnf); 

Fellow-guest, n. ai-kyaku. 

Fellows-lodger, n. (occupying one 
room at an inn) ai-kyaku. 

to be s at an inn, iomari- 

awase-ru ; ai-yado wo s. 

Fellow^-inen, n. one's , ddbo- 

kyodai mm.^^)- 

Fellows-officer, n. doyaku (I^S) ; 
doryo (mW- 

Fellow-prisoner, n. ai-ro no 


Fellowship, n. (association) naka- 
ma ; (companionship) inajiwari ; 

good , shiinboku 

Fellow-soldier, n. mikata. 

Fellow-student, n. gak-uyii (^ 
^) ; doso (l^JS) ; keiko-nakama ; 
monjin-doshi ; ai-deshi. 

Fellow-traveller, n. michi-dzurei 
tabi no tsure. 

Fellow-watcliman, n. ai-ban. 

Felon, n.juminin (ffiWA) ; (general) 


Felony, xi.}uza% [Cr. Co.]. 

Felt, n. *. 

Female, n. me.9u ; men ; (woman 
onwx ; o)iago [W. Japan]. 


[ 320 1 


Female, a. me- ; (pertaining to wo- 
men) onna no. 

child, jos/ii. 

education, joshi-kyoilcu (ii: 

head of a family, onna- 


operative, jofco (:^X). 

Feniiuine, a. onnarashii ; (gram.) 

josei no. 

gender, josei (^f4)- 

Femoral artery, kodomyaku {JR 


Femur, n. daitaikotsu (i^JSi'W)- 
Fen, n. numa. 

Fence, n. (general) kakoi ; (con- 
tinuons structure) hei (f^) ; (with 
open spaces) kakine ; kaki ; sak-u. 

bamboo , iake-yarai; take- 

gaki ; (of split bamboo set close 

together) kennenji [corruption of 

kenniuji] ; (of slender bamboos 

placed several inches apart) yotsu- 


politicians vrho sit on the 


wooden , itahei. 

Fence, t.y. kakou. 

Fence, i.v. kenjutsu wo tsukau. 

Fencer, n. kenjutsu-t.mkai ; gekken- 

ka (mm"^) ; kenkaku (gj^). 
Fencing', n. kenjutsu (lellliK) l gekken. 

master, kenjutsu ivt sensei 


school, kenjutvu no keikoiba ; 

dojo (il«). 

sticks, sliinai. 

Fend, t.v. to off, yoke-ru ; uke- 


Fender, n. (before a fire) sutohu ■no 
kakoi ; (for a boat) kamase ; (for a 
junk) danzure. 

Fennel^ n. uikyo. 

Ferment, i.v. hakko s ; (of the 
wort) iraku ; (of grain, etc.) mureru. 

Ferment, n. (yeast, etc.) kobo (f(f-%) ; 
(used in .sa/t-e-brewing) moto ; (fig., 
agitation) saicagi-dachi ; doyo (U^). 

' to be in a , futto (9p^)s; 

gcria-gota s ; savcagu. 

Fermentation, n. hakko 

Fern, n. shida ; (edible) xcarahi. 

Ferocious, a. moaku (WM) "« ; "»o- 
retsu (ffiJBJ) na ; osoroshii kowai. 
beast, mbjii (ffiSt). 

Forociou.s-looking, a. nikuniku- 

Ferocity, n. moretsu ; moaku ; nifcu- 
nVcushii koto. 

Ferret, n. shiro-itachi. 

Ferrugfinous duck, aka-hajiro. 

Ferrule, n. ishi-dzuki. 

Ferry, n. icatashi-ba ; tcatashi -yfuna- 

vcatashi ; tosemha (JtlSIS). 
Ferry, t.v. tcntasu. 
Ferrj', i.v. icaiaru. 
Ferry-boat, n. tcatashi-bune. 
Ferryman, n. icatashi-mori ; tcata- 

shiba no sendo. 
Fertile, a. koeta ; hiyoku na ; hojo 

na ; koyu (#fl^) no. 

Fertility, n. fdyoku (flfit^) ; hojo (g 

Fertilization, n.jusei (^i^). 

Fertilized, a. to be (of a 

plwit), mi tro motsu. 

Fertilizer, n. hiryd ()]Ei|Sf) ; koyashi. 
Ferule, n. shippei. 
Fervency, n. nesshin (5ft.t»)- 
Fervent, a. atsui ; hageshii ; nesshin 

Fervently, adv. atsuku ; ori-itte ; 
setsu ni ; hilasura ni ; nesshin ni. 

Fervour, n. nesshin. 

Fester, i.v. umu. 

Fester, n. dekimono. 

Festering, n. tadare. 

Festival, n. matsuri ; shukuten (jgl 
^) ; sairei (^(g) ; (at a temple) en- 

Festivity, n, ivcai. 

Festoon, n. (of flowers) hana-dzuna. 

Festoon, t.v. kumode ni kake-ru. 


I 321 1 


Fetch, t.v. toru; totte kuru; (a per- 
son) tsureie kuru ; (sell for) dejure- 

to back, hiki-toru. 

to go to , tori ni ilai ; (as a 

servant his master, etc.) no/mukai 

ni iku. 

F6te-clay, n, matsuri ; saijitsu (^ 
) ; (of the Japanese calendar) 
taisaibi (i^^U). 

the five (native) s (7th of 1st, 

3rd of 3rd month, etc.), go sekku 

Feticliisni, n. haibutsukyo (^ij^tfe). 

Fetid, a. mure-kusai ; musare-kusai. 

Fetlock, n. akuto-age. 

Fetter, n. ashi-kase. 

Fetter, t.v. ni/ashi-kase wo kake-ru ; 
(fig.) kosoku (Jfij;^) s ; sokuhaku {"^ 
i^J[) 5 ; hodasu. 

Fetus, n. taiji (fl§^) ; hara-gomori 
no ko. 

Feutl, n. ada ; urami. 

Feudal, a. hoken no. 

nobles, (of Japan) daimyo 

(i^^ ) ; (collectively) .shoko (ltl^). 
system, hoken-seido (tjj^ 


times, hoken-jidai {j^J^ 

Feiulalism, n. hoke; ^eido. 
Fever, n. nelsu ; netsubyo (fSS^) ; 
shbkan {^%) [Ctdn. med.] ; (degree 
of) netsudo {^M)- 

intermittent ,okori; gyaku 

(3S) ; kanketsunetsu (f^^^^). 
to cure a , netsu tro toru. 

Feverish, a. to become , ica\ 

netsu ga de-nt ; hatsunetsu (^^) s. 

Few, a. sukunai [sometimes x^ron. 
sukenai] ; [sukunai is not used attri- 
butively ; instead of saying " few- 
men do " the Japanese idiom is 
" do men are few " ]. 

a , expr. by niaan; mitsu- 

yotsu, etc. ; as, 

a persons, shigo}ii7i (HEA). 

a at a time, chira-hora. 

in a days, kinjilsu (2£H) no 

uchi ni ; nisannichi no uchi ni. 

Fez, n. turko-ho. 

Fiasco, n. shippai (^Bfc)- 

to result in a , satetsu 

ico kitasu. 

Fiat, n. meirei (^^). 

money, fu-dakicansatsu {y^ 

. ftmi). 

Fibre, n. sen-i (IKM) ; siiji. 

Fibrin, u. seni-so (|KM^). 

Fibrous, a. suji no oi. 

Fibula, n. haikotsu (^#). 

Fickle, a. uwaki na ; utsuri-gi na ; 
kaicari-yasui ; akippoi. 

person, uicaki-mono [usu. in 

speaking of relations between the 

Fickleness, n. (inconstancy in 
affection) uwaki ; (changeableness) 
utsuri-gi ; kaicari-yasui koto. 

Fictile ware, nerinwno. 

Fiction, n. (fabrication) tsukuri- 
goto ; kyosetsu (^^) ; (novels) 
shosetsu (/J->^). 
legal , inseiho (^!&J^). 

Fictitious, a. nise- ; swa- ; uso no. 

transaction (on the stock 

exchange), kusoba (^ffl^). 

Ficus carica, icUjiku. 
f. nipponica, itabi. 

Fiddle, n. kokyu. 
Fiddle, i.v. kokyu wo hiku. 
Fiddler, n. kokyn-hUd. 
Fidelity, n. (loyalty) chugi (.^>^) ; 
(truth) shinjitsii (jftK) > (of a wife) 
teisetsu {M.^)- 

to show towards, ni/jitsii 

ICO tsulcusti. 

Fide.s, n. bona , ze?i-i (HjR) ; 


Fidget, i.v. mcji-moji s ; seka-seka s. 

Fidgetty, a. sesekomashii. 

Fief, n. hodo m±); hochi (JtJft) : 
(of a dahnyo) ryobun (SS^) ; (of a 
hatainoto) chigyo ; cMgyosho (fy 

TIE ^322 ] 

Field, B. (other than rice) hata ; 
hatake ; (fig., as, of politics) bumen 

s, dcmpaia ; denji (HJft). 

battle , senjo (ig^). 

coal , ianden (^H). 

dispensary, yasen-yakuzai- 

glasses, sbgankyo (^HRii). 

howitzer, yasen-^-yudanho 

of operations, sakusenchi 

post, yasen-yfibin (Wf^WiU)- 

telegraph, yasen-denshin (lif 

officers below rank, shi- 

kwan (tH'b')- 

oil , sekiyu-ktrojo (Sfft^^)- 

rice , ta. 

salt ,ew/m(iaH). 

to take the (mil.), shidsu- 

wet s, mvdzu-t<i. 

while on active service in the 
fjfi'jnnchu (^'^f\^). 

Field-artillery, n. (troops) yasen- 

Field-day, n. rempeUn [j^^ ). 

Fieldfare, n. Eastern , choma, 

red-tailed , hachijo-tsvgti- 

7«t ; akajinai. 

Field gun, n. yasenho (iFRcfi). 

Field-hospital, n. yasen-hyoin (Bf 

Field-inarslial, n, gensai (TCflitJ). 

Field-officer, n. sakvcan (ffe*^). 

Fieldworks, n. hand (5Ss|) ; 
(breastwork) kyoheki (fl^M). 

to throw up , horui ico 


Fiend, n. akuma. 

Fiendish, a. akuma no yo na; oni 
no yd na. 

Fierce, a. hagesldi \ (in appearance) 
nikxiniknshii ; ikatsui. 

to look yHkimu; koicai kao 

wo s. 


Fiercely, adv. hageshiku. 

Fiery, a. (of men) okorl-yasui ; (of a 
horse) arai ; kitsui. 

hot, moeru yo ni atsui. 

Fife, n.fue. 

Fifteen, n. jw/o ; (age of) jugosai 
(+Eil) ; [the Japanese ceremony 
marldng n youth's arrival at the age 
of 15 is termed genihidcu (tcSR) ]. 

Fifteenth, a. (in place) jugo-bamme 
no ; (in time) jugo-dome no. 
the (of the month), jfigonichL 

Fifth, a. (in place) Usutsu-me ?io ; 
(in time) gotabi-me ivo. 
the (of the month), itsuka. 

Fiftll, n. gobun (E^). 

one , gobun no ichi. 

Fiftieth, a. gojfc-bamme 7io ; goju- 
ilome no. 

Fifty, n. goja. 

Figr, n. ichijiku. 

tree, ichijiku no ki. 

not to care a for, hechbna 

to mo omoicarenni ; he to mo omo- 

tranai [vulg.]. 
Fig"ht, n. (battle) Udakai ; (between 
individtials) kenkica (Bgl^) ; tataki- 
ai ; uchi-ai ; buchi-ai ; soto {^M) 5 
(with fists) naguri-ai ; doisrdci-ai 
[W. Japan]. 

hand to hand , sessen (t^fg). 

hard , k"asen (^^Uc). 

sea , kaisen (^ffj. 

sham , enshu (i^^). 

street , shigaisen (Ip^i^). 

Figrht, i.v. (with, to) tatakau ; ken- 
kica s. 

to against (resist), ni/teiko 

to down (an illness), osu. 

Fight, t.v. to/tatahau. 
Fighting-cock, n. keai-dori. 
Fighting-tops, n. senshord (4g 


Figurative, _ a. _ keiyo (?^#) no ; 
tatoe no ; keiyoteki no. 

Figuratively, adv. keiyo shite; 
tntoete ; keiyoteki ni. 


[ 323 ] 


Figure, n. (form) katachi ; Icakko 
(+&ST) ; (i^ J^rtj as dist. from lands- 
cape, animals, etc.) jlmhutsu ( A4^) J 
(of the body) sugata ; (number) suji 
iWi^f-) ; kadzu ; (pattern) moyo (^ 
^^) ; kata', (diagram) dzu(^); as, 
Fif(. Ij daiichidzu ; (statue) sho2o 


of speech, kotoba naJmna; 

kotoba no kazari. 

full-length , zenshinzo (|^ 


I am bad at s, kanjb (gfi^) 

f/a hetn da. 

Figure, t.v. katadoru. 

d, mon- (^) ; as, d satin, 


Figurehead, n. (naut.) ma-odoshi ; 
liaroshin (iftJa'Pl') ! (fig-) molcutaku 
(?H^) ; mokuami {:^MW' 

Filament, n. (bot.) kicashl (^^) ; 
(as, of ft spider's web) ito. 

Filature, n. seishijo (SlS^^) ; 

s (reeled silk), k'lkai-ito. 

Filbert, n. haskibami no mi. 
Filch, t.v. kapparau ; sarau. 

File, n. (tool) yasuri', (of soldiers) 
retsv, ; (lo ({£) ; (for letters) jo-sashi. 

8 (of a newspaper), tsudzuri' 

komi ; toji-komi. 

in single , ichiretsu (— ^ij) 

de ; hitori-dachi ni. 

rank and , heishi (:J|±) ; 

heisotsu (^^). 

three-cornered , sankaku- 


File, t.v. (lodge a document) sashi- 
dasu ; ieishutsu (fl {tl ) .9 ; (receive 
and record) uke-tsulce-ru ; (rasp) ni/ 
yasuri wo kake-ru ; yasuri de sum. 
to off, suri-kiru; suri-otosu. 

File, i.v. ichiretsu ni suswnu ; hitotsu- 
narabi ni aruku. 

to into, ni/kuri-komu. 

File-iish, n. kaica-hagi. 
Filial, a. oya-koko no. 

piety, oya-koko (^^ff). 

Filigree-work, n. Jutri<jane-zaikn. 

Filings, n. yosuri-ko. 

Fill, i.v. (as a sail> fukure-ru ; 
(become full) ippai {—i^^f^) ni naru. 

to up (silt ujj), wnaru. 

to with tears, namida- 

gumu ; namida ippai ni naru. 

Fill, t.v. ippai ni s ; (a tooth) timeru ; 
tsume-ru ; (a bottle) ni/tsume-ru ; (a 
bath) e/midzu wo kumi-komu ; (an 
office) tsutome-ru. 

to a bucket ready for 

use, oke e midzu ico hatte okM. 

to in, (words) kaki-komu; 

kinyu (^St) •' ; [^^> the foreshore)^ 

iime-tate-ru ; (a grave) ni/ts\'.chl wo 


to one's belly, hara tc<y 


to up the deficiency, tasu. 

to up with earth, nii'tsuchi 

tco iwie-ru. 

to with water, ni/midzu ico 

ippai ire-ru. 

Fillet, n. himo. 

Filling, n. (of a tooth, etc.) isume- 

Filling-in, n. (of the foreshore) 
kaimen-umetate (r^ffiSfii.)- 

Fillip, n. tsuma-Mjiki [sign of con- 

Fillip, t.v. tsuma-hajiki s. 

Film, n. uwa-kawa ; usu-kawa J 

(photo.) *. 
Filter, n. midzu-koshi. 
Filter, t.v. kosu. 
Filter, i.v. to in, moru ; sannyu 

Filth, n. aka ; obutsii (f54^)- 
Filthily, ftdv. musakurushiku ; fu- 

kets%i ni, 
Filthiuess, n. kegare ; fuketsu (^ 

Filthy, ft. vivsai; musakurushii ; 
fukets^i na ; kegareta ; fujo na. 

Fin, n. hire. 

shark's s, fuka no hire'^ 

same no hire. 


r 321 I 


Filial, a. shimai no ; saigo (§^) 
no ; kekkyoku (^J^) no ; sue no ; 
salshu (^1*) no ; Jcetchaku (^^) 

judgment, shiikyoku-han- 

keisu {10:M9^T^) [Civ. Pro.]; shu- 
kyokuieki-saiban {let^^MH)- 

negotiation, tedzume no 

dampan (i«^?tj). 

to become (of a judgment), 

kakutei (igS) to narti [Civ. Pro.]. 

Finality, n. there is no , 

hateshi ga nai. 

Finally, adv. isui ni ; shimai ni ; 
(when the termination is objection- 
able) (oto ; ageku no hate ni. 

Finance, n. keizai (tfSP) ; zaisei 
(Wft); nz«>(3iKt). _ 

department, Okurasho {i^ 


Minister of , Okura-daijin 

Financial, a. zaisei no ; zaiseiteki 
(W^W) no. 

world, keizai-shakuai (1^^ 

Financially, adv. keizaijo (fil2t±). 
Financier, n. rizaika (SlBtt^)- 
Finch, n. hiica. 

ground , hagi-mashiko. 

long-tailed rose ., beni- 


Find, t.v. mi-dasu ; mi-idasu ; ni/ 
mi-ataru ; 7ni-tsv]ce-ni ; vii-tsukaru 
[E. obj.-i-J. siibj.] ; (discover) hakken 

an article found, mekke-mono ; 

(picked up) hiroi-mono. 

I have found it, atta, atta. 

to fault, kogoio ico in. 

to out, (by searching) 

sagashi-dasu ; mi-tsuke-rv, ; (by 
enquiry) tadzune-dasu ; (by inves- 
tigation) shirabe-dasu ; to be 
found out (discovered), araicare- 
ru ; hakkaku (§|S) s ; roken (^ 
Si) s ; (in wrong-doing) tca]ashi ga 

to that (recognize as estab- 
lished), tojmitomeru ; to/nintei (g 

Find, n. horidashi-mono. 

Finder, n. mekketa hito ; hirotta 
hito; hiroi-nushi; (of a camera) 

Finding, n. kettei (ft^) ; liantei 

in preliminary examina- 
tion, yoshin-shuketsu-keiteisho (^ 

Fine, n. bakkin (P^) [imposed for 
a misdemeanor] ; kicaryo (p^l^) 
[imposed for a police contravention] ; 
(in commutation of a punishment) 
shoJatzaikin (BJII^)- 

in ....... hikkijo [S^%). 

police , kwaryb [under Draft 

Cr. Ck). of 1901 'varies from 10 

.<ien to 30 yen\. 

Fine, t.v. karalbakkin wo torn ; tco/ 
bakkin ni sho (g) s ; nijbakkin ico 
kica (^) s. 
to be d, bakkin ico torare-ru. 

Fine, a. (minute) komakai ; koinaka 
na ; (slender) hosoi ; (thin) usui ; 
(in texture) me no komakai ; (elabo- 
rate, of workmanship) chimits-u (®;^) 
na ; (very good) saijo (§±) 7io ; 
(beautiful) kirei (^jf) na ; rippa na ; 
(of a woman) onnappuri no yoi ; 
(of a spectacle) migoto na ; (famous) 
erai [slang] ; (of the weather) kicalsei 
(f^B^) na ; (of a pen) hosoi. 

weather, yoi tenki; seiten 

(flfl^) ; ail interval of 

w^eather, harema. 

words, kuchimae. 

in style, isei (^^) yokti; 

sakan ni ; migoto ni. 

of physique, ii karada no ; 

taikaku (^i^) no yoi. 

to use language, kotoba wo 

kazaru ; btmshoku (Xt<S) *'• 
Fine-drawn, a. sasai (SJB) na. 
Finely, adv. komakakn ; hosoku ; 
usiiku ; (splendidly) rippa ni. 

Fineness, n. equiv. of Fine foil, by 
koto ; (of a coin) kosa (S'^) \ shbai 
(>&^) ; sho. 

Finery, n. (fine clothes) hade na 
kimono ; haregi. 

fond of ....... Jiade-zuki na. 


[ 325 ] 


Finesse, n, (stratagem) sakuryakv, 
(^Hjf) ; (adroitness) hintcan (1^^) ; 
kihin (j^l&) ; (craftiness) kbkatsu 

Finjfer, n. yuU. 

fore , hitosashi-yuhi. 

middle , naka-yubi. 

ring , beiiisashi-yyhi ; mumei- 


little , ko-yuhi. 

I'ing-, yuhi-ica. 

to blow the nose with the 

s, te-hamt ico kamu. 

to burn one's s (fig.), 'e wo 


ito count on the s, yubi 

ICO otte kanjo (fflJS) s; can be 

counted on the s, yuhi-ori 

no uchi da. 

to eat with the s, ie-dzu- 

kmnl de iahe-ru. 

to have a in, ni/atama too 

tsukkonde i-ru, 

I'"'ing'er, t.v. ijiru ; (as, goods at a 
shop) hinekuru. 

to a chaplet, jwza %co tsuma- 

tjuru [i.e. coanting the beads with 
the thumbnail]. 

Fili'jerboard, n. kandoko. 

Finjferbovvl, n. yvbi-arai ; kuchi- 


Fiujferiug', n. yuhi no tsukai-kata. 
Fingertip, n. yxihi no saki. 
Finis, n. oxtari. 

Finish, t.v. shimau ; (conclude) 
sum(is%i ; hatasu ; shi-toge-ru ; (put 
the last touches to a piece of work) 

have you ed it P deki-agatta 


I have ed, swvda. 

it is nearly ed, arakata 


it wants only the ing 

touch (of an undertaking), ikki 

(— 1{) ?co kaku. 

to be ed, (ready) deki-agaru; 

(consiuned) shimai ni naru ; mina 

ni nam ; hukiru. 

Finish, n. shiage. 

Finisher, n. shiage-kata. 

Finite, a. kagiri no aru', yugen 


Fir, n. mcdsu ; (abies) momi. 

cone, jna<«t<-6ofcfcuri ; matsu- 


Fire, n. hi ; (conflagration) kicaji 
{•MM) y boya [small] ; (on a hill- 
side) yama-kwaji ; nobi ; (fers'onr) 
ne.ishin (*iit>). 
a close at hand, kinkwa 


an accidental , sosobi (Ij^fQ 

M) ; shikkvxi (-^jAc). 

angle of , hasshakaku (^ 


an incendiary , tsiikebi', 

hokxm [^'h)- 

big (conflagration), d-kicaji\ 

taikica (:fZ'A)- 

cease ! iichikata yame. 

cross , kosha (^%i). 

direct , chokuslta (yttSt)- 

enfilade , jusha (fiSiH-). 

field of , sliakai ( |^#). 

! ute, 

broke out at No. 2, nlban 

kara shukkica (tB'/c) shita. 

test 115 degrees (for oil), 

h'idome 115 do. 

flanking , sokusha {%^). 

miss ffuhatsu (Tpjcf). 

oblique , shasha (^^m). 

spot where a originates, 


strength of a , ]ii no te. 

the has been extinguish- 
ed, ktcaji ga kieta ; chinkxca 
(SSi'M "i nntta. 

the has burnt out, Id ga 


the has gone out, hi ga 


there is no smoke without 

, hi no ke no 7iai tokoro kemuri 


to be on , moe-nt. 

to be under , hogeki (fi£i(|> 

ico uke-ru. 

to catch , moe-tsvkti ', (one 

object from another) ni]hi ga 

to destroy by , yaki-suteru ; 

to be destroyed by , i-uish^ 


[ 326 ] 


(M.^) s [only of a fire -which 
started elsewhere]. 

to light the , hi wo okosu, 

or taki-tsuke-7'u. 

to miss , de-sokonau. 

to set to, (a house) nilhiico 

tsuke-1'u ; nijhokwa s ; (fuel) ico/ 

Fire, t.v. (a gun) hanasu ; utsu ; (a 
torpedo) hassha (<^%i) s ; (a town) 
yaku ; ni/hi ico hanasu ; (pottery) 
yaku ; (tea) hoji-ru. 

to ball cartridge, jitsudan 

(K51) »fO hassha (Hit) «• 

to blank cartridg^e, kii- 

hatsu (^^) s. 

to ...... volleys, issei (—J?) «* 

Mssha s. 

Fire, i.v. teppo (Ji^Sfi) too hanasu, or 
utsii ; happo (Sfifi) s. 

Fire-alarm, n. hansho (■^gt); 
kicaji no shirase. 
of 4 bells, yotsvban. 

Fire-arm, n. teppd. 

8, Juki (i^2S) ; juhd; shoffi 

dealer in s, juhosho 

Fire-arrow, n. hiya. 

Fire-bell, n. hansho (4=^). 

to sound the rapidly, 

hayu-gane wo utsu. 

Fire-brand, n. moe-gui ; moe-sashi ; 

Firebrick, n. taikwa-rengwa {^'M. 


Fire-brigarte, n. hUceshi-gumi ; 
shobb-<jumi (JtB^ffl.). 

Fire-«lrill, n. (firemen's practice) 
shobo-renshu (rl^'SSSl^) 5 dezome 
[used of the exhibition given in 
January each year]. 

Fire-engine, n. pompu ; ryvdosui 

(l|n±7)t) ; shoboki (rl^KS)- 
Fire-extinguislier, n. shokicaki 

Firefly, n. hotaru. 
Fire-guard, n. kana-ami ; ami. 
Fire-hook, n. toU-guchi. 

Fire-insurance, n. kwasai-hoken 
('AiAmm [Com. Co.]. 

Fire-irons, n. siobu no dogu ; kwaki 

Fireman, n. hikeshi ; s?idbofu (fi^R^ 

^) [the material of a Japanese 's 

dress is called sashiko] ; (stoker) 
kwafu {'M^)- 

Fireplace, n. iron [a square depres- 
sion in the middle of the floor] ; 
(foreign) stobu, 

kitchen , kamado ; hidoko. 

Fire-plug, n. bokwasen (^'A^)- 
Fire-proof, a. hidztiyoi ; bokica no. 

oil, hidome-abura, 

safe, bokica-kinko (^ik^W-)- 

Fire-shovel, n.juno. 

Fireside, n. hi-no-soba. 

Fire-w^alking:, n. (Shinto cere- 
mony) M-iraiari. 

Fire-warden, n. hi no ban. 

Fire-water, n. (bad liquor) kichi- 

Firew'ood, n. iakigi ; takimono ; 
takitsuke ; (shaped) maki. 
dealer in , makiya. 

Fireworks, n. hanabi. 

dealer in , hanahi-ya. 

to let off. , luDiabi ico age-ru. 

Fire- worshipper, n. kicakyojin (-M 


Firing, n. shageki. 

kneeling, shissha (^M)- 

lying dovrn, fukusha (ik%i). 

party (at a funeral), gijohei 


practice, hakkwa-enshu (^ 

standing up, tachi-uchi. 

independent , kyushageki (^ 


sound of (of artillery), hosei 


volley , issei-sJiageki (— ^^ 


Firm, a. shikkari shUa ; (in purpose) 
kesshin (^it^) no katai ; ugokase- 
nai ; mayoicasarenai ; (not soft) katai. 
belief, kakiishin (S^jg). 


[ 327 ] 


Firm, n. shokwan {^$S) [esp, a 

foreign ]; shokwai {^"^) [used 

with the name of the ] ; shoten 

Finn 1 J', adv. shikkari to; shika to', 
(strongly) johu ni ; (in refusing) kata- 

Firiiliiess, n. shikkari shita koto, 
(determination) ketsndan (^J^). 

First, a. (of time or place) ichiban 
saki no ; massaki no ; (earliest) saisfio 
(fii?JJ) ho; shoteno; (ordinal of one) 
ichiljan ( — f§) no. 

aid (med.), okyu (MM,) '>^ 


officer (nant. ), itto-untenshu 

secretary (of Legation), 

itto-shokikwan (—HUME'S). 

for the time, hajimete. 

in instance (law), dai-isshin 

(-?&') ni [Cr. Pro.]. 

in the place • besides 

, dai-ichi ni katsu . 

of the rank (of artists, -pdli- 

ticians, etc.), dai-iddryu (^— t5S) 


the , (of the month) ichini- 

chi ; isuitachi ; (with a Sovereign's 
name) dai-issei (^— iS:). 

the consignment (ot the 

season), hatsu-ni. 

the snow (of the season), ^- 


the time, hajime ; the 

time I fired a gun, hajimete teppo 
iro utta toki ni. 

to be the to enter a fort, 

sentd {^^) s., adv. saki ni ; (in the first place) 
dai-ichi ni ; madzu. 

at , hajime wa; saisho wa; 

hajime no uchi wa ; shote ni 

from the , saisho yori; haji- 
me kara. 
to go i saki e iku. 

First-born, a. sdryo (ifttH) »o. 

child, nii/o. 

daughter, chojo (^^). 

son, chonan (S>)5). 

First-class, a. joto (±#) na; (of 
tickets) jo^o no; itto ( — ^) no. 

First-fruits, n. luttsumono. 

Firsthand, a. (of information) jifca 
nikiita; honnin (jfcA) kara no. 

Firstly, adv. dai-ichi ni. 

First-rate, a. joto na. 

statesman of ability, itto- 

7-ya (~^M), or daiichi-ryu (^— 
f^), no seijika 

Fiscal, a. z'tisei no. 

I>olicy, zaisei-seisaku (Hti^ 

stamp, shfinyu-inshi (JJ^A^ 

Ift) ; shoken-inshi (i2#Clli|ft). 
year, kwaiM-ei-nendo (^f,fif- 


Fisli, n. ito [not as food] ; (as food, 
etc.) sakana [a. n. hiki (E) ; hi (^)] ; 
(collective term) gyorui (^^). 

baked , yaki-zakana. 

boiled , ni-zakana. 

broiled , yaki-zakana; {vnih. 

salt) shio-yaki; (with noy flavour- 
ing) teri-yaki. 

dried , himono. 

fresh (not salted), nama-mo- 


fried , (a la japonaise, with 

salt) shio-yaki ; (with flour) tempu- 

raw , (a dish) sashi-mi; tsu- 

kiiri-mi [W. Japan] ; (washed after 
slicing) arai. 

small , ko-mkana ; zako-mo- 

no [provincial]. 

to feel like a out of water, 

temochi-husata de aiii; kappa (/a 
oka e agatta yo da. 

Fish, Lv. «o, or sakana, tea toru; 
(with a line) sakana too tstiru ; (with 
a cast-net) ami tco utsti ; (with a drag- 
net) ami wo liiku. 

to for compliments, midzH 

tco mukeru. 

to with the fly, kabari de 


Fisherman, n. rydshi (iftfflf) ; gyofu 
m-:^)- . ,• 


[ 328 ] 


Fishery, n. (business) ryo; gyoryo 
(B.W ; gyogyo (fSkW ; (place) rydba 

{Wl^) [the ies on the Yezo coast 

ore called basho]. 

deep-sea ies, or fishing', 

oki-ryo ; enyo-gyogyd (^#ife#|). 
loag-shore ies, jika(a-ryo. 

Fisli-gigr, n. yasu. 

Fisli-hawk, n. misago. 

Fisliliook, n. tswi-bari; hari. 

Fishing-, n. ryo; (angling) <*un ; v. 
also Fishery. 

...... boat, ryosen (iftilg) ; (for ang- 
ling) tsiiri-bune. 

fly, kabari. 

line, isuri-ito. 

rod, isuri<ao [a.n. fion {^)]. 

Fish-insect, n. shimi ; shimi-mushi. 

Fish-inanure, n. shime-kas^i. 

Fish-market, n. uo-ichi; sakano' 

Fishmong-er, n. sakanaya; naya. 

Fish-oil, n. gyoyu ; gyotoyu {-^Mffy); 

FishiKMld, n. (where fish are kept 
for food) ikes\i ', (do. for sport) tsuri' 

Fish-tori)erto, n. gyokei-snirai (gi 

Fishy, a. iiamagusai ; sakana-kusai. 

Fissure, n. ware; suki; wareme; 
kirelsu (ftm)- 

Fist, n. kobushi. 

clenched , nigm-kobushi ; 

(/enkotsu (^^). 

to give a hard blow with the 

, nijtekken (g?^) ico kmcae-i-u. 

Fistula, n. rokican (^^). 

in ano, anaji; jb-o (^^); 

hasvji ; komon-rokican (fillH^^)- 
Fit, n. (of clothes) kakko (ij^^Jf); 
(convnlsions) kyofu (iRSi)- 

by s and starts, yattari yara- 


epileptic , tenkan (|KJB). 

Fit, a. tekltb (i®^) na ; so-o (ffii?.) na ; 
soto (ffl^) mt. 

not to eat, taberarenai. 

to be , kanau. 

to be for (a post, etc.), 7u/ 

tekito .9. 

not to be for (unequal to), 


Fit, i.v. au ; (of clothes) yoku au ; ho) 
kakko ga ii. 

to get to (as a hat with wear- 
ing), 7iajimu. 
to in, hmnaru. 

Fit, t.v. (be suitable to) nt/au ; (make 
suitable to) jiijaicase-ru ; (make fit) 
kanaicaseni ; (as, a key h lock) nijau ; 
ni/fugo (^^) s. 

to be ted, kanau. 

to in, hame-ru; (of dove- 
tailed work) kui-atrase-7'U. 

to on (clothes), kite mi-ru. 

to out, .ihitaku {^1^) s; (a 

fleet) ./ho (|^^5) s; to out 

an expedition (mil. or scientific), 
e)isei (-^iE) Hojunibi (i^^) ico s. 

to together (a machine), 


to up with (as machinery), 

111 tco sorhi (^<^) s ; nijsoiiae- 

tsuke-ru ; to be completely 

ted up with, icojkicambi (^(^) 
shite oru. 

Fitfully, adv. to blow , aida 

%co oite kaze gafuku. 

to rain , aida ico oite ame ga 

furu ; ame ga futtari yandari s. 

Fitter, n. (of machinery) kikai-kumi- 

Fitting's, n. (of a house) zbsaku (j^ 
f^) [fixed] ; (of a Japanese house) 
tatequ [moveable] ; (general) fuzi')ku- 


metal (on woodwork), kana- 


ships' , sengu (j|5^). 

Five, n. & a. itsidsu ; go ; (in count- 
ing) it ail. 

the elements, gogyd (Efr)- 

the social relations, gorin 

the virtues, gojo (S^)- 


[ ^29 ] PLA 

Fivefold, a. itsue no. 
Fivefold, adv. itsue nu 
Five-storeyed, a. (of a house) go- 

kai (Sp^) no; (of a pagoda) gojfi (E 

fi) no. 
Fix, t.v. (determine) sadame-ru ; ki- 

me-ru ; kakutei (5gS) « ; (designate) 

shitei (tE^) s ; (a price) tsuke-ru. 

to in, hame-ru. 

to on, tsuke-ru. 

Fix, i.v. (settle) ochitsuku; (become 

firm) katamaru. 

Fix, n. to be in a , komaru; to- 

irakii (^^) s ; nitchi mo satchi mo 

ikamd ; u'joki fja tsvkanai. 

Fixed, a. (definite) kimatta ; ittei {-^ 

^) »to; (not moveable) tigokanai; 

(prearranged) yotei (B^S) no ; (as, of 

house-fittings) ts%tkuri-(suke no. 

capital, kotei-shihon (@^^ 


deposit, teiki-adzukekin (S 

determination, fcftss/im (Pi 

hour of sailing, kakutei (Sg 

^) no batsuhyo-jikoku (felffil^^). 

light, /«do^> c^mm- 

price, teika (^M); slwfuda- 


sailings, teiki-kokai (5^^^ 

^)- . ^-. 
star, kosei (thS.). 

there is no rule, kimari ga 

nai ; joki (yji^^) to t nal. 

Fixedly, adv. to stare at, wo/ 

jitto niramn ; icolml-tsume-ru. 

Fixture, n. zosaku (J2t^) ! teichaku- 

hutsu {^^m [Civ. Co.]. 
Fizz, i.v. shu-shu to oto ga s. 

Flal>bergasted, a. to be , 

Flabby, a. gvnya-gunya shita ; gura- 

ijarn shita. 
Flag:, n. (banner) ^a<a ; hata-jirushi; 

(hoisted at religious festivals) nohori. 
of truce, kynsenki (f^W<.t%)'y 


house , kxoaisha-ki (#jj±Sf). 

Japanese , Kition-ki ; hi-no- 

merchant , shosen-ki (^j|5 


national , kokki (WlWt)- 

signalling , shingo-ki (iU^ 


trade follows the , shogyo 

(iS-3^) 'ca kokkl ni shitagau. 

yellow (quarantine) , ken-eki- 

, ki " 

Flag, n. (paving-stone) shiki-ishi. 
blue (iris), hana-shobu. 

Flag, i.v. yurumu ; (cool) reikyafcu (t^ 

the interest s, omoshiromiga 

usuku nam. 

the pace ged, ashi ga haka- 

doranakii natta. 

the spirits of the troops 

ged, gunki (^il) ga soso (fBM) 
shite kimashita. 

Flag-captain, n. sanibo-taisa (|& 

Flagellate, t.v. muchi-utsu. 

Flagellation, n. muchi-uchi. 

Flageolet, n. shakuhachi; [^Zioand 
hichiriki are varieties used at fune- 

Flag-lieutenant, n. sambo-taii (^ 

Flagrant, a. (heinous) keshikaranu ; 
(marked) icMjinishii ; (gross) judai 
(S:A-) 'W. 

offence, geoikohan [Cr. Co.]; 

genkd-Jianzai (^^^^) [Cr. Co.]. 
quasi offence, jun-genkohan 

Flagrantly, adv. (actually) gen ni. 
Flag-secretary, n. samibo-hisho- 

kican mmm^t)- 
Flagship, n. kikan (fltJlf ). 
Flagstaflf, n. hata-zao. 
Flail, n. kara-sao ; kururi. 
Flake, n. (of snow) hira; (of fire) 

iol)ihi ; Idbana. 

to fall in s (of snow), rhira- 

chira iofuru. 

Flame, u. hi; hono; kiraen ('AfiB)- 
forco of the s, kirasn (jAjij*'). 

PLA [ 330 ] 


Flame, i.v. moe-ru. 

to up, moe-agaru. 

Flaming-o, n, hi-dzuru. 

Flange, n. fuchi. 

Flank, n. (of the body) yokoppara ; 
(side-face) sokumen (MW) ! yokomen 
(^®) ; (mil.) yoku ; sokumen. 

directing ,jiku-yoku ($A||). 

attack, sokumen-kogeki (M 

inner , naiyoku (ft^). 

left , sayoku (;fei|). 

outer , gicaiyoku iffl'M). 

reverse , hantaiyoku (S.WiM)- 

to cover one's , sokumen ico 


to take in , yoko-al ico utsu ; 

(mil.) sokumen tco tsuJcu. 

Flannel, n. * ; furaneni. 

cotton , men-nerii ; kishu-neru. 

Flap, i.v. (of a door) aoru ; (as, of a 
flag) bata-iata s. 

Flap, t.v. to the wings, ha- 

bataki, or hane-bataki, ico s. 

Flap, n. (of a door) ioUra ; (of a 
pocket, etc.) futa. 

Flare, i.v. (of a lamp) ica\hi ga de- 
sugi-ru ; moe-siigi-ru ; patto moe-ru. 

to up, (of a fire) totsuzen (5^ 

^) moe-agaru ; (in anger) okori- 
tatsu ; gekido (^Hf^) s. 

Flasli, i.v. hikaru ; (as, a sword-blade) 

Flash, n. hikan ; Mrameki. 

light, (revolving light) kicai- 

tenio (mU^) ; (photo.) * ;'signal- 
ling by light, tokico-tsiishin 

of lightning, inabikari; he 

ran past like a of light- 
ning, inadzum'i no yo ni hashilte 

to comprehend in a , katsu- 

^^n (1^^) to shite satoru. 

Flashing-point, n. hatsuenten (^ 

Flask, n. suidzutsu ; suito (TM^f). 

Flat, a. (even) hirattai ; taira na ; (of 
an object) hempei (M^) 'na [scienti- 
fic term] ; (of a road) taira na ; heitan 
(^S) no, \ (uninteresting) mazui ; 
umami no nai ; omoshiromi no nai. 

nose, hikui hana. 

to beat , tatald-hirame-ru. 

to become (lose effervesc- 
ence), v:a]ki ga nuke-ru. 

to be (of the market), fu- 

kicappatsu C^^^) de aru; ica]ki 
ga noj-anai. 

Flat, n. (of ground) hirachi ; heichi 
(^m) ; (mus.) henkigo (ISiEM). 

to strike with the of a 

sword, katnna no hira de utsu. 

Flat-bottoinecl, a. soke no hirattai; 
hira-zoko no. 

Flat-fish, n. hirame. 

Flat-iron, n. kote; (vessel with 
wooden handle in which charcoal is 
placed) hinoshi. 

Flatly, adv. to refuse 


Flatness, n. equiv. of Flat foil, by 

Flatnosed, a, shishippana no. 

to be , icalhana ga agura wo 

kaite oru. 

Flatten, t.v. taira ni s ; hirattaku s. 

Flatten, i.v. taira ni nam ; hirattaku 

Flatter, t.v, no/kigen wo toru; nij 
hetsurau ; home-soyasu. 

Flatter, i.v. o seji ico iu, or tsukau. 

Flatterer, n. o-seji-mono ; keihaku- 

Flattery, n. o seji; tsuisho-keihaku 

{'it'^MM) ' hetsurai. 
Flatulence, n. fiiki (MM)- 
Flavour, n.ajiwai; aji; ambai;ka- 
gen ; ffnni (®.g^). 

to have a of , ke 

ga aru. 
Flavour, t.v. iii/aji ico tsuke-ru ; nif 
kagen ico s. 

is ed with , de aji 

wo tsukete aru. 


[ 331 ] 


Flavourless, a. aji no nai; mazid; 
(fig.) shumi no nai ', mu-shumi (feffi^) 

Flaw, n. kidzu ; (fig.) kalcin (^^) ; 
ketten (XSi) '< (in pottery, developed 
during firing) yama-kidzu. 

Flawed, a. kidzu no am. 
article, kidzumono. 

J'^lawless, a. kidzu no nai ; mu-kiuzu 
no ; (fig.) moshibun no nai ; ketten no 

Flax, n. ama. 

Flay, t.v. no/kaica wo hagu. 

Flea, n. nomi. 

powder, nomi-Ajoke. 

Flea-bite, n, nomikJad. 
Flcrtgred, a. hane no haeta. 
Fledgeling, n. hina ; hiyokko. 
I'Mee, i.v. nige-ru ; shuppon s ; dasso 

mm s. 

Fleece, n. kegawa. 

Fleece, t.v. nojchi wo suu [lit, suck 
the blood of]. 

to be d, (to one's last cent) 

hadaka ni sare-ru; (as, by a rild- 
shaman, etc.) borare-ru. 

Fleet, n. kaniai. 

paymaster, v. Paymaster. 

volunteer , giyu-kantai 

Fleeting, u. hakanai. 

Flesh, n. niku ; (as opp. to spirit) ni- 

kutai (l^fl). 
Fleshy, a.fuloUa; debu-debu shita. 

Flexible, a, shinayaka na ; magari- 

Flexor, n. kukkin {MM)- 
Flicker, i.v. chiratsuku. 

Flight, n. dasso (JSLfk) ; (absconding) 
tuho (i^t) ; (mode of flying) tobi-yo ; 
tobi-kata ; (flock) mure \ (of stairs) 

to put to , oi-harau; (the 

enemy) sojb (^S) s. 

Flighty, a. ukatsuita. 

Flimsy, a. yowai; mochi no warui; 
(of an argument) kil (^) na; (of a 
building, etc.) yanikkoi. 
a excuse, Aon no, nogare-ko- 


Flinch, i.v. ato-bishori s ; hirumu ; 
warobire-ru ; hekieki (1B$^) s ; kudzu- 

Fling, t.v. nage-ru. 

to away, sute-ru; nage-utsu. 

to down, nage-tsuke-ru. 

to open, oshi-hiraku. 

Flint, n. hi-uchi-ishi. 

and steel, hi-uchi'dogu. 

Flippancy, n. keisotsu (M^)- 

Flippant, a. karogaroshii; keisoisu 

Flippantly, adv. karogaroshiku ; 
keisotsu ni. 

Flipper, n. midzukaki. 

Flirt, i.v. to with, to/icha- 

tsuku ; nijkarakau ; ico/hiyakasu. 
Flirt, t.v. (a fan) narasu. 
Flirtation, n. ichaisuki ; hiyakashi. 
Flit, i.v. ionde aruku. 
Float, i.v. vkahu ; nkamu ; vku. 

to about, uki-mawaru. 

to ashore, hybchaku(^1^) s. 

to off (of a stranded vessel), 


Float, t.v. ukabe-ru; (a company) 
•letsuritsu (^jt) s ; (a loan) tsunoru ; 
boshfi (^%) s. 

Float, n. uki. 

Floating, a capital, ryudij' 

shiho7i (xMWi1^^) ' unten-sfiihon (i»g 

dock, uki-dokkii; fuyft-sen- 

kyo (h^mH&m) Ifukyo. 

matter, fuyu-butsu (\fmt^). 

Flock, n. mure. 

to form in a , gun (^) too 


Flock, i.v. to together, iakaru ; 

yori-atsumaru ; muragaru ; gunju 

inm) *• 

Flog, t.v. tataku ; muchi-utsu. 


[ 332 ] 


Flog'gfing', n. (prison punishment) 
chikei (^M) > tataki-banashi. 

Flood, n. kodzui (S^tK) 5 o-midzu ; de- 

damage by , suxgai (i^^)- 

the s are out, slmssui ({i37jc) 


the , dai-kodzui (i^Wi^)- 

Flood, t.v. ni/midzu wo ippai hika ; 
ico/mklzu ippai ni s, 

to be ed, ni]midzu ga afure-ru; 

(of houses) shinsui (g7X) s. 

Flood-gate, n. suimon (tKP^) '> ^i- 

Flooding, n. (med.) shikyu-shukke- 

tsu (j-tnim- 

Flood-mark, n. midzu-gui. 

Flood-tide, n. age-shio. 

Floor, n. i/uka; (ledge round the 
doma) ita no ma ; iiajiki ; (of a bath- 
house) itaba ; [the space between the 

and the ceiling below is called 


earth (at entrance to Japa- 
nese house), doma. 

fii'st , nikai. 

second , sangai (HpS). 

Floor, t.v. ni/jjuka wo haru. 

to with wood, wo/ita-bari ni 

s ; uojila no ma ni s. 

Flooring, n. yuka-kari. 
Flop, batari to ; patatto. 
Flora, n. shokubutsurui (M4^3S)- 
Floral arrangement, ike-^aim. 
Florence, n. (town) Ilirenze. 
Florid, a. (of complexion) makka na ; 

{ot style) bunshoku (Xfl?) nooi; ka- 

zari no oi. 

Florist, n. hanaya ; uekiya. 

Floss-silk, n. ma-wata. 

Flotsam, n. hyorytdnttsu (^pJE^ife). 

Flounder, n. karei. 

Flounder, i.v. agaku ; hane-ru. 

to ...... about in the mud, doro 

no iiaka ni baia-bata s. 
Flour, n. kona. 

buckwheat , sdba-ko. 

wheaten , udon-ko. 

Flourish, i.v. sakan ni nam ; (of a 
town, business, house, etc.) hanjo (^ 
^) s ; sakae-ni ; han-ei (^^) s ; (of 
a flower) sodatsu ; (as, of a painter) 

Flourish, t.v. (brandish) favi- 

Flourish, n. (of the pen) tsunoi 
(arabesque) karakusa. 

Flourishing, a. sakan na ; (of a 
town, etc.) hanjo na ; han-ei 7ia ; (of 
a person) haburi no yoi ; ikioi no yoi ; 
(extensive, of trade) seidai (^i^) na. 

Flout, t.v. azake-ru ; anadoru. 

Flow, i.v. 7iagare-ru; (of blood, etc) 
de-ru ; (of the tide) sasu. 

the tide is ing, age-shio ni 

natte oru. 

to into (of a river), ni/nagare- 

komu ; ni/sosogu. 

Flow, n. nagare. 

Flower, n. hana ; (in si)eaking of 
the size of the corolLi) rin (fSi) ', 
(prime) massakari. 

artificial s, tsulctiri-hana ; 

(chips which open in water into 
the .shape of flowers) suidirikira 
(tK^'^E); (made in kneaded flour 
as an exhibition of sleight of hand) 
shinko-miku (^(i^mX.). 
birds and s (as an art sub- 
ject), kwacho (^^). 

of an army, seihei (<^j£). 

s of sulphur, yu no hana. 

to be in full , massakari de 

aru ; mankai (^P§) de aru ; hana- 
zakari de aru. 

FlOAver, i.v. no]hana ga saku. 

to begin to , saki-kake-ru ; 


Flower-basket, n. hana-kago. 

Flower-hed, n. kwadan (?£f5). 

Flower- bud, n. tsubomi. 

Flower-garden, n. hana-batake ; 

hana-yashiki ; hana-zono ; niwa ; 

Flowering-plant, n. kusa-bana. 
Flower-pot, n. ueki-bacM. 


[ 333 ] 


Plower-scissors, n. kusa-basami ; 

Flower-show, n. hana no kwai. 

Flower- vase, n. hana-ike; kwaUn 
i^M) ; hana-iate. 

Flowery, a. hanayaka na ; hana- 
banashii ; kicahi (^^) na. 

the Eingdom (China), Chu- 

kwa (fp^). 

Fluctuate, i.v. hwruu ; koge s. 

Fluctuating', a. gura-gura sum. 

Fluctuation, n. (unsteadiness) 
kimari no nai koto ; (of trade) seisui 
i^M)'' ^^^ndo (Slid); (rising and 
falling) agari-sagari. 

violent s (of prices), rarikoge 


Flue, n. kemuri-dashi ; kemu-dashi. 

Fluency, n. henzetsu (WS) > ryucho 

Fluent, a. ryucho na ; henzetsu no 
yoi ; be7i no sawayaka na ; ben no yoi. 
is not , kuchi-buchoho da. 

Fluently, adv. sura-sura to ; ryucho 

Fluff, n. keba ; (stuffing of a garment 
which has worked its way out) sui- 

Fluffy, a. keba no di. 

Fluid, n. ryMobutsu (WtMW> \ ryildo- 
iai ; ekitai (ijj^l^C). 

Fluid, a. in compounds midzu-. 

Fluke, n. (of an anchor) tsume ; 
(lucky shot) magure-atan. 

Fluor-albus, n. (lighter kind) koshi- 
ke ; taige (^T) ; (graver kind) shira- 

Fluorspar, n. hotaru-ishi. 

Flurried, a. awatadashii. 

to be , aicate-7'u. 

Flurry, n. (panic) robai (SIJJH). 

a of wind, ichijin (— J^) no 


in a , awatadasfiiku. 

Flush, i.T. (redden) akaku naj*u; 
(with shame) kao rco akaku s; 
sekimen (fij^ffi) .<f. 

Flush, t.v. (cause to start up) okosu ; 
(wash) nagasu. 

[! Flush, n. (of sunset) yuyake. 

Flute, n. yokobue ; oteki 

Fluted, a. kuri-gata no', mizo no 

Fluting, n. (groove) mizo. 

Flutter, i.v, biratsuku ; pira-pira s ; 
hirameku ; hira-hira s. 

Flutter, t.v. to the wings, 

ha-bataki, or hane-bataki, wo s. 

Flux, n. (chem.) yozai (?gffl) ; (dysen- 
teric) geketsu (T*jflL). 
Fluxion, n. (of blood to the head) 

nobose ; gyakujo (Mh)> 
Fly, n. (insect) hai ; (length of a flag) 

artificial , ka-bari. 

green , ao-bai. 

horse , abu. 

Fly, t.v. (as a kite) age-ru. 
Fly, i.v. tohu ; (flee) nige-ru ; (abscond) 
toso s ; (of time) tatsu. 

to be sent ing (of a person), 


to about, tobi-7nav:aru. 

to across, tobi-wataru. 

to apart, tobi-hanare-i-u. 

to asunder, tobi-chiru. 

to at, ni/tobi-kakaru ; nijtobi- 


to away, tonde ikw, tobi- 


to back again, tobi-kaeru. 

to in, tohi-komu. 

to open, hane-hiraku. 

to up, tobi-agaru. 

to let , hanasu. 

Fly-hlow, n. haigo. 
Fly-blOAvn, a. haigo no tsuUa. 

to become , n{]haigo ga 

Fly-catcher, n. o-ruri. 

long- tailed , satikocho. 

narcissus , kibitaki. 

robin , ko-tsvbame; mugi- 


Siberian , chigo-mozu. 

small grey , shinui^nozu. 

TLY [_334 ] 

Fly-lisliing', n. kdbari-isuri. 
Fly-flap, n. hai-tataki. 
Fly-liook, n. kabari. 

Flying, a column, yugekitai. 

squadron, yugeki-kantai (^ 

Flying-fish, n. tohi no uo. 

Fly-leaf, n. shirakami ; mikaeshi. 

Fly-trap, n, haitori ; [Japanese also 
siaspend a globe, called a haiyoke, 
from the ceiling to attract flies]. 

Fly-wheel, n. hadzumi-guntma. 

Foal, n. koma. 

Foam, n. atca. 

Foam, i.v. ni]awa ga tatsu. 

to at the mouth, aica rco 

fuku ; (in anger) aica ico tobasxi ; 

(fig., of a vehement speaker) fco- 

kajcu (P^) awa ico tobasu. 

Focus, n. (lit. and fig.) shoten (j^H) 
[lit. burning-point]. 

to be out of , (to right or left 

of a camera) chushin (tfiit') ni 
hadzure-ru ; (too far oflE) td-sxigini. 

Fodder, n. kaiba ; magusa. 
Foe, n. tekl. 

Foetus, n. taiji (ffy^) ; hara-gomori 
no ko. 

Fog, n. (thin) kiri ; (thick) moya ; 
gassu [N. Japan], 
the ...... clears, kb-i ga hanru. 

the comes on, km ga 


the is thick, kiri gafukai. 

Foggy, a. to be , kiri ga iatsu ; 

moya ga ori-ru. 

Fogy, n, inju7ika (Hlf^). 
old , kyfihei-oyaji. 

Foil, t.v. to (another's) plans, 

nojkuicadate ko kowasu. 

Foil, n. (used in Japanese fencing) 
s?iinai : (leaf) haku. 

gold , kimpdlcu^^^). 

tin , svzuhakii. 

Foist, t.v. to off upon, ni 



Fold, n. (in a garment) hida ; (i^lace 
of folding) orime ; (pen) ori ; (times) 

-sobai; as, two , nisobai (:zL^ 

^); three , sanzobai. 

Fold, t.v. oni. 

ed in four, yotsu-ori tio. 

to the arms, te tco kumu ; 

ude-giimi ico s. 

to ...... the hands, te tco aica.'se- 


to up, tatamu. 

to look on with ed hands, 

shiishu-bokican (f^^^lS) s ; sode- 
hokican s. 

Folding, a. ori- . 

bag, ori-kaban. 

book, ori-hon. 

chair, ori-isii. . 

doors, ori-do. 

Foliage, n. ki no ha. 

scarlet , koyo (iftH). 

young , icakaba. 

Folk, n. (one's family) kanai nor 
mono ; (another's) mina .son. 
poor s, himmin (^R). 

Folk-lore, n. mukashi-bana.shi. 

Follow, t.v. ni/.<shUagau ; nojato ni 
tsuku ; ni/tsidte kuru, or iku ; (pur- 
sue) okkake-ru ; (succeed in office) 
njojato tco tsugu ; (a profession) 
itonamu ; ni/juji (tS£^) s ; (as, the 
course of a river) nijsotte iku ; (pro- 
ceed along) -dzutae ni iku ; as, to 

the top of a dike, dote-dzutae 

ni iku. 

to closely (shadow), no/aio 

ICO t.'iuke-7'u. 

to up (a clue), nijtsuite so- 

saku (g^) s. 

to w^ith the eyes, tcolmi- 


Follow, i.v. ato kara kuru. 

as s, sffl (;fe) ?io <ort ; f shimo 

no gotoku. 

Follower, n. (attendant) jils/ta (^Jfe 
^) ; (retainer) kerai ; (disciple) de- 
shi; ?7io?yin (P5A)• 
immediate s (of a politician , 

etc.), jikisan.-iha. 

Following, n. (adherents) ieshita. 


[ 335 ] 


Follo^ving, a. the , (next) sono 

tsuf/i no ; (under-mentioned) sa no. 

the day, sono alairu hi ; 

S07W yokujitsu (S H )• 

Folly, n. hakar/eta koto. 
PoiiK'ilt, t.v. ; taderu ; (fig.) 
.sendo {^^) s ; odate-ru ; senki (j^ 

to disturbances, soran (^ 

gjL) ten senki s. 

Fointmtation, n. (lotion) mushi- 

Fond, a of, -zuki no; as, one 

of liquor, sake-zuki no hilo. 

is very of , ga dai- 

suki da. 

to he of (a thing), wo/ 

konomu ; wo/sitku ; (a person) tco/ 
hxiicairjani, ; ico/choai (||$) s ; 
(when the object is a verbal noun 
in English) expr. by -tagaru suffix- 
ed to indef. form of vb ; as, to be 
of playing, asobi-tagaru. 

Fondle, t.v. (a child) ayasu. 

Fondly, adv. to think of, woj 

natsukashiku omou. 

Font, n. (baptismal) seiseniban (^?Jfe 
ig) ; senreibachi. 
a (of type), hito kumi. 

Fontanelle, n. hiyomeki. 
Food, n. tahemono ; shokumotsu (^ 
4I5) ; Jcuimono; shokuryo [fif^); 
(baby's word) umamma ; (taken with 
one on a journey) hento (|S^) ; (of 
birds, fish, etc.) e ; (of horses) kai ; 
(feeding) sfiokvji (^^). 

charge for , shokwyo (^ 

^) ; charge for and lodg- 
ing, shokuhakiiryo ('^KlP^)- 

European , yoshoku (i^'^). 

and drink, inshokuhutsu (ffr 


Japanese , niJionshoku (0^ 

Fool, n. haka \ gujin (ISlK). 

to make a of, xcojhaka ni a ; 

ico/t/nr'j (,^.#) *•, 

to be made a of, bakani, 

or gtiro, sarerii. 

to make a of one's self, 

fiaji ICO kaku. 

to play the , hyoge-ru; 


you I baka ; baka yaro ; 

aho ; manlike ; tonchiki-me. 
Foolery, n. baka. 
Foolliardy, a. mukd-midzu na ; mu- 
teppo (4tt^5S) «« ; muyami na. 

enterprize, boken-jigyd (g 

Foolish, a. baka na ; bakarashii ; 
tsunuiranai ; kvdaranai ; ahorashii 
[W. Japan] ; (stupid) gu na ; oroka 

argument, guron (igLfft)- 

Foolishness, n. bakageta koto. 

Foolscap, n. •. 

Foot, n. asfd; sokubu (fiSK) [med. 
term] ; (infantry) hoTiei (^^) ; (bot- 
tom) shita ; (of a mollusk) shita{^) ; 
(of a hill) fumoto ; (of a bed) ashi- 

moto; (measure) shaku; [1 , 

isshaku ; 3 feet, sanjaku ; 8 feet, 
liasslmku; 10 feet, j'uisfiaku ; ichijo 

(—it); 1 square , isshaku- 

shiho (— RHj^)]. 

close to the feet, ashimoto ni. 

muddy feet, doro-ashi ; dosoku 


on , aruite; kachi de; (of a 

superior) o hiroi de. 

your feet, mi ashi. 

Football, n. * ; (Japanese) kemari. 
to play , 7nari ico ke-ru. 

Footbath, n. (vassel) sensoku-darai ; 
(washing the feet) .<iensoku (gfc>S). 

Foot-bellows, n. tatara. 

Foot-binding-, n, (Chin, custom) 
tensoku (8I>E). 

Footboard, n. (as, of a railway car- 
riage) a-thi-bumi. 

Footbridge, n. ichimai-bashi ; 
(made of a log) maruki-bashi. 

Footed, a. ashi no tsuUn. 

four , yotsxt-fishi no; four 

animals, shisokujtl (ElffiW). 

Footgear, n. haki-mono. 

charge for keeping (at a 

theatre, etc.), gesokuchin ("FfiJO- 

man in charge of , gesoku- 

ban (T fits). 


[ 336 ] 


•Foothold, n. ashi-gakari. 
Footing", n. ashi-gakari; ashi- 
damari ; (point d'apptu) rikkyakuchi 
(S:||ft); (statns) shikaku (ff*|) ; 
chii (flI'Ht) ; (relation between per- 
sons) aida-gara ; (basis) kiso (^#). 

on the same , doyo ([^^) 

ni ; doto (I^^) ni. 

peace , heiji-hensei (^^HJlJ). 

war , senji-hensei (ll|^|i$ij). 

to lose one's , ashi ico fumi' 

hadzusu, or hadzusu ; fiimi-hadzure- 


to place on a of equality, 

doto no kiso ni oku. 

Footiuau, n. toritsugi ; (of a dai- 
myo's household) chugen (tf"!^) ; ko- 

Footmark, n. ashi-ato. 

Footnote, n. (the Japanese eqtiiv. 
at top of page) goto (Sg|S) ; (expla- 
natory of a diagram, etc.) bilco (^#). 

Foot-pace, n. at a , nami-ashi 

de ; aruite ; (of a horse) jimichi de. 

Footpad, n. oihagi ; hyoto (gljffi). 

Foot-passenger, n. tsukonin (^fj 

Footpath, n. hoso-michi ; kachi- 

miehi ; (trottoir)jt)ido (AsS). 

Footprint, n. ashi-ato. 

Footriile, n. mono-sashi ; kane-zashi. 

Footsore, a. to be , wa]ashi ga 


Footstalk, n.jiku (fj). 

Footstep, n. noise of a, ashi- 


I bear s, ashi-oio ga s. - 

Footstool, n. ashi-kake ; (to stand 
on for reaching something) fumi-dai ; 
ashi-dai ; ashi-tsugi. 

Foot-warnier, n. (containing hot 
■water) yutampo ; ashi-aburi ; (con- 
taining charcoal) ashi-dburi ; kyaku- 

ro mm)- 

Fop, n. sliaremono ; datesha. 

For, prep, (with vbs. of using) ni ; 
(with vbs. of exchanging) to ; to hiki- 
Icae n'l ; (in proportion to) no wari 
7u ; (in order to fetch) wo tori ni ', (to 

be given to) e yarn ; (bound for) 

yuki no ; e iku ; as, letters 

America, Amerika-ynki ■no yiibin ; 
(during) no aida ; -kan ; often tm- 
translated ; (in place of) no kaicari 
ni ; (for the benefit of) no tame ni ; 
(price at which) de ; (considered as) 

ni shite ua; as, a Japanese he 

is tall, Xihonjin ni shite ica sei ga 
iakai ; (in case of) ni toite tea ; as, 

hina it is a large sum, are ni 

totte ica iaihen na kane da; is 

freq. rendered by no ; as, those 

the motion, sansei no mono ; 

medicine 10 days, ioka-bttri 

no kusuri ; a cheque 1 00 yen, 

hyakuyen no kogiite ; (sufficient for) 

mae; as, rice 5 men, ineshi 

gonin-mae ; in such sentences as 

buy it me, katte kudasai, etc., 

the prep, is expr. by some vb. signi- 
fying " to give " ; a.s, I will cut it 

you, kitte ogeyo; I wrote it 

him, kaite yatia. 

as me I don't care, 

icatakushi \ca kamaimasenu. 

example, tatoeba. 

fear his money should be 

stolen, kane wo torareru to ikenai 

to omotte. 

the sake of, no tame ni. 

want of money, kane ni 


had it not been , denake- 


once all, mo kore -jiri de. 

For, conj. naze naraha ; nan to iu ni ; 
jianto nareba [at beg. of sentence] ; 
kara [at end of preceding clause]. 

Forage, n. kaiba. 

Forage, i.v. hyoro (^^) wo atsume- 

Foraging party, chdhatsutai (^ 

Forbear, i.v. yoshi, or yame, ni s ; 

Forbearance, n. kamben (gfiP) ; 

kannin (gfi^,). 

to show for, tcojkannin s. 

Forbearing, a. kannin-dzuyoi ; 



[ 337 ] roE 

Forbeariiigly, adv. kannin-dzuyo- 
ku ; kainben-dzujjoku. 

Forbid, t.v. k'mji-ru ; kinsei (^$lj) s. 
to be den, jcinjiie ai-u ; kin- 
sei ni natte oru. 

to one the house, ni/de-iri 

wo tome-ru. 

Forbidden, a. kinjita ; kinsei no. 

article (of diet, etc. under 

doctor's orders), tachitnono ; (by 
law) kinseihin (^%\]na)- 

Forbidding', a. (of manner) slmku 
ni saicaru ; iyarashii ; (of weather) 
iya na. 

having a look (of persons), 

kenso (P^tH) no warui. 

Force, n. chikara ; ikioi ; (physics) 

-ryoku ; as, centrifugal , en- 

shinryoku (^it^^) ', (troops) guntai 
(^1k) ; (ntunber of troops) ninzu. 

by , mv.ri 7ii ; ude-dzuku de ; 

chikara-dzuku de. 

by the of circumstances, 

kyogu (J^JS) yamu wo edzu ; 

.shizen (^^>i) no kekkwa (^^) de. 

expeditionary , enseitai (^ 

Um) ; kengun (Bm- 

of a fire, hi-no-te ; kwasei (^ 


in (numbers), ozei (iz§^) de ; 

the codes now in , genko 

(^afif) no hoten (^ft). 

irresistible , hachiku (lS4t) 

no ikioi. 

large (mil.), taihei {i<c^); 


military , heiryoku {^-fy). 

physical , wanryoku (^ij). 

reconnaissance in , kyoke- 

teisatsu (jS^ff^l^)- 

the combined s, rengogun 

to be in great , sakan na 

ikioi de am. 

to be of no , yd ni tatanu ; 

(void) muko (4*^) de aru. 

to put in (a law), a/iifco (j!|fi 

fx) * » okonau. 

to resort to , wanryoku ni 


to turn out in full (as of 

the police), so-dc wo 8. 

to use , (violence) te-arai koto 

wo s ; wanryoku. wo mochii-ru ; 
(strength) chikara tco ire-ru. 

Force, t.v. muri ni, or shiite, foil, by 
the causative vb. ; (a lock) koji-ake- 
ru ; nyi-kiru ; (rape) gokan (5®?Si) «• 

to be d, shiirare-ru. 

to be ...... d to do, yamu ico edzu s. 

to apart, oshi-hanasu. 

to a quarrel upon, ni/ken- 

kwa wo shikake-ru, orfukkake-ni. 

to back, oshi-kaesu. 

to down, oshi-tsuke-i-u ; osae- 


to in, oshi-komu. 

to one's way into, ni/oshi- 

komu ; ni/oshi-iru ; (as a crowd) e/ 


to one's way out, oshite de- 


to open, oshi-ake-ru; oshi- 

hiraku ; oshi-^almni. 

to out, oshi-dasu. 

to upon one, oshi-tsuke-ru ; 

(wine, etc.) shiiru. 

Forced, a. by marches, fci/w- 

kogun (^^f^) de. 

draught, kyoatsu-tsufu (5>| 

labour, (corvee) fueki (^ 

^) ; (under feudal system) fcayafcu 
(JDn^^) ; Icumku (S^). 
laugh, .sora-icarai. 

Forceps, n. nuki ; (dentist's) ha- 

Force-pump, n. assui-pompu (ig^ 

Forcible, a. tedzuyoi ; (cogent) teki- 
setsu (MW na. 

entry (trespass on a house), 

kaiaku-shinnyfc (^^^A)- 

execution (of judgment 

against goods), goseishikko (^{1] 

Forcibly, adv. (against onother^u 
will) muri ni', shiite; oshite; (using 
force) chikara-dzuku de; chikara wo 

Forcing, n. (of a t>osition) tokktcan 


Ford, n. watarirba. 


[ 338 ] 


Ford, t.T. kachi-icataru ; kachi de too- 

Fordable, a. kachi de watareru. 

Forearm, n. ude ; ni no vde. 

inner bone of the (ulna), se- 

kikotsu (R%). 

outer bone of the (radius), 

kokotsu (:^#). 
Forebode, t.v. Tvo/mikoshi wo tsvke- 

Forebodingr, n. mae-jirase. 

to have a that, tolmushi 

ga shirase-ru. 
Forecast, n. yoso {WS) ; yo<ej (^ 

weather , tenki-yoho {^M, 


Forecast, t.v. yoki (1^^) s; mae- 
motte hakaru. 

Forecastle, n. zen-kampan (flfl^^). 
Foreclose, t.v. teito-nagare ni s. 
to be d, nagare-ru. 

Foredeck, n. zen-kampan (85 ff^). 
Forefather, n. senzo (:5feM) ; sosen 

(lfl.:Jfe) ; (ot Emperor) soso (ffi^). 
Foreftuger, n. hito-sashi-yuhi. 
Forefoot, n. mae-ashi. 

Forefront, n. in the of, no 

massaki ni. 

Forego, t.v. (give up an intention) 
mi-aicasu ; mi-aicase-ru ', (renounce a 
right) hoki (ttjg) s. 

Foregoing, a. migi no ; mae no ; ijo 
(&,±) >M). 
the paragraph, zenko (Ijri ). 

Foregone, a. a conclusion, 

mae kara wakari-^citta koto ; yaku- 
soku (j^;^) no kekkwa (^^). 
Foreground, n. zenkei (flff^). 
Forehead, n. hUai ; zenkaku (fltflS)- 
Foreign, a. gwaikoku no ; achira no ; 
(produced abroad) gwaikokusan (^ 
MM) »w ; (European) seiyo (^^) rio; 
in comp. gwai-; yo- ; as, clo- 
thes, yofuku (#flR); (not appro- 
priate) fiitekito {y^^"^) na. 

a country, yoso no kuni; ta- 

koku (1t&9). 

a meaning to the word, 

sono kotoba ni en (^) no nai Iml. 

domestic and , naigimi (^ 

^f«) no. 

affairs, gicaimu (^K^) '■> min- 
ister for affairs, gicaimu- 

daijin (^h!^:A:E?.). 

civilization, gwairai (9['M) 

no biimmei OSCV^). 

countries, gwaikoku. 

goods, hakuraUmi (^^MSi) '* 


goods dealer, tdhutsuya (^ 


matter, gwairaibut.tu (^h5l5 


newspax>er (European), ojl- 

shimbun (gJc^^rM)- 

Office, gwaimusho (^^^). 

policy, gvoaiko-seiryaku (Jt* 

ports, kaigwai-shoko (f^^HJ 


possessions, kaigwai-rydchi 

representative, gicaikoku- 

koshi ; the representatives, 

kakkoku-koshi (#^S^f^). 

writing (European), obun (^ 

3St) ; yokomoji. 

in style, seiyqfii (^y:^^) no. 

of make, gicaikoku-deki no; 

gwaikokusei (^h^^) '*''• 

ship of build, seiyogata-sen. 

this is quite to my inten- 
tion, kore vca maru de watakushi 
no mokuromi ni kwankei ga nai. 

Foreign-bred, a. gwaikokusan no. 

Foreign-built, a. (in foreign style) 
seiyo-tsukuri no. 

Foreigner, n. gwaikokujin (^hP A); 
gwaijin ; [ijin (^^ A. or ^A) and to- 
jin (ISA) which are also used are 
objectionable] ; (European) seiydjin 

Foreign-owned, a. gwaikokvjin- 
shoyu (f/l^mAfJi^) no. 

Forejudge, t.v. okudan (f^^) s; 

Foreknow, t.v. mae-motte shim ; yo-- 
Chi (BR*n) s. 

Foreleg, n. mae-ashi. 


[ 339 ] 


Forelock, n. mae-gami. 

one must take time by the 

, kokikwai (^Wt^) ^o noga- 

shite tea ikenai. 

Foreman, n. (of coolies, etc.) oya- 
kata ; tori-shimari ', (in a factory) kan- 
toku (Si^) ; (of firemen, etc.) todori ; 
kogashira ; kashira. 
carpenter, toryo V^Vk)- 

Foremast, n. mae-bashira ; omote- 

Foremost, a. ichiban (— S) saki 
no ; massaJci no ; hana no. 

head , atama massaki ni; 

atama wo saki ni shite; (falling) 
atama wo shita ni shite. 

Forenoon,, n. hirumae ; gozen (^IJf). 

Forensic, a medicine, saiban- 

vjaku (^^JBf^). 

Foreordain, t.v. mae-^motte sadame- 

ed, mae kara sadamatta. 

Forepart, n. omote no ho; mae no ?io; 

zem'ni (fjifgR). 
Forerunner, n. saki-bure; mae- ; (prc^nostic) zempo (13^). 

Foresail, n. miyoshi no ho; (trian- 
gular) kirimochi-bo. 

Foresee, t.v. mi-tosu; (expect) mi- 
kosu ; yoki (|R^) s. 

Foreshore, n. kaigan (^^). 

reclamation of the , kaimen- 

(j'^lf) -umetate. 

rights, zengaiiken (t?^|8). 

Foresig'ht, n, (prescience) senken 
(ifeU); mi-(oshi; mi-koshi; (care for 
the fixture) yojin (^^t•>). 

Foreskin, n. inkyo (^^) no sakiga- 
ica ; hdhi (^^). 

Forest, n. hayashi; sanrin; shinrin 

fire, yama-kicaji. 

ofl&cer, rimmukwan (^^jfe") ; 

sanrinkican (\1\WS)- 

reserved , hogorin ($^S|;jifc). 

state , kwanrin C^^). 

woods and a, sanrin. 

Forest-land, n. rinchi (^tji). 

Forestall, t.v. dasU-nuku; no/sen 
(:Jfe) wo kosu. 
to the market, kai-shime-ru. 

Forestry, n. (science of) ringaku 
(W^) ; (practical) ringyo (^H). 
bureau, sanrinkyokxi (\U^i 

law, shinrinho (^tt^^). 

Foretaste, n. to serve as a 

of, nojtehon ni nam. 

Foretell, t.v. mae-motie iu ; mae-motte 
shirase-ru ; yogen (|RW) s. 

Forethought, n. yojin (ffl»C»). 
without , karu-hadzumi ni. 

Forewarn, t.v, nilmae-motte kototca- 

Forewoman, n. (in a factory) sewa- 

Forefeit, n. he paid the of 

his life for murdering a man, 

hito wo koroshita mukui de inocki 
wo torareta. 

Forfeit, t.v. wojtori-agerare-ru ; tora- 
re-ru ; ushinau. 

to be ed (as an article in 

pawn), nagare-ru. 
Forfeiture, n. (of things) hosshii 

(i2J&) ; (of a right) soshitsu (Jg*). 
Forge, n. kajiba. 

shoeing , teitetsujo (gt|K^). 

Forge, t.v. (metal) kitae-ru ; (imitate) 
nise-ru ; (legal term) gizo (©j^) s [Cr. 
Co., Civ. Pro.]. 

Forge, i.v. to ahead, dandan 

saki e deru. 

Forged, a. gizo no. 
bill, gizo-tegata. 

Forger, n. gizosha (ffSiS*) [Com. 

Co.]; (of a seal) bohnunin (IK^JA)- 
Forgery, n. (act) gizo ; (offence) </iz5- 

zal; (thing forged) gibutsu (ffi?^; 

nisemono ; (document) bosho (f|t^) ; 

(seal) bohan. 
of a private seal, shiin-gizo- 

zai iu^nm^)- 

of oflftcial documents,. 

kwamOxmsho-gizozai ('a'X^ffSiSL 


[ 340 ] 


Forget, t.v. tcasure-m ; shitsunen (^ 
;tt) s ; bokyaku (;g\tp) s. 
are you sure you have not 
forgotten anytmng: ? o icasure- 
mono ica gozaimasen ka. 
I had quite forgotten you 
(apologetically), o mi-sore imshima- 

to for the moment, do-ica- 

sure ICO s. 

to the countenance of, uo/ 


to to, no wo wasure-ru follow- 
ing vb. 
to to get up, ne-icasure-ru. 

Forgretful, a. uasureppoi; tcasure- 
gachi na ; (of what one studies) oboe 
no tcarul. 

to be , yoku viasure-ru. 

Forgetfuliiess, n. equiv. of For- 
getful foU. by koto ; shitsunen ; (due 
to failing facnlties) mono-wasure ; 
kemho (f$;g;). 

Forget-me-not, n. rurisd. 

Forgive, t.v. yitnisu ; kamben (WlW 
s; kannin (gUS) «; yosha (#|i) s. 

me, (jomen kudasai; kav^jen 

shite kudasai. 

me for saying so, but , 

shitsurei {^i^) nagara . 

to an enemy, ada tco kam- 
ben shite yarn. 

Forgiveness, n. yurushi ; kamben ; 
kanniii ; ywnen (^^). 

Forgiving, a. nasake-bukai ; jihi- 

Fork, n. (anything furcate) mata; 
(for eating with) * ; hoko ; niku-sashi ; 
(pLace where a river branches) mitsu- 
mata ; (branch of a river) eda-nagare ; 
shiryu (3tit). 

Forked, &.futamata no. 

stick, sammata. 

tongue, saketa shita. 

Forlorn, a. {vnth none to help) tayo- 
ri-nai; (feelilig deserted) kokoro-bo- 

Forin, n. (shape) katachi ; sugata ; 
kakko (t&4f ) ; keiyo (J^^) ; keijo (^ 
)i^) ; (mould) kata ; (for boots) kiga- 
ta ; (style) teisai ; (gram.) hatarakl ; 
keitai (?^^) ; (manner of drawing 
up a document) hoshiki (^^) ; ka- 
kiyb ; shoshiki (§^) ; yoshiki (^^) ; 
(blank ) yoshi (fl^lS) ; as tele- 
graph , dempo-yoshi ; (of proce- 
dure) hoshiki ', (print.) han ; (bench) 
shogi (f^^) ; (class, of a school) a.n. 

kyu m- 

bad ^fuieisai (Tlit^l^). 

empty s, kyorei (gjg). 

for 's sake, nen (;§:) no tame. 

of an oath, senseishiki (^^ 


of government, seitai {^^). 

s and ceremonies, reishiki 

in due , seishiki (iEiC) ni; 

seito (lE^) ni; in good and due 
(of credentials), rydko-dato (5 

it is a mere , shiki dake no 

koto da. 

the act is not invalidated by 

an error of , jdtai (UM) ica 

futsugo ga atie mo koi (ff@) wa 
muko (*tt^) ni naranu. 

to be in good , jokigen (_h^ 

jjH) de ant. 

Form, t.v. (construct) tsukuru ; koshi- 
rae-ru ; (train) shikomu ; (set up) ta- 
te-ru ; setsuritsu (HxJi) ■"' ; (organize, 
as a Ministry) soshiki (^|S1|) s ; (as, a 
corps of troops) hensei (HJlJ) s ; 
(gram.) saktisei (f^JS?) s ; (constitute) 
ni natte oru. 

forfirs I yoretsu (H^iJ) ni ica- 


to be ed of, yori/nari-tatsu. 

to an opinion, ua]kangae 

ga tsuku ; mikomi tco tateru, or 

to square, hnjin [^lf$.) ico 


Form, i.v. (grow) dekife kuru ; (as, 
ice) haru. 

to in extended order, san- 

kai i^m) s. 

to up (in ranks), retsu ico ku- 



[ 341 ] 


Formal, a. (stifiE) katakkurushii; 
(done in clue form) seishiki (iE5^) 'lo; 
honshiki (5{C5^) no ; (merely external) 
rj'ish'iki-teki (f|5l^(Hl) »o; hyomen-teki 
{MWi''i)no; keishiki-jo (ff^_5t-h) no; 
kyorei-ieki no ; keishUci-teki (^^i^) 

a enquiry, genkaku (^t&) 

no tori-shirabe. 

to be , gishiki-bani. 

Formalism, n. kyorei (0^). 

Formality, n. (ceremony) gishiki; 
(due form) honshiki ; (form of proce- 
dure) hoshiki (:Jj5^) [Civ. Co.]. 

ies, ietsudzuki. 

to dispense with, ies, tetsu- 

dzuki wo ryaku (^) s. 

to go through the proper 

ies, seito (iE^) no tetsudzuki wo 

he-ru, or fumu. 

without , gishiki wo ryalcu 


Formally, adv. (stiffly) katakkuru- 
shiku ; (in due form) honshiki ni ; 
seishiki ni ; (not casually) genkaku 

Formation, n. (way of making) tsu- 
kuri-kata ; (mil.) hensei (jffi^lj) ; taAkei 
(Sk)15) ; -f"^ ; (nav.)jinfcei (^j^) ; -jm ; 

as, single column , tanretsu- 

ji'ijin (V]L$\y^^) ; (establishment) se- 
tsnritsu (^i.) ; (organization) soshi- 
ki (MiM) ; (shape, construction) kozo 

close , misshu-taikei (^JgraK 


Former, a. sen no; izen (&,M) no. 

wife, semai (:5fe^). 

the (as opp. to the latter), 

zensha (M#)- 

Formerly, adv. izen ni ; moto (loa) ; 
(anciently) 7nukashi, 

in the same way as , moto 

no ioH ni. 

Formic acid, gisan (iMSJt). 

Formidable, a. tsuyoi ; osoru-heki ; 
(of a task) konnan (H$^) na. 

Formosa, n. Taiican {fSHi). 

Formosail, n. Taiwanjin. 

Formula, n. kimari; Jioshiki {')j i^); 

joshiki (SilJ) ; joho (^}fe) ; jogi (^ 

tK) ; (med.) shoho {&'^) ; (mech., etc.) 

koshiki [^^) ; in comp. -shiki. 

of an oath, senseishiki (sUS: 

Formulary, n. slwshikibon (#5^3!^:). 

Formulate, t.v. to a propo- 
sal, seishiki (JEiKi) ni teigi ({§!§) «• 

Fornication, n. shitsu (SJS) ; mit- 

tsft i^m)- 
Forsake, t.v. sute-ru ; mi-sute-ru. 
Forsooth, adv. jitsu (g) ni. 

Forswear, t.v. danjite yos