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Author of "A Practical Malay Grammar," 
"Malay English Vocabulary" etc. 

All Rights Reserved 


Printed and Published by the Methodist Publishing House, 


The accomplisliment of the author's original intention, which was to 
produce an English-Malay Vocabulary containing some three or four 
thousand words, has been so long deferred through pressure of other literary 
i\'ork, that it has been thought better to abandon it altogether, especially 
in view of the fact that other vocabularies have appeared meanwhile which 
•supply the need for a limited word list. The scope of the original work 
•has therefore been greatly extended, with the object of producing not a 
mere Vocabulary but a Dictionary which would be as complete as possible. 

An intimate acquaintance with Favre's French-Malay and with Klin- 
kert's Dutch-Malay dictionaries, and tlie constant use of these valuable 
■works during a period of many years, has enabled the author to profit by 
the experience gained by these writers, and it is hoped that all the essential 
information contained in these more voluminous works will be found in 
this volume in a more convenient and accessible form. 

Subsidiary Exglisii Meaxixgs. 

The great defect of many dictionaries of Oriental languages is that 
in looking up an English word one finds a long list of unfamiliar equi- 
valents, without any indication as to the precise shade of meaning which 
is to be given to each. The English student is therefore quite at a loss 
as to which word he should select ; and similarly the Oriental student who 
is seeking the precise meaning of an English word finds so many almost 
synonymous equivalents in his own language that he is very little the 
wiser for his search. In order to obviate this difficulty as far as possible, 
we have followed the plan of the best English-French and English-German 
dictionaries, giving a number of English meanings wherever necessary for 
each English word, and arranging the Malay equivalents under these 
various headings. These English meanings have been taken in the main 
from Webster's International Unabridged Dictionary, and in the same order 
as they are found there, so Avhenever the student finds any ambiguity in 
these meanings he should refer to Webster's dictionary. The typographic 
arrangement of Eoman and Italic letters, and the placing of the subsidiary 
English meanings in parentheses, has been designed so that the particular 
meaning of the word of which the student is in search will readily meet 
the eye, and thus the necessity for reading through a whole column of 
meanings (such as will be found, for instance, in Klinkert's dictionary) 
will be a^■oided, thereby saving nnich time. 

Proxuxciatioxs of Exglisii Words. 

Anotlier feature which we believe is rather unusual in dictionaries 
of Oriental languages is that for the sake of Asiatic students we have 
given the pronunciation of every English word. These pronunciat;ion8 



are based for the most part on Webster, but we have been careful to follo\r 
the English usage rather than the American, and for this purpose have 
consulted three or four other English dictionaries. This feature has added 
enormousl}' to the labour of the final preparation of the work, and i& 
responsible for some delay, but we believe that it will be greatly appre- 
ciated b}' Malay students and Malay-speaking Chinese. 

Dialectic Differences ix Malay. 

The Malay language is so widespread, and is spoken by such a variety 
of different races (Malays proper, Javanese, Sundanese, Achinese, 
Siamese, and Chinese) that the differences of dialect are very considerable. 
The Malay spoken on the three great islands of Borneo, Java and Sumatra 
is not by any means the same. There are variations in different parts of 
these islands, and along the coast of the Peninsula, the East Coast especial- 
ly differing from the West. But for the purpose of the English student 
of Malay or of tlie Malay student of English it is not at all necessary to- 
consider all the differences of dialect. For practical purposes there are- 
four main divisions of the Malay language. The first of these is the- 
pure Malay, which is spoken in Malacca and Johore and the opposite coast 
of Sumatra (Siak, Indragiri and Jambi) and is known to the Dutch as 
the Eiouw-Lingga Malay. This is the language of Malay literature, and 
is understood by educated Malays everywhere. Secondly should be placed 
the Malay spoken in the north of the Peninsula, w^hich may be called Perak 
or Penang Malay, and in which Kedah influences appear to predominate. 
Thirdly tliere is the Malay spoken by the Babas or Straits-born Chinese, 
which is a very distinct dialect, and is of great importance in a work of 
this kind, owing to the fact that the Babas nearly all speak English "as 
well as Malay, and that perhaps the majority of Europeans come in touch 
with them and learn Malay from them rather than from the Malays. And 
fourthly we have considered the* Malay spoken in the Netherlands Indies- 
as a separate dialect, and by this we mean not the so-called Batavia Malay, 
which contains a very large proportion of Sundanese words, but the Malay 
spoken in places so widely separated as Banjcrmasin, Pontianak, Palem- 
bang and Medan, whicli approximates more nearly to the pure Malay, and 
as compared with the Malay of Java contains only a small admixture of 
Javanese and Dutch words. For the benefit of Englishmen and Americans; 
living in the Dutch Indies, and for the increasing number of Chinese who* 
through the schools of the Tiong Hoa Iloe Koan are learning English, 
we have given a large number of the words whicli are in general use through- 
out Netherlands India. 

Help Received with the Dialects. 

The author has been very fortunate in being able to obtain valuable- 
assistance in regard to all these dialectic differences. The first draft of 
this dictionary from A to L was made in collaboration with a Perak Malay, 
Mr. Masohor"bin Kulop Endut, and the remainder with a Riouw Malay, 
Said Abdu'r-rahman. The latter has assisted with the final revision of 
the whole work, and having living for some years in Palembang, was of 


great assistance in regard to the Netherlands Indies words. A great 
deal of help in regard to such words was also received from Mr. E. A. 
Van Wulven, who worked with the author all through the preparation of 
the first draft, turning up words in the Dutch and French dictionaries, 
and thus rapidly placing these sources of information at his disposal. 
Many valuable suggestions in regard to words used in the Dutch Indies 
have also been received from Mr. Goh Leng Inn, a Banjermasin Chinese, 
and in regard to Perak and Penang words, from Mohamed Said bin 
Mahomed Hussain, of Alor Star, Kedah, and from Mr. G, M. Laidlaw, of 
the Civil Service, who for many years was stationed in Perak, and from 
Mr. Hellier of the Education Department, who read the proof sheets with, 
his visiting teacher, Haji Osman, of Province Wellesley. It is to be 
regretted that pressure of time prevented the author from making use of 
a great number of Penang words suggested by Guru Abdu '1-aziz, a Penang 
man, who is a visiting teacher in Singapore. These valuable suggestions 
have been filed for use in a future edition, if such be required. Haji 
Mohamed Said, Secretary to the Sultan of Johore, has also read the proof 
sheets and made many helpful corrections and additions. All the work 
connected with the Baba dialect was done by Mr. Chew Cheng Yong, who 
translated the Baba version of the New Testament in collaboration with 
the author, and further help in regard to Baba words has been given by 
Mr. Goh Hood Keng, by Mrs. Chew Cheng Yong, and by the linotype 
operator who set the dictionary, Mr. Tan Keng Watt, who is himself a 

Malay Eoot Forms Used. 

In every Malay-English dictionary the Malay words are of necessity 
to be found only in their root forms, derived forms being grouped under 
the root heading. Similarly it has appeared to the author to be best 
in this English-Malay dictionary to give the Malay equivalents for the 
most part in the root form only. This is contrary to the plan adopted by 
Favre and by Klinkert, who under "couper^' and "snijden,^' for example, 
give memotorg, mergerat, memerggal, etc., and Klinkert feels it necessary 
to add (van potorg) (van kerat) (van perggal). It seems much simpler 
to give only the root, and to trust to the intelligence of the student to 
give the proper derived form when using the word. The author has made 
this innovation in spite of the fact that a Malay will give the words every 
time in the forms nimotorg, mrgrat, etc., rather than in the root form. 
For the proper use of the prefix m, and other derived forms, the student 
is referred to the author's Practical Malay Grammar. 


It is customary in Oriental dictionaries to give derivations, and in a 
dictionary of Malay words the derivations are of unusual value, owing to 
the language containing such a large proportion of foreign words. In an 
English-Malay dictionary, however, the real importance of knowing the 
derivation of a word is merely to give an indication as to whether the word 
is likely to be known by the class of person to whom one is speaking or to 


whom one is writing. Thus words of Portuguese, English and Dutch 
origin are not much known except in the great centres of population, and 
Arabic words are for the most part only known to Mohammedans, and 
many of them only to those Malays who have some knowledge of Moslem 
literature. Some Arabic and Sanskrit words have, however, become so 
thoroughly incorporated in the Malay language by long usage that they 
are universally known, and are no longer to be considered as forieign words. 
In this work the derivation of such words is not given, as for instance, 
smoa, fihir, umor, hacha, etc. As regard Arabic, Sanskrit, Persian and 
Hindustani words, it has been thought convenient to omit the derivation 
from those words which are current to such an extent as to be known to 
the Baba Chinese. 

The Baba-Malay Dialect. 

The importance of this dialect, as being the business language of the 
Straits Settlements — the medium of communication of the Chinese mer- 
chants and shopkeepers with the Europeans on the one hand, and the 
Malays on the other, seems to justify the attention which is given to it in 
this work. Words and phrases which are not used by the Babas, and 
would be unfamiliar to them, and perhaps hardly understood, are marked 
with an asterisk [*], and those which are peculiar to them, being corrup- 
tions of the pure Malay or actually Chinese words, are marked (B). By 
this plan it is hoped to accomplish two purposes — (1) to make the 
dictionary useful to the Babas, and thereby introduce them to many Malay 
words which they do not know, and which would greatly enrich their 
vocabulary, and (2) to indicate to European students of Malay those words 
which are most commonly used in the colloquial language of the Settle- 
ments, which we think will be a great assistance to the vast majority bf 
those who come to these lands, and have no ambition to make a thorough 
study of the language as spoken by the Malays. A dissertation on the 
subject of " Baba Malay " will be found in the Appendix. 

Chinese "Loan" Words. 

A considerable number of Chinese words have become thoroughly in- 
corporated in the Malay language, and are well known to the Malays. 
Perhaps the most familiar are chat, chenterg, horgsi, locherg, loterg, sampan 
and siryJcek, certain terms connected with gambling, and words used by 
Chinese doctors, such as sergse, m.ek, po'ho, koyoJc, etc. The Chinese words 
used by the Babas form a far larger class, and a great number of these 
have not found a place in this dictionary, for where there is a Malay 
equivalent in common use among the Babas we have not thought it neces- 
sary to always give the Chinese word. Moreover the Babas use an immense 
number of Chinese words in connection with their marriage and other 
ceremonials, which we have not yet had an opportunity to collect. In 
order to make these loan words accessible to the student of Chinese, we 
have added in most cases the correct Chinese spelling with the tonal marks 
as they will be found in Douglas' Dictionary of the Amoy Colloquial, with- 
out which it would be exceedingly difficult to recognise them. It should 


be remarked that it would appear that nearly all the Chinese words which 
have come into the Malay language are from the so-called Hok-kien or 
Amoy dialect, and many of them have the Chang-chew sounds, so that the 
connection between the Baba pronunciation and the real Amoy sound as 
given by Douglas is not always evident to a person unfamiliar with the 
peculiarities of the Chinese dialects. For instance boeh is from the Chang- 
chew hoeh, and not from the Amoy heh; and paksui is from the Chang- 
chew phah-sui'^, which looks quite different to the Amoy phah-srg, though 
it is really the same. Similarly one would hardly guess that the word 
cliiau for oar could come from the Amoy cliiu^ if one were not acquainted 
with the Chang-chew sound, and it is not easy to recognise mrg-li in the 
Baba word muili. 

Arabic Words. 

To find an Arabic derivation from the sound of the word as it is 
pronounced by a Malay is almost as difficult as to discover the Chinese. 
This difficulty arises from the fact that the Arabic has two h's, and two 
t's, which the Malay pronounces just alike, and he makes very little if any 
distinction between h, q and kh, and between stn^ shin, sad and thd, all of 
which he sounds like our letter s. Consequently one often does not know 
where to look for a word in either a Malay or an Arabic dictionary. More- 
over many Arabic words are utterly mispronounced by Malays, having 
apparently been picked up from the spelling rather than the sound; thus 
to the average Malay who does not know Arabic wahyu becomes tvahi, and 
fatica has become ptua, the letter z is often changed to j, and where the 
accent in Arabic falls on the last syllable it is almost always changed to 
the penultimate, as in the very common words jawab and hitah, which in 
Arabic are jaicab and kitah. Hence in order to assist the student who 
desires to know the correct form of the Arabic words, and at the same 
time to avoid the use of letters with dots under them, we have adopted a 
system of spelling found in Faris' Arabic Grammar, using small capitals h, t 
for the Arabic hd, td and sad, and q for kaf, the other Arabic letters being 
represented in the usual way by th for tlid, kh for khd, dz for dzdl, z for 
zd, sh for shin, dl for dldd, tl for tld, and gh for ghain. Much of the 
dictionary was already in type before this arrangement was decided upon, 
and the necessary changes could not always be made, but as far as possible 
the Arabic spelling has been given wherever the difference from the Malay 
spelling is such as to make it difficult to find the word in a dictionary. 
Generally the Arabic form is not given more than once in a group of 
English words of similar meaning, so if not found under any particular 
word it should be looked for under similar English words on the same 

Persian and Hindustani Words. 

A considerable number of Persian words are to be found in the Malay 
language. Probably all of these have come to us through the Hindustani. 
Mr. Ishwar Das, the District Court interpreter, Singapore, was kind enough 
to give me some information in regard to a few words, and to lend me his 


copy of Forbes' dictionary, with the aid of which I have been able to trace 
several words to their original source. Further investigation along this 
line would certainly yield very interesting results. It seems quite possible 
that many Arabic words have also come to us through Hindustani. For 
instance, Forbes tells us that the Arabic word iiuqqah signifies a casket 
or box, and only in India does it have the meaning "pipe," from which 
the Malays get their word ogah. It is remarkable that the Arabic letter 
^ very frequently becomes g in Malay. I am told that this is the pronun- 
ciation in Hadramaut, whence most of the Arabs in this part of the world 
have come. 

Dutch and Netherlands Indies Words. 

Most of the words used exclusively in the Netherlands Indies, which 
in this work are marked (N.I.), are of Javanese origin, but a number of 
them are from the Dutch, sometimes in a very much corrupted form. As 
far as possible the correct Dutch spelling of such words has been given, 
which will be appreciated by English and Americans living in Netherlands 
India, and also by many of the English-speaking Chinese. When a word 
is simply marked (D.) without the (N.I.), it may be taken that it is 
generally knovra by Malays and Babas in the British possessions also. 
Some words, marked (D.) are really French, but have come into Malay 
through the Dutch, and the fact that such words are in most cases pro- 
nounced by the Dutch people with the French accent will account for the 
form in which they appear in Malay ; thus " gage " becomes gaji, " loge '"^ 
becomes losi, and " sergeant " is the Malay sersan. For many of the Dutch 
derivations I am indebted to Mr. van Wulven. In most cases where I 
have been in doubt in regard to any Dutch word I have referred the 
matter to him, but it is quite possible that some errors may have crept 
in for which he is not to be held responsible. 

Nautical Terms. 

Great pains has been taken to obtain the most complete and accurate 
renderings of nautical terms. For years past the author has besieged 
witli all sort of questions the Malay officers and sailors of the local boats 
on which he has made many coasting voyages. Boatmen at Malacca and 
in Singapore have supplied many words, but the greatest assistance has 
been rendered by Captain Matsum, the Indragiri pilot, who has been 
kind enough to spend many days in going carefully through all the material 
available, and explaining the Malay terms with the assistance of the dia- 
grams in a large book on seamanship. Unfortunately lack of time has- 
prevented a more thorough investigation of this interesting subject. 

Natural History. 

In regard to plant names the work of the Malay lexicographer has been 
immensely simplified by the splendid lists of Malay plant names published 
years ago" by Mr. H. N.Eidley in the Journals of the Eoyal Asiatic Society, 
Straits Branch, to which the author is indebted for practically all such 
material to be found in this work. The Malav names of birds, beasts, fishes 


and reptiles have been much more difficult to obtain and to verif}^, but our 
thanks are due to Dr. Hanitsch, the Curator of the Eaffles Museum, Sing- 
apore, for his assistance in reading all the proof sheets and making some 
corrections. Latin names have only been given where it seemed necessary 
for the sake of a clearer identification. The words bur org, ihan, pohok, etc.^ 
which are usually prefixed by Malays to all names of birds, fish and plants,. 
have in most cases been omitted, and should be supplied by the student. 

Other Technical Terms. 

Our thanks are due to the Wardens of Mines in Perak, Pahang and 
Banka for their kindness in supplying the correct terms used in the differ- 
ent methods of tin and goldmining. Also to Mrs. H. B. Mansell and other 
ladies who have taken infinite pains to try and disco s'er and explain to a 
man the technology of iieedlework. In the matter of medical terms it is to 
be regretted that the Malay language is lamentably deficient, and even the 
anatomy of the human body appears to be somewhat vague in Malay ter- 
minology. The vocabulary of medical terms prepared by the late Dr. 
Gerrard being a mere complication from all the dictionaries does not help to 
decide " where doctors disagree." Dr. Lim Boon Keng was kind enough to 
read the ]:)roof sheets, and made a number of valuable suggestions, with 
special reference to the words in use by the Baba Chinese. Dr. Connolly 
began to revise the medical terms, but unfortunately his removal from 
Singapore put an abrupt termination to his work on the dictionary. It is 
to be hoped that some medical man will take up his special department of 
Malay literature and publish a monograph in the Journal of the Eoyal 
Asiatic Society. 

Our Printers. 

Great credit is due to the Methodist Publishing House for the rapidity 
and excellence of the work done in the printing of this dictionary. Over 
400 pages of the book were in type before a single sheet was printed off. 
Tliis enabled the author to send proof sheets for criticism to a number of 
persons, and to make an immense number of corrections which otherwise 
could not have been made. Thus it was possible to take full advantage of 
the experience gained during the progress of the printers' work. 


In addition to the works of Favre and Klinkert already referred to^ 
the author desires to acknowledge his indebtedness to Wilkinson's Malay- 
English dictionar}^, to which constant reference has been made in deter- 
mining the exact meanings of Malay words. A feiv Malay words given 
by Wilkinson which are not to be found in Klinkert's Malay-Dutch dic- 
tionary, second edition, and which are unknown to my Malay assistants 
and others of whom I have inquired, have been inserted with the sign 
(W.), which indicates that I have found no other authority for the use 
of the word. After the first draft was practically finished and while the 
printing was in progress, the parts of Winstedt's new English-Malay 
Dictionary were published from time to time, but as it seemed unfair to 
make use of Mr. Winstedt's material for a rival work which was in course 


of preparation practically at the same time, I have abstained from using 
any of the new words which have appeared in his dictionary, except in so 
far as I had already gleaned them myself from books published in the 
Malay Literature series and from other sources. The author's special 
thanks are due to Guru Hussain of the Kampong Glam Vernacular School, 
Singapore, and to his assistant teachers, who in the last few weeks of the 
final correcting of the proof sheets have answered innumerable questions 
in regard to many of the most difficult and almost unknown words, and 
■obscure dialectic forms. A great many of these difficult points have not 
by any means been settled to the author's satisfaction, and all, whether 
Europeans, Malays or Chinese, who use this dictionary, are cordially 
invited to assist in the detection of any mistakes which may be found, and 
to send their criticisms to the Book Editor of the Methodist Publishing 
House, Singapore. 


The Vowels. 

The five vowels have the continental sounds: — 

a as in father. o as in hole. 

e as the ey in they. ii as in rude. 

i as in ravine. 

In open syllables these vowel sounds have always a greater degree of 
intensity than in closed syllables. 

In addition to the above, there is in Malay, as in nearly all Oriental 
languages, another simple vowel sound which is often called the short 
vowel sound. In the different systems of Eomanizing, this short vowel 
sound has been variously represented by a, a, e, e, i, \, u, u; but all these 
different methods of representing this vowel sound are open to the great 
objection that they mislead Europeans and even natives into giving it an 
incorrect pronunciation, and in a dictionary they have the additional dis- 
advantage of giving rise to so much diversity and uncertainty in the 
spelling of words containing the short vowel that prolonged search is 
often necessary before it can be discovered which of these vowels has been 
used by the lexicographer to represent the short vowel in the particulail 
word which is being sought for. Experience has shown that the best w^ay 
to spell words containing the short vow^el wdth a view to helping the 
student to a correct pronunciation, is to omit the vowel altogether. The 
exact sound of the short vowel should be learnt if possible from a Malay; 
it is almost identical with the half-vowel sound in the first syllable of 
such words as " machine " and " balloon." 

When two vowels come together, both must be sounded, but the first 
must be run into the second: thus au has very nearly the sound of ow in 
" cow," as pismi, mau; and ai tas almost the sound of the English i in 
^' ice," as, surgai, pal'ai. 


The Malay consonants are pronounced as in English, except that the 
r should always be sounded much more clearly and with more of a ring 
than in English. The consonant 7y represents a single sound in Malay, 
and should be pronounced like ng in " singer," never as in " single ; " the 
latter sound is represented in Malay by lyg ; thus the two sounds are found 
in the words: si-rya and siry-gah. The letter A- in Malay, when it occurs 
at the end of a word, is not sounded like the English Ic, but the syllable 
in which it occurs must be pronounced very short indeed, and the breath 
drawn in so as to produce the sliortening of the sound. The apostrophe 
at the end of a sylla])le indicates a similar abrupt sound. 

In the transliteration of the purely Aral)ic letters no distinction has 

been made between vl-) and i^ ; ^^ and ^^ ; -r and o ; or ^ and iS • 


The other Arabic letters have been transliterated as follows : — ^ ^h 
^ kh, J clz, j z, cr- sh, ^ dl, \i> tl, j^ gh, ^ f. The nasal 
letter 'ain c. wliieh changes its sound according to the vowel written 

with it, is represented bv a rough breathing (') placed before the vowel. 
The purely Arabic letters given above are very generally mispronounced 
by Malays, dz being pronounced as z, ih as s, and sometimes / as p, and 
z as y. 

Orthographic Signs. 

As already stated, the inverted comma represents the Arabic nasal 
letter 'ain. It is placed before the vowel which has the nasal sound, as in 
the words 'alam, 'ilmu, m'alim, do'a. 

The apostrophe represents the Arabic sign liamzah, both at the end 
of a word as' described above, and also in the middle of a word between 
two vowels, where it indicates that the voAvels must he pronounced separate- 
ly; this is also the case where the short vowel sound is followed by another 
vowel, as in the words s'isi, Vatas, t'akan, the liamzah being used in such 
cases in the Malay cliaracter. The apostrophe is further used to indicate 
an initial short vowel before the consonants m and n, as in the words 'mhek, 
'ntah, 'rggan, etc. 

The hyphen is used where a word is reduplicated, in compound words, 
or to separate from the words to which they are attached those prefixes, 
suffixes and other particles which do not form an integral part of the word 
itself ; these are : the preposition k-, the abbreviated numeral s-, the passive, 
prefix di-, the pronominal suffixes, -I'li, -mu, and -rya, and the particles 
-lah, -kali, -nah, -tali. The preposition di is distinguished from the passive 
prefix di- by tlie absence of the liyphen. 

Root Words and their Derivatives. 

In the Malay language a very large number of words are derived from 
root words by the addition of prefixes or suffixes. 

Some prefixes and suffixes are only used to form nouns, and others 
are used with verbs. The former are: 

Prefix p, which denotes the agent. 

Prefix p and suffix an, forming al)stract nouns from verbs. 

Prefix per and suffix an, forming verbal nouns from verbs. 

Prefix k and suffix an, forming nouns from adjectives and nouns. 

Suffix an forming nouns from verks, and usually expressing the thing 
which is affected by the action. 
The verbal forms are: 

Prefix her, whicli forms present participles with intransitive verbs. 

Prefix ter, which forms past participles. 

Prefix di-, which forms the passive voice. 

Prefix m, used with transitive verbs. 

Suffixes kan and i. which form transitive verbs. 


111 derived words formed with the prefixes her, ter, per, di- and h, 
the first syllable of the root undergoes no change, but with the prefixes 
7u and p the root in man}- cases changes its form. A reference to the 
following list of changes will usuall}^ enable the student to determine 
what the root is: — 

If the root commences with 

/, m, n, or r, it undergoes no change ; 

h, the prefix becomes mm or pm, as huka, mnihul'a: 

p, the prefix becomes mm or pm, and the initial p of the root is elided, 

as putus, mmnfus; 
d or j, the prefix becomes mn or pn, as dapat, mndapat; 
t or cli, the prefix becomes mn or pn, and the initial t or ch of the 

root is elided, as tar oh, mnaroli; 
g or h or a vowel, the prefix becomes miy or piy, as gall, mrggali; 
\, tlie prefix become mrg or pig, and the initial k of the root is elided, 

as haraig, mrgararg; 
s and sometimes ch, the prefix becomes mry or pnj, and the initial s 

or ch of the root is elided, as suroh, mryuroh. 

The Peculiarities of Baba Malay Explained. 

The following signs and abbreviations have been used in this dictionary 
in order to distinguish (a) those words which are peculiar to the Babas, 
and (b) those which they do not use. 

1. Words marked (B) are used by the Babas, and also of course by 
others who speak the colloquial Malay of the Straits Settlements, but are 
not used by Malays when speaking among themselves, and in many cases 
would not be understood by them. 

2. Words and phrases marked * are not used by Babas, and for the 
most part would not be understood by them. 

3. If words unfamiliar to the Babas are derived from some other 
Oriental language, then instead of the * they have the signs (Ar.) (Sk.) 
(Pers.) or (Hind.), according to the source from which they were derived. 
In some cases, however, where the Malay spelling is different from that of 
the language from which the word is taken, tlie spelling of the original is 
given, and then the absence of the * shows that the word is used by the 

4. Words of European and Chinese origin, marked (D.) (E.) (Eur.) 
(F.) (Port.) (Ch.), and also Tamil -words (Tarn.), are practically all 
familiar to the Babas. 

5. Words peculiar to the Xetherlands Indies (X.I.)? are not used by 
Babas in the Straits unless they also have the sign (B.). 

6. Nautical terms, and also many other technical terms, and the 
names of animals and plants, are for the most part unknown to tlie Babas. 

The differences in Baba pronunciation are not usually shown, as it has 
been thought better to adhere to a uniform system of spelling. The principal 
differences are as follows : ai becomes e, au becomes o or u, oh becomes o 
or u, ell becomes i, and ah becomes a, final h being never aspirated as it is 


by Malays, / becomes ii, I'h becomes I', the verbal prefix per becomes her, 
and u sometimes becomes o, especially final id becomes ot. Where the 
changes are not regular as here indicated, the Baba pronunciation is often 
given as well as the Malay. 

Transitive verbs formed with the suffix -i, are not used by the Babas; 
these are not usually marked *, but the suffix -kan should in almost every 
case be substituted for the -i, except in the word mulai, which the Babas 
pronounce as a two-syllable word, 7nulai. 

In paraphrases the reader is expected to substitute Baba words where 
necessary; for instance, sama for the preposition al'an, and pada for hagi, 
satu macham for s-jnis in names of animals, plants, etc., prgajaran or 
kpandaian for 'ilmu in names of the scioiices {'ilmii meaning •'magic" in 
the Baba Malay), hal for pn in the translation of nouns expressing state 
or action, and so forth. Similarly in compound Avords and examples, as 
under the word " ear," the Baba woi'd kuyiig should be substituted for the 
Malay tlirga. 

It should also be noted that the verbal prefix m has a different use 
among the Babas to that of the Malays. In many words the Babas consider 
it an inseparable part of the word, as mnargis, mleleli, etc., the root forms 
taigis, leleli, etc., being never used by them. On the other hand the Babas 
often omit the m where it would be used by Malays ; for instance, Babas 
would say yajg trargkan instead of yaiy mnrargkan. The sign * does not 
always mean that the word is wholly unknown to the Babas, but that it is 
not used in the particular sense given, similarly 'ilmu is not marked (Ar.) 
under the word " magic," but under " science " it is so marked. 

Where the sign (a) is used to show that a word which is usually a 
noun is to be used adjectivally, that is to say is to follow a noun, it must 
be understood that the Babas would use purya, the word preceding the noun 
instead of following it : thus, for " the headman's house " the Malays might 
say rumah prgliulu, and the Babas prghulu punja rumali. 


The root form of Malay word is given, as a general rule. 

The proper derived form to be used must be learned from the Grammar. 

The verbal form is given with roots which are seldom used as verbs, thusr 

mmanjanj, to stretch, from panjarg; mnyi, to step aside, from tyi. 
The derivation of foreign words familiar to the Babas is not given. 

Arabic Transliteration. 

h h q gh ' tl T dl s sh s z dz hh tl th t 

Accented letters a i u indicate alif yd and wdw respectively in the Arabic. 

^j jJ* J^jJ ^ -W- iw3 4jiJi» ^W j^'y^ ^Vf. 

dzikir Tain a qahiil saiijii Iclia'i sifat labiat uddlir mashhur 'dlam 

If the Malay spelling sufficiently indicates the letters, the Arabic spelling: 

is omitted. 
The Arabic form is given only once in a group of similar words. 

Notes on Baba Malay. 

Words marked thus : — 

Ar. Sk. Pers. Hind. Turk, are not used by Babas. 
Ch. D. E. Eur. Port, are generally known to Babas. 
N^.I. are not known by Babas unless also marked B. 
B. are peculiar to the Babas. 
!N'aut. are generally unknown to Babas. 

Changes in Pronunciation. 

ai to e, as pal^e, slise for pakai, slsai. 

au to o or u, as I'olu, piso for I'olau, pisau. 

oh to o or u, as suiygu, muso for singgoli, musoh. 

eh to i, as jerni, her si for jerneh, her sell. 

a to ak, as hapaJc, hukak for hapa, huka. 

i to ik, as hijik for hiji, also Icchik for Jcchil. 

kh to k, as ksiat, kabar for khasiat, khabar. 

i to p, as pikir, pakat for fiMr, fakai. 

u to o, as patoi, btol for patut, htul. 

per to ber, as bersgi for persgi. 
Words to be substituted. 

sama for akan. kerna for bagi. 

kasi for bri. hal for pri. 

saryat for amat. satu macham for s-jnis. 

suffix -kan for -i in transitive verbs. 
omit m after yarg, as yarg trargkan for yarg mnrargkan. 
use prgajaran or kpandaian for 'ilmu in sciences, 
use purya for possessive after words marked (a). 





Baba Malay. 


used adjectivally, that i 
following a noun. 




. abbreviated. 












































. impersonally. 





X. I. 


Netherlands Indies. 




past participle. 





Pk. . 









Eoman Catholic. 


wliich see. 










Straits Settlements. 

s. pi. 

plural substantive. 



V. aux. 

auxiliary verb. 



V. i. 

intransitive verb. 



V. t. 

transitive verb. 


used by Christians. 


Not used by Babas. 


A (a, emph. a), the article, satu, 
abbrev. to ■$-, which however is 
usually followed b^^ the numeral 
coefficient, according to the class 
of noun referred to, thus: 

^-batary (stem) with poles and 
other long objects, as, s-bataiy 
f/if/i, a tooth ; 

-s-hiji (seed) with small round 
things, as, fimha s-hiji, a bucket; 

■s-hilah'^ (splint) with knives, as, 
s-hilah pdaix), a sword; 

s-hntoh (curve) with rings and 
fishhooks ; 

^-huali (fruit) with books and 
large objects such as countries, 
houses and ships; 

s-buiir (grain) with grain, jewels 
and fruit; 

■<'el'or (tail) with animals; 

s-lilai* or s-lai with thin or flat 
objects, as clothes, paper, hair, 

^-l-aki (foot) with mushrooms and 
flowers ; 

-s-kayu (wood) of rolls of cloth: 

s-Jifmrj (piece) of objects which 
have been cut, as metals, planks, 
bread ; 

^-hunturn (bud) of flowers; 

4i-]ajns (fold) in stating the num- 
ber of thicknesses of the same or 
similar things; 

s'orarq (person) Avith beings su- 
perior to animals in the scale of 
creation ; 

s-pintu (door) with houses built in 
rows ; 

s- pot org (cut) =s-hp{rg; 

s-puchok (shoot) with letters and 

firearms ; 
s-targga (ladder) with native 

s-turus (pillar) with rolls of coins, 
packets of native sugar, etc. 

Aaron (ar'/zn), s. Ilarun (Ar.). 

Aback (a-bak'), adv. (Xaut.) layer 
halsi (L.), layer timpa tiarg. 
Taken aback, terbinjorg. 

Abacus (ab'a-k«s), s. snipoa^, spoa^ 
(Ch. stg-pod"). 

Abaft (a-baff), adv. (Xaut.) di 
hial-aig, di buritan. 

Abandon (a^ban'dwn), v. t. (for- 
sake) iitggaU'an; (desert) buarg- 
Van. x\bandon a habit, bimrgkari 
'adat. To abandon one's self to 
one's fate, niDihuatgkan diri-rya. 

Abandoned (-d?/nd), adj. (for- 
saken) tertirggal, ktirggalan; (in- 
complete, of work) tei'bargai* ter- 
hrgkalai;'^ (deserted) terbuarg; 
(profligate) Iiichah, plonteh 

Abase (a-bas'), v. t. rndahhan, liina- 
lean, turunl-an. 

Abashed (a-bashf), adj. tersipu- 
sipu, l-malu-nmlimn. 

Abate (a-biit'), v. t. (lessen) hu- 
rarglmi; (reduce price) turunJcan 
lierga; (bargain) iawar. 

Abate, v. i. (decrease) rda, ber- 
liinarg-knra^g: (of water, slightly) 
susut; (considerably) surut; (en- 
tirely) Jcriig ; (of tidal waters) 
timpas;^ (of rain) tdoh, sidarg* 

Abatis (a-ba-t("'), s. prgniparg deri- 
pada dahan l-ayn, saiuar* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 



Abattoir (a-bat-twar'), s. tmpat 

persiiihJeJian, tmpat mmhantai* 

paun (E.). 
Abbreviate (ab-bre'vi-at), v. t. 

pendel'lian, renikaslianj^ seiykat- 

Abbreviation (-a'sh?/n), s. potorg- 

an liuruf (Ar.), retyhasan,* lieja- 

'an reiyl'as* (Ar. liija'), perl-ata- 

'an pendel'. 
Abdicate (ab'di-kat), y. i. pcliat 

diri,^ turun deri-pada talclda h- 

raja an. 
Abdomen (ab-do'men or ab'do- 

1116^11), s. prot, isi prot. 
Abduct (ab-dukf), v. t. larikan, 

baira lari. 
Abeam (a-bem'), adv. (Xaiit.) di 

rusok. The wind is abeam, argin 

deri rusoTc, argin timha ruarg. 
Abel (a'bl), s. Ilahil (Ar.). 
Aberration (ab'er-ra'shim), s. 

(mental) irgatan kliru. 
Abet (a-bef), v. t. (assist) tolorg, 

bantu, serta'i,* hersiibahat. 
Abeyance (a-ba'ans), s. pertarggoh- 

anj^ In abeyance, terhnti, ter- 

targgoli,"^ terganionj. 
Abhor (ab-hor'), v. t. (detest) bn- 

cJii; (feel repuo-nance) gU-ghvan* 
Abhorrent (ab-hor'rent), adj. h- 

Abide (a-bid'), v. i. (dwell) tirggal, 

diam,"^ dudok; (stay) tirggal, nan- 

ti, turggu; (remain stable) ttap. 

To abide by (adhere to), pgarg, 

pegarg (B.). To abide by a decis- 
ion, trima liukiim. 
Abide, v. t. (bear) tahan, drita 

(Sk.), targgorg ; (await) nantil'an. 
Ability (a-bil'i-ti), s. (power) 

kiiasa; (skill) kpandaian. To the 

best of his ability, drgan s-boleh- 

boleh-nja, dtgan s-brapa daya- 

upai/a-n/a. See able. 
Abject (ab'jekt), adj. (degraded) 

hina, kjir''^ (servile) rndah. 
Abjure (ab-jur'), v. t. (disavow) 

sa)gkalkan ; ( renounce ) m u rgkir, 
eigkarkan'^ (Ar, niunkir, inkar). 

Ablaze (a-blaz'), adj. berryala. 

Able (a'bl), adj. (clever, talented) 
pandai; (strong) kuat; (capable 
'of) berkuasa; (skilled) pahani, 
ahli (Ar.), taliii; as, able to speak,. 
tahu berkata-kata,* tahu chakap; 
able to swim, tahu bernarg. Ta 
be able to, boleh, dapat* larat, dan 
(P.), bisa (X.I.) ; as, tiada dapat 
masok, not able to enter. 

Able-bodied (-bod'id), adj. kuat, 
tgap, gagah. 

Ablution (ab-lii'shwn), s. pmbasoh- 
an. To perform religious ablu- 
tions, arnbil ai/er snibahyaig* ambil 
wudlu (Ar.) : (with sand) ber- 
taj/amum (Ar.). To perform 
ablutions after evacuations, ber-^ 
chehok, beristinja (Ar.) ; (of the 
whole body) mandi hadas kchil 
(Pers. obdast) ; (after coition) 
mandi hadas bsar;'^ (after touch- 
ing a pig or dog) sertu.'^' 

Abnegation (ab'ne-ga'shwn), s. 
sargkalan^ 8elf abnegation (self- 
denial), pr{ mnalian nafsu. 

Abnormal (ab-nor'nml), adj. tiada 
bevperaturan, plek,'^ ganjil, lain 
deri- pad a 'adat. 

Aboard (a-bord'), adv. (Xaut.) di 
kapal. 'To go aboard, naik kapah 
turun kapal, naik prahu, turun 

Abode (a-bod'), s. tmpat tiiggal, k- 
diaman* kdvdokan.'^ 

Abolish (a-bol'ish), v. t. (do away 
iwith) hapuskan* hilargkan, tiada- 
kan; (annul, make void) batalkan^ 
Abolish a custom, buargkan 'adat. 

Abominable (a-bom'i-na-bl), adj. 
(odious) kbnchian; (loathsome) 
/»•//.* hina. 

Abominate (-nat), v. t. bnchi, luat,*' 
bnchi Jiihial. 

Abomination (-na'shj/n), s. k- 

ate, ask, fim, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, lier, ferry; ice, it, firOj^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 



Aborigines (ab'o-rij'i-nez), s. pi. 
ora)y hul'it, omrg asal negri. 

Abortion (a-bor'sh?ai), s. (mis- 
carriage) kguguran anah; (im- 
mature product of fruits) huali 
hurol'. To produce abortion, nini- 
hiiaig anal'. 

Abortive (-tiv), adj. (premature) 
Ir/Liguran; (ineffectual, coming to 
naught) yarg ta'jadi, tiada liasil, 
hantut, hatal. 

Abound (a-bownd'), v. i. lempali, 
ramhak, jadi meicali, lachaJc* m- 
■lechah (B.), berjebah,* m'amur 

About (a-bowt'), prep, (concern- 
ing) deri-lial, fasal; (around) 
I'lilirg; (near) dl'at, liampir. 
About to (in the act of) lindak, 

About, adv. (around) Uilirg ; (here 
and there) sana-sinl; (when mo- 
tion is implied) k-sana k-marij* 
(nearly) hampir; (approximately, 
more or less) kira-kira, agak-agak, 
gamak-gamak* Iheh kurarg, arg- 
(jaran, hararg; as, hararg diia-pidoh 
dpa panjaig-nja, about twenty 
fathoms long. To bring about, 
dataigkan. To set about, mula'i, 
midai (B.). Eound about, M/i/gr. 
To put about, (Xaut.) helok. 

Above (a-buv'), prep, (higher than) 
atas, di at as, tirggi deri-pada; 
(more than) Iheh deri-pada. 
Above all, tendama (Sk.). 

Above, adv. atas. Above-mention- 
ed, tersbot di atas. Over and 
al">ove, lain deri-pada- 

Aboveboard (-bord), adv. lyata- 
iyata, trus-tmrg. 

Abrade (ab-rad'), v. t. (of the skin) 
lecliet, glupas, Ilas."^ 

Abraham (a'bra-ham), s. Ibrahim 

Abrasion (-ra'zhi/n), s. lecliet, llas.'^ 

Abreast (a-bresf), adv. s-jajar,^ s- 

baris, bersairg. Four abreast, 
anipat s-baris, anipat s-ttar.* 

Abridge (a-brij'), v. t. pendekkan, 
re igkaskaii, * seiyka tkan. 

Abroad (a-brawd'), adv. (widely) 
rata; (outside, at large) di luar; 
(everywhere) sana-sini; (in for- 
eign parts) di negri asirg,* di 
negri orarg. To get abroad (of 
news), pchah kliabar. To live 
abroad, berdagatg, tirggal di negri 
oraig (B.). All abroad (con- 
fused), ssat-barat. 

Abrogate (ab'ro-gat), v. t. man- 
sukhkan (Ar.). 

Abrogated (-ed), adj. mansuhh 

Abrupt (ab-rupf), adj. (steep) 
churani; (hasty) digan gopoh, 

Abruptly (-li), adv. gopoh-gopoh, 
serta-merta, golof-golot.''' 

Abscess (ab'ses), s. bisul, barah, 
clngkrerg;'^ (internal) sniharan."^ 

Abscond (ab-skond'), v. i. (hide) 
bersmbunji, smburyikan diri; (ab- 
sent one's self) lari. 

Absence (ab'sens), s. ktiada'an. 
During my absence, s-pnuirggalan- 

Absent (-sent), adj. tidak ada, 
tiada, tiada hadlir* (Ar. uddlir). 

Absentee (ab'sen-te'), yarg tiada 
hadlir (Ar.). 

Absent-minded (ab'sent-mind-ed), 
adj. itga-irga,^ Jalai, plupa.'^ 

Absolute (ab'so-lut), adj. (unres- 
tricted) tiada berhiigga; (com- 
plete, perfect) smpurna; (without 
exception) sahaja, s-mata-mata, 
skali. An absolute falsehood, 60- 
hor(} sahaja, s-mata-mata bohorg, 
bo/ionj skali, bohorg tnis, bohorg 
tgak-tgak.* An absolute impos- 
sibility, mustahil skali (Ar.), s- 
kali-kali ta'boleh jadi; see below. 

Absolutely (-li), adv. (wholly) s- 
mata-mata; (positively) skali-kali; 

ate, ask, am. final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, lis, minws, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 



(completely) habis, as, absolutely 
destroyed, hahis hinasa. 

Absolution (-lii'shwn), s. MjMsan 
den-pada salali, Fampunan. 

Absolve (ab-solv'), v. t. (remit) 
ampunl-an, mahapl'an (Ar. ma- 
'df) ; (set free) Ipasl'an. To ask 
to be absolved (from a debt), 
7nmta lialall'an.^ ! 

Absorb (-sorb'), v. t. (swallow np) j 
malcan, tian; (suck up) kisap, 
lap, ttapf (permeate) msra* ' 
To be absorbed, srap* jrap."^ | 

Absorbent (-?nt), adj. yarg mrg- j 
liimp, i/aiy mnJan. 

Absorption (-sorp'slu/n), s. pri 

Abstain (ab-stan'), v. i. (forbear) 
tahani diri, jauhkan din; (refrain 
from) taubat deri-pada.'^ To ab- 
stain from intoxicants, pmtaryl-ari 

Abstemious (-ste'mi-i^s), adj. ji- 

Abstinence (ab'sti-nras), s. jimat. 
Total abstinence, lial mmaniarg' 
Van arah. 

Abstract (ab-strakf), v. t. (take 
away) hluarVan, cJiaboU'an. 

Abstract (ab'strakt), s. (epitome) 

Abstract, adj. (as opposed to con- 
crete) batin (Ar.). 

Abstracted (ab-strakt'ed), adj. (in 
mind) inja-irga* 

Abstraction (ab-strak'shwn), s. (of 
mind) iiga."^ 

Abstruse (-stroos'), adj. dalani, 
raJisia, riisia (B.), 'umuni^ (x^r. 
gliiimum ?). 

Absurd (-serd'), adj. (nonsensical) 
karut; (incredible) mustahil 
(Ar.) ; (stupid) bodoJi; (of talk) 
repek, mrapelc (B.). 

Absurdity (-i-ti), s. perlwa yaig 
musialiil (Ar.), Tcbodohan, l-amt; 
see above. 

Abundance (a-bun'dans), s. Mem^ 
pahan, Inneiualian. 

Abundant (-dant), adj. mewah,, 
lenipah, larlmk* mlecliak (B.)v 
berjebali,'^' ni'amur (Ar.). 

Abundantly (-li), adv. digan A- 
I em pahan. 

Abuse (a-buz'), v. t. (misuse) ro- 
sakl-an, mlah pal'ai; (illtreat) an^ 
iai/ah-an, beigl'eig;* (revile) cher^ 
cka (Sk.), nsta (Sk.), hamun;* 
(with obscenity or rude words) 
■mak'i; (disparage) chJal-an;_ (ma- 
lign) 11 m pat. 

Abuse (a-bfis'), s. (reviling) cher^ 
clta (Sk.), nsta (Sk.), hamun,'^' 
mahi, as above; (immoral act) A*- 
mlahan, aniaya. 

Abusive (-iv), adj. puiali, pnf<la 
('Sk.), kasar. 

Abut (a-but'), v. i. rapat, bertempeh 

Abutment (-ment), s. (of a bridge) 
totglxat, alasan. 

Abyss (a-bis'), s. lobarg yarg tiada 
terduga [taboleh di-duga (B.)]. 

Abyssinia (ab'is-sin'i-a), s. negri 

Abyssinian (-an), s. orarg HabshL 

Academy (a-kad'e-mi), s. sholah^ 
till pat blajar 'ilmu.^^ 

Accede (ak-sed'), v, i. To accede to,. 
i<udi akan/^ sudihan, berknankan,'^ 
kabulhni* (Ar. qabuJ), yakan. 

Accelerate (-sel'er-at), v. t. Ikas- 
kan, sgrakan, baigatkan."^ 

Accent (ak'scnt), s. (manner of 
pronouncing) lidali, lafatl (Ar.) ; 
(incorrect or foreign accent) pe- 
laf : (stress) buiyi kras, tkanan 

Accentuate (ak-sen'chu-at), v. t. 
(pronounce distinctly) kraskan bu' 
iyi; (make prominent) lyatakaUj. 
lb eh kan. 

Accept (-scpf), V. t. (receive) tri- 
ma, sanibot; (acquiesce) sudi, ka- 
bui:^' To accept responsibility 
for, saiggop. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

jnirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, its, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 



Acceptable (-sep'ta-b] ) , adj. (can 
be received) boJeli di-trima; 
(agreeable) herhian, yaiy di- 

Access (ak'ses), s. (admittance) 
dapat masok, izin masoh. 

Accessible (ak-ses'si-bl), adj. (ap- 
proachable) yaig holeh di-ham- 
piri* holeh di-masoMi, yarg snaiy 
rapat (B.) ; (obtainable) yairj ho- 
leh di-dapaii. 

Accession (-sesh'?m), s. (something 
added) tol'ol:; (to a throne) hal 
naih raja, hal naih I'vaja'an. 

Accessories (ak-ses'so-ris), s. pi. 
(of machinery) perkakas, alatan* 

Accessory (-ses'so-ri), adj. yarg 
mnjertai,'^ yarg mnolorg, yarg mm- 
hantu, s-Jcutu;* (in a bad sense) 

Accident (ak'si-d^nt), s. (mis- 
Ciiance) chlaka, mara,"^ kmalargan, 
mala-pstaka/^ halak (Ar. halo.'). 

Accidentally (-den'tal-li), adv. 
(unintentionally) hiikan digan s- 
rgaja; (by accident) tiha-tiha* 
aleh-alehf^ s-kuujotg-l'uryorg * top- 

Acclaim (ak-klam'), v. t. soral'Jcan. 

Acclamation (ak'kla-ma'shzai), s. 
sorak, tmpek. 

Acclimatize (ak-kli'ma-tiz), v. t. 
hiasakan pada haw a negri lain. 

Acclivity (-kliv'i-ti), s. churaman. 

Accommodate (-kom'mo-dat), v. t. 
(adapt) patiitkan, samakan; 
(oblige) tolorg; (adjust, settle) 
shaikan, slisekan (B.). To ac- 
commodate ten persons, viuat s- 
pidoh orary. 

Accommodation (-da'shMu), s. 
(supply of a want) pertolorgan; 
(lodging) tumpargan. 

Accompany (ak-kum'pa-ni), v. t. 
(go with) serta'i* ikut, kaivan- 
kan, tmani:* (escort) hantar; 
(escort royalty) iriig.^ 

Accomplice (-kom'plis), s. kaivan 
dalaia ksalalian, suhahat. 

Accomplish (-plish), v. t. (achieve) 
sampxiikan, JiasUkan* lakukan;* 
(complete) hahiskan, sudahkan, 
gnapn, shaikan, slisekan (B.), 
jlaska n , snt p u rnakan. 

Accomplished (-plisht), adj. her- 
plajaran* yarg ada plajaran (B.). 

Accomplishment (-plish-m<?nt), s. 
(completion) pighahisan, ksudah^ 
an; (scholastic attainment) pla- 
jaran, pndapatan* 

Accord (ak-kord'), v. t. (grant) 
hri; (harmonise) perstujukan/^ 
patuikan, slujukan (B.). 

Accord, v. i. (agree with) herstuju 
dm an. 

Accord, s. perstujuan, muafakat 
(Ar.), pakat. With one accord, 
drgan satii hati. Of one's own ac- 
cord, drgan kalian dak diri. 

Accordance (-ans), s. perstujuan. 

According as (-iug az), prep, s- 
perti, s-hgimana. 

According to (-ing too), prep. 
mnurut, atas; as, according to my 
opinion, mnurut hichara-ku;* ac- 
cording to the law of Moses, atas 
link urn Miisa. 

Accordingly (-li), adv. shah itu, 
oleli itu,* drgan yarg dmkian,'^ 
sperti yarg dnikian.'^ 

Accordion (ak-kor'di-'im), s. ko- 
dian (E.), harnionika (N.I.). 

Accost (ak-kosf), v. t. (speak to) 
tgur, sapa,* triak. 

Accoucheur (ak-ko6-sher'), s. hi- 
dan, dukun. 

Accouchment (ak-koosh'max), s. 
heranak, hersalin. 

Account (ak-kownf), s. (computa- 
tion) hilargan, kira-kira; (narra- 
tive)^ chrita; (importance) guna; 
(reason) shah. On account of, 
shah. To take account of, pduli, 
hirau,* anihil tahu. Of no ac- 
count, ta'hrat, retgan, alarg- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mim<s, ciire, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 



l-palaty* On one's own account, 
atas pr entail sndiri, atas lial-iya 

Account, V. t. (consider, deem) hi- 
laty, bilatyka?!, kirakun. 

Account, V. i. (render an account) 
hri kira-hira; (answer for) hri 
jawab. That accounts for it, itu- 
lah sbah-tya. To account for, 
njatakan, tratykan, hri shah. 

Accountable (-a-bl), adj. yary m- 
natyoiy. He is accountable, ia- 
lah yary mnaryyoiy, atas dia-Iah. 

Accountant (-ant), s. kra7ii kira- 
kira, tukary kira-kira, chai-hu (Ch.) . 

Accoutre (ak-koo'ter), v. t. Irykap- 
kan, alatkan (Ar.). 

Accoutrements (-ments), s. pi. 
alat (Ar.), khykapan, pakaian. 

Accredit (-kred'it), v. t. (give au- 
thority to) icakilkan, hri kiiasa, 
hnarkan; (put trust in) harapkan, 
perch ay a. 

Accretion (-kre'shzm), s. tamhali- 
an, tokok. 

Accrue (-kroo'), v. i. makiii her- 
tamhali, hertamhali-tam hah. 

Accumulate (-ku'mu-lat), v. t. 
(pile up) tinihonkan; (collect) 
himponkan/^ kumpolkan, kampory- 
kan; (materials for a building, 
etc.) ramu.* 

Accumulate, v. i. hertamhaJi-tam- 
hahj hertimhon-timhon. 

Accumulation (-la'shun), s. (act 
of accumulating) hal mryhimpon- 
kan;"^ (heap, mass) tinihonan, 

Accuracy (ak'ku-ra-si), s. khtulan, 

Accurate (-ret), adj. htul, hnar. 

Accursed (ak-kersf or ak-kers'ed), 
adj. clilaka, terkutok, terVanat 
(Ar.), hdhah (Pers.), maVun 

Accusation (ak'ku-za'shwn), s. tu- 
dohan* d'awa. 

Accuse (ak-kiiz'), v. t. tiidoli;* (in 

a lawsuit) d'awa; (blame) salali- 
kan, cilia. 

Accuser (-er), s. pnudoh,* pn- 
d'aiva,^ orary yary da'wa (B.), 
pn cilia. 

Accustom (-kus'twm), v. t. hiasa- 

Accustomed (-t?ymd), adj. (wont- 
ed) hiasa, pacliak (N.I.) ; (ex- 
pert) taliii, maliir (Ar.) ; (habi- 
tual) lazim (Ar.). 

Ace (as), s. (in cards) sat. Within 
an ace, clinias,* njaris.'"^ 

Acerbity (a-ser'bi-ti), s. (of taste) 
klat; (of disposition) rryus,* hpyis. 

Ache (ak), v. i. herrasa sakit, her- 
rasa pdeh,* herrasa ryilu. 

Ache, s. sakit; (of the stomach) 
snak, niulas, sakit prot; (of the 

. muscles) sryal. 

Acheen (a-chen'), s. Aclieh. 

Achieve (a-chev'), v. t. (perform) 
sanipaikan, liasilkan,* lakukan;* 
(gain, obtain) heroleh,* dapat. 

Achievement (-ment), s. (comple- 
tion) pryhahisan; (successful ac- 
tion) pkerja'an yary liasil;* (he- 
roic) perhuatan perkasa (Sk.). 

Achilles tendon (a-kil'lez ten'- 
dwn), s. kiiry.* 

Aching (ak'ing), s. sakit, pdeli,* 
njilu; (of the emotions) sdeli. 

Achromatic (ak'ro-mat'ik), adj. 
tiada herwerna. 

Acid (as'id), s. asani. 

Acid, adj. niasam, klat, asam (B.). 

Acidity (a-sid'i-ti), s. asam, klat 

Acknowledge (ak-nol'ej), v. t. 
(own, admit) niryaku, herikrar 

Acknowledgment (-ment), s. 
(verbal) piyakuan, akuan, ikrar* 
(Ar. iqrar). 

Acme (ak'me), s. (supreme excel- 
lence) utama (Sk.), punchak. 

Acorn (a'korn), s. huali hraiyan 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 



Acoustics (a-kows'tiks or a-koos'-), 
s. 'ilmu'^ pnrgaran/^ 'ilmu* huvji. 

Acquaint (ak-kwanf), v. t. (mako 
to know) hri tahu, kasi tahu (B.), 
hnalhan; (inform) mfalumkan 
(Ar). To be acquainted witii, 
tahu, hnal, paham, ramah drgan* 
herjinak-jinak'aii dnjan, hiasa 
drgari; (mutually) herhnal-hialan. 
To acquaint one's self with, dapat 

Acquaintance (-ans), s. (know- 
ledge) prgialiuan; (a person) h- 

Acquiesce (ak'kwi-es'), v. i. kahul* 
herhnaii, sudi. 

Acquire (ak-kwir'), v. t. beroleh* 
dapat, dapati. 

Acquirement (-ment), s. peroleh- 
an,"^ pndapatan. 

Acquisition (ak'kwi-zish'wn), s. 
(act of acquiring) pri mndapat: 
(the thing gained) perolehan* 

Acquit (ak-kwif), v. t. (release, 
discharge) Ipaslmi. To acquit 
one's self, lahukan diri,"^ berlaku. 

Acquittal (-tal), s. Mpasan. 

Acre (a'ker), s. elw, ekel; (the 
Malay acre) rloiy = li English 

Acrid (ak'rid), adj. (of taste) 
pdar;'^ (of smell) mauiy/^ prat^^ 
hapak, trgek.* 

Acrimonious (ak'ri-mo'ni-ws), adj. 
herhati pdeh,"^ pahit, hrgis. 

Acrimony (-mo-ni), s. kpahitan 

Acrobat (ak'ro-bat), s. orarg yarg 
buat pemiainan yaiy herbahya* 
orarg bermain buaian. 

Across (a-kros'), prep, (athwart, 
crosswise) lintarg ; (quite over) s- 
hwy, s-blah. To step across, 
mlarykah. To go across (a river), 
mnjbrarg. To come across (meet), 
bertmu drgan, jrmpak.^' 

Across, adv. lintarg, sbrarg. 

Acrostic (-tik), s. tka-tki. 

Act (akt), V. t. (feign) buat-buat, 
pura-pura. To act the fool, main 

Act, V. i. (behave) berlaku, mlaku^ 
kan din;* (put forth energy) 6- 
kerja; (perform on the stage) 6er- 
main wayarg, lakon* (Jav.). To 
act for, mmargku. 

Act, s. perbuatan, pkerja'an, klaku- 
an. Act of parliament, undaiy- 
undarg negri. Acts of the Apos- 
tles, Kesali Perbuatan RasuJ-rasul. 

Acting (akt'ing), adj. (officiating) 

Action (ak'sh?m), s. (deed) per- 
buatan, pkerjaan, fe'el (Ar.) ; 
(behaviour) klakuan: (lawsuit) 
d'awaan, kes (E.) ; (fight, battle) 

Actionable (-a-bl), adj. yary boleh 

Active (-tiv), adj. (agile) pantas, 
targkas;* (working) yarg ber~ 
laku,'^^ yarg bkerja; {dLili^^nt) 
rajin, clierkas.* 

Activity (ak-tiv'i-ti), s. kpantasan, 
rajin, usaha. 

Actor (rdv'ter), s. anak-iuayarg , anak 
bargsawan, dalaiy.* Principal ac- 
tor, orarg muda. 

Actress (-tres), s. prempuan ivayary. 
Principal actress, sri paryyo7y. 

Actual (-chu-fll), adj. (real) surg- 
yoh, yary s-bnar-rya; (now exist- 
ing) yarg ada skararg. The actual 
state of affairs, halrehival yarg sah.* 

Actually (-li), adv. diyan s-suig- 
goh-7ya, btul-iya. 

Actuate (-at), v. t. grakkan, jalan- 

Acumen (a-ku'men), s. 'akal yarg 
tajani, cherdek, kpintaran (X.L). 

Acute (a-kuf), adj. (pointed) ron- 
cheiy;* (shrewd) cherdek, tajam; 
(of sickness) tivk. 

A.D. (Anno Domini = in the year 
of our Lord) tarikh Msihi (Ar.), 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carr^; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, ciire, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




tahu7i Msihi, taliun orarg Kristen 


Adage (ad'ej), s. perl'ata'an oraty 
dliulu kala, bidal* ppatali,* p- 

Adam (dd'am)^ s. 7iabi Adam (Ar.). 

Adam*s apple (ad'amz ap'pl), s. 
Jkum (Ar. nulqum). 

Adapt (a-dapf), v. t. patiitkan, sa- 
uiakan, stujukan, suaikan* 

Adapted (-ed), adj. padan, patut, 
lat/ak, s-rasi, suai* 

Add (ad), V. t. (auoment) tamhah- 
kan; (in small quantities) tokok; 
(sum up) jmlahkan (Ar.) ; (ap- 
pend) samhon). 

Addendum (ad-den'dimi), s. sam- 
h organ. 

Addict (ad-dikf), v. t. hiasakan, 
iawani.'^ Addicted to vice, ter- 
iaivan oleh hawa-nafsu-nja* 

Addition (-dish'?/n), s. (increase) 
pnamhahan; (slight increase) to- 
kok; (sum) J7n1ah (Ar.) ; (an- 
nex) huhoiyan/^ samhorgan; 
(Math.) tambah. 

Additional (-al), adj. tambah, Ibeli 

Addled (ad'dld), adj. tmblaiy. 

Address (ad-dres'), v. t. (speak to) 
ff/ur, sapa;'* (direct in writing) 
ahmatkan (Ar.). 

Address, s. (speech, statement) per- 
chakapan, nchapan; (direction of 
a letter) 'alamat surat;* (place of 
residence) tmpat thy gal. Form 
of address, peraturan bhasa. 

Adduce (-dus'), v. t. sbotkan, bawa, 

Adept (ad'ept), s. oraig pandai, 
orarg ahli (Ar.). 

Adept (a-depf), adj. pandai, pa- 
ham, pintar (X.I.). 

Adequate (ad'e-kwet), adj. chukop, 
pada,* laj/ak, mnasabah (Ar.). 

Adhere (ad-her'), v. i. (stick) Ikat, 
jrekct;* (to a party) rapatkan 
diri; (to an opinion) ttap, berkuat. 

Adherent (-ent), s. (of a leader) 
murid; (of a party) sidarg.* 

Adhesive (-he'siv), adj. ya^g mlkat, 
Iket* jreket.'^ 

Adieu (a-du'), interj. tabek, slamat 
thggal, slamat jalan, salam 'alai- 
kum (Ar.). 

Adipose (ad'i-p5s), adj. Imak. 

Adjacent (a-ja'sent), adj. di sisi* 
di tpi, dkat, hampir* ra]Mt, b&i'-^ 

Adjective (aj'ek-tiv), s. (Gram.) 
nfah (Ar.). 

Adjoin (a-join'), v. i. bersamborg, 
berhuboig* rapat, bertempel.* 

Adjoining (-ing), adj. bersamborg 
digan, berhampiran drgan.^ 

Adjourn (a-jern'), v. t. (postpone) 
ta?ggohkan,* tempolikan,* gantvrg, 
pospon (E.). 

Adjourn, v. i. pchali, bersurai* 

Adjudge (a-juj'), y. t. (decide ju- 
idicially) huhumkan, putuskan Ml- 
kmnj (deem, consider) bilargkan, 

Adjudicate (a-ju'di-kat), v. t. pu- 
tuskan hukuHi, jatohkan hukum. 

Adjunct (aj'ungkt), s. tempelan.^ 

Adjuration (aj'u-ra'shz/n), s. sum- 
pah . 

Adjure (a-jur'), v. t. suroh bersum- 

Adjust (a-jusf), V. t. (fit) patid- 
kan, pasaig, rapatkan; (put in 
order) aturkan; (settle, as ac- 
counts, differences, quarrels) slsai- 
kan, slisekan (B.), jlaskan. 

Adjutant (aj'u-tant), s. ajudan 

Adjutant bird (herd), s. buroiy 

Administer (ad-min'is-ter), v. t. 
(manage) aturkan, jalankan; 
(give out) bhagikan, bri. To ad- 
minister an oath, bri sumpali. 

Administration (-tra'sh?/n), s. 
(act of administering) peraturan; 
(the executive) pnjawatan,* pren- 

ate, ask, am, fin«l, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, miuMS. cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




taJian^ Letters of administration, 

sumt Jcuasa psaka. 
Administrator (-tra-ter), s. yarg 

nnnjalankan, pmerentah, pnjawat;* 

(legal) Jcuasa, wal'il* (At. ivakil). 

Admirable (ad'mi-ra-bl), adj. teru- 

tarn a (Sk.), terpuji, elok, indah. 
Admiral (-ral), s. laksamana (Sk.), 

prglima laid. 
Admiration (-ra'shwn), s. lial mrg- 

Admire (ad-mir'), v. t. (prize liigh- 

l_y) indahkan; (regard with appro- 
bation) suka akan, herknan akan, 

gmar akan/^ hilargkan elok. 
Admirer (-er), s. yarg mnjindali- 

kan, yary mrgaseJti. 
Admissible (-mis'si-bl), adj. luhts, 

yarg holeh di-luliiskan, yarg boleh 

di-hri masok. 
Admission (-mish'2yn), s. (access) 

izin masok; (acknowledgement) 

prgakuan* To gain admission, 

dapat masok. 
Admit (-mif), y. t. (give entrance) 

hri masok; (receive) trima, sam- 

hot; (acknowledge, concede) mrg- 

aku, ikrar (Ar.) ; (allow) lulus- 

Admittance (-tans), s. izin masok. 

No admittance, tgahan masok. 
Admitting that (-ting tli^t), conj. 

surggoli-pun, smntarg-pun.'^ 
Admixture (-miks'cliur), s. diam' 

puran, gaulan.'^ 
Admonish (-mon'isli), v. t. (re- 
prove, exhort) tgur, ajar, nasikat' 

kan; (warn) lararg. 
Admonition (ad'mo-nishW), s. 

nasihat, ajaran. 
Admonitory (ad-mon'i-to-ri), adj. 

yarg mlarargkan. 
Ado (a-doo'), s. susah. To make 

no more ado, tiada anibil susah 

lagi, tiada hirau lagi.* 
Adolescence (ad'o-les'sens), s. ba- 

ligh (Ar.), rmaja (Sk.), cliukop 


Adopt (a-dopf), v. t. (a view or 
policy) pileh, trima, pakai, ikut, 
turiit; (a child) airjkat. 

Adopted (-ed), adj.' Adopted child, 
anak argkat. 

Adoptive (-iv), adj. Adoptive fa- 
ther, bapa argkat. 

Adorable (a-dor'a-bl), adj. yarg 
jKitut di-smbah, yarg patut di- 
kasehi; see adore. 

Adoration (ad'o-ra'shtm), s. smbah. 

Adore (a-dor'), v. t. (worship) sm- 
bah; (love) kasehi, chinta. 

Adorn (a-dorn'), v. t. (decorate) 
hias,'^ Jiiasi* riaskan (B.) ; (beau- 
tify) elokkan, tambahi k'elokan.* 

Adornment (-ment), s. perliiasan, 
prasan (B.), k'elokan. 

Adrift (a-driff), adv. liaryut, ter- 
aporg-apoiyj^ teratorg-atorg* ber- 

Adroit (a-droif), adv. pandai, pan- 
tos, chakatan,''^ pintar (iST.I.). 

Adulation (ad'u-la'shwn), s. puji- 

Adulatory (-la-to-ri), adj. yarg 
sargat mmuji. 

Adult (ad'ult or a-dulf), adj. yarg 
sudah sanipai 'umor, chukop 
'urn or, baligh (Ar.) ; (of men) 
bujarg; (of women) dara. 

Adulterate (a-dul'ter-at), v. t. (de- 
base) laiichorgkan,* palsukan; (by 
admixture) champurkan. 

Adulterated (-ed), adj. lancliorg,^ 
palsu, champiiran. 

Adulterer (-er), s. laki-laki yarg 
berzina, ya^g bermukali* yarg ber- 

Adulteress (-es), s. prempuan yarg 
berzina, yarg berniukah,* yarg ber- 

Adultery (-i), s. zina, mukah,* kn^ 
dak. To commit adultery, ber- 
zina, bermtikah,* berkndak. 

Ad valorem (ad va-l6r'em), adj. 
yarg mnurut herga. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear; carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin then. 




Advance (ad-vans'), v. i. (go for- 
ward) herjalan, mara* tampil* 
ma/u:* (step forward in fencing) 
sarah;* (increase in knowledge, 
age, etc.) naik, bertamhah; (in- 
crease in price) 7iaik. 

Advance, v. t. (bring to the front) 
hadapkan, tampilkan* jnajulwi;* 
(in rank) nail'kan; (earnest 
money) hri chrykram, hayer dim- 
hi; (the price) naikkaii herga; 
( wages ) pinjamkan. 

Advance, s. kmajuan* kmai'aan;* 
(earnest money) chiykram; (of 
wages) pinjaman. In advance, 
di hadapan, dliulu. 

Advancement (-ment), s. (pro- 
gress ) kmajuan ;* ( promotion ) 
naik paiykat. 

Advantage (ad-van'tej), s. (bene- 
fit) guna, faiddli, kbajikan;"^ 
(gain, profit) untoig, lata,* m- 
nafaat (Ar.). To get an ad- 
vantage, mriarg. To take advan- 
tage of (use), giinakan; (cheat) 

Advantageous (ad'van-ta'j?/s), adj. 
berguna, beruntorg, berfaidah. 

Advent (ad'vent), s. kdataiyan. 

Adventitious (ad'ven-tish'^s), adj. 
tiada s-mna-mna,^ datarg-datarg.^ 

Adventure (ad-ven'chur), s. per- 
kara yaig berbaliya, perkara yaig 

Adventurous (-i/s), adj. (daring) 
bratii kna bahya, nekatj* (risky) 

Adversary (ad'ver-sa-ri), s. op- 
ponent) lawan; (personal enemy) 
stru;* (national enemy) musoh. 

Adverse (-vers), adj. (opposing) 
yarg mJawan; (of wind) sakal; 
(unpropitious) malaig, sial. 

Adversity (ad-vers'i-tij, s. kmala^y- 
an, cMaka, balak (Ar. bald'). 

Advert ( ad-vert'), v. i. i7yat {akan), 
knarg akan. To advert to, irgat- 

Advertise (ad'ver-tiz), v. t. (an- 
nounce publicly) masohorka7i (Ar. 
7)tashhur), hi tahu, kasi tahu 
(B.), ivarwarkan* hebahkaii.* 

Advertisement (ad-ver'tiz-ment), 
s. notis (E.), kn/ata'an, 'alan 

Advice (ad-vis'), s. bichara, nasihat, 
runduyan,* ptyajaran; (of a doc- 
tor) ptua* (Ar. fatwa) ; (inform- 
ation) k/iabar, pkhabaran* 

Advisable (-viz'a-bl), adj. patut, 

Advise (-viz'), v. t. (counsel) bi- 
charakan, nasihatkan; (inform) 
brl taliu, m'alvmkan (Ar.). 

Advisedly (-ed-li), adv. drgan s- 

Adviser (-er), s. pmbicliara, pna- 

Advocacy (ad'vo-ka-si), s. lial mm- 
bantu, lial mmhicliarakan. 

Advocate (-ket), s. luakil bichara,^ 
pgnam* loyar (E.). 

Advocate (-kat), v. t. (defend at 
law) toloig, bantu; (recommend) 

Adze (adz), s. patil;* (larger) rni^ 
bas,'^ chtam.* 

/Eolian harp (e-o'li-an harp), s. 
buloh prindu.* 

Aerated (a'er-at-ed), adj. (bub- 
bling) gigak, nierwap (B.), mn- 
dideJi, mndidi (B.). Aerated 
water, ayer manis, ayer lamnet{'E.), 

Aerial (ar'i-al), adj. argin (a), 
udara (a), di udara. 

Aeronaut (a'er-o-nawt), s. oranj 
naik, pundi-pundi terbarg.* 

Aeroplane (-plan), s. kapal terbarg, 
jntra terba?g* kapal udara.* 

.esthetics (es-thet'iks), s. pi. 'iU 
mu k'elokan* 'ilmu perhiasan* k- 
pandaian fasal rias (B.). 

Afar (a-far'), adv. janh. 

Affable (af'fa-bl), adj. laku manis, 
pramali, berbham, tergkah-laku Im- 
bot (B.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, ns, minMS, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Affair (af-far'), s. (matter, con- 
cern) hal, perlwa; (business) 

Affect (-fekf), v. t. (influence, 
move) grakkan; (feign) hiiaU 
biiat, pura-pura. To affect un- 
favourably, dataiy'kan cMaka. To 
be affected by, hna. 

Affectation (affek-ta'shwn), s. 
fergkah pura-pwa, muka-Timka. 

Affected (af-fektVd), adj. yaiy 
pura-pura laku-iya. 

Affecting (-ing), adj. yaiy mmhri 
raican/^ yary mmhri pilu, yarg m- 
milul'an, yaig mrawankan* 

Affection (-fek'sh^m), s. (love) 
kaseh, sayarg : (strong) msra 
(Sk.) ; (mental impulse, feeling) 
'chita-chita,'^ rasa, perrasaan haU; 
(disease) pryahit. To gain a per- 
vson's affections, amW liati oraig. 

Affectionate (-et), adj. pryayarg,"^ 
yarg mTyasehi;* (mutually affec- 
tionate) herl-aseh-Jcasehan. 

Affianced (af-fi'anst), adj. her- 

Affidavit (af-fi-da'vit), s. surat 

Affiliate (af-fd'i-at), v. t. (adopt) 
argJcat anah: (attach to, unite 
with) huboigl'an drgan* 

Affinity (af-fin'i-ti), s. (kinship 
generally) persaudara'an,'^ Jcna- 
mrgna (B.), Jcrabat (Ar.) ; (con- 
nection) perdampiiganf^ hrapat- 
an,^ perliuboiyan. 

Affirm (af-ferm'), v. t. (ratify) 
tgohkan, ttapkan; (assert positive- 
ly) katakan drgan tntu, surggoh- 
kan, yakan. 

Affirmation (affer-ma'shi/n), s. 
ktgohan, kttapan, ktntuan. 

Affirmative (af-ferm'a-tiv), adj. 
yarg mryurggohkan, yarg mrgya- 

Affix (af-fiks'), v. t. (annex) hu- 
borgkan; (fasten) Ikatkan, tarn- 

pal; (as a plaster) Ikapkan. To 

affix a seal, buboh chap. 
Afflict (-flikf), V. t. susahkan, an^ 

iayakan, seksakan, sakiti, liai^- 

Affliction (-flik'shwn), s. ksusalian, 

seksa, balak (Ar. bald') ; (disease) 

Affluence (af 'flu-ens), s. (pro- 
fusion) klempahany* kmewahan; 

( wealth ) kkaya'a n . 
Affluent (-ent), adj. (abundant) 

me wall, lempali;'^ (rich) kaya. 
Afford (af-ford'), v. t. (give) bri; 

(stand, bear) tahan. Cannot 

afford, tiada mampu* tiada daya, 

ta' riipa. 
Affray (-fra'), s. perklahian, gadoh, 

pergadoh an, huru-hara. 
Affright (-frit'), v. t. kjotkan, bri 

takot, gntar'kan, pranjatkan, bri 

dalishat (Ar.). 
Affright, s. ktakotan, dalishat 

(Ar.), hebat (Ar. haibat). 
Affront (-frunf), v. t. bri malu, bri 

'aib (Ar.), 'aibkan (Ar.), biiat 

honar (Pers.). 
Affront, s. ararg di muka, 'aih 

(Ar.), honar (Pers.). 
Afghan (afgan), s. orarg Kabul 

Afire (a-fir'), adj. yaiy kna api. 
Aflame (-flam'), adj. berryah. 
Afloat (-fl5t'), adj. and adv. (float- 
ing) timhol; (adrift) haryut, ter- 

aporg-aporg;* (in circulation) ma- 

solior (Ar. mashhur). 
Afoot (-foot'), adv. berjalan kaki. 
Aforesaid (a-for'sed), adj. yarg 

tersbot di atas. 
Aforetime (-tim), adv. dliulu kola, 

pad a zaman dhulu, jman dliulu 

Afraid (a-frad'), adj. takot, rgri,* 

Afresh (-fresh'), adv. lagi skali, 

kmhali, s-mula. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, s5rry; iise, us, min^s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin theu. 




African (afri-kan), s. oraiy Kapri, 
oranj Jarggi,'^ otwg hitain. 

African marigold (mar'i-gold), s. 
burga talii aijam. 

Aft (aft), adv. (Xaut.) di Wakaig, 
di huritan. 

After (aft'er), prep, (of place) di 
blakarg; (following) migikut, m- 
nurut; (of time) Icmdian deri- 
pada, I pas, liabis, sudah; (ac- 
cording to) sperti, mnurut. kliex 
that, hmdian deri-^ada itu. After 
that — , s-tlah* hmdian deri-pada 
— . After eating, Ipas makan, 
habis makan. After 3 o'clock, 
Ifxis pukol tiga. What are you 
after? apa buat? One after an- 
other (successively) berganti-gan- 
ti, berturut-tuvut, bergilir-gilii'j* 
(in Indian file) berbuntut-buntut, 
berekor-ekov. After all (finally), 
akhir-iya (Ar.), lama-Mama an.* 
To go after, cliati, cJiarek (B.). 

After, adv. (of place) blakarg; (of 
time) kmdian. 

Afterbirth (-berth), s. uri. 

Afternoon (-n65n'), s. ptaiy, sore 
(X.I.) ; (noon to 3 p.m.) lohor* 
(Ar. tlohor) ; (3 to 6 p.m.) 'asar 
(At.) ; (6 to 6.30 p.m.) maghrib 
(Ar.). In the afternoon, pta^y- 

Afterthought (-thawt), s. fikiran 
yaig mndatarg. 

Afterwards (-werdz), adv. kmdian, 
kmdian den-pada itu, blakaiy, s- 
tlah itu,-" blakarg kali (X.I.). 

Again (a-gen'), adv. (back, in re- 
turn) kmbali; (once more) lagi s- 
kali; (moreover, besides) lagi, 
pnla. Over again, s-mula. Again 
and again, b&ndarg-ulatg. To 
do again and again, nlargkan. 
Now and again, kadary-kadary . As 
large again, dua kali bsar. Nev- 
er do it again, javgan skali-kali 
bvat lagi. To sleep again, balek 

tidor, tidor pida.* To happen 
again, mndua kali.'^ 

Against (a-gensf), prep, (upon, in 
contact with) pada, k-pada, akan;* 
(in opposition to) mlarggar, m- 
lawan. Over against, tntarg, dkat, 
di sisi.* Against the wind, m- 
njorgsorg atgin. The wind was 
against us, aryin salah. 

Agape (a-gap'), adj. (with astonish- 
ment) termatyu,* terblargu.* ' 

Agate (ag'et), s. 'akek kunirg. 

Age (aj), s. 'umor, usia (Sk.) ; 
(period, generation) zaman, jnian 
(B.). Of age, sudah sampai 
'iimor. Under age, blum sampai 
'umor. Middle age, sparoh 'umor. 
What is his age? brapa 'umor-tyaf 
The present age, zaman ini. Past 
ages, zaman dhulu. Twelve years 
of age, dua-blas tahun 'umor-iya. 
Age after age, zaman-ber zaman. 
He is of the same age as this man, 
'umor-iyo' s-baya oraiy ini. 

Age, V. i. jadi tua. 

Aged (a'jed), adj. tua. 

Agency (a'jen-si), s. wakil (Ar.), 
pkerja'an wakil* (Ar. wakil). 

Agenda (a-jen'da), s. pi. pkerja'an. 

Agent (a'j^nt). s. kuasa, wakil 
{kr.),aqen (N.I.) (B.). 

Aggrandize (ag'gran-diz), v. t. 
bsarkan, Ibehkan; (in rank) tiiggi- 

Aggrandizement (ag-gran'diz- 

ment), s. kbsaran, klhekan, ktirggi- 

Aggravate (ag'-gra-vat), v. t. (in- 
tensify) bratkan, Ibehkan, tarn- 
bahi; (irritate) bn marah, sakit- 
kan hati, gusarij* (as animals) 
galakkan; (of diseases) bntankan. 

Aggravation (-va'shwn), s. (act of 
intensifying) hal mmhraikan, hal 
mlbehkan; (that which aggra- 
vates) pnambah; (that which ir- 
ritates) kmarahan; (of disease) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Aggregate (ag'gre-gat), v. t. hum- | 
polkan, himpotd'cui. Aggregating | 
100 piculs, jmlah-nja* s-ratus 

Aggregate (-get), s. (assemblage) 
perkumpolan; (sum, total) jmlah 
(Ar.). In the aggregate, bersama- 

Aggression (ag-gresh'wn), s. srajy, 
xerbu, tmpoli. 

Aggressive (-gres'siv), adj. yarg 
uinjvarg, yarg hndak mlawan. 

Aggressor (-ser), s. pnjraiy, yarg 
terdhulu mlarggar. 

Aggrieve (ag-grev'), v. t. diika- 
chitakan (Sk.), susahi, susahlwi 
hafi orarg, hri niashglnd (Ar.). 

Aghast (a-gasf), adj. terclirgarg, 
ferpranjat, grun. 

Agila wood (a-ge'la wood), s. gha- 

Agile (aj'il or aj'il), adj. pxintas, 

Agility (a-jiri-ti), s. I'pantasan. 

Agitate (aj'i-tat), v. t. (move vio- 
lently) gonchaig; (disturb) ha- 
chau, hani;'^ (of liquids) I'ocliak; 
(discuss) hichaial-an. He was 
agitated, herdbar-lah hati-nja. 

Agitation (-ta'sh«n), s. (disturb- 
ance) gmpar, kacliau, hani-hiru,* 
nisoli :* (incitement) asuian, vsot- 
an (B.) ; (mental perturbation) 

Agitator (-ta-ter), s. pigasut, pig- 
usot (B.), prgachau, prgachurn* 

Agnostic (ag-nos'tik), s. yarg tiada 
migtaliui akan Allah* yarg m- 
jyargkal al-an Allah. 

Ago (a-go'), adv. dhulu, lalu. Tavo 
years ago, dua tahim lain. How 
long ago? bra pa lama dliidu? 
Long ago, lawa dhulu, lama sudali. 

Agonize (ag'o-niz), v. i. (be in 
agony) rasa'i sigsara (Sk.) ; (strive 
earnestly) bermati-mati, migglu- 
por (B.) ; (with contortions of the 
body) ronfa.* 

Agony (-ni), s. seksa, srgsara (Sk.), 
'azab"^ (Ar. 'adziib). 

Agrarian (a-grar'i-an), adj. deri- 
lial ladarg. Agrarian law, undarg' 
vndarg chochok-tanam.* 

Agree (a-gre'), v. i. (be in unison) 
berstuju, muafakat (Ar.) ; (con- 
sent) kabul* sudi, berknan, redla 
(Ar.) ; (promise) berjanji; (be 
suitable, as food or medicine) s- 
rasi; (coincide) stuju, sama; as, 
jam, ini tiada sama, these clocks do 
not agree. 

Agreeable (-a-bl), adj. (to the 
senses) sdap; (to the mind) ber- 
knan; (willing) sudi, kabul;* 
(conformable) s-tuju. 

Agreement (-m^^nt), s. (contract) 
perjanjian; (harmony) muafakat 
(Ar.) ; (concurrence) perstujuan. 

Agriculture (ag'ri-kul-chur), s. 
'iJmu* pladaig, 'ihnu* bertanam, 
' ilm u berchoch ok-tanam . 

Aground (a-grownd'), adv. (Naut.) 
terkandas, tersadai; (cast ashore, 
wrecked) terdampar. 

Ague (a'gu), s. dmam kura, dmam 

Ah (a), int. ah I hai! 

Aha (a-ha'), int. ivah! ambohi! 

Ahead (a-hed'), adv. (Naut.) (in 
front) di muka; (contrary, of 
wind) sakal; (in advance) di ha- 
dapan. To go ahead, berjalan 
dhulu. To go or get ahead of, 
mndhului; (surpass) alahkan* 
kalahkan (B.). To push a boat 
ahead, soroig. 

Ahem (a-hem'), int. daham. 

Aid (ad), v. t. tolotg, bantu. 

Aid, s. pevtolorgan, bantuan. 

Aide-de-camp (ad'd<?-kaN), s. ka- 
pif,'^ prgapit, prgiritg.* 

Aigrette (a'gret), s. jambul; (arti- 
ficial) tajok,* jumbai.* 

Ail (al), V. i. rasa sakit, sakit. 

Ailment (al'm^nt), s. pryakit. 

Aim (am), v. i. (by closing one 

rate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve. hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, ns, minus, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




eye) hedeh;* (direct a missile 

or weapon) tuju; (endeavour) 

choha; (by magic) tileJc. 
Aim, V. t. tujukan, lialakan* 
Aim, 3. (intention) Icahandak, mak- 

Slid, kasad (Ar.), hajat (Ar.) ; 
(direction) liala,* tujuan. 
Aimless (iim'les), adj. ia'tntu liala- 

7ya/-' tatntu avail, tatntu tuju-iya. 
Air (ar), s, (atmosphere) udara, 

hawa; (air in motion) aiyin; 

(tune) lagu, ragam; (appearance') 

rupa, cliara. To take fresh air, 

mal'an argin, amhil angin. Airs 

(affected manner), muka-muka, 

ragam. To put on airs, mragam, 

bersikap,^ bersolek* 
Air, V. t. (expose to the air) atgin- 

kan; (expose to heat) diarg* 

gaiggarg; (expose to the sun) 

jmor; (hang on a line) sidai.* 
Air-bubble (-bub-bl), s. (as in 

glass) 7nerteli.* 
Air-cushion (-koosh-wn), s. hantal 

glniborg, hantal ghot."^ 
Airship (-ship), s. kapal terharg, 

kapal udara, helun herjntra (E. 

Air-tight (-tit), s. kjap,"" tiada 

holeli masok aiyin, taHlap.^ 
Airing (-ing), s. To take an airing, 

makan argin, amhil aigin. 
Airy (-i), adj. (open to the air) 

heranjin; (delicate of texture) 

Aisle (il), s. (passage between 

•seats) lororg antara kursi [krosi 

.(B.)]. . 
Ajar (a-jar'), adj. rrggaig, her- 

Akimbo (a-kim'bo), adv. berchkak 

pitggarg, hertlkan jmggaiy* 
Akin (a-kin'), adj. (of blood re- 
lations) ber.saudara, hersanak;"^ 

(similar to) s-rupa, s-macham, s'- 

Alabaster (alVbas'ter), s. hatu 

pualam* (Tam.). 

Alacrity (a-lak'ri-ti), s. (briskness) 

kpa n fasa n : ( cage rness ) yakin 
Alarm (a-larm'), v. t. (arouse to 

vigilance) jagakan, kjotkan; 
(disturb, cause excitement) ym- 

parkan; (frighten) gertakkan,' hri 

iakot, hri dahsliat (Ar.), kaget 

(X.I.). Alarmed, terpranjat, ier^ 

kjot, rgri^ 
Alarm, s. (fear) ktakotan, rgri,'^ 

gru n , dahsli at ( Ar. ) ; ( warning 

signal) smhoyan* 
Alarm clock (klok), s. jam smbo- 

yan,"^ jam piyjot tidor* 
Alarmist (-istj, s. prggertak, pm- 

ranjat, piygmpar. 
Alarum (a-lar'wm), s. smboyan* 
Alas (a-las'), int. ay oh, adolii, sa^ 

yarg, wahai.* 
Albatross (al'ba-tros), s. s-jnis 

hnrorg chamar yaig bsar skali.'^ 
Albeit (awl-be'it)^ conj. surggoh pun. 
Albino (al-be'no, u. s. al-bi'no), s. 

orarg sabon,* oraig balar;* (of 

buffaloes) halar.'^ 
Album (arbwm), s. buku kosorg 

bagi"^ gamhar, etc. \kerna (B.)]. 
Albumen (Td-bii'men), s. (white of 

an Qgg) put eh tlor. 
Alchemist (al'ke-mist), s. tukarg 

kimia (Ar.). 
Alchemy (-mi), s. 'ilmu kimia 

Alcohol (-ko-hol), s. pati arak,*" 

rachun arak (B.). 
Alcove (-kov), s. (recess in a room) 

chrok, anak bilek;* (garden bow- 
er) halai jamhaiyan,* pun j org* 
Alderman (awrder-man), s. sidarg 

majlis bandar * 
Ale (al), s. bir (E.). 
Alert (a-lerf), adj. (watchful) ber- 

irgat, jaga; (brisk) pantas, taiy- 

Alexander (al'ekz-an'der), s. 7s- 

kandar (Ar.). Alexander the 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




G-reat, Isl^andar dzu 'l-karnain 

Alexandria (-dri-a), s. Ishandanali 

Algebra (iirje-bra), s. 'ilmu 'l-}ahr 

Alias (a'li-as), s. nama palsu. 

Alibi (al'i-bi), s. Jdrargan tiada ha- 
dlir pada tmpat di-tudoh* 

Alien (a'li-en or aryen), adj. (for- 
eign) dagatrj; (different, incon- 
gruous) Iain, herlainan. 

Alien, s. orarg asiiy* orary Muar- 
an,^ oratg dagatg. 

Alienable (-a-bl), adj. ya)g holeh 

Alienate (-at), v. t. (transfer pro- 
perty) jual, smhkan; (the atfec- 
tions) janhlwi liati oraig. 

Alienation (-a'sli^/n), s. (of pro- 
perty) hal nuhjual, hal miyraWkan-; 
(of the affections) jauli liati, per- 
s t man * m ufa rraluh ( Ar . ) . 

Alight (a-lif), V. i. (spring down) 
ierjun, trujiai (B.), tunin; (of 
Idrds) Jiirggap. 

Alight, adj. terpasaig. 

Align (a-lin'), v. t. htull-an haris, 
htidl-an hanjar/^ lunisl'an jajar,^ 
htullx-an nirai.^ 

Alignment (-ment), s. haris yarg 
htul, hanjar yarg lurits;* (act of 
aligning) hal mmMull'ati hanjar.^ 

Alike (a-]ik'), adj. s-rupa, s- 
macliam, sama. Somewhat alike, 
akan-akan sama,* inau dkat sama 

Alike, adv. sama. 

Aliment (ari-ment), s. makanan, 
rjki (Ar. rizki), jerki (B.). 

Alimentary (-men'ta-ri), adj. yarg 
mnjadi makanan. 

Alimony (-mo-ni), s. hlanja, naf- 
kah (Ar.). 

Alive (a-liv'), adj. (living) liidop, 
berhayat (Ar.), henyawa; (lively) 
pantas, chakatan* To keep alive 
(as fire or affection), Jiidopkan. 

Alkali (arka-ll), s. garam ahu. 

All (awl), adj. (of persons or things 
considered individually) smoa, s- 
gala, somethnes followed by &- 
laka;* (more emphatic) sklian; 
(all over a surface) slur oh, as, 
slur oh bumi, all over the earth; 
sluroh badan, sluroh tuhoh* all 
over the body; (the whole of any- 
thing) s-gnap, as, s-gnap perhim- 
ponan, all the assembly; (of du- 
ration or length) s-panjarg, as, s- 
panjarg hari, all day; s-panjarg 
jalan, all the way. Other com- 
pounds of s- are frequently used to 
express all, as, s'isi rumah, all 
those in the house; diyan s-bulat 
hati, with all one's heart ; drgan 
s-habis-habis kuasa-rya, with all his 
power; drgan s-pnoh-pnoh, harap, 
with all confidence; s-malam-^na- 
laman, all night. All alone, s- 
batmg karah. All but, njaris/-^ 
hampir. All over, s-rata-rata 
tmpat; (prep.) sluroh, antero 
(^.I.). All sorts of, berbagai- 
bagai, plbagai,* serba. On all 
fours, mraigkak. All of them, 
ksmoa-nja. All at once, s-kali gas. 
All together, s-rmpak. All of a 
sudden, pada s-ktika. 

All, adv. (entirely) s-mata-mata."^ 

Allay (al-hV), v. t. (quiet) diam- 
kan; (appease) puaskan; (evil 
feelings) padamkan; (alleviate) 
kuratgkan, snargkan. 

Allegation (arie-ga'shwn), s. k- 
trajgan, akvan. 

Allege (al-lej'), v. t. katakan drgan 
tntu, lyatakan, tranjkan, inrgaku. 

Allegiance (-le'jans), s. stia,* bakti 

Allegorise (al'le-go-rlz), v. i. 'iba' 
rat kan, mesalkan, misalkan ((B.), 
klaskan (Ar.). 

Allegory (-ri), s. perumpamfi'an,* 
'iharat, mesalan (Ar. mithal), kias 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Alleviate (al-le'vi-at), v. t. kiirary- 
kan, reniankan. 

Alley (al'li), s. lovoiy. Blind alley, 
loroirj s-krat, jalan huntu. 

Alliance (al-li'ans), s. (union) per- 
hvhonjan, perskutuaii;'^ (league, 
compact) perjanjian stia* mua- 
fakat (Ar.). 

Alligator (al'li-ga-ter), s. huaija. 

Alliteration (al-lit'er-a'slmn), s. 
ulargan liuruf yarg sama bunji.'^ 

Allocate (ril'lo-kat), v. t. hhagikan, 

Allocation (-ka'shwn), s. (arrange- 
ment) peraturari'; (allotment) 
hhaqian, imtok. 

Allot (al-lof), V. t. (distribute) 
bhagikan, untokkan; (assign, ap- 
point) tntnkan. 

Allotment (-ment), s. bhagian, un- 
tok, habuan* 

Allow (al-low'), Y. t. (give, grant) 
bri, kasi (B.) ; (as a deduction) 
potoiy, tolak; (permit) luluskan,'^ 
bnarkan, Ipaskan, biar, kasi (B.) ; 
(acknowledge) migaku. To allow 
to leave, Ipas kJuar. 

Allowable (-a-bl), adj. (permis- 
sible) boleh di-bri, lulus;* (law- 
ful) halal. 

Allowance (-ans), s. (quantity al- 
lowed, of food) plabur,'* msara* 
{Kv. mushaharat) ; (of money) 
bJanja; (deduction) potorgan. 

Alloy (al-loi'), s. (compound of 
metals) panclia-logam'* (Tam.) ; 
(admixture) chanipuran. Gold 
alloy, snasa. 

Alloy, V. t. champur. 

Allude (-lud'), v. i. baiva cliakap; 
as, mmbaiva cliakap deri-lial sianu, 
to allude to Mr. so-and-so. 

Allure (-lur'), v. t. (entice by bait) 
umpankan; (by a decoy) pikat;* 
(by familiarising) jinak-jinakkan; 
(bv sounds) dkut* kesek* 

Allurement (-ment), s. umpan, 

Allusion (al-lu'zli?/n), see allude. 

Alluvial (-vi-al), s. kukop* Allu- 
vial soil, tanak 'nap* 

Ally (rd-ir), v. t. liuborg, huboig^ 

Ally (al'li), s. pmbantu, pnolonj, s- 
/t /////.* 

Almanac (awl'ma-nak), s. takwim 

Almeirah (al-mfra), s. almari^ 
Imari; (for crockery) grobokJ* 

Almighty (awl-mit'i), adj. yarg- 
VI alia kiiasa. 

Almond (a'm^nd), s. badani* The 
'Indian almond, ktapaig. AlmoncJ 
eyes, mata sepet. 

Almost (awl'most), adv. hampir^ 
dkat, njaris* chmas;* (almost hit- 
ting a mark) sipi. 

Alms (amz), s. sdkali, derma (Sk.) ; 
(poor rate, incumbent on Mos- 
lems) zakat (Ar.), To distribute- 
alms, dadar.'* 

Almsgiving (amz'giv-ing), s. mm- 
bri sdkaliy mndadar.'^ 

Almshouse (-hows), s. rumali luakaf 
bagi orarg miskin.* 

Aloe (al'o), s. (Aloe ferox) lidah 
buaga. Extract of aloes, jadam. 

Aloes-wood (al'oz-wood), s. (the 
fragrant wood found in knots on 
the karas tree, Aquilaria malac- 
cense) gharu. 

Aloft (a-loff), adv. di atas, k'atas; 
(Xaut.) di tiarg. To go aloft,. 
naih tiarg. 

Alone (a-lon'), adj. (solitary) tuig^ 
gal, s' orarg diri, terkoteig-ko^ 
tergr (only) saliaja. All alone, 
s-baiarg karah, s-batarg galah* 

Along (a-long'), prep, mnurut, as^ 
mnuriit jalan, along the road. 
All along the road, s-panjarg-pan^ 
jaig jalan. See below. 

Along, adv. (lengthwise) pada bu- 
jor;* (onward) k-hadapan. To 
go along the edge of, mnjusor; as, 
mtyusor pantai, along the shore. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; Ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, aore. sort, sorry; use, us, mim/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Along with, serta drgan, hserta. 

All along (of time), slalu, s- 

meiitatg: (of direction) s-panjarg. 
Alongside (-sId'), adv. di sisi*_ di 

tpi. To bring alongside, kpilkan.'^ 
Aloof (a-loof), adv. jauh sdikit. 

To hold aloof, tarelc diri. 
Aloud (a-lowd'), adv. drgan suara 

yaig ryarirg. 
Alpaca (al-pak'a), s. s-jnis I'ain 

Alphabet (arfa-bet), s. alif-ba-ta^^ 
Alphabetical (-bet'i-kal), adj. In 

alphabetical order, mnurut susun- 

an huruf* 
Already (awl-red'i), adv. memarg, 

sdia, sdia sudali. 
Also (awl'so), adv. and conj. pun, 

pida, juga, lagi. 
Altar (awTter or ol'ter), s. tmpat 

korban (Ar.), tmpat persmhlelian, 

mizhali^ (Ar. niidzhaii). 
Alter, V. t. ohahhan; (of position) 

aleli;"^ (amend, improve) pinda;* 

see CHANGE. 

Alter, V. i. herohah. 

Alteration (-a'slmn), s. obalian, 
pinda a7i.'^ 

Altercation (-ka'shzm), s. pertig- 
Icaran, perhantalian/^ perbabilan* 

Alternate (ol-ter'net), adj. yarg 
h erg anting anti, hergilir-gilir* her- 
slanj. Alternate days, slarg s-liari, 
hersJarg-slaig liari, lat s-liari. 

Alternate (ol'ter-nat), v. i. ganti- 
herganti, herganti-ganti, berlat-lat. 

Alternation (-na'shwn), s. per- 

Alternative (ol-ter'na-tive), s. (one 
of two things offered to one's 
choice) saJah satu; (thing offered 
in place of another) gantian. You 
may choose either alternative, bo- 
leli pileh salah-satu-nja. There is 
no alternative, tiada jalan lain. 

Although (awl-fAo'), conj. mski, 
mshi-pun, surggoli, surggoh-pun, 
jikalau. . . .skali-pun, as, jikalau 

sluroh tanah Jaiva itu skali-pun, 

although the whole of Java; padot 

Jial* as, although he is not guilty 

he professes to be so, ia mrgaku 

din-nja bersalah pada hal tiada 

Altitude (al'ti-tud), s. tiiggi. 
Altogether (awl'too-gef/t'er), adv. 

s-niata-mata, skali. 
Altruism (al'troo-izm), s. hal mn- 

chari faidah orarg lain. 
Alum (al'^/m), s. taivas. 
Aluminium (-u-min'i-ian), s. s-jnis 

timah yaig amat reiyan. 
Alumnus (a-lum'n^/s), s. anak sko- 

I ah, murid. 
Always (awl'waz), adv. slalu, sn~ 

tiam (Sk.), snntiasa (Sk.), sdia^ 

kala iSk.), malar, ^ madary,* s- 

memarg. To be always doing, 

slaroh,^ mnjlaroh.^ To be always- 
using, IJarkan.'^ 
Am (am), see be. 
Amalgam (a-margam), s. cham- 

puran raksa. 
Amalgamate (-at), v. t. (of 

metals) chanipur drgan raksa; 

(combine, unite) huhorgkan,. 

Amalgamation (-a'shwn), s. (of 

metals) hal mnchampur drgan 

raksa; (combination) perhuboigan,. 

Amanuensis (a-man'u-en'sis), s.. 

Amass (a-mas'), v. t. kumpolkan, 

himponkan,"^ timbonkan, kamporg- 

Amateur (am'a-tur), s, oraig yarg 

bkerja atau bermain drgan tiada 

mnrima upah. 
Amatory (-to-ri), adj. yaig mn- 

dataiykan brahi,'^ deri-hal brahi,* 

drgan 'ashik, (Ar.). 
Amaze (a-maz'), v. t. chrgaiykan, 

bri hairan, t'ajiibkan (Ar.). 

Amazed, terchrgaiy, t'ajub (Ar.),. 

(Ar.), termargu-margu.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Amazement (-ment), s. hairan, 
chnjojy, fa Jul) (Ar.). 

Amazon (am'a-ZMn), s. soldado 

Ambassador (am-bas'sa-der), s. 
utiisan* ival'il Jiraja'an* 

Amber (am'ber), s. amhar (Ar. 

Ambergris (-gres), s. attibar, 'anhar 

Ambidextrous (am'bi-deks'triis), 
adj. i/arg targan-nja sama huat. 

Ambiguous (am-big'u-ws), adj. 
jjan) dim inana-rya, ya?y ta'tntu 
arfi-tya/umvm'^' ( Ai\ ghumiwi ?). 

Ambition (-bish'wn), s. h'iiyinan 
tirggi, liimmah iirggi* 

Ambitious (-ws), adj. .yaig irgiu 
akan Jchsaran atau I'uasa, yarg mn- 
chari nama, yaty herhirnmah tirg- 

Amble (ani'bl), v, i. herjalan seiget. 

Amboina (am-boi'iia), s. Amhon. 

Ambulance (am'bu-kns), s. hreta 
hagi oratg sakit atau lul'a. 

Ambuscade (-bws-kad'), s. pasohan 

Ambush (am'boosh), s. piyndap. 

Ambush, v. t. 'ndap, adarg* dtyan 

.Ameliorate (a-meryo-rat or a-mer- 
i-o-rat), V. t. haikJci, pinda* 

Amen (a-men'), int. amin (Ar.). 

Amenable (a-men'a-bl), adj. (to 
law or government) dalam pr en- 
tail, dalaniA huJcum; (liable to 
trial) holeh kna hichara; (tract- 
able) snaty di-patah* suka mnurut 
ajaran, yaty mmgar kaia. 

-Amend (a-mend'), v. t. daikki, 
htnlkan, pin da.* 

-Amendment (-ment), s. perohah- 
an, pinda* pAndaan* 

Amends (a-mendz'), s. (compen- 
sation) halasan. To make amends, 
ganti krugian, hayar diat (Ar.). 

Amenity (a-men'i-ti), s. laku yary 
manis, Imali-lmbot. 

Amerce (a-mers'), v. t. dndakan. 
America (a-mer'i-ka), s. Amerika, 

negri Merikan. 
American (-kan), s. oraty Amerika, 

oraiy Merikan. 
Amethyst (am'-e-thist), s. hatu k- 

Amiability (a'mi-a-biri-ti), s. laku 

yaig manis, pigaselian. 
Amiable (-bl), adj. yarg manis 

lakii-iya, haik laku, herpryasehan. 
Amicable (am'i-ka-bl), adj. (friend- 
ly) hersahahat,* hersohat (B.), 

Amid (a-mid'), prep, di try ah, di 

antara, dalam. 
Amidships (-ships), adv. (Naut.) 

di pminjganjan. 
Amidst (a-midsf), prep, di trgah, 

di antara, dalam. 
Amiss (a-mis'), adj. and adv. 

(wrong) salah; (improper) ta'- 

patut, tasnonoh; (out of order) 

takna. 'To take amiss, herkchil- 

Amity (am'i-ti), s. persahabatan* 

Ammonia (am-mo'ni-a), s. garam 

knchiig kuda. Salts of ammonia, 

sadir* (Pers. nushddir), yarain 

Ammunition (am'mu-nisli''Mn), s. 

(military stores) alat pprargan;* 

(cartridges) patrum,* kertus,* 

plum, pel or (N.I.) (Port, pelou- 

Amnesty (-nes-ti), s. ampun deri- 

pada krajaan, maliap hagi orarg 

Among (a-mnng'), prep, di tiyah, 

di antara, dalam. 
Amongst (a-mungsf), = among, 

q. V. 
Amorous (am'o-rws), adj. hralii,* 

'asliik (Ar.). 
Amount (a-mownf), s. (total) jm- 

lah (Ar.) ; (quantity) baryak. 

•ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Amount, v. i. (reach) jadi, sampai 
al'an.'^ To amount to (aggre- 
gate), jmJah (Ar.). It amounts 
to nothing, tiada herfaidali sat a 
pun, taapa guna-nja (B.). 

Amphibious (am-fib'i-ws), adj. yarg 
boleh liidop di laid dan darat pun. 

Ample (am'pl), adj. (spacious) 
Japai-g, Iga, luas; (sufficient) chu- 
I'op, pada* 

Amplify (-pli-fl), v. t. lanjutkan 
chnta, panjarglwi kalamj* shurah 

Amplitude (-tud), s. Uuasan, Tc- 
I a pa rg an. 

Amply (-pH), adv. (sufficiently) 

Amputate (-pu-tat), v. t. 'krat, po- 
tonj, hodoigkan, kudorglwi (B.). 

Amputation (-ta'shz/n), s. lial 

Amuck (a-muk'). To run amuck, 

Amulet (am'u-Iet), s. iwgkal, 'azi- 
mat (Ar.). 

Amuse (a-miiz'), v. t. sukakan liati, 
bri tertawa, glikan hati. 

Amusement (-ment), s. (that 
which amuses) ksuka'an, kg mar- 
an* prggli hati;* (pastime) per- 

Amusing (-ing), adj. jmemawa* 
prggli hati, sronok.* 

An (an), see a. 

Anachronism (an-ak'ro-nizm), s. 
silap fasal peraturan masa.* 

Anaemia (a-ne'mi-a), s. kurarg da- 
rah, sriat (W.). 

Anaemic (-mik), adj. puchat Isi.* 

Anaesthetic (an'es-th'et'ik), s. hius* 
(Pers. Mhaush) ; (narcotics used 
by thieves) skuf,* pukaii. 

Analogous (a-naro-gus), adj. her- 
stuju, sama. 

Analogy (-ji), s. (resemblance) 
umpama (Sk.), perbandirgan, me- 
sal, misal (B.) (Ar. mithal), Hba- 
rat, tamsil* (Ar. tamthil). 

Analysis (-i-sis), s. hal mmbuka 
dan mmrel:sa sgala\ bliagian yarg 
mnjadikan s-suatu;* (Gram.) 
'irab (Ar.). 

Analyze (an'a-liz), v. t. pchahkan 

Anarchist (an'ark-ist), s. orarg 
yarg ta'mau turut prentah, orarg 

Anarchy (-i), s. hani-biru,* hiirii- 
hara, derhaka. 

Anathema (a-nath'e-ma), s. kutok^ 
sum pall, Vanat (Ar.). 

Anatomize (a-nat'o-miz), v. t. 
(dissect) lapah* prggal-piygal;* 
I (discriminate minutely) slidek,*' 
siasat (Ar.). 

Anatomy (-mi), s. 'ilmu slerali arg~ 

Ancestor (an'ses-ter), s. nenek^ 
moyarg, datok-nenek* 

Ancestral (an-ses'tral), adj. (in- 
herited) psaka. Ancestral cus- 
toms, 'adat nenek-moyaig. An- 
cestral worship, hal mrymbali ne~ 

Ancestry (an'ses-tri), s. (ancestral 
lineage) asal; (race, descent) 
bargsa. Of noble ancestry, ber- 
bargsa, bargsawan,* turunan haik- 
baik (B.). 

Anchor (ang'ker), s. saidi. To cast 
anchor, buaig sauh, labohlcan sauli^ 
berlaboJi. To weigh anchor, borg- 
kar sauh. 

Anchorage (-ej), s. labohan, pla- 

Anchorite (-ko-rit), s. (hermit) 
oraig hertapa, zahid (Ar.). 

Anchovy (an-cho'vi), s. ikan bilis. 

Ancient (an'shent), adj. (aged) 
tua; (opposed to modern) dliulu 
kala: (of long duration) lama. 

And (and), conj. dan, pun, serta, 
drgan, lagi, sraya;* pun always fol- 
lows the noun or pronoun to which 
it refers. The conjunction is omit- 
ted in such phrases as: tua muda. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin f7?en. 




old and young; siaty malam, day 

and night; anak-bini, wife and 

children : pergi anibil, go and get. 

Andiron (and'i-ern), s. galary kayu 

Anecdote (an'ek-dot), s. chrita, 
k'esali . 

Anemone (a-nem'o-ni), s. Sea 
anemone, hitran* 

Aneroid (an'e-roid), pnimhary u- 

Aneurism (an'u-rizm), s. hisul di 
urat darah, hrykak urat darah. 

Anew (a-nu'), adv. (over again) 
lagi s-kali, s-mula, pula, hmhali 
(X.I.) ; (in a new form) hharu. 

-Angel (an'jel), s. mla'ikat. The 
angel of death, malaku 'l-maid 

Angelic (an-Jerik), adj. mla'ihat 
(a), sperti mla'ikat. 

Anger (ang'ger), s. marah, amamh* 
panas liati, liaryat liaii,^ giisar* 
ryrin;* (resentful anger) gram; 
(of God or kings) murka (Ar.). 

Angle (-gi), s. (corner) pnjuru, 
hnchu* sudut;* (bend) siku. 

Angle, V. i. miya'il, pancliiry. 

Angler (-gler), s. prgail. 

Anglican (-gli-kan), adj. hyyris. 

Anglicize (-siz), v. t. buat cliara 

Angry (ang'gri), adv. marali, gu- 
sar* lyrin;* (resentful) gram; (of 
God or kings) miirka (Ar.). To 
be angry with, gnsari* To be an- 
gry, vaik marah; (stronger) m- 
radarg, mmheraiy, riaik mradary, 
naik heraty; (of princes) her- 

-Anglo- (-glo), Irggiis. 

Anguish (-gwish), s. (physical 
pain) hisa, seksa, s?ysara (Sk.) ; 
(mental suffering) susah liati, k- 

Angular (-gu-ler), adj. (pointed) 
ranchojy* renchoiy;* (lean) ku- 

Animadversion (an'i-mad-ver'- 

sh?/n), s. tguran, hardek,^' chla. 
Animal (an'i-mal), s. hinataig, hai- 

wan (Ar.). Wild animals in 

general, mergastiia (Sk.). Do- 
mestic animals, hinatatg jinak. 

Savage animals, hinatarg buas. 

Wild animals, hinatarg liar. 
Animal, adj. binaiarg (a), chara 

binatary. The animal, passions, 

liawa nafsu. Animal food, dagity. 
Animalcule (-markul), s. kjadian 

yary amat lialm, kuman, hama. 
Animate (-mat), v. t. (give life) 

hidopkan; (stimulate) yrakkan 

Animated (-ed), adj. berliati hidop, 

c]ie?kas* pantas. 
Animation (-ma'sh?/n), s. ksgaran, 

rxnii yatg sgar. 
Animism (-mizm), s. perchaya 

akan s}iia?yat dan hantu. 
Animosity (-mos'i-ti), s. (hatred) 

bnclii; (enmity) perstruan* 
Animus {-mm), s. (intention) 

maksud, mat; (temper) marah. 
Anise (an'is), s. (Pimpinella ani- 

sum) jintan manis. Chinese anise 

(Illicium anisatum) adas manis. 
Aniseed (-i-sed), s. biji adas manis, 

biji jintan manis; see above. 
Ankle (ang'kl), s. perylaryan kaki.* 

Ankle bone, buku tali* mata kaki. 
Anklet (-klet), s. ylaiy kaki, kron- 

Annals (an'nolz), s. hikayat, tawa- 

rikh (Ar.), sjarah (Ar.). 
Anneal (an-nel'), v. t. spoil. 
Annex (-neks'), v. t. (affix) huboiy- 

ka/n, sambo rykan : (add) tamhahi. 
Annexation (an'neks-a'shtin), s. 

Annihilate (an-m'hi-lat), v. t. ti- 

adakan, binasakan-r . tumpaskan, 

liapuskan, jhannani kan. 
Annihilation (-la'shtin), s. kbi- 

nasaan, k tiada'a n . * 

:ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, miuMS, cure, injure, 

hurry; fodd, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Anniversary (ari'iii-ver'sa-ri), s. 

ulatgan iahuti, see axnual. 
.Anno- Domini (aii'no dom'i-nl), 

fakun. Tuhaa, taril'h Msihi (Ar.). 
Annotate (an'iio-tat), v. t. rn ana- 
Ian (Ar.), tafsirl-an (Ar.). 
Annotation (-ta'sh^/n), s. tafsir 

Announce (an-uowns'), v. t. Wia- 

harl'an, hri tahu, uialumkan 
.- (Ar.), siarkan, warwarkan* srii- 

Announcement (-ment), s. khabar, 

perkhabaran, hrita (Sk.). 
Annoy (-noi'), v. t. usek, susahi, 

Annoyance (-aiis), s. itsek, susah, 

Annual (an'yu-al), adj. (each year) 

tiap-tiap s-iaJmn ; (lastiiifr a year) 

s-iahun. Annual assessment, cliu- 

kai s-tahun. Annual feast, kndiiri 

hoi* ( Ar. Haul - year) . 
Annuity (an-nu'i-ti), s. penchen 

(E.), pansiun (X.I.). 
Annul (an-nul'), v. t. (reduce to 

nothing) tiadakaii; ) (obliterate) 

hapuskari;* (make void) buaiykan, 

batalkan; (abrogate) mansukhkan 

Annular (an'yu-ler), adj. her- 

Annunciation (an-nun'si-a'shzin), 

s. perkhabaran, brlta (Sk.). 
Anodyne (an'o-din), s. pnaivar, 

obat yaiy miyhilaiykan ksakitan. 
Anoint (a-noinf), v. t. mityakki; 

(with a cosmetic or perfume) 

urap, raksir 
Anomalous (a-nom'a-lws), adj. 

tiada bperaturan* ganjil, lain 

deri-pada 'adat, plek* 
Anomaly (-li), s. perkara yaiy lain 

deri-pada 'ad at. 
Anon (a-non'), adv. (soon) sgra. 

Ever and anon, kadarg-kadaixj, 

krap kali, krap-krap, srirg kali 


Anonymous {-i-mm), adj. tiada 
bernania. Anonymous letter, su- 
rat glap, svrat terbarg,* surat ra- 
chun aryin* 

Another (an-uf/t'er), adj. (one 
more) lagi satu; (different) lain. 
One after another, I pas salu satu, 
berturut-tarut, bertubi-tubi* One 
thing or another, tasatu satu. 

Answer (an'ser), s. jawab, sahutan, 

Answer, v. t. jaivab akan, sahuti. 
To answer a letter, balaskan surat. 

Answer, v. i. jawab, bri jawab, 
saliut. To answer for (be respon- 
sible), taiygorg, mrgaku, jamin. 

Answerable (-a-bl), adj. (respon- 
sible) ya^y miyaku, yary mnary- 
gory; (proportionate) s-kadar 
(Ar.). I am answerable for that, 
aku-lah yary mnaryyoiy lial itu, 
hal itu di atas aku. 

Ant (ant), s. smut. Flying ants, 
klkatu.* The large red ant, krryya. 
White ants (termites), anai-anai,* 
smut puteh (B.),rayap (X.I.). 

Antagonist (an-tag'o-nist), s. la- 
wan, strii.* 

Antagonistic (-nis'tik), adj. yary 
mlairan, berstru,* bantaJian.* 

Antarctic (ant-ark'tik), adj. kutub 
slatan* (a). 

Ant-eater (ant'et-er), s. tiyyiliry. 

Antecedent (an'te-sed'ent), adj. 
yary terdhulu, yaiy mndhnlui.* 

Antechamber (-cham-ber), s. bi- 
lek luar, balal mnanti.* 

Antedate (-daf), v. t. dhidukan 

Antediluvian (-di-lii'vi-an), adj. 
yaiy dhulu deri-pada zaman nabi 

Antelope (-lop), s. kambiry hutan, 
kambinj yrun.* 

Antenna (an-ten'na), s. (pi. an- 
tenna?) smyut-suiyut,* patil.* 

Anterior (-ter'i-er), adj. (in time) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t^ien. 




yart) Urdhulu; (in place) yaty 

di hadapan. 
Anteroom (an'te-room), s. hileh 

luar, halai mnanti* 
Anthem (an'them), s. (Moslem 

chant of praise to God) dzikir 

(Ar.). National anthem, lagu 

Anther (-ther), s. hujojy sulor 

Ant-hill (ant'-hil), s. husut, porg- 

Anthracite (an'thra-sit), s. arajy 

bat a yary hras. 
Anthropology (an'thro-pol'o-ji), s. 

'ihnu'^ manusia. 
Anthropomorphism (-po-mor'- 

fizni), s. pnjlmaan (Sk.). 
Antic (an'tik), s. Jclakar, lawalc 


Antichrist (an'ti-krist), s. lawan 
Almaseli, Almasehu 'd-dajjal 
(Ar.), si-da jal* 

Antichristian (-kris'chan) , adj. 
yaty mJawan agama Msihi* {Jcris- 
ten (B.)]. 

Anticipate (an-tis'i-pat), v. t. (be 
beforehand) dhului; (foresee) 
irgat dliulu, sargha. I did not an- 
ticipate that it would rain, sahya 
ta'sargka hndah Imjan. 

Anticipation (-pa'shi/n), s. pn- 
dhiduan,* sargJca. To thank in 
anticipation, mniima I'aseh terlbeh 

Antidote (an'ti-dot), s. pnaivar ra- 

Antimacassar (-ma-kas'ser), s. 
kain lapeh hpala. 

Antimony (-mo-ni), s. hatu Sara- 
ivak* hatu chlak* 

Antipathy (an-tip'a-thi), s. (ha- 
tred) bnclii; (repugnance) gli- 
glnian* gli-gman. 

Antipodes (-o-dez), s. sblali sana 
bumi; (something contrary) ber- 
lairian skali. 

Antiquarian (an'ti-kwar'i-an), adj, 
deri'lial perkara zaman* dhulu 
[jman (B.)]. 

Antiquated (-kwat-ed), adj. sudah 
tua, sudah lama, sudah 'umor. 

Antique (an-tek'), adj. tua, lama, 

Antiquity (-tik'wi-ti), s. (ancient 
times) dhidu kola, zaman dhuhi,*' 
jman dhulu (B.), perba-kala 

Antiseptic (an'ti-sep'tik), adj. yaiy 
mrghilargkan busok. 

Antithesis (an-tith'e-sis), s. (of 
words) perbandlrgan;'^ (contrast) 

Antler (ant'ler), s. tandok rusa 
yarg berchabaig, tandok berchrary- 

Anus (a'nzis), s. klpasan* jubor*' 
(Ar. dubur). 

Anvil (an'vil), s. landasan,'^ plan- 

Anxiety (ang-zi'e-ti), s. (dis- 
quietude) khuatir, bimbarg, gon^ 
dah-gaidanu;'^ (eagerness) rindu, 
geraig (N.I.). 

Anxious (angk'sht/s), adj. (dis- 
quieted) kliuatir, bimhaiy, ber- 
gondah hati;'^ (desirous) rindu. 

Any (en'i), adj. and pron. bararg^ 
s-bararg; (one of a number) salah 
satu, salah s'orarg.^ At any time, 
bararg bda,'^ bila-bila pun (B.). 
Any kind of, s-baraig, s-nika* In 
many phrases this word requires- 
no equivalent in Malay, as, have 
you any more? ada-kah lagif I 
cannot bear it any longer, sahya 
taboleh tahan lagi. Any, with a ne- 
gative, is translated by the phrase,. 
satu pun tidak or tiada, as, I do 
not see any, satu pun tiada aku 
Anybody (-bod-i), s. barafg siapa, 

bararg s'orary* s'oratg pun. 
Anyhow (-how), adv. bgimana pun. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; lise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Anyone (-wnn), s. haraty siapa, 
hararg s'oranj/^ s'orarg pun. 

Anything (-thing), s. haraty apa, 
haranj s-suatn* apa-apa. Any- 
thing but (not at all), slcali-kali 

Anywhere (-whar), adv. hamry di 
mana pun, di niana-niana pun. 

Aorta (a-or'ta), s. urat nadi hsar,^ 
urat herdntyut.^ 

Apace (a-pas'), adv. clipat, sgra, 

Apart (a-parf), adv. (separately) 
berasi'ty;* (independently) satu- 
satu, asirg-asiry; (separated by in- 
tervals) nggarg. To set apart, 
sblahlaan, asirgl'an.'^ 

Apartment (-ment), s. hilel-, Icamar 
(N.I.) (D.). 

Apathetic (ap'a-thet'ik), adj. lalai, 
alpa* tiada pduli, tiada herrasa. 

Apathy (-thi), s. alpa (Sk.), lalai. 

Ape (ap), s. J7iis muryit yaig tiada 
berekor. For various species see 


Ape, V. t. /«>«,* ajol% jajat (P.). 

Aperient (a-per'i-ent), s. pncha- 
liar,"^ obat pnjuclii prot, julap. 

Aperture (ap'er-chur), s. (hole) 
lobary, clilali, liargj* (opening) 
mulut; (width) bulca. 

Apex (a'peks), s. (top) hmunchaTc, 
punchak, merchu;* (tip) hujory. 

Aphis (a'iis), s. hiisin (Ch. ku-sin). 

Aphorism (afo-rizm), s. bidalf^ 
tlabai/^ ppatah.* 

Apiece (a-pes'), adv. satu-satu, 
masiry-masiry . One apiece, s'oraiy 
satu, s'oraiy s-biji, etc., see a. 

Apocalypse (a-pok'a-lips), s. hiya- 
taan, walii^ (Ar. wamju). 

Apocryphal (-ri-fal), adj. yary ti- 
ada sail. 

Apologize (a-poro-jiz), v. i. 7ninta 
am pun, niinta mahap (Ar. ma'af). 

Apology (-ji), s. (defence) sahut- 
an, jawab; (admission of wrong) 
perminta'an mahap (Ar. ma'df). 

Apollinaris (a-pol'li-nar'is), s. ayer 

Apoplexy (ap'o-pleks-i), s. saican 

terjun,'^ saivan barykai.* 
Apostate (a-pos'tet), s. murtad 


Apostle (-si), s. rasul (Ar.). 

Apothecary (a-poth'e-ka-ri), s. tu- 
kaiy obat, pryadon obat,'^ apotek 
(N.I.) (D.). 

Appall (ap-pawl'), v. t. bri takot, 
bri dalishat (Ar.), bacliolkan,^^ ta- 
irarkan liati. 

Apparatus (ap-pa-ra'tws), s. per- 
kakas, alat (Ar.). 

Apparel (-par'el), s. pakaian. 

Apparent (-par'ent), adj. (plain) 
njata, tranj; (appearing to the 
eye) yaiy klihafan. Heir ap- 
parent, bakal waris^ (Ar. ivdrith). 

Apparently (-li), adv. rupa-nja, 
nampak-nja, pada lahir-nja* (Ar. 

Apparition (ap'pa-rish'i/n), s. pry- 
lihatan; (spectre) hantu. 

Appeal (ap-pel'), v. i. (beseech) 
minta; (refer to a higher court) 
baira bichara,* minta pindahkan 
bicliara, apil (E.) ; (call on an- 
other to vindicate one's rights) 
adu,* adukan lial. 

Appeal, s. (at law) apil (E.) ; (call 
for help) perminta'an. 

Appear (-per'), v. i. (come or be in 
sight) nampak, tampak,^ klihatan^ 
tlaliir {Aw) ; (come into notice, or 
above the surface of land or water, 
or as the sun rising) timbol, terbit. 
To appear before a judge, mry- 
liadap hakim. Appear, with the 
meaning to seem, is expressed by 
rupa-uja used impersonally, as, he 
appears to be drunk, mabok rupa- 
lya. It appeared to me, pada p- 

Appearance (-ans), s. (look, as- 
pect) rupa, baryun;^ paras, ^ 
me/i;* (thing seen) piylihat- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ten. 




an. To put in an appearance, ha- 
dllr'^ (Ar. liadlir). 

Appease (-pez'), v. t. (make quiet) 
snargkan, diamkan; (pacify) da- 
maikan, haikJian; (hunger or 
thirst) Mlarykan. 

Appellation (ap'pel-la'shwn), s. na- 
ma, sbotan, glaran, parggiJan. 

Append (ap-pend'), v. t. samborg- 
kan, iamhalii, huhoiykan. 

Appendage (-ej), s. tempelanj^ liu- 

Appendicitis (ap-pen'di-si'tis), s. 
pnjakit tali-prot yarg mnempel* 

Appendix (-diks), s. samborgan. 

Appertain (ap'per-tan'), v. i. hna- 
mrgna, sargkot dnjan, sabit drgan* 
(Ar. thdbit), berkna'an diyan. 

Appetite (ap'pe-tit), s. (desire for 
food) nafsii makan, slera;* (any 
strong desire) h'irginan; (craving, 
as for opium) ktagek* ktagehan 

Appetizer (-ti-zer), s. umpantkak,'^ 
untpan slera* prnbiika nafsu, pm- 
bitka si era* 

Applaud (ap-plawd'), V. t. (praise) 
puji; (by acclamation) sorak; (by 
clapping) bertpok targan. 

Applause (-plawz'), s. (shouting) 
sorak; (clapping of hands) tpok- 
tpok tanjan; (praise) puji. 

Apple (ap'pl), s. apel (E.), tufali* 
(Ar. tuffaH). Adam's apple, 
Ikum* (Ar. iiulqiim). Apple of 
the eye (pupil), anak mata,'^ biji 
mata (B.) ; (term of endearment) 
biji mata. 

Appliance (ap-plfans), s. perkakas, 

Applicable (ap'pli-ka-bl), adj. yarg 
patut drgan, yarg kna, berkna'an!* 

Application (-ka'slmn), s. (act of 
applying) hal mmakai, hal mm- 
huboli, etc., see below; (close at- 
tention) usalia; (request) per- 
minta'an, surat perniolionan* prg- 

Apply (ap-plf), V. t. (put on) bu- 
boh, knakan; (of flat surfaces) 
Ikapkan; (use, employ) pakaij. 

Apply, V. i. (make application) 
minta; (attend closely to) nsaha- 
kan dirt. It does not apply to 
me, takna-nirgna drgan aku, taapa 
kna sama goa (B.). To apply for,. 
minta, pohonkan.* 

Appoint (-point'), v. t. (fix by de- 
cree) titaJikan;* (assign, desig- 
nate) jadikan, tntukan, Itakkan-; 
(to a post) argkat; (equip) /ry- 

Appointment (-ment), s. (act of 
appointing) hal mnitahkan,* hal 
vinntukan, etc., as above ; (station^ 
position, office) jawatan,* pgargan, 
peganjan (B.) ; (to meet) perjan* 
jian hndak bertmu.* 

Apportion (-por'shi^n), v. t. bhagi- 
kan, untokkan. 

Apportionment (-ment), s. (act 
of apportioning) hal mmhhagikan ; 
(thing apportioned) bhagian, un* 
tok, habnan* 

Apposite (ap'po-zit), adj. patut^ 
imdan, kna, berkna'an.* 

Appraise (ap-praz'), v. t. hergakan^ 
nilaikan herga,* taroh herga, tak^ 
sirkan (D.). 

Appreciable (-pre'shi-a-bl), adj. 
yarg boleh di-hergakan; (percept- 
ible) yaig boleh di-rasa, yaiy boleh 

Appreciate (-at), v. t. (estimate 
justly) taroh herga, nilaikan;* 
(esteem highly) indahkan, per- 
hergakan;* (raise in value) naik- 
kan herga; (be sensible of) tahii. 
tahu bezakan (Sk.). To appre- 
ciate a kindness, knargkan budi. 

Appreciate, v. i. (rise in value) 
naik herga. 

Appreciation (-a'sh?m), s. hal mrg^ 
indahkan, hal mnilaikan,* etc., as 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Appreciative (-a-tiv), adj. yarxf 

mrgindalilxan, yaiy nnynaix] hudi. 
Apprehend (ap'pre-hend'), v. t. 

(arrest) faiykap; (understand) 

mryerti, taliu, paham* da pat; 

(fear) ialot. 
Apprehension (-hen'shim), s. 

(fear) Ital'otan; (understanding) 

prgertian, pndapatan. 
Apprehensive (-siv), adj. ialcot. 
Apprentice (ap-pren'tis), s. oixuri 

yaiy masok perjanjian pada hlajar 

tiuatu pkerjaan, plateh* magary 

Apprise (-priz'), v. t. inahtml'an 

(Ar.), hri taliu, kasi taliu (B.). 
Approach (-pr5ch'), v. t. hampir,'^- 

hampiri* dkati,'^ dkat sama (B.). 
Approach, s. (act of drawing near) 

hal nnyhampiri;* (way of access) 

jalan ynasok. 
Approachable (-a-bl), adj. yarg 

hoi ell di-liampiri* 
Approbation (ap'pro-ba'sht^n), s. 

kbnaran^ kredla'an (Ar.) ; see ap- 
Appropriate (ap-pr5'pri-et), adj. 

fxidan, patut, tayak, mnasahak 

Appropriate (-at), v. t. (for one's 

self) ambil hagi diri, pakaikan 

(B.) : (for a special purpose) tn- 

Approval (-proov'al), s. kahul* 

( Ar. qabid), khnaran, sudi, kredla- 
'an (Ar.) ; see below. 
Approve (-proov'), v. t. (sanction, 

ratify) Inarkan, kahiilkan;* (be 

pleased with) hei-knankan, redla'i 

( Ar.) ; (receive with favour) sudi- 

Approximate (-proks'i-mat), v. i. 

hampir, dkat. 
Approximately (-met-h), adv. 

kira-kira, Iheh-kiimrg, agak-agak, 

Approximation (-ma'sh?m), s. lial 

mnjadi dkat. 

April (a'pril), s. hulan oraiy puteh 
yarg k' am pat. 

Apron (a'prim or a'pern), s. hain 
aias dada, band kerja, kain parg- 
ku;* (of a buggy) kain tutop 
hogi; (of a ricksha) kampo (Ch. 

Apropos (ap'ro-po), adj. (oppor- 
tune) berstuju. Apropos of, tn- 

Apse (aps), s. (of mosques) milirab 

Apt (apt), adj. (suitable) patut, 
padan; (habitually inclined) bia- 
sa; (qualified, expert) ahli (Ar.), 
pandai. Apt to forget, plupa,* 
lazim lupa,^' rajm lupa, kuat-kuat 

Aptitude (ap'ti-tud), s. kpatutan* 
kbiasa'an, kpandaian; see above. 

Aquarium (a-kwar'i-Mm), s. kolah 
kaclia bagi ikan-ikan.'^ 

Aquatic (a-kwat'ik), adj. yaiy hi- 
dop dalam ayer. Aquatic birds, 
buroig ayer. 

Aqueduct (akVe-dukt), s. sahiran, 
/Mnchuiarh; (for irrigation) tali 

Aqueous (a'kwi-?7s), adj. berayer. 

Aquiline (ak'wi-lln or -lin), adj. 
(of tlie nose) borgkok.* betykoh 

Arab (ar'ab), s. orarg 'Arab. 

Arabia (a-ra'bi-a), s. iiegri 'Arab. 

Arabian (-an), adj. 'Arab. The 
Arabian Xights, s-ribu satu ma- 
lam,'^ alf laila wa laila (Ar.). 

Arabic (ar'a-bik), s. bliam 'Arab. 
Malay written in Arabic characters, 
lijiruf Jawir Jawi. 

Arable (-bl), adj. yaiy di-bajak.* 
Arable land (dry), tanah bajak* 
tanah tiygala;* (irrigated) tanah 
satvah, btidarg.* 

Arbiter (ar'bi-ter), s. pmbichara* 

Arbitrary (-tra-ri), adj. (at one's 
own discretion) mnurut kahandak 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; lise, us, min«s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




sndiri; (despotic, tyrannical) pry- 

aiiiaj/a* ilalim (Ar.). 
Arbitrate (-tmt), y. t. bicharalwi, 

putuskan bichara, nhuafak'atkan 

Arbitration (-tra'shwn), s. hal 

mmhicharahan^ Jial muafakatkan 

Arbitrator (-tra-ter), s. pmhichara, 

oraiy trgali, ptyaiitara.'^ 
Arbour (ar'ber), s. halai peraiyin- 

an/' puiijory* 
Arc (ark), s. hyhoiy, gloiy."^' 
Arcade (ar-kad'), s. sramhi hykory- 

Arch (arch), v. t. hyhoiykanf (of 

the back) horgl'oH-an. 
Arch, s. hyltorg,'^' Iryl'oiy batii.'^ 
Archaeology (ar'ke-ol'o-ji), s. 'il- 

tnu'^' perkara zanian dhuhi. 
Archaic (ar-ka'ik), adj. yary dhulu 

Archangel (ark-an'jel), s. piyhulu 

Archbishop (arch-bish'wp), s. bi- 

shop bsar, ktua bishop (X.). 
Archdeacon (-de'kn), s. padri yaiy 

mnolorg s'orarg bishop (X.). 
Arched (archt), adj. berhgk organ. "^ 
Archer (arch'er), s. oraig pnianah/^ 
Archery (-i), s. main panah, 'ilmu 

Archetype (ar'ke-tip), s. chontoh 

yarg asal, tuladan. 
Archipelago (ar'ki-pera-g5), s. gn- 

giisan pulau;"^ (of small islands) 

tokorg pulau* 
Architect (-tekt), s. pmta rumah* 

tukarg plen (E.). 
Architecture (-tek-chur), s. 'ilmu* 

mmbuat rumah dan s-bagai-rya. 
Archives (ar'klvz), s. pi. surat- 

surat krajaan, sural asaUusul. 
Archway (arch'wa), s. jalan di ba- 

wah Irgkorg* 
Arctic (ark'tik), adj. sblah utara, 

sblah kutub utara;* see polar. 

Ardent (ar'dent), adj. (hot) panas^ 
hargat;* (passionate, zealous) ra- 
jin, bersuiggoh-hati, gatal tularg^ 
gerarg (X.I.). Ardent spirit. 

Ardour (-der), s. (heat) hatyat* 
panas; (passion, zeal) rajin, usaha, 
gerarg (X.I.) ragap (N.I.). 

Arduous (-du-77s), adj. (involving 
toil) trok; (difficult) sukar* su- 
sail, mushlcil (Ar.). 

Are (ar), see be. 

Area (ar'i-a), s. (open space) hala- 
man, tmpat la/Mijg; (superficial 
extent) luas, kluasan/' (tract) 

Areca (a-re'ka), s. (Areca catechu) 

Arena (-na), s. (in a cock-fight or 
other contest) glarggaiyf' (field 
of battle) medan (Ar.maiddn). 

Argue (ar'gu), v. t. bantahkan* 6/- 

Argue, v. i. berbantah,* berbicliaraf' 
(dispute) bertrgkar. 

Argument (-gu-ment), s. (reason 
offered in proof) kiyata'an; (dis- 
cussion) perbantahan.* 

Argumentative (-men'ta-tiv), adj. 
(of persons) yaiy berbantah,'* yarg 
suka berbantali* bantalian;* (of a 
subject) yarg mndatargkan per- 

Argus pheasant (ar'gws fez'ant), 
6'. kuau,* kuarg I'aya* 

Arid (ar'id), adj. kri^g, kkrirgan* 

Aright (a-rif), adv. btid, drgan s- 
btul-iya, drgan s-patut-n/a. 

Arise (a-riz'), v. i. (ascend) naik; 
(get up) bargun, bargkit; (from 
sleep) sdar, bargun tidor; (spring 
up) bijgkas;* (come above horizon 
or surface of land or water) tini- 
bol, terbit; (come into action or 
notice) tei'bit. 

Aristocracy (ar'is-tok'ra-si), s. 
bargsa baik, orarg bsar-bsar. 

Aristocrat (ar'is-to-krat), s. oraig 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?(S, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ;* law, how, oil; thin then. 




hei^ba?ysa* anak laiTc-baik, orarg 

Aristocratic (-krat'ik), adj. lair)- 

sairan;^ herhargsa* harysa laih, 

bal'a haik. 
Arithmetic (a-rith'me-tik), s. 'ihmC^ 

kira-kim, 'ilmu* hitorgan, 'ilmii* 

liisah (Ar.). 
Ark (ark), s. (Xoalrs ark), halitra 

(Sk.); (ark of the covenant) ta- 

hut (Ar.), pti perjanjiau* 
Arm (arm), s. Irgan; (forearm, and 

often the entire limb) taryan. 

Arm of the sea, tlok. To fold the 

amis, pJok tuboh* plok targan 

(B.). To keep at arm's length, 

jaulikan. See also AR7^rs. 
Arm, V. t. hgkapkan drgan snjata. 
Armada (ar-ma'da), s. atgkatan 

kapal,'-^ klnjkapan kapal. 
Armadillo (ar'ma-dil'lo), s. trg- 

Armament (-ment), s. klrgkapan, 

alat snjata (Ar.). 
Armchair (arm'char'), s. kursi 

targan,^ krosi targan (B.). 
Armenia (ar-me'ni-a), s. negri Ar- 

Armful (arm'fool), s. s-ptgampu- 

an,* s-pargkuan,^ s-prgelek'an.^ 
Armistice (ar'mis-tis), s. perdamai- 

an smantara.^ 
Armlet (arm1.?t), s. pontoh^ 
Armour (ar'mer), s. plapek badan 

bagi ppmnian/^ bajii bsi, baju 

zirali (Hind.). 
Armourer (-er), s. tukaig snjata. 
Armoury (-i), s. gdorg snjata, tni- 

jjat sinipan snjata (B.). 
Armpit (arm'pit), s. ktiak, kelek 

Arms (armz), s. pi. snjata, alat* 

ppraigan. -Small arms, snapary. 
Army (ar'mi), s. intra* bala-tn- 

tra* 'askar (Ar.). 
Aroid (ar'oid), s. (yam) kladi, 

lanibokf (larger) birah,* k- 


Aroma (a-ro'ma), s. ban, bau yarg 
haroni,* baa yaig ivaiyi. 

Aromatic (ar'o-mat'ik), adj. ha- 
roui* wargi. 

Around (a-rownd'), prep. Milirg. 

Around, adv. berkliliry. 

Arouse (a-rowz'), v. t. bargunkan, 
kjotkan, sdarkan, barykitkan. 

Arrack (ar'rak), s. arak. 

Arraign (ar-ran'), v. t. d'awa, tu- 

Arrange (-ranj'), v. t. (put in or- 
der) aturkan; (fit together) rakit- 
kan* rapatkan, susunkan; (as the 
hair) dandan;* (as flowers in a 
bouquet, or jewels in their setting) 
karaiy; (adjust, settle) slsaikan, 
slisekan (B.) ; (determine) tntu- 

Arrangement (-ment), s. aturan, 
peraturan, karargan, ktntuan; see 

Arrant (ar'rant), adj. s-mata-mata. 

Array (ar-ra'), v. t. (as troops) 
atur; (adorn) hiasi* riaskan 

Array, s. (order of battle) ikat 
prarg; (dress) pakaian. 

Arrears (-rerz'), s. pi. baki hutarg* 
The rent is in arrears, sewa dhulu 
bluni bayer. 

Arrest (-rest'), v. t. (seize) targ- 
kap; (hinder, restrain) tahan, 
tgali, laraig. 

Arrival (-ri'val), s. kdatargan. 

Arrive (ar-riv'), v. i. sanipai, tiba,* 

Arrogance (ar'ro-gans), s. som- 
boig, purgali,* tkbur (Ar. takab- 

Arrogant (-gant), adj. somborg, 
dakar* piirgah* tkbur (Ar.). 

Arrogate (-gat), v. t. d'awa diri;* 
as, mnd'awa diri pandai* to arro- 
gate wisdom to one's self. 

Arrow (ar'ro), s. anak-jmnah, anak 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?<s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ;" law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




Arrowroot (-root), s. sacju hlari- 
da,'^ brolii* nhi garut. 

Arsenal (ar'se-nal), s. tnipat mm- 
huat snjata, gdoig snjalaj^ 

Arsenic (-nik), s. wamtyan (Jav.), 

Arson (ar'sn), s. lial mmhakar ru- 
•mah drgan srgaja. 

Art (art), s. kpandaian, prgtahvan, 
hikmat (Ar.) ; (device) ujxiya* 
'akal; (branch of learning) 'il- 

Artery (ar'ter-i), s. nrat nadi,^' iirat 

Artful (art'fool), adj. clierdeh, pan- 
jaig 'akal, herakal, pintar (jST.I.). 

Article (ar'ti-kl), s. (clause of con- 
tract, etc.) bab {Ax.),fasal; (com- 
position) karaigan; (a distinct 
part) bliagian; (a particular one 
of various thinofs) perkara, bararg. 

Articulate (ar-tik'u-let), adj. yaig 
di-buiyikan dnjan traiy. 

Articulate (-lat), v. t. butyikan 
sat u -sat u. 

Artifice (ar'ti-fis), s. daya, 'akal, 
el ah- (Ar. mlah), elak (B.). 

Artificer (ar-tif'i-ser), s. tukarg, 
utas/^ pandai.'^ 

Artificial (ar'ti-fish'al), adj. per- 
buatan mamisia; '(feigned) pura- 
pura. Artificial flowers, burga 
kertas. Artificial teeth, gigi batii, 
gigi palsu, gigi tampal (B.) ; (the 
gold between teeth) sumbi gigi. 

Artillery (ar-til'ler-i), s. (cannon) 
7nriani; (soldiers who work the 
guns) soldado mriam, 'askar m- 
riam (Ar.). 

Artisan (ar'ti-zan), s. tukaig, tdas.'^ 

Artist (art'ist), s. (in general) pan- 
dai; (painter, sculptor) pnulis, 
prgukir, tukaig gambar, tukaig 

Artless (-les), adj. (unskilful) ku- 
rarg pan dai; (sincere, guileless) 
tuhis, hati jerneli* hati hnirg* 
hati bersi (B.). 

As (az), adv. and conj. (like) s- 
perii, laksana; (resembling) s'- 
umpama (Sk.) ; (in the same- 
manner) s-bginiatia; (while) ser- 
ta* sambil; (because, since) s~ 
daty ; (for instance) sperti, mesal- 
lya, misal-nja (B.) (Ar. mithal). 
xis. . . .as. . . ., sama . . . .sperti. . . 
As far as, sampai, liiigga,* s- 
hirgga, takat,* s-jauh.* A& 
foi", as to, akan.* As if, s'akan- 
akau,'^ s'olah-olali.'^ As it were,. 
pnaka/^ As large as, s-bsar. As- 
long as (of time), s-lama, s-Iagi. 
As much as, s-baiyak, s-brapa. As- 
soon as, serta/^ apabila/^ apakala.'^ 
As usual, bagai s-lama, bagai slalu^ 
As well as, sania sperti. You 
know as well as I, tuan sama tahu^ 
As yet, Jagi. As if it were nights 
s-laku liari sudali malam. The 
same as, sama sperti. The same as 
before, sperti sdiakala (Sk.), sperti 

Asafcetida (as'a-fe'tid-a or -fet'i- 
da), s. (the gum of Ferula nar- 
thex) irggu. 

Asbestos (as-bes'tos), s. s-jnis batic 
yatg ialian api. 

Ascend (as-send'), v. i. t. (a hill„ 
ladder, throne) naik ; (a hill) 
daki;'^ (a tree) pan j at; (a river) 

Ascendency (-en-si), s. prentah^ 

Ascension (as-sen'shwn), s. hat 
naik; (of Mohammed) inirat*' 
(Ar. m'iraj). 

Ascent (-sent'), s. (act of rising) 
hal 7iaik; (slope) churaman. 

Ascertain (as'ser-tan'), v. t. dapat 
tah u. 

Ascetic (as-set'ik), s. orarg bertapa. 

Asceticism (-i-sizm), s. pertapa'an^ 
hal bertapa. 

Ascribe (as-krib'), y. t. bilargkan, 
agakkan, saiykakan. His death 
was ascribed to noison, di-sawka- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror: old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f65d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




I- an kna racliun. The book was 
ascribed to — as its author, — di- 
bilargJiWi prgaratg Jcitah itii. 

Ash (ash), s. nama pohoiv^^ kaiju di 
Eropah [pokol- (B.)]. 

Ash, s. ahu. 

Ashamed (a-shamcV), adj. rnahi, 
'aih (Ar.), tersipu-sipu. 

Ashen (ashVn), adj. (the colour) 

Ashes (-ez), s. ahu. 

Ashore (a-shor'), adv. (on shore) 
di darat, mndarat;* (aground) 
terl'andas, tersadai;* (cast ashore, 
wrecked) terdamparj^ To go a- 
shore (Xaut.), naih, tiirun, naik 

Ashy (ash'i), adj. (ash-coloured) 

Asia (a'shi-a), s. hniia Asliia."^ 

Aside (a-sid'), adv. (apart) her- 
asirg:* (to one side) di tpi, sblali. 
To lay aside, shWiJran, tpilwi. 
To set aside (annul), tiadakan, 
haialkan. To step aside, mnpi. 

Asinine (as'i-nin), adj. s-laku kal- 
dai, dgil, hodoli. 

Ask (ask), v. i. (request) minta, 
innta;* (inquire) hertanja, her- 

Ask, v. t. (request) pinta* minta, 
miniakan, pohonkan;* (demand) 
tiintut; (question) tatya, tanja- 
kan : (invite) ajak, ajat (B.), 
Jaira,^ jmpot, sUakan;^ see in- 
vite. To ask a favour, srai/a* 
samhat (X.I.). To ask leave, 
minta izin. To ask leave to go, 
hennohon* minta diri* minta 
rokhsah (Ar.). To ask in mar- 
riage, pinatg."^' To ask for pay- 
ment of a debt, turggu, tag eh 

Askance (a-skans'), adv. (with a 
side glance) serorg, dugan ekor 
mataf^ (with suspicion) digan 
mnaroh shak.'^ To look askance, 
kerlirg,'^ jlirg. 

Askew (a-skiV), adj. and adv. se- 
rotg, gen jut, ^ bergut, erut* 

Aslant (a-slanf), adj. and adv. 
meriig, serget. 

Asleep (a-slep'), adj. and adv. ^i- 
dor; (of princes) herada;^ (of a 
top) ligat. Half asleej), terpikau^ 

Asp (asp), s. s-jnis iilar. 

Asparagus (as-par'a-gws), s. sjMroh 
kras"^ (E.) ; akar farsi^' 

Aspect (as'pekt), s. (appearance) 
pmandatgan* bargun* rupa; (po- 
sition, direction) liala* arali. A 
northern aspect, mrghadap k-sbJak' 

Asperity (as-per'i-ti), s. (of sur^ 
face) grutu/^ mrggruiu (B.), ksat^ 
kasap;"^ (of taste) klat; (of cha- 
racttir) kasar, kras, kkrasan. 

Asperse (-pers'), v. t. (sprinkle) 
rnjis, sirani; (calumniate) chla-- 
kan, umpatkan, fitnahkan (Ar.). 

Aspersion (-per'shzm), s. lial m- 
rnjis, lial mnjimm, umpat, fitn-ah 
(Ar. ) ; see above. 

Asphalt (as'falt), s. bolnrg tanah."^ 

Asphyxia (as-fiks'i-a), s. Imas. 

Asphyxiate (-at), v. t. Imaskan. 

Aspirant (-pir'ant), s. oranj yaig- 
irgin, orarg yarg rindu. 

Aspirate (as'pi-ret), s. buiyi nafas^ 
buryi huruf " li.""^' 

Aspiration (-ra'shwn), 3. (sound) 
bunji huruf '' h;* (desire) Virgin^ 

Aspire (as-pir'), v. i. (desire, long 
for) irgin, rindu, gerauj (X.I.),. 
k pit gin (X.L). 

Ass (as), s. kaJdai. 

Assail (as-sal'), v. t. larggar, srarg^ 
serbu, amok. 

Assailant (-ant), s. orarg yatg m- 
Jarggar, plarggar,* prganiok.* 

Assassin (-sas'sin), s. pnibunoh 

Assassinate (-at), v. t. bunoh mn^ 
clturi-churi, tikani dturi.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; lise. us, mini/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Assault (-sawlf), v. t. largqar, 
f^ratrj, serbu, aniok, tmpoh. 

Assay (-sa'), v. t. uji. 

Assemblage (-sem'blej) , s. per- 
kumpoJafi, perhimponan* 

Assemble (-bl), v. t. humpolltan, 
I'ampoTglx'an, h impo7ilwi.* 

Assemble, v. i. herhimpon,^ her- 
l-umpol, herkampo}y; (in crowds) 
herkrumun, hertbat* 

Assembly (-bli), s. perlcumpolan, 
perhim ponan* majlis. 

Assent (-sent'), v. i. (acquiesce) 
herhnari, habul (Ar.). To assent 
to (admit as true), bnarhan. 

Assert (-sert'), v. t. (state positive- 
ly) sbotkan, katakan drgan tntii; 
(maintain) irargkan. To assert 
one's self, tnjahkan diri* 

Assertion (-ser'shmi), s. sbotan, 

Assess (-ses'), v. t. (value) nilai- 
kan* taksirkan (D.) ; (tax) cliu- 

Assessment (-ment), s. nilaian,^ 
cliukai inntu, chukai tanali, liastl 

Assessor (-ser), s. (legal) pmbantu 
hakim * kapitan liakim;* (of pro- 
perty) pnilai.^ 

Assets (as'sets), s. pi. (of a de- 
ceased person) lierta psaka; (of a 
bankrupt) baki lierta;'^ (entire 
property) modal, lierta. 

Asseverate (as-sev'er-at), v. t. kata- 
kan drgan smggoh, suiggohkan* 

Asseveration (-a'sh?m), s. pnjuig- 

Assiduity (as'si-dii'i-ti), s. usalia, 
rajin, tkun, gerarg (N.I.). 

Assiduous (as-sid'u-ws), adj. rajin, 
bertknri, berusalia, geraiy (X.I.). 

Assign (as-sTn'), v. t. (appoint) 
tntukan ; (make over) srahkan. 

Assignation (as'sig-na'shwn), s. 
perimuan* {dtgari niat jaliat). 

Assignee (-si-ne'), s. (in bank- 
ruptcy) icakil (Ar.). 

Assignment (as-sin'ment), s. h* 
, tniuan, pnjrahan; see assign. 

Assimilate (-sim'i-lat), v. i. (be- 
come incorporated) msra ('Sk.), 
bersatu;* (digest) liadlam (Ar.), 
hanchor, cherna (Sk.) (N.I.)* 
siau (B.) (Ch.). 

Assimilate, v. t. (make sunilar) 
samakan; (absorb) srap; (as 
food) hanchorkan, hadlamkan 
(Ar.), cherna (Sk.) (N.I.). 

Assist (-sist'), V. t. tolonj, bantu, 

Assistance (-ans), s. pertolorgan, 

Assistant (-ant), s. pnoloig, pm- 

Assizes (-siz'ez), s. pi. mahkamah 
bsar (Ar.), kot bsar (E.). 

Associate (-so'shi-et), s. (compan- 
ion) kawan, sahabat, sobat (B.), 
taulan/^ handai; (partner) rakan 
(Ar.) ; (member of an associ- 
ation) sidarg.'^ 

Associate (-at), v. i. berskutu* 
bersahabat* berkawan, bertman;* 
see above. 

Association (-si-a'sliwn), s. (con- 
nection) perhuborgan; (society) 
koiysi (Ch.), kJap (E. club), per- 
skutuan/^' sharikat (Ar.). 

Assort (-sort'), v. t. asiiy-asirgkan 
jnis-nja,'^ pileh jnis-iya. 

Assortment (-ment), s. (assorted 
things) baraig yarg terasirgf (a 
variety) berbagai-bagai jnis^' 

Assuage (-swaj'), v. t. (pain or 
grief) reiyankan, hilargkan; (heat 
or passion) kurargkan, sjokkan; 
(appetite) hUaigkan. 

Assume (-sum'),v. t. (take) ambil; 
(appropriate) pakai; (suppose) 
mtgka; (take for granted) trima, 
bnarkan.^ To assume responsibil- 
ity for, targgoig, sarggop. 

Assumed (-simid'), adj. (pretend- 
ed) pura-pura, muka-muka. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Assumption (-siimp'shziii), s. (act 
of assuming) lial mrgamhil; (sup- 
position) saiyl'a. 

Assurance (-shoor'ans), s. (certain- 
ty) htntuan; (confidence) yahin 
(Ar.), Jcperchayaan;* (boldness) 
hrani; (guarantee ) prgakuan, grenti 
(E.) ; (insurance) inslmran, an- 
shuran (E.). 

Assure (-shoor'), v. t. (make cer- 
tain) tntulxan; (guarantee) mrg- 
ahu; (make true) surggohkan* 

Assuredly (-ed-li), adv. tntu, s- 

Assyria (-sir'i-a), s. negri Aram 

Astern (a-stern'), adv. (N'aut.) (in 
the stern) di huritan; (behind a 
ship) di bJakarg; (backward) k- 
hlakarg. To go astern, undor. 

Asthma (as'ma), s. llah, ssak dada, 
sakit term rgali -m igali . 

Asthmatic (as-mat'ik), adj. sakit 

Astonish (-ton'ish), v. t. hri liairan, 
chrrjatykan, t'ajuhkan (Ar.). As- 
tonished, hairan, terchrgarg, fajub 

Astonishment (-ment), s. liairan, 
chrgarg, fajub (Ar.). 

Astound (-townd'), v. t. (stun, stu- 
pify) birgoiykan, klirukan. 

Astounding (-ing), adj. hairaih 
'ajaib ( Ar. ) . 

Astray (a-stra'), adj. and adv. ssat, 
ksasar (X.I.). To lead astray, 5- 

Astride (-strld), adv. (as one rid- 
ing) terchapok/^ terclilapak;"^ 
(with legs apart) terkargkarg. 

Astringent (as-trin'jent), adj. (in 
taste) klat; (of medicine) pnahan 
buarg ayer.'^ 

Astrologers (-troro-jerz), s. pi. 
alilu 'ii-nujum (Ar.), sastrawan 
iSk.),ahUfalak (Ar.). 

Astrology (-ji), s. 'ilmu nujum 
(Ar.), 'ilmu falak (Ar.). 

Astronomer (as-tron'o-mer), s.. 

oranj yaig tahu 'ilniu* bintaig. 
Astronomy (-mi), s. 'ilmu* bin^ 

Astute (us-tiit'), adj. panjary 'akal,. 

clierdek, bijak.* 
Asunder (a-sun'der), adv. berchrai, 

berasiig-asirg* Wide asunder,. 

jaiih jarak-iya.^' Tq fall asunder,. 

jatoh pchah-blah. 
Asylum (a-srhan), s. (refuge) tni- 

pat berlindorg. Lunatic asylum,. 

rum all sakit gila, hospital gila. 
At (at), prep, (in proximity to) diy 

pada, dkat; (in some state, con- 
dition, or employment) dalam,. 

trgah, as, dalam sntausa, at peace; 

trgah bkerja, at work; (of time) 

pada, as, pada mula-rya,* at first. 

In many phrases "at"" has no- 

equivalent in Malay, as, at all, 

skali-kali; at first, dliidu, mula- 

mida; at last, kmdian, akhir-rya 

(Ar.) ; at least, s-kurarg-kurarg ; 

at once, serta-merta; at one, &er- 

stuju; at present, skararg; at 

■times, kadarg-kada rg. 
Atheism (a'the-izm), s. hal niniada^ 

kan Allah* 
Atheist (-ist), s. orarg yarg mniada- 

kan Allah.'^ 
Athirst (a-thersf), adj. berdhaga,'^' 

Athlete (ath'let), s. oraiy yarg biasa 

bersnaml berlumba dan s-bagai- 

Athletic (ath-let'ik), adj. pahlawan 

(Pers.), gagah. Athletic sports, 

lumba berlari. 
Athletics (-iks), s. pi. perlawanan 

lumba berlari. 
Athwart (a-thwarf), prep, and adv. 

lintarg, mlintarg. 
Atlas (at'las), s. kitab pta du?iia.* 
Atmosphere (at'mos-fer), s. udara^ 

Atom (at'ian), s. bnda"^ yarg bgitit 

hahis sampai ta'boleh di-bhagikan 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sdrry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




lagi [baraiy (B.)], abu atyin* 
jarah* (Ar. dzarrah). To crush 
to atoms, hanchor-lidohkan* Not 
an atom, s-hiji ha>na pun t'ada* 

Atomize (-iz), v. t. Tianclior-luloli- 

Atone (a-ton'), v. i. (make repar- 
ation for) halasl'an; (stand as an 
equivalent for) gantil-an. 

Atonement (-ment), s. (reconcili- 
ation) perdamaianj (reparation, 
substitution) ganti, ganiian. 

Atrocious (a-tro'sh^/s), adj. ierlahi 
jaliat, terlalu bigis,"^ ierlalu brat, 
jaliat mmbakar.'^ 

Atrocity (a-tros'i-ti), s. jaliat mm- 
balcar,^ jahat mrgharg'usi/^' kbiyis- 
aii yatg amat saiyat.'^ 

Atrophy (at'ro-fi), s. I'urus hrhg, 
kunis inrbglm.* 

Attach (at-tach'), v. t. (by adhe- 
sion) ll'atkan, tampalkaii; (by 
pinning) smatTcan; (by tying) 
ikat, tambat; (by catching on a 
^eg or projection) sanjl'ot; (two 
similar things) hmbarkan: (con- 
nect) liuboiy, samborg; (by ties 
of love or self-interest) dampiry* 
sarykot; (seize by legal authority) 

Attachment (-ment), s. (to a 
friend or party) perdampiiyan,^ 
persahabatari;* (connection) sary- 
kotan, perhuboigan; (of pro- 
perty) lial mnalian. 

Attack (-tak'), v. t. laryyar, srary, 
aet'bu, amok, tnipoh, rmpoli/^ da- 
iaryi;'^ (of animals) /wr-w,* ter- 
kam; (of birds) prap;* (of evil 
spirits) rasok;* (of diseases) kna. 

Attack, s. ptyraryan, serbu, tmpoli, 
amok, latyyaran; see above. 

Attain (-tan'), v. t. (achieve) 
sampaikan, lakukan,* liasilkanf 
(gain) beroleh,* dapaf. 

Attainable (-a-bl), adj. yaty boUIi. 
disampaikarh, yary boleh di-dapati. 

,. I 

Attainment (-ment), s. pndapaU 
an, perolehan* 

Attar (after), s. minjak atar* (Ar. 

Attempt (at-temf), v. t. clioba, 
achy, pandu (Pk.). She made 
two or three attempts, dua tiga kali 

Attend (-tend'), v. i. (pay atten- 
tion) irgat; (be in attendance) 
layan;'^^ (be present) liadlir (Ar.). 
To attend to, pei'hatikan,* pduli- 
kan, plihara, bJa,* jaga. 

Attend, v. t. (accompany) liantar- 
kan, iriiykan;* (wait on) layani, 
layankan; (care for) plihara, bla,* 
jaga; (be present at) hadlir akan 

Attendance (-ans), s. (service) pla- 
yanan;'^ (presence) kahadliran 


Attendant (-ant), s. (servant) p- 
layanf^ juak-juak,* kundary;* 
(companion) prgirirg,'^' tman;* 
(female) dayarg-dayaig, inaty,* 
knli po (B.) '(C'h.).' 

Attendant, adj. yarg hadlir (Ar.), 
yarg mlayan;* (consequent on) 
yarg miyerta'L* 

Attention (-ten'sh^n), s. ityatan, 
perhatian.^ To pay attention, 
tar oh iryatan, perhatikan. To 
pay attention to (be attentive), 
indahkan,* bena (Pers.) ; (con- 
sider important) brati, bratkan. 

Attentive (-tiv), adj. (intent) ber- 
tkun, beriryat-iryat;* (courteous) 
bcrbha-m, beradab (Ar.). 

Attenuated (-u-iit-ed), adj. (thin, 
slender) kurus; (less viscid) cha- 

Attest (-test'), v. t. (certify, wit- 
ness to) saksikan; (manifest) 
lyatakan, traiykan : (affirm to be 
true) su)yyohkan,* yakan. 

Attestation (at'tes-ta'shwn), s. h- 
saksian, kryata'an, ktraryan. 

ate, ask. am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min/zs, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ;' law, how, oil; thin then. 




Attic (at'tik), s. jmra,'^ UleTc dkat 

Attire (at-tlr'), s. pakaian, per- 

Attire, v. t. (dress) Icnakan imkai- 
an; (adorn) Itiasi* riaskan (B.). 

Attitude (at'ti-tud), s. (noble bear- 
ing) sikap; (posture) gaya, ha- 
rgun;* (feeling, intention) male- 
Slid, kasad (Ar.), hajat (Ar.). 

Attorney (at-ter'ni), s. (legal 
agent) wakil (Ar.), kuasa. Power 
of attorney, surat kuasa, swat 
tcakil (Ar.). General power of 
attorney, sumt tcakil midlak* 
(Ar. icakil muilaq). 

Attract (at-trakf), v. t. (draw to) 
tarek : (influence the affections) 
Dirgamhil liati: (bring) hawa. 

Attraction (-trak'shzm), s. lial m- 
narek, kuasa mnarek, bamtrj yarg 
))inarek, pnarek.^ 

Attractive (-tiv), adj. yaix) mrg- 
anihil liati, yary ?nrggmarkan* 

Attribute (-trib'ut), v. t. (impnte) 
h ila tgkan ; ( asc ril^e ) sa lykakan ; 


Attribute (at'tri-biit), s. sifat 

Attune (at-tiin'), v. t. s-talakan* 

Auburn (aw'bern), adj. perarg. 

Auction (awk'shwn), s. lelorg, lelarg 

Auctioneer (-er), s. tukarg lelorg. 

Audacious (aw-da'shws), adj. (dar- 
ing) hrani, nekatf (impudent) 
hiadah (Pers.), latygar hliasa, ku- 
rarg ajar, kurarg adah (Ar.) ; (in- 
solent) hotgkak* 

Audacity (-das'i-ti), s. (daring) 
hrani, nekat:^ (impudence) hia- 

• dab (Pers.), laiggaran hliasa; (in- 
solence) horgkakr 

Audible (aw'di-bl), adj. yarg holeh 
di-drgar, kdrgaran* 

Audience (-ens), s. (act of hear- 
ing) pnrgaran; (interview) hal 
mrghadap; (assembly of hearers) 

sidarg majlis,* ■majlis. To grant 
an audience (interview), hri mrg- 

Audit (aw'dit), v. t. preksa {kira- 

Auditor (-di-ter), s. (of accounts) 
pmreksa* kira-kira [orarg yarg 
preksa (B.)]; (hearer) pnrgar* 
oraiy yaig mnrgar. 

Auditorium (-tor'i-«m), s. (hall of 
assembly) riiniah tmpat orarg her- 

Auger (aw'ger), s. gurdi, grodi 
(B.), hor (D.), prggerek. 

Aught (awt), s. hararg apa, haraiy 
s-suatii,^ apa-apa. 

Augment (awg-menf), v. t. tam- 
halii, Ihehkan, hanjakkan, hsarkan. 

Augmentation (awg'men-ta'shim), 
s. (act of augmenting) hal mnam- 
hahi, etc., as above; (thing added) 

Augur (aw'gur), v. i. (foretell from 
omens) tilck, mnilek (B.), tnorg ;* 
(betoken) iandakan. 

Augur, s. (soothsayer) pnnorg,^ p- 

Augury (-gu-ri), s. (art of divi- 
nation) ptno'tgan,,* 'ihnu sihir 
(Ar.) ; (omen, prognostication) 
pdah,* tanda, 'alamat, chogati* 

August (aw-gusf), adj. midia. 

August (aw'gwst), s. hidan agus,* 
hulaii orarg put eh yang k-dlapan, 
h 111 an Japan orarg put eh (B.). 

Aunt (ant), s. uiak saudara, mah 
puakan (P.). 

Auricular (aw-rik'u-ler), adj. deri- 
hal tliiga [kupirg (B.)], yaiy di- 

Auriferous (-rif'er-?/s), adj. yarg 
herisi 'mas. 

Auspice (aws'pis), s. (omen) p- 
dah,'^ tanda, 'alamat, chogan.* 

Auspicious (aws-pish'7/s), adj. her- 
tuah, heruntorg, herhhagia (Sk.). 
Auspicious moment, ktika yarg 
haik, saat yanj smpurna.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Austere (-ter'), adj. hras. 
Austerity (-ter'i-ti), s. (severit.y) 

Authentic (aw-tlien'tik), adj. 

sunjgoliy^ hnar, sail. 
Authenticate (-ti-kat), v. t. hnar- 

I'au, "^niyf/ohJiWt* salil'an. 
Author (aw'ther), s. piyamiy, mn- 

aliif (Ar. ), yarg ampiuya chrita,* 

sahib (I l-hikayat (Ar.). 
Authoritative (aw-thor'i-ta-tiv), 

adj. dryan prentah, diyan huasa. 
Authority (-ti), s. (power) Iciiasa; 

(jurisdiction, dominion) prentah; 

(sanction) l-hnaran. 
Authorize (a\v'ther-iz), v. t. (em- 
power) hri huasa, wal'ill'an (Ar.) ; 

(sanction) hnarl-ari, hri izin; 

(make legal) sahkan. 
Autocrat (aw'to-krat), s. pmrentah 

yarg tiada tertyali* pmrentah yary 

viutiaV^ (Ar. mu'daq). 
Autograph (-graf), s. (original 

manuscript) nusl-liah (Ar.) ; (sig- 
nature) tanda taryan, Mas tan/an. 
Automatic (-mat'ik), adj. yaiy her- 

yrah sndiri-rya, herpsaicat* 
Automaton (aw-tom'a-ton), s. pa- 

to?y yaiy hn/e/i heryral', yainhar 

Automobile (aw'to-mo'bil or -mo- 

bel'), s. mat oka (E. motor car), 

mohil (X.I.). 
Autopsy (aw'top-si), s. liaJ mmljlah 

Autumn (aw't//m), s. mnsini hitaJi, 

muhiui htroli,"'^ perniulaati mvsim 

Auxiliary (awgz-iryer-i), adj. ;;m- 

baniu, pnoloiy. 
Avail (a-vfil'), v. i. (he of use) her- 

yuna; (be of advantage) herfa'- 

idah; (have foi'ce) berkuasa. Of 

no avail, sia-sia, perch luiia. 
Available (-a-bJ), adj. yaiy boleh 

Avalanche (av'a-lanch), s. ter- 

chhis* l-runiohan'^ (tanah atau 

ayer bhu.) 
Avarice (-ris), s. (desire to hoard 

weal til) kikir* chikil* kdkiit, lo- 

kek, bakhil (Ar.) ; (covetousnesss) 

tarn'a (Ar.), tmahak (B.), loba.*" 
Avaricious (-rish'i/s), adv. kikir,*- 

lokek, I am' a (Ar. Tarn' a), tmahak- 

(B.), loba^ 
A vaunt (a-vawnf), int. ryah,'^ 

ryah-lah,'^ inchit* 
Avenge (a-venj'), v. t. balas, balas- 

kan, belakan (8k.) ; (spitefully) 

baJa-'i dndam. 
Avenger (-er), s. pmbalas, pnuntut 

bela (Sk.). 
Avenue (av'e-nti), s. (approach) 

jalan masok; (bordered by trees) 

jalan naory.^ 
Aver (a-ver'), v. t. katakan dryan 

Average (av'er-ej), v. t. (reduce to 

a mean) ratakan, samakan; (divide 

among a number) hhayikan sama 

Average, adj. (of medium size or 

cjuality) sdaty, pertryahan* sder- 

liana (Sk.). -General average, k~ 

rnyian yary di-htiayikan antara ka- 

pal dryan muatan.* 'Particular 

average, kruyian masiry-masirg.. 

On the average, pukol rata* piikol 

Averse (a-vers'), adj. tasuka, ta- 

ymar/'' ta'sudi. 
Aversion (a-ver'sh?ai), s. (repug- 

7iance) qli, yli-glma7i* yli-ymam 

(B.); (dislike) '6/<6'/it; (for food) 

muak.'' 'Vo have a feeling of 

aversion, ralat* (Ar. yhalaT). 
Avert (a-verf), v. t. (ward off) 

elakkan,, tjAskan, tatykiskan,* sa^ 

lahkan :* (turn away, the face or 

eyes) //aliiy* palis.* 
Aviary (a'vi-a-ri), s. kuroryan bu- 

ro'Hj, mtykaran bsar; see cage. 
Aviation (-a'shi/n), s. 'ilmu* ier^ 


ate, ask, um, final, care, car, carry; eve, ben, recent, mere, her, ft'rry; ice, it, 
mirror; old, not, connect, 8<3re, sort, sorry; use, us, minj/s, cure, injure, 
hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful);* law, how, oil; thin tJicn. 





Aviator (-a-ter), s. pnaik* I'apal 
ierhary [oraty ijaty naiJc (B.)]. 

Avidity (a-vid'i-ti), s. (greediness) 
(jlojoh, bosorf (eagerness) rajin, 

geraty (NJ.) (B.)- 
Avocation (av'o-ka'sli«n), s. p- 

kerjaan, /in Hi avian. 
Avoid (a-void'), v. t. (keep away 

from) jauhkan cliri deri-pada; 
( abstain from ) pan ta lykan ; 
(evade) elakkan; (escape) J pas 

deri-pada, luput.^ 
Avoidable (-a-bl), adj. yarg holeh 

di-elah, yaiy holeh di-Iuput.* 
Avoirdupois (av'er-dn-poiz'), s. 

and adj. timhatyan Irygris. 
Avouch (a-Yowch'), v. t. (maintain 

as true) yakan,'^ suiggolil^anf^ 
(affirm) kalakan drgan tntu. 
Avow (a-vow'), V. t. (acknowledge) 

nugaku; (declare openly) lyata- 

Avowal (-al), s. prgakuan. 
Await (-waf), v. t. nanti, nantikan. 
Awake (-wak'), v. t. hargunkan, 

sdarkan, hargkitkan* jagakan* 

ka-n jaga (B.), kjotkan. 
Awake, v. i. hargun, jaga, sdar, ter- 

Awaken (-n), v. t. hargunkan, sdar- 
kan, haiykitkanj^ jayakan* kasi 

jaga (B.). 
Awakening (-n-ing)^ s. hal mni- 

hargunkan, etc., as above. 
Award (a-ward'), v. t. putuskan hu- 

kuni, pufiiskan hicliara, jafohkan 

link urn. 
Aware (-wflr'), adj. (vigilant) her- 

iigaf-irgat; (conscious) sdar, tahu. 
Awash (-wash'), adj. sania aras 

drgan ayer;* (as a rock) her- 

Away (-wa'), adv. (at a distance) 

jauli; (absent) tiada, as, away 

fi-om home, tiada di rumah; (from 

a place) peryi, as in the phrases, 

haiva peryi, take away: sudah per- 

gi, gone away; suroh pergi, send 

away. To do away with, make 
away wdth, hinasakan, hilarykan. 
To throw away, huaig. 

Awe (aw), s. ktakotan, dahsliat 
(Ar.), hehat (Ar. haihat). 

Awesome (aw'swm), adj. yarg mm- 
hri dahsliat (Ar.). 

Awestruck (-struk), adj. gruJi. 

Awful (-fool), adj. (awe inspiring) 
hebat (Ar. haihat). 

Awhile (a-whil'), adv. s-hntar, s- 
ktika, s-jurus, s-saat (Ar.). 

Awkward (awk'werd), adv. jaty- 
gal/^ chaiyyorg, kekok. 

Awl (awl), s. piyochok. 

Awning (awn'ing), s. (of sail- 
cloth) chiri {1j.), tenda; (of mat- 
ting, moveable) kajaiy; (of mat- 
ting, fixed) jruhotgf (over a ped- 
dler's stall) srodorg;* (in front of 
a shop) perdah* Awning cur- 
tains, perdah/^ 

Awry (a-ri'), adj. seroiy, erut,* 
eraiy-erut* hetyut, genjut* 

Axe (iiks), s. (Malay pattern, the 
blade fastened to the handle by 
rattan lashings) hliorg; (the usual 
])attern) kapak. 

Axiom (aks'i-y/m), s. perkara yarg 
tertntu, perkara yarg ta'asaJi di- 

Axis (-is), s. (of the earth) halah 
humi;^ (of a top) paksi,^ pargsi. 

Axle (aks'l), s. gandar roda,* achi* 

Axle box (boks), s. gantary-gantarg 

roda,'^ kjMla roda, pusat roda, hu- 

yoiy roda (P.). 
Axletree (-tre), s. rasok kreta* 
Aye (a), adv. (always) s-lama-rya, 

s-lania-lama-nja; (yes) hahkan* 

Azimuth (i1z'i-m?/th), s. sukatan di 

kaki Jatgit drgan sikii deri shlah 

Azure (azh'ur), adj. hiru muda, 

hiru laut, hiru largit. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, iis, mim<s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Baa (ba), v. i. (bleat as a sheep) 

Babble (bab'bl), v. i. (utter in- 
articulate sounds) repek* mrapek 
(B.), repet; (talk much) bletir, 
mletir (B.). clieclier* lyanjaJi,* m- 
iijeryeh (B.), chraniah.'^ 

Babbler (-bier), s. pletir*^ pnclie- 
cher* hihitwi,'^ pak mletir (B.), 
wak mletir (B.). 

Babe (bab), s. kanak-kanak, hudak 
kcliil, auak kchil. 

Babel (ba'bel), s. (the city) Bahil; 

. (confused sound of voices) hisirg, 
geger* uyar* rioh-rndah, see 


Baboon (ba-boon'), s. hrok di negri 

Baby (ba'bi), s. kanak-kanak, hudak 
kcJiiJ, anak kchil. 

Babyhood (-hood), s. masa kchil. 
From babyhood, deri kchil. 

Babyish (-ish), adj. khndak-hudak' 
'an, kanak-kanak (a). 

Babylon (bab'i-h/n), s. neqri Ba- 

Bachelor (bach'e-ler), s. hiijarg* 
truna,^ orarc) yarg hliun kahwin 

Bacillus (ba-sil'l«s), s. tumhohan 
halus-halus yarg dapat di-lihal 
diyari troporg, hama, which is pro- 
perly a small insect, hut is also 
used to mean pollen. 

Back (bak), s. hlakarg ; (between 
the shoulders) tanifmran lyamok;* 
(of a house, hill, island, etc.) 
halek. Back of the neck, trgkok. 
To turn one's back towards a per- 
son, hlakaigi."^ Lyin^i^ on one's 
back, terlntarg. 

Back, adv. (in the rear) di hlakaiy: 
(to the rear) k-hlakarg ; (to a for- 
mer place or condition) pulaig, 
knihali, halek. There and back, 
pergi-halek. Back and forth, ularg- 

aliig, ulanj-alek. To give back, 
kwbalikan, pulatgkan. To keep 
back, tahankan. 
Back, V. t. (force backwards) nndor^ 
kan; (support, aid) bantu, tolorg; 
(bet) hertaroh. To back water 
(rowing), ahah.* To turn a boat 
by backing water on one side,. 

Backache (bak'ak), s. sakit pirg- 

Backbite (-bit), v. t. nmpat, fitnah- 

kan (Ar.). 
Backbiting (-ing), s. umpat, filnak 

Backboard (-bord), s. (of a boai > 

liapan sandar, pnjandar.^ 
Backbone (-bon), s. tnlarg hlakarg; 

(the co(;cyx) tnlarg torgkerg,* tn- 
larg sulhi (Ar.). 
Backdoor (-dor'), s. pintu hlakarg^ 

pinlu mcdirg.^ 
Backgammon (-gam'mwn), s. /a- 

Background (-grownd), s. (of a 

pattern) tanah dasar;'^ (of ground 

in the rear or behind) tanaJi shlah 

hlakaig. To keep one's self in the 

background, tarek diri. 
Backhanded (-handVd), adj. (with 

tlie back of the hand) drgan hla- 
karg targan; (indirect, insincere) 

sin divan. 
Backing (-ing), s. (lining) alasan; 

(support, aid) pnihantuan, per- 

Backscratcher (-skrach-er), s. pn- 

chakar,^' pujgarok. 
Backsight (-sit), s. (of firearms) 

Backside (-sld'), s. puiggorg, pan- 

lat, loigkerg. 
Backslide (-slid), v. i. tirggalkan 

'ibadat (Ar.). 
Backstay (-sta), s. (Xaut.) tni- 

berarg turui, tahan turut, perdi, 

tali lenjgarg. 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minits, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfooi (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Backstitch (-stich), s. lia* jaJiii 
bkia, stik^ (D. steek). 

Backward (-werd), adv. (with the 
back foremost) mmblakarx); (to- 
wards the back) k-blaJcarg ; (re- 
versely) sunjsanj. Backwards and 
forwards, ulaixf-alirg , ularg-alek. 

Backward, adj. (reluctant) tasudi, 
tasuka; (dilatory) leixjah; (behind 
hand) lamhat; (in growth) her- 
dil* eliding; (in learning) hurarg 
plajaran, kurarg kpandaian. 

Backwater (-waw-ter), s. olak* 
aj/er herolak* 

Backwoods (-w^oodz), s. hutan di 

Backwoodsman (-man), s. orarg 
ulu, orarg pargan."^ 

Backyard (-yard), s. halo man hla- 
I'arg* tanah di blakarg rumali. 

Bacon (ba.'k?in), s. dagirg babi sa- 
Jai, hem (E. ham), babi hem (B.). 

Bacterium (bak-ter'i-wm), s. (pi. 
bacteria) tumbohan halus-halus 
yarg dapat di-lihat dijjan tropoig, 
dan ada yarg mndatargkan piyakit, 
liama, see bacillus. 

Bad (bad), adj. (morally) jaliat; 
(defective) ta'baik, kurarg baik; 
(worn out, decayed, rotten) burok; 
(putrid) busok; (unfortunate) 
malarg, jaliat; (counterfeit) lan- 
clioig* palsii; (severe, of sickness) 
brat, trok, payah; (of wounds) 
parali. A bad egg (addled) tlor 
tmbjarg; (containing a dead 
chicken) tlor burgkus* A bad 
name, na?na jaliat, nama Ita* 

Badge (baj), s. (mark, token) tan- 
da, 'alamat (Ar) ; (of police or 
soldiers) marka. 

Badger (baj'er), v. t. nsek. 

Badger, s. 'iinjul (Ar.). 

Baffle (baffl), v. t. (check) talian- 
kan, tgalikan; (disconcert) birgorg- 
kan, klirukan; (thwart) skatkan. 
Baffling winds, argin beraleh-aleh* 
argin pancliaroba.^ 

Bag (bag), v. t. (put in bags) isi 
dalani karorg ; (capture) targkap, 
see CATCH. 

Bag, s. (of sack cloth) guni, goni 
(B.) ; (of palm leaves, with two 
corners, large) karotg; (smaller) 
kampit, sum /At ;'^' (with four cor- 
ners) bujam* kban;* (for bla- 
clian) toporg;* (of paper, for 
cakes, etc.) kmbal;* (for clothes, 
with wooden base) buntil;* (of 
rattan network) rajut;* (for 
money, small) opau (Ch. io-pau) ; 
(larger) pimdi-pundi, uncliarg;'^ 
(wallet) sitak,* bokclia (Turk.) ; 
(leather valise, European) bek 
(E.) ; (quantity of game) per- 

Bagatelle (bag'a-tel'), s. (a trifle) 
perkara yarg kcliil-kcMl ; (the 
game) meja bola smhilan. 

Baggage (bag'gej), s. baraig-bararg ; 
(of an army) perkakas prarg. 

Bagging (-ing), s. kain guni. 

Baggy (-gi), adj. Indur/^ ber- 
gdabir;* (as loose trowsers) 

Bagpipe (-pip), s. srunai pundi- 

Bah (bah), int. clieli. 

Bail (bal), v. t. (water) timba, 
chedokkan. To bail out a boat 
(Xaut.), timba ruarg. 

Bail, V. t. (give security for a prison- 
er) jaminkan, akukan, targgorgkan. 

Bail, s. jamin, prgakuan. 

Bailable (bal'a-bl), adj. yarg boleli 
di- jamin. 

Bailer (-er), s. (bucket) timba; 
(cup with a handle) gayorg, cheu- 
torg, chantiig* 

Bailiff (-if), s. (sheriff's deputy) 
mata-mata saman ; (overseer) man- 
dor bsar. 

Bailor (bal-or'), s. orarg jamin, pn- 

Bait (bat), v. t. (harass for sport) 
oja:* (feed, as horses) bri makan; 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; tliiu then. 




(furnish bait) umpani, buboh urn- 
pan. To bait a hook, kait umpan, 
buboh umpan, jatykit (W.). 

Bait, s. umpan; (for crocodiles) 
alir* umpan alir* 

Baize (baz), s. kain hmbli* l-amli. 

Bake (buk), v. t. (over a fire) pa^y- 
garg; (before a fire) garggarg; (in 
hot ashes) bmbam; (in an oven) 

Bakehouse (bak'hows), s. rumah 
bakar rati. 

Baker (-er), s. tukarg roti. 

Bakery (-er-i), s. rumah bakar roti 

Balance (bal'ans), s. (scales) nra- 
cha;'^ (steelyard) dachiig; (any 
apparatus for weighing) timbaig- 
an; (of an account) Ibeh, baki* 
(Ar. bdqi) ; (equipoise) f/imbal- 

Balance, v. t. (keep in equilibrium) 
timbarg, timbal;* (equal) sama'i; 
(adjust an account) slsaikan, slise- 
kan (B.). 

Balcony (bal'kon-i), s. anjorg* 
branda (Port.), sotoh (Ar.j, la'- 
pe'' (Ch. ICiu-pV'). 

Bald (bawld) adj. botak; (on the 
temples) suak ;'^ (from disease) 
suJah* bubus* bulus* 

Bale (bal), s. burgkusan, bandla 

Bale, V. t. ikat bandla. 

Baleful (bal'fool), adj. yarg mn- 
datarykan bnchana, yaty mmbinasa- 
kan, yary mmbri niudlarat (Ar.). 

Balk (bawk), s. (beam) rasok* ba- 
lak (D.). 

Balk, V. t. (frustrate) tahankan, 
skafkan, tgahkan. To be balked 
( d isappointed) , kaharajxin . 

Balk, V. i. (stand still) chandi* 

Ball (bawl), s. bola; (bullet) pluru; 
(of twine) buku; (pellet rolled be- 
tween fingers) gentel; (tlie Malay 
football) sefmk-raga. Ball of the 
eye, biji mata. Ball of the foot, 
ttgah tapak. 

Ball, s. (dancing party) pnarian, 
pesfa mnari (N.I.), majlis mnati. 

Ballad (bal'lad), s. sha'ir. 

Ballast (-last), s. (Naut.) tolak 
bara; (gravel) batu klikir. 

Ballet (-la), s. tandak s-kawan, tan- 
dak s-vmpak.* 

Balloon (bal-lo5n'), s. pundi-pundi 
mlayaig, belun (E.). 

Ballot (bal'M), s. undi mmileh, 
buah undi, surat undi. 

Ballot, V. i. buaty undi, miyundi. 

Balm (bam), s. (of resin) balsam 
(Ar.) ; (that which soothes) pna- 
war, pnjlipor* 

Balmy (bam'i), adj. (odoriferous) 
harom* waryi; (refreshing) yafy 

Balsam (bawrsam), s. (balm of 
Gilead) balsam (Ar.). The water 
balsam, inai paya. A pink balsam 
growing on hills, inai batu. 

Balustrade (bal'us-trad'), s. (ma- 
sonry) kisi-klsi batu; (of wood) 
adan* skat, kelek-kelekan; (of a 
staircase) susoran taryya, pmyarg 

Bamboo (bam-boo'), s. buloh, aur* 
bambu (B.). The hedge bamboo, 
buloh China. The large yellow 
])amboo, aur yadby.'^ Bamboo 
shoots, rborg. Joints of bamboo 
used as buckets or boxes, tabory. 
Longer bamboo buckets for carry- 
ing water, bach ok.* 

Bamboozle (-zl), v. t. tipu, bi7yorg- 
kan, perkonunkan* 

Ban (ban), s. (interdiction) laraiy- 
an, paniaty; (curse) kutok, sum- 

Ban, V. t. (prohibit) pantarykan, la- 
rargkan; (curse) kutok, sumpahi. 

Banana (ba-na'na), s. pisarg. Ba- 
nana flower, jantojy pisary. Dried 
bananas, rim pi.* 

Band (band), s. (fastening) piy- 
ikat, ikatan : (ornamental ferrule) 
sanipak;* (strap, ring) rlaiy,* sini- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min//s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, avvfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




pai; (of musicians, European) 
ben (E.) ; (Javanese musicians) 
gamlan* 'Band of robbers, haivan 
pryanion, hunpolan piyamon. 

Band, v. i. (conspire) bermnafakat 
(Ar.), pal-at. 

Bandage (band'ej), s. (larofe) ba- 
rut; (small) balut, bbat, bbatan. 
Suspensory bandage (after circum- 
cision), taH lundaiy.'^ See bind- 

Bandage, v. t. band, balut, bbat. 

Bandbox (-boks), s. I'oiak Jvertas. 

Bandit (-it), s. piyaiaon. 

Bandmaster (-mast-er), s. hpdla 
ben (E.). 

Bandolier (ban'do-ler'), s. sandarg 
ptrinu* sandarg kertus* slepaiy* 

Bandy (bfind'i), v. t. baJas-mmbaJas. 

Bandylegged (-legd), adj. kali 
perglmr, hergkaig. 

Bane (ban), s, pmbinasa. yatg mm- 
baiva chlaka. 

Baneful (ban'fool), adj. yarg mm^ 
binasakan, yarg mndatargkan mu- 
dlarat (Ar.). 

Bang (bang), s. (a blow) tumbok, 
pain, pukol; (the sound, of large 
objects) gerdam-gerdom; (smaller, 
as doors and windows) dntam-dn- 
torn: (smallei* still) kertap-kertup ; 
(as iirearms) hitam-lniom ; (as the 
fall of a brass vessel) paig, porg ; 
see THUD. 

Bang, V. t. (strike) tumbok, pukol, 
palu : (so as to make a noise) dn- 

Bang, V. i. (strike) berantok, teran- 
tok; (the sound) berdntom,. 

Bang, int. dntom. 

Bangle (bang'gl), s. glaig cliri,'^' 
wahri* (Tam.), glarg targan (B.). 

Banian (ban'yan or ban'yan), s. 
(Ficus indica) ara tampok pinarg* 
ara tandok * 

Banish (-ish), v. t. buarg negri, 
buarg bombai, tondorg,* jauhkan 
deri-pada negri. 

Banishment (-ment), s. pri kna 
buarg negri, pnondoigan* 

Banister (-is-ter), s. pmgarg targga, 
susoran targga. 

Bank (bangk), s. (establishment 
trading in money) berg (E.). 

Bank, s. (of a river or ditch) tbirg, 
t'pi; (steep slope) cliuraman, tu- 
pis;'^ (sand bank) btirg, busorg ;*' 
(separating rice fields) batas; (em- 
bankment, dike) bndorg.* 

Bank, v. t. (heap up earth) tambak, 
timbo7ikan. To bank a fire, ban- 
tu tkan api, pupok"^ a pi. 

Banknote (bfingk'nof), s. warg ker^ 
tas, not (E.). 

Bankrupt (-rupt), adj. jatoh, beiq- 
krap (E.), baiykrut'i^.I.) (D.). 

Bankruptcy (-si), s. hal jatoh. 

Banner (ban'ner), s. tmggul,* 
panji-panji,* bndera (B.). 

Banquet (bang'kwet), s. perjamu- 
an, pesta (X.I.). 

Bantam (ban'tam), s. ayam katek. 

Banter (-ter), v. t. bergurau, ber- 
jnaka,"^ bersnda,* lawak* 

Bantling (bant'ling), s. kanak-ka- 
uak. anak kchik (B.). 

Banyan, s. see banian. 

Baptism (bap'tizm), s. baptis, pm- 
baptisan (X.). 

Baptize (bap-tiz'), v. t. baptiskan 

Bar (bar), s. (to fasten doors or 
windows, short) slak, prganchirg; 
(long) srgkarg, palarg,"^ kayu 
palarg;^ (rails in a fence or gate) 
kayu udintarg, kayu rembat* 
pak pagar,"^ palarg;'^ (bamer) 
saivar,* rbal:* (grating of a win- 
dow) jerjak;'^ (closing the lower 
part of a window) kim-kisi;* (at the 
mouth of a river) alargan; (coun- 
ter over which liquors are sold) 
meja tmpat jual arak; (place for 
prisoners in court) kandarg; (the 
legal profession) pkerja'an pnolorg 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minits, cure, injure, 

huriy; f56d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




hicham, pl-erjaanloyar (E.). Bar 
iron, hsi bataty. 

Bar, V. t. (obstruct, as with a bar- 
rier) 'mjxiyr), skat, galaiy; (fasten 
with a bar) siykaty, kanchirg; (ex- 
cept) kchnalikan* 

Barb (barb), s. ruit,'^ duri pandan. 
Barbed wire, kawat berduri* dawai 
duri (B.). 

Barbarian ( bar-bar 'i-an), s. (un- 
civilized) orarg liutan, orarg ja- 
kun; (cruel, savage) oraiy b^yis, 
oraiy tlalim (Ar.), orarg kasar 

Barbarism (bar'ba-rizm) s. (un- 
civilized state) hal orarg hutan; 
(fault in langua<?e) perkataan 

Barbarity (bar-bar'i-ti), s. kbrgis- 
an, kkasaran (B.), perbuatan ja- 

Barbarous (bar'ba-rws), adj. (un- 
civilized) kasar; (cruel) bryis, 
gararx), ganas.^ 

Barbed (barbd), adj. berruit,* ber- 
duri. Barbed wire, kawat berduri, 
dawai duri (B.), 

Barber (bar'ber), s. tukarg cliukor, 
tukarg guntivc). 

Barbet (bar'bet), s. burorg pkaka 
hutan,* buroiy pkaka riniba.* 

Bard (hard), s. prgararg sliavr. 

Bare (bar)^ v. t. buka, ddah, bryai.* 

Bare, adj. (deprived of coverino^, as 
the head or hills) yondol, lokosj* 
(of trees) reryyes,* lokos,* botak 
(B.) ; (naked) t1anja?y, boyil,* 
bulns;* (exposed, but not absolute- 
ly naked) terbuka, terddah; (only 
just) hanja,'^ chuma, as, only a 
bare livino^, Jtanja'^ chukop niakan 
sdhaja \churna (B.)]. 

Bareback (bar'bak), adv. tiada ber- 
plana,* tiada bersela.* 

Barefaced (-fasd), adj. (shameless) 
muka tbal, muka slaniba, muka pa- 

Barefooted (-foot-ed), adj. tiada 

berkasut, kaki terbuka, berkaki 
ay am.* 

Bareheaded (-hed'ed), adj. yondol, 
tiada bertopi, tiada berkopiah. 

Barelegged (-legd), adj. btis ter- 

Barely (-li), adv. (merely) sahaja; 
(scarcely) njaris* ta', hampir ia' ; 
as, barely enough, liampir ta'clm- 
kop; barely escaped, igaris* ta'- 
dapat Ipas, hampir ta'lpas. 

Bargain (bar'gen), s. (agreement) 
perjanjian; (advantageous pur- 
chase) untoty; (some tiling bought 
cheap) bara?y murah. To strike a 
bargain, putuskan herya, ttapkan 
jualan. Into the bargain, Ibeh 
layi, basi.* 

Bargain, v. i. (to beat down the 
price) tawar. 

Barge (barj), s. (cargo boat) toty- 
kary, jonjkorgj* (Malay flat-bot- 
tomed boat) ktiap;* (Chinese 
boat) sampan- kotak; (pleasure 
boat for a raja) lanchaiy* yebeig,* 
prahu knaikan; (for his atten- 
dants) pelarg.* 

Bargepole (-pol), s. galah. 

Bark (bark), s. (of a tree) kulit 
kayu; (for tanning) kulit samak;* 
(sound of a dog) saJak, mryalah 
(B.), konjkorg; (the vessel) see 


Bark, v. i. (of a dog) salak, miyahh 

(B.), korgkorg. 
Bark, v. t. (remove the bark from) 

kopak, kupaskan; (in strips) soyak, 

siat, soyat;* (rub off skin) glu- 

Bar-keeper (bar'kep-er), s. oraty 

jual arak. 
Barley (-li), s. shair (Ar.). Pearl 

bai'ley, bras B I an da. 
Barmaid (-mad), s. prempiian jual 

Barm (barm), s. ragi. 
Barn (barn), s. (Malay rice store) 

hykiarg,* jlapaty,* brmban,* ba- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




?o/i,* hruhoiy (P.)? lumhoiy 
(N.I.), see Bix; (any store) 
gdorg, gudarg, hygiian;* (shed) 

Barnacle (bar'na-kl), s. (sessile) 
teritip; (stalked) gugutan^' 

Barometer (ba-rom'e-ter), s. /?- 
nimharrj udara. 

Baron (bar'wn), s. suatu paigJcat 
haigsaican orarg Eropah, see duke. 

Baronet (-et), s. parglcat yaig di 
haiuah " baron/' 

Barque (bark), s. l^apal diia tiarg s- 

Barracks (bar'raks), s. haret (E.), 
riimah soldado, targsi (X.I.). 

Barrel (-rel), s. (cask) to)y, pipaf 
(of a gun) /ara,^. Double barrel- 
led gun, snapary dua laras, snapary 

Barren (-ren), adj. (childless) 
mandul,^ taheranak (B.) : (of 
land) kurus, darykal.'^ 

Barricade (-ri-kad'), s. skat, 'm- 
pary, saivar* 

Barricade, v. t. rhat,'^ 'mparg. 

Barrier (-ri-er), s. skatan, pagar, 
saicavf (leaves, etc., hung as a 
sign to bar the way) gawar* 

Barring (bar'ring), prep, (except- 
ing) mlainkan, haiya.* 

Barrister (bar'ris-ter), s. pguam* 
pnoloty Ucliara, loyar (E.), see 


Barrow (-ro), s. kreta sorory, kreta 

Barter (bar'ter), v. t. tukar. 

Basalt (ba'sawlt or ba-sawlt'), s. 
batu marmar hitam* 

Basal (ba'sal), adj. asal (a), deri' 
pada asal. 

Base (bas), adj. (morally low) kji,"^ 
busok (B.). 

Base, s. (foundation) alas; (pedes- 
tal) tapak: (the lower part, as of 
walls or pillars) kaki; (of trees) 

' pargkal; (essential part) pokok; 

(the metal which serves as a found- 
ation for plating) snam* 

Base, V. t. alaskan. 

Baseless (ba-s'les), adj. tiada her* 
shah, tiada heralas. 

Basement (-ment), s. terykat ru- 
mail yary masok k-tanah. 

Bashful (bash'fool), adj. kmalu- 
maluan, ksipu-sipnan, ta'lpas la- 

Basil (baz'il), s. (Ocymum basil- 
icum) slaseh antan, ruku-ruku* 

Basin (ba'sn), s. (metal) hokor* 
hajan* loyarg ; (earthenware) 
maiykok, pasu, paso (B.). 

Basis (-sis), s. (principal compon- 
ent) i&w;' (fundamental principle) 
alas, pokok. 

Bask (bask), v. t. (in the sun) her- 
jm or. 

Basket (bas'ket), s. (coarse, open 
plaiting, as follows in order of 
size) kranjary, jaras,* raga,* krun^ 
tory,'^ kumhu,* jlondok,'^ tryka- 
lary;* (close plaiting) srok,* ha- 
kill, porykis, rantary,* tarykil,* 
kiidai,* tenoryf (carried on the 
back) galas, "^ rarykiry,'^' katary,* 
jaryki,* amborg,* yariry;* (in sets, 
one inside another) romhory; (on 
a pole for gathering fruit) sary- 
yorg;* (for setting round-bottomed 
pots in) Ikar. 'To begin to make 
a basket, taja.* 

Bass (bas), adj. (of the voice) w- 
rrykory,* bam (Ar.). 

Bassinet (bas'si-nef), s. (cradle) 
buaian rotan, bo-biie rotan (B.), 
ayiinan rotan,"^ 'ndul raya.^ 

Bast (bast), s. (of the banana tree) 
tali pisary, slisir;'^ (of palms) sam- 

Bastard (bas'terd), s. anak ta'nikah, 
anak zina, anak gampary, anak 
snndal; (child of a concubine) 
anak yiindek. As a term of abuse, 
karam-zadah, anak liaram. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; Ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimts, cure, injure, 

hurry ; food, foot, awf ool (awful) ; law, how, oil ; thin then. 


Baste (brist), v. t. (cudgel) hantai, 
pukol, gasak; (in cooking) clie- 
rher* diyan Imak; (in sewing) 
jhijor, lari hnmy. 

Bastinado (bas'ti-na'do), s. ssah 
tapal' haki. 

Bastion (bas'chiin), s. slekoli kota* 
ktlum. (Tarn.). 

Bat (bat), s. (the large fruit bat) 
kluaiy, klambit;* (the common 
.small bat) kJlawar/^ klawar, kla- 
war-Jawar;'^ (a smaller species) k- 

Batavia (ba-ta'vi-a), s. Btawi. 

Batch (bach), s. (of bread) s-kali 
bakar; (group or collection of 
things) s-loiygok, s-rmpahj^ s-tom- 
pok; (of persons) s-kawan, s-kum^ 

Bath (bath), s. (receptacle) haldi 
mandi;'^ (act of bathing) mandi. 

Bathe (baf/i), v. i. mandi; (of royal- 
ty) her sir am* 

Bathe, v. t. mandikan. 

Bathing cloth (ba^/t'ing clawth), 
s. kain hasalian, kain hasali, cliokin 
(Ch. chho'-kun), clnikin (B.). 

Bathos (ba'thos), s. perkara hsar- 
bsar di-tarafkan diyari yary hukan- 
hukan, s-hiryga mmhri tertaiva.* 

Bathroom (bath'rdom), s. tmpat 
mandi, hilek pe-rmandian, kamar 
mandi (j^.I.). 

Baton (bat'zm), s. toiykat khsaran 
i/ary di-pakai oleli prylima praig, 
torykat kpala hen (E. band) ; (po- 
liceman's) hlantan* torykat tvarifi 
(E. warrant). 

Battalion (ba-tal'ywn), s. pasokan 

Batten (bat'tn), s. hroti, kai/u pak* 

Batten, v. t. To batten down a 
hatch, tntop palkah (L.)^ tutop 

Batter (-ter), s. (in cooking) adon- 
an* hercliampnr tlor, susn, dan s- 

Batter, s. (slope) churaman. 


Batter, v. t. (beat repeatedly) titeh, 
ktok, tiunbok; (demolish) rmok^ 
kan, hanchor. 

Battered (-terd), adj. (demolish- 
ed) rmok; (dented) Ikok, kniok- 

Battering-ram (-ing-ram'), s. p- 
numhok temhok kota. 

Battery (-i), s. (fort) kuhu, henterg 
(X.I.) ; (of artillery) pasokan m- 
riam; (electric) ohat talipon; 
(stamps for ore) pnumhok karary. 

Battle (bat'tl), s. praty, ppra7yan. 

Battle, V. i. herprary, herlawan. 

Battle-axe (aks), s. kapak pprargan, 

Battlefield (-feld), s. medan ppraty' 
an, padaiy pprargan. 

Battlement (-ment), s. kmunchdk 
temhok ijarg herchlah-chlah. 

Battue (bat'too) s. perhurvan. 

Bauble (baw^'bl), s. perhiasan yarg 

Baulk (bawk), s. halak (D.), rasok* 
hatary kayu. 

Bawd (bawd), s. alku, harua, pinarg 
muda (P.). 

Bawl (bawl), v. i. hertriak-triak, pit, 
mnjret (B.), pkek, kriau (P.). 

Bay (ba), adj. (of horses) merah. 

Bay, s. tlok; (very small) suak;* 
(division of a structure between 
pillars) ruaig ;* (laurel tree) po- 
lion salam;* (prolonged barking) 
korgkorg. At bay '(facing assail- 
ant), hertalian, mlaivan, mnntary. 

Bay, V. i. (prolonged barking) kory- 

Bayonet (ba'o-net), s. mata sary- 
kor* pdary snapary (B.). 

Bay window (win-do), s. jndela 
mrganjiir* iitgkap mryoroiy* 

Bazaar (b<2-zar'), s. (market) pasar, 

Be (be), v. i. (exist, be present) 
ada; (exist in a certain manner or 
relation) jadi; (take place, hap- 
pen) jadi; (as passive auxilliary) 

ate, ask, run, final, eare, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, care, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 


kna, as, he was beaten, dia Jena 
pukol; (with present participles) 
tiyah, sdaiy, as, he is sleeping, dia 
trgah iidor. To be oft', pergi. Be 
off! njah-lah^^ hinchit* bemmhus, 

Beach (beeh), s. pantai. 

Beach, v. t. (j^aut.) kandasJcan. 

Beachcomber (bech'kom-er), s. 
orarr/ bargsat, oraiy liaryvt. 

Beacon (be'kn), s. (pole on or near 
shore) bairup;'^ (to guide fisher- 
men) taiida, panchanj. 

Bead (bed), s. (perforated ball) 
manel'y manek-manek ; (of liquid 
or molten metal or glass) titekr 
'Coral beads, merjan* A string of 
beads for prayer, tasbeli (Ar.). 

Beading (bed'ihg), s. (ornamental 
edging) lis (D. lijst), kumai.* 

Beak (bek), s. (of a bird) paroh* 

Beaker (belv'er), s. (cup with a 
foot) piala* 

Beam (bem), s. balak (D.), batarq 
kayu : ( supporting floor- j oists ) 
rasok;^ (floor joists) glgar;"^ (wall 
plate) alarg* tutop tiarg; (roof 
tie beams) kasau;* (beam of a 
plough) targkai bajak, kmiidi ba- 
jak, targkai trggala (P.) (Pk.) ; 
(of a loom) psa;"^ (of an an- 
chor) bataixj sauli; (of light) sinar, 
clialiya; (width of a ship) bulta. 
On its beams ends (Naut.), ter- 

Beam, v. i. bersinar. 

Beamy (bem'i), adj. (Naut.) bun- 

Bean (ben), s. kacliarg. French 
beans, kacliarg pendek. Kidney 
beanSj kacharg bunchis* (D.)- 
Yam bean, ubi srgkitarg* Bean 
sprouts, kchambaJi* tauge (Ch. 

Bear (bar), s. bruarg. The Great 
Bear, bintarg bidok* bintarg jorg* 

Bear, v. t. (carry) bawa, bawak 
(B.) ; (support, sustain) targgorg; 

43 BEAT 

(endure) tahan, drita (Sk.), targ- 
gorg; (bring forth children) ber- 
anak; (of royalty) bersalin; (bring 
forth fruit) berbudli, kliiarkan 
bnah. To bear arms, pakai snjata. 
To bear down (as a woman in 
labour), trati. To bear m mind, 
irgat. To bear malice, mnaroh dn- 
dam. To bear off, batva pergi. 
To bear with, sabarkaiv. To bear 
witness, bersaksi, naik saksi. Can- 
not bear, tiada lamt, tiada rut,*- 
taboleli tahan. See also under 


Bear, \. i. (produce fruit) berbuah; 
(refer or relate to) kna-mrgna. It 
bears due north (Naut.), hala-n/a 
utara tpat. To bear away (Naut.), 
turut. To bear up (be firm), ber- 
ttap liati. 

Bearable (bar'a-bl), adj. yarg ter- 
drita (Sk.), yarg dapat di-tahan. 

Beard (herd), s. jarggot. 

Beard, v. t. lawan berhadapan, tn- 
targ, laivan bersnmka* 

Bearded (berd'ed), adj. ber jarggot. 

Beardless (-les), adj. tiada ber jarg- 

Bearer (bar'er), s. (one who car- 
ries) pmbawa; (at funerals) prg- 
nsoig may at. '^ 

Bearing (-ing), s. (deportment) 
gaya, bargun;* (good or noble ap- 
pearance) sikap;{hehsLYiouT} laku* 
tefykah-laku; (meaning) arti; (di- 
rection) hala;* (journals in ma- 
chinery) lobarg ganda roda.* 

Bearing rein (ran), s. ras lipat. 

Beast (best), s. binatarg, haiwan 
(Ar.) ; (wild animals in general) 
mergastua (Sk.). 

Beastly (best'H), s. (degraded) 
Z7Y,* liina, bagai binatarg. 

Beat (bet), v. t. (generally) pnkol, 
hntam; (with a stick) palu, blarg- 
korg;* (a heavy stick) godam;* 
(with something pliable) sbat, 
ssah; (slang words) gasak, balian,^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, more, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, mim/s, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin th^u. 




haliui* hdal, hantai; (with the 
iist) tumhol-; (as a woman) go- 
cJioh;* (grain in threshing, or 
clothes in washing, or as waves) 
hantuy; (as carpets) tbah;* (as 
drums) pukol, pain* titir* tpok; 
(in a mortar) tunihok; (on an 
anvil) tmpa, titeJc; (overcome) 
alafikan* kalalikan (B.). To 
beat down (in price), taivar. To 
beat lip (as eggs), pukol, haru* 
puiar, pudi;* (up and down) 
^njut. To beat the breast, tbah 
dada* tarn par dada, tpok dada. 
To beat time on a drum, teiykah* 

Beat, V. i. (throb) berdbar; (as wind 
or waves) tmpoJi, bantiry; (Xaut. 
= tack) berpal-iKil, buaty prai. 

Beat, s. (stroke) palu; (pulsation) 
dbar, dnryutj* (of music) sajak 
(Ar. saj'a) ; (round of a watch- 
man) sambanj* 

Beaten (bet'n), adj. (vanquished) 
kalah, tewas;* (of metal) tmpa' 
'an* tnifxiwan* 

Beating (-ing), s. (act of striking) 
hal mmukol, lial itimalu, etc., see 
beat; (pulsation) dnryut* dbar; 
(tacking) ber pal-pal, buaiy prai. 

Beatific (be-a-tif'ik), adj. yary 
minbhayiakan (Sk.), yarg nuyuka- 

Beatify (be-at'i-fi), v. t. (regard 
as happy) bilarykan bhayia (Sk.), 
hilargkan untorg (B.) ; (make hap- 
py) bhayiakan (Sk.) ; (E.G.) ma- 
sokkan dalam bilaryan oraiy kra- 

Beatitude (be-at'i-tud), s. (happi- 
ness) bhayia (Sk.), sntosa. 

Beau (bo), s. (dandy) si kachak, 
psolek,* bwai;* (lover) kkaselt. 

Beauteous (bu'ti-i/s), adj. elok,* 

Beautiful (-fool), adj. elok* molek, 
chantek, bayus; (of places) per- 
mai;* (of things, words or appear- 
ance) indah. 

Beautify (-fi), v. t. (make beauti- 
ful) elokkan;* (adorn) hiasi* 
riaskan (B.), adon* 

Beauty (bu'ti), s. k'elokan. Beauty 
spot, ialii lalat, taik lalat (B.). 

Becalm (be-kam'), v. t. tdolikan. 

Becalmed (-kamd'), adj. (i^aut.) 
kmatian aiyin. 

Because (-kawz'), conj. sbo^b, kerna. 
Because of, prep, oleli,* ohh sbab* 
deri sbab, fasal, lantaran (N.I.). 

Beche de mer (bash'de-mar'), s. 
trijxiiy, yaniat* liaisom (B.) 


Becic (bek), s. soyok* isarat (Ar. 

Beckon (bek'n), v. t. soyok* bri 
isarat (Ar. ishdrat), isaratkan; (by 
waving the hand or some object) 
lanibai; (with the fingers) yamit;* 
(with one finger) knit. 

Becloud (-klowd'), v. t. klamkan,* 

Become (-kum') v. i. jadi, mnjadi. 
To become a Moslem, masok Islam, 
masok Mlayu. 

Become, v. t. (suit, match) padan. 

Becoming (-ing), adj. (appropri- 
ate) padan, patiit, kna, layak; (de- 
corous) snonoh. 

Bed (bed), s. (gen.) tnipat tidor; 
(of princes) peraduan;* (bed- 
stead) ranjaty, katil;* (made of 
wood) yta;* (raised platform for 
sleeping on) pntas;* (bridal bed) 
plamin,* ranjary kmantin (B.) ; 
(mattress) tilam; (of a river) 
paloty suryai;* (of gardens) 
petak; (foundation) alasan. To 
be in bed, tidor. Bed rock, batu 
hanipar,* dadur.* To go to bed, 
masok klanibu, peryi tidor* (speak- 
ing to a child) peryi bam.* 

Bed, v. t. (set in earth) tanani, 

Bedaub (be-dawb'), v. t. linnorkan; 
(slightly, as with the finger) pa- 
lit* chalit.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Bedbug (bed'biio), s. pijat-pijat, 

kutu- husoli, I'pindbri (N.I.), ha sat 

(B.) (Ch. hat-sat). 
Bedchamber (-cham-ber), s. hileh 

ticlor; (of prmces) hilek peradu- 

Bedclothes (-klo//tz), s. (sheet) 

diadar (Hind.) ; (covering) sli- 

niut, ghar.'" 
Bedding (-ding), s. (native) tikar- 

hantal; (mattress) til am; (for a 

liorse) hincha* 
Bedeck (be-dek'), v. t. hiasi* rias 

Bedew (-du'), v. t. 'mhunkan, ha- 

sahkaii sperti drgan 'mhun. To 

be bedewed, kna 'mhun, her'mhun. 
Bedim (-dim'), v. t. (make dim) 

kahuskan;* (obscure) klamkan.'^ 
Bedlam (bed'lam), s. (madhouse) 

rumah sakit gila; (place of up- 
roar) tmpat huru-liara. 
Bedouin (bed'oo-in), s. oiwg B- 

datri (Ar.). 
Bedpost (-post), s. tiatg katil,'^ 

iiaig ranjaiy. 
Bedraggle (be-drag'gl), v. t. glu- 

Bedridden (bed'rid-dn), adj. sakit 

fa'holeh haigun, sakit terhampar* 
Bedroom (-room), s. hiJek tidor; 

(of princes) hilek pemduan.^ 
Bedsore (-s5r), s. lechet'^ shah lama 

ferharirg [mlechet (B.)]. 
Bedstead (-sted), s. katil* ranjaty. 
Bee (be), s. (honey bee) Ihah; 

(smaller species) kliilut* kram* 

Ihah lalat (B.) ; (carpenter bee) 

Beef (bef), s. dagirg Imhu. 
Beefsteak (bef'stak'), s. s-potoig 

dagirg Imhu, histek (E.). 
Beehive (be'hlv), s. rumah Ihali. 
Beehunter (-hunt-er), s. pawaig 

Bee line (-Ini), s. jalan mmutus,"^ 

jalati mrintas,* jalan mrgat.* To 

make a bee line, mrgumharg (kum- 

Beer (ber), §. hir (E.). 
Bees-nest (bez'nest), s. satwy Ihah, 

sialaigf' (abandoned) samharg.* 
Beeswax (-waks), s. lilin Ihah, li- 

lin samharg."^ 
Beet (bet), s. lohak hitam. 
Beetle (be'tl), s. kumhaig. 
Befall (be-fawF), v. t. datary atas, 

heriaku atas* kua. 
Befall, V. i. jadi, heriaku,"^ ter- 

doroiy,^' datary. 
Befitting (-fit'ting), adj. padan, 

patut, laijak. 
Befog (-fog'), V. t. kahuskaji.'^ 
Before (-for'), prep, (of place) di 

hadapan, dpan, di muka; (of 

time) s-hlum, dhulu deri-pada; 

(facing) tntary, hertntaryan drg- 
an. Before long, tiada hrapa 

lama, tiada herlanjut masa.* 
Before, adv. (of place) di hadapan, 

dpan, di niuka; (of time) dhulu; 

(earlier) Iheh dhulu, ter dhulu; 

(already) memary, sdia. As be- 
fore, sperfi sdiakala (Sk.), sperti 

Before, conj. s-hlum, dhulu deri- 

Beforehand (-hand), adv. ter- 

Befoul (be-fowl'), v. t. chmarkan, 

najiskan, kotorkan. 
Befriend (-trend'), v. t. toloiy, 

Beg (beg), v. t. (ask) minta, pinta;* 

(make a petition) pohonkan.* To 

beg pardon, minta mahap (Ar. 

ma'df), minta am pun. To beg to 

be excused, minta diri.* 
Beg, V. i. (ask alms) minta sdkah, 

dadok,* kichak (Ch. khit chidh). 
Beget (be-gef), v. t. heranakkan. 
Beggar (beg'ger), s. oraiy yarg 

'mint a sdkah, oraty kichak (Ch.) ; 

(religious mendicant) fakir (Ar.), 

darwish (Ar.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minjis, cure, injure ' ' 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Beggar, v. t. (make poor) papa- 
hut r (make iiiadeciuate, surpass) 

Beggarly (-li), adj. (poor) miskin, 
pajm;'^ (contemptible) liina, Ita* 

Begin (be-gin'), a'. i. t. mida'i; 
(ill weaving mats) laganj;* (in 
making baskets) iaja* 

Beginner (-er), s. orarg yary hharu 
Diulai, orarg hliaru hi ajar. 

Beginning (-ing), s. mida, per- 
mulaan, pargl-al, awal (Ar.) ; 
(origin) asal. From the very be- 
ginning, deri awal pertama-rya.* 

Begone (-gon'), int. ryafi,"^ 7yah' 
Jah/' ijichit* heramhvs, mrgam- 
hus (B.), pergi-lah. 

Begrime (-grim'), v. t. berslelveh- 

Begrudge (-gruj'), v. t. (regret ex- 
penditure) sayarg. 

Beguile (-gH'), v. t. tipu, perdaya- 
I'arw^ smtkan. 

Behalf (-haf ), s. In behalf of, Ur- 
im, al'an/^ hagi pihal-.* 

Behave (-hav'), v. i. berlalcU; m- 
lal-ul^an diri, hawa dm. 

Behaviour (-yer), s. laku, hlahuan^ 
prargai, fe'el (Ar.), terghah-lahu, 

Behead (be-hed'), v. t. prggal* le- 
Jiir, panclioiy l^jxila, tndas'^ JcvaJa, 
potoiy Icpala, iampairf^ I'paJa, Icrat 

Behest (-best'), s. liukum, psan; 
(of a king) titah.'^' 

Behind (-hind'), prep, di blakarg, 
di baleh'; (if motion is implied) 
Ic-blqlcarg , I'-balel-; as, he went be- 
hind the hill, dia pergi Jc-balc'c 
hidcit. Behind the door, di baleh 
jrintu. One behind another, ber- 
iiirg-irirg, berb\mtnt-bnntiit, ber- 
tnv da-ton da.* Beliind one's back, 
Had a s-tahn. 

Behind, adv. (of place) di blal-arg ; 
(towards the back) k-blakarg; (of 

time) blakarg, terkmdian. Left 

behind, ktirggalan. 
Behindhand (-hand), adv. (in 

time) terkmdian, terakhir (Ar.) ;, 

(tardv) lambat, lewat. 
Behold (-hold'), v. t. (look at) 

tergok, pandarg, kleli (P.) ; (see) 

Behold, int. tergok, tergok-lah. 
Beholden (-hold'n), adj. (bound 

in gratitude) yaig mnrima kaseh; 

(indebted) berliutaig kaseh. 
Beholder (-er), s. oraiy yarg m- 

lihat, pnenjok. 
Behove (-h5v'), v. t. patut, hndak,. 

liarus, wajib (Ar.). 
Being (be'ing), s. (existence) ^•'- 

adaan; (a living thing) kjadiun^ 

inakhlok (Ar.). 
Belabour (be-h"i'ber), v. t. (beat 

soundly) bantai, bdal, gasalc, hn^ 

tarn, tuhirg. 
Belated (-lat'ed), adj. lewat. 
Belay (-la'), v. t. (iSTaut.) tambat^ 

Belaying pin (-ing pin), s. 

(Xaut.) tol, tuli-tidi. 
Belch (belch), v. i. serdawa, sndawa 

(B.). To belch forth (emit), 

kluarkan, suiborkaih; (vomit) 

Beleaguer (be-le'ger), v. t. kpotyj, 

Belfry (bel'fri), s. batgun-bargun^ 

an loch erg, rvmah locherg. 
Belie (be-lV), v. t. dustakan (Sk.)^ 

Belief (-lef), s. perchaya, imaii 

(Ar.) ; (creed, religion) agama. 

Jigama,* igama. 
Believe (-lev'), v. t. (regard as 

ti'ue) perchaya; (place confidence- 

in) liarap, yakinkan* (Ar. yaqln). 
Believe, v. i. (think, suppose) fikir,. 

saigka. To beUeve in (have re- 
ligions faith in), perchaya akan; 

(liave confidence in) yakinkan 


ate, ask, run, fiiifll, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, ns, min?/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (av. ful) ; law. Low, oil; thin then. 




Believer (-er), s. (religious) orarjj 
hcriiiiaih (Ar.), omrg miCmin 

Belittle (-lit'tl), v. t. liinakan, hji- 
l-an,"^' l-chillnn, rndahhui, royan- 

Bell (bel). s. lochety, lonclierg* 
lintaf (cow-bell) kruntiiy* Icron- 
choty : (miniature bells) gii'uy- 



Bellicose (berii-kos), adj, 

sid-a herprarg. 
Belligerent (bel-lij'er-ent), adj. 

j/aig herprarg. 
Bell metal (bermet-al), s. loyaig* 

gargsa* tnihaga prmggu* 
Bell-mouthed, adj. muhit terl-cliU' 

Bellow (bel'lo), v. i. (of cattle) 

kuak"* m)guah'\f (of mankind) 

raorg, mraorg (B) : (of wind) 

dru, nindru (B.). 
Bellows (bel'loz), s. puputan* km- 

hman^'^ prghmhus/^ tiop-tiop apt 


Belly (-11), s. prot. 

Bellyache (-ak), s. sakit prot, sal-it 
mmulas, miilas, snak; see colic. 

Belly band (-hand), s. (of a horse) 
iali /jrot; (of children) harut; (of 
an elephant) tali rnut.^ 

Bellyful (-fool), s. To have one's 
bellyful, jmu, muak.^ 

Belong (be-long'), v. i. (be the pro- 
f3crtY of) jadi milek (Ar.), ani- 
piLujaf^ purya, in such phrases as, 
it belongs to me, aku-lah yarg am- 
purya dia, la-Jali milek-kii, itu 
mliya purya (B.) ; (be connected 
with) masok, jadi sidarg* jadi 
memher (B.), as, he belongs to 
that club, dia jadi sidarg perskutu- 
an ifn. 

Belongings (-ingz). s. Jierta hnda, 
hak (Ar.), milek (Ar.) ; as, these 
are my belongings, ini-lali hak 

Beloved (-luv'ed), s. kkaseh, chin- 
ia, ksayaiyan, huah liati. 

Below (-15'), prep, and adv. hawah, 
di hawah, terkhawah; (when mo- 
tion is implied) k-hawah : (down 
stream) shJah hilir. 

Belt (belt), s. (girdle) ikat pirg- 
garg; (with cla^p) tali pndirg ; (a 
long cloth) hrgkorg; (sword belt 
woin over the shoulder) sandaig.* 

Belting (belt'ing), s. (of machin- 
ery) tali psawat,* tali jntra. 

Beluchistan (be-l6o'chi-stan'), s. 
negri Balchi. 

Bemoan (be-mon'), v. t. (by wail- 
ing) ratapkan; (pity) kasehankan, 
ksiankan (B.) ; (lament) ssalkan. 

Bench (bench), s. (long seat) harg- 
ku; (trestle) kuda-kuda; (work- 
man's) rneja tukatg, meja hindu;* 
(judge's seat) kursi hichara: 
(court of justice) niajlis hichara, 
niahkawah (Ar. ). 

Bend (bend), v. t. (curve slightly) 
Intor,* hntorf' (sharply) hntok;"^ 
(bend down under pressure) Zn- 
diit* Idorg* To bend the knee, 
lipat lilt lit. To bend down (bow 
the head), tundokkan. 

Bend, v. i. (be crooked or curving as 
a river) Jergkoig; (as trees with 
wind) layah.'^ To bend down 
(the body), tundok: (boughs of a 
tree) Impai,* llai;* (with fruit) 
liiyot* To bend the body (side- 
ways) leiygok: (in any direction) 

Bend. s. (in a stick, etc.) klok* 
kalok* hntok,'' hergkok (B.) ; (in 
a road or river) sJekoh/^' leigkok,* 
hliku* heigkok (B.) ; (in a kris) 

Beneath (be-neth'). prep, and adv. 
di hawah; (unworthy of) tiada 
layak, tiada pad an. 

Benediction (ben'e-dik'slum), s. 

Benefaction (-fak'shwn), s. (bene- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hiirrj"; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin f/ien. 




fit conferred) I'hajikan, JchaiJcan 
(B.) ; (gift) I'lunia (Sk.), derma 

Benefactor (-ter), s. yarrj mmbuat 
khajihun, oranj demtawan (Sk.). 

Benefice (-fis), s. wakaf (Ar.). 

Beneficence (be-nefi-sens), s. 
(kindness) hniurahan; (good 
deeds) kbajil-an, khaikan (B.). 

Beneficent (-sent), adj. (kind) 
murah liati: (producing good) 
yarg uniihuat kbajikan. 

Beneficial (ben'e-fisli'ai), adj. her- 
f/iwa, herfaidah. 

Benefit (-fit), s. (favour, act of 
kindness) kurnia (Sk.), kbajikan; 
(advantage, profit) fa'idali, un- 

Benefit, v. t. (be beneficial to) hri 
fa'idali, bri nntoiy. 

Benefit, v. i, (gain advantage) ft^r- 
oleJi tintoiy/'' dapat untorg, ber- 
untorg, berfa'idali. 

Benevolence (be-nev'o-lens), s. 
(good will) prgasehan, kmurahan; 
(act of kindness) kbajikan, kbaik- 
an (B.). 

Benevolent (-lent), adj. berprg- 
asehan, murah liati. 

Bengal (beng-gal'), s. negri Brg- 

Bengalee (-i), s. orarg Biggali. 

Benighted (be-nlt'ed), adj. (over- 
taken by darkness) kmalaman, 
kgla])an, k^ilam an.^ 

Benign (-nln'), adj. Imbot liati, 
murah hati; (of diseases) rergan. 

Benignant (-nig'nant), adj. murah 

Bent (bent), adj. (of the body 
backwards) kdek,* Idiiy;* (down- 
wards) borgkok : (sideways) berg- 
kok; (concave) hitek : (warped) 
Idirg f (up and down) borgkok- 
kdek;* (zigzag) biarg-bivt,* berg- 
karg-bergkok, bergkak-beigkokCB.) , 
kelaig-kelok;* (crooked) erut,* 

Bent, s. (tendency of the mind) 
rhndroig hati, chondrorg hati (B.). 

Benumbed (be-numd'), adj. 
(slightly) t<bar, kbas; (more) 

Benzine (ben-zen'), s. mhyak ben^ 

Benzoin (-zoin'), s. (styrax ben- 
zoin) kiiumjaii, miijan (X.I.). 
Bequeath (be-kweth'), v. t. (by 

will) irasiatkan (Ar.) ; (leave to 

posterity) tiiggalkan. 
Bequest (-kwesf), s. luasiat (Ar.). 
Bereave (-revl), v. t. (deprive of) 

hilargkan, putuskan ; (by death, of 

children, etc.) pupnskan* 
Bereft (reft'), see bereave. 
Beri-beri (ber'i-ber-i), s. pryakit 

siiibap kaki, basal, '^'^ biri-biri. 
Berry (ber'ri), s. buali kchil, sperti 

km-untirg, mata kuchirg dan s- 

Berth (berth), s. (appointed place) 

tnipat; (sleeping place) tmpat 

tidor, pntas;* (employment) pker- 

Beseech (be-sech'), v. t. polion^ 

kan,* minta sargat, minta baryak^ 

Beset (-set'), v. t. (press in upon) 

impit, empet (B.) ; (surround)- 

lergkorg,* krumuni; (as enemies) 

Beside (-sTd'), prep, (at the side 

of) di sisi,* di fjn; (near) dkat;- 

(over and above) lain deri-pada^ 

To be beside one's self with anger^ 

lupakan diri. 
Beside, Besides (be-s!dz'), adv. 

(more than that) lain lagi, lagi 

pula: (moreover) tambahan pida,. 

lagi pun. 
Besiege (-sej'), v. t. kporg. 
Besmear (-smer'), v. t. lumorkan, 

palit;'^ (slightly) chalit.* 
Besmirch (-smerch'), v. t. chmar^ 

kan; (as reputation) busokkan 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, niinj^s, cure, injure, 

hurry; f56<l, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 





Besot (-sot'), V. t. birgorgkan. 

Bespatter (-spat'ter), v. t. percheh 
drgan chmar; (intentionally) rn- 
jis chgan eh mar. 

Bespeak (-spek') v. t. (enorage be- 
forehand) tmpah, psan terdhulu; 
(indicate) njatakan. 

Besprinkle (-spring'kl), v. t. per- 
chelc, rnjis. 

Best (best), adj. and adv. ya^g haik 
skali, terlheh bail:, terlbeh utama 
(Sk.), terutama (Sk.). The best 
possible, s-baiJc^bail'-n/a. To do 
one's best to — , choba s-brapa 

Bestial (bes'chal), adj. cliara bina- 

Bestir (be-ster'), v. i. grakhan. To 
bestir one's self, bergolot-golot/^ 
bergJoUglot, bergopoli-gopoli. 

Bestman (best-man'), s. prgapit 
mmplai,^ pnjawat mmplai* pa- 
wai/"' pua-kia" (B.) (Ch. phod"- 

Bestow (be-str/), v. t. (store) sim- 
pan, taroh; (give) bri, kurniakan 
(Sk.), anugrahkan (Sk.), kasi 


Bestride (-strld'), v. t. kargkarg, 
cJiIapak^' clilapokf (step over) 

Bet (bet), v. i. bertaroJi. 

Bet, s. ptarohan. 

Betake (-tak'), v. t. To betake one's 
self (resort to), pakai, gunakan; 
(go) pergi. 

Betel (be'tl), s. pokok sireh. 

Betel box (boks), s. tepak,* tmpaf 
sireh, bkas pinarg ;* (for princes 
and weddings) piian :* (hexa- 
gonal) sjnbi'ap:* (pouch of 7»?r/- 
kuarg) bujam,* epok;^ (of cloth, 
for a bridegroom) burgkusan. 
See also betel tray. 

Betel nut (nut), s. (the fruit of the 
areca palm) bnali pinarg. 

Betel pepper (pep'per), s. (piper 
betle) sireh. 

Betel tray (tra); 

(of metal) 

joronjf (witli a foot) chranaf 
(boat shaped) chrana bidok.* 

Bethink (be-thingk'), v. t. Bethink 
one's self, knarg, terknarg. 

Betide (-tid'), v. t. (happen to) 
berJaku alas. 

Betide, v. i. berlaku, jadi. 

Betimes (-timz'), adj. (early) siaig^ 
hari; (in good time) aical icaktu 
(Ar.), siarg-siaig. 

Betoken (-to'kn), v. t. (show by 
signs) tandakan; (indicate) ryata-- 

Betray (-tra'), v. t. (give up by 
'treachery) srahkan drgan khianat 
(Ar.) ; (deceive) tipu, perdai/a- 
kan."^ To betray one's ignorance, 
njatakan kbodokan. To betray a 
secret, bukakan rahsia. 

Betrayal (-al), s. hal miyrahkan,. 
haJ ninipu, etc., as above. 

Betroth [-ivbth'), v. t. tunarg. 

Betrothal (-al), s. pertunargan. 

Betrothed {-ivbthA), adj. ber^ 

Betrothed, s. tunargan. 

Better (bet'ter), adj. Ibeli balk,, 
lagi baik; (in health) baik, sehat,. 
ryaman, smboh,* btali.'^ Better 
than, baik deri-pada, Ibeli boih 
deri-^pada. It were better, had 
better, rmak, arggor,"^ Ibeh baik 
(B.) ; as, rnmk mati deri-pada hi- 
dop, it were better to die than live. 
To think better of (person), in- 
dahkan Ibeh, tetyok Ibeh ada mata 
(B.) ; (an opinion) aleh bichara*' 
obali fikiran. To be better off,. 
berfaidah,"^ Ibeh snarg (B.). 

Better, v. t. (make better) baikki; 
(surpass) Ibehi. 

Between (be-twcn'), prep, antara, 
di trgah. Between. '. . .and. . . . ^ 
antara. . . .drgan 

Bevel (bev'el), s. senderg serorg. 

Bevel, V. t. serorgkan senderg. 

ate, ask, am, fincrl, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re. sort, sorry; iise, us, mim/s. cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t7ten. 




Bevel gear (ger), s. gigi jnira 

Beverage (bev'er-ej), s. niinuidan. 
Bevy (bev'i), s. (ot* jjersons) luiii' 

polan; (of birds) luwan.'^ 
Bewail (be-wal'), v. t. rataplan, 

lanjisi* mnafgkisl'an, triaM-an 


Beware (-war'), v. i. uyat, jaga. 
To beware of, jaga din deri-pada. 

Bewilder (-wil'der), v. t. hugorg- 
kan, Idirnkan, Merukan (B.), s- 
mll'an 'ak-al. 

Bewildered (-derd), adj. hiigoir), 
h-lh'u. kJeru (B.). 

Bewitch (-widi'), v. t. I'uakan ohat- 
guna, hikniaikan (Ar.), knakan 
sili'u* (Ar. .s'iiliV). 

Bewitched (-wieht'), adj. terkna 
obat-guna, terkna siliir (Ar.). 

Bewitching (-witch'inf^), adj. yaiy 
mnjukakan, yatg mnihrahikan.'^ 

Beyond (-yond'), prep, (on the 
further side) shlaJi, di halek: (of 
roads or Avater) shrarg; (in time) 
lewat deri-pada; (exceedinor) Ibeh 
deri-pada, terlauipau deri-fmda.^ 
To 2:0 beyond, lalui,'^ Ihehi* lam- 
paui,'^ hiiat terlampon pulak (B.). 

Bezoar (-zor'), s. gmala* guliga, 
mstika (Jav.), hnntat. 

Bhang (bang), s. (Cannabis indica) 

Bias (bi'as), s. (leaning of the 
mind) chndroty liati,'^ chondroig 
hati (B.) ; (slant) serorg. 

Bias. V. t. chndron/kan,'^ chondroig- 
kan (B.). 

Biassed (-ast), adj. hrat sblali. 

Bib (bib), s. kain lapek dada pada 
wakta makan. 

Bible (bl'bl), s. Kitab, Kitab Allah. 
The Mohammedans know only 
three divisions of the Bible, name- 
ly, the Law {Taunt), the Psalms 
(Zabur), and the Gospel (Infil). 

Biblical (bib'li-kal), adj. deri-hal 
Kitab Allah, Kitab Allah (a). 

Bibliography (-og'ra-fi), s. daftar 
ki tab-kit ab dan siirat-surat.'^ 

Biceps (bi'seps), s. buah Irgan, 

Bicker (bik'er), v. i. bertigkar. 

Bickering (-ing), s. pertiykaran. 

Bicycle (bl'si-kl), s. kreta lerery, 
kreta argin,^ baisikal (E.), kreta 
roda (B.). 

Bid (bid), v. t. (otl'er a price) ta- 
irar: (order) suroh; (invite) 
parggil, j input, cliia" (B.) (Ch. 
chhid'^). In such phrases as, to 
bid defiance, to bid one welcome, 
to bid farewell, bid can be repre- 
sented by bri. To bid fair (seem 
likely), rupa-nja mau, boleh di- 

Bid, s. pnaivaran. 

Bide (bid), v. i. tirggal. 

Bide, V. t. (wait for) nantikan; 
(endure) tahan, drita (Sk.). 

Biennial (bi-en'ni-al), adj. yarg 
dua tahun skali, tiap-tiap dua 

Bier (ber), s. nso?gan,* jnazah 

Bifurcated (bi-fer'kat-ed), adj. 

Big (big), adj. bsar, gdarg (Smn.), 
ago)g (Jav.). 

Bigamy (big'a-mi), s. baijoh* To 
conmut bigamy (of a woman), 
kmbarkan ■ Jaki, duakan laki, kah- 
icin dua laki (B.). To be in a 
state of bigamy (of a woman), 

Bight (bit), s. (bay) tlok; (bend 
of knee or elbows) plipatan; (of 
rope, Xaut.) yobah. 

Bigot (big'wt), s. oraiy buta hati, 
oraig dgil deri-hal agama. 

Bigoted (-ed), adj. dgil deri-hal 

Bigotry (-ri), s. hati dgil deri-hal 

Bile (bll). s. (the secretion) hm- 
pdu; (anger) marah. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, fr-rry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minj/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool fawful) ; law, how, oil; thin tJien. 




Bilge (bilj), s. (Xaiit) (flat part 
of a ship's bottom) prot kapal; 
(place for bailing) timha-ruarg. 
Bilge water (Naut.), ayer nianj. 

Bilingual (bl-ling'gwalj, adj. yaiy 
herb ham dim. 

Bilious (biry//s), adj. sahit lim- 
par'^ (passionate) pmarah; (ill- 
tempered) prrgus* prampus* 
hrgis (B.). 

Bilk (bilk) J v. t. tipu, perdayakan.'^' 

Bill (bil), s. (of birds) parolif 
(billhook) paraig jargok;'^ (state- 
ment of account) surat hutarg, hit 
(E.), rekning (D.) ; (a draft of 
a law) nuskhah undarg-iindarg 
(Ar.) ; (placard) pikat, paR-at 
(B.). Bill of fare, daftar naum- 
nama mal'anan* 

Billet (bil'let), s. (of wood) s-krac 
kayn, baJian,^ tual:'^ (a note, short 
letter) surat retgl-as ;* (berth, 
position) pl'erjaan. 

Billet, V. t. tumpargl'an soJdado di 
rumali-rumah orarg. 

Billhook (-hook), s. pararg jargoh* 
paraig cliandoiq.^ 

Billiards (-yerdz), s. Uliad (E.), 
meja hoi a (Port.). 

Billion (-ytin), s. s-juta jutaj^' satu 
wilian milian (B.) ; (U. S.) s- 
rihu jiifa* s-rihu milian (B.). 

Billow (-15), s. omhak, glomharg, 

Billowy (-i), adj. herglomhaig, her- 
oinhaJ,-, heralun.* 

Billsticker (-stik-er), s. orarg yanj 
mnarnpal pllat [paR'at (B.)]. 

Bimonthly (bi-munth'li), ?i^]. yanj 
diia hulan s-l-ali. 

Bin (bin), s. (enclosed space) I'o- 
tah; (for rice) IcpoTc, Jcmhorg,"^ 
hhthor* Dust bin, torg sampaJi. 

Bind (bind), v. t. (tie, make fast) 
il-at: (tie up, tether) tamhat; (tie 
hands and feet or four legs) ra- 
pus,^ rempoigf-' (hands behind 

back) kilas; (tie in bundles) 
herkasl'an* ikat hergmal-gmal ;* 
(bandage) hahd, hhat; (as the 
edge of a mat or garment) om- 
pok/^ lapis: (as the spurs are 
bound on a fighting cock) hularg:*- 
(books) jelet* Utah (Ar. jilid), 
jahit huku (B.) ; (compel) paksa. 

Binder (bind'er), (that which 
binds) pigikat; (bandage) harut, 
kain hhat; (after childbirth) harut 
pavjaig: (book binder) tnkarg 
je/ef^ (Ar. jilid), tukarq jahit 
huku (B). 

Binding (-ing), s. (on edge of 
cloth) ompok;* (of a book) jelet'^ 
(Ar. jilid). 

Binnacle (bin'na-kl), s. (Naut.) 
rumah pdoman, rumah kompas 

Binocular (bi-nok'u-ler), adj. her- 
niata-dua. Binocular glasses, tro- 
ponj dua mata. 

Biography (-og'ra-fi), s. hikayaf^ 
kali ido pan orarg [chrita (B.)']. 

Biology (-ol'o-ji), s. Hhnu haiiaf 

Biped (bi'ped), adj. herkaki-dm. 

Birch (berch), s. nama pohon kayu. 

Bird (herd), s. hurorg, urggas."^ 
Ladybird, anal' cliina.'^ 

Birdcage (-bij), s. sargkar^ sig- 
karan (B.). 

Birdcatcher (-kach-^r), s. pmikat 

Birdlime (-iTm), s. gtah hurorg. 

Bird of paradise (uv par'a-dis), s. 
huronj chndrawaseh* hurorg indror- 
waseli (B.). 

Bird's nest (berdz'nest), s. saraig 

Birth (berth), s. (being born) jadi, 
kjadian, lahir (Ar. tldhir) ; (lin- 
eage, descent) asah kt unman; 
(origin) asal. Of high birth, 
hargsawan * berhargsa, orarg hsar^ 
hsar (B.). Of low birth, bargsa 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old. not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use. ns, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




rndah. A king by birth, raja her- 

Birthday (berth'clii), s. liari jadi, 

Jiari Wiir'^ (Ar. tldliir), hari di- 

Birthmark (-mark), s. tanda sama 

jadi, tanda deri inemanj* tanda 

bcranak (B.). 
Birthplace (-plas), s. tnipat tiun- 

jjah daraJi, ianali aijer, tmpat lahir 

(Ar.), tnipat chut-si (B.) (Ch. 

Birthright (-rit), s. (of primo- 
geniture) liak ksulotr/an. 
Biscuit (bis'kit), s. bisl-iit, mslcot 


Bisect (bl-sekf), v. t. kvat dim. 

Bishop (bisli'op), s. bishop (X.) ; 
(in chess) (jajah. 

Bison (bi'son), s. sladatg Ameril^a. 

Bit (bit), s. (for horses) Iwy, Jc- 
harg,^' lagatn (Hind.) ; (piece) s- 
h'piiy, s-krat, s-chnipiry* s-chbis* 
s-tandi}y* s-joreiy;^ (a little) s- 

Bitch (bich), s. anjiry btina. 

Bite (bit), V. t. yiyit, uiyyis; (as 
birds and snakes) patoh, pagut, 
chatok; (as savage animals) to- 
A-a^-;* (as cattle) rayut;* (as in- 
sects or fish) Mit,'^' Mip* ktep 
(B.) ; (take hold, as an anchor) 
nialun; (take bait, as a fish) ma- 
I'an ka'il. To bite the lips, Idap 

Bite, s. (place bitten off) s-uryyis; 
(mark of the teeth) bl-am. Mos- 
quito bite, bkas Mip lyaniol', bin- 
tit* biniat. 

Biting (l)it'ing), adj. (sliarp, sar- 
castic) tajam. 

Bitter (bit'ter), adj. (of taste) pa- 
liit; (of pain) bim; (severe) kras, 
biyis; (of weeping) sdeh. 

Bitterly (-li), adv. (of weeping) 
tersdeli -sdeh, tersdan-sdan. * 

Bittern (-tern), s. purhory. 

Bitts (bits), s. (Xaut.) mut 

Bitumen (bi-tii'men), s. bolory ta- 

Bivalve (bl'villv), adj. isi-kararg 
yaiy bertaiykup, sperti kima,* ku- 
pary, lokan, tirani, kjxih, krarg, 
dan s-bagai-nja. 

Bivouac (biv'oo-ak), v. i. bernialani 
di tan ah. 

Blab (blab), v. i. bebel,* pchahkan 
rah si a. 

Blab, s. mulut bochor, orarg bebeU 
an* chu/mk psok* mulut clilu- 

Black (blak), adj. hitam, lyam; 
(gloomy, as the sky) rdop. Pitch 
blacky liitani lyam. Black under 
the eyes, berylatyyary hitam di 
niata.* A black eye, mata bakup.* 
Black and blue (of bruises), Ibani. 
The black substance used for stain- 
ing teeth, yrary,* baja.* The 
l)lack art, 'iJmu siliir (Ar.). 

Blackball (blak'bawl), v. t. buaiy 
undi tatrima.* 

Blackboard (-bord), s. papan hi- 
tam, papaii tulis. 

Blacken (blak'n), v. t. hitamkan; 
(the teeth) yraiy,* berbaja:* (the 
eyes) bevchlak; (the eyebrows) 

Black eye (T), s. mata bakup.* 

Blackguard (blag'gard), s. (scoun- 
drel) oraiy kji,* orary busok, pn- 
jara (B.), orafy lucliah, orarg 
hu-lie; (vagabond) baigsat. 

Blacking (blak'ing), s. blargkiii 
(E.), blekking (B.). 

Black lead (-led), s. tras pensil.* 

Blackleg (-leg), s. pryelat. 

Blackmail (-mal), v. t. tiintut watg 
dryan paksa atau yertak, minta 
upah nnyimpan rahsia. 

Blacksmith (-smith), s. tukaiy bsi. 

Bladder (blad'der), s. (taken out 
and inflated with air) ylmbonjan; 
(urinary bladder) impat knchirg; 
(blister) tpoh, tmhotok.* 'Gall 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minjfs, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




bladder, pundi-ptindi Jinipdu* 
fin pat {sL hmpdu (B.). 

Blade (blad), s. (of grass) s-lai, s- 
hlai;*' (of a knife) niaia; (of an 
oar) daiin dai/oiy; (of a paddle) 
daun piyaijoli; (of an anchor) 
kukii sauli; (of a ploughshare) 
nai/am* Shonlder blade, tularg 
hlil-at,'^ tularg hahii. Blade of a 
propeller, daun I' i pas-lea pal. 

Blain (blan), s. hisul. 

Blame (blam), v. i. chla, salahkan, 
(hacliat, tarn pel'.* 

Blame, s. (censure) cMa, hclilaan; 
(fault) salali, l-mlalian, dosa. 

Blameless (blam'les), adj. tiada 
herclila, tiada hevsalali, suclii deri- 
pada salali . 

Blameworthy (-wer-///i), adj. ler- 
chla, salali. 

Blanch (blanch), v. t. putelihan, 

Blanch, v. i. ninjadi pucliat. 

Bland (bland), adj. Imali-lmhot, 
man is lahu. 

Blandishment (blan'dish-ment), s. 
pujok, cliumhu-chumhuan,* piijol'- 

Blank (blangk), adj. (empty) ko- 
sorg, ham pa;* (without writing) 
tiada hersurat; (without expres- 
sion, of the face) muka hatii. 
Blank cartridge, ptruni herisi obat 
saliaja, tiada berpluru. 

Blank, s. tmpat kosorg, tmpat la- 
■ parg. 

Blanket (blang'ket), s. (the fa- 
bric) kmhli* kamli; (bed cover- 
ing) slimut, ghar* ghar panas* 
slimut kamli. A wet blanket, ba- 
raig atau orarg yaig mnaivarkan 

Blarney (blar'ni), s. pujok. 

Blaspheme (blas-fem'), v. i. t. hu- 

Blasphemous (blas'fe-m«s), adj. 
ijaig mrgliujat.* 

Blasphemy (-mi), s. liujat.* 

Blast (blast), s. (of air) limhiis; 
(from bellows) limbusan, puput- 

an;* (of steam) hnihusan wap; 
(sound) hnnji trompet; (blight) 

balak (Ar. bald') ; (explosion) 

I to pan. 
Blast, V. t. (cause to wither) layu- 

kan; (ruin) binasakan. To blast 

rocks, tembak bat a, bantunkan 

Blasting (-ing), s. kltopan, klayu- 

an, kbinasa'an, see above. 
Blatant (bla-tant), adj. yarg mn- 

jrit, ryamg. 
Blaze (blaz), s. njala. 
Blaze, V. i. berryala. 
Blaze, V. t. (mark trees) ranchali;* 

(make public) masoliorkan (Ar. 

maslihur), nialumkan (Ar.). 
Blazing (blaz'ing), adj. bernjala. 
Blazon (bla'zn), v. t. (make public) 

masoliorkan (Ar. masliliur) ; (em- 
hellish) liiasi* riaskan (B.). 
Bleach (blech), v. t. putehkan. 
Bleak (blek), adj. (cold) sjok, 

diigin;* (exposed) yarg kna argin 

Blear (bier), adj. Blear-eyed, mata 

bills, mata kabiir. 
Blear, v. t. kaburkan. 
Bleared (blerd), adj. kabur. 
Bleat (blet), v. i. 'mhek, bek. 
Bleed (bled), v. i. berdarali, kluar 

Bleed, v. t. (by cupping) bkam* 

buarg daiali. 
Blemish (blem'ish), s. (defect) 

cliacliat, clidra (Sk.) ; (in 

character) kchla'an, cliacliat. 
Blend (blend), v. t. cliampur. 
Bless (hies), v. t. (invoke a blessing 

on) berkati; (make happy) blia- 

giakan (Sk.) ; (pronounce holy) 

kuduskan (Ar.) ; (praise, glorify) 

puji, bsarkan. 
Blessed (blesVd). adj. (worthy of 

adoration) terpuji; (happ.v, highly 

favoured) bliagia (Sk.). ' 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice it fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure ' ' 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then ' 




Blessedness (-nes), s. hhac/ia 

Blessing (bles'ino:), s. (divine fa- 
vour, benediction) berkat; (means 
of happiness) hliagia (Sk.). 

Blight (blTt), s. (of insects) hiah;* 
(mildew) lapol', mlapok (B.), 
I'ulat* chndawan; (destruction) 
l-layuan, kbinasaan. 

Blight, V. t. laijukan, rosakkan. 

Blind (blind), adj. buta. Blind of 
one eye, buta s-blah. Blind alley, 
lororg s-krat, jalan buntu. Blind 
drunk, maboh biiiya slaseli.'^ Blind 
fool, clieme* (Ch. chhi"-mi). 

Blind, V. t. bidakan. 

Blind, s. (screen of bamboo or rat- 
tan) bidai; (of a palanquin) kerki 
(Tam.). Venetian blinds, tirgkap 
Upas, rap-rap (B.), tiiykap ram* 
(I), raam - window) . 

Blindfold (blind'fold), adj. berikap 
mata, bertkop mala;* (reckless) 
buta-tuli, babi buta* 

Blindly (-li), adj. To act blindly 
or recklessly, buat buta-tuli, mm- 

Blindman's buff (-manz buf), s. 
main CUina-buta,* tutop ibu,* 
main les,* main tutop mata (B.). 

Blink (blingk), v. i. klip mata, 
kijip fnata,* kjap mata* Blink- 
ing, terklip-klip. 

Blinker (-er), s. pnutop mata kiida. 

Bliss (blis), s. (blessedness) bhagia 
(Sk.) ; (joy) suka-chita (Sk.), 

Blister (blis'ter), s. (small, as a 
mosquito bite) bintat, bintil, bintel 
(B.) ; (larger) Ipoh, glmborg. 

Blister, v. i. IcheJi,* Icliop* mltop, 
Ipoli, (jhnborg; (by burning) 
Ichor,* Ichop,* Hop, Ipoh, bertm- 

Blithe (hMth), adj. suka-hati, ber- 
suka-fMta (Sk.). 

Blizzard (bliz'zerd), s. argin ribot 
yarg amat sjok. 

Bloated (blotVd), adj. bigkak, sm- 
bap; (of the stomach) bunchit^ 
kmboig; (with pride) bonfkak* 

Block (blok), s. (of wood, sawn off) 
reja; (hewn) bahan* torgkoh* 
borgkali,* tualj* (for chopping 
on) J an das;* (mold for a fez) 
kalbot (Ay) ; (of tin) jorgkorg;* 
(pulley) takal (E.), kapi;* (ob- 
struction) skatan. Double block 
(Xaut.), takal dua mata. 

Block, V. t. (obstruct) srgkarg, skat; 
(stop up) timbus, kambus;* (of 
holes) sumbat. 

Blockade (blok-ad'), v. t. (of a 
port) kporg; (obstruct) skat. 

Blockhead (blok'hed), s. oraiy 
bodoli, orarg tolu, orarg drgu,* 
orarg torgorg.* 

Blockhouse (-hows), s. (Malay 
stockade) kubu. 

Block-tin (tin'), s. timah jorgkorg.* 

Blonde (blond), s. (of hair) perarg. 

Blood (blud), s. darali. Flesh and 
blood (relations), dagitrj darali. 
Blue blood, batgsa baik, darak 
puteh. His blood boiled, darah- 
lya mrgirap.* 

Bloodless (blud'les), adj. kuraiy 

Bloodletting (-let-ting), s. buaig 
darali, bkain.* 

Blood money (mun'i), s. tbusan 
njawa, diat (Ar.). 

Bloodrelation ( -re-la 'sl^m), s. du- 
girg-darali, sanak-saiidara.* 

Bloodshed (-shed), s, (slaughter) 

Bloodshot (-shot), adj. Bloodshot 
eyes, mata merali, mata biji saga. 

Bloodthirsty (-therst-i), adj. ya>g 
suka mmbunoli, yarg lindak m- 
numpalikan da rah. 

Blood vessel (-ves-sd), s. urof 
da rah. 

Bloody (-i), adj. berdarah, her- 
lumor darah. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 
hurry; f55d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 





Bloom (bl5om), s. biitga; (on fruits) 
lapun buah* I'poJt huali* 

Blooming (-ing), adj. (flowering) 
berbufya; (healthy) bersehat. 

-Blossom (blos'swm), s. burga; 
(bud) Mdop, kuntnm; (of palm 
trees) mayarg; (of bananas) jan- 
iorg. In blossom, berburga, ber- 
}naijarg, berjantorg. 

Blossom, V. i. berburga: (of palm 
trees) bermai/atg; (of bananas) 

Blot (blot), V. t. (stain) choreiy, 
(honteig, slel'ehkanf (with blot- 
ting paper) lapkan, sapkan* tl-ap- 
JiWi. To blot out, liapu-^,'^ bunoli. 

Blot, s. iitek, titik (B.), clionteig. 

Blotch (bloch), s. clioreig: (on the 
skin, small) bintel' ; (white) pa- 
nan burga; (black) panau bsi; 
(white, on hands and feet) somJc. 

Blotter (blot'ter), s. pjglap surat. 

Blotting paper (-ting pa'per), s. 
kertas kmbanj. kerfas lap, kertas 
pdap* kertas tkap, kertas pntap* 
kertas sap.* 

Blouse (blowz), s. baju yarg di-pa- 
kai oleh prempuan oraty puteh 

Blow (bio), s. (with a stick) sbat, 
fxilu; (with the flat of the hand) 
trnpelerg, tarn par, spak; (with the 
side of the fist) parap, gochoh;*- 
(with the knuckles) tumbok, tin- 

Blow, T. i. t. tiop; (with the mouth) 
hmbus; (wind instruments) tiop; 
(as w^hales) patgus;* (of bellows) 
pupiit* To blow awav (as the 
wind), layargkan, terbargkan. To 
blow out (a light), padani, tiop. 
Blown out of one's course 
(Xaut.), bias, rem pat. To blow^ 
up (swell), kniboig, glmbory; (ex- 
plode) Itop. To blow out (liquid 
from the mouth), smbur. To 
blow the nose, buarg iigus; (the 
sound) 'sarg,* ksatgj^ sih:* (with 

the lingers) Ic/rit irgus.* To blow 
over (as a storm), bias.* Eain 
blown in, tnipias. 
Blowpipe (blo'pip), s. (blow gan) 
suiiLpitan; (to intensify heat) 

Blubber (blub'ber), s. hnak pa us, 

niinjak ikan paus. 
Bludgeon (bluj'wn), s. blantan* 
Blue (bloo), adj. birii. Dark blue, 

biru tua. Light blue, biru muda. 

Sky blue, biru largit. Blue eyes, 

niata sabun, mata pasak,* mata 

yu.* Black and blue, biru Ibam. 

Blue blood, bargsa baik, darah 

Blue, s. (the pigment, indigo) nila, 

blau (D.) (X.L) 
Bluebottle (blo5'bot-tl), s. Mat 

hijau, laiyau hijau. 
Bluestone (-ston), s. trusi.* 
Bluff (bluf), adj. (steep) clnirani; 

(rough in manner) kurary bhasa, 

Bluff, s. (steep bank) tbiiy tirggi; 

( 1 ) raggadocio ) ge rtak, ug ut.* 
Bluff. V. t. gertak, ugut.* 
Blunder (blun'der), s. silap. 
Blunderbuss (-bus), s. pmuras.* 
Blunt (blunt), adj. tumpol, kurarg 

taiani, majal;* (unceremonious) 

kurarg bhasa. 
Blunt, V. t. tumpolkan. 
Blur (bier), v. t. (soil) kumalkan;* 

(of vision) kabvskan,* kabnrkan. 
Blurred (blerd), adj. (of vision) 

klam, kabur, kabus;* (of writing, 

by soiling) kumal;* (of colours, 

by wetting) turun. 
Blurt out (blert owt), v. t. katakan 

drgan bergolot-golot.* 
Blush (blush), s. bra muka,* ch- 

pua,* muka berobah (B.). 
Blush, V. i. berobah werna muka. 
Bluster (blus'ter), v. i. (of wind) 

bertiop knchaig; (of persons) 

Bluster, s. rafgah.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t^en. 




Boa constrictor (bo'a kon-strik'- 
ter), ^. '</«/' ^(iii'd di Amerika. 

Boar (bor), s. habi jantan. Wild 
boar, hahi hutan. 

Board (bord), s. (timber) papan; 
(food) makanan; (council) ma- 
jlis, jmadh (Ar.). On board ship, 
di I'apal, naik kapal. Chess board, 
papan chatur* To go b}^ the 
board, hinasa. 

Board, V. t. (feed) hi makan; (a 
shi])) naik kapal. 

Board, v. i. (take meals) makan 
du/an hayeran. 

Boarder (bdrd'er), s. oiwy yary ?»- 
ninnijaiy, orarg yary mmhayer ma- 

Boarding (-inor), §, (with planks) 
]ial mmiikol papan; (the planks) 
papan- dindirg, papan lantai; 
(feeding) lial mmhri makan. 
Boarding house, rumah mnum- 
parg. Boarding school, skolah m- 

Boast (host), V. i. mgahkan diri* 
hsarkan din, bermgah* chakap 
bsar, chakap mlamhorg, tvnjok 
patras/^ tunjok rarggi, mnjomhorg. 

Boasting (bost'ing), s. kmgahan;* 
(empty boasting) chakap argin, 
chakap raborg,^ chakap mlamborg. 

Boat (bot), s. prahu, sampan; (a 
large Malay sampan) gebeiy;* (at 
Malacca) jwahti nadir; (fishing 
boat) bidok;^ (river boat) ktiap;* 
(European, sailing boat) skochi 
(D.) ; (pleasure boat for rajas, 
also model boat, for offerings to 
the spirits) lancharg;* (a child's 
model boat) joiy. See also barge, 
CAXOE. Ferry boat, sampan tarn- 

Boat hook (hook), s. bodok (E.) ; 
(forked for pushing away from 
branches in rivers) galalt sargga 

Boat house (hows), s. bargsal 

Boatman (-man), s. anak prahu. 

Boatswain (bo'sn), s. (Xaut.) qa- 
nil (E. gunner). Boatswain's 
mate, tandil, srarg, kasap. Boat- 
swain's chair, planchar, aram- 

Bob (bob), V. i. (up and down mo- 
tion) tergmbut-gmbnt;* (on the 
surface of water) teratoiy-atorg ;*■ 
(in water) timboJ-Uyglam. 

Bob, s. (of the head) arggok; 
(plumb bob) batu tali sipat. 

Bobbin (bob'bin), s. (for lace-mak- 
ing) buah renda; (in weaving) 
anak torak,"^ pltiiy;* (for thread) 
buku bnarg, glendorg bnarg. 

Bobstay (-sta), s. (Xaut.) tali 
i org or. 

Bode (bod), v. t. It bodes no good,. 
tiada baik padah-nja.^ 

Bodice {ho^'h), ^^.bajukotorg;*^ (of 
Indian women) choli (Hind.), 
kutaig (X.I.). 

Bodily (-i-li), adj. deri-hal badan, 
badan (a) ; (corporeal, as opposed 
to spiritual) berlmbaga.* 

Bodily, adv. (entirely) s-mata- 
mata, skaU, habis. 

Bodkin (-kin), s. (stiletto) pnjo- 
chok; (tape needle) jarom pnjo^ 

Body (-i), s. badan, tuboh;* (dead 
body, of mankind) mayat; (of 
animals) bargkai; (trunk, as dis- 
tinguished from the head and 
limbs) batarg tuhoh ;* (the ma- 
terial part, as opposed to the spiri- 
tual) Imbaga;* (a mass, a thing) 
bncla; (a corporation) perhimpo?i' 
CM, majJis, Imbaga: (a person) 
orarg, as, anybody, bararg s'orarg; 
nobody, s'orarg pun tidak. A body 
of troops, pasokan. 

Bodyguard (-gard), s. juak-juak.^ 

Bog (bog), s. paya gambut,* paya 

Bogey (bo'gi), s. hantu, momok. 

Boil (boil), v. i. (be in ebullition) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tJierx. 




mndideli, hual ; (Tiolently, with 
noise) glgak; (be in boiling water) 
rhus; (be excited with passion) 
mradarxj. 'To boil over, lemhak* 
ruap. His blood boiled, damli-nja 

Boil, V. t. (cook in water) rbus; (of 
rice) tanak;* (of leaves) chlor; 
(things in general) masak; (to 
softness) lodehf (in a double 
saucepan) Urn (Ch.). See steam. 
A hard boiled egg, tlor rhus, tlor 
niatrg (X.I.). A soft boiled egg, 
tlor S'trgah masak', tlor s-trgah 
matig (X.I.). 

Boil, s. hisul. Core of a boil, punat. 
A blind boil, hisul shu7i* 

Boiler (boil'er), s. (vessel) huali; 
(of copper) grenseig, dandaig;"^ 
(of a steamship) hailar (E.) ; see 
CM'LDROX, PAX. Boilcr plate, hsi 
papati, hsi hailar. 

Boisterous (bois'ter-«s), adj. (of 
wind) hicharg; (of people) ga- 
rarg; (stormy) glora* 

Bold (bold), adj. (brave) hrani; 
(too forward) hurarg malu, mul-a 
slamha, miil-a thai, muka chandi. 
To make bold, thallan muka. 

Boldfaced (bold'fast), adj. uiuka 
thai, muka slamha. 

Bollard (bol'lerd), s. (Xaut.) mut, 
niol (X.L). 

Bolster (bol'ster), s. hantal giillrg,^' 
hantal golek,'* hantal plok, hantal 

Bolster, v. t. (prop with pillows) 
sndal ;'^ (suppoii;) sokotg; (aid) 

Bolt (bolt), s. (arrow) anak panah; 
(thunderbolt) halilintar,* panah 
ptir; (door fastening) kanchiiy, 
lachak,* slakf (of cloth) kagu. 
Bolt and nut, pasak skrup.* 

Bolt, V. t. (fasten with a bolt) slak,* 
kanchitg; (swallow whole) tlan, 

Bolt, V. i. (start or go suddenly) 
(hahot lari. 

Boltrope (-rop), s. (Naut.) ris. 

Bomb (bom), s. priok api. 

Bombard (bom-bard'), v. t. teni- 
haki, tenihaki drgan priok api, 

Bombardment (-ment), s. lial m- 
nenihak dtga?i mriam atau priok- 

Bombast (bom'bast), s. chakap 

Bombastic (bom-bas'tik), adj. her- 
hual hsar. 

Bona fide (bo'na fi'di), adj. and 
adv. surggoli, digan s-suiggoh- 
nja, sail. 

Bond (bond), s. (fastening) ikatan; 
(shackles) rantai, hlurggu,"^ ikat- 
an; (binding influence) prgikat, 
perhuhonan, tamhatan; (legalobli- 
gation) surat jamin, surat perjanji- 
an, surat akuan. In bond, kna ta- 
han s-hluni hayer chukai. 

Bondage (bond'ej), s. perliamhaan, 

Bondservant (-serv-ant), s. lianiha. 

Bone (bdn), s. tuJanj. A bone of 
contention, perkaia tn/karan. 

Bonfire (bon'fir), s. a/ji hsar, api 
tan da ksuka'an. 

Bonnet (-net), s. tojn niem-mem. 

Bonny (-ni), adj. cliantek, molek. 

Bonus (bo'ni/s), s. hageran kerna 
s-suatu k'untoigan, hadiah (Ar.). 

Bony (-ni), adj. bertulaig. 

Boo (boo), V. i. (make a noise to 
startle) sergah. 

Booby (boo'bi), s. ora^g hodoh, 
orarg drgu,"^ oraig tola. 

Book (book), s. (generally) surat, 
huku (E.) ; (religious and scien- 
tific works) kitah (Ar.). Ac- 
count book, surat kira-kira. Story 
book, huku chrita. Book of 
charms, surat pnstaka (Sk.), tib 
(Ar.). To bring to book, trnplak. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




Book, V. t. (register, enter in a 

book) S2iraU-an. 
Bookbinder (book'blnd-er), s. tu' 

l-arg jelet* (Ar. jilid), tukarg 

jnhit hul'u (B.). 
Bookcase (-kas), s. ahnari Vitab, 

alinari hul'u, grohoh surat* 
Bookkeeper (-kep-er), s. tukarg 

hira-hira, pnjurat kira-kira, tukarg. 

masok htik, chai-hu (Cli. tsdi-Mi). 
Bookrest (-rest), s. rehal (Ar.). 
Bookseller (-sel-er), s. pnjual ki- 

tab, oranj jiial huku. 
Bookworm (-werm), s. (insect) 

ggat : (person always readinor) 

orarg rajin mmhaclia. 
Boom (boom), s. (Xant.) an- 

darg-andajg ha wait, bom (E.) ; 

(obstruction to a haii)our) bataig; 

(holloAV sound) dguin. 
Boom, V. i. berdniom ;^ ■ (rise in 

value) naik herga. 
Boon (boon), s. kurnia ('Sk.), pm- 

Boor (boor), s. (rustic) orarg dii- 

sun: (ill-bred person) orarg kurarg 

ajar, orarg liutau. 
Boorish (-ish), s. kurarg ajar, bia- 

dab (Pers.), kasar, cliroboli.'^ 
Boot (boot), s. sfKitu (Port.), spatu 

but (.E.). To boot, tamhalian 

Bootblack (boot'blak), s. prggosok 

spatu, pmblargkin spatu* 
Booth (boo/7/), s. (for hunting) 

jruinbun,* buuibun;* (to live in) 

pondok, pondo7g,* dargau;* (stall 

in market) bargku. 
Bootlace (boot'las), s. tali kasut, 

tali Spain. 
Bootless (-les), adj. (unsuccessful) 

tiada berfa'idah, senian;* (use- 
less) sia-sia, perchuma. 
Bootmaker (-mak-er), s. tukarg 

spatu, tukarg kasut. 
Booty (-i), s. rampasan, jarahan* 
Booze (booz), v. i. minum mabok. 

Boozer (booz'er), s. pmahok, tahi 

Borax (bdr'aks), s. tergkal (Sk.). 

Border (-der), s. (edge) tpi, piig- 
gir (N.I.) : (strip laid along the 
edge) birgkai* biral;* (of cloth) 
tpi, onrpok:* (of lace) biku;*" 
(boundary) smpadan, batasan.* 

Border, v. i. (be adjacent) bertem- 
jtel,* berdenipet* berdampirg f" 
(approach) hanipir* 

Bore (bor), v. t. (make a hole 
through) tbok, kerbok,* korok,*" 
krok; (with a sharp instrument) 
gerek; (make a hole in, but not 
necessarily tli rough) korek; (an- 
noy) jntukan; (bore the ears) 
tindek,* chochok kupirg (B.) ; (for 
oil or water) korek. 

Bore, s. (tidal flood) ombak bnaf' 
(hole, perforation) tboVan; (of a 
gun) liaig snaparg* lobarg snaparg ~ 
(a tool for boring) prggerek, gur- 
di, grodi (B.), bar,* biji nargka;*' 
(a tiresome person) prgharn, oraig 
mtgaru (B.). 

Borer (bor'er), s. (a larva which 
eats into wood) klarah ;* (marine 
worm) tmbetok:* (teredo navalis) 

Born (born), see bear. First born,. 
anak sulorg. Still-born, mati da- 
lam prot. To be born, jadi, tum- 
pah darah. 

Borneo (bor'ni-o), s. tanali Brunai^ 

Borough (biir'o), s. kampoig, ban^ 
dar krhil. 

Borrow (bor'ro), v. t. pin jam. 

Bosh (bosh), s. karut, perkataan 

Bosom (booz'wm), s. (breast) da^ 
da: (seat of affections) hati; 
(folds of dress) kendo jgan. 

Boss (bos), s. (knob) cliomhol_. 
boigkol* tombnl : (master) tuan^ 

Botanic (bo-tan'ik), adj. derijiial 
'itmai tumboh-tumbohan. Botanic 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minMS, cure, injure, 

hiirrv; food, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin then. 




Gardens (in Singapore), khun 
Botany (bot'a-ni) s. 'ibnu tumboh- 

Botch (boch),v. t. (patch) tampal, 
tainpoig;'^ (mar by bad work) 
rosakkan, ropak-rapekkan* 

Botch, s. (patcli) iampal, tamporg :* 
(clumsy work) sogeli* k repot, 
kloloh* kerja ropak-rapek.* 

Both (both), adj. kdua, kdtia-dua, 
dua-dua; (of the members of tlie 
body or things in pairs) kdua-blali, 
as, kdua-hlah mata, both eyes. On 
both sides, shJah-mnjhJali, kdua 
pihak. Both of them, kdua-uja. 
Both of us, kita kdua, kita berdua. 
Both mother ,and cJiild, atiak sbJah 
mak sbJah. 

Both, conj. Both, . . .and. . . ., baik 
.... baik . . . . , as, both men and 
women, baik laki-Jaki baik prem- 

Bother (bo^/i'er), v. t. (annoy) 
iisek, garggukan,'^ susahkan; (dis- 
turb) liaru. 

Bother, v. i. (worry) khuatir. 

Bottle (bot'tl), ?.' botol (E.), ba- 
Jatgf^ (small) buli-bidi* 

Bottom (-turn), s. (lowest part, as 
of a hill) kaki; (of a hole) bawaJi; 
(the under surface, as of a vessel) 
pantat; (foundation) alas, lapek; 
(fundament) buntut, pantat, purg- 
gonj. Bottom upwards, Uurg- 
kop,* kpala di bawali (B.). At 
bottom (really), s-bnar-rga. To 
be at the bottom of, sbabkan, jadi 
haniii (B.). 'I'o go to the bottom, 

Bottomless (-los), adj. tiada ier- 
dug a. 

Boudoir (boo'dwor), s. bilek bagi 

Bough (bow), s. (large) dahan; 
(main branch or fork) chabarg. 
See also branch. 

Boulder (bol'der), s. batu bulat 

Boulevard (b5o'le-vard), s. jalan 

Bounce (bowns), v. i. (hit and re- 
bound) aiubul,"^ lantun,* antnl,* 
pantidf' (spring unceremonious- 
ly) lompjat. 

Bounce, s. (rebound) ambul,'^ etc., 
as above; (bluster) rargah* 

Bound (bownd) s. (boundary) sm- 
padan; (limit) perhirgya^an, had 
(Ar.) ; (leap) lonipat. 

Bound, V. t. (limit) perhirggakan; 
hadkan (Ar.) ; (form a boundary 
of) smpadankan. 

Bound, V. i. (spring) lompat, lam- 
boig; (rebound) ambul,* antul,^ 

Bound, adj. and p.p. see bixd. 

Bound, adj. (N'aut.) (going to) 
lindak k-, mnujii. 

Boundary (bownd'er-i), adj. sm- 
padan, perliirggaan, prerggan* 
mtara,* watas (^.I.) ; (of rice 
fields) batas. 

Bounden (-n), adj. wajib (Ar.), 
ferdlu (Ar.), perj'u (X.I.). 

Boundless (-les), adj. tiada ier- 
hirgga, tiada bperliirgga'an, tiada 
berhad (Ar.). 

Bounteous (bown'ti-?/s), adj. (gen- 
erous) murah hati, dermawan 
(Sk.); (plentiful) leinpah,'-^ nie- 
ivali, m'amur- (Ar.). 

Bountiful (-fool), adj. = bounteous. 

Bounty (-ti), s. (generosity) kmu- 
raJian; (premium) hadiah (Ar.). 

Bouquet (boo-ka'), s. karargan 

Bourne (boorn or born), s. sm- 
l)adati, pe rli i tgga 'a n . 

Bourse (boors), s. tin pat perniaga- 
'an broker (E.). 

Bout (bowt), s. (turn) giliran;* 
(contest) lawan. 

Bow (bow) V. i. (the head) tundok; 
(the body) mmbotgkok, soja (B.) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min^s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




(Oil. (■]ihiu"'iid) ; (the whole body 
with the head to the ground) surg- 
Icor, sujud (Ar.), see bend. 

Bow, V. t. tundokkan, etc., as above. 

Bow, s. (of a ship or boat) lialuan; 
(overhanging bow of a kolek) 
saok. Clipper bow, haluan rbah. 
'Straight bow, haluan tgak. 

Bow (bo), s. (the weapon) ^xtnali, 
busor:'^ (of a violin) pnjgesek; 
(slip-knot) siinpol sentak, simpol 
hidop, simpol piileh;* (necktie) 
dad (D. dasje). Bow window, 
jndela imrjanjur.* 

Bowels (bow'elz), s. prot, isi prot, 
tali prot. The bowels of the earth, 
hati buDii. 

Bower (er), s. punjonj.^ 

Bowl (bol), s. (earthenware) marg' 
kok, pasii, paso (B.), glok, cliawan, 
eroig;^ (metal) bokor,^ batil* la- 
yaig, mrggan/^ sargku ;* (a coco- 
nut shell) tm pur org, dasar* clie- 
bok ;'^ (covered bowl) perni*^ mu- 
kun,^ maigkok, molorg.^ 

Bowl, v. t. (roll along) golekkan. 

Bowl, V. i. (play bowls) maiii pan- 
chaig;* (at cricket) 1 em par bola, 
rjam bola: (under hand) humban 
bola, umban bola.^ 

Bow-legged (bo'legd), adj. kaki 
pergkar, kejgkarg. 

Bowling (bol'ing), s. rtiain pan- 
char g."^ 

Bowls (bolz), s. main ^yancharg* 

Bowman (bo'mfl^n), s. pmanah. 

Bowsprit (-sprit), s. (N"aut.) chu- 
chor jip (E.), jolorg-jolorg, jorgor, 
bosprit (L.). Bowsprit shrouds, 
bosprit perdi (L.). 

Box (boks), s. (large) pit; this wo^xl 
is commonly used by Europeans 
for all boxes, but Malays use many 
other words, as (an empty packing 
case) iorg; (small rectangular 
box) kotak; (small box of light 
material) kpok-kppk; (small boxes 
with covers) chmbul* chpu, km- 

pu;* (receptacle made of a bamboo 
joint) taborg, gdaborg;* (of paper) 
kmbal;* (tobacco box) slpa, chlpa; 
(sireh box) tmpat sirek, tepak,*" 
puan;* (a box on the ear) tmpe- 
log; (driver's seat) terpul.*- 
Cash box, kotak dint. Money box, 
nndil* taborg, cJielerg/-' Also- 

see BKTEI. BOX. 

Box, v. i. (fight with the fists) ber- 
tinjii* bertum'hok, bersantak* 

Boy (boi), s. budak, budak laki-laki, 
bvdak jantan. 

Boyhood (boi'hood), s. masa kchil. 

Boyish (-ish), adj. kbudak-biidak- 
'an/^ sperti budak. 

Brace (bras), s. (prop) sokorg ; 
(Xaut.) brasan, tali bawatan; 
(pair) pasarg; (suspenders) tali 

Brace, v. t. (prop up) sokorg; 
(tighten) rganjkan, tgargkan; (in- 
vigorate) sgar; (strengthen) kiiat^ 
kan: (Xaut.) tar el' tali brasan. 

Bracelet (bras'kt), s. glarg, glanj 

Bracing (-ing), adj. (invigorating) 
yarg mnjgarkan. 

Bracken (brak'n), s. paku s-rakitj^ 

Bracket (-^t), s. (shelf) para- 
para:'^ (triangular projection) 

Brackish (-ish), adj. pay an. 

Brad (brad), s. paku halus, paku 

Brad awl (awl), s. piygerek, pnjo- 
ch ok. 

Brag (brag), v. i. mgahkan diri, 
kmbor,"^ I air a. 

Braggadocio (brag'ga-do'shi-o), s. 
rhakap raboig* chakap mlam- 
borg, chakap somborg. 

Braggart (-gert), s. oraig yarg mm.- 
gall kan diri, pa' mlawa (B.). 

Brahmin (bra'min), s. brahman,, 

Braid (brad), v. t. anjam, slam pit.*" 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; lise, us, miuws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Braid, s. (of hair) slam pit ;'^ (fa- 
bric) pita (Port.). 

Brail (bral), s. (Xaut.) stirggi. 

Brail, v. t. (Xaut.) stirggi laijev, am- 
hit layer. 

Brain (bran), s. otal\ 

Brake (brak), s. (appliance to a 
wheel to check motion) lasirg,^ 
pnahan roda; (a fern) rsam, pa- 
Jxu a-rahit;'^ (thicket) smal'. 

Bramble (bram'l)l), s. pokoh duri. 

Bran (bran), s. ddak, husi (Hind.), 
aboh bras. 

Branch (branch), s. (main fork of 
a tree) chabaig; (large secondary 
stem) dahan; (small or tertiary) 
cliararg ; (of palm trees) pi pah: 
(of a river) anak surgai, sroVan :'^ 
(of a railway) chabarg; (of a fa- 
mily) sid'u bargsaf'' (of an asso- 
ciation) chawargan.'^' 

Branch, v, i. berchabarg ; (in many 
b ranches ) ra rggaJi , * ch ra rggah . * 
To branch off (diverge), mnjem' 
parg. To branch out (speak dif- 
fusively), rambarg. 

Brand (brand), s. (wood partly 
burnt) punt org, puntorg api; 
(mark of a hot iron) bkas star; 
(trademark) chap; (stigma) chla, 
tanda I'aliina'an. 

Brand, v. t. (with hot iron) star; 
(affix a mark) buboh chap; (stig- 
matize) chlakan. 

Brandish (-ish), v. t. (threatening- 
ly) achu; (in sword dance) la~ 

Brand-new (brand'-nu'), adj. bha- 
ru sl-ali. 

Brandy (-i), s. brandi (E.), 

Brass (bras), s. tmbaga I'unirg; 
(bell metal) tmbaga loyarg, tm- 
baga prurggu.^ Sheet brass, tm- 
baga lapisan. 

Brat (brat), s. (contemptuously of 
a child) baJi-a.^ 

Bravado (bra-va'do or bra-va'do), 
s. rargah* gertal'. 

Brave (brav), adj. brani, perhasa 

Brave, v. t. tntarg drgan brani, Ian- 
Bravery (brav'er-i), s. (courage) 

I'branian, perl'osa (Sk.), laki-laM,. 

as, he wants to show his bravery,. 

dia mail innunjokkan laki-laki-iya ; 

(fine dress) perhiasan,"^ pakaian 

Bravo (bra'vo), int. sabas. 
Brawl (brawl), v. i.- bergadoh, ber- 

Brawl, s. pertrgkaran, gadoli, huru- 

Brawn (brawn), s. (muscle) dagiig 

pjal,"^ dagirg kja! ;^ (muscular 

strength) kkuatan; (of the boar) 

dagirg babi denderg, dagirg babi 

Brawny (brawn'i), adj. tgap-sasa,"^^ 

Bray (bra), v. t. tiinibok, pipis, gi- 

liig : see grixd. 
Bray, s. jrit kaldai, pkek kaldai, 

kaldai pun/a triak (B.), kriau 

kaldai (P.). 
Braze (braz), v. t. ptrikaii drgan 

tmbaga \patrikan (B.)]. 
Brazen (bra'zn), adj. (of brass) 

tmbaga (a), deri-pada tmbaga;- 

(shameless, immodest) mnka tbah 

muka papan, muka slamba, miika 

kulit babi.'^ 
Brazenfaced (-fast), adj. muka 

tbal, muka papan, muka slamba,. 

muka kulit babi."^ 
Brazier (-zher), s. (worker in 

brass) tukarg tmbaga; (pan for 

live coals) kran,"^ ttgkararg* per- 

baraan,"^ tnipat bara, arglo (Ch. 

Brazil wood (bra-zil' wood), s.. 

(the wood of ctesalpinia sappan) 

kayu sparg. 
Breach (brech), s. (gap, opening) 

prohorg,^ pruak. Breach of faith, 

hal mrgobahkan stia. Breach of 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f5od, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin i/ien. 




contract, hal mir)ohahl-an janji, p- 
('hall janji (B.). Breach of the 
peace, perijadohan. Breach of 
etiquette, la^rjgaran hhasa, larrjgar 
'adat (B.). Breach of trust, Jcliia- 
nat (Ar,), pcliak amanat (Ar.), 
pchah liarapan. 

Bread (bred), s. roti; (native thin 
cakes) apani* apom (B.). 

Breadfruit (bred'froot), s. (the 
fruit of artocarpus incisa) huah 
sukun; (a variety without seeds) 
hulor/^ klueh (B.) (Jav.). 

Breadth (bredth), s. (distance from 
side to side) lehar; (open space, as 
between doorposts) hul^a; (extent 
of surface) hidaiy, I'luamnf (as 
opposed to length) lintaiy. The 
length and breadtli, hujor^ lintaiy- 
n/a Breadth of cliaracter, Huas- 
an kail. 

Break (brak), v. i. (by pulling) 
putus; (transversely, of long ob- 
jects) pata/i; (but not severed) 
serkah* skali ;* (in inecea) pel i ah; 
(in minute fragments) spai,* /•- 
mok; (by pressure from within, as 
an egg, when hatched) ttas* m- 
ntas (B.) ; (of a seam) rtas* m- 
rfas (B.) ; (with a jerk) ru7itas;* 
(of waves) hinjms. 'Yo break away 
(as a fish) rabut. To break 
down (as a carriage), rosah. To 
T)reak a fast, huka pua-m. To bi-eak 
off (desist), putus. To break open 
(as durians), merkah. To break 
up (disperse, as an assembly or 
crowd), pchah, bertmpiaran.^ To 
bi-eak up for liolidays (of a 
v^cbool), tut op. The dawn breaks, 
terbit fajar (Ar.). Heart broken, 
pchah hati. 

Break, v. t. (in the respective senses 
given above) putuskan, patahkan, 
pchahkan, rmokkan; (with a jerk) 
runtas* Break a custom, salahi 
'adat* larr/fjar 'adat. To break a 
liabit, buaicj 'adat. To break one's 

hea.rt, pchah hati. To break a 
horse, ajar kuda. To break in 
(tame), jinakkan. To break a 
journey at, sityijah di. To break 
a law, tarygar hukum. To break 
an oath, makan sumpah. To 
break off (as a bough), champory.* 
To break open (as durians), ch- 
kah* bnka (B.). To break a pro- 
inise, muiykir janji, obah janji. 
To break wind, kntut. 

Break, s. (interruption) kputusan; 
(pause) perhntian; (fracture) /> 
(hah an. 

Breakable (brak'a-bl), adj. (fra- 
gile) rapoh. 

Breakage (-ej), s. (thing broken) 
pcliahan, patahan. 

Breakdown (-down), s. (of car- 
J'iages, etc.) krosak'an, rntan. 

Breaker (-er), s. (waves) pclmhan 
omhak, hmpasan glonibary; (water 
cask) (Tsaut.) /;i/?« ayer, legir 
(D. leyyer). 

Breakfast (brek'fast), s. makan 
pagi, potor (Ar. futur). 

Breakneck (brak'nek)^ aclj. (dan- 
gerous) i/arg nwibaira merbahya* 
ya rg inn da ta igka n bah ya. 

Breakwater (-waw-ter), s. koia 
batu pndindity oinbak* batu tahan 
onibak (B.). 

Breast (brest), s. (chest) dada; 
(mammae) susu, tetek; (seat of 
consciousness or affection) hati, 
To make a clean breast of a thing, 
nnyaku raJisia atau ksalahan. 

Breast, v. t. (struggle with) (aivan, 
sotgsorg.* To breast the waves, m- 
iyory.wig ombak* mlawan ombak. 

Breast-bone (brest'bon), s. tularg 
pa pan dada. 

Breast-plate (-jjlnt), s. lapek-dada 

Breastwork (-werk), s. (fort) 
kubu, benteig (X.l.) ; (on a ship) 
a pit an. '^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mini/s, cure, injure, 

Lurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin than. 




Breath (breth), s. nafas. Out of 
breath, mnjah, termrgah-mixjah, 
churgap-chunjap. To draw a long 
breath, Uoh,"^ iarek nafas panjarg. 
To hold one's breath, talian nafas. 

Breathe (bre///), v. i. hernafas, 
tarel- nafas. To breathe one's last, 
putus lyawa. 

Breathless (breth'les), adj. ter- 
niKjah-intyah, ssal- nafas, senjliat 
nafa'i,* 'rgeh* ntrgeh.* 

Breech (brech), s. (hinder part of 
anythino^) pantat. 

Breechblock (brech'blok), s. Jvopah 
snaparg, kopah niriam. 

Breechcloth (-klawth), s. chawat. 

Breeches (brich'es), s. sluar, srual'^ 
(Ar. sartval), chlana (X.I.). 

Breechloader (brech'lod-er), s. (as 
snyder rifle) snaparg kopah; (as 
shot guns) snapam paiali, snaparg 

Breed (bred), v. i. (produce off- 
spring) heranak; (be pregnant) 

Breed, v. t. (bring forth, beget) 
beranakkan; (bring up) &Za,* pli- 
harakan, piara: (cause, occasion) 
datargkan, adakan. Breed mag- 
gots, herulat. 

Breed, s. (race) hargsa; (variety, 
kind) haka, hneh. 

Breeding (bred'ing), s. (care of 
animals) pmlihara'an; (good man- 
ners) hliasa. 

Breeze (brez), s. argin. Land 
breeze, argin darat. Sea breeze, 
argin laid. iStiff breeze, aigin kn- 
cliarg. Moderate breeze, arcjin t- 
garg klai,^ argin sderhana (Sk.). 
Light breeze, argin spui-spui.'^ 

Brethren (hveth'ven), s. see bko- 


Brevity (brev'i-ti), s. rergkas."^ 
Brew (broo), v. t. (as beer, etc.) 

masak; (plot, contrive) adakan, 


Brewery (bro6'er-i), s. tnipat ma- 
sakhir (E.). 

Briar (brl'er), s. pokok mairar hu- 

Bribe (brl!)), s. snap, soroig. To 
give a bribe, bri snap, tunibok 
rusok.* To receive a bribe, ma- 
kan snap, makan sororg* 

Bribery (brlb'er-i), s. hal bri aiau 
niakan snap. 

Brick (brik), s. /;^//«,* batu bata. 

Brickbat (brik'bat), s. pcJiahan- 
baia. blalian bata,"^ bata s-krat,. 
bata 'i-rhbis.'^ 

Brickkiln (-kiln), s. dapur bata, 
pnibakaran bata, tnipat bakar batu 
bata (B.). 

Bricklayer (-la-er), s. tukarg batu.. 

Brickwork (-werk), s. kerja tukarg 

Brickyard (-yard), s. tnipat mm- 
buat bata. 

Bridal (brid'al), adj. prgantin (a). 
Bridal bed, plamin,* plaminan.^ 
tmpat-tidor kmantin (B.). Bri- 
dal procession, perarakan prgantin.. 

Bride (brid), s. prgantin prempuan,. 
kmantin (B.). 

Bridegroom (-groom), s. prgantin 
laki-laJd, mmplai (Tam.). 

Bridesmaid (biidz'mad), s. pra- 
van^ pigirirg prgantin prempuan, 
pnjau'at^ prqantin, prgapit prgan- 

Bridge (brij), s. jmbatan, gertak r 
(footbridge) titi, titian ; (foot- 
bridge with handrail) titi ber~ 
adan,"^ titian Jawa:* (of a ship) 
bris (E.), branda: (of a violin) 
kuda-kuda. Bridge of the nose 
batarg tiidoig. Draw bridge, jm- 
batan argkat. Suspension bridge,. 
jmbatan gantorg. 

Bridge, v. t. buat jmbatan, buboh 
titian,* buat gertak."^ 

Bridle (bri'dl), s. kkaig,* karg. 

Bridle, v. t. pal-ai karg; (restrain, 
control) takan, klola'^ 

ate, ask, lim, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, iis, min»/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Bridlepath (-path), s. jahn hcliil; 

(track of wild animals) dnai.'^ 
Brief (bref ), adj. retykas* sergkat* 

Brief, s. (concise writin^^) rergTias- 

Brig (brig), s. Icapal lager hertiafy 

Brigade (bri-gad'), s. Tcumpolarb 

dua-tiga pasol'an s-rihu soldado. 


Brigand (brig'and), s. pnjamon, 

Brigandage (-ej), piyamonan. 

Brigantine (brig'an-ten'), s. kapal 
safu tiarg s-ttyah. 

Bright (brlt), adj. (shining, shed- 
ding light) traty-hndrarg* chmer- 
larg* gilarg-gniilatg* herchahya; 
(clear, transmitting light) trary, 
chrali :* (clear, as the sky) chua- 
(ha; (of colours) tua, chiiaclia;* 
(intelligent) rergan l-pala, trwy 
liati; (cheerful) hersuka liati, 
na;* (quick witted) tajam. 

Brighten (brit'n), v. t. tranjlcan. 

Brightness (-nes), s. tmty, chaliya, 
cliuaclm,^ kchrahan* See bright. 

Bright's disease (brits' diz-ez'), s. 
s-jnis pnjal'it huah pin/garg. 

Brilliancy (bril'van-si), s. chaliya, 
I'll at, chmerlarg/-' sinar. 

Brilliant (-yant), adj. (bright) 
rhmerlarg* herkilat-hilat; (splen- 
did, as persons, talents, etc.) pan- 
dai, mulia. 

Brim (brim), s. (of cups, plates, 
etc.) bihir: (edge, margin) tpi, 
pitggir (X.T.). 

Brimful (brim'fooF), adj. pnoJi, 
ipas/^ tpii.^ 

Brimstone (-ston), s. hlerarg. 

Brindled (brin'dld), adj. hlaiy. 

Brine (brin), s. ayer garam. 

Bring(bring), v. t. (convev, but not 
exclusively in the direction of the 
speaker) haiva; (fetch) amUJ : 
(conduct, bring with one) liantar, 

liantarkan ; (cause, produce) shdb- 
Ian, daiatgJi'an. To bring about, 
hawa, daiaigkan. To bring back, 
kmhaiiJiWh pulaiykan. To bring 
forth (produce fruit), hluarJcan; 
(young) heranaH-an; (make ma- 
nifest) kluavkan, terhitkan/^ lahir- 
kan (Ar. tlcViir). Bring in, haica 
masok. To bring on, hawa, datarg- 
kan. To bring to Mght, n/atakan. 
To bring to pass, adakan, sanipai- 
kan. To bring np, hawa naik; 
(rear) hia,* plihara, piara; (vomit) 

Brinjal (brin'jal), s. trorg. 

Brink (bringk), s. tpi, pimgir 


Briny (brin'i), adj. masin, asin 

Brisk (brisk), adj. pan fas, chpat. 

Brisket (bris'ket), s. dada hinataiy. 

Bristle (bris'sl), s. hidu kjor* 

Bristle, v. i. (of hair) chgat* r- 
iiiaig,* germarg :* (of larger ob- 
jects) cliracliak, herclirancliargan* 

Bristly (-sli), adj. kjor* 

British (brit'ish), adj. //^'.(/fis. See 


Brittle (-tl), adj. (hard substances) 
ra/joh, rtis;* (as wood) rput,* 
rpak* rpas;* (as toast) ratgup.* 

Broach (brdch), v. t. (pierce, tap) 
rliochok; (open) hiika: (publish) 
kluarkan, laliirkan (Ar. tlahir). 

Broad (brawd), adj. (wide) lehar; 
(extensive, of land, sea or river) 
luas, Iga; (of the chest or should- 
ers) hidarg ; (liberal) liafi Iga. 

Broadcast (brawd'kast), adj. ter- 
sppah, hcrtahiiran, herkaparan,* 
herhaitihoran, berieharan. 

Broadcloth (-klawth), s. mklilat 

Broaden (-n), v. t. Inaskan, lehar- 
knn, lapaigkan, Igakan. 

Broadside (-sId), s. (side of a ship) 
lamhorg, eren/an;* (discharge of 
all guns) iemhak s-rmpak* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferrj--; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, ns, mini/s, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tlicn. 




Brocade (bro-kad'), s. sundus 
(Ar.), kain soigl-et. 

Brogue (brog), s. pelal. 

Broil (broil), s. f/nipar, gadoli, rioh- 

Broil, V. t. paignatii, {/aigfjatrj. 

Broiling (broiring), adj. (of heat) 
Irrk, panas trel'. 

Broken (bro'kn), adj. piiius, patali, 
prhah ; see bkeak; (in gaps, as 
teetli or a fence) roiyah; (of 
])ranches) sA-a// ;* (of water) her- 
l-ochal', Ji-onchah ;* (in liealth) hta 
lontol-;* (imperfectly spoken) pe- 
lat. Broken ground, iattali Ikak- 
ll'ok. Broken off (as branches, 
etc.) cliamporg* 

Broker (-ker), s. dalal (Ar.), 
rJian/ku/'' orarg yaig hevjual-hli 
haqi orarg lain, hrol-er (E.), malt' 
la'r (D.).' 

Brokerage (-ej), s. (commission) 
kanisen (E.), dalal (Ar.), komisi 

(x.r.) (D.). 

Bronchial (brono-'ki-al), adj. l-rorg- 
korg (a). 

Bronchitis (brong-ki'tis), s. ssak 
h'rorglidig, ssak dada. 

Bronze (bronz), s. tiuhaga snam, 
gaigm,'^ loyarg.^ 

Brooch (brocli), s. kromrg, kron- 

Brood (brood), v. i. t. (sit on ego-s) 
kraiii, mrgram; (think long and 
anxiously) ronseig,'*^ tfhirr (Ar.), 
pkir-fikir (B.). 

Brood, s. pruidiian* perindok'an.'^ 

Brook (brook), s. anak suiyai, 
fir ok' an* 

Brook, V. t. (bear, endure) tahan, 
drita (Sk.), taiggoiy. 

Brooklet (brook'kt), s. anak ai/er. 

Broom (br«55m), s. pryapii; (of 
straw) pryapu padi, piyapu ro- 
nian ;'^' (of coco-nut midribs) prya- 
pu lidi, piyapu kasar (B.) ; (of 
coco-nut fibre) pryapu sahot; (of 
kahorg fibre) piyapu ijok* 

Broomstick (brodm'stik), s. hatary 

Broth (brawtli), s. sop (E.), tirn 
(Ch.) ; (chicken broth) kaldu* 
(Port.) ; (if it contains rice or 
other grain) hub or dagirg* 

Brothel (bro///'el), s. rumah prem^ 
puan jahat, rumah jalaiy, rumah 
panjarg* rumah suridal, rumah 
chakla (Hind.). 

Brother (bru^/;/er), s. saudara laki- 
laki; (elder brothei') ahatg, (polite 
form) kakanda;* (younger bro- 

, ther) adek, (polite form) adinda.'^ 
Half brother (of tlie same mo- 
ther), saudara anjiig; (of the 
same father) saudara s-hapa. 
Brother germau, saudara s'ihu s- 
bapa, saudara s-pancliar.* 

Brother-in-law (-in-law'), s. ipar, 
ipar dual;* (the relationship be- 
tween men who have married 
sisters) biros* targ-mui (B.) 
(Ch. targ-mrg). 

Brotherly (-li), adj. adek-beradeh. 

Brow (brow), s. (ridge over the 
eye) knirg, alls (X.I.) ; (fore- 
head) dahi. 

Browheat (brow'bet), v. t. gertak, 

Brown (brown), adj. hilaui manis; 
(light brown) peranj;* (reddish 
brown) erarg* 

Browse (browz), v. t. ragut* garg- 

Bruin (broo'in), s. si bruarg. 

Bruise (brdoz), v. t. (of fruit) m- 
markan ;* (of flesh, discoloured) 
Ibamkan; (swollen) brgkak; 
(smaller) binchut. 

Bruise, s. mrnar* Ibam, brgkak, 
bincliut, as above. 

Bruit (broot), v. t. khabarkan, ma- 
sohor'kan (Ar. maslihur), siarkan. 

Brunette (broo-nef), s. mem orarg 
puteh yary berrantbot hitam. 

Brunt (brunt), s. trnpoh yojg kr'os. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, miniis, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




rnipoh/'' To bear the brunt, Jena 

Brush (brush), s. hms (E.), pmP^h 
pjiggosol', sili-ai (N.L) ; (brush- 
wood) sinak: (Malay tooth brush) 

Brush, V. t. (/osol-, sapu; (the teeth) 
sw///,* f/osol' (B.). 

Brushwood (brush'wood), s. 
(small) smal-; (larger) rpoli* 
ramhiin/'' (secondary jungle) hlu- 

Brusque (broosk), adj. praiy-prus,"^' 
rigus* prampus.'^ 

Brutal (broo'tal), adj. sperti hina- 
targ; (cruel) Ijrgis; (savage) qa- 

Brute (broot), s. (beast) Unataig. 

Brutish (broo'tish), adj. rsmi hina- 

Bubble (bub'bl), v. i. mndideli, 
huah,'^ hohol' :^ (give a gurgling 
sound) glgaJi, glohoh,'^ i-ohok;"^ 
(as aerated waters) reneli,^^ in- 
map (B.). 

Bubble, s. (film inflated with air) 
glmhoig, hlmhorg (B.) ; (globule 
of air in a solid or liquid) merteh* 

Bubo (bu'bo), s. sakit klnjaran, 
hhalaw;* (under armpit) harah 
kllawarf' (syphilitic) margga. 

Buccaneer (buk-ka-ner'), s. prom- 

Buck (1)uk), s. rum jantan, kamhirg 
j ant an. 

Buck, V. i. (of liorses) terlonchaU 

Bucket (bukVt), s. (for baling) 
timha; (for carrying, of wood) 
torg; (of iron) haldi; (of bamboo 
or tin) clientotg, chantitg:* (of a 
joint of bamboo) tahotg: (of two 
or three joints) hacliok."^ 

Buckle (buk'kl), s. kpaJa tali pirg- 
ganj, kpala iali kidit ; (a metal 
plate) pndirg. 

Buckle, V. t. (fasten) ganchukan; 

(bend) Intor.'^ To buckle to„ 

haniiig tuJatg. 
Buckler (-kler), s. (small round 

shield) ntar-utar;* (square) k- 

lo7y:* (larger) primi. 
Buckram (-ram), s. kain rann 

Buckshot (-shot), s. aiggor sua- 

paig/^ kacharg-kacliatg/" pnahur 

Buckskin (-skin), s. kulit ruscr 

kijarg dan s-hagai-nja. 
Bud (bud), s. (of leaves or stem) 

tunas; (unopened flower) kun~ 

turn, kudop* 
Bud, V. i. hertunas, herkuntum,, her^ 

kudo p. 
Buddhism (bood'dizm), s. agama 

yarg di-ajar ohli s'orarg Hindu 

yarg berglar Buddha. 
Budge (buj), v. i. hergral', herkesut^ 

Budget (buj'et), s. aiggamn hlanja^ 
Buff (buf), s. kulit Imhu atau ker- 

hau yarg Inibek. 
Buff, adj. fcerna kulit. 
Buffalo (buf'fa-lo), s. kerhau. 
Buffer (-fer), s. perkakas talian tm^ 

poll pada kreta api. 
Buffet (-fgt), V. t. (with the fist) 

tumbok; (^dth the open hand) 

tampar; (as waves) tmpoli, han^ 

tirg, pukoly limpas. 
Buffeting (-ing), s. tnipolian. 
Buffoon (buf-foon') s. ogak-ogak,,'^ 

alan-aJan,* oraig klakar* orarg 

jnaka,^ pnernawa * oraiy platuab 

Buffoonery (-er-i), s. klakar*" 

Bug (bug), s. (bedbug) pijat-pijat^ 

kuiu buxok, kpindirg (N.I.), 

burnt (Ch. bat-sat) ; (varieties 

with a bad smell) piarygarg,*' 

Bugbear (bug'bar), s. mnmok. 
Buggy (-gi), s. bogi (E.), kreta 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, feriy; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hiirry; f5od, foot, awfaol (awful) ;* law, how, oil; thin then. 




Bugle (bu'gl), s. trompet (E.), 

begol (E.) ; slompret (N.I.) ; 
(native horn) tuaiy-tuaix).* 
Bugler (-gler), s. pniop trompet, 

tuJi-a7X) tiop trompet. 
Build (bild), V. t. (of brick) ba- 
rn unkan, hit at J, ikat, hikin (B.) 

(X.T.) ; (of plank houses) diri- 

kan, tgakkan* To build up, 

l.tapkan, tgohkan. 
Builder (bild'er), s. tukarg huat ru- 

Building (-ing), s. rumah, haiyun- 

aii. Building materials, ramu- 

Bulb (bulb), s. m lawarg. 
Bulge (bulj), V. i. (swell out) km- 

borg, kpolif (be protuberant) 

bonjol, bujal* jojol* gmbol* 

tombol,* tonjol* 
Bulk (bulk), s. (size) hsar, hsar- 

nja; (principal part) kbanjakan. 

To break bulk (Naut.), inula i 

pwggah. To load in bulk, mnat- 

kan tiada berburr^kus, lembamkan.^ 
Bulkhead (bulk'hed), s. (Naut.) 

dindirg petak kapal. 
Bulky (-i), adj. bsar, rinta)g.'^ 
Bull (bool), s. Imbu jantan, sapi 

jantan (X.I.). The wild bull, 

Bull, s. (R.C.) surat prentah papa; 

(1)1 under) silap. 
Bulldog (bool'dog), s. s~jnis anjiig 

j/arg brani. 
Bullet (-let), s. plnru, pelor (N.I.) 

(F^ort. peloaro). 
Bullet-proof (-pro5f), adj. yarg 

fall an pliiru, yarg tiada di-makan 

Bullfrog (-frog), s. katak btoigf" 

kodok btoig (B.). 
Bullion (-y//n), s. padu/^ Mas 

padu,^ gold in ingots, as opposed 

to mas urai, gold dust; also mas 

Bullock (-lok), s. Imbu, km- 

biri, Imbu kasi,* sapi (N.I.). 

Bullock-heart (-hart), s. (the fruit 

of Anona reticulata) huah nona, 

buah nona jantorg (B.). 
BulFs eye (boolz'i), s. (of a target) 

mata sasaran/* (lantern) lampu 

glap, plita glap. 
Bully (bool'li), v. t. (threaten) ger- 

tak, ugut;"^ (coerce) paksa. 
Bully, s. piygertak, pigugut* 
Bulrush (-rush), s. mndrorg,'^ ker- 

cliutf^^ kunipai.* 
Bulwark (-werk), s. (fortification) 

kota; (Naut.) berdu (L.) ; (de- 
fence) perlindofgan. 
Bumblebee (bum'bl-be), s. kum- 

Bumboat (-bot), s. sampan pnjaja, 

Bump (bump), s. (swelling) brg- 

kak; (protuberance) benjol,'^ bon- 

jol; (blow) ant ok. 
Bump, V. t. 'nlakkan, antoklcan, ban- 

Bump, V. i. berntak, berantok, ter- 

an tok. 
Bumper (bump'er), s. jjiala pnoh 

Bumpkin (-kin), s. orarg hutan, 

orafg dusun.* 
Bumptious (-sh?/s), adj. yarg mm- 

baarkan diri, yarg mtgatas-rgataJi.* 
Bun (bun), s. roti kismis; (plain) 

roti manis, bludal.'^ 
Bunch (bunch), s. (tuft of grass, 

etc.) rumpun; (cluster of fruit) 

taigkai, rargkai, tandan, gugus* 

roigkol;"^ (l)ananas) sisir, sikat;* 

(keys) rargkai; (of cut flowers, 

etc.) jaras.'^ 
Bundle (bun'dl), s. (wrapped up) 

burgkus, bandla (Eur.) ; (tied up) 

berkas, ikat, kbat,^ gmaV^ 
Bundle, v. t. (wrap up) burgkus- 

kan, balutkan; (tie up) ikat, her- 

kaskan, kbat.* 
Bung (bung), s. (stopper) sumbat 

toiy; (the hole) mulut totg, lobarg 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, ciire, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tUn, 




Bungalow (ljiiii<>'o-a-]o), s. barg- 

la (Hind.). 
Bunghole (-hoi), s. see bung. 
Bungle (-^1), V. t. Imtaty-pul'arg- 

I'cin, h'usuil'an, I'opak-rapekkan. 
Bungle, s. sogeli,^ kerja lintarg' 

puhirg. kerja iamonoli, herja ta- 

kruan (^M.), kerja kmut. 
Bunion (bim'ywn), s. sakit buku ibu 

Bunker (biing'ker), s. kofak, peiak. 

Coal bunker, peiak araiy di kapal. 
Bunting (bun'tino^), s. kain bndera. 
Buoy (boi), s. plainpo7g* boya 

(Port.), bairup/^ wliich also 

means beacox, q.v. 
Buoy, V. t. (cause to float) iimboJ- 

kan; (support, sustain) tan/ g org ; 

(fix buoys) plain poigkan.'^ To 

buoy up one's spirits, itapkan hati. 
Buoyancy (boi'an-si), s. plamporg- 

an f (of spirits) hati rergan. 
Buoyant (-«nt), adj. (tendins: to 

-float) fimbol, laniporg ; (light 

hearted) rergan hati. 
Burden (ber'dn), s. (load) bban,'^ 

pikulan. targgorcjan: (something 

grievous) khratan ; (N^aut.) muat- 

an. Beast of burden, binatarg 

yaig mmbawa bban/^ binatarg arg- 

kat baraig (B.). 
Burden, v. t. bratkan. 
Burdensome (-swm), adj. brat, 

sukar* di-targgoiy, susah di-taiy- 

Bureau (bfi-ro' or bu'ro), s. (desk) 

nieja tulifi; (offiee) opis (E.) ; 

(chest of drawers) almari Jachi, 

hero* (Eur.). 
Bureaucracy^ (bu-rok'ra-si), s. 

pr en tall pgairai* 
Burglar (ber'gler), s. pnjamon ru- 

mah, orarg pchali pintu. 
Burglary (-i), s. hal mmcliah pintu. 
Burgomaster (l)er'go-mas'ter), s. 

prglniln bandar.'^' 
Burial (ber'ri-al), s. hal mrgubuV' 

kan orarg. Burial ground, pku- 

buran,* tanah kiibur. Burial 
service, talk in (Ar.). 

Burlesque (ber-lesk'), s. ajok yaig 
ninibri tertawa, jnaka."^ 

Burly (ber'li), adj. tgap, tgap- 

Burn (bern), v. t. (set on fire) 
bakar, tunu;* (reduce to ashes) 
liarguskan, rntoig r (expose to 
heat) bakar; (scald) clilor; (with 
red-hot metal) sJar ; (with acids) 
btok:* (heaps of logs) priin.* 

Burn, V. i. (be on fire) kna api, di- 
niakan api ; (fiaine) berryala. 

Burn, s. (injury) Itika liargus;"^' 
(scald) Iclior,* Ipoh /'' chlor (B.). 

Burning (bern'ing), adj. (flaming) 
beriyala; (vehement) galak. 

Burnish (ber'nish), v. t. gilap/^ 

Burnt (bernt), adj. di-nia,kan api^ 
Iiar(/iis, Burnt offering, korban 

Burr (ber), s. (rough edge) grigis- 
an : (on the head of a chisel) 
pay org;* (prickly seed pod) buatt 

Burrow (hiir'ro), v. i. gorokf^ gctUr 
korek. krol\ 

Burrow, s. krok'an, lobarg binataig 
dalani tanaJi. 

Burst (berst), v. i. (explode) Itopr 
(break open, as pods) rkah, mer- 
kali: (as buds) kmbarg : (as 
seams) rtas; (break in pieces) 

Bury (ber'ri), v. t. tanam : (in a 
grave) kuburkan, kbumikan:'^ (of 
|)i"inces) niakanikan (Ar.) ; (im- 
bed) Imam. 

Bush (boosh), s. (thicket) smak: 
(shrub) gonipoiy.* 

Bushel (boosh'el), s. sukatan Irggris- 
= ()f gantarg. 

Bushy (-i), adj. (of trees) rendaig^ 
limb an* rampak:* (of eyebrows, 
etc.) Ibat : (of mane or tail) kin- 
barg, tbat. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Business (biz'nes), s. (occupation) 
kerja, plcerjaan, jawatan;* (com- 
merce) perniaga'an; (affair) per- 
kara, hal. To engao'c in business, 
berdagaiy* bemiaga. 

Businesslike (-llkj, adj. (system- 
atic) bperatuian. 

Bust (bust), s. patorg s-l-rat dada. 

Bustle (bus'sl), v. i. hersihol', ter- 
koch oh -*koch li, he rkin cli a ly-kirap, 

Busy (biz'i), adj. (at work) sib ok, 
add kerja, fa man/, ta'slesa* 

Busybody (-bod-i), s. (a meddlinc^ 
person) prgachau, pij/ga^ggii* 

But (but), adv. prep, and conj. (ex- 
cept) han/a* cliuma, mlainkan; 
(on the contrary, yet, however) 
ttapi, akan ttapi. Xothln^ but 
leaves, tiada lain mlainkan daun 

Butcher (booch'er), s. piymbleli, 
pnibantai,'^ pnjual dagirg. 

Butcher, v. t. smbleh, bantai, po- 
torg; (murder) bunoJi drgan brgis. 

Butchery (-i), s. pmbunohan drgan 

Butler (but'ler), s. kpala playan,^ 
kpala boi, botUr (D.) (X.I.) ; (of 
princes)' pnjawat mntapan* bn- 
fara (Sk.). 

Butt (but), s. (cask) pipa (Port.); 
(tliicker end) paiykal; (target) 
mmr;* (of a rifle) biintut snaparg. 

Butt, V. i. (with the head) sondoJ : 
(with horns) tandok; (meet at the 
end) jjak* bertmu. 

Butter (but'ter), s. mntega (Port.). 

Butterfly (-fli), s. kupu-kupu; see 


Buttermilk (-milk), s. dadeh/' 

tairu (Tam.). 
Butter tree (-tre), s. pokok srg- 

Buttocks (but'toks), s. pi. puiygonj, 

paniat, toigkerg. 
Button (-tn), s. kanchirg baju, bu- 

targ (Port.). 

Button, V. t. kanchirgkan. 
Button-hole (-hoi), s. lohary bu- 

taig, mata jrok.'^ 
Buttonhook (-hook), s. chargkok^ 
Buttress (but'tres), s. pnjokorg 

tembok; (natural, at the base of 

trees) banir.^ 
Buxom (buks'wm), adj. tgap, tgap- 

Buy (bi), V. t. bli. To buy and sell, 
berjual-bli. To buy for another 
on credit, pialargkan.* To buy 
in order to sell again, raeli* 

Buzz (buz), V. i. (of the ears) ber- 
dsiig; (as a bee) berdrgorg. 

Buzzard (buz'zerd), s. The honey 
buzzard, Ian/ batek, laig boi-ek. 

By (bl), prep, (near) dkat, ham' 
pir:"^ (with, by means of, through) 
oleh, drgan; (in oaths) dmi* By 
and by, s-bntar lagi, lagi s-kjap. 
By day, pada siaig hari. By one's 
self, s'orarg diri. By the side of, 
pada sisi,"^ di tpi (B.). One by 
one, s'oraiy I pas s'oraiy, Ipas satu 
saiu, satu-satu. Day by day, s- 
hari-hari, s-hari k-s-hari. To go 
])y land, jalan mndarat, jalan 

By, adv. (near) dkat; (passing) 
lalu; (past, beyond) Jargsorg. 

By-law (briaw), s. peraturan. 

Bypath (-path), s. jalan sempaigan, 
jalan sidit.^' 

Bystander (-stand-er), s. oraiy 
yarg berdiri dkat. 

Byway (-wa), s. jalan sulitr 

Byword (-werd), s. (proverb) per- 
umpamaan, bidal ;'^ (contemp- 
tuous saying) sin divan, tlabai.'^ 

Cab (kab), ?. kreta sewa. 

Cabal (ka-bal'), s. muafakat glap,'^' 

mvafakat jahat,'^' pakatan, siiba- 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, miuMS, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Cabbage (kab'bej), s. Jcohis (E.), 
Ji-ohis tlor* 

Cabin (-in), s. (on a steamer) hileJc, 
hehen (E.), kamar (D.) ; (on a 
Malay boat) kuroiy* magun;* 
(small house) pondok. 

Cabinet (-et), s. (private room) 
hilek; (cupboard or chest of draw- 
ers) bei'o* (Eur. bureau) ; (advi- 
sory council) masliuarat (Ar.), 
majlis sgala rnniri* Cabinet 
council, inashuarat nuiU'i* Ca- 
binet minister, ahlu 'l-mashuarat 

Cable (ka'bl), s. tali sank, rantai 
sauh; (of coco-nut fibre) tali sa- 
bot; (measure of length) 100 
dpa; (telegraphic message) kawat. 

Cable, V. t. puhol kawat, pukol iali- 
grap (E.). 

Cablegram (-gram), s. pkJiabaran 
kawat, khabar kawat. 

Caboose (ka-boos'), s. (Xaut.) da- 
pur kapal. 

Cackle (kak'kl), v. i. (of fowls) 
kekek* kakak* mrgakak* ber- 
ktok; (when frightened) berkiok^^; 
(giggle) kekelc. 

Cackle, s. ktok, kiok", kekek, as 

Cactus (kak'tws), s. lidah jiii* li- 
dah badak* lidah buaya. 

Cad (kad), s. oraig kurarg ajar. 

Cadaverous (ka-dav'er-i/s), adj. 
pucliat Isu, puchat Isi,"^ puchat 
Iseh* puchat rimnai* 

Cadence (ka'dens), s. lagham 
(Ar.). In cadence, berlagham. 

Cadet (ka-def), s. bakal pgawai* 
Cadet corps, pasokan snldado bu- 
dak skolah. 

Cadge (kaj), v. t. inditg* mrg- 
bidiig (B.), bawa prot. 

Caesar (se'zer), s. kaisar (Ar.). 

Cafe (ka-fa'), s. rumah makan mi- 

CsL^^ (kaj), s. sargkar, kiirorgaii: 
Hrgkaran (B.). 

Cage, v. t. kurofg, 

Cain (kan), s. Kabil (Ar.). 

Cairn (karn), s. timhonan batu jadi 
tanda periigatan. 

Caisson (kas'son), s. 'mpaigan ayer, 
pintu ayer. 

Cajole (ka-joF), v. t. pujok, bujok* 

Caitiff (ka'tif), s. otwg kji* orarg 
jahat, orarg luchah. 

Cake (kak), s. (gen.) kueh (Ch.), 
prgananr jnadah* (Pers.) ; vari- 
ous kinds are, lempinj, wajek, do' 
del, bergkaig, surabai,'^' chuchor, 
jmput-jmpiit, biiyka, asida."^ Oil 
cake, hampas bijan, liampas klapa. 
Spoiige cake, bva,h idu, baidu. A 
cake of soap, s-buku sabon, s-kpirg 
sabon. Cake cutter, trap.* 

Cake, V. i. (as rice in a pot) ber- 
krak: (as mud) bertepek. Caked 
dirt, kredak, gredak (B.). 

Calabash (kal'a-bash), s. labu ayer, 
labu jantoig. 

Caladium (ka-la'di-i/m), s. kladi. 

Calamitous (ka-lam'i-ti/s), adj. 
7nalarg, cJilaka. 

Calamity (-ti), s. chlaka, mer- 
bahya,* kmalargan, mara* balah 
(Ar. bala'). 

Calcareous (k^l-kar'i-izs), s. den- 
pada batu kapur. 

Calculate (kal'lai-lat), v. i. t. (reck- 
on) kira, hitorg, bilargkan, hisab 
(Ar.), reken (N.I.) (D.); (on 
the fingers) main jari; (estimate, 
compute) arggarkan, taksirkan 

Calculation (-la'shi^n), s. kira-kira, 
bilargan, hitotgan, arggaran, taksir 

Calculus (-bis), s. (Math.) satu 
jnis kira-kira; (Med.) batu kararg. 
Renal calculus, batu buah pirggarg. 

Caldron (kawl'drwn), see caul- 

Calendar (kal'en-der), s. (arrange- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; f5od, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin th^n. 




ment of time) iarM (Ar.) ; (al- 
manac) fahvim (Ar.) ; (schedule) 
duftar {Av.),jdwal (Ar.). 

Calender, v. t. grus dn/an Jcela^y* 

Calf (kaf), s. aJiak Imhu; (of the 
leg) jantorg btis* hnah htis* prot 
kali (B.) ; (leather) Jcidit anaJc 

Calibre (kal'i-ber or ka-le'ber), s. 
buJca niulut mriam aiau snaparg. 
The calibre of this cannon is 4 
inches, mulut mrmm iiii am pat 
inchi buka-nja. 

Calico (kal'i-ko), s. bJacliu; (print- 
ed) chit, chita. 

Calipers (-perz), s. jaryka. 

Caliph (ka'lif), s. khalifah (Ar.). 

Calk (kawk), v. t. see caulk. 

Call (kawl), v. t. (summon) parg- 
gil; (by shouting) laorg/'' ruah;'^ 
(as troops) krah;* (invite) jmpot, 
silakan;^ (remind of invitation) 
sonsorg :'^ (name) shot, namakan, 
glar: (arouse from sleep) parygih 
sdarkan, kjotkan, bargunkan; (en- 
tice birds) dkut* To call to 
mind, iigat, knarg. To call on 
(as God), sri;/-^ To call to pray- 
er, batg (Pers.). 

Call, V. i. (cry out) bersru* ber- 
triak; (make a short visit) Mrggah. 
To call on (visit), lawat, mlaivat 
(B.), ynjoiy;^' ziarah (Ar.) ; see 


Call, s. (cry) tnak, sni* laorg :* 
(visit) shygahan, laivatan;* (in- 
vitation) jmpotan. To pay calls 
(mutually) , berdatarg-datarg. 

Calling (kawl'ing), s. (employ- 
ment) pkerja'an, jaivatan* pgarg- 
an* pegaiyan (B.) ; (act of call- 
ing) pnjruan^' 

Callosity (kal-los'i-ti), s. blularg* 

Callous (kal'lws), adj. (of the skin) 
mmbatu, mmbhdary ;* (in m.ind) 
kras hati, hati batu. 

Callus, s. blulan/* 

Calm (kam), adj. (of wind) tdoh; 

(of water) tnary; (of the mind) 

tnarg-hati, ttap-hati, sabar. 
Calm, s. kmatian argin, tdoh. 
Calm, V. t. (the elements) tdolikan; 

(the mind) ttapkan hati, snargkan 

hati. To calm one's self, tahan 

Calomel (kat'o-mel), s. abu raksa."^' 
Caltrop (kal'trop), s. ranjau cham- 

yak,* ranjau mata ampat,* ranjau 

pons kaborg.* 
Calumniate (ka-lum'ni-at), v. t. 

nmpat, fitnahkan (Ar.), jahatkan, 

busokkan nam a. 
Calumny (karum-ni), s. umpat, fit- 

nah (Ar.). 
Calyx (ka'liks), s. klopak buiga. 
Calve (kav), v. i. beranak {pada 

Imbu saliaja). 
Cam (kam), s. roda psawat* yarg 

tiada bulat. 
Camber (kam'ber), s. Itgkorgan* 
Cambric (kam'brik), s. kain kasa 

(Ar. khamh). 
Cambium (kam'bi-?/m), s. slupat 

kayu* kulit nianis. 
Camel (kam'el), s. onta. 
Cameo (kam'i-o), s. gambar tim- 

Camera (-er-a), s. pti prgambil gam- 
bar, pti fotograp, pti pigamhil 

Camp (kamp), s. padary khemah, 

perkhemahan tntra.* 
Camp, V. i. berkhemah, bntarg khe- 

mall, pasarg khemah, berpondok. 
Campaign (kam-pan'), s. prary, p- 

Camphor (kam'fer), s. kapur ba- 
Can (kan),v. i. (able) boleli, dapat. 

dan (P.), bisa (N.I.) ; (have 

time) smpat. See able. 
Can, s. ten,* tin (E.), kalirg (X.I.). 

Water can, tmpat ayer. Oil can, 

tmpat miryak. 
Canaan (ka'na-ctn), s. neyii Ka- 

naan (Ar.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sdre, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Canal (ka-iial'), s. trusan* parit, 

Cancel (kanW), v. t. (mark out) 

paiwy,* pototy, hunoh; (with a 

cross) paiyhali; (annul, revoke) 

orak,^ hatalkan. 
Cancer (-ser), s. (Med.) kaijap api; 

(sign of the zodiac) sertan^ (Ar. 

Candid (-did), adj. (sincere) tvlus, 

ehhJas (Ar.), hati htul (B.) ; 

(frank) lurus, trus-trarg. 
Candidate (-di-det), s. ahli yaiy 

lindak di-pileh atau di-lantek* 

orarg yarg mncliari pkerjaan. 
Candied (kan'did), adj. hersira, 

hersakar.'^ Candied peel, halwa* 

Candle (-dl), s. dian;^ lilin. Eo- 

nian candles, matahr 
Candlenut (-nut), s. buak kms, 

buaJi kmiri/^ 
Candlestick (-stik), s. kalci-dianf^ 

Candour (-der), s. (smceritj) k- 

tulusan, puteh hail, hati htul, 

ekJilas* (Ar. ikhlds) ; (frankness) 

trus trarg.. 
Candy (-di), s. manisan, halwa.'^ 

Sugar candy, gula hatu. 
Candy, v. t. dra. Candied, her- 

sakar* hersira. 
Cane (kan), s. (rattan) rotan; 

(walking stick) torgkat. Malacca 

cane, smambu* Sugar cane, tbu. 

Cane work (as chair seats), mata 

Cane, v. t. palu drgaii rotan, ^sali 

drgan rotan. To be caned, kna 

Canine (ka-nln'), adj. chara anjirg, 

anjirg (a). Canine tooth, gigi an- 
jirg, gigi a-mf' (of animals) gigi 

Canister (kan'is-ter), s. /en/* tin 

(E.), bkas aya?i,* kalirg (N.I.). 

Canker (kang'ker), s. pkorg, elm- 

Canker, v. t. (eat away) makan da- 

lam: (corrupt) rosak, rosakkan. 
Cannibal (kan'ni-bal), s. orarg yaiy 

makan oraiy. 
Cannon (-ny/n), s. mriam, hdil hsar. 

Cannon ball, pluru mriani. See 


Cannonade (-ad'), v. t. tenihak 

drgan luriam. 
Canoe (ka-noo'), s. Z-o/^'A-; (dugout) 

jalur,'^ saguf^ (Pk.) ; (smaller) 

Canon (kan'^ai), s. (rule) kamin 

(Ar.) ; (church official) pargkat 

padri. Canon law, liukum agama. 
Canonical (ka-non'i-kal), adj. yarg 

mnurut kanun (Ar.). Canon- 
icals, pakaian padri. 
Canonize (kan'wn-Tz). v. t. (R.C.) 

masokkan dalam hilargan orarg 

kramat; see saint. 
Canopy (-o-pi), s. twgkup,'^ laryit- 

lanjit; (in processions) payoiy 

Cant (kant), s, serget. 
Cant, V. t. seigetkan. 
Cant, s. (hypocritical speech) per- 

kata'an pura-pnra. 
Can't - cannot (kant), tahohh. 
Cantankerous (kan-tang'ker-iAs) , 

adj. hantahan,'^ dgil, hirgal^' 
Canteen (-ten'), s. (vessel) tnipat 

hkal:^ (building) kdai hagi sol- 
Canter (kan'ter), v. i. berlari miy- 

Cantharides (kan-thar'i-dez), s. 

Cantilever(krui'ti-le-ver),s. (brack- 
et) sikii-siku; (projecting beam) 

ra.'^ok miyanjur.* 
Cantonese (kan-to-nez'), s. orarg 

Mdkau, Cliina Knamiorg. 
Cantonment (kan-toon'ment), s. 

kanipoig yarg di-untokkan hagi 


ate, ask, am. final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, ns, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin */ien. 




Canvas (kan'vas), s. kain layer, 
hain mota.^ 

Canvass, v. t. (examine) preksa, 
slidek* To canvass for subscrip- 
tions, mnjajah mmmyut yuranf' 
mnjajah puiyut ivarg (B.). 

Canyon (kan'ywn), s. hiibali yaty 
sargaf chiiram, gaorg. 

Caoutchouc (kow'chook, u. s. ko5'- 
cliook), s. gtah, Icaret (N.I.). 

Cap (kap), s. sorghok, kopiah; 
'(white) ktayap* kopiah thai* ko- 
piah ha a. Percussion cap, kep 

Capability (ka'pa-biri-ti), s. kpan- 
daian, kuasa. 

Capable (ka'pa-bl), adj. pandai, 
herkuasa, ahli (Ar.). 

Capacious (ka-pa'shws), adj. luas, 
Iga, laparg. 

Capacity (ka-pas'i-ti), s. (extent of 
space) kluasan, klapargan; (abil- 
ity) kuasa; (condition, occupa- 
tion) pkerjaan. What is the 
capacity of this jar, hmpa muat 
impayan ini. 

Cape (kap), s. (promontory) tan- 
jo rg, hujorg tan ah; (garment) 
haJH liujan s-krat. 

Caper (kap'er), v. i. lompat-lompat, 
lonjak^onjak,'^ linjak-linjak* glin- 

Capillary (ka-pil'la-ri), s. umt yaty 
lialus s peril ranihid. 

Capital (kap'i-tel)j adj. (fi.rst_ in 
importance) terutama (Sk.), iau- 
kin (Ch.) (B.) ; (excellent) indali, 
elok, hagus. Capital punishment, 
hukuni niati. Capital letter, hu- 
ruf hmr* 

Capital, s. (chief city) ihu negri, 
kpala negri; (money) modal, po- 
kok; (of a pillar) kpala tianj. 

Capitalist (-ist), s. oraiy hermodal, 
orarg herherta. 

Capitulate (ka-pich'u-lat), v. i. 
srahkan diri. 

Capon (ka'pon), s. ayam kmhiri, 

ayani kasi* (Ar. khasi). 
Caprice (ka-pres'), s. ragam, teiy- 

kali, olahJ^ 
Capricious (-prish'z^s), adj. hati 

ntrambaig, hati tattap, haryak ra- 

gain, hanjak olah,* hanjak iergkah, 

hanjak chrewet (N".!.) (B.).' 
Capricorn (kap'ri-kom), s. (sign 

of the zodiac) jidyan (Ar.). 
Capsicum (-si-kwm), s. lada merah, 

chili, chabai (Jav.) ; (dried) lada 

kriiy, chili kriry. 
Capsize (kap-slz'), v. i. thuykup* 

Capsize, v. t. tlurykupkan,* ter- 

Capstan (kap'stan), s. (A^aut.) pu- 

taran saiih, putaran lawary, putar- 

an jaigkar (L.), kepsen (E.). 

Capstan bars, anak bari. 
Capsule (-sill), s. (pod) kulit hiji; 

(of a bottle) pniitop hotol; (for 

medicine) sarorg obat. 
Captain (-ten), s, kaptan, kpitan, 

nakhoda (Pers.), juragan (Jav.). 
Captious (-shws), adj. piyachat,* 

pnchla, suka chla (B.). 
Captivate (-ti-vat), v. t. hambat 

hafi,'^ ambil hati; (please) suka- 

Captive (-tiv), s. orary tawanan/'- 
Captivity (kap-tiv'i-ti), s. tawan- 

Capture (kap'chur), v. t. taiykap; 

(in war) tatvan.^ 
Car (kar), s. kreta; (with two 

wheels) kreta s-krat.'^ Motor car, 

matoka. Tram car, kreta eleJc^ 

trik,* trem (E.). 
Carat (kar'at), s. timharyan per- 

mata; (of gems) krat; (of gold) 

Caravan (kar'a-van'), s. (company 

of travellers) kafilah (Ar.), arg-' 

Jcatan;"^ (covered vehicle) kreta 

pondok,^' kreta tmpat kdiarnan* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry j food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Caravansary (-sa-ri),8. rumdk per- 
d^rjgahan, riimah wakaf (Ar.). 

Caraway (-wa), s. jintan, jmuju. 

Carbine (kar'bin), s. snapayg pen- 

Carbon (-bon), s. ara?y. 

Carboy (-boi), s. huyorg Icacha. 

Carbuncle (-bung-kl), s. (Med.) 

• ptyakit raja, pkorg mas* pa'ipa;* 
(precious stone) hatu yakut 

Carcase (-kas), s. hargkai; (when 
putrid) danur; (swollen and float- 
ing in water) huntatxj.'^ 

Card (kard), s. (pasteboard) kertas 
thai; (playing cards) kartu* daun 
skopoiy* (D.)? daun trap (D.), 
dmin pakau (Ch.) ; (Chinese play- 
ing cards) datin chki, kertas chki 
(B.) ; (visiting card) kat (E.), 
karchis (D. kaartje), (XJ.). 

Card, V. t. s'lsir. 

Cardamom (kar'da-mwm), s. huali 
plaga, kapidaga* puar* 

Cardboard (kard'bord), s. kertas 

Cardinal (kar'di-nal), adj. teru- 
tama* Herhsar. Cardinal points 
of the compass (Xaut.), ibu mata 
pdoman, ihu mata argin. 

Cardinal, s. (E.C.) pargkat padri. 

Care (kar), s. (anxiety) khnatir 
(Ar. khawdtir) ; (attention, cau- 
tion, watchfulness) jaga, turggu, 
ifgat, pduU, himmat (Ar.) ; 
(charge, management) plihara, 
hla-pUhara* To take care, iigat- 
hgat, haik-haik. 

Care, v. i. pduli, bena* To care for 
(take care of), pliliara, jaga, hla;* 
(like, desire) suka, indahkan. 
What do I care? indah apa k- 
pada-kuf* apa sahya pduli (B.). 

Careen (ka-ren'), v. i. serget, me- 

Careen, v. t. (Xaut.) sergetkan, me- 

Career (-rer'), s. (running) plari- 

an; (course of life) hal kahidop- 

an, pkerja'an, pncharian. 
Career, v. i. (of animals) lari turg- 

gary-iatggaig ; (of ships) jalan 

Careful (kar'fool), adj. jimat, injat, 

chermat, baik-haik, jaga, ati-ati 

Careless (-les), adj. (negligent, in- 
attentive) ta' jimat, lalai, chuai,* 

alpa (Sk.) ; (heedless, indifferent) 

hgai,* klesa.* 
Caress (ka-res'), v. t. hlai,* pujok- 

chu7nbu,* tiinjok kaseh-sayarg 

Caretaker (kar'tak-er), s. orarg 

jaga; (of a mosque) noja (Ar.), 

'siak (P.). 
Cargo (kar'gd), s. muatan kapal 

a tan prahu. 
Caricature (kar'i-ka-tiir'), v. t. 

Caricature, s. gambar pnernawa,* 

gambar prgejek. 
Carnage (kar'nej), s. pmhunohan 

oiwg ramai. 
Carnal (-nal), adj. (pertaining to 

the body) deri-pada badan, her- 

njawa; (lustful) berhawa-nafsu, 

lucliah. Carnal passions, hawa- 

Carnation (kar-na'shwn), s. burga 

Carnelian (kar-ne'li-an), s. batu 

'akek merah (Ar.). 
Carnival (kar'ni-val), s. permainan 

ramai-ramai, kelah* 
Carnivorous (-niv'er-ws), adj. yatg 

Diakan dagirg. 
Carol (kar'ol), s. ryaiyian, puji- 

Carousal (ka-row'zal), s. kltcchah- 

Carouse (ka-rowz'), v. i. minum 

Carp (karp), s. ikan gurami (Jav.). 
Carp, v. i. clda dtgan tiada bersbab, 

chari ksalahan. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, cany; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t^en. 




Carpel (kar'pel), s. pargsa. 

Carpenter (-pen-ter), s. tukarg 

Carpet (-pet), s. permaidani, ham- 
paran;* (smaller) hamhal;'^ (at 
weddings, etc.) puadai'^ (Tain.). 

Carriage (kar'rej), s. (vehicle) 
kreta; (deportment) sikap, ha- 
rguri* gaya. Carriage and pair, 
kreta jori. 

Carrier (kar'ri-er), s. oiwy pmhawa 
bararg, kuli kreta. 

Carrion (-un), s. dagiiy husok, harg- 
kai, daniir. 

Carrot (-n^t), s. lohak rnerali. 

Carry (-ri), v. t. (gen.) hawa; (on 
the head) jufijorg; (in the mouth) 
gorggorg; (on the shoulders) pi- 
kul; (between two or more per- 
sons) nsoig,^ aigkat (B.) ; (on 
the end of a stick over the shoul- 
der) tuil* tumpil* tuas* cha- 
kus* chrgknas* pikul (B.) ; (two 
burdens on a pole) kandar* gan- 
dar;'^ (astride on the shoulders) 
julaiyj* (on a sling over the shoul- 
der) sandargj* (on the back, pick- 
aback) dukorg, dokorg (B.) ; (on 
the back, in a basket) galas, ^ gon- 
dorg;* (in a scarf) pondorg;* 
(resting on the hip) kelek;* (un- 
der the armpit) kpitj^ kpet (B.) ; 
(in the folds of a cloth) kendorg; 
(in the womb) kandorg; (as a 
child in a sling on the breast) 
amhiii;'^ (support on both hands) 
ampu; (on the bent arms and lap) 
pargku; (on the palm of one 
hand) tatarg; (hot things tossed 
on the hand outstretched) tatirg;* 
(with the hand hanging down) 
hemhet, Ubit;* (as above, but 
smaller objects) jenjet, jenjerg;* 
(as a child in the arms) rempus* 
To carry by instalments or piece- 
meal, argkvt. To carry off, hawa 
pergi, hatva lari, rampas, sambar; 
(as a thief) tatirg. To carry on. 

jalankan, kerjakan. To carry 
out, (execute), lakukan,^^ jalan- 

Cart (kart), s. kreta, grobak* pdati 
(K".!.). Cart load, muatan kreta. 

Carter (kart'er), s. sais kreta aigkat 
bararg, kuli kreta. 

Cartilage (kar'ti-lej), s. tidary ra- 
tuan,* tidaiy muda. 

Cartoon (kar-toon'), s. gamhar bsar. 

Cartridge (kar'trij), s. ptrum (D. 
patroon), kertus (F. cartouche), 
plum, pelor (X.I.) (Port, pe- 

Carve (karv), v. i. t. (sculpture) 
ukir; (as fretwork, perforated) 
sogekf (engrave) lukis; (as 
meat) kernai.* 

Carving (karv'ing), s. ukiran; (per- 
forated) krawarg, sogek'an* 

Cascade (kas-kad'), s. ayer terjun, 

Case (kas), s. (covering) sarorg, 
sanipid;'^ (box) pti, torg; (state, 
circumstance) hal, perkara; (law- 
suit) perkara, kes (E.). In any 
case, s-hgimana pun, apa macham 
pun (B.). In case, jikalau, jika 
s-kira-iya,"^ asal,^ kalau. 

Case, V. t. salut,* lapiskan. 

Casemate (kas'mat), s. bilek di 
bawah kubu. 

Casement (-ment), s. tirgkap, jn- 

Cash (kash), s. tuarg, warg tunai. 
Cash box, kotak duit. 

Cash, V. t. To cash a cheque, tukar 
chek (E.). 

Cashew (ka-sh5o'), s. gajus, jambu 
smpal* jarggus"^ (?•)• 

Cashier (kash-er'), s. tukarg warg. 

Cashier, v. t. pchat.* 

Cashmere (kash'mer), s. kashmiri,* 
klamkari* kain bulu domba. 

Casing (kas'ing), s. salutan,* lapis- 

Cask (kask), s. torg, pipa* (Port.), 
Ze^tV* (D. legger). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 
mirror ; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry ; use, us, minws, cure, injure, ^ ' 
hurry; f65d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Casket (kas'k^'t), s. chmhol* chpu, 
chanda j)ti;* (for writing ma- 
terials) klamdan (Pers.) ; (cof- 
fin) (U. S.) /o/r/,* kraiida* pti 
oranj mati (B.). 

Casque (kask), s. l-loporg.'^ 

Cassava (kas-sa'va), s. ubi kayu. 

Cassia (kash'i-a), s. (the bark) ka- 
yu nianis; (leaves used as a pur- 
irative) sna makki* 

Cassock (kas'sizk), s. juhah* padri, 
bciju padri (B.). 

Cassowary (kas'so-wa-ri), s. huroixj 

Cast (kast), v. t. (throw) lempar, 
lontar, lotaf;"^ (with a t\\nsting 
motion) halirg;* (lob) umhan;'^ 
.(upwards) lamhorg; (downwards) 
champak, hmpas, hantirg; (pour 
into a mould) tuarg. To cast an- 
chor, labohkan sauh. To cast 
away, buarg. To cast dice, parelij^ 
To cast down (deject), tawarkan 
liati. To cast lots, huaiy undi. 
To cast a net, tebar jala. To cast 
off (reject), tolak; (Naut.) Ipas. 
To cast out, buarg. To cast the 
lead, buarg prumj^ To cast a thing 
in one's teeth, bargkit. To cast up 
(of earth) tambak; (reckon) bi- 
larg, jmlahkan (Ar.). 

Cast, s. (act of throwing) pry- 
uniban;'^ (throw of dice) pmareh:^ 
(in a mould) tuarg. A cast in 
the eye, mata jiditg. 

Castanet (kas'ta-net), s. dandi* 

Castaway (kast'a-wa), s. orarg k- 
buargan, orarg yarg kna karam. 

Caste (kast), s. (class) batysa. 
Caste-mark, paiykah. To lose 
caste, jadi hina di mata oraiy. 
Half-caste (of Malays), Jawi per- 
anakan, Jaivi pkan. 

Castigate (kas'ti-gat), v. t. palu, 

Casting (kast'ing), s. (of metal) 

Casting-net (-net), s. jala; (with 

wide meshes) jala rambarg* 
Castle (kas'l), s. kota; (in chess) 

tir* To build castles in the air, 

mrgganiaig asap* aigan-argan 

Castor (kas'ter), s. lererg* kaki 

ranjarg meja dan s-bagai-nja 

[roda (B.)]. 
Castor oil (oil), s. mhyak jarak. 

Castor oil plant, pokok jarak. 
Castrate (kas-traf), v. t. kmbii'i- 

kan, kasi* (Ar. kliaai). 
Castration (-tra'shwn), s. kmbiri. 
Casual (kazh'u-al), adj. yarg tiada 

di-mrgka,, yarg bukan srgaja. 
Casualty (-ti), s. kmalaiyan, ?iahas 

Casuarina (-a-re-na), s. pokok 'ru, 

pohon chnmra (Jav.). 
Cat (kat), s. kucliirg. Cat o' nine 

tails, jari ampai.* Wild cat, ku- 

ckiry hutan, kuchiiy jalarg (B.). 

The cat is out of the bag, kata 

sudah tlanjur, kata sudah terlarg- 

Cataclysm (kat'a-klizm), s. ayer 

ball: (great change) peridaran du^ 

Catacomb (-k5om, u. s. -kom), s. 

kubur dalam goa bsar.* 
Catalepsy (-lep-si), s. pitarii. 
Catalogue (-log), v. t. daftarkan 

Catalogue, s. daftar (Ar.), pres 

koraih (N^.I.) (D. prijscourant) . 
Catamaran (-ma-ran'), s. (Naut.) 

(raft) rakit; (boat with out- 
rigger) prahu berkatir. 
Catapult (-pult), s. (used by boys) 

lay<tik (E.) ; (obsolete weapon) 

Cataract (-rakt), s. ayer terjun, 

jram bsar;* (of the eye) slupat 

Catarrh (ka-tar'), s. slsma, sma- 

snia,'^ slesma (B.). 
Catastrophe (ka-tas'tro-fi), s. k- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimts, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




inalargan hsar, clilal'a, halah (Ar. 

Catch (kach), s. (fastenino-) gan- 
dm: (that which is caii^'lit) tairy- 
kapan, ijeroleJinn.'^ 

Catch, V. t. (seize) rhapai; (seize 
liastilj) samhar, i<emhar;^ (cap- 
ture) tanjkap; (with one hand 
(lowniwards) chkop; (in the open 
hand or A^essel) tadah; (in the 
mouth) targkup:'^ (under a ves- 
.sel) serkap, serkop; (capture in 
war) taivan* iatykap (B.). To 
I'atch birds (by snaring), mmikat; 
(with a net) innjarirg; (with bird- 
lime) iiirggtah. To catch fish 
(with nets), mnjala, mnjanig, 
mmukat, miifuykul, iiinjondorg.'^ 
To catch a ball, mnibot hola. To 
catch a train, da pat kreta api, kjar 
kreta api (B.). Caught by the 
flames, di-srggau oleli api* 

Catch, V. i. (be entangled or fas- 
tened) saigkot; (communicate, as 
fire or disease) jaigkit. 

Catching (kach'ing), adj. (infec- 
tious) berjargkit. 

Catechism (kat'e-kizm), s. kUab 
sual-jawab (X.). 

Catechist (-kist), s. prgajar (X.). 

Catechize (-kiz), v. t. (instruct) 
ajar drgan siial* iaiya dan jawab 
(B.) ; (interrogate) preksa, di- 

Catechu (-chii), s. kacliu* 

Categorically (-gor'i-kal-li), adv. 
digan itap, digan tntu. 

Category (-go-ri), s. pargkat/taraf* 
(Ar. Taraf). 

Cater (ka'ter), v. i. bri bkal. 

Caterer (-er), s. pinbkal. 

Caterpillar (kat'er-pil-ler), s. idat; 
(large green) id at sntadu;* 
(hairy) idat bulu. 

Caterwaul (-wawl), v. i. mtyiau. 

Catgut (kat'gut), s. arpus* tali 
targsi* (Ch. thdry-si). 

Cathartic (ka-thar'tik), s. pncha- 
har* julap, obat pnjuchi prot. 

Cathead (kat'hed), s. (Xaut.) jary^ 
kar dewi (L.), karary balak. ' 

Cathedral (ka-the'dral), s. yreja 

Catheter (kath'e-ter), s. ptyochoh 
till pat knchiry. 

Catholic (-o-lik), adj. (general, 
universal) rata; (liberal minded) 
hatl Japan/. The Eoman Catholic 
Church, Perkumpolan oraixj Srani. 

Catholicity (-lis'i-ti), s. kJaparyan 

Cat's-eye (kats'i), s. (stone) batu 
mata-'kucMiy, baiduri;* (the 
fruit) biiah mata-kuchiry. 

Cat*s-paw (-paw), s. (on the wa- 
ter) kracliakf (dupe, tool) anah 
taryan. To make a person one's 
cat's-paw, latidaskan tulary orary* 

Catsup, = KETcnur, q.v. 

Cattle (kat'tl), s. (oxen) Imhu, sapi 
(X.I.) ; (domestic animals) hi- 
dop-lndopa7i* Innataiy ijary piara 
di-ruma/i (B.). 

Catty (-ti), s. kati 

Caudal (kaw'dal), adj. ekor (a). 

Caul (kawl), s. (intestinal) raniek- 
ramekf (on the head of new born 
babe) saiiipul* tmbuni* 

Cauldron (kawl'drwu), s. (flat shap- 
ed) kawah; (larger) rncliak;^ 
(withi small mowih) kanchali;* (of 
brass) yrensery. 

Cauliflower (koFi-flow-er), s. kobis 

Caulk (kawk), v. t. (with flbre) 
pakal* klpatf' (with pitch) yala- 

Cause (kawz), s. sbab, mtda, asal, 
Jantaran (X.I.) ; (lawsuit) per- 
kara, kes (E.). Without a cause, 
dryan tiada bei'sbab, tiada s-mna-^ 

Cause, V. t. jffdiknn . datarykan, sbab- 

^te. ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, rect-nt, mere, her, ferry;, ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 



Causeless (kawz'les), adj. diyati 

iiada hcrsbab, tiada s-mna-mna.'^' 

Causeway (-wa), s. jalan iambal'. 

Caustic (kaws'tik), adj. (corrosive) 

yaiy mmakan, yaiy mmhakar; 

(satirical) piyindir, mulut tajam. 

Cauterize (kaw'ter-iz), v. t. slar, 

Caution (-s]i?ai), s. (prudence) ji- 
mat; (care) irgat, jaga; (warn- 
ing) larargan, nasihatj^ amaran 
Caution, v. t. (warn) irgafkaii, na- 
sihntkwi, lararg, hri amaran (Ar.). 
Cautious (-shws), adj. herinjat- 

iiyat, herjimat. 
Cavalcade (kav'd-kad'), s. argkat- 

an yaig herhuda.'^ 
Cavalier (-a-ler'), s, soldado yarg 


Cavalier, adj. (brusque) prarg- 

prus,^ ngus;'^ (haught)') somlorg. 

Cavalry {-a\-i\), s. soldado herkuda. 

Cave (kav), s. goa, goha, lohaig 

hatu, givrggarg* dalam hatu. 
Cave, V. i. To cave in (of earth), 
runtoli; (submit) srahkan diri, 
Caveat (kaVi-at), s. surat tgahan. 
Cavern (kav'ern), s. goa, goha, iya~ 

Caviare (kav'i-ar'), s. tlor truhoh 

Cavil (-il), v. i. clila, cliari hsalahan. 
Cavity (-i-ti), s. Ikoh, grorggaigf 

(as a surface mine) lomborg. 
Caw (kaAv), v. i. gah-gah. 
Cayenne (ka-en'), s. Ca.yenne pep- 
per, Jada china, chahai (Jav.). 
Cease (ses), v. i. berhnti, hrenti 

(B.), pntus. 
Ceaseless (ses'les), adj. tiada her- 

hputumn, tiada herhnti. 
Ceaselessly (-li), adv. snntiasa,* 
sntiam (Sk.), tiada herhnti-rnti. 
Cedar (se'der), s. pohon araz (Ar.). 
Cede (sed), v. t. srahkan. 
Ceil (sel), v. t. pagukan* 

Ceiling (sel'ing), s. (of cloth or 
canvas) largit-laigit ; (of boards) 
para^^ pran,* pagu.'^ 

Celebrate (sel'e-brat), v. t. (hon- 
our) muliakan, bsarkan, irgatkan; 
(observe, as a fast) pgarg, peganj 
(B.) ; (perform) jalankan. 

Celebrated (-ed), adj. ternama. 
bernama, k nam a an,* terbilaig, 
termasohor (Ar. mashhur). 

Celebrity (se-leb'ri-ti), s. (renown- 
ed person) orarg yarg ternama; 
(fame) kmidia'an. 

Celerity (-ler'i-ti), s. kpantasan, 
pantas, clipat, chakatan.^ 

Celery (sel'er-i), s. dawn sadri (D. 
selderij), daun sop."^ 

Celestial (se-les'chal), adj. yarg di 
largit, deri largit, largit' (a,), deri 
shorga, shorga (a). 

Celibacy (sei'i-ba-si or se-lib'a-si)^ 
s. kbujargan, hal bujarg. 

Celibate (seri-bet), s. orarg bujarg. 

Cell (sel), s. (of prisons) bileh 
kchil, pefak; (of a police station) 
lokap (E.) ; (smallest element in 
living bodies) petak yarg halm- 
hahts dalam dagirg, kayu, dan s- 

Cellar (sel'ler), s. korok,"^ gdoiy di 
bairah tanah. 

Cellular (-lu-ler), adj. berkotak- 
kotak, berbilek-biUk, berpetak- 

Cement (se-menf), s. kapur bain,, 
kapnr perkat, simen (E.). Port- 
land cement, kapiir hitam, kapur 
E TO pah. 

Cement, v. t. perkat. 
Cemetery (sem'e-ter-i), s. pkubur^ 
an, tanah knbur. 

Censer (sen'ser), s. perasapan,*" 
perbara'an,* perdupa'an,* tmpat 
Censor (-sor), s. pmreksa surat. 
Censorious (sen-sor'i-?/s), adj. pi- 

eh la 
Censure (sen'shur), s. kchla'an. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fira^ 

mirror ; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry ; use, lis, min?<a, cure, injure. 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Censure, v. t. chla, cherclia (Sk.). 
Census (sus), s. hanchi* 
Cent (sent) &. seii, duit (P.) (Pk.). 
Centenary (sen'te-na-ri or sen-ten'- 

ei'-i), s. uJatyan s-ratus iaJiun. 
Centennial (sen-ten'ni-al), adj. 

ijaiy s-mtus tahun s-kali. 

Centipede (sen'ti-ped), s. Upan, 

hlipan, Jialipan (B.), hlabaiy 

(X.I.) ; (a small phosphorescent 

variety) Umaijar; (a kind that 

•curls spirally) chackirg glarg- 

glary/^ nJat monjgohf^ (that 

curls in a ball) srggulorg. 

Centra! (sen'tral), adj. yaig di 

t rgah -t rgah, pmirggaig* 
Centralize (-iz), v. r. (bring to a 
centre) humpollwi k-tiyah, hawa 
h-tigali; (bring to one system) 
Centre (sen'ter), s. trgali, pusat; 
(of a lathe) pa)gsi plarek* pargsi 
Inndu.^' Centre of a circle, pusat 
Centreboard (-b5rd), s. (Xaut.) 

lunas liidop, gaiig. 
Centreing (-ing), s. rargka letg- 

Centurion (sen-tur'i-wn), s. kpaJa 
s-rahis soldado, liiduhdlaig atas s- 
ratus 'askar (Ar.). 
Century (sen'chu-ri or sen'tu-ri), s. 

s-ratus tahun. 
Cereal (ser'i-al), s. pokok berhiji, 
sperti padi, jag org, gandom dan s- 
Cerebral (ser'e-bral), s. otak (a). 
Ceremonial (ser'e-mo'ni-al), adj. 
deri-hal istiadat,* deri-lial 'adat. 
Ceremonious {-m), adj. drgan isti- 

'adat* drgan 'adat. 
Ceremony (ser'e-mo-ni), s. aturan, 

pre7itah , istVadat* 
Certain (ser'tn or ser'ten), adj. 
tutu, tunai, yakin (Ar.). A cer- 
tain city, negri anu. A certain 
man, si-polan (Ar. fulan), si-anu. 
Certainly (-li), adj. ta'dapat-tiada. 

tntu, nschaya (Sk.), psti* pasti 

Certainty (-ti), s. ktntuan. 
Certificate (ser-tifi-ket), s. surat 

prgakuan, surat ktntuan, surat 

kiyataan, surat tan da, sartifiket 

Certify (ser'ti-fi), v. t. (make cer- 
tain) tntukan, yakinkan (Ar.) ; 
(testify) nugaku, ryatakau. 
Certitude (-tud), s. ktntuan. 
Cessation (ses-sa'shz/n), s. kputus- 

an, perJnitian. 
Cession (sesh'wn), s. srahan,* k- 

Cesspool (ses'p55l), s. plimhah* 

tumpuan lonjkaig.^ 
Ceylon (se-lon'), s. pulau 8 elan, 

pulau Srindit.^ 
Chafe (cliaf), t. i. (wear by fric- 
tion) gesek; (be vexed) shal* 
Chafe, V. t. (massage) unit. 
Chafed (chaft), adj. Uas,^ lechet, 

mJechet (B.), terklupas. 
Chaff (chaf), s. (husks) skam; 
(jesting) olok-oJok, cJiakap main- 
main (B.). 
Chaff, V. t. olok-olokkan. 
Chafing (chafing), s. (act of rub- 
bing) urutan. Chafing gear, 
(Xaut.) alasan tali. 
Chagrin (sha-gren' or shag'rin), s. 

sal' it liati. 
Chain (chan), s. rantai; (ornamen- 
tal, worn round the neck) kalorg* 
Chain, v. t. rantaikan. 
Chain gang (gang), s. oratg jel, 

orarg rantai (X.I.). 
Chain mail (mal), s. haja rantai, 

haju zirah (Ar.). 
Chain pump (pump), s. kinchir* 
Chain shot (shot), s. pluru hularg- 

balirg, pluru berrantai. 
Chain stitch (stich), s. jahitan bkia 

xargkot, kia satgkot.* 
Chair (char), s. kursi, krosi (B.) ; 
(chairman) kjxila maj'lis; (sedan 
chair) usorgan,* tandu,* kio (B.) 

•ate, ask, tim, final, eare, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not. connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




(Cli. kid). To take the chair, 
k paled' an majlis. 
Chairman (char'man), s. hpala 
■ma j lis, k'pala mitirg (E.), Mua 
mashvarat (Ar.), yarg di-pertua* 

Chaise (shaz), s. h'eta diia roda, 
hogi (E.). 

Chaldea (kal-de'a), s. negri 'Irak 
(Ar. 'iraq). 

Chalk (chawk), s. l)atu Tcapur; 
(prepared for schools) hapur hlan- 

Chalk-line (chawk'lin), s. hnarg 

Challenge (chal'lenj), v. t. (call to 
a contest) minta lawan, ajak her- 
adu; (defy) mhis* mrghisf 
(take exception to) ta'mau trima, 
tolak. To challenoje the truth of 
a statement, dustalwi* hoJiorgkan. 

Challenge, s. aduan, pmixj'kisan.'^ 

Chamber (cham'ber), s. l)ilel' tidor, 
l-ainar tidor (^.I.) ; (of princes) 
Mhh peraduan;'^ (legislative as- 
sembly) majlis. Chamber of Com- 
merce, majlis saudagar. 

Chamberlain (-len), s. mntri da- 

Chambermaid (-mad), s. dayaig."^ 

Chameleon (ka-me'li-im), s. sum- 

Chamois (sham'wa), s. hamhiiy 
gunorg di Eropah. Chamois lea- 
ther (sham'i le^//'er), Jvulit kam- 
hirg Tcnnirg. 

Champ (champ), v. i. t. mamah. 

Champagne (sham-pan'), s. ayer 
arggor pof (X.I.), shampen (E.). 

Champion (cham'pi-wn), s. pah- 
lairan (Pers.), adi (Sk.), jolia7i 
(Pers.), liuluhalaig* piylima, 

Champion, v. t. (support) bantu; 
(protect) plihara. 

Chance (chans), s. nasih, witoirj. 
By chance (miexpcctedly), tiha- 
tiba* aleh-ahh/' datarg-datarg. A 

good chance (favourable oppor- 
tunity), palisa.^ 

Chance, v. i. jadi. 

Chancel (chan'sd), s. (niche in 
mosques, before which the imam 
stands) miltrab* (Ar. mini'db)^ 

Chancellor (-ler), s. mntri bsar. 

Chancery (-ser-i), s. mahkamah 
perd'awaan irarg/^ kot perkara 
watg (E. court). 

Chancre (sJiang'ker), s. mala kau/-^ 

Chandelier (shan'de-ler'), s. lampu 

Chandler (clian'dler), s. tuli'arg 
dian/^ tukaig lilin. Ship's chan- 
dler, pmbkal kapal, kdai baraixf 

Chandoo (chan'do(3), s. madat^ 
eh and a. 

Change (chanj), v. t. (alter) obali; 
( substitute, exchange) tukar, sa-- 
lin, ganti, gilir:* (change posi- 
tion) aleh, jnndah; (as a liquid 
from one vessel to another) salin; 
(as the wind, voice, seasons, opin- 
ion, etc.) aleh ; (money) tukar ^ 
urup (X.T.). 

Change, v. i. berobah; (of the mon- 
soon) berkaleh musim* bertukar 
miisim. (.'hopping and changing, 
rncliah-rncliah ^' To change into^ 
berobah mnjadi, jlma mnjadi. 

Change, s. (alteration) perobahan-; 
(of the moon) peridaran;* (of 
clothing) persalinan; (small 
money) tukaran, urupan (X.I.), 
warg pchah; (silver money) si- 
lirg (E.). Change of life, ;9?<^ws 
daraJi . 

Changeable (cbanj'a-bl), adj. ber- 
obah -obalt : (fickle) rm-hah/^ lin- 
(■hah,f (of the wind) iMncharoba^ 

Channel (chan'nel), s. (deep part 
of a river) alur, glorg r^ (strait) 
slat: (groove) lurah;'^ (canal) 
trusan;* (means of transmitting) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car. carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise. us, minwa, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, avvfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Chant (chant), v. i. t. tyatyi, her- 

dzlkir (Ar.). 
Chant, s. ryanjia7i, dzikir (Ar.). 
Chanticleer (chan'ti-kler), s. ayam 

jail tan. 
Chaos (krt'os), s. ga'ulan, cJtampur- 

Chaotic (ka-ot'ik), adj. cJiampur- 

ba ur, * chain pii r-gaiil. 
Chap (chap), v. i. t. rtak, pcliali; 
(of wide cracks, as earth) merhali. 
Chap, s. (jaw of animals) pipi; 

(fellow) oraig. 
Chapel (chap'el), s. greja hcliU. 
Chaplain (-len), s. padri, padri 

hagi intra /^ padri soldado. 
Chaplet (-let), s. (rosary of beads) 

tashek (Ar.) ; (head ornament) 

ja in a ig/-' gandek.'^ 
Chapter (-ter), s. fasal, hah (Ar.). 
Char (char), s. kerja upalian, kerja 

Char, V. t. liaigus. 
Character (kar'ak-ter), s. (letter) 

liuruf (Ar.) ; (figure) aigka; 

(style of writing) tulisan; (qual- 
ity, disposition) tabi'at, prargai, 

praigi (B.), pA'er/t (Sk.). 
Characteristic (-is'tik), adj. yaig 

mnjatal-an praigai. 
Characteristic, s. 'alamat, tanda. 
Characterize (-Tz), v. t. njatakan, 

tunjokkan, tandakan. 
Charcoal (char'kol), s. araig. 
Charge (charj), v. i. t. (command, 

instruct) suroli, psan; (fix a 

price) tar oh herga; (load, fill) isi, 

isikan; (accuse) tudoh* d'awa; 

(attack) sraig, laiggar, tnipoh, 

serhu, Ivru,'^ amok. 
Charge, s. (order) psanan; (thing 

cared for) pgaigan; (accusation) 

d'aivaan, tudohan;^ (attack) 

sran), etc., as above. To have 

charge of, hla,^ jaqa. 
Chargeable (charj'a-bl), adj. yaiy 

holeh niasok kira, yarg boleh di- 


Charger (-er), s. knda prarg. 
Chariot (char'i-ot), s. rata* knaik- 

Charitable (-ta-bl), adj. (benev- 
olent, liberaJ) dermawan (Sk.)^ 
murah-hati; (lenient, favourable) 
Charity (-ti), s. (love) kasehr 
(liberality) kinurahan; (alms) 
derma (Sk.), knrnia (Sk.), sdkah,. 
zakat"^ (AT.zakat). See alms. 

Charlatan (shar'la-tan), s. oraiy 
yaig innd'awa diri-iya pandai^^ 

Charm ' (charm), s. (incantation, 
spell) pustaka (Sk.), mantra 
(Sk.), taigkal, siliir (Ar.), pna- 
war, jampi, obat guna; (attractive 
power) pmikat,"^ hikmat (Ar.) ; 
(object worn to avert mis- 
fortune) targkal, 'azimat (Ar.) ; 
(curse, evil influence) srapali/'^ 
sranah, tulali ;* (to prevent a 
marriage) plalau.* 

Charm, v. t. (by incantation) jam- 
pil-an, knakan hikmat;^ knakan 
'ilinu; (soothe, allay) taiuar; (de- 
light) siikakan, perkiiankan, ra- 

Charming (charm 'ing), adj. (in 
appearance) elok, moiek, jlitaf 
(as a view) permai/^ chant eh 

Charnel house (char'nel hows), s. 
tmpat miyimpan tulaig orarg mati. 

Chart (chart), s. pta laid. 

Charter (char'ter), s. surat prentah 
deri-pada krdjaan; (constitution) 

. surat k'adami; (of a ship) pajak 

Charter, v. t. (a ship) pajak. 

Charwoman (-woom-an), s. prem- 
puan upahan. 

Chary (char'i), adj. jimat, jaga, 

Chase (chas), v. t. (pursue) Jjuru^ 
kjar, usir,'* hamhat; (engrave) 
Inkis, nkir.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin i/ten. 




Chase, s. (the act) pniburuan; 
(thing hunted) perbni'uan. 

Chasm (kclzm), s. chlah hatu. 

Chaste (chast), adj. sitchi, herseh. 

Chasten (cha'sn), v. t. (punish) 
ajar, seksakan, liukuinkan; (pu- 
rify) sucliil-an, lialusl'an. 

Chastise (chas-tiz'), v. t. seksakan, 
ajar, liukumhan. 

Chastisement (ehas'tiz-ment), s. 
fiel'sa, ajaran, hukumanj (from 
God) kisas* (Ar. qisds). 

Chastity (-ti-ti), s. ksuchian, hal 
mnahan nafsii jirria (Ar.). 

Chat (chat), v. i. herhual, herhcka,"^ 
checheh,^ labir, mlabir (B.), 
omonj-omoixj (N.I.). 

Chattels (chat'tlz), s. herta-hnda. 

Chatter (-t^r), s. hmty, hechok* 

Chatter, v. i. (talk) hiiat hishy, huat 
bechok* grichuu^;* (of monkeys) 
reta-reta,^ krek;* (of the teeth) 
berantok,* glatok* glugut/^ 

Chatterbox (-boks), s. grmyau, 

Chatty (-ti), adj. chramah.'^ 

Chatty, s. (earthen vessel) klalaigj^ 
garnoh,'^ kuja* gudu* dorak* 

Chauffeur (sho-fer'), s. pnjalan^ 
matoka, draiber matoka (E. motor 
car driver). 

Chaw (chaw), v. t. mamah, baham.'^ 

Cheap (chep), adj. murah. To be- 
come cheap, jatoh lierga. To 
make one's self cheap, murahkarh 

Cheapen (che'pn), v. t. tauw. 

Cheat (chet), v. t. tipu, perdayakan, 
smu* knakan, kicliu* kechoh;* 
(in games) (■huraiy, elat, pn- 
churaiy (B.), prgelat (B.). 

Cheat, s. (fraud, deception) tipu- 
daya; (impostor) pnipu, pyyelat, 

Check (chek), v. t. talian, igah, 'm- 
pary; (verify, as accounts) preksa, 
aahehkan^ (Ar. saiiiii). 

Check, s. (in chess) shah'^ (D.) ; 

(restraint) tyahan; (order for 

money) chek (E.) ; (design in 

squares) chorak chatur* tapak 

chatur* chorak dam-dam (D.). 
Checkered (chek'erd), adj. ber- 

chorak tapak chatur* dam-dam 

(D.) ; (diversified) berobah-obah. 
Checkers (-erz), s. (the game) 

main dam {!).). See draughts. 
Checkerwork (-er-werk), s. chorak 

tapak chatur* chorak dam-dam 

Checkmate (-mat), s. shah-mat* 

(D. schaahuat). 
Checkmate, v. t. (defeat) alah- 

kail* kalahlcan (B.). 
Checkroll (-rol), s. daftar nama 

kuli* Stat (IST.I.) (D. staat). 
Cheek (chek), s. pipi; (impudence)* 
Cheeky (-i), adj. mua* To be 

cheeky, dapat muka. 
Cheep (chep), v. i. chi"ap-chi"ap. 
Cheer (cher), s. (mirth) suka-hati, 

suka-chita (Sk.) ; (shout) sorak, 

Cheer, v. t. (gladden) sukakan hati; 

(inspirit) bii hati' ttapkan hati; 

(applaud) soraki* 
Cheer, v. i. (shout) bersorak, ber^ 

tmpek. To cheer up, berttap hati, 

rayap (N.L). 
Cheerful (cher'fool), adj. ria* ber- 

Cheering (-ing), s. tmpek-sorak. 
Cheese (chez), s. keju (Port.). 

C-ream cheese, dadeh kriry.* 
Chemise (she-mez'), s. baju dalam 

panjaiy (pada prempuan), simes 

Chemist (kem'ist), s. (seller of 

drugs) tukajy obat. 
Chemistry (-is-tri), s. 'ilmu kimia 

Cheque (chek), s. chek (E.). 
Chequered (chek'erd), adj. see 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, c^rry ; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry ; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimis, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Cherish (cher'ish), y. t. plihara. 

Cheroot (she-roof, u. s. che-root'), 

s. cJiruf, chrutii. 
Cherry (cher'ri), s. suatu jnis buah 

di Eropah. 
Cherub (cher'wb), s. l-aruh (Ar.). 
Cherubim (-ii-bim), s. pi. Tcarubiiui 

Chess (dies), s. cliatur/^ gajali.^ 

To play chess, maiji chatur/'' main 

Chessboard (ches'bord), s. papan 

chatur/^ lolt clicdur,'^ papan dam 

Chessman (-in«ii), s. huali chatur* 

Chest (chest), s. saharah* hotak, 
pti plakai* pti bsar; (breast) da- 
da. Chest of drawers, &efo* 
(Enr. bureau), Imari lacM-lachi. 

Chestnut (ches'nut), s. poJcoh 

Chestnut, adj. (the colour) perarg. 

Chew (chu), y. i. t. (with front 
teeth) I'unjah; (with the grind- 
ers) mamah; (as a person without 
teeth) goiyeli, gonjel.^ To chew 
the cud, mamah hiak.^ 

Chick (chik), s. (chicken) anah 
ayaui; (window blind) hidai, hlat 
atglit-arghit,^ hre (N.I.). 

Chicken (chik'en), s. anah agam, 
ayam pranjganj. 

Chicken pox (-poks), s. cliachar 

Chicory (-er-i), s. Iwidahan (Ar.). 

Chide (chid), y. i. t. trghirg, her- 

Chief (chef), s. (village headman) 
prghulu, hpala, Hna, latin f^ (in 
N. I.) ptgeran, 'dipati, pmharap, 
h'ia. See chieftain. 

Chief, adj. yarg terutama (Sk.), 

Chiefly (chefli), ady. terlheli pula, 
istimewa* terutama skali (Sk.). 

Chieftain (-ten), s. (Malays of 

higher rank than prghulu) orarg- 
kaya,^ datok. 

Chignon (sliin'yoN), s. sarggul, 
dput, konde (Tarn, kundai). 

Chilblain (chil'blan), s. j^cliah kulit 
sbab sjok. 

Child (child), s. (son or daughter) 
anak; (of princes) ptra* ptri; 
(an infant) anak mryusu, kanak- 
kanak; (from 4 or 5 3^ears of age) 
bvdak; (descendants) bani (Ar.). 
The children of Israel, bani 
Israel.'^ To be with child, mrgan- 
dorg, buntirg, hamil (Ar.). 
Child's play (easy task), mudah 
di-perbnat/^ snarq sahaja. 

Childbirth (child'berth), s. hal ber- 
anak, sakit beranak. 

Childhood (-hood), s. masa budak,. 
mam kchil. Second .childhood, 
balek budak, njanjok. From child- 
hood, deri kchil. 

Childish (-ish), adj. kbudak-budak- 
'an, rsmi budak-budak. 

Childless (-les), adj. ta'beranak; 
(of women) mandul.'^ 

Childlike (-lik), adj. sperti budak- 

Chili (chiri), s. lada china, chabai 

Chill (chil), s. sjok. Chills and 
fever, dinam sjok, dmam kura, 
dmam gigil. 

Chill, V. t. (make cold) sjokkan; 
(cause to shiver) sramkan, gigiU 
kan; (discourage, depress) taivar- 
kan hati. 

Chilliness (chil'li-nes), s. sjok, 

Chilly (-li)^ adj. sjok, dirgin,^ sram- 
sram sjok, srirg-sram.'^ 

Chime (chim), s. locheig beiiagu. 

Chimerical (ki-mer'i-kal), adj! yarg 
di-sargka-sargka, yarg di-ivaham- 
kan (Ar.). 

Chimney (chim'ni), s. chororg asap,. 
sromhoig> asap,* smprorg asap, som- 
prorg asap (B.). Lamp chimney^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, lien, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure ' *' 
hurry; f65d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. ' 




choroty lampii, smproiy Jampu 

(N.I.), chimni (E.). 
Chimney piece (pes), s. pam di 

alas dapur* 
Chimney sweep (swep), s. orarg 

ijaig ninjapu cliororg. 
Chin (chin), s. dagu. 
China (chi'na), s. negri China; 

(porcelain) pi rgga 1 1 m aigkoh. 
China grass (gras), s. rami. 
Chinaman {-man), s. ora?g China; 

(Stiaits-born) China peranakan, 

Baba, Baba China; (Chiiia-born, 

unable to speak Malay) China 

totok ;'^ (new-comer) China siiy- 

kek (Ch. sin-kheh). 
China ware (war), s. pitggan matg- 

kok, imbikar.^ 
Chinchew (chin'clm), s. chinchu. 
Chinese (chi-nez'), adj. china. 
Chink (chingk), s. (gap) chlah, 

chlak (B.), rkahan: (the sound) 

dniirg, drirg/-' krnchirg. 
Chink, V. i. berdntirg, berdrhg.^ 
Chink, V. t. Unti/tg.* 
Chintz (chints), s. chita, chit. 
Chip (chip), V. t. takek, tokek* 

seinpak* serpeli* clionipis/^ 

Chip, s. (of stone) ktul;'^ (smaller) 

bukn : (of wood) fatal, '^ kpirg, 

rompis;^' (either stone or Avood) 

Chiromancy (ki'ro-man-si), s. (pal- 

inistry) tilek rtak targan. 
Chiropodist (ki-rop'o-dist), s. tu- 

karg kluarkan bnbnl* atau blulaig* 

di kaki. 
Chirp (cherp), v. i. chit chit, gri- 

Chisel (chiz'el), s. pahat; (brazier^s) 

garg,* gogol;* (turners) mata 

plarek;* (stonecutter's) patiig.* 

Various kinds of chisel are, pahat 

sromborg,* pahat kuku, pahat pii- 

tar, pahat pmbunoh,'^ pahat jan- 

tan,"^ pahat lebar. 
Chisel, V. t. pahat, pahatkan. 

Chit (chit), s. (sprout) tunas; 
(small, insignificant person) ker^ 

Chitchat (chit'chat), s. checheh."^'" 

Chitty (-ti), s. chti, clieti (B.). 

Chivalrous (shiv'al-rz/s), adj. per- 
kasa"^ dan beradat. 

Chivalry (-ri), s. (warriors) orarg 
pahlawan, orarg prarg; (gallantry 
and courtes}') klakiian perkasa* 
dan biidi bhasa. 

Chloroform (klor'o-form), s. obat 
bills-'' (Pers. bihaush), obat tidor 
(X.I.) (B.). 

Chock (ehok), s. pnjargga,* sndal* 

Chockablock ' (chok'a-blok'), adj. 
(Xaut.) rapat-'rapat, habis rapat, 

Chock-full (-fool'), adj. pnoh ssak. 

Chocolate (-o-let), s. choklat 

Choice (chois), s. pileh, akJitiar"' 
(Ar. ikhfiar). 

Choice, adj. pUehan. 

Choir (kwir), s. kiunpolan oratg m- 

Choke (chok), v. t. (strangle) ch- 
kek; (with rope) kujut; (with a 
lish bone) ktidargan :'^ (obstruct 
any passage) tinnpat,'^ kamhus,^ 
sbu ;'* (feel choked through fast 
eating) termigklan* nugklan. 

Choler (kol'er), s. (anger) marah; 
(of princes) murka (Ar.). 

Cholera (-a), s. kolera, ta'tin"^'' (Ar. 
Taiin), sakit mi(ntah-berak, ha- 

Choleric (-ik), adj. (irascible) Ikas 

Choose (chddz), v. t. pileh, akhtiar- 
/.7//^* (Ar. ikhfiar). 

Chop (cliop), V. i. t. (cut by striking 
]"epeatedly) chncfiarg.^ chincharj 
(B.), chlis;'^ (one or more blows) 
tfak, pararg. To chop off, pfggal,* 
pancJiory. To chop up (as a car- 
case), pryyal,* lapah;* (in small 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror: old, not, connect, s6re, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




pieces) chncharg. See cut. To 
chop and change, rncliah. 

Chop, s. s-l'pirg daglrrj. 

Chopper (chop'per), s. parmq, go- 

Chopping-block (-ping blok), s. 
kayii landas.^ 

Chopping-knife (nif), s. pararg, 

Choppy (-pi), adj. konchah* her- 
k'ochali-. Choppy waves, onibak 
saborg-m-njaboirj, omhah samhorg- 
iinyainhoig (B.), glomharg kpala 
Ii-ra,^' glomharg hunja Iparg.^ 

Chopsticks (-stiks), s. spit, sum pit 

Choral (kor'd), adj. njanjian, deri- 

hal niryaiyi. 
Chorus (-?/s), s. (of singers) kum- 

polan oranj ninjatyi; (of a song) 

Chord (kord), s. (in music) hunji 

Chore (chor), s. kerja kcliil, kevja 

Christ (ki'ist), s. Almaseh (Ar.). 
Christen (kris'n), v. t. haptiskan 

Christian (kris'chrm), s. orarg m- 

silti,^ orarg kristian, orarg kristen 

(X.I.) : (I^oman Catholic) orarg 

srani, nasrani (Ar.). 
Christianity (kris'chi-an'i-ti), s. 

agama msihi* (Ar. masiiii); 

agama kristen. 
Christmas (-mas), s. liari jadi Al- 
maseh,'^ hari natal (K.C.), hari 

Chronic (kron'ik), adj. mrana, m- 

reiyeh/^ mrargai* idapan.^^ 
Chronicle (-i-'kl), s. kitab tawarikh 

Chronology (kro-nol'o-ji), s. Hlmu 

tawarikh (x\r.). 
Chronometer (-nom'e-ter), s. ;aw 

yanj htul waktu-nja Jjagi kapal, 

artoji kapal, horloji kapal (X.I.). 
Chrysalis (krisVlis), s. sarorg 

ulat ; (of the silk worm) indoiy'^ 

Chrysolite (-o-lit), s. ratna"^ chm- 

Chubby (chub'bi), adj. sintal'^ 

m until. 
Chuck (chnk), v. t. (throw) cham' 

pak, huarg. 
Chuck, s. rag urn plarek.'^ 
Chuckle (chuk'kl), v. i. glakak, 

glak kak-kak.* 
Chum (chum), s. handai,* sohat- 

andai (B.), saliabat yarg rapat, 

sobat balk (B.). 
Chunk (clmngk), s. (of wood) s- 

krat; (of stone) torgkol; (small- 
er) ktul,'^ bukv. 
Church (cherch), s. (building) gre- 

ja; (a body of Christians) per- 

kumpolan (X) ; (the church uni- 
versal) eklisia (G.) (X.). 
Churchyard (cherch'yard), s. ha- 

laman greja. 
Churl (cherl), s. orarg hutan, oraiy 

kasar, orarg chrobohf (miser) 

orarg lokek. 
Churlish (cherl'ish), adj. (rude) 

kasar, chrobohf (stingy) lokek. 
Churn (chern), s. putaran mntega, 

Churn, v. t. buat mntega; (agitate) 

Cicada (si-ka'da, u. s. si-ka'da), s. 

Cicatrice (sik'a-tris), s. parut,'^ 

bkas luka. 
Cider (si'der), s. iuak buah tufah 

(Ar.) ; see apple. 
Cigar (si-gar'), s. chrut, chrutu, 

rokok hlanda (X.I.). 
Cigarette (sig'a-ref), s. rokok, ro- 
kok kertas. 
Cinchona (sin-ko'na), s. pokoh 

kwirrin (E.), pokok kina (X.I.). 
Cincture (singk'chur), s. tali pirg- 

garg, ikat piiggarg, brgkorg. 
Cinder (sin'cler), s. ararg. 
Cinematograph (sin'e-mat'o-graf). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, earry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure ' ' 

hurry; fdod, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. ' 




s. wayaiy gamhar, komidi gamhar 

(X.I.), wayatg glap. 
Cingalese (sing'ga-lez'), s. orarg 

Cinnabar (sin'iia-bar), s. hatu 


Cinnamon (-mun), s. kayu manis. 
Cipher (sl'fer)^ s. (the figure 0) 

aiyl'ci kosoryj^ argka not* noml)or 

kosorg (B.), mil (N.I.) ; (inter- 
woven letters) hiiruf hertaiyhupj* 

(secret writing) tulisan rahsia. 
Circle (ser'kl), s. 'bulatan,* bulat, 

limdar (N.I.). 
Circle, v. i. (move in a circle) her- 

idar* pusirg-piimy (B.) ; (as a 

hawk) leyar* 
Circle, v. t. (encompass) kliliryi* 
Circuit (-kit), s. (revolution) per- 

idaran;'^ (district) dairah (Ar.) 
Circuitous (ser-ku'i-ti/s), adj. in^ 

leiykoTc, mlemhory* 
Circular (ser'ku-ler), adj. mlery- 

korg, hertmu puncha,'^ hidat, hun- 

dar (N.I.). 
Circular, s. surat yarg di-peridar- 

kan,'^' saklar (E.). 
Circulate (-lat), v. i. (move in a 

circle) heridar/^^ herkitar;'^ (from 

place to place) herjalan, herlaku;'^ 

(of news) pcliali. 
Circulate, v. t. idarkan/^ kitarkan/^ 

jalankan kliliry. 
Circulation (-la'sh?7n), s. (act of 

moving round) peridaran* per- 

kitara?i;* (diffusion) laku; (of 

the blood) jalan darah. 
Circumambulate (ser'ki^m-am'bu- 

lat), V. t. slisir* kUlirgi* 
Circumcise (-siz), v. t. khatankan 

(Ar.), sunatkan. 
Circumciser (-er), s. mtidi?n* (Ar. 

Circumcision (sizh'mi), s. khatan 

(Ar.), sunat. 
Circumference (ser-kum'fer-ens) , 

s. lilit hidaian, lergkarg* klilirg- 

rya (B.). 

Circumlocution (ser'kwm-lo-ku'- 

shim), s. perkata'an mlemhory*- 

perkaia'an lanjut* 
Circumnavigate (-nav'i-gat), v. t. 

hlayer kliliry, klilirgi* 
Circumscribe (-skrib'), v. t. hirgga- 

kan/-' hadkan (Ar.). 
Circumspect (-spekt), adj. iiyat^ 

jaga, saksama (Sk.). 
Circumstance (-stans), s. lial, pri,*- 

pri-lial, hal-ehwal'^ (Ar, anwdlj, 

pi. of HflZ). 

Circumstantial (-stan'shal), adj. 

yarg haiyak pri-lial-nja.'^ 
Circumvent (-vent'), v. t. perdaya- 

kan, elalikan. 
Circus (ser-kws), s. ivayaig kuda, 

komidi knda (X.I.), sarkas (E.), 

tvayarg sarkas. 
Cistern (sis'tern), s. kolah; (lar- 
ger) kolam. 
Citadel (sit'a-del), s. kota dalam. 
Citation (si-ta'shim), s. (summons) 

saman (E.) ; (quotation) purgid- 

an* shotan. 
Cite (sit), V. t. (summon) saman 

(E.) ; (quote) purgiit, shot. 
Citizen (sit'i-zn), s. anak 7iegri. 
Citizenship (-ship), s. liak anak 

negri,* hal mnjadi anak-negri. 
Citron (sit'n/n), s. limau hali. 
Citronelia grass (-el'la gras), s. 

City (sit'i), s. negri; (fortified) 

kota; (sea port) bandar. 
Civet (siv'et), s. musarg-jhat. 
Civic (-ik), adj. negri (a), as, liak 

7iegri* civic rights. 
Civil (-il), adj. (polite) heradab 

(Ar.) ; (polite in speech) her- 

hham; (not official) preman. 

Civil action, d'aivaan perkara liak 

afnu lierta. Civil service, kerja 

kompni, kerja kraja'an. Civil 

Avai", praiy antara orarg s-negri. 
Civilian (si-vil'yan), s. orarg pre- 

7nan (D. vrijman). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recfnt, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not. .connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimts, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/jen. 




Civility (-i-ti), s. adab (Ar.), hudi- 

Civilisation (siv'i-li-za'sh»n), s. 

tamaddun (Ar.), l-ahalumn 'adat. 
Civilize (-Hz), v. t. haluskan kla- 

l-uan dan 'adaf. 
Civilized (-lizd), adj. bennudun 

Clack (klak), v. t. berbunji Moh- 

klok;* (of speech) bJetir. 
Clad (klad), v. t. berpakaian. Clad 

in blue, berpakaian biru. 
Claim (klam), v. t. (demand) tun- 
tat; (challenge as a right) d'awa, 

Claim, s. (demand) d'awa, tuntut- 

an; (right, privilege) liak (Ar.). 
Claimant (klam'ont), s. oiwy yaiy 

mnd'awa, pnuntut* 
Clairvoyance (klar-voi'ans), s. 

aicas,"^ 'ihnu trus mata. 
Clam (klam), s. krarg. 
Clamber (klam'ber), v. i. rargkak, 

mraiykak (B.). 
Clammy (-mi), adj. (sticky) ber- 

hyas; (damp) hnbap, 'mbal;* (of 

the skin) Iket* bergtah. 
Clamorous (-er-us), adj. bertriak- 

tr'iak, bersorak-sorak. 
Clamour (-er), s. bisirg, rioli, rioh- 

rndah, iigar* geger.^ 
Clamour, v. i. bertriak-triak. 
Clamp (klamp), g. apitan,'^ pnclug- 

Clamp, V. t. apit.* 
Clan (klan), s. kaum (Ar.), sukit,"^ 

Clandestine (khln-des'tin), adj. 

bersmbwiyi, mnchuri-churi, diam- 

Clang (klang), v. i. gmmcliaiy* 

berdmrg* berdroty* berdriiy* 
Clang, s. krory-krary* dro)y-dmry* 

k rnch aiy-krnMiy, ym ratak* 
Clank (klangk), v. i. ymrncliary* 

Clannish (khan'nish), adj. yary ta'- 

man dliampur barysa lain. 

Clap (klap), V. t. (as the hands) 

tpok; (place suddenly on, as the 

hand on the mouth) Ikapkan. 
Clap, s. (of thunder) buryi ptir, gu' 

roh;' guntor (X.I.) (B.). 
Clapper (kiap'per), s. (of a bell) 

anak loclieig; (of wood) klntoiy; 

(turned by the wind) bolary-ba- 

Claret (klar'et), s. s-jnis ayer ary- 

yor, aryyor tnerah. 
Clarify (-i-fi), v. t. jernelikan, 

bcrselikan, li niiykanj^ 
Clarionet (-i-o-nef), s. srunai, sroni 

(B.), Mar net (Eur.) . 
Clash (klash), v. i. (of sound) ym- 

rnrhary;* (collide) berlarggar, ber- 

antok, terantok; (contend) ber- 

Clasp (klasp), s. (a catch) gancliu; 

(of a belt) pndiiy; (embrace) 

pJok ; (closer) dakap.* Clasp 

knife, pisau lipat. 
Clasp, V. t. (fasten) yanchukan; 

(embrace) plok; (more closely) 

Class (klas), s. . (group) parykat, 

taraf* (Ar. Taraf) ; (in school) 

kla.s, derjah (Ar.) ; (division) 

bhayian; (kind, variety) jnis, 

Class, V. t. aturkan berparykat- 

parykat, a-siiykan berjnis-jnis. 
Classic (klas'sik), s. kitab yary ter- 

utania,^ kitab bhasa Grik dan Rom. 
Classical (-si-kal), adj. deri-hal 

bhasa Grik dan Rom, deri-hal bhasa 

yaty halus. 
Classification (-fi-ka'shiin), s. per- 

uturan sperti parykat atau jnis, 

Classify (-fi), v. t. aturkan berpary- 

kat-parykat, asiiykan berjnis-jnis. 
Classmate (klas'mat), s. kawan 

m ?yaji. 
Clatter (klat'ter), s. Itap-ltop, ker- 

tap-kertop, krory-krary,* yrodah, 

yerdak-yerdok, yniratak;* (of 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; i'lse, us, minws, cure, injure ' 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin f/ien. 




feet on a plank floor) gerdum- 

Clause (klawz), s. (in documents) 

bah (Ar.), fasal; (Gram.) ary- 

(joia pcrk-afaan* 
Clavicle (klav'i-kl), s. tulanj slarg- 

Claw (klaw), s. (of beasts and 
birds) kukii; (of crabs) spit; (the 
wliote foot of birds) chakar. 

Claw, Y. t. (grip with nails) cMau; 
(scratch with nails) garu,'^' garoJcj 
(of fowls) kais, chalw. 

Clay (kla), s. tanah Hat. 

Clean (klen), adj. Iterseh, perseli;* 
(morally) sudd, ta'bei^dosa (B.). 

Clean, adv. sl-ati, sl'ati-kali, s-mata- 

Clean, v. t. cliuchi, herselil-an, suchi- 
l-an; (by washino-) txisoh ; (as cot- 
ton) J)ysar* To clean the teeth, 
hersugi/'' To clean rice or fish in 
w^ater, kosel-. To clean fish or 
vegetables for cooking, siaig* per- 
siarg (B.). Also see wash. 

Cleanly (kleu'li), adj. Jjerseh. 

Cleanse (klenz), v. t. chnchi, chu- 
chikaii, berseld'an. To cleanse 
one's self after defilement, ber~ 
siiclii, bercliebok, beristinja (Ar.) ; 
(ceremonially) anihil ai/er smhah- 
yarg; (from defilement of pigs or 
dogs) sertu.-^ See ablution. 

Clear (kler), adj. (transparent) 
Itnirg,* jerneh; (of the atmos- 
phere) clirah, chuacha; (evident) 
irarg, ryata, jlas; (keen, acute, as 
sight or mind) tajam, trarg; 
(])right) trarg-tmrarg ;* (free 
from blemishes or obstructions) 
tranj, jlati ;* (of sounds) trarg, 
tyarirg. Clear sky, cliuacha, cliua- 
rJia baik. 

Clear, v. t. iraiykan, chrahkan, jer- 
nphJmn, as above. To clear jungle, 
tbarg ; (undergrowth) tba><. To 
clear a path, rntas, rntis* 

Clearance (kler'ans), s. (act of 

clearing) ktrargan; (distance a- 

part) jarak* Port clearance, pa» 

Clear-cut (-kut), adj. trarg. 
Clear-headed (-hed'ed), 'dd}. .tajairt 

Clearing (-ing), s. (in jungle) 

chrargf (felled, but not yet 

burnt) rba,^ 
Clear-sighted (-sit'ed), adj. mata 

tajam . 
Cleat (klet), s. tupai-tupai.'^' 
Cleave (klev), v. i. (stick) tkat; 

(unite by affection or interest) hu- 

bora, dampirg,'^ 
Cleave, v. t. btah. 
Cleaver (klev'er), s. pisau pmotonj 

Cleft (kleft), s. chtah, chlak (B.) ; 

(made by cutting) takek. 
Clemency (klem'en-si), s. kmurah- 

an, bias. 
Clench (klench), v. t. pant; (the- 

fist) gnjgaml-an targan; (the teeth 

Clergy (kler'ji), s. padri, pndita 

Clergyman (-man), s. padri^ guru 

agama, pndita (N.I.). 
Clerical (kler'i-kal), adj. padri (a)^ 

krani (a). Clerical dress, pakaian 

padri. Clerical work, pkerja'an 

Clerk (klark, u. 8. klerk), s. juru^ 

tut is, krani. 
Clever (klev'er), adj. pandai, bijak,. 

cherdek, ahli (Ar.), pintar (N".I.), 
Cleverness (-nes), s. kpandaian, k- 

pintaran (N.I.). 
Clew (kl65 or klu), s. (ball of 

thread) tiikal;^ (hint) pertunjok^ 

'an; (Xaut.) kaki layer. 
Clew, V. t. (Xaut.) To clew up, s- 

tiuiqi tayer. 
Click (klik), Y.i. ktek, dtek.^ 
Click, s. ktek, dtek.'* 
Client (kli'ent), s. (at law) orarg 

yarg rnrgupah pguam,* oratg yarg 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




paVai Joyar (E.) ; (in business) 
omfg berlatgganan* 

Cliff (klif), s. tbiig titygi, thirg yarg 
('hurani, churaman hukit. 

Climate (kli'met), s. hawa. 

Climax (-maks), s. (steady in- 
crease) pnamhahan; (highest 
]joint ) p iinch ok, * hnimcli ok. 

Climb (klim), v. i. t. panjat, naik; 
(hills) daki;"^ (of plants) jalar* 
lata, mlata (B.). 

Climber (klim'er), s. pmanjat, yarg 
mnjalar,^ yarg mlata, as above. 

Clinch (klinch), v. t. hergkokkan 
hirjoix) paku; (confirnij as an argu- 
ment) ttapkan. 

Cling (kling), v. i. (by twining 
round) 1)1 it; (adhere to) Ikat; 
(hold fast to) pant. 

Clinic (klin'ik), s. plajaran mrgohati 
oraig sakit. 

Clink (klingk), s. drirg,'^ dchirg* 
khri'ug, kltirg. 

Clinker (klingk'er), s. talii ararg 

Clinker-built (-bilt), adj. (Xaut.) 
tindeh-kaseh , pa pan herlapis, pa- 
pan hersirip. 

Clip (klip), V. t. (cut off) giintlrg; 
(clasp) chigkani. 

Clipper (klip'per), s. (for cutting 
hair) guntiig kuda; (Xaut.) kapal 
tkirg tiga yarg laju. Clipper bow 
(Naut.) Iialuan seroig, lialuan 

Clique (klek), s. perskutuan orarg 
yatg ta'mau Jjerramah-ramaha'n 
drgan orarg lain.'^ 

Cloak (klok), s. (garment) haju 
kllawarf (pretext, cover) pnu- 
doiy, piyaiuar.'^' 

Cloak, V. t. (conceal) tadoig, samar- 
kan* smhuiyikan. 

Cloakroom (klok'room), s. tmpat 
rinyimpan pakaian orarg ramai. 

Clock (klok), s. jam l)sar, jam din- 
dug* jam tembok (B.). 

Clockwork (klok'werk), s. psawat 
jam/^ pmwat arloji (1).), psawat 

Clod (klod), s. (of earth) gumpal; 
(of clay) kpal;* (a dolt) oiwg 
tola, orarg torgorg* 

Clodhopper (klod'hop-per), s. orarg 
hit tan, orarg kuratg ajar. 

Clog (klog), V. t. (obstruct) skat; 
(choke) kamhus,'* tumpat;"^ (un- 
pede) tahankan, tgah. 

Clog, s. (impediment) tgalian, p- 
numpat,'* (block of wood) pnjig- 
karg; (wooden sandals) trornpak, 
chakiak (Ch. chhd-kidh). 

Cloister (klois'ter), s. (covered 
walk) srambi; (monastery), ru- 
mah orarg berklialwat (Ar.), ru- 
rnah orarg rahib (Ar,). 

Close (kloz), V. i. (end) habis; 
(come together) rapat; (as a flow- 
er) kunchop. 

Close, V. t. (shut) tutop, katop; (the 
eyes) kjam, pjam;* (the hand) 
grggamkan; (the teeth or lips) 
ktap; (an umbrella) kunchop; (of 
bivalves) tatgkup;* (a hole or 
well) sbu* tintbus; (draw to- 
gether, unite) rapatkan; (con- 
clude, consummate) liabiskan, 
slsaikan, slisekan (B.), jtaskan.* 

Close, s. (conclusion) prghabisan, 
ksudahan, kjlasan;* (of a narra- 
tive) tarn at (Ar.) ; (precinct of a 
cat! led r al ) // alaman . 

Close (klos), adj. (near) dkat, ham- 
pir,'* rapat, berdampirg;"^' (nar- 
row) smpit; (stingy) lokek, etc., 
see below; (dense, compact) mam- 
pat, ttal;"^ (intimate) rapat, rafik 
(Ar.), ikrab (Ar. aqrdb). 

Closefisted (klos'fist'ed), adj. lokek, 
kikir, kdkut, chekel,* tatgkai jrirg, 
bakhil (Ar.), ayer di-grggam ta'- 
tiris (Prov.). 

Closehauled (-hawld'), adj. 

(Naut.) niiyorgsorg aigin. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, Her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, avvfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Closereefed (-reft), adj. (Naut.) 
layer habis di-andah. 

Closet (Idoz'et), s. hileh hcliil. 

Closing (kloz'iiig), adj. yarg prg^ 
hahisan, yarg ahhir (Ar.). 

Closure (klo'zhur), s. Tcputusan 
mashuarat (Ar.). 

Clot (klot), s. huhu, gumpal, Icpal, 

Clot, V. i. herhiil'a, hergumpal, ber- 

Cloth (klawth or kloth), s. (the 
fabric) Jcain; (of a billiard table) 
lakan (D.) ; (spread on the floor 
at a meal) sufrah (Ar.) ; (clerical 
profession) parghat padri. Broad- 
cloth, sakhlat (Pers.), kain stg- 
klat (B.). Cloth of gold, kain 
hnaig mas. 

Clothe (klo^/t), V, t. pakai, pakaikan, 

Clothes (klo^/iz), s. pakaian, kain- 
baju. With only the clothes one 
has on, drgan s-lai s-pirggarg. 

Clothes-horse (klo^/iz'hors), s. 
sampaian^ kain. 

Clothes-line (-lln), s. tali pnjmor 
kain, ampaian* kain, tali pryidai* 

Clothing (kldth'ing), s. pakaian, 

Cloud (klowd), s. awan; (red) meqa 
(Sk.), teja (Sk.) ; (blemish) cha- 
chat. Eain cloud, awan miyan- 
dorg liujan. iStorm clond, pokok- 
argin.^ A cloud of smoke, kpulan 
asap* asap berkpui-kpul,* asap 
naik iahun-m nabun.* 

Cloud, V. t. (cover with cloud) saput 
aican;* (darker.) kabuskan,* glap- 
kan, klamkanf (stain) datargkan 
rh achat. 

Cloudless (klowd'les), adj. tiada 
berawan, chuacha balk, chuacha,* 

Cloudy (-i), adj. rdop, suram* imi- 
ramj'* (indistinct) kabus.* 

Clout (kiowt), s. (cloth) kain s-krat, 

kain s-climpirg f (patch) kain. 

tanipal; (a blow) spak, tampar. 
Clout, V. t. (patch) tampal, tain- 

porg/^ (strike) tampar, spak; 

(with nails) piikol pakii. 
Clove (klov), s. bujga chrgkeh, butgct. 

chitgkeh (B.). Clove hitch, tani- 

bat ay am. 
Cloven (klo'vn), adj. terblah. 
Cloven-footed (-foot-ed), adj. ber~ 

blah kuku. 
Clown (klown), s. (in a circus) 

orajg klakar, alan-alan,^ pran,"^' 

smar,* oranj la teak (P.) ; (rustic) 

orarg Initan. 
Qlownish (klown'ish), adj. s-lakit 

orarg hntan,* burok lakii,"^ terg- 

kah-laku sperti oraig hntan. 
Cloy (kloi), V. t. jmu,^ muak.^ 
Club (klub), s. (cudgel) blantan;"^ 

(longer) pmntoigf (in cards) kla- 

war; (association) perskutuan,* 

perkumpolan, Map v^.)- ^^^ 


Club, V. i. (unite) bersntu; (to pay) 

berte'yan (Ch. theh-ien). 
Club, V. t. pntorg,* pukol digan torg- 

kat, pargkorg. 
Clubfoot (klub'foot), s. pekok,*" 

cltepoh,* chepok (B.). 
Clubhouse (-hows), s. speles (D^ 

Cluck (kluk), V. i. berktok. 
Clue (klo5 or klu), s. (hint) per- 

tunjok'an, tanda, 'alamat, turut- 

Clump (klump), s. (of wood, sawn 

off) reja; (hewn off) bahanf' (of 

trees) gompoig,* tompok, Mom- 

pok; (of grass or bamboos) mm- 

Clumsiness (khnn'zi-nes), s. kchatg- 

Clumsy, adj. (awkward) jarggal,'^ 

chatggo)g; (of work) kloloh,* ta'- 

snonoh, rojmk-rapek.* 
Cluster (klus'ter), s. (of fruit on 

one stalk) taigkai, tandan, teig- 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, flre^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Ji-el* roryJcol;* (of grass, bamboos, 
etc.) rumpun; (of islands or 
separate fruits) gur/iimn;* (of 
trees or men) klompoh, tompok; 
(tied together) ranjkaL 

Cluster, V. i. herhrumun, herkum- 
pol, herdompak* herdempel/^ her- 
togkel* trergkel.* 

Clutch (kluch), V. t. (seize with 
hands) paut, cliapai; (in the closed 
fist) gig gam; (between finger and 
thumb) clirgkam; (in figliting) 
chkaii, cherkaiL, chiykauf^ arggau* 

Clutter (klut'ter), v. t. ropak-m- 

Coach (koch), s. (carriage) kreta 
lamhaigan, kreta plargkin; (tu- 
tor) guru pmhantu; (trainer) 
orarg yarg mngajar kuda atau oraiy 
yaig herlumha. 

Coach, Y. t. ajar. 

Coachman (koch'man), s. sais, 
oraig ijarg mnjalankan kreta, kiisir 

Coadjutor (ko'a-ju'ter), s. pnoloig, 
pm bantu. 

Coagulate (ko-ag'u-lat), v. i. her- 
huku, berhku* hergumpal, kntal. 

Coagulate, v. i. hkukan* kfitalkan, 

Coal (kol), s. (charred fragment, 
extinguished) araig; (still hot) 
bara api; (the mineral) araig batu. 
Coal gas, gas. Coal mine, galian 
ararg. Coal oil, miiyak tanah, 
miti/ak gas. Coal tar, miryak tar, 
(E.), miryak ter (D.), holorg.^ 

Coalesce (ko'a-les'), v. i. (unite) 

Coalition (-lish'wn), s. pakatan, per- 
s t uj u a n, p ersk u t uan.'^ 

Coarse (kors), adj. (of size) kasar; 
(of texture) ksat, kasap* grutu; 
(thick) tbal; (of words or actions) 
kasar, kahar (Ar.), tasnonoli, cliro- 
boh;'^ (rough workmanshi])) ta'- 
snonoh, gabas* sergiit.* 

Coarseness (kors'nes), s. kkasaran, 

etc., as above. 
Coast (kost), s. pantai, tpi laut, pirg^ 

gir (N.I.). Coast guard, klasi 

yarg mnjaga di tpi laut. Coast 

line, tlok rantau.'^ 
Coast, V. i. susar,^ rantau.* 
Coasting (kost'ing), adj. yarg m- 

Coat (kot), s. baju; (long) jubah 

(Ar.) ; (layer) lapis. Coat of 

mail, baju rantai, baju zirah (Ar.). 

To wear the coat inside the sarong, 

berdagatg luar.* 
Coat, V. t. (with metal or cloth) sa- 

lutf' (with dirt) lumurkan, tepek; 

(with sugar) sira.* Coated as 

the inside of a cooking pot, ber- 

Coating (kot'ing), s. salutan/^ lapis. 
Coax (koks), v. t. pujok, bujok* 

cliumbu, kechek. 
Coaxing (koks'ing), s. pujok-rayu.* 
Cob (kob), s. (of maize) mmpulor;* 

(horse) kuda tu7ggarg yarg tgap; 

(lump) bnku. 
Cobble (kob'bl), v. t. tampal, tarn- 

Cobbler (-bier), s. tukarg mmbaik- 

kan kasut, tukarg jdliit kasut. 
Cobblestone (-bl-ston), s. batu li- 

chin, batu ayer."^ 
Cobra (ko'bra), s. idar tdorg. 
Cobweb (kob'web), s. sararg labah- 

labah; (pi. in a house) sawatg.* 

Festooned with oobwel:)S, berslirat* 

dtgan sararg labah-labah. 
Coccyx (kok'siks), s. tularg torg- 

Cochin China (ko'chin chl'na), s. 

negri Kamboja. 
Cock (kok), s. (fowl) ayam jantan, 

mandorg,* ayam jagok (N".!.) ; 

(tap) chratj^ pili ayer;* (ham- 
mer of a gun) pltop, pmtek,* 

ptek'a7i* Fighting cock, ayam 

saborg, ayam saborgan. 
Cock, V. t. (of small things, as a tail) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use. us, minMs, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




JHfkit;* (of larger tilings) jorykit; 

(the eye) hUakhin uiata, jliry ; (a 

oiiii) ptek.* 
Cockade (kok-ad'), s. 'alamat deri- 

ixida pita di-pakai pada topi* 
Cock-a- whoop (kok'a-hoop'), adj. 

Cockatoo (-too'), s. huroig kakak- 

Cockatrice (-tris), s. idar jadi-jadi- 

Cockchafer (kok'cha-fer), s. s-jnis 

Cockerel (kok'rel), s. anak aijam 

Cockfight (-fit), s. saborgan ayani. 
Cockle (-kl), s. krary, lokan. 
Cockle, V. t. herkrut, herkdut* 
Cockleshell (-shel), s. siput krary, 

pni'uy piri* 
Cockney (-ni), s. anak neyri Lon- 
Cockpit (-pit), s. ylaiygarg; 

(Naut.) hUek bagi orary luka. 
Cockroach (-roch), s. Upas* ka- 

chuak (B.) (Cli. ka-tsoali). 
Cockscomb (koks'kom), s. (the 

tlower) hurya halon) ayam* hnrya 

jirgyeli ayam (B.) (Jav. jergger). 

See C()MJ{ a])d coxcomb. 
Cocksure (kok'sluir'), adj. tertniu, 

intu xkali. 
Cockswain (-sn), s. juru-mudi, 

Cocktail (-tal), s. niinuman her- 

chainpur arak. 
Cocoa (ko'ko), s. pokok choklat 

Coco, or coco palm (kcVko), s. po- 
kok njiur* pokok klapa. 

Coconut (-lint'), s. buah lyiur* 
budh klapa. Coconnt matting, 
I ill a r sabot. 

Cocoon (ko-ko6n'), s. mroiy idat; 
(of silk) indok* sutra. 

Cod (kod), s. s'-jnw ikan. Cod-liver- 
oil, niinjak ikan. 

Coddle (kod'dl), v. t. manjakan. 

Code (kod), s. peraturan sgaJa hu- 

kum, imdarg-nndary. 
Codger (koj'er), s. (miser) orarg 

lokek: (eccentric old man) ///a- 

lyok* pa' pandir.* 
Codicil (kod'i-sil), s. tambahan surat 

Codify (ko'di-fl), v. t. aturkan hu~ 

kum ataii undaiy-undary. 
Coerce (ko-ers'), v. t. (restrain) 

tyahkaw, tahanl-an; (compel) pak^ 

m, kra-n, kraskan, y ay alii.* 
Coercion (-er'slu/n), s. pal'sa, kkras- 

Coercive (-siv), adj. yaty nimaksa^ 
Coeval (ko-e'val), adj. sama 'umor, 

s-umor, sama zaman. 
Coexist (ko'egz-isf), v. i. ada ber- 

Coextensive (ko'eks-ten'siv), adj. 

sama rata, sa)na luas. 
Coffee (kof'fi), s. kopi (D.), kahiua 

Coffeehouse (-hows), s. kdai kopL 
Coffeepot (-pot), s. kipsiau* (Ch. 

kip-sio), pochi kopi (D. potje). 
Coffer (kof fer), s. pti. 
Cofferdam (-dam), s. 'mpaiyan 

nirgrinikan ayer. 
Coffin (-fin), s. lory* larory,* kran- 

da (Sk.), pti orary mati (B). 
Cog (kog), s. (of a wheel) yiyi 

jntra;* (tenon) putiry. 
Cogency (ko'J6'n-si), s. kuasa dalam 

Cogent (-jent), adj. kiiat, berkuasa 

dalam bidiara. 
Cogitate (koj'i-tat), v. i. fikir, k^ 

naiy, tfkur (Ar.). 
Cognate (kog'net), adj. (allied by 

blootl) bersaudara, bersanak* s- 

dayiry s-darah; (of similar nature) 

s-jnis^ s-barysa, s-rnacliam. 
Cognizance (kog'ni-zans or kon'i- 

zans), s. prytahnan. 
Cognizant (-z^/nt), adj. S'taJiu.* 
Cognomen (kog-no'men), s. na?na 

kluarya* se" (B.) (Ch. .s'l"). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mini/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Cogwheel (kog'weel), s. jntra ber- 

gif/i, rod a bergigi. 
Cohabit (ko-hab'it), v. i. (live to- 
gether) lirggal bersania-sama; (as 

liushand and wife) bersatu, s- 

I'tifJoran* s-pertidoran.* 
Cohabitation (-i-ta'slii/n), s. s- 

Coheir (ko-ar'), s. scuna s-waris. 
Cohere (ko-her'), v. i. berlinhorg, 

jreket:'" (logically) berstuju. 
Coherent (-eiit), adj. berhuboig, 

jreket;'^ (logically) berstuju, drgan 

Cohesion (ko-he'zhim), s. perhu- 

boigan, perdampugan,'^' lied m- 

Ikat, krapaian. 
Cohesive (-siv), adj. yarg ber- 

huhorg, yarg mlkat, yarg jreket.^' 
Cohort (ko'liort), s. pasokan soldado 

oraig Horn dludu kala. 
Coil (koil), V. t. lergkar, lergkarkan, 

JUitkan-; (ropes) lergkar, sarqli 

Coil, V. i. berJergkar, berlilit, berblit. 
Coil, s. lergkar, lergkaran, lilitan, 

bliian, gulorg, sargli (L.). 
Coin (koin), s. (corner) pnjuru; 

(money) icaiji. 
Coin, V. t. (mint) tmpa warg,'^ tuarg 

warg, bikin irarg (B.) ; (invent, 

originate) adakan, reka. 
Coinage (koin'ej), s. hal mnrnpa^ 

inng, etc., as above. 
Coincide (ko'in-sld'), v. i. bersama- 

'an; (in place) s-tmpat, bertmu; 

(in time) s-masa;* (concur, agree) 

s-kata, s-turut, berstuju. 
Coincidence (ko-in'si-dens), s. per- 

saniaan, perstujuan, pertmuan. 
Coition (ko-ish'«n), s. jinia (Ar.). 
Coir (koir), s. sabot. Coir matting, 

tikar sabot. Coir rope, tali sabot. 
Coke (kok), s. tahl ararg batu. 
Colander (kul'an-der), s. tapisan. 
Cold (k5ld), adj. sjok, diigin-f (suf- 
fering from cold) kdirginan,* kna 

sjok. Cold chisel, pahat bsi. In 

cold blood, drgan liati sjok; (de- 
liberately) drgan srgaja. 

Cold, s. (absence of warmth) sjok, 
dirgin;* (catarrh) slsma, sma- 
sma,"^ slestua (B.). 

Cold-blooded (kold'blud-ed), s. (of 
fish, etc.) darali sjok; (hard-heart- 
ed) kras Jiati. 

Colic (kol'ik), s. sakit mmidas, chi- 
ka, snak, rujat.* 

Collaboration (kol-lab-o-ra'sh?m),, 
s. Jial bkerja bersama-sania. 

Collapse (kol-laps'), v. i. (as a bal- 
loon or jHieumatic tyre) kmpis; 
(as the sides of a well) runtoh, 
ruboh (B.) ; (fail completely) ha- 
bis rosak, hilarg Jargsotg. 

Collar (kol'ler), s. (of a coat) lehir 
baju, kalar (E.), krah (D. kraag) ;. 
(ornamental, of metal) Icha,* ka- 
lorg;* (for a dog) rlarg ;'^ (ring of 
metal or rattan) sintpai. Col- 
lar bone, tularg slargka,^ tularg 
chnak.* Collar stud, butarg dasi 
(D. dasje), kanchirg lehir. 

Collate (kol-laf), v. t. bandirgkan. 

Collateral (kr>l-lat'er-al), adj. ber- 
liuhorg, berdinnpirg,'^ berstuju. 

Collation (k^^l-la'shim), s. (act of 
collating) lial iivmhandirgkan'; 
(liglit meal) makan alas prot.^ 

Colleague (kol'leg), s. orarg yaig 
saina jairatan,'^ oranj yarg sarna 

Collect (kol-lekf), v. i. (assemble) 
/; crk um /)ol, b erh inipon.'^ 

Collect, V. t. (bring together) kum- 
polka u, li im po nka a^* ka mpo rgkan ;■ 
(pick up) kutip; (obtain pay- 
ment) purgut; (gather in heaps) 
lorggokkan; (material for build- 
ings, etc.) raniu.* 

Collect (kol'lekt), s. surat do'a. 

Collected (kol-Iekt'ed), adj. (calm, 
composed) sjok hati, diam, tnaig 

Collection (-lek'shy/n), s. (act of 
collecting) hal rnrgumpolkan, -etc.. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, f^ort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




as above; (the thing collected) 

kmmpolan, hiniponan* piuxjutan, 

ramuan;* (contribution of money) 

(juran* te'j/an (Ch. theh-ien). 
Collective (-tiv), adj. bersama- 

Collector (-ier), s. prgumpol, p- 

muigut, piyutip.* Collector of 

l^and Ee venue, pmiuyut hasil 

College (kol'lej), s. sholah hsar^ 

skolali iitygi, madrasah (Ar.). 
Collegiate (kol-le'ji-et), adj. sholah 

hsar (a). 
Collide (kol-lid'), v. i. herlarggar, 

iemnfol% herantol','^' berlaga. 
Collier (koryer), s. orarg yarg mrg- 

gali araig, kapal yarg muat ararg. 
Colliery (-i), s. galian ararg. 
Collision (kol-lizh'uji), s. perlaig- 

garan, antoVan. 
Collop (kol'li/p), s. (of meat) s- 

hrat, s-potoig, s-ktul."^ 
Colloquial (kol-lo'kwi-al), adj. 

(used in conversation) dalam per- 

chakapan; (common or familiar) 

klaziman (Ar.). 
Colloquy (kol'lo-kwi), s. pertidoran. 
Collude (kol-lud'), v. i. herpakat 

Collusion (kol-lu'zh«n), s. pakatan, 

suhahat,^ tipu-daya. In collusion, 

s-pakat, hersuhahat* 
Colon (ko'lon), s. (large intestine) 

prot ilia, letgkar prot; (in writ- 
ing) fanda perhntian [ : ]. 
Colonel (ker'nel), s. prglima yaig 

mmreniakkan pasokan s-ribu oraig 

Colonist (kol'o-nist), ora^g yaig 

dudok di negri asirg. 
Colonize (-niz), v. t. hulca negri 

hharu, pindah k-negrl bharu. 
Colonnade (-on-nad'), s. srambi. 
Colony (-o-ni), s. (the people) 

kiunpolan orarg yatg dudok di 

vegri asirg; (the country) kdudok- 

an orarg asirg. 

Colossal (ko-los'sal), adj. wnbarg* 
bagor,"" bsar skali, s'argat bsar, 
a mat bsar* 

Colossus (sns), s. patorg yarg amat 

Colour (kul'er), s. tverna, oma 
(B.). A coloured pattern, cho- 
rak, dondon* Of many colours, 
werna-werna, pancha-werna.'* 

Colours (of a regiment), bndera. 
To be seen in one's true colours, 
kdapafan bndi.* 

Colour, V. t. ivernakan; (by dyeing) 
chlop; (with whitewash) sapu ka- 
pur, labur;* (with paint) sapu 

Colour, V. i. (blush) bra* iram* 
naik main. 

Coloured (-erd), adj. berwerna. 

Colourless (er-les), adj. (without 
colour) tiada berwerna; (trans- 
parent) jerneh, hnirg;* (vapid) 
tawar, ainbar.* 

Colportage (kol'por-tej or kol-por- 
taj'), s. hal mnjaja kitah. 

Colporteur (kol-por-ter') s. pnjaja 

Colt (kolt), s. anak kuda. 

Column (koYum), s. (pillar) tiary 
batu; (of troops) lajur;* (of a 
newspaper) ruargan;* (of smoke) 

Coma (ko'ma), s. bias* (Pers. 
bihaush) ; (if respiration has 
ceased) slak. 

Comatose (ko'ma-tos or kom'a-tos), 
adj. terlalai, peigsan, tiada kha- 
barkan diri. 

Comb (kom), s. (for hair) sikat, 
sisir; (of a cock) balorg* jeiyger 
(Jav.), jin/geh (B.) ; (of honey) 
saraig; (when empty) sambaig;* 
(in weaving) sisir. 

Comb, V. t. sikatkan, sisirkan. 

Combat (kom'bat or kum'bat), v. t. 
lawan, larggar. 

Combat, v. i. berkWti, beradu. 

-ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, c^rry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, miuMs, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Combat, s. praty, pprargan, per- 
la fcanan , perkiah ian . 

Combatant (kom'ba-tant), s. orarxj 
yatg berpratg. 

Combative (-tiv), adj. pmhantah,* 
yanj suka herklahi, gararg. 

Combination (kom'bi-na'shwn), s. 
perk ubo rgan, persk u t uan,^ cliam- 

Combine (kom-bin'), v. t. liuhorg, 
huhoigkan, mtiikan, samakan, per- 
skutukan,'^ champurkan; see below. 

Combine, v. i. herhuhoig, hersatu; 
(confederate) berskutuj* berstuju; 
(by affinity) berchampur. 

Combustible (-bus'ti-bl), adj. bo- 
leli di-makan api, Ikas mnjala, 
snanj miyala. 

Combustion (-ch;m), s. kahargus- 

Come (kum), v. i. datarg, mari 
(P.) ; (arrive) sampai, tiba; (hap- 
pen) jadi. To come about, (hap- 
pen, result) jadi; (Xaut.) belok. 
To come across, jumpa, bertmu, 
jrrnpak/^ dapat. To come and go, 
pei*gi balek, lain lalarg/^ To come 
at (reach, gain), dapat, beroleh;* 
(attack) datanji."^ To come by 
(obtain), dapat. To come down 
(descend), turun; (be humble) 
jadi rndah. To come home, pu- 
larg. To come in, masok. To 
come in for, dapat, trima. To 
come last, chorot. To come loose 
(as plaster), glokak* To come 
near, liampir,^ datorig dkat. To 
come off (happen), jadi; (escape) 
Ipas; (as a garment) tanjgal* To 
come on (of storms), turun; (of 
fever) naik; (approach) ham'pir.'* 
To come out, kluar; (of news) 
pchah; (be known) ktara, ryata. 
To come round (change), ber- 
obah : (recover) siaman* seliat, 
sudah baik (B.). To come short, 
ta' sampai. To come to (recover), 
irgat akan dirt, siuman;* (reach) 

sampai. To come to grief, kna 
chlaka. To come to a head (of a 
boil), tumljoh*' bermata; (ma- 
ture) smpurna. To come to one's- 
self, sdar akan diri; (after faint- 
ing) siuman pula.* To come to- 
pass, jadi. To come together, ber- 
himpon* berkumpol. "To come 
true, jadi, sampai. To come up. 
(ascend), naik; (arise) bargun, 
terbit, timhol. To come up to 
(equal), samakan. To come up. 
with (overtake), susul/^ dapati."^ 
To come upon (befall), timpa; 
(attack) datargi.* 

Comedian (ko-me'di-^zn), s. pran* 
orarg yaig bermain wayaig prggli 

Comedy (koni'e-di), s. wayarg pig- 
gli hati. 

Comeliness (kum'li-nes), s. k'elok- 
an, kcliantclcan. 

Comely (kum'li), adj. baik paras,, 
elok, chantek, molek. 

Comet (kom'et), s. bintarg berekor,. 
bintarg berasap, bintarg berbiintot 

Comfit (kumTit), s. liahra,'^ manis- 

Comfort (kum'fert), V. t. (console) 
hibur, lipiir (Jav.) ; (encourage) 
bri hati,^ ttapkan hati. 

Comfort, s. (consolation) pighibur- 
an; (freedom from pain or want) 
snarg, ksnargan. 

Comfortable (-a-bl), adj. snarg, 
sdap, strihaf^ (Ar. istiruTiat) . 

Comforter (er), s. prghibnr. 

Comfortless (-les), adj. ta snarg. 

Comic (kom'ik), adj. sloroh, yarg- 
nimbri tertawa, prggli-hati, luchu,'^ 

Comical (-a\), adj. = comic, q. v. 

Coming: (kum'ing), s. kdatargan. 

Comity (kom'i-ti), s. budi-bhasa. 

Comma (kom'ma), s. tanda per- 
hntian [,]. Inverted commas, ian^ 
da perrhakapan [" "]. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimts, cure. Injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Command (kom-mancV), v. t. (or- 
der) suroli, pmn; (of God) fir- 
man (Ar.) ; (of kings) titali;'^ (of 
princes or propliets) sahda (Sk.) ; 
(exercise anthority) prentah, pren- 
iahl'an; (guard, as a fort) lindorg. 

Command, v. i. berpsan, pgarg pren- 
la/i, pegarg jyi-eniak (B.). 

Command, s. (order) hukum, psan- 
aii, firman (Ar.), Utah* sahda 
(Sk.), as above; (autliorit.y) pren- 

Commandant (korn'man-danf), s. 

'Commander (kom-mand'er), s. 
prghulu, hpala; (of an army) piy- 

Commanding (-ing), adj. yarg m- 
mr entail ; (forceful) gagah. 

Commandment (-m^^nt), s. hiil-am, 

Commemorate (-mem'o-rat), v. t. 
itgail-an, hiarglwi. 

Commemoration (-ra'slum), s. 

Commence (kom-mens'), v. i. mu- 
Wi, nrulai (B.). 

Commencement (-mcnt), s. mula, 
vermulaan, aual (Ar.), ami, parg- 

Commend (kom-mend.'), v. t. (com- 

* niit) stah, sralil'an; (recommend, 
entrust) ptarohJiUn ;'^ (praise) pu- 

Commendable (-a-bl), adj. terpiiji, 

paint di-puji. 
Commendation ( kom'men-da'- 

sli/ai), s. pnji, I'pujian. 
Commendatory (kom-mend'a-to- 

ri), adj. gaig mniuji. 
Commensurable (kom-men'shur-a- 

1)1), adj. j/aig hoi eh- di-samali'an, 

Commensurate (-et), adj. s-kdar,* 

■s-kadar* (Ar. qadar). 
Comment (kom'raent), v. i. (make 

a remark) shot; (explain) trarg- 

I'an, sJiiuatil'an (Ar.) ; (make an- 
notations) tafsirl-an (Ar.). 

Comment, s. shotan, tafm (Ar.). 
Xo further comment is needed, ia'- 
iisa/i shot lagi. 

Commentary (kom'men-ter-i), s. 
tafsir (Ar.). 

Commentator (-ta-ter), s. atiU taf- 
sir (Ar.). 

Commerce (kom'mers), s. (trade) 
perniagaan; (intercourse) per- 

Commercial (kom-mer'shal), adj. 
(carrying on commerce) herniaga, 
herdagaig ;* (pertaining to com- 
merce) perniagaan (a). Com- 
mercial house, korgsi saudagar. 
Commercial partner, rakan* 
Commercial scliool, skoJah per- 
niagaan. Commercial town, han- 
dur,'* pkan.* 

Commingle (-ming'gl), v. i. her- 
(It am pur. 

Commiserate (-miz'er-at), t. t. sa- 
garg, kaseliankan, kaseliani.* 

Commiseration (-a'shmi), s. sa- 
i/aig, kasehan, hlas-kasehan. 

Commissariat (kom'mis-sar'i-at), 
s. orarg-orarg yarg jaga hkalan sol- 

Commissary (-sa-ri), s. (deputy) 
irakil, oraig herpsanan; (of troops) 
pgawai yaig jaga hkalan soldado. 

Commission (kom-mish'/vn), s. (act 
of doing) lial lumhuat; (charge) 
psanan; (written authority) surat 
pr entail; (brokerage or allowance 
in trade) kamsen (E.), upali da- 
lal* (Ar. dalal), komisi (X.T.) 

Commission, v. t. psankan. 

Commissioner (-er), s. ivakih* p- 

Commit (kom-mif), v. t. (intrust) 
sialikan, amanaf kan (Ar.), ptaroh- 
kan;"^ (do, perpetrate) huat; 
(bind, pledge) targgorgkan alas. 
Yo commit to menu)ry, lia/xdkan* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min«s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




(Ar. liafadl). To commit one's 
self to do, tatggoKjkan s-suatu at as 

Commitment (-ment), s. lial tn- 
njmhl'an, hal pnjaral'ati.'^ 

Committal (-ml), s. hal nuyrahl'an, 
hal rinnbuat. 

Committee (-ti), s. jaicatan hua- 
sa* hmiti (E.). 

Commode (kom-mod'), s. jamhan 
kur^l, pti jamhati, jamhan dudoh. 

Commodious (-i-//s), adj. (spa- 
cious) Iga, hi as, lajKvg; (service- 
aide) berg una. 

Commodity (-mod'i-ti), s. dagaig- 
an/^ baraig jualau. 

Commodore, (kom'mo-dor), s. lu- 
piian kapal yaig mnirentahl-art 
Iain-lain l-apal pula. 

Common (kom'm?/n), adj. (bcloiio-- 
jng to all) sania pcrolehan/'^ per- 
skutnan,^ 'am (Ar.) ; (usual) k- 
banjakan; (customary) klaziman 
(Ar.) ; (abundant) jebah,^' la- 
rhak,'^ mlechak (B.) ; (ordinar}^ 
not exceptional) kbanjakan; (in- 
ferior in quality) kurarg haik. 
<'ommon people, onifg hina-dina.'^ 
Common sense, 'akal-panjaig, hati 
prof. Ill eo\nuion, be rskuiu."^ Out 
ot' the common, bukan kpalarg, 
b u ka n a la fg-kpa la ig. 

Common, s. tanah oraig raniai, ta- 
nah wakaf (Ar.). 

Commonalty (-al-li), s. oratg k- 
batyakan, orarg hina-dina/^ 

Commonly (-ii), adv. (usually) 
biam-fya, memaig; (frequently) 
krap, krap kali. 

Commonplace (-plas), adj. kba- 

Commons (-m?/uz), s. (common 
f>eople) oraig kbanjakan, oraig 
hina-dina/^ (House of Commons) 
niajli'^ mashuarat oraig kbanjakan 
di negri England.^ 

Commonwealth (kom'm?/n-welth), 
s. prnreniahan oraty hanjalc. 

Commotion (kom-mo'shim), s. 
(violent motion) kachau; (of 
people) gmpar;^ hnru-hara; (of 
mind) kloh-ksali.''^ 

Commune (kom'mun), s. dairah"^ 
di nrgri Fransis. 

Commune (kom-mun'), v. i. ber- 
bichara, her mash uarat (Ar.) ; (re- 
ceive the Communion) makan Per- 
jannian Tuhan (X.). 

Communicable (-i-ka-bl), adj. (of 
diseases) yanj boleh berjargkit ; (of 
knowledge) yarg boleh di-bri iahu. 

Communicant (-IvYait), s. oraig 
ipirg makan rerjamuan Tnlian 


Communicate (-kat), v. t. (bes- 
tow) bri; (of God) knrnlakan 
(Sk.) ; (convey) baiva; (make 
known) bri iahu, nialumkan 

Communicate, v. i. (have inter- 
couj-se) berrhampur, bersatu, ber- 
ramah-raniahan f^ (be connected) 
berhuboig; (receive the Commu- 
nion) makan Ferjamuan Tuhan 

Communication (-ka'sh/ai), s. (of 
disease) hal mnjargkit; (of in- 
formation) briia (Sk.), khabar; 
( i] 1 tercourse ) pe rrama h a /? /* per- 
skutuan;-^ (connection) perhu- 

Communicative (-ka-tiv), adj. 
yarg suka berkhabar, perraniah. 

Communion (-yim), s. (act of 
sharing ) persk u f uan ;* ( familiar in- 
tercourse) perramahanf' (fellow- 
si lip) persahabatan; (body of 
(Christians) perkumpolan (X.) ; 
(the Ijord's Supper) Ferjamuan 
Tuhan (X.). 

Communism (koni'mri-nizm), s. 
peraturan bagi mmperskutukan s- 
gala herta oraig.^^ 

Community (kom-mun'i-ti), s. 
(common possession) pershutu- 
anf' (a body of people) perk urn- 

ate, ask, am. final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, mini/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




polan; (^ocietv at large) oraty 

Commutable (kom-juut'a-bl), adj. 
yanj boleh di-iul'ar. 

Commutation (korn'mfi-tri'sh zm) , 
^. pviinkaran. 

Commute (kom-mut'), y. t. tukar; 
(a jmnislmu'iit) rergankan. 

Compact (-pakt'), adj. (firm) itap: 
(densely packed) mam pal, ssak, 
rapat: (solid) aniapr' mantap/'' 
pad II r pjal :'^ (of discourse) rerg- 

Compact (kom'])a,kt)^ s. perjanjian, 
pa ka I a II. 

Companion (kain-pau'vun), s. Im- 
wan, mil aha I , sohat, liandai/' so- 
hai andr (B.). faulan.'-' iman_^ 
rakanr n/aparg^' 

Companionable (-a-bl), adj. ra- 

Company (kum'pa-iii), s. (fellow- 
slii) ) ) pc rmJi a baiaii : ( assemblage 
of persons) pcrkumpolan. Mom- 
pok; (guests) jamnan f^ (associ- 
ation) pcrskuiuanj^^ mdarg/^ korgsi 
(Cli.) ^sh a rikah (At.) ; (of troops) 
pasokan. In company (travel- 
ling), hersa'iiig^' 

Comparable (kom'pa-ra-bl), adj. 
s-lara. s-lolok* s-hwndirg. 

Comparative (kom-par'a-tiv), adj. 
'(comparing) yani mmbandirg; 
(relative) drgan kdar-nja/^' digan 
kadar-rga'^ (Ar. qadar). 

Compare (kom-par'), v. t. bandhg, 
bandirgkan, folok;^ (liken) mn- 
paiiiakan. mniakati. 

Comparison f-pai-'i-sn), s. (act of 
comparing) hal mmbandiig : (state 
of Ijeing compared) bandirg, tara, 
toJok :* (similitude) perumpama- 
'an, iiK'stal (Ar. mithal), Mas 
(Ar.). Beyond comparison, tiada 
iara-tga. I lad a bandirg-iya. 

Compartment (-part'mrnt), s. 
pctak, kolak. 

Compass (kmn'pas), s. (limit, 

bonndary) swpadan, pcrhbgga- 
'an :'^^ (the instrument) pdoman* 
koinpas (E.). 

Compass, v. t. (go round) hlilirgi; 
(suri'onnd) kponj; (circumvent^ 
accomj)lJsli ) sampaikan. 

Compasses (-ez), s. pi. jargka* 

Compassion (kom-pash'zm), s. sa- 
yaig, bias. ka-<ehan : (of God) rah- 
wal (Ar.). 

Compassionate (-et), adj. her- 
kasp/ian, piyayarg^' bias kati; (of 
Clod) rah man (Ar.). rahim (Ar.). 

Compatibility (-imt'i-biri-ti), s. 

Compatible (-bl). adj. herstuju, 
berstiijiian. berfiaiidan, padun. 

Compatriot (-pa'tri-ot), s. orayg s- 

Compeer (-per'), s. bandirg, tara, s- 

Compel (-pel'), v. t. pal-m, gagaJii,*' 

Compendious (-pen'di-?^s), adj. 

Compendium (-uin), s. rerykasan.*^ 

Compensate (kom'pen-sat), v. t. 
ha I as, ganii, si/eh.'^' 

Compensation (-sa'slmn), s. ganti' 
krugian, baJasan, imhoh;* (for 
mnrder) bargun* diaf (Ar.). 

Compete (kom-pet') v. i. lawan, 
ad II, bertandiig,^' bertandirg her- 
jaf (in a race) herkimba; (in 
wi-estling) gluf.'^' To compete at 
footljall, hertandiiy futboJ,* larvan 
main fuibol (B.). 

Competence (kom'pe-t^ns), s. (fit- 
ness) kpatuian, la yak:* (sufHcien- 
cy) k/>ada'an.'^' 

Competent (-tent), adj. (ade- 
quate) chid-op. pada:* (suitable) 
patui, layakr padan. 

Competition (-tisli'z/n), adj. per» 
lairanan, peraduan. 

Competitor (kom-pet'i-ter), s. la- 
van, onng yaig be radii-. 

Compilation (kom'pi-la'sli?/n), s. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror: old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

iiiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




lial mramu* surat; (that which is 
compiled) ranuian* surat. 
Compile (kom-pir), v. t. ramir 

Complacency (-plfi'sen-si), s. sudi, 

lull herknan, kredlaan (Ar.). 
Complacent (-sent), adj. berknan, 

sudi, redla (Ar.). 
Complain ( -pla n' ) , y. i. ( murmur ) 
sKtgut^ rotok;^ (make accusation) 
adu. To complain of, tudoh/^ 
Complainant (-ant), s. prgadu, p- 

nudoh* pnd'awa. 
Complaint (-plant'), s. (murmur) 
•^Nrgutan; (illness) piyakit; (ac- 
cusation) ptgaduan, tudolwnj^ 
d'awaan. To make a complaint, 
migadii, klakh (N.I.) (D. klaag). 
Complement (kom'ple-m^nt), s. 
(that which completes) pig g nap- 
an; (full quantity) khgkapanf' 
(completeness) ksinpuniaan. 
Complete (kom-plet'j, adj. (noth- 
ing lacking) chukop, gnap, Irgkap; 
(perfect) snipurna; (finished, con- 
cluded) sudah, hah is, jlas, slsai* 
slise (B.). 
Complete, y. t. diukfjpkan, gnapkan, 
pnolii/^ smpurnakan, sudahkan, 
hahiskan, jlaskan,'^ slsaikan/^ slise- 
kan (B.), as above; (the stud.y of 
the Koran) khaianiMn (x\r.)'.' 
Completely (-li), adv. dtgan s- 
chukop-rya, dtgan s-pnoh-nja, drgan 
smpurna-nia, liahis, s-habis-hahis, 
s-pnoh'pnoh , s-mata^mata. 
Completion (-ple'sh^/n), s. (act of 
completing) piyudahanf (state of 
being complete) kmdahan, prg- 
hahisan, ksnipiirnaan; (of the 
study of the Koran) kJtatam 
(Ar.). . 

(kom'pleks), adj. (coin- 

h e rbagai-haga i. pa n ch a- 

(complicated) mgu-^ 




(of the face) aifer-inuka, sri-mnka; 
(general aspect) rapa, hal. 
Complexity (-pleks'i-ti), s. see 


Compliance (-2)li'ans), s. klulnS' 

(/?//•' kkahidan* (Ar. qabul). 
Complicate (kom'pli-kat), v. t. 
kusutkan, kachauka?i, kJam-kahot- 
kan, ragukan.^' 
Complicated (-('d), adj. ragn- 
ragu/^ knsat, klam-kahoi; ier- 
Complication (-kfi'sh/yn), s. ragn:^ 
klam-h-abot, sunpolan, kusulan, 
Complicity (kom-plis'i-ti), s. pur- 

.^kutuan* snbahat,^ pakafan. 
Compliment (kom'pli-nipnt), s. 
(greeting) tabek, salam; (to a 
prince) smbah; (expression of 
approbation) piiji-pujian; (con- 
gratulation) perbhagia'an (iSk.). 
Compliment (-ment) v. t. (praise) 
puji; (congratulate) sboikan bha- 
gia (Sk.), bhagiakaif (Sk.). 
Complimentary (-men'ta-ri), adj. 

yaig mnuiji. 
Comply (IvMn-pir), v. i. (give con- 
sent) kabid^ (Ar. qabul)', lulus* 
To comply with (a request), sam- 
paikan, lorotgkanf' (a person) 
Component (po'nent), adj. yaig 
nmjadikau. Component parts of 
the body, bhagian yarg mnjadikaii 
ha dan, aiggota. 
Comport (-port'), y. t. To comport 
one's self, ber/aku,'^' bawa din, 
lakukan diri."^ 
Compose (-poz'), y. t. (put to- 
gether) liuborgkan, rapaikan, re- 
kaf (form, constitute) jadi, jadi- 
kan; (by mental labour) kararg, 
ruchanakanf (of yerses) ik'at 
ipantun) ; (soothe, calm) tnarg- 
kan liati. 
Composed (-pozd'), adj. inarg liaii, 
sjok liati. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, ree^'nt, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorrv; use, us, mini/s, cure, injure, ' 

hiirrv; food, foot, awfool (a^vful) ; law, how, oil; thin ^en. 




Composer (-poz'er), s. pfl/ara}y; 
(of music) prgararg lagu. 

Composite (kom'po-zit, r. s. kom- 
poz'it), adj. (com pounded) cliani- 

Composition (kooi'po-zisli'/ni), s. 
(act oJ' composing) lidl mrgaranf; 
(combination) reliaan,^ cliampur- 
an; (literary ) karaifjan: (settle- 
ment of debt) kjlasanJ^^ 

Compositor (kom-poz'i-ter), s. 
(printino-) prgatur Jniriif (Ar.). 

Composure (-po'zlini-), s. biaiy 

Compound (koni-pownd'). v. t. (by 
combining) cliampiir, (pud: (as 
medicine) banrholi/^ pudif'' (ad- 
'just by agi-eement) slmihm drgan 

Compound (kom'pownd), adj. ter- 
cltampur, terliahoig. Compound 
liouse, rurnali hampoig. Com- 
pound fracture, pataJi-rio'k,^ pa- 

Compound, s. (mixture) cJiampur- 
an : (enclosure round a liouse) lia- 
laiaan, kamporg riimah. 

Comprehend (kom'pre-bend'), y. t. 
(include, comprise) muai, han- 
dorg; (understand) migerti, pa- 
h Clin , 7)1 afh um { Ar. ) . 

Comprehensible (-lien'si-bl), adj. 
yatg holelt di-kandorg , yaig dapai 
orarg mrgeiii. 

Comprehension (-hcn'slum), s. 

Comprehensive (-hen'siv), adj. 
yarg hcrisi Imrgah, yaig miiat ba- 
npik, yarg ntfgandorg hanpdi per- 
kara, hws. 

Compress (kom-pres'), v. t. inain- 
pat, asak, 'int.* 

Compress (kom'pres), s. (bandage) 
haiiit. Cold compress, jarani.'-' 

Compressible (kom-pres'i-bl), adj. 
yarg holeh di-mampatj, yarg dapat 

Compression (-presh'i/n), s. prg~ 
axaVan. pmampaian. 

Comprise (-prTz'), v. t. kandorg,*- 
muai, herm. 

Compromise (kom'pro-miz), s. 
(settlement) hal shai digari mna- 
fakatf' (prejudicial concession) 
hal ktia hndiana. 

Compromise, v. t. (settle by ar- 
biti'ation) slsaikan digan miia- 
fakal;'^' (endanger life or reput- 
ation) bawa bnrhana; (pledge) 
kiia masoh pajanjian; (connect 
with a crime) bahit, terbaUt (B.), 

Compulsion (kom-pursh«n), s. 

Compulsory (-so-ri), adj. (com- 
pelling) yatg nimaksa; (obliga- 
tory) hams, icajib (Ar.), ferdlu 
(Ar.), pei'lu (ISM.), yatg nisti 

Compunction (-pungk'shwn), s. 
sdeli di hati sbab miysaJ. 

Computation (kom'pu-ta'shz/n), s. 
hitorgan, bilaigaih, kua-kira, arg- 

Compute (kom-puf), v. t. hilarg, 
hitoig, kira-kira, /r/.sY<?>* (Ar. Hi- 
mb), arggar. 

Comrade (kom'red), s. kaican, liati- 
dalf^ mhabut, see comj'axtox. 

Con (kon), v. t. blajar, luigaji. 

Concatenation (kon-kat'e-ua'- 

sb?m), s. beiiurid'tiirutaii, pa'* 
h uhoigan. 

Concave (kong'kav or kon'kay), 
adj. liiorgkornJ^ 

Conceal (kon-sel'), v. t. (hide) sm* 
binyilwi; (cover up) tntop, lin- 
dorgkan, Utiipr (withhold know- 
ledge) miliar.* 

Concealed (-seld') adj. tei'lindoig. 

Concealment (-sel'm^'nt), s. sm- 
binyi, peiimdoigan,, kmnmrav.* 

Concede (-sed'), v. t. (yield, sur- 
render) bri; (grant, permit) lu- 
luskan;* (acknowledge, admit to 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carrv; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, ns, minxs, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ten. 




be true) mirjahu, berikrar (Ar. 
aqrdr) . 

Conceit (-set'), s. (idea, concep- 
tion) mjrjl'a, jihiran; (vanity) 
^omboiT], clioryl'ok, horghak* 
btr/ah* ' 

Conceited (-ed), adj. borgkah/^ 
bsar liaii, brrjah* dakar* To be- 
come conceited, dapat liati. 

Conceivable (-sev'a-bl), adj. yarg 
boleli di-saryka. 

Conceive (-sev'), v. t. mnjandorg, 
buntirgkan, haniilkan (A.T.) ; (form 
in the mi]id) rundirg* berronderg 
(B.), fikirkan, saigkakan; (under- 
stand, apprehend) dapat taliu, m- 

Conceive, v. i. kandoig/^ mrgan- 
dorg, biuitirg, hamil (Ar.). 

Concentrate (kon's^n-trat), v. t. 
kvmpolkari k-trgah* iumpukanf^ 
rapatkan; (condense, as liquids) 

Concentric (kon-sen'trik), adj. (of 
circles) yarg sama s-piisai. 

Concept (kon'sept), s. sargka, nin- 
dirgan* fikiran. 

Conception (kon-sep'sh?/n), s. (of 
the embryo) hal mrgayidorg ; (in 
the mind) rundifgan* fikiran, 
migka; (apprehension) pigeriian. 

Concern (-sern'), v. t. (relate to, 
affect) intarg,'^' kna-migna; {in- 
lerest) pduli; (be solicitous) kliua- 
fir (Ar. khawarir), bimbarg. 

Concern, s. (atfair) hal, perkara; 
(solicitude) kJivaiir; (business) 

Concerning (-ing), prop, deri-hah 
faml, iniatg* aZ'^??.* 

Concert (kon-sert'), v. t. (plan to- 
gether) jxikat, muafalcatkan (Ar.), 

Concert, v. i. /mkaf, bermuafakai 

Concert (kon'sert), s. (harmony of 
plan) mimfakat (At.), perstuju- 
an; (musical) buryi-bnyyian . 

Concertina (-ser-te'na), s. kodian 

Concession (kon-sesh'?/n), s. (act 
of yielding) hal mmbri, hal mluluS' 
kan;* (a grant) izin deri-pada 

Conch (kongk), 5. ■'<untu jnis siput. 

Conciliate (kon-sil'i-at), v. t. jinak- 
kan, darnaikan/^ baikki, inuafakai- 
kan (Ar.). 

Conciliation (-a'slu/n), s. hal ?nn- 
jinakkan, etc., as above. 

Conciliatory (-a-to-ri), adj. yarg 
nwu mnjinakkan, etc., as alx)ve. 

Concise (-sis'), adj. retgkas* 

Conclave (kong'klav or .kon'klav), 
s. pakaian. sulif.'^ 

Conclude (kon-kliid'), v. t. (reach 
an end in reasoning) putuskan, 
iniukan; (end, fiaish) habiskan, 
xudahkan, shaikan/^' slisekan 
(B. ): (effect, bring about) Uap- 

Conclusion (-klri'zh«u), s. kputus- 
an, kiniuan, pighabimn, pnjiiddh^ 
an, kilapan, as above; (of a book) 
ianiai (Ar.) : (of Koran studies) 
khaiain (Ar.). 

Conclusive (-siv), adj. (ending de- 
bate) yarg rnntutuskan; (convin- 
cing) yarg mrgyalcirikan* (Ar. 

Concoct (-kokt'), v. t. (of food or 
drugs) siapkan,\champur, viasak- 
rnamk: (in the mind) adakan, 

Concoction (-kok'slum), s. (of 
food, drugs) champuran; (men- 
tal) rvndirganj^' pakatan. 

Concomitant (kon-kom'i-tant), adj. 
yarg viryerta'i'/'' yarg nugikut. 

Concord (kong'kord), s. sjahtra 
(8k.), nniafakai (Ar.), perstuju- 

Concordance (kou-kord'ans), s. 
da:fiar^' sgala perkata'ari dalani 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; foo.l. foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin /7jen. 




Concourse (kong'kors), s. (a run- 
ning together) pertmuan; (assem- 
bly) perkumpolan, perkrumunan. 

Concrete (kon'kret or kong'kret), 
adj. (as opposed to abstract) la- 
hir* (Ar. iWiir). 

Concrete^ s. koiykret (E.). 

Concubine (kong'ku-bin), s. (if 
purchased) gundeh, chandehj* 
(free) hndalc. 

Concupiscence (kon-ku'pis-sens), 
s. hrahi/* 'asliih (Ar.). 

Concur (kon-ker'), v. i. (meet) her- 
tniu: (agree) lerstuju, lerhnan, 
Jcahiil'^- (Ar. qahul). 

Concurrence (kon-kur'rens), s. per- 
tm uan, ];)erstujuan. 

Concurrent (-rmt), adj. (agreeing 
in o})inion) herstuju; (agreeing 
in time) hermma-sama, s-masa* 

Concussion (-kiish'7/n), s. teranfoTc, 

Condemn (-dcnV), r. t. (pronounce 
guilty) salahl'afi; (judicially) hu- 
hiimkan, jatohlnn liuhum, Itakkari 
liuhum; (pronounce unfit) tolah, 

Condemnation (kon'dein-na'shim), 
s. (act of condemning) lial mrya" 
lahl'an, lidl migliul'umkan; (state 
of being condemned) liuhuman. 

Condensation (kon'den-sa'shi^n), 
s. lial nimampatlcan, etc., as below. 

Condense (kon-dens'), v. t. (make 
compa*-t) mampatlcan; (of li- 
quids) hitalkan; (reduce by eva- 
poration) liisaphan; (abridge) 
retgkadwi :'^ (steam into water) 
jadikan ayer. 

Condense, v. i. (become compact) 
maw pat: (as steam) mnjadi ayer. 

Condenser (-or), s. perkal'a^'i mm- 
huat ayer deri-pada wap. 

Condescend (kon'de-send') v. i. 
rndalikan dlri, tundok, sudi. 

Condescension (-sen'shun), s. hal 
m rndalikan diri; (courtesy) so- 
pan,'* hudi-hhasa. 

Condign (kon-dln'), adj. layak:^ 

pa flit, pad an. 
Condiment (kon'di-mmt), t?. n- 

lant, muihal, kichap. 
Condition (kon-dish'«n), s. (state) 

hal, pri,'^ pri-hal/* k'ada'an, hal- 

ehval'^ (Ar. aiiival, pi. of hdl) ; 

(essential quality) k'ada'an, sifat 

(Ar.) ; (stipulation) sharat (Ar.). 
Condition, v. t. (limit by condition) 

sjiaralkan (Ar.). 
Conditional (-al), adj. drgan .s7/rt- 

raf (Ar.), afas sharat (Ar.). 
Condole (kon-dol'), v. i. tumparg 

duka-rhiia'^ tumparg susdh-fiati. 
Condolence (-do'l^ns), s. tumparg' 

an duka-rhita,'^ tumpargan susak- 

Condone (-doji/), v. t. anipuukaa, 

mahapkan (Ar. ma'df). 
Conduce (-dfis'), v. i. hawa, hri, da- 
ta) gkan. 
Conduct (-dukf) v. t. (lead) hawa, 

hantarj (by the hand); 

(escort, attend) irbg;^ (manage, 

carry on) jalankan. To conduct 

one's self, haira diri, herlaku.^ 
Conduct (kon'dukt), s. (act of 

leading) hal mmhawa, hal rnn- 

jalankan; (deportment) ieigkali' 

taku, taku:* (behaviour) klakuan, 

pkerti (iSk.), fe'el (Ar.). 
Conductor (kon-duk'ter), s. pm- 

bawa, prghaniar, prganjur;'* (on 

trams) tukaig ieket (E.) ; (on 

estates) krani. 
Conduit (kon'dit), s. jmnchuran, 

saluran, parit di-ihat batu. 
Cone (kon), s. auatu Imbaga yarg 

kaki'iya bulat dan kmunchak-rya 

ran eh org, sperti baigunan kukus.'-' 
Confabulate (kon-fal)'ti-lat), v. i. 

berchakap-rhakap, om oig-o m org 

Confectioner (-fek'sh^/n-ei'), s. pn- 

jiud nianisan. 
Confectionery(-i), s. halwa/'' ma- 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recrnt, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?/s, cure, injure, 

liurrv; fooc], foot, awfool (awful); "law, how, oil; tliin thon. 




Confederacy (-fed'er-a-si), s. per- 

si' u t nan, * paka fa n . 
Confederate (-et), adj. herskidu/^' 

muafakat (Ar.), subaliat/r 
Confederation (-ri'>h?/n), s. per- 

Confer (kon-for'), v. t. (bestow) 

h / /', Jv urniakan ( Sk. ) . 
Confer, v. i. herbichara, hernindirgf^ 

berronderg (B.), bermaslmarat 

Conference (kou'iV'r-6'iis), s. (act 

oi' considtiiig) hal berhkhara, etc., 

as above: (meeting) mashuarat 

(Ar.), mithy (E.). 
Confess (koii-fes'), v. t. (acknow- 
ledge) niKjaku, berikrar (Ar.), 

ikrarkan * ( Ar. aqrdr ) . 
Confession (-fesli'wu), s. ptyaku- 

an : (of faith) .shaliadat (Ar.). 
Confessional (-al), s. hal mrgaku 

dom, I in pat mrgaku dosa (R.C.). 
Confessor (-fes'ser), s. orarg yarg 

mnjaku iman-iya* padri yatg mig- 

ampiuii orarg yatg mrgaku dosa-tya 

Confidant (kou'ii-dant'), s. orarg 

i/arg di-percliat/a'i, handai,^' sobat- 

ande (B.). 
Confide (kon-fld'), v. i. perchaya, 

Confide, v. t. plarolikan/^ ainanal- 

kan (Ar.). 
Confidence (koii'fi-dens), s. per- 

ckaya, liarap; (self-reliance) tgoli 

liati, brani. 
Confident (-d^nt), adj. (sure) tu- 

tu, ttap perchaya, yahin^^ {Ax. 

yaqhi) ; (self-reliant) tgoli^ hrani. 
Confidential (-den'slial), adj. 

( trustworthy ) k perch ay a' an, stia/'' 

boleh di'perchaya (B.) ; (secret) 

ralisia, rusia (B.), sulit/'' 
Configuration (kmi-fig'u-ra'shmi), 

s. nqm Inibaga.'^ 
Confine (kon'fin), s. perhirgga'anf^ 

•y hi pad an, ka wasa n . * 
Confine (kon-fln'), v. i. (limit) 

perhirygakan;'^ (restrain) tahan- 
kan; (shut up, inclose) piiyit* 

Confined (-find'), adj. (narrow) 
sin pit, plchck.'^ To be confined, 
beranak, bersaUn."'' 

Confinement (-fin'ment), s. (res- 
traint ) pi ryita /? ,* k u ro rga n : (child- 
birth) salit beranak. 

Confirm (-ferm'), v. t. (make firm, 
establish) ttapkan, kukolikan,'^' 
tgohkan; (make certain, verify) 
tntukan, miggohl-an, kul'ohkan'-^' 
yakan,'^ bnarkan, sabUkan* (Ar. 
thdbit). salikan. 

Confirmation (kon'fer-ma'shwn), 
s. kttapan, ktgohan, hal miyurg- 

Confiscate (kon'fis-kat), v. t. ram- 
pas baratg larargan; (a pledge) 
lunchur* Confiscated, terhulur 
k-pada kraja'an,^ di-rampas, ram- 
pasan, di- papas. '^^ 

Conflagration (kon'fia-gra'sh?m), 
s. njnlaan a pi, kniaraVan'^' api, ju- 
largan* api. 

Conflict (kon'flikt), s. (c-ollision) 
tnipolian, perlawauan; (contest, 
battle) pprargan. 

Conflict (kon-flikf), v. i. (strilve to- 
gether) berlawan, berlaga, bantirg, 
Inipoli-mnmpoh; (contend, strug- 
gle) laican; (be contradictory) 

Conflicting (-ing), adj. berlawan' 
la wan. 

Confluence (kon'flu-ens), s. (a 
running together) pertmuan; (of 
rivers) kuala; (of people) per- 
kumpolan, krumunan. 

Conform (kon-form'), v. t. (make 
like) srupakan : (bring into har- 
mony) stujukan. 

Conform, v. i. (be in harmony) ber- 
stuju; (submit) turut. 

Conformable (-a-bl), adj. (simi- 
lar) s-rupa, S'laku,"^' bersama'an; 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not. connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




(consistent with) mnurut, stuju 
(by an. 

Conformation (kon'for-ma'sliwn), 
s. (agreement) perstujuan; (ar- 
rangenie ii t ) pe ra t aran . 

Conformity (kon-fonn'i-ti), s. (re- 
semblance) permmaan; (con- 
gniity) perstujuan. 

Confound (kon-fownd'), v. t. (con- 
fuse) haru-hirukan ;* (mistake) 
mlah ambil; (pei-plex, dismay) ha- 
vliaul'an, bifyotrjkan, cktyaryhan, 

Confraternity (kon'fra-ter'ni-ti), 
s. persahabatan. 

Confront (kon-lTimt'), v. t. (face, 
oppose) mrghadap; (put face to 
face) ^muk-al'an; (contrast) ban- 

Confuse (-tuz'), v. t. (mix, jumble) 
kachau, k usut kwi, ragukan* halai- 
balaikan* cliampurkan.; (of the 
sight or mind) rnfjiamkan;* (per- 
plex) bugotgkan, klirukan. 

Confused (-t'uzd'). adj. see above; 
also klam-kabot, eliachau/^ bbar* 
lopak'lapek/^' i^KaUbamt, ■ porak* 
parek, silaig-miyilarg, champur' 
baur/' haru-biru.* ■kachau-bilau,^ 
lialai-baJai,^ rundu-randa;* (men- 
tally) pikau* gamam,^ malan.* 

Confusion (-fii'zh^.ai), s. see above. 

Confute (-fuf), v. t. salahi, salah- 
kan (B.), bantahi;'^ (silence) 

Congeal (-jeF), v. t. bkukan.^' 

Congeal, v. i. berbku.^ 

Congee (kun'je), s. kanji. 

Congenial (kon-je'ni-al), adj. (sym- 

Congested (-jest'ed), adj. ssak. 
Conglomerate (-glom'er-et), adj. 

terhimpon* tertwibon. 
Conglomerate, s. timbonan, per- 

Congratulate (-graeh'u-lat), v. t. 

inintakati slamat, sbotkan bhagia 

(Sk.), mtyuchap berkat, tumpaiy 

Congratulation (-la'slizm), s. pry- 

uchapan slamat, hal mnumparg 

Congratulatory (-la-to-ri), adj. 

ya}y rargudiap berkat. 
Congregate (kong'gre-gat), v. t. 

kumpolkan, hiniponkan* krumun- 

kan, karnpoiykan. 
Congregate, v. i. berkiunpol, ber- 

liimpoH,^ berkrumun, berkam- 

Congregation (-ga'shwn), s. per- 

kumpolan, perhimponan* jma'ah 

Congress (kong'gres), s. (assem- 
bly) perkumpolan; (conference) 

mashuarat (Ar.) ; (legislative 

body) majlis. 
Congruity (kong-groo'i-ti), s. per- 

s t uj uan, pe rsania'ati. 
Congruous (kong'groo-?^s), adj. ber- 

stuju, padan. 
Conical (kon'i-kal), adj. spedi 

baryunan kukus, tirus* lonchos. 
Conjectural (kon-jek'chur-al), adj. 

aqak-aqak, yamak-qamalc* tka- 

Conjecture (-chur), v. i. agak, ga- 
xv^,.x- V. o^x-i*^ .^vA . c XXX- fiiak,'^ kira, sargka. 
pathetic) \aum%raigaC s^tuliM; \ Conjecture, s. saigka, agak, waliara 
(naturally adapted) padan, s-rasi, (Ar.). 


patut; (agreeable) berknan di kati. 
Congenital (-jen'i-td), adj. deri 

m ula jadi, deri asal. 
Conger-eel (kong'ger el), s 

Congestion (kon-jes'ch;m), 




(-joint'li), adv. ber- 

Conjugal (kon'ju-gal), adj. laki- 

blni (a). 
Conjugate (-gat), v. t. (Gram.) 

ahotkan sgala perobahan,* tasrif- 

kan (Ar.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin than. 




Conjugation (-ga'shz/n), s. tasrif 
(Ar.), 'ilmu saraf* (At. sarf). 

Conjunction (kon-jungk'shim), s. 
(union, association) perhuhory- 
an; (of stars) 'pertmuan; (Gram.) 
prgliuhoiy perkata'an. 

Conjuncture (-chur), s. (connec- 
tion) perhuhoiyan; (combination 
of events) perstujuan hal-ehual."^ 

Conjure (kon-jur'), v. t. (implore) 
minta sargat, pohorikan.^ 

Conjure (kun'jur), v. t. (by magic) 
gunakan, jampikan, psunakan 
(Pers. afsun). 

Conjure, v. i. (with magic) pahai 
hikmat (At.), pakai 'ilnm; (jug- 
gle) her mam silap mata, hermain 

Conjurer (-er), s. tuka7y silap, p- 

Conjuring (-ing), s. silap mata. 

Connect (kon-nekf), v. t. huborg, 
satnborg; (as letters to form words) 
rargkai; (bring together) tmukan; 
(by tying together) tamhat; (in- 
volve) masok. 

Connect, v. i. berhuhoiy, hersam- 
hory, herkait. 

Connection (-nek'shwn), s. per- 
huhoryan, rarykaian, iambaian; 
(relation) kluarga* saudara. 

Connivance (-niv'ans), s. (over- 
looking) hal mndiamkan; (assent 
to a crime) s-tahu.* 

Connive (-niv'), v. i. (shut the 
eyes) balek mata, kjamkan mata, 
butakan mata. To connive at, 
biarkan, diamkan. 

Connoisseur (kon-nis-ser'), s. orary 
ahli (At.), 

Connote (kon-nof), v. t. (contain 
by implication) kandory. 

Connubial (-nii'bi-al), adj. laki- 
bini (a). 

Conquer (kong^ker), v. t. alahkanj^ 
tewaskan* mnary atas (B.) ; (sub- 
due) tundokkan, falokkan (Ar.). 

Conquer, v. i. mnary, jaya.* 

Conqueror (-er), s. yary mnary, 
yarg jaya."" 

Conquest (-kwest), s. kmnargan. 

Consanguinity (kon'san-gwin'i-ti), 
s. hal bersanak,'^' hal berkluarga.* 

Conscience (kon'shens), s. perrasa- 
'an hati, s-iahu haii.* 

Conscientious (-shi-en'shws), adj. 
yary mnurut perrasa'an hati, puteh 
hati,^- suchi hati. 

Conscious (-shz/s), adj. (having 
knowledge) berpiytahuan: (cog- 
nizant of) yary tahu; (possessed of 
one's faculties) sdar^ yary khabar- 
kan diri.* 

Conscription (kon-skrip'sht/n), s. 
hal mryrah,* prgrahan* 

Consecrate (kon'se-krat), v. t. (de- 
vote to sacred uses) wakafkan 
(Ar.), kuduskan'^ (At. qudus) ; 
(set apart to a sacred oflBce) Ian- 

Consecration (-kra'shtm), s. hal 
7nrykuduskan (Ai\), lantek'an.* 

Consecutive (kon-sek'u-tiv), adj. 
berturut-turut, benkut-ikui. 

Consensus (-sen'sz/s), s. perstuju- 

Consent (-sent'), v. i. (agree) ber^ 
stitju; (be willing) s-udi, berknan, 
suka, redla (Ar.). To consent to, 
liduskan,^ kabidkan* (Ar. qabul). 

Consent, s. (being of one mind) 
satu hati; (agreement) perstuju- 
an; (acquiescence) kredlaan (Ar.), 
sudi; (permission) izin. 

Consequence (kon'se-kwens), s. k- 
sudahan-iya, alchir-nja (Ar.), yary 
di-sbabkan,'^' In consequence of, 
deri sbdb. 

Consequent (-kwent), adj. yarg 
datary deri sbab, yary jadi oleh,* 
yary di-sbabkan.* 

Consequential (-kwen'shal), adj. 
(resulting) yary ikut, yary datary 
sbab: (pompous) sombory, bory- 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minits, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tTien. 




Consequently (-kwent-li), adv. s- 
bab it a, oleh itu.* 

Conservation (kon'ser-va'slii/n), s. 
hal mmlikaml'an, pmlihara'an. 

Conservative (kon-serv'a-tiv), adj. 
yarg mmliharakan, yarg man sim- 
pan perJcara yaiy ada, yaiy ta'mau 
tul'ar 'adai. 

Conservator (kon-serv'a-ter or kon'- 
ser-va'ter), s. pmlihara, pgavjai* 

Conservatory (kon-serv'a-to-ri). s. 
rumah I'acha mnjimpan pokok s- 
paya jargan liia sjo'k; (school) 
skolah buiyi-bmyian dan s-hagaU 

Conserve (kon-serv'), v. t. plihara' 
Jean, slamatl-an-; (preserve with 
sugar) biiat lialwa/^ hnat manisan. 

Consider (-sid'er), v. t. (think on) 
flir, fihirkan; (of the past) Jc- 
narg; (look on attentively) per- 
hatikan; (take into account) kira; 
(pay attention to) iiyat; (ponder) 
timbajg,; (estimate, regard) bilaiy' 
kan, sifatkan (Ar.). 

Consider, v. i. berfikir^ irgat, tim- 

Considerable (-a-bl), adj. yarg 
patid dl-ugati, terbilatg; (of per- 
sons) bernama; (important) brat. 
A considerable amount, bbrajxi ba- 

Considerably (-a-bli), adv. awat,"^ 
saigat, baiyak. 

Considerate (-et), adj. ya}y Urn' 
barg-^nnimhaiy , yaiy bcrirgat; (of 
other's feelings) yaiy mnimharg 
ram, yarg mnimbaiy hati. 

Consideration (-a'shtm), s. hal m- 
mikirkan, etc., see consider; (res- 
pect) honnat; (regard for others) 
hal mnimhary rasa; (reflection) 
timhaiyan, irgatan; (motive, rea- 
son)' sbab; (compensation, equi- 
valent) balasan; (gift) bayeran 

Considering (-ing),conj. pada hal,* 
sdarg, sbab. 

Consign (koii->In'), v. t. (transfer, 
deliver) srahkan; (send) kirini, 
hanfarkan: (assign, set apart) 

Consignee (kon'sln-e'), s. yaty m- 
nrima kirimati. 

Consigner (kon-siu'er), s. yaig 
mryirim, prgirim,* orarg yatg 
kirini (B.). 

Consignment (-ment), s. hal ni- 
iglnm, kiriman. Goods on con- 
signment, sambotan dagaryan.* 

Consist (-sisf), v. i. (be composed 
of) di-buat deri-pada, jadi deri- 
pada, kandoiy, berlsi; (be founded 
on) daiaiy deri-pada; (be har- 
monious with) herstuju dryan. 

Consistence (-sis't^ns), s. (exis- 
tence) k'adaan; (solidity, firm- 
ness) ktgohan; (density) kpkafaii. 

Consistency (-tm-si), s. (stabil- 
ity) ktgohan; (harmony, congru- 
ity) /j^rA'ifi//?(a/?. 

Consistent (-tent), adj. (harmoni- 
ous) berdaju, bersama'an. 

Consistory (-to-ri), ^. perkumpolan 
padri, niajlis ktua-ktua. 

Consolation (kon'so-la'shim), s. 

Consolatory (kon-sol'a-to-ri), adj. 
yatg imghibur, piyhibnr, prylipur/^ 

Console (kon-sol'), v. t. hihnr, 11- 
pur-" (Jav.). 

Consolidate (kon-sori-dat), v. t. 
(make solid) bknkan,* kraskan 
(B.) ; (make dense or compact) 
mampatkan; (unite, combine) 
satukan, samakan, kumpolkan. 

Consolidate, v. i. jadi bku,"^ jadi 
kras, jadi tgoh. 

Consols (kon'solz), s. hutaiy kraja- 
'an Irggris. 

Consonance (kon'so-nans), s. (in 
music) tala;'^ (congruity) per- 

Consonant (-nant), adj. (in music) 
bertala;'^ (agreeing) berstuju. 

Consonant, s. huruf-niaii* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, cany; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Consort (kon'sort), s. (companion) 

li-awan; (husband or wife) suaini/^ 

istri. In consort, bersama-sama, 

Consort (kon-sort'), v.i. (associate) 

herkawan, hersahahaf, berskutu.'^ 
Conspicuous (kon-spik'u-zfs), adj. 

njata; (notable, eminent) masolior 

(Ar. mashhur). 
Conspiracy (-spir'a-si), s. pal'atan 

jahat, subahat.^' 
Conspirator (-ter), s. orarg yarg 

berpakai jaliat, orarg siihahat* 
Conspire (kon-spir'), v. i. (plot) 

berpakat, bersubahat;* (concur, 

agree) berstuju, bersama-sama. 
Constable (kun'sta-bl), s. (high 

official) pgairai;* (policeman) 

riiata-mata, upas (X.I.). 
Constabulary (kun-stab'u-la-ri), s. 

perkunipolam sgala mata-mata. 
Constancy (kon'stan-si), s. kttap- 

an, ktgohan: (fidelity) 5^ia.* 
Constant (-stant), adj. (not chang- 
ing) tunakf (continuous) ju- 

yo/^;* (permanent) ttap, kkal; 

(steadfast) kukoh* tgoh; (faith- 
ful) stia* Also negatively, tiada 

befobahj tiada berhnii, tiada brenti 

(B.), tiada put us. 
Constantinople (kon'stan-ti-n5'pl), 

3. Stambid (Turk. Istanbul), Kus- 

fantiniah (Ar.). 
Constantly (kon'stant-li), adv. sn- 

tiasa (Sk.), slalu, malar, ^ s-me- 

mavg/^ miylaroh.^ 
Constellation (kon'stel-la'shwn), s. 

gugusan bintarg/^- hlompok bin- 

Consternation (-ster-na'shi^n), s. 

dahshat (Ar.), hebat (Ar. haibat). 
Constipate (kon'sti-pat), v. t. (stop 

up) sumbat, timhus, kambus;"^ (of 

the bowels) smblit. 
Constipation (-pa'shwn), s. kurarg 

laivas, kurarg jalan,* smblit, payah 

Constituent (kon-stit'u-ent), s. 

(component part) bhagian, anadr 

Constituent, adj. yarg mnjadikan, 
yarg mnntukan. 

Constitute (kon'sti-tut), v. t. (es- 
tablish, make up) jadikan, ada- 
kan; (appoint) tntukan, argkat. 

Constitution (-tfi'shz/n), s. (act of 
constituting) hal mnjadikarij, etc., 
as above; (state of being) k'ada-' 
'an; (physical qualities) sifat 
(x\r,), pri tuboh,^ hal badan; 
(temperament) tabiat; (prin- 
ciples of government) ¥ ada' an 

Constitutional (-fll), adj. (of 
body) deri-pada sifat (Ar.), &er- 
Imbaga;'^ (of temperament) deri- 
pada tabiat; (of government) 
deri-pada prentah, deri-pada k'ada- 
'an* deri-pada hukum Imbaga* 

Constitutionally (-li), adv. see 

Constrain (kon-stran'), v. t. (se- 
cure, hold tightly) tahan; (com- 
pel, necessitate) paksa, gagahi,* 
kra-si, kraskan. 

Constrained (-strand'), adj. fjo. 
manner) ta'lpas laku. 

Constraint (-stranf), s. paksa, ga- 
gah,* kkrasan. 

Constrict (-strikf), v. t. chrut.* 

Construct (-strukf), v. t. (put to- 
gether) pasarg; (make) buat, tu- 
kargi,* bikin (B.) ; (build) bargun- 
kan, dirikan, tgakkan;'^ (arrange) 
kararg, aturkan. 

Construction (-struk'shim), s. (the 
act) Jial mmbuat, hal mmbargun- 
kan, etc., as above; (form, struc- 
ture) buatan, perbuatan, aturan; 
(explanation) kryata'an; (mean- 
ing) arti, m'ana (Ar. m'dna), 
ma'na (B.) ; see construe. 

Constructive (-tiv), adj. yarg mm^ 
buat, yarg mntapkan. 

Construe (-stroo'), v. t. trarghan, 
ryatakan, artikan. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimo, cure, injure •' 

hurrj'; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Consul (kon's?/!), s. Jconsol (E.), 
Iraki I k' raj a an. 

Consular (-su-ler), s. konsol (a). 

Consulate (-let), s. pargkat Jconsoh 
tin pat konsol hkerja. 

Consult (kon-sulf), v. i. berbichara, 
herrundi7ig* berrondety (B.), ber- 
mashuarat (Ar.). 

Consult, V. t. (ask advice) minta 
akhtiar (Ar. ikhtiar), minta fikir- 
an, minta bichara; (have regard 
to) if gat. To consult a horoscope, 
biika ramal (Ar.). 

Consultation (kon'sf^l-ta'shw.n), s. 
bichara, runditgan* mashuarat 

Consumable (kon-siima-bl), adj. 
i/a}g boleh di-blanjakan, yaiy boleh 
di-habiskan-, yang boleh di-maJcan 

Consume (kon-sum'), v. t. (des- 
troy) rosakkan, hanchurkan; (by 
lire) hatguskan; (use up) habis- 
kan; (expend) blanjakan; (waste) 
boroskan^; (eat up) makan habis. 

Consummate (-sum'met), adj. sm- 
puma, S'habis-liabis, s-gnap, skali. 

Consummate (kon'sum-mat), v. t. 
(complete, perfect) smpurnakan; 
(achieve) sampaikan; (finish) 
gnapi, habiskan, sudahkan, jlas- 

Consummation (-ma'shim), s. ksm- 
purna'an, pighabisan, ptyudahan. 

Consumption (kon-sump'shun), s. 
(act of consuming) hal mrosak- 
kan, hal mrgharguskan, hal m- 
makan, etc., see consume; (state 
of being consumed) krosak'an, ka- 
hargusan, etc.; (phthisis) batok 
kriig, batok lo'sun (Ch. loh-sun). 

Consumptive (-tiv), adj. yarg m- 
rosakkan, yarg mrghablskan, etc., 
see coxsume; (of phthisis) kurus 

Contact (kon'takt), s. pertmuan, ^■- 
sntohan.* In contact, kna, ja- 
mah, jjak.* 

Contagion (kon-ta'jwn), s. hal mn- 
jargkit, pnjatgkitan. 

Contagious (-ji^s), adj. berjargkit. 

Contain (-tan'), v. t. (comprise) 
kandoig; (have capacity for) 
muat, berisi. 

Contaminate (-tam'i-nat), v. t. 
chmarkan,'^ najiskan (Ar.) ; (mo- 
rally) rosakkaii. 

Contemn (-tern'), v. t. chlakan, 
panda ig mudah,* pandarg ta'- 

Contemplate (kon'tem-plat), v. i. 
termnoig, tfkur (Ar.). 

Contemplate, v. t. (view attentive- 
ly) perhatikan, amat-amatij* (me- 
ditate on) fikirkan, iigat-irgat ; 
(purpose, intend) niatkan, kahan- 

Contemplation (-pla'shwn), s. per- 
hatian, tfkur (Ar.) ; (intention) 
7iiat, maksud. 

Contemporaneous (kon-tem'po-ra'- 
ni-^s), adj. sama masa, satu za- 
man,"^ satu jman (B.). 

Contemporary (-ra-ri), adj. sania 
masa, satu zaman,* satu jman 

Contemporary, s. baya. The con- 
temporary of this man, 'umor-rya 
s-baya orarg ini. 

Contempt (kon-temf), s. (act of 
despising) hal mmandarg mudah;* 
(state of being despised) kahina- 
^an, kckla'an, kkjian.* Contempt 
of Court, mlaiggar prentah mah- 
kaniah (Ar.), 

Contemptible (-i-bl), adj. (mean) 
hina, terhina; (vile) kjL* 

Contemptuous (kon-temp'chu-ws), 
adj. ya?g mmandarg mudah,* yarg 

Contend (kon-tend'), v. i. lawan, 
bertandirg;* (quarrel) berklahi; 
(fight) berprarg; (argue) berban- 
tah,* bertrgkar. To contend 
against, lawan. 

Content (-tent'), adj. (satisfied) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mintts, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin fhen. 




piias kati; (contented) sudi, ber- 

l-nan; (at rest) snairj. 
Content, v. t. (satisfy) puaslcan, 

chukopkan, padafi;"^' (plea^^) per- 

knankan, sudikan; (quiet) snaiy- 

Content, s. (rest of luind) ksnairj- 

an; (satisfaction) kpuamn liati. 
Content (kon'tent), s. (that which 

is contained) isi, muatan. Table 

of contents, isi hitah, fahrasat* 

(Ar. fiJiirist), Contents of a let- 
ter, biuyi surat, isi surat. 
Contented (kon-tent'ed), adj. ber- 

knan, siidl, snarg. 
Contention (-ten'shim), s. per' 

laivanan, perkJahian, pertrgkaranj 

perbanta/uinj'* see coxtend. 
Contentious (-shws), adj. yarg siika 

mlawari, bantahan.'^ 
Contentment C-tent'm^int), s. (rest 

of mind) hmaigan; (satisfaction) 

kpuamn liati. 
Conterminous (-ter'mi-nws), adj. 

yatg sanicu sat a smjjadan, ber- 

Contest (kon-tesf), v. t. lawan, 

Icuygar; (by argument) bantali' 

kan;'^ (by law) d'awa. 
Contest, V. i. berlawan, berglutf^ 

beradu, bertandirg* 
Contest (kon'test), s. perlawanan, 

perfcmduyan* perglutan* per- 

banfahan* d'aiva'an; see above. 
Context (kon'tekst), s. perkataan 

yarg berdampug* perkataan hu- 

borgan; (text) nas (Ar. nass). 
Contiguous (kon-tig'u-ws), adj. 

bertmu, berdanipiig* berdempet* 

rapat dnjan. 
Continence (kon'ti-n^.ns), s. hal 

mnaliani diri, pri ninahankan naf- 

Continent (-nt^nt), adj. yarg m- 

naJiani din. 
Continent, s. btiua.* 
Contingency (kon-tin'jen-si), s. 

perkara yatg boleh judi. 

Contingent (-jent), adj. (possible) 
yarg boleh jadi; (dependent) ber- 
gantorg k-pada. 

Contingent, s. perkara yaig boleh 
jadi; (of troops) bhagian, pasok- 

Continual (-u-al), adj. kkal, ttap, 
ttialar,'^ tiada berhnti, tiada brenti 
(B.), tiada putii^s. 

Continually (-li), adv. (without 
cessation) sntiasa (Sk.), sdiakala 
(Sk.), malar, "^ tasadah-sudah, 
nientarg; (in repeated .succession) 

Continuance (-ans), s. (perman- 
ence) kkaJ, kttapan, perkanja'rg- 

Continuation (-a/sh/m), s. (act of 
continuing) lial mrg'kalkan; (state 
of continuing) 1ml berkanjarg/^ k- 
ttapan; (prolongatio^n) lial mmaii' 
jargkan, lial miyarnbonj; (supple- 
ment) samboigan, pnarubaJian. 

Continue (kon-tin'u), v. i. (re- 
main) tirggal; (endure, last) k- 
kal; (go on in spite of difficulties) 
landa/* (be steadfast, persist) 
ttap, karar (Ar.) ; (run on) trus, 
largsorg, malar. '^^ To continue 
doing, liar kan. "^ 

Continue, v. t. (protract in duration) 
lanjutkan, panjaigkan, kkalkan; 
(add to in length) pan jargkan, 
tanibah; (s after to remain) ti^g- 
galkan; (keep on) slalnkan, talu- 

Continued (-ud), adj. kkal, tiada 
berhnti, tiada brenti (B.), trus, 
bertalu-tahij^ slalu. 

Continuous (-u-ws), adj. tiada ber- 
sla* tiada putus. 

Contort (kon-torf), v. t. (the face) 
erutkan, bergutkan; (the body) 
gliatkan/' liokka n.^ 

Contortion (-tor'shi/n), s. hal m- 
rgerutkan, etc., as above. 

Contour (kon'toor or kon-toor'), s. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry ; f 56d, foot, awf ool (awful) ; law, how, oil ; thin *7ien. 




haris di pta yarg mryatdkan ihygi 
rndali tan all. 

Contraband (kon'tra-band), s. la- 
rarg lamrgan. 

Contract (kon-trrikf), v. t. (draw 
together, as a flower) huncliup- 
kan; (reduce, lessen) hckillwi, 
sntpitJiWh; (wrinkle) kdutkan,^ 
hrutl'an; (shrink) hcliut; (bring 
on, acquire) dapat. 

Contract, v. i. (draw together, as 
a flower) kuncMip; (wrinkle, of 
the face) herhrut; (of cloth or pa- 
per) kdut; (shrink) hchiit. 

Contract (kon'trakt), s. perjanji- 
an, I'onfreh (E.) ; (monopoly) 

Contraction (kon-trak'shi/n), s. 
(act of contracting) hal mrg- 
nncliupkan, hal mrgchilkan, etc., 
as above; (state of being con- 
tracted) ksmpiian, hal kuncliup, 
hal herkrut. 

Contractor (-ter), s. pmbororg, 
orarg yarg mmbuat kerja h or org'. 

Contradict (kon'tra-dikf), y. t. la- 
van kata, hantahi,'^ haiykaiy 

Contradict, v. i. sargkal. 

Contradiction (-dik'sh^m), s. (de- 
nial) pnjaiykalan; (gainsaying) 
hantahanf^ (inconsistency) per- 
hentoharti^ perslisehan, perheM- 
'an (Sk.). 

Contradictory (-dik'to-ri), adj. 
(denying) yarg mnjargkal; (op- 
posing) yarg mnibantahi;'^ (mu- 
tually contradicting) mlawan-la' 
wan, hersliseli, herheza (Sk.), her- 

Contradistinction (-dis-tingk'- 
shz/n), s. klainan, perhandirgan. 

Contrariwise (-ri-wiz), adv. her- 
mlahan, halek (B.). 

Contrary (-ri), adj. (adverse, of 
•wind) mkal/^ di muka; (in op- 
position ) mnntarg ; ( repugnant. 

opposed to) mlawan, hersalahan^ 

Contrary, s. klainan. On the con- 
trary, bersalalian, berlainan, m- 
lainkan, halek (B.). To the con- 
trary, lain maksud, lain pihak.^' 

Contrast (kon-trasf), v. t. handirg. 

Contrast (kon'trast), s. (state of 
being contrasted) perbandirgan ; 
l( dissimilarity) perbeza'an (Sk.),. 

Contravene (kon'tra-ven'), v. t. 
lawan, larggar, salalri, lalid.^ 

Contravention (-ven'shzm), s. lial 
mlawan, hal miyalalii. 

Contretemps (kox'tr-tax'), s. (un- 
fortunate occurrence) kmalargan; 
(impediment) «?'fl7* (Ar. 'amdl)^ 
gndala (Sk.). 

Contribute (kon-trib'ut), v. t. bri^ 

Contribute, v. i. (give a share) 
bhagi; (assist) bantu, toloty. To- 
contribute to, bawa, datargkan. 

Contribution (kon'tri-bu'shz/n), s. 
bliagian, pertolorgan; (gift) pin- 
brian ; ( subscription ) yuran,'^' 
te'yan (Ch. theh-ien) ; (obli- 
gatory tax for the poor) zakaf^ 
(Ar. zakat). 

Contributor (kon-trib'u-ter), s, 
yarg mmbri, yarg mmbri te\jan\ 
yarg mmbri yuran;* (to a news- 
paper) pjyurat.'^ 

Contrite (kon'trit), adj. bcrtobat, 

Contrition (kon-trish'z/n), s. iau- 
bat, kssalan. 

Contrivance (-triv'ans), s. (ar- 
tifice) upaya (Sk.), daya-npaya,* 
'akal; (device, invention) reka- 

Contrive (-triv'), v. t. upayakan* 

Control (-trol'), s. (that which 
checks) pnahan; (authority) pren^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minMS, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Control, V. t. (clieck, restrain) ta- 
han, pgatg, pcgatg (B.), Molaf 
(regulate, govern) preniahl'an. 

Controversial (kon'tro-ver'slio-l) , 
adj. yarg berhaniah,'^ yaix) bertrg- 

Controversy (-ver-si), s. perban- 
tahan^' pertrg'karan, perdisehan. 

Controvert (-vert), v. t. bantalii,* 
bant all kan,'^' .^enipargkan .* 

Contumacious (kon'tu-ma'slu/s), 
adj. l-ras-kpala, dgiL 

Contumacy (-ma-si), s. dgil. 

Contumely (-me-lij, s. chercha 
(Sk.), nsta (Sk.). 

Contuse (kon-tfiz'j, v. t. (beat to- 
gether) tiimbol-; (bruise, as fruit) 

Contusion (-tu'zh/m), s. (act of 
bruising) lial mnu.raboh; (bruise 
on fruit) inmarf (on tlesh, dis- 
coloured) Ibam. 

Conundrum (ko-nun'dr/mi), s. tka- 
tJii, pnerka.'^ 

Convalescence (kon'va-les'sens), 
s. ksmbolianf^ kpulehan. 

Convalescent (-s^nt), adj. smboli,"^ 
puleh, btalij^ 

Convene (kon-ven'), v. i. berkum- 
pol, berliwipon.^ 

Convene, v. t. kampolkan, hunpofi- 

Convenience (-yens), s. (fitness) 
kpaiutan; (ease) ksnatgan; (con- 
venient time) icaktu laparg. 

Convenient (-yent), adj. (adapted 
to use) patut, layakj* (handy) 
snaiy; (timely, opportune) smpat, 

Convent (kon'vent), s. riimah oraig 
berkhalwat (Ar.) {bagi prem- 
puan), rum ah rah'ib prempuan* 

Convention (kon-ven'sliwn), s. 
(usage) ^adat; (meeting) perkum- 
pohn, majlis; (agreement) per- 

Conventional (-al), adj. (sanction- 
ed by usage) beradat, klaziman 

(Ar.) ; (agreed npon) ijarg di- 

Convergent (-ver'jent), adj, yaiy 
mnuju jmda s-tmpat, sahi tujuan. 

Converge (-verj'), v. i. tuju pada 
s-tmpat, bertmu, bertumpuJ^ 

Conversant (-ver'sant), adj. (in- 
timati'ly associated) perramali, 
berrainaJi-ra nmhan;* (well-inform- 
ed) fa/iK, ahli (Ar.). 

Conversation (kon'ver-sa'sli?m), s. 
( intercou rse ) pe rra m aha n ;* 

t ( si>eech ) pt utora n. pe rch akapan . 

Converse (kon-vers'), v. i. (have in- 
timate intercourse) r a m a h ; * 
(speak) brrchakap, bertutor, ber- 
kata-kala, omorg (X.I.). 

Converse (kon'vers), s. (inter- 
course) perramalian;^ (speech) p- 
tutoran, perchakapan. 

Converse, adj. terbalek. 

Conversely (-li), adj. ganti-her' 

Conversion (k(;n-ver'shwn), s. 
(change) perobahan; (change of 
religion) hal mnibaiva iman (Ar.). 

Convert (-vert'), v. t. (change) 
obah; (turn from one state to an- 
other) balekkan: (change a per- 
son's religion) masokkan agama; 
(excliange) iukar. 

Convert (kon'vert), s. oraig yarg 
mmbawa iman (Ar.), iiiuaJaf 

Convertible (kon-vert'i-bl), adj. 
yatg boleh. di-obahkan, yaig boleh 

Convex (kon'veks), adj. mhgkoig, 
bonjol, bergmbol. 

Convey (kon-va'), v. t. (carry) ba- 
wa; see carry for various methods 
of conveying; (transmit, com- 
municate) baica, dataigkan, saw- 
paikan; (transfer, make over, as 
property) srahlwi, tul-ar nama. 

Conveyance (-ans), s. (act of con- 
veying) hal mmbawa, hal mryam^ 
paikan, qxc; (that which conveys) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, rec6?nt, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror ; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry ; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin thQU. 




pmhawa, pnawharg; (vehicle) A> 
naiJi-an/'' hrcia: (deed of transfer) 
surat ninuhir ncnna. 

Conveyancer (-an-ser), s. loijar 
yaty nwihiiat surat mnulcar nmna. 

Convict (kt>n-vikt'), T. t. (conYmce 
of error) tinplal', saJaMwi; (pro- 
nouiict' a legal sentence) linl-uni' 
Jean, jatohkan linkiim, putiiskan 
liuhiDu, Ualxl-an liiihnm. 

Convict (kon'\-ikt). s. orary salah, 
orarg rantai* oraty jel, orarg tu- 
topan (X.i.), handuan (Hind.) 

Conviction (kMj-yik'shwn), s. (act 
of cojiYincing) hal mnmplah; (act 
of sentencing) hal mrgliiikum'kan, 
hpntusan hul'um; (certainty of 
belief) yahin'^ (At. yaqin), kiniu- 

Convince (-viiis'), y. t. (of error) 
Unplah; (make certain) yakinhan 
(Ar.), tntukan. I was convinced, 
terpal'u-IaJi di-daJam hati-hu. 

Convivial (-viv'i-al), adj. hcrsulca- 
ria,'^' h erramai-ram aian. 

Convocation (kon'vo-ka'sli?An), s. 
peril uripon anf^ perl-umpolan. 

Convoke (kon-vok'), v. t. pargg'd 
herhmipon/^ himponlianj^ hum- 

Convoluted (kon'vo-lil-t^'d), adj. 

Convolution (-lii'sh?/n), s. gidorg- 
tm, hlitan. 

Convoy (kon-voi'), v. t. liantarl-an, 
irirgka?!* hersa'irg drgan.* 

Convoy (kon'voi), s. hal mrghan far- 
Jean, Jial di-haniarl'an ; (fleet or 
insim) aiglcatan/^ IdrgJcapan-* (es- 
cort) pighantar, prgirirg.'^ 

Convulse (kon-vuls'), v. t. (con- 
tract violently, as muscles) 
Jca7i; (shake) goncharg. 

Convulsion (-vul'shi/n), s. (dis- 
ease) saican, pitam; (shaking) 
goncliargan; (tumult) huru^iara. 

Convulsive (-siv), Q.di].tergoncliarg- 


gonrliafg; (of laughter) glaJc- 

glak* glakal: 
Cony (ko'ni), s. Jcucliiig hianda. 
Coo (koo), Y. i. pram,* Jcuhiir.* 
Cook (kook), V. t. masak; (rice) 

tanal'f (by steaming) hnhus; (in 

a double boiler) Irgat/^ tim (Ch.) ; 

see also, boil, fry, etc. 
Cook, s. jui'ii'inasal'* tul-atg mosaic, 

Jnili (E.), chompoJc (Ch. tsorg- 

Cookery (kook'er-i), s. 7/wiw* nia^ 

Cool (kool), adj. (moderately cold) 

sjok, dhgln;'^ (lukewarm) suam/' 

(not hot) I'uraty panas; (self-pos- 
sessed) ttap liaii; (shady) tdoh^ 

Cool, V. t. sjol'kan, dirguikan;'* 

{vdih. a spoon) temhok;* (by 

fanning) hipaskan. To cool the 

head by wetting, herjaram.* 
Coolness (kool'nes), s. sjok, di^ 

Cooly (koo'li), s. (labourer) Jculi; 

(house cooly) tukarg ayer. 
Coop (koop), s. (for poultry) sarg- 

kar ayam, serkap. 
Coop, V. t. (poultry) saiykarkan, 

serkapkan; (confine) pin/it,* ku^ 

Cooper (k5op'er), s. tukary tory. 
Cooperate (ko-op'er-at), v. i. kerja 

hersama-sama, serta'if^ hantu, to- 

Cooperation (-a'shim), s. piriban^ 

tuan, pertoloryan. 
Coot (koot), s. ayam-ayam. 
Cope (kop), V. i. (encounter, meet) 

lerimu: (contend) lawan. 
Coping (kop'ing), s. latu kpala 

Copious (ko'pi-ws), adj. haryak, 

lempali/^ mewali; (of rain) Ihat. 
Copper (kop'per), s. tmhaya; tm- 

haga merah; (vessel) gren3erg^ 

Copper coin, duit tmhaga. 
Copperas (-os), s. trmL* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurrj; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t;jen. 




Copperplate (-plat), s. tnibaga 
yary di-luhis, sural yarg terchap 
deri-pada tmlaga yarg di-lnhk. 

Coppice (kop'pis), s. hlukar. 

Copra (ko'pra), s. ryiur hrity,^ 
klapa I'rby. 

Copse (kops), s. hliikar, gomporg.'^ 

Copulate (kop'u-lat), v. i. hcr- 
stuboh* iersatu, herstidor/' s- 

Copy (kop'i), s. (transcript) tiru- 
anj^' salitmn; (individual book) 
kital), s-buah I'itah; as, two copies, 
dua bvali ; (pattern, model) iu- 
ladan, chontoh : (manuscript to be 
printed) nuskhali (Ar.). 

Copy, V. t. (transcribe) tiru,^ sal in; 
(imitate) turut, ikut. 

Copyist (-ist), s. vniru,* pryalin. 

Copyright (-rit), s. hah* prgararg 
atas Ji'arargan-itja. 

Coquet (ko-kef), v. i. buat-huat 
kaseh, berchiimbu-chiwihitan* 

Coral (korVd), s. kararg. Coral 
reef, kararg; (running out into the 
sea) tajur.* Coral rock, batu, ka- 
rarg. Brandling coral, kararg bii- 
rga. Eed coral, merjan* 'akek 
(Ar.). Soft coral (Alcyonaria), 
burga kararg. 

Corbel (kor'bl), s. batu pnjargga.* 

Cord (kord), s. tali, tali kchil. 
Umbilical cord, tali pusat. Cord 
for pegtop, tali alii* tali gasirg 

Cord, V. t. ikat, kbat* 

Cordage (kord'ej) s. (Xaut.) tali' 

Cordial (kor'di-d or kor'jal), s. 
bararg yarg mnjuk^kan hati; 
(liqueur) so pi* manis (D. zoopje 
= sip, dram). 

Cordial, adj. (hearty) digari surg- 
goh hati; (sincere) tulus; (tend- 
ing to cheer) yarg mnjukakan hati. 

Cordiality (kor'di-ari-ti), s. surg- 
goh hati, ktidusan. 

Cordon (kor'don), s. (badge of 

honour) pita kbsaran; (line of 
sentries) bar is pigawal,* ban jar 
Corduroy (kor'du-roi), s. kain blu- 

du berlurali* 
Core (kor), s. (inner part) hati, 

wnipuliir;'^' (if hard, as wood) 

tra-s;* (of a boil) punat; (essence,. 

important part) pati; (of a 

mould) hati achiian. 
Coriander (ko'ri-an'der), s. ktnm- 

Cork (kork), s. galnis (properly 

from the roots of the pidai tree) ;. 

(stopper); sumbat, pryunibat, p- 

njumpil (Jay.). 
Cork, V. t. sumbat, sumpil* rya^ 

Corkscrew (kork'skro5), s. pnarek 

sumbat,* pmbuka boiol, skrup- 

botol (B.). 
Cormorant (kor'mu-rrtnt), s. itek 

Corn (korn), s. (on the toes) blu^ 

laig jari kaki,* mata ikan; (on 

the sole) hiihul.* 
Corn, s. (a single seed) hiji, butir;* 

(cereals in general) biji-bijian. 

In America com is restricted to 

maize = jag org. 
Corn, V. t. (salt, as meat) -mrgr- 

garam, tar oh asin (B.). 
Cornelian (kor-ne'li-an), s. 'akek 

me rah (Ar.). 
Corner (kor'ner), s. (angle) pn- 

juru, huchu,* siku; (of a cloth) 

puncha; (of a mat) sudut;* (of 

the eye, outer) ekor; (inner) po- 

hon;* (of the earth) hujorg; (a 

nook) chrok, sudut.* Corner 

stone, batu pnjuru. 
Corner, v. t. ssakkwi. 
Cornet (kor'net), s. trompet, slom^ 

pret (N.L). 
Cornfield (korn'feld), s. ladarg, bn^ 

daiy;* (irrigated) sawah. 
Cornice (kor'nis), s. birai.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Cornucopia (kor'mi-kr/pi-a), s. 
I an dole 'alaniat kmeirahan. 

Corollary (kor'ol-la-ri), s. tiirut- 
an/^ bara?rj yarg di-shahl'an. 

Coronation (kor'o-iiri'slj//n), s. h- 
niah'olaan (Sk.). 

Coronet (kor'o-D^d). s. mahoia'^ 
orarg hatgmiran kiln den-pada 
raja, Dtal-oia kcMl (Sk.). 

Corporal ( kor'po-ral ) , s. I'opral 
(E.). Lance corporal, las hopral. 

Corporal, adj. (bodily) hadan (a), 
iuboli'^ (a), deri-hal tubohr^ (ma- 
terial, as o])posefl to immaterial) 
bernjaim; (as disposed to spiritual) 

Corporate (-ret), adj. (iucorpor- 
aied) berlmbaga'^ digati^ prentah 
It- raj a' an." (united, general) ber- 
xtuju, bcrsama'an. 

Corporation (-ra'slu/n), s. sidatg 
l/arg berlmbaga/^ majlis yaig ber- 

Corporeal (kor-por'i-al), adj. ber- 
Imbaga,,^" benyawa; see corpokal. 

Corps (kor, pi. korz), s. (of troops) 

Corpse (korps), s. (hmnan) niayat, 
nrarg nial'i, jnazali (Ar.). 

Corpulence (kor'pn-jcus), s. gmolc, 
l-gino¥an, prot bunch it. 

Corpuscle (kor'pus-sl) , s. petah 
yarg haliis dalam darah dan s- 
bagai-tya, dzarmt (Ar.). 

Corral (kor-ral'), s. kandarg, pagar. 

Correct (kor-rekf), adj. btul_, bnar, 
sail, sahili^ (Ar. saiim). 

Correct, v. t. (make right) btulhan, 
bailchi,, salikan; (discipline) ajar, 
ajari;^ (by. advice or warning) 
patahf^ (connteract, as by medi- 
cine) tawar. 

Correction (-rek'slrwn), s. (act of 
correcting) lial mmMidkan, etc., as 
above;' (emendation) hbtulan, salt; 
(punishment) pigajaran, scksa. 

Corrective (-tiv), adj. yarg mm- 
btidlian, yarg nimbaikM. 

Correctness (-rekt'nes), s. JMuIart^ 

Correspond (kor're-spond'), v. i. 
(Ix* like, coincide) bersama'an, ber- 
jmtufan, samafi, jadi s-rujm; 
(agree) berstnju; (by letters) ba- 
la-^-mrnbalas snraf. 

Correspondence (-^ns), s. (con- 
grnity) persama'an; (agreement) 
perstujiian; (by letters) hal balas- 
mmbalas surat. 

Correspondent (-^nt), s. piyuraf, 
pmhrifa/^ mukatih (Ar.). 

Correspondent, adj. bersama'an, 
bcrpafufan. s-rupa, berstuju. 

Corresponding (-ing), adj. ber- 
stujnan; (of vrords or sounds) 
sama buiyi; (of form) sania rupa; 
(of nature) sama jnis; etc. Cor- 
resix>nding with, mnasahali d?gan 
(Ar.), berbtulan dtgan."^ 

Corridor (kor'ri-dor), s. loroig da- 
lam rinnali. 

Corroborate (kor-rob'o-rat), v. t. 
(make certain) tntuhan; (make 
strong) I'liatkan; (establish as 
true) yakan* swrggolikan, bnar- 

Corroboration (-ra'shwn), s. k- 
Inhian, khnaran, ksurggolian. 

Corrigible (kor'ri-ji-bij, adj. yarg 
boleh di-baikki, yarg boJeh di-btvl- 

Corrode (kor-rod'), v. t. (eat 
away) makan; (rust) bri ber- 
karat: (consume) liahiskan, rosak- 

Corrode, v. i. berkaraf. 

Corrosion (-ro'zlwn), s. kmakan- 
an/^^ karat. 

Corrosive (-siv), adj. yarg in- 
niakan, i/atg mmbri berkarat. 
( 'orrosive acid, ayer api. 

Corrugated (kor'ru-gat-ed), adj. 
beralur-alur* berlurah.* Corru- 
gated iron, zerg (E.), zhg (E.), 
I \ mall sari. 

Corrupt (kor-rupf), v. t. (make 

vate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minwa, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




putrid) hri husol-; (vitiate, de- 
base) roscMan; (by bribery) hri 
snap, 'mas'if (falsify) lanchorrj' 
I' an.* 

Corrupt, adj. (putrid) husol-; 
(spoiled, debased) rosal', hiiiasa; 
(depraved) I'ji* 

Corruptible (-i-bl), adj. yarg holeh 
mnjadi husol', j/arg holeh hinasa, 
fana* (Ar. fand'). 

Corruption (-rup'sli//n), s. (act of 
corrupting) lial mmhinasakan, hal 
mrosakl^an, lidl mmhri snap; (state 
of being corrupt) hal mnjadi hu- 
so'k, hrosaVan, I'l-jian/^ hal mma- 
I'an snap, see coerupt. 

Corsair (kor'sar), s. prompah, la- 

Corset (-set), s. lutarg* (Jav.), 
choli (Hind.). 

Cortege (kor-tfizli'), s. perarakan. 

Coruscate (kor'us-kat), v. i. her- 

Cosmetics (koz-niet'iks), s. pi. 
urap-iirapan;* substances used as 
cosmetics are: — hdal^, pupor* ho- 
reh* To use cosmetics^ herlidak, 
h er pupor * 

Cosmic (koz'mik), adj. deri-hal s- 
kiian 'alam* ^alam* (a). * 

Cosmology (koz-nioro-ji), s. ///m// 
Icjadian sl'lian 'alam.* 

Cosmopolitan (koz'nio-pori-t«n), 
adj. sluroh dunla (a), yanj tiada 
mlhelikan satu negri deri-pada yarg 

Cosmos (koz'nios), s. s-gnap 'alam. 

Cost (kawst or kost) , v. i. (require 
an expenditure) daiaighan^ blanja; 
(cause a loss) hawa rugi, shahtwi 


To cost one's life, shahl'an 

mati.* It costs $10, herga-nja s- 
puloh rirggif. It cost me $10, 
sahya sudah hli s-puloh rirggit. 
Cost, s. (amount charged or paid) 
herga; (expense) hlanja, orgl'os 
(X.I.) (D. onl'osten) ; (loss, 
detriment) rugi. It will not re- 

pay the cost, tiada pularg modal. 

Cost price, herga hli. 
Costive (kos'tiv), adj. I'urarg jalan^ 

l-urarg lawas, smhlii. 
Costiveness (-nes), s. smhlit. 
Costly (kawst'li or kostTi), adv. (of 

great cost) hsar herga-nja; (ex- 
pensive) mahal; (precious) indah. 
Costume (kos'tiim or kos-tum'), s. 

palxiian. A complete costume,. 

prargg u* persalinan.* 
Cosy (ko'zi), adj. (sheltered) tdoh; 

(convenient) snarg. 
Cot (kot), s. (hut) pondoh, iratakf' 

(bed) tmpai tidor I'chil, 
Cottage (kot'tej), s. rumah I'cMl. 
Cotter (-ter), s. (wedge) haji.* 
Cotton (-tn), s. (cultivated, from 

Gossypium herbaceum) hapas; 

(from Eriodendron anfractuosum) 

kapoh; (from Trevesia sundaica) 

hahu-kahu;* (cloth) hain kapas; 

(unbleached) kain hlachu, Icain 

mnfah;* (prints) kain chit, kain 

chita; (thread) hnarg, hnanj ka^ 

/MS. Cotton wool, kapas. 
Couch (kowch), s. (bed) tmpat ti^ 

dor, katil* ranjarg, qta (Sk.), 

kaus* (E.). 
Couch. V. i. (lie concealed) hndap^ 

'ndap, migndap (B.). 
Cough (kof), s. hatok; (as a sign) 

daham. A\'hooping cough, hatoJc 

rjan* hatok llah, hatok sisek* 
Cough. V. i. hatok, herdaham. To 

cough up phlegm, kaliak. 
Could (kood), v.i. holeh, dapat,* 

smpat: see able. 
Coulter (kol'ter), s. nayam.* 
Council (kown'sil), s. (assembly) 

majlis, mashuarat (Ar.), ijnia 

(Ar.) ; (act of deliberating) hi- 

chara, mashuarat (Ar.). 
Councillor (-ler), s. sidaiy majlis. 

ahli mashuarat (Ar.) 
Counsel (-sel), v. t. hicharakan, na- 

sihatkan,* hri nasiliat.* 
Counsel, s. (consultation) hichara; 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

udrror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fdorl, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tJiQU. 




(advice.) iia^sihat,^ hichavd, sliur 
(Ar.) ; (purpose, design) ka- 
kandak, rnaksnd; (secret purpose) 
rahsia; (legal adviser) pmhichara, 
pnolotg b'uihava, pguanij^ To keep 
counsel, suapan ralma. To take 
counsel, herhichara, herrundirfj* 
berrondoy (B.). 

Counsellor (-ler), s. pmUcliara. 

Count (kownc), s. (reckoning) hi- 
lanjan, hitorgan; (charge, allega- 
tion) tudohan* d'awaan. 

Count, V. t. (enumerate) hilatg, hi- 
torg, kira, reken (X.I.) (t).), hi- 
sab* (Ar. nl^ab) ; (impute, as- 
cribe) bilargkan; (esteem, reck- 
on) bilaigkan, kirakan. To count 
on, Jiarap. It does not connt (in 
games), taachi* tapakai (B.). 

Count, s. /Mirgkat oraig baigsawan di 
Eropak = EAKL, q. v. 

Countenance (kown'te-nans), s. 
(appearance) riipa muka; (face, 
features) muka, paras,* wajah 
(Ar.), durja (Sk.). Out of coun- 
tenance, te rsipu-sipu. 

Countenance, v. t. (approve, fa- 
vour) bnarkan, perknaniwi; (aid) 
bantu, tolorg. 

Counter (-ter), s. (one who counts) 
pmbUarg; (in games) pi (Ch.). 

Counter, adj. (opposite) berhadap- 
an, yaig bertntarg; (adverse) yarg 

Counteract (kown'ter-akf), v. t. 
(act in opposition) la wan; (hin- 
der) tgah, rintarg;* (neutralise, 
by charms or medicine) tawar, ta- 

Countercharm (-charm), s. pia- 

Counterbalance (-bal'ans), v. t. 
samakan brat, balas timhaigan, per- 

Counterfeit (-fit), v. t. (imitate) 
tiru* srupakan, samakan; (forge) 
lanch rgkan,* palsukan. 

Counterfeit, adj. (by imitation) 

tiruan;* (feigned) pura-piira; 
(forged) lanchorg,* palm (Tort.). 
Counterfeit coin, watg pals a j ivarg 

Counterfoil (-foil), s. kratan rasit 
atau chek yarg iirggal di buku. 

Counterirriitant (-ir'ri-tant), s. 
(fomentation) tirnfn. 

Countermand (-mand'), v. t. bafal- 
kail liukum, batalkan psan. 

Countermine (-min'), v. t. (fig.) 
batalkan digan smburyi, law an 

Counterpane (-pan), s. chadar 
(Hind.), spre (NJ.) (D. sprei). 

Counterpart (-part), s. saiyia. 

Cpunterpoise (-poiz), s. timbalan* 
la counterpoise, beriinibalan* 

Countersign (-sin), v. t. (endorse) 
inndimkan landa targan. 

Countersign, s. (signature) tanda 
targan yaig kdua; (watchword) 
sm boyan * ralisia. 

Countervail (-vaF), v. t. timbal.^ 

Countinghouse (kownt'ing-hows) , 
^.opis {E.),kantor (D.) (N".!) 

Countless (-les), adj. tiada ter- 
bilarg, tiada tpermana'i,* tiada ter- 
Imahkan (Ar.). 

Country (kun'tri), s. (region, very 
large) bnua;* (smaller) negri, ta- 
nah; (rural region) dustinj* (in- 
habitants, the public) isi negri. 

Country, adj. (rural) dusun; (rus- 
tic, unpolished) ulu, hutan. 

Countryman (-man), s. (compa- 
triot) oraig s-negri; (a rustic) 
orarg dusun,* orarg bukit. 

County (kown'ti), s. da'irdh (Ar.), 
jajahan,* desa (N.I.). 

Couple (kup'l), s. (two of the same 
kind) pasatg, jodoh; (married per- 
sons) klarimij* (if united or con- 
tiguous) bandorg;* (as two widths 
of a saroig) kampoh.* 

Couple V. t. (tie) tambat; (join) 
huhotg, jodohkan, samborg; (as 
railway carriages) kait. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Couplet (kup'Ict), s. slol-a/-^ pan- 

Coupling (-ling), s. samlorgan, hu- 

Coupon (koo'pon or koo'poN), s. 
tel^et (E.), Icardiis (N.I.) (I). 

Courage (kiir'ej), s. hmni liati, Ic- 

Courageous (kiir-ri'ji/s), adj. hrani, 
perl'asa (Sk.), gagali. 

Courier (koo'ri-er) s. pnjuroli, su- 

Course (kors), s. (progress) per- 
jalanan, pJafjeran; (path travers- 
ed) jalan; (direction of motion) 
tujuan; (if straight) Igatf (pro- 
<;edure,behaYiour) laku* klakuan; 
(series of actions) gilirj* (part of 
a meal) mjian, Mdargan.f' (layer 
of masonry) susun, tindan/^' (pi. 
the menses) datarg hulan, liedl^ 
(Ar. haidl). In course, herturut- 
furut, hergilir-gUir* Of course, 
tntu, nschaya (Sk.), psti, pasti 
(B.), memarg. 

Course, v. t. huru. 

Course, v. i. lari. 

Court (kort), s. (yard) halantan, 
kompann (E.) ; (palace) istana; 
(retinue of king) ora/y dalam;* (of 
justice) tmpat hichara, mahkamah 
(Ar.), kot (E.) ; (judicial assem- 
bly), majlis hichara; (a judge) ha- 
kim. Supreme court or high court, 
mahkamah hsar* kot hsar, kantor 
Isar (X.I.). 

Court, V. t. (seek to gain favour) 
amhil hati; (woo) chiinibuf' (seek 
to obtain) chan. 

Courteous (ker'ti-Ms), adj. her- 
hhasa, hemdah (Ar.). 

Courtesan (ker'te-zan), s. sandal, 
prempuan jahat, prempnan jalaig, 
lonteh (N.I.). 

Courtesy (-si), s. hhasa, adab 
(Ar.). . 

Courtesy (kert'si), v. i. rndalikan 
diri mmhri hormat. 

Courtier (kort'yer), s. oraig dalam. 

Courtly (-li), adj. berbhasa, chara 

Court-martial (kort'mar'shal), s. 
majlis bichara bagi soldado. 

Courtship (-ship), s. chumbu-chiim- 

Court-yard (-3'^ard'), s. halaman, 
kompaiin (E.). 

Cousin (kuz'n), s. saudara. First 
cousin, saudara s-pupu. Second 
cousin, saudara dua pupu. 

Cove (kov), s, flok kchil, suah^^ 

Covenant (kuv'e-nant), s. perjanji- 
an, waad (Ar.). The covenant of 
marriage, 'al'ad nikah (Ar.). 

Covenant, v. i. berjanji, ber'akad 
(Ar.), herwaad (Ar.). 

Cover (kuv'er), V. t. (gen.) tutop: 
(with a cover or cloth) tudon/; 
(with a hollow vessel) suvgkop, 
serkop; (with something flat) t- 
kap; (overlay) salut/' turap;"^ 
(wrap) balut, sampulj^ ulas;* 
(with clouds or dew) saputj* (with 
mats or cloth) bokot;* (with a 
blanket) sli^nutkan; (completely) 
sluborg, kluboig* Utop;* (with 
water or light) liput;* (conceal) 
smbunjikan; (protect) lindoTg. 

Cover, s. tutop, tudoig, balut, sam- 
pul.'^ See above. 

Covering (-ing), s. tutop, tudoiy, 

Coverlet (-let), s. slimut, chadar 

Covert (kuv'ert), adj. suUt,* ber- 
smbunji, glap, samar,^ bersamar.'^ 

Covet (-et), v. t. (desire earnestly) 
berkahandak, itgin, rindu; (in a 
bad sense) tarn' a* (Ar. Tam'a), 
tmahak (B.), loba.* 

Covetous (-us), adj. tam^a (Ar.), 
tmahak (B.), loba.^ 

Covetousness (-nes), s. tam^a 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 
, mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 
hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




(Ar.), ttnaJiah (B.), loha* l'- 
'ityinan, dhagi.^ 

Covey (kuv'i), s. piyraman, prin- 

Cow (kow), s. Imhu htma. 

Cow, V. t. bri takot, takoti* bachoU 
kan^' hati, kchilkan hati. 

Coward (kow'erd), s. pnakoi, ba- 

Cowardice (-is), s. ktahotan, h- 

Cowardly (-li), adj. pnalcot, ba- 

Cower (kow'er), V. i. (crouch) tun- 
dok, 'ndap, hndap, miyndap (B.) ; 
(quail) bachol* 

Cowherd (-herd), s. gombala Imbu. 

Cowl (kowl), s. tudorg hpala pcida 
baju Mlawar;'^ (of a chimney) tu- 
dorg choroig, tudorg smprorg,* 
V^entilating cowl, pnarggoJc anjin.* 

Cowrie (kow'ri), s. bia* 

Coxcomb (koks'kom), s. (dandy) 
psolek,* orarg antunj* orarg ber- 
solek (B.). 

Coxswain (koks'n), s. srarg, juru- 
mudi, tekorg (Ch. tdi-koig). 

Coy (koi), adj. mahi, tersipu-sipu. 

Cozen (kuz'n), v. t. tipu, perdaya- 
kan* kichu.* 

Cozy (ko'zi), adj. (sheltered) tdoh; 
( comfortable ) snarg. 

Crab (krab), s. ktam, kpitirg. 
King crab, blargkas. Hermit crab, 
wnaig-umarg.'^ Land crab, hudarg 

Crabbed (krab 'bed), adj. prrgits.* 

Crack (krak), v. i. (burst open) 
blah, rkah, merkah; (break with- 
out separating) rtak; (make a 
sharp sound) rak,* rap, krtok,* 
krpak, krpokj (as a whip) berdtas. 
see CRACK, s. 

Crack, v. t. blah, blalikan, clikali,'^-' 
rkahkan-,'* merkahkan, rtakkan. 

Crack, s. (fissure) chlah, chJak 
(B.) ; (split) blah, rkah; (with- 
out opening) rtak; (the sound) 

rap, rak,* drap,"^ krap,^' Ikap,^' 

Hop, srak-srek* Uus. 
Cracked (kriikt), adj. (crazy) 

kpala argin, s-trgah tiaig/'' ksasar- 

Cracker (krak'er), s. (fireworks) 

ptas, merchwi; (biscuit) biskut 

(E.), roti kaUrg (X.I.). 
Crackle (-kl), v. i. krtak-krtek, k- 

Cradle (kra'dl), s. buai/^ buaian,'^ 

bo-bue (B.), ayuuan;'^ (with up 

and down motion) baai befnjutf 

(of a sarong) dondarg, bo-bue kain 

(B.) ; (hung from the roof) ^/z- 

dul;* (place of origin) tinpat asal. 
Craft (kraft), s. (skill) kpandaiafi; 

(manual art) utas,"^' pertukargan, 

pnclianan; (cunning) cherdek, 

'akal; (Naut.) prahu, kapaJ. 
Craftsman (krafts'man), s. iukarg, 

lit as/'' 
Crafty (kraft'i), s. cherdek, panjaig 

Crag (krag), s. bat a bmr yarg ter- 

jojol di atas gunotg. 
Cram (kram), v. t. (force in) asak, 

padatf' (fill with food) knryarg- 

kan; (force food into a child's 

mouth) jjalkan.'* 
Cramp (lafimp), s. (clamp) pnchrg- 

kam,* prgapit; (of the muscles) 

kantu,* simpol brgkaroig;"^ (of the 

Btomach) snak, mulas prot, rigat/' 
Cramp, v. t. (confine, contract) 5- 

sakkan: (restrain) tahankan; 

(hold with a cramjo) apit,* chrg- 

Crane (kran), s. (the bird) buroig 

klahu,* burorg jnjatg;* (machine) 

tombak sagarg^' 
Crane, v. t. (stretch out, as the 

neck) jnjargkan/^ hulor. 
Cranium (kra'ni-?/m), s. trgkorak, 

batu kpala, tmpurotg, jmala (Sk.). 
Crank (krangk), s. pmutar, ergkol 

Crank, adj. (Xaut.) olerg. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injur% 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Cranny (kran'ni), s. clilali, cliroh. 

Crash (krash), y. i. (sound of ex- 
plosion) dntani, dntom; (of falling 
house) (jinnfanij* (of weapons) 
ijmrencheiyf' (of dishes) krarg- 
krorg;* (of falling tree) herpakj 
(of loud thunder or voice) ptir, 

Crash, s. (sound) see above; (ruin) 

Irom h'a n, Mnnasa'a n. 
Crate (krai), s. (large basket) Jcran- 

jarg ; (protective framework) sa- 

Crater (kra'ier), s. kairali gunoiy 

Craunch (krawnch), v. t. kerJcap- 

Cravat (kra-vat'), s. tali leliir, dasi 

(X.I.) (1). dasje). 
Crave (krav), v. t. pohonkan,^ mbu 

fa sargat; (long iov)rindu, irginj 

(of pregnant women) idam,* mrg- 

Idam (B.). 
Craven (kra'vn), adj. pnakot, ha- 

Craving (krav'ing), s. k'hg'man; 

(for opiiun^ alcohol, etc.), ktageh. 
i Crawl (krawl), v. i. (of animals) 

mlar/^ myap, mmyap (B.), lata; 

(as children, on all fom's) raiy- 

leak: (as a mass of maggots) ger- 

lit lit. 
Crayfish (kra'lish), s. udarg ka- 

raigf^ inidatg gtak* 
Crayon (kra'wn), s. kapiir hlanda 

Craze (kraz), v. t. h'dargkan 'akal, 

Craze, s. (infatuation) cliondoig 

liati, kahandak, slap* 
■ Crazy (kra'zi), adj. (weak, shaky) 

Ihnrok; (demented) kpala atgin, 
gil<i hhasa/^ iigatan ta'ttap,, s- 
tigah tiaigj* (infatuated) slap* 
Creak (krek), v. i. herkiut"', kiaiy- 
kiuV\ kenyat-kenyui;'* (of oars). 
Cream (krem), s. kpala susu. 

Crease (kres), s. (wrinkle) knit, 
(in the skin) ktak* rtak; (mark 

of fold) hkas lipat. 
Crease, v. t. krutkan, kdutkan; 

(crumple) gumalkan.'^ 
Create (kre-af), v. t. jadikan, ada- 

Creation (kre-fi'sh/m), s. kjadian; 

(created things) makJilok (At.), 
Creative (-tiv), adj. yatg tahu mrg- 

adakan* yaig holeh mn jadikan. 
Creator (-ter), s. pnjadi/^ yarg mn- 

jadikan, khalik (Ar.). 
Creature (kre'chur), s. makhlok 

(Ar.), khalayak (Ar.). A poor 

creature (spoken in pity) lianiba 

Credence (kre'd<?ns), s. percliaya, 

Credentials (kre-den'shalz), s. pL 

surat kryata'an, siwat khnaran, su- 

rat ktratgan. 
Credible (kred'i-bl), adj. kper- 

rhaya'afi, ydrg hoi eh di-perchaya. 
Credit (-it), s. (trust, confidence) 

percliaya, harap; (merit) jasa 

(Sk.), pahaJa; (in commerce) 

Credit, v. t. (believe, trust) harap, 

percliaya; (in bookkeeping) tolah 

hufarg, potorg hiitarg, piutargkan.* 
Creditable (-a-bl), adj. (praise- 
worthy) yarg terpuji; (bringing 

credit) yatg mmbri jam (Sk.) ; 

(honorable) kahormatan, yarg pa- 
tut di-honnati. 
Creditor (-er), s. oraig berpiutaig.'^ 
Credulity (kre-du'li-ti), s. percliaya 

yatg hukan-bukan. 
Credulous (kred'u-l?/s), adj. yaig 

Ikas perchaya. 
Creed (kred), s. (confession of 

faith) ptyakuan imati (Ar.), sha- 

Jiadat (Ar.) ; (faith, religion) 

iman (Ar.), agama. 
Creek (krek), s. tlok, suak^* anak 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, rece'nt, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

Biirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minMB, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awf-^1) ; law, how, oil; thin tliftn. 




Creep (krep), v. i. (of animab) ra- 
yap, mrayap (B.), lata; (as 
snakes) jalarf (as lizards) mm" 
hiawak; (as children, on all fours) 
raiylcak; (move slowly) ralcap;"^ 
(stealthily, as a tiger) jlanak;* 
(as plants or vines) jalar,^ Tayap, 
lata, lilii. 

Creeper (krep'er), s. (plant) ahar, 
tanaman yarg mnjalar. 

Creepiness (-i-nes), s. t^ram, smut- 
sniutan, gli-gman/^ gli-gmam 

Creese (kres), s. A-m.* 

Cremate (kre-maf), y. t. halw ma- 

Cremation (-ma'slmn), s. hal mm- 
hakar may at. 

Creosote (kre'o-sot), s. pati miryah 

Crepe (krap), s. Min stra herhdut; 
(Japanese) kain Jpiin; (Chinese) 
jo'se^' (Ch. jiau^-se). 

Crescent (kres'sent), s. hgkoigan'^ 
bulan. The Star and Crescent, 
bulan hi?itarg. 

Cress (kres), s. water-cress, smarg- 
gi* skti* 

Crest (krest), s. (tuft) jamhul; 
(artificial) tajok;^ (of feathers, 
erectile) clintoig;* (comb of a 
cock) halorg,^ je'^gger (Jav.), jirg- 
get (B.) ; (summit of a hill) 
merchu* Tcmimcliak; (heraldic) 
'alamat orarg hargsauwi.'^^ 

Crestfallen (krest'fawl'en), adj. 
sndu,^ hacliol^" 

Crevice (krev'is), s. chlah, chlak 

Crew (kroo), s. (assemblage) hum- 
polan orarg; (of a ship) mcah* 
prahu, anak praliu, 

.Crib (krib), s. (manger) palorgan/^ 
lawak4awak;* (child's bed) tmpat 
iidor hchil. 

Crib, V. t. (confine) kurorg; 
(cramp) smpitkan, asakkan; (pil- 
fer) choket.^ 

Crick (krik), s. kantu* simpol Irg- 

Cricket (krik'et), s. (the insect) 
ch)gkadok; (the game) main kri- 

Crier (krfer), s. pryru,'^ tukarg triah 

Crime (krim), s. (violation of law) 
dom, ksalahan; (iniquity) kjakat- 

Criminal (krim'i-nal), s. orarg sa- 
I ah. 

Criminal, adj. (guilty of crime) 
berdosa; (relating to crime) deri- 
Ml dosa, jnayah (Ar.). 

Crimp (krimp), v. t. (make wavy) 
ikalkan;* (entrap, as sailors oi 
coolies) chari klasi atau huli drgan 
tipu, larikan kidi. 

Crimson (krim'zn), adj. kirmizx 
(Ar.) ; (of the face) merah pa- 

Cringe (krinj), v. i. tundokkan dirij 
(abase one's self) rndahkan diri. 

Crinkle (kring'kl), v. i. (in twists) 
berblit; (in wrinkles) herkdut, 

Cripple (krip'pl), s. (lame) orarg 
temparg; (manned) orarg kodorg, 
orarg kudoiy (B.). 

Cripple, V. t. (maim) kodoigkan, 
(weaken) Imahkan. 

Crisis (kri'sis), s. (in disease oi 
danger) kmlut;* (decisive mo- 
ment) sa'at yarg smpurna.* 

Crisp (krisp), adj. (curly) kritirg, 
(of cooked food) garirg, rargup, 
kersai* pidan.* 

Crisp, V. t. kritirgkan, garirgkan, 
as above. 

Crisscross (kris'kros), adv. lintarg- 
piikarg, sUarg-mri/ilarg. 

Criterion (kri-ter'i-wn), s. (esta- 
blished rule) kanun (Ar.) ; (mea- 
sure, standard) kadar (Ar.). 

Critic (krit'ik), s. (reviewer) pry- 
lidek* prgcham;* (one who cen- 
sures) pnclila. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, ben, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, firOj 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 
hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thiu then. 




Critical (krit'i-kal), adj. (able to 

judge) yairj taliu hezakan (Sk.); 

(careful in judgment) pandai mfy- 

lideh;* (fault finding) pnchla; 

(at a crisis) pada sa'at* yang sm- 

puma; (in disease) pada kmlut;* 

(dangerous) berhahya. 
Criticize (-siz), v. t. (examine as a 

critic) chaml'an; (find fault 

with) cMa. 
Criticism (-sizm), s. ptychaman/^' 

kchlaian; as above. 
Critique (kri-tek'), s. piychaman.^ 
Croak (krok), v. i. (as frogs) 

krok;* (grumble) bersuiyut, ro- 

Croaker (krok'er), s. orarg ber- 

Crochet (kro-sha'), s. kaitan. 

Crockery (krok'er-i), s. (glazed) 
phyyati-'maryl'oJc; (unglazed) p- 
riok-blaiya; (broken) tmbel'arj^ 

Crocodile (-o-dil), s. buaya. Cro- 
codile toars, mnaiyis piim-pura. 

Crone (kron), s. orary tua (prem- 

Crony (kro'ni), s. liandai,^ sahahat 
yaty rapaf, sobat-ande (B.). 

Crook (krook), s. (curve, hook) 
kalol',^ piyait; (rod with hook at 
the end) yatichu; (for driving 
elephants) chaiyhok/^ kma (Sk.) ; 
(an artifice, trick) 'akal. 

Crook, v. i. berkalok.* 

Crooked (krookVd), adj. (not 
straight) bctykok, end ; (of a 
•sarong) penchoiy.^ Crooked busi- 
ness, kerja tipu. 

Croon (kroon), v. i. kidoty/-' mty- 

Crop (krop), s. (of a bird) tm- 
bolok; (of grain) perliuma'an/^ 
pnuaian;"^ (of fruit) ptek'an biiaJi, 

Crop, V. t. (cut the ends oft') paiy- 

. kas;"^ (browse) yaiyyut;'^ (the 
hair as punishment) ray as. 

Croquette (kro-kef), s. katlit (E.), 

braaadel (J), frikkadel) (N.I.). 
Cross (kros), s. (gibbet) kayu ber- 

palaty,* pndpaiy* salib* (At. 

f^alib): (the sign) paiykah ; 

(badge) bintary. 
Cross, adj. (transverse) lintaiy, si- 
la ty; (ill-tem])ered) marali, mra- 

danj, rajok, mmjok (B.), rtyus,"^ 

jauli hati* krhil hati. 
Cross, V. t. (la}' athwart) lintaiy- 

kan; (traverse) Jahd* linias; 

(pass over a road or river) sbraiy; 

(thwart^ lintaryij^ To cross out, 

patykak^ paraiykan;^ bimoh. To 

cross the arms, plok luboh* plok 

taiyan (B.) ; (behind the back) 

srykUiy/^ To cross the feet, sry- 

kliry kaki/' kiau-ka (B.) (Ch. 

khmu-kha) . 
Cross, V. i. (lie athwart) liniary, 

silary; (pass over) sbrary, miy- 

Crossbar (kros'bar), s. srykaty, 

kayu palaiy;^ kayu llntary, kayu 

Crossbow (-bo), s. terbil/'' 
Crossbreed (-bred), s. baka elf am- 

puran, batysa cfiampuran. 
Crosscut (-kut), s. (short road) 

jalan pintas,'^ jaJan pendek (B.). 

Crosscut saw, geryaji balak. 
Cross-examine (-egz-am'in), v. t. 

bersual-sual, slidek dtyan sual* 

Cross-eyed (Id), adj. mata juliry, 

(sliglitly) juliiy-julity ayer. 
Crossj^rained (-grand), adj. (of 

wood) urat mlintary; (of tempei') 

prus/^ pnyusJ^ 
Crossing; (-ing), s. (going over) lial 

mnjbrarg : (intersection) srykaiy 

autpat; (cross roads) sempary am- 

Crossing-sweeper (-swep-er), s. 

oraiy yaiy niryapu jalan. 
Crosslegged (-legd), adj. bersih. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minims, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Crosspiece (-pes.), s. palarg,'^' srg- 

luig, kaiiu littfajy. 
Cross-purpose (-per'p?^s). s. At 

cross-purposes, berlainan mahsud. 
Cross-question (-kwes'chmi), v. i. 

bersual-sual/-' sli(fel' clrgan suah"^ 

Cross-road (-rod), s. jalan sem- 

pargan, semparg ampat. 
Cross-stitch (-stich). s. jaliitan iu- 

latg hhit/^ 
Crosstrees (-trez), s. (N"aiit.) du- 

la nj-duJarg, ioperg-toperg. 
Crossways (-waz). s. semparg. 
Crosswise (-wiz), s. linimg; (over 

the shoulder) shmparg, sleparg. 
Crotch (kroch). s. chlah; (between 

the legs) chlali I'argl'aig/^ chlah 

I'hgkmg; (at tlie end of a post) 

Crotchet (krocliVt). s. iergkaliy m- 

Crotchet3' (-1), adj. hcrtergkah, 

dire wet, hatyak ragam. 
Croton (kro't^/n). s, pudity,^' adal- 

Crouch (kroweh), v. i. herdkam* 

'fidap, hndap, mrgndap (B.) ; (ser- 
vilely) surgkor^' 
Croup (kroop). s. (hindpart of 

horses) pinggory; (Med.) pryakit 

buloh-h uloh/'^ dorgkol-dorgkolJ' 
Crow (kro), v. i. (as a cock) her- 

kokok : (as a liaby) aynh,'^ mrg- 

agah (B.). 
Crow, s. (the bird) hvrorg gagak, 

bur org ditdatg:* (of a cock) ko- 

kok : (of a babv) agali,"^^ mryagali 

Crowbar (kro'bar), s. alahargka 

(Port.), pnnil. pncliorykil, pra- 

Crowd (kro\rd). s. kumpolan. per- 

kurnpoJa)i, orarg ramai, orarg ha- 

tyak; (group of ])ersons) klompok, 

puak; (crush) ksmVa^i. 
Crowd, V. i. (press together, throng) 

berkumpol, herkrumun; (press 

forward) berduyimf^ (stand in a 
crowd) bertbai^' 
Crowd, V. t. (press, push) asak; 
(press together) mampat: (hll by • 
thronging) ssakkaiK 
Crowded (krowdVd), adj. pnult 

Crown (krown), s. (royal headdress) 
inakota (Sk.) : (topmost part) 
p un ch ak, km u ncli ak, mei'chu;*' 
(of tlie head) vhun-ubiin* jmala 
(^Sk.). Cro\m land, tanah k- 
I raja' an, ianali kompui. Crown 
I prince, raja mnda, iurgku hsar, 
j iurgku rnakoia (Sk.). 
I Crown, V. t. (kings) laniek/^ ma- 
! kotakan (Sk.), iabaJkan (At.) ; 
I (consummate, complete) snipur- 
! nakan. 

, Crucible (kroo'si-bl), s. 7t- //?',* bkas 
j Ihorau/^ tmpat Iboran. 

Crucifix (-fiks), s. patoiq saliV 
I (Ar. 8a?i&). 

j Crucifixion (-fik'sli/zn), s, (act of 

crucifying) hal musalibkan (Ar.) ; 

(deatli by crucifying) kmaiian di 

kayu salib (Ar.j. 

Crucify (-fl), v. t. salibkan (Ar.). 

Crude (krood), adj. (uncooked, un- 

i ripe) mutah; (unfinished, nnpre- 

j pared) bakal* as, bakal mityak, 

I crude oil; (imperfect) tafsnipurna. 

Cruel (kro5'fl), adj. brgis. 
I Cruelty (-ti), s. kbryisan, aniaya. 
Cruet (-et), s. buli-bulir Crtiet 
stand, ttnpai chuka miiyak, tmpat 
lada garam. 
Cruise (krooz), v. i. (Xaut.) payar, 

jujalii laid an. 
Cruiser (krooz'er), s. (Xaut.) p- 
■raliu payar, kapal praig yarg mm- 
Crumb (kruni), s. (small frag- 
ment) rem all, "^^ chbis,"-' cliotek;*' 
(of ])read, as op])osed to crust) 
id roii. 
Crumble (krum'bl), v. t. lianclivr- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ftTi-y; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?/s. cure, injure, 

hurry: food. foot, awf ool (avvful); law, ho-v\, oil; thin then. 




berprai-prai* rput. 

Crumble, v. i. 

Crumple (-pi), v. t. gumall-an* 

Crunch (krimcli), v. t. (as a dog 

enuii-he^ a bone) mamah. 
Crunch, v. i. I'erl-ap-Jcerhop, hrop- 

Crupper (knip'per), s. 'niban elcor,"^ 

taJi el'or. 
Crusade (kroo-sad'), s. (lioly war) 

pvarg sahil^ (Ar. sabll). 
Cruse (krooz). >. huU-buU* balarg* 
Crush (kriisli), s. (violent pressure) 

Crush, V. t. (bruise) mmarkan;* 
( reduce to fine particles) tiancliur, 
rmoh; (between two surfaces) im- 
pit, em pet (B.), peiyek; (in the 
hand) vama.^; (under wheels) ge- 
■lel', lerery f' (by stamping) ireh/^ 
hinjal' ; (as a python) clirot* 'rat;'^ 
(force hi) /Mdat;* (in a mortar) 
iumboh: (with a spoon) lecheh; 
(insects) tinda^s; (oppress) an- 

Crushed (krnslit), adj. hanchor- 
Inlohr nnok-rdam* luloh-lan- 
t(d-;*(oL the sjnrit) lianchor liati. 

Crust (krust), s. (hard outer sur- 
face) liulit; (of rice at the bottom 
of a pot) I'ml' uom; (in wine bot- 
tles) l-ladal-/' 

Crustaceous (krus-tri'sh?/s), adj. | 
berkidit hms. ! 

Crusty adj. (having a crust) ber- \ 
I'll (if ; (surly) pngiis.^' 

Crutch (krucb), s. toiglnt I'tial'. ; 

Cry (kri), v. i. (call out) x/v/,* \ 
triak, laorg:^ (with joy or in war) [ 
sorak, impel- : (clamour) krlau,^ I 
kdan :^' (wad) ratap; (weep) j 
iargis/^' mnaigh; (with pain or as I 
nnimals) jtit, mnjret (B.), pkek. \ 
To cry violently, till there is no 
sound, mnargis pi jar. "^ 

Cry, s. sru;^ triak, etc., as above. 

Crypt (kript), s. bilek dalam Irgkorg- 

an'^ kaki tembok. 
Cryptic (krip'tik), adj. tersmbunji. 
Crystal (kris'tal), s. hablur (Pers.), 

batu blauda.^ Kock crystal, ki- 

igarg* batu plumban.'^ 
Crystallize (-Tz), v. t. bkukati* 
Crystallize, v. i. mnjadi bku,* ber- 

astakuna (Sk.). 
Cub (kub), s. anah bruaig, anah 

hrimau, dan s-bagai-tya. 
Cube (kiib), s. batgutian* anam per- 

sgi, bnda anam persgi. 
Cubeb (ku'beb), s. lada berekor* 

Jada panjatg, kmutykus* tmukus* 
Cubicle (-bi-kl), s. bilek berdindirg 

Cubit (-bit), s. //a.s'/a, hsta* sta* 
Cuckold (kuk'uld), s. orarg dayns 

(Ar. dayuth). 
Cucumber (kil'kimi-ber), s. timon, 

Cud (kud), s. To chew the cud, ma- 
mah biak* 
Cuddle (kud'dl), v. t. lendeh* 

ujOTykom* (W.). 
Cudgel (kuj'd), V. t. pntorg* p- 

Intoig. To cudgel one's brains, 

bantiig kpala. 
Cudgel, s. blanfan,'^' pmntorg* p- 

Cue (ku), s. (tail) ekor; (catch- 
word, hint) isarat (Ar. ishdrat) ; 

(for billiards) kiu-bola (E.). 
Cuff (kuf), s. (of a sleeve) sergserg- 

an baju, lipat hgan; (of a shirt) 

kalar hgan* (E.j. 
Cuff, s. (slap) sjmk, fampar; (on the 

face) impel. erg. 
Cuff, V. t. iampar, s/xik. 
Cuirass (kwe-ras'), s. Japek dada, 

baju bsi. 
Culinery (ku'li-na-ri), adj. deri-hal 

masak, masak-masak (a). 
Cull (ktil), Y.t. (select) pileh; 

(gather) ptek ; (by cutting with 

the linger nails) gnias.* 

ate, ask, am, finrtl, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Cullender (kul'lpn-der)^ s. iapisan. 


Culminate (kul'mi-iiat). y. i. naih 
Ir-niercfiu/^ sampal k-tm/xit yarg 
t'nijgi sJcali 

Culpable (-pa-bl), adj. (wortliy of 
blame) pal id di-clila: (criminal) 

Culprit (-prit), s. orarg iudolian,^' 
orary yarg hna d'awa, orarg ier- 
d'mra, orarg salali. 

Cult (kult), s. (homage) haMi 
(8k.) ; (system of rites) ainran 

Cultivate (knrti-vat), v. t. (bestow 
labour on) l-rrjalwi; (by digging) 
(hargiol; (by ploughing) hajah, 
frggala (Sk.) ; (as a new clearing) 
hid-a ianak; (plant) ianam; 
(make fertile) suhorlcan; (care for 
while growhig) 7;7a,* pliliara: (as 
arts and sciences) tiintid. 

Cultivation (-va'sh?oi), s. (tillage) 
pprli'uwaan/'' perlanaman, ianam- 
m nanam . 

Cultivator (-vu-ter), s. pJadatg/^' 
orarg berladarg, orarg her saw all. 

Culture (kiirchur), s. (act of cnl- 
ti\ating) lial rrngerjal'an, etc., see 
CT ltivate; (physical and mental 
improvement) hudi-hhasa, tainad- 
dun (Ar.) ; (refinement) JcahaluS' 

Cultured (-chnrd), adj. herhhasa, 
hahis, hermndun (At.) ; see above. 

Cumber (kum'ber), v. t. Iratlan, 
rembetkan f (obstruct) skaikan. 

Cumbersome (-s«m), adj. brat, 

Cumbrous (-br;/s), adj. remhct.^' 

Cumin (-in), s. jintan. 

Cumulative (ku'mu-la-tiv), adj. 
h eriam bah -tain bah. 

Cunninj; (kun'ning), adj. (in- 
genious) pandai, ahli (Ar.) ; 
(crafty) clierdek. 

Cunning, s. cherdeh, kcherdek'an. 

Cup (kup), s. matgkok, chawanj 

(smaller) cliargkir; (of metal) 

baiil;'^ (with a foot) p'lala 

Cup, Y. t. bkani/^ chandok (X.I.). 
Cupboard (kub'berd), s. almari,. 

Imarl, grobok.* 
Cupidity (kii-pid'i-ti), s. Zo&a,* 

lam' a, (Ar.), tmahah (B.). 
Cupola (kii'po-la), s. (of a howdah) 

kop;"^' (dome) quhah (Ar. quh- 

Cupping (kup'ping), s. bkam,*" 

chandok (N.I.). 
Cur (ker), s. koyok.''' 
Curable (kur'a-bl), adj. yaig dapat 

di-smbohkan,'^ yanj dapat di- 

obati, yarg boleh di-obatkan. 
Curacy (kur'a-si), s. patgkat padri 

pnolorg (X.). 
Curate (-et), s. padri pnolorg (X.). 
Curator (ku-ra'ter), s. pmlihara. 
Curb (kerb), s. (of a bit) raniai 

katg, raniai lagam; (of a well) 

ikat prigi: (of a path) batu prg^ 

ileal I pi jalan. 
Curb, v. t. iahankan, lairan, falok- 

kan (Ar.), igahkan. 
Curbstone (kerb'ston), s. batu prg- 

ikat tpi jalan. 
Curcuma (ker'ku-ma), s. (turmer- 
ic) kunjit: (imported) kumkuma 

Curd (kerd), s. dadeh,^' taint 

Curdle (ker'dl), y. i. jadi bkuj^' ber^ 

bku/^ jadi tairu. 
Cure (kiir), s. (act of curing), k- 

smbohan;'^ (remedy) pnawar. 
Cure. V. t. (heal) s?nbo}ikan* obati, 

baikkan (B.) ; (restore) pnleli^ 

kan; (by salting) garami* tar oh 

asin (B.) ; (by smoking) salai;'^ 

(by heating over a fire) paiggarg; 

(in the sun) jmor. 
Curiosity (kur'i-os'i-ti), s. (inquis- 

itiveness) mlit:* (curious thing) 


ate, ank, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not. connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Curious (-Ms), adj. (makiii<? eager 
search) pnjiamt* (Ar. >w><at), 
prylidehf (strange, peculiar) 

Curl (kerl), v. i. (as a snake or 
rope) herletgl'ar, herhlit; (as 
paper or leaves) hrel'ut, hrulnd:* 
(backwards) Intel'; (of hair) 
il'al/^ hritiKj : (of the lower lip) 
jueh;* (as laths in a fire) rjlteh.'^^ 

Curl. V. t. letrjl'orVan, hliil'an, etc.. 
as above; (of the upper lip) jrotg- 
in;* (of the lower lip) juelil'an* 
chbeh;* (the hair with irons) dan- 
dan * 

Curl, s. bin. I'rel-uf. lenjkar, gidorg, 

Curly (kerri). adj. iM,* hritirg. 
A curly tail, hergloig* elcor. 

Curmudgeon (ker-miij'im), s. oraig 
lol-el', orarg likir* 

Currant (kfir'rant), s. I'lf^mis liilam 

Currency (-r^n-si). s. (being cur- 
rent) Jial berJal'ii ;* (money in cir- 
culation) icaig yatg lal-u. 

Current (-r^nt). adj. yatg lalcu. To 
pass current, lal'u. The current 
month, hulan ini. 

Current, s. (of water) Itarus, ams. 

Currier (-ri-er), s. tuJcarg intyuclii 

Curry (-ri), s. gulai* laol', l-ari 
(Tarn.), 7na-'<al' rnijmli. Curry 
and rice, nasi gulai* nasi I'ari 

Curry, v. t. (of leather) cli uclil hulit; 
(of horses) garol% siJcat. To cur- 
ry favour, lerhol\* hermul-a-miil-a. 

Currycomb (-kom). s. pjggarok 
I'uda, I'erda'^ (Hind. I'arera). 

Curse (kers), v. t. I'utok, sumpali, 

Curse, s. l-nfoJ,-. sumpali, la'anat 
(Ar.), sranah. srapah* 

Cursed (kors'Vd), adj. sial, clilal'a. 

Cursive (ker'siv), adj. (of writmg) 

Cursory (-so-ri), adj. (hasty) go- 

poh, '/opoli-qapah:* (careless) /a- 

Curt (kert), adj. (brief) pen del', 
reigl-as;* (rudely concise) tvidk 

Curtail (kcr-trd'), v. t. (cut the end 
oif) paigkas;^^ (shorten) pendeh-^ 
l-an, reigl'aslwi;'^ (reduce) hu- 

Curtain (ker'ten), s. iirai (Tarn.) ; 
(for doors or windows) largsi, laig- 
se (B. ). I'ain pinin: (for mosqui- 
toes) I'lambu: (drapery against a 
wall) tabir;^' (in shadow plavs) 

Curtsy (kert 'si), s. rndaJd-an dirt 
mmbri h or mat. 

Curvature (ker'va-chur). s, (stat« 
of being curved) hgkorgan. 
Curvature of the spine, borgl'ok. 

Curve (kerv). s. I'lok* bntok* Jig- 
l'ol\, Intek; (of a Iris) I ok;* (of a 
river) kelok* bliku* 

Curve, V. i. hgkok, Jigkoig* 

Curve, V. t. hgkokkan, hgkorgkan,*' 

Curvet (ker-vef or ker'vet), v. i. 
(of horses) bertandak. 

Cushion (koosh'?/n), s. bantal; (for 
a cliair) tdam kum; (for seats in 
a carriage) tdam; (of billiard ta- 
bles) kosen (E.). State cushion, 
bantal sraga* chiu* 

Custard (kus'terd), s. sri-kaya^ 
sirelikaya. The custard apple^ 
buah sri-kaya, huah sirelikaya. 

Custodian (kus-to'di-(7n), s. pm- 
lihara, pnjimpan. 

Custody (kus'to-di), s. (care, pre- 
servation) pmlihara^an, pmbla- 
'an ;* (confinement) kurorgan, 
piigifan;* (act of guarding) prg~ 

Custom (-t«m), s. (hal»itiial prac- 
tice) biam, raJip;* (fixed usage) 
'adat. rsam : (manner, way) cliara; 
(ceremonial) istiadat ;* (habitual 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not. connect, sore, sort, sorry: use. us. niinMs, cure, injure. 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin t^ien. 




buying) perlairjgananf' (tribute, 
tax), diukai, hasil, hia (N.I.). 

Customary (-a-ri), adj. (according 
to usage) heradat, ter'adat; (con- 
ventional) I'laziman (Ar.) ; (ha- 
bitual) biasa, memaiy. It is 
cu.stoniary, 'adat-lah. 

Customer (-or), s. lanjgamw.'^' 

Custom-house (-hows), s. riimah 
chukai, impal bayer cliuhu. Cus- 
tom house officer, pgawai cliuhai, 
shahbandar (X.I.). Cu'stom 
house detective, ch cut erg (Ch. 

Cut (kut), V. t. (sever) pot org; (in 
two pieces) blah; (a piece ott') prg- 
gal,* Ji'rat; (in several pieces) Za- 
pah/^ pfggaJ-ptygal; (in slices) hi- 
ris, didis* rarhel', snharg ;^ (cut 
the head or top oft') panchorg; (on 
a block) tndas;* (cut ends oft) 
patgl'as:^ (cut off limbs) hodorg, 
Iriidoig (B.) ; (nose) romporg; (by 
chopping) itak, pararg; (cho]D up 
,«^nlall) rhnchaiy, chincliarg (B.) ; 
(cut a notch) fakoh;* (a slight 
jiotch) takek; (a shallow incis- 
ion) tor eh; (a nick, so as to break) 
ktar; (cnt with scissors) guntirg; 
(^^'ith betelnut shears) kachip; 
(with a cln'sel) pahat; (with a 
knife drawn towards one) raeh, 
raek (B.) ; (di'awn away) raid; 
(cnt to a point) ranchotg;^ (trim 
oft roughness) paras; (cut in, en- 
grave) ukir,'^ liikis; (cut do^^'n, 
trees) tbarg; (cut half through for 
felling) serpeh;-^ (brushwood) 
tbas; (cut g]"ain) /?/«?".* ninuai 
(B.), ktam;* (cut cards) krat; 
(cut down, lessen) kuraigkan. To 
cut sliort, pendekkan. To cut 
stones, srodiJ^ To cut teeth, turn- 
boh gigi, tuniba gigi (B.). Cut 
and dried (ready), slap. Cut 
glass, kacha beramhr 

Cut, V. i. makan. 

•Cut. s. (gash, notch, etc.) see above; 

(wound) hika; (blow with whip, 
etc.) xbat. A short cut, jalan pin- 
///.v.'*" jalan pendek (B.). 

Cutaneous (ku-ta'ni-^/s), adj. pada 

Cutch (kiicli). s. karlia/^ gambir hi- 

Cuticle (ku'ti-kl), s. kulit ariJ' 

Cutlass (kiit'lrts), s. pdarg pendek. 

Cutler (-leu), s. titkarg pisau. 

Cutlery (-i). s. pisaa pararg dan s- 

Cutlet (-let), s. s-potoig dagbg. 

Cutter (-ter), s. (one who cuts) 
pmotorg, etc., see cut; (Xaut., 
sloop rigged) skochi (D. schuitje). 
Cake cutter, trap. 

Cutthroat (-throt), s. pmbunoh, 
sanispjg (Ch. ?), buaya darat, 
baaga (X.I.). 

Cutting (-ting), adj. (sharp, chill- 
ing) sram-sram sjok; (sarcastic) 

Cutting, s. (act of cutting) hal m- 
niotoig, etc., see cut; (something 
cut olf) pot organ, kratan, etc., see 
cut; (twig cut for rooting as a 
new plant) aiggoran;^ (railway 
exca^'ation through a hill) jalan 

Cuttlefish (kut'tl-fish), s. sotorg, 
rliotnek-rhoDiek/^ nn-s,^ guriia, 
kreta,* pomporg,'^ see octopus. 

Cutwater (-waw-ter), s. (Naut.) 

Cycle (sl'kl), s. (interval of time) 
peridaran dunia* zainan* jman 
(B.), daur (Ar.) ; (bicycle) kreta 
lereig* kreta argin/^ kreta roda 
(B.), baAdkal (E.). 

Cyclone (sl'klon), s. topan (Ar. 
'van fan), ribol berpusirg; (whirl- 
wind) taorg.'^ 

Cyclopedia (si'klo-pe'di-a), s. ko- 
nnis 'ilmii (Ar.). 

Cygnet (sig'net), s. anak huroni 
jo gin ah (.l*ers.). 

.ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?/s, cure, injure, 

liurrv; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; tbin then. 




Cylinder (sirin-der), s. hulaian to- 

Cylindrical (^i-liii'dn-kar), adj. 

i/arg biilai toral'/^ yatg hulat bu- 

Cymbal (^im'brtl), s. clie^-cJie" (Ch. 

r///<e"); (small) dandi (Tarn.). 
Cynic (sin'ik), s. ptgoloh-ixjolol-, 

/'^^//^* yd^'J nitf/arf/l-al Ichail'an 

Cynical (-i-krtl), adj. 'pigoloh-rgoloh. 
Cypher (si'fer), s. see ciphek. 
Cypress (si'pres), s. saru (Ar.). 
Cyst (sist), s. risa.^' 
Czar (zar), s. raja Fk.ima. 

Dab (dab), v. t. (with moist cloth, 

etc.) 'lap; (in order to dry) tl^ap; 

(give a soft blow) tpolc; (with the 

ting-er) chnlH: (with the beak) 

patol', paguir pagol- (B.), pe- 

gut J" 
Dab. s. lap, ipolc, cludii, patolc, as 

Dabble (dab'bl), v. i. (in water) 

Vbiir f-' (meddle) gaiggiir niasol' 

Daddy (dad'di), s. ;w', pal', irah. 
Daddy longlegs (long'legz)^ s. 

Daft (daft), adj. bndoh, pandir/^ 
Dagger (dagVer), s. Itris; (bent) 

scwakf' (small) badeJc;'^ (very 

small) bladau/-' tumhoh lada; 

(broad and curved) jmhia (Pers. 

Daily (dri'li). adj. Itari-liari. 
Daily, adv. .^-lian-liari, tiap-tiap 

liari. s-bila)(j hari/^ saban liari 

Dainty (dan'ti). adj. (to the taste) 

^dap, n'eniaf (Ar.), lazat (Ar.) ; 

(delicate, elegant, as a child) 

chomU, chain (>l (B.) ; (of texture) 

Dainty, s. (delicacy) u'einat (Ar.), 

mahanan yarg sdap. 

Dairy (dar'i), s. ruinah mnal'org 
siL^u^' { in pat ninibuat mntega. 

Dais (da'is), s. rambat;'^ (royal) 
sirggasaiia (fSk.) ; (at weddings) 

Dal (dal), s. hichan/ dal. 

Dale (dfil), s. Imbak. 

Dalliance (dal'li-rtns), s. rhumb iir 
saijatg (B.). 

Dally (-li), v.i . (waste time, trifle) 
lel-a: (delay) letgah; (caress) ber~ 
cliunibu/'^ sayarg (B.). 

Dam (dam), s. (mother of animals) 
mal', ibii; (barrier, bank or wall) 
bndoig,'''' 'mpargan, sl'atan. 

Dam, V. t. 'wparg, fbat^ skat. 

Damage (drim'ej), s. Icrosakan, 
bnchaiia, chdva (8k.), mudlarat 
(Ar.) ; (slight) chachat, jjas.'^'' 
To claim damages, tiuitvt hrugi-^ 

Damage, v. r. rosalr, bnchxinal-an. 

Damascening (dam'^s-sr'n'ing), s.. 
(of a kris) paniur.'^^ 

Damascus (da-mas'k//s), s. Dani- 
sh ek (Ar.). 

Damask (dam'flsk), s. klnikha 

Dame (dam), s. incha'/-^' blbi (B.). 

Damn (dilm), v. t. (condenm) Jiu- 
kunikan,puia,^kaii hul'uin ; (curse ) 
kufok. Vanatkan, sumpahi. 

Damnable (dilm'na-bl), adj. (liable 
to damnation) patat di-hukuni- 
kan : (odions) kbnrhian. 

Damnation (dani-na'sh//n), s. (con- 
dciM nation ) hukaman. 

Damning (dam'-ing), adj. yatg m- 
tga lali ka n . * ga rg m rgh uku mka n . ' 

Damp (damp), s. (moisture) Im- 
bap: (fog) kabiit, wap: (depres- 
sion) bacliolr hati mororg (B.). 

Damp, adj. Inihap, ^mbal* Icholi;'^ 
(of tbe ground) ramhahf'' (and' 
sticky, as sugar) berlrgas. 

Damp. V. r. bamhkan, hnbapkan : 
(depress) barholkan hati."^-' Intah- 

ate, ask, am. final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not. connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use. us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin f/?en. 




Dampen ( (Ijniip'n), v. t. same as 

Damper (-er), s. (in fliies) pnutop 
choronj : (that whieli depresses) 
pnibachol liati.^ 

Dampness (-nes). s. huhap, Icahut, 
ivap: = DAMP. q. V. 

Damsel (<irim'z(«'l), s. anal- dam, 
dai/anj/^ prawan,"^ gadis;* (atten- * 
dam ) dayaty-dai/anj. ] 

Dance (dans), y. i. tan','^ mnari I 
(B.). tandak (Jav.), bergamboh* ' 
(.Tav.) : (girls, in pairs) roiy- 
gerg : (spectator, witli a public 
dancer) cbenj;'* (Arab dance, in 
pairs) zafin (Ar.) ; (with bells 
on the feet) berjogi: (a sword 
<iance) pnchal':* (without weap- 
ons) silat; (with a dabus in each 
hand) berdabus-; (as insects) Ide- 

Dance, s. /«/•/,* mnarl (B.), tandak, 
joqet, ganiboli,^ dansa (X.I.) 
(D.). Sword dance, pnclial'* 

Dancer (dan'ser), s. prenipuaa roig- 
gfrg, prrmpimn joget, anak jogei, 

Dancing; (-sing), s. Dancin*:^ <^irl, 
sec a.bove. 

Dandelion (drin'de-li-^ai), s. pU- 
man'^ (Kl.). 

Dandle (dan'dl). v. t. (swinging) 
ullt-:^ (tossing) tintaig. 

Dandruff (-druf), s. Idmunior/" 
klunomoh (B.). 

Dandy (-di), s. psolek,'^ oratg yaty 
bersoiek, si-kachak. 

Dandified (-fid), ad}. }>>!olfk.'^ ka- 


Danger (dan'jer), s. baliya, mam,* 

Dangerous (-?/s), adj. berbaliya; 
(of -ickncss) payali; (of a wound) 

Dangfe (dang'gl), v. i. (as tassels) 
iimbai/^ jrumbai,* jumbai;* (of 
the feet) beraijun kaki* juntai;* 
{m a broken arm) terkulai-ku- 

lai;* (as branches) hnpai;* (as a 
bat) sfggayid.'^ 

Dangling (-gling), adj. untal- 
antil,* untaig-antug,'^ kuntal-kan- 
til, kunfanj-katitiig,* klepak,* 
To sit with the legs dangling, ber- 

Dank (dangk), adj. Imbap. 

Dapper (dap'per), adj. kachak. 

Dappled (-pld), adj. rintek-rmtek, 

Dare (dar), v. i. (be bold) brani. 

Dare, v. t. (challenge) ajak, mku;^ 
nngkisf (in order to make an- 
other fight, etc.) cliabarkan* 

Dare-devil (dar'devl), s. oraiy 
nekal,* oraig ta'fakot mati (B.), 
brani mryetan. 

Daring (dar'ing), adj. brani, per- 
kasa (Sk.), nekat.'* 

Dark (dark), adj. glap, Mamr 
(dull, gloomy) suram;* (of 
colour) fua; (of the sky) rdop, 
gobar* kbam;* (mysterious, hid- 
den) sullt;* (ignorant) jahil 
(Ar.) ; (atrocious) jahat. The 
dark ages, zaman jahiliat (Ar.). 
l*itch dark, gJap glita, glap mraba 

Dark, s. kgJapan, klamf (of night) 

Darken' (dark'n), v. t. glapkan, 

Darkness (-nes), s. kglapan, klam;* 
(of night) silani.'^ 

Darling (dar'ling), adj. yarg di- 

Darling, s. kkasfli, rhinla, ksayarg- 
an, buah hati,* biji mata, ryawa; 
(of children) Umaigaw* (in ad- 
dressing a child) buntat, intan, 

Darn (darn) , v. t. jrumat. 

Darning (darn'ing), s. jrumat; 
(Swiss or stocking-web darning) 

Dart (dart), s. (javelin) Inibity, 
chanipak'buaty,* pn dahan ;* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror: old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 
hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




(smaller) sllr/ij* (of blowpipes) 
damaJi';* (for fishing) tohol'* 
Dart, V. i. (move quickly as a snake) 
lanchar;^ (dart forward) terpa; 
(dart out, as the tongue) jlir, 
julor; (as flame) julat;* (dart 
past) lintas. 
Dash (dash), v. t. (throw or strike 
violently) hntam, hantiig; (down- 
wards) limpas; (shatter) rmoh- 
I'an, hanchurhan; (spatter) per- 
ihek. To dash one's hopes to the 
ground, putus harap. 
Dash, V. i. (rush) tmpoli, luru* 

Dash, s. (rapid movement) tmpoli; 
(line or mark) haris. 

Dastard (das'terd), s. pnakot, oraixj 

Dastardly (-li), adj. hachol* 

Data (da'ta), s. (facts) pri-hal,'^ 
hal-ehwal (Ar.). 

Date (dat), s. (tlie fruit) khurma 
(Ar.), konnah (B.). The date 
palm, pohofi khiirma (Ar.), pokok 
kormak (B.). 

Date, s. (epoch) zaman, jman (B.), 
masa* ktika, ivaktu; (day of the 
month) hari-hulan, farikh (Ar.). 

Date, V. t. huboh hari-bulan. L>ated, 
bprtarikk* (Ar. tarikh). 

Daub (dawb), v. t. (with mud) 
Inmorkan, chomorkan* ciiomot- 
kan: (with colour) cUontety, 
rltorerrj, Jahur* 

Daughter (daw'ter), s. anak prem- 
■puan. Grand- daughter, chucJiu 
prrmpvan. Step daughter, anak 
tiri prcmpnan. 

Daughter-in-law (in-law), s. 
ninantii prempuan. 

Daunt (dawnt), v. t. bacliolkan 

Dauntless (-les), adj. tiada ter- 
hachol hati-tiia,^ brani, perkam 
(Sk.), nekal^ 

David (da'vid), s. Baud (Ar.)._ 

Davit (da'vit or dav'it) (Naut.) 
dewi (E.), prggantorg skochi, pry- 
gantoiT] bot. 

Dawdle (daw'dl), v. i. lergah, leka, 
leiysan,^ betiamhat, chidas* ch-- 
leh* jalan termut-mut.^ 

Dawn (dawn), v. i. mula'i trary, 
terbit fa jar (Ar.). 

Dawn, s. tranj tanali, dinihari* 
fa jar (Ar.), suboh (Ar.). 

Day (da), s. (as opposed to night) 
siaty, siaiy^ hari; (period of 24 
hours) hari, s-hari s-walam; (age, 
period) zaman, jman (B.), masa.* 
All day, s-panjanj /lari, s-lian- 
harian.* Alternate days, ber- 
slarg hari. Day by day, s-hari- 
hari, tiap-tiap hari. Next day, 
esok, bcsok. Noon day, tryah hari. 
The day after to-morrow, lusa. 
'We day before yesterday, khnarith 
dhulu. The tliird day, tidat. 
The fourth day, lubin.'^ The 
fifth day, luban.'^ 

Daybreak (da'ljrak), s. fajar m- 

Day-dream (-drem), s. argul.* 

Daylight (-lit), s. siaty, trarg 

Daytime (-tim), s. s{a7y hari. 

Daze (daz), v. t. birgorgkan. 

Dazed (dazd), adj. biigorg, ksasar- 
an, nanar;* (on waking) terpikau- 
pikau;* (by confused motion) m- 

Dazzle (daz'zl), v. t. sUau, silau- 
kan. To be dazzled (of the eyes), 

Dazzling (-zling), adj. yilary- 
gm iJaig* chnierlarg.* 

Deacon (dr/kn), s. diakon (X.). 

Deaconess (de'kn-es), s. diakonis 

Dead (dod), adj. mall, wafat (Ar.) ; 
(of princes) maigkat;* (vulgar) 
manipus: (refined expressions) 
hilaig, krnbali* kmbali k-rahmat 
Allah,* mnirgyal,* mnirygal du- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 
mirror ;^ old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorrv ; use, us, minws, cure, injure, * 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




nm, puiui< vjawa. Dead ahead 
(Xaiit.). Ipat di-mul'Li. Dead 
body (of men ), mayat; (animals) 
hatykai. Dead calm (Xaut.) mati 
aiqin. J)ead heat, sri. Dead Ian- 
guatj-e. bhasa oranj dknla kola. 
Dead leaves, daun krivj. Dead 
letter (no authorlt}), hihtr/ kuasa. 
Dead low water, iimpas. Dead 
march, laqa pada masa mtykubor- 
kan oraiy* lagu oraty mail (B.). 
Dead shot, pandai mnemhak. 
Dead tired, /r?«./,* Iteh-ha. Dead 
water (Xaiit.), olak kmudi. To 
stop dead, berhnii skali. 

Dead, s. (dead persons) ormg inatl. 
The dead of winter, trgah, iiiimni 
sjok. Tlie dead of nii*-ht, ivaklu 
snnjap sanji pada malani. 

Deaden (ded'n), v. t. (as power, 
feelin<r oi- sonnd) liilaufkan, 

Deadhouse (-liows). s. bihk tmpat 
man of. 

Deadlock (-lok), s. skafan, terhnti 

Deadly (-li), adj. (fatal) yary mni- 
bawa mati, yary mmatikan. Dead- 
ly pale, puchat manai/^ puchat 
pudar* puchat bayi mayat (B.). 
Deadly enemies, musoh s-umor 

Deaf (def). adj. (wholly) tull, 
pkak'tvU (B.) ; (hard of Jiearingi 
pkak; (temporary) bjyap* big- 
ary:* (nn willing to hear) yary m- 
mkakkari ilirya. Deaf and dumb, 
hif^u dan tuli, bisu pkak. 

Deafen (dofn). v. t. inlikan. pkal'- 

Deafness (-nes), s. ktidian, kpkak- 
'an, kbryapan.^ 

Deal (del), s. (share) hhayian : (of 
cards) pareh* chrykeh* rhiry- 
keh (B.). A good deal, sdikit ba- 
ryak.* baryak jnya. A great deal. 
haryak. To think a great deal of 
one's self, bsarkan dirt. 

Deal, s. (wood of the fir tree) kaya 
sro* (Ar.). 

Deal, V. t. (divide) bhayikan; 

(trade) berniaya; (behave) ber- 

lakii:* (cards) pareh* chtykek/' 

chirykeh (B.). To deal in, ber^ 

niayakan, berjual. To deal with,. 

jalan kan , b Icharakan . 
Dealer (del'er), s. oraiy berkdai,. 

orarg yary berniaya; (at cards) 

perdi^' chitykeh (B.). 
Dealing (-iug). s. laku,'^' klaknan^ 

terykah-IakiL Double dealing^ 

tipu-daya, pnsiiy-blit, putar-ba- 

Jek, putar-blit. 
.Dean (den), s. yum dalam skolah 

Dear (der), adj. (costly) mahalr 

(higbly valued) indah: (beloved) 

Dearth (dertli), s. (scarcity) K 

kuratyan; (famine) klaparan, k^ 

buloran, kholoran (B.). 
Death (deth), s. kinailan, maut; (of 

princes) marykaf,"^' kniarykaia.n*- 

Death angel, maliku 'l-ntant (Ar.),. 

Death rate, bilaryan oraty maii^ 

To be at the point of death, naib 

onibak, nazak* (Ar. naz'a). 
Death-bed (deth'bed), s. (time of 

death) ktika maut, ajal (Ar.). 
Death-blow (-bio), s. (event which 

dcsti'oys) kbinam'an, kpuiusan. 
Deathlike (-lik), adj. s-Iaku mati,*' 

spf'rtl mati. 
Death's-head (deths'hed), s. try- 

Debar (de-bar'), v. t. (shut out) 

skatkan: (refuse, deny) tyah, la- 

ra ry : ( h i Jid e r ) ta h an . 
Debase (de-bas'). v. t. (make base > 

hluakau, rudahkau: (as coinage)* 

Debatable (de-bat'a-bl), adj. yatg 

bohh di-bantahi,* yarg bolch bnat 

]n>rligkaran (B.). 
Debate (de-baf), s. pcrbanfahan.'^''- 

bahas* (Ar. baiiafh). 
Debate, v. i. (dispute) berbantah ,*" 

bertrykar; (discuss) herbichara^ 

ate, ask, am. final, care. car. carry; eve. hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror ; old, not, connect, s^re. sort, sorry ; use. us, min?/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; fodd, foot, awfool (awful) ;' law, how, oil; thin th^t\. 




berrundity, herrondefg (B.), ber- 

akkfiar (Ar. ikhtidr), berbahas* 

(Ar. banath). 
Debate, v. t. bantahkan, bicharakan. 
Debauch (-bawcli'), v. t. (corrupt) 

rosakkan ; (.seduce) chaboli;* 

(rape) rurjulj^ 
Debauch. s. cliabol/^ liichah; 

(drunkenness) mabok. 
Debauchee (deb'o-she'), s. oraixf 

rhahoL* omnj Inrhah, pmabok, 

pprlohtch (NJ.). 
Debauchery (de-bawch'er-i), s. 

rhabol* luchah. 
Debenture (-ben'cliur), s. swat 

Debilitate (-bil'i-tat), y. t. Imah- 

kan, it ell kail. 
Debility (-ti), s. klmahan, kltelian. 
Debit (deb'it), s. hutarg. 
Debit, V. t. ma-'iok hutatg, bri masok 

Debris (da'bre), s. pchahan nimah, 

pchahari bat a. 
Debt (det), s. liutanj. Deep in debt, 

liulaig berkredak. 
Debtor (det'er), s. orarg berhufatg. 
Debut (da-boo'), s. hal pertaina kail 

Diasok ma j I is. 
Debutant (da'boo-tax'), s. orarg 

i/arg niasok niajlis pertama kali. 
Decade (dek'ad), s. s-pidoh ta/inn. 
Decadence (de-ka'dens), s. krosak- 

an, khurok'an. 
Decadent (-d^nt), adj. yaig tigali 

rnnjadi burok. 
Decalogue (dek'a-lo^), s. s-puloh 

in (k inn Mnsa. 
Decamp (de-kamp'), v. i. (depart 

suddenly) lari, atgkat kaki 
Decant (-kanf), v. t. tuaig per- 

Ja/ian-lahan, tnarg plan-plan. 
Decanter (-er), s. balarg,^ srahi,^ 

glok agcr, klalarg."^ 
Decapitate (-kap'i-tat), \.x. pan- 

cliotg, pargkas* pfggal lehir,'^ 

potoiq kpala (B.) ; (on a block) 

Decay (-ka'), v. i. jadi burok, jadi 
rput,'^ I'osak; (become putrid) jadi 
busok: (become too sott, of fruit) 
bonjor; (decline, grow less) ber- 

Decay, s. burok, kburok'an, krosak- 

Decayed (-kad'), adj. burok, rput,* 
rpok (B.), busok, rosak. 

Decease (-ses'), s. kmatian, wafat 
(Ar.) ; (of princes) margkat.* 

Deceased (-sest/), adj. yaig mati, 
■i/aig Inhug, yaig mnitggah* yatg 
wafat (Ar.) ; (of princes) mar- 
hum (Ar.). The deceased, si mati. 

Deceit (-set'), s. tipu-daya. 

Deceitful (-fool), adj. pnipu, bi- 
da alt (Ar.). 

Deceive (-scv'), v. t. tlpu, perdaya- 
Av///,* ssatan, knakan. 

Deceiver (-er), s. pnipu, 

December (-sem'ber), s. bulan di- 
fie ni her, bulan oratg put eh yarg 

Decency (de'sen-si), s. snonoh, 
sni rggah."^ 

Decent (-s^'ut), adj. (decorous) s- 
nonoh, snuggah;* (proper) patut; 
(fjiirlv o'ood) sdarg. 

Deception (de-sep'sliwn), s. tipu- 

Deceptive (-tiv), adj. pnipu, yarg 

Decide (-sTd'), v. t. tntukan, slsai- 
kan, sUsekan (B.) ; (render judg- 
ment) hicharakan, putuskan, pa- 
int kan. 

Decided (-si'd<^d), adj. (unmistak- 
able, clear) lyata; (without waver- 
ing) ttap; (fixed })iirpose) tntu; 
(resolute) tgoh. 

Decidedly (-li), adv. surggoh, tiada 
shak lagi (Ar.), tntu. 

Deciduous (-sid'u-;/,s). adj. (as 
trees) yaig luroh daun.^ 

Decimal (des'i-mal), s. (decimal 
fraction) pchahan perpulohan* 
pchahan s^puloh. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Decimal, adj. (by tens) s-pidoh 

s-puloh . 

Decimate (-mat), v. t. (destroy a 
large proportion) binasakan ha- 

Decipher (de-sl'ler), v. t. hnlca 
ralisia tvlisan, hacha sural chakar 
ay am, ryaiakan. 

Decision (-sizh'/zn), s. (act of de- 
ciding) kputusan, kpatuian; (de- 
termination, choice) hicliara, 
ptua"^ (Ar. fatwa)y akhtiar (Ar. 
ikhtidr) ; '(quality of being de- 
cided) kigolian. 

Decisive (-sl'siv), adj. (able to 
decide) yanj mtylsaikan* yaiy sli- 
sekan (B.), yanj mnntukan; (re- 
solute) ttap. 

Deck (dek), v. t. (adorn) Idasif^ 
riaskan (B.). 

Deck, s. (Naut.) dek (E.), gladak; 
(at the stem or stern of a boat) 
lirggi, glmai; (along the edge of 
a boat) leper-leper; (two or more, 
one over the other) iirgkat. 

Deckhouse (dek'liows), s. (Xaut.) 

Declaim (de-klam'), v..i. heriutor, 

Declamation (dek'la-ma'sh?ni), s. 

Declaration (-rri'sli?/n), s. (act of 
•declaring) W mnialumkan (Ar.), 
hal mryatakan; (announcement) 

Declare (de-klar'), v. t. (make 
known) hri iahu, m'aluwkan 
(Ar.) ; (publish) riiasoliorkan (Ar. 
7nas]ihnr), m'likan;^ (manifest 
plainly) ri)atakan; (assert, affirm) 
shotkan, kafakan clrgan. tnUi. 

Declension (-klen'shim), s. (slope) 
chondoig; (deterioration) k~ 
romk'an yarg hertamhah-tambah; 
(Gram.) tasrif (Ar.). 

Declination (dek'li-ua'shwn), s. 
(sloyx;) chondoig, chondrorg (B.) ; 
(deviation) hal mryernparg. 

Decline (de-klTn'), v. i. (bend, han^ 
down) tnndok; (slope downward) 
iiirun; (decay, diminish) ber^ 
kurarg-kurarg; (deviate) sempaig,. 
mnjemparg ; (refuse) ^rggan* 

Decline, v. t. (reject) 'iggankan,*" 
iolak; (Gram.) iasrifkan (Ar.). 

Decline, s. (falling oft') kkurargan ; 
(deterioration) krosak'an yanj 
b er tarn bah- ta?nbaJi; (wasting di- 
sease) kurus krirg, sakit mrana. 

Declivity (-kliv'i-ti), s. churaman^ 
chondoig, chondroig (B.). 

Decoction (-kok'shwn), s. (act of 
boiling) rbnmn; (extract) pati. 

Decollete (da-kol'le-tri), adj. ber^ 

Decompose (de'kom-poz'), v. i. 
(dissolve) hanchur; (decay) jadi 
bur ok, jadi busok. 

Decomposition (de-kom'po-zish'~ 
«n), s. hal hanchur, pri mnjadi 

Decorate (dek'o-rat), v. t. hiasi,"^ 
riaskan (B.), chvjkan (B.) (Ch> 

Decoration (-ra'sh?/n), s. perhias- 
an, prasan (B.) ; (mark of honour) 
bintarg kbsaran, pirgai."^ 

Decorous (dek'o-rv/s), adj. (seem- 
ly) snouoh: (polite) berbhasa. 

Decorum (de-kor'«m), s. snonoh,. 

Decoy (-koi'), s. (birds) pniikaf^ 
dnakf' (elephant) chvak* 

Decoy, v. t. (ensnare) iatgkap 
drgan iipu; (of birds) pikai; (by 
sounds) dkvt,* kesek/^ 

Decrease (-krcs'), v. i. kuraig, ber^ 
kuranj-kurarg, susut, Uirun, luak.*' 

Decrease, v. t. kuraujkan, turun^ 

Decrease, s. kkuraigan, ksusuian. 

Decree (-kre'), s. (of God) firmarh 
(Ar.), takdir (Ar.) ; (of princes) 
sahda,* Utah ;* (of a court) A;- 
puiusan Itukuiu. 

Decree, v. t. (of God) firmankatt 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry ; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, f ^rry ; ice, it, f ire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, scire, sort, sorry; use, us, niinws, cure, injure, 

liurrv; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




(Ar.), takdirliiDi (xVr.), hiihimi' 
kan (B.) ; (oL* princes) sabda* 
titahl'an f (of a court) putuskan 

Decrepit (-krep'it), adj. tua rental' 

Decrepitude (-i-tud), s. klmahan, 
hal f/anf burok. 

Decry (-kri'), v, t. clila, salahkan. 

Dedicate (ded'i-kat), v. t. (for sa- 
cred uses) kuduskan (Ar.), talibis- 
kan (Ar.). To dedicate one's self 
srahkan din. 

Dedication (-ka'slnm), s. hal mtg- 
kudii.skan* (Ar. (ptdus). 

Deduce (de-dus'), v. t. datargkan 
fikiran, anib'd tinibargan, ambil k- 

Deducible (-du'si-bl), adj. yarg 
boleh di-da ta njka n . 

Deduct (-dukt/), v. t. (take away, 
subtract) tolak, potorg. 

Deduction (-duk'shim), s. (act of 
deducing) hal mndatargkan; (act 
of deducting) hal mnolak; (tliat 
whicli is deduced, inference) 
kputusan Umbatgan; (that which 
is deducted) yarg di-toJak, po- 
t org an. 

Deed (ded), s. (action) perhuatan, 
pkerja/an, feel (Ar.) ; (good 
deeds) 'amal (i\.r.) ; (sealed writ- 
ing) siirat yaig di-tniraikan.* 
Title deed, gran (E. grant), ku- 
brik (N.l.) \j). koop brief). 

Deem (dem), v.t. kirakan, saigka- 
kan, fikirkan, bilargkan. 

Deep (dep), adj. (far down) dalam : 
(as a bowl), woigkom,'^ jlok/^ 
f>rgga,'^ dalam (B.) ; (as the hol- 
lows of the eyes and neck) chrg- 
koig; (of the intellect, profound) 
dalam : (sagacious, cunning) cher- 
dek; (of colour) tva; (of sound) 
dalam., garau ;'^ (of sleep) II ap, 
liiryak* lyadar,"^ chndra.* Deep 
darkness, glap glila* glap mraba 
(B.). Deep distress, susah ier- 

lain sargat. Deep in debt, huiarg 
berkredak. Deep laden, sarat. 
Deep silence, snnjap. Deep in 
thought, tfkiir (Ar.), sarat w- 
mikirkan.* Deep water (deep 
])art of a channel or of the sea) 
aronjan * 

Deep, s. (deep water) tubir,^ lobok* 
ayer dalam-; (the ocean) lautan; 
(abyss) klburanJ^' The deep of 
night, jauh malam. 

Deepen (dep'n), v.t. dalamkan. 

Deepen, v. i. jadi dalam, bertambah 
daiam, wahin dalam. 

Deep-laid (dep'lad'), adj. di-ada- 
kan dry an cherdek. 

Deeply (-li), adv. dalam, satgat; see 

also DEEP. 

Deer (der), s. (sambur deer) riisa; 
(barking deer) kijarg, mnjanjan* 
(N.L); ( die vrotin, large) brgku- 


napoh;"^ (small = mouse- 

deer) pi and ok, kanchil (Jav.) . 
Deer-hog (der'hog), s. babi-rusa. 
Deface (de-fas'), v.t. (injure, 

spoil) rosakkan; (obliterate) hi- 

lanjkan, hapuskan. 
Defacement (-raent), s. krosak'an. 
Defalcate (de-fal'kat), v. i. Ian- 

chorgkan kira-kira,* palsukan 

Defalcation (de'fal-ka'shi^n), s. 

Um ch rga n kira-kira . * 
Defalcator (def'al-kat-er), s. pZa/i- 

Defamation (def'a-ma'sliMn), s. 
umpat, fitnah (Ar.). 

Defamatory (de-fam'a-to-ri), adj. 
yatg nug umpat, prg umpat. 

Defame (de-fam'), v.t. umpat, 
fitnahkan (Ar.), jahatkan. 

Default (-fawlf), s. (omission, 
neglect) alpa,"^ lalai; (fault, ill- 
deed) ksalahan. In default of (in 
the absence of), kalau kuraig, sbah 
kiiada'an. Judgment by default, 
kpidusan hukuni sbab oraig tiada 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws. cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Default, Y. i. alpa,* bersalah, as 
above; (fail to fulfil a contract) 
tiada mmpailian janji; (fail to ap- 
pear in court) tiada liadlir (Ar.), 
fad a pergi (B.). 

Defaulter (-er), s. oranj aJpa/^ yaijj 
tiada sampail-an janji^ yaiy tiada 
liadlir (Ar.). orairj salali; (defal- 
cator) planch org, '^ 

Defeat (-fef), s. (frustration) fc- 
tiada'an, I'hatalan; (loss in battle) 
Iralahan,^ Meirasan* I'alah (B.). 

Defeat, v. t. (frustrate) laialkan, 
tiadakan ; (overcome, vanquish) 
alahkan,'^ kalalikan (B.). To be 
defeated, alah,^ tewas/^ kalah 

Defecate (de'fe-kat), v. t. lerseli- 
I'au, hniigkan* jernefil'an. 

Defecate, v. i. l)uarg-ayer bsar, Ic- 
!<iugai hmr.^ 

Defect (de-fekf), s. ('deficiency) 
h'l'vrargan; (imperfection, blem- 
ish) fdila, (JiacJiat, cJidra (Sk.). 

Defection (-fek'shim), s. (apos- 
tasy) murtad (Ar.) ; (abandon- 
ment of all eg-iance) kliianat (Ar.). 

Defective (-tiv), adj. (wantino, 
lacking) hurarg; (imperfect) ia'- 
smpurna, clidm (Sk.), herchachat. 

Defence (-fens'), s. (act of defend- 
ing) hal mmliharahan, lial mn- 
jaga: (state of being defended) 
pmliham'an; (that ^iiich defends) 
/indotgan, paj/ojg;* (answer or 
])lea) jatrah: (vindication, justifi- 
cation) hal mmhnarh'an dlri. 

Defenceless (-les), adj. tiada ter- 
litidoig. tiada pmlihara. 

Defend (-fend'), v. t. (protect) pli- 
harakan, jagakan (B.) ; (shelter) 
/ifidofgkan: (guard) jaga; (of a 
lawyer) tolorg birhara. 

Defendant (-ant), s. (one who de- 
fends) pmlihara; (who answers a 
cl large) yarg kna tudoh* oraty 
tndohafi* yarg kna d'aiva. 

Defensible " (-fen'si-bl), adj. yaig 

holeh di'jaga'i, yaig holeh di-plv- 
harakan; (justifiable) yaig holeh 

Defensive (-siv), adj. yaig mmli^ 
harakan, yaig mnjaga. 

Defer (-fer') v. t. (put off) taiggoh" 
kan/^ gnntorgkan, tempohkan, 
posponl-an (B.) (E.) ; (delay) 
tempohkan, lamhatkan. 

Defer, v. i. (submit) turut. To 
defer to a person's wishes, turut 
kahandak oraig. 

Deference ('def'er-6?ns), s. (sub- 
mission) lial rnnurut; (respect) 
h or mat, tlalini (Ar.). 

Deferential (-en'shal), adj. yarg 
tcrlalu mmhri liormat. 

Defiance (de-fl'ans), s. hal mmrg-^ 
kis^* hal nimkis* 

Defiant (-ant), adj. yarg mmrgkis,* 
hi ail la Iran. 

Deficiency (-fish'en-si), s. kkurarg- 

Deficient (-^nt), adj. kuratg, ta'-^ 

Deficit (def'i-sit), s. kkuratgan 

Defile (de-fir), v. t. chmarkan,'^ kO" 
torkan; (ceremonially) ^lajiskan 
(Ar.) ; (rape) riir/al* rosakkan 

Defile, s. jurarg,* Imhah yaiy sriipit, 

Defilement (-ment), s. (act of de- 
filing) hal mnckniarkan,^ hal m- 
najiskan (Ar.) ; (dirtiness) ^- 
rhniarati* kotor; (pollution) iia- 
yV.v (Ar.). 

Define (-fin'), v. t. (fix the bounds 
ot) perhiiggakan :* (mark out dis- 
tinctly) fyatakan, tntukan; (fix 
the meaning) arlikan, ni'anakan 
(Ar. m'and). 

Definite (def'i-nir), adj. (fixed, de- 
terminate) terlnin; (exact) Mid, 

Definition (-jiish/y/n), s. (deter- 
mination) ktntiinn: (explanation) 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror: old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minits, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tTien. 




Definitive (de-iln'i-tiv), adj. (de- 
terminate) tedntu; (conclusive) 
liarg mwutusl-an. 

Deflate (-flat'), v. t. 'kmpiskan. 

Deflect (-flekf), v. t. pesory* vlion- 
dro i(jka n, he Kjkol'l'cin . 

Deflected (-^?d), adj. pencJiorg,'^' 
hen/h>k (B.). 

Deflection (-flek'slum), s. pesorg,"^ 
chondronj, heigkol'. 

Deflower (-flow'er), v. t. rugnl/'' 
rosak'hin (B.). 

Deform (-form'), v. t. chargr/akan* 
romkkan rupa (B. ). 

Deformed (-formd'), adj.. charg- 
ga:* (as a leaf) kretut;'^ (Immp- 
backed) horgkok: (ot tl5e arm) 
rhergkorg^^ cheigkok (B.) : (of 
lingers) krokoi : (of tlie foot) ler- 

Deformity (-form'i-ti), s. chafgga* 

Defraud (-frawd'), v. t. iipn, per- 
ddi/akan.^ po ni e igka n . 

Defray (-fra'), v, t. bager, blanja- 

Deft (deft), adj. pandai, panfa.>t. 

Defunct (de-fuuokt'), adj. mam pus. 

Defy (-fi'), v. t. mrgkis* mkis* 

Degenerate (de-jen'er-at), v. i. 
jadi kurarg haik. liUatg haka, rosak 
iahi'at, rosak prargai. 

Degenerate (-et), adj. kiiratg baik, 
liina, kji.^ 

Degeneration (-a'sli?/n), s. krosak- 
'an pratyai, lial ran jadi kuraig 

Degradation (deir'rrt-da'slu/n), s. 
(act of degTadin^r) l^al mrnchaU 
kan, hal rnrnda/ikan, lial m t git in a- 
kan; (state ot bein<r de^iraded) hal 
ferprhatj^ krndahan, kahina'an. 

Degrade (de-grad')^ v. t. (reduce 
in rank) ttniinkan : (remove from 
< )tiice ) pch a i ;* ( in reputation ) rn- 
daJikan; (in character) hinakan. 

Degree (-gre'), s. pargkat; (Xaut. 
on a compass card) mata pdoman. 

By degrees, herpargkat-paiykaf, 

Deification (de'i-fi-ka'sliiin), s. hal 

nijyainakan dfyan Allah. 
Deify (-fi), v. t. mntakan dtyan 

Tulian, horinati sania spertl yaig 

patid bayi Allah. 
Deign (dan), v. i. (think worthy) 

herknan, sudi; (condescend) tun^ 

dak, rndahkau diri. 
Deism (de'izm), s. ayama orary 

yaty perchaya Allah, tiaffi iiada 

perchaya Kitab. 
I Deist (-i"^t), s. oraty yary perrhaya 

Allah, dan iiada perchaya Kitab. 
Deity (-i-ti), s. (divinity) ktidian' 

an;'^ (a heatlien god) dewa, devi, 

ilah (Ay. pi. aJihah), The Deity, 

Deject (dc-jekf). v. t. taivarkan 

Dejection (-jek'sh;/n), s. taivar 

Delay (-la'), v. t. (put off) tary- 

yohkan* posponkan (B.) (E.) ; 

(retard) lambatkan, leryahkan : 

(hinder) yndalakan,^ aralkan* 

(Ar. 'aradl), tahankan. 
Delay, v. i. letgah, lamhat. 
Delay, s. (procrastination) leryah; 

(postponement) tempoh, farggoh :* 

(hindrance) «?•«/* (Ar. Uiradl)^ 

gndala^ (Sk. kndala). 
Delegate (del'e-gat), v. t. (send as 

ambassador) tiiuskanf^ (entrust 

with power) wakilkan. 
Delegate (-get), s. (person sent) 

utasan,^ surohan; (person elected) 

Delegation (-ga'slnm), s. (act of 

delegating) hal m?gatuskan,f hal 

riiicakilkan ; (persons delegated) 

orarg utnsan^' oraig surohan, orarg 

Delete (de-lef), v. t. hapuskan, 

bunoh, potorg, paraig ; (with a 

cross) paigkali. 

ate, ask, am, finrtl, eiire. car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; did, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mim/s, cure, injure, 

Mrry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Deleterious (del'e-ter'i-tfs), adj. 
yarg mndatargkan hnchana, yaix) 
inrosahkan, yaiy mmhinasakan ; 
(noxious) 7nabok. 

Deliberate (de-lib'er-at), y. i. tim' 
haiy, herbicJiara, fikir; (as a 
council) hermaslmarat (Ar.), her- 
rundirg, herronderg (B.), 1) crura-, 

Deliberate (-et), adj. (with care- 
ful consideration) dryan heritgaU 
irgat; (cautious) jimat; (slow) 
perlakan-lalian,'^ plan-plan. 

Deliberately (-li), adv. see above; 
also (intentionally) digan sigaja. 

Deliberation (-a'sh/^n), s. iigat- 
irgat, timharg-mnimharg. 

Delicacy (del'i-ka-si), s. hsdapan, 
hihalusan, Idmalian, etc., as below ; 
also (dainties) n'emat (Ar.). 

Delicate (-ket), adj. (pleasing? to 
the senses) sdap, lazat (Ar.) ; 
(fine, not coarse) lialus, ghuj^ 
sni;* (slender) rampirg* tints j"^ 
(soft and smooth) Inihot; (of 
colour) muda; (refined, pjentle) 
lialus-manis, Iniah-lmhot; (of 
health) Imah, Ita iulatg* 'udzur 
(Ar.) ; (requirinp^ careful hand- 
ling) sukar,'^ mushkil (Ar.). 

Delicious (de-lish't/s), adj. (to the 
taste) sdap, lazat (Ar.), n'eniat 
(Ar.), enak (Jav.) ; (to the smell) 
liarum* tuarcji. 

Delight (-lit'), s. snkachita, k- 
svkaan, kgmaran;^ (of the sen- 
ses) n'emat (Ar.). 

Delight, V. t. sukakan, gmarkan.^ 

Delight, V. i. snka, gmar* herknan. 

Delightful (-fool), adj. yarg m- 
n/tikakan, yarg miggmarkan/'' 
sdap, lazat (Ar.). 

Delineate (de-lin'i-at),- v. t. tnlis, 
gamharkan. ptakan,* sifatkan 

Delineation (-a'sh/zn), s. (act of 
delineating) Jial nntuli^, etc., as 
above; (picture, representation) 

tulisan, gamhar, pta* sifat (Ar. 

Delinquency (-ling'kwen-si), s. 
(omission of duty) lalai, k'dlpa- 
'an;"^ (fault) ksalalian; (crime) 

Delinquent (-kwent), s. (one who 
neglects his duty) orarg alpa;* 
(transgressor) omrg salah, orarg 

Delirious (-lir'i-?/s), adj. terigan- 
igau,'^ mrapek (B.). 

Delirium (-wm), s. igau/^ mrapek 
(B.), igan-iga.uan,'^ lachau.* De- 
lirium tremens, glla mabok. 

Deliver (-liv'er), v. t. (liberate, set 
free) Ipaskan, luputkan/' hebas- 
kan; (from slavery) merdheka- 
kan;* (save) slamatkan; (give, 
hand over) srahkan, sampaikan; 
(give forth) kluarkan; (in child 
birth) sambot anak. To be de- 
livered of (bring forth), beranak- 
kan, lahirkan^ (Ar. tldhir). 

Deliverance (-ans), s. (rescue) 
klpasan, khiputan,'^^ kbebasan, sla- 
mat, kmerdheka'an;* as above. 

Deliverer (-er), s. yaig mlpaskan. 

Delivery (-i), s. (handing over) 
srahan, hal rnnjrah, hal nmjampai- 
kan; (style of utterance) bacha- 
'an, uchapafi; (childbirth) hal 

Dell (del), s. hnbah kcliil. 

Delta (del'ta), s. iauah 'nap* di 
kuala swgai, kuala yaig mrganjnr 

Delude (de-lfuV), v. t. tipu, per- 

Deluded (-^d). adj. iperdaya* 

Deluge (del'uj), s. (overflowing of 
land) ayer sbak/^ ayer kojoh* 
'mpolian;* (rush of flood water) 
ayer bah.; (in Noah's time) tofan* 
(Ar. Taufan). 

Deluge, v. t. (overflow, overwhelm) 
liputi* jrami* tuiopkan (B.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carrj'; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thiu then. 




Delusion (de-liVzhwn), s. (decep- 
tion) tipti-daj/a: (state of bein.2; 
deluded) kssaian; (false belief) 

Delusive (-siv), adj. yarg mrysat- 

Delve (delv), v. i. gall, charghol, 

Demagogue (demVgog), s. prgasut 
orarghina-dina* piganjur r'ayat* 

Demand (de-mand'), v. t. (ask for 
with authority) tuntut; (for pay- 
ment of debt) turggu, tag eh;* 
(question) iatya, taryal'an; (re- 
quire, necessitate) wajib (Ar.) ; 
as, this affair demands an explan- 
ation^ wajib-lali mnjatal^an hal int. 

Demand, s. (askinpr with authority) 
tuntutan. It is in ^reat demand, 
sargat di-timint a/can dia; sargat 
di-kahandaki akan dia. Goods in 
demand, haratg yarg laku, dagarg- 
an yarg lakii;"^ also laris* and la- 

Demarcate (de'mar-kat), v. t. per- 
hirggakan* tntiikan smpadan, SU" 
kat tanah. 

Demarcation (-ka'shi^n), s. pei'- 
khgga'an*, smpadan. 

Demean (de-men'), v. t. (behave) 
lakukan; (debase, deajrade) hina- 
kan, kjikan* 

Demeanour (-er), s. (behaviour) 
klakiian, pkerti (Sk.) ; (bearing, 
mien ) sikap. 

Demented (-ment'ed), adj. nanar* 

Demerit (de-mer'it), s. (that which 
deserves blame) yarg patut di-chla, 
kchla'an; (fault) ksalalian. 

Demesne (de-men'), s. kamporg 
oraig hsar-hsar. 

Demigod (dem'i-f^od), s. chndra 

Demijohn (-jon), s. kndi kacha* 

Demise (de-miz'), v. t. (bequeath) 
tvasiatkan* (Ar. wasiyat). 

Demise, s. (transfer of the crown) 

kpindahan pargkat raja; (death 

of royalty) margkat* 
Democracy (de-mok'ra-si), s. preri' 

talian orarg ramai. 
Democratic (dem'o-krat'ik), adj. 

chara prentahan ramai. 
Demolish (de-mol'ish), v. t. rom- 

hak, rohoh, ruhoh (B.), ritntoh. 
Demolition (dem'o-lish'-wn), s. k- 

romhak'an, krobohan, kruntohan. 
Demon (de'mon), s. ji7i (Ar.) ; 

(evil spirits) hantu-shaitan ; see 


Demoniac (de-mo'ni-ak), s. orarg 
yarg di-rasok jin* oraig yarg kna 

Demoniacal (dem'o-ni'a-kal), adj, 
hantu-shaitan (a). 

Demonstrate (dem'on-strat or de- 
mon'strat), v. t. (point out) tun^ 
jokkan; (show, prove) ryatakan, 

Demonstration (dem'on-stra'shi^n), 
s. (exhibition) pertunjok'an; 
(proof) kiyataan, ktratgan. 

Demonstrative (de-mon'stra-tiv) , 
adj. yarg mryatakan, yaiy mmwg- 

Demoralization (de-mor'd-i-za'- 
sh?/n), s. chabol* luchali; see be- 

Demoralize (-iz), v, t, (make im- 
moral) chabolkan,* luchahkan, 
kasi orarg jadi jahat (B.) ; (cause 
to lose heart) tawarkan hati, 
Irgit* Irgek (B.). 

Demur (-mer'), v. i. (pause, delay) 
bertarggoh;* (object to, take ex- 
ception to) 'rggan.* 

Demure (-mfir'), adj. sopan, sopan- 

Demurrage (-mur'rej), s. blanja 
sbab iarggoh.* 

Demurrer (-miir'rer), s. terhnti- 

Demy (-mi'), s. ukoran kertas. 

Den (den), s. (cave) goa, grorg- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min«s, cure, injure 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful) : law, how, oil; thin then. 




garg :* (squalid haunt) pondol'. 
Gambling den, logok judi. 

Denial (de-ni'al). s. (ne<ration) 
ktidak'an; (contradiction) bantak- 
an,* hal mmhantahi;* (refusal to 
grant) 'rggan* tgahan; (refusal 
to acknowledge, disavowal) pnjarg- 
l-alan, mnigkir (Ar. tnunhir). 

Denizen (den'i-zn), s. anak negri. 

Denominate (de-nom'i-nat), v. t. 
riatnai* namakan, hri nania, shot. 

Denomination (-nfi'sli^/n), s. (epi- 
thet) diotan; (name) nama; 
(class, category) jnis, paiglcat; 
(sect) madzhah (Ar.). 

Denote (-ndf), v. t. njatakan, ianda- 

Denounce (-nowns'), v. r. (proclaim 
as guilt v) sahihl'an,tudoli:* (cen- 
sure) cilia. 

Dense (dens), adj. (crowded to- 
gether) heraxak-asak, ssak, rapat; 
(compact) jnampat; (of rain, 
fruit, etc.) Ibat; (of foliage) 
rimhun* rendarg; (stupid) diguj^ 

Density (den'si-ti), s. kssak'an^ 
krapafan, etc., as above. 

Dent (dent),' s. (hollow) Jkok, 
kmek* kpek;* (notch) smiibiig, 
somherg (B.). 

Dent, V. t. Indoig* Ikokkan, hmek- 
kan* sjunhirgkan, as above. 

Dental (den'tal), adj. gigi (a). 
JJental surgeon, doktor gigi, tukarg 

Dentifrice (den'ti-fris), s. nhat p- 
njugh'* podar gigi* ohai gigi. 

Dentist (den'tist), s. iukau] gigi. 

Dentistry (-tis-tri), s. pkerjaan 
tukarg gigi. 

Dentition (den-tish'y/n), s. twmhoh 

Denude (de-nud'), v. t. (make 
bare) tlanjaujkan, huka; (of hair 
or trees) gondolkan; (of leaves) 

Denunciation '(de-nun'si-a'shi/n). 

an; see de- 

s. tiidolian* kchlai 


Deny (-nf), v. t. (contradict, de- 
clai'o untrue) duHakan* haniahi* 
tidakkan, katakan hukan (B.) ; 
(refuse to grant, withhold) 'rg- 
gankan* tgah; (disown, disavow, 
repudiate) satgkal. 

Depart (-part'), v. i. (go away) 
pergi; (retire, retreat) undor; 
(start on a journey) herjaJan, her- 
toJak, berargkat (B.) ; (of prin- 
ces) berargkat; (pass away) hi- 
Jnrg: (die) mnirggal;* (take ones 
leave) bermoJion* winta diri* 
To depart from (foisake), tirggaU 
kan; (desist or deviate from) 

Department (-ment), s. (sul)divi- 
siou) b/iag'ian; (of official duty) 
jawatan,* pjabat kraja'an* pgarg- 
an, pkerja'an; (territory) jajaJi^ 

Departure (-par'chur), s. (act of 
going) pnigian/^ pnirggalan; 
(death) kmatian; (abandonment 
of a plan or purpose) hal mnirg- 
ga/kan. A new departure, perkara 
i/aig bliaru. After my departure, 

Depend (-pend'), v. i. (rely) ber- 
ganto)g, chadanj;* (trust, confide) 
harap, perchaya. It all depends 
upon you, atas aigkau-lali perkara 
ini. It depends on the state of 
the tide, ikut pasarg surut-rya. 

Dependence (-ens), s. (state of 
depending) hal bergantorg, hal 
perchaya; (mutual relation) pri 
kna-mnjna; (subjection) pri faloh 

Dependency (-en-si), s. (subject 
state) negri yatg falok (Ar.). 

Dependent (-ent), adj. (hang- 
ing down) bergantoig; also see 
ttaxg; (relying on) bergantorg, 
herhamp, tiada bebas; (of nations) 
falok (Ar.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it fire 
mirror;^ old, not connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, iniuie. ' 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Dependent, s. andk hiiah; (retain- 
er) pryirinj/^ 

Depict (-pikf), v. t. (portray) ru- 
pal-an, gamharlwi, sifatkan (Ar.) ; 
(describe iu words) chritakan. 

Deplete (-plef), v. t. hmpal'an,* 

Deplorable (-plorVbl), adj. 
(lamentable) yarg patut di-ssal- 
l-an; (calamitous) malarg, cMaka, 

Deplore (-plur') v. t. (feel sorrow 
for) hersusak alcan; (lament^ re- 
gret) ssaR-an. 

Deploy (-ploi'), v. i. t. (of troops) 
riggarg, rtggaigl-an. 

Deponent (-po'nent), s. orarg yarg 
hersal'S% yaig mmhuat surat sum- 
pah . 

Depopulate (de-pop'ii-lat), v. t. 
(destroy popid'ation) tumpaskan 
isi negri; (reduce population) 
hurargkan isi negri, sunjikan. 

Deport (de-port/), v. t. (carry 
away, transport) htiarg, pindali- 
kan, njahkan;'^ (behave) herlakii,* 
lakukan dlrij^ hawa diri. 

Deportment (-ment), s. (conduct) 
laku* kJakuan; (bearing) sHcap, 

Depose (-pos'), v. t. (dethrone) 
pchat;'^ (testify) hersaksi, naik 

Deposit (-poz'it), v. t. (lay down) 
Itak; (put, place) buholi, taroli; 
(put away) taroJi, simpan; (com- 
mit, intrust) ptarolikan/^ sralikan. 

Deposit, s. (sediment, of earth) 
tanah 'nap;* (dregs) ham pas, kla- 
dak* krak (B.) ; (for safe keep- 
ing) ptarohan;* (as security) cha- 
garan* tcarg chagah (B.). 

Depositary (-er-i), s. pnaroh* 

Deposition (de'po-zish'wn), s. (act 
of deposing or depositing) hal 
her saksi, hal mm chat * hal mltak, 
etc., see above; (sediment) see 
deposit; (statement, declaration) 

Depositor (de-poz'i-ter), s. orarg 
yarg ptarohkan* orarg yarg simpan 
warg (B.). 

Depository (-to-ri), s. tmpat p- 
tarohan* orarg ptarohan* 

Depot (dep'o, u. s. de'po), s. 
(warehouse) nudarg; (military 
station) tmpat kdiidokan soldado; 
(U. S.) tmpat perhntian kreta api. 

Deprave (de-prav'), yA. rosakkan, 

Depraved (-pravd'), s. kji* rosak. 

Depravity (-prav'i-ti), s. kjahatan^ 
kkjian* chabol* luchah. 

Deprecate (dep're-kat), v. t. (ex- 
press disapproval) chia; (express 
regret) sbotkan pri tiada herknan. 

Depreciate (de-pre'shi-at), v. t. 
pandarg mudah* permiidahkan* 
pandarg rergan, pertidakkan, cha- 
pak* chuai* 

Depreciate, v. i. tiiruji herga. 

Depreciation (-a'shzm), s. hal m- 
mandarg rnudah, etc., see above. 

Depreciatory (-a-to-ri), adj. ya?g 
mmandarg mudah, etc. see above. 

Depredate (dep're-dat), v. t. samon, 
rampas, rompak* 

Depredation (-da'shwn), s. prya- 
monan, prampasan, prompak'an* 

Depress (de-pres'), v. t. (press 
down) tkan; (cause to sink) tim- 
dokkan; (bring down, humble) 
rndahkan: (sadden) sndukan* 
hrgokkan* mashghulkan (Ar.) ; 
(make dull, as trade) kurargkan; 
(lower, as the muzzle of a gun) 
tun jam* 

Depressed (-presf), adj. '(dis- 
pirited) susah hati, sndu* hrgok* 
mashghvl (Ar.). 

Depression (-presh'i/n), s. (act of 
depressing) hal mnkan, etc., see 
depress; (state of being depress- 
ed) krndakan, mashghid (Ar.), 
sndu* hrgok;* (cavity) kmek,* 
Ikok; (valley) Imbah. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Deprivation (dop'ri-va'shwn), s. 
(loss) krugian. 

Deprive (de-piiv'), v. t. (bereave, 
as of children) huluskan;^ (take 
away) rbot, rampas; (make an 
end of) putuskan, liilargkan; 
(debar, shut out from) tgali. De- 
prived of life, putiis-7yaiva. De- 
prived of office, terpchat* hilcny 
pairjkat (B.). 

Depth (depth), s. dalam. 

Deputation (dep'u-ta'shwn), s. (act 
of deputing) hal mwakillian, hal 
7nnisan; (delegation) oranj suroh- 
an, oranj pilehan. 

Depute (de-puf), v. t. (as agent) 
toaJcilkan, bri Iniasa; (commission) 
psan; (appoint) ttitul-an. 

Deputy (dep'u-ti), s. pmaiylm, 
orarg gantian. 

Derail (de-ral'), v. t. hochilhan'^ 
den landasan hreta a pi. 

Derange (de-ranf), v. t. (dis- 
arrange) I'acliau, husutl'an, haru- 
hirukan, * klam-kah o tkan . 

Deranged (-ranjd'), adj. (crazy) 
nanar* kmsaran. 

Derangement (-ranj'm^nt), g. 
haru-hiru* kJam-kabot, champur- 
haur* champvr-ganl. 

Derelict (der'e-likt), s. (abandoned) 
ktirggalan, tertirggal; (careless, 
neglectful) lalai, alpa (Sk.). 

Dereliction (-lik'sht/n), s. (aban- 
donment) lial wnirggalkan; (ne- 
glect) lalai, alpa (Sk.). 

Deride (de-rid'), v. t. (laugh at) 
tertawakan; (scoff at) olok-olok- 

Derision (-rizli'wn), s. olok-olok. 

Derivable (-riv'a-bl), adj. yary 
daiarg, yarg holeli di-datargkan. 

Derivation (der'i-va'shwn), s. k- 
turunan, asal. 

Derivative (de-riv'a-tiv), adj. yarg 
terhit deri-pada* yaig daiarg deri- 

Derive (-rlv'), v. t. (got from a 

source) dalntykan, ierbit* ber- 
ohhf (trace the derivation) 
iraiyknn kturunan. 

Derogate (dcr'o-ofit), v. i. To dero- 
gate from, kchilkan, kuraiykan. 

Derogatory (de-rog'a-to-ri), adj. 
yaiy miychilkan, yary mryhinakan, 
yary inrosakkan. 

Derrick (der'rik), s. (Xaut.) tiarg 

Dervish (der'vish), s. orary per- 
iapa* oranj bertapa, darwis 

Descant (des-kanf) v. i. (sing) 
■ryanji; (discourse, comment) ber- 
kata-kata, bertufor. 

Descend (de-send'), v. i. (come or 
go down) turun; (plunge or jump 
down) terjun; (go down stream) 
liilir;''^ (to a humble state) twn- 
dok; (be derived from) turun. 

Descendant (-ant), s. kturunan, 
bneli, anak-chncliu, anak pinak.* 
The following words express des- 
cendants of the first five gener- 
ations, anak, cliucliu, cliichit, 
pint* onery-onery* or plat;* Ba- 
bas use olery-ohry for the fourth 

Descent (-sent'), s. (act of descend- 
ing) hal mnnrun, hal mnerjun, 
hilir;* (attack) ptyraiyan;* (ex- 
traction, lineage) baka, bneh, k- 
turunan; (declivity) cliuraman. 

Describe (-skrib'), y. t. (draw, 
delineate) tulis, lukis, sifatkan 
(Ar.) ; (by words) chritakan, 
rnchanakan* pril-an,'* njatakan, 

Description (-skrip'sh?m), s. (act 
of describing) hal mmdis, etc., as 
above ; (sketch, representation) 
tulimn, si fat (Ar.) ; (by words) 
chriia, knjaia'an; (class, kind, 
sort) jnis, bagai* macham.. 
Descriptive (-tiv), adj. yarg m- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car. carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Descry (-skri'), v. t. (discern) 
nanipaJo, tampak;'^ (reco.i^nise) Ic- 

Desecrate (des'e-krat), v. t. (divest 
of sacred office) pchat;'^ (profane) 
najiskan (Ar.), kjikan.^ 

Desecration (-kra'shwn), s. lial 
iiiiacJiat/^ hal innajiskan (Ar.). 

Desert (dez'ert), adj. suryi, hlati- 

Desert, s. (solitary place) ianali 
siuyi; (uncultivated land) tandh 
hlantara* rimha hlantara,^ hidan 
hlantara;'^ (sandy plain) padary 

Desert (de-zerf), s. (reward) pa- 
haJ-a; (that which is deserved) 
patut, hpatutan, yarg laijak; 
(merit) jasa (Sk.). 

Desert, v. t. tirggalkan, huatykan, 
haiyaikan,'^ h rgkalaikan . * 

Desert, v. i. Jari; (and go over to 
the enemy) belot. 

Deserted (-ed), adj. kilty galan, ter- 

Deserter (-er), s. plari/^ pmhelot; 
see DESERT, V. i. 

Desertion (-zer'shwn), s. (act of 
forsaking) hal niniryyalkan; (ab- 
sconding) plarian. 

Deserve (-zerv'), v. t. patut mil- 
dapat, patut kna, harus kna, patut 
di — , as, patut di-hri parykat, he 
deseiTes promotion. 

Deservedly (-ed-li), adj. dryan s- 
patut-iya, diyan s-harus-rya. 

Deserving (-ing), adj. patut, harus. 

Desiccate (des'i-kat), v. t. krinjkan. 

Desideratum (de-sid'e-ra'ti^m), s. 
(lack, want) klcuratyan, fiajat 

Design (-zin'), v. t. (delineate) tu- 
lis, lukiskan, ptakan;* (designate, 
appoint) tandakan, tntukan; (cre- 
ate, jnvent) adakan; (intend, pur- 
pose) kaliandaki* niat; (of God) 
tahdir (Ar.). 

Design, s. tulimn, pta,'^ kaliandak, 

niat, takdir (Ar.), as above; also 
(intention) kasad (Ar.), maksud. 
By design, sryaja. Design for a 
house, rimha-rimba rumah,'^' plan 
rumah (B.) (E.). 

Designate (des'ig-nat), v. t. (mark 
out) tandakan; (show, indicate) 
tun j ok, njatakan; (name) ylar, 
nama'i,'^ shot; (appoint) tntukan; 
(select) pileh. 

Designation (-na'sh?/n), s. (act of 
designating) hal innandakan, etc., 
as above; (that which designates) 
tanda, kryata'an, nama, ktntuan, 
ylar an. 

Designedly (de-zm'gd-li), adv. 
sryaja, dryan sryaja. 

Designer (-er), s. pnulis pta* 
oraty yary mlukis, yary miyada- 

Designing (-ing) adj. haryak 'akal, 
cherdek, panjary 'akal. 

Desirable (-zlr'a-bl), adj. yaiy di- 
kahandaki, yary di-ymari,'^ yary 
di-sulcai, herknan. 

Desire (-zir), v. t. man, hndak, ka- 
handaki, sualak, suka; (earnest- 
ly) iryin, rindu; (request) minta, 

Desire, s. mau, kaliandak, suka, ¥- 
iiyinan, krinduan, niat, maksud, 
hajat* (Ar. iidjat), hasrat* (Ar. 

Desirous (-us), adj. herkahandak, 
suka, rindu. 

Desist (de-sisf), v. i. herhnti, Ipas. 

Desk (desk), s. (for writing) meja 
tulis; (lectern) inimhar^ (Ar. 
rninhar) ; '.(bookstand for Kor'an) 
rihal (Ar.). 

Desolate (des'o-let), adj. (uninha- 
bited) suryi; (forsaken) kilty yaU 
an; (desolated, ruined) rosak. 

Desolate (-lat), v. t. (lay waste) 
rosakka n, h inasakan . 

Desolation (-la'shtm), s. kbinasa- 
'an, krosak'an. 

-ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

niirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Despair (de-?]mr'), t. i. putus ha- 
rap, putus* 

Despair, s. imtus liarap, putus asa.^ 

Despatch (-^pach'), v. t. see dis- 

Desperado (des'per-a'do), s. oraiy 
qaraig, oranj nekat,'^' samseng 

Desperate (-et), adj. (beyond 
hope) yarg putus harap; (of di- 
sease) tiaila tersnihoh,'^ taholeh 
haik (B.) : (reckless) tiada rmg- 
indalikaih hahya,'^ fa da irgat-irgat 
(B.) ; (very hazardous) sargat her- 

Desperation (-a'sih?/n), ?, (state of 
despair) ptl putus haraj), pri putus 

Despicable (des'pi-ka-bl), Q(\j.liiua, 
terhiua, kji* 'a\h (Ar.). 

Despise (de-spiz'), v. t. liinakan, 
kjikmi* 'aibkan (Ar.), tiada mrg- 
indnhkan, pandaig inudali* te- 
rgok ta'mata (B.). 

Despite (-spit'), s. (spite) d}gki; 
(malicious auo-er) gram. 

Despite, prep, jikalau. . . .skali pun, 
muggoli pun. mski pun. Despite 
his youth, jikalau muda skali pun. 

Despoil (-spoil'), v. t. ram pas, sa- 

Despond (-spoud'), v. i. tawar hall, 
jadi hacliol/'' 

Despondency (-^n-si), s. gondah* 
tawar liati. 

Despondent (-cut), adj. gondalt,'^^ 
goudah gaulana* tawar liati. 

Despot (des'pot), s. pmrentali yarg 
chukop kuasa-nja, pmrentali yaiy 
tiada terhiv/gakan* kuasa-nja, 
orarg tlalim (Ar.), ptganiaya. 

Despotic (des-pot'ik), adj. yarg 
tiada terhiiggakan* kuasa-nja, tla- 
lim (Ar.), prganiaya. 

Despotism (des'po-tizm), s. kuasa 
yarg tiada ierhi/yga* aniaya, tla- 
lim (Ar.). 

Dessert (dez-zerf), s. sajian* huah* 
buali dan marman, pnjuchi mulut. 

Destination (des'ti-na'shwu), s. 
(act of appointing) hal mnntukan; 
(purpose, ultimate design) ka- 
handak; (place aimed at) tmpat 
orarg hndak pergi, hujorg perjalarw 

Destine (des'tin), v. t. (appoint;^ 
determine) tntukan; (of God) 
takdirkan (Ar.), hukumkan (B.). 

Destiny (-i), s. (predetermined 
state, fate) nasib, untorg, untorg 
nasih; (God's fixed order) takdir 
(Ar.) ; (fixed time of death) aial 

Destitute (des'ti-tut), adj. (defi- 
cient, lacking) kurarg, kkuraryan- 
(needy, very poor) papa* miskin- 
pupa* tiada herupaf/a* barqsaf 

Destitution (-tCi'shzm), s. kkurarg^ 
an, k papa;' an,* hal bargsat (B.). 

Destroy (de-stroi'), *t. t. (pull 
down, as buildings) rornbak, roboh- 
kan, pcliah: (ruin, spoil) rosak^ 
kan. binasakan, punahkan;* (hring- 
to naught, annihilate) tiadakan, 
liapuskan, turn pas, jliannamkanx 
(put an end to, kill) habiskariy 

Destroyer (-er), s. pmbinasa; 
(Xaut.) kapal prarg kcJiil yary 
terlalu laju. 

Destruction (-strnk'sh?/n), s. k^ 
TO ui bak'a u , krosaVan, kb inasa'ari/ 

see DK.STROY. 

Destructive (-tiv), adj. yatg m* 
rosakkau, yarg mmbinasakan. 

Desuetude (des'we-tud), s. (dis- 
use) lial tiada pakai lagl; (eessa* 
tion) kputusan. 

Desultory (des'ul-to-ri), adj. (dis- 
connected) putus-putus, tiada ttap; 
(unmethodical) tiada bpcraturan. 

Detach (de-tach'), v. t. cliraikan,. 
asirgkan* sblalikan, pnchilkan,* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ioe, it, fire^ 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use. us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Detachable (-a-bl), adj. (not 
lixed) wniJatarfi. 

Detachment (-ment), s. (of 
tro(>[)s) pasohan. 

Detail (de-tal'), v. t. rnchanakan,* 
hitah-an. satu-satu, prikanf^ butir- 

Detail (de'tal or de-tal'), s. (parti- 
culars, small parts) sgala hal, hal- 
fhunl-^ (At. ouirdl, pi. of Ml), 
sf/ala pri-hal, hulir* In detail, 

Detain (de-tan'), v. t. (restrain, 
keep back, withhold) tgah, tahan; 
(delay) lamhatl-an- : (keep in cus- 
tody) pnjaraJi'an* IrurorgJcan. 

Detect (-tekf), v. t. (discover, find 
out) dapat, da pat tahu ; (brincf to 
light) njatakan. To be detected, 
kdnpatan hudl* kna taigkap, da- 
pat di -J ill at. 

Detection (-tek'shwn), s. pnda/mf- 
an, kiyata'an. 

Detective (-tiv), s. mata-mata glap. 
I Detention (-ten'slum), s. (act of 
detaining) lial mngali* Jial m- 
7iaJian : (state of being detained) 
1ml di'tgah, hal di -tahan, lial dl- 
lambatkan; (continement) phgit- 
an* kpnjara'an* hal kna j el (E.). 

Deter (-ter'), v. t. (prevent by fear) 
kjotkan, ftrekkan.^ 

Detergent (-jent). s. ohat ptyuchi. 

Deteriorate (de-ter'i-o-rat), v. t. 
hurokkan, rosakkan; (by friction) 

Deteriorate, v. i. bertamhah rosak, 
bertambah burok. 

Deterioration (-ra'shf/n), s. hal 
burok, k rosak' an, havs. 

Determinable (de-ter'mi-na-bl), 
adj. i/arg boleh di-tntukan. 

Determinate (-net), adj. tertnin. 

Determination (-na'?h?m), s. per- 
hirggaan.^ ktniuan. kpntusan, see 
below; also (intention, purpose) 
maksud. kasad'^ (Ar. qamd), niat, 
'azam (Ar.), hatkad {A.r. *itiqdd). 

Determine (-min), v. t. (fix limits) 
peril Ifggakan;* (settle) tntukan; 
(shape, prescril^e) sifatkan (Ar.) ; 
(ascertain) tntukan: (bring to a 
conclusion) ptituskan, sUalkan, 
.<li^ekan (B.) : (resolve, have fixed 
intention) tntukan, niatkan. 

Deterrent (-ter'rent), adj. yaig 
nitgrek* yarg mrgjot. 

Detest (-test'), v. t. bnchi, bnchi 

Detestable ,(-a-bl), adj. kbnchian. 

Detestation (de'tes-ta'shi/n), s. 
bnchi, gli-gm((n,^ gli-gmam (B.). 

Dethrone (de-thron'), v. t. pcJiat- 
kan deri-pada taklita kraja'an,*' 
iurunkan deri-pada taklita kraja- 
'an,"^ turunkan- deri-pada krosi raja 

Detonate (det'o-nat), v. i. Hop. 

Detonation (-na'slmn), s. Itopan. 

Detonator (-nfi-ter), s. kep (E. 
cap ) . 

Detour (dfi-toor'), s. jalan berblit. 

Detract (de-trakt'),' v. t. (take 
away) kurargkan, potorg; (de- 
fame) urn pat. 

Detriment (det'ri-iuf^nt), s. yaiy 
ill u data ufkan ruqi, bnchana, mu- 
diarat (Ar.). 

Detrimental (-men'tal), adj. yarg 
rn rosakka n , yarq m m bri mudlarat 

Devastate (dev'«s-tat), v. t. rosak- 
kan, binamkan, trgkarapkan* (Ar. 

Devastation (-ta'shun), s. krosak- 
'an, kbinasa'an. 

Develop (de-veVop), v. t. (make 
known or visible) njatakan: (give 
forth, produce) kluarkan; (to un- 
fold, as a bud) knibargkan; (cause 
to advance or increase) niajukan* 
luaskan, tambahi. 

Develop, v. i. (as a flower) kmharg; 
(as a leafbud) be mas;* (grow) 
tuniboh : (advance) maju.* 

Development (-ment), s. (act of 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 

mirror: old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, miniis, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




developing) hal miyalakan, etc., 
as above; (developed state) I'hm- 
hahjaii, kfumhohaii,, kmajiian,'^ 
Deviate (de'vi-at), v. i. (turn aside) 
semparg, mniempaiy, mnpi; (stray) 
ssat; (diver^^e) pcnchorg* len- 
choiy; (vary, as a compass) sni- 

Deviation (-a'sln/n), s. hal miijem- 
parg, iniysat, etc., as above. 

Device (de-vis'), s. (project, 
scheme) upaya* daya,* daya^ 
upayar (artifice) daya* 'alcal, 
elah* {At. iiilah) ; (emblematic 
design) Udamat (Ar.), rajali* 

Devil (dev'l), s. ihlis, setan (Ar. 
sfiai'vdn) ; (evil spirit) jin. 

Devil, v. t. (cook with Cavenne pep- 
per) delwlc'' (E.). 

Devilfish (-fish), s. doyalc r^ (small- 
er) Icreia* sotovj, see cuttlefish. 

Devilish (-ish), adj. cliara iblvi, 
sliaitan (a). A devilish business, 
pJcerja'an sliaitan. 

Devilry (-ri), s. Tdahuan yarg jaliat 
si- all, Ichnjisan. 

Devious (de'vi-?/.s), adj. yairj m- 
njemparg, yarg mlenchorg, seni- 

Devise (de-viz'), v. t. (invent, 
scheme) upayalvan/^ chari 'alcal; 
(work out) relca,"^ adakan; (give 
by will) wasiatkan* (Ar. wasiyat). 

Devoid (-void'), adj. (lacking) 
kurarg, herknraig, drgan iiada. 

Devolve (-volv'), v. t. (hand down) 
srahkan, pidargkan. 

Devolve, v. i. pidarg, jatoJi. 

Devote (-vof), v. t. (by vow) niat- 
kan; (consecrate) knduskan* 
(Ar. qudiis) ; (to destruction) 
tntiikan akan hinasa. To devote 
one's self (give attention to), her- 
tkun, hersurggoh-surggoh, her- 

Devoted (-ed), adj. (loyal) her- 
hakti (Sk.) ; (strongly attached) 

lersargkot hail ; (zealous) ia'at*" 
(Ar. laai). 

Devotee (dov'o-te'), s. oraig her-^ 
hakti (Sk.), orarg her'ihadat 

Devotion (de-vo'sht/n), s. (strong 
affection) kaseJi-sayaiy , chinta; 
(loyalty) hakti (Sk.); (in re- 
ligion) 'ihadat (Ar.) ; (prayer) 
do a, smhaliyaig (B.) ; (earnest- 
ness) tkmi, ta'af^ (Ar. Taat). 

Devotional (-fll), adj. berhakti 

Devour (de-vowr'), v. t. (eat greed- 
ily) tlan, gasak, majoh,* char op :'^ 
(consume, destroy) makan hahis,. 

Devout (-vowf), adj. (pious) her^ 
hakti (Sk.), her ihadat (Ar.), her- 
iman (Ar.), mu'inin (Ar.) ; (sin- 
cere) surggoh hati, Udus hati. 

Devoutly (-li), adv. (piously) 
digan hakti (Sk.) ; (sincerely) 
drgan s-suiggoh-rya, drgan s-hnar" 

Dew (du), s. 'mhun. 

Dewlap (dii'lap), s. glamhir, gla- 

Dewy (-i), adj. her'mhun. 

Dexterity (deks-ter'i-ti), s. kpantas^ 
an, dialcatan.* 

Dexterous (deks'ter-?zs) , adj. pan^ 
fas, cliakatan* ahli (Ar.). 

Diabetes (dl'a-be'tez), s. knchirrf 
man is. 

Diabolical (-boTi-kd), adj. chara 
iJjlis, amat hrgisf^ sargat hrgis. 

Diacritical (-krit'i-kal), adj. dia- 
critical marks, l^aris, nota* (Ar.. 
nuqTah), tanda hacha*an. 

Diadem (-dem), s. patam* tkan 
kimdai,'^' makota.* 

Diagnosis (dT'ag-no'sis), s. pndapat 
deri-lial prifakit. 

Diagonal (dl-ag'o-nal), adj. serorg. 

Diagram (dl'a-gram), s. pta,"^ gam- 
har: (magic) rajah * 

Dial (dl'al), s. mmka jam, hundar 

ate., isk, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure. 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tliQn. 




yarg hermata sperti pdoman* 
8iin dial, jam pnirnbarg hayaiy- 
baijanj matahari. 

Dialect (diVlekt), s. (languaf^e) 
bhasa; (local varieties of speech) 

Dialectics (-lek'tiks), s. 'ihnu ba- 
has* {At. baiiath), Hhnn per- 

Dialogue (-lo^^), s. pertutoran, 
iuior-riinutor,* sual-jawab, clia- 
I'ap jawab pergi jaivab datarrj 

Diameter (di-am'e-ter), s. siy- 
harg,* baris mlintarg di iigah 

Diametrically (dra-met'ri-kal-li), 
adv. diametrically opposed, lain 

Diamond (di'a-m?md), s. Man, ber- 
lyan, bhjan (E. brilliant) ; (in 
cards) riin (D. ruiten). Dia- 
mond shaped, blah Hupat. 

Diaper (-per) 

(towel) tuala; 

(for infants) chawat. 
Diaphanous (dl-af a-m^s), adj. 

Diaphragm (dl'a-fram), s. slupat 

Diarrhoea (dl'ar-re'a), s. sakit 

buaiy-buaig ayer, chirit (X.I.). 
Diary (di'a-ri), s. surat pJcerjaan 

s-hari-hari, jernal (E.), bulcu 

injatan Jcei'ja-l'erja. 
Diatribe (-tiib), s. perbantahan,'^ 

Dibber (dib'ber), s. tugal.* 
Dibble (dib'bl), v.t. tugal.* 
Dibbler (-bier), s. pnugal* 
Dice (dis), s. dadu (Port), buah 

dadu, buah pari/^ buah iindi* 
Dicebox (dTs'boks), s. Icpoh dadu, 

kotah dadu. 
Dictate (dik-taf), v.t. (utter for 

another to write) mehanakan* 

imla' (At.) ; (say authoritatively) 

suroh, inentahlcan. 

Dictate (dik'tat), s. hukuin, pren- 

Dictation (dik-ta'sh?m), s. imla'^ 
(Ar. imla'), rnchana.* 

Dictator (-ter), *s. pmrentah yarg 
i'lada terhirggakan'^^ kuasa-nja. 

Dictatorial (dik'ta-t5r'i-al), adj. 
yarg kras preniah-rya. 

Diction (dik'shwn), s. rargkaian 
perkata'anf^ bhasa. 

Dictionary (-er-i), s. kamus'^ (Ar.. 

Dictum (dik't7/m), s. ptua"^ (An. 

Die (dl), V. i. mati; (of princes)' 
maigkat* ivafat (Ar.) ; (vulgar) 
mampus: (euphemistically) hi- 
larg, mnirggal,'* mnirggal dunia, 
pvtus njawa, sampai ajal (Ar.), 
kmbali* kmbalik-rahmat Allah ^■'^ 
(cease, be extinct, or extinguish- 
ed) liilanj, padam, putus. Die 
away, hilarg, Inryap. Die down 
(of a flame) mala p. "^ 

Die, s. (dice) buaJi dadu, buah 
paii,"^ buah undif (chance, ha- 
zard) undi.^' 

Diet (di'et), s. (food, victuals) ma- 
kanan, rjki (Ar. rzki), jerki (B.) ; 
(prescribed food) peraturan ma- 
kanan, makanan pantarg (B.). 

Diet, V. t. aturkan makanan, tntukan 
makanan, pantaig makanan (B.). 

Dietetics (dl'e-tet'iks), s. 'ilmu 
mnntukan makanan. 

Differ (differ), v. i. (be unlike) 
bersUseh, berlain-lain; (be dis- 
tinguished) berbeza,* berbeda; 
(disagree) tiada bersfuju; (dis- 
pute) berbantah,* 
Difference (-ens), s. perslisehan, 
klainan, perbeza'an,* perbantah' 
an,* farak (Ar.). The difiPerence 
is, bersalahan. 
Different (-ent), adj. lain, ber- 
sliseh, bersalaJian, asirg,* berbeza.* 
jnls-jnis, macliam-macham , ber-* 
bagai-bagai,* plbagai,* tiada ber- 

ate, ask, am, final, eare, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimts, cure, injure * 

burry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. ' 




stuju; see DIFFER. A>rv ditferent, 
terlaJii jauh heza-tm,^ terJaJu jauh 
Differently (-li), adv. Jain pula. 
Differential (-en'slwil), adj. ya)y 
Ix'rs'liseh^ yarf/ mmhezalmn,^ j/ary 
Differentiate (->lii-iit), v. t. heza- 
k'liN,'^ hedakini, lainkan, cmrgl'an.'^ 
Difficult (di.t"ii-ky/it), adj. (liard to 
do) .'iid-ar/^ pay ah; (attended Tvdth 
trouble) ^'nisah, mushJiil (Ar.) ; 
(arduous) hrat, Iras. Difficult to 
• >l)taiii, fiumh da pat, pa yah da pat. 
DjfHeidt to understaud, 'antum* 
{ At. g ha mum?). 
Difficulty (-k«.l-ri), s. Jcsul-aran* 
l-payahan, Isusahan, Hrafan, k- 
h-iaxan, as above. 
Diffidence (-d<?ns), s. sliak liati 

(Ar.). mala, sqan, see below. 
Diffident (-dent), adj. (distrust- 
ful of self) shah liaii (Ar.), ta'- 
ttap; (timid) I'uratg hrani; (}3asli- 
ful) main, sgan. 
Diffuse (dif-fuz'), v. t. (cause to 
spread, as a fluid) kmhaiyhan; 
(send out, scatter) liamburkan; 
(disseminate, as information) m^a- 
luriikan (Ar.), khaharkan; (as 
li oh t ) pa n ch arkan. * 
Diffuse, V. i. (of fluids) kmhaty; (of 
light) panchar: (of scents) smer- 
hak* merhak (B.). 
Diffuse (-fits'), adj. (widespread) 
ramharg; (verbose) midut ram- 
harg; (prolix) Janjut.^ 
Diffuseness (-nes), s. muhit ram- 

hatg. lanjiit perkafa'an.* 
Diffusion (-fu'zh?m), b. hal mrgm- 

batgkan, etc., see diffuse. 
Diffusive (-siv), adj. yarg rMym- 
ha.}g. yarg mmanchar, smerbak* 
merhak (B.). 
Dig (dig), V. t. (generally) gali; 
(wiih a hoe) chaiykol; (with sharp 
instrinnent) korfik ; (as in mining, 
liorizontally) clibah:* (poke with 

instrument ) chungkil. 

! pointed 
j chorhok. 
I Digest (di-jesf). v. t. (arrange) 
I aturkan; (assiniilate food) han^ 
; rhorkan, hadhamkan (Ar.), dwr- 
\ nakan (X.T.), kas^i siau (B.) 
I (Ch.); (think over) fikirkan; 
( (.-( >mpreheiul ) m igfrii. 
Digest (di'jest), s. peraturan hukum 

ata u un da rg-ii n darg . 
Digestible (di-jest'i-bl), adj. yatg 
/ka.'i hanchor, yatg Ikas hadham 
Digestion (-t-lu/n), s. lial mrgatur- 

kan, etc., see digest. 
Digestive (-tiv), adj. yarg mmhri 
hadham (Ar.). yarg kasi siau (B.) 
Digit (dij'it), s. jari. 
Dignified (dig'ni-fid), adj. sopan- 

mnfini,'' stedi (B.) (E.)'. 
Dignify (-fl), v. t. hsarkan, mulia- 

kan. hri hormat. 
Dignitary (-ter-i), s. orarg hsar. 
Dignity (-ti), s. (honour), kmulia- 
\iu, khsaran; (stateliness of man- 
ner) sopan-saniun.^ 
Digress (di-gres') v. i. (in writing 
or speech) halek, katakan lain per- 
kara. To digress from a subject, 
/ /' igga Ikan stn a n ta ra . * 
Digression (-gresh'i/n), s. pri m- 

rgafakan lain perkara. 

Dike (dik), s. (ditch) parit, alur;* 

(embankment) bndorg* tbirg; 

(ridges between rice fields) batas. 

Dilapidated (di-lap'i-dat-ed), adj. 

(of l)uil dings) rinbas* pchah; 

(generally) burok, rosah. 

Dilapidation (-da'shMn), s. hrosak- 

'an, kburok'an. 
Dilate (di-laf or di-lat'), v. i. 
(swell up) muai;* (as the eyes) 
bliak; (by inflation) kmboiy, glm- 
bonj : (grow wide) iiias; (speak 
I argel y ) lanjatkan perhata'an* 
panjargkan perkataan. 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin f/ien. 




Dilate, v. t. muaikanj^' Junhoiyl-an, 

Dilatory (diFa-to-ri), adj. leicjali, 
lainhaf, chnla.'i* clileli* 

Dilemma (di-lem'nia or di-lem'ma) , 
s. pmilehan antara diia perkara 
yaty ^siisah. 

Dilettante (diret-tan'te), s, orarg 
s-trgah masaV dalani pkerjaan. 

Diligence (diri-jeiis), s. rajin, 
nsalia (Sk.). 

Diligent (-jeut), adj. rajin, her- 
vsaha (Sk.), hertkun. 

Dilly-dally (dirii-dal'li), v. i. r7n/- 
las,"^ chleh/^ main-main saja (B.). 

Dilute (di-liif or di-lut'),, yA. cha- 
'irkan, champiirkan ayer. 

Dilute, adj. cha'ir. 

Dim (dim), adj. (lacking? britrlu- 
ness, of light) kJam, muram,^ 
suram;* (of colour) udamf' 
(hardly visible) kahus* sayupf'' 
(not seeing clearly) kabur: (mis- 
ty, indistinct) kahot, halam- 

Dim, V. t. klamkan,'^ kahuskan* ka- 
hurkan, kabotkan, as above. 

Dimension (di-men'slrwn), s. (mea- 
surement) likoran: (size) hsar; 
(extent) khiasan, klaparyan. 

Diminish (di-min'ish), v. t. (in 
quantity) kurargkan, luakkanf' 
(in size) krhilkan. 

Diminish, v. i. rda, susiit, kiirarg. 

Diminution (dim'i-nu'sh?/n), s. 
(act of diminishing) lial mnjurarg- 
kan, hal mtgrhilkan; (state of be- 
ing diminished) kkiiraigan, khiaJc- 
'an* k.wsidan. 

Diminutive (di-min'u-tiv), adj. 
kchil, stii,"^ lialus, kchik (B.). 

Dimness (dim'nes), s. klam-kahot, 
kabur, kalus* muram* suram;* 
see DIM. 

Dimple (dim'pl), s. chairak* cha- 
ir ak pi pi* 

Din (din), s. hisitg, bechok* irgar."^ 
iigar-batyar* rioh-rndah, ggak- 

gmpifa,'^ blianaf' in some senses 

the meaning may be ex])ressed by 

sound words, such as, gmrenchergj^ 

dram, Igal'-lgok,'^ etc. 
Dine (din), v. i. mal-an; (eat the 

principal meal) makan trgah Jiari, 

or;, rnal'an maJani ; (of princes) 

^•r/ ///«/).* 
Dinghy (ding'gi), g. (I^q'aut.) sam- 
pan, tonda, jorgkorg, samhoh 

Dingy (din'ji), adj. (soiled) cli- 

niar,^' kolor; (dusky colour) irerna 

Dining (din'ing), s. Dining room, 

hih'k ?naka?i. Joining table, meja. 

Dinner (din'ner), s. (principal 

meal) 7nakan irgah liari, or makan 

Dint (dint), s. Ikok, kmek.'^ By 

dint of, drgan kvasa. 
Diocese (dl'o-ses), s. jajalian yarg 

di-prentaJikan oleh s'oraig bishop 

Dip (dip), V. t. (insert in fluid and 

withdraw) chchali; (immerse) 

chlop; (as a glass dipped in water 

to fill it) bna}nkan; (lower a flag) 

Dip, V. i. (incline downwards) chon-^ 

dcng. To dip into a book, ba'Cha 

mlaiykan-laigkau,* bacha mlarg- 

Diphtheria (dif-ther'i-a), s. saJcit 

Diphthong (difthong or dip'- 

thong), s. dua buiyi berhubory. 
Diploma (di-plo'ma), s. surat k- 

traiigan de}'i-hal plajaran. 
Diplomacy (di-plo'ma-si), s. per- 

atni'an utu><-migutusf^ (tact) 

'akaJ-b udi. 
Diplomatic (dip'lo-mat'ik), adj. 
. (tactful) bijaksana,'^ ber'akaU 

budi. To have diplomatic re- 
lations, utus-mrgutus.'^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tlmn. 




.Diplomatist (di-plo'ma-tist), s. 
■lUu.^an,'^ oranj pandai 7)iryu.tus.* 

Dipper (dip'per), s. (ladle) gayorr/, 
jnichedoh, ckentorg, sibur;* (small 
bucket) timha. 

Dire (dir), adj. (ill-omened) s'ml; 
(dreadful) dalishat (Ar.), haibat 

-Direct (di-rckf), adj. (straight) 
Inrus, biul, trvs; (sincere) tulus; 
(unambiguous) trus traiy; (not 
oblique) tpatj^ 

Direct, v. t. (point, aim) iuju; 
(point out) tanjoh; (regulate, 
govern) aturkaii, prentahhan; (or- 
der) suroh; (a letter) 'alamathan 

(Ar.). ■ 

Direction (-i'ek'sh?/n), s. (act of 
directing) lial wnuju, etc., as 
above ; (command, instruction) 
peraturan, prentah, psan, Imkum; 
(address) 'alamat sural f' (line) 
iu'jvan, Imla* aralt. 

Directly (-rekt'li), adv. drgan lu- 
rus. drgan tulus, trus traix), see 
DIRECT, adj.; (immediately) dnjan 
sgra, s-bntar itu juga, serta-rnerta. 

Director (-er), s. yarg mmrentah- 
l-an; (of a company) hpdla. 

Directory (-o-ri), s. I'itdb pandu.'^' 

Dirge (derj), s. lagu prindu,'-^ biji 

Dirigible (di'ri-ji-bl), adj. yaty 
boleh di-tujukan, berlcmudi. 

Dirk (derk), s. hris. 

Dirt (dert), s. (generally) I'lcotoran, 
kdtniaran:* (mud) lumpur, be- 
chak, bichah (B.), lechak;* (ex- 
crement) najis (Ar.), tahh'^ ia'ih 
(B.) ; (loose) sampah, sarap;* 
(dry and flaky) l-redak; (from 
tlie skin) daki. 

Dirtiness (dert'i-nes), s. kkotoran. 

Dirty (dert'i), adj. hotor, dtmar* 
najis (Ar.) ; (of water, turbid) 
hroli; (smeared with dirt) ber- 
lumor, rhotnol, berslekeh;* (after 
evacuation) srghelaf* 

Dirty, v. t. kotorkan, ch?narJcan, etc., 
as above. 

Disability (dis'a-bil'i-ti), s. ka- 
liHargan kuasa, pri tiada kua.^a, 

Disable (dis-a'bl), v. t. (deprive of 
force) Imahkan, kurargkan kua^a, 
liilanjkan kuasa; (cripple) kodorg- 
kan/-' kudorgkan (B.). 

Disabled (-bid), adj. (maimed) 
kodotg,'^ kadoig (B.) ; (of ships) 

Disabuse (dis'a-buz'), v. t. Ipaskan 
deri-pada silap atau tipu-daya. 

Disadvantage (dis'ad-van'tej), s. 
bnchana, rugi, mtidlarat (Ar.). 

Disadvantageous (dis-ad-van-ta'- 
j//s), adj. tiada berfa'idah, yarg 
iiiuibri iuudlarat (Ar.), yarg mn- 
datargkan bnchnna. 

Disaffect (dis'af-fekf) v. t. (a- 
lienate) jauhkan hati perstrukan* 
uiusohkaii (B.) ; (disturb the 
fimctions) kachau. 

Disaffected (-ed), adj. berstru* 
bermusoh (B.), jauli-hati. 

Disaffection (-fek'shwn), s. per- 
struan,'^ jauh-hati. 

Disagree (dis'a-gre'), v. i. (not 
agree) bersliseli, tiada berstuju; 
(be unlike) berlainan, berbeza* 
herbeda, tiada sama; (quarrel) 
brrslisfh; (be unsuitable, as food 
or medicine) ta's-rasi. 

Disagreeable (-a-bl), adj. (un- 
pleasant) tiada berknan, ta'sdap; 
(of smells) inaunj. 

Disagreement (-m^^nt), s. per- 
slisclian, ta'stujuan, perbeza'an* 
perbeda'an, mufarakai (Ar.). 

Disallow (disTil-low'), v. t. tiada 
bri, 'rggankan;'^ tolak, tiada lu- 
lus,'^ balalkan. 

Disappear (-ap-per'), v. i. Inryap, 
Isap, Jiilarg, ghaib (Ar.), pryap* 

Disappoint (-ap-poinf), v. t. (frus- 
trate) tahankan, tgalikan; (de- 
prive of hope) kchewakan, putus- 

•ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin than. 




l-an Imrap. Disappointed, A'a- 

harapcni* I: chew a. 
Disappointment (-m^nt), s. pri 

l-ah arapnn,^ l-chewaan. 
Disapprobation (dis-ap'pro-ba'- 

sh?/u). s. pri tiada herbnan, hal 

mjyalahJiWh, hal mnchla, kclilaan. 
Disapproval (dis'ap-proov'al), s. 

same as above. 
Disapprove (dis'ap-proov'), v, t. 

Unda perJiuanl-an, tiada hnarl'an, 

Disarm (dis-arm'), v. t. targgalhan 

snjata; (deprive of force) hilanj- 

I'an Imam. 
Disarrange (dis'aj-ranj'), v. t. I'a- 

chaukan, halai-halaikan;'^ (as 

hair) gerhargkan. 
Disarranged (-raiijd'), adj. porak- 

parek; (of feathers) rarggas* 
Disaster (diz-as'ter), s. kmalargan, 

chlaka, halak (Ar. bald'). 
Disastrous (-trws), adj. malanj, 

Disavow (dis'a-vow'), v. t. sargkal, 

m u rgkir ( Ar. munkir) . 
Disband (dis-band'), v. t. Ipaskan, 

Disband, v. i. pcJiali, chrai-hrai, her- 

Disbelief (dis'be-lef), s. tiada per- 

chaga, kurarg percliaya, shak haii. 
Disbelieve (-lev'), v. t. tiada per- 
cliaya. kurarg percliaya. 
Disburden (dis'her-dii), v. t. Ipas- 
kan deri-pada targgoigan. 
Disburse ( -be rs' ) , v. t. h lanjakan, 

kluarkan hlanja. 
Disbursement (-ment), s. hlanja. 
Disc (disk), s. hulat lepir: (for 

throwing, discus) cliakra (Sk.). 
Discard (dis-kard'), v. t. (dismiss 

from omplo3aneiit) Ipaskan; (cast 

off) huarg, cliampak; (of cloth) 

spok; (reject) toJak. 
Discern (dis-sern' or diz-zerii'). v. t. 

(discriminate) hezakan* heda- 

kan; (i)erceive) lihat. 

Discernible (-i-bl), adj. (percept- 
ible) nampak, tampak/^ yatg da pat 
di-lihat, n/ata. 

Discerning (-ing), adj. tajam 'akal, 

Discernment (-ment), s. hal mm- 
hezakan/^ pri mliliat; (sagacity) 
tajam 'akal, cherdek; (insight, 
mental vision) pigertian. 

Discharge (dis-charj'), v. t. (cargo, 
as vessels) punjgak; (loads) horg- 
kar; (an arrow) panahkan; (a 
gnn) pasarg; (a debt) bayer, Ian- 
sai,"^' halalkan; (obligations, res- 
ponsibilities) sampaikan; (from 
employment) Ipaskan; (from 
office) pcliat;^ (as water from a 
pipe) pancharkan; (as a wound) 
klnar nanah, nenes.^ 

Discharge, s. (act of discharging) 
hal mmurggah, etc., as above; (of 
a prisoner) klpasan; (of firearms) 
das:* (from a wound or a diseased 
eye) nenes.* 

Pisciple (dis-si'pl), s. murid, anah 
in arid. 

Disciplinarian (dis'si-plin-ar'i-an), 
s. pandai mtgajar, plateli.* 

Discipline (-plin), s. ajaran, lateh- 
an/^ seksa, see below. 

Discipline, v. t. (educate) ajar; 
(accustom to control) lateh* 
hiasakan; (chastise, correct) ajar, 

Disclaim (dis-klam'), v. t. mwy- 
kir (Ar. munkir), sargkal. 

Disclaimer (-er), s. (one who dis- 
claims) pnjargkal, yarg murgkir; 
(disavowal) pjyargkaJan, kmurg- 

Disclose (-kloz'), v. t. (uncover) 
buka, ddali; (reveal) buka, iyata- 
kan, lahirkan* (Ar. tldhir). 

Discolour (dis-kul'er), v. t. ohah- 
kan loerna, turunkan loerna. 

Discolouration (-a'shini), s. per- 
obalian werna, kturunan werna; 
(of teeth or fruit) karah;* (of the 

ate, ask, am. final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, ns, minws, ciire, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




skill in i)atclies) panau\ (on hands 

and feet only) sopah; (with 

T(3 u <rhness ) k da I . * 
Discomfit (-kum'fit), v. t. (in bat- 
tle) pchah praig, aWd'an,* Mah- 

Jcan (B.) : (disconcert) hityon)' 

Discomfiture (-fi-chur). s. ValalL- 

an,^' hiKjorg. 
Discomfort (-fert), s. (uneasiness) 

pri fasnarrj. sumh. 
Discomfort, v. t. siisaM, susahlcan. 
Discompose (dis'kom-poz'), v. t. 

karhaul-an>, harn-biruhan :* (men- 
tally) hirgotgl'an. 
Disconcert (dis'kon-serf), v. t. 

(throw into confusion) JcachauJcan ; 

( 1 iientally ) hirgorgkan. 
Disconnect (-nekf), v. t. cltraikan, 

Disconsolate (dis-kon'so-let), adj. 

tiada terliiburhan; (sad, dejected) 

gondali* gondah gaulana* her- 

duJiachita.^ susah-Jiati. 
Discontent (dis'kon-tenf), s. pri 

tiada herl-nan, haii ta'snatg. 
Discontented (-ed), adj. tiada he.r- 

hnan, tiada piias Jiati, ta'suka, ta'- 

Discontinuance (-tin'u-mis), s. k- 

putumn, JiSudalmn, prghahisan. 
Discontinue (-tin'ii), v. t. (canse 

to cease) herhntihan, piituskan^ 

habiskan : (leave olf) tirggalkan, 

Discontinue^ v. i. berhnti, brenti 

(B.), put us, Ipas. 
Discord (dis'kord), s. perslisehan, 

ta'stujuan; (of music) butyi jaig- 

Discordant (dis-kord'ant), adj. 

bersliseh, ta'stuju, jan^gal* (as 

Discount (dis'kownt), s. basi* 

kamsin (E.). 
Discount (dis'kownt or dis-kownt'), 

V. t. (make an abatement) kurary- 

kan, tolak, potory; (doubt a state- 

ment) kurary perchaya, mnaroh 

Discountenance (dis-kown'te- 
nans), V. t. (put to shame) bri 
main; (refuse approval) tiada per*- 
knankan , t'ada sukakan (B.) ; 
(restrain) tgahkan. 

Discourage (-kiir'ej), v. t. (dis- 
hearten) taivarkan hati, bachoU 
kan hati;* (obstruct, restrain) 
tgahkan. I was discouraged^ 
tawar-lali hati-ku. 

Discouragement (-ment), s. tawar 
hati, pn'gahan, as above. 

Discourse (dis-kors'), s. (conver- 
sation) perchajiapan, pertutoran;^ 
(treatise, dissertation) ucliapan. 

Discourse, v. i. bertutor, berkata- 
kata, berchaliap. 

Discourteous (-kurt'i-'Z/s), adj. ku-- 
ra7g ajar, biadah (Pers.), kurary 
bliam, ta'taliu 'ad at. 

Discourtesy (-es-i), s. biadab 
(Pers.), kkasaran, kuraty bliasa. 

Discover (-kuv'er), v. t. (reveal^ 
make known) lyatal'an, ktarakan,. 
khiarknu, laliirkan'^ (Ar. tlaliir) : 
(find, ont, detect) dapat, dapat 
tahu. His sin Avas discovered, 

, dosa-iya sudah ktara. 

Discovery (-i), s. kdapatan. 

Discredit (-kred'it), v. t. (dis- 
believe) kuraig percliaya; (bring- 
into disrepute) roml'kan nama. 

Discredit, s. kji,"* nama ta'baik. 

Discreditable (-a-bl), adj. yaty m- 
romkkan riama, kji.* 

Discreet (dis-kref), adj. sopan, 
b ij'a ksan a, b ?/ dim a n.* 

Discrepancy (-krep'on-si), s. ber* 
Jainan, perbeza'an,* perbeda'an,. 

Discretion (-kresh'i/n), s. sojmn, 
snonoli. Surrender at discretion* 
miyralikan diri atas pertimbargan 
musoh* Years of discretion, 
*umor budak-budalc msti ikut 
prentali negri. At one's own dis- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




crotion. s-perfl pprtimhiWjan sn- 

Discriminate (-krim'i-nrit). v. t. 
(mark afj clitfereiit) hrzal-an* 

Discriminate, v. i. (make a. differ- 

K^m-iK treat unequally) lainl-an. 
Discriminative (-na-tiv), adj. taliu 

unuih'h, tahu mmbezal'on* ialiu 

Discus (dfs'kns), s. cliahra (Sk.). 
Discuss (dis-kus'), ^. t. (reason 

upon, deliate) Mcharal'an, ura-ura- 

l-an* see debate. 
Discussion (-kush'^m), s. hiehara, 

Disdain (dis-dan'), v. t. pandaiy 

tfiudah.^ liinalian, permvdahl'an* 

Disdain, s. lial nnxjldndkan. 
Disease (diz-ez'), s. sahit, p^yal'lt, 

Diseased (-ezd')^ adj. herpnjahit, 

ml- it. 
Disembark (dis'em-bark'), v. t. 

(discharire cargo or persons) puiy- 

Disembark, v. i. naik darat, turun 

deri Vapal. 
Disenchant (-en-chanf), v. t. Ipas- 

knti deri-pada huam yarg sial. ta- 

war; (disillusionize) Ipa^l-an deri 

Disencumber (-kura'ber), v. t. Ipas^ 

kan deri-pada tanjgoigaii; (of ob- 
structions) traiykan, lapargkan. 
Disenfranchise (-fran'chiz), v. t. 

hilmykan liak anak negri.'^ 
Disengage (-gaj'), v. t. (set free) 

Ipad-nn : (detach) huka, nrai* 
Disengaged (-gajd'), adj. (un- 
employed) tiada kerja; (at 

leisure) snatg; (vacant) kosoiy. 
Disentangle (-tang'gl), v. t. urai- 

kati.^ romhakkan, hukakan (B.) ; 

(the liair by shaking) umi.* 
Disfavour (dis-fa'ver), s. hal tiada 

herknan. In disfavour at court, 
kna murka (Ar.). 

Disfigure (-fig'ur), v. t. rosakkan 
riipa, hurokknn. 

Disfigurement (-nii^nt), s. krepot, 

Disgorge (-gorj'), v. t. (vomit) 
munfahkan, smburkan; (give up, 
surrender ) srahkan . 

Disgrace (-gras'), s. '(loss of re- 
spect) Zr/^^ira ; (shame, dishonour) 
7nalu, 'aib (Ar.), Vaipan* ho- 
nar:"^ (cause of sbame) ararg di 
VI Ilka* kji* 

Disgrace, v. t. (bring shame on) 
bri main, bri 'aib (Ar.), 'aibkan;* 
(treat discourteously) kjikan* 
h iud.kan , fait orniatkan (B.j . 

Disgraceful (-fool), adj. kji,* yarg 
inmbri main. 

Disguise (-giz'), v. t. samar* sa- 
in arkan* 

Disgust (-gust'), s. kjmuan, hgli- 
an* niaak* hiaf* bosan,* gli- 
qnian* gli-glman* gli-gmam 

Disgust, V. t. (cause loathing) jmu- 
kan, glikan; (offend the taste) 
ninakkain;* (displease) luatkan,^ 

Disgusting (-ing), adj. (in appear- 
ance) gli; (in smell) ?naurg; (in 
taste) nutak;* (offensive) kbnclii^ 

Dish (dish), s. (vessel) pirggan; 
(with a cover) basi:* (food 
served) sajian, liidargan.* 

Dish, V. t. saji, liidaig* 

Dishcloth (dish'klawth), s. kain 

Dish cover (-kuv-er), s. tudorg saji. 

Dishearten (dis-hart/n), v. t. iawar^ 
kan Jiali, sjokkan liati (B.). 

Dishevelled (di-shev'ld), adj. (of 
hair) fergerbaty, nirggerbatg (B.), 

Dishonest (dis-on'est), adj. pnipu. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, rece-nt, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

livirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin theu. 




tiada iuJns hati, i'lada amanat 


Dishonour (-er), v. t. (brin<T shame 
on) hri main, hri 'aih (Ar.), 'aib- 
l:an;* (treat with inclic^nity) ^71- 
kan;* (violate chastity) rugul,^ 
chaholi,^ 7'osakkan (B.) ; (decline 
to pay, as a draft) 'njgan mm- 
hnyer* tamau haijer (B.). 

Dishonourable (-a-bl), adj. Z.77.* 

Disinclination (dis-in'kli-mVshwn), 
s. hal tahermaksud, hal tasuka. 

Disinclined (dis'in-klind'), adj. 
tiada herknan, fa'stika. I am dis- 
inclined to eat, sahya talalu ma- 
kan,"^ tarasa man rnakan (B.). 

Disinfect (-fekf), v. t. hilan/kan 
kjargkitan, chiichi diyan ayer husok. 

Disinfectant (-fekt'ant), s. aijer 

Disinherit (-her'it), v. t. pchat* 
deri-pada mnjadi waris, tolak deri- 
■ pada mnjadi iraris. 

Disintegrate (dis-in'te-grat), v. t. 
pch ah -pcha h , prai-praikan . * 

Disinter (dis'in-ter'), v. t. korek 
may at deri kuhor. 

Disinterested (dis-in'ter-est-ed) , 
adj. tiada hrat shlah, tiada shl ah- 
mryhlah, tiada berharapkwi fa- 

Disjoin (dis-join'), v. t. chraikan. 

Disjoint (-joint'), v. t. chraikan 
sndi* chahot sndi* romhakkan. 

Disk (disk), s. see disc. 

Dislike (dis-lik'), v. t. ta'suka, tiada 
herknan, luat.'^ 

Dislike, s. hal tiada herknan, luat:^ 

Dislocate (dis'lo-kat), v. t. (a 
joint) kochilkan* kehelkan;* 
(put out of order) kachau-bilau- 
kan, kachau-helokkan (B.). 

Dislocation (-ka'sh?^n), s. kochil* 
kachau-hilau, as above. 

Dislodge (dis-loj'), v. t. ahh, pin- 
dahkan, kluarkan, halaukan. 

Disloyal (dis-loi'al), adj. tiada 
stia (Sk.), tiada berhakti (Sk.), 

khianat (Ar.), tiada btul hatt 

Dismal (diz'mfll), adj. yarg mmbri 
daka;'^ (in appearance) moroirj; 
(of sonnds) dayu* piJu. 

Dismantle (dis-man'tl), v. t. rom^ 
hak, horgkar, pchah. 

Dismast (-mast'), v. t. patah iiarg,. 
chahot tiaiy. 

Dismay (-ma'), v. t. hri dahshat 
(Ar.), gobarkan. 

Dismay, s. dahshat (Ar.). 

Dismember (-mem'ber), v. t. chrai- 
kan argnoia (Sk.), bhagi-bhagi- 

Dismiss (-mis'), v. t. (send away) 
Ipaskan; (discard, discharge from 
office) pchat;'^ (reject) tolak,. 
halau, biiaig. 

Dismount (-mov/nf), v. i. (front 
a horse) turun, ierjuii. 

Dismount, v. t. (brin<? down) tu^ 
runkan; (take down, machinery) 
buka, rombak. 

Disobedient (dis'o-be'di-ent), adj.. 
tiada mnurut prentah, derhaka^ 

Disobey (-ba'), v. i. larggar, larggar 
prentah, derhaka. To disobey a 
rule, larggar peraturan. 

Disoblige (-bllj'), v. t. tiada mm- 
perknankan . 

Disobliging (-ing), adj. hamak* 

Disorder (dis-or'der), s. (confu- 
sion) haru-biru,'^ champur baur/^^ 
champur-gaul, klam-kabot; (tu- 
mult) huru-hara, gadoh; (sick- 
ness) piyakit. In disorder, ropak- 

Disorderly (-li), adj. see above. 

Disorganize (-gan-iz), v. t. haru^ 
birnkan,'^- kachau-bilaukan* cham- 

Disown (dis-on'), v. t. (refuse to 
own) sargkalkan, muigkirkan, ta'^ 
7nrgaku; (refuse to allow) 'rggan^ 
ka7i* tolak. 

ate, ask, am, final, oare, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror: old, not. connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tlien. 




Disparage (-par'ej), v. t. pandarg 
mudnh ,* tiada indahhan, chapakJ^ 

Disparity (-i-ti), s. hezaj^ perheza- 
an/^ he da. 

Dispassionate (-pash'?/n-et), adj. 
(calm) Itati inarx), hati sjok; (im- 
pai-tial) iiada sblah-mryblah. 

Dispatch (-pacli'), v. t. (do quick- 
ly) hajrjatkan* Ihaskan; (send 
things) hirim, haniar; (send per- 
sons) suroh, liantar; (send a let- 
ter) hujargl'cm;^ (kill) hnnoh. 

Dispatch, s. (jnessage) sumt kirim- 
an; (s})eed) sgra. 

Dispel (-pel'), v. t. liilaiglcan, In- 

Dispensary (-pen'sa-ri), s. I'dai 
ohat, apotek (X.I.) (I^-). 

Dispensation (dis'pen-sa'shwn), s. 
(acts of administration) hal mn- 
jalankan; (exemption) khehasan, 
iziii (Ar.). Dispensation of Pro- 
yidencc, iakdir Allah (Ar.). 

Dispense (dis-pens'), v. t. (dis- 
t ribute ) hh agika tv; ( administer ) 
jalankan. To dispense with, 
(omit) tiiggalkan; (do without) 
iiada pakai. 

Disperse (-pers'), v. t. (scatter) 
ha )n h n rkivn , serakkan, ch rai-hrai- 
kan; (diffuse, spread) kmhanjkan: 
(dissipate, dispel) liilargkan, ln~ 

Disperse, v. i. hcrpchah, hevcJirai- 
hrai, hprtalmr, bertmpmran* 

Dispersion (-per'shun), s. lial 
chrai-brai, Jial bertaburan. 

Dispirited (-pir'it-ed), adj. taivar 

Displace (-phis'), v. t. (remove by 
liftin^r) ahh, pindahkati; (by 
})ushing) smr/'' kesiit; (crowd out) 

Displacement (-ment), s. (volume, 
as of a sliip) bsar-iya. 

Display (-pla'), v. t. (spread wide, 
as Aviugs) kmhaygkan ; (as a map) 
bntaigkan; (exliibit) ttinjokkan. 

vjatakan, trargkan; (to view) per- 

Uhatkan; (vertically) denderg- 

Display, s. (ostentation) kmgahan;'^ 

(show, parade) tniasa (Sk. tama- 

Displease (-plez'), v. t. gusarkanj^ 

kchilkan hati. To be displeased, 

tiada berknan. 
Displeasure (-plezh'-ur), s. gusar,^ 

kcldl hati, sakit hati. 
Disposal (-p(3z'al), s. hal mtgatur, 

etc., as below. 
Dispose (-poz'), v. t. (arrange) 

atur; (settle, determine) tntukan, 

dsaikan, slisekan (B.) ; (incline 

the mind to) chndrotgkan. To 

dispose of (determine the fate 

of), patutkan, jjrentahkan; (sell) 

jual; (get rid of) buatg. 
Disposed (-pozd), adj. (inclined 

to) chndrorg k-pada. Ill disposed, 

rntaio hati. 
Disposition (dis'po-zish'?/n), s. (ar- 

i-aiigoment) aturan; (inclination) 

chndrorg hati, nafsu; (tempera- 
ment) praigai, tabiat. 
Dispossess (dis'poz-zes'), v. t. ram- 

pas heria. 
Disproportionate (dis'pro-por'- 

sh//n-et), adj. tiada drgan kadar- 

n/a''^ (Ar. qadar), tiada sama rata. 
Disprove (dis-pr5ov'), v. t. per- 

tidakkan, n/atakan dusta,* njata- 

kan iiada bnar, lyatakan hohorg- 

Disputable (dis'pu-ta-bl), adj. yanj 

dapat di-bantalci,^ yarg boleJv di- 

Disputant (-tant), s. pmhantah.^ 
Disputatious (-ta'sh?/s), adj. yarg 

suka mmbantah,'^ yarg suka her- 

Dispute (dis-puf), V. i. berbantah,* 

heriufkar, bersli^eh, balah.'^ 
Dispute, V. t. baniahi,* balah* trg- 


4te, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferrj'; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minjis, cure, injure^i 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




Dispute, s. perhanfaliati* perUgkar- 

Disqualification (dis-kwori-fi-ka'- 
j^h//n), s. sbah yaty niKjIiilan/lmh 
kiiijsa (itau link* (At. uaqq). 

Disqualify (-i-fi), v. t. (debar le- 
gally), tolak deri-pada hak;* (dis- 
able) hilarykan huam, hnafil-an. 

Disquiet (-kwi'et), y. t. susalii, him- 
Itarghan liati. 

Disquisition (dis'kwi-zisli'wn), s. 
(search) siamt (Ar.), preksa; 
(essay) surat ptyJidek.'^ 

Disregard (dis're-gard'), v. t. (neg- 
liHt) hhiikan, (dpakan:* (over- 
look) lalui* kurarij indahkan, 
tiada sdar akan; (ignore) tiada 
ambil tahn; (slight) chuai* cha- 

Disrelish (dis-rerish), v. t. iiada 
nafsu, tasuka, bnchi. 

Disrepair (dis're-par'), s. In dis- 
repair, hurok. 

Disreputable (dis-rep'u-ia-bl), adj. 
herrfila, kji* lecheli. 

Disrepute (dis're^puf), s. nama 
jahat, naitta yarg clda, kclMan, 

Disrespect (-spekf), s. kuraig adab 
(Ar. ). kurarg horntat. 

Disrespectful (-fool), adj. kuraig 
ajar, kurarq hham, kuranj adab 

Disrobe (dis-rob'), v. t. iarggalkan 
pal'a'uw,'^ bukakaib pakaian. 

Disruption (-riip'shmi), s. Iial m- 
inchah , (lira i-bral. 

Dissatisfaction (dis-sat'is-fflk'- 

sh?in), s. hal iiada berknan, lial 
tiada puas ha/i. 

Dissatisfied (-fid), adj. tiada ber- 
knan, tiada puas Tiati. 

Dissect (dis-sekf), v. t. prggaUprg- 

Dissemble (-sem'bl), v. i. biiat- 
buat, pura-para* muka-miika, 
siat-siat (B.) (Ch.). 

Dissemble, v. t. samarkan* 

Disseminate (-i-nat), v. t. tabur^ 

Dissension (-sen'shwn), s. per.sli'<e]i^ 

Dissent (-sent'), v. t. berdliseJt. 

Iiada hcrstaju. 
Dissenter (-er), s. yaig bersliseh- 

(nonconformist) orarg yarg ber^ 

clirai deri-pada agama kraja'an. 
Dissertation (dis'ser-ta'sluai), s. 

p e n -li a ka pan, y clia pa n . 
Dissever (dis-sev'er), v. t. bliagi- 

kan, chraikan, puiuskan. 
Dissimilar (-sini'i-ler), adj. iiada 

sanid. lain rapa, bprsalahan. 
Dissimulation (-u-la'shz/n), s. 

para-para .* muka-nmka. 
Dissipate (dis'si-pat), v. t. (dispel) 

hilatgkan, Iniyapkan: (squander) 

baaigkan. habiskan, boroskan. 
Dissipated (-^d), adj. chaboJ,'^' lu^ 

Dissipation (-])a'shwn), s. pad^oros-- 

an, prrcliabolan.* 
Dissoluble (dis'so-ln-bl), adj. yarg 

da pat hancliur. 
Dissolute (-lul), adj. chaliol* lu^ 

Dissolution (-Ifi'^h/zn), s. see dis- 
Dissolve (diz-zolv'), v. t. (break 

u|)) pchah : (separate) chrai; 

(melt, as salt, ice, etc.) lianchur; 

(melt, as metals) Ibxir, clia'ir; (a 

marriage, by a kadli on wife's re- 

(piest) pa.^ali* (Ar. fasakli). 
Dissonant (dis'so-nant), adj. jarg- 

galj" sanibarg.'^' 
Dissuade (dis-swad'), v. t. na^nhat^ 

kan jaigan buat* larargkan drgam 

Distaff (dis'taf), s. fiarg rahat,*" 

riduil/^ mrganteli bnaig. 
Distance (-tons), s. jaidi; (inter- 
val) aniara, jarak.* rrggaig. 
Distant (-t^mt), adj. jauh, rrggaig^ 

Distaste (dis-tasf), s. hurarg nafsu. 

lite, ask, am, finrtl, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice. it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; fise, us, niinMS, cure, injure, 

hurr)-; food, foot, avvfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Distasteful (-fool), adj. tasdap. 

Distemper (-tem'per), s. (maladjO 
ptyah'lt; (paint) kapur hercham- 
[nir perkat. 

Distend (-tend'), v. t. lanhory, bun- 

Distill (-til'), V. i. t. (fall in drops) 
fitek; (as light rain) rmtel'-rinteh, 
rnryai'rnri/ai;* (condense from va- 
pwir) wap di-jadikan ayer dalam 

Distillery (-er-i), s. tmpat hiiat 

Distinct (-tingkf), adj. (of place) 
asitg* asirg-ashy;* (different) 
lairi, Jain-lain, berbeza* berbeda; 
(clear, well defined) traty, njata. 

Distinction (-tingk'slmn), s. (dif- 
ference) bezaf^ perheza'an* beda; 
( eminence ) k mulia'an. 

Distinctive (-tiv), adj. berlainan. 

Distinctly (-tingkt'li), adv. see 


Distinguish (-ting'o-wish), v. t. 
(set apart) lainkan; (discern) 
bezakan* bedakan; (by a mark of 
hononr) muliakan. 

Distort (-tort/), v. t. (as the fea- 
tures) erufkan : (the body or a 
plank) gldity;* (facts) bohorg- 

Distract (-trakf), v. t. (perplex, 
confuse) kachau, kusutkan; 
(craze) gobarkan hati, yilakan. 

Distrain (-'tran'), v. t. tahan. 

Distress (-tres'), s. (suffering) 
kmkitan, lieksa, sjgsara* 'adzab 
(Ar.) : (affliction) ksusahan; 
(danger) bahya; (distraining) 

Distress, v. t. (cause pain) sakiti, 
■'^eksaka n ; ( afflict ) s usaJi kan ; ( seize 
for debt) tahan. 

Distribute (-trib'ut), v. t. (ap- 
portion) bhagi, bkagikan, nntok- 
kan;* (separate into classes) asirg- 
kan: (as alms or food, etc.) da- 
da r.'^ 

Distribution (dis'tri-bii'sht^n), s. 

(the act) hal mmbhagikan; (the 

state) pmhhagian. 
District (dis'trikt), s. jajaJian* 

da'irah (Ar.), mukim, desa (N. 

].). District officer, pgawai ja- 

Distrust (dis-trusf), y. t. mnaroTi 

shak akan, kuraig perchaya. 
Distrust, s. shak, wasargka.* 
Distrustful (-fool), adj. yarg m- 

naroh shak, shak hati. 
Disturb (-turb'), v. t. kachaukan; 

(of water) kochak; (from sleep) 

Disturbance (-ans), s. (disquiet) 

kachau; (agitation) hai^-biru;^ 

(tumult) huru-ham, gadoh, gni' 

par, rusoh.* 
Disunion (-im'yMn), s. perchraian, 

Disunite (dis'u-nlf), v.t. chraikan, 

Disuse (dis-i5z'), v.t. (discontinne 

a practice) hilatgkan, buarg; 

(cease to use) ta'pal'ai, I pas. 
Ditch (dich), s. parit, aluran* lorg- 

Ditto (dit'to), adv. yarg tersbot di 

at as, itu juga. 
Ditty (-ti), s. s-patah kata, gnrin- 

Diurnal (di-er'nal), adj. (in day- 
light) sianj hari; (daily) s-hari- 

hari, tiap-tiap hari. 
Divan (di-van'), s. (council of 

state) dewan (Ar.) ; (council hall) 

balai;* (couch) gta.^' 
Dive (div), v. i. slam; (by jumping 

into water) terjun. 
Diver (-er), s. pnjlam. 
Diverge (di-verj'), v. i. (turn aside) 

nrtyewpatg, ssat; (differ from a 

type) berbeza,'^ berbeda. 
Divergent (-^nt), adj. yatg mryem- 

patg, yarg berbeza,* yaig berbeda, 

Divers (dfverz), adj. berbagai- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




hagai, herjms-jnis, macliam-ma^ 
chain, rupa-rupa, plbagai.* 

Diverse (dl'vers or dl-vers'), adj. 
(different) herlainan, Iain-lain, 
hersalahan, see different; (dis- 
tinct, separate) a^sirg-a^injj* 

Diversify (di-ver'si-ll), v. t. s«- 
/ iasa m njohah kan. 

Diversity (-ti), s. heza,"^' perheza- 
'an,'^ he da. 

Diversion (-slnm), s. (turning 
aside) ptyeinpargan; (amusement) 
per main an. 

Divert (di-vert'), v. t. (turn aside 
by road or stream) mryempargkan ; 
(ward off) tpiskan,^ targkiskari;'^ 
(amuse, entertain) sukakan. 

Divest (-vest'), v. t. (unclotlie) 
tlanjargkan; (deprive of) piipus.^ 
Divested of his possessions, yarg 
kna rampas sgala heria-nja or 
milek-tya (Ar.). 

Divide (-vid'), v. t. (part asunder) 
hlah; (in small pieces or quan- 
tities) tandirg;'^ (keep apart) 
chraikan , asi igkan ; ( distribute ) 
hhagi, hhagikan, vntokkan;'^ (dis- 
unite) chraikan, jauJikan. 

Dividend (div'i-dend), s. untok,* 

Divination (-na'shi/n), s. tilek, 
inorg,* ramal (Ar.), 'ilmu sihir 
(Ar.), sastra (Sk.). Divination 
by numbers, tilek ahjad (Ar.). 

Divine (di-vin'), adj. ilahi (Ar,), 
deri-pada Allah, Allah (a). 

Divine, s. guru agama. 

Divine, v. t. (anticipate) hgat d- 
hulu; (surmise) agak; (predict) 
nabnatkan (Ar.). 

Divine, v. i. iitek, inorg/^ barha ra- 
mal (Ar.). 

Diviner (-er), s. pnilek, pnnorg, 
mMrairan (Sk.). 

Divinity (di-vin'i-ti), s. (state of 
bein<:^ divine, deity) ktuhanan;'^ 
(false god) deiva; (theology) ilnui 

Divisible (di-viz'i-bl), adj. yairj^ 
dapat di-bhagi, yatg boleh di-- 

Division (di-vizh'«n), s. (state of , 
'division) perckraian; (that which I 
divides) pnchrai; (portion separat- 
ed) blahan, bhagian, witok;* (of 
rice fields, etc.) petak; (of fruits,, 
as orajiges) pargsa; (alienation,, 
discord) jwrdisehan; (Math.) 

Divorce (di-vors'), s. ialak, chrai,. 
pa.Mk^' (Ar. fasakli). 

Divorce, v. t. (of the marriage- 
bond) chrai, cliraikan, ialak, bu- 
(^"JJ i^^y the kadli, at woman's 
request) pasalikan'^^ (Ar. jasalxU) ;. 
(separate, disunite) chraikan,. 

Divulge (-vulj'), V. t. (reveal, dis^ 
close) lahirkan'^ (Ar. lldhir),. 
kluarkan, njalakan ; (proclaim) 
masoJiorkan (Ar. mashJtur), m- 
'alumlmn (Ar.). To reveal a 
secret, mmbuka rahsia. 

Dizziness (diz'zi-nes), s. pniig,. 
rayaig ;^' (from being at a height) 

Dizzy (diz'zi), adj. pninj, pnirg- 
kpala, pnsirg kpala, rayarg,* 
riarg:* (slightly) pnirq-pnirq lalat.. 

Do (dod), v.t. buat, bikin {¥>.) (N.. 
I.) ; (finish) siidahkan, hahiskan,. 
puiui<ka.7i. Do not, jargan, ta- 
nmh. How do you do, apa khahar.. 
That will do, jadi-lah, sudah-lah. 
AVell to do, mampu.'^ To do some- 
thing to a person, jm/apakan.* I'o 
do without, ta'usah paJcai. To do 
the hair, dandan rambot.'-^' Wliat 
shall we do? apa 'akal kila? apa 
Irichara kiia? 

Docile (du'sTl, U.S. dos'il), adj. ji- 

Dock (dok), s. (for sliips) limhoig- 
an,* galargan,* dok (E.) ; (for 
accused in court) kandatg orarg 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min«s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Dock, V. t. (cut otr, as a tail) hrat, 

pargl'as;'^ (cut wacjes) potonj. 
Docket (dok'et), s. surat 'alamcd* 
Doctor (dok'ter), s. (title) guru; 

(of medicine) tukatg ohat, tahib 

(Ar.), dukun; (European) doh- 

tor; (Chinese) sergse"' (Ch. sien- 

s-t" = teacher) ; (esp. ol' magic 

arts) homo,'^ honior.'^ 
Doctor, V. t. ohatli-an; (tamper with, 

falsify) cliampur, laucJiorglwi* 
Doctrine (dok'trin), s. prgajaran. 
Document (-u-ment), s. surat k- 

ryataan, surat Jctrargan. 
Dodge (doj), v. i. (in running) 

klecheJv, berJcUt/' (by moving the 

body) elak. 
Dodge, s. (cunning trick) 'al'al, 

elah"-' (Ar. iielah). 
Doe (do), s. rnsa htina, hijarg htina. 

Doe rabbit, huchirg hianda htiua. 
Doff (dof), V. t. targgalkan;^ huha. 
Dog (dog), s. anjirg; (for hunting) 

anjirg perhuruan. 
Dogcart (dog'kart), s. kreta dokat, 

kreia lokat (E.). 
Dogfish (-fish), s. ikan yu kcJiil, yu 

Dogged (-g^'d), adj. (obstinate) 

dqil, dgel (B.) ; (persistent) mali 

slap* m rylap-njlap * 
Doggrel, (-grel), s. sliair yarg 

Dogma (dog'ma), s. (doctrine) pnj- 

ajaran agauia. 
Dogmatize (-tlz), v. i. (teach with 

undue confidence) mrgajar drgan 

Dog's-eared (dogz'erd), adj. k- 

Doily (doi'li), s. kain lapek/-' lapek 

Doings (doo'ingz), s. perbnatan, 

Dole (dol), V. t. bri berronchet-ron- 

chet* kasi renchet-rencliet (B.). 
Doleful (dorfflol), adj. (sorrow- 
ful ) berdukach Ua,'^ berckin ta : 

(dismal) m or org; (causmg grief) 
yatg mmblaskan liati, 

Doll (dol), s. auak-anak, patoiy. 

Dollar (dol'ler), s. rirggit, rial' 

Dolphin (dol'tin), s. lumba-lumba. 

Dolphin-striker (-strlk-er), s.. 
(Xaut.v) pnjantan, butoh-butoli. 

Dolt (dolt), s. orarg bodoli, oratg 
bhal, orarx] bnak, si-tolu. 

Domain (do-man'), s. (territory) 
ianah milek (Ar.), kawasan;"^ (de- 
mesne) kamporg. The sultans 
domain, tanah yarg di bawah pren- 
fall sultan. 

Dome (dom), s. qtibah'^ (Ar. qub- 

Domeshaped (-shapt), adj. ber- 

Domestic (do-mes'tik), s. ora^g 

Domestic, adj. (of the home) n/- 
tiiah targga (a). Domestic af- 
fairs, perkara rumah targga. Do- 
mestic duties, kerja di rumah. 
Domestic animals, binatarg jinak. 

Domesticate (-ti-kat), v. t. (tame) 
jinakkan; (adopt for one's own 
country) lazimkan (Ar.). 

Domicile (dom'i-sil), s. tmpat k- 
dudokan, tmpat kdiaman/^ tmpat 

Dominant (-nant), adj. yarg mm- 
reutaJikau, yarg mnjadi kpala. 

Dominate (-nat), v. prentahkan. 

Domineer (-ner'), v. i. (rule arro- 
gantly) prentahkan digan cliorg- 
kali. To domineer over, kraskan^ 
peril ambakan. 

Domineering (-ing), adj. hati bsar,. 
brgis, kras prentah. 

Dominion (do-min'y?/n), s. (su- 
preme authority) prentah, pmren- 
taJtan; (territory governed) tanah 
prentahan, tanah milek (Ar.). 

Domino (dom'i-no), s. (mask) 
toperg; (the game) daninah,^ 
■main dabal,'^ main paikau (B.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; f5od, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




©on (don), v. t. (put on dress) jm- 
Ix'ail'on, knakan. 

Donate (do-njit'), v. t. hn; (to in- 
feriors ) a n lujrali I'ait ( Sk. ) , A^- urn ia- 
/.u/j- , (Sk.) ; (for a religious pur- 
pose) ■wakafhan (Ar.). 

Donation (-na'sluin), s. pmhrian, 
hadiah (Ar.). 

Done (dun), adj. (finished) kahis, 
pains, sudali; (made public, exe- 
cuted) laliir'^ (Ar. tlakir)^ dsai, 
slise (B.). 

Donkey (dono-'ki), s. Valdai . 

Donor (do'nor), s. yaiy mmhri, 
pm hri. 

Doom (doom), s. 
tence) hnkurnan, 

]i put limn 

hutn; (destiny) untotrj, nasih, na- 
sib yarg malaty; (ruin) chlaha. 

Doom, V. t. (condemn) jatohhan 
Jiukum. afa-f, putitskafi Jiukum; 
(appoint by fate, destine) tntu- 
kan : (decree, of God) takdirkan 

Doomsday (ilrxlmzMa). s. (day of 
death) ajal (Ar.) ; (final judg- 
ment) liari kianiat, kiamat. 

Door (dor), s. pintv, lawanj (X.I.) ; 
(of a city or fort) pintu gerharqj^ 
In doors, di rumah. Out of doors, 
di luar. di ianali* 

Doorkeeper (dor'kep-er), s. p- 
nu}ij(j}i pintu, oiwy jaga pintu. 

Doormat (-mat), s. prgsat kaki* 
ksatan kaki/^ iikar qosok kaki 

Doorpost (-post), s. jnanj pintu.^ 

Doorsi!! (-sil). s. hudul pintu."^ 

Dormant (dor'm«nt) adj. (at rest) 
icrdiinn ; (in abeyance) ierlinii. 

Dormitory (-mi-to-ri), s. hilel' 
tidor oranj ramai. 

Dose (dos), s. (of medicine) had 
(Ar.), tiap (Ch.), satu kali makan 
(B.). In doses, s-kian H-kinn ha- 

Dot (dot), s. Hick, nofa/^ (Ar. 7iuq- 
TaJi ) . 

Dotaj>:e (do'tej), s. njaujok* mnja- 
n/ot (B.). 

Dotard (-terd), ?. oraiy fua nja- 
n/ok* orarg iua niujaiyot (B,). 

Dote (dot), V. i. (be weak minded) 
jadl njanjokf (be weakly affec- 
tionate) saijarg mrggila-gila* 

Double (dub'l), adj. (twofold) her- 
ganda* herlipat, dua kali; (two 
layers) dua lapis: (two of a kind) 
hcrdua. Double doors, pintu her- 
kpak dua. Double profits, lipat 
gun da untoig-nja.^ 

Double, V. i. t. (multiply by two) 
gandakan* duakan ; (fold) lijmi 

Double-barrelled (-Imr'rcld), adj. 
(of a gun) snaparg kmhar, snaparg 
pigantiu/^ snaparg dua laras, sua- 
patg mat a dua. 

Double-faced (-fast), adj. hati 
bcrc/tabarg, inuka-muka, nmka dua. 

Double-tongued (-tungd), adj. 
lidnh bf'rchabanj, lidah biawak.'^ 

Doubly (dub'U), adv. dua kali. 

Doubt (dowt), V. i. mnaroh shah 
(Ar.), kuranj perrhai/a. 

Doubt, v. t. shakkau (Ar.), kasi ta'- 
sdup hati. 

Doubt, s. shak (Ar.), waham (Ar.), 
wasatgka (Sk.), bimbarg, tasdap 
kali (B.). 

Doubtful (dowt'fo^l), adj. (hesitat- 
ing in belief) bimbatg; (uncer- 
tain) taHntu. It is doubtful, 
■ 'ntak. 

Doubtless (-les). adv. ta'dapat- 
tiada, tiada shak lagi,* tutu, ns- 
rhaj/a (Sk.). 

Douceur (doo-ser'), s. baksis. 

Dough (do), s. adonan.'* 

Doughty (dow'ti), adj. brani, per- 
kasa (Sk.). 

Doughy (do'i), adj. (uncooked, as 
I) read) ntntah; (pasty) pkat. 

Douse (dows'), v. t. slamlcan, ch- 

Dove (duv), s. The Malay has no 

a-te, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, rec6"nt, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; fise, ns, minMS, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 





^ijeneric term. The domestic dove 
is hurorg dara* merpati (Sk.) and 
koniba (Port.) ; the wild species 
arc (beginuing with the smallest) 
inerholi, ktiiir* tk uk it r oi halam* 
punai, perganij, raica.^' 

Dovecote (duv'kot), s. sargkaraii 

Dovetailing (-taring), s. hajanj,^ 
kuku hajatg* 

Dowager (dou'a-jer), s. glaran 
J an da oraig berhaigm/'' janda 
kaya, hujatg her hi (B.). Queen 
dowager, honda raja,'^' mak raja 
yaig hujaig (B.). 

Dowdy (dow'di), s, hurarg kachak. 

Dowel (dow'd), s. pasak:^ 

Dower (dow'er), s. (gift) anugrah 
(Sk.) ; (of a widow) hlanja ataa 
fjusaka prenipuan janda. 

Down (down), s. (on himian skin) 
bulu ronian : (of birds) bidu pa- 
hat* hnln /talus (B. ). Downs 
(grazing land), padaig. 

Down, adv. hawali, di-bawali. To 
go down, turun; (of the sun) tu- 
run, masok: (of a ship) tigglaia. 
Up and down, naik-tunin, 'rg- 
kap'igkip* Downwards, k-ba- 
wah. Down streajn, liiUr.'^ 

Down, prep, k-hawah, sampai k- 
bawah, turun. 

Downfall (down'fal). s. (of heavy 
masses) krobohan, kruntohanf' 
(destruction, ruin) khinasa'an. 

Downright (-rit), adj. (open, iin- 
diaguised) btul, trus; (altogether) 

Downward (-werd), adv. k-bawali, 

Downy (-i), adj. berhulu. 

Dowry (dow'ri), s. isi kaliwhi^' 
rna.'i kahu'in* tekpai (B.) (Ch.). 

Doze (doz), V. i. mrgantok, m- 
radam* lalai. 

Doze, s. radam,^' lalai. 

Dozen (dnz'Ti), s. losin, losen, 

Dozing (doz'ing), s. nirgantok. 

Drab (drab), adj. iverna latgsat. 

Drachm (dram), s. see dkam. 

Draft (draft), s. (bill of exchange) 
i<urat tukaran, draf (E.), vjesel 
(X.I.) (D. u'issel) : (rough com- 
position) rnchana* raig;* (of 
soldiers) pa,<okan. 

Draft, V. t. (delineate) talis; (com- 
pose) rn-chanakan/' kararg; (sol- 
diers) krahkau.* 

Drag (drag), v. t. tarek, serei, hela,. 
ruutun, lieretj,^ eret.^ 

Drag, V. i. (as an anchor) larat,- 
(linger) laun* berlaun,* larat. 

Drag, s. (grapnel) parit_, cliandai 

Draggle (drag'gi), v. i. (trail on 
the ground) leret, rnleret (B.) ; 
I (soil by dragging) glumatgkan. 

Dragnet (drag'net), s. (seine) pu-- 
kaf : (a small dragnet) targgoh* 

Dragoman (-o-man), s. juru-bham.. 

Dragon (-?/n), ?. naga. 

Dragon-fly (-til), s. tnun-itiun,*' 

Dragon's blood (-«nz blud), s. 

Drain (dran), v. t. (cause to flow) 
alirkau* cli uchurkan* lelchkan, 
mldchkan (B.) : (exhaust of li- 
quid )/;/.s-^y/7?;* (make dry) kriig-^ 
kan, sjat.'^' 

Drain, s. Jorgkatg, paril, alur,"^- salur- 

Drainage (dian.'ej), s. /<a/ ai/er mrg- 
aiir/^ lial mrgalirkan ayer.'^' 

Drainer (-er), s. orarg yarg mrggali 
pa rit. 

Drake (drak), f'. itek junta a. 

Dram (dram), -. sukatan ohat = s^ 
tigah .wdu* te/t Isendok (B.)]. 

Drama (dra'ma), s. ivayarg, raa'^ 

Dramatic (di-a-mafik), adj. irayarg 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, lien, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; fise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




Drape (drap), v. t. (a window) 
(janlorg lanjsi^' \largse (B.)] ; (ar- 
range the folds oi* a skirt) ihii 
kain btul-btal. 

Draper (dra'per), s. OJwy oerl'dai 

Drapery (-i), s. (cloth in o'cneral) 
l-ain-kain; (hanging) latysi, larg- 
.6 (B.). 

Draught (draft), s. (in drinking) 
ffjok, chf/ok; (of air) argin, pu- 
putan atgin* hayu (Sk.) ; (deptli 
of water) dalam-nja. A ship of 
10 feet draught, kapal yanj 7nal'ati 
W kaJii daJam-nja. See also DR.vrr. 

Draught, adj. pnarek. A draught 
ox, Imbu pnarek. 

Draughtboard (-bord), s. papan 
chatur;* (for the Malay game) 
papan dam. 

Draughts (drafts), s. (the game) 
main- dam (D.). See checkers. 

Draughtsman (-man), s. pmdis 
pta* tukarg plan. 

.Draw (draw), v. t. (pull, drag) 
tarek, hela, seret, runtun; (extract, 
bring out) (gen.) kluarkan; 
(water) iimha, chedok; (sword) 
Jiunus,'* chahui; (teeth) chabot; 
(inhale) Itimp, iarek nafas; (de- 
lineate, depict) tuh's, lukis; (pre- 
pare a draft) rnchanakan.* To 
•draw a curtain aside, drgkap tirai* 
'Vo draw breath, iarek nafas. To 
draw near, rapat drgan, hampir.* 
To draw out, panjaigkan, lanjiit- 
kan. 'Vo draw together, rapat kan. 
To draw towards one, raph.* To 
draw the ]Hn\t\\Toug\ijparargkan.* 
'J'o draw up (compose), karaty; 
(troops) atur pprargan, ikat prarg; 
(a curtain) selak. To draw in 
(as claws), sorok.* A drawn 
game, sii, balui.'^ 

Draw, V. i. (as a sail) makan argin. 
To draw away or back, undur. To 
draw near, ha tapir * rapat, daiaig 

dkat (B.). To draw together, 

Drawback (draw'bak), s. (loss) 

rugi; (hindrance) sargkotan-. 
Drawbridge (-In-ij), s. jmbatan '. 

Drawer (-er), s. lachi, kotak soronj* 

toak (B.) (Ch.ilioah). Chest of 

drawers, Irnari lachi-laclii, bero* 

Drawers (-erz), s. sluar dalam, 

sluar .mynpak* sluar katok* ch- 

lana dalam (^T.I.). 
Drawing (-ing), s. (the art) ilmu 

mnidis; (picture) gambar, pta.* 
Drawing-room (-room), s. bilek 

orarg datarg. 
Drawknife (-nlf), s. pisaii raeh.* 
Drawl (drawl), v. t. leiues* leret.* 
Drawn (drawn), adj. (emaciated) 

chrgkorg, chans* kmpory.* A 

drawn game, sri, balui.* 
Dray (dra), s. krela pnarek, gro- 

Dread (dred), s. klakotan, dahshat 

Dread, v. t. takoti, iakot akan, takot- 

Dreadful (dred'fool), adj. dahshat 

(Ar.), hebat (Ar. haibat). 
Dream (drem), s. miinjn, mnimjA 

Dream, v. i. bermimpi. 
Dreary (drer'i), adj. susah, yarg 

miiibri sayn.* 
Dredge (drej), s. pigaut lumpur. 
Dredge, v. t. (scrape up) kant, 

kanp;* (spiinkle with liour) ta- 
Dredger (-er), s. pigaut lumpur. 
Dregs (dregz), s. kladak* hamjxis, 

karct* tahi, talk (B.), gredak 

Drench (drench) v. t. (wet) basah- 

kan; (soak) rndaiii. 
Drenched (drencht), adj. basah'^^ 

kuyop, kuyup (B.). 

■ate, ask, iim, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, wore, Hort, korry; use, us, min«s, cure, injure, 

hurry; tOocl, foot, avvfool (awful) ;* law, how, oil; thin then. 




Dress (dres), v. t. (adjust, prepare) 
sJiakaib; (clothe) hiasi* riaskati 
(B.), pakai To dress up, kachak- 
Iran diri. To dress a ship, hiasi 
kapal drgan hndera. To dress the 
hair, dandan ramhot* hersaiygoh 
'\'q dross wounds, ohathan luka. 

Dress, s. pakaian. Full dress, s- 
hgl'ap pakaian kaliormatan,^ pa- 
kaian Irgkap. 

Dresser (dres'er), s. (hospital as- 
sii^tant) pnolofrj doktor; (piece of 
furniture) meja dapur. 

Dressing: (-ing), s. (surgical) kalti 
ha rut, kain bbat. 

Dressmaker (-mak-er), s. tukary 
jahit, darji/^^ 

Dressy (-i), adj. kacltak. 

Dribble (drib'bl), v. i. clilcliirf^ 
ihfcher (B.), hertitek, leleh. 

Driblet (-let), s. Iii driblets, her- 
chicliirath^ teronrliet-oncliet/^ ren- 
i-het-rcnchet (B.). 

Dried (drid)., adj. Dried lish, ikan 
krinj, da'irg, ikan da'irg (B.). 
Dried meat, denderg. 

Drift (drift), s. (tendency, inten- 
tion) maksud; (heap) timhonari. 

Drift. V. i. (be borne along) han/iit, 
/arat, apotg; (accumulate in 
heajxs) hertinihon. To drift to 
leeward) (Xaut.), bias, see 


Driftwood (drift' wood), s. aporg, 
kayu haiyut, Janjau,^' 

Drill (dril),v. t. (bore) gerek: (ex- 
ercise, as soldiers) mrgajarbans. 

Drill, s. (tool) prggereh, gurdi* 
grodi (B.), bar; (exercise) baris, 
hura'id (Ar.) ; (cloth) kain dril 
{ K.), kain puteli Blanda.. 

Drink (dringk), v. i. t. miniim; (of 
princes) .santap;* (to intoxi- 
cation) minum ntabok. 

Drink, s. mininnan; (of princes) 

Drinker (-er)., s. pminurn. 

Drip (drip), v. i. iitek, Uris, rinah* 
Dripping wet, basah kuyop. 

Dripping (-ing), s. mityak prndarg/^ 
mityak gori7g* miryak gorerg 
(B.), miiyak sapi; (after cook- 
ing) mityak Ian jar. ^^ 

Drive (driv),v. t. (urge on) lidlau; 
(wild animals) girirg,"^ burn; 
(nails) pantak;* (carriages and 
machinery) jalankan; (compel) 
paksa; (hurry) buru, baigatkanf-' 
(drive a horse) pgaig ras, pegatg 
ras (B.). To drive away, halau, 
tyahkan* tondoiy.* To drive to 
leeward (Xaut.), babas. 

Drive, v. i. (move furiously) tmpoli; 
(go in a carriage) naik kreta, 
berkrefa; (Xaut.) bias. Driving 
raiji, tmpias. 

Drive, s. (in mines) grotgganjj^ 

Drivel (driv'l), v. i. (slaver) ber- 
lior; (dote) repet* mrapek (B.). 

Drivel, s. (slaver) ayer lior; (un- 
meaning utterance) re pet * rabanf-' 
mrapek (B.). 

Driver (driv'er), s. (coachman) 
savi; (of a cart) pnarek; (of 
motors) ptijalan/^ draiber (E). 

Drizzle (driz'zl), s. hitjan rintek- 
rintek, liujan rniyai.'^^ 

Droll (drol), adj. jtiaka* sloroh. 

Drollery (-er-i), s. klakar, gli liati. 

Dromedary (drum'e-der-i), s. onia. 

Drone (dron), s. (bee) Ibah jantan; 
(sluggard) prygan, piyegan (B.), 
ibii pmalasj* (humming sound) 

Drone, v. i. berdrgorg. 

Droop (drdop), v. i. (hang down) 
hit ok; (as branches) Impaij"^ 
(languish) layu. 

Drop (drop), s. titek, Util (B.), 

Drop, V. t. (pour in drops) titelc' 
kan, titiskan;* (let fall, gen.) 
jatohkan; (in driblets, or accident- 
ally) chick irkan; (of leaves, fruit, 
etc.) lurohkan;'^ (prematurely) 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

huTiry; food, foot, awfool (awful),; law, how, oil; thin then. 





(lugurl-an: (let down, as curtains, 
anchor or nets) laholil'an; (dis- 
continue, give up) herhniikan, 
hrenti (B.) ; (omit) tinjqallcan. 
To drop off, lucliufkan. To drop 
on. UinpaJi'an. 

Drop, V. i. (fall in drops) hertiiel', 
hertiiis^' m n itek; (fall in general) 
jaioh, clikliir, lurolij^' (juqur; see 
above, and also fall. 

Dropsy (drop's!), s. smhah; (ele- 
phantiasis) uniut.^ 

Dross (dros), s. Jiampas, ialii, iaik 
(B.) : (in smelting) saiga,^ trak.'^ 
■Opium dross, iahi cliandu. Silk 
dross, liampas sutra, ialii kuiis.'^ 

Drought (droAvt), s. kmarau. 

Drove (drov), s. (of animals) ka- 

Drover (-er), s. prfjhalau, gomhala. 

Drown (drown), v. i. (suffocate) 
mail Tinas dalani ayer. 

Drown, v. t. (submerge) frr/gJam; 
(inundate) lembakkan :'^' (kill by 
immersion) hvnoli di'Slam: (over- 
power, of sounds) herkntikan, 
brcnilkan (B.). To drown one's 
sorrows in wiui\ hilargkan su-sali 
drgan mabok. 

Drowsiness (drow'zi-nes), s. m- 
rgantok, terlalai. 

Drowsy (drow'zi), adj. mrgatiiok, 
terlalai: (with drinlv) klmyal 

Drub (drub), v. t. pal a, piikol, ga- 
$ak, banial. 

Drudge (druj), \,\, berllali/^ her' 
lamk:^ kerja kuat (B.). 

Drudge, s. oratg lasak,'^ 

Drudgery (-er-i), s. llahr kerja 
lasak/'' kerja kj-as (B.). 

Drug (drug), s. (medicine) obat; 
(narcotic) ohaf hkis'^' (Pers. hi- 
liaiish)^ obat iidor. 

Drug, V. t. (stupify with narcotics) 
mabokkan, hkiskanf^ (as thieves) 

Drugget (drug'get), s. (for a pro- 
cession) p'uadai (Tam.). 

Druggist (-gist), iukarg obat, pn- 
jual obat.apoiek (X.l!) (D.). 

Drum (drimi), s. (Eur.) tamhor; 
(Ar.) tahal,^' nobatf' (mosque 
drum) bdok :* (small) rbana, 
(large) gndarg, gndraig^' 

Drum, T. i. (with the hands) pukol; 
(with the drumstick) palu, ta- 
boli :'^' (the accompaniment, beat- 
ijig time) tirgkali* 

Drummer (-mer), s. (Eur.) orarg 
pniukol iambur. 

Drumstick (-stick), s. taboh/^ p- 
mahi tambur.'^' 

Drunk (drungk), adj. mabok; 
(slightly) khayal (Ar.). Blind 
drunk, dead drunk, mabok hurga 
slaseh/^' mabok ta'sdar (B.). 

Drunkard (drungk'erd), s. pmabok, 
pininum, iahi arak, talk arak (B.). 

Dry (dri), adj. krirg; (of weather) 
kmarau; (thirsty) hans, ber- 
dhaga/'' (uninteresting) tu'sdap. 
A dry well, prig I kkriigan ayer, 
prigl buta. Dry season, muslm k- 

Dry, V. t. (gen.) krirgkan; (in the 
sun) jmor; (in the air) atginlcan. 
To liang on a line to dry, sldm.* 
Dried fish, Ikan-, krirg, da'lry. Dried 
meat, dendcrg. 

Dryness (drl'nes), s. kkrirgan. 

Dub (dub), V. t. glar, parggil. 

Dubious (du'bi-7/s), adj. (wavering 
in opinion) blmbarg haii, shak 
hail (Ar.) : ((juestionable) yary 
ada shak. A dubious answer, ja- 
vab taint a. 

Duchess (duch'es), s. paigkat prcm^ 
puan berbaigsa* isiri "diike.'^ 

Duck (duk), s. (sail cloth) kain 
layer. f- 

Duck, s. itek, bebek (X.I.). The 
common duck, itek Jawa. Manila 
duck, itek Manila. Teal, blibis."^ 
Diver, itek aycr, dndarg ayer.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sorCj sort, sorry; use, us, minims, cure, injure, 

hiirrj-; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Benggali duck, if eh sural i* To 
make ducks and drakes, lanchar- 
kan batu.''' 

Duck, V, t. (thrust under water) 
damhaih, tryglamlun; (bow the 
head) tundok kpala, elakJcan kpala. 

Duckling ( duk'ling), s. anak ifek. 

Ductile (-nl), adj. mrghulor. 

Dude (dud), s. si kachak, psolek. 

Dudgeon (duj'im), s. marah, gram. 

Due (du), adj. (owing, payable) 
liutaig, /xitut di'hayer; (proper, 
suitable) iHxtut, padan, lai/ak; (ap- 
pointed, exact) f7itu, btul; (owing 
to a cau>e) di-datargkan oUli, di- 

Due, adv. f/;a#.* Due East, iimor 

Due, s. (debt) hutaig : (what is 
right) yarg patut: (right, just 
claim) hak* (Ar. uaqq). Dues, 
(legal) chukai; (of clubs) i/u- 

Duel (du'el), ?. lairanan sama s'~ 

Duelling (-ing), s. hertikam afau 
mnemhak sama s'orarg. 

Duet (du-ef), s. hutyi-hunjiaii orarg 
berdua, ryon/tan berdua. 

DUgong (d(">6'gong), s. dui/org.'^' 

Duffer (duffer), s. orarg bodoli, 
orarg drgu/^ klcdek. 

Dugout (dug'owt), s. (Xaut.) 
jalor, sag or (Pk.). 

Duke (duk), s. patgkat orarg ber- 
bargsa* Lower ranks are: mar- 
quis, earl, viscount, baron, baronet. 

Dull (dul), adj. fstu|»d) bodoh, 
bnak, drgiif (slow) lambat; 
(blunt) tiimpol; (dim, obscure) 
kJam* rdop; (depressing, tedious) 
ta'sdap; (of colour) udam* spidr'^ 
(of sound) btgap;"^ (without lus- 
tre) kiisanir 

Dull, V. t. see above. 

Dullness (durnes), s. see above. 

Duly (dil'li), adv. dtgaii s-patut-iya, 
drgan sperti-iya. 

Dumb (dum), adj. (unable to 

speak) bisa; (speechless) kliC.''' 
Dumfound (dum-fownd'), v. t. klu- 

kan* biigoigkan. 
Dumfounded (-^d), adj. terpgim.^ 
Dummy (dum'mi), s. (model) 

chontoh; (lay figure) jxiforg. 
Dumpling (dumpling), s. roti rbus. 
Dumps (dumps), s. hati ivalarg^^ 

susah liati, morotg. 
Dun (dun) adj. icerna laigsat. 
Dun, V. t. tinggu hutaig, tageh.-'' 
Dunce (duns), s. orarg bnak, orarg 

dtgu/^ orarg kpaki batu. 
Dung (dung), s. tahi, talk (B.) ; 

(manure) baja. 
Dungeon (dun'j//n), s. pnjara 

glapr jet glap (E.). 
Dupe (dup), s. yaig kna tipu. 
j Dupe, V. t. tipu, perdayakan* 
I Duplicate (dii'pli-kat), \A. kmbar- 

kafi, lapiskan. 
Duplicate (-ket), adj. (double) 

km bar. 
Duplicate, s. (copy) tiruan/'' pn- 

dua/^ kopi (E.). 
Duplicity (du-plis'i-ti), s. haii ber- 

Durable (dfir'a-bl), adj. yaig tahan 

Jama, yaig baiyak tahan. 
Durance (-a us), s. hal kna pnjara/^ 

hal kna jd (E.). 
Duration (-a'sh^m), s. lama-nja; 

(of life) 'umor. 
During (-ing), prep, smanfara, s- 

darg, s-lama, tigah. 
Dusk (dusk), s. (morning) iraig 

tanah; (evening) snjakala. 
Dusky (dusk'i), adj. (partially 

dark) kabus/^ sllam r^ (dark 

coloured) hit am man is. 
Dust (dust), s. (of the earth) /&«,* 

dbu (►Sk.), duli;* (powder) ser- 

bok, habok; (finer dust) sarap;"^ 

(the finest dust) serdak.* Gold 

dust, 'mas urai. J?ice dust, mlu- 

Dust, V. t. (free from dust) sapu. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin (7<en. 




sapii hahoJi-; (by shaking) hirai- 
/can;* (sprinkle with dust) siram 

Dusty (dust'i), adj. herdhu/^ her- 

Dutch (diieh), adj. Blanda. 

Dutiful (du'ti-fool), adj. herhaMi 
(Sk.), her jam (Sk.). ' ' 

Duty (dii'ti), s. (that which is 
obligatory) ferdlu (Ar.), perlu 
(^J.),mu-hin (B.) (Ch.) : (as- 
signed serAice) wajib{Ar.) ; (loyal- 
ty due to superiors) jasa (Sk.), 
balcti (Sk.) ; (taxes) cliul'a% ha- 
sil, hia (X.I.). On duty, in/ah h- 
kerja. Off duty, Jpas l-erja. 

Dwarf (dwarf), adj. (of persons) 
IcerdUf (of fowls) hateh; (of 
plants) rndiat, teirnchat. 

Dwarf, s. ora)ff Icerdil* orarg pen- 
deh (B.). ^ 

Dwarf, v. t. IrhiU-an.^ rnchafl'an. 

Dwarfish (-ish), adj. hatek. 

Dwell (dwel), v. i. (abide, continue) 
tirggal, tirggal ttap, kkal; (reside) 
diam,, dudok, ihggal; (of princes) 
smayam;* (temiporarily) tumpa'n]. 

Dwelling (-ing), s. tmpat dudok, 
kdudokan, k din man /^ runiah. 

Dwindle (dwin'dl), v. i. jadi knrarg, 
susut, luak* herkuraiy-kurargan. 

Dye (di), y. t. chlop. 

Dye, s. aj/er pnchlop. 

Dyer (dl'er), s. tuMrg clilop, pn- 

Dying (-ing), adj. irgah mati, Tin- 
dak nudtggalr nazak* (Ar. na- 
z(C) : (of princes) hndak manj- 
kaf* Dyiiig day, ajal (Ar.), 
hari mati, siki (B.) (Ch. si-M). 

Dyke, sec dikk. 

Dynamics (di-nam'iks), s. Hlmu 
kiiasa bnranf i/atg hergrak. 

Dynamo (di'na-mo), s. jnlra elek- 

Dynasty (din'as-ti), s. kturunan 

Dysentery (dis'en-ter-i), s. bimrg- 

\ ayer darah, berak darah, chirit 
; darah (Ils^.I.). 

I Dyspepsia (dis-pep'si-a)^ s. salit 

kurarg hadham (Ar.), makanan 

, ta'hanchur* makanan kurarg cher- 

•■ na (Sk.), makan ta'smu (Ch.) 

Each (ech), pron. tiap-tia-p, masiig- 
masirg, satu-satu, sabaii (N.I.) ; 
(in the sense of every) s-bUarg,* 
sgala. Each other, s'oraig akan 
^' orarg,* salu digan Iain, satu 
sania lain (B.). 

Eager (e'ger), adj. irgin, mrgiJar 
(B). gerarg (B.) (N.I.). To be 
eager to, glitek hndak,* gltek hn- 

Eagle (e'gl), e. burorg larg hsar, 
raja-waU (Sk.) ; but larg raja-wali 
is a small hawk. Fish eagle, larg 
laid, larg siput.* 

Ear (er), g. (organ of hearing) 
tliiga,* kupitg (B.) (N.I.) ; (sense 
of hearing) pnrgaran; (handle, 
lug, if one only) targkai,* (if 
two) fling a:* (of grain) arai* 
bulir;* (of palms) mayarg. Td 
give ear, bri tlirga, pasarg tlirga. 
Lobe of the ear. cliupiig* tlirga. 
Orifice of the ear, lobarg tlirga. 
Drum of the ear, buli-buli tlirga,* 
anak tlirga.* External ear, dmm 

Earache (erak), s. sahit tlhga, 
sakit kupinj (B.) (IST.!.) ; (a run- 
ning at the ear) torek;* (with 
swelling) bunfitg tliiga. 

Eardrop (er'drop), s. (pendants) 
antirg-antitg ; (flat studs) krabuj^ 
siibarg, see j:ai{RIN(;. 

Earl (erl), s. pargkat orarg her* 
baigsa yaig kiiga, see duke. 

Earliest (er'li-est), adj. yaig mula 
skali, yarg atral skali (Ar.). 

Early (er'li), adv. (soon) siarg^ 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws. cure, injure, 

hiirrj'; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin f/ten. 




slaty; (in the morning) pagi-pagi, 
snhoh-suholi (Ar.). 

Early, adj. (in advance of the time) 
siatg; (of a former period) dhulu. 

Earn (ern), v. t. (deserve, merit) 
patiit kna, patut mndapat; (ac- 
quire b}' labour) beroleh* dapat, 
chari. To earn one's living, mn- 
chari* mnchari makan. 

Earnest (er'nest), adj. (heartfelt) 
sunggoli-liati; (ardent, zealous) 
bcrmuggoh-suiggoli, berusaha 

Earnest, s. cJugkram, cliagaran/'' 
pan jar (N.I. ). Also earnest- 

Earnestness (-nes), s. sutggoli'liati, 
umka (Sk.), geraty (B.). 

Earnings (ern'ingz), s. pndapatan, 
pn charian, peroleli «/? .* 

Earring (er'ring), s. anUig-antirg , 
k u nanj-k a naig s-kb unj^ kii mifj- 
kunaig (B.) ; see eawdkoj'. 

Earth (erth), s. (the globe) bumi; 
(inhabited world) dunia; 'alam 
( Ar.) ; (earth^s surface) bumi, 
muka bumi; (dry land, as dis- 
tinguished from water) darat; 
(soil) taimli, bumi. 

Eartiienware (erth'n-war), s. (pot- 
tery) pirggan-rnargkok, prioh-bla- 
■uja; (the material) tmbekar* 

Earthly (erth'li), adj. (worldly) 
rhara dunia. Of no earthly use, 
ta'guna sain piinj^' ia'guna skali, 
ta'guna satu a pa pun (B.). 

Earthquake (-kwak), s. gmpa 
humi, lindu (Jav.). 

Earthwork (-work), s. kerja gali- 
nuggaJi; (Mil.) kubu. 

Earthworm (-werm), s. chachitg. 

Ear wax (er'waks), s. taJii tliiga, 
laik kupirg (B.). 

Earwig (er'wig), s. tmpiras.^' 

Ease (ez),s. (freedom from labour) 
f^naig, laparg, perlintlan; (from 
care) snarg, sntosa;^ Iga. Ill at 
ease, ta;lga,^ ia'tntu ram, ia'sdap 

rasa (B.). With ease (easily), 
mudah/'' anarg, rergan, gamparg 

Ease, V. t. snargkan, rergankan. To 
ease one's self, buaig ayer, k'- 

Easel (e'zl), s, kuda-kuda gambar, 
sandaran papan-li itam* 

Easily (ez'i-li), adv. mudali/^ sn- 
aig, gamparg (N.I.). 

East (Cst), s. Urn or; matahari hi^ 
dop, matahari terbit/^ mashrik 
(Ar.). The East Indies, negri di 
baicah angin. Xorth-east, timor 
laut. South-east, ttggara.* 'N. 'N. 
E., utara timor laut.'^ E. X. E., 

. timor timor laut* E. S. E., timor 
mniggaraJ^ 8. S. E., slat an mmg- 

Easter (es'ter), s, pa^ska (Ar. fas- 

Easterly, adj. sblah timor. 

Eastern (est'ern), adj. timor, shlah 
timor. Eastern lands, negri yang 
di bairah argin.'^' 

Eastward (est'werd), adv. k-sblah 
timor, arah k'timor. 

Easy (ez'i), adj. (free from labour) 
stiatg: (from care) sntosa^ Iga; 
(not difficult) mudah/-^ snarg, 
gamparg (N.I.) ; (with little la- 
bour) r erg an. Xot easily broken, 
ta'suarg-suarg putus.^' Easy fit- 
ting, long gar, c/ilus.* Easy-going, 
bertuakal* (Ar. tairakkul)'. To 
hnd it easy, ra^a snatg. 

Eat (et), V. i. t. makan; (of prin- 
ces) santap;'^' (meat, etc., without 
rice) ratah; (as cattle) ragut;* 
(slang words) gasak, parap, hdal, 
liniam, chkck, etc.; (in speaking 
to a child) mam. To eat one^s 
fill of, pua.^ makan, jnoh makan.* 
To eat with the mouth full, ma- 
kan mmolok-moJok, makan ter- 
polok'polok. To eat out of the 
same plate, eat together, makan 
s-daun, makan s-pinjgan. See 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, ber, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




FOOD. To eat in (as a canker), 

Eatable (-a-bl), adj. dapat'^ di- 
7iiakan, holeh di-mahan. Lawful 
for eating, halal (Ar.). 

Eatable, s. makanaii; (of princes) 
santapan;^ (by a servant of his 
own food, in addressing a prince) 

Eating (et'ing), s. makan. Eating 
house, rninak niakan, I'dai )nakan, 
I'dai nasi. 

Eau de Cologne (5-de-ko-lon'), s. 
ayer daUoig (F.), ayer Icolorg 
(B.), mityak kloiyor (X.I.). 

Eaves (evz), chuchoran atap.'^ 

Eavesdrop (evz'drop), v. i. diyar 
mnchuri-cliun, dtyar nDyndcup- 
'iyndap, uDyumr chiichor atap, 
churi-drgar (B.). 

Eaves moulding (mdld'ing), s. 

Eavestrough (evz'trof), s. saluran, 
saluran ayer. 

Ebb (eb), s. (of tide) ayer surut; 
(dead low water) Urn pas. Ebb 
and flow, pasaiy-s-urut. 

Ebb, V. i. (of tide) surut; (decline, 
decay) susut. 

Ebony (eb'on-i), s. kayu arary. 

Ebullition (eb-ul-lish'im), s. (boil- 
ing or effervescence) dideli,'^ mn- 
dicli (B.), hual: (noisy) glyak. 
An ebullition of anger, naik ma- 
rah, datarg marah, naik panas, 
rmik niradatg. 

Eccentric (ek-sen'trik), adj. (out 
of the centre) ia'sama pusal-iya;^ 
tiada sama tryah; (irregular) ti- 
ada ikut 'adat; (in behaviour) 
herlainan iabi'at,^ haiyak kletah,* 
sasar, paiiik (B.) ( Ch. phdi"-fek). 

Eccentricity (-tris'i-ti), s. tabi'at 
yarg plek;^ kleiali,'^ sasaran, pai- 
ilk (Ch.) (B.). 

Ecclesiastical (ek-kle-zi-as'ti-kl) , 
adj. deri-hal agama Msihi* (Ar. 
ma.niii), Kristian, deri-hal greja. 

Echo (ek'6), s. gma;^ yaoty, halasan 

Echo, V. i. (repeat the sound) halas 
huiyi, hergma,* hergaorg. 

Eclipse (e-klips'), s. yerham (Sk.). 
An eclipse of the moon, hulan di- 
makan rahu. An eclipse of the 
sun, matahari di-makan rahu. 

Eclipse, V. t. (obscure) ylapkan, 
klamkan:* (overshadow by sur- 
passing) Jbehi.^ 

Economic (e-ko-nom'ik), adj. dryan 
perafuran, digan iaclbir (Ar.). 

Economical (e-ko-nom'i-kl), adj. 
digan chemiat, tahu simpan, blan- 
ja dryan jimat, jiniat, bertadbir 

Economize (e-kon'o-miz), v. t. 
preniahkan dtgaii chemiat. 

Economize, v. i. simpan, kurargkan 
blanjn, iadbirkan blanja (Ar.), 
hJanja kium-kiatn (B.) (Ch. 

Economy (e-kon'o-mi), s. (manage- 
ment) jjrentah, pera-turan; (thrift) 
rhermat, jimat blanja, tadbir 

Ecstasy (ek'sta-si), s. (excitement) 
gmbera.^ An ecstasy of joy, suka- 
chila yarg amat saigaf* suka-hati 
yatg bsar skali (B.j. 

Eddy (ed'di), s. (return current) 
olak;* (circular current) pusaran, 
ayer, j^if-^aran argin; (whirlwind) 

Eddy, V. i. berolak.-^ 

Edge (ej), s. (of knives, etc.) mata: 
(margin, brink) tpi, pirggir (Is. 
I.) ; (rim, as of cups, etc.) hihirf 
(border) birai/^ aris.* Set on 
edge (of the teeth) jgilu, lyilu, 
s'ugkil.* Edge of the sea, yiyi 
ayer/^ gigi laut,"^ 1 pi laut. 

Edge, V. i. (move sideways) kesut. 

Edging (ej'ing), s. (trimming) 
rambu-raiubu'y (border of a mat) 
onipok:'^ (of a path) pryikat ja- 
lan;'^ (of lace, scolloped) biku.^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Edible (ed'i-bl)^, adj. rjarg hoJeh dl- 

Edict (e'dikt), s. iiiali/'' liuhnm. 

Edification (ed-i-fi-ka'shidi), s. hal 
mngohkan hail. 

Edifice (ed'i-fis), s. laiyunan. 

Edify (ed'i-fi), v. t. (instruct) 
tgohl'an liati. 

Edit (ed'it), v. t. l-aratg, hiulkan 
l-araryan oraig. 

Edition (e-dish'wn), s. Mraigan. 
Second edition, chap hdiia Jcali- 
nja, chitak'an yafy I'duaJ'' 

Editor (ed'i-ter), s. pigararg. 

Editorial (ed-i-tor'i-al), s. Icararg- 
an pigaraig. 

Educate (ed'ii-kat), v. t. ajar, 
a jar I , plihara* hla"^'. 

Education (ed-u-ka'sliMn), s. prg- 
ajaran, pmlihara'an.^' Of no 
('ducation, I'urarg plajaran. 

Educe (e-dus'), v. t. (produce, 
(.'volve) klvarkan, lahirkan'^ (Ar. 

Eel (el), y. bluL Conger eel, ma- 

Efface (ef-fas'), v. t. (erase) lia^ 
puskan; (cause to disappear) hi- 
J Jargkan, Inryapkan. 

Effect (ef-fekf), s. (result of) yaig 
di-datarrjkan oleli, yatg di-shah- 
kan oleh;'^ (impression) hkaSj 
ksudahan, kdatargan; (efficiency, 
power) huasa, Tchasiat (Ar.) ; 
(purpose, intention) malcsud 
(Ar.) Effects (property), lierta- 
hnda, haraig-haranj. 

Effect, V. t. (produce, cause) datarg- 
kan, shahkan;'-' (achieve, bring to 
pass) adal'an, lakiikan,"^ kerjakan, 

Effective (ef-fek'tiv), adj. (able to 
work) ya7g hoi eh bkerja; (effi- 
cient) her g una, herkha.siat (Ar.). 
l^ffective work, pkerjaan yatg mm- 
hri hkas.^ 

Effectual (ef-fek'cliu-al), adj. yarg 
rnlakukan* yarg mryampaikan. 

Effeminacy (ef-fem'i-na-si), s. rsmi 

Effeminate (-nat), adj. chara pi'em- 

Effervesce (ei'-fer-ves'), v. i. hnak/'' 

glg<(k, berhnsa (B.). 
Effete (ef-fef), adj. yarg sudah hi- 

Jarg kuam, hurok, Jmah, 
Efficacious (ef-fi-ka'sht/s), v. her- 

kuasa, herkhasiat (Ar.), mustajdb 

Efficacy (effi-ka-si), s. kliasiat 

Efficiency (ef-fisliVn-si), s. kua^m, 

Efficient (ef-fish'ent), adj. her- 

huasa, herkhasiat (Ar.), pandai, 

ahli (Ar.). 
Effigy (ef'fi-ji), s. patoig, gamhar. 
Effluvium (ef-flii'vi-^/rQ), s. wap, 

hail husok. 
Effort (ef'fert), s. To make an 

effort, a^'hu, as, she made two or 

three efforts, dua tiga kali di-achu- 

n/a; gagahi diri; (try) choha. 
Effrontery (ef-frunt'er-i), s. miika 

thai, muka pa pan, muka ta'maln. 
Effulgence (ef-ful'jens), s. kilat, 

si nor, chahya. 
Effulgent (-jrnt), adj. herkilat, 

gila ?g-g milarg,'-^ chmerlarg.'^ 
Effusion (ef-fii'zhim), s. (pouring 

out) pnchuralian, pnchvchoran,"'' 

Effusive (-siv), s. pramah. 
Egg (eg), s. tlor. ^^^lite of an 

a^g, pnteh tlor. Yolk, merah tlor. 

The germ, piisat ilor, maia tlor. 

Preserved eggs, tlor asin, tlor jrok. 

Addled ogg, tlor tmbhtg. Eggs 

used at a wedding, tlor tajok,* 

tlor merah. Fried eggs, tlor mata 

Imhu, tlor mata mpi (X.I.). 

Boiled eggs, see P.01L. 
Egg, V. t. To ("g^ on, hurkan, asut, 

I/sot (B.) : (as animals) o/a.* 
Eggplant (eg'plant), s. trorg. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Egg-shaped (eg'shapt), adj. hujor^ 

Eggshell (eg'shel), s. Iculit tlor; 

(when empty) Mompaiy.* 
Egotism (eg'o-tizm), s. hal mm- 

bsarkan din, mmuji diri, hmgahan 

diri* mryaiykat diri. 
Egotist (-tist), s. yaiy mmbsarlcan 

diri, oraiy mudda'i (Ar.). 
Egregious (e-gre'jiis), adj. yanj 

mlhehi 'adat, buJcan huataii, ter- 

lampau deri-pada 'adat. 
Egress (e'gres), s. hal Tcluar, Tcuasa 

Jcluar, kluaran. 
Egret (e'gret), e. ha^yau, 
Egypt (e'jipt), s. negri Mask (Ar. 

Misr) . 
Egyptian (e-jip'sht^n), adj. Masir 

(a), oraiy Masir. 
Eh (a), int. eh. 
Eight (at), adj. dlapan, Japan. 
Eighteen (a' ten), adj. dlapan-hlas. 
Eighth (atth), adj. yarg k-dlapan, 

nombor Japan (B.). 
Eighty (a'ti), adj. dlapan-puloh. 
Either (Vther or e'ther), pron. and 

adj. (one or the other) s-harary, 

salah satu, mana satu; (the one 

and the other) kdua-dua, dua-dua. 
Either, conj. (either, .or. .) baih. . 

baik. ., baik. .atau. . ; sama ada. ., 

atau. .*. 
Ejaculate (e-jak'u-lat), v. i. (a 

sudden exclamation) triak, sru,^ 

kriau (P.). 
Eject (e-jekf), v. t. (expel) halau, 

buaiy; (emit) smlorkan, kluar- 

Eke (ek), v. t. (eke out) tokok. 
Elaborate (e-lab'o-rat), v. t. buat 

drgan iisaha/^ smpurfiakan dryan 

Elaborate (-ret), adj. yary di-buat 

dry an usaha.* 
Elapse (e-laps'), v. i. lalu, lewat. 
Elastic (e-las'tik), s. lastik (E.). 
Elastic, adj. kniyal, birykas* miy- 

anjal;'* see bounce, spring. 

Elate (e-lat),v. t. (with confidence) 

bmnikan hati; (with pride) bsar- 
kan hati. 
Elation (e-la'sh-wn), s. hati bsar, 

tiryyi hati. 
Elbow (el'bd), s. siku. 
Elbow, V. t. (outwards) sinjohf 

(backwards) sigory. 
Elder (el'der), adj. Ibeh tua, tua 

deri-pada. Elder brother, ahaiy, 

■'jyko (B.) (Ch. )y-ko). Elder 

sister, kakak, tachl (B.) (Ch. tod- 

Elder, s. (old person) orary tua; 

(official) ktua. 
Eldest (el'dest), adj. sulory, yaiy 

tua skali. 
Elect (e-lekf), v. t. pileh. 
Elect, adj. terpileh. 
Election (e-lek'shwn), s. (act of 

choosing) Jial mmileh; (power of 

choice, free-will) kuasa mmileh. 
Elector (-ter), s. yary mmileh. 
Electric (-trik), adj. elektrik (E), 

lesfri:k (X.I.). 
Electricity (e-lek-tris'i-ti), s. kuasa 

Electroplate (e-lek'tro-plat), v. t. 

chlop perak. 
Elegant (d'e-gant), adj. indah- 

indah* dok, manls', mjlis (Ar.). 
Element (el'e-ment), s. (essential 

2)art) anasir (Ar.), unsur (Ar.) ; 

(rudiment) asal, permulaan, 

a,kar-unibi. The five elements, 

pcnichabula (8k.). 
Elementary (el-e-men'ta-ri), adj. 

(initial) mula-mula, permuMan; 

(of te.xt books) puncha; (simple) 

Elephant (ere-fant), s. gajah, bi- 

niin.'^' Kk'pliant goad, kusa 

Elephant-driver (-drl'ver), s. gm- 

bala gajiih , mraii (Sk.). 
Elephantiasis (el-e-fan-tra-sis), s. 

Elevate (el'e-vat), v. t. (raise, lift 

ate, ask, Sm, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




lip) argJcat, tirgglJcan, naihhan; 

(promote) arghat; (the voice) 

ryarirgkan; (the spirits) hihurkan 

hati; (the character) baiki prargai, 

Elevation (el-e-va'sh?m), s. ktirg- 

gian, tmpat tirggi. 
Elevator (el'e-va-t^r), e. (lift) 

Up (E.). 
Eleven (e-lev'n), adj. s-hlas. 
Eleventh (e-lev'nth), adj. yarg h- 

s-hlas, nombor s-hlas (B,). 
Elf (elf), s. (fairy) pri (Pers.), 

orarg hunian* detva-dewa (B.). 
Elicit (e-lis'it), (bring to light) 

lyatakan, lahirkan'^ (Ax. tldhir). 
Eligible (el'i-ji-bl), adj. patut akan 

di-pileh, boleh di-pileh. 
Eliminate (e-lim'i-nat), v. t. (set 

aside) shldhkan, tpikan; (sepa- 
rate) asirgkan; (expel) huarg. 
Elision (e-lizli'?/n), s. reiykasan 

Ji iiriif.'^ 
Elixir (e-liks'er), s. eksir (At.), 
Elk (elk), s. rusa hsar dl Eropah. 
Ell (el), s. ela (Port.). 
Ellipse (el-lips'), s. hujor."^ 
Elliptical (el-lip'ti-kalj, adj. lujor* 

hulat, hulat panjaig. 
Elocution (el-o-kii'shim), s. Hlmu 

ptutoran, 'ilmu migucliap. 
Elongate (e-long'gat), v. t. panjarg- 

kan, lanjutkan. 
Elope (e-l6p'), v. i. lari. Elope 

with a woman, larikan prempuan. 
Elopement (-ment), s. plarian. 
Eloquence (el'5-kwens), s. pitaJi 

Udak* fasihat (At.), hijah her- 

rhakap (B.). 
Eloquent (-kwent), adj. pitah 

lidah* pandai herkata, pandai 

cliakap, pintar hichara (X.I.), fa- 

sih (Ar.). 
Else (els), adj. and pron. lain, lagi. 

Whsit else, apa lagi. 
Else, conj. (otherwise) kalau tidak. 

Or else, kalau tidak. 

Elsewhere (-whar), adv. lain tm- 

Elucidate (e-lu'si-dat), v. t. trarg* 
kan, ryatakan. 

Elude (e-lud'), v. t. (escape by 
slipping away) luput;* (avoid) 

Emaciated (e-ma'shi-a-ted), adj. 
chdirg; (extremely) kurus krirg, 
kurus kdrgkek,* kurus mrirgkai.* 

Emanate (em'a-nat), v.i. (issue 
from) kluar; (of scents) merhak, 

Emancipate (e-man'si-pat), v. t. 
hehaskan; (of slaves) merdheka" 
kan,* Ipaskari. 

Emasculate (e-mas'ku-lat), v.t. 
(castrate) kmbirikan, kasi (At. 
khasi) ; (weaken) Imahkan. 

Embalm (em-bam'), v.t. mamai' 
kan,* rmpah-7-mpakkan mayat, 
mayat tarohkan ohat (B.). 

Embank (em-bangk'), v.t. (throw 
up a bank) tamhak; (confine a 
river) ikat surgai. 

Embankment (-ment), s. hndorg,^ 
thirg; (for road or railway) jalan 
tamhak; (between rice fields) 

Embargo (em-bar'go), s. (deten- 
tion of commerce) tgahan. 

Embark (em-bark'), v.i. naih ka* 
pal, naik praJiu, turun kapal. 

Embark, v. t. (cause to go on 
board) hawa naih kapal; (engage, 
invest in) masok. To embark 
one's money in trade, wasnkkan 
modal-rya dalam perniaga'an. 

Embarrass ( em-bar 'ras), v. t. (per- 
plex) himbargkan hati; (obstruct) 
skatkan; (financially) ssakkan, pi- 
chekkan,* smpitkan. 

Embarrassment (-ment), s. him- 
l)arg hati, skatan, kssak'an, ksmpit- 
an (as above) ; (awkwardness) 

Embassy (em'bas-si) s. (envoys or 
their missions) utusan;* (ambas- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minims, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




sador's residence) riunah utusan* 
Embellish (em-bel'lish), v. t. hiasi, 

riaskan (B.). 
Embellishment (-m^nt), s. per- 

h M.<an, pt'a^mn ( B. ) . 
Embers (em'berz), s. bara apt. 
Embezzle (eni-bez'zl), v. t. churl 

amanat (Ar.), pchah amanat* 

pchah liarapan. 
Embitter (em-bit'ter), v. t. (make 

sad or sorrowful) susahi; (make 

malignant) sahWcan liati, stru- 

Emblazon (em-bla'zn), v. t. hiasi 
drgan pancha-werna/^' riaskan drg- 
an orna-orna (B.). 

Emblem (em'blem), s. tanda^ 'ala- 
mat (Ar.), as, the crown is an 
emblem of sovereignty, makoia 
itu 'alarnat kraja'an. 

Embody (em-bod'i), v. t. (invest 
with a body) jlma (Sk.) ; (incor- 
porate, collect into a whole) ktim- 
polkan, masokkan. 

Embolden (em-bol'dn), v. t. Iram- 
kail, hri hati. 

Emboss (em-bos'), v. t. hiiaf hnnja 

Embossed, adj. timhol. 

Embrace (em-bras'), v. t. (hug) 
plok, mmlok; (more closely) da- 
kap:* (accept eagerly) trijiia 
chpat; (include, comprehend) her- 

Embrace, s. dakap'^, plok. 

Embrasure (em-brix'zhur), s. chldh 
kubu hagi mriam. 

Embrocation (em-bro-ka'sh«n) s. 
ohat gosok. 

Embroider (em-broid'er), v. t. su- 
ji* HuJam , tkat,'* see below. 

Embroidery (-er-i), s. suji;'^ (on 
a frame) sulam; (with gold 
threads) tkat."^ Embroidery frame, 
pmidaig* pmidargan^^ pidatgan 

Embroil (em-broil'), v. t. (in quar- 
rels) gmparkanj* (in confusion) 

kachaukan; (a third party in a 
dispute) habit. 

Embryo (em'bri-o), s. (germ -of 
seed) pmiat; (j'Oung of animals 
in the womb) kandorgan. In em- 
bryo, mula-mula, pada permuW- 

Emend (e-mend'), v. t. (correct) 
htulkan, mmbaiki. 

Emendation (e-men-da'shwn), g. 
(act of correcting) hal mmbaiki: 
(alteration) ohahan. 

Emerald (em'er-tild), s. zamrud 
{Kv.), batu hijau. 

Emerge (e-merj'), v. i. terbit,"^ tim- 
hol, terkluar; (from water) jrgulf 
(from a hole) rojol.^ 

Emergency (e-mer'j en-si), s. per- 
kara yaig tiha-tiba,* perkara yanj 

Emery (em'er-i), s. batu las* 

Emetic (e-met'ik), adj. obat mun- 

Emigrant (em'i-grant), s. orarg 
yarg berpindah k-negri asirg,* yarg 
pindah k-negri lain (B.). 

Emigrate (-grat), v. i. pindah, 
pergi berdagatg,* tirggalkan negri. 

Eminence (em'i-nens), s. (high 
ground) tmpat tirggi; (high rank 
or distinction) patgkat tirggi, k- 
bsaran, k mu lia'an,''' 

Eminent (-ncnt), adj. (high) tiig- 
gi; (of rank or virtue) mulia; 
(conspicuous) ternama, bernama. 

Eminently (-li), adv. (in a high 
degree) teramat,* terlalu sargat. 

Emissary (em'is-sa-ri), s. (spy) 
sula,^ pfgintai* 

Emission (e-mish'wu), s. (act of 
sending out) hal mrgluarkan, hal 
mtnancharkan ; (the thing issued) 
pancharan, panchutan* Noc- 
turnal emission, mimpi kluar 
manl (Ar.), mimpi kluar ayer 
siau (B.). 

Emit (e-mif), v. t. smbur, panchar, 
panchur* panchut.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, cari^^; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tJien. 




Kmollient (e-mol-li-ent), adj. olat 


Emolument (e-moru-ment), s. 
(gain) vntorg, laha* pndapatan; 
(salary) upah, gaji. 

Emotion (e-mo'shim), s. cJiita* 
prasa'an hati, grah hati; (tender) 

Emotional (-al), adj. herhati ra- 
wan,^ hati Imhot (B.). 

Emperor (em'per-er), s. sultan 
(At. sulTan), kaisar (Ar.), oiy-te 
(B.) (Ch. hdni-te). 

Emphasis (em'fa-sis), s. (stress) 
luryi yarg kras, buryi kuat; (im- 
pressiveness) uchapan yarg kuat 
To lay the emphasis, tkan suara. 

Emphatic (em-fat'ik), adj. yarg 
di-kata kuat-kuai. 

Empire (em'pir), s. (sovereignty) 
krajaan: (dominion of an em- 
peror) preniahan sultan. 

Employ (em-ploi'), v. t. (use) pa- 
kai, gunakan; (give employment) 
hri kerja, apahkan. 

Employ, s. see employment. 

Employe (em-ploi'a), si = employee^ 

Employee (em-ploi-e'), s. orarg 
upalian, oranj yarg makan gaji. 

Employer (em-ploi'er), s. tuan, 
ioke (Ch. thdu-ke), tauke (B.). 

Employment (-ment), s. pkerja'- 
an, pncliarian; (office, post) ja- 
watan,"^ pgargan.* 

Emporium (em-por'i-i^m), s. (com- 
mercial town) bandar (Pers.) ; 
(mart) pkan/^ pasar; (large shop) 

Empower (em-pow'er), v. t. (au- 
thorize) hnarkan, hri kuasa; (com- 
mission) psan : (legallv) wakilkan 

Empress (em'pres), s. sultanah 
(Ar.), pepnaisiiri.* 

Emptiness (emp'ti-nes), s. hal ko- 
sorg, hal lapaig, etc. See below. 

Empty (emp'ti), adj. (void) ho^ 

sorg, hampaf^ (hollow) grorg- 
garg* herrorgga;*' (clear, open) 
laparg, Janfarg;'^ (deserted) suryi, 
khali (Ar.) ; (of fruits) mam- 
horg;* (without core or kernel) 
grorggaigf (without effect, sin- 
cerity or sense) stasia* tapakai 
(B.). Empty-handed, hampa 
targan/^ iargan kosorg. Empty- 
headed, kpala argin. Empty talk, 
chakap aigin, auta, tmherarg. To 
feel empty (of stomach), IntitJ* 
khulor. Empty honey comb, sain- 

Empty, V. t. kosorgkan, hampakanj^ 
lapargkan, suryikan, etc., as above. 
To empty out, churah. To empty 
by baling, timha. 

Emulate (em'u-lat), v. t. (strive to 
equal) choha ikut tuladan, mau 
jadi s-tara; (vie with, rival) la- 
te an. 

Emulation (em-ii-la'sht/n), s. (ri- 
valry) perlawanan; (jealous rival- 
ry, envy) chmhuru, drgki. 

Emulsion (e-mursh?m), s. ohat 
yarg s-rupa siisu-. 

Enable (en-a'bl), v. t. (give suffi- 
cient power) bri kuasa, kuatkan; 
(make competent) layakkan.* 

Enact (en-akf), v. t. kluarkan hu- 
kum, perundarg^ndargkan ;* (of 
an absolute monarch) Utah* bri 

Enactment (-ment), s. undarg-un- 
darg, hukum, titah* 

Enamel (en-am'el), s. chat kachaf 
(of the teeth) salut* gigi. 

Enamour (en-am'er), v. t. brahi,* 
brahikan,* 'ashik (Ar.), gilakan. 

Encamp (en-kamp'), v. i. ber- 
khemah (Ar. khaimah) ; (pitch 
tents) bntaig khemah j (remain 
for night) bermalam. 

Encampment (-ment), s. tmpat 

Enchant (en-chanf), v. t. (by sor- 
cery) hnakan obat guna, buat; 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure ' ' 
hurry; fdod, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. ' 




(charm, please) sukdkan, gmar- 
kan:* (with mu^ic) rawankan 
hati* geraiykan hati (B.) (N".!.). 

Enchanting (-ing), adj. (charm- 
ing, pleasing) yaty mryul'okan, 
yarg Dimbrahik-an* 

Enchantment (-ment), s. (by 
magic arts) hohatan* ohat guna, 
hiJcniat {AT.),sihir (Ar.). 

Encircle (en-ser'kl), v. t. (enclose 
within a circle) lergkoig;'^ (bind 
round, as with rope; wind round 
as a snake) blit; (surround) hlir 
livgi; (as with troops) hporg. 

Enclose (en-kloz'), v. t. (surround) 
lergkorg,* kliluyi, hporg (as 
alx)ve) ; (confine, shut up) kii- 
rorg; (in a pen, as animals) kan- 
darg; (with a covering) tudorg; 
(put in) masokkan: (slip in, as a 
letter in an envelope) slit; (by a 
fence) pagarkan. 

Enclosure (en-klo'zher), s. (space 
enclosed) kawa,san;* (for animals) 
kandurg; (thing contained, as in 
a letter) isi surat. 

Encomium (en-ko'mi-'um), s. puji- 

Encompass (en-kum'pas), v. t. Ze^- 
kory* blit, kporg, klilirgi. See 


Encore (ong-kor'), s. ulargan.'^ 

Encore, v. t. minta buat s-mula. 

Encounter (en-kown'ter), s. (meet- 
ing) pertmuan; (conflict) plarg- 

Encounter, v. t. (meet) jmnpa, 
tmu; (face to face) hadap, tntarg; 
(engage in conflict) larggar, sraig, 
amok; (of animals) herlaga; (of 
fowls) sabory. 

Encourage (en-kiir'ej), v. t. hrani- 
kan, ttapkan hati, bri hati;* (pro- 
mote) 7najnkan,* jalankan. 

Encroach (en-kroch'), v. i. amhil 
hah orary beransur-ansur atau mn- 
churi-churi,* churl snipadan oraig. 

Encumber (en-kum'her), v. t. (re- 
tard) tahankan; (weigh down) 
brati, bratkan; (obstruct) skat, 
rembet;* (with debts) kredak. \ 

Encumbrance (-brans), s. (ob- 
struction) skaian, rembet;* (bur- 
den) bban,* kbratan. 

Encyclopedia (en-sl-klo-pe'di-a), s. 
kamus sgala 'ilmu'^ (Ar. qamus). 

End (end), s. (termination) p7y- 
habisan, ksiidalian, akhir (Ar.) ; 
(conclusion) kputusan, tamat 
(Ar.) ; (last point) hujorg; (of 
a rope or cloth) puncha; (of part- 
ly burned firewood, or cigar, or 
stump of pencil) puniorg. End 
for end (in reversed order) swg- 
sarg, mryuigsarg. End on 
(Naut.), di muka. Ends of the 
earth, hujorg bumi. In the end 
(finally), akhir-iya (Ar.), lama- 
kJama'an,'^ pfyhabisan-nja, blakarg 
(B.). On end, berdirl. To put 
an end to, pntusl-an, sudah- 
kan. End of a beam, kpala kayu. 
Without end, tiada berkputusan. 

End, V. t. habiskan, sudahkan, putus- 
kan, tamatkan (Ar.). 

End, V. i. habis, sudah, putus, her- 

Endanger (en-dan' jer), v. t. datary- 
kan bahya. 

Endear (en-der'), v. t. ambil hati, 
bawa kaseh* 

Endearment (-ment), s. chum- 

Endeavour (en-dev'er) , v. i. (try) 
ehoba; (exert one's self) usahakan 
diri,* ambil pnat; see effort. 

Endemic (en-dem'ik), adj. ttap 
dalam satu tmpat. 

Ending (end'ing), s. pryhabisan, 
ksudahau. See end. 

Endless (-Ics), adj. tiada berkputus- 
an, tiada ksudahan, kkal. 

Endlessly (-les-li), adv. slalu, sn- 
iia.'ia (Sk.). 

Endorse (en-dors'),- v. t. (sign) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, rec(?nt, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connectj sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




sain di llakarg; (guarantee, sanc- 
tion) mrgaku, hnarlcan. 

Endorsement (-ment), s. (sig- 
nature) ianda taryan; (sanction, 
support, approval) Icbnaran, prg^ 

Endow (en-dow'), v. t. (supply 
with permanent funds) hri wary 
luod/il, Jiurniakan modal,* kasi 
modal; (enricli with faculties, 
etc..) kurnial'an (Sk.), anugrah- 
kan (Sk.). anugrahi; (for re- 
litrious purposes) wakafkan (Ar.). 

Endowment (-ment), s. (religious) 
irakaf (Ar.) ; (gift) kurnia* ami' 
yrah,* pmhruui. See above. 

Endue (eu-du'), v. t. anugrahi* 

Endurable (en-diir'a-bl), adj. yary 
holeli di-talian, yary holeh di-drita 

Endurance (-ans), s. chkal* 

Endure (en-diir'), v. i. (last) taJian, 
ttap, kkal; (suffer patiently) sa- 

Endure, v. t. (sustain) taJian, iary- 
gory, drita (Sk.) ; (suffer with 
patience) sabarkan. 

Endways (end'waz), adv. (erect) 
herdiri, terdiri; (with the end for- 
ward) mmhujor* 

Enema (en'e-ma or en-e'ma), s. 
homha doktor (Eur.). 

Enemy (en'e-nii), s. (personal) 
stru;* (common, national) mu- 
soh; (in general) musoh-masah.* 

Energetic (en-er-jet'ik), adj. kuat, 
raj in, herusaha (Sk.). 

Energize (en'er-jiz), v. t. Iri kuasa, 

Energy (-ji), s. (inherent power) 
kuasa, khasiat (Ar.) ; (vigour) 
kkuatan, rajin, usaha (Sk.) 

Enervate (en'er-vat), v. t. hilary' 
kan kkuatan, Imahkan, Itehkan. 

Enfeeble (en-fe'bl), v. t. Imahkan^ 

Enfold (en-fold'), v. t. slimutkan, 

sluhory, salut;* (embrace) plok, 

Enforce (en-fors'), v. t. (compel) 

paksa, gagahi;* (strengthen) ttap- 

kan, tgohkan; (give effect to) 

jalankan. To enforce the law, 

jalankan h ukum, jalankan undaiy- 

Enfranchise (en-fran'chiz), v. t. 

(set free) merdkekakanj* (give 

civic rights) hri link negri* (Ar. 

Engage (en-gaj') v. i. (pledge one's 

self) janji, sarygop; (take part in) 

masok taiyan. 
Engage, v. t. (pledge) janji; (gain 

for service) upahkan; (a house- 

or carriage) sewa; (by payment 

in advance, esp. midwives) tmpah; 

(employ or occupy in) masokkan; 

(in battle) ikat praty* 
Engaged (en-gajd'), adj. {hu&j)ada 

kerja, hkerja, ia'snaiy; (betroth- 
ed) hertunary. 
Engagement ( en-gaj 'ment), s. 

(pledge) perjanjian, pnmpahan;* 

(in marriage) iunaiy, perjodohan; 

(occupation) pkerja'an. 
Engender (en-jen'der), v.t. (cause 

to exist) adakan, jadikan, datary- 

Engine (en'jin), s. enjin (E.), psa- 

wat,* jntra* Engine driver, pn- 

jalan enjin * 
Engineer (en-ji-ner'), s. injinir, 

tukary psawat* 
Engineering (-ing), s. Hlmu psa- 

England (ing'gland), s. negri Iry- 

English '(ing'glish), adj. Irygris, 

oraiy Ityyris. 
Engrave (en-grav'), v.t. ukir,* 

lukis, pahatkan. 
Engraving (-ing), s. (the art) 

pTyukiran;* (the thing engraved) 

■ukiran,* lukimn; (a print) gam- 


ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, ' 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Engross (en-grOs'), v. t. (in writ- 
ing) firu;* (occupy wholl}-) 5- 
sakkan^' To be engrossed in 
work, herfuKjk'Ks-lunius, tinyl-n- 
I urn or (B.). 

Engulf (en-gulf), y. t. tlan. 

Enhance (en-hans'), v. t. tamhali, 

Enigma (e-nig'ma), s. (riddle) 

ika-m, km (i\). 

Enjoin (on-join'), v. t. (command) 
.^uroh, psan, amarkan (Ar.) ; (pro- 
liibit) fgalikan, iahankan. 

Enjoy (en-joi'), v. t. (take pleasure 
in) gmar akan/^ suka; (possess) 

Enjoyable (-a-bl), adj. sdap. 

Enjoyment (-ment), s. kgmaran,'^^ 
kxuka'an, suka-liaii, gerarg (N.I.). 

Enlarge (en-larj'), v. i. (grow 
large) herfamhah; (expatiate) 
lanjuikan perkaia'an. To enlarge 
upon, shura'i (Ar.). 

Enlarge, v. t. (make large) hsar- 
kan; (expand) luaskan, laparg- 

Enlargement (-ment), s. khiasan* 
klaparga n , jtmhsaran. 

Enlighten (en-lit'n), v. t. (illu- 
minate) frargi, trargkan; (the 
mind) trargkan, lapaigkan, huka;* 
(instruct) ajar. 

Enlist (en-lisf) v. t. (register) 
(laftarkan (Ar.) ; (soldiers by 
conscription) kralx.^' 

Enliven (en-liv'n), v. t. (make 
vigorous or active) galakkan, 
kidopkan; (the spirits) sukakan. 

Enmity (en'mi-ti), s. (personal) 
perstruan;* (national) permusoli- 

Ennoble (cn-no'bl), v. t. muliakan. 

Enormity (e-nor'mi-ti), s. (im- 
mensity) ksatgatan;* (atrocity) 
k /ah atari, m'asiat (Ar.). 

Enormous (e-nor'mt^s), adj. (im- 
inense) terhsar, terlalu hsar; 
(atrocious) jahat skali. An en- 

ormous size, hsar-nya hukan huai- 

Enough (e-nuf) adv. chukopr 

pa da.-'' 
I Enough, int. sudah. 
Enquire (en-kwir'), v. i. (ask a 

question) tarya; (make examin- 
ation) preksa, slidek.* 
Enquiry (-i), s. (question) per- 

taiyaan; (investigation) saksama 

(Sk.), preksa'an. 
Enrage (en-raj'), v. t. marahkan^ 

Enraged (en-rajd'), adj. galak, 

berary* gila, kati terhakar.* 
Enrapture (en-rap'chur), yA. sv~ 

kakan, gmarkan.^ 
Enrich (en-rich'), v. t. kayakan; 

(with ornamentation) hiasi/^ 

riaskan (B.) ; (the soil) gmokkan. 
Enrol (en-rol') v. t. daftarkan 

Ensconce (en-skons'), v. t. (shel- 
ter) lindorgkan; (conceal) sm- 

Enshroud (en-shrowd'), v. t. (of a 

corpse) kapankan (Ar.) ; (cover) 

siuborg, tudorg, saput.* 
Enshrine (en-shrin') v. t. (cherish) 

plihara, simpan. 
Ensign (en'sin), s. (flag) hndera 

(Port.) ; (banner) panji-panji;* 

(symbol) *alamat (Ar.). 
Enslave (en-slav'), v. t. perham- 

bakan, falokkan (Ar.). 
Ensnare (en-snar'), v. t. jratkan, 

Ensue (en-su'), v. i. ikut, turut. A 

fight then ensued, kmdian mnjadv 

Ensure (en-shoor'), v. t. intnkan. 
Entail (en-tal'), s. ktntuan wa- 

snaf^ (Ar. wamyat). 
Entail, v. t. (of property) tntukan 

vasiat;* (cause) bawa, dataigkan. 
Entangle (en-tang'gl), v. t. (make 

tangled) kusutkan, kachaukan; 

(stronger) bojotkan,* srgkarut- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fdod, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




I'an;* (Id complications) cham- 
pur, (jndalal'anj^ 
Entanglement (-ment), s. husut, 
Jrachau, ho jot /'^ gndala/^' as above; 
(of jungle) ramhvn:'^ 
Enter (en'ter), v. t. (come or go 
into) masoTc; (violently) tmpoh; 
(penetrate) Zwi;* (perforate, 
break througli) tnibus; (with dif- 
licult}^ just able to get in) lulus;* 
(easily, as a loose ring) clilus.* 
To enter into, rnasol-. 
Enter, v. i. inasol\ 
Enteric (en-ter'ik), adj. prat (a). 

Enteric fever, dmam hpialu. 
Enterprise (en'ter-priz), s. (nnder- 
Taking) perhuataii, pl^erja'aii bsar 
atau siikar;* (readiness to under- 
take) prargai oranj i/afrj mnmpoli 
perkarti i/arg .sul-ar* [.^u.'^ah (B.)]. 
Enterprising (-ing), adj. yaiy 
hrani nuimpoh perlmm yatysul'ar* 
Entertain (en-ter-tan'), v. t. (su2> 
port) bla/^ pUhara; (as guests) 
jamu,^ ra'ikan (Ar.), chia*^ (Ch.) 
(B.) : (amuse) imlcakan liati; 
(admit, receive) irima. To en- 
tertain an opinion, taroh fihiran. 
Entertainment (-m<?nt), s. (act of 
entertaining) hal mmUhara/^ lial 
mnjaniu* etc.; (that which enter- 
tains) perjamuan* hsuhafan, 
sul-a-i<uka (B.), pesta (^.I.) 
Enthral (en-thrawl'), v. t. taican' 

Enthrone (en-thron') v. t. naihlcan 
k'afas fal'hfa, lantek,'* tabalkan 
(Ar.), Jcasi dudolc jadi raja (B.). 

Enthusiasm (en-tWzi-asm), s. 
gliairat (Ar.), muhihhah (Ar.). 

Enthusiastic (-as'tik), adj. muhih' 
bah (Ar.), geraiy hati (B.). 

Entice (en-tis'), . v. t. (draw on) 
bawa hati oraig, ajat% ajat (B.) ; 
(by persuasion) pujolc. See also 


Enticement (ment), s. hal mrg' 

ajal', hal mmbujoJc; (temptation) 

Entire (en-tir'), adj. s-gnap, s- 
chuhop, smoa, ant era (Port.) ; (of 
surface) sluroh; (of contents) s'- 
m; (of length) s-panjaiy; (of 
time) siintol-.'^ 

Entirely (-li), adv. s^nata-mata, 
s-habis-h abis, sl-ali. 

Entitle (en-ti'tl), v. t. (give a 
name) glar^ nama'i, namakan, hri 
nama: (give a claim) bri kuasa, 
hri hal'^ (Ar. 'i^aqq) \ (qualify, 
make worthy) patutkan, layak- 
kan. The owner is entitled, ter- 
hak-lah bagi yaig anipunja.^ To 
he entitled to, paY^/f mndapat. 

Entity (en'ti-ti), s. (real being) 
k'ada'an, ujud* (Ar. wujiid). 

E n to m b ( en-to6m' ) , v. t. k uhorkan, 
innamkan. makamkan (Ar.). 

Entomology (en-to-mol'o-ji), s. 
'llmii idat dan binatarg yaig kchiU 

Entrails (en'tralz), s. isi prot,* tali 

Entrance (en'trans), s. (act of en- 
tering) hal masok; (permission to 
enter) izin masoh (Ar.) ; (place 
of entering) pintu, mulut; (of 
rivers) kuala. 

Entrance (en-trans'), v. t. (make 
insensible) lalaikan, jadikan ta'- 
sdar oranj (B.), bri khayal (Ar.) ; 
( r-liarm, delight) .'iukakan; (cause 
wonder) bri hair an; (stir emo- 
tion) rairankan* hati. 

Entrap (en-trap'), v. t. jrathan, 

Entreat (en-tref), v. t. minta, po- 

Entrust (en-trusf), v. t. (deliver) 
srahkan; (commit, confide) p- 
tarohkan* amanatkan (Ar.). 

Entry (en'tri), s. (act of entering) 
hal masok; (record in writing) 
suratan, kira'an; (place of enter- 
ing) pintu, mulut. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin then. 




Entwine (en-twIn'), v. t. (twist 
togetlier) anjam; (twist round) 
mt_, lilit. 
Enumerate (e-nu'mer-at), v. t. 
(count) bilarg, hitorg; (mention 
one by one) shot safu permtv,'^ 
shot satu-satii. 

Enunciate (e-nun'shi-at), v. t. (an- 
nounce, declare) khdbarkan, rya- 
takan, masohorkan (Ar. mash- 
liiir), rtiaJumkan (Ar.) : (pro- 
nounce) hunjikan. 

Enunciation (e-nun-si-a'shwn), s. 
(declaration) perkhaharan; (pro- 
nunciation) buryi. 

Envelop (en-verop), v. t. (a per- 
son) sluhorg, slimufkan; (things) 
hunjkiis, holot; (in mist) sapid* 
kla'hot (B.). 

Envelope (en'vel-6p or on'vel-op), 
s. (of a letter) saroiy surat, sam- 
pill surat, '^ emplop (X.I.). Also 
see above. 

Envenom (en-ven'^/m), v. t. (poi- 
son) huhoh* racliun, hiiboli ipoh* 
taroh rachim (B.) ; (with malice) 
pahitkan, sakitkan hati. 

Enviable (en'vi-a-bl), adj. yarg pa- 
tut orarg irgin, yarg di-kahandaki* 

Envious (eu'vi-ws), adj. herdrgki, 
iri* hati, nuggiri hati (B.). 

Environ (en-vi'rwn), v. t. hpo7g, 

Environment (-ment), s. hal-ehual 
yaig mrglilirgi* 

Envoy (en'voi),s. utusan,* pryuroh, 

Envy (en'vi), v. t. herdtgki akan, 
drgki sania (B.). 

Envy, s. drgki, iri hati, mrgiri hati 

(B.), ha.sad* (Ar. iiasad). 
Epaulet (ep'aw-let), s. kilat-hahu,* 

renda hahu, jrumhai-hahu*' 
Ephemeral (e-fem'er-al), adj. 5- 

hari (a). 
Epicure (ep'i-kiir), s. orarg yarg 
berlazat (Ar.). 

Epidemic (ep-i-dem'ik), adj. yarg 
nirata.'^ herjargkit. 

Epidemic, s. (of disease) sampar^ 
harrar. bnah/' 

Epidermis (ep-i-der'mis), s. kiilit 

Epigram (ep'i-gram), s. sJoko! 

Epilepsy (ep'i-lep-si), s. gila babi,. 
sawan habi. 

Epiphany (e-pifa-ni), s. hari-raya 
oraig Majusi mrghadap Almaseh. 

Episcopal (e-pis'ko-p«l), adj. bi- 
shop (a) (E.). 

Episode (ep'i-sod), s. kesah. In 
Malay writings episodes begin 
" Al-kesah." 

Epistle (e-pis'l), s. surat kirimau. 

Epitaph (ep'i-taf), s. tiiUsan pada 
nesan'^ (I'ers. nishan), tiiUsan 
atas hotg-pai (B.) (Ch. borg-pdi).. 

Epithet (ep'i-thet), s. glaran. 

Epitome (e-pit'o-mi) s. (abridg- 
ment) rcrgkasan;'^ (short ac- 
count) kar organ yarg rergkas,^ 
chrita pendek (B.). 

Epitomize (e-pit'o-miz), v. t. reig- 
kaskan:^ pendekkan (B.). 

Epoch (e'pok), s. (long period) 
zaman, jman (B.) ; (shorter) ma- 
,sY/.* deiiHtsa (8k.j. 

Epsom salts (ep'st^m sawlts or 

solts) s. garam pnchahar, purga 

garam (B.). 

Equal (e'kwfifl), adj. sama; (in 

height) s-tara; (in age) s-baya, 

s-umor; (in size) s-bsar, sama 

bsar; (in value) sama herga, satu 

herga. Equal to (fit for), padan 


Equal, s. tara, bandiig. He has no 

equal, tiada tara-tiya, tiada s- 


Equal. V. t. (be equal to) sama'i: 

(make equal) samakan, ratakan. 

Equality (e-kwori-ti), s. sama, per- 

sama' an. 
Equalize (e'kwfll-iz), v. t. (make 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry j ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry;, iise, us, minMS, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




equal) samdkan, ratakan; (make 

alike) srupahan. 
Equally (e'kwal-li), adv. samaj 

drgati hersama'an. 
Equanimity (e-kwa-nim'i-ti), s. 

panjanj hail, sahar. 
Equation (e-kvvTi'?h?/n), s. (a mak- 
ing equal) persama'an; (Math.) 

Equator (e-kwa'ter), s. Mattu 'l- 

istiwa (Ar.). 
Equatorial (e-kwa-to'ri-al), adj. 

kliattu 'l-isiiwa (a). 
Equestrian (e-kwes'tri-an), adj. 

l-uda (a). Equestrian statue, 

gamhar oraig herkuda. 
Equidistant (e'kwi-dis'tant), adj. 

sama jaii/i, soma jaralc* 
Equilibrium (-lib'ri-ion), s. (state 

of rest) Hiapan; (of mind) 

Icttapan Jiat'h kigohan Jiati, ttap 

liati. In equilibrium, hertimbdl- 

Equine (e'kwm), adj. kuda (a), 
s peril kuda. 

Equinox (e'kwi-noks), s. musim 
siatg dan. malam sama panjarg. 

Equip (e-kwip'), t. t. IrgkapkaUj 

Equipage (ekVi-pej), s. (outfit) 
kJrgkapan, alat (Ar.), serha 
(8k.) ; (of a liouso) alai rumah* 
serha"^ rumali ; (of a ship) serha 
kapal* alat praltu* serha prahu;* 
(retinue, suite) pryirirg;'^ (car- 
riage of state) kreia khsaran. 

Equipment (e-kwip'ment), s. k- 

Equitable (ek'wi-ta-bl), adj. (im- 
partial) iiada hrat shiah; (just) 
'adil, paiui. 

Equity (ekVi-ti), s. Vadilan, in- 
saf^ (At. inmf). 

Equivalent (e-kwiv'a-lent), adj. 
sama, s-rupa, sama lierga, sama 

Equivocal (e-kwiv'o-kal), adj. (of 
doubtful meaning) yarg diia m'tt- 

na-iya (Ar. inand), ia'iniu arti- 
iya: (uncertain, doubtful) icttntu^ 
yarg ada shah dalam-rya (Ar.), 

Equivocate (e-kwiv'o-kat), v. i. pu- 
sirg but, berdaleh* berdolak-da- 

Equivocation (-ka'shim), s. (?a* 
leli/'' dolak-dalek.* 

Era (e'ra), s. zaman, jman (B.)^ 
masa, tarikh (Ar.). 

Eradicate (e-rad'i-kat), v. t. (up- 
root) chahot, bantun;* (destroy 
utterly, as disease, errors) hinasa- 
kan, hilargkan, tiadakan, tumpas. 

Erase (e-raz'), v. t. (rub or scrape 
out) kikis; (obliterate) hapuskan, 
hilargkan, hirnoh. 

Eraser (e-raz'er), s. prgikis, prg» 

Erasure (e-ra'zhur), s. kikisan, ha" 

Ere (ar), prep, (before, sooner 
than) s-blum, dhulu deri-pada; 
(rather than) rmak, as, he would 
die ere he would steal, rmak-lah 
mail deri-pada mnchuri. Ere 
long, iiada bra pa lama. 

Erect (e-rekf), adj. igak* chgakr 
herdiri btul; (of hair) rmaigj^ 

Erect, V. t. (set upright) igakkan,'^ 
dirika?i; (build) haigunkan, huat, 
7xaikkan ; (set up, as machines) 

Erection (e-rek'shwn), s. (act of 
erecting) hal mngakkan* hal 
mmbargunkan, hal mmasarg (as 
above) ; (the thing erected, build- 
ing) baigunan. 

Erotic (e-rot'ik), adj. deri-hal 

Err (er), v. i. (deviate from true 
course) ssat; (be mistaken) silap, 
salah; (sin) berdosa. 

Errand (er'rand), s. (commission) 
psanan; (message) kiriman, su^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tTien. 




rohan. KrraD<l boy, tamhi; (in 
(Joverument offices) pion. 

Errata (er-ra'ta), s. pi. (in a book) 
plialai (Ar.1, silap (Ar. I'hilaf). 

Erratic (er-rat'ik), adj. (roving, 
waudoriiig) yarg iiugmbara;* (de- 
viating from proper course) ssat. 

Erratum (er-ra't7/m) , s.; pi. er- 
rata, q. V. 

Erroneous (er-ro'ne-iis), adj. ter- 

Error (er'rer), s. (mistake, in ac- 
curac}-) .<ilap (Ar. hhildf) ; (de- 
viation from trutli) Icsalahan; 
(moral offence) dosa. 

Eructate (e-ruk'tat), v. t. llahah, 
lerdalial', serdawa, sndaiva (B.). 

Eructation (e-ruk-ta'shwn), s. ser- 
dawa, sndaiva (B.). 

Erudite (er'u-dit), adj. her'ilmUj 
'aUm (Ar.), paham. 

Eruption (e-rup'sliim), s. (of vol- 
cano) Itopan,'^' gunoiy mltop 
(B.) ; (on the skin) Mumbohan; 
(pimples) jrawaf. 

Erysipelas (er-i-sip'e-ks), s. hasorg 
api/'' basal apL'^ 

Escape (es-kap') v. i. (iiee) lari; 
(get clear from danger) Ipas, la- 
chut, luput/^ elaJi-; (issue) Icluar. 

Escape, s. (act of fleeing) plarian; 
(getting free) Mpasan, Jcluputan.* 

Eschew (es-clio6'), v. t. (sliun) 
jauM-an diri deri-pada; (abstain 
from) patitaryhan. 

Escort (es'kort), s. ptyirity* orarg 
m)yhantar (B.). 

Escort (es-korf), v. t. (as atten- 
dants) irity* hawankan (B.) ; 
(accompany) serta% hantar. 

Esculent (es'ku-lent), adj. yary 
holeh di-maTcan. 

Esoteric (es-6-ter'ik), adj. hatln* 
(At. haTin). 

Especially (es-pesli'al-li), adv. (par- 
ticularly) istimewa* hchuali, 
yary terlheh sTcali (B.) ; (in a 
high degree) terutama (Sk.) 

Esplanade (es-pla-nad'), s. padary; 
(drive by the sea) jalan di tpi 

Espousal (es-pow//«l), s. pertu- 

Espouse (es-powz'), v. t. (betroth) 
funanjl'an; (take to wife) herUni- 
l-an* I'aliicin'kan (B.) ; (take up, 
make one's own) amhil, taryyory. 

Espy (es-pi'), v. t. (catch sight of) 
nampah, UJiaf; (inspect narrowly) 
intai, slidel:* 

Esquire (es-kwir'), s. tna?i, glaran 
orarg hail--hail: 

Essay (es-sfi'), v. t. rhoha, sec ef- 

Essay (es'sa), s. (attempt) choha- 
rJfoba; (treatise) karargan, m- 
rhana (Sk.). 

Essayist (es'sa-ist), s. pryararg. 

Essence (es'sens), s. (constituent 
qualities or substance) zat (Ar. 
dzat) : (the real being) Vada'an: 
(distinctive character) pri;* (vir- 
tues of a drug) hhasiat (Ar.). 
pati: (scent) aifer iranji, ayer kras 

Essential (es-sen'shal), adj. (of the 
essence) zat (a) ; (of the highest 
importance) liarm, wajih (Ar.), 
ferdJu (Ar.), perlu (N.I.), ta;- 
dapat-iiada, yaty nisti (B.) ; (con- 
taining the virtues) berkhasiat 

Essentially (4i), adv. (in an im- 
portant degree) saryat. 

Establish (es-tab'lish), v. t. (make 
lirm) ttapkan, tgohkan; (appoint, 
enact) tntukan, Itakkan; (found, 
create) adakan, jadikan; (prove) 
sahkan (Ar.), tratgkan. Firmly 
established, karar (Ar.). 

Establishment (-ment), s. kttapan, 
ktgoJiaii, ktntuan, k'ada'an. See 

Estate (es-taf), s. (state, con- 
dition) hal; (property) lierta; 
(property left at death) psaka; 

«,te, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




(plantation) I'hun, ladairj, karrj- 
l-a* (Ch. ?). 

Esteem (es-tem'), v. t. (set a value 
on) nilai/'' iaksir (D.) ; (set a 
high value on, prize) indahkan, 
kormatkan, permuliakanf^^ brat' 

Esteem, s. (valuation) nilaian,'^ 
taksir (D.) ; (high value) hormat. 

Estimable (es'tim-a-bl), adj. (valu- 
able) berherga; (worthy of es- 
teem) indah, iitulia* tefhilarg. 

Estimate fes'tim-at), v. t. (judge 
the value) nilai/^ aiygar/^ taksir 
(D.) ; (calculate roughly) hilaixj, 
kirakan; (guess) agal'^ gamak.^ 

Estimate (es'tim-et), s. arggaran, 
nilaian/^ taksir (D. taxeeren). 

Estimation (es-tim-a'sh?m), s. (fa- 
vourable opinion) hormat, nama 

Estrange (es-tranj'), v. t. (separate 
from) berchrai deri-pada, jauhkan 
diri, undorkan; (of the affections) 
jauhkan hati. Estranged from, 
bermusoh drgan. 

Estrangement (-m^'nt), s. per- 
struafi* pennusohan, jaiilt hati. 

Estuary (es'chu-a-ri), s. kuala, 

Etch (ech), v. t. (on metal, glass, 
etc.) hikis; (sketch) tulis. 

Etching (ech'ing), s. (damascening 
on 3. h^is) pamurf (sketch) gam- 

Eternal (e-ter'nal), adj. klcal, s- 
lama-la md-iy a, baka"^ (Ar. baqcv) ; 
(of the future) ahadi (Ar.) ; (of 
the past) azali (Ar.). 

Eternally (-li), adv. s-lama-nja, 
sntiasa/'' s-memarg. 

Eternity (-ni-ti), s. (without be- 
ginning) azal (Ar.) ; (without 
end) abad (Ar.) ; (the hereafter) 

Ether (e'ther), s. haiva argkasa 

Ethereal (e-the're-al), adj. (of the 

upper air) argkasa (a) (Sk.) ; 

(light, tenuous) rergan; (delicate) 

Ethical (eth'i-kflfl), adj. deri-hal 

klakitaii yarg baik. 
Ethics (eth'iks), s. Hlrau klakuan 

yarg wajib (Ar.), Hlmu kbaikan. 
Ethiopia (e-thi-o'pi-a), s. negri 

Ethiopian (-an), s. orarg Habshi, 

orarg Jarggi* oraig Kapri. 
Etiquette (et-i-kef), s. ^adat, isti^ 

'adat (Ar.), *adat bhasa, tertxb 

(Ar.), adab (Ar.). 
Etymology (et-i-mol'o-ji), s. 'ilmu 

asal'Usul perkata'an. 
Eucharist (u'ka-rist), s. Perjamu- 

an Tuhan (X.). 
Eulogize (u'lo-jiz), V. t. ^w/i-. 
Eulogy (-ji), s. pujian. 
Eunuch (u'n?/k), s. orarg kmbiri, 

orarg kasi'^ (Ar. khasi) ; (persons 

holding this office) sida-sida (Sk.). 
Euphonic (u-fon'ik), adj. merdu* 

sdap buvjl-iya. 
Eurasian (u-ra'zhan), s. orarg 

Srani (Ar. Nai^rayii). 
Europe (u'rop), s. negri Eropah, 

bnua Eropah. 
European (u'ro-pe'an) , adj. Eropah 

European, s. orarg Eropah. (In 

the Straits oraig puteh is only 

used for British). 
Evacuate (e-vak'u-at), v. t. (empty 

out, discharge) buarg, kluarkan; 

(quit, withdraw from) tirggalkan. 
Evacuate, v. i. buarg ayer bsar, k^ 

siirgai/^ berak. 
Evacuation (-a'sh?m), s. hal mm- 

buarg,hal mnUggalkan, as above; 

(defecation) buarg ayer bsar, k- 

Evade (e-vad'), v. i. (slip away) 

larl, bcrlpas diri. 
Evade, v. t. (escape) luput;* 

(avoid, as a blow) elak. To evade 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorrv; use. us, minws, cure, injure, 

hiirrv; food, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin then. 




tJie police, Jpas deri-pada taiyan 


Evanescent (ev-an-es'sent), adj. 
yatq hui/ap, yaiy hap, yaiy gha'ib 
Evangelical (e-van-jeri-kal), adj. 
deri-hal InjU, mnnrut piyajaran 
Evangelist (e-van'jel-ist), s. guru 

Evangelize (-Iz), t. i. t. ajar injil. 
Evaporate (c-vap'o-rat), v. i. (pass 
oft' in vapour) berwap; ())e dissi- 
pated, pass away) hUaty, terbaig, 

.Evasion (e-va'zliiai), s. lial luputf^ 
lial mrgelak, plarian. fSee evade. 

Hvasive (e-va'siv), adj. plari,* prg- 
elalc, putar-baleh, pusirg Hit. 

Eve (ev),, s. piaig,sore (X.I.) ; (the 
iii^lit before) malam. The eve of 
Friday, malam jmaat/^ malam 
hari am pat (B.). Xew Years 
eve, malam tahun hharu. 

-Eve, s. (the first woman) Hawa. 

Even (e'vn), adj. (level) rata, na- 
tar,^ datar;* (uniform) sama, 
mma rata; (calm, of disposition) 
Imuy/^ lausit (B.) (Ch.) ; (not 
rough on tlie .surface) paras; (not 
odd, of ]iuml)ers) gnap. On an 
even keel (Xaut.) tgak. 

Even, adv. (precisely, just) jaga, 
Mill; (so much as) juga; (as 
might not be expected) shall pun, 
. pun. Even as, sama sperti. Even 
if, even though, sutggoh pun, mski 
pun, walau pun (Ar.). Even so, 
bgitii juga. Love even your en- 
emies, Jraseh aJcan musoh-mu shali 

Even, V. t. (make level or smooth) 
ratahan, datarJcan,* papaskan;* 
(make equal, make quits) sama- 
han, slsaikan, disekan (B.). 

Even, s. = evexing. 

Evenhanded (-hand'ed), adj. 'adil. 

Evening (e'vn-ing or ev'ning), s. 

(before sunset) piatg, sore (N'.I.) ; 
(about G p.m.) snjnkala: (after 
sunset) malam. Kvi'iiiiig star, 
bintatg baraf. Also see aftku- 


Event (e-venf), s. (incident) per- 
knra, hal, hul-ekiral'^ (Ar. an- 
ical, pi. of n/il): (issue, result) 

Eventually (e-ven'tu-al-li), adv. 

B\tT (ev'er) adv. (only of the past) 
pernali. Ever in iho, future sense 
must be translated as in the fol- 
lowing sentences : If you ever go 
tliere, kalau barargkaU argkau per- 
gi Sana. "Wlienever you come, ba- 
rarg bila argkan datarg. 1 cannor 
e\'er do it again, skali-kali saliya 
ta'boleh (mat lagi. For ever, kkal, 
s-la ma-lam a- nja. See evermore. 

Evergreen (-gren), adj. (pokok) 
yaig iiada hiroh daun/^ yaig dann- 
tya slalu liijau. 

Everlasting (-last'ing), adj. (eter- 
nal) kkal, s-lama-lama-nja, baka'-' 
( Ar. baqa) ; (unceasing) tiada 
put us, tiada berk put usan. From 
everlasting, a2;a7t (Ar.). To ever- 
lasting, ahadi (Ar.). 

Evermore (-mor), adv. (for ever) 
samjmi kkal, sampai s-lamadama- 
nja; (always) slalu, sntiasa,* S7ui- 
tiasa (Sk.). * 

Every (ev'er-i), adj. (all) snioa, 
sgala, sklian; (each) tiap-tiap, 
masirg-masirg , s-bilarg* Every 
day, s-harl-hari, liari-hari, sabau 
hari (X.I.). Every now and 
then, kadajg-kadatg. Every one, 
tiap-tiap oranj, masirg-masiig 
orarg, bilaiy kpala. Every other 
day, bersUug-slaig hari, dua hari 
s-kali. Every three days, tigii- 
iiga hari s-kali. 

Everybody (ev'er-i-bod-i), s. smoa 
orarg, sgala orarg, baraig-siapa, 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minits, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




tiap-itap orarg, haraty-fdapa pun 

Everyday (ev'er-i-da), adj. (in 

coniinou use) lasak. 
Everyone, 8. = kverybody. 
Everything (ev'er-i-thing), s. ha- 

raiy-apa, baratzf s-suatu,* smoa, 

sgala .<->uatH,'^ apa-apa pun. 
Everywhere (ev'or-i-whar), adv. 

s-gnap tmpat, s-gnap sana-sim* 

di-mana-mana pun, mrata-rata. 

To hunt e\'erywhere, puas wn- 

ihari, jnoli mnchari* 
Evict (e-vikf), v. t. kluarlcan deri- 

pada hak"^ (Ar. maqq). 
Evidence (ev'i-dens), s. ksaksiarij 

kiyata'an, kfratgan. 
Evidence., v. t. saksikan. 
Evident (-dent), adj. ryata, trary, 

Evil (e'vl), adj. jahat; (calamitous, 

unpropitious) sial, chlaka. An 

evil influence, hadi. The evil one, 

ihlis, setan (Ar. .•-'haiTdn). Evil 

speaking, umpat, fitnah (Ar.). 
Evil, s (injury, mischief, harm) hn- 

rhana, chlaka, halah (Ar. bala') ; 

( moral badness) kjahatan. King's 

fvil (scrofula), piyahit lehir m- 

Evince (e-vins'), v. t. lyatakan, 

trarykan, tunjokkan. 
Evoke (e-vok'), v. t. '(by magic) 

rhitakan,^' haiykitkan;^ (call 

forth, as energy, power) kluarkan. 
Evolution (ev-o-lu'sh«n), s. 

(growth, development) pnumholi- 

an, piymhanjan* kmajuan.^ 
Evolve (e-volv'), v. t. (unfold, open, 

expand) huka, kmhary, tumhoh. 
Ewe (u), s. domha htina, hambirg 

hiri'hiri htina. 
Ewer (u/er), s. jak hsar (E. jug), 

Ex- (eks), hkas.'* The ex-prime 

minister, bkas perdana mntri.* 
Exact (egz-akf), adj. (precisely 

correct) htul, tpat;* (neither 

more nor less) ynap; (accurate, 
precise, of persons) chermatj* ji- 

Exact, V. t. (demand by force) tun- 
tut diyan paksa, tuntut dry an kras, 

Exactly (-li), adv. btul, tpat* biul- 

Exaggerate (egz-aj'er-at), v. t. 
lampauif^ hmrkan, Ibeh-lbehkan. 

Exaggeration (-a'shi^n), s. klam- 

Exalt (egz-awlf), v. t. (lift up) 
tiiyylkan; (in rank, etc.) arykat, 
naikkan; (praise, glorify) puji, 
bmrkan, myahkan* muliakan.* 
To exalt one's- self, mtyatas-tya- 
/«><?.* nigahkan* diri, tiiyyikan 
diri, bsarkan diri. 

Exaltation (-a'shwn), s. ktiryyian, 
khsaran, kmulia'an* kmgahan;^ 
as above. 

Examination (egz-am-i-na'shwn), s. 
(investigation) pmreksa'an, sak- 
sama {'^k.) , siasat (Av.) , pryUdek- 
a7i;* (test of knowledge) preksa'- 
an; (interrogation) pertanja'an; 
see below. 

Examine (egz-am'in), v. t. (in- 
spect) preksa; (more carefully) 
belek* slidek;* (judicially) sia- 
sat (Ar.) ; (interrogate) bertanja- 
kan; (test) uji. 

Examiner (-er), s. pmreksa. 

Example (egz-am'pl), s. (sample) 
chontoh; (pattern, copy) tuladan, 
chontoh; (instance) mesal (Ar. 
mithal) ; (comparison) kias (Ar.) ; 
(warning) lararyan. For ex- 
ample, mesal-rya* andai-rya* ka- 
takan saja (B.), mesalkan chakap 
saja (B.). 

Exasperate (egz-as'per-at), v. t. 
gusari* dataiykan marah, naikkan 

Exasperation (-a'sht^n), s. marah, 
gusar* gram, panas hati; (of 
princes) murka (Ar.). 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin *Aen. 




Excavate (eks'ka-vat), v. t. (hol- 
low out) korck; (dig out) gali; 
(horizontall}') chhak.* 

Exceed (ek-sed'), v. t. (go beyond) 
Ibehi, laluif (surpass) lampaui* 

Exceedingly (-iug-li), adv. amat* 
sargat, terlampaii* terlampon 
(B.), hukan alani-kpalarg, hukan 

Excel (ek-sel'), t. t. (go beyond, 
outdo) Ihehh ialuif (surpass) te- 

Excellence (ek'sel-lens), s. utama 
(Sk.), k'elokan* hnulia'an. His 
Excellence or Excellency, tuan 
yarg terutama (Sk.). 

Excellent (-lent), adj. yarg m- 
Ibehi,* yanj terutama* indah, mu- 
lia, elok. 

Except (ek-sepf), v. t. (exclude) 
lainkan, kchnaUkan;* (omit) tirg- 
galkan, tolak. 

Except, conj. kalau iidak, jikalau 
tiada, mlainkan, liaiya.* 

Except, prep, lain deri-pada, chw- 
ma, harya* mlainkan. All except 
one, chuma satu yarg tidak, satu 
sahaja di-kch^iaJikan* 

Exception (ek-sep'shwn), s. kchu- 
all* kcMmlian* To take excep- 
tion to, tiada herknan akan, t'ada 
s-tuju (B.). 

Exceptionable (-a-bl), adj. yarg 
tiada di-perknankan* 

Exceptional (-al), adj. (forming 
an exception) herkchualij* (not 
ordinary, superior) bukan bararg- 
bararrj* bukan alaig-kpalarg , bu- 
kan s-bararg (B.), bukan kpalarg 
lagi (B.). 

Excess (ek-ses'), s. (superabun- 
dance) klbehan, klampauan* k- 
lempakan* kmigatan;* (extra- 
vagance) pmborosan; (remain- 
der) baki* (Ar. baqi), Ibeh. In 
excess, brrlepak-lepak* 

Excessive (-iv), adj. terlampau* 

terlampon (B.), terlalu, Ibeh derU 
padu 'adat; (of heat or price) 
trek : (of pain) trok. 

Exchange (eks-chanj'), v. t. tukar, 
ganti; (monev) tukar, urup (N. 

Exchange, s. (act of exchanging) 
tukaran, gantian; (place of ex- 
change) rumah perniaga'an, tmpat 
pertukaran umrg, tmpat mrgurup 
iratg (X.L). 

Exchequer (eks-chek'er), s. (treas- 
ury) perbndaharaan* khazanak 
(Ar.), tmpat simpan warg (B.). 

Excise (ek-slz'), v. t. (cut out) 
krok: (in writing) pararg* po* 

Excise, s. cliukai, hasil, bia (h.l.). 

Excitable (ek-sit'a-bl), adj. (ner- 
vous, ticklish) gli, snarg tergli 

Excite (ek-sif), V. t. (arouse) harg- 
kitkan. grakkan ; (kindle passions, 
etc.) galakkan, bri berrargsarg* 
radargkan* gmberakan;* (pro- 
voke) usek; (stir up) haru-biru- 
kan* gmparkan* tar oh batu-api: 
(animals to fight) oja.^-' 

Excitement (-m/?nt), s. gmbera,* 
raigsarg* prargsarg, gmpar* ha- 
ru-biru* See above. 

Exclaim (eks-klam'), v. i. bertriak, 

Exclamation (eks-kla-ma'sh-un), s. 
triak, sru* 

Exclude (eks-kliid'), v. t. (shut 
out) kluarkan; (hinder from en- 
tering) tgah; (prevent) tahan; 
(thrust out) tolak, buarg, halau. 

Exclusion (-klu'zhi^n), s. tgahan. 

Exclusive (-siv), adj. yarg mngah- 
kan, yarg mnolak. Exclusive of, 
lain deri'pada, kchuali* 

Excommunicate (eks-kom-mii'ni- 
kiit), v. t. tolak deri-pada per- 
skutuan atau agama, buarg deri 
greja (B.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, more, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hiirrj-; fdod, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thm then. 




Excoriate (eks-kor'i-at), v. t. le- 

Excrement (eks'kre-ment) , s. tahi, 
najis (Ar.), ta'ih (B.). 

Excrescence (eks-kres'ens), s. gm- 
hoi* honjol, jiidol. 

Excrete (eks-kref), v. t. (throw 
off, discharge as useless) huaiy. 

Excruciate * (oks-kroo'shi-at) , v. t. 
seksaJcan , .< rxjsaralian ( Sk. ) , 
'adzabkan (Ar.). 

Exculpate (eks'kul-pat), v. t. Ipas- 
Jcan deri'pada salah. 

Excursion (eks-ker'shzm), s. (expe- 
dition) aigkatan, sraiyanj'-^ (pleas- 
ure trip) mal'an aiyin. 

Excusable (eks-kiiz'a-bl), adj. yarg 
holeh di-ampuni, yairj boleh di- 
mahaphan (Ar. maCif). 

Excuse (eks-kuz'), V. t. (exculpate) 
Ipashan deri-pada salah; (pardon) 
ampuni, mahapl'an (xVr. ma'dj). 
To excuse one's self (take leave) 
hermohon,* minfa diri* To ask 
to be excused (from doing a 
thing) mohon;^ minia mahap 
(Ar. ma'df). 

Excuse (eks-kiis'), s. (pardon, ac- 
quittal) ampun, maliap (Ar. ma'- 
df) ; (apology, subterfuge) daleh* 

Execrable (eks'e-kra-bl), adj. ter- 
Icutol', Jchncliian, patut krm sum- 
pah (B.). See below. 

Execrate (eks'e-krat), v. t. (curse) 
kutok; (detest) hnchi. 

Execute (eks'e-kiit), v. t. (com- 
plete, finish) habiskan, sudalikan, 
smpurnakan, hasilkan (Ar.) ; 
(perform) huat, lakukan/^ kerja- 
kan; (a deed) sain (E.), huboh 
tanda-targan , taroh tanda targan 
(B.) ; (put to death) bunoh; 
(with the kris) mlafg;'^ (by 
strangling) kujut. 

Execution (-ku'shi^n), s. (consum- 
mation) ksudahan; (death penal- 
ty) pmbunohan, hukmn bunoh; 
(act of performing) perbuatan. 

Executioner (-er), s. pertanda* 
plbaya/^ oraig ijarg gantorg oraig 

Executive (egz-ek'u-tiv), adj. yaig 
dapat mlakukan* yatg dapat m- 
nferjakan, yatg boleh jalankan 

Executor (-ter), s. huasa, wakil 
( Ar. wakU) ; (of a will) wasi 
(Ar. wasi). 

Exemplary (egz-em'pla-ri), adj. 
(serving as a warning) yarg mn- 
jadi larargan; (serving as a pat- 
tern) yaiy inn jadi fuladan. 

Exemplification (-pli-h-ka'sh'wn),y. 
chontoh, tuladan; (illustration) 

Exemplify (-pli-fi), v. t. (illus- 
trate) tyatakan, mnjadi tuladan, 
'iharatkan (Ar.), mesalkan (Ar. 

Exempt (egz-emf), v. t. Ipaskan, 
beba-skan, kch ualikan/^ 

Exempt, adj. Ijxis, bebas. 

Exemption (egz-emp'shtm), s. k- 
Ipasan, kbebasan. 

Exercise (eks'er-siz), s. hal mlaku- 
kan* hal mmbiasakan diri,snam* 
latehan* Military exercises, ba- 
ri.^, lafehan* kaivaid (Ar.). 

Exercise, v. t. (cause to act) usalia- 
kan:'^' (practise) biasakan, laku- 

Exercise, v. i. lateh/^ bersnam* 
kawaid* (Ar. qawaid). 

Exert (egz-ert'), v. t. (put forth, aa 
strength or will) kluarkan. To 
exert one's self, nsahakan diri* 
gagahi diri* bersurggoh-surggoh, 
bantitg tulatg, berkial-kial, ber- 

Exertion (egz-er'sh?ni), s. usaha 
(Sk.), bantitg tulatg, kllahan.* 

Exhale (eks-haF or egz-al'), v. t. 
(breathe out) htnbuskan. 

Exhale, v. t. berwap, merwap, ber^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin ^7ien. 




Exhaust (egz-awsf), v. t. (drain or 
draw out completely) habis'ka7i, 
hilargkan; (weary or tire out) 
pnatkan, Imalilwi, jrelihan,'^ tnaU 

Exhausted, adj. inat, pereli_, ter- 
pereli ( B. ) . 

Exhaustion (-aws'cht^n), s. hpnai- 
an, klmahan. 

Exhibit (egz-ib'it), y. t. (present 
to view) perlihatkan; (show, dis- 
play) Uinjokkan, lyatakan. 

Exhibition (eks-i-bi'sh-wn), s. (act 
of exhibiting) pertunjok'an: 
(show) tmasa (Sk. tojnasha). 

Exhilarate (egz-il'a-rat), v. t. 
(make merry) sukakun, riakan* 

Exhilaration (-ra'shim), s.. kmharg- 
rahu* ksuka'an. 

Exhort (egz-orf), v. t. (by advice) 
nasihatkan/^ irgatkcm. 

Exhume (eks-hum'), v. t. horeh 
may at deri kubor. 

Exigency (eks'i-j en-si), s. (press- 
ing need) hajat (Ar.) ; (lack, 
deficiency) kkurargan, kssaVan. 

Exile, (eks'il), v. t. huarg deri negri, 
halau, huarg homhai. 

Exile, s. (banishment) pmhtiargan; 
(a person) orarg luaigan, orarg 
dagarg, orarg kluaran, oraig hna 

Exist (egz-isf), v. i. (be) ada; 
(live) hidop. 

Existence (-ens), s. k'ada'an, vjud^- 
(Ar. 71)11 jud). 

Existent (-ent), adj. yarg ada, lagi 

Exit (eks'it), s. (departure) kluar- 
an; (way out) tmpat Jduar, jalan 
kluar, pintu. 

Exodus (eks'o-di/s), s. khiaran. 

Exonerate (egz-on'er-at), v. t. Ipas- 
kan deri-pada salaJi, siwhikan deri- 
pada salali. 

Exorbitant (egz-or'bi-tant), adj. 
terlampanj^ Iheh deri-pada 'adat, 
terlampon mahdl (B.). 

Exorcise (eks'or-siz), v.t. (cast 
out, as spirits) huaiy; (destroy 
evil influences by charms) ta- 
irari:* (a person) papas; (a 2}laee 
b}' otlerings) scinah. 

Exorcist (-sist), s. paivarg. 

Expand (eks-pand'), v. i. kmhaig; 

(as rice when boiledj 




the stomach) kmhoig; (become 
larger) mmbsar. 

Expand, v. t. (open wide) kmhaig^ 
kan; (enlarge) luaskan. To ex- 
pand the breast, iehergkan dada."^ 

Expanse (-pjlns'), s. (extent) 
Muasan.'^ The expanse of heaven, 
hnfaiyan largit. 

Expansion (-pan'shzm), s. (act of 
expanding) pyymhargan; (enlarge- 
ment, extension) kluasan. 

Expansive (-siv), adj. (wide ex- 
tending) luas; (tending to ex- 
pand) yaig kniharg. 

Expatiate (eks-pa'shi-at), v. i. Ian- 
jiitkan perkafa'an. 

Expatriate (eks-pa'tri-at), v.t. 
huarg deri negri. 

Expect (eks-pekf), v. t. (look for- 
ward to) nafitikan; (anticipate) 
sargka; (with hope) harap. 

Expectant (-^nt), s. yarg mnanti- 

Expectation (-a'sh?/n), s. (act of 
expecting) lial rananti; (thing ex- 
pected) yarg di-nantikan, harapan, 
sargka; see expect. 

Expectorate (eks-pek'tor-at), v.t. 
kluarkan dahak, kahak, ludah. 

Expectoration (-a'shwn), s. hal 
mrgliiarkan dahak, hal mludah. 

Expediency (eks-pe'di-en-si)^ s. 
(ad\'antage) iinioiy, fa'idah. 

Expedient (-cnt), adj. (fit, proper)' 
patut, haik, layak; (advantage- 
ous) herunforg, herfa'idah. 

Expedient, s. (means to an end) 
dai/a-upaya:'^' (makeshift) ''akal^ 
elah* (Ar. mlah). 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f55d, foot, awfool (awful); law", how, oil; thin then. 




Expedite (efe'pe-dit), v. t. (has- 
ten) sgral'an, tkasTcan, lafgatkan/^ 

Expedition (-di'shwn), s. (haste) 
sgra, chpat; ^(excursion) arglcaian, 

Expeditious (-di'shws), adj. R'as, 
chpat, batrjat* pantas. 

Expel (eks-pel'), v. t. Iduarkan, 
huaigkan, haJaukan, njahkanf^ 

Expend, (eks-pend'), v. t. (employ) 
jmkai, gimal-an; (consiime) habis- 
kan; (spend) hlanjakan. 

Expenditure (-i-ehiir), s. hlanja, 
perhlanja'an, otykos (X.I.) (D. 

Expense (eks-pcns'), s. Uanja. 
Petty expenses, hlanja kropm-kra- 
pis,"^ hJanja kertak-kprtik (B.), 
hlanja rnchek-rnchek (B.). 

Expensive (-pen'siv), adj. malial. 

Experience (eks-per'i-ens), s. (per- 
sonal acquaintance) pyytahuanj 
( practice ) kh iasaia n . 

Experience, v. t. (be acquainted 
with) tahu; (have befall one) 
' kna, hertmic dtyan; (be affected 
by, feel) rasa, iaiygoiy. 

Experienced (-enstj, adj. (taught 
by practice) ialin, hiam, mahir* 
(Ar. mdhir), masak. 

Experiment (eks-per'i-ment), s. 
(trial, test) ptyujian, pmreksa'an, 
kiya ta'a n, ch oba-ch oha. 

Experiment, v. i. rJioba, preksa, uji. 

Experimental (-men'tal), adj. (by 
experiment) dn/an uji, dryan 
• rhoba'choba; (by experience) 
dnjan biasa. 

Expert (eks-pert'), adj. yaty biasa, 
ya )y ta h n, pa h am, mail ir ( Ar. ) , 
ahli (Ar.), pandai, pintar (X. I.). 

Expert (eks'pert), s. oraiy paliarn 
(Ar. f'aliam), oraiy pandai, ahli 

Expiate (eks'pi-at). v. t. (make 
amends for) oanfikan. To expiate 
a crime, bayer hutary dosa. 

Expiration (eks-plr-a'shun), s. (of 
breath) nafas; (of time) kputus- 
an, ksudahan, pryhabisan, habis 

Expire (eks-pir'), v. i. (breathe 
out) kliiar nafas; (die) putus rya- 
wa; (terminate) habis; (cease, 
become extinct, as a lease) mati. 
The time has expired, waktu-rya 
sudah lewat. 

Explain (eks-plan'), v. t. irarykan, 
lyatakan, artikan, shurahkan 
(Ar.) : (of riddles or problems) 

Explanation (eks-pla-na'shi^n), s. 
(act of explaining) hyata'an, p- 
lyertian; (meaning) arti; (recon- 
ciliation) perstiijitan; (commen- 
tary) tafsir (Ar.), shurah (Ar.). 

Explanatory (eks-plan'a-tor-i) , adj. 
yary mnrarykan, yary mryatakan. 

Expletive (eks-ple'tiv), s. sumpah. 

Explicit (eks-plis'it), adj. trary, 

Explode (eks-plod'), v. i. Hop, m- 
Itop (B.). 

Exploit (eks'ploit), s. perbuatan 
perkasa (Sk.), perbuatan yary ber- 
nama (B.). 

Exploration (eks-plor-a'shi^n), s. 
pmreksaan, prylidekan* 

Explore (eks-plor'), v. t. (examine) 
pi'eksa; (minutely) slidek;* (by 





duya; (for discovery) 
(eks-plo'zhz/n), s. Uop^ 
(eks-plo'siv), adj. yarg 

(eks-po'nent), s. yary 

mnandakan, yaty trarykan (B.). 
Export (eks'port), s. dayaryan yary 

kliiar,* barary yary di-hantar 

kluar deri neyri. 
Export (eks-porf) , v. t, batva hluar, 

bawa dayaiyan* 
Exporter (-er), s. yary mmbawa 

dayaryan kluar. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, 6arry; gve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

liiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Expose (eks'poz), v. t. (display, ex- 
hibit) huka, tunjokMn; (lay 
bare) ddah^ hiika; (lay open, dis- 
close) lyatakan, iunjohl-an; (as a 
signboard) dendenjhan/^ To ex- 
pose to the snn, jmor. To be ex- 
posed to, I'na. 

Expostulate (eks-pos'tu-lat), v. i. 
To ex2X)stii]Ht<' -with, implah. 

Exposure (eks-p5'zhur), s. lial mm- 
huka, lial mnjadi terhiiha. In- 
decent exposure, tersalah kain. 

Expound (eks-poTs-nd'), y.t. arii- 
kan, tmrgl'an, n/atakan; (as a 
commentary) tafsirkan (Ar.). To 
expound a knotty point, urai'^^ 

Express (eks-pres'), v. t. (squeeze 
out) ;j?-aA; (represent, manifest) 
ryatakan; (declare what is in 
one's mind) tmiykan, katakan. 

Express, s. (messenger) surohan 
yaty pantas; (train) kreta som- 
horg; (circular) mklar (E.), pm- 

Express, adj. (exact) hM; (dis- 
tinct, clear) irarg, lyata; (for a 
particular ])urpo8e) drgan sigaja, 
khafi^ (Ar. khas<^)'. 

Expression (eks-in-esh'tm), g. (act 
of expressing) hal mmrah, haJ 
mnjatakan, hal mnrargkan, knjata'- 
an; (phrase) perchalcapan, per- 
hham'anr' (of the face) ayer 
muka; sec >::xpRtss. 

Expressive (eks-pres'iv), adj. yaiy 
mryatakan, yaig mnrargkan. 

Expressly (-li), adv. (with distinct 
purpose) drgan srgaja. 

Expulsion (cks-pul'sh?/n), s. hal 
mmhiuirgkan, hal nmolak. 

Expunge (eks-punj'), v. t. (blot 
out) hapvs* hiinoh ; (destroy, an- 
nihilate) hinasakan, iumpas. 

Expurgate (eks'per-gat), v. t. ler- 
sehkan, suchikan. 

Exquisite (eks'k\d-zit), adj. (ex- 

cellent) indah, el ok; (extreme) 
yayy a mat sargat, yarg terlalu. 

Exquisite, s. (fop) psolel% si hi- 

Extant (eks'tant), adj. (still exist- 
ing) ya7g lagi ada. 

Extemporary (eks-tem'por-a-ri), 
adj. (without preparation) yarg 
iiada di-sdiakan dhulu. 

Extempore (-por-i), adv. drgan 
iiada miydial'an, drgan iiada di- 
.^diakati dhulu: (suddenly) seria- 

Extemporize (-Iz), v. t. (speak ex- 
tempore) heriuior digan iiada m- 
lydiakan dJmlu; (prepare hastily) 
siapkan serta-meria. To extem- 
porize verses, herpantufi. 

Extend (eks-tend'), v. i. (spread 
out) kmbatg, larat, ramhak;* (as 
a sore) royakf^ (as liquids) ruak, 
mruap (B.). To extend to, sani- 

Extend, v. t. (stretch out, prolong) 
panjaigkan; (as a rope) rntaig ; 
(tightly) tgatg: (enlarge, expand) 
luaskan, lapaiykan; (prolong, of 
time ) lanjutka n , targgoh ka n r 
(hold or stretch forth, as the arm) 
hidor, unjok, kdarg;* (as the legs) 
lunjor; (as the wings) kmlarg- 
kan : (as the tongue) julor; (be- 
stow, as sym2)athy. etc.) hri, un- 

Extension (-ten'slnm), s. (act of 
extending) hal ramanjargkan, etc., 
as above. Extension of time, rna- 
sa pertaiygohan,'^' iempoh. 

Extensive (-siv), adj. (of wide ex- 
tent ) luas, Iciparg, ramharg, &i- 

Extent (eks-tenf), s. (space, bulk) 
kluasan, klapargan, khsaran; (de- 
gree, measure) kdar* kadar* (Ar. 

Extenuate (eks-ten'u-at), v. t. 
(make slender) snikan* halusi; 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hiirry; fornl, foot, uv,fool (nwful) ;' law, how, oil; thin then. 




(palliate, lessen) rerganJcan, leu- 

Exterior (eks-ter'i-er), adj. luar, 

sblah luar, lahir* (Ar. Uahir). 
Exterior, s. luar, shlah luar, hulit. 
Exterminate (eks-ter'mi-nat), v. t. 

tumpas, hinasaJcan. 
External (eks-ter'nal), adj. luar, 

sblah luar, lahir* (Ar. Uahir). 
Extinct (eks-tingkf), adj. (quench- 
ed) padam; (without survivor) 

pupus,"^ hahis; (dead) habi^ mati. 
Extinguish (eks-ting'gwish), v. t. 

(quench) padam; (put an end to) 

tiadahan, hiJa7g]can, habishan. 
Extirpate (eks'ter-pat), v. t. (root 

out) chabot, baritunj* (destroy 

wholly) pupushan,* tumpas. 
Extol (eks-tol'), V. t. puji, hsar- 

lean, tirggihan. 
Extort (eks-torf), v. t. ambil drgan 

hras, rain pas, hisap darah. 
Extortioner (-tor'shim-er), s. pa'- 

Extra (eks'tra), adv. yarg Ibeh, tani- 

bah, tohoh, basi* An extra help- 
ing of rice, nasi tambah. 
Extract (eks-trakt'), v. t. (pull out) 

chabot; (withdraw) hluarkan; 

(select) pileh. 
Extract (eks'trakt), s. (quotation) 

purgutan, chabotan; (copy) tiru- 

an;* (essence) pati, Jchasiat (Ar.). 

Mukim extract, gran kchil (E. 

Extraction (eks-trak'sh-wn) , s. (the 

act) hal mnchabot, etc., as above; 

(lineage) kturunan, bneh. 
Extradition (eks-tra-dish'i^n), s. 

Extraneous (eks-tra'ni-'j^), adj. 

(not belonging to) yarg tiada ber- 

kna'an, yarg tiada mnasabah drgan 

(Ar.) ; (foreign) kluaran, dagarg, 

deri negri lain. 
Extraordinary (eks-tror'di-na-ri) , 

adj. (unusual) yarg tiada biasa; 

(more than ordinary) buJcan ba- 

rarg-bararg, bukan s-bararg (B.), 
bukan kpalaig, bukan bmtan, Ibeh 
deri-pada 'adat; (rare, uncom- 
mon) plek,* jaratg; (wonderful) 
hairan, 'ajaib (Ar.). 

Extravagance (eks-trav'a-gans), s. 
(excess) ksaigatan, klampauan;* 
( prodigality ) pmborosan. 

Extravagant {-gani), adj. (beyond 
proper limits) tersargat, terlam- 
pan, terlarnpofi (B.) ; (wasteful) 
boros. To )x! extravagant, mm- 

Extreme (eks-trem'), adj. (far- 
thest) yarg jauh skali, yarg hu- 
joig; (last, final) yarg pvghabisan, 
yarg akhir (Ar.) ; (excessive) ter- 
lampau,* terlalu, terlampon (B.) ; 
(of heat) trek; (of pain) trok. 

Extremely (-li), adv. amat,* sa- 
rgat, skali, terlalu, terlampau,* 
terlanchut,* bukan buatan, ter- 
lampon (B.). 

Extremity (eks-trem'i-ti), s. (ut- 
most limit) hujoiy; (necessity) 
kssaVan, kpichek'an,* kputusan. 

Extricate (eks'tri-kat), v. t. (dis- 
embarrass) Ipaskan, luputkan.* 

Exuberance (eks-ii'ber-ans), s. 7^- 
me wall an, klempahan,* klampau- 

Exuberant (-ant), adj. yarg mlem- 
pah,* yatg meirah. 

Exude (eks-ud'), v. i. leJeh, mleleh 

Exult (egz-ulf), V. i. bersuka sbab 

Exultation (eks-ul-ta'shwn), s. 
suka-ria* suka-liaii sbab kmnarg- 

Eye (i), s. mata. Eye of a needle, 
lobarg jarom. Hollow of the eye, 
Ikok mata. To see with the mind's 
eye, terbayaig-bayarg di-mata. To 
keep one's eye on a child, lihat- 
lihatkan budak. 

Eye, V. t. mata'i, tergok, huargkaii 
mata (B.), taiap.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Eyeball (i'bawl), s. hiji mata. 
Eyebrow (i'brow), s. hnirg. To ! 

raise the eyebrows, kiyit* \ 

Eyeglass (i'glas), s. kacha mata,'^ ' 

chertnin mata. ' 

Eyelash (i'lash), s. hiilu mata. i 

Eyelid (i'lid), s. hlopah mata, plu- ' 

poh mata."^ 
Eyesalve (i'sav), s. chlal\ 
Eyesight (i'sit), s. piyUkatan. 
Eyetooth (i'tooth)^ s. gigi asu/^ 

gigi anjinj. 
Eyewitness (i'wit'nes)^ s. saTcsi 

yarg sndiri 7)ilihat. 
Ezekiel (e-ze'ki-el), s. fwli HizJciel. 

Fable (fa'blj, s. ehrita perum- 
pama'anj^' ch rita, rel'a-rekaanf^ 
(falsehood) ehrita hohonj. 

Fabric (fab'rik), s. perbuatan, 
huatan; (edifice) bargunan; \ 
(cloth) tnunan. \ 

Fabricate (fab'ri-kat), v. t. (con- \ 
struct) buat, tulmgi:'^ (invent) \ 
jadikan, adakan; (a story) reka.* i 

Fabrication (-ka'shwn), s. perhiat- 
an; (falsehood) bohorg. 

Fabulous (fab'ii-b/s), adj. (fie- ' 
titioug) jadi-jadian : (passing 
belief) 'aja'ib (Ar.), mustahU 

Facade (fa-sad' or fa-sad'), s. i 
muka-rumah . \ 

Face (fas), s. (yisage) muka, iva- \ 
jah {Av.),durja (Sk.) ; (surface) 
muka: (appearance, aspect) ru- ; 
pa; (grimace) muka erut. Face , 
downwards, tiarap. Face up- ^ 
wards, ilntaig. Face to face, ber- \ 
tntargan, mnntarg mata._- To i 
make faces, srhgai.^^ To pull a \ 
long face, iarek muka dua-blas, 
buat muka asara (B.). 

Face, V. t. (confront) tntarg; (stand 
opposite to) hadap; (encounter, 
oppose) la wan; (cover, as with ; 

metal) sahd; (smooth the sur- 
face, as stone J pahat. 

Facet (fas'et), s. (of a diamond) 

Facetious (fa-se'sli7/s), adj. ber- 
gurau, bersnda^' berjnakaf' ber- 
.'<loroh, mka main (B.). 

Facile (fas'il), adj. (easy) snarg, 
mudah;'^' (mild, affable) mank; 
(yielding) ImaJi-hnbot; (expert) 
pant as. 

Facilitate (fa-sii'i-tai ), v. t. mu- 
dalikan,'^ sn-argkan. 

Facility (-i-ti), s. (ease) ksnargan. 
kmndahan;'^ (dexterity) kpanta<- 
an; (opportunity) paksa* smpat, 
pJuarg/^ snaig (B.). 

iFacing (fa'sing), s. (sheathing, 
covering) sahitan; (of a coat) ^*- 
paian Ivh'ir hnju, scrg,sergan Irgan 

Facsimile (fak-sitti'i-le), s. iiru- 

Fact (fakt), s. (act, event) per- 
buafan, pkerja'an, hal; (reality) 
kbtulan, hakikat (Ar.). In fact, 
as a matter of fact, s-bnur-rya, 
.^-sufggoh-rya, pada Jiakikat-tya 
(Ar.), yatg btul-nja (B.). 

Faction (fak'sh«n), s. (party, cli- 
que) pihak* pakatan; (dissen- 
sion) perslisehan.'^^ 

Factious (-sh?/s), adj. (turbulent) 
pfgharu:* (raising dissensions) 
bersliseh,^ berttgkar. 

Factitious (-tisli'ws), adj. yaig di- 
buat-budf, chatggeh/'' pura-pura.'^' 

Factor (fak'ter), s. (agent) tva- 
kil (Ar.) : (contributing circum- 
stanee) hal yarg mnjbabkan,^ per- 
kara yarg mndatargkan. 

Factory (-tor-i), s. (gen.) pabrik 
(X.T. ) (I).)- (''I which rol- 
lers are used) kelnig,'^' as, tapioca 
^mill, kelaig ubi/'' A'arious ex- 
pressions are used, as, pine apple 
factory, tnipat mai<ak nan{i.s, enjin 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eye, h^n, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re. sort, sorry; use, us, niin^is, ciire, injure^ 

hurry; food, foot, awf-C^^ '"awful); law, how, oil; thin i/jen. 




nanas; ice factory, enjin ayer 
Factotum (fak-to'tiMn)^ s. orarg 

Faculty (fak'wl-ti), s. (natural 
function) sipai (Ar. si/ai), Icua- 
sa: (body of teacliers) majlis 
sgala guru. 

Fad (fad), s. (fancy) Ivgmaran,* 
hsuka'an; (capricious hobby) p- 
kerja'an slu-aia^' pkerjaan ia-- 

Fade (fad), v. i. (wither, decay) 
lay-u, mdlaf^ (lose colour or 
brightness) turun, udam,^ malis;* 
(grow dim, disappear) kahus/^ 
Iniyap, hUatg. 

Faeces (fe'sez), s. najis (Ar.). 

Fag (fag), V. i. (tire) herphat; 
(work hard) herUah/^' Fagged 
out, Iteli-lsu/^ 

Fag, s. (menial) Itamha; (drud- 
gery) llah* 

Fag-end (fag'end'), s. punclia. 

Fagot (fag'wt), s. herkas Tcayu atau 

Fail (fal), v. i. (be wanting) hu- 
rarg, herhurqrg; (become weak) 
jadl Ueh; (omit) lalai, alpaf' 
(not accomplish) ta'jadh ta'sam- 
pal, «,s*t*,;* (become bankrupt) 
jatoh, herghrap (E.). 

Fail, V. t. (forsake) iirggall'an. 

Fail, ^. Without fail, tiada boleh 
tidal', ta'dapat tiada. 

Failing (fal'ing), s. (imperfection) 
hhurargan; (infirmity) klmahan; 
(fault) hsalalian, Ma, cliachat. 

Failure (fal'ur), s. (deficiency) Ic- 
kuratgan; (omission) alpa (Sk.) ; 
( deterioration ) rosa k, krosaVan ; 
(want of success) Jial ta'jadi, lial 
ta'jayaj^' ktewasan.^ 

Fain (fan), adj. gmar,^' suka, her- 

Faint (fant), adj. (weak) Imali, 
Ueh, Isu;'* (through loss of blood) 
maboh daralif' (timorous) ha- 

cliol,* tawar hati; (hardly per- 
ceptible) kdbus,^' rdam,^ sayup/ 
(of colour) muda, ndam,* malis* 
pudarf (of light) malap.^ 

Faint, v. i. (lose strength) jadi 
Imah, jadi Iteli; (swoon) peigsaUy 
khgar, tiada sdar akan din. 

Faint-hearted (-hart'ed), adj. /a- 
war hati, hati kchil. 

Fainting, s. petysan. 

Fair (far), adj. (beautiful) elok, mo- 
lek, chant ek, permai;^ (not dark) 
puteh; (of hair) kunirg; (of sky 
or weather) berckuacha,^ chuacha 
baik; (equitable) 'adih patut,. 
bnar; (average) sdarg. Fair 
play, k'adilari. The fair sex, hi- 
largan prempuan, prempuan-prem- 

Fair, s. pasar liari raya, pasar yarg 
di-ttapkan h ari-nja. 

Fairly (far'li), adv. (justly) drgan 
s-patut-rya, digan 'adil; (moder- 
ately) sdarg, s-devhana (Sk.), 
dig an kadar-rya (Ar.). 

Fairness (far'nes), s. (honesty) 
k'adilan, ktulusan, insaf^ {At. 

Fair-spoken (far-spo'kn), adj. mu- 
lut manis. 

Fairway (far'wa), s. (N"aut.) 

Fairy (far'i), s. pW,* pari (Pers.),. 
hidadari, ptri, orarg ksiatan (B.).. 

Faith (fath), s. (belief, confidence) 
perch aya, harap: (religious) k- 
perchaya'an, iman (Ar.) ; (re-^ 
ligion) agama, igama, iigama; 
(tidelitv, ' lovaltvj stia (Bk.), 
bakti "(Sk.).' to break faith, 
obahkan stia/'' pchah perjanjian 

Faithful (fath'fool), adj. stia,'^' A> 
perchaya'an, holek di-perchaya; 
(B.). The faithful (Moham- 
medans), oratg micmin (x\r.). 
To ]>romise faithfully, janji bailc^ 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry ; food, foot, awf ool (awful) ; law, how, oil ; thin then. 




Faithfulness (-iie.<), s. slia-,'^ l-hal'~ 

Faithless (ITuh'les), adj. (not be- 
lieving) l-urarg perchaya; (with- 
out religion) tiada beragama; 
( disloyal ) / ia da I' perchaya an, 
Ithianat (Ar.). 

Fake (fak). v. t. tipu, Janchorg- 

Falcon (faw'kn or fawl'kn), s. larg 
n/Ayt//,* latg seirah (P.). 

Fail (fawl), V. i. (generally) jatoli, 
also in tlie sense of to occur, be- 
come bankrupt, fall sick, fall in 
price, fall into one's hands; (as 
an avalanche or mass of earth) 
runtoli; (6f large, heavy objects) 
rohoh, ruholi (B.) ; (of trees) 
tumhaig, rbali; (of men) rhahj 
(of hair, dead leaves, ripe fruit, 
•etc.) luroli,^' gygor (B.) ; (pre- 
maturel}^ as unripe fruit, etc., 
also of meteors) gugor; (slowly, 
-as feathers or paper) lepeh; (in 
driblets, or accidentally on the 
way) chichir; (in drops) titeJc, 
■titisj* (of the tide) surut; (of 
the wind), sasap/^ (of the sea) 
tdoh; (of bread or cakes) hantat; 
(be captured, as a city) alah/^ 
Tcalah (B.). To fall in various 
postures, of the ])ody, of which 
either lialt or jatoli may be used 
— (face upwards) jatoh tintatg; 
(with limbs extended) ferjraig- 
haig ; (face downwards) jatoh 
tiarap; (with head bowed) jatoh 
tersiirgkor ; (on the hands) ter- 
jrotgk'oni; (sprawling) jatoh ter- 
jruinus:'^ (in a sitting posture) 
Ja/oh terdadok; (forward uu 
hands and knees) jaloh jrahap.^ 
To fall back, inidor. To fall into, 
a bole, mud or sin, prosok; (a ])\t- 
t'all or unseen hole) perlH.s* To 
fall in with (meet), l)rrtniu, her- 
jumpa, [prjnnjKtli';'^' (agree with) 
berfituju dtgan. To fall olf (with- 

draw), undor; (diminish) ber- 
hurarg. To fall on (light on), 
timpa: (attack) tmpoh, larggar. 
To fall out (as teeth) targgal,'^ 
gugor (B.) ; (quarrel) bersJuehf- 
happen) jadi. To fall through, 
t(ijadi, batal (Ar. boTal). 

Fall, s. (act of falling) hjatohan, 
l-runtohan,^ etc., see above; also 
(ruin, overthrow) hblnasa'an: 
(waterfall) jram,^ ayer terjun : 
(declivity) churaman; (autumn) 
musim hiroh daunj^ musim daun 
gugor (B.) ; (of a tackle) tali; 
(of halliards) an jar/'' 

Fallacious (fal-la'sh?^s), adj. (il- 
logical) salah; (misleading) pni- 

Fallacy (fal'la-si), s. (misconcep- 
tion) mlalh amhilan/^ silap (Ar. 
k-hildf) ; (deceitfulness) iipu. 

Fallibility (fal-li-bil'i-ti), s. pri 
boleh ssat, pri boleh bersalah. 

Fallible (iTdli-bl), adj. yarg boleh 
ssat, yatg boleh bersalah. 

Fallow" (fal'lo), adj. iandus^ Fal- 
low land, tanah mati, tanah rarg.'^ 

False (fawls), adj. (unveracious) 
bohorg, dusta, justa (B.), aula; 
(not loyal) tiada stia, khianat 
( Ar.) ; (not genuine) lanchorg,* 
palsii (Port.) ; (erroneous) tiada 
Jniar: (in fun) olok-olok; (in 
music) jafggal* False hair, 
chmara. A false step, salah lanj- 

Falsehood (-hood), s. bohorg, dus- 
ia. auta. 

Falsification (fawl-si-fi-ka'sh-wn) , 
s. lial fnmbohotgkan, etc., as below. 

Falsify (fawl'si-fl), v. t. (repre- 
sent falsely) bohoigkan; (forge, 
jnake false) lanchoigkan* palsii- 
kan, dustakan. 

Falter (fawl'ter), v. i. (in speech) 
gagap* gagok (B.) ; (in one's 
steps) oyorg*Hyotg (B.),loyorg/'' 
lUaaf' (in mind) bimbmg. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f5od, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin thou. 




Fame (fam), s. (report, rumour) 
Ichabar, werta;'^ (renown) nama, 

Famed (famd), adj. hernama, tet' 
nama, knama'an* ierhilanj^ ma- 
sohor (At. viashlivr). 

Familiar (fa-miryer), adj. (inti- 
mate, as friends) dJcat^ rainah/'^ 
herramah-ramalian* msra (Sk.) ; 
(well versed in) paliam, lyacliak,* 
ahli (Ar.) ; (accessible, uncon- 
strained, easy) heha^^; jinal\, her- 
jinak-jina¥an : (well known) m- 
'alum (Ar.), Mabvan. ramiliar 
friend, handai, sohai-liande (B.). 
Familiar spirit, haniu jamuan* 

Familiarity (fa-mil-i-ar'i-ti), s. h- 
ramahan/^ hhehasan, IcjinaVan, 
prgtahuan; see above. 

Familiarize (fa-miryer-iz), v. t. 
(habituate) hiasahan; (make ac- 
quainted) hri taku, Icasi tahu 
(B.). To familiarize one's self, 
dapat tahu, jadi ahli (Ar.), jadi 

Family (fani'i-li), s. (household) 
isi rumak; (wife and children) 
anaJi'-bini. pprmili (X.T.) : (chil- 
dren and ixrandcliildTen) anal:- 
huah; (kindred) Iduarga, I'aum/' 
Iraum-lduarga/'' pual\ rhikeu'eh 
(B.) (Ch.), sanal'-mudara {Is, 
r.) ; (lineage) hneli , kinninan; 
(group) hatr/sa. Family man, 
orarg heranal'-hln'i, orairj yarg ada 
anak hini (B.). Family tree, 
salamlah (At.), tromhaJ' * In the 
family way, huntirg, hamil (Ar.). 

Famine (fam'in), s. Maparan, k- 
huluran; (scarcity) kkiirargaji, as, 
a water-famine, kkurargan ayer. 

Famish (fara'ish), v. t. (die of 
hunger) mati la par, inati kbulur- 
an; (suffer extreme hunger) hu- 
lur, hbulur, holor (B.). 

Famous (fa'mws), adj. hernama, 
ternama, knama'an, terlUarg, ma' 
sohor (Ar. ma^hhnr). 

Fan (fan), s. kipas. Winnowing 
fan, rgiru; (a round shape) ha- 

Fan, V. t. kipaskan; (winnow) tarn- 
pi, taffipis (B.) ; (blow on) Hop, 
pupat/'' hmbus; (excite, stir up) 

Fanatic (fa-nat'ik), s. orarg panas 
darah fasal agama. 

Fanatical (-al), adj. pan-as darah 
fasal agama. 

Fanaticism (-i-^sizm) ,s. kkrasan dan 
panas darah fasal agama. 

Fanciful (fan'si-fool), adj. (guided 
by fancy) yaig di-sargka; (fasti- 
dious) baryak chreiret, arggun;* 
( unreal ) hukan-b u kan . 

Fancy (fan'si), s. (imagination) 
pri rnmihwf (thought, idea) irg-- 
atan, fkiran hail, rasa hati; (lik- 
ing) suka, kgmaran.'^ 

Fancy, adj. Fancy goods, bararg- 
perhmsan. Fancy price, Jierga 
gila."^ lierga bukan-bukan, licrga 
7niibazvr (Ar.). 

Fancy, v. t. (imagine, portray in 
the mind) fikir, iigat; (like) 
gmarj^ suka, perknankan; (be- 
lieve with insufficient evidence) 

Fang (fang), s. gigi asu/^ tarirg^ 

Fan-palm (fan'pam'), s. palas,. 
lontar, serdaig, and similar palms. 

Fantastic (fan-tas'tik), adj. (ima- 
ginary) yarg di-sargka; (capri- 
cious) banjak olah;* (eccentric) 
plek* ta'tntu arah, pancharoba.* 

Far (far), adj. jaiih, dura.* 

Far, adv. jauh. As far as, s-jauli,. 
s-brapa, rnmhawa daiarg. As far 
as I know, s-taJiu saJiya* yarg 
sahya taliu. Far better, ierlheh 
baik. Far apart, jauh jarak-nja* 
jauh safu sania lain (B.). Far 
and wide, s-gnap tmpaf, nirata- 
rata impat. 

Farce (fars), s. (low comedy) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




jnaha;* (ridiculous or empty 

show) perl'fira yaiy sia-sia.'^' 
Farcical (far'si-kai), adj. her- 

jnaka* .'^loroh, sia-sia;* see above. 
Fare (far), s. (passage money) 

iamharg^ iravg tambatyan; (in a 

carriage) seiva; (food) malanan; 

(person conveyed) orai^ tamhaty- 

an. Bill of fare, dafiar nama- 

nama makananJ^ 
Fare, V. i. (journey) herjalan; (be, 

•happen) herlal'ii/^ jadi. 
Farewell (far-wel'), int. slamat 
■tirygaJ, slamat jalan, see goodbye. 
JFarf etched (far'fechf), adj. rel'a- 

Farinaceous (far-i-na'sh«s), adj. 

deri-pada fporg, hertporg. 
Farm (farm), s. (lease, monopoly) 

pajah: (cultivated land) ladarg, 

Farm, v. t. (lease) pajak; (culti- 
vate) bertanam, herkumaj^ her- 

Farmer (farm'er), s. (one who 

leases) pmajah; (cultivator) pla- 

darg,^ oraiy ladary. 
Farrier (far'ri-er), s. tukary piikol 

hsi I'uda. 
Farseeing (far-se'ing), adj. yaty 

mlihat deri jauh; (sagacious) hi- 

Farsigh ted ( I'ar-sTt^'d) , adj. = fah- 

SEErXG, q. V. 

Farther (far7//er), adj. yaiy Ibeli 
jauh. The farther side, sbrary. 

Farther, adv. Iheh jauh; (more- 
over) dan layi, fambahaii pida. 

Farthest (far7/?est), adj. yary ter- 
Ibeh jauh, yaty jauh skalL 

Farthing (far7//ing), s. s-snJcu 
derl-pada mtu "penny,'' q.v. 

Fascinate (fas'si-nat), v. t. (as a 
serj)ent) hnakan badi; (cap- 
tivate) ajnbil hati. 

Fascination (-na'sh//ii), s. badi; 
(sexual) Uishik (A.). 

Fashion (fash'wn), s. (workman- 

ship) kerja, ktukaryan; (pattern, 
model) rupa, uiacham; (man- 
ner, sort) rhara, pri;* (prevail- 
ing style) 'adat, klaziman (Ar. ). 
pf^sen (K.), modal (X.I.). 

Fashion, v. t. (form, shape) rupa- 
kan, tokoh : (ada|)t) s-rupakan. 

Fashionable (-a-bl), adj. chara 
'adat, laziin (Ar.). 

Fast (fast), v. i. (abstain from 
food) puasa; (be Imngry) lapar. 

Fast, s. puasa. 

Fast, adv. (of slec))) Uap, ujadar/-' 

Fast, adj. (firmlv shut) terkaiop; 
(fixed) ttap, kiikoh;* (difficult to 
Duove) ktat, ktial;* (firm against 
attack, faithful) tyoh; (adher- 
ing) Ikat: (immovable) jnafi; 
(mo^'ing rapidly) Ika^, chpat, 
syra, dras, laju, tarykas/^ pantas; 
(of speech) hinchar* lantas (B.) ; 
(dissipated) pcrlonteh (X.I.). 
Fast and loose, chandakia.^ Fast 
colours, irrrna ia'iuruii, iverna 
I ah an basoli. 

Fasten (fas'n), v. t. (by tying) 
ikat; (witli a knot) simpol; (te- 
ther) iambat; (by fitting to- 
gether) pasary; (by joining) sam- 
bo ty, huboiy: (by lashing to- 
gether) sa)nbal/^ bandut;^' (as a 
l)undle of sticks) berkas; (as 
limbs togetlier or to the body, or 
two goats together) kbat;* (by 
splicing) taryyam;^^ (with nails 
or pegs) pakukan, pasak; (witli 
pins) smat. 

Fastening (fas'n-ing), s. prgikat, 
ikatau, simpolan, tambatan, etc.; 
see also Moi/r, buckle, tinjox, 

Fastidious (l'as-tid'i-'?/s), adj. (dif- 
licult to please) pmilch,^ batyak 
slori (B.) : (iu dress) raryyi; 
(fanciful) hanjak chreirrty -aty- 

^te, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minMS, cure, injure, 

iiurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then.. 




Fastness (fast'nes). s. (firmness) 
ktgohan; (stronghold) I'ota, ku- 
bu, tent erg (N. I.). 

Fat (fat), adj. (not lean) gmoh, 
tainbun;* (of babies) mimtil; 
(oily) Imak; (fertile) gmoh, su- 
bor. Very fat (of women) gjnolc 
gdemporg, gmoh I'demporg. 

Fat, s. Imak, miryak. 

Fatal (fa'tal), adj. (deadly) yaig 
mmbawa mati; (causing destruc- 
tion) malaig, chlaka, yarg mm- 
bawa bmasa. 

Fatalist (-ist), s. orarg yarg per- 
chaya nasib manusia sudah ter- 

Fatality (fa-tal'i-ti), s. (invincible 
necessity) nasib yaiy tiada da pat 
di-lalui;* (tendency to destruc- 
tion) hal yarg malarg, kmalargan, 

Fate (fat), s. (immutable law) na- 
sib; (fixed decree of God) takdir 
(Ar.) ; (destiny) untorg; (al- 
lotted life, doom) ajal (Ar.). 

Father (fa7/ier), s. bapa, ayah* 
oratg tua, 'mpek (B.) (Cli. ig- 
peh), 'ntia (B.) (Ch. rg-tici) ', 
(polite form, esp. in court lan- 
guage ) ayah an da. * 

Father, v. t. (adopt) argkat anak; 
(assume as one's own) saiggop. 

Fatherhood (-hood), s. lial mnjadi 

Father-in-law (in-law), s. mniua^ 
(laki-Iaki), mertua jantan (B.). 

Fatherland (-land), s. tanah ayer. 

Fatherless (-les), adj. tiada her- 
bapa, yatim* (Ar. yatim), piatu, 
tabapa (B.). 

Fatherly (-li), adj. cliara bapa, 
sperti bapa. 

Fathom (fath't/m), s. dpa. 

Fathom, v. t. duga, buarg prum;'^ 
(comprehend, get to the bottom 
of) duga, mrgerti, iargkap. Ru^ 
mall panjniy dlapan,* a house 
eight fathoms long. 

Fathomless (-les), adj. tiada ter-^ 

Fatigue (fa-teg'), s. pnat, kpnatan. 

It eh, llali, kllalian, hgoh. 
Fatigue, v. t. pnatkan, llahkan. 
Fatness (fat'nes), s. (corpulency) 

gmok, tambiin;'^ (fertility) gmoh, 

kg m ok' an, ksnboran. 
Fatten (fat'tn), v. t. tambunkan* 

Fatty (fat'ti) adj. berhnak. 
Fatuity (fa-tu'i-ti), s. dtyu* ^- 

Fatuous (fat'u-«s), adj. drgu* 

bo doll, bnak. 
Faucet (faw'set), s. (tap) chrat,* 

kpala palp ayer, kpala panchur 


Fault (fawlt), s. (defect, blemish) 
cliachat, chdra,* ckJa; (moral 
failing) ksalalian, salah; (mis- 
take) sUap (Ar. khildf). To find 
fault with, tgur, cliachat, salahi. 

Fault-finding (fawlt'find-ing), s. 
hal mnclila, hal mnchachat* 
suka tatgkap salah oraig (B.). 

Faultless (-les), adj. tiada ber^ 
cliachat, tiada berchla, tiada ber- 
salah, smpurna. 

Faulty (-i), adj. bercliachat, ber- 
chla, bersalah. 

Fauna (faw'na), s. sgala binatarg 
dalam xuatu bnna* [riegri (B.)]. 

Favour (fa'ver) s. (kindly dispo- 
sition, of a superior) knrnia,* 
anugrah;* (kindness) kmurahan, 
kasehan, ksian (B.) ; (kind act) 
kuniia,'^ kbajikan* kbaikan (B.). 
To ask a favour, sraya,* sambat 
(N.I.). To curry favour, chari 
kurnia,* chari miika. 

Favour, V. t. (treat kindly) kaseh- 
ankan; (show bias towards) chon^ 
drotg k-pada: (assist) tolorg, 
hasilkan (Ar.). 

Favourable (-a-bl), adj. (kind) 
murah; (advantageous) bcrguna, 
berfa'idah; (assisting) yarg m,no' 

ate, ask, am^ finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




I org. A favourable omen, padali 
yaiy haik* 'alamat yaxj baih. A 
favourable wiud, city in 'paksa* 
argin fur id, argin haik. 

Favourite (-it), adj. khaseli, pileh- 
an, yarg di-sul'a'i, yarg di-gmari* 

Favouritism (-it-izm), s. pandarg- 
mmandarg muka oraig, pileh- 
m mil eh. 

Fawn (fawn), s. atiak nisa. 

Fawn, V. i. pura-pura mmhri lior- 
7nat* tertundok-tundok. 

Fealty (fe'«l-ti), s. hakti (Sk.), 

Fear (fer), v. i. takot. 

Fear, v. t. takot akan, takotkan. 

Fear, s. takot, ktakotan, liehat (Ar. 
haibat), dahshat (Ar.). 

Fearful (fer'fool), adj. (frighten- 
ed) takot; (timid) pnakot; (in- 
spiring fear) haibat (Ar.), dah- 
shat (Ar.): ' 

Fearless (-les), adj. iiada takot, 
tiada tahu takot, brani. 

Feasibility (fe'zi-bil'i-ti), s. pri 
boleh jadi. 

Feasible (fe'zi-bl), adj. yarg boleh 
jadi, yarg berlaku.'^ 

Feast (fest), s. (festival) hari 
ray a, hari bsar, pesta (Port.) 
(N.T.) ; (festive meal) perjarau- 
an,^ makan bsar (B.) ; (in honour 
of the dead) kanduri (Pers.), 
kanduri arivah'^' (Ar. arivaJi, pi. 
of roH). 

Feast, V. i. berjamu,'^' berkanduri,* 
makan bsar (B.), biika pesta (is. 


Feast, V. t. jamu,''^' jamiikan,* kasi 

makan bsar (B.) ; (deliglit) suka- 

Feat (fet), s. perbuatan, pkerja'an. 
Feather (i'e^A'er), s. bulu. 
Feather, v. t. (cover with feathers) 

bri berbulu. To feather an oar, 

hdlekkan mata day org. 
Feathered (-erd), adj. berbulu. 
Feathery (-er-i), adj. s-rupa bulu. 

Feature (fe'chur), s. (form) rupa; 
(of the human face) paras,* ayer 

Febrifuge (feb'ri-fuj), s. obat 

February (feb'roo-ar-i), s. bulan 
yaig kdiia, bulan Feberwari. 

Fecund (fe'kund), adj. biak, pridi.'^^ 

Fecundity (fe-kun'di-ti), s. biak^ 

Federal (fed'er-al), adj. yarg ber^ 
skutu,* yarg muafakat (Ar.), yatg 
S'pakat (Ar. fakat). 

Federate (fed'er-at), v. t. per- 
skutukan,'^ mvafakatkan (Ar.). 

Federation (fed-er-a'shun)^ s. hal 
rnriipcrskutukan,* perskutuan.* 

Fee (fe), s. upah. Eetaining fee,. 
ivarg pnmpah. School fee, bayer^ 
an skolah, luatg skolah, duit 

Fee, V. t. upahkan. 

Feeble (fe'bl), adj. Imah, Iteh^ 
letak,'^^ ta'kuat, dla'if (Ar.) ; 
(with old age) renta.* 

Feeble-minded (-mlnd'ed), adj. 
kuraiy 'akal. 

Feed (fed), v. i. makan; (of prin- 
ces) santap.-'- See eat. 

Feed, v. t. (give food) bri makan; 
(by mouthfuls, as a child) suap^ 
kan^ suapi; (satisfy) knryargkan, 
puaskan; (supply to a machine) 
masokkan, isikan, jalankan; (a 
fire) rumbimkan.* 

Feed, s. makanan. Off its feed (of 
animals), chulas.^ 

Feel (fel), v. i. rasa. 

Feel, V. t. (perceive by touch) rasa, 
rasai; (touch, handle) jamah, 
jabat;-^ (groping, as a blind man)- 
rnha, gagan :''' (groping in a hole 
or bag) slok, chlok; (by placing- 
the flat of the hand on) tpam;"^ 
(perceive by the mind) rasa, ra* 
sa'i. To feel sick, dugal,"^ mvaL 

Feeler (fel'er), s. (of insects) 
siDgui,'^ jaiggot (B.) : (in con- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




versa tion) chakapan pnduga, pan- 
chiix) chaJcap (B.). 

Feeling (-ing), s. (sense of touch, 
consciousness) rasa, perrasa'an; 
(physical impulse before evacua- 
tion or labour) rsa; (mental 
state, emotion) chita* chita- 
rasa,* rasa-hati; (sensibility, ten- 
der feelings) pilu, rawan;^ kpilu- 

Feelingly (-li), adv. diyan pilu. 

Feign (fan) v. t. huat-buat, pura- 

Feint (fant), s. acliu,^ ackah.* 

Felicitate (fe-lis'i-tat), v. t. (make 
happy) sukaJcan; (wish pleasure, 
congratulate) &?-i slamat. 

Felicitous (-tus), adj. (happy) 
berbhagia (Sk.) ; (prosperous) 
mujur;'^ (appropriate) berstuju. 

Felicity (-ti), s. (blessedness) 
bhagia (Sk.) ; (prosperity) imi' 
jur.,'^ untoig baik. 

Feline (fe'lin), adj. chara kucliirg, 
bagai kucliiiy. 

Fell (fel), V. t. (cause to fall, per- 
sons) rbalikan; (cut down, as 
trees) tbarg, tiimbargkan. 

Fell, v. t. jaltit btawi. 

Fell, adj. (cruel) bigis; (fierce, 
savage) garaig, buas. 

Felloe (fel'lo), s. birgkav^^ roda, 

Fellow (fel'lo), s. (companion) 
kawan, tman,'^ taulan;'^ (associ- 
ate, partner) skutu;-^ (mate) jo- 
doh; (in universities) guru. In 
•compound words, sama and s-, as, 
fellow-citizen, orarg s-negri; fel- 
low-creature, sama manusia; fel- 
]iow-workman, yarg sama pkerja'- 
an: or as above, as, playfellow, 
iman bermain* kawan main-main 

Fellowship (-ship), s. (friendship) 
persahabatan; (partnership or 
joint interest) perskutuanf^ korgsi 

Felly (fel'li), s. see pelloe. 
Felon (fel'^n), s. orarg rantai, 

oraiy berdosa satgat; (whitlow) 

klwiit* klurutan (B.). 
Felonious (fe-lo'ni-ws), adj. amat 

berdosa,'^ tiargat jahat. 
Felony (fel'i/n-i), s. dosa bsar. 
Felt (felt), s. kain tbal, kain bulu» 
Female (fe'mal), s. prempuan, 

btina, as below. 
Female, adj. (human 

(of animals) btina. 
Feminine (fem'in-in) 




prempuan; (in gender) 
nath (Ar.). 

Fen (fen), s. paga,.ianali pajja. 

Fence (fens), s. (that which in- 
closes) pagar; (roughly made) 
sawar;* (sword play) silat. 

Fence, v. t. pagarkan. 

Fence, v. i. .silat, ptichak* see 


Fencer (fen'ser), s. pndekar.* 
Fencing (fen'sing), s. (sword 

play) pncliak/^ silat; (inclosure) 

Fend (fend), v. t. To fend off 

(Xaut.), dapra (L.). 
Fender (fen'der), s. (for a fire) 

pagar api; (Xaut.) bantal ptyarg- 

ga, dapra. 
Fennel (fen'nel), s. adas, ados 

Fenny (fen'ni), adj. paya (a). 
Ferment (fer'ment), s. • (yeast, 

etc.) ragi; (tumult) gmpar, huru- 

Ferment (fer-menf), v. i, ragi, 

kliamir (Ar.). Fermented palm 

juice, tuak. Fermented rice, 

Fermentation (fer-men-ta'sht^n), 

s. pri mragi. 
Fern (fern), s. paku-paku* pokoh 

paku (B.) ; (bracken) rsam. 
Ferocious (fe-ro'shi/s), adj. garaig, 

buas, ganas;'^ (of buffaloes) ja- 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure^ 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t^ien. 




Ferocity (fe-ros'i-ti), s. Jcgararg- 

Ferret (fer'ret), s. hinatatg yatg 

rnmburu huclibg hlanda dalam lo- 

Ferret, v. t. (searcli out) sUdeh* 

siasat (Ar.). 
Ferrule (fer'ril or I^y-tooI), s. sam- 

pak*' imin* 
Ferry (fer'ri), s. (place of cross- 
ing a river) pnjlcalan; (vessel for 

crossing) prakii tamhargan, prahu 

Ferry, v. i. shrarg, miyhrarg. 
Ferry, v. t. shrarg, shraighm. 
Ferryboat (-bot), s. see ferry. 
Ferryman (-man), s. pnamhaig. 
Fertile (fer'tll or fer'til), adj. (of 

land) suhor, gmoh; (of trees) 

berhuah banjak; (of the mind or 

imagination) her'akal. 
Fertility (fer-tiri-ti), s. Isuhoran, 

Fertilization (fer-ti-li-za'slum), s. 

hal miggmohkan. 
Fertilize (fer'ti-llz), v. t. (make 

fertile) suhorkan, gmokkan; 

(with manure) haja. 
Fervent (fer'vent), adj. (hot) lia- 

tgat, panas; (zealous) surggoh 

hati, raj in. 
Fervently (-li), adv. dtgan her- 

snrggoh haii. 
Fervid (fer'vid), adj. (hot) 7m- 

rgai : (zealous) surggoh Itaii, 

raj in. gcmtg (X.I.). 
Fervour (fer'ver), s. (heat) panas, 

kahatyotan; (zeal) surggoh hati, 

rajin, ghairaf (Ar.), geraig (IST. 


Fester (fes'ter), v. i. nanah, mna- 

nah, hernanah, rhok.* 
Festal (fes'trtl), adj. hari raya (a). 
Festival (fes'ti-val), s. hari raya, 

pesia (X.I.) (Port.), hari hsar. 
Festive (fes'tiv), adj. (festal) hari 

raya {a) ; (gay) yaig hersuka- 


Festivity (fes-tiv'i-ti), s. (gaiety) 
ksuka'an, termasa;* (feasting) 
perjamuan;'^ (festival) hari raya,, 
jjesta (N.i.) (Port.), hari h.'^ar. 

Festoon (fes-toon'), s. karanjan 
harga herkelok-kelok. 

Festoon, v. t. berkelok-kelok, ber- 

Fetch (fech), v. t. (go and bring) 
ambil, pergi arnbil, ambil bawa 
k-mari; (sell for) dapat, dapat 
herga. In describing the actions- 
of taking and conveying it is- 
necessary to be much more ex^ 
plicit in Malay than in English. 

Fete (fat), s. hari-raya, tmasa^ 
(Pers. tamasha) , pesta (X.I.). 

Fete, Y. t. jamu.^^ 

Fetich (fe'tish), s. targkaJ. 

Fetid (fe'tid or fet'id), adj. busokr 
(of animals) hamis; (of fish) 
hatyir; (of urine) hanchiig, ha- 
riig;'^ (of water) batyar;* (of 
wounds) bachin,"^ kohorg, ka- 
han/;'^ (of coco-nut oil) irgekr 
(food) hapak. 

Fetlock (fet'lok), s. iumit kuda. 

Fetter (fet'ter), s. ranlai, bUggu,*" 
pasorg; (for an elephant) srgkia 

Fetter, xA. rantaikan, bhggukan;*' 
(restrain) tahan. 

Fetus (fe'tws), s. kandorgan. 

Feud (fud), s. bela, pcrsirvan.* 

Feudal (fuVh/l ) , adj. haniba raja(a) .. 

Feudalism (-izm), s, pi'i hal orarg 
Kropah dhulu mmgarg tannh raja,, 
hantpir sperii hamba-raja Mhyu. 

Feudatory (ffi'da-tor-i), adj. ham- 
ba raja, see above. 

Fever (fe'ver), s. dniani. Fever 
and ague, dm am gigil, dma^ri 
kjira. Black water fever, dmam 
kiira digari knchiig darah. Con- 
tinued fever, dmam s-hari-hari, 
intermittent A'\er, dmam berslatg- 
hari. Typhoid fever, dmam k- 

ftte, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, m§re, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min«s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ten. 




Feverish (-ish), adj. ddar. 

Few (fu), adj. sdikit, siJcit. 

Fewer (fCi'er), adj. hurarg. 

Fez (t'ez), s. tarbus* (Ar. Tar- 
hi'Uh ) . 

Fiance (fe-ox'sa), s. iunargan. 

Fib (fib), s. hohotxj, kariit. 

Fibre (fTber), s. (a thread) nrat; 
(fibrous material) sa^o^; (strength, 
toughness) gag ah. 

Fibrous (fT'br«s), adj. srahot/' 
ber sabot (B.). 

Fickle (fik'l), adj. ta'ttap, berobali- 
obah, Unc/iah;* (chopping and 
changing) mcliali. 

Fiction (fik'shwn), s. (thing in- 
vented or imagined) yarg di-ada- 
lean, yarg di-safgl-a; (deceptive 
story) chrita bolionj ; (fictitious 
literature) rhrita. 

Fictitious (fik-tish'«5), adj. (feign- 
ed) pum-pura; (not real) ta'- 
surggoh, bohoig. 

Fiddle (fid'l), s. (oriental) rbab 
(Ar.) ; (European) biola (Port.). 

Fiddle, v. i. (play the fiddle) geseh 
biola; (move the fingers restless- 
ly) repes* hrepes* 

Fiddlebow (fid'l-bo), s. prggeseh 

Fiddler (fid'ler), s. orarg yarg main 
biola, oraig yatg mnjgesek biola. 

Fiddlestick (fid'1-stik), s. prggeseh 

Fidelity (fi-del'i-ti), s. siiu (Sk.), 
Vbalctiun (Sk.). 

Fidjjet (fij'et), v. i. (changing po- 
sition) lisah^^ glisah* blisah* 
JccJwh-lrhah:* (with the hand) 
rapai* grapai* repes.'^ 

Fidgety (-i), adj. lisah/-' lesaJc* 
kchoh-l'chah* kreteh* rsah,'^ bagi 
kpdtirg (B.). 

Fiduciary (fi-du'shi-a-ri), adj. 
amanat (Ar,). 

Fie (fi), int. cheh, chis. 

Field (feld), s, (open country, not 
tilled) padarg; (cultivated) la- 

darg, hinna;* (irrigated) sawah, 
bndrttg f (battlefield) medan. 
Field glasses, troporg dua mata. 
Field mouse, tikns tanah. Field 
of battle, medan pprargan (Ar. 
maidan). Field marshal, ptglima 

Fiend (fend), s. setan (Ar. shai- 
Tan), ibll-i (Ar.). 

Fiendish (fend'ish), adj. sperti 
shaitan, saigat jaliat. 

Fierce (fers), adj. garary, ganas* 
buas; (of wind) kras; (of fire) 
galak, marak;* (of waves) glora.* 
To look fierce, bersirga.* 

Fiery (fi'er-i or fi'ri) adj. (of or 
like fire) benyala; (ardent, vehe- 
ment) grnbera;* (spirited, as a 
horse) Imykas.* Fiery red (as 
the face), merah padam. 

Fife (fif), s. 8ulifg, srulirg* ser- 

Fifteen (fif ten), adj. lima-blas. 

Fifteenth (fif 'tenth), adj. yarg 

Fifth (fifth), adj. yarg k-lima. 

Fiftieth (fif'ti-eth), adj, yarg k* 
lima-puloh . 

Fifty (fif'ti), adj, lima-puloh. 

Fig (fig), s. (the tree) pohon ara; 
(the fruit) buah ara. 

Fight (fit),v. i. (in war) berjyratg; 
(of individuals) berklahi, lawan; 
(of animals) berlaga; (of ele- 
plants) berjuarg:* (of cocks) 
without artificial spurs) pupoh;'^ 
(with spurs) saboig. 

Fight, V. t. pratgi,'^ berjuargkan* 

Fight, s. ppratgan, perklahiun. 

Fighting-cock (iit'ing-kok), s. 
ayani mboigan, ayam saboig, ayam 

Figment (fig'ment), s, yarg di-ada^ 
kan, yarg di-sargka,, reka-reka'an.* 

Figurative (fig'ur-a-tiv), adj. drgan 
urn pa ma, bertuladan,* drgan 'iba^ 
rat, drgan kias* (Ar. qids). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, ci'ire, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Figure (fig'ur), s. (form) rupa; 
(?hape of the body) sikap* ro- 
man; (statue) patoiy; (drawing) 
iiilisan, gamhar, ptaf (symbol of 
a number) aiykaf (type, repre- 
sentative) upama, umpama, tu- 
ladan; (figure of speech) 'ibarat, 
Ji'ias* (At. qids). 

Figure, v. t. rupakan, gamharkan, 
umpamakan, 'ibamtkan, s,ee above; 
(as a sarorg) tlpokkanj* (com- 
pute) liitoig, kira. 

Figured (fig'urd), adj. bertulis, 

Figurehead (fig'ur-hed) s. (Xaut.) 
naga-naga, kalok paku. 

Filament (fira-ment), s. vrat. 

Filbert (firbert), s. s-jnis buali 

Filch (filch), V. t. churi. 

File (fil), s. (line, row) baris, de- 
ret, jejer* banjar;* (of papers) 
kumpolan snrai. Bank and file, 
r'aijat^ oraig banjak. To walk in 
single file or Indian file, jalan 
berbiintut-bimtut, berekor-ekor* 

File, s. (the tool) kikir. 

File V. t.* (arrange, set in order) 
aturkan, susnn. 

File, V. t. (with the tool) kikirkan; 
(of the teeth) asali, daborg;* 
(make the teeth l.evel) rparg;* 
(with a concave surface) Intek; 
(with points) runcliiig.'^ 

Filial (fil'i-d), adj. cliara s' oraig 
anak, sperti anak, patut bagi anak. 

Filibuster (fil'i-bus-ter), s. pjya- 
7)1 on, prompak, prampok (X.I.). 

Filigree (fil'i-gre), s. kraivarg. 

Filings (fil'ingz), s. tahi kikir, 
ah ok kikir. 

Fill (fil), v.t. (make full) pnolii; 
(put or pour in) isi, mnat; (with 
food) knryaigkan; (hold, as an 
office) pgarg. To fill in (as re- 
claimed land) tambak; (by pres- 
sure) asak, mampat. To fill up 
(stop up) tumpat;* (a hole with 

earth) timbus, sbu.* To fill out 
(swell, expand) bernas,* glmborg. 

Fillet (fil'let), s. (band for the 
hair) jamaig,* bulaig-bularg prg- \ 
ikat kundai;* (strip of meat) s- 
potorg dagitg. ' 

Fillip (fil'lip), v.t. jntek. His,* 
ptirg* kuti (B.). 

Fillip, s. jntek, ktis/' ptirg* kuti 

Filly (firii), s. kuda btina yarg lagi 

Film (film), s. slaput,* kulit ari; 
(on fruits) slnpatf (of cine- 
matograph) gambar. 

Filter (fil'ter), v.t. tapis, turas.* 

Filter, s. tapis, pnuras,* pnapis, 
saritgan (X.I.). 

Filth (filth), s. (gen.) kkotoran, 
kchninran;^ (loose) sampah, sa- 
rapf (dry and flaky) kredak; 
(from the skin) dakil^ 

Filthy (fil'thi), adj. kotor, chmar,* 

' najis; (of water) kroh; (smeared 

with dirt) berglumor, berslekeh,* 

berlmuas.^ Filthy language, 


Filtration (fil-tra'sh?/n), s. tapisan, 

Fin (fin), s. sirip^ ridipJ^ 

Final (fi'nal), adj. prghabisan, yarg 
akhir (Ar.), yarg mmutuskan, 
yarg miyudalikan; (decisive) 

Finale (fi-na'le), s. ksudahan, k- 
putusan, pjghabisan. 

Finality (fi-nari-ti), s. kputusan. 

Finally (fi'nal-li), adv. akhir-nja 
(Ar.), ksudahan-rya, prghabisan- 
lya; (ultimately) lauia-klama'an, 
blakarg kali (B.) ; (utterly, be- 
yond recovery) habis-habis. 

Finance (fl-nans'), s. (of a state) 
liasil krajaan; (income of an in- 
dividual) pndapatan, perolehan;* 
(science of raising and expending 
revenue) 'ilmu perbndahara'ati.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Financial (fi-nan'shal or fi-nan'- 
shal) adj. deri-hal warg. 

Financier (fin-an-ser') s. oraiy 
yary pandai mnjalankan perkara 

. warg. 

Finch (finch), s. hurorg pipit, bu- 
rorg cliialc. 

Find (find),v. t. (meet with) yVm- 
pa, hertmu; (get by seeking) 
dapat; (perceive, feel) rasa, da- 
pat; (gain, acquire) heroleh,"^ 
dapat; (provide, supply) bri, hasi 
(B.) ; (arrive at, determine) 
tntukan. To find fault with, 
chla. To find out, dapat taliu. 
To be found out in one's real 
character, kdapatan budi/^ dapat 
iahu asam Mat-rya (B.). To find 
it easy, rasa snarg. 

Finding (find'ing), s. (decision, 
verdict) hputusan liukum; (dis- 
covery) pndapatan. 

Fine (fin), adj. (refined, of metals) 
suchi, tulen (Jav.) ; (excellent, 
beautiful) elok, bagus; (not 
coarse) halus, rmai,"^ sni;* (in 
small particles) rnek;'^ (as pow- 
der) lumatf^^ pelus;^ (of weather) 
chuacha, ckiiacha balk. 

Fine, s. dnda. 

Fine, v. t. dndakan. 

Finery (fin'er-i), s. perhiasan, 
adun,'* prasan (B.). 

Finesse (fi-nes'), s. mwsZi'/ta^ (-^^O- 

Finger (fing'ger), s. jari. Fore- 
finger, jari tlunjok. Middle 
finger, jari Jiantu* jari mati. 
Eing finger, jari manis. Little 
finger, jari klirgkirg, jari klerg- 
keig (B.). Finger glass, marg- 
kek cliucJii targan, margkok m- 
rlorg* Finger nails, kukii. 

Finger, v. t. sntoh digan jari; 
(with one finger) cholet; (the 
violin) repes,"^' ptek (B.). 

Fingering (-ing), s. hal mryntoh 
drgan jari; (in music) krepesan.^ 

Finical (fin'i-kal), adj. pmileh, 
olalian,'*^ grumit,'^' arggunj^ 

Finis (fl'nis), s. tamat (Ar.). 

Finish (fin'ish), v. t. (arrive at the 
end of, bring to an end) habiskan, 
slsaikan; (put an end to) sudah- 
kan, piduskan; (perfect) sm- 
purnakan, gnapkan; (complete 
the reading of the Koran) Ma- 
tam (Ar.). 

Finish, s. prgJiabisan, ksiidahan. 

Finished (fin'isht), adj. (perfect) 

Finite (fi'nit) adj. bperhirgga'an,'^ 
berliad (Ar.), 

Finny (fin'ni), adj. bersirip. 

Fir (fer), s. snobar (Pers.). 

Fire (fir), s. api; (blaze, flame) 
ryala api; (hot coals) bara api; 
(conflagration) haiyusan, tunu- 
an;'^ (ardour) largkas* gmbera."^ 
Fire brigade, mata-mata bomba, 
orarg bomba. Fire crackers, me/- 
chun, ptas. Fire engine, bomba, 
enjen pmadam api. On fire, ber^ 
ryala, terbakar. To set on fire, 
chuclioli,'^^ pasarg api, siokkan 
(B.) (Ch. sio). To take fire, l7ia 
api, mnjala. 

Fire, v. t. (set on fire) chuchoh,'^^ 
siokkan (B.) (Ch.) ; (burn in a 
kiln) bakar; (cause to explode) 
tembak, pasatg; (inflame, irri- 
tate) gmberakan,"^^ rargsarg,"^ ga- 
lakkan. To fire a gun, mrnhdil.^ 

Firearm (-arm), s. snaparg, snjata 

Firebrand (fir'brand), s. puntorg 

Firefly (-fli), s. klip-klip, kunaig- 
kiinarg, api-api. 

Fireman (-man), s. tukaiy api. 

Fireplace (-plas), s. dapur. 

Fireproof (-proof), adj. yarg talian 

Firewood (-wood), s. kayu api. 

Fireworks (-werks), s. burga api, 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tlie-a.. 




Firing (-ing), s. (discharge of fire- 
arms) bdil. 

Firkin (fer'kin), s. toiy, pipa* 

Firm (ferm), adj. (fixed) ttap; 
(strong, stable) tgoh, hukoh;* 
(compact) mampat; (solid, as 
flesh) pjal,* I'myal; (viscous) 
I'ntal; (tight, as knots) trek, kn- 
chaiy, chrot:* (as a cork) ktat; 
(steadfast) chkal hati* 

Firm, s. (company, partnership) 
korigsi (Ch.), sliarikat (Ar.), ^7?^- 

Firmament (fer'ma-ment), s. (sky) 
largit, hitaiyan largit, chakrawala 

Firmness (ferm'nes), s. kttapan, 
ktgohan; see firm. 

First (ferst), adj. (ordinal num- 
ber) yarg pertama, nomhor saini; 
(earliest) mula-mula, yarg asal, 
aival (Ar.) ; (foremost) dhulu; 
(most eminent) terutama* yaiy 
masohor skali (B.). First fruits, 
huah bmgaran, huah sulorg. At 
first, hharu-hharu, mula-mida. 

First, adv. dhulu, terdhulu, mula- 

Firstborn (-born), adj. sulorg. 

First-class (-klas), adj. yaiy ieru- 
tama (Sk,), nomhor satu (B.). 

First-rate (-rat), adj. yaig teru- 
tania,* nomhor satu (B.). 

Fiscal (fis'kal), adj. perhndahara'- 
an (a).* 

Fish (fish), s. ikan. Dried fish, 
da'irg, ikan krirg. Flying fish, 
ikan blalarg, ikan ferharg (B.). 
Preserved fish (pickled in salt), 
Ijkamm* pn^asam (B.), prap 
rmpah (B.). 

Fish, V. i. targkap ikan; (with a 
line) panchirg, kail, nirga'il; 
(with casting net) jala, mnjala: 
(with a seine) pukat, wmukat; 
(with a bag net) iargkul, rnnargr 
kul; (with a shrimp net) son- 

dorg,* mnjondo7g,* swgkor* m- 
rymgkorf (with a drift net) 
jarirg, mnjarirg; (with fishtraps) 
fahan lokah , faJian huhu, see trap. 

Fisherman (fish'er-man), s. nlayan 
(Tam.), piga'il, pnjala, pmukat, 
etc., as above. 

Fish hawk (fish'hawk), s. larg laut, 
larg si put * 

Fishhook (-hook), s. 7nata ka'il. 

Fishing (-ing), adj. tatgkap ikan 
(a). Fishing boat, prahu prga'il, 
sampan pukat. Fishing rod, 
jnran ka'il, batatg juran, joran 
(B.). Fishing stakes, blat,* he- 
lorg, jermal.* 

Fishmonger (-mi/ng-ger), s. orarg 
berjual ikan, oratg prach ikan."^ 

Fishspear (-sper), s. sramparg, 
tmpv lirg, * kujur. * 

Fishtrap (-trap), s. lokah, serkap, 
bubu:'^ sec trap. 

Fishy (fish'i), adj. (of smell) ha- 
njir, liamis. 

Fissure (fish'ur), s. cldah, chlaJc 
(B.), rkah,* merkah. 

Fist (fist), s. grggam; (in fighting) 
buku lima. 

Fisticuffs (fist'i-kufs), s. tinju,* 
gochoh, iumbok. 

Fistula (fis'tu-la), s. (in ano) 
rkahan di lobarg juhur (Ar.). 

Fit (fit), s. (convulsion, paroxysm) 
pitam; (of children) sawan; 
(mood, passing humour) tirgkah, 
praygai, ragam, uriigan (B.). 
Bv fits and starts, oncharg-ori' 

Fit, adj. (suitable) patut, padan; 
(worthy) layak; (becoming, pro- 
per) snonoh, smiggah ;* (appro- 
priate) s-tuju, s-rasi; (expedient) 

Fit, V. t. (make suitable) patutkan, 
stujukan; (make ready) siapkan, 
sdiakan, hgkapkan;* (adjust) kna^ 
kan, btulkan, pasaty; (adjust in 
layers) susun; (as beams or poles) 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?<8, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




rakitkan/^ raiykapkan (B.) ; 
(close together) rapatkan. To 
fit out, hgkapkan, alatkan (Ar.). 

Fit, V. i. kna, suai* padan. 

Fitful (fit'fool), adj. ta'ttap, her- 
ohah'Ohah, pancharoha* onchary- 

Fitly (fit'li), adv. drgan s-patut-iya, 
drgan sperti-iya, dtyan snonoh. 

Fitness (fit'nes), s. kpatuian, per- 

Fitting (tit'ing), adj. patut, padan. 

Fittings, s. pi. perkakas. 

Five (fiv), adj. lima. The five 
senses, pa n cli a-in dra . * 

Fix (fiks), s. (dilemma) kmpunan. 

Fix, V. t. (make firm) tgohkaJij 
ttapkan; (make definite) tntu- 
kanj (fasten immovably) mati- 
kan; (secure by wedging, etc.) 
sridalj* snfal (B.), sndat,* gan- 
jalj* (by hanging or hooking) 
sargkotkcin; (of the eyes looking 
fixedly) Ikat; (as the eyes of the 
dead) huntaig.* 

Fixed (fikst), adj. tgoli, ttap, tntu, 
etc., as above. Fixed price, lierga 
mati. Fixed star, hiniatg Uap. 

Fixture (fiks'chur), s. (article 
attached) perkakas. 

Fizz (fiz), V. i. dsir* Itis.'^ 

Flabby (fiab'bi), adj. (yielding to 
the touch) Imhek; (of flesh) 
horyor, boyot;* (hanging loose) 
klmpirg* kopak-kopak, berglabir, 
glamhir (B.). 

Flaccid (flak'sid), adj. = flabby, 

Flag (flag), V. i. (hang loosely) 
kulai,"^ jtdai,* glepek; (droop, 
lose vigour) layu, Imali. 

Flag, s. (standard) turggul;* 
(European) hndera (Port.). To 
dip the flag, turun-naiklcan hn- 
dera. To lower a flag, turunkan 

Flag, s. (paving stone) hatu ruhin. 

Flag, s. (Acorus calamus) jrargau. 

Flagellate (flaj'el-lat), Y.t. ssah. 
Flageolet (flaj'o-let), s. hargsi,"^ 

sulirg, srulirg.'^ 
Flagitious (fla-jish'i/s), adj. ier- 

lain jaliat. 
Flagon (flag'wn), s. srahi (Ar.), 

Flagrancy (fla'gran-si), s. kjafiat' 

Flagrant (fla'grant), adj. (burn- 
ing) berryala; (atrocious) jahat 

skaU, jahat mmhakar. 
Flagstaff (flag'staf), s. tiarg hn^ 

Flagstone (-ston), s. hatu mhin. 
Flail (flal), s. kayu pnhah padi.* 
Flake (flak), s. klupas. 
Flaky (flak'i), adj. herklupas. 
Flame (flam), s. ryala, ryala api, 

lidah api; (of zeal, etc.) gmhera.* 
Flame, v. i. hevTyala, ramak,* ma^ 

rak* julatg.'^ 
Flamingo (fla-ming'go), s. s-jnis 

huro'tg herkaki panjarg. 
Flank (flank), s. (of an animal) 

lamhoig* nisok; (of an army) 

sayap, gaddng.* 
Flank, v. t. (be on one side) di 

sisi* di shlah; (on both sides) 

sblah-mryhlah ; (attack the flank 

of an army) srarg sayap niusoh. 
Flannel (flan'nel), s. kain panas. 
Flap (flap), V. i. (as sails) kirap* 

kapai-kapai, glehar;"^ (as flags) 

kibar;* (as a fish on land) gltek.^ 
Flap, V. t. khaskan, krihas* kihas. 

To flap the wings, mrgpak-rgpak, 

kiharkan sayap. 
Flap, s. (of shutters hanging ver- 
tically) tentarg; (of a table) dauti 

meja; (of a coat) lipatan haju; 

(to cover a keyhole) chaphg.* 
Flare (flar), s. snur.* 
Flare, v. i. marak,"^ berryala, pan» 

char. To flare up, naik marah. 
Flaring (-ing), adj. (of fire) yayg 

m^arak;* (of colours) chindai* 

gararg (B.). 

ate, ask, am. final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min'MS, cure, injure, 

hurry; f55d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Flash (flash), s. (of lightning) 
halilintar* panah ptir, mata ptir; 
(of weapons) Ml at. 
Flash, adj. (showy, of colours) 
chindm;'^ (counterfeit.) lanchorg* 
Flash, V. i. (burst out, as light- 
ning) panchar, lerkilat, lerkilau;'^ 
(at intervals) sabory-miyahonj, 
HlaU'kiJauan.* To flash in the 
pan (misfire), iidah mlalah* 
Flashy (-i), adj. (brilliant) hilauf 
(showy) adunf (of colours) 
chindai/^ gararg (B.). 
Flask (flask) s. huli-hulij^ lalargf^ 
botol (E.). Powder flask, ker- 
Flat (flat), adj. (level) rata, datar,* 
fiatar* papak;^ (not concave, as 
a plate) leper; (lying flat, level 
with the ground) rata drgan hu- 
mi; (prostrate) jrummj* (thin 
as compared to the width) pipeh;* 
(tasteless) tawar, ainbar* chani' 
pah;* (spread oyt, not rolled up, 
as a mat) bahar;"^ (of the heads of 
animals) dogol. 
Flat, s. (sandbank) bthy; (flat side, 
of a knife, etc.) papar,'* pnam- 
parg;* (flat-bottomed boat) k- 
tiap;* (floor of a house) tirgkat, 
Flat-iron (-I'ern), s. strika (D. 

sirijken), nt-tau (Ch.) (B.). 
Flatten (flat'tn), v. t. (make 
level) ratakan; (by pressure) 
peiyek; (with the feet) latam;* 
(make smooth or blunt, as teeth 
by filing) paparkan* ppatkan;* 
(bamboos by hammering) lupoh* 
Flatter (flat'ter), v/t. (praise) 
anjkat-aigkat, puji-puji; (coax) 
pujok, chumbu* plecheh* gom- 
Flattery (-i), s. puji-pujian, chinn- 

buan* pujok, pmbiijok'an. 
Flatulent (flat'u-lent), adj. prot 

Flaunt (flawnt), v. i. peragakan 

Flavour (fla'ver), s. (smell) bau; 

(taste) rasa. 
Flavour, v. t. sdapkan, rnchalikan.* 

Flavourless (-les), adj. tawar, 
a?)! barr cliampah.* 

Flaw (flaw), s. (crack) rtak; (de- 
fect) ch achat, chla, chdra (Sk.) ; 
(in timber) rkah, merkah. 

Flax (flaks), s. rami. 

Flaxen (flaks'n), adj. (of flax) 
deri-pada rami; (the colour of 
flax) peraiy."" Flaxen hair, ram- 
bot peraiy, rambot tali api (KL). 

Flay (fla), v. t. kvUti/^ kupas kulit, 

Flea (fle), s. kutu anjirg. 

Fleck (flek), v. t. (spot) rintek- 
kan; (spatter) rchekkan. 

Fledged (flejd), adj. berbulu, ber- 

Fledgeling (flej'ling), s. anah 

Flee (fle), v.i. lari, ambus* umbas* 
bawa diri. 

Fleece (fles), s. kulit domba, kulit 
biri-biri, s-gnap bulu deri-pada s'~ 
ekor domba. 

Fleece, v. t. guntiig bulu domba; 
(defraud of money) makan herta^ 
chkek ivarg oraig (B.). 

Fleecy (fle'si), adj. (of sheep) ber- 
bulu; (like wool) sperti bulu 
domba. Fleecy clouds, awan me- 
ga* berarak. 

Fleet (flet),s. (of ships) klrgkapan, 
argkatan* khgkapan kapal. 

Fleet, adj. (swift) pantas, laju, 

Fleeting (-ing)^ adj. (transitory) 
tiada kkal, fana* (At. fand'). 

Flesh (flesh), s. (muscles and fat, 
animal food) dagirg, isi; (the 
liuman body) badan, tuhoh;* 
(mankind) manusia; (carnality) 
hawa-nafsu; (soft substance of 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car. carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use. us, minw«, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awfil) ; law, how, oil; thin then. 




fruit) isi. Flesh and blood (re- 
lations), daginj darah. 

Fleshly (-li), adj. (animal, not 
vegetable) beiiyaiva; (human, not 
celestial) manusia, hertuhoh* 
jasmani (Ar.). 

Fleshy (-i), adj. gmoh, tamhun/^ 
see FAT. 

Flexible (fleks'i-bl), adj. Intor, 
Mat, Intok, Imbot, Imah-lorghii;* 
(through use) lusoh. 

Flick (flik), V. t. (with the fingers) 
jntek, I'tisJ^ kidi (B.), ptekf' 
(with a whi})) chtas. 

Flicker (flik'er), v. i. (flutter) 
mrgpak-rgpak ; (waver as a flame) 
klip-klip, kerlip; (as light) her- 
kilau-kilau;* (as light on water) 
ilau;* (before the eyes) hlau- 

Flight (flit), s. (act of flying) Jial 
mnerharg; (act of fleeing) plari- 
anj (flock of birds) huroty s- 
kawan. A flight of stairs, targga, 
supana (Sk.). To put to flight, 
halau, hum. A flight of ambi- 
tion, tirggi himmah (Ar.), bsar 
argan-argan* naps it hsar (B.). 

Flighty (-i), adj. kpala aigin. 

Flimsy (flim'zi), adj. (loose, 
slack) ggaif' (without reason, 
vain) sia-sia/-' perchuma. 

Flinch (flinch), v. i. tersentak. 

Fling (fling), v. t. lempar, lontar, 
lotarj* (upwards) lamborgkan; 
(of heavy things) humbalarg' 
lean;* (at a mark) temporg* to- 
gan* To fling away, buarg. To 
fling down, hmpaskan^ champak- 
kan, bantiirjkan. 

Fling, s. (act of flinging) lempar- 

an; (contemptuous remark) k- 

chla'an, maki. To have one's 

fling (of dissipation), raain gila. 

Flint (flint), s. batu api. Flint 

and steel, pmantek api.*' 
Flintlock (-lok), s. istiiggar 

Flip (flip), V. t. ktis, ptirg;* (with 

finger and thumb) jntek. 
Flippant (-pant), adj. (talkative) 

bachar/^ suka bletir, suka mletir 

(B.) ; (fluent) lanchar;* (pert, 

not serious) chtira. 
Flirt (flert), v. t. (throw with a 

jerk) jntek, ktis. 
Flirt, V. i. (coquet) kaseh mrgada- 

igada, buat-buat kaseh, berchum- 

bU'Chumbuan,^ main kaseh sa- 

yarg (B.). 
Flirt s. prempuan yarg pura-pura 

Flirtation (fler-ta'slmn), s. (love 

making) chumbu-chumbuan.* 
Flit (flit), V. i. layarg, terbarg m- 

Flitch (flich), s. babi s-blah yarg 

Float (flot), V. i. (rest on surface) 

timbiil; (drift along) hanjut, 

aporg, atoig.* To float down (in 

the air), layarg, lepek;* (down 

stream) hanjut k-hilir.* 
Float, V. t. (cause to float) timbol- 

kan. To float a company, buat 

korgsi, biika satu koigsi (B.). 
Float, s. (a raft) rakit; (corks or 

.light wood for floating nets) 

planiponj, pluntarg;* (for ang- 
ling) plamporg ka'il. 
Flock (flok), s. kawan. 
Flock, V. i. (gather in companies) 

berkrumun, berkumpol, berkawan, 

Floe (flo), s. ayer batu yaig terapoig 

di laut. 
Flog (flog), V. t. ssah, dra,"^ blasah/^ 

sbat, sembat.* 
Flood (flud), s. (water covering the 
land) ayer sbak* 'mpolian* ko- 
joh* banjir (N*.!.) ; (freshet, 
rushing water) ayer bah; (rising 
tide) ayer pasarg; (superabun- 
dance) bah. The Flood (of 
Noah) taufan (Ar.), ayer bah. 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Flood, V. t. ^mpoh* shak* kojohi* 
lipid i,"^ ladoyyi.* 

Flooding (-ing), s. (inundation) 
ayer bah, ayer shah,* 'rnpohan* 

Floor (fior), s. (of split nibory) 
lantai; (of planks) lantai papan; 
(staging, as a wharf) plantar* 
Floor tile, hatu rubin, batu ubin. 
Three floors, Hya teigkat. Upper 
floor, lot erg (Ch. lau-terg). 

Floor, V. t. (cover with a floor) 
bub oh lantai; (knock down) rbah- 
kan, jatohkan; (silence in argu- 
ment) dmmkan. 

Flooring (-ing), s. lantai, papan, 
plantar; see floor, s. 

Flop (flop), V. i. (strike about) 
kitok, glpar,* glupor; (sound of 
falling into water) dbor* 

Flop, s. (the sound) klbok, chlpok,* 
klbap, dbok, dbap, chlmporg,* ter- 

Flora (flor'a), s. tumboh-tumbohan 
dalam suatu bnua* [negri (B.)]. 

Floral (flor'al), adj. bwga (a), 
deri'pada burga. 

Florid (flor'id), adj. (red, of the 
face) bra,* merah. Florid lan- 
guage, hhasa beribarat (Ar.). 

Florin (flor'in), s. ivarg Irggris = 
dua "shilling." 

Florist (flor'ist), s. orarg yarg ber- 
jval burga. 

Flotation (flo-ta'shun), s. hal m- 

Flo-tilla (flo-tiria), s. argkatan 
prahu kchil-kchil. 

Flotsam (flot'sam) s. aporg, la- 

Flounce (flowns), v. i. bantirg diri. 

Flounce, s. ropol* (E. ruffle). 

Flounder (flown'der), s. ikan trom- 
pah, ikan bawal. 

Flounder, v. i. oyorg-ambarg,* ber- 
jalan terkergkaig-kergkarg. 

Floundering (-ing), adj. (tum- 

bling and rising) rbah-rempah,* 

Flour (flowr), s. tpo7g, tporg haliis. 

Flourish (flur'ish), v. i. (as plants) 
subor, riiip* rambak ;* (be pros- 
porous) ranibak* m/amur (Ar.). 

Flourish, v. t. limbai;* (as weap- 
ons) layam;* (in circles) kitar* 

Flourishing (-ing), adj. (prosper- 
ous) jay a,* beruntorg; also see 


Flout (flowt), V. t. 7ista (Sk.), olok- 
olok, hinakan. 

Flow (flo), V. i. (as rivers) alir;* 
(water out of a pipe) panchur; 
(in small quantities) chuchor, 
leleh, mleleh (B.) ; (of tide) pa- 

Flow, s. aliran,* chuchoran, leleh- 
an; see above. Ebb and flow, pa- 

Flower (flow'er), s. burga, kmbaig 
(N.I.) ; (of palms) matjarg; (nu- 
merical coefficient of flowers) kun- 
tom,; (choice part) pilehan; 
(flowers in general) burga-bmga'- 
an; (worn behind the ear or in the 
hair) suntirg* 

Flower, v. i. berburga; (of bana- 
nas) berjantorg; (of palms) ber- 
mayarg. Ilowered silk, kain 
sutra berburga or berchorak. 

Flowergarden (-gar-dn), s. ia- 
man,* kbun burga. 

Flowerpot (-pot), s. pa^u-burga, 
jambargan,* paso-burga (B.). 

Flowery (-i), adj. berburga. 
Flowery language, bhasa beriba- 
rat (Ar.). 

Fluctuate (fluk'chu-at), v. i. naik- 
turun, berobah-obah. 

Fluctuation (-a'slmn), s. perobah- 
an, naik-turun. 

Flue (floo), s. chororg, chororg asap, 

Fluency (floo'^n-si), s. lanchar,* 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




Fluent i-ent), adj. (liquid) cha'ir; 
(of speech) lanchnr,^ pantas mu- 
luty petah-lida1h* fa^ih-lidah 


Fluently (-H), adv. sperh ayer. 

Fluff (fluf), s. hulu Jialus-halus, 
hulu rarnaig* 

Fluffy, adj. (of hair) l-ersaiy.'^ 

Fluid (floa'id), adj. cha'ir. 

Fluid, s, bnda chair; (of the fluids 
of the body) ayer, as, ayer lior, 
ayer ludali, ayer mata, etc. 

Fluke (flook), s. (of an anchor) 
huku sank; (accidental advan- 
tage) paksa; (in billiards) fiut 

Flume (floum), s. tali ayer. 

Flummery (flum'mer-i), s. (pap) 
hub or; (empty compliment) pm- 

Flunkey (flung'ki), s. orarrj gaji 
yarg mmakai pakamn kbsaran. 

Flurry (fliir'ri), s. (of wind) argm 
s-bntar; (commotion) kachau-bi- 
lan* kochoh-garyah, huru-hara. 

Flurry, v. t. kachaukan, harukan* 

Flush (flush), v.i. (turn red) bra,^ 

Flush, V. t. (flood with water) 

Flush, adj. (abounding) mewali; 
(liberal) murah; (level) sama 
rata, s-lari, kanchap* 

Fluster (flus'ter), v. t. 
bbgorgka n, klirukan, 


Flute (floot), s. suhrg, 
bargsi* serdam* muri 
(groove or channel) glugor/^ 

Fluted (-ed), adj. berghigor* ka- 

Flutter (flut'ter), v.i. (as butter- 
flies) beratorg-atorg;* (as flags) 
kibar;* (as birds) glpar, gleser;* 
(of the heart) berdbar. 

Flutter, s. (hurry) gsa,"^ kochoh- 
ganjah; (mental agitation) kloli- 


(Pers.) ; 

Flux (fluks),s. (act of flowing) hal 
nngalir:'^' (change) perobahan* 

Fly (lii), v.i. (as birds) terbaixj; 
(soar, be borne as a leaf) layarg; 
(run, flee) lari. To fly at (at- 
tack) serbu, terkam; (of fighting 
cocks) prap* pupoh* 

Fly, s. (house fly) lalat; (blue bot- 
tle) Mat hijau, lanjau* hijau; 
(large stinging fly) largau; 
(horse fly) pikat;'' (fruit fly) 
bari-bari* krok;* (sandfly) agas; 
(fire fly) klip-klip, kunarg- 
kunatg;^ (dragon fly) sibor- 
sibor,'^ tunu-tiinii.'^ Fly fishing, 

Flycatcher (fli'kach-er), s. bberek* 

Flying fish (fli'ing fish), s. ikan 
blalatg,* ikan terbarg (B.). 

Flying fox (foks), s. kluarg. 

Flying lemur (le'mur), s. kuborg.^ 

Flying lizard (liz'erd), s. chciiak 

Foal (fol), s. anak kuda; (of ^n 
ass) a?iak kaldai. 

Foam (fom), s. bueh, bum (B.) ; 
(at the mouth) Z/i/a* (W.). 

Foam, v.i. herbueli, berbusa, map, 
mruap (B.). 

Focalize (fo'krtl-Iz), v. t. (bring to 
a focus) kumpolkan, satukan. 

Focus (fo'ki/s), s. mata, pusat. 

Focus, V. t. (a telescope or camera) 
fokas (E.). 

Fodder (fod'der), s. makanan ya^y 
di-bri k-pada kuda, Imbu, dan s- 

Foe (fo), s. (personal) stru;* 
(common, national) musoh. 

Fcetus (fe'ti/s), s. kandorgan. 

Fog (fog), s. kabot. 

Fogey (fo'gi), s. pa si-bndul* 

Foggy (fog'gi), adj. berkabot, ka- 

Foible (foi'bl), s. kcMa'an, chachat. 

Foil (foil), V. t. (baffle) tahankan, 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mintts, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Foil, s. (of metal) prada* Icerjaiy* 
krajarg,* Ironchanj;'^ (for fenc- 
ing) pdarg srimi.'^ 

Foist (foist), V. t. masohl-an mn- 
churi-cliuri, cliiiri masolcl-an (B.). 

Fold (fold), Y. t. (lay over) lipat; 
(the arms) ploh tub oh* ploh ta- 
rgan (B.). To fold up (as a 
flower), huncliup. To fold in 
two, as blankets or mats, lirghup.'^ 

Fold, s. (part laid over) lipatan; 
(slightly) hJepet;* (doubling, 
tripliig, etc.) lapis; (crease, wrin- 
kle) krut, Jvdut/'' (of drapery) 
pulun* Two fold, diia kali 
ganda,* dua kali hanjak. 

Fold, s. (pen) kandaiy. 

Folding (-ing), adj. Folding doors, 
pintu herkpak dua. 

Foliage (fo'li-ej), s. daun-daunan. 

Folio (f5'li-6), s. kertas yarg di- 
lipat s-kali; (page) muka huku. 

Folk (fok), s. orarg; (relatives) 
puak-puak (B.), kaum (Ar.), 

Folklore (fok'lor), s. clirita orarg 
dhulu kala. 

Follow (fol'lo), V. t. (go after) 
ikut, turut; (go with, as a leader) 
irirg;* (chase, pursue) ^isir* 
kjar; (imitate) tmi;* (obey, 
yield to) tvrut. To follow suit, 
chargkok* To follow up, iknt, 

Follower (-er), s. (attendant) 
prgiritg/^ tman, pawai* sakai;* 
(disciple) murid; (of a prophet) 
umaf^ (Ar. nmmat). 

Following (-ing), adj. kmdian. 
Following wind (ISTaut.), aiyin 
turut, aigin sororg huritan. The 
following day, esok-iya. The fol- 
lowing month, hiilan di liadapan, 
hulan daianj. 

Folly (fol'li), s. khodoJian. 

Foment (fo-menf), v. t. (dry) 
tvam; (wet) dmali;* (instigate) 
asut* vsot (B.). 

Fomentation (fo-men-ta'shwn), s. 
tuam, dDiali f (instigatioTi) a- 
sutan* usotan (B.). 

Fond (fond), adj. yaig suka, prya- 
yaigf (indulgent) yarg mrnanja- 
kan, yarg mmhri muka. 

Fondle (fon'dl), v. t. hlai,* main- 
main sama (B.). 

Fondness (fond'nes), s. sayarg. 

Font (font), s. tuipat haptis (X.). 

Fontanel (fon'ta-nel'), s. ubun- 

Food (food), s. makanan, rjki 
(Ar. rizki), jerki (B.) ; (of prin- 
ces) santapati;*' (word used of 
one's own food in addressing prin- 
ces) ayapan ;* (exclusive of rice) 
laok; (all kinds of laok) laok- 
paok."^ Plain food, makanan 'alct 
kadar (x\r.). 

Fool (fool), s. oraiy bodoh, ovary 
kurarg 'akal, orarg kpala argin. 
To play the fool, main gila. 

Fool, V. t. (deceive, cheat) tipu^ 
perdayakan* perkonunkan;*' 

(bilk) ponterg. 

Foolery (-er-i), s. khodohan, laku^ 
orarg gila, klakuan orarg gila. 

Foolhardy (-har'di), adj. brani 
gila-gila, mmhabi-buta,'^ mmbabi 
(B.), brani mati (B.). 

Foolish (-ish), adj. bodoli, bbah 

Foolishness (-nes), s. kbodohan. 

Foolscap (f55lz'kap), s. kerias 
bsar-tya 16 x 13 inchi, terUpat 
jadi 13 X 8 inclii. 

Foot (foot), s. kaki, also as mea- 
sure of length; (base, pedestal) 
kaki, lapek.* The foot of a hill, 
kaki biikit. 

Football (foot'bawl), s. (the Malay 
ball) buah sepak-raga; (the game)* 
sepak-raga. To play Maiay foot- 
ball, bersepak-raga. The Euro- 
pean ball, bela sepak, futbol (E.). 

Footbridge (-brij), s. titian,* titi. 

Footed (-ed), adj. Four-footed,. 
berkaki ampat. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire;,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Foothold (-hold), s. tumpuan.* 
Footing (-iug), s. (ground for the 
foot) iuiiipuan,^ tmpat tumpu- 
an* tmpat herdiri (B.) ; (posi- 
tion, condition, rank) pargkat; 
(total of a column of figures) 
jmlah (Ar.). 

Footman (-man), s. ora/y gaji. 

Footmark (-mark), s. hkas tapak, 
bkas kal'i, Isan.'^ 

Foot-pad (-pad), s. pnjamon. 

Foot-path (-path), s. jalan kcliil, 
jalan kaki lima. 

Footprint (-print), s. hkas tapak, 
hkas kaki, ksanr 

Footsore (-sor), adj. sakit kaki. 

Footstep (-step), s. hkas kaki: (the 
sound) l)unji tapak; (mark, to- 
ken) tan da, hkas. 

Footstool (--sto5l), s. a/fls kaki, 
pnumpu kaki/^ pnojarg.^ 

Fop (fop), s. psolek,^ prgadon.'^'^ 

Foppish (-pish), adj. psolek/^ her- 
solek (B.), segak.^ 

For (for), prep, (because of) kerna, 
shot; (indicating aim or purpose) 
hagi,* aka^i* huat (X.I.) ; (in- 
stead of) ganti: (during) s-pan- 
jaiy. For all that, surggoh pun 
dmkian,^ surggoh pun hgitu. 
For all the world, s-mata-mata. 
For ever, s-lama-lama-iya. For 
good, kkal. 

For, conj. kerna, shah, sdaig. 

Forage (for'ej), s. makanan hagi 
hinataig, wakanaii hinataig (B.). 

Forage, v. i. cliari hkal,"^ cliari ma- 
kanan, rampas makanan. 

Forasmuch (for-az-much'), conj. 
sdarg, sdargkan.* 

Foray (for'a), s. prgra7gan.* 

Forbear (for-bar'), v. i. (pause, 
delay) tatggoh; (refuse, decline) 
'rggan;"^ (control one's self) ta- 
lian, sahar. 

Forbear, v. t. (avoid, abstain from) 
pantaTgkan, herlinti deri-pada. 

Forbearance (-ans), s. panjaty 
hail, sahar. 

Forbid (for-bid'), v. t. (prohibit) 
lararg, larargkan; (hinder, pre- 
vent) igahkan; (in religious 
things) haramkan. God forbid, 
di-jauli kan A I lali . 

Forbidden (-dn), adj. pantarg, p- 
malir haram (Ar. iiarani). 

Forbidding (-ding), adj. (repul- 
sive) odoh.^' 

Force (tors), s. (strength) kuasa, 
kkiiatan, gagah : (compulsion, 
coercion) paksa, kras. 

Force, v. t. (compel) paksa, krasi;* 
(do violence to) gagahi.* To 
force back, undorkan. To force 
open from the inside, ttas. To 
force in from outside, landa* To 
force down by the hair, sugun.* 
To force food on a child, tamukan 
makanan k-pada hudak.^ 

Forceps (for'seps), s. atgkup,* 

Forcible (f5r'si-bl), adj. (power- 
ful) kuai, gagah; (using force) 
drgan kras, drgan paksa. 

Ford (ford), s. arorg-arorganf^ 

Ford, V. t. arorg."^ 

Fordable (-a-bl), adj. holeh di- 

Fore (for), adj. (in time) dhulu; 
(in place) di hadapan, dpan; 
(Xaut.) di haluan. 

Forearm (for'arm), s. hujorg Irgan, 

Forearm (for-arm'), v. t. Irgkap- 
kan terdhulu.'-^ 

Forebode (for-bod'), v. t. (fore- 
tell) lyatakan terdliulu. It fore- 
bodes evil, 'alamat chlaka datarg, 
pdali-iya ta'haik;* see foretell. 

Foreboding (-ing), s. (anxious ex- 
pectation) khuatir, khimhargan. 

Forecast (for'cast), v. t. (plan be- 
forehand) fikirkan dhulu, hichara- 
kan dhulu, upayakan dhulu, un^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?<s. cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, bow, oil; thin then. 




tiiy-uniity;* (calculate before- 
hand) (urjgarkan. 

Forecast, s. hichara^ timhargan, 

Forecastle (fok'sl), s. (Xaut.) 
tiigkat di lialnan; (where sailors 
live) lol'or (E. locker). 

Foreclose (for-kloz'), v. t. putus- 
kan, herhntikan. 

Foreclosure (-klo'zhur), s. kputus- 

Foredoom (for-doom'), v. t. intu- 
kan ierdhulu,, takdirkan (Ar.). 

Forefather (for'fa-//ier), s. nenek- 

Forefend (for-fend'), v. t. (hin- 
der) tgahkan; (prevent approach) 
jaulikan; (prevent) tahankan. 

Forefinger (for'fing'ger), s. jari 

Forefront (for'frunf), s. tmpai 
yarg di hadapan. 

Forego (f5r-go'), v. t. (leave) tiig' 
galkan; (renounce) sa^ykalkan; 
(precede) dhului. 

Foregone (for'gon'), adj. A fore- 
gone conclusion, perkara yarg tntu 
terdhulu, yarg sudah tntu. 

Foreground (for'grownd), s. tmpat 
yarg dkat. 

Forehatch (for'hach'), s. (:N"aut.)_ 
ptrana lawargan (W.), palkah di 
h almin. 

Forehead (for'ed), s. dalii. 

Foreign (for'en), adj. (outside, 
alien) luar, asitg;* (not native) 
dagarg, hlati'^'' (Hind. iviJdyati) ; 
(strange) gharib (Ar.) ; (not con- 
nected with) ta' s-iuju. A for- 
eign country, negri orarg. For- 
eign secretary, datok liiar. 

Foreigner (-er), s. oraig luar, 
orarg asirg/^ oraig dagarg, dagarg- 

Foreknow (for-no'), v. t. tahu 

Foreknowledge (for-nol'ej), s. 
prgtaliuan dhtdu. 

Forelock (fdr'lok), s. jambul. 

Foreman (for'man), s. mandor^ 
iandil/'' kpala. 

Foremast (for'mast), (Naut.) 
iiatg toparg, irirgket dol (L.). 

Foremost (lor'most), adj. (ia 
time) terdhulu; (in place) yarg 
di hadapan; (in rank) teruta/na,* 

Forenoon (for'ndon'), s. pagi, pagv 

Forensic (for-en'sik), adj. deri-haV 
bichara, deri-hal mahkaniah (Ar.).. 

Foreordain (for-or-dan'), v. t. tak^ 
dirkan (Ar.). 

Forepart (for'part), s. (in time) 
permula'an; (in place) haluan,^ 

Forerunner (for'run-ner), s. pry^ 

Foresail (for'sl), s. (Xaut.) layer 

Foresee (f5r-se'), v. t. tahu dhuhu 

Foreshadow (f5r-shad'o), v. t. tan- 
dakan dhulu, ryatakan dhulu. 

Foreshorten (-short'n), v. t. pen- 
dekkan bila tulis gambar. 

Foresight (for'sit), s. (foreknow- 
ledge) prgtaliuan dhulu; (fore- 
thought) irgatan akan hari km- 
dian, hal mmbicharakan dhulu; 
(of a gun) 7uata bdil, pdoman,"^ 

Foreskin (for'skin), s. kulop.* 

Forest (for'est), s. rimba, hutan. 

Forestall (for-stawl'), y. t. (anti- 
cipate) dhului; (hinder) taharw 

Forestay (for'sta), e. (Naut.) tali 
ptgarggok, suai, trirgket suai. 

Foretaste (for'tast), s. pndhulu^ 
an,* hal mrasa dhulu. 

Foretell (for-tel'), v. t. ryatakan, 
dhulu, bri tahu dhulu, tlah.* 

Forethought (f5r-tliawt), s. pri 
mmikirkan dhulu, hal mrgupaya- 
kan* dhulu, irgat Ibeh dhtdu 
(B.) ; (prudent care) jimat. 

ftte, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Foretoken (for-t5'kn), v. t. *ala- 

matkan dhvlu (Ar.), tandakan 

Foretopmast (for-top'mast), s. 

(Naut.) frirgket gawe dol (L.). 
Forewarn (for-worn'), v. t. laraig- 

kan dhulu, irgatkan dhidu, na- 

sihatkan dhidu* 
Forfeit (for'fit), v. t. (lose or lose 

the right to) liilaig, lunch or;* (be 

deprived of) kna ram pas. 
Forfeit, s. dnda. 

Forfeiture (for'fi-chiir), s. dnda. 
Forge (forj), v. t. (beat) tmpa,* 

titek ; (counterfeit) lanchorgkan* 

palsukan. To forge ahead 

(Naut.) lajak. 
Forge, s. dapur iukaig hsi 
Forged (forjd), adj. lanchoig,* 

shirgkatg* palsu (Port). 
Forger (forj'er), s. pJanchoiy* p- 

niru tan da iaigan.* 
Forgery (-er-i), s. pniruan* plan- 

Forget (for-gef), V. t. (lose remem- 
brance) lupa; (neglect) lalailcan,'* 

huat indah taindah (B.). 
Forgetful (-fool), adj. plupa^ 

alpa (Sk.), suka lupa (B.). 
Forgetfulness (-nes), s. lupa-lupa*- 

an; (temporary) lupa-lupa irgat, 

irgat-irgat lupa. 
Forging (forj'ing), s. tmpa'an.* 
Forgive (for-giv'), v. t. ampuni* 

ampunkan, mahapkan (Ar. ma*- 


Forgiveness (-nes), s. ampun, k'- 
ampnnan, mahap (Ar. ina'af). 

Fork (fork), s. (for eating) garfu 
(Port.), srampanj; (of branches) 
chabarg ; (forked stick for catch- 
ing mid animals, etc.) charggah;* 
(between the limbs) kargkarg, 
chlah kargkarg, klargkarg, krarg- 
karg* krampatg* pukatg;"^ (of a 
road) sempayg. 

Fork, V. i. berchabarg; (of roads) 

Forked (forkt), adj. berchabarg. 
Forked lightning, kilat saboig- 

Forlorn (for-lorn'), adj. (deserted) 
ktlrggalan, tertirggal; (wretched) 
dalam ksusahan, dalam ksukar- 
an* A forlorn hope, perkara 
yarg berbahya dan hampir putns 
harap, perkara yarg ta'guna harap 
lagi (B.). 

Form (form), s. (shape) rupa, 
tokoli, si pat* (Ar. si/aY), 6a- 
tgun;* (bodily substance) Im- 
baga;* (ceremony) peraturan; 
(mould) achuan; (pattern) tu^ 
ladan, chontoh : (bench) bargku. 

Form, Y. t. (give shape) rupakan,. 
tokoh; (construct) jadikan, buat, 
reka;*' (arrange, adjust) aturkan; 
(constitute) jadi. 

Formal (-al), adj. (orderly) bper^ 
aturan; (ceremonies) ber'adat* 
kvat ikut 'adat (B.) ; (outward, 
lacking realitv) pada lahir* (Ar. 

Formalism (-izm), s. kuat migikut 
peraturan, kuat ikut 'adat (B.). 

Formality (for-mal'i-ti), s. per- 

Formation (-ma'shiin), s. (act of 
shaping) pri mrupakan; (con- 
struction) k'ada'an, rupa, reka'- 
an;* (of troops) ikat prarg. 

Formative (fonn'a-tiv), adj. yarg 
migadakan* yaig mn jadikan. 

Former (-er), adj. dhulu, terdhulu, 
lama, yaiy mula-mida, yarg sudah- 

Formerly (-li), adv. dhidn, dhulu 
kala, pad-a zaman dhulu, itu Tiari, 
jman dhulu (B.). 

Formication (for-mi-ka'shwn), s. 

Formidable (for'mi-da-bl), adj. 
yarg mmbri takot, yatg kasi takot 
(B.), yaig mnakoti,* yaiy mmbri 
dahshat (Ar.), hebat (Ar. hat- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Formula (for'mu-la), s. (set form) 

peraiuran; (rule, prescription) 

ptua^ (Ar. fatwa), sharat (Ar.) ; 

(in magic) mantra,* jampi. 
formulate (-lat), v. t. aturhan, 

sharail-an (Ar.). 
•Fornication (for-ni-ka'shim), s. 

persundalan, percliaholan,'^ zina 

/Forsake (for-sak'), t. t. (abandon) 

iiirjgaR'an; (renounce) satykal- 

"Forsooth (for-sooth'), adv. s-surg- 

Forswear (for-swar'), v. t. saiylcal 

dtyan sumpah. To forswear one's 

self, makan sumpah. 
•Fort (fort), s. kota, kiibu, henterg 

Forth (forth), adv. (out) k-luar; 

(onward) k-liadapan. And so 

forth, dan s-hayai-nja. Back and 

forth, pergi haJek, ulaiy-aliry* . 

From this time forth, mula'i deri- 

pada masa ini, deri ini jam (B.). 
Forthcoming (-kum'ing), adj. 

(ready) sdia; (appearing) klihat- 

an, tampak* nampak. 
Forthwith (-wi^/i'), adv. sgra, s- 

Iniar itu juga, serta-merta. 
Fortieth (for'ti-eth), adv. yarg k'- 

ampat puloli. 
Fortification (for-ti-fi-ka'shzm), s. 

(act of fortifying) pri miyota'i* 

lial kotakan (B.) ; (fort) kota, 

kiihu, hentety (N".!.). 
Fortify (for'ti-fi), v. t. tgolil-an, 

kuatkan, kota'i* kotakan (B.). 
Fortitude (-tud), s. tgoh liati, k- 

tgohan, kttapan, chkal liati. 
Fortnight (fort'nit), s. dua jma'at, 

dua mhygo, ampat-hlas Jiari, 

tgoh an, kttapan, chkal hatL* 
Fortnightly (fort-nit'li), adj. tiap- 

t'lap dua jma'at, dua mitygo s-kali. 
Fortress (for'tres), s. kota. 
Fortuitous (for-tu'i-t?/s), adj. yaiy 

tiha-tiha'^ jadi, yary jadi dtyan 
tiada saryka. 

Fortunate (for'chu-net), adj. her- 
bhagia (Sk.), hertuah, heruntoty, 

Fortune (for'chun), s. (chance, ac- 
cident, fate) nasih, untorg; (suc- 
cess, ha-i^py exQut) ma j or,* kmujor- 
an,* nntorg haik, hhagia (Sk.) ; 
(wealth) kkayaan. To tempt 
fortune, lawa nasih. 

Fortune-teller (-tel-ler), s. p- 
tnoiy,* pnilek, tukaig tilek, tukarg 
teryok iintoiy (B.). 

Forty (for'ti), adj. ampat-puloh. 

Forum (fdr'-wm), s. pasar di neyri 
Rome; (court) majlis hichara, 
kot (E.). 

Forward (for'werd), adj. (in ad- 
vance) di hadapan: (ready, 
prompt) pantos; (bold) hrani; 
(of women) chandi;* (before the 
time) dhulu deri-pada masa-rya. 

Forward, v. t. (accelerate) Ikaskan, 
sgrakan, haiyatkan;* (help on- 
ward) majukan;* (transmit) ki- 
rwi, hantarkan. 

Forwardness (-nes), s. (eager- 
ness) kpantasan; (boldness) k- 
hranian, chandi, as above. 

Fossil (fos'sil), adj. yaiy tlah mm^ 
hatu,* yaiy sudah mnjadi hatu 

Fossil, s. haraiy yaiy sudah berohah 
mnjadi batu. 

Fossilize (-iz), v. t. mmbatu; (be- 
come rigid) jadi kaku. 

Foster (fos'ter), v. t. (nourish) 
bla,* plihara, didek;* (at the 
breast) teteki;* (promote, encour- 
age) majukan* 

Foster-brother (-brui{///er), s. sau- 
dara sysuan. 

Foster-child (-child), s. anak susu- 

Foster-mother (-mu^/i'er), s. male 
susu, mak tetek. 

Foul (fowl), adj. (filthy) chmar* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, avvfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




hotor; (polluted) najis;. (of lan- 
guage) charut; (of smell) husolc, 
hanchirg, hanjir, hacliin* baryar,"^' 
ha mis, harity/^ hapak, see fetid; 
(of wind) (]N"aut.) sakal; (en- 
tangled) husut, iersanykot; (un- 
fair, of games) cliuraiy, piyelat. 

Foul, V. t. najisl'cm, chmarlcan,'^ 
sarykotkan, as above ; (collide 
with) laryyar; (in games) elat/^ 
pryeJat (B.). 

FouJ, s. (in games) elat* pryelat 

Foul-mouthed (-mowtht), adj. 
pncliarut, mulut mmpus* 

Found (fownd), v. t. (cast) tuary; 
(establish, fix firmly) tyolikan, 
ttaplan; (lay foundation) huboh 
alas, alaskan: (begin, originate) 
dirikan, adakan. 

Foundation (fown-da'shwn), s. 
(act of founding) hal mntapkan, 
hal mndirikan, hal mryadakan; 
(groundwork, basis) alas, kaki 
temhok; (endowment) wakaf 
(Ar.). Without foundation, tiada 
hersbab, sia-sia. 

Founder (fownd'er), s. (of metals) 
pnua7y,^ tukarg tuary; (one who 
lays foundations) piyalas, yary 
mmbuboh alas, yary mnjadakan. 

Founder, v. i. karam, tryylam. 

Foundling (-ling), s. anak puryiit, 
anak buaryan.'*^ 

Foundry (-ri), s. impai tuary, tm- 
pat tuary bsi, pnua'tyan,* plburan.'^ 

Fount (fownt), s. (fountain) mafa 

Fountain (fowntVn), s. (natural) 
mata ayer; (artificial) panchiiran 
ayer; (source) poll on,* asal. 
Fountain pen, kalani* berisi tinta. 

Fountain-head (-hed), s. asal, 
pohon,* mula. 

Four (for), adj. anipat. On all 
fours, berjermang,'^ mrarykak. 

Four-cornerd (-korn'erd), adj. 
ampat persyi, am pat bersyi (B.). 

Fourfold (for'fold), adj. ampat 
kali yanda,"^^ ampat lipat (B.). 

Fourfooted (for-foot'ed), adj. ber^ 
kaki ampat. 

Four-in-hand (for'-in-hand'), s.. 
and adj. kuda dua pasaty. 

Fourscore (for'skor'), adj. dlapan 
puloh, lapan pulok. 

Foursquare (for'skw^ar'), adj. am- 
pat persyi, ampat bersyi (B.). 

Fourteen (for'ten), adj. am pat- 

Fourteenth (for'tenth), adj. yary 

Fourth (forth), adj. yaiy k'ampat,. 
nombor ampat (B.). 

Fourth, s. suku, perampat.'^ 

Four-wheeled (for-wheld), adj.. 
berroda ampat. 

Fowl (fowl), s. (birds in general) 
buronj, orygas;* (domestic) ayam.. 

Fowler (-er), s. pmikat.* 

Fowling-piece (fowl'ing-pes), s. 
suapary tembak burory. 

Fox (foks), s. rubah (Pers.), gener- 
ally supposed to resemble the mu- 

Foxy (-i), adj. (wily) clierdek, 
'akal plandok, panjary 'akal; (red- 
dish-brown in colour) perary;. 
(of smell) bail musary. 

Fracas (fra-ka'), s. yadoli, liiir'u- 
liar a.'-' 

Fraction (frak'shwn), s. (portion, 
fragment) bliayian, s-krat; (in 
arithmetic) pchahan. 

Fractious (-sh-ws), adj. rajok,'^ 
siika mrajok (B.), praryai jaliat; 
(of horses) chandi,"^ mrayam. 

Fracture (-chur), s. pchahan, pa- 
tahan, tmpat yary patah; (the 
act) hal nnnchah, hal mm at ah.. 
Compound fracture, patah-riok,* 
patah rmok.'^ 

Fracture, v. t. (break asunder) 
pchah; (of long objects) patah; 
(crack) rtak. 

ate, ask, am. final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^, 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Fragile (fraj'il or fraj'il), adj. 
(brittle) rapoh, rpas* rniajy;* 
(delicate in health) hnah. 

-Fragment (frag'm(?nt), s. pchahan, 
patahan, s-brat, s-potoiy, s-chbis* 
s-choteh;* (of food) sisa; (of 
cloth or things cut) reja. 

tFragrance (frfi'grans), s. harum* 

Fragrant (-grant), adj. wargi, 

Frail (fnll), adj. Imah, takuat. 

Frailty (-ti), s. klmahan, hsalahan. 

Frame (fram), v. t. (fit together) 
rapatkan; (plan, de\'ise) upaya- 
kan* reka.^' 

Frame, s. (skeleton, framework) 
ra7r/ka; (of windows and doors) 
pmidarg :* (bodily structure) Im- 
baga* baiyun, badan; (disposi- 
tion, mood) tinjkah; (of a pic- 
ture or spectacles) bifykai;* (for 
embroidery) pmidargan. 

Framework (fram'werk), s. raryka. 

France (frans), s. negri Fransis, 
negri Pranchis. 

Franchise (fran'chiz), s. (pri- 
vilege) izin, permisi (N.I.) ; 
(right to vote) kuasa mmbri 

Frangipanni (fran-ji-pan'ni), s. 
kmboja, bury a kmoja. 

Frank (frank), adj. (open) trtis- 
tranj; (candid) tiilxis, ekhlas* 
(Ar. ikhUs). 

Frank, v. t. (a letter) sguro* 

Frankincense (frank'in-gens), s. 
kmntyian, siarggi (Sk. astargga), 
d'upa (Sk.). 

Frantic (fran'tik), adj. gila, be- 

Frap (frap), v. t. (Naut.) pral 
(L.), hUt. 

Fraternal (fra-ter'nal), adj. ber- 

Fraternity (-ni-ti), s. persahabat- 
an perskutuan* 

Fraternize (frat'er-niz), v. i. her- 
skutu* bcrmhabat. 

Fratricide (frat'ri-sid), s. hat mm- 
bun oh saudara. 

Fraud (frawd), s. iipu-dmja, tipu. 

Fraudulent (frawd'u-l^nt), adj. 

Fraught (frawt), adj. pnoh diyan, 

Fray (fra), s. pcrklaMan, pergadoh- 

Fray, v. t. srabui* haus. 

Frayed (frad), adj. (of a rope, in 
the middle) rntan; (at the end) 
srabot, kmbatg; (of cloth, at the 
edge) berchtai-chtai.* 

Freak (frek), s. ragam, tirykah. 

Freckle (frek'kl), s. tahi-laiat, talk 
Mat (B.). 

Free (fre), adj. (not under res- 
traint) bebas; (liberated) Ipas; 
(from slavery) merdheka;* (la- 
vish) murah; (gratuitous) per- 
ckuma, chuma-chuma; (unob- 
structed) bolos* lawaj<. Free and 
easy, tngak* I pa.*? laku.* 

Free, v. t. bebaskun, Ipaskan, mer- 
dhekakan* as above; also (re- 
deem) tbus. 

Freebooter (fre'boot-er), s. piya- 
mon; (at sea) prompak, lanun.* 

Freedman (fred'man), s. orarg 
merdheka,* ovary tbumn. 

Freedom (fre'du^m), s. khebasan, 
klpasan, merdheka;* see free. 

Freehold (-hold), s. yran mati 
(E. grant). 

Freely (-li), adv. see free. 

Freemason's hall (fre-ma'sitnz 
hawl), s. rumali hantu. 

Freewill (fre'wil'), s. kahandah 
yarg beba,<, akhiiar sndiri* (Ar. 

Freeze (frez), v. i. herbku* mn- 
jadi ayer batu (B.). 

Freeze, v. t. bkukan* mnjadikan 
ayer batu (B.). 

Freight (frat), s. (load, cargo) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




muatan; (sum paid) tamharg, 

sewa muatan. 
French (french), adj. fransis, pran- 

Frenchman (-man), s. orarg Fran- 
si^, Pram man (X.I.), Pra>wian 
Frenzied (fren'zid), adj. gila, he- 

Frenzy (-zi), s. gila, heratg* 
Frequent (fre'kw^nt), adj. hrap, 

krap I'ali, srirg (N".!.). 
Frequent (fre-kwenf), v. t. nlarg,^ 

ulatgi* saba (Sk.), slaroh.* 
Frequently (-li), adv. hrap-hnp, 

stitia^sa* slalu. To use frequent- 
ly, llarhan* 
Fresh (fresh), adj. (new) hkaru; 

(vigorous) sgar, lam pat* (W.) ; 

(not dried or preserved) liidop; 

(not salt) tawar; (of wind) 

Freshen (fresh'n), v. t. (make less 

salt) taivarkan. 
Freshen, v. i. (of wind) kncliarg. 
Freshet (-et), s. oyer hah. 
Freshman (-man), s. miirid yarg 

bharu masok skolah bsar. 
Fret (fret), v. t. (wear away) wa- 

kan, haus; (irritate) marahkan. 
Fret, V. i. (chafe) haus; (fray) 

firahut;* (be irritated) mmbakar 

iiati, lampas* niemek. 
Fretful (fret'foal), adj. Ikas marah, 

lampas,* memek, pnyus.* 
Fretwork (-werk), s. krawatg. 
Friable (frfa-bl), adj. rpas* rpid- 

rlai* ktai.* 
Friar (fri'er), s. oraig berkhalwat 

(Ar.), rahib (Ar.). 
Friction (frik'shwn), s. gosok, prg- 

gosoVan, sarggit;'* (massage) 

urutan, urut-urut; (disagi'ee- 

ment) perslisehan. 
Friday (frfda), s. hari jma'at, hari 

Friend (frend), s. kawan, sdhabat. 

taulan* handai, rakan* sobat 
(X.L) (B.). 
Friendless (frend'les), adj. tiada 

berkairan, ks'oraigan.* 
Friendly (-li), adj. bersahabat, her^ 
sobat (B.) ; (kind) berprgasehan,* 
tar oh ksian (B.). 
Friendship (-ship), s. persahabat- 

Frigate (frig'et), s. kapal prarg 

bertiaig tiga. 
Fright (frit), s. ktakotan, kkjotan, 

Frighten (frit'n), v.t. kjotkan, 
takotkan, bri takot, kasi takot 
(B.), bri dahshat (Ar.), kaget 
(X.I.), gertak. 
Frightened (-nd), adj. terkjot, ter- 

pranjat, chmas* srek. 
Frightful (-fool), adj. hebat (Ar. 
halbat), dahshat (Ar.), adamat 
(Ar. 'atlmat). 
Frigid (frij'id), adj. sjok, dirgin;* 

(of manner) kras, tgar.* 
Frill (fril). s. ropol '(E. ruffle). 
Fringe (frinj), s. rambu-rambu, 
rumbai-rumbai* nbor-uhor, g^un- 
jai* iram-iram;* (of hair on the 
forehead) andam; (edge, border) 
Fringe, v. t. buboh ramhu-rambu, 

etc., as above. 
Frippery (frip'er-i), s. pakaian 

yarg chan tek-chatitek. 
Frisk (frisk), v. i. lompat-lompat, 
loncliat-lonchat, linjak-linjak* 
Frisky (-i), adj. terhijak-lnjah* 

ferlo njak-lonjak.* 
Frith (frith), s. tlok. 
Fritter (frit'ter), s. dad<ir.* Ba- 
nana fritters, pisarg gorirg, rn^ 
darg* pisarg. 
Fritter, v.t. (cut in pieces) c7in- 
charg. To fritter away (waste), 
habiskan, boroskan. 
Frivolity (fri-vori-ti), s. klakuan 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Frivolous (friv'o-l?/s), adj. (of no 

importance) retyan; (silly, ^iven 

to trifling) sia'sia* 
Frizz (friz), v. t. hritirg, ppualiJ^ 
Frizzled (friz'zld), adj. hitirg, 

Fro (fro), adv. To and fro, pergi- 

halek, nlary-aUry* ularg-alek* 

Frock (frok), s. pahaian prempiian 

dan hudak'hiidah Eropah. 
Frog (frog), s. katak, kodoh (j^.I.). 

(B.). Bull frog, katak Morg, 

katak hntorg, kodoh htorg (B.). 
Frolic (froFik), s. suka-ria* 
Frolic, V. i. ber main-main, bersuka- 

ria;* see frisk. 
Frolicsome (sum), adj. ydty suka 

bermain, suka main-main (B.). 
From (from), prep, (places) deri; 

(persons, things) deri-pada; (be- 
cause of) oleh* sbab. From 

house to house, masok rumah 

kluar rumah. 
Frond (frond), s. (of ferns) daun 

paku-paku; (of palms) plpah. 
Front (frunt), s. (fore part) muka, 

hadapan; (of a ship) halvan. In 

front of, di hadapan, bertntargan 

drgan, mnntaiy, mrghadap. 
Front, adj. di hadapan, dpan, di 

miika. Front teeth, gigi sri* 

gigi dpan (B.). 
Front, V. t. hadap, tntaiy. 
Frontage (frunt'ej), s. (front 

part) muka; (extent of front) 

Frontier (fron'ter), s. smpadan, 

pcrhirgga'an,'^' prerggan,* batasan, 

kawasan,* ivatas (N.I.). 
Fronting (frunt'ing), prep, di 

hadapan, tntarg. 
Frontispiece (frun'tis-pes), s. 

gambar yary pertama dalam buku. 
Frontlet (frunt'let), s. jamarg,* 

ptam,* tparam;* (of elephants) 


Frost (frawst or frost), s. hal mw^ 
bku."^ Hoar frost, 'mbun bku/' 
Frosted glass, kacha kusam* 

Frost-bitten (frawst'bit-tn), adj.. 
kaku sbab sjok. 

Froth (frawth or froth), s. buehy. 
busa (B.). 

Froth, V. i. berbueh, berbusa (B.),. 
map,* mruap (B.). 

Frothy (-i), adj. berbueh, berbusa. 

Fro ward (fro'werd), adj. (disobe- 
dient) derhaka; (perverse) kras 
kpala, tgar* 

Frown (frown), v. i. krut, krniyit,* 
bersut,* bsu (B.). 

Frozen (fro'zn), adj. bku,* mnjadC 
ayer batu (B.). 

Frugal (froo'gd), adj. chermat^ 
jimat, hemat (Ar. himmat). 

Frugality (fr56-gari-ti), s. cher^ 

Fruit (froot), s. buah; (produce) 
ha^il; (various fruits) buah-buah-- 
an. Fruit bat, Icllawar. Fruit 
fly, bari-bari,* krok.* Fruit tree^ 
pokok buah. 

Fruitage (fr65t'ej), s. buah-buah- 
an, hasil. 

Fruitful (-fool), adj. (of animals) 
biak; (of soil) gmokj (of plants) 
berbuah ban/ak. 

Fruition (froo-ish'im), s. laba.* 

Fruitless (froot'les), adj. (barren) 
tiada berbuah,ma7idul;* (vain, un- 
profitable) sia-sia,* perchuma, se~ 
man, tiada berfa'idah, ta'guna. 

Frustrate (frus'trat), v. t. bantut* 
kan, batalkan, sia-siakan,* tiada^ 

Fry (fri), s. anak ikan. Small fry, 
bnrarg yary sia-sia,* orarg yary 
tiada di-indahkan. 

Fry, V. t. (in fat) rndary;* (with 
or without fat) gorirg. 

Fryingpan (fri'ing-pan), s. huali. 

Fuddle (fud'dl), v. t. mabokkan. 

Fuddled, adj. mabok. 

Fudge (fuj), s. tahi argin, karut. 

fete, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) j. law, how, oil; thin then. 




-Fudge, V. t. huat-huat, adal-an, pal- 
sukan (Port.). 

Fuel (fu'el), s. hfiol api; (of wood) 
I'ai/u api. 

■Fugitive (f u'ji-tiv) , adj. (escap- 
ing) ijarg lari, plari;* (not dur- 
able) tiada ttap, yarg hilaiy. 

Fugitive, s. oraiy plari,^ orarg yarg 
lari (B.). 

.Fulcrum (furkrmn), s. landasanf^ 
alas pnuilJ^ 

.Fulfil (fool-fir), Y. t. (carry into 
effect) sampaikan, smpurnakan; 
(complete) hatiskan, gnapkan. 
To fulfil a TOW, hayer niat. 

Fulfilment (-ment), s. lial miyani' 
paikan, etc., as above. 

Full (fool), adj. (filled up) pnoli. 
tiimpat;^ (of numbers) gnap; 
(sufficient) chiikop; (of time) 
suntokf^ (sated) knryarg, puas; 
(of load or burden) sarat; (to 
overflowing) tpu* ahoirj,'^ tpas; 
(bulging) kpoh:* (of the moon) 
pernama.* A full year, s-tahun 
tut op, s-tahun suntok* htul s- 
taliun (B.). A full month, .<?- 
hulan suntok* htul s-hulan. Full 
dress, pakaian khsaran. Full to 
the brim, tpu."^ Crammed full, 
pnoh trak.* 

Full-blooded (fool-blud'ed), adj. 
totok'' (Jav.). 

Full-blown (-blon), adj. (of flow- 
ers) kintarg; (perfected) sm- 

Full-dress (-dres), s. pakaian k- 
hmran, pakaian hykap. 

Full-grown (-gron), adj. cliukop 
hsar, cliukop 'umor. 

Fully (-li), adv. (entirely) s-mata- 
inata* drgan s-chukop-iya, drgan 

fulminate (ful'mi-nat), v.i. (make 
a loud noise) berguroh; (explode) 
Itop* mltop (B.). 

Fulsome (fool'si/m), adj. terlalu 
haryak, yarg mnjmukan. 

Fumble (fum'bl), v.i. raba, rapai* 
grapai,^ krahel\'^ 

Fume (I'iim), s. (vapour) wap, lia- 
tca: (smoke) asap, rabun;* (rage) 

Fume, V. i. (smoke) berasap; (rage 
with anger) beraiy* naik gm- 
bera,* naik mradarg. 

Fumigate (fu'mi-gat), v. t. asap- 
kan ; (medicinally) rabunkan.* 

Fumigation (-ga'sh?/n), s. rabun* 

Fun (fun), s. main-main, snda- 
gurau* To make fun of, per- 
mainkan,* usek. In fun, main- 

Function (fungk'&h?ai), s. (per- 
formance of duty or office) kerja, 
jawatan;* (appropriate action) 

Fund (fund), s. (stock, capital) 
modal, pokok. 

Fundament (fun'da-ment), s. 
pmygoiy, pantat, potygorg (B.). 

Fundamental (-men'tal), adj. asah 

Fundamentally (-li), adv. pada 
pargkal-iya, pada asal-rya. 

Funeral (fu'ner-al), s. perkubur- 
an. Funeral prayers, talkin 
(Ar.). Funeral procession, per- 
arakan mayat, berarak orarg mati 
(B.), atgkatan jnazah (Ar.). 

Funereal (fu-ner'i-G-l), adj. (mourn- 
ful) berduka-cliita* perchinta'anj 
susah haii (B.). 

Fungus (fung'gi/s), s. kulat,* cJin- 
da wan, lumut. 

Funk (fungk), s. bacJiol.* 

Funk, V. i. srek. 

Funnel (fun'nl), s. (chimney) cJio- 
rorg, sromborg,* somprorg (B.), 
smproiy (X.I.), ponel (E.) ; (for 
filling bottles) klonsory.* 

Funny (-ni), adj. pnernaiua,* prg- 
gli liati,* yarg glikan hati (B.) ; 
(peculiar) plek.* 

Fur (fer), s. k^dit berbulu. 

Furbish (fer'bish), v. t. upam,* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Furious (fur'i-?/s), adj. (with an- 
ger) mradanj, heraiy;* (stormy) 

Furl (ferl), v. t. guloiy. 

Furlough (fer'lo), s. cJiuti. 

Furnace (fer'nas), s. dapur, tanur 
(Ar.) ; (for smelting) rlau.^ 

Furnish (fer'nish), v. t. (provide) 
hgkapkmi* sdiakan; (adorn) hia- 
si* riasTcan (B.) ; (with pro- 
visions) hkalkan. 

Furniture (fer'ni-chur), s. (equip- 
ment) khgkapanj* (of a house) 
serba-rimiah* perkakas rumah, 

Furore (fii-r5r'), s. gmhera.* 

Furrow (fur'ro), s. (in earth) 
alur, galur:* (wrinkle) krut, 
kdut, ktakf^' glmhor, krutu* 

Furry (fer'ri), adj. herhulu. 

Further (fev'theT), adj. (more re- 
mote) Iheh jauh; (additional) 
Iheh, laqi, lain. Nothing further, 
lain iidak. 

Further, v. t. (assist) hantu; (pro- 
mote) 7naji( kan . * 

Furtherance (-«ns), s. kmajnan* 

Furthermore (-mor), conj. tarn- 
hahan pula, dan lagi, lagi pun, s- 
hagai lagi* 

Furthest (fer7/iest), adj. yatg ter- 
Iheh jauli, yarg jauh skali. 

Furtive (fer'tiv), adj. mnchuri- 

Fury (ffir'i), s. gmhera* heraig/^ 
marah hsar (B.). 

Fuse (inz), v. i. Ibur, hanclior. 

Fuse, 8. tunam,'^ sumhu, murarg 

Fusible (fuz'i-bl), adj. yarg dapat 
Ibur* yarg holeh Ihur. 

Fusion (fu'zhwn), s. (act of melt- 
ing) pri mlhur, klhuran; (union, 
blending) champuran. 

Fusilade (fu-zil-lad'), s. pri in- 
nembak s-rmpak* 

Fuss (fus), s. chrewet (N.I.) (B.). 
Fussy (fus'si), adj. chrewet. 
Fustian (fus'chan), s. kain bludu 

Fusty (fust'i), adj. berbau lapok^ 

trgek, bau mlapok (B.). 
Futile (fu'tll), adj. sia-sia* tiada 

berfa'idah, ia'guna. 
Futility (fu-til'i-ti), s. sin-sia.'^ 
Future (fu'chur), adj. yarg akan 

datarg, datarg, yarg mndatarg, 

blakajg. In future, blakarg-kali 

(X.I.). The future life, hari 

kmdian, akhirat (Ar.). 
Future, s. zaman datarg, hari km^ 

dian, hari yanj mn datarg. 


Gab (gab), s. To have the gift of 

the gab, pitah lidah, bletir,* jadi 

tukarg mletir (B.). 
Gabble (gab'bl), v. i. grichau,^ 

repek, petes* mryeiyer (B.). 
Gable (ga'bl), s. tiha-layer. 
Gabriel (ga'bri-el), s. Jihra'il 

Gad (gad), v. i. kmbara;* (run 

wild) jalarg, kincharg-kinchaig *" 

Gadfly (gad'fli), s. pikat* 
Gaff (gaf), s. (fish spear) sram- 

parg;^ (Naut.) bom atas, gaf el 

(D.), gap (E.), andaig-andaiy 

Gag (gag), V. i. jlwik. 
Gag, V. t. smpalkan, sumbatkan mil- 

Gage (gaj), s. (pledge) chagaran* 

chagak'an (B.) ; (challenge) adu-- 

Gaiety (ga'et-i), s. suka-ria,* suka- 

Gaily (ga'li), adv. digan suka- 

chita* drgan suka-suka (B.). 
Gain (gan), v.-t. (get, obtain) her- 

oleh* bermitoig, hasil, berlaha* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, fSrry; ico, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




beroleh Jaba;* (be victorious) 
mnaig; (reach, attain) dapat. 
To gain a person's alfections, mry- 
(imbil hnti oranj. 

Gain, s. untoiy, fa'idah, laba* kla- 

■Gainings (gan'ingz), s. untorg, 
laba,'^ pndapatan. 

Gainsay (gan-sa'), v. t. bantahiJ^ 

'Gait (gat), s. jalan, gaya. 

Gaiter (gat'er), s. lapek bti<i* 

Gala (ga'la), s. t?na>sa (Sk. tama- 

Galanga (ga-lang'ga), s. Irghuas. 

Galaxy (garaks-i), s. (the Milky 
Way) bima-sakti (Sk.) ; (assem- 
blage) perkimponan yatg mnlia. 

Gale (gal), s. rihot, tofan (Ar. 

Galena (ga-le'na), s. batu bijeh. 

Galilee (gal'i-le), s. negri Oalil 

Gall (gawl), s. hmpdu. Gall blad- 
der, pundi-pundi* hmpdu. 

Gall, V. t. (chafe) lechetl-an; (vex, 
annoy) iisek; (harass) hacliau, 

Gallant (gal'lant), adj. (splendid) 
nuiJia, apas;'* (courageous) brani, 
perkasa (Sk.). 

Gallant (gal-lanf), adj. berbhasa. 

Gallantry (gal'lant-ri), s. perkasa 
(Sk.), brani, budi-bliasa. 

Galleon (gal'le-iin), s. galiorg 
(D. gaJjoen). 

<jallery (gal'ler-i), s. (corridor) 
.y/a.sw;* (in mines) grorggatgj* 
(on brackets or columns) bratida 
( 1 *ort. ) , perarginan,* pran ch ah.'* 

Galley (gal'li), s. (ancient war ves- 
sel) ghali (B.galei) ; (ship's boat) 
bot (B.), skochi (D.) ; (native 
fcarge) pelaig;* (Xaut., kitchen) 
da pur. 

Galley worm (-werm), s. chachirg 

'Gallinule (-niil), s. ayain-agam. 

Oallipot (-pot), s. siiun* tlap.* 

Gallon (gRl'lun), s. sukatan Irg- 

gns = ^ gantarg. 
Gallop (garh/p), v. i. chorgklarg* 

berlari mndua.* 
Gallows (gal'loz), s. tmpat gantoiy- 

an, pergantonjan. Gallows bird, 

sisa pe rgantorgan . 
Galoshes (ga-losh'es), s. pi. kasut 

Gallstone (gawl'ston), s. batu-batu- 

an hmpdu. 
Gambier (gam'ber), s. gambir. 

Gambier estate, ladaig gambir, 

katgka gamhir (Ch. ?). 
Gamble (gfim'bl), v. i. bermam 

judi, berjudi. 
Gambler (-bier), s. pnj'udi* tahi 

judi. Gambling den, logok judi. 
Gambling (-bling), s. judi. 
Gamboge (gam-booj'), s. gtah ham- 
bo ja. 
Gambol (gam'bol), v. i. bertandak, 

lorn pat-lorn pat, terkinja-kinja.* 
Game (gam), s. (sport, play) per- 

mainan; (scheme, plan) 'akal; 

(animals ])ursued) perburuan.* 
Game, adj. (plucky) brani. 
Gamecock (gam'kok), s. ayam sa- 

Gamekeeper (-kep-er), s. gomhala. 

Gammon (grim'-mz/n), s. paha babi. 
Gander (gan'der), s. argsa jantan. 
Gang (gang), s. (group of labour- 
ers) kawanj^ pasokan. Gang-rob- 

l)er, pfyamon, cheig-piarg (B.) 

(Ch. cheig-piarg = liouse-break- 

Ganges (gan'jes), s. smgai Gargga. 

Gangrene (gang'gren), s. mati 

Gangway (-wa), s. (passage) ja- 
lan; (of planks) titian; (opening 
in bulwarks) pintii kaya.* 

Gaol (jal), s. pnjara, jel (B.). 
Gaol bird, oratg rantai. 

Gaoler (jal'er), s. pfiiuggu pnjara,* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; fodd, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




mata-mafa jel, wadar (E.), sipir 

(X.I.) (D. cipier) ; see warder. 
Gap (gap), s. chlah* chlah (B.), 

rawaty* lompaiy/^ prohotrj* 
Gape (gap), v. i. (of the mouth) 

tyarga, margau* urgkapf ch- 

hgapj* (of wounds) habaiy,"^ Ice- 

hakj'^ (wide open) rrggarg, pla- 

hary;* (yawn) kuap/^ miyuap. 
Garb (garb), s. pakaian. 
Garbage (gar'bej), s. sampali, ham- 
Garble (gar'bl), v. t. (mutilate) 

rosakkan, kachau. 
Garden (gar'dn), s. (plantation) 

khun; (ornamental) tamanf^ 

khun hurga (B.). 
Garden, v. i. herkbun. 
Gardener (-er), s. tukary khun. 
Gardenia (gar-de'ni-a), s. buvga 

susu, huiya China. 
Garfish (gar'fish), s. ikan puput. 
Gargle (gar'gl), v. t. herkumor- 

Gargle, s. ohat kumor. 
Gargoyle (gar'goil), s. patory pan- 

chut an ayer. 
Garish (gfir'ish), adj. yilarg- 

ymiJaty* herkilat; (of colours) 

chindai* yaraiy (B.). 
Garland (gar'land), s. kararyan 

hniya, kararyan daun. 
Garlic (-lik), s. iaivary puteh, la- 

ivanj China. 
Garment (-ment), s. pakaian, kain- 

haju; (a single garment) kain s- 

lai (or S'hlai), haju s-lai, etc. 

Long outer garment, juhah (Ar.). 

Long garment worn under the 

juhah, gamis'^^ (Ar. qamis), haju 

Garner (-ner), v. t. kumpolkan, 

iaroh, simpan dalam gdorg. 
Garnet (-net), s. yakut merah 

(Ar. yaqiit). 
Garnish (-nish), v. t. (adorn) 

hiasi,* riaskan (B.) ; (furnish, 

supply) Irgkapkan.* 

Garret (gar'ret), s. para* atau 
hilek dkat atap. 

Garrison (gar'ri-sn), s. oraig ka- 
walau* kota. 

Garrison, v. t. hykapkan dtgan sol- 

Garrotte (gar-rof), v. t. kujut,'^' 

Garrulous (gar'ru-h/s), adj. hletir,. 
mletir (B.), chlupar,* chloteh.* 

Garter (gar'ter), s. gtah sarory 
kaki, gtah stoken (E.), karet kaus- 

Gas (gas) s. hawa, ivap, gas. Ga?- 
meter, nviter gas (E.), jam gas. 

Gaseous (gas'e-ws), adj. herwap. 

Gash (gash), v. t. klar. 

Gash, s. klar, rehak.* 

Gasket (oas'ket), s. (Xaut.) stop 

Gasoline (gas'o-len), s. minjak hen- 

Gasometer (gas-om'et-er), s. targki 
gas (E.). 

Gasp (gasp), v. i. rgap-iyap, iityap.*' 
cliurgap, urgkap ;* (choke) chkok- 
chkeli,* Imas. At one's last gasp,. 
naik omhak, naz'a (Ar.). 

Gastric (gas'trik), adj. prot (a). 

Gate (gat), s. (of a city) pintu 
hmr, pintu kota, pintu gerhaiy;"^ 
(of a fence) pintu pagar, lawarg 
(X.I.) ; (large gate) pintu lawary 
(Jav.) ; (to keep children in a. 
house) adarg pintu.* 

Gatekeeper (gat'kep-er), s. pnurg- 
gu pintu,* oraiy jag a pintu. 

Gatepost (-post), s. tiaig pintu. 

Gateway (-wa), s. muka pintu pa- 

Gather (ga^/i'er), v. t. (collect) 
kumpolkan, himpon'kan:* (in 
heaps) lorggokkan, timhonlcan; 
(pluck) ptel^:; (fruit with a pole) 
jolok : (in a basket on a pole) 
sarggorg;* (pick up) purgut, ku- 
tip: (materials for work) ramu;* 
(rice harvest) tuai;* (derive an 

Ete, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




inference) amhil;* (in folds, as a 
garment) pulun* kdiit. 

Gather, v. i. (assemble) herhum- 
pol, berhimpon* herkrumiin; (of 
boils) mnanali, afyhut nanah. 

Gather, s. (plait or fold) pulun* 
I'dut, simak* 

Gathering (-ing), s. (assembly) 
perkumpolan, perhimponan,* ma- 
jlk (Ar.), sidaiy;* (abscess, tu- 
mour) hisul; (on the finger) klu- 
rut* klurutan (B.). 

Gaudy (gawd'i), adj. gilary- 
gmUarg* chindai* gararg (B.), 
rarggi (B.). 

Gauge (gaj), v. t. ukor, jaigka, su- 
kat; (estimate) taksir (D. tazeer- 
cfi) ; (judge of) tinibaig. 

Gauge, s. (size) ukoran, jargka; 
(width) lebar, huka;* (instru- 
ment for measuring) pigukor, 

Gaul (gawl), s. negri Fransis dhulu 

Gaunt (gaAvnt), adj. kurus, chdhg* 

Gauntlet (gawnt'let), s. saroig ia- 
rgan. To throw down the gaunt- 
let, ininia lawan, ajah heradu. 

Gauze (gawz), s. kain kasa (Ar. 
khasah). Wire gauze, aijakan da- 

Gavel (gav'el), s. prgtok. 

Gavial (ga'vi-al), s. huaya jolorg- 
jolorg, jfijoJorg/" 

Gawky (gawk'i), adj. chaiygorg, 

Gay (ga), adj. (merry) hersuka- 
suka, ria:* (in colours) chindai.* 

Gaze (gaz), v. i. pandarg, rnorg. 
To gaze at, iatap.* 

Gaze, s. pandargan. 

Gazelle (ga-zel'), s. kijaig. 

Gazette (ga-zet'j, s. surat khahar 
kraja'an, surat khahar kompni, 
werta* kraja'an. 

Gazette, v. t. khaharkan- drgan pren- 

Gear, s. (equipment) klrgkapan, 
alat* serba* abah-ahahj* (cog- 
wheels) roda bergigi, jntra* ber- 
gigi. Eunning gear (Naut.), 

Gecko (gek'o), s. tkek, tokek.* 

Gelatine (jel'a-ten' or jel'a-tin), s. 
(from seaweed) agar-agar. 

Gelatinous (je-lat'in-z^s), adj. ber- 
pulut, berpulot (B.). 

Geld (geld), v. t. kmbirikan, kasi* 
(Ar. khasi). 

Gelding (-ing), s. kuda kmbiri. 

Gem (jem), s. permata, manikamj'* 
(small valuables) mata-bnda. 

Gem, V. t. tataJikan. 

Gender (jen'der), s. jnis jantan- 

Genealogy (jen-e-al'o-ji), s. k- 
turunan, siJasilah (Ar.), salasilah 

(Ar. silsilah), siiku sakat/ 



General (jen'er-al) adj. (belonging 
to all) perskutuan* sama peroleh^ 
an* 'am (Ar.) ; (usual, habitual) 
kblasa'an, sperti slalu, sntiasa;* 
(for the most part) kbaryakan, 
Registrar general, pndaftar 'am 

General, s. piglima prarg, kpahi 

(-ari-ti), s. perkara 


Generalize (jen'er-al-iz), v. t. 

(take comprehensive views) ram- 

Generally (-li), adv. krap-krap, 

sntiasa ( Sk. ) , biasa-nja. 
Generalship (-ship), s. kpandaian 

Generate (jen'er-at), v. t. (beget) 

beranakkan; (produce, cause) ada- 

kan, jadikan, sbabkan, kluarkan. 
Generation (-a'shwn), s. (act oi 

begetting) pri mniperanakkan, 

pri miyadakan, etc., as above; 

(progeny) bneli, kturunan; (step 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; lee, it, fire, 

mirror: old, not, connect, sdre, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




in descent) Murwian, paiykat; 
(age) zaman, jnian (B.). 

Generic (je-ner'ik), adj. deri-hal 
jnis, jnis (a). 

Generosity (jen-er-os'i-ti), s. ^•- 
inurahan, miirah hati. 

Generous (jen'eiM/s), adj. murah 
hati, targan terbuka, ahor/^ derma- 
wan (Sk). 

Genesis (jen'e-sis), s. (first book of 
Moses) kjadian; (origin) asalj 
pargkat, puncha. 

Genial (je'ni-al), adj. mams, sdap- 

Genitals (jen'i-t^lz), s. kmaluan. 

Genius (je'ni-?is), s. (supernatural 
being) jm (Ar.), hantu; (taste, 
inclination) chondorg hati; (un- 
common intellectual power) k- 
pandaian 'aja'ib. 

Genteel (jen-tel'), adj. herhhasa, 

Gentile (jen'til), s. (uon- Jewish) 
hargsa asirg (X.). 

Gentility (jen-tiri-ti), s. hudi- 

Gentle (jen'tl), adj. (not rough) 
halus, manis; (not violent) per- 
lahan, plan (B.) ; (tender, meek) 
Imbot hati; (docile) jinuk; (of 
sounds) sdap, merdii;* (of wind) 
spui,* spui-spui bhasa* 

Gentlefolks (-foks), s. ora?g balk- 
baik, oraig bargsawan,* tuan-tuan. 

Gentleman (-man), s. (well born) 
orarg baik baik, orarg berbafgsa,* 
orarg bargmwan* tuan; (of refined 
manners) orarg berbhasa, oraig 
halus. Gentlemen, tuan-tuan, 

Gentlemanly (-li), adj. berbhasa. 

Gentleness (-ues), s. kahalusan, 

Gentlewoman (-woom-an), s. 
prempuari baik-baik, prempuan 
herbaigsa,'^' 'nchek-nchek pi'cm- 

Gently (jen'tli), adv. digan munis^ 
perlahan-lahan,* plan-plan. 

Gentry (-tri), s. tuan-tuan. 

Genuflexion (jen'u-flek'shwn), s^ 
pri ml I pat lutut. 

Genuine (jen'u-in), adj. (true) 
surggoh, btul, tahakik (xVr.) ; (of 
pure blood) jati; (pure, as gold) 
tulen (Jav.), c/tm" (Ch.)(B.). 

Genus (je'n?/s), s. jnis. 

Geography (je-og'ra-fi), s. 'ilmu*' 
humi. Physical geography, 'ilmu*' 
bulat dunia. 

Geology (je-ol'o-ji), s. 'ilmu* batu^ 

Qeomancy (je'o-man-si), s. ramal 

Geometry (je-om'et-ri), s. 'ilmu*' 

Germ (jerm), s. (of seed) kcliam- 
bah;* (of an ^^g) pusat tlor; (of 
a coconut) tombotg; (of disease) 
kuman, hama; (origin, first prin- 
ciple) ami, tuna.'i. 

German (jer'man), adj. jerman. 

Germane (jer-man'), adj. padwi,. 
patut, berstuju. 

Germany (jer'man-i), s. negri Jer- 

Germinate (jer'mi-nat), v. i. (of 
seeds) berkchanibah;* (of plants) 
bertiunboli, bertuna^, hertarok.* 

Gestation (jes-ta'shi/n), s. pri m- 

Gesticulate (jes-tik'u-lat), v. i. her^ 
lerggok, terliok-liok,* hermain ta- 
rgan, berimrat (Ar. isharat). 

Gesticulation (-la'shiin), s. lerg- 
gok, imrat (Ar. isharat). 

Gesture (jes'chur), s. leiggok, isa^ 
rat (Ar. isharat). 

Get (get), V. t. (obtain) dapat, ber- 
oleh;* (procure) ambil, charikan- 
(receive) trima. 

Get, V. i. (become) jadi: (come to- 
be) kna. To get ahead, get along, 
heruntojg, mara,* maju,* berjalan 
(B.). To get astray, ssat. Ta 
get at (reach) dapatkan. To get 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5(l, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




back, pularg. To |^et clear, Ipas, 
luchut. To get drunk, jadi ma- 
hok. To get into, niasok. To get 
near, dkat, hanipir* To get on, 
maju* h erjala /i ( B . ) . To get over 
(pass over) lalui;* (recover from 
sickness) smloh* puleh. To get 
to, sampai, tiha, datarg Jc-. To 
get up, hargun; (ascend) naik, 
pan] at; (from sleep) hargun tidor. 

Gewgaw (gu'gaw), s. hararg sia- 
sia* hariiig taherguna. 

Geyser (gi'zer or ga'zer), s. pan- 
chutan aj/er panas. 

Gharry (gar'ri), s. kreta kiida, 
kreta sewa. 

Ghastly (gast'li), adj. (of pallor) 
puchat Isu/'' puchat vianai* pit- 
chat bagi may at (B.) ; (horrible) 
dahshat (Ar.). 

Ghee (ge), s. mityak sapi. 

Gherkin (ger'kin), s. timon kchil. 

Ghost (gost), s. (disembodied spi- 
rit) haiiiu, hantit hargkit; (spirit 
of life) smatgat; (spirits of dead 
persons) arivah (Ar.). See 
SPIRIT. The Holy Ghost, Boh 
Alkudus. To come under the in- 
fluence of a ghost, kna tgur hantu, 
terkna, tersampok. 

Giant (ji'ant), s. gergasi, nenek 
gergasi, raksasa (Sk.), dnawa 


Giant, adj. skali, amat hsarj^ 
Gibberish (gib'ber-ish), s. rapek, 

ryeryer (B.). 
Gibbet (jib'bet), s. kayii piggan- 

Gibbon (gib'bon), s. siamarg* 

The wou-wou, oigka. 
Gibe (jib), v. i. sindir, olok-olok. 
Gibe, s. (sarcastic jest) sindir; 

(scoff) olok-olok. 
Giblets (jib'lets), s. hati jantorg 

dan hmpdal ayam ya}g hoi eh di- 

Giddiness (gid'di-nes), s. pnirg, 

riarg*- gayat* pusirg mata* 

Giddy (gid'di), adj. (lightheaded) 
kpala pniig, pmiig kpala, riarg;"^' 
(inducing giddiness, as heights) 
yavj mriarykan,* yarg mmhri ga- 
yat;* (of character) kpala argirij 

Gift (gift), s. pmhrian, huah targan.^ 
hadiah (Ar.) ; (from an inferior) 
persmhahan; (from a superior) 
anugrah (Sk), kurnia (Sk.) ; 
(royal gift sent with a letter) 
hirgkisan;* (alms) sdkah, derma 
(Sk.) ; (bribe) snap; (tip) baksis 
(Turk, bakhshish). 

Gift, V. t. (endow) kurniakan (Sk.), 
anvgrahi (Sk.). 

Gig (gig), s. (carriage) bogi, kreta 
boqi; see dogcakt/ (boat) bot 
(E.), skochi (D.). 

Gigantic (ji-gan'tik), adj. bsar 
skali, amat bsar* 

Giggle (gig'gl), V. i. kekek,"^ ter- 

Gild (gild), V. t. (overlay with 
gold) saint, sadur;* (with gold 
leaf) bub oh 'mas kertas; (with 
paint) sapii ayer 'mas; (by plat- 
ing) Mop 'ma^. 

Gilding (gild'ing), s. see above. 

Gill (gil), s. (of fish) insanj, isarg,'^ 
paru-pani; (of fowls) glambir* 

Gill (jil), s. sukatan Irggris = i 

Gilt (gilt), adj. di-sadur,'^ di-sapu 
max, di'chlop mas. 

Gimbals (gim'bals), s. (^aut.) 
glarg-glatg pdoman. 

Gimcrack (jim'krak), s. bararg 
yaig rupa-nja balk, ttapi Ikas 
rosak, smbaraig.* 

Gimlet (gim'let), s. gurdi, grodi. 

Gimp (gimp), s. hakram^ (E.). 

Gin (jin), s. (snare) jrat, rachek: 
(shears) sagarg,* sayarg-sayatg ;* 
(Hollands) so pi* (T). zoopje = sipy 
dram), jin. Cotton gin, psawat* 
mnjuchi kapas. 

Ginger (jin'jer), s. halia, jai 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry ; f 56d, foot, awf ool (awful) ; law, how, oil ; thin then. 




(X.I.) ; other species are hufylai* 

hanjle (B.), tmu I'unchi. 
<jingerly (-li), adv. dtyan chermat. 
<jingham (ging'am), s. l-aifi gerg- 

garg (D. gingang). 
•Gipsy (jip'si), s. s-baigsa oraig 

kiilit hitam yaig bertaburan di 

bfiua Eropah. 
'Giraffe (ji-raf )^ s. zirafah (Ar.). 
<jird (gerd), v. t. (encircle) blit, 

hlet (B.) ; (make fast, as with a 

*,drdle) ikat, bhat, barut; (with 

a belt over the shoulder) sandarg.'^ 
•Girder (gerd'er), s. msoh* balah 

(D.). iron girder, rasolc bsi. 
<jirdle (ger'dl), s. tali pirgyaig, 

pff/ikat pirggaig, kndit, tali kndeh 

(B.), gndit;* (over the shoulder) 

mnda?g;^ (of silk or cloth) brg- 

•Girdle, v. t. (encircle) blit, blet 

(B.): (bind) ikat 
<jirl (gerl), s. budak prempuan, 

anak prempuan, anak dara, gadis,* 

prairan,* nona (X.I.). 
<iirlhood (gerl'hood), s. dara, per- 

dnra'aji,'* lial anak dara. 
Girlish (-ish), adj. sperti budak 

Girth (gerth), s. (for a saddle) 

tali prot; (of an elephant's how- 

dah) tali reigka;* (measure round 

the bodv) bsar-iya; (round a tree) 


<jist (jist), s. (main point) perkara 
garg terutamaj* (essence) pati. 

<jive (giv), V. t. bri, kasi (B.), bagi 
(P.) ; (of inferiors) persmbah- 
kan; (of superiors) kurniakan 
(Sk.), anugrahkan (Sk.) ; (as 
dishes at table) sororg ; (more 
politely in requesting a person 
to give) kirikan; (pay) bager; 
(produce, emit) kluarkan; (allow) 
bri, biar; (deliver over) srahkan; 
(apply one's self) srahkan diri; 
(bend, as a bridge) Indid,* Idorg;* 
(cause) bawa, datargkan. To 

give away (transfer) srahkan; (in 
charity) sdkahkan. To give back, 
pulargka?i, kmbalihan. To give 
birth to, beranakkan, bersalin- 
kan,* tlahirkan (Ar.) To give 
chase, kjar. To give forth, kluar- 
kan. To give in (admit defeat), 
srahkan diri; (announce, make 
known) bri tahu. To give off 
(emit), kluarkan, smburkan. To 
give out (announce), khabarkan; 
(distribute) bhagikan. To give 
over (abandon), titggalkan; (re- 
sign) srahkan diri. To give place 
(withdraw) undor. To give and 
take, kadarkaW^ vntoiy rugi. To 
give tongue, salak, mnjalak. To 
give up (surrender) srahkan. To 
give way (withdraw) undor; (of 
earth) runtoh, rntoh (B.) ; (of 
buildings) roboh, ruboh (B.) ; (of 
a seam) rtas; (of a joint) pokah.* 

Gizzard (giz'zerd), s. hmpdal, mm- 

Glacier (glas'i-er or gla'sher) s. 
suigai ayer batu, suryai bku.* 

Glad (glad), adj. (happy) gmar,* 
suka-Jiati, bersuka-suka, bersuka- 
cliita;* (pleased) berknan. 

Gladden (glad'dn), v. t. sukakan, 
y markan* perknan kan. 

Glade (glad), s. chraig.^ 

Gladiator (glad'i-a-ter), s. pn- 

Gladly (-li), adv. berknan, drgan 
suka hati. 

Gladness (-ness), s. suka-chita,* 
suka-ria* ksuka'an, suka-hati. 

Glair (glar), s. put eh tlor. 

Glamour (glam'er), s. (magic in- 
fliience, spell) badi. 

Glance (glans). s. (flash of light) 
sinar;* (quick look) jlirg, ker- 
Ihg,* liryar;* (with a motion of 
the head) jliig-jluat.* 

Glance, v. i. (flash) bersinar* her- 
kilat; (look quickly) skali pan- 
daiy, jlitg, kerlitg,* liiyar,* main 

4te, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen. recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, niinws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin f^en. 




mata. A glancing blow, Ma sipi. 

To glance back or behind one, 

Gland (gland), s. hiji Wijar,^ hiji 

Glanders (glan'derz), s. sardi 

(Hind. = a cold), sahit irgus, pnjci- 

Jcit hnjkah hernanah di rahaiy/^ 
Glare (glar), s. (dazzling ligbt) 

siJau, kiJau,^ cJimerlaty.'^ 
Glare, v. i. (shine brightly) her- 

silau, herhilau;'^ (look fiercely) 

hliaklcan mata. 
Glaring (glar'ing), adj. (very 

bright) gilang-gmilarg j"^ (of pat- 
terns or colours) garary. 
Glass (glas), s. (the substance) 

kacha; (lens, mirror) cliermm; 

(drinking glass) glas; (telescope) 

Glassy (glas'i), adj. sperii JcacJia. 
Glaze (glaz), v. t. (make glossy) 

kilatlcan; (as a saroig) grusJ^ 
Glaze, s. (on earthenware) spoli; 

(gloss) hilat. 
Glazier (gla'zher), s. tukary Tcaclia. 
Gleam (glem), s. sinar* 
Gleam, v. i. bersinar."^ 
Glean (glen), v. i. t. purgut, ch- 

dirg,^ gragaig^' {'^.). 
Glebe (gleb), s. tanah wakap (Ar. 

ivaqaf) . 
Glee (gle), s. (joy) suka-cMta,^ 

suka-ria* sitka-suka; (part song) 

njaryian bersajak (Ar. safa). 
Gleeful (gle'fool), adj. bersuka- 

Gleet (glet), s. knchirg nanaJi. 
Glen (glen), s. gaorg. 
Glib (glib), adj. bletirf^' mletir 

(B.), landiar.^ 
Glide (gild), v. i. Jancliar,'^ linjar,'^ 

liryarg* lunchor/^ lorot, mlorot 

(B.) ; (as a river) alvr;* (as a 

snake or thief) susor, jlinap.^ 
Glimmer (glim'mer), v. i. berklip- 


Glimpse (glims), s. iampak* s- 
bniar, nampak skali 'mbas. 

Glisten (glis'n), v. i. kerlap/^^ ber- 

Glitter (glit'ter), v. i. berkilat, ber^ 
kilau* chmerlaiy,'^ gmerlap* gi- 
larg-gm ilaigj^ kerlap. 

Gloat (glot), V. i, pandarg dryaiv 

Globe (glob), s. (sphere) bidatan;- 
(the earth) bidat dunia. 

Globular (glob'u-ler), adj. bidat^ 
buntar;-^ buntal, biindar (X.I.). 

Globule (glob'ul), s. biji, butir,^ 
until, "^ gent el. 

Gloom (gloom), s. klam,^' kglapan,. 
silanif^ suram/^' rmargf' (mel- 
ancholy) susaJi-liati, duka-cliita/-' 
percliinta'an, moroiy. 

Gloomy (-i), s. (clouded) rdop^ 
kkun/^ glap, rrgargf^ taram, *trajy^ 
tmarary;"^' (melancholy) mororg^ 

Glorify (glor'i-fi), s. muliakan. 

Glorious (-i-«s), adj. mulia, indali- 
in dak.'"' 

Glory (-i), s. midia, kmidia'an, sri._ 

Glory, V. i. (boast) bermgali/^ 
mgahkan'^' din, piiji diri, bsarkan 
diri, see boast. 

Gloss (glos), s. (lustre), kdat, U- 
chau;* (ou cloth) grus:'^ (com- 
mentary) iafsir (Ar.). 

Glossary (glos'sa-ri), s. daftar per^ 
kataan yaig pick.* 

Glossy (-si), adj. kdat, licliau.'^ 

Glove (gluv), s. saroig targan. 

Glow (glo), V. i. berpijarf^ ber^ 
baliarg, see below. 

Glow, s. (intense heat) pi jar f^ 
(heat of fire) baliary; (of the- 
body) a&fl,* liawa; (phosphores- 
cence) pndarf'^ (of sunset) mam- 
barg kunitg. 

Glowworm (glo'werm), s. kunarg- 
kunarg* ulat klip-klip. 

Gloze (gloz),v. i. (wheedle) pujok. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ioe, it, fire„ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; f55d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




<jlue (gloo), s. perl'at, mmhalau* 

<jlum (glnm), adj. prrgiis.'^ 

•Glut (glut), V. t. (satiate) jmu, 
jlak ; (overfeed, stuff) tamu* 

^Glutinous (glu'tin-ws), adj. pleat, 
Ikat-lkat, Indlr, U-et* 

'Glutton (glut'tn), s. omrg glojoh, 
plahap* oraty dmap* 

'Gluttonous (glut'tn-?/s), adj. glo- 
joh, plaliap* dmap,'^ charok* 
busau,'^ rakus* 

'Gnarled (narld), adj. biggal-btg- 
gol* j?ggal-jrggol* jndal-jndol 
(B.); (full of kuots) berbuku. 

-Gnash (nasli), v. t. kertak,. gertak. 

•Gnat (uat), s. njamok kchil, agas. 

Gnaw (naw), v. t. urggis, hvumit, 
gruborg* krip* grip;* (gnaw 
through or into) krok, kerbok* 

"Gnome (nom), s. hantu tanafi, jm- 

<J0 (go), V. i. (as complete action) 
pergi; (process or act of going) 
jalan. To go again, ^idaiy. To 
go away, pergi. To go back, ba- 
lek, kmhnli, pula?g. To go down, 
iurun. To go forth, kluar. To 
go home, pulary. To go in, ma- 
.sok, lulus.* To go off (depart) 
pergi; (explode) Hop, lalak.* To 
go on (advance) mara* mnju;* 
(proceed) latgsorg, landa;* (per- 
sist) ttap. To go on talking, ber- 
kaia-kata jug a, lagi berchakap 
(R.). To go out, kluar; (from a 
house) iurun k-ianah. To go 
over (traverse) lalui* lalu (B.) ; 
(cross) sbrarg; (examine) prek- 
sa. To go through (penetrate), 
Itnbus: (slij) tlirough) lulus* 
this;* chlus;* (endure) tahan, 
(Irita.* To go up, see ascexd. 
• To go u])stream, do uphill work, 
daga.* ^Yo go with, ikut. To go 
without (omit), tirggalkan. To 
let go, Ipaskan. To go out to sea, 
k-laut, mlaut. To go straight on 

(without stopping) nonorg, m- 
nonoiy (B.). To go in and out 
frequently, chlum-chlam.* To go 
from house to house, nnijajah ru- 
nt ah.* 

Goad (god), s. kusa (Sk.). 

Goad, V. t. (urge on) pachu, surgga 

Goal (gol), s. (at football) gol 
(E.), lawaig (X.I.) ; '(aim, pur- 
pose) maksud. 

Goat (got), s. kambiiy. 

Goatsucker (g5t'suk-ker), s. burorg 

Gobble (gob'bl), v. t. tlan, lantak, 
lulor* baham.* 

Go-between (go'be-twen), s. orarg 
tiyah, tlaigkai* prgantara* kory- 
ch h in ( Ch . ) ( B. ) ; (in marriages ) 
oraty prninaty* oraiy yary m- 
minary (B.). 

Goblet (gob'let), s. piala.* 

Goblin (gob'lin), s. bota (Sk.),ym- 
balarg* poloty. 

God (god), s. Allali, TuJian; (other 
than the one God) ilah, pi. alihah 
(Ay.) ; (of the Hindus) sami, 
dewa, dewata; (of the Chinese) 
topekory, datok (B.). God for- 
bid, di-jauhkan Allah. 

Goddess (god'des), s. dewi* dewa- 
deiva (B.). 

Godhead (-hed), s. ktuhanan.* 

Godless (-les), adj. tiada berayama, 
kpista (8k.). 

Godliness (-li-nes). s. bakti (Sk.). 

Godly (-li), adj. berbakti (Sk.), 

Godown (go'down), s. (warehouse) 
ydoty, gudarg. 

Goggles (gog'glz), s. cliermin-mata 
bsnr, chPTinin-niata pnahan dbu* 

Goggle-eyed (gog'gl-id), adj. mata 
patory* mata blalaty* mata ter- 
jojol, mata udaty.* 

Going (go'ing), s. jalan. 

Goitre (goi'ter), s. by ok* yondory.* 

Gold (gold), s. ^mas. Gold dust. 

4te, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




^mas urai. Gold foil, ^mas hran- 
rhaiy,'* 'mas l-rajarg* Gold lace, 
pita 'juaSj, that 'ma^J^ Gold leaf, 
'mas kertas, 'mas prada (X.I.). 
(lold mine, galian 'mas,* lomhoiy 
'mas. Gold thread, hnaiy 'mas, 
'mas tnli* Gold reef, tlerarg 
'mas. Pure gold, 'mas tulen,* 
'mas China, 'mas s-pnloh, 'mas 
tua. An alloy of gold and brass, 

<joldeii (gold'n), adj. 'mas, h'mas- 
an*, sperti 'mas, s-rupa 'mas. 

Ooldsmith (-smith), s. tukaiy 
'mas, pandai 'mas (X.I.). 

<Jolosh (go-lo?h'), s. kasut gtali. 

<JondoIa, (gon'do-la), s. sampan 
tamharg di negri Venice. 

^ong (gong), s. (with a knob in 
the centre) goty; (smaller) fa- 
ir ak- -taw ak,* I'romory;* (without 
knob) chanargj^ bre)g-hreig. 

Cionorrhoea (gon-or-re'a), s. sahit 

<Jood (good), adj. ha'ik, eloTc; 
(nice) hag us; (kind, benevolent) 
■murah hati; (useful) heryuna; 
(.suitable) patut, laj/ak.* For 
:good and all, sampai S'lama-lama- 
nja. A good deal, ban/ak. Good 
■deeds, k'hajikan,* 'amal (Ar.). 
<TOod health, sehat. Good nature, 
kmurahan hati, haik hati. Good 
■day, good morning, sal am (Ar.), 
tahel'. In good time (early) 
siarg-siarg. To hold good (re- 
main valid), ^^ap. To make good 
(indemnify), gantil-an rugi. 

<Jood, s. (goodness) kbaikan; (wel- 
fare, advantage) faidah, kbaji- 
kan:^ pi. (property) herta,bara)y- 
baraiy: (merchandise) dagargan,* 
bararg jualan (B.). 

Oood, adv. As good as, s'al'an-akan,* 
sama sperti. 

<Jood-bye (-bi'), adv. slamat tirg- 
gal, slamat jalan, slamat blai/er, 
tabek: (in leaving a house) iinj- 

yal-lah, dudok-lah; (parents to 
children) tirgyal baik-baik. 

Good-humoured (-hu'merd or 
u'merd), adj. baik praryai, haik 
hati, hati baik. 

Good-looking (-look'ing), adj. 
elok, chantek, molek. 

Goodly (good'li), adj. (pleasant) 
sdap; (comely) elok, molek; (con- 
siderable) baiyak. 

Good-natured (-na'churd), adj. 
murah hati, baik hati, hati baik. 

Goodness (good'nes), s. (being 
good) kbaikan, k'elokan; (kind- 
ness) kmurahan. 

Good-tempered (-tem'perd), adj. 
sabar, tnary hati,'-' ta' praryai (B.). 

Goodwill (good-wir), s. • (kindly 
feeling) kmurahan; (of a busi- 
ness) untoiy deri sbab hlazimati 
orary berhyyanan.* 

Goose (goos), s. (the bird) aiysa; 
(tailor's iron) strika (D. strij- 
ken) ; (simpleton) ovary bodoh, 
orary drgu/^ oraig birgoig. 

Gore (gor), s. (blood) darah; 
(clotted) darah bku;* (triangular 
piece in garments) pesak; see 


Gore, V. t. (with the horn) tandok, 

Gorge (gorj), s. (throat, gullet) 

krorgkorg; (narrow defile) gaorg. 
Gorge, V. i. (eat greedily) pajoh,^ 

pa rap, chkek, yasak, radak; 

(glut) jmu, jlak. 
Gorged (gorjd), adj. jmu- jlak, 

knnjary, b^gkagarg.'^ 
Gorgeous (g6r'j;/s), adj. mulia. 
Gorget (gor'jet), s. dokoh,'^ badory. 
Gorilla (go-ril'la), s. s-jnis mawas^ 

di negri Afrika. 
Gormand (gor'mand), s. orary yarg 

makan laznV^ (Ar. ladzat). 
Gory (gor'i), adj. berdarah, ber^ 

lumor darah. 
Goshawk (gos'hawk), s. s-jnis bw 

rorg laiy. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 





Gosling (goz'lin^^), s. amLlc arjjsa. 
Gospel (gos'pcl), 8, (the book) 

Injil (Ar.); (glad tidings) khahar 

yary haik. 
Gossamer (gos'sa-mer), s. sararg 

laba-laba yaiy amat haliLS, ham 

hasa halus (Ar. khdsah). 
Gossip (gos'sip), s. (the person) 

pmhawa iiiulut, pmhvxil; (idle 

talk) hual, oinoiy (N.I.), chakap 

mrapek (B.). 
Gossip, V. i. (chat) herhnnl, her- 

dadu* omoirj-omoirj (N.l.) ; (tat- 
tle) hawa itvulut. , 
Goth (goth), s. haiysa Jerman 

dhulu kola; (barbarian) orary 

huian, oraty hiyis. 
Gouge (gowj or go5j), s. paliat 

Gouge, V. t. chnnjkil. 
Gourd (goord), s. labu, ktola, 

Gourmand (goor'mand), g, orary 

yary inakan lazat* (Ar. ladzat). 
Gout (gowt), s. sryal kaki, kaki 

sryal, pryakit pirai* 
Govern (guv'ern), v. i. pyary pren- 

tah, peyary jn-eniah (B.) ; (con- 
trol) klola.'^ 
Govern, v.t. preniahkan, klolakan* 
Governess (-cs), s. yuru prempuan. 
Government (-mf^nt), s. (adminis- 
tration) preniah, tadbir (Ar.) ; 

(ruling power) prentah, krajaan, 

fcom/mi (E. company). 
Governor (-er), s. pmrentah, yam- 

nor (E.), yohernor (N.I.), wall 

Gown (gown), s. haju panjary; (as 

worn by Arabs) jubaJi (Ar.) ; (by 

ladies) yaun (E.). 
Grab (grab), v.t. (seize, clutch) 

chapai, paut; see gkasp. 
Grace (gras), s. (favour bestowed) 

anuyrah (Sk.), kurnia (Sk.) ; 

(mercy of God) rahmat (At.) ; 

(physical beauty) Velokan sikap* 

sikap yary manis; (blessing at 

meals) herkai. Days of grace, 
hari pertaryyohan, ternpoh (Port.). 
In his good gi'aees, berknan k- 

Grace, v. t. (adorn) hiaskan, liia^i,^ 
riaskan (B.) ; (honor) rnuliakan. 

Graceful (gras'fool), adj. bersrisri, 
manis laku* niolek. 

Graceless (-les) , adj. jaliat 

Gracious (gTa'sh?/s), adj. (benefi- 
cent) murah hati, berkasehan; (of 
God, merciful) rahnian* (Ar. 
raivnidn), raliirn (Ar. raiiim). 

Gradation (gra-da'slmn), s. Jial 
berparykat-parykat, hal beransur- 

Grade (grad), s. (step or degree) 
panjkat, terykai, darjat (Ar.) ; 
(gradient) churam. 

Gradient (gnVdi-^nt), s. (slope) 
churam; (of roads) jalan yary 

Gradual (grad'u-al), adj. (by steps) 
hcrparykat-parykat, herterykat-tery^ 
kat; (by successive advances) ber- 
anmir-ansur, * sdikit-sdikit. 

Gradually (-li), adv. see above. 

Graduate (grad'u-at), v.t. (mark 
or determine by degrees) jaryka- 
kan; (admit to a grade or de- 
gree) hi parykat. 

Graduate (-et), s. (of a college) 
orary berparykat. 

Graduated (-at-ed), adj. berjaryka. 

Graduation (-a'shtai), s. (the act) 
hal di-bri berjaryka, hal di-bri 
parykat; (marks on a steelyard) 
inata dachiry. 

Graft (graft), s, charykok.* 

Graft, v.t. (by causing a branch to 
root) tut, charykokkan.* 

Grain (gran), s. (single seed) 
biji, butir;* (cereals) biji- 
bijian; (seed for propagation) 
bneh; (of sand or gems) butir;* 
(the weight) tirnbafyan = j\ saya; 
(fibre in wood) urat, chorek.* 
Against the grain, iasudi. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin f/ien. 




Orain, v. t. (with paint) harek- 

Orammar (gram'mer), s. (the 

science) 7iahu (Av.), saraf (Ar.) ; 

(a book) kitab imhu* (Ar. iiaiiu), 

Orammatical (gram-mat'ik-al), 

adj. yarg mrgikut 'ilmu riahu 
(Ar.), mtyikut jalan 
<jramophone (gram'o-fon), s. pfi 

Orampus (gram'p?/s), s. s-]nis ikan 

<jranary (gran'a-ri), s. Irykiarg* 

blub or * gdonj bras; see barn. 
<jrand (grand), adj. (great) bsar; 

(extensive) liias; (illustrious) 

rnulia, muUurai/a;* (magnificent) 

indah'indah; (majestic) maha 

Orandchild (gran'chlld), s. chuchu. 

Great grandchild, chichit. Great 

great grandchild, pint* oneiy- 

onetrj, see descp:xdant. 
Orandee (gran-de'), s. orairj baiym- 

wan* orarg bsar-bsar. 
Orandeur (gran'jur), s. kbsaran, k- 

Orandfather (gi-and'fa-/7<er). s. 

datok,'^ nenek/igkoty (B.) (Ch.). 

(Treat grandfather, moyaiy. 
Orandiloquent (gran-dil'o-kwent), 

adj. mulut bsar. 
Grandmother (grand'mui/i.-er), s. 

nenek prempnan, datok prempuan, 

ma (B.) (Ch.). 
Grange (granj), s. (farmhouse) n/- 

mah pladatg.* 
Granite (gran'it), s. batu hsi. 
Granivorous (gran-iv'or-ws), adj. 

yaty makan biji-bijian. 
Granny (gran'ni), s. nenek prem- 
Grant (grant), v. t. (give over) bri, 

srahkan; (of superiors) kurnia- 

kan (Sk.), anurjrahkan (Sk.) ; 

(allow, concede) luluskan,'^ biar- 

kan, bri, bri izin. Granting that 

, s-mntarg,* swxjgoh pun. To 

take for gi-anted, perchayakan, 
harapkan, fikir sudah tertntu. 

Grant, s. (concession) izin; (gift) 
pmhrimi, kurnm (Sk.) ; (docu- 
ment) sural izin, gran (E.). 

Granular (gi-an'u-ler), adj. berbiji- 
biji, bergliga. 

Granulate (-lat), v. t. (of sago) 

Grape (grap), s. bvah arggor 

Grapeshot (grap'shot), s. arggor 

Grapevine (-vin), s. pokok aiggor. 

Graphic (grafik), adj. (written or 
painted) bertuUs, berlukis; (clear- 
ly described) trarg. 

Graphite (-It), s. ara'ig berbku.* 

Grapnel (grap'nel), s. (Naut.) 
(small anchor) sauh jargkar; 
(thrown for boarding another ves- 
sel) sauh terbarg; (thrown ahead 
for towing) sauh chmat; (for 
dragging) pmarit, gara pulirg. 

Grapple (grap'pl), v. t. (seize) cha- 
pai, targkap, paut, chkau. 

Grasp (grasp), v. t. (with the 
hand) pgarg, chapai, pant; (be- 
tween the two liands) rargkum; 
(between tbumb and palm) spit: 
(in clenched fist) grggam; (with 
the palm downwards) chkau, chrg- 
kati;"^ (as birds of prey) sambar, 
sembar;* (with the arms) dakap* 
plok; (seize, take possession of) 
rbot, rampas, tatgkap; (compre- 
hend) migerti, dapat, paham, 
niafhum (Ar.). See grip. 

Grasp, s. pgaryan, grggaman, plok, 
etc., see above. 

Grasping (-ing), adj. (seizing) see 
grasp; (avaricious) loba* tamfa 
(Ar. Tania), tmahak (B.). 

Grass (gras), s. (in general) rum- 
put; (coarse) lalarg ; (citronella) 

Grasshopper (gras'hop-per), s. bla- 
larg, chrgkadok. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, cariy; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Grassy (-si), adj. herrumput. 

Grate (grat), s. (of upright bars) 
kisi'hisi :'^ (for a fire) tigkararg.'^ 

Grate, v. t. (rub roughly) garut,* 
garol', kikir; (reduce to small par- 
ticles) par lit, kukor.* 

Grate, v. i. (make a harsh sound) 
grat,'*^ krnnjauf (as a key in the 
lock) kertapj^' 

Grateful (grat'fool), adj. yarg m- 
nrima kaseh, yarg miiibalas guna, 
yaig mmbalas trima kaseh, taliu 
oratg pinya jincherg (B.) ; (giving 
pleasure) sdap, yarg miyukakan. 

Grater (-er), s. kikir, parut, kii- 

Gratification (grat-i-fi-ka'shizn), s. 
(act of satisfying) pri mmnas- 
kan;* (enjoyment) ksiika'an; (re- 
ward) piiihalamn,upali; (present) 
sagu liati. 

Gratify (grat'i-fi), v. t. (please) 
sukal'an; (satisfy) puaskan. 

Grating (grat'ing), s. (of upright 
bars) kisi'kisi;'^ (lattice work) 
jala-jala, mata-piinai; (oyer a 
hatch) iudorg jala-jala. 

Gratis (gra'tis), ady. churn a-chuma, 
perchuina, takna diiit, pri (E. 

Gratitude (grat'i-tud), s. (state of 
being grateful) pri mnaroh trima 
kaseh; (towards God) hal ramhri 
shukor (Ar.) ; (thankfulness) 
shukor"^ (Ar. shnkur). 

Gratuitous (gra-tu'i-t^/s), adj. 
(without recompense) chyma-chit' 
ma, perchuma, takna duit; (with- 
out pay) drgan tiada hayeran; 
(without cause) tiada s-mna- 
miia,'^ tiada hei'shah. 

Gratuity (-i-ti), s. (free gift) ha- 
diah (Ar.) ; (tip) haksis (Turk. 
bakhshish), kamsen (E. commis- 
sion) ; (recompense for a favour) 

Grave (grav), adj. (important) 
hrat, pntirg,* iau-kin (Ch.) (B.) ; 

(serious, solemn) santmi,'^ sopan^ 

Grave, v. t. ttkir, Jukis. 

Grave, s. knhor, niakani (Ar.) 
(shrine) k ran tat: (cavity in the- 
grave) tiaig lahad (Ar.), loharrf 
tiknsf' (Chinese grave) jirat 
(Ar. ?). 

Graveclothes (grav'kl6i/;z), s. kain 
kapan'^ (Ar. kafan), kain tutop 
orarg maii (B.). 

Gravel (grav'el), s. klikir, kersek,"^ 
gei'sek,'^' ibn pasir.'^ 

Graver (grav'er), s. prgnkir,"^' p- 
hikis/^' pisan rnlukis, icali tbob 

Gravestone (-ston), s. nesan-, nerg- 
san, (Pers. nishan)^ borg-pai 
(Ch. hdrg-pai) (B.). 

Graveyard (-yard), s. tmpat pku- 
ho ran. 

Gravitate (grav'i-tat), v. i. (tend 
to move) hndak bergrak, chondoig,, 
hndak rapat. 

Gravitation (-ta'shz/n), s. kuasa in- 
imrek, kuasa krapatan. 

Gravity (-ti), s. (heaviness) kbrat^ 
an: (sohviety) sopan-san tun f^ (se- 
riousness, enormity) ksargataji;'^^ 
(force of attraction) kuam m- 
iiarek. Centre of gravity, pusaf 

Gravy (gra'vi), s. kvah. 

Gray (gra), adj. klabu; (gray-hair- 
ed) beruban; (of the hair) uban, 
Cray eyes, mat a yu/^ mat a 

Graze (graz), v. i. (eat grass) 
makan rumput, ragut rumput,*' 
garggut;* (wound slightly) lechetr 
lias J jjasJ^ 

Grease (grcz or gres), v. t. (apply 
oil) buhoh minjah, miiyaki: (pots- 
in cooking) lenser/'' liigsir;-" see 

Grease (gres), s. hnak. min/ak,. 
charbi (Hind.) ; (on tlie humarsi 
body) hgas. 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minMS, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Greasy (gre'zi or gre'si), adj. her- 

Imah herminjal', beiirgas. 
Great (grat), adj. (in size) hsar; 

(in extent) luas; (in quantity) 

hanjak; (in degree) amat* sargat; 

(in some compound words) inaha* 

raya; (eminent) mulia. 
Great Britain (grat-brit'n), s. 

negri Irggris. 
Great-grandchild, ?. chichit. 
Great-grandfather, s. moyarg. 
Great-grandmother, s. moyarg 

Greatness (grat'nes), s. Jchsaran, Tc- 

sargatan, hluasan, hmuUaan; see 


Greaves (grevz), s. lapelc htis.'^ 
Grecian (gre'slizai), adj. Yunani, 

Greece (gres), s. negri Yuncm 

(Ar.), negri Grik. 
Greed (gred), s. glojoli, loba/^ hu- 

Greediness (gred'i-nes), s. glojoli, 

loha/^ hiisau/-' 
Greedy (-i), adj. (for food) glo- 

jolt, plahap* hnmii/^ rakusf' 

(avaricious) loha,^ iwincr (Ar. 

lam'a), tniahak (B.). 
Greek (grek), adj. Yunani, Grik. 
Green (gren), adj. (the colour) 

hijau; (not ripe) miicla, mntah; 

(half ripe) mrgkal; (not dry, not 

seasoned) hasali. 
Green, s. (the colour) liij'au; 

(grass plot) padarg; (vegetables) 

sayur, sayur-mayur,'^ sayur-sayur- 

an; (shoots) puchok-puchok. 
Greengrocer (gren'gro-ser), s. /)«- 

jiml sayur. 
Greenhorn (-horn), s. orarg hharu, 

siiykek (Ch. sin-kh eh). 
Greet (gret), v. i. t. (address) tgur; 

(more politely) tgur-sapa;* (give 

salutation) hi salam, bri tabek; 

(to princes) smbah, junjorg duJi."^' 
Greeting (-ing), s. salam, tabek. 
Gregarious (gre-gar'i-i/s), adj. 

berkawan-kawan, biasa berkaivan. 
Grenade (gre-nad'), s. priok api. 

Hand grenade, priok api lempar^ 

Grenadier (gren-a-der'), s. soldado 

yaig mletnpar priok api. 
Grey (gra), see gray. 
Greyhound (gra'hownd), s. s-jnis 

anjirg perburnan. 
Gridiron (grid'i-ern), s. bsi p- 

Grief (gref), s. duka-cliitar Z^'- 

dukaan,^ percliinta'an, sdeh, 

mashghul (Ar.), siisah (B.). To 

come to grief, kna chlaka, kna k- 

Grievance (grev'ans), s. (wrong 

suffered) bnchana; (grudge) dn- 

Grieve (grev), v. i. berduka-cliita,^' 

berchinta, mnaroh percliinta'an, 

tersdeh liati, bersusah liati (B.). 
Grieve, v. t. dukakanj^' duka-chita- 

kan* susahi_, sbalkan hati.'^ 
Grievous (grev'^/s), adj. (causing 

sorrow or pain) susah; (atrocious, 

aggravated) terlalu brat. 
Griffin (griffin), s. groda/-' naga 

bersayap; (greenhorn) orarg bha- 

rii, sirgkek (Ch. sin-kh eh) ; (of 

horses) knda bharii. 
Grin (gril), v. t. parggarg. 
Grim (grim), adj. (fierce) gararg; 

(cruel) brgis; (frightful) dahshat 

(Ar.), hebat (Ar. haibat). 
Grimace (gri-mas'), s. oiyorg,"^ 

grin/ut,'^ sritgai,'^' muka moryet 

(B.). To make grimaces, erut- 

kan muka; (with the lower lip) 

Grime (grim), s. daki, kotor, cli' 

Grimy (grim'i), adj. berlumor, 

berchonterg, berdaki. 
Grin (grin), v. i. (show the teeth) 

stgeh, kseh/^ kmiyeh;"^ (smile) 

smyum simpol, mesni (Jav.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thiu t/ien. 




Grin, s. syrjeh, hrnnjeh* snryum 
simpol, as above. 

Grind (grind), v. i. t. (with mill 
stones) ki^ar; (with a roller) gi- 
lirg; (between two rollers) kelarg;* 
(on the chobek) pipisj* (in a 
mortar) tumhok; (on a grind- 
stone) chanai; (on a whetstone) 
asah, kilir; (under foot) pirek.* 
To grind the teeth, kertak gigi* 
krapkan gigi* gigit gigi (B.). 

Grinder (grind'er), s. gigi graham, 
gigi gerham. 

Grindstone (-ston), s. hatu chanai^ 

Grip (grip), v. t. (with the hand) 
paut, chapai, pgarg; (with the 
fingers) cluykam; (with the 
thumb and palm) spit; (in the 
closed fist) giggam; (as in wrest- 
ling) plok, dakapj^ jramah* 

Grip, s. (grasp) see above; (of a 
sword) ulu* 

Gripe (grip), s. sakit mmulas. 

Grisly (griz'li), adj. (horrible) 
dahshat (Ar.), hehat (Ar. haibat). 

Grist (grist), s. (meal) tporg. 

Gristle (gris'l), s. tularg muda, 
tularg lialus, tulafy rawan.* 

Grit (grit), s. pasir, kersek;* 
(courage) kbranian. 

Gritty (grit'ti), adj. berpasir. 

Grizzled (griz'zld), adj. bertompok 
klabu, berrintekj* (of the hair) 

Grizzly (griz'zli), adj. = grizzled. 

Groan (gron), v. i. raorg/^ mra'org, 
'rarg* inrgrarg. 

Groan, s. ra'org, 'rarg,* raiap-ra'org. 

Grocer (gro'ser), s. pnjual rmpah- 
rmpah, gula dan s-bagai-rya. 

Grocery (gro'ser-i), s. rmpah-rm' 
pah, gula dan lain-lain-rya. 

Grog (grog), s. arak. 

Groggy (-gi), adj. teroyorg-oyorg, 
uyorg (B.). 

Grogshop (-shop), s. kdai arak. 

Groin (groin), s. pargkal paha. 

Groom (groom), s. sais (Hind.), 
gombala kuda. 

Groom, v. t. (curry or clean) si- 
kat, garok. 

Groove (groov), s. alur, parit, lu- 
rah;* (beading) kumai;* (habit- 
ual course of life) 'adat. 

Groove, v. t. buat alur, mmarit.* 
Grooved and tongued (of planks), 

Grope (grop), v. i. raba-rdba, ga- 
gau* krapai;* (in a hole or bag) 

Gross (gros), adj. (coarse) kasar; 
(great, flagrant) bsar, amat sa- 
rgat; (total) jmlah (Ar.), smoa- 
rya (B.). Gross receipts, jmlah 
sgala pndapatan* pndapatan ko- 
tor* Gross weight of a load, 
brat-nja drgan kreta skali. 

Gross, s. (twelve dozen) diia-blas 
diisin. In the gross, bororg. 

Grotesque (gro-tesk'), adj. plek* 
'ajaib {AT,),ganjil rupa-rya, jarg- 

Grotto (grot'to), s. goa. 

Ground (grownd), s. (surface of 
the earth) bumi, tanah; (region, 
place) tanah, tmpat; (founda- 
tion) aJas; (first principle) a^al; 
(background) tanah, dasar;* (pre- 
mise, reason) sbah, fasal. Ground 
floor, tergkat di bawah. Ground 
rent, seiua tanah, hasil tanah. 
Ground swell, alun.* To fall to 
the ground, bantut. To gain 
ground (advance), mara* k-hadap- 
an; (prosper) maju.* To lose 
ground, vndor. 

Ground, v. t. (lay on the ground) 
Uak; (found) alaskan; (fix firm- 
ly) tgohkan. 

Ground, v. i. (N"aut.) terkandas, 

Groundless (-les), adj. tiada ber- 
sbab, tiada s-mna-mna.* 

Groundnut (-nut), s. kacharg to- 
nah,* kacharg gorhg. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Grounds (growndz), s. hampas, 

Groundwork (grownd'werk), 8. 
alas, pohok. 

Group (groop), s. tompoh. Mom- 
pok, hoboJc;* (of trees) gompoirj;* 
(of hills, islands, fruits) gtigus;* 
(of animals) I'awan; (of persons) 
I'umpolan, pasokan. In groups, 

Group, V. t. (arrange in separate 
groups) aMng-aMiykan* aturkan, 
aturkan berpasok-pasokan, torn- 
. pok-tompokkan, pasok-pasokkan. 

Grove (gr5v), s. gomporg* 

Grovel (grov'l), v. i. (without 
moving) tiarap; (crawl) rargkak, 
mrargkah (B.); (be low, abject) 
jadi hina. 

Grow (gro), v. i. (of inanimate ob- 
jects) tambah; (of animals and 
plants) tumboh, tumbu (B.) ; 
(thrive) jadi; (become) jadi. To 
grow out of (result), dataiy deri- 
pada. To grow steadily, mranjak 
bsar* To grow up, bsar, jadi 

Grow, V. t. (cultivate) tanam. 

Growl (growl), v. i. (as a tiger) 
aiim* ra'org* mra'org (B.) ; 
(dogs, etc.) ra'org* mra'org (B.), 
grorg;* (lower sound) dra7n, mn- 
dram (B.) ; (grumble) siirgut, 

Growl, s. aum* ra'org* mra'org 
(B.), etc., as above. 

Growth (grdth), s. (process of 
growing) pri beriamhaJi-tamhak, 
pri bertumboh; (that which 
grows) tumboh-Uimbohan. 

Grub (grub), v. i. korek, gali; (as 
a duck or pig) sodok. To grub 
up (uproot small things) churg- 
kil; (trees) boigkaskan* 

Grub, s. ulat. 

Grudge (gruj), v. t. (envy) drtfki, 
hasadkan* (Ar. iia^sad) ; (have re- 
luctance) ta'sudi, sgan. 

Grudge, s. (malice) dndam, sakit 

Grudgingly (gruj'ing-li), adv. s- 
gan, bagi m-au ta'mau (B-)- 

Gruel (groo'el), s. kanji. 

Gruff (gruf), adj. rrgus* To 
speak gruffly, jerkah* 

Grumble (grum'bl), v. i. suigut, 
rurgut* rtgut* rotok* murgam* 

Grumbling (-bling), s. suigutan. 

Grunt (grunt), v. i. krohj^ m- 
rgroh,* dram, mndram (B.) ; 
(when struck, or in lifting a 
weight) drgek. 

Guano (gwa'no), s. haja iahi 
bur org. 

Guarantee (gar-an-te'), s. prg- 
aknnn, akuan, grenti (E.). 

Guarantee, v. t. aku, mrgaku, sarg- 
gap; (be sure of) turmikan* 

Guarantor (gar'an-tor'), s. prgaku, 
si pigaku. 

Guard (gard), v. t (protect by 
watching) kavml;* (keep in safe- 
ty) pliharakan; (watch) jaga, 
turggu; (shield, shelter) lindorg. 

Guard, s. (body of men) knwalan;* 
(defence, protection) plindorg- 
an; (watchman) orarg jaga, p- 
nuiggu; (of a sword hilt) ganja* 
Guard of honour, pasokan yaig 
mryambot oraig bsar-bsar, kawal- 
an kahormatan* Off one's 
guard, lalai, kurarg hgat, knrarg 
jaga. On guard, berkawal* ber- 
jaga. On one's guard, berirgaU 
irgat. Bodyguard, juak-jnak.* 

Guarded (gard'pd), adj. (cautious) 
berirgat-itgat, ber jaga. 

Guardian (-i-an), s. prgatval* p- 
nuiggu; (in law) wali (Ar.), 
wakil (Ar.). 

Guava (grv'a'va). s. jambu biji, 
jambu batu, jambu biawas.* 

Gudgeon (guj'?m), s. (of a rud- 
er) (Naut.) kokot biina. 

Guerdon (ger'dt/n), s. pmbalasan. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; lee, it, fire, 

mirror; 51cl, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Guerrilla (ger-ril'la), s. praiy 
I'cliil* praix) berpasol'-pasokan.'^ 

Guess (ges), v. t. (judoe at ran- 
dom) agal', gamaJc;* (conjec- 
ture) terl'a;* (think, suppose) 
hira; (suspect, imagine) saigka. 

Guess, s. agaJc, him, sargka, p- 
nerl'aj^ as above. 

Guesswork (gesVerk), s. agak- 
agak,"^ ganiak-gamal'/^ terJcaan* 

Guest (gest), s. jamu,^ jamuan* 
oraig jmpotan; (lodger) orarg m- 

Guffaw (guf-faw'), s. ilai,'^ glak'ok. 

Guidance (gid'ans), s. lial miuhawa 
jalan, imndnan,^ etc., as below. 

Guide (gid), v. t. (lead the wa.v) 
Imwa jalan, tutijoH-an jalan, 
panduj* (conduct) hantar; (lead 
by the hand) pimpin; (with a 
rope or stick) tuntun;* (manage) 
jalanhan; (direct, order) pren- 
iald'an, aturkan. 

Guide, s. prghaniar, pmimpin, pan- 
du,'^ prganjur/^' pinhawa jalan, 

Guidepost (gid'post), s. tiaig p- 
nunjoh jalan. 

Guild (gild), s. perslnduan^ orarg 
inniaga [I'orgsi (B.)]. 

Guilder (gild'er), s. rupiah hlanda, 
perah (N.I.). 

Guile (gll), s. Upu-datja, 'alcal, 
muslihnt (Ar.). 

Guileless (gil'les), adj. tuJm-liati. 

Guillotine (gil-lo-ten'), s. psawat 
pnnda></^ pmivai* mniiggal lehir 
orarg, pmirat'^ nunoiorg l-ertas 
dan s-hagai-tya. 

Guilt (gilt), s. (criminality, sin- 
fulness) hjahatan, salah; (crime) 
dosa, I'salalian. 

Guiltless (gilt'les), adj. tiada her- 
salali, iiada salah. 

Guilty (-i), adj. hersalah, salah. 

Guinea (gin'i), s. warg Iiygris = 
21 shillings. Guinea fowl, ayani 

mutiara. Guinea pig, tihus Blan- 

Guise (giz), s. (custom) 'adat; 
(behaviour) terglah laku: (ap- 
pearance) rupaj (garb) chara. 

Guitar (gi-tar'), s. hchapi, gam- 
bus,"^ gitar (E.). 

Gulf (g"ulf), s. (abyss) lohaig, 
chlah gunoig; (bay) tlok. 

Gull (gul), s. bitrorg chamar,* hu- 
rorg simbarg.^ 

Gull, V. t. iipu, perdaijakan* 

Gullet (gul'let), s. hrorgkorg. 

Gullible (-li-bl), adj. mudah* hna 
tipii, snaig hna tipu. 

Gully (-li), s. gaorg, jurarg.* 

Gulp (gulp), V. t. (in drinking'i 
tgok, gogoh; (in eating) polok. 
To gulp down, ilan, lidor.'^ 

Gulp, s. tgok, chgok.-^ 

Gum (gum), s. (from trees) gtdh; 
(mucilage) ager perkat; (of the 
teeth) gnsi. 

Gum benjamin (ben'ja-min), 3. 
kmnnjian, mnjan (X.I.). 

Gumboil (gum'boil), s. bisul gust. 

Gum lac (-lak), s. hmbalau,* mm^ 

Gummy (-mi), adj. jrekat, Iket.* 

Gumption (gump'shz/n), s. 'akal. 

Gun (gun), s. (firearm) snaparg, 
bdil; (cannon) mriam; (smaller) 
lela* rntaka,^ pmuras.* Double- 
barrelled gun, see DOUBLE-BARRELL- 
ED. Shot gun (breechloader), 
xnajmH) patah, snaparg kidai.* 

Gunbarrel (gun'bar-rel), s. laras. 

Gunboat (-bot), s. kapal prarg 

Gunmetal (-met-al), s. gargsa,* lo- 


Gunner (-ner), s. soldado mriam. 
Gunny (-ni), s. kain karoig, kabv 

gnni (Hind.), kain goni (B.). 
Gunpowder (-pow-der), s. obat 

Gunshot (-sliot), s. (act of firing) 

(M.s\* Out of gunshot, s-jauh ta'- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, f^rry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




sampai dl-bdil. A ^mshot 
wound, lid-a pluru, Juka Mil. 

Gunsmith (-smith), s. tuhaty 

Gunstock (-stok), s. hatarg sua- 

Gunwale (gun'nel), s. (Xaut.) 
herdu (L.) ; (temporary to in- 
crease freeboard) riihirg, I'apa. 

Gurgle (ger'gl), v. i. rohoh/^ gro- 
hol',"^ glgal', l)erdhok-dhol\^' 

Gush (gush), V. i. (issue, rush 
forth) panchar, panchur, churat; 
(upwards) panchut;^ (from the 
mouth or a hole) smbur; (squirt 
out) lanchur/^ (of entrails) hu- 

Gush, s. pancliaran, panchutan,'^ 
etc., see above. 

Gusset (gus's^t), s. Armhole gus- 
set, kekek. Shirt gusset, pesak. 

Gust (gust), s, pupiitan atyin/^ 

Gusto (gus'to), s. kgmaran,* ksu- 

Gusty (gust'i), adj. A gusty wind, 
argin gunoiy-gunorgan* an/in 

Gut (gut), s. tali prot; (of a fish 
line) tali pramhot;* (for violin 
strings) taiysi (Ch. tliarg-si). 

Gut, V. t. (take out bowels) siaigj^ 
psiarg (B.) ; (plunder contents) 
ram pas; (destroy contents, as 
fire) liahis makan isi-iya. 

Guttapercha (gut-ta-per'cha), s. 

Gutter (gut'ter), s. alur, saluran,^ 
panchuran; (in S. S.) lorykaiy, 
which is properly a cesspool. 

Gutter, V. i. (as a candle) lilin 

Guttural (gut'ter-al), adj. deri- 
pada krorykorg, krorgkorg (a). 

Guy (gi), s. (Xaut.) gai (E.), 
hUhan, chaiykiryf (from mast- 
head for live ballast in small boat 
sailing) duyarg. 

Guzzle (guz'zl), V. i. lidor,^ chkek, 

yasak, pajoh* 
Gybe (jib), v. i. herkisar. 
Gymnasium (jim-na'zi-zmi), s. 

rumali hcrsnamr''' heryumol dan 

Gymnast (jim'nast), s. oraiy yarg 

pandai bersnam bergumol dan s- 

Gymnastics (jim-nas'tiks), s, HI- 

mil snam. 
Gypsy (jip'si), s. see gipsy. 

Ha (ha), int. icah. 

Haberdasher (hab'er-dash-er), s. 

ovary berkdai kain, orarg yatg 

buka kdai kain (B.). 
Habiliment (ha-biri-ment), s. pa- 

Habit (hab'it), s. 'adat, lazini 

(Ar.), rsam (Ar.). Eiding 

habit, pakaian prempuan mnurg- 

yary kuda. 
Habitable (-a-bl), adj. yarg boleh 

di-dudoki/'' yarg boleh buat tirg- 

gal (B.). 
Habitat (hab'i-tat), s. (of animals 

or plants) tmpat asal. 
Habitation (hab-it-a'slum), s. k- 

diamanj^' tmpat dudok,tmpatti)y- 

Habitual (hab-i'chu-al), adj. biam, 

kbiasaan, teradat, klaziman 

(Ar.), memaig, slaroli/^ 
Habitually (-li), adv. biasa-rya, 

Habituate (-at), v. t. biasakan. 
Hack (hak), v. t. paraiy, ttak, ta* 

kok, takek. A hacking cough, 

batok ta'lpas. 
Hack, s. (horse for all work) kuda 

lasak; (for hire) kuda sewa; (of 

carriages) kreta sewa. 
Hackney (hak'ni), a'dj. (for hire) 

sewa; (for common use) lasak. 
Hackney, v. t. pakai saryat-saiyat, 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferrj; ice, it, fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, ' 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Hades (ha'dez), s. *alam harzakh 

(Ar.), 'alam inaut (Ar.). 
Haft (haft), s. (handle) ulu;* 

(end of knife or chisel that fits 

into handle) putiiy. 
Hag (hag), s. prempuan tua odolij^ 

premptian tua yavg mul'a huroh 


Haggard (hag'gerd), adj. (hollow- 
eyed) mata chrgJcorg; (of the 
face) miiJia chrykrorg, muka chrg- 
koiy (B.), pipi knipot* plpi km- 
porg* pipi kmpus (B.). 

Haggle (hag'gl), v. i. tawar-mna- 

Hail (hal), s. hujan batu. 

Hail, int. (to kings) daulat (Ar.). 

Hail, V. i. (call loudly) triak, sru;* 
(come from) datarg d&i'i-pada. 

Hail, V. t. (shout to) laorg* ruah* 

Hailfellow (-fel'lo), s. handai-tau- 
Ian* sobat-ande (B.). 

Hailstone (-ston), s. s-biji hujan 

Hair (har), e. (of the head) ram- 
bot; (of the human body) bulu 
roma; (of animals) bulu; (of the 
mane) bulu trgkok. False hair 
(switch), chmara. Short hairs 
(on the forehead, etc.), anak 

Hairbreadth, (-bredth). s. s-ram- 
bot. A hairbreadth escape, rya- 
ris* mati, hampir mati, ryawa di 
hujorg rambot (Prov.). 

Hairbrush (-brush), s. brus kpdla, 
brus rambot. 

Hairdresser (-dres-er) e. (barber) 
tukarg chukor, tukarg guntirg; 
(for ladies) tukarg sarggul, tukarg 

Hairless (-les), adj. (of the head) 
gondol, botak, sulah}* (of the 
body) tiada berbulu. 

Hairpin (-pin), s. chuchok sarqgul, 
chuchok kundai* korek kupirg 

Hairsplitting (-split-ting), s. per- 

baniahan yarg halus-halus. 
Hairy (-i), adj. berbulu, bet- 

srtgam/^ srabut;* (of the face) 

Halberd (hal'berd), s. tombak p- 

tga/ivinan* (a spear of state). 
Halcyon (hal'si-on), s. raja udarg. 
Halcyon, adj. tn-arg. 
Hale (hal), adj. tgap, tgapsasa* 

sihat, sehat, bersehat. 
Hale, V. t. tarek, hela. 
Half (haf), s. s-ttgah, s-blah, s- 

paroh; (an indefinite portion) s- 

kraf. By halves, sparoh jalan. 

Two and a half, t^gah tiga.* 

Half a day, s-krat hari. 
Half -asleep (haf'-a-slep'), adj. ter- 

pikau-pikau* blum baigun btul. 
Half-brother (-bru^/i'er), s. (with 

the same father) saudara s-bapa; 
(with the same mother) saudara 

s-mak, saudara anjiig. 
Half-caste (-kasf), s. (of Malays) 

Jawi peranakan, Jawi pkan. 
Half cock (-kok'), v. t. chkahkan 

pmtek s-takok. 
Half -cooked (-kookt), adj. mntah, 

margkar* jlantah* biji limau* 

berhati lemo (B.), lagi berhati; 

see HARD. 
Half-deck (-dek'), s. (Naut.) 

lijggi, leper-leper, glumat. 
Half -grown (-gron'), adj. tigah 

Half-hearted (-hart'ed), adj. t^ 

war hail, kati kcliil, bachol* 

yap-yap* indah ta'indah (B.), 

bagi mau bagi ta'mau (B.). 
Half-mast (-mast'), s. s-krat tiarg, 

s-trgah tiarg. 
Half -moon (-moon'), s. bulan s- 

Half -open (o'pn), adj. terlargdh* 
Halfpenny (hil'pen-ni), s. s-trgah 

" penny " = 2 sen. 
Half ripe (haf'rip'), adj. mrgkal; 

(when the colour changes) kirau.* 

ate, ask, km, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin th^n. 




Halfway (-wa'), adv. (half the 
distance) sparoh jalan; (in the 
middle) di tryah; (partially) 
spar oh. 

Half-witted (-wit'tcd), adj. kurarg 
'ahal, Uyah tianj* 

Half-yearly (-yer'li), adj. *nam 
hulan s-lcali, tia'p-tiap 'nam hulan, 
s-trgah talnin s-hali. 

Hall (hawl), s. (public building) 
halai* halai-rotrj* dewan (Pers.) ; 
(entrance room of a house) ba- 
lai* sramhi; (mansion) rumah 

Hallelujah (hal-le-lu'ya), s. sgala 
puji bagi Allah = the Arabic ex- 
clamation Al hamdu 'l-illah. 

Halliard (hal'yerd), s. (Naut.) 
anjar (L.), bubutan. 

Hall-mark (hawl'mark), s. chap 
prgakuan atas mas-perak. 

Halioa (hal-16'), int. o'i, aise (B.) 
(E. I say), 

Halloo (hal-l5o'), v. i. trmlc, la- 

Hallow (hal'lo), v. t. (consecrate) 
kudushan* (Ar. qudus) ; (rever- 
ence) hormatkan, muliakan, t'a^ 
tlimkan (Ar.). 

Hallucination (hal-lu-si-na'sh-un) , 
s. (wandering of the mind) ssat 

Halo (hiVlo), 8. pagar bulan, kan- 
dorgan bulan. 

Halt (hawlt), v. i. (stop) berhnti, 
brenti (B.) ; (walk lamely) jalan 
temparg, jalan incharg-inchut. 

Halt, adj. tempaiy. 

Halt, s. perhntian, perhentian (B.). 

Halter (hawl'ter), s. tali pnambat 
kuda, tali kuda, tali kjai* sntaji* 

Halve (hav), v. t. blah dua, bhagi 
dua, potorg dua. 

Halves (havz), s. By halves, sparoh. 
To go halves, bhagi dua. 

Halyard (hal'yerd), s. (Naut.) 
anjar, bubutan. 

Ham (ham), s. palia binatary, kaki 
babi bersalai* babi hem (B.). 

Hamadryad (ham-a-dri'ad), s, ular 
tdory abu. 

Hamlet (ham'let), s. kamporg 
kchil, dusun.* 

Hammer (-mer), s. pukol bsi, ktok 
bsi, tukoV* bsi, pmukol bsi, inartul 
(N.I.) (Port.). 

Hammer, v. t. (forge) tmpa; 
(beat) pukol, titek. 

Hammock (-mok), s. ayunan* 
buaian* bo-boe (B.). 

Hammock-litter (-lifter), s. redi, 
iisoryan/- tandu.* 

Hamper (ham'per), 8. kranjarg, 
bakul, rantarg,*' krobok.* 

Hamper, v. t. (obstruct, embarrass) 
skatkan, tahankan, sar^kak. 

Hamstring (-string), s. urat k- 

Hamstring, v. t. ktirg* krat ktirg.* 

Hand (hand), s. (of man) targan, 
(of a clock) jarom; (hand's 
breadth) plmpapf (side, direc- 
tion) sblah; (workman) tukarg, 
kuli; (handwriting) tidisan, khat 
(Ar.) ; (control) prentah. At 
hand, dkat. Hand in hand, ber- 
stuju. Hands oS! Ipas! Hand 
to hand fighting, berklahi rapat- 
rapat, berprarg mndada.* In 
hand (of money) baki (Ar.) ; (in 
preparation) trgah di-buat. Note 
of hand, surat tanda taryan. Off 
hand, syra. On hand, hadlir 
(Ar.). To change hands, ber- 
tukar tuan. To clap the hands, 
bertpok taryan. To come to hand, 
sampai, tiba. To get one's hand 
in, biasakan diri, mahir (Ar.). 
To have a hand in, masok 
taryan, masok-champur dalam. 
To have one's hands full, bet- 
sibok. To get the upper hand, 
mnary. To lay hands on, targkap, 
rampas. To lend a hand, tolorg. 
To live from hand to mouth, kais 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror ; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry ; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

< hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




pagi makan pagi, I'ais ptarg ma- 
kan ptaig (Prov.). To take in 
liand, inula'i, jalankan. To wash 
the hands of, Ipaskan cliri deri- 

Hand, v. t. (pass, transmit) hulor- 
kan, soroig, unjokkan; (politely 
in asking a person to give) kiri- 
kan* To hand down (to one's 
children) psakakan. To hand 
over, srahkan. To hand round, 
idarkati* peridarkanJ^ 

Handbill (hand'bil), s. saklar (E. 

Handbreadth (-bredth), s. pirn- 
pap, plompap (B.), iahaliJ^^ 

Handcart (-kart), s. kreta soroiy, 
kreta tolak (B.). 

Handcuff (-kuf), v. t. pasonjkan. 

Handcuff, s. pasory, gari* (Hind. 

Handful (-fool), s. s-grggam; 
(when pressed) s-kpal. A hand- 
ful of men, sdikit orarg. Double 
handful (gripped), s-rargkum;^ 
(scooped up) s-raiip,^ s-jamhak.* 

Handicap (han'di-kap), s. per- 
hedaati yarg di-hri dalani per- 
lumhaan; (hindrance) gndala,* 
hhan;* (start in a race) ganda* 

Handicap, v. t. hratkan atas, tahan- 
kan, g?idaJakan* remhetkaiij^ 

Handicraft (-kraft), s. pertukargan. 

Handiwork (-Averk), s. pkerja'an 
targan, pkerjaan. 

Handkerchief (hang'ker-chif), s. 
sapu-tanjan, statgan* himpo (B.) 
(Ch. hln-po') ; see kerchief. 

Handle (han'dl), s. pmgojgan; (of 
a knife) idu;'-^ (of an axe, charg- 
kol, etc.) hatarg; (of a plough) 
iargkai; (across a bucket) pa- 
kau;* (of a pot) iargkai; (if two) 
tlbga, kupirg (B.) ; (of a door) 

Handle, v. t. (touch) jamali, jahat;"^ 
(hold) pgarg; (manage, use) 
pakai; (of buying and selling) 

jalankan, perniagakan; (treat) 

Handmaid (hand'mad), s. daija^g,^ 
orcug gaji prempuan (B.). 

Handrail (-ral), s. (of stairs) su- 
soran targga, pnigarg targga, 

Handsaw (-saw), s. gergaji targan. 

Handsome (han's?/m), adj. tarn-- 
pan;^ elok, molek, haik paras* 
/lebat, chrar^ (W.) ; (liberal) mw- 
rah liati. 

Handspike (-spik), s. (lever) 
pnuil* pryumpil; (capstan bar) 
(Xaut.) kayu putaran sauh. 

Handwriting (-ri-ting), s. tulisan, 
tidis targan, kliaV^ (Ar. khaT), 
hkas targan. 

Handy (-i), adj. (skilful) pandai, 
pantas; (near) lianipir,* dkat. 

Hang (hang), v. t. (with a rope) 
gantorg, gantorgkan; (on a hook 
or peg) sargkotkan; (on a rod or 
string) sidai/^ sainpaikan; (put 
to death) gantorgkan, kujut* 
To hang the head, tundok. To 
hang fire, Itop hertirggalan. 

Hang, V. i. (be suspended) her- 
gantorg; (as fruit, monkeys by 
their arms) gayut;"^ (dangle) 
kulai,'^ juntai, iimhai,'^ ampai^^ 
Impai.'^ To hang about (as a 
thief), imharg-imhaiy.^ To hang 
back, hertalian. To hang by the 
eyelids, hergantorg pada rambot s- 
hlai (Prov.). To hang down (as 
wings), klepek:^ To hang on, 
herpaut. To hang over, chondorg. 

Hangdog (hang'dog), s. orarg Una, 
orarg kji* 

Hanging (-ing), s. (against a wall) 
tahir;'^ (in doors, etc.) largsi; 
(curtain) tirai,* klambu. 

Hangman (-man), s. tukarg gan- 
toig orarg. 

Hangnail (-nal), s. soyah pryirat 

Hank (hangk), s. untiry.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, forry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, inin?/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




fianker (hang'ker), v. i. iigin; (of 
pregnant women) idam* miy- 
idam (B.). To hanker after, ka- 
li andahi/^ napsid'an (B.). 

^Hansom cab (ban'swm kab), s. 
s-jnis kreta seiva di nerjri Eng- 

;Hap (hap), v. i. (happen) jadi. 

Haphazard, s. At haphazard, ta'- 
tntu avail, ramhaiy. 

liapless (hap'ies), adj. malarg, ia'- 
heruntonj, sial. 

Haply (-li), adv. bamrgkali. 

-Happen (-pn), v. i. jadi; (turn 
out) daiaiy. To happen again, 
mndua-kaU.''^ I dont know how 
it liappened, 'ntah bgimana-kah 

Happily (-pi-li), adv. (fortunate- 
ly) untorg; (in a happy manner) 

Happiness (-pi-nes), s. hliagia 
(Sk.), ksukaan, suka-cliita,^ k- 
snargan; see below. 

Happy (-pi), adj. (fortunate) her- 
bhagia (Sk.) ; (joyous) hersuka- 
cliita* siika^ ria,^' suka-ria;-^ (con- 
tented) snarg hati. Happy-go- 
lucky, hertuakal (Ar. tawakkal). 

Harangue (ha-rang'), s. uchapan 
dtgan suara njarirg. 

Harass (har'as), v. t. (weary) 
pnatkan; (distress) susalii, susah- 
kan, usek; (molest) garggu* 

Harbinger (har'bin-jer), s. (fore- 
runner) prganjur.^^ 

Harbour (-ber), s. plabohaii, lahoh- 

Harbour, v. t. (afford lodging) 
tumpargkan; (shelter) Undorg- 
kan; (indulge, cherish, as 
thoughts) tar oh. 

Harbourmaster (-mas-ter), s. 
(Xaut.) shalihandar, komdor 

Hard (hard), adj. (firm, solid) 
kras; (very hard) kras mmhatu; 
(stiff) kaku, tgar;'^ (of cooked 

meat) kniyal; (of cooked rice) 
jlantah;* (of ijotatoes) hgar;* 
(of fruit) nuugkar;* (of the 
heart) kras, tgar* dgil; (dif- 
ficult) susali, sukar* payah; (of 
work) trok; (rough, harsh) kasar, 
kras. Hard and fast, (Naut.) 
tiada dapat hergrak. Hard la- 
])Our, kerja kras, kerja brat. 
Hard lines, lial yarg amat susah. 
Hard of hearing, brat tliiya,"^ 
pkak, brgal.'^ Hard on one's 
clothes, ganas pakai kain. Hard 
wood (heart), iras;'^ (of palms) 
riii/org.* See half-cooked. 

Hard, adv. (urgently) surggoh- 
siuggoli, drgaii rajin, drgan tkun; 
(vehement) kuat-kiiat; (of wind) 
kncliarg; (of rain) Ihat. Hard 
by, dkat. Hard over (Naut.), 
clikar. Hard up, ssak. 

Harden (hard'n), v. t. kraskan, 
kakukan; (strengthen) kuatkan; 
(as steel) spoil ; (the heart) tqar- 
kan;-^ kraskan; (the skin) blor.* 

Hard-featured (-fe'cherd), adj. 
riipa prrgus,^ bersut,'^ muka kasar 


Hardheaded (-hed'ed), adj. bijak,^ 

Hardiness (-i-nes), s. brani, k- 
branian, ktgolian, kkuatan. 

Hardihood (-i-hood), s. (boldness) 
brani, perkasa (Sk.) ; (impu- 
dence) kkuraigan bliasa, kurarg 
ajar (B.). borgkak.* 

Hardly (-li), adv. (with difficulty) 
susah, sukar,* payah; (scarcely) 
bharu; (not quite) ta'sampai; 
(severely) susah, digan kras. 

Hardness (-nes), s. kkrasan, ktgar- 
an ;* see hard. 

Hardpan (-pan'), s. batu hampar.* 

Hardship (-ship), s. (privation) 
ksumhan, k.^sak'an, kpichek'an;'^ 
(injury) bncliana, aniaya. 

Hardware (-war), s. perkakas deri- 
pada bsi tmbaga dan s-bagai-rya. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minits, cure, injure * 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Hardy (-i), adj. (bold) hrani, ga- 

gah; (firm, strong) igoh, huat. 
Hare (Mr), arnab (Ar.), see rab- 

Harelip (har'lip), s. hihir s-umhirg, 

hibir rabit. 
Harebrained (-brand), adj. Icpala 

Harem (har'cm), s. (the dwelling) 
impat hdiaman bagi prcmpuan; 
(the women) sgala istri dan gun- 
dele s'orarg Islam; (of a raja) isi 

Hark (hark), int. dtgar-lah. 

Haricot (har'i-ko), s. dagitg rbus. 
Haricot beans, biji Icacharg pen- 

Harlequin (har'le-kwin), s. orarg 
klakar; (in tlie ma' y org) pran* 

Harlot (-lot), s. sundal, prempuan 
jalarg, prempuan jaliat, lohi (Ch. 
l6'-hi), prempuan loki. 

Harlotry (-ri), s. persundalan. 

Harm (harm), s. (injury) bnchana, 
clhlaka, chdra (Sk.), mudlarat 
(Ar.) ; (loss) rugi; (misfortune) 
l-malaigan. To do no harm to, 
tiada prgajjahan* 

Harm, v. t. buat bnchana, bnchana- 
han, chdrahan* bri mudlarat 
(Ar.), rugikan, datargkan rugi, 
rosakkari, sakiti.* 

Harmful (harm'fool), adj. yarg 
mmh'uat bnchana, etc., as above. 

Harmless (-les), adj. yarg tiada 
mnibuat bnchana, etc., as above. 

Harmonics (har-mon'iks), s. 'ilmu 

Harmonious (har-mo'ni-ws), adj. 
berstuju, srasi; (living in peace) 
bersntosa,* bersjahtra (Sk.), s- 
kata, satu hati; (of sounds) mer- 
du* sajak (Av. saj'a), s-tala. 

Harmonium (-wm), s. armunian 
(E.), organ (E.). 

Harmonize (har'mon-iz), v. t. per- 
stujukan, padankan, talakan. 

Harmony (-i), s. (agreement) per- 
dnjuan; (concord) sjahtra (Sk.),, 
aman (Ar.) ; (of music) sajak 
(Ar. safa), tala.* 

Harness (har'nes), s. pakaian kuda,. 
abah-abah (Jav.). To die in 
harness, mati terdiri. 

Harness, v. t. (with armour) Zry- 
kapkan;* (horses) pakai. 

Harp (harp), s, (in the Bible trans- 
lation) kclmpi, properly a lute. 

Harp, V. i. ptek kchapi; (repeat 
tediously) ularg^datg. 

Harpoon (har-poon'), s. (Naut.) 
(with one point) sruit, pnerok; 
(two points) piarit; (three points) 
sramparg; (with an iron point) 
impulirg; (with a line) tohoky 

Harpoon, v. t, (Naut.) terok, sram- 
parg, tmptdiig, tohok. 

Harpy (har'pi), s. puntianak, tvil- 
mana (Sk.). 

Harrier (har'ri-er), s. s-jnis anjinj 

Harrow (har'ro), s. sikat, sisir„ 

Harrow, v. t. sikat, 

Harry (-ri), v. t. (pillage) rampas, 
samon, jarahf also = harass, q. v. 

Harsh (harsh), adj. (to the touch) 
ksat, krutu* mrggrutu (B.) ; (to 
the taste) Mat, prat;* (to the ear) 
garau,* parau,* srak; (severe, 
rough) brgi^, kras. 

Harshness (-nes), s. kkrasan, etc., 
see above. 

Hart (hart), s. rvsa jantan. 

Harum-scarum (har'-wm-skar'wm), 
adj. kpala-argin. 

Harvest (bar' vest), s. (the act of 
gathering) pnuaian;* (the season) 
mnsim mnuai,* mv^im potorg 
padi (B.) ; (crop) perolehan,* 

Harvest, v. t. (grain) pototg, tiiai* 
ktam., sabit; (fruit) ptek, purgut; 
(pepper, coffee, etc.) kuiip. 

ftte, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Hash (hash), v. t. chncharg, chin- 
charg (B.), hiris, cha'irg* 

Hasp (hasp), s. hohot MincL* 

Haste (hast), s. gopoh, sgra, chpat, 
Ikas, dras. 

Hasten (has'n), v. d, gopoh, sgra, 
golot-golot* gsa^gsa.* 

Hasten, v. t. bavjathan,'^ sgraJcan, 
Ikaskan, gopohkan. 

Hastily (has'ti-li), adv. hargat- 
hargat* gopoh-gopoh, terhochoh- 
kockoh, golot-golot,* gsa-gsa* 

Hasty (-ti), adj. gopoh, hargat,* 

Hat (hat), s. topi (Hind.), hopiah, 
chpiau* (Port.) ; (native sun hat 
of leaves) trendah; see cap. 

Hatblock (-blok), a, kalhut* 

Hatch (hach), v. t, (sit on e<^gs) 
hram, 'ram,"^ rnrgram; (plot, con- 
coct) adakan, jadika7i. 

Hatch, v. i. tfas* mntas (B.). 

Hatch, s, (brood) prindun* 

Hatch, 8. (N^aiit) palkah (L.), 
tutop gladah. 

Hatchet (-et), s. patil,* kapok. 

Hatchway (-wa), s. (Xaut.) pal- 

Hate (hat), v. t. hnchi, gteh.^- 

Hate, s. kbnchian. 

Hateful (hat'fool), adj. kbnchian, 
makroh (Ar.). 

Hatred (ha'tred), s. kbnchian, 

Hatstand (hat'stand), s. pryargkot 

Hatter (-ter), s. tukarg topi. 

Haughtiness (haw'ti-nes), s. som- 
borg, chorgkak, takbur (Ar.). 

Haughty (-ti), adj. somborg, chorg- 
kak, takbtir (Ar.). 

Haul (bawl), v. t. tarek, hcla, seret, 
heret,* nintun. To haul over the 
coals, chercha,"^ herdek.* To haul 
down (sails), turvnkan. 

Haul, s. (act of hauling) hal m- 
narek, etc.; (that which is caught, 
as fisli) targkapan. 

Haulm (hawm), s, baturg sayur 
yarg krirg. 

Haunch (hawnch), s. pargkal paha. 

Haunt (hawnt), v. t. (frequent) 
nlargi,* ulaig-ularg (B.), slaroh.* 
To be haunted (by ghosts), ber- 
hantu, berpvaka. 

Haunt, s. tmpab berkumpol, tmpat 

Have (hav), v. t. (possess) &er- 
oleh,* pimja'i,* ada (B.), mileki;* 
(get possession of) dapat; (as an 
auxiliary verb) sudah, tlah.* To 
have a care, jaga, in/at. To have 
done with, habis pakai, ta'pakai 
lagi. To have it out, katakan trus 
trarg. To have on, pakai. To 
have to, ta' dapat tiada, wajih 
(Ar.). He had to sit down, mait, 
ta'mau dudok-lah ia. To have 
(possess) is also expressed by the 
prefix her-, as, berbini, to have a 

Haven (ha'vn), s. (harbour) laboh- 
an, plabohan; (shelter) plindorg- 

Haversack (hav'er-sak), s. bok- 
cha (Turk.), uncharg.* 

Havoc (hav'ok), s. kromk'an. To 
make havoc of, rosakkan. 

Haw (haw), v. i. gagap.* 

Hawk (hawk), s. burorg larg. 

Hawk, V. i. (clear phlegm from the 
throat) berkahak. 

Hawk, V. t. jaja. 

Hawker (-er), s. pnjaja. 

Hawse hole (hawz hoi), s. (Naut.) 
orlap (E,), lobarg rantai sauh. 

Hawser (-er), s. (Naut.) tali bsar, 
tali pnonda, tali pndarat. 

Hawthorn (haw' thorn), s, pokoh 
b^rduri yaig dir-buat pagar di Ero^ 

Hay (ha), s. rumput krirg. 

Hazard (haz'erd), s. (chance) un- 
torg, nasib (Ar.) ; (danger) bahya, 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, ciire, injure, 

hurry; f5od, foot, awfool (a>7ful)j law, how, oil; thin then. 




Hazard, v. t. l:na bahya, datarglcan 
bahj/a, masol' bahj/a. To hazard 
one's life, biiaxj iyawa. 

Hazardous {-us), adj. berbahya. 

Haze (Mz), s. I'abot, 'mbun asap. 

Hazy (-i), adj. berl'obot, ha- 
bus* mmbaJam;* (confused, of 
thought) hlam-lcahot. 

He (he), pron. ia* dia; (in court 
language, when speaking of in- 
feriors) paclial.* He-goat, ham- 
buy jantan. 

Head (hed), s. (in general) Jcpala; 
(human) kpala, batu Jcpala,'^' 
jmala;* (of a king) nlu;* (of a 
boil) punat, mata bisul; (of a 
nail) payoty;* (chief, leader) Ti- 
pala, pryhulu; (of a family) A-- 
tua; (of a coin) kpala, ibuf 
(understanding) 'alial, irgatan; 
(subdivision of a topic) bliagian, 
bab (Ar.) ; (cluster of flowers) 
taiyl-ai. From head to foot, slii' 
roh tiiboh* satu badan (B.). 
Head sea, ombak deri lialiian. 
Neither head nor tail, tiada hnjorg 
parykah t'ada Icpala buntut (B.). 
Head wind, (Xaut.) aiyiti sakal. 
Over head and ears in debt, liii' 
targ berhredal'. To lose one's 
head, naik biiyory. To make head 
against, law an, sorgsorg. To 
strike one's head against, antolclmn 
Jvpala k-* agolhan kpala A;-;* 
(another's head) sugunkan kpala 
k-;* (push down) tumuskan kpala 
k-* Head downwards, turggarg, 
sunjam.* I'o hold head down- 
wards, twygargkan. Head over 
heels, turggaig-balek. To play 
heads or tails, main lerap* main 
sampak* main kpala binga. 

Head, adj. kpala, kiiia. 

Head, v. t. kpalakan, dhvlui* To 
head for, tuju. To head off, pin- 

Headache (hed'ak), s. sakit kpala: 
(of kings) grirg ulu* 

Headcloth (-klawth), s. tigkolok,*" 

bularg ulu,* dstar (Pers.), sigar.'^ 
Headdress (-dres), s. (of women)" 

perhiasan kpala. 
Header (-er), s. To take a header,. 

tcrj'un kpala dhulii. 
Headfirst (-ferst'), adv. kpala dhu^ 

III, iertorggerg. 
Headgear . (-ger), s. perhiasan A-- 

Headhunting (-luiut-ing), s. ka- 

Heading (-ing), s. (of a letter) Jc- 
pala sural; (division of a writing) 

Headland (-land), s. tanjoiy, hujorg 

tan all. 
Headless (-les), adj. terpanchory 

kpala,* tiada berkpala. 
Headlight (-lit), s. (of a train or 

car) api j/arg mnjulok. 
Headlong (-long), adv. (of a fall) 

t u rggarg-la rgga rg, lin ta rg-pukarg,. 

tertumus, iertorggerg, smbam; 

(hastily) tergopoh-gopoh. To- 
run headlong, lari sunjkor-sargkar^ 
Headman (-man'), s. kpala, ktua^ 

prghulu, oratg bsar, batin;* (N^ 

I.) pigeran, dipati, pmbarap, kria.. 
Headpiece (-pes), s. (head) kpala; 

(understanding) 'akal; (helmet) 

Headquarters (-kwar'terz), s. tm- 

pat kdiaman pmrentah soldado,*' 

tmpat kluar prentah. 
Headsman (hedz'm«n), s. oraiy 

pnndas* pertanda* 
Headstrong (hed'strong), adj. kras 

kpala, biiyal,* tgar,* dgil. 
Headway (-wa), s. (progress) k- 

majuan;* (sufficient height under 

an arch) cliukop tirggi. To make 

headway, maju,* lajak. 
Head work (-werk), s. pkerja'an 

drgan ofak. 
Heady (-i), adj. (wilful) kras k^ 

pala, dgil: (intoxicating) mabok^ 

khamir (Ar.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferrv; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fdod, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Heal (liel), v. i. smhoh* htali/^^ jadi 
haik (B.) ; (persons or limbs, but 
not used of wounds or diseases) 

Heal, Y. t. (diseases) ohatkan, sm- 
hoh;^ (persons) smhohlan* pu- 
lehkan, bri sehat (Ar. siTrinat) ; 
(dissensions) damaikan/^ haikl'an 

Health (helth), s. seliat (Ar. siH- 
'Rat), 'afat ( Ar. ) . Health ofiBcer, 
pgatrai ksehatan.'^ 

Healthful (-fool), adj. (healthy) 
ryaman/^ sgar; (promoting health) 
yarg mmhri seliat, yarg sgarhan. 

Healthy (-i), adj. (of persons) lya- 
man,^' sgar, seliat, hersehat (B.) ; 
(of plants) sub or; (of places) 
haica baik. 

Heap (hep), s. timbonan, tompok, 
torggok,* lambak, loiygok. 

Heap, V. t. timbonkan, tompokkan, 
etc., as above. To heap up (as 
grain), mo nib org. 

Hear (her), v. t. drgar; (listen, pay 
attention) drgar, bri tlirgaf (ac- 
cede to) lidiiskan,* kabulkari/'' 
(Ar. qahnl)y ikutkan (B.). 

Hear, v. i. drgar. 

Hearing (-ing), s. pnrgaran. To 
obtain a hearing, di-bri mrg- 

Hearken (hark'n), v. i. digar. 

Hearsay (her'sa), s. kliabar orarg, 
brita,* orarg putya cliakap (B.). 
Hearsay evidence, ksaksian kha- 
baran orarg. 

Hearse (hers), s. (carriage) kreta 
oraig rnati; (framework over the 
body) kranda,"^ lorg;* (bier) 

Heart (hart), s. (organ circulating 
blood) jantorg; (seat of the affec- 
tions) liati, kalbu (Ar.) ; (centre, 
of a tree) tras;* (of a country, 
etc.) trgali; (spirit, courage) sing- 
goli liati; (the symbol, as an play- 
ing cards) daim Ikok;* (vital part. 

essen(?e) pati. At heart, bath/^' 
(Ar. baTin). By heart, hapaV-' 
(Ar. liafadl), liiar kpala (B.).. 
Heart and soul, s-surggoh liati. 
To break the heart, rosakkan haii,. 
lianchorkan liati. To have at 
heart, kaliandaki. To not have 
the heart to, tiada sampai hati 
mail. To have the heart in the 
mouth, liilarg smaiyat. To lose 
heart, liikug brani, fa war liati.. 
To lose one's heart to, jatoli liati 
k'pada, cliinta, 'ashek (Ar.),. 
brahi.'^ To set the heart at rest, 
snargkan liati. To set the heart 
upon, irgin, rindu. To take heart 
of grace, branikan liati. To take 
to heart, berchintakan,^ makan di 
hati. To wear one's heart on 
one's sleeve, baka rahsia sndiri. 
With all one's heart, drgan surg- 
goh liati, diyan s-bulat hati. 
Half-hearted work, kerja sambi- 

Heartache (hart'ak), s. sdeli di 

Heartbroken (-bro'kn), adj. han- 
char hati, rosak-hati, pchaii hati. 

Heartburn (-bern), s. pdeh hati.^ 

Hearten (-n), v. t.iranikaii hati. 

Heartfelt (-felt), adj. suiggoh hati. 

Hearth (harth), s. dapur. 

Hearthstone (-ston), s. batu dapur, 
turgku;^ turgku dapur. 

Heartily (hart'i-li), adv. drgan 
Slug goh hati, dnjan rajin. 

Heartless (-les), adj. (spiritless) 
taicar hati, dry an iasrruuyat 
(B.) ; (without affection) tiadix 
mnaroli kaseh, bigis. 

Heartrending (-rend-ing), adj. 
yaig mnjlianchorkan hati. 

Heartshaped (-shapt), adj. rupa 
daun Ik ok, rupa jantorg. 

Heartsick (-sik), adj. gondali-gau- 

Heartwood (-wood), s. tras."^ 

Hearty (-i), adj. (cordial) surggoh 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mint^s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




hati, tulus hati; (zealous) rajin; 
(healthy) sehat, bersehat (B.). 
A liearty laugh, tertawa glak- 
glak* tertawa mrgglalcak (B). A 
hearty meal, makan kmyary. 
Hale and hearty, sehat dan 'afiat 
(Ar.), haik badan (B.). 
Meat (het), s. panas, hangat;* (ra- 
diant heat) baliayg; (a feeling of 
bodily heat or passion) radmg; (of 
rage) gmberaj* (sexual) biarg, 
miaig (B.) ; (of fever) pijar;'^ 
{slight fever) ddar. Prickly heat, 
%uam panas, ruam panas. A dead 
heat, sri. See hot. 
Tieat, v. t. panasJcan, hargatkan; 
(before a fire) gatygarg; (over a 
fire) paiggarg; (in tlie smoke) 
salai;* (to cause perspiration) 
Heat, V. i. mnjadi panas. 
.Heath (heth), s. (a plant) lazan 
(Ar.) ; (waste land) padarg tku- 
'Heathen (he'thn), s. (pagan) oraig 
kafir; (irreligious person) oratg 
tiada beragama. 
'Heathenish (-ish), adj. (barbar- 
ous) kasar, brgis, kurarg ajar. 
Heathenism (-tzm), s. agama orarg 

".Heave (hev), v. t. (lift, raise) arg- 
kat; (throw) lempar, lontar. To 
heave up (Naut.), abis. To heave 
up an anchor, borgkar sauh. To 
heave taut (N"aut.), rgargkan. 
To heave short (Naut.), tudirgkan 
sauh. To heave the lead (Naut.), 
bnarg prum (K), bvaig dug a. To 
heave the log (Naut.), buarg ikan- 
ikan. To heave a sigh, kloh* tarek 
nafas ( B. ) . To heave to ( Naut. ) , 
Heave, v. i. (rise and fall) atorg- 
atorgj* (of the breast) berdgap.* 
To heave in sight, nampak, tam- 
Heaven (hev'n), s. (the sky) largit. 

a rgkasa ( Sk. ) , ch akrawaJa ( Sk. ) ; 
(place of Deity) shorga (Sk.) ; 
(of the Hindus) k'indra'an* 
kyatgan;* (the lower regions, in 
which birds fly) udara. 

Heavenly (-li), adj. yarg deri shor- 
ga, shorga (a). The heavenly 
bodies, matahari-btdan-bintarg. 

Heaviness (hev'i-nes), s. brat, k- 

Heavy (-i), adj. brat; (heavy for 
its size, of high specific gravity) 
antap;* (of rain and crops) Ibat; 
(hard to bear, grievous) susah, 
payah; (of sleep) lena,^ llap, 
Inryak* ryadar;* (of the eyes) 
7nata kuyu* mata layu, mata 
ralip* Heavy laden (of ships), 

Hebrew (he'broo), s. oraiy Ibrani* 
orarg YaJmdi, ora^g Jaudij bhasa 
Yahudi, bhasa J audi. 

Heddle (hed'dl), s. (in weaving) 

Hedge (hej), s. pagar anak kayu; 
(of bamboo) pagar buloh* pagar 
bambu (B.) ; (of a certain thorny 
tree) pagar ddap* pagar chigkrirg. 

Hedge, v. t. pagarkan. To hedge in 
(protect), lindorgkan; (surround) 

Hedgehog (-hog), s. landak. 

Heed (bed), v. t. (mind) irgat, 
pdulikan; (take notice of) per- 
hatikan, indahkan. 

Heed, s. To take heed, give heed to, 
irgat, etc., as above. 

Heedless (-les), adj. kurarg irgat, 
kurarg jaga, aJpa,* lalai, drgan 
tiada hirau.-^ 

Heel (hel), s. tumit. Head over 
heels, lintarg-pukarg , turggarg- 
laiggarg, ttirggarg-balek. To take 
to one's heels, argkat kaki. To 
walk on one's heels, jalan ber- 

Heel, V. i. (Naut) serget, seivderg, 

ate, aBk, 5,m, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minti«, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin i^jen. 




Hegira (he-ji'ra or liej'i-ra), s. hij- 
rah (Ar.). 

Heifer (hef'er), s. analc Imhu htina. 

Height (hit), s. tirggi, ktirggian; 
(utmost degree) hsaigatan; (sum- 
mit) hmunchak, merchiL* 

Heighten (hit'n), v. t. (raise, ele- 
vate) tirggihan, naikl'an; (in- 
crease, intensify) IhehJcan, tarn- 

Heinous (ha'nws), adj. Tchnchian, 
jahat skalL 

Heir (ar), s. waris (Ar. ivarith). 
Heir to the throne, hakal raja* 

Heiress (ar'es), s. waris prempvxin. 

Heirloom (ar'lo5m'), s. pusaka, 

Hell (hel), s. nraka, jahannam, laut 
api. Gambling hell, tmpat judi, 
logok judi. 

Helm (helm), s. (Naut.) kmudi; 
(tiller) pakra kmudi. 

Helmet (hel'met), s. (defensive) 
ktoporg;* (sun hat) topi (Hind.). 

Helmsman (helmz'man), s. (Naut.) 

Help (help), v. t. (assist) tolorg, 
bantu; (by supporting) sokorg; 
(prevent) tahankan, tgahkan. I 
cannot help it, how can I help it? 
apa holeh huat. I cannot help 
doing it, ta'holeh tidak sahya huat. 
I cannot help laughing, ta'dapat 
sahya mnahan tertawa, mau ta- 
mau msti tertawa (B.). 

Help, s. pertolorgan, hantuan. 

Helpful (-fool), adj. ya^y mnolorg, 
herguna, herfa'idah. 

Helpless (-les), adj. (weak, feeble) 
Irnah, dlaif (Ar.) ; (unable to 
help one's self) tiada berdaya, 
tiada daya-upaya;* (irremedi- 
able) tiada icrtgah* tiada ter- 

Helpmate (-mat), b. (helper) pm- 
bantu; (a wife) kawan, ahli 

Helpmeet (-met), s. same as above. 

Helter-skelter (hel'ter-skel'ter) , 
adv. turgganj-larggarg, lintarg-pu- 
kaig, puntarg-pantirg , berpchah- 
blali, mra-bara* tersra-sra* 

Helve (helv), s. (of an ax) ulu* 

Hem (hem), s. (the sound) daham. 

Hem, V. i. (make the sound) ber^ 

Hem, s. (border of a garment) klim^ 
lipat (B.) ; see seam. 

Hem, V. t. (sew the edge) klim, m- 
rgliiri. To hem in, kporg. Hem- 
ming (the stitch), sembat,* kra^ 
warg* Hemstitching, klim trus^ 

Hemisphere (hem'i-sfer), s. s-blah 
dunia, s-blah bulatan* 

Hemlock (-lok), s. shaukaran 

Hemorrhage (hem'or-rej), s. tum-^ 
pahan darah, lelehan darah. 

Hemp (hemp), s. (the fibre) rami; 
(the drug) ganja. 

Hen (hen), s. ayam btina; (before 
it lays) ayam dara; (after) ibu 

Hence (hens), adv. (from this- 
place) deri sini; (from this time) 
deii-vadu masa ini* Ipas, lagi; 
(for this reason) sbab ini, sbab itu. 
Three days hence, Ipas tiga hari, 
tig a hari lagi. 

Henceforth (-forth'), adv. deri- 
pada jnasa ini* mula'i deri-pada 
masa ini* deri tempo ini (B.). 

Henchman (hench'man), s. sakai,* 
prgirirg* kundarg* tman. 

Hencoop (hen'koop), s. serkap- 
ayam, sargkar ayam. 

Henhouse (-hows), s. rban, rban 

Henna (-na), s. inai. 

Henpeck (-pek), v. t. To be hen- 
pecked, berkmudi di haluan* jadi 
baisikal* terlalu banjak makan 
trunjok hini (B.). 

Her (her), pron. ia* dia, dia punfa. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, firOj^. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




-tya (prempuan). Hers, dia pu- 

tya. See she. 
Herald (her'ald), s. Intara (Sk.) ; 

( f r e rii 11 ne r ) pnja nju r. * 
Herald, v. t. I'habarkan, hritahan.^ 
Heraldry (-ri), s. 'ilmu silasilah 

Herb (herb), s. sajjur, rumput, 

Herbage (lierb'ej), s. satjur-sm/ur- 

an, rumput, tanam-tanaman, 

Herculean (lier-ku-le'an), s. amat^ 

bsar, amat'^ susah, terlalu bsar 

Herd (herd), s. (of cattle) Itawan,^ 

I'uinpolan (B.) ; (rabble) orarg 

hina-dina,'^ chkiial' oraiy sam- 

sercj (B.) (Ch. cliit-lcoali). 
Herd, v. i. (as cattle) herJcawan,* 

herkumpol (B.). To herd to- 

ge th er, berhrumnn . 
Herdsman (herdz'man), s. gom- 

hala, gmhala. 
Here (her), adv. sini^ di sini; (at 

this time) skararg. Here and 

there, sana sini, h-sana h-mari. 
Here. int. nali. 
Hereabouts (her'a-bowts'), adv. 

dlat sini. 
Hereafter (her-aft'er), adv. Jcm- 

dian, deri-pada masa ini,* hlakarg- 

l-ali (N.I.) (B.). 
Hereafter, s. liari Tcmdian, akliirat. 
Hereat (-at'), adv. shah ini. 
Hereby (-bf), adv. oleli itu, oleli 

ini, drgan ini. 
Hereditary (he-red'i-ta-ri), adj. 

psaJca, pusaka, saka* saka-baka ;^ 

(of disease) baka. Hereditary es- 
tate, herta psaka, tanah psaka. 

Hereditary enemies, stru* turun- 

timirun, nnisoh turun4imirun. 
Herein (her-in'), adv. dalani ini, 

sbab ini, oleli ini. 
Hereof (-of or -ov'), adv. deri-pada 

ini, deri-lial perkara ini. 
Heresy (her'e-si), s. hid' ah (Ar.). 

Heretic (-tik), s. orarg bid' ah 

Heretofore (her'too-for), adv. d- 

hnlu, sanipai skararg. 
Herewith (-with'), adv. drgan ini, 

bserta drgan ini, bersama-sama 

Heritage (her'it-ej), s. psaka, pu- 

saka, heria psaka. 
Hermaphrodite (her-mafro-dit), 

s. orarg papak,^ oraig banchi,* 

khuntha (Ar.). 
Hermeneutics (her-me-nu'tiks), s. 

'iJmu tafsir (Ar.). 
Hermetically (her-met'i-kal-li), 

adv. (by fusion) di-lbur, di-tuarg. 

Hermetically sealed, di-tutop 

diyan di-lbur, di-ptrikan. 
Hermit (her'mit), s. orarg pertapa. 

Hermit crab, umarg-umarg. 
Hermitage (-ej), s. pertapa' an, 

tnipat bertapa. 
Hernia (her'ni-a), s. burut.^^ 
Hero (her'6), s. oraig pahlawan 

(Pers.), oraig perkasa (Sk.), orarg 

peririra (Sk.), anak laki-laki. 
Herod (her'od), s. raja Herodis. 
Heroic (her-o'ik), adj. perwira- 

perkasa (Sk.), pahlawan (Pers.). 
Heroine (her'6-in), s. prempuan, 

perkasa (Sk.). 
Heroism (herVizm), s. perkasa 

(Sk.), brani. 
Heron (her'-wn), s. buroty baigau, 

burorg kntala;'* (the purple heron) 

bur org puchorg; (a large species) 

burorg rarggoig.* 
Herring (her'ring), s. s-jnis ikan di 

Eropah, rupa-iya sperti ikan km- 

Herringbone (-bon), adj. Herring- 
bone pattern, puchok rborg. Her- 
ringbone stitch, sikii kluaig, biku- 

Hers (herz), pron. see her. 
Herself (her-self ) pron. ia* sndiri. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ivrry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, miuHS, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




dia sndiri, diri-nja, sndiri-iya 

{ prem puan) . 
Hesitate (hez'i-tat), v. i. yap-yap,* 

giap-giap'^ {\y.), hata-hata,* sgan, 

himhaig; (in speech) gagap/^ ga- 

goh (B.). 
Hesitation (-ta'sli?m), s. hbimharg- 

an Itati, gamam;^ khata-hataan/^ 
Heterodox (het'er-o-doks), adj. 

yarg tiada htul iman-rya.* 
Heterodoxy (-i), s. prgajamn yaiy 

mnjalahi sliari'at (Ar.). 
Heterogeneous (-ge'ni-i/s)^ adj. 

herjuis-jnis, lerlain-lainan, lain- 

Hew (Im), yA. (with an ax) ia- 

m/i;* (with a chisel) paliat; 

(hack, chop) pamrg, ttaJc. Hew 

down, tharg; (small growth) 

thas. Hew off, I'rat, piggal,"^ 

pancliorg; (of branches) tutoh.^ 
Hexagonal (heks-ag'o-n«I), adj. 

'nam persgi, herbucliu* 'nam. 
Hey (ha), int. hai, o'i. 
Heyday (ha'da), s. masa Isnka'an, 

masa suka-riaj^' tempo ksuka'an 


Hezekiah (hez-e-ki'a), s. raja Hiz- 

Hiatus (hi-a'tz/s), s. (aperture, 
cha-sm) clilali; (space where some- 
thing is missing) tmpat hosoig, 

Hibernate (hi'ber-nat), v. i. m- 
7iahun* pada musim dirgin. 

Hibernian (hi-ber'ni-an), adj. = 

IRISH, q. Y. 

Hibiscus (hT-bis'kz<s), s. hurga raya. 

Hiccough (hik'kup), s. sdu. '' 

Hidden (hid'dn), adj. tersmhutyi, 
tersnihiuyet (B.), siiUf* hatin* 
(Ar. hciTin). 

Hide (hid), v. i. smhuryi, smbunjet 
(B.), 'bersmbinyi, slindorg, slu- 
hotg, sorok* sroh (B.), sulit;* see 
DISGUISE. Hide and seek, 7nain 
smhunji, main clikop puyoli,* main 

Hide, V. t. smhuryikan, slindotgkan, 
duborgkan; (under something) 
susopkan* sorokkan/^ srokkan 
(B.) ; (keep secret) rahsiakan; 
(shelter) lindorgkan; (cover up) 

Hide, s. (undressed) blularg;"^ 
(dressed) kulit samak.* 

Hideous (hid'i-ws), adj. bm^ok rupa, 
odoli,^' liaiban (Ar.). 

Hiding place (hid'ing plas), s. 
tmpat bersmbuiyi, tmpat sulit.'^ 

Hierarchy (hi'er-ark-i), s. prentah 
a gam a. 

Hieroglyphic (hi'er-o-glif'ik), s. tu- 
lisan bergambar; (magic diagram) 

Higgle (hig'gl), v. i. see haggle. 

Higgledy-piggledy (hig'gl-di-pig'- 
gl-di), adv. klam-kabot, lintaig- 
pukarg, kachau-birau* rarggas.* 

High (hi), adj. (lifted up, tall) 
linjgi; (distinguished) mulia; (of 
rank) berpaigkat; (of waves) 
bsar; (of wind) kncliarg, bsar; 
(of price) mahal; (of the voice) 
sri!)g* lansiig;'^ (of smell) ber- 
ban. High and dry (of a ship 
on a beach), kkriigan, tersadai.'^ 
High day, hai^i bsar, hari raya. 
High life, orarg berbaigsa. High 
living, makpn ladzat (Ar.), blanja 
kasar (B.). High noon, trgah 
hari rmbarg,"^ ttgah hari treh 
(B.). High priest, imam bsar. 
High school, skolah tirggi, skolah 
bsar (B.). On the high seas, di- 
ttgah lautan. High tide, pasarg 
pnoh. High time, sudah sampai 
waktu-iya. High treason, derhaka 
k-pada raja. High water, pasarg 
pnoh. High-water mark, tikas* 
bakat.'^ With a high hand, drgan 
kras, dtrjan gagah. 

High, adv. tirggi. High and low 
(everywhere), s-rata-rata tmpat, 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




High-flown (hi'flon), adj. yarg 

High-handed (-hand'ed), adj. prg- 

aniaya, ilalim (Ar.). 
Highland (hi'land), s. tanah gu- 

7iorga7i* tanah bukit. 
Highlander (-er), s. ora7g huhit, 

terutama* di negri Scotland, 
Highly (lii'li), adj. amat* sargat, 

Highminded (-mind'ed), adj. Jiati 

Highness (-nes), s. (loftiness) Hirg- 

gian. His Highness, yarg mafia 

mulia, h-batvah dull. Your High- 
ness (to a ruling prince) tuan-hu; 

(to other princes) trghu. 
Highroad (-rod), s. jalan ray a* 

jalan tsar. 
High-seasoned (-se'znd), adj. pdas, 

yarg baryak rmpah-rmpah. 
High-sounding (-sownd'ing), adj. 

somhorg, bsar-bsar. 
High-spirited (-spir'it-ed), adj. 

High-strung (-strung), adj. lam- 

pas* Ikas berrasa.* 
Highway (-wa), s. jalan raya, jalan 

Highwayman (-man), s. piyamon, 

Hilarious (hi-lar'i-'ws), adj. prgilai,'^ 

m,igglakak (B.). 
Hilarity (hi-lar'i-ti), s. ilai/^ ter- 

iawa glak-glak, tertawa glakak 


Hill (hil), s. (in order of height) 
bukit, chargkat,* borggol,* per- 
matarg;'^ marggul,* poigsu.* Hill 
paddy, padi ladarg, padi bukit. 

Hillock (hir?ik), s. bonfgol,* marg- 
gul,* porgsu* bukit kchil (B.) ; 
(raised by white ants) busut, 
pusu * 

Hillside (hil'sid'), s. churaman bu- 
kit, tpi bukit. 

Hilltop (hirtop), s. kmunchak bur- 
kit, puchok bukit (N.I.). 

Hilly (-i), adj. bcrbukit; (uneven) 

Hilt (hilt), s. ulu* pdarg, ulu* kris. 
Him (him), pron. ia,* dia (laki- 

laki) ; see he. i 

Himself (him-self), pron. ia* sn^ 

diri, dia sndin, diri-rya, sndin-rya,. 

kndiri-nja (N.I.) (laki-laki). 
Hind (hind), s. rusa btina. 
Hind, adj. blakarg. 
Hinder (hind'er), adj. blakaig. 

Plinder part, balek; (of a ship) 

Hinder (hin'der), v. t. (keep back) 

tahan, tgah; (obstruct) skat, sarg^ 

kot, gndalakan;* (prevent) sarg^ 

kak, lalau,* aralkan (Ar. 'aradl) ; 

(stop) berhntikan. Hindered in 

work, terlial. 
Hindmost (hmd'most), adj. yarg di 

blakarg skali, pnchorot. 
Hindoo, Hindu (hin'doo), s. orarg 

Hindustani (hin-doo-sta'ne), 8. 

bhasa hindustan, hggali. 
Hindrance (hin'drans), s. tgahan, 

skaian, sargkotan, gndala (Sk.)^ 

'udzur (Ar.), aval* (Ar. 'aradl). 
Hinge (hinj), s. engsel (D.). 
Hinge, v. i. (depend) bergantorg; 

(have hinges) berengsel (D.). 
Hint (hint), v. t. isaratkan (Ar. 

Hint, s. isarat. 
Hinterland (hin'ter-land), s. darat, 

Hip (hip), 8. pukarg. Hip bone, 

tulaiy pukarg. Hip roof, bumborg 

limas,* atap limas,* praborg* 

lima. A house with a hip roof, 

runiah limas.* To carry on the 

hip, kelek. To have a person 

on the hip, alahkan,* teivas- 

kan,* kalahkan (B.). To smite 

hip and thigh, lutu.* 
Hip, int. Hip, hip, hurrah, hip, hip^ 

horc, buryi sorak orarg puteh. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; evo, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5<l, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tTien. 




Hippopotamus (hip-po-pot'a-mws), 

6. farasu 'l-bahar (Ar.). 
Hire (hir), v. t. (houses, etc.) sewa; 
(persons) upah. Hired man, 
oraty upahan, orarg gaji. 
Hire, s. sewa, upah. 
Hireling (hir'ling), adj. oraiy ma- 

lean gaji yarg iigat wafy sahaj'a. 
Hirsute (her'siit), adj. ramus* ran- 

doh* srabot* herhulu panjary. 
His (hiz), pron. ia,* dia, dia puiya, 

-rya (laki-Jaki). 
Hiss (his), V. i. (the sound) dsir* 
dsiry; (as a snake) hmhus; 
(whistle) hersiul. 
Historian (his-tor'i-an), s. pryaraiy 

hikayat* rami (Ar.). 
Historical (his-tor'i-kal), adj. hi- 
kayat* (a), deri-hal hikayat* 
yary di-hikayatkan* etc., as below. 
History (his'to-ri), s. hikayat* 
(Ar. iiikdyat), chrita, kesah (Ar. 
qissah), tarikh* (Ar. tdrikh), s- 
jarah (Ar.), riwayat (Ar.). 
Hit (hit), V. t. (touch, reach the 
object aimed at) kna, mtyna^i;* 
(attain to) sampai; (strike) palu, 
pukol, see strike. 
Hitch (hich), v. i. sarykot. 
Hitch, s. (obstruction) sarykotan; 
(knot) siinpol. Clove hitch, chn- 
chary ay am* siinpol manok* 
Hither (hi^/i'er), adv. k-mari, k- 
sini. Hither and thither, k-sana 
Hitherto (-too), adv. (of time) 

sampai skarary. 
Hive (hiv), s. sarykaran Ihdli. 
Hive, V. t. sarykarkan Ihah. 
Hives (hivz), s. glgata* 
Hoar (hor), adj. puteh. Hoar frost, 

'mbun hku* 
Hoard (hord), s. simpanan. 
Hoard, v. t. simpan, taroh. 
Hoarding (-ing), s. papan terden- 

Hoarfrost (hor'frawst), s. 'mhun 

Hoarse (hors), adj. garau* parau* 

Hoarseness (-nes), s. garau* srak. 
Hoary (hor'i), adj. (white) ptiteh; 
(of hair) tibati. Hoary antiquity, 
zaman perhakala* 

Hoax (hoks), v. t. permainkan, tipu 
dry an jnaka* 

Hoax, s. jnaka* 

Hob (hob), s, para bua^y dkat da- 

Hobble (hob'bl), s. (ropes on the 
feet) stykla.* To walk with a 
hobble (limp), herjalan tempaty. 

Hobble, V. i. herjalan tempary, in- 
chanj-incliut, herjalan serykaiyj* 
(on the heel) jerykot;* (on tip- 
toe) jeryket. 

Hobble, V. t. styklakan* rantaikan. 

Hobble-de-hoy (-de-hoi'), s, orary 
muda jarygal.* 

Hobby (hob'bi), s. (favorite em- 
ployment) pkerja'an yary di- 
suka'i* pkerjaan suka-suka hati 

Hobbyhorse (-hors), s. kuda-kuda 

Hobgoblin (hob'gob-lin), s, hota 
(Sk.), polo7y, jmhalary.* 

Hobnail (hob'nal), s. ladam* kasut, 
paku pada tapak kasut. 

Hobnob (hob'nob), v. i. arygap-arg- 
gap* ramah-ramahan.* 

Hock (hok), 8. tumU hinatary. 

Hocuspocus (ho'kws-po'kws), 8. 

Hod (hod), 8. tory pmikul kapur 
hatu bata d-an s-hagai-rya. 

Hodge-podge (hoj'poj), s. cham- 

Hoe (ho), s. chary kol. 

Hoe, V. i. t. charykol. 

Hog (hog), 6. bahi, babi kmbiri, 
habi kasi* (Ar. khasi). 

Hoggish (hog'gish), adj. (glut- 
tonous) glojoh; (selfish) yarg 
try at diri-rya sahaja. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, 8ore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Hogshead (hog-z'hecl), s. pipa 
(Port.), leger (D. Jigger). 

Hoiden (hoi'dn), s. anak prempiian 
yarg hermain s-Jahu jantan. 

Hoist (hoist), Y. t. arghat, naikkan; 
(Xant.) obis. 

Hoity-toity (hoi'ti-toi'ti), adj. 
(thoughtless, giddy) kpala anjin; 
(haiight_y) somhorg. 

Hold (hold), V. t, (cause 'to remain, 
keep) pgarg; (in the fist) grg- 
gam; (in the mouth) gorggoig; 
(in the arms) pargku; (restrain) 
tahan; (retain) simpan; (possess) 
milek (Ar.) ; (conduct, carry on) 
ya/a^itoi;. (contain) muat; (con- 
sider, think) hilargkan. To hold 
forth (exhibit), unjokkan. To 
hold in, tahan. To hold off, jauh- 
Tcan. To hold one's tongue, 
sigap/^' herdiam diri, tiitop midut 
(B.). To hold over, targgohkan. 
To hold out (offer), unjokkan. 
To hold up, argkatkan, naikkan; 
(check, halt) berhntikan. To 
hold water, tiada hochor. To hold 
an appointment, junjorg pargkat.* 

Hold, V. i. (ijot give way) her- 
tahan; (continue, persist) ttap; 
(cleave, remain attached) Ikdt. 
To hold forth (speak in public), 
herkata-kata/^ mrgajar (B.). To 
hold in, tahankan diri. To hold 
on (keep hold), herpaut; (Xaut.) 
(keep on one's course) taJiar. To 
hold out, tahan, drita (Sk.). To 
hold together, hersama-sama. To 
hold up (remain unbent), tahan; 
(cease) herhnti. 

Hold, s. (grasp) pgaigan; (author- 
ity) kuasa; (Xaut.) petak. To 
take hold, chapai. 

Holdfast (hold'fast), s. kokot/ see 


Holding (-ing), s. tanah milek 

(Ar.), tanah seiva (B.). 
Hole (hoi), s. loharg, liarg;* (in a 

garment) charek;* (in paper, 

pots, etc.) psok; (hollow) Ikok,- 
(cave) goa; (in a tree) rotgga*- 
grorgga)g;'^ (crack) rtak; (cavity) 
tmbok; (right through) tmbus. 

Holiday (hol'i-da), s. (festival) 
hari bsar, pesta (Port.) ; (vaca- 
tion) hari klpasan, chuti (Hind.). 

Holiness (ho'li-nes), s. kkudusan 
(Ar.), ksuchian, see holy. 

Holland (hol'land), s. negri Blanda^ 

Hollow (hol'lo), adj. roigga,'^' fjrorg^ 
garg* gloiggarg;* (empty) ham^ 
pa;* (concave) Ikok; (sunken, of 
eyes) chrgkorg; (from loss of 
sleep) chrgkra;* (of the face) 
chrgkrorg,'^ chrgkorg (B.) ; (of the- 
cheeks) kmporg/^ kmpus (B.)^. 
kmpot;'^'' (of sound) gnia* gaoig; 
(of fruit) mambojg* A hollow 
tooth, gigi tmbok,* gigi berlobaig^ 

Hollow, s. Ikok. The hollow of the- 
])ack, tamparan njamok. 

Hollow, V. t. thok, korek, hrok. 

Holly (-li), s. pokok di Eropah 
daun-nja sperti jniju. 

Holocaust (hol'o-kawst), s. korban 
bakaran'^ (Ar. qurbiin). 

Holster (hol'ster), s. sarorg pistol. 

Holy (h5-li), adj. kudns{AT. qudus) •;. 
(pure) siiclii; (pious) berbakti 
(Sk.). The Holy City (Jeru- 
salem), baiiu 'l-miikaddis (Ar.).. 
Holy Ghost, Boh Alkudus (Ar.).. 
The Holy Land, tanah Kana'an,. 
negri Sham. The Holy Spirit,. 
Roh Alkudus (Ar.). Holy war^ 
prarg sabil (Ar.). Holy writ^ 
Kitab Allah. 

Holystone (-ston), s. (Xaut.) batu 
skrub (E. scruli). 

Homage (hom'ej), s. bakti (Sk.). 
To ])ay homage, berbuat bakti. 

Home (hom), s. rumah targga; (na- 
tive land) tanah ai/er; (habitat) 
tmpat asal; (asylum) tmpat Un- 
doig. At home, di riunah. To- 
feel at home, herramah-rarnahan.* 
To he at home in a subject, bijak,. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimis, cure, injure, 

hurry; f5od, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




ahli dalam (Ar.). To go home, 
pularg, halelc. To have a home, 
berrumaU'taigga. Home Secret- 
ary, datoh dalam. '^ 

Home, adj. yarg dl negri sfidiri. 

Home, adv. (to one's country) pu- 
larg; (to its place, as a nail) mati. 

Homeless (hom'les), adj. tiada ber- 

Homeliness (-li-nes), s. (comfort) 
snaig, strihat (Ar. isUrdiiat). 

Homely (-li), adj. (like home) ru- 
mall targga (a) ; {comfortable) 
snaig, strihat (Ar.) ; (simple, un- 
pretending) sahaja-sahaja/^' jargaii 
iidal','^ hagi sari-sari piny a (B.). 

Homemade (-mad), adj. huatan 

Homesick (-sik), adj. rlndii akan 
fanah ai/er. 

Homespun (-spun), adj. tnunan 

Homestead (-sted), s. ruinali targ- 
ga, ka m po rg-halaman. 

Homeward (-werd), adv. h-rumah. 
Homeward bound, lindah pularg. 

Homicide (hom'i-sid), s. hiinoli^ 

Homiletics (-let'iks), s. 'ilmu l-liid- 
hair'' (Ar. Ji'hiiThah) , 

Homily (-li), s. kliutbah (Ar.). 

Hominy (-ni), s. jagoiy tumbok. 

Homoeopathy (ho-me-opVthi), s. 
'ilriui obat yarg rnndatarglcan per- 
rasa'an s-rupa pujahit-iya. 

Homogeneous (h6-m6-je'ni-«(s), 
adj. sama s-jnis, sama iabiat. 

Hone (hon), s. batu asah prghalus.'^ 

Honest (on'est) adj. (upright, just) 
bnar; (trustworthy) hperchaya'an, 
amanat (Ar.) ; (sincere, truthful) 
tulus, tit (R.) (Ch.). 

Honesty (on'es-ti), s. kbnaran, h- 

Honey (hun'i), s. ayer madu, ayer 
I ball, manisaii Ibali. Honey bear, 

Honeybee (-be), s. Ibali. 

Honeycomb (-kom), s. sararg Ibali, 
in doty maduf (when empty) 

Honeycombed (-komd), adj. her- 
boh;'^ (with weevils) berasai.'^ 

Honeymoon (-moon), s. s-bulan 
I pas tiikali^ (Ar. nikcai). 

Honor (on'er), s. see hoxour. 

Honorary (on'er-er-i), adj. (confer- 
ring honour) kahormatan, yarg 
kahormat; (without pay) tiada 

Honour (on'er), v. t. hormatkan, 
muJiakan, bsarkan, raikan (Ar.) ; 
see below. 

Honour, s. (respect, reverence) lior- 
mat, t'atlim (Ar.) ; (dignity) k- 
lanlia'an, kbsaran; (virtue, inte- 
grity) kbaikan, ktulusan, ekhlas 
(Ar.) : (high rank) k?nulia'an. 
Debt of honour, hutarg yarg tiada 
sah (Ar.), hiitaty judi. Maid of 
honour, perwara (Sk.). On one's 
honour, diyan tulus-ekhlas (Ar.). 
A point of honour, perkara ktulus- 
an hati. To do the honours, mn- 
jamu,* mtyambot orarg jmpotan, 
ra'ikan orarg (Ar.). Word of 
honour, perjanjian ekhlas"^ (Ar. 

Honourable (on'er-a-bl), adj. ber- 
hormat, niulia, mukarram (Ar.), 
m'utabar (Ar.) ; (not base) tidus- 
eklilas (Ar.). The Honourable — , 
yarg berk or mat — . 

Hood (hood), s. (for the head) tu- 
doig kpala, trgkolok,"^ korgsan;* 
(of a carriage) tutop, tudorg, kap 


Hoodwink (hood'wingk), v. t. tipu, 
butakan mata, klirukan. 

Hoof (lioof), s. kuku kuda, kuku 
Iinbu, etc. Cloven hoof, kuku ber- 

Hook (hook), s. (curve) kalok;* 
(implement for hooking) prgait; 
(for fishing) mata kail; (for fast- 
ening) gancliu. By hook or by 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tlieu. 




crook, d^yan s-habis clnya-upaya* 
Hook and eye, chakoh* butarrj 
halt. On one's own hook, alas 
i^rcfgofyaji sndirL 

Hook, V. t. hait, ganchuhan, hail; 
(catch) targhap. 

Hookah (hook'a), s. ogah"^ (Hind. 
iLuqqah = tobacco-pipe), gudu- 
gtidu* Iha* (W.). 

Hooked (hookt), adj. (of tlie nose) 

Hoop (hoop), s. simpai, p7yloiy* 
Hoop iron, bsi simpai. 

Hoop, V. t. dmpaikan. 

Hoopoe (hoop'o), s. hudhud (Ar.). 

Hoot (hoot), V. i. bertriah sperti 
buryi poiggoh* hut. 

Hoot, V. t. (derisively) utch, utih 

Hop (hop), V, i. (of frogs) lompat; 
(as fish and small birds and 
animals) loncliai; (on one leg) 

Hop, B. s-jnis ahar yatg pahit burga- 

Hope (hop), s. harap. 

Hope, V. i. harap: (expect) nanti- 
han; (place confidence in) mnaroh 
harap ahan, perchaya ahan, yahin"^ 
(Ar. yaqin). Let ns hope, 5- 

Hopeful (hop'fool), adj. (expec- 
tant) yarg mnantihan; (promis- 
ing) yarg boleh di-harapi. 

Hopeless (-les), adj. piittis harap, 
putus asa,"* put as 'sa* tiada ha- 

Hopper (hop'per), s. chororg prg- 

Horde (hord), s. pasohan orarg mrg- 

Horizon (ho-ri'zi/n), s. hahi largit, 
tjji largit. 

Horizontal (hor-i-zon'tal), adj. 
sama rata. 

Horn (horn), e. (of animals) tan- 
doh; (of a rhinoceros) sumbu 
badah, chula* badah; (wind in- 

strument of horn or bamboo) 

tuatg-tnarg, intnarg;* (of brass) 

trompct ( Eur. ) , sJompret ( N.I. ) . 
Hornbill (horn'bil), s. bur org 'rg^ 

gaig/^' burorg hlergherg* burotg 

Horned (hornd), adj. bertandoh. 
Hornet (hor'net), s. tabuan,- 

( smaller) hrawai.'^ 
Hornless (h5rn'les), s. (of cattle) 

dogol* tiada bertandoh. 
Hornpipe (-pip), s. (tune) lagu 

mriari; (dance) tarian hlasi.* 
Horny (-i), adj. bertandoh, sperti 

tan doh, berblularg.* 
Horoscope (hor'o-skop), s. rarnal 

(Ar.), surat nujum (Ar.). 
Horrible (hor'ri-bl), adj. rgri/^ dah~ 

shat (Ar.), hebat (Ar. haibat),. 

haiban (Ar.), ta'baih shali (B.). 
Horrid (-rid), adj. 7gri* tabaih 

shali, bogot,* busoh. 
Horrify (-ri-fi), v. t, bri tahot, ta- 

ho than, bri dahshai (Ar.). 
Horror (-rer), s. hebat (Ar. hai- 

bat), dahshat (Ar.). 
Hors de combat (hor-de-kom'ba),. 

adj. /.Si,* tiada harahat lagi (Ar.). 
Horse (hors), s. huda; (cavalry) 

soldado berhuda; (frame with 

legs) huda-huda. 
Horseback (hors'bak), s. On horse- 
back, tunjgarg huda, berhuda. 
Horse-chestnut (-ches'nut), s. po- 

hoh bran) an. 
Horse-cloth (-klawth), s. hambU 

huda, slimut huda. 
Horse-collar (-kol-ler), s. halhah 

(Hind, iialqah). 
Horse-fly (-fli), s. pihat;* (small* 

er) largau. 
Horsehair (-bar), s. buhi huda. 
Horseleech (-lech), s. lintah. 
Horseman (-man), s. orarg ber- 
huda, orarg rnnurggarg huda. 
Horsemango (-mang-go), s. ba- 

chatg, machatg,* mrnbacharg.* 
Horseplay (-pla), s. main hasar. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t^en. 




Horsepower (-pow-er), s. kkmtan 

huda, kuasa psawat* A 3 HP 

engine, etijin tiga Jcuda. 
Horserace (-ras), s. lumha kuda. 
Horseradish (-rad-ish), s. rmurg- 

gai* kelor (a tree). 
Horseshoe (-shoo), s. hd kuda, 

spatu kuda, ladam'^ kuda. 
Horsewhip (-whip), s. chmti,* 

Hortatory (hor'ta-to-ri), adj. yarg 

mmbri nmihat,* ptimihat,* ymg 

7}imhri ajaran balk (B.). 
Horticulture (hor'ti-kul-chur), s. 

'ilmu berkbun, 'ilmu bertanam 

sayur dan pokok buah-buahan. 
Hosanna (ho-zan'na), s. uchapan 

Hose (h5z), s. (stocking) sarorg- 

kaki; (a pipe) paip kain, paip 

Hosier (ho'zher), s. oraig berkdai 

sarorg-kaki dan s-bagai-iya. 
Hosiery (-i), s. sarorg-kaki dan s- 

Hospitable (hos'pi-ta-hl), adj. yarg 

s-uka mnjarnu,'^ yarg mryambot 

orarg dagarg. 
Hospital (-tal), s. riunah sakit. 
Hospitality (-tal'i-ti), s. pri mn- 

jarnu orarg, '^ pri'* mriiliharakan 

orarg dagarg. 
Host (host), s. (army) tntra,'^ bala- 

tntra;'^ (throng) perkumpolan, 

orarg ramai: (one who entertains) 

pnjamu;* (landlord of an inn) 

tuan rumah tumpaigan. 
Host, s. (term used by Roman Ca- 
tholics for consecrated bread) roti 

Hostage (hos'tej), s. orarg yarg di- 

srahkan k-pada musoh akan mrg- 

aku perjanjian, orarg sanduran,"^ 

orarg targg organ. 
Hostess (host'es), s. prempuan yarg 

mnjafnu,* istri pnjarmi.* 
Hostile (hos'tll or hos'til), adj. 

(personally) berstru;* (of a com- 
mon enemy) bermusoh. 

Hostility (hos-til'i-ti), s. perstru- 
an,* permusohan; see above. 

Hot (hot), adj. panas, havgat; (of 
slight ieveY)ddar; (severe fever) 
pi jar;* (of passion) berarg,* gm- 
bera;* (of spices) pdas; (feeling 
hot with perspiration) rima^,* 
Imas (B.). In hot water, terkna 
bncM. See heat. 

Hotbed (hot'bed), s. tanah beratap- 
kacha spaya rnriapkan tanam- 

Hotch-potch (hoch'poch), s. cham- 
pur-baur,* charripur gatil. 

Hotel (ho-tel'), s. rumah tumparg- 
an, rumah makan, panchans.* 

Hot-headed (hot'hed'ed), adj. Ikas 
marah, pmarah,* prarnpus.* 

Hothouse (-hows), s. rumah ber- 
atap dan berdindirg kacha. 

Hotpress (-pres), v. t. strika (D. 

Hot-tempered (tem'perd), adj. p- 
mana.^* pmarah, pradaig.* 

Hough (hok), V. t, ktirg.* 

Hound (hownd), s. anji'rg perburu- 
an, anjirg mmburu (B.). 

Hound, V. i. buru. To hound on, 
hurkan,* amd,* usot (B.) ; 
(animals) oja.* 

Hour (owr), s. jam; (time) waktu. 
At what hour? ptikol brapa? 

Hourglass (owr'glas), s. jain pasir.* 

Houri (hoo'ri or howri), s. bida- 

Hourly (owr'li), adv. tiap-tiap jam, 
s-jarn s-kali; (frequently) krap- 
krap; (continually) sntiasa (Sk.). 

House (hows), s. (building) rw- 
rnah; (large dwelling) gdorg; (in 
speaking of one's own) trafak,* 
pondok; (household) rumah ta'rg- 
ga; (family) isi rumah, kaum- 
kluarga,* chikeweh (B.) ; (tribe, 
race) suku-bargsa.* To keep 
house, berrumah-targga. To keep 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mim^s, cure, injure, 

hurry; fdod, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




open house, snfiasa hcrjamu.^ 
To go from liouse to house, mn- 
jajah rum all. 

House (howz), v. t. (as people or 
cattle) tumpaiykan; (Xaut., of 
spars) tuninl'an, guntorgkan. 

Houseboat (hows'bot), s. praliu 

Housebreaking (-brak-iug), s. hal 
mmcliah rnwah, samon. 

Housefly (-fli), s. Jalat. 

Household (-hold), s. isi rumaJi, 
l-aum (Ar.), liaum hluarga,'^ chi- 
l-eweli (B.) (Ch. chit-l'e-e ?). 

Householder (-er), s. iuan rumah. 

Housekeeper (-kep-er), s. (head 
servant) prempuan Mna rumah. 

Housekeeping (-ing), s. Iverja ru- 

Housemaid (-mad), s. prempuan 
oraty gajl, prempuan makan gaii 

Housewife (-wif), s. istrr' tuan- 
rumali, ahli 'l-hait (Ar.). 

Housework (-werk), s. kerja ru- 

Hovel (hov'fl), s. pondok, tratak.''^ 

Hover (hov'er), v. i. (in flight) am- 
harg* duijorgf^ (hang abont as a 
thief) imharg-imbarg.'^ 

How (how), adv. hgimana, htapa,^' 
apa marham, macham mana, 
hrapa. How do you do? apa kha- 
barf How far? hrapa jauh? 
How long? brapa lama? How 
much? brapa, brapa herga? How 
often? brapa kali? 

Howbeit (how-be'it), conj, (al- 
thougli) surggoh pun; (neverthe- 
less) ttapi. 

Howdah (liow'da), s. renjka/^ ba- 

However (how-ev'er), adv. (in 
whatever manner) hgimana pun; 
(in any case) dalam pada itu. 
However had, s-jahaf-nja/-' bgi- 
niana jahal pun. However great, 
hgimana bsar. 

However, conj. (notwithstanding) 

dalam pada itu; (yet) tta/)i. 
Howitzer (how'its-er), s. tomotg,"^, 

luriam kaiak.'^ 
Howl (howl),v. i. (of dogs) loloig;- 

(of children) lalak; (wail) ratap- 

(loud weeping) raorg. 
Howsoever (liow-s5-ev'er), adv^ 

hgimana skali pun. 
Hub (hub), s. (of a wheel) ganiarg- 

(janlan/,'^^ huyorg roda (P.). 
Hubble-bubbie (hub'bl-bub'bl), s. 

ogah,'^' gudu-gudu;* see hookah. 
Hubbub (-bub), s. irgar-iigar /^ 

rioh-rendah, rioh-rndah (B.). 
Huckster (huks'ter), s. ynjaja. 
Huddle (hud'dl), v. i. berkrumun. 
Hue (hu), s. luerna, orna (B.)^ 

Hue and cry, tmpek-sorak. 
Huff (huf), s. (scab) krupirg, kro^ 

perg (B.) ; (rage) raj ok, ragam. 
Hug (hug), v. t. plok; (more close- 
ly) dakap;-'^ (hold fast) pgarg^ 

pegarg (B.). To hug the land 

(Xaut.), mnjusor pantai. 
Hug, s. plok, dakap."^ 
Huge (huj), adj. bsar skali, amat 

bsar/^ unibarg,'^ bagor."^^ 
Hulk (hulk), s. kapal yarg ter^ 

chabot tiarg. 
Hull (hul), s. (of rice, etc.) kulit; 

(after removal) skam; (of a ship- 

or boat) badan kapal, badan prahu^ 
Hull, V. t. (by peeling off, as maize) 

kupas; (by pounding, as rice) 

Huller (hul'ler), s. (pounder work- 
ed by the foot) Isorg hindeh,^ Isorcf 

Hum (hum), s. drgorg; (of a top) 

srirg; (of conversation) drgorg,. 

drgam;'^ (in the ears) dsirg, brg- 

Hum, V. i. berdrgorg, bersriig,"^' brr- 

siorg,^'^' berdsirg. 
Human (hii'man), adj. manusia 
(a), orarg (a), chara manusia. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Humane (hfi-man'), adj. murali 
liati, herprgaselian. 

Humanitarian (hu-maii-i-tru''i-an), 
adj. = HUMANE, q. V. 

Humanity (hu-man'i-ti), s. (man- 
kind) manusia; (humane feel- 
ings) Tcmurahan Jiati, piyaselian. 

Humanize (hu'man-Tz), v. t. (soft- 
en, make gentle) Imhothan, jinak' 
lean; (refine, civilize) haluskan, 

Humanly (-li), adv. chara manvsia. 

Humble (linm'bl), adj. (not pre- 
tentious) hina, rndah; (not 
proud) rndah liati. 

Humble, v. t. hinakari, r7idakl'an. 

Humble-bee (-be), s. humha^y. 

Humbug (hum'bug), s. (a trick, 
deceit) tipu-daija, dusta,'^ aula, ho- 
horg ; (impostei^) pnipu,pndustaf^ 
pmholiorg, pmhual, tmberayg (S.). 

Humbug, V. t. tipu, huat dnsta,"^' 

Humdrum (-drum), adj. tiada der- 
ohali-ohah, s-mfjatn, itu-itu jur/a 

Humid (hu'mid), adj. Imbap, Irgas, 
'mhal ;'^ (of the ground) rambah* 

Humidity (liu-mid'i-ti), s. (as on 
sugar) Irgas. 

Humiliate (hii-miri-at), v. ^. rndali- 
kan, liinakan. 

Humility (-ti), s. rndah hati, h- 
rndahan hati. 

Humming-bird (hum'ming-berd), 
s. spah putri/^ 

Hummock (-mok), s. miuyalf^ 


Humorist (liu'mer-ist or fi'mer-ist), 

s. oraig klakar, orarg jnal^a.'^ 
Humorous (-i/s), adj. pnernavm,'^ 

herjnakar sloroh, suka chakap 

Jcasi tertawa (B.). 
Humour (hu'mer or u'mer), s. 

(state of mind) praryai, rsmi; 

(facetiousness) jnaka."^' Good 

humour, hati tnarg. Bad humour, 

hati kusut. 

Humour, v. t. (indulge) manjakan,. 
hri muka : (soothe) pujok. 

Hump (hump), s. borgkol* horg^ 
gol,^' gmhol, ponok/^ klasa.'^ 

Humpback (-bak), s. oiwy horgkok. 

Humus (Im'mws), s. tanah haja 

Hunch (hunch), s. (lump) ktulf' 
also = HUMP, q. V. 

Hunch, V. t. (with the elbow) 
tmhif-' (crook the back) horgkok- 

Hunchback (-bak), s. orarg borg- 

Hundred (hun'dred), adj. ratus. 

Hundred, s. ratus. 

Hundredth (-dredth), s. perratus."-^ 

Hundred-weight (-wat), s. tim- 
baryan Iryyris- 112 pound. 

Hunger (hung'ger), s. lapar, k- 
laparan; (excessive) kmarok/' bii- 
Inr, bolor (B.), kbiiluran. 

Hunger, v. i. lapar, berlapar; 
(eagerly desire) iiyin, rindu. 

Hungry (-gri), adj. lapar; (exces- 
sive) bidur, bolor (B.) : (after 
illness) kmarok ; (and left with- 
out food) kbulor-kblai^' 

Hunk (hungk), s. ktul."^ 

Hunt (hunt), v. t. (chase) bum, 
usir,^ kjar; (seek) chari; (ver* 
min in hair) slisek.'^ To hunt 
up, preksa, slidek/'' siasat (Ar.). 

Hunt, V. i. berburu. 

Hunt, s. (chase) perburuan^ 
(search) hal mnchari. 

Hunter (-er), s. pmbiiru. 

Hunting (-ing), s. perburuan. 

Huntsman (hunts'man), s. gmbala 
anjiry perburuan. 

Hurdle (her'dl), s. payar sasak.'''' 

Hurl (herl), v. t. lempar, lotar,"^ 
lontar, balirg,'^ heban.'^ 

Hurlyburly (beii'i-berri), s. huru^ 
h ara. 

Hurrah (hur-ra'), int. hore (E.). 
buiyi sorak orarg puteh. 

Hurricane (hur'ri-kan), s. ribot 

ate, ask. am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, min?<s, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




to fan, topan, (At. Tan fan). Hur- 
ricane lamp, lantirg (E.), lantera 

"Hurriedly (hur'rid-li), adv. gopoh- 
gopoli, golot-golot* drgan sgra, 
kochoh-hochoh, gopoh-gapah.* 

Hurry (hilr'ri), v. i. hergopoh, ber- 
sgra, ha^gat* ITcas. 

Hurry, v. t. haigatVan,^ sgralcan, 
Ika^kan, kjan* (W.). 

Hurry, s. gopoh, sgra. 

Hurry-scurry (-skiVri), adv. go- 
poh-gapah* tersra-sra* kincharg- 

Hurt (hert), v. t. (cause pain) sakiti, 
sakitkan; (injure, harm) rosakkan, 
hnchanakan; (wound the feelings) 
kcliilkan hati, kchikkan hati (B.). 
See PAIN. 

Hurt, s. (wound) luka; (injury) 

Hurtful (hert'fool), adj. herhn- 
chana, yarg mrosakkan, yatg mu- 
dlarat (Ar.). 

Husband (huz'band), s. laki; (po- 
lite form) svami (Sk.). 

Husband, v. t. simpan, chermat- 

Husbandman (-man), s. pladarg, 
orarg berhuina.* 

Husbandry (-ri), s. kerja pladaig, 

Hush (hush), int. diam! 's! 

Hush, V. t. (make quiet) diamkan; 
(as a child) ?//t^.* To hush up, 
rahMakan* tutop. 

Hush, V. i. berdiam diri. 

Hush, s. sntifap. 

Husk (husk), s. (of maize) hulit, 
klorgsoig; (of rice, etc.) kulit; 
(after removal) skam; (of the 
coco-nut) sabot. 

Husk, V. t. (by peelin^^ off) kuliti,^ 
kupas, kobak* kobek (B.) ; (re- 
move the sabot of a coconut) gti- 
bal;* (by pounding, as rice) tuni- 
bok; (by pinching, as birds) ku- 


Husky (-i), adj. garau* parau* 

Hussar (huz-zar'), s. soldado ber- 
kuda, orarg kndaraan.^ 

Hussy (hus'si or huz'zi), s. prem- 
puan kurarg sopan. 

Hustings (hus'tingz), s. parggotg. 

Hustle (hus'l), V. t. (push) tolak, 
tmpoh; (with the elbow) sigorg. 

Hustle, V. i. (force one's way) tm- 
poh, rnipoh;* (hurry) gopoh- 
gopoh, kochoh-kochohj kincharg- 

Hut (hut), s. pondok, tratak;* 
(temporary) daigau/^ sapau;* 
(made by fowlers) bumbun.* 

Hutch (huch), s. rban, sargkar.* 

Hybrid (hi'brid), s. baka cliampur- 

Hydrant (hl'drant), s. mulut tali 
ayer bomba, mulut paip. 

Hydraulic (hi-draw'lik), adj. ayer 
(a), deri-pada ayer, drgan kuasa 
ayer. Hydraulic jack, bichu* 
bomba. Hydraulic press, apltan* 
bomba. Hydraulic mining, kerja 
parit,'^^ lampan mlereh* (Ch. lam- 
pdn) ; (by monitors) tembak.^ 

Hydraulics (-liks), s. 'ilmu psawat* 

Hydrocele (hl'dro-sel), s. burvt* 
sakit pamig-pnsaigan, sakit bodek, 
argin pasaig-pasarg (B.). 

Hydrogen (hi'dro-jen), s. s-jnis 
wap yarg amat rcrgan. 

Hydrography (hi-drog'ra-fi), s. 
'ilmu miidiiga dan mnulis pta laut. 

Hydropathy (hl-drop'a-thi), s. 'il- 
mu mrgobati digan ayer. 

Hydrophobia (hl-dro-to'bi-a), s. 
gila anjiig. 

Hyena (hi-e'na), s. dlnVu (Ar.). 

Hygiene (hrji-en or hi'jen) s. Hlmu 
sehat (At. sinnat). 

Hymn (him), s. sha'ir puji-pujian, 
mauhid (Ar.), dzikir (Ar.). 

Hymnal (him'nal), s. kifab puji- 
pujian, kilab maulud (Ar.). 

a,tc, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirrc; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, ns, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Hyperbole (hi-per'bo-li), s. per- 
kataan yaiy nilampaui* hlampau- 
an* chakap yarg Ibeh deri-pada 
patut (B.). 

Hypercritical (lil-per-krit'i-kal), 
adj. (captious) saiyat pnchla;* 
(excessively exact) sargat pry- 
lideh* terlalu pandai hiam (Ch.) 


Hyphen (lii'fen), s. ianda samhorg' 

an sural [ - ] . 
Hypnotism (hip'no-tizm), s. 'ilmu 

pllap* 'ilmu piyundaty,* 'ilmu 

kasi orarg tidor (B.). 
Hypnotize (-tiz), v. t. llaplcan, 

kundarg,'^' Udorkan (B.). 
Hypochondriac (liip-o-kon-dri'ak), 

s. yarg rmyargkakan diri sakit. 
Hypochondriasis (-a-sis), s. Jial 

miyargkal^an diri sakit. 
Hypocrisy (hi-pok'ri-si), s. pura- 

pura* 7nuka-muka^ siat-siat (B.) 

Hypocrite (hip'-o-krit), s. orarg 

pura-pura* orarg dua muka, mu- 

nafik (Ar.). 
Hypocritical (-krit'i-kal), adj. 

pura-pura* mvka-mvka, siat-siat 

(B.) (Ch.) Hypocritical smile, 

snryum raja* snnjum kamhiig* 
Hypodermic (M-po-der'mik), adj. 

di lawah kulit. H3rpodermic 

syringe, homha mnanam ohat di 

laioah kulit. 
Hypothecate (hl-poth'e-kat), v. t. 

Hypothesis (-sis), s. arggaran, per- 

Hypothetical (hi-po-thet'i-kal), 

adj. yarg di-sargka. 
Hyssop (his'sop), s. zufa (Ar). 
Hysterics (his-ter'iks), s. s-jnis 

pnjakit s'ahan-akan latah* \mlatah 


I (I), pron. (addressing equals or 
inferiors) aku;* (equals or in- 

timate friends) kami;* (to supe- 
riors) sahya, snda,* hamha* ham- 
ba-tuan* patch;* (among princes) 
beta;* (between husband and wife,, 
between -the nobility, and generally 
in letter writing) kakanda,* adin- 
da;* (of an elderly man speaking 
to younger men) mamanda;* 
(speaking to his own family) 
ayahnda;* (used gen. by Euro- 
peans) sahya; (by Chinese) goa. 

Ice (is), s. ayer batUj ayer bku.* 
Ice chest, pti ayer batu. Ice 
cream, aiskrim (E.), es putaran 

Ice, V. t. sjokkan drgan ayer batu, 
ayer-batunkan;* (with icing, as 
cakes) sira.* 

Iceberg (is'berg), s. apoig ayer batu. 

Icebound (-bownd), adj. terskat 
oleh ayer batu. 

Icicle (-i-kl), s. juntaian ayer bku.* 

Icing (-ing), s. gula sira* 

Icon (I'kon), s. gambar. 

Iconoclast (i-kon'o-klast), s. orarg 
yarg mrosakkan berhala Idatoh 

Icy (i'si), adj. (abounding in ice) 
berayer batu; (cold) sjok,diigin;*" 
(of manner) kras, tgar.* 

Idea (i-de'a), s. (mental image) 
iigatan, fikiran; (conception) p^ 
rgertian; (apprehension) pndapat- 
an; (notion, thought) sargka; (in- 
tention, desig-n) argan-a7gan* 
niat, luaksud, chita-chita* akhtiar 
(Ar. ikhtidr). 

Ideal (-al), adj. (mental) padu 
irgatan; (faultless) smpurna; 
(imaginary) yarg di-satgka-sarg^ 

Ideal, s. (standard of perfection) 
tujuan. The ideal of beauty, k'^ 
elokan yarg smpurnu. 

Idealize (-iz), v. t. fikirkan sm^ 

Identical (I-den'ti-kal), adj. sama 
skali, sania s-rupa, sama s-jnis. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sdre, sort, sorry; iise, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry ; food, foot, awf ool (awful) ; law, how, oil ; thin then. 




Jdentification (-fi-ka'shwn), s. pri 
mirjsahka?!* (At. san), pignalan. 

-Identify (-fi), v. t. (make to be the 
same) scunakan, stiijukan; (estab- 
lish the identity) njatakan per- 
sama'an, sahkan (At.), Inial. 

Identity (-ti), s. persama'an. 

Idiocy (icVi-o-si), s. l-l'iircur/ati 'akal, 

Idiom (-om), s. jalan hliasa. 

Idiomatic (id-i-o-mat'ik), adj. yaiy 
liiniirut jalan hhasa. 

Idiosyncrasy (-sing'kra-si), s. ta- 
hi'at sndiri, tabi'at masmj-masiiT) , 
iaWat yarg plek* Metah* 

Idiot (id'i-ot), s. orarg sasar, omiy 
I'uranj 'akal, orarg trgali tiarg;'^ 
(as a term of reproach) oraig bo- 
dolt, halilid'^ (Ar. hidiltd). 

Idiotic (-ot'ik), adj. (crazy) sasar; 
(foolish) hodoli. 

Idle (i'dl), adj. (lazy) malas, hlesa,'^ 
chidas* chleh,* pnjgan, piyegan 
(B.) ; (unemployed, inactive) 
tiada bl-erja. 

Idle, V. i. leka, biiat malas, lalai, 
iiiakan tidor saliaja. 

Idleness (-nes), s. hmalasan, h- 
rludasan;^ pnjegan (B.). 

Idol (I'dol), s. berhala,* patoty, to- 
pel'oig (Ch.), datoh (B.). 

Idolater (i-doFa-ter), s. orarg yarg 
ninjmbah bei'hala* pnjmbali ber- 
hala,'^ oraig yarg smbah datoh 

Idolatrous (-tn/s), adj. yarg miym- 
hali hcrhahiS^ Tdolatrons worship, 
smbah yaig k-pada berhala;^ smbah- 
yarg datok (B.). Idolatrous sacri- 
fices, persmbahan k-pada berhala,"^ 
smbaliijaig datok punja bararg 

Idolatry (-tri), s. smbahyarg k-pada 
berhala,'* smbahyarg datok (B.). 

Idolize (I'dol-Tz), v. t. (make into 
an idol) jadikan berhala;'* (love 
to excess) gilakan. 

pri* m- 

Idyll (i'dil or id'il), s. pantun, 

If (if), conj. jika,'^ jikalau, kalau, 

jika s-kira-iya* kira-iya* lamun,"^ 

walau (Ar.). As if, spertikan, 

Igneous (ig'ni-ws), adj. (of the 

nature of fire) berapi. loneoua 

rocks, batu di-lbor api. 
Ignis fatuus (ig'nfs fat'u-ws), s. 

Ignite (ig-nlf), V. i. (begin to burn) 

benyala, ranjala. 
Ignite, V. t. pasarg api, chuchoh,* 

Ignition (ig-nish'un), s. 

lyala, lyala'an. 
Ignoble (-nd'bl), adj. (not noble, 

humble) rndah, hina; (base) /c/i.* 
Ignominious (-no-min'i-^/s), adj. 

malu, 'aib (Ar.). 
Ignominy (ig'no-min-i), s. kchla'- 

an, main, 'aib (Ar.). To suffer 

ignominy, kna main, dapat malu. 
Ignoramus (-ra'mws), s. orarg bo- 

doll, bahhd (Ar.). 
Ignorance (-rans), s. kbodohan, k- 

bbalan, hal ta'sdar; see below. 

The times of ignorance, zaman 

jahiliah (Ar.). 
Ignorant (-n/nt), adj. (destitute 

of knowlege) bodoh, bbal, kurarg 

pah am, jahil (Ar.) ; (unaware) 

drgan tiada tahu, ta'sdar. 
Ignore (ig-nor'), v. t. ta'mau knal, 

ta'pandarg muka, tiada ambil tahu, 

Iguana (i-gwa'na), s. s-jnis biawah 

di negri Amerika. 
Ill (il), adj. (sick) sakit; (of prin- 

(^es) grirg/'' (bad) ta'baik, jahat. 

Jll at ease, tasnarg hati, kliua- 

tir, charggorg, kekok. Ill l)reed- 

ing, kuranj bhasa, kiiran) ajar 

(B.). Ill fame, nama jahat. 

House of ill fame, rnmah jalaig,^ 

rnmah snndal, rumah prempuan 

iite, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minjis, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




jahat. Ill humour, iahailc kati. 
Ill will, sahit hati. 

in, s. (injury) bnchana; (wicked- 
uess) salah, kjahaian. 

Ill-bred (irbred'), adj. I'uraiy ajar, 
kurarg hham, hisar. 

Ill-conditioned (irkon-dish'/ziid), 
adj. pravjai jahat. 

Ill-considered (irkon-sid'erd), adj. 
IiHraig /ikir. 

illegal (il-le'gal), adj. yarg mlaty- 
gar liukum, salak, haram (Ar.), 
hug gar 1o (E. Jaw) (B.) ; (not 
valid) tiada .sah ; (prohibited) 

Illegible (il-lej'i-bl), adj. iiada da- 
pat di-hacha, taholek bacha (B.). 

Illegitimate (il-le-jit'i-met), adj. 
(unlawful) yarg mlarggar ha- 
liwm, haram (Ar.) ; (bastard) 
anah gampaig,^ anak sutidal, anak 
haram, anak tanikah (Ar.), anak 
ia'kahwin (B.). anak berkndak 

Ill-fated (il'fat'al), adj. sial, nasib 

Ill-favoured (il'fa'verd), adj. 
of/o/?.* burok (B.). 

Ill-gotten (il'got'ten), adj. Ill- 
gotten gains, laba yarg haram* 
u at org yarg taberkat (B.). 

Illiberal (il-lib'er-al), adj. kiklr,* 
lokek, kiam-siap (Cli.) (B.). 

Illicit (il-lis'it), adj. larargan, pan- 
targ, tertgah* Illicit opium, 
(■hand a glap. Illicit intercourse, 
z in a ( Ar . ) , h ua t jahat. 

Illimitable (il-lim'it-a-bl), adj. 
tiada bprrhirgga'an,* tiada ber- 
hitgga* tiada lierhad (Ar.). 

Illiterate (il-lit'er-et), adj. tiada 
berplajarwi, tiada ber'ilmu,* ta'- 
tahu surat (B.). 

Ill-judged (il'jujd'), adj. kurarg 

Ill-luck (il'luk'), s. malarg, vntorg 
jahat,* chtaka, nasib tabaik. 

Ill-mannered (il'man'nerd), adj. 

ta'sopan, kiwarg adah (Ar.), baleh 
a dab* biadab (Pers.). 

Illness (il'nes), s. piyakit; (of prin- 
ces) grirg.* 

Ill-natured (il'na'churd), adj. hati 
tabaik, prargai jahat. 

Illogical (il-loj'i-kal), adj. tiada 
sabit* di 'akal (Ar. thdbit), t'ada 
jatan (B.). 

Ill-omened (H'ri'mend), adj. sial, 
'atamat-rya ta 'baik. 

Ill-starred (il'stard') adj. ta'baik 
ktika-iya, sial, malarg. 

Ill-tempered (il'tem'perd), adj. 
pngus,* prargai ta'baik. 

Ill-timed (il'tlmd'), adj. salah k- 

Illtreat (il-tref), v. t. aniayakan, 

Illude (il-lud'), v. t. tipu, ssatkan, 

Illuminate (il-lfi'min-at), v. t. ti'arg- 
kan, ryatakan ; (with a torch) 
suloh: (as buildings) pasarg api. 
Illuminated manuscripts, surat 

Illumination (il-lii-min-ri'sh«n), s. 
(act of illuminating) hal mrirarg' 
kaii; (that which illuminates) 
trarg, kryata'an, chahya. 

Illusion (il-lu'zlN/n), s. kssatan, 
smu,* salah sargka. 

Illusive (-siv), adj. yarg mrysatkan, 
yarg mrymu,* tiada surggoh, palsu. 

Illusory (-so-ri), adj. yarg mrysat- 
kan, yary mrymu,* bohory. 

Illustrate (irius-trat), v. t. (make 
clear, bright, intelligible) tr'arg- 
kan, ryatakan; (explain) trarykan, 
ar'tikan ; (by examples) umpama- 
kan, 'ibaratkan, mesalkan, kias- 
kari* (Ar.) ; (by pictures) gam- 
barkari, hiasi drgan gantbar.* 

Illustration (il-lus-tra'shwn) s, 
(act of illustrating) hat rnnrary- 
kan, etc., as above; (that which 
illustrates) kryataan, prger-tian, 
perurnpama'an, 'ibarat, mesal (Ar. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, can^; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimis, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin f/ten. 





mithal), l-inx* (Ar. qias) : (pic- 
ture) (/(inihdr. 
Illustrative (il-lus'tra-tiv), adj. 

i/atf/ muranjl-an, etc., as above. 
Illustrious (il-lus'tri-ws), adj. ma- 

soli or (Ar. niaslihur), ternama, 

ternania, mulia. 
Ill-will (il'wir), s. dndam, sahit 

Image (iiii'ej), s. patorg, gamhar, 

rupa, inladan : (idol) herhala* 

daiol' (B.) : (in a glass or lense) 

Imagery (ini'a-jer-i or im'ej-ri), s. 

(images in general) gamlar; 

(mental) itgalan. 
Imaginable (ijii-aj'in-a-bl), adj. 

ya/tg huleh di-saigka. 
Imaginary (-a-ri), adj. (fancied) 

yarg di-sarghi : (not real) hul-an- 

Imagination (-a'sli?/n), s. sargl^a- 

saiglxa liati, p'hiran liafi, argan- 

Imaginative (-a-tiv), adj. yarg m- 

Imagine (im-aj'in), v. t. fihirlan, 

sargl-al-an . 
Imagine, v. i. filir^ irgat, smglca. 
Imbecile (iin'bt'-sel). adj. samr, 

hurarg 'ahjL 
Imbecility (-siFi-ti), s. I'sasaran. 
Imbed (im-bed'), v. t. Inam. 
Imbibe (im-bib'), v. t. (drink) mi- 

num; (suck in) Mmp; (absorb 

into the mind) trim a. 
Imbrue (im-broo'), v. t. rndam. 
Imbue (im-lm'), v. t. isi, pnolikan. 
Imitate (im'i-tat) v. t. (follow a 

pattern) tiru :'^ (folloAV example) 

il'uf, Inruf. rJuugl-ol- :* (connter- 

feit) //V?;,* lanclto)gl'an;* (mi- 
mic) ajok. 
Imitation (im-i-ta'sh?/n), s. (act of 

imitating) pri mnirii* pri mrg- 

ikut, etc., as above: (cop)') Urn- 

an* lancliorgan^' 

Imitative (im'i-ta-tiv), adj. yarg 
ui II irii/' yaig /// ni/ruf. 

Imitator (-ter). s. 'pniru.'^ 

Immaculate (im-mak'u-let), adj. 
liada berclila, tiada berchachat 
hers eh. 

Immanent (im'ma-nent), adj. //a- 
dlir (Ar.). 

Immaterial (-ter-i-al), adj. (not 
corporeal) tiada berlmhaga* bu- 
kan jasjiiani (Ar.), fada badan 
(B.) : (unim|)ortant) tiada mrg- 
a/ja, tiada brat, tiada pntirg* 

Immature (im-ma-tiir'), adj. (of 
frnits) mud a; (of children) tigak 
naik, budak lagi, blum- baUgh 
(Ar.) ; (of plans) blum smpurna^ 
hluin siap. 

Immaturity (-i-ti),s. (of children) 

Immeasureable (im-me/h'ur-a-bl ) , 
adj. tiada bperhirgga'an* tiada 
berhirgga* tiada terhitorg, tiada 
terhisdlr^ (Ar. iiimh). 

Immediate (im-me'di-et), adj. (not 
separated) rapat, dkat; (not de- 
laying) yarg serta-merta, yarg 
sgra. drgan s-bntar. 

Immediately (-li). adv. (without 
delay) serta-merfa, s-bntar itu 
juga, s-bntar-bntar, dTgan sgra, ini 
jiiga, lantas (X.I.). 

Immemorial (im-me-mor'i-crl), adj. 
yatg tiada terirgat. From time 
immemorial, deri zainan perba- 

Immense (ini-mens'), adj. a mat 
bsar,'^' bukan bvntan, sargat bsar. 

Immerse (im-mers'), v. t. (in a 
fluid) rndam, acliap; (as men 
or animals) slanikan; (dip) ch- 
lop, c/icJiiih/ c/iicha'h (P.): ( en- 
gine tss, as in work) kambus* 

Immersed (im-mersf), adj. (in 
work) sihok, turgku<s-him'iis:* (in 
water, earth, etc.. but partly show- 
ing) terbnani. 

Immersion (im-mer'«hiin), s. hal 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, mim^s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ten. 




ifirihdam, hat mnchlop; see i:m;- 


Immigrant (iin'mi-graiit), s. oiwy 
( III (J a /// . ra ry her pin dah . 

Immigrate (-grat), v. i. masoh her- 
da gar;/, '^ dataig berpindah. 

Imminent (-iient), adj. yatg lin- 
dah ninimpa, dhat. Imminent 
danger, bafiya yarg hndak ninun- 

Immobility (im-mo-biri-ti), s. pri 
Had a hergml-, kttapan. 

Immoderate (im-mod'er-et), adj. 
ierlampau, teiianipon (B.), ter- 
lampau deri-pada 'ad at, yarg m- 
Ibelii jargka* Iheh deri-pada pa- 
tut, terlalu sargat. 

Immodest (im-mod'est), adj. yarg 
liada hinaroh snpan, tiada berr 
hi II J a, tiada- snonoh, ?)m.* 

Immodesty (-es-ti), adv. pri''^ tiada 

Immolate (im'mo-lat), v. t. korban- 
li-an* (Ay. gurbdn). 

Immoral (im-mor'al), adj. tiada 
hilar, jahat, chahol* luchaJi, fasilc 

Immorality (im-mo-rari-ti), s. k- 
jahataii. jierchaholan* lurhah. 

Immortal (im-mor'tal), adj. yarg 
tiada akan mati, yarg rrworgkat 
tatf/it. Irl-al, haka (Ar. baqcV). 

Immortality (im-mdr-tari-ti), s. 
prr' tiada inati, pri'^ tiada tnnasa. 

Immortalize (im-m5r'tol-iz), v. t. 
k-katk-an : (make illustrious) 
tiiiitiolkan nainaj^ masoliorkan 
nam a (Ar. nia.^hhur). 

Immovable (im-moov'a-bl), adj. 
i/arg tiada hergrak, ttap, tgoh, 

Immune (im-niuu'), adj. (exempt) 
ttphas, t pa.'i. 

Immunity (-i-ti), s. (freedom, ex- 
emption) khebaaan, klpasan. 

Immure (im-mur'), v. t. kurotg, 
jnrgit:'^ (in prison) pnjarakan* 
ielka7i (E.). 

I m m utab i I i ty ( im-mu-ta-biri-ti ) , 

s. pri'^ tiada berohah. 
Immutable (im-mu'ta-bl), adj. 

yaig tiada dapat di-obahkan, tiada 

terohali, tiada berohah, ttap. 
Imp (imp), s. anak .^etan {Xr. sliai* 

Tan), see i:mfisii. 
Impact (im'pakt), s. laiygarafi, 

Impair (im-par'), v. t. (make less) 

kurargkan; (make worse) rosak" 

kan; (make weak) tmahkan. 
Impale (im-par), v. t. sula (Sk.), 
Impalpable (im-pfd'pa-bl), adj. 

(cannot be felt) tiada berrasa; 

(not corporeal) tiada berlmbaga* 
Impanel (im-pan'el), v. t. daftar- 

kan (Ar.). 
Impart (im-parf), v. t. (give a 

share) bhagikan; (communicate) 

bri, bri taliu, kasi tali a (B.). 
Impartial (im-par'shal), adj. tiada 

chndroig, tiada brat sblah, tiada 

stilah-mryblah, 'adil. 
Impartiality (im-par-shi-ari-ti), s. 

Impassable (im-pas'a-*bl), adj. ti- 

a it a dapat di-tatui.'^ tiada dapat 

di-jalani* tiada terlintas* ta'- 

botek jalan (B.) ; (too small to 

get through) tiadd lulasJ^ 
Impassioned (im-pash'vind), adj. 

hersii iggo/i -xa iggolh hati. 
Impassive (im-pas'siv), adj. tiada 

h per ram' an. 
Impatience (im-pa'shens), s. kli-u- 

raigan sabar, panas da rah, glisah,* 

prig us;* as below. 
Impatient (-sh^nt), adj. (want of 

patience) kiirarg sabar, panas da- 

rah; (restless) gtisali,"^^ blisah;* 

(fretful) pngvs.* 
Impeach (im-pech'), v. t. (accuse) 

tudoh:"^^ (arraign) d'awa. 
Impeachment (-me-nt), s. tudoh- 

anr d'aiva. 
Impeccable (im-pek'a-bl), adj. 

tiada berdosa. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min?/s, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Impeci^nious (im-pe-ku'ni-i/s), adj. 
tiada henvanj, mishin, papa* 

Impede (ini-pecr), v. t. (keep back) 
talian : (ohstnict) skat, sarglcot, 
f/n da] (I ha n " ( Sk. I'andala ) . 

Impediment (ini-ped''i-nient), s. 
gndaia* sl-aian, 'mpairjan, san/- 
hoian, aval* (Ar. 'aradl). Impe- 
diment in speeeli, telur, gagap* 
gag oh (B.). 

Impel (iin-pel'), v. t. inipohhan, 

Impend (im-pend'), v. i. hergan- 
ioig; pee i.mmixent. 

Impenetrability (ini-pen'e-tra-l)]!'- 
i-ti), s. pri tiada lut* hbal; ha- 
lis* as ])elow. 

Impenetrable (4)1), adj. (to weap- 
ons) yaig tiada hd,* hbal; (to 
water) halis:'^ (as a net) hdap;* 
(to persons) tiada terlintas* • 

Impenitence (-i-t^ns), s. hal tiada 
hertohat (Ar. iaubat), lial tiada 

Impenitent (^(:/:'nt), adj. tiada ber- 
tobat, fiada mrgsal, dgil. 

Imperative (iin-per'a-tiv). adj. 
(authoritative) drgan hras; (obli- 
s:atorv) tadapat-tiada, wajib 
(ArSjprdla {AT.),perla (X.I.). 

Imperceptible (im-per-sep'ti-bl), 
adj. tiada tcrlihat, tiada nampah, 
tiada di-ra.'^a'i. 

Imperceptibly (-bli). adv. (slow- 
ly) prrlalian-la/ian, plan-plan. 

Imperfect (iin-per'i'ekt), adj. tiada 
smpurna, hurarg smpurna, blum 
.wipiirna, bantid, berchdra (Sk.), 
berch achat. 

Imperfection (ini-pcr-1'ek'slmn), s. 
chdra (Sk.), tharhat. 

Imperial (im-pfM-'i-^d), adj. .^-ullan 
(ft), hrajaan. 

Imperial, s. haniis.* 

Imperil (iin-per'il), v. t. daiaighan 
bahya, bahyahan. 

Imperious (im-per'i-i/s), adj. som- 
boig, bsar hati. 

Imperishable (im-per'ish-a-bl ) . 

adj. yaig tiada romh, yarg tiada 

binasa, hhal, baha'^ (Ar. baqiY). 
Impermeable (im-per'mi-a-bl), adj. 

hali.^,^' hdapj^ see i.\[1'exetkable. 
Impersonal (-son-d), adj. yatij 

tiada V ad a' an sndiri. 
Impersonate (-at), v. t. (endow 

Av-ith the form of a human beinsf) 

jlnia (Sk.) ; (represent another 

person) srupa'i* samari* samar- 

han diri.* 
Impertinent (-ti-neiit), adj. (rude) 

bofg/i-ah,'^' htiraig ajar (B.), (as a 

child) iniin.'^ 
Imperturbable (im-per-ter'ba-bl), 

adj. tiada tprhacliaa, tiada tergrah 

hati-iya, sabar. 
Impervious (im-per'vi-i/s), adj. 

Impetuous (im-pech'u-i/s), adj. (of 

the elements) gloia* impoh; (of 

pei'sons) panas da rah. 
Impetus (im'pe-t?/s), s. lajah, hna- 

m lajah-iya. 
Impiety (im-pi'e-ti), s. hal tiada 

Impinge (im-pinj'), v. i. hna. 
Impious (ini'pi-ws), adj. tiada b,v'~ 

a (J am a, tiada berbahti h-pada 

Impish (im])'ish), adj. nakal, dajal, 

hajirit (Ar, 'afrits. 
Implacable (im-phVka-bl), adj. 

/ iada terdarna iha ?/ .* 
Implant (im-planf), v. t. tanam, 

Implement (iin'ple-m^nt), e. per- 

hahas, alat (Ar.). 
Implicate (im'pli-kat), v. t. (in- 

A'olve) ma.ioh, chanipnr, hiisnt; 

(as a iliii'd party) babit. 
Implication (-kri'sli?/n), s. (state 

of \)q\w^ implicated) pri* mattoh- 

rhampnr: (as a third party) lial 

tcrbabit : (an inr|)lyiuf^, iiifer- 

eiice) hal mndatatghan, perhara 

yaig di-datarghan ; see infer. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice. it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mimts, cure, injure, 

hurry; foofl, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




Implicit (im-plis'it), adj. (implied) 
terkandorg; (without doubt) tgohj 
yakin (At.), tiada shak (Ar.). 

Implied (im-plid'), adj. (included) 
terkandorg, yatg masok. 

Implore (im-plor'), v. t. minta, po- 

Imply (im-pir), v. t. (contain b}^ 
implication) kandorg. 

Impolite (im-po-lif), adj. kurarg 
hhasa, kurarg hormat, kurayg adab 
(Ar.), liadal) (Pers.) ; (of speech) 

Impoliteness (-nes), s. kuraig hha- 
sa, etc., as above. 

Impolitic (im-pol'i-tik), adj. (with- 
out a policy) tiada bperaturan; 
(unwise) tiada berhudi; (inex- 
])edient) tiada berfaidali. 

Import (im-porf), v. t, (brino^ in) 
hawa ma^ok; (include, imply) 

Import (im'port), s. (merchandise) 
dagatgan masok f^ (intention, 
meaning) rnaksud, arti, in ana 
(Ar.), ma'na (B.). 

Importance (im-por'tans), s. kbrat- 
an, indali, inustaliak (Ar.). To 
add to one's own importance, ma- 
il alk an diri. 

Important (-tant), adj. brat, pn- 
tiig,'^ indali, mustaliak (Ar.), bu- 
kan kpalaig, bukan baratg-bararg,'* 
hukan s-baraig (B.). 

Importer (-ter), s. yarg mmhawa 
daga)gan* masok [bararg (B.)]. 

Importunate (-tu-net), adj. yarg 
inreigek-rergek, chrewet. 

Importune (im'por-tim'), v. t. re- 
rgek-rergek, dotgerg,"^ kechek. 

lijiportunity (-i-ti), s. dorgetg* 
reigek-rergek, kechek. 

Impose (im-p6s'), v. t. (lay on, in- 
tiict) Itak, knakan, jatohkan. 

Impose, V. i. To impose on, impose 
upon, tipu, perdayakan.^ 

Imposing (-ing), adj. (impressive) 

yaig mrggrakkan hati; (in appear- 
ance) sajak, hebat,* toa-pan (B.) 
(Ch. tod-pdu). 

Imposition (im-po-zish'im), s. (act 
of imposing) hal mignakan, hal 
mltak; (thing imposed) taiggoig^ 
a7i: (])unishment) hukuman; (ex- 
action) aniaya; (imposture) tipu^ 

Impossibility (im-pos-si-biri-ti), s. 
mnstahil (Ar.). 

Impossible (im-pos'si-bl), adj. yarg 
tiada boleli jadi, ta'dan,* muMahil 
(Ar.) ; (as an exclamation) manu 
boJeh, masakan.* 

Impost (im'post), s. chukai, bia 

Imposter (im-pos'ter), s. pnipu. 

Imposture (im-pos'chur), s. tipu- 

Impotence (im'po-tens), s. (sex-- 
ual) mati puchok; (weakness) A:- 
Imahan, lefak.* 

Impotent (-t^nt), adj. (sexually) 
mati puchok; (weak) letak* tiada 

Impound (im-pownd'), v. t. kurorg, 
masok paun (E.).* 

Impoverish (im-pov'er-ish), v. t. 
(make poor) papakan,* kasi mis- 
kin (B.) ; (exiiaust the strength) 
Imahkan; (make land sterile) ku- 

Impracticable (im-prak'ti^ka-bl) , 
adj. yarg tiada berlaku,* yavj tiada 
jadi, mnstahil (Ar.). 

Imprecate (im'pre-kat), v. t. sum- 
pa hi, hutoki. 

Imprecation (-ka'shwn), s. s-umpah, 
kntok, srapah,"^ sranah. 

Impregnable (im-preg'na-bl), adj. 
tiada akan tewas,'^ tiada teralah- 

Impregnate (-nnt), v. t. (make 
pregnant) bnntirgkan, hamilkan 

(Ar.)'; (of fruit) bri berbuah; 

(infuse, imbue, fill) pnohi, masoki. 
Impress (im-pres'), v. t. (imprint) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




cliap, il-an diap, chitahhan;'^ (fix 
in the mind) tanam, mtraikanj* 
(take by force, as sailors) hrali- 

Impress (im'pres), s. chap, hhas. 

Impression (im-presh'wn), s. 
(stamp, mark) chap, bJcas; (effect, 
influence) hkas, grah'an: (remem- 
brance) penrgatan. It left a 
strong impression on my mind, 
tennal-an h-daJani hati sahya. 

Impressive (im-pres'iv). adj. yaig 
mnjcjrakl'an. hati. 

Imprimatur (im-pri-ma'ter), s. izin 

Imprint (im-prinf), v. t. cliapl'an, 

Imprison (im-priz'n), v. t. (in 
gaol) pnjaral~anf^ jellcan (E.) ; 
(confine) huroiy, pityit* saryhar- 

Imprisonment (-m^'nt), s. hal I'na 
pnjara.* hal kna jel (E.). 

Im probabi 1 ity ( im-prob-a-biVi-ti) , 
s. hal iiada di-nantikan, hal tiada 

Improbable (imnprob'a-bl), adj. 
j/arg iiada di-miyka, yaiy iiada di- 
harap, ia'boleh di-tunaikan.'^ 

Impromptu (im-promp'tu), adj. 
yaty iiada di~fidiakan, seria-merta. 

Improper (im-prop'er), adj. (un- 
fit) tiada patut, iia,da layak: (nn- 
becomi n g ) ia's mrygah , * chroho h , * 
iiada monoh; (not suitable) tiada 

Improperly (-li), adv. tiada k- 
tohnan, tiada ki'uan* 

Impropriety (im-pro-pri'e-ti), s. 
(ujisiiitableness) ia'-'^iujvan, pri* 
yatg tiada hersiuju; (that which is 
im))roper) cJiroboh* klakvan ia'- 

Improve (im-proov'), v. t. (make 
better') haikki, rnolekkan. htulkan: 
(amend) pinda;* (utilize) pakai, 

Improve, v. i. (grow better) jadi 

haik, hertanihah haik; (increase) 
hertanihah; (advance) maju* 
jadi: (in healtli) haik, btah* 

Improvement (-m^nt), s. iambali- 
an, kmajuan.'^' 

Improvidence (im-prov'i-dens), s. 
kurarg chennat, kborosan. 

Improvident (-dent), adj. ta'cher- 
7nat, horos. 

Improvise (im'pro-vlz), v. i. (in 
vci-so) berpantun. 

Imprudence (im-prdO'dens), s. ku- 
rarg itgat, kurarg jaga. 

Imprudent (-dent), adj. kurarg 
iryat. knratg jaga. 

Impudence (im'pu-dens), s. horg- 
kak,'^ sJamba,'^ karaig main; as 

Impudent (-dent), adj. (bold, im- 
pertiiient) bmgkalc;'^ (shameless, 
immodest) slamba* ta'bermalu, 
ruuka thai; (as a child) rnua.* 

Impugn (im-piin'), v. t. bantalii,* 
laivan kata. 

Impulse (im'puls), s. grak'an. 

Impulsive (im-pu]'siv), adj. pana^ 

Impunity (im-pu'ui-ti), s. khebas- 
an, hal iiada kna hukum. 

Impure (im-pfir'), adj. tiada suchi, 
kotor, chiuar;* (cerempnially) na- 
jis, haram (Ar. iJt(rdni) ; (lewd) 
cJiahoI* hichnlt. 

Impurity (-i-ti), s, kch rnarar}* ko- 
tor, naji.'^. luchnh : as above. 

Imputation (im-pii-ta'sh'?/n). 
(act of imputing) hal mmbilarg- 
kan, hal innarygorgkan; (charge) 
tndohan,* tukasan* chaj (E.) 
(B.). To make a false imputa- 
tion, tukas* 

Impute (im-])ut'), v. t. (attribute, 
ascribe) bilargkan; (lay the res- 
ponsibility on) iarggorgkan. 

In (in), prep, di, dalaru, di dalam, 
k-dalam; (among, between) an- 
tara; (with reference to time) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; Tee, it, 
mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 
hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 





pada, dalani, as. pada musim liu- 
jan, in the rainy season; dalam 
tiga liari, in three clays; (after 
certain verbs) akanj^ sarna (B.), 
as perchaya akan, to believe in: 
(of languages) digan, as, mnulis 
diyan hhasa Mlai/u, to write in 
Malay; (when motion is implied) 
k', as, pergi inandi Tc-hoiain, to go 
and bathe in tbe ] xmd. Inasmuch 
as, pada hal, i<daig, sdargkan* In 
that, shah, sdarg. In the distance, 
deri jauh. In the name of, digan 

In, adv. dalani, masol', ada. In and 
ont, Muar masol', clilam-chlum:^ 
To be in, ada, hadlir* (Ar. mi- 

Inability (in-a-biri-ti), s. Jial tiada 
fahu, hal fiada her day a, hal tiada 

Inaccessible (in-ak-ses'i-'bl), adj. 
yaig tiada holeh d/i-harnpiri,* yarg 
fiada holeh di-dapati. 

Inaccuracy (in-ak'ku-ra-si), s. pri'-' 
fiada hfnl: (error) ksalahan, silap 
(Ar. I'hUdf). 

Inaccurate (-ret), adj. tiada hful, 
fiada sahih"^ (Ar. mmii), sal ah, 

Inaction (in-ak'sh7/n), s. (absence 
of motion) diam ; (idleness) ma- 

Inactive (-tiv), adj. (inert) fiada 
dapat hergral-, ta'holeli hergrah; 
(not industrious) Tciirarg raj in, 
pnjga7i.^ pnjegan (B.). 

Inadequacy (in-ad'e-kwa-si), s. h- 

Inadequate (-kwet), adj. ta'cliu- 
Jrop, fa'sampai, Imrarg, alarg- 
alanj,* tiada mniada'i* tiada 
drgan sperti-rya. 

Inadmissible (in-ad-mis'si-bl), adj. 
fiada lulus,* fiada di-trima. 

Inadvertence (-vert-ens), s. alpa,* 
lalai, I'urarg siasat (Ar.). 

Inadvertently (-ent-li), adv. dtgan 

fiurarg it gat, drgan alpa (Sk.). 
Inalienable (in-aryen-a-bl), adj. 

yarg tiada holeli di-jual, yarg tiada 

holeh di-pindali kan . 
Inane (in-an'), adj. (void of sense) 

sia-sia;* (useless) tiada hergvna. 
Inanimate (in-an'i-met), adj. tiada 

henyaiva, fiada hernafas. 
Inanition (in-a-nishVn), s. I'hulor- 

Inanity (in-an'i-ti), s. sia-sia* 
Inappeasable (in-ap-pez'a-bl), adj. 

fiada dapat di-hrifyarglx-an. 
Inapplicable (in-ap'pli-ka-bl), adj. 

fiada pa dan. tiada herpatutan, 

fiada hna, fa'sfuju. 
Inappreciable (in-ap-pre'shi-a-bl), 

adj. yarg fiada patut di-nilaihan ,* 

ferial u ItMI, sdikit sl:ali. 
Inapproachable (in-ap-proch'a-bl) , 

adj. yarg fiada holeli di-hampiri,* 

yarg fa'holeh rapat (B.). 
Inappropriate (in-ap-pro'pri-et) , 

adj. tiada padan, tiada patut, tiada 

Inaptitude (in-ap'ti-tud), s. pri* 

fiada pah am, pri* kurarg pandai. 
Inarticulate (in-ar-tik'u-let), adj. 

llaluf^ Helut* telur. 
Inasmuch (in-az-much'), adv. fol- 
lowed by as, pada hal, sdarg, sdarg-- 

Inattention (in-at-ten'sh?/n), s. 

alpa (Sk.). Z;?6?,* lalai. 
Inattentive (-tiv), adj. alpa,^ la-' 

lai^ hvrarg irgat, lcura7g jag a. 
Inaudible (in-aw'di4jl), adj. tiada 

holeli di-digar, tiada hdrgaran. 
Inaugurate (-gu-rat), v. t. (invest 

with authority) laniek i"^ (of 

kings) tahal (Ar.), nohat (Ar.) ; 

(initiate, begin) rtinla'i, Itakhan. 
Inauguration (^ra'sh^/n), s. lante¥' 

anj^ permula'an : as ahove. 
Inauspicious (in-aws-pish'z/s), adj. 

sial, nalias* (Ar. 7iaiias). 
Inborn (in'born), adj. mmhaha. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f5od, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Inbred (in'bred), adj. = iiiborn, q.v. 
Incalculable (in-karku-la-bl), adj. 

yaty iiada teniUaikan,^ iinda ter- 

liitory, tmda tpermanai,^ fiada 

ierhi^abkafi'^ (Ar. uimb). 
Incandescence (in-kan-des'sens), 

clmhya puteh. 
Incandescent (-s(?nt),, adj. her- 

chahya puteh. 
Incantation (-ta'shwn), s. jampi, 

mantra (Sk.). 
Incapability (in-kri'pa-bil'i-ti), s. 

hal tiada herhuasa, lial tiada boleh. 
Incapable (in-ka'pa-bl), adj. tiudu 

berkvasa, tiada boleh, ta'boleh, ta'~ 

dapat/^ tiada paham. 
Incapacitate (in-ka-pas'i-tat), v. t. 

(disable) Imahkan, hilanjkan kua- 

sa; (disqualify) jadikan ta'layak, 

sblahkan, tolak. 
Incapacity (-i-ti), s. hal tiada la- 
yak, hal tiada paham, hal kurarg 

Incarcerate (in-kar'sor-at) v. t. pn- 

jarakan* jelkan (E.). 
Incarnate (-net), adj. yarg mnjlma 

(Sk.), yarg tlah* rnnjadi manusia. 
Incarnate (-nat), v. t. jlma (Sk.). 
Incarnation (in-kar-na'shwn), s. 

pn jlma' an (Sk.). 
Incase (in-bis') v. t. salut,^ sadorJ* 
Incautious (in-kaw'shi/^s), adj. yarg 

kurarg irgat, kurarg jaga, lalai. 
Incendiarism (in-sen'di-a-rizm), s. 

hal mmbakar rum ah drgan srgaja. 
Incendiary (-ri), adj. yan/ srgaja 

mrabakar rumah. 
Incense (iu'seris), s. (the odour) 

bau-bauan; (tlie materials, mixed) 

dupa (Sk.), starggi (Sk. aslatgga) ; 

(benzoin) kmniyan. 
Incense, v. t. (perfume under a 

cover) ukop;^ (in the open) 

am pi* asapkan. 
Incense (in-sens'), v. t. (make 

anfrry) marahkan, gusari* panas- 

kan; see infuriate. 

Incensed (-sensf), adj. juarah, gu- 

Incentive (in-sen'tiv), s. p?ggrak* 
grak hati. 

Inception (in-sep'shim), s. per- 
mula'an, awal (Ar.). 

Incertitude (in-ser'ti-tud), s. shah 
(Ar.), ivasaigka (Sk.). 

Incessant (in-ses'sant), adj. tiada 
berlinti, t'ada brentl (B.), tiada 
berpniusan, sntiasa (Sk.), slalu. 

Incessantly (-li), adv. sntiasa 
(Sk.), slalu, bcrlalu'talu,'^' ber- 
turut-turut, tiada bersla* Inces- 
santly studyint?, tiada berchrai 
deri-pada blajar,* tkun blajar. 

Incest (in'sest), s. sumbafg* 

Incestuous (in-ses'chu-i^s), adj. 

Inch (inch), s. inchi (E.) ; (the 
lireadtli of a fLncrer) jari. By 
i nclies, bera?isur-ansur* 

Incident (in'si-d^^nt), adj. (happen- 
in or accidentally) ya^g tiba-tiba 
jadi,'^^ yatg jadi diyau ta'siyaja; 
(appertaining to) bersabit digan* 
jAr. thabit), berkna'an drgan. 

Incident, s. perkara, hal. 

Incidental (in-si-den'tal), adj. yarg 
di-sumbilkan,* yarg tiba-tiba."^ 

Incidentally (-li), adv. sambil-m- 

Incinerate (in-sin'er-at), v. t. ha- 
iguskan, jadikan abu. 

Incipient (in-sip'i-ent), adj. yarg 
bharu iinila'i, mnda. 

Incise (in-sTz'), v. t. (carve) ukir;"^ 
(cut a gash) tor eh, klar, rebak.* 

Incision (in-sizh'z/n), s. toreh, klar, 

Incisive (in-si'siv), adj. tajam. 

Incisor (-zcr), s. gigi manis, gigi 

Incite (in-sTf), v. t. (to help or ac- 
company) ajak, ajat (B.) ; (to do 
something one does not do one's 
self) asut, usot (B.), chochok. 

ate, ask, am. final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minj/s, cure, injure, 

burry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




achvm* goda;* (in cock-fighting) 

Incitement (-ment), s. asuian, 
usotan (B.), acliumanj^ 

Inciter (-er), s. pigasut, prgiisoi 
(B.), prgachiun* 

Incivility (in-si-vil'i-ti), s. hurarg 
hhasa, biadah (Pers.)- 

Inclemency (in-klem'en-si), s. 
(severity) Mrasan; (storminess) 

Inclement (-ent), adj. kras, glora."^' 

Inclination (in-kli-na'sliMn), s. 
lencliorga/n, seiget, cliondorg, chu- 
raman, as below; (of the mind) 
hati, grak hati, chndrorg. 

Incline (in-klin') v. i. (deviate) 
lenchorg; (of long objects, up- 
wards ) jorgkit; ( downwards ) 
tundok; (sideways) serget, chon- 
dorg, meriig; (of flat surfaces, up- 
wards) churam; (downw^ards) 
landai* chndronj; (sideways, as 
a deck) imhal* senderg/'' setget; 
(of the mind) chndrorg. 

Incline, v. t. lenchoigkan, joigkit- 
kan, etc., as above. 

Inclined (in-klmd'), adj. (of the 
mind) chndrorg, hrat hati; (slop- 
ing) churam. 

Inclose (in-kloz'), v. t. (within a 
ring) lergkorg; (surround) kli- 
Hrgi; (with troops) kporg; (con- 
fine, shut up) kurorg, kandarg; 
(by a fence) pagarkan; (with a 
covering) tudoig; (with a wrap- 
per) hiirgkuskan^ sa7npidkan;* 
(put in) masokkan; (slip in) slit, 
sisip;* (wrap roughly) bolot. 

Inclosure (in-klo'zhur), s. (inclosed 
space) kandatg; (in a letter) su- 
rat yarg di-kmharkan * surat yarg 
di-masokkan, (B.). 

Include (in^klud'), v. t. (contain) 
kandotg, inuat. To be included, 

Including (-ing), prep, serta drgan. 

Inclusive (in-klu'siv), adj. masok. 

Incognito (in-kog'ni-to), adv. drgan 

mryamarkan diri* 
Incoherent (in-ko-her'ent), adj. 

tiada herhuhoig; (logically) tiada 

berstuju, tiada bperaturan; (in 

speech) klalut* klelut* mrapek 

Incombustible (in-kom-bus'ti-bl), 

adj. tiada dapat di-tnakan apt* 

ta'boleh makan api (B.). 
Income (in'kum), s. (gain) laba,'^ 

untorg (B.) ; (revenue) hasil; (re- 

•ceipts) pcrolehan* pndapatan; 

(salary) gaji. Income tax, chukai 

pncharian, ivaig hairaii (N.I.), 
Incommensurable (in-kom-men'- 

shur-a-bl), adj. yarg tiada boleh 

Incommensurate (-et), adj. yarg 

tiada sama drgan, yarg bukan s- 

kdar'^' (Ar. qadar). 
Incommode (-mod'), v. t. sicsahi, 

Incommodious (-i-Ms), adj. tiada 

snarg, susah. 
Incommunicative (-mfi'ni-ka-tiv) , 

adj. pndiam, ta'suka chakap (B.). 
Incomparable (in-kom'pa-ra-bl), 

adj. ticuia bertolok,* tiuda berban^ 

dirg,* tiada tara-nja, yarg tiada 

dapat di-bandirgkan. 
Incompatibility (in-kom-pat-i-bil'- 

i-ti), s. pn* tiada berstuju. 
Incompatible (-pat'i-bl), aclj. tiada 

berstuju, bersalahan. 
Incompetence (in-kom'pe-tens), s. 

kpandaian alatg-kpalarg,* hal ku- 

raig pandai, kbbalan. 
Incompetent (-t^nt), adj. kura^g 

pandai, tiada paham, tiada kuasa. 
Incomplete (in-kom-plef), adj. 

tiada sinpurna, bluni hahis, tiada 

gnap, blum Irgkap, blwn siap. 
Incomprehensible (in-kom'pre- 

hen'si~bl), adj. tiada dapat di- 

ktdhui,'^ tiada dapat di-ryatakan, 

ta'boleh mrgerti (B.). 
Inconceivable (in-kon-sevVbl), 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; icoj it, fire 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




adj. yaiy tiada masoh 'al'al, mii^' 
ta/iil (Ar.), tiada dapat di-mrg- 

Inconclusive (-klu'siv), adj. yaiy 
tiada mmutuskan, yarg hlum slsai* 
yauj hlum slise (B.). 

Incongruity (in-kong-gro6'i-ti), s. 
/;/•{.* tiada herstuju. 

Incongruous (in-kong'groo-i^), 
adj. tiada herstuju, tiada herpatut- 
an, tiada k'na,, hersliseh* 

Inconsequent (in-kon'se-k^V6'nt), 
adj. tiada turut-mnurut. 

Inconsiderable (in-kon-sid'er-a-bl), 
adj. alaty-kpalarg, alarg-alarg* 

Inconsiderate (-et), adj. tiada m- 
nimbaig rasa. 

Inconsistency (-sis'ten-si), s. pri* 
tiada herstuju; (absurdity) harut; 
(cliaiigealileness ) linchah* 

Inconsistent (-tent), s. ti<j;da her- 
stuju, tiada hersama'an, yaty m- 
lyalaJii :* (fickle) tiada ttap. 

Inconsolable (-solVbl), adj. tiada 
ierJiiburl-an, goridali-gaulana* ta' 
hoi eh kasi hihur (B.). 

Inconspicuous (-spik'u-ws), adj. 
kurarg narupak, kurarg klihatan. 

Inconstancy (in-kon'stan-si), s. 
pri* tiada tgoh, pri* tiada ttap, 

Inconstant (-stant), adj. tiada 
tgoh, ta'ttap, herohah-ohah, lin- 
chah,* himhaiy. 

Inconsumable (in-kon-sum'a-bl) , 
adj. yaig ti<ida di-hlanjakan, yarg 
ta'holeh di-makan api. 

Incontestable (-test'a-'bl), adj. yarg 
tiada dapat di-hantahi,* yary tiada 

Incontinence (in-kon'ti-nens), s. 
(of the passions) lucJiah, gasary;* 
(of discharges) heser* 

Incontinent (-nent), adj. (uncon- 
trolled) yarg tiada tertahan; (un- 
chaste) Inrhah, rhahol,* gasarg* 

Incontrovertible (-tro-ver'ti-bl). 

adj. yarg tiada dapat di-hantahi* 
yarg taholeh di-laivankan (B.). 

Inconvenience (in-kon-ve'ni-ens ), 
s. susaJi, garggu* 

Inconvenience, v. t. sumhi, garggu- 

Inconvenient {-ent), adj. ta'snarg, 

Incorporate (in-kor'por-at), v. t. 
(combine) satukan; (introduce 
into) masokkan; (blend) cham- 
pur; (make a legal body) jadikan 

Incorporeal (in-kor-por'i-al), adj. 
tiada herlmhaga* tiada hertuhoh,* 
fad a hadan (B.). 

Incorrect (in-kor-rekf), adj. tiada 
hiul, salah, sllap (Ar. kliilaf), 
tiada sah* (Ar. saH). 

Incorrigible (in-kor'ri-ji-bl), adj. 
tiada holeh di-haikki, ta'terajar. 

Incorrupt (in-kor-rupt'), adj. (no't 
spoiled) tiada rosak; (not de- 
praved) hnar, suchi. 

Incorruptible (-i-bl), adj. (in- 
capable of decay) tiada jadi husok, 
taholeh hanchor; (not to be brib- 
ed) tiada makan snap. 

Increase (in-kres'), v. i. (become 
more or greater) tamhah, her- 
tamhah, herhan/ak-han/ak; (by 
growth) riap-riap;* (of disease) 
bntan; (by generation) pridi* 
herhiak,* mmhiak (B.). 

Increase, v. t. tamhah, tamhahi,* 
tamhahkan, hsarkan, haryakkarf, 
Ihehkau; (by adding) tokok; (a 
disease ) h nta7ikari . 

Increase (in'kres), s. tamhahan, 
klehehan, tokok. Increase of 
salary, naik gaji. 

Increasingly (in-kres'ing-li), adj. 

Incredible (in-kred'i-bl), adj. tiada 
masok 'akal, mustahil (Ar.). It 
is incredible, ma'^akan,* mana 

ate, ask, am, final, eare, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Incredulity (in-kre-du'li-ti), s. 

sliah (Ar.), iramrgka (Sk.). 
Incredulous (in-kred'u-lf/s), adj. 

yarg tiada percliaya, shah hati 

Increment (iu'kre-ment), s. tam- 

balian, tohoh. 
Incriminate (in-krim'i-nat),. v. t. 

indoh,'^' d'aica. 
Incrust (in-krusf), v. t. (coat) 

salut* Incrusted with rust, her- 

karat. Incrusted with barnacles, 

herkararg. Incrusted with mud, 

herlwmor drgan lumpur. 
Incrustation (in-krus-ta'shi/n), s. 

(deposit) kredak, kJadak;"^ (of 

rice at the liottom of the cooking 

pot) krak. 
Incubate (in'ku-bat), v. i. 'ram,^ 

kra m, ni rgramkan . 
Incubator (-ba-ter), s. dapiir p- 

Incubus (-bi/s),s. pnindeh. 
inculcate (in-kul'kat), v. t. ajar 

Inculpate (in-kurpat), v. t. chla- 

kan, salahkan; (a third party) 

Incumbency (in-kum'ben-si), s. 

(that which is incumbent) targ- 

gorgan, hbanj* (possession of 

office) pnjawatan* 
Incumbent (-bent), adj. (resting 

or imposed on) mnindeli, tertarg- 

gorg atas; (as a duty) terivajib 

hagi (Ar.). 
Incumbent, s. yarg mmgarg jaivat- 

an/^ p7ijaU'ai* 
Incumbrance (-brans), s. (obstruc- 
tion) skatan, remhet;* (burden) 

Incur (in-ker'), v. t. hia. To in- 
cur a debt, buat hutaig. 
Incurable (in-kvir'a-bl), adj. tiada 

terobatkan, tiada akan smboh* 
Incursion (in-ker'shim), s. pryraig- 

an* larggaran. 

Indebt (in-def), v. t. (bring into 
debt) tatggorgkan hutarg atas. 

Indebted (-ed), adj. berhutargj (be- 
hoklen) berhutarg kaseh* 

Indecency (in-de'spn-si), s.klakuan 
tiada bermahi, etc., as below. 

Indecent (-sent), adj. tiada ber^ 
malu, tiada snonok; (obscene) 
chabol,* luchaJt, kotor (B.) ; (of 
language) charut. 

Indecision (in-de-sizh'zm), s. kbini' 
batgnn hati, hati ta'ttap. 

Indecisive (-si'siv), adj. (not decid- 
ing) yarg tiada slsaikari [slisekan 
(B.)], yarg tiada mmutuskan; 
(hesitating) bimbarg hati. 

Indecorous (in-dek'or-ws), adj. ku- 
rarg bhasa. tiada patut, tiada sno" 
noli, tiada snirggah* chroboh* 

Indeed (in-ded'j, adv. s-smggoh-iya, 
s-bnar-rya, s-urggoh, btnl; (not 
only so, but) bahkan.* 

Indefatigable (in-de-f at'i-ga-bl) , 
aaj. tiCtaJiu pnat, rajin. 

Indefeasible (-fe'zi-bl), adj. tiada 
boleh di-batalkan, tiada boleh di- 

Indefensible (-fen'si-bl), adj. (can- 
not be defended) tiada terpli- 
hara;* (unjustifiable) ta'boleh di- 

Indefinite (in-defi-nit), adj. '(un- 
certain) tatntu; (unlimited) tiada 

Indelible (in-del'i-bl), adj. tiada 
terkapiis* ta'boleh hilarg. 

Indelicacy (-i-ka-si), s. klakuan 
kuraig bhasa, kkasaran, klakuan^ 

Indelicate (-i-ket), adj. kurarg 
bhasa, kamr, chroboh.* 

Indemnification (in-dem-ni-fi-ka'- 
^hwn), s. pri* mvggantikan rugi. 

Indemnify (in-dem'ni-fi), y. t. gan- 
tikan rugi, sileh rugi.* 

Indemnity (-ti), s. gantian rugi, 
bay e ran krugiafi; (for murder) 
bargan,* tbusan njawa, diat (Ar.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 

mirror; old, not, conirect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin iTien. 




Indent (in-denf), v. t. (notch) 
sumbiiykatij somheryl-an (B.) ; 
(dent) Ikoklcan; (bind by con- 
tract) huat perjanjian dry an ; 
(order) psan. 

Indent (in'dent), s. (order) surat 

Indentation (in-den-ta'shMn), s. 
(in the edge of knife) sumhirg, 
somheiy (B.) ; (notch) takek, ta- 
kok;* (depression) Ikok. 

Indenture (in-den'chur), s. surat 

Independence (in-de-pen'dens), s. 
k b e b asa n,k m e rclk el' a' an ( S k . ) . 

Independent (-dent), adj. (free) 
bebas, I pas deri milek ( Ar.) ; (not 
subject) tiada faJok (Ar.) ; (not 
relying on) tiada beryantorg k- 

Indescribable (-skrib'a-bl), adj. 
tiada terprikan* tiada tersifat- 
kan* taboleh di-katakan, jatyan 
di-kafa lagi. 

Indestructible (-struk'ti-bl), adj. 
tiada boleh hinasa, tiada boleh 

Indeterminable (-ter'mi-na-bl), 
adj. tiada dapat di-ktahni* tiada 
da pat di-hirygakan.* 

Indeterminate (-net), adj. ta'- 

Index (in'deks), s. (of a book) 
fahrasat* (Ar. fihrist), isi hitdb, 
dafiar (Ar.) ; (that which points 
out) pnunjok. Index finger, jari 

Index, V. t. daftarkan (Ar.). 

India (in'di-a), negri Hindi* negri 

Indiarubber (-rub'ber), s. gtali, 
karct (X.I.). 

Indian (in'di-an), adj. hindi* hin- 
dustan. Indian corn, jagorg. In- 
dian file, herddai-ddai* berbun- 
tut'buntut, berekor-ekor. Indian 
hemp, ganja. Indian ink, dawat 
china* bak (B). (Ch.). 

Indicate (in'di-kat), v. t. (point 
out) tunjok; (discover) ryatakan; 
(make known) bri tahu; (show) 

Indication (in-di-ka'shwn), s. (act 
of pointing) pri* mryatakan, etc., 
as above; (mark, token) tanda, 
kiyataan, 'alamat (Ar.). 

Indicator (in'di-ka-ter), s. per- 
tunjok' an; (pointer on a dial) 
jaroni, pnunjok.* 

Indict (in-dit'), v. t. tudoli* d'aua. 

Indictment (-ment), s. tudohan* 
surat d'awa, perdfawaan. 

Indifference (in-differ-ens), s. 
reigan, alpa* lalai, as below. 

Indifferent (-ent), adj. (unim- 
portant) rergan, tiada brat; 
(mediocre) sdaig, perttyahan;* 
(impartial) tiada sblah-mnjalah ; 
(uiiL'oncerned) alpa (Sk.), lalai, 
Had a pduli. 

Indigence (in'di-jens), s. kpapa'- 
an* hat miskin. 

Indigenous (in-dij'e-nws), adj. 
bneh; (of people) anak neyri, ter- 
nak* Durian bneh tanah Mlayu, 
the durian is indigenous in Mala}'- 

Indigent (in'di-jcnt), adj. miskin, 

Indigestible (in-di-jest'i-bl), adj. 
yatg lambat hadlani (Ar.), yarg 
lambat hanchor dalam prot, yarg 
lambat siau (Ch.) (B.). 

Indigestion (in-di-jes'chwn), s. sa- 
kit ta'hadlam (Ar.), kiiraig cher- 
na (l!^.I.)j sakit ta'siau (B.) 
(Ch) ; (causing a feeling of full- 
ness) snoh,* srgkak;* (with pain) 

Indignant (in-dig'nant), adj. gram, 

Indignation (in-dig-na'shwn), s. 
gram, marah. 

Indignity ( in-dig'ni-ti ) , s. araig di 
m'uka* malu. 

Indigo (in'di-go), s. nila, tarom.* 

.ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Indirect (in-di-rekf), adj. (not 
direct) tiada lurus; (as roads) 
mleirjkoixj, iniyempair) ; (not 
straightforward) tiada talus, pu- 
sirg hilt, terlindorg* 

Indirectly (-li), adv. drgan terlin- 
doKj,"^ bid'on trus-trarrj. 

Indiscreet (in-dis-kret'), adj. I'u- 
rain ftopaa, karaKj hijak, kurarg 

Indiscretion (-kresli'?zn), s. kurarg 
l)ijak. kuratg hudi. 

Indiscriminate (-krim'i-net), adj. 
tiada f/ileh-nimiJeh, tiada Umharg- 
inninibarg, ijarg tiada mnibeda- 

Indispensable (-pen'sa-bl), adj. 
yarg tiada hoJeh tidak, yarg ta'- 
boleh di-tirggalkan, ujajib (Ar.). 

Indispose (-pos'),v. t. (make unfit 
in health) rntankan, Imalikan; 
(render averse) buat sgan. In- 
disposed to work, sgan hkerja. I 
feel indisposed, sahija ta'sdap ba- 
dan, tularg sahya rnian,^ saliya 
Uidzur (Ar.). 

Indisposition (-po-zish'jm), s. ha- 
dan tasdap, sgan, as above. 

Indisputable (in-dis'pu-ta-bl), adj. 
tiada dapat di-hantahi.'^ 

Indissoluble (-so-lu-bl), adj. (can- 
not be dissolved) tabaleh lianchor, 
ta'boleh Ibur; (of a union) tgoh, 

Indistinct (in-dis-tingkf), adj. 
(not clear) kurarg traig, kararg 
tyata, kabus,'^ klabob (B.), sa- 
yup:'^ (confused) rncham.* 

Indistinguishable (-ting'gwish-a- 
bl), adj. tiada dapat di-bedakan. 

Indite (in-dif), v. t. haratg, rn- 

Individual (in-di-vid'u-al), adj. 
(single) tiap-tiap satu, tiap-fiap 
S-; (distinctive) masirg^masirg, 

Individual, s. orarg. 

Individuality (-al'i-ti), s. (distinc- 

tive character) tabi'at masifg^ 
masitg : (personality) ujud*^ (Ar. 

Individually (-li), adv. (separate- 
ly) niasiig-ma-sirg. 

Indivisible (-viz'i-bl), adj. yarg 
tiada terbhagi, liada dapat di- 
chraikan, ta'boleh bhagi (B.) ; 
(of numbers) tahabis di-bhagi. 

Indoctrinate (in-dok'tri-nat), v. t. 
ajar, ajari. 

Indolence (in'do-l^ns), s. malas, 
chula^^,'^ kmalasan. 

Indolent (-l^nt), adj. malas, chu- 
la^'^;^ brat tularg. 

Indomitable (in-dom'i-ta-bl), adj. 
yaig tiada tertahan, yarg tiada ter- 

Indoor (in'dor), adj. di rumah, da- 
la ni runiah. 

Indoors (in'dorz), adv. di rumah, 
dalam rumah. 

Indorse (in-dors'), v. t. (write on 
the back) talis di blakatg; (sanc- 
tion, approve) bnarkan, izinkan,* 
akui,'^ akukati (B.). 

Indorsement (-ment), s. (sig- 
nature) tanda targan; (approval) 
kbnaran, prgakuan. 

Indubitable (in-dii'bi-ta-bl), adj. 
tntu, njata, suiygoh, tiada shah 

Induce (in-dus'), v. t. (to do what 
one does one's self) ajak, ajat 
(B.) ; (to do what one does not 
do) asut, iisot (B.), achum;* (by 
persuasion) pujok; (effect, cause) 
data.rgkan^ bawa. 

Inducement (-ment), s. ajak'an, 
asutan, nsotan (B.), pujoh'an, 

Induct (in-dukf), v. t. masokkan, 
bri masok, hadapkan. 

Induction (in-duk'shim), s. (intro- 
duction) hat mriibri masok; (in 
reasoning) pri mtyambil Hbarat 
(Ar.). Electric induction, kuasa 

;ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




elel'trilc yarg di-sbabhan oleh huasa 

dalam lain kawaf.* 
Inductive (-tiv), adj. yaiy mnihawa, 

yaig mndaiargkan, yarg mrylab- 

Indue (iji-du'), v. t. Irgkapkan* 

Indulge (iii-diilj')j v. t. manjakan, 

hri mul-a, kasi miika (B.), kasi 

liali (B.). 
Indulgence (in-durgens), s. prv^ 

inmanjakan; (E. C.) am pun, k- 

Ipamn deri-pada seksa. 
Indulgent {-gent), adj. yarg niman' 

Indurate (in'du-rat), v. t. kraskan, 

Induration (-ra'slrwn), s. kkrasan, 

Industrial (in-dus'tri-al), adj. per- 

Industrious (-ws), adj. rajin, her- 

vsaha (Sk.). 
Industry (in'dus-tri), s. vsalia 

( Sk.) , krajinan; (branch of trade) 

Inebriate (in-e'bri-at); v. t. mahok- 

Inebriate (-et), s. pmahok. 
Ineffable (in-ef'fa-bl), adj. yaig 

fiada terkatakan, ta'boleh cliakap 

Ineffaceable (in-ef-fas'a-bl), adj. 

yaig tiada terliapus* ta'boleh 

Ineffective (-fek'tiv), adj. (not 

effective) tiada hasil* tiada jaya,^ 

ta'boleli jadi (B.) ; (useless) tiada 

berg una, sia-mi* 
Ineffectual (-ehu-rtl), adj. sia-sia,* 

tiada mnjampaikan; see effect. 
Inefficacious (-fi-ka'sh?/'S), adj. tiada 

ha.sil/^ tiada jaya* tiada kuasa, 

tiada berkliasiat. 
Inefficiency (-ftsh'en-si), s. pri 

tiada Juif<il* pri knrarg pandai. 
Inefficient (-^^nt), adj. = ixeffica- 

cious, q. V. ; (not able to do his 

work) tiada layak, kurarg panda, ^ 
Inelastic (in-e-Jas'tik), adj. tiada 

krnyal;^ tiada nirganjal* mati. 
Inelegant (in-ere-gant), adj. k 

ran/ elok, knrarg chantek. 
Ineligible (-i-ji-bl), adj. yarg ta'- 
boleh di-pileli. 
Inept (in-epf), adj. ta'patut, ta'^ 

layak, sia-sia.'^ 
Inequality (in-e-kwol'i-ti), s. pri 

tiada sama; (want of levelness) 

Ikak-lkok; (changeableness) per^ 

Ineradicable (-rad'i-ka-bl). adj. 

tiada terchabot. 
Inert (in-erf). adj. (with no power 

of motion) tiada dapat bergrak, 

brat; (sluggish, indolent) prygart^ 

pryegan (B.), Irgai* 
Inertia (in-er'shi-a), s. tgan."^ 
Inestimable (-es'ti-ma-bl), adj. 

tiada terprikan,"^ tiada ternilai- 

kali.'''' tiada terJiergakan. 
Inevitable (-ev'i-ta-bl), adj. yarg 

tiada dapat di-elakkan, ta'boleh di- 

Inevitably (-bli), adv. nscliaya,^ 

tadapat tiada, ta'boleh tidak, 

Inexcusable (-eks-kuz'a-bl). adj. 

ta'boleh di-anvpunkan, tiada dapat 

di-ni all apkan ( Ar. ina'af ) . 
Inexhaustible (-awst'i-bl), adj. 

tiada terhabis. 
Inexorable (iii-eks'or-a-bl). adj. 

yarg ta'waMn pujok, kras hati. 
Inexpedient (in-eks-pe'di-^nt). adj. 

tiada pa tut, tiada berfa'idah. 
Inexperience (-per'i-ens) s. kurarg' 

hiasa, kuratg lualiir* (Ar. maliir). 
Inexperienced (-enst), adj. kurarg 

biasa, kurarg niaJiir (Ar.), bhnn^ 

Inexpert (-pert'), adj. blurn pandai,, 

bin III ahli (Ar.), bhirn pakar,* 

bhuii paka (B.). 
Inexpiable (-eks'pi-a-bl), adj. yarg 

tiada boleli di-damaikan ;* (of 

6te, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injurp> 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




frillies) yaig tiada terhayer hniarg- 

Inexplicable (-pli-ka-bl), adj. ta- 
boleli di-tratykan, taboleh di-artl- 
kan, heran (Ar. Tiairdn), 'aja'ib 

Inexpressible (-efe-pres'i-bl), adj. 
ijair) tiada terkatakan, yarg tiada 

Inextinguishable (-tiuf^'g'wish-a- 
bl). adj. (of fire) tiada terpadani- 
kan : (of desire) tiada terpiiaskan. 

Inextricable (-eks'tri-ka-bl), adj. 
yarg tiada terurai* yarg tiada ter- 
orakf^ tiada dapat di-lpaskan. 

Infallibility (in-fcil-li-bil'i-ti),, s. 
pri tiada hoJeh salah, etc., as be- 
low; (certainty) ktntuan. 

Infallible (in-tarii-bl), adj. (not 
fallible) tiada boleh salah, tiada 
holeh smt; (sure, indubitable) 
tutu, yarg tiada sJiak lagi (Ar.). 

Infallibly' (-bli), adv. tntu. 

Infamous (in'fa-mz/s), adj. (of bad 
report) her nam a biisok, hernania 
jahat; (scandalous) kji.* 

Infamy (-mi), s. nama jahat, kji,* 
kkjiafb* kchla'an. 

Infancy (in'fan-si), s. masa kanak- 
kanak* numi kdiil,^ tempo kchik 

Infant (-(ant), s. kanak-kanak, 
anak krliik (B.). 

Infanticide (in-fan'ti-sid), s. pm- 
b a noli an kanak-kanak. 

Infantile (in'fan-til), adj. budak- 
h a dak, kh iidak-b udak'an* 

Infantry (-tri), s. soldado herjalan 

Infatuate (in-fac'h'u-at), v. t. bo- 
dolikan. To be infatuated, mn- 
jadi gila-brald.'^ To be infatuated 
with a woman, gilakan prempuan. 

Infatuation (-a'shwn), s. kbodohan^ 
gila-brahi,'^ ''asliik (Ar.). 

Infect (in-fekf), V. t. (with disease) 

, jaigkit, jargkitkan, jargket (B.). 
To be infected (by disease), kna 

jaigkit; (by bad influences) ter- 
kna, rosak. 

Infection (in-fek'shwn), s. ptijarg- 
kitan; (magical evil influence) 
badi^ sampok; (epidemic) sam- 
par, ha war. 

Infectious (-sh//s), adj. yarg ber- 
jaigkit, yarg mlarat. 

Infelicitous (in-fe-lis'i-tws), adj. 
tiada berbhagia;'^ (inappropriate) 
tiada patut. 

Infelicity (-ti), s. ksusahan, k- 

Infer (in-fer'), v. t. datmgkati fikir- 
ati, anibil tiinbargan, saigka sbdb 
perkara yarg sudah jadi, tinibaiy. 

Inference (in'fer-ens), s. timbarg- 
an, kputusan. 

Inferior (in-fer'i-er), adj. (in 
place) di bawah; (in rank) kuraig 
pargkat; (in excellence) kuraig 

Inferior, s. orarg pargkat di bawah. 

Inferiority (-6r'i-ti), s. kkurargan. 

Infernal (in-fer'nal), adj. nraka 
(a), isi nraka, noraka purya (B.). 

Infest (in-fesf), v. t. susaJii, piiohi, 
krunuini;^ (to repletion) tum^ 
pat;* (of insects) iirorg* 

Infidel (in'fi-del), adj. tiada ber- 
iman,* kafir (Ar.), tiada perchaya 
Tuhan Allah (B.). 

Infidel, s. oraig kafir^' (Ar. kdjir). 

Infidelity (-del'i-ti), s. (want of 
religious faith) hat tiada ber- 
agania, hal tiada berimanj* (un- 
faitlifulness) hal tiada kperchaya'^ 
an, hal tiada -stia (Sk.), khianat 

Infinite (in'fi-nit), adj. tiada bper- 
hirggaan,'^ tiada berhad (Ar.), 
aniat sargat,* terlahi sargat. 

Infinitesimal (-i-tes'i-mal), adj. 
teraniat kchil,* teraniat halus,* 
terlalii halus. 

Infinitude (in-fin'i-tud), s. (bound- 
less number) ksargatan. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minims, cure, injure, 

hurry; f5od, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




Infinity (-ti), s. pri tiada bperhiry' 

ga'an* azal (Ar.). 
Infirm (iu-ferin') , adj. (of body) 
Imah, It eh, rnian, Imah smargat, 
Imhot smargat (B.), 'udzur (Ar.), 
diaif (Ar.) ; (irresolute) him- 
harg; (not stable) tattap. 
Infirmary (-a-ri), s. rumah sahit. 
Infirmity (-i-ti), s. l-hnalian, rnian. 

Inflame (in-flrim'), v. t. ryalal'an, 
gala M'a n ; ( en rage ) gusarka n . * 
To be inflamed (of the eye), ba- 
kop:* (as a boil) merah. 
Inflammable (-flam'ma-bl), adj. 
yatg holeh rntyala, yarg IJios mtya- 
la; (irascible) prrgus* 
Inflammation (-flam-ma'slK/n), s. 
(of anger) radatg; (redness) me- 
Inflammatory (in-flam'ma-tor-i) , 
adj. (irritating, exciting) yatg 
mrggii^arl-an* yaiy mrghuru-liara- 
kan;* (of disease) yarg mradarg. 
Inflate (in-flaf), v. t. hmhorgkan, 

Inflated (-ed), adj. kmhoig; (of the 
stomach) hunchit; (with pride) 
Inflation (-fla'shwn), s. pri kml/org, 

etc., as above. 
Inflection (-flek'shwn), s. (of the 
voice) perobahon suara; (Gram.) 
perobahan perkataan, saraf (Ar.), 
tasrif* (Ar. ias.rif). 
Inflexibility (-fleks-i-bil'i-ti), s. k- 

tgaran,'^ kiqolian, etc., as below. 
Inflexible (-fleks'i-bl), adj. (stiff) 
kakv, tgar:* (firm) tgoh, kukoh:* 
(unalterable) Uada iergrak, tiada 
berobah, itap. 
Inflict (in-flikf), V. t, (cause) da- 
targkan; (lay on) Itakkan : usual- 
ly expre^ssed by kan, as, lukakan, 
to inflict a wound, sckaakan, to in- 
flict punishment. 
Infliction (-flik'sh?ni), s. hal mn- j 

datargkan, hal mUakkan, as above; 
( cal ami ty ) km a Jargan. 
Influence (in'fiu-ens), s. kuasa, 
grak; (good) berkat: (evil) badi, 
iml)asan:* (roval, either good or 
bad) dauJat (Ar.). 
Influence, v. t. grakkan, bawa, ajak^ 
a^sut, v.^oi (B.), see induce. 

Influential (-en'shal), adj. ber- 

Influenza (-za), s. dmum slsma. 

Influx (in'fluks), s. (of water ar 
light) panchutan :'^ (of persons) 
kdata iga n, km asoVa n . 

Infold (in-fold'), v. t. balut, bbaf^ 
burgkiis, barut, bolot. 

Inform (in-form'), v. t. bri tahu, 
m'ahi mkan ( Ar. ) , khaharkan^ 
ivertakan,'^' ajar, kasi tahu (B.). 

Informal (-a\), adj. (without cere- 
mony) tiada bperaturan, fada 
pakai 'adat (B.). 

Informant (-crnt), s. pmbri tahu,, 

Information (in-for-ma'sh-un), s. 
khabar, biita,* werta* (Sk. 
warta), pennnhiman (Ar.). 

Informer (in-form'er), s. pnd'awa^ 
pnudoh ;* (employed by police) 
pama,'^ ampama* (E.), tahtui 
( B. ) ( Ch. tha u-d ) , ptgakap,* han- 

Infraction (-frak'sh-wn), s. larggar^ 

Infringe (in-frinj'), v. t. larggar, 
lair an, lalui* 

Infringement (-m^nt), s. Jarggar^ 

Infuriate (in-fur'i-at), v. t. gvsar^ 
kan,* bera.7gkan,* gmberakan."^ 

Infuse (in-fuz'), v. t. (pour in) 
tuargkan, churahkan; (instil, in- 
troduce) m-asokkan, pnohkan; 
(steep in water) rndum, sdoh.* 

Infusible (-i-bl), adj. tiada terlbur. 

Infusion (-fij'zh?/n), s. (act of in- 
fusing) pri mmiargkan, eie., sea 
infuse; (that which is infused) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




sdohan* rndaman; (liquid ex- 
tract) ayer. 

Ingathering (in'ga^/j-er-ing), s. 
(harvest) pnvaian* prgtaman.^ 

Ingenious (in-jen'ytis), adj. (skil- 
ful) pandai, pantas, her'al'ol, ta- 
jam 'al'al; (shrewd) cherdek. 

Ingenuity (in-je-nu'i-ti), s. Icpan- 
iasan, kpandamn, 'akal, cherdek. 

Ingenuous (-jen'u-i^), adj. (noble) 
barr/sawan* berhargsa, mulm; 
(upright) tulm hati ; (without dis- 
i^imulation) puteh hati, trus hati, 
hati htul (B.). 

Inglorious (-glor'i-i/s), adj. (ob- 
j-cure) tiada invlia, rndah; (shame- 
ful) hina. 

Ingot (in'got), s. (of tin) jorgkoty* 

Ingraft (in-graff), v. t. chargkok- 

Ingrain (in-gran'), v. t. (with dirt) 
tumor; (of moral qualities) ta- 
na ni. 

Ingratiate (-gra'shi-at), v. t. per- 

Ingratitude (-grat'i-tud), s. pri 
tiada mnrima kaseh, pri tiada m- 
irjnanjkan budi, pri mrcjhilargkan 
baik orarg, bo-jiiicherg (B.) (Ch.). 

Ingredient (-gre'di-ent), s. (com- 
ponent part) bhagian; (materials 
collected) 7'ainiM'amiMn ,'^ aivas^ 
(W.), praivis;* (of a medical pres- 
cription) rmpah. The principal 

Ingress (in'gres), s. (act of enter- 
ing) pri masok; (liberty to enter) 
izin masok. 

Ingrowing (in'gro-ing), adj. In- 
growing nail, kukn mnchrykamj^ 

Ingulf (in-gulf), v. t. tlan. 

Inhabit (in-hab'it), v. t. diami* 
dudoki* tirggal (B.). 

Inhabitable (-a-bl), adj. tiudu ter- 
diami*' ta'bolch di-dudoki* ta- 
boleh tirggal (B.). 

Inhabitant (-ant), s. isi, as, isi ru- 

mah, isi negri. 
Inhale (in-hal'), v. t. tarek nafaSj. 

hisap, sdut* 
Inharmonious (in-har-mo'ni-tis), 

adj. tiada berstuju, mergut* jarg^ 

gal* sumbargJ^ 
Inhere (in-her'), v. i. (stick in) 

Jkat; (be fixed) sargkot. 
Inherent (-ent), adj. (permanently 

existing) memarg; (innate) ter- 

tanam, tersargkot. 
Inherit (-her'it), v. t. psaka'i* mi^ 

h'ki (Ar.), warisi (Ar. icarith)^ 

dapat pmka (B.). 
Inheritance (-ans), s. psaka, pu- 

saka, saka-baka* baka.* 
Inheritor (-er), s. waris (Ar. tvd^ 

rith ) . 
Inhibit (-hib'it), v. t. (hold back) 

tahankan, tgahkan; (forbid) la~ 

Inhospitable (-hos'pi-ta-bl), adj. 

1/arg ta'suka innjamn* tiada ber~ 

budi; (of places) tiada tmpat ber- 

Inhuman (-hu'man), adj. bigis^. 

garias,'^ tiada jnnaroh kasehan. 
Inhumanity (-hu-man'i-ti), s. fc- 

Inhume (in-lmm'), v. t. tanam, 

Inimical (in-im'i-kal), adj. brr^ 

stru* bermusoli, mlawan, vi- 

Inimitable (-ta-bl), adj. tiada ter- 

tiru* yafg tiada dapat di-tumi, 

tiada berbandirg, tiada bertolok* 
Iniquitous (in-ik'wi-t?is), adj. ja- 

hat, amat jaJtat* jahat skali. 
Iniquity (-ti), s. kjahatan^ dosa. 
Initial (in-ish'al), adj. mula-mula, 

yarg pertama, kpala, atval (Ar.). 
Initial, s. hianif yarg pertatna* 

huruf migganti nama.'^ 
Initiate (-i-at), v. t. (conmience) 

■mula'i, mulai (B.) ; (instruct) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry ; food, foot, awf ool (awful) ; law, how, oil ; thin then. 




ajar, ajari; (confer membership) 

Initiation (-a'shwn), s. permula'an, 

piijajaran, pri mmasokkan, as 

Initiative (-a-tiv), s. (first step) 

lanjkah permula'an. 
Inject (in-jekt')^ v. t. bomha k- 

dalam, masohkan. 
Injection (-jek'shi/n), s. (act of in- 
jecting) hal mnibomha k-dalam; 

(thing injected) hararg yarg di- 

Injudicious (-ju-dish'ws), adj. tiada 

Umhaiy-mnimbaiy, hurarg budi, 

kuraig bijalv. 
Injunction (-juugk'shvm), s. (com- 
mand) hul'uiu, prentah; (pre- 
ventive) tqahan. 
Injure (in'jur), v. t. rosahTcan, cha- 

(■haikan, clidrakan (Sk.), bnchana- 

kan, bri niudlarat (Ar.) ; (wound) 

lukakan; (slander) busokkan^ ja- 

Injurious (in-jiir'i-i^s), adj. yarg 

mrosakkan, berbnchana, yarg mm- 

bri niudlarat (Ar.). 
Injury (in'jur-i), s. krosak'an, 

chdra (Sk.), bnchana, chacliat, 

mudlarat (At.) ; (wonnd) laka. 
Injustice (in-jus'tis), s. aniaya, 

flaUni (Ar.). 
Ink (ingk), s. da f cat (Ar.), tinta 

Ink, V. t. lumorkan dtgan dawat. 
Inkling (irjgk'ling), s. imrat (Ar. 

Inkstand (-stand), s. tnipat dawat,* 

hkas dniraf* fin pat tinta. 
Inky (-i), adj. Mtam Igani. 
Inlaid (in-lad'), adj. bertatahkan* 

hprsndikan,* di-tanam (B.). 
Inland (in'land), adj. (npcountry) 

nlu: (as opposed to on the sea) di 

Inlay (in-la'), v. t. sndikan* tanam 

Inlet (in'let), s. (place of entrance) 

pintu; (in tbe shore) tlok : 
(small) suak.* 

Inmate (in'mat), s. orarg isi* orarg 
yanj mnunipavj. 

Inmost (in'most), adj. yarg dalam 

Inn (in), s. runiah tunipargan, ru- 
nt ah, makan, hotel (E.). 

Innate (in-nat') , adj. (inborn) 
saka-baka;* (inlierent) tertanam. 

Inner (in'ner), adj. (interior) da- 
lam., sblah dalam; (pertaining to 
the spirit) batin* (Ar. baTin). 

Innermost (-most), adj. yarg da- 
lam skali. 

Innings (in'ningz), s. giliran.* 

Innocence (in'no-sens), s. (freedom 
from sin or guilt) hal tiada 
berdosa, ksuchian, ktulusan; (sim- 
plicity, silliness) kbbalan. 

Innocent (-sr?nt), adj. tiada ber- 
dom, tiada bersalah, tidus hati. 

Innocuous (in-nok'u-?/s), adj. yaig 
tiada nimbri bnchana, tiada nimbri 
rnndlarat (Ar.). 

Innovation (in-no-vri'shim), s, per- 
kara bharu. 

Innuendo (in-nu-en'do), s. sindir- 

Innumerable (-nu'mer-a-bl), adj. 
tiada terhitorg, tiada tpermna'i,* 
tiada terhimhkan* (Ar. msdb). 

Inoculate (-ok'u-lat), v. t. tanam. 
chachar atau lain ptyakit, jargkit- 

Inodorous (-5'cler-</.s), adj. tiada 

Inoffensive (-of-fen'siv), adj. yarg 
tiada mtyusahi^ yarg tiada mmbri 
bnchana, yarg tiada mndatargkan 
mudlarat (Ar.). 

Inoperative (-op'er-a-tiv), adj. yarg 
tiada berlaku* yarg tiada jaya* 
yarg ta'boleh jadi (B.). 

Inopportune (-op'por-tiin), adj. 
yarg bnkan ktika-n/a, salah waktu, 

Inordinate (-or'di-net), adj. tiada 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; 5]d, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin then. 




bperhirya'an,* terlaJu sanfat, ter- 

lampau, terlampon (B.). 
Inorganic (-or-gan'ik), adj. tiada 

hernjaira, tiada hidop, tiada tuin- 

Inquest (in'kwest), s. siamf^ deri- 

hal kmatian [prehsa (B.)]. 
Inquire (in-kwir'), v. i. (ask a 

(juestion) tatya: (make an ex- 
amination) preksa, siasat (Ar.), 

fiJidel'* fafahus'^ (Ar. tdfauuus) ; 

(secretly) risel'. 
Inquirer (-er), s. yaig mnaiya, p- 

narya, pmerel'sa, prylidelc* pryia' 

sat (At.). 
Inquiry (-i), s. pertarya'an, p- 

mrehsa'an^ siasat (Ar.), prylidek' 

Inquisition (in-kwi-zish''2/n), s. 

(inquiry) see above; (E. C.) 

majlis yaiy mryiasat* dan niryehsa- 

lean- orarg yarg hulcan Katolik. 
Inquisitive (-kwiz'i-tiv), adj. yarg 

suka miyUdek* yarg pduUkan hal 

Inquisitor (-ter), s. sidarg* majlis 

" inquisition." q. y. 
Inquisitorial (-tor'i-al), adj. yatg 

iniyiasat* dig an kras [^preksa 

Inroad (in 'rod), s. piyrarganf^ larg- 

garan musoh. 
Insalubrious (in-sa-lii'bri-w.s), adj. 

tiada mmhri seJiat. 
Insane (in-san'), adj. (mad) giJa; 

(deranged in mind) sasar^ tiada 

Insanity (-san'i-ti), s. gila, k- 

Insatiable (-sa'shi-a-bl), adj. ta'- 

puns, ta'holeh kriryaig, slak.* 
Inscribe (in-skrib'j, v. t. (enorrave) 

7/1'/*?%* lukis; (mark with letters) 

Inscription (-skrip'slizm), s. ukir- 

an,* lukisan, tulisan. 
Inscrutable (-skr56'ta-bl), s. tiada 

tei'slidek* ghaih (Ar.). 

Insect (in'sekt), s. ulat dan Unatarg 
kckil-kchil, srargga ( Sk. ) . 

Insecure (in-se-kiir'), adj. (not 
secure) tiada kukoh,* tiada tgoh; 
(nnstable) tiada ttap; (not safe) 
tiada slwmat, herhahya; (tied or 
fixed too loose) chppol.'^ 

Insecurity (-i-ti), s. pri tiada 
kukoh,^ etc., as above; (danger) 

Insensibility (-sen-si-biri-ti), s. 
pri tiada khaharkan diri/* hal 
tiada sdar, pergsan. 

Insensible (-sen'si-bl), adj. (devoid 
of feeling) tiada herrasa; (uncon- 
scious) pergsan, tiada sdar, tiada 
khaharkan diri:* (as in epilepsy) 
slapj'^ (for a short time) hilarg 

Insensibly (-bli), adv. (impercep- 
tibly) perlahan-Iahan, plan-plan. 

Insensitive (in-sen'si-tiv), adj. 
sbar, laJi.^ See numb. 

Inseparable (-sep'er-a-bl), adj. 
yaig ta'holeh di-chraikan. 

Insert (in-serf), v. t. (put in) 
rnasokkan; (slip in between two 
surfaces) slit, sisip.* 

Insertion (-ser'shz/n), s. (act of in- 
serting) pri mmasokkan; (lace) 
pita (Port.). 

Inside (in'sid'), prep, dalam, di 
dalani . 

Inside, adj. dalani , yaig shlah da- 

Inside, s. shlah dalani. 

Insidious (in-sid'i-ws) adj. (lying 
in wait) yarg migndap, yarg mrg- 
adarg; (dec-eitful) pnipu; (trea- 
cherous) khianat (Ar.) ; (con- 
cealed, hidden) sulit.* 

Insight (in'sTt), s. (perception) 
prgertian, prgtahuan. 

Insignia (in-sig'ni-a), s. tanda k- 
hsaran, tanda jawatan;* (royal) 
alat kraja'an (Ar.). 

Insignificant (-sig-nifi-kant), adj. 
(meaningless) tiada herarti; (un- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, s5re, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




important) alary-kpalarg, rergan, 

sia-sia:* (mean) liina, terhina. 
insincere (-sin-ser'), adj. tiada 

tiiliis, pura-pura,^ muka-muka, 

duda,^ munafik (Ar.). 
Insincerity (-ser'i-ti), s. pura- 

pu ra , * m u ka-mii ka . 
Insinuate (-sin'u-at), v. i. (flow 

♦rentW in) srap;'^' (ingratiate one's 

self) chumbu* lecheh* 
Insinuate, v. t. masokkan perJahan- 

lahan., masokkan plan-plan, tlap- 

kan;* (hint) sindiri. 
Insinuation (-sin-u-a'shwn), s. 

chiimbuan* sindiran, as above. 
Insipid (-sip'id), adj. taivar, tawar- 

hehirj^ tawar-mnjamhar (B.), pa- 

ynu, chain pah* 
Insist (in-sisf), v. i. (be persistent) 

bersuiygoh-surggoh hati, berkuat- 

kiiat; (urge others) paksa, qa- 

gahi:'^ (by punishment) dra.'^ 
Insolence (in'so-lens), s. somhorg, 

clioigkak, purgah,* borgkak;*' as 

Insolent (-lent), adj. (haughty) 

somborg, dioigkak, purgah;'^ (dis- 
respectful to superiors) boigkak,"^ 

kvrarg ajar; (brazen faced) miika 

slamba, imnl* 
Insoluble (in-sol'u-bl), adj. imda 

Insolvency (-ven-si), s. pri tiada 

tcrbayer hutarg. 
Insolvent (-vent), adj. yatg tiada 

da pat mmbayer hufarg-rya. 
Insomnia (-som'ni-a), s. pnjakit 

Insomuch (in'so-much'), adv. s- 

kirggaj^ sampai. 
Inspect (in-spekf), v. t. (look on, 

scrutinize) lihaii, belek, iatap* 

pei'hatikaii; (examine) preksa, 

slidck* siasat (Ar.). 
Inspection (-spek'sh^n), s. pm- 

reksaan, pri mlihati, etc., as 


Inspector (-ter), s. pmreksa, /.- 
lylidek/^ j>fyimat (Ar.), natlir 
(Ar.), inspekter (E.). Inspec- 
tor of police, mriryii (Port.), 6/-/- 
nja (B.). Inspector of schools, 
pmreksa .skolah. 

Inspiration (-spi-ra'slmn), s. (draw- ^ 
ing breath) tarek nafas; (divine 
iuiiueuce) ilham (Ar.) ; (a higher 
form) ?('rt/ii* (Ar. iraiiyii). 

Inspire (in-spir'), v. t. (infuse into 
the mind) datanjkan; (super- 
naturally) ilhamkan (Ar.), wahi- 
kan (Ar.). To inspire courage, 
perrajgsargkan* branikan. To 
inspire confidence, data^gkan k- 

Inspirit (-spir'it), v. t. (animate) 
hidopkan, bargkitkan; (encour- 
age) bri hati, branikan, perratg- 

Instability (in'sta-bil'i-ti), s. pri 
tiada tgoh, tiada ttap; (of cha- 
racter) rnchani/^ linchah* hat 
tiada ttap. 

Install (in-stawl'), v. t. (set in a 
seat) dudokkan; (place of office) 
glarkan, lantek;* (of kings) tabaJ- 
kan* (Ar. Tabal), nobatkan* (Ar. 

Installation (in'stol-la'sht^n), s. 
gJaran, lantek'an* 

Instalment (in-stawl'ment), s. pm- 
bayeran sdikit-sdikit ; (fixed por- 
tion) ansuran; (irregular) ww- 

Instance (in'stans), s. (solicitation) 
perminta'an; (time, occasion) 
kali; (illustrative case) perkara. 
For instance, umpama-rya, mesal- 
vja (Ar. mithal). 

Instance, v. t. timpaniakan, mesal- 
kan (Ar. mithal). 

Instant (-stant), adj. (urgent) 
tkiin, yakin (Ar.), taat (Ar.) ; 
(without delay) sgra, bargat.* 

Instant, s. s-kjap, s-kjap mata, s- 

iite, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




hntar, s-sa'at* (Ar. saat) ; (pre- 
sent month) bulan ini. 

Instantaneous (in'stan-ta'ni-t/s) , 
adj. serta-merta, s-bntar jiiga. 

Instantly (in'smnt-li), adv. (im- 
mediately) serta-merta; (earnest- 
ly) drcjan tkiin, dtgan fa' at (Ar.). 

Instead (in-sted'), adv. al-an qanti, 
lisahl-an* Instead of ^ainino^ he 
lost the more, usahkan* heruntorg 
hertamhah-tainbah rugi-rya, ta- 
kata untoig hnlek rugi lagi warg- 
nja (B.). 

Instep (in'step), s. kura-kura kaki* 

Instigate (in'sti-gat) v. t. asiit, usot 
(B.), aclium* see induce. 

Instigator (-er), s. ptyasut* tio- 
karg-mrgusot (B.), pmhatu-api* 
batn api (B.). 

Instil (in-stil'), v. t. (drop in) fi- 
tekkan; (impart gradually) ma- 
sokkaii perlahan-lahan, tanam, 

Instinct (in-stingkt'), adj. (ani- 
mated) hidop. Instinct with life, 
'berbgkap dtgan hay at. "^ 

Instinct (in'stingkt), s. (natural 
impulse) tabi'at. 

Instinctive (in-stino-k'tiv), adj. 
(natural, witli intention) s-nie- 
711 arg, as, an instinctive dread, s- 
mematy takot. Instinctive actions 
are expressed by the prefix ter, as. 
terkjut, terpranjat, etc. 

Institute (in'sti-tut), v. t. (esta- 
blish) adakati, jadikan, dlrikan, 
Itakkan, tntukan; (begin) mula'i, 
rtiulai (B.). 

Institute, s. (society) perskutuan,^ 
korgsi (Ch.) ; (college) skolah 

Institution (-tii'shi^n), s. (act of 
instituting) pri mrgadakati, etc., 
see institute; (laws or customs) 
'adat, 'adat Imbaga* undarg- 
undatg;* (society) perskutuan* 
korgsi (Ch.). 

Instruct (in-strukf), v. t. (teach) 
ajar; (advise) nasihatkah;* (com- 
mand) psan, surok, prentah; (as 
kings) iitahr 

Instruction (in-struk'slmn), s. pig- 
ajaran. nasiltat* psanan, hakiiin, 
prentah ; as above. 

Instructive (-tiv), adj. bensi pig- 

Instructor (-ter), s. guru, pigajar. 

Instrument (in'stroo-ment), s. per~ 
kakas; (of music) buryi-buryiari. 

Instrumental (-men'tal), adj. 
(helpful) berguna. Instrumental 
music, buiyi-biiryian. 

Instrumentality (-men-tari-ti), s. 
pri mmakai. Through the instru- 
mentality of, drgati pertolorgan, 

Insubordinate (in'sub-or'di-net) , 
adj. derhaka, iiada taat* (Ar. 
Taai ) . 

Insubordination (-na'shwn), s. 

Insufferable (in-suffer-a-bl), adj. 
yatg tiada terdrita* tiada ter- 
tahan, tiada tertatggorg. 

Insufficiency (in'suf-fish'en-si), s. 

Insufficient (-6'nt), adj. kurarg. 

Insular (in'su-ler), adj. deri-pada 
pulau, pidau (a) ; (narrow, illi- 
beral) snipit. 

Insulate (-lat), v. t. (isolate) asirg- 
ka n , su k u-s u kn ka n . * 

Insulation (-la'shun), s. (act of in- 
sulating) pri migasirgkan; (that 
w^hich insulates, on wires) pnibahit 

Insulator (-la-ter), s. (telegi-aph) 
margkok taligrap.'^ 

Insult (in'sult), s. chercha (Sk.), 
nsta (Sk.), 'aib (Ar.), honar 

Insult (in-sulf), v. t. chercha* 
nsta* hinakan, 'aibkan (Ar.), 
kasi main (B.) ; (by extending the 
thumb and finger) mnjrgkal muka. 

.-ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minwa, cure, injure, 

hurry; f65d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Insulting (-ing), adj. yarg mnsta- 
kan* yaiy nimbri 'aih (Ar.), yaty 
Ji-aM mahi (B.), yary ininbuat 

Insuperable (in-su'per-a-bl), adj. 
yary tiada dapaf di-lalui* yary 
tiada teralahlwi* yary taboleh di- 
kalalikan (B.). 

Insupportable (in'sup-port'a-br), 
adj. tldda tcrdrita,^ tiada ter- 
iahan, tiada tertaryyory. 

Insurance (in-shur'ans), s. (guar- 
antee) pryakuan; (indemnifica- 
tion) inshiiran (E.). 

Insure (in-shur'), v. t. (make sure) 
tntukan^ sutyyolikan; (against 
loss) masok inshuran (E.). 

Insurgent (in-ser'jent), adj. der- 

Insurgent, s. orary derhaka. 

Insurmountable (in'ser-mownt'a- 
bl), adj. yaiy tiada da pat di-lalmJ' 

. yary tiada terdaki,^ yary tiada ter- 
alahkan,'^ yary ta'holeh di-kalali- 
kan (B.). ■ 

Insurrection (-rok'slii/n), s. helot, 

Insusceptible (in'sus-sep'ti-bl). adj. 
tiada herrasa, tiada teryrak. 

Intact (in-takt'), adj. tiada ter- 
sntoli, tiada chachat, tiada rosaJc, 
layi smpurna. 

Intaglio (in-tag'li-o or in-tal'vo), s. 
yamhar terukir* yamhar terlukis. 

Intangible ( in-tan' ji-bl), adj. yaiy 
tiada terjamali' 

Integer (in'te-jer), s. aryka ynap* 

Integral (-gral), adj. pnoh, ynap, 

Integrity (in-teg'ri-ti), s. (com- 
pleteness) ksmpurna'an; (hones- 
ty) kt'idusan, ekhlas (Ar.), tulus- 
eklilas^ (At. ikhld^). 

Intellect (in'tel-lekt), s. 'akal, 

Intellectual (-lek'choo-o^l), adj. 
he/akal, hijak, 'arif (Ar.). 

Intelligence (in-tel'li-jens), s. (act 

of knowing, capacity to know) 
prytakuan, pryertian; (news, in- 
formation) klinhar, brita;^ werta.* 

Intelligent (-jent), adj. ber'ahal, 
berp)Ljialniati, Urrif (Ar.), pintar 

Intelligible (-ji-bl), adj. yary dapat 
uranj niryerti, berarti, trary, njata. 

Intemperance (in-tem'per-ans), s. 
klbchan, klaiiLpauan/^ kmahok-an; 
as beJow. 

Intemperate (-et), adj. (immoder- 
ate) /iV/t?«.6/je'/'/M7,(/(^«.'art^* tiada ter^ 
talian, Ibeh deri-pada 'adat, lam- 
pail* deri-pada 'adat [terlampon 
(B.)] : (in the use of alcohol) 
yaty rninum mahok. 

Intend (in-tend'), v. t. (fix the 
mind) man, hndak, berkahandak, 
berniat, bermaksud, tntukan. To 
intend to do (do intentionally), 
buat dryan sryaja. 

Intended (-ed), adj. (purposed, 
designed) tertntu, di-kaliandaki,^ 
di- m ak>iii dkan , * sryaja. 

Intended, s. tunaryan. 

Intense (-tens'), adj. (earnest) 
tkun, yakin (Ar.) ; (extreme, ex- 
cessive) saryat, arnat,* terlalu, ter- 
larnpau* terlampon (B.) ; (of 
pain) trok; (of heat) trek, kras. 

Intensely (-li), adv. teramat,* ter- 
saryat, etc.. as above. 

Intensify (-ten'si-fl), v. t. Tbelii,. 
tambahi, kiiatkan. 

Intensity (-ti), s. ksaryatan. 

Intent (in-tenf), adj. tkun, yakin 
(Ar.), rajin; (of the gaze) m- 

Intent, s. kaliandak, niat, maksud. 
To all intents and purposes, dalam 
syala hal-eltwaJ,* see event. 

Intention (-ten'sh?m), s. kaJtandak, 
7iiat, kmauan, man, maksud, kasad 
(Ar.), hajat* (Ar. udjat). 

Intentional (-al), adj. sryaja. 

Intently (in-tent'-li), adv. dryan 
tkun, dryan yakin (Ar.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire^ 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Inter (in-ter'), v. t. I'uhurl'an, fa- 
il am. 

Intercede (in'ter-sed'), v. i. (me- 
diate) jadi orarij tiyah, jadi pty- 
(infara* jodi pndamai:'* (make in- 
tercession) minfa damai* minta 
ampun, soroKj damai* luolion* 
hf^rJjuaf sliafaat (Ar.). 

intercept (-sept'), v. t. (cateli on 
the way) targl-ap trgah jaJau; (by 
a short cut) pin fas;* (stop) ta- 
hankan, herhntikan; (obstruct) 

Intercession (-sesh/wn), s. pniohon- 
rt//,* pi'rdaniaiau* shafa'at (Ar,). 

Intercessor (-ses'ser), s. pryan- 
fara,'^ pndaniai,'^ oraty tiyah. 

Interchange (-chanj'), v. t. (ex- 
chano-e) tnkar; (mutually) tukar- 
rnnukar; (interminf^le) ckampur. 

Intercourse (in'ter-kors), s. (con- 
nection) perhuboryan, perramah- 
an* raniah;* (association) per- 
s-kutuan.* Sexual intercourse, per- 
satnan, persiuhohan* j'lnia (Ar.). 

Interdict ( -dikt' ) , v. i. tgahkan, 
laraigkan, pantatgkan, liaramkan. 

Interest (in'ter-est), s. (feeling) 
rhita* perrasa'an; (share, por- 
tion) hhagian; (advantage) fa'- 
idah; (prolit) untory, laha;* (for 
a loan) hnrya wary, laba* riba 
(Ar.). To take an interest in, 
indahkan* To take no interest 
ill, fiada pdali, tiada liirau* 

Interest, v. t. (awaken interest) da- 
taigkan fikiran, barykitkan chita' 
chifa* sukakan liati. 

Interesting (-ing), adj. yaiy nuyu- 
kakan hati, ijary niinbatykitkan 

Interfere (in'ter-ler'), v. i. (come 
in collision) mlawan-lawan; (in 
conveisation) sanipok, miyampok 
(B.) : (intermeddle) champur, 
masok mulut, masok iaiyan. To 
interfere with, garyyii* kachau. 

Interference (-<?ns), s. pri masoh 

eh am pur, etc., as above. 
Interim (in'ter-im), s. aiitara. In 

the interim, dalani anfara itu. 
Interior (in-ter'i-er), adj. dalam, 

sblak dalam. 
Interior, s. dalani, sblah dalam; (of 

a country) ulu. 
Interjection (in'ter-jek'shi/n), s. 

//erkafa'an yaty niryjot atau m- 

tyrii,* sruan.* 
Interlace (-las'), v. t. aryam, sry- 

Interlard (-lard'), v. t. champur. 
Interleave (-lev'), v. t. slaiy-slary- 

kan kertas. 
Interlinear (-lin'i-er), adj. berslarg- 

slarg bar is. 
Interlocution (-lo-ku'shim) s. per- 

Interlope (-lop'), v. i. (meddle) 

niasok champur; (intrude) tmpoh 

Interloper (-er), s. orary yarg m- 

nmpok masoh. 
Interlude' (in'ter-lud), s. permain- 

an .^mantar.a* layu smantara.* 
Intermarriage (-mar'rij), s. pri 

kalnrin-niahwin, kaliivin satu 

sama lam (B.). 
Intermarry (-ri), v. i. kaliwin-mah- 

ir'ui^ berkah win-kahwinan. 
Intermeddle (-med'dl), v. i. masoh 

champur, niasok taryan, masoh 

mulut, see IXTEIIFERE. 

Intermediary (-me'di-a-ri), s. orary 

tigah, prgantara.* 
Intermediate (-et), adj. (in the 

middle ])]ace or degree) pertrgah- 

an, sdarg; (intervening) berslaty- 

Interment (in-ter'mfmt), s. per- 

Interminable (-mi-na-bl), adj. 

tiada bperliliyyaan,* tiada her- 

ksudahan, tiada herkputusan. 
Intermingle (in'ter-ming'gl), v. i. 

bercham pur-gaul. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Intermission (-misli'wn), s. per- 
hntian. Without intermission, 
tiada herkputusan, tiada berjda 
(Ar. ). tidda hernia ^' 

Intermit (-mit'). v. i. herhnii, ter- 
hnti, herdarg-sla'iy. 

Intermittent (-ttmt), adj. herslarg, 
uiuhanj-unchit* Intermittent fe- 
ver, dmam herslarg hari, dm am 
lat-lat hari. 

Intermix (-miks') y. i. berchamptor- 

Intermixture (-miks'clmr)^ ^.cliam- 

Internal (in-ter'nal), adj. dalain, 
sblah dalam; (pertaining to the 
heart) batin* (Ar. baTin). 

International (-nash'im-al), adj. 
bbrapa barym (a), antara bargsa- 

Internecine (-ne'sin), adj. ber- 

Interpellate (-pel'lat)^ v. t. preksa, 
siami (Ar.). 

Interpolate (in-ter'po-lat), v. t. 
tambah perl'ata'an, slit. 

Interpose (in'ter-p5s'), v. t. adarg- 
kan, wasoJckan, slithan, galafgl'an. 

Interpose, v. i. Irai* mcv^ok sama 
irgah, see interfere. 

Interpret (in-ter'pret), v. t. (ex- 
plain) trargkan, artikan, m^ana- 
kan: (dreams) fabir (Ar.) ; 
(writings) tafsirkan (Ar.) ; (lan- 
guages) terjmahkan (Ar.), salin- 

Interpret, v. i. jadi juru-bhasa. 

Interpretation (-pre-ta'sh«n), s. 
arti, m'ana, fabir (At.), tafsir 
(Ar.), terjmah (Ar.) ; as above. 

Interpreter (-pret-er), s. jurn- 

Interregnum (in'ter-reg'nwm), s. 
mma pmargknan.* 

Interrogate (in-ter'ro-gat), v. t. 
sual, preksa, taiyarmnarya, usul- 
preksa,"^ tatyai* 

Interrogation (-ga'sht^n), 8. per- 

tanja'an. Mark of interrogation,. 
ianda sual, tanda taiya [?]. 

Interrupt (in'ter-rupf), v. t. (stop,, 
hinder) 'wparg, skat; (in conver- 
sation) sampok, mtyampok (B.), 
janipok;* (cause to cease) berhn^ 

Interruption (-rup'shim), s. (act 
of interrupting) pri mrgmpargy. 
etc., as above. 

Intersect (-sekt'), v. t. (divide into 
parts) bhagi-bhagikan; (cross) 

Intersect, v. i. (meet) bertmu. 

Intersection (-sek'shwn), s. tmpat 
pertmvan; (of roads) semparg. 

Intersperse (-spers'j, v. t. tabur^ 

Interstice (in-ter'stis), s. (crevice) 
rhJah; (interval) jarak."^ 

Intertwine (in'ter-twin'), v. i, feer- 

Interval (in'ter-val), s. (space) 
jarak* sJa* rrggarg, peraniara- 
\in, perslaigan; (between pillars) 
ruargf' (between joints of fingers 
or bamboo) ruas;* (of time) sla^g^ 
antara, jurus; (pause, leisure) 

Intervene (-ven'), v. i. (come be- 
tween) masok, Untarg : (happen 
to prevent) gndala (Sk.), aval 
(Ar. 'aradl) ; (interpose) Irai/^ 
masok sama tigah (B.). 

Intervention (-ven'shwn), s. (act 
of intervening) lial masok, etc.,. 
as above; (mediation) shafaat 

Interview (-vii), s. (meeting) per* 
tmuan, perjumpa'an. 

Interview, v. t. (a prince) mrg-^ 
hadap; (gen.) berjumpa, bertmu. 

Interweave (-wev'), v. t. berjxikan- 

Intestate (in-tes'tet), adj. tiuda 
berwaslat* (Ar. luasiyat). 

Intestinal (-ti-nal), adj. prot (a). 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; leo, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, mmt(s, cure, injure- 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Intestine (-tin), adj. (internal) 

Intestine, s. tali prof, t>i prot^ usiis 


Inthral (in-tlirawl') v. t. iaiian- 

Intimacy (in'ti-ma-si), ?. perra- 
mahan* ramah/^ I'arib* (Ar. 
qarib ) . 

Intimate (-met), adj. berramahan* 
ramah-tamah* rapat, Varib (Ar.). 
rafik'^ (Ar. rafiq). 

Intimate (-mat), v. t. l-kabarl'an , 
bri tahii, rnalumkan- (Ar.) ; (give 
a hijit) Uaratkan (Ar. ishdrai). 

Intimation (-ma'shwn), s. kliahar, 
isarat. as above. 

Intimidate (in-tim'i-dfit), v. t. 
(make timid) bri tnkot, fakoti; 
(threaten) ngut* f/erfak; (dis- 
hearten) tawarkan hati, bachol- 
kcm :* (so as to prevent some ac- 
tion) si'ekkan* 

into (in'too). prep, k-dalam, dalam, 
k'. masok. To chancre into, berobah 

Intolerable (in-tol'er-a-bl), adj. 
iiada ferdrifa (Sk.), iiada ter- 
farffgoifj, iiada tertahan. 

Intolerance (-ans), s. huratrj sabar. 

Intolerant (-ant), adj. (not en- 
during) yarg iiada dapat mnarg- 
g<ir[i : (not tolerating) kuraty 

Intone (in-ton'), v. i. berlagu, ber- 
zikir* (Ar. dzikir). 

Intoxicate (in-toks'i-kat), v. t. jua- 

Intoxicated (-ed). adj. mabok. 

Intoxicating (-ing), adj. yatg 
tHuwhokkan, kliamir (Ar.). 

Intoxication (-kTi'sh?/n), ?. kmabok- 

Intractable (-tnikt'a-bl), adj. dgil, 

Intrench (in-trench'), v. t. (forti- 
fy) kuhukan. 

Intrench, v. i. (invade, trespass) 

tmpoh m<isok. To intrench on 

one's authority, mnindeh prentah 

Intrenchment (-ment), s. (fort) 

kubu; (encroachment) tmpohan. 
Intrepid (in-trep'id), adj. brani, 

perkam (Sk.). 
Intrepidity (in-tre-pid'i-ti), s. k- 

branian, perkasa (Sk.). 
Intricacy (in'tri-ka-si), s. srg- 

Intricate (-ket), adj. sigkerut,'^ 

Intrigue (in-treg'), s. pakatan, 

Sfibahaf* elah (Ar. iiilah). 
Intrigue, v. i. pakat, bersuhahat/^ 
Intrinsic (in-trin'sik), adj. (in- 
ward) hatin* (Ar. baTin) ; (in- 
herent) memaig; (real) surggoh. 
Introduce (in'tro-dus'), v. t. (bring 

in) baiua masok; (put in) masok- 

kan; (make acquainted) knalkan; 

(to a superior) hadapkan; (begin) 

inula' i, mulai (B.). 
Introduction (-duk'sh7/n), s. (the 

act) jni mmbawa masok, pri tnig- 

7\alkan, etc., as above; (of a book) 

p tg n a la n , * pn dhuluan.'^ 
Introductory (-to-ri), adj. mula- 

Introspection (-spek'shun), s. prek- 

m hati sndiri. 
Intrude (in-trood'), v. i. tmpoh 

nidsok, masok tmpat yarg iiada 

pat id. 
Intrusion (in-troo'zh^/n), s. hal m- 

)tmpoh masok. 
Intrust (in-trust'), v. t. sralikan, 

ptarohkan,^ amanatkan (Ar.), 

Intuition (in-tii-ish'Mn), s. pig- 

tahuan batiii* (Ar. baTin), per- 

rasa' an. 
Intuitively (iu-tu'l-tiv-li), adj. 

digan pigtahuan batin (Ar.). 
Intwine (in-twin'), v. t. atyam, blit. 
Inundate (in'un-dat), v. t. (over- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hiirry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




flow) shahJcan* lipvti,'^ 'mpoh;* 
(overwhelm) lampaui* liputi.'^ 
Inundation (-da'slrwn); s. ayer hali, 

oyer sbah,'^ 'nipohan* kojoh* nai'k 

ai/er (B.), 
Inure (in-fir'), v. t. Imsahan, latpJi- 

/■«//.* laliJi-an* 
Inutility (in-u-tiri-ti), s. sia-sia,* 

pri tiada herguna. 
Invade (in-vad'), v. t. srarg* laig- 

(jur : (encroach on) tmpok ma.soh. 
Invader (-er), s. pjyrarg* plarggar. 
Invalid (in-varid), adj. (of no 

force) htiaJh tiada salt (Ar.) ; 

(nnll and void) baial, mansul'li 

Invalid (in'va-led), adj. Iwah, sakit, 

'udzur (Ar.), see ixfikm. 
Invalid, s. orarg sahit. 
Invalid (in'va-led'), v. t. (make ill) 

datargkan sahit; (classify as sick) 

hilargkan sahit. 
Invalidate (in-vari-dat), v. t. tiada- 

l-an, hafalhan, inansnhlihan (Ar.). 
Invaluable (-fi-a-bl), adj. tiada 

ternilaihan* iiada terliitorg lierga- 

iya, indah shali. 
Invariable (in-var'i-a-bl), adj. 

tiada herohaJi, sntiasa (Sk.), ttap, 

Invasion (in-va'zhz/n), s. piyraty- 

an.'-' larggaran. 
Invective (in-vek'tiv), s. nsta 

(Sk.), chercha (Sk.), chla. 
Inveigh (in-va'), y. i. nsta* cher- 
cha/'^ chla. 
Inveigle (in-va/gl), v. t, ssathan^ 

tipu, pujoh. 
Invent (in-venf), v. t. (discover) 

dapat; (devise) adahan; (fabri- 
cate) reha-reha.'^ 
Invention (-ven'slmn), s. pndapat- 

an, reha'an;* (falsehood) hohoig, 

dusta;* (wonderful contrivance) 

liiktnat (Ar.). 
Inventive (-tiv), adj. pandai rniri' 

adahan, pandai mreha.* 

Inventor (-ter), s. pndapat, yarg 

iingadahan, yaig nireha.'^' 
Inventory (-to-ri), s. dafiar (At.)^ 

li^ (E.). 
Inverse (in-vers'), adj. suigsaig,*^ 

nnymgmrg (B.), tej-haleh. 
Inversion (-vei-'sh/m), s. hsutg^ 

Invert (in-verf), v. t. surgsarghan* 

terbalehhan, surghophan* tluhop* 

hau, tUnghophan. 
Invertebrate (in-ver'te-bret), adj. 

yatg tiada hertidarg-hlaharg. 
Inverted (iji-vertVd), adj. terhaleh. 
Invest (in-vesf), v. t. (dress) pa^ 

hailcan, persalvnhari ;* (with office) 

aighat, lantek :'^ (adorn) hiasi* 

riashau (B.) : (surround) hporg,. 

letghoig:'^ (money) jalanhnn 

{iratg), hlanjahan. 
Investigate (-i-gat), v. t. prehsa, 

siamt (Ar.), slldeh;* (secretly) 

Investigation (-ga'sli?m), s. ^- 

inrel'saUui, siasat (Ar.), riseh.* 
Investiture (-i-clmr), s. (clothing) 

persaliiian;* (ceremony of invest- 

ing) lanteVan.* 
Investment (-m^-nt), s. (act of in- 
vesting) pri rnmahtihan, etc., see 

INVEST ; (that with which one is 

invested) persalinan;* (money in- 
vested) modal, pohoh. 
Inveterate (in-vet'er-et), adj. hJa- 

ziman (Ar.), memarg, ttap, hhaL 
Invidious (-vid'i-ws), adj. yarg mn- 

datarqhan drgl-i^ yarg mrgirikan 

Invigorate (-vig'er-rxt), v. t. hvat^ 

hail , sgarlrin. 
Invincible (-vin'si-bl), adj. tiada 

tcralahhan* ta''hoIeh di-halahhan. 
Inviolable (-vi'o-la-bl). adj. yarg 

tiada holeh rosaJc, tiada herrlia' 

cliat, tiada herchla; (of promises) 

tiada terohahhan. 
Invisibility (-viz-i-l>i1'i-[i). •^. fina- 

ofic) halinnm.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, niinws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin then. 




Invisible (-viz'i-bl), adj. tiada l'- 
Ilka tan, tanampak, Innjap, gliaih 

Invitation (-vi-ta'sh/m), s. jinpid- 
an, surat jnvputan, parggilan. 

Invite (iii-Yit'), v.t. (request) 
niinta, jmput; (ask to one's house, 
to eat, etc.) J aim,* ajak, ajat 
(B.) ; (to an entertainment, etc.) 
jmput, patggilf' (when acldress- 
iiitr the guest) persilakan;* (re- 
mind of invitation) sonsotg* 

Inviting (-ing), adj. (of food, 
etc.) i/atg mnihvl'ah'an nafsu. 

Invocation (-vo-ka'shun), s. pryru- 
0)1 r^ (jn-aver) do' a. 

Invoice (in'vois), s. daftar dagaig- 

In>'oke (in-vok'), v.t. .s^/v,/,* niinta, 

Involuntary (-voruii-ta-ri), adj. 
tiada sigaja, bukan drgan sigaja. 

Involve (in-volv'), v.t. (envelop, 
cover) Jipiifi,* slnl)nrg; (compli- 
cate) kitsutkan; (imply) kan- 
donj/'^ (entanole in a quarrel or 
crime) Itahit. 

Involved (in-volvd'), adj. (com- 
plicated) kusut. 

Invulnerability (in-vurner-a-biri- 
ti), s. ktjat; (magic to produce in- 
vulnerability) apoig,* pniml)ul,* 

Invulnerable (-a-bl), adj. khaJ, to- 
liaii t)si, ialian temhak, tiada di- 
n Id kail snjata. 

Inward (in'werd), adj. (inner) da- 
ta ni; (of the mind) hatin"^ (Ar. 

Inward, adv. (into) k-dalam, ma- 
f<ok; (of the mind) hatin (Ar.). 

Inwardly (-li), adv. (mentally) da- 
lam fjatin (Ar.). 

Iota (I-o'ta), s. (small quantity) 
titek, nota (Ar. nacjTah). 

Irascible (i-ras'si-bl), adj. tkas 
luarali, prrgus.'^ 

Irate (i-raf), adj. ma rah, berarg;* 
(of princes) murka (Ar.). 

Ire (Ir), s. marah, berargj* (of 
princes) miirka (Ar.). 

Ireland (ir'land), s. negri Ayerlan. 

Iris (i'ris), s. mata hitam, hitam 
mat a (B.). 

Irish (i'rish), adj. deri-pada bargsa 

Irk (erk), v. t. pnatkan, susahkan. 

Irksome (erk'swm), adj. pnjmu,* 
yatg mryusahi,* susah, sukar* 

Iron (i'ern), s. (the metal) bsi; 
(liatiron) strika (D.),ut-tau (B.) 
(C'h.) ; (chains) rantai, blrggu* 
Cast iron, bsi tuaigan. Corru- 
gated iron, zeig (E. zinc), timah 
sari (B.). Magnetic iron, bsi 
t)ram. Pig iron, jorgkorg bsi* 
Wrought iron, bsi tmpawan,* bsi 
fnipaan* Iron rust, karat bsi. 

Iron, adj. (of iron) bsi; (firm) ku- 
koh,* tgoh. Iron foundry, tmpat 
tnarg bsi. Iron ore, bijeh bsi. 
Iron wood, kayu blian. Iron 
works, pertukargan bsi. 

Iron, v.t. strika (U. strijken), ut- 
tau (Ch. ut-tau), (B.) ; (with a 
shell) griis.* 

Ironical (i-ron'i-kal), adj. pryindir, 

Ironing (T'ern-iug), s. pkerjaan 
strika (D.). 

Ironmonger (-mung-ger), s. pnjual 
perkakas bsi. 

Irony (I'r^/ii-i), s. sindiran. 

Irradiate (ir-ra'di-at), v.t. sinar,* 
trargkan. * 

Irrational (-rash'//n-d), adj. (void 
ot reason) tiada berakal', (foolish, 
absnrd) bodoh. 

Irreclaimable (-re-klam'a-hl), adj. 
yarg tiada boleh di-kmbalikan,* 
yaig ta'boleh da pat balek (B.), see 

Irreconcilable (-rek-nn-sl'la-bl) , 
adj. tiada terdamaikan,* tiada ter- 

ate, ask. am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Irrecoverable (-re-kiiv'er-a-bl),adj. 

tiada holeh di-kmhalil'an* taboleh 

da [tat halel'. 
Irrefragable (-refra-ga-bl), adj. 

yarxj tiada iersatgkal. 
Irrefutable (-reru-ta-bl), adj. yaiy 

tiada dapat di-bantahi* 
Irregular (-reor'ii-ler), adj. (not ac- 

cordiD^ to rule) tiada hperaturan; 

(uncertain) tatntu; (uneven) 

tiada sama rata, tirggi rtidah; 

(as writing) chorgkah-maigheh;'^ 

(changeable) herobah-ohah. 
Irregularity (-lar'-i-ti) s. pri tiada 

heratur, pri tiada tntu, etc., as 

Irrelevant (-rore-vrnit). adj. tiada 

kna-migna, tiada .sabif^ (Ar. thd- 

Irreligious (-re-lij'i/s), adj. tiada 

Irremediable (-re-me'di-a-bl). adj. 

ti-ada terobatl'an, tiada terbail'l'i* 

tiada bolek di-btulkan. 
Irreparable (-rep'a-ra-bl), adj. yarg 

ta'boteh di-baikki, yarg ta'boteli 

di-btidkan; (ot a Joss) yaig tiada 

dapat di-gantikan. 
Irrepressible (-re-pres'i-bl), adj. 

tiada tertahan. 
Irreproachable (-prdcli'a-bl), adj. 

tiada berchla. 
Irreprovable (-proov'a-bl), adj. 

tiada dapat di-clda, tiada berchla. 
Irresistible (-zist'i-bl), adj. tiada 

Irresolute (-rez'o-lut), adj. bim- 

haig, ragu* ta'ttap. 
Irrespective (-re-?pek'tiv), adj. Ir- 
respective of, digan tiada hitorg, 

drgan tiada pduli. 
Irresponsible (-spon'si-bl), adj. 

(not to be trusted) ta'boteli di- 

Irretrievable (-trev'a-bl), adj. ta- 

boleh di-kmha^-ikan. 
Irreverence (-rev'er-ens), s. hurarg 

h or mat. 

Irreverent (-^nt), adj. yaig hurarg 

honnatkan, tiada mmhri horntat. 
Irrevocable (-o-ka-bl), adj. tiadu 

Irrigate (ir'ri-gat), v. t. (by pour- 
ing) dims* jirus :* (by streams) 

kojohkan* achap* 
Irrigation (-ga'shwn), s. pri mrgo^ 

jnlikan mwah.'^ 
Irritability (ir'ri-ta-bil'i-ti), s. 

rrgus,"^ rampus_^ bergkerg* as be- 

low; see irritation. 
Irritable (-ta-bl), adj. Jkas marali^ 

prigusj^ prainpus:* (of animals) 

beigkeig,"^' grenderg ;* (itchy) ga- 

tal, riiiarg; (smarting) pret. 
Irritate (-tat), v. t. (excite anger) 

sakitkan hati, gusarif (annoy) 

mel', sakat; (the skin) iniaigkan^ 
Irritation (-ta'shim), s. (act of 

irritating) hal mryakitkan hati^ 

etc., as above; (the state) gusar,*" 

marah, gram; (itchiness) gatal, 

miarg ; (smarting) pret. 
Irruption (ir-rup'shwn), s. (of the 

sea) ^mpohan;* (invasion) p- 

lyra rgan/-' larggaran. 
Isinglass (i'zing-glas), s. prot ikan. 
Islam (iz'lam), s. agania Islam. 
Island (T'lrmd), s. pidau; ■ {ycry 

small) tokoig.* 
Islander (-er), s. anak pulau 
Isle (il), s. pulau. 
Islet (i'U't), s. tokorg.* 
I so I ate ( I'so-lat ) , v. t. asirgkan^ 

sblahkan, sukukan,'^ chraikan^ 

Isolated (-M), adj. iuiggal, asirg^ 

s'orang diri. 
Isolation (-la'shim), s. perasirgan,. 

ktuigga Ian* ks'orargan. 
Israelite (iz'ra-el-it), s. orarg Ya- 

Inidi, orati/ J audi, orarg Ibrani 

Issue (ish'u), s. lial kluar, kluaran, 

jianrJiuran, panel) aran, as below; 

(progeny) bneli, kturunan; (out- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, ear, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore. sort, sorry, use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 




come, end) Isudahan, Point at 

issue, perkara yarg di-hmitahi* 

To join issue. hantahJcan* Side 

issue, perl'ara yaiy her sab it* (Ar. 

f habit). 
Issue, V. i. (pass out) hluar; (flow 

out) panchnr; (as light) pan- 

char; (rush out) terkam hluar; 

(proceed, as progeny) terbit;* 

(end, turn out) jadi. 
Issue, V. t. (send out) UuarTcan, 

lahirkanr^ (Ar. tWiir). 
Isthmus (is'm^fs), s. s-gntiry* 
It (it), pron. ia* dia. The pronoun, 

wlien it is the object, is usually 

omitted, as, take it home, bawa 

pulaiy; (sometimes) -lali takes its 

place, as, it is wrong to do so, 

mlah-lah, kaJaii buat bgitu; it is 

true, bnar-lak. 
Italic (i-tarik), s. huruf cliondorgj^ 

h iiruf 7nerirg* 
Italicise (i-taTi-siz), v. t. chap 

drgan huruf cliondorg* 
Itch (ich), V. t. gatal, miaig; 

(slightly) gnnyam. 
Itch, s. gatal, nuarg ; (the disease) 

Itchy (icli'i), adj. gatal, miaig. 
Item (I't^ni), s. perkara, butir.* 
Itemize (-iz), v. t. sbothan satu- 

■<aiu, see detail. 
Iterate (it'er-at), y. t. ulaigkan.'^ 
Itinerant (i-tin'er-ant), adj. yarg 

hcridar,* yarg inrgmbara,* yaig 

Itinerary (-er-i), adj. daftar per- 

jalanan (xVr.). 
Itinerate (-at), v. i. berjalan-jalan, 

Its (its), pron. -rya, ia,'^ dia, dia 

Itself (it-self), pron. la* sndiri, dia 

sndiri, diri-rya. 
Ivory (I'ver-i), s. gadirg. 
Ivy (T-vi), s. da an pamty-pasatg'^ is 

somewhat similar. 

Jabber (jab 'her), v. t. becliol','^ 

grickau,'^ repek,* repet (P.), m- 

repek (B.). 
Jabberer (-er), s. pmbecliok,'^'- 

prepek* mrapek (B.). 
Jacynth (ja'sinth), s. (sapphire) 

batu nilam. 
Jack (jak), s. Jack boots, spatu 

berbtis."^ Jack fruit, natgka, chm~ 

pdak. Jack plane. Mam kasar. 

Jack of all trades, oratg yarg tahu 

s-bararg pkerja'an. Screw jack^ 

bichu* Union jack, bndera Itg- 

Jackass (jak'as), s. kaldai jantan; 

(conceited fool) bitgorg-bagak* 
Jackal (jak'awl), s. anjirg hutan,. 

Jacket (jak'et), s. baju pendek; 

(worn by women) kbaya (Ar. 

gabd' ) . 
Jackknife (jak'nlf), s. pisau lipat. 
Jade (jad), s. (worthless horse) 

kuda mandom'j^ (vicious woman) 

prernpnan jahat. 
Jade, V. t. (weary, exhaust) Uah- 

kail, pnatkan. 
Jaded (jad'ed), adj. UaJi, Iteh-lsu. 
Jag (jag), V. t. (notch) sumbirrg- 

Jagged (jag'ged), adj. sumbiig, 

sempak,* sompek; (badly) ber- 

grigis; (of hair) tokak-takek, di- 

krip tikus.'^ 
Jaguar (ja'g\var), s. hrimau Ame- 

Jail (jal), s. pnjara,'^' jel (E.). 
Jailer (jal'er), s. kpaJa pnjara,^ 

kpala jel (E.), spir (D. cipier) 

(X.I.), see WARDER. 

Jam (jam), s. (preserved fruit) 

manisan, jem (E.). 
Jam, s. (crush) Vasak'an,'^' krumun- 

an; (as logs in a stream) ksavj- 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minits, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Jam, V. t. (pinch, squeeze) apit* 
itpit; (crush together) asak. 

Jamb (,iam)j s. (of a door) jnarg* 

James (jnmz), s. Yakob (Ar. Y'a- 

Jangle (jauo-'gl), v. i. (as bells) 
gnLnichafr/:* (quarrel, wrangle) 
Itert tghar, h erhalah . * 

January (jan'u-ar-i), s. jinawari, 
bill an orarg put eh yarg pertama, 
bulan mtii orarg put eh (B.). 

Japan (ja-pan'), s. negri J pun. 

Japan, v. t. sampatg.^ 

Japanese (jap'a-nez'), s. orarg 
■J pun. 

Jar (jar), v. i. (clash) berantol', 
terantok; (shake) berggar. 

Jar, s. (shaking) ggar; (harsh 
sound) buiyi jaiggal;"^ (collision) 

Jar, s. (biggest) harg;"^ (next) 
ttnpayan; (smaller) taJcar* bu- 
yo)g, ternarg* tajau/' I'pit* I'ni- 
pif :* (an expensive kind) guri:'^ 
(f(or Jiolding drinking water) 
^7////,* dorak* guchi (N.I.). 

Jargon (jar'gon), s. pelat. 

Jarring (jar'ring), adj. (discor- 
dant) Jatggal ;* (shaking) berggar. 

Jasmine (jas'niin), s. 7nlor, viloti 

Jasper (jas'per), s. batu yasJrib 

(Ar.). * 
Jaundice (jawn'dis), s. ptyal'it 

Jaunt (jawnt), s. (excursion) rua- 

kan argin. 
Jaunty (-i). adj. hnclialc, hebat* 

(Ar. haibat). 
Javelin (jav'lin), s. Imbirg ; (with- 
out iron ])oiiit) sligi;-^ (barbed) 

Jaw (jaw), s. raliaig :* (Xaut., jaws 

of a gall;) ternal.'^ 
Ja3^ (ja), s. nanta burotg. 
Jealous (jer?/s), adj. chuiburu : 

(envious) dpjki. 
Jealousy (-i), s. chmburuari. 

Jeer (jer), v. t. olok-oloh, sindir. 
Jehovah (je-ho'va), s. nama Allah 

di autara oratg Yahudi. 
Jejune (je-jun'), adj. mi-sia."^ 
Jelly (jel'li), s. (of seaweed) agar- 
agar^ jparg ;^ (of fruit) manisan. 
Jellyfish (-fish), s ubor-ubor; lam- 

bok;"^ (a stinging variety) arnpai- 

Jemmy (jem'mi), s. alabatgka 

(Port.), /;////// bftl. 
Jeopardize (jep'erd-iz), v. t. datarg- 

kan bahya. 
Jeopardy (-i), s. bahya. 
Jeremiah (jer-e-nii'a), s. nabi 

Jerk (jerk), v. t. (sudden pull) 

seniak, riygut, rurggut (B.), sn- 

tap; (flick \\\i\\ finger and 

thumb) jntek; (snatch) snjah:"^ 

(up and down, as a fish on a line) 

Jersey (jer'zi), s. tjaju panas. 
Jest (jest), s. jnaka,'^ snda* gurau, 

chura* lairak-Jaivak,* chakan 

uiain-main (B.). 
Jest, V. i. berjnaka* bersnda* bcr- 

l/urau, berslorol] , oJok-oJok, ogak- 

ogak* lawak (P.). 
Jester (jest'er), s, klakar, pran* 

badut (Jav.). 
Jesting (-ing), s. jnaka* r-liuraJ^ 

lawak-lawak ;* chakap mai/n-maiii 

Jesuit (jez'u-it), s. (E. C.) orarg 

sua til madzhal) SrauL* 
Jesuitical (-it'i-k^l), adj. cherdek. 
Jet (jet), s. (spurt) panehuian. 
Jet, s. (the stone) merjan'^ hitam. 
Jettison (jet'ti-s()n), v. t. buarg 

niimian k-laut. 
Jetty (jet'ti),s. (wharf) prgkalan* 

jmhatan, bagau (P.), prgkalan 

Jew (ju), s. orafg Yahudi, orarg 

f I audi. 
Jewel (ju'el), s. permata, jaiihar 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror: old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, min-ws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Jewelled (iiVeld), adj. hertatalihan 

pennaia,^ hjiermata/^ hermata 
Jeweller (jii'el-ler), s. tuJcarg mas- 

perak, saudagar rnm-intan, jaukari 
Jewellery (jfi'el-ri), s. niata-hnda, 

lararg nias-peral\ 
Jewess (ju'os), s. prempuan Ya- 

kvdi, prernpuan Jaudi. 
Jewish (ju'isli), adj. hargsa YaJivdi 

(a), hargsa J audi (a). 
Jew's-harp (jnz'liarp), s. giig- 

Jib (ji))), s. (Xant.) jlp (E.). Jib 

l)oom, pruan jlp. 
Jibe (jib), T. i. ( N^aut.) herVisar. 
^'S (jio)? s. tan dak chpat. 
Jilt (jilt), V. t. putiis kaseh drgaii. 
Jingle (jin^^'gl). v. i. lergnta, gra- 

rendierg/^ berdritg.'^ 
Jinrikisha (jin-rik'shaw), s. hreta 

Uotgkorg, hecha (Ch. he-clMa ~ 

borse-earriaci-e), lan/cha (P.), cliia 

Job (job), s. (tbrust) tikam; 

(occasional work) kerja liari. By 

tbe job, lororg. A job lot, jualan 

hororg. A bad job, clilaka, hma- 

laigan. A good job, nntorg, ma- 

jur,'^ haik jnga. 
Job, Y. t. (stab) tikam, chochoh. \ 
Jobber (jol)'ber), s. pnjuaUhlh ! 

praeh.'^ ! 

Jobbery (-i), s. tlpn-daya. 
Jockey (jok'i), s. pnurggaig huda 

lumha, joki (B.). 
Jockey, y. t. tipii. 
Jocose (jo-kos'), adj. • jnaka* 

sloroh, cliura,^^ laivak-lairaki^- 

suka main-main (B.). 
Jocular (jok'u-ler), adj. yarg suka 

Jocularity (-lai-'i-ti), s. suka-ria* 

■wka-suka (B.). 
Jog (jog), Y. t. (so as to call at- 
tention) chvit:'^ (cause to shake) 

ggar. To jog the memory, in gal- 

Jog, s. (push) chuit, ggar, as above ; 

(turn in a road) slekoh* 
John (jon), s. Yahya (Ar.). 
Join (join), v. t. (unite) satukan, 

chant umkan:* (counect) iiuhoig, 

samborg: (associate) skutukan;'^' 

(place in contact) tmakan/^ tunu- 

Join, Y. i. berhui)oig, ber samborg, 

berima, as above. To join in the 

laugh, tumparg iertatva. To join 

in with, serial * 
Joiner (join'er), s. tukaig kayii. 
Joint (joint), s. (place of joining) 

impai samborg, perhuboigan; (of 

the limbs) sndi;* (of fiigers) 

buku; (knot of bamboos, etc.) 

buku: (space between knots) 

ritas:* (of meat) s-prggal* Out 

of joint, tei'kochil* 
Joint, adj. (united) bersama-sama^ 

Joint, v. t. sat u kan, liuhorg, sam- 

borg, tmukan,* as JOix; (provide 

witli joints) sndikan:* (separate 

the joints) potorg, sndi.* 
Jointed {-ed), adj. berbuku, ber- 

Jointly (-li), adv. (together) ber- 

sama-sama, berrantam;* (in con- 
cert) muafakat (Ar.). 
Jointure (join'chur), s. psaka untok 

Joist (joist), s. gUjar,^ anchu'^ 

Joke (jok), s. jnaka* snda* gurau, 

shn-oh , chura* lairak-lairak/'' 

chakap main-main (B.). 
Joke, V. i. berjnaka* bersnda* ber~ 

gnrau, bersloroh. 
Joker (jok'er), s. orarg berjnaka* 

Jollification ( jol'li-fi-ka'shwn) , s. 

suka-ria* temiasa* suka-suka> 


ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, a^-fool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Jolly (jol'li), adj. (merry) hersul-a- 
suka, bersuka-hati. 

Jolt (jolt), V. i. her' n j lit- n jut. 

Jonah (jo'im), s. nahi Yunus (Ar.). 

Jolt (jolt). V. t. 'njutkan, hantinj, 

Jolt, s. 'njiit. 

Joseph (jo'zef), s. Yiisof (Ar.). 

Joss (jos), s. topekonj. Joss house, 
rumah berhala/^ rumah datok{B.). 
Joss paper, kertas prada,'^' kertas 
mas (B.), kertas perak (B.), Joss 
stick, gharu China* cliolok 
China,''' hio-siia'' (B.) (Ch. liiiC'- 

Jostle (jos'l), Y. t. tmpoh; (strong"- 
er) rinpoh;* (elbow) tmbi* si- 

Jot (jot), s. (point) tiiek, 7iota'^ 
(Ar. nuqTah), 

Jot, V. t. To jot down, tiilis periiyat- 

Journal (jer'nal), s. (diary) surat 
pkerjaan s-hari-hari; (book of 
accounts) surat kira-kira; (news- 
paper) snrat kliabar, kertas khabar. 

Journalist (-ist), s. ptyararg surat 

Journey (jer'ni), s. perjalanan. 

Journey, v. i. berjalan. 

Journeyman (-man), s. tukarg. 

Jovial (jo'vi-al), adj. bersuka-hati. 

Jowl (jowl), s. pipi. Cheek b}^ 
jowl, dkat, rapat-rapat. 

Joy (joi), s. ksiika'an, suka-chita,* 

Joyful (joi'fool), adj. bersiika- 
ckita,'' bersuka-hati. 

Joyless (-les), adj. tiada bersuka- 

Joyous (-?/?). adj. bersuka-suka. 

Jubilant (ju'bi-lant), adj. bersuka- 
.'<uka alas kmnargan. 

Jubilee (-le), s. ta/iun yaig kJima- 
puloli, termasa* pada tahun yarg 
klima-puloh, jubli (E.). 

Judea (ju'de-aj, s. tanah Yahuda. 

Judge (juj), V. i. (be judge) jadi 

hakim; (crive judgment) putuskan 
hukuru; (discern, determine) tim- 
baig, tntukan, ttapkan. 

Judge, V. t. (try, pass sentence on) 
bicharakan, hukunikan; (be cen- 
sorious, condemn) salahkan; 
(esteem, think) bilargkan, kira- 

Judge, s. hakim; (Mohammedan) 
kadli (Ar.) ; (critic) ora7g pandai, 
oraig bijak. A good judge of 
Iiorses, pandai mmileh kiida. 

Judgment (juj'ment), s. hukuman, 
kputusan. timbargan; (calamity 
sent by God) baJak (Ar. bala). 
The judgment day, hari kiaruat. 
Judgment hall, balai* mahkama,h 
(Ar.). Judgment seat, kursi bi- 

Judicature (ju'di-ka-chur), s. 
(judicial power) kuasa hukum, 

Judicial (ju-dish'al), s. deri-hal 
bichara, bichara (a) ; (apt to 
j iidge ) pan dai m m bicharakan. 

Judicious (-us), adj. (wise, pru- 
dent) bijak, budinian/'' pandai 

Jug (jug), s. maigkok bertargkai, 
Jak (E.). 

Juggle (jug'gl), V, i. bermain silap- 
111 ata. 

Juggling (jug'gling), s. silap-mata. 

Juggler (-gler), s. orarg silap-maUi. 

Jugglery (-i), s. silap-mata. 

Jugular (jug'u-ler), adj. krorgkorg 
, Juice (jus), s. (of fruit) ager buah; 
I (sap) nira.* 
\ Juicy (jus'i), adj. berayer. 
j July (ju-ir), s. biilan oraig puteh 
yaig ktujoh. 

Jumble (jum'hl), v. t. kachau, 
(ham pur, champur-gaul. 

Jumble, s. champuran. 

Jump (jump), V. i. (spring, bound 
forward) lam pat, hamhur,* larn- 
boig; (leap up in the air) lonjak* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; foo<i, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin tlien. 




loncliat; (from a standiag posi- 
tion) rjok.'^ To jump at, terkam. 
To jump down, terjun. 

Jump, s. lompatan, lonchatan. 

Jumper (jump'er), s. haju lasah* 

Junction (jungk'shwn), s. (of 
roads) semparg; (act of joining) 
perkuhorgan; (of railways) sem- 
pargan; (of rivers) huala. 

Juncture (-chur), s. (point of 
time) ktika, waktu. 

June (jun), s. hulan oravg puteh 
yarg k'anam. 

Jungle (jung'gl), s. hutan; (of 
large trees) riniba; (secondary 
growth) hlukar. Jungle fowl, 
ayam hutan, ayam hruga* 

Junior (jun'yer), adj. (in age) 
viuda; (in rank) kchil. 

Junk (jungk), s. tali yaiy hurok- 

Junk, s. (N'aut.) joig,^ wargkavg. 

Junketing (jung'ket-ing), s. per- 
jamuan;^ makan sdap-sdap. 

Jupiter (jii'pi-ter), s. (the star) 
mushtari (Ar.). 

Jurisdiction (jn-ris-dik'shtzn), s. 
(authority) kuasa, prentah; 
(sphere of authority) tmpat pren- 

Jurisprudence (-proo'dens), s. 
'ihnu flkeh* (Ar, fiqh). 

Jurist (ju'rist), s. ahli fikeh (Ar.). 

Juror (ju'rer), s. ahli'^ kursi dua- 
hlas, orarg dua-blas krosi (B.). 

Jury (ju'ri), s. kursi dua-blas, 
pnimhatg hichara, oraig dua-blas. 

Juryman (-man), s. ahli* kursi 
dua-blas, oratg dua-blas krosi (B.). 

Jurymast (-mast), s. (N'aut.) tiarg 
kapal smantara. 

Just (just), adj. bnar, 'adil; (due, 
proper) patut. 

Just, adv. (precisely) btul; (exact- 
ly) tpat;* (of time) bharu, as, 
dia bharu datary, he has just 
come ; t7gah hndak, as trgah hndak 
mati, just dying. Just now (past 

time) tadi; (present time) ini 

Justice (jus'tis), s. kbnaran, k'adiU 
an, insaf (Ar. insdf), kpatutan; 
(judge) hakim. Chief justice, 
hakim bsar; (in Mohammedan 
law) mufti (Ar.). Justice of the 
peace, pigaman (Ar. aman). 

Justifiable (jus'ti-fi'a-bl), adj. yarg 
boleh di-bnarkan. 

Justification (-fi-ka'sh?m), s. (act 
of justifying) pri mmbnarkan, 
kbnaraii. Without any justifica- 
tion, tiada s-mna-mna* tiada ber- 
sbab, tiada sbah-nja. 

Justify (-fi), V. t. (show to be just) 
bnarkan, ryatakan bnar; (exoner- 
ate) Ipaskan deri-pada salah. 

Justle (jus'l), V. i. see jostle. 

Justly (just'li), adv. drgan s-patut- 

Justness (-nes), s. kpatutan. 

Jut (jut), v. i. anjur* 

Jute (jilt), (Corchorus capsularis) 
sunaroig btina.* 

Juvenile (ju've-ml), adj. kbudak- 
budak'ari,^ budak-budak (a). 

Juxtaposition (juks'ta-po-zish'mi), 
s. perdampirgan.* In juxtaposi- 
tion, berhampiran,* rapat. 


Kaffir (kaf'fer), s. oraig Jarggi,* 

oranj Kapri. 
Kale (kal), s. kobis daun, pecliai 

(Ch. peh-chhdi), pek-chai (B.). 
Kedge (kej), s. (Naut.) sauh kchil, 

sauh chmat. 
Keel (kel), s. (N'aut.) lunas prahu. 

On an even keel, tgak. 
Keelson (kel'son), s. (Naut.) 7iaga- 

Keen (ken), s. (sharp) tajam; 

(acute of mind) tajam; (eager, 

of desire) rajin. 
Keenness (ken'nes), s. tajam, kra- 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; 51d, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin t/ien. 





Keep (kep), v. t. (hold, restrain) 
talian, tahankan, pgarg; (retain) 
svnpan; (in custody) kurorg; 
(guard) jaga, turggu; (preserve, 
tend) jaga, pUhara; (manage, as 
a shop or school) buka; (have, as 
servants or goods in stock) tar oh; 
(hold to, as a promise) pgarg, 
pegaig (B.). To keep back, 
tahankan. To keep company with, 
bersaJiabat drgan. To keep house, 
berrumah targga. To keep in 
mind, taroh dalam hati. To keep 
the peace, berdamai* To keep 
to one's self, simpan di hati. To 
keep up (continue), malarkan;* 
(maintain, as a garden) bla.* 

Keep, V. i. (remain) tirggal, ttap. 
To keep from, pantargkan. To 
keep on (proceed), largsorg; (con- 
tinue) ttap, malar* llarkan.* 

Keep, s. (provisions) makanan; 
(fortress) kota. 

Keeper (kep'er), s. pnurggu. 

Keeping (-ing), s. simpanan, p- 
gargan. In keeping with, padari 
drgan, s-tuju drgan. 

Keepsake (-sak), s. knarg-knargan, 
tanda perirgaian, tanda mata.* 

Keg (keg), s. to7g kchil. 

Ken (ken), s. prgtahuan. 

Kennel (ken'nel), s. kandarg anjirg, 
rumah anjirg. 

Kerb (kerb), s. see curb. 

Kerchief (ker'chif), s. (for women) 
tigkolokf (Javanese, for men) 
sapu-iargan kpala; (worn on the 
turban) serban (Pers.), dstar 

Kernel (kernel), s. (of nuts) isi; 
(of stone fruit) biji. 

Kerosine (ker'o-sen'), miryuk tanah, 
miiyak gas.* 

Ketch (kech),s. (Naut.) kapal satu 
tiarg s-trgah. 

Ketchup (kech'i^p), s. kichap (E.), 
tau-iu (B.) (Ch. tau-iu). 

Kettle (ket'tl), s. kndi,* cherek,* 

te-ko (B.) (Ch. te-ko'). 
Kettledrum (-drum), s. gndraig,* 

Key (ke), s. anak kunchi. 
Kick (kik), v. t. (backwards) tn- 

darg; (with the sole of the foot) 

trajarg; (with the instep or side 

of the foot) sepak; (with the 

shin) bentes;* (downwards, with 

the heel) 'ncharg;* see stamp. 
Kick, s. tndarg, trajarg, sepak, 

bentes,* as above. 
Kid (kid), anak kambirg. 
Kidnap (kid'nap), v. t. larikan 

orarg^ bawa lari. 
Kidney (-ni), s. buah pirggaig. 
Kill (kil), V. t. bunoh, matikan; 

(for food) smbleh; (large animal 

for food) bantai,* potorg (B.) ; 

(insects) tindas. To kill time, 

sampaikan waktu,* chukopkan 

Kiln (kil), s. da pur. 
Kilogram (kil'o-gram), s. timbarg- 

an Eropah. 
Kilometer (-me-ter), s. ukoran 

Kilt (kilt), s. kain sergkat yarg di- 

pakai di negri Skotland. 
Kin (kin), s. kaum kkiarga,* sanak- 

sandara,* pvak,* puak-piiak (B.). 

Kith and kin, dagirg-darah. 
Kind (kind), s. jnis, bagai,* ma- 

cham, nika;* (race, species) barg- 

sa, baka. Taxes paid in kind^ 

Kind, adj. berkasehan, berprgasehan, 

murah hati, pnjayarg* 
Kindergarten (kin'der-gar-ten), s. 

skolah bagi budak yarg blum tahu 

alif-ba-tar Frobelskul (N.L)^ 

skolah anak-anak kchil (B.). 
Kind-hearted (kind-hart'cd), adj. 

murah hati. 
Kindle (kin'dl), v. t. pasarg, chu- 

choh,* vjalakan, galakkan, marak- 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f5od, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Kindling (-dling), s. kayu pmaralc* 

a pi. 
Kindly (kind'li), adj. herpryasehan, 

murah hati. 
Kindly, adv. (please) sila* sila- 

I'an* sudikan, minta, choha. 
Kindness (-nes), s. prgasehan, h- 

murahan; (act of kindness) h- 

Kindred (kin'dred), s. kaum-kluar- 

ga* sanak-saudara* kaum puuk* 

Kindred, adj. (congenial) lerstuju, 

sania prargai, satu hati. 
Kine (km), s. kerhau-hnhu. 
King (king), s. raja, sultan, 

hginda/^ yarg di-pertuan* yarn 

tuan;'^ (in chess) raja. 
Kingdom (king'dom), s. kraja'an. 
Kingfisher (-fish-er), s, hurorg raja 

udatg, huroig pkaka.'^ 
King-like (-lik), adj. s-laku raja* 

sperti raja, chara raja. 
Kingly (-li), adj. = kixglike, q. v. 
King-post (-post), s. tunjok-largit.* 
Kingship (-ship), s. mertabat raja 

(Ar), pargkat raja. 
Kink (kingk), s. punditg.'* 
Kinship (kin'ship), s. persaudara- 

'an, peril uhoigan. 
Kinsman (kinz'man), s. saudara, 

kJuarga* puak,* kamn* 
Kinswoman (--woo-man), s. saudara 

prempuan, kluarga,"^ puak* 

Kiosk (ki-osk'), s. iaJai per- 

Kiss (kis), s. cJiium; (the sound) 

Kiss, V. t. (with the nose) chium; 

(with the lips) kchupi;* (all over 

the face, as a child) krumus* 

gromos (B.). 
Kiss, V. i. herchium, herkchup.* 
Kissing (kis'sing), s. chium, k- 

Kit (kit), s. alatan (Ar.), klrg- 


Kitchen (kich'en), s. rumah dapur; 

(in a big house) pnarggah.* 
Kite (kTt),s. (the l)ird) larg sikap;* 

(of paper, etc.) layarg-layarg, wau 

(D. ivouw). 
Kith (kith), s. see kin. 
Kitten (kit'tn), s. ariak kuchiig. 
Knack (nak), s. kparidaian, h- 

Knacker (nak'er), s. pmhunoh kuda 

Knapsack (nap'sak), s. bokcha 

galas* (Hind. huqcha from 

Turk.), also, hotsa,* b or sa sol dado. 
Knave (nav), s. (villain) orarg 

pnipu, prgechohj* (in cards) 

Knavery (nav'er-i), s. tipu-daya. 
Knavish (-ish), adj. pnipu, prg- 

Knead (ned), v. t. adun;* (in the 

hand) kpal; (by pressing down) 

uli;* (in the hand, to press out 

juice) ramas; (with the feet) 

Knee (ne), s. lutut. 
Kneecap (ne'kap), s. tmpurorg 

Kneedeep (ne'dep'), adj. hirgga 

lutut * sampai di lutut (B.). 
Knee joint (ne'joint), s. plipat 

Kneel (nel), v. i. tlut,* bertlut,* 

berlutut (B.) ; (of camels and 

elephants) trum.* 
Knell (nel), s. taboh* orarg mati. 

locheig orarg mati. 
Knickerbockers (nik'er-bok-erz), 

s, pantlun pendek, sluar futbol 

(E.), sluar sampak,* sluar katok.* 
Knickknack (nik'nak), s. bararg 

Knife (nif), s. pisau. Chopping 

knife, pararg, golok.* Clasp knife, 

pisau lipat. Drawing knife, pisau 

raut. Pocket knife, pisau lipat, 

pisau kchil. Table knife, pisau 


ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Knight (nit), s. pahlaivan (Pers.) ; 
(in chess) Jcuda. 

Knight, V. t. glar drgan pargTcat 
pallia w an, ^ 

Knighthood (nit'liood), s. parglcat 

Knit (nit), v. i. rajut* halt (B.). 

Knit, V. t. rajutf (join) hnhorg. 

Knitting (nit'ting), s. rajut,'^ kait- 
an (B.). 

Knob (nob), s. (protuberance) 
honjol, cliomhol, putirg-, (on a 
gong), tomhol/'' 

Knobby (nob'bi), adj. herbonjol, 
etc., as above. 

Knock (nok), v. i. (strike) ter^ 
antoh, ierantolc, tersantoh;"^ (rap) 
Uol\ katoh* 

Knock, V. t. antohkan, hntam, ktoh, 
piiJcol. To knock against, rmpoh,^ 
layygar. To knock down, jatoh- 
han, rhahkan, roholikan, runtoh- 
kan, Uimbanjkan, see fall. To 
knock a person's head against — , 
sugunkan kpala k — .* Knocked 
out ( in a fight ) , per eh . See head. 

Knock, s. antok, ktok, hntam; (the 
sound) dntam/'^ 

Knock-kneed (nok'ned), adj. perg- 

Knoll (nol), s. (mound) chargkat* 
horggolf (top of a hill) kmun- 
chak, puncliak.'^ 

Knot (not), s. (of rope, etc.) 
simpol, simpolan ; (bond of union) 
ikatan; (perplexity) kusut; (in 
trees) huku, mata-kayu; (of hair) 
sarggul, konde'^ (Jav.) ; (rough- 
ly twisted up) siput; (sea 
mile) s-latu jauli-rya di laut 
= 1000 dpa. Slip knot, simpol 
puleli,* simpol hidop. 

Knot, V. t. si'mpolkan, ikat, sarggul- 
kan,"^ as above. 

Knotty (not'ti), adj. (full of 
knots) hersimpol, herhuku; (in- 
tricate) snjkerut/-' kusut. A knot- 
ty point, simpolan* 

Know (no), v. t. (facts) tahUj. 
ktaliuij* (persons) knal; (under- 
stand) mrgerti; (be expert) tahu^ 
paham; (be conscious) sdar; 
(recognise) knal, chamkan;'^ 
(sexually) herstuhoh drgan * her- 
satu drgan. To know how, tahiu 
I don't know, 'ntali. It is well 
known, m'alum-lali (Ar.). 

Knowable (n5'a-bl), adj. yarg 
dapat di-ktahui/' yarg holeh dapat 
tahu (B.). 

Knowing (-ing), adj. (skilful) 
pandai, pintar (IST.I.) ; (intel- 
ligent) berakal; (cunning) clier- 

Knowingly (-11), adv. drgan s- 
rgaja, drgan s-taJiK* 

Knowledge (nol'ej), s. (state of 
knowing) prgtahuan, prgertian; 
(scholarship, learning) prgtahuan, 
kpandaian, 'ilmu* Without my 
knowledge, drgan tiada s-tahu-ku* 
Within his knowledge, dalam 
rnalum-nja (Ar.). 

Knuckle (nuk'kl), s. hulcu jari^ 
The knuckles, huku lima. 
Knuckle duster, huku tumhok, 
anah pnumbok* To strike with 
the knuckles, lutu/^ klatu (B.). 

Koran (kor'an or ko-ran') s. kur'an. 

Label (la'bel), s. surat 'alamat 

Label, v. t. htihoh 'alamat (Ar.). 

Laboratory (lab'or-a-to-ri), s. tm^ 
pat kerja tukarg ohat. 

Laborious (la-b5r'i-t/s), adj. (toil- 
some) yarg mmnaikan'^ (dili- 
gent) rajin; (working hard) her- 

Labour (la'ber), s. (physical work) 
kerja tulargj'^ kerja kasar; (exer- 
tion) kllahan* kpnatan; (child- 
birth) sakit heranak. 

Labour, v. i. hkerja, hkerja tularg,"^ 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin then. 




kerja huat (B.) ; (strive, work 
hard) berllah;* (be in childbirth) 
sakit heranak; (Naut., as a ship) 

Labourer (-er), s. orayy bkerja tu- 
la rrj* kuli. 

Labyrinth (lab'i-rinth), s. jalan 
hercJiabarg-ch abaiy. 

Lac (lak), s. malau,'^ 'mbalauj^ mm- 

Lace (las), s. (the fabric) renda 
(Port.) ; (shoe string) tali kasut, 
tali spatu. ^Gold lace, pita 'mas, 
kida-kida 'mas* tkat 'mas* per- 
hiasan* bnarg mas [prasan (B.)]. 

Lace, V. t. (fasten with a lace) ikat. 

Lacerate (las'er-at), v. t. chairg* 
charek* koyak* rabak. 

Laceration (-a'shmi), s. cliuarg- 
chairg* rabak. 

Lack (lak), v. t. (want, be without) 
kurarg, ta'chukop, as, he lacks dili- 
gence, d,ia kurarg rajin; he lacks 
food, dia ta'chukop makanan. 

Lack, s. kkurargan, kpicJiek'au* An 
entire lack, ktiada'an. 

Lackey (lak'i), s. orarg gaji. 

Laconic (la-kon'ik), adj. (of per- 
sons), pndiam,, yatg berkata drgan 
rergkas;* (of speech) rergkas* 

Lacquer (lak'er), s. (Chinese var- 
nish) miryak kaiju rryas;* (Ma- 
lay) samparg* 

Lad (lad), s. budak jantan; (after 
puberty) truna* 

Ladder (lad'der), s. targga; (a pole 
with pins through, or a bamboo 
with branches cut short) sigai* 
Peg-ladder, sigai* 

Lade (lad), v. t. muatkan, bban- 

Laden (Ifid'n), adj. bermuat. 
Heavy laden, sarat. 

Lading (-ino:), s. muatan, bban* 
Bill of lading, surat muatan, le- 
ding (E.), konostnent (D.)(N'.I.). 

Ladle (la'dl), s. gayorg, pnchedok, 
sndok* sendok (B.) (N.I.), chen- 

torg (IST.I.) ; (flat, of wood or 

iron) sudip.* 
Ladle, v. t. chedok, sndokkan* 
Lady (la'di), s. prempuan baik- 

baik; .(European) mem; (Malay) 

'ncliek, siti (Ar.), tuan;* (Chi- 
nese) ryoiya, bibi (B.) ; (Indian) 

Ladybird (-herd), s. anak-china* 

b lalarg pi jar* ( Kl. ) . 
Lady's finger (la'diz fing'ger), s. 

kacharg bende, kacharg Inder. 
Ladylike (la'di-lik), adj. chara 

prempuan baik-baik. 
Ladyship (-ship), s. Your ladyship 

(in addressing Malay ladies of 

rank) tok piian* 'nchek. 
Lag (lag), V. i. (move slowly) ber- 

lergali, berlamhat, leka. 
Laggard (lag'gerd), s. orarg lergah, 

Lagoon (la-goon'), s. ayer yarg di- 

leigkorg btivg, londarg* (W.). 
Lair (lar), s. jrumun* 
Laity (la'i-ti), s. orarg baryak yarg 

tiada pargkdt padri, doktor, loyar 

dan s-bagai-iya, orarg preman (D. 

Lake (lak), s. tasek, kolam., danau,* 

tlaga (N.I.). 
Lamb (lam), s. anak domba, anak 

biri-biri, anak kambirg biri-biri. 
Lame (lam), adj. temparg, chapek, 

pencharg; (of the hip) inchut; 

(walking on the heel) jergkot;* 

(on the toes of one foot) jeigket. 
Lame, v. t. tempargkan. 
Lameness (lam'nes), s. temparg, 

etc., as above. 
Lament (la-menf), v. i. (mourn) 

berdukachita (Sk.), bersusah-hati, 

bergondah;* (weep) mnargis; 

(wail) ratap. 
Lament, v. t. dukachitakan (Sk.), 

berchintakan* mnargiskan, ratap- 

kan, as above. 
Lament, s. dukachita* percliinta^ 

'an* targisan* ratapan, as above. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minits, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin thQU. 




Lamentable (lam'en-ta-bl), adj. 
(sorrowful) herdukachita,* susah- 
Jiati; (deplorable) yaiy patut di- 

Lamentation (-ta'shi/n), s. (act of 
lamenting) see lament; (words 
used in wailing) hiji ratap.* 

Lamp (lamp), s. lampu (Eur.), 
plita, kandil (Ar.) ; (tin lamp 
without chimney) chargkok."^ 
Lamp chimney, chorory lampu, 
smprorg lampu (N.I.). Lamp 
shade, trendak lampu. Lamp 
wick, sumbu lampu. Hurricane 
lamp, lantiiy (E.), lantera* 

Lampblack (lamp'blak), s. jlaga,* 
tlaga* sularg,^ oyen (B.) (Ch. 

Lamplight (-lit), s. chahya lampu. 

Lampoon (lam-po5n'), v. t. tulis 

Lance (lans), s. tomhak orary her- 

Lance, v. t. hlah drgan pisau dawn 

Lancet (lan'set), s. pisau daun 
padi/^ piso doktor (B.). 

Land (land), s. (as opposed to 
water) darat; (portion of earth's 
surface) bnua,^ negri, tanah; 
(ground) tanah. Land breeze, 
argin darat. Land office, pjdbat 
tanah (J.). Land rent, ha^il 

Land, v. i. naik darat. 

Land, v. t. (cargo) purggah; (a 
fish) sentakkan k-darat; (cause to 
fall) jatohkan. 

Landau (lan'daw), s. kreta bogi 

Landing (land'ing), s. (going on 
shore) hal naik darat; (landing 
place) prgkalan* bagan (P.) ; 
(level part of staircase) plantar.* 

Landlady (-la-di), s. same as below. 

Landlord (-lord), s. (owner) tuan 

tanah, tuan rumah; (of an inn) 
tuan hotel, kpala rumah makan. 

Landmark (-mark), s. (boundary 
stone) batu smpadan; (prominent 
object) tanda 'alamat di darat.* 

Landscape (-skap), s. * gambar 

Landslip (-slip), s. tanah runtoh, 
tanah roboh; (small) tanah ter- 

Lane (Ian), s. lororg, lurorg (B.). 

Language (lang'gwej), s. bhasa, 
chakap, loghat (Ar.). Court lan- 
guage, bhasa dalam.* Foul lan- 
guage, charut. 

Languid (-gwid), adj. It eh, Isu, 

Languish (-gwish), v. i. (of per- 
sons) mnjadi It eh; (of plants) 

Langour (-ger), s. Iteh, Isu, Irgoh. 

Lank (langk), adj. kurus krirg. 

Lanky (langk'i), adj. tirggi mran- 
jau,* tiiggi mlonjorg, tirggi mn- 
jolok (B.) ; (less) panjarg lam- 

Lantern (lan'tern), s. lantirg (E.), 
lantera* (Port.), kandil (Ar.) ; 
(paper) targlotg (Ch.); (glass) 
terg (Ch.). 

Lanyard (-yerd), s. (Naut.) tali 
tamli, nay an. 

Lap (lap), s. (on the knees) riba- 
'an;* (circuit on race track) kli- 
ling; (overhang, as tiles) lapisan. 

Lap, V. t. (fold) lapiskan. 

Lap, V. i. (with the tongue) jilat. 

Lapel (la-pel'), s. lipatan baju. 

Lapidary (lap'i-da-ri), s. (artificer) 
pnchanai;* (expert in stones) jaw- 
hari (Ar.). 

Lappet (lap'pet), s. lipatan. 

Lapse (laps), v. i. (slip, slide) glin- 
chir; (pass slowly) lalu; (become 
void) batal, lunchor.* 

Lapse, s. (error, fault) silap, (Ar. 
khilaf). Lapse of time, antara.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f55d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Larboard (lar'b5rd), s. sblah kiri 
(di kapal), usually port. 

Larceny (-se-ni), s. churi, kchurian. 

Lard (lard), s. miryak babi. 

Lard, v. t. miryaki; (as pans in cook- 
ing) lensir;'^ also see interlard. 

Larder (lard'er), s. bilek pryimpan 
makanan, spen (N.I.). 

Large (larj), adj. bsar; (of area) 
Inas, laparg; in some expressions 
raya or agorg, as, jalan raya* 
msjid agorg* At large (without 
restraint), bebas. 

Largely (larj'li), adv. (usually) k- 
biasa'an; (mostly) terlbeh skali, 
terutama (Sk.). 

Largess (lar'jes), s. hambur-ham- 
bur/^ derma (Sk.), kurnia (Sk.). 

Lark (lark), s. s-jnis burorg pipit. 

Larva (lar'va), s. ulat, brrgaf (of 
mosquitoes) jntek-jntek. 

Larynx (lar'ingks), s. tkak. 

Lascar (las'kar) s. anak prahu, 

Lascivious (las-siv'i-ws), adj. ga- 
sarg,^ gatal, miarg, perlente 
"(N.L), perlonteh (N.L) ; (of 
animals) biarg* giarg (P.). 

Lash (lash), s. (end of a whip) hu- 
jorg chabok; (stroke with a whip) 
sbat; (eyelash) bulu mata. 

Lash, V. t. (strike with a whip) 
sbat, chaboki; (bind with rope) 
bbat, kbat;* (tie together) iJcat, 

Lashing (lash'ing), s. tali prgikat; 
(of rattan) krawat* Gun lash- 
ings, bndawat* mriam. 

Lass (las), s. anak prempuan, anak 
dara, prawan* gadis* dayarg* 

Lassitude (las'si-tud), s, klm.ahan, 

Lasso (-so), s. tali pnjrat Imhu, 
jrat; (for fish or snakes) tanjol* 

Lasso, V. t. sank, tanjoL* 

Last (last), adj. prghabisan, yarg 
kmdian skali, yarg blakarg skali, 
chorot, yarg al'hir (Ar.). Last 

night, malam tadi, s-malam. Last 
week, mirggo lalu, mirggo dhvlu. 
Last year, tahun lalu, tahun dhulu, 
tahun sudah. At last, prghabisan^ 
iya, akhir-nja (Ar.), habis-habis* 
To breathe one's last, putus ryawa. 

Last, adv. (previously) dhulu. 

Last, s. klbot kasut,* kalbot spatu.* 

Last, v. i. (endure) tahan; (con- 
tinue, last long) kkal. This raia 
will not last long, ini hujan s-bntar 

Lasting (last'ing), adj. (continu- 
ing) kkal; (not fading, of colours) 

Lastly (-li), adv. prghabisan-rya, 
akhir-rya (Ar.). 

Latch (lach), s. slak pintu.* 

Latch, V. t. slak.^ 

Late (lut), adj. (tardy) lambat, le- 
wat; (deceased) yarg tlah mnirg- 
gal,* yarg sudah mati (B.) ; (of 
princes) marhum (Ar.). The 
late Mr. — , arwah — (Ar.). 

Late, adv. (tardy) lambat. Late at 
night, jauh malam. Late in life, 
sudah 'uinor, sudah ada 'umor 
(B.). Too late, kleivatan, lewat, 
sudah lat. 

Lateen (la-ten'), adj. A lateen sail, 
layer bulu ay am. 

Lately (lat'li), adv. bharu ini, 
bharu sahaja, tadi, dalani sdikit 

Latent (la'tent), adj. tersmbuiyi, 
terlindorg, terslijidorg.* 

Later (later), adv. kmdian. Soon- 
er or later, lambat-bawat,'^ lam- 
bat-laun,* lambat-laivan (B.). 

Lateral (lat'er-d), adj. di sblah, 
sblaJi erergan.* 

Laterite (-It), s. batu merah. 

Lath (lath), s. broti; (to which 
ataps are fastened) jerjak;* (in- 
side the atap) brgkawan;"^ (used in 
walls) blbas;* (in floors) lantai; 
(split bamboo laths) bilah.* 

Lathe (\hth), s. plarek,* bindu.* 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin th^n. 




Lather (la^/t'er), v. i. herbueh, her- 

busa (B.). 
Lather, s. (of soap) bueh sabon; (of 

sweat) bueh ploh. 
Latin (lat'in), s. bhasa orarg Rom 

dhulu kola. 
Latitude (-i-tud), s. (breadth) h- 

luasan, lebar; (freedom from con- 

fitraint) kbebasan; (distance from 

equator) jauh deri Jchatti 'Uistiwa 

Latrine (la-tren'), s. jamban, tmpat 

buarg ayer, tmpat k-surgai,^ kakus 

Latter (lat'ter), adj. yarg kmdian, 

yarg di blakarg. 
Latterly (-li), adv. kmdian; also see 


Lattice (-tis), s. jala-jala* rnata- 

jmnai, jarirg-jariiy. 
Laud (lawd), v. t. puji. 
Laudable (lawd'a-bl), adj. yaiy pa- 
tut di-puji. 
Laudanum (law'da-ni^m or lod'- 

num), s. ayer madat. 
Laudatory (lawd'a-to-ri), adj. yarg 

Laugh (laf), v. i. tertaiva, ktawa; 

(loudly) ilai/^ tertaiva glak-glak* 

glakak; (giggle) kekek* kekel* 
Laugh, s. tertaiva, glak/" A horse 

laugh, ilai* 
Laughable (lafa-bl), adj. pTggli 

hati, Iv^hii/'^ jnaka,'^ yarg mmbuat 

Laughingstock (-ing-stok), s. p- 

Laughter (-ter), s. tertawa, glak,^ 

ilai;* see laugh. 
Launch (Janch or lawnch), v. t. 

(hurl) lontar; (cause to slide 

down) lunchurkan* sororg; (set 

going) jalankan. 
Launch, s. (act of launching) plun- 

churau,;* (large boat) bar gas (D. 

barkas). Steam launch, kapal api 


Laundress (lan'dres or lawn'dres), 
s. p-empuan pryuchi kain. 

Laundry (-dri), s. tmpat mryuchi 

Laundryman (-dri-man), s. dobi, 
tukaig mnatu (N.I.). 

Laureate (law'ri-et), adj. Poet lau- 
reate, jjrgarang sha'ir kraja'an.* 

Lava (la'va), s. batu hanchor yarg 
kluar deri gunorg berapi. 

Lavatory (Jav'a-to-ri), s. bilek tm- 
pat mmbasoh taigan, tmpat buarg 

Laver (la'ver), s. koJah,* loyarg 

Lavish (lav'ish), adj. abor,"^ habor* 
lem.pah,'^ meivah, targan terbuka* 
taigan lebar (B.). 

Lavish, v. t. ahor* habor.* 

Law (law), s. (rule of conduct) hu- 
kum, kanun (Ar.) ; (law of Moses) 
taiirit (Ar.) ; (Mohammedan law) 
shariat (Ar.) : (human govern- 
ment) liukum, preniaJi; (ordin- 
ance, rule) undaig-undaig, Jo 
{E.),wet (D.) (N.L); (decree of 
a king) tilah.* 

Law-abiding (-a-bid'ing), adj. yarg 
mnurut prentah. 

Law court (kort), s. t?)ipat bichara, 
mahkamah (Ar.), dewan (Pers.), 
kot (E.). 

Lawful (law'fool), adj. halal, m- 
nurut undatg-undarg, sah. 

Lawgiver (-giv-er), s. orarg yarg 
minh uat vndarg-undarg. 

Lawless (-les), adj. derhaka. 

Lawn (lawn), s. Jialaman berrum- 
put, padarg main bola. 

Lawn, s. kain kasa (Ar. khdsah), 
kain muslin (Eur.), kain maslin 

Lawsuit (law'sut), s. perkara, h- 
chara, perd'aivaan, kes (E.). 

Lawyer (-yer), s. pnolorg bichara, 
pguam,^ loj/ar (E.), layar (P.), 
pakrol (N.I.). 

Lax (laks), adj. (loose) lorggar, kn- 

ate, ask, am, finol, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; iise, us, minws, cure, injures 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




dur; (not strict) Imhot, rergan, 
rirgan (B.), hurarg hras. 

Laxative (laks'a-tiv), adj. pncha- 
har* julap, ohat chuchi prot. 

Laxity (-i-ti), s. hal lorggar, hot kn- 
dur, praiyai yary Inibot. Laxity 
of discipline, prentali yarg Icurarg 

Lay (la), v. t. (put down) Itak, 
taroh; (cause to lie down) hariiy- 
kan; (of sick persons) hantar/^ 
(arrange, as bricks, etc.) susun, 
tindan;'^ (make ready, prepare) 
pasarg; (a table) atur; (a carpet) 
bntarg; (place in position) hiiboli, 
bubu (B.), as, huboh alas, to lay 
foundations; (impose as a burden 
or punishmelit) targgorgkan, Itak- 
han, jatohkan. To lay aside, tpi- 
kan, sblahkan. To lay bare, buka. 
To lay claim to, akiii* To lay 
down (surrender), srahkan; (as- 
sert) tntukan. To lay eggs, ber- 
tlor. To lay hands on, targkap. 
To lay hold of, pgarg, pegaiy (B.), 
paid. To lay open, buka. To lay 
out (expend), blanjakan; (dis- 
play) njatakan; (exert) kluarkan. 
To lay to heart, irgat baik-baik. 
To lay up (store), simpan; (con- 
fine) kurorg. To lay wait for, 
'ndap, mrgndap (B.), adarg* To 
lay waste, rosakkan. 

Lay, adj. yarg tiada berpargkat; see 


Layer (la'er), s. (thickness or fold) 
lapis; (course, as of bricks) susun, 

Layman (-man), s. ora^y tiada ber- 
pargkat, orarg preman; see laity. 

Laziness (-zi-nes), s. kmalamn. 

Lazy (-zi), adj. malas, pmalas, 
klesa,* brat tularg. 

Lead (led), s. (the metal) timah 
hitam; (for sounding) prum,* 
batu dug a; (on a fishing line) 
batu ladorg* Black lead, ararg 
berbku* Eed lead, sdlirggam* 

White lead, abok chat puteh. To 

heave or cast the lead, buarg 

pi'tim,* buarg duga. 
Lead (led), v. t. (guide with the 

hand) pimpin; (conduct) hantar; 

(direct the way) bawa jalan; 

(draw with a rope, as animals) 

eretf (with a stick, as a blind 

man) tuntun;* (precede) dhului; 

(be a leader to) hulukan* To 

lead astray, ssatkan. To lead to 

(cause), bawa, datargkan, sbab- 

Leaden (led'n), adj. (made of lead) 

deri-pada timah hitam; (the co- 
lour) kbam* 
Leader (led'er), s. pmbawa jalan, 

prganjur/^^ pandu,* kpala 
Leadership (-ship), s. rsmi prg- 

Leading (led'ing), adj. yarg rmda- 

mula, yarg dhulu. 
Leadline (led'lin), s. tali prum,* 

tali duga. 
Leaf (lef), s. daun, daun kayu; (of 

palm trees) plpah; (of nipah) 

samir;* (of a book) hlai,* lai. 

Gold leaf, ^mas kertas, 'mas prada.* 

Leaf insect, blalarg daun. 
Leafless (lefles), adj. gondol, tiada 

berdaun, rergges,* lokos.* 
Leafy (-i), adj. (full of leaves) ren- 

darg, rimbun.* 
League (leg), s. kjauhan tiga batu. 
League, s. muafakat (Ar.), per- 

skutu-an;* (in a bad sense) su- 

League, v. i. berskutu,* bermuor' 

fakat (Ar.). 
Leak (lek), s. bochor. 
Leak, v. i. (as a roof or vessel) bo- 
chor; (as fluids) tiris. To leak 

out (as a secret), pchah. 
Leakage (lek'ej), s. bochor 
Leaky (-i), adj. bochor; (of atap 

roofs) bintarg-bintargan.* 
Lean (len), v. i. (incline) chondory, 

serget, srenderg;* (rest on the 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




hand) hertlJcan;* (on the elbow) 
bertlku; (conform in conduct) 
cliondorg. To lean against, san- 

Lean, adj. hurus. 

Leanness (len'nes), s. hhurusan. 

Lean-to (-too), s. atap pisarg sikat.* 

Leap (lep), v. i. t. lompat; (a stand- 
ing jump) rjoh; (with both feet) 
lonchat; (as animals) hambor; 
(as fish) lainborg. To leap dowrn, 
terjun. To leap on, terkam. 

Leap, s. lompatan, lonchatan, terjun. 

Leapfrog (lep'frog), s. main lompat 
katak [kodok (B.)]. 

Leap-year (-yer), s. tahun Icabisat 
(Ar.), tahun panjarg, tahun lun 
(B.) (Ch. lun). 

Learn (lern), v. i. (gain know- 
ledge) blajar, kaji* mrgaji; (re- 
ceive inf ormatiuTi ) dapat iahu. 

Learn, v. t. To learn the Koran, 
mrgaji kor'an. To learn by heart, 
hapalkan* (Ar. hafatl). To learn 
the sciences, mnuntut 'ilmu* 

Learned (lern'ed), adj. bcrihnu,^ 
'alim (Ar.), berplajaran, arif 
(Ar. 'arif), pandai surat (B.). 

Learner (-er), s. murid. 

Learning (-ing), s. (acquisition of 
knowledge) plajaran; (acquired 
knowledge) 'ilmu* pvgtahuan, k- 
pandaian. A man of learning, 
orarg 'alim (Ar.), pndita (Sk.). 

Lease (les), s. sewa, pajak; (of 
government land) gran hidop (E. 

Lease, v. t. sewa, pajak. 

Leash (lesh), s. tali pnambat. 

Least (lest), adj. yarg kchil skali, 
yaig huratg skali. At least (not 
less than), s-kurarg-kurarg ; (at 
any rate) bgimana pun. In the 
least, sdikit pun. Not in the least, 
satu pun tidak, tidak skali-kali. 

Leather (leth'er), s. (raw) blu- 
larg;^ (tanned) hulit, kulit sa- 

Leather, adj. deri-pada kulit, kulit 

Leathery (-i), adj. sperti kulit, 

Leave (lev), s. (permission) kbnar- 
an, izin; (vacation) chuti. To 
take one's leave, bermohon,* minta 
diri,* mnampun.* 

Leave, v. t. (depart from, let re- 
main, abandon) tirggalkan; (let 
be) biarkan. To leave alone, biar- 
kan, diamkan. To leave off (de- 
sist from), berhnti, brenti (B.), 
Ipas; (forsake) huargkan. To 
leave out, tirggalkan, largkaukan.* 

Leave, v. i. (depart) pergi, bertolak, 
berargkat (N.I.). 

Leaven (lev'n), s. ragi, khamir 

Leaven, v. t. (cause to ferment) 
ragikan; (imbue with) champur 

Leavings (lev'ingz), s. (of food) 
ska; (on the floor) remah;* (of 
cloth and other materials) reja; 
(refuse) hampas. 

Lecherous (lech'er-i^s), adj. ga- 
sarg,"^ miarg, gatal; (of animals) 

Lectern (lek'tern), s. (stand for the 
Koran) rihal'^ (Ar. raiial). 

Lecture (-chur), s. prguchapan, prg- 
ajaran; (on religious subjects) 
khutbah* (Ar. khuTbah), see be- 

Lecture, v. i. bacha ptyuchapan, 
bershurah (Ar. shurau). 

Lecture, v.t. (reprove) ajar, tgur, 
kalut (B.). 

Lecturer (-er), s. pmbacha uchapan, 
yarg bershurah (Ar.). 

Ledge (lej), s. kumai,"^ pak,* terg- 
kat-tergkat pak.'^ 

Ledger (lej'er), s. buku kira-kira. 

Lee (le), s. tmpat tdoh. 

Lee, adj. sbJah baivah argin. 

Leech (lech), s. (of the jungle) pa- 
chat;'^ (in water) lintah. 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry ; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry ; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sdrry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




Leek (lek), s. hawarg hucliai (Ch. 

Leer (ler), v. i. jlirg drgan niat 
jaliat, kerlirg* 

Lees (lez), s. pi. MadaJc* 

Leeward (le'werd or lu'erd), adj. 
sblah bawah argin, mrgekor argin* 

Leeway (le'wa), s. (Naut). To 
make leeway, haryut, habas. 

Left (left), adj. kbi, shiah kiri. 

Lefthanded (left'hand'ed), adj. ki- 

Leg (leg), s. (gen.) kaki; (from 
knee to ankle) btis;* (thigh) pa- 
ha; (of grasshopper) ktek.'^ 

Legacy (leg'a-si), s. psaka, pusaka. 

Legal (le'gal), adj. (conforming to 
law) halal, mnurut hukum, m- 
nurut pre7iiali, mnurut undanj-un- 
darg. To take legal action, d'awa, 
buat perkara. Legal adviser, lo- 
yar (E.)? etc., see lawyer. 

Legalize (iz), v. t. halalkan. 

Legally (-li), adv. mnurut hukum, 
drgan halal (Ar. Tialdl). 

Legate (leg'et), s. utusan.^ 

Legatee (leg'a-te'), s. waris (Ar. 
wdrith ) . 

Legation (le-ga'shi^n), s. (em- 
bassy) utusan;* (envoy's resi- 
dence) rumah utusan."^ 

Legend (lej'end or le'jend), s. chri- 
ta dhulu kala yarg 'aja'ib-aja'ib* 
[heran (B.)]. 

Legendary (lej'en-da-ri), adj. deri- 
pada chrita yarg 'aja'ib'^ [heran 

Legerdemain (lej'er-de-man'), s. 
silap mata. 

Legging (leg'ging), s. lapek btis.* 

Legible (lej'i-bl), adj. yarg boleh 

Legion (Wjun), s. pasokan soldado 
orarg Rom dhulu kala; (mul- 
titude) terlalu baryak. 

Legislate (lej'is-lat), v. i. buat 
undarg-undarg, kluarkan hukum. 

Legislation (-la'shwn), s. hal mm- 
buat undarg-undarg. 

Legislative (-la-tiv), adj. berkna^ 
'an drgan mmbuat und-arg-un- 
darg.* Legislative council, ma- 
shuarat* kraja^an. 

Legislator (-la-ter), s. yarg mm- 
buat undarg-undarg. 

Legislature (-la-chur), s. majlis 
yarg mmbuat undarg-undarg.* 

Legitimate (le-jit'i-met), adj. (ac- 
cordant with law) yarg mnurut 
prentah, yarg mnurut hukum; 
(lawful) halal; (lawfully born) 
anak nikah* (Ar. nikd'H.)^ anak 
kahivin (B.) ; (proper) patut, 

Legitimize (-miz), v. t. halalkan. 

Leguminous (le-gii'mi-ni/.s), adj. 
deri-pada baiysa kacharg. 

Leisure (lezh'ur or le'zhur), s. (va- 
cant time) laparg, klapaigan, Iga; 
(convenient opportunity) snarg, 

Leisure, adj. laparg, Iga, snarg; as 

Leisurely (-li), adj. perlahan-la- 
han, lambat, plan-plan. 

Lemon (lem't/n), s. limau susu. 
Lemon grass, srai. 

Lemonade (-ad'), s. ayer lamnet 
(E.), ayer limon (N".!.), limonada 

Lemur (le'mer), s. kuborg.* 

Lend (lend), v. t. pinjamkan, hi 
pin jam; (grant, afford) bri. To 
lend a hand, tolorg. 

Lender (lend'er), s. yarg mminjam- 

Length (length), s. (distance from 
end to end) panjarg, kpanjargan; 
(as opposed to width) bujor;* 
(duration) Ian jut, lama; (a single 
piece, of long objects) s-batarg; 
(of flat things, as ataps) s-bidarg;* 
(as partitions) s-piiamparg ;* (of 
rope, if cut) s-potorg; (of bamboo, 
between joints) s-ruas.* At 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; fo5d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin th^n. 




length, prghahisan-nja, akhir-rya 

Lengthen (length'n), v. t. panjarg- 

kan, lanjutkan; (as garments, by 

adding a piece) torgkah;'^ (as a 

plank of a boat) targkir* 
Lengthwise (-wTz), adv. mmbu- 

Lengthy (-i), adj. panjarg sargat, 

terlalu panjarg, terlalu lanjut. 
Leniency (le'ni-en-si), s. (mercy) 

hlas, kaseha7i, see below. 
Lenient (-ent), adj. (mild) Imah- 

Imbot; (merciful) herkaselian; 

(not severe, of a punishment) re- 

rgan, enterg (N.I.). 
Lens (lenz), s. (of telescopes, etc.) 

kaclia tropoTg; (of spectacles) ka- 

cha mata. 
Lent (lent), s. puasa orarg Msihi* 

ampat-puloh hari lama-iya [Kris- 

tian (B.)]. 
■Lentil (len'til), s. kacharg hijau. 
Leopard (lep'erd), s. (yellow) ha- 

rimau hintarg* hrimau dahan* 

rimau akar; (black) liarimau 

kumharg, rimau kumhaig. 
Leper (-er), s. orarg herkusta,^ 

oraig berpryakit jahat, orarg iaiko 

(B.) {Qh.'tMi-ko). 
Leprosy (-ro-si), s. kusta* pryakit 

jahat, pryakit hsar, taiko (B.) 

(Ch. thdi-ko). 
Less (les), adj. (not so much) ku- 

rarg; (smaller than) kchil deri- 

Lessee (les-se'), s. orarg yarg mrye- 

Lessen (les'n), v. t. kurargkan, 

kdiilkan, rergankan. 
Lesson (les'sn), s. (something 

learnt) vlajaran; (something read) 

bachaan; (rebuke) a jar an, trgkirg, 

Lessor (les'sor), s. orarg yarg m- 

Lest (lest), conj. spaya jargan, asal 

jaigan; (for fear that) takot. 

Let (let), V. t. (permit, allow) biar, 
biarkan, bri, kasi (B.) ; (lease) 
seivakan. To let alone, biarkan, 
tinjgallcan. To let down (lower), 
turimkan, labohkan; (the hair) 
gerbargkan. To let fall, jatohkan. 
To let a person go, Ipaskan. 
To let in (allow to enter), masok- 
kan, bri masok, lulus* To let 
loose, Ipaskan. To let off (fire- 
arms), pasarg; (release) Ipaskan; 
(pardoi]) mahapkan (Ar. madf). 
To let out (release) Ipaskan; (en- 
large) bsarkan; (lease) sewakan; 
(divulge) pchahkan. 

Let, s. Without let or hindrance, 
drr^a7i tiada tersargkot, drgan tiada 
aral* (Ar. 'aradl). 

Lethargic (le-thar'jik), adj. yaTy 
imgantok, Jalai. 

Lethargy (leth'er-ji), s. rsmi m- 
tgantok, lalai, klalaian. 

Letter (let'ter), s. (written charac- 
ter) liurtif (Ar. liuruf) ; (written 
communication) surat kiriman, 
warkah (Ar.). Letters of ad- 
ministration, surat kuasa psaka. 

Lettuce (-tis), s. daun salada (D.). 

Leucoderma, see discoloration. 

Leucorrhoea (lu'kor-re'a), s. puteh- 

Levee (lev'a), s. (of a king) mn- 
junjoig duli* 

Level (lev'el), adj. (even, flat) rata, 
datar;* (on the same level) s-lari,* 
sama rata; (of two things) sama 

Level, v. t. (make flat or horizontal) 
ratakan; (bring to the same level 
as something) araskan;* (bring 
down) ratakan drgan bumi; (aim, 
as a gun) tujukan; (bring to a 
common level) samakan. 

Lever (le'ver, u. s. lev'er), s. tuil,* 
prgumpil; (of a rice huller) gan- 
dar;* (of large fishing stakes) 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thin then. 




Leviticus (le-vit'i-k^/s), s. kitah i- 
mamat (Ar.). 

Levity (lev'i-ti), s. (lightness, buoy- 
ancy) Jclampo^yan; (frivolity) 
rsmi yaty stasia,^ 

Levy (-i), v. t. (collect, as troops) 
krali;* (as taxes) puiyut, hutip* 

Lewd (Ivid), adj. luchah, cliabol,^ 
gasary* gatal, miaty; (of conver- 
sation) charut. 

Lexicographer (leks'i-kog'ra-fer). 
s. pnjarary kamus (Ar. gdmus). 

Lexicon (-kun), s. kamus (Ar.). 

Liability (li'a-biri-ti), s. (a debt) 
huta7y; see liable. 

Liable (-bl), adj. (bound by law) 
terpaksa. Contingency is express- 
ed as follows: a horse is liable to 
■stumble, kuda terkadary-kadary ter- 
.^radory'^ \tersunjkoh (B.)]. Li- 
able to happen, harus, mumkin 

Liar (li'er), s. pmbohory, pndustaJ^ 

Libation (li-ba'shim), s. persmhali- 
an minuman. 

Libel (li'bl), v. t. nstaj^ clierclia,^ 
husokkoji nama. 

Libel, s. nsta (Sk.), chercha (Sk.). 

Libellous, {-us), adj. pnsta/^ pn- 

Liberal (lib'er-al), adj. (generous) 
murali liati; (abundant, bounti- 
ful) le^npah* mlepah (B.) ; (not 
narrow) hehas. 

Liberality (-al'i-ti), s. (generosity) 
kniurahan; (abundance) klempah-' 
an;* (independence) khebasan. 

Liberate (-at), v. t. Ipaskan, behas- 
kan; (of slaves) merdhekakan 

Libertine (-tin), s. orary chabol* 
orary lucJiah, perlonteh (N".!.). 

Liberty (-ti), s. (freedom) kbebas- 
an; (from slavery) kmerdheka'an 
(Sk.) ; (leave, permission) izin. 
At liberty, bebas. 

'Librarian (ll-brar'i-an), s. pnjaga 
perkumpolan buku. 

Library (li'bra-ri), s. perkumpolan 
buku-buk'ii, tmpat miyimpan buku. 

Licence (li'sens), s. (authority, per- 
mission) izin, kbnaran; (a docu- 
ment) siii'at izin, lesen (E.), bslit 
(X.I.) (D. besluit) ; (excess of 
liberty) kbebasan. 

License, v. t. bri izin, bnarkan. 

Licentious (-sen'shi/s), adj. lu- 
c/iah, gasaiy,* yatal, miary, cha- 
bol,* perlonteh (N.I.). 

Licentiousness (-nes), s. luchah, 
yasanj,"^ perchabolan,* perlonteh- 
an (N.I.). 

Lichen (li'ken), s. lumut. 

Lick (lik), V. t. jilat; (beat, con- 
quer, si.) alahkan.'^ 

Licking (lik'ing), s. (si.) yasak, 

Lid (lid), s. tutop, tudory; (eyelid) 
klopak mata. 

Lie (li), s. bohoiy, dusta,* bid'ah 
(Ar.). To give a person the lie, 

Lie, V. i. boliory, mmbohory, ber- 

Lie, V. i. bariry; (prone) tiarap, m- 
niarap; (of sick persons) terhan- 
tar;* (on the back) terlntary; (be 
situated) dudok; (abide, con- 
tinue) tirgyal; (consist in) jadi 
deri-pada. To lie down, bariry; 
(children's talk) bam* To lie in 
wait, 'ndap, adary* To lie on, 
tindeh. To lie over (be deferred) 
tmygoh,* pospon (E.). 

Lief (lef), adv. (willingly) ber- 
knan. I would as lief go as not, 
pergi atau tidak sama berknan. 

Liefer (lef(3r), adv. (rather) rmak. 


Liefer die than live 

thus, deri-pada hidop byini rmak- 
lah mati. 

Liege (lej), adj. (having full au- 
thority) maha kuasa; (loyal) ber- 
bakti (Sk.). 

Lien (len), s. (right to control pro- 
perty) hak* (Ar. naqq). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f65d, foot, awfool (awful) ; law, how, oil; thiu then. 




Lieu (lu), s. In lieu of, ahan ganti, 


Lieutenant (lef-ten'ant), s. hpdla 
lima-puloh soldado, malim di ha- 
pal prarg, letnun (N.I.). 

Lieve (lev), adj. = lief, q. v. 

Life (iTf), s. (state of being) hidop; 
(principle of life) hay at (Ar. na- 
ydt) ; (duration of life) 'umor, 
usia (Sk.) ; (vital force) jiwa, 
njawa; (way of living) hahidopan, 
klakuan; (biography) hikayat.* 
The life to come, akhirat. A life 
sentence, hukum jel sampai mati. 
All one's life, s-panjarg 'umor, s- 
'umor hidop. See spirit. 

Lifebelt (lifbelt), s. haju plam- 

Lifeboat (-bot), s. prahu pnolory 
orarg karam. 

Lifebuoy (-boi), s. hoya/^ hairup* 

Lifeless (-les), adj. (without life) 
tiada berryawa; (spiritless) klesa/^ 
kurarg chergas.'^ 

Life preserver (pre-zerv'er), s. 
tali knot"^ (D. knots = cudgel). 

Lifelong (-long), adj. yarg s-umor 

Lifetime (-tim), s. 'umor. 

Lift (lift), V. t. (raise) argkat, naik- 
kan; (to a higher place) tirggi- 
kan; (with one hand) tatirg;^ 
(as a curtain or skirt) selak. 

Lift, s. (act of lifting) hal mrgarg- 
kat; (elevator) lip (E.), psawat 
mrgargkat laraig atau orarg dalam 
rumah.* Topping lift (Xaut.), 

Ligament (lig'a-ment), s. (any- 
thing that ties) ikatan, perhuhorg- 
an; (of the muscles) urat pry am- 
borg tularg. 

Ligature (-chur), s. bhatan, barut- 

Light (lit), s. tra^g, chahya, sinar; 
(daylight) siarg; (that which 
gives light, as a lamp or light- 
house) api, suloh. To bring to 

light, 7yatakan, trargkan. To give 
light, berchahya, bersinar. 

Light, adj. (bright) trarg, her- 
chahya, chrah; (of colour) muda, 
ledarg (W.) ; (in weight) rergan, 
enterg (N.I.) ; (in specific grav- 
ity, as soft woods) lamporg; 
(easy) snarg, mudahf' (of wind) 
spui-spni;* (of ships, without 
cargo ) aiggal.^' To make light of^ 
rergankan, permudahkan.'^ 

Light, V. t. (set fire to) chuchoh;* 
(kindle fire or lamps) pasarg, rya- 
lakan; (illuminate) trargkan; 
(with a torch or lamp) suloh. 

Lighten (llt'n), v. i. berkilut. 

Lighten, v. t. (illuminate) trarg- 
kan; (make lighter) rergankan, 
kurargkan, entergkan (N.I.) ; (re- 
duce cargo, of a ship) arggalkan."^ 

Lighter (-er), s. torgkarg, toako 
(Ch. toa-ko'). 

Lighterage (-er-ej), s. ivarg sewa 

Lightheaded (lit'hed'ed), adj. m- 

Lighthearted (-hart'ed), adj. ber- 

Lighthouse (-hows), s. rumah api. 

Lightly (-li), adv. (with little 
weight) rergan; (in small degree) 
sdikit; (without heed) drgan ku- 
rarg irgat; (without reason) tiada 
s-mna-mna* tiada bersbab. 

Lightness (-nes), s. (buoyancy) 

Lightning (-ning), s. kilat. Forked 
lightning, kilat sahorg-mtyaborg^ 
kilat samborg-mn/amborg (B.). 
Flash of lightning, panah ptir. 

Lights (llts), s. paru-paru 

Lightship (lit'ship), s. kapal yarg 
mnjadi rumah api. 

Ligneous (lig'ni-w-s), adj. deri-pada 
kayu, kayu (a). 

Like (iTkj, adj. (similar) s-rupa, 
sawa. Something like, s'akan- 
akan,''' man sama (B.). 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire> 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f56d, foot, awfool (awful): law, how, oil; thin then. 


Like, adv. or prep, sperti, sama 

sperti, laksana, umpama, s-laku* 

s-rupa drgan. Like father like 

son, bginiana hapa dmhian* juga 

anak-nja [bgitu (B.)]. 
Like, s. (counterpart) tara, bandirg; 

(liking, preference) suka. 
Like, V. t. (enjoy) suka, gmar* 

akan; (approve, be pleased with) 

herknan, herknankan, sudikan. 
Like, V. i. suka, sudi. 
Likelihood (lik'li-hood), s. (pro- 
bability) Jial yarg bolek di-saigka, 

hal yatg boleh di-harap. 
Likely (lik'li), adj. (credible) yarg 

dapat di-perchaya; (probable) 

yaig boleh di-sargka, yarg di-sargka 

boleh jadi; (promising) yatg boleh 

Likely, adv. see above. 
Likeminded (-mind'ed), adj. satu 

Liken (llk'n), v. t. (compare) ban- 

dirgkan, umpamakan (Sk.), sama- 

Likeness (-nes), s. (similarity) k- 

srupaan; (appearance) rupa; 

(portrait) gambar, ,portret (N.I.). 
Likewise (-wiz), adv. bgitu juga, 

dmhian juga* 
Liking (-ing), s. (desire, profer- 

ence) ksuka'an, kgmaran.^' 
Lilac (iriak), s. (the colour) uigu 

mil da* 
Lily (lil'i), s. (Criuum asiaticum) 

bakorg. Water lily, tunjotg* ira- 

tai kchil. 
Limb (lim), s. (of the body) aiy- 

goia (Sk.) ; (of a tree) chabarg, 

Limber (lim'ber), s. (of a gun) 

kreta mriam yatg di hadapan ber- 

isi pluru. 
Limber, adj. Inter. 
Limbo (-bo), s. 'alam barzakh 

Lime (lim), s. (Citrus acida) Umau 
nipis; (the smallest kind) Umau 

303 LINE 

ksturi; (oxide of calcium) kapur 
tohor; (birdlime) gtah burorg. 

Lime, v. t. (with birdlime) gtah, 
nuggtah; (with calcium) sapu ka- 
pur, labur.* 

Limekiln (llm'kil), s. dapur mm- 
bakar kapur. 

Limestone (-ston), s. batu kapur. 

Limit (lim'it), s. perhirgga'an,* 
smpadan, aras,* had (Ar. Had); 
(of time) prergga7i masa;* (of 
measurement) jargka.* 

Limit, V. t. (apply limits) perhitgqa- 
kan,* etc., as above; (circum^scribe, 
restrict) smpitkan, pichekkan.* 

Limitation (lim i-ta'shwn), s. (act 
of limiting) pri minperhuggakan,* 
pri mujrnpitkan; (that which li- 
mits) perhhgga'an,* had (Ar.), 

Limited (lim'it-ed), adj. (restrict- 
ed) smpit, sergkat, pichek;* (con- 
fined within limits) bperhirgga- 
'an,* berhad (Ar.). 

Limitless (-les), adj. tiada bper- 
hirgga'an,* tiada terhirgga.* tiada 
had (Ar.). 

Limn (lim), v. t. talis gambar. 

Limp (limp), adj. (lacking stiff- 
ness) Imbek, lusoh; (hanging 
limp, as a broken arm) terkulai;* 
(as breasts) kopak, kopek. 

Limp, v. i. berjalan tempaig, ber- 
jalan inchut. 

Limpid (lim'pid), adj. jerneh, h- 
nify* bnirg.* 

Limulus (lim'u-lws), s. (king crab) 

Linchpin (linch'pin), s. pasak 

Line (lin), s. (thread or string) b- 
nary, tali; (long mark) baris; (if 
scratched) garis; (ruled on paper) 
miliar (Ar.) ; (course, route) ja- 
lan; (direction) tujuan, hala;* 
(row) baris, jejer,* deret; (short 
letter) surat yarg rergkas; (creases 
on the hand) rtak; (lineage) k- 

ate, ask, am, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire, 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minus, cure, injure, 

hurry; food, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




tiirunan. Hard lines, nasih ta'- 

haik, mitorg malmy. Line of bat- 
tle, ikat piwy* Eaihvay line, 

jalan heta api. Telegraph line, 

k^airat ialigrap. 
Line, v. t. (as clothes) lapis; (as a 

box with paper) alas. 
Lineage (lin'i-ej), s. Jcturunan. 
Lineal (-al), adj. (in direct line of 

descent) s-jati."^ 
Lineament (-a-ment), s. nipa, pa- 

Linear (-er), adj. (consisting of 

lines) bevharis. 
Linen (lin'en), s. lenen (E.), Tcat- 

tan'^ (Ar. kaftan). 
Liner (lin'er), s. (slip of metal) 

ganjal,'^ sndal* sntal (B.) ; 

(steamship) kapal mel (E, mail), 

kapal chalu* (Hind. chat). 
Linger (ling'ger), v. i. leixjali, her- 

lamhaian, herundan;* (in disease) 

idap* pryaJcit, mrana. 
Lingering (-ing), adj. letydh, lam- 

hat; (of disease) mrana. 
Linguist (-gwist), s. yarg talin ha- 

ryak bha^-^a. 
Liniment (lin'i-ment), s. obat go- 

Lining (iTn'ing), s. (of a garment) 

lajnsan; (of a box) alas. 
Link (lingk), s. (single ring of a 

chain) mata; (sleeve link) kan- 

dii'tg targan; (that which binds or 

unites) huborgan. 
Link, V. t. (unite, join) sainborg, 

huborg, jrepet* jreket* jrait.* 
Linoleum (li-no'li-^fm), s. tikar 

(I tall. 
Linseed (lin'sed), s. biji kattan* 

(Ar. kattan). 
Lint (lint), s. kain obat luka, glm- 

porg^ (W.). 
Lintel (lin'tel), s. ambarg.* 
Lion (Wun), s. sirga. Lion's 

share, bhagian yarg bsar. 
Lioness (-es), s. sirga btina. 
Lip (lip), s. bibir midut; (of a ves- 

sel) bihir. Hare lip, bihir sum- 
birg, bibir somberg (B.). Pro- 
jecting lower lip, bihir jueli.'^ 

Liquefaction (lik'we-fak'shim), s. 
lial mnclia'irkan, etc., as below. 

Liquefy (-fl), v. t. chairkan, encher- 
kan (N".I.) ; (as metals) Iburkan, 

Liquid (lik'wid), adj. chair, encher 

Liquid, s. bararg yarg clia'ir. 

Liquidate (lik'wi-dat), v. t. bliagi- 
kail Imtarg, slsaikan hutaty, slise- 
kan Imtarg (B.). 

Liquidation (-da'shi/n), s. lial mm^ 
bliagikan dan mrylsaikan hutaiy. 

Liquidator (-da-ter), s. pgawai*" 
yarg miylsaikan liutarg orarg \_ofi- 
ser (B.)]. 

Liquor (lik'er), s. rninuman yarg- 
kras, arak. 

Lisp (lisp), V. i. cliakap telor, ber~ 
tutor telor; (as a child) bertutor 

List (list) s. (roll or catalogue) daf- 
ter (Ar.), lis (E.), stat (D.) 
(TvT.I.) ; (N'aut.) serget, merirg, 
seiiderg;'^ (pi.) (field of combat) 
medan (Ar. maiddn). To enter 
the lists, masok glaiygaty''^ masok 

List, V. t. daftarkan (Ar.), serget- 
kan; as above. 

Listen (lis'n), v. i. drgar. 

Listless (listTes), adj. (spiritless) 
Isi* t'ada hati; (heedless) alpa 
(Sk.), lalai. 

Litany (lit'a-ni), s. do' a tobat (Ar.. 

Literal (lit'er-al), adj. (following 
the exact words) mnurut satu-satu 
perkataan; (real, not metaphori- 
cal) surggoJi. 

Literary (-a-ri), adj. Literary 
work, kerja karaiy-mrgararg. Li- 
terary man, orarg 'alim (Ar.),. 
orarg pandai snrat (B.). 

Literature (-a-chur), s. (acquain- 
tance with books) 'ilmu* kitab,. 

it«\ ask, fmi, final, care, car, carry; eve, hen, recent, mere, her, ferry; ice, it, fire,. 

mirror; old, not, connect, sore, sort, sorry; use, us, minws, cure, injure, 

hurry; f55d, foot, awfool (awful); law, how, oil; thin then. 




'ilmu* kararg-mrgararg ; (writ- 
ings) harargan. 

Lithe (Wth), adj. Intor; (of the 
body) lampai* 

Lithograph (lith'o-graf), v. t. chap 

Lithographer (li-thog'ra-fer), s. 
tuJcanj chap hatu. 

Lithography (-ii), s. Hlmu* chap 

Litigant (lit'i-gant), s. orarg yarg 
ada perhara, pnd'awa. 

Litigate (-gat), v. i. buat perhara, 

Litigation (-ga'shwn), s, bichara, 
perkara, perd'aivaan, d'awa-d'awi. 

Litter (lifter), s. (stretcher) u- 
sonja.n;'^ (straw) bincha, jrami;* 
(scattered things) bararg yarg ter- 
serak; (rubbish) sampah, sarap* 
(of dogs, etc.) piindun.^ 

Litter, v. t. (spread straw) serakkan 
jrami,'^ taroh bincha; (strew) 
serak, sepah, kaparkan;* (in dis- 
order, as clothes) prok. 

Little (lit'tl), adj. (small) kcMl, 
kchik (B.) ; (short in time, small 
in quantity) sdikit The little fin- 
ger, jari klergkerg. Little ones, 
kanak-kanak, budak-budak (B.). 

Little, adv. sdikit. 

Little, s. sdikit. Little by little, 

Liturgy (lit'er-ji), s. surat do' a, 
surat maulnd (Ar.). 

Live (liv), v. i. (be alive) hidop; 
(have life) bernjaioa, berhayat 
(Ar.) ; (dwell) tirggal, diam* du- 
dok;* (have a house) berrumah; 
(dwell temporarily) tumparg; 
(subsist on) makan. He lives at 
ease, kahidopan-rya snaty. To 
live long, berumor panjarg, hidop 
lama. To live on one's means, 
makan modal. 

Live (llv), adj. (alive) hidop; 
(burning) berryala 

Livelihood (liv'li-hood), s. pn- 
chanan, pndapatan, kahidopan, 
najkah (Ar. nafqah). Means of 
livelihood, rjki (Ar. rizki), jerli 

Lively (li