Skip to main content

Full text of "The Entomologist's monthly magazine"

See other formats

, * ■S'l*^ '• H T- 

' !■* 

: «^ - 


'y THE 




W. W. EOWLER, D.Sc, M.A., F.L.S. G. T. PORRITT, F.L.S. 

J. J. WALKER, M.A., R.N., F.L.S. 



[VOL. XLI.] 

I said that " all the years invent ; 
Each month is various to present 
The vrorld with some development." 

Tennyson — 'TAe Two Voices." 


GURNEY & JACKSON (Mb. Van Vooest's Successors), 






tl 04^00 




Following all too closely on the demise of our late 
much-regretted Editor-in-Chief, comes the news of the death 
of our greatly valued Colleague, C. G. Barrett, which took 
place on December nth, 1904, after a somewhat prolonged 
period of failing health, at the age of 68 years. 

This brief announcement, which we ask our readers to 
accept until a full obituary notice can be given in our next 
No., will, we feel assured, be received with sincere regret by 
all British Entomologists, and especially by the students of 
the Order Lepidoptera, to whom Mr. Barrett's name is as a 
" household word." His fellow Editors deeply regret the 
necessity of commencing the new volume of this Magazine 
with the announcement of so sad a loss to their number. 






It is now a good luauy years since the interesting account of the 
Odonata of Switzerland by Dr. Kr. Ris* came into my hands, and 
first made me alive to the great attractions of Eastern Switzerland, 
and especially of the Ziirich District, as one of the finest dragon- 
fly localities in Europe. In the interval Dr. Ris has himself become 
one of my most valued correspondents, and the beautiful series of 
Swiss Neuroptera sent by him from time to time form quite an out- 
standing feature of my collection, both with regard to the interest 
which they possess and also on account of their perfect preservation. 

Having never seen Eastern Switzerland, I resolved to go there 
this summer, when I hoped to have not only the pleasure of making 
the persona] acquaintance of Dr. Eis, but also to see for myself, under 
his experienced guidance, what could be done in the way of dragon- 
fly hunting in the " Ziiricher gebiet," now famous in the records of 
Odonate literature. 

Leaving Edinburgh on the forenoon of July 1st, accompanied by 
my wife, we travelled direct to Zurich, arriving there late at night on 
the 2nd. Early next morning communication was established by 
means of a somewhat refractory telephone, and by the middle of the 
day Dr. Ris joined us, having travelled from his home at Rheinau, a 
distance of 26 miles, to meet us. After consideia*^''on it was decided 
that Dr. Ris and I should go to Robenhausen to look for Nehalennia 
speciosum, Charp., a species that I had never seen alive, and the 
smallest of European dragon-flies. Two or three localities were avail- 
able, but Robenhausen was selected as the one in which it was likely 

* Die Schweizeriaeben Libellen, 1885. 
lAEY, 1905. 

2 [January, 

to be found most easily and most abundantly. Taking train to 
Aatlial, a distance of some 15| miles from Ziiricb, a short walk 
brought us to the peaty and swampy tract connected with the 
Pfaffikon See, the desired locality. It required no experienced eye 
to know that we were on good dragon-fly ground, for the insects 
themselves soon appeared. One of the first to attract attention was 
a big ^scJina, pronounced at once by Dr. Ris to be ^. isosceles, and 
ver}' soon I had the pleasure of making the capture of this fine 
species which so few British collectors have taken. I feared that it 
might be over, but it proved to be not uncommon in one or two other 
localities, although mostly rather worn. A very interesting species, 
it is not equal to grandis in appearance or dash when on the wing. 
Many of the commoner species put in an appearance: Anax imperator 
occupied several stations ; Orthetrum cancellatum was flying about, 
settling from time to time on drying peat, but wild as usual and most 
difficult to catch. There were also odd examples of Lihellula quad- 
rimaculata and tiijinpeirum scoticum, together with hosts of the 
Agrions, such as A. pulcheUum, E. cijathigerum, I. elegans and E. nnjas. 
Affrion hnstidatum also occurs here, but only one was taken by Dr. 
Ris. So far, however, the primary object of our search had not been 
seen, but at last in a wet place much overgrown with rushes and 
Equisetum, Dr. Ris found one -the daintest little thing imaginable, 
in bronzed green and blue, with a big yellowish pterostigma, but so 
inconspicuous that it might easily have been overlooked. One or two 
more were found, but it was evident that we had not yet reached the 
head-quarters of the species. Further search brought us to a place 
where the insect was more abundant, and while I simply collected. 
Dr. Ris made some interesting observations on the colours of the $ 
and believes that the same dimorphism exists in this species as in 
Ischnura. This subject will, no doubt, receive full explanation from 
himself. After we had dealt with N. speciosum, we had little time 
left for other species, and as the day w'as already well advanced we 
soon afterwards made our way to Wetzikon whence Dr. Ris returned 
to Rheinau and I to Ziirich, both of us well pleased with out first 
afternoon's work. 

Next day we arranged to devote entirely to the Metmenhasler 
See, distant by rail about an hour from Zurich. The special attrac- 
tion was Anax parthenope, a magnificent species which, as far as the 
Zurich district is concerned, has made its head-quarters at this little 
lake. In order to lose no opportunity of securing the species, we left 
Ziirich before 8 o'clock in the morning, joining Dr. Ris at Oberglatt. 

1905.] 3 

Descending at Niederliasli, a few minutes' walk brought us to our 
hunting ground. It was still too early to look for much, but after 
our first inspection of the lake, we were disconcerted by the appear- 
ance of the weather — thunder in the distance, and more than threaten- 
ings of rain made us think seriously of seeking shelter, and also of 
the possibility of our having to give up the chase. However, the 
storm passed off and we returned once more to the lake. Just where 
we left the road at a little stream, Calopteryx splendens was found, 
and in the same neighbourhood a few Orthetrum coerulescens were 
darting about. About the marshy margins of the stream Pyrrliosoma 
tenellum occurred in a very restricted area, in accordance with its 
usual habit in Switzerland where Dr. Eis says he has always found it 
to be very local. Like many of the small Swiss lakes the Metmen- 
hasler See is approached through a peaty marshy tract (more or less 
distinct from tlie lake proper), with ponds filled with water-lilies and 
Utricularia. These are the special haunts of Leucorrhinia, and one 
or two L. alhifrons were noted, including one which had just emerged. 
These ponds were also frequented by Eri/thromina najas which 
received special attention in the hope that perhaps E. viridulum, a 
species discovered here by Dr. Eis a good many years ago, might 
also appear ; we were now evidently too early for it. The commoner 
AgrionidcB were as before strongly represented. Among the larger 
species, yS/, isosceles again appeared, Anax imperator was more or less 
common, while Cordulia cenea, Gomphus pulchellus and a single 
$ Si/mpef rum fonscohmbii were a.ho observed. But Anax parthenope 
was so long in appearing that Dr. Eis began to doubt whether the 
seventeen years which had elapsed since he met with the insect, in all 
the glory of a dominant species, had not seen an important change in 
fauna of the lake involving the disappearance of its most distinguished 
member. It was well on to mid-day before its presence was estab- 
lished, and even then they were dashing about wildly and impossible 
of approach. At last a ^ was secured, and about the same time my 
wife caught a fine pair. They frequented almost exclusively the lake 
proper, and could be distinguished easily from the other Anax by the 
darker abdomon with bright blue base. Further attempts to capture 
more proved futile at the time, so we stopped operations and went on 
to the village. Eeturning to the lake in the afternoon we found their 
demeanour altered. A gentle breeze was blowing up the lake, and 
instead of flying madly about, they now faced the wind poising on 
rapidly vibrating wing — striking objects with their brilliant blue basal 
band distinctly visible in the bright sunshine. A favourite position 

^ [ January, 

was just on tbe landward side of tlie reed girdle ; after poising here 
for a short interval they would dart rapidly forward a short distance, 
this movement being repeated two or three times until they were just 
beyond the line of the reeds over the open surface of the water ; then 
a short flight would bring them back to the outward line, where by 
careful stalking they might sometimes be secured. During the after- 
noon flight four more were obtained. I could not make out any 
particular object in this flight ; they did not seem to be feeding. It 
was certainly a splendid manifestation of power. Pew of the 
examples taken were in perfect order, but in the chase of Ancrx 
parthenope we had enjoyed one of the most exciting forms of 
Entomological sport. 

On the afternoon of the 5th an excursion to the Trichttjuhauser- 
tobel on the Ziirichberg, proved, from the point of view of dragon-fly 
collecting, a failure, the sun having become obscured soon after we 
started. Cordulegaster bidentatus was the spec-ies we had in view ; it 
was discovered here by Dr. Eis and had been taken by him this year 
two or three weeks earlier. We were probably too late for it and the 
weather was unpropitious ; in any case we did not see it, and the 
dragon flies observed were all more or less common species. At a 
tiny clear pond a multitude of nymph-skins of JEschna cyanea were 
noticed with two imagos that had not yet taken flight. It is not 
surprisirg in view of the ^schnid population of the pond that Lsch- 
nura pumilio, which formei'ly occurred here, apjiears no longer to exist. 
Although we had little to show for the afternoon's work, this fine 
entomological locality, almost within the city of Ziirich, was well 
worthy of a visit. 

Little was done on the 6th, and in the afternoon we proceeded 
to Rheinau to spend a few days with Dr. Ris. Here field work was 
pleasantly alternated with the examination of Dr. His' beautiful 
collections of Neuroptem. 

The dragon-fly fauna of the Rhine, here a grand stream, is 
naturally not an extensive one. The most interesting species is 
Onychogomphus iincatm, an insect of southern distribution. It is 
common between Rheinau and Ellikon, and was just appearing when 
we were there. Along with it, but sparingly, Onycliogomphiis forci- 
patus occurred. Calopteryx virgo, C. splendens, Platycnemis peniiipes, 
and Enallagmu cyathiyerum are all found at or about the river. 
Dr. Kis has also found once a (^ of Gomphus simillimus, but he regards 
it in the light of a wanderer. 

{To be continued). 

1905.] 5 


BY J. H. WOOD, M.B. 

The Platypezidce are remarkably well represented in Hereford- 
shire, for with the one exception of AgatJiomyia collini, Verr , the 
other British species are all to be found in this out-of-the-way corner 
of the kingdom. Tt may be remembered that quite recently I intro- 
duced (Ent. Mo. Mag., vol. xiv, p. 271), Afjathomyia viduella as a 
British insect, and T may as well say that it has turned up again this 
year, though in very sparing numbers ; whilst Mr. Verrall tells me 
he has received a male from Scotland, taken by Col. Yerbury at 
Aviemore, on the 24th of last June. Now I am able to add two other 
species of the family to our Lists. 

QalUmyia elegantuJa, Fall. — At first Mr. Verrall was in much 
doubt about the correctness of his identification of this insect, but 
that doubt is now reduced, in his own words, to a " modicum." My 
two examples are both females, taken— the one at Coldborough Park, 
May 23rd, 1904, the other at The Black Mountains, June 24th, 1904. 
Coldborough Park is a large low-lying wood on the high road between 
Ledbury and Eoss, the precise spot where the insect was captured 
being a boggy and overgrown "soak." The other locality was a deep, 
rocky lane at the foot of the mountain, opposite Longtown ; a little 
stream runs down one side, keeping it cool and moist, and the banks 
are overgrown in places with a luxuriant vegetation. The two places 
being 20 miles apart in an east and west direction, the insect must be 
widely distributed, and will doubtless turn up elsewhere in the West 
and North. 

Remarkable for beauty as the females of Callimyia are, the palm 
must I think be given, because of the richness of its abdominal 
markings, to eleyantula. It is about the size of our other two species, 
and may be distinguished from either by the distinctly elongated 3rd 
joint of the antennae ; by the character of the thorax which, instead 
of being velvety-black with silvery patches, is dark grey, having the 
silvery patches represented by a much lighter grey, and marked down 
the middle by three dark lines which are fairly conspicuous anteriorly, 
but blend with the ground colour behind ; and by the possession of 
three silvery bands at equal intervals on the abdomen, the first, which 
is somewhat tinged with yellow, occupies the 1st and 2nd segments, 
the middle one the 4th, and the last the end segment, the middle band 
is divided by a narrow dorsal line, and indications of this line are 

Q [January, 

shown by a brown spot or two on the basal band. The halteres are 
orange, with a dusky tinge at the upper corner. The striated thorax 
(not noticed apparently by any author) is a most unusual feature 
either for a OnUi7ni/in or an Affnthomt/ia, though it is common enough 
among the females of Plntypeza. The presence of distinct spines on 
the subcostal vein and the character of the abdominal markings leave 
little doubt, in spite of the somewhat elongated antennae, and even in 
the absence of the male, that it is a true Gallimyia. 

Mr. Verrall observes : " Nobody seems to have taken it except 
Fallen, Zetterstedt, and his correspondents Holmgrem, Dahlbom, and 
Wahlberg, and perhaps Bonsdorff and his Finnish correspondents." 

Agathomyia horeeUa, Ztt. — Here Mr. Verrall had no hesitation 
over the name. I was able to submit for his inspection nearly a 
dozen examples, consisting of both sexes in about equal numbers, and 
all taken this year in a boggy wood on Shobdon Marsh, between the 
dates July 9th and August 18th. It is a small species, the size of 
A. antenna fa, and of the usual velvety -black colour on the thorax and 
abdomen ; the female, apart from the characters associated with sex, 
only differing from the male in having the legs not so dark, and the 
two first segments of the abdomen a dark orange. No spines are 
present on the subcostal vein, but the 3rd joint of the antennas is not 
elongated, being to my eye as short as in C. amcena or C. speciosa, and 
therefore much shorter than in C. elegnntula. The halteres are black, 
with their stalks somewhat pale in the female, and the legs blackish. 
The male is further characterized by the usual bristle on the middle 
tibia) being weak, by the presence of three bristles underneath the 
corresponding metatarsi, extending in a line from the base to about 
the middle, and by the marked enlargement of the hind legs which 
are as dilated as in Callimyia. Any one meeting with the insect 
should have no diflBculty in recognising it — the male, by the associa- 
tion of the Callimyia-\\ke antennae with a spineless subcostal vein, by 
the clumpy hind legs and the bristles underneath the middle meta- 
tarsi ; and the female by the same association of antennae and vein, 
and by the orange base of the abdomen. This orange portion varies 
somewhat in extent. There is always present a narrow black line 
between it and the thorax, which looks to me like a short and 
unrecognised segment, and this black line occasionally sends a broad 
prolongation on to the back of what is called the 1st segment. 

The short antennae, and strongly dilated hind legs in the male, 
might suggest that the insect should be referred to Gallimyia, but the 

1905. J 7 

spineless subcostal vein, the small size of the anal cell, and the bristles 
on the middle metatarsi of the male, as well as the general facies, 
combine to show that it is really an Aqathomijia. 

Shobdon Marsh lies in the valley of the Arrow, and close to 
Pembridge, one of the quaintest of Herefordshire villages, with its 
old timbered houses and raised footways. The marsh has been 
partially drained, but the wood is still very soft and boggy, especially 
at one end where several strong springs break out. It gave me this 
year some other very good things besides the Agathomyla, but it is a 
cruel place to collect in, from the swarms of Culex annidatus, or an 
allied species that frequent it, and unless I had, before entering, 
anointed face, hands, and even legs with eucalyptus oil, into which 
some carbolic acid had been dropped, I doubt I could have faced the 
two or three hours I usually spent there. Among these good things I 
may mention Actio, frontalis, and another interesting Tachinid or two, 
a female Pipunculiis belonging to the zo7intus group, and remarkable 
for having three or four long bristles at the bend of the hind tibiae. 
Mr. Verrall suggests it may possibly be Becker's arimosus, the female 
of which is unknown; Mydcda lonqitarsis (one (J), and Homalomyia 
difficilis (two S S)^ Acidia Jychnidis, and last, but not least, Pallop- 
tera Icetahilis (three ($ S)- I tried in vain for Aciura rotundiventris, 
of which Col. Terbury swept one here in 1902, but I have good hopes 
that on the occasion of my last visit T discovered the clue to its food- 
plant, so one day I may succeed in breeding it. 

Tarrington : October, 1904. 


Dr. J. H. Wood's captures in Platypezidie are very interesting and very 
instructive. I still have great doubts about the name of the one he introduces as 
C. eleyantula, because Fallen in his original description says, " Abdominis 
segmenta 1 et 2 lutea, pellucida, 3 et 4 atra (inimaculata) ; anus albicans," but 
afterwards accepted Zetterstedt's description, which in 1844 was developed into 
"abdominis segmentis 2 : do toto 3 : tioque lateribus, fulvopellucidis, ano toto 
argenteo ; " Meigen's description of a specimen from Sweden says, " Hinterleib : 
erster Ring schwarz ; zweiter und dritter lebhaft rothgelb, durchscheinend ; die 
beiden folgenden schwarz und der After aschgrau," and none of the authors call 
tlie thorax striped. The differences require more material to work upon before 
they can be removed, but it may be said with fair confidence that Dr. Wood's speci- 
mens do not belong to any other described Callimyia. The somewhat elongated 
conical third joint of the antennae compels a slight modification of that gencrie 
character oijiCallimyia. 

Q [January, 

Neither C. elegantula, Fallen, nor A. horeella, Zett., have ever previously been 
recorded out of Scandinavia, and I believe no record of tlieir capture have been 
given since 1865. Surely Dr. Wood will now catch C. Dahlbomi , Zett., which has 
a fulvous scutellum, and let us clear up its generic position. I may mention that I 
possess indications of two more British species of CalUmyia, but not with sufficient 
certainty for their introduction at present. 

Dr. Wood iias omitted to mention that Homalomyia diffrdlLi, Stein, and 
Palloptera Iwtahifis, Loew, are both additions to the British lists, and if Actia 
frontalis is intended for Thri/piocera frontalis, Macquart — I believe that to bo also 
an addition. 


Mr. Saunders has invited me to write a note upon a community 
of Vespa vnJg-aris, lately taken by myself, numbering 4957 — 5207 
individuals. The former figure represents the number of v^'asps 
already emerged from the cells, found in the nest when it was dug 
out, and afterwards carefully counted. The latter takes into account 
an additional 250, at which I estimate those which were not recovered 
for counting. 

It will be observed that either figure is considerably in excess of 
F. Smith's estimate of 2590 — 2690 for a large community, while it in 
no way approaches to Eeaumur's 30,000 for the same. 

It seems difficult to account for the great difference in these 
numbers. Would it not be interesting to know the experience of 
others respecting the comparative numerical strength of communities 
of the social wasps ? 

With the little experience that I have I hesitate to express an 
opinion on the subject, but I am inclined to think that P. Smith's 
estimate will hold good in any ordinary English summer of normal 
conditions of weather, and that only unusually favourable conditions 
of temperature, &c., would produce any appreciably larger number in 
a community. 

The community in question I destroyed on the night of Septem- 
ber 20th, in the faint hope of finding the beetle parasite, Mefoeciis 
paradoxus, of which my brother, Mr. L. E. Crawshay, had beaten one 
specimen from a birch bush in the neighbourhood in the autumn of 
1902. It was the strongest of six communities which have come under 
my observation this autumn. On digging out the nest on the follow- 
ing morning, the walls, as they flaked away, disclosed such a mass of 
wasps falling away with them, that I resolved to keep and count them. 

1905.] 9 

Accordingly I removed in a sack that part of the earth thrown up 
which contained most of <he wasps, but at least 200 more must have 
been left behind in the remainder of the earth, which was too bulky 
conveniently to remove. To these I add about 50, which had as- 
sembled round the nest in the morning, and which were not in it 
when it was destroyed, making a total of 5207. 

This would apj)ear to be an unusually large community. How 
can its numbers be accounted for ? 

I suppose we may conclude that the past summer has been more 
than ordinarily calculated to hasten the development of both larvae 
and pupae of the successive broods occupying the cells. It would 
appear from the number of cells occupied by healthy larvse and pupae 
at the time of taking the nest, that, assuming a continuation of 
sufficiently warm weather, the community would soon largely have 
increased its number, for workers were still in process of emerging, 
together with small males and a large number of females. 1 counted 
one layer of females' cells, sealed and filled throughout with larvse and 
pupae, with the exception of some twelve empty cells, numbering over 
1100. Another larger layer of smaller cells containing males and 
workers mixed, many in process of emerging, T should estimate at 
1500. The caps of these cells I removed in search of imagines of 
Metoecus. By October 6th I had counted the whole contents of the 
nest, which were as follows : — 

(1). Wasps found dead in the nest — 

Males 1107 

Females f'Sl 

Workers 3299 

(2). Enclosed in sealed cells (imagines, pupsB, and larvije) — 

Males and workei's mixed 2280 

Females 2594 

(3). In open cells, larvae in all stages 1201 

(4). Eggs, in cells of males ; females and workers 314 

(5). Metcecus paradoxus (imagines, pupae and one larva) 24 

Total occupants counted = 11370 

Adding to this the following estimated numbers — 

(1). Dead wasps not gathered up 250 

(2). Emerged from cells, and flown before the counting of pupse 

and larvse was completed 150 

(3). Pupae and larvae lost 300 

Total occupants ofllimated = 12070 

10 [January, 

l^ho nest was situated on the border of a large wood three 
quarters of a mile from a village, the cavity in the earth containing 
it was clean and healthy, there being no damp putrid deposit at the 
bottom. The cells did not appear to be more numerous than those of 
other completed nests, one of which, close by, I counted, numbering 
7000 cells. 

It would be interesting to know to what extent the cells served 
for a second brood, whether the cells of males and females, as well as 
those of the workers, were re-occupied. The fact that eggs and small 
larvae were present in an upper layer of females' cells, from which 
apparently the early females had emerged, while the two lower layers 
were completely occupied by imagines, pupae and spun larvae, would 
seem to point to the coDclusion that the queen is capable of using 
not only the cells vacated by workers, but any available ones for a 
second brood, whether there is a sufficiently high, temperature to hatch 
out these late ones or not. 

Leigh ton Buzzard : 

December, 1904. 




At the suggestion of Mr. C. G. Barrett I send a few particulars 
of a moth trap which I have been working with some success sine© 
June, 1901. The trap, which we have named the " Mandair," Is 
similar in construction to the American moth trap mentioned by Dr. 
Knaggs in his " Lepidopterist's Guide," but with several alterations 
in the angles of the glasses, &c. In the plan and alteration I have 
been greatly assisted by Sir F. Adair, F.E.S. 

The special points of the "Mandair" are— Insects, when they 
have once entered the trap, do not escape ; and as no stupefying 
drawer is used, all specimens that are not wanted can be released un- 
injured. The trap is fitted into a grooved stand about twelve feet 
high, and is raised by means of pulleys to the required height. Most 
of the " Micros," as well as many " Macros," mentioned in the list 
below were taken about six feet from the ground, but for Notodontidm 
I think the trap should be raised as high as possible. 

It stands facing about north-west, with a background of foliaf^e, 



and overlooking a small garden, which has been planted with various 
flowers for the special purpose ot" attracting moths. Beyond is a 
stretch of marsh land, and the river Waveney dividing the counties of 
Norfolk and Suffolk is close by. Doubtless the situation is very 
favourable to insect life, for in the summer months there are often 
eighty to one hundred specimens in the trap, and sometimes many 
more. The list which I append (omitting the very common species) 
is somewhat lengthy, but in order to gauge the possibilities of the 
trap, I have kept as far as possible a register of all the species taken, 
with the exception of the Tineina, which I did not begin to collect 
until last year. 

List of Macro-Lepidopfern taken in Trap since June, 1901. 

Hepialus sylvinus. 
Nola cucullatella. 
Nudaria senex. 

Calliginia miniata. 
LiLhosia complanula. 


V. stramineola. 
Lasiocampa quercus. 
Odonestis potatoria. 
Gastropacha quercifolia. 
Drepana falcataria. 
Cilix spinula. 
Cerura furcula. 
Lophopteryx camelina. 
Pterostoma palpina. 
Acronycta tridens. 
Agrotis puta. 



Axylia putris. 
Ti'iphaena janthina. 
Noctua augur. 



f estiva. 





Charseas graminis. 
Heliophobus popularis. 

Neui'ia saponariae. 
Aplecta adveiia. 
ITadena thalassina. 
Hecatera serena. 
Diaiitlioecia carpophaga. 
Cleoceris viiuinalis. 
Polia flavocincl.a. 
Miselia oxyacanthae. 
Cerigo cytliorea. 
Xylophasia lithaxylea. 
Apainea basilinca. 
Miana strigilis. 

Hydrascia iiictitaiis. 
Gortyna flavago. 
Tapinostola fulva. 
Calamia phragmitidis. 
Leucaiiia coinma. 
TfEiiiocampa gothica. 
Rusina tenebrosa. 

Nfciiia typica. 
Amphipyra tragopogonis. 
Ilydrilla arcuosa. 
Caradrina morpheus. 
Grammesia ti'ilinea. 
Dyschorista ypsilon. 
Calymnia trapezina. 
Tethea retusa. 
Orthosia pistacina. 
Cerastis vaccinii. 

Xylocampa lithoriza. 
Cucullia urabratica. 
Phisia chrysitis. 

Habroslola urticfB. 
Gonopterya libatrix. 
Herininia larsipennalis. 

Hypeiia proboscidalis. 
Rivula sericealis. 
Ourapteryx sambiicata. 
Cabera exanthemaria. 

Halia vauaria. 
Strenia clathrata. 



Odontoptera bidentata. 
Ennomos alniaria. 

Crocallis elinguaria. 
Selenia bilunaria. 

V. juliaria. 

Pericallia syriiigaria. 
Epione aniciaria. 
Metrocampa margaritata. 
Cleora liclienaria. 
Boarmia repandata. 

Ligdia adustata. 
Geometra papilionaria. 
lodis Ternaria. 
Hemithea strigata. 
Eplijra oniicroiiaria. 

Acidalia bisetata. 



Acidalia iucanaria. 
Titnadra emutaria. 
Bradjepetes atnataria. 
Ania emarginata. 
Melanippe rivata. 

Melanthia rubiginata. 
Anticlea rubidata. 
Coreiiiia ferrugata. 

Astheiia luteata. 
Ernmelesia alcheniillata. 
Cidaria miata. 


Cidaria dotata. 
Pelurga comitala. 
Phibalapteryx fluviata. 
Ilypsi petes elutata. 
Oporabia dilutata- 
Eubolia corvinata. 
Elupithecia linai'iata. 












List of Micro. Lepidoptera, June, 1901, to end of August, 1903. 

Cledoobia angustalis. 
Aglossa pinguinalis. 
Pyralis glaucinalis. 
Pyrausta purpuralis. 
Herbula cespitalis. 
Cataclysta lemnalis. 
Parapoiiyx stratiotalis. 
Hydrocampa nympha?alis. 
Ebulea croeealis. 
Scopula lutealis. 

Stenopteryx hybridalis. 
Eudorea ambigualis. 







Crambus falsollus. 








Chilo pliragmitellus. 
Schoenobius forficellus. 

MyelopliiJa cribrella. 
Ilornceosoma nimbella. 
Ephestia elutella. 

Rhodophsea formosa. 

Rhodophoea marniorea. 

Aphomia sociella. 
Tovtrix pyrastrana. 
adjunct ana. 
Dichelia grotiana. 

Peronea ferrugana. 
Teras contammana. 
Dictyopteryx loeflinginna. 
Penthina pruniana. 
Spilonota lariciana. 



Aspis udruaiiniana. 
Orthotaenia aiitiquaiia. 

Cnephasia subjectana. 




Capua favillaceana. 
Phoxopterjx lundana. 
Grapliolita trimaculana. 

Puedisca corticaiia. 

Catoi)tria cana. 

Catoptria scopoliana. 


Eupoecilia atricapitaiia. 


XanLhosetia zoegana. 

The followiiif^ List of Tineinn is only for 1903 ; previously I had not 

collected them. 

Scardia cloacella. 

Tinea seinifulvella. 

Neruopliora schwarziella 

Swammerdamia csesiella. 



Anesjchia deceuiguttella. 

Ortliotaenia sparganella. 
Enicostoina lobelia. 
Phibalocera quercana. 
Depressaria liturella. 

Gelechia lutulentella. 



Argyresthia goedartella. 

Coleophora fabriciella. 
Laverna ochraceella. 
Elachista tisniatella. 
Platyptilius trigonodaetylus. 
Leioptilus niicrodactylus. 

The list of Macro-Lepidoptera is compiled from the species taken 
in the tnip from the time it was started, June, 1901, to the present 
date, September, 1904. The list of Micros (Tineina excepted) is for 
two years only, as the insects taken since last autumn have not yet 
been worked out. If the " Rlandair" trap could be worked in various 
suitable localities I think collectors would find it useful. It must be 
borne in mind that my trap has always occupied the same position in 
our garden, and has been the means of collecting in rather more than 
three years quite one-third of the Macros recorded for >;orfolk 
and Suffolk. 

Ditcliingham, Bungay : 

September, 1904. 


As in the recent Monographs on the Lihytheidoe the systematic 
])osition of the single species of Libytliea at present known to occur 
in Australia has not been recognised, I have thought it well to bring 
together all the available references of this rare species. 

14 [January, 

In Trans. Ent. Soc. N. S. Wales, 1860, vol. i, p. Gl, Sir William 
Macleaj, referritiif to an exhibit of Lcpidoptera from Cape York, drew 
attention to a specimen of Lihytlica as Z. myrrha. 

In a Catalogue of the described diurnal Lepidoptern of Australia, 
1S73, p. 18, Mr. Masters rect)rds i. mi/rrhn from Ca|)e York. 

In "Australian Butterflies," 1889, the late Mr. Oliiff gave a 
woodcut of a female under the name of L. myrrha. 

In a 8ynonymical Catalogue of the Rhopalocera of Australia, 
1891, p. 47, Mr. Miskin records L. myrrha from Ca|)e York, Malayana, 
Burmah, India, and Ceylon. 

In Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, 1891 p. 28, the late Mr. Oliiff 
described our species as h. nicevillei^ from Cape York and Port 
Moresby, New Guinea. The late Mr. de Niceville had pointed out in 
a letter to Mr. Oliiff that the figure given by him in " Australian 
Butterflies " was quite distinct from L. myrrha from India. 

Fruhstorfor, Berlin Ent. Zeit., 1898, p. 170, in a list gives our 
species as L. yeoffroi/i (?) niceviUei. 

In Vict. Nat., 1899, xvi, pp. 72-1, Mr. J. A. Kershaw considers 
our species synonymous with L. geoffroyi, recording it under that 
name from Herberton and New Guinea. He gives a 'description of a 
male from Australia. 

In " Das Tierreich " and tiie " Genera Inseetorum " {Lihytheidos) 
Dr. Pagenstecher records our species as L myrrlia nicevillei. 

In my "Catalogue of the Bhopalocera of Australia," 1903, p. 18, 
I record the species as L. nicevillei, Oil. 

Having lately examined the type (?) in the Australian Museum, 
Sydney, and compared it with Semper's figure (?) of L. antipoda 
{= L. gpoffroyi philippina), I have no doubt that it belongs to the L. 
(jeoffroyi group, especially as I have seen a male, which is violet-blue 
above, as is usual with the males of L. qeoffroyi. 

Our species will therefore be known as Lihythea qeofroiji nice- 
villei, Oliiff, and its range will be Cape York (in Aust, Museum), 
Herberton (Kershaw), and it is also taken at Cooktown. 

Killara, Sydney, N.S.W. : 

October 18th, 1904. 

[I have taken this Lihythea on Condillac and Cassini Islands, North- 
West Australia, in May, 1891.— J. J, W.]. 

1905.] 15 

RUSTIC US, Dej.). 


VVlieii Colonel Yerbury was looking' for Callicera yerhuryi he 
fountl a large beetle which is now in the collection at the British 
Mnseum. On examining this insect to-day we find it to be a fine 
female individual of Onocepknlus rusticus, Dej. 

As we are engaged on a paper as to the species of Criocephalus, 
it is not necessary at present to do more than record the discovery. 

Colonel Yerbury may well be congratulated on finding at the 
same time two such interesting additions to the British Fauua. 

Brockenliurst : 

November 22th, 1904. 



Mr. H. J. Thouless, of Norwich, has receiitly sent me for 
determination three males and seven females of a Malacliius captured 
by him on the sand hills at Hunstanton, Norfolk, on June 21st, IS99, 
in <'onvolvuhts-?Lov{GY^. They are very like ilf. ^5/r^W^s at first sight, 
and might easily be mistaken for the immaculate form of that species, 
but are really referable to M. harnevUlei, Puton, the Norfolk speci- 
mens agreeing precisely with the full descriptions of that insect given 
by Mulsant (Vesiculiferes, pp. 72-76) and Peyron (Monographie des 
Molachiides, pp. 55, 50). M. barnevillei forms the type of Mulsaut's 
subgenus Hi/popfilus, distinguished by the narrow transverse excava- 
tion at the apex of the elytra in the ^, and the strongly developed 
membrane of the tarsal claw^s in both sexes. M. viridis, M. hipustu- 
hitus, and M. ceneiis belongs to Malacliius, sensu stricto, in which the 
elytra are unimpressed at the apex in both (^ and ? ; and our other 
British species, M. marginellus, to the subgenus Clanoptilus, Muls., 
which has the elytra bispinose and broadly and deeply excavate at the 
apex in the ^ . The ? of M. barnevillei, it is true, closely resembles 
the same sex of M. viridis, but it is easily distinguished by the flavous 
or testaceous colour of the anterior and intermediate tarsi, and of the 
front of the head, &c., in this respect being very similar to M. margi- 

^g [January, 

nellus. On the Continent M barnevillei inhabits the Basses and 
Hautes Alps, the Pyrenees, &c., and its occurrence on the Norfolii 
coast was scarcely to be expected. (Edmiera virescens, however, 
recorded last year from Central Norfolk, is a somewhat parallel case. 
A description of the Malachius is appended below. 

Malachids barnevillei, Puton. 

Metallifi-green, the mouth parts (the apical joint of the maxiilarj palpi 
excepted), the anterior portion of tlie head, the basal joints of the antenna? later- 
ailj and beneatii, the anterior tarsi, the anterior tibiae on the inner side towards the 
apex, a small spot at the apex of the anterior femora (and sometimes another on 
that of the intermediate pair), the intermediate tarsi in part, and the apical margin 
of each ventral segment, testaceous or flavous ; the upper surface very finely pubes- 
cent and also thickly clothed with long, erect, blackish hairs. Tarsal claws very 
little longer than the membrane. 

(J. Antennae with joint 1 nuich lliickened, and 2 — 9 more or less serrate, the 
latter flavous at the inner apical angle. Each elytron with a narrow transverse 
impression at the apex. 

9. Antennae shorter and darker, the basal joint not dilated and the others 
very feebly serrate. 

Horsell, Woking : 

December 6ih, 1901. 


While sweeping a grassy hill side near Streatley, Berks, at the 
end of last July, I captured a small cockchafer flying id the bright 
sunshine, and from this circumstance suspected it to be Bhizotrogus 
ochraceus, Knoch. On August 1st I again visited the spot, and found 
the beetle fairly plentiful. They were flying swiftly, never more than 
two feet above the highest grass, and occasionally circling round as if 
about to settle, which, however, 1 never saw one do. They took no 
notice of small scattered juniper and hawthorn bushes, which they 
passed (as B. solsfitialis, L., would have done), nor were any flying 
round some beech trees about thirty yards away. They proved very 
hard to capture, as they were so difficult to see against the grass when 
one got close to them. 1 found the best plan was to stand at the 
bottom of the hill, where a beetle could be easily seen flying against 

190B.] iij 

the light coloured tops of the high grass, but the objectiou to this 
was that it iiieaut a dash up the slope for twenty or thirty yards, often 
only to lose sight of the insect when one got up to it. Considering 
it was something like S7° in the shade on the day in question this was 
most exhausting work. Eventually nine specimens were captured, 
but quite as many as this must have escaped after being sighted. On 
passing the hill side in the afternoon 1 did not see a single example, 
and the next afternoon I only saw two, so that probably the species is 
practically a morning flier. 

On examining these specimens carefully I found they differed in 
several respects from R. sohtitialis, and answered to Canon Fowler's 
somewhat meagre description of i?. ochraceiis. However, I had great 
difficulty in confirming this identification until Messrs. Donisthorpe 
? 'd Chitty most kindly helped me, and I have now compared my 
insects with several foreign examples of R. ochraceus and one of Dr. 
Sharp's from Cornwall. All those captured by me have proved on 
dissection to be males. On the continent R. ochraceus is regarded as 
a variety of R. solsti/inlis, but I think the above description of its 
habits abundantly proves that this is not the case, even if the struc- 
tural differences between the two forms were much less marked It 
is true that several of the continental Rhizotror/i, like various species 
of Oeotrupes, sometimes fly by day, as well as at dusk ; but R. solsti- 
tialis is such a very common insect that this habit could hardly have 
been overlooked, it being almost always found flying, generally high 
up, round trees. 

Structurally, R. ochraceus seems to be very constant, differing 
from R. sohtitialis in the following particulars : — it is on an average 
distinctly smaller and less hairy, and has more slender legs ; the 
elytra have no or a very few extremely short hairs on the disc, and 
are bordered with rather short stiff dark bristles, whereas in R. solsti- 
tialis they arc clothed with scanty, long, light coloured pubescence, 
and are bordered with hairs of the same nature ; the pygidium is 
finely punctured, but somewhat rough, instead of being strongly 
granulose, and is covered with much shorter pubescence than in R. 
sohtitialis ; the ^ has the club of the antennae only half the length 
of that of the same sex of R. sohtitialis. It seems quite possible that 
we have a third species of the genus in Britain, as specimens in one or 
two collections standing under the name R. ochraceus do not appear 
to be correctly identified. 

Bradfield : December Uh, 1904. 

]_g [January, 

[The Welsh insect hitherto doing duty for B. ochraceus in British 
collections, so far as I can judge from a specimen ((J) given me by 
the late S. Stevens, agrees with those found by Dr. Joy in the form 
of the antenual club ; but it differs from them in having the pro- 
thorax and elytra more hairy, and more densely punctured, and the 
pygidium granulate, as in H. solstitialis. So far as my experience 
goes, it is the males only of the various day-flying Rhizotroiji that are 
to be found on the wing in the hot sun, aud these disappear soon 
after mid-day. Last summer, while in the Cantabrian Mountains, 1 
met with two such species, both in profusion, and captured a large 
number of specimens of each of them, all apparently males. — G. C. C] 

Note on the larva of Caenonympha pamphilus. — I have a few of these larvae 
feeding on a plant of Festuca ovina in a flower pot. One supposes they ought in 
feeding to go to the end of a leaf, and, beginning at the tip, to eat it down towards 
the base, and some may be seen to do so. More frequently, however, they begin to 
eat a leaf in the middle, letting a large terminal portion fall and be wasted. But 
some of them are less thoughtful even than these, and remind one of the humorous 
print in which a practical joker in cutting off the inn signboard sits on the end of it 
■while he does so. These larvse in beginning to eat in the middle of the leaf, rest 
on the terminal portion, and when they have eaten it through, fall with it on to the 
table, with of course disastrous result, unless I happen to come to the rescue. I 
ought to say that the larvae are about or more than half grown. Is this procedure 
of the larvse abnormal, owing to being in captivity, or is it quite usual with a 
species feeding on common grasses ? Pamphilus can live on so many grasses that 
at large it would practically never suffer any injury by such a habit, as it always 
occurs where grass is plentiful. I have never seen such a habit in any species that 
lives on shrubs and trees, or indeed in any other species, and should doubt its being 
harmless to many Satyrids that live on grasses that grow in widely separated tufts. 
The great care to avoid such an accident taken by Saturniad and other large tree- 
feeding larvee, reminds one of the caution an elephant is said to take as to his 
footing. Pamphilus is a sluggish larva, and has not the resources of many active 
larvse that drop to the ground when disturbed. Its safety lies in its being prac- 
tically impossible for it to get away from its food plant. — T. A. Chapman, Betula, 
Reigate : November 19^/t, 1904. 

Coleoptera at Rannoch. — During the present year I have had the opportunity 
of spending a couple of week ends at Rannoch, and a (evi notes on the better 
captures may be of interest. 

My first visit was from June 4th to June 6th ; the weather was very bright 
and sunny, but with strong cool winds. The best capture was one specimen of 
Staphylinus fulvipes, Scop., captured running on a road which traverses the centre 
of the Black Wood. In the well known Dall wood yard the following occurred : — 

1905.] 19 

Rhagium indagator, F., very conimon ; Asemum striatum, L., scarce ; and Clerus 
formicarius, L., a number of examples. Out of fir stumps I dug specimens of 
lihyncolus ater, L., Melanotus casfanipe.i, Pk., Rhizophagus ferruginens, Pk., 
and F.purxa pusilla, 111., and from under the bark, Trypodeiidron lineatum, 01. 
Corgmbites cupreus, v. seruginosus, F., was exceedingly common flying in the sunshine, 
but I d'd not see a single specimen of the typical form. A single example of 
Triplax russica, L., was taken off a post on a fir fence, and lastly Polydrusus imdatus, 
F., was beaten in great numbers off birch, and was the only beetle that I found 
by beating and sweeping the young birch trees. 

My second visit was in July, from the 16th to the 19th. The weather was very 
hot, and during the first two days free from any wind. On Monday, July 18th, one 
of the most beautiful days of the summer in that part of the country, I captured 
Trichius fasciatus, L., in some numbers off white roses in the garden of Cross Craig 
House, by the lake side, and in a cottage garden by the road, and also, again off 
roses, in the garden of Dall House. I have been told by the local people that 
this beetle occurs generally in the gardens on the Sweet William, but I could 
not find a single ezample on this flower, though there was abundance of it in bloom 
in the garden of Dall House ; all the specimens occurred on the roses. It is certainly 
one of the most beautiful beetles in life which occur in Great Britain ; dead ex- 
amples give no real idea of its beauty. In the hot sunshine it flies and is as active 
as a humble-bee. I caught all my specimens by knocking them off the blooms 
into the net, and it required a very rapid hand to then secure them before they 
flew out. When held in the closed hand the beetle makes a noise exactly like the 
humming of an irritated bee, and I was once almost induced to open my hand in 
the fear that it was a bee I had caught and not a beetle. On the following day, 
when there was again very bright sunshine but a cool wind, they were much less 
abundant, but were still as active and as rapid in flight. Other species taken during 
this visit include Donacia sericea, L., and D. discolor, Pz., both swept off Potamo- 
geton occurring in a pool near the lake side ; Athous niger, L., found running on 
the dusty road ; TropipJiorns elevatus, Hbst., swept off flowers by the lake side ; 
and, lastly, Pitgogenes bidentatus, Hbst., also swept, but in this case off bracken. — 
T. Hudson Beare, 10, Regent Terrace, Edinburgh : December Ith, 1904. 

Coleopfera taken in the Flannan Itlands by Mr. W. Eagle Clarice. — During 
the month of September of this year Mr. Eagle Clarke was living on these remote 
islands for the purpose of studying the migration of birds. He collected, whenever 
possible, specimens of insects, and I have had the pleasure of going through the 
Coleoptera and naming them. The Flannans are a group of small, uninhabited 
islands lying out in the Atlantic, situated about 20 to 23 miles west of the Island 
of Lewis, and are probably one of the wildest spots in the British Isles. The speci- 
mens were all taken on the largest of the group, on which a lighthouse is situated ; 
this particular island is an elevated plateau, about 16 acres in extent, and is sur- 
rounded by steep rugged cliffs. The following is a list of the beetles taken :— 
Carabus catenulatus, Scop, (five specimens) ; Pterostichus niger, Schal. (seven 
specimens) ; Nehria hrevicolli.i, F. (twenty specimens) ; Calalhus melanocephalus, 

B 2 

20 'January, 

L. (six specimens) ; C. cinteloides, Pz. (six specimens) ; NotiopMlun higuttatiis, F. 
(one specimen) ; Trechua obfuxux, Er. (two specimens) ; Oci/ptis ater, Gr. (one 
specimen) ; PhUonthuK rarius, Gryll. (one specimen) ; Aphodiiis rujipes, L. (one 
specimen) ; Cholera grandicollis, Er. (three specimens).— Id. 

Phytobius muricatu.i, Ch. Bris., in Cumberland. — I am glad to be able to give 
this species a place in our county list of Coleoptera, specimens having been taken 
by Mr. Britten and myself in August last near Penrith from damp moss growing 
on the ground in a boggy place. It is a very sluggish insect, and takes many 
minutes to get on the move, failing which it is almost impossible to detect it on the 
sheet among the loose earth, &c., shaken out of the moss. One or two P. comari, 
Herbst, occurred at the same time, with Pselaphu.t dresdenxix, TTerbst, Philonthus 
corvinux, Er., &c. P. muricatus was introduced as British in 1899, ride Ent. Mo. 
Mag., rol. XXXV, p. 143.— P. H. Day, Carlisle : December \2th, 1904. 

Atemeles emarginatux, Pk., and Claviger testaceus, Preyxs., in N. Wales. — 
Records of ants' nest beetles are scarce in the north, so T think it worth while to 
notice localities for these two species. Claviger iestaceux, Preyss., occurred to Mr. 
Newstead rather commonly near Colwyn Bay in April, 1886, and I took three speci- 
mens last August at Glyndyfrdwy, in each instance in nests of Formica flava. Of 
Atemeles emarginattis, Pk., Mr. Newstead took two examples in May, 1890, at the 
Loggerheads, near Mold, and Mr. Button and I took a good series last August at 
Glyndyfrdwy : both these records are from nests of Fonnica fuxca ; and Mr' 
Jackson informs me that he has taken it sparingly at Llanbedr, Merionethshire. — 
J. R. LE B. ToMLiN, Chester : December, 1901. 

Coleoptera at Tri>7g.—Th\s year, whilst at Tring, in the early part of October, 
I again tried the spot where one example of Apion anmilijjes, Wenck., was taken 
previously, and succeeded in securing eighteen in all ; of these I was surprised to 
find that eight were males. Most of the specimens were knocked off some sickly- 
looking plants of Origanum, vulgare, growing close to a wood, and three were found 
running over the leaves of Thymus serpyllum. The testaceous coloration of the 
tibiae in the males, although fairly well marked in the anterior pair, seems far from 
distinct in the anterior and posterior ones in my specimens, and in fact is practically 
absent in one or two of them. Longitarsus tabidus, Fabr., was found on its usual 
food-plant, Verbaxcum thapsus, and was accompanied by a few L. distinguendus. 
Rye, L. gracilis, Kutsch., and L. melanocephalus. Komalota clavigera, Scriba, 
once more turned up in dead leaves, after an interval of six years ; other species 
found with it were Badister sodalix, Duft., Romalota validiuscula, Kr., and 
IT. intermedia. Thorns., Mycetoporus clavicornis, Steph., Quedius lateralis, Grav., 
Oxytelus fairmairei, Pand., Neuraphex elongatulux, Miill, &c.— E. Geo. Elliman, 
Chesham : November l^th, 1904. 

Orchestes sparsus, Fahr., in the New Forest.— On August 28th, this year, I took 
a specimen of the very rare Orchestes .tparsus at Brockenhurst, by beating oak. It 
rested in our lists heretofore on the strength of a single example taken by 
Dr. Power at Surbiton in 1866. Dr. Sharp introduced it as British on this speci- 

1905.] 21 

men, which was confirmed as O. .tparsus by H. Brisout. The New Forest insect 
agrees with tlie one in the Power collection, and as Mr. Newbery has stated (Ent. 
Mo. Mag., vol. xl, p. 134) that the latter was only a small form of O. ilicis, F., 
Messrs. C. O. and E. A. Waterhouse and I hare carefully examined it, and we came 
to the conclusion that this was not the case. Furthermore, I obtained a specimen 
of O. sparsus from the Continent which agrees with the two examples in question. 
They differ from O. ilicis in their much smaller size, narrower and less ovate shape, 
less developed posterior femora, &e. The insect is less pubescent and much less 
variegated, and thus it looks blacker, and there is a trace of a band on the elytra. 
There is a row of short very inconspicuous teeth on the posterior femora in 
0. sparsus, whereas there is one larger one in the middle of the others in O. ilicis, 
but in this the latter appears to vary. — Horace Donistuorpe;, 58, Kensington 
Mansions, S.W. : December, 1904. 

Meligethes obsciirns, Er., in the Isle of Man, loilh notes on the flotoers which it 
frequents. — I met with tliis species in some numbers on June 28th, 1903, in a lane 
on the slopes of the Carnanes just above Scolaby, about 500 feet above sea level, 
occurring in the following flowers : — Jasione montana, Potentilla reptans, and 
Hypochnris radicnta. At Perwick Bay, on October 2nd, 1903, I met with a few 
specimens in flowers of Taraxacum dens-leonis. During the present year the 
species has been abundant, occurring cliiefly in flowers of Jasione montana growing 
by the sides of lanes and roads on the Carnanes, between 300 and 500 feet above 
sea level, on various dates between tlie Kith and ■i3rd of July. It was also 
abundant at Perwick Bay by general sweeping at the base of the cliffs from June 
9th to July 7th. A few specimens occurred on Bradda Hill, July 10th, 1904, at a 
height of 300 feet, in flowers of Hypochaeris radicata, and four were captured 
in this flower at Spaldrick Bay, October 6th, 1904. Jasione montana is apparently 
the flower in this locality to wl-.ich Meligethes obscurus, Er., is specially attached, 
but although the plant is common and widely distributed the beetle only occurs in 
certain localities, but when present it is often abundant, as many as five or six 
specimens being taken in one flower head. 

The males (ilfe/i^e/Aes /la^ma^w, Er.), easily distinguished by the enormously 
dilated anterior tarsi, are less common than the females in the proportion of about, 
one to three. — J. Harold Bailey, Port Krin, Tsle of Man : December 'Srd, 1904. 

Aculeate irymenoptera at Lytne Regis. — I again visited Lyme Regis this year 
during the month of July, and secured the following additions to my list in the 
Ent. Mo. Mag. (1904, p. 13) -.—Formica riifa, Linn., Tetramorium cxspitum, Linn , 
Leptothorax tiiherum. Fab., race unifasciata, Latr., Saliiis exaltatus, Fab., Calivur- 
gus hyaliiiaius. Fab., Diodontux minutus, Fab., Passalcecus gracilis, Curt., Nyson 
trimaculatus, Eossi, dimidiatus, Jur., Didineis lunicornis. Fab., Crabro palmipes, 
Linn., varius, Lep , Odynerus spinipes, Jjinu., pictus. Curt., Prosopis dilatata, Kirb., 
communis, Kirb., cow/asa, Nyl., Sphecodes gibbus, Linn., subquadratus, Sm., Halictvs 
rubicundus, Chr., leucozonius, ISchr., cyUndricus, Fab., Andrena rosas, Panz., ni- 
groienea, K\rh., fuse ipes, Kirb., denticulata, Kirh., hattorfiana, Fah., chrysosceles, 
Kirb., analis, Panz., lucens, tmh., albicrus, Kirb., nana, Kirb., Cilissa leporina, 
Panz., Nomada alternata, Kirb., ochrostoma Kirb., fabriciana, hmn.,ft<rva, Panz., 

22 r.Tanuary, 

Calioxyx elonfjata, Lep., acuminata, Nyl., Megachile circumcincta, Lep., Ouniia 
cwrulescens, Linn., Jeucomelatia, Kirb., Sle/ii 8-maculala, Sni., Podalirius furcatun, 
Panz., Psithyrus ruptstrln. Fab., campestris, Paiiz. (black vars. ), quadricolor, Lep., 
Bombus agroriim, Fab., latreillellus, Kirb., var. distinguendux, Mov.,jonellus,'K\rh., 
si/harum, Linn. I tliink the lateness of the season accounted for some that were 
not observed last year. Andreiia Ivcen.i and Didlnei.s limicornis apyioared on almost 
the last day of my visit, so I was unable to obtain any new details as regards their 
habits. The former was always taken on Daucus carota, the latter creeping among 
the roots of grass. T may also mention that Nyxson trimaculatus occurred where 
the wild strawberry was growing in abundance. — Edw. B. Nevinson, 5, Bentinck 
'1 errace. Regent's Park : November, 1904. 

Note on the hehaoiour of Leptothorax luberum. — During my stay at Lyme Regis 
I found some rotten sticks bored by Osmia leucomelana lying on the ground. On cut- 
ting one of these open to look for the cells of that bee, I came upon a nest of Lepto- 
thorax tuberum, Fab. (race unifasciata) , with undeveloped eggs. This stick I kept 
in a box, in the hope of obtaining the sexes. I afterwards found similar nests 
wliile working in the same place, but only one with eggs in an advanced stage. 
These unfortunately fell out as I was breaking up the stick ; but I recovered most 
of tliem, and, on my return, placed them in the box with the others to see what 
would happen. I then noticed that immediately the workers discovered the new 
eggs they felt them with their antennae, seized them about two-thirds down, and 
carried them into their nest. Within twenty minutes all the eggs had disappeared, 
the workers being indefatigab'e. A few days later I opened the stick, and found 
the eggs in two groups— perhaps owing to want of space — but all carefully tended 
by the workers. All the eggs hatched out, and several i S and ? ? were obtained. 
It would be interesting to know if the allied species behave in the same way.— Id. 


The South London Entomological and Natural History Society : 
October 13th, 1904.— Mr. Hugh Main, B.Sc, Vice-President, in the Chair. 

Mr. Lucas exhibited two species of Ascalaphus taken by Dr. Chapman this 
year : A. coceajus in South France in May, and A. longicornis in Spain in July ; 
also living males and females of Apterygida media (albipeiinisj from its old 
locality. Mr. Moore, several large species of Cicada from Tasmania. Mr. Turner, 
imagines and cases of the local Coleophorid, C. vibicella from Trench Wood, where it 
was now very rare ; and a life history of C. laricella, showing the peculiar structure 
and position of the cases at various ages of the larva. Mr. Joy. a bred scries of 
Polyommatus bellargus from Folkestone, and gave notes on their history. Mr. 
Carr, the cocoon of Lasiocampa querctis previously shown. Since no imago had 
emerged he had opened it and found a crippled imago, a batch of ova, and a 
distorted pupa, all dead. Mr. West (Greenwich), four species of grasshoppers from 
Box Hill : Stenohothrus parallelus, S. elegans, Oomphocerus rnfu.i and G. macu- 
latus. Mr. Goulton, lantern slides of the larva of Oonepteryx rhamnl, in various 
positions during the act of pupating. Mr. Luca.s, lantern slides showing larva and 
details of the lady-bird llalyzia ocellata, Lepidoptera at rest, »&c. 

1905.] 23 

October 2,7th, 1904..— Mr. E. Step, F.L.S., Vice-President, in the Chiiir. 

Mr. Goulton e.thibitod ti series of pliotograplis of Lepidopterous larvte on their 
respective food-plants. Mr. Harrison and Mr. Main, series or examples of Lepi- 
doptera taken at or bred from Bude, including Cleora lichenaria, Dianthwcia 
luteago, var. fichlinl, D conspersa, Leucophania sinapia, Polla xanfhomista, and 
Boarmia gemmariu. Of the last species examples from Delamere and London were 
also shown. Mr. West (Greenwich), the case of a large species of from 
South Africa. Mr. Turner reported finding larvae and cases of Coleophora virgau- 
rese on golden rod at Sevenoaks, Kent, as well as larvae of Eupithecla expallidala. 

November lOth, 1901.— Mr. E. Step, F.L.S., Vice-President in the Chair. 

Mr. Fremlin exhibited ordinary and loosely attached scales of Hemaris fuci- 
forniis under the microscope. Mr. Harrison and Mr. Main, series of Dianthvecia 
alhimacula from Folkestone, Cymalophora duplaris, including two melanic speci- 
mens from Sinionswood Moss, Lancashire, and a form of Melanargia galatkea with 
a black streak running through the large white basal areas of the fore-wings. Mr. 
Main, some large Reduviids from West Africa. 

A special meeting was then held to consider the proposed alteration of Bye- 
Laws. — Hy. J. Turner, Hon. Secretary. 

Entomological Societi' of London : Wednesday, November 2nd, 1904. — 
Professor E. B. Poulton, M.A., D.Sc, F.R.S., President, in the Chair. 

Mr. E. A. Agar, of La Haut, Dominica, British West Indies ; Mr. Richard 
Siddoway Bagnall, of the Groves, Winlaton-on-Tyne, Durham ; Mr. Kenneth 
Glyne Blair, of 23, West Hill, Ilighgate, N. ; Mr. Edward Alfred Cockayne, B.A., 
of 30, Bedford Court Mansions, W.C. ; Mr. George Blundell Longstaff, D.M., of 
Twitchen, Mortehoe, R.S O , Devon, and Highlands, Putney Healh, S.W. ; Mr. 
Richard Arthur Ruby Priske, of 66, Chaucer Road, Acton ; and Mr. Herbert W. 
Simmonds, of 17, Aurora Terrace, Wellington, New Zealand ; were elected Fellows 
of the Society. 

Mr. J. E. Collin exhibited a specimen of Platyphora lubbocki, Verr., a species 
of Phoridie parasitic upon ants, the first recorded specimen since the one originally 
bred by the present Lord Avebury in 1875, and described for him by Mr. G. H. 
Verrall in the Journal of the Linnaean Society for 1877. Mr. P. J. Barraud, an 
aberrant Epinephele jurlina (janiraj, $ , taken by him this year in the New 
Forest, agreeing with the form recently described by Mr. Roger Verity as ab. 
anommata. Mr. J. Edwards sent for exhibition three specimens of Bagous hitosus, 
Gyll., one found by himself on Wretham Heath, Norfolk, on August 4th, 1900 — 
the first recorded authentic British example— and two taken in the same locality by 
Mr. Thouless on May 2nd, 19U3 ; also Bagous glabrirostr is, Herbst, from Camber, 
Sussex, for comparison. Dr. T. A. Chapman, bred specimens of Hastula (Epagoge, 
Hb. ?) hyerana. Mill., from larvae taken at Hyeres last March, and said the facts 
that the pale forms only have hitherto been known, whereas of those bred nearly 
half are dark, suggests either that really very few specimens are in collections — 
which is the most probable case — or that melanism is now affecting the species. 
The larvae are not uncommon at Hyeres. Before he bred the species this year a 
single dark specimen only was known, viz., one taken by Lord Walsingham at 

24 [January, 1905. 

Gibraltar, which lie named neargurala, and he was in doubt whether it was a var. 
of hi/era na, or a new species. Mr. W. J. Kaye specimens of the moths Casfnia 
fon.sco/ombei and Profambulyx t/ana.iciix, showing the warning and protective 
colouring of the two species. Mr. II. W. Andrews, specimens of EriMalis crypt- 
arum, F., and Didea alneti, Fin., two species of uncommon Sfirphidx from the 
New Forest. Mr. Edward Harris, a brood of Hemerophila ahruptaria bred by 
him this season, together wit'i the parent male and female ; the female, a dark 
specimen, was taken in his garden at Upper Clapton, on May 25th, and the male, a 
normal type, at Ilford, on May 26th. Of the offspring, eighteen in all, eight were 
females, of which four were dark specimens and of normal size. Of the ten males 
five were dark examples, darker than the females, but small even for males- 
They were smaller than the light specimens of the same brood. One of the light 
males emerged with only three wings, the left, fore-wing being absent. From 
dark specimens mated on August 12th fifty-seven larvse had been reared. Pay- 
master-in-Chief Gervase F. Mathew, R.N., some beautiful and interesting ex- 
amples of Leucanid favicolor, Barrett, including the varieties described by Barrett 
in the current volume of the Ent. Mo. Mag., p. 61, and, more recently, by Tutt 
in the Entomologist's Record for this year, p. 252. He also exhibited a beauti- 
ful series of twenty-four Caiiiptogramma JJuviala, the descendants of a wild pair 
captured on September 22nd, 1903, showing a wide range of colour variation. 
The President, a photogragh taken by Mr. A. H. Hamm, showing protective flower 
selections by Pieris rapce. The Presidenlr also exhibited four specimens of Conorr- 
hinus megisfua, Burm., the large South American Reduviid whicli is well known to 
attack man, out of over a dozen brought back by Mr. W. J. Burchell in 1828. 

Wednesday, November lijth, 1904. — The President in the Chair. 

Mr. Edward Goodwin, of Canon Court, Wateringbury, Kent, was elected a 
Fellow of the Society. 

Mr. II. St. J. Donisthorpe exhibited the second recorded British specimen of 
Orchesies sparsus, Fahr., taken by him on August 28th last in the New Forest. 
Mr. II. W. Andrews, specimens of Atherix crassipes, Mg., from the New Forest, 
the only previously recoi'ded locality in Britain being near Ticehurst, Sussex. Mr. 
G. O. Sioper, two aberrant forms of Melitceu athalia, ^ and ? , from Lugan, above 
Corberier, Switzerland, and one J from Martigny, taken on June 26th of this year. 
The tendency of tlie black markings to supersede the fulvous was particularly 
noticeable in the latter specimen. The President, cases containing Diptera, and a 
case containing the skins of African Sphingid larvse, dried in botanical paper, and 
still preserving their colours, from the iJurcliell collection in the Hope Museum, 
Oxford. Mr. C. O. Waterhouse, a gall of some Lepidopterous insect found on the 
Califate bushes in Patagonia. The gall resembled that of Cynips kollari, but was 
hollow, the walls being about l inch in thickness. The circular door prepared by 
the iarvce was about J- inch in diameter. The pupa was lying free, without any silk 
cocoon. It was suggested that the insect was perhaps allied to CEcoceci^. Mr. 
G. H. Kenrick communicated a paper entitled " Natural Selection applied to a 
Concrete Case." Mr. J. C. Kershaw communicated papers on " Enemies of Butter- 
flies in South China," and " A Life History of Gerydus sinensis." Mr. Nelson 
Annandale, B.A., communicated a paper on " The Eggs and Early Stages of a Coreid 
Bug, probably Dalader acuticosfa, witli a note on its Hymenopterous Parasites." — 
H. Rowland Bkown, Honorary Secretary. 

February, IIH15. 1 2^ 


Charles Golding Barrett was born at Colyton, Devon, on May 5th, 
1S36, the son of an officer in the Inland Kevenue Department. He 
was at first intended for an engineer, and to that end worked for two 
years as an apprentice at the Coalbrookdale Ironworks, Salop ; but in 
1S56 he entered the Civil Service, his long and honourable career 
therein being closed by his retirement, from nearly the highest rank 
in his De|)artment, in April, 1899. 

Asa boy he was very fond of collecting objects of Natural History, 
and he appears to have commenced the serious study of our native 
Lepidoptera at about his twentieth year. We find him in August, 
1856, sending to the then newly established Entomologist's Weekly 
Intelligencer (vol. i, p. 165) a record of the occurrence of Colias edusn 
at Forest Hill ; and at p. 179 of the same volume is a note by him on 
Vanessa c-alhum in Shropshire, in which the marked differences be- 
tween the summer and autumn broods are, we believe, referred to for 
the first time. An interesting light is thrown on his energetic methods 
of working in those early days by a note in the " Zoologist " (p. 6215), 
in which he relates that, after collecting all night in West Wickham 
Wood, and lying down towards sunrise for a nap under a fence, he 
was awakened by the gambols of a merry dancing party of Fumea 
nifidella ^ , which had selected his face as their ballroom ! 

His removal from London to Dublin in 1859 resulted in the 
thorough working, in company with several other energetic collectors, 
of Howth and other productive localities near that city ; and his 
sojourn there was signalized by the addition by him to our fauna of 
such notable species as Lithosia caniola, Dianthoscia capsophiln, the 
remarkable form of D. luieago described by Henry Doubledaj as D. 
harrettii, and the beautiful GelecTiin tarqiiiniella. A full and very 
interesting list of his Irish captures appears in the " Zoologist " for 
1861 (p. 7799 et seq.). 

Haslemere, where Mr. Barrett was stationed in 1862, soon became 
classic ground to our Lepidopterists from his continuous captures of 
rare and interesting species, among which Madopa salicalis deserves 
a passing notice. Being transferred to Norwich in 1868, the Norfolk 
Fens and the " Breck " and coast sands afforded a new and most in- 
teresting field to his untiring energy, and many notes on their insect 

26 [February, 

treasures are to be found in our pages. From 1875 to 1884 we find 
him located at Pembroke, in an entirely iinworked district of great 
promise, hardly however fulfilled ; though our collections owe most of 
their rc[)resentativ(^s of Dlasemia Uteralis and Eupoecilia mussehJiana 
to his fortunate discovery of the habitat and habits of these very 
rare species. 

After a London appointment of not long duration, in 188G he was 
transferred to King's Lynn, where he continued to make observations 
and captures of the greatest interest, among which the virtual dis- 
covery, in conjunction with Mr. E. A. Atmore, of the fine Eupithecia 
extensnria as a British species may be specially noted. In 1889 he 
received an im|)ortant and responsible post in South London, where, 
at Nunhead and subsequently at Peckham Rye, the remainder of his 
busy and active life was passed. 

From the first establishment of our Magazine in 1864 Mr. 
Barrett was a constant contributor to our pages ; in fact, his name 
appears in our '" Index " attached to no fewer than 380 separate en- 
tries, the last appearing so recently ns December, 1904. Among these 
contributions the " Notes on British Tortrices," which api)eared at 
intervals between 1872 and 1890, and embody the records of many 
additions to our Fauna, are the most important, and mark an era in 
our knowledge of this interesting series of moths. His chief work, 
" The Lepidoptera of the British Islands," was begun in 1892, and 
the ninth volume, which extends to the commencement of the Cramhites, 
was issued last year. This section was completed in the parts since 
published, and it is with great satisfaction that we learn that the 
material exists to carry the work to the end of the Tortricinn, the 
group which our lamented colleague had made so completely his own. 
In the preface to Vol. 1 he remarks — "My aim is, not only to furnish 
original and accurate descriptions of the perfect insects, and the most 
reliable descrij)tions obtainable of their larvae and pupae, but also such 
particulars of their habits and ways, drawn from personal experience 
and the most reliable records, as shall present them to the reader as 
creatures which enjoy their lives, and fill their allotted positions before 
they take a more permanent place in the museum or the cabinet." 

This is the keynote of the book, which is too well known and 
esteemed by all Lepidopterists to need further comment, and it exhibits 
the author in his strongest point, as essentially a field naturalist of 
the highest type. It was never the good fortune of the present writer 
to enjoy the company of Mr. Barrett in the field, but the many ento- 
mologists who have had that privilege unanimously bear witness to his 
wonderful powers of work, as well as to his resourcefulness, patience 
and acumen in tracking the most obscure and retiring species to their 

1905.] 27 

babitat. The candour and {;;eneroRity with which he placed his vast 
stores of entomological knowledge at the disposal of all his friends, 
and his genial, energetic and hearty manner, made him a delightful 
companion ; nor will his unstinted liberality in supplying our collec- 
tions with the rare and interesting species he so frequently met with 
be readily forgotten. 

In his public no less than in his private life, Mr. Barrett com- 
manded the esteem and affection of all who knew him ; and we can 
here merely allude to the active and disinterested part in the field of 
religion and temperance which he took throughout his life. 

Since June, 1880, he was one of the most valued members of our 
Editorial staff, and his decease leaves a void that will long be felt 
by his colleagues. In 1884 he became a Fellow of the Entomological 
Society, and was a Vice-President in 1901 ; and in 1892 he was 
President of the South London Entomological Society. 

For some time past the robust health that had for so long stood 
him in good stead had been failing, and he succumbed to an acute 
attack of bronchitis, passing away peacefully on the morning of De- 
cember 11th, 1904. His remains are interred at Forest Hill Cemetery. 
We understand that his extensive Collections of British, European, 
and South African Lepidoptera — the last received from a sister in 
Cape Colony, and the subject of some interesting notes in our pages 
— are to be disposed of. 

We are greatly indebted to Mr. C. Gr. Barrett, of King's Lynn, 
the eldest son of our departed colleague, to his daughter. Miss L. 
Barrett, and to the courtesy of the editor of the " Civilian," for 
material assistance in preparing this notice. —.1. J. W". 


We have great pleasure in announcing that Mr. Geo. T. Poruitt, 
F.L.S., has consented to fill the vacancy on our staif caused by the 
death of Mr. C. Gr. Babbett. Mr. Porbitt has for many years past 
been one of our most esteemed contributors on the Order Lepidoptera, 
and more recently on the Neuroptera and TricJioptera ; and his assist- 
ance in these departments of Entomology will, we feel sure, be 
appreciated by our readers no less than by ourselves. 

Hemiptera in Miller's Bale, Buxton, and Sherwood Forest. — In June, 1902, I 
met with sinfjle specimens of Zicrona coerulea, Linn., and Pentatoma juniperinum, 
Linn. The first was taken on a stone in the brilliant sunshine, and tiic latter 
occurred by beating hazel or blackthorn ; there is, as far as I can find, no juniper 
at all in the Dale. At Sherwood, in June of the past year, Calocoris striatus, Linn., 
was tolerably abundant by beating young oaks on the Welbeck side of the forest. 
I am indebted to Mr. E. Saunders for very kindly determining these insects for 
rae.— J. KiDSON Tayloe, 35, South Avenue, Buxton : January, 1905. 





BT E. ERNKST (>RRE>^, F.E.S., 

Oovernmeni Dufnmologisf, Rnt/al Botanic Gnrdens, Perndeniiin, Cei/lon. 

{Concluded from vol. xl, paffe 210). 

Lepidosaphes pinnjEFORMIs, Bouehe. 

On Citrus (No. IS). 

This is the cosmopolitan insect, hitherto pjenerally known as 
Mytilaspis citricola, Pack. Dr. Leonarrli has now identified it with 
the older name of pinnceformh, of Honche ; and Mrs. Fernald, in her 
" Catalogue of the Coccidcc of the World," shows that Lepidosaphes 
of Shimer has precedence over Mi/tilaspis of Signoret. 

Lepidosapues crawii, Ckll. 
On P/erospermum javanicwn (No. 63). 

Lepidosaphes lasianthi, Green. 
On undetermined plant (No. 104). 

Opuntiaspis javanensis, sp. nov. (fig. 5). 

Fig. 5. c 

Female puparium (fig. 5a) elongate, narrow ; sides subparallel ; carinae not 
very prominent ; margin and posterior extremity flattened. Colour reddish-brown 
to deep purple-brown ; margin and posterior extremity whitish ; pellicles reddish. 

Length, 3 mm. ; greatest breadth, 1 mm. 



Male pupainiim (fig. ob) similar in form, colour and texture to that of ? . 
Posterior tliird somewliat depressed and concave, as in male piiparia of parlatoria. 

Length, 1.75 to 2 mm. 

Adult ? (fig. 5c) elongate, narrow ; a transverse furrow and deep lateral cleft 
approximately bisecting the insect, between meso- and meta-thorax Derm chitinous, 
smooth. Some scattered longish, stout, spiniform hairs on ventral surface of meta- 
thorax and abdominal segments. Margin of posterior half incurved ventrallj, the 
incurved portion bearing a stout thorn-like process on each segment ; a pair of stout 
chitinous spines on the venter of the mesothorax — close to the transverse furrow, 
and a second pair on venter of first abdominal segment. A submarginal longitu- 
dinal fold on each side. Pygidium (fig. ^d) rounded. Median lobes rather widely 


separate, small but prominent, conical, slightly constricted at base. First lateral 
lobe similar in form and size, followed by a smaller lobe, which— though separated 
from it by a considerable interval — -corresponds to the outer lobule ot the duplex 
lateral lobes in Lejjidosaphes and Chionaspis. Other lobes obsolete. Squames 
spiniform, with dilated bases. No circumgenital glands. Length, 1.50 to 2 mm. 

Habitat : on Agave mexicana (No. 51). 

Differs from O. philococcus, Ckll., in the number of the pygidial 


On Pifer nigrum (No. 23) ; and Tlncaria gamhir (No. 88). 


On Pachira aquatica (No. 50). 

Chionaspis (Phenacaspis) varicosa, Green. 
On Piper nigrum (Nos. 23 and 37). 

Chionaspis (Phenacaspis) dilatata, Green. 
On Ficus sp. (No. 5L) ; Myristica fragrans (No. 75) ; Hevea 
hrasiliensis (No. 81) ; and Willughbeia sp. (No. 93). 

Chionaspis vitis, Green. 
On Loranthus sp. (Nos. 72 and 101). 



On Mangifera sp. (No. 77). 

Chionaspis LiTZEiE, Greei). 
On Cinnamomum zei/lanicmn (No. 41). 

Lepidosaphes ungdlata, n. sp. (Fig. 6). 

Female puparium dark reddish-brown, margin and pellicles paler. Elongate, 
narrow, usually sinuous ; median area moderately convex, margins flattened ; sur- 
face dull, obscurely transversely corrugated. Below with a well defined channel for 
the reception of the body of the insect. Length, 2 to 3 mm.; breadth, 0*8 to 1 mm. 

Male puparium smaller ; dark brown, with a 
pale transverse band towards the hinder extremify, 
at the point where the scale is hinged to facilitate 
the egress of the winged 
insect. Length, r50 mm.; 
breadth, about 050 mm. 

Adult $ (fig. 6a), elong- 
ate, broadest across abdomi- 
nal area ; the cephalo-thora- 
cic area occupying full two- 
thirds of the total length. 
Margins of the four abdo- 
minal segments strongly pro- 
duced and armed with claw- 
like processes (fig. 6b). The 
processes on the first abdo- 
minal segment merge into Fig. 66. 
spiniform squames with tubular glands ; those on the outer segments appear to 
be unconnected with glands. Pygidium (fig. 6c) irregularly rounded ; median 

lobes prominent, 

\ slightly emargin- 

Fig. 6a. 


\ V ate ; second lobes 
' ^ ^ duplex, the lo- 
bules distinct and 
separate. Beyond 
the lobes are three 
thickened margi- 
nal prominences. 
In each interval 
are a pair of spi- 
Fig. Gc. niform squames 

those on each side of the second lobes situated on a conspicuous marginal process 
bearing a large pore. Anal aperture at base of pygidium. Circumgenital glands 
in five groups ; median with 3 to 4 orifices ; upper laterals with 6 to 9 ; lower 
Oval dorsal pores in two small series on each side. 

laterals with 4 to 6. 

Adult (? unknown. 

Length, 0-75 to 1 mm. Greatest breadth, about 0-40 mm. 



On Si/zyglum pseudo-jamholnnum. 

The reniarkiible uiiguliform processes on lateral margins of abdo- 
minal segments sufficiently distinguish this from allied species. 

Female puparium irregularly circular. Moderately convex. Brownish-fulvous. 
Pellicles concolorous, inconspicuous. Surface dull and roughened. 

Diameter, 1 to 1.50 mm. 
Male puparium not observed. 

Adult 9 broadly turbiniform. Older examples rather densely chitinous. No 

v. 'J* 

Fig. 7 o. 
parastiginatic glands. Pygidium (fig. 7 «) with median lobes large, stout and pro- 
minent, irregularly and obscurely excised. Two lateral lobes on each side, small 

with broad base and aciculate apex 
(fig. 7 b). Squames numerous, stout ; 
some obscurely furcate, others spini- 
form ; extending along margin for 
some distance beyond the lobes. Spines 
long, stout and conspicuous. Circum- 
ge:ntal glands in four groups ; upper 
laterals 8 to 11 ; lower laterals 3 
to 6. Dorsal pores numerous, minute 
crowded. Length, 0.80 to 1.10 mm 
Fig. 7 b. Breadth, 0.75 to 1 mm. 

On Erythrina lithosperma, the scales occupying shallow pits in 

the surface of the bark. 

AONIDIA JAVANEN91S, 11. Sp. (Fig. 8). 
Female puparium subcircular, posterior extremity slightly pointed ; occupied 
almost completely by the large second pellicle with a very narrow secretionary 
border. First pellicle rather strongly convex, centrally placed. Colour, dull 
reddish-brown ; the first pellicle outlined with fulvous. Diameter, about 1 mm. 


L February, 

Fis. 8 a. 

Male pupariuiH larger, paler and flatter ; 
rather broader than long. Colour, browiiish- 
ochreous. Diameter, about 1 nun. 

Adult ? (fig. 8 a) of normal form ; sub- 
circular, the outline broken by the pjgidiuni 
which is moderately prominent. Rostrum close 
to anterior margin ; large and conspicuous. The 
body cavity usually contains two large embryos. 
Margin of abdominal segments tentaeulate. Py- 
gidiuin (fig. 8 b) of irregular outline. Four 
small narrow lobes, between and beyond which 

Fig. 8 b. 
the margin is produced into long lanceolate processes, varying in size and form 
in different examples. Long diameter, 0.50 to 0.65 mm. 

On under-surface of leaves of Myristica j^ragrans ; the scales 
disposed along the midrib and prominent veins of the leaf. 


Fig. 1. — Lecanium tenebricophi lum. 

(a) Section of Erythrina branch, with insects in situ. Nat. size. 

(6) Adult female, x 4. 

(c) Spiracle of female, greatly enlarged. 

{d) Derm of female, greatly enlarged. 

(e) Plates of anal operculum, greatly enlarged. 

Fig. 2. — Pulvinaria maxima. 

(a) Marginal spines, x 650. 
{h) Antenna, x 150. 

Fig. 3.— Ceroplastes cirrhipediformis. 
Stigmatic spines, x 650. 

Fig. 4. — Aspidiotus curciiliginis. 

Extremity of female pygidium, greatly enlarged. 



Fig. 5. — Opiiiitia.spis javaneiisis. 

(a) Female piipariuin, x 17. 

(6) Male )DiipariLini, x 17. 

(f) Adult female, ventral view, x 40. 

{(I) F.\tremity uf female pygidiiiiii, x (ioO. 
Fig. 6. — Lepidosaphex ungulata. 

{a) Adult female, x 8U. 

{b) Margin of abdominal segment, x 180. 

(e) Pjgidium, x 2UU. 
Fig. 7 — Aspidiofu.i pu^tulans. 

{a) Pjgidium of female, x 200. 

(6) Margin, showing lateral lobes, x 600. 
Fig. 8. — Aonidia javanensis. 

(a) Adult 9, X 75. 

(6) Pjgidium, x 650. 



{Concluded from page 4). 

The weather luid now become settled and very hot, and the Sth 
saw us back for the day to near Zurich, our destination being the 
Oerlikon Riet, including the River Glatt, and our special quarry the 
Qomphince and Somatochlora Havomaculata. Taking the train to 
Glatt brugg, our course led us along the banks of the Glatt fur a 
stretch, then over the Riet to Oerlikon Station. The Glatt is here a 
slow stream with corrected course. On either side of it stretch 
tracts of marshy meadow with little clumps of wood, an ideal locality 
for Neuroptera. Perhaps in no other place did we see so many 
dragon-flies. It is no exaggeration to say that Calopteryx spleiidens 
must have existed in thousands on the short reach of the river which 
we traversed. I have hardly ever witnessed a prettier sight than 
these multitudes of lovely dragon-flies. A female never took flight 
without having half-a-dozen or so male attendants in her tram, and 
these curious little processions were constantly flittiiig about the 
river. Not less numerous, but less conspicuous, was Platycnemis 
pennipes. Anax imperator was present in fair numbers, each patrolling 
his special section steadily, except when a wandering Oomphus 
provoked the tyrant to a chase. A worn $ of A. parthenope was 
taken ; it had probably flown from the Metmenhasler See. The 
Gomphids were not common and were diflicult to catch, the difficulty 
being enhanced in no small degree by the relentless attacks of Tabani 

•J 4 [February. 

which swarmed in the htng herba},'e along the river bank. One of 
the first seen was Ophiogomphus serpcntinus, the most beautiful of the 
European Gomphids, and quite different I'rom the others on account 
of its exquisite green coloration. The species was not at all frequent, 
and it was the most wary, only one being secured by Dr. liis. Ony- 
chogomphus forcipaius was not quite so rare, and a few good males 
were caught, while Gomphus vulffafissimus, quite unexpectedly, put in 
an appearance. One or two Platetrum depressum were noticed at a 
small lateral stream. But Somatoelilora Jlavomaculata outnumbered 
all the other larger dragon-flies ; every corner along the margins of 
the wood, and almost every small clump of bushes gave shelter to a ^J 
which was not as a rule difficult of capture. One of the striking 
features of the Glatt marshes was Papilio machaon, which was flyiug 
about in splendid examples of the second brood. 

Our last excursion in the low country was to the Hauser See a 
pretty lake near Oasingen (about 1360 feet s. ui.), and distant from 
Eheinau about 5^ miles. The walk was sufficiently long in the 
intense heat. When we were still some distance from the lake, a few 
Orthetrmn hrunneum appeared flying over the road. Entering the 
shaded paths in the woods surrounding the lake, we found them alive 
with Limenitis sybilla. I have never seen it before in such numbers, 
but they were nearly all much worn and we had no time to spare to 
select them. So we left them alone, as we also did Apatura iris, 
which once or twice tempted us to linger, and we very soon reached 
the lake. This is one of the localities where the great prize Epifheca 
biviaculata is to be found, but we were of course too late for it. 
Amongst the first species seen were SoinatocJdora metalUca flying 
along the margin, and a little farther on one or two Libellula fulva, 
together with a ^ Sympetrum sanguineum. But we hastened on to 
the corner for Leucorrhinia, only to find that in this early season we 
were too late. L. albifrons was still present and a few pairs were 
taken, but of L. pecloralis only one ^ was seen and taken by 
Dr. Ris, who handed it over to me with his usual generosity, which 
extended to everything of any value that was found. L. caudalis, 
which also occurs here, was evidently quite over. The usual com- 
plement of small dragon-flies was obtained, including Pyrrhosoma 
tenellum, and on going round to the other side of the lake we found 
Oomphus pulchellus common, but worn. Orthetrum cancellatum was 
again present, but 1 found this species one of the most difficult of all 
to catch. Leaving the lake proper, a little marshy meadow was 
visited for Lestes dryas, of which we got a few, and the same locality 

1906.] 35 

produced a few uMschna graiuUs. By tliiy time the woodland paths 
were quite gloomy, and stealing along them JS. cyanea was taken. 
An unusual capture on the way home was C. csnea flying along the 

On the following morning we reluctantly bade adieu to our good 
friends at Kheinau and proceeded to Chur, whence we drove to 
Lenzerheide, a health resort, situated between C'hurwalden and 
Tiefencastel, at an elevation of about 4800 feet. Here we remained 
until July 18th. It looked an excellent locality for Neuroptera, 
possessing a fine lake, the Heidsee, and an abundance of running 
waters. The weather which had been hot and cloudless in the low 
country, changed when we reached the Alps, and for a day or two 
thunder storms and heavy rain prevailed to a degree that was rather 
depressing. In the fitful gleams of sunshine we saw few dragon- 
flies ; odd examples of Somatochlora, a ? S. aJpestris being taken, 
Orthetrum coerulescens, Lihellula quadrimaculata, Leucorrliinia dubia, 
and Enallagma cyathigerum. These gave very little promise of what 
was in store for us. Finally, after a terrific storm, the morning 
broke cool and cloudless, giving promise of a fine day. The forenoon 
will long be remembered. A stretch of boggy land on the side of the 
stream, just after it leaves the lake, was found to be alive with 
Somatochlora, and here during the next few days beautiful series of 
S. alpestris and S. arctica were caught. On the quiet portion of a 
lateral streamlet and at the lake a few S. metallica were found, but 
here this species was scarcer than the other two. jSSschna juncea 
proved to be common also, and Gordulegaster annuJatus was seen 
during the last two days, but it was still rare, and I failed to get more 
than one ^. 

Our next move was over the Julier Pass to ISilvaplana. We had 
DO difliculty in making out, from the excellent maps with which 
Dr. Kis had provided us, where the most likely localities were to be 
found. Crossing to the other side of the Silvaplana See and going 
through the woods in the direction of Campfer, we soon found the 
Lej Nair, and here and on the marshes surrounding it we discovered 
once more the haunts of the lovely alpine Cordulines. Somatochlora 
metallica was particularly abundant and an easy capture as it hawked 
round the margins of the lake. An interesting form of Galopteryx 
sflenden'A occurred rarely here, very similar to that which I found at 
Digne, and much closer to the southern form than the one occurring 
about Ziirich. M. juncea was exceedingly common, and was noticed 
even at the Hannen See (7000 feet), the only dragon-fly seen there. 

36 [February, 

Still more productivB tlian Lej Nair was another smaller lake at a 
somewhat lower level near Campf'er. S. arctica and alpestris were not 
taken there, although they may quite well occur, but 8. metallica, 
L. duhia, ^. juncea, Agrion puella and Tiastulatum, and E cyrithiijcrum 
(the last two being also found at Lej Nair) were all more or less 
abundant. In the woods Sijmpetrum meridional e and S. striolatum 
were frequently seen ; and one day near Silvaplana I believe I saw 
P. depressum. The only species which should have been found and 
was not, was ^. coerulea, which was taken by Mr. McLachlan at the 
Staatzer See. It must surely be much rarer in the Alps than in the 
boreal parts of Europe. 

At Silvaplana our dragon-fly hunting ended. We went on to 
Maloja and Chiavenna on the 25th, and after visiting Como proceeded 
over the Spliigen to Thusis, thence home by way of Zurich and Basel. 
Excepting a Cordulid noticed flying about the pier at Varenna and a 
few examples of Sympetrum in the Val Bregaglia and elsewhere, no 
more dragon-flies were seen. 

The total number of species observed on our journey was 45. 
The first rush of dragon-fly life was over before we reached Switzer- 
land. Brachytron pratense had absolutely disappeared, the Libelhilas 
and Leucorrhinias were practically over, while the time of Sympetrum 
and Lestes had not yet fully come. One or two additional species 
might have been obtained by visiting special localities, but we were 
well content with the results which could scarcely have been achieved 
if we had not had the good fortune to be under such experienced and 
painstaking guidance. The following is a complete list of the species 
seen : — 

Leucorrhinia pectoralis, Charp. ; L. dubia, Vanderl. ; L. albifrons, Burm. 
Sympetrum striolatum, Charp.; /S. meridionale, de Selys ; S.fouscolombii,de Selys ; 
S. sanguineum, Miill. ; 6\ scotieum, Donov. Platetrum depressum, L. Libellula 
quadrimaculafa, L. ; L. fulva, Miill. Orthetrum coerulescens, F. ; O. brunneum, 
Fosc. ; O. cancellatum, L. Cordulia senea, L. Somatochlora metallica, Vanderl. ; 
S. alpestris, de Selys ; S. flavomaculata, Vanderl. ; S. arctica, Zett. Onychogom- 
phus uncatus,Ch&TT^. ; O.forcipatus, Jj. OpMogomphus serpentinus, Ch&vp. Gom- 
phus vulgatissimus, L. ; G. pulchellus, de Selys. Cordulegaster annulatus, Latr. 
Anax imperatortheaeh.; A.parthenope,de8e\ya. ^schna cyanea, Mull. ; ^.juncea, 
L. ; ^.grandisih. ; 2E. isosceles, Miill. Calopteryx virgo, L.; C. splendens, Harris. 
Lestes dryas, Kby. ; L. sponsa, Hans. Platycnemis pennipes, Pallas. Erythromma 
najas, Hans. Pyrrhosoma nymphuLa Sulz. ; P. tenellum, Vill. I.schnura elegans> 
Vanderl. Enallagmacyathigerum, Cha,v]y. Agrion pulchellum,Yanderl. ; A. puella, 
D. ; A. hastulatum, Charp. ; and Nehalennia speciosum, Charp. 

13, Blackford Eoad, Edmburgh : 
September, 1904. 

1905. I 37 


BY J. R. LE B. TOMLTN, M.A., P.E.S. 

In the Ent. Mo. Mag., 1896, p. 261, Mr. Champion predicts the 
eventual discovery of Silvanus mercator, Fauv., in Britain. Ho has 
recently identified some specimens which T received from Mr. E. A. 
Atmore as this species. It may easily be recognised from 8. surina- 
mejisis, L., by the small size of the temples, which are two-thirds of 
the diameter of the eyes in the latter species, whereas they are only 
one-fifth in 8. mercator. 

A dichotomous table of the genus will be found in the article 
cited above. My specimens were found in a bakery at King's Lynn, 

Chester : January, 1905. 

{Continued from Vol. XL, p. 273). 

3040 : 1. — Stmmoca ponebias, sp. n. 

Antennae brownish fuscous. Palpi white, the median joint suffused with 
brownish fuscous externally nearly to its apex. Head hoary wliite. Thorax pale 
creamy ochreous. Forewings pale creamy ochreous, sprinkled sparsely with rust- 
brown scales, with three groups of brownish fuscous scales along the costa and one 
before the apex ; the first costal spot is at the base, with a rust-brown dot at its 
lower edge ; the second at one-third, rather triai'gular, with a small rust-brown spot 
at its apex ; the third at two-thirds, a little beyond a rust-brown transverse streak 
at the end of the cell, below which is another rust-brown spot on the dorsum, a 
smaller one lying just below the middle of the fold ; the base of the pale ochreous 
cilia is also dusted with rust-brown beyond the apical fuscous spot. Exp. al., 
12 — 13 mm. Hindioings cilia and Abdomen rather dark grey. Legs whitish 

%>«. (? (96348). Mus. Wlsm. 

Hab.: ALGERIA — ITammam-es-Salahin, L8.IV- 17.V.1908. 
Three specimens taken on the hills above Hammam-es-Salahin in early 

Closely allied to tofosella, Ebl., but distinguished by its white 
head, its more rusty coloured forewings and less conspicuous spots. 

3043 : 1. — Symmoca calidella, sp. n. 
Antennae pale yellowish ochreous. Palpi dull white, smeared externally, 
nearly to the apex of the median and on the terminal joint, with pale brownish 

38 [February, 

fuscous. Head and Thorax dull white. Forewings dull white, minutely sprinkled 
and sparsely spotted with pale brownish fuscous ; the ill-defined spots are formed 
by aggregation of the otherwise scattered pale fuscous scales and are, first a small 
streak at the base of the costa, reduplicated below and beyond ; secondly a sub- 
costal spot at one third, then a spot at the end of the cell, preceded by one a little 
beyond the middle of the fold, with another, subcostal, a little before the apex ; 
there are one or two marginal dots before the dirty white cilia which are also 
slightly dusted. Exp. al., II — 12 mm. Hindwitifjs and cilia brownish grey. Ah- 
domen brownish grey. Legs dirty white. 

Type, S (96543) ; ? (96540). Mua. Wlstn. 

Hah.: ALGERIA— Hammam-es-Sakhin, 13.IV— 18.V.1903 ; 
Biskra, 11-30. IV. 1903. Twelve specimens. 

Although in general appearance this species does not look dis- 
tinct and cannot easily be separated by description from cedestiella, 
7i., and sparsella, do Joann , it is more robust than the former and 
lacks the median fascia, and it is a more chalky looking species with 
greyer markings than the latter. It is really quite distinct when 
series of each are compared, 

3043 : 2. — Symmooa oblitebata, sp. n. 

Antennae hoary grey. Palpi hoary white, dusted with greyish fuscous. Head 

hoary grey. Thorax hoary whitish, dusted with greyish fuscous. Forewings hoary 

greyish white, profusely speckled with greyish fuscous throughout, this is for the 

most part evenly distributed, but a line along the centre of the wing nppears (o be 

somewhat less obscured by the dark speckling, while a reduplicated transverse spot at 

the end of the cell is slightly indicated, a jjlical and another discal spot scarcely to 

be detected, their possible position being shown only by a slight increase of the 

dark dusting in each place ; cilia hoary grey. Fxp. al., 11 — 13 mm. Eindwings 

bronzy grey, with brownish cinereous cilia. Abdomen bronzy greyish fuscous, anal 
tuft paler. Legs hoary greyish. 

Type, ^ (96534). Mus. Wlsm. 

Hah. : ALGERIA— Biskra, 25. Ill— 2 IV.1903 ; Hammam-es- 
Salahin, 8- 23. IV. 1904, 17.V.1903. Thirty-one specimens. 

Flies low in the early morning on rather bare ground. It has 
much the appearance of Eremica saharae, but is of a greyer colour 
and without any indication of transverse markings, its shading, if 
any, being always longitudinal. 

3043 : 3. — Symmoca molitoh, sp. n. 

Antennae pale brownish, hoary whitish towards the base. Talpi hoary whitish, 
the median joint shaded with black below towards its apex, the terminal with a 
black annulation before its apex. Head and Thorax hoary white, the latter with a 
black spot posteriorly. Forewings rather narrow, elongate, tapering to an obtusely 
rounded apex ; hoai-y white, profusely sprinkled with black atoms which have a 
tendency to run in lines, especially along the upper edge of the cell, and from the 

1905.] 39 

cell outward (o the apex and termen ; cilia brownish white. Exp. al., 15 mm. Hind- 
wings shining, brownish grey ; cilia shining, pale brown. Abdomen, brownish grey 
at file base, shading to pale brown posteriorly, f-'efls pale brownish cinereous. 

Type, J (96548). Mii8. WIsm. 

Hah. : A LGBRI A - El- Kantai-a, 27. 1 V. — 22. V. 1003. Three 

Perhaps most nearly allied to obJiterafn, but it is a larger species. 

311— APKOAEREMA, Drnt. 
= * ANACAMPSis, Stgr.-Rbl. (nee Crt.). 

2840 : 1.— Aproakrema zonariella, sp. n. 

Antennae black, with pale ochreous annulations not meeting on the upper side. 
Pal2>i pale ochreous, with two black lines along the terminal joint throughout. 
Head dark greyish fuscous ; face ochreous. Thorax black. Forewin(/s black, 
sparsely sprinkled with pale ochreons scales, which are slightly grouped in the fold 
a little beyond its middle and on the disc above and beyond ; at the outer thii-d of 
the wing-length is a straight, clearly defined, pale ochreous fascia, its outer edge 
somewhat jagged ; cilia smoky brown, with some black scales projecting in their base. 
Exp. al., 16 mm. Hindtolngn grey, with a brownish tinge ; cilia smoky brown. 
Abdomen smoky fuscous. Legs brownish fuscous, with two tibial and four tarsal 
pale ochreous annulations. 

Type: ? (96404). Mus. Wlsm. 

Hah. : ALGERIA— Batna, 1.V.1903. Unique. 

A very distinct species. 

2S40 : 2.— Aproaerema mitre lla, sp. n. 

Antennae fuscous. Palpi hoary white, tipped witli black. Head and face 
hoary gi'ey. Thorax bronzy fuscous. Foretoing.i elongate, acutely lanceolate ; 
bronzy fuscous at the base, dai-kening to deep brownish fuscous towards the middle, 
clearly and straightly defined along the inner edge of a white transverse fascia, some- 
what expanded outward from the dorsum to the costa ; beyond this the dark 
brownish fuscous colouring is continued to the apex with bright shining pale steel- 
grey scales, each tipped with black, radiating outwards along the margins at the 
base of the brownish gi'ey cilia. Exp. al., 10 mm. Hindwings leaden grey ; cilia 
pale brownish grey. Abdomen dark leaden grey, with pale anal tuft. Legs whitish, 
the ends of the tibiae and the terminal joints of the tarsi banded with brownish 

Type, ^ (96467). Mus. Wlsm. 

Hab. : ALGERIA— Biskra, 23. 1 [I ; El-Kantara, 22.1 V. 1903 ; 
Hammam-es-Salahin, 13. IV. 1904. Three specimens. 

Has much the appearance of acfinfjiyllidts, but is a little larger 
and darker. 

4Q [Februai-.v, 

2847 : 1.— Aproaerema acanthtlltdis, sp. n. 

Antennae white beneath, black specklerl with white above ; basal joint slightly 
flattened and enlarged. Palpi white. Head and face white. Thorax olive-brown. 
Foreunntjx pale olive brown at the base, shading to brownish fuscous a little beyond 
the middle, where this colour is abruptly terminated by a straight wliitish ochreous 
fascia, nari'ow on the dorsum, wider and somewhat diffused outward above it to the 
costa ; this fascia is of varying intensity, nnd in some varieties is almost entirely 
obliterated by a suffusion of the blackish scales which predominate usually beyond 
it on the apical fourth: the black scales in ordinary varieties are sprinkled thickly 
on olive-brown, and accompanied by shining steely metallic scales, each tipped witli 
black, which extend through the base of the grey cilia. Exp. a!., 8-9 mm. Hind- 
wings witli produced apes and deeply excised termen ; pale bluish grey ; cilia 
brownish grey. Abdomen brownish grey, fjegx shining, bi-assy whitish, with a 
fuscous band at the end of the hind tibiae. 

Type, ^ (89469) ; ? (89475) ; var. ^ (89470). Mus. Wlsm. 

Bah.: ALGERIA-Biskra, 5.T1.1897, 1-30.III.1894, 19-29. \^. 
I'fiM {Eaton) ■ 20.11— 9.TIT. 1903; EI-Kantnra, 5.V. ; Hammam-os- 
Salahin, 28.111— 25. IV. 1904, 14.V.1903 ; Larva Acanfhi/llis frnffacan- 
tJioides, 5.1. excl. 6-15.TIT.1904 ; 17. IV. excl. 12. V. 1904 {Wlsm). 
Forty-one specimens. 

This species is abundant, and widely distributed among isolated 
plants of Acfinthyllis trngacantlioides, from which I have since bred 
it ; there would appear to be at least two broods. Mr. Eaton first 
met with it in 1894. 

It is closely allied to captivella, Z., but differs in the outward 
widening of the fascia. 

The genus Aproaerema is described as having in the forewings 
"6 sometimes out of 7 near base" {Met/r., Busck.). This definition 
would exclude acanthylUdis (and perhaps other species) in which 6 
is emitted from ihe stalk of 7 and 8 near their furcation, moreover in 
some specimens {e. g., 5854) 9 is sometimes connate with (G+7-|-8) 
or even stalked with them — thus, in this species at least, vein 9 is 
variable, being emitted from the radius before the end of the cell, 
connate with, or out of (6-|-7+8). In the hindwings 2 and 3 are 
connate from the end of the cubitus above which the cell is open ; 
part of the discoidal occurs above lower media, emitting 5 angularly ; 
6 and 7 are stalked from radius to near apex. At first one would 
have felt inclined to make this species the type of a new genus, but 
it seems wiser to slighly extend the definition of Aproaerema to in- 
clude such species as are obviously in a plastic condition, the variation 
being individual, not special. 



2847 : 2. — Aproaeuema. tiiauma.lea, sp. n. 

Antennae blackish, sprinkled with white. Palpi smooth, white, terminal joint 
as long as the median, with two slender lines of black scales throughout its length, 
//earf trreyish white ; face shining white. T'Aora.r cream-white, shaded with stcel- 
grej. Furewiiigs shining copper-brown, with a broad cream-white costal patch 
from the base nearly to the middle, produced outward at its lower extremity nearly 
to the outer end of the fold, its attenuated apex not reaching the dorsum ; at the 
outer third a broad transverse cream-white fascia, throwing an angulatod projection 
outward at its middle, and attenuated to the dorsum before the tornus, its inner 
edge clearly defined and slightly outward-curved ; beyond it the coppery brown 
terminal area is thickly studded with brilliant steel-like scales, each narrowly tipped 
with jet-black, many of these project into the dull leaden grey cilia (recalling the 
form of the neck feathers of a Thaumalea). Exp. al., 8-9 mm. llindwhx/s as 
broad as the forewings, the apex much produced from the deeply excised lermen ; 
whitish grey ; cilia pale brownish grey. Abdomen shining steel-grey. Lfiff.i white, 
with slight tarsal spots, a single fuscous spot on the outer side of the tibiae. 

Ti/pe, ^ (96504). Mus. Wlsm. 

ITnb. : ALGERIA — Hammam-es-Salahin, Larva Astrarjalus gom- 
bo, lO.Iir— 27.IV. excl. 15.IV.— 14.V.1004 ; 15.V. excl. l-13.Vri903. 
Ten specimens. 

This very distinct species agrees with ncanthyllidis in omitting 6 
an<l 9 of the forewings from the stalk of 7-1-8. 

(To he continuedj. 


I am again able to record a good number of interesting species 
taken in the County during the jmst season. For those I am indobtod 
to the following correspondents, who have sent me lists of the rarer 
species taken by them and the localities in which they occurred. The 
Rev. A. P. Waller records captures at Hemley near Woodbridge, 
Messrs. H. Lingwood at Needbam Market and Dunwich, Claude 
Morley at Barham and Blakeidiam, A. E. Gibbs at Orford, and Dr. 
Crowfoot near Beccles. Mrs. Mann, of Bungay, has sent me a full 
list of all the species met with by her in 1904 at Bungay and Flixton, 
and has also sent a list of the rarer species which had been taken by 
her in previous years, thus adding considerably to the County List. 
Both Mr. Waller and Mrs. Mann have made great use of their moth 
traps, and h;\ve taken many good insects in them. 

Mr. (\ G. Barrett, as usual, h:is most kindly confirmed or deter- 
mined most of the Micros, Mr. Waller having sent him all that 
seemed doubtful ; while he has also determined various species for 
Mrs. Mann. 

42 Ll''ebvuary, 

Of the Heterocera I need only mention Acheronfia atropos, L., at Hollesley, 
Sphinx pinastri, L., bred by Mrs. Mann from ova received from Aldringham, * Dei- 
lephila livornica, Esp., taken at Felixstowe, September 1st, by G. P. Hope, Esq., 
Havering G-range, Romford, it bad apparently just emerged from the pupa, Choero- 
campa porcellus, L., at Hemley and Bungay, *Nola centonalis, Hb., one at light at 
Ilemley, July 21st, N. strigula, Scliiff., at Flixton, sis specimens in 1902, Lithosia 
quadra, L., at Lowesloft, and Petasia casninea, Hb., at Bungay. 

The rarer Nocliix to be recorded are *Leucania fnricolor, Barr., a beautiful 
specimen of the red variety taken at Hemley, September 10th, at light. Mr Waller 
first met with it in 1893, and took several in 19 '1, but it was then supposed to be a 
red form of L. pal/enx, and was not recorded. L. obxohfa, Hb , Needliani Market, 
Nonaffria qeminipuncta, Hutch., three iit sugar at Hemley, Chartean (frnininin, h., 
several on ragwort flowers by day at Orford, Neuria re/icu/ata, Vill., two at sugar 
at Hemley, Miana arrtiosa, Haw., Bungay, A//ro/ix ngathina, Dup., Dunwieh, Tnt- 
chea piniperda, ^sp., Hemley and Needham Market, */>«vycff»?/)rt rubicfinea, ¥., 
two at Needham Market in the spring. Spring Nochup seem to have been rather 
plentiful at sallows. Tefhea retusa, L., Bungay, August 9lh, in the moth trap, 
Dianthnecia conspersa, Esp., several at Bungay and Lowestoft, * Plus in nioneta. P., 
one in the garden at Bungay, this species was taken some years ago at Battislord, 
but was not recorded, P. festucse, L., in abundance in Mrs. Mann's garden, Catocain 
fraxini, L., p. 256 ante, and Toxocampa pastinum, Tr., at Lowestoft. 

Of the Geomefrse the best are PericnUia xj/rlngarin, L., several at Hemley. 
usually rare, Ennomos fu.scantaria, Haw., Needham Market, Acidalia emu/aria. 
Hb., one, and Corycia taminaia, W. V., in plenty, both at Bungay, KupHhevia 
venosata, F., larvae in the heads of Bladder L'arapion at Hemley, also at Bungay, 
Lolophora viretata, Hb., Hemley, August 13th, Camptogramma fuviala, Hb., July 
22nd, and Anticlea derivata, W. V., both at light at Bungay, Coremia quadrifasci- 
arla, L., several at Hemley, usually very scarce there, Cidaria sagiltala, F., Bungay, 
C. picata, Hb., several, and Eitbolia Hneola/a, W. V., one in the moth trap at 

Pt/ralides — Pi/raUs co-italin, F., at Bungay, Cledeobia angustalis, W. V., at 
Orford, Acentropux nlveus, Oliv., two, June 8th, and *Scop(irla resinea, Haw., in 
1902, at Bungay. 

Pterophori — PlatgptiUa gonodavtyla, Schiil., and Leioptilns lienigtanns, Zell., 
at Hemley, and L. microdactglus, Hb., at Bungay. 

Crambi—* Crambus alpinellns, Hb., one at light, and C.falsellws,W.Y.,a.t 
Hemley, the latter also at Bungay ; Schcenobius forjicellus. Thumb., S. mucronellus, 
P., W. v., in numbers in moth trap, Rhodophsea formosa. Haw., and Ephestia 
ficulella. Ban*., 1901, all at Bungay ; R. marmorea, Haw., Hemley, one at light, and 
five at light at Bungay, R. suaoella, Zinck., and R. advenella, Zinck., also at 

Tortrices — Tortrix diversana, Hb., one at Hemley, *Leptogranima IHerana, 
L., a fine grey variety at Bungay in 1903, Peronea comparana, Hb., several at light, 
and Spilonota lariciana, Zell., at Hemley, Sericoris lacunana var. *herbaim, Gn., 
at Beecles, and Orthotfenia antiquana, Hb., not uncommon at light at Bungay, O. 
sfriaiin, W. V., at Hemley, PaulLica xnrdidnna, Hb., at Bungay, Retirna pinico/ana, 
Dbl., at Orford, Dichrorampha satuniana, Gn., and Eupaecifia vectisaiia, Westw., 

1905.] 43 

fljing abundantly one afternoon in tlie salt marshes, at Ileniley, *E. r/ei/eriana, 
II. -S., E. de(/rei/aiia, McLach., and *E. vilieUa, Hb., 1902, all at Bungay. 

Of the Tineic I have a good list, of which many are new to the County. *Epi- 
graphia sleinkeUneriana, Seliiff., at IJiiagay, 19o2 and lUi'S, *Piii/che {Epichno- 
pterifif) ref ire/la, Newm., nolined by Mr. Waller among Marram grass near the river 
at llemley in 1903 and again this year, a notable species; *Scardia arcella, F.,at 
light at llemley and at liungay, Tinea, Hb., Bungay and Shadingfield, near 
Beccli's, T. xfinifuli-ella^ Haw., and Sioaiumerdamta comptella, Hb., at Hemley, <S'. 
spinielld, lib., at Bungay, * I'/iifel/u porrectella, L., the pale green larvjE were 
abundant feeding on the Sweet Rocket in the Rectory Garden at Hemley, the moths 
in June and August, also at Bungay, *J]i/ponomeuta vigintipvnctatns, Kctz., Bungay, 
several in the moth trap, lOUl-Ul, *Ane'<ychia decemtjuttella, lib., 1901. *Harpip- 
teryv scahrella, L., 19(i2, *OrthoteHa sparyanella, Thun., 1901-02, *Depressaria 
yeutinna, F., *D. pulcherrimeUa, Stn., at Bungay; Gelechia muscosella, Zell., 
Becclcs, 1903, G. {Brachmia) monjfefella, Schiii.,a\Mi *G. (Lifa) fraterneUa,I>oug\., 
at Hungay, G. {I'eleia) fugitiveUa, Zell., at Hemley, *G. (Duryphom) Ittfti/entella, 
Zell., and G. /Kiiiole/la, Tr., Buugay, G. {Nannodia) hermannella,Yh.,licm\Qy and 
Biakeuham chalk pit, G. {Ceratophora) nifescens. Haw., and Chelaria huhnerella, 
Don., at light, at Hemley and Bungay, **Jr^yre?</*'a mendica, \\a,vi., Barham and 
Bungay, *A. curvella, L., *Coleopkora fabriciella, Vill., in the moth trap, both in 
1903, and *Laverna ochraceella. Curt , at Bungay, the latter also at Orford, Chry- 
soclysta flavicaput, Haw., and Elachista luticomella, Zell., at Hemley. 

The species marked * are new to the Suffolk List. 

Gruestling Rectory, Hastings : 
December, 1904. 

Leuvania favicolor, Barr., and Epichiiopteryx reticella, Newnt., in Suffolk. — 
The late Mr. Barrett had intended to send a special note on the extension of 
locality of these two species in Suffolk, but was prevented by his last illness ; this 
he was about to do, " because Leucania favicolor has only been found in S. E. 
Suffolk and N. E. Essex, where these counties join, while Epichnopteryx reticella 
has occurred from Devon to Esses, but not hitherto in Suffolk or Norfolk." As 
Mr. Waller took his specimen of L. favicolor on September 10th it would seem 
that there was probably a second brood ; liis former captures were made in June 
and were lai'ge specimens. — E. N. Bloomfield, Guestling Rectory : Dec, 190-1. 

Notes on a liylit-trap in Hertfordshire. — With reference to Mrs. H. E. Mann's 
note {ante, p. 10) on a moth-trap used at Ditchlingham, Suffolk, I may mention 
tiiat as recorded in the Entomologist from time to time, I have used a trap here for 
some years. Since 1898 I have designed and constructed four traps, the present 
one being an improvement on all the others. Like the " Mandair " mine is not 
fitted with any killing apparatus, so that any specimens not required can be 
liberated in the morning. 

At this one locality I have captured by this means over 300 different species of 
Lepidoptera (including only a few Tinex as I have not worked that group), com- 
prising 4 Sphinges, 29 Bombyce.s; 109 Noctuw, 9(* Geometrx, 70 Pyralides, Crambi, 

Tortrices, &c. 

D 2 

^^ [February, 

My trap is fitted to a first floor wiiulow, about 11 ft. Crom the ground and 
facing south-west. In this direction the ground slopes away from the house, and 
beyond the garden there are several fields and then woods. 

The want of success with some traps is that they are placed too near the 
ground. I do not think that 20 ft. would be too high for the majority of species. 
The liglit should of course be as strong as poss^ible. I generally use a large duplex 
lamp with strong reflector. 

On one occasion I captured over fifty specimens of Anchocelis lunosa in a 
single night, most of which were of course set free in the morning. 

Among the better species taken the following may be named : Chwrocampa 
porvellus, Saruthripus undulartus, Hylophila hicolorana, Litho-na griseola, Tri- 
chiura craixgi, Lasiocampa quercifoUa, Drepana lacertula, D. binaria, Noto- 
donta dictivoides, Pygiera ciirtula, Thyativa batis, Dipterygia scabriuscula, Lupe- 
rina ce/tpUis, Apamea gemina, A. unanimis, A. ophiogramma, Agroti.s puta, 
A. cinerea, A. porphyrea, Tfeniocampa gracilis, Orthosia su^pecta* Xanthia gilvago, 
Calymnia pyraUna, C. dijffinis, C. affinis, Hadena genistce, Asteroscopus sphinx, 
P/usia monela, P. ptdcJirina, Avenfia Jlexula, Eurymene dolobraria, I'ericallia 
syringaria, Selenia lunaria, Oeometra papilionaria, Spilodei palealis,* Acijitilia 
spilodaclylus, Crambus geniculeus, Euzophera pinguis, Phycix betvlas, Hhudophea 
formosa, E. advenella, Hypochalcia ahenella, Oalleria melonella, Aphomia sociella, 
Penthina ochroleucana, Carpocapsa sp/endaria, Xanthosetiu zcegana, A', hamana, &c. 

The two marked with an asterisk have not been recorded from any other 
localities in Hertfordshire. 

I shall be very pleased to compare notes and diagrams with any other entomo- 
logists who have had experience with moth-traps in otlier parts of the country. — 
Philip J. Bareaud, Bushey Heath, Herts : January 3rd, 1905. 

The attitude of Satyrus semele at rest. — In the summer of 1903 Dr. Dixey 
called my attention to the observation by E. 11. A. in " A Naturalist on the prowl " 
(p. 203) that Melauitis ismene, Cram., a common Indian butterfly, often settled 
upon fallen leaves and helped to conceal itself by falling partly on one side. Dr. 
Dixey was anxious to see whether there was among allied butterflies any tendency 
to such a habit upon which natural selection might work. Careful watching Satyrus 
sewieZe satisfietl us that it settles upon the gi'ound "in three motions" — (1) the 
wings are brought together over the back ; (2) the fore-wings are drawn between 
the hind-wings, so as to be for the most part concealed ; (3) the whole insect is 
thrown over to one side to the extent of 30°, 40°, or even sometimes 5u°. They 
appeared to go over to right or left indifferently. 

Subsequently I imprisoned a number of butterflies in a large pasteboard box 
covered with a piece of glass. Under these conditions 1 observed that sometimes 
the third of the above described motions precedes the second. The insects assume 
the sideways attitude or " list " more frequently when settled in sunshine than in 
shadow — of this I am certain. This attitude is mentioned in Barrett's Lepidoptera 
(vol. i, p. 226). 

Other Satyrids were observed in the same box. Epinephele janira often put 
on a list of lo° to 20°; Pararge xgeria and megaira sometimes showed a " list" of 
25°. Lastly, during the summer of 190i several K. hyperanlhus, when in the box, 
showed a " list " of about 2u° 

1905.] 45 

Mj observations on Tiidtaii Satyrids will bo found in a paper read before the 
Entomological Society of London, December 7tli, 19 J4, wliich will I hope a[)pear in 
the Transactions for 190J. — Gr. B. Longstaff, Highlands, Putney Heath, S.W. : 
January Wth, 1905. 

Harpalits discoideus, F., and Metoecus paradoxus, L., at Leightoii Buzzard. — 
In a recent number of the Ent. Mo. Mag. (April, 1901), the capture of a black $ , 
Harpalus discoideus, is recorded by Mr. Jennings from Brandon. 

As bearing upon the variation in the colour of the male of this rare beetle, as 
well as for other considerations of interest, it may be well to give a few particulars 
of its appearance here. 

During the past July, August, and September, I have succeeded in taking in 
this neighboui'hood twenty-four examples of the S , together with which I was 
present when two or three more were taken by my brother, Mr. L. R. Crawshay, 
and it is interesting to note that all without exception were bright green in colour. 
Nor does Canon Fowler in his " British Coleoptera " nicntion the black form of 
the (J . I may add that ? s occurred in about equal proportions to the c? s, together 
amounting to fifty specimens. I do not know whether H. discoideus has previously 
been recorded from this part of Bedfordshire, though Canon Fowler mentions 
Woburn, 9 miles distant, and Sandy, on the other side of the county, as localities. 

As to its habitat here, it seems to be partial to a cultivated sandy soil rather 
than heaths and poor sandy places, for, although my search for it had previously 
been directed especially towards the latter, two specimens only occurred there, 
wliile the remainder were taken on the borders of three different ploughed fields in 
which the remains of manure were visible, and which were occupied at the time by 
crops of a late potato. Mr. C. O. Waterhouse kindly looked over half of these 
specimens and confirmed them. 

Of Metoecus paradoxus, L., one specimen, a $ , beaten from a birch bush by my 
brother, Mr. L. R. Crawshay, on September 3rd, 1902, revealed the presence of this 
species of beetle in the neighbourhood of Leighton Buzzard. 

In 19D3 further casual beating was without success. This year I resolved to 
search for it in wasps' nests, and met with the following results. 

Out of five nests examined, four (Fetpa vulgaris, Linn.), contained Metoecus in 
one stage or another of its existence, together with larvse, pupse, and imagines of 

In the fifth nest {Vespa germaiiica. Fab.) from which the beetle was absent, all 
the cells but six had been vacated by the wasps, and nearly all the community were 
gone. The nests were situated on the borders of a wood, within three quarters of a 
mile of each other, and of the place where the original ^ had been discovered. 

The following particulars of these nests may be interesting : — 


number of Metoecus paradoxm 
Community. Destroyed, wasps present. present. 

: 1 larra. 

No. l.— Vespa vulgaris, Liini Sept. 2Uth 5257 24 j 16 pupae. 

(. 7 imagines. 

'So.2.— Vespagermanica,Fiih Sept. 20th 150 None. 

No. 3.— Vespa vulgaris, Linn Oct. 4th 1500 9 j g unagines. 

No. 4!.— Vespa vulgaris, hum Oct. 4th 300 1 pupa. 

No. 5. — Vespa vulgaris, Jjinn Oct. 13th 2036 1 imago. 

^g [February, 

Tn 8omo cases many of tlio wasps liad left, the coin m unity, and with tliem pre- 
sumably most of the beetles, the latter being on the wing early in September. The 
imagines of Metcecu.i present were enclosed in sealed cells, and some of them seemed 
to have been dead some time. Nor do I think there remained siitlicient warmth in 
the season to develop any of the pupae. 

On completing the digging out of the nearly empty comb of Ve-ipa gennanica 
on September 29th, nine days after the community had been destroyed, I observed 
a beetle on the wing, which I recognised as Meicecus, hovering round the trunk of 
an oak close to the wasps' nest. I knocked it down with my hat and captured it, 
a (? . My brother then observed a 9 on the same tree. She was searching the bark 
with her ovipositor and paused apparently to lay, though we did not see any eggs, 
for the bark contained deep crevices in which presumably they would be hidden if 
there were any. This V ™y brother captured. 

On October -Ith, on revisiting the spot, I observed another ? Metaecus resting 
on the same tree on which the first was taken five days previously. 

She did not appear to be laying or making any movement. The day was cold. 
Upon examination she appeared to me to have laid her eggs already for the 
abdomen was rather small and contracted. She died two days afterwai'ds witliout 
laying in confinement. 

It seems likely that both these ? s laid at least a portion of their eggs on this 
tree, i.e., on living bark. Their close proximity to the nest of Vespa <jennanica would 
not be enough to establish any connection between them for, lOu yards away, was a 
nest of Vespa vulgaris, in which Metcecu.s was subsequently found, and whence the 
three beetles in question may have come. — GtEoegb A. Crawsuay, Leighton 
Buzzard : November dtk, 1904. 

Tetratoma fungorum, F., at Sherwood Forest. — In the third week of October 
last I took a considerable number of this fungus-feeding beetle; they all occurred 
either on the under-side of Boleti growing on birch, or in the root where the Boletus 
joins the tree. All were found on this year's growth of fungi ; the most diligent 
search, however, completely failed in finding any trace of either larva or pupa in the 
old growth. Should this insect be a desideratum of any Colcopterist I shall be 
much pleased to supply specimens. — J. Kidson Taylor, 35, South Avenue, Buxton : 
December 2Uh, 1904. 

Clinocara tetratoma. Thorns., in Uerhyshire. — On June 11th, 1904, I beat out 
of hazel, in Miller's Dale, a single specimen of this rather uncommon species ; on 
the same day, also by beating hazel, an example of Polydrusus micans occurred to 
me. Of the former the only record for this district appears to be Repton, Burton- 
on-Trent (Q-arneys) ; and of the latter, Bretby Wood, Eepton (Canon Fowler's 
British Coleoptera). — Id. 

The flight of Ehizotrogus solstitialis, Linn. — With regard to the flight of 
Ehizotrogus solstitialis, L., referred to by Dr. Norman Joy {ante p. 1 7) in his in- 
teresting contribution to our knowledge of the habits of the rarer S. ochraceus, 
Enoch, I may mention that our commoner chafer also not infrequently flies by day 



and often towards the close of the afternoon. In some years, during June and July 
"summer chafers" are very common in East Dorset, and are eagerly chased by 
poultry, which are very partial to them, and soom become adepts in their capture 
of them as tlie insects skim along a foot or so above the ground. I referred to this 
circumstance in notes fo (I think) the " Naturalist's Journal," 1899, and " Science 
Gossip," January, 1900. I am unaware whether the chafers also circle round trees, 
high up, as described by Mr. Joy, but they would probably be found to do so. — 
E. J. B. Sopp : January, 1905. 

Limotettix xfactogala, Fieb., at Ryde. -Hhe tamarisk bushes on the front at 
Ryde, I. W., contained this species in the greatest profusion, as I was enabled to 
observe from September 25th to October 9th this year, though a cursory examina- 
tion of the same plant in similar situations at Cowes on October 8th failed to reveal 
a single individual. . At the former locality the insect could be counted in its 
thousands ; a thick hedge half a mile long was often covered with them, but their 
colour so well assimilated with that of their pabulum that they were quite incon- 
spicuous. They often, I noticed, congregate in groups of eight or ten, and were on 
several occasions found in cop. ; one spider's web, an inch and half in diameter, 
contained eleven examples. They appear to prefer the base of the outermost, 
though not the highest, shoots, and fly freely in the sunshine. On the later date, 
after a biting northerly breeze, their numbers were less, though their vitality 
appeared to have been but very slightly impaired. Mr. E. A. Butler, who first 
detected it in Britain {cf. Ent. Mo. Mag., 1902, p. 215), tells me that it was abso- 
lutely swarming where he found it, and that he expects it occurs in most places 
where tamarisk grows —though I have failed to find it in Suffolk. — Claude Moklet, 
Monks' Soham, Suffolk : December, 1904. 

Schizocerox furcafus, ViJl., at Chattenden Roughs. — Mr. Morice, when kindly 
looking over my saw-flics a short time ago, detected a specimen of this rare insect, 
taken by me at Chattenden Roughs in June, 1896, but overlooked until now. As 
its present occurrence in Britain has been doubted by him in his " Help Notes" he 
asked me to record it. My specimen is a male. An example (male) of the other 
species {yeminatus, Gir.) was taken by Mr. Morice himself tiiis spring when col- 
lecting with me on May 25th. It was sitting on the hedge in the valley below my 
house where so many rare insects have occurred. — A. J. Ciiitty, Faversham : 
January 1st, 1905. 

Limnophilus elegans in the Isle of Man. — In a box of Trlcho^dera recently sent 
to me for determination by Dr. R. T. Cassal, and taken by him in the Isle of Man 
during last season, I was delighted to see three specimens (all males) of the rare 
Limnophilus elegans. Dr. Cassal had taken them near Ballaugh, in the northern 
part of the Island, during the first fortnight in June. Old recorded localities for 
the species are the New Forest and Dclamere Forest, but in recent years it seems 
only to have been taken at Rannoch, and there very sparingly. Its occurrence in the 
Isle of Man is very interesting.— Geo. T. Pobritt, Huddersfield : Jan. lith, 1905. 

48 [February, 


BiuMiNGHAM Entomological Society : October \lth, 1904.— Mr. G. T 
Bethttnb-Baker, President, in the Chair. 

Mr. J. T. Fountain showed Callimorpha domlnula, L., from Devon, and gave 
an account of his difficulties in breeding them. Though treated in various ways lie 
failed to find any way by which to avoid getting the greater portion cripples. He 
also showed Lasiocampa quercus, L., bred from larvae taken in Sutton Park in 
March and April. They included light males and also dark ones, which were 
apparently var. calhinx, Palm. ; also there were two of the dark ones with very 
diaphanous wings, though evidently perfect and with complete cilia to the wings, 
yet they looked as if rubbed, owing appai-ently to deficient sealing on the outer 
third of each wing. Mr. H. W. Ellis, a collection of Rht/nckophora, &c., and gave a 
general account of them, and referred to tlie local records. Mr. R. C. Bradley, 
Thriptocera bicolor, Mg., three specimens bred from Lasioeampa quercus larvae, 
from Sutton Park, by Mr. W. H. Williamson in 1904. 

November 2.\st, 1904.— The President in the Chair. 

Mr. A. H. Martineau exhibited from Mr. H. Stone, F.L.^., a collective cocoon 
made by some Lepidopterous larvae. Information was lacking as to the species and 
its place of origin. It consisted of one large cocoon about 6'' x 4", with a thick, 
hard brown integument containing a considerable number of ordinary brown 
cocoons massed inside. The pupae were empty, but there was no obvious means of 
exit, and the interior was closely packed with the material o< the cocoons so that it 
was not easy to judge how the moths had emerged. Mr. B. S. Searle showed 
Lepidoptera from various localities and a box of foreign Coleoptera. The Kev. 
C. F. Thornewill read a paper upon "The Genus Eupithecia, especially in relation 
to Breeding them from the Larvae." He had given special attention to the genus 
and had reared a large proportion of the species at various times, and he gave a 
good deal of interesting information about the life-histories and habits of many of 
the species.— CoLBBAN J. Wainwbight, Hon. Secretary. 

Lancashiee and Cheshire Entomologicai Society. — By the kindness of 
the Chester Society of Natural Science, an ordinary meeting was held in the 
Grosvenor Museum, Chester, on Monday, November 21st, 1904. Mr. Eichaed 
"Wilding, Vice-President, in the Chair. 

The following gentlemen were elected Members of the Society : Messrs. C. M. 
Adams, F.C.S. (Southport), Rd. S. Bagnall, F.E.S. (Winlaton-on-Tyne), J. H. 
Leyland (Ormskirk), W. C. Boyd (Cheshunt), John F. Dixon-Nuttall (Prescot), 
Rd. Hancock (Handsworth), and E. E. Lowe (Plymouth). 

Mr. Robert Newstead, A.L.S., F.E.S., Hon. F.R.H.S., gave a most interesting 
lecture on "The Collections in the Grosvenor Museum," copiously illustrated with 
lantern slides ; and, through the kindness of Mr. Newstead, the whole of the 
Museum was open to the inspection of Members, and the more interesting exhibits 
were explained by him. Amongst interesting exhibits examined during the evening 
were a living specimen of the male of Lecayiium hesperidum shown by Mr. Newstead. 
This he had recently bred from a colony of Coccids which had been under observa- 

19^5. J 49 

tion for the past three or four years ; the example being the first authentic one 
observed, although the male had been searched for since the time of Linna;us. Mr. 
J. J. Richardson exhibited a series of exotic Lepidoptera mounted in frames, with 
slips of glass so arranged as to allow of the examination of the under-sides. Mr. 
J. R. Charnley, F.E.S., showed 14 specimens of insects in amber from the North 
Coast of Germany, both the insects and clearness of some of the pieces of amber 
being much admired. Anisotoma furva from Crosby was exhibited by Mr. Wilding, 
and a selection of British Lepidoptera by Mr. W. Mansbridge, F.E.S., &c. — E. J. B. 
Sopp a)id J. R. le Tomlin, Son. Secretaries . 

Entomological Society of London : Wednesday, December 1th, 1904. — 
Professor E. B. Poulton, M.A., D.Sc, F.R.S., President, in the Chair. 

Mr. Horace A. Byatt, B.A., of the Colonial Office, and Mr. J. C. Winterscale, 
F.Z.S., of Kurangan, Kedah, Penang, Straits Settlements, were elected Fellows of 
the Society. 

Mr. H. St. J. Donisthorpe exhibited Qiiedias nigrocaeruleus, taken by Mr. H. 
C. DoUman in a rabbit hole at Ditchiing, Sussex, this being the fourth recorded 
British specimen. Professor T. Hudson Beare, a specimen of the rare Longicorn, 
Tetropium castaneum, L., taken about two years ago in the vicinity of the quays at 
Hartlepool, and probably introduced. Mr. G. J. Arrow, a series of Passalidse from 
the Burchell Collection mentioned in his paper recently read before the Society, and 
remarked that Burchell had at the time of their capture some seventy years ago 
already noted their powers of producing a musical sound. Mr. C. O. Waterhouse, 
drawings prepared for exhibition in the Natural History Museum illustrating the 
development of the front wing in the pupa of the Tusser Silk Moth, showing the 
relation of the tracheae to the veins ; also some coffee berries from Uganda injured 
by a small beetle belonging to the Scolytidse, and two Coleopterous larvte from the 
Burchell Collection from Brazil, submitted to him for determination by Prof. 
Poulton. One was a Heteromerous larva two inches long, much resembling the 
\ax\& oi Helops ; the more interesting one was noted by Burchell to be luminous, 
and appeared to be the larva of an Elaterid. Mr. J. J. Walker, the type-specimen 
of Haplothorax barchelli, G. R. Waterhouse, from the Hope Collection, Oxford 
University Museum, a remarkable Carabid discovered by Burchell in St. Helena; 
it is now exceedingly rare in its sole locality, the late Mr. Wollaston, during his 
visit to the island in 1875-6, having entirely failed to find the beetle alive, though 
its dead and mutilated remains were often met with. The President, cases showing 
the results of breeding experiments upon Papilio cenea conducted by Mr. G. F. 
Leigh, who had for the first time bred the trophonius form from trophonius itself; 
also a photograph, taken by Mr. Alfred Robinson of the Oxford University Museum, 
showing the Xylocopid model and its Asilid mimic exhibited by Mr. E. E. Green 
at a previous meeting ; the example was particularly interesting, inasmuch as Mr. 
Green's record of the mimic circling round its model tended to support the view 
that the bee is the prey of the fly. 

Dr. T. A. Chapman read a paper on Erebia palarica, n. sp., and Erebia stygne, 
chiefly in regard to its association with E. evias in spain ; describing Erebia pala- 
rica, he said it was a new species from the Cantabrian range, phylogenetically a 



recent offshoot of E. stygne, and the largest and most brilliant in colouring of all 
the known members of the family. 

Dr. G-. B. Longstaff gave an account of his entomological experiences during a 
tour through India and Ceylon, October 10th, 1903, to March 10th, 1904, illustra- 
ting his remarks by exhibiting some of the insects referred to, and lantern slides of 
the localities visited. 

Wednesday, January 18th, 1905 : The 71st Annual Meeting— The Presi lent 
in the Chair. 

After an abstract of the Treasurer's accounts, showing a good balance in the 
"Society's favour, had been read by one of the Auditors, Mr. Herbert Goss, one of 
the Secretaries, read the Report of the Council. It was then announced that the 
following had been elected Officers and Council for the Session 1905-1906. Presi- 
dent Mr. Frederic Merrifield ; Treasurer, Mr. Albert H. Jones ; Secretaries, Mr 
H. Rowland- Brown, M.A., and Commander James J. Walker, R.N., F.L.8. 
Librarian, Mr. Greorge C. Champion, F.Z.S. ; and as other Members of the Council 
Mr. G-ilbert J. Arrow, Lieut. -Colonel Charles Bingham, F.Z.S. , Dr. Thomas A 
Chapman, F.Z.S., Mr. James Edward Collin, Dr. Frederick A. Dixey, M.A., Mr 
Hamilton H. C. J. Druce, F.Z.S., Mr. Herbert Goss, F.L.S., Mr. William John 
Lucas, B.A., Professor Edward B. Poulton, D.Sc., F.R.S., Mr. Louis B. Prout, Mr 
Edward Saunders, F.R.S., F.L.S., and Colonel John W. Yerbury, R.A., F.Z.S. 

The President referred to the loss sustained by the Society by the deaths of the 
Treasurer, Mr. Robert McLachlan, F.R.S., Mr. Charles G. Barrett, and other 
Entomologists. He then delivered an Address, in which he discussed the part 
played by the study of insects in the great controversy on the question, " Are 
acquired habits hereditary ?" He argued that the decision whether Lamarck's 
theory of the causes of evolution is or is not founded on a mistaken assumption 
larcely depends upon evidence supplied by the insect world, and finally concluded 
that the whole body of facts strongly supports Weismann's conclusions. At the 
end of his Address the President urged that the study of insects is essential for the 
elucidation and solution of problems of the widest interest and the deepest signifi- 
cance. Prof. Meldola, F.R.S., proposed a vote of thanks to the President and other 
Officers ; this was seconded by Mr. Verrall, and carried.— H. Goss, Hon. Secretary. 



{Continued from vol. xl, page 245). 

1. H. gracilis Stann. : this large and very distinct species occurred 

in abundance in Wicken Fen in July, 1875 , and I have found 
it also at Tuddenham and Brandon, both of which are within 
a few miles of Wicken. Away from this neighbourhood I 
have taken it at Penzance in Cornwall and at Ravenglass in 

2. H. crefifer Walk. : not uncommon in Cornwall and in the Lake 


1905.] 51 

3. H. germanus Wied. : I cannot satisfactorily distinguish this at 

present from the next species, but I believe they are two 
distinct species, and that both occur in Britain. 

4. S. chcerophylli Meig. : a small common species, which often occurs 

in abundance on the flowers of TJmbellifercd. 

5. H. nigriplantis Stann. : the only place where I have found this is 

Snailwell in Cambridgeshire, where it used to be not uu- 
common from June to September on a wooden sluice down 
which water was running. Col. Terbury has taken one 
specimen at Porthcawl in Glamorgan, and Mr. C. G. Lamb 
one at Wells in Somerset. 

6. H. nigripennis Fall. : a small blackish species, with a rather long 

proboscis, very similar to Orthochile, but its proboscis is not 
nearly so long as that of Orthochile. Common from Corn- 
wall to the Highlands of Scotland. 

7. R. chrysozygos Wied. : this very pretty and very distinct species 

was abundant at Wicken in July, 1875, even occurring in 
ditches close to " The Five Miles from Anywhere." I have 
since taken it at Chippenham Fen, and even on a window in 
this house. 

8. H. plagiatus Lw. : I introduced this species as British on a speci- 

men taken at Abbey Wood in Kent on July 24th, 1870, and 
a few specimens have since occurred at TJpware and Tudden- 
ham near here. 

9. H. fulvicaudis Walk. : this still remains recorded as British from 

only a single male found near Bristol, and taken probably 
at least 70 years ago ; that is, however, the specimen from 
which the species was originally described. It has since 
been recorded as not uncommon in Germany, and I possess 
several specimens from Mecklenburg, while Kowarz has 
recorded it from Hungary. 

10. H. atrovirens Lw. : I caught one male at Footscray in Kent on 

July 7th, 1869, and Dr. D. Sharp took a female in the New 
Forest in June, 1902. 

11. H. parvilmnellatus Macq. : I took a few specimens at Blackboys 

in Sussex on June 15th, 1876. 

12. H. nanus Macq. : various localities in Sussex, Surrey, Cambs., 

Suffolk and Norfolk. 

B 2 

52 [February, 1905. 


1 (2) Front tarsi with last joint very much dilated 1. discipes Ahr. 

2 (1) Front tarsi simple 2. obscurelhis Fall. 

1. H. discipes Ahr. : I cauji^ht a male in July, 1880, which is labelled 

" Snailvvell ?." I do not know why I put the ?, as I believe 
I know exactly where I took it ; possibly it is the date which 
is doubtful. I caught a female at Bowiiess in Westmorland 
on June 23rd, IS89, which almost certainly belongs to this 

2. TI. obscurcUus Fall. : easily recognised by its long yellow genitalia. 

It has occurred in numerous localities from Clapton Leigh 
to Inveran. 


0. nigrocoerulea Latr. : I took a pair at Leigh in Essex on June 18th, 

1871, and a male at Lee in Kent on June 15th, 1875 ; more 
recently I took a specimen at Wicken on June 27th, 1903, 
and Mr. F. Jenkinson has taken several specimens in and 
near Cambridge. 

All the species have black postocular cilia and black fringed squamae. 

1 (2) Femora mainly blackish ; middle tibiae thickened and twisted at tip... 

1. cupreuft Fall. 

2 (1) Femora yellow, or almost so. 

3 (4) Costa dilated on a streak near base 2. ceJer Meig. 

4 (3) Costa normal. 

5 (8) M^oderate sized species. 

6 (7) Antennae wholly black ; blackish-green species 3. metallivus Stann. 

7 (6) Antennae pale at extreme base ; steel-blue species... 4. chah/bseus "Wied. 

8 (5) Small species. 

9 (10) Face white 5. assimilis Stseg. 

10 (9) Face black 6. mrosus Fall. 

1. O. cupreus Fall. : a common species, easily known by its black 

femora, and the peculiar dilated and twisted tip of the 
middle tibias of the male. 

2. G. celer Meig. : also a common species, easily recognised by the 

costa of the male being swollen for a rather long space near 
the base. 

3. O. metallicus Stann. : I first found this in abundance in Epping 

Forest on June 16th, 1872, and I have since taken it in 
Sussex, Suffolk, and Norfolk. 

Ent. Monthly Mag. 1905. Plate 1. 


VIII. St. 

K.J. del. 

West, Newman lith. 

-March, 1905. | gg 

4. O. chalyhcBUS Wied. : when I first caught this, at Ormesby Broad 

in June, 1S80, I at once concluded that it was new to 
Britain, because of its brilliant steel-blue colour. It was 
not at all uncommon there, and I have since taken it at 
Lymington, Hants. The blackish hind tibise distinguish it 
in both sexes. 

5. G. assimilis Staeg. : not uncommon near Upware (but not in 

Wicken Fen) in July, 1875. J have also taken it at Chip- 
penham Fen, in the Norfolk Broads, and at Rannoch, 

6. O. aerosus Fall. : the commonest small species over all Britain, 

and easily known by the black face of the male. The femora 
are always rather darkened above, but a common variety {Q. 
Dahlbomi Zett.) has the femora, especially the front pair, 
considerably more obscured. The var. is most common in 
Scotland, and, as Zetterstedt observed, seems to be a little 
larger than typical G. cerosuts. 


This genus may be allied to Gi/mnopternus, where its acrostical 
bristles would place it ; or, as is more commonly considered the case, 
to Sympycnus. 

L. elegans Meig. : very uncommon at present, though possibly from 
its being overlooked. I have taken single males at Lynd- 
hurst, Landport near Lewes, Wicken, and I think one female 
at Wisbech. 

13. CHRYSOTUS Meig. 
These very small bright green flies are abundant, but in many 
cases are very difficult to name with certainty, Wherever a species 
occurs it is usually in abundance, and consequently series of good 
specimens should be taken in promising spots. Our twelve species 
comprise all except five or six of those known to occur in Europe, and 
two or three more may occur in Britain. A small species, very near 
C. gramineus, has occurred in Norfolk amber. 

1 (4) Femora mainly yellow. 

2 (3) Femora all yellow ; front coxte with black hairs ; comparatively largo 

species 1. neglectus Wied. 

3 (2) Hind femora black at tip ; front coxoe with yellow hairs ; small species... 

2. cilipes Meig. 

4 (1) Femora mainly black. 

5 (8) Hind trochanters and base of femora yellow. 

6 (7) Small species; hind tibise moderately ciliated 3. pulchellus Kow. 



7 (6; 

8 (5 

9 (12 

10 (11 

11 (10 































4. G. 

Fair sized species; hind tibiae strongly ciliated 4. femoratux Zett. 

Hind trochanters black or brown, base of hind femora not jellow. 
Front C0X8B with only pale hairs. 

Face ( cJ ) very narrow but continuous, silvery-white ; palpi small, whitish... 

5. palustris Verr. 
Face (J) broad, greenish-grey ; palpi large, black ; acrostichal bristles 
almost absent 6. Icbsus Wied. 

Front cox£E with black hairs. 

Legs mainly black, i.e., tibiaj may be brownish but never yellow. 

Usual bristles on posterior tibiaj very faint ; front coxae conspicuously 
dirty whitish 7. cupreu.s Macq. 

Usual bristles on posterior tibiae normally conspicuous ; front coxae not 
much, if at all, dirty whitish. 

Face ((J) dull pale green, continuous as the eyes are obviously though 
narrowly separated ; antennae large 8. amplicornis Zett. 

Face mainly concealed by the touching eyes ; front and hind tibiae con- 
siderably ciliated 9. blepharosceles Kow. 

Legs considerably yellow on at least anterior tibiae. 

Middle tibiae bearing only one distinct bristle ; very small species .. 

10. monochietus Kow. 
Middle tibiae with the usual two bristles, the lower one being small. 
Third antennal joint small and rounded ; small species ; hind tibiae usually 
reddish 11. microcerus Kow. 

Third antennal joint not very small ; not vei'j small species ; hind tibiae 
usually blackish. 

Third antennal joint moderately rounded; colour bright... 

12. gramineus Fall. 
Third antennal joint angulated at the tip ; colour dark... 

13. angulicornis Kow. 

necjlectus Wied. : generally distributed all over Britain. 
cilipes Meig. : the habits of this species seem just the reverse 
of those of G. neglectus, as it is local but abundant wherever 
it occurs. I have found it in a few localities ranging from 
the New Forest to the Lake District. 

pulchellus Kow. : this species was introduced as British from a 
pair taken at Rannoch on June 25th, 187l). 

femoratus Zett. : Col. Terbury took several specimens of this 
species at IS'airn from July 4th to 19th, 1904, and I think 
one female at The Mound on July 2nd. 1 had almost intro- 
duced it as British before on some specimens taken by Mr. 
C. (x. Lamb and Dr. D. Sharp in the New Forest in the 
summers of 1901 and 1902, and I am now convinced that I 
had correctly identified those specimens. 

19060 55 

5. C. palustris Verr. : I described this species from three males and 

eight females taken at Seaford on August 25th, 1875 ; I 
caught one more female there on August 8th, 1878. My 
specimens were nearly all in bad condition, and I had almost 
come to the conclusion that they must belong to G. suavis 
Lw. but the capture of a male in very good condition by Col. 
Terbury at Porthcawl on June Sth, 1903, has proved it to be 
abundantly distinct. 

6. G. Icdsus Wied. : a very well distinguished species, being rather 

aberrant from the genus Ghrysotus, through its wide face in 
both sexes, and the almost obliteration of the acrochsetal 
bristles. Not uncommon from Sussex to Suffolk, and Col. 
Terbury has taken it at Porthcawl. 

7. G. cuprem Macq. : well distinguished by the dirty whitish front 

coxae and trochanters, and better still by the minuteness of 
the usual bristles on the posterior tibiae. I have taken it at 
numerous localities from Sussex to Norfolk, and it has 
occurred in my garden ; J have also seen it from Hereford- 
shire. Great care is necessary in distinguishing it from the 
next two species. Our British specimens are as a rule much 
smaller than those taken on the continent, and possibly may 
be distinct, especially as I took four specimens (including a 
pair in cop.) at Three Bridges in Sussex in June, 1892, which 
are fully as large as the continental specimens, and I have 
seen no intermediates ; I cannot, however, detect any other 

8. G. amplicornis Zett. : resembling G. Icesus in size and colour, but 

easily distinguished by the characters given in the table. I 
believe it is not uncommon in the New Forest, and I have 
records from Dolgelley and Windermere. Col. Yerbury has 
taken it at Brodie and Nethy Bridge. 

9. G. hlepharosceles Kow. : I first caught two males and three females 

of this species near Penzance on July Sth, 1871, and I re- 
cognised it near Teignmouth on June 11th, 1883, when I took 
several males, one of which was submitted to Kowarz, who 
confirmed its identification ; since then Col. Terbury has 
taken it at Ledbury in Herefordshire and at Porthcawl in 
Glamorgan, and Mr. Jenkinson in the New Forest and at 
Cambridge. It is comparatively easily separated from the 
previous species by its black haired front coxae, largish size, 

F 2 

56 [March, 

touching eyes of the male, and its almost entirely black front 
coxas ; beyond these characters it is distinguished from C. 
cupreus by its much more bristly and more ciliate front and 
hind tibia?. For many years I considered a number of speci- 
mens caught at Totlaud i^ay in the Isle of Wight as distinct, 
and it is possible that they are C. melampodius Lw. which is 
only known from Sicily, but while I think ihey are brighter 
green than either C. blepharosceles or C. melampodius, 1 
think they must have more ciliate tibiae than C. melampodius, 
and the front coxae more tending to dirty whitish than 
either, though not so much as in G. cupreus. At present I 
refrain from separating them from G. blepharosceles, though 
similar specimens have been taken by Dr. U. Sharp in the 
New Forest. 

10. G. monochoetus, Kow. : I am obliged to refer to this species a very 

small female taken at Abbey Wood near Erith on July J 7th, 

11. G. microcerus Kow. : 1 originally introduced this species as British 

from a few specimens taken at Waterbeach in Cambridge- 
shire, and not as I then stated from Upware which is a short 
distance away on the other side of the Cam. I am still of 
opinion that they were correctly identified, and Kowarz 
himself has corroborated one of the specimens. I think the 
species is slightly smaller than its allies, but none of the 
British specimens show any sign of reddish basal joints of 
the antennse. I have since taken similar specimens at TJp- 
ware, Brandon and Thetford, all of which are within a few 
miles of Waterbeach. 

12. C. gramineus Fall. : I still have no doubt about this being the 

very common little species, distinguished by its bright colour, 
moderately small and moderately blunt antennse, and dis- 
tinctly ciliated hind tibiae. 1 believe it occurs freely from 
Penzance to liannoch, but in searching for the closely allied 
species I have allowed my series to get into a very unsatis- 
factory state ; as, however, it used to occur on the leaves of 
currant bushes in my garden I may probably renew my 
series. I think it possible that it occurs in much drier 
localities than its allies. 

13. G. angulicornis Kow. : I included this species in the Second 

Edition of my List of British Diptera on the strength of 
a number of specimens taken at Lyntou in North Devon on 
Juno 20th, 1883. The species is one of the largest of the 
" gramineus " group, and has the antennae of the male with 
the third joint rather longer and distinctly more pointed. 

1905.] 57 

In order to test myself I mixed up top;ether all my males of 
this group, aud as a result all the seven Lyiiton specimens 
were separated from the rest without my being able to see 
the locality labels ; I also took one female, which sex is 
at present undescribed, but I will not attempt to give its 
distinctive characters without more material. It is most 
probable that Kowarz's C. varinns also occurs among the 
unidentified specimens of this group, but I do not sufficiently 
recognise it at present. 

(To be continued). 



In the course of re-arranging the Muscidcs {sensu latiore) in the 
General Collection of Diptera in the British Museum, the writer has 
had occasion to examine a series of British specimens of the above- 
mentioned genus, recently collected and presented by Lieut. -Colonel 
Terbury. The result of this examination shows that Erigone pec- 
tinata, Girschner, and E. trmicata, Ztt., must be added to the British 
List ; while E. intermedia, Ztt., which is given in italics in Verrall's 
"List of British Diptera'' 2nd Ed. (1901), p. 25, must be confirmed. 
Erigone intermedia was introduced (under Nemorcea) by the late 
Mr. Meade (Ent. Mo. Mag., ser. 2, vol. ii, 1891, p. 232), who had 
identified two males from Mr. F. Walker's collection as belonging 
to this species. 

Erigone (Echinosoma) pectinota, Girschner (Entomologische 
Nachrichten, vii, Jahrg., ISSl, pp 277-279, Fig. I a-c), of which a 
single $ was taken by Col. Terbury at Tarrington, Herefordshire, on 
August 1st, 1902, really belongs, owing to the elongation of the 
second joint of the antennse, to the genus Eurgtliia, Kob.-Desv. This 
has been pointed out by Girschner himself (Wiener Entomologische 
Zeitung, xvii, Jahrg., 1898, p. 151), and by Brauer (SB. K. Akad. 
Wiss. Wien, math.-naturw. CI., Bd. cvii, 1898, p. 531). Eor the 
classification of our limited British fauna, however, it will suffice to 
follow the scheme given by Brauer in the Verhandlungen der k. k. 
zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, Jahrgang 1893, p. 513, 
where Eurythia is regarded as a sub-genus of Erigone. E. pectinata 
was originally described from the $ , and unfortunately the ^ appears 
to be still unknown. As pointed out by Girschner in his original 
paper (Ent. Nachr., 1881, p. 277), the ? exhibits a deceptive resem- 

58 [Mfirch, 

blanee to a SnrcopJiofja, which is perhaps increased by the fact that 
the bend of the fourth vein is provided with a short iippendix, — in 
this case, however, a genuine stump, not a fold {ZinJcenfaUe of 
German authors) as in Sarcopliaga. The ? from Tarrington 
is 10 mm. in length, and the shimmering pollinose patches on the 
aeneous abdomen are very conspicuous in different positions ; in this 
specimen the second and thii-d joints of the antenna are approxi- 
mately equal in length : the scutellum, as indicated by Girschner, 
is entirely dark. A remarkable characteristic of E. pectinata, in the 
? sex at any rate, is the absence of fronto-orbital bristles from the 
middle area of the front ; this has already been alluded to, although 
somewhat vaguely, by Girschner (Wien. Ent. Z., 1898, p. 152). In 
the Museum specimen, after the two uppermost fronto-orbital 
bristles, there is a gap, which is filled merely by fine hairs, and the 
bristles only re-appear about 1 or 1| mm. above the base of the 
antennae. For further notes on this species the reader should 
consult Girschner (Wien. Ent. Z., loc. c/'f.). 

Of Erigone iniermedia, Tiii., Col. Terbury took three $ ^ and 
three ? ? at Porthcawl, Glamorganshire, South Wales, between 
May 12 and July 1, 1903 inclusive. This is a blackish species of 
moderate size (length 8 to 9 mm.) with faint bands of greyish pollen 
on the abdominal segments from the second to the fourth, and with 
the front tarsi but little expanded in the ? . All of the specimens 
taken by Col. Yerbury show a very small appendix at the bend of 
the fourth vein, as also a small costal spine. 

Erigone truncata, Ztt., is represented by a series of seventeen 
specimens, of which eleven (eight (J(^,and three ? ?) were taken 
at Aviemore, Tnverness-shire, between May 19 and July 5, 1904, inclu- 
sive ; the remainder include a ^ from Glenmore, Inverness-shire, June 
1, 1904 ; two ^ ^ and two ? ? from Golspie, Sutherlandshire, July 
11-29, 1904 ; and a single ? from Porthcawl, Glamorganshire, June 4, 
1903. The length of the <$ S varies from 7 to 9 mm., that of the ? ? 
from about 8 to 9| mm. This is a rather pretty little species, which 
may be recognised by the broad bands of silvery-grey pollen on the 
abdominal segments from the second to the fourth ; these bands 
occupy rather more than the anterior half of each segment, though 
towards the middle line they become less distinct in certain lights. 
The species is further distinguished by the elongation of the second 
joint of the arista, and by the great breadth of the third joint of the 
antenna in the ^ . There is a well-marked appendix to the bend of 
the fourth vein, and a conspicuous costal spine. It is pointed out by 

1905.] 59 

Girsehner (Wien. Ent. Z., 1898, p. 152) that additional dia<2;nostic 
characters are furnished by the presence of an anterior intra-alar 
bristle, and by the colour of the frontal stripe (Stirnstrieme) ; in 
certain positions the whole of the front, including the frontal stripe, 
appears whitish or cinereous. The ? is remarkable for the fact that 
the front tarsi are scarcely, if at all, expanded. 

In Verrall's " List of British Dijjfera," 2nd Ed., Dec. 1901, p. 25, 
Erigone afpendiculata., Macq., is among the species given in italics 
as requiring confirmation Brauer (SB K. Akad. Wiss., &c., Bd. 
cvii, p. 540) mentions the species in question as a possible synonym 
of E. trimcata, Ztt. ; but if we rely upon Macquart's original 
figures of the head and antenna of the ^ of his species (Ann. Soc. 
Ent. Er., IT, T. 6, 1848, PI. 6, Figs. 3, 3«) this cannot be so, since the 
third joint of the antenna is apparently not expanded at all. Again, 
the species introduced by the late Mr. Meade (Ent. Mo. Mag., 2 
ser., vol. ii, 1891, pp 230-231) as Nemorcea appendiculaia, Macq , and 
determined from a single ^ in Mr. Dale's collection, must also be 
distinct, since Meade states that the scutellum is '• quite black," 
whereas in E. truncata, Ztt,, it is conspicuously redish on the distal 

It is hoped that the facts thus briefly set forth may serve to 
establish the right of the two species forming the main subject of thia 
paper to be regarded as real additions to the List of British Dipfera, 
and British students of the Order will doubtless agree that the 
indefatigable collector to whose efforts the additions are due, is 
heartily to be congratulated upon the result. 

Those who wish to make a further study of the difficult genus 
Erigone, should on no account neglect Brauer's paper (SB. K. Akad. 
Wiss. Wien., math.-naturw. CL, Bd. cvii, 1898, pp. 530-540), to 
which reference has already been made above, and without which 
the present contribution would have been impossible. A tabular 
system is adopted, enabling many species to be determined, the 
identity of which might otherwise remain doubtful, while the paper 
concludes with an " Alphabetical List of the Species of the Group 
Erigone, and their probable Synonymy." One somewhat discon- 
certing result of Brauer's statements may be pointed out in closing 
these remarks. According to Brauer (loc. cif., p. 542) Tachina 
strenua, Mg., is a synonym of T. rudis. Fin., which, apud Brauer, is 
the type of the genus Panzeria, Rob.-Desv. ; Panzeria lateralis, Eob.- 
Desv. (Essai sur les Myodaires, p. 69, 1830), being also a synonym. 
So far as may be judged from a careful comparison of the original 
descriptions, Brauer's conclusion as to the synonymy is sound, and it 
follows that the Erigone strenua of Verrall's List (the largest of our 

60 [March, 

British species of the genus), must henceforth be termed E. rudis, 
Fin., while for the species indicated by the latter name in the List 
another designation must be found. The species hitherto regarded by 
the writer as ^. 7'udis, ¥\n., and so labelled by him in the Museum col- 
lection of British Diptera, clearly aho belongs to Panzeria, according 
to Brauer's diagnosis (although the front in the ^J is much wider), and 
it is very closely allied to P. rudis, B'ln. (strenua, Mg.). From the 
latter species, however, it may at once be distinguished by its much 
smaller size, by the wider front of the <^, and by the narrower and 
differently shaped second and following joints of the front tarsi in 
the ? . Unfortunately the E. rudis of our collection (and pre- 
sumably also of Verrall's List) is indefcrminablc by Brauer's paper. 
But, npud Brauer {Joe. ciL, p. 542) Nemorma rudis, Schin., which the 
present species was supposed to be, ^ consohrina, Mg., which is a 
true Erigone (with stout frontal bristles, &c.), and is ])laced by 
Brauer {loc. cii., p. 534) after E. radicum. Fin. It has already 
been stated, however, that our enigmatical species belongs, with the 
true E. rudis, Fin., to what was termed by Brauer in his classification 
of 1893 (Verb. z.-b. Ges. Wien, 1898, p. 513), the "sub-genus" 

British Museum (Natural History), 

Cromwell Road, London, S.W. : 
January 12th, 1905. 



PI. T. 

Skuse^ described S. dasyuri from specimens collected from the 
Australian Tiger-cat, Dnsyurus maculatus, Kerr. The genus and 
species in question were founded on specimens representing two 
genera and two species. One of the species, of which Skuse 
possessed both sexes, is probably the one described by us under the 
name of Ceratophyllus hilli,^ while the other, of which Skuse possessed 
only females, represents the species now generally recognised as S. 
dasyuri. Some considerable controversy on the subject of this insect 
has appeared from time to time, and an admirable epitome of it 
(giving full references) has been published by Mr. W. J. Eainbow.3 
Mr. Carl F. Baker* has recently made several remarks on the genus 

1. Rec. Aust. Mus., ii, 5, p. 78, pi. xvii (1893). 

2. Novit. Zool. xi, p. 622, pi. xi, figs. 43, 44 (1904). 

3. Rec. Aiust. Mus., v, 1, pp. 53-6.") (1903).i^ 

4. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., xxvii, pp. 430, 431 (1904). 

1905.] 61 

Stephanocirciis, which, together with those of Mr. Eaiiibow, present, 
in our opinion, all the important published facts in connection with 
the present species. 

During the last few years we have described no less than three 
new species of fleas belonging to this genus,^ but all from female 
specimens ; and no male of any of the species belonging to the genus 
Stephanocircus has as yet been described. Through the kindness of 
Mr. A. Simson, of Launceston, Tasmania, we have received one male 
and seven females of S. dasyuri, and one male and one female of a 
second species closely allied to S. dasyuri, but quite distinct, which we 
describe for the first time in the present article. 

The specimens of S. dasyuri were taken from the following 
hosts: — Mus velutinus, Perameles gunni, and Dasyurus viaculatus. 
The last-mentioned host also yielded one male and one female of 
Geratophyllus hilli. The two specimens of 8. simsoni were taken off 
Mus veJutinus and Dasyurus maculatus. 

1. — Stephanocircus dasyuri, 8kuse (PI. T, figs. 1. 4). 

The antennae have eleven segments, and the maxillary and labial palpi have 
four and five segments respectively. The male is of special interest, as the 
sexual organs show a close afEnity to HystrichojJsiiUa. The eighth tergite of the 
male of S. dasyuri is narrow above, but gradually widens laterally. The eighth 
sternite, which is very shallowly emarginate has a uniform breadth equal to that of 
the ventral portion of the eighth tergite. This sternite bears a row of three bristles 
and two additional hairs on each side. The clasper (PI. I, fig. 1) is large. It is 
sinuate dorsally near the base, and bears one very long and two short bristles 
proximally of the sinus. The irregularly elliptical distal flap-like process (P) of the 
clasper bears one long lateral bristle and two apical ones, of which latter the upper 
one is short. There are, in addition, a number of minute hairs near the edges. 
The finger (F) is not quite so long as the clasper. It is slender and slightly curved, 
gradually becoming narrower towards the apex, and bearing a number of small hairs 
at the ventral and apical edges. The manubrium (M) is broader in the middle than 
at the base. Its upper edge is nearly evenly curved. The external portion of the 
ninth sternite is not divided niesially. It is slender and somewhat curved, bearing 
on each side at the apex a short spine, and close behind this a long one. Further 
towards the base there are two long bristles, and close to these several shorter ones. 
Between the long bristles and the spines there are three thin hairs. The tenth 
tergite (PI. I, fig. 4) bears only a very few bristles. 

2. — Stephanocircus simsoni, sp. nov. (PI. I, figs. 2, 8, 5). 

Head. — The head of the S is, unfortunately, missing. Our description is 
therefore taken from tin- ? (PI. I, fig. 3). The helmet is rounded in front, especially 
in the upper half. It bears a comb of fifteen spines on each side and a row of very 

5. S. mars, Novit. Zool,, v, p. 544, pi. xvl, fig. 11 (1898).*^ 

S. thomasi, Novit. Zool., x, pp. 318-319, pi. ix, figs. 4, 5 (1903). 
6'. minerva, Novit. Zool., x, p. 319, pi. ix, figs. 6, 7 (1903). 

62 [March, 

small hairs. There are seven genal spines. Between the antennal groove and the 
helmet there are two rows of bristles, the first containing about a dozen small ones, 
and the second seven bristles, of which the third from the top is very long. There 
are five rows of stout bristles on the occiput, as well as some additional bristles. The 
rostrum is slightly longer than in ^. dast/uri. 

Thorax. — The pronotum bears two rows of bristles, and a comb of twenty-five 
or twenty-six spines. Tliere are throe regular rows of bristles on the meso- and the 
metanotum, the former having in addition two dorsal sub-apical slender spines on 
each side. The metathoracic epimerum bears two rows of bristles as in S. dast/uri, 
but the first row contains more bristles, there being in this row in the g of S. simsoni 
six, and in the $ eight bristles. 

Abdomen. — The tergites one to six bear each two rows of bristles. The seventh 
tergite has three rows of bristles in the ? and two in the <?, with an additional 
bristle on the back. Both rows are more extended laterally than in 5. dast/uri, at 
least three bristles of the second row being placed below the stigma on the middle 
segments of iS. simsoni. The numbers of short apical spines on the tergites are in 
the (? 5, 6, 4, 2, 2, 2, on the two sides taken together, the ? having one or two more 
on the anterior segments. Ihe seventh segment bears no such apical spines. The 
bristles on the sternites are also a little more numerous than in S. daxyuri. 

Legs. — The mid and hind coxse are broader atid more rounded than in S. 
dasyuri. The hind tibia bears more bristles on the outer side, and some of its 
dorsal bristles are longer, the longest apical bristle reaching beyond the apex of the 
first tarsal segmert. The first mid tarsal segment is about one-third longer than 
the second, the proportion being 24 : 17. In S. da.<tyuri the proportion is 22 : 20. 
The longest apical bristle of the first hind tarsal segment reaches to the apex of the 
second segment, while the longest bristle of the second segment reaches a little 
beyond the apex of the third. 

Modified Segments. — ^ . The clasping organs are of the same type as those of 
S. dasyuri. The manubrium, however, is more curved, being pointed at the apex. 
The elliptical process of the clasper is shorter. The proximal dorsal bristles are 
accompanied by a single small hair. The finger is rather more slender. The ninth 
sternite is less curved and differently armed. This sternite bears a long bristle near 
the base and another half way towards the apical spines, with some hairs in between. 
The apical spines are decidedly shorter than in S. dasyuri, especially the proximal 
one. The anal tergite (PI. I, fig. 5) is peculiar, bearing on the upper side near the 
apex a very dense patch of short bristles. 

? . The seventh sternite is less deeply emarginate than in -S. dasyuri. The 
eighth tergite (PI. I, fig. 2) bears beneath the stigma a vertigial row of five bristles, 
of which the third is very long, the two lower bristles being more proximal than the 
others. Ventrally this sternite bears about eleven stout bristles and two small 
hairs, besides a number of hairs which stand at and near the conically produced 
apex. Length, 3 mm. 

We have one ^ and ? of this species from Launceston, Tas- 
mania, the male from Mus velufinus and the female from Basyurus 
macula/us, collected by Mr. A. Simson. 
Tring : December 29th, 1904. 

1906.] (53 

uy F. J). MOurcE, m.a., f.k.s. 

1. Pamphilius gtlleniiali, Dahib. 
A ? of thin species waH sent to me for determination by the Kev. 
E. N. Bloonifield in the autumn of last year. It is a very handsome 
insect, and an important addition to our rather meagre list of British 
Lydini. In the tabulation piven in my Help-Notes (Ent. Mo. Mag., 
vol. XV, 2nd ser., p. 243) it should come next to hetuJce, having like that 
species the frons Hwollcn laterally into two strong separated tiihereles, a 
character which at once separates it from the species most resembling 
it superficially, viz., haltratus and pallipea. 

In colour it is black, variegated, as follows, with yellow and red. The insertions 
and scapes of the antenna;, the mouth parts and mandibles, the apex of the cljpeus, 
the frontal tubercles and a patch between each of them and the nearest eye, a patch 
behind each eye, four streaks on the vertex, tlie pronotal tubercles, the tegulse, the 
middle lobe of the raesonotum (at its base), the scutellum and postscutellum, the 
trochanters, femora and tibise, the overlapping edges of the abdominal dorsal rings, 
and the extreme apices of the ventral rings, are creamy -yellow. The fiagellum of 
the antennae, the cenchri, and the tarsi, orange-te.itaceous. The third dorsal ring 
wholly, the fourth in part (obscurely), and the eighth wholly, sordid red. 

Mr. Bloomfield has most kindly presented me with the specimen. 
I understand that he received it from Colchester many years ago as 
halteatus. It is, however, certa\n\j f/yllen/iali, and has been recognised 
as such by Pastor Konow to whom I sent it. (May I be allowed to 
take this opportunity of mentioning that the unique British specimen 
of Sciopteryx costalis recorded some years ago by Mr. Bloomfield is 
also, through his generosity, at present in my collection ?). 

2. Amauronkmatus moricei, Konow. 

'J"hi.s was first described in the Zeitsclirift fiir system. Hvmenop- 
lerologie u. Dipterologie, November, 1902. The ? had occurred in 
France, (I crmany, and England; the ^J only in England, taken by Mr. 
Chitty at Dodington in Kent. Although it bears my name, I was 
merely the " middle man " through whom the British specimens (I (J 
and I ? , both in Mr. Chitty's collection) reached the describer. 

The insect is large and consj)icuous for a Nematid, and it seems 
strange that it should not have been detected sooner. Konow's (Latin) 
diagnosis runs substantially as follows : — 

Testaceous, either entirely or with black markings dorsally, often with the ex- 
treme base of the clypeus and two lateral vittaj on the mesonotum black, sometimes 
with the metanotum also marked with black, and the dorsum of the abdomen more 
or less black fasciated ; saw sheath of ? black margined : mouth, apex of coxee, 

64 [March, 

trochanters, and base of tibiiB whitish ; apex of mandibles brownish ; wings yellow- 
hyaline ; costa and stigma testaceous; the otlier vensB, except at the base, fuscous 
or blackish. 

He points out, further, that the species superficially resembles Pteronux niiliaris, 
but has a duller surface, the stigma much longer and more pointed, the third cubital 
cell much longer in proportion to the fourth, the clypeus much broader and less 
acutely emarginate, &c. 

I have seen no other specimens than Mr. Chitty's, but it should certainly be 
looked for by collectors among their Pteroni of the niiliaris group. 


This species was described for the first time so recently as Sep- 
tember, 1904 (Zeitschr. £. Hym. u. Dipt.), when it was said to be 
known only from Germany (Ei-fiirt and Ulm). I had, however, already 
taken it myself in England, durino; a visit to Mr Chitty at Hunting- 
field, Kent, last Easter ; but as I w^ent abroad soon after the specimen 
was put aside for future examination, and 1 therefore unfortunately 
did not send it to Herr Konow till his description was already 

Unlike the two insects described above, this is but a small and 
very ordinary-looking saw-fly, and I had no idea at the time of capture 
that I had lighted on a good thing. 

The c? is still unknown. I translate here the author's description 
of the ? . 

9 . Black ; with palpi, labrum, sometimes apex of the clypeus, lateral lobes of 
pronotum, tegulse, anus widely and feet, yellow ; venter more or less lurid ; meso- 
pleura sometimes lurid marked ; antennae and apex of saw sheath black ; hind tarsi 
and extreme apex of tibiae dusky ; wings hyaline, veins dusky, costa and stigma 

Ovate ; head and mesonotum pretty densely punctured, almost opaque, shortly 
white-pubescent ; head narrowed behind eyes ; apex of clypeus widely truncate ; 
antennae little longer than abdomen ; fovea above antennae and frontal area hardly 
marked ; vertex thrice as broad as long ; third cubital cell in wings dilated towards 
its apex ; saw sheath more than twice as thick as the cerci ; somewhat narrowed 
towards the apex, its apex rounded. 

Woking: December 9th, 1901. 



According to Dallas (List Hemipt. Ins. Brit. Mus., i, 1851, p. 313), 
the curious family Urostylida is divided into three genera— Urosti/lis 
and Urochela, both provided with ocelli, and Urolabida, having no 
ocelli. The author finds the distinctive marks of the two former in 
the structure of the antennae ; referring to Urostylis the species with 

19U5.] 65 

these organs "' very slender, the basal joint nearly as long as the head 
and thorax," and to Urochela those with the antennse " stouter, the 
basal joint not twice the length of the head, much shorter than the 
head and thorax.' In the B'auna of British India, Rhi/nchota, i, 1902, 
p. 303, Distant maintains the same division. I may observe, by the 
way, that he adduces as a character for the whole family the short 
rostrum, although 1 have as early as in 18S I, in the Berl. ent. Zeitschr., 
described a genus, EurhijncJdocori.s, whose rostrum reaches as far as 
the point of the fourth abdominal segment. 

Mr. Schouteden has now sent to me for determination a species 
belonging to this family (with a short rostrum), possessing distinct 
ocelli, but whose first autennal joint is not twice the length of the 
head and scarcely as long as the pronotum. It could not, therefore, 
be referred to the genus Urostylis, and the body is more elongate and 
the antennae are more slender than in Urochela. The whole habitus 
reminds one of Urostylis. The characters given for these genera by 
Dallas, therefore, require modification, as the new species is un- 
doubtedly, notwithstanding its shorter antennae, a Urostylis. 

There is in fact a character, which seems to be of far greater 
systematic value than the length of the antennse, the structure of the 
spinous odoriferous orifices, a character which, indeed, is reproduced 
in Distant's drawings of these three genera {J. c, figs. 191, 195, 196), 
although he has not attached any particular weight to it. In Urochela 
the basal portion is somewhat tumid and the sulcated spinous apical 
piece short, in Urostylis and Urolabida this, on the other hand, is long. 
Urolahida might almost be regarded as a blind form of Urostylis. 

The new species, whose diagnosis is given below, I have called 

Viridis, glaber ; capite laevi, ocellis distinctis : proiioto remote nigro-punctato, 
margine apicali reflexo, lateribus tenuiter marginatis, apicem versus leviter rotun- 
dafcis, pone medium late sinuatis ; scutello area basali elevata, triangular!, remote 
nigro-punctata, parte apicali depressa, parce fortius nigro-punctata ; hemelytris 
laevibus, solum clavo serie scutellari endocorioque serie juxta suturam clavi crebre 
punctatis, ectocorio remote fortius punctato ; membrana fumato-hyalina ; antennis 
gracilibus, virescentibus, articulo primo pronoto longitudine subaequali, secundo 
primo parum longiore, tertio secundo circiter duplo breviore, nigricanti (reliqui 
desunt) ; rostro medium mesosterni attingente ; tibiis apice tarsisque superne nigri- 
cantibus ; corpore inferne laevi ; mari segmento genitali utrinque processu horizon- 
tali porrecto apicem versus incurvato. Long., (J , 'J mm. 

Hah. : India, Silhet. 
Helsingfors : February , 1905. 

66 LMarch, 


The recent discovery of Malachius barnevillei, Puton, in Britain 
has induced me to re-examine all the MalacMi in my collection, and I 
find that amongst my M. viridis there are three specimens of yet 
another addition to the British list, viz., M. spinosus, Er. These 
examples (I ^ and 2 ?) were captured by myself at Sheerness on 
June 6th, 1869, in company with many M. viridis. The two species 
are readily separated by the form of the apex of the elytra of the 
male, M. spinosus, in fact, being nearly related to M. marginellus, and 
belonging to Mulsant's subgenus Glanoptilus. The structure of the 
antennae and elytral appendages, in both male and female, of all these 
forms is well shown in Mulsant's " Vesiculiferes," Plates 1-3. M. 
spinosus is a common insect in Southern France, Germany, &c., and 
is found in marshy places. 

The Sheerness specimens want the dark elytral setse, which are 
sometimes wanting, according to Mulsant. 

They may be briefly described as follows : — 

Elongate, rather narrow, dull, brassy-green, the front of the head flavous, the 
apex of the elytra rufous or flavous ; clothed with a fine cinereous pubescence, the 
elytra without setse. Antennae very similarly formed in the two sexes, a little 
longer in the <J than in the ? , the basal joint not dilated. Elytra at the base not 
wider than the prothorax, subparallel in the (J , widened towards the apex in the ? ; 
the apex in the S rufous, very deeply, transversely excavate, the upper and lower 
lobes horizontal, about equal in length, the upper lobe with a large, tooth-like, 
emarginate prominence on the inner (sutural) edge beneath, above vphich is a 
setiform appendage ; the apex in the $ broadly fulvous, shining, transversely 

Horsell : February 9th, 1905. 

Some Notes on the British form of Hydroporus hilineatus , Sturm. — Dr. Sharp 
has kindly given me an opportunity of comparing my British examples of H. hili- 
neatus, Sturm, with typical specimens taken in the Hautes Pyrenees. At first 
sight the differences are startling, the typical form has a broad yellow margin 
running all round the thorax and elytra and a broad bright yellow band on the 
disc of each elytron about midway between the suture and the margin, starting close 
to the base and running three quarters of tlie length where it ends abruptly. In the 
British insects, on the other hand, the yellow margin is much less bright in colora- 
tion and altogether fainter, especially round the elytra, and the bands are less dis- 
tinct and in some cases almost wanting, besides which they do not start from so 
near the base of the elytra and they do not end so abruptly. 

There is a variety of H. bHineatus described by Schilsky (in Deutsche Ent. 
Zeitschr., 1892, p. 193), named by him hopffgarteni to which I have been referred 

1905.] 07 

by Dr. Sharp. The variety is named after Baron Hopffgarten who look it in 
Tliuriiigia. In these the outer rim is described by Schilsijy ds being so indistinct that 
the whole insect appears entirely black, while tlie absence of the band on the elytra 
renders the insect scarcely distinguishable from the black varieties of granu- 
laris, L. In colour the British insects would therefore seem intermediate between 
the type and the var. hopffgarteni. Dr. Sharp informs nie that he actually 
possesses specimens from I'huringia agreeing exactly with those taken by me. 

So much for colour : turning to punctuation, in the c? , the punctuation of the 
forms is in my opinion indentical. I have examined them under a I" objective 
( X 55) and both are equally alutaeeous. In the $ this is not the case, the typical 
form is duller and the punctuation and the alutaeeous surface is much finer, and 
may be termed obsolescent, while in the English form it is hardly distinguishable 
from that of the ^ , and the pubescence in the typical form seems so me finer than 
it is in the English specimens. In this connection it must be borne in mind that 
some of thf' $ V of this genus are dimorphic. 

The male characters as described by Mr. Newbery (Ent. Mo. Mag., 1903, p. 223) 
seem to me identical. Under these circumstances the British insects, though widely 
differing from the type, do not appear to me to be worthy of a new varietal, much 
less of a new specific name. I think it probable, however, that they ought really to 
be placed under the variety hopffgarteni, Schilsky, inasmuch as if this variety were 
a distinct species, it is to hopffgarteni, Schilsky, rather than to bilineatus, Sturm, 
that I should refer the British insect. It is much to be hoped that the insect will 
be again turned up at Deal. It should be looked for early in the year about Easter, 
and if not found near the 2nd Battery, a search in the ditches more in the neighbour- 
hood of Sandwich might be tried. — Arthur J. Chittt, 27, Hereford Square, S.W. : 
January \dth, 1905. 

Casual Capture^ of Coleoplera in 1904. — The following records of species of 
Coleoptera met with by me at various times and places during the past year, may 
be of interest to readers of this Magazine : — Nothing of any note turned up until 
April, when a pond at Oxshott produced Bidensus geminus, P., Agabus unguicularis, 
Th., and Philgdrus minutu-i, F., in numbers, and also a couple of Ilyhius xnescens, 
Th. In the same month, at Enfield, a single specimen of Quedius ventralis, Ahr., 
occurred, and from under the bark of a holly Opilo mollis, L., was taken, only, how- 
ever, to be lost a little later whilst bottling something else. 

Three visits to Richmond Park during May, in quest of Anobiuni denticolle,Vz., 
proved successful on each occasion, sixteen specimens in all falling victims to my 
bottle ; the finest example occurred under oak bark, which I removed from a large 
excrescence upon the trunk. Xestolium iessellatum F., was dug out of a decaying 
beech, and Megatoma undata, L., was taken at rest on a portion of the Park 
fencing, whilst Aphodius scybalarius, F., and Aleochara cuniculorum, Kr., occurred 
in the entrances to rabbit burrows. 

At Woolwich, in the middle of May, I was surprised to accidentally discover a 
very strong colony of Helops cwruleus, L., under the bark of a portion of an old 
apple tree which was lying on a piece of garden ground near the middle of the town. 

An unsuccessful visit to Suffolk in search of Anchomenus gracilipes, Duft., 
yielded two additions to Mr. Morley's List of the Coleoptera of the county, viz., 

68 [March, 

Aleochara cuniculorum, Kr., at Lowestoft, from a sand martin's nest in the cliffs, and 
ChcBtocnema sahlbergi, G-jll., near tliilton Broad, from Sphagnum n ia marsh. 

A day spent in ascending Ben Lomond, about the middle of June, produced 
some welcome insects, although nearly all my collecting was confined to within a 
few yards of the path from Rowardennan to the summit: Patrobus septentrionis, 
Dj., P. assimilis, Chaud., Carabus glabratiis Pk., Nebria gtfUenhali, Sch., Miscodera 
arctica, Pk., and Otiorrhynchus maurus, Gyll., occurred under stones ; Aphodius 
lapponum, OryW., was common in dung; Corynbites cttpreus, viiv. xruglnosu.t, F , 
was taken flying in the sunshine ; Rhaglum inquisitor, P., and li. bifasciatum, P., 
were both captured as they were circling round the extreme top of Ben Lomond, 
some thousands of feet above the pinewoods which skirt the Loch ; Bembidium 
atrocceruleum, Steph., was abundant on the shingly shores of Loch Lomond ; and 
Elmis volkmari, Pz., was found under stones in the Loch itself. 

The last fortnight of June spent in the New Porest did not prove to be all that 
I had hoped it would. The following species were taken : Anthaxia nitidula, L., 
a nice series; Conopalpus testaceus, 0!., in dead boughs broken off old oaks ; 
Chrysomela varians, Schall., swept in all its stages from Hypericum ; Pterostichus 
lepidus, P., in the road ; Anoplodera sexguttata, P., not uncommon on UmbelliferiB ; 
Strangalia nigra, L., on Tarious flowers ; Elater eloiigatulus, F., swept under 
pines ; Limnius troglodytes, Ory\\.,t\\xvaevoni specimens in a stream ; and Callicerus 
rigidicornis, Er., in a pit in the Tile Works. 

A few hours at Preshwater Bay resulted in the captui-e of Tychius schneideri, 
Hbst., by sweeping Anthyllis vulneraria, and a single specimen of Cetonia aurata, 
L., which I discovered under a stone at the extreme edge of the cliff. 

Lymington Salterns contributed Sibinia arenarise, Steph., which was not un- 
common at the roots of a species of Arenaria, though in rather poor condition, and 
Bryaxis waterhousei, -Rye, whilst Chewton Grlen yielded Bembidium saxatile, G-yli., 
in some numbers. 

Towards the end of July Richmond Park produced a nice series of Dorcatoma 
flavicornis, ¥., and in the same oak dead specimens of Anitys rubens, Hoff., were 
found ; from this tree I have previously taken Paromalus flavicornis, Hbst., some- 
what commonly. 

At St. Mai'garet's Bay, about the middle of August, Apion limonii, Kirby, was 
found under Statice limonium, and Ceuthorrhynchidius dawsoni, Bris., and Otiorrhyn- 
chus ligneus, 01., on the cliffs, all three in abundance, and Ocypus pedator, Gr., and 
Bryaxis waterhousei, Rye, were taken on a narrow ledge just above the point 
reached by high tides. Alianta plumbea, Wat., and Aleochara algarum, Pauv., 
occurred under seaweed, together with swarms of Cafius xantholoma, Gr., and 
Cercyon depressus, Steph. 

At Lyminster, Sussex, Megarthrus denticollis. Beck, was taken from refuse on 
the banks of a watercress bed, and Arundel Park produced Cryptophagus, 

A visit to Mr. Pool at Enfield, at the end of August, resulted in the capture of 
RypophloBUs bicolor, 01., in abundance in elm bark, Megarthrus sinuatocollis, Lac, 
and M. depressus, Pk., in rotten fungus, and Leptacinus batychrus, G-yli., whilst 
from swarms of Litargus bifasciatus, V., which turned up after dark on the lee side 
of an old beech, I succeeded, with the aid of a lantern, in picking out a fine speci- 
men of Lamophlaeus bimaculatus, Pk. — E. C. Bedwell, Elmlea, Clevedon Road, 
Norbiton : January IQth, 1905. 

1905.] 69 

Sti-angalia aurulenta, Fah., in. Devonshire. — About the middle of August, 1900 
I took a specimen of StrangaHa aurulenta, F., in Harpford Woods, near Sidmouth, 
South Devon. It is a female, and when found was clinging to the almost perpendi- 
cular trunk of an oak about four feet from the ground. I do not know if the species 
has been recorded from this locality before. — II. Gr. Attlee, 153, Beechcroft Road 
Upper Tooting, S.W. : Decemher 1904. 

Telropium castaneum, L., at Esher. — I observe in the Ent. Mo. Mag. for 
February last that a specimen of tlio rare Longicorn, Tetropium castaneum, L., was 
exhibited at the Entomological Society on December 7th, 1904, and it was said that 
it was probably introduced. I took one s^pecimen on June 22nd, 1902, in the 
Pine Woods at Esher, sunning itself on a piece of bracken under the pines on the 
edge of the Wood. I feel convinced it will be found to occur there again if care- 
fully looked for. I shall be pleased to tell any one who may wish to try for it the 
exact spot where I took my specimen. — G. E. Bryant, Fir Grove, Esher, Surrey : 
February 7th, 19t)5. 

Siloanus mercator, Fauv., at Mertoti, Surrey. — Mr. Tomlin's note in the 
January Ent. Mo. Mag. on the above species has reminded me of a specimen 
standing with surinamensifi in my collection which I could never reconcile with any 
European species. I must have overlooked Mr. Champion's excellent table of the 
genus (Ent. Mo. Mag., xxxii, 2ti8), or should have referred it long ago to S. mercator. 
It is considerably larger than .surinamen.sis, and in addition to the characters given 
in the above table has the elytra much more deeply and regularly punctured. It 
was found in a house at Merton, Surrey, in December, 1882, and possibly came 
from one of the tobacco or other factories in the neighbourhood. — E. A. Newbery, 
12, Churchill Road, Dartmouth Park, N.W. : February \S>th, 1905. 

Ceuthorrhyiichus cochlearias, Gyll., loith 6-Joiiiied funiculus. — M. Bedel has 
been good enough to corroborate a specimen of C. cochlearias with the above abnormal 
character. He mentions that this aberration is not uncommon in the genus. 
Except in distinctus, Bris., which is regarded as a var. of punctiger, Gyll., I have 
hitherto not met with a similar aberration. This specimen is from Totnes, 
Devon. — Id. 

Notes on Lepidoptera, observed at Mortehoe, North Devon, in 1904. --During 
the three months (July 2Gth — October 20th) spent at Mortehoe, I did not sugar 
once, neither did I devote as much time to collecting as in some recent years, 
nevertheless, several species were added to the list. 

Butterflies were very numerous, more especially the following : Argynnis 
paphia, Vanessa urticfp., in larger members than I have seen anywhere; V. io, 
V. ataJanta, Pararge megxra, and the three common whites. Indeed, it was a 
great butterfly year, yet Satyrus semele was quite scarce, and of Caenonympha pam- 
philus I did not see a single specimen. 

In the following list of insects notable for one reason or another, an asterisk 
indicates that the species is new to the locality : — 

Tyria jacohxie. This species seems to be establishing itself, as the larvfe were 
noted in two widely separated localities. 

70 [March, 

Folia socia (petrificata). One at ivy. 

Leucania conigera. Seen feeding on tlie flowers of Centaiirea nigra in full 
afternoon sun. Agrotix xanthographa (1), and llgdrKcia nictitanss (2), on ragwort 
bloom in full sunsliine. It seems curious tliat one out of the many hundreds of 
A. xanthographa that must liave been close by should go to the ragwort all alone. 
It is only slightly less strange that L. conitjera and M. Literosa should in like 
manner only rarely frequent flowers by day. 

Macrogloxsa stellatarum. Several. 

* Deilephila elpenor. Several larvae in the garden on Epilobiuin montanum 
mostly found by Mr. A. L. Onslow. 

Sphinx convolvuli. One seen September 18th. 

*Acherontla atropos- One taken close to the shore by Master H. Wimbush 
in 1903 was reported to me by Mr. T. Young. 

* Vanessa polgchloros. Previously "reputed." A worn specimen in the 
drawing-room October 2nd. This makes 35 species of butterflies that have certainly 
been taken in the parish. T^. eardui. Fine specimens seen early in August, but 
not so common as the season advanced. 

Satyrus semele. One at flowers in the garden, quite unusual with this species. 

Epinephele janira. One hour before sundow;', July 31st ; a single tap of ray 
beating stick dislodged seven specimens from a thorn bush. 

Lyccena argiolus. A female netted July "iytli, making the third specimen in 
the locality. 

Colias edusa. One seen. 

Pieris napi. At 3.30 p.m., on August 1st, a very hot day. Mr. A. L. Onslow 
and I saw 14 or 15 white butterflies sitting close togetlier with wings closed on 
mud by the road-side. A circle a foot in diameter would have enclosed them all ; 
within a couple of feet were eight more. They were all napi and all males. We 
noticed that when another flew over them several of those drinking would open and 
shut their wings rapidly. When disturbed they mostly flew but a short distance 
and settled on the lower leaves of a hedge close by with wings expanded, an atti- 
tude that seems to be habitual with the species in the late afternoon. On 
apparently suitable days I twice revisited the spot with my camera, but there were 
but one or two whites on the mud. The butterfly habit of drinking at mud, or wet 
sand, in companies is well known to collectors in hot countries, and I have seen it in 
Q-ermany, but never previously in England. 

Pyrausta cespitalis. I saw my first Mortehoe specimen, previously recorded 
by Dr. Riding. * Scoparia angustea {coarctata). One at ivy. Epiblema cana 
confirmed ; previously with a query. *AcaUa ferrtigana. Two beaten out of 
hedges. Tortrix for.ikaleana. A second specimen, in the garden. *Gelechia 
mulinella. Two. Depressaria costosa. Abundant among furze ; only odd speci- 
mens previously. Hyponomeuta cognatella {evonymella). A second specimen at 
some distance from the spot where Mr. Image took the first. PLuteUa annula- 
tella. One at light. — G. B. Longstaff, Highlands, Putney Heath, S.W. : 
January Wth, 1905. 

Remarkable larval vase of Coleophora lixella, Z. — In Ent. Mo. Mag., xx, 18 
(1883), attention was called to the peculiar habits of the larva of Coleophora lixella, 
which, during the autumn, when quite young, feeds upon wild thyme, using for its 

1905.] 71 

case a dry calyx of thyme, and after hibernation begins to feed upon grass while 
still ensconced in the cnlyx, which, however, is altogether abandoned before long in 
favour of a case manufactured from a piece of a grass blade. On April 24th last, 
in the course of a close an 1 successful search for young larvae of Pterophorus telra- 
dactylus in the Isle of Purbeck, I came across some larvae of C. ILvella in their 
grass cases, feeding on various grasses growing on the chalk. One of these had a 
large case, measuring exactly 10 mm. in length, of very exceptional interest, for 
instead of the thyme calyx case having been discarded, according to the usual habit, 
when the grass case was made, the former had been retained, and evidently used as 
the foundation stone of the latter, of which it now formed an integral part of the 
anterior half of the dorsal surface. Another grass ease of smaller size had an old 
thyme caljx case attached rather loosely by the mouth to it, but in this instance the 
thyme case did not form any part of the grass case, and I suppose the larva had 
accidentally made its case of the piece of grass to which it had left the thyme case 
affixed. Four days previously I had the good fortune to find, in the same spot, 
three of the thyme calyx cases of this species, which seem to be rarely met with ; 
they were untenanted, and were attached to blades of grass upon which the larvte 
had obviously fed before they had vacated them. — Eustace R. Bankes, Norden, 
Corfe Castle : January 28fh, 1905. 

Two pupse of Aplecta nebulosa, Hfn., in the same cocoon. — Of some larvae of 
Aplecta nebulosa that I was rearing last season, two, to my surprise, saw fit to 
pupate in the same cocoon, which measured 32 mm. in length by 23 mm. in breadth, 
ajid was made of thin, nearly transparent, white silk, being spun against the white 
blotting paper which lay on the floor of the cage. The two pupse, which were quite 
healthy, and normal in size and shape, lay side by side, touching one another, along 
the middle of the cocoon, no attempt having been made by the larvae to construct 
any partition between the respective sides of it which they occupied. — Id. 

Notes on some Diptera from the New Forest, 1904. — I spent some three weeks 
in July last year at Brockenhurst, and gave most of my attention to Diptera. 
Speaking generally, there seemed to me to be a scarcity of many of the usually 
common species of Syrphidie (sensu lata) and a corresponding increase in certain 
species of Tabanidx and Leptidx. The following notes on certain captures may 
perhaps be considered worthy of record : — 

Therioplectes solstitialis, Mg., and Atylotus fulvus, Mg. — Odd specimens of 
these two species were to be met with as usual in several places, but on one occasion 
in a swampy piece of ground near Rhinefields they both occurred in considerable 
numbers, together with other species of Tabanidx. Groing to the same locality 
a day or two afterwards I could not find either of them. I saw no males. 

Tabanus cordiger,W. — When putting away my captures in the autumn I found 
that I had taken five females of T. cordiger. I probably overlooked others through 
their superficial resemblance to T. bromius, L. 

T. bromius, L , <? , and T. maciiVicornis, Ztt., $ . — I came across the males of 
both the above settling on palings ; they were by no means easy to net, being shy, 
and very quick on the wing. 

Atherix marginata, F. — I owe the capture of this species to Mr. F. C. Adams, 
who wrote me on July 14th that he had taken it at Brockenhurst Bridge. I subse- 
quently found both sexes abundantly in a number of localities. 

G 2 

72 [March, 

A. cras.sipes, Mg. — While looking on the alders and sallows foi* A. marginata 
I kept a sharp look out for this rare insect, and in the last few days of my stay had 
the pleasure of taking it sparingly. 

Eristalis cryptarxtm, F. — This handsome little Dipteron occurred at Matley 
Bog. My specimens were taken while working for Anthrax fenestratus, Y\n., and 
they seemed specially attracted by the flowers of the Potentilla. 

SyrpJius nifeiift, Ztt. — I took a single male of this species at Rliinefields. — 
H. W. Andrews, Shirley, Welling : Februar;/ Rth, 1905. 

Bare Diptera in. 1903. — I take this opportunity of recording the following 
three species taken in 1903. Mnchimux rusticu.t, Mg. : I had the good fortune to 
take a pair of this scarce Asilid in coitu in a sheltered part of the cliffs near Fresh- 
water, Tsle of Wight, on August 13th, 1903; I am indebted to Mr. Verrall for 
kindly identifying this species. Anthrax circnnulatus, Mg., and Didea alneti. Fin. : 
single specimens of each taken at Matley Bog on the same day (August 21st, 1903). 

Note on a Tachinid. — Dr. Chapman very kindly gave me a Tachinid, together 
with the appended note upon the same, and suggested that if I thought it worth 
while I should send the note on for publication. The interesting facts concerning 
the long period of quiescence on the part of the Tachinid larva seems worth placing 
on record, although I unfortunately cannot supply its name. It is apparently a 
Pronopsea, Rdi., but is most probably an \indescribed species. Its most important 
characters are the great length of the third antennal joint, which is eight times the 
length of the second, the arista with second joint but little longer than broad, 
and the 3rd joint thickened nearly to the point. The facial cilia short, not numerous 
(about 14), and not exceeding three-fifths of the distance from the vibrissse to the 
base of the antennae ; the chin about one-fourth as wide as the heighth of the eye. 
There is a slight cubital appendage to the fourth longitudinal vein of the wing, the 
angle of which is distinctly obtuse. In other respects it is a normal Proaopxa 
according to Brauer and von Berganstamm. It is a female, and is labelled, " bred 
January 15th, 1905, from Ocnogyna Ixtica, Madrid, 1904.— T. A. C."— Colbran 
J. Wainwright, Birmingham : January, 1905. 

Dr. Chapman's note is — The history of most Tachinid parasites of Lepidoptera 
I have met with gives the Dipterous larva emerging from its host whilst the latter 
is still a larva, or very shortly after its change to pupa. The larva then hardens 
into the so-called pupa, and in this state it passes most of the time it has to bo 
quiescent with us through winter. This specimen of Prosopxa sp., however, 
emerged from a pupa of Oonorjyna bsetica shortly after the emergence of the moths 
from the healthy pupse, viz., lute in November, having been as a larva within the 
pupa during its whole aestivation (from April to October). Resisting all tendency 
of the summer heat to hurry it forward as a larva, the pupa responded to the 
warmth of my mantelshelf, and the fly appeared January 15th. Naturally I suppose 
it would have emerged in March or April ready to sting the then feeding larvje of 
the Ocnogyna. It is very possible that I hurried it out of the pupa of its host, and 
that naturally it does not leave it till early spring A curious circumstance is that 
the pupa case of the moth broke up for the emergence of the larva of the parasite 
in a manner very similar to that for the emergence of the moth.— T. A. Chapman, 
Betula, Reigate : January \Qth, 1905. 

1905.] 73 


Practical Him's for the Field Lepidopterist. Part III. By J. W. 
TuTT, F.E.S. London: Elliott Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G. (January, 1905). 

The third part of tliis excellent series of " Practical Hints " fully sustains the 
reputation of the two that hare preceded it, and is another testimony, if one were 
needed, to the industry nnd acumen of its indefatigable compiler. Like the former 
parts it mainly consists of a series of suggestions and instructions for the outdoor col- 
lecting of our British Lepidoptera during each month in the year, the superfamilies 
of the Order being treated under separate headings. These liints are drawn from 
the experience, not only of the author himself, but from that of nearly all our best 
field workers, the older collectors not being forgotten. A glance at the eojiious and 
well-arranged Index to the complete work shows that hardly a species not of uni- 
versally common occurrence, or so rare as only to be met with by mere chance, has 
not been referred to ; indeed, we estimate that the " Hints," upwards of 4000 in 
number, deal with at ic^ast two-thirds of our native species of Lepidoptera. To the 
beginner in the practical study of the Order in the field, the work is thus a veritable 
encylopaedia of reliable information ; and while the " old hand " will be already 
familiar willi much of its contents, ho will not fail to find abundance of new 
material presented in a very readable and attractive form. The introductory 
chapters to the part, especially those on " Collectors, Collecting, and Collections," 
and the " Eggs and Egg-stage of Lepidoptera " (the latter illustrated by three very 
good plates), are exceedingly interesting and suggestive, and the " liints for de- 
scribing Larvae " will be found very useful. As we understand that the first part of 
this work is practically out of print, and the second nearly so, we ver.ture to hope 
that a re-issue of the complete series — which should be in the hands of every 
Lepidopterist — may ere long appear in one volume, and, if possible, at a reduced 


Professor Friedrich Morifz Brauer. — It is with sincere regret that we announce 
the death, on December 29th last, in his 73rd year, of this distinguislied Viennese 

Previous to applying himself fully to the study of the Order that he made his 
own, the Diptera, Brauer's attention was chiefly occupied by the Neitroptera, and 
his first entomoloL'ieal publication, in 1850, was a revision of the genus CJirysopa. 
This was followed during the next few years by numerous papers on the biology 
of the Order, which established his reputation as one of the foremost European 
authorities on the Neuroptera. 

In 1858 his attention was directed to the remarkable life-history of the Dip- 
terous family, CEstridrf, and the result of his researches in this field was the 
publication, in 1863, of the most valuable " Monographie der Oestriden." As an 
outcome of these researches, he instituted the now generally accepted division of 
the Diptera into the two great sections — mainly based on the form of the pupa — 
of the Orthorrhapha and the Cyclorrhnpha. Subsequent investigations into the 
metamorphoses of the entire Order resulted in the publication of his new "System 
of Diptera" which appeared in 18S8, and it is generally regarded as the best arrange- 
ment of the Diptera as yet proposed. Latterly his attention was directed to the 
Tavhinidx, and other parasitic Diptera, on which he published n valuable treatise, 
in collaboration with FJerr Julius von Bergenstamm. 

74 [March, 

To Britisli Entomologists, other than Diptcrista, Brauer is perhaps best known 
by his system of Chissification of the Inseola, " based upon recent advances in 
anatomy and embiyology."* This system, whicli, with a very interesting i-eview by 
Dr. Sharp, appears in the " Cambridge Natural History," Insects, part I, p. 175, 
divides the Class into no fewer than 17 Orders, tlie old Linnean " Neuroptera " 
furnishing seven of these. 

From an assistant in the Ent. mological Museum of the University of Vienna, 
Brauer became Custodian of the Collections in 1873, and in the following year was 
appointed Professor of Zoology in the University. His great services to our science 
were fittingly acknowledged by his election, in 1900, as an Honorary Fellow of the 
Entomological Society of London. 

We are greatly indebted to Mp. J. E. Collin, F.E.S., for kindly supplying the 
information which has enabled us to draw up tliis notice. 


The South London Entomological and Natural Histoky Society : 
November 2Uh, 1904.— Mr. E. Step, F.L.S., Vice-President, in the Chair. 

Special Exhibition of Varieties. 

Mr. H. W. Moore, of Shortlands, Kent, was elected a member. 

Mr. Cannon exhibited, on behalf of Mr. Frohawk (1), a long series of Colias 
edusa v. helice bred from var. helice ova in 1900 (autumn), showing every 
gradation from typical white v. helice to typical C. edusa ; (2), a series of 
C. hyale showing gradation in extent of markings ; (3) a fine pale variety 
of the last, with all the usual black markings replaced by pale opalescent 
colouring. Mr. Colfhrup (1), a very pale form of Smerinthus ocellatus ; (2), a 
partially xanthic form of Anthrocera filipendul<x, and (3), a Dianthcecia capsincola 
of unusual shade. Mr. Harrison and Mr. Main (1), Argynnis aglaia from North 
Cornwall, with xanthic markings; (2), a bleached specimen of Epinephelejurtina 
(janira) from North Cornwall ; (3), Zonosoma pendularia, var. suhroseata from 
Staffordshire; (4), a series of Boarmia repandata and v. coBce/-*ar«« from North 
Cornwall, with series from Wiltshire and Isle of Lewis for comparison ; (5), a series 
of Aplecta nebulosa from North Cornwall, with series for comparison from Delamere 
Forest, including var. rohsoni, and from Epping Forest ; (6), Miana strigUis from 
North Cornwall and Delamere Forest; {!), Htjhernia marginaria, meliinic speci- 
mens from near Liverpool ; (8), long series of Pier is napi, spring brood from North 
Cornwall, with spring bred Enniskillen series for comparison ; (9), summer broods 
of the same species from Enniskillen and Delamere Forest; (10), series of spring 
brood of the same species from Kilkenny, with particularly dark females, bred by 
Mr. Montgomery. Mr. Montgomery, series of bred and captured Leucophasia 
sinapis of both broods from Berkshire, Cornwall, Devonshire, Worcestershire, and 
the New Forest. Mr. Hickman, an extremely dark var. of Arctia caja bred from 
a larva taken at Wye in August, 1903. Mr. Crow, a remarkable rosy form of 
Calymnia trapezina from Hayes, and a specimen of Pyrameis atajanta, showing 
xanthie spots, bred from a larva taken at Elmer's Knd. Mr. Stonell, a gynandrous 
example of Lackneis lanestris. Mr. Joy (1), a bred series of Pararge egeria, from 

* Syst. Zool. Studien S. B. Akad. Wlen, xci, 1885. Abtli., I, p. 374. 

1905.] 75 

ova laid by a female taken in June, 1903 ; (2), two series of the same species, bred 
from a pairing induced in captivity, of wliicli (a) liibcrnated as pupte, (i) liibernated 
as half-fed larva;. iMr. Chittenden, a large number of varieties and aberrations of 
Lepidoptera, including Spilosoma lubricipeda var. radiuta, with blaci? fringes, 
Boarmia repandata dark, Acidalia inornata, very dark, from Kent, very dark 
Cymatophora duplaris from Market Drayton, Caradrina morpheus, Agrotis 
segetum, A. exclamationls, A. corticea all very dark from Kent. Mr. R. Adkin (1), 
a specimen of Satuniia pavonia having the body and wings undoubtedly $ , while 
the antennae were distinctly ^ . It was bred in 1904 from an Isle of Lewis larva 
of 1901 ; (2), a very dark specimen of Syrichthus malvce from Brighton ; and (3), a 
fine specimen of Agrius convolvuli taken at Eastboui'ne, September Itlth, 1904. 
Mr. Harris, a bred series of Hemerophila abruptaria, including a number of the 
more or less extreme melanic form. Mr. Groulton, examples of Hypsipetes sordi- 
data (elutata) with dark forms, Fseudoterpna pruinata with brown forms (bred), 
and light forms of Boarmia repandata from Ranmore. Mr. Brown, Hydraecia 
nictitans var. paiudis, very dark Xylophasia polyodon, dark Leucania conigera, all 
from Deal; varied forms of Polyommatus corydon from Reigate, bred and very 
varied series of Cidaria russata and C. immanata from Horsley, and light and 
dark forms of Amphydasis betularia bred. Mr. Dobson, twenty-seven species of 
dragon-flies taken by him in Surrey and Hampshire during the last two years, 
including Oomphus vulgatissimus, Anax imperator, /Eschua mixta, Platyvnemis 
pentn'pes, Ischnura pumilio and Agrion mercuriale. Mr. H. Moore, an example of 
Heliconius siculata from Trinidad, somewhat different from the type, and a series 
of H. cydno, showing the range of variation of the snow-white markings. Mr. 
Garrett, a specimen of Pyrameis alalanta taken in Northamptonshire, having 
xanthic markings in the red band of the hind-wings. Mr. South (1), Aplecta nebu- 
losa with var. robsoni and the so-called var. thomsoni, and examples from many 
localities to show the range of variation in the species; {2), Folia chi, a $ var. 
ollvacea, and a bred series from ova laid by it, all of which were dark ; (3), an 
Abraxas grossulariata with buff ground colour ; (4), Eurrhypara urticata with 
confluent spots ; (5), Peronea hastiana, series from Wisley and Lancashire, the 
latter including several named forms; and (6), Pcedisca so^awrfrjawa, a long series 
collected in two afternoons at Oxshott, including at least seven named forms. Mr. 
Gr. T. Porritt, a fine bred series of Agrotis ashioorthii from North Wales. Mr. H. J. 
Turner, a copy of the original edition of Moses Harris' " Aurelian," slightly defec- 
tive, picked up for a few shillings on a bookstall. Mr. W. J. Kaye (1) a series of 
Pseudoterpna pruinata showing considerable variation in the banding, several bred 
specimens from Bude had all the usual markings suppressed ; and (2) a specimen 
of Titanus giganteus, the largest known Longicorn beetle from British Guiana. Mr, 
Barraud (1) Epinephele jurtina var. with the usual white pupilled spot on the fore- 
wing absent, and on the under-side of the hind-wings, specks instead of spots; and (2), 
a brown suffused Spilosoma menthastri from Bushey. Rev. J. E. Tarbat (1) Euthe- 
monia russula with smoky hind-wings ; (2) a ? Pwcilocampa populi having a rudi- 
mentary fifth wing anterior to the right fore-wing ; and (3) a $ Erebia xthiops 
with shaded marks on the left-hand wings. Mr. Bacot, a long series of Spilosoma 
urticce, consisting of eight broods belonging to three generations, all originating 
from a single female captured in Norfolk. They showed a large extent of variation 

76 [March, 1905. 

as regards the spotting. Mr. Prout for Mr. Mutcli, pale aberrations of Agrotis 
ypsilon antl Phlogophora meticidosa, much darkened specimens of Cleora glabraria. 
Mr. Prout, some extremely fine varieties of (I) Melitma cinxia, mostly of one aber- 
rant brood in 190; ; (2) blackish -ah. higenua of Aporophi/la aust rails ; and (3) very 
dark EuhoUa bipunctaria from North Devon, and Luperina textacea from Sandown. 
Mr. Edwards, representatives of all the genera closely allied to Paj9t/io, including 
the rare Armandia thaidina and Bhulanitis lidderdalii, and contributed notes on 
each. ])r. Chapman (1) a very large number of the genus Chrt/nopkanus tiiken this 
year in Spain, including the var. miegii of C. virgaureie, various forms of C. phlceas 
from light forms to the extreme dark var. eleus ; (2) a drawer of Erebias also from 
Spain, including various races of E. evias and E. stygne, and a long series of a new 
species, which he had named E.palarica, closely allied to E. stygne but larger than 
any Erebia hitherto known. Dr. Chapman, on behalf of Mr. Tutt, for comparison 
with his own, a large number of Chrysophanids from many mid-European sources. 
Mr. Tonge, three albums of photographs of the ova of Lepidoptera. Mr. Carr, on 
behalf ot Mr. F. M. 13. Carr, a specimen of Vanessa io, having the usual eye-like 
spots on the hind -wings very obscure. — Hy. J. Tuknek, Hon. Secretary. 

Entomological Society of London: February \st, 1905. — Mr. F. Meebi- 
FIEID, President, in the Chair. 

The President announced that he had appointed Dr. Tliomas Algernon Chap- 
man, M.D., F.Z.S., Dr. Frederick Augu.stus Dixey, M.A., M.D., and Professor 
Edward B. Poulton, D.Sc, F.R.S., as Vice-Presidents for the Session 1905-6. 

Mr. H. St. J. Donisthorpe exhibited specimens of Oiigota granaria found in a 
granary at Holborn, the only other localities reported hitherto being Scarborough and 
Shoe Lane, London. Mr. W. J. Kaje, a specimen of the Erycinid butterfly Meso- 
semia eumene pinned in its natural position of rest, to show its resemblance to the 
head of a small mammal, such as a mouse. Dr. T. A. Chapman, a variety of the female 
of Lyccena melanops. As a mere aberration it was interesting, but it was of value as 
showing that the position in the genus for long accorded to the species, whether by 
accident or design, close to the An'on = Euphemus group, was correct. He had 
named the variety, which seemed to be undescribed, var. wheeleri. Mr. F. Enock, a 
living ? Kybernia defoUariu, taken as late as February Ist, at rest on the north side 
of an oak tree, and another ? , taken January 28th, in the same wood at Bexley. 
He also exhibited, on behalf of Mr. Leonard Newman, of Bexley, a J' Notodonta 
ziczac, $ N. dromedarius, with two hybrids bred, together with typical larva of 
N. dromedarius and hybrid ditto ; the colour of the hybrids being that of drome- 
darius, while the markings were those of ziczac. Mr. O. K. Janson, a living 
specimen of Acridium iegypticum, L., found in a cauliflower in Bloomsbury, and 
probably imported from Italy. Mr. Gr. C. Champion, two specimens of Malachius 
barnevitlei, Puton, captui'ed by Mr. Thouless at Hunstanton, Norfok, in June, 1899, 
a recent addition to the British list. Mr. H. W. Andi'ews, J and $ specimens of 
Machimns rusticus, Mg., a rare Asilid, taken in cop. at Freshwater, Isle of Wight, 
on August 13th, 1903. Mr. W. J. Lucas, a ? specimen of Panorpa cognata taken 
at Byfleet Canal on August 23rd, 1904. The sjjecies occurs at Folkestone, and is 
said to be found in the New Forest. For comparison he also exhibited $ specimens 
of P. communis and P. gerinanica. 

Mr. Gilbert Smith read a paper, entitled, " A revision of the genus Criocephalus, 
with notes on the habits of Asemum striatum and Criocephalus ferus" written by 
himself and Dr. D. Sharp, F.K.S. Dr. T. A. Chapman, papers on " The matrivorous 
habit of Heterogynis," and " The pupal suspension of Thais." Mr. E. Meyrick, 
B.A., communicated a paper on " Lepidoptera from New Zealand." Mr. G. C. 
Champion contributed a paper on "Another Entomological Excursion in Spain," by 
himself and Dr. T. A. Chapman. — H. EowLAND-BxiOWN, Hon. Sec. 

Ent. Mo. Mag., 1905.— Plate II. 



' J 

i Lijs^^/z^^^KBB^BttHiM^ 

r^%j^K I^H^HM^^^^^^B^^^H 


.*# ii ,;> ..' 


April, 1905.] 77 



By Paymaster-in-Chief GERVASE F. MATHEW, R.N., F.L.S., F E.S. 

In the Entomologist's Monthly Magazine for 1896, vol. vii of 
second series (vol. xxxii), pp. 99-100, the late Mr. C. G. Barrett de- 
scribed the above species from three examples T sent to him, and 
which I captured on the coast in this neighbourhood, and at the same 
time he described' a red variety of what he then referred to as Z. 
pallens, from specimens I forwarded to him for examination. 

In his excellent work on the British Lepidoptera, vol. v, pp. 
141-2, he again describes the species, and gives three figures of it on 
plate 201 ; and in his description of L. pollens, vol. v, p. 140, he 
likewise refers to the red varieties taken here, which he still con- 
sidered to be extraordinary aberrations of Z. pollens, and mentioned 
that similar examples had been found near the mouth of the Thames. 
(I may here note that I first took specimens of this red variety as 
long ago as 1886.) 

From August, 1S96, until October, 1898, I was away from Eng- 
land in H.M.S. " Hawke," on the Mediterranean Station, and was not 
able to pay any attention to this species again until 1899, in which 
year only two were noticed. None were seen in 1900, or 1901, and 
only five in 1902, although they were carefully looked for, but in 
1903 they occurred in small numbers, and also in 1904. Among the 
series taken in 1903 there were some very extraordinary and beautiful 
varieties, comprising various shades of grey, deep red, and even 
yellow, and I now came to the conclusion that the so-called red 
variety of pollens was really only a variety of favicolor ; an opinion 
I had previously entertained. The red variety of pollens is quite a 
different looking insect, for, in addition to its general shape and 
appearance, and its usually smaller size, the red is very much less 
pronounced, being more or less tinged with ochreous, and the white, 
or pale straw coloured nervures are always conspicuously raised, while 
in favicolor the wings are quite smooth, and the veins are almost 

From the above series I selected some of the finest examples, 
and forwarded them to Mr. Barrett, who was very pleased to see 
them, and he now concurred with me in considering the red aberra- 
tions to be varieties of L. favicolor, and not of Z. pollens, and he 
contributed a short account of them to this Magazine, vol. xl, p. 61. 

I obtained ova from three different varieties (one typical, one 
red, and one yellow), and from these I last year succeeded in breeding 

78 [April. 

twenty-seven moths in all. The typical parent produced typical and 
red offspring, the red parent typical and red offspring, and the yellow 
parent typical and red offspring, but no yellow ones. The yellow 
variety seems to be very rare. 

In the Entomologist's Monthly Magazine for 1896, vol. xxxii, p. 
162, and the Entomologist's Record for the same year, vol. viii, pp. 
133-135, Mr. J. W. Tutt having expressed some doubts as to the 
claim of L.favicolor to rank as a good species, I wrote and asked him 
if he would care to examine the series I had sent to Mr. Barrett, 
together with others bred and captured since, and he replied that he 
would like to do so, and so they were forwarded with the result an- 
nounced in the Entomologist's Record for 1904, vol. xvi, pp. 252-254, 
where, after saying that he was now quite convinced as to its right 
to be considered a distinct species, he proceeded to describe and name 
eight of the aberrations. A short time after I sent these examples 
to Mr. Tutt I took other varieties of a second brood, which I likewise 
sent to him as soon as they were fit to be removed from the setting 
boards, but they were not received in time to be embodied in the 
above paper, so I subsequently described them myself in the Ento- 
mologist's Record for the current year, vol. xvii, p. 14. All the 
examples above referred to were exhibited at a meeting of the Ento- 
mological Society of London on November 2nd, 1904, and a description 
of them is given in the Proceedings of the Society for that year, 
p. Ixxiii. 

L.favicolor appears to be a very local species, and as far as my 
experience goes seems to be restricted to the fringes of the salt 
marshes that impinge on the coast. In this district the marshes are 
rapidly disappearing, owing to the encroachment of the sea and. 
destruction of the sea banks, and those where I first obtained it a 
few years ago, which were such good collecting grounds for other 
coast species, have since been converted into mud flats which are 
covered by every tide, so I am afraid that this interesting species w'ill 
soon cease to exist in this neighbourhood. 

Mr. Tutt, in the paper above quoted, has given some account of 
its habits from my notes, so I have not much further to add, except 
that it is pretty early on the wing, and flies soon after dusk, and that 
it is particularly partial to the flowers of various kinds of grasses. It 
is to be found from the middle of June until the end of July, and last 
year, for the first time, I took several of a second brood in August 
and September. It probably occurs all along the east coast in suitable 

1905.3 79 

localities. Single examples have already been recorded from near 
Southend and llochester, and I hear that it has also been taken in 

The eggs of this species, in a state of nature, are probably de- 
posited at the axils of the sheaths round the stems of various marine 
grasses, but which I cannot say, for, up to the present time, I have 
not been able to discover the larva in its wild state. In confinement 
in chip boxes, where flakes of the chip have been raised with the point 
of a penknife, the eggs are thrust well beneath the pieces so raised, 
and generally in groups close together, and, sometimes, when there is 
sufiicient room, they are piled one on top of each other. In a very 
few instances one or two eggs have been laid between the top edge of 
the box and the lid. The principal object of the parent moth appears 
to be to lay them where they will be well out of sight and hidden 
from the light. But they were very shy of laying in confinement, 
the batches were not numerically large, and several females died 
withou laying at all. 

"When first laid the eggs are round and smooth, of a pale straw 
colour, and covered with a glistening glutinous substance, but in the 
course of a few days many of them assumed a shrivelled up appear- 
ance, and when this occurred to the first batch I had I thought they 
were infertile, though they afterwards changed colour and produced 
larvae. About the third day after the eggs were deposited they 
changed to a deeper straw colour, and a day or two before they 
hatched became of a pale leaden hue, which gradually darkened as 
the time for emergence arrived. 

The period passed in the egg state appears to be nine or ten days. 
I did not note the date of emergence of each batch of ova. My 
observations and descriptions of the larva9 in their earliest stages were 
principally taken from one lot of eggs that were deposited by a 
typical female on July 2nd, and which hatched on July llth. (Other 
lots hatched July 15th, 18th, and 24th, and of the second brood on 
September 15th, 16th, 23rd, 24th, and 27th.) 

"When first hatched the little larvae were of a dull smoke colour, 
with shining dark brown heads, but in about twenty-four hours, after 
they had eaten a little, they became paler, their anterior segments 
were tinged with olive-green, and their heads were of a reddish-brown 
colour. The dorsal plate on the second segment was well defined. 
At this stage their anterior segments were somewhat swollen, and the 
posterior attenuated. "When disturbed they fell suspended by a 
silken thread. For the first three or four days of their existence 

11 2 

80 [April, 

rucany of them, after feeding, retired to the shelter of the crevices in 
the lid of the chip box, others hid in the crinkled paper provided for 
them, and only a small number sought protection among the stems of 
their food-plant. 

The young larvae as soon as they were hatched were supplied with 
various kinds of grasses, and I was pleased to see that they selected 
Poa annua for their food, a plant which is so common and so much 
more easy to procure and keep fresh than any of the marine grasses, 
one of which I was afraid they might have selected. This continued 
to be their food until some of them began to die off at the end of 
the year, when Dactylis glomerata was added, and this they eat 
sparingly, but always showed a preference for P. annua, being parti- 
cularly partial to the flower buds, flowers, and unripe seeds. 

For the first three months the young larvae were kept in glazed 
jam pots, and a piece of the grass pulled up by the roots, placed in a 
wide-mouthed bottle full of water, and carefully plugged with cotton 
wool, stood on the bottom, and so the food kept fresh and sweet for 
at least a fortnight. Sound the bottle stood pieces of paper folded in 
accordion pleats, and high enough to touch the lower part of the food, 
so as to enable any larva that might fall to the bottom of the jar to 
crawl up again, and also to afford a hiding place during the day. 
Later on, when the larvae became larger, I found pieces of corrugated 
paper formed capital hiding places, and now I use this for all kinds 
of larvae up to within a few days of their becoming full grown, when 
it must be removed, as the larvae are apt to spin up one over the other 
in the paper tubes, when of course the lower ones would be unable 
to emerge. To convert the jar completely into a breeding cage two 
pieces of bent wire to form a frame for the muslin hood were placed 
in it, and the hood then drawn over and tied with tape round the top 
of the jar in the groove for that purpose. These jars make excellent 
little breeding, cages, but tape should always be used for tying down 
the muslin hood, as it does not slip like string. I usually twist it 
twice round the jar and tie as tight as possible. 

{To he continued). 

Quedius xanthopus, Er., at Sherioood. — On October 15tli, 1904, 1 met with a 
few specimens of this uncommon species. One specimen only was taken under 
bark of a decayed oak, the remainder occurred in a mass of very rotten, foetid black 
fungus, on the stump of a cut-down birch. It was quite impossible to identify the 
species of fungus owing to its extremely decayed condition. I am indebted to Mr. 
E. A. Newbery for very kindly identifying the insect. — J. KinsoN Tatloe, 
35, South Avenue, Buxton : March 8th, 1905. 

1905. J 81 

{Continued from page 57). 
M. melanchoUcus Lw. : I caught one male and two females at 
Woking on August 1st, 1875, which I described in this Magazine in 
1876 as Diaphorus dorsalis n. sp. ; I had not overlooked Loew's de- 
scription ot 1869, but I had failed to identify it. It was not until 
1884! that Jvowarz founded the genus Melanostolus for it. 

15. DIAPEORUS Meig. 

1 (4) Base of abdomen translucent yellow. 

2 (3) Hind femora mainly brownish-black ; the yellow on the abdomen occupying 

at least all second segment 1. oculatus Fall. 

3 (2) Hind femora black on only about apical half 2. Hoffmanseggil Meig. 

4 (1) Base of abdomen concolorous with the rest. 

5 (6) Blackish; halteres black 3. nigricans Meig. 

6 (5) Metallic-green ; halteres yellow 4. Winthemi Meig. 

Several more species allied to D. Winthemi may occur in Britain. 

1. D. oculatus Fall. : not very uncommon in Hampshire, Sussex 

(several localities), Kent, Suffolk, Pembroke, and Cumber- 
land (Coniston). 

2. D. Hojfmanseggii Meig. : 1 leave this name in our list for a speci- 

men taken by me at Lyndhurst, and one taken in the New 
Forest by Dr. Sharp, though they would answer more cor- 
rectly to D. tri2yilus Lw. I am, however, impressed by some 
specimens in Kowarz's collection which are labelled D. 
cyanocephalus Mg. =^ Hoffmanseggii Mg. = tripilus Lw. 
Kowarz had a good collection of the European species of 
Diaphorus, and undoubtedly he had arrived at this synonymy, 
and to confirm part of it 1 must say that every male I have 
seen called D. Hoffmanseggii would answer to the description 
of D. tripilus; D. cyanocephalus has remained an unrecognised 
species since its first description in 1824, but would well 
answer to this species, except that Meigen must have over- 
looked the pale base of the abdomen if his specimen was a 

3. D. nigricans Meig. : 1 have taken a few specimens of this species 

in the New Forest, and I have seen two in the late Dr. P. B. 
Mason's collection. I have several females from Three 

82 [April, 

Bridges in Sussex which may belong here. Some specimens 
taken in the New Forest in 1904 by Mr. C. G-. Lamb would 
answer well to D. haUeralis Lw., but it is curious that I can find 
no representatives of that species in Kowarz's collection, and 
I suspect that he subsequently considered it not distinct from 
D. nigricans, as he had a collection of the genus Diaphorus 
evidently prepared for a monograph. Mr. C. Gr. Lamb's 
specimens seem distinctly smaller than my D. nigricans. 
4. D. Winthemi Meig. : this species ought to have been in italics in 
the first edition of my List instead of D. nigricans, as I find 
my only authority for introducing it was founded on a female 
with yellow halteres, caught at Plashet Wood in Sussex on 
July 3rd, 1868, which was named D. Winthemi by Loew. 
Two doubts arise ; one as to whether Loew knew the females 
of these species correctly, and the other as to whether the 
specimens caught at Three Bridges as mentioned under B. 
nigricans belong to this. The species must remain doubtful 
as British at present, though it is most likely to occur. 

16. AEG YE A Mcq. 

1 (2) Scutellum pubescent on disc ; thorax not silvery ; abdomen yellow at 

sides 1. diaphana Fabr. 

2 (1) Scutellum bare, except for marginal bristles. 

3 (8) Thorax silvery. 

4 (5) Face black 2. leucocephala Meig. 

5 (4) Face silvery. 

6 (^) Arista as long as, or longer than, antennae ; antennaj scarcely longer than 

head 3. argyria Meig. 

7 (6) Arista shorter than antennae ; antennae considerably longer than head... 

4. argentina Meig. 

8 (3) Thorax not (or scarcely) silvery. 

9 (12) Basal joint of hind tarsi longer than next joint; face black. 

10 (11) Abdomen silvery ; basal joint of hind tarsi bearing some rather long 

hairs 5. conjinis Zett. 

11 (10) Abdomen scarcely at all silvery ; basal joint of hind tarsi without any 

special pubescence 6. atriceps Lw. 

12 (9) Basal joint of hind tarsi not longer than the next joint ; face white ; hind 

tibiae conspicuously bristly above 7. elongata Zett. 

A very natural genus, in which the males of nearly all the species are 
more or less covered with a beautiful silvery gloss. 

1. A. diaphana Fabr. : the lai'gest British species, and very easily 
distinguished by its pubescent scutellum. Fairly common 
over all Britain. 

1905.] 83 

2. A. leucocephala Meig. : the commonest British species from Pen- 

zance to Aberdeen. Is it called leucocephala because it is 
the only common species with a black face ? ! 

3. A. argyria Meig. : this and the next are two rather small species 

which are not easily distinguished. A. argyria is the less 
common of the two, but 1 have seen it from Sussex to 

4. A. argentina Meig. : common over all Britain. 

5. A. confinis Zett. : a rare species, but I have taken odd specimens 

in at least Hampshire, Surrey, and Cambridgeshire. 

G. A. atriceps Lw. : an unmistakable Argyra, though it has but little 
silvery gloss. I first caught it in Millersdale on June 18th, 
1888, and I took two more at or near Three Bridges (one in 
Sussex and one in Surrey) in June, 1892. 

7. A. elongata TaqXA,. : only known as British, or rather Irish, from 
Haliday's record in Walker's Ins. Brit. Dipt., i, p. 209. I 
see no reason to doubt its correct identification. Since I 
wrote the above Col. Yerbury took one male at Nairn on 
July 11th, 1904. 

Three or four more species ought to occur in Britain. 


This genus is separated from Argyra only by the glabrous basal 
joint of the antennae. It may be an unnecessary genus, but its re- 
tention is convenient. 

L. vestita Wied. is like a small Argyra. Not uncommon in Hamp- 
shire, Sussex, Essex, Cambridgeshire and Suffolk ; also taken by Mr. 
F. Jenkinson at The Aird in Koss. 

18. TERYPTICUS Gerst. 

T. hellus Lw. : this species was described by Loew from a speci- 
men taken by me near Kew on August 4th, 1868 (and not as Loew 
stated on July 14th), and I have since taken it in Hampshire, Sussex, 
Suffolk and Norfolk, while on the continent it has occurred rarely in 
various localities from Galicia to Dalmatia. It is a veritable tiny 
gem, but has been but little recognised until quite recent years. 

The specimen I sent to Loew, from which his description waa 
made, is the only one 1 have ever seen with the lovely violet colour, 
all the others being of the usual green colour. 

{To he continued). 

84 [April, 


A large number of new earwigs in the National Collection of the 
Paris Museum have been described by me in an earlier paper (Trans. 
Ent. Soe. London, 1904, p. 277), but since the appearance of that 
article I have come across a few further novelties, which are described 
here in order to be able to quote the species in the final list of the 
collection. I have added a new species from Java, from among a 
number of earwigs received for determination from the Amsterdam 

Labia laminata, sp. n. 
Corpus pilosum, rufo-testaceum ; antennae flavse, lO-segmentatse ; caput fusco- 
rufum ; pronotum capite angustius, quadratum,postice rotundatum ; elytra latiora, 
punctulata, purpureo-nitentia ; alse valde proininentes, eljtris pauUo breviores, 
eodem colore ; pedes testacei, fusco-annulati ; abdomen depressum, latum, segmen- 
tum ultimum dorsale in medio paullo excavatum, utrinque subtuberculatum ; forcipis 
bracchia $ valida, triquetra, basi ipsa remota, depressa, mnrgine interno laminato- 
acuta, prope basin in dentem magnum latum acuminatum producta, dehinc 
denticulis 2 armata $ . 

Long, corporis 11"6 mm. <? 

Long, forcipis 1*5 mm. 

Java, Buitenzorg. (M. Weber, in Amsterdam Coll.). 

Ch^tospania capella, sp. n. 
Rufo-castanea ; corpus pilosum ; caput globosum, occipite postice sulcato, 
utrinque globoso-eleva'o ; antennae .... (segmenta 9 restant), flavEB ; pronotum 
angustum, postice quara antice paullo latius, margine antico recto, postico rotun- 
dato, lateribus rectis ; pars antica tumido-elevata, in medio sulculata, latera et pars 
postica deplanata ac depressa. Elytra ampla, in apice oblique truncata ; alse amplse, 
longse. Pedes testacei, femoribus tibiisque validis, tarsis gracillimis. Abdomen 
depressum, parallelum, segmentis 2 te 3 tuberculis lateralibus parvis instructis ; 
segmentum ultimum dorsale magnum longum, quadratum, medio paullo impresso, 
in margine postico utrinque supra insertionem forcipis tuberculo magno obtuso 
globoso, in medio spinis 2 parvis nigris instructum ; pygidium breve, latum, margine 
postico in lobis 2 acutos producto. Forcipis bracchia in basi remota, valida, triquetra, 
recta, margine interno denticulate, in tertia parte apicali dente acuto armata, dehinc 
infuscata, convergentia, acuminata. <J . 

Long, corporis 9 mm. $. 

Long, forcipis 2 mm. 

Madagascar, Eegiou du sud-est, Fort Dauphin, Jan. 1901. 
(Ch. Alluaud, 1 (J, in Mus. Paris). 

Allied to Gh. fece, Borm., but the form of the pronotum is 
characteristic; in the shape of the forceps and pygidium it is 
nearest to Ch.fece. 

1905.] 85 

Anechura toequata, sp. n. 

Statura mediocri ; castanea ; caput fusco-rufum vel nigrum, occiput punctia 
irapressis 2 instruotuni ; anteiinse (?) 10-segnientatfe, brunnese, apice nonnihil palli- 
diores ; pronotum capite angU8tius, subquadratum, margins anlico recto, postico 
rotundato, nigrum, lateribus brunneo-niarginatum ; elytra laevia, fusco-testacea ; 
alte fusco-testacete, indistincte nigro-signatse ; pedes graciles, fulvi, femorum apice 
nigro-annulato ; abdomen in medio pauUo dilatatum, fusco-rufum, segmentis pai'te 
antica punctulatis, parte postica leevibus ; segmenta 2 and 3 tuberculo magno atro 
instructa ; segmentum ultimum dorsale breve, valde transversum, margine postica 
recta, in cariiiam parvam incrassata, superne utrinque in angulis posticis tuberculo 
forti armatum ; pygidium breve, in spinam brevem sed acutam productum ; forcipis 
bracchia in basi valde remota et divergentia, deliinc sensim convergentia, in basi 
triquetra, carina superiori in dentem obtusum producta, tum sursum, tum deorsum 
sinuata, tum horizontali, apice ipso iterum sursum curvata, margine inferiori medio 
dentibus 2 fortibus armata, apice ipso incurva et attingentia, rufa. 

Long, corporis 9"2-10 mm. <? . 

Long, forcipis 4 mm. 

Tonkin septentrional ; frontiere de Chine, Ha-Giang, Oct. — Dec. 
2 c? c? (^- Weiss). Type in Mus. Paris. 

Allied to A. ancylura, Dohrn, but entirely different in colour. 


Statura minore ; antennse ....(?); caput rufum, nitidum, Iseve ; oculi nigri ; 

pronotum semilunare, castaneum, pallido-niarginatum ; elytra et alse castanese; 

pedes testacei ; abdomen minute punctulatum, fusco-rufum, tuberculis lateralibus 

valde distinctis ; segmentum ultimum dorsale transversum, inerme ; pygidium 

minimum, conicum, obtusum ; forcipis bracchia in basi valde deplanata et dilatata, 

margine interna recta, crenulata, inei-mi, dehinc attenuata, recta, in apice valde 

remota. $ . 

Long, corporis 7-6 mm. ^ 

Long, forcipis 1'5 mm. 

India : Darjiling, 1 ^ (Hauaand, 2854-90). (Type in Mus. Paris). 

In colour resembles F. auricularia in every respect, but dis- 
tinguished by the unarmed and almost perfectly straight forceps, 
which are not unlike those of F. lesnei. 

Statura majore ; castanea vel fusca ; caput fusco-rufum ; antennae .... (9 
segmenta restant), fuscse, segmento 3 longo, quam 4 and 2 unita longiori ; prono- 
tum magnum, quadratum, angulis posticis rotundatis, lateribus pauUum reflexis, 
nigrum, fulvo-marginatum ; elytra ampla, lata, longa, unicolora, nigra vel fulvo- 
castanea ; alse longae, eodem colore ; pedes longi, fusci, tarsis pallidioribus ; abdomen 
castaneum vel rufum, in medio paullum dilatatum, tuberculis lateralibus seguientorum 
2 te 3 valde distinctis, nigris, segmentis omnibus minute punctulatis ; pygidium 
breve, iBgre distinguendum, rotundatum, margine postico lobulo quadrate in- 
structum ; segmentum ultimum dorsale S breve, transversum, margine postico 

86 [April, 

superne bituberculato, $ , tuberculis obsolelis, angustum , declive ; pygidium ? 
breve, obtusum ; forcipis braccbia 3 dcplanata ac dilatata, hac parte brcvi, margine 
interiio minute crenulata, dehinc graeilia, elongata, valde, plus iiuinis deplanata, 
fere recta, pauUo ineurva, inermia, in apice attingentia ; ? typicsB. J ? . 

Long, corporis y-14'5 uiin. ^ 10 mm. ? 

Long, forcipis 6'5-ll-2 mm. <? 4 mm. ? 

Mou Pin, 3 ^ ^,1 ^ (A. David, 1870). (Type in Mus. Paris) 
A very distinct species, characterised by the uniform colour of 
the elytra and wings, and the form of the forceps, which recalls that 
of somewhat elongated F. smyrnensis ; one male has the abdomen 
very much telescoped, and so appears to be very small. 

Royal Societies' Club, 

St. James's Street, S.W. : 
December Uth, 1904. 



Early one morning in July, 1904, I came across a piece of fungus 
growing on elm, in Gibside,in which occurred two species of Triplax, 
and about a fortnight later the same species were met with in some 
numbers at the same locality (Ent. Mo. Mag., 1904, p. 210 ; Ent. 
Eecord, 1904, p. 260). The commoner of the two, which was in 
hundreds, was easily identified as T. cenea, Schall., an insect usually 
regarded as rare, but which I had taken not infrequently before in 
this locality ; the others I supposed to be immature specimens of T. 
russica, L., knowing them to be unlike any other species of British 
Erotylidce, and at the same time having no example of russica with 
which to compare my captures. I sent specimens of both insects to 
Mr. Holland, as well as to many other Coleopterists, and in a letter 
dated December 12th, 1904, Mr. Holland stated that my supposed 
russica could not possibly be that species, as on comparing them with 
authentic russica, he found several specific characters which at once 
separated them from the latter; he thought that they would prove to 
be T. bicolor, of Gylle)\hal, described by him in the " Insecta Suecica," 
vol. i, p. 205. This letter came at a very opportune moment, shortly 
before I left for Edinburgh to spend a few days with Prof. Beare, 
where, with his kindly assistance, Mr. Holland's surmise was found 
to be correct. 

In the European Catalogue, and in Ganglbauei-'s " Die Kafer 
von Mitteleuropa," vol. iii, p. 643, certain species of the genus 

1905.] gy 

Triplax are separated off into the sub<,'enus FlaticJina, Th. Of those 
which are now known to occur in Great Britain only hicolor belongs 
to Platichna ; the other three — russica, L., eenea, Schall., and lacord- 
airei, Crotch — belong to Triplnx sensu stricto. The characters given 
by Gauglbauer for these divisions are as follows : — 

Triplax : — Base of thorax stroTigly bordered, or furnished with a strongly 
marked transverse furrow in front of the scutellum ; in shape more or less parallel- 
sided, elongate-ovate. 

Platichna : — Base of thorax throughout very finely bordered, and never pro- 
vided with a transverse furrow ; shape, more or less ovate. 

I am indebted to Prof. Beare for the following rough translation 
of Ganglbauer's description of hicolor : — 

" Triplax bicolor, Gyll. — Usually about the same size as russica,* but dis- 
tinguished from that species by its more ovate form, by the yellowish-red colour of 
the base of the antennae, and of the scutellum, and by the fact that the whole of 
the under-side of the body is reddish in colour It may also be readily separated 
from russica by the generic characters already given." 

General description .-—Oblong, moderately ovate, yellowish-red, elytra shining 
black ; antennae black or brown, with the first two joints, and occasionally the 
third, rusty-red in colour. The head is large, with the clypeus thickly punctured. 
The third joint of the antennae is about half as long again as the second and fourth, 
the fourth and fifth joints are elongate, the sixth is about as long as broad, and the 
seventh is slightly, and the eighth distinctly, transverse. Tlie thorax is somewhat 
strongly contracted in front, and at the base is about twice as broad as long ; the 
sides are finely, and the base very finely, bordered. The elytra are oblong, slightly 
widened in the basal third j moderately coarsely punctate-striate, with the inter- 
stices somewhat strongly punctured. Length, 45 to 5'0 mm. 

Occurs rarely throughout Central and Northern Europe. 
CTo be continuedj. 

BY "W. E. SHAEP, P.E.S. 

My friend, the Kev. G. A. Crawshay, recently sent me some 
specimens of an Amara — taken by himself at Leighton Buzzard, Bed- 
fordshire, at roots of grass in sandy places — as questionable A. lucida, 
Duft., drawing my attention to the fact that they possessed the pre- 
scutellary pore, the absence of which is supposed to characterize that 
species. On examination it occurred to me that they might be 
referable to A. anthohia, Villa, a species not uncommon in France, 
and as I could find no authentic specimen of that species here, I sent 
one of Mr. Crawshay's examples to M. Bedel, who returned it as 

* The examples taken at Gibside were on the average smaller than T. nutica, being inter- 
mediate in size between that species and 7'. atnea. 

88 [April, 

" positively VA. anthobia, Villa," which species must therefore be added 
to the British list. 

Its position there is next before A. familiaris, Duft. From that 
species and from A. lucida, Duft., Bedel distinguishes it by the pre- 
sence of the prescutellary pore (Coleopteres du basin de la Seine, i), 
but Putzeys, in a Monoo;ra|)h of the Amnrce of Europe in Marseul's 
"I'Abeille," 1870, adds further details as follows : - 

" Cette espece, qui a les dimensions de V A. familiar is tient de 
celle-ci et de la lucida. Elle a la taille et la coloration de la 1*'', les 
angles anterieurs du corselet non avances et les yeux saillants comme 
dans la 2*^^ ; mais elle differe de I'une et de I'autre par son corselet 
plus court, plus etroit vers la base, par les cotes de la base, non pro- 
longes en arriere et plutot recules ; par les fossettes non ponctuees ; et 
par I'existence d'un point pilifere a la base de la strie prescutellaire." 

In the specimens I have examined these thoracic difierences do 
not appear to me to be quite convincing, and as the fovese of the 
thorax, both of A. familiar is and A. lucida, are sometimes quite im- 
punctate, the absence of punctures in A. antJiohia can hardly be taken 
as a good specific character. The pore, however, at the base of the 
scutellary stria is very distinct, and in my experience always absent 
from the other two species. 

9, Queen's Road, South Norwood, Surrey : 
March, 1905. 


Since the publication of my note on the capture of this species 
in Sheppey, M. Bedel has been kind enough, to send me & $ oi M. 
spinosus,^Y., ivom La Bernerie (Loire-Inferieure) and a ? of the very 
closely allied. M. vulneratus, Ab., from Arronville, near Paris (Seine 
et Oise). On comparing these specimens with the Sheppey insect 
I find that the latter is really referable to M. vulneratus, and must 
bear that name. 

The two species are in fact very similar, M. vulneratus differing 
from M. spinosus in its narrower, elongate form, the more slender 
antennae, and the absence of the erect blackish hairs on the elytra. 
Both insects are found upon rushes in marshy places. The distribu- 
tion of M. vulneratus, so far as at present known, is somewhat re- 
markable : France (Arronville) ; Saxony (Eisleben) ; Austria Hungary 
(Neusiedlersee) ; Eoumania (Macin, Dobrudscha) ; and Persia. 

1905.] g9 

In Abeille de Perrin's Monograph, M. vulneratus is treated as a 
variety of M. stranf/ulatus, Ab. ; but later on, on the discovery of the 
S, he separated it as a distinct species (Bull. Acad. Marseille, 1900, 
Sep. p. 18). 

I am indebted to M. Bedel for these particulars, M. Perrin's last 
paper not having been seen by me. It is not unlikely that Mulsant 
confused two species under M. spinosus. 

Mr. J. J. Walker, it may be added, has also found a specimen of 
M vulneratus in his collection. It was taken at Sheerness, probably 
in 1804. 

Horsell, Woking : 

February Wth, 1905. 


Antenna, head, thorax with patagia, abdomen and legs (which are pale-ringed 
at the joints), all deep fuscous above. Fore-wings of the $ dull fuscous-black, of 
the ? dull black, with the extreme base white, except on the costa. An elongate 
white patch, just inside the second line and rather above the middle of the wing, is 
always present and well pronounced in the ? , and occasionally so, though usually 
nearly or quite obsolete, in the S ■ The second line is generally more or less 
noticeable, owing partly to its being sometimes a shade blacker than the ground- 
colour, but chiefly to the presence of a narrow dirty whitish line, sometimes obsolete 
towards the costa, bordering it posteriorly. There is a rather broad subdentate 
white subterminal line, often obsolete near the costa, and a narrow black discal mark 
is discernible above the inner edge of the white patch. Rind-wings a little paler 
than the fore-wings, with the extreme base white, a narrow black discal mark, a 
black postmedian line bordered externally by a narrow dirty whitish line, and a 
more or less well-defined white or whitish undulate subterminal line. Cilia of all 
the wings pale brown, with a black central transverse line, and the basal half much 
speckled with black. Under-side of all the wings hoary-drab, with a dark discal 
mark, a faint postmedian and a more conspicuous subterminal whitish line, and a 
very narrow blackish terminal line : cilia as above, but with the basal half not 
black speckled. 

This extreme melanic form, which appears to be undescribed, has, 
I believe, only been found in Kent, where it has been sparingly taken 
by Mr. Edward Goodwin, of Wateringbury, who has also reared it 
from ova obtained from captured females. I am much indebted to 
Mr. Goodwin for his kindness in placing at my service, for the pur- 
poses of this notice, the finest bred examples of this grand aberration 
that his cabinet contains, and in enriching my collection with speci- 
mens of it. The great majority of black and blackish Lepidoptera 

90 [^P"i. 

fade, rapidly in nature (owing to exposure to the light), and slowly in 
the cabinet, towards brown, and this seems to be no exception to the 
general rule. 

Evidence that has reached me from various sources establishes 
the fact that, during the last few years, Kent has proved surprisingly 
rich in dark and extreme melanic forms of Lepidoptera. 

Norden, Corfe Castle : 

February Mh, 1905. 

[This variety was partially described, but not named, by the late Mr. C. G. 
Barrett in Ent. Mo. Mag., August, 1903, p. 200.— G. T. P.]. 

The genus Aphodius, Illiger, in the Isle of Man. — The following notes summa- 
rize my experience with the genus Aphodius in the Isle of Man during the last few 
years. The Rev. H. A. Stowell evidently did not devote much attention to this 
group during the time he collected in Manghold Parish, 1860-62, for in his sum- 
mary of the Manx Coleoptera (Zoologist, 1862) he allots but 18 species to the 
Lamellicornia, and in his paper only specifically mentions A. rufipes, noting its 
nocturnal habits and the fact of its often flying to light. 

The following species I have met with, as a rule commonly, in the various 
localities in the Island where I have collected : — 

Aphodius fossor, L., A. fimetarius, L., A. merdarins, F., A. purtctato-sulcatus, 
Sturm, A. prodromus, Brahm, A. contaminatiis, Herbst, A. rufipes, L., and A. ater, 
de G., the last mentioned occurring in great abundance, especially on the hills 
in stercore ovino, being accompanied by occasional examples of the variety with 
dull red elytra, the A. terremis, Kirby. These eight species belong to the group of 
Aphodii, all of which are common and widely distributed throughout the British 
Isles, probably no district of the size of the Isle of Man having any of them absent. 

A. erraticus, L. : about 20 specimens have occurred in stercore equina, usually 
in company with A. luridus: Bradda Hill, 26.5.03 ; Mull Hills, 21.5.03 ; Poolraish, 

A. fastens, F. : has occurred singly as follows : Mull Hills, 20.8.02 ; Colby, 
17.9.03; Silverdale, Malew, 10.7.01. 

A. nitidulus, F. : one specimen in stercore equino. Mull Hills, 10.8.03. 

A. rufescens, F. : seven specimens in stercore equino ; Bradda, 18.8.03 ; Derby- 
haven, 13.8.99,; Kirk Michael, 31.8.01 ; Mull Hills, 2.8.03, 13.9.02. 

A. lapponum, Gyll. : six specimens taken by Mr. W. R. Teare, 24.5.03, near 
the Round Table between South Barrule and Cronk Fedjag, in stercore ovino by 
the roadside at a height of 1000 feet. This is an interesting addition to the sparse 
Manx List of northern mountain species. 

A. porcus, F. : a few examples have occurred : Poi-t St. Mary. 13.9.03, one 
specimen on surface of rock pool on the shore : Mull Hills, 23.9.03, three specimens 
in stercore ovino et equino ; Colby Glen, 17.9.04, one specimen by sweeping. 

A. pusillus, Herbst : about a dozen specimens have occurred in stercore equino 
et ovino; Calf Sound, 26.5.02; Bradda, 25.5.04; Mull Hills, 6.6.04 ; Colby Glen, 
11.6.04; Poolraish, 26.5.04. 

A. obJiteratus, Panz. : one specimen at Kirk Michael, 31.8.01. 

A. luridus, F. : has occurred in some numbers at various localities in the south 

1905.] 91 

of the Island :— Mull Hills (200-400 ft.) 11.5.03,29.5.04, 6.6 04; Bradda (250- 
400 ft.), 30.4.04, 28.5.04, 5.6.04; Carnanes and Surby Mountain (500-6UO ft.) 
22.5.04, 10.7.04 ; Colby Glen, 27.5.04, 5.6.04 ; Poolraish, 26.5.04. I have chiefly 
met with this species on the hills in sfercore ovino et equiito, but I have also found 
it on the low limestone cliffs at I'oolvaish, and one specimen I swept in Colby Glen. 

Out of a total of 100 specimens, eight of the variety with black elytra occurred. 
No examples with the elytra testaceous, and only the striae dark wei'e found, but two 
examples have the black markings on the interstices small and faintly marked. A 
small proportion of the specimens may be called dark varieties, the black markings 
being longer than in the prevailing form, and in some cases coalescing. 

Though generally distributed throughout England, Wales, and Scotland, this 
species appears to be very local in some districts ; for instance, it is quite rare in 
Lancashire and Cheshire. Tt is also rare in Ireland, being recorded from only 
four localities in Ulster, Connaught, and Munster. 

A. depres-tus, Kug. : I have met with fifteen examples : Bradda, 31.5.03, 7.9.02, 
6.9.03; Mull Hills, 21.5.03, 29.5.04, 6.6.04; Ballagawne, Eushen, 28.5.03; Car- 
nanes, 22.5.04. Four of these specimens have the elytra of a distinct reddish 
colour, except near the base, which is blackish ; two have a slight dark reddish 
tinge on the disc and apex ; the rest are of the usual black colour. 

There are therefore, up to the present tiine, 18 species of the genus Aphodius 
recorded from the Isle of Man. A. sci/balarlus, F., should certainly occur, and wilj 
in all probability be met with on the coast, more especially in the sandy district to 
the north. A. sordidus, F., A. putridus, Sturm, and A. plagiatus, L., though 
local species may possibly occur in the Isle of Man, judging from their distribution 
infGreat Britain and Ireland. A. fcetidun, F., might possibly be found, seeing that 
A. lapponum, Gyll., occurs. 

A. constans, Duft., and A. granarius, L., might just possibly occur, the former 
having been recorded from Cheshire, Yorkshire, and Northumberland, and as 
common in the Foyle District, Ireland, and the latter species being frequent 
on the Lancashire and Cheshire coasts, and being recorded from the Foyle District 
and near Belfast. We should perhaps expect A. inquinatus, F., to be present on 
the coast, though it must be noted that it has not yet been discovered in any 
locality in Ireland. It is generally distributed throughout the greater part of 
England and Wales, becoming rai-er towards the north and local in the Tweed and 
Forth Districts of Scotland, and it is a very common species on the Lancashire and 
Cheshire sandhills. Mr. E. J. Burgess-Sopp in " The Entomologist's Record " for 
May, 1904, describes an immigration flight of this species on April 16th, 1904, at 
Birkdale and Ainsdale on the Lancashire coast, and suggests that the swarm may 
have come from Cheshire or North Wales, being blown out to sea and then back to 
land towards sunset. The possibility of a portion of such a swarm alighting in the 
Isle of Man certainly suggests itself, and on May 14th, 1904, I found the abdomen 
and elytra of an Aphodius which may possibly be this species, in a hollow on the 
sand dunes near the Point of Ayre, Isle of Man. — J. Haeold Bailey, Port Erin, 
Isle of Man : January \st, 1905. 

Note on Ocyusa maura, Er., and 0. picina, Aube. — With reference to the dis- 
tinctions between Ocyusa maura, Er., and Ocyusa j^icina, Aube, there is, in 

92 [April, 

addition to the characters pointed out by Mr. Newbery (see Ent. Mo. Mag., vol. xv, 
2nd series, p. 252), one that does not seem to have been mentioned, and that is the 
comparative length of the posterior tarsi. The character would probably be useless 
for naming a single specimen, but is very plain when series of both insects are 
placed side by side, and will at once enable a row to be checked. Mr. Newbery has 
also pointed out to me another difference between the species to which he tells me 
attention is called by Rey (Aleochariens, Fam. Aleocharaires, p. 420), viz., the 
number of impressed segments of the hind body. I should then propose to dis- 
tinguish the two species thus : — 

(a) Antennae more robust ; hind tarsi longer, nearly two-thirds the length of the 

tibiae ; four segments of abdomen transversely impressed at base... 

picina, Aube. 

(b) Antennae less robust ; hind tarsi shorter, about one-half the length of the tibiae ; 

three segments of abdomen transversely impressed at base maura, Er. 

The colour of the legs is very deceptive, and even that of the antennae cannot 
be trusted. I have a specimen of 0. maura from Ashtead, Surrey, in which the 
legs are quite light, while in all my O. picina they are infuscate. — Arthue J. 
Chittt, 27, Hereford Square, S.W. : March, 1905. 

Gi/rophsena pulchella, Heer, in Scotland. — Among my Forres insects taken in 
1892 I see I recorded (Ent. Mo. Mag., 2nd series, vol. iv, p. 259) Oyrophmna affinis, 
but for many years all the GyropheencB taken at Forres belonging to this section 
with long joints to the antennae have been standing in my collection as G.pulchella. 
I have no doubt that the record of G. affinis was an error, inserted by me before T 
had examined the male characters. G. pulvhella seems usually very rare, but was 
in fact abundant on large fungi growing on the borders of the sandhills in a belt of 
birch aud other trees near Kingcorth. I believe this is the first record out of the 
London district for G. pulchella, Heer. The insect referred to in the same 
article as possibly Somalota valida have been identified by Mr. Newbery as S. 
incognita, Sharp, the 7th segment of the $ being truncate, and not crenulate. I 
had other specimens of S. incognita from Forres, and I think there can be little 
doubt as to correctness of the determination. — Id. 

Longitarsus curtus, All., in Kent. — Last October I took near Dodington, Kenff 
a single example of a Longitarsux, which agrees in all respects with the specimen 
of L. curtus which Mr. Tomlin was good enough to give me. I am told, however, 
that my insect does not agree with Allard's description, but as in this difficult 
genus not even puncturation can always be relied on, I offer no opinion, but merely 
record an undoubted fact. — Id. 

[I have long had specimens of the same species, from Caterham and Arundel, 
standing in my collection as L. atriceps, Kutsch. — G. C. C] 

Neoclytus erythrocephalus, F., in Lancashire.— I received lately two specimens 
of a Longicorn beetle from Mr. F. R. Dixon-Nuttall, of Prescot, Lancashire, which 
had been taken in an ash tree felled on a farm in that district. The beetle proved 
to be this North American species. The occurrence of isolated examples of this 
and other species of exotic Longicornia is of course not unusual in England. In 



this case, liowevci', the interest of the record lies in the fact tliat these specimens 
had been bred here and were taken from the larval gallery seven inclies from the 
outside of the tree. Tliis was testified by a jiiece of the wood which Mr. Dixon- 
Nuflall was good enough to send me displaying the galleries. A credible explana- 
tion of the origin of the progenitors of these specimens is afforded by tlie fact that 
some years ago new gate posts were nut down in or near this farm, some of which 
were made of American ash. — W. E. Sharp, South Norwood : March 10th, 1905. 

[The late Mr. P. B. Mason has recorded the capture of N. erythrooephalus , 
with another North American species, N. caprea, Say, at Burton-on-Trent, in an 
ash tree which had been brought from Carrick-on-Suir, Ireland, cf. Ent. Mo. 
Mag., vol. xxxiii, p. 91 (1897).— J. J. W]. 

Anifiotoma farva, Er., at SJceynes'^. — (hi Sept. 11th, 1904, at Skegness, Lines., 
by searching in the hollows on the sand-hills between 5 and 6 p.m. I took amongst 
a host of common beetles, 5 AnUotomas made up of one A. dubia, Kugel. (small 
var.), one A. oj^a^ix, Schm., and three of the rare A. furva, Er. ftwo ? , one (J). 
They have been examined and the names kindly supplied by Mr. G. C. Champion. — 
E. W. MoESE, 9, Hill Top Mount, Roundhay Road, Leeds : March I6th, 1905. 

Ptinus tectus, Boield. : Synonymic note. — This species was first introduced by 
Boieldieu in his " ilonographie des Ptiniores " (Ann. Ent. Soc. Fr., 1854, 652). 
He gives P. pilonus, White (Voy. Ereb. Terr., 1846, xi, 8), as a synonym, and this 
synonymy has been reproduced in various catologues. The type of White's ^j7o«m» 
(which is labelled " pilosulun") is in the British Museum. Boieldieu's type isin the 
possession of M. Bedel, and he has been kind enough to carefully compare British 
specimens received from me with this type. Upon comparing these with White's 
pilosus, it is evident that there is not the slightest resemblance between them. 
White's insect is an elongate, parallel-sided insect, with close, decumbent, somewhat 
greenish-grey pubescence, and is from New Zealand. It is remarkable that in some 
points Boieldieu's description iigrees better with White's insect than with my 
examples referred to above ; indeed, the description is a bad one for what we now 
call Ptinus tectus, nor does it altogether accord with White's pilosulus. — E, A. 
Newbeey, 12, Churchill Road, Dartmouth Park, N.W. : February Ihth, 1905. 

Diptera in the New Forest. — Mr. A. E. Gibbs, of St. Albans, has lately sent 
me for determination a number of Diptera collected for him by Mr. W. Brameld, 
of Brockenhurst. Among them are several species which may be worth mention 
as usually rare, though some of them are not uncommon in the New Forest. I 
cannot give the dates and localities, but all were taken in that district and almost 
all in 1904. 

Of the Neynatocera I would only mention Limnobia annuJus, Mg. A fine 
and very local species, and Pedicia rivosa, L., not perhaps uncommon, but a large 
and very handsome insect. 

Of the Brachycera—Atylotusfulvus, Mg.,and Chrysops quadrata, Mg., seem to 
have been common in the Forest, as well as several other Tabanidae. To these may 
be added the pretty Oxycera jmlchella, Mg , the exotic looking Anthrax fenes- 


94 [April. 

tratus, Fin., and the strange little Oncodex f)ibbosiis,'L. Tlie Si/rphidre were well 
represented, though mostly by common species ; the following, however, are usually 
scarce, Melangyna quadrimaculata, Verr., Xanthogramma citrofasciatum, Deg., of 
this there was only one specimen, thoagli there were several of the much commoner 
X. ornatum, Mg., Eriitalis cryptarum, F., J and ? , Xylota lenta, Mg., and Chry- 
sotoxum elegans, Lw. ; this latter though usually scarce would seem to be not 
uncommon in the Forest. 

The best Conopidie were Conops vencularis, L., ^ and ? , and C. cerilformis 
Mg., the former used to be considered a great rarity, but is apparently not so now 
To these I would add Sypoderma? lineatiim, VilL, probably common in the larva 
state, the two fine Tachinids, Echinomyia grosaa, L., and Alophora hemiptera, F., 
neither of which seem scarce, Helomyza pectoralis, Lw., Phieoniyia fuscipennis, 
Mg., Pteropwctria afflicta, Mg., and P. palustris, Mg., and last, but not least inter- 
esting, the rare Icterica westermanni, Mg., of which ten specimens were taken by 
sweeping rushes at Milford soon after harvest. 

Mr. Andrews has kindly sent me a list of species from the New Forest, taken 
during the last and previous seasons. The following seem worthy of mention, 
besides those given in his note (Ent. Mo. Mag., March, 1903, p. 71), Xanthandrus 
comtus, Harr., Didea fasciata, Mcq., D. intermedia, Lw., T^olucella inanis, L. (taken 
by Mr. Brameld), Mallota cimbiciformis, Fin , and Myiolepta luteola, Gmel. — E. 
N. Bloomfield, Guestling : March, 1905. 

Rhamphomyia tenuirostris, Fal., taken in the New Forest. — Among some 
Diptera recently received from Mr. Carter was a specimen of this species, taken in 
Arran, and on placing it in my cabinet I was surprised to find three specimens under 
this name, about which I had quite forgotten. On referring to my catalogue they 
proved to have been taken at Lyndhurst ; two in September, 1900, and the other in 
September, 1901 ; and there is also a note showing that at the time I was doubtful 
as to the name being correct, as this species is not included in the British list. 
Mr. Grimshaw, in his " Diptera Scotica," records a single female taken at Glencorse, 
September 8tli, 1898, and adds : " The only other British record of this species 
with which I am acquainted is that given by Col. Yerbury in the ' Irish Natui'alist,' 
March, 1902,' where he mentions a specimen taken at Loo Bridge, in Ireland." 
Curtis, however, recorded it about the year 1825 from a female specimen taken in 
the Isle of Wight, so although it may not be often met with, it is evidently widely 
distributed. I am informed Mr. Grimshaw considers the generic name, Macros- 
tomus, Wied., has priority. — F. C. Adams, 50, Ashley Gardens, S.W. : March 
2nd, 1905. 

Dr. Renter on the Urostylinss. — In his interesting remarks on this subfamily of 
the Pentatomidss {ante, p. 64), Dr. Reuter — who follows Dallas in considering that 
the Urostylinx constitute a distinct family — has made some reference to my first 
volume on the Rhynchota of British India, which may perhaps create a wrong im- 
pression. His remarks may be taken to suggest that I have not noticed his genus 
Eurhynchiocoris, which he described in 1881. This, however, is not the case ; at 
the foot of my Synopsis of the genera I have added the following note : — " The 

1905.] 95 

genus described by Renter under the name of Murhynchioeoris belongs to this sub- 
l?ainily, but I have not seen it, and it is impossible from the description to arrange 
it in the synopsis, as Renter has not mentioned the presence or absence of ocelli." 
At pp. 312-13, I have enumerated the genus and species, copying his description, 
Including the length of rostrum, but stating that I had not seen them. 

Dr. Renter also remarks that the structure of the spinous odoriferous orifices 
is reproduced in Distant's drawings, " although he has not attached any particular 
weight to it." This criticism needs qualification ; so far from attaching no weight 
to this character, I have throughout the volume, with few unavoidable exceptions, 
given a careful figure of that character with each generic illustration. 

In my introduction I stated, " I have not attempted written descriptions of such 
details as the important but obscure odoriferous apertures to be found in the meta- 
sternum. These, by the aid of joint effort with the artist, have been so accurately 
portrayed, as to prove that a good figure of a functional structure is far more 
trustworthy than any diagnostic composition." 

As I have stated, these volumes on the Rhynchotal fauna of British India are 
faunistic publications, and not taxonoraical treatises, and the editorial decision is 
that brevity in description is better followed. However, I expect that both Dr. 
Renter and myself agi'ee on most points, save that with most Rhynchotists I regard 
the JJrostyl'mse as a subfamily only of the Pentatomidie, and that I attach more 
importance to the presence or absence of ocelli than he— possibly through an inad- 
vertence — appears to do. — W. L. Distant, Steine House, Selhurst Road, South 
Norwood : March, 1905. 


Alfred Beaumont. — It is with sincere regret that we record the death of 
Mr. Alfred Beaumont, which took place suddenly at his residence at Gosfield, 
Essex, on the evening of Monday, February 21st, in the seventy-fourth year of his 
age. He was a subscriber to this Magazine from its commencement, and an 
occasional contributor to its pages, but he wrote little himself on his Entomological 
work, often preferring that others should record his captures and observations, as 
the Entomological Journals and books show. He was one of the oldest field 
naturalists in the country, and almost the oldest Fellow of the Entomological 
Society of London, having been elected in 1851. 

Born at Honley, near Huddersfield, his early schooldays were spent at 
Storthes Hall, under the tutorship of the late Mr. Peter Inchbald, who in his 
day was well known throughout the country as a successful Entomologist. As 
schoolfellows he there met the late Mr. J. W. Dunning and Mr. T. H. AUis, both 
of whom with himself soon imbibed their master's zeal for Entomology, which all 
three retained to the end of their lives. It was at Storthes Hall too, we believe, 
that he first met as a visitor to Mr. Inchbald the late Mr. H. T. Stainton, and the 
subsequent long years of intimate friendship between Inchbald, Stainton, Dunning 
and Beaumont was only broken by the death of each. On leaving school, Mr. 
Beaumont joined his father's lai'ge woollen manufacturing business at Steps Mills, 
Honley, and subsequently became the head of it. He early became associated with 
the Huddersfield Naturalists' Society, then chiefly composed of working men, and 

96 [April, 

by his active and enthusiastic interest in it, soon inarle it a large and prosperous 
Society. For a considerable period, now nearly forty years ago, ho was its Presi- 
dent, and the life and vigour he put into it are well remembered by those of its 
members who still survive. He used to take the lead in the inauguration of large 
and successful exhibitions of natural history specimens, of a fortnightly duration in 
one of the then largest halls in the town. 

At that time Beaumont was as keen an Ornithologist as he was a Lejiidopterist 
and his fine collection of British birds was known far and wide, as well as his collec- 
tion of Lepidoptera which contained many valuable species. 

Nothing could exceed the generosity of Beaumont in the matter of his dupli- 
cates. Tt was his delight to spread open his boxes before his friends, and absolutely 
make them take out everything they wanted ; whilst his scorn for the too prevalent 
system of bargaining with duplicates, was intense. Nor can the writer forget the 
happy days long ago when Beaumont used repeatedly to drive him (then little more 
than a schoolboy) for an afternoon's collecting in the woods at Storthes Hall, nor 
the enjoyable repasts at the Inn near by, when the day's work was over. 

On the removal of Beaumont from Honley, his collections were disposed of, 
with the exception of a few of the rarities from each which he retained. The birds 
now form the chief portion of the beautiful collection in the Museum of the 
Technical College, Huddersfield. 

After a prolonged visit with his wife to Mr. and Mrs. Stainton at Mounts- 
field, he settled in 1884 near his friend's residence at Lewishain. Beaumont's zeal 
for collecting soon again impelled him to active field work, but his energies were 
now directed to several of what have been termed the "neglected orders of insects." 
He did splendid work among the Coleoptera, Utpnenoptera, Neuroptera and 
Diptera, repeatedly finding species new to the British List, and in some cases new 
to Science. Perhaps his favourite locality of late years was the lovely district of 
Oxshott in Surrey, where he detected as new to Britain the interesting lace-wing 
fly, Chrysopa dorsalis, and we believe several species of Rymenoptera. He seemed 
never tired of collecting and setting his captures, and up to the time of his death, 
his setting of the most minute insects was a marvel of neatness. But the naming of 
his captures was always irksome to him ; he usually sent his doubtful species to 
specialists, often to their advantage, as they fi-equently were allowed to retain the 
specimens of even new species, if there happened to be more than one of each. In 
1885 Beaumont, whilst stripping off bark searching for beetles, at Lewisham, 
happened to come across the then rare Oclinenheimeria vacculella, and afterwards 
found that the moth was very plentiful under bark in the district. He used to 
relate with great glee the story of his introduction of Mr. Stainton to the species. 
Calling on Mr. Stainton at Mountsfield to acquaint him with his find, Beaumont told 
him he could almost guarantee to find the moth in his (Mr. Stainton's) own 
grounds. Mr. Stainton was incredulous, but on Mr. Beaumont's invitation he 
walked into the garden with a supply of boxes. Mr. Beaumont very soon found 
for him the insect in plenty, and by the time they had got round the grounds 
Mr. Stainton had not only filled his boxes with a " Micro " he had never even 
suspected to occur there, but had been obliged to transgress one of his own favourite 
sayings, which was, " never put more than one moth in a chip box," for numbers of 
his boxes contained two apiece ! 

1905.] 97 

On relinquishing eominercial life more than two years ago, Mr. Beaumont 
removed from London to the pretty village of Grosfield, in Essex, where he and his 
estimable and devoted wife had made a charming home, and where tiiey hoped to 
have spent a few more years together, in the quiet pursuits of country life. This 
they had every reason to anticipate, as Mr. Beaumont had all his life been a strong, 
active man, and it was only a few weeks ago (hat an apparently slight heart 
trouble gave cause for uneasiness, but on the evening of the day already mentioned, 
whilst actually sitting at the table working at his insects, he suddenly passed away. 
Truly he died in harness. 

He was twice married, but lost his first wife many years ago, when the beautiful 
Ohureh at Wilshaw, near Huddersfield, was erected to her memory. Hia second 
wife survives him, and we are sure that the sympathy of all his Entomological and 
other friends will go out to her in the heaviest of all blows wliich could have come 
upon her. — G. T. P. 

Frederick Octavius Pickard- Cambridge, B.A., F.Z.S., M.B.O.U., whose tragic 
death took place at Wimbledon on February 9th last, at the age of forty-four, was 
born at Warmwell, Dorset, where his father, a member of a well-known county 
family, was Rector for many years. Having gi-aduated from Exeter College, Oxford, 
whither he proceeded from Sherborne School, he held a private tutorship before his 
Ordination, after which he served for a time as a Curate at Carlisle. Subsequently, 
however, abandoning his profession, he resided near London, illustrating and 
writing works on Natural History, and only shortly before his death he obtained an 
appointment as Arachnologist in the British Museum. Fired some years ago, by the 
enthusiasm of his uncle, the Rev. O. P. Cambridge, F.R.S., Frederick thenceforth 
devoted himself specially to the study of the Arachnida, on which group his con- 
tributions to Science have been very numerous and valuable. A keen, all-round 
Naturalist, however, he paid some attention at various times to the Coleoptera (his 
captures of Scyhalicus oblongiuscidus in Dorset being particularly noteworthy), 
Lepidoptera and Neuroptera— to say nothing of Ornithology and Oology, and was 
an excellent observer and collector, gifted, moreover, with exceptional ability with 
both pencil and brush. A pleasant companion, with a strong vein of humour that 
often found play in clever sketches, adding point to his amusing letters, the _ 
subject of this notice, who was never married, will be sorely missed by his many 
relatives and friends. — Eustace R. Bankes. 

The Rev. Francis Walker, D.D., F.L.S. — We regret to learn of the death of 
this amiable Entomologist, which took place recently at his residence at Crickle- 
wood. The only son of the late well-known Francis Walker, of the Natural History 
Department of the old British Museum, he early devoted himself to the study of 
insects, and especially to that of exotic butterflies, of which he formed a large collec- 
tion. Although he wrote little, if anything, of serious scientific value, his notes on 
the Entomology of Iceland, Palestine, and other countries that he visited at various 
times, are vei'j pleasant and interesting. He was a Fellow of the Linnean and of 
the Entomological Society, having joined the latter as long ago as 1870, and his 
portly presence and genial address will be greatly missed from its meetings. 

98 [April, 


The South London Entomological and Natural History Society: 
December 8th, 1904.— Mr. K. Step, F.L.S., Vice-President, in the Cliair. 
Mr. Grosvenor, of Red Hill, Surrey, was elected a Member. 

Ml". Tonge, a donation of some 35 species of British Lepidoptera. Mr. Main, 
Orthoptera from Borneo and the Cape. Mr. West, a specimen of the extremely rare 
Coleopteron, Tropiderea sepicola, taken by him in tlie New Forest in the summer of 
1904. Mr. Edwards, the parasitical bee, Cunlioxyn elonqata, from Blackheath, and 
read notes on its habits. Mr. Dobson, series of Geometra vernaria and Aglossa 
cvprealis, which had come to light at dusk around his house at Maldon. The 
remainder of the evening was devo(ed to an exhibition of lantern slides by Messrs. 
Tonge, ova of Lepidojttera, Goulton and Step, Lepidopterous larvse, and Main 
resting positions of larvse and imagines of Lepidoptera. 

January \2th, 1905. — Mr. E. Step, Vice-President in the Chair. 

The President referred to the death of Mr. C. G. Barrett who had been 
a former President of the Society, and it was unanimously agreed to send a letter 
of condolence to Mrs. Barrett and family. 

Mr. Main exhibited Panorpa communix, and r.germanieaivora Folkestone. Mr. 
Lncas, P. cognata, the rarest British scorpion -fly and the other two species for com- 
parison, with a female of P. cognata taken during the Field Meeting at Byfleet, on 
July 23rd, also Chry.topa ventralis from the same locality. Mr. Goulton, photographs 
of Lepidopterous larvse. Mr. Joy, varieties of Epinephele hyperanthus (1) with 
white ocelli on the upper-side of the hind-wing, (2) with the ocelli on the under- 
side wholly or partially reduced to mere dots = var. arete, and (3) with elongate 
ocelli on the under-side = ab. lanceolata. Mr. E. Adkin gave an account of the 
Annual Meeting of the South Eastern Union of Scientific Societies, which he 
attended as the Society's delegate, and read the Report of the Field Meeting 
held at Eynsford on June 25th, 1904. Mr. Lucas read the Report of the 
Field Meeting at Byfleet on July 23rd, and then showed a number of lantern 
slides illustrative of Protective Resemblance in Insects, kindly lent him by Mr. 
Hamm of the Hope Museum, Oxford. — Henry J. Turner, Hon. Secretary. 

Entomological Society of London : March \st, 1905.— Mr. F. Meeri- 
PIELD, President, in the Chair. 

The Duke of Bedford, K.G., President of the Zoological Society, &c., of Woburn 
Abbey, Beds., and 15, Belgrave Square, S.W. ; M. Lucien Chopard, Membre de la 
Societe Entomologique de France, of 98, Boulevard St. Germain, Paris ; Mr. Wil- 
frid Fleet, F.R.A.S., of " Imatia," Bournemouth ; and Mr. Robert Sidney Mitford, 
C.B., of 35, Redcliffe Square, S.W. ; were elected Fellows of the Society. 

1905.] 99 

The decease of M. Henri F. de Saussure, of Greneva, Honorary Fellow, and ol 
Mr. A. Fry and the Eev. Francis Augustus Walker, D.D., was announced. 

Mr. H. St. J. Donisthorpe exhibited an example of Oxypoda sericea, Hear, taken 
in Dulwich Wood, June I7th. 1904, a species new to Britain ; also O. nic/rina, Wnt., 
with a type lent by Mr. E. A. Waterhouse, to demonstrate that it is not synonymous 
with O. sericea as stated on the Continent ; and O. exigua, which is also there re- 
garded as synonymous with 0. nigrina. Mr. Hugh Main and Mr. Albert Harrison, a 
long series of Colias edusa, with var. helice (bred from one $ helice by Dr. T. A. 
Chapman from the south of France) to show the proportion of type and variety 
obtained ; they also showed the results of similar experiments with Amphidasys 
betularia, bred from a cj var. donbledayaria, atid a type ? taken in cop. at Wood- 
ford, Kssex, in 1903. Mr. R. Priske, a specimen of Relops striatus, with a photo- 
graph showing an abnormal formation of the right antenna, which was divided into 
two branches from the fifth joint. Mr. Percy H. Grimshaw, examples of Hydrotsea 
pilipes, Stein, <? and ? , the latter sex being previously unknown, and specimens of 
Hydrotasa tubercula, Rond., not hitherto recorded in Britain, captured by Mr. C. 
W. Dale and Dr. J. H. Wood in various localities. Dr. F. A. Dixey, some cocoons 
and perfect imagines of hybrid Saturniids, including $ and ? of S. pavonia, L., x 
•S'. pyri, Schiff., with added specimens of both sexes of the parent forms for com- 
parison, the cross product resembling a large iS. pavonia, rather than a small S. 
pyri ; the exhibit further included three <J $ and three ? ? , of which the ? parent 
was S. pavonia, and the i parent a hybrid between S. pavonia J and -S. spini ^ , 
viz., the cross product to which Professor Standfuss has given the name of <S. borne- 
manni. These six individuals had been reared from ova supplied by him, and Dr. 
Dixey gave an account of their life-history; the remaining four examples of the 
hybrid = S. schaufussi, disclosed far less strongly marked sexual differences than 
in IS. pavonia. Prof. E. B. Poulton, groups of Synaposematic Hynienoptera and 
Diptera captured by Mr. A. H. Hamm ; three broken specimens of Papilio hesperus 
taken at Entebbe in 1903 by Mr. C. A.Wiggins, showing that the tails of a Papilio, 
if untouched by enemies, can esulure a great deal of wear ; and Nymphaline butter- 
flies from Northern China, appai-ently mimetic of the male Hypolimnas misippus, 
which is not known to occur in that region. The President, a number of examples 
of Pyrameis atalanta, illustrating the effects of cold season breeding by Mr. Har- 
wood of Colchester, some of them lent by Mr. R. S. Mitford. 

Mrs. De la B. NichoU read a paper on " Butterfly Hunting in British Columbia 
and Canada," illustrated by numerous examples of the species captured during the 
summer of 1904. Sir George Hampson communicated a paper " On three remarka- 
ble New Genera of Micro- Lepidoptera." Mr. Herbei-t Druce, a paper entitled, 
*' Descriptions of some New Species of Diurnal Lepidoptera collected by Mr. Harold 
Cookson in Northern Rhodesia in 1903-4 ; Lycasnidse and Hesperiidx by Hamilton 
H. Druce." Mr. F. Du Cane Godman, a paper entitled, " Descriptions of some New 
Species of Satyridse from South America." Mr. W. L. Distant, a paper entitled, 
" Additions to a knowledge of the Homopterous Family of Cicadidie." — H. Row- 
IAND-Beown, Hon. Secretary. 

100 [April, 1905. 


I took a good deal of interest at Cannes, for some years, in 
Tortrix unicolorana feeding on Axphodelus albus, in the Esterel. 1 
found the study of this species very attractive, owing to the peculiar 
circumstance, that of all the Lepidopterous larvte I knew anything 
of, that of this species is the only one that certainly confers a favour 
ou the plant it devours. T unicolorana occurs as a single larva to a 
plant ; when, very rarely, two occur together, there is little doubt the 
second one is from an egg laid by a second parent, and the accident is 
an undesired one. 

When first the larva shows its ravages, when the Asphodel leaves 
are only a few inches above ground, it looks as if the plant were to 
be severely punished. As time goes on, however, the larval ravages 
do not increase much, and the plant grows vigorously. At one stage 
the outer leaves, or even all the leaves more or less, have a few inches 
of the tips fastened together by the larval silk, the larva living within 
this shelter, the leaves a foot or rather less long, instead of falling 
apart are held together as a tent or sheath over the now just appearing 
flowering stem. It is just at this period that severe frosts occasionally 
occur ; in two different seasons I have seen, in the Esterel, ice an 
inch thick on the rock pools and the little streams, and more than 
twelve inches at trickles of water over rocks and banks. In both 
these seasons I also noticed that tlie flowers of the Asphodel were in 
many cases much injured, but never in those cases where they were 
protected by the tent of 7'. unicolorana. As ihe Asphodel grows and 
the leaves become two feet or moi'e long, the spinning of the larva 
still holds their tips together, and they fall to one side, but look no 
more deformed than if they had been blown so by the wind. The 
total damage to the plant is little more than what appeared in earliest 
spring. A very small price for the plant to pay for insurance against 
damage to its inflorescence by frost. 

Plate II. 

In many parts of the Esterel I have seen nearly every plant of 
Asphodel tenanted by a larva of T. unicolorana. 

Tortrix unicolorana is not so abundant at Hyeres as in the Esterel, 
but it occurs freely enough here on the Asphodelus microcarpus. I 
was naturally very desirous to make the acquaintance of Hastula 
hyerana, of which I knew nothing, except that it was rather later than 
T. unicolorana.^ and replaced it at Hyeres. I was accordingly pleased 

Ent. Mo. Mag., 1905.— Plate IT. 


By an unfortunate oversight the number and title of 
Plate II has been transferred to Plate III. The title of the 
Plate in the April No. should read " Asphodels with Hastula 
liyerana,''' and should be numbered "III." — Eds. 

May, 1905. J 101 

this spring to be able to study the habits of H. hyerana. As T. uni- 
colorann is frequent enough at Hyeres. and a direct comparison showed 
the habits of the two species to be very different, it proved clearly to 
be quite misleading to say in any sense that the one replaces the other. 
The great differences in habit between the two species are that 
H. hyrrana is gregarious, a good many larvae occupying one plant ; it 
eats anywhere, in all directions, eating the flower stem, inflorescence, 
leaves, or anything, and damages the plant seriously. T. tmicolorana 
pupates amongst the leaves it has eaten, and emerges very early, 
pupates in March and emerges by the end of the month, at which 
date the larvge of H. liyerana are becoming full-fed and wandering off 
to make their cocoons, in which they pass the summer as larvae. 

Plate III. 

In March R. liyerana may be found in plants a foot or more high, 
several larvae, up to eight or ten when full grown, probably more 
when younger, are found on a plant. The bundle of leaves are 
fastened together for their whole length, and the larvae may be found 
making galleries between the leaves and through them, and lining 
them with silk, with which they also protect any outer openines. A 
week or two later, in places where the insect was less abundant, and 
where it had not succeeded in tying all the leaves of a plant together, 
but had allowed the flower stem to break through, this would be bent 
and crooked, and evidently unable to fully develop, in these would 
be found one or two larvae of K. liyerana, making their galleries 
amongst the flower buds and into the stem. It was, from his descrip- 
tion, chiefly larvae of this sort that M. Milliere took. It seemed as 
though one or two larvae alone were unable, either by their rapacity or 
by the silk they spun, to prevent the strongly growing leaves from 
developing and separating themselves, as was easily done bj a colony, 
and so they had to take refuge amongst the irregular mass of flower 
buds which, in a well colonised plant, rarely was able to show itself 
at all. 

I gave the larvae, to pupate in, sheets of paper, sufiiciently 
crumpled not to lie quite flatly together, and in the spaces thus 
formed the full-fed larvae seemed to find places that perfectly con- 
tented them. 

The larvae on Lupin tied the leaves together in a very ordinary 
Tortrix fashion, living in a mass of tied together leaves. In my boxes 
they made these into considerable masses, but not more than one may 
see sometimes our common Tortrices do on, for example, a vigorously 
growing bramble shoot. 

102 [May, 

The distribution of H. lu/erana in the south of France appears 
to be very limited, apparently it occurs over a considerable area in 
Spain and Africa. The neighbourhood of Hyeres seems to be the 
only French habitat. I have no data for deciding how far its re- 
striction is due to climate, and how far to food plant. 

At Hyeres its food plant is Aspliodelus microcnrpus, Vir. The 
names and synonyms of these Asphodeli are very pi'ofuse and intri- 
cate, but this species seems now to be recognised by the name micro- 
carpus, and its synonyms sunk. I do not know the distribution of 
this plant westward of Hyeres, but eastward it is very limited (I 
have certainly seen it in various places in Spain, but I am discussing 
the French area). 

At Hyeres the A. microcarpus is widespread, occurring freely on 
the hills close to Hyeres, and down close to the beach at La Plage, 
some two or three miles off. Along the coast and coast hills it is 
more or less abundant eastward at Bormes, Le Lavandou, and Cava- 
laire, though the Tortrix does not seem abundant even if present 
beyond Le Lavandou and at St. Croix, some 27 miles from Hyeres 
the Asphodel ceases. At Ste. Maxime (36 miles) there is no Asphodel 
whatever. Beyond this there is one little patch just past Ste. Raphael, 
and a small field is crammed with it a little way from Agay. The 
Tortrix is apparently not present here. There is also a small 
colony of the plant on the He Ste. Marguerite, Cannes, which I have 
always found very clean from any kind of insect attack. 

The Aspli. microcarpus fails entirely then as, going East, we 
reach the Esterel. A. albus occurs all over these mountains, and in 
places is abundant. Though Tortrix unicolorana, which affects both 
AspJiodeli, is here abundant, there is no trace of H. liyerana. 

Having thus arrived at the conclusion that IL. liyerana is very 
particular as to its food plant, and sticks to one Asphodel and refuses 
another, which can only be discriminated by some little care, and one 
would suppose would be just as palatable, we discover a further fact 
that makes such a conclusion very doubtful. One day Mr. Eaine 
gave me some Tortrix larvae which he had found near Le Lavandou, 
on a rather rare Lupin, Lupinus cryptanthus, Shuttleworth, with a blue 
flower. The same Lupin was common at Ste. Maxime, but it afforded 
no larvae. I nourished these larvae on general principles, expecting 
indeed they might be something good, the plant being a rare one, and 
finally they spun up. I was somewhat astonished to find they did so 
in just the same manner as H. liyerana^ taking in the same way a 
colourless aestivating form. I concluded I had got a good thing, 

1905.] 103 

viz., another Tortrix allied to H. hyernna, not unmixed with doubts 
for which I could remember no possible foundation, except the re- 
semblance, that I had <;ot my cocoons somehow shuffled together. I 
awaited the result with some expectancy, and ultimately there came 
out at the same time as the rest of the hyerana two specimens of that 
species, a pale and a dark one. 

This did not absolve me from the suspicion of muddling them, 
in fact, it rather made it somewhat possible. But having obtained 
eggs, I found the young larvae took very kindly and at once to each 
of two common garden perennial Lupins ; so that the Lupin is clearly 
an alternative food plant. This, considering how common Lupins, of 
one sort or another, if not L. crjiptantJius, are on the Riviera, and not 
unfrequently cultivated as a crop, shows that the localization of 
JS. hyerana cannot be due altogether to the want of available food. 

The Asphodel shoots on my young plants were so weak that a 
few larvfe wrecked ihem at once, so that I should have done nothing 
with the young hyerana larvse but for this unexpected knowledge of 
an alternative diet. 

One of the peculiar habits of this species is that when the larva 
has spun up at the end of March, it does not change to pupa, but 
after a period I do not accurately know, but probably about two 
weeks. In one instance in 1905, spun Feb. 12th, moulted to pale form 
Feb. 23rd ; it moults into a larval form, differing little from that it 
thus quits, except by the paleness and colourlessness of the chitinous 
skin, the skin points are no longer dark and the chitin of the head is 
quite pale, the hairs are about half the length, e.g., the longest on anal 
plate were 2 mm., they are now just 1 mm., the internal anatomy 
exhibits little but pale yellowish fat bodies, so that instead of greyish 
olive-green, the larva is now a pale straw colour, curiously similar to 
that of the imago. It continues in this state till the following 
August before pupating. It possesses jaws very like those it has 
just cast, but uses them for nothing except to eat the cast larval skin. 
It then fixes the cast head, which it does not eat, by a little more 
spinning, before taking the long summer rest. An empty cocoon 
presents, the protruding pupa case, the pale larval skin cast at pupa- 
tion, and a darker larval head behind some silk, and usually one 
pellet of frass. Several cocoons afforded a wretched history of 
cannibalism, probably perpetrated by a few of my last larvae, that I 
thought had done feeding, before they really had, and so in default 
of other food attacked their earlier spun-up brethren. In such a 
case one finds, besides the skin cast at pupation, two ordinary heads, 

K 2 

104 LMay, 

and a pale head and possibly some remains of an sestivating larva, all 
these fixed behind a little silk. In one case I found five heads 
showing that the first cannibal, had been in his turn eaten by a later 

The species was first described by Milliere forty-eight years ago, 
under the name of Hnsiula hi/ernna. His reasons for giving it a new 
genus do not seem now to be approved by the authorities, and they 
have sunk Ilastula as a synonym of Epagoge, Hb. (= Dichelia, Gn.). 
They are probably right, but I estimate (and in this T may be wrong) 
that the new fact of the larva having a special sestivating instar, 
entitles it to a separate genus, at any rate till we learn more of its 
relatives and of what precise value this biological fact is. I, there- 
fore, in these notes re-instate Hastula, Mill., as the generic name. 

The neuration agrees with that of Pandemis, as given by Mey- 

rick, and hardly with that of Epagoge, though all these genera are 

very close together. The pupa rather suggests Pandemis as the 

nearest ally. 

(To he continuedj. 



By Paymaster-in-Chief GERVASE P. MATHEW, R.N., F.L.S., F.E.S. 
(Continued from 2)C(ge 80). 

When the eggs appeared to be near the point of hatching, the 
lids of the chip boxes in which they were deposited were placed in 
the jars so that they just rested against the food, which enabled the 
larvae to crawl to and fro from one to the other, for after feeding, for 
the first week or ten days, most of the little larvae retired again in 
family parties beneath the flakes of chip, but after this period they 
became too large, and had to shelter themselves in the crinkled paper, 
or among their food. They continued to feed and grow in a satis- 
factory manner until the end of the year, by which time many were 
far in advance of the others, and were more than half grown ; then 
some of them began to die off, and so an addition was made to their 
food, and some pieces of DactyUs r/lomerata were introduced. The 
breeding cages were kept throughout the winter upon a table in front 
of a window facing south. Sometimes there was a fire in the room, 
but not regularly. The larvae could not in the strictest sense of the 
term be said to hibernate, for on most nights, whatever the tempera- 
ture might be, a few of them were to be seen crawling about or 
nibbling at their food. It is true that they were not particularly 

1905.] 105 

voracious during uiid-winter, but some of them appeared to have 
laroer appetites than the others, and to grow faster. 

On March 21st, the corrugated paper in all the breeding cages 
was examined, and the tubes were carefully opened, and I was sorry 
to find many dead and shrivelled bodies, so many indeed that out of 
about two hundred larvae that were alive and well at the beginning of 
October only eighty remained. Some of these were now approaching 
full growth, and were removed to moderately large flower-pot breeding 
cages filled with a mixed compost with chopped moss and cocoa-nut 
fibre on the surface for the larvae to pupate in, a wide-mouthed bottle 
for food buried to its neck in the earth, and with the usual wire hood 
and muslin cover. Fresh pieces of rolled corrugated paper were tied 
in an upright position to the wires of the frame. 

On April 13th, as several of the larvae were now apparently full 
grown, I examined the pieces of corrugated paper again, and found 
that two larvae were spinning cocoons composed of bits of paper and 
silk in the tubes, so they were taken out and put in a box with seme 
moss, and all the pieces of corrugated paper were removed from the 
breeding cage By the end of May most of the larvae had disappeared, 
and of the few that remained some were still small. 

When full grown the larvae retired beneath the surface and spun 
a fairly tough cocoon composed of silk and pieces of chopped moss 
and particles of earth, and in this changed to ordinary Aoe^««-shaped 
pupae of a bright, shining, reddish-brown colour. The pupa stage 
lasted from four to six weeks, and a few days before the moth emerges 
the pupa I had removed from its cocoon for the purpose of watching 
began to deepen in colour, and the day before the moth came forth 
had become of a fuscous-leaden hue, with eye coverings nearly black. 

On June 5th the first moth emerged, a fine typical specimen, and 
the offspring of a yellow female, ab. lutea, Tutt. From this date up 
to July 15th, twenty-seven were bred, of which eleven were the red 
ab. riifct, Tutt, the others being all more or less typical, and not one 
of them in any way resembling pallens. The parents were, one 
typical, one ab. rufa, and one ab. lutea. Several ab. rufa were bred 
from each parent, but not one ab. lutea, which seems to be a rare 

I had a small brood of the larvae of L. pallens feeding at the same 
time as those of favieolor, and was able to compare them at various 
stages of their growth, but up to the time of their becoming half 
grown there was not much difference between them, excepting per- 
haps that the latter always seemed to be generally of a warmer 

106 [May, 

colour, less attenuated, lart^er, and more plump. When, however, 
they reached their last skin the difference was much more marked, 
the larvae of yw-y/co/or being then cylindrical, short, and plump, very 
slightly attenuated towards each extremity, and their general colour 
was of a warm reddish-ochreous, and more resembling the larvae of 
lithurffi/ria than those of 'pollens, which are always of a more or less 
cold greyish or putty colour, with very slight tints of ochreous. 'J"he 
larvae of favicolor moreover are considerably larger than those of 
pallens, which are also much more attenuated and more slender. 

Descriptions of LARViE takp:n at differemt periods. 

July 25th. — After second change. Head light reddisli-brown, with a darker 
stripe on each lobe ; whole of the upper surface pale sap-green with darker dorsal 
and spiracular stripes ; under surface mucli paler ; each segment with a few pale 

August 15^A.- -Length about 14 mm. Head pale reddish-brown, reticulated 
with darker dots ; general colour olive-brown ; dorsal stripe darker with a narrow 
pale line in the centre, then a rather broad pale stripe widest on the middle seg- 
ments, followed by a narrow whitish line bordered by a darker shade ; next comes 
the spiracular stripe, which is somewhat broad and grey; the spiracles are black 
and rather conspicuous, those on the second and twelfth segments being much the 
largest; below the spiracles comes a yellowish- white stripe; under surface rather 
paler; there are a few short bristles, those on the head and posterior segments 
being the longest. 

January 10th. — Length, 20 mm. Head pale reddish-brown with a darker 
streak, composed of minute dots, on eacli lobe ; mouth dark brown ; general colour 
oehreous-brown tinged with pink ; dorsal line very narrow, light ochreous, and most 
conspicuous on second to fourth segments, and bordered by a dark clouding on each 
side, particularly on the central segments ; tlien follow sevei-al nai'row stripes or 
lines alternately pale jjinkish-brown and dark pinkish-brown until the broad spira- 
cular stripe is reached, this is light greyish-brown bordered above by a very narrow 
and slightly waved pale line; the black spiracles are seated on the lower edge of 
the spiracular stripe, except those on the third and fourth segments, which are much 
smaller and situated a little above the lower edge ; the subspiracular line is ratlier 
conspicuous, and light pinkish-ochreous, slightly darker along its centre ; under 
surface ochreous-brown ; posterior pair of legs tipped with dark brown ; two minute 
black dots (probably tubercles) placed diagonally on each segment, and a few others 
elsewhere ; a few pale hairs or bristles on posterior segments and head, those on the 
lower part of the head just above the mouth the longest and pointing foi'ward. 

January 2bth. — Head pale wainscot-brown, slightly shining, and irrorated with 
minute darker specks ; a dark streak on each lobe, and a small dark blotch above 
the mouth ; dorsal plate on the second segment of the same colour ; general colour 
of upper surface a warm wainscot-brown ; a narrow pale dorsal line most conspicu- 
ous on the anterior segments, and running through the dorsal plate on the second 
segment; this is bordered on each side by a darker clouding (in some larvas this 

19U5.] 107 

clouding is much more intense than in others) ; tlien comes a rather broad paler 
stripe, then a series of alternate narrow dark and pale stripes or lines until the 
spiracular stripe is reached ; this is rather broad and grey, and the black spiracles 
are seated on its lower edge ; next comes a rather broad and conspicuous oclu'cous- 
white stripe, which, in some individuals, is tinged with pink ; under surface paler 
than the upper and irrorated with some minute dots of a darker shade ; legs 
brown; a few minute pale bristles, those on the head the longest ; length, 20 mm. 
This description was taken from one of a batch of larva; from eggs laid by a female 
of the red variety. 

April I'St/i. — Full groion larva. Length, nearly 40 mm.; cylindrical, rather 
stout and plump ; head pale, shining, yellowish-brown, thickly reticulated with 
darker dots, and with a crescent-shaped streak on each lobe ; general colour a warm 
putty colour, or pinkish-brown, mottled and clouded with darker shades ; dorsal 
line pale and whitish-brown, most conspicuous on the first three segments, and 
bordered on each side by a darker shade ; a subdorsal line of the same colour, but 
rather brighter, and bordered above by a dai'k shade and below by a narrow dark 
line ; a conspicuous brown or pinkish-brown stripe above the spiracles, and below 
them a rather conspicuous pinkish-yellow-stripe ; spiracles small and black, with a 
pale centre and planted in a narrow pale ring ; two minute dark dots on each seg- 
ment between dorsal and subdorsal lines; spiracles on second segment much the 
largest ; under parts paler. The whole surface of the larva is delicately reticulated 
with darker shadings, and they also vary considerably in their colour and depth of 
mai'kings, but the general tone of colour is always more or less of a warm pinkish- 
brown. This description was taken from several larvae of the typical batch. 

April iSth. — Full grown larva. Length, 40 mm. ; cylindrical, rather plump, 
and tapering somewhat towards each extremity ; head porrected, rather flattened, 
greyish-ochreous, reticulated with darker atoms, and with a lunular-shaped stripe 
on each lobe ; general colour pinkish-ochreous, reticulated with darker markings ; 
dorsal line pale and narrow, and clouded on each side with dark brown reticulations ; 
subdorsal line greyish-white, and bordered above by a darker shade ; above the 
spiracles a bi'oader stripe formed of the darker reticulations ; the spiracles, which 
are small and greyish-white, are edged with black, which is again edged with a pale 
ring, and they are seated on the lower margin of the above broad stripe ; the 
spiracle on the second segment is twice the size of the others, while those on the 
third and fourth segments are very small ; below the spiracles there is a broad stripe 
of pale pinkish-ochreous ; under surface pinkish-ochreous ; a few minute bristles on 
the head and anal segments. The whole of the markings are caused, more or less, 
by the arrangement of the reticulations. This description was taken from one of a 
batch of larvae from eggs laid by a dark female ab. argillacea, Tutt. 

lu July, 1903, I sent two batches of eggs of L.favicolor, laid by 
different females, to Mr. A. W. Bacot, and in July, 190J<, I sent him 
a dead pupa, and he has very kindly furnished me with his notes on the 
ova, larva, and pupa ; and also with notes on the ova and young larvae 
of L. pallens, with permission to make use of them in this paper, and 
I think the best way of doing so will be to give his descriptions in 
his own words. 

108 I May, 

"Ova of L. favioolor, Ju\y lUli, 1903.— * * * The eggs wore thrust 
beneath the flakes of wood that had been raised in the lower surface of the lids of 
tlie chip boxes in which they were laid, in small masses. Tliey are practically 
sliapeless, mere transparent skins surrounding the young larva, which can be dis- 
tinctly seen moving its head and mandibles. I fnund that it was impossible to 
detach a sirgle egg witliout rupturing it, so I could only judge of the size in com- 
parison with a scale instead of actually measuring one. As near as I could judge 
they were between 4 and 5 mm. in diameter, and are probably nearly circular when 
laid; now, however, tliey are much wrinkled and shrunken, taking the impression 
of the surfaces between which Ihey liave been forced, but those portions that have 
not come in contact with the sides of the crevice, or another egg, are covered with 
a delicate but sharply cut cell pattern. 

{To be continued). 



{Continued from page 83). 

T. sp.? : Col. Terburj caught three males and two females of a 
Thrypticus at Nairn earl}' in July, 190i, which are certainly distinct 
from T. hellus, as they are very much larger, being in fact as large as 
Medeterus truncarum. Their size also prevents their being T. smaraq- 
dinus Gerst., while T. divisus Strobl. is now considered only a synonym 
of T. hellus ; as however I have doubts as to the correctness of this 
synonymy, I do not venture at the present time to give a name to the 
Nairn species. 

The genus Thri-pticus may be easily distinguished from greenish 
Medeterus by the parallel cubital and discal veins. 

19. RHAPSIUM Meig. 
B. longlcorne Fall. : I have taken this very distinct species in the 
New Forest not uncommonly, and also at Frant (in Sussex or Kent), 
while in Scotland it has occurred freely in Arran and at Kannoch. 

20. MACH^RIUM Hal. 
M. maritimce Hal. : a very widely distributed and common sea- 
coast species, distinguished by its brilliant pale green colour and by 
its long peculiarly shaped antennae. 

Although we have at least fourteen well distinguished species of 
this genus in Britain, only one (P. spinicoxa) can be considered at all 

19U5.] 109 

1 (14) .Middle coxtB with a strong black apical spine. 

N.B.^This spine frequently splits up into two or three closely appro.ximated bristles. 

2 (3) Arista with a leaf-like dilation at tip ; hind femora with one preapical spine... 

1. antennata Carl. 

3 (2) Arista practically normal. 

4 (7) Face black ; beard black or blackish ; hind femora without any preapical spine. 

5 (6) Outer genital liiiuellae (orkcd ; hind tibias yellow, becoming black towards tip ; 

basal joint of front tarsi thin, as long as the other four together, and with a few 
longer thin hairs at tip beneath 2. spinicoxa Lw 

6 (5) Outer genital lanielliB not forked ; beard brown ; hind tibire conspicuously 

whitish from near base to middle, and with apical half dilated, channelled, and 
blackish ; basal joint of front tarsi thin, barely as long as next three together ; 
squamas dark fringed 3. fascipes M eig. 

7 (4) Face and beard white ; hind femora with one or more preapical spines. 

8 (9) Last abdominal segment (the one before the hjpopygiuni) purplish ; 

thorax brilliant green ; hind femora with two or more jjreapical spines ; basal 
joint of front tarsi barely as long as next two together ; outer genital lamellae 
long, not forked, hairy ; front femora almost bare ; large species... 

4. eleffautula Aleig. 

9 (8) Last abdominal segment concolorous with the others ; hind femora with one 

preapical spine. 

10 (1 1) Third joint of antennas longer than arista ; thorax rather dull greenish ; basal 

joint of front tarsi not clubbed and not much longer than second ; outer lamellse 
long, but not exceedingly long, and not bifid ; small species... 

5. iiemorum Meig. 

11 (10) Third joint of antenna shorter than arista. 

12 (13) Last joint of front tarsi with 4-5 remarkable long hairs ; basal joint of front 

tarsi hardly longer than second joint and not dilated at its tip ; thorax dullish 
green 6. rivalis Lw. 

13 (12) Last joint of front tarsi with no long hairs ; lamellse exceedingly long; basal 

joint of front tarsi twice as long as second and clubbed at its tip ; thorax dull 
blackish-green with two black stripes ; arista faintly dilated just before its tip... 

7. patula Radd. 

14 (1) Middle coxae without a strong black apical spine, though a tuft of black 

bristly hairs may occur there. 

15 (16) Last two joints of middle tarsi dilated ; narrow face and beard white ; an- 

terior femora and all coxse with whitish pubescence ; posterior coxse with 
distinct tufts of black bristly hairs ; hind femora without any preapical spine ; 
hind tibiae stout and black ; basal joint of front tarsi longer than rest together 
and clubbed at its tip ; outer lamellie very long, thin and forked... 

8. crassipes Meig. 

16 (15) Last joints of middle tarsi normal. 

17 (20) Front femora with a black pectination beneath ; outer lamelte short and 

broad, not forked. 

18 (19) Face and beard black ; front femora with a strong black pectination beneath on 

the basal third consisting of about nine spines, then quite bare for a considerable 
space, followed on the aisical third (or more) with thin black oiliation ; hind 
femora with one small prcai)ieal spine ; basal joint of front tarsi longer than 
next three together, though the two basal joints are elongate and twisted... 

9. pectinata Lw. 

19 (18) Face and beai'd white ; front femora with a continuous black pectination beneath 

110 CMay, 

though with considerable white pubescence behind ; hind femora sometinios 
with two preapical spines ; basal joint of front tarsi barely longer than second... 

lu. cotisubrina Zytt. 

20 (17) Front Ibmorii witlioiit w black ])ot!tiii!ition bi'iicatli. 

21 (21) Front coxa; and fcinorti with black pubesceiico ; outer lainollic long. 

22 (23) Beard wliitisli ; outer lumellEe not forked ; face narrow, black on all middle 

part ; middle coxio with stiff bristles almost like a small sjnne ; hind femora 
with one small proapical spine ; liasal joint of front tarsi nearly as long as next 
throe together, and bearing some short sijines beneath at or before the middle ; 
abdomen rather silvery 1 1. micans Meig. 

23 (22) Beard black ; outer lamella; conspieuouslj forked ; face black ; basal joint of 

front tarsi Ijaroly longer than second ; abdon)en ncit at all silvery ; middle coxas 
with a faint trace of a tuft of black bristles 12. vasuia Fall. 

24 (21) F" rout coxa) and femora with white pubescence; basal joint of front tarsi 

almost as long as rest together. 

25 (;;<>) Outer lamellsB moderately long and bent at a right angle ; hind femora with 

only apical lialf black ; posterior coxse slightly Wack bristly... 

13. riparia Meig. 

2G (25) Outer lamella? short and tuftetl ; middle cox;c with a .slight black fringe... 

14. penicillata Lw. 

If B. gravipes Wlk. is a disliiict species, it may be distinguished 
from antennaia by its simple arista ; from spimcoxa,fascipes,pecfinaf a, 
micans and nasuta by its white face ; from crassij)es, consohrina, riparia 
and penicillata by its long lamellae ; from elegantula by its dull colour 
and its single preapical s])ine ; from neworum and rivalis by its larger 
size ; and consequently it is reduced to a comparison with P. patula, 
to which it must at any rate be closely allied through its " dark brassy, 
not shining " thorax on which are "two black stripes rather marked." 
I am however not inclined at present to pronounce them identical, 
because Haliday (in Walker) says nothing about a spur to the middle 
coxse, and even if that allied it to P. Jongilamellata Kowarz, I can 
hiirdly believe but that he would have used a stronger term for the 
lamellae than simply "" elongatis,''' and I do not comprehend the hind 
" metatarsus with a short spine above near the middle ;" the character 
of "hind legs black" 1 consider of very little comparative value in 
the males of this genus. 

1. P. antennata Carl. : very rare. 'Ihe British Museum possesses a 

recent male taken at Clifford's Castle, Herefordshire. P. 
discigera IStenh. is very similar, but has no spine on the 
middle coxae. 

2. P. spinicoxa Lw. : not at all uncommon on the leaves of shrubs at 

the sides of paths in woods in Sussex, Hants, and Kent. It 
is easily known by its black face, spined middle coxae, and 
forked lamellae. 

1905.] Ill 

8. P. fasct'pes Meig. : Walker's description of this species is unmis- 
takable, and ho says " Not rare (B. I.)-" I have not met 
with it niysell:', but Dr. D. Sharp took a male in the New 
Forest about the beginning of September, 1901. 

4. P. eleganiula Meig. : very rare to me, but Col. Terbury has taken 

it at Tarrington and Aviemore. It is a conspicuously hand- 
some species. 

5. /-•. nemorum Meig. : the smallest species of the genus and probably 

not uncommon, but I have only seen stray specimens from 
Somerset, Hampshire, Sussex, Middlesex, and Suffolk. 
G. P. rivalis Lw. : Col. Terbury took one male of this well marked 
species at Aviemore on June 4th, 1904. Its small size and 
peculiarly haired last joint of the front tarsi distinguish it 
at once. 

7. P. patula Eadd. : Col. Yerbury took a male at Aviemore on 

August 26th, lI'OO ; the coxal spine upon close examination 
can be seen to be composed of three closely ajjproximated 
bristles. The species is quite distinct from P. longilaviellala 
Kowarz. which 1 possess, and which has no coxal spine, 
coxae, especially the front pair, densely white haired, front 
femora white haired, hind femora black to the very base, 
face much narrower, and arista not perceptibly dilated. As 
I have mentioned above it is very probable that P. gravipes 
Wik., may be a synonym of one of the above species, and 
neither of them ought to have been described as new without 
some reference to it. 

8. P. crassipes Meig. : in various localities from Devonshire to 

Golspie, and sometimes faii-ly common. Becker's P. patelli- 
tarsis from Siberia is an obvious synonym, as all the minor 
distinctions pointed out by him do occur in P. crassipes, and 
therefore instead of adding to its distinction only tend to 
prove its identity. In all probability the outer lamellae in 
his single specimen had the fork broken off, as is not un- 
commonly the case in these long delicate lamellae, or it might 
be concealed in the dried up convolutions. It is only 
another of Becker's innumerable species founded on a single 
specimen ; surely in such cases a mere note of an apparent 
difference should be sufficient without overloading our 

9. P. pectinata Lw. : I caught this species near Richmond in Surrey 

on July 19th, 1868. 

112 [May, 

10. P. consohrina Zett : 1 have caught or seen this species from at 

least Hampshire (New Forest), Lancashire (Silverdale), and 
Haddington (Aberlady). Walker says "common on the 
sea-coast (E. S. I.)-" Why Becker failed to recognise this 
species from Zctterstedt's description I cannot tell, as Walker 
and E-addatz found no difficulty ; it is however obviously the 
same species as Lichtwardt described in 1896 as P. discolor 
Zett., which had previously been described from the female 
only ; whether Zctterstedt's P. discolor is distinct from his 
P. consohrina 1 cannot say. 

11. P. micans Meig. : this species is difficult to place in a dichotomic 

table, because it has almost a spine on the middle coxae, the 
face is so narrow that its colour is difficult to determine, and 
even when determined is black about the middle but whitish 
above and below% while the silveriness of the abdomen is 
easily overlooked ; it is however the only species of Porphy- 
rops which has an approximation to an erect black bristle on 
the front of the hind coxae. I have taken it near Boxhill in 
Surrey at I believe the shingly sides of the Hiver Mole, and 
I have also taken it at Mailing near Lewes and at Henfield 
in Sussex. I have also seen a male in the late Dr. P. B. 
Mason's collection under the name of P. /w/y?/?es. Failing 
to recognise it in 1876 I unfortunately redescribed it as 
new, under the name of P. simplex. 

12. P. nasuta Fall. : there was a male in the late Dr. P. B. Mason's 

collection which was probably taken at Deal, and with it 
was a fragment of a probable female. 

13. P. riparia Meig. : better known as P-iyrcerosa Lw., but described 

by me in this Magazine for February, 1876, as P. tenuis. I 
have taken it at Dovedale, Millersdale, Arran, Kannoch, and 

14. P. penicillata Lw. : a male in the late Dr. P. B. Mason's col- 

lection dated May 16th, 1868 ; probably taken at Deal. 

(To be continued). 




Following up the preliminary observations of 1903, mentioned, by 
Dr. F. A. Dixey at a recent Meeting of the Entomological Society 
(Proceedings, 1904, p. Iviii), I, during August, 1904, examined for 

1905.] 1]^3 

scent many individuals of several species of butterflies at Mortehoe, 
vs'ith the follov^'ing results. With a view to avoid picking and choosing, 
the results of every observation were recorded, and for some days 
every butterfly netted was tested. 

PiERis NAPi, (J (46 examined). 
The highly characteristic scent was often so obvious as to be readily perceived 
when the insect was fluttering in the net, but was ?» every specimen easily detected 
by rubbing the wings while holding the insect under the nostrils. The scent varied 
in intensity; it was very strong in a male netted when courting. The scent, which 
is pleasant, is usually (and with good roason) compared to that of lemon verbena, 
but it is by no means identical therewith. 

PiERis NAPi, ? (35 examined). 
In no single instance was the lemon verbena scent detected. In four cases a 
fainter scent was observed during life, and in eleven cases such a scent was observed 
after the insect's thorax had bepn pinched in the common way of killing butterflies. 
The character of this scent was like that of the (? P. rapie, but fainter. In nine 
cases the results were doubtful ; in eighteen cases no scent was detected. 

PiERis RAP^, (^ (40 examined). 
Two appeared to be without scent ; in nine the result was doubtful ; but in 
twenty-nine a distinct scent was detected. This was not as strong as in the (J of 
the preceding species, so that it could not be made out when the insect was in the net. 
The scent was agreeable, of a somewhat " sticky " character ; it has been compared 
to that of mignonette, but Mr. Selwyn Image's suggestion of sweetbriar is better, 
though the resemblance is not exact. Two consecutive observations were (1) on a 
male taken courting, in this the scent was exceptionally strong ; and (2) on a male 
taken in copula, in which the scent was fainter than the average. It did not 
appear to make any difference whether the wings were rubbed during life or after 
death by pinching. 

PiERis EAP^, ? (39 examined). 

In twenty-nine no scent was detected ; in four after pinching a faint sweetbriar 
odour was detected ; in five the results were doubtful ; in one case only was a fairly 
strong scent observed, this apparent exception greatly puzzled me until the explana- 
tion appeared — a plant of mignonette at my feet ! 

PiERis BRASsiciE, (^ (32 examined). 
In fourteen a distinct though faint scent was detected ; in twelve the results 
were doubtful ; in six they were negative. The scent in this butterfly was so slight 
as to be difficult to detect ; in character it was agreeable, sweet, flowery and " clean." 
It somewhat reminds one of the flower of rape, but a lady's suggestion of orris root 
is better. 

PiEEis BRASSic^, ? (4 examined). 
In two the results were negative, in two doubtful. 

Epinephele janira, cT (34 examined). 
In four there appeared to be a very slight, somewhat pungent odour, suggesting 
old cigar boxes ; thirteen were doubtful ; seventeen gave negative results. 

114 [May, 

EpiNEPHEi.E JANiRA, ? (27 examined). 

One appeared to have a .-cent as in the <? ; eight were doubtful ; eighteen 


Epinepiiele tithonus, (J (81 examined). 

In twenty-three cases the results were negative ; in eight cases doubtful. Even 
in the case of a <? taken courting no scent could be detected. 

Epinephele tithonus, ? (12 examined). 
All these gave negative results. 

Pabauge meg^ra, c? (16 examined). 

In three I detected an odour somewhat like chocolate, but very faint ; in six 
cases the results were doubtful ; in seven negative. At Dr. Dixey's suggestion I 
examined several males in the house, stroking the " brand " with a camel's hair 
pencil, but did not obtain satisfactory results. Apparently my sense of smell is not 
acute enough. 

Pararge MicG^RA, $ (4 exaQiined). 

In one instance the result was doubtful, but in the other three negative. 

Ltc^na ICARUS, (^ (33 examined). 
In twenty-five cases a distinct scent was detected, in one instance it was strong ; 
in seven cases the I'csult was doubtful ; in one case only was it decidedly negative. 
Of a pair taken in copuld the $ had a distinct scent, the ? none. The scent of this 
Blue is entirely unlike that of the Pierines, and may perhaps be compared to that 
of chocolate sweetmeats. Two ladies confirmed the reality of the scent. 

Ltcjbna ICARUS, ? (14 examined). 
Of these nine gave negative results ; four were doubtful ; but one had a distinct 
scent, and I can only suggest as a possible explanation that this specimen had paired. 

Hespeeia sylyanus, (J (3 examined). 
Stroking the " brand " gave negative results. 

Speaking generally pinching the thorax did not seem to have any- 
decided effect, save perhaps in bringing out the very faint odour of 
the $ napi, but in the case of a few of the Pierines it produced a 
foul odour, possibly fcecal. 

There are many difficulties in these observations. Wind may 
interfere ; confusion may arise from tbe scents of flowers or the 
leaves of plants. Then the scales rubbed off and snuffed up the 
nostrils are very irritating to the back of the throat (more especially 
it seems to me in the case of Satyrids), and this irritating quality in- 
creases the diflBculty of appreciating slight odours. The phenomena 
are moreover fleeting, and do not admit of demonstration to others. 
Lastly, the human nose is at best a poor instrument; the sense of 
smell is soon clogged, while on the other hand scents may linger in 
the tortuous nasal cavities. 

1905.] j_]5 

Some ver}^ interesting facts are brought out in Dr. Dixey's paper 
above refei-red to My own observations on the scents of ludian 
butterflies should appear in the Transactions of the Entomological 
Society for the current year. 

Highlands, Putney Heath : 

January \2th, 1905. 


Tn a short paper in this Magazine (Ent. iNIo. Mag., xl, 133) on 
some errors of determination in the Power collection, I stated my 
opinion that the insect standing as Orcliesfes sparsiis, Eahr., w-as only 
a small form of O. ilicis, Fab. In the January No. (Ent. Mo. Mng., 
xli, 20) Mr. Donisthorpe has called in question the accuracy of that 
view, and supported his opinion by stating that Messrs. C. 0. and E. 
A. Waterhouse agree vi-ith him that the insect in question is O. 
sparsus. He then gives some vague generalities which he considers 
are sufficient to separate the two species. 

In order to save the valuable space of this Magazine, I did not 
give the reasons on which I founded my opinion, but as my accuracy 
has been disputed I will now proceed to do so. 

According to modern authors, the differences between the two 
species are structural and subgeneric. Seidlitz (Fauna Transsylvanica, 
2nd ed., 1891, p. 718) distinguishes the two subgenera thus : — 
Antennae inserted in the middle of rostrum ; front femora with a small thorn-like 

tooth in middle of under-side ; hind femora angled or widened tooth-like in 

middle. subg. Orchestes, i. sp. (including ilicis, F., and some others). 

Antennre inserted behind the middle of rostrum, with very short scape. 

subg. Threcticus, Th. (including sparsus, Fahr., and some others). 
Bedel (Fn. Seine, vi, 124) does not make much use of subgenera 
in his work, but places the insects in separate groups and uses much 
the same characters, thus : — 
Scape twice as long as the first joint of the funiculus, and inserted after the first 

3rd of rostrum. q. pUosus, F., = ilicis, F. (and some others). 

Scape scarcely longer than the first joint of the funiculus, and inserted before the 

first 3rd of rostrum. q. sparsus, Fahr. (and some others). 

An examination of the so-called O. sparsus in the Power collection 
will at once show that it has a long slender scape, which is twice as 
long as the first joint of the funiculus, and that the position of the 
antennae on the rostrum corresponds with that given for the subgenus 
Orchestes, i. sp. There can be no question about this, and it is quite 

116 [May, 

evident that Power's insect is not the O. sparsus of the two recent 
and trustworthy authors quoted. It may be said by others that both 
these authors are incorrect, and that we must go only to the original 

Fahraeus's description (Schonherr, Gen. Cure., vii, 2, 375) is too 
long to reproduce here, but the (-'ollowing extracts from it are so re- 
markably appropriate to a type specimen of O. sparsus (which M. 
Bedel, with his usual kindness, at once sent me) that they are well 
worthy of attention. Eeferring to the elytra we find :—''■ Interstitiis 
subseriatim punctulatis ; nigra., liirsufie concolore,pr(Ssertim versus latera, 
ivcequaliter adspersa, lituris niveo puhescentibus, pone medium dorsi 
suh-hifasclatim, alibi variegatim congestis, macula quadranqulari, pone 
scutellum communi, fulvo-tomentosa. * * * Pedes validiusculi, 
nigri, griseo-pubescentes * * * forsis pallide tesfaceis." 

The intensely black colour of the type above referred to, on 
which the snow^-white hair-like scales are so thinly spread as nowhere 
to hide the integument, together with the bright fulvo-tomentose spot 
behind the scutellum, are marked characters, which at first sight 
would prevent the insect from being mistaken for any other British 
species. Again, the intense black of the tibiae and very pale tarsi present 
a remarkable contrast. These characters will not answer the Power 
O. sparsus. The name " sparsus " is a very appropriate one for the 
insect sent me by M. Bedel, which may be described as an O. iota in 
which the scutellary spot is fulvous and the elytra thinly sprinkled 
with thread-like white hairs. Its form is a little shorter and more 
square than that of O. iota. 

I have not seen Mr. Donisthorpe's so-called O. sparsus, nor the 
continental example to which he refers, but as he states that it agrees 
with the Power specimen, it must be incorrectly determined. 

To complete my case, it only remains to prove that the Power 
insect must be O. ilicis, Fab., or a new European species. The 
European representatives of the subgenus OrcJiestes, i. sp., amount to 
eight in all, but five of these have red integuments, those with black 
integuments being fagi, L., quedenfeldti, Gerh., and ilicis. Fab. O. 
fagi has no outstanding hairs, and O. quedenfeldti has, I believe, only 
been found in the east, and has the base of the elytra double as broad 
as the thorax. There only remains O. ilicis, F.,a very variable insect, 
both as to size and markings. It has two named varieties, niqripes, 
Fowl., and irroratus, Kies. 

12, Churchill Road, Dartmouth Park : 
March Uth, 1905. 

1905.J X]^7 

The late Mr. C. Q, Barrett's " Lepidoptera of the British Islands." — I have 
much pleasure in announcing, on behalf of tho late Mr. C G. Barrett, that the 
publication of the remaining portion of the " Lepidoptera of the British Islands " 
left by him in MS. at the time of his decease in December last, will be superintended 
by Mr. Richard South, F. K.S. Sufficient material exists to carry the work to the 
completion of the Tortricina. — C. Gr. Babhett, Jun., King's Lynu : April \lth, 

Amara anthohia, Villa, at Chatham. -After reading in the April Number {ante, 
page 87), VIr. W. E. SJiarp's note on the new British species of Amara, I at once 
carefully examined all my exponents of the two allied species Iticida, Duft., and 
familiarix, Duft., and found tliat I had one specimen of the new species mixed 
with lucida. This specimen was taken at Chatham on the slopes of Darland Hill, 
on March Uth, 1896. When putting it away I noticed that it was bulkier in build 
than the specimens of lucida I had in my collection, which were taken at Deal ; 
but at tliat time I had no Continental books to consult, and I merely considered it 
a large form of lucida. I may add that I sent the specimen to Mr. W. E. Sharp, 
and he has compared it with Continental types, and there is no doubt about its 
correct determination as anthohia ; the two prescutellary pores are very distinct. — 
T. Hudson Beaee, 10, Regent Terrace, Edinburgh : April &th, 1905. 

Lepidoptera in Hertfordshire. — Seven new species have recently been added to 
the County List of Lepidoptera kept by the Hertfordshire Natural History Society, 
all except one having been taken in 19u4. They are (1) Xylina semibriinnea, taken 
at Baldock by Mr. A. II. Foster ; (2) Melanippe galiata, captured at St. Albans by 
Miss Alice Dickinson ; (3) Ant idea cucullata (sinuata), reported both from St. 
Albans by Miss Dickin.son, and from Hexton by Mr. Foster ; (4) Cidaria literata, 
larva beaten at Tring by Mr. A. T. Goodson ; (5) Scoparia angustea, taken at 
Watford by Mr. V. P. Kitchin ; (6) AciptHia galactodactyla, captured at St. Albans 
by Miss Dickinson ; and (7) Ti)iea granella, caught by me at St. Albans. The 
number of species on the Record Book now stands at 1165. — A. E. GiBBS, 
Kitchener's Meads, St. Albans : April 14th, 1905. 

Captures of Hgmenoptera Aculeata during 1904. — A few days devoted to 
Hymenoptera last season were not prolific of many species, but the following list of 
captures may be of some interest. 

A short visit to Little Eaton, near Derby, on May 17th, a cold, cloudy day, 
produced Leptothorax acervorum, Andrena cineraria, A. lapponiea, and A. similis, 
and several common species. 

The best capture of the year was a single example of Prosopis genalis, taken 
near Basingstoke on June 5th, and on the 12th Andrena proxima was met with 
near Compton. A visit to Wellington College on August Bank Holiday was quite 
a failure, a single example of Harpactus tumidus being the best capture. Colletes 
succincta, Mimesa equestris, Ammophila sabulosa, Cerceris lahiata, and Pompilus 
unguicularis wei'e also met with. Leptothorax acervorum also turned up, a few of 
each sex being taken. 

Cilissa heemorrhoidalis , Chelostoma campanularum, and Andrena coitana were 

met with at Lynmonton, Hants, on August 7th, in Campanula flowers, and Andrena 

cetii on Knautia arvensis. 


118 iMay, 

The only otlier species worLli mentioning included Ni/s.son spinosun, Andrena 
fucata, A. angustior, A.dorsata,^nd. Nomada flavoguitala from Woodliay. Epeolus 
ritjtpe a and Nt/ston diniidiatus from Brimptoii. A. very fine Andrena fulva, $, was 
picked up in the road near Welford Park on May Isb. 

I am very niucii indebted to the Rev. F. D. Morice for his kindness in naming 
many of my captures. — P. H. Haewood, 2, Dorchester Villas, Grloucester Road, 
Newbury : March tWi, 1905. 

Larvse of the Stratiomyiidce : an appeal. — I shall be very much obliged to 
any one who will during the coming season supply me with larvse of the Slratio- 
myiidse. I especially want the aquatic forms, particularly 5. ohameBleon which was 
studied by Swammerdamm so many years ago. My daughter and I have been 
interested in the larvse of this family of flies during the last twelve months, and 
have already a considerable series of drawings of the larvse and their anatomy. In 
order to make the points that are emerging clear, it is desirable to have a con- 
siderable variety of forms for comparison, as we find that a good deal of what has 
been written and published on the subject is not so exact as it should be. I shall 
also be glad of any terrestrial forms of these larvse, especially of those that live in 
wood and dung ; and shall be very glad if any one who may send me these larvae 
will give me any hints as to their names. This is at present a point very difficult 
to ascertain, as will be readily believed by those who have taken up the study of 
Dipterous lai-vse. All the larvse we have yet had to do with of this family live a 
very long time, some we think for years, so that it is not very easy to get their 
names by rearing the flies. — D. Sharp, University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge : 
April 12th, 1905. 

JIoiv insects fade. — In the winter of 1894-5 I put aside some insects in a glass 
case for the purpose of proving for myself the extent to which the action of light 
in an ordinary town sitting-room would affect their pigments. The case has hung 
in the same position for ten years, at right angles to the white-curtained window, on 
a level with, and about ten feet away from it. Last autumn, upon examining the 
subjects, I was surprised to note how small a percentage of them had in the least 
degree faded ; in the Coleoptera, whose colours are to a large extent " structural," 
and not " pigmental," this was to be expected, but many of the Lepidoptera, some 
even of the Rhopalocera, were still quite normal in coloration, whereas the Diptera 
and Neuroptera were in each case much affected. The following is a full list of the 
insects treated : — 

Lbpidopteka. — Unaffected : A. adippe, C. vaccinii, S.hyperanthus, N. xantho- 
grapha, A. rujina, X. ferruginea, A. pistacina, V. io, C. edusa, S. tithonus, II. 
lineola, L. alexis, S. semele, A. betularia, A. incanaria, C. pusaria, H. elutata, B. 
hirtaria, U. sambucaria, F. piniaria, J ; V. polychloros, hardly in the least faded ; 
T. pronuba, hind-wings much faded ; 0. caja, very faded throughout ; S. megxra 
SMdi M. per sicarix, &\ig\it\y ; V. maculata, somewhat ; A. liiteata, one side, which 
was more exposed, much more faded than the other ; F. meticulosa, hardly faded ; 
N. c-nigrum, distinctly ; H. pirotea, green quite gone ; A. aprilina, green still dis- 
tinct though very pale ; A. euphrosyne, only some of the specimens were slightly 

1905.] 119 

CoLEOPTERA. — Unaffected : Carabun grannlatu^ and catenulatus, Dromius 
meridionalis, Lema cyaneHa, Nehria breincoUis, Calathus melanorephalu.i , Dromius 
4-nof.afus, Donacia xericea, Grammoptera ruficornix, Anchomenus parumpunctatus 
and dorsalis, Cicindela campestris, Crepidodera helxines,fiiid atirata, Rhynchites 
conicux, Ht/drohius fuscipes, Chryxomela hiemoptera and staphi/lea, Agelaxtica 
halen.sis, Cteniopns, Micraspis \2-punctala, Bembidium littoral e aw A lampros, Demc' 
trias atricapillus , Nitidula bipustulata, CocciduJa rufa, Loricera, Halipluss rufi- 
coll'm, Tachyporux and Choleva chriisomeloidex, Erirrhinus validirostris ; slightly 
faded : Apion minialiim, Pterostichns! strenuus, Serica brunnea, Phyllopertha 
horticola, elytra, Dromiux i-maculafux, elytral marking?, Leptura livida, elytra ; 
distinctly faded : Anchomenvs alblpex, one example only, Spliseroderma cardui, 
Dromiux linearis, CoccineVa variabilis; very distinctly : Pt/rochroa serraticornis 
and Coccinella 22-punctafa. 

DiWEUA :— Hiematopota pluvialis (slightly), Chloromyia formosa and Volu- 
cella pellucens (not at all), Helophilux pendulux (very distinctly), Bombylius 
discolor (distinctly). 

Neuroptera : — Panorpa communis and germanica (wing-markings slightly), 
Salexus radiatux (distinctly). 

Hemiptera : — Nabis ferus (very slightly). 

Orthopteba : — Stenobothrus eleganx (normal), 5. viridulus (very distinctly). 

HymenoptebA : — Athalia roxas, body distinctly; Sylotoma ustulata,wovm^\. 
— Claude Moblet, The Hill House, Monks Soham, Suffolk : February, 1905. 


Alexander Fry was born on September 10th, 1821, at Pencraig, Herefordshire. 
In 1838 lie went to Rio de Janeiro, entering his father's mercantile business house 
there. In 1843 he became a partner, and came to England for a short time, re- 
turning to Rio after his marriage. After 1854 he resided in London (visiting Rio 
occasionally), and became a Member of the Entomological Society in 1885. He was 
an enthusiastic collector of Coleoptera, and to those he collected himself he added 
greatly by purchase, including Parry's collection of Lovgicornia, great numbers 
collected by Wallace, Doherty, and others, and the very fine series collected by 
Whitehead at Kinabalu, including all the types described by H. W. Bates. He did 
not confine himself to any particular Family, but he seemed to be particularly at- 
tached to the Longicornia and Weevils. He never did any descriptive work 
himself, but many parts of his collection had been examined and named by Mono- 
graphers, and are on this account of considerable value. He was always most 
ready to show his collection to any one, and many entomologists will long remember 
their visits to his beautiful house at Norwood. At the time of his death, which 
occurred on February 26th, 1905, he had been a widower for many years. He had 
no family. He bequeathed his whole collection, comprising some 200,000 specimens, 
to the Trustees of the British Museum. 

Eenri Louis Frederic de S'atJSsMre.— Entomology has suffered a severe loss by 
the death of this veteran Orthopterist at the age of seventy-fivo ; the infirmities of 

L 2 

120 tM"'y> 

poor health, togelh(.>r witli advancing age and failing eyesight, had in recent years 
somewhat limited his output of scientific work, but until a few years ;\go he was 
one of our most prolific writers upon the Orlhopfera. In tlie sixties and early 
seventies he produced a series of memorable and voluminous works, chiefly dealing 
with American forms, more particularly with Mexican Dictyoptera. His " Blattides 
Americaines " (1864) and " Mantides Americaines " (1867) marked the beginning 
of the modern epoch in the study of (Jrthoptera. The latter just preceded tlie ap- 
pearance of the first of Brunner von Waftcnwyl's series of i\ionogra]5hs, and un- 
fortunately a great part of the lattcr's work on Cockroaches coincided with de 
Saussure's treatise. Then came the " Melanges Orthopterologiques ;" parts I to IV 
deal chiefly with American Dictyoptera, but fascicules V and VI, which form to- 
gether a very stout quarto volume, are an exhaustive Monograph of the Crickets 
which has not yet been rivalled, and must remain for a long time the standard 
treatise on this sub-Order. In the eighties we have the " Prodromus Qidipodiorum " 
(1888) and the " Additamenta'' thereto which shortly followed, which form the 
standard and only work upon this Family. Ir'oon there came the Monograph of the 
Pamphagidse, together with a study of Hemimerus, for which isolated form the 
author established a new order of insects with the name Diptoglossata, but in this 
case the learned and experienced entomologist was misled by a faulty preparation. 
In later years came a series of small brochures dealing with revisions of various 
Blattid families, such as the I'aiie.sthidie, Epilampridse, Perisphieridfe, Heteroga- 
mildm, &c. Then we find him dealing with the enormous material collected for the 
" Biologia Centrali-Americana," which work alone would entitle the author to a 
very high position in Entomology ; in this work he was assisted by the collaboration 
of MM. Pictet and Zehnter. In a similar way he pi-oduceJ an account of the 
Dictyoftera of Madagascar, published by Grandidier, which was supplemented by 
a faunistic work on the collections made by Voeltzkow in Madagascar and the 
neighbouring Archipelago. As recently as 19('3 de Saussure published a small but 
important work on the Eumastacidse. 

His attention was, however, not confined to the Orthoptera, for his work upon 
American Wasps is very highly esteemed by Hymenopterists, and his Monographs 
on the social and solitary Wasps and on the Scoliidie (the latter in collaboration 
with Sichel) still hold the field as standard works on these groups. He has de- 
sci'ibed a large number of species from Madagascar, as well as from the results of 
Fedtschenko's travels in Turkestan (in which he dealt also with the Orthoptera) and 
the voyage of the Novara. 

In recent years he confined his attention more particularly to the Orthoptera, 
in connection with which his name will be chiefly remembered, but twenty years 
ago he was in the front rank of Hymenopterists, and a great deal of his work upon 
this group was highly original and very valuable.— M. Burr. 

The Hemiptera of Suffolk : by Ciaude Morley, F.E.S. Plymouth : 
James H. Keys, Pp. i — is, and 1— 3i. 

The above is an excellent list of the Suffolk Hemiptera-JSeteroptera, and 

1905.] 121 

Homoptera {Cicadina and PsylUna), and will, we hope, be a stimulus to others to 
enlarge it ; even now it compares favourably in the Heteroptera with Norfolk, 
showing only 15 less than that county, which has had the special attention of two 
first rate Hemipterists, Messrs. J. Edwards and H. J. Thouless ; in the Ilomopfera 
the respective numbers do not comjjare so well, but then this section was Mr. 
Edwards' speciality, and on this account probably no county has been so well 
worked as Norfolk for the species contained in it. A reviewer is expected to find a 
few faults, and in this case the object of commencing all specific names with capital 
letters seems lo be doubtful, their use is certainly unusual, also the introduction of 
Phytocoris di\tinctus as a separate species, which is now universally considered as a 
variety of poj)uli, is regrettable, and also in the localities given for Anthocoris 
sarothainni, "a dead fir hedge," a species attached to the common " Broom ;" 
Psallus obscurellus, "on an aspen," which is a regular fir tree species. Asciodema 
obsoletum, " on Hypericum, and " on hazel," a broom and furze species, are so un- 
usual that a warning note should have been given to show that these are ni t tlie 
natural habitats of the species. These small faults however can be easily rectified 
in a subsequcTit edition, which we hope may soon be wanted. — E. S. 


M.B., I. M.S., and W. Glen Liston, M.D., I, M.S. Calcutta: Thacker, Spink and 
Co. 1905. 

This book has been written with the object of enablng medical men in India 
to easily recognise, any of the " malarial " gnats, and it has been written most 
admirably with that object. About twenty-three species have been described, and 
fifteen exquisite plates have been given, which will undoubtedly enable anybody to 
name with coihparative certainty any of the species. The writers do not profess to 
be ultra-scientific entomologists, and thereby show their common sense and probably 
better true science than the genus- and species-makers who have preceded tliem. 
At any rate there remains the fact that their species will be easily and accurately 
recognised, while the writings of Theobald will prove stumbling blocks for genera- 
tions. They have wisely ignored the insufficiently distinguished genera of Theobald, 
which have commonly been founded on minute and practically indistinguishable 
characters, and which are consequently valueless to the " field " naturalist. A little 
more accuracy might be desirable in some of their terms, as such words as "two 
white hind tarsi " do not convey any definite meaning, but criticism of such a kind 
is unnecessary. The table of species is well worked out in a simple and intelligible 
method. Very valuable figures of the larvae of most species are given. Only one 
new species is described, for which the rather undesirable name of ^. cw/m/orwjs 
is given, as that specific name lias already been used in the Culicidx (Corethra) 
and in the Chironomidx {Tanypus) ,yi\\i\(i the name culicifacies occurs in the Indian 
species of Anopheles itself. 

Altogether we cannot speak too highly of this work, as it is a most valuable 
contribution to science and to medical knowledge. — Gr. H. V. 

122 [May, 

f ortifttes. 

Thi5 South Londox Kntomological and Natural History Society: 
. Januari/ 26th, 1905. — Mr. Alfred Sicii, F.E.S., Vice-President in the Chair. 
Annual G-eneral .Meeting. 

Tlie first part of the Meeting was devoted to the business of receiving the 
Treasurer's Balance Sheet and Statement, the reading of the Council's Report for 
the past year, the announcement of the Officers and Council elected for the ensuing 
jear, and the reading of the retiring President's Address. A satisfactory financial 
condition was announced by the Treasurer, Mr. T. W. Hall, and the Council's 
Eeport showed that the work of the Society had been generally very successful 
throughout the year, with an average attendance at the 25 meetings of over 30. 

List of the elected Officers and Council : President, Hugh Main, B.Sc, F.E.S. ; 
Vice-Presidents : A. Sich, F.E.S., and E. Step, F.L.S. ; Treasurer: T. W. Hall, 
F.E.S. ; Librarian: A. W. Dodds ; Curator: W. West (Grreenwich) ; Hon. Secre- 
taries: Stanley Edwards, F.L.S. , F.E.S., and Hy. J. Turner, F.E.S. ; Council: 
R. Adkin, F.E.S., F. Noad Clark, F. B. Carr, A. Harrison, F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.C.S., 
W. J. Kaye, F.E.S., H. A. Sauze, and W. West (StrealhamJ. 
Ordinary Meeting. 

Mr. Hugh Main, E.Sc, President, in the Chair. 

Dr. Chapman exhibited a living specimen of Doritis apollinux bred from a 
pupa sent from Syria. Mr. Main reported having seen St/hernia rupicapraria, 
Phigalia pedaria, Cheimatobia hrumata, H. marginaria, and P. monodactylus in 
Epping Forest in some numbers, on January 22nd. Mr. Turner read a few notea 
on the Entomology of Assiniboia, Canada, read by Mr. A. J. Croker. 

Februarii 9th, 1905. — The President in the Chair. 

A special exhibition of Htflernia defoliaria <? s had been arranged, and series 
were shown by Messrs. Ray ward, Pratt, Crow, Browne, Hickman, Harrison, Main, 
Goulton, and Tonge. The variation ranged from uniformly dark forms to uniformly 
light ones, with considerable variation in widths and colour of the transverse 
markings. It was noted that the <? s migrated in large numbers, but no well 
ascertained facts were known as to the distribution of the ? s. Mr. Rayward, 
living females of H. rupicapraria from Wallington. Mr. Crow, on behalf of 
Mr. Hickman, the whole of the imagines and varieties bred from the brood of 
Arctia caja, referred to at the Exhibition of Varieties in November, 1904. Mr. 
Kaye, two forms of TTeliconius pasifhoe from the Demerara River. Mr. Adkin, a 
series of Cujndo minima taken last year at Eastbourne, and showing an unusual 
amount of blue in the (Js. Mr. South, a long series of very varied specimens of 
Oelechia populAla taken on birch trunks at Oxshott on August 20th, 1904. He 
also showed a hybrid between Anfhrocera {Zygasna) filipendulm ? , and A. trifoUi $ , 
and read notes on the exhibit. Mr. Edwards, two (? s of Papilio blumei from Celebes, 
Mr. Priske,an example of Calosoma sycophanta recently picked up in Kew Gardens. 
Dr. Chapman, a long series of bred Hastula {Dichelia) hyerana and its dark var. 
marginala, a Tortrix from the South of France, together with details of its life- 
history, including larvae in each instar, pupae cases, stems of Asphodel showing the 
ravages, photographs of ova, microscopical slides showing tubercles, &c., and read a 
paper on the exhibits.— Hy. J. Tuenee, Hon. Secretary. 

1905.] 123 

Entomological Socikty of London: March I5fh, 1905. — Mr. F. Mkrki- 
FIELD, Preside-Ill., in the Chair. 

Seiior Don Ignacio Bolivar, of Paseo de Recoletos, Bajo, 20, and Calle Jorge 
Juan, 17, Madrid, was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Society, in the place of 
Professor F. M. Brauer, deceased. 

Mr. Frank P. Dodd, of Kuranda, oia Oairiis, Queensland; Mr. Cecil Floer- 
sheim, of 16, Kensington Court Mansions, S.W. ; Mr. Joseph Lane Hancock, of 
3757, Indiana Avenue, Chicago ; and -Mr. Herbert C. Robinson, Curator of the 
State Museum, Kaula Lumpur, Selangor ; were elected Fellows of the .Society. 

Mr. C. O. Waterhouse announced that the late Mr. Alexander Fry, a Fellow 
of the Society, had bequeathed his large and important collections of Coleoptera to 
the Britisli Museum. 

Dr. F. A. Dixey exhibited some butterlHes from Natal which had been pre- 
sented by Mr. Q-. A. K. Marshall, F. E.S., to the Hope Department at Oxford, 
illustrating certain experiments conducted with a view to ascertain whether the 
assumption of the wet or dry season form of various African butterflies could be 
controlled by exposure in the pupal state to artificial conditions of temperature 
and moisture. Mr. W. F. Sharp, a specimen of the North American Longicorn, 
Neoclytus erylhrocephalus. He said the species had been discovered in a sound 
ash tree seven inches from the bark, grown in the neighbourhood of St. Helens, 
Lancashire. Some posts of American ash in tiie vicinity suggested the origin of 
the progenitors ol the colony ; but it was not known how long they had been 
erected. He also showed examples of Amara anthobia, Villa, with a series of 
A.familiaris, Duf., and A. lucida, Duft., for comparison. They had been given him 
by the Rev. G. A. Crawshay of Leighton Buzzard, where they occurred not in- 
frequently at the roots of grass in sandy places. Mr. M. Burr, a number of muti- 
lated Stenobothrus from the Picos de Europa, Spain. Of the grasshoppers occur- 
ring on this spot, almost every specimen seen had the wings and elytra more or less 
mutilated, sometimes actually torn to shreds, entirely altering their appearance. 
A notable excepl:ion was St. bicofor, of which no single specimen was found muti- 
lated. This species also frequently indulged in flight, which the others were 
unable to do ; and he suggested that its immunity might be due to the vitality 
■which has enabled it to become the most abundant and widespread grasshopper in 
Europe. Mr. F. N. Pierce, drawings of the genitalia of Noctuid moths, and also 
with the lantern a number of slides showing the respective peculiarities of many 
members of the group. Among other things he drew attention to the fact that in 
the case of the Tceniocampce the genitalia were widely dissimilar, while his 
investigations had led him to conclude that A. ashworlhii, at present ranked as an 
Agrotis, should more properly be included in the Noctiia group. 

Wednesday, April bth, 1905. — The President in the Chair. 

Mr. H. St, J. Donisthorpe exhibited specimens of a melanic Orammoptera, 
discovered by Mr. C. J. C. Pool at Enfield, which appeared to be quite distinct 
from any member of the genus taken in Britain. Mr. M. Jacoby, a specimen of 
Megalopus melipona, Bates, an insect which so much resembles a bee that Bates 
had said they were indistinguishable in nature. Mr. A Bacot, on behalf of 
Dr. Culpin, specimens of Papilio macleayanus and Rypocista metirius captured in 

] 24 [May, 1905. 

Queensland, illiistrai iui; the uso of " diroctive " markings in the Riiopalocora in 
influencing their enemies to atlaek non-vital parts. Mr. G-. J. Arrow, an example 
of Ceratopte.rus stahll, Westw., a beelle from Australia possessing notable powers of 
crepitation. Mr. A. IT. Jones and Mr. H. Rowland- Hrown showed a series of 
Hrebia alecto (glaciaJixJ, var. nlchoUi., Oberth., taken by them at about 80U0 ft. at 
Campiglio, South Tyrol, with specimens of Dasi/dia tenebraria, var. wockearia, 
caught in the company of the Erebias in the same localities. Mr. Jones aleo 
exhibited examples of Erehia iiie/ai from the Parnassus Mountains, Greece, for 
comparison, and fine forms of butlerflies found at Mendel, near Botzen. Mr. W. J. 
Kaye, a series of bred Morpho adonis from British Guiana, with the very rare 
dimorphic bhick-and-wliite female. Dr. F. A. Dixey, the social web and pupal 
shells of Eucheira soaialis, Westw., together with specimens of the perfect insect, 
being the actual nest from Mexico described and figured by Westwood in the 
Transactions for 1830. The President read a note on experiments conducted by 
him to ascertain the vitality of pupa) subjected to submersion. Mr. II. A. Byatt, 
read a paper on " Pxeudacrxa poggei and Limiias chrgslppus ; the Numerical 
Proportion of Mimic to Model." .Mr. G. Bethune-Baker contributed " A Mono- 
graph of the Genus Ogyris." — H. Rowland Bkown, Son. Secretary. 

{Continued from page 41). 

2848 : 1.— Aproaerema deverijae, sp. n. 

Antennae black, annulate with pale ochreous. Palpi whitish ochreous, the 
terminal joint with a black line along it and a black ring before its apex. Head 
whitish ochreous. Thorax yellowish ochreous. Forewings at the base yellow- 
ochreous, a narrow line of black scab s along the costa, another on the upper edge 
of the cell, below which the cell itself is pale whitish ochreous ; from a little beyond 
the remainder of the wing-surface is thickly suffused and speckled with black, the 
black scales being concentrated in an elongated spot on the middle of the wing, 
followed by a smaller one at the end of the cell, with some indication of a third in 
the fold below the first ; the ground-colour underlying the black speckling is pale 
whitish ochreous, as on the upper half of the cell from the base, and is fairly con- 
spicuous on the small patch at the commencement of the costal cilia and in another 
opposite to it on the dorsum ; a line of black scales runs through the whitish 
ochreous cilia which are also dusted with black at their base. Exp. al., 13 mm. 
Hindwings bluish grey ; cilia pale brownish grey. Abdomen shining steely grey. 
Legs whitish ochreous, the tarsi shaded with black. 

Type, c? (88773) ; ? (97119). Mus. Wlsin. 

Hah.: ALGERIA — El-Kantara — 5. VII. 1903 ; Hammam-es- 
Salahin, Larva Deverra scoparia, 22.1. excl. 23.1 V. — 10. VIII. 1904. 
Twenty-two specimens, 

Two larvae found feeding in stems of Deverra {Pituranthos) 
scoparia on May 8tli, the type emerged on July 5th, 1903. 

Ent. Mo. Mag., 1905.— Plate III. 


Ent. Mo. Mag. 1905. Pl. IV. 

fl^^^tfy'^ l^U^^ir' ^^^^^^g| ||||||^|^||MP 

IPIWHI ^i^Sr^' ^i^^SP' '"^Wf^^ 

i^^^M^^M ^I^i^JL^l-''' VI^^^Mfi^^'' 
^I^P ^^^P ^Wf^' 

Vi^ ^B^itf^ w^^0 ^4tt^ 
^r^ m^^ ^|p ^^P^ 

^1^^ ^m^^' ^g^l^' W^^ 

W^v^ ^^^^^ ^H^^-' ' ^^^^ 

^t^^^f ^9^/1^ ^^^^^tf ^^^^[0 

^^^' ^^ ^i!^^ ^^^ 

^^^^gf 1^^^^^ ^tti^flf ^^^M0^ 

/iP^^ ^i^^ ^ppr 'w^w 
^^ W^ HpF ^f^ 


June, 1905.1 125 

The narrow stems of this plant are much affected by galls, al- 
though these occur on a solitary plant here and there and are by no 
means so far as I can see common. 'i1ie galls are not due to the 
action of any Lepidopteroiis insect but the larvae of this species 
bores through them and -mine the stems above and below. I first 
found an empty pupa-case in one of the galls, but it was not without 
at least an hour's searching that a living larva was at length dis- 
covered in the stems, and a most exhaustive search produced only two 
specimens, one of which I was fortunate enough to rear. This year I 
have freely bred it from stems of Deverra scoparia (collected at 
Hamraam-es-Salahin) on which there were no galls. The larvae are 
easily found, owing to the bleached appearance of the broken stems 
which are closed with a slight web. 

336 : 1.— APONOEA, gn. n. 

('aTTovoia = despair). 

Type, (J ? , Aponoea ohtusipalpis, Wlsm. 
Antennae (j) shortly biciliate, the basal joint without a pecten. Ocelli 
absent. Hauxtellum moderate, scaled. Maxillary Palpi short. Labial Palpi 
projecting the length of the head and thorax in front, laterally compressed, the 
median joint densely, but not very roughly, clothed above and beneath ; the terminal 
joint erect, very short, projecting less than half the width of the clothing on the 
median joint. Head and Thorax smooth. Forewings elongate, lanceolate, with 
obtusely rounded apex : Neuration 12 veins; 7 and 8 stalked, connate with 9, 7 to 
costa ; 2 and 3 almost connate ; 4 and 5 approximated. Hindwings broader than 
the forewings, with obtuse and scarcely depressed apex, termen and dorsum evenly 
rounded, not sinuate ; cilia (i) : Neuration 8 veins ; 6 and 7 stalked ; 3 and 4 
connate ; 5 approximated to 4 ; discoidal weak, becoming absolete above media. 
Abdomen moderate. Legs : hind tibiae hairy. 

Allied to Holcophora, Stgr., and Apiletria, Ld., but differing in 
the structure of the palpi. 

Staudinger and Rebel (Cat. II, 161) erroneously refer Apiletria 
to the Oecophorinae, omitting to notice that in the hindwings veins 
6 and 7 are stalked. 

2980 : 1. — Aponoea obtusipalpis, Wlsm. 

Antennae cinereous, spotted with black above. Palpi cinereous, with black 
dusting, especially on the outer side. Head and Thorax cinereous, minutely dusted 
with blackish. Forewings cinereous, profusely dusted with black scales, which are 
somewhat concentrated across the cell at one-third from the base, and indicate a 
slight lunate spot at the end of the cell and a series of obscure spots along the 
termen at the base of the pale cinereous cilia, which are also sprinkled along their 
middle with blackish atoms. Exp. al., 16-21 mm. Hindwings pale rosy grey; 
cilia pale brownish grey. Abdomen ochreous. Legs whitish, sprinkled externally 
with black atoms and with four narrow black tarsal annulations. 

126 [June, 

Type, ? (96GM) ; $ (96648). Mus. Wlsm. 

Kab.: ALGERIA — Biiskra, 7-21. TIT. 1003 ; Hammam-es-Sala- 
bin, 12-16. V.1903, 3-19.IV.1904. 

I took eit^hteen specimens of this curious insect at Biskra in the 
month of March, and at Hammam-es-Salahin in May ; at the latter 
place it was undoubtedly attached to Limoniastrum guyonianum, for I 
smoked and beat it from this and no other plant. A free-feeding 
larva precisely resembling in colour the leaf of Liinoiiiastruin, and 
somewhat tapering towards the extremities, would I think have pro- 
duced this insect, had f not unfortunately failed to rear the three or 
four specimens obtained. Both larva and moth are undoubtedly 
scarce, I only met with three specimens this year. 

354 : 1 (=304).— ALLOCLITA, Stgr. 
3074 : 1. — Alloclita fkancoeuriae, sp. n. 
Antennae simple (two strong bristles indicate a fugitive pecten at their base) ; 
white, delicately barred with black above. Palpi erect, median joint smooth, 
terminal of equal length, moderately stout and acuminate ; white, the median joint 
speckled before its apex, the terminal broadly suffused with black. Head pale 
brownish red ; face ochreous. Thorax pale brownish red, mixed with some ochreous. 
Foi-eivings white, profusely dusted with greyish fuscous ; a short ochreous basal 
patch darkening to brownish red at its outer edge, is narrower on the costa than on 
the dorsum, with a projecting angle on the fold ; about half the wing-length is a 
dark ferruginous brown patch, its base resting on the fold, from which it is projected 
outward toward the end of the cell, where there is a round pale reddish ochreous 
spot ; a faint reddish ochreous tinge crosses the wing at one-third from the base, 
end the termen is more distinctly pale reddish ochreous throughout, the fuscous 
speckling reappearing strongly at the apex and along the base of the hoary whitish 
cilia, which are mixed with pale greyish fuscous. Exp. al., 15 — 17 mm. Ilind- 
wings shining, yellowish white ; cilia pale sti'aw yellow. Abdomen ochreous. Legs 
alternately banded witli greyish fuscous and white. 

Type, ^ (96473) ; ? (96451). Mus. Wlsm. 

Hal. : ALGERIA— Biskra, 23.11.1895 {Eaton), 1-23.III.1903 
(Wlsm.) ; Hammam-es-Salahin, 12. Ill — 7. IV. 1904. Larva Francoe- 
uria crispa, 19. IV. excl. 18.VIL1903. Twenty-eight specimens. 

Several specimens taken at light at Biskra, March, 1903, and a 
single $ subsequently bred in July from a larva found in April bur- 
rowing under the woolly bark of the stems of Francoeuria crispa ; 
after eating out the inside of the leaves it makes sand-galleries 
attached to the crown of the root. This species varies in the in- 
tensity of its colouring, in some which are darker than the type the 
greyish fuscous speckling is so dense as to change the ochreous 

1905.] ]^27 

appearance of the thorax and basal patch, and nearly to obliterate the 
white ground-colour, which usually becomes accentuated immediately 
beyond the basal patch and across the wing before the apex, especially 
on the costa ; in such suffused varieties the ochreous tinge is more 
diffused, especially about the end of the cell. 

I am not acquainted with A. reciseJla, Stgr., and am partly guided 
in identifying the genus by Uerrich-Schaffer's figure of that species, 
which somewhat resembles fi^ancoeurine. The only point on which 
there may be some doubt is as to the pecten at the base of the 
antennae, in some specimens this is not indicated, while in others 
there are two or more strong bristle-like scales, the remainder of the 
pecten having probably been rubbed off. Staudinger did not describe 
the neuration of AllocHta recisella, and Herrich-Schaffer wrote, ap- 
parently with some uncertainty, '' Die Hinterfliigel scheinen mir 8 Eip- 
pen zu haben, 3+4, 5+6 ; S nur bis iiber die Mitte des Yorderrandes. 
An den Yorderfliigeln scheinen mir die Eippen gesondert." 

The neuration of A. ? francoeuriae is: Foreivings 12 veins, 7 and 
8 stalked, 7 to costa ; Hindwings 8 veins, all separate, 6 and 7 nearly 
parallel, 5 approximated to 4 ; discoidal subobsolete between 5 and 6. 
Staudinger placed AUoclita between Oecophora and Bufalis, while 
Herrich-Schaffer thought it might perhaps be allied to Endrosis. 

In Staudinger and Wocke's Catalog the genus occurs between 
Oecophora and Oegoconia, while Dr. Rebel inserts it in the OelecJiiadae 
between Gelechia and Scliistophila. In the absence of evidence to the 
contrary the neuration of recisella and J^raiicoeuriae are assumed to be 
identical, but of course in locating the position of AUoclita I am 
compelled to rely upon the structure of the latter. I regard it as a 
Hgponomeutid of generalised type closely allied to the form from which 
the groups of Scythris and Blastohasis are specialised derivatives, 

3074:2 (^2769). — Alloclita eecisblla, Stgr. 

AUoclita recisella, Stgr., Stett. Ent. Ztg., XX, 247-8, No. 104 
(1859) a); H.-S., N. Schm., 18, No. 80 (f " SO "), % 106 (1860) (2) ; 
Stn., Tin. S.-Eur., 154, 259 (1869) (3); Stgr.-Wk., Cat. Lp. Eur., 
308, No. 2297 (1871) (^) ; Stgr.-Rbl., Cat. Lp. Pal., II, 151, No. 2769 
(1901) (5). 

Hah. : ANDALUSIA (1-5).- Chiclana, VI d-^). 

355.— PLEUROTA, Hb. 
3092. — Pleueota nitens, Stgr. 
Pleurota nitens, Stgr., lior. Soc. Ent. Ross., VII, 260-1, 294, No. 


128 fJ"»®' 

7, PI. Ill, 12 (1870)0); Stgr.-Wk., Cat. Lp. Eur., 304, No. 2199 
(1871) (2); Stgr.-Ebl., Cat. Lp. Pal., II, 165, No. 3092 (1901) (3). 

Antennae white. Palpi white, smeared along the outer side of the median 
joint and on the lower half of the expanded brush with greyish fuscous. Head and 
Thorax silvery white. Foretoingit shining, silvery white, with a slight rosy tinge, 
especially toward the dorsum ; a broad pale bronzy brown band, below the eosta 
from the base to the apex, gradually reduces the width of the silvery costal space 
above it, and a few bronzy brownish scales are found along the termen before the 
silvery white cilia which assume a greyish tinge outwardly. Exp. al., 22 — 26 mm. 
Hindwinga and cilia rosy grey. Ahdomen and Legs pearly greyish. 

{Gaenotype, ? (96679) ; ^ (96680). Mus. Wlsm.] 

Hah.: GREECE (1-3) — Attica, ^IVd)— ALGEEIA - Biskra, 
20.III— 13.1 V. 1903; Haminam-es-Salaliin, 2-13 IV, 16.V.1903, 19- 
21.IV.1904 ; El-Kantara, 4.V.1903. Thirty specimens. 

Common on the hills behind the hot springs and on the plain 
preceding them. In some specimens the dorsal half of the forewing 
is suffused with bronzy scales, sometimes concentrated towards the 
base. Both sexes are alike in markings. 

Perhaps nearest to hicostella, CI., but a much more brilliant 
species, and in some respects intermediate between it and macrosella , 
Rbl. I did not meet with var. aiirata, Stgr., which is probably a 
distinct species. 

3114 : 1. — Pletjkota hastipormis, sp. n. 

Antennae ashy grey. Palpi hoary whitish, with a dark greyish brown streak 
along the outer side of the median joint ; terminal joint rather short suberect. 
Head and Thorax hoary white. Forewings rather short, sharply lanceolate ; hoary 
■white, dusted with brownish grey scales, except along the eosta where a pure white 
streak reaches from the base into the commencement of the costal cilia, and below 
it where a broader grey streak runs from the base to a little above the apex ; a small 
fuscous dot lies at the end of the cell, and some dark brownish grey scales form a 
line along the outer half of the dorsum and on the termen preceding the pale 
brownish cinereous cilia. Exp. al., 10 — 12 mm. Hindwings and cilia pale brownish 
cinereous. Abdomen brown-grey. Legs pale brownish cinereous. 

Type, ^ (96702). Mus. Wlsm. 

Hab. : ALGERIA— El-Kantara, 8.IV— 5.V.1903. Thirteen 

Common at El-Kantara among Artemisia herha-alha. 

Closely allied to semicanella, Cnst., and protaseUa, Stgr., differing 
from the former in the presence of a dark spot at the end of the cell 
and from the latter in the absence of the two dark spots towards the 

(To be continuedj. 

1905.] 129 


{Continued from page 101). 

In 1901, by the middle of March, Tortrix unicolorann had all 
spun up, most of them for some time, and all had emerged before the 
end of the month. At this date larvae of R. hyerana could still be 
found by no means full-fed, and a few were still larvae, feeding, on 
April '23rd, when however most of them had spun up. At the end of 
June there was no sign of any larva pupating. On August 10th a 
moth emerged, and four more a[)peared up to August 31st, two on 
September lith, and one on September 15th, and one on the 16th. 
At this date some, not all, of the cocoons were examined, most were in 
pupa, but two were observed still to be larvae. To the end of 
September twenty-six emerged, and nineteen more to October 19th, 
when the last came out. The two on lupin emerged one on 
September 30th and one October 17th. The first nine were all pale 
forms Of the last seventeen, nine were dark. So that there was 
an appreciable tendency for the earlier emergences to be pale and 
the later dark. 

The specimens bred by my friend M. Bourgeois at Geneva, 
gave, he tells me, the following results. He bred seven, one emerged 
August 27th, pale. 

Three were pupae and three larvae on September 4th. 

The last pupated on October 8th. By the 13th three more had 
emerged of which one was dark. The remaining three of which 
two emerged October 24th, and the last November 16th, were all dark. 

I had better perhaps put altogether the points in which my 
experience of the insect differs from Milliere's. He says the larvae 
live in the stems in the manner of Nonagrias, or more especially of 
Schoenobides, and not like Tortrices usually do. He says, however, that 
he found many burrows of the larvae empty, their tenants having gone 
off to pupate. I fancy from this that he found his larvae chiefly in 
the flowering stems, as he says he got them by splitting the stem. I 
should describe the larva as leading quite a Tortrix life and generally 
amongst the leaves. I found, however, when many of them had left 
the plants full-grown, that one often found a belated larva in a 
deformed flower stem, usually amongst the flowers, and it was 
probably these that Milliere met with. But here also they lived in a 

130 [June, 

Tortrix burrow, with irilken galleries, and nut in the plant tissue in an 
interior burrow. 

I am not quite clear how to specify the difference, as the larva 
makes a burrow right into the flower liead, but what I seem to realize 
as the difference is that the Tortrix burrow is anywhere, vight into the 
stem rarely, by preference between two opposed outer surfaces, some- 
times almost outside, but always with silken protections of various 
sorts. He correctly says the larva leaves the plant to pupate, he 
describes the silk as brownish {'' bncndtre''), it is really rather pale. 
The great hiatus, liowever, that 1 find between Milliere and myself, 
is that he says they make their cocoon " ef se metamorpliosent tres 
prompt em ent.'''' " Uetat de chrysalide dure de cinq a six semaims^ 
Now I find that they do not change to pupa for three or four months 
and that then the pupal stage only lasts less than three or four 
weeks. Unfortunately Milliere gives no dates beyond that his visit 
to Hyeres was in April. As his paper is two years later he probably 
trusted too much to memory. 

The imago is described by Milliere (Annales Soc. Ent. Fr., 1857, 
p. 803). He defines the colour as straw-yellow, the base slightly 
smoky. He notes the silky lustre which is so pronounced, and 
describes the discal spot as inclined to be divided, and notes a variety 
in which it had an extension iu the direction of the anal angle. He 
says that he reared at Lyons from the pupae he took home nearly 
fifty imagines, so that it is astonishing that he says no more as to 
variation. My specimens, fifty-six in number, present a good deal of 
variation. In the first place they divide themselves sharply in two 
sets, one of a yellow and the other of a leaden-grey colour. These 
number respective 34 yellow and 22 leaden. In each set there are 
one or two making some appi'oach to the other, but there is a definite 
gap, so that none of these ^'wa^^-iutermediate forms are otherwise 
than definitely belonging to one or other set. There are none that 
are intermediate in the strict sense of being as much one as the 

Plate IV. 

To deal first with the yellow ones. The ground colour varies, some are a very 
pale straw, most are of a rich creamy-straw, whilst several are rather orange, one 
quite a pinky-orange. The discal spot varies much, in no instance is a specimen 
absolutely .without it, but one, and another is very close to it, has it so minute, that 
if it were in a series of spotless specimens it is doubtful if its possession of the spot 
would be detected. In more than half the specimens the spot is a definite small 
rounded dot, from the evanescent form just referred to up to a size nearly that of a 
full stop on this page. 

1905.] 131 

Not one shows the extension towards tlie anal angle descvibed by Milliere, yet 
though I hardly like to suggest it, I think one or two of my specimens are the var 
he describes, but the extension is basal, giving the spot however almost exactly the 
form he figures. The variations in this direction are (1), a slight line basewards 
from the spot for about 1 mm., wilh a slight dotted shade above it. (2), the same 
line reaching quite 2 mm. (3), the line wanting, but the spot shading inwards and 
upwards to the upper dotted shade, making a comma-shaped mark. (4), the 
upper sliade as a separate spot rather larger than the typical one. The actual 
position of the spot is at the end of the cell at bases of veins 3, 4, and 5. 

I find nothing that corresponds well with the slight smokiness of the wing 
base, but there are only two specimens tlnit have been fully described, when the 
ground colour and the spot have been dealt with. I think the dark scales forming 
the further markings belong to a tendency to dai'kening that finds full expression in 
the leaden variety. Practically every specimen is slightly different from its neigh- 
bour. The commonest marking is a row of dark dots along the inner margin, 
most commonly five or six of these towards the anal angle, one specimen shows 
ten reaching two-thirds of the way from anal angle to wing base, another several 
more, but some of them have only a scale or two. I note these in twenty speci- 
mens. Another set of dark scales form dark shades in the interneural spaces, 
beyond the discal spot, in fourteen specimens, and in several they extend also 
basally in slighter fashion. Under a lens the scales forming these dark shades have 
a rich purple colour. In one specimen this shading involves the whole wing except 
the nervures, but (he dark scales being intermixed with yellow, it is still definitely a 
pale specimen. Another dark mark is in the fringe. The fringe has a row of short 
basal scales with larger beyond. This basal set of scales are dark from the apex 
downwards, to nearly half-way to the anal angle, in one case nearly reaching the 
anal angle — this line occurs in eight specimens. The dark purplish line with the 
yellow fringe beyond is very effective. Tliere is some sexual dimorphism, the males 
presenting a larger proportion of orange, the females of straw coloured specimens. 

The dark specimens (22 in number) are apparently the same as a specimen (the 
only one so far apparently noted), taken by Lord Walsingham at Gibraltar, and 
named by him (in MSS.) marginata, without definitely giving it specific rank. In 
these the whole disc of the upper wing is of a leaden colour, as polished and 
brilliantly shining however as the pale ones. The hind-wings are also much 
darker than in the yellow ones. Nearly all specimens have the head and thorax 
yellow, a varying amount of yellow shade along the costa, fringes of the hind 
margin yellow, and a portion of the base and inner margin yellow, where it touches 
the dorsal thoracic yellow, when the wings are closed. There is some variation in 
the extent and brilliancy of the yellow. In two or three specimens there is a 
distinct suffusion of yellow scales over the whole wing, traceable but much slighter 
in a few others. The dark fringe line noted as occurring in the pale form, is 
present in nearly all specimens, separated from the leaden colour of the wing disc 
by a narrow yellow line. This yellow line often fails towards the apex, the dark 
line reaches the anal angle not infrequently, but often fails to get so far. No speci- 
men fails to show this colouring of the fringe of the hind margin, which makes three 
lines — a narrow yellow, a narrow dark, and a broader yellow, but in a few the 
yellow lines are obscured by having a darker coloration, but in no case do they 

132 [June, 

quite assimilate to the dark wing disc. In several specimens both of pale and dai-k, 
there is a tendency to a dark line along the base of the fringes of the hind-wing, 
but in only two (one of each) is it at all marked. 


How can we explain the very large proportion of dark specimens 
amongst my bred H.. hyerana ? At first I thought that dark speci- 
mens were unknown (one only, taken last year [1903] at Gibraltar), 
because there were really very few specimens in collections, and this 
is no doubt an element in the case. But then Milliere bred nearly 
50 moths without one dark one. Milliere took his cocoons to Lyons, 
where the climate is no doubt much hotter in summer than here, and 
more like that of Hyeres, and so we may suppose that a cooler 
temperature during summer may account for the difference. The 
summer climate of Geneva, however, cannot be very different from 
that of Lyons, and M. Bourgeois bred dark specimens there. 
Gibraltar also is not quite British in climate. Again, we do not know 
precisely how successful liyerana may be when at home in hiding 
for aestivation deeply amongst stones and rubbish out of the heat. I 
think after speculating on all possible explanations there will remain 
an unexplained margin, only to be set down to a change in the 
constitution of the species, by which a melanic phase has arisen, as it 
has done in so many species in England and elsewhere. 

I hope that Mr. Powell will succeeed in throwing more light on 
this question in the coming season. 

{To he continued). 



By Paymaster-in-Chief GERVASE F. MATHEW, R.N., P.L.S., F.E.S. 
{Concluded from fage 108). 

The young laroce when removed from beneath the flakes of wood, where they 
lie close together side by side, at once retire to any crack available. Owing to this 
habit I found it difficult to make a thorough examination of tlie living larvae until 
they were well grown in the 1st skin. When freshly hatched they were pale 
coloured, somewhat flattened dorsally, and tapering slightly from head to anus. 
The head, which is carried horizontally, is pale brown. The scutellar plate large 
and distinct, hairs of medium length with fairly conspicuous chitinous tubercles at 
the base. The skin appears much wrinkled and bears a sparse coat of small 
spicules. The larva drops on a tliread and loops but very sligiitly in crawling. 

July 2\st, 1903. — Ova of L. fallens received from Rev. C. R. N. Burrows who 
very kindly forwarded me a large batch for comparison with favicolor. Three or 

1905.] 133 

four of these were laid beneath a loose flake of wood at the bottom of a chip box, a 
very large number between the side of the box and a blade of grass that was coiled 
round the inside of it, a few much smaller batches were also laid on the outer side 
of this grass blade, and still others between the folds of a short length of ribbon 
grass. These ova are compai-atively freshly laid and are full and rounded, quite 
unlike the ova of favicolor, which, however, were about to hatch when I examined 
them, so that the comparison may not be of much value. They are fairly firm and 
are quite easily detached, nearly globular in shape, just a trifle flattened at base, 
with a diameter of between 6 and 7 mm. They are certainly delicate, but do not 
mei'it (as yet) the description of mere shapeless transparent skins, applied to favi- 
color just before hatching. A sharp but very delicate slightly raised cell pattern is 
visible on the surfaces that have not come in contact with the sides of the cavity in 
which they are laid, or the adjoining eggs. These cells run together at the top and 
form a delicate micropylar rosette. Such fragments of shell as have not been eaten 
by the \a,rvis oi favicolor give no evidence of any value, either negative or positive 
on comparison. 

t/tt^^ 2l4<, 1903. — Young larvcB of favicolor well groion in \st skin. Head, 
small, roimded, and slightly notched on the crown, surface polished of semi-trans- 
parent appearance ; the colour of one of the larvae under examination was bright 
brown, of another it was very much darker and nearly black in places. The head is 
now carried in a more vertical position than when freshly hatched. 

Body. — This tapers from head to first abdominal segment, and from thence 
very gradually to the anus. The segments are very plainly marked, they show five 
sub-divisions on the meso- and meta-thorax, four only on the abdominal segments, 
but as division between the first two is very faint the appearance is rather of one 
large and two small ones. Both prothoracic and anal plates are clearly marked but 
somewhat paler than the head. The tubercles are noticeable, having black chiti- 
nous bases bearing short brown hairs j the true legs are either black or dark brown ; 
prolegs not distinctively coloured, the first pair not fully developed, but the second 
pair are used ; the mode of progression is normally a quick, jerky crawl, though 
occasionally the larva loops considerably in the usual Noctuid fashion. The colours 
are dark green above, paler beneath, and they frequently appear patchy owing to 
the food in the intestines showing as a dark mass. There is a faint and narrow 
medio-dorsal streak and a similar but double line on the subdorsal area, there is 
also a sharp line of demarkation at the juncture of the ventral and lateral 

Tubercles i and ii on meso- and meta-thorax are situated in transverse line, the 
inner tubercle being the smaller of the two; iii is situated in almost vertical line 
beneath ii, and below this is iv bearing a weaker hair than the others, it also has a 
small extension that gives the impression of there being two tubercles side by side ; 
V is slightly to the front at a lower level, and the subprimary behind not quite so 
low as V ; another subprimary vi below v is represented by a minute tubercle and 
hair, vii just above base of legs, is a single haired tubercle. On the abdominal 
segments i and ii are set as normally at the corners of a trapezoid ; iii is a short 
distance above the small dark coloured spiracle which might easily be itself 
mistaken for a tubercle if it were not for the absence of a hair. The spiracle is 

134 [June, 

placed centrally except on the prothorax and first abdominal, on the latter towards 
the posterior, and on the former towards the anterior margin. On the prothorax 
and 8th abdominal it is as usual considerably larger than on the other segments, 
while it is slightly enlarged on the 1st abdominal also, iv is on most segments 
directly beliind the spiracle, but on some scf^nienls it is slightly above it; v is some 
little distance below the spiracle and slightly anterior to it on most segments. The 
marginal tubercle vii is single haired on the 1st and 2nd abdominal segments. 

Larore in 'Znd skin. — Head, pale brown, with two darker stripes down either 

Body. — Anal and prothoracic plates pale brown, the thoracic and first abdo- 
minal segments are bright grass-green on the dorsal area, on the following abdo- 
minal segments this area is a duller and yellower green. A very broad bright grass- 
green lateral band, narrowly margined with white extends from head to anus, its 
lower margin just including the spiracles. The ventral area is both paler and 
duller, yellowish-green from 2nd abdominal to anus, and bluish on thoracic and 1st 
abdominal segments. There is a white medio-dorsal line and a similar subdorsal 
one on either side. 

Avgust Qlh. — The first batch are now well grown in their 3rd skins. They are 
neat and compact looking larrse, thickest at the 1st and 2nd abdominal segments, 
tapering gradually towards anus and more rapidly to head. The colours are now 
much darker, the dorsal and lateral areas are dark olive-green, the narrow medio- 
and subdorsal lines still persist ; there is a dark lateral band which forms a hard 
line between the dark upper-side and the pale ventral area, there are also several 
faint dark lines between the lateral and subdorsal lines, and these together with 
the black tubercles and pale brown hairs give the general effect of an olive-brown 

On September 22nd I made a careful comparison between the 
larvae of favicolor and those of pallens, and noted as follows: Batch 
No. 2 of favicolor are in the same stage as those of pallens (about 
I inch long). Those of Batch No. 1 are one moult ahead (about f inch 
long). I could find no trace of any structural difference, nor any in the 
markings, only some divergence in the general colour, but here one 
was met by the difficulty of discriminating between how much was 
individual and how much specific variation, as there was considerable 
variation in this respect in the larvae of each batch. 

The only point of structural divergence noted seems to be that 
of the size of the eggs, but as in the case of favicolor the diameter 
was a matter of judgment and not of actual measurement, as with 
pallens. This point should be accepted with caution until confirmed. 
Description of the pupa of L. favicolor from a dead specimen 
preserved in a weak solution of formaline. 

The specimen, which is a maje, is considerably shrunken, and the anal arma- 
ture has apparently suffei'ed considerably either in removal from the cocoon or in 
the post. Length 16 mm. ; greatest diameter at end of wing cases ; 4th abdominal 

1905.] 135 

6 mm. ; from head to tip of wings 10 mm. It is of quite the ordinary Noctiiid 
sliape, cylindrical and of tolerably even thickness, hlunt at head and tanering 
rapidly to anus from about the 7th abdominal segment, the taper from '1th to 7th 
being very gradual. 

In colour it is of a rich red-brown wilh ])olished surface, which is somewhat 
thickened and deeply but smoothly ))itted on the dovsul anterior I'idges of 5th and 
»)th abdominal segments, this character being slightly in evidence on the Ist and 4th 
abdominal segments as well. The colouration is much darker on these raised dorsal 
ridges. A few of the setse on each segment are easily made out, notably iv and v 
and one of the trapezoidals, doubtless in a fresh specimen all would be traceable. 
The spiracles are small and somewhat raised, and the sexual organs thougli smooth 
are distinct. There is some tendency to a dorsal keel on the thorax, but probably 
this has been much accentuated owing to the shrinkage. The eyes are large and 
prominent. On either side of the labrum is a small raised process, but this is 
apparently only a corner of the eye cover, as there are no signs of a suture separa- 
ting it off from the remainder of the cover. A small, narrow central slip beneath 
the labrum represents the labial palpi. On either side of this are the maxillae, very 
large at their base and extending to the tips of the wings. The antennae cases are 
much raised (? owing to drying), they do not quite reach to the tip of the wings, 
just outside these the covers of the second pair of legs extend to tips of wings, and 
inside these again are the covers of the first pair of legs reaching to within about 
one-third of the ends of the wings. There is also a small and very narrow slip 
between these last and the maxillae sheaths, probably a portion of the cover of iirst 
femur. A narrow slip of the hind-wing is traceable as far as the spiracle on the 
third abdominal segment." 

Dovercourfc, Essex : 

February 1st, 1905. 



{Concluded from page 87). 

The synonymy of this species has been terribly confused, ap- 
parently owing to the fact that authorities have copied statements 
from one another without taking the trouble to confirm their accuracy. 
Prof. Beare kindly undertook to unravel the tangle, and he has sup- 
plied me with the following notes on the synonymy. 

Marsham, in his " Entomologia Britannica " (1802), vol. i, p. 
122, described a new species under the name T. bicolor. Apart from 
the fact that, as usual, the description is so meagre that it will fit 
several of the species, we have authentic proof that this insect was 
only T. cenen. (There are in the Stephens' collection of Goleoptera in 
the British Museum two specimens, which are simply eenea, marked 
Marsham's types, and standing under the name bicolor.) 

136 fJuiie, 

Gyllc'iihal, in his " Insecta Succica," vol. i, p. 205 (1S08), gives a 
full and accurate description of a species of this genus, which he 
states to be Marsham's hicoJor, but there is little doubt that he never 
saw any of Marsham's types, and from this mistake of Gyllenhal has 
arisen the whole confusion. Gyllenhal's description fits accurately 
the insect we are dealing with, and in most of the European w^orks 
up to the present the species has been ascribed to him, as the first 
author to give a true and recognisable description. 

Stephens, in his " Illustrations of British Entomology (Mandi- 
bulata)," iii, p, 89 (1827-35), copied Gyllenhal's description, and 
thus made it appear that he had taken steps to confirm Gyllenhal's 
supposition that his bicolor was INlarsham's, but he did nothing of the 
kind. All three specimens in the Stephens' collection, as was pointed 
out by Mr. G. H. Waterhouse* in his Catalogue of British Goleoptera 
(1861), were incorrectly named, two being cenea,f and one lacordairei, 
and it is the neglect by some of the Continental authorities of the 
clear and explicit statement of Mr. Waterhouse, which has perpetu- 
ated right up to the present the confusion in the synonymy of 
this insect. 

Lacordaire, in his " Monograph of the Erotylidse " (1842), deals 
with the genus Triplax on pages 202 to 218. He ascribes bicolor (p. 
215) to Gyllenhal, and states that Marsham's and Stephens' bicolor 
were synonymous with it ; he evidently followed Gyllenhal in this 

Bedel, in " L'Abeille," for 1868-9, Vol. v, p. 1, published a Mono- 
graph of the Erotylidce of Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. 
In this monograph he ascribes Marsham's and Stephens' bicolor to 
cenea, Schall., but in the synonymy of bicolor, GylL, he brings in 
again Stephens' bicolor in part, and he considers Charpentier's scutel- 
laris, taken in Hungary, and described in Horae Ent. Eoss. (1825), p. 
244), to be merely a variety of Gyllenhal's bicolor. Lacordaire had 
retained Charpentier's insect as a distinct species. In the same 
volume of " L'Abeille," p. 136, M. Bedel published three notes of cor- 
rections on his monograph, and in the second note refers to Mr. 
Waterhouse's examination of the Stephensian specimens of the genus 
Triplax. He says that Mr. Waterhouse had stated, in an article 
published in the Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 
3rd series, 1862-64, p. 129, that of the three insects standing under 
the name of bicolor in the Stephens collection two were cenea (and 

* At the request of Frof. Hudson Beare, Mr. C. O. Waterhouse kindly re-examined these 
three specimens, and he absolutely confirms their identification with nnea and lacordairei. 

+ Stephens says (I. c), " I possess a pair from Marsham's collection, and 1 once beat a single 
example from a birch tree in Coombe Wood in June. 

1905.] • 137 

these were marked Marsham types), and that the third specimen was 
ru/icollis. 110.0.,=^ lacot'dairei, Crotch, and that this latter had by a 
stranfi;e confusion served as a model for fis:. 4, plate 17, vol. iii, of the 
" Illustrations," to which had been attached the name hicolor. It 
will be seen, therefore, that as far back as 1868-9 a continental 
authority of high standing had abandoned the notion that Gryllenhal's 
insect was the same as Marsham's and Stephens', the evidence against 
such an idea being overwhelming, and yet, strangely enough, Grangl- 
bauer, in " Die Kiifer von Mitteleuropa," has gone back again, and 
insists that Stephens' insect is the same as Gyllenhal's, though he 
rightly enough ascribes Marsham's insect to (sneo, Sehaller. 

Mr. Crotch, in "The Entomologist," 1870, vol. v, p. 7, published 
some notes, based upon Bedel's " Monograph," on the genus Triplax. 
He there introduced the name (jyllenhali for hicolor, Gyll., and, 
strictly speaking, Crotch's name ought to be adopted for the insect 
we are dealing with ; as, since Marsham had already used the name of 
hicolor for another species, Gyllenhal's name, according to the strict 
law of priority, ought to drop ; but as nearly all the European 
authni'ities seem to have made up their minds definitely to keep to 
the name of hicolor, Gyll , for this insect, it seems preferable, for the 
present at any rate, to retain that name. 

Thomson, in his " Skandinaviens Coleoptera " (vol. v, p. 295), 
1863, retains the name of hicolor, Gyll., but considers Marsham's 
insect to be a synonym of it. Stierlin, in "Die Kafer-fauna der 
Schweiz," 1900 (vol. i, p 496), also retains hicolor, Gyll., and places 
scutellaris as a synonym of it ; and this is the way it is treated in the 
latest European Catalogue of Heyden, Reitter, and Weise (1S91). 

In concluding these remarks about the synonymy of this insect, 
it ought to be mentioned that Ganglbauer has selected, as the name of 
the species, scufellaris, Charp., for what renson it is impossible to say* 

A few additional notes as to its habitat may be of interest. As 
mentioned before, it occurred with (snea, and this latter was in count- 
less numbers, in fungi growing on elm and holly up to a height of 
twelve feet, or more, but hicolor was more local, and was found chiefly 
in fungi growing on elm, and later in the month on holly, and in 
greatest numbers at a height of about only four feet from the ground. 
There were numerous larvae in the fungi, most probably those of 
hicolor,SiX\(\ in cells in the fungus stems I found some freshly emerged 
hicolor. It appears probable, therefore, that its larval and pupal life 

* Ganglbauer probably considered it necessary to adhere to the strict law of priority, and 
therefore to abandon the name bicolor, owing to its use by Marsham in describing cenea. 

138 [June. 

is spent within funa;us. All the specimens of (snea taken were fully 
mature, anH amongst them were a few taken from funa;i on yew, 
aj^reeinff in all respects with cenea, but with the elytra shining black, 
instead of the usual bluish-green colour. Upon briefly examining 
one of these holly trees a few days ago (Feb. 5th, 1905) <snea was 
found in even greater numbers than in the summer, making the 
fungoid surface beneath the bark one blue glittering mass, and iu 
a web wherein numbers of cenea had perished, a mutilated example of 
bicolor was found. Further and more particular search, I am sure, 
will bring to light bicolor s hibernating quarters. 

One point is quite clear from Prof. Beare's examination of the 
synonym}'^, i. e., this ])articular species has never before been taken 
in Great Britain, and therefore it is a genuine addition to the British 

My sincerest thanks are due to Mr. Holland for having first 
pointed out this interesting addition to our fauna, and to Prof. 
Hudson Beare for so kindly and generously supplying me with its 
literature and history. 

Winlaton-on-Tyne : 

February 8th, 1905. 

Medon castaneus, Grav., near Oxford. — I have recently had the good fortune 
to meet with two examples of this apparently very rare Staphylinid in the Oxford 
district. The first was found on April 22nd, under a small stone in a sandy field 
at Boar's Hill, some three miles from the city ; and a second specimen turned up at 
Tubney, on the 29th, in a sandpit at the edge of a wood. My friend Mr. W.. 
Holland has also an unrecoi'ded example of Medon castaneus, which he took in the 
same sandpit on May 4th, 1902. — James J. Walkee, Aorangi, Lonsdale Road, 
Summertown, Oxford : May IQth, 1905. 

Hydrohius fitscipes, L., var. xneus, Sol. — Two specimens of this uncommon 
and handsome variety of an abundant water-beetle have recently come under my 
notice ; one, a fine purplish-coppery form, being found among the residue of the 
Coleoptera taken by me in the Isle of Sheppey in August, 1904. The second, 
bright brassy-green in colour, was taken on May 6th in a small pond near Horsell, 
Surrey. In the Oxford district the predominant form of H. fuscipes appears to be 
the variety (?) picicrus, Thoms. — Id. 

Notes on Diptera in the New Forest, 1901. — As regards weather this was a 
decided improvement on the previous year, and generally speaking a good one for 
Diptera, but the few collectors I met were all agreed as to the comparative scarcity 
of many usually common species, to which the heavy and continuous rain of 1903 
may have been a contributing cause. On the other hand it will be remembered in 

1905.] 139 

consequence of several good and rare species having been taken, which had not been 
met witli for many seasons, including PecUvia rivoxa, L., Ctenojihora ornala, Mg., 
Tahamis cordigei\ W., Atherix marginafa, P., A. crassipet, Mg., Eristalix cryp- 
tarum, F., and Phortica varlegata, Scluir., but I regret to say only two of tliese 
came to my net. From Mr. B. Piffard I obtained a specimen of E. cri/ptarum, 
taken at the end of May, and several were taken later by Mr. Andrews, as reported 
in the March number of this Magazine, but my own visits to the locality were un- 
successful, the weather being unfavourable on each occasion Never having pre- 
viously met with any of the genus Atherix, during twelve years' collecting, I was 
surprised to find on July 13th a, "^ A. marginala in my garden, and later in the day 
took a c7 at Brockenhurst Bridge, a much more likely place for it ; and on informing 
Mr. Andrews of this he took up the running, which resulted in his finding the 
species abundant on alders, &c., further up the stream. Quite at the end of Sep- 
tember, and just before leaving Lyndhurst for the season, I found Phortica variegaia 
swarming about a Co.s.^Ms-infected oak close to my cottage. The species was unknown 
to me at the time, but recognising something new I netted a good many, which 
were subsequently named by Col. Yerbury, who reminded me that this rather large 
Drosophilid was recorded by Dr. Sharp as new to Britain, from specimens taken the 
previous year also in the New Forest (see Ent. Mo. Mag., vol. xxxix, p 248). Other 
captures included Leptomorphus wnlJceri, Curt., Ceroplatus tipuloides, F., Chilosia 
hergenstammi, Beck., Spkegina clunijjes, Flih, Xt/Iota florum, ¥., Chryaochlamiis 
ruficornis, F., Limnophora litorea. Fin. (?), Azelia aterrima, -^'Ig., Lispe tentacula, 
Deg., Hydromyza livens, F., Trichopalpvs fratemu-i, Mg., Scoliocentra villosa, Mg., 
Acidia lychnidis, F., and another $ specimen of the still doubtful Palloptera. I 
also obtained from Mr. Piffard two Oxycera trilineata, F. — Fkedk. C. Adams, 
50, Ashley Gardens, S.W. : March 8th, 1905. 

Occurrence of Pulex cheojii", Rothsch., at Plymuuth. — It may possibly interest 
your readers to know that Lieut. -Col. G. M. Giles, I. M.S., captured an example of 
Pulex cheopis, mihi (Ent. ^^o. Mag., 1903, p. 85), on Mus decumanus at Plymouth, 
on April 16th last. This is the flea usually associated with the spread of plague, 
and it has not previously been recorded from the British Islands. — N. Chakles 
Rothschild, 118, Piccadilly, W. : May Ath, 1905. 

Pulex cheopis, Rothschild, in England. — Wishing to obtain specimens of rat- 
fleas to illustrate, in relation to their supposed connection witii the transmission of 
plague, I had occasion to examine a number of rats {Mus decumanus) taken at 
Plymouth, and amongst them came across a specimen of the above species. As this 
flea is hitherto recorded as a pui-ely tropical form, I submitted the slide to the well 
known authority on the subject, the Hon. N. C. Eothschild, who has been kind 
enough to examine it and confirm the diagnosis. As a great naval port, Plyniouth 
is in constant communication with all parts of the tropical world, through her war 
ships, so that the importation, assuming it to be such, might easily be accounted 
for, but on the other hand, this group of insect parasites has hitherto not received 
the attention it deserves, and it seems possible that it may be merely a not very 
common species, which has been overlooked. — G. M. Giles, I. M.S., Rtd., Byfield, 
Mannamead : May Wth, 1905. 

140 tJune, 


Queen-Rearing in England, with Notes on a Scent-peodttcing Organ 
IN THE Worker-Bee. The IIoney-Bees of India and Enemies of the 
Honey-Bee in South Africa By F. W. L. Sladen, F.E.S. Pp. i— vi and 
1—56. London : Houlston and Sons, Paternoster Square, E.G. ; and " British Bee 
Journal " Office, 10, Buckingham Street, Strand, W.C. 

Tills little treatise gives a very interesting account of the most modern methods 
of breeding queen bees, and gives illustrations of the contrivances used to induce 
the workers to raise new queens, when from some reason the original queen has been 
removed from the hive or shows signs of failure. It is arranged under eight head- 
ings : 1. Queen rearing in Nature ; 2. Modern Queen rearing ; 3. Nuclei and 
fertilization of Queens ; 4. How to save Queens reared under the Swarming im- 
pulse ; 5. Drones and Drone rearing ; 6. Introduction of Queens and sending 
Queens by post ; 7- Races of Bees ; 8. Breeding for Improvements ; followed by 
the notes mentioned in the title. 

We recommend this not only to Beekeepers, but to any Entomologist who 
wishes to learn the adaptability of the Hive Bee to its surroundings. — E. S. 


Br. Alpheus S. Packard. — On February 14th, 1905, Professor Alpheus Spring 
Packard departed this life at Providence, Rhode Island. He was born in 1839 at 
Brunswick, Maine, where his father at the time held a distinguished position in the 
Faculty of Bowdoin College. Young Packard graduated with high honours from 
Bowdoin in 1861, and after completing a course in medicine at Harvard in 1864, he 
immediately entered the service of his country as an Assistant Surgeon in the United 
States Army, in wliich capacity lie served until the close of the Great War of the 
Eepublic in 1865. 

Already in boyhood he had become deeply imbued with the love of Nature and 
scientific research, and had made such progress along these lines that when he gave 
up his commission in the army he was at once chosen to be the Librarian and 
Custodian of the Museum of the Boston Society of Natural History. While 
holding this position he entered enthusiastically upon advanced studies, guided in 
some measure by the elder A gassiz, and being affiliated by his tastes and pursuits 
with that company of choice young men who, deriving their inspiration from Louis 
Agassiz, have left in their work the most enduring monument to their great teacher. 
Great as have been the services which these have rendered to the cause of science 
in America, none of them have exceeded in the amount of careful and original work 
performed by the indefatigable efforts of A. S. Packard. 

After holding the Custodianship of the Boston Society of Natural History for 
some time he became Curator of the Essex Institute, afterwards Curator and sub- 
sequently Director of the Peabody Academy of Science. From 1877 to 1882 he was 
a member of the United Slates Entomological Commission ; and from 1878 until the 
time of his death he was Professor of Zoology and Geology in Brown University, 
Providence, R. I. He was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Entomological 
Society of London in 1884. 

1905.] 141 

Professor Packard was one of llio founders of tlie " American Naturalist," and 
edited this important journal for twenty years. lie was a most voluminous con- 
tributor to Zoological literature, and more particularly to the literature of Ento- 
mology. The bibliography of his writings upon our science includes many hundreds 
of titles. From 1868 until 1872 he published a record of American Entomology. 
His "Text-book of Zoology" has been widely used as a manual of instruction in 
American Colleges and Universities. In 1869 he published the well known work 
" A Guide to the Study of Insects," which ranks as a classic upon tiie subject, and 
has passed through many editions. In 1870 he gave to the world in large quarto 
as one of the volumes of Hayden's Survey issued by the United States Government, 
his great work, " A Monograph of the Geometrid Moths or PhalxnidcB of the 
United States," illustrated by thirteen plates. In 1895 appeared his " Monograph 
of the Bombycine Moths of America north of Mexico ; Part I, Nolodontidse," 
illustrated by forty-nine carefully prepared plates, and numerous maps. In 1898 
he published his " Text Book of Entomology," a work dealing with the subject 
from the standpoint of the anatomist and morphologist. It reveals as no other of 
his writings do, his vast capacity for original and minute investigation, and his mar- 
vellous industry. One of his most recent publications is entitled " Lamarck, 
the Founder of Evolution : his Life and Work." 

Professor Packard was a man of most lovable character. The atmosphere of 
controversy was not congenial to him, and he " studied peace and pursued it " in 
his relations with his scientific brethren. lie was always ready to aid those who 
required assistance in their labours, and young men beginning a scientific career 
always found in him a sympathetic adviser and friend. 

Among American Naturalists he held a very high place ; very few were 
accounted his superiors in general knowledge of Zoology, and none in knowledge 
of the anatomy of the Invertebrates. 

By his death science, not only in America, but throughout the world, has sus- 
tained a great loss. His place will not soon be filled, for it may truthfully be said 
that very few men have ever possessed so wide and, at the same time, so accurate a 
knowledge of all the manifold complexities of the anatomy at once of vertebrates 
and invertebrates as was possessed by Packard. 

[We are very much indebted to Dr. W. J. Holland, LL.D., P.E.S., for this 
tribute to the memory of our distinguished American fellow-worker. — Eds.] 

BlEMiNGHAM ENTOMOLOGICAL SOCIETY : February '20th, 1905. — Mr. G. T. 
Bethttne-Bakeb, President, in the Chair. 

Annual Meeting. ' 

The various Annual Reports were received and the Ofiicers of Council elected 
for the ensuing year. 

Mr. W. D. Collinge, The University, was elected a Member. 

A resolution was carried to invite the following gentlemen to become Honorary 
Members of the Society : Mr. II. St. J. K. Donisthorpe, F.Z.S., Rev. F. D. 
Morice, M.A., F.E.S., Mr. E. Saunders, F.R.S., and Mr. J. W. Tutt, F.E.S. 


142 [June, 

Mr. G. n. Keiirick exhibited a few insects collected by himself in the North of 
Scotland last year in the intervals of shooting ; he said that the most interesting 
perhaps were some silvery specimens of Larentia autumnata, Blch. They also 
included Calocampa soUdaginis, \\h., which was not nncommon, Anaifis paludata, 
,Thnb., var. imbutata, Hb., &c. Mr. J. T. Fountain, Adopsea thaumas, Hufn. 
{linea, F.) and A. Uneola, Ochs., taken at the same time in the Wye Valley ; also 
bred Actias nelene, Hb., reared in this country from Indian ova. Mr. A. H. 
Martineau, a small spray of oak upon which were the galls of three different species 
all close together ; they were probably made by Neuroterus lenticular is, 01., 
Andricus: fecundatrix, Hart., and Dryophanta divisa, Hart. He also showed 
Pemphredon lethifer, kSchuck., bred from bramble stems gathered at Mai'ston Green, 
together with its parasites, the Chrysid Ellampu-i auratua, L., and the Ichneumon, 
Perithous divinator, Rossi. Mr. W. Harrison showed series of Eriogastev 
lanentris, L., bred from a brood of larvae found at Ti'ench Woods, some of which 
had emerged in 1902 and others in 1904. 

March 20tk, 1905.— The President in the Chair. 

Sir George Hampson was elected an Honorary Member of the Society. 

Mr. A. H. Martineau exhibited Zeuzera pyrrina, L., taken at light at Solihull, 
also an entirely black specimen of Formica rufa, L., from Hay Woods. Mr. G. II. 
Kenrick, a fine lot of Pyralidse from New Guinea, including some new and many 
rare species. Mr. H. W. Ellis, a specimen of the rare beetle Platydema dytis- 
coides, L., from the New Forest. Mr. Colbran J. Wainwright, four specimens of 
Ptilops nigrita. Fall., a species of the Tachinidm new to the British List, found by 
Dr. J. H. Wood in Herefordshire in various localities. He said that since 
receiving Dr. Wood's specimens he had seen one taken by the late Rev. T. A. 
Marshall, near Teignmouth. Mr. H. W. Ellis, a number of the late John Sang's 
exquisite colour drawings of insects. Mr. Gilbert Smith, a specimen of Callidium 
violaceuni, with two tibiae and two tarsi on the left hind-leg, also the rare Longi- 
corn, Mesosa nubila, from the New Forest. Also a number of an Ichneumon found 
amongst the refuse stuff of an old stump, badly infested by Rhagium bifasciatum , 
upon which it had most likely lived, and huddled together for hibernating. — 
Colbran J. Wainwright. Son. Secretary. 

Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society :— The First Ordinai'y 
Meeting of the Session was held in the Royal Institution, Liverpool, on Monday, 
January 16th, Mr. Wm. Webster, M.R.S.A.I., in the Chair. 

The Rev. Chas. E. G. Kendall, B.A., Ripon Street, Preston ; and Mr. Albert 
Wade, F.E.S., French wood Street, Preston ; were elected Members of the Society. 

Donations to the Library were reported by the Secretary from Messrs. H. St. 
J, K. Donisthorpe, F.Z.S., G. R. Charnley, F.Z.S., and H. B. Score, F.R.G.S. 

A paper was communicated by Mr. E. J. Sopp, F.R. Met. S., F.E.S., on the 
Orthoptera of Lancashire and Cheshire. Mr. H. B. Score, F.R.G.S., F.K. Hist. S., 
then read a paper on " Ants, and their ways," which was copiously illustrated by 
lantern slides. The lecturer treated of the general external anatomy of ants, and 
on the uses of their various organs ; he then reviewed the habits of some of the 

1905.] 143 

better known forms, and tlie life-histories of such well known species as the " Driver 
Ants " (Anomtna arcens) of West Africa, the " Grain sloring Ants " (Atta harhard) 
of Palestine, &c., the " Parasol Ants " {(Ecocloma rephalotes), " Agricultural Ants" 
{Atta molefaciens), anrl others. Passing to a consideration of Formica rufa, F, 
fusca, F. sanguinea, Mi/rmica ni(jlnodit, and other T?ritish species, he recapitulated 
what is known regarding the habits and life-history of the various species, and 
mentioned that he had for many months had under observation in a Lubbock for- 
micarium a nest of our common black house ant, Lanius niger. 

Amongst exhibits shown wore a beautiful series of slides of larvoe by Mr. J. J. 
Richardson ; Acronycta leporina, Aiiarta mt/rtilli, Liparis salicis, Fidonia atomaria, 
Coenonympha davus,&c., by Dr. Cotton ; and Periplaneta americana and Leiicophcea 
surinamenxis, from the Liverpool Pocks, by Mr. Sopp. — E. J. B. Sopp and W. B. 
Harbison, Hon. Secretaries. 

February 20th, 1905. — Mr. Rtciiabd Wilding, Vice-President in the Chair. 

Mr. G-. Lissant Cox, of Oxton. was elected a Member of the Society. 

Donations to the Library were announced from Messrs. J. W. Carter, F.E.S., 
H. B. Score, F.R.G-.S., and E. J. B. Sopp, F.R. Met. S. A paper was communi- 
cated by Mr. Wm. Mansbridge, P.E.S., on " The Tortrice.9 of the Liverpool 
District." Several allied groups of the Wicro- Lepidoptera were also discussed, and 
notes of considerable interest relating to life-histoi-y given. Altogether 4 Pi/rales, 
fi Cramhidm, 3 Pterophori, 43 Tortricex (of which 15 were bred), and 26 Tinese 
were dealt with. A hearty vote of thanks was accorded the lectui'er. Amongst the 
exhibits were the following: several cases of Micro- Le;?i<^o/)fera, to illustrate the 
paper, including fine series of Phycix fusca = cnrhonarieUa, Fphestia elutella, 
Teras contaminana, Dictyopferyx ierqmanniana —a very pallid form, Catoptria 
semulana, &c., by Mr. Mansbridge. Varieties of Abraxas grossulariata by Mr. 
Mountfield. Morpho cypris (Colombia), Caligo telamonius, Sypolimnas salmacis, 
and Dhmorphia nemens (S- America), and a live specimen of Dermestes peruvianus 
from Tjiverpool, by Mr. J. J. Richardson. Aitlonium sulcatum, Oliv., and Longi- 
tarsus ceruginosus, recent additions to the British List, by Mr. W. E. Sharp, P.E.S., 
(Edemera virencens, L. (pair), and Malachius barnevillei, Puton, recent additions 
to the British List, and the very rare Bagous lutosns, Gyll., by Mr. W. Thouless, 
F.E.S. ; Anchomenns gracifipes, Duft., Quedius nigroccertdeus, Rey, and Bemhidium 
quadripustulatum, Dej., all three captured and exhibited by Mr. E. C. Bedwell, 
F.E.S. Triplax bicolor, Gyll. (with T. russica and T. eenea for comparison), 
recently re-instated in the British List, by the Secretary on behalf of Mr Bagnall. 
Leucophxa surin amen sis, an exotic cockroach from the Liverpool Docks, by 
Mr. Sopp. — E. J. B. Sopp and J. R. le B. Tomlin, Hon. Secretaries. 

Thk South London Entomological and Natural History Society : 
February 23rd, 1905.— Mr. Hugh Main, B.Sc, F.E.S., President, in the Chair. 

Mr. G. H. Briault, of Acton, was elected a Member. 

There was a special exhibition of Hybernia progemmaria. Messrs. Harrison 
and Main, series from (1) Epping Forest, mostly typical ; (2) neighbourhood of 
Liverpool, including a number of v. fuscata ; (3) Delamere Forest, only a few 

N 2 

144 lJ"'^^> 

V. fnscata. Mr. Tonge, series from Tilgate Forest, and Reigate, with some very 
prettily variegated forms from tlic latter place. Mr. Pi-iske, a short series from 
Richmond Park, including one specimen witli dark basal half to tlie fore-wings and 
the only example of southern origin approaching v. faxrata. Mr. Adkiii, bred 
series from Yorkshire, and read notes on the brood, together with series from 
Rannoch, Kent and Surrey. Messrs. Dennis, Rayward, Edwards and Turner also 
exhibited series from various southern localities. A discussion took place and it 
was noted (1), that all the southern specimens had light hind-wings, while in all 
y.fmcata forms they were dark; (2) all but v. /asca^a had the submarginal row 
of light wedge-shaped marks on the fore-wing, and (3), a general absence of inter- 
mediate forms between the general type and the dark var. Mr. Priske, a specimen 
of Helops fstr'iatus, in which the left antenna was bifurcated about one-third of its 
length from the apex. — U. J. Turner, Hon. Secretary. 

March 9th. — The President in the Chair. 

Mr. Harrison exhibited a living specimen of a large green Orthopteron found 
among bananas imported from Jamaica. Mr. Main, a box in which a living Javanese 
spider had been kept. A number of ova had been deposited and a brood of young 
spiders had emerijed. These had spun a dense mass of web and then shed their 
skins. FTe also showed a ])hotograph of the larva of Apatura iris in its hiberna- 
ting position on a leaf of sallow. 

March 23r(i.— The President in the Chair. • 

Messrs. Harrison, Main, and Co wham, long bred series of Colias edusa from 
ova deposited by a ? var. helice, sent by Dr. Chapman from South France in 1904. 
79 were ^s, 71 ? s. Of the latter 19 were typical, 52 var. helice. Only one or 
two specimens were in any degree intermediate in shade. Mr. Edwards, Pa/ji/io 
peranthus from Java, P. qelon from New Caledonia, P. encelades from Celebes, 
and P. acauda from the United States. Mr. West (Greenwich), some large species 
of Somoptera and Reteroptera from South Africa. Mr. Kaye, preserved larvse of 
Triphsena interjecta, and pointed out the distinguishing characters from the larva 
of T. orhona, also exhibited. Mr. J. W. Tutt gave an address on " Our British 
Plumes," illustrating his remarks on classification by a phylogenetic tree. 

April l^th.- — The President in the Chair. 

Mr. Winkworth, of Burdel t Road, E. ; Mr. Wright, of Woolwich ; and Mr. 
Penn-Graskill, of Wandsworth Common ; were elected Members. 

Messrs. Harrison and Main exhibited larvae of Nemeophila russula in their last 
stage ; they were from ova laid by a Cheshire <J , and were feeding on dandelion ; 
Mr. Cowham had reared a brood in the autumn from spring ova. Mr. Main showed 
his method of holding a twig with a larva or imago in position for photographing, 
by means of a compound clamp or test-tube holder and retort stand, as used by 
practical chemists. Mr. Adkin read a paper on " Belated Emergences," and exhi- 
bited various species in illustration. 

April 11th. — The President in the Chair. 

Mr. Bevis, of On gar, was elected a Member. 

Mr. Harrison exhibited living larvse of Agrotis ashworthii from jST. Wales. Mr. 

1905. 1 145 

West, Lehia cyanocephala and L. chlorocephala from Box Hill. Mr. Edwards, a 
number of species of the S. American groups of Papilio, Endoporion, Hectoriden, 
and Paridea. Mr. Kaye, long series of Jleliconius numafa, showing extensive vari- 
ations, in the hind-wings particularly; and also pairs of H. sylrana and K. novatns 
(?) ; all from British Q-uiana. Mr. Turner, cases of Coleophora saturntella on 
broom. Mr. Sich read a paper, entitled, " The Spot we stand on," and illustrated 
it with lantern slides. — Ht. J. Turner, Son. Secretary. 

Entomological Society of London: May 3rd, 1905.— Mr. F. Merrifield, 
President, in the Chair. 

Mr. J. Butterworth, B.Sc., was elected a Fellow of the Society. 

Mr. M. Jacoby exhibited a series of Xenarthra cervicornis, Baly, from Ceylon, 
and drew attention to the curiously complicated structure of the antennae of the <? , 
those of the ? being simple. Mr. G-. T. Porritt, specimens of Tephrosia conso- 
naria, ab. nigra, and melanic examples of Boarmia coiisortaria, from a wood in 
West Kent, by Mr. E. Goodwin. These forms were exactly on the same lines as 
the melanism in West Yorkshire, and it is curious they should occur in such 
widely separate localities. The two genera, however, are evidently prone to me- 
lanism, as Mr. F'orritt has now seen black or almost black specimens of all the 
British species except Tephrosia punctulata. Mr. J. J. Walker, (1) two specimens 
of the very rare Staphylinid, Medon ca.sfaneus, Grav., taken in the Oxford district 
during the last week of April, 1905 ; (2) several examples of both sexes of the giant 
flea, Systriehopst/lla talpie, Curtis, from field-mouse nests in the same district ; 
and (3) the type-specimen of the Bostrichid beetle, Dinoderux ocellaris, Steph. 
(taken by the late Prof. Westwood at "Little Chelsea" previous to 1830), from 
the Hope Collection at Oxford. Prof. E. B. Poulton read a note on " Heliotropism 
in Pararge and Pyrameis," communicated by Dr. G. B. Longstaff. Prof. L. C. 
Miall communicated a paper on " The Structure and Life History of Psychoda sex- 
punctata, Curtis," by John Alexander Dell, B.Sc. Dr. D. H. Hutchinson gave an 
address on " The Three-colour Process as applied to Insect Photography," illus- 
trated by lantern slides of British and Indian Rhopalocera ; the exhibits showing 
a marked advance in excellence to anything yet shown at the Society's meetings. 
The President at the close of the proceedings heartily congratulated Dr. Hutchinson 
upon the results of his work. — H. Rowland Brown, Hon. Secretary. 





Miss Fountaine, tbe records of whose butterfly-collecting ex- 
periences in many countries must have been read with delight by all 
entomologists, had the kindness to take for me in Algeria during the 
past summer a large number of Neuroptera. These were sent forward 
by post from time to time and the perfect condition in which they 

146 [June, 

arrived compares most favourably with almost anything I have seen 
in the wav of Neuroptera sent from abroad, and speaks of most care- 
ful collecting and handling, I would like to express here my thanks 
to Miss Fountaine for the courteous and ready way in which she has 
assisted me in this matter. 

The collection proves to be of much interest, as it adds, as far as 
I can ascertain, two or three species to the Algerian fauna, and es- 
pecially it comprises a fine series of the genus Ischnura^ including a 
species that is certainly new. I propose to describe this new species 
now, and at the same time to give an annotated list of the other 
species of Odonata taken— 22 in all. 

In connection with the following notes it will be found useful to 
refer to the paper by the late Mr, McLachlan, " Odonata collected by 
the Eev. A. E. Eaton in Algeria," &c. (Ent. Mo. Mag., xxxiii, July, 
1897, pp. 152 — 157). There is a considerable difference in the com- 
position of the two collections. In point of numbers Miss Fountaine's 
captures compare well with those of Mr. Eaton — considering that 
they represent the result of but one season's collecting by one who 
had no previous knowledge of the Order. There is, however, an 
absence of some important forms of Mediterranean or North African 
type. This may be due in part to the fact that Mr. Eaton's came 
largely from the eastern province of Constantine, while much of 
Miss Fountaine's collecting was done in the province of Oran, which 
Mr. Eaton did not visit. 

Subfam. Libellulinje. 

St/mpetrum fonscolombn, Selys. — The (? of this species when fully udult is in 
life a beautiful insect, and it much attracted Miss Fountaine, who sent a fine series 
of it from Sebdou, taken from June 26th till August 8th. It also occurred at 
Tlemcen, July 12th. 

S^mpefrum striolatum, Charp. — T^niet-el-Haad, June 15th and 18th ; Sebdou, 
July 1st ; evidently less commonly met with than the next species. 

Sympetnnn meridionale, Selys. — Teniet-el-Haad, June 14th and 18th ; Sebdou, 
from June 27th till August 9th ; also Tlemcen, July 13th. 

Crocothemis erythrxa, BruUe. — Biskra, April 2nd and 3rd. McLachlan {I. c.) 
remarks on the great variation in size and in intensity of colour. The latter no 
doubt depends on age. These Biskra examples are rather small. 

Orthetrvm ramhurii, Selys. — Biskra, April 2nd, and Hammam E'Irha, April 
11th, about half a dozen specimens, all teneral but one. I think, however, they 
are certainly all ramburii. 

Orthetrnm nitidinerve, Selys. — Teniet-el-Haad, June 8th, 10th, and 17th ; 
Sebdou, June 23rd to 3()th, and odd specimens on till July 23rd. 

1905.] 147 

Subfam. Gomphin^. 

Onychogomphus furcipalus, L. — Sebdou, June 30th and July 2vA, 2 $ 9 • 

Onychogomphus uncatus, Charp. — Teniet-el-Haad, June 13th ; Sebdou, June 
24th, 25th, and 30tli. A species apparently of rather western distribution, not 
taken by Mr. Eaton. On the other hand. Miss Fountaine unfortunately missed O. 
costie and O. genei, which occurred to Mr. Eaton in the more eastern districts of 
Algeria in April, May, and June, and which formed a very interesting feature of 
his collection. 

Oomphus lucasii, Selys. — Teuiet-el-Haad, June 14th and 18th ; two <J and 
two ? . A ? from Sebdou, June 25th, remains a little uncertain. 

Cordulegaster annulatus, Latr. — Sebdou, June 29th and July 9th ; Tleincen, 
July 14th ; one S on each date. Believed to be new to Algeria, although previously 
known from Morocco ; a striking form — jirobably the extreme of var. immacuUfrons, 
Selys. They may almost merit a distinct name, but iny southern material is too 
small to allow me to pronounce as to this, being confined to a few ^ $ from Digne, 
Basses Alpes. 

Subfam. ^schnin^. 

JSschna mixta, L.^Teniet-el-IIaad, June 18th, one ? fully mature ; certainly 
mixta, notwithstanding the early date. 

Boyeria Irene, Fonsc. — Sebdou, June 26t]i till July 8th, a few S S and one $ ; 
Tlemcen, July 18th, one c? ; a'so new to Algeria. An interesting insect, of build 
somewhat like the tropical genera Qynacantha and Acanthagyna. Its known range 
appears to be rather restricted ; Selys, in his 1887 list, gives Southern France, the 
Iberian peninsula, and the Mediterranean islands. I am not sure what the last may 
comprise, but the species occurs in Sardinia. 

Subfam. Caloptertgin^. 

Cahpteryx hsemorrhoidalis, Van der L. — Sebdou. A series in mature and 
perfect condition, chiefly taken on June 25th, but single specimens are dated July 
6th and August 6th and 13th. 

Calopteryx exul, Selys. — Sebdou, June 25th. A single (J , slightly imperfect, 
of this most interesting Algerian form. 

Subfam. Ageionin^. 

Platycnemis subdilatata, Selys.— Sebdou, June 25th, 26th, and 30th. A varied 
series (compare Mr. McLachlan, I. c, p. 156, on the subject of the variation of this 
species). Miss Fountaine was especially struck with the delicate beauty of the 
white form, the $ of which has a reddish-brown head and thorax. 


(J . Head above bronzed black. Post-ocular spots moderate. Posterior 
margin of prothorax with the central lobe small and rounded. Thorax bronzed 
blackish, humeral lines obsolete or obsolescent. Abdomen above daj-k, blackish or 
greenish-black : segments 1 and 2 with metallic sheen, sides of these segments pale 
blue; segments 3 to 7 bronzed black, 8 pale blue, 9 and 10 black above. In 

148 [June,'lf>05. 

segment 3 the bronze is broadest in front, then narrows, ex|jancUng again towards 
the liind margin ; 4 and 5 rather narrowly black widening towards the hind 
margin, and in 6 the black becomes rapidly broader, 7 being entirely black above ; 
the lateral posterior part of 7 and tiie sides of 8, 9, and 10 blue ; under-side of 
abdomen mainly yellow. The bronze on the upper surface of the middle segments 
seems to be rather narrower than in the other species. 

In the (f the dorsal tubercle of segment 10 is little raised, but tlie excision is 
wide. The superior appendages are produced into a long process turned inwardly, 
these processes being closely approximated but not crossing ; these appendages are 
blackish above, but beneath they are whitish or pale testaceous. The inferior 
appendages are large, nearly vertical, with an acute black tooth turned inwards, in 
some aspects traces of one or two minute teeth ; excepting the teeth, all whitish. 

In the only $ which can be associated with the $, the posterior lobe of the 
prothorax is distinctly raised somewhat triangular, the apex, however, almost 
truncate. Segment 1 of abdomen witli an almost square bronzed mark ; 2 with the 
bronze sliglitly narrowed behind. 

Abdomen, <?, 23 mm. Hind-wing, 15^ — 16 mm. 

Biskra, 2nd April. 

Apparently very distinct from all the other species of Isclinura 
found in Europe and Northern Africa, the inferior appendages of the 
cJ being especially different. It differs from /. graellsii in the 
absence of the dorsal tubercle on the second segment of the abdomen, 
this tubercle being a character of Isclinura maroccana also {cf. Kolbe, 
Berliner Ent. Zeitschr. Ed. xxviii, 1884, p. 133). McLachlan (Ent. Mo. 
Mag., XXV, p. 349), expressed the view that these two species were the 
same. Be that as it may, neither has anything to do with the present 
species, and I. lamellata, Kolbe, seems to be equally excluded. 

Ischnura graellsii, Rbr. — Sebdou, various dates, June 23rd to 3Uth. The 
examples are very similar to others before me from several Spanish localities 
(received from Father Navas). 

Ischnura sp. ?— Biskra, April 2nd. I am unable to satisfy myself with regard 
to this form. I submitted two $ to Dr. Ris, who inclines to the view that they do 
not differ specifically from graellsii. The appendages are very similar, yet I think 
there are slight differences. Then the posterior margin of the prothorax shows 
converging pale crests separated by a slight excision, in this respect different from 
graellsii. The peculiar structure noticeable on the dorsum of the 2nd abdominal 
segment is also much less pronounced than in graellsii {cf. McLachlan, Ent. Mo. 
Mag., XXV, p 349). These must remain doubtful until an opportunity arises of 
studying Isch. genei, to which species, it seems to me, they are allied. 

Fyrrhosoma tenellum, Vill. — Sebdou, August 8th, I ^ . 

Agrion mercuriale, Charp. — Sebdou, June 25th, 1 J . 

Agrion cserulescens, Fonsc. — Sebdou, June 23rd, 2*ith, and 30th. Both sexes. 
Personally I have not seen Agrion scitulum from Algeria, although it is recorded 

Ent. Mo. Mag., 1905.— Plate V. 

.|jp^ IP 


^ ^«^II.^ 

'- j^H^ 


9^- .-;:;.- -gy? ' 







Ent. Mo. Mag., 1905.— Plate VI. 


Ent. Mo. Mag., 1905.— Plate VII. 


July, 1905. 


from that country. I have, however, received cmrulescens from Algeria under the 
name of scitulum ; the two species are, without doubt, often confused. 

Lestes viridis, Van der L. — Sebdou, August 3rd and 8th. A fine series of 
both sexes. 

Si/mpycna fusca, Van der L.— Teniet-el-ITaad, June 16th ; Sebdou, June 25th 
and 26th. 

Explanation of Figures (Ischmcra fountainei) . 

1. Apex of abdomen from behind. 

2. Superior appendage viewed more from above (more enlarged). 

3. Apex of abdomen from above. 

4. Apex of abdomen from side. 

13, Blackford Road, 

Edinburgh : 
IWi February, 1905. 

{Continued from page 132). 

I did not detect any ordinary parasite affecting H. hyerana. 
No larva afforded any ichneumon cocoons or Dipterous pupse, and 
apart from a few casualties, every larva that spun up produced a 

150 [July. 

They had, however, a parasitic enemy of quite an unusual kind ; 
this was a larva of a Syrphus fly, that preyed on the larvae, by 
hunting and eating them, just as so many Syrphid larvse do with 
Aphides. I was, of course, somewhat struck by this fact and made 
various observations and experiments to satisfy myself that it was 
not a mere accidental occurrence, or that I was not in any way 
mistaken. I found the SyrpTius eating (sucking ?) the Tortrix larva, 
I found remains of Tortrix larvae that had been eaten (partially eaten 
or sucked). I found larvse in a plant disappear, and nothing to show 
for it but their remains and a larva of Sijrplius. I searched 
sedulousl}' for any Aphides or Coccids, or other possible prey of the 
Syrphus, not only on my plants with hyerana larvae, but over many 
plants at large, but could never detect any, nor could I find larvae of 
the Syrphus except with H. hyerana. A few Syrphus larvae placed in 
a box with some larvae of the Tortrix soon managed to catch and 
demolish the latter. As soon, as by the lashing movement of its head, 
the Syrphus touched a Tortrix, the latter was captured and unable to 
escape, a position of affairs of which I was much reminded when, 
later in the year, I fed some Myrmeleon larvae with caterpillars. 

I found the Syrphus larva in the living tubes of hyerana, but 
did not learn how they got in, and am unable to say whether their 
entry is due to some accident, or whether the best defences of the 
Tortrix are useless against the fly. These Syrphids pupated as soon 
as full-fed, they began to emerge as imagines April 24th, and had all 
come out in another week or two. I bred nearly a score. The fly is 
Xanthandrus comtus, Harris, a species that I learn from Verrall's 
work on Syrphidce is a rather rare British species, and is held to be 
seen only in autumn. 

Of course, the climate of Hyeres is so different from ours, that 
no conclusions can well be drawn from the one to the other. One 
thing, however, seems so probable that one may almost say it is 
certain, and that is that the flies that emerge in April and early May 
do not survive to lay eggs the following February or March on the 
Asphodels, so that there must be an intermediate brood, one at least, 
that lives on some other plant, and eats some other insect, aphis, or 

I, reared, after I got home to Reigate, a number of Syrphus larvae 
from eggs found on Veronica chamcedrys. These larvae throve well on 
Aphides, amongst which the eggs were found, but also eat larvae, 
when supplied with them and deprived of Aphides. Several other 
captured Syrphus were experimented with, and some of them would 

1905.] 151 

not touch larvse, and others did so reluctantly. The Veronica 
Syrphid duly emerged, and proved to be the common Melnnostoma 
mellinum, its abundance is perhaps a proof (or result) that the 
larva is more or less omnivorous, and capable of eating rather 
varied viands. It showed me, however, that larvse were by no means 
an extraordinary food for Syrphids ; the chief peculiarity in con- 
nection with X. co7ntus being that the larva is its normal food, and 
that its instincts are such as fit it for hunting the larva) into the 
recesses of their burrows. 

The larva of X. comtus is very like many other Si/rphus larvse I have casually 
noticed. It is green, with lateral markings of yellow and central of brown, 
which are due to items of internal anatomy, the skin seeming to be quite colourless 
and transparent, or nearly so. 

The pupa is very globular, more so than any other Syrphus pupa I have 
observed ; there is, however, a short tail ending in the posterior spiracles. This 
pupa illustrates more strongly than usual how the dried larva skin of Syrphus, 
when forming the puparium, expands greatly at the narrow cephalic end and 
shrivels to a mere scrap at the wide anal end. This " pupa " varies much in 
colouring. It may be pale green without mark or with three pairs of black dots, 
or it may be darker. It presents for a time much of the larval yellow and brown 
markings. The darker pupse are more opaque, and have various actual skin 
markings. These are a brownish or reddish dorsal and lateral line, the three pairs 
of dots noticed, are produced obliquely backwards to the dorsal line, forming arrow- 
shaped markings, and in some the markings suffuse over the whole surface ; the 
lateral line and the three dots are most persistent. Towards emergence the paler 
and more transparent pupae show the contained imago with its markings curiously 
shortened in the nearly round case. The round portion of case is 5'5 mm. long, 
4 mm. broad, and 3"5 mm. high. A little narrower and lower posteriorly than in 

On October 1st, 1904, I placed in a jar a ? H. hyerana, ordinary 
form, with a dark (jnarginata) ^ , and some lupin leaves ; I did not 
see them paired, but on October 4th I found two batches of eggs 
laid on the side of the jar. They were not very conspicuous, and I 
fancied one batch had been laid the previous night, and the other the 
night before, but had escaped observation, as afterwards one batch 
each night was the rule. The batches were each night smaller and 
smaller, till the ? became exhausted. 

These first two batches then were the largest, supposing the Ist 
laid on the 2nd -3rd, it measured 17 mm. X 4 mm., and had about 
30 eggs in length, and 6 or 8 in width. Its form was a little less 
regular than this description perhaps implies. It contained 233 eggs. 
The 2nd laid 3rd — 4th was more compact but smaller, and 113 eggs 

O 2 



were counted in it. Thereafter each batch was noted the morning 
after it was laid, on the 3rd (he 1st batch contained 233 eggs, 

4th „ -Ind „ „ 113 „ 

5th „ 3rd ., „ 88 ., 

6th „ 4th „ „ 77 „ 

7th „ 5th .,, „ 58 „ 

8th no eggs laid. 

9th the 6th batch contained 52 „ 
(10th no eggs laid, moth fed). 

11th the 7th batch contained 26 „ 

13 „ 

23 „ 

16 „ 

9 „ 

6 „ 

7 „ 
3 „ 

13th , 

, 8th 

16th , 

, 9th 

ISth , 

, 10th 

20th , 

, 11th 

21st , 

, 12th 

24th , 

, 13th 

25th , 

, 14th 


The last were laid singly, and were small and misshapen, the 
moth laid no more eggs, and died a day or two later. 

The total eggs laid were thus 724, and my impression was that 
the moth was not larger than half the bulk of some of the larger 
specimens, which would certainly lay over 1000, possibly 1500, eggs. 


The eggs are oval, 1"06 mm. long by 0*75 wide, and are rather 
thin and scale-like. They are laid in patches, as with many Tortrices, 
in an imbricated arrangement. The eggs have a network of surface 
sculpturing, the cells of which are about 003 in diameter, and tend 
to be arranged in rows parallel to the egg margin. 

The overlapping of the eggs in a group is such that each egg 
overlaps its neighbour by about i of its width, and the one in front 
of it by nearly | of the length, but the lines are not directly acute, 
but rather oblique ; the arrangement is not identical over the whole 
of a patch, and the marginal eggs being somewhat radiating, there is 
more open order towards the edges. 

Plates Y and VI. 

Oct. 28th.— ?, died. 

Oct. 30th. — A few larvae hatched last night from the two first 
batches of eggs, and a large number about 11 a.m. to-day, this after- 
noon they are again quite quiescent. The 233 batch has afforded 
about 50 larvse, the 113 one about 96. This batch was probably 

1900.] 153 

therefore laid a day before the other, i. e., on October 2ud — 8rd, and 
not as the larger probably was, on 3rd — •Ath ; a conclusion the 
reverse of that arrived at above. The young larvae are white, with 
black head and plate, and are very active and capable of going through 
very minute clinks, so that they rapidly disappear if not looked to. 
A number are placed on an Asphodel about 6 inches high. The 
greater proportion of these disappear downwards and bide them- 
selves between the leaves where they arc in contact, a few, however, 
remain singly in the hollow of the leaves, and cover themselves with 
a little web of silk. 

October 31st. — The larvae yesterday seen under webs (and some 
others) are now in the substance of the leaves, having entered by a 
minute but very obvious hole, the larvae themselves being in some 
cases fairly well seen, and in others only apparent as shaded spots, 
the leaf being at the spot too thick and the larva not close to the 
cuticle ; other larvae are still external, but down between leaves where 
they are in contact, and have made a little spinning, and produced 
some frass. 

Of some placed yesterday on some leaves of a common perennial 
blue lupin, the only one visible without disturbing leaves has eaten a 
minute trench in the leaf of about one-half his own length. 

Oct. 7th. —Eggs laid October 3rd, now have the young larvae 
apparently quite matured inside, and the black head and thoracic 
plates are very distinct, and give a curious and interesting aspect to 
the patch, each head pointing in one direction, except the marginal 
eggs, in which all the heads are pointed outwards. 

Nov. 2nd. — The larvae placed on lupin make a web, generally 
of a tubular form, swung as a hammock, and eat the leaf at the front 
end of this, but never apparently mine into the leaf, whilst those in 
Asphodel nearly all burrow, one or two are still visible between the 
leaves towards their bases, where their surfaces are closely applied, 
only of course by separating the leaves. 

Nov. 6th. — The larvae seem to have been placed too abundantly 
on the Asphodel, as it is already looking sickly and yellow, and in 
places even drying, not where the basal burrows are but beyond them, 
several of the small leaves have many larvae in them. 

The newly hatched larva is about 1"2 mm. long, but 20 mm. if 
stretched, width of head 0"2 mm., white (or colourless), head and 
thoracic plate black, the legs and anal plate and bases of prolegs are 
also tinted dark, and more so some little time after hatching. The 
tubercles on abdominals are i, ii, and iii in usual places, iv and v with 

154 fJ^iy' 

front one highest, vi and three below. There is a well developed anal 
comb with five large teeth, and in some cases apparently one or two 
small ones at each end. The general skin surface is very finely 
spiculated with sharp points, the spiracles are prominent raised rings, 
faintly tinted brownish. The prolegs are circles of iiine hooks, and 
the same number occur in the claspers, but are ranged along a semi- 

Nov. 13th. — The eggs laid October 10th have finished hatching ; 
those laid 15th are hatching, and those of l7th are apparently ready 
to hatch ; larvae having cleared the egg of all surrounding material. 

Nov. 20th. — Of eggs laid October 20th one is hatched, others 

Nov. 22nd. — Three more of eggs laid October 20th have hatched, 
of those laid later all are apparently mature, except one of the last 
lot (October 24th — 25th), where the larva seems to have died when 
half developed. 

Dec. 26th. — Larvae preserved a few weeks ago in 2nd and 3rd 
instars, some are preserved to-day in 3rd instar, at 3rd moult, and 
in 4th instai'. Two or three larvae (not preserved) are a moult or 
two beyond this, and seem healthy on lupin. 

The larvae are whitish or yellowish-green, if not feeding, laid up 
for moult, &c., but are a darker, dirty bluish-green when feeding ; 
some seem darker than others, probably from the food not being so 
fresh, and getting dark in the alimentary canal. 

On February 4th nearly all the larvae kept in a warm room and 
fed on lupin had spun up. Some half dozen in a cool room on 
Asphodelus were only in 5th instar. Placed on lupin, they seemed at 
first at a loss, but a few hours later had apparently made themselves 
quite at home and were feeding. 

In the 2nd instar the larva is 2'5 mm. long. Head nearly black, width 
0"4 m., prothoracic plate dark, not quite black, anal comb blackish, 5 large teeth. 
Each tubercle has a well-developed scutellum ; 15 hooks to ventral, 14 to anal pro- 
legs. There is a very large development of tracheal branches in 8th abdominal 
segment, spreading from spiracle or main trachea to the surface of the whole of the 
alimentary canal in this segment. In two preserved specimens in which the trachese 
remain filled with air this appearance is very remarkable, and suggests a great 
demand for oxygen in some final digestive process occurring here. The skin surface 
is covered with verj fine points, lying in transverse rows, about 60 to a segment, 
the rows most distinct, i. e., most easily counted are those at posterior margin of 
each segment. 

In the 3rd instar the length is, when stretched, 6 — 8 mm. The head is 
0*6 mm. wide, tinted brownish, with a darker (black ?) mark on either side. The 
chief difference from previous skins is that each tubercle has the hair base black, 

1905.] 155 

marking out the positions of the tubercles by obvious black dots. The crochets, 
instead of pale brown, as before, are now black and conspicuous, 16 on ventral, 
and 19 on anal prolegs. 

In the 4th instar (half grown) the length is 10 mm., the head pale rufous, 
0'8 mm. wide, tubercles well marked by black dots, the base of hair and adjacent 
margin of plate both black, i. e., each margin of the membrane forming the articu- 
lation. The anal comb now presents 7 points, the marginal ones small, in this and 
the previous skin the end of each prong of the comb is seen to be bifid, crochets 
black, the legs brown, with margins of basal chitinous pieces black. 

Dec. 29th. — Most forward larva in last (feeding) instar. 

In the 5th instar the larva is much the same as in 4th, 
tubercles not perhaps so conspicuous, its general appearance and tone 
depend much on the intestinal contents ; the head is about 1'20 mm. 

The full grown larva is very like that of some of our common 
Tortrices, being green, tapering to each end, a little flattened. The 
skin really colourless, or nearly so, with skin points dark, but a darker 
or lighter green showing through, according to contents of larva, *'. e., 
amount of fat-bodies, and colour and amount of intestinal contents. 
The head is very light brown, darker than straw colour, but not 
black, as Milliere says, nor is the plate of prothorax, which is little 
differentiated in colour from the rest of the larva, the spiracles are 
hardly visible black circles. Otherwise Milliere's description is 

Larva, last skin not quite full grown. Length, 20 mm. — 24 mm. 

Colour, light bluish-green, with a darker tint on the back down to just below 
the spiracles, just as if it had a light sepia wash over it, probably due to the minute 
black skin points. 

The lines of folds between the subsegments look dark, where of course the skin 
points would be massed together. Tapers slightly forwards through the thoracic 
segments, and more definitely backward from about the fifth abdominal. 

Width about 2-5 mm., tapering to 2 mm. at prothorax and 1"5 or 19 mm. at 
head, and about 1'9 mm. at ninth abdominal segment. 

Head, very light oak-brown, with a very small dark line laterally not reaching 
forward to the eyes. Width, 2*0 mm. 

Eyes five on a black semicircle. 

Ends of jaws deep brown. 

There are very indistinct slightly darker markings on the head. 

Prothoracic plate green like the rest of the larva. 

True legs green, with a few darker markings on articulations along the margins. 

Ends of the last joints and the claws brownish. 

Subsegmentation. Thorax, 2nd and 3rd, a large central subsegment carrying 
the tubercles narrowed at the dorsal line, with a spindle-shaped one widest, dorsally, 
in front and behind this, these end in a point laterally about spiracular level ; a 
very narrow one again in front and behind these. 

156 [July, 

Abdominal, a very narrow fronl one, say width equal lo 1, then a broad one 
carrying tubercles 1 and 3, width equal to 7, another, width equal to about 3, carry- 
ing tubercle 2, and a posterior one nearly as wide ; these widths are only approxi- 
mate, as they vary much according to the movements of the larva. These all end 
at the lateral flange below the spiracle. In some attitudes this flange is invisible, 
in others it stands up almost like a separate roll laid on. Relow this again there 
are various rolls or flanges varying with the attitudes of the larva. 

Prolegs have a rather thick base, followed by a short cylinder and ending in a 
complete circle of hooks, which is a little weaker (almost interrupted) on the outer 
edge. Ihe hooks are in two rows, or rather in one row witli alternate hooks of 
different sizes, the inner and larger being twice as long as Ihe others, about 22 to 24 
in number. On the inner edge where they are strongest they might be described 
as in three rows or of three sizes, total about 56. 

The anal prolegs have only the anterior margin armed with crotchets, in two 
sizes, 40 crotchets. 

The anal comb has five large prongs each ending in a double point ; there is 
one smaller spine at either side, and a very minute one beyond, making really nine. 
The ends look broken or bifid. 

The anal plate is nearly circular and carries four hairs on either side. 

The head of the larva is darkest when young, in first skin black 
to the naked eye, about third skin it is really pale. The approximate 
width of the head at each instar is — 

1st 0'2 mm. 

2nd 0'4 mm. 

3rd 0'6 mm. 

4th 0-8 mm. 

5th 1-20 mm. 

6th 2-0 mm. 

in the 7th or sestivating instar it is just the same, or very triflingly 
less. It seems the same in all particulars, except in being devoid of 
chitinous brown colour or nearly so except the jaws ; it is remarkable 
that the jaws are so well developed, as they do nothing but eat the 
moulted larva skin, leaving the head. It is probably an instar that 
in nearly related species is still an active feeding one. 

It may be observed that some of my larvse hatched at Eeigate, 
and kept indoors, were already full-fed in the middle of January, 
nearly three months earlier than they would have been at Hyeres. 
Mr, Powell tells me at this date (January 0th, '05) plants of Asphode- 
lus have made hardly any progress in bis garden at Hyeres. 


The pupa is light brown in colour and rather slender. It is much the same as 
a whole group of pupa? found in the genera Tortrix, Cacoecia and Pandemis, but 
most resembles those of the latter genus. Other species in Tortrix and Cacoecia 

1905.] 157 

have a more rounded posterior extremity ; in this group the creniaser is a flat 
pen-like spine with a broad end ; in most of tlicse the end is square with the corners 
rounded ; in S. hyerana the corners are notched. In the male pupa also the wing 
and leg tips project bejond the third sibdominal segment, and without being attached 
to fourth, are accommodated in a hollow of that segment, with weaker and thinner 
integument. The maxillarj palpi are carried (on dehiscence) at the external angles 
of the maxilla, whilst in other of these Tortrices they are apt to adhere to the top 
of the first leg cases. Even in hyerana it is difficult to mount the head pieces 
without breaking them off, so delicate is the portion of ehitin that forms their at- 
tachment to the maxillae. 

There is no other very definite point I have been able to seize that would make 
a description of this pupa inapplicable to a considerable number of other species. 

The maxillary palpus does I find adhere to the top of tlie first leg piece on de- 
hiscence in a certain number of pupae, and to the face or eye-piece in others ; so 
that probably there is similar variation in other species. When it is attaclied to 
maxilla it is by delicate films marking the true organic connection ; in other at- 
tachments it adheres by the proper sutures not having yielded. Before emergence 
the halves of tlie proboscis are the merest threads in the wide maxilla cases ; still 
the motlis use them readily and efficiently for feeding. 

The characters of the larva and pupa not here noticed will 
be more easily understood from the annexed diagrams than from 

Plate VII. 


Plate II. — Plant of AspJiodelus microcarpus, ends of leaves remain fastened to- 
gether (on right of plate) by Tortrix unicolorana, but plant is prac- 
tically uninjured. 

„ III. — Plants of A. microcarpiis, of which three, 1, 3, 3 are wi'ecked by 
Hastula hyerana, 4 (in background) untouched. 

„ IV. — Imagines of Hastula hyerana ; light males at top {hyerana), dark 
males below them {marginata, Wlsm.), then light females and dark 
females. This plate is not so successful as might be desired. 

„ Y. — Group of eggs of K. hyerana, x 11 dianis. 

„ VI. — Portion of same group, x 20 diams., from Photos by A. E. Tonge, Esq. 

J, VII. — 1. Sketch (under camera) of tubercles and hairs of larva of H. hyer- 
ana on prothorax, metathorax, 3rd abdominal, and 7th, 8th, 9th, 
and 10th abdominal, with anal comb. 

2. — Ventral view of pupa, S , with enlarged view of cremaster. 

3. — Side view of 5th abdominal segment of pupa. 

4.. — Pupal parts of head and thorax after dehiscence, showing maxillary 

palpi attached to maxilla, and eye cover attached to dorsal head 


158 • [J^iy- 

BY DAVID ROLLO, University College, Dundee. 

In the bean of Croton collujuaja there is often found the larva 
of Carpocapsa salt/fans, which by its movement inside produces the 
peculiar jerking action from which the name " Jumping Beau " is 
derived. The pale yellow larva is about 10 mm. long and 2 br'oad, 
while the beau is about 9 mm. long by 7 mm. high. The contents of 
the bean have been completely hollowed out, leaving a shell of about 
5 mm. thick. The shell weighs '05 gr. and the larva about '025 gr. 
In addition to the normal six thoracic legs, eight abdominal legs and 
two claspers, the caterpillar has on the head a brown plate (clypeus) 
which acts as a protective shield when the larva strikes the bean 
a blow. By removing one side of a bean and replacing this with 
a piece of micro-cover-glass, the movements of the animal were 
observed. On gently warming the bean the larva is seen to creep 
about in an excited manner. Sometimes it swings its head from one 

A A^ B b' 

side to the other, then by raising its body iuto position A, it delivers 
repeated blows on the shell. In most positions this would only 
produce a slight oscillation of the bean ; but when the larva causes 
the bean to jump, it is not at the bottom but fixed to the upper side 
of the bean, in position B. When its head comes in contact with the 
shell, the larva is still curved, and the reaction seems to straighten it 
when it again rears up to deliver more blows. A tap may be heard 
when it strikes a blow, and the brown plate or clypeus appears 
to be hard. 

I have never seen the larva fixed to the part of the bean next 
the support and trying to strike the top ; nor has it ever jumped 
more than 3 mm. high and 6 mm. along. The larva appears to desire 
to remain inside the bean : on removing the glass it was covered with 
a web and all corners had been closed up. 

I have had one for twenty-eight days in a small glass bulb, and 
although no food has been supplied, it still moves about and tries to 
cause a jump. 

April, 1905. 

1905.] 159 

Gnorimus nohilis, L., al Woolwich. — I was fortunate enough to take three 
epeciuiens of this rare beetle at Woolwich on May 20th last. They occurred under 
the bark of an ancient cherry tree which has been dead some years ; a number of 
the larvEe remain in the tree, and consequently I hope to obtain more of the perfect 
insect another season. — E. C. Bedwell, Norbiton, Surrey : June 8tk, 1905. 

Capture of Pselaphus dresdensis, Herhst, near London. — I took one specimen 
of Pnelaphus dresdensis, llerbst, from moss at the edge of Wisley Pond, Surrey, on 
May 30th, 19u5. I think this capture so near London worth recording, as in Canon 
Fowler's " Coleoptera of the British Islands " it is said to be very rare, and northern 
in its distribution.— G. E. Bryant, Fir Grove, Esher, Surrey : June 7th, 1905. 

Farther notes on the capture of Amara anthohia. Villa, and the comparative mor- 
phology of A. familiar is, A. anthobia, and A. ludda. — It was my intention to add 
a note to that of Mr. W. E. Sharp in the April number of the Ent. Mo. Mag., in 
which he announced my capture of A. anthobia, Villa, at Leighton Buzzard ; but I 
waited in order to have time to make a careful examination of the beetle, as it 
appears on this side of the English Channel, comparing it, in as many instances as 
possible, with the closely allied species, A.familiaris and A. lucida, and with the 
continental A. anthobia, if the latter were procurable. 

Fortunately I have been able to get together a good deal of material for obser- 
vation. I am indebted to Messrs. G. C. Champion, W. Holland, W. E. Sharp, J. 
R. le B. Tomlin, and Dr. Chaster, for kindly lending me series of A. lucida for 
examination, also to M. Bedel for twelve fresh examples of A. anthobia which he 
kindly collected for me in the neighbourhood of Paris. Together with this my own 
efforts in the field produced in a few days a larger number of A.familiaris and A. 
anthobia than I anticipated. 

On September 2nd, 190i, I turned up with my trowel, at the roots of grass, in 
a sandy soil, a batch of a small red-legged Amara. I was attracted by the small 
size of some of these (which subsequently proved to be A. anthobia), one or two 
appearing only a little larger than a good sized A. tibialis, accordingly I took a few 
for examination. On consulting Canon Fowler's " British Coleoptera,^' and ob- 
serving the less projecting anterior angles of the thorax in my specimens, I separated 
them by this character from the examples of A.familiaris, and put them away in 
my relaxing tin labelled A. lucida, as I suppose others have done before. I had not 
that species in my collection at the time. 

The fact of these being inland lucida, as I thought, induced me to return two 
days later to the same spot and take more, both days realizing eighteen specimens. 
In February, 1905, when overhauling these beetles thoroughly, I observed the pre- 
Bcutellary pore, and called Mr. Sharp's attention to this character — foreign to lucida 
and constant in all my specimens, at the same time sending him two examples. 

As already stated he most happily thought of the continental anthobia, and 
Bent me Putzeys' description of it, which, in my opinion, agreed well with the new 
Amara. At the same time Mr. Holland kindly sending me his series oi A. lucida 
to compare, the difference being at once apparent, I labelled my beetle " A. anthobia, 

160 [July, 

Subsequently hearing from Mr. Sharp tliat V. Bedel had proiioutieetl it A. 

anthobia, I set to work to collect fresh specimens, both of A. aiithobia and A.fami- 

liaris for comparison, and, as no Geodephaga were as yet moving in these parts, I 

resolved to dig for them in tlie spot in which I had last seen them in the previous 

autumn. I came upon the two species at once, and my diary shows the following 

entries of the occurrence oi A. anthobia with yainiliar is ; it also contains other 

entries oi familiarls occurring in large numbers without anthobia, which I need 

not record. 

A. anthobia. A.familiaris. 

Sept. 3rd & 5th, 1904 18 15 

March 20th, 1905 32 65 

;, 2l8t 67 42 

„ 22nd 71 (within a space of 3 yards square)... 63 

„ 23rd 35 32 

„ 31st 21 30 

April 3rd 21 50 

„ 15th 2 15 

May 5th 2 2 

269 314 

All these occurred in one place within 100 yards, and the majority within 30 
yards of each other. Besides these I have made three other isolated captures in 
difEerent directions with some considerable labour of search ; the latest of these, 
May I7th, occurring among 92 familiaris. 

I note that A.familiaris and A. anthobia thrive together in the above mentioned 
spot, far outnumbering other Amaras taken with them, including A. apricaria, 
Sturm, A. consularis, Duft., A. similata, Gryll., A. tibialis, Payk., and A. trivialis, 
Gryll. A. fulva, De G., and A. bifrons, Gyll., which I took close by, did not occur, 
nor A. infima, Duft., which is found a little further off. I have not seen A. lucida, 
Duft., in this neighbourhood at all. 

As to any previous occurrence of A. anthobia in Britain, it was anticipated 
from the first, when attention was drawn to its identity, that it would be discovered 
in British Collections confused with A. familiaris and A. lucida. This has proved to 
be the case. 1 have contributed series to fifteen representative private collections, and 
in five of these the beetle occurred ; also to the collections at the British, Edinburgh 
and Oxford Museums, which did not contain it. Mr. Holland was the first to find 
two examples in his collection, one of which, a ? , he took at Ogley Bog near 
Oxford, probably on a sandy ridge bordering on the bog. This specimen is labelled 
" Ogley, June 1.03, lucida ?" The second, a $ , labelled " New Forest, May, 02, 
lucida ?" was taken by Major Robertson for Mr. Holland. Both beetles Mr. 
Holland has sent me to see, and the New Forest insect proves of unusual interest as 
an aberration exhibiting three pores in the scutellary region instead of the normal 
two, one occurring at the base of the scutellary stria, and another at the base of the 
Butural stria on the same elytron. 

This is the only instance of the kind in 28-1' examples which I have examined, 
and, if I add statistics of other A. anthobia given me by different British collectors, 
in 325. 

19U5.] 161 

Another isolated capture of A. anthohia at Cliatham lias been recorded by Prof. 
Hudson Beare (Ent. Mo. Mag., May, 1905). Mr. Willoughby Ellis, of Knowle, 
Warwickshire, informs me that he has taken the beetle in some numbers, and he 
sends the following interesting particulars of his captures. 

Specimens. Date of Capture. 

Cannock Chase 1 May, 1882. 

Hartlepool 1 May, 1892. 

Hopwas Wood 5 April, 1895. 

Leighton Buzzard , 1 March 3, 1898. 

Sandown, Isle of Wight 1 May, 1899. 

Woburn, Beds. 

(8 miles distant from Leighton) ... 37 April 4, 1900. 

Knowle, Warwickshire 1 June 1, 1903. 


Commander J. J. Walker has also discovered one specimen among his duplicates, 
labelled" Chatham district," and taken by himself probably in 1898 or 1899, he 
tells me. This gives eleven isolated occurrences of the beetle at least. The earliest 
British capture that has come to my notice, if we may assume it to be so, is a beetle 
in the possession of Mr. Tomlin. I have examined this specimen, and it is un- 
doubtedly A. anthohia. It was found in the old British Collection of Sheppard, and 
written underneath the mount in somewhat faded ink is the date " -5^," i- e., 29 
years prior to Mr. Ellis's first capture in 1882. No locality is recorded. The insect 
come to me with one example of A. lucida, of exactly the same date from the same 

It will be interesting to see if time will bring to light the record of any eai'lier 
British capture of A. anthohia than this, and now that the beetle is known to 
collectors, to what extent it will betaken (to he continued). — G-EORGE A. Crawshay, 
Leighton Buzzard : Mat/ I9th, 1905. 

Acrognathus mandibularis, GylL, Sfc, near Woking. — Duv'mg the past week, 
a week of very hot, dry weather, I and my boy have captured several specimens of 
Acrognathus mandibularix, GylL, in this neighbourhood. They were caught on the 
wing, just before sunset, in a damp, secluded lane, flanked on either side by a 
nearly dry ditch filled with an accumulation of rotting leaves, from which they 
appeared to be emerging. Triarthron mdrkeli, Schmidt, Thalycra sericea, Sturm, 
and ThroKcus carinifrons, Bonv., were also taken on the wing at the same place. 
The locality is a new one for Acrognathus, which I had not previously seen alive. 
It may be noted, however, that Dr. Power once caught an example of it in a similar 
manner at Claygate Lane, about twelve miles distant, and that Compsochilus and 
Deleaster have both been captured flying in the evening at Horsell or Woking. — 
G. C. Champion, Horsell, Woking : June 3rd, 1905. 

Scymnus livldus, Bold, a synonym of S. testaceus, Mots. — By the courtesy of 
the curator of the Newcastle-on-Tyne Museum, I have been enabled to examine 
Bold's type of S. lividus. There can, I think, be no doubt that it is a small pale 

162 [July. 

example of S. testaceus, Mots., a very variable species in colour and punctuation, 
and sometimes even in shape. Fowler (Brit. Col., iii, 17t\ Table), separates lividus 
from testaceus by its black claws, but the claws of testaceus being black also, this 
distinction will not serve. Bold (Cut. Northiinib. and Durham, 1871, p. 109) 
gives " sea banks near Hartley " as the locality for lividus, and it must be noted 
that he took S. mulsaiiti, Wat., also " on the sea banks," and presumably at the 
same place. S. mulsanti is now regarded by most authoi's as a var. of testaceus, but 
it was not so regarded in Bold's time, or he might have suspected the identity of 
the two insects. S. mulsanti has apparently been a puzzle to foreign Coleopterists, 
having been referred by them in turn to scutellaris, Muls., redtenbacheri, Muls.,and 
testaceus, Mots., nor can its real place be considered as settled even now. — E. A. 
Newbert, 12, Churchill Road, Darmoutli Park, N.W. : May 11th, 1905. 

Epurwa longula, Er., and other Nitidulidm in the Derwent Valley. — On 
September 26th, 1903, I took a strange Epiirxa from a lingering flower of meadow- 
sweet (8pirxa ulmaria) in Gibside. At Mr. Tomlin's advice it was sent to 
Mr. Champion, who kindly identified it as i^ Epursea longula, Er. Mr. Bold 
took this species at Gosforth, but in consequence of having lost his specimens in the 
Post Office, he records it as doubtful (?) (Nat. Hist. Trans, of Northumberland and 
Durham, vol. iv, p. 56, 1871). 

Meligethes obscurus, Er. (distinctus, Shp. Cat.), another species of our Nitidu- 
lidcB doubtfully recorded by Bold (Nat. Hist. Trans., p. 57, " M. distinctus, Erich., 
/. e. 203. (.P). Rare. Seghill Dene. May."), has occurred at Winlaton and Rowlands 
Gill, Autumn, 1903 and 1904, my examples of which were kindly named by Mr. 
Newbery. These captures are interesting as confirmations of Mr. Bold's hitherto 
doubtful records. 

Srachypterus pubescens, Er., B. urticse, F., Cercus pedicularius, L., C. bipustu- 
latus, Pk., C. rufilabris, Lat., Epursea xstica, L., E. melina, Er., E. deleta, Er., 
E. parvula, Stm., E. obsoleta, F., E. pusilla, 111., Nitidula bipustulata, L., Omosita 
depressa, L., 0. colon, L., 0. discoidea, F., Meligethes rufijpes, Gyll., M. seneus, F., 
M. viridescens, F., M. erythropus, Gyll. (?), Cychramus luteus, F., C. fungicola, 
Heer, Ips quadriguttata,^., Rhizophagus depressus, '^ .,E,. perjoratus, Er., -K. ferru- 
gineus, Pk., R. dispar, Pk., R. bipusfulatus, F., and others not yet identified, have 
occui'red in the Derwent Valley of late. 

Cercus bipustulatus, local, from cherry blossom at Winlaton Mill, May, 1904 ; 
Epursea melina, recorded by Bold as very rare, from meadow-sweet, July, 1902, 
and hawthorn blossom, June, 1904, Winlaton Mill and HoUinside ; E. parvula 
from beneath bark of oak, spring; and by beating oak and bracken, autumn; 
Omosita depressa, Winlaton Mill, June, 1902. 

Cychramus luteus, said to be rare with us, occurs in numbers each summer, 
on meadow-sweet, hemlock, &c., Winlaton Mill, HoUinside and Gibside, whilst 
C. fungicola — if indeed these be two species — has fallen to me but rarely, although 
reported as common. 

Ips quadriguttata, which Bold records as rare, from beneath bark of oak, bird 
cherry, &c., was taken at Winlaton Mill in a like habitat, June, 1904, and again in 
October and November of the same year, from a large hard fungus ( Polyporus 

1905.] 163 

radiatusj growing on elm in Gribside. RhizophaguK perforatux — an addition to our 
List (Entom. Record, 1904) was taken from beneath the bark of a felled tree at 
Lockliaugh, September, 1903, and at the same locality early last year. In October, 
19 '4, I came across a very small example of what seems to be Ihis species from the 
above mentioned fungus, P. radiatun. 

Of course this short note is not in any sense a complete account of our local 
NitlduUda;, but rather of a few things tliat have occurred to me by indiscriminate 
and hapliazard collecting. — Richaed S. Bagnall, The Groves, Winlaton-on-Tyne : 
January 13th, 1905. 

Diptera in Scotland. — I have taken sijecimens of the following Dipfera during 
the past two seasons, and though some of them have been recorded in the "Annals 
of Scottish Natural History" (by Mr. Grimshaw in his "Diptera Scotica"), I 
venture to send these notes for publication in the " Ent. Mo. Mag.," as records of 
Diptera from Scotland are but few. I am greatly indebted to Mr. Grimshaw for 
r. uch kind assistance given in the determination of my captures. 

I collected at Aberfoyle for three weeks in July, 1903, and had one day's 
collecting there last year on June 30th. Nearly 140 species have been deter- 
mined, and I have a great many still to work out. In addition to Oxycera dives 
and Microdon viutabilix, already recorded in this Magazine, several other interes- 
ting flies occurred. Therioplectes xohtitialis, Mg., was a common species, and I took 
Tabanus sudeticus, Zlr., g , July 7th, 1903, at rest on bracken. Paragus tibialis, Fin., 
occurred at » sandy bank at which I also took the bees Halictus tmeathmanellus 
and H. leucopus, which interested me, as there appears to be some connection 
between the Paragus and Halicti, at the same and similar banks Metopia leucoce- 
pkala, Rossi, was in abundance ; and July 6th, 1903, 1 took a ? of Jf. amabilis, Mg. I 
was glad to take a t? of VerraUia avcta, Fin., June 30th, 1904, my first capture of the 
species. Both sexes of Pipizellajfavitarsis, Mg., were rather common in moist places, 
and Chry Kogaiier solstitialis. Fin., Syrphus compositarum, Yerr., S. arcticus, Ztt.,and 
several fine specimens (both sexes) of Eristalis rupium, F., were taken at wild rose 
One morning, July 8th, 1903, I found Chrysotoxum arcuatum, L., in fair numbers 
on bracken in wooded places, strangely the only occasion on which I saw the 
species ; C. bicinctum also occurred. On July 1st, 1903, 1 took a fine S of Cynomyia 
alpina, Ztt., this species has now been recorded from several localities in Scotland. 
Some forty species of Anthomyidx were met with, including Sphecolyma inanit. 
Fin., 2 (J , July 6th, 1903. Pegomyia transversa, Fin., Eomalomyia aerea, Ztt., 
and Caricea means, Mg., in coit4. Hyetodesia pallida, F., was abundant on 
bracken and low shrubs, especially in the wooded shores of Loch Ard. I do not 
know if my series (a long one) is aU the one species, as the S varies in colour, only 
about half of those taken being entirely yellow or testaceous as described by Meade, 
the rest having more or less of the thorax dark grey, and I notice that in most of 
the dark specimens the eyes are not so closely touching as in the former. All the 
females taken are entirely light coloured. A small bluish-grey Limnophora, which 
Mr. Grimshaw thinks is solitaria, Ztt., was common on the Aberfoyle hills resting 
on lichen-covered rocks, &c. In these situations it afforded a beautiful example of 
" sympathetic "coloration. I also met with the species at Callander last September, 

164 CJuly, 

evidently a later brood, as they were in fine condition, while a great proportion of 
them taken in July were ragged. I was also impressed by the colour adaptation 
exhibited by the Tachinid Mylocera carinifrons, Fin., which I found in some 
numbers, July 8th, 1903, sunning on a larch trunk, there was a great similarity 
between the colour of the fly and the lichen-covered bark on which they rested. 
In July, 1903, I was fortunate to take 4 ^ and 1 ? of Hi/drotxa pilipes, Stein, a 
species new to the British List, and the ? previously unknown ; it has been recorded 
with a description of the ^ by Mr. Grimshaw in " Annals Scot. Nat. Hist.," July, 
1904, page 158. Other species of the genus also occurred, viz., H. impexa, Lw., 
several in 1903, and in numbers, but only in a limited area, June 30th, 1904. 
ir. similis, Mde., was very common on bracken, &c., and R. palcestrica, Mg., 1 $ , 
June 30th, 1904. Though Mr. Verrall gives similis, Mde., as a synonym of 
palsestriea, they appear to be distinct. 

At Musselburgh Merodon equestris, F., was taken in my garden, while Chrj/so- 
gaster splendens, Mg., Qymnochseta viridis, Fin. (sunning on trees), Mychophaga 
fungorum, Deg. (on paling), Homalomyia manicata, Mg. («"» coit'O), H. incisu- 
rata, Ztt., S. monilis, Hal., and Coelomyia mollissima, Hal., all occurred along the 
banks of the Esk. Hydrotsea occulta, Mg., and H. armipes, F., were both common 
on bramble leaves. On June 30th, 1904, I took a <J of Hylemyia prwpotens, W., a 
fine species. 

At Aberlady I took, in June, Dolichopus clavipes, Hal. (one of the few locali- 
ties given by Mr. Verrall for this species), and at Callander in September, Arcto- 
phila mussitans, F., Rhamphomyia spinipes, Fin., and Liancalus virens, Scop. The 
last was in some numbers on the sides of a bridge over a stream near Loch 
Vennacher, and I was greatly interested in watching the antics of the ^ , as it raised 
itself on its long legs, lowered its wings, each with a silvery spot at the tip, and 
displayed itself before the ? in much the same way as do certain spiders. — A. E. J. 
Caetee, 4, West Holmes Gardens, Musselburgh, N.B. : April 4th, 1905. 

BlEMINGHAM EnTOMOLOGICAI SOCIETY : April lOth, 1905. — Mr. Or. T. 
Bethune-Bakee, President, in the Chair. 

Mr. E. C. Rossiter was elected a Member of the Society. 

Mr. J. T. Fountain gave an account of some winter collecting he had had 
recently, and said that he thought Entomologists ceased work too soon in the year 
and began again too late. On December 2nd he saw at Sutton more moths than he 
had ever seen befoi'e, chiefly Cheimatohia brumata, L., but also including Scopelo- 
soma satellitia, L., and Orrhodia vaccinii, L. On March 4th he sugared at 
Chelmsley Woods and the two last named species came in numbers. Mr. W. E. 
Collinge showed Collembola ; Sminthurus malmgreni, Tulbb., a species new to 
Britain from Knowle, and Lipiira ambulosa, L., from Solihull, where it occurred in 
thousands, in connection with some cauliflowers suffering from " finger and toe " 

i9o."s.] 165 

disease. Mr. Gilbert Smith gave an account, of the Coleopterous genera Crio- 
cephalux and Asemiim, illustrating his pajjer with some excellent drawings and 
specimens of the beetles in all stages. 

May \Uh, 1905.— The President in the Chair. 

Mr. A. H. Martineau exhibited a specimen of the rare saw-fly, Sehizocera 
furcata, ? , taken by Mr. C. J. Wainwright in Wyre Forest on May 26th, 1890 ; it 
had been named for him by the Rev. F. D. Morice, who told him that only two 
specimens had previously been known fi'om the British Isles ; he also showed a 
specimen of Tenthredo Uinda, S , vrhich had only one antenna with the normal 
white tip to it, the other being quite black ; likewise various other Hi/menoptera, 
chiefly Kxotic AcuJeata. Mr. J. T. Fountain, a series of Biston hirtaria, CI., bred 
from ova i-eceived from Yorkshire ; he said that the females were decidedly later 
than the males in emerging, about ten days on the average ; he also showed a 
beautiful series of Diantliaecia alhimacula, Bkh., from a locality he was not at 
liberty to mention. Mr. G. T. Bethune-Baker, a collection of butterflies of the 
Australian Lycsenid genus Offi/rix, which he had just described in a paper commu- 
nicated to the Entomological Society of London ; he gave a very interesting account 
of their peculiar habits and life-histories as far as known, chiefly dealing with their 
I'emarkable association with ants. — Colbean J. Wainwright, Ron. Secretary. 

Lancashire and Cheshire ENTOMOLoaiCAL Society : March 20th. — 
Mr. Richard Wilding, Yice-President, in the Chair. 

The Third Ordinary Meeting was held in the Society's Rooms, Royal Listitu- 
tion, Liverpool. 

Donations to the Library were announced from Messrs. B. H. Crabtree, F.E.S. 
H. B. Score, F.R.Q.S., Jas. Fletcher, LL.D., F.L.S., and C. M. Adams, F.T.C. 

This meeting took the form of a Microscopical, Lantern, and Greneral Exhibi- 
tional meeting, and proved to be a most popular and successful innovation. Mr. 
J. M. Williams' slides included the suckers of Dytiscus and the head of the 
Jumping Spider, Salticus tardigradus. Mr. Garnett showed the Fairy Fly, 
Anagrus inearnatus and the Hessian Fly. Mr. F. N. Pierce, the Chirping Drum 
and File of the common House Cricket. Mr. D. Whittaker, the strigil of Corixa 
geoffroyi and other slides of aquatic Hemiptera. Mr. J. E. Turner, head of plumed 
gnat, and Ichneumon flies. Mr. E. J. B. Sopp, larva of Meloe proscarabxu.t and 
spiracles of Dytiscus marginalis. The President, Mr. S. J. Capper, sent his well- 
known educational collections representing all the orders of Insects. Mr. W. A. 
Tyerman, a series of bred Selenia illunaria, and some beautiful moths from 
Winburg, Orange River Colony. Mr. F. R. Dixon-Nuttall, specimens of the North 
American Longicorn, Neoclytus erythrocephalus, found seven inches below the bark 
of an ash supposed to have grown in the St. Helen's District. Dr. W. Bell, pre- 
served larva of Noctua triangulum. Mr. Horton, larvae of Trochilium hembecifortne, 
in willow stems. Mr. J. R. le B. Tomlin, a case of exotic Cetoniidie, and one of 
Goliath beetles, including Goliathus druryi, G. giganteus and G. cacicus. Mr. 

166 (July, 

R. S. Bagnall, Leptura puheacens, Sinoxi/lon anale, Chrynohothrh chrysostigma, 
and a number of other foreign beetles introrlaced into the Hartlepool District in 
timber. Mr. Sopp, British burying beetles, borings of Hylesinus fraxini in ash, and 
locusts. Mrs. Sopp, the leaf insect, Phyllium scythe. Mr. Pierce, a large wasp, 
probably J^espa niandarina, captured by Mr. Wm. Johnson in the district about 
sixty yeai's ago. Among the photogra|ihs of insects shown by the lantern, one of 
Selops striatus showing a bifurcated antenna, exhibited by Mr. Harrison, was 
especially interesting. — E. J. B. Sopp and J. R. le Tomlin, Kon. Secretaries. 

Monday, April Vlth, 1905. — Mi-. Richard Wilding, Vice-President, in the 

The Fourth Ordinary Meeting of the Session was held in the Royal Institution, 

Drs. Wm. Bell, J.P., of Rutland House, New Brighton, and P. F. Tinne, of 
Mostyn, Aigburth, were elected Members of the Society. 

A paper was read by Dr. Geo. E. J. Crallan, M.A., F.S.A., on "The Life 
History of Ophiodex (PseiidopJiia) hinaris," illustrated with coloured figures by 
the author, including the egg in three stages (actual size and magnified 32 
diameters), larva in six stages, imago, upper and under-side of both sexes, &c., &c. 
Dr. Crallan referred to the fact that this is the only species of the genus that has 
been taken in Britain, the first specimen having been taken in Hampshire in 1832, 
and several having occurred since. In Spain it is said to be common in the cork 
woods, and in Austria occurs amongst oaks. In confinement the moth appears 
from April to June from eggs laid on oak or poplar. When laid the egg is of a 
beautiful green, but after a week the colour changes to red or plum colour, and still 
later to drab. The changes in colour and appearance of the larva at the different 
ecdyses were described, and much interesting information given on habits through- 
out the life of the insect in all its stages. Among exhibits were a box of insects 
from Trinidad, by Miss Birch, on behalf of her brother ; eggs of Tsenioeampa opima 
on hawkweed by Mr. H. B. Prince, and on yarrow by Mr. Mallinson, who also showed 
larv£e of Leucania littoralis ; Plusia moneta (bred) and Lyaena avion from South 
Devon, by Mr. Pierce, and a hibernating queen wasp by Mr. Score.— E. J. B. Sopp 
and W. D. Harbison, Son. Secretaries. 

The South London Entomological and Natural History Society : 
Thursday, May llth, 1905.— Mr. Hugh Main, B.Sc, F.E.S., President, in the 

Mr. Bevins, of Ongar, Essex, was elected a Member. 

Mr. Sich exhibited the flowering spike of an Asphodel grown in his garden at 
Chiswick. It originally came from the west of France, but Dr. Chapman said it 
was not the same species which formed the pabulum of Hastula hyerana in the 
Esterels. Dr. Chapman, a short series of a moth, Metoptria monogramma. Hub., allied 

1905.] i67 

to Euclidia glyphica. They were taken in Sicily at the end of April. Mr. Main, 
enormous larvse in spirits from the West Coast of Africa, probably of some large 
species of Ijongicorn. Mr. Gilbert J. Arrow, various species of Coleoptera to 
illustrate an address which he afterwai'ds gave, entitled, " Some Social Beetles." 
A discussion took place as to the use of sound apparatus in larvae, the suggestion 
being that they were more or less directly protective. 

Thursday, May 25th, 1905. — The President in the Chair. 

Messrs. Harrison and Main, a large number of species of Lepidoptera captured 
or bred this season, comparing those from South of England localities with those 
from the neighbourhood of Liverpool. Mr. Carr, series of spring Lepidoptera from 
the New Forest. Mr. Joy, a short bred series of Thecla rubi, from Folkestone, the 
larvae of which fed on dogwood which had led him to think they were Cyaniris 
argiolus. Mr. Hy. J. Turner, a short series of CucuUia lychnitis bred from larvae 
taken at Box Hill in June, 1904. The larvae were fed up in the hottest sun in a 
conservatory and grew extremely fast. When found they wei'e studded with ova 
of ichneumons, but after considerable trouble they were successfully removed. He 
also showed larvae of Leioptilus septodactylus (lienigianus) a local plume moth, 
feeding on Artemisia vulgaris. They were found at Croydon feeding in the open. 
Dr. Chapman, a series of Depressaria thapsiella bred by him from larvae obtained 
in Sicily, where it fed in countless numbers on Thapsia gargania. Mr. Sich, larvae 
and pupae of JVheeleria spilodactyla from the Isle of Wight, feeding on Marrubium 
vulgare. Mr. Wright, a larva of a large Coleopteron, feeding in the wood of a 
sugar box from the "West Indies. — Hy. J. Turner, Hon. Secretary. 




{Continued from page 112). 


1 (12) Frons glossed with blue ; coxae (at least posterior) with black bristles. 

2 (3) Cox£B all yellow ; abdomen with yellow coloration ; coxal bristles about 

3 . 2 : 1 1. fasciatum Meig. 

3 (2) Posterior coxae blackish-grey ; abdomen without yellow coloration. 

4 (9) Hind femora with a preapical bristle. 

5 (6) Outer lamellee ending in a single long hair ; coxal bristles : 1 or 2 : 1... 

2. monotriehum Lw. 

6 (5) Outer lamellae without any single long terminal hair j coxal bristles 3 or 

4 : 1 or 2 : 1. 


168 [J«iy> 

7 (8) Outer lainelliJD elongate lancet-shaped, with long (in some lights) pale 

pubescence; antennae long 3. auctum'Liw. 

8 (7) Outer lamellao broad lancet-shaped, with short black pubescence ; antennae 

comparatively short i. lanceolatum Lw. 

9 (4) Hind femora without a prcapical bristle. 

10 (11) Inner lamellae ending in a long, simple, curved, pale hair... 

5. caliginosum Meig. 

11 (10) Inner laracllse ending in a long, compressed, slightly curved thread, which 

breaks into a ciliation at its tip 6. appendiculatum Zett. 

12 (1) Frons glossed with white ; coxae without any black bristles ; hind femora 

with a preapical spine. 

13 (14) Front tibiae with a spine and a tiny ciliation beneath, the spine being just 

below the middle and rather turned back ; outer lamellae short... 

7. brevicorne Curt. 

14 (13) Front tibiae almost bare beneath, and, at any rate, with no distinct spine ; 

outer lamellae long, hairy, and dilated at base 8. fissum Lw. 

Several more species should occur in Britain. A small species 
occurs in Norfolk amber. 

1. X. fasciatum Meig. : very distinct in the male, because of its 

yellow abdominal markings. Not uncommon at Tongue (on 
the North Sea) in June, 1886, and Col. Terbury took it at 
The Mound in Sutherland in June, 1901. 

2. X. ononotrichum Lw. : occurring from the New Forest to Tongue, 

but apparently more common in the North than in the 

3. X. auctum Lw. : I first recorded this as British from a male taken 

near Lyndhurst on June 23rd, 1873, and I think a male 
taken by Col. Yerbury at Ledbury in Herefordshire on 
July 12th, 1902, is the same species. The specimens are 
quite distinct from the other seven British species, but their 
positive identification with Loew's species must await 
further proof, because I can find no reference to the male 
since Loew described the species in 1857 from Germany, 
and in his description he says nothing about the coxal or 
preapical bristles and only imperfectly describes the 
lamellae ; my chief doubt is caused by the arista in the 
British specimens being less than one-third the length of 
the third antennal joint. 

1905.1 169 

4>. X. lanccolatum Lw. : this species is now recoi'cled as British for 
the first time, and I have very little doubt about its identifi- 
cation, even though only one record has been made since its 
description by Loevv in 1850 from Germany. The nrista is 
half as long as the comparatively moderately long third 
autennal joint ; the outer lamellae are much shorter than in 
X. auctmn as well as being much broader at the base. 
Col. Terbury took four males and one female at The Mound 
in Sutherland between June 17th and 24th, 1904. 

5. X. Galiglnosum Meig. : apparently common as a Southern species 

as my numerous localities lie in Hampshire, Sussex, Kent, 
and Surrey, though I have taken it in Essex and Cambridge- 
shire even up to Wisbech which is in extreme North Cambs. 

6. X. appendiculatum Zett. : very common from Penzance to Arran 

and Logie near Forres. 

7. X. hrevicorne Curt. : apparently rare but widely distributed as 

my localities are Penzance, Bournemouth, Arran, and 
Muchalls near Aberdeen. 

8. X. Jissum Lw. : apparently a Northern species as my localities 

after Dovedale and Millersdale are all in the Scotch High- 
lands and extend even up to Tongue. 


1 (4) Cubital and discal veins strongly approximating before the tip. 

2 (3) Tip of the wing with a conspicuous black spot 1. Scholtzii Jjw. 

3 (2) Tip of the wing uncoloured 2. adpropinquans Lw. 

4 (1) Cubital and discal veins almost parallel 3. bipartitus liw. 

There are five known European species of this genus, all of which 
were described by Loew from Germany, and all of which may well 
occur in Britain. I introduced one in the list of species at the 
commencement of this paper, and I now introduce two more, while 
I think I have seen one or both of the others, but the material is 
at present unsatisfactoiy. It is evident that the species live on the 
ulcerative sap from trees, and Mr. E. Jenkinson and Dr. D. Sharp 
caught two of the species I introduce at the sap of an elm (Vlmus) at 
Cambridge, from which they bred *S^. adpropinquans, while S. SchoUzii 
was bred this year from a beech {Fagus) fungus. 

1. ^S. SchoUzii Lw. : Dr. D. Sharp has just sent me a beautiful male 

170 [July. 

of this very distinct species, which was bred by hiiu on 
May Sth, 1905, from a beech {Farjus) fungus found in the 
New Forest. It is, I believe, the third known specimen, the 
first having been bred by Scholtz in June, 1S49, from the 
exuding sap of a birch tree in Silesia, while the second 
specimen was recorded by Loew in 1859 as occurring in 
Von Heyden's collection from the neighbourhood of Frank- 
fort on the Main. The female is still unknown, and may be 
very distinct from the male, as the black spot at the wing tip 
is almost certainly sexual, but it ought to have very pale 
antennae and coxae. Schiner's description contains two 
gross errors. 

2. S. adpropinquans Lw. : Mr F. Jenkinson first took this species 

at elm sap in his own garden at Cambridge on July 22nd, 
1901, and then two more females in 1902, from one of whicb 
I recognised the species, though it was not easy to do so 
from only a female of a genus new to Britain ; in 1903 he 
caught another female, besides breeding four males and one 
female from an elm tree at Aldenham, Herts, and in 1904 
he bred a considerable number of females from the same 
sap. Laboulbene had previously bred it from elm sap near 
Sevres, and had given full details in A.nnales de la Societe 
Entomologique de France for 1873. The species varies very 
much in size, and in the reddish-orange colour about the 
base of the antennae, which is sometimes almost absent ; but 
it and S. Sclioltzii are the only ones of the five species which 
have the cubital and discal veins strongly approximating. 

3. S. hipartitus Lw. : I have come to the conclusion that four females 

taken by Mr. F. Jenkinson at sap (one on Elm) at Cam- 
bridge from July 10th to August 4th, 1904, must belong to 
this species. It is again a difficult matter to recognise it 
from the female only, but it is easily distinguished from 
8. adpropinquans and 8. Scholtzii by the much more 
parallel cubital and discal veins and by its entirely black 
antennae, and by the latter character from 8. tener ; one of 
Mr. Jenkinson's specimens (July 10th) has a black I'ing 
before the tip of the hind femora, which makes me think it 
is more likely to be 8. hipartitus than 8. leucurus. The 
female of 8. hipartitus has not been previously recognised 
and therefore the positive identification of this species must 
await the capture of a male. 

1905.] 171 


1 (4) Tip of middle tarsi dilated. 

2 (3) Coxae all yellow ; arista subdorsal ; basal joint of hind tarsi with two 

bristles beneath ; tips of middle tarsi and hind tibiiB conspicuously 
dilated 1. tarsatus Fall. 

3 (2) CoxfE grey ; basal joint of hind tarsi with one curved thorn beneath ; tip 

of middle tarsi inconspicuously and of hind tibiae not at all dilated... 

2. monilis Walk. 

4 (1) Tip of middle tarsi not dilated. 

5 (6) Anterior femora with three bristles beneath near base ; squamse with dark 

fringes ; basal joint of hind tarsi unarmed beneath... 

3. pumilus Meig. 

6 (5) Anterior femora witliout any bristles beneath ; squamae pale haired. 

7 (8) Hind tibise not ciliated, nor dilated towards tip ; middle femora with two 

rows of about twelve minute bristles beneath ; basal joint of hind 
tarsi with two small curved spines beneath near base... 

4. denticulatus Zett. 

8 (7) Hind tibiae conspicuously ciliated or dilated towards tip ; (if eiliation in- 

distinct) middle femora without rows of minute bristles beneath. 

9 (10) Femora almost all black ; basal joint of front tarsi with a short blunt 

prolongation at tip ; basal joint of hind tarsi armed with a bristly 
process beneath close to base 5. Zelleri Lw. 

10 (9) Femora all yellow, unless about tip of hind pair ; basal joint of front 

tarsi simple. 

11 (12) Basal joint of hind tarsi with one curved bifid thorn beneath near base ; 

hind tibiae scarcely dilated ; abdomen often yellow about base... 

6. paUipes Fabr. 

12 (11) Basal joint of hind tarsi witli two long bristly hairs beneath ; hind tibiiB 

blackened, dilated, flattened, and channelled 7. sulcipes Meig. 

1. 8. tarsatus Fall. : a very distinet pretty species. Common in the 

Highlands of Scotland and also in the Lake District. 

2. 8. monilis Walk. : either uncommon or overlooked. I have taken 

it in Hampshire, Sussex, Norfolk, and Cumberland. 

3. 8. pumilus Meig. : occurring, though not commonly, from the 

New Forest to Sutherland. 

4. 8. denticulatus Zett. : more commonly known under the varietal 

name of 8. biseriatus Lw. I have taken the yellow legged 
form (= biseriatus) in Devonshire, Hampshire, Sussex, and 
Suffolk, while Col. Terbury has taken it at Porthcawl in 
Glamorgan. Col. Terbury took some specimens with dark 
brown legs (= denticulatus) in Ireland in company with 
Clinocera bistif/ma Curt. Mr. F. Jeukinsou took a male at 

172 [J"iy' li^os- 

Cambridge on October 16tb, 1902, and a female on October 
29th, 1901, which are unsatisfactory ; they have the legs 
very much blackened, and the male has the spines beneath 
the middle femora fewer and shorter ; perhaps the remark- 
able time of the year may indicate a seasonal variety. 

5. S. Zelleri Lw. : I caught a male at Inveran on July 12th, 1886 ; 

Dr. Sharp captured one in the New Forest in June, 1902 ; 
Col. Terbury caught one at Golspie on June 22nd, 1904, and 
another at Nethy Bridge on July 27th, 1904 Those are the 
only males I have seen, but Loew named as this species one 
of two females taken at Landport near Lewes on October 
16th, 1867. 

6. >S'. palUpes Fabr. : very common all over Britain, but very variable 

in the colour of the hind legs and in the presence or absence 
of pale coloration about the base of the abdomen. 

7. S. sulcipes M.e\^. : a very conspicuousl}'^ distinct species. Common 

in the Lake District, Arran, Eannoch, and Braemar, while 
Col. Terbury caught a male at Barmouth. 


1 (2) Tliorax cinereous 1. cinereus Walk. 

2 (1) Thorax ferruginous 2. JlavicoRis Meig. 

1. A. cinereus Walk. : according to Eaddatz this occurs in winter 

amongst the dry stems of reeds, and I find that the only 
satisfactory specimens which I possess were two females 
caught at Chippenham Fen on March 27th and April 3rd, 
1893, and one female at the " Eecd Pond " near Lewes on 
May 12th, 1875. The species probably only requires to be 
sought for in February in places where Arundo phragmites 
exists in the form of dead stalks and leaves. I caught a 
male which may belong to this species at Thetford on 
June 17th, 18S0, but I do not give its identification vfith 
any confidence. 

2. A. flavicollis Meig. : Walker says " Eare. (E.I.)," and my 

supposed specimens are most unsatisfactory. I may have 
caught it at Fawley in Hampshire and at Three Bridges in 
Sussex, and possibly at Ullswater, but more and better 
specimens are wanted for certain identification. 

{To be continued) . 

August, 1905. 1 ]^73 


For .some little time I have felt the necessity for a definite system 
of names for the bristles on the legs of flies, and this need became 
more prorounced when a few months ago I commenced to prepare 
descriptions of the British species of Hydrotcea, a task which, I am 
happy to say, is now nearly completed. Upon comparing the de- 
scriptions of various authors it will be found that there does not 
exist at j)resent aiiy uniform nomenclature for the bristles and hairs 
which are attached lo the various surfaces, and in some cases the 
terms used are somewhat ambiguous, and, certainly to my mind, un- 
satisfactory. In certain Families of iJipicra, such as for example the 
Anthomijiidce, these bristles are remarkably constant in arrangement, 
and in many cases, esj)ecially where the female sex is concerned, offer 
the safest, and sometimes almost the only, characters by which a 
species may be recogin'sed. It therefore seems to me highly desirable 
that some uniform system should be adopted whereby the chsetotaxy 
and pubescence of the legs may be described, so that the rows of 
bristles or even individual hairs may be at once recognised and 

In order to emphasize the want of uniformity above alluded to, I 
quote a few examples, and in doing so must explain, that I do not 
bring them forward in any spirit of carping criticism, but merely for 
the purpose I have stated, and to serve as my apology for introducing 
the system of names which follows. (1). Stein, in his valuable 
paper on the European species of Hydrotcea (Verb, zool.-bot. Ges. 
Wien, 1903, pp. 285-337) says, in his Latin diagnosis of H. similis, 
"tibiis posticis intus in latere a corpore averso 5-6 setia instructis," 
and further, in his German description, says '' Die Hinterschienen 
sind aussen abgewandt mit kurzen Bor.stchen bewimpert . . innen 
abgewandt sind sie fast der ganzen Lange nach mit kriiftigen Borsten 
versehen." (2). Meade, in describing the same species (Ent. Mo. 
Mag., vol. xxiii, p. 251) says " the hind tibiae . . . differ from 
those of II. dentipes by having a group of strong bristles in the 
middle of their anterior or under surfaces." (3). The same author, 
in his paper on the British species of Sarcophaga (Ent. Mo. Mag., 
vol. xii, 1875-0) speaks of the beard on the inner side of the hind 
tibiae of the male. (4). Hough, in his description of a new species 
of Faracompsomyia (Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 1898, p. 186) 
describes the bristles of the tibiae as follows : — " anterior tibia has on 

174 [Aiigvist, 

the mesal surface in the extensor row three prominent bristles . . . 
and on the lateral surface in the flexor row one . . ; middle tibia 
has on the anterior surface one ... on the posterior surface 
three . . , and on the flexor surface one . . . ; hind tibia 
has on the lateral surface in the flexor row two . . . and on the 
mesal surface in the extensor row one." (5). Schnabl, who has 
paid considerable attention to the chaetotaxy in Aricia (Cont. a la 
Faune Dipterologique, St. Petersbourg, 1887) devotes more than five 
pages to the description of the legs and their bristles, and in his 
account of A. perdita (p. 400) thus describes the posterior tibiae : — 
" Soies externo-anterieiires 3, dont 1 au dessus, la 2^ au milieu ; soies 
externo-'posterieures 2 grandes, dont 1 au dessus du milieu, I'autre au 
dessous de cette derniere ; une rangee de soies interno-medianes sur 
le \ median du tibia composee de soies i)eu longues et rarement dis- 
posees ; au hord posteripur un eperon court, un peu plus long que les 
s. externo-posterieures, dans le I inferieurs du tibia." Lastly (G) 
Yeurall, in describing Boliclwpus Inticola (Ent. Mo. Mag., 1904, p. 
198) says : — " Middle tibiae with three bristles above towards behind 
and three others alternating lower down above towards front, also 
one bristle beneath below the middle." 

In the first place I would suggest the use of the four simple 
terms anterior, posterior, dorsal, and ventral, whose meaning is sufii- 
ciently obvious, and which moreover are capable of easy combination 
with each other. Being of Latin origin they can be used in a diafjnosis 
given in that language with facility, and the only point which can 
offer any difiiculty is that of exactly defining their application. Now, 
if the leg of a fly be stretched out to the utmost, so that the tarsus 
and tibia are as nearly as possible in a line with the femur and the 
whole leg horizontal, then all the surfaces which face upwards I call 
dorsal, those facing downwards ventral, those facing towards the head 
anterior, and those facing in the opposite direction posterior. A 
surface between any of the foregoing may be denoted by a combination 
of the two concerned, and thus we get the terms antero-dorsal,postero- 
ventral, and so on. Thus a series of eight surfaces of attachment 
may be easily differentiated, and these are, I believe, quite sufficient 
for all practical purposes. Taking them in order, and working round 
in the same direction as the hands of a watch we get the following 
succession, commencing at. the top: — dorsal, antero-dorsal, anterior, 
antero-ventral, ventral, postero-ventral, posterior, and postero-dorsal. 
If the leg of a specimen happens to be bent, then the ventral surfaces 
of the femur and tibia are those which would come into opposition 

1905.] 175 

if the leg were entirely closed. Whatever the antjle made hy the 
tibia with the femur, i. e., in whatever position the leg be set, the 
dorsal surface can always be readily ascertained by turning the fly 
round until these two portions of the leg appear to be in an exact 
line with each other, in which ease the outside of the angle will be 
dorsal. This surface once ascertained, the remainder can be found 
without further difficulty. 

When there is a row of bristles or hairs extending from the base 
to the apex, i. e., along the whole length, of any segment (= joint) 
the term complete may be used. Individual bristles or groups of 
bristles can be localized according to their distance from the apex or 
base of the segment in question. Thus we may have a " subapical 
dorsal " bristle, a " ventral bristle at one-third from base," a " median 
antero-dorsal " bristle, a " post-median postero-ventral tuft of hairs," 
and so on. By median is meant half-way between base and apex, 
pout-median a little nearer the apex than the base, ante-mediaji a little 
nearer the base than the apex. 

To illustrate the method here advocated for dealing with this 
branch of descriptive work in Dipfera, I conclude with a description 
of the cha^totaxy of the legs in the common blue-bottle, Galliphora 
erythrocephala, Mg. Of course, certain of these bristles are of generic 
rather than specific value, and therefore in a Monograph should be 
dealt with in the generic diagnosis and not mentioned in the specific 
descriptions. The full details are given here so as to employ as many 
terms as possible in illustration of my scheme. 

Calltphora erytheocephala, Mg. 

Front Legs. — Femora with complete rows of long dorsal, postero-dorsal and 
postero-ventral bristles, several rows of long and fine posterior hairs, a row of some- 
what shorter fine ventral hairs in basal half, and anterior surface covered with short 
fine pubescence. Tibia: with the following subapical bristles : 1 dorsal, 1 postero- 
dorsal, 1 (rarely 2) posterior and 1 postero-ventral ; a complete row of very short, 
semi-erect, equidistant dorsal bristles, and a single long and conspicuous postero- 
ventral bristle at one-third from apex ; posterior and postero-ventral surfaces fringed 
throughout with short, regular and rather strong pubescence. 

Middle Legs. — Femora with a group of about three subapical postero-dorsal 
bristles, a single strong anterior median bristle with some shorter and less conspi- 
cuous ones in basal half, a row of five or six long and stout antero-ventral bristles 
in basal half, a row of still longer postero-ventral bristles in basal two-thirds, with 
which are mingled some long fine hairs, ventral surface and apical portions of antero- 
ventral and postero-ventral surfaces with moderately long, fine hairs. Tibise with a 
whorl of 6-8 subapical bristles, of which those on the antero-dorsal and ventral 

Q 3 

176 [August 

surfaRes are the longest and stoutest ; 2 stout antevo-clorsal bristles in median third, 
2 rather smaller postero-dorsal bristles opposite the latter, 1 posterior bristle at one- 
third from apex, and 1 strong and conspicuous ventral bristle at one-thii-d from apex. 
Hind Legs. — Femora with a single subapical dorsal bristle, a complete row of 
antero-dorsal bristles, several rows of fine anterior hairs, a complete row of strong 
antero-ventral bristles, becoming mingled with long, fine hairs towards the base, a 
similar row of ventral bristles which, however, only extend along the basal half, and 
a few fine postero-ventral hairs near the base. Tibix with a whorl of about 6 sub- 
apical bristles, of which the strongest are those on the dorsal and antero-dorsal 
surfaces ; a complete irregular row of antero-dorsal bristles, among which two 
(sometimes three) in the median third usually stand out stronger and more con- 
spicuous ; two postero-dorsal bristles at one-third and two-thirds from the base 
respectively, sometimes a third (median) also present ; ventral surface bare. 

Edinburgh : April, 1005. 



During the past few weeks, in my endeavours to settle the 
synonymy of the new species of this genus introduced into our 
fauna by Mr. Bagnall, T have been consulting most of the literature 
on the genus Triplacc, and it occurred to me that there were interest- 
ing points to which the attention of our present-day Coleopterists 
might be drawn. Marsham in his Ent. Brit. (LS02), p. 121, described 
four species as occurring in this country, rtissica, bicolor, Jlava, and 
castanea ; the last three were then described for the first time, but 
the first of these three we now know to have been csnea, Schal, the 
last of them was only an immature variety of russica, and about the 
second I can say nothing, as I have failed to identify it. Stephens 
in his "Manual of British Coleoptera " (1839), p. 138, in addition to 
russica, cenea, and birolor, introduced rufipes, F., and ruficollis, Steph. 
Mr. G. R. Waterhouse iu his Catalogue (L861) corrected the mistake 
of Stephens in regard to hicolor, and thus introduced for the first 
time ruficollis, Lac. = lacordairei, Crotch ; he, however, retained the 
last two species of Stephens' list, though correcting their synonymy, 
and identified ruficollis of Stephens as nigriceps of Lacordaire. 
Mr. Crotch again drew attention to these two doubtful species of 
Stephens in his notes on the genus (The Entomologist, vol. v, p. 7), 
but from that date onwards ruficollis, Steph. (now identified as 

1905.] 177 

melanoceplinla, Lat.), and rnfipes, F., have disappeared from our list. 
1 am informed, however, by Mr. C. O. Waterhouse, who very kindly 
carefully examined the species of Triplax in the Stephens collection 
at the British Museum, that there are two undoubted specimens of 
rufipes F., one with the label Windsor ; it is quite a distinct insect, 
as Mr. Waterhouse says, more approaching Gijrlotri'plax in form ; of 
ruJicoUis there is one undoubted specimen, without locality, but said 
to have been taken near Windsor. 

In view of the fact that the species of this genus are excessively 
local, though when found they often occur in great numbers, and that 
Mr. Bagnall has just discovered a species, new to our list, in great 
abundance in a locality worked for many years by that well-known 
collector, Mr. Bold, I have every hope that we may yet see the other 
two doubtful species of Stephens restored to our list. It seems 
desirable, therefore, to give a simple table for separating the European 
species likely to occur in Great Britain. 

In his " Monograph on the Erotylidse " (1842), Lacordaire 
described eleven European species, and Bedel in his " Monograph " 
[I'Abeille, vol. v (1868-69), p. 1], also described eleven species, but 
he sank two of Lacordaire's species into varieties, namely, scutellaris, 
Charp., as a var. of bicolor, Gyll, and clavata, Lac, as a var. of 
rufipes, Fabr. ; in addition he added two new species to Lacordaire's 
list, and made a few changes in synonymy. 

In the European Catalogue, H.R.W., 189], the genus contains 
fourteen species ; one of Bedel's species, cyanescens, Bedel, is sunk as 
a synonym of marseuli, Bedel, and there are in addition four new 
species not mentioned by Bedel. I propose to confine my table to 
those species of the European list which might be expected, from 
their distribution on the Continent, to occur in Great Britain. 

I. Subgenus Tkiplax. 

Base of thorax strongly bordered, or furnished with a strongly naarked furrow 
before the scutellum, body more or less parallel-sided. 

A. Head black. 

(I) melanocephala, Lat., ■= ruficollis, Steph. 

Easily distinguished by the fact that the antennoe are pitchy-red, 
with the intermediate joints very close, moniliform, sub-equal, 
and that the scutellum is black. 

(Occurs in Western Germany, France, Italy, and Spain, 
and was said by Stephens to have been taken near 

178 [August, 

B. Read red. 

(a) Under-side of the body entirely yellowisli-red. 

(2) mnea, Schal. 

Easily distinguished by the bluish-green colour of the elytra, and 
the red scutellum. 

(V^ery local, and usually rare, in Great Britain ; occurs 
in Nortiiern and Central Europe). 

(b) The breast beneath black, the abdomen yellowish-red. 

(3) rusxica, L. 

The scutellum of this species is black, and the antennae blackish 
or brownish, with a black club. 

(It is generally distributed throughout Great Britain, 
but usually very local and not com'tion). 

(c) The breast beneath and the abdomen black, but the apex of the latter 

sometimes reddish. 

(4) lacordairei, Crotch. 

This species resembles russica, but is only about lialf the size, 
and it is more parallel in shape. It is easily distinguished 
by its black abdomen. 

(Very rare : in this country only so far found in the 
London district). 

II. Subgenus Fla.tichna, Thorns. 

Base of the thorax throughout very finely bordered, and never provided with a 
transverse furrow, shape more or less ovate. 

A. Head red. 

(a) The whole of the under-side of the body yellowish-red. 

(5) bicolor, Gyll. 

The scutellum and the basal joints of the antennse are red. 

(This is the species recently taken in numbers by Mr. 
Bagnall at Gibside, Durham. On the continent it 
occurs in the northern and central districts). 

(b) The breast beneath and the abdomen black, the latter reddish at the apex. 

(6) rufipes, Fabr. 

The short ovate form of this species will at once distinguish it ; 
the scutellum is black. 

(It occurs all over North and Central Europe, and 
Stephens apparently took it at Windsor. Thomson 
records it as occurring all over Scandinavia). 

The other European species are marseuli, Bedel ; emgei, Eeitt. ; 
elongata, Lae. ; lepida, Fald. ; terqestana, Reitt. ; carpathica, Reitt. ; 
pygmoBtt, Kr. ; coUaris, Schal. Most of them occur in the eastern or 
eastern central parts of Europe, or in South Europe, and can hardly 
be expected, therefore, to occur in (xreat Britain. 

10, Regent Terrace, Edinburgh : 
July, 1905. 

1905,] ]_79 



Convex, ovate, black, slightly sinning. Head small, convex, moderatelj coarsely, 
but not very closely punctured, rostrum curved, quadrisulcate, sulci punctured. 
Antennae ferruginous. 

Thorax convex, subconical, sides rounded, coarsely punctured in distinct longi- 
tudinal rows, punctures not confluent. 

Elytra subglobose, with rows of large oblong punctures. Each elytron furnished 
with three patches of whitish scales, two at the base (one at the shoulder, and one 
near the suture) and one towards the apex. 

Legs black, tarsi ferruginous. Length, without rostrum, 4 mm. 

Found at roots of herbage in the ishmd of Perim by Mr. J. J. 
Walker and myself. 

This species is smaller and narrower than 0. salicomice, 01., and 
0. setipes, Ancey. From the former it also differs in the much more 
coarsely punctured thorax and elytra, and in the spots not being 
united to form a fasciae. 

From O. setipes it differs also in the punctuation of the thorax 
not being confluent, the strongly punctured elytra, and the spots not 
uniting to form a fasciae. 

R. N. Hospital, Chatham : 
April, 1905. 


During a recent visit to this well-known locality I was extremely 
surprised at meeting with several specimens of this peculiar Coleop- 
terous insect. There has been in previous years much discussion as 
to whether LymexyJon is really a native of Britain or an importation. 
The only well-authenticated record in modern times is its capture at 
Dunham Park, Cheshire, where it was found in considerable numbers, 
by Mr. Chappell and others. In the New Forest it is at present 
quite at home. I, together with Dr. Sharp, Mr. C. G. Lamb, and 
Mr. F. M. Howlett, found the beetle at several trees, the first and 
last of which were fully a mile apart, and Dr. Sharp captured one 

180 [August, 

specimen on a heap of l()<;s. It was subsequently taken by Miss 
M. A. Sharp, and 1 understand that Mr. Donisthorpe met with the 
insect a few days earlier than we did, though in what part of the 
Eorest 1 have no idea. The trees at which we found it had apparently 
not been touched by an entomologist this season. Lymexylon is 
attached to oak, and there seems no reason why it should not be an 
old native in the Forest, though if this be the case it is somewhat 
remarkable that the insect has not been met with before. According 
to Canon Fowler, the species is common in oak forests in the north 
of Europe, and it is said to have done considerable damage in the 
dockyards of Sweden. 

Horsell : July Vlth, 1905. 


Having now resided in Oxford for rather more than a year, 1 
find that my first impressions, as to its being an excellent and very 
interesting collecting centre for all Orders of insects, are fully 
confirmed. The following list of Coleoptera, almost without excep- 
tion taken by myself within a radius of six miles from the centre of 
the city, will show that this Order, at any rate, is well represented in 
the district. To my friend Mr. W. Holland I owe my first intro- 
duction to nearly all the places hereafter mentioned, and in many 
cases to the actual and often very limited localities of uncommon and 
interesting beetles which his persevering industry and acumen have 
brought to light. 

Commencing with the localities in Berkshire, the most productive 
of these is at Tubney, about six miles south-west of Oxford, but more 
easily reached from Abingdon by a pleasant walk of half that length. 
Here a sandy soil, extensive woodlands and heathy commons, and a 
luxuriant and varied vegetation, combine to make a very attractive 
piece of collecting-ground ; and a nice bit of marshy thicket at 
Cothill (the " Euskin Plot," now the property of the Ashmolean 
Natural History Society of Oxford) may be taken on the way thither 
from Abingdon. A remarkable feature of this inland locality is the 

1905.J 181 

number of insects, usually assDciatcd in our minds with seaside 
conditions, to be met with here. Thus, At/rotis oestigiaJis {onlli(/era) 
has occurred not rarely, as well as at Bt)ars' Hill on somewhat 
similar ground not far distant ; and among the Golr.optera, Harpalus 
anxius (recorded by Mr. Holland, Ent. Mo. Mag., vol xxxviii, p. 18) 
Amai-a fulva, and A. tibialis, are among the commonest of their 
res])ective genera ; Bledius opticus is found burrowing in the sand in 
numbers in spring and autumn, and Heterocerus Jlexuosus in the 
banks of ponds; Notoxus monoceros (in all its varieties) and Micro- 
zoum tihiale swarm at times, and Ctf-niopiis sulphureus abounds on 
the flowers of the yellow bedstraw {Gdlium verncm) in July; Ortho- 
cerus tnuticus is sometimes not uncommon, and Cri/pticiis quisquilius 
has been found in plenty by Mr. Holland, but I have not yet met 
with it myself. 

Among the species taken here by me are : Cychrus rodratus, occasionally in a 
sand-pit ; Harpalus discoideus, at times Tery common under stones, and Amara 
consularis, abundant under rubbish in sandy fields. Aleochara cuniculorum, found 
in great numbers early in May by Mr. G. C Champion and myself in two large 
and very strong-smelling rabbit-burrows on the common ; Lamprinus saginaius, 
very sparingly by cutting tufts of grass infested with Myrmica ruginodis, in April ; 
G-yrophxna strictula, very abundnnt in a hard Boletus on a stump, and Encepha- 
lus cumplicans in tufts. Microgloxsa pulla, Engis humeralis (common), Cryptopha- 
gus populi, TriphyUus suturalis, Tiresias serra, Hypophlaus bicolor, and Tetratoma 
fungorum in plenty, in fungus and under bark on an old elm ; Pocadius ferrugineus, 
numerous in puff-balls, and Trox sabulosus, under dry rabbit-skins. Ceuthorrhyn- 
chus geographictts, on Echitim vulgare, and Ceuthorrhynchideus horridus, on 
Carduus nutans, both common ; Coeliudes exiguus, in plenty on Oeranium pyrenai- 
cum. Apion schonherri (another insect usually associated with sea-eoast con- 
ditions), somewhat local, but almost, if not quite, the most abundant yellow-legged 
Apion in the district, occurring plentifully even by the roadside throughout the 
summer, as well as in tufts of grass in early spring. A. sanguineum, occasionally by 
sweeping, but more frequently in a sand-pit, where Mr. Holland has taken it quite 
freely in the late autumn ; A. pallipes on Mercurialis, and A. pubescens and spencei 
by general sweeping. This latter method has produced, among many other species, 
Callicerus obscurus, Homalota scapularis, Anisotoma rugosa (a fine example on 
October 22nd last year), Catops sericatus, Saprinus virescens (by Mr. Champion in 
May last), Heptaulacus viltosus (one each by Mr. Holland and myself on July 9th 
last year ; I have also taken this species within the last few days at Wychwood 
Forest and at Streatley, Berks) ; Trachys pumila, rarely in the sand-pit, and more 
frequently by sweeping the shortest herbage on wrhich the net can be got to bear, in 
open places among the bracken in the wood ; all the specimens that I have taken in 
this way appear to come off Nepeta glechoma ; Limonius cylindricus (also 
common under stones), Cryptokypnus A-pustulatus, Malachius viridis (common), 

182 [August, 

Anlhoconius fasciuliis, I'lttjlaevia fi/Hiu/rica, Lorigilar-^ux agUia^ Bravliijiavsua variiis, 
Orlhochaetes setiger, ISibinla priinila, Miariis 2}l'">i")'«ii>, Orubilis cyaneux, Phylo- 
bius 'i-tuberculatus, and Hylesimts oleiperda. Mv. Holland has found here also 
Panagieus 4-pustulafus (several), Paecilux lepidu.s, Amara patricia, Onthophilus sul- 
catus (in the sand-pit in November last), &e. 

Wylbiiui Park and Woods beiiisj; within an easy walk of my 
residence, have been visited by me pretty regularly, and have 
produced a good many interesting insects, chiefly by sweeping under 
the fine beech trees on Wythain Hill, which consists of oolitic lime- 
stone, and bears a flora almost as rich and varied as that of the chalk 

The Coleoptera taken here include Hypocyptus aeminulum, Homalium septen- 
trionis (also in fungi, with Oyrophsena manca,faxciata, &e.), H. cxsum var. tricolor, 
and icplerum ; Megarthrus hemipterus, Agathidiuin nigripenne (under oak bark), 
Liodes orbicularis, Anisotoma cinnaniomea (also at Sunimertown), dubia, ovalis and 
ptinctulata, Cyrtusa pauxilla, Hydnobius punctaiissimus (black form), &xiA strlgosus 
not rare; Bythinu.t curiisi, Eiuonnus denticornis, Crypdophagua pubescens, Diphyllus 
lunntu.t, in plenty in black fungus (Sphxria) or ash ; Abraiis globosuf and Enicmus 
testaceus in rotten wood ; Trnchys pumila, by sweeping as at Tubney, and adhering 
to the viscid foliage of Hyoscyamux niger ; Longitarsiis exoletus, abundant on 
Cynoglossum as well as on Echiurn, L. gracilis in the utmost profusion on riigwort, 
and Epitrix atropx, almost equally common on Atropa belladonna ; Mantura 
matthewsi on Selianthemum vulgare, and Psylliodes hyoncyami. This species 
occurred sparingly in August last on a patch of seedling plants of henbane {Hyos- 
cyamus niger) and more freely this year on the sanie plants, now grown to a height 
of nearly a yard and flowering profusely. Collecting Psylliodes hyoscyami is about 
the most disagreeable work of its kind that I know, as besides that half at least of 
the specimens seen are lost, through their activity in leaping, the food-plant is most 
unpleasantly sticky, and its heavy narcotic odour is very provocative of headache 
under a strong sun.* Conopalpus testaceus, Mordella fasciata (not rare on small 
Umbelliferous flowers), Mordellistena lateralis, Apion Jilirostre, Trachyphlwus 
alternans, and many other species of less interest. 

Bagley Wood is another very tempting-looking locality, but at the present 
time is much too strictly preserved to be generally available for collecting. In my 
occasional visits there I have met with Anisotoma badia, Colon brunneum, Neura- 
phes angulatus, Trachys miiiuta, Throscus carinifrons, Apion cruentatum, &c., by 
general sweeping ; llaplocnemus nigricornis, Mordellistena abdominalis, and Brachy 
tarsus varius, by beating hawthorn blossom ; Chrysomela didymata, in abundance 
on Hypericum, and Sitones cambricus sparingly, in company with Apion ebeninum, 
on Lotus major in October ; Leptinus testaceus, Agathidium seminulum, varians, 
coiivexum, and nigrinum, Amphicyllis globus, Choleva spadicea, Atomaria umbrina, 
and Liosomus ovatulus var. collaris, in faggots ; Micrurula melanocephala, plenti- 

* I have unset specimens of Psylliodes hyoscyami at the service of any Coleopterist who may 
be ill want of the species. — J. J. W. 

1905.] 183 

fill oil blackthorn blossom ; and a small colony of Mehisis /ju^ire.sioides in tlecayed 
hornbeam in February last. Crepidodera nilidula has recently occurred here on 
aspen to Messrs. Collins and Holland. 

At Boars' Hill, not far distant, vpith a more sandy soil, JIarpalux discoideus is 
soinclimes fairly common, and I liave taken rterostichus oblonyopunctatus, rather 
plentifully among dead boughs, &c. (also at Bagley), Mister purpuruscen-s, Rhyn- 
chiles inferpunctatus, Apiori conjiuens and affine, &c. 

Turning now to the Oxfordshire localities, at Ogley Bog, a very marshy valley 
not far from the suburb of Cowley, Euhria palu.itris was taken sparingly in July, 
1904, and again within the last few days, by sweeping on hot calm evenings in the 
wettest places. Longliarsus holsaticus is common at times here (and at Cothill) 
on Pedicularis palustrix, and Anthobium minidiun, Haltica lythri (abundant). 
Limnoharis T-album, &c., have occurred by sweeping ; Lehia chlorocephala being 
not rare in tufts of grass in the winter. 

A marshy place near Yarnton has yielded, chiefly by cutting tufts and shaking 
moss in early spring, Aleochara breoipennis, Myrmedonia collar is, llomalota 
languida (small form) and itisecta, Conosoma pedicularium ; many species of Stenus, 
of which longitarsis, atratidus, hifoveolatus, and circularis, are the best ; Lathro- 
bium filiforme (common), quadratum, and longiilum, Bryaxis impressa (common), 
Phalacrus caricis, Thryogenes festuece, &c. Ochthebius bicolun and llydroporus 
granularis abound here in shallow water, and in May last I took, in company with 
abundance of H. variegatus, a Haliplus which I refer to the var. pa/lens, Fowler, 
of S. conjinis. 

At Elsfield, Ceuthorrhynchus resedcB is not rare in Jnne on the Reseda luteola 
growing in a small stone-pit, and I have taken here one C viduatus (and another on 
the banks of the Thames near Grodstow), C. melanarius, Longitarsus Jlavicornis, 
Apion vicinum, &c. 

The JDonacice find a congenial habitat on the banks of the Thames and 
Cherwell, the most abundant being D. semicuprea, which swarms on the tall river- 
side grass Olyceria aquatica, of which it nibbles the leaves in a very conspicuous and 
characteristic fashion. D. affinis is fairly common in early summer on the same 
grass, with, occasionally, D. thalassina and impressa. Later on D. dentata abounds 
locally on Sagittaria, and crassipes is often seen on the leaves of the water-lilies, 
being apparently most partial to those of Isuphar luteum. It is, however, so active 
and wary that it is difficult to secure a good series without the aid of a boat. Of 
the very rare Hxmonia appendiculata, there are two examples in the British 
Collection of Coleoptera in the University Museum, taken on water-weeds at 
Binsey, on the Thames ; but it has so far baflied Mr. Holland's efforts as well as 
my own to find it "at home." 

" Aorangi," Lonsdale Road, 

Summertown, Oxford : 
July IZth, 1905. 

181 [August, 

BY G. B. LONGSTAFF, M.D., F.ll.C.P. 



$ Exp., 43 mm. Head grejish-ochreous, frons paler. Tliorax reddish-grej. 
Abdomen pale oclireous, first segment and anal tuft ferruginous. Fore-wing grejish- 
ochreous irrorated with reddish-grej, from the post-medial line to the termen darker; 
base clouded with reddish-grey ; the cell brighter ochreous. The angulated ante- 
medial line and nearly straight post-medial line edged internally with pale ochreous. 
A pale triangular mark on the costa near the tip. Indications on the inner margin 
of dai'k central and subterminal lines. Hind -wings greyish-ochreous, reddish- 
ochrcous beyond the straight post-medial line, two dark central lines. 

Keadily distinguished by the straight post-raedial lines on both 
fore- and hind-wings. 

Type in Coll. Hope, Oxford. 

One specimen, ?, taken at light, Ai)ril 8th, 1904-, outside the 
Peak Hotel, Hong Kong, c. 1400 ft. above sea-level. (G. B. Long- 

Highlands, Putney Heath : 

January thth, 1005. 

Notes OH three species of Microglossa. — Micro(jlossa maryinalls, Gyll. : I took 
two specimens near here in April last from an old woodpecker's hole in the trunk 
of a beech tree recently blown down. The hole had evidently been used by 
starlings for some years, and 1 think, since it had been blown down, by a mouse, 
as it contained a quantity of fine grass. JJendrophitus punctatus, Herbst, a common 
starling's nest species, was accompanying the Microglossa. I feel quite confident 
that a specimen of this species also occurred in the old bat's nest out of which 
I took Neuraphes carinatns, Muls., Choleva colonoides,J^r., &c., last year (Ent. Mo. 
Mag., ser. 2, xv, 255), but unfortunately Mr. Tomlin, who took the specimen, has 
mislaid it. 

Microglossa pulla, Gyll. : 1 have found this species in every fresh titmouse's 
nest I have examined this year, and it has sometimes occurred in abundance, but 
1 have failed to find it in one or two old nests. I have also taken it in the fresh 
nests of the flycatcher and starling. 1 have never discovered it in the nest of the 
sand-martin, although 1 have searclied ior it carefully. 1 should suspect it inhabits 
the fresh nest of any species of bird that builds in a hole in a tree. 

Microglossa nidicola, Fairm. : very abundant in the fresh nests of sand-martins ; 
it seems to disappear as soon as the birds desert their nests in the autumn. 

These three species can be distinguished at once in life by the colour of the 

1905.] 185 

elytra, although this point is not nearly so distinct in cabinet spa imens. M. mar- 
ghiaiis has the elytra bright I'ed, M. nidicola, distinctly, but not bright red, M. pulla, 
dark brown. One of my specimens of M. marginalis has the margins of the 
thorax only quite narrowly red. Tlie difference in the punctuation of the three 
species is to my mind very distinct. — Norman H. Jot, Bradfield : Jult/ 3rd, 1905. 

[I have taken Microglosxa gentilin, Maerk., as well as M. pulla in debris of 
hollow elm trees occupied by owls, in the Isle of Sheppey. The former species is 
as a rule associated with Formica fuliginofia. — J. J. W.] 

Xanthandrun comtua, IJarri.t, occurring in May. — As Dr. Chapman suggests 
(ante, p. 150) the probability of Xanthandrus comtux, Harris, being double brooded 
in Britain it may be as well to record the fact that I took a specimen of this 
Syrphid in the garden here on May 30th, 1903. It is a male, and v^as in such 
perfect condition that it could only recently have emerged from the pupa. In my 
experience the fly is rare here, only two other specimens having fallen to my net, 
one ? on September I'nd, and one S on September 19th, 1902 — dates which are 
much more in accordance ■with those given by Verrall. — C. R. Billups, Tower 
House, East Grinstead : Julg 8tA, 1905. 

Exotic Dennaptera wanted. — I am preparing a revision and monograph of the 
Dermaptera {senm striclo, i.e., Forjicularia) of the world, and would very gratefully 
receive any material ; earwigs from Central and South Africa and from Australia 
and China are especially wanted. — Malcolm Btjee, 23, Blomfield Court, Maida 
Vale, W. : June 24:th, lyOo. 

Report of Woek of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugae 
Planters' Association, Division of Entomology. Bulletin I, Pt. I, Leaf 
Hoppers and theik Natural Enemies (Pt. i, Dryinidx). By R. C. L. Perkins. 
Honolulu : May 21th, 19o5. 

The above Association may be congratulated on the interesting Bulletin with 
which they have commenced this series of Entomological publications. The Life 
History of the Dryinidse and their habits in relation to the Leaf Hoppers, of which 
they are the Natural Enemies, is given by Mr. Perkins in a very interesting way. 
Their parasitism has been utilized as a means of ridding the sugar canes of the 
hopper. The Dryinids lay their eggs in the hoppers, and the larvae when hatched 
feed upon the bodies of their hosts. These parasite larvae in their earlier stages are 
enclosed in cases which project visibly from the body of the hopper. Those who 
collect Homoptera in this country must know well the black seed-like objects often 
to be seen projecting from the under-side of the thorax in many species, especially 
in the genus Athysanus ; these are the larva cases of Oonatopus, a, genus of the 
same family. The Association have found that by breeding Dryinids in large 
numbers and turning them out on the sugar canes the ravages of the hopper can be 

186 [August, 

largely checked, as a hopper which nourishes a Dryiniri, Mr. Perkins says, " is 
practically dead, for in no case is it probable that it would be capable of reproduc- 
tion, and usually it dies at the moment of the emergence of the larva." 

The latter part of the Report is occupied in a comparative study of the generic 
cliaracters of the Dryinidse and a synopsis of the genera and species considered in 
the Eeport, with descriptions of numerous new genera and species. This part is 
an important addition to our knowledge of these parasites.— E. S. 

The South London Entomological and Natural History Society : 
Thursday, June 8th, 1905.— Mr. Hugh Main B.Sc, President, in the Chair. 

Mr. Kaye exhibited a bred series of Zonosoma pendularia, showing considerable 
variation, with pupa cases in situ on the leaves, and referred to the variable position 
of the girth. Mr. West (Greenwich) examples of the uncommon Cocclnella 
distincta which he had taken at Darenth Wood, together with Mordellisfena 
abdominalis, a Coleopteron parasitic in bees' nests. Mr. Sich, the exceedingly small 
ovum of Lithocolletis querclfoUella. Mr. Main, the tracheal tubes of the silkworm, 
which had been dissected out by means of a solution of potash ; he also showed a 
case of insects from West Africa. 

Thursday, June 22nd, 1905.— Mr. Alfred Sich, F.E.S., Vice-President, in 
the Chair. 

Mr. Rayward exhibited a larva of Theda w-album spun up for pupation and 
also a pupa, and showed the remarkable mimetic resemblance to a crumpled 
shrivelled leaf. Mr. Turner, a long series of Colias eurytheme vars., including 
y. eriphyle,\.keeioaydin? sent to him by Mr. A. J. Croker, from Assiniboia, and 
read a short paper on the species and its allies ; he also showed C. philodice, 
C. falseno, C. eraie, C. hyale, C. edusa, C. electro, C. phicomone, and Meganostoma 
csesonia. Mr. Edwards, a number of species of CoUas. Mr. Stonell (1) a specimen 
of Euchelia jacohaix from Oxshott, with the apiciil hind marginal and costal streaks 
united, (2) a very pale Amorpha populi, (3) Anrjerona prunaria ? s with $ colora- 
tion, (4) Boarmia abietaria v. sericearia, (5) Acidalia humiliata from the Isle of 
Wight, (6) larvaj of Nyssia lapponaria from Rannoch, and (7) larvse of Apatura 
iris from North Hants. Dr. Chapman, larvae of Arctia villica from ova laid by a 
female captured in April at Taormina in Sicily, and also imagines of Ora'ellsia 
isabellw bred from larvae taken at Bronchales, together with ova laid by them. 
Mr. Adkin gave a short account of the Annual Congress ot the S. E. Union of 
Scientific Societies held at Reigate, June fith to 10th.— Hy. J. Turner, Ron. 

Entomological Society of London : Wednesday, June 1th, 1905.— Mr. F. 
Merrifield, President, in the Chair. 

Herr Ludwig von Ganglbauer, of the Vienna Museum, was elected an Hono- 
rary Fellow of the Society. 

1905.] 187 

Mr. Charles J. Grist, of " Apsley," Banstead, Surrey ; Mr. Vernon Parry 
Kitchen, of the Priory, Watford, Herts; and the Eev. W. Mansell Merry, M.A., of 
St. Michael's, Oxford, were elected Fellows of the Society. 

Mr. F. Burr exhibited an earwig, Aptert/gida aravh'idis, Yers., found by 
Mr. Annandale of Calcutta, in a bos of specimens received from the Andaman 
Islands. When placed in a small box, it was alone, but next morning there were 
five larvfe present; (wo disappeared, apparently being consumed by the parent ; 
and the remaining tlu'ee were those exhibited. Mr. Burr also showed a Locustid of 
the family Pseudopht/IIidce from Queensland, taken among twigs and plants which 
it greatly resembled, together with a photograph of the insect in its natural posi- 
tion. Mr. E. C. Bed well showed three examples of Onorimus nobilis, L., taken at 
Woolwich on May 20th last under the bark of an old dead cherry tree, and a mal- 
formed specimen of Lochmsea sufiiralis which had the left posterior tibia bifid for 
about one-third of its length, and two tarsi, one of which had the joints consider- 
ably enlarged. Mr. O. E. Janson, a living specimen of Omophlus betulx, Herbst, 
a beetle not known to occur in Britain, found by his son near Covent Garden, and 
probably imported. Mr. W. J. Lucas, one <? and three ? ? of Agrion armatum 
taken this year by Mr. F. Balfour Browne and sent to him alive. Mr. G-. C. 
Champion showed four specimens of the rare Acrognathiis mandibidarii, G-yll., 
captured on the wing towards sunset, near Woking, at the end of May. Mr. Selwyn 
Image, two aberrations of Biston hirtarlus, CI., both females, taken by himself at 
rest on tree-trunks at Mortehoe, North Devon, April 23rd, 1905. The first aberra- 
tion was tolerably normal in general colouration, but the anterior half of the fore- 
wings was much suffused with fuscous, and at the costa broadly emphasized with 
rich black. The transverse lines on the hind-wings, all unusually distinct, were also 
dark, and broad throughout. The second aberration was semi-transparent black all 
over both fore and hind-wings, the veins strongly delineated with black, powdered 
with ochreous. Mr. W. J. Kaye showed a number of empty pupa-cases of 7ono- 
soma pendularia to demonstrate the wide variation of methods in the placing of the 
silken girth round the pupa. Professor E. B. Poulton, leaves of strawberry, 
Berheris jajionica, and cherry-laurel which had been sent to him by Mr. W. B. 
Grove, of Handsworth, Birmingham. The leaves had been attacked by minute 
fungi which, in the strawberry and Berheris, had been identified by Prof. S. H. 
Vine, F.E.S., as Phyllostictafragaricola and Phyllostictajaponica, respectively. The 
clean round holes in the laurel leaves had been caused by a fungus identified by 
Mr. George Massee as Cercospora clrcumscissa, Sacc— the "shot-hole fungus." 
The attack was local and followed by the death and disappearance of the central 
portion of the leave-tissue of each patch, leaving a roundish or oval window outlined 
with brown, sometimes in the form of a narrow line, sometimes spreading periphe- 
rally into the leaf for a greater or less distance. In the strawberry the edges of the 
windows were somewhat ragged, but those of the other two leaves had smooth 
contours, and strikingly resembled the oval transparent areas upon the fore-wings of 
Kallima inachi.i, paralekfa, &c. — surrounded most conspicuously with a marginal 
zone of modified colour varying greatly in different individuals as regards both tint 
and breadth. Professor Poulton had believed that these " windows " of Kallima 
represented holes gnawed by larvae and that the altered marginal zone reproduced 
the effect of the attacks of fungi entering along the freshly exposed tissues of the 

188 [August, 

edge. But he now desired to withdraw his earlier hypothesis in favour of the more 
probable and convincing suggestion made by Mr. Grove. Professor Poulton also 
showed a photograph of the fungus-like marks on the wings of the Oriental Kalli- 
mas, prepared under his direction by Mr. Alfred Robinson of the Oxford University 
Museum. Dr. Karl Jordan communicated a note upon the Variability of the 
Genitalia in hepido-ptera. Dr. G. B. LongstaiJ detailed his observations on scents 
in the male of Qonepteryx, and mentioned that whereas in the male O cleopatra, 
the odour was strong, he had been unable to detect any appreciable fragrance in 
&. rkamni. Such a difference, he said, seemed to imply a physiological difference 
between the two forms pointing to specific distinction. Dr. F. A. Dixey, in con- 
nection with Dr. Longstaff's observations, exhibited the several forms of Gonepteryx 
occurring in the Palaearctic region, and demonstrated the variation of wing colora- 
tion in the respective fcrms ranked as species. Mr. H. J. Elwes read a note on the 
Geographical Affinities of Japanese Butterflies, of which he also exhibited numerous 
specimens taken by himself. Summing up his remarks, he said that during the 
winter and spring months the plants and insects of Japan were, like the climate, 
Palaearctic in character, yet during the summer and autumn th«y were tropical. 
Professor Christopher Aurivillius communicated a paper on " New African Z/a.«/'o- 
campidse in the British Museum." Mr. G W. Kirkaldy communicated a " Memoir 
on the Bhynchota taken by Dr. Willey chiefly in Birara and Lifu." — H. Rowland- 
Bbown, Hon. Secretary. 



{Continued from page 17-). 

26. MEDETERUS Fisch. 
Small grey or greenish-grey flies, which sit iu a very upright 
fashion on walls, tree-trunks, stones, &c., and which can run in any 
direction without turning round. 
. 1 (2) Scutellum with only two bristles 1. micaceus Jjw. 

2 (1) Scutellum with four bristles. 

3 (4) Middle tibiae with no bristle near base 2. rwMraZ/.s Meig. 

4 (3) Middle tibiae with a bristle near base. 

5 (12) Acrostichal bristles fairly large and distinct. 

6 (11) Last portion of postical (fifth) vein longer than discal cross- vein ; smallish 


7 (8) Knob of halteres darkened (at least above) 3. tristis Zett. 

8 (7) Knob of halteres clear pale yellow. 

9 (10) Middle sized species with dark legs; all bristles on thorax black... 

4. apivalis Zett. 

10 (9) Small species with palish legs ; some of the small bristles on thorax pale 

in certain lights 5. pallipes Zett. 

1 1 (6) Last portion of postical (fifth) vein not longer than discal cross-vein ; 

large species ; antennae reddish at base 6. obscurus Zett. 

1906.] X89 

12 (5) Acrostichal bristles very short. 

13 (16) Legs yellow, at the utmost femora black or brown at the base only. 

11 (15) Face shining metallic, dull at the suture only 7. diademaJj. 

15 (14) Face all whitish-grey S. Jlaripes Mcig. 

Ifi (13) Legs black with just knees yellowish. 

17 (18) Face all whitish grey 9. jacufus Me\g. 

18 (17) Face metallic, on at least lower part. 

19 (20) Last portion of postical (fifth) vein longer than diseal cross-vein*; 

hypopygiuni smallish ; smallest species of this group... 

10. truncorum Meig. 

20 (19) Last portion of postical (fifth) vein shorter or at least not longer than 

diseal cross-vein.* 

21 (22) First and second portions of diseal (fourth) vein about equal* ; smallish 

species 11. dend robrenus J^ow. 

22 (21) First portion of diseal (fourth) vein obviously longer than second* ; 

largish species with handsomely striped thorax... 

12. petrophilus Kow. 

About thirty species of this genus are recorded from Europe, 
of which at least a dozen more ought to occur in Britain ; T believe 
that I possess about three unrecorded species, but my specimens are 
not in sufficient quantity or quality for accurate identification. 
Whenever a species occurs it is sure to be in abundance, but as most 
of the species resemble each other so much they are not readily 
recognised at the time of capture. 

1. M. micaceus Lw. : my specimens were taken in Sussex, Surrey, 

Suffolk and Norfolk, and T expect it is fairly common. At 
present it is the only species recorded from Britain which 
has only two bristles on the scutellum, although five are 
known in Europe. 

2. M. muralis Meig. : I have caught this species in Devonshire, 

Hampshire, Sussex, Suffolk, and Westmoreland, and con- 
sequently imagine it may be found anywhere if properly 
looked for. 

3. M. tristis Zett. : T feel no doubt but that I have correctly 

identified as this species specimens from Cornwall, Hamp- 
shire, Sussex, and Hereford, besides several from Rannoch 
and Nethy Bridge, but yet the species seems to be un- 

4. M. apicalis Zett. : I do not think that the male of this species has 

yet been described, but I believe I have correctly identified 
numerous specimens of both sexes from the New Forest, as 
well as stray specimens from Cornwall, Westmoreland, 

* Not very satisfactory characters, thougb I believe the species are distinct. 

190 fAugust. 

Ayrshire, and Arran. Two out of tliree specimens in 
Kowarz's collection seem to me to be the same species as 
my specimens. 

5. M. palUpes Zett. : a well distinpjuislied little species which T have 

taken in some numbers in Sussex (Lewes) and Kent (Lee). 

6. M. ohscurus Zett. : T had long suspected this species to be "British 

because of a specimen taken at Rannoch in 1870, but it 
was not in good enough condition for identification ; T then 
saw a specimen which was probably this species and which 
had been taken by Dr. Sharp in the New Porest, but all 
doubt was removed by a fine female taken by Col. Terbury 
at Nethy Bridge on August 8th, 1904. This species may 
usually be distinguished at a glance by its much larger size 
than any other species of the genus. 

7. M. diadema L. : one of the largest "British species. "Very 

abundant on railings about " The Five Miles from Any- 
where " near "Wicken Fen, and I believe over all the sandy 
district past Brandon on to Yarmouth. 

8. M. Jlavipes Meig. : abundant in company with the last species 

near "Wicken Fen ; and also over a very large area in 
East Anglia, as I have caught it in my garden here and 
found it in abundance on Yarmouth beach, while tlie 
Cambridge Dipterists find it common there ; and Mr. C. Gr. 
Lamb has taken it at Padstow in Cornwall. It is a very 
distinct but very little known species, which is so generally 
supposed to be limited to the Mediterranean Fauna that 
Kowarz in his Monograph of the European species of the 
genus published in 1877 gave it as occurring in South 
Europe and Asia Minor, and mentioned Constantinople, 
Barcelona, and Lyons as localities, while he evidently con- 
sidered Eoder's record from Wurtemberg as founded on an 
error. He further states that it differs from M. jaculus 
only by the colour of the legs, and that consequently it may 
be only a variety of that species, while as a matter of fact 
it is abundantly distinct. 

It was recorded as British in Stephens' catalogue of 
1829, and feeling a curiosity to know upon what Stephens 
could have introduced it I many years ago sought out his 
specimens in the British Museum, and found three speci- 
mens so named ; two of them were specimens of a Psilopus (!) 
but the third was the true M.Jlnvipes. 

1905.] 191 

9. M.JacuIusMeU^.: a rather large and well distinguished species, 

fairly common from Penzance to Cambridgeshire and 
Suffolk, or even to Norfolk (Brandon), and Col. Yerbury 
took it at Porthcawl. 

10. M. fruncorum Meig. : occurs by thousands everywhere and 

consequently I have omitted to notice records, and mine 
only extend from Cornwall to Suffolk and Cambridgeshire, 
unless specimens taken by Col. Yerbury at Nairn and Golspie 
belong to this species. It may be seen sitting in large 
numbers in its peculiar upright fashion on the walls of 
almost any house, but is easily overlooked until the eye 
has become trained to detect it. Great care is necessary to 
distinguish it from the next two species and from M. tenui- 
cauda Lw., but I think its habits are different and it is 
the smallest species of the group. M. truncorum prefers 
houses and walls, M. dendrohcenus tree trunks in large 
woods, and M. petrophilus such stones as occur on dry 

11. M. dendrobcenus Kow. : my records are from Hampshire, Sussex 

and Norfolk, but I have never specially noticed it as a 
distinct species when capturing it. I think I have seen it 
from Cornwall and Somerset. 

12. M. petrophilus Kow\ : Hampshire, Suffolk and Norfolk, and 

I think from Cornwall to Sutherland. Usually taken by 
me in miscellaneous captures without my recognition of its 
specific distinctness at the time. Mr. C. G. Lamb has 
taken a lot of beautiful specimens at Padstow in Cornwall, 
and I expect it is universally common in suitable localities. 

27. SCELLUS Lw. 
S. notatus Fabr. : a very distinct and peculiar species, which 
cannot be mistaken for any other species recorded for Britain, though 
the allied 8. spinimanus Zett. is almost certain to occur with us. 
*S'. spinimanus is distinguished by the absence of the blackish round 
spot on the last portion of the discal (fourth) vein ; the third 
European species S. dolichocerios Gerst. is known from only one male 
taken in ffilaud. My records of S. notatus were from only Sussex, 
Kent, and Essex, until 19U4, when I saw it from Cornwall and Inver- 
ness, but I do not think it is rare, and it is certainly sometimes 
abundant amongst marshy herbage near the sea-coast. 

192 [August, 

28. HYDROPlIOliUS Whlbg. 

1 (10) Wings quite unspotted. 

2 (3) Scutellum with only two bristles \. bisetusljyf. 

3 (2) Scutellum with four bristles. 

4 (5) Face brilliant brassj on upper half 2. balticus M.sig. 

5 (4) Face all whitish or orange. 

6 (9) Face all whitish. 

7 (8) Jowls obvious ..'. ^. prsecox liehm. 

8 (7) Jowls absent 4. litoreus Fall. 

9 (6) Face all orange 5. viridis Meig. 

10 (1) Wings with at least a dark spot on last piece of discal vein. 

11 (16) Wings with two rather faint dark spots. 

12 (13) Face burnished blue-green on upper half 6. bipunctatus Lehm. . 

13 (12) Face nearly all whitish or orange. 

14 (15) Face ( (J ) silvery whitish 7. borealis Lvr. 

15 (14) Face orange 8. rvjibarbis Gerst. 

16 (11) Wings with numerous spots 9. 

1. II. hisetus Lw. : apparently very common ou all the coast of 

Britain, at any rate I have taken it at a great many locali- 
ties, of which all except Coniston (where I have taken 
several marine species) were on the sea-coast ; the most 
divergent localities were Exmouth, Dyffryn, Aldeburgh, and 
Grolspie. Although this species has been well known in 
Britain for more than fifty years it has not yet been 
recorded from the Continent. A female taken at Dyffryn 
on July 21st, 1888, has a small extra bristle on the 

2. H. balticus Meig. : not uncommon from Cornwall to Nairn, 

preferring the coast. 

3. H. prcBcox Lehm. : in various localities, from Cornwall to Suther- 

land ; also occurring ou the sea-coast, but not at all un- 
common on pools inland. A number occurred recently on a 
newly-made pond in my garden, but most likely they arrived 
as larvse in some Wicken Fen earth which had been placed 
in the pond. 

4. R. litoreus Fall. : I have taken this in Sussex, Middlesex, Suffolk, 

and Norfolk, but in spite of its name never on the coast. 

5. H. viridis Meig. : 1 took one female of this species at Hendon on 

November 9th, 1867, and one male at Ormesby on June 22nd, 

6. R. bipunctatus Lehm. : from Cornwall (Helston) to Inverness 

1905] 193 

(Nethy Bridge), but stiJl not a common species, and 
apparently a frequenter of fresh water for preference. 

7. H. borealis Lw. : not uncommon at Rannoch, Braemar, Nethy 

Bridge and Golspie, and therefore probably over all the 
Scutch Highlands. The upper part of the face is usually 
described as " tarnished," but to me the distinction is but 
slight on the whitish face of the male or on the orange face 
of the female. 

8. H. rujibarbis Gerst. : I am compelled to assign this name to a 

male taken at Callater, near Braemar, on July 20th, 1873, as 
it certainly does not belong to any other known European 
species. I believe I caught it on the little stream which 
crosses the path just before the loch when approaching from 
Braemar. Gerstaecker described the species in 1864 from a 
female taken near Berlin and a male taken near Stettin, but 
it seems to have not been noticed since by anybody. 

9. R. nebulosus Fin. : I have taken this very distinct little species 

in some numbers in the New Forest, at Reigate in Surrey, 
and at Lairg, while Col. Terbury found it in numerous locali- 
ties in North Scotland in 1904, 


1 (2) Legs all black ; scutellum with six bristles ; wing ( J ) snow-white at tip... 

1. virens Scop. 

2 (1) Legs black, with yellow knees and joints ; scutellum with four bristles... 

2. lacustris Scop. 

1. L. virens Scop. : common wherever water trickles down a perpen- 

dicular surface, from Cornwall to Sutherland. 

2. L. lacustris Scop. : much rarer than the other species, and I only 

know it from Hampshire, Sussex, and Suffolk. The genus 
Alloeoneurus is not worth adoption. 


1 (14) Legs peculiarly formed or adorned (slight in C. pectimilatus) ; antennae 

not pale at base. 

2 (3) Only front legs peculiarly formed ; middle legs simple ; front tarsi with 

extraordinai'y split up processes 1. magius Lw. 

3 (2) Middle legs peculiarly formed or adorned, and sometimes front legs also. 

4 (5) Front tarsi dilated at tip ; face and postocular cilia black ; middle 

femora and tibiae finely ciliate and pectinate 2. pusillus Meig. 

5 (4) Front tarsi not dilated at tip ; lower postocular cilia pale. 

6 (11) Basal joint of middle tarsi much shorter than second joint (only a little 

shorter in C. loripes). 

194 [August, 

7 (8) Anterior femora pectinate beneath ; basal joint of middle tarsi tangled ; 

middle tibia} remarkably dilated and ciliated 3. scambus Fall. 

8 (7) Front femora not pectinate beneath. 

9 (10) Posterior femora pectinate beneath 4. curvipes P&\\. 

10 (9) Only middle femora pectinate beneath 5. loripes iia.\. 

11 (6) Basal joint of middle tarsi much longer than second joint. 

12 (13) Middle femora and tibiae with rather long pectination. ..6. armaiu/i Zelt. 

13 (12) JVIiddle femora and tibiae minutely pectinate, almost simple... 

7. pectinulatus Lw. 

14 (1) Legs altogether simple (conf. C. pectinulatus) ; antennae orange at base... 

8. picticoriiis Zett. 
Several more species are likely to occur in Britain. 

1. G. ma(/ms Lw. : on July 9tb, 1894, I took a pair of this extra- 

ordinary species at Bawdsey, near Felixstowe. It was first 
described by Loew from Sicily, and be was blamed by 
Gerstaecker for making a new species from a fly whose legs 
were deformed by fungoid growth ! It has also been taken 
near Vienna, and is probably a very widely spread species, 
but suitable localities tor it are very uncommon, such as 
broad mud flats on which herbage and small pools exist at 
low tide, while the sea covers them at high tide. 

2. 0. pusillus Meig. : very uncommon. I caught a male at Lynd- 

hurst on June 26th, 1872, and Haliday caught it in Ireland. 

3. 0. scambus Fall. : not so common as some of the following species, 

but I have taken it from Penzance to Aberdeen, and 
Mr. F. Jenkiuson has taken it at Scilly. The middle legs of 
the male are very remarkable. 

4. C. curvipes Fall. : the commonest species of the genus, occurring 

everywhere in suitable localities from at least Slaptou Leigh 
to Aberdeen. Some specimens from Chippenham Fen are 
large and very dark legged. 

5. G. loripes Hal. : only less common than G. curvipes from at least 

Lyndhurst to Sunderland. It is remarkable how seldom 
this common British species has been observed on the 

6. C. armatus Zett. : I have not often met with this species, but I 

have taken it from Bournemouth to Nairn, and always on 
the coast near salt water. Some specimens taken at Aber- 
lady on June 23rd, 1884, where it was very abundant, have 
the legs almost black or black-brown, the front and hind 
femora being brownish but the front coxae always luteous. 

1905.] 195 

7. O. pectinulafus Lw. : T caught several specimens of this species 

near Brandon in Suffolk on July 1 0th, 1877, but was not 
aware at the time that it was an interesting capture, and 
althoue:h I have since searched at what I believe was the 
original locality, T have not been able to find it again ; 
Col. Terbury however caught two males at Erodie on 
July 12th. IQOi, so its distribution seems to be a wide one. 
T should have considered it to be C. pumilio Zett., only 
he says "femoribus posterioribus parce ciliatis." 

8. C. picticornis Zett. : T caught one male at Pitsea in Essex on 

June 7th, 1894. 

31. F.CTOMUS Mik. 
E. alpinus Hal. : distinct from all species of Campsicnemus by its 
silvery-white face, which practically disappears on its upper part just 
below the antennae through the very close approximation of the eyes. 
It is not uncommon in the New Forest and I have taken it at Eeigate 
in Surrey, while Col. Ferbury caught it at Brodie. 

A very distinct genus of tiny flies, easily known in the male by 
the long black costal space. 

1 (4) Hind tibiae bent before tip, apical part being dilated and hairy with 

a long curved subapieal spine beneath. 

2 (3) Hind tibiae with no long spine just before bending ... 

1. spinigerellus Zett. 

3 (2^ Hind tibiae with a long conspicuous spine just before bending... 

2. monacanthux Lw. 

4 (1) Hind tibiae not bent before tip, apical part not dilated and bearing no 

long curved subapieal spine. 

5 (6) Hind tibiae with a mamilla-like tuft of dark bristles behind about middle 

followed by some long thin bristles ; middle tibiae with two con- 
spicuous bristles beneath 4. pectinifer Kow. 

6 (5) Hind tibiae with only an equal fine ciliation of about ten small bristles ; 

middle tibiae with no conspicuous bristles beneath... 4. simplex Mik. 

T. calcaratus Macq. is almost certain to occur in Britain, and is 
allied to T. monacanthus and T. pectinifer, but the process about the 
middle of the hind tibiae is spread out at its tip like a fan. 
T. signatus Stseg. is not yet well recognised, as the most important 
part of its description which is on page 309(5 of Zetterstedt's Dipt. 
Scand., Vol. VIIT has been overlooked, being in Danish. It must be 
very near T. monacanthus, but the long spine is apparently repre- 
sented by two spines. 

196 [August, 1905. 

1. T. spinigerellus Zett. : I have numerous records from Hampshire 

to Cambs., but I have never met with it in abundance. 

2. T. ononacanilnis Lw. : one male at Wisbech on July 14th, 1881, 

and another at Lyndhurst on July 17th, 1887. Neither 
specimen vi'as recognised until many years after its capture. 

3. T. pectinifer Kow. : so abundant about puddles on paths in 

a small vs^ood near Three Bridfjes in Sussex on July 2Sth, 
1872, that thirty or forty specimens mifjht be swept up in 
one stroke of a net. Tt again occurred there and in other 
small woods in the neighbourhood ten years later. 

4. T. simplex Mik : not very uncommon in the middle glade-way 

of the 40-Acre Wood in Chippenham Fen ; first taken on 
August 26th, 1894. 

33. SYMPYCNU8 Lw. 

1 (') Legs mainly black 1 . f ?>r j/?m Walk. 

2 (1) Legs mainly yellow. 

3 (4) Front coxre blaekish-grey, at the utmost only just tip yellow... 

2. annulipen Meig. 

4 (3) Front coxae all yellow, or only a small portion of base blackish-grey. 

5 (6) Third joint of hind tarsi with a depressed thorn-like bristle beneath at 

tip; hind femora with a brown streak on upper-side... 

3. spiculatnx Gerst. 

6 (5) Third joint of hind tarsi clothed behind with stiff bristly hairs, like the 

fourth joint; hind femora at most black at tip ...4. xneicoxa Meig. 

1. S. cirripes Walk. : not uncommon in the Lake District and 

at "Braemar. 

2. S. annulipes Meig. : exceedingly common everywhere from Padstow 

to Tongue. 

3. S. spiculntus Gerst. : Mr. E. Jenkinson has taken this new species 

to Britain in some numbers at Cambridge and Old Chesterton 
from May 17th to August 2nd in 1901-2-3, 

4. N. ceneicoxa Meig. : common in the Lake District and in the 

Scotch Highlands, though I have taken it at Thetford in 
Suffolk. I very reluctantly accept Meigen's name for this 
species because he says " Hulfglieder alle schwarzlich " as 
the name denotes, which would only refer to S. annulipes, 
and consequently I should prefer to retain Zetterstedt's 
name of nigritihialis. 

(To he continued). 


We again regret to have to record the death of 
one of our Staff, and this time of our oldest member : 
J. W. DOUGLAS died at Morningside, Craven 
Park, Harlesden, N.W., on the 28th instant, in his 
gist year. 

A full Obituary Notice will be given in our next 
Number, and in the meanwhile we must ask our 
readers to accept this brief announcement. 

August, 1905. 

September, 1905. J X97 



Among some insects recently sent to me for examination by 
Mr. Kidson-Taylor was a specimen of a Quedius unknown to me. 
I was, however, able to refer it without difficulty to Q. variabilis, 
Heer (teste Muls et Eey). 

The moderate-sized eyes and bilobed labrum place the insect 
in the second section of the genus (Quedius verus). The black elytra 
will prevent its being mistaken for any British species in the section, 
except mesomelinus, Marsh., and nigrocoeruleus, Key. From these it 
may be separated thus : — 

A. Thorax with two or more accessory punctures, placed obliquely on each side of 
disc, in addition to the usual rows, 
a. Elytra blue-black ; thorax with three or four accessory punctures ; first 
joint of posterior tarsi subequal to last ; size larger... 

Q. nigrocoeruleus, Rey. 
aa. Elytra black without bluish tint ; thorax with two accessory punctures ; 
first joint of posterior tarsi shorter than last ; size smaller... 

Q. variabilis, Heer. 
AA. Thorax without accessory punctures (elytra almost invariably pitchy, paler at 
suture and apex) Q. mesomelinus. Marsh. 

The following is a translation of Key's diagnosis (Brevipennes, 
Staphyliniens, 505) : — 

" Elongate, little convex, scantily pubescent, shining black, with the apex of 
palpi and the tarsi more or less reddish. Head scarcely shagreened or punctured. 
Thorax shining, suborbicular, rather narrowed in front. Scutellura smooth. 
Elytra moderately, strongly and densely, abdomen a little more finely, punctured. 
The first joint of the posterior tarsi a little less long than the last." 

" Obs. — It is of the form of mesomelinus, from which it differs in its palpi, its 
antennae, its darker legs and ventral abdominal segments, the dorsal segments being 
less iridescent, and especially by the thorax having two punctures on the sides of 
disc, and the temples punctured at the base." 

Uanon Fowler refers to this insect as possibly mixed with 
mesomelinus in collections (Brit. Col., II, 234). In the last European 
Catalogue (1891) the insect is given as a var. of Q. ochripennis, Men., 
=puncticollis, Th. ; but in Mr. Kidson-Taylor's specimen, apart from 
colour, the antennal joints are much less transverse than those of 
Q. ochripennis. The punctuation of the elytra is very different to 
that of Q. mesomelinus, being much closer and deeper. Q. variabilis 
certainly appears to be as good a species as some others in the 

198 [September, 

The unique example was taken in Sherwood Forest by Mr. Kidson- 
Taylor in October, 1904, in rotten fun<i;us, in company with Q. xan- 
tliopus, Er. 

12, Churchill Road, 

Dartmouth Park, N.W. : 
July 29th, 1905. 


The insect somewhat doubtfully introduced into the British list 
under the above name by Rye (Ent. Mo. Mag., vii, p. ISO, and x, 
p. 149), whose description of the male was taken from a specimen 
found by myself at Earnham, Surrey, in 1875, was incorrectly 
identified, and is really referable to A. lucens, Fairm. It belongs, in 
fact, to a different section of the genus, and is easily separable from 
the members of the A. cin7iamomea-(rroup by the short row of punc- 
tures at the base of the ninth elytral interstice (a character over- 
looked by Rye) and the peculiar armature of the posterior femora of 
the male. This last-mentioned structure is well shown in Jacquelin- 
Duval's figure (Gen. Col., I, t. 36, fig. 179b) : the apical tooth is 
obtuse (instead of being sharply hooked) and the median tooth is 
very large and angular. In Mr. E. Saunders' collection (from that 
of Dr. Capron) there is also a fine male of A. lucens, probably taken 
near Shiere, Surrey, agreeing perfectly with my own example from 

A. ohlonga, Er., and A. grandis, Eairm., are properly treated as 
synonymous by Canon Eowler ; both are forms of A. cinnamomea, 
Panz. The A. grandis of Rye appears to differ slightly from the 
continental specimens, and the name anglica, Rye, is available for this 
variety if required. A. cinnamomea and A. anglica occur constantly in 
the same localities (Mickleham, Caterham, Cobham. Park, &c.), and 
there can be no doubt that they are forms of one very variable 
species. I am indebted to Dr. A. Fleischer, of Briinn, for calling my 
attention to this matter, and also for a male specimen of the true 
A. ohlonga, Er., for comparison.* He has, moreover, examined the 

* Dr. Fleischer informs me that A. algirica, Rye (the type of which is in my possession 
= A. heydeni, Ragnsa, differing from it merely In colour. Rye's name has five years' priority. 
This insect is found in Algeria, France, and Sicily. 

1905.] 199 

genitalia of a British A. anglica and finds that they do not differ in 
any way from those of A. cinnamomen. 

Fairmaire's types of A. lucens (^ and ? ) were from the Forest 
of Bondy. Gancrlbauer states that it is found very rarely in France, 
Holland, the Eastern Alps, Bohemia, and Hungary. 

Horsell, Woking : 

Auffmt I6th, 1905. 


TVotes made upon various Tachinidts from time to time having 
accumulated T have thought it better to bring them together within 
the compass of a single paper. The final determining factor was the 
opportunity afforded me of clearing up an interesting problem con- 
nected with the genus MicropaJpus by means of a collection of those 
insects specially made for the purpose by Col. Terbury in Scotland 
last year. The result of my examination of his captures was to 
enable me to decide with certainty that the northern representative 
of the southern black species pudiciis, Edi., was quite distinct from 
that species. The result is not an actual addition to the British list, 
as Mr. Verrall included it under the name pictus, Mg., in his last 
list (1901) on account, 1 believe, of my expressed opinion that a few 
odd specimens taken by Col. Yerbury at Aviemore in 1899 were that 
species. The question, however, remained in doubt, as there were 
not suflScient specimens taken then to make its distinction from 
pudlcus a certainty, and Col. Terbury himself believed them to be 
specifically identical, so that he made a point of collecting a long 
series of them last summer, in order that a decision might be arrived at. 
When Verrall published his 1888 list there were but two cer- 
tainly known British species of the genus, vulpinus, 'Fin., ?ir\d comptus. 
Fin. {=1 fulgens, Mg.). Meade, in 1891, in his Annotated List of 
British TacUnidcB (Ent. Mo. Mag., 1891, pp. 90-91), added a third 
name — h(emorrlioidalis. Fin. ; this, however, was on the strength of 
one specimen only without locality, which was but doubtfully British, 
so that whatever species Meade had before him the record must be 
ignored. Since then pudicus, Rdi., has become well known as British, 
and has been recorded by Mr. E. E. Austen in the Ent. Mo. Mag., 
vol. xxxiv, pp. 36^ — 8 ; so that the present addition gives us four 

s 3 

200 [September, 

clearly defined, properly known, British species of this genus. As 
the works in which they are described are none of them English, and 
some of them difBcult of access, it may be worth while giving a table 
and short description of them here. They may bo arranged as 
follows : — 

Spenies with yellow femora and tibiae vulfinus, Fin. 

Species with black legs (tibiae sometimes brownish) A. 

A. Species with bright reddish middle streak on irons... comptus (Fall.), Rdi. 
Species with black middle streak on frons B. 

B. Species with 7 bristles on 3rd longitudinal vein near base ; with bristly 
genae ; and with reddish genitalia in male. . .hfenwrrJioidali.s (Fall.), Rdi. 

Species with 13 bristles on 3rd longitudinal vein near base ; with fine hairs 
only on genae; and with black genitalia in male pudicun, Rdi. 

Vulpiniis is the commonest of these species. I have seen it in 
thousands in Wyre Forest, Worcestershire ; Col. Yerbury found it 
commonly in the north of Scotland last year, and I have taken it or 
seen it from Cornwall, Norfolk, and various intermediate localities, 
and believe it to be generally distributed. It is unmistakeable, its 
yellow legs and the general yellow effect of the insect proclaiming 
it at once. 

Gomptus I do not know. I believe it to be very rare. Mr. Austen 
records two specimens only in the British Museum collection from 
localities as far apart as Cromarty and Surrey (Ent. Mo. Mag., 1898, 
p. 38). Meade and F. Walker both say rare, without giving localities, 
and I have never come across it myself. It should be readily dis- 
tinguished by its bright red or yellow central streak to the frons, in 
this respect resembling vulpimis, from which, however, its black legs and 
much darker appearance would at once separate it. Brauer and von 
Bergenstamm say that it has orbital bristles in the male sex (Die 
Zweifliigler des Kaiserl. Museums zu Wien, iv, p. 65) ; Meade (Ent. 
Mo. Mag., 1891, p. 91) says it has not even hairs on the genae, which 
would be a good character, if true, as vulpinus sxud pudicus have abund- 
ance of fine long hairs, and hfsmorrlwidalis has bristles. This species 
was known asfulffens, Mg., by Schiner, Walker, and Meade, and was 
so called in Verrall's first list ; it seems now, however, to be considered 
identical with compfus, Fall., and is certainly the same that Eondani 
recognised as that species. Fallen spelt it covita by the bye, so that 
some choice of names is open to us. 

Pudicus is apparently not uncommon in the south, as I have it 
from Colchester, Bexley, Farniiigham, and Lamorbey, and Austen 

1905.] 201 

(Joe. clt.) gives Felixstowe, St. Osyth, Essex, and Bearsted, Kent. It 
seems to have been unknown to Schiner, Walker, and Meade, and 
in fact Kondani appears to have been the only author who did know it| 
so that there is no synonymy. 

It and hcEmorrhoidalis are very closely allied, but there are 
abundant and constant, though slight, differences. The most useful 
and constant character of all lies in the number of fine setae at the base 
of the 3rd longitudinal vein. These in hcBmorrhoidalis are normally 
seven in number, and in pudlcus thirteen. It must not be forgotten 
that frequently some of these get rubbed off, but still the character 
will almost always be found sufficiently recognisable, especially as the 
seven in hamorrlwidalls are packed closely together at the base of the 
vein, and in pudlcus they are spread out almost to the small cross 
vein. Another constant and good character lies in the fact that the 
hairs on the genae of licBtnorrJioidalis are sufEciently robust to be 
described as bristles, while in pudicus they are fine and down-like, 
though long. In the male sex the possession of brown or reddish 
genitalia in hcBmorrhoidalis and black ones in pudicus, is an instantly 
recognised character. The length and width of the 3rd joint of the 
antennae differs in the males of the two species ; in pudicus the length 
is to the width as "1^ to 1, and in hcBmorrhoidalis as If to 1. The 
palpi in pudicus are shorter and perhaps a little thicker than in 
hcBmorrhoidalis ; in pudicus they are barely as long as the 3rd an- 
tennal joint is wide ; and in hcBmorrhoidalis they are distinctly longer 
(and in this species the 3rd antennal joint is also wider than in 
pudicus). These characters, however, of the antennae and palpi are 
less constant than the before-mentioned characters, and not so useful. 

HcBmorrhoidalis is common in the north of Scotland, according 
to Col. Terbury, and the specimens I have examined (which were 
thirty-five in number) came from Aviemore, Nethy Bridge, and 
Brodie ; in addition to which I took a couple of males myself at 
Rannoch in 1902. The synonymy is most complicated and uncertain. 
HcBmorrhoidalis was first described by Fallen, but his description by 
itself is of course inadequate. The species which Schiner recognised 
as hcBmorrhoidalis, Fall., is certainly not our species, but the one 
which he describes as p ictus, Meig., is ; on the other hand, the species 
which Eondani regarded as Fallen's species is almost certainly the 
same as our own. Brauer and von Bergenstamm (Die Zweifliigler 
des Kaiserl. jNIuseums zu Wien, pt. v, p. 104<) seem to consider that 
Eondani is right, whereupon they proceed to mix up the synonomy 
terribly by using the name pictus, Mg., for Fallen's and Eondani'a 

202 [September, 

species with hcemorrhoidalis, Fall., as a synonym, and uain^' the name 
hcemorrJioidalis for Schiner's species, which they consider the same as 
Meigen's iKsmorrlioidalis and Rondani's impudicus. Now I am unable 
to decide from the mere descriptions what species Fallen and Mei;j;en had 
before them, but accepting B. and 13. 's interpretations, which certainly 
seem to me to be the most likely ones (and I have carefully read all 
the descriptions), then the name hcemorrhoidalis, which was Fallen's 
original name, must remain for his and Kondani's species, and pictus, 
Meig. and Sch., must sink as a synonym ; while for the other species 
Eoudaui's name impudicus must stand ; 1 therefore work out the 
synonomy in brief of the two species as follows : — 

Hwmorrhoidalis^ Fallen, Rondani, non Meig., Schiner, = pictus, 

Meigen, and Schiner ; 
Impudicus, Kondani, = hcemorrkoidalis, Meig , Schiner ; 
and our species will then be hcemorrhoidalis. 

JRcBselia. I think 1 have also been able to clear up certain 
doubts regarding the species in this small genus. Fallen, in his 
Diptera Suecise " Muscides," p. 22, described the original species 
pallipes, which had a complete 4th longitudinal vein, that is to say, 
the apical portion which turns up to meet the 3rd longitudinal vein 
was present, and fully developed. He referred to what he called 
'• Var. ji ? . Monsfrosa," which had this apical portion of the 4th 
vein missing, so that the vein ceased just before reaching the angle of 
the upward bend. Meigen, in his " System. Beschreib. der bek. 
europ. zweifliig. Insekten," vol. iv, pp. 411 — 2, copies Fallen's descrip- 
tion of pallipes, and raises the var. to specific rank under the name 
antiqua. He evidently knew the form with the restricted 4th vein 
well, and did not know the other one at all. Since then most authors 
seem to have believed that there was only one species (owing to the 
fact that they have perhaps only met with one), but with so simple a 
history it is singular how many mistakes have been made in the 
synonomy. Kondani had it right, but Zetterstedt seems to have 
started the mistakes, as in the Diptera Scand., p. 1050, he sinks the 
earlier name pallipes under the later name antiqua, giving, however, 
the correct references ; Schiner follows his example in the Fauna 
Austriaca I, p. 516 : in his " Catalogue of European Diptera " he, 
however, omits the name pallipes altogether, and actually assigns the 
later name antiqua to Fallen. This mistake has been repeated by 
Brauer and von Bergenstamm, who in the before-mentioned work, 
vol. V, p. 410, in the list of the species of Tachinidce known to them, 

1905.] 203 

give only antiqua, Fall., and in the body of the work, vol. iv, p. 104, 
quote antuina, Meij;-., as the type of the genus, vrithout in either case 
referring to /j«///^^s, Fall., at all. Meade recognised the mistake in 
his Annotated List before referred to, and corrected the synonomy ; 
Verrall, in his first list, copies Schiiier, and refers antiqua to Fall., 
and ill his second list adds palHpes as a synonym, ascribing both to 
Fallen. All this discussion, however, is somewhat by the way, as 
in addition to the mistakes about the synonomy, I feel sure that 
these authors are wrong in uniting the two species. I have for some 
time had one or two odd specimens of Boeselia put on one side, with 
notes to the effect that they might be the true pallipes, Fallen, and 
the fortunate capture of a pair in cop. by Dr. J. H. Wood has con- 
viuced me that we have two distinct species in this country, presumably 
pallipes. Fall., and antiqua, Meig. Of these two species antiqua, 
Meig. {i. e., the one with abbreviated vein), is fairly common, and 

1 have a good series ; the other, pallipes, Fall, (with complete 4th 
vein), seems to be very rare ; at present 1 have only seen 5 (^ (J, and 

2 ? ? altogether, and as ill fortune will have it, both the females 

happened to be greasy, so that one or two points remain uncertain. 

The distinctions between the two species are as follows : — 

Antiqua, Mg. Antennae in both sexes with 3rd joint black, and 2nd joint 
bright fulvous ; abdomen in both sexes unmarked, excepting by the black dots 
upon which the bristles stand ; scutellum with yellow edge ; base of wings bright 

Pallipes, Fall. Antennae in the male same as in antiqua, but in the female 
bright yellow throughout ; abdomen marked with a distinct dark band on hinder 
edge of each segment, these are slightly interrupted, and about one-fourth the 
width of the segments (unfortunately the females being greasy I cannot tell if they 
are the same in this respect as the males) ; scutellum entirely grey (I anticipate 
that this may not prove a constant character, but it is so in all I have seen) ; wings 
not bright fulvous at base. 

On the whole pallipes is a smaller insect, but the largest I have 
is as large as the smallest antiqua ; moreover, it is a greyer and darker 
insect, but here again extreme specimens of the two species are alike. 

The seven specimens of pallipes referred to above come from : — 
Stoke Wood, 6.5.03, Dr. J. H. Wood (the pair in cop. referred to 
above); Ashperton Park, 30.4.04, <^ , Dr. J. H. Wood; Ipswich 
District, 3.5.02, (^ , 9.5.01, ?, Claude Morley ; New Forest, 2 (J (J, 
bred from larvae of Tceniocampa miniosa, F., April, 1897, J. W. Moore. 
It will be noticed that all these dates are early, while antiqua, so far 
as I know, occurs in July and August. 

I think pallipes is probably a northern insect, and that since 
Fallen originally described it no one else has met with it till now. 

204! [September, 

People who love to alter names have their chance here. The 
f^enus Roeselia was founded by Kobineau Desvoidy (Myodaires, p. 
145), the only generic character he gives being the nhsence of the 
apical portion of the 4th vein. He ascribed four species to the genus, 
all the names being quite new, in accordance with his usual custom ; 
he afterwards (Ann. de la 8oc. Ent. de France, L>S4s, p. 447) con- 
sidered his arvensis to represent antiqua, Meig., but probably all his 
four species represent but one true species, being founded on trivial 
individual differences. Under the circumstances no one could be 
blamed for rejecting the name BcBsella, still it is probably more con- 
venient to keep it. Moreover, the name pallipes, Fall., might be 
rejected for my species, for Fallen sai/s that he is describing a. female, 
and gives it a pale 2nd joint only to the antennae ; moreover, he says 
the scutellum is testaceous. As I have already written the latter 
character may prove inconstant, and as for the foruier one it is ex- 
tremely likely that Fallen had a male before him, as the males in 
this genus possess most of the characters usually confined to the 
females in the Tachinidcs, and look very like females in every way, so 
that he may be readily excused for making such a mistake ; anyway, 
it is a nice point which is open to discussion ; in the meatinie, how- 
ever, I prefer to retain the old names, the use of which can lead to no 

Genus Erigine. Mr. E. E. Austen's article on this genus in the 
Ent. Mo. Mag. for Mai-ch (pp. 57—60) is very interesting; pectinata, 
Girschner, is a very distinct and fine addition to the British fauna ; 
and being an insect which is very little known at present, it is to 
be hoped that Col. Yerbury or Dr. Wood will succeed in obtaining 
further specimens, including males, so that we may get to know it 
better. Truncata, Ztt., is another well marked species which, how- 
ever, is not strictly speaking new to us. It is true that Dr. Meade 
says that his appendiculata had an entirely black scutellum, but apart 
from the fact that Dr. Meade unfortunately made many mistakes, dark 
specimens of all these species occur in which the red apex is so 
reduced as not to be noticeable ; moreover, nothing else is known 
which his species could have been, so that in the absence of further 
evidence it seems most probable that he had a specimen of truncata, 
Ztt., before him. Truncata is well known to me, and I have always 
considered it identical with the appendiculata of Meade and of 
Verrall's list, so that I have not regarded it as new to Britain. My 
own specimens (four females) were taken in Sutton Park at hawthorn 
blossom. Dr. Wood has taken it in Herefordshire, and Mr. E. C. 

i»o5.] 205 

Bradley at Moseley. It is another question whether appendiculata, 
Mcq., is the same as truncaia, Ztt. Mr. Austen quite correctly points 
out that Macquart's figure of his species shows antennae quite unlike 
those of our truucata, but Macquart's drawings are very bad, and his de- 
scriptions are so short and insufficient that they might be applied to 
almost any allied species ; and certainly his appendlculata is not 
diagnosed sufficiently for identification. I should say that neither 
his drawing in this particular case nor his description prove anything 
one way or the other, and it is immaterial whether we regard ap- 
pendiculata as a synonym of truncata, or ignore it altogether. 

With regard to the species which Mr. Austen says he has been 
calling rudis, Fall., and which he says is like the true rudis,fide B. 
and B., but smaller, with slightly different fore tarsi, &c., this is 
without doubt what I have been calling nemorum, Meig. In my 
experience it is a rare insect, and I have but four females, which w'ere 
taken at West Hide, Herefordshire, in May, 1899, and I do not 
remember having seen any others. One ot* these specimens I sent to 
Prof. Brauer, and he returned it to me confirming my identification 
of it as Panzeria nemorum, Alg. They answer to Mr. Austen's de- 
scription of the British Museum specimens, and like them have a 
reddish scutella. Mr. Austen has perhaps overlooked Brauer's note 
on p. 532 of the paper he refers to (S. B. K. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
math.-naturw. CI. Bd., cvii, 1898), in which he mentions this species, 
expressing some doubt whether it is specifically different from rudis, 
Fall., and remarking that the scutellum is often black, and was so in 
Meigen's type specimen, and pointing out that the principal char- 
acter lies in the difference in the shape of the fore tarsi ; nemorum 
having the first joint much longer than broad, while rudis has it 
about the same length as width, the other joints being all larger in 
proportion to width in nemorum than in rudis. 

While on the subject of the genus Erigone I may as well call 
attention to the fact that this name cannot be continued for the genus, 
but that we must now use Varichceta, Speiser. Nemoraea was the name 
by which all those insects now included in Brauer and von Bergen- 
stamm's section Erigone were known till recently. This name was 
originally founded by iiobineau Desvoidy for half a dozen of his usual 
new names, three of which have since been identified with pellucida, 
Meig. {conjuncta, E.di.) ; Meigen (Sys. Bes. bek. europ. zweifliig. Ins., 
vol. vii, p. 221), and Macquart (Ann. de la Soc. Ent. de. France, 1848, 
p. 104, et seq.), used the name not only for pellucida, but unite with 

206 [Seiitetuber, 

it u great number of species now assigned to several genera. Scbiner, 
Verrall, and others followed their example, but E-ondani (Dip. It. 
Prodr., iii, p. 72) and Brauer and von Bergenstamm (Zweifl. des K, 
Mus. zu Wien, iv, IIG) have restricted it to pellucid'/, Meig. {con- 
juncta, Kdi.), and its allies, and as these are now separated widely 
from the rest of Meigen's genus Nemorea, including the species now 
under consideration, and do not appear to be British, we have done 
with that name in this connection. Erigene, another of Robineau 
Desvoidy's genera, which he founded for eight new species, six of 
which are given as synonyms of radicum, Jb\, by Scbiner was selected 
by Brauer and von Bergenstamm as the name to take its place, not 
only for their restricted genus to which radicum belongs, but also for 
the section or supergenus which includes rudis, Fall., ccesia, Fall., and 
most of the species which ISchiner, Verrall, and other recent writers 
put in the genus JVemorcea, sens. lat. This would have done nicely, 
but unfortunately it had been used before for a genus of spiders, 
and so 8peiser (Berl. Ent. Zeit., 1903, p. 69) proposes the name 
Varichceta, which I suppose we must now use. 

Since the publication of Mr. Verrall's last list of British Diptera 
in 1901 I have already noted a considerable number of additions to 
the British fauna ; some of these have been already recorded, and 
a greater number 1 do not consider ripe for recording, but 1 take 
advantage of this article to mention the following : — 

Viviania cinerea, Fin., in italics in the list, has been taken by 
Dr. J. H. Wood at Checkly, Herefordshire, 15.VIi.99. 

Exorista. This is a vei'y difficult genus, and 1 have several 
additions, but they may easily be wrongly identified, so that for the 
present 1 will only just mention their names tentatively : grossa, B. 
and B. ; intermedia, B. and B. ; glirina, itdi. ; fugax, Kdi. ; and an- 
tennata, B. and B. ; and ugnata (lidi.), S., which is in italics, 1 can 
confirm. As a matter of fact 1 believe all these to be correctly 
named, but if preparing a list like Vei'rall's should adopt his plan of 
*' italics " for the sake of caution. 

Tricholyga major, liond. A distinct species, of which I have both 
sexes, and half a dozen specimens bred from larvae of Saturnia pa- 
vonia, L., found in Sutton Bark. 

Ptilops nigrila, Fall., a distinct little species, similar to, but much 
smaller than, chalybeata, Meig., which will probably prove not un- 
common. 1 have not seen many specimens yet, but Dr. Wood seems 
to find it not uncommon, as he has taken it on several occasions and 
in several localities in Herefordshire (Cusop Dingle, Haugh Wood, 

1905.J 207 

Shobdon, Do ward, &c.), and to his kindness 1 owe four specimens in 
my collection. 1 have also seen a specimen taken by the Jiev. T. A. 
Marshall at Teigumouth. 

Phytomi/ptera nitidiventris, Rdi., a distinct little species taken by 
Mr. a. C. Bradley at Barmouth in 1901, and by Dr. Wood at Stoke 
Wood, Herefordshire, on J 1.7.02. 

Graspedothrix vivipara, B. and B. This species 1 have referred 
to in my list of the Diptera of Warwickshire in the Victoria County 
Histoj'ies, Mr. K. C. Bradley having taken it at Moseley. 1 have also 
had it sent to me by Rev. W. J. Wingate from Bishop Auckland, 
20.7.00, and by Dr. J. 11. Wood, who has taken nine specimens at 
Tarrington and Stoke Wood, Herefordshire, at various times. 

Thryptocera frontalis, Mcq. This species, which Dr. Wood re- 
corded as British as recently as January, in the Eut. Mo. Mag., 1905, 
p. 7, from specimens taken by him in Herefordshire, at Shobdon 
Marsh, was taken by myself in Wyre Forest, in July, 1901, when 1 
obtained a little series. 

45, Handsworth Wood Road, 

Handswoi'tli, Staffordshire : 
March 26th, 1905. 

lihopalomesites tardyi, Curt., in the lute of Alan. — I met with a auiuber of 
specimens — both male and female, and of verj varying sizes — of this species at 
Eallaclague, Kirk Arborj, Isle of Man, in June and July, I'JO'd, and May, 19U4, 
under bark of dead ash trees. An example of the pupa occurred in the soft rotten 
wood of one of the stumps, but I did not succeed in rearing it. At Eallakeigan in 
the same parish there are numerous borings of the beetle in a row of old pollarded 
hawthorn trees, and my friend Mr. R. W. Teare obtained one example of the beetle 
in this locality. 

The presence of this interesting wood-feeder in the Island suggests some reflec- 
tion on trees in the Isle of Man from the point of view of the Coleopterist. We 
can definitely commence our consideration of the present flora and fauna of the Isle 
of Man subsequently to the Glacial period, during which some Geologists hold that 
an immense ice sheet covered the Island, all traces of tiie pre-existing flora and 
launa being scraped away and destroyed. Another theory postulates the presence 
of an icy sea crowded with icebergs having covered the Island during the Glacial 
period. In either case, a complete restocking of the flora and fauna must have 
taken place after this period. The Irish Elk reached the Island — by land 
connection or across an ice sheet is a hotly debated question amongst Geologists — 
probably during the late Glacial or early post-Glacial periods, its remains having been 
found in the basins of fresh water marl in the " curraghs," in every case underlying 
the layers of peat. It may perhaps have lingered into the age of forests when the 
principal peat bogs of the Island were accumulated. In the peat of the curraghs 
in the north and in the central valley between Peel and Douglas, and more sparingly 

208 [September, 

in the peat on some of the hillsides, remains of trees are found of the ancient 
forests which succeeded the early post-glacial period. Oak and fir, in some cases of 
large size, and hazrl are the commonest, but ash. walnut, hoUj, and black alder also 
occur. There are likewise remains of an ancient submerged forest on the seashore 
near Poolraish, oak, ash, and fir having been exposed at low tides after storms. 
These ancient forests must have long ago disappeared— crtainly before historic 
times. All evidence tends to show that in historic times trees have always been 
very scarce in the Island. The oldest are some planted by Bishop Wilson at 
Bishop's Court less than 200 years ago. Wood was always scarce for building 
purposes, and until coal came into moi'e frequent use peat was the universal fuel. 
In 1629 a statute was enacted entailing severe penalties for damaging any tree or 
shrub. Trees play but little part in Manx folklore, and such superstitions connected 
therewith may have been brought by the ancient Celtic wave of immigration from 
forest covered lands, or in some cases to the later Norse influence. The Manx 
place names are rarely connected with the presence of trees or woods ; there are 
a {ew of Celtic origin, such as Glen Tramman (Eldertree Glen), Glen Darragh 
(Oak Glen), and Glen Unjin (Ash Glen). Of the Scandinavian place names we 
only have Dalliot (dalar-holt =Dale Wood) and Little London, supposed to be 
a corruption of litill-lundr = Little Grove. Kirk Arbory at first sight suggests 
trees, and in fact misled Governor Sacheverell, who, in " An Account of the Isle of 
Man," 1702, explains that it was so called from the number of trees there formerly. 
In reality it was called after Saint Carbery, the parish originally in Manx being 
Skeeylley Carbre, Skeeylley being later on changed to Kirk, derived from the Scan- 
dinavian " Kirkja," and the initial " C " being dropped in course of time. 

At the present time there are but 826 acres of woodland out of a total acreage 
of 145,235. Some of the mountain slopes in the north near Ramsey are well 
wooded, both with conifers and deciduous trees. On the Crown lands on South 
Barrule and Greeba Mountains and at ArchoUagan there are some few hundred 
acres of Scotch fir planted in recent years by the Insular Government. 

The sheltered sides of many of the glens are wooded, some, such as Glen 
Rhenass and other pleasure resorts, having been planted in recent years. In the 
neighbourhood of many of the larger farmhouses there are small plantations, chiefly 
of ash — orchards as they are locally called— whilst i-ound every old cottage one 
finds the trammon tree (elder) in accordance with the old belief in its powers of 
warding off witchcraft from the inmates. What one misses in the landscape, as 
compared with most English counties, is hedgerow timber, the boundary fences 
usually consisting of stones, earth, and sod grown over with gorse and bramble, 
whilst, owing to there being no very large estates with attendant parks, fox hunting 
and game preserving, coverts for foxes and pheasants are not required. 

Ash is the prevailing tree in the Island, beech and sycamore are frequent in 
the glens, oak, elm, and mountain ash being less frequent, whilst birch, hazel, and 
poplar are rare. Large willows are to be met with near some of the rivers, together 
with an occasional alder. In the curraghs there are numbers of sallow bushes. 
Holly, blackthorn, hawthorn, wild cherry, bird-cherry, and crab-apple are present, 
but not in any numbers. 

Whether Rhopalomesites tardyi, Curt., existed in the age of forests it is 

1905.] 209 

impossible to say, or if so, whel her it afterwards made a precarious but continued 
occupation is doubtful. It is very likely that it has been introduced with trees 
from Ireland during the last century, just as Pissodes notatus, F., and Bhinomacer 
attelahoides, P., and other species, liave been introduced into England since the 
re-introduction of the Scotch fir during the last 200 years, this tree having in past 
ages been indigenous both in England and Ireland, but afterwards having dis- 
appeared.— J. Harold Bailey, Port Erin, Isle of Man: November \st,\QOi:. 

Coleoptera from BerJcuhire. — On account of pressure of work this summer 
T have had few chances of visiting my favourite districts of Streatley and 
Wellington College, Aqathidium niqripenne, Kng., being the only species new to 
the former district, and Pht/llohrofica quadrimaculata, L., and Amphotii mar- 
ginata, Er., to the latter. I have, however, searched some small copses and water 
meadows close to my house more systematically than before, and several species 
new to the neighbourhood have been taken, mostly by evening sweeping, viz : 
Anisotoma parvula, Sahib., Ci/rtuf^a pauxilln, Schmidt, Hydnobius strigosus, 
Schmidt, Ephisfemus glohoxus, Waltl, AntheropJiagus pallens, Gryll., Telephorus 
figuratus, v. scoticus, Sharp, and Liosoma oblongulum, Boh. Ergx afer, F., was 
taken in July from a hollow ash tree, and BaJnninii/t betulx, Steph., a few days ago 
crawling on the breakfast table.— Noeman H. Jot, Bradfield : August 1th, 1905. 

Osphya bipunctata, F., near Peterhorovgh. — On May 19th, 1905, I captured 
a fine Heteromerous beetle, which I took for a variety of Nacerdes melanura, 
though without the black tip to the elytra ; but having referred it to Mr. W. 
Holland, that gentleman greatly gratified me by returning it as a very large 
example of the female of Osphya bipunctata, F.— C. T. Cruttwell, Ewelme 
Rectory, Wallingford : July 2Qth, 1905. 

Notes of Coleoptera captured during a tour through Sutherland shire and at 
Aviemore, Invernesfi-shire, in the month of June, 1905.— The species, among many 
others, kindly verified for me by Mr. W. Holland, are from Sutherlandshire, unless 
otherwise noted. Cicindela campestris (not uncommon), Elaphrus uliginonis, 
Nebria gyllenhalii, Amara lucida, Calathus Jiavipes, C. mollis, C. melanoce- 
phalus, var. nubigena (Aviemore), C. micropterus, Pterodichus versicolor (dark 
form), P. vitreus, Bembidium bipunctatiim, B. fuviatile, var. (Aviemore), B. tibiale, 
B. saxatile (dark form, Aviemore), B. atrocoeruleum (Aviemore), B. paludosum 

Among Staphylinidas I saw at Aviemore, but somehow lost, a specimen of 
Staphylinus erythropterus ; Philonthus sanguinolentus (dark form, Aviemore), Stenus 
guttula and S.cicindeloides (A.\iemore), Anthophagustestaceus, Oeodromicus globuli- 
colUs (Aviemore), Parnus auriculatus (Aviemore), Cytilus varius, Coccinella oblongo- 
guttata (Aviemore), C. W-punctata, var. confluens, Geotrupes putridarius (very 
small), Aphodius depressus, A. foetidus, Roplia philanthus in profusion on June 4th, 
Cryptohypnus mar itimus and C. dermestoides (both at Aviemore), Corymhites cupreus , 
C. quercds, with var. ochropterus (Aviemore), Podabrits alpimts, Telepliorus nigri- 

2,10 [September, 

cans, T. hcemorrhoidalin (Aripmoi'e), Rhagonycha limhata, R. elongatn (Aviemore), 
A-iemum xfriafum, Meloe riolaceus (Aviemore), Donacia sericea, Chri/somela 
sfaphi/Isea, Prasocurix aucta, Polydrunun cervinus, P. pterygomaliii, Pht/Uobiiis 
calcaratus, P. maculicollls, Dorytom'is tortrix, D. cosfirostrix, Orchestes xaliceii, 
O. rusci, Cieliodes ruhicundus (Aviemoi'e), Ceuthorrliynchiii cyanipenni.i and C. 
hirtiilus (botli at Aviemore), Pissodes pini (Aviemore). 

My attention was mainly given to Lepidoptera, but the above list shows how 
varied is tlie Coleopterous fauna of these northern regions, even in the beginning 
of summer, when, owing to the keen N.W. winds, it was hard work collecting, and 
fires within doors were indispensable. After the 10th the weather became much 
warmer, and Lepidoptera began to appear in some numbers ; so the search for 
Coleoptera was discontinued. — Id. 

Apteropeda orbiculafa, Marsh., and its food -pi ants. — M. Bedel, in his excellent 
work (Coleop. du bassin de la Seine, v, 283), gives Rhinanthus hirsutuft as the food- 
plant of .4. orhiculata, and expresses his strong doubts as to the species being 
polyphagous. Kaltenbach (Pflanzenf., 373) attributes the yellow larvse found on 
Plantago and 'Fevcrinm to A. orhiculata ; but M. Bedel (op. cit., 201-, footnote), in 
referring to this opinion, considers it to be a mistake. While searching for Ceuthor- 
rhynchidius daiusoni on the coast near Plymouth, by pulling up and shaking 
Plantago maritima, I found A. orhiculata in some numbers ; the larva was not to be 
seen, but one specimen was found near a pupa^case, from which it had evidently 
recently emerged. It would seem that Kaltenbach is correct as regards Plantago. 
No species of Rhinanthus was to be seen. R. hirsntus is, I believe, not a British 
plant. — E. A. Nbwbert, 12, Churchill Eoad, Dartmouth Park, N.W. : August 
15th, 1905. 

[My own experience with A. orbiculata is that it most frequently comes off 
Nepeta glechoma, especially the short growth of this plant in woodland paths and 
" rides."— J. J. W.] 

Note on the Elater mthiops, Lac, of British collections. — M. H. du Buysson 
in his work on the Elateridie (Faune Gallo-Rhenane, Elat., p. 192), now in course 
of publication in the " Revue d'Entomologie," has pointed out that the Elater 
asthiops of British collections is really referable to E. nigerrimus, Lac., and this 
change will have to be made in our lists. A. sethiops is a larger and duller insect, 
with the prothorax more coarsely and more densely punctate, and distinctly hollowed 
down the middle posteriorly, the elytra less rapidly narrowed from the base, <fec. 
E. nigerrimus has the prothorax somewhat sparsely punctate, with the interspaces 
shining, and the disc scarcely hollowed down the middle posteriorly. E. sethiops 
is mainly found in mountainous districts, in pine, spruce, or larch, thought it is said 
to sometimes attack oak and beech ; I have found it in numbers in the Tyrol, 
Switzerland, and North Italy, in decaying pines and in sawpits, sometimes in com- 
pany with E. nigrinus. E. nigerrimus is found in decaying oaks, and the only 
locality given by Fowler is Windsor Forest ; I have beaten it from oak at Bejar, 
Spain.— G. C. Champion, Horsell, Woking : I7th, 1905. 

1905.] 211 

Abraxas gro-isulariata var. varlet/afa at Huddersfield . — This magnifipent form 
which was first bred at Huddersfield by tlie late Mr. James Varley, so long ago as 
186t, has not been much seen or hoard of for a good many years. Last season, 
however, a working man collected a large quantity of larvre from old gardens, and 
was fortunate enough to breed eleven examples of it. This year the same man, 
and a friend of his, have bred respectively four and fifteen, making thirty specimens 
for the two seasons, i he man who bred the fifteen told me they were the produce 
of some 4000 pupre, the immense majority of moths from which were of course 
quite ordinary, though besides the varleyata there were some other very beautiful 
and remarkable forms. T may add that a number of the varleyata have found 
their way into my own cabinet, and one of them is more nearly a black specimen 
than any I have ever seen, as the white streak near the base is exceptionally narrow, 
and d'^es no^ extend through the wings as is usual in the variety. — G-EO. T. PoREiTT, 
Edgerton, Huddersfield : August ith, 1905. 

Dichrorampha flaindorsana, Knaffg'i,= D. qurpxfionana, Zelter, at Folkestone. — 
On the evening of the 28th July, whilst being wheeled round my garden, I observed 
a number of little Tortrices flying over a clump of Tansy, and, on securing some of 
them, identified them as my D. flaindorsana, a decision in which Mr. Purday 
subsequently agreed. I believe that this once overlooked species will prove to be 
an abundant insect, and also ))robably widely distributed. — H. G-. Knaggs, 
Folkestone : August, 1905. 

Curious dates of emergence. — In August, 1904, I collected at La G-ranja 
(Spain) a few larvae which were common on a beautiful species of Linaria growing 
at some elevation in the woods there. These had a very Cucullia-Mke aspect, and are 
very close to the figures of C. casta, Borkh. These duly produced moths that are not 
Calophasia platyptera, Esp., but are very close to, if not identical with, C. hamifera, 
Stgr., and are probably a local race of that species. The interesting point, however, 
is, that four specimens emerged a few weeks after I got home, some six or eight in 
May and June, 1905, when three remaining pup^ looked quite undeveloped, and 
prepared to remain longer as pupae. Of these three, however, two have just 
emerged, August 12th and 13th, 190'). The third is alive and well, but evidently 
contemplates spending some further indefinite time as a pupa, probably till May or 
June, 1906. What seems curious is, that with delayed emergences like this, there 
should be in both the first and second year an attempt to produce a second brood 
or emergence, the progeny of which would certainly at La Granja not succeed in 
reaching full larval growth before winter set in, the insect being one that hibernates 
as a pupa, and is probably quite incapable of passing the winter as a larva. I have 
placed specimens in the Natui'al History Museum, — T. \. Chapman, Betula, Reigate : 
August \Mh, 1905. 

Formica fusca, race gagates, in the Neto Forest. — When collecting in the New 
Forest this July, a friend called my attention to a peculiarly shaped ants' nest in 
Matley Bog. In the part in which it was situated the ground was covered with 

212 LSoptember, 

tussock grass, each tussock forming a little hillock from one to two feet high, the 
ground between and below tiie tussocks being wet and mossy. On the top of one 
of these tussocks was a nest, in the shape of a cone, composed of very small bits of 
dried grass. It was about 9 inches high, and 4—5 inches wide at the base, the 
whole supported by the blades of tussock grass on the sides, while some of the 
blades sprang out from the top, forming a sort of pillar in the middle of the nest. 

The ants looked like ordinary Formica fusca, but were slightly smaller and 
much more shining. 

Mr. Saurders, to whom I submitted them, considers them to belong to the race 
gagates of F. fusca. I think it is probable that the peculiar shape of the nest may 
have been due to the nature of the surroundings, as the ants could not build except 
on the tops of the hillocks, and in wet weather these would form so many islands 
in a miniature lake. — G-. Arnold, Royal College of Science, South Kensington : 
August^ 1905. 

[This form of Formica fusca is an interesting one, as it is certainly rare in 
Britain ; it is identical with the form which I considered to belong to the race 
gagatex in my " Hymenoptera Aculeata," and which the Rev. W. Farren White 
described as a new species under the name glahra in " Ants and their Ways." 
I sent two of Mr. Arnold's specimens to Prof. Forel for his opinion, aud he returns 
them as F. fusca race gagates " une peu fuscoide." — E. Saunders.] 

Hgmenopfera and Hemiptera in the Mendips. — From June 22nd to July 13th 
I collected at Glastonbury and Winscombe. The weather was brilliant and every- 
thing seemed to be in a mood which one would have thought most attractive to the 
Aculeate Hgmenoptera ; but although I was constantly searching the most favour- 
able localities I found practically nothing worth recording. A single Agenia 
variegata g, Crabro capitosus 1 ?, 2 Passalaecus monilicornis, a few Odynerus 
melanocephahis, and 1 SteHs aterrima were the only species not actually common. 
Not only were the number of species few, but even individuals of common ones 
were scarce. On one occasion, about noon of the 5th July, I searched a bank 
facing nearly due south, unusually gay with flowering plants such as ought to 
attract any respectable bee, amongst them being the following : Ranunculus, 
Selianthemum , Hypericum, Medicago ItipuUna, Trifolium pratense, Lotus, Poten- 
tilla, Agrimonia, Heracleum, Daucus, Galium verum, Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, 
Achillea, Senecio, Centaurea, Hypochceris, Crepis, Lapsana, and Prunella, all in 
abundance; notwithstanding this combination of flowers, a few Bombus agrorum^ , 
Apix, and one Halichis leucozonius ? , were the only visible Aculeates. 

No doubt the nature of the soil (limestone) is unfavoui-able to Hymenoptera, 
but I do not remember a similar experience anywhere. 

Hemiptera were represented by one or two better species, Macrocoleus hortu- 
lanus and Asciodema fieberi being the best, the former common on Helianthemum 
flowers and the latter rather rare on Ulmus montanus. Heterocordylus unicolor 
swarmed on Genista tinetoria in several localities. — Edward Saunders, St. Ann's, 
Woking : August \st, 1905. 

1905.] • 213 

Psocidx at Wolclng. — In September, 1903, tlie late Mr. McLachlan asked me 
to collect Psocids for hiin when I was at Margate, and gave a list of the few species 
I captured in the October number of this Magazine for that year. This gave me 
an interest in these minute creatures, and I have continued to collect them since. 
In the neighbourhood of Woking I have found several interesting species, so I give 
below a list of those that have occurred so far: — 

Psoctis morio, Ltr., not uncommon on poplar trunks, very shy, and runs quickly 
and hides in the crevices, refusing to jump, and is most difficult to catch. July — 

Psocus quadrimaculatus, Ltr., very common on palings beneath trees, and also 
on spruce firs. July -October. 

Psocus bipunctatus, L., four females on poplar trunks, 12.viii.04. I am 
indebted to Mr. Morton and Mr. King for assistance in identifying this species, 
which puzzled me. 

Psocus bifasciatus, Ltr., on spruce and other firs. July — August. 

Psocus fasciatus, F., on poplar trunks. June. This species jumps backwards 
if the ends of its wings are touched. 

Psocus variegatus, F., in the same localities as the preceding, but occurs later 
in the season. July — October. It is now fairly common in my garden, August 1st, 
whereas I have not seen a fasciatus since June. 

Stenopsocus immaculatus, Steph.,on various trees and shrubs, common. June — 

Stenopsocus cruciatus. L., common on various trees and shrubs. June — 

Cxci/ius flavidus, Steph., common by beating, occurs on various trees through 
the season. 

Cxcilius {ohsoletiis group), two or three species? on firs, &c., but so far 
I have not mastered the characters of this obscure section, and want more fresh 
examples to help me in so doing. 

Cxcilius pedicularius, L., not uncommon on various trees. 

Cxcilius dalii, McL, Holly near Chobham, ll.vii.04. 

Peripsocus alhoguttatus, Dhlb., on mint in my garden, lS.viii.04. 

Peripsocus phceopterus, Steph., common on all sorts of trees and shrubs 
throughout the season. 

Ectopsocus briggsi, McL., common in many localities by beating, and among 
dead leaves, &c. 

Elipsocus unipunctatus, Miill., common on various trees. July —October. 
Elipsocus westwoodii, McL., not uncommon on firs, &c. 

Elipsocus hyalinus, Steph., not uncommon on firs, &c. 

Elipsocus fiaviceps, Steph., not uncommon on firs, &c. 

Elipsocus cyanops, Host., not uncommon on larclies. July — August. 

Clothilla picea, Motsch., I have seen this species once or twice in my house. 
Atropos divinatoria, Miill., common in old insect boxes, &c. 
— Edwabd Saunders, St. Ann's, Woking : August \st, 1905. 

214! [September, 

Nole on Ledra aurita. — As this Hoinoptcron is not often rccorcled, a notice 
of its capture on bracken at Ljclfortl, on August 12th, by Mrs. Glyde, of 
Statsford, may be interesting to the readers of this Magazine. Curtis figures it on 
plate 676 of liis " British Entomology," and remarks : " Whether tliese insects live in 
their early stages in the frothy secretions that envelop those of kindred genera 
I am ignorant, being unacquainted with their ceconomy." 

I have taken this insect in an immature condition several times; in the larva 
stage hibernating in moss at the end of November, at the foot of an old oak, and in 
May, in the pupa stage, from the branches of tlie oak by beating. — G-. C. Bignell, 
^aXiAiih: August lUh,\dO?>. 

On Cimbex connafa, Schr. — On August 2Sth, 190), I was so fortunate as to 
beat from fully grown alder trees in a bog in the centre of Cutler's Wood at 
Freston, in Suffolk, a very large Tenthredinid larva, such as I had never before 
met with. 

The Larva was of a beautiful bright green, about two inches in length, with 
a glabrous head, distinctly scabrous body with warty tubercles above the six true 
legs, which were extended in so lateral a manner as to allow the coxeb to nearly 
touch the surface upon which it walked. The grip is so tenacious that it is quite 
impossible to dislodge it (consequently it rarely falls to the beating stick), and 
copious clouds of tobacco smoke failed to affect it in the remotest degree. When 
first touched brilliant green drops of liquid were exuded, like emeralds, from the 
anterior spiracles ; and these, upon further provocation, were squirted in all direc- 
tions to a distance of six or eight inches (reminding one of Formica rufa). It fed 
upon alder leaves, supporting itself by twining its anal extremity around the edge 
oP the leaf, till September 5th, when I found it had spun a cocoon within a leaf 
which was lightly attached to the bottom of its cage. 

The Cocoon is quite unmixed with foreign matter (unlike that of C. femorata 
with which earth particles are mingled), and at first is bright golden in colour, but 
in a few hours it becomes of a very distinct reddish type ; it is semitranslucent, 
very tough (though far less so than that of the hedge Trichiosoma) and cylindrical 
with the extremities subtruncate, somewhat compressed laterally — the roundness 
depending probably upon the contour of the enveloping leaf— with a somewhat 
smooth and very dull surface, pressed so closely to the envelope as to show the 
impressions of the mid- and lateral-ribs of the leaf, to which it is attached only by 
a few frail strands at either extremity and easily disengaged. Its length is 24 mm. 

Within the cocoon is quite smooth and glittering, with the larval skin, which 
is not entirely thrown off by the pupa, packed, together with the pupal envelope, 
in the anal extremity. Between the cocoon and its encircling leaf is a single pellet 
of frass. Doubtless the cocoon lies within the leaf, among other withei'ed leaves 
the whole winter. 

From this cocoon a ? Cimbex connata, Schr., issued early in the morning of 
July 11th, 1905. In emerging the imago entirely removes the operculum by severing 
the tissue with its powerful jaws. 

This species has not before been noted in Suffolk, though there is an example 

1905.] 215 

of C. lutea, L., in the late Mr. Alfred Beaumont's collection which was taken near 
Bury St. Edmunds some fifty years ago by the Rev. A. H. Wratislaw ; Paget found 
the larvse of C. .vj/^warMw, Fab., commonly on birch in Lound Wood before 183 1 : 
and in 1900 Mr E. J. G. Sparke bred C. femorata from a cocoon which he dug at 
the base of a tree near Bury St. Edmunds.— Claude Mokley, The Hill House, 
Monks Soham, Suffolk : August, 19o5. 


Thomas William Daltri/, M.A., F.L.S.—We much regret to have to record 
the death of the Rev. T. W. Daltry, which event occurred so long ago as June 4th, 
1904. Born at Hull on June 7th, 1832, he was educated at Sedbergh Grammar 
School, and at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1855 he was appointed to his first 
curacy at Petworth, subsequently becoming curate to his father at Madeley, 
Staffordshire, in 1861. This curacy he held for eighteen years, when, on the death 
of his father, the Rev. J. W. Daltry, who had been vicar of the parish for forty-six 
years, he was, on the practically unanimous requisition of the parishioner?, appointed 
vicar, and held the living for twenty-five years, making a total of forty-three years 
as curate and vicar, and seventy-one years for the father and son together. For 
many years he was well known as an ardent Lepidopterist, and had an intimate 
knowledge of our native species. He almost always spent his summer holidays 
collecting in one or other of our well-known entomological localitie.=, and it was the 
privilege of the writer to join him on many of these outings, notably in the New 
Forest, Sherwood Forest, Wicken Fen, Abbot's Wood, Barnwell Wold, &e., where 
his geniality and enthusiasm were most exhilarating. But it was as Secretary of 
the North Staffordshire Naturalists' Field Club that Daltry was best and most 
widely known. The Club was founded in 1865, and on March 2.Srd, 1866, Daltry 
was appointed its Secretary, an office which he held continuously up to the time of 
his death, a period of thirty-eight years, probably the longest time in which an 
honorary secretaryship of any scientific society was ever held by one person. His 
interest in the Club was unbounded, and it is safe to say that its great success was 
attributable to his devotion and business-like management. He was President of 
the Club for three years (in 1879, 1899, and 1900), but was not allowed to relinquish 
the secretaryship even during the years of his presidency. He was also Chairman 
of the Entomological section of the Club from its foundation to his death. The 
appreciation of his work was shown in the fact that in 1893 he had the gratification 
of being the first to receive the tribute of honour which the Club had to bestow 
upon its Members in the Garner Memorial Silver Medal. His most important 
published Entomological work was probably the " List of the Lepidoptera of North 
Staffordshire," but many notes on Lepidoptera from his pen appeared in the 
Transactions of the North Staffordshire Club, as well as in the Entomological 
journals. He was elected a Fellow of the Linnean Society in 1875, and of the 
Entomological Society of London in 1887. — G. T. P. 

T 2 

216 (September, 



As Sydney is the bead- quarters of the Australian Squadron, I 
had, during the long period — nearly four years in all — in v\'hich I was 
attached to H.M.S. " Ringarooma," frequent opportunities of collect- 
ing and studying the insect fauna of the district surrounding this 
great city. In the course of the ship's commission, we were at 
Sydney at one time or other during every month in the year, and the 
greater part of the early summers of three years, the best season by 
far for collecting, was spent by me in Port Jackson. This enabled 
me — with the assistance of several land friends interested in Ento- 
mology — to amass a very considerable, and I think a fairly representa- 
tive series of the insects of the Sydney district. As usual with me 
the Coleoptera received the greatest share of attention, but several of 
the other Orders were by no means neglected, and in the following 
notes I propose to give some of my collecting experiences in this 
productive and most interesting locality. 

Port Jackson fully deserves its reputation as one of the most 
beautiful and picturesque harbours in the world, as well as probably 
the most secure and commodious of them all. Its entrance, less than 
a mile in width, between wall-like cliffs of horizontally stratified 
sandstone 300 feet high, is especially striking, as also are its bold and 
well-wooded shores and snug little inlets, mainly on the north side. 
Here in many places the " bush " remains nearly in its original con- 
dition, though of late sadly cut into by building operations in a 
rapidly growing suburb. A large extent of wild land, however, is 
fortunately reserved for military purposes, and is thus not likely to 
be interfered with for a long time. The land on the south side of the 
harbour below Sydney is on the whole lower than that opposite, and 
includes a considerable extent of shifting and almost bare sand-hills, 
extending for nearly two miles eastward to the fine ocean beach at 

The city of Sydney is built on undulating ground about six miles 
from the entrance of the harbour, but its suburbs extend for a great 
distance southward and westward, in the latter direction extending 
almost to Parramatta, about twelve miles from the site of the original 
settlement at Sydney Cove — now known as " Circular Quay," and one 
of the busiest landing-places in the world. Still, even within the 
city boundaries there are many fine open spaces and parks ; and the 

1905.1 217 

Botanical Gardens, situated on the soiith side of the harbour on a 
gentle slope facing " Farm Cove " are, if not the most extensive, cer- 
tainly the most flourishing and beautiful that I have ever seen. A 
certain amount of collecting can be done here, and in the adjoining 
" Domain," a fine park over 100 acres in extent, where many of the 
larger Eucalyptus and other trees have been allovi^ed to remain ; and 
a trip of a very few minutes by railway, electric tram, or ferry 
steamer, will land the collector in highly satisfactory ground for an 
afternoon's work. 

The Australian Museum is a noble and commodious building, and 
contains a magnificent representative series of the fauna of the great 
island-continent of Australia, including an excellent collection of its 
insects of all Orders. This latter is, however, far surpassed by the 
splendid collections originally formed by the late Sir W. Macleay, and 
deposited by him in the Museum built by himself, and attached to 
the University of Sydney, under the care of the veteran Australian 
Naturalist, Mr. George Masters. To the unfailing kindness and 
courtesy of this gentleman, whose knowledge of the Australian 
Coleoptera is probably unequalled, I am indebted for invaluable help 
in identifying my numerous captures in this Order. 

Of the localities within easy reach of Sydney, the famous 
" Botany Bay " is within five miles of the city, and its shores offer to 
the collector a large extent of rough bush and swamp land, as well as 
some beautiful beaches of clean white sand. Along the Parramatta 
Eiver there is still a good deal of untouched '' bush " on the north 
shore, which towards the towns of Ryde and Parramatta eives place to 
extensive orchards of orange and other fruit trees. Going farther 
afield, the National Park of New South Wales is only 18 miles to the 
southward of Sydney, and is reached by rail in less than an hour. This 
Park is a Government reserve of 36,000 acres in extent, and consists 
for the most part of dry sandstone uplands about 600 feet above sea- 
level, covered with light " bush " and flowering shrubs, and intersected 
with deep gullies or watercourses in which the growth of timber is 
very fine and varied. The whole of this area has been opened up by 
excellent roads, and forms a greatly needed sanctuary for the too 
rapidly vanishing fauna and flora of New South Wales, which are 
here strictly preserved. The Park may be regarded as the commence- 
ment of the famous " Illawarra District," which farther south consists 
chiefly of a narrow strip of lowland, shut in between the sea and a 
range of very steep densely wooded hills, in parts meriting the name 
of inland cliffs, 1500 to ISOO feet in elevation. The bulk of the trees 

218 [September, 

in the more open ground are the usual Eucalypti or "gum trees," 
which often attain to magnificent dimeiisious ; but in the numerous 
gullies running up ijito the range, especially at Lilyvale and Otford, 
some thirty miles from Sydney, the forest growth is much more varied, 
and of perfectly tropical luxuriance Gigantic fig trees rivalling those 
of the New Hebrides in dimensions, and often loaded with huge 
masses of the ''stag-horn " fern, Platycerium alcicorne, are here mixed 
with other fine broad-leaved trees, in which the beautiful and fragrant 
" Sassafras," Afherosperma moschatum^ holds a conspicuous place ; tree 
ferns of large size are abundant, as well as two exceedingly fine and 
handsome species of palms These are the so-called "cabbage palm." 
Livistona australis, which here forms groves of several acres in extent, 
and was formerly common about Sydney, though very few remain 
there now ; and the still finer and more elegant " Bangalow " (Archon- 
toplioenix cunninf/hami, perhaps better known by its older and more 
easily pronounced name of Senforthia eler/ans), which attains a height 
of 7*' or 80 feet. These [)a]ms add greatly to the tropical appearance 
of the forest, which is so matted together with a profusion of tangled 
vines and creepers reaching to the tops of the tallest trees, as well as 
with our common bramble in great abundance, as to be almost im- 
penetrable. Access to the gullies is only to be obtained by the narrow 
and often exceedingly muddy paths made by the timber-getters, along 
which teams of bullocks haul huge trunks of trees to the saw-mills, 
amid a great deal of highly ]ncturesque language from their drivers. 
The operations of the timber-getters, as well as those of coal mining 
and dairy farming, have greatly marred the appearance of this beautiful 
district, but it stiil remains the most interesting and productive col- 
lecting ground within easy reach of Sydney, and a long day may be 
spent there with pleasure and profit at au}^ time of the year. The 
chief drawback is the presence of land-leeches, larger than those 
encountered by me in Tasmania, which abound in the damp gullies, 
and are of the most bloodthirsty disposition. 

A short distance to the north of Sydney, on the railway to New- 
castle, is another extensive reserve of somewhat similar character to 
the National Park, called " Kurringai Chase ;" and beyond the Hawkes- 
bury River, renowned for the beauty of its scenery, is a large extent 
of splendidly timbered country, in which, at Gosford and Ourimbah 
especially, I have met with great success in collecting. To the west- 
ward the Blue Mountains are within little more than forty miles 
distance in a straight line, but these can hardly be accounted part of 
the Sydney district, and my visits to them may deserve a separate 

1906.] 219 

Sydney enjoys on the whole a very fine and pleasant climate, 
though the heat of the latter part of the summer, when the prevailing 
wind is from the north-east, is often very o])pressive from the damp- 
ness of the atmosphere. Eain falls in refreshing showers throughout 
the year ; the westerly winds in winter are cold and dry, but in 
summer, blowing from the parched and heated plains of the ' desert 
interior, they bring an arid atmosphere laden with excessively fine 
dust, and frequently raise the thermometer well above 100° in the 
shade. These so-called " Brick-fielders " blow for two or three days 
at a time, the temperature continuously rising, but the heat is not as 
trying as might be imagined, owing to the dryness of the air. When 
they subside they are usually succeeded by what is known as a 
" Southerly Buster ;" the wind suddenly springing up from the south 
with great violence, raising dense clouds of dust, and often bringing 
with it a brief thunderstorm and heavy rain ; and it is always accom- 
panied by a remarkable drop in the temperature, often to the extent 
of 35°, or even as much as 40°, in less than an hour. These cold 
southerly gales are very welcome, as they are in most cases followed 
by several days of fine pleasant weather with slowly increasing 
warmth ; but they are very destructive to insect life. The collector 
may, however, take advantage of them by searching at high-water 
mark along the sandy beaches, when numbers of common Coleoptera 
in good condition, and some rare ones now and then among them, may 
be found washed up by the waves, after having succumbed to the 
sudden chill and fallen into the water. 

The larger forms of butterflies are apparectly not very abundant 
near Sydney, though the LycoBnidod and Hesperiidce (which have re- 
ceived much attention from my friend Mr. G. A. VV^aterhouse, a rising 
young Sydney entomologist) are much better represented, and are 
numerous in individuals and species. In the following remarks on 
the Sydney butterflies I confine myself mainly to the species I have 
personally observed. Of the genus Papilio the one most frequently 
observed is the swift-flying P. sarpedon, L., which is commonly seen 
in gardens in the suburbs, and even in the city, from October to 
March. Its larva feeds on the young foliage of the camphor-laurel, 
which is extensively planted as a shade-tree, and thrives remarkably 
well in New South Wales. P. lycaon, Westw., and F. sthenelus, 
MacL, are much less common, the latter, indeed, being quite a rarity 
at Sydney. The orange orchards are frequented by the fine P. 
erechtheus, Don., and the plainly coloured but elegant P. anactus, 
Westw\ ; the former is much more common iu some years than in 

220 September, 1905. 

others, and I saw it but seldom, bat the hitter was usually plentiful 
enough, and its beautiful orange-spotted larva was to be easily found 
on the young leaves of the orange and lemon trees. P. mncleayanus, 
Westw., an insect of most elegant appearance on the wing as well as 
in the cabinet, though sometimes to be seen in suburban gardens, i.s 
more especially an Illawarra butterfly, and may be observed there 
more or less commonly from October, when the first summer bi'ood 
emerges, to as late as the middle of June. I found the curious slug- 
like larva in May, 1903, at Otford, not rarely on the young foliage of 
tbe "Sassafras" tree. So closely does its peculiar pale bright green 
colour assimilate to that of its food-plant, that it was more easily 
found by its strong and very disagreeable scent when disturbed than 
by sight. This scent is totally unlike the pleasant nutmeg-like fra- 
grance of the Sassafras, but resembles that of butyric acid or the smell 
of the little malodorous ants of the genus Cremastogaster. Specimens 
of P. macleayanus bred in confinement are much inferior in brightness 
of colour to those taken at large. 

Daiiais petilia, Stoll , Euplaea corinnn, Macl., and HypoUinnas 
bolina, L., though occurring occasionally near Sydney, seem to be 
always rare there, and I only once saw a. ^ oi H. misippus, F. — now a 
common insect in North Australia and Queensland — on Garden Island 
in the harbour. Anosia plexippus, L. (Danais archippus, F.) is com- 
pletely established here, its first appearance at Sydney, 1 believe, being 
noted about the year 1870. It may now be seen on the wing, more 
or less commonly, on almost every fine day in the year. As its 
natural food-plant, Asclepias curassavica, has apparently not followed 
the butterHy to New South Wales, it finds an etficient substitute in 
another imported weed of the same natural order. This plant, the 
so-called "cotton-weed," Oomphocarpus fruticosus, originally a native 
of Africa and Syria, is not unlike the Asclepias in its growth and 
general properties, but bears white flowers, succeeded by large inflated 
green capsules full of cottony down surrounding the minute seeds. 
It grows commonly in waste places and by roadsides, and the con- 
spicuous larva of Anosia plexippus may often be found on it in 
numbers. For the first time in my long experience of this most 
interesting butterfly, 1 found the larva to be here much infested with 
the larva of a parasitic fly of the family Tachinidce, and often to such 
an extent, especially in the autumn, that I failed to rear more than 
one in a dozen to the perfect state. The butterfly is, as usual in its 
new homes, of the ordinary North American tj^pe, and shows no sign 
of deterioration in the Australian climate, the specimens being often 
very fine and brightly coloured. 

October, 1905. 1 291 


John William Douglas, the son of David Douglas, of Tranent, 
near Edinburgh, was born at Putney on November 15th, 1814. He 
was educated at a private school, remaining there until he w^as 
fifteen, when he sustained a very serious injury, the result of 
a thoughtless practical joke of one of his schoolfellows. He was 
returning home on November 5th with a pocket full of crackers, 
which his schoolfellow set alight ; they exploded and burnt his thigh 
so severely that he had to keep his bed for two years. During this 
time he turned his attention to Botany, drawing the specimens he 
collected with great facility, and becoming so keen on his subject, 
that when convalescent he applied for and obtained employment at 
Kew in order that he might have the benefit of the best botanical 
teachers. He was at Kew only for a few years, as his father, with the 
help of Lady de Grey's influence, obtained for him a situation in the 
Customs House, where he rose to a high position, retiring at the age 
of seventj", after more than fifty years' service. Mr. Gladstone before 
introducing his bill dealing with duties on light wines sent him on 
a continental tour to report on the various grape cultures, and on his 
return personally thanked him, and gave him a special Treasury grant 
of £100. 

The heavy cicatrix formed by his severe burn necessitated 
numerous operations 'throughout his life, and the enforced leisure 
enabled him to gain a proficiency in German and French, which 
proved of extreme value to him, both in his ofiicial and Entomological 

He married in 1843, residing at first at Camberwell, but after- 
wards for many years he lived at Lee and Lewisham. 

He began collecting insects when at Kew, and published his first 
paper in the Entomological Magazine for 1837, entitled, '" Handom 
Thoughts on Entomology." For many years his attention was chiefly 
directed towards the Lepidoptera, although he published papers on 
Coleoptera and other Orders. Most of his early writings on Lepid- 
optera, &c., are to be found in the pages of the Entomologist's 
Weekly Intelligencer, and many of the younger generation of Ento- 

222 [October, 

mologists must look back with gratitude to bis kindness and assist- 
ance. "Tbe World of Insects, a Guide to its Wonders," was 
published in 1850, and he rendered very important assistance in the 
production of Stainton's " Natural History of the Tineina," in which 
his name appears as a coadjutor. Another, and perhaps the work 
by which his name will be best remembered, was published by the 
Ray Society in 1865, "The British Hemiptera, Vol I, Hemiptera- 
Heteroptera.'" In this he was a joint author with the late John 
Scott. It opened the eyes of British Entomologists to the large field 
of little known forms which existed in this interesting Order, and 
Douglas and Scott's "British Hemiptera" will always be regarded as 
a classical work in this country. At the time it was written the 
Hemiptern of Britain were practically unworked, and all flntomo- 
logists owe a great debt of gratitude to the Authors of the " British 
Hemiptera " for the excellent foundation which they laid, and also to 
Dr. Fieber, of Vienna, for the assistance he rendered in determining 
many of the unknown species. Additions and corrections to this 
book were from time to time published in the Entomologist's Monthl}"- 
Magazine, of which he became an Editor in 1874, and to which for 
many years he was a constant contributor. In the early days of the 
Entomological Society he was a very active member. He joined the 
Society in 1845, became a Member of the Council in 1846, Secretary 
from 1849 to 1856, and President in 1801. He retired from the Society 
in 1802, but rejoined it in 1870, continuing as a Fellow to his death. 
The writer of this will always have an affectionate memory of the kind- 
ness of the deceased to himself ; he often had occasion to consult 
him on questions connected with the determination of specimens, and 
alw^ays met with the greatest kindness. On one occasion he borrowed 
the type specimen of a Capsid, the identity of which he had called in 
question, and whilst in his possession, one of his children finding a 
nice looking little box, put some pens into it and shook them up, with 
the natural result that the specimen was broken to atoms. Any one 
can imagine the writer's feelings when he had to go and confess what 
had happened ; but the situation was accepted in the kindest way, 
and without a touch of reproach. For the particulars of the early 
life of the deceased we are indebted to his son, Mr. Charles D. 

It is many years since J. W. Douglas took an active part in 
Entomology, and many of the younger Entomologists of to-day may 
hardly realize how much he did for their Science ; but those who 
knew him feel that another link with the past, and an important one, 
has been broken. — E. S. 

1905.] 223 


A black form of Tetropium has occurred here this summer in 
some numbers, and I take the ])resent opportunity of briefly recording 
the first appearance in this district, so far as T am aware, of any 
member of the genus. 

It will be well to leave the question of its identity open for the 

On comparing my beetle with the two long series of Tetropium 
in the British Museum I remarked that it was different in general 
appearance from these species. A.t the same time, in considera- 
ion of the variation in form, coloration, puctuation, and pubescence, 
to which the different members of the genu.s seem liable, I took 
the nearest description I could find to my insect, a very brief 
one by Ganglbauer (Best. Tab. der Europ. Col.), and sent the beetle 
out to Coleopterists as a Tetropium, nearest to T. castaneum, L., var. 
fulcratum, F. At the same time not feeling satisfied with this, viewed 
in the light of my long series of nearly 200 individuals presenting no 
appreciable variation in their external structure and coloration, and, 
thinking that my beetle might be a different species from any I had 
seen, I referred it to M. Bedel, who informed me that Weise had 
lately described a new species of Tetropium, and that it agreed with 
the specimen I had sent him. I have accordingly communicated with 
Herr Weise. Mr. Atmore's two recorded specimens (Ent. Mo. Mag., 
April, 1904), taken prior to mine, and a hitherto unrecorded specimen, 
taken at Elsfield, Oxfordshire, by Mr. J. J. Walker, shortly after 
mine (June 26th, 1905) appear to me, judging from their external 
structure and coloration, to be identical with the Leighton Buzzard 

Subsequently hearing that Dr. Sharp is engaged in investigating 
the genus, I have placed all my material at his disposal, confident that 
I leave the matter in able hands. I hope, in a forthcoming issue of 
the Magazine, to deal, at some length, with the capture and life history 
of the imago and larva, by which time it seems probable that Dr. 
Sharp will have determined what it is. 

I am indebted to Mr. W. Holland for informing me that my first 
specimen belonged to the genus Tetropium. 

Leighton Buzzard : 

September 12th, 1905. 

V 2 

224 [October, 

[In reference to Mr. Crawshay's note I should like to say that 
great difficulty exists as to the species of Tetropium both in Britain 
and on the continent. T am endeavouring to elucidate this, and should 
like to be able to examine the specimens of the genus that may exist 
in British collections. I have before me specimens of Tetropium taken 
near Manchester in 1865, and I think I can say with a fair confidence 
that we have two, if not three, species in England. Weise has just 
described a T. gahrieli from Switzerland, Germany, &c. Mr. Craw- 
shay's insect is either T. gahrieli, Weise, or a closely allied form. 
If the second alternative prove to be correct I propose to call the 
Leighton form T. crmoshayi. — D. Sharp.] 

[T. gnbrie!i,W ehe (Deutsche ent. Zeitschr., 1905, p. 13(5), from the 
Lower Engadine (Tarasp), Tyrol, and Silesia, is said to differ from T. 
fuscum, P., and T. liiridum, L. (= castaneum, L.), in having the frons 
somewhat convex and not canaliculate. I have taken various speci- 
mens of what I suppose to be T. fuscum in the Engadine (at Guarda, 
near Tarasp) and on the Simplon ; some of these have the frons 
canaliculate, and in others the groove is wanting. — G. C. C.] 


J. Sahlberg [Acta Soc. Pro Pauna et Plora Pennica, xix, 3, pp. 
22, 28 (1900)] separates Bitris T-alhum into two species, B. T-album, 
L, and £. mnrfuJus, Sahib. These two forms occur in Britain, and 
were described by Stephens [Mand., iv, p. 10 (1831)]. They may be 
separated thus : — 

Larger and more elongate, the elytral interstices irregular! j uniseriate- punctate, 
especially towards the suture, the punctures each bearing a rather long, 

coarse, decumbent, whitish hair pilistriata, Steph. 

(= T-album, Sahib., nee Linn.). 
Smaller, more glabrous above, the prothorax a little more transverse, the elytral 
interstices regularly uniseriate-pnnctate, the punctures each bearing a short, 

fine, decumbent, whitish hair T-album, Linn. 

(= atriplicis, Steph., martulus, Sahib.). 

I have seen B. pilistriata from various southern localities, 
Sheppey, Paversham, Arundel, Woking, Wicken, &c., and B. T-alhum 
from Bearstead, Snodland, Oxford, Scarborough, Aviemore, and 
Nethy Bridge, the latter apparently being the most widely dis- 
distributed (Stephens gives near London, Bristol and Suffolk for 

1905.] 225 

B. pilistriatn, and Battersea fields, Hertford, Norfolk, Somerset 
and Crvvmlyii Bog for B. atriplicis). M. Bedel iuforms ine that they 
are sometimes found together in Franco, 5. ^;«7i.s-/r*rt^« alone occurring 
in Algeria. Stephens, it may be noted (Manual, p. 216), subsequently 
treated the larger insect as a " fine " form of B. T-album. His name 
plUstr'mta appears to have been overlooked b}'^ Sahlberg and others, 
and it is not quoted as a synonym in the last European Catalogue. 
The Linnaean description applies better to B. T-albmn than it does to 
B. pilisfriata, and there is no valid reason for transposing the names, 
if the two forms are to be treated as distinct. 

Horsell : August 26th, 1905. 


There are various discrepancies in the published descriptions of 
this species, mainly due to Marsham's work not having been con- 
sulted. Canon Fowler, for instance (Col. British Islands, iv, p. 280), 
says that it has the posterior femora fuscous, vvherea.s in the insect 
described by Marsham, and figured by Stephens, the legs are wholly 
reddish-yellow. Weise, too (Naturg. Ins. Deutsehl., vi, p. 58), makes 
the same mistake, and his variety australis (femoribus posticis rufo- 
flavis),to which all the British specimens I have seen belong, is simply 
typical Z.Jlavicollis. Marsh. The common form on the continent, at 
least in mountainous districts, has the posterior femora black or 
blackish. According to Bedel (Faune Col. Bassin Seine, v, p. 224), 
the two varieties occur together in France ; but this is not always 
the case, as a large number of specimens recently captured by myself 
at Lautaret, Hautes Alpes, as well as many others taken several years 
ago at Mendel, in the Austrian Tyrol, have the hind femora black. 
The number of pale joints at the base of the antennae, again, is 
variable (three in British specimens, as stated by Stephens, four in 
the continental, according to Weise), as is also the shape of the tooth- 
like prominence at the sides of the prothorax, it being sharply denti- 
form in some of the continental examples. Weise describes yet 
another variety, with the elytra reddish-yellow below the shoulders 
(he notes a similar form of Z. subspinosa), but this I have not seen. 
Our British insect, for specimens of which most of us are indebted 
to Mr. Harwood of Colchester, is really very like Z. scutellaris, Suffr., 
but differs from that species in having the head, except in front, and 

226 [October, 

the scutellum black, and the head itself more coarsely and more irre- 
gularly punctate. Z. scutellaris is attached to Populun nigra, and 
should occur in England. Z. ftaoicollis I have only seen on Populus 

Horsell: Augud 2Stk, 1905. 



Two Specimens of this insect were recently sent uie for determi- 
nation by Mr. Alfred Sieh of Chiswick, who (in company with his 
brother, Mr. Leonard Sich) took them in the middle of June near 
Hailsham, in Sussex. It does not seem to have been authentically 
recorded from Britain before, so far as I know ; earlier records were 
based on the species now known as atmoriella. The unicolorous 
species of Argyresthia present difficulties which are probably not yet 
fully understood ; and therefore when visiting Merton Hall, I took 
the opportunity to compare these specimens with Lord Walsingham's 
continental material, and to get his opinion on them. Lord Walsing- 
ham and Mr. J. H. Durrant both agreed with me that they were 
referab'e to the true illuminatella, and their identity may therefore 
be taken as established. 

The species is markedly smaller and more yellowish than atmori- 
ella, but is especially distinguished from it by the much paler hind- 
wings ; ahnoriella feeds on larch, illuminatella on pine (species 
doubtful, or perhaps more than one). Ocnerostoma piniariella, which 
might be confused with it, is abundantly distinct structurally by the 
reduced neuration and shorter palpi, and is greyer. Mr. Sich reports 
that the specimens were beaten from Pinus (spe. ies not ascertained) 
in a wood which also included larch and other trees ; the insect was 
common, but was regarded at the time as being O. piniariella, from 
which, on subsequent examination, he found it to be distinct. 1 hope 
that the discoverer will now complete his interesting record by finding 
the larva and correctly identifyini; the food-plant. 

1 may add that the description in my '" Handbook " is drawn 
from the true illuminatella (not from atmoriella, to which Staudinger 
in his Catalogue refers it), but the localities cited are erroneous. 

Thornhanger, Marlborough : 
August 15th, 1905. 

1905.] 227 


BY W WESCIIB, F.Il.M.S., &c. 

Ill July, 1902, I found a single specimen of the genus Ulidia at 
BircliinL'ton, Kent ; this I placed in my cabinet without identification 
of the species. In August of this year (1905) 1 obtained a number 
on some weeds, w'ilh three pairs in cop., two of which I gave to the 
British Museum, where Mr. E. E. Austen has identified them as 
Ulidia nigripennis, Lw., and where they may be seen in the British 

There are only two species in Mr. Verrall's list, and this will 
make a third. The fact of my finding it twice at an interval of three 
years shows that it is without doubt an established inhabitant of these 
islands, and not a wind blown insect from the continent, and it has 
probably hitherto escaped notice owing to its small size. 

139, Castellain Mansions, 

Maida Vale, W. : 
September Uh, 1905. 



{Continued from page 220). 

The handsome Charaxes sempronius, Fab., one of the finest of 
the Australian butterllies, is said to be at times not rare near Sydney, 
but I never succeeded in taking it, and indeed saw it only once or 
twice. Pyrameis cardui, var. Jcershawi, McCoy, and Junonia vellida, 
Fab., are both very plentiful in waste open places, especially in early 
summer, when P. itea, Fab., is also fairly common, though less so 
than in some other Australian localities that I have visited. Its spiny 
larva may be easily found on the formidable stinging-nettle, TIrtica 
incisa. The Sati/ridce are perhaps more in evidence than any other 
group of butterflies in the Sydney district. Several closely allied 

228 t October, 

small fofuis of the genus Hypocista flit quietly about in shady spots 
in the " bush " throughout the summer, and the larger and more 
boldly marked H. euphemia, Westw., frequents open rocky places. 
Melanitis leda, L., being almost or quite on the soutbern limit of its 
distribution, is but rarely met with, and the little sober-looking 
Ypthima arctous, Fab., though tolerably common, is somewhat local in 
open grassy places. The most conspicuous of the group is the beau- 
tiful brown and fulvous Tisiplione {Epinepltile) aheona, Don., which may 
be found more or less plentifully throughout the summer in damp 
gullies and watercourses where the food-plant of its larva, the "cutting- 
grass," Cladium sp. abounds {cf. Mathew, Trans. Ent. Soc, 1888, p. 141). 
It has a quiet floating flight, and is a very striking object as it sits with 
expanded wings on the bright green Cladiutn. Heteronympha merope, 
Fab., Xenica achanta, Don., and X. Mugii, Guer., are all three abun- 
dant in the "'bush" surrounding Sydney, the first-mentioned appearing 
early in October, though the females may be found in quite good 
condition as late as February, long after the other sex has quite 
disappeared. In the Illawarra district are found the pretty Hetero- 
nyvipha hanksi, Leach, and the very remarkable H. mirijica, Butler, of 
which the male {R. diyglesi, Miskin), so closely resembles, in its brown 
and fulvous coloration, the same sex of H. merope as to be quite in- 
distinguishable from it on the wing ; while the female, broadly banded 
with white on a dark sooty-brown ground-colour, is quite unlike any 
other Australian butterfly. 

Of the numerous " Blues " 1 will here only allude to the beautiful 
genus Ogyris, three or four species of which, including the finest of 
all, O. genoveva, Hew., have been taken in the district by Mr. Water- 
house, but I have only met with one of them, 0. abrota, Westw. ; the 
larvae feed in companies on species of Loranthus growing on high 
Eucalyptus trees. The very pretty silvery-blue lalmenus evagoras, 
Don., is abundant, especially in the National Park, where the larvae 
often strip the twigs of the " black wattle " {Acacia decurrens) quite 
bare, and the pupse may be gathered from the low bushes almost like 
currants. Both larvae and pupse are always attended, and very effi- 
ciently guarded, by multitudes of ants of two or three species (some 
of which bite and sting pretty severely), for the sake of a sticky and 
rather sickly-smelling secretion which they exude (cf. Mathew, Trans. 
Ent. Soc, 1889, p. 153). The darker-coloured I. ictinus, Hew., is less 
common than its congener, but is not rare at Hyde on the Parramatta 
E/iver, and is similarly guarded by ants in its earlier stages, which are 
also passed on the Acacia decurrens. 

1905.] 229 

Among the Pieridw 1 may meiilioii Delias ni(jriiia, Ftib , whicli is 
sometimes not uncommon, but usually flies round the taller trees, too 
high to be readily caught ; the contrast between the white upper 
surface and the richly coloured black, yellow, and st-arlet under-side, 
give the butterfly a very striking aspect on the wing. Belenois Java, 
Sparrm. (teutonia, Fab.) is here by far the most abundant species of 
its family, and may be found plentifully throughout the summer on 
some large bushes of the so-called " Native Orange " {Gapparis nohilis) 
in the Botanical Gardens. In some years this butterfly multiplies to 
an inordinate extent in the interior of New South Wales, and, like 
other species of the group, collects in vast migratory flights. 8uch a 
migration occurred on November 25th, 1903, and several succeeding 
days, when absolute clouds of white butterflies, apparently all of this 
species, were reported from various inland localities, travelling before 
a hot north-west wind ; and thousands were to be seen crossing Port 
Jackson, mostly from north to south. At the National Park on the 
28th it was excessively abundant, and towards evening clusters of 
twenty or thirty, consisting of both sexes in about equal numbers, 
could be seen "camped" under the lee of almost every bush. The 
butterflies had practically all disappeared by the 30th. 

The Heaperiid^e include a good many species, some of considerable 
beauty and interest, and one or two (as Netrocoryne repanda, Feld.) 
of fairly large size. 

As may be expected from so favourable a situation, the moths 
are very numerous in species as well as individuals, but I can here 
allude to only a very few, such as the conspicuous day-flying species 
of Aqarista, one of which, A. glycine, Lewin, is very plentiful and 
sometimes destructive in the larva state to the vines. The larval cases 
of the PsychidcB are of great variety of construction, and are very 
numerous and conspicuous in the " bush " as well as in the gardens, 
where the large cases of the " bag-worm," Metura elongata, Saund., 
sometimes four inches in length, are among the first objects of their 
kind to attract the attention of the new comer. The large and hand- 
some green larva of Anthenea eucalypti, Scott, which reminds one 
forcibly of that of the South European Saturnia pyri, is often common 
on the young gum-trees, and has also adopted as a food-plant the 
South American Schinus molle, extensively planted as a shade tree 
along the suburban roads. One of the most objectionable insects in 
the " bush " is the larva of the Limacodid moth, Doratifera vulnerans, 
Lewin, which is often found in very undesirable profusion on young 

230 [October, 

Eucalyptus foliage in early sunimer. It is a t^tout, bright green, slug- 
like creature varied with yellow, with rose-coloured tubercles, each 
bearing a circular series of motile stiff hairs or spines. The slightest 
touch of these hairs causes a sensation like that of the sting of a 
nettle, only worse, which soon subsides, but remains perceptible for 
sevei-al hours afterwards. 

Another caterpillar possessed of very marked urticating powers 
is the enormous larva of the line Bombycid moth Chelepteryx collesi, 
Gray, which is found, but rather sparingly, on the foliage of Euca- 
h/ptus at Botany Bay and elsewhere. This larva attains to nearly the 
size of that of Acheronfia atropos, and is of a dull dark green colour 
with several bright yellow tubercles on each segment, bearing fascicles 
of stiff reddish hairs, which sting very severely when touched. The 
cocoon, which is not unlike that of Odonestis potatoria on a large 
scale, both in texture and colour, is often found (but usually empty) 
under loose bark, and is also an undesirable object to handle, as the 
stinging hairs of the larva are freely interwoven into its substance. 

Among the Hymenoptera the ants are very much in evidence, es- 
pecially the small evil-smelling species of Crematog aster, which swarm 
under loose bark to the exclusion of more desirable insects, and the 
large and formidable stinging species of the genus Mijrmecia. These 
ants, which are much dreaded and disliked by the inhabitants of New 
South Wales, are known by them under the names of "bulldogs," 
"inchmen " (in allusion to their length), '" jumpers," " soldiers," and 
"joeys ;" the last name being applied especially to the bright red M. 
gulosa, Fab., which is the most fierce and aggressive of them all, and 
is endowed with the most severe and painful sting. It makes large 
subterranean nests in dry sandy places, often at the foot of a particu- 
larly inviting looking bush or tree, and I have more than once been 
very disagreeably surprised by finding a string of these savage 
creatures running up the leg of my trousers, having unwittingly 
put my foot into one of these nests. This ant, as well as the larger 
and stouter, but less active black M. forficata, Fab., and the smaller 
M. pilosula, Sm. (black with bright yellow mandibles), is constantly 
found ranging about a foliage, and all three frequently appear in the 
umbrella while beating, and necessitate a good look-out being kept in 
order to avoid being stung, A large harmless brown species of Cam- 
ponotus^ which lives in strong colonies under logs and loose bark, is 
known as the " sugar-ant," and is the host of the interesting Brenthid 
beetle Cordus hospes, Germ., which is sometimes found in considerable 

19050 231 

numbers in the nest of this species. The numerous Fossores include 
several handsome species of Mutilla, which occur under bark, as well 
as walking about in sandy spots ; and the curious genus Thynnus, so 
characteristic cf the Australian region, is represented in the vicinity 
of ISydney by a very large number of species, which vary enormously 
in size and appearance. Some of the males of the larger forms are 
handsome and conspicuous iusects of somewhat wasp-like appearance, 
which, when caught, go through the motions of stinging with great 
vigour aud persistency, though they are of course perfectly harmless, 
which is by no means the case with the apterous females. These 
iusects frequent Uovvers, especially the attractive blossoms of the 
Anffophora cordifolia (of which shrub i shall have much to say later 
on), and are then almost invariably found paired, the females of some 
of the species being ludicrously small in comparison with their part- 
ners. Allied to these is Dlamma hicolor, Westvv., the female of which 
is perhaps the worst stinging insect found about Sydney, or indeed in 
Australia; it is a creature not unlike a stoutly built wingless ant 
about an inch in length, deep shining chrome-green in colour with 
coral-red legs ; it is occasionally found running actively in hot dry 
places, and requires great caution and dexterity in capture. The 
Angophora blossoms are frequented in their season by several large 
and somewhat formidable looking Hymenoptera of the genera Scolia, 
Ahispa, Priocnemis, &c. ; but these are by no means aggressive, and 
are not to be feared while collecting. Among the Tenthredinidce are 
several species of the curious genus Perga, including several fine and 
highly-coloured iusects ; their larvse are found feeding in companies 
on the foliage of the young gum trees, often stripping the boughs 
quite bare, and when disturbed, raising their heads suddenly all 
together in a very comical way. A small but very beautiful metallic- 
green "carpenter bee," Lestis bombyliformis, Sm., passes its early stages 
in the dry pithy flower-stalks of the quaint "grass trees" {Xan- 
thorrhoea), and the perfect insect may be taken flying about them in 
early summer. 

One of the most striking features of the Entomology of Sydney, 
as soon as the hot weather fairly sets in towards the end of October, 
is the abundance of the Cicadas, or as they are invariably miscalled, 
" locusts." Every suburban garden or cluster of trees then resounds 
with their shrill, and (at times) somewhat annoying stridulation, and 
in some of the wooded gullies the din they make is often positively 
deafening. Comparatively very few of them survive beyond the end 
of January ; in some years, as in 1903 (it is said every third year), 

232 [October, 

they occur in uiuch larger numbers than usual. Their screechnig 
noise can then be heard on board ship anywhere in the harbour, and 
the lower parts of the tree-trunks are crowded with the curious 
horny-looking eni])ty and dry larva-skins from which the perfect 
insects have escaped. In hot weather they are very active, and not 
always easy to secure, flying off the tree-trunks readily when 
approached. Several of the species are of large size, as the green 
Cyclochila australasice, Auiyot, perhaps the commonest of all; the 
reddish-brown Thopha saccata, Auiyot, the '"Double Drumuier " of 
the Sydney boys, so called from the large development of the 
"opercula" on the under-side of the body of the ^ ; and Psaltoda 
moerens, Oerm., whose black body, powdered with small patches of 
white hairs, suggests its popular name of " The Floury Miller." The 
sweet and rather pleasantly-flavoured white secretion, much appreciated 
by the boys under the name of " manna," is produced by much smaller 
insects of the order Homoptera {Eurijmela spp.), rather gaily marked 
with deep madder-brown, red, and white, which live in companies in 
all stages of development on the young shoots of the Eucalyptus 
shrubs. The Hemiptera are very numerously represented in species, 
aud include some very curious and handsome forms, but few, if any, 
of large size ; the most singular of all being Ptilocnemis lemur, a 
small brown and fulvous Coreid bug found not rarely under loose dry 
bark, with the largely developed hind tibiae furnished with a dense 
growth of hair, so as to resemble a bottle-brush. Several active and 
brightly-coloured Eeduviids are met with in the same situation, as 
well as under stones, and some of them are able to give a severe and 
painful bite if handled without due caution. A fine Ranatra occurs 
in stagnant pools, and a species of Halohates is said to be found not 
rarely on the surface of the water in some of the quiet upper reaches 
of the harbour, but I never had an opportunity of looking for it. 

By shaking out the dry leafy branches of Eucalyptus, lying on 
the ground in bushy places — a very productive method of collecting, 
especially as regards Coleoptera — a i^elatively enormous Thysanopod, 
Idolothrips spectrum, Haliday (the life-history of which has been ably 
worked out by my friend Mr. W. W. Froggatt, the Government 
Entomologist of New South Wales),* may often be obtained in large 
numbers. Very few, if any, Termite mounds of any size are to be 
seen near Sydney, but a small species of Termes (lactis, Froggatt) 
infests nearly every not absolutely fresh log or stump in the bush ; 

* Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales, 1904, yy. 54 et seq. 

i»05.] 233 

it is also exceedingly destructive to the woodwork of buildings in the 
subui'bs of Sydney, and has at times wrought great damage in the 
city itself. Mosquitoes and other Diptera, while sufficiently numerous 
and annoying, do not constitute so great a pest as in the more tropical 
regions of Australia, though the " sand-flies " in the National Park 
are particularly venomous, as I have more than once found to my 
cost. The Neuropfera and Orthoptern abound in species and indi- 
viduals, but do not call for further remark, except perhaps the rare 
and beautiful species of Psi/chopsis in the first-named Order ; and 
a noticeable feature of the Entomology of the " bush " is the abund- 
ance of large forms of Bin f tides (Panesthia, Poli/zosferia, &c.). 
These are found under dead leafy boughs, stones, and logs, and 
especially in decayed wood, which they reduce to a loose fibrous 
state ; nearly all of them emit a very disagreeable odour, and a 
species of the last-mentioned genus (I believe P. ferruffinea,\V Si\k.) 
is certainly the most evil-smelling insect that I have ever encountered. 
It is an apterous species about the size of our familiar kitchen 
cockroach, of a rich glossy reddish-chestnut colour ; and when it is 
revealed by turning up a log, it disdains to run away, but, like the 
skunk, elevates its hinder end from which it protrudes two bright 
orange-coloured vesicles, and emits an intolerably rank and pene- 
trating odour that can be easily perceived at a distance of three or 
four yards. For my part, I could never summon up enough resolution 
to handle so repulsive a creature. 

Some very pretty species of ForficuUdce occur under bark, and 
a large pallid earwig with largely developed forceps, very nearly allied 
to our Lahidura riparia, L., if indeed not a form of that insect, is 
common in sandy places near the shore. The giant of the tribe, 
Anisolabis colossm, De Borm., is not uncommon under damp logs in 
the Tllawarra district. Adult examples vary much in size, the largest 
specimens sometimes exceeding two inches in length. When dis- 
turbed it turns up its tail in a very threatening manner, and it can 
give so severe a pinch with its anal forceps as to break the skin of 
the finger and draw blood. The bushmen seem to regard it with 
much dread, evidently looking on it as a kind of scorpion. Our 
familiar Forficula auricularia, L., does not appear to have reached the 
Sydney district, at any rate I have never seen it there, though it is 
abundant and fully naturalized at Hobart and other places in 


{To be continued). 

234 [October, 

Lsemosthenes complaHatua, Dej., Sfc, in the Isle of Sheppey. — During a visit 
to the Isle of Slioppey in August I was induced to examine a very large heap of 
decayed and condemned sacks from the Sheppey G-lue and Chemical Works, piled 
up in an adjoining field. Here I was able to find all the Coleoptera, &c., hitherto 
met with in the buildings, under vastly more pleasant conditions of working than in 
the gloom and reeking atmosj^here of the " bone-house " ; and several additional 
insects, evidently associated with the works, were found for the first time. The 
most interesting of these, Lpsmosthenes complanatus, Dej., was very plentiful, mostly 
hiding between the loose sacks on tlie sides of the heap, and running off very 
actively when disturbed. This Carabid, which is in all probability indebted to 
commerce for its very wide distribution, has been observed by iiie at such widely 
separated localities as Gibraltar, Valparaiso (Chile), and Port Adelaide (South 
Australia) ; and in New Zealand it occurs in abundance in the neighbourhood of 
all the ports that I have visited. The usual Dermesles vulpinux, Necrobia ruji- 
collis, rufipes, and violacea, and Alphitobius diaperinus were in great numbers 
under the sacks at the base of the heap, especially those which retained traces of 
grease, and in this situation I met with the following : Oligota infiata, common ; 
Quedius fulgidus, common, varying much in size and development, with a few of 
the var. ? mesonielinus ; Philonihus seneus, varius, and other common species j 
Dendrophilus pnnciatus and Carcinops \A-striata in large numbers, and Ulster 
carbonarius and \2i-striatus, Qnathoncus nannetensis, and Acintus mimitus, more 
sparingly: Omosita colon and disco'dea, Monotonia xpinicollL'!, ritfa, and subquadri- 
foveolata, the last-menlJoned species found in plenty by shaking the sacks over paper; 
Trogosita mauritatiica, Dermestes lardarius, Atomaria w«H(/a, and Tribolkim ferru- 
fflneum, sparingly, and Trox scaber, abundant. The two special earwigs Apterygida 
arachi.dis, Yers., and Anlsolabis annulipefi, Lucas, were also present, the former as 
usual in large numbers. 

Under clods, pieces of wood, &c., in a clay-pit near at hand, I obtained a fine 
and varied series of Anisodactylus poeciloides, a beetle I had quite lost sight of in 
the Isle of Sheppey since 1874 

Another interesting " find" to me was the beautiful larva of Cucullia asteris, 
which occurred commonly on Aster tripoUum in the salt marsh not far from 
Sheerness — a spot which I have known intimately for more than forty years, but 
where I have never before seen the moth in any stage. 

Neither Colias edusa nor C. hyale put in an appearance during my visit, though 
I had expected to see the former species at any rate, as it was observed by my 
friend, Mr. A. IT. Ilamm, near Oxford on June 2oth, and by myself (a large worn 
example of the ? var. helice), on the chalk downs at Streatley, Berks, on July 3rd. — 
James J. Walkee, Aorangi, Lonsdale Road, Summertown, Oxford: Sept. l^th, 1905. 

Malachius vulneratus, Ab., in Sheppey. — Of this species, recently added to the 
list of British Coleoptera, there are three specimens in the Power Collection taken 
by Dr. Power at Sheerness on June 11th, 1859. — EiiWAED A. Waterhouse, 6, 
Avenue Gardens, Acton : August 2\st, 19u5. 

1905.] 235 

[M. Bedel, to wliom I jim inclebted for speeimcns of both sexes, lias recently 
found this species in abundance at Itteviile (Seine-et-Oise), France, at the end of 
May, upon small rusiies : cf. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr., 1905, p. 176. — G. C. C] 

Coleoptera in the Neio Forest, Sfc. — In the New Forest, from April 23rd to 
28th, I met with the following : — Elater lythropterus, in numbers, beech logs ; E. 
pomonse, in small oak logs on ground (9) ; TS. elongatulus (1) ; 3Iesosa nubila (6), 
with E. pomonse ; Cqrtotriplax hipustuJata, in fungoid growth on fallen logs. In the 
same locality, on June 12th, 13th, and 14th, a friend, Mr. G. F. Zimmer, obtained, 
chiefly by beating hawthorn bloom already going over and turning brown, sixteen 
species of Longicornes, including CalUdimn alni (1), C. varidbile (1), C. violaceum 
(2), G rammoptera prxusta,^ . (1), Clytus mysticus (1&), and var. hieroglyphica, Hbst. 
(1), Mesosa nubila (3), Leptura sctitellata (2), Polgopsia prxusta (4), also Ischno- 
mera caerulea (2) and /. sanguinicoUis (1). 

In September, on the banks of the Wye near Ross I took a fine series of 
Opilo mollis from a dead willow.* — G-tty S. Whitaker, 116, Trinity Road, S.W. : 
September, 1905. 

Recent Captures of Coleoptera.— Phi/tnsus nigriventris, Chev. I took two or 
three examples of this species on the sandhills at the moufh of Poole Harbour, in 
April, in company with P. balticus, Kr. 

Qnorimus nohilif!, L. I took three examples of this in June on the flower 
heads of a large Umbellifer at Mathow, in Ilerefoi-dshire, and saw others on the 

Ceuthorrhijnchus viduatus, Gyll. One specimen, by sweeping on banks of river 
at Upton-on-Severn, in July. Bembidium adustum, Schaum, was extremely plenti- 
ful on the same date.— J. R. le B. Tomlin, Chester: August, 1905. 

Myelophila crihrella on the Kentish Rag, near Ashford. — I have always 
associated this insect with the Thames littoral, and records of its occurrence else- 
where seem very few. 

The capture of a specimen in July, 1904, on Hothfield Common, some three 
miles to the west of this town, came as a surprise to me, and set me hunting for the 
larva this last spring, when it was not only found there, but in several places to the 
east and south of the town — indeed, in almost any waste place on drift sand where 
the common spear thistles, Cniciis lanceolatus, were left undisturbed {Onopordon 
acanthium, which is said to be its usual food plant does not seem to occur here). 
The furthest locality to the west yet examined was near Lenham, about eleven 
miles off, where it occurred freely, so that one cannot help thinking it might be 
found in similar places further up the county, or even into Surrey. The publication 
of this note may lead to its turning up in other inland districts where it may be as 

* This insect was found in the old holes of Lyctus canalicuhUus (?), which is interesting in 
reference to Mr. Champion's note on my capture of Turtostenus umviitatus (Ent. Mo. Mag., 
vol. xxxvii, p. 300). 

236 [October, 

little expected as it was in this neighbourhood.— W. R. Jeffrey, Ashford : 
September llth, IOCS. 

[JIf. cribrella is now known to occur in many inland localities. Barrett gives 
eleven counties for its distribution in Britain, sis of which are inland. — G. T. P.] 

Lophosia fasciata, Mg., in the New Forest. — On July 25th I again took in my 
garden at Lyndhurst a specimen of this rare Dipleron, whicli I have not seen since 
taking tlie three examples recorded in vol. xxxvii, page 212, of this Magazine. — 
F. C. Adams, 50, Ashley Gardens, S.W. : September, 19U5. 

Abundance of Lociista viridissima, tfv., at Deal. — During the last fortnight in 
August this year I noticed a great abundance of the fine grasshopper, Locusta viridis- 
sima at Deal. On the rank vegetation growing on both sides of the well known broad 
ditch on the sandhills, nearly opposite the coastguard station, it was especially 
plentiful, and alinost every night probably a hundred specimens might easily have 
been picked off the thistles and other vegetation. In the day-time they were much 
more difficult to see, as they usually dropped to the bottom of the thick hei'bage on 
the least alarm, but with the aid of a lamp at night could be picked off without 
any trouble. Near the ditch, too, the local Xi2}hidium dorsale occurred, and on the 
drier parts of the sandhills Stenohothrus elegans was plentiful. 

In Folkestone Warren Stenobothrus lineatu^ and Gomphocerus rufipes were 
taken, but were not observed elsewhere. In the Warren, too, Platycleis grisea was 
fairly common, but I saw nothing of Thamnotrizon cinerea, which in 1888 I found 
of frequent occurrence there. Tlie various common species of Stenobothrus were as 
usual abundant all over the district. — Geo. T. Porritt, Edgerton, Huddersfield : 
September '7th, 1905. 

Note on the Heteropterous genus Euloba, Westioood. — ^The genus Euloba, 
Westwood, type M. pallida, Westw. (Thesaurus Entomologicus Oxoniensis, p. 191, 
t. 3G, figg. 4, Aa, b (187'1)] = PhyUotingis, Walker, type P. arida, Walk. [Cat. 
Hemipt.-Heteropt. vii, p. 3 (1873)], was omitted from Scudder's " Nomenclator," 
and in the " Index Zoologicus," published by the Zoological Society of London 
(1902), it was incorrectly ascribed to Uhler, on the authority of Bergroth. 
Lethierry and Severin, too, omitted the reference to Westwood in their Catalogue 
(1896), also ascribing it to Uhler, who simply used the name Euloba pallida in his 
contribution to Kingsley's " Standard Natural History." The same mistake was 
made by myself in the " Biologia Centrali-Americana," Rhynchota, ii, p. 68 (1898), 
following Lethierry and Severin. As the name Euloba must be dropped as a 
synonym of PhyUotingis (the descriptions of Walker and Westwood having been 
made from the same insect from Ega in the British Museum), and the species itself 
having been previously named by Haglund, it is perhaps hardly necessary to call 
attention to the matter. I only note it to show how easily a generic description 
may be overlooked, even when accompanied by excellent figures, and published in a 
well known work. — G. C. Champion, Horsell, Woking : September lUh, 1905. 

1906.] 237 

Entomologen-Addeessbuch. The Entomologists' DrEECTORY. Annuaiee 
DES Entomologistes. W. Junk, Berlin, 1905. 

This useful publication contains the addresses of about nine thousand entomo- 
logists, arranged under their different countries, and in most cases the jiarticular 
branch of entomology in which individuals are interested is mentioned ; the book is 
well and clearly printed, and evidently great pains have been taken to secure its 
accuracy ; there is also a complete index ; the size is large 8vo, and the work, with 
the index, occupies about 300 pages. G-ermany comes first in point of numbers 
with 2219 entomologists, the United States next with 1323, and Great Britain next 
with 1252 ; and so these three countries contain about as many as the whole of the 
rest of the world put together. 

Since receiving the book we have found it of considerable use, and we strongly 
recommend it to all who are working at foreign insects, as they can see at a glance 
the workers at their particular subject in any country. The price is five francs, and 
it is well worth tlie money. 

W. Johnson. — It is with much regret that I have to announce the death jn his 
90th year of my venerable and ralued friend Mr. W. Johnson, who passed away on 
August 6th at his residence at Wigan. 

About fifty or sixty yeai's ago there existed in Lancashire and Cheshire a well 
known and enthusiastic band of Entomologists, among whom were W. Johnson, 
Nicholas and Benjamin Cooke, C. S. Gregson, N. Greening, J. B. Hodgkinson, &c. 
Mr. Johnson was one of the eleven who met at my house on February 24th, 1877, 
when the Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society was founded. He always 
took a deep interest in the Society, and was a regular attendant at the meetings ; 
and on his removal to Wigan in 1899 he was appointed an Honorary Member. 
Mr. Johnson was thorough in everything he undertook. I believe he was for thirty 
years in the engineering department of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Board, and 
since his retirement his services have been recognised by a pension. Mr. Johnson 
leaves behind him a collection of Lepidoptera, which is now for sale. Among a 
number of interesting specimens is one of Eromene ocellea, which is one of the 
three recorded by Mr. C. G. Barrett, as captured near Liverpool, and I believe was 
taken by himself.— Samuel J. Cappee. 

238 [October, 

The South London Entomological and Natural History Society : 
Thursday, July \Wi, 1905.— Mr. ITuon Main, B.Sc, President, in the Chair. 

Mr. Joy exhibited larvae of ThecJa ruin feeding on the berries of buckthorn. 
He had also found them feeding on the huds of bramble and dogwood. They made 
holes to extract the contents. Mr. Stonell, an Abraxas syloata (ulmata) taken 
recently in the Clapham Road. Mr. Sich, the ova of Coleophora gryphipennella on 
a rose leaf. It was an upright egg, and ahundantly supplied with gum. Mr. Main, 
living larvae of Papilio machaon at different ages; and also an old stem of an 
Umbellifer, containing cells of a species of "carpenter bee." Mr. Step distributed 
copies of the phofograjjh of the members who attended the Field Meeting at Seal 
Chart on May 27th. 

July 21th, 1905.— Tlie President in the Chair. 

Mr. Carr exhibited the larvae of Epione adiienaria from Seal. Mr. Stonell 
a putty coloured larva of Odontopera hidentata from Yorkshire ; and reported that 
he had taken a fair number of Cuenohia rufa at Worcester Park. Mr. Main, 
a photograph of a woodcock's nest, taken in the New Forest; and also a photo- 
graph of a colony of the larvaj of Eugonia polycliloros in the New Forest, from 
which he had already bred more than sixty imagines. Mr. Noad Clark, photo- 
graphs of (1) the ova Coleophora gryphipennella on leaves of rose, (2) a much- 
magnified photograph of the micropyle of the same, and (3) the ova of .'Egeria 
chrysMiformis. Mr. Sich said that tlie larva of C. gryphipennella was at first 
a true miner, boring direct from the base of the ovum into the leaf. 

August 10th, 1905. The President in the Chair. 

Mr. Main exhibited the larvae of Hadena contigua, from ova laid by a New 
Forest ? . The colour variation was extreme. Mr. Sich, living larvte of (1) Ni- 
soniades tages, and (2) Syrichthus maJvce, both feeding well on garden strawberry. 
They fed at night and retired in the day time into " tents " of leaves loosely spun 
together. The former hibernated as a larva, the latter as a pupa. Mr. West 
(Greenwich), two very local species of Hemiptera taken at Yarmouth in July ; 
Gnathoconus picipes at roots of violets, and Chorosoma schillingi on Marram grass. 
Mr. Turner, (1) a species of (Edipoda which was very common at Gavarnie in the 
Hautes Pyrenees, and (2) a living specimen of Locusta vlridissima taken by him at 
the sanie place. A discussion took place as to the habits of the latter species, and 
it was considered to be carnivorous rather than vegetarian in its diet. Mr. R. Adkin 
read a short note from Mr. Kirkaldy on " The Entomology of the Lowlands of 
Oahu (Hawaiian Islands)." — Hy. J. Turner, Hon. Secretary. 

1905.] 239 


During the past few months I have made a detailed study of the 
genus Hydrofcea, with the double object of ascertaining what species 
undoubtedly occur in our islands, and of writing full and original 
descriptions of such species, paying especial attention to the chsetotaxy 
of the legs, a subject which has hitherto been much neglected, es- 
pecially as regards the female sex. At the outset I made an appeal 
in this and other journals for the loan of material, and was favoured 
with a most generous response, receiving many hundi'eds of specimens, 
most of them in beautiful condition. I had thus tlie advantage of 
examining an unusually complete representation of the genus, and have 
accordingly prepared a detailed account of our native species, with 
drawings of the legs in nearly every case. As the length of such a 
paper, however, would preclude its publication in a monthly magazine, 
I have deemed it advisable to publish without further delay a short 
preliminary account of the genus, limiting myself to the essential 
characters only of each species, and reserving the fuller details for 
some later publication, which may possibly take book form. 

Throughout the work I have been largely dependent upon the 
very valuable Monograph published by Herr P. Stein in 1903, entitled 
" Die europaischen Arten der Gattung HydrotcBa, Rob.-Desv." (Ver- 
handl. der k. k. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 1903, pp. 285-337), and although 
all the descriptions I have written (with the exception of the females 
of three species) are original and drawn up from specimens actually 
examined by me, yet in the construction of the keys and in the identi- 
fication of doubtful specimens I have derived invaluable hints from 
Herr Stein's paper. At the same time I have described the females 
of three species which were previously unknown, while that of one 
species (if. cinerea, Dsv.) has yet to be discovered. 

In the description of the leg-bristles I have followed the system 
introduced by me in the present Magazine (1905, pp. 173-176), and 
have paid moi'e attention to such bristles than perhaps other writers, 
believing as I do that fairly easy and reliable characters can be 
founded upon them, especially in the case of the female sex, where 
identification in the AntJiomyiidce is usually a matter of some difiiculty. 

It now remains for me to express my great indebtedness to the 
gentlemen who have favoured me with the loan of specimens. Mr. 
E. E. Austen, of the British Museum, very kindly entrusted me with 
the examination of the specimens under his charge ; the Eev. E. N. 

V 2 

240 [October, 

Bloomfield, Messrs. A. E. J. Carter, C. W. Dale, Wm. Evans, J. Gordon, 
J. Henderson, J. J. P. X. King, and E. E. Lowe, sent me the whole of 
the examples in their collections ; Professor L. C. Miall, of Leeds Uni- 
versity, allowed me the use of a fine set of specimens from the late 
Dr. K. H. Meade's collection ; Mr. Claude Morley submitted a con- 
siderable number of specimens from the Ipswich district ; Dr. R. E. 
Scharff sent a very interesting collection of Irish specimens, mostly 
collected and identified by Haliday ; Dr. David Sharp contributed all 
the material in the Cambridge Museum collection ; Mr. G. H. Verrall 
most generously lent me a complete and splendid series from his own 
unrivalled collection ; Mr. James Waterston lent me many useful 
Scottish examples; Dr. J. Wood, of Tarrington, sent a splendid set 
of beautifully mounted specimens, chiefly from Herefordshire ; and 
lastly, Col. Terbury allowed me the use of all the material in his 
possession. To all these gentlemen I now tender my heartiest thanks 
'—without their most generous aid the following account could cer- 
tainly not have been written. 

The genus Hydrotcea, in the male sex, is sharply differentiated 
from the rest of the Anthomyiidce by the presence of peculiar teeth 
on the ventral side of the front femora, and for the purpose of identi- 
fication this character alone is quite suflicient. The female sex, on 
the other hand, is not so easy to distinguish, but the combination of 
all the following characters will readily remove any doubt : — Galyptra 
large, the under scale projecting considerably beyond the upper, wings 
with the Gth longitudinal vein rather long, but ceasing at a considerable 
distance from the margin, frons always with a pair of decussating bristles, 
thorax with four post-sutural dorso-central bristles, and two sternopleural 
bristles, one of lohich is at the upper anterior angle and the other at the 
upper posterior angle, in the majority of species the front tibice are 
without bristles, and lastly, the abdomen is usually unicolorous or 
without dorsal stripe, never spotted. 

Thus the females of Hydrotcea may be distinguished from other 
AnthomyiidcB by a variety of characters, most of which are found 
singly in other genera. Only in Ophyra, as Stein points out, are the 
whole of these found in combination as in Hydrotcea. It may be 
helpful to emphasize these characters in another way, thus : the genera 
of the Mydaea group, e. g., Eyetodesia, Mydcea, Spilogaster, &c., only 
rarely possess decussating bristles, and on the other hand always 
possess from 3-5 sterno-pleural bristles : those of the Anthomyia 
group have only three post-sutural dorso-central bristles, while the 
Gth longitudinal vein always reaches the margin of the wing ; Homa- 

1906.] 241 

lomyia and its allies have the 7th or axillary vein curved in a peculiar 
manner round the end of the Gth, while here again and in the remain- 
ing group {Coenosla and its allies) there are only three post-sutural 
dorso-central bristles. 

The species known to occur in Britain may be identified by Jneans 

of the following keys • — 


1. Hind femora wilh a single or double ventral spine 2 

Hind femora without ventral spine 5 

2. Spine of hind femora near base 2. occulta, Mg. 

Spine of hind femoi'a at or a little beyond middle 3 

3. Eyes thickly haired \. cUiata,'Pab. 

Eyes bare 4 

4. Spine of hind femora single 8. armipes,'F\n. 

Spine of hind femora double 9. albiputicta, Ztt. 

5. Abdomen yellow and translucent on at least the two basal segments... 

16. ctirvipes, Fin. 
Abdomen nowhere yellow 6 

6. Wings with a patch of niicroscopic hairs at end of discal cell... 

10. militaris, Mg. 
Wings without such patch 7 

7. Basal joint of middle tarsi with a cushion of short, stiff bristles... 

15. irritans, Fin. 
Basal joint of middle tarsi simple 8 

8. Middle tibiae with 1-2 anterior bristles 9 

Middle tibiae without anterior bristles 11 

9. Small species (3^ —4 mm.) 18. parva, Meade. 

Larger species (6 — 8 mm.) 10 

10. Eyes almost touching ; hind tibiae with a median postero-ventral tuft of fine 

hairs 7. pUipes, Stein. 

Eyes distinctly separated ; hind tibiae without such tuft... 

6. palssstrica, Mg. 

11. Small species (3 — 3^ mm.) ; abdomen shining black, and at least the two apical 

segments without trace of tomentum 17. glabricula, Fin. 

Larger species (5 — 9 mm.) ; abdomen always more or less covered with to- 
mentum 12 

12. Eyes thickly haired 3. cyrtoneurina, Ztt. 

Eyes bare 13 

13. Middle tibiae with regular fringes of fine hairs on anterior and posterior surfaces . . . 

11. tuberculata, Rond. 
M iddle tibiae without such fringes 14 

14. Hind tibiae with 6 — 12 antero-ventral bristles 5. similis, M.ea.Ae. 

Hind tibiae with 2 — 3 antero-ventral bristles 4. dentipes, Fab. 

Hind tibiae with only 1 antero-ventral bristle 15 

15. Teeth on front femora inconspicuous and blunt 12. velutina, Dsv. 

Teeth on front femora long and very acute 16 

16. Thorax entirely black ; abdomen dark, with the dorsal stripe very indistinct... 

13. meteorica, L. 
Thorax, when viewed from behind, with its posterior third distinctly cinereous ; 
abdomen light cinereous ; with the dorsal stripe sharply defined ... 

14. cinerea, Dsv 

24,2 [October, 


1. Abdomen witii sides of two or three basal segments yellow... 

16. curvipes, Fin. 
Abdomen nowhere yellow 2 

2. Head of halteres yellow 3 

Head of halteres black or dark brown 5 

3. Thorax and abdomen shining blue-black; front tibiae with a postero-ventral 

bristle at one-tliird from apes 1. ciliata, Fah. 

Thorax and abdomen yellowish-grey or brownish-grey ; front tibioe witliout 
postero-ventral bristle 4 

4. Arista distinctly pubescent ; posterior transverse vein nearly straight, more 

tlian its own length from the middle transverse vein ... 15. irritans, Fin. 

Arista practically bai-e ; posterior transverse vein strongly flexed, not more than 

its own length f?om the middle transverse vein 9. albipuncta, Ztt. 

5. Middle tibise with an anterior bristle 6 

Middle tibise without anterior bristle 11 

6. Middle tibioe with a ventral bristle 10. niilitaris, Mg. 

Middle tibiae without ventral bristle 7 

7. Front tibise with a median dorsal bristle 8 

Front tibiffi without median dorsal bristle 10 

8. Thorax yellowish-grey, with a more or less distinct central stripe... 

6. palivsfrica, Mg. 

Thorax blackish, with slight grey tomentum and four (two broad outer and two 
narrow inner) rather indistinct stripes 9 

9. Hind tibiaj with two, rarely three, antero- ventral bristles ; calyptra whitisli... 

4. dentipes, Fab. 

Hind tibiae with four to six antero-ventral bristles ; calyptra more or less tinged 

with yellow 5. sim His, Meade. 

10. Size larger (6 mm.) ; calyptra strongly tinged with yellow ... 7. pilipen, Stein. 
Size smaller (3 — 4 mm.) ; calyptra without trace of yellow... 18. ^ar«a, Meade. 

11. Abdomen shining black or blue-black, with scarcely a trace of tomentum ... 12 
Abdomen more or less covered witli grey tomentum 13 

12. Frons all shining black ; size smaller (3 mm.) 17. glabricula, Fin, 

Frons dull black, with a little grey tomentum ; size larger (4 — 5 mm.)... 

11. tuherculata, Rond. 

13. Ocellar triangle black and conspicuously polished 2. occulta, Mg. 

Ocellar triangle dull greyish, or at any rate never conspicuously polished ... 14 

14. Hind tibiae with four to five antero-ventral bristles 3. cyrtoneurina, Zit. 

Hind tibiae with at most two antero-ventral bi'istles 15 

15. Thorax shining black, with very little tomentum ; size larger (5 — 7 mm.)... 

12. velutina, Dsv. 
Thorax thickly covered with grey tomentum ; size smaller (5—5^ mm.) ... 16 

16. Arista distinctly pubescent ; hind tibiae with three bristles about the middle... 

13. meteorica, L. 
Arista quite bare ; hind tibise with only two bristles about the middle... 

8. armipes, Fin. 

* As the female of H. cinerea, Dsv., is not known to either Herr Stein or myself, I have not 
been able to include tliis species in the present key. 

1905.] 243 

l.-H. CILIATA, Fab. Male: TSyes dernteJy hairy ; arista distinctly pubescent 
on basal half or two-thirds. Thorax shinincj black with a slight steely tinge ; 
shoulders when seen from behind conspicuously silvery-ivhite. Abdomen shining 
blue-black with three interrupted transverse bands of whitish tomentum. Front 
tibiae with a postero-ventral bristle at one-third from apex ; middle femora with a 
pair of very characleristic curved and upwardly directed apical dorsal bristles, 
which are nearly half the length of the tibia and closely united with one another 
except for a short distance at their base ; hind tibise with a ventral tuft of fine hairs 
at the middle, which run out, but gradually diminish in length, to the apex. Ca- 
lyptra conspicuous, whitish ; halteres brownish-yellow. Size, 7—8 mm. 

Female : Eyes practically bare ; frons one-third of width of head, deep black, 
orbits slightly shining above, highly polished near antennae, ocellar triangle large 
and highly polished. Thorax blue-black, shining ; shoulders, and an indication of 
a central stripe in front, ^/i.s/<?7i«»_5' white. Abdomen blue-black, shining and uni- 
colorous, with a slight dusting on last segment. Front tibiie with a small hut 
distinct median postero-ventral bristle ; middle femora with a decided bend upwards 
in apical third ; hind tibiiB with one dorsal, two antero-dorsal, and three to four 
antero-ventral bristles in apical half. 

The female of this species may be distinguished from that of 
Opliyra leucosfoma, Wied., which it much resembles, by its much 
broader frous, its glistening white shoulders, its tnuch more silvery 
cheeks, and the tomentum on the last abdominal segment. 

Apparently common and widely distributed. I have seen speci- 
mens from many localities, ranging from Devonshire and the New 
Forest north to Arran and Edinburgh, also in Ireland. Mr. Verrall 
reports it also from Cornwall, Sussex, and Aberdeen. The dates 
range from June 4th to October 5th. 

2. — H. OCCULTA, Mg. Male: Eyes thickly haired ; arista slightly pubescent 
in basal half. Thorax dull black, -v/hen seen from behind with a very slight greyish 
tomentum, which leaves three broad but very indistinct black stripes ; shoulders 
cinereous. Abdomen bluish-cinereous, with a distinct almost continuous dorsal stripe 
and the basal half of 1st segment black ; a transverse brownish band at bases of 
3rd and 4th segments. Hind femora with a strong ventral spine near base ; hind 
tibise with a complete antero-dorsal row of long, fine hairs, which gradually diminish 
in length as they approach the apex, a similar row on the apical half of anterior sur- 
face, and a sharply defined tuft on ventral surface at about one-third from apex. 
Wings brownish-hyaline, halteres blackish-brown. Size, 4^ — 5^ mm. 

Female : Eyes with a few short scattered hairs ; frons dull deep black ; ocellar 
triangle black and highly polished. Thorax black, slightly shining and with a 
slight greyish tomentum ; shoulders cinereous. Abdomen pointed at apex, black 
and slightly shining, with a slight greyish tomentum, which is thicker on the last 
segment. Front tihix hare, except for the usual subapical dorsal bristle. Hind 
tibise loith two {rarely three) dorsal bristles, viz., a small one near apex, a large one 
at one-third from apex, and sometimes a small one near middle, one anterior post- 
median bristle, and two to three antero-ventral ones in apical half. 

244 [October, 1905. 

A common species. I have seen over thirty specimens, and have 
records which extend from the extreme south of England to Gairloch, 
Aberdeen and Gols])ie in the north. The dates range from April 20th 
to October 17th. The male is easily recognised, but the female is 
more diiEcult to identify. If careful attention be paid, however, to 
the characters given in the key and those in italics in the preceding 
paragraph, the latter sex may be identified with tolerable certainty. 

3. — H. CTRTONEURINA,' Ztt. {silvicola, Lw.). Male: Eyes thickly haired 
above, arista shortly pubescent in basal half. Thorax deep hlack, slightly shining, 
shoulders shining black. Abdomen black wifh a slight olive-greenish tinge, thickly 
covered with grey tomentum, which is much denser at the sides, giving an almost 
tessellated appearance, and leaving a somewhat indistinct dorsal stripe. Hind 
tibim with ttoo dorsal bristles in apical half, a complete but irregular row of antero- 
dorsal bristles, a regular series of about six antero-ventral bristles, and an irregular 
series of mixed bristles and hairs in the middle of the postero-ventral surface. Wings 
strongly tinged with brotvn ; ealyptra strongly tinged with orange. Size, 7 — 8 mm. 

Female : Unknown to me. The following particulars are taken from Stein's 
description : Eyes only shortly and sparingly hairy, so that this sex is difficult 
to distinguish from the female of deiitipes, which it much resembles. Thorax 
dusted with grey, when seen from behind with a rather broad but indistinct 
middle stripe. Sternopleural bristles, one anterior and one posterior, under 
the latter never a second shorter one (which is always the case in dentipes). 
Abdomen with slight tessellation and a trace of a dorsal line. Middle tibise without 
anterior bristle ; mostly with three posterior bristles. Hind tibise with one dorsal, 
two or more antero -dorsal, and four to five equally long antero-ventral bristles. 

A rare species, and possibly confined to the south of England. 
I have only seen five British examples, all males, viz. : two from Ivy- 
bridge (12.6.83) and one from Lynton (19.6.83), Devonshire, in 
Verrall's Collection, one from Ivybridge in the Brit. Mus. Collection, 
obtained by Col. Terbury (4.5.93), and one from Felden, Herts 
(13 10.97), captured by A. Piffard, and also in the Brit. Mus. Collec- 
tion. Meade refers (Ent. Mo. Mag., xviii, p. 123) to a specimen 
taken by C. W. Dale at Glanvilles Wootton. 

4. — H. DENTIPES, Fab. Male : Eyes bare, separated by a narrow deep black 
space ; arista distinctly thickened and pubescent at base. Thorax shining black, 
with a very slight greyish tomentum, which \e&\es four rather indistinct longitudinal 
black stripes, viz., two narrow inner ones and two broad outer ones, shoulders dis- 
tinctly cinereous. Abdomen greyish-olive, covered with grey tomentum, which is 
patchy and much denser at the sides, giviiig a slightly tessellated appearance, base 
of 1st segment black, from which proceeds a slender dorsal black stripe, which is 
continued quite to the tip of the abdomen. Front tibise loith two dorsal bristles, 
one near the apex and a smaller one about the middle. Middle tibise with the 
anterior surface furnished with a regular and characteristic fringe of tiny hairs. 

Ent. Mo. Mag., 1905.— Plate VIII. 

FIG. A. 

FIG. B. 


November, 1905.1 245 

lohich stattd off quite at right angles to the surface. Hind tihiss slightly prolonged 
into a Hunt process on the ventral side of the apex, with two dorsal bristles (one 
short subapical and one much longer at one-third from apex), a regular and com- 
plete antero-dorsal fringe of fine long hairs, and only two to three antero-ventral 
bristles. Calyptra whitish, lower scale with orange margin. Size, 7 — 8 mm. 

Female : Eyes bare, frons deep black, orbits greyish behind, silvery in front, 
ocellar triangle greyish, with the central portion immediately surrounding the ocelli 
polished black. Thorax as in male, but the longitudinal stripes more distinct. 
Abdomen olive-cinereous, with a very indistinct dorsal stripe. Front tibial with 
two dorsal bristles as in male. Middle tibiee ivith a single anterior bristle at one- 
fourth to one-third from apex. Hind tibix with two dorsal bristles as in male, one 
median antero-dorsal bristle and two to three antero-ventral bristles in apical half. 

Abundant in all parts of the kingdom. 

5. — H. siMiLis, Meade. Male : Very like the preceding species, but the eyes 
are sub-contiguous, and the abdomen very slightly longer and narrower, more 
uniformly olive-cinereous, sometimes almost of a leaden hue, the patchy appearance 
seen at the sides in H. dentipes being quite or almost absent. (This feature is best 
seen when the apex of the abdomen is turned towards the light.) Middle femora 
with about six strong bristles on basal half of ventral surface (absent in H. dentipes). 
Middle tibise with a fringe of tiny hairs on anterior surface ; these, however, are 
not erect, but stand at an angle of 45° loith the surface. Hind tibix without the 
ventral apical projection ; antero-dorsal surface fringed with fine hairs, toith two to 
three strong bristles in apical Aa//" (absent in H. dentipes), and a series oi six to 
twelve or even more antero-ventral bristles in apical half. Calyptra with the lower 
scale more strongly tinged with orange. Size, 8 — 9 mm. 

Female : Like that of H. dentipes, but the hind tibise have four to six antero- 
ventral bristles, which occupy the apical two-thirds. Calyptra much more yellowish. 
I have not been able to discover any other good and constant character by which 
the female of this species may be distinguished from that of the preceding. In 
most specimens, however, the abdomen appears to be more uniformly olive-grey. 

This is undoubtedly a distinct species, widely distributed, but no 
doubt often passed over as H. dentipes. I have examined at least 
fifty specimens from all parts of the country, but the majority (indeed 
nearly all) of my records are from Scotland and the more hilly parts of 
England. It ranges from Lynton, Devonshire (Verrall) to Golspie 
(Terbury) and Lairg (Verrall) in Sutherland. 

6. — H. PAL^STEiCA, Mg. (rojirfawu', Meade). Male: Eyes bare, separated by a 
rather wide black space ; arista thickened and very distinctly pubescent in basal 
half. Thorax black, toith dark slaty-grey tomentum, which in anterior half leaves 
three about equally broad longitudinal stripes black, shoulders light cinereous. Ab- 
domen yellowish-cinereous, or with a slaty-bluish tinge ; a narroio black dorsal 
stripe usually reaching the apex and much broadened on Ist segment. Middle 
coxz armed behind with three very strong spine-like bristles, which are closely 
applied to one another and directed downwards and slightly backwards. Middle tibise 


246 [November, 

in apical half with two to three posterior bristles, and two rather long curved antero- 
dorsal bristles, the antero-dorsal surface also fringed throughout with fine, very 
short, regular bristles, apical bristles very strong and conspicuous. Hindjemora 
with seven long and very conspicuous antero- ventral bristles in apical half. Hind 
tibicB with two long and conspicuous dorsal bristles, two to three long and fine 
antero-dorsal bristles in apical half, a complete fringe of short regular bristles on 
same surface, and three to four antero-ventral bristles in apical half. Wings strongly 
tinged with brownish-yellow ; calyptra strongly tinged toith orange, lower scale with 
a bright orange margin ; lialteres brownisli-black with somewhat yellowish stalk. 
Size, 6|— 8 mm. 

Female : Frons fully one-third of width of head, blacTc, in some lights with a 
yellowish-grey tomentum ; ocellar triangle slightly shining. Thorax yellowish- 
cinereous, toith three about equally broad blackish stripes, the two lateral ones more 
distinct in front of suture, central one more distinct behind, but becoming oblite- 
rated before reaching scutellum. Abdomen uniformly yellotoish-cinereous, with a 
slight trace of a narrow dorsal black stripe. Middle tibise with bristles as in ^ , 
but the fringe on antero-dorsal surface not so conspicuous. Wings hyaline, but 
strongly tinged with yelloio at base. 

A very distinct but uncommon species. Meade's rondanii is 
undoubtedly the same, and I have had the good fortune to examine 
two males so labelled from Meade's own collection, thanks to the 
kindness of Professor Miall. One of these is labelled, in Mr. Yerrall's 
handwriting, " Lagg, 19/6/82," and the other was presumably taken 
by Meade himself at Bastow, Derbyshire, in July, 1887. 

In the same collection is a male labelled "■ palcsstrica'^ sent to 
Meade by Kowarz from Austria. I cannot accept the distinguishing 
characters given by Meade (Ent. Mo. Mag., xviii, p. 125, and " Descr. 
List," p. 26) as of any value whatever. Stein also regards the two as 
identical. Besides Meade's specimens I have seen males from Barton 
Mills, Suffolk, and Aberlady (Yerrall) ; Stoke Wood, Pentelow, Cusop, 
Pixley, and Westhide (Dr. J. H. Wood) ; and Aberfoyle (Carter). I 
have not seen an undoubted British female, and my description has 
been drawn up from a continental specimen in Meade's collection. A 
specimen of this sex sent by Verrall I am quite sure was only dentipes, 
F. The dates of these records range from May 31st to September 5th. 

7. — H. PILIPES, Stein. Male : Fyes bare, cohering or only separated by an 
exceedingly narrow space, arista distinctly thickened, but only slightly pubescent 
at base. Thorax shining black, without any trace of tomentum or stripes. Abdo- 
men black, with broad interrupted transverse bands of bluish-grey or yellowish-grey 
at bases of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th segments. Middle tibise with two to three posterior 
bristles in apical half, and one (rarely two) antero-dorsal bristle in apical third. 
Hind femora with complete rows of antero-dorsal and antero-ventral bristles, and 
complete rows of ventral and postero-ventral fine hairs. Hind tibise with two long 

1905. 1 247 

and conspicuous dorsal bristles, antero-dorsal surface fringed throughout with short 
regularly- disposed bristles, and with three long and conspicuous ones in apical half, 
antero-ventral surface with a row of six to eight regularly disposed bristles of 
moderate length in apical two-thirds, postero-ventral surface with a characteristic 
tuft of fine hairs in median third, these hairs gradually decreasing in length towards 
apex. Wings with a slight yeUowish-hroton tinge, calgptra distinctly tinged toith 
orange, halteres with black knob. Size, 6—7 mm. 

Female : Frons one-third of width of head, deep black, with a very slight 
brownish-grey tomentum in certain lights, ocellar triangle polished black. Thorax 
and abdomen uniformly shining fi/ac^", without tomentum. Front femora with eight 
to nine postero-ventral bristles, of which those in apical half are about twice the 
length of the rest. Middle tibiae as in $ ?. In the single female I iiave seen only 
one middle leg is present, and the tibia has one posterior bristle at one-fourth from 
apex, and two rather small antero-dorsal bristles in apical third. Hind femora with 
antero-dorsal bristles as in (J , antero- ventral surface with only about four bristles 
in apical third, ventral and postero-ventral surfaces only with short pubescence. 
Sind tibise with dorsal bristles as in $ , three long antero-dorsal bristles, but no 
fringe of short ones, and no bristles on the other surfaces. Wings hyaline, a little 
yellowish at base, ca'yptra and halteres as in c? . 

This species was first introduced by me as British in the "Annals 
of Scottish Natural History," 1904, pp. 158-160. In addition to the 
four males there alluded to, I have seen a single female taken by Mr. 
Carter at the same place and time (Aberfoyle, July 4th, 1903), and 
also a male taken by Col. Terbury at Porthcawl, Glamorganshire, on 
June 6th, 1903. I suspect that the species has hitherto been over- 
looked, and it should occur in other localities, [most likely in hilly 
districts. The female was previously unknown. 

(To be contnuedj. 


{^Concluded from, page 196). 


B. hicolorellum Zett. : I had only unsatisfactory specimens of 
this species from Wicken Fen, and Plashet Wood near Lewes, until 
Mr. C. G. Lamb took a male in perfect condition at Pad stow, in 
Cornwall, in July, 1902, and he took it again in the New Forest, in 
July, 1905. It is a very little known species up to the present time. 


24S [November, 


1 (2) AnteniijE black 1. moUiculus 'FvW. 

2 (1) Antennoe yellow, wilh the tip brownish 2. concinnus Zett. 

1. C. molliculus Fall. : occasionally abundant. I have records from 

Penzance, Three Bridges, Keigate, Brandon, and Whittles- 
ford in Cambridgeshire. 

2. C. concinnus Zett. : when I began this paper I had little expecta- 

tion of including this species as one known to me, because 
as far as I can trace there have been recorded only about 
five specimens from Scandinavia and one from (I think) 
Hungary, beyond Walker's record. In July, 1904, however, 
Mr. C. G. Lamb and Dr. D. Sharp found it in abundance 
in Aldridge Hill End, in the New Forest. 


1 (2) Thorax orange, with a green patch behind 1. ienellus Wied. 

2 (1) Thorax shimmering metallic grey 2. ornatus Hal. 

1. X. tenelJus Wied. : not uncommon in Suffolk and Cambridgeshire, 

and I expect in many other places when searched for. A. 
Miiller once found this species by hundreds on leaves of 
shrubs at Shirley, near Croydon, but all of them dead from 
a fungoid attack. 

2. X. ornatus Hal. : much commoner than X. teneUus, and I have 

seen specimens from Slapton Leigh to Nethy Bridge. Both 
species have occurred in my own garden. 

A. Jlaviventris Meig. : fairly common in the New Forest, and I 
have also taken it at Buxted in Sussex, Weybridge in Surrey, and at 
Dolgelley, and Mr. F. Jenkinson has taken it at Crowborough, in 
Sussex. The male is easily distinguished by its peculiar antennae, but 
beyond that the brilliantly polished, almost black, thorax and the pale 
belly are striking characters. 

M. alhipes Zett. : the tiniest European Dolichopid, but always 
recognisable in the net from its unmistakable Dolichopid attitude. 
Probably not uncommon, but overlooked because of its size ; I have 
found it often common, and have taken it in the New Forest, Wicken 
Fen, the Norfolk Broads, in various localities in Sussex, at Cromer, 
and at Aberlady. 

1905.] 249 

39. TiriNOFHILUS Wahlbg. 

1 (2) Legs mainly pale yellowish 1. ruficornis Jia\. 

2 (1) Legs mainly blackish, knees and tip of tibiae ferruginous... 

2. flavipalpis Zett. 

1. T. ruficornis Hal. : not uncommon on the Hampshire coasts. 

2. T. flavipalpis Zett. : "Walker says, " Inhabits the sea-coast and 

about sale springs ; rare with us. In Mr. Walker's col- 
lection. (E.)." It is strange that I have never seen a 
British specimen of this large and remarkable species. 

*S^. versutus Walk. : 1 have taken it freely at Lyndhurst and 


1 (4) Fair sized species ; antennae black. 

2 (3) Hind femora with 3 — 4 small but distinct bristles above near base ; 

normally slaty-grey ...1. celtiber'RsX. 

3 (2) Hind femora without any distinct bristles above near base ; normally 

ochreous-grey 2. raptor Walk. 

4 (1) Small species ; antennae ferruginous at base 3. /eroa; Walk. 

1. A. celtiher Hal. : this species was originally distinguished from 
A. rapior by Haliday on account of its slaty-grey colour as 
compared with the rather ochreous-grey of A. t^apfor, and 
also by the front tarsi being more equally dilated. In A. 
rapior the tip of the first joint of the front tarsi is distinctly 
though only slightly dilated, and the extreme base of the 
second joint is almost equally dilated ; in A. celtiher the 
extreme tip of the basal joint is slightly dilated, and also the 
second joint for about two-thirds of its length. This dis- 
tinction of the tarsi appears to hold good, but a far more 
easily distinguished character lies in the presence of some 
short but obvious bristles above the hind femora near the 
base in A. celtiher, which are entirely absent in A. raptor. 
At one time I thought the colour character a good one, but 
a series of specimens taken by Col. Terbury at Torcross in 
August, 1903, completely disprove its value, unless they 
belong to a third very closely allied species ; as a rule A. 
raptor is somewhat ochreous-grey, with bright ferruginous 
legs, as against the dark slaty-grey colour of A. celtiher, 
vrhich usually, but not always, has more than the basal half 
of the front femora distinctly black, and about the basal 
third of the posterior femora indistinctly blackish, and all the 

250 [November, 

ferruginous parts duller than in A. raptor ; on tbe other 
hand, in the darker specimens taken at Torcross the struc- 
tural characters agree with A. raptor, but the thorax is dark 
slaty-grey, and the legs all blackish, except for a slight 
ferruginous tinge at the tip of the femora, and on all the 
tibise (unless at the tip), and on all (except the tip) of the 
basal joints of the tarsi ; other specimens, however, exhibit 
more ferruginous colouring, but never to any great extent. 
If the Torcross specimens represent a distinct species, the 
plainest character would lie in the much more blackish hue 
of the wings as compared with the brownish tinge of the 
two known species. 

A. celtiber occurs in company with A. raptor at Ilfra- 
combe, and Mr. 0. G. Lamb has taken it freely at Padstow, 
in Cornwall ; Haliday recorded it from Smerwick Bay, Kerry. 

2. A. raptor Walk. : common on the sides of rocks and about the 

base of cliffs where washed by the sea on the coasts of 
Cornw^all and Devon. The "dark form mentioned above may 
represent an autumnal form. Walker (really Haliday) 
records it from Torquay and Dundrum Bay, in Ireland. 

3. A. ferox Walk. : in abundance at Totland Bay, in the Isle of 

Wight, and also occurring at Torcross and Whitsand Bay, 
near Plymouth, and at Padstow, in Cornwall. 

Vol. XV— 

page 165, add : Chrysotus femoratus 'Aett. 
Thrypticus sp. ? 
Porphyrops rivalis Lw. 
Xiphandrium lanceolatum Lw. 
Systenus Scholtzii Lvo. 
bipartitus Lv3. 
tener Lw. 
leucurus Lw. 
Medeterus obscurus Zett. 
„ 166, line 14 from bottom : " 1 (70) " instead of " 1 (68)." 
„ 170, „ 12 „ top : " C. G. Lamb " „ " F. Jenkinson." 

„ 13 „ „ , add after 1903 : Dr. J. H. Wood has also taken both 
sexes in Herefordshire. 
„ 195, line 10 from top : " 23 (80) " instead of " 23 (82)." 
Vol. XVI— 

page 51, add to IL. atrovirens : Mr. C. G. Lamb took a male in the New Forest 
in July, 1905. 

1905.] 251 

page 53, add to Lamprochromus elegans : It has been taken in numbers in the 
New Forest in July, 1905, by Mr. C. G. Lamb. 
, 111, „ P.fascipes : Mr. C. G. Lamb found this species not uncommon at 

at Nethy Bridge in June, 1905. 
„ 169, alter the table of Systenus as follows : 

1 (4) Cubital and discal veins strongly approximating before the tip. 

2 (3) Tip of the wing with a conspicuous black spot... 

1. Scholtzii Lw. 

3 (2) Tip of the wing uncoloured 2. adp r op inquans Jj-w. 

4 (1) Cubital and discal veins almost pai'allel. 

5 (8) Antennae entirely black. 

6 (7) Third joint of antennae conical and broad, arista shorter than 

the third joint ; genital lamellae very long, with the basal 
part black and unusually long, the apical part short, but with 
two long pointed black shafts ; outer lamellae long, thi'eadlike, 
forked, and dirty whitish 3. bij)arti(us Ijw. 

7 (6) Third joint of antenuiE very long and pointed, arista black, 

scarcely half as long as the third joint ; genital lamellae with 
the basal part brown and very short, the apical part large 
and rather thick and all white ; outer lamellae very short, 
white with a black tip 4. leucurus Ijw. 

8 (5) Antennae with the basal joint conspicuously pale yellow... 

5. tener Lw. 
line 8 from bottom : " four " instead of " two," and dele after " more " 
down to " unsatisfactory." 
„ 170, line 14 from top : delete " in his own garden." 

„ 19 „ „ , I'ead : " from a tree at Aldenham Park near Bridge- 
north," instead of " from an elm tree at Aldenham, Herts." 
„ 4 from bottom : omit paragraph after " leucurus " and add " a male 
was bred from rotten wood debris in the New Forest in July, 

4. jS. leucurus Lw. : a male was bi'ed by Dr. D. Sharp from rotting wood 

debris in a. heech. tree on April 4th, and another on May 5th, 
1905, in the New Forest, while Mr. C. Or. Lamb had previously 
taken a male in July, 1904, which was emerging from a pupa; I 
had seen this latter specimen, but (although I suspected it to be 
<S. leucurus) thouglit it too immature to identify it as new to 
Britain, but I have now no further doubt. The genital append- 
ages are very conspicuously white, and the tiny black apical dots 
stand out. The species is I believe only known from bred speci- 
mens, as Loew described it from some specimens bred by Von 
Heyden at Frankfort on the Maine from decayed wood about 
1858, and it has since been recorded only by Beling, who also 
bred it. 

5. S. tener Lw. : a male was bred from similar debris in the New Forest 

in July, 1905, and also a female of probably this species. The 

252 [November, 

conspicuously pale basal joint of the antennae affords a strongly 
distinctive character. The genital lamellaj have the basal part 
long, thin, and black, the apical pari short, not much swollen and 
broven, with its outer lamellEe whitish, threadlike, but broad at 
tJie base, and not very long. I do not think that this species has 
been recorded since Loew described it from Halle in 1859. 

The adding of the genua Sf/stemcs and all its known species to 
Britain in four years, through breeding them, is a remarkable occur- 
rence, and shows how much may be done by distinct methods of 

page 171, add to S. tarsatus : It was taken in the New Forest in July, 1905, by 
Mr. C. a. Lamb. 

The British DolichopodidcB now include 41 genera and 204 species, 
as against Walker's 15 genera and 138 species ; of course the number 
of genera has been mainly increased by the breaking up of the pre- 
vious large and in many cases heterogeneous genera, but (as six of 
Walker's species have been omitted) there has been an increase of 
over 50 per cent, in the species, and I think as many more may still 
be added without much trouble. Of the 132 species described by 
Walker I possess all but five, and I have seen specimens of all except 
Hygroceleuthus latipennis, Jlercosfomus fulvicaudis, and Thinophilus 

Sussex Lodge, Newmarket. 

BY J. E. LE B. TOMLIN, M.A., F.E.S. 

The following notes are in continuation of my paper in Ent. Mo. 
Mag., 1904, pp. 177 — 9, and are the outcome of about a week's col- 
lecting in the Isle of Man at the end of May, 1904. I group the 
species geographically as before, and to these four districts I now add 
a fifth — as the result of a visit to the summit of Snaefell, — and a 
sixth for the high land of Bradda Head. 

Though 1 only collected specimens of twenty-four species on the 
top of Snaefell, there was quite enough material to confirm the alpine 
nature of its fauna, as evidenced by such forms as Arpedium hrachy- 
pterum, Gr. (common), Homalota eremifa, liye (very abundant), 
Otiorrhynchus mau?'us, GylL, Patrohiis assimilis, Chaud., and PteroS' 
tichus vitreus, Dj. (both common). 

i9"5.] 253 

I have added half a dozen species to the Curragh list which 
were captured by Dr. Bailey. The asterisk, as before, denotes that 
the insect has not hitherto been recorded for the Isle of Man. 

I. — Kenteatjgh. 
*Cercyon depressus, Steph. ; *IIomalota puncticeps, Th. ; *Olibrus xneus, F. ; 
* Cri/pticus quisquilius, L. ; *Apion conjluens, Kirb., common on Matricaria. 

II. — The Cuebagh. 
*Acupalpus exiguus, Dj., var. luridus, Dj. ; *Bembidium mannerheimi, Sahl., 
also at Port Erin ; *Dromius meridional is, Uj. ; *D. melanocephalus, Dj. ; D. ni- 
griventris, Th. ; *Cercyon obsoletus, Gryll. ; *C.flavipes, F. ; *C. unipunctatus, L. ; 
*C. lugubris,Pk. ; *Ilydroporus nigrita,¥. ; * Fhilydrus coarctatus, Gredl. ; *Oxy- 
poda longiuscula, Gr., also on Snaefell ; *I£omalofa luteipes, Er., a single example ; 
*II. gyllenhali, Th. ; *S. volans, Serib., also in Colby Glen ; *II. graminicola, Gr. ; 
*H. triiiotata, Kr. ; *H. muscoruin, Bris. ; *H. fungi, Gr. ; *Onypeta labilis, Er. ; 
*Autalia rivularis, Gr. ; *Myllsena infuscata, Matth., abundant in drying Sphag- 
num ; *Gymnusa brevicoUis, Pk., rare in Sphagnum ; *I'achyporus solutus, Er., 
also at Port Erin ; *T. brunneus, F. ; *3Iegacronus analis, Pk. ; Quedius matiro- 
rufus, Gr., also at Colby ; *Fhilonthus nigrita, Nor., rather a widely distributed 
species in Man ; *Actobius cinerascens,Gr.; Lathrobium terminatum, Gr. ; Crypto- 
bium gtaberrimum, Hbst., common in Sphagnum ; *Psederus riparius, L. ; Evses- 
thetus ruficapillus, Lac., common ; JE. Ixviusculus, Mann., one ; *Stenus nitidius- 
culus, St. ; *Lesteva sicula, Er., pale and dark forms ; *Homalium aesum, Gr. ; *H. 
rujipes, Fourc. ; *Fhlaeobium clypeatum, Miill. ; Clambus armadillo, De G. ; *Ani- 
sotoma badia, Stm., one in moss ; * i^ euraphes angulatus, Miill., two in drying 
Sphagnum; Fselaphus heisei, Hbst., not uncommon; Bythinus bulblfer, Reich., 
abundant ; * Euplectus ambigutis, Reich., not uncommon in the drying Sphagnum ; 
*Micropeplus margaritce,J)uv. ; *3Ieligethes picipes, Stm. ; * Cry ptophagus cellar is, 
Scop. ; *Donacia discolor, Pz. ; *Longitarsus atricillus, L. ; * Fhyllotreta Jlexuosa, 
111., a single example of this rare "hopper," — Mr. Champion confirms my identifi- 
cation ; F. exclamationis, Th. ; *Chsetocnema hortensis, Fourc. ; Rhynchites ger- 
manicus, Hbst.; Casnopsis loaltoni, Boh., common in vex'y dry moss; Orobitis 
cyaneus, L. ; *Bagous glabrirostris, Hbst., I'are ; * Balaninus salicivorus, Pk. 

III.— Port Erin. 
Fferostichus minor, Gyll. ; * Homalota vestita, Gr., also at Kentraugh ; *Leis- 
totrophus nebulosus, ¥. ; *Staphylinus pubescens, De Gr. ; *Stenus declaratus, Er. ; 
*IIomalium rivulare, Pk. ; *R. Iseviusculum, Gyll., not uncommon on the shore at 
Spaldrick ; *Choleva chrysomeloides, Pz. ; Atomaria analis, Er. ; Aphodius pusil- 
lus, Hbst. ; *Apion hydrolapathi, Kirb. ; Barypeithes sulcifrons. Boh., rare in moss. 

IV.— Colby Glen. 
*Ochthebius bicolon. Germ.; * Homalota hygrotopora, Kr. ; *H. elovgatula, 
Gr. ; *II. cambrica, Woll. ; *Dianous coerulescens, Gyll., common ; *Blediusfracti- 
co/-/u«, Pk., tlie blcick form ; * Lesteva jiuhescens, Maim.; *Ox,ytelus sculptus, Gr. ; 
*Trogophlceus fuliginosus, Qr., one ; *V. pusillus, Gtr. ; *Micropeplus porcatus,Vk. ; 
*Llmnius tuberculatus, Miill. ; Apiou punctigerum, Pk. 

254 [November, 

V. — Snaefell. 

* Pterostichus vUreus, DJ. ; *Bradycellu!i harpallnus, Dj. ; Notio2}hilus aqua- 
ticus, L. ; N. palustris, Duft. ; *Patrobus ansimilis, Chaud., in great numbers ; 
*Ocyusa incrassata, Muls. ; *Homalota eremita, Rye, abundant ; *Arpediuni 
hrachypterum, Gr., common ; *Scijdmfenus scufellarit, Miill., also at the Curragh ; 
*Byrrhus piliila, L. ; Aphodius lapponum, OryW. ; Corymhites cupreus, F., and var. 
seruginosus, F. ; * Otiorrhynchus mauriis, Gjll., rare. 

VI. — Bradda Head. 

Notiophilus substrlatus, Wat. ; * Homalota gregaria, Er. ; *H. nigra, Kr. ; 
*n. cauta, Er. ; *Olophrum piceum, Gjll. ; *Athous vittatus, F., under stones ; 
*Dolopius marginatus, L., under stones; *Apion loli, TL'wh. ; *Acalles ptinoides, 
Marsh., from dead heather. 

Estyn, Chester : 

September, 1905. 


BY A. H. JONES, F. E. S. 

On July 16th last I captured on the North Downs several small 
specimens of a Lyccena which T at once recognised as different to the 
usual form of L. argus {wgon) from Surrey and the New Forest. On 
comparing them with my series of var. argyrognovion, Berg., from 
Sierra in the Ehone Valley, I found they agreed so closely as to lead 
me to suppose they were that species ; on submitting them, however, 
to Dr. T. A. Chapman he pronounced them, upon examinatiou of the 
genitalia, to be L. argus, and were the variety Jiypochiona , Ramb. 

Dr. Staudinger, in his Catalogue, gives the distribution of this 
form "Andalusia, Greece." I have taken it at Digne, and this year 
at Montserrat in Spain ; the occurrence of this southern form in 
England is interesting, and I have no doubt that Entomologists who 
have collected this insect on the chalk downs between Cuxton and 
Shoreham in Kent will find numerous examples in their series — the 
type also occurs there. 

The var. hypochiona is larger, the under-side whitish-grey, and 
the spots more clearly defined than in the type. 

Shrublands, Eltham : 

October 6th, 1905, 

1905.] 255 

Plate VIII. 
This is a very pale species. It is nearest to 0. //allince, Schrank, 
and fringillcB, Walk., but is easily recognised by the modified abdo- 
minal segments and the legs. 

The tubercle of the frons is prominent. The comb of the pronotum consists 
of 26 to 28 teeth. The mesonotum bears two rows of bristles and a very few short 
hairs in addition, besides a subapical row of slender spines, six on each side. 

The abdominal tergites bear two rows of bristles, the anterior row being repre- 
sented on the seventh tergite bj two or three bristles only. The first four tergites 
have on each side respectively 2, 3, 2, 1 apical spines. The seventh tergite has one 
long apical bristle, accompanied in the J by two minute hairs, and in the ? by two 
shoi't bristles which are nearly equal in length, being about one-fourth the length of 
the long one. The sternites of segments 3 to 7 have in the ^ three bristles on each 
side, there being in addition a short hair proximally of them on the posterior ster- 
nites ; in the $ the number of bristles on sternites 3 to 6 is usually four. 

The fore femur has on the outer side eleven lateral bristles irregularly placed, 
while there are two bristles on the inner surface, besides a subapical ventral one. 

The mid femur bears a lateral row of sis bristles on the inner side and three 
bristles on the outer side. The hind femur has on the outer side from two to four 
bristles, while there is a lateral row of seven or eight on the inner side. The hind 
tibia has on the outer side a subdorsal row of seven or eight bristles, the row not 
being quite regular ; the inner side bears an oblique lateral row of six or seven. 

$ . The large lateral lobe of the eighth tergite is nearly square, the distal 
angles being rounded off. The lobe is a little wider distally than proximally. The 
tuberculate area situated along the dorsal edge on the inner surface is narrower. 
There are fourteen long bristles at the dorsal edge of the lobe and two on the 
lateral surface, besides one standing near the ventral edge. The eighth sternite 
resembles that of gallincB. It bears at the top about eight long bristles, and imme- 
diately in front of them on eacli side one short bristle. The apical membranous 
flap which projects dorsally is narrower, and is of the same shape as in gallincB. The 
process of the clasper is long and narrow, while the finger is broad. 

(Fig. A). The finger bears two long bristles at the distal (ventral) edge, 
standing rather close together. There is also a short bristle at the apex, besides 
some minute hairs ; and there is a row of short hairs near the proximal (dorsal) 
edge. The vertical arm of the ninth sternite is broader than in galllncB and 
J'ringillcB, while the proximal lobe of the ventral (horizontal) arm is broader, and 
the bristles at the proximal angle of the distal portion of this ventral arm are more 
numerous than in both gallince {rndfringillce. 

? . The seventh sternite (Fig. B) is deeply sinuate. It bears a row of six or 
seven long bristles, and proximally of them about fifteen short ones. The eighth 
tergite has dorsally above the stigma on each side ten to twelve hairs arranged in 
two irregular rows. Beneath the stigma, along the oblique dorsal margin of the 

256 [November, 

broad lateral portion of the eighth tergite, there are two long bristles accompanied 
by several short hairs, the second of these bristles being the longer. Further down 
there are about fifteen bristles on the outer surface of the tergite, while the inner 
side bears three or four short spine-like bristles, besides some long ones. 
Length, <?, 1.7 mm. ? , 2-2 mm. 

We have received a sinojle ,^ of this insect from Mr. William 
Farren, of Cambridge, in whose honour the species is named. The 
specimen in question was taken from the nest of a wood-pigeon 
(Columba pnlumbu,^) in the summer of 1905, near Mildenhall in 
Suffolk. Mr. J. Waterston also secured 7 (J fi^nd 7 ? of this species 
from the nest of a house-martin (Chelidon urhica) taken near Dun- 
laverock, Berwickshire, at the end of August, 1905. 



A— c?. 9th Tergite. 
B— ?. 7th Sternite. 

148, Piccadilly, W. : 

October, 1905. 

The food 'plant of Dibolia rynnglossi, Koch. — Having taken Dibolia cynoglossi 
again at Pevensey this year in some numbers, I was able to find out its true food 
plant. It is said by Stephens (Man., p. 301, 1839) to be found on Cygnoglossum 
officinale, and Kutschera gives Stachys recta, but in England, at any rate, it feeds 
on Galeopsis ladanum, var. canescens, Schultz, a variety of the common red " Hemp 
Nettle." The beetle is easily swept off the plant, on which it may be seen sitting, 
but jumps very strongly when in the net. — Horace Donisthorpe, 58, Kensington 
Mansions, South Kensington ; October I4:th, 1905. 

Apian hrunnipes. Boh. (= Isevigatum, Kirby), in Suffolk. — Whilst searching at 
the roots of Echium vulgare in the Lowestoft district on August 31st last for 
Ceuthorrhynchus echii, F., I came across this Apion in some numbers, but as 1 did 
not recognise it at the time I bottled only eight specimens, seven of them $ s, with 
the bright violet coloured elytra peculiar to their sex, the solitary male being entirely 
black, and extremely diminulive— almost as small as A. alomarium. 

The species was described by Kirby from specimens taken by Sheppard near 
Ipswich, and does not appear to have been recorded for the county since. 

I do not know Filago gallica, the plant upon which the insect is said to pass 
its early stages, but as it is recorded as occurring on sandy wastes in the south- 
eastern portion of Britain, it is very likely to be found at the spot in question. My 
specimens of the Apion may only have been sheltering under the Echium, the day 
being a very cold and windy one. There is unfortunately a possibility of the 
locality being destroyed by building operations in the not very distant future. — E. 
C. Bbdwell, " Elmlea," Clevedon Road, Norbiton, Surrey : October lith, 1905. 

1905.] 257 

Occurrence of Amara anthohia, Villa, on the Lancashire coast. — On May 19th 
I captured several specimens of Amara at Freshfield, near Birkdale. On comparing 
them with examples of A. anthobia, Villa, which had been very kindly sent me 
by the Rev. G. A. Crawshay from Leighton Buzzard, I found that one of mine, a 
male, exactly corresponded with his insect, and this determination has been con- 
firmed by him. The insect, therefore, is not confined to the hitherto recorded 
southern localities.— J. Kidson Taylor, 35, South Avenue, Buxton : September 
2\st, 1905. 

Harpalus honestus, Duft., at Streatley, Berlis.— On an afternoon in the middle 
of August I visited a favourite old spot of mine, the chalk hills of Streatley, near 
Beading. The conditions being good for the purpose, I turned over many stones on 
the hillside in search of Harpalus caspius, which proved, however, not to be about. 
Licinus silphoides was there in the greatest abundance, and Bracldnus crepitans of 
course " fired off " on the lifting of almost every stone. I picked up Amara patricia 
and A. rufocincta, but, most noteworthy, also specimens of Harpalus honestus, 'Dnh., 
both sexes, the male of a very bright metallic green colour, the female of a silky green, 
in fact, it is the most vividly brilliant beetle which we have in the genus. Fowler 
speaks of it in " British Coleoptera " (vol. i, p. 53) as a continental form only. 
The beetle looks so very difPerent from the ordinary coal-black ignavus that it has 
been perhaps passed ovei' as the common Harpalus rubripes or mneiis. Possibly it 
may turn out to be the only form occurring on the chalk. 

Harpalus caspius I got a week or so later, just emerging and soft, on the 
hills a few miles distant from this.— W. Holland, University Museum, Oxford : 
October, 1905. 

Apian astragali, Payk., af Oxford. — At Oxford Apion astragali has occurred in 
fair numbers, in September, on Astragalus glycyphyllus, and the great abundance of 
A. sanguineiun here in the late autumn is worth noting. I took over seventy speci- 
mens in a limited space the last time I was in the field, in the belief that some one 
would want what is usually looked upon as so rare a species. — Id. 

A note on the Coleopterous genus Anisotoma, Illiger.— The economy of the 
members of the genus Anisotoma and its allies is so hidden in mystery, any fact 
that seems to give a glimpse into their life-history is worth recording. The best 
known method of capturing them is by evening sweeping, especially in the autumn, 
but large numbers of specimens have been sometimes taken in flood-rubbish. 
A. cinnamomea, Panz., is known to inhabit tlie trufile, an underground fungus, 
and I believe A. badia, Sturm, is sometimes found in plenty in moss. I 
have taken a pair of A. punctulata, Gyll , during February, out of the same 
tuft of grass away from any chance of flood. While digging up small holes in 
the sand last August at Braunton Burrows, North Devon, I found at the bottom 
of four of them three specimens of A. ciliaris, Schmidt, and one A. calcarata, Er. 
In holes, exactly similar and close by, I took Bledius pallipes, Gr., Dyschirius 
impunctipennis. Daws., and Bembidium pallidipenne, 111. Since then, when 

258 [November, 

turning over small stones in a sand pit, I came across a pair of A. calcarala under 
one stone, one of the beetles heiiio; in a small burrow. Most probably the natural 
habitat of most of the species of Anitofoma is underp;round, and I think that their 
occurrence in numbers in flood rubbish, in company with Qeodephaga, &c., points 
to this.— NoEMAN H. Joy, Bradfield : September 29th, 1905. 

Leptusa analis, Oyll, J^c.,in Teesdale, Co. Durham. — About the middle of June 
I had the pleasure of spending a few days with Mr. Gardner at Egglestone in Tees- 
dale, where, under my host's kindly guidance, T was enabled to add several good 
things to my collection. The most interesting beetle wis undoubtedly Leptusa 
analis, Gyll., of which I took two rather small examples from a fungus. So far as I 
know this species has been taken but twice in England : in Dean Forest by the late 
W. G. Blatch, and more recently in Devonshire, where Mr. J. H. Keys has captured 
several examples. At Sharnbury Gill, a little known wooded dene in the heart 
of the moors, Melasoma ceneum, L., occurred in plenty on alders, and the rare 
Melandryid, Ahdera flmuosa, Pk., in a Polypnrus (P. radiatus) growing on the same 
tree. In Teesdale proper we found Agathidium nigripenne, Kug., several species of 
Epureea, and divers Staphylinidfp, in fungus ; Antliohium sorhi, Gyll., Cychramus 
and Anaspis geoffroyi, Mull, {fasciata, Forst.), and its var. suofasrAata, Steph., on 
hawthorn blossom ; Sinodendron cylindricum, L., in fallen ash trees, in great pro- 
fusion ; Cis hidentatus, 01., and Tetratoma fungorum, F., in a large white fungus 
growing on birch ; and Cis festivus, Pz., and C. nitidus, TTerbst, in a Polyporus, 
attached to beech, beneath the bark of which Cerylon ferruginewn, Steph., and 
various species of Rhizophagus occurred. Rhagium hifasciatum, F., was noticed in a 
hard and apparently sound beech, and from the same tree we obtained not a few 
Priohium castaneum, F., and Ptilinus pectinicornis, L., pairs of the former being 
found in cop. beneath the beech bark. On the moors, Corymhites cupreus, ¥., and 
the var. eeruginosus, F., were flying in plenty, and Calathus micropterus, Duft., was 
fairly common running about the heath. Molanotus rufipes, Kerbst, Liodes hume- 
ralis, Kug., Tropiphorus tomentosus, Marsh., A2:ihndius lapponum, Gyll., &c., were 
also met with. Some Longicorn larvae found in alder in Sharnbury Gill we thought 
to be those of Saperda scalaris, L., a biennial species. My thanks are due to 
Mr. Newbery — to whose kindness I am indebted in many ways— for identifying 
the XepiMsa.— RiCHAED S. Bagnall, Winlaton-on-Tyne : October 9th, 1905. 

Lepidoptera in Scotland.—This year I was fortunately able to do a little col- 
lecting, chiefly in the north of Scotland, during the month of June. The season 
was too early for any great variety of species, at any rate in the higher latitudes. 
But the following list will show that much might be done by assiduous work on the 
high moors, especially as I was prevented by lameness from transgressing beyond 
the roads or beaten tracks. On the north coast the following species were obtained : 
Argynnis selene (one), Hadena glauca, Scodiona helgiaria, Ypsipetes impluviata, 
Eupithecia castigata (with some fine varieties), E. nanata, Rumia cratsegata, Botys 
fuscalis, Herbtda cespitalis, Dicroravipha politana, Cnephasia musculana, Toririx 
ministrana, Phoxopteryx biarcuana, lundana, and m.yrtillana, Penthina dimidiana, 
Eupcecilia ciliella, and what appears to be a very brilliant and unusual form of 
Orapholitha ulicetana, which occurred on the cliffs near the sea, far from any gorse. 

1906.] 259 

Halonota pflugiana and a few Grapholifha campolilinna had just emerged. The 
onlj Tortrix that was really abundant was Graphnlitha nxvana, var. geminana, 
which occurred in multitudes wherever any bireh bushes could be found to grow. 
P. mixtana was about, but much woi*n, and I took one Clepsis rusticana. 

Moving southwards to Aviemore about the 12th of the month, insects were 
much more in evidence. Argynriis selene and euphrosyne, Cosnonyvipha pawphilus, 
and Lycwna alexis, wei'e as yet the only butterflies, if we except the two smaller 

On the 16th, driving homewards through the forest of Kothiemurchus, about 
an hour and a half before sunset, I came upon a patch of ground which was evi- 
dently the chosen home in that district of Bomhyx richi. It was a fine sight to see 
the males careering over the moor with their peculiar waving flight ; then suddenly 
yielding to some impulse, one of them would every now and then soar straight up- 
ward at headlong speed till the eye could no longer follow it ; and after a half 
minute or so would swoop down as rapidly and subside beneath the thick heather. 
During a drive of nearly a quarter of a mile fhis spectacle was renewed again and 
again ; yet, strange to say, though we passed through similar scenery for at least 
half an hour not another ruti presented itself ; nor did I see the insect anywhere 
else during my tour. The day was an extremely hot one, and this may have 
accounted for the strange antics performed by the insect ; but one could not help 
marvelling at the prodigious vitality manifested, and the abandon of enjoyment 
evidently experienced. I was forcibly reminded of the drumming snipe in Wicken 
Fen at the same season of the year. 

I expect a search for larvae would have well repaid the collector. The few that 
I turned up were mostly common species : Poecilocampa p>opuli, Cheimatnhia brum- 
ata and horeata, Hyhernia dejoliaria, Hypsipetes elutata, *Cdbera pusaria and exan- 
themata, but I could not search at night, which is the best method of obtaining 

Among Noctuse, Cymatophora dnpJaris was common by beating, Xylophasia 
rurea and Hadena dentina on posts. Among the Qeometrse, one specimen of Eupi- 
thecia virgaureata, a few ahsynthiata, saiyrata, and helveticaria, the latter nearly 
over. The beautiful white var. of Cidaria corylata, was rare. No other species 
of interest was seen. 

The Tortrices were beginning to appear in numbers. Besides most of the 
Sutherlandshire species, T found Amphysa gerningana, Penthina sauciana and mar- 
ginana, Coccyx vacciniana', C. ustomaculana, Mixodia, schulziana, Phoxopteryx 
uncana, P. unguicana, Bicrorampha plumiagana, and tanaceti,' Stigmonota cogna- 
tana and cosmophorana, Catoptria cana, Pcedisca bilunana, EpMppiplwra cirsiana 
and a melanic form of Spilonota ocellana. 

The Tineina were more interesting. Nemophora swammerdaynella, N. schwartz- 
iella and pilella, all uncommon. Plutella dalella and annulatella. Gelechia solu- 
tella, in splendid condition, G. ericetella, swarming everywhere ; 0. sequax, a very 
fine form, and G. proximella. Jncurvaria muscalella and oshlmanniella, Swammer- 
damia griseocapitella, CEcoplwra subaquilella, Gracilaria tringipennella and elongella, 
Argyresthia conjugella and arceuthella, Glyphipteryx thrasonella, Pavcalia leuwenhoe- 
kella, Elachista Mlmunella and eleochariella. Coleophora fuscedinella, ocJirea, junci- 
* Surely, larvas of C. pusaria and exanthemata would not be found in the middle of June,— G. T. P. 

260 fNovember, 

colella, and csespiiiUella, Ocnerosioma piniariella, Chauliodus chserophyllellus. Ornix 
loganclla and scoticella, Lithocollctis faginella, pomifoUella, froelichiella, caledoniella, 
spinolella, stettinensis, and heegerielJa ; and most surprising of all, a specimen of 
what Mr. W. Holland has returned to me as Oxyptilus teucrii, from the extreme 
north of Sutherlandshire. 

Three days subsequently at Rannoch produced no additions of interest ; all 
the species taken being well known inhabitants, unless Scnpula decrepitalis be con- 
sidered worthy of remark. I am indebted to the kindness of Dr. McCallum of 
Rannoch and Pitlochry for specimens of some of the local rarities, which I was too 
late for, as Trochilium scoUcBforme, Asferoscopus nubeculosus, Nyssia lapponaria, 
Fidonia carhonaria, and Anarta cordigera. Had I been able to sugar or collect at 
night, I have no doubt the above list would have been largely increased. As it is, 
it was sufficient to give one a very pleasant impression of the Scottish collecting in 
the early summer. — C. T. Cruttwell, Ewelme Rectory, Wallingford : Oct., 1905. 

Note on Eupithecia extensa7'ia.— Whilst on a ten days' collecting expedition 
at Wicken Fen, in June last, in company with Mr. T. A. Lofthouse, on the 15th we 
went over to Hunstanton to ascertain if Eupithecia extensaria was yet in evidence. 
Though apparently not yet fully out, it was very satisfactory to find that the species 
still held its own on the old ground. — Geo. T. Porritt, Edgerton, Huddersfield : 
October 6th, 1905. 

Cnephasia communana, S.-S., in Surrey. — On June 4th, 1904, wishing to find 
for the late Mr. C. Gr. Barrett the almost (or quite) unknown larva of Tortrix osseana, 
I walked over to a rough piece of ground some six miles from here where I had 
noticed the imago commonly the previous summer ; after a vain search for two hours 
I was coming away, but noticing some small things on the wing, I put up my net, 
and soon beat from one of the scattered bushes a Cnephasia ? , which I was about 
to throw away as " only virgaureana " when it struck me that it was an unusually 
early date for this species to be on the wing, and upon closer examination I saw I 
had netted something very different. I soon beat out five more, and having no 
more boxes with me returned home. Luckily I had in my cabinet a single specimen 
of communana taken years ago in Cambridgeshire, and by its aid was enabled to make 
out my captures. I went again in the afternoon and took twenty more, nearly all 
in the finest condition. Upon sending some to Mr. Barrett he at once confirmed 
my opinion, and remarked that he had seen no freshly captured specimens for a very 
long time. On June 3rd last I found it again, but owing to the strong wind could 
only capture a very few ; then came a week of heavy rain and bitterly north-east 
winds, quite preventing any collecting, and when I paid my next visit it was almost 
over and in quite worthless condition. I may note two points of interest — (1) It is 
apparently exceedingly local ; (2) Its (for a Cnephasia) exceptionally early appear- 
ance, for in normal seasons it must begin to emerge the last week in May ! I was 
unable to find the larva on April 20th, but hope to do so next spring ; it is I expect 
polyphagous on low plants. — A. Thurnall, Thornton Heath : Sept. 25th, 1905. 

T'anessa antiopa in Kent. — While cycling in the neighbourhood of Ash, near 
Sandwich, on September 12th, I saw a very fine specimen of V. antiopa ; not 

905.] 261 

having a net I was nnable to capture the insect, it flew very slowly in front of nie, 
and settled on some dwarf elms by the roadside. I made a futile attempt to 
capture it with my cap, with the usual result. I visited the place on the two 
following days, but did not sec it again. It appeared to be a female and in fine 
condition. — T. Dudley Willson, Dudley House, Ramsgate : October, 1905. 

Sotne Welnh Hymenoplera, with note on Ovijbehis muci-onatua and its prey ; 
also possible relationship of Osmia xanthomelana and Sapyga. — -While painting at 
Aberdovey (Merioneth), in July, 190 + , I spent a few hours on the sandhills, &c., 
after Symenoptera. Tlie weather was as a rule suitable, but the commoner species, 
with the exception of Pompilus pltimbeus, Mimesa unicolor, Mellinus arvensis and 
Cerceris arenaria, were by no means abundant Oxybelns was, however, well 
represented, and I obtained a good series in fine condition of both mucronatus and 
mandibularis ; uniglumis being as usual most in evidence. I was much interested 
watching the beautiful silvery ? s of mucronatus dragging the bodies of an almost 
equally silvery ( (J ) fly (whicli Colonel Yerbury has kindly named as Thereva annu- 
lata, Fab., to their burrows. I took them, however, with both sexes of this fly, and as 
the ( ? ?) is brown it was not solely a question of " birds of a feather." O. nigripes 
I searched for in vain. Tachytes unicolor occurred freely on flat patches of sand, as 
did Agenia variegata on shale walls. The common Tachytes pectinijpes was less 
abundant, but among the few I took was one with a golden face, the usual character- 
istic of the rare lativalvis. Mr. Saunders has, however, relegated it to its proper 
place as a var. of the humble pectinipes. ISapyga 5-pnnctata swarmed along all 
the roads, and its behaviour in connection with a nest of the scarce Osmia xantho- 
melana may be worth noting, since Sapyga's method of obtaining a livelihood 
seems to be not definitely ascertained as yet. Though I watched the burrows of 
the Osmia on many occasions, I was never able to see Sapyga enter one. The fact 
remains however (for what it may be worth) that the Sapygas (all ? s) took, at 
least, a violent interest in the Osmias (also ? s). I frequently saw the vicinity of 
the burrows clear of Sapyga at one moment, while directly an Osmia returned 
there were, as if by magic, perhaps half-a-dozen Sapygas flocking round the 
burrow she had entered. Directly she left (but not until then) the Sapygas would 
go to the mouth of tlie burrow and apparently peer into it — but, as I have said, I 
did not see one actually enter. I can only say for certain that the Sapygas were 
exceedingly interested in every movement of xanthomelana. Of Colletes daves- 
iana, whose burrows swarmed all round that of the Osmia, they certainly took not 
the smallest notice, and I cannot help thinking that something more than curiosity 
prompted them to act as they did.— C. H. Moetimee, Holmwood : Oct. 10th, 1905. 

Aculeate Hymenoptera in the Neio Forest. — I spent about two months this year 
in the New Forest at Brockenhurst, from July 7th to the end of August. The 
first three weeks proved very successful for collecting, but after that the weather 
changed, and the rest of the time might be called distinctly bad. In the following 
list the number of specimens is stated when less than half-a-dozen or more were 
taken : Methoca ichneumonides, 3 $ . Mutilla europcea, 2 $ and 1 J . Pom- 
pilus plumbeus, $ and J; P. pectinipes, 2 $; P. mi.nuttdus, 1 ?. Salius affinis, 


262 [Novembev, 

3 ? . Agenia hircaiia, ? only. Aslata stigma, $ and ? iilentifuUj- Spilomena 
troglodytes, 1 ? . Sligmvs sohkyi, 1 ? . Pemphredon morio, 1 ? , nesting in a 
decayed beech-stump. Passaluecus comiger, 3 9 . Miniesa shuckardi, ? and (J ; 
M. equestris, 1 c? and 1 9 on wild carrot ; M. dahlbomi, 3 9 , nesting in a decayed 
and dry beech slump. Cerceris lahiatn, ? and $. Oxybei'tts mandibular 1.1,^ 9- 
Crabro cetratus, 3 9 ; C". anxius, 1 9 ; C". dimidiatus, 9 and S • C. signalus, 2 9 ; 
C. ncutellatus, 9 s only ; C. interruptus, 1 9 ; C'- Utnratus, 2 9 and 1 <? ; C. vagus, 
9 and (? ; C. panzeri, 9 and (? . Eumenes coarctata, 1 9 • Odynerus reniformix, 
1 9; O. trifasciatus, \ 9, O. trimarginatus, \ '^•, O. gracilis, \ 9 audi ^: /Ta- 
lictus prasinus, 9 and (J. Andrena dentlculata, 9 and <? . Nomada obtusifrons, 
1 9 • Ccelioxys acuminata, 1 9 j Stelis phaeoptera, 2 ^ ; S. octomaculata, 1 9 • 
Osmia leucomelana, 1 9 • — Gr- Arnold, University of Liverpool : October, 1905. 

Pocota apiforviis, Schrank, at Colcltester. — On May 9th I took a fine speci- 
men of this rare Syrpliid flying round a birch tree ; this is the first example 
recorded from Essex. — Bernard Smith ITarwood, 9t, Station Road, Colchester: 
October Uth, 1905. 

Tropideres sepicola, F., at Colchester. — On September 7th I was fortunate in 
benting an example of this rare beetle from hazel in a wood near here. Subsequent 
visits failed to produce another. I am indebted to Mr. G-. C. Champion for 
naming the insect, which had not previously been recorded from P'ssex. — Id. 

Libellula fulva at Colchester. — I captured a fine specimen of this rare dragon- 
fly on June lUth ; I netted it when it was on the wing, supposing it to be L. 
depressa ! — Id. 

Macropterous Nabis, Sf'c.,at Colchester. — During the present season I have taken 
macropterous specimens of three usually brachypterous Hemiptera : Nabis brevi- 
pennis, N. lativentris, and a 9 Leptoplerna dolobrata ; the macropterous 9 of '^^is 
last has not I think been previously recorded from Britain. All the specimens 
were taken within two miles of the town. — Id. 

The late J. W. Douglas as a writer on Coccidse. — I am indebted to Mr. C. W. 
Dale for pointing out that in the obituary notice of Mr. Douglas in our last Number 
no mention was made of his connection with the study of Coccidce. This I much 
regret, especially as the pages of this Magazine have so often contained valuable 
papers from his pen on the subject ; beyond this, as Mr. Dale suggests, his work 
has encouraged many others to take up the study of this difiicult group of insects, 
so that whereas at the time he began writing he was practically alone the Coccidce 
have since been ably studied by Messrs. Newstead, Comstock, Green, Maskell, and 
others. — E. Saunders, St. Ann's, Woking: October 12th, 19u5. 



A Study of the Aquatic Coleopteea and theik Surroundings in the 
Norfolk Bhoads District : by Frank Balfour Browne, M.A., F.R.S.E., 
F.Z.S. (Reprinted from the Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' 
Society, vol. viii). 

We have much jDleasure in callint; attention to this important paper, which is a 
valuable contribution to the bionomics of an interesting and, at present, perhaps 
rather neglected section of our native Cnlenptera. The district investigated has 
long been known to be more than usually rich in water-beetles, and the thorough and 
exhaustive manner in which Mr. Balfour Browne has done his work is evident from 
the number of " collections "—no fewer than 1079 in ten months -from which his 
data and observations have been drawn. 7fi species of Hy^radephaga (not including 
the Gyrinidce), and 41 species of the more aquatic forms of Palpicornia, comprising 
all but a very few of those known to occur in Norfolk, have been observed ; and the 
elaborate tables on pp. 70 and 71 show at a glance the distribution and relative 
abundance of each species in the different sub-districts. A large proportion of our 
rarer water-beetles are included in this list, and the finding again, after so many 
years, of Hydroporus scalesianus in the county whence the original specimens 
described by Stephens carae, is of exceptional interest, as is also the re-discovery of 
the long-lost fen species, Rhantus adspersus and Graphoderes cinereus. The notes 
on distribution and dispersal, and the table of associated species, are of very high 
value, and the paper as a whole is well worthy of careful study by every one 
interested in our Coleopterous fauna. 

Report of Work of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar 
Planters' Association : Division of Entomology. Bulletin I, Pt. I, pp. 90-111, 
Pis. 1 — V, Leaf Hoppers and their Natural Enemies (Pt. iii, Shfopidce). 
By R. C. L. Perkins. 

The first of these interesting Bulletins on the Enemies of the Leaf Hoppers 
was noticed in the August Number of this Magazine, and dealt with the Dryinidce 
a family of parasitic Hymenoptera. This 3rd Part deals with the Stylopidoo, a 
parasitic family of the Coleoptera. In this country Stylopidce are rare, and chiefly 
represented by the genus Stylopa which attacks Aculeate Hymenoptera ; the other 
. known genera, Elenchus, parasitic on " Leaf Hoppers," and Halictophagits, of 
doubtful habits, being of extreme rarity. In America, Elenchus and Halictophagus 
appear to be more or less abundant and constant parasites on Leaf Hoppers, and it 
is suggested to employ them as a means of checking the spread of the " hoppers." 
Mr. Perkins observes that " lioppers " which have nourished a ^ parasite invariably 
die after the emergence of tlie Stylopid, partly, he thinks, because the hole left in 
the integument lets in the air, and partly because round the orifice a fungoid 
growth forms ; this fungus has also been noticed round the protruded head of 
the ? , and is invariably fatal. So that to effect a satisfactory check on the 
Hoppers, he thinks the fungus should be introduced as well as the Stylopid. In 
his remarks on the genus Halictophagus, Mr. Perkins inclines to the belief that this 
genus is a Jassid parasite and not a Hymenopterous one, and as he says he has 
not the literature with him to deal with this point, I quote the account of the 
original capture of the S by J. C. Dale, as quoted by Curtis in his British 
Entomology from Mr. Dale's letter : — 

Y 2 

264 rNovember, 

"I took Halictophagus curtisii the 15th of Inst Au£;u8t, in company with the 
males of Halictus leratus, whieli were in plenty, by brushing some long coarse grass 
and thistles close to the sea on a rock called Durdle Door at Lulworth Oove ; in one 
of the Halicii I found a pupa, so exactly at the apex of the abdomen, that T mis- 
toot it for an appendage and killed the bee ; otherwise I should have bred the 
imago as it was nearly matured." 

As the locality is just such as would have abounded in Homopterous life, 
Mr. Perkins' belief is, I think, very probably likely to prove coi'reet. The treatise 
ends with a classification of the f^tylopiilce and a Bibliogrnphy. and is illustrated 
with four excellent uncoloured plates It is altogether a most interesting and 
instructive pamphlet. — E. S. 

The South London Entomological and Natubal History Society : 
Thursday, August 2Uh, 1905.— Mr. Hitgh Main, B.Sc, President, in the Chair. 

Mr. Carr exhibited Trmna {Acronycia) tridevs, ? from Clandon with larvae, 
and bred specimens of T. p.ti. Mr. Harrison, a short series of Phorodesma smarag- 
daria bred from Essex larvse. Mr. Main, a large exotic Longicorn beetle taken 
alive at Silvertown. Mr. West (Greenwich), ordinary undeveloped forms and 
developed forms of the Hemipteron, Nahis hrempennix from Darenth. 

Thursday, September \Uh, 1905.— The President in the Chair. 

The President referred in suitable terms to the death of Mr. N. E. Warne, for 
years an active Member of the Society. 

Mr. South, a series of Ac'idalia virgularia (incanaria) bred about the end of 
April, and pointed out that the specimens were unusually dark and large, whereas 
a series bred in July from parents in the April brood were small and light like the 
? from whose ova the April brood originated ; (2) Rhacodia emargana, with 
V. caudana, v. effractana, and v. excavana ; and (3) a bred series of Coremia 
unidentaria, and contributed notes. Mr. Goulton, excellent photographs of Lepi- 
dopterous larvse. Mr. Smallman, a beautiful xanthic variety of Ccenonympha 
pamphilus, taken on Wimbledon Common in August. Mr. Kaye for Mr. Eichards, 
(1) series of Acidalia dihifaria, one of normal forms, the other of darker and 
yellowish specimens; (2) Macaria lifnrata, v. nigrofulvata ; and (3) pupae of 
Anarta myrtilli. Mr. West (Greenwich), a large collection of butterflies from 
West Africa. Mr. Main, a photograph of a larva of Phorode.ima smaragdaria . 
Mr. Sich, larvse and cases of Coleophora laripennella on Chenopodium. Mr. South, 
larvse and case of C. Umosipennella from birch at Oxshott. Mr. Penn-Gaskell, ova 
clusters of Ocneria dispar from San Sebastian, where they were abundant in early 
September. Dr. Chapman, examples of JErehia scipio from the Basses Alpes, and 
the white glistening cocoons of the Coccid Eriopeltis festuccp, and contributed 
notes. — Hy. J. Turner, Hon. Secretary. 

Entomological Society of-London: Wednesday, October 5th, 1905.— Mr. 
F. Meheifield, President, in the Chair. 

1905.] 265 

Mr. J. R. Davidson, of Drumsliengh Gardens, Edinburgli, was elected a Fellow 
of the Societj. 

The President said that since the last meeting the University of Oxford had con- 
ferred upon Commander J. J. Walker, R.N., one of the Secretaries, the degree of 
M.A , honoris causa, for services to Entomological Science. 

Mr. Kdward Harris showed living larvae of the Longieorn beetle, Cordylompr'i 
suturalis, Chevr., taken from a log of mahogany imported from the Setondi district 
of the Gold Coast, together with the perfect insect, which was dead at the time the 
discovery was made. Mr. A. T. Rose, a remarkable melanic specimen of Catocala 
mipta, taken by Mr. Lewis in his garden at Hornsey, in September. The colo- 
ration of the lower wings was of a dull brown, and all the markings of the upper 
wings strongly intensified. Dr. Norman H. Joy, Coleoptera taken during a three days' 
trip to Lundy Island in August, including M elanophthalma (Listing uenda. Com., a 
species new to Britain ; Stenus ossiuni, var. insularis, a variety apparently new to 
science ; and a series of Ceuthorrhynchus contractus, var. pallipes, Crotch, a form 
peculiar to the island. Mr. Alfred Sich, examples of Argyresthia illumino.tella, Z., 
two of the four specimens taken near Hailsham, Sussex, on June 15th this year. 
They were beaten off Pinus, and until examined with a lens were supposed to be 
< tcncroatoma piniariella, of which species two were also exhibited for comparison. 
Mr. W. J. Lucas, the larva, cocoon, and the subsequent imago of an " ant-lion," 
Myrmeleon formicarius, from two Spanish larvfje given him by Dr. T. A. Chapman 
last autumn. The difference in size between the small larva and the large perfect 
insect was remarkable. He also showed a living ? of Stenohothrus rufipes, taken in 
the New Forest at the end of August, and kept alive feeding on grass. Mr. G. C. 
Champion, several examples of Lymexylon navaZe, L.,from the New Forest, whence it 
had not been previously recorded. Mr. A. H. Jones, series of Lycoena argus var. Tiypo- 
chiona, Ramb. (osgon, Schiff.), taken on the North Downs this year, approaching the 
form L. argyrognomon, taken not uncommonly in the Rhone Valley. Together with 
these he had arranged for comparison typical British L. argus, L., L. var. Corsica 
from Tattone, Corsica, and a series of L. argyrognomon, Brgstr. (argus, auctorum), 
from Chippis near Sierre. Col. J. W. Yerbury, specimens of Hammerschmidtia 
ferruginea,¥\n-, the first authentic British specimens taken at Nethy Bridge this year ; 
Microdon latifrons, Lw., wrongly identified as M. devius, and under this name 
recorded in Verrall's "British Flies"; Chamcesyrphus scoevoides, Fin, a single 
specimen swept on June 15th, 1905, in the Aberncthy Forest near Forest Lodge; 
and Cynorrhina fallax, L., which insect occurred in some numbers at Nethy Bridge 
during the same month. Mr. H. J. Turner, series of four species of the genus Coleo- 
phora, C. alcyonipennella, C. lixella, C. alhitarsella , and C. hadiipennella, together 
with the larval cases mounted in situ on the ruined leaves of their respective food 
plants ; also, living larvse and their cases, of Qoniodoma limoniella on Statice limo- 
niuni, Coleophora ohtusella on Juncus maritimus, and C. glaucicelella (?) on Juncus 
glaucus , which three species he had just received from Mr. Eustace R. Bankes, who 
had obtained them in the Isle of Wight. Commander J. J. Walker read a paper 
by Mr. A. M. Lea entitled " The Blind Coleoptera of Australia and Tasmania," and 
exhibited specimens of Illaphanus stephensi, Macl., from Watson's Bay, Sydney, 
N.S.W., and Phycoclms graniceps, Broun, and P. sulcipennis. Lea, from Hobart, 
Tasmania. — H. Rowland Brown, M.A., Hon. Secretary. 

266 [November, 




{Continued from page 233). 

We now come to the Coleoptera, the Order of insects perhaps 
best represented of all in the Sydney district ; and my experience 
there enables me to state that, outside the more luxuriant regions of 
the Tropics, there are few if any localities where a really fine and 
handsome series of beetles can be so readily brought together in a 
short time by a diligent collector. The number of species occurring 
within a radius of twenty miles from Sydney can hardly, at the lowest 
estimate, fall short of 2000, and all the leading groups, with possibly 
the exception of the Brachelytra, are more or less conspicuously re- 
presented ; while the Sternoxi, the PhytopJiaga, the Longicorns, and 
especially the weevils, present an almost endless variety of curious 
and interesting forms. Most of these are, however, not readily to be 
found by the newly-arrived Coleopterist, unless he happen to arrive 
at Sydney in the early part of the summer, when the number of large 
and showy beetles to be seen everywhere in the " bush " will not fail 
to compel his admiration. 

At the time of my first visit to Sydney, in the middle of February, 
1900, very many species of Coleoptera were over for the season, and 
comparatively few were in evidence in the open. But after a few 
preliminary excursions beetles were found abundantly enough ; and 
I found that the most remunerative method of collecting, at this time 
of year and for several months afterwards, was to pick off the flakes 
of exfoliating b:irk from the trunks of the gum-trees into a net, or 
still better, into an inverted umbrella. The quantity and variety of 
insect life revealed in this way is at times quite startling, and it is as 
well to " stand from under " when an unusually large piece of bark 
is pulled off, or the collector may find himself in a veritable shower- 
bath of beetles, cockroaches, centipedes, and spiders little and big ; 
some of the latter with legs extending over a space of five or six 
inches in diameter, are it is true harmless enough, but are none the 
less somewhat unpleasant creatures to get down one's back. The very 
poisonous scarlet and bliicl< spider, Latro(hctus hasselfi (identical with 
the notorious " Katipo " of New Zealand), is sometimes found in this 
situation, but is more frequently seen under logs and stones in dry 
places, where it preys chiefly on large terrestrial weevils and other 
beetles. Scorpions, too, are often rather common under bark, especially 
in the Tllawarra district, but are of small size and sluggish habits ; and 
more than once T have met with venomous snakes lurking under the 
large sheets of loose bark on fallen trees. 

1905.] 267 

It is here possible to rcifer to only a few of the multitudinous 
forms of beetles which hide, during the day, under the flakes of bark 
on the Eucalypti. The most numerous individually are several species 
of the Elaterid genera Monocrepidius and Lacon^ the latter varying 
in size from that of a small Cryptohypnus up to nearly an inch in 
length. Next in point of numbers come a very interesting series of 
Garabidx, whose flattened bodies are admirably adapted to their some- 
what conflned quarters. The smaller members of the genera Trigono- 
thops, Xanthophcea, Sarothrocrepis, Ecfroma, Philophloeus, Agonocheila, 
etc., are always to the fore, with more rarely a rather fine species of 
Demetrias {brachinoderus, Chaud.) ; and in early summer the larger 
and exceedingly beautiful blue Enigma iris, Newm., and Helluosoma 
cyaneum. Cast., are met with rather sparingly. All these are remarka- 
ble for their activity, especially the two last-mentioned, but in this 
respect they are far surpassed by the species of the characteristic 
Australian genus SiJphomorpha, v/hich. look like miniature cockroaches, 
and run even faster ; and the yet more anomalous Adelotopus, almost 
like a Oyrinits in facies, and with similarly divided eyes. A good 
many interesting small Glavicorns are found iu this situation, with an 
endless variety of Coccinellidcs, mostly of the genus Rhizohius, some 
of them of relatively large size, and several species of the curious 
and very sluggish Lamellicorn genera McBchidius and Epholcis ; various 
interesting forms of CleridcB, of which the flat brown Nafalis porcata, 
F., is the largest ; and a goodly number of Heteromera {JVycfobates, 
Adelium, Menephilus, Fterohelceus, ApeUatus, Ananca, and the bril- 
liantly metallic but evil-smelling species of Amarygmus and Ghalcop- 
teriis). Our Tenebrioides maiir it aniens, L., more than once surprised 
me by turning up under bark in the "■ bush " far away from any 
habitation. A few Longicorns are also to be got in this way, including 
several species of PhoracantJia, and the largest Prionid of the district, 
Mallodon Jiguratuin, Newm., is sometimes to be found at the end of 
summer. The very remarkable Paussid, Artkropterus brevis, Westw., 
is common, even in the Domain, where 1 first had the satisfaction of 
witnessing its well-marked power of "' crepitation ;" the volatile liquid 
which it emits is deep yellow in colour, has exactly the same smell as 
that given off by our familiar Brachinus crepitans, and stains the 
fingers in the same manner. Two or three other Faussidce, one, Fky. 
matoperus piceus, Westw., being a very fine form, occur sparingly in 
the lilawarra district, but i have never found any of the species in 
the company of ants. 

Thick bark, separating from the trunks of fallen trees and logs, 

268 [November, 19u5. 

produces another equally interesting set of beetles, especially in the 
lUawarra. Here I have found, among many other species, the large 
and handsome Carabid, Homalosoma cyajieum, Cast., and the smaller but 
equally interesting Lacordairia cychroicles, Cast., Moriodema parra- 
viattensis, Cast., and Siagonyx mastersi, Macl. The very fine Oucujidce, 
Ipsaphes bicolor, Olliff, and /. mcerosus, Pasc, are both rare, as are also 
Hectartkrmn brevifossum, Newm., and the curious linear Gempylodes 
tmetus, Oil. ; but Brontes lucius, Pasc, and B. milifnris, Pasc, Den- 
drophagus australis, Er., various species of Meryx, Bot/irideres, Dere- 
taplirus, Brnchypeplus, Teretrius, Platysoma, and other Clavicorus are 
more or less plentiful. A very handsome bronzy Heteromeron, with 
curiously spiked thorax, Blepegenes aruspex, Pasc, sometimes occurs 
rather commonly, with Platydema and the allied blue Ceropria pere- 
grina, Pasc, and the rarer black C. valga, Pasc. Many species of 
weevils, too, are found iu this way, notably several forms of Poropterus, 
not unlike Acalles on a large scale ; also the interesting Brenthidcd, 
Ceocephalus internatus, Pasc, C. tenuipes, Pasc, and Trachelizus Jiowitti, 
Pasc, as well as the pretty little red and black Cosaonus p>'>'(sustus, 
Redt., and some interesting small forms of Scolytidce. 

Turning over stones 1 have never found very productive, but logs 
always repaid examination, when not too much infested vi^ith Termites. 
The fine ScaritidcB so plentiful in some parts of the interior of 
Australia are not well represented near Sydney, only one Carenum 
(honellii, Brulle) having occurred to me ; but the large and robust 
black Scaraphites macleayi, Westw., is still sometimes taken on the 
same ground near Darling Point, now part of the city, where it was 
first found fully forty years ago. The Garahidoe to be obtained under 
logs include the pretty red spotted Episcomius australis, Dej., the 
large and handsome Carahus-Yike Pamhorus alternans, Latr., the flat 
brown Helluo costatus, Bon. ; Morio australis, Cast, (usually on heaps 
of sawdust at the Illawarra sawmills), several species of Notonomus 
(allied to Pterostichus) , one or two of them, as N. regalis, Cast., and 
N. triplogenoides, Chaud., being very fine and conspicuous beetles ; 
Eutoma IcBve, Cast, (rare), and several species of Clivina, of which 
some, as C. procera, Sloaue, are of quite respectable size. Pheropsophus 
verticalis, Dej., is not uncommon in rather damp places, and is a very 
efiicient " Bombardier ;" and the singular sluggish dull black Mystro- 
pomus suhcostatus, Chaud., whose facies somewhat recalls that of 
Blaps, also possesses a well-marked power of "crepitation." It is 
found not rarely under deeply embedded logs in the National Park 
and Illawarra. In wet places under logs, GJtlcenius marginatus, Dej., 

December, 1905.] 269 

and austrnlis, Dej., Dicrochile gori/i, Bdv., and the fine 7). gif/ns, Cast. 
(in the National Parli), and the beautiful green HololeitiK nitidulus, 
Dej., occur, but the last-mentioned is very rare. Three or four species 
of PassalidcB of considerable size, belonging to the genera Aidacocycliis 
and Mastochilus, are met with under the larger logs, with the fine 
stag-beetles Lissonotus nebidosus, Kirby, and Lamprima cenea. Fab., 
the last-mentioned being often seen on the wing, or walking about in 
the sunshine. The curious small Coprid, Cephalodesmius armiger, 
Westw., is also somewhat diurnal in its habits. In the Illawarra in 
April, 1903, I found the females of this beetle busily engaged in 
filling their burrows under the logs with fresh minced-up leaves of 
clover and other low-growing plants, presumably as food for the 
larvae ; a habit which recalled to my recollection the proceedings of 
the still more singular Lethrus, which I had observed in Turkey many 
years ago provisioning its burrow with vine leaves. Liparochrus 
silphoides, Harold, allied to Trox, but having the power of rolling 
itself up like an Aqathidium, only in a lesser degree, and a fine species . 
of Bolboceras(proboscidiutn, Schreib.),are met with but rarely. Among 
the Heteromera may be mentioned the curious cylindrical Achthosus 
westwoodi, Pasc, and A. laticornis, Pasc, the latter usually found on 
the sawdust heaps in company with Morio nustralis ; one or two fine 
species of the genus Gardiofhorax, and especially the lovely little 
velvety scarlet Lemodes coccinea, Bohem., of which closely packed 
companies of a hundred or more may be sometimes seen on the fungoid 
growth beneath damp logs, looking almost like patches of fresh blood. 
The large terrestrial weevils of the genera AcanfJiolophus, TaJaurliinus, 
and Psalidura, the last rem.irkable for the conspicuous earwig-like 
armature of the abdomen in the male, are most frequently taken under 
logs, though occasionally they are found walking about in the open. 
Fungi on decayed timber produces some very pretty forms of Erotylidce 
(Episcnphula, ThalJis, &c.) with Platydema and the other small 
Reteromera. On stripping off bark, especially when it is rather fresh, 
one constantly meets with larvse of Buprestidw, Longicornes, &c., and 
huge grubs of Lamellicorn beetles abound under the larger logs, but 
it is not often that the perfect insects are found in these situations. 

Eucalyptus \)0\xg\i^\y\\\g on the ground in the "bush" which 
retain their dried leaves for an almost indefinite time, are, as already 
stated, excellent " traps " for Coleoptera. Several species of GarahidoB, 
including the prettily embossed little forms of Homothen, and the 
Heteromera, Adelium geninle, Pasc, and porcatum, Fab., the rough 
black Seirotrana cateniilata, Bdv., and the little red-spotted Platydema 
4i-spilotum, Hope, are always to be found under such boughs, and by 

270 (December, 

shaking them over paper many pretty little StapJiylinidcs, Clnvicomes, 
GleridcB (not^'bly the lovely little Lr.midia hihtris, Newm., most vividly 
coloured with vermilion atid blue-bhtck when alive), Lonrjicornes, and 
vi'eevils, including the very remarkable Methj/phorn postica, Pasc, are 
to be obtained. 

The sandy beaches at Botany Bay, Bondi and Manly yield their 
quota of interesting beetles, the Heteromerous genera Sohns, Lngri- 
oidn, Saraqus, Mecynotarsus (alheUus, Pasc, almost entirely white in 
colour), and numerous pretty little species of Anthicus, being found 
at the roots of maritime plants, while Scymenn, TrachysceHs, Bledius, 
Cafiiis, Acritus, and the singular weevil Ap^iela algarum, Pasc, occur 
on the sand under seaweed at and below high-water mark. The large 
red-headed Creophilus erythrocephalua, Fab., and the brilliant green 
Sapriniis ausfralics, Blaekb., abound equally on carrion inland and 
under dead fish on the beach, and in the latter situation the very 
singular pallid Nitidula-Yxke Staphylinid Sartallus siynatm, Sharp 
(Ent. Mo. Mag., vol. vii, p. 217), sometimes occurs in abundance. 
Early in the summer Cicindela ypsihn, Dej., makes its appearance on 
the shore in large numbers, its pale ochreous-white colour matching 
that of the snnd with such marvellous accuracy that the beetle is often 
most easily detected by its shadow, nnd even when seen its wariness, 
and the promptitude with which it takes to wing when approached, 
render it very diflScult to capture. The only other Cicindela observed 
by me near Sydney, C. mnsfersi, Cast., a small dark bronzy species, was 
met with on one occasion only (March 24th, 1900) at El vers ton near 
Parramatta, on wet mud by the roadside, where it was as well pro- 
tected as its seaside congener by its activity and assimilation to ils 

Coprophagous beetles are on the whole not very much in evidence, 
though some nice forms of Onthopliagus and allied genera are to be 
found in their usual habitat, and our Aphodius granarius^ L., and 
lividus, 01., are the commonest species of their genus. Two or three 
species of Trox may be met wnth under dry carrion, &c., with occa- 
sionally the large and handsome brown Silpha-]\ke PtomapMla lachry- 
mosa, Schreib. On one occasion I made a great haul of Trox 
australasicB, Er., under an old felt hat lying in bare hot sand. The 
water-net yields a good variety of Hydradephaga and Pliilhydrida, 
mostly of small forms, and of course including the very widely spread 
Rhantus pulverosus, Steph., but the fine large Homcdodytes {Ci/hister) 
scutellaris, Grerm., I have only taken flying to the electric arc lamps 
near the Botanic Gardens. Several Gyrinidce, some, as Macrogyrus 
ohlongus, Bdv., of considerable size, are abundant on the surface of 
running as well as standing water. 

("To be continuedj. 

1905.] 271 




Tetbopium crawshati, sp. n. 

Fere angustum, suhdepressum, nigrum, antennis tihiis tarsisque piceis ; 
vertire in medio hand, vel vix, depresso ; prothorace vix transversa, vhique 
crehre, fere cequaliter punctato (i.e., areis IcBvigatis fere nulUs), margine 
basali ohsulete elevata. Long. 12-16 mm. 

? T. gabrieli, var., Weise, Deutsche ent. Zeitscbr., 1905, p. 136. 
T.fuscum, Sharp and others, Eiit. Mo. Mag., 1903. 

In addition to the obvious, though slight, characters of form, 
colour, and punctuation, this species is distinguished from T. luridumhj 
the more imperfect articulation of the sternal pieces between the middle 
coxae, and by the (^ genitalia. The thorax is more uniformly punc- 
tate than in any other of the species, there is no definite longitudinal 
depression on the front of the head, and the basal margin of the 
thorax is more obsolete than in either of the other species that are 
generally known in Europe. There is a slight, but only a slight, 
difference in the breast of the two sexes, due to the fact that the 
mesosterum is a little less convex or protuberant beneath in the 
female. Hence the junction between the meso - and metasternal 
processes is not so visible in the male as it is in the female ; but in 
each of the sexes the junction is but imperfectly effected, more 
imperfectly in the male than in the female. 

This species is named in honour of the Eev. G. A. Crawshay, who 
has reared a very fine series of it from larch {Lnrix europoea^ at 
Leighton Buzzard, and who has most liberally presented specimens to 
the British Museum, and to various individuals in Britain and on the 
Continent. It is the species recorded by myself as T.fuscum., and 
has been taken in various localities in this country lying between 
Norfolk (Atmore) and the New Forest (Sharp, Crawshay, and E. Gr. 
Smith). The extensive series obtained shows that it is but little 
variable. It appears to be quite confined to the larch. 

In endeavouring to distinguish the species of Tetropium, there 
are two characters that should be first examined, viz., (1) the basal 
margin of the prothorax, and (2) the concavity or the convexity of 
the front of the head. The species of the mountains of Central 
Europe, T. hiridum, L., has (1), the basal margin of the thorax 

A A2 

272 [December, 

turned stron<^ly upwards in consequence of ;i deep depression ex- 
tending all across the pronotuin, and (2) the front of the head eon- 
cave and canaliculate. 

T. craioshnyi belongs to a group of three species, distinguished 
by the obsolete basal margin of the pronotum. The three species 
are : T. gracilicorne, Heitter, T. gnhrieli, Weise, and T. crawshayi, sp. 
n. T. gracilicorne is an inhabit'int of Eastern Siberia; it is extremely 
like T. crawshayi, but the thorax has shorter and less densely punctured, 
and the middle part of the head is longitudinally concave. I am in- 
debted to Herr Reitter for communicating seven individuals of his 
species ; they are all 1 have seen, the insect being represented 
neither in my own collection nor in that of the British Museum. 
The specimens sent by Herr E-eitter are unfortunately all females, 
but I have no doubt of the distinctness of these two forms. 

T. crawshayi is really nearer to T., though the two look 
very different on account of the bright red legs of the second of these 
species. This being a variable character in T. luridum I should 
have supposed T. crawshayi and gahrieli to be mere forms of one 
species, were it not that the splendid series of crawshayi obtained by 
Mr. Crawshay shows that the colour of the legs is quite constant. 
In addition to this the punctuation of the thorax is rather coarser in 
T. gahrieli. and the thorax is a little longer and narrower. The male 
genitalia offer both in the parameres and aodeagus some distinctive 
characters in the species of Tefropium, but in consequence of in- 
sufficient material I am not able to fully appreciate these differences 
in the case of T. gahrieli, and I must leave this point for subsequent 

Teteopium parctjm, sp. n. 

^ Sat angustum, haud depressum,, prothorace parum transversa, sat 
nitido, suhtiliter punctata, areis IcBvigatis parum magnis, margine hasali 
parum elevata. Long. ] 4-15 mm. 

The male, compared with the same sex of T. crawshayi, is a little 
more robust and convex, with thicker legs and antennae, has the 
vertex canaliculate and the thorax less densely and less uniformly 
punctate and rather shorter in proportion to its width, and the colour 
is different. 

The female of T. parcum differs from the male by its more slender 
legs and antennae, and by a more punctate thorax, with only very small 
and vague smooth areas on the disc. The female differs from the 

i9'j5.] 273 

female of T. luridum by the rather shorter thorax, and the longitu- 
dinallj depressed vertex, as well as by the form of the base of the 
pronotum, and by other characters. 

The important character by which this species differs from 
T. luridum, is the imperfect condition of the centre of the breast. 
'I'his exists iu both sexes, although (as is usually the case in this 
genus) there is a sexual difference in the structure at this point, due 
to the female having the meso-and prosterna more flattened than they 
are in the male. In the male the front of the mesosternum slopes 
upwards and no junction with the mesosternal process can be seen. 
In the female the mesosternal process is broader than in the male, 
and there is a considerable gap between its apex and the most promi- 
nent part of the metasternum. 

T. parcum is allied to both T. luridum and T. fuscum. It is well 
distinguished from the former by the sternal structure, by the much 
less developed basal margin of the thorax and by the more dense 
white pubescence on the base of the elytra. It is larger than 
T. fuscum, and has not the peculiar granular sculpture on the thorax 
that distinguishes T. fuscum from all the other species. 

T. parcum is at present known only by two specimens in the 
Crotch Collection of British Coleoptera iu our Museum at Cambridge. 
They are labelled '" near Manchester, 1865." Inquiry at Manchester 
has failed to elicit any further information as to their history. 

In addition to 7'. crawshayi and T. parcum, two other species, if 
not more, of Tetropium have been found in Britain. One of these 
I believe to be T. gabrieli, recently described by Weise from three or 
four specimens coming from different localities in Central Europe. 
It has been captured by Messrs. Bouskell and Donisthorpe, and 
recorded as T. castaneum (= luridum). 

The other forms were found at Hartlepool in connection with 
imported timber, by Mr. Gardner, and four specimens have been sent 
to me by Mr. K. 8. Bagnall. My information as to the forms found 
beyond Central Europe is at present not sufficient to warrant my 
dealing with them, and they can only be labelled T. luridum, var. ? 
They appear to be nearer to specimens from East Siberia than to 
those that occur in Central Europe. 

A singular confusion has prevailed as to the genus Tetropium, 
of which only three species from the Palsearctic, and two others from 
the Nearctic regions have been recognised until the present year. It 
is therefore worth recording that Mr. Champion has found T. craw- 

274 [December, 

shnyi at the Siiuplon in Switzerland, and at Macugnaga in Piedmont. 
He has also met with T. gabrieli in the Mendel Pass, Tyrol, and at 
Guarda in the Lower Engadine and at the Simplon in Switzerland. 
T. fuscum has occurred I'ecently in plenty, near Paris, in Abies 
exceha, and Mr. Chauipiou has met with it in the Lower Engadine. 

I have the pleasure of thanking Herr E. Keitter, Mr. Crawshay, 
Mr. Champion, Mr. Bouskell, Mr. Donisthor[)e, Mr. Bagnall.^ 
Mr. Saunders, and M. Paul Estiot for their assistance in communi- 
cating specimens. 

University Museum of Zoology, 
Cambridge : 

November 4th, 19l»5. 


Dacne rowLEiii, sv- n. 
Of the same size and shape as D. humerali.i, F., shining black, with head 
thorax, antenna", and legs dark ferruginous; the thorax suffused with black, the 
elytra with a spot at the shoulder reddish -yellow ; thorax and elytra punctured as 
in D. humeralis, the thoi'ax with the lateral margins much broader, making the 
anterior angles more prominent ; leirs distinctly longer an! more robust than in 
D. humeralis and D. rufifrons. Length, 3 mm. 

In colour this species is somewhat intermediate between 
D. humeralis and Z>. rwfxfrons, but the legs, and especially the 
antennae, are darker than in either. In the structure of the thorax 
it more nearly resembles D. humeralis, but the reflexed margins are 
more than twice as broad as those of the best developed specimen 
of the latter I can find. But besides these colour and structural 
differences the present species differs considerably in habits from its 
British allies. The latter are decidedly sluggish insects. They are 
generally found in fungus or under bark, and when shaken out lie 
" possum " for a short time and then walk slowly away. D. fowleri 
is much more active. I found four specimens of it at Bradfield, 
Berks, in June this year in a hole in a large oak log, where a rotten 
branch had been broken off. I disturbed them out of the dry wood, 
and when they fell down they rapidly ran off, so that I was only able 
to capture tw^o of them. I did not for a moment suspect that my 
captures belonged to this genus, their habits and general appearance 
in life being so different from those of D. humeralis and D. rufifrons. 

1905.1 275 

The only othei- allied Continental form seems to be D. humeralis, 
Mvr. Jekeli, Reitt., to which my insect cannot be referred.. 


[Er. Nat. Ins. Ueutschl., 111,316, = denticulatus, Preyssl.] 

A large and broad species, compared with other members of the genus. 

S ■ Depressed, shining, head and thorax reddish, elytra pitchy, each with a 
reddish-yellow spot on the disc, antennae ar^d legs reddish-yellow ; head large, 
broader than thorax, finely punctured ; mandibles bifid, prominent ; antennae long, 
with the joints longer than broad ; thorax very transverse, and strongly contracted 
behind, as broad as elytra, finely punctured, with a deep stria on each side parallel 
with margin, sides slightly denticulate ; elytra minutely punctured, with three 
finely punctured striae and a slender raised line near margins ; legs rather short. 

$ . Similar to the ^ , but with the reddish-yellow spots on the elytra con- 
siderably larger ; the head narrower than thorax ; the antennae shorter, with the 
joints as broad as long ; the thorax not nearly so strongly contracted behind and 
considerably narrower than the elytra. Length, 2"5 — 5 mm. 

Mr. Chitty and I took ten specimens of this most striking 
species near Streatley, Berks, on October 8th last, and I have 
subsequently taken two more examples at the same tree. They 
occurred under beech bark, in company with Litargus hifasciatus, F. 
(upon which it was probably feeding), Diplocoelus fagi, Chevr., Enic- 
mus brevicornis, Mann., &c. It appears to be not uncommon on the 
Continent under beech and plane bark. 

Melanophthalma distinguenda, Comolli. 
[Coleopt. Nov. 38, = angulata, Woll., Cat. Canar. Col., 148]. 
Rust-red with black-brown * or black elytra, or entirely rust-red or reddish- 
yellow ; thorax considerably narrower than elytra, more abruptly narrowed in 
front than behind, with sides somewhat angulated in middle, strongly punctured, 
transverse depression not strong ; elytra oval, with strongly punctured striae and 
rows of rather long hairs. The S 'i^is the last joint of the front tarsi, on the inner 
side near the middle, armed with a distinct spiniform tooth. Length, 1'5 — 2 mm. 

This species is most nearly related to M. transversalis, but differs 
in being shorter and in having the hairs on the elytra longer ; the 
tooth on the anterior tarsi of the male is also characteristic. 

The hairs on the elytra are longer than in any of the other 
British representatives of the genus. 

I took four specimens of this insect on Lundy Island in August 
last, and I have little doubt it will prove to be common there. 

Bradfield, Reading, Berks : 

November 2nd, 1905. 

* My specimens are coloured thus. 

276 [December, 



About 10 :i m. on Monday, October 23rd, one of the frosty 
but bright sunny iiiorningB which have distinguished the latter part 
of the present month, I flushed in my garden a small moth, the 
bright colouring of which suggested as it flew that it might be Py- 
rausta purpuralis. Wondering what that species could be doing on the 
wing at such a time of the year, I followed it up. After two short 
flights it pitched on a twig of Coronilla glaucn, from which I boxed it. 
On examination it has proved to be a specimen of Tortrix pronubana 
Hb., a male in fine condition, evidently fresh from the pupa. 

1 have to thank my friend Mr. E. E. Bankes for his kind assis- 
tance in identifying it. 

Aklwick Manor, Bognor : 

October 27//*, 19U5. 

[A further notice and description of this very interesting addition 
to our Lepidopterous fauna by Mr. Eustace ii. Bankes will appear 
in the next number. — Eds.]. 


I have recently hud submitted to me for identification by Mr. G. S. 
Saunders, of Wandsworth Common, some small Diptera, accomjjanied 
by the statement that the larvae from which the flies were bred were 
"injuring a crop of grapes grown under cover at Thongsbridge, near 
Huddersfield." The sender added that '' Lady Downe's Seedling " was 
the only variety attacked, and that there were several larvae in each 
grape. Comparison with specimens already in the Museum collec- 
tion soon showed that the insects belong to the species well known 
on the Continent and in the United States under the name Droso- 
phila ampelophila, Lw , which was originally described from Cuba. 
Further study, however, led to the interesting discovery that (at least 
so far as can be judged from the descriptions of Meigen, Schiner, and 
Loew) D. ampelophila, Lw., is undoubtedly identical with D. melano- 
gaster, Mg., a species recognised as British in the first edition of 
Mr. Verrall's "List of British Diptera " (1888). This synonymy 
is new. 

In length Drosophila melanogasfer measures from 1^ to 2^ mm.; 
the colour of the head, thorax, and base of the abdomen is ochraceous ; 

1905.] 277 

tlie basnl lialf of tlie abdomen is banded wit!; bi-ovvn, while the apex 
is shining bhick or blackish-brown. The males are readily recognisable 
owing to the presence of a peculiar strncture at the tip of the first 
joint of the front tarsus, on the inner side. Under an ordinary 
plalyscopic lens the structure in question looks like a speck of black 
dirt, but when examined under a compound microscope it is seen to 
consist of a comh comjjosed of some twelve or thirteen stout black 
teeth, and set obliquely to the long axis of the tarsal joint. This 
peculiar organ is figured by Howard in '• The Principal Household 
Insects of the United States" (U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. Div. of 
Entomology. Bulletin No. 4. New Series, Kevised Edition : 1902), 
p. 110, fig. 51, where also the adult insect and its transformations 
are shown. The full-grown larva is an active yellowish-white maggot, 
about 4 mm. long, with the usual conspicuous black mouth-hooks, and, 
at the hinder end of the body, a pair of prominent posterior spiracles, 
orange in colour, and situated upon a backwardly directed protuber- 
ance from the upper edge of the terminal segment. The puparium is 
yellowish, about 3 mm. in length, with the larval posterior stigmata 
prominent at the hinder end, and at the anterior extremity, on the 
upper side, a flattened depression, truncated in front, with the 
branched larval cephalic spiracles projecting from its angles. 

Like other species of Drosophila, D. melanogaster breeds in 
decaying or fermenting fruit and other vegetable matter ; it is also 
attracted by, and breeds in, fermenting liquids, which perhaps 
accounts for its having been observed flying in swarms round a 
brewery chimney in Essex, in September, 1892. Similarly, Dr. 
Williston (Canad. Ent., vol. xiv, 18S2, p. 13S) mentions that he has 
seen " DroHophila ampelopliila, Lw.," in " clouds " about heaps of 
cider refuse : the same writer remarks that he has never known 
"perfectly sound fruit" to be attacked by the insects, "but the 
slightest indication of fermentation attracts them in great numbers." 
Mr. G. J. Bowles, of Montreal, calls this species " The Pickled Fruit 
Fly," and gives {ihid., pp. 102-103) an account of its breeding in 
raspberry vinegar. Under the name of '' The Vine-Loving Pomace- 
Fly," J. H. Comstock (Report on Insects for the Tear 1881, pp. 6-9, 
PI. XV: — extract from the Report of the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture for the year 1881) describes and figures all stages of the 
insect, and gives inter alia an especially good figure of the comb on 
the front tarsi of the male. Dr. Melichar, of Vienna, records (Wien, 
Ent. Z., XX, Jahrg., 1901, pp. 7-8) the breeding of " Drosophila ampe- 
lophila, Low," in countless myriads in an open barrel half-full of 

278 [December, 

rotten iiiid ffruiciitin<^ fruit ; and Conistoi-k, who bred the species 
in the United States from apples attacked by the Apple Ma^^j^ot, 
Bharjoletis pomonella, Walsh (Faoi. Trypetidce), states {loc. cit., p. 7) 
that " under ordinary circumstanees, the Poinacc-Flies feed only on 
decayiiifj; fruit in an orchard. . . ." According to Aldrich (Cata- 
logue of North American Dipfcra, L905, pp. 04 1- (542 *), Cockerel 1 
gives (Bulletin 32, Arizona Experiment Station, pp. 290-294) an 
account of the larvae " injuring oranges — not, however, until they had 
been attacked by rot;" while Lintner (1st N.T. Report, pp. 216-221) 
records the occurrence of the larva? in pickles and jam. Tlie species 
was reared by Howard (Proc. Wash. Acad. Sei., ii, 1900, p 589) from 
human excrement at Washington, US. A. So far as I am aware, the 
insect has not before been observed to be a pest in English vineries, 
but two cases of attack on gra[)es in the United States have been 
published. Mr. W. L. Devereau, of Clyde, N.Y., quoted by Comstock 
{loc cif.), writes: "Ihe larvse of this fly completely eat out the 
inside of gra[)es which, while hanging on the vines, have first been 
picked open by birds. 'J he decaying juices running out on the other 
berries of the cluster spread decay, and thus give more foothold for 
the larva;. Indeed, the larvae bore from one grape to another, while 
the images are constantly, by eggs, jiutting in new i olonies until the 
cluster is nearly or quite destroyed, nothing remaining but the empty 
grape-skins." The second instance is that recorded by Forbes (Trans. 
Illinois State Horticultural Society, 1884), who, as reported by 
Howard {loc. cit.), refers to "the damage done by D. ampelophila to 
the grape crop at Moliue, HI. He states that they attack most 
frequently grapes which have been mutilated by birds or damaged by 
rot, but once having commenced on a cluster are likely to pass from 
one berry to another, the flies meantime constantly laying eggs." 
Within the last few mouths the British Museum has received speci- 
mens of this species from West Australia, and since Loew, at the end 
of his description of IJ. ampelophila (Dipt. Amer., septentr. indigena, 
Centuria secunda, pp. lOi-102), states that, besides being found iu 
Cuba and Central Europe, and being very abundant in Southern 
Europe, it also oc-curs in South Africa, it is evident that its area of 
distribution is extremely wide. There can be little doubt that the fly 
has been carried about the world in cargoes of unsound fruit. 

British Museum (Natural History), 

Cromwell Eoad, London, S.W. : 
September 2.%th, 1905. 

I am indebted to this valuable Catalogue for all the references here given. 

1905.] 279 

I3r G. H. VEKEALL, F.E.S. 

Since the coiieluaion of my paper on the Brititih Dolichopodidod, 
two species have been taken by Col. Terbury in Scotland which 
require notice. 

DoJichopus argyrotm-sis Wahlb. : Col. Yerbury caught one male of 
this species at Nethy Bridge on June 19th. It is very closely 
allied to D. pemiafus and D. signatus, but is readily distinguished 
by having the last three joiuts of the middle tarsi silvered in the 

Porphyrons gravipes Wlk. : when searching for more specimens of P. 
patula, Col. Terbury, besides taking that in considerable numbers 
also caught a 1 )t of a species which I have little doubt is the true 
P. gravipes Wlk. (= long ilamellalus Kow.). It differs from P. 
patula by its slightly smaller size, simple arista, shorter genital 
lamellae (though still very long), and quite black hind femora, 
which latter character seems to be constant. lie took P. gra- 
vipes at Nairn and Nethy Bridge from May 30th to June 16th. 
P. patula occurred at the same localities and also at Brodie. P. 
rivalis was abundant at Nairn, Brodie, and Nethy Bridge from 
June 3rd to 17th. 

Newmarket : November, 1905. 

Se-occurrence of Quedius nigrocaeruleu.i, Rey, in Suffolk. - On September 1st 
last I again captured this species, four ? specimens turning up in a woody fungus 
on an elm in a hedgerow near Oulton Broad. The fungus was full of the larvae of 
Orchesia micans, Pz., upon which the Quedkis was probably preying. I should 
very likely have obtained more specimens if I had not knocked the fungus off the 
tree trunk so as to scatter it in the hedge, the piece from which I obtained the 
beetles having formed but a small portion of the whole. The four specimens 
previously recorded for this country were found in bees' nests, or in or about 
rabbit burrows, and Rey considers it a cave and cellar species, so it appears to have 
very diverse habitats. — E. C. Bedwell, " Elmlea," Clevedon Road, Norbiton : 
October I8th, 19u5. 

Megacronun fonnosus, Gr. — While on the subject of Bold's insects, it is as well 
to mention that no specimen oi Slegacronusformosus is to be found in the Newcastle- 
on-Tyne collection. The name appears with a " ? " in Bold's Catalogue, and this note 

280 [December, 

of iiiterroKMlion was reproduced in all tlic Britisli catalogues of the lime, and also 
in tliat of Fowler and Matthews (1883). As mentioned bj' Canon Fowler (Brit- 
Col. II, 209) the species does not occur in France or the Netherlands. It is thus 
a very unlikelj" insect to occur in Britain. — E. A. Newbebt, 12, Churchill Road, 
Dartmouth Park, N.W. : November 9(h, 19U5. 

Oxytelus fulvipe.i, Er., in Sherwood Forest. — In May of the present year, I 
took two specimens of this local species ; they were found in very damp rotten saw- 
dust beneath a small yellow fungus. This is, I believe, a species hitherto un- 
recorded from Sherwood. I am indebted to my friend Mr. E. A. Ncwbery for its 
verification.— J. Kidson Taylor, 35, South Avenue, Buxton : October ^Ist, 1905. 

Captures of Coleoptera. — During the past season I have had scarcely any 
opportunities for collecting ; but I find that the following captures, made for the 
most part in previous years, have not hitherto been recorded : Fhilonthus fucicola, 
Cleonus sulcirodris, and Chrysomela goettlngensis, Lyme Regis — the latter strolling 
casually about the roads ; Platystethas nitens, Dulwich ; Amara curta and Sa- 
prinus metalUcus, Deal ; Malachiua rujicollls, Erith ; Cistela atra, Tooting 
Common ; Onoomera femorata, in some numbers, clinging to the lower surface of 
big stones in a small hollow near Niton, Isle of Wight, while one specimen came to 
light ; Nacerdes melanura, on the platforms of Clapham Junction and Wands- 
worth Common Stations, having evidently travelled up from the coast by train ; 
Longitarsus agilis, a single specimen at Baldock, Herts, by sweeping. Elater san- 
guinolentus seems to have been uiiusu lUy common in the New Forest during the past 
summer, as a Lepidopterist friend brought back quite a large number which he had 
beaten out of furze bushes. Lgctus hrunneus still continues to breed in the 
drawing-room table of a house near here in which it was first taken in 1896 
(c/. Ent. Mo. Mag., xxxii, 259) ; Cls bilamellatus has been multiplying freely in my 
own study from specimens captured at West Wickham fourteen months ago. — 
Theodoeb Wood, The Vicarage, Lyford Road, Wandsworth Common, S.W. : 
October Wth, 1905. 

Bledius femoralis, Gyll., near Wellington College.— On September 19th, in 
company with Dr. Joy, I went to look for Bledius femoralis near Wellington 
College, and we found about thirty specimens ; it seems to be well established along 
one side of a shallow lake, which appears, however, to be of comparatively modern 
construction. It is probable, however, that the ground has been more or less 
marshy from time immemorial ; the casts of the Bledius are sometimes very 
difficult to find, but when found, are rarely empty, unless occupied by the larva or 
imago of a Dyschirius which I have before referred to, but which I have not yet 
satisfactorily identified. This larva is about 6 mm. in length and is very active ; 
it is parallel-sided, with the head large and subquadrate, slightly rounded at the 
sides, smooth, with the anterior furrow not strongly marked ; the pronotum is con- 
siderably larger than the mesonotum ; the legs and antennae are short, the tibiae 
and tarsi of the former being of equal length ; the anal process is very short and 
small, and the cerci long ; the colour is pitchy with the legs partly testaceous. 

1905.] 281 

Tfc differs considerably from that of Dyschirlus thoraciciis, in which tlie pro- 
iiotuni is much longer in proportion, and (he anal process is large and longer 
than the very short eerci. Superficially it much more closely resembles (in minia- 
ture) the larva of Svarites Itevigalus, F., which also has the short anal process and 
long cerci. I did not, unfortunately, take a larva of the Bledius, but I hope to 
describe it at some future time. The larvae in some of these genera differ very 
considerably, and it would be a very good thing if more attention were paid to 
them ; that of Blediuft talpa, Gryll., for instance, which is allied (o B. sub- 
terraneus, differs very much from that of B. unicornis, the former being stout and 
comparatively parallel-sided, and the latter much more slender and much contracted 
in the thoracic region. In time to come many of these characters will probably be 
used for generic purposes ; there is no reason why they should not be as much 
taken into account as in the Lepidoptera. — W. W. Fowlkk, Earley Vicarage, 
Reading : November 4t/i, 1905. 

The British variation of Nebria gyllenhali, Sch. — I have recently been able to 
examine a considerable number of specimens of this insect from various localities in 
England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, and find the amount of variation in the 
species, whether as regards proportion of individuals, or divergence of direction, 
apparently unusually large. These aberrant forms have been differently named by 
various authors, either as species or varieties, resulting in great uncertainty and 
confusion in their synomymy, and it is impossible now to refer each degree of varia- 
tion to its appi'opriate specific or varietal name Mr. Donisthorpe, however, has 
already pointed out (Entomologist's Record, xvii, \0'X) that we possess the variety 
rufescens, Stroem = N. arctica, Dej. {= N. marshallana, Stcph. ?) This form, at 
any rate, that in which the legs are rufescent as well as the elytra, seems to be 
generally represented by what are probably merely inmature examples of the type 
and at best is what might be called a persistent inmaturity of it, that is to say, its 
difference from the type seems to consist only in an arrested pigmentation and 
represents a stage included in the normal ontogeny. Many similar instances will 
occur to the student of Coleoptera— it will suffice to cite the var. brunnea, Herbst, 
of Silplia atrata, L. Such cases are perhaps comparable with the " undeveloped 
forms " of the Hemiptera, and hardly seem to merit the name of variety which is 
more strictly a deviation from the normal, not an antecedent, stage of it. Another 
form (perhaps N. rufescens, Stroem, with black legs), which occurs in Scotland and 
in Wales, is of the shape and size of the type, with the thorax and legs black and 
the elytra distinctly rufescent, especially towards the apex. This is known on the 
Continent as var. besseri, Fisch., and is probably the var. c. of N. hyperborea, Gyll. 
This is undoubtedly perfectly mature, and in some localities quite as common 
as the type. A third form is the " variety with red legs " alluded to by Canon 
Fowler (Brit. Col. I, 16) as common on Siiowdon. There it is certainly the pre- 
dominant form. It differs from the type in its rather smaller size and distinctly 
narrower shape, and so far as my experience extends, in the slightly narrower and 
more convex elytral interstices. I have only seen it from the Snowdonian moun- 
tains. Dawson refers to this form as a variety " common on Snowdon, not 
noticed, with body black and legs entirely red." That this may be the N. nivalis 

282 [December 

of Paykull is perhaps not impossible. Hear says of it (Faun. Col. Helv. 3fi) 
" PrEBecdenti {N. gi/llenhali) minus affinis, elytrornm siriis paulo profundioribus, 
interstitiis convcxioribus, femoribus riifis di^noscitui'." Finally, it must be admitted 
that connecting links exist between all these forms and the type, and the case 
perhaps does but furnish one more example of the futility of attempting to nomi- 
nally differentiate between the varied forms of an inconstant species such as this. — 
W. E. Sharp, South Norwood, Surrey : October, 1905. 


Oeorge Boiodler Buclcton, F.R.S., died on September 25th, in his 88th year, 
having been born in London on May 21th, 1817. He was privately educated, 
having been incapacitated by an accident in early life from all active pursuits. 
His friendship with Thomas Bell, F.R.S., first turned his attention to Natural 
History, but his earliest serious studies were devoted to Chemistry and Physics, and 
in 1867 he carried out some important original work, in recognition of which he 
was elected a Fellow of the Eoyal Society. Tn 1865 he married the widow of 
Professor Odling, Professor of Chemistry at Oxford, and bought the estate of 
Weycombe at Haslemere, and built the house which he occupied to the day of his 
death. At Haslemere he soon began to get together material for his monograph in 
four volumes of the " British Aphides," published by the Eay Society, 1876-'.883. 
In 1890 his illustrated "Monograph of the British Cicadas or Tettigidse" was 
published by Macmillan, and was followed in 1895 by " The Natural History of 
JEristalis tenax" and by various papers. His last work was a " Monograph of the 
Membracidse." Most of the plates in these works were drawn, and, in some cases, 
lithographed, by himself. The original drawings of the Membraciche have been 
presented to the Hope Museum at Oxford. 

Mr. Buckton was a Fellow of the Linnean Society (1845), the Chemical 
Society (1852), the Royal Society (1867), and the Entomological Society (1883), and 
was also a Member of the Fntomological Society of France, a Corresponding 
Member of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Philadelphia, &c. 

Apart from his scientific pursuits, he was a good musician and artist, and a 
man whose mind never lay in one groove ; his great energy and. will-power were 
shown by the fact that, although quite crippled from early years, he travelled alone 
in Italy, France, and elsewhere, and managed to frequently attend the council and 
general meetings of the various societies to which he belonged. It is not for us to 
speak of what he was to his family at home, but by his kindly courtesy and self- 
effacing hospitality he endeared himself to all with whom he was brought into 

Mr. Buckton will be much missed in Haslemere ; he was a strong supporter of 
the Parish Church and Schools, and also took a great interest in all movements for 
the good of the pai-ish generally, without regard to denomination. The funeral took 
place in Haslemere Churchyard on Saturday, September 30th, the remains having 
been previously cremated, and the large attendance showed in how great esteem the 
deceased was held by his friends and fellow townsmen. — W. W. F. 

1905.] 283 


Entomological Society of London; IVednesdai/, Octuhcr ISffi, 1905.— 
Dr. T. A. Chapman, M D., F.Z S.. Vice-President, in the Chair. 

Mr. Charles William Bracken, B.A. (LonrL), of 18, Wliiteforrl Road, 
Mannamead, Plymouth, and Mr. William Hubert ^t. Q.uentin, of Scampton Hall, 
Rillington, Vork, were elected Fellows of the Society. 

Mr. H. Rowland- Hrown exhibited series of Erehias taken this year in the 
Pyrenees, including Erebia lefebnrel, with the varieties pi/renea, Obth., from 
Mount Canigou, E. Pyrenees, and var. intermedia, Obth., from Gravarnie. He 
also showed for comparison E. glacialis var. nichuUi from Campiglio, which at 
one time was supposed to be identical with lef^hrrei, th'3ii eonsidji'd to be the 
Pyrenean form of E. melas. With them were also shown specimens of E. (forgone 
and E. gorge from the Lac de Grande, Cautarets, and fron G-avarnie, with short 
series of Lgcaena orbitulux from the Central .-V-lps, L. orhitiilu^ var. oherfhuri, 
Stgr., L. pt/renaica and L. pheretes from tho Brenner and Cortina districts. It 
was remarkable that as between the species ennmLM*ated there seemed to be a 
greater superficial afEnity between pijrenaica and pheretes (not reported from the 
Pyrenees) than between pijrenaica and orbittilu^. Mr. R. C. Bedwoll, eight speci- 
mens of Apion lipvigatum, Kirby, one of the rarest indigenous Apions, found on 
August 31st, sheltering under plants of Echiiim vulgare in the Lowestoft district. 
Mr. R. Shelford, a Lygseid bug, the fore limbs of which were well adapted to 
fossorial habits and comparable with those of the mole cricket ; a Brentliid beetle 
which had a deep channel along the dorsal part of tlie protiiorax, and occupied by 
Acari ; and an Anthribid beetle with a crescentic sulcus also for the reception of 
Acari on the prothoras. All I he specimens were from British North Borneo. 
Mr. C. J. Galian, on behalf of Mr. C. O. Waterhouse, a living example of Phane- 
roptera qttadripunctata, which species had been found in some numbers in a 
vinery near Chester. Mr. W. J. Kaye, a long variable series of Heliconius numata 
from the Potaro River, British Guiana, clearly proving that these very variable 
forms were only aberrations, and were not sub-species, at least in this locality, as 
had been described by Riffarth, Weymer, and others. He also showed a pair of 
Heliconius silvana with two rare aberrations, in wliich the black area of the hind- 
wing was divided ; and examples of Heliconius vetustus, it being remarkable that 
although similar to numata it was nevertheless a distinct species. Mr. A. H. Jones, 
a collection of Lepidoptera made by him in Majorca during the first half of last 
June, and remarked upon the almost total absence of Lepidopterous life in the 
island. Only thirteen species of butterflies were observed, all of the commonest 
kinds and without any indication of variation, with about six species of moths (all 
occurring in Britain), including Agrotis saucia, Acidalia ochrata, and A. degener- 
aria, the latter, interesting in point of colour, being much redder ; also Melanargia 
lachesis, var. canigulensis from Vernet-les- Bains, showing on the under-side in the 
males a strong resemblance to M. galathea, also Melitxa aurinia var. iberica, 
Obth., froni Montserrat, near Barcelona, and a melanic specimen of Erebia stygne, 
taken by Mr. R. S. Standen last June at St. Martin de Canigou, Vernet-les-Bains. 
Mr. Frank P. Dodd communicated a paper " On a parasitic Lepidopteron from 
Queensland, Australia." Commander J. J. Walker read a paper by Mr. E. G. R. 

284 [December, 1905. 

Meade -Waldo, " On a Golleotion of Butterflies and Moths made iu Maroceo, 1901- 
02." The species enumerated included a Cttnonympha and a Sati/rus new to 

Wednesday , November Id, 19u5.— The President in the Chair. 

Mr. J. W. H. Harrison, B.Sc. (Lond.) of The Avenue, Birtley, was elected 
a Fellow of the Society. 

The Rev. F. D. Morice exhibited (1) Panurgus mnricei, Friese, a species of bee 
new to science, taken by him near Gibraltar, of which it was remarkable that 
whereas species of this genus are entirely black, in this insect the S face was entirely 
and that of the "i^ partly briglit yellow, the legs partly yellow, m\A the abdomen spotted 
down each side very much as in Avthidium ; and (2) the unique type specimen of 
Heriades fascial us, Friese, a c? of the Chelostnma group, taken by him at Jericho in 
1889, in which again, while all its congeners are practically unicolorous, the abdo- 
men is brightly banded, not unlike that of a wasp. A discussion followed as to the 
reason of the peculiar coloration in the species under review, the exhibitor pointing 
out that the colour mimicry in this insect could not be due to parasitism, both 
Panurgus and Heriades being industrious genera. Professor E. B. Poulton, F.B..S., 
expressed his opinion that the species shown were mimics, though industrious. He 
also remarked that in the case of some Algerian Aculeates the bright pubescent 
colouring of the head might assist as a protection to the insect when looking out of 
its hole in the sunshine. Mr. C. O. Waterhouse mentioned that with some Bupres- 
tidpp the front of the head in the S was bright, but unicolorous in the $ ; a pecu- 
liarity also observed by Mr. AT. Jacoby in the genus Oryptncephalus. Mr. W. J. 
Lucas showed a ^ specimen of the earwig Forficnla auricularia taken at Warwick 
in September last, with a drawing of the cerci (forceps), which were very abnormal, 
the broader basal part of the two appearing to be more or less fused together, while 
the forceps themselves were jointed to the basal part. The case, he said, was 
interesting because in cockroaches, &c., the cerci are regularly jointed. Mr. G. C 
Champion, various interesting insects from Guatemala recently received from Sefior 
Rodriguez, including Heterosternus rodriguezi, Cand., Pantodinus hlvgi, Burm., 
Plusiotis adelaida, Hope, and a species of Orthoptera greatly resembling a dead 
withered leaf, possibly a new species of Mimetica. Mr. Norman H. Joy, two 
species of Coleopt.pra new to the British Islands : Lfemophlosns monilis, F., taken 
in the neighbourhood of Streatley, Berks, and Dacne fowleri, n. sp., from Bradfield, 
with specimens of D. humeralis and D. rufifrons for comparison. Mr. H. St. J. Donis- 
thorpe, a specimen of Agathidium (badium, Kr.), discovered last year in Cumberland, 
and since taken by him in Durham, and examples of Prionocyphon serricorvis, the 
larva of which he had found under water in the boles of trees in the New Forest. 
Mr. F. A. Dixey, preparations of the scents of some African butterflies collected by 
him, with the assistance of Br. G. B. Longstaff, during the recent visit of the British 
Association, together with specimens of the species investigated. A discussion on the 
presence and use of scents in various Orders of insects followed, in which the Pr'isi- 
dent, Professor Poulton, Col. C. T. Bingham, Dr. Longstaff, and other Fellows joined. 
Mr. P. I. Lathy, F.Z.S., communicated " A Contribution towards the knowledge of 
African Rhopalocera." Col. C. T. Bingham contributed a paper entitled " A New 
Species of the Hymenopterous genus Megalyra, Westwood, by J. Chester Bradley, 
Ithaca, N.Y., U.S.A." — H. Rowland Beown, Hon. Secretary. 

END OF VOL. XVI (Second Series). 


coniributors . 
General Index 

Special Index — 

Aphaniptera vi 

Coleoptera vi 

Diptera viii 

Hemiptera "x 

Hymenoptera x 

Special Indkx {cnntinued) — 

Lepidoptcra x 

Neuroptera xiii 

Orthoptera : xiii 

Genera and Species new to Britain xv 

,, „ ,, ,, ,, Science xiv 

Explanation of Plates xvi 

I Errata xvi 


Adams, P. C, F.Z.S 94,138,236 

Andrews, H. W 71 

Arnold, G 211,261 

Attlee, H. G 69 

Austen, E. E 57, 276 

Bagnall, R. S., F.E.S 86, 135, 162, 258 

Bailey, J. H., M.B 21,90,207 

Bankes, E. R, M.A., F.E.S 70, 71, 89 

Barraud, P. H., F.E.S 43 

Barrett, C. G.,jun 117 

Beare, Prof.T. Hudson, B.Sc, F.R.S.E., &c. 

18, 19, 117, 176 

Bed well, E. C, F.E.S 67, 159, 256, 279 

Bignell, G. C, F.E.S 214 

Billups.C.R 185 

Bloomfield, Rev. E. N., M.A., F.E.S 41, 


Bryant, G.E. 69,159 

Burr, M., B.A., F.L.S 84, 185 

Cameron, M., M.B., R.N., F.E.S 179 

Capper, S. J., F.E.S 237 

Carter, A. E. J 163 

Champion. G. C. F.Z.S 15,66,88, 161, 

179, 210, 224, 235, 236 

Chapman, T. A., M.U., F.Z.S. ...18, 100, 129, 

149, 211 

Chitty, A. J., M.A., F.E.S. 47,66,91 

Crawshay, Rev. G. A., M.A 8, 159, 223 

Cruttwell, Rev. Canon C. T., M.A., 

F.E.S 209, 259 

Day, F. H., F.E.S 20 

Distant, W. L., F.E.S 94 

Donisthorpe, H. St. J., F.Z.S 19, 256 

EUiman, E.G 20 


Fletcher, W. H. B., M.A., F.E.S 276 

Fowler, Rev. Canon W. W., D.Sc, M.A., 

F.E.S 280 

Gibbs, A. E 117 

Giles, Lt.-Col. G. M., I.M.S 129 

Green, E. E., F.E.S 28 

Grimshaw, P. H., F.E.S 173, 239, 245 

Harwood, B. S 262 

Harwood, P. H 117 

Holland, W 257 

Jeffrey, W. R 235 

Jones, A. H., F.E.S 254 

Joy, N. H., M.R.C.S., F.E.S 16, 184, 209, 

257, 274 

Knaggs, H. 0., M.D 211 

Long.staff, G. B., M.D., F.E.S. 

.44, 69, 112, 

Mann, Mrs. H.E 10 

Mathew, G. F., R.N., F.L.S 77, 132 

Meyrick, E., B.A., F.R.S 226 

Morice, Rev. F. D., M.A., F.E.S 63 

Morley, C, F.E.S 47, 118, 214 

Morse, E. W 93 

Mortimer, C. H 261 

Mot-ton, K. J., F.E.S 1, 33, 145 

Nevinson, E. B., F.E.S 21, 22 

Newbery, E. A 69, 93, 115, 162, 279 

Porritt, G. T., F.L.S 47, 211, 236 

Reuter, Prof. 0. M 64 

Rollo, D 158 

Rothschild, Hon. N. C, M.A., F.L.S...60, 139, 


Rowland-Brown, H., M.A., F.E.S. .23, 49, 76, 

98, 122, 145, 186, 264, 282 


Saunders, E., F.R.S 212,213,262 

Sharp, D., M.A., M.B., F.R.S lis, 271 

Sharp, W. E., F.E.S 87,92,280 

Sopp, E. J. B., F.E.S 46, 49, 142, 165 

Taylor, J. K 27,4(3,257,280 

Thuniall, A 260 

Toiiilin, J. R. le H., M.A., F.E.S. . 20, 37, 69, 
142, 165, 235, 252 

Turner, H. J., F.E.S 22, 74, 98, 123, 143, 

166, 186, 237, 264 

Verrall, G. H., F.E.S 50, 81, 1U8, 167, 

ls8, 247, 279 
Waiuwright, C. J., F.E.S 48, 72, 141, 199 


Walker, J. J., M.A., H.N., F.L.S. ...138, 180, 
216, 228,234,265 

Walsiughaui, Rt. Hon. Lord, M.A., LL.D., 

F.R.S 37, 124 

Waterhousc, E. A 234 

VVaterhouse, G. A., F.E.S 13 

Wesch^ W., F.R.M.S 227 

VVhitaker, G. S 235 

VVillsou, T. I) 260 

Wood, J. H., M.B 5 

Wood, Rev. Theodore, F.E.S 280 



Abraxas grossulariata var. varlejata, at Huddersfield ... 

Acrognathus niandibularis, Gryll., &c., near Woking ... ... ... ... 161 

Algeria, Odonata from ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 145 

Algerian Micro-Lepidoptera ... ... ... ... ... ... 37, 124 

Amara anthobia, Villa, a British insect, 87 ; at Chatham, 117 ; compared with 

familiaris and lucida, 159 ; on the Lancaohire coast ... ... ... 2o7 

Anisotoma, Illig., On the Coleopterous genus ... ... ... ... ... 257 

Anisotoma furva, Er., at Skegness, 93 ; oblonga, Er., Synonymical notes ... 198 

Antipodean Field Notes, III : a sketch of the Entomology of Sydney ... 216, 

228, 265 
Apion astragali, Payk., at Oxford, 257 ; brunnipes. Boh. (^^ laaviyatum, Kirby), 

in Suffolk 256 

Aphodius, 111., The genus, in the Isle of Man ... ... ... ... ... 90 

Aplecta nebulosa, Hufn., two pupse in same cocoon ... ... ... ... 71 

Apteropeda orbiculata. Marsh., and its food-plants ... ... ... ... 210 

Argyresthia illuminatella, Zell., in Britain ... ... ... ... ... 226 

Atenieles emarginatus and Claviger testaceus in N. Wales ... ... ... 20 

Baris T-album, Linn., and B. pilistriata, Steph. ... ... ... ... ... 224 

Berkshire, Coleoptera from... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 209 

Bledius femoralis, Qyll-, near Wellington College ... ... ... ... 280 

Callimyia elegantula. Fall., and Agathomyia boreella, Zett., in Herefordshire... 5 

Ceuthorrhynchus cochleariae, Gyll., with 6-jointed funiculus ... ... ... 69 

Cimbex connata, Schr. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 214 

Clinocara tetratoma, Thoms., in Dei'byshire ... ... ... ... ... 46 

Cnephasia communana, H.-S., in Surrey ... ... ... ... ... ... 260 

Coccidae, Some Javanese, with descriptions of new species ... ... ... 28 

Coenonympha pamphilus, Note on larva of ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Coleophora lixella, Z., remarkable larval case ... ... ... ... ... 70 

Coleoptera, Captures of, 280 ; Recent captures of, 235 ; at Kannoch, 18 ; in 
Sutherlandshire and at Aviemore, Inverness-shire, 209 ; in the I'lan- 
nan Islands, 19 ; at Tring, 20 ; casual captures in 1904, 67 ; in the 
Oxford district, 180 ; Manx, 252 ; from Berkshire, 209 ; in the New 

Forest, 235 ; Three species new to Britain... ... ... ... ... 274 



Cncpliasia communana, H.-S., in Surrey ... ... ... ... ... ... 260 

Criocephalus rusticus, ]Jej., another new British Longicorn ... ... ... 15 

Dermaptera, Dcvscriptions of five new, 84 ; Exotic, wanted ... ... ... 185 

Diboha cynoglossi, Kocii, Food-plant of ... ... ... ... ... ... 256 

Dicliroramiilia flavidorsana, Knaggs, ^ D. questionana, Zeller, at Folkestone... 211 

Dlptera, an addition to the British list, 227 ; in New Forest, 93 ; in 1904, 71, 

138 ; rare, in 1903, 72 ; Terminology of the leg bristles of 173 

Dipterous enemy of English hot-house grapes, A ... ... ... ... 276 

Dolichopodidee, List of British, with tables and notes ... 50, 81, 108, 167, 188, 247 

Dolichopodidae, two species taken in Scotland ... ... ... ... ... 279 

Douglas, The late J. W., as a writer on CoccidsD... ... ... ... ... 262 

Dragon-fly iiunting in Eastern Switzerland ... ... ... ... ... 1,33 

Ectropis (Tephrosia) consonaria, lib., ab. nigra, nov. ab. ... ... ... 89 

Editorial 27 

Elater ajthiops, Lac, of British collections ... ... ... ... ... 210 

Emergence, Curious dates of ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 211 

Erigone, Two additional British species of the Dipterous genus ... ... 57 

Epursea longula, Er., and other Nitidulidaj in the Derwent Valley ... ... 162 

Euloba, Westwood, On the Heteropterous genus ... ... ... ... 236 

Eupitheeia estensaria, Note on ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 260 

Flannan Islands, Coleoptera in the ... ... ... ... ... ... 19 

Flea, A new British, Ceratophyllus farreni (spec, nov.), with a plate ... ... 255 

Formica fusca, race gagates, in the New Forest ... ... ... ... ... 211 

Geometer from Hong Kong, A new ... ... ... ... ... ... 184 

Gnorimus nobilis, L., at Woolwich ... ... ... ... ... ... 159 

Gyrophaena pulchella, Heer, in Scotland ... ... ... ... ... ... 92 

Harpalus discoideus, F., and Metcecus paradoxus at Leighton Buzzard, 45 ; 

honestus, Duft., at Streatley, Berks ... ... ... ... ... 257 

Hastula hyerana. Mill, (with plates). Some observations on ... 100, 129, 149 

Heniiptera in Miller's Dale, Buxton, and Sherwood Forest ... ... ... 27 

Herefordshire, Diptera in ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 5 

Hertfordshire, Notes on a light-trap in ... ... ... ... ... ... 43 

How insects fade ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 118 

Hydrobius fuscijjcs, L., var. ajneus, Sol. ... ... ... ... ... ... 138 

Hydroporus bilineatus, Sturm, British form of ... ... ... ... ... 66 

Hydrotaea, The British species of ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 245 

Hymenoptera, Some Welsh, with note on Oxybelus mucronatus and its prey ; 

also relationship of Osmia xanthomelana and Sapyga ... ... ... 261 

Hymenoptera and Hemiptera in the Mendips ... ... ... ... ... 212 

Hymenoptera Aculeata at Lyme Regis, 21 ; during 1904, 117 ; in the New 

Forest 261 

Jumping beans, The movements of ... ... ... ... ... ... 158 

Lsemosthenes complanatus, Dej., in Sheppey ... ... ... ... ... 234 

Larva of Coenonympha pamphilus ... ... ... ... ... ... 18 

Ledra aurita, Note on ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 214 

" Lepidoptera of the British Islands," The late Mr. C. G. Barrett's ... ... 117 

Lepidoptera. Micro-, in Algeria, 37, 124 ; taken in a moth-trap at Ditching- 
ham, Suffolk, 10 ; iu Hertfordshire, 117 ; at Mortehoe, North Devon, 

in 1904, 69 ; Suffolk, in 1904, 41 ; in Scotland 259 

1U4, 132 ; and 

Dinosus, Er., 

the flowers it 

Leptothoras tiiberiiin, Note on the behaviour of. .. 

Leptusa aiialis, GjlL, &c., in Teesdale, Co. Durham 

Leucania favicolor, Barrett, Life history of, and notes on, 77, 

Epichnopteryx reticella, Newni, in Suffolk 

Libellula fulva at Colchester ... ... ... 

Libythea geoffroyi nicevillei, Ollifl 

Limnophilus elegans in the Isle of Man ... 

Limotettix stactogala, Fieb., at Ryde 

Locusta viridissima, &c.. Abundance of, at Deal ... 

Longitarsus curtus. All., in Kent ... 

Lophosia ftisciuta, Mg., in the New Forest 

Lycsena argus, L., var. hypochiona, Ramb., on the North Downs 

Lymexylon navale, Linn., in the New Forest 

Macropterous Nabis, &c., at Colchester ... 

Malachius barnevillei, Put., an addition to the British list, L^i ; 

66, 88 ; vulneratus, Ab., in Sheppey 
Manx Coleoptera, Further notes on 
Medon castaneus, Grav., near Oxford 
Megacronus formosus. Or. ... 
Meligethes obscurus, Er., in the Isle of Man, with notes on 


Microglossa, Notes on three species of 

Myelophila cribrella on the Kentish Rag near Ashford ... 

Nebria gyllenhali, Sch., The British variation of... 

Neoclytus erythrocephalus, F., in Lancashire 

Neuroptera in Switzerland ... 

New Forest, Coleoptera in, 235 ; Diptera in 

Obituaeies :— Barrett, C. G., F.E.S., 25 ; Beaumont, Alfred, F.E.S., 95 ; 

Brauer, Prof. F. M., Hon. F.E.S., 73 ; Buckton, G. B., F.R.S., 

282 ; Cambridge, Frederick O. Pickard, 97 ; Daltry, Thos. 

Wm., M.A., F.L.S., 215 ; Douglas, J. W., F.E.S., 221 ; 

Fry, Alexander, 119 ; Johnson, W., 237 ; Saussure, Henri 

L. F. de, Hon. F.E.S., 119 ; Walker, Rev. F., D.D.. 

Ocladius from Perini, Description of a new species 

Ocyusa maura, Er., and O. picina, Aubd ... 

Odonata collected by Miss Fountaine in Algeria, with description of a new 

species of Ischnura ... 
Orchestes sparsus, Fabr., as a British insect, 115 ; in the New Forest 
Osphya bipunctata, F., near Peterborough 
Oxytelus fulvipes, Er., in Sherwood Forest 
Phytobius muricatus in Cumberland 
Pocota apiformis, Schrank, at Colchester .. . 
Pselaphus dresdensis, Herbst, near London 

Psocidse at Woking ... ... ... ... 

Ptinus pilosus, Boield., Synonymic note ... ... 

Pulex cheopis, Rothsch., at Plymouth ... 

Quedius xanthopus, Er., at Sherwood, 80 ; variabilis, Heer, an addition to the 

British list, 197 ; nigrocoeruleus, Rey, Re-occurrence of, in Suffolk 

















... 21 

... 184 

... 235 

... 280 

... 92 

... 1,33 
71, 93, 138 















Reviews : " PracHeal Hints for the Field Lepirlopterist, part iii :" by J. W. 
Tiitt, F.R.S., 73; "The Hemiptora of Suffolk:" by Claude 
Morley, F.K.S., 120; "Monograph of the Anopheles Mos- 
quitoes of India :" by S. P. James, M.B., I. M.S., and W. Glen 
Listen, M.D., I. M.S., 122; "Queen Hearing in England, with 
notes on a Scent-producing Organ in the Worker Bee. The 
Honey Bees of India, and Knemies of the Honey Bee in 
South Africa :" by F. W. L. Sladen, F.E.S., 140 ; " Report 
of Work of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar 
Planters' Association, Division of Entomology. Bulletin i, 
pt. 1. Leaf Hoppers and their natural enemies (Pt. i, Dry- 
inidsB) :" by R. C. L. Perkins, 185 ; Ditto, ditto (Pt. iii, 
Stylopidse), 2H3 ; '' Entomologen-Addressbuch. The Ento- 
mologist's Directory, Annuaire des Entotnologistes ;" W. 
Junk, 237 ; " A Study of the Aquatic Coleoptera and their 
surroundings in the Norfolk Broads District," by Frank 
Balfour Browne, M. A., F.R.S.E.. F.Z.S 263 

Rhamphomyia tenuirostris. Fall., taken in the New Forest ... ... ... 94 

Rhizotrogus ochraceus, Knoch, a good species, 16 ; solstitialis, L., Flight of 46 

Rhopalomesites tardyi, Curt., in the Isle of Man ... ... ... ... 207 

Satyrus semele. The attitude of, at rest ... ... ... .. ... ... 44 

Sawflies, Three new British ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 63 

Scents of the males of some common English butterflies ... ... ... 112 

Schizoceros furcatus, Vill., at Chattenden Roughs ... ... ... ... 47 

Scotland, Coleoptera at Rannoch, 18 ; in Sutherlandshire and at Avieniore, 

209; Diptera in, 163 ; Lepidoptera in ... ... ... ... ... 259 

Scymnus livid us, Bold, a synonym of S. testaceus. Mots. ... ... ... 162 

Silvanus mercator, Fauv., a species of Coleoptera new to Britain, 37 ; at 

Merton, Surrey ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 69 

Societies : Birmingham Entomological Society, 48, 141, 164 ; Entomological 
Society of London, 23, 49, 76, 98, 123, 145, 186, 264, 283; 
Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society, 48, 142, 165 ; 
South London Entomological, &c., Society, 22, 74, 98, 122, 

143,166,186,237 264 

Stephanocircus dasyuri, Skuse, and simsoni, sp. n. (with a plate) ... ... 60 

Strangalia aurulenta. Fab., in Devonshire ... ... ... ... ... 69 

Stratiomyiidse, Larvae of the : an appeal ... ... ... ... ... ... us 

Suffolk Lepidoptera in 19U4, 41 ; at Ditchingham, 10 ; Leucania favicolor and 

Epichnopteryx reticella in ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 43 

Switzerland, Neuroptera in... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1^33 

Tachinid, Note on a... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 72 

Tachinidae, Notes on, I ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 199 

Tenthredinidse, Three new British ... ... ... ... ... .. 53 

Tetropium castaneum at Esher, 69 ; sp. ?, at Leighton Buzzard, 223 ; Species 

of, that have been found in Britain ... ... ... ... ... 271 

Tortrix pronubana, Hb., a species new to the British list, in Sussex ... ... 276 

Triplax bicolor, Gyll., a species of Coleoptera new to the British catalogue, 

86, 135 ; The European species of the genus, with notes on the British 

species ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 175 

Tropideres sepicola, F., at Colchester ... ... ... ... .. ... 262 

Urostylinse, Dr. Reuter on the ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 94 

Urostylis instructivus, a new species of the family Urostylidae... ... ... 64 

Vanessa antiopa in Kent ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 26O 

Vespa vulgaris, A large community of ... ... ... ... ... ... g 

Xanthandrus comtus, Harris, occurring in May ... ... ... ... ... X85 

Zeugophora flavieollis. Marsh., and its varieties ... ... ... ... ... 225 




Ceratophj'llus favreni (sp. n.), 255 ; hilli.. 60 

Pulex clieopsis 139 

Stephanocircus dasyuri (sp. ii.), simsoni .. 61 


Abdera flexuosa 258 

Achthosus westwoodi, laticornis 269 

Acrognatbus mandihnlaris 161 

Adelium geniale, poi'catum 269 

Enigma iris 267 

Agathidium convexum, &c., 182 ; nigri- 

penne 182, 209, 258 

Aleochava brevipennis, 183 ; cuniculorum, 

67, 181 
Amara antbobia, 87, 117, 159, 257 ; con- 
sularis, 181 ; curta, 279 ; patricia, 

182, 257 

Ampbicyllis globus 182 

Amphotis marginata 209 

Anisodactylus pojciloides 234 

Anisotoma algirica, anglica, 198 ; badia, 
182; ciliavis, &c.,257 ; cinnamomea, 
182, 198 ; furva, 93 ; grandis, heydeni, 
lucens, oblonga, 198 ; punctulata, 

182: rugosa 181 

Anitys rubens 68 

Anobium denticolle ... 67 

Anoplodera sexguttata 68 

Anthaxia nitidula 68 

Antheropbagus pallens 209 

Apbela algarum 270 

Apbodius granarius, 271 ; lapponum, 68, 

258 ; lividus, 271 ; porcus, &c 90 

Apion affine, 183 ; annulipes, 20 ; astra- 
gali, 257 ; brunnipes, 256 ; filirostre, 
182 ; limonii, 68 ; pallipes, pubescens, 

sanguineum, schonberri 181 

Apteropeda orbiculata 210 

Arthropterus brevis 267 

Asemum striatum 19, 210 

Atemeles emarginatus 20 

Badister sodalis 20 

Bagous glabrirostris 253 

Balaninus betulse 209 

Baris pilistriata, T-album . : 224 

Bembidium fluviatile, &c 209 

Bledius femoralis, 280 ; talpa 280 

Bolboceras proboscidium 269 

Bracbytarsus varius ...., 182 


Bryaxis wiiterbou>;ei 68 

Bytbinus curtisi 182 

Calliceru'; obscurus, 181 ; rigidicornis, 69, 235 

Callidinm variabile, &c 235 

Carabus glabratus 68 

Catops sericatus 181 

Ceocepbalus interiiatus, 268 ; tenuipes .. 268 

C'epbalodesmius armiger 269 

Ceuthorrbyncbidius borridns, 181; daw- 

soni 68 

Ceuthorrbyncbus cochlearia% 69 ; hirtu- 

lus, 210; resedae, viduatus 183 

Cbffitocnema sablbergi 68 

(!Iholeva grandicollis, 20 ; spadicea 182 

Chrysninela didymata, 183; goettirigensis 280 

Cicindela ypsilon, mastersi 270 

C'is bilamellatus 280 

Cistelaatra 280 

Olaviger testaceus 20 

Cleonus sulcirostris 279 

Clerus foi'inicarius 19 

Clinocara tetratonia 46 

Coiiopalpus testaceus... 182 

Creopbilus erythrocephalus 270 

Crepidodera nitidula 182 

Criocepbalus rusticus 15 

Cryptophagus populi, 181 ; pubescens, 

182; vuficornis 68 

Cychrus rostratus 181 

Cyrtotriplax bipustulata 235 

Dacne fowleri (sp. n.) 274 

Dendropbilus punctatus 184, 234 

Dibolia cy noglossi 256 

Dicrocbile gigas, goryi 269 

Donacia tbalassina, &c 183 

Dorcatoma flavicornis ... 68 

Elater n?tbiops, 210 ; elongatulus, 68, 

lythropterus, 235 ; nigerrimus, 210 ; 

pomonae, 235 ; sanguinolentus 280 

Elmis volkmari 68 

Encepbalus complicans 181 

Enicmus testaceus, 182 ; brevicornis 275 

Epicosmius australis 268 

Epitrix atropse 182 

Epuraea longula, obsoleta, parvula, 162 ; 

pusilla 19 

Eryx ater 209 

Eubria palustris 183 

Euconnus denticornis 182 


Eiiplectus ainbignns 253 

Gempylodes tmetus 268 

Geodiomicus globulicollis 209 

Gnathoncus nannetensis 234 

Gnorimus nobilis 159,235 

Graphoderes ciiiereus 263 

Gyranusa bvevicollis 253 

Gyrophaena pulchella, 92 ; strictula 181 

Ha}nionia appendiculata 183 

Haliplus confinis, var. pallens 183 

Haplocnemus nigricornis 182 

Harpalus discoideus, 45 ; honestus 257 

Helluo costatus ... 268 

Helops coeruleiis 67 

Heptaulacus villosus 181 

Hololeius nitidulus 269 

Homalosoma cyaneum 267 

Honiffiodytes scutellavis 269 

Homalota cambrics, 253 ; clavigera, 20 ; 
insecta, 183 ; intermedia, 20 ; lan- 
guida, 183 ; scapularis, 181 ; vali- 

diuscula 20 

Hydnobius puiictatissimus, stiigosvis..l8'2, 209 

Hj'drobius fuscipes, var. aeiiens 138 

Hydroporus bilinea'us, var. hopffgarteni, 

6'^; scalesianus 263 

Hylesinus oleiperda 182 

Hypocyptus seminulum 182 

HypophloBus bicolor 68, 181 

Ilybius fenescens 67 

Ips quadriguttata 162 

Ipsaphes bicolor, mserosus 268 

Ischnomera ccerulea, sanguinicollis 235 

Lfemophloeus bimaculatus, 68 ; monilis... 275 

Laemosthenes complanatus 234 

Lampriraa .senea 269 

Lamprinus saginatus 181 

Lathrobium filiforme 183 

Lebia chlorocephala 183 

Lemidia hilaris 270 

Leptinus testaceus 182 

Leptura scutellata 235 

Leptusa analis 258 

Liparochrns silphoides 269 

Liosomus ovatulus, var. collaris 182 

Lissonotus nebulosus 269 

Litargus bifasciatus 68, 275 

Longitarsus agilis, 182 ; curtus, 92 ; dis- 
tiuguendus, 20 ; flavicornis, 183 ; 

holsaticus, 182 ; tabidus 20 

Lyctus brunneus 280 



Lymexylon navale 179 

Macrogyn;s oblongus 271 

Malachius barnevillei, 15 ; ruficollisi, 280 ; 

spinosus, 66; vuliieratus 88, 234 

Mantnra matthewsi 182 

Mecynotarsus albellus 270 

Medoii castaneus 188 

Megacronus formosus 279 

Megatoma undata 67 

Melanopbthalma distingueiida 275 

Melanotus castanipes 19 

Melasis buprestoides 183 

Meligethes obscurus 21,162 

Mesosa nubila 235 

Methypbora postica 270 

Metoecus paradoxus 45 

Miarus plantarum 182 

Microglossa gentilis, 185 ; marginalis, 

nidicola, 184 ; puUa 181,184 

Miscodera arctica 68 

Monotoma rufa, &c 234 

Mordella fasciata 182 

Mordellistena abdominalis, lateralis 182 

Myrmedonia collaris 183 

Mystropomns subcostatus 268 

Nacerdes melanura 280 

Nebria gyllenhali, and vars 68, 280 

Neoclytus caprea, 93 ; erythroceplialus .. 92 
Neuraphes angulatus, 253 ; elongatulus . . 20 

Ocladius walkeri (sp. n.), Cameron 179 

Ocypus pedator 68 

Ocyusa maura, picina 91 

Omosita depressa lf'2 

Oncomera femoi-ata ■■ 280 

Onthophilus sulcatus .. 182 

Opilo mollis 97,235 

Orchesia micans 279 

Orchestes sparsus 20,115 

Orobitis cyaneus 182, 253 

Orthocbsetes setiger 182 

Osphya bipunctata 209 

Oxytelus fairmairei, 20 ; fulvipes 280 

Pamborus alternans 268 

PanagDeus 4-pustulatus 182 

Patrobus assimilis, 68, 254 ; septentrionis 68 

Pheropsophus verticalis 268 

Philonthus corvinus, 20 ; fucicola 280 

Pliyllobrotica quadriraaculata 182 

Phymatopterus piceus 267 

Phytobius muricatus 20 



Phytoecia cylindrica 18'2 

Phytosus balticus, iiigriventris 235 

Platydema 4-spilotuin 269 

Platystethus nitens 280 

Pselaphus dresdensis 20, 159 

Psylliodes hyoscyami 182 

Ptinus tectus 93 

Ptomaphila lachvymosa 270 

Quedius lateralis, 20; nigrocoeruleus, 279 ; 
variabilis, 197 ; ventralis, 67 ; xan- 

thopus 80 

Rhagium indagator 19 

Rhantus adspersus, 263 ; pulverosus 270 

Rhizophagus dispar, 162; perforatus 163 

Rhizotrogus ochraceus 16 

Rhopalomesites tardyi 207 

Rhynchites interpunctatus 182 

Rhyncolus ater 19 

Saprinus australiifi, 270 ; metallicus, 279 ; 

virescens 181 

Sartallus signatus 270 

Scaraphites macleayi 268 

Scymnus lividus, 161 ; mulsauti 162 

Seirotrana catenulata 269 

Silvanus mercator 37,69 

Staphylinus fulvipes, 18 ; pubescens 253 

Stenus atratulus, civcularis, loiigitarsis .. 183 

Strangalia aurulenta 162 

Telephorus figuvatus, var. scotieus 209 

Tetratoma fungovura 46, 181 

Tetropium castaneum, 69 ; crawshayi (sp. 
n.), fuscum, gabrieli, 271 ; gracili- 
corne, 272 ; luridum, 271 ; parcuin 

(sp. n.), 272; ? sp 223 

Thalycra sericea 161 

Throscus carinifrons 161, 182 

Trachys minuta, 182; pumila 181, 182 

Ti-iarthron markeli 161 

Trichius fasciatus 19 

Triplax senea, 178 ; bicolor, 86, 135, 178 ; 

lacordairei 178 

Tropideres sepicola 262 

Tropiphorus elevatus 19 

Trox australasiae, 2.0; sabulosus 181 

Trypodendron lineatum 19 

Tychius scbneideri 68 

Zeugophora flavicollis 225 



Acbalcus ciiiereiis flavicollis 172 

Acidia lycbnidis 7,139 

Actia frontalis 7,207 

Agatlioniyia boieella, 6 ; viduella 5 

Alloeoneui'us 193 

Aiiepsiomyia flaviveiiti'is 248 

Anthrax civcumdata 72 

Aphrosylus celtiber, 249 ; forox, raptor .. 250 

Argyra, 82 ; argyria, atriceps, confinis, 

elongata 83 

Atlierix crassipes, 72, 139 ; inarginata...71, 139 

Atylotus fulvus , 71, 93 

Bathycranium bicolorellum 247 

Callimyia dahlbomi, 8 ; elegantula 5 

Callipbora erythrocephala 175 

Cauipsicnemus, 193 ; annatus, curvipes, 
loripes, magius, 194 ; pectinulatus, 
picticornis, 195; pusillus, scambus .. 194 

Ceroplatus tipuloides 139 

Chilosia bergenstammi 139 

Chrysochlamys ruficornis 139 

Chrysotimus concinnus, molliculus 248 

Chrysotoxum arcnatum, 163; elegans ... 94 
Chrysotus, 53; amplicornis, 55; anguli- 
cornis, 56 ; blepharoscelis, 55 ; cilipes, 
54 ; cupreus, 55 ; feraoratus, 54 ; gra- 
mineus, 56; laesus, 55; melampodius, 
microcerus, monochsetus, 66 ; palus- 
tris, 55 ; pulchellus, 54 ; varians ... 57 

Ccelom^'ia moUissima 164 

Conops ceriiformis, vesicularis 94 

Craspedothrix vivipara 207 

Ctenophora ornata 139 

Cynomyia alpina 163 

Diaphorus cyanocephalus, dorsalis, 81; 
halteralis, 82; hofFmanseggii,- nigri- 
cans, oculatus, tripilus, 81 ; winthemi 82 
Didea alneti, 72 ; fasciata, intermedia ... 94 

Dolichopodidai 50, 81, 108, 167, 188, 247 

Dolichopus argyrotarsis, 279 ; clavipes ... 164 
Drosopbila ampelophila, melauogaster ... 276 

Ectomus alpinus 195 

Erigone, 57, 204 ; appendiculata, 58, 204 ; 
consobrina, 60 ; intermedia, 58 ; ue- 
morum, 205; pectinata, 57; rudis, 60, 

205 ; strenua, 69 ; truncata 58, 204 

Eristalis cryptarum, 72, 94, 139 ; rupium 163 

Exorista agnata, antennata, fugax, gliriua, 

grossa, intermedia 206 

Gymnopternus assimilis, 62 ; clialybseus, 
metallicus 53 


Hercostomus atrovirens, 51, 250 ; chry- 
soz3'gos, 51 ; cretifer, 50 ; fulvi- 
caudis, germanus, 51 ; gracilis, 50 ; 
nigriplantis, parvilainellatus, plagia- 

tus 51 

Hoinalorayia difficilis, 7 ; monilis 164 

Hydi-ophorus bipunctatus, bisetus, 192 ; 
borealis, 193; litoveus, 192; nebu- 
losus, 193; pi-iEcox, 192; rufibarbis, 

193; viridis 192 

HydrotsBa, 239; ciliata, 243; cyrtoneurina, 
deiitipes, 244 ; occulta, 243 ; palius- 
trica, 245; pilipes, 164, 246; lon- 

daiiii, 246; similis 164,245 

Hyetodesia pallida... 163 

Hypoderma lineata 94 

Hypophyllus discipes, obscurellus 52 

Icterica westennanni 94 

Lainpro';broraus elegaus 53,251 

Leptomorpbus walkeri 139 

Leucostola vestita 83 

Liancalus lacustris, 193; viiens ... . 164, 193 

Limnobia aiiDuIus 93 

Liraiiophora solitaria 163 

Lophosia fasciata 236 

Macbaeriura maritimsB 108 

Machimus rusticus 72 

Maci'ostomus 94 

Mallota cimbiciformis 94 

Medeterus, 188; apicalis, 189; dendvo- 
bsenug, 191; diadema, flavipes, 190; 
inicaceus, 189 ; obscurus, 190 ; pal- 
lipes, 189; petrophilus, 191; tristis. . 189 

Melangyna quadrimaculata ... 94 

Melanostolus melancbolicns 81 

Melanostoma mellinuiu 151 

Metopia amabilis, leucocephala 163 

Micromorphus albipes 248 

Micropalpus coraptus, fulgens, 200 ; lia;- 
morrhoidalis, 201 ; irapudicus, 202 ; 
pictus, 199,202; pudicus, vulpiiius .. 200 

Mydffia longitarsis 7 

Myiocera carinifrons 164 

Myiolepta luteola 94 

Nemoraja 205 

Oncodes gibbosus 94 

Orthochile nigrocccrulea 52 

Oxycera pulchella 93 

Palloptera laetabilis 7 

Paragus tibialis 163 

Pedicia rivosa 93, 139 

Phortica variegata 139 



Phytomyptera nitidiventiis 207 

I'ipizella flavitarsis 163 

Pipunculus arimosus 7 

Pocota apifovrais 262 

Porphyrops, 109; antennata, 110; consob- 
riiia, 112; cvassipes, 111; discolor, 
112; eloiigatula, 111; fascipes, 111, 
251 ; gravipe.s, 110, 279; longilamel- 
latns. 111, 279; micans, nasuta, 112; 
nemorum, patellitarsis, patula, pec- 
tinata. 111 ; peiiicillata, prserosa, 
riparia, 110; rivalis, 111,279; simp- 
lex, spinicoxa, 110 ; tenuis 112 

Prosopaja sp 72 

Ptilops nigvita 206 

Rbamphomjda tenuirostris 94 

Uliapbium loHgicorne 108 

Roeselia, 202 ; antiqua, pallipes 203 

Scellus dolichocerus, notatus, spiniraanus.. 191 

SchoBnopbilus versutus 249 

Scoliocentra villosa 139 

Sphegiiia clunipes 139 

Sympycnus ajneicoxa, cirripes, nigriti- 

liialis, spiculatus 196 

Syntormon biseriatus, denticulatus, 171 ; 
sulcipes, 172 ; tarsatus, 171, 252 ; 

zelleri 172 

Syrpbus arcticus, compositarum 163 

Systenus, 169, 251 ; adpt'opinquans, bi- 
paititus, leucui-us, 170, 251 ; scholtzii, 

169, 251; teller 251 

Tabanus cordiger, 71, 139; sudeticus 163 

Teuchophorus calcaratus, 195 ; monacan- 
thus, pectiuifer, 196 ; signatus, 195 ; 

simplex 196 

Thereva annulata 261 

Thinopbilus, flavipalpis, ruficornis 249 

Thrypticus bellus, 83 ; divisus, smarag- 

diiius, sp 108 

Thryptoccra frontalis 207 

Tricbolyga major 206 

Ulidia nigripennis 227 

Varichaita 205 

Viviania cinerea ... 206 

Volucella inanis 94 

Xantbandrus coratus 94, 150, 185 

Xantliocblorus ornatus, tenellus 248 

Xanthogramma citrofasciatum 94 

Xiphandrium aiictura, 168 ; brevicorne, 
169; fasciatum, 168 ; fissuin, lanceo- 

latum 169 

Xylota floriim, 139 ; lenta 94 



Aonidia javaneiisis (sp. n.), Oreeu 31 

Asciodeina fieberi -. 212 

Aspidiotus piistulans (sp. 11.), Green 31 

Chioiiaspis dilatata, 29 ; hedi'otidis, litzese, 

30; vavicosa, vitis 29 

Calocoris striatus 27 

Euloba 23G 

Hemichionaspis aspidistias, drac83iise 29 

Ledra aurita 214 

Lepidosaphes ciawii. lasiantbi, pinnas- 

formis, 28 ; ungulata (sp. n.), Green 29 

Leptopterna dolabrata 262 

Limotettix stactogala 47 

Macrocoleus bortulaiius 212 

Nabis brevipeiinis, lativenfcris 262 

Opuiitiaspis javanensis (sp. n.), Green ... 28 

Pentatoma juniperinura 27 

Urostylis iustructivus (sp. n.), Reuter ... 64 

Zicrona coerulea 27 


Agenia bircana, 263 ; variegata 212, 261 

Amauronematus inoricei 63 

Andrena battoifiana, 21 ; lapponica, 117 ; 

Ulceus, 21 ; proxima 117 

Astata stigma 262 

Calicurgus byalinatus 21 

Cilissa baemorrboidalis 117 

Ciinbex connata 214 

Crabro capitosus, 212 ; cetratus, panzeri, 

signatus 262 

Didineis lunicornis 21 

Formica fusca, race gagates 211 

Panurgus moricei 283 

Leptothorax acervorum 22 

Lygseonematus psedidus 64 

Methoca icbneumonides 261 

Mutilla epbippium 261 

Mimesa dahlbomi 262 

Noniada obtusifrons 262 

Nysson trimaculatus 21 

Odynerus melanocephalus, 212; reni- 

formis 261 

Osmia xanthomelaua 261 

Oxybelus mandibularis, 261, 262 ; mucro- 

natus 261 

Painphilius gyllenbali 63 

Pemphredon morio ■■ 262 

Heriades fasciatus 283 

Prosopis dilatata, 21 ; genalis 117 


Sapyga quiuquepunctata 261 

Schizoceros furcatus 47 

Stelis octomaculata, 22, 262 ; pb;coptera.. 262 

Vespa vulgaris .. 8 


Abraxas grossulariata var. varleyata, 211 ; 

ulmata 238 

Acentropns niveus 42 

Acidalia emarginata, 12 ; emutaria, 12, 

42; iramutata 12 

Acherontia atropos 42,70 

Aciptilia galactodactylus, 117 ; spilo- 

dactylus 44 

Acronycta tridens 11, 26t 

Agarista glycine 229 

Aglossa cuprealis 98 

Agrotis agatbina, 42; aquilina, 11; asb- 

wortbii, 75, 123 ; cinerea 44 

Alloclita francoeuria; (sp. n.), Wlsm., 

126; vecisella 127 

Amphysa gerningaiia 259 

Anaitis paludata 142 

Anesychia decemguttella 13,43 

Anosia plexippus 220 

Antberaea eucalypti 229 

Anticlea rubidata, 12 ; sinuata (cucul- 

lata) 117 

Apamea ophiogramma ^4 

Apatura iris 34,282 

Apbomia sociella 12, 44 

Aplecta advena, 11 ; nebulosa 71,74 

Aponoea (gen. n.) Wlsm., obtusipalpis ... 125 

Aproaerema acantbylHdis (sp. n.), Wlsm., 

40; deverra; (sp. n.), Wlsm., 124; 

raitrella (sp. n.), Wlsm., 39 ; thau- 

malea (sp. n.), Wlpm., 41 ; zona- 

riella (sp. n.), Wlsm 39 

Argyresthia arceutbella, 259; curvella, 
43 ; illuminatella, Zell., 226, 265 ; 

mendica 43 

Asteroscopus sphinx 44 

Aventia fiesnla 44 

Biston hirtarius, vars 187 

Boarmia repandata var. conversaria 74 

Bomby X rubi , 259 

Bradyepetes amataria 12 

Calamia phragmitidis 11 

Calligenia miiiiata 11 

Calopbasia baraifera 211 

Caiuptogramma fluviata 24,42 

Catocala iiupta, 265; fraxini 42 

Catoptria expallidana, fulvaua 13 

Ceriira furcula 11 

Cliaraxes sempvonius 227 

Chelepteryx collesi 230 

Chrysoclista flavicaput ... 43 

Chrysophanus phlaaas var. eleus, vir- 

gauveffi var. miegii 76 

Cidaria picata, 42; sagittata, 12, 42; si- 

terata 117 

Cledeobia angustalis 12,42 

Cnepliasia altevnaiia, 13; communana, 

260; pascuana 13 

Coenonymplia pamphilus 18 

Coleopliora fabriciella, 13, 43; laricella, 

22 ; liraosipennella, 264 ; lixella, 70 ; 

ochrea, 259 ; vibicella, 22 ; virgau- 

reae 23 

CoHas edusa, 70, 74, 234 ; eurytheme var. 

eriphyle, 186; hyale 74 

Coremia quadrifasciaria 12, 4! 

Cosmia difBnis, pyralina 44 

Crambus alpinellus, 42 ; falsellus, 12, 42 ; 

geniculeus, 12; selasellus 12 

Cucullia asteris, 234 ; lychnitis 167 

Cupida minima 122 

Cymatopliora duplaris 23, 75, 259 

Danais petilia 220 

Dasycampa rubiginea 42 

Dasydia tenebravia var. wockearia 124 

Delias nigrina 229 

Deilephila livornica 42 

Depvessaria ciliella, liturella, 13; pul- 

cherrimella, 43 ; thapsiella, 1 67 ; 

yeatiana 43 

Diaseraia literalis 26 

Dianthoecia albimacula, 23 ; capsophila, 

25; carpophaga, 11; conspersa, 11, 

42; cucubali, 11; luteago, 25, var. 

ficklini 23 

Dichelia grotiana 12 

Dichrorampha flavidorsana, 211 ; plumba- 

gana, 259 ; saturnalia, 42 ; tanaceti .. 259 

Doratifera vulnerans 229 

Dyschorista ypsilon 11 

Ectropis (Tephrosia) consonaria ab. nigra, 

89, 145 
Elachista eleochariella, 259 ; luticomella, 

43; kilmunella, 259; taeniatella 13 

Emmelesia unifasciata 12 

Euicostoma lobelia 13 


Ennomos alniaria, 12 ; erosaria, 12 ; fus- 

cautaria .12, 42 

Epliestia ficulella 12,42 

Epigrapliia steinkellneriana 43 

Epione advenaria 238 

Erebia ffitbiops, 282 ; alecto var. nicboUi, 
124; evias, 49; glacialis. var. nicholli, 
gorge, gorgoiie, lefebvrei, 283 ; melas, 
121; palarica, 49; scipio, 264; stygne 49 

Eromene ocellea 237 

Eucbelia jacobene var 186 

Eudorea angustea (coarotalis), 70, 117: 
cembra;, pallida, 12; resinea, 42; 

ulmella 12 

Eucbeira socialis 124 

Euplrea corinna 220 

Enpoecilia degreyana, ciliella, 13, 43; 
seyeriana, 43 ; mussebliana, 26 ; 

vectisana 43 

Enpitbecia expallidata, 23; extensaria, 
258 ; belveticaria, 259 ; irria:uata, 12 ; 
satyrata, 259 ; succenturiata, val- 

erianata, 12; virganreata 259 

Eurymene dolobraria 44 

Entbemonia russula 75 

Euzopbera pinguis 44 

fialleria mellonella 44 

Oa^itropacba quercifolia 11,44 

Gelechia fraternella, fugitivella, berman- 
ella,43; lutulentella, 13,43 ; mouffe- 
tella, muscosella, rufescens, 43 ; 
solutella, 259; tseniolella, 43; tar- 

quiniella 25 

(rpometra papilionaria 12,44 

Gracilaria eloneella, 259 ; tringipennella.. 259 

Graellsia isabellse 186 

(rrapbolita campoliliana, 259; naevana, 

13, 259 
Hadena contis:ua, 238; genistas, 44; 

glanca, 258 ; suasa 11 

Harpipteryx scabrella 43 

Hastula byerana, 100, 129, var. margi- 

nata 131, 149 

Hecatera Serena . 11 

Heliconius numata, silvana, vetusta 283 

Heliopbobus cespitis 11 

Hemeropbila abruptaria 24 

Hesperia lineola 142 

Heteronympba banksi, merope, mirifica .. 22'* 

Homceosoma nebulella, nimbella 12 

Hydrilla arcuosa 11 

Hylopbila bicolorana 44 



Hj'pochalcia ahenella 44 

Hypocibta euphemia 228 

Hypolimnas bolina, 220; niisippus ...99.220 

Hyponomeuta vigintipunctatus 43 

lalmenus evagoi-as, ictinus 228 

Incurvaria oehlmanniella 2^9 

Junonia vellida 227 

Larentia autumnata 142 

Laverna ochraceella 13,43 

Leioptilus lienigianus, 42, 167 ; micro- 

dactylus 13,42 

Leptogvamma literana 42 

Leucania favicolor, 24, 42, 43, 77, 104, 
description of larva, 106, 132; ob- 

soleta 42 

Libythea geofFroyi nicevillei 13 

Ligdia adustata 12 

Limenitis sibylla 34 

Limnas chrysippus 124 

Lithocolletis frolichiella, hegeeriella, spin- 

olella, stettinensis 260 

Lithosia caniola, 25 ; griseola var. stra- 

mineola, 11 ; quadra 42 

Lobopbora viretata 42 

Luperina cespitis 44 

Lycsena argus var. hypocbiona, 254; orbi- 
tulus, var. obertburi, pberetes, py- 

renaica 283 

Madopa salicalis 2) 

Melanargia lachesis var. canigulensis, Me- 

litaea aurinia var. iberica 283 

Melanitis leda 228 

Mesosemia eumene 76 

Metoptria monogramraa 166 

Metura elongata 229 

Morpbo adonis 124 

Myelopbila cribrella 12, 235 

Nemophora piliella 259 

Netrocoryne repanda 229 

Neuria saponariffi (reticulata) 11,42 

Nola centonalis, strigula 42 

Nonagria geminipuncta 42 

Notodonta dictaeoides 44 

Nudaria senex 11 

Ocbsenheimeria vacculella 96 

fficopbora subaquilella 259 

Ogy ris abrota, geno veva 228 

Opbiodes lunaris 166 

Ornix loganella, scoticella 260 

Orsonoba ortbogrammaria (sp. n.). Long- 
staff 184 


Ortbosia suspecta 44 

Ortboticiiia antiquaiia, 13, 42 ; sparga- 

nella, 13, 43 ; striana 13,42 

Oxyptilus teucrii 60 

Papilio anactus, 219 ; bluinei, 122 ; erech- 

tbeus, 219 ; besperus, 99 ; lycaon, 

219 ; maoleayaiius, 123, 220 ; sar- 

pedon, sthenelus 219 

Paraponyx .^tratiotalis 12 

Pentbina diinidiana, 258; marginana, 

259; ocbroleucana, 44 ; sauciana ... 259 

Pericallia syringaria .. . 12, 42, 44 

Peronea mixtana 259 

Pbibalapteryx fluviata, vitalbata 12 

Pboxoptei-yx biarcuana, myrtillana, 258 ; 

uncana, unguicana 259 

Phycis betube .. 44 

Pleurota bastiforrais (,sp. n.), Wlsm., 128 ; 

nitens 127 

Plusia moneta .42,44 

Plutella annulatella, dalella, 259 ; por- 

rectella 43 

Poecilocampa populi ... 259 

Pcfidisca sordidana 42 

Polia flavocincta, 11 ; xanthomista 23 

Pseudacraia poggei 124 

Psyche reticella .. 43 

Pterophorus tetradactylus 71 

Pterostoma palpina 11 

Pygaera curtula 44 

Pyralis glaucinalis 12 

Retinia piiiicolana 42 

Rbodopb;ea advenella, 42, 44 ; formosa, 

12, 42, 4t ; marmorea, suavella 12, 42 

Rivula sericealis 11 

Sarotbripus uiidulanus 44 

Saty rus semele 44, 70 

Scardia arcella, 43 ; cloacella 13 

Scodiona belgiaria 258 

Scoparia (Eudorea) angustea (coarctalis), 

70,117; ceiubras, pallida, 12; resinea, 

42; ulmella 12 

Scopula decrepitalis 260 

Selenia lunaria 12,44 

Scboenobius forficellus, mucronellus 12, 42 

Spbinx convolvuli, 70 ; pinastri 42 

Spilodes palealis 44 

Spilosoma (Arctia) urticae .. 75 

Stigmonota cognatana, cosmophorana ... 259 

Strenia clatbrata 11 

Swammerdamia comptella, spiniella 43 


Symmoca calidella (sp. n.), VVlsni., 37 ; 

molitor (sp. ii.), Wlsiu., obliterata 

(sp. n.), Wlsm., 38 ; ponerias (sp. 

n.), Wlsm 37 

Tephrosia consonaria ab. nigra, 89, 115 ; 

consortaria 145 

Tethea retusa 1 1 , 42 

Theclarubi 167,238 

Tinea granella, 117 ; lapella, 43 ; seini- 

fulvella 13,43 

Tisiphone abeona 22S 

Tortrix diversana, 42 ; pronubana, 276 ; 

unicolorana 100 

Trichiura cratsegi 41 

Vanessa antiopa, 260; c-album, 25; car- 

dui, polycbloros 70 

Xanthia gilvago 44 

Xenica achanta, kliigii 228 

Xylina petrificata, 70; seraibrunnea 117 

Xylocampa lithoriza 11 

Yponoraeuta vigintipunctata 13 

Ypthima arctous... 228 

Zouosotna pendularia var. subroseata 74 


^schna isosceles, 2; mixta 75, 147 

Agrion armatum, 187 ; ccerulescens, 148 ; 

hastulatuui, 2, 36; mei-cuviale 75 

Anax imperator, 2, 33, 75 ; parthenope ..2, 33 

Boyeria irene 147 

Csecilius dalii 213 

Calopteryx exul, hsemorrboidalis .. 147 

Chrysopa dorsal is 96 

Cordulegaster annulatus, 35, 147 ; biden- 

tatus 4 

Cordulia aenea 3 

Ectopsocus briggsi 213 

Elipsocus westwoodii 213 

Epitheca bimaculata 34 

Gomphus lucasii, 147; pulchellus, 3, 34; 

vulgatissimus 34,75 

Ischnura fountainei, sp. n., 147 ; graellsii, 

genei, 148 ; purailio 4,75 


Lestes diyas, 34 ; viridis 149 

Lt'ucorrbinia albifrons, 3, 34; candatus, 

34; dubia, 35; pectoralis 34 

Libollula fulva 31,262 

Liniiiopbihis elegans 47 

Nelialennia speciosum 1 

Onychogomphus forcipatus, 4, 34, 117; 

uncatus 4,147 

Ophiogomphus serpentinus 34 

Oi'thetrum brunneum, 34 ; canccllatuni, 

2,34; nitidinerve, ramburii 146 

Panorpa cognata 98 

Peripsocus alboguttatus 213 

Platycnemis pennipes, 75 ; subdilatata ... 147 

Psocus bipunctatus, morio 213 

Pyrrhosoma tenellum 3, 148 

Sympetrura fonsoolombii, 3, 146 ; meii- 

dionale, 36, 146 ; sanguineura 134 

Somatochlora alpestris, arctica. 3 > ; flavo- 

maculata, 33 ; metallica 34 

Sympj'cna fusca 149 


Acridium aegypticum 76 

Anechura torquata 85 

Anisolabis colossea, 233 ; annulipes 234 

Apterygida aracliidis, 187, 234; media 

(albipennis) 22 

Chaitopsania capella 84 

Porficula auricularia, ab., 2:i4; davidi, 

interrogans 85 

Gomphocerus rufus 22,136 

Labia laminata 84 

Labidura viparia 233 

Leucopbiea surinamensis 143 

Locusta viridissima 236,238 

Periplaneta americana 143 

Phaneroptera quadripunctata 283 

Platycleis grisea 236 

Polyzosteria ferruginea 233 

Stenobothruselegans,lineatus,236; rufipes 265 
Xipbidium dorsale 236 





Ceratophyllus farreni, 2ioi/;scA 255 

Pulex clieopeis, „ 139 


Amara anthobia, Villa 87 

Anisotoma lucens, ^airw 198 

Baris pilistriata, S^epfe. (reinstated) 224 

Crioeephalus rusticus, DeJ 15 

Dacne fowleri, Joy 274 

Lajmopliloeus inonilis, J?'a6r 275 

Malachius barnevillei, Futon, 15 ; vulner- 

atus, Ab 88 

Melanophthalma distinguenda, Com 275 

Quedius variabilis, iZeer 197 

Silvanus mercator, Fauv. 37 

Tetropiura crawsliayi, Sharp, 271 ; par- 

cum, Sharp 272 

Triplax bicolor, Gi/ll 86,135 


Agathom^'ia boreella, Z<f 6 

Callimy ia elegantula, -FZ/i 6 

Chry sotus femoratus, Ztt 64 

Craspedothrix vivipara, B. if* B 207 

Dolichopus argyrotarsis, Wahlb. 279 

Erigone pectinata, G^JrscA 57 

Exorista antennata, 5. (f- .B 206 

J, fugax „ 206 

„ glivina „ 206 

„ intermedia „ 206 

Homalomyia difficilis, S^eiji 7 


Medeterus obscurus, Ztt 190 

Palloptera Isetabilis, iitt. .. 7 

Phytomyptera nitidiventris, JBraci 207 

Porpbyrops gravipes, SflZ 279 

,, rivalis, iw Ill 

Ptilops nigrita, PZn 206 

Roeselia pallipes, ,, 203 

Systenus bipartitus, Lw 170, 251 

„ leucuriis „ 251 

„ scholtzii „ 169 

„ tener „ 251 

Tachytrecbus ripicola „ (1904, p. 243). 

Tricholyga major, Und 206 

Ulidia nigripennis, ii« 227 

Xipbandrium lanceolatum, Tiw 169 


Amauronematus moricei, ^o»oM> 63 

Ijj'gffionematus paididus, jE'onow 64 

Pamphilius gyllenbali, Dablb 63 


Argyresthia illuminatella, Zell. 
Tortrix pronubana, Hh 




Ceratophyllus farrcni, Rathscli., Britain.. 255 
Stephanocircus simsoui, ,, Tasmania 61 

Ocladius walkeri, Cameron, 

Island of Perim 179 

Dacne fowleri, t^o.y, ^er^s/aVe 274 

Tetropium cra\vslia3-i, Sharp, Britain ... 271. 
„ parcum, „ „ ... 272 


Aouidia javaneusis, Grreew, Jat>a 31 

Aspidiotus pustulans, „ „ 31 

Lepidosaphes ungulata, „ „ 29 

Opuntiaspis javeiiensis „ „ 28 

Urostylis iiistructivus, Renter, India ... G4i 

Aponoea, Wlsm 125 


Atloclita francoeui'ia!, Wlsm., Algeria 

.. 126 

Aponoea oljtusipalpis, „ „ 

.. 125 

Api-oacreina acanthyllidis, Wlsm. „ 

.. 40 

„ deverrae, „ „ 

.. 124 

„ mitrella, „ „ 

.. 39 

„ thaumalea, „ „ 

.. 41 

„ zonariella, „ „ 

.. 39 

Orsonoba ortliograrainaria, Lnngstaff, 
Song Kotig 

.. 184 

Pleuvota hastifonnis, Wlsm., Algeria 

.. 128 

Syinmoca calidella, „ „ 

.. 37 

„ molitor, „ „ 

.. 38 

„ obliteiata, „ „ 

.. 3S 

„ ponerias, „ „ 

.. 37 


Ischuuia fouiitainei, Morton, Algeria .. 



Anechuia io\\\Kxa.ia,, Burr, Tonkin 85 

Cli!eto.spania capella, „ Madagascar... 84 

Foificula davidi, „ Mou Pin 85 

„ iiiterrogaus, „ India 85 

Labia laminata, „ Java 84 


Plate I. — Stephanocircus simsoni, Rothsch. ^see pages 61, 62). 
II. — Hastula hyerana, Mill, (see page 157). 
VIII. — Ceratophyllus farreni, Rothsch. (see page 256). 


12, col. 2, line 4 from top, for "Timadra," read " Tiinandra." 

12, ,, 3, ,, 7 „ bottom, _/or "contammana," read "contaminana." 

19, li 




lie 17 from top,/or " ezample," read " example." 

19 .. ,, „ " spilodact^la," read " spilodactylus." 
bottom, for " spain," read " Spain." 
top, ,, " Amphydasis" read " Anvphidasys." 

,, ,, " literata," read " siterata." 

,1 „ " pyrrina," read " pyrina." 

>, „ " Sypophlxus," read " Hypophlaeus" 

„ „ " Enconnus," read " Euconnus." 

,, ,, "Erigine," read " Erigone." 

„ „ " maculicollis,' read " maculicornis." 

bottom, „ " A. xthiops," read " E. sethiops." 
top „ " puctuation," read " punctuation." 

1, for " screechnig," read " screeching." 
22 from top, for " Coreid," read " Reduviid." 
21 „ „ „ " Mathow," read " Mathon." 


P Je '08 


Second Series, No. 181.1 taattta-d^ lonr it. a^ 

rjT ^o'g-j -' JAJnUAEi, 1905. [Peicp 6^?. 




W. W. FOWLEE, M.A., E.L.S. 


[VOL. XLI.] 

" J'engage done tous k eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Lahoulhene. 


GUENEY & JACKSON (Me. Van Vooest's Succe^«^ 




From this date the First Series of this Magazine (1884—1889) can 
be obtained only in complete Volumes, bound or unboand. 

A limited number of sets, from Vol. x to Vol. xxv inclusive, are 
offered at the reduced price of £2 15s. per set net (in parts), or of five 
consecutive Vols, at £1 per set net (if bound, is. per Vol. extra). 

Owing to inequality in stock, certain of the Vols, i to ix can be had 
separately at lOs. each. 

The Editors will pay 2s. each for clean copies of Nos. 7, 9, 20, 
and 21 of the First Series. 

Apply to the Publishers. 

May 1%th, 1893. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

"Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 12s. 6d. 

Lowest charge, 3s. 6d. up to 5 lines; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8vo, with 59 plates engraved on copper 
from the author's drawings : 

F.R.S., F.L.S., &c. Price, £3 10s. 

First Additional Supplement (with 7 plates), Price, 8s. 

London : Gueney & Jackson, 1, Paternoster Row, E.G. 
Berlin ; Friedlander und Sohn, 11, Carlstrasse. 

4 4 IRlT a rrs TT "D xn > > 



" Nature " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent scientific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspondence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication among men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


(To all places Abroad). £ s. d. 

Yearly 1 10 6 

Half. Yearly , 15 6 

Quarterly 8 

& ». d. 

STearly 18 

Haif. Yearly 14 6 

Quarterly 7 6 

Uloney Orders to be made payable to MACMILLADT and CO., Ltd. 
Office: St. Martin's Street, London, W.O. 


A very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered at specially low rates, post free ; — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India, &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had ou application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Tlie Practical Scientific Cabinet Iflakei's. 


(Established 1847), 

glakfrs of ^krg iesaiption u\ ^i^e of Cabinets, abases, Store 
ioKS, gparattts, aui> gippliances, 

And. Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conohologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c- 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Sggs and Skins. The Drawers 
graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 


8^° All Qoods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDING HOUSE STREET and 0(JLE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddeesfield ; 




This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Periodicals in the British Isles, dating 
hack to 1833, and is circulated uidely amongst the principal Naturalists oj the country. 

London : A. Bbown and Sons, 5, Fabeingdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free ; through Booksellers, 6s. Net 


A very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The follo^»ing lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India. &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. tndia, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Tlie Practical ficientillc Ca1>inet Makers. 


(EBtablished 1847). 

glakers of ^krg fesaiptioit nnb ^\iz of Cabinets, djases, ^tore 
ioKS, gparatus, ml Upliances, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, M^umismatists, Conchologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 
graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 


Q^° All Qoods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDIN& HOTJSE STREET and O&LE STREET, W; 






Museum, Hull; Tecunical College, Huddeesfield ; 




This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Periodicals in the British Isles, dating 
hack to 1833, and is circulated widely amongst the princi]pal Katuralists oj the country. 

London : A. Bbown and Sons, 5, Fakeingdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free ; through Booksellers, 6s. Net 


Duplicates : many specimens of following for exchange and distribution — 
Aepus robini, Micralymma brevipenne, Apion voras, A. confluens, CJorticaria crenu- 
lata, C. denticulata, C. ambilicata, types of Longitarsus curtus. — Dr. Bailey, Port 
Erin, Isle of Man. 

Series (Vol. XL), strongly bound in Cloth. Price 7/-. 
Covers for binding, 1/- each. 

London: GURNBY and JACKSON, Paternoster Row. E.C 

WATKIHS & QOHCASTBB, gatmialists, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/- ; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10 ; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6 ; Breeding Cages, 2/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, 2/- ; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin ; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/-; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8 ; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 
Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Steel 

Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 
Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascu- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to our New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, and is light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to earry in small compass. A very compact pattern, eSecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PRICES — with two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 

Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

^ large stock of J^ritisb, European, and Exotic J»epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and lirds' Eggs. 

EiNrTo:ynoiLiOa-iO-A.X-j Finsrs. 

The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 3s. 6d. 


36, STRAND, W.C, Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

L. o J^ r> o Tsr. 

Birds and Mammals, !fc,. Preserved ^Mounted by Urst-class workmen. 
Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to any address on application 


Obituary— Charles Golding Barrett. 

Dragon-fly Hunting in Eastern Switzerland. — Kenneth J. Morton, F.E.S 1 

The occurrence in Herefordshire of Callimyia elegantula, Fall., and Agathomyia 

boreella, Zett.— J. H. Wood, M.B 5 

A large community of Vespa vulgaris. — Rev. G. A. Crawshmj, M.A. ... 8 

Lepidoptera taken in a Moth- trap at Ditchingham, Suffolk. — Mrs. H. E. Mann.. . 10 

Note on Libythea geoffroyi nicevillei, Olliff. — 0. A. Waterhouse, F.E.S 13 

Another new British Longicorn (Criocephalus rusticus, Dej,). — D. Sharp, M.A., 

F.R.S., and T. Gilbert Smith 15 

Malachius barnevillei, Puton, an addition to the British list. — G. C. Champion, 

F.Z.S 15- 

Khizotrogus ochraceus, Knoch, a good species. — Dr. Norman H. Joy, F.E.S. ... 16 

Note on larva of Ccsnonympha pamphilus. — Dr. T. A. Chapman, F.Z.S 18 

Coleopteraat Eannoch. — Prof. T. Hudson Beare, B.Sc, F.R.S.E 18 

Coleoptera taken in the Flannan Islands by Mr. W. Eagle Clarke. — Id 19 

Phytobius muricatus, Ch. Bris., in Cumberland. — F. H. Day, F.E.S 20 

Atenieles emarginatus, Pk., and Claviger testaceus, Preys, in N. Wales — J. R. 

le B. Tomlin, M.A., F.E.S 20 

Coleoptera at Tring. — E. Geo. Elliman 20 

Orchestes sparsus, Fahr., in the New Forest. — Horace Donisthorpe, F.Z.S 20 

Meligethes obscurus, Er., in the Isle of Man, with notes on the flowers which 

it frequents. — Dr. J. Harold Bailey 21 

Aculeate Hymenoptera at Lyme Eegis. — E. B. Nevinson, F.E.S 21 

Note on the behaviour of Leptothorax tnberum. — Id 22 

Societies. — South London Entomological Society 22 

Entomological Society of London 23 


Vol. XV, Second Series (1904), ended with the last Number. Sub- 
scriptions, 6/- (POST-FREE) for 1905 are now due. Money or Postal 
Orders may be sent to the Editors, 10, Paternoster Row, London, E.G., or to 
either of them personally at his residence. The Subscription for nearly 
all foreign countries is now the same as that for the United Kingdom. 

Intending new Subscribers should send in their names and addresses 
as soon as possible. 

Those who have not yet remitted their Subscriptions for the current 
Vol. (1905) are requested to do so at their early convenience. 

The Editors are ready to entertain proposals for continuous Adver- 
tisements, or for a term. 

Second Series, No. 182.] -p-pr-rtta-rv lon^ .r. aj 

TNn 4Sfl'i thBlivJAKY, 1905. [Peice 6«?. 

[No. 489.] 






W. W. FOWLER, M.A., F.L.S. J. J. WALKEE, E.N., F.L.S. 


[vol.. XLI.] 

"J'engage done tous a evitei- dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Laboulbene. 


GUENEY & JACKSON (Me. Van Vooe^-'j ^ 




From this date the First Series of this Migiziae (1334-1889) can 
be obtained only la complete Volame?, boaad or unbound. 

A limited number of sets, from Vol. x to Vol xsv inclusive, are 
offered at the reduced price of £2 15s. per set net (in parts), or of five 
consecutive Vols, at £1 per set net (if bound, h. per Vol. extra). 

Owing to inequality in stock, certain of the Vols, i to ix can be had 
separately at 10s. each. 

The Editors will pay 2s. each for clean copies of Nos. 7, 9, 20, 
and 21 of the First Series. 

Apply to the Publishers. 

May 29th, 1893. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page ...123. 6d. 

Lowest charge, 3s. 6d. up to 5 lines; 6d- per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8vo, with 59 plates engravei on copper 
from the author's d/rawings : 

A M(:>n'0(^raph:ic reyisio?^ and synopsis op the 

F.R.S., F.L.S., &o. Price, £3 10s. 

First Additional Supplement (with 7 plates), Price, Ss. 

Londou : Gurney & Jackson, 1, Paternoster Row, E.G. 
Berlin • Friedlander und Sohn, 11, Carlstrasse. 



" Nature " coutaias Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eniiaent scientific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspoadence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication araon^ tnen of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


£, s. d. 

STearly 18 

Half-rearly 14 6 

Quarterly 7 6 

(To all placet Abroad J. £ s. d. 

Yearly 1 10 6 

Half- Yearly 15 6 

Quarterly 8 

Money Orders to be made payable to JVtAOMILLAN and CO., Ltd. 
Office: St. Martin's Street, London, W.C. 


JL very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The folloM?ing lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India. &e 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c. 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Tlie Practical Scientific Cabinet Hakers. 


{Established 1847), 

gtakers of ^krg icsmption anb ^x^t ai Cabinets, (^%t% ^tcn 
io^es, Apparatus, anb ippliances, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 
graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 


(^° All Goods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers, 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, EIDING HOUSE STEEET and OffLE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddeesfield ; 

with the assistance as referees in special departments of 


This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Periodicals in the British Isles, dating 
hack to 1833, and is circulated uidely amongst the princijpal l^aturalists of the country. 

London: A. Bbotvn and Sons, 5, Faekingdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Subscription, 6s, 6d., post free ; through Booksellers, 6s. Net 

Series (Vol. XL), strongly bound in Cloth. Price 7/-. 
Covers for binding, 1/- each. 

London: GURNEY and JACKSON, Paternoster Row. E.C 

The Editors are ready to entertain proposals for continuous Adver- 
tisements, or for a term. 

WATKIHS 8t QOHCASTEB, fatuiialists, 

Keep iu stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/- ; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Flain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6 ; Breeding Cages, 2/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, 2/- ; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/- ; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d.,l/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 
Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; .Steel 

Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 
Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d,, 6d. ; Egg Di'ills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascu- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to oar New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, and is light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to carry in small compass. A very compact pattern, eflFecting great saving of 

weight and baik. 

PRICES— with two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 

Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

|l large stock of Eritisb, European, and Exotic hepiAoptera, 
Coleoptera, and lirds' Eggs. 

EisrTo:M:oi_.oa-ia.A.]L. fii^s. 

The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 3s. 6d. 


36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

L o >r 3D o Tsr. 

Birds and Mammals, Sfc, Preserved ^Mounted hy first-class workmen. 

Our New Price List (96 'pp.) sent post free to any address on applicatiori 

This Number contains 28 Pages. 


In Memoriam— Charles Goiding Barrett 2& 

Editorial 27 

Hemiptera in Miller's Dale, Buxton, and Sherwood Forest.— J. Kidson Taylor... 27 
On some Javanese Coccidae : with descriptions of new species (concluded). — 

E. Ernest Green, F.E.S., ^c 28 

Dragon-fly Hunting in Eastern Switzerland (concluded). — Kenneth J. Morton, 

F.E.S 33 

Silvanus mercator, Pauvel, a species of Coleoptera new to Britain. — ./. R. le B. 

Tomlin, M.A., F.E.S 37 

Algerian Microlepidoptera (continued). — Rt. Hon. Lord Walsingham, M.A., 

LL.D., F.R.S., 4-c 37 

Suffolk Lepidoptera in 1904.— Eev. E. N. Bloomfield, M.A., F.E.S 41 

Leucania favicolor, Barr., and Epichnopteryx reticella, Newm., in Suffolk. — Id. 43 

Notes on a light-trap in Hertfordshire. — Philip J. Barraud, F.E.S 43 

The attitude of Satyrus seuiele at rest. — G. B. Longstaff, M.D., F.E.S 44 

Harpalus discoideus, F., and MetcBcus paradoxus, L., at Leighton Buzzard. — 

Rev. George A. Cravjshay, M.A 45 

Tetratoma fungorum, F., at Sherwood Forest. — J. Kidson Taylor 46 

Clinocara tetratoma, Thoms., in Derbyshii-e. — Id 46 

The flight of Rhizotrogus solstitialis, Linn. — E. J. B. Sopp, F.E.S 46 

Limotettix stactogala, Fieb., at Kyde. — Claude Morley, F.E.S 47 

Sehizoceros furcatus, Vill., at Chattenden Roughs. — A. J. Chitty, M.A., F.E.S. 47 

Limnophilus elegans in the Isle of Man. — Geo. T. Porritt, F.L.S 47 

Societies. — Birmingham Entomological Society 48 

Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society 48 

Entomological Society of London 49 

List of British Dolichopodidse, with tables and notes (continued). — G. H. 

Terrall, F.E.S 50 


■^ in their new Price List, No. XLVIII for 1905, offer more than 16,000 species 
of well-named LEI'IDOPTEHA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition ; 1400 kinds of PREPARED LARV^ ; numerous LIVING 
PUP^, &c. Separate Price Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYMEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 



late Baron v. Hopfgarten, containing about 13,000 species and varieties of 
PAL.^ARCTIC ZOOLITES, as well as several thousand specimens of EXOTIC 
COLEOPTERA, most of them determined by authorities ; also a LIBRARY. 
Enquiries and offers may b^*^ent to 


Those who have not yet remitted their Subscriptions for the current 
Vol. (1905) are requested to do so at their early convenience. 

Second Series, No . 183.] -j^A-Dnn lann i-d a^ 

\"N(\ 4.flni MAHLH, 1905. [Peice 6d. 

[No. 490.] 






W. W. FOWLEE, M.A., E.L.S. J. J. WALKEE, E.N., F.L.S. 


[VOL. XLl.] 

"J' engage done tons k eviter dans leurs ecrits tl^^i^piSisepfliaJli^ 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus^incei;© et la 
plus courtoise." — Laboulhene. 


GUENEY & JACKSON (Me. Van Vooest's Successobs), 




MARCH 1st, 1905, at 8 p.m. 


(1) " Dosoriptioas of some new spsoies of Diaraal Lrpiiopterx collected by Mr. 

Harold Cookson in Northern Rhodesia in 1903-'4 :" by Harbjrt Di-uce, 
F.L.S. ; Lycsenidse and Hesperidae by Hamilton H. Drace, P.Z.S. 

(2) " Three remarkable new genera of Micro-Lepidoptera :" by Sir George Hampson , 

Bart., B.A. 

(3) " Butterfly Collecting in Canada" (with exhibition of specimens) : by Mrs. 

Nicholl, F.E.8. 


From this date the First Series of this Magazine (18 S4— 1889) caa 
be obtained only in complete Volumes, bound or unbound. 

A limited number of sets, from Vol. x to Vol. xxv inclusive, are 
offered at the reduced price of £2 15s. per set net (in parts), or of five 
consecutive Vols, at £1 per set net (if bound, Is. per Vol. extra). 

Owing to inequality in stock, certain of the Vols, i to ix can be had 
separately at 10s. each. 

The Editors will pay 2s. each for clean copies of Nos. 7, 9, 20, 
and 21 of the First Series. 

Apply to the Publishers. 

Mai/ 29th, 1893. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 123. 6d. 

Lowest charge, Ss. 6d. up to 5 lines; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 



" Nature " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent scientific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works; Correspondence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication among men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstraicts of the more 
vraluable papers which appear in foreiga journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


fTo all placet Abroad J. £ s. d. 
Yearly 110 6 

Half- Yearly , 15 6 

Quarterly ... .« ... 8 

Money Orders to be made payable to MACMILLAN' and CO., Ltd. 
Office: St. Blartin's Street, London, W.C. 

£ s. d. 


... 18 


14 6 


... 7 6 


A very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do, do. do. India, &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c. ........ 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly oa hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Xlie Practical Scientific Cabinet ]TIakei*i». 


(Established 1847), 

IJlnkcvs of ebcru Scscriptioii an5 ^i^c of Cabinets, dfases, ^tore 
Igo^cs. Apparatus, anb gpijUauces, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' "Eg^s and Skins. The Drawers 

graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 

If^" All Goods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDINa HOUSE STREET and OGLE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddeesfield ; 





This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Peiiodicals in the British Isles, dating 

lacli to 1833, and is circulated uidely amongst the principal l)laturaUsts oj the country. 

London : A. Bbotvn and Sons, 5, Fakeingdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free j through Booksellers, 6s. Net 

Now Rkady. 


An account of the Indigeaous Bugs and Frog-hoppers of the County. 


Demy 8vo, 44 pp. and enlarged Map. Price, 3s. net; Post free, 3s. 2d. 
By the same author, and uniform with the above, 


A fully Annotated Catalogue of 1703 spp., with sketch of geology, flora, &c. 
Price, 3s. 6d. net ; Post free, 3s. 9d. 


A fully Annotated Catalogue of 282 spp. (out of 374 in Britain), with Preface, &c^ 

Price, 2s. 6d. net ; Post free, 2s. 8d. 

To be obtained from the Author at the Hill House, Monks' Soham, Suffolk. 


Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/- ; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10 ; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6 ; Breeding Cages, 2/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, 2/- ; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/- ; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 

Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Stee'l 
Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 

Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each; Botanical Vascu- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to our New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, aud is light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to carry in small compass. A very compact pattern, efl'ecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PRICES— with two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 
Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and J ag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

Jt large stock of British, European, and Exotic l>epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and Birds' Eggs. 

EnsrTonycoi_.oa-io.A.iLj fiists. 

The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths oflf street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 3s. 6d. 



36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

LO^r D o Tsr. 

Birds and Mammals, ^c, Preserved Sf Mounted by Urst-class workmen . 
Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to any address on application 


List of British Dolichopodidse, with tables and notes (continued). — 6. E. 

Verrall, F.E.S 53 

Two additional British species of the Dipterous genus Erigone, Rob. Desv. — 

Ernest E. Austen 57 

Notes on Stephanocircus dasynri, Skuse, and Stephanocircus simsoni, sp. nov. 

(with a Plate).— Hon. N. Charles Rothschild, M.A., F.L.S 60 

Three new British sawflies.— Rev. F. D. Morice, M.A., F.E.S 63 

Urostylis instructivus, a new species of the family Urostylidse. — Prof. 0. M. 

Renter 64 

Malachius spinosus, Er., an addition to the British list. — 0. C. Champion, F.Z.S. 66 
Some notes on the British form of Hydroporus bilineatns, Sturm. — A. J. 

cutty, M.A., F.E.S 66 

Casual captures of Coleoptera in 1904.— iS. C. Bedwell, F.E.S 67 

Strangalia aurulenta, Fab., in Devonshire. — H. Q. Attlee 69 

Tetropium castanenm, L., at Esher. — 0. E. Bryant 69 

Silvanus mercator, Fauv., at Merton, Surrey. — E. A. Newhery 69 

Ceuthorrhynchus cochleariae, Gyll., with six-jointed funiculus. — Id 69 

Notes on Lepidoptera observed at Mortehoe, North Devon, in 1904, — G. B. 

Longstaff, M.D., F.E.S 69 

Remarkable larval case of Coleophora lixella, Z. — Eustace R. Bankes, M.A., 

F.E.S 7a 

Two pupsB of Aplecta nebulosa, Hnfn., in the same cocoon. — Id 71 

Notes on some Diptera from the New Foreat, 1904. — E. W. Andrews .. 71 

Rare Diptera in 1903.— Id 72 

Note on a Tachinid. — Colhran J. Wainwright, F.E.S 72 

Review.— Practical Hints for the Field Lepidopterist, Part III: by J. W. 

Tutt, F.E.S 73 

Obituary. — Professor Friedrich Moritz Brauer, Hon. F.E.S 73 

Societies. — South London Entomological Society 74 

Entomological Society of London 76 

TUESDAY, MARCH 14th, & WEDNESDAY, MARCH 15th, at One o'clock, 

IvrE. J. C. STEVENS will offer at his Eooms, 38, King Street, 
^-'- Covent Garden, London, W.G., the first portion (unless previously disposed 
of by private treaty) of the unrivalled Collection of British Lepidoptera formed 
by the late Philip B. Mason, Esq., M.R.C.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S., F.E.S., &c., of Trent 
House, Burton-on-Trent, comprising long and superb series of most of the rare 
and extinct species, fine varieties and local forms in the best state of preservation, 
also many valuable and historic specimens and types from the Haworth and other 
Collections, together with the first rate Stand ish and other Cabinets in which 
they are contained. 

On view the Monday prior and Morning of Sale. Catalogues ready a week prior 
to Sale, post free on application. 

Just Published, Royal 8vo. 

A Complete CATALOGUE of the HISTERID^, 

With Synonymy, 1758-1904, containing References to 
ABOUT 2320 Species. 


London: TAYLOR and FRANCIS. 

Session 1905—1906 :— Wednesdays March 1st and 15th, April 5th, May 
3rd, June 7th, October 4th and 18th, November 1st and 15th, December 
6th, 1905; and Annual Meeting, January 17th, 1906. 

Second Series, No . 184.] . -d-dtt i on^ 
[No. 491.] APEIL, 1905. 

[Peice 6d. 







W. W. EOWLEE, M.A., F.L.S. J. J. WALKEE, E.N., E.L.S. 


[vol.. XLl.] 

"J'engage done tous k eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalit^, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Lahoulhene. 


GUENEY & JACKSON (Me. Van Vooest's Successoes), 




Rhopa>10Cera Sxotica, Coloured lUustritioQS of New and Rare Species of 
Foreign Butterflies, by H. Grosk-Smith, F.E.S., F.Z.S., and W. F. Kirby, 
F.L.8., F.E.S. 

Vols. I, II and III, each containing 60 plates, 4to, half-bound morocco, gilt top, 

per set, net £25 4s. 

British Plies, Platypezidee, PipuncuUdae and Syrphidse of Great Britain, by G. H. 
Verrall (President of the Bntooaological Society of London), with portrait of 
Dr. Meigen and 458 drawings by J. E. Collin, F.E.S. 691 pp., with a Catalogue 
of the same Families of the European District, with references and synonymy 

121 pp. The two works in one Vol. royal 8vo. net £1 lls. 6d 

The Catalogue separately, sewn, net...5s. 

Manual of British Butterflies and Moths, by l[. T. Stainton, 

F.R.S., F.Z.S., &c. 2 Vols., with over 200 wood engravings, sold separately. 

Vol. i...4s. 6d. Vol. II ..5s. 6d. 

Farm Insects, by John Curtis, F.L.S. 16 large plates, containing many finely 
coloured figures and numerous woodcuts. Super-royal 8 vo £\ Is. 

Guide to Butterflies. — The Lepidopterist's Guide, by H. G. Knaggs, 
M.D., F.L.S. 3rd Edition, with numerous woodcuts and additions, post 8vo, bds. 

net Is. 

Complete Catalogue will be sent on application. 

GURNEY & JACKSON, 10, Paternoster Row, London, E.G. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 12s. 6d. 

Lowest charge, 3s. 6d. up to 5 lines; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 



" Nature " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent scientific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspondence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication araon^ men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


yearly ... 



£ s. d. 

(To all placet Abroad J 



14 6 


7 6 


£ «. d. 

1 10 6 

15 6 


Ittoney Orders to be made payable to MACMIIjIjAI!^ and CO., Iitd. 
Offlee: St. ICartin's Street, liondon, W.C. 


A very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Goleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa ,.. 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India, &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Xlie Practical Scientific Cabinet Makers. 


(Established 1847), 

glakers of cbeq icscription aub ^i^e of Cabinets, djases, ^tore 
go^fs, gppantus, anb ipliauces, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologists, &c.| 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 

graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 


U^" All Qoods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, MDim HOITSE STEEET and O&LE STREET, ¥. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddeksfibld; 

■with the assistance as referees in special departments of 

This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Periodicals in the British Isles, dating 
hack to 1833, and is circulated uidely amongst the j^rincvpal Naturalists oj the country. 

London : A. Bbown and Sons, 5, Fabringdon Avenue, E.C. 

Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free ; through Booksellers, 6s. Net 


8s. 6d. net. 

1892. £2 2s. net. 

NEUROPTERA ODONATA, 1890. i6s. net. 



WhTKlUB & QOHCASTBB, Satmialists, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/- ; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6 ; Breeding Cages, 2/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, 2/- ; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/- ; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6 ; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 
Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Steel 

Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 
Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each; Botanical Vasca- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets, 
We beg to call your attention to our New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, aud is light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to earry in small compass. A very compacc pattern, effecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PRICES— with two joints, 8/6 ; with^three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 
Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

Jt large stock of British, European, and Exotic J^epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and lairds' Eggs. 


The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 33. 6d. 



36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

L O ^^ ]D O T^. 

Birds and Mammals, ^c, Preserved ^ Mounted by fi/rst-class workmen . 
Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to any address on application 


Life-History of, and Notes on, Leuoania favicolor, Barrett. — Oervase F. Mathew, 

R.N.,F.L.S., F.E.S 77 

Qnediua xanthopus, Er., at Sherwood. — J. Kidson Taylor 80 

List of British Dolichopodidae, with tables and notes (continued). — G. H. 

Verrall, F.E.S 81 

Descriptions of five new Dermaptera. — Malcolm Bttrr, B.A., F.L.S 84 

Triplax bicolor, Gyll., a species of Coleoptera new to the British Catalogue. — 

Richard S. Bagnall, F.E.S 86 

Amara anthobia. Villa, a British insect.— TT. E. Sharp, F.E.S 87 

Malachius spinosus, Er., in Sheppey : a correction. — 0. C. Chanvpion, F.Z.8.... 88 

Ectropis (Tephrosis) consonaria, Hb., ab. nigra, nov. ab. — Eustace R. Bankes, 

M.A., F.E.S 89 

The genus Aphodius, 111., in the Isle of Man. — ,7. Harold Bailey, M.D 90 

Note on Ocynsa manra, Er., and O. picina, Auhe.—A. J. Chitty, M.A., F.E.S.... 91 

Gyrophaena pulchella, Heer, in Scotland. — Id 92 

Longitarsns curtns, AH,, in Kent. — Id 92 

Neoclytus erythrocephalus, F., in Lancashire. — fV. E. Sharp, F.E.S 92 

Anisotoma furva, Er., at Skegness. — E. W. Morse 93 

Ptinus pilosns, Boield. : Synonymic note. — E. A. Newhcry 93 

Diptera in the New Forest. — Rev. E. N. Bloomfield, M.A., F.E.S 93 

Ehamphomyia tenuirostris, Fall., taken in the New Forest. — F. C. Adams, F.Z.S. 94 

Dr. Reuter on the Urostylinae. — PF. L. Distant, F.L.S 94 

Obituary. — Alfred Beaumont 95 

Frederick 0. Pickard-Cambridge 97 

Rev. Francis Walker, D.D 97 

Societies. — South London Entomological Society 98 

Entomological Society of London 98 

Some observations on Hastula hyerana, Mill, (with Plate). — T. A. Chapman, 

M.D., F.Z.S 100 


-^ in their new Price List, No. XL VIII for 1905, offer more than 16,000 species 
of well-named LEPIDOPTEHA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition; 1400 kinds of PREPARED LARV^ ; numerous LIVING 
PUP^, &c. Separate Price Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYMEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 
(1100), NEUROPTEllA (600), BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS (265). 


Now ready, Royal 8vo, Price 5s. net. 

A Complete CATALOGUE of the HISTERIDiE, 

With Synonymy, 1758-1904, containing References to 2306 Species. 


London: TAYLOR and FRANCIS. 

Session 1905— 1906: — Wednesdays, April 5th, May 3rd, June 7th, 
October 4th and 18th, November 1st and 15th, December 6th, 1905 ; and 
Annual Meeting, January 17th, 1906. 



Second Series, No. 185.] ^,y ,„.- 
[No. 492.] ^^^' -^^^^■ 

[Peice 6d. 






W. W. FOWLEE, M.A., F.L.S. J. J. WALKEE, E.N., F.L.S. 


[VOL. XLI.] 

"J'engage done tous k eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Lahoulhene. 


GUENET & JACKSON (Me. Van VocJ^st's SiDCCE^oE^5 




From this date the First Series of this Magazine (1864—1889) can 
be obtained only in complete Volumes, bound or unbound. 

A limited number of sets, from Vol. x to Vol. xxv inclusive, are 
offered at the reduced price of £2 15s. per set net (in parts), or of five 
consecutive Vols, at £1 per set net (if bound, Is. per Vol. extra). 

Owing to inequality in stock, certain of the Vols, i to ix can be had 
separately at 10s. each. 

The Editors will pay 2s. each for clean copies of Nos. 7, 9, 20, 
and 21 of the First Series. 

Apply to the Publishers. 

May 29th, 1893. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8vo, with 59 plates engraved on copper 
from the author's d/rawings : 


F.R.S., F.L.S., &o. Price, £3 10s. 

First Additional Supplement (with 7 plates), Price, Ss. 

London : Gueney & Jackson, 1, Paternoster Row, E.G. 
Berlin : Friedlander und Sohn, 11, Carlstrasse. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 is. Quarter Page 123. 6d. 

Lowest charge, 3s. 6d. up to 5 lines; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for liists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 




" Nature " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent scientific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspondence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication among men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


f To all placet AbroadJ. £ «. d. 

Yearly 110 6 

Half- Yearly 15 6 

Quarterly ... 8 

£ *. d. 

Yearly 18 

Half- Yearly O 14 6 

Quarterly 7 6 

l^oaey Orders to be made payable to MACMIIjIjAN and CO.i Iitd- 
Office: St. Martin's Street. Iiondon, W.C. 


A very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are oflFered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India. &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Xlie Practical Scientific Cabinet Makers. 


(Established 1847), 

'glahcrs of chTg icscnjjtion anb ^\iz of Cabinets, (leases, ^tore 
io^cs, Apparatus, aub Appliances, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornlthologi&ts. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 

graduate in depth, and are oil interchangeable. 


$^' All Goods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDINa HOTISE STREET and O&LE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddeesfield ; 





This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Periodicals in the British Isles, dating 
hack to 1833, and is circulated widely amongst the princijpal I>> aturalists oj the country. 

London : A. Bbown and Sons, 5, Faeringdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free ; through Booksellers, 6s. Net 


MAY 3rd, 1905, at 8 p.m. 


*' The Structure and Life-History of Psychoda sexpunrtata, Curtis :" by John A. 
Dell, B.Sc. (Communicated by Prof. L. C. Miall, F.R.S., F.E.S.). 


in their new Price List, No. XLVIII for 1905, offer more than 16,000 species 
of well-named LEPIDOPTEKA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition; 1400 kinds of PREPARED LARV^ ; numerous LIVING 
PUP^, &c. Separate Price Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYMEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 


WATKIHS & QOBCASTEH, iatuiiallsts, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/- ; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6; Breeding Cages, 2/6,4/-, 5/-, 7/6; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, 2/-; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/- ; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from ]/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6 ; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 

Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9; Steel 
Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 

Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascu- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 
We beg to call your attention to oar New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, and ia light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to earry in small compass. A very compact pattern, effecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PRICES— with two joints, 8/6 ; with^three joints, 9/6 ; witli four joints, 10/6. 

Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and ag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

^ large stock of British, European, and Exotic J*epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and J^irds' Eggs. 


The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without olimbing the lamp posts), 33. 6d. 



36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

lu O N.ID O TST. 

Birds and Mammals, Sfc, Preserved !Sf Mounted by Arst-class workmen . 
Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to any address on applksation 


Some observations on Hasfcula hyeraua, Mill, [with Plate], (continued). — 

T. A. Chapman, M.D.,F.Z.S 100 

Life-History of, and Notes on, Leucania favicolor, Barrett (continued). — Gervase 

F.Mathew, R.N., F.L.8., F.E.8 104 

List of British Dolichopodidae, with tables and notes (continued). — G. H. 

Verrall, F.E.S 108 

On the scents of the males of some common English Butterflies. — G. B. Long- 
staff, M.D., F.E.S 112 

On Orchestes sparsus, Fahr., as a British insect.— fi. A. Newbery 115 

The late Mr, C. G. Barrett's " Lepidoptera of the British Islands." — C. G. 

Barrett, Jun 117 

Amara anthobia, Villa, at Chatham. — Prof. T. Hudson Beare, B.Sc, P.B.S.E.... 117 

Lepidoptera in Hertfordshire. — A. E. Gibbs 117 

Captures of Hymenoptera Aculeata during 1904. — P. H. Harwood 117 

Larvae of the Stratiomyiidse : an appeal. — D. Sharp, M A., F.H.S 118 

How insects fade. — Claude Morley, F.E.S 118 

Obituary. — Alexander Fry 119 

Henry L. P. de Saussure 119 

Reviews.— The Hemiptera of Suffolk : by Claude Morley, F.E.S 120 

A Monograph of the Anopheles Mosquitoes of India : by S. P. 

James, M.B., I.M.S., and W. Glen Listen, M.D., LM.S 122 

Societies. — South London Entomological Society 122 

Entomological Society of London 123 

Algerian Micro-Lepidoptera (continued). — Rt. Hon. Lord Walsingham, M.A., 

LL.D., F.R.S 124 

TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY, MAY 16th and 17th, at One o'clock. 

jyiR. J. C. STEVENS will offer at his Eooms, 38, King Street, 
Covent Garden, London, W.C., the second portion of the unrivalled Collection 
OF British Lepidoptera formed by the late Philip B. Mason, M.R.C.S., F.C.S., 
F.Z.S., F.E.S., &c., of Trent House, Burton-on-Trent, comprising long and superb 
Series of most of the rare and extinct species, fine varieties and local forms in the 
best state of preservation, also many valuable and historic specimens and types 
from the Haworth and other Collections, together with the first rate Standish and 
other Cabinets in which they are arranged. 

On View the Monday prior and Mornings of Sale. Catalogues ready a week prior 
to Sale, post free on application. 

Now ready, Royal 8vo, Price 5s. net. 

A Complete CATALOGUE of the HISTERIDiE, 

With Synonymy, 1758-1904, containing Referknces to 2306 Species. 


London: TAYLOB and FBANCIS. 

Session 1905-1906:— Wednesdays, May 3rd, June 7th, October 4th 
and 18th, November 1st and 15th, December 6th, 1905; and Annual 
Meeting, January 17th, 1906. 

Second Series, No. 186.] tttxtt? ioak 
[No. 493.] JiJ^-t^, 1J05. 

[Peice 6c?. 






W. W. EOWLEE, M.A., E.L.S. J. J. WALKEE, E.N., F.L.S. 


[VOL. XLI.] 

*' J' engage done tous a eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Lahoulhene. 


GUENET & JACKSON (Me. Van Vooest's Successoes), 





From this date the First Series of this Maa^azine (1334-1889) can 
be obtained only in complete Volames, baaad or uabound. 

A limited number of sets, from Vol. x ta Vol. x^v iaclasive, are 
offered at the reduced price of £2 15s. per set net (ia parts), or of five 
consecutive Vols, at £1 per set net (if bDund, h. per Vol. extra). 

Owing to inequality in stock, certain of the Vols, i to ix can be had 
separately at 10s. each. 

The Editors will pay 2s. each for clean copies of Nos. 7, 9, 20, 
and 21 of the First Series. 

Apply to the Publishers. 

May 29th, 1893. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8vo, with 59 plates engraved on copper 
from the author's drawings : 

F.R.S., F.L.S., &o. Price, £3 10s. 

First Additional Supplement (with 7 plates), Price, 8s. 

London : Gurney & Jackson, 1, Paternoster Row, E.C, 
Berlin r Priedlander und Sohn, 11, Carlstrasse. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 12s. 6d. 

Lowest charge, Ss. 6d. up to 5 lines; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 




" Nature " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent sciontific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspoaience Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication amon^ men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


(To all places Abroad). & s. d. 

Yearly 1 10 6 

Half- Yearly 15 6 

Quarterly 8 

£ J!, d. 

yearly 18 

Half. Yearly 14 6 

Quarterly 7 6 

Money Orders to be made payable to MACMILLAN' and CO., Ltd. 
Office: St. Martin's Street, London, W.C. 


A very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India, &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

CKeap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Tlie Practical Scientific Cabinet Makersi. 


(Established 1847), 

glakcrs of cbcrg icscriptiou anb ^i^e of Cabinets, (leases, <^tore 
'^m%, gparatus, anb Ipliances, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 

graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 


(8^° All Goods at Store Prices. Oreat advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 

Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDIN& HOTJSE STEEET and 0(JLE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddeesfield; 





This Journal is one of the oldest Scientifc Periodicals in the British Isles, dating 
hack to 1833, and is circvlated uidely amongst the jprinci^-al Naturalists oj the country. 

London : A. Bbown and Sons, 5, Farkingdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free; through Booksellers, 6s. Net 

Session 1905-1906:— Wednesdays, June 7th. October 4th and 18th, 
November 1st and 15th, December 6th, 1905; and Annual Meeti n g, 
January 17th, 1903. 


■^-^ in their new Price List, No. XLVIII for 1905, offer more than 10,000 species 
of well-named LEl'IDOPTEKA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition; 1400 kinds of PREPARED LARV^ ; numerous LIVING 
PUP^, &c. Separate Price Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYMEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 
(1100), NEUROPTBllA (600), BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS (265). 


WATKIHS & DOHCASTEB, iatmiallsts, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/- ; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6 ; Breeding Cages, 2/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, 2/- ; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin ; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6. 14/-; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d., I/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 

Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Stee"! 
Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, fi-om 1/- to 8/-. 

Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascu- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6; Label List of British Macro- Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to our New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, and is light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to carry in small compass. A very compact pattern, effecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PRICES— with two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 
Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

^ large stock of British, European, and Exotic J»epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and Birds' Eggs. 

E:NrTonvnoi_iOa-io.^^L ipin^^fs. 

The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 3s. 6d. 


36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

L O J^ ]D o Tsr. 

Birds and Mammals, Sfc, Preserved ^ Mounted hyijirst-class workmen. 
Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to any address on application 


Algerian Micro-Lepidoptera [continued). — Rt. Hon. Lord iValsingham, M.A., 

LL.D., F.H.S 125 

Some observ9tions on Hastula hyeraua, Mill, [with two Plates], {continued). — 

T. A. Chapman, M.D.,F.Z.S 129 

Life-History of, and Notes on, Leucania favicolor, Barrett (concluded). — Gervase 

F.Mat'heiv, R.N., F.L.S., F.E.S 132 

Triplax bicolor, Gyll., a species of Coleoptera new to the British Catalogue 

(concluded). — Richard S. Bagnall, F.E.S 135 

Medon castaneus, Grav., near Oxford. — James J. Wallcer, R.N., F.L.S 138 

Hydrobius fuscipes, L., var. seneus, Sol. — Id 138 

Notes on Diptera in the New Forest, li)04:. — Fred. C. Adams, F Z S 138 

Occurrence of Pulex cheopis, Rothsch., at Plymouth. — Hon. N. Charles Roth- 
schild, M.A., F.L.9 139 

Pulex cheopis, Hothsch., in England. — Lt.-Col. 0. M. Giles, I.M.S 139 

Review. — Queen-Rearing in England, with Notes on a Scent-producing Organ 
in the Worker-Bee. The Honey-Bees of India and Enemies of the 

Honey-Bee in South Africa : by F. W. L. Sladeu, F.E.S 140 

Societies. — Birmingham Entomological Society 141 

Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society 142 

South London Entomological Society 143 

Entomological Society of London 145 

Odonata collected by Miss Margaret E. Fountaine in Algeria, with description 

of anew species of Ischnura. — Kenneth J. Morton, F E.S 145 


RhopalOCera Exotica, Coloured illustrations of New and Rare Species of 
Foreign Butterflies, by H. Grose-Smith, F.E.S., F.Z.S., and W. F. Kirby, 
F.L.S. , F.E.S. 

Vols. I, II and III, each containing 60 plates, 4to, half-bound morocco, gilt top, 

per set, net... £25 4s. 

British. Flies, Platypezldse, Pipunculidse and Syrphidse of Great Britain, by G. H. 
Verrall (President of the Entomological Society of London), with portrait of 
Dr. Meigen and 458 drawings by J. E. Collin, F.E.S. 691 pp , with a Catalogue 
of the same Families of the European District, with references and synonymy 
121 pp. The two works in one Vol. royal 8v(i. net ... £\ Us. 6cl 

The Catalogue separately, sewn, net...5s. 

Manual of British Butterflies and Moths, by IL T. Stmnton, 

F.R.S., F.Z.S., &c. 2 Vols., with over 200 wood engravings, sold separately. 

Vol. 1 . 4s. 6d. ^ Vol. II 5s. 6d. 

Farm Insects, by John Curtis, F.L.S. 16 large plates, containing many finely 
coloured figures and numerous woodcuts. Super-royal 8vo £]. Is. 

Guide to Butterflies. — The Lepidopterist's Guide, by H. G. Knaggs, 
M.D., F.L.S. 3rd Edition, with numerous woodcuts and additions^ post 8vo, bds. 

net Is. 

Complete Catalogue will be sent on application. 

GURNEY & JACKSON, 10, Paternoster Row, London, E.G. 

Now ready. Royal 8vo, Price bs. net. 

A Complete CATALOGUE of the HISTERIDiE, 

With Synonymy, 1758-1904, containing References to 2306 Species. 



Second Series, No. 187.] ttttv ioak it> oj 

[No. 494.^ JULY, 1905. [Peice 6d. 






W. W. EOWLER, M.A., P.L.S. J. J. WALKEE, E.N., F.L.S. 


[vol.. XLI.] 

"J'engage done tous a eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Laboulhinc. 


GUENET & JACKSON (Me. Van Vooest's 




From this date the First Series of this Magazine (1834-1889) caa 
be obtained only in complete Volames, bound or unbound. 

A limited number of sets, from Vol. x to Vol. xsv inclusive, are 
offered at the reduced price of £2 15s. per set net (in parts), or of five 
consecutive Vols, at £1 per set net (if bound, Is. per Vol. extra). 

Owing to inequality in stock, certain of the Vols, i to ix can be had 
separately at lOs. each. 

The Editors will pay 2s. each for clean copies of Nos. 7, 9, 20, 
and 21 of the First Series. 

Apply to the Publishers. 

May 2Qth, 1893. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8uo, with 59 plates engraved on copper 
from the author's drawings : 


F.R.S., F.L.S., &o. Price, £3 10s. 

First Additional Supplement (with 7 plates), Price, 8s. 

London : Gurney & Jackson, 1, Paternoster Row, E.G. 
Berlin ; Friedlander und Sohn, 11, Carlstrasse. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 123. 6d. 

Lowest charge, 3s. 6d. up to 5 lines ; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 




" Nature " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent soiontifio writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspondence Golumns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication amon^ men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


£ *. d. 
STearly 18 

Half-yearly 14 6 

Quarterly 7 6 

(To all places Abroad J. £ s. d. 

Yearly 1 10 6 

Half- Yearly , 15 6 

Quarterly 8 

Money Orders to be made payable to MACMILLACf and CO., Ltd. 
Office: St. Martin's Street, London, W.C. 


A very large stock of JExotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India, &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Xlie Practical Scientific Ca1»inet Iflakers. 


(Established 1847), 

^ahers of fJjerg it^saiptioii anb ^x^t of Cabinets, dfases, ^tore 
iom, gpprattis, anb Appliances, . 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologists, &c.t 

and for the use of Iiecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 

graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 


9^" All Goods at Store Prices. Oreat advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDINa HOUSE STREET and O&LE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddeesfield ; 





This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Periodicals in the British Isles, dating 
lacTc to 1833, and is circulated uidely amongst the ^principal Naturalists oj the country, 

London: A. Bbotvn and Sons, 5, Faeringdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free ;' through Booksellers, 6s. Net 



Rev. H. S. GoRHAy, /row "The Chestnuts," Shirley Warren, Southampton, to 
Highcroft, Graham Road, Great Malvern. 

Session 1905 -1906 :-Wednesdays, October 4th and 18th, November 
1st and 15th, December 6th, 1905 ; and Annual Meeting, January 
17th, 1903. 


in their new Price List, No. XLVIII for 1905, oflFer more than 16,000 species 
of well-named LEPIDOPTERA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition; 1400 kinds of PREPARED LARV.^ ; numerous LIVING 
PUPiE, &c. Separate Price Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYMEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 


WATKmS & DOHCASTER, gatmialists, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/- ; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6; Breeding Cages, 2/6,4/-, 5/-, 7/6; Sugaring Tins. 1/6, 2/-; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/- ; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing i5oxes, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6 ; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 

Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Steel 
Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 

Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascu- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to our New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, and is light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to carry in small compass. A very compact pattern, effecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PRICES— -with two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 

Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

^ large stock of British, European, and Exotic I»epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and lairds' Eggs. 

B:N"To:yLOLoa-iG.A_i_. p^iins. 

The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 3s. 6d. 



36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

L o N^ D o isr. 

Birds and Mammals, ^c. Preserved ^Mounted by'^iirst-class workmen. 
Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to any addraas on application 


Odonata collected by Miss Margaret E. "Fountaine in Algeria, with description 

of a new species of Ischnura (concluded). — Kenneth J. Morton, F.E.S 149 

Some observations on Hastula hyerana, Mill, [with three Plates], (concluded). — 

T. A. Chapman, M.D., F.Z.S 149 

On the movements of the " Jumping Bean." — David Rollo 15S 

Gnoriraus nobilis, L., at Woolwich. — E. C. Bedwell, F.E.S 159 

Capture of Pselaphus dresdensis, Herbst, near London. — 6. E. Bryant 159 

Further notes on the capture of Araara anthobia, Villa, and the comparative 

morphology of A. familiaris, A. anthobia, and A. Incida. — Rev. Geo. A. 

Crawshay, M.A 159 

Acrognathus mandibularis, Gyll., &c., near Woking. — G. C. Champion, F.Z.S .. 161 

Scymnus lividus, Bold, a synonym of S. testaceus. Mots. — E. A. Newhery 162 

Epursea longula, Er., and other Nitidulidse in the Derwent Valley. — Richard 8. 

Bagnall, F.E.S 162 

Diptera in Scotland — A. E. .7. Carter 163 

Societies. — Birmingham Entomological Society 164 

Lancashire and Cheshire Entomological Society 165 

South London Entomological Society 166 

List of British Dolichopodidae, with tables and notes (continued). — G. H. 

Verrall, F.E.S '. 167 


Rhopalocera Sxotica, Coloured Illustrations of New and Rare Species of 
Foreign Butterflies, by H. Grose-Smith, F.E.S., F.Z.S., and W. F. Kirby, 
F.L.S., F.E.S. 

Vols. I, II and III, each containing 60 plates, 4to, half-bound morocco, gilt top, 

per set, net... . £25 4s. 

British Flies, Platypezidse, Pipunculidse and Syrphidse of Great Britain, by G. H. 
Verrall (President of the Entomological Society of London), with portrait of 
Dr. Meigen and 458 drawings by J. E. Collin, F.E.S, 691 pp., with a Catalogue 
of the same Families of the European District, with references and synonymy 

121 pp. The two works in one Vol. royal 8vo. net Jgl Us. 6d 

The Catalogue separately, sewn, net...5s. 

Manual of British Butterflies and Moths, by ir. T. Stainton, 

F.R.S., F.Z.S.. &c. 2 Vols., with over 200 wood engravings, sold separately. 

Vol. 1 4s. 6d. Vol. II . 5s. 6d. 

Farm Insects, by John Curtis, F.L.S. 16 large plates, containing many finely 
coloured figures and numerous woodcuts. Super-royal 8vo £1 Is. 

Guide to Butterflies. — The Lepidopterist's Guide, by H. G. Knagqs, 
M.D., F.L.S. 3rd Edition, with numerous woodcuts and additions^ post 8vo, bds. 

net Is. 

Complete Catalogue will be sent on application. 

GURNEY & JACKSON, 10, Paternoster Row, London, E.G. 

Now ready, Royal 8vo, Price 5s. net. 

A Complete CATALOGUE of the HISTERID^, 

With Synonymy, 1758-1904, containing Referknces to 2306 Species. 



Second Series. No. 188.] AUGUST, 1906. 

[Peice 6d. 




W. W. iOWLEE, M.A., F.L.S. 
J. J. WALKEE, M.A., E.N., F.L.S. 


[vol.. XLl.] 

"J'engage done tous k eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Lahoulhene. 


GUENET & JACKSON (Me. Van Vooest's SuqicE^Es), 





From this date the First Series of this Migaziae (1834-1889) can 
be obtained only in complete Volames, baund or unbound. 

A limited number of sets, from Vol. x to Vol. xxv inclusive, are 
offered at the reduced price of £2 15s. per set net (in parts), or of five 
consecutive Vols, at £1 per set net (if bDund, I5. per Vol. extra). 

Owing to inequality in stock, certain of the Vols, i to ix can be had 
separately at lOs. each. 

The Editors will pay 2s. each for clean copies of Nos. 7, 9, 20, 
and 21 of the First Series. 

Apply to the Publishers. 

May lUh, 1893. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8vo, with 59 plates engraved on copper 
from the author's drawings : 

F.R.S., P.L.S., &r,. Price, £3 10s. 

First Additional Supplement (with 7 plates), Price, Ss. 

London : Gurney & Jackson, 1, Paternoster Row, E.C, 
Berlin : Friedlander und SoHX, 11, Carlstrasse. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

AVhole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 12s. 6d. 

Lowest charge, 3s. 6d. up to 5 lines; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 



*' Nature" contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent scientific writers of the day. It also 
oontains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspondence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discassion and of intercommanication among men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 



£ s. d. 

14 6 

7 6 

fTo all placet Abroad). 


Half- Yearly 


£ s. 
1 10 






Half- Yearly 


M.oney Orders to be made payable to MACMILLAN and CO., Ltd. 
Office: St. Martin's Street, London, W.C. 


A very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

. insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered, at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India, &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Tlie Practical Scientific Cabinet Iflakers. 


(Established 1847), 

glahers of eberg fescnption anb- ^i^e of (!Iabiiuts, abases, ^tou 
ioKS, gjjparatus, anb Ipliaiues, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 

graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 

(^° All Ooods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDING HOUSE STREET and O&LE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddeesjield; 





This Jouival is oiie of the oldest Scientifc Pe^icdicaJs in the British Isles, dating 
lack to ]&33, and is circvlatid uidely omcngst the princij^al Katvrahits of the country. 

London: A. Bboivn and Sons, 5, Farkingdon Avenue, E.C. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free ; through £ooksellerB, 6b. Net 


Rev. A. E. Eaton, /rom Woodlands, Seaton, Devon, to " Pentlands," Mill Road, 
Worthing, Susses. 

Session 1905-1906:— Wednesdays, October 4th and 18th, November 
1st and 15th, December 6lh, 1905 ; and Annual Meeting, January 
17th, 1903. 


-'-'^ in their new Price List, No. XLVIII for 1905, offer more than 16,000 species 
of well-named LEPIDOFTERA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition; 1400 kinds of PREPARED LARV^ ; numerous LIVING 
PUP^, &c. Separate Prico Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYMEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 
(1100), NEUROPTBllA (600), BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS (265). 


WATKmS & QOHCASTEB, gatmialists, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/-; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6 ; Breeding Cages, 2/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, 2/- ; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, ] 4/- ; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 

Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Stee"! 
Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 

Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascu- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to oar New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, and is light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
Co earry in small compass. A very compact pattern, effecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PRICES— witli two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 

Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

|t large stock of British, European, and Exotic J»epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and Birds' Eggs. 

EiNTOMiOLOOio^^L. :piisrs. 

The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 3s. 6d. 


36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

LO J^ r) o isr. 

Birds and Mammals, SCc, Preserved Sf Mounted by first-class workmen. 
Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to any address on application 


On the terminology of the leg-bristles of Diptera. — Percy H. Grimshaw, F.E.S. 173 
The European species of the genus Triplax, with some notes on the species 
which occur in Great Britain, and a table of their distinctive characters. — 

Prof. T. Hudson Beare, B.Sc., F.R.S.E 176 

Description of a new species of Ocladius from Ferim. — MaZcoJm Cameron, M.B., 

R.N., F.E.S 179 

Lymexylon navale, Linn., in the New Forest.-- G. C. Champion, F.Z.S 179 

Coleoptera in the Oxford District.— J. .7. Walker, M.A., R.N., F.L.S 180 

A new Geometer from Hong Kong.— G. H. Longstaff, M.D., F.R.C.P 184 

Notes on three species of Microglossa. — Norman H. Joy, M.D., F.E.S 184 

Xanthandrus comtus, Harris, occurring in May. — C. R. Billups 185 

Exotic Dermaptera wanted. — Malcolm Burr, B.A., F.L.S 185 

E.EVIEW. — Report of Work of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar 
Planters' Association, Division of Entomology. Bulletin I, pt. 1, 
Leaf Hoppers and their natural enemies (Pt. 1, Dryinidse) : by 

K. C. L. Perkins 185 

Societies. — South London Entomological Society 186 

Entomological Society of London 186 

List of British Dolichopodidae, with tables and notes (continued). — G. H. 

Verrall, F.E.S 188 


Rhopalocera Exotica, Coloured illustrations of New and Rare Species of 
Foreign Butterflies, by H. Grose-Smith, F.E.S., F.Z.S., and W. F. Kirby, 
F.L.S., F.E.S. 

Vols. I, II and III, each containing 60 plates, 4to, half-bound morocco, gilt top, 

per set, net .. £0,5 4s. 

British Flies, Platypezidte, Pipunculidae and Syrphidse of Great Britain, by G. H. 
Verrall (President of the Entomological Society of London), with portrait of 
Dr. Meigen and 458 drawings by J. E. Collin, F.E.S. G91 pp., with a Catalogue 
of the same Families of the European District, with references and synonymy 
121 pp. The two works in one Vol. royal Svo. net.. .. ^£1 Us. 6d. 

The Catalogue separately, sewn, net,..5s. 

Manual of British Butterflies and Moths, by li. T. Stainton, 

F.R.S., F.Z.S. . &c. 2 Vols., with over 200 wood engravings, sold separately. 

Vol. 1 4s. 6d. Vol. II .5s. 6d. 

Farm Insects, by John Curtis, F.L.S. 16 large plates, containing many finely 
coloured figures and numerous woodcuts. Super-royal Svo Jgl Is, 

Guide to Butterflies. — The Lepidopterist's Guide, by H. G. Knaggs, 
M.D,, F.L.S. 3rd Edition, with numerous woodcuts and additions, post 8vo, bds. 

net Is. 

Complete Catalogue will be sent on application. 

GURNEY & JACKSON, 10, Paternoster Row, London, E.G. 

Now ready. Royal Svo, Price 5s. net. 

A Complete CATALOGUE of the HISTERIDiE, 

With Synonymy, 1758-1904, containing References to 2306 Species. 



Second Series, Ho. 189.] SEPTEMBER, 1905. [Pbice Qd. 




W. W. EOWLEE, D.Sc, M.A., F.L.S. 
J. J. WALKEE, M.A., E.N., F.L.S. 


[VOL. XLl.] 

" J' engage done tons k eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Labouliene. 


GUENET & JACKSON (Mb. Van Voorst's Sfccessoes), 




From this date the First Series of this Magazine (18S4— 1889) can 
be obtained only in complete Volumes, bound or unbound. 

A limited number of sets, from Vol. x to Vol. xxv inclusive, are 
offered at the reduced price of £2 15s. per set net (in parts), or of five 
consecutive Vols, at £1 per set net (if bound, h. per Vol. extra). 

Owing to inequality in stock, certain of the Vols, i to ix can be had 
separately at 10s. each. 

The Editors will pay 2s. each for clean copies of Nos. 7, 9, 20, 
and 21 of the First Series. 

Apply to the Publishers. 

May 29th, 1893. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8vo, with 59 plates engraved on copper 
from the author's d/rawings : 

F.R.S., F.L.S., &o. Price, £3 10s. 

First Additional Supplement (with 7 plates), Price, 8s. 

London : Gurney & Jackson, 10, Paternoster Row, E.G. 
Berlin : Friedlander und Sohn, 11, Carlstrasse. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 12s. 6d. 

Lowest charge, 3s. 6d. up to 5 lines; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 



" Nature " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent scientific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspondence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication among men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


£ *. d. 
STearly 18 

Half-STearly 14 6 

Quarterly 7 6 

(To all placet Abroad J. £ s. d. 

Yearly 1 10 6 

Half- Yearly 15 6 

Quarterly ... .„ ... 8 

Money Orders to be made payable to MACMIIiIiAN^ and CO.. Ittd- 
Offlea: St. BCartin's Street, Iiondon, W.C. 


A very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India, &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Tlie Practical Scientific Cabinet Makers. 


(Established 1847), 

glahers of ckrii iescri^tion aub ^xit of Cabinets, (leases, Store 
ioKS. gp^aratus, anb IppUauc^s, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologista, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 

graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 


SJ^" All Qoods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 

Send for Full Detailed Price Liat before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDIN& HOUSE STREET and^OULE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddehsfield; 





This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Periodicals in the. British Isles, dating 

hack to 1833, and is circulated widely amongst the principal Naturalists oj tlie country, 

London: A. Bhown and Sons, 5, Fakkingdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free; through Booksellers, 6b. Net 

Session 1905-1906:— Wednesdays, October 4tli and 18th, November 
1st and 15th, December 6th, 1905 ; and Annual Meeting, January 
17th, 1906. 


-"-^ ia their new Price List, No. XLVIII for 1905, offer more than 16,000 species 
of well-named LEPIDOPTERA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition; 1400 kiads of PREPARED LPi.RYM ; numerous LIVING 
PUP^, &c. Separate Price. Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYilEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 


WATKIHS & QOHCASTEB, Jiatuiialists, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botaaists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/-; FoldingCaneor Wire,3/6, 4/-, 4/6; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxus, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10 ; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6 ; Breeding Cages, 2/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, 2/- ; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin ; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/-; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6 ; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 

Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Steert 
Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 

Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, -with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascu- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to our New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, and ia light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to carry in small compass. A very compact pattern, effecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PRICES— with two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 

Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

|t large stock of British, European, and Exotic l>epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and JSirds' Eggs. 


The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 3s. 6d. 



36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

LOI^ D o Tsr. 

Birds and Mammals, ^c, Preserved ^Mounted by iirst-class workmen. 
Oar New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to eaxj address on applioatioo 


Quedins variabilis, Heer : an addition to the British list of Coleoptera. — E. A. 

Newlery 197 

Anisotoma oblonga, Er. : synonymical notes. — O. C. Champion, F.Z.S 198 

Notes on Tachinidae, No. 1. — Colhran J. Wainwright, F.E.8 199 

Rhopalomesites tardyi, Curt., in the Isle of Man. — J. Harold Bailey, M.D 207 

Coleoptera from Berkshire. — Norman H. Joy, M.D., F.E.S 209 

Osphya bipunctata, F., near Peterborough. — Rev. Cation C. T. Cruttwell, M.A., 

F.E.S 209 

Notes on Coleoptera captured during a tour through Sutherlandshire and at 

Aviemore, Inverness-shire, in the month of June, 1905. — Id 209 

Apteropeda orbiculata, Marsh., and its food-plants. — E. A. Newhery 210 

Note on the Elater sethiops, Lac, of British collections.— 0. C. Champion, F.Z.S. 210 

Abraxas grossulariata var. varleyata at Huddersfield. — Geo. T. Porritt, P.L.S. 211 

Dichrorampha flavidorsana, Knaggs, = D. qusestionana, Zeller, at Folkestone. 

— H. Guard Knaggs, M.D 211 

Curious dates of emergence. — T. A. Chapman, M.D. , F.Z.S 211 

Formica fusca, race gagates, in the New Forest. — Q. Arnold 211 

Hymenoptera and Hemiptera in the Mendips. — Edward Saunders, F.R.S 212 

Psocidso at Woking.— Id 213 

Note on Ledra aurita.— G. C. Bignell, F.E.S 214 

On Cimbex connata, ^chr.— Claude Morley, F.E.S 214 

Obituary.— Thomas William Daltry, M.A., F.L.S 215 

Antipodean Field Notes. III. — A sketch of the Entomology of Sydney, N.S.W. 

—James J. Walker, M. A., R.N., F.L.S 216 


Rhopalocera Exotica, Coloured illustrations of New and Bare Species of 
Foreign Butterflies, by H. Grosk-Smith, F.E.S., F.Z.S., and W. F. Kirby, 
F.L.S., F.E.S. 

Vols. I, II and III, each containing 60 plates, 4to, half-bound morocco, gilt top, 

per set, net £25 4s. 

British Flies, Platypezidse, Pipunculidse and Syrphidse of Great Britain, by G. H. 
Verrall (President of the Entomological Society of London), with portrait of 
Dr. Meigen and 458 drawings by J. E. Collin, F.E.S. C91 pp., with a Catalogue 
of the same Families of the European District, with references and synonymy 
121 pp. The two works in one Vol. royal 8vo. net.. .. ^El lls. 6d 

The Catalogue separately, sewn, net...5s. 

Manual of British Butterflies and Moths, by ir. T. Stainton, 

F.R.S. , F.Z.S., &c. 2 Vols., with over 200 wood engravings, sold separately. 

Vol. 1 4s. 6d. Vol. II .5s. 6d. 

rarm Insects, by John Curtis, F.L.S. 16 large plates, containing many finely 
coloured figures and numerous woodcuts. Super-royal 8vo ■■■£1 Is. 

Guide to Butterflies.— The Lepidopterist's Guide, by H. G. Knaggs, 
M.D., F.L.S. 3rd Edition, with numerous woodcuts and additions, post &vo, bds. 

net Is. 

Complete Catalogue will be sent on application. 

GURNEY & JACKSON, 10, Paternoster Row, London, E.G. 


Second Series, No. 190.] nrTOR-R-R lonr^ ip a^ 

rjjn 4071 ULlVtihii, iy05. [Peice 6c?. 






W. W. FOWLEE, D.Sc, M.A., F.L.S. 

J. J. WALKEE, M A , E.N., E.L.S. 



[VOL. XLl.] 

"J'engage done tons a eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Laboulbene. 


GTJENET & JACKSON (Me. Van Vooest's Successoes), 




From this date the First Series of this Magazine (1864—1889) can 
be obtained only in complete Volumes, bound or unbound. 

A limited number of sets, from Vol. x to Vol. xxv inclusive, are 
offered at the reduced price of £2 15s. per set net (in parts), or of five 
consecutive Vols, at £1 per set net (if bound. Is. per Vol. extra). 

Owing to inequality in stock, certain of the Vols, i to ix can be had 
separately at lOs. each. 

The Editors will pay 2s. each for clean copies of Nos. 7, 9, 20, 
and 21 of the First Series. 

Apply to the Publishers. 

May 2Qth, 1893. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8vo, xoith 59 flates engraved on copper 
from the author's drawings : 


F.R.S., F.L.S., &o. Price, £3- 10s. 

First Additional Supplement (with 7 plates), Price, 8s. 

London : Gueney & Jackson, 10, Paternoster Row, E.G. 
Berlin ? Friedlandee und Sohn, 11, Carlstrasse. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 12s. 6d. 

Lowest charge, 3s. 6d. up to 5 lines; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Kepeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 



" Nature " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent scientific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspondence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication among men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


£ *. d. 

Nearly 18 

Half- yearly 14 6 

Quarterly 7 6 

(To all plaett Abroad). £ s. d. 

Yearly 1 10 6 

Half- Yearly , 15 6 

Quarterly ... 8 

tloney Orders to be made payable to MACMIIjIjA.CT and CO., Ltd. 
Ol&oe: St. Martin's Street, London, W.C. 


A very large stock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are oflFered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India. &e 25/- 

60 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Tlie Practical Scientific Cabinet Makers. 


(Established 1847). 

Pahcrs of ebeq ifscnptiou anb ^i^e of Cabinets, abases, ^tore 
ioKS, g^parattts, anb ippliauces, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologists. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &o. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 
graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 


C,^ All Goods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDINa HOUSE STREET and O&LE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddebspield; 





This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Periodicals in the British Isles, dating 
hack to 1833, and is circulated widely amongst the principal Naturalists of tlie country. 

London: A. Bbown and Sons, 5, Pabringdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Snbscription, Gs. 6d., post free ; through Booksellers, 6b. Net 


J. R. LK B. ToMLiN, M.A., F.E.S.,/ro?)i Estyn, Chester, to c/o T. Kensington, 
Esq., Mathow Lodge, West Malvern. 

Arthur Cottam, F.R.A.S., from Eklercroft, Essex Road, Watford, to Furze 
Bank, Durloigh Road, Bridgwater. 


Duplicates : quite black bidentata, dark chocolate abruptaria, lead-coloured 
cambricaria, black pilosaria, black multistrigaria, ashworthii, grossulariata, var. 
varleyata (one only), strigilata (two), and other more ordinary epecies. 

Desiderata: ilicifolia, ocellaris, ulvae, vars. bipunctata and wismariensis, auri- 
coma, exulia, xeranipelina, var. unicolor, albimacula, satura, conformis, gnaphalii, 
conspicuata, roboraria, black var., polygrammata, iiinotata, stevensata, reticulata, 
bicuspia, salicalis, dentalis, terrealis, margaritalis, unionalis, pulveralis, niyellus, 
fascelinellus, mucronellus, farrella, adelphella, bistriga, angustella, cephalonica, 
ceratonisB, alpina, pilosellaD, &c. — Gko. T. Pokritt, Kdgertou, Huddersfleld. 

Session 1905-1906:— Wednesdays, October 4th and 18th, November 
1st and 15th, December 6th, 1905 ; and Annual Meeting, January 
17th, 1908. 

WATKiHS ^ DOHCASTEB, Satuiialists, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/- ; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain King Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/ri ; Breeding Cages, 2/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, tj- ; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, 1/9 per tin ; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, ]4/-; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Koxes, yd., I/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 
Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Stee"! 

Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 
Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascu- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to our New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, and is light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to earry in small compass. A very compact pattern, effecting great saving of 

vreight and bulk. 

PRICES— with two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 

Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

Ji large stock of British, European, and Exotic I»epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and ISirds' Eggs. 

E:NrTo:M:oi_.oc3-iG^^L. r^iisrs. 

The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 3s. 6d. 

sKoisr Rooivr for gaibim^jbxs, &ic. 


36, STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

iLiO^r r) o Tsr. 

Birds and Mammals, ^c, Preserved ^ Mounted by Urst-class workmen. 
Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to any addr«as on applioatios 


In Metnoriam— John William Douglas 221 

Tetropium sp. ? at Leighton Buzzard, — Rev. Oeorge A. Hrawshay, M.A., F.E.S. 223 
Baris (Limnobaris) T-album, Linn., and B. pilistriata, Steph. — G. C. Champion, 

F.Z.S 224 

Zeugophora flavicollis, Marsh., and its varieties. — Id 225 

Occurrence of Argyresthia illuniinatella, Zell., in Britain. — E. Meyrick, B.A., 

F.R.S. 226 

An addition to the British List of Diptera.— W. Weschd, F.R.M.S., ^c 227 

Antipodean Field Notes. III. — A sketch of the Entomology of Sydney, N.S.W. 

(continued).— James 3. Walker, M.A., R.N., F.L.8 228 

Laemosthenes coniplauatus, Dej., &c., in the Isle of Sheppey. — Id 234 

Malachius vulneratus, Ab., in Sbeppey. — E. A. Waterhouse 234 

Coleoptera in the New Forest, &c. — Ouy S. Whitaker 235 

Recent captures of Coleoptera.— J. R. le B. Tomlin, M.A., F.E.S 235 

Myelophila cribrella on the Kentish Rag near Ashford. — W. R. Jeffrey 235 

Lophosia fasoiata, Mg., in the New Forest. — F. C. Adams, F.E.S 236 

Abundance of Locnsta viridissima, &c., at Deal. — Oeo. T. Porritt, F.L.S. 236 

Note on the Heteropterous genus Euloba, Westwood. — G. C. Champion, F.Z.S. 236 
Review. — Entomologen-Addressbuch. The Entomologist's Directory. An- 

nuaire des Entomologistes. W. Junk 237 

Obituary. — W.Johnson. — S.J. Capper, F.E.S 237 

Society. — South London Entomological Society 237 

On the British species of Hydrotsea, Dsv. — Percy H. Grimshaw, F.E.S 239 


in their new Price List, No. XLVIII for 1905, offer more than 16,000 species 
of well-named LEPIDOPTERA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition; 1400 kinds of PREPARED LARV^ ; numerous LIVING 
PUP^, &c. Separate Price Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYMEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 



Leptura scutellata, 2/6; Cleonus uebulosus, 5/- ; Notothecta flavipes, 2/- ; 
Tychius 5-punctatus, 1/- ; Anthicus salinus, 6d , also local var. of same, apex elytra 
red ; Elater elongatulus, 1/-; Elater sauguinolentus, 1/-; Chrysis cyanea, ignita 
and viridula, (id. each ; Formica fusca, rufiventris, race gagates (new to Britain), 
2/6. Aculeate Hymenoptera, Astata stigma, 2/-. 

Many thousands of insects to select from by visitors at Id. each. 

All Orders of insects collected and forwarded in laurel at 9d. per dozen. 

Insects relaxed by a new and speedy process, and reset. 

Excursions conducted to special localities. 


IV/f R. J. C. STEVENS will offer at his Eooms, 3S, King Street, 
Coveut Garden, London, W.C, on Tuesday, October 24th, at 12.30, the 
Collection of British Lepidoptera formed by George O. Day, Esq., F.E.8., of 
Knutsford, comprising long series in fine fresh condition, the majority of the 
insects being modern and are mostly labelled, together with the four Cabinets in 
which they are contained. 

On View day prior 10 to 4 and Morning of Sale. Catalogues on application. 

Second Series,^Ho. 191.] noVEMBEE. 1005. [Pbioe 6d. 






W. W. FOWLEE, D.Sc, M.A., E.L.S. 

J. J. WALKEE, M.A,, E.N., E.L.S. 



[VOL. XLI.] 

"J'engage done tous k eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
tonte allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Laboulhene. 


GUENET & JACKSON (Mb. Vak Vooest's Successoes), 




TITR. J. C. STEVENS will Sell by Auction at his Booms, 38, King 
Street, Covent Garden, London, W.C., on Tuesday, November 14th, the 
choice Collection of Lepidoptera, formed by the late Mr. R. Brauer ; also a Sixty- 
Drawer Cabinet, and a smaller ditto ; also several specimens of Dispar, and other 
rare insects from other sources. 

Session 1905— 1906:— Wednesdays, November 1st and 15th, December 
6th, 1905 ; and Annual Meeting, January 17th, 1906. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8vo, with 59 plates engraved on copper 
from the author's d/rawings : 


F.R.S., F.L.S., &f5. Price, £3 10s. 

First Additional Supplement (with 7 plates), Price, 8s. 

London : Gurney & Jackson, 10, Paternoster Row, E.G. 
Berlin • Friedlander und Sohn, 11, Carlstrasse. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

WTiole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 12s. 6d. 

Lowest charge, Ss. 6d. up to 5 lines ; 6d. per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Lists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 



*' Natube " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming within the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent scientific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspondence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of interoommanication among men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


£ «. d. 
Nearly 18 

Hwlf-rearly 14 6 

Quarterly 7 6 

(To oMpUuu Abroad). £ s. d. 

Yearly 1 10 6 

Half. Yearly 15 6 

Quarterly 8 

Money Orders to be made payable to MACMUjIjAN' and CO., Ltd. 
Ofllee: St. Martin's Street, London, W.C. 


A very large slock of Exotic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are oflFered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India, &c 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

The Practical Scientific Cabinet Iflakeris. 


(Established 1847), 

Pakm of cbcrg icscn^tion anb ^i^e of Cabinets, (leases, <^tore 
^m(s, gipparatus, aub Appliances, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Botanists, 

Ornithologihts. Geologists, Mineralogists, Numismatists, Conchologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 

graduate in depth, and are alL hiterchangeable. 


tiS^ -All Goods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers. 

Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, RIDIN& HOUSE STREET and O&LE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddebsfield ; 





This Journal is one oj the oldest Scientific Peiiodicals in the British Isles, dating 
hack to 1833, and is circulated uidely amongst the princvf-al Naturalists oj tlie country. 

London: A. Buown and Sons, 5, Fabkingdon Avenue, E.G. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free; through BooksellerB, 6e. Net 

TUESDAY AND WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 28th and 29th, at 1 o'clock. 
]\TE. J. C. STEVENS will offer at his Eooms, 38, King Street, 

■'-"- Covent Garden, London, W.C., the final portion of the unrivalled Collection 
of British Lepidoptera formed by the late Philip B. Mason, Esq.. M.R.C.S., 
F.C.S., F.Z.S., F.E.S., &c., of Trent House, Burton-on-Trent, comprising the 
Mioro-Lepidoptera, and including fine and long series of most of the rare and 
local species and varieties in the best state of preservation, totrether with the first 
rate Cabinets in which they are contained ; also the extensive duplicate Collection 
■of Macros and Micros, comprising many thousands of specimens. 

On view day prior, and Mornings of Sale. Catalogues ready a week prior to 
Sale, post free on application. 

N.B. — The whole contents of the Museum, consisting of valuable and exten- 
sive Collections of British Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Rhynchota, Diptera, and other 
Insects, Birds, Birds' Eggs, Shells, Dried Plants, Lichens, Fungi, Bryozoa, Glass 
Models of Marine Animals, &c., for Sale by Private Treaty, and to be seen at Trent 
House, Burton-on-Trent, upon application to Mrs. Mason, care of O. E. Janson 
and Son, Natural History Agents, 44, Great Russell Street, London, W.C. 

WATKIHS & DOHCASTEB, Satmialists, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/-; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10 ; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6 ; Breeding Cages, 2/6, 4/-, 5/-, 7/6 ; Sugaring Tins. 1/6, :i/- ; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for. use, 1/9 per tin ; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, 14/-; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6 ; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 
Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Steel 

Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 
Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6* 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascn- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-, 

THE WAi^D TELESCOPE NEf, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to our New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, aud is light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
CO earry in small compass. A very compact pattern, effecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PRICES— with two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 

Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

Jt large stack of British, European, and Exotic l,epidoptera, 
Coleoptera, and lairds' Eggs. 

E:N-TO]yi:oi_.oa-iG-A.L Fiisrs. 

The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths ofif street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), Ss. 6d. 



36, STRAND, W.C, Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

L o :>r o o Tsr. 

Birds and Mammals, ^c, Preserved ^ Mounted byijvrst-class workmen. 
Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post free to any address on application 


On the British species of Hydrotsea, Dsv. (continued). — Percy H. Orimshaw, 

F.E.8 245 

List of British Dolichopodidae, with tables and notes {concluded). — 0. H. Verrall, 

F.E.S 247 

Further notes on Manx Coleoptera. — J. R. le B. Tomlin, M.A , F.E.S 252 

Lycaena argus, Kirby, var. hypochiona, Ramb., on the North Downs. — A. H. 

Jones, 'f.E.S 254 

A new British flea : Ceratophyllus farreni, spec. nov. (with a Plate). — Hon. N. 

Charles Rothscldld, M.A. , F.L.S 255 

The food-plant of Dibolia cynoglossi, Koch. — Horace Donisthorpe, F.Z.S 256 

Apion brnnnipes, Boh. (= lagvigatum, Kirby), in Suffolk. — E. C. Bedwell, F.E.S. 256 
Occurrence of Amara anthobia, Villa, on the Lancashire coast. — J. Kidson Taylor 257 

Harpalus honestus, Daft., at Streatley, Berks. — IV. Holland 257 

Apion astragali, Payk., at Oxford. — Id 257 

A note on the Coleopterous genus Anisotoma, Illiger. — Norman H. Joy, M.D., 

F.E.S 257 

Leptusa analis, Gyll., &c., in Teesdale, Co. Durham. — Richard S. Bagnall, F.E.S. 25S 

Lepidoptera in Scotland. — Rev. Canon C. T. Cruttwell, M.A., F.E.S 259 

Note on Eupithecia extensaria. — Oeo. T. Potritt, F.Fj.S 260 

Cnephasia communana, H.-S., in Surrey. — A. Thurnall 260 

Vanessa antiopa in Kent. — T. Dudley Willson 260 

Some Welsh Hymenoptera, with note on Oxybelus mucronatus and its prey ; 

also possible relationship of Osmia xanthomelana and Sapyga. — C. H. 

Mortimer 261 

Aculeate Hymenoptera in the New Forest. — Q. Arnold 261 

Pocota apiformis, Schrank, at Colchester. — B. S. Harwood 262 

Tropideres sepicola, F., at Colchester. — Id 262 

Libellula ful va at Colchester. —Id 262 

Macropterous Nabis, &c., at Colchester.... Id 262 

The late J. W. Douglas as a writer on Coccidae. — E. Saunders, F.R..S 262 

Reviews. — A Study of the Aquatic Coleoptera and their surroundings in the 
Norfolk Broads District : by Frank Balfour Browne, M.A., 

F.R.S.E., F.Z.S 263 

Report of Work of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar 
Planters' Association: Division of Entomology. Bulletin I, 
Part I, Leaf Hoppers and their Natural Enemies (Part III, 

Stylopidse) : by R. C. L. Perkins 263 

Societies. — South London Entomological Society 264 

Entomological Society of London 264 

Antipodean Field Notes. III. — A sketch of the Entomology of Sydney, N.S.W. 

{continued).— James .1. Walker, M.A. , R.N. , F.L.S 265 


in their new Price List, No. XLVIII for 1905, oflFer more than 16,000 species 
of well-named LEPIDOPTEKA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition ; 1400 kinds of PREPARED LARV^ ; numerous LIVING 
PUP^, &c. Separate Price Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYMEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 



TyjE. J. C. STEVENS will offer at his Eooms, 38, King Street, 
Covent Garden, London, W.C., the Libraries of Entomological and other 
Natural History Books, formed by the late Alfred Beaumont, Esq., F.E.S., and 
the late C. G. Barrett, Esq., F.E.S. 

On View day prior 10 to 5 and Morning of Sale. Catalogues on application. 

Second Series, No. 192.] T^-p^-p, J ^-p-p ,on« i-d a^ 

TNo 499"' DiiiUJbiMBER, 1905. [Peice 6d. 






W. W. EOWLEE, D.Sc, M.A., E.L.S. 

J. J. WALKEE, M.A., E.N., E.L.S. 



[VOJL. XLI.] . 

"J'engage done tous h eviter dans leurs ecrits toute personnalite, 
toute allusion depassant les limites de la discussion la plus sincere et la 
plus courtoise." — Lahouliene. 


G-UENET & JACKSON (Me. Van Vooest's Successoes), 




■pOE SALE.— Collection or well set BEITISH COLEOPTERA 
in book store boxes, also FINE FOREIGN BEETLES in boxes, and Cabinet, 

HAIiL, Ashby Cottage, Watford, Herts. 

Session 1905— 1906:— Wednesdays, December 6th, 1905; and Annual 
Meeting, January 17th, 1908. 

Complete in one thick volume, royal 8vo, mth 59 plates engraved on copper 
from the author's d/ravnngs : 

F.R.S., P.L.S., &o. Price, £3 lOs. 

First Additional Sappleznent (with 7 plates), Price, Ss. 

London : Gueney & Jackson, 10, Paternoster Row, E.G. 
Berlin ; Friedlandek und Sohn, 11, Carlstrasse. 

Scale of Charges for Advertisements. 

Whole Page £2. Half Page £1 Is. Quarter Page 12s. 6d. 

Iiowest charge, Ss. 6d. up to 5 lines ; 6d- per line afterwards. 
Repeated or continuous Advertisements per contract. 
There is no charge for Iiists of Duplicates and Desiderata. 



" Nature " contains Original Articles on all subjects coming wii>hin the domain of 
Science, contributed by the most eminent scientific writers of the day. It also 
contains Reviews of all recent scientific works ; Correspondence Columns, which 
form a medium of scientific discussion and of intercommunication among men of 
Science ; Accounts of the leading Scientific Serials ; Abstracts of the more 
valuable papers which appear in foreign journals ; Reports of the Proceedings of 
the Principal Scientific Societies and Academies of the World ; and Notes on all 
matters of current scientific interest. 


(To all placet Abroad J. £ s. d. 

Yearly 1 10 6 

Half- Yearly , 15 6 

Quarterly 8 

£ s. d. 
Yearly 18 

Half. Yearly 14 6 

Quarterly 7 6 

Money Orders to be made payable to MACMUiIiAN' and CO., Iitd- 
Office: St. Martin's Street, Iiondon, W.C. 


A very large stock of lExoiic Lepidoptera, Coleoptera and other interesting 

insects always available. 

Parcels sent on approval. Lists Free. Correspondence invited. 

The following lots of named and set Lepidoptera in fine condition 
are offered at specially low rates, post free : — 

100 specimens, upwards of 40 species, S. America 35/- 

100 do. do. do. Africa 35/- 

100 do. do. do. India. &e 25/- 

50 do. do. 20 species, America 15/- 

50 do. do. do. India, &c 10/- 

Cheap lots of Insects, both set and in papers, of all Orders, are constantly on hand. 
Lists may be had on application. 

All kinds of Entomological Apparatus kept in stock. Lists Free. 

Tlie Practical Scientific Cabinet Makers. 


(Established 1847), 

llahers of eberg icscnption anb <^i^e of Cabinets, (leases, ^tare 
io^es, gparatus, aub ipliances, 

And Dealers in all kinds of Specimens for Entomologists, Sctanists, 

Ornithologists, Geologists, Mineralogists, Kumismatists, Conchologists, &c., 

and for the use of Lecturers, Science Teachers, Colleges, Students, &c. 


Specially made Cabinet for Birds' Eggs and Skins. The Drawers 
graduate in depth, and are all interchangeable. 


t^ All Goods at Store Prices. Great advantages in dealing direct with the Makers, 
Send for Full Detailed Price List before ordering elsewhere. 


Factories — 34, EIDDfa HOUSE STREET and O&LE STREET, W. 






Museum, Hull; Technical College, Huddeesjield; 





This Journal is one of the oldest Scientific Periodicals in the British Isles, dating 
back to 1833, and is circulated uidely amongst the principal Naturalists of tlie country. 

London : A. Bbcwn and Sons, 5, Farringdon Avenue, E.C. 


Annual Subscription, 6s. 6d., post free; through Booksellers, 6b. Net 


Dr. B. Bergroth from Tammerfors, Finland, to The Plaza, 1403, Third Avenue, 

Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. 

Series (Vol. XLI), strongly bound in Cloth. Price 7/-. 
Covers for binding, 1/- each. 

London: GURNEY and JACKSON, Paternoster Row. E.G. 

WATKIHS & OOHCASTEB, Satuiialists, 

Keep in stock all Articles for Entomologists, Ornithologists, Botanists, &c. : Umbrella 
Net, 7/-; Folding Cane or Wire, 3/6, 4/-, 4/6 ; Plain Ring Net, 1/3, 2/-, 3/- ; Pocket 
Boxes, 6d., 9d., 1/-, 1/6 ; Store Boxes, with Camphor Cells, 2/6, 3/6, 4/-, 5/-, 6/- ; Zinc 
Pocket Boxes, 9d., 1/-, 1/6, 2/- Setting Boards, from 5d. to 1/10; Complete set 
of 14 boards, 10/6; Breeding Cages, 2/6,4/-, 5/-, 7/6; Sugaring Tins, 1/6, 2/-; Sugar- 
ing Mixture, ready for use, l/9 per tin ; Setting Houses, 9/6, 11/6, ]4/-; Glass 
Topped and Glass Bottomed Boxes, from 1/- per doz. ; Zinc Killing Boxes, 9d., 1/- ; 
Coleoptera Collecting Bottles, 1/6, 1/8; Collecting Box, containing 26 tubes (very 
useful for Coleopterists, Microscopists, &c.), 4/6 ; Brass Chloroform Bottle, 2/6. 

Improved Pocket Pupa-digger in leather sheath (strongly recommended), 1/9 ; Steel 
Forceps, 1/6, 2/-, 2/6 per pair ; Pocket Lens, from 1/- to 8/-. 

Taxidermists' Companion, containing most necessary implements for skinning, 10/6. 
Scalpels, with ebony handles, 1/3 ; Fine Pointed Scissors, 2/- per pair ; Brass Blow- 
pipe, 4d., 6d. ; Egg Drills, 2d., 3d. ; ditto, best quality, 9d. each ; Botanical Vascn- 
lum, 1/6, 2/9, 3/6, 4/6 ; Label List of British Macro-Lepidoptera, with Latin and 
English Names, 1/6; List of British Lepidoptera (every species numbered), 1/-; 
or on one side for Labels, 2/-. 

THE WAND TELESCOPE NET, an innovation in Butterfly Nets. 

We beg to call your attention to oar New Telescope Handle for Butterfly Nets. It 
is made entirely in brass, aud ia light and strong, and moreover, it can be shut up 
to earry in small compass. A very compact pattern, effecting great saving of 

weight and bulk. 

PEICES— witii two joints, 8/6 ; with three joints, 9/6 ; with four joints, 10/6. 

Complete with Improved Cane Folding Ring and Bag. We shall be pleased to 

send on approval. 

|t large stock of British, European, and Exotic l»epidopterat 
igoleoptera, and lairds' Eggs. 

EiNTTon^^orjOO-io^^i-. fiists. 

The " DIXON " LAMP NET (invaluable for taking Moths off street lamps 
without climbing the lamp posts), 3s. 6d. 

SK012ir Room FOI^ Ca^INTETS, &c. 


36f STRAND, W.C., Five Doors from Charing Cross, 

L O SO" U O N. 

Birds and Mammals, SCc, Preserved ^Mounted by first-clcus workmen . 

Our New Price List (96 pp.) sent post fre« to any address on applioatioo. 


Antipodean Field Notes. III. — A sketch of the Entomology of Sydney, N.S.W. 

{cnntinued).— J. Walker, M. A., R.N., F.L.S 269 

The species of Tetropinm that have been found in Britain. — D. Sharp, M.A,, 

F.R.S 271 

Three species of Coleoptera new to Britain. — Norman H. Joy, M.B.C.S., F.E.S. 274 
Tortrix pronnbana, Hb. : a species new to the British List, in Sussex. — W. H. 

B. Fletcher, M.A., F.E.S 27& 

A Dipterous enemy of English hothouse grapes. — Ernest E.Austen 276 

On two new species of Dolichopodidse taken in Scotland.— G.H. Verrall, F.E.S. 279 
Ee-occurrence of Quedius nigrocoeruleus, Rey, in Suffolk. — E. C. Bedwell, F.E.S. 279 

Megacronus formosus, Gr. — E. A. Newhery 279 

Oxytelus fulvipes, Er., in Sherwood Forest. — J. Kidson Taylor 280 

Captures of Coleoptera. — Rev. Theodore Wood, F.E.S 280 

Bledius femoralis, Gyll., near Wellington College. — Rev. Canon W. W. Fowler, 

D.Sc, M.A., F.L.S 280 

The British variation of Nebria gyllenhali, 8ch.— W. E. Sharp, F.E.S 281 

Obituary. — George Bowdler Buckton, F.R.S 282 

Society. — Entomological Society of London 283 

Title Page, Index, &c i — xvi 


"^ in their new Price List, No. XLVIII for 1905, offer more than 16,000 species 
of well-named LEPIDOPTEKA, set or in papers, from all parts of the world, 
in finest condition ; 1400 kinds of PREPARED LARV^ ; numerous LIVING 
PUP^, &c. Separate Price Lists for COLEOPTERA (22,000 species) ; HYMEN- 
OPTERA (3200 species), DIPTERA (2400), HEMIPTERA (2200), ORTHOPTERA 



Vol. XVI, Second Series (1905), ends with the present Number. 
Subscriptions, 6/- (POST-FREE) for 1906 are now due. Money or Postal 
Orders may be sent to the Editors, 10, Paternoster Eow, London, E.G., or to 
either of them personally at his residence. The Subscription for nearly 
all foreign countries is now the same as that for the United Kingdom. 

Intending new Subscribers should send in their names and addresses 
as soon as possible. 

Any one wishing to discontinue his Subscription- must give notice to 
that effect on or before the 20th inst., otherwise he will be considered 
liable for the ensuing Volume. 


A limited number of sets from Vol. XXVI to XL inclusive are now 
offered at the reduced price of £3 per set net, in parts (if bound, Is. per 
Vol. extra). Apply to the Publishers. 

The Editors are ready to entertain proposals for continuous Adver- 
tisements, or for a term. 

^11 f 

3 9088 00908 2231 

4'."?^ J 

I > 1 

5^ i'< 



1 I.VtAx''. 


:< k:^^ 



'^•^'1^ I A 

; fj* M! 


■^ >