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For God and Country 



THE EPIC STORY OF THE HEROIC MUHLENBERG FAMILY 



(Muhlenberg Qollege 



MAY TWENTY. FOURTH TO JUNE FIRST 



1942 



\ 



t 






"Published by the 

MVHLENBERG BICENTENNIAL CELEBRATION, InC. 

MuhLenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania 

May 23) 1942 

Gordon B. Foster, Editor 



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Foreword 



FOR two hundred years the name Muhlen- 
berg has been one of the most honored in 
America. 
Through two centuries, generation after genera- 
tion of descendants of Henry Melchior Muhlen- 
berg faithfully have served their Church and their 
Nation as preachers and pastors, as statesmen and 
diplomats and soldiers, as doctors and teachers 
and lawyers. Their zeal and devotion to the ideals 
that prompted the founding of this Country have 
done much to estabhsh and preserve the heritages 
of freedom and liberty that today belong to all 
Americans. 

The Muhlenbergs have been to Pennsylvania 
what the Adams and Winslow families have been 
to New England, the Jeffersons and Monroes to 
Virginia. 

There is no guage and no yardstick that can 
measure adequately their influence through the 
years. But this much is certain : They firmly estab- 
lished on American soil a Church in which millions 
have found the spiritual comfort of religion and 
have been stalwarts of that and other churches; 
they fought heroically in all of America's wars 
and helped establish and defend the Constitution; 
they have made marked contributions to science 
and have founded and directed schools and col- 
leges as teachers and administrators; they have 
served in the legislative halls of their State and 
their Nation and have held important executive 
positions; they have built homes and reared fam- 
ilies and have remained rooted to the American 
traditions they helped to mold. 

This College, named for the Muhlenbergs, has 
continued true to their ideals as it has gone about 
its task of preparing men for the type of service 
the Muhlenbergs have given. 

This year, two centuries after the progenitor 
of that family came to America to begin his work, 
the Lutheran Church honors Henry Melchior 



Muhlenberg. This week the Nation joins the 
Church and the College in a tribute to the patri- 
arch and his three distinguished sons: Major 
General John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, one of 
Washington's most trusted officers in the War for 
Independence; Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhl- 
enberg, first Speaker of the United States House 
of Representatives; and Gotthilf Henry Ernst 
Muhlenberg, pioneer American botanist. The sons, 
like their father, were Christian ministers. 

The Bicentennial of the Muhlenberg family will 
reflect on the lives of others whose accomplish- 
ments through the years have guided this Nation 
along the path to power and greatness. It will 
point to the contributions of those who now are 
fighting on home and battle fronts to preserve 
the Ideals and the heritages given to America by 
the Muhlenbergs and their fellow patriots. 

Events of the week are predicated upon the 
past and again call to mind some of the great 
moments of American history. But they are more 
than a review. They are a challenge to those who 
follow the Muhlenbergs now and in generations 
to come to continue the fight for liberty, for faith, 
for freedom, for justice, and for truth. They pro- 
vide an additional Incentive, if one be needed, to 
give the last ounce of devotion to preserve the 
right to worship God according to the dictates 
of one's own heart, the right to assemble and to 
speak freely, the right to enjoy liberties so long as 
they do not infringe upon the same rights of 
others. 

They remind Muhlenberg College again of its 
duty to train men, who, like the Muhlenbergs, will 
be qualified and prepared to lead future Ameri- 
cans to the great victories for Church, NatlonTand 
education that lie ahead. 

It is in this spirit that Muhlenberg College, on 
its own seventy-fifth anniversary as a College 
named for the Muhlenberg Family, presents the 
Bicentennial. 7 




Henry Melchior Muhlenberg 



HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG, Lu- 
theran missionary who led the development of 
his Church on American soil and became the 
progenitor of a mighty clan of men and women who for 
two centuries have served their Country, bulks large in 
the history of the Church and the Nation. 

The scales that weigh the destinies of man defy his 
understanding. A moment may determine the course of 
generations of human lives. It was to such a moment that 
the hands of the dial moved on the evening of September 
6, 1741, when the man now recognized as the patriarch of 
the Lutheran Church in America received the call to leave 
family and friends, in a land that then enjoyed compara- 
tive comfort, to serve the leaderless Lutherans in Penn- 
sylvania. 

Other Lutherans had gone to America before him. 
Others had planted their churches in the American col- 
onies. But to Muhlenberg fell the task of organizing scat- 
tered Lutherans along the Atlantic Seaboard, of establish- 
ing churches for them, and of forming the Ministerium of 
Pennsylvania and Adjacent States, the mother synod of 
the United Lutheran Church in America. 

During the forty-five years of his ministry in Pennsyl- 
vania and the seaboard states. Reverend Muhlenberg or- 
ganized new congregations as the continued immigration 
led to the establishment of new communities. In the 200 
years since he began his work in 1742 several thousand 
Lutheran congregations have been organized across the 
American continent, and today the church he nurtured 
on American soil numbers 1,700,000 members throughout 
the United States and Canada, and some 300,000 others 
in many parts of the world. The Church has continued 
the missionary enterprise that brought Muhlenberg to 
America and has remained true to the ideals he interpreted 
from the teachings of his Master. 

Henry Melchior Muhlenberg was born September 6, 
1711 in the town of Einbeck, in the electorate of Han- 
over, later absorbed by Prussia. His father was Nicolaus 
Melchior Muhlenberg, descendant of a former baronial 
family, a member of the town council, and an officer of 
the Lutheran Church in his community. His mother, who 
on the death of Muhlenberg's father in 1723 faced the 
problem of raising a large family on a small estate, was 
Anna Maria Kleinschmidt, daughter of a retired military 
officer. The heritages of those parents may be traced 
through the long list of their descendants. 

As a boy he attended the schools of his community, 
but the death of his father made it necessary for him to 
go to work. Evenings he devoted to study, winning the 
interest of the rector of the local academv who assisted 



him privately and finally admitted him, at the age of 
twenty-one, to the highest class. In 1733 he was studying 
at Zellerfeld, teaching four hours a day for his support 
and devoting the rest of his time to mastering Latin classics 
and the Greek New Testament. 

In March 1735, with the aid of a stipend from Einbeck, 
he matriculated in the recently established university of 
Goettingen and in the following year, with two other stu- 
dents, rented a room and opened a charity school. The 
school grew into an orphanage that continues to our own 
day. In 1737 he was permitted to preach and catechise 
in the university church. 

The next three years were in preparation for a work 
he little dreamed he would be called to do. He served as 
a teacher in the Halle institutions ; picked up considerable 
knowledge of diseases and medicine ; grounded himself in 
theology and an understanding for church organizations 
and foreign missions ; acquired some social graces, and 
became skilled in conversation and argument, and talented 
in music. There were plans for sending him to new mission 
fields in India, but he was ordained in Leipzig and became 
pastor of a parish in Grosshennersdorf, a town in Saxony. 

It was on his thirtieth birthday, September 6, 1741, that 
he visited Doctor Gotthilf Augustus Francke, son of the 
founder of the Halle institutions and received a challeng- 
ing call to go to Pennsylvania. He preached his last sermon 
at Grosshennersdorf, journeyed to Einbeck to say a last 
farewell to his aging mother, his brothers and his sisters, 
and then went to London to receive his official call and 
instructions from Reverend F. M. Ziegenhagen, court 
preacher at the Chapel of St. James. On June 13, 1741 
he boarded a packet bound for Charleston, South Carolina. 

Reverend Muhlenberg arrived in Charleston on Sep- 
tember 22, 1742 and, after visiting the Salzburg Luth- 
eran Colony in Ebenezer, Georgia, embarked from Charles- 
ton for Philadelphia. 

The Pennsylvania city, when Muhlenberg arrived on 
November 25, 1742, was about the size of his native 
Einbeck, a city of about 12,000 persons. His call was to 
serve St. Michael-Zion Church in Philadelphia and the 
congregations at Hanover and Providence, the latter 
known as the Trappe. Arriving at Philadelphia at eight 
in the morning, before night he had covered ten miles of 
the journey to New Hanover where he preached his first 
sermon in Pennsylvania on November 28, in an unfinished 
log structure. The next day he visited the Trappe, then 
returned to Philadelphia where he preached his first ser- 
mon on December 5. The first service at Trappe was held 
in a barn on December 11. 

Muhlenberg early fitted himself into the new world 



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scene, and seemed to thrive in his multiple role of pastor, 
itinerant preacher, school master, organist, singing teacher, 
and physician. 

Although Muhlenberg's congregations lay thirty-six 
miles apart, he went from one to the other spending a 
week at each place. He held services on Sunday and taught 
in the parish schools during the week. Peter Brunnholtz 
arrived in Philadelphia to assist him in January 1745 and 
that spring the charge was divided, Brunnholtz serving 
the congregations in Philadelphia and Germantown, and 
Muhlenberg those at New Hanover and Trappe, with 
general oversight of all. 

Relieved of some of his many duties, Muhlenberg 
spread his activities into more distant fields. On his visits 
to Tulpehocken, the wide valley between Reading and 
Lebanon, he won for himself the deep friendship and 
moral support of Conrad Weiser, renowned diplomat and 
Indian agent and the most influential German in the 
colony. In the Weiser home Muhlenberg sang the hymns 
of Halle and, according to tradition, captivated not only 
Father Weiser but also his daughter Anna Maria. A 
tender understanding sprang up between the two of them, 
and, with the blessings of Father Conrad and Mother 
Anna Eva the thirty-three year old Muhlenberg was mar- 
ried on April 22, 1745 to Anna Maria, then not quite 
eighteen. The Muhlenbergs were the parents of eleven 
children, seven of whom grew to maturity. 

As new churches were organized Muhlenberg's mind 
and time were taken up with the ever increasing cares of 
his office, extended correspondence, and the demands made 
upon him from all parts of the Lutheran Church in the 
colonies. Almost until the time of his death on October 
7, 1787, he remained pastor of the United Congregations 
that had called him to America, but he soon made them 
the nucleus of an organization that spread rapidly wher- 
ever Lutherans settled. Early in his ministry he made 
trips to the Raritan Valley in New Jersey, to Frederick, 



Maryland, and to points throughout Eastern Pennsyl- 
vania. Until the outbreak of the Revolution he continued 
to visit Lutheran congregations scattered from the Hudson 
River to the Potomac. 

As new congregations were formed and older ones allied 
themselves with Muhlenberg, the need of closer associa- 
tion became apparent and on August 26, 1748 the first 
convention of the Evangelical Lutheran Ministerium of 
Pennsylvania was held at Philadelphia. He remained its 
revered leader even after the infirmities of age compelled 
him to restrict his activities. In 1779 the aging pastor 
formally resigned as rector of St. Michael-Zion and two 
years later made his last appearance at a meeting of the 
Ministerium. In 1784 the University of Pennsylvania 
made him a doctor of divinity. Though his mind was still 
clear and active, he was confined more and more to New 
Providence and finally to his own house where he died 
October 7, 1787. 

Even at the time of his death his significance as the 
virtual founder of the Lutheran Church in America was 
recognized on all sides. His fame has grown with the 
church and, thanks to the remarkably full records of his 
life, he is still one of the molding forces of his denomina- 
tion, one of the most revered figures in the Protestant 
Church in America. 

As a boy of twelve he had quietly dedicated his life to 
the service he gave. In one of the old family Bibles is to 
be found a short verse he wrote at about the time he was 
confirmed : 

"Two hands, both fresh and strong, did my Creator give ; 
They shall not idle be as long as I shall live ; 
First I will raise them up to God to praise and pray, 
And then they may begin what labor brings each day; 
In truth, I'll ne'er forget the Ora, 
And hand in hand I'll practice the Labora." 

How well he fulfilled his plan for his life, history has 

recorded. 



Muhlenberg Preaching in a Barn at Trappe 




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C. A. Dorney Furniture Company 




The Church At Trappe 



SHRINE of the Lutheran Church 
in America, the beautiful old 
Augustus Lutheran Church at 
Trappe stands as one of the monuments 
to Henry Melchior Muhlenberg and 
the pioneer Lutherans he served. 

The beautiful old German-rural 
church near Norristown was the first 
house of worship erected on American 
soil by the Patriarch Muhlenberg. Its 
hand-hewn timber, its hand forged 
nails and hinges and latches, represent 
the work of Muhlenberg and the men 
and women who left their ploughs and 
farm workshops to erect a building in 
which they might worship their God 
according to the dictates of their own 
hearts. 

The congregation at New Provi- 
dence, now known as Trappe, was in ex- 
istence before Henry Melchior Muhlen- 
berg set out on his voyage to America 
and was one of the three congregations that united in 
calling him to his new fields of labor. A barn, private 
homes and later a school served as meeting places. 

It was on January 5, 1743, a year after Muhlenberg's 
arrival, that the congregation took the first steps to erect 
a church, a building that was to be fifty-four "shoes" long 
and thirty-nine wide. With happy determination members 
of the congregation began the work. Men donated labor 
and materials and hauled the stones and timber from the 
nearby forests and fields. Women and children split and 
shaved the shingles. On their crude forges they fashioned 
the nails and primitive hardware. 

In spite of the obstacles with which they were con- 
fronted, the eager congregation worked so rapidly that the 
cornerstone was laid on May 2, 1743. The total cost of 
the building, including the digging of a well and the 
purchase of a chain pump was the equivalent of $889.92. 
Approximately one-third of that amount was raised in 
Europe by Dr. Ziegenhagen. It was named Augustus in 
honor of Herman Augustus Francke, founder of the Halle 
institutions, whose son persuaded Muhlenberg to accept 
the call to America. 

Only the exterior of the building was finished when the 
first service was held on September 12, 1743. The dedi- 
cation was postponed until October 6, 1745 when the 
building had been completed and was paid. 




Augustus Church at Trappe 

The seating capacity of the old stone church is about 
250 on the main floor. The gallery and choir loft can 
accommodate approximately 195 more on the hand hewn 
benches. The gallery was erected in 1751 to receive the 
pipe organ that had been purchased in Europe. 

Old Trappe Church escaped modernization and, in its 
rugged simplicity, retains the distinction of being the 
oldest unaltered Lutheran Church building in the United 
States. Only repairs that were necessary for its preservation 
have been made. The roof has been reshingled, new window 
sash inserted, and the outside has been dashed with mortar 
to exclude moisture. 

The visitor today may see the old collection bags hang- 
ing on the wall behind the seats occupied by the officers 
of the congregation, the lovely mahogany pulpit that was 
imported from Europe, the old white altar bearing the 
date 1795, the old pews. There too, are the pews of the 
aristocrats with their carved board doors and elaborate 
hinges. 

For 109 years, until the second church was built in 1852, 
old Trappe Church was used regularly. There was no 
provision for heating the structure and in the winter the 
sexton covered the floor with long straw. Weak and elderly 
people brought hot planks and bricks as foot warmers. 

Although removed from the major activities of the 
armies of the Revolution, the old church nevertheless 
played a significant part in the struggle for freedom. Here 



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[5 



Major General Muhlenberg received his early education 
and was confirmed. Here his father lived at the time of 
the encampment at Valley Forge and here he frequently 
preached to groups of soldiers as they were recruited. 

On the march from Brandywine to Germantown, part 
of Washington's Army passed the old church. On Sep- 
tember 23, 1777 the regiment under General Armstrong 
encamped around it and used the church and school house 
as headquarters. On October 2 they started their march 
for Philadelphia for the battle of Germantown two days 
later. The church was used as a hospital and many 
wounded soldiers were cared for within its thick stone 
walls. On October 5 General Washington rode to the 
door on his white horse and, entering the church, spoke 
words of cheer and comfort to his troops. 

The congregation at Trappe also built the first school 
house in Providence Township in December 1742, to be 
replaced by a new log school in 1750. Here the Charity 
School was opened in 1754 with Benjamin Franklin, 
Conrad Weiser, Provost William Smith, and Governor 
James Hamilton among the trustees. 

Through the years this old church has stood as a monu- 
ment not only to Muhlenberg but to the zeal and courage 
and spiritual fervor of the Pennsylvania German pioneers 
who labored on this new continent so that they and their 
posterity might enjoy the heritages that today belong to 
all Americans. 




Muhlenberg's Pulpit at Trappe 



Interior of Old Trappe Church . 




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Lehigh Spinning Company — Queen City Textiles 




John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg 



AMERICA, fighting today to preserve the freedoms 
that have been its cornerstone for more than 175 
^ years, may well take its challenge from one of its 
early patriots. Major General John Peter Gabriel Muhl- 
enberg, son of the patriarch of the Lutheran Church in 
this country. 

"There is a time for all things," the fighting Pennsyl- 
vania German parson told his Woodstock, Virginia con- 
gregation on a Sunday in January in 1776, "a time to 
preach and a time to pray. But there is also a time to 
fight and that time has now come." 

Pastor Muhlenberg, one of the leaders in the struggle 
for liberty that preceded the battles of the American Revo- 
lution, faced a crowded church that Sunday morning. Clad 
as usual in the long black clerical gown, he repeated — for 
the last time — the liturgy his father had prepared, read the 
first eight verses of the third chapter of Ecclesiastes, then 
preached the sermon that has come down through the 
years as a tradition and a challenge. 

He pronounced the benediction, then dramatically cast 
aside his clerical robe to stand before the congregation in 
the uniform of a colonel in the Eighth Virginia Regiment. 
Drums beat in the churchyard and before the congregation 
returned from Divine service, 300 men and boys had en- 
listed in the Continental Army with their pastor as their 
colonel. Recruiting was completed in March and the men 
from the Shenandoah Valley marched away for Suffolk. 

Through the long years of the war that made this Nation 
free, Muhlenberg and his men fought in the most bitter 
campaigns. Their colonel became a brigadier general and, 
after the war, was brevetted a major general. 

The spirit of the man, the character that prompted him 
to leave his pulpit to fight for the cause in which he be- 
lieved, is found in his own words, an answer to a relative 
who complained that he had abandoned the Church for 
the Army: 

"I am a clergyman, it is true," Muhlenberg said, "but 
I am a member of society as well as the poorest layman, 
and my liberty is as dear to me as to any man. Shall I 
then sit still and enjoy myself at home when the best 
blood of the continent is spilling? Do you think that if 
America is conquered I should be safe? Far from it. And 
would vou not sooner fight like a man than die like a 
dog?" 

Not as well known as the famous quotation from his 
Woodstock sermon, these words, too, echo down through 
the years to a Nation that today faces a new foe. 

General Muhlenberg, eldest son of Henry Melchior 



Muhlenberg, was born at the Trappe, October 1, 1746. 
Here, living in an atmosphere of freedom, he developed 
the frontier spirit bequeathed to him by his grandfather, 
Conrad Weiser. 

Until 1761, when the family removed to Philadelphia 
and he entered the academy that later became the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, he received his training and edu- 
cation from his parents. At the age of seventeen, in 1763, 
he was sent abroad to continue his education. He was 
apprenticed to a small grocer who failed to keep the agree- 
ment Peter had signed in the belief that he was to learn the 
drug business. For two years he clung to the distasteful 
job, then, after proper releases had been signed and settle- 
ment made, he left and joined an English Regiment that 
was being recruited in the "free city" of Lubeck. Peter 
became secretary of the Regiment but, a short time after 
the troops came to America, his release was arranged. 

Although for a while Peter seemed to prefer a business 
career, as a dutiful elder son he began his training for the 
ministry. His teacher. Dr. Charles M. Wrangel, provost 
of the Swedish Lutheran Churches on the Delaware, 
brought to him an appreciation for the profession for which 

General Muhlenberg 




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he was being trained. He soon became a powerful and 
eloquent preacher and when he preached at Gloria Dei 
Church in Philadelphia it was noticeable that the attend- 
ance at St. Michael's dropped. Members of that congrega- 
tion suggested that Peter be permitted to preach in their 
church. He preached his first sermon there on the evening 
of Good Friday, 1768. Thereafter he was regularly em- 
ployed as assistant to his father, supplying pulpits through- 
out Eastern Pennsylvania, including Montgomery and 
Lehigh Counties. Later he served the United Zion and St. 
Paul Churches in Hunterdon, Somerset, and Morris 
Counties in New Jersey. 

In May 1771, a few months after his marriage to Anna 
Barbara Meyer, daughter of a well-to-do Philadelphia 
potter, he received a call to serve the congregation in 
Woodstock, in the fertile Shenandoah farm lands to which 
Pennsylvanians had migrated. It was necessary however 
that he be ordained by the Church of England, because 
the law then enforced in Virginia sanctioned no marriage 
by a "dissenting minister" and because as a minister of the 
established church his salary would be assured through 
taxation. Muhlenberg sailed for London on March 2, 
1772 and on April 23 was ordained by the Bishop of 
London in the King's Chapel at St. James. 

In Virginia Muhlenberg became one of the outstanding 
exponents of the patriot cause and was recognized not only 
as the spiritual but also as the civic leader of the people in 
the Woodstock region. He was elected to the House of 
Burgesses in 1774, associated with the leaders of the Revo- 
lutionary Party, among them Patrick Henry, and was 
made chairman of the Committee of Public Safety. 

With the authorization for six additional regiments of 
troops in Virginia, Muhlenberg, at the urging of George 
Washington and Patrick Henry, took command of the 
Eighth Virginia Regiment. 

Muhlenberg's first campaign was in Georgia, where he 
and his men received the news of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, and in South Carolina, where he came to the 
relief of General Lee. On February 21, 1777 he was com- 
missioned Brigadier General in the Continental Army and 
ordered north to Morristown, New Jersey. On September 
1 1 his brigade and Weedon's bore the brunt of the fighting 
at Brandywine, and on October 8 he again distinguished 
himself at Germantown. 

Through the war Muhlenberg and his men fought 
heroically in battle after battle. The winter of 1777-78 
he was stationed with Washington at Valley Forge and 
in July took command of the second line of the right wing 
under General Green at Monmouth Court House. Later 
in the year he was with Putnam's Division on the North 
River and, while Putnam was detailed for other duties 
during the winter, commanded the division. He was in 
winter quarters at Middlebrook, New Jersey in 1778-1779 
and the next summer supported General Anthony Wayne 
in the assault on Stony Point. 

In December 1779 Washington sent Muhlenberg to 
Virginia to take chief command in that state. He fought 
on but heavy snowfalls and impassable roads prevented 
him from reaching Richmond until March. Later Major 
General von Steuben succeeded to his position and 
Muhlenberg became second in command. He was engaged 




"There is also a time to fight" 

in most of the numerous but indecisive actions at this 
stage of the war. When Cornwallis was bottled up at 
Yorktown, Muhlenberg was in charge of the troops on 
the south bank of the James, and on October 14, 1781 
commanded the American brigade that stormed one of the 
British redoubts. 

Muhlenberg's health had been permanently impaired by 
the war and he was uneasy about his finances. Settling his 
affairs in Woodstock, he removed to Philadelphia in 1783, 
where he was a hero second only to Washington. 

The soldier who had fought in the battles for liberty 
now worked at home to make those freedoms secure and 
to hand them down to posterity. He was elected to the 
Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania in 1784 and 
from 1785 to 1788 was vice-president of Pennsylvania 
under Benjamin Franklin. 

With his brother Frederick Augustus, he was elected a 
representative at large in the first Congress, and a repre- 
sentative from Montgomery County in the third and sixth 
Congresses. In 1790 he was a member of the State Con- 
stitutional Convention. 

Muhlenberg's leadership was again recognized when, 
on February 18, 1801, he was elected to the United States 
Senate. He resigned a month later in order to accept the 
appointment as supervisor of revenue for the Pennsyl- 
vania District. From 1802 until his death on October 1, 
1807 he served as Collector of Customs for the Port of 
Philadelphia. 

In America's fight for freedom and in the struggles to 
lay a strong foundation for this great Nation, Major Gen- 
eral John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg set an example for 
posterity and earned the place Pennsylvania and the Na- 
tion have given in the Rotunda of the National Capitol 
for the statue that memorializes his life. 



8] 



Blossom Products Company 




Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg 



CARVED deeply into the history of a great Nation 
is the name of Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhl- 
enberg, first Speaker of the United States House 
of Representatives and one of the patriots who fought 
valiantly behind the battle lines as America forged its 
way to power and greatness. 

A Lutheran clergyman, like his father and brothers, 
Frederick Muhlenberg became one of the most imf)ortant 
political figures in Pennsylvania and one of the first states- 
men in the Country he served during the War for Inde- 
pendence and in the years that followed. Less colorful 
than his soldier brother Peter, his contributions to the 
structure of American life were nonetheless important. 

The third child and the second son of the patriarch, 
Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg was born at 
Trappe, January 1, 1750 and, as he studied under the 
guidance of his father and mother, grasped something of 
the spirit of the new land to which his father had come in 
1742. As a boy of thirteen he was sent with his brothers 
to Halle to acquire an education that was to fit him to 
follow in the footsteps of his father. 

Returning to Philadelphia in 1770 with his brother 
Gotthilf and their future brother-in-law John Christopher 
Kunze, he was ordained into the ministry by the Lutheran 
Ministerium of Pennsylvania in Reading on October 25, 
1770 and thereafter became assistant to his brother-in-law, 
Christian Emmanuel Schulze. The first few years of his 
ministry were spent in the Tulpehocken region, preaching 
and performing other ministerial acts at Tulpehocken, 
Schaeferstown, Lebanon and other points in that region. 

On October 15, 1771, just a year after his ordination, 
he was married to Catharine Schaefer, daughter of a Phila- 
delphia sugar refiner, by whom he had three sons and four 
daughters. 

His ministry in Pennsylvania was of short duration, and 
in 1773 he was called as the pastor of Christ Church, the 
"Old Swamp Church," at Frankford and William Streets 
in New York City. There are records and traditions of his 
eloquent preaching and of his leadership of the congrega- 
tion that once had been a part of his father's parish. Before 
he left he aided in building the foundation upon which has 
developed the Lutheran Synod of New York. 

It was while engaged in this work in New York that he 
began to give voice to opinions which, when crystallized 
into action, drew him into the political arena. While 
preaching there he was a witness to the course of events 
which ripened into the open revolt of the colonies against 
the British crown. Frederick immediately allied himself 



with the patriot party and was outspoken in support of its 
cause, so much so in fact, that when Lord Howe was ap- 
proaching the city in 1776, he vowed that he would appre- 
hend the man to whom he referred as "that rebel minister." 

There is a record, however, that in 1775 he wrote to his 
brother Peter rebuking him for mixing revolutionary and 
martial activities with the ministry. It is not clear whether 
it vyas to his brother or to some other critic that Peter re- 
plied in defining his attitude. 

As a precautionary measure, Frederick sent his w^ife and 
two children to Philadelphia in February, 1776 and in 
June, when Howe's fleet appearing in the offing, he fol- 
lowed them. A month later he removed to Trappe with 
his family and relieved his father of the charge at New 
Hanover. He also preached regularly at Oley Hills and 
New Goshenhoppen and occasionally in Reading. 

Philadelphia was the center of his activities for some 
time and there, as in New York, he was an outstanding 
supporter of the patriot cause. The turning point of his life 
was his election in March, 1779 to fill the unexpired term 
of Edward Biddle in the Continental Congress. He had 
been an honest, faithful and laborious clergyman, but his 

Speaker Muhlenberg 




Wetherhold and Metzger 



[9 



choice of that profession had been dictated by circum- 
stances rather than by his own volition and to the political 
career now opening ahead of him he turned with renewed 
hope and energy. His decision to enter politics at that time 
must have been made after considerable inward searching 
of mind and spirit. His father was opf>osed to the step, and 
he, himself, having been trained in the ministry, must have 
realized the gravity of the move he was making. 

Since politics and preaching are not ordinarily associated 
in the compounding of a career, it resolved itself in Fred- 
erick's case to a choice of one or the other. Since the lure 
of statecraft proved to be so great, it was, perhaps, a happy 
choice he made, for the exigencies of the times required 
statesmen who were moved by principles ingrained in those 
who, like Frederick Muhlenberg, had been trained in the 
ethics of the Christian religion. 

His term as a member of the Continental Congress ex- 
tended from March 2, 1779 to October 28, 1780 when he 
became ineligible for three years. The years of his service 
covered a critical period in the fortunes of the American 
arms. Particularly baffling was the problem of supplying 
the Army with sufficient food. Congress had exhausted its 
repertoire of ideas and had turned the responsibility over 
to the states. These entities were so slow in meeting their 
obligations that it appeared, for a while, as if the Army 
must disband or starve. 

Pennsylvania, as the state best able to come to the rescue 
because of its thriving agricultural industry, was implored 
by Congress to do something quickly. Frederick Muhlen- 
berg, as a member of the Congressional committee estab- 
lished to cooperate with the state authorities in this emer- 
gency, did yeoman work in effecting a program of relief. 
Other duties as a member of the Continental Congress 
also claimed his attention. Membership on the Treasury 
and Hospital committees plunged him directly into the 
whirl of events. His influence as a delegate from the im- 
portant state of Pennsylvania made him a welcome cog in 
the congressional machine. 

Frederick's subsequent career in politics unfolded with 
great rapidity. At the completion of his term in the Conti- 
nental Congress he was called to the Pennsylvania General 
Assembly. Three of the four years which marked his con- 
nection with that body he served as Speaker of the lower 
house. This was a particularly fortunate experience, for it 
prepared him for the successful stewardship of a similar 
office in the first National Congress organized after the 
adoption of the present Constitution of the United States. 
He was president of the Council of Censors, 1783-1784, 
and one of the party striving for a revision of the state 
constitution. 

On March 9, 1784 he was commissioned justice of the 
peace and, on the organization of Montgomery County in 
autumn of the same year, was made register of wills and 
recorder of deeds. He wrote occasionally for the press and 
his private letters are enlivened with racy comments on 
the politics and politicians of the day. 

Before entering upon his duties under the Constitution 
of the United States, he helped secure its adoption. Dela- 
ware was the first state to ratify the new instrument of 
government after its submission to the states in the fall of 
1787. But Delaware was a small state and presumably had 



gained much at the expense of the larger states as a result 
of the compromises that marked the drafting of the docu- 
ment. Pennsylvania, the first large state to ratify, started 
a movement that brought others quickly into the fold. 
Frederick Muhlenberg, a Federalist and therefore inter- 
ested in the adoption of the Constitution, presided at the 
convention called in Philadelphia in 1787, to adopt the 
Constitution. 

Financial necessity compelled him to engage in business 
and he became a member of the firm of Muhlenberg and 
Wegmann, importers, and Muhlenberg and Lawersweiler, 
sugar refiners. He owned a house and fifty acres of land 
at Trappe, with which a store of some kind was connected. 

When Congress assembled in New York in 1778, Muhl- 
enberg came to it with the reputation of an experienced, 
urbane, impartial presiding officer and was elected Speaker. 
It is considered probable that the choice was brought about 
by Muhlenberg's experience in the Pennsylvania Assembly, 
by his record as a leader of the patriot cause, and his work 
on behalf of the adoption of the Constitution, and, by the 
fact that since the President came from the South and the 
Vice-president from New England, it was desirable to elect 
the Speaker from the powerful middle states. He was re- 
elected to the Second, Third, and Fourth Congresses. 
What induced his defeat as Speaker in the Second Congress 
by Jonathon Trumbull, son of the Revolutionary Whig 
Governor of Connecticut, is not as yet altogether clear, 
although it is a fact that his Federalism had been growing 
lukewarm. Republican votes helped reelect him as Speaker 
when the Third Congress was organized and he held the 
office for all but two of his eight years in Congress. 

As Speaker of the House, Frederick Muhlenberg was in 
the very thick of the affairs of the Washington administra- 
tion. Since this was a period of precedent-making, he, by 
his decisions, helped to establish the customs which since 
that time guided our National legislators. In 1796, as 
chairman of the House acting as a committee of the whole, 
he cast the deciding vote to refer again to the House the 
bill appropriating money for the ratification of Jay's 
Treaty. It was a courageous and statesmanlike act, but it 
cost him his jwpularity in Pennsylvania. 

As the Federalist candidate for Governor of Pennsyl- 
vania, he was badly beaten by Thomas McKean in 1793 
and overwhelmingly in 1796. 

With the passing of the years, he appears to have veered 
away from Hamiltonian Federalism toward Jeffersonian 
Democracy. In the election of 1800, when the Federalists 
for the first time lost control of the National Government, 
John Adams attributed it partly to the activities of Fred- 
erick Muhlenberg and his brother Peter. The vote of Penn- 
sylvania was close and Adams believed its defection from 
the Federalist ranks was due to these two men. 

Out of National politics, he returned to Pennsylvania 
where Governor Thomas Mifflin appointed him receiver- 
general of the Pennsylvania land office. He died in Lan- 
caster in 1801. 

A stalwart leader who had the courage to stand by his 
convictions, Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg 
brought a high standard of Christian ethics into American 
Government as the foundations for this Nature's future 
were established. 



10] 



H. Ray Haas and Company 




Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg 



IN the world of science the name of Muhlenberg is 
best known as that of an early American botanist, 
Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, third son of 
the patriarch and like his father and brothers a Lutheran 
clergyman. 

Henry E. Muhlenberg, as he is now usually known, 
devoted his life to the work of the Church, but his name 
has come down through the generations more as a nat- 
uralist and educator than as a preacher and theologian. 
Almost every work on the botany of North America men- 
tions his name on many pages as one who was able to name 
and describe a plant for the first time or in honor of whom 
a plant was named. 

Born at the family home at Trappe on November 17, 
1753, the youngest of the Muhlenberg boys was sent to 
Germany with his brothers at the age of ten to complete 
his formal education. There, awaiting the age at which 
he could enroll in the University of Halle, he spent six 
years at the Waisenhaus mastering languages. 

In 1770 he returned to Philadelphia and, though he was 
a stripling of seventeen, the members of the Lutheran 
Ministerium of Pennsylvania were so impressed by his 
scholarship and had such faith in the Muhlenberg name 
that they ordained him at Reading on October 25, 1770. 
His first few years in the ministry were spent as assistant 
to his father at Philadelphia, Barren Hill, and in the Rari- 
tan Valley of New Jersey. 

Called to the Philadelphia congregation as its third 
pastor in April 1774, he served there during the most 
troublesome years of the Revolution. During the War, 
because of the prominence of his brothers, he was con- 
stantly exposed to dangers and found it necessary to send 
his family to Trappe. He himself remained in Philadelphia 
until four days before the British occupation and then 
narrowly escaped death when, disguised as an Indian and 
carrying a rifle under his blanket, he was almost discovered 
by a Tory. After the British withdrawal in June, 1778, 
he returned to Philadelphia but resigned in April, 1779. 

After serving a country parish for a few months, pur- 
suant to a call he visited Lancaster on January 1, 1780 
and on March 9 of that year took charge of Trinity con- 
gregation, worshipping in the same lovely colonial church 
building that serves it today. It was during his pastorate 
there that the imposing 195 foot steeple was erected. 
Trinity Church histories tell of the extensive repairs and 
additions to the church building made under his direction. 
The Halle Reports tell of his spiritual successes, particu- 
larly concerning his catechumens. 

Dr. Muhlenberg, a profound scholar who could speak 



Latin, who was proficient in Greek and Hebrew, and who 
could preach in five modern tongues, ranked among the 
ablest theologians in the Lutheran Church in America. He 
served Trinity Church until his death on May 23, 1815. 
The Ministerium saw him active as its secretary for six 
terms and as president for eleven terms. 

Muhlenberg's botanical interest, he says, began while 
assistant to his father, but it did not take on its serious 
nature until his temporary exile in Trappe during the 
British occupation of Philadelphia. His interest lay pri- 
marily in the rather inconspicuous flowering plants and 
the lower forms, and in the economic and then important 
medicinal uses of plants. Grasses were his favorites. 

His botanical journeys were, for the most part, re- 
stricted to the vicinity of Lancaster county. On one occa- 
sion he was stopped by a robber who demanded his money. 
In return, Muhlenberg held forth his Bible assuring the 
robber that this was his most valued fwssession. "I sus- 
pected you were a priest and might have known you were 
too poor to own a cent !" was the reply. 

Gotthilf H. E. Muhlenberg 




The Freeman Dairy Company 



[H 



It was not long until Muhlenberg became acquainted 
with fellow naturalists. This began with a visit by Dr. 
Johann David Schoepf, a military surgeon of Hessian 
troops, who after the war made a tour of the eastern states 
in search of medicinal plants. The visit began an exchange 
of letters and materials with the eminent botanists of Ger- 
many, France, England, Sweden and America. Among 
them were most of the leading scientists of the day. 

Unfortunately, Muhlenberg received little credit for his 
assistance. During his visit Dr. Schoepf had been given the 
Muhlenberg notes on herbs, but in his North American 
Materia Medica, Schoepf fails to acknowledge this help. 
Similarly, upon examining Bigelow's Medical Botany, 
Muhlenberg could not help remarking to his son, "This 
gentleman has appropriated to himself all my explanations, 
without making any acknowledgement." 

In the precision and accuracy of his descriptions, his 
scrupulous regard for correct nomenclature, his aversion to 
splitting species into numerous varieties on the basis of 
minute variations, and his recognition of the necessity for 
collaborative effort in compiling a complete flora of North 
America, he was a true forerunner of Torrey and Gray. 

The Muhlenberg hibarium. Dr. Muhlenberg's collec- 
tion of pressed plants, was purchased by his friends and 
presented to the American Philosophical Society in 1818. 
It is now at the Academy of Natural Sciences at Philadel- 
phia where, in the words of the present curator, it is still 
of great value to botanists, is frequently referred to, and 
is one of the scientific treasures of America. 

In the present botanical manuals there are nearly one 
hundred plants named by Muhlenberg. About one-half of 
them are reeds and grasses. Another is the common pussy 
willow. Among the plants named in honor of him are a 
genus of grasses, a sedge, a knotweed, an oak, a centaury, 
a small willow, two lichens, two mosses, and a fungus. A 
turtle, Clemmys Muhlenbergii bears the common name, 
Muhlenberg's Turtle. The yellow oak, although rare, is 
a fitting monument to him. 

The contributions of this remarkable lay scientist, termed 
by his contemporaries as the American Linneaus, are well 
summarized by Dr. Schreber who wrote the following in 
naming a group of grasses "Muhlenbergia:" 

"The genus . . . has received its name . . . after my 
most revered friend. Dr. Henry Muhlenberg, evangelical 
minister at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and president of the 
German University there, also a member of many learried 
societies, who has, through the discovery of numerous new 
species and in other ways, rendered immortal service to 
the natural history of North America, and especially to 
the knowledge of the plants of Pennsylvania and the other 
United States." 

Many honors were conferred upon Muhlenberg, who 
never allowed his ministerial career and his parish work 
to suffer because of his interest in science. He was made 
a member of a number of learned and honorary groups, 
received the degree of master of arts from the University 
of Pennsylvania in 1780, and the degree of doctor of di- 
vinity from Princeton in 1787. 

Muhlenberg's interest in education is evidenced by his 
influence in the founding of Franklin College, one of the 
institutions that later was merged into Franklin and Mar- 
shall. He was the first president of Franklin College, 



referred to above by Dr. Schreber as "The German 
University." 

Concerning his personality there is a description by his 
son, presented by his greatgrandson. Dr. F. A. Muhlen- 
berg, first president of Muhlenberg College: 

He was "a person of medium stature, robust frame, and 
florid complexion. He frequently started on foot from 
Lancaster to Philadelphia, considering the walk as a 
trifling feat. His manners were easy and affable, but dig- 
nified. He was extremely fond of music and on several in- 
struments performed with skill." 

On July 26, 1774 he married Mary Catherine Hall of 
Philadelphia, who bore him four sons and four daughters. 

In spite of his physical strength and intellectual vigor, 
he was subject to a recurrent illness which finally caused 
his death. Attacks began at the age of thirty-three years 
and increased in intensity in subsequent years. 

On May 2Z, 1815 he told his son he felt another attack 
coming on. He braced himself against the stove and prayed, 
first for his congregation, then for his family, and last for 
himself. In the midst of his last prayer, he fell into the 
arms of his son and expired. 

Less colorful than his two older brothers, he stands today 
as a stalwart son of a revered and honored father, a faithful 
pastor who as he quietly labored in new fields brought 
honors to a name that remains one of the greatest in 
America's history. 

Trinity Church, Lancaster 




12] 



Jeddo-Highland Coal Company — H. N. Crowder, Jr. Company 




Muhlenberg College 



A LIVING memorial to the Muhlenberg family, 
Muhlenberg College stands today firmly rooted to 
the ideals for which Henry Melchior Muhlenberg 
and his three patriot sons fought as they helped lay the 
foundations for American freedom and democracy. 

In this College, located in the heart of the territory of 
the Lutheran Ministerium of Pennsylvania where the 
Patriarch Muhlenberg established the Lutheran Church 
on American soil, the forces of education for a century 
have been marshalled for service to God and Country. 

Today, as through its long history, Muhlenberg remains 
a Lutheran Church-supported College dedicated to train- 
ing young men for lives of service in all the professions and 
in business. It believes in the strong and broad preparation 
offered by the basic liberal arts curriculum adapted to 
meet the needs of the individual student. It subscribes to 
the philosophy of its first president, a great grandson of 
the patriarch, that no education is complete "unless it pre- 
pares a man to discharge all his duties properly in this 
world and qualifies him for the rewards and employments 
of eternity." 

Through the nearly one hundred years of its history as 
an academic institution, Muhlenberg College has main- 
tained the highest traditions and objectives of a church- 



related liberal arts college. Its aim has always been and 
is today to develop in each of its students a Christian per- 
sonality ; to provide each young man with the tools that 
are essential for the full enjoyment of life through the 
development of his abilities to serve and earn ; to enable 
him to appreciate and make complete use of opportunities 
that surround him on the campus and as a member of a 
larger society. 

The College, located in the residential section of Allen- 
town, Pennsylvania, some fifty miles from Philadelphia 
and ninety miles west of New York City, was founded in 
1848 as the AUentown Seminary, a co-educational institu- 
tion. It retained this name until 1864 when, by an Act of 
the Pennsylvania Legislature, it was incorporated with 
full collegiate powers under the name of the AUentown 
Collegiate Institute and Military Academy. 

It was not until 1867 that its control passed into the 
hands of the Lutheran Ministerium of Pennsylvania. At 
that time the charter was amended and the name changed 
to Muhlenberg College in honor of Henry Melchior 
Muhlenberg and his distinguished family. The Minis- 
terium elects eighteen of the College's thirty trustees, call- 
ing many prominent laymen and clergj'men to help direct 
its policies. 

Like the Lutheran Church, Muhlenberg has carefully 



In Residential Allentown — The Muhlenberg Colleoe Campus 




Mrs. J. S. Burkholder— Robert L. Burkholder 



[13 




Gideon F. Ecner Memorial Chapel 

erected its superstructure on foundations that were solidly 
laid by its pioneers — men with the vision and foresight and 
the consecrated zeal of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg. 

From its founding until the turn of the century, the 
College was content to occupy one building close to the 
center of the city. Its student body numbered less than 
one hundred men. Its faculty members were few. But it 
transmitted its strength and its character into its students 
and prepared them for useful service in the communities 
where they soon became leaders. 

Early in the twentieth centurj', development of a new 
campus was begun in what is now the 
heart of Allentown's choice residential 
section. Step-by-step the seventy-two 
acre campus was developed. New build- 
ings were erected and equipped as the 
College built to meet present and future 
needs. The student body grew steadily 
and is growing now toward the 600 
limit that has been fixed by the Board 
of Trustees. For the last few years 
Muhlenberg's annual registration has 
been between 525 and 550 men. 

The College plant includes a fine 
library building with a capacity for 
200,000 volumes; a modern and com- 
pletely equipped science building ; an 
administration building including of- 
fices and lecture rooms ; a stately 
Gothic chapel known as one of the 
most beautiful college chapels in Amer- 
ica; two dormitories, one of them de- 
voted exclusively to freshmen ; a dining 
hall ; and several residences. 



The Faculty numbers forty men — one for every fourteen 
students. Thev are men who are real teachers. 

Endowment funds total $1,000,000. 

Through the years its policies have been guided by such 
Christian educators and Lutheran stalwarts as Dr. Fred- 
erick Augustus Muhlenberg, its first president, who served 
from 1867 to 1876; Dr. Benjamin Sadtler, president from 
1876 to 1885; Dr. Theodore L. Seip, who served from 
1886 to 1903 ; Dr. John A. W. Haas, whose span of serv- 
ice extended from 1904 to 1936; and Dr. Levering Tyson, 
president since 1937. 

Muhlenberg is accredited by the highest agencies, in- 
cluding the Middle States Association of Colleges and the 
Association of American Universities. It is also a mem- 
ber of the Association of American Colleges. Thus, its 
graduates enter professional schools with the highest 
qualifications. 

Men who hold bachelor of arts, bachelor of science, and 
bachelor of philosophy degrees from Muhlenberg are to be 
found today at the top of every profession and in every 
field of business. 

Through the years the College has been more than a 
memorial to the Muhlenberg family. It has typified the 
ideals for which those Lutheran patriots fought in the 
early days of this Nation's history. 

It has taken its challenge from Henry Melchior Muhlen- 
berg, the preacher, missionary, and church executive ; from 
Major General John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, the 
clergyman who became a soldier and statesman when his 
Country called him to service as it struggled to maintain 
the ideals for which he and his church have always stood ; 
from Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg, clergy- 
man, statesman, and first Speaker of the United States 
House of Representatives; from Gotthilf Henry Ernst 
Muhlenberg, clergyman, distinguished botanist, and 
educator. 

This year Muhlenberg honors those whose name it bears 
and it reiterates its pledge to remain rooted to their faith, 
true to their ideals, loyal to the America they helped to 
build. 




Across the Campus 



14] 



The Allen Laundry — The Aldrich Pump Company 




A Challenge and a Pledge 



THE world today is in turmoil solely because cer- 
tain individuals have temporarily injected their 
powerful personalities on the thinking and living 
of millions of people. The character of these individuals is 
open to present appraisal. The final verdict will be written 
by history. The people who have been influenced by these 
personalities are the victims of an accumulation of sins of 
omission and of commission spread over many generations. 
From time to time the minor results of these sins, social and 
political, have caused eruptions of more or less serious pro- 
portions. Today, however, we see a volcanic burst of venom 
and hate and violence, pent up for centuries, sweeping the 
whole world like a grass fire. 

We know that the annals of mankind contain many in- 
stances of the achievements of other types of personalities 
who, less spectacular than those usurping the headlines of 
today, have in their quiet but effective way, advanced the 
human race and the cause of liberty of thought, work and 
worship. While history's finger writes, these heroes are 
unsung stalwarts, the sum total of whose efforts neverthe- 
less marks the real progress of mankind. If this were not so 
we would still be barbarians. Today's struggle is against a 
reversion to that very barbaric state. It is evidence of the 
gradual advancement of the race through the accomplish- 
ments of such pioneers. It is a gigantic global protest 
against evil. 

For this reason it is a privilege not usually accorded to 
one coterie of enthusiasts such as is our little academic circle 
to acclaim the work of the man for whom this College is 
named and to testify to our faith in what he and his dis- 
tinguished sons stood for in this community, in this com- 
monwealth, and in the country just being born when he 
and they began their fruitful labors. A great deal has been 
written and said about the Muhlenbergs and their work, 
and more, rather than less, will be said and written as 
modern research and historical perspective interprets what 
was done under their guidance and direction. But it is suf- 
ficient for us today that we can, with thankful hearts and 
unclouded minds, subscribe to and reaffirm, without any 
mental reservation whatsoever, the principles to which they 
devoted their lives and their sacred honor — principles 
which were as simple as they were axiomatic — love of 
Country and love of God. Their protest too was against 
evil and they believed in implementing it by organizing 
sound learning in the service of Church and Country. 

What a combination of power, consecration and sheer 
native ability was back of that protest ! The patriarch him- 



self was fired with religious zeal and he had a passion 
for sound learning. He transmitted these qualities to his 
sons and in turn each of them expanded into areas where 
eminent success was achieved long after he was gone — in 
science, statecraft and military prowess. In all these areas 
this country now needs leadership as never before in the 
history of the Republic the Muhlenbergs help>ed to 
establish. 

Fortunately for our citizenry the United States has 
never had to depend solely upon her military might. The 
record of our participation in war shows initial bungling 
and an abhorrence of those qualities which strict adherence 
to force as a means for the settlements of international 
dispute always engenders. Yet when the need for military 
genius has arisen some outstanding personality has emerged 
as a leader, someone imbued not only with the tactical 
requirements but with the spiritual qualities true and last- 
ing success demands. General Muhlenberg's early military 
career as part of a regiment representing the Euroi)ean 
tradition was distasteful to him, but he later gloried in 
the cause of the American colonies. If America was con- 
quered, would he be safe? Never. His "liberty was as dear 
to him as to any man." He would "sooner fight like a 
man than die like a dog." That breed of warrior wins not 
only battles — it wins causes. That type of soldier will have 
to be enrolled in large numbers in the armed forces of this 
country in the present war or the liberties the Muhlen- 
bergs won and established for us will disappear forever. 

So, Patriarch Muhlenberg and you, his distinguished 
sons, after two hundred years, scanning and appraising 
what you have meant to all of us and what your example 
has taught, we who vicariously proudly bear your name, 
reaffirm the faith you exemplified and solemnly promise 
to uphold the record written by you in letters of flaming 
fire, faith in the all-wise presence of Almighty God and 
the example of His Son, Jesus Christ, our Lord and Sa- 
viour; faith in His Church as an instrumentality to achieve 
His purpose on this earth; faith in simplicity and honest 
dealing as men consort with one another ; faith that right 
makes might; faith in the brotherhood of man and the 
sanctity of the individual personality; faith that eternal 
justice eventually will prevail over the forces of evil; faith 
that all things work together to do God's will. 

This Bicentennial pledge we offer to you on this solemn 
occasion with grateful hearts and thankful spirits. 

Levering Tyson 
President, Muhlenberg College 



The Kutztown Publishing Company 



[15 



A Distinguished Family 



THE fame of the first generation of Muhlenberg 
men is secure. Possessing in common a characteristic 
piety, an irrepressible versatility, and a well-de- 
veloped sense of leadership, they displayed their talents 
upon a large canvas of activities. As clergyman, soldier, 
statesman, scientist, or a combination of several of these, 
each helped mold and shape the American traditions of 
today. 

The passing of this generation did not mark the end of 
the influence of the family upon American life. The con- 
tinuity of outstanding service to God and Country has re- 
mained unbroken. Generation after generation has evi- 
denced in a marked degree the characteristics of their 
illustrious forebears. They have been doctors and lawyers, 
ministers, statesmen and educators. 

Henry Augustus Philip Muhlenberg, son of Gotthilf 
Henry Ernst Muhlenberg, as a clergyman, statesman and 
diplomat, carried the traditions of the first and second 
generations into the third. As a clergyman, his abilities 
were recognized by his elevation to the presidency of the 
Ministerium of Pennsylvania. His prestige among his 
fellow Pennsylvania Germans led to his election to Con- 
gress in 1829. Here the sturdy versatility so characteristic 
of the family was to serve him well. He easily acclimated 
himself to the political environment and became a recog- 
nized supporter of the Jackson forces. 

During the administration of Martin Van Buren, suc- 
cessor to Andrew Jackson as President of the United 
States, Muhlenberg was successively offered positions as 
Secretary of the Navy and Minister to Russia. Of modest 
means, he declined these honors fearing that the financial 
requirements involved would be too great a strain upon his 
resources. His colleagues, however, were determined that 
his abilities should be utilized as a representative of our 
country abroad. When, therefore, a few years later, it was 
decided to open a legation in Austria, Muhlenberg was 
again suggested for the post of minister. While he was 
still apprehensive because of the attendant financial com- 
mitments, he decided to yield to the wishes of the admin- 
istration. In 1838, therefore, he became the first minister 
representing the United States in Austria, a signal honor. 
Unfortunately, his fears regarding his inability to keep 
pace with the legation obligations proved only too real. 
Within two years, at his own request, he was recalled. 

His Pennsylvania constituents regarded his retirement 
from the foreign service as their opportunity to make use 
at home of his unusual talents. Thus in 1844 he was 
nominated for the governorship of the state. With the 
party solidly behind him, his election appeared to be a 
foregone conclusion. Unfortunately, during the campaign 
he suffered a stroke and died, bringing to a close a career 
paralleling in usefulness and service those of the founders 
of the line from which he sprang. 

The fourth generation exhibits the same resourcefulness 
and energy so profoundly evident among the earlier mem- 
bers of the family. William Augustus Muhlenberg, 



grandson of Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg, in 
common with his elders began his career as a clergyman. 
His work among his congregation developed in him an 
active interest in social rehabilitation. In an effort to pro- 
vide educational opportunities for those unable to afford 
the more exclusive facilities, he founded two schools, 
Flushing Institute and St. Paul's College. The latter, the 
more ambitious experiment of the two, was expected ulti- 
mately to absorb the former. Both institutions were situ- 
ated on Long Island and were organized in accordance 
with the advanced ideas upon education which were in- 
fluencing the course of instruction in the 1830s. However, 
because of circumstances beyond Muhlenberg's control, 
both were short-lived. Their influence remained, never- 
theless, for the methods which the founder developed in 
the organization and operation of the schools were copied 
widely in this period during which the outlines of our 
modern educational system were being formulated. Muhl- 
enberg was now deeply interested in the movements which 
were effecting the emancipation of the common man. 
Undismayed by the failure of his educational experiments, 
he turned to other pursuits of a similar nature. Altogether, 
his activities reflect to a remarkable degree the social forces 
which were so much a part of the period in which he lived. 

Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, a cousin of William 
Augustus Muhlenberg, and a grandson of Gotthilf Henry 
Ernst Muhlenberg, likewise carved an enduring niche in 
the annals of this period of our history. Possessing in 
generous share the vigor of mind and body and strong sense 
of service, the natural inheritance of the others of whom 
we have spoken, he contributed richly to the educational 
development of the state of Pennsylvania. 

Beginning his service as a clergyman, he was drawn into 
the educational world through public recognition of his 
talents as a teacher and administrator. Five colleges in 
Pennsylvania were to be influenced directly by his scholar- 
ship and administrative ability. As a teacher at Franklin 
College and at Pennsylvania College, he was instrumental 
in the merger that resulted in present-day Franklin and 
Marshall College at Lancaster, Pennsylvania. In 1867 he 
moved to Allentown where he became the first president 
of Muhlenberg College. Taking over the administrative 
reins of the institution at a time when it was entirely in 
an experimental stage, he nurtured its growth for nine 
years. When he resigned in 1876 the continuance of the 
College was virtually assured. Two other schools were 
benefited by his association with them, the University of 
Pennsylvania and Thiel College. As a teacher in the former 
and president of the latter, he rounded out an educational 
career rich in its contributions. 

These men, as has been suggested, had in common a 
characteristic piety, an irrepressible versatility, and a well- 
developed sense of leadership. As a result, they shared in 
many of the movements that were characteristic of the 
periods in which they lived, and exemplified, in no small 
degree, the prevailing historical currents of thought and 
action. 



16] 



Estate of Louis Willenbecher — Ruhe and Lange 




The Muhlenberg Women 



HISTORY has reserved a place for its heroic 
women, among them the wives and the daughters 
of the Muhlenbergs, the mothers of a continuing 
. line of teachers and preachers and statesmen and soldiers, 
a line of Americans who have placed the Muhlenberg fam- 
ily among the most illustrious in this Nation. 

It has noted the place of Anna Maria Weiser Muhlen- 
berg, wife of the patriarch and mother of his eleven chil- 
dren. To her fell the task of rearing to maturity four 
daughters and three sons as her distinguished husband went 
about the work that frequently kept him away from 
home for many weeks. As the daughter of John Conrad 
Weiser II, famous Indian agent of Pennsylvania, she was 
accustomed to the rigors and dangers of pioneer life and 
ready to share the hardships of an itinerant pioneer preacher 
such as Muhlenberg. 

Oldest of the four Muhlenberg daughters who grew to 
womanhood was Eve Elizabeth, their second child, born 
at Trappe sixteen months after her brother Peter. On 
September 23, 1766, she married the Reverend C. Em- 
manuel Schulze, one of her father's younger associates in 
the Lutheran ministry, who from 1770 until his death in 
1809 was pastor of Christ Church at Tulpehocken. Nine 
children and a long line of prominent citizens were de- 
scended from the union, among them John Andrew Mel- 
chior Schulze, a Lutheran clergyman who served in the 
Pennsylvania State Legislature and who twice was elected 
Governor of Pennsylvania. 

Fourth child of the patriarch was Margaretta Henrietta 
Muhlenberg, born at Trappe, September 17, 1751. Like 
her sister, she married one of her father's associates, the 
Reverend John Christopher Kunze, who had been educated 
at Halle with her two brothers. Dr. Kunze was pastor of 
Christ Church in New York, and a member of the faculty 
of King's College when it reopened as Columbia College 
(later Columbia University) in 1784. Only four of their 
ten children survived childhood. Among them was a daugh- 
ter, Margaretta Henrietta, who married Laurentius Henry 
von Post. From this line many notable New York families 
are descended. 

Mary Catherine Muhlenberg, the sixth child and the 
third daughter, was born November 4, 1775. She married 
Francis Swaine, a patriot who furnished clothing for the 
Pennsylvania troops in the War for Independence and 
who later became Sheriff of Montgomery County and first 
President of the Bank of Montgomery County. Their 



children died in infancy, with the exception of the eldest, 
who remained single. There are no descendants of this line. 

Youngest of the Muhlenberg children, Maria Salome 
Muhlenberg, was the helper and companion of her aging 
parents through the war years. She was married on May 8, 
1782 to Matthias Richards, nephew of the first Treasurer 
of the United States, and a justice of the peace in Berks 
county for six years. Her husband served as a member of 
Congress from 1807 to 1811 and was Collector of Reve- 
nues under President Madison. Their ninth child, the 
Reverend John William Richards, was the father of a 
family of distinguished church, military, and professional 
men. One of them, Mathias Henry Richards, a graduate 
of Gettysburg college and a soldier in the Civil War, be- 
came Professor of English at Muhlenberg College in 1868. 

In her last years, Maria Salome lived at Reading where 
her husband conducted a general store. Here she was a 
parishioner of her distinguished nephew, the Reverend 
Henry Augustus Muhlenberg, pastor of Trinity Lutheran 
Church and later United States Minister to Austria. Her 
kindliness and friendliness, the warmth of her personality, 
are characteristics of the other members of her family. 

Other lines of the distinguished family have come down 
through the three sons, all of whom married daughters of 
patriot families. Anna Barbara Meyer of Philadelphia 
became the wife of Major General John Peter Gabriel 
Muhlenberg, the mother of his four sons and two daugh- 
ters. Mary Catherine Hall of Philadelphia married Gott- 
hilf Henry Ernst Muhlenberg and was the mother of four 
sons and four daughters, one of them Henry Augustus 
Muhlenberg. Three sons and four daughters were born to 
Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg and his wife, the 
former Catherine Schaefer of Philadelphia. A grandson, 
William Augustus Muhlenberg, became the eminent leader 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church and was active some 
ninety years ago in the beginnings of the movement for 
Christian reunion which has resulted in the formation of 
the World Council of Churches. He was also one of the 
famous hymn writers of America. 

Through the years other illustrious Muhlenberg women, 
wives and daughters of a family honored through America, 
have worked at the sides of their husbands. Ofttlmes their 
own personalities, like those of their forebears who have 
taken their places in history, have been merged with those 
of their husbands. Personalities and ideals and charac- 
teristics of both have been transmitted to the strong and 
courageous generations that have followed them. 



Royal Manufacturing Company 



C17 



United States Bicentennial Commission 




^ FRANKLIN D, ROOSEVELT N 
fO New York <=^. 

( President of thft United States ) 



I /" BISHOP EDWIN HOLT HUGHES \ 
/° Washington. D. C. "S, 
V^ Methodist Church J 



6 



DR. FREDERICK H. KNUBEL 

New York 

President, United Lutheran Church 




I. CrEP-GUYL. MOSEr) ( DR. DANIEL POLING > /- 

gf Berks County J (^Philadelphia Baptist MinislerJ Qj 



REP. FRANCIS E. WALTER 
Northampton-Carbon-Monrofl. 



^ ("rep. CHARLES L. GERLACH ) CrEP. I, ROLAND KINZER} . 
pj i Lehigh-Bucks J ( Lancaster-Chester J ' 





18] 




Seventy-seventh Congress of the United States of America 

AT THE First Session 

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Friday, the third day of January, one thousand nine hundred 

and forty-one 



JOINT RESOLUTION 



Providing for the representation of the Government and people of the United States in the observ- 
ance of the two hundredth anniversary of the coming of Doctor Henry Melchior Muhlenberg to the 

American colonies. 



Whereas Muhlenberg College will hold celebrations dur- 
ing the year 1942 commemorating the two hundredth 
anniversary of the arrival in the American colonies of 
Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, patriarch of the Lutheran 
Church in America ; and 

Whereas the said Henry Melchior Muhlenberg was promi- 
nently identified with the early days of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania, having been active for many 
years in the Ministerium of Pennsylvania, mother synod 
of the Lutheran Church in America ; and 

Whereas the said Henry Melchior Muhlenberg was the 
father of Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, first Speaker 
of the House of Representatives, and of General John 
Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg, a friend of George Wash- 
ington and a member of his staff, famous for his action 
in having thrown off his clerical gown while delivering 
a sermon at Woodstock, Virginia, disclosing himself 
dressed in the uniform of an officer of the Continental 
Army making a remark to the effect that there was a 
time to pray and a time to fight ; and 

Whereas it is appropriate that the Government and the 
people of the United States should join with Muhlen- 
berg College in the celebrations commemorating the two- 
hundredth anniversary of the arrival in the American 
colonies of one so closely identified with the early days 
of the Republic: Therefore be it 

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled. That 
the Government and people of the United States unite 
with Muhlenberg College in a fitting and appropriate 
observance of the two-hundredth anniversary of the ar- 
rival in the American colonies of Henry Melchior 
Muhlenberg. 

Sec. 2. There is hereby established a commission to be 



known as the United States Muhlenberg Bicentennial 
Commission (hereinafter referred to as the Commission) 
to be composed of fifteen Commissioners, as follows : The 
President of the United States and four persons to be 
appointed by him, the President of the Senate and four 
Members of the Senate to be appointed by said President 
of the Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives and four Members of the House to be appointed by 
said Speaker. 

Sec. 3. The Commission, on behalf of the United 
States, shall cooperate with representatives of Muhlenberg 
College, extend appropriate courtesies to the delegates of 
foreign universities and other foreign learned bodies or 
individuals attending the celebrations commemorating such 
anniversary. 

Sec. 4. The members of the Commission shall serve 
without compensation and shall select a chairman from 
among their number, but the President of the United States 
shall be designated as the "honorary chairman" of the 
Commission. 

Sec 5. Any vacancies occurring in the membership of 
the Commission shall be filled in the same manner in which 
original appointments to such Commission are made. 

(Signed) Sam Rayburn 
Speaker of the 
House of Representatives 

(Signed) Carter Glass 

President of the Senate 
Pro Tempore 

Approved 
Aug. 16, 1941 

Franklin D. Roosevelt (Signed) 



Reuben J. Butz 



[19 




The Bicentennial Week 



Sunday, May 24 

FAITH OF OUR FATHERS' DAY 

7 :30 p. m. — Community Religious Rally, Muhlenberg 

Stadium. 

Address: Dr. E. P. Pfatteicher, 

President of the Lutheran Ministerium of Pennsylvania 

Dedication of the Muhlenberg Service Flag Honoring 

Men Now Serving in America's Armed Forces 

Monday, May 25— YOUTH DAY 
6:45 p.m. — Patriotic Music Festival, Muhlenberg Sta- 
dium. 4,000 Boys and Girls of the Allen- 
town Public Schools, under the direction 
of Miss Mildred Kemmerer. 
8 :45 p. m. — First Presentation of the Bicentennial Pag- 
eant, "For God and Country." 

Tuesday, May 26 
WOMEN'S DAY 
2:30 p.m. — Muhlenberg College Woman's Auxiliary, 
College Chapel. 
Address: Mrs. F. H. Knubel. 
6:30 p.m. — Muhlenberg Alumnae Dinner, College Com- 
mons. 
8 :00 p. m. — Patriotic Rally, Muhlenberg Field. 

Speaker: Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt. 
8 :45 p. m. — Bicentennial Pageant, 'Tor God and 
Country." 

Wednesday, May 27 
CITY OF ALLENTOWN DAY 
8 :30 p. m. — Remarks : Mayor George F. Erich, Mayor 
of the City of Allentown. 
Address: Judge Richard W. Iobst, Presi- 
dent Judge of the Lehigh County Courts. 
8 :45 p. m. — Bicentennial Pageant, 'Tor God and 
Country." 

Thursday, May 28 
BROTHERHOOD DAY 
7:00 p.m. — Unveiling of the Statue of Major General 
John Peter Gabriel Muhlenberg in Front 
of Library Building. 
Address : 
Lieutenant Colonel Frederick A. Muhlenberg 
Presentation of the Roll of Honor of Muhlen- 
berg Men now in their Country's Armed 
Forces. 



Address: William S. Hudders '26 
8 :45 p. m. — Bicentennial Pageant, "For God 
Country." 



AND 



Friday, May 29 
ALUMNI DAY 
10:00 a. m. — Junior Oratorical Contest, West Hall Audi- 
torium. 
4:00 p.m. — Senior Class Day, Muhlenberg Stadium. 
6 :30 p. m. — Joint Reunion Dinner for Alumni, Campus 
Tent. 
Speakers: Dr. John D. M. Brown '06 
Senator James J. Davis 
8:45 p.m. — Bicentennial Pageant, "For God and 
Country." 

Saturday, May 30 
NATIONAL DAY 
7 :00 p. m. — National Day Program of the Bicentennial 
Week. 
Speakers: The Honorable Sam Ray- 
burn, Speaker of the United States 
House of Representatives; The Honor- 
able Prentice Cooper, Governor of 
Tennessee. 
Introduction: The United States 
Muhlenberg Bicentennial Com- 
mission. 
8 :45 p. m. — Bicentennial Pageant, "For God and 
Country." 

Sunday, May 31— BACCALAUREATE DAY 
3 :30 p. m. — Baccalaureate Service, Gideon F. Egner 
Memorial Chapel. 
Sermon: Dr. Paul E. Scherer, Pastor, 
The Evangelical Lutheran Church of the 
Holy Trinity, New York City. 
Dedication of the Oscar F. Bernheim Win- 
dow. 

Monday, June 1 
COMMENCEMENT DAY 
10:00 a.m. — 75th Commencement of Muhlenberg Col- 
lege. 
Speaker: Sir Angus Fletcher, British 
Statesman and Man of Letters. 



Portraits of the members of the Muhlenberg family and scores of items from their pioneer homes are on display 
through the Bicentennial Week in the Muhlenberg Library through the cooperation of their descendants and several 
historical groups. 

Campus visitors are also invited to tour the College buildings where special displays have been arranged to show the 
scope of the educational work of this institution, a memorial to the Muhlenbergs. 



20] 



General Paving Company 




FOR GOD AND COUNTRY 

The Muhlenberg Bicentennial Pageant 



Written by John D. M. Brown '06 Litt.D. 
A John B. Rogers Production 

Business Direction, William Munsy 

Staged by William Marlatt 

Assistant Directors, Andrew H. Erskine, Robert E. Albee '42 

Musical Director, Harold K. Marks '07 Mus.D. 

The Chronicler — Karl Hinnerscheetz 



Chorales played by The Bach Trombone Choir of Bethlehem, Pa. 



George Sigley, leader 
Earl Bruch 
Grant Cressman 
Bernard Beitel 



James R. Ahearn '45 
Robert M. Bauers '43 
Willard Christman '42 
John W. Dowler '45 
Howard E. Funk '44 
Arthur L. Getz '45 
Martin Rothenberger '42 
C. Wilfred Steffy '42 
Robert Wuchter '42 
Lowell P. Yund '44 



Lester C. Bailey 
Horace O. Beebe 
Russell H. Best 
Clinton B. Bodine 
John F. Brader 
Arthur E. Carter 
Herbert F. Conrad 
Clarence A. Conrad 
William H. Givler 
H. G. Grim 



Frederick Sawyer 
William Miller 
Spurgeon Sigley 



Richmond Myers 
Samuel Gapp 
Fred Mease 



THE PAGEANT CHOIR 
Muhlenberg College Chapel Choir 



Richard Hoffert '44 
Maurice J. Hart '43 
Warren S. Harding '43 
Frederick A. Heuer '44 
Robert G. Holben '42 
Robert H. Kichline '45 
John L. Smale '42 
Jacob J. Schofer '45 
Glen H. Wampole '44 



Bennett H. Kindt '42 
Ervin R. Kishbaugh '44 
Donald Larrimer '44 
Harland G. Leeland '45 
Ivan G. Mattern '44 
Edward F. Muller '45 
William Stults '43 
Dean E. Tyson '45 
Gerald P. Wert '42 



BICENTENNIAL MALE CHORUS 
(Including the Lehigh Consistory Chorus) 

Herbert F. Gernert '05 Thomas Schrader 

Herbert W. Guth Henry L. Shelly 

A. E. lander Edward L. Shover 

Owen J. Jones Guy J. Smoyer 

George R. Kimmel H. Lloyd Swavely 

John Kline Andrew Tallman 

Clarence Metzger Walter Unangst 

Raymond Miller A. F. Wagaman 

Allen G. Rauch F. R. Warmkessel 

MUSIC BY THE CHOIRS 



Matthew Morris 
Ellwood Miller 
Harry Miller 
Irwin Cressman 



LeRoy Ziegenfuss '44 
Arnold Petry '44 
H. E. Pfeifer '43 
Elwood W. Reitz '42 
Lester Stoneback '43 
Vern E. Snyder '42 
Alvin Shiffer '43 
Edwin E. Wisser '42 
David P. Weber '45 
Daniel Zimmerman '43 



Edgar W. Weaver 
Myron R. Wehr 
H. Elmer Weidner 
George W. Wing 
Robert Yeomans 
G. Donald Marks '15 
William Miller 
Richard Miller '36 
Russell Beazley '34 
G. LeRoy Faust 



Chorales 

Fathers of the Church, O hear us Words by Dr. J. D. M. Brown '06, Tune — Storl 

If Thou But Suffer God to Guide Thee 
Now Thank We All Our God 
O Morning Star, How Fair and Bright 
Come, Holy Spirit, God and Lord 

Dawn and Desire 



Sing Praise to God Who Reigns Above 
All Glory Be to God on High 
Lord Keep Us Steadfast in Thy Word 
A Mighty Fortress is Our God 



Words by Arthur Freitag, '21, Music by H. K. Marks '07 

VOICES OF PERSONAGES IN THE PAGEANT 



DR. FRANCKE Edwin Wisser '42 

HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

John Metzger '42 and Robert E. Albee '42 

MRS. FRANCKE Mrs. Thomas A. Jacks 

MAID Mrs. Edward J. Fiuck 

DR. ZIEGENHAGEN Robert E. Albee '42 

CAPTAIN McCLELLAN H. Edmund Pfeifer '43 

SAILOR Robert Wuchter '42 

LAWYER Professor Truman Koehler '24 

INNKEEPER Robert Holben '42 

PHILIP BRANDT Robert Wuchter '42 



ELDER Robert E. Albee '42 

JUDGE ALLEN Robert Holben '42 

PETER MUHLENBERG Edwin Wisser '42 

FREDERICK MUHLENBERG H. Edmund Pfeifer '43 

GEORGE WASHINGTON Paul Candalino '43 

ROBERT WRIGHT Edwin Wisser '42 

PRESIDENT MUHLENBERG Robert Holben '42 

MRS. HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

Mrs. Truman Koehler 
VOICE FROM THE ATTACKING SHIP 

Robert Wuchter '42 



Americus Hotel 



[21 



FOR GOD AND COUNTRY 

PROLOGUE 

SCENE ONE 

Luther at Wittenberg 

Martin Luther in the garb of an Augustinian monk nails his famous theses upon the oaken door of the Castle Church 
at Wittenberg, October 31, 1517. 

MARTIN LUTHER The Reverend Conrad Wilker, D.D. 



SCENE TWO 
Luther at the Diet of Worms 

Martin Luther makes his heroic stand for freedom of conscience and for liberty before Emperor Charles V at Worms. 
The bishop's palace is thronged with representatives of Church and Empire. April 18, 1521. 



MARTIN LUTHER The Reverend Conrad Wilker, D.D. 

EMPEROR CHARLES V Earle Swank '43 

JOHANN VON ECK Myron Kabo '42 

FATHER GLAPION Charles Hlavac '45 

ALEANDER, PAPAL NUNTIUS Harold Benjamin '42 

GATTINARA, IMPERIAL CHANCELLOR 

William Hough '44 
ARMSDORF, IMPERIAL CHAMBERLAIN 

George Berghorn '42 

ELECTOR RICHARD OF TRIER Richard Baureithel '43 

BISHOP OF AUGSBURG Kenneth Walker '43 

BISHOP OF BRANDENBURG Robert Frey '45 

ARCHBISHOP ALBRECHT OF MAINZ ... Charles Keira '42 
IMPERIAL HERALD Creighton Faust '43 



ULRICH VON PAPPENHEIM John More '45 

GEORG VON FREUNDSBURG Paul Arner '43 

DR. HIERONYMUS SCHURF Arthur DiMartini '45 

GEORG SPALATIN George Woodley '44 

DUKE ERICH OF BRAUNSCHWEIG Ray Schmoyer '42 

MARGRAVE JOACHIM OF BRANDENBURG 

Richard Zellers '43 

LANDGRAVE PHILIP OF HESSE Arlan Bond '42 

DUKE GEORG OF SAXONY David Jaxheimer '44 

FRIEDRICH VON THUN Donald Martin '44 

DUKE GEORG OF WERTHEIM Richard Betz '42 

JUSTUS JONAS Spiro Chiaparas '42 

DR. HIERONYMUS VEHUS Earl Repp '44 



SCENE THREE 

Devast.ation of the Rhine Valley 

Soldiers of the armies of Louis XIV drive helpless, terrified Rhenish Palatinate peasants from their burning homes 
and villages. The flames of conflagrations light the sky with a lurid red. Late Seventeenth Century. 

Phyllis Rose, Marie Mertz, Betty Miller, Dorothy Nadig, 
Georgia Callahan, Phyllis Bauer, Ruth Bridwell, Joan Feukan, 
Annemae Erney, Marian Weldner, Muriel Oherson, May 
Sterner, Clarice Hamilton, Geraldine Pellettieri, Dorothy 
Sanders, Adele Joseph, Jeanne Laubach, Ruth Fellencer, June 
A. Urffer, Frances Adams, Ann Rosenau, Vivian Cass, Joan 
Casteline, Ann Villard, Mary Laudenslager, Jean Kulp, Claire 
Lunda, Dorothy Wilmer, Patricia Crawford, Miriam Howet, 
Patricia Herrity, Doris Drommes, Marjorie Haaf, Emma Jane 
Bray, Anne Popek, Dorothy Ross, Joy Barter, Justine Mc- 
Candless, Edna Siegfried, Constance Reichard, Alma Kerstet- 
ter, Helen Moore, Doris Kutz, Helen Beer, Jean Litts, Emma 
Dalmas, Thelma Eberly, Jean Mulhern, Margaret Schuler, 
Madlyn Leibensperger, Elsie Chondor, Esther Perin, Miriam 
Hersh, Doris Johnson, Shirley Wessner, Betty Quinn, Betty 
Apgar, Barbara Hineline, Rovine Bretz, Bettie Moyer, Janice 
Glose, Warren M. Wenner II, James Lester, Harry Swoper, 
Claude Baum, Althea Werner, Dorothy Frankenfield, Frances 
Bachert, Joe Hacker, Joe Kmetz, Joe lacocca. 



FRENCH OFFICER George Schmidt '45 

FRENCH SOLDIERS— Howard Baily '44, Edward Bossick '43, 
Ben Celian '44, Frank Zindel '44, Joseph Windish '43, Henry 
Wetherhold '45. 
PEASANTS — William Kanehann, Charles Quinn, Lido lacocca, 
Nathan Kline, David Hacket, Jr., William HoUenbach, Charles 
McGee, Louis E. Krieg, Jr., George Selfries, Jr., William J. 
Speer, Robert C. Neubauer, Edward Fritchman, Luther Frantz, 
Robert H. Vogel, Herbert Gernert, Dick Heller, Gordon 
Miller, John Reagen, James C. Eisele, Al Jenkins, Norman 
Ensrud, Floyd Moschini, William Bright, George Rutt, Theo- 
dore Uhle, Walter Ungerer, Richard Funk, Paul R. Buehler, 
Stanley Watson, Fred Hacket, George Gutekunst, Richard 
Tallinger, Sylvia Garfinkel, Marjorie Flohr, Florence Baize, 
Mary Ellen Belles, Joann Garland, Joyce Peck, Madeline 
Neil, Alice Tallmadge, Helen Hess, Mary Jane Heckman, 
Edith Siegel, Betty Andreas, Dawn Goheen, Grace Bader, 
Leah Williams, Anne Brown, Henrietta Miller, Ruth Reinoehl, 
Violet Nabhan, Samila Joseph, Ruth Hiller, Pat Callisto, 
Margaret Becker, Dottie Wint, Kay Ritter, Bette Lenhart, 



SCENE FOUR 
Penn's Treaty with the Indians 

Against the background of deep forests, William Penn makes his celebrated treaty with the Indians at Philadelphia. 
This treaty of peace and friendship contrasts with the preceding scene of warfare and hatred. Autumn 1682. 



WILLIAM PENN The Reverend Corson C. Snyder '17 

CHIEF SACHEM TAMINEND Harry Becker '43 

CHIEF OF MINGOES Edgar Brown '43 

CHIEF OF SHAWNEES Paul Gebert '45 

QUAKERS 

JAMES PRICE Hugh McGee '45 

JAMES LOGAN Ellis Johnson '43 

THOMAS HOLMES David Barbieri '44 

THOMAS STORY Thompson Ferrier '44 



THOMAS LLOYD Daniel Prescott '44 

WILLIAM MARKHAM Robert Gilbert '44 

CHRISTOPHER TAYLOR Milton Donin '42 

WARRIORS — George Hawkins '42, Berton Sexton '42, Denny 
Beattie '43, Robert Kroll '44, LeRoy Ziegenfuss '44, William 
Van Ness '42, Calvin Loew '43, Frank Newman '43, Thomai 
Miller '45, James Major '44, Charles Goodall '44, Walter 
Menzel '44, Allan Stead '44, Henry Wacker '42, William 
A. Smith '45. 



22] 



Louis F. Neuweiler's Sons — Mack Manufacturing Corporation 



SCENE FIVE 

Palatinate Refugees Come to Pennsylvania 

Driven from their homes by European Wars and Persecution, a long procession of men, women, and children in 
peasant attire, passes slowly through the dense forests of Pennsylvania. They are Lutheran refugees from the Palatinate 
seeking peace and freedom in William Penn's fields and woodlands. Early Eighteenth Century. 

PEASANTS OF SCENE THREE 

THE PAGEANT 

EPISODE ONE 

The Great Decision 

September 6, MM— Halle 

A scene in the home of The Reverend Doctor Gotthilf August Francke, Senior Professor of the Theological Faculty 
at Halle, and Director of the Orphan House. Doctor and Mrs. Francke greet Henry Melchior Muhlenberg as their guest 
on his thirtieth birthday. The cause of American Missions is presented to the young preacher. He makes his great decision 
to go to Pennsylvania to serve as Halle's Missionary to the scattered Lutheran Colonists. 

DOCTOR FRANCKE Harold Helfrich, Jr. '44 MAID Mrs. Ira F. Zartman 

MRS. FRANCKE Mrs. Truman Koehler HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 

EPISODE TWO 

The Great Commission 

May 24, \U2— London 

In the residence of the Lutheran Court Preacher of George II, the distinguished Doctor Ziegenhagen, Muhlenberg 
receives his formal call to the three united Evangelical Lutheran Congregations in Philadelphia, New Hanover, and New 
Providence. Doctor Ziegenhagen takes passage for him on the Georgia Packet Boat, bound for Charleston under convoy 
of an English man-of-war, since England is at war with Spain. 

DOCTOR ZIEGENHAGEN Raymond Fetter '42 HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 

EPISODE THREE 

Through Perils on the Sea 

July, 1 742 — On Board a Small Two-Masted Vessel 

Passengers and crew of the Georgia Packet Boat, a small brigantine armed merchantman, prepare to defend their ship 
against Spanish privateers. Muhlenberg displays great bravery and calmness in the hour of peril, and shows his ability to face 
a dangerous situation with courage and faith in God. 

HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG THEIR CHILDREN— William Zartman, Rhea Joy Koehler, 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 Truman Koehler, Jr. 

CAPTAIN McCLELLAN Frederick Roediger '43 CUSTOMS OFFICER John Dietterle '45 

SSITA^" i'^^F^^^'^ '^'""'" Leopold '43 LAWYER Wilmer Cressman '42 



DRUMMER BOY Robert Cox '45 

SPANISH COOK James Keiter '43 

BOATSWAIN Bertram Gilbert '43 



FOUR TAILORS— Harold Knauss '42, Paul Kemmerer '42, 
Thomas Meredith '42, Kirk Odencrantz '43. 



SAILORS-George Sweda '43, John Bisset '42, Al. Zuzzio '44, MERCHANT Charles Woodworth 44 

Richard Geissler '45, B. Krimmel '43, William Richards '44, YOUNG MAN Rodney Arner 44 

R. Krimmel '44, Charles Burrell '43. AN ENGLISH LADY Mrs. Edward J. Fluck 

SALZBURG PEASANTS Doctor and Mrs. H. H. Reichard HER MAID Mrs. Ira F. Zartmao 

EPISODE FOUR 

Landing in America 

September 23, MM— On the Wharf at Charles Town 

Muhlenberg sets foot at last on American soil. He meets some of his countrymen who lament the lack of services in 
their own language. He also sees for the first time negro slaves, and expresses his concern for those Christians who bring 
their fellowmen into bondage. 

HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG ENGLISH SOLDIERS— John Elliot '43, Howard Yarns '43 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 NEGRO SLAVES— Herbert Lindsay, Samuel Brantley 

^"^^M^^fr^"" ^^"''="'' '+'• Frederick Johnson '44, Lee ENGLISH MERCHANT Charles Woodworth '44 

Miller 44 

ENGLISH SAILORS— Lee Van Horn '43, Robert E. Neu- 



CAPTAIN CHILD George Rizos '44 



meyer '42 PASSENGERS AND SAILORS OF EPISODE THREE 

The Allentoiun Dairy Company — Sears, Roebuck and Company 



[23 



EPISODE FIVE 

Pastor in Pennsylvania 

Scene 1 : Within an English Inn in Philadelphia . . . November 25, 1742 

Muhlenberg arrives as a stranger in the city of Philadelphia. He inquires of the innkeeper the location of two of his 
congregations, New Hanover and New Providence, and is directed to these places by a Lutheran from that part of the 
country, who is in the inn at that time. 

INNKEEPER Donald Watkins '44 CITIZENS— Harold Knauss '42, Pern Anthony '44, William 

PHILLIP BRANDT Louis Steinbach '45 Bradley '42, Erwin Funk '45, Harold Stout '45, Paul Stein- 

HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG k „ '/t 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 "^ ' 

EPISODE FIVE 

Scene 2: Interior of the Log Church at "The Swamp," New Hanover. 

Muhlenberg speaks to the congregation at New Hanover, and administers The Lord's Supper to many communicants 
at Christmas. The Elders and Deacons of New Hanover and New Providence congregations accept Muhlenberg as their 
pastor; an Elder reads the document acknowledging the obligations of the congregations to their new minister. Members 
of the congregation greet the new pastor with the right hand of fellowship. December 25, 1742. 

The pewter communion service used in the Pageant has been lent by Western Salisbury (Jerusalem) Church, organized 1741. 

HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG WOMEN OF THE CONGREGATION— Mrs. Vernon Hen- 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 ninger, Mrs. Clarence Gilbert, Mrs. Bertha A. Bickel, Mrs. 

PHILLIP BRANDT Louis Steinbach '45 Charles S. Troxell, Mrs. Robert R. Fritsch, Mrs. Hiram K. 

V i^i'lv^JiPir ^E^^?S^~ p * T TT ui .,i Singer, Mrs. Carrie E. Parnell, Mrs. Stanley Kramer, Mrs. 

V.^LENTINE GEIGER Professor Truman Koehler 24 u C 1 a i- u »« r. i u n r n »« ur r^ 

CHRISTOPHER WITHMAN H. Hemphill '45 ""!'"' '\/"!!"j '^'!- ^^'P'' ^.'/^"i^""' ^rs Warren C. 

MATTHIAS RINGER Samuel Jaxheimer '43 Hemley, Mrs. Robert A. Boyer, Miss Florence Wenner, Mrs. 

PETER CONRAD Warren Bieber '44 Edward G. Fluck, Miss Salome Dillinger, Mrs. E. B. Everitt, 

J.ACOB .AISTER Dean Robert C. Horn '00 Miss Aline Dillinger, Mrs. John D. M. Brown, Mrs. John 

MARTIN KEBLINGER W. A. Hardy '45 V. Shankweiler, Mrs. Walter H. Gross, Mrs. Preston F. 

GEORGE JURGER Harold Humphrey '43 Everett, Mrs. George H. Brandes, Miss Annette R. Austin, 

JOHN NICOL. GROESSMAN Paul Himmelberger '45 ^^^ Russell W. Stine, Mrs. Stanley L. Harter, Mrs. Samuel 

^^^^^ul^^^^^^'^^^^^^ IK . k'";^/'"''' '11 Duld, Miss Mary A. Funk, Mrs. William G. Vogel, Mrs. 

JOHN BEUTER John Schmitthenner '42 „• t t u \/i tu u ait u c \^ \t i 

NICHOLAUS BITTEL Joseph Schlegel '42 Victor L. Johnson, Mrs. Thomas H. Weaber, Sr., Mrs. V. J. 

GEORGE GROESSMAN Donald Kaag '44 Dion. 

JACOB MILLER Henry Harner '44 CHILDREN OF THE CONGREGATION— Rhea Joy Koehler, 

JOHN GEORGE GROESSMAN G. Weir Cressman '42 Truman Koehler, Jr., Dorothy Stine, William Zartman, Grace 

FRIEDERICH REICHERT Dr. Harry H. Reichard E. Shankweiler, Bruce E. Shankweiler. 

EPISODE SIX 

Frontier Missionary: 1743 

Scene 1 : Muhlenberg rides through the wilderness of Pennsylvania to bring God's Word and Sacraments to scattered 

congregations, and to families along the wide frontier. 
Scene 2: Conrad Weiser and his four sons, with Indian Chiefs and braves, greet Muhlenberg, the frontier missionary, in 
a clearing in the forest primeval of Pennsylvania near the Tulpehocken. Muhlenberg is given a name of honor by the 

Indian chief. 

CONRAD WEISER— The Reverend Conrad Weiser Raker '34 CONRAD WEISER'S SONS— 

(great-great-great grandson of Conrad Weiser). ^^^ick ::-:::=:::::::::. ^^nai^l^t^ 'II 

HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG PETER Paul Corbiere 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 SAMUEL William Zartman 

INDIANS OF SCENE FOUR OF THE PROLOGUE 

Scene 3: Interior of a frontier home along the Tulpehocken. Muhlenberg weds Anna Maria Weiser. April 22, 1745. 
Brunnholz and Schaum, newly-arrived co-workers from Halle, are witnesses to this marriage ceremony. 

MRS. CONRAD WEISER Mrs. Preston A. Barba PASTOR PETER BRUNNHOLZ Eric Walter '43 

ANNA MARIA WEISER Stella Boyko JOHN SCHAUM Hugh Brown '42 

MARGARET WEISER Betty Stine MUHLENBERG, CONRAD WEISER AND HIS SONS, FROM 

PASTOR TOBIAS WAGNER Kenneth Maurer '42 SCENE 2. 

EPISODE SEVEN 

Consecration of Trappe Church 

October 6, 1745 — Trappe, Pennsylvania {New Providence) 

With impressive ceremonies, Augustus Church, the new stone sanctuary at Trappe, is dedicated by Muhlenberg and 
his associates. This permanent church stands as the first fruits of the patriarch's labors in the American vineyard. 

24] 



HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 

PASTOR LAWRENCE T. NYBERG Jack SnauflFer '43 

PASTOR JOHN SCHAUM Hugh Brown '42 

PASTOR PETER BRUNNHOLZ Eric Walter '43 

PASTOR TOBIAS WAGNER Kenneth Maurer '42 

PHILLIP BRANDT Louis Steinbach '45 

DEACONS AND ELDERS FROM EPISODE FIVE, SCENE 2. 
WOMEN OF THE CONGREGATION FROM EPISODE 
FIVE, SCENE 2. 



MEMBERS OF THE CONGREGATIONS AT TRAPPE AND 
NEW HANOVER: 

ADAM WARTMAN Warren Mohr, Jr. '45 

JACOB EPLER Robert OhI '45 

ABRAHAM WARTMAN Donald S. Holmes '45 

HANS ROTHERMEL Charles Huber '44 

JOHANNES APPEL Harold Stewart '44 

HENRY PENNEBACKER William Barba '44 

KILIAN KATIE Nadis Kershner '42 



EPISODE EIGHT 

Organization of the Ministerium 

August 14, 1748 — St. Michael's Church, Philadelphia 

Pastors and delegates of the congregations in Pennsylvania and elsewhere meet in St. Michael's Church to consecrate 
this House of God, and to organize the first synod of the Lutheran Church in America. John Kurtz is ordained to the 
office of the Holy Ministry by the laying on of hands of the officiating clergymen. 

HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG Fluck '45; ANDREAS KEPNER (New Hanover), Wesley 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 Jones; HEINRICH RITTER (Upper Milford), Donald 

JOHN KURTZ Jack High '42 Lindenmuth; BALTHES BEIL (Saccum), Beverly Keller; 

SWEDISH PROVOST JOHN SANDIN .... Norman Keller '42 ANDREAS BEYER (North Kill), Francis A. Boyer '44; 

PASTOR JOHN HARTWIG Lee Snyder '42 ABRAHAM LAUCK (Tulpehocken), Leonard W. Wether- 

PASTOR JOHN F. HANDSCHUCH Paul Kidd '42 hold '42; JACOB LEITNER (Earltown: New Holland), 

MAGISTER GABRIEL NASEMAN Eugene Kutz '43 Kenneth Heberling '45 ; CHRISTOPHER TRENKEL (Lan- 

PASTOR PETER BRUNNHOLZ Eric Walter '43 caster), Edward Halperin '45; JOHN GROTHAUSEN 

DELEGATES FROM TEN CONGREGATIONS: (Germantown), Roger M. Voipe '45 ; JOHN SCHWINGEL 

FREDERICK MARSTELLER (New Providence), Louis (Philadelphia), Joseph A. Peters '44. 



EPISODE NINE 

Sending His Sons to Halle 

April 27, 1763 

In front of the parsonage in Philadelphia, Muhlenberg entrusts his three young sons to the care of Chief Justice Wil- 
liam Allen on their journey to Halle by way of London. After a farewell admonition from their father and a blessing by 
a family friend, Provost Wrangel, Peter, Frederick, and Henry bid farewell to their sisters, Eve, Margaret, and Mary. 
rheir mother accompanies them to the boat. (Allentown is nimed for Judge Allen who lived in Trout Hall.) 



HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 

JUDGE WILLIAM ALLEN Luther Bachman '28 

PROVOST CHARLES MAGNUS WRANGEL 

Herbert Dowd '43 

MAN SERVANT Bernard Neumeyer '43 

PETER MUHLENBERG, AGE 16 William E. Young '45 



FREDERICK MUHLENBERG, AGE 13 

Bruce E. Shankweiler 
HENRY ERNST MUHLENBERG, AGE 9 .. James E. Swain, Jr. 

MRS. HENRY MUHLENBERG Mrs. James E. Swain 

EVE MUHLENBERG, AGE 15 Marjorie Haaf 

MARGARET MUHLENBERG, AGE 12 Marion Weldner 

MARY MUHLENBERG, AGE 7 Jan Converse 



EPISODE TEN 

Crowning the Work in Philadelphia 

June 25, 1769 

The dedication of Zion's Church, largest church building in America. A solemn procession of deacons and elders, dele- 
gates and ministers enters the sanctuary accompanied by the governor and his staff, the University Provost and faculty, 
visiting clergymen, physicians and justices. Muhlenberg on this festive occasion addresses "the worshipful convention." 

LUTHERAN MINISTERS: Menzel '44; JOHANNES BIGLER, Walter A. Feller '44. 

HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG (Philadelphia), Earle REFORMED CHURCH VESTRYMEN— J. R. Plotnick '43, 

H. Weinsheimer '19; CHRISTOPHER E. SCHULTZE William Beisel '45. 

(Philadelphia), William Muehlhauser '43; JOHN LUD- DEPUTY GOVERNOR JAMES HAMILTON 

WIG VOIGHT (New Hanover & Providence), Ray Turner Donald Mack '44 

'42; JACOB BUSCHKIRCH (Germantown), Robert Town- PROVOST OF THE UNIVERSITY WILLIAM SMITH 

send '44; JOHN A. KRUG (Reading), Harold Schmoyer Harry Grace '45 

'42; JUSTUS C. HELMUTH (Lancaster), James Duflfy MEMBERS OF THE FACULTY: 

'44; JOHN CASPER STOEVER (Lebanon), Ernest Fel- WILLIAM SHIPPEN, JR Eugene Kertis '44 

lows '42; JOHN KURTZ (Tulpehocken), Jack High '42; JACOB DUCHE Robert Burkart '43 

WILLIAM KURTZ (Earltown: New Holland), H. Stanley JAMES WILSON Arthur Damask '45 

Kramer '45; AUGUSTUS F. KUHN (New York), William JOHN MORGAN Charles Simpson '44 

Schneller '42. PRESBYTERIAN MINISTERS 

DELEGATES FROM EPISODE EIGHT Murray Kahn '45, Jack Kistenmacher '45 

DEACONS AND ELDERS OF ZION'S LUTHERAN ENGLISH CHURCHMEN— Malcolm Albright '43, Clarence 

CHURCH: Kiernan '42, Linford Stever '42, Maurice Horn '44. 

FREDERICK KUHL, Walter Stolz '43; GEORGE D. PHYSICIANS Albert J. Weiss '42, William Walters '42 

SECKEL, Robert Stahl '44; MARTIN RAU, Walter E. JUSTICES Donald Bistritz '43, Donald Kuhnsman '42 



[25 



CONGREGATION— Mrs. Donald Wilber, Mrs. Julianna Eck- 
ert. Miss Stella Brown, Miss Althea Kulp, Mrs. Telford Horn, 
Miss Margaret L. Stewart, Miss Alma Sechrist, Miss Beatrice 
Cortwright, Miss Grace Metzler, Miss Pauline Lutz, Mrs. 
Mamie Clauser, Miss Ruth Wertman, Mrs. Miriam Rabenold, 
Mrs. Ada Sensenbach, Mrs. W. J. Miller, Miss Ruth B. Keny- 



on, Miss Isabel Brearley, Miss Rachael Aaron, Mrs. Corinne 
Best, Mrs. Jacob G. Ortt, Miss Marion Ruth, Miss Penelope 
Jones, Wesley Jones, Beverley Keller, Kenneth Heberling, 
Joseph Peters, Herman Mayforth, Jr. 
BRITISH OFFICERS— Wayne Keck '44, Frank Jakobowski '43, 
W. Warren Swenson '44, Roger Volpe '45. 



EPISODE ELEVEN 

The Fight for Liberty: 1776-1781 

Scene 1: Within the Lutheran Church, Woodstock, Virginia, January, 1776 

Interior of a small country church. The congregation is assembled to hear an epoch making, wartime sermon delivered 
by their young minister, Peter Muhlenberg. Most of the men are in civilian attire, but some are wearing Continental 
Army uniforms. Pastor Muhlenberg speaks to his people on the theme : "There is a time to pray and there is a time to fight ; 
that time has come now." Throwing aside his black ministerial gown, he stands before his people in the uniform of a Colonel 
in the Continental Army and asks the men of his congregation to follow his example, to enlist in the fight for freedom. 

PETER MUHLENBERG John Metzger 42 LIEUTENANT COLONEL ABRAHAM BOWMAN, Clark 

riviriAMS FROVT FPisnnF tfn Diefenderfer '42 ; MAJOR PETER HELFENSTEIN, Arthur 

CIVILIANS FROM EPISODE TEN g^^^^ ,^. ADJUTANT FRANCIS SWAINE, Preston EI- 

OFFICERS AND SOLDIERS OF THE CONTINENTAL kis '45; SOLDIERS— William Beard '44, Peter Gorgone 

ARMY: '43, Bertram Levinstone '42, Robert G. Hale '45. 

EPISODE ELEVEN 

Scene 2: Interior of Trappe Church, August 4, 1776. 

One month after the signing of the Declaration of Independence, the venerable Pastor Muhlenberg addresses soldiers 
of the Continental Army, enlisted from his congregation. He admonishes them to fight bravely for their country. The 
departing soldiers are deeply moved and much strengthened by the words of their beloved preacher. 

HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG Grube '45, John Gross '44, Donald Gross '45, James Feeman 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 '44, Franklin Falk '45, Ted Casper '45, Charles Mortimer '42, 

CONTINENTAL SOLDIERS— Frederick M. Haas, Jr. '45, Mar- William Evans '44, Joe Costabile '45, Warren Nafis '43, Alex 
tin Shemella '45, Richard Ornsteen '45, Gilbert Kaskey '45, Busby '42, Russell Kirk '45, Richard Woodring '44, Kenneth 
Elmo Miller '44, David Gottlieb '45, Glenn Neubauer '43, Stone '44, Albert Grunow '43, William Keck '43, James Cramp- 
Robert Wessner '43, William Feller '42, Thomas Jenkins '44, sey '44, Jack Meyerdierks '44, Charles Schiffert '43, Robert 
Raymond Coward '45, Edward Fenstermacher '45, George Sell Haldeman '44, James Wetherhold '44, Charles Seaman '45, 
'42, Jasper lobst, Mark Reed, Lloyd Groner '45, William Martin Kaplan '45, Howard Laubach '42, Arthur Sweetzer 
Flail '43, Warren Flower '42, Sam. Tenneriello '42, Jeff Fred- '42, Edward Robertson '42, Nathan McWalters '45, George 
erick '43, Joe McKeane '43, John Maxwell '44, Ivan Mat- Nittolo '44, Paul Baize '44, Robert Humphrey '44, Julius 
tern '44, Edward Lukens '44, James Klemmer '45, Matthew Kreuzer, Jr. '45, Martin Shemella '45, Jacob J. Schofer '45, 
Kerestes '44, William Hrisko '44, James Hemstreet '44, George Peter Cosier '44. 

EPISODE ELEVEN 

Scene 3: The retreat past Trappe Church. September 19, 1777. 

On a misty September night, after the battle of Brandywine, the retreating American Army, led by General George 
Washington, moves slowly to the sound of muffled drums past Trappe Church, which is dimly seen in the background. 
General Peter Muhlenberg comes with his regiment, but dismounts to visit briefly with his father and his wife who appear 
among the civilians watching the soldiers march by. 

GEORGE WASHINGTON James McGinley '45 OLD .MEN— B. F. Levy '42, Alton Hoffman '45, Carl Newhart 

PETER MUHLENBERG John Metzger '42 '44, Eugene Laigon '42, Stanford Kessler '45. 

MRS. PETER MUHLENBERG Mrs. Thomas A. Jacks TOWNSPEOPLE— Mrs. Morris Max, Mrs. Elias M. Lavin, 

^t?,^^^P^w„?i^'!^vf''^°'^ ..James Bowen '4S ^rs. Samuel Neuman, Mrs. Morris Griff, Mrs. Isadore Mor- 

SiNRY^MEY^mOR'' MUHLeSbERG '"''"' ""''^'" '' V^' ^"- '^^ 7^^^'' ^"^ ^' ^^'f -.' ^^^ Jj^ ^-""f 

Earle H Weinsheimer '19 Mrs. Leon Kessler, Mrs. Emanuel Scoblionko, Mrs. Morris 

GENERAL ANTHONY WAYNE Joseph Fleischman '45 Mayer, Mrs. Charles Cohen, Mrs. David Wolensky, Mrs. 

AMERICAN BUGLERS— Richard Weidner '43, Wellace Eberts Harry Elkin, Mrs. Edward Coleman, Mrs. Irvmg Schwartz. 

'43. SOLDIERS OF SCENES 1 AND 2. 



EPISODE ELEVEN 

Scene 4: Christmas in the Muhlenberg home at Trappe. December 26, 1777. 

A small room in the home of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg on the day following Christmas. General Peter Muhlen- 
berg, wearing a heavy military cape covered with snow, risks his life to ride home from Valley Forge in order to spend 
Christmas with his family. He urges his father to seek the safety of the valley of the Tulpehocken beyond Reading but the 
old preacher will not desert his post or his people in their hour of danger. 



MRS. HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

Mrs. James E. Swain 
HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

Earle H. Weiniheimer '19 



PETER MUHLENBERG John Metzger '42 

MRS. PETER MUHLENBERG Mrs. Thomas A. Jacks 



26] 



EPISODE ELEVEN 

Scene 5: The victory at Yorktown. October 14, 1781. 

In front of a British redoubt at Yorktown, American troops of Muhlenberg's brigade advance slowly and silently by 
night under the command of General Peter Muhlenberg and Colonel Alexander Hamilton. They storm the strong redoubt, 
and thus 'brings final victory to American arms. On the parapet of the fallen redoubt appears the American Flag in the light 
of dawn. Victorious American soldiers acclaim Generals Washington, Lafayette and Muhlenberg as they join in the song 
"America." 



GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON .. James McGinley '45 

GENERAL PETER MUHLENBERG John Metzger '42 

ALEXANDER HAMILTON James Bowen '45 

LAFAYETTE John Smale '42 

LAFAYETTE'S AIDE Louis Smith '45 



BRITISH OFFICER Paul Candalino '43 

BRITISH SOLDIERS— John Seedor '43, Herman Schleifer '45, 

Russell Kirk '45, Edward McManus '43, Victor David '43, 

Donald Seeger '45, Ralph Bagger '45, James Remaley '43. 

AMERICAN SOLDIERS AND OFFICERS OF SCENES 1, 2, 

and 3. 



EPISODE TWELVE 
The End of the Journey — 1787 

The aged patriarch of the Lutheran Church in America at the end of his life reviews his long struggle to plant the 
Church in the American wilderness, and bids his sons and daughters carry on the work he began. He asks them to take their 
places in the new commonwealth, the United States of America. Finally with trembling hand but with firm faith in the 
future he writes a prayer for posterity. His sons, Peter (in the uniform of a major general in the Continental Army), 
Frederick (in the attire of legislator and speaker of the first Congress), and Henry Ernst (in clerical gown), exhibit the 
several fields in which they serve Church and nation. Mrs. Muhlenberg and the four daughters, seated before these sons, 
exemplify the three hierarchies ordained of God : the home, the school, the Church. 



HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

Earle H. Weinsheimer '19 
MRS. HENRY MELCHIOR MUHLENBERG 

Mrs. James E. Swain 
JOHN PETER GABRIEL MUHLENBERG 

John Metzger '42 
FREDERICK AUGUSTUS CONRAD MUHLENBERG 

Doctor James E. Swain 
GOTTHILF HENRY ERNST MUHLENBERG 

Professor Charles Bowman 
EVE ELIZABETH MUHLENBERG ... Mrs. Ira F. Zartman 
MARGARET HENRIETTA MUHLENBERG 

Mrs. William S. Ritter 
MARY CATHERINE MUHLENBERG 

Mrs. Harry A. Benfer 



MARIA SALOME MUHLENBERG, Miss Adelaide Richards 

(Maria Salome's great granddaughter) 
NOTE: In 1787, the last year of the patriarch's life, all his 
daughters were married. Eve was the wife of the Reverend 
C. Emanuel Schulze, an eminent Lutheran clergyman. Mar- 
garet also was a minister's wife; her husband, the Rever- 
end John Christopher Kunze, preached in New York and 
taught Oriental languages in Columbia College. Mary married 
Francis Swaine, Revolutionary War patriot and banker. 
Maria Salome, the youngest of the daughters, was the wife 
of Matthias Richards, nephew of the first treasurer of the 
LTnited States and a justice in Berks County. Her grandson. 
Doctor Matthias Richards, was for many years professor of 
English at Muhlenberg College. 



EPILOGUE 
Scene 1 : Serving the Nation. May 8, 1789. 

As the Chronicler speaks his encomium of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, he links the Pageant with the Epilogue which 
portrays the great influence of the Muhlenberg family in building our America. This first scene shows Frederick Augustus 
Muhlenberg as Speaker of the House congratulating George Washington upon his election to the Presidency. The action 
takes place in a room adjoining the Representatives' Chamber in New York City. 



JOHN PETER MUHLENBERG John Metzger '42 

(Pennsylvania) 

FREDERICK MUHLENBERG Doctor James E. Swain 

(Pennsylvania) 

PRESIDENT GEORGE WASHINGTON 

James McGinley '45 

MEMBERS OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES: 
JAMES MADISON, Virginia, Professor Victor L. Johnson; 
RICHARD LEE, Virginia, William W. Silliman; THOMAS 



TUCKER, South Carolina, George H. Lazarus; HUGH 
WILLIAMSON, North Carolina, John Gilbert; DANIEL 
CARROLL, Maryland, William S. Hudders '26; GEORGE 
CLYMER, Pennsylvania, Martin F. Dussinger; ELBRIDGE 
GERRY, Massachusetts, John K. Heyl '28; ROGER SHER- 
MAN, Connecticut, Milton Focht; GEORGE MATTHEWS, 
Georgia, James Bieret; JOHN LAURENCE, New York, John 
Zimmerman; ELIAS BOUDINOT, New Jersey, Clarence Mus- 
selman; FISHER AMES, Massachusetts, Alfred W. Wentz. 



[27 



EPILOGUE 

Scene 2: Serving the Church — The evening of September 3, 1867. 

In the court house in Allentown the dream of the patriarch is at last fulfilled, and a college of the Lutheran Church 
is formally opened. His distinguished great-grandson, Frederick Augustus Muhlenberg, D.D., is inducted into the office of 
president of the new college which bears the honored name of the family. President Muhlenberg in his inaugural address 
sets forth the ideals and the design of the college. 



THE HONORABLE ROBERT E. WRIGHT— I. R. Mayer. 
FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG— C. S. McElyea. 
FIRST FACULTY OF MUHLENBERG COLLEGE REPRE- 
SENTED BY PRESENT FACULTY MEMBERS: 

THE REVEREND EDWARD J. KOONS, A.M., Vice-President 
and Professor of Mathematics. 

Luther J. Deck, A.M. '20, Professor of Mathematics. 
THE REVEREND WILLIAM R. HOFFORD, A.M., Professor 
of Latin. 

Edward J. Fluck, Ph.D. '30, Instructor in Latin. 
THE REVEREND JOSEPH F. FAHS, A.M., Professor of His- 
tory. 

Anthony S. Corbiere, Ph.D. '20, Professor of Romance Lan- 
guages. 
THE REVEREND SAMUEL PHILLIPS, A.M., Professor of 
Rhetoric, English Literature and Political Economy. 
William C. Wilbur, A.B., Instructor in History. 

THE REVEREND HANS N. RIIS, Professor of German. 
Preston A. Barba, Ph.D. '06, Professor of German. 

THEODORE C. YEAGER, M.D., Professor of Chemistry, Phy- 
siology, and Botany. 



John E. Trainer, M.S. '35, Instructor in Biology. 
THE REVEREND THEODORE L. SEIP, A.M., Principal of 

Academic Department and Assistant Professor of Greek. 
Karl F. J. Wittrich, M.S., Instructor in Economics. 
MEMBERS OF THE FIRST BOARD OF TRUSTEES: 

JONATHAN REICHARD— (Treasurer of the College), 
Welcome Odenheimer. 

MELCHIOR HAY HORN— Dean Robert C. Horn '00, grand- 
son of Melchior Hay Horn. 

WILLIAM SAEGER— Winfield Keck. 

THE REVEREND WILLIAM RATH— Clyde Derr. 

THE REVEREND SAMUEL K. BROBST— William DeLong. 

THE REVEREND JOSEPH A. SEISS, D.D.— Paul R. Breit- 
enstein. 

THE REVEREND F. J. F. SCHANTZ— Arthur A. Cassell. 
THE REVEREND JOSHUA YEAGER— George Sevart. 
LEWIS KLUMP— Evan Gardner. 
BENJAMIN F. TREXLER— Paul Laudenslager. 
CHRISTIAN PRETZ— F. L. Schmeyer. 



EPILOGUE 

Scene 3 : Facing Forward — A Vision of the College and the Church 

A lighted altar surmounted by a luminous cross portrays the Christian ideals of Muhlenberg College. On either side of 
this altar appear the Chapel Choir, the faculty, and the students, in academic garb. Field lights reveal a great ensemble of 
Lutheran choirs led by four Lutheran clergymen, typifying the Church of Muhlenberg still growing, still advancing on. 
The processions approach the altar singing the Bicentennial Hymn and carrying before them the flags of Church and Coun- 
try. The Pageant closes with the hymn, "A Mighty Fortress Is Our God" and The National Anthem. The audience is 
requested to join in the singing of these final songs. 



THE MUHLENBERG CHAPEL CHOIR 

REPRESENTATIVES OF THE FACULTY: 

Kingsbury M. Badger Winfield Keck 

H. A. Benfer Dr. Harry H. Reichard 

Robert Boyer Walter L. Seaman 

Dr. George H. Brandes Donald E. Shay 

Rev. Harry P. C. Cressman '13 Rev. Russell W. Stine '22 

Ephraim B. Everitt Dr. Isaac M. Wright 

Dr. Robert R. Fritsch '00 Truman Koehler '2+ 

Dr. John C. Keller William S. Ritter '16 

REPRESENTATIVES OF THE STUDENT BODY: 

CHOIRS: The Choirs of Lutheran Churches in the Allentown 
Conference. 

Milnes '45, Albert Bird '44, Lloyd Biedler '43, John Louis 
DiFranco '42, John Light '44, Joseph Peters '44. 
— Walter Kepler '45, James Reppert '45, Robert Mumma '44, 
Richard Kinard '43 



Howard Laubach '42 
Richard Betz '42 
Arlan Bond '42 
Charles Keim '42 
Myron Kabo '42 
Ray Schmoyer '42 
Spiro Chiaparas '42 
George Berghorn '42 
Harold Benjamin '42 
Milton Donin '42 
George Hawkins '42 
Berton Sexton '42 
William Van Ness '42 
Alfred Laubach '42 



Warren Flower '42 
Monroe Greene '42 
A. Victor Hanson, Jr. '42 
Raymond Hausman '42 
Ralph Hauze '42 
W. Roger Jamieson '42 
Paul A. Kemmerer '42 
Nadis Kershner '42 
Paul J. Kidd '42 
Clarence B. Kiernan '42 
Harold L. Knauss '42 
William M. Kuzmiak '42 
Henry Wacker '42 
Ralph H. Berry, Jr. '42 



William Bradley '42 
Hugh E. Brown '42 
Alexander Busby '42 
Sherwood Cota '42 
Wilmer Cressman '42 
Clark Diefenderfer '42 
H. Warren Dimmig '42 
Ernest Fellows '42 
Raymond Fetter '42 
Gerald P. Wert '42 
Bertram Levinstone '42 



B. Franklin Levy '42 
Benjamin R. Lewis '42 
Warren R. Mack '42 
Kenneth R. Maurer '42 
Harry U. Mervine '42 
John Metzger '42 
Charles E. Mortimer '42 
Clayton H. Musselman '42 
Robert E. Neumeyer '42 
John Newpher '42 
Edward H. Robertson '42 



CLERGYMEN: Phares G. Beer '13, Edward G. Schmickel '30, 
Arthur S. Deibert '14, Warren C. Heinly '28. 

CHOIRS: The Choirs of Lutheran Churches in the Allentown 
Conference. 

CHIEF ELECTRICIAN— Paul Morentz '43. Assistants— Frank 
Milnes '45, Albert Bird '44, Lloyd Biedler '43, John Louis 
Di Franco '42, John Light '44, Joseph Peters '44. 

CHIEF STAGE MANAGER— Kenneth Struble '43. Assistants— 
J. Henry Brown '45, Robert MacDonough '44, Dennis Web- 
ster '44. 

CHIEF PROPERTY MAN— William Somerville '42. Assistants 
— Walter Kepler '45, James Reppert '45, Robert Mumma '44, 
Richard Kinard '43. 

STAGE CREW— Robert Bechtel '44, Yar Chomicky '45, Luther 
F. Cressman '42, Eugene R. Kutz '43, William N. Richards '44. 

MAKE UP COMMITTEES— Miss Mary Voos, Mrs. George 
Schlotterer, Mr. Clifford Gackenbach, Mrs. Thomas Jacks, 
Miss Evelyn Brong, Miss Eleanor Haring, Miss Audrey Mac- 
Donald, Miss Lilly Girton, Miss Clara Byrnes, Miss Nancy 
White. 

WARDROBE COMMITTEE— Mrs. Edmund S. Keiter, Kings- 
bury Badger, assisted by members of the Muhlenberg College 
Woman's Auxiliary. 



28] 



COMMITTEES 



Judge James F. Henninger '12 
Vice-President 

Edmund S. Keiter '38 
Secretary-Treasurer 



THE CORPORATION 

Rev. Corson C. Snyder '17 
President 



FINANCE DIVISION 



George B. Balmer '23 

Dr. a. Chari.es R. Keiter '08 

Dr. John D. M. Brown '06 

Dr. Levering Tyson 

Dr. William A. Hausman, Jr. '99 



Victoi R. Schmidt, L. Roy Campbell, Co-chairmen 



Concessions, Novelties 
Gurney F. AfRerbach '16 
Kenneth Conrad 
Dr. James Edgar Swain 
Dr. Victor Johnson 
Harry Dubbs '19 
John T. Gross '31 
Alvin F. Julian 

Gates 
Frank Taylor '42 
Dr. James Edgar Swain 
William Fink 



Decorations 
Owen W. Metzger 
Robert H. Wessner 
Norman G. Reinicker 
John J. McLaughlin 
Harry Hertzog 
G. Edward Leh 
Charles E. Folwell 
Charles G. Kidd 
William O. Gross 
Fred L. Shankweiler 
William R. Weiss 
Jeremy Fisher 
W. Howard McLuckie 



Paul Candalino '43 
Karl F. J. Wittrich 
Alvin F. Julian 

Historical Booklet 
Gordon B. Fister '33 
George M. Pierce 
William S. Rudders '26 
Ralph H. Walker 
Donald P. Miller '28 
Charles H. Dieter 
Reuben C. Pretz 
Dr. Preston A. Barba '06 
Dr. Victor Johnson 



Tickets 
Oscar A. Mahler 
Mrs. Henry Shelly 
Jane Taylor 
Ray Druckenmiller 
Russell Bisbing 
Mrs. John Soler 
Harry Graver 
Ernest Kuhnsman 
Mrs. Herbert Kern 
Alfred Wallitsch 
Clarence Reed 
James E. Weiss 



Valentine Guldin 
Gurney F. AfBerbach 

Church Tickets 
Rev. Charles Ruloff '31 
Rev. Edward G. Schmickel '30 
Rev. Walter Williams '29 
Dr. Reuben E. V. Miller '15 
Rev. Paul Wolper '11 
Rev. William Berkemeyer '29 
Rev. David Frederick '13 
Rev. Karl Reisner '10 
Rev. Mark Trexler '21 
Rev. Paul Spieker '22 



PUBLICITY DIVISION 
Major J. C. Shumberger, Samuel W. Miller '27, Co-chairmen 



Distribution 
Fred F. Kramer, Jr. 
Vernon W. Casteline 
Albert Bittner '90 
Kenneth H. Koch '32 
Louis E. Hertz 
Edgar H. Mortimer 
Robert R. Sewell 
Luther R. Bachman '28 
Edwyn T. George 
Paul F. Bittner '18 

Newspaper 
William D. Reimert 
Gordon B. Fister '33 
Percy Ruhe '01 



Charles Meredith, Jr. 
Charles H. Esser '13 
Frank Marstellar '36 
Albert Bittner 

Photography 
John V. Shankweiler '21 
Charles Gerhart '31 
Edwaid Kline 
John Koehler '42 
Franklin Marsteller '36 
John Yeastrop 

Radio 
J. C. Shumberger, Jr. 
Rev. B. Brvan Musselman 



George Y. Snyder 
John I. Van Sandt 

Speaker 
Henry V. Scheirer '29 
Dr. William L. Katz '13 
Karl Y. Donecker '29 
Theodore R. Gardner '28 
Forrest E. Gotthardt '31 
Donald V. Hock '32 
Edwin K. Kline '30 
Woodrow W. Kistler '34 
Kenneth H. Koch '32 
James C. Lanshe '30 
Richard H. Rauch '37 
Arcus F. Shaffer '30 



Dr. 



SPECTACLE DIVISION 
Joseph T. Hummel '17, Mrs. Joseph T. Hummel, Co-chairmen 



Audience 
William Ritter '16 

Historical Research 
Dr. John D. M. Brown '06 
Dr. Theodore G. Tappert 
Rev. John W. Doberstein 
Rev. William C. Cooper 
Dr. Victor L. Johnson 
Dr. Preston A. Barba '06 



Music 
Dr. Harold K. Marks '07 
E. B. Kocher 
Paul C. Ensrud 
Dr. Harry Sykes '29 
Herbert Gernert '05 
Ralph F. Kemmerer 
Dr. Warren F. Acker '04 



Rev. Wm. Berkemeyer '29 
I. H. Bartholomew 

Properties and Grounds 
Edmund S. Keiter '38 

Talent 
Mrs. Ralph H. Henry 
Earl Weinsheimer '19 



Mrs. John H. Leh 
Mrs. Philip Pardee 
Miss Jane Taylor 
Mrs. Thomas Jacks 
K. M. Badger 
Rachel Kirk 
Henry Faucett 
Mrs. E. G. Scoblionko 
Irene Welty 




Reverend Snyder 



Judge Henninger 



President Tyson 



Professor Brown 



[29 



Museum and Exhibit 
John Davidson 
George Rickey 
Dr. Levering Tyson 
Edmund S. Keiter '38 
Miss Mary Funk 
Dr. Preston A. Barba '06 
Mrs. Robert C. Horn 
Miss Adelaide Richards 
Mrs. George Kemp Engelhart 
Mr. J. Bennett Nolan 
Herbert B. Anstaett 

Faith of Our Fathers' Day 
Dr. Conrad Wilker '32 
Rev. Edward J. Schmickel '30 
Rev. Raymond J. Heckman '17 
Rev. Warren C. Heinly '28 
Rev. Arthur S. Deibert '14 
Rev. Herman F. Gohn 
Rev. Benjamin Lotz 
Rev. G. Franklin Gehr 
Rev. Melvin A. Kurtz '03 
Rev. Paul B. Wolper '11 
Rev. Charles S. Rahn 

Youth Day 
William L. Connor 
Clifford Bartholomew '26 
Miss Miriam L. Boyer 
J. Birney Crum '23 
Louis E. Dieruff '29 



SPECIAL EVENTS DIVISION 
Winfield Clearwater, Walter Guthrie, Co-chairmen 



Solon J. Fegley 

Miss Marian \. Fenner 

Miss Mildred Kemmerer '23 

C. F. Kistler '17 

Albertus L. Meyers 

Kenneth G. Hildebrand 

Luther E. Kellian 

Eugene Geiger 

Doris Peoples 

James Houseberg 

Earl C. Punchard 

Franklin L. Brobst 

Rudolph Grosskurth 

Mrs. Luther Linn 

Earl N. Schmehl 

Mrs. Byron Stauffer '3+ 

Mrs. Elizabeth Turkheimer 

Ruth Borger 

Anna M. Schlegel 

Rev. Earl S. Erb '20 

Women's Day 
Mrs. W. Gordon Williams 
Mrs. Dewey Fuller 
Mrs. Levering Tyson 
Mrs. Owen Clauss 
Mrs. Anna Spieker 
Mrs. Warren Heinly 
Mrs. Victor Gangewere 
Mrs. Owen Roth 
Mrs. Luther B. Klick 
Mrs. Charles Bramwell, Jr. 



Mrs. 


Robert Klotz 


Ira C. R. Guldin 


Mrs. 


David Menges 


Gordon W. Williams 


Mrs. 


J. S. Esser 




Mrs. 


H. W. Tyson 


Alumni 


Mrs. 


Richard Klick 


William Hudders '26 


Mrs. 


William H. Cooper 


Dr. Joseph Hummel '17 


Mrs. 


Ira Frankenfield 


John Heyl '28 


Mrs. 


William S. Way 


Ray Brennan '35 


Mrs. 


J. J. Neudoerffer 


Andrew Diefenderfer '40 


Mrs. 


L. C. Haas 


Rev. Charles Ruloff '31 
Theodore Gardner '28 


Cu 


ty of Allentoiun Day 


Luther Ziegler '35 



Mayor George F. Erich 
Robert E. Ritter 
Clarence E. Mensinger 
Edgar W. Wolf 
Henry K. Bauman 
Dr. Joseph R. Bierman 
George W. Kistler 
Miss Irene Welty 
Joseph J. Gackenbach 
Arthur V. Yohe 
Clarence W. Marcks 

Brotherhood 
Christian J. Eurich, Jr., 
Wm. T. Shetlock 
I. Donald Bennett 
Edward Shotzberger 
Christian Huber, Sr. 
Ira Earl 
Thomas H. Lukens 



National Day 
Gen. Frank D. Beary 
Captain Edward Quinn 
Russell Kirby 
Harry G. Weiland 
Earle Riedy 
William Willenbecher 

Baccalaureate and 
Commencement 

Prof. Luther J. Deck '20 
Prof. Carl W. Boyer '23 
Prof. Harold K. Marks '07 
Dr. Edward Fluck '30 
Kingsbury Badger 
Richard E. Hibbard 
Gordon B. Fister '33 
Dean Robert C. Horn '00 
Rev. H. P. C. Cressman '13 



Dignitaries 

John S. Wise, Jr. 

Raymond E. Bear 

Reuben J. Butz '87 

Dr. Joseph T. Hummel '17 

Victor Schmidt 

Owen W. Metzger 

David A. Miller '94 



HOSPITALITY DIVISION 
Joseph D. Young, Reuben J. Butz '87, Co-chairmen 



Henry L. Snyder '15 
H. A. Benfer 

Housing and Information 
Donald Miller '28 
Tilghman Fenstermaker '31 
Dr. Edward A. Fluck '30 
Phillip Gesoff '31 
Ray Brennan '35 



Richard G. Miller '36 
Ferdinand E. Palladino '32 
Rev. Thomas J. Richter '38 
Rev. Edward G. Schmickel '30 
Henry J. Weidner '31 
Carroll G. Parks '31 

Safety and Travel 
John A. Rupp 
Arthur V. Yohe 



William B. McGorum 
Lawrence A. Nuesslein 
Raymond Kuhns 
William S. Hudders '26 
Earl L. Weaver 
Ralph A. Wagner 
William O. Gross 
Charles E. Folwell, Sr. 
Jeremy Fisher 




Dr. Hausman 



Reverend Keiter 



Mr. Keiter 



30] 




Patrons 



Mr. and Mrs. Gurney F. Afflerbach 

Miss Louise E. Albright 

Mrs. Roderick E. Albright 

Mr. and Mrs. Edwin G. Arner 

Mr. and Mrs. George B. Balmer 

Mr. and Mrs. M. Emory Earner 

Mr. and Mrs. Clifford Bartholomew 

Dr. and Mrs. Elmer H. Bausch 

Dr. Frederick R. Bausch, Jr. 

Dr. and Mrs. P. G. Beer 

Mr. and Mrs. James P. Bender 

Mr. Harry A. Benfer 

Mr. and Mrs. Nolan P. Benner 

Mr. and Mrs. O. F. Bernheim 

Best Chemical Company 

Mr. George Betz 

Mr. and Mrs. Harold W. Beyer 

Mr. and Mrs. A. Albert Bittner 

Dr. and Mrs. Russell S. Bleiler 

Mrs. Charles B. Bowman 

Mrs. Charles W. Bowman 

Dr. Carl W. Boyer 

Dr. George H. Brandes 

Mrs. Stanley Paul Brown 

Mrs. Louis Buehler 

Mr. Reuben J. Butz 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel D. Butz 

Mr. William B. Butz 

Mr. and Mrs. Roy L. Campbell 

Mr. Carl A. Cassone 

Mr. and Mrs. Oliver N. Clauss 

Mr. and Mrs. John S. Cole 

Mrs. S. B. Costenbader 

Rev. Harry P. C. Cressman 

Mrs. Henry H. Dent 

Miss Ruth Emmeline Dixon 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry R. Dubbs 

Dr. John T. Eckert 

Lt. Col. and Mrs. George Kemp Engelhart 

Mr. and Mrs. Ira T. Erdman 

Mayor and Mrs. George F. Erich 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles H. Esser 

Dr. and Mrs. George T. Ettinger 

Rev. William O. Fegley 

Mr. and Mrs. George Feldman 

Dr. and Mrs. F. A. Fetherolf 

Mr. J. Wilmer Fisher 

Miss Mame L. Fisher 

Mr. and Mrs. Gordon B. Fister 

Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Fister 

Dr. Edward J. Fluck 

Mr. Bernard Frank 

Mr. and Mrs. Dewey Fuller 

Mrs. V. J. Gangewere 

Mr. and Mrs. Theodore R. Gardner 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Gehringer 

Mrs. M. M. Gottlieb 



Miss Rachel G. Graham 

Rev. and Mrs. Arthur P. Grammei 

Dr. and Mrs. George A. Greiss 

Mr. and Mrs. Malcolm W. Gross 

Mr. and Mrs. William O. Gross 

Mr. and Mrs. Ira C. R. Guldin 

Mrs. John A. W. Haas 

Mr. and Mrs. Daniel W. Hamm 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert V. Harned 

Dr. and Mrs. Ralph F. Harwick 

Rev. and Mrs. Walter K. Hauser 

Dr. and Mrs. W. A. Hausman 

Mr. and Mrs. L. G. Heilman 

Mr. Charles A. Heist 

Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Heist 

Dr. and Mrs. J. Roland Heller 

Judge and Mrs. James F. Henninger 

Dr. and Mrs. Ralph H. Henry 

Dr. W. F. Herrmann 

Mr. and Mrs. Louis E. Hertz 

Sheriff Mark W. Hoffman 

Dr. Robert C. Horn 

Dr. and Mrs. Joseph T. Hummel 

Mr. Thomas G. Hummel 

Dr. and Mrs. William L. Katz 

Mrs. William G. Keck 

Dr. and Mrs. Clyde H. Kelchner 

Miss Winifred Elizabeth Kern 

Mr. A. Kimberg 

Dr. and Mrs. Martin S. Kleckner 

Mr. and Mrs. William G. Kleckner 

Miss A. Violet Kline 

Dr. and Mrs. Willard Kline 

Mrs. R. B. Klotz 

Mr. Eugene M. Knerr 

Mr. and Mrs. G. Herbert Koch 

Mr. Harry K. Krouse 

Rev. Walter R. Krouse 

Dr. and Mrs. James F. Lambert 

Rev. Preston A. Laury 

Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Lees 

Mrs. Emilie LeFort 

Mr. and Mrs. G. Edward Leh 

Mrs. C. Merrill Leister 

Mrs. Robert LeSinger 

Mr. and Mrs. Nevin T. Loch 

Mr. and Mrs. Edward A. Lukens 

Miss Betty Jane Lukens 

Mr. Nathan D. Martin 

Dr. John D. Matz 

Rev. and Mrs. David A. Menges 

Mr. and Mrs. Owen W. Metzger 

Mrs. Carrie M. Michler 

Mr. and Mrs. Donald P. Miller 

Dr. and Mrs. Reuben E. V. Miller 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel W. Miller 

Mr. and Mrs. M. Jack Morgan 

Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Mortimer 



Mr. and Mrs. W. F. Mosser 

Mr. Clarence B. Nissley 

Dr. and Mrs. John Noble 

Mr. and Mrs. George Pierce 

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley V. Printz 

Mr. and Mrs. Norman G. Reinicker 

Mrs. Tillman Reuber 

Mr. and Mrs. Martin H. Ritter 

Mrs. Irene A. Ritter 

Mr. and Mrs. Harold J. Romig 

Dr. and Mrs. W. C. Schaeffer 

Mr. J. Thomas Schantz 

Dr. and Mrs. William P. Schout 

Mr. and Mrs. Victor R. Schmidt 

Mr. and Mrs. Dalton F. Schwartz 

Dr. and Mrs. George F. Seiberling 

Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Seidel 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Shelly 

Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. Shimer 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry Shimer 

Mr. and Mrs. Harry H. Shimer 

Mr. and Mrs. Howard E. Shimer 

Mr. and Mrs. J. Myron Shimer 

Mrs. Burton C. Simon 

Mr. and Mrs. Carl S. Sipple 

Major and Mrs. J. C. Shumberger, Sr. 

Rev. and Mrs. Corson C. Snyder 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry L. Snyder 

Miss Arlene Spengler 

Mr. and Mrs. William H. Stahl 

Miss Jean Stahl 

State Office Equipment Company 

Mrs. Ida Steinmetz 

Mrs. Grace Stiles 

Mr. and Mrs. John Stiles 

Dr. and Mrs. J. F. Stolte 

Dr. and Mrs. Wayne G. Stump 

Miss Jane W. Taylor 

Mr. Joseph Thornton 

Dr. and Mrs. C. H. Trexler 

Judge Frank M. Trexler 

Mr. and Mrs. Theodore T. Trexler 

Dr. and Mrs. William C. Troxell 

Mr. and Mrs. P. S. Trumbower 

Dr. and Mrs. Levering Tyson 

Dr. and Mrs. Frank M. Urich 

Mr. and Mrs. Fred W. Weiler 

Mr. and Mrs. Fred Martin Weiss 

Mr. and Mrs. William R. Weiss 

Dr. and Mrs. John J. Wenner 

Mr. and Mrs. Warren M. Wenner 

Mr. W. C. Wilbur 

Mrs. Conrad Wilker 

Dr. and Mrs. Isaac M. Wright 

Mr. Richard K. Yehl 

Mr. and Mrs. John J. Yingling 

Mr. and Mrs. Robert A. Young 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph S. Young 



[31 




Acknowledgm ents 



M. S. Young and Company 

KuHNs and Shankweiler 

Moyer-Shimer Insurance Agency 

Nineteenth Street Theatre 

Phoebe Floral Shop 

William Freihofer Baking Company 

Reeves, Parvin and Company 

The Trexler Lumber Company 

Mr. and Mrs. William S. H udders 

Koch Brothers 

The Superior Restaurant 

Pennsylvania Independent Oil Company 

DUNGAN AND FrY 

G. A. RiNN Paper Company 

Heimbach Baking Company 

Heyl-Bond-Miller 

United Materials Company 

Bohlen, Gross and Moyer 

Brown and Fulford 

Emmaus Coal and Lumber Company 

Hill Metal and Roofing 

Tapperson Seed Company 

Bee, Incorporated 

Albright Son and Company 

Penn Coat and Apron Supply 

S. E. Sostman Company 

Muhlenberg College appreciates the cooperation of the organizations and individuals 
listed here and through the booklet in making possible this historical publication. 



32} 



Muhlenberg Bicentennial Hymn 

Words by the Rev. John D. M. Brown, Litt.D. 
Head of the Department of English, Muhlenberg College 

Tune: Hymn 493, God of Our Fathers 

Most Gracious Lord, Who led o'er land and wave 
Through wood and wilderness our fathers brave 
To this new land by faith's unfailing flame, 
In thankfulness we glorify Thy name. 

For all our fathers in the days of old, 
Steadfast and worthy, faithful, true, and bold, 
Servants and soldiers in Thy realm divine. 
Eternal praise and thanks, O Lord, be Thine. 

Sustain us now with Thy celestial aid; 
Fill us with zeal and courage unafraid; 
Give us abundant grace to do Thy will. 
Perfect Thy kingdom, and Thy law fulfill. 

Our fathers' God, to Thee all praise we give, 
In Whom the souls of men and nations live ; 
With grateful hearts we bow before Thy face : 
Thy strength our glory, and our hope Thy grace.